Skip to main content

Full text of "The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex"

See other formats


This Js a digital copy of a book thai was preserved for generalions on library shelves before il was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
lo make Ihe world's books discoverable online. 

Ll has sui'vived long enough for Ihe copyright to expire and the booklo enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright tenn has expired. Whelher a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gale ways lo the past, representing ei wealth oF history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Mai'ks, notations and other marginalia present in Ihe original volume will appear in this file - a reminder oF this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a librai7 and finally lo you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud lo partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have laken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parlies, Lncluding placing technicaJ reslrictions on automaled querying. 
We also ask (hat you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the jiies We designed Google Book Search for us^ by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
persona], non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from auionialed qtte/ying Do not send automaied queries of any sort lo Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
iranslation, optical character recogniiion or other areas where access lo a large amount of text is helpfuL please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials For Ihese pur|X}ses and may be able to help. 

+ Mainiain atliiburion The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essenlial for informing people about this project and helping I hem find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep jT legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring thai what you are doing is legal. Do not assume thai jusl 
because we believe a book is in Ihe public domain For users in the United Slates, that the work is also in Ihe public domain for users in other 
countries. Whelher a book is still in copyrighl varies from country lo counlr\'. and we caji*l ofFer guidance on whelher any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume thai a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any maimer 
anywhere in the world- Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google*s mission is lo organize the world's information and lo make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover ihe world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through Ihe full text of ihis book on Ihe web 

at http : / /books ■ google , com/ 




D'l'' ■_r'] 



Di-ni "-r-i 

I, Google 



inT_r-ii.j Google 

Di-11 ■_ri 

I, Google 





-f^ )^^'-^ 





E, w. uwm 

i.n---r.ii.j Google 

^"'i^'rn.J £^.^.^ 

D'11 ■_ri 

I, Google 


^^ '-^7 


T>iiKixo (be vitcct!N(irD n-fifwU of tlit rtr^l edition ol 
iJiin woik. (mWishcd In letl, I *»»i «Wp (o iulrwluc* toteral 
im|wrtant cofrcclioDn; »rnl n*iw that inon- Uni* hA« «la[i«^I, 
I liAVO endfavDiiT^ U> pntfit by tht^ fa^ry iHtluil Itirou^h 
vbicb Ut« book hA4 pciMHl, nn'l Hiivtr lAkfii jiiUj)uUi)sr* til til 
Ihr rritiriitiin itliiili M^euj (o me sound. I urn flim graitly 
inilflrird In d kr>:u number of i-oirti^otideiits for thr cobkj 
miimouon of a Ktirpnaint; iiumWr cf ucv lactd anj romtrks.' 
TbfM tiAtc Wn (^1 humnrouis tlut J luvo U*eii ublo to vuw 
only thp mijTB* iirijHirUui wri™; iind of iju-ite^ hk wi-ll as of 
tli«t wirtr iiii|HittiiEil cDrr4X7tj(}ti3i, I will iippru(3 ii liM, Siimc 
mil tlTofrirntioiH luic hccn rnttodnced, nad fotjr of the old 
<ir4ifring>i Lavc been i^plac^d by better ones, done from Itfo 
by Mr. T. V. Wood. 1 must ^pQciall} oulj atttnitioti to 
«(itn^ cibtfervni Lons which I owe lo the kinilm-ut of Prof, 
Htulry (K>tt^il V4 a 8upj>IrjiH-ii( al Uiir r:id of 1'>trt I.)^ nn 
\\k\t nnlun: of iIil- liilTvmii^-A U-lwirii Ihr bruiiu of \\\m\ 
and thv hijrbfirapo. I Iiatp Ik-ou |viTtteijlar1> gl^cJ lo gjvi^ 
Ihf^v fvUirrtilRin*, br<<Ati»} ddrinp the last fi'W **ai>^ *<-'veraI 
m'lnnirvL on \\\!> mibj^cl bflv^ Bp7n?flr*d ■*« Ihi* Cfiiilin^-ni^ nrid 
tlif'ir im^iortiirin* Iias Uieii, in %m\\v cukm, i^roiilly i?xiig^'nttt^ 
If) popular viiteiv. 

I rmy lake Ibm 'HTpnrliinitT nf rpnwrkinE Ihnt my cntjea 
fr«<iQCtitly oittuua' \\\a\ \ Attrihiik nil cb&njrei tif eorpf>r«a] 
flTticlore and tMnUt pou-^r trxclu^t^ly to tJ\o Datunt uyloc- 
tivfn nf torii THrbtKit^e uf Eire ofl^ri called iF^)i^l'ir''^'^i>''- 
)i«mi^, PT^-n in tbr ^r*t e^litinn of Wxif. ' Origin of Smrdi?*/ 


I dif^tinctly ^i\M thai prt^t woi^jhl muBi I>n aUribulod to 
the inheril^d *ffpcU of une aD<\ diBUa^, witli rwpoet both to 
ih? badj and mind, f slan atinbillpf! Rorre flnnnrl ui rniidi- 
fit-aliHii t(j lIip Jin-i't iiml iJi-oloii^-ed aL'Uou of fhttiij^t^il ^-AftX' 
dUioii« of !ifv. Souk iilloutiucv, Uo, mu^l be iimilv fur 
ot^dKiouril rovOTBiorm uf alrm?turL% rwr oiuel we for^il whul 
I huvf tulluU ■■ rorn»liiti*d " (arciwlh. mt-nnm;;^ Un-*r<>tjy, Umt 
vorioTii; p^rU cif llii? itr^iuiKLition iirr ir Himr [inknnwn utnu- 
ner *o connpoted, tint wlitii oiiir jfjirl var^i's, jo iln dhiTH; 
and if variations in the one arc a(.ruiiiuIa1od hy £oK'ctioTi, 
other parte v'lII be modttiod, A^aiD, it has boon ^id by 
flcvorai entice, Ihat wh&D 1 Found tlial uiauy dt'tmlB uf jiifna- 
ture in man could not b» explained ihruuj^li iiittural sfl^c- 
linn. r invndi'd m-ximl wlcrlirjii; 1 gavr. lunvrvrr. a Inli^r- 
ftbly cicnr «k«tch nf thb prini^iple in ilic lirat i^lition of lEie 
' Ori^n of Specie^' and I there ^Utcd that it vt-M iipidLcnblr: 
to man- Thin pubjecl of eexual edection ht^e Vcn tr^yntpd 
at full length in the present work, etmpl^ bccattae an opjior- 
tunilywaaliere Htfit afforded me, I Imvi* \ivtu Klruirku-ilh Ibe 
likrncsjL iif many of llir linlf'fnvourubU* irititinrHn cm suAual 
RclcctirMijWith tboflo which oppcurcd nt tir*t on natiind iu'lr-c- 
tion; »iioh u, that it would oxpiain gomo Tow details bat 
certainly w« not npptimHe lo Ibo entent to whieli I bav^ 
emplrtyetl It. My convict ion of the power of Jtexual iekvtinn 
n-rnaiiiH unnliakt'ti; but it U probable, oralituwl reriain, Uiut 
[ipvrrrti of my cvnicluflimiK will hereafter \ic fmmd crronctcnu<; 
thita Clin hardly fail to itv tho vaa: Ju tho first tn^lnK.^nl of a 
eubjoct When nftturoliittii have bot^iuo fauulmr with tha 
id^ of wTiial srlfrtion, it will, a» ] lifUpv, be nnu-h riiorii 
largfly arr*'|"li'd: aid il Iihji Jiln'Hdy limi fully nnd favfiur- 
ably received by aevfral capable judges. 

I>OWH, Bkcrkhh AN, Eeht. Brs^ttm^ir, 1S74^ 

First Edition F*b. M. laTL 
SvooQd EdiUon SopU 1871 












or tvi ^^^1 




^Bi«t nt , ici 

?nir^,ui*t H 

^^ iBtlW 


U« Villi. 



"^ ^^^^^H 

\ ML 



■ ^ 



in tUi»l]uninfi '^r n *i>*cl. H 




Cii^t rif lUFd iKFfti will] hmirt boJJnt H 


fiO, Hole 

40, note 


In iniui- H 

^H *> 



Thf rw*itmw»[x i>f 4 tnil in mun, " 

^m m 

34, note 


u^ T-x|iUiiuil hf itilikfitMbn on nift- 
cWuv'hI I»nrii-iiiir-. 
Intflliecntv in 4 l>iib.iiin. 

^H 40 ■ 



^^ * 



Si>ik>« uf lumour In <ii-<g^ 

t 44 



Kuithvr taut* 011 tiTUtfltion In uian 
tnd trimklv, 



1 14-11 V 

IU«R>rit.Ti|: poHcT tn tho 3niFrr «il- 





A^uiflition of ^XT^^^jcnc1] l<^«niin*ls. 




P&fPfr uf atjBLTihJtJon in uiimnlk 




^V M 



9kin>. Anil fuftiiK 




Pidolltr in ih( rrli'i'lmirt 




fink'in tin gr^c^ri^Mi^iu'W vf culil^h 



101. 112 


119. I1», 

iw,i:3. i 
now j 


PlirhlriUnco »r cnmitjr tad tAtniL 


N'KTiira Knft iiiTvii^th nf shAOlB. Ry 

tffpL and rtuiur^. 



17», Hole 

Sui^klc bll^OllfBt NiTnCT'. 



IM, fiot« 

Tlu' nic^li'ra (►f i^JiiJuot. 

^ Itt 



S(>|c.riL^ii,nAHjifiIi(id i« prlra*vitl niw). 




lf«wn)UiKnom MwH^n Mlobt Mid 




Dhifiinii (»f thn iitUv b»(ie. 




t- 1>^^ Cy 





Q»lFil ,19*1 


tnl Vat 

In S VqM 


Vol. 1- 




195, miTp 


jM-i^I, in>t* 

Supnrnunierary 1111111111* hml dlj^t". 




niJlTiiiLlMiji|4'iirLii;£ irt niiiiih 

^H H« 

VK util« 

S3, nut* 

ilriRin, uvuuji" oai^aiiiy' of hkiill i\\- 

^H 14B 



HmH <iii mivATLlnf^o* tn miui from hn 




J>lHtji|H«nhn(irofl1mlAll In niMi Bad 

^^ l1t& 

i3i taa 


■ "° 



hulolL'ficft of ttina. whtii Ire* tr^ra ft 
dlTu^^Jc* for [itLift^tin^, 




^^ M$, 11 "tc 

IGU i)H« 

ana miih 

ITiTLimiilLJfrUlJprh ill t\p\i. 







ami ^aiiitf ilMioiJth nincn^sl uv- 


l»^ IM 


Durkiuuc af jililri a piMlK'tinii «|CRtiint 


m 3oe 


Not* by Profi'fcor naxlcr «n Ihn 
<]cvolo|>(nfint of the brniti in mnn 




T^pM'm] or^na of mate piir-MitLc 
worm* for hohtlnif rJi** lena]*. 

37ft, Wfl 

234. asd 

344. m 

OnwU^r ^flrinbiJily vt mule tEiin 
fonuilfl; dtreot bcfiou of ihr en- 
virvomcnt in t^v^ing (ilDL^ronccs 




P^n-irl .i| (h'Vi'lfHpniPPit of jirrituhof- 

thiiir ifHiLMnifAJon in oua or Ix^ih 



943. Mt 


Cftu*«i of i-ictad ft xmlt hirlhii. 




I'nnjxirtiori ut llin fi»xfw in lh« bro 




Ri^H nC mii]^ porhapi^ lomalinif^ 

lU'li^rliiiin'il bj ■^|n-[irin. 








Sf \ilaI vli'iiHuri ftimm;;>'i hfndctK 




<'iiiiT f>f rtrtiflllnp** "f nmlr «pidor& 




U*c ft phoiphori*«N»(irr r»f th«glov- 




TSi* liiiimiMiii: n>iiK> "f riivi^ 







m&iCKnir>N8 TO T1IK KnmoN of IBU. |z H 
















U«4e*l affiftAtiB of rif-mr^fitjnh. ^| 




J iW~^ ' ■— < ■-'^frtrlnklLiiirappA' ^H 



448. ni>U< 

Fh' "I'lcrft. ^H 







SnciTnU VP-lmml by tfinliit* ^^^^B 







Aipliv* p*i1 ih uurfJiip, hrlfhur^^^^H 

Ihifli ihptr Ball*. ^^M 







1 Tol It 



1 T 



Hruth-ttk* ttvlH if mttl* iCdl'^ruL ^^^H 

L " 



And Iho ■pnvinini: ot M*i I*|pn^ 

^B * 



^ » 






Kurthrr fiun* on niAiiUl poiwiri of 







I'^rjqihtiU of ''^hiiLmif]i>enji. 




MimhAtl f-n protubeninon on hrtlt' 







AlUcli mi^rit 1-ctvrecn p4irei1 litrJ*. 




Albino bireU not finding pAnncn, ni 




A 4UtA(iE nMUft', 




Dirrct jurlhri nf uNm^lo on birlt' 




PWthvi fiirbi fjEi tlw conlli in iliv 
EtitpUf' bv tiunnninfi'Mrd* in oouri- 
('jliml vlth pi^pviiit fit cninmr Ui^n*- 







iiiittoil to and sc% ftinnn. 




Twtn fur U**' bi'miliUi] |iri'inikiim( 


with tbo l>>nTT (iJiim^K 



Ikirru ftl ihofrp oripn*]!/ * mluQii- 

Itni* HwrMf'Irft. 




C^jiAiriLirnriiirTiHriMi^flinmH'if miiriiHlK. 








ted Ed. IBM. 

In i Voto. 

Id I Vol, 


Vol, I. 





BelfttiTtt eizes of maJ« and femals 
whales (uid eeals. 




Abuitce of tiuks in mnle miocene 




Di^Hon on Hiiul differencss of bals. 




Reeks on advantaga from peouliar 




Difference of compleiioQ in men and 
vomcn of an Afriuin tribe. 




Speeob subsequent to trin^np. 




Scfaopenhauvr on importance of 

courtship to mankind. 




Beriflion or discussion on communal 

marriaKce and prnmiscuity. 
Power of choice of woman in mar- 




ria^ amongst saTagea. 




Long-continued habit of plucking 
oat hairs may produce an inber- 
it«d effect. 

Di-1'' ■_ri 

I, Google 



fAW t 


ciuinrKK I 

m i' lfw ipt or TBtf nairnvT nt bah fiuiv anirt mini tnnv 

lunt In nmit <•>! IS* V>«ar uii>ih«l« ^Mib^r]J#m<-nu point* of oof^ 
■f«eitl«a»— Ii«4TiT^|iuitiit -lEudiim^QUiry •tni^uvpc■, niDtoEf*^ wn*^ 


or rm vaii*» or oiviLonnrr or 11411 mil torn i««n rcviL 

VHiiibilil/ irfbcdj uii mlitA ia tiuD— laliEriUfife— l'4iiH*r>f *iuiHtn]iljr 
^L«v*nr wl4liqa tS* vajra la m^n v In ibr Invar animAU— Diitv<t 
MUi^tu-v^lhi T"iti]*lfi'iir uflirv -KlfcotB ivf iLc LiJcn<w<<4 use lunl -IbLuc 
of |»fto->lff™iT*J <i<j«lunm<?flt ■ lEr > Ml Lui] -'(>>rn^luu»(| vArSaLlori — 
Jtirtpf faicn wc flig^liaiuificrT^-r— Xmnml'^tUii'tioii— Mull tbr mwt 
dMnlatnt anirniil lutlm imrkd — Ini^nTTunH-f r»f h|a i>firpr»n?itl >tnj'<rifn>— 

«|Um| *htpfl »f LK* •tDll'— Na)l*ctijHB^AbH<ICfi of ft tkil -DtfoiiiK- 

CHAt^TEk l[l. 

miTiT"r or r»i iiTwxt powaa ^r tuv akti nn uia ahquul 

Di* 'filfc'VH* i* vhKaI po«ar lotwpbii tha h\ghHK tpo uid the Iovkm 
^■*T<ps Inmwfini -<^tfti<ft LmtltL^'U ^nnimnn— Thu omotbni— ruri- 
tmiy - foiluiko Attfui^u Mwik*:^ I hi«|[lniiti«i — Ra^on — Tn^ 
|[r«i*Lvc wt9nv«(iL«ib— TooU jtu-l ife*|iaipi iiud tpir 4alni«l>— j\b- 

0*4,v|4tttiuli«wcia,tu]flmUaiit ... . . . m 






Thuinnrtl ■finnn—KuiidAniflTiriLl prnp^-iUnii— Thf 'jwaJuir^ M ■'wml uni- 

TdbIh — iirtgin nf Atrithtlttf — ^rrii|f£lr-^riri np^Hi^rvi immni'i* - Man 

■ wftpM ■mriiAl— Tlio inon emliinrtjf uit^bpl ^niMni-iaoonin^t"r ''llxrlua 

|>i'ni»l£int i Dill ill')!*- -TfiQ bixiIhI virttiiv aluri< rH^utLi'il \-y •iivuifUA'— 


I>» Tfll PBdLOMflVr "r THE IPTir J.f-T U At, AVf 11'fak.L TtiCVLTIt^ 

Ailt^Tii^ivitiivit (if ihn iDtfillHtUftl pGWan through niiuml hIctiIou— Irn- 
|K>r(ini*rt rtf <ifiiuin»n--Sfld*l wvl itinml l>u.silii»»— Tlmlr *li'wp|-i(imrnT 

Ituid ntiJAiw— KvLdsiH thai niv|hH<l nauona wvn nTi» barlwroui* , IW 



FrBEliKi^ rjf riitn in !■» niiirimt Mrics— Tim ttntural >nt<iii» frfii-^liiifu^id— 
AUjillvn (Jinrarlcn nf p<llir+»t \jilm'-Viirlniii iitihII |<>liiljf of rrMm- 
Mnni.'? tieLWfTi limn ti\:\ iht Quintruniiina KinV of iiiin Ln vhf niua^ 
rnl fcValwik— HirlKpliCft ■inri annqtiily M atan— \»iiiniifn r-i1 fniail i-nn- 
nrcilmir llrka— Lrtunr tlAffM In Th^^ ji#iir-Al'>fj nC mwi. on tilL'ffiNl, 
flmtl^ fnm liia iltlo^lint unil tnvindljr ffriu liit ntnjotiiiv— l^nfly to- 

ov Tiai BAO** ar ma* 

Pinra— AnrnmriiUi 1tj faviMir 'if. uixl op|w>*>rd u\, raQklni ihetn-c^ltd 
furvA nf matl «> clitlmur *p«rif«— Kiilvii|iR«if« — Hirir«j)VlluilJi tnil P'>lT- 

In twxtT nM mirnl >wl«««n lli( n>n"l ilf*rin<Tt fftf** nf tftun— Th* tUti- 
ft mtn ivhf<n hi flpa| 4pmd ov^f ih* *ATth'K»oh m:* n4l <l**»n'lrrt 
rrnm a hhtfU ytii — Tba 4»TiiiHrinft *^r t«oH -'ntt rnmiaium i*f «o™— 
Ttia «ir>DL> «f Dri3iv>rijr-^lif:li1 innm-noA tif [bv clfr«i lUiEim hf ihf 
AAndlTv^HB of lifr— 6l;f III ar na infldftHM of nataml M^«BtJoii— hntual 







ciiAmt* vut 

na^mxt uj uii^t hluhov. 


P^/fimy— Thf ijiklr«loDr|rTDirkl)}'nii4*nflr>| tLfOiLirh hi- 
ulHlactifn— FjfBnMHilUHi vuLo^Vtrit/iLjLty uf iIih nuili*— Chmr* 
iTtftH bj Ub* fvoHl*— :t*(iiBl mrufvrvd laith imlural ■■k'tkHi— in- 

Uwjn/.Ki'l u LliriiM lO >H- iUlutkuiit TvAvma tin »<v*r*l farm 
«# iiil>«riU«cv-l'4t|tHt vLj aoa h« kbd Ui* jobc^ w mo* D^iA«4 
ifaPBUck HanlwtK^Mi- 0«|i|^Jp<ajoDt i^n tli« prap>n»nnbl tunilj««" at 
Ika ii*o«*Hiblhri«f£l#tiiii the ■luniBJ kinifJoni— Tli* |-r«pcniMk itt Un 
■■111 ^ Evtalvu lo brtvmi HkiBtL^rji '...,,,. IK> 

Iq»u— ArFtr?lli3ii- i.>u«un<4. tHonilaij ivciui fhbriLpt'iT" vinitiirl/ dt- 
vtlop^d; iliiri^rfihiam; ^iIaui; ^hin^-im DM ftfy^uiml iKroTOTiiiIillltf 

cmr— I1)«*«fl|4m. ixviw^ty w-l ci^kum-i.'-nlf-'iii*™. eHUiur«, fur- 
^hf4 villi tfiHR limu, ■■|i|jiinnl1> v no oiuuncut : bulla . tulda- 
llill^ iH^ilitipimiirj i^iinii n rn hnih inn . i ■ • . 

CB.vrrEU XI- 

(vrTTuruM AAi Horn*.) 
-B^Ultr Tivkkik^ liitn- r^lDiJi>tamni:inl*botJb 




nblUtr— (■»«■ of ihfl <LilF4tian<-^« in yoluuf lirfweuo t\yo mtXtt unJ 
fvcniilAB^Muikmi^f ftu&iln liiiiEfirllM mont ttritLUntly t]c>louA-1 tbon 
llio ifiult-i Jirlel^C cnlnviH at i-4iivryi\ia.n Sumtuhrj «m»i i:4ibcl4tlj|]g 
rciunrlu vu i\te *«o&Juy m-iiihl i^iianfoUin of UudcU— BiMti tod in 
MUM «ODlpBr«d . . ' . >W 


■j;coiii>4iiT iJiirLi. Gn,&iucTiBB (fr rmuu. uirucBiiETL ahs ULffit-u. 

PiUMi Caarlfllilp mJ bMlli* of th4 ihbLm— LbrfernLxi; of the feniAlv— 
Hal«.brlKtil vi:tliKirt aatl vriiiuicQUl jip^m Ja^t« i olIitrBUwi^uoliar' 

binfdlii£'"4iHiou ■l>iir-^Fl*l>'« "ilN ivlli kchii brlLliiDtl}^ i^uli'uroU — 
htti^llve i^clukirr— 'rii« ](»« uiJUn^rlMUOUa lvIvuid i.\f \hv I'cuiLk uanmA 
bu iv:i.'T>uulcil Tui i>ti Llia (trlu^'iplc of (jruUM-UiiU— UuIl' I1i}j« builJiliif 
UffiiM, nml '-ukh'^ L-jiHiv* "f Oi«- iWJi HHil ^^mn^ Avnimij^ijA; Uillor- 

livc— LiuM«, kjntOt-vor— OFiiHEiiLiritJil aj^jwruiitifiw— Stfuii^uiIiTTurtDCV 
m ACritolurv bvtwi»b tb* hv»»— Culuiin - fcioKUikl diflcRntca ulinoiil v 
^aE«4 orilh tjir^la , . . . • . . . W 


Gfliniil difloniiTiB -Ln4 trf bi^ttlv tJpfoUl wviipuii* Vvuvl orguiH-Ia- 
•tmiichtfl mum D -T'»V0 unlit" unci diiiiPDit--D(io»rhttat]'L, porntanaQt 
And HbUfiAl-lJi'tiblc Mii-i fiajflu kiuidkl ni«bl(*— Dt#|>liiL7 of onii- 
ULt* tj Uia oialu ...•■*.. ■ * , ACQ 

CHAKrEH 1.1 V. 

Cb«lM «ttrttd hj tlie ft)iA»lB— LouKth uf riiun*b1i>— CniiAlnd birkb— 

UbouI qaiUtlc* Mill Uohi for ttiv tiuAJtiful -■'nfcj-riicp vi miiLiiaiti;^ 
thtvn li^ chu funhlB fr |ranlcular Ui&lc*— Viidiibllti» uf ttiRla— Va- 
rttlloiu m«irtlir™i ■Irfii]K-!.«w? of Vir;»ncn— Knnniiilnci <4 oeilU— 
tirviatlom of 4!hinpidr — Cue of Peaoock, ArguA plicvanl. and Unv 
«IJCiU <W 


DlHUK^ov M VI vhj ih* fDtlH tlflnv if 'ittn» >jwp1i4, tnil bnrh iwtu af 

pKvd iO v*dinua iilrup(uT^« uTtJ In hrijfbtly «Dlot(n>d plurnju^— NidLQH.'A- 
Uon la r«lMllOD 10 c«Lour— Ujae of uo^UI plitmAirg ddrkr^jE Ui* viaUr , tU 






TTx iiiufcrtiir* plui«n ^ f»iliwi l* tfc" o>>ragltf <f tho tamnagw la both 

MiuMTui ■tolarploiupcf llw>dliht— <^ |L> tfi rat— <f U«ii|j 
\u Ui* W4* of ft* ««fld-Pn4Min u^Mihiijr -Cap^inablj-nt' 

D&nl* «r« 

isMmAkT «iraL vMtAAvm^ or MAiautA 

bifk ImpwUDcc— 4Jiwdi4 fiu oTtba mlv—kUaiH «f Mia»— Ob the 

coattkb XVllt 

V«lc»^X*fiH' libit hehI fWUlUriAH Id »o«lt - OIauf li^vr-^nprntnl 
^fOtm bair -t'*>Aiwurtb« b«ir*i»d»ki»— Aw>«ifcluii»^«M>^tho TmihJ* 
b'Jnf '^■^m nr^aiBpnnn) iLar 1J14 mfllff— (Vlatu jHnl qniWDBMA Jim to 

<Ii<4m»4iii»»;4 (f »|*rt* *IhT >4ri]V ■(■ A^luU iiuailriijwi*— 1M tbt col- 


PART in. 


AND (y>H(^l^rvKIS- 

l>lfftv«ina NtwMn ue tnl vwiia— C^di» ofioiiri (IlflrriDiiB «nd of 






On tlie «Tf«ctB of the coatiniwd Hleotioa of womaD ■ooordiof; to ■ dlf« 
Tcreul almidjirJ of bojiuty in «jtcli fKio— Oo ihe chubh whioh LDlarfwo 
with rKiXLiEiL N-lv^-tinu iu olviliied ud vavige utknu— OoDditloDd fa- 
VDurMLLir U> fh'xuul i*t^ei:tioa during primevnl tJinoH — On iho JiUDDer 
of w;ti4jEi <pf K-xuAt rtvltfotion witb juuikind— On Lhu wojuvq iu uvage 
tribup hbViu^ miiuo power tO ctiooBQ tbo'ir iiuxbundn — AbHDH of hilr 
on thv l>od}^, aud deveLopmuit of the baud — Colour of tha akki^ 
ESuiuoivy ^ 




UuD conclusion tlinl mui is dwHnded from »in« lowar form— UannAr 
of dpvclo|iAitDt^<4L'iieBLofE7 of mu— IntflLJectuii ud moiml fKOltiVB 
—Sexual Sctact'ion— CoDcLuding nmtrkB ,,.... e^ 

BiTFPL»nHTi.L Nun .,,.. •,.-■• ttA 

iHDIl Ml 

Di-1'' ■_ri 






The iialnre of Ihi* ffJIiiwitif? wiirti will Iw bmi iin(l4*r* 
iood by u brii-f awonrtt of how it ramp to Iw BTiUrn. Dur- 
1n^ tiuoj rcnra 1 t-i/Ilt^lHl nolrt on ito ori^rin or tl<i^:^Dt (A 
Qiikn, villioLit luiy inU-oLioii uf pablivliiii^ i>n ihe Hub)m-U 
btit nlhi'T with thff dHf^mtimition not ta piibhftli, u 1 
thou^it tbiL ] fibuuld tbut only add to the pr^jndici'v n^iunit 
Qiy vii'tti. It nvinivl to xnif HUlllti^nl ti> indicate, in Llie tirxt 
edition >if my * Origin of Spyci^n,' UiDt b> thift work " U^hi 
vuutd br tlirvkiii vn the oh^n of mari nTtd hit hiitoryi" 
and lh» iiiip1:i'» ibac man imiiit lie JiirlndtKl wilb other 
or^JiQir Ifcinjpt in asiy fsyiicrui c'oiK'luaion ivipcctiiijC hii man- 
ner ot nii)ii-jrai>cr on lim t^nnh. Nov tiie caw wenfd a 
vholly dmcivnt nt^f^-^l, Wh^n « Dntumtiit lilci* Carl Vogt 
Yi-nlurt^ to Mjr in \m uiJdrOBn ha Pr«idi.-nt of Ihr Nationil 
luHtituli^rn of (irttrvn n^'>^)> " {jerfurmv. vn Eurojjt' au 
RK^iirkf. n'u4^ )rtufi souionir In cr^fltit^c iiid^poidAiUu (4 dtr 
tfjuiitt! pi^^f^ m raphes " it b Tnaailc«t thnt at IcoM m Inrtcc 
nnmbrr ot naitiniBtUt niiwl lufmil tint «p«*ei^f< an* ihe rnudi- 
fitd diflscTPitdniit* of olh^r ji]i.H*ifl«: and this ^peoiaUy bolda 
good wiUi Iho ^oiiiJ^'CT fLud rmn)i nii^jnih^edt. The x'<^iit*^r 
^B u III ber accept iht tk^Ktmy uf nACuvnl ^^iL'trtiniK Uii>ut.di mhuv 
irgp, whi-lbrr it'ilh jtirfi*H» th** frjtni>? must dn^ick^ that I 
||»tiT^ pTt^Hv c\frrntr<i it« iiriEM^riaiKt. Of tht uldor <md 
T ' hjrff iLk I jjliiTil F4-ir(i{v. ninny ufLforUiiiattrly nni 

t : -'h1 to «\oIulL'.m in ovi>rv form. 

in rT^JiM^|ai'iK€ of Uk- vif^« rM>w adofiUnl by i^oat lulu- 
rvli>t«, and w>ucb will altipiulHy. tn in wery oi.hrr cniGf\ tx? 
folluvr^ by oUivr« wlio ar« uol urivnlili^. I have Uoa led to 
% 1 



^ TEB l>EaCiiXT OP MAK. 

put togcthfi" my nol^s. ho as to ki? bow r*r Ihc (wnr^rnl con* 

du»icinw arriviil ul in nij foniit^r works vt-rv a|"[>lii'jili1v Ic 
man, Thit setiiKHj bI] thy morv dvKimblc, aa 1 bftcl nev^r 
dclihomUJy npplird thf^w viowff to t »pcHc* liikcn mugly> 
Whrn vrt' o»>niinp otjr atfpniirm In nny oru- fiirri^ we un- de- 
prived of the ^'t'lphly ar^'\iinoiit^ diTivod fp'Mii t!i*» nflliir* 
of Ihc itlliniliri wlikli <x.iiinin:L lu^t-thtr wliok' i,'roui.ifi of 
orgHni^rns — Lhi-ir jrt''*>^f"p^"i'"l ^I'tstnlmliini Iti im^l iiml [Jiva- 
ent IJmos, and llieiv g^^^^lojijcal iuoccwion. Thp hoiruilonieul 
■tiucturt'. embrvolfi^-iL'uL dL-vdijpment. ami rudJnifntoTy 
or^Hiii of a ifp(-i'iL<.>i rrtnniit to hp (rmiHidiTHU w1ii<1lit<r it hv 
man ur any oiUft aiuTiml, to nhiHi itiir atliMiLkou luuy Le 
dirciUd, but llio*e f^rrut daMe* of fads ntTord^ as it upppurn 
Lo ii;(', iirii|ilp niid I'otii.'liiMVt- i-vi(li-iJL'L' ni fuvmir itf tlii* |inn- 
cij»k gf >frndmil ovolutiou, Tlif *troij|^' supjjoil dori^'oj from 
the olbcr ai^ument? should, howctcn alwjiye I* kvpt boforc 
The raind. 

Tlic* *oIl' object of Ihm work ict to conaidor, firstly, whoth- 
cr mnr, liki- every jtbcr »ij>ecJc3i, is* dcsrriulcd from sutni" pr*- 
eTfiMing form: sef'nndiv, tIip mHiniiT af liis devflopmrnt; 
aiid thinlly, lUc valut* oi the iliftuivotoe Mwwn tlio Ba-L.>alW 
ractf» of iJiJin, A* I %\in[\ cnnfmi- tuy^iL-ir Ui Xhvsi- poiiitH, it 
ttill not I* ner***«iry to d*«i^nl*p in delnil tlu- dilTofi'iicrii 
bi'twtt'U tbi' Heverul ructr — uii L-nLriinnin ^ubjoet ^ibidi liflA 
bt^ETi] fully diMAiPMil ill iiuiii,\ vatuJihk' wi>rkH. Tbr lii^li 
Aiilu|iii(y of mnn has I'ecptilly boi>n di*nmn»:tnil<'il by tlie 
lubouiTi of u ]\<>si of t'litiiK'til hilh, be^^iiiniii)^ wtih M. ik'n- 
rbiT di? Prrtlirn; irnd ibis h tlie iu(liM|n*ii?yildi' iHir^in Utf nil' 
(iorfltnnding liiu origin. I jdidll, lliun'fim^ t4kc tliiM cun- 
clu»ioD fi^r ^mll1cd, enti may refer tny nadertf to tbo ad- 
niitHble ItcjiiiKes of Sir rimrli'H Lyt-ll. Sir Jnlin LubWk. 
and othvr^, Nc^r lihall 1 Iluvl- oucui^ion to do l\^o^L• thun to 
alhxl^ lo Ihc tLDkoiint of ciiiTrrcner bctiroen nnn and tlio 
aiilbrii|HitiirtrjilinnH a|ii^: ft^r Pmf. UtixK'y, in ibf it|»tiiirm 
of riio*t loiijjK'toiil jiid>;i'F, liaa tuntluiivoly sIkwii tliul in 
twry vifihie chnrartt^r man difFcr!» leas from rbe biphiT np«, 
thaji llu'w.' do from ibe lower nieiidjer* cif xUr hjmik- onler of 

Thift work contain* han)l> any ori|;mal fiicts in rc^rd 
to man; but hm tbr oni]rln>.ii>rL«i iM wkJoh I nrrivi-il. nflrr 
dmirin^ np a rongJi draft, appeared to me inVeivttirg, T 
Ihou^'lit that tJicy rnijcht intcrcrt otbcm. It has often auU 
(nniHOi'Citly liwn a?w^H4Hl, Ihat mim'v ori^fin nrn ni'Vrr be 
known: but i|rnonmof more frequenilv l>ej7rtH conttd«no4' 
than doea knov-kdKc: it ta tlioae who dnow liUle, aud imt 





tliow vhtt fcrnnr itkucli. who m iMwitiviOj kwvrt Uuit ihii «>r 
UkAi pitiLletii v'iU urvcr 1w c^ivvJ liy eciriioOs 'Hie cott- 
dLpirjfk iKaI tiian i§ ihtr ri>-dc«o«utlani with ulhi-r Mpni-it^ of 
«i.>in-' aii4<li^n1, lowfr. Ami eilinoi fonii. in n-tl in aiiy rktf 
tii^^\ l^ir^nk l'»t])* cl|,»o i-amf to Ihin c'^fiHiimoT), Vklik'-h 
btHy tfrn rniiiiitELiiittt f>v x-^inU riTiimfil lla1B^all^(4 tnH 
p1ij]ii»iih|^,; fnr m^tim^^'. t»y \ViilIiM.'*\ H^xUy* Lyi'lU V'o^t, 

Mori 1, has r^n^titly (IHiiJi, niih A wvmjk) wUi. 

lii 1^ 'i. ;■ ii ^i^ ' NittiHwJit Sclii>|>riiDjfrt|^<K'h]chtc/ 

in «-LkJ] hv UiWy ilm-tis-w thn |p-iw-jilo|cv nf ntnii IT line 
wriri fuvl i|k|«-unHl IriTforp my r-fxiy hitil Won vritt^D, I 
eh^tuld |iri:-h4l>]y avvi^r Jiave efrIupltr{(^] il. Ahnosi all tlie 
<oiidui>>iUH ci nliich 1 luvt- arriti-d T liml cvHinrnLol Uy rliifi 
iij1ur*1ul, wh^tf' knoAlin1;^rT rn mnny |u^inU 10 much fuller 
thon inmi\ Wlirrcvir 1 have add^^l any Wt or viet^ frum 
Prjf. IIa<-kt^'H vriUny-ii. I jjnr ]m jiiillirjrilr In tlie IfXl; 
othrr iiaU'iiki-^In I ]4-4V<' ■* llxt^y i>n^ina9U vCuod in iiij rmmj- 
0CTii4, (vccn&Wjlly giving in llic foi'l-cioU* rffot^ncf* to his 
«i>ri;^. a.^ a cuitf riruiUt>n <kf thi» luurv ilouhtful or inlervit- 

iVaring miny yrnfv it hfls JFromfd lo mo hijfhly prolwMc 
tliaf ti'iLiAl Tvleiti-m Tan ^lUjed an iiiij)urtaiiC {vtti In ilif- 
fi'fvutuitin^ ihr nuvM of umn: Imt in my ' Ori^^iu of Spe- 
cie?' OJr*l irfJili»n, p, II>OJ I conlrntrtl iMy*cU hj m<:rcly 
dltoijirjif In llir4 U'li^'r. Wlii'n I t-umf In aj<p1y llii)^ v]>'4 I13 
in«ii, I ffinn>l it iEu!tr<|i^r^flyt? ta Li><at xliv \^ho]e Kiihjod m 
full dfiikil.' 1 Vin*i*»ji',i'nl ly thr .iwonil part of tlic pH'r^i-nt 
work, !n-*!ih(^ nf *ij*xii:il M'Wtuin, liiis p^li-uilni tn ,iii in- 
oriliiL4lo h»n;.'lh, ruBiimrei viih lh(» ^rft \tBrl-. but Ihi^ 

I had inicDded Adding tii thi* |)n!iviil lolumrA 1111 ttamy 

il>f*i rial 

■ t'Ua 

- 1 tr.n Ur 

■ ^'' 

1*0T, p. ¥li ft T^rr cuiTiiPii* r4(«r ah 

rK' cpriff^iL nF iiiiiit AciitLliiT wnrk tiJU 
I t^&V'| UifL iiuVlLitinlli^ l>r Kr^ncva- 

i^f" klvUn hibOv ill ibt haitff i^fUoil, 
ifit mlH made in ihe jfijwd of lb* 

*fhfi. tt rkb cJiJiK w^jfii iJii* u^'tk Ami 
ft|i|iiHrnL Kibl d^rOHi'iJ Otr pl^^J«'L jE 
MiUii] **lH>,|ioii, anil ha-i n'Ht oe full 
kr4i[NirE«fti4% tLtio^ 1f1^ lauhU^'bl i^nt oT 

ft \wwj kbtt nunatr in bi* variou 



.,.^i.a are expressed in tl 
uitlerent races of man. But owing tc 
ent wovkt 1 have thought it better t 
separate publicatioiL 

43S Nmk Jbu 8lrH< 

Di-11 ■_ri 

I, Google 




UlWUt rOMl, 

tQ nun igtd Ilia la»*r mhwI*— MiHv4fMiai»iu fAiuiHfimirM>im4ii>rv - 

r<|it*>1afU*« urauM, A«-«Tlift bMrin^ «t Iham Uicm biwI cIimo* ef facU 
on lb« aritfia umu 

III wlio wUbtff lo deHil{> whnlhi^r min \n tlii» ntodifiod 
dcw^ndnnt of wmc prc-cxiftirp foTm, would prohabW Rrrt 
^nquirv whtrlhfT qi^n tariff. hfiW'-ver >^1j^lilly. in linijtiy 
■triivtorc am\ in iiH'ntal fucullin; ami if iwf, whHhrr th« 
TiinAtinnti arc trnii^mittrtl to hi* offiT^rini: in ■ccordflnct wUh 
till* 18«K whuh nrfvjtl vrjili tW Kiwer .ininia]>^. A>;dni, an* 
lh(S vnriiiUtMift t]i« rviuJt, ujt fur u our i^ai^riiuL^o iH^nniU 
na lo ji><)^ of ibc wnic ^nrral cou»p-ii, end arc thoj gov- 
*mp4 bjr the tamp p^neTsI laws, as in the o*te of other 
oTj^m«ai«; for iiuiajirv, bv corn^lation, the mhcntt^d rffocU 
of lue And diFiMC. Jtc-? Ii^ maTi «uhjrct to ^intilar malcon- 
frf>rrfiiifi<)*tfl. the t4>m1t ttt arrenle«l O^Tielo|imeTif. of redupltoa- 
hou of porta. &e., dikd doea he diSTiUy m any of hiH aDODiahet 
rrvrniofi Uf s\mtf fomrrf and nm-n-nl. l.vjn* of nlmi'liirr? It 
fpighl nUii naninilly be pnqTiirpd whHhep man, Uke pf> mflnv 
<Mlier aniDHAK has jeiven nee to variettce and tuh-racea, dif> 
frrini; Iml ulijcTitly fmni rach othfr, or tn Vwri-w [lilTtring 
lo morh Uuit thw/ mu*t be rlatArd fl« dinubtrni sjinfi;**? How 
are eucli rocce distributed oi'cr thi? Torld; and Imw, wlirn 
iCtiNVeil. do they rvatl ou racli ulher iti Ihe fimt aiid mk> 
***«lr ■ . r iiinn»? And tf> with nmny olhor ]K>int». 

Iff vrrtild Tirni romc to the imporUnI ptnnt, 
- ' I litJi li iida Iri iiLi rvHK' hI io ru]itd a rati'. Oii^ Ur Waa 

nnJ iM."t*re ittni^fjh^ for txialt'nce; ami eonw^iiently 

l*> tienrliciil lisriatioiu, whether in body or mmrl. bpiBij pr^ 






[(A r>f ini*it, wfiii'hi^vor ferrri iiuiy l>o :i|»p]iod, eticrnocli i>a 
mid n.-plm-L- o(»t flncjllitr, so tliuj siiMH' iiaallj liHuitii" ex- 
tinct? \\v ihall Kcc Uiui lUl thi^to ^jumiom, on jj]i)t.'«4l i» 
oVvjoiis in ri'-»ptct Xo mort of Ihom, mujii. br unan^K^I in Uio 
aillmiduvi;, ill Uit *tiiiie iuatin«*r at vi'nh ilii' lo^ir atiliuuliL. 
Buf tho ««vcml considf^raiiotiA Jti^l referred tif luay be cou* 
vcnicntly dcfcirrd tor ii hnic: nml nc will firnt ivr h'ltr fnr 
ihe tmdil^ kCnirruri' i^f iiiun fnlton^ irnivi^, Tiinrt' iM' \i**- yW\u, 
of liH Jwcent from same lower forn^. In futrc<'fdiii^ chap- 
t£r» Uk- iifciitdl Li^nx-n» uf niuri. in compnmi^u wiUj thoM: of 
ihr ItnitT HtiiniMlH, will W- (-i>ni«iif[*n*i1, 

Thf BtfitiUf SlrUi-(jire of ,Uon-— (l n ooforiouf lliat ninn 
i* L'linMj'urli'ii im i\u* aauxf ^rijt'r»\ Ivjh* i>r mrHlr! ns 'rtluT 
nmmiTiaU. All \\iv honn in hip fikcloUn oin he o>iii|<in^ 
wjlh currcvpoiiding boiio« in a ini>tikv,v> ^t. or ai?al. So it 
U wit-b hui ii]Li>^(iH^. ni-rvi'H, bWd-vi-wr*!^ nrTil inri'mal vk»- 
ccni. Tbo biuiii, Iht ino^t iinporlnnt of n\\ the nrKUriJ^ fol- 
low* the Mtiif lnw, OF flirA^u hy Htmli'.v nud oIIit nnnt^niTfiUi. 
Bi*cbi*lT,' who in h lifiMil* witncki^, Jidiniln ihni ^'^rv rhu-f 
fi^urv and TciJd m 1lu< brum ut ii^iin bda il^ uriulD;<_> in Ihat 
gf ihv imtiK: hul lir: fldd.i thni nf no prrind i>f df*»wl'>ijiinpnt 
dn lin'ir hr^int |iprf**Hly aanv; hot <'^)ntd jurftrl iigrm'in<*nt 
Irf? ^^^^'^'^■t^'d, i<jr olhvrwie^' lhv>ir incnln] |:iower^ ur»uld Jwvc 
lirrti Ibi" «uuf. Vu![*iim" n-niarks: " l^ai diffL'tviitTn r^leti 
(]iit pxiMipnt vrilrr IVD(\'>|i|iit1<< dr riinmmr la cvdui dm lEjriflM 
t^up^rit'urs sont \Atn nkiuimc*. 11 ui: fnul pn^? ^ fairc d U- 
liipihLis ^ n?t tjtard, L'hi^mun' uit bicii jiIu-b juvfc ik« uat^es 
oiithropomoTjifiPt jwir k* c«r»i*U*r(^ buhIoiii^uc* dv aoii ear* 
vcfi« c|iK> ooii\-(.-f nc W Font nrm Friilnmpnt dtm lantrr^j mtim- 
njifr-r^Tt, itini* ih^iiie de cprtMirih i|iMdntii»irL<>, tUt^ ^iirrKini? 
CI lie* mai^ft<iu<v/' Itiit it wouM l)« DU|)t-rMNriUni li(rrv lo jfii'c 
further <ktidU on iKr (:irn"*p'>ndcnf<? Mncc-n huid ainl Ibe 
bf^bt'r iiiJiiiiiiiJilx in ibe btnirhiri' of Ihr biain uiid all (dbvr 

]l 111115, hfiwfvrr, liT worth while lo upeeifr a fuir poiuU, 
noi dirrrlly oriibTinunlj miinrvli'i! wUh •!* nirlun-, lij wbipb 
Ihifl i*<>rrM|»ondcnco ^r rvlRtJ<>DBliip U vpII rfj^wTi. 

Man tH liable to vtTPivu frutii tW luwer animab, Afid 
tn coiniminJcHt« to iWm, orrtJiin dinfam?*. u» hifdnipbnbia, 

tinM ovKhnr.rm wi-ll i» Tl*«-rf ••* UrmU" >' l^o lur In VUy*^ tWA. |< ^H■^^ «fl 

Itl Bill AoM, Kri-^vfiiiiitf tii*» \'ta\n. vn"i"l Jt* M n*Jlt, 'L^nlmlw Pri- 


r. X. 

uoMOUKiicAL i^rHixnruiiRs, 

imh, the |>lnncl«n> sjptitlif, chotor-a, h<^rp<iA, Ac;' end 

ti-i fdct iirmt« tlie dot« ftiiiularitr * of their Iimhi^ unci 

jJfKvlt IiotD in mJDiatf etnidure and crtrnpoBiikm* fflr rnnn> 

tininlf than docn their tx>Tiift<bhiMa nni^cr tlw t»it ancm- 

'[n\ ur Iijr the aid of the Irrf chcmir*! ■nuljsii. Monki-vo 

■ liahUi \a ttnny of Ili# Mine nnn-^'iinEji^ioiiG ttiutiAN at w 

r. ihut lUnfti^vrt* wbi> carrfuJlv oLtoniiii for u kirjp: liinc 

Iw f V^fu /4iiirff in itJt lUttiTc Umi, firiutjil it liiiliK: Ui laldrrh, 

itJi th« Ufliul Bjtnftotnfi, and whirh. wlicii <>ftr»n n4:iirrint, 

t» co«iPimi|i1)tni, ThcM nionkcfs aiilT«rcil aUo from 

tjHi|il4<Kj-f ill fl;irnutn linn of tbi- truu^th. uml cafaracL ju the 

j^Ve. Thp vo«ncrf onw olioq Kheddipg Ih^ir milk-tJ:M>Ui 

«tcn died from r*ve,-. JJc^dicince rrodno^l the ^dtnc **fT<xt 

iti ihrm «■ on It*, Mam kiiLdri <■' llJunkf^^ hivi* a h(r<*ng 

i\c for lot, coffee, lad E[)ir]luvu> liquon: <hvy ivill hIho, 

\bAV€ inTHlf KCD, ntkoko totNicvouith |>t?wmr.* JtMim 

thftt Oil- tialivti^ of ui>rl]i'rahU'rn Africa f-8t<h Mm 

ild UImmiiu by v;c|Xi«ioc t««wU Wftli auon^- bo^r. b> uhidi 

icT oic made dntn)^. Ho hiw #ccn iwinir nf lhi->r jminuiU, 

hlrh )ie kept in (vwiflnpirtfrit. in tliiK Miitr: and hp ^rv<>i( 

lauHiflM« aoeouni at IliL-ir Iwkaviour and strange cninaee». 

>a thr fnllowinj; Diomin^ thej vt-rc very croM and diimal; 

Lt'V hHd Ihifir aching hnttdi «rith both hanHv, and varni n 

Kisl pitiatik ojihrc^ion: when bci^r or win& Mna offered 

liem, tboy turned ttviy vitli di?i«u£)t» Lnt rvlisli<.<d the juici: 

if Icnion*.* An Ani«ni-uu mr>iiki"y. an Ali-lw*, kHpt ^*^i^ 

tioff Hnjnk on hmndy, would nc^rr l»MK-h it acftin, tind tliiw 

dp wr4i'; iban tii^uj uku. Thvtv IilAij]^ furtA ]ri>jvi< Ik>w 

imilar tJie Tirrtrt oi Itite iniifcl Iw Jn atonkvjv and mnn, 

till Ur»w flnnlarly Ihcir wholn nvrvoii* evrt(Di u alToctM. 

Man i* infi^trtj villi iniiTi^l faiiifttLr». *>EUfiiBitH mije- 

1^ falsi eff^i^; flDd is ptagnr^d hy e3((4.Tfia1 paniiiliM, all 

if whirh tielnnt; to Ihi; stme gcnrn nr rami1r<*4i nf thofc in* 

fnUing (ithvr mavinviK *nd in th«< oaae of scabie* Ta Ui(> 


pi.l Iff fii' ' r'Un^nri;*! V'.Mf'Jimy Re* 
pU». Jilt I'W. 

l^dUfWTly r.' < |^7l, DL 

uw lilt 1' : nMfeH fnj 

.«» wa Hrauf vuImi^ bvtv«4 

im l^a ^Avao fiMiL at am cml^ 

t>»*v=tv, '-- .ti*iitiati!iiiii*bjllia 

MlTIk' ■ .''lit 

•■ '" « J« iS»urathlAr«.' 

* 'ftic MiiLO uatb ATD itninoTi M 

Mr, A- Nh«i(« lufirtii* morlmi fiv krpl 
III <Ju<«tv'lHU'lt in AuatrBliK llirvD itt- 
<lLV>'iEMli Iff Tlir fiArtnlAr^S' c^J»#' 

bt^'Dt ill tnj WB^i lh<T HL^uirvii ■ 
•nvfitfiA-m for nini. »hil n*' antrik inf 

-Rnii>ri.>'nLWribt#aii; u .^1a^v,k 
r^ ai <ui ite AfehU*. L viu.. Tot 


Mine apcci«e^* Man is subjoct, bkc other riainnialA, birds, 
ami rvt'ii iiiMi't?,' in titnt niyiEt<*rifiUH Inw, whirli ckum'S orr- 
tain norniA] |)roc(>ti8rK, liuHi lu gnatdlinn. ni: ^'<'t] hr Urn mH' 
turatioQ ard duration of various diAva^'fi, to follow Lunor 
rwriotla. Hia wimmU nn- rL-imiri'il b> iJtt? mini' jiruiruaa of 
ncoJing; nnd the HtumpK Mi after tht^ umputtilion of hia 
Umbe, ffl|H<ciall; during an carlj ombrycnk pcnod, occa- 
lioiialli' i-HTWcH* wiiit [lOrtLT *t{ tvj^vmiraiiva. an in the luwi-sl 

The whoh pri>ccw of that mort important function, thn 
reproduclioiL of (he fepetic^. ja i^lrikinglv tlii' ^me in all 
nummtU, from the (ir*l ni of oourtBliip by Uio male,*^ 
to thf birlh >irid niirtnrini: nf the yoiin*;. Alonkr_vi« an 
borrr in RbrMihl ar^ bel[ilr8h h rtmdition aK mir iiwn infants; 
and in Fortain ^i^u^rn thi* youni; diffiir fully ae mnch in 
appcaranf^f* from Ibc adulu, nx do onr ctiildrrn from thrir 
fiill-grdwn parpnrn-'* 11 bih lnvn (if;cfd !jy wimi* vrilfris 
aft an important diet inert ion, that with man tiw youn^ arrive 
at mntuntv at & nmdi later ajfir tliur un.v othor am* 
mal: bill, if «<■ Wk tn Ihr rnri^ nf mankiml wbirh inlmliit 
tropical countnce the diffcrrcnce le not grvnu for tiio omng 
it bcli'^veJ iHii to Ih- adviiL till Ibt ii>;e of fri»m trn tn fiflufm 
yi'nni." Mnn difff^n: from tt-ntnnr: in bi/p, bodily Mr*»ii^h, 
batnn-?^, &c., oe wolt aa in mind, in tlio Mime TimrnLT na do 
the t«-[> SPIOR of innny uinmnuiU, S« Ihirt Llic rorri'j*i»i>ndenrc 
in gt*nvra.] ntnictiiro. in Hio miniitp slnidnre of lh*> (ii«n«j, 
io chemical coinposilion ami in t-oii»Utulion, brftwcren man 
and tlitt hif^hiT nriimaK t^jH-iiiitily tin? Hiilbriipoinorpboua 
apTA, i< oxlffmoly clote. 

•Dr. W. LmuW LirnWr. 'BtHu- 

• WtthrfHfvvtlnjnHr-lHiiHnr-lAY' 

i«ipli.-<»n »IJ«nprat lj*»-if Viul Pi»- 
r1i>llr-lly,- ' llHif*Ji A^Krlfclif>n,' IM'J- 

AmtHrjin 'IntiriiJkJ '>f s.-kiiwn*,' vitV 
t*li. p. N^, hM vFidii ■ t-W iiDffvriiME 
fmm frtLfin ifii*. i1*n«nor 1 t|i»ll 
fWtiLcn to thtA*a1>Jfif<L 

"1 fmvn ffirt^n thfl wftlftico fti ihia 
h*ir[ i»i HTf ' VitrtiiUn nf AnlriiiiU aiiii 
riVilA lirHllT r"lnr»tic-Jiliiin," VnUU. |". 

f«^liD■•hurDATUvlftn:l■rt^^« Primum, 
emir), cul^imtu, t«aii(4i iih]>pi'iii Ml. 
YfUtK. t\iii itlu in llnh'in 7^■**^01^i•^\* 
{Brtilaryit) iD«dk(iii ulmAUum «■!« 

vir Lb FP^U'' alMdrviini^iH CAUtu* #t 
tfl^HV, li'v rijiht 'VirlinA^mit pmhBVttkH 
(^utMltrnv i^uHlfiib lix'i vi, alii c mill- 

l^iTrUh el HrrhHi ni>Tal>KTir iJnm In 

ano^Ditliiiln, [MutuWimu* Cuvinr 

oitiTjiM.Eiifiii f urplm fiohvt IndloMrltrt- 

t/rnmnU lii>minlliiM ft Qn^TuniATiIji 
i-r>fi«irimi{i. NBTmt onjir* i'/r;ftWT>hii- 
liirii qijctHtmii In rurnmiiL iiii-Mc^n 
««[iCHii|ii rtmlnamm •lltiiLapumf %^ nb* 

mtiiiiL Firtmprr c-lif^VuL junLon**, 04 
<l1|jnf>Ai.-fb«( III ULrhlk,ii1*Iv'*^hilnva 



qtorphnij^ g|i<7< |ij tV^lfKi^f Humt-I 

Ui rj!ifii*ni>UBlim AH'I Ihr ■iithriipfv 
IMJI, p, M. 


ciiAA r 


Bmhrifi^nu Dfrthpminl. — Ufa w dcT«lo|iHL (ri^m an 
OTuIe, lUiut tl)i.- ViMh of tn inch in diamdcr witich dilfvr* 
tti nn n*Hjvirt fnmi th«> niriilni '>r ollvr nrimoU. 'Die «m- 
bnrn it*?ti 8t Ji vptj mrlv ponoil can haToty Ixj dtfttinsui*^'^) 
trxnn ifamt of vUifr itirml"TB< of the rrrtcliril*- kinj^dnnr Al 
ih'm iH'Hntl llip iiHrri(<» run in arrli'likp hnm*in^. as i/ to 
curry lUr IjIocmI t<> limnchiir wlitdi orv ni*i |nvtrHl in the 
hi;;lii'r V'.'rUibruU. ihmjgh tlir sltt^ frn thi- ?itt]L?3 of Ui^ nrck 
Mi^l n-niHin (/. g, Gfi. L), tivrking tliL*ir forinrr pocitioil- 
Al 4 vaniMrhiil liilw prh<>d, wImti ihp eitivrnkliM arc do- 
trioprd, "tlw f€*t <»f liunU ami [lumiiiAld." an tlic illiu- 
tnoii8 Voii Bher miiarkv, " Uhi vvinj^ irid fi<<Tt of hirdK, 
DO {«>• Omn Ihu liundt and T'-trt of man, all ansc fruia \hv 
Mn)f fnoilnmi-nUl form.*' ll it. say* PVoif. Iluxle^^." *'nmte 
in thp lal«^T pta^^ of d«vohi|iriM<nt liiat tPio jfoun^ humim 
tnucff prvetiiU iiiartnl diff.Tvncra frooi Ihr votii;^ npr, 
vhilr Ihr IaIUt dejiflrl« it itjutli from ttic do^ in ilfi drvcKrfi- 
nu'nlji^ nc Hip man d<it'«. Slanting' aa Ihfa lad aiatertion 

A* *onif- ft my imiirr* fiiiiy ni'VJT hjvr ***i*n s drewing 
rf Jin embryo, J haT* pven oiio "f mar ird another of a d<^c, 
al about Ihr mroo 4'arly ?<1bu;<> of dtvulo|inicn1, curcfully 
cnpiipd fn^m ivo wwrkn nf undnnbtnl a<t'iiniry.^* 

Afl«r llio f<»rcv'>"niE sUtiJirKints irinde hy siich high ao- 
thoritini. il would \n* ba\jrt(\iitnM tyi\ my i»ttri lo ^-iw a num- 
hpr n! finiTiwt'd jMjiitn, ulirwinj^ llint Ihr rthbryn of nuin 
floet*lv EfatemhUv that '>f otli^r irinnniijilii^ It miy, hf^wpvor, 
b# added, Uui l^r liumari iiiibryo likowU*^ ri'4i'ii]U<:b tf^r- 
tjiin Xrnt fnrnw nh^n iidiAlt in \iititiij» puiiitu of nlrucitiir. 
Ftir ihKttiKy*, thr li^4rt. a( firtl rxiAl^ lu a iimplr pul^nting 
T««"l; Ihi- tjicrela arc vrjid;*(i t]irr>»<rh a clooail pnsM^c; 
anil tht^ sift roi'cyi jijTiiccl-i IJki- ;j triit< lail, *' v-xk'iidiit>^ [^i[S- 
cidrraMv heyond ll>c rwHinimUry It-K*-" " 1" tht? rtn- 
lirt»» of all aird^nathirp TrrtcbmUa, fi^rtain clatidN cnllrd 
Ih* rrtqiom WiilBiiiia, (rorn^i^fHinit nith, and dc-t lik^ tlir 
LHlnoynnf fri'it'jrvfvli««.^' Kr^-n at a lotw embryonic period, 


Thr bwitfi flobrro ■n»>n' 1^1^^ 



4,- <-*-a«j-flvt 4i,j* 4\\A 

} t 

^*v< b*fm oOkC' tttl. I, p. AAA- 

.11..' ■ ■,- .lf«wrft(pi rn h>* 'K.'IiAp- 
'" ■ ! kViraifiu ill * iVn'. 'if ApioT' 

|<. 17. 


Okj^. t 



monlli f««ch iboot the hida vtoj^ of ilpv«]opTit«iit m ia Ji 
taboon yrhvtx »<luH/*'' Tlio j^tmI tiii<. nj^ Pn-r^iwr Uwi.*ti 
nifJArioi," ■■ tt'lii^^h fcirnui Ibr fulcrum wbrn «i>mllitg or 
walking, ri- porhapt llt«» n)o«t <-harAct«n«tic tioctttiarjiv id 
tht buuidi) Btru<1ari':" bul ib in *M)brj<>» *w>ut nn itirh 

p-hortrr ibsn Ibp (n'h<^rs- ond, uiHtflftd of tuning p«r»Ui»l lo 
thtro. ^r>jf'rfO'l dl aki iingte fron tb« »idi.* <if tlit^ fof>t. tliiu 
i-niri wil)j thr* |irrtrMD«^n[ LMLiii(i-iii of TKrn |iiirt 

it* [!■ , ' iTiJUw." L wii! roncfodr «>tb s quot«ti^n from 
Uiivlcy.'' vh^flftrrMkifs^, doMninorifinAtc in a ditfen-Dt 
vrn^y from a <to|£. birO. frog fw Adt? ftaja, " Itie rv^Ay U m>t 
doubtful for i ii>ain«M; vithuut qQCCtioA, Ui« modi- of uh- 

Sn, Am! xhf <^rlT lUe^A of thr drTtlopmrnt of mnn. at^ 
<?Tjti<iil with Th<^i*p of thp animflLf^ immediately M'lU' him 
la the WAk: vtthouT a doubt id Ui«ec Tcvvecu, he u f^ 
&««rtr lo epcft tbnn the npr^ arc to tbo doR. 

Jttn^imr$iU. — Thi» ^ibjrrl. though not intnuKLrnlly mord 
impoftant then thv l%o luM, will for 64*v<?nil n-O-^oim bv 
itvMtud Imtp mnrr- fiillt." Nftt one nf ih*^ hightr nnininU 
can be namrd whiHi dooe not bctar «om<> p«rt id a r;irlimeT>' 
twy coi>dilioD; and nun form* no exception to the rule. 
Bii'limmtary organs rniwt he- <1iMingiiiFihfil from thnw tbnt 
arv nriMvnt: lUoufrb In »<tm^ eate^ tliB diBlinctiun k% not «nsj. 
The fnrrorr ire eitber pbnhitrly u^ekw, siich fi:» the mum- 
m»> nf dihIp i]iEfMlrii[)Hls or tbp inct^rtr UHh -if nirnmAnlif 
ivliK'b nrvt-r eat thtuiif-b the gQina; or they a^.- 'if ^uch 
»1ifhl n-nnce to their frearnt poncMor*. thnt nr run kitinlly 
^Lijipir^r tl *f lhi»y wofp rlMTrlnppri mi*lpr thi> rfin*i<lir>riA whii'h 
now txi*^. Orjjjwfl (u tbie latter *tate orv not BtritlTy nuli- 
pK-ntnry, hut thrr Jirr U'r»rh[i(f in thin clir*Tti»>n, N%x(»cmt 
rirjEHnu, nn the othrr hnr»d, thntcg^h nM fully dpvpli>ji»'r1, are 
of hijfh servie^ to Iheir pofw^^eorR, unrl tire eapehlc of furthor 
ctFvi'Ui|immt^ lludiinert&r^' oriran* drr ctninonily VArinble: 
anil thH k partly inlellijcJhle, m they nrf» ii$e1e»»i, or n<rurly 
u^^lttA, and roD&^q^^'^^'y "'^ "'' lonfrer flnbjcrU^d to n«1i^ral 
■w*1cctiitD, Tbey dftep b<^romc whi>!iY »u(n»fr;a«L Whrn 
thb ownre, Ibey are iieTerthetew liable to occm^ionA] re- 

it«**diii«,' tew. *. n, 

IT jun 

pef, ^rumvirt mdlmenuli Innnlln* 

ISivtri ailiTiiniMr 'Uk:i]ii«iimi vn tliln 
wholi" -iiW.-i, minipr Ihr thiJr **l J>y»' 




■pp?«rflncE^ throu|;b rev^on — a circiim*itftiit'e well worthy 

or alletilioii. 

mctiUrj Ktm to hove been dinit^o at that ^-ioi.1 ul lift* 
whpn the nrgnn is chiefly iipi?d (and This h ^^ojierally diiriiiff 
itjatimly), and nhi> mlittit-uut'O flt n oorn*rt|)t>Hdin;c jicnoi! 
of hit:. Thi^ (rrmn "diiiiwc" doc* no| rr-Utc ini-rcly tu llie 
|pjupn<*il Hrtinik of miifirlp(i, tint inr1ii4li>i a rliminitli^d t1ow 
of Mond to a jiart or orpm, in>m Iximj; ^ul>J(■t*l^d ta U'wcr 
AJtvnmtiojiH *>r |tn-Mun% or finm ImTHnin^' in pny nt^y ]rm 
hMiuMWy *i<1ivf, Ftitdimrnft. hnwrvrr, may ocvmi ix\ tin& 
eox of thow rarti- which art- uunnallv ptr^i'iit in ih'-' other 
eex: aud auni ruilimt'oU, a^ we nhall hrriNii'liT mv, hnvc 
ofUni oriKi""ti*fl in n way drKlinrt from Ihonf* hpre rrfprrpH 
(o. !n M)>nc copcsy orjcarw have been n^ductd by mi^ans of 
nalunil bKltffUoii, fniiii huvinj; bunmte iiijurioNK Ut the Ji|»e- 
cie* iiudtT chflriKt*<-l hiihil* of life. The ftrod-WK at rrducttori 
iH prohnhly often nidrd throiixh the two F>rliic-LplcEi of cnm- 
(itfiiiiaLii^ii aiuJ «tt>uo[jiy of |:ruwlh^ but iht^ lattr bL[i;^f0 of 
n.'duo1irjii. after (UiciUM> hm dono a)l (hat (.'un fairlv ho at- 
tribtitrd to it, ani\ when the wiving tfy btj cfTrdi^d by the 
coonoTriy i»f pnmtb wmild be very njrtall." an- diltlmlt in 
uudi^rnldiid^ The EiiitJ and eompEet^* eiipproaflinit of n pnrt, 
nlrcnHv ii»o1c-mi ntid murli rcdiuM in crui^. in wh:i.'h caso 
netlber coiii|M»n8ation noT fi'^imniv <jni come inl" play, in 
p*rhflp« inlcUifpblc by llie aid af ihp hv[w)fh*Kifi of psutft^m- 
fcift. But fl* thi* whole subjM of ruJimonlary oriions liaa 
bwn diArtidfipd unt] ilhjvlnirrd in uty Fonni-r vi>rk!</* I ut-eJ 
here fav no moro on Ihj» head, 

rhidinirnlH of tnricnTE) muridce have been ob^rtcd in 
manv pmrls of lb<* human UHly:'* and out n few maaclea, 
u-liiL'h nri? rciT'darly preeert in some of the lowi;r animals oan 
occiiniijunlly U' dfii-i'U-iJ in mnii In a i^rcfttly rcitur£*cl <oiidi- 
lion. Kivry onr^ miiKl hiivi^ iioIicimI lie power wbiHi mnny 
snimale, cft|K*cialiv h^rw*, powii«* r»r tnovia^ or twitching 
Ihdr skin; nml idlft is cffeded by the panitiftilnji mrnasui. 
llvniniinU of thi* muflcb in «n rtTloient ft[«Uj arc found in 

" Inline fwnrl ftllTcl^'nn riTi :|i)» 'ij}"- 
je*l liflr« b?i-n fiicn h-w 3At*mi^ Muni^ 
■fill MWm, iti ■ Tr»riJ*pt_ 7nrptfi|f rtrto.' 
INIO, ynl. vii. JLllt. 

»'' Vtr(«il''l!i<>^ Animal* ■ri'l I*]iinl* 

iihI B{»7. fit* aIw IMklu uF>i|it-'l'«k^ 
» Far Wuricj\ M. Uirlifin) t-^n- 

Ki*!iy. lftS3.i.p»i.jiviii,iv n'iii».-nhftii 

lliD " iiiiupk pritlrui (111 li iimm.* 

m"n\ prfil" ^iKiftinT iriiiJ»i'lo, I'lUod 
" klimil] |n™l^ricMi/ifi|;^'FiiTfillji]tlitj 

«Wfii In ihi' Immi, l^ut P^T""'* ■*"" 
tltfie Id tLma in i man vr ]«» rwir 
mvnUoj cundilioira- 


CmAW. 1 



fMrtna* jiirU ol mit lri<div#; for iosUiKv* the mcacle nn thn 
Tofi^hiiilr bj vKU'b lhi> tyirtirowH arc ntitfc^]. Thi< f>{aiifrinn 

fyntein. Trt^i. T^invr, ^^f l-ldmUirizh, lisc (ui-«Mr>iisll)- li^- 
tiTctnip w he inSorms oie, muKiilar Iwi^iculi in nve ililferenl 

-aitoalionr, lumt^'r in iht' nxillo-. ni^r Ihv di^apuljr, Sec, all 
of wblch nitiHt Jn* r^frrri'*! tn li»r trjiit m cif Uk* pinniVu^MM. 
tie htB flbo ahi-wii " Ihai lb# mur^n/ifji ^tffyialif t-r WtniLT^ji 

naiiit, but 111 HnM-ly flUiiHl Xti ihe /nnjiirW^f^, <K^iLrn-i] in IIm» 

fro]jorlJ<in c>f aIkiqI tlirt*^ |icr cctil. iti U|maril of IJUO boJiA;: 
I- nJtk ihnt ih.:a taueciv aJIurd* "an rtCLiienl itliL^trati'^D 
of thr ulAlnfnc^il 1li«t ormstociul aoil fudiirFntdn ^IniHurva 
an wpc^iaUj iinUo 1o variation in amui^nwrt/' 

Supiv f«iv |f«r»oik» hut<^ lli« power of Ti>ntr»cliB^ Uie 
iup^ladal mncrle« <>a Ihcir «^i1|)a: And Xhet^ muHclp« tire 
in A ritmblc And pirtinMy nidimcnlMrj coitditioii. M, A. 
d«9 Catiilulle Ii' - ' ' MJtiiU^ to I114T a curious iivtiner of 

thb )4Mij(-ooiitjj, (<'ti<.'i> or {nhi>Htaii<« of this jKmi>r, 

n,H vtll Eix of it> iiittijuuL diMcli^pmciLt, Mr Liui^ki^ u JumilVt 
in whii'b t'lw TiKiTitxT, t+»" |M>'wfit hfiid "if lb*- faniilj, cuhM, 
whi'B A y<>(ith, |HEch Aevenl h^;ivy books from Iiip hoa'l by 
tbic m<>vrnti-'nl nf the ticAt|i nliaa^; and Ji^ non vrnt:t-ra by 

f^rfij ruling Ibi* fml, HU fntbnr, mictc, gTHiidrmluT* and 
Lfi llin^ chiMri?fi i>c««i>«tt Ib^ Mame power Ut tbt- «amu an- 
Udujil dcf>rw. 'Dub family b<^-aitii: dividi^l uiifltt fp^<'ii' 
tiuDu tfgi) in1» l«n t>niiif'biTt: h> thnt tlif h\-ai\ i>f ib^ nlkovp- 
vi«ntiOKivd bnticli if cotirijn in the prT«-nlh lii-^-rvo ti> the 
iHsd of th« oilier bmnoti. TliU <)iHUnt cnu^n r^mitc* in 
l^oot^i'-r |i»l uf PniiLiT; iind on Uin^j ^i^lct*!! whi^tlkfr h? 
tiM naiJn* fAcully^ iiTjmihliaii'h' cxhibjti^<.l hia p^jwor. 
CUK offers » tcoivd iliu^tntuiu how firTnixIriil may Ih; 
th*- truhMi;!^ ,rni rif m HlfHiluh-tv iiM-loHH f^iralty, pro^iaMy 
d^riiu] fr<*in our r^mnt* w^mi-hnnuin proijoiiilori; *incfl 
mdny iii(^kc>> havo, and freo fitful I ij utv tbt- fjinr*^r. of lttr)^ly 
mutWi^ lli«<ir ■■cdljiiL up ami iIoH-n.'' 

T1i« tfxlrinnic muM^kii vhiHi ^rve to movf* tbo external 
ur, and tiicintriivic mu^ck-?^ which rnr:»vt iht- dilTt-n'ril parts, 
>rr in a radlntentJtry c>>iiditL>>n in man. untl they all b*«lon|;^ 
|*> til* flystFTri of Ibi* panniru/ufi: Ihry nrr oliw) \nriaT4r ia 
'd^rdopnMDl. r-r At Ice*l in fiinctior. [ Iiav^ ncc-n one lo/in 
v}uj ct^tibl drav |)i« wkulu «Hr fonrardfl: other men ran 

« FVf ir TDfUT, ■!■■« 1JC0«4] li'ui. te Uku «ud AAliPfU; 3m, » 

* Sw aijr *XKT*Hii#Q t# li4 &h- 


(E«lh«r «lrli xhv vAnviii* fi>M» ami |j 
anti-Jifrhx, tra^ui and an1i-traf-iH. &c.t 
amtnib vtri-ntrlHi-n ami Aiipimrt Ihr ntt 

poev ttiat ttio ooftilti^'i> of Ih^ ?]i«tl ii-ryft 
lioii» li> tht n<-onniic niTvei bul Mr To>| 
Ipc'itnjc nil H"" kimrtu vviilriK^i* on thin In- 
lh(> rvt^mn] jhi^ll ifi fif no {liMinc^ ijm* 
L^himiwEizFi- liUii oian*,' fir* curioiislv lik^ IJ 
Ih*^ [m>ptr miucfi'd Nre liLi<wt«> but ven 
o^t^d^^" 1 am nUfl iiMurf<l by the keeper* 
OarJetiH tlint fjit»e arLitiiulA newr mm« or 
■Q tliut ili*-y trv 111 iQ (NfuuUv nidimcrktuTJ 
iUoft" <4 mail, u» far a^ fiimlioD tn oonccm 
HrjiitiriU, iiH vti^ll Its l}ir |irop*[ii1^irA of niHD. I 
Uir |M»w<?r of crM'lin>f linir oar*, vn' rnn notl 
llioii^lt I am ro( «ittpnt<f) ullli lliin vlew^ 

txpufcij to ddn^M", and 90 iluhtiic 11 liMifcthcol 
Ibi-ir oirv but little, and Ihuft graiiii«llj/ loi 
mnTing (hem. Thh voiiM be n fiarallel d 
thofct laniL* Ani} licnvy biH*, which* from ia| 

inldtnK iiAVr not bfVD rK|kOAri1 t<i tliiT ilUci 
prpy, nrni hnv<* riiiiAiv|ii(^IIv lost tho powoj 
[vjnff? for tii^-ht, Tin- itiitiiEily to move IhcJ 
ivtrol a)»n* j». hciirrvi»r, (intlly rorajioi] 
:illi ivhid'k tWu run 


Cur. I. 



niJiiTicnt of il in foiinil in Iht* fTctriUs;"*' an-]. a« I bear 
from rnif, I^n^yrt, it v it^jt r«rclv ali»^iil in Uk ni>i^nx 

Thr i><ii'l*nit<-l A'u||>t'ir, Mr- Wi>'^lrH'r, iitfon&i iw of 
(jDt JiiiU- i-H* utiunlir in iIk' p.^lrrnuL t-ar, uliidi lit ltii» ofUii 
fklovrrrd b»tlt in iih-ji mitl w[>iQt<i^ awl *>( wlili-h lip pt^rcphvirl 
th« Enlt AjiniBrflrirf- Hit tttvitlHin m^f Rrvt caU^ to Itiv 
subjv^t whiUl «l work oD bU fiinire <>f Puck, tii wliKti hv 
hit*} ^fiiTu itoiiilml cara* Hh uhh thiiH Uil tn L>xjiiuiTiit %hp 
<iur> t>f viiriouj lDotlk^M'r. aniJ v>iiIih'' 
qurnll.f iKiiur ciirrftilly lHi>^' of nmii. 
Till- ^ii?vtiliiril> n>tf*isl^ Jif 4 liEile 
bluTit jMJiaE. nrfijociiij^ frnm Un* m- 
Vdnilyf-^lln! marinn.or Wii. Wluii 
|>rf'H'ni. il i^ fti-i >-|it[HHl at tiirlli, ntid, 
uc'eorOifti* to Vnti- Ijudwi^ il^T^ff 
mon- rivqucntlj in [itAii 
trdanan. Mr. W'iHt1ii«r ijutk- 
nu^d of on> vuch rdiM;, aod 
tbr nreompAnyinL' 'Inwipj;. 
TliiSt^ jWdU iiol finly I'rojorf iniinntfl 

ofli'fi n lidlc iiL. iih iU )ii>]D«, 

60 ft^ (u U> Tt-i II ih^ lu'fii] n 

*iciri-d rnim dirvctly in fr»i(il «r ^c- 
binil. Thi^y an- laniiliK* in *ijf, anj wiinrwliat in jmsilion, 
[•tiicdinj^ vtlhvf a liltln hif;lu-r or low^f : and thv-y iii^dK't>iiie» 
(H^cnr fin one itiir aiii] iiot nn tla- clhtr. Tliey are »<rt ^(jrifirii-i] 
to mankim], Utr 1 (k>Mf*rviMl n ffliv in onn of IIih KpiiUr- 
wi-'iiV^}** (/l/fW f¥ft:tfriith) in our //HiVn^-ioal (JatiiloDSL an^ 
%1r, I'!, ItikT I^cik'-Atcr wU^mirt mi.- of aM>tlii-r <iiw in a rhim- 
|iArmv ill l\:v j^nrd^'w 9I Ifnitiburg. Tin* hidii (klivin»Kly 
ennpitia of the ♦xtTCfue nmrtrin of thf car folded inwsnlfi; 
jitid lliii f-ildiiu* flipi-ar? lu ljr lu *(>mtf itMiliifr n*mitH.-ted 
with thp uhoK- rxtrrnnl f»r Ni-iiijc |irnTwiLriiily iifi-w^vl hiM'k- 
vnrde- In many m^wk^y^ whirh do noi flarirf bi^h in the 
ufioT, •» IjuIhiak Aod i'nite ttp^t-Ite of macacuft." tie upfAT 
[joi'iitin of tbr mr it MliRhtly iioinied. iind iht* itiHr^in \tt not 
dI jtll ft^ldcH mwnrds: Iwl if the mnr^n wera I0 lu- thui 
fuMrd, a sli^liE poiul litiuld Utft.-^NUiri]) fircjeet imtfLnfs to* 
-lift tUfi i^iilr^^ ami [iruUildy u liitl4> ouiwnrtU friini the 
ilan? r>f tl>r (Ht: iird thin t Mri^v^f to bt^ tht^ir (iri^in in 
man; «»«, f)n Ihe «(lier lianJ, Pruf. L, Ucycr, in an Mc 

M »i- — »; ^.*. Ilitfirt, -KlrifHrk' in ll«wr« Wiim. anJ MitttX't «Ptl- 


|jai|>cr rvccniL; pubbaJied,^' nminUiDi^ that ihd vholo tmo 
LB line of mi'H' mrijiiilit^: urn) ihiiC thr pm^liopH orv oo4 
ri4l oii&». but fire Hnt> in th^* inicrfml ivniU^^ on i<ii<-h flila 
q( the ptiiuL** riut liiivinii; t>tvn fvilly dcTcioi>rd, 1 am quito 
Tf^aily ht ndiiiit tliHt tUi» i* llie L-nrrrrl MjiUuBliuu iti muik.T 
luetAUoea, £t» in tltotc figured bv Trof. Me5«f, iu ulitch 
thLTc art »v«ra1 miiiuti^ |x>ini>^ or th^^ vrhol^ ni>rji:»i ii 
sinuimK, I Iljiti- iii\M-lf WL'ti. tliiuu^'h [he kiutineM vf Dr. 
L. [>own, the <«r ctt a inicnK^pbalovui iilioi, mi nhi^h ihere 
b m projtfcliuii uii tlie ouudd^ of the helix, and »ot on the 
innanl fcldod t^df^ir, •» II14I Lhir4 poinl (sn have no Mnlion to 
a former n[vx of Ibo t*r. NLnt-rtUrk'iM in Bouie ««»«$. my 
ongiMl ^itv. that ttio potnb^ otv v<^i'iffC9 of the lipn of for- 
merly tfnvt jiiid iiuLiiEm t-iin<. Httll «eeni8 tr> nii? [rriilrflhhv I 
think *t} Irora liii? frvqin-nty of thmr occurivntv. an>1 from 
the ^cn^ffl] otrrf>|>f>lidc:ici^ in ptMition willi thni of Ihr hp 
of a poiiMFil oar. \i\ i)TiP oa^^t*, of u'hirh n (thi^ittt^tph hcut 
btvn t^ni iiii'> th<.< pnijt>i.'tiou in ou Ijir^e, thai «ui>i>OAiiig, in 
accorr!nncp wilh \*Tof. Mfvcr's xicw, thr *-nr to be made |>er- 
fe;?t hy Ihi? ei^iiial di'wiopmeitt n( thf> ^nrlilii^ Ihroujfhoiil 

mti»d to tni^. our in North AiriL^nrn. iind 1hi^ ollirr in Hug* 
lindt in whUh thti iim-ct inwjrin it n<-T at all foMi*il in^'anJe, 
but lA puiuted. flo thftt it tUwel/ n.'wmb)tfl the puiiited ear 
of uti ordiDHry 4|i]iidni[ii'i1 in ontlintt. In ckiii* of Ihr^r <-iim«. 
vrhirh na:i thai of n youii); HidrS, the father ojuipart^d th<? 
ear nJth the drawtni^ vhich I hnre gt\rn " jf thf oar of a 
monkey, the C^jiitpifh/t^iin ifi(f^i\ and My* thai Ihi'ii oulliiiea 
atv^ cIoMly sLijiilur- If. m llieiv two rtisrJ, thr iiini^ni hud 
been fohlcd itiwardpn hi the iiinniu] tiiaiiror. an iiiuaid |jro- 
j^ion fnti«t bnvp }>p*»n fnnii*?ri. I may add thul in two 
ottier caeca the outhue atill remainti vomcwhnt jioinlvd* al- 
though till? margin of thi- uprer [lurl nf {he f:ir w nonnnlly 
fnldrd ifiwnrdM — in nut* t\1 them, howtver, very niirrowly. 
The folli^Aini: woodi^ut {Nu^ 3) ia aa nucurate copv nf u 
pholiMEra|jh of ihif fir(u5 of nii oriin^ (kindly M-iit iiir hy 
Dr. Sitsifht'), in lA'hirh it may lu^ nfi^n how (tUTt^rcnt the 
pointed nvitlrne of 1I10 (?ikr it' at Ihi^ iHTjud rii^iii jt^i iididl 
condition. wh«n it Ih'/iib h vlmv pjii-r-il rc?si-ndi!nnii< i'i thnt 
of mar, If U i>vidi*nt t)mt Uw f^jldin^ owr of the lip t>f 
nidi au car, unlcm tt chanx''<l jzn«tly ilunng itH fuiihtir 


HO ■ 

s whole 4'Xt^iiL cf tho mar^n, it would have on^vered fntt^ 
u-third of the nho]v ear. T«'u caws liuve b«n ixniunuui- 



Cfl«r. L 



Un thr whoW. ii utill ptccmn to mt probftbJc that lie podaU 
in ijLit^lLoo arr in M<ttii4> r»>et^ Ixillt io man ami AitM^ tMtligw 

The nklitatin^ nicmbmii-, or third rynlld, with itM ac- 
cf«vinry mrn^lf^ hikI cithpr Klnidurni, is r^pri^inUr wpU ile- 
vvloped in IfirdB, aii<l if^ of much foiicti<>uAl iiiit>orUBi>« to 
Ukui, tf it vau U- iii|mil,v <lTu«m acre™ llw^ tirli{>1v ej^WL 
lit u fotinU ii) Miaiff rr-|aiii<i( ii>c1 Aniiihibisnji, nut] in rvrtajn 
ifialM^, aa m «luirhji. It U UiHv w^ll d^relopod in ikn* (vo 
]i>iitr Ji'itiioriA of llio Hmtsitmliiui wtivH. luimeh, in ilu- 
^uioiHiin-tuvtn iniJ tnonutitaEt. ami iu «oinc Nw of t'h» higher 

iiBftJ», A* in th« valrtia. But in mtixt, tho qufldminfiiia. 

id ntoet othv RUicnmfll^, ii <'\ii;t», cui tf iidmiltcd by all 

latoniMtf* M» « viei« rudimeDt, callod the eejEtilimar Md." 

Tbe tfUM* at BBiell ii4 of the Uik^kmI iinpcirdimt' lo the 

^mvtiT numbvr of moiitiRfllJi — (o Bor^(^ bb ihri nimiiinntfi, 

IE) ttNrnii>£! ihfttx of du)g«r; to otbei?, aa the laniiv^ira. in 

Dn<lrii>> lh*ir prey; to ofhrrn, Ji;niin> ii* iIk- wild Umr, tar 

i>lh iruipofn romMncd. Biil tho ticn^v of fitipII ia of px- 

ixviOKly HUthl (ejflce,it »nj4 «i<itn lo tlie dark coluureO racea 

0.'Skfcin«plauU4>^<tA. ii.p.t1i; 

lii. h fM»; IbbI, m tl« WbI^k < l-nir. 
tiHWft*o'KufakWraih.)e5i «» 
■bo E Kb«/ (ln«l AniMtalil Anal- 


PiiClii ii «oNkeiih*l Uitrrf in ^1V^<■*4 
■111! AuA^ral^aii* Ihiin in KurvbeiuiB, 


<if men, in ffhom it i*" mi:<1i morr lii^^hlv iic'vi^lopwl Umn id 
thi." white «ud civiliwd raore." NL-verlliL-K-ih tl *loe* not 
unrit rheiii of iIhte^it. luir ^iiiJc iKt^iti to jlK*ir fnoil; nor 
i\aea il prtvciil tkt' KA<]uimnux from jjlncping iii Ihc rnopt 
it-M ntmoftjihcTC, nor mflny wivn^ra frvni chIIii^ Imlf-f^utjiJ 
ni^nt, Tn Knrniipflnn ihf [lov^r "iillers ijrivatly in clifl"*.TiTnt 
induiduatf. tl^ I am Ufuuri'il by uu <.'riitiiL'TiL im turn lift vim 
|joiWp,vH'* I]iis M-Tiftf highly riovrlopnl, nnii who hHS att^'mlwl 
to Hh' snhjrd, Thojir wlin hrlipvp in ihi' phnoiplo of ^TarU 
lltl OToKilior. will not rofldily admit tliut Ui^ siiim^ «f Binrll 
in iU |iiT':<L'iit [itulL? w'tiA urigiiiJiUy MCijuinH] hy nicin, hh he 
nnw t'^ivU. flu irihiTJta Wiv p»wer in nn (^nfi'i'hlod and m 
fflt ni<liincn1flrv comlilion, from simw i^flHy pro^i'iiilor, li> 
u'liuiii it viait highly fiLTvioetblp, ami liy vliom it x\n* tMii- 
linuiilly \tt^iM]. In llimic* niiimal* u-hich hrtvr ilii^ sftiiw liighly 
dcviih>]»(:fl, snHi [kfl (log? nnd horftcfl. ihc nxol I action of pi?r- 
fton4 mid i^f pki'i>ii ifi atxiu^ly A-'<!»u<.'i^lL'(1 vxiilj Llu'ir uduur; 
and wo f'an 1Iiuk itorliapA iinth'rcuuct hiut ii iv. av 1>r. 
Mumlflk^y litv truly rtrmnrk<*ih'^' Ihnt thy* Jionp<^ of Mncll in 
ninn '* i* Rin>nilorly ciTcclive in rooalliiig vividly the ideAB 
«iid iinAgt>a «f forgotten ecen<'« and plaoea/' 

Man diffora oi>Hfli<i(^utiUBly frouj nil tfie other Primatcfi 
Jn hniig iilnioAt iijilvt'ch Hill b frw iihort Mni^'^dirig hatrc 
sw» found ov(»r thr grvntpr part nf Ihe body in Iho man» 
and Tno doun nu that of tlif* U'umar- TFii:! dilTcrcnt racvti 
dilTrr tiLiU'h in h.-iiritu-Fv: micl Iil the individiuiU of Elic ajiiniT 
rnt'p rhw Imin nri' lii^lily vnriuhlj*, not ouXy [n nhntidnnw, 
but lilsewlflc in position: ihup in pomo Kunwonp lliv *<li«ul- 
(Itrni arc t[Uili.' liitlcL-d. ^^hilht tii ullii'm llicy lirur llirck lufiH 
of hair.'" Thcrc^ cun \n- liulu douhl thit lh»* \mr^ iIhik 
BCftHi^rrd <*vor fhr body nrr thj* ruHiiTirntfl of the oniforni 
liniry t^iit uf Ihir luwtrr auiiiiAlt. ThJ» \icw it iMud(>jvd alt 
tho more* tircitxiblu, am i1 la kaown that ib^o, ihorl, and t^jiU* 
coloured noiiY on thr liiiih9< iind other pnrt-i of Ihr hody, 
ucfiijiiiinAlly hor-mno devehip'-d into "lhj(*k*H, hiiig. ant\ 

■iTh« ft.K«um. Eifrfin hy ]l\nv\-*AAt 
uf lliv |*jwiir ot wiii'll ii.i**ishh| b* 
lli0 njLti**" of ^}4ll; Ara'^K'v it ti*il 

titlmm- M, llnLiiiiiu rfimliv *iif l» 
FmruUi'* H"iJL<ili''\'<l'4'MUiin, v 1*iT3» n 
Vlf •nh'Tta tli«t Ike npaiLiMlr niiJe 
fjiprrlinvnu. aikE pra%«i>t thul fCfffrw* 

in l*<ii Jftrli li> (heir 'xUurf Vt- W 
llf Id hi* nudL- *amv ourtniin b>>tavTVft 
Uov* on Uh' t'jjrtnh^iiifi rri^ltfwn ibr 

Cvrr af Hn^kL fiJ ittP fdltivnn^ nml- 

c>rt|ii? liuily. J IkBxr. l!jvrFfurtMtH>krn 
id Oik icur of Uir^ ^IdtTi fiJnkuri^l raiv* 
litvinf b Hn*^ n-piin fil" ■i[L^1l liidO ih* 

nrUici.L'Ifriil »m I^HH, i> 114 

■ K^:l>rij*hl,t<'l'i'tirir. KirliiiriiB Jur 
liiuiv *«i iiit'n>4'Mi»'4i'n K/ippnT/Uhl 
Inr'pi An-liiv fiir Anil, umi Hiyfc' 
1NTT. It- 47- I'-KnJl 4t^i' t'n'-'' U*ti^l 
b.1 iLi* *uFj *.-\irtiiu* p«p<r 






f(int«p ihrk luiir«." vhen aboonnalljr nourialiiMl near 
iiklMtUndirx tiifliiiBiHt Hiirroi*.-*."* 

1 am inforcicil Uy hir Juiih« F)m<4 that oftcti Mtcrtl 
bJi^uiUri* i>r ■ rimih Jidti> fl firu luJis iu ttieir «iretirviiri^ 
■nic^oh Utftger Ihso tli^ oilimi: mi th^l ^vcti llib vIi^IlI ptf^iil- 
■inritT Mrm* lo b^ inhi-rik-ti, Th™* liain, too, w^tn to havo 
1^ ' ' : ' . for in Ihc rhimiianfirp ahi) in tTrtoia 

u j-.-^iUt: Iruu t^K' uuk.-iJ ■■ki:i iiUnt- lla- oyce, ami <or- 

hntry «ov«ring of llw m|wrriliiry rif^gsu ia i^oiw hu- 

Thi- Uni- ucioMiki' hnir, or Mi-uilltJ b[}U)rn> with vhk'h 
Iho liatiian UitiKtf tluung Ihi^ ^cth nvytiXh u llit<^klv 4^trrrix!, 
lofTu^ a niort curious cub(% It U lint deido^-rJ. <Ii.irin^ the 
Bflli umntli, ciD llir ■■ti'brovks Btiil Wv, mid nfrjvtmlK hjuiiO 
tJ)» ciioiith, «biirp it iv mtidi Jonifor than thai nti ihu hvni\. 
A nM/iietttcho i>r t}ii« kind wm olecn^^^ by K^chrkhl " on 
ji fnmir Tu-Iia: liiil Uiix is timl M> viij-priBiiif a i'jii-uTK?tjiiiv 
a» it iiLiy »l fifit n|}ptiir, for ih** two sfxi* (riTi^mUy riTW»iii- 
LEf rjdi <4lirr Ju nil eilrri^al cfinrarU'r* iJuriTi*; nri caily 

IientiJ of imruih Thv i]ir<^iii>rk nml vrrnfi^-'irK-nc rjf lliv 
\airt 4^11 all pirU -^f Thi? f<i tul ho'^iy nrv tlie cuitiH- ux in tbo 
xLih, I'll! nrp Hulijpct t<» muHi vamMlity, Thi? wliulr lur- 
ficr. iiul'jdin^ vwd llif rurt'lii-ml atiJ t^r^. Ik lliut^ llilikly 
cktIiW; ttuL it 11 a fti;niificnnt fact tlmt the t^flliiu of the 
hsiuU and the iok« of the fict nrr tjuitc nnK(.<iJ, Like the 
Inferior Hiirfw^w of all frwr extrcnuiii*? in mnai of Ihi^ lower 
■ mmalB. Aa lli»fi <An harJIr tw an acciiiiuUl <.iii:4'Mltiioi% 
!)«.> u'u>Uy «irrriujc of the fcstna probably rc-inn^wiit* the 
' -im-tit i^iiil nf hnir in thwe tiiAmmaTd w)iii?li ar« 
11^'. Thr«^ or foxir oui-^ hav^ b^on rcr^rdvd uf pt^r- 
a-fiif lK-r(] i*jlh thtir uliuli' IhhIh* mt*^ fim-* tliic'kly toi- 
criM niih flrir Innjf liain:; tin<1 this tlraii^« ci>T)ditii^n is 
I«ir<-itjj7ty ifib<*nt(Kli ami U corretnlcd wiUb an abnoruijil cim- 
ilrliritv i>f tlic tiYtIt/' Pnif. Wvx. HrnD^t ioromtsi iti4* thut 
he \ia» mtnpah*il llir luir frnm the fucf* of ii ninn thus char- 
ftrtrriiUMl, tififd ilxmy-^T'?, with tlie laikn^u of a fuHun. and 
Jludfi it <|Lil« f^iuiilax in lenlure: tbt*n?f"iriv av hi- ri'iiwck*, 
lh*» r^w mny T«> attrfbiiltHl to un nrrp.;! of rl^-flli^pmi'nt in 
tht hjiir, tojrcihpr willi its ci>ntiniied irrualh. SJnuv deli- 

«> Piwrt ■ iMlvn on Sfit|r>r«l IV 


. r Anijnl- 

il f. W7- iVnf A to*. Brtntll hm f 

tatX*t it-^ Kia. Ix^rti iu Ku>MD,niih| 
lhn> f4«i|lkriijii«. 1 hiva nnifnl 

"and onn^'; nnd tnpy rii 
EitU' uii^a, liit^y do nut lut Ihrou^li lli] 
LliL- »vf<nlrr]ttl] jnir, ninl I liHvr Im'i'Ii nttst 
Pitiuh nic>r« lidljlLt to dJTuy, anfl niv 4ij:rLl 
other li^dli; liul \W\h h Uiiiictl l>y M^me 
Th<?y nn* rt[»o riiiirli irjurt- liiil>lr tn v*iry, 
ami in %ho pcnoii of tln'ir ili^-vHopraoTitJ 
tvoth/* In tht Mekaiun ruL^n. o» lliir 
itifldum-t«»t*1h ntv uwiiully furriinla-il witFil 
Ftnga, ftnd arc generally «ound; thny also 
other mcjlar* in &ue» lew rhau in llit- Ci 
Vrtd. Si-h.iJitTkui»<r'ii lu'cfiunt* f«r Ihi* dil 
tilt* roc« bj " tJif p<i6tcrir»r dniliil f>f»rti*>n o 
ahiJijH sliurti'jK'd ' in Uump (Iml nn- rivilii 
»hort«ii]ng niuy, I prcfiiTnt-, W iittnljurnd li 
habitiieJly f««!ini; on soft, tDokt-J f»od. nuJ t 
jflw's lr», I jitTi infunuiil hy Mr Brwcr thai 
cjuitw El cODimon ^irairUce in thf> Ftiit^d St 
wiiic of l]ic muliir tLvth uf cbilUr^ii. aa lUi 
i^Tim ]nriii> irpough for Uiv pvrf^cH dt^vt'lrtpmi 

With ri'rtprcl fn ihc nlimriitnry i^nimK l 
nil [if'fjium *5f iwlv fl singli" ni^liniPiit, n.impfy 
flpf.iC'TiJit^ iif t)LO oa'cuiii. Tlu.' co-'cum i& a 
rrrtiriilum of ih<' infpilim', i-iidiug in n ni 
extrem*lv lonp in many of Ih^ lower vi'pcUhli 
ma.]*. Tn tht^ manuplal k<m1a il b acltulty m 
i9a long HA Ihp vlirlp ImwIj." 1( is H>[iit*tiina 
1ft long gnduaJk-tap^ric;- poirt, and ifl t 


Cup. L 



•tnctcd in jmris II apfoaK u if, in (y)nKqiii>Dro of cftiui£ft1 
dtct or lubiU. IK4> <iiv»ib hml fvrcufiif inui:b #hoiienrtl in 
nrioitK an»nwls iAii> vi?Trnifrinn a |ipi>fir1jtpf bring kft aa a 
nHttTiM*iit of Uk" 8horli?ii«<i purl. 'Hutl th» npiwadii^ u 
* rudimrrt, ttr niaj iiifrr from iU fnijill ^rji^, and fnon Ibi- 
FV)rVi>ri* whirh I'mf, r»npurini ■' hftt <yfll*^io<l ty( iu tmrift- 
KitifT in iii4n- ll ift ort^jjioflttlly quite flWnl, or ^i^in i« 
lirv^'lv dcveldpeJ. The i-dEbnjci- i* eu)fiiHilDi» completely 
rlr*«( frir ImH f>T t»fi.thmU ftf its IpOi'th, »iih ilio rortiiiiml 
|>flTl confishn^ Qf A flflttcivcd f<»lirl ^xiwn^Hri^D. In tli« oriD£ 
ihid apiJctid^ce u Ion;; mul crrn^oludxl: in iiuin it at'tAi^ fnwt 
IhiT ma at the Abort cn-cum, and U cammonly from f^ur Vi 
liTi* inches in IcOffUi, f>riiv only about the third of an inch 
id (liaii>et«f< \ut unly in it ufirlm, \mi it Ia Mintftimtv tlie 
t«u»« of d«4lh, of which fart I Iinrr UlHy ftrard two in- 
fdiocfv: this H diK^ to Fmnfl lt«rtl b»dii^?^> piuIi as eccds. cn- 
tn-ing the pWH^. Hiid rM[i.<(iii^' i[itfniiiiiMLi<m.*' 

Ill «cino of ttii* h)ntvT Qiudrunuinji, in 1h« LfMnuririJD 
nnd ("omiviin, n^ urll an in niADT mnr^upiitls, Jhcrc »* a pn*- 
«iA^- iw*r lli»* Imwi't vin\ "f tlif* liiiiiu'iHT-, i-alltd ih?" Nti|ij«^ 
('indyloid r'>rnmrii. Ihrct(i;-h nhn'ii Ihe pmil m^r^ of lh« 
forr Umb 0nd often iht icivat ■rt4>ry !>««, Now itt the 
Ijuini-rm of inen. lli«-ic is ^mmlh' i tra<-p of this psnsii^, 
vliidi i< wtrn^^imn fairly urll d^colojiod, Mnx. formed by a 
tlvprMin^ lux^k-likc Tiri^:o«j« of Ifonc, compkrM br n lion*i oF 
1i^iii4-n1. I>r Striilti*'n4,'^ ulio hu^ i'hi4i>1v nllcnuli^d ti> the 
tuKjrvt. Iitfs r<*»r fihrwn thul thiw T'^'t'uh*nty t* Honiot j nieu in 
brnti<d,A< it hnh r<ti]frrd in n fnthf<r,nnd in n^ Irii^ tb^ri four 
onl of hi* pi*Trf»ri i-blV^r^'T| W^ht prffcrni, thf jm*Ht nfrvn 
tntarahly t^ffws through if^ atirl lliijii deuriy iikIkuIis that 
it i» the hoiiiolofriic an^ fudiinent *>f Ihc supm-^^ondylriid 
fojvmon of th* Iw^r nninials. Prof. Tumir rt^tjniHii^, rnt 
h« inforiM m^, thai it occurs in alonl one per cent, of 
mcT-nl rkpli-toirfv Hut if thfr nt^cMnimml dcvtlu^iiiciit of lliia 
tiructun? in man U, as w^mf prohsiMt*, dui^ to rp-vf>r«ion, it 
i^ a rclunt to a Tcry unj irnt Btatc of tilings, hoca^iso in tho 
hi^hrr Qiavdntmana it ih aItm rl. 

•• I ipii rnTiroK*!, nixi llif Ai^t Dnnto- 
ihWi Ahn ilrvv Ji1I'iTi(i"n U- Xh\fi \itru\- 
1*1 *lri)Hii<r \n ihdh; h^ bii ^ Cf^l 

■Ifi tri Inithwipni w-t'tv'tt tfli iJiifl pro- 
cw l-y Pr (iTul^r^Jn tht -Bullpen 
il4 t'AiHil tTrif' 'k Si. P^U-RtUuiirL'.* 

'»ilc^cTi>rl in th« 'CimoUdr^ du Sot 
(irrtli> (if OrtTiny, fhc t^'ntt'iiTt of wj 
Bn>nT' ppTioi!, ak numv tif* t-i^hl tiu] 
were pcrforalt^d; but this cilnioi 
Ihinkti. mi[;lii hi' liue lo the cuv»^rn 
'fnmilv mult/ Aj^ni, H. Dupcmt 
of ppr^onitfd hon<* in ihc <Tttvcn of tli 
Ifelrmgtiif: iti (W Rriiulwr iicnodi w1 
*orl of titflrtti/t At Arifc^louif, obaenrpf! 
tfl bo prrfirntcd; *nd M. I'mncr-Hvj 
fvni. in tlu' »<iriir* lYiridjIinn in buntv 
should \i be Ml unriolicofl thai M, V 
IHw rnndihon if cf-mmnn in iJujinobe 
inrm'^liii^' f»rt lh«i nrinftit rim-ii, in 
Pises mow freqiierlly pr^ippnt pinion 
lh<-it(> -jf Iht* lower amowlei tliau do tbe 
iiiuw <ti-nui \i\ W ihnt tb<' iirni-nt ni 
nctirrr in the bug line oi doec«nt to 1 
lilcf progvnitom. 1 

Id niHfi. thv oM 4HM-eyic, 1of*olhcr will 
bnc htn?afUr to he rfo«cnbcr), Ihoi^b I 
phiiify ri-[>re»<'hl ibiA jr^rl Id Mur vtf 
an p»rly i>iiili?}onir f>criod it ii fret, » 
lUc lonif cxtrrmitirt: *■ rnur )m* *prn * 
L) iif A hLiirkJiii f-itilino. K\i'ii lifter hirl 
in oiBnaia rare and anomaloiu ctAts.", 

naO- Siu* lAIT. b 110.. 


CiMtk L 




t^ffiMl rudiment nf n toil. T\w os rocn-x in rfiori, iimullr 
i»i.-tv(linj> i>»lj four vert«brv. all nnchyinonl tti^pthfT: anil 
tJws*? >n> in * mrliPTeniirv roorlitvvn. Im thpj consvt, witb, 
th«^ii*'-p1iori "f th4' hnnil oni*, of th"^ rent rum ai*>n<H" Th< 

Jir** fiirtii4i«d vritfl »»iic btrukll lUiiFtrln; ctnr c>f irliif*?i, hi 

1)\ 'nif»|y M Q rudim*-nUn' rrpotHion of tin: cxti-nMir of 
|Im< Util. « iiiiuck which is tut Ur^v\y 4l«veiv|HM] in 

llii' fr|iitiAl cjivl ill DUin rxtfntb only t» fir Hownwai 
At Ihi- liifl flninHtl ir Cni lumbar wrtHnn; hnl n Ihrmr}-!)] 
viruritim (Ihn /ffum fn^ijviif^) nin^ down th<? fixin of Ihe 
iftcn\ |iari «ff IliP Hpiiifll c«tial, aikI rvi'D 4lnii;f tlic Wk i>f 
tJw ct<rv:-ral hr>nn. Tbij upjHTf |«rt nf thi» fltami-nl, » 
IV^f. Tumrr inftirm eti^, ifi iin^oiibt^lr hnmologtiofi irilh 
ti»c fpisaE roni; but llic lover port a|»|Airvtitly tonai 
uw-ivlj itt tW juiu RKi/«r. or T**cuijir iov''T*iinK mi'mbni 
iLttn in thi« cit**» Vw ni cotttx may Iw tJiid In no«fVia «, 
ti-Hb^f' of ^ imporl-artt a ftmcture as the «]>iiial 4i>ra. thou^b 

Tin 1i>ri]Set rncJineil uilliifi a hiMty [-aiifll. Tliv f(illnwiii>! friit. 

fir which I am al#o indr^Hcd to I'rof. Tumtr, thnw* how 
clo#cly Ihe « coccyx coiT«j»(>nd* with Ihc tnic taJJ in lh« 
Wrr nnitnalB! T^tiH^ikn hnn nxviilly diiicMrenfil n1 Ih^- ei- 
[jTBiity of thfi ciwvydt'oJ br^m* u vitry (i^^uiiar 4?j)nvoIulul 
body, whk-b ja tfjiiliiiuous U'ilb tin.* iiiiJdK' tUL-rnl artery; 
mid lliTi iliMf^Trrr M Kntaa- mid Mi-yt^r in t-xumjnc Ihc 
Inil of a nionii<T OfamctiFi), ntid i^f n («t, ir both i^f whirh 
Uiey f'luiiil a niiiiiturly tvnvoLutrd IxkK. Umiu^Ii wA at l]ja 

The rcpro*l»ctiiic ev«tcm ofTcTs vfln<*na nidimcnUiry 
blru(!ttirt3i: but tlii^^ tlifTi'r in uul' ijii|mrl»nt i'L'Hpei.'t ft^*iis 
l\w f'jrt^t>in^ cnM«. l!(»n; ve an- iiqI <vinccnivfl wilb Ito 
Tr*li(r^ of a pflH which doc» nol bclonj: to the i^pcrica in an 
i^dlcirnt (tatc, liiit wilh s iiart ^ITIHi>nt in the vnc f^t. iind 
n*pn44fnlcO in lh« uthi-r by a inert rudim^tit. XcvprtbO' 
U-w. the ■ ■ ■ cf #iich mdimpnl* i* an <!iHkult to e^- 

pljiin, oil if lh^ -I'lHirrtEi' <-ri*Rtior of 4virh aj>cc]4-p, 

aa in th^ - <*p».t. n-.'ivaf!(»r 1 ihnll hnv* lo rwrur 

ti» Ihcur ' find fhall *hru thjii Ihcir pre«cncc (fim- 

i-raMj ilqu-rd* nn'iily rn irhoTitnnri', Mini a, nti [ifliU ao 
i)uim) br <iQy #*>x havirij: bp^^ii I'^HiHlly truiisiniitt'd ti> Iho 
otJicr f will in this pkci^ i^^nlj (ri^c lomc inBtonrnfi <it nuch 
nfttimcntK It in well knnvii [lint in the iiiaka of oil idodi* 

«• Ova, * Oft th* JiUnr* of UmW lUa, (. til 

Tfiiiou ot ifiii orgin, *nd his r* 

ill Ur- cAse oi those mammBli in vhio 
tiifiirrHti^ for in the irMli-n nf rli<- 
bilufdJ**," Some othor rmlimimlrtl 
to the rT'|:imdudiYc «j>ti:M lui^'li! lia^ 
The t>enriiiff cif the ihroe j^reflf oh 
U uiLDiMtakciblcw But it wniild Ire 
citpitLilutv the Lin^ of nr^iimi'nt ^iipn 

?1ii of SpMies/ Tlio Ikomolopcal (*(tn1 
ramc in the roem1>er» of thr^ ^iiio < N 
Ritniil tht^ir dnuvzil fn^in n mnmtimi 
thth their eubi^oquont ada|>ljition to 
Oc any other view, thi.- nimilarilT i>f' 
lijind nf n nijin nr mniikrv, Ifir fiHit o 
of a (i>al, tho W[n;f of a 1>at. fto,, U i 
II iH UQ fcitiiHfic rxptaimiioii t'j jimei 
Ih^oti frjrmisl mi thv- nmv Uiviil plun. 


tu'liiiir.'iiVrjr ^-vn^ |( feTBrUhli tn Je- 
Aibjof VprltfiTir»b«.it^iL.fcii pp.aTAi,<T0k 

In Duv 4tA ^ 

ly, lh» |« 
of the mi 
pihL'' la 
|4IU 4r1tk 
»i»h V Ih 
^x. which 



Cui^ L 



vclf>pQieot« v« i«n dunrly uiulf^iAiti), on IIk« pnnci^u of 
rarulioD BDptrvGtLice AT .1 i ' ' ' < i ': hh prriod, atuI 
'ing luhrrilvd irt 4 tnrn - <■ if jh lljflt Irn- 

rO« ol vomi(*rfn^l^ dLifi-ri'iiL i'trmi. .^^.I'uld aLlII n'Utn, 
or ]c«i perfect!}, ih** *'!nwlurr of thrir oininntj |*ri>' 
iiitor. So ctliPT . I n \tMv* ov<T U*rn pivi'Ti of Ibo 

rinr>dI''U' fiwl tini! '\"»fl <'f a niuri, 'l'>jc» wfll, Iwt. 

^rlilr, dc^, (sn at tlrft lunlK \k lUMin^nMiM frutn rmJi 
i»er. in order lo xtnilvntlutid Ihc ^liiimcv i>f rmtinirnUiry 
109. wt baT« only to M^f^poM th«t « forratY profftnilm 
>Mi!d the tiirU in qaoaliOD iu « perfect ctatu^ intl thul 
inO^r dianpji] Imliili «f life ih'^y bCiMtot ^nst\y rvduri<d, 
\ihtn from AJihrIc iluufr-, or tbroj^jt tUv latural lU-^U'cti^ii 
if l)i(Mr iQilividinb wlijch wt-rc l^«l cnrTiiiiilR'r^ii ■«illi a 
ip^r^Qouft |ttil, aided b> tb« other m^ans prtvLou^lr Indi- 
Thufi wi> vmu i]iid«nUni1 h<^w it Ivk mtno tti imv* llmt 
and lit other Tert«4^n1r jriiriuU Iictc bf*-n «?riii>itru(-liMl 
Minu ^ixre) Tmiikl. vhy i'in-y [toni tlirju^'fi (Kl^ ■"citjo 

»lHfC(^ lit llirVi^luptllt-flt, aiKl whv ll)i?> rtlilLII I'LTtlllU 

»dii»«iits m coninwTt, Con^'i^upnUv uv oujitit fnukly to 
rlmit tbcir comuianit}' of dc»crat; 10 imk^ nnj Qihcr vkv, 
tu silmjl Lhkl i>ur njtn felnittun.', and ttidt of ttW tlii* aiii- 
■roviid vu, It a jtAtK anart: Uid to enlnip our Jud^mfuL 
'faifl contjuflion » Endtl); >{rcn^thciinl, if vo \oo\i lf> Uic 
>idWtv (if tb^- whi.'le uniiiMl ^rk^y ami coiuid«T llie v\i- 
kcv derix^ fr-m th^r afHrntift* or «lfts&i£caiiun, iUcit 
iphk^l <ii 
our :uixirji 

mf t<)ipiu\hpn iJecUre that tbev u-ere deowiuM from detiu- 
[odf. MlutU \fa4a 110 lo demur to lUia Ki[ik.iuni>ii. But tto 
im*r «ill befortr long <i>uie, whi-a U »'iU ho lliiiujrht voo- 
Ifrfol that naluralijAt, vho nvrv wHI ne^uainted witJi the 
;i~^mpani1ivc Ftructurc and dcvflopBic&t of man, au'i otbur 
iiAcmmIri, Khiiuld U»\e Wliem) that «idi wiu iJw wurii of 
wprate ad of creittion. 

' \% mill thnl irrDisiiiicfi vliich Toadtf 



^ VSS ?aH-«XT OF KA2L Fur L 

-k ■ x.N^''* .V ,>» ^..■i^'^lFVT Of KaX FVOM SOKI 

. ^ . N '*- * 3 £N < Birj T"in rJTrftTTrninff 
v*^.fc ^ TV -^-^w^s: w ABM iiivri^'fiBto— Ar- 

-.-.^^ X. * ^^ ..\-^«^h£^^ «:«'d«4^BlI'-^■kni- 

\. ' .^' > -*,'• *-\vvt to much Tiria- 

N I -■ .* s ' : s-"v TTKV ire quite alike. 

*^ ■ - ' ■ ■. * .*\-,>> A-r: :^h will be dUtinct. 

' .' . ^ ' ■ - vTS'^v m the pro- 

- ' - '^ v*ir:s of the body; 

^ ■ ■ -^ . . ^ .- ■ •■ '. r- i'.*:ii:airtl ^kull, 

■' ' ' ' ^ VN ", i.'.,\i^ vtn theiv is 

^ 1.*. , I. , . ^ *. . '■'■\:^ \yi i]w same 

■'^ ' ** ^ - . ... V .' ..i ^"}. S^yth Aus- 

' ' * vK ^ "\' ' "^ "■.■^: ?"^ hj^^mopene- 

' *'''^ * ' .,'- ,<v iv\ \-i (*:ii>ienoe '' 

^.' , -"'■-'I'O ,i» arva as 

', "' -i. :'.si:::\s mo that 

A'- -^s \v. the fefl- 

V- . ■ * -,r.\ -^. aHnornia) 

'« ,■ .." 0,^,^1 *vi;r^* pre- 

.1 , '■■* * . -A *.;' .i/'i- '.''rv.< iHiv^e of 

"" '■" "''^ '- '-•-'^ •■■y l^v; r.:T;..-v • -r,.; ;.- Iv .;rM'v alik^ 
m »r,v .«„ ..y, ..f ,.f., ,„=..-. .;.,i :., ,.,;,., r-, ^^y\^u^^ 

U. ' '^' „,. .,i,=.. ,1..; ;,,.. ,„.„.,, ,. -vrf.-rminc 

••m-ftm.' („...,viM,„„ „.u„ ,,„,»,. v.,,, ,.,.^!:s^i i„ „,;. 


.A , " 




*'n » 

■■ 1 


.= - ' 

\ ■ 


■ *' "- ?• 





".■^ '' 

.^" ^ 1 




* '■ 

■ ,' 

." -*" 

, L- V 










Irp ' 

'h'i V 


f *^ ' 



■'t\' . 

,": .\ 



_ ^ 


ti 1 



> ^llV 

i "' 

Di^l ir-] 


Ciur. IL 

HA3INBB OF DrrBi^iPHic?rr. 



rcinljiKf vitli tli^ wvpta] rirrintirin*- Mr J, Wood htt f«>- 
conUd * lh< occurwicv of tf^S mMfrulBr vunaUoiui id thirtv- 
U3t «til>Jc<t«, ■Od in anothrr -rt of Ibo uttup uuiei!«t nt> Uv^ 
than r.AS ■ i->' fti>piirrtnfe on boUi fiid«* of Ihu 

t"*^v t>iiir,: 1 M ftiK", In (hff 1u4 fti-i, n«| om* 

h^Ij oat i^f iJ;L Untrlt'iiix 11/ > iiilulU iinnijtiji m 

r1»-'fitrt!m'* fn-tm (?ir KtiiTiiijirii i .j* of ihr tiiuwtlliir 

< 4DaLoELUCaJ \v\i UK^k*.' A Kin^lf- Wiy prv- 
^^ joniiuiry DumWr of tv»'nl}-t1v^ rlltJhrni a)f- 

itonulit]«4. Tlir AitiJP tniwd^' ii^mofmittf vnriiM in mnny 
jf: thiw Prof. UuvliBtcr dnKTiUu ' no live than tKirn^ 

Tb0 fuuidiu old doototiuM, WolfT,' iii«i^j4 1h>t the In- 
tcnul vwxTft arc more vtriabfe tlun Uic rxtmial wula: 

kvmin^'tiM. Hu hiu i*fni frrittrn n tn^tiu- on 1h<^ ^hmrc 
of lypkil rmripW of tbc Ti*t«ra for MjirewnlAt]":!. A 
difniwkwt nn llii.* Lmu^idenl of Ihr tivirr. Iudji:*. kidEK'}':^, 
k*^, tA of the hitman f^J» dirinc. »oui>d* ulnDji? in onr 
The raristrilily or dir^nity of th? mental fdkculti«« (n 
of tbv iMiiKT nitr, oot tfl mention Ihi* ^roitrr difffuvnonc 
tvrm tfae tnrn of dliitinct rMv*, if h> notonoui that ni>t 
's word np^l li<m> lie aiid So it Is with the Vyw^r anJinitk 
AU wLo hflvv hod cbdfK« of cuctiaKcriM >diitit Ibia fac*, und 
w fvr it jilaEiiljr in f^cir ilo^ ind olbi^r dotimlir iiniiTLnK 
8r«liirt «|ioHiiny intieli iteit Mck Individnjil monkey of 
'1) 111 kt<[i| Uaic in ;Vincft had it^ o-bu paxtlliur 
• I vnd ti'tri|v-t- Itp itientinikf (iiLr kiUviEi rrmirlc- 

n\\H^ for itH ht^h inl^h^r^nr^; and Ihr kcx^fc-n; in the Zoo- 
K'prul OardiTfi:! i^-itttd oul to mo a m'^^Eikt^j, bdonpn^ to 
thr ^vw World diiri«^on. H}Ual!y rc-iititrkahb' fi>r incefli^eiire. 
BfTifi^rer, aUo, ir '^- ■ -^ 'hp div<Trei1y in Uic iwh^niii menUl 
vhorai-iris nf tlh - of the same spvcim nhKh hr kepi 

in rorflfciuty: ani ^jie' n^irmty. m he nddi^T U pirlly innntr, 
&nd ptaiil/ IhL* r*vaU of Ihr mani^er in «hich ih^y La?e 
It Irvat^ or njumtn]-' 

I haT«« i*1«ovhuTw * MO fnlly dlacHMed Ihp tnihjf^t of 
lohetitatioc, thai 1 nrad hcrv add hardly aaythini-. A pvflter 


JVh. B*2>l Viv.'Mn. r &U ; 

• SRhiik-TLkcrl(>Hn,- IL I. 4. Ab, xT. 
IfMjrrr/fnrriyn- -nn tVirifiw^/ 

Mdct J>Mi)Md«ttbii,' ivL IL ^All 




iv.iirlvr ■( :.i. ■> '.'A\f K\r. o.v'rt::^i *:ih wspect to the 
irA*\>r--s^ v :' z-x ti-.v: :r.:::r:j:, jj »i'!I as of the mo^t 
imi*"'::.:^v V '-.-r. . :< Ts ■::i :vi:\ :""*?. :r. arv of ihe lover ani- 
mal: :':'..'*,;^:', :'-.: iA*.'.^ irv ^^*■.*^ *',;> fl!:'*::jh with resjiect to 
iho \-.:zt-T. S^ -i^ it^jia^^ :* r;^t'-'.:4t '::;flV.i;i*5, their inns- 
n*>?:"*' .< \'\'.:\:i^< :ii .*',:r t?.'4>, h ':>^^_ a>J other doroe^ic 
.ii*;:t\^!* Hi>:*^^> *;>x:a! '^a^'x^ an\ rAVt*. iTecoral inielli- 
j;iti\i\ ^<".;r.i4;^\ \i,l at'.i! jr^W. :i^r.;yr. A^.. ire oertainly tran^- 
n^:::csl \V'.:h v.wii \»,* >^v f:r.-.;!3r f^tvT? \:*, dimi^l e^erv fani- 
\\\ : aiiii ^*^' v..'\x Wv.i'w. :hrv*i:i;h ;!:v a.l^v/,raW idUtur^ of Mr. 
i.ii:!''ii,-'* :'t\ii -^x-w.xi^ whu'h itv.|*l-.iv a w>in<lerfully complex 
r»»Mi*'*TM!^'v. .*f \vx}\ fA^whirf. N*:v.^ |.» W inhontwi; and, 
i^n iho o*^>r ]\\v.\\. ii is tiv ivr^.i*;: that insanity and de- 
tt-ri'^rati^l ii*r;^Ml TMuors likewi?io run in fjimiHes. 

WitIi r*>)4'i: to The i:4u^^ of ^ariaVility, wo are in nil 
t*JM> \iry itii^iTJiu: In*! wi- isn ?^v Th^i in man af in the 
lottir ini:ii:;i!^. t:>'v srand iti some relation To the i\*nditions 
T't Hhiili (,i(!i >]viiof ha^ Uvii i'.\^\v^\l. ihirinc ^^veral pen- 
onnj-'ii*. (v*n:r*Tii'atoi1 nninials ^ary iiior** than those in ft 
iUi\'- •'■t tiaiiirv: n\\y\ x}\\^ is apjviroiu:T ihif to ihe ijiversificd 
atiJ ilianiriii:: natiirx' of ihi' vor'^ii^^^is i* u^^iih Thov havo 
)-i.'r» sii}»j»'ti,"(i. In xhh ri>]^'iT 'Aw i?:'TiT<i^r r-.urs of man 
r<'>»'iiili!'' J<*ii^>iAat(il aiiiiitjil^. aii.! ?;.» ^s» il'.o individuals 
nf rli»' sirnr r.ui", ulion iuluil'riini: ;i *or\ w;.it' una. liki^ thai 
'tf ArmTira. \W ^<v tIio inlhumiv of il;^orMT:o! t<»niliTions 
in Hii' iM^rr rivilisi*.! nauon^; f^ir tho i^vni^xTi^ Ivlnnjring 
T" *lirT'T»'Mt LTJi.tis ..f Tiink, rtn.1 f-'Il.-MiM- dtrToT^'nt .Hvuiia- 
tJi'Ti-. ftn-^iiT 71 ;:ri'jUiT riiii^i" of rhanuTiT ihnn do iho mom- 
Jn-r^i iif J-arlijinms t^aMnn^. liiii rhi* unifi»nniTv i>f sava^ros 
lia-^ i'f(»:"ri U-m r\ji;:;:».Tai^"d. atiil in >i-i\\f lusos vnn Inmily 
li-f ?-aid to »-xi^t.'^ h i>. iirviTt)u'lr>s, ini orr.»r lo s[M*ak of 
niJin, '"v-'n if wr l<n*k only tn ilio i-r^ridilinn?. tn xWiirh he haa 
U'<"]i <\|i'wi]. as '• far ni-Ti' d<itiu'slitaTnl " '= tluin any otln>r 
aniin;d, S.uir >jn«-*' rai-i-!^, sii,[i ,is rln' Anstralian^. arc 
Ti-(1 '-xji'j:^*! to niriro Hivrrsilird condilioTis than aro ntany 
^\»-'-\i-^ whji'fi jinvt' a wiik- ran;:i\ In another aTid Tiiueh 
iii'tn- inijtoptaTit r<'S|ii'it, man diir*'rs w id»^lv from auv striillv 
iF'itiM'^li'ati'd anirnah f'>r Ins hri-i'ilin^' hi^ iiovor Inn;* lnvii 
rorilroljfrl, i-iTbt-r \,y mdhndiuil or nmonscions sokvtion, 

»"'ll.r.-Tliflry fJ.-niii.: mi h.r^ulry 'if ()ir h'*l: nnrmsn hmUn H»nl vis- 

'"» « .'.""" "'"' V '""■'■' ' "'■■'' *»■"■ *'^'' "*'" f^ftli'f ^^ ftli'l mi-llirr vm 

" Mr lUlf- r'-iimrk. i- TU^- Njininil- >|Miio M-in.-^liMi in Imnrtlh iih-1 unuii- 

im -ii. On ,\ijjii/^HT|H,' i-Pi:!, ihhI, il |^ inoni-v .tf rJ]eek.«pmL| iif rn>*lril». Hml 

I VI J, iKiTri ri-'-MM^f fjf III-' TfjfliiUk- '-tth'- r.liljfjtiifi fYTfyrr."* 

»iipr,i' Nj.riih AhmtIhhti tti*ip."rjiH iwo " Kliiini'nl h. 'Tr<"flti*r« on An- 

4il Tlifiii HFin-miillHiiiiilHriii lJi( i^hnpc tlkm[f>|(>^,' £ng. truihliLt I6ft,'i n "05, 

Di^i ■-ri 

I. Google 




Ko c«c« or bodT of men lit* Ijuod «u oorai'WtJflf auljju^tod 
by olW niui. Mt Ihut irTtttiii intlmduflls ffH>u)J bo prv 

(VffTvd, SDf) ihrK tinriili«i'i'ittft?T fcleeli^l. fmrti wititrhour (-1- 

ccllio^ in 1 ' nivtcrv. Nir 'i hq isftkp 

ami female <n inlrntioiijU' '^' ^ttd 

ialcl»d. tfXtvjrt 111 tlip ir«U*ku<»«r in-v* nf i i^n 

icrvftaiikr*; uad m lliitf caw inttii uI>ori^l, &? iiu^ h^-q 

ri|mTtTiK lli«> loT iif airfJiwlMl M-Jn^tivii: fur ii i-i a«»vft<Hl 
tLal luftnj ull nwn w^rv r«n>d m thv vilUgm inluiliiUnl 
bjr Ihf lErvnaiticn ami their UU wirti*. In SjiAns. nUo, a 
fLrriri ijf nrlrrtion vst rotlownl. far it voa Faadcil tltat ^1 
childn'Q hU'^M W <*KBmiii4^ Hhu/llj' afl«r birth: Itt^* aril- 
foriui'O dn*! li^^vroiu bcini; prB«iTf4, Uic oUtf-re l<'fl 1« 

If v«> rottfidvr •!! th<* rx^-* ol nun w tormimg ft 4iBjil« 
■cicft, liU nn^ it '■n-irmon*; but »onit m^iunilc race*, w 
AjoffrinatN aimI I' Etti^f itT) vkI^ ningi*<, h 

■ifl)»)ii_T of ntn iiuy wiih mttr^ iruih t>e i.'t^minrpil mtJi 
of inikty^nninnK fpcctc«, Uns nith tjut of dom^^U- 

Kot onljr (lo«f TftriiUlUj ftpp«*r to W lndac«<) (□ lun 
■dH lltf U»WL-r Abimati Uy IIm MUue i^nn^l caaft«tf, but in 
tiotli Ik* *atr\» fMrl^ of Ui«* IhmI^' vrr flT«i:^fd tn ii iliwlr 
i- -\nnfr ThU bjiff b««ii pmpp<t in f^ich TliII ^Mftil 

i>. . iihd iiujUctat^ttf, Utfit I ttee4 Ikt:^ ouIy rtftx Iv 

L ' ' -' II hail Wva 

UpP4i«i [<*vTLr««i 1 :iJ 

& <T, tlnriy nit huh ,]r^ 

lit ih w VTSU» 1 

B«1.1iilha<L»,i- I- ^.-- -^^niik*. 

TK* |rW 1« ntrryinkair : fri nfucM^iV ••ka. 

714 okc^l «ir ntftew Uh« im v«lth hv Urina, 

T^t* c^Tr^-lfiiBi; L* mil .T, iifJiI" ftbt l«M I 

toit>tiiM<aaflw<iitt«ii»iiiiB h «*ht* 

.J ,GtK>i^lc 

THE liJ&CKNT np MaX. 

Pi»T L 

Iboii totWJ* MonutroifilJis* which irmdnate intf> EliglU 
viimtion?, an? IJKcwwf m puvtWnr in rann ani3 the low«i ani- 

b» riHL'tl For both, uk Ijutj bui-n sIll'WIi L^ Utdon' UvutTr^j)' 
St.-IIilfliri?" In my work i>n the vnriAtion of domestic 
aniinjiU. [ hxv^ nttpmiktfvj io srrnTi^p in n nule faahinn t1ip 
itvrs of varjaUon uriiitrr thi* rdlowm^^ licade: — Tiic iUra?t 
jiud firlinitc- nction of chnngi'fl ronditioTis. ae irxhibH<^d bf 
fill or Drnrlv itll Ihf inrl^vidimls nf th« linin^ 3]>et-iti;^ varying 
ih lli^ ^airif uiunner iind<.'r ttii> eaiiLC oiii-'Uin^atice^H The 
tffeuls of lliL- IwriH-fontiiiuvU uew iir disiiec of pnrl^, Tl»"^ 
t(*ht**uiM of liainoio^fkUH jmrtH, The vnnahility *if mulUjik 

tiart^ <. 'iim 1 10 neati on of ^t>^lh; but of Ihid )ah' 1 have 
uund nu ijood iiifitaTH-u- in Uil* rnitc cif mnii- Tlic- eiT«:U uf 
Uiii rmM-'hunicH] jir<'i.-*iirn of onn mrt on otiolluT: ns of ttitJ 
jHilvb I'll tJit' craiLJiNii of Xhv infaitt in the womb. Arrcitfi 
of dt'VL-'lo|*iai-nt. Kmlinj^ Ut ilir. diininuluiii or sujipixttfion 
tii ["Url* Thf* r*-ii]iTM*umrn'i! of lonjir-loi't churnott^ps ihrougli 
r4'Vi-r»ifm. Anri Inpllv, forroloted varioti>>n. All thf-sc so- 
latlfi^d liLHP 'ilM^b ^'M^i")^v !■■ iKUii uiii] lh<< hitter aiiiiimla: and 
ificitt irf Lhi'iii i<vi-Jk io pItLiilri. [| u'oulii Ll- HU|.<vrl!u'.tus liere 
to (Umiidii rdl <if Ihim; "^ biit AcvcrnI arc ho iinpnrlnnt. that 
llkvjr niiiBl Ih^ Irt'itli^l at t'OTiF^idorublo Tffngth. 

Thf fHritci arfd Dffinitf Action of Charufed Condiliom. — 
*\%U ifl LI moHl iicrph'iitT]^ i^iibjrrt. Tl i^nnnt hv driiti-il thnt 
iIm'Iiti^iF rnndJIJons priduci? some, and occa^i^xialU' n voji' 
t|di'f«M*i I'lTc'ct, on orKBTiiBirfl of all kiudri: and it »v«ms 
Hl ilnl iiriJndJr Uuit if xiiflirir-nl Ifrni^ wrTr ]illciWL*d thJB 
IpriiiM I"' VfM* liivafiahb r«fin|l. But J Imve fniled to obluin 
miliar rt^h'firii tTi fhvi.kur i>f thii4 ooiiclu^inn: and valid rea- 
liftlli M'df !<■' i»rF(i'il nil Hii* olhiT !<idL>. ut li-r»l his tut t\e Llie 
|lllit'irr<rii*>lp* HlrmlLir(4i urc mn^^^rnoii, vhiHi arc adapted 
W( »(ptr ml iPoK Tli[>rp cnn, however, U' no doubt that 
flfA^'ft"^ iviitd^l loiiA iiiiliLri' an iiliiKtst irulollfiili- »ritoiin1 vf 
lltf'iM'HfifW Miriahdilj, tij which thi> wholt^ orfranualion ia 
|li|tt|pi|iil In fnuw di-irri'i^ plaatic. 

Ill Ifiti Uiilliid Hfatfv, »I>0T4> 1,000.000 eoldiam, who 

1< ' 'IllilK 4« III nir 'VirUilctn of AiLlmnlt kl»0 

't , St«> 1-0^ Pluuta Uluicr I>onk4BUi:«lE4ll.' >ol^ U 

. .M'U 111 lh* f'hap till kiitl <iriM W .1 V Ii»r«ni1 

PtiiHint*." l»Jl hii* lult'v il^A^k |»ubhiiliHj t vuluftblh 
■Ma} 'D* rliitliii-nt^ij .liu UitiDiit-,' 

I ItM rlrr^nikKAi A** 11a lafB iiuirh rUw, In l^v 

^1, . .^ >«L ' 





t«l In lli« tide vttr, vn« nifOimml, auO th« dt4iti9 ia 

TwnpdH." frVxn 

it ii proved tbot 

li^ni liiHl " ill* Sur* wh*-rv Ilw [thv^iral ^-tviuiti 

Lb 111 ^fuut BJidAtinr tak^n plaiv. ipil ibi* ^tutr iJ lurlh, 

rliiili LitJtiJift-ji iIh' iiTii:»tn', i^vtii tu «xurt n hiavLihI influ- 

u^ on iJw Hlihin*/' tor inftnn^r, it if oeiAhli«hf4l. " Ihflt 

;i(k-ncv in iht' Wwlem Slat», during ihe if«r» of Kro*tli. 

fmU til |jrmliir« incrrwc nt Biaiun'," Oit thi* iithof KftDiJ, 

ia coriiin tluit with nik>r>, ilivir lif^f tlvlo^v ^'r<iwtli« ai 

trwn " bv ih^ irrvdl itiltt*n>noc lK-tv4>ru thr ^aiurv? of »ul- 

r* Slid fBilvtm 111 lliL* iip;Vi ut tti-iri^ul It'll .tiMl iH^lili'L'ti iimnL" 

lr> |{ A Ufyvh^ I'nilniviMiml Ici in^i-t-rtJiiii ih** iititun* if thu 

•i 14 nrt on hUiIdfi^; I>ii1 hv nrriivd only 

iiiiTK-K. rtml Ihi-r ilirl troC n-blr- !■> rli- 

:lt\ Uio ul^TtcioD of \hv iatid. «Oil. Dor vvi-ii " iii any <t)D- 

■lUn^ drfrrri' " In Itu- abnntUnn^ i>r the ort'il of th*^ rom" 

U aif lifr- T\i'w Iflltrt iHinefuKinii W iliriH-tly oii|*om>i1 to 

il Arhrod 4t by VilicmY^, from tht- Blaliblii>4 of tlie b^ght 

the <ioiiAChpU in iLifforrnl |i«t1» <>f Fntiicr. Whrti vrt 

i;ii|inn* ll»' difTpfvnri-i in >;Intm~4- >M»iwern tin* I'olynfuJiin 

\ttt'- nnJ th<" lo!HT onli-n" vilhin \hv Mm*- lelaiKle, or bt*- 

tW inliulhlutili^ of tl>(.' fertile voIoihl^ 4iv\ tim Tuirn-u 

HifUrnlv rtt ll'i> itatm* ointir]/* or ift^in Ttrtif.vii r]u> 

int nil tlip <uii4rm iird ir<vlrrn Hh<ti(^ <kf ||i<>]r timn* 

rt \ht^ menu* '^f fTitj*ifUni*o *iv mj di^t'reiil. jl Ik 

iiblu to »ti'id liii? conrluiiuTi t!iAl b«]ler futul 

i-umfort iJo )Ditui:nc« Uotiinr. Ilut the prc<t?di[L^ 

ilriurutp Ali«-r liov ihtllridt il 19 tw arrive tl any urn'iin- 

Lidt. 1^ HriLloi> hiiB Ut^ly proved Omt, wilh tW in- 

i^ilanti <vf Britnin, rfeidcnc^ in tnwnji nnd cerlain vc^u- 

iEii>n« luvr ii doK'riuratiiii: infliiriuir on h^igbt: asd lie 

if'.T^ 1]iul Ihr n^iiU U to u i^rtsin vil«nt ]BbofitC*d, «tf >i 

ii-ntiM' Uu: rflM> in the l^nilHi StAf**?i- l)r lS<*tJd<ie fnrlh*-r 

'lii'^tT< tint «tKrnm^r n " miv mitiiini; it*: mriViniiiTii of 

iyni(^l di-vt'loptii^iTt, it ri*<*fi lii|Ehi.irt in eiMtf^ and moral 

^dietlirr oxlirnal 4yinditiuiiifl produce 9T>y oilier dirc*c!t 

Ill HillMj W.I 


i<t<-kifr'ii'nirlur]i ut 
iU lEM7-«*, iv- UI, £«;>« Ut. 


I'lTi-M <»T] hion 1^ not known. It migtit hiTe been expected 
itiul iliiriTi'iiri-H tii climate would hive had 4 mtrlnd infln- 
t'jjn', jiia.-^iiju' Jj u>i the Junga and kidneys ue bion^t into 
aL'tiviiy iiijrlrr a luw tempemure, ind the tiTer and ^dn 
uihlrr :i lii^'Jj Drii'.'" It wae fomierlv thought tlut the colour 
iif thv fikhi ]iTi<] the character of the hair were determined 
Uy ]i<^lii *iT hisLt: and atthou^fh it can hardly be denied that 
Miiiif vth-i-l is iJjtis pro<luced« almost all obaeirere now agree 
lh:il tilt' rrTi'ct Uoiy Utn vi-tt Bioall, eTfiH after exposure 
iluniii: nijitiy ii<.'t-^- Uut this eubjeot will be more propertT 
i]i>i iis^nl nhvn \vi' treat of the different races of mankind- 
^\ u\i oiii' ilciiiu>tif aikirnala there are grounds for beliering 
IliJit M^li] LHii] ibijkp directly affect the growth of the hair; 
Iml I li:i\i' iioi uii^t with any evidence on this head ia the 
u»M" of num. 

/V^.^ i-f fhr incrfased Use and DtsuM of ParU^ — It ia 
\\v\\ V\.\\\\\\ \\\\\X (L^<^ strengthens the mnficles in the indi- 
II. I ml!. \\\u\ ii>iii]>U<io di^u^, or the destruction of the proper 
II. .\K\ Hruki lis \\ww\. When the eve ia destroyed, the optic 
n. I V .' iil'iru li<'i i*iiii>s ]iirii|ihieri. When an artory is tied, the 
t.thiiil i[iriiiM<-N iiiiTiMSi- iii»t only in diameter, but in the 
llii.l.n^ . \\\\\\ -rrrnuth wt tlii-ir eout:'. When one kidney 
i.<i 1 ■ in hi I fiom ihsi':isi\ ihe other inereascfl in size, and 
«|>>, .lotiLlii vvi>ik HotiiS JniTejse oikly in thioknefis, 
Ui\ \\\ Uw'^U. In'tii .Mrrxiuir :i jrreiner \reif.'ht.-' Different 

,MiM-o^\ ^,iUihiJill> fi'H.iw,il. If'uit to I'hjin^ propor- 

j,,.„. ; Hou yrwi-^ -'r ihr luxly. Thus i( wje ascertained 

I. \\„ \ iuu,\ si^Hi"- t Commission " ilint the leps of the 
.-.,!.,♦ >iii].t<'i.>l iH 111"' l;ii*' ^^J|^ vnTi' lonirer by 0.517 of an 

i„,i, ij ni.»-.' oi Ml** '..^Kii.T''. iliiMiL'h tlie :*ailors were on 

li.Htu »*i-'ii. "UiNi rlirir Mmw were shorter by 

I ( „,, ;,n \, ^s\u\ ih-i''f"ii\ "111 **f }miportii>n, shorter in 

,,l„^ r. Hun U "I hru^hl This shortness of the arms 

J, .i|.]Mit,(»ili lUu 1." ili.'n ^>ii'nl<M' ii-ie, ;»nil is an unexpected 
f. iiH U\\ '"illi'i ' ihM'U^ iiM" iKi'jr unns iu |nilling. and 
U..I hi , i^tii^Kil Hii.*h<- Wiih s'lilors. the ^irlh of the 

II. h|. 1 Mo .l*'|iM. oi lh.> iiiJrp rtiv jirejjtor, whilst the 

I I Mil* ihi'"l. \\t\\-\. ninl hif>s i^ les.^, than in 


- *■* h.,il.> n0.l>,. ' (I * "I iMh I'l* •^\ ^t^ 1*1. .liiv*^, "rrbtr Jm 

III. . \\ II— I I'll".' -!«..» I" *...l 1 Mir»n.irt,L-tlnMii .iiT Knoolrtn." 
|.,(, I. I .. L ' .1. M*v.. l.rH :". il-^hhlV H.v.llefti. 

-■ I I.'.' f-ii ■>■ 4iiitK.-oo. .- \-t ill. -«' "- ' lik^ r-l>kMilh«ii«/ A^' Uy B. A. 

mt -. i-^k I..L h' Ui l..« ' \ 40«n..1i .'I I.^HL.M, I'^.H^, ^L -JNt, 

Al>t».ri to |l.-|.» 'IkiHilMll,' ItO II 

V"-y. ir-] 


w 1L 



lai-? hvn-ditaf^, if ihv imm*f htkhiU of lift- woi* F<i^iwi><i 
liinnj; nmnv ^cil4-m1i'jRi^ \r> m*\ Luuwn. but it In ^nilmli!*-. 
'itggfr" sifrihi]T(^ ih4- ihiii ti>>r< aivl ilittk armt of iliv 

If Mth their I411TVT rLtrvQii- 

ui . '-.ii^ to ('ma*," iihn livd 

tint ift^^iiiiy nii'l <irxiOTii5 in flt«l-catrhiuf£ (th«r hi^tiMt 

«rt iod ififHn-i k* h^'O'^tiUr^; tlirn^ tn nrnJIj *.nnc'ilimit in it, 

fur ihr M^n of > Li-lt-liralnl iomt-nitHi4<r wrill JitLliii^^uiiJi liim- 

iii, XUitttfih lio kvt liiu fnlhi^r '\n (rhi|ilti<*v()/' )iut in Ihiif 

it ie tiiml4il Afitiludo^ qtiito as niucfi ^ Wlil,T atriKlurr, 

<vu'H In br tiilivrihn]. 1l in iiiM'iinl (hut Ihi* haml* 

II btw'iiriT* ntv nt hiKii br^fitr thii» Ifcikwi* of ;lw 

inU,v.'^ hV'ni tlir corrrhtion wiittli ii-xbti^, aX Xt-^t rii pf>iiie 

i,*" }ietnrv-M llii^ ilwi'litjitiiciil of Iho ivvtmnilin nml fif 

to juwk, U El i>ij«ifiljk tiLAt in lliiMu claivi^ wltkCli do not 

lUrur niiicli niUi llicir liantb ami fiW. iKf jflvs wouM [jc 

lureH in ^[tp fmn-' thia caniw. Tlijit th^y an* gi^nfrelly 

1II1T ID ri'dnftl jmU riviUu^ men thun in Itftnl irrorkin^ 

\rn or MimcH, Ik crriiiTrL Itut with nva^fn, nn Mr. HrrlHTt 

[wncv>r " liM mmariiM^ tho gr*i*t^r no* of Ihr jawH in Hipw- 

iH>fln«. uiK^oolccrl foiy], niiuld aci in & dirrH umnuLT 

innaicntorjr mutclis, ond on Itu' Uhtti^A tn which lliry 

ta^li^U In inrinlf. I^^rif; iMffon^ birth, tito vkin nn tb<> 

Irv Iff tfir- ifvt i» tbifkrr iluii on nny '>lh'^T \*ar\ of Ihc 

rj|v; ^ niu) it nn lianlh tir ili>»blHl ihul IIiU lk dm* Ut 

inlifrii^d p-ffoctM of prrttttire duriuic A lonf; >«rite of geo- 


II i« familiar in i^vry ont^ tlctt uilrhri^ktrs snd eii- 

ivenvrv hahl<*1o brfthf>rt-iti>ftiU-d. uhiUI nn-n livinjf ma^ 

mt »rf <l<jurB. aad wprt'inilj wvojiv?', nrr i:cni<mlh' Unp- 

iS^lttL" Slr^fl-HJ^hl aiwl hin>!-*^i)<h'- 4y<rtaiiil,v tnul to U' 

ihcrikfl*" Th« inferiority of Eiiroi»<»Ans, in oompiriiAii 

tat*, h m. 
V - TU VirlvlkB of Aiilmd* iiii4*r 


t***^. »r IV A. iiiPiiM rftiiiiLift 

y . ..„ .*<i. M., ,.r- *?.. L'.UlUm? 

' ^iii.'T* t«inr 
ir tLf vfwi 



i» of the orgina tkeoiMliw. 
r^mart^d on the large mxc* of Uitr am 
i>t th« AnK^ricfin aborigines, and mrni 
riMiiurkaUy ac-uUr pover of eiiiol). 

FilninR i>f Konhrrn A»i«, Nfi-iinliit^ tt 
ally porfflcl wnnes: ami Prirhnrd h 

111 ^|ily-(|t' vi-l i*i nil w>i] M.--orgHi iH . " 

The itumrhun Indmnft inhabU th<' h 
anil Alcidi' J*Orbif:nv ttalcs " thnt, froi 
[njj^ H lii^lily rHrefteJ ttiinoajthenr, lliey 
and \iiDfii of uxiniordkiiary ilimetiaioiul 
thf lijiii^n »ro \ar^fi and more niimcroiii 
Tht^Ai> nth^rvatu>n>i hoi« bM^n diiiiblmlf 
t'jiMully mcanired manv Aviiiara^, an t 
tlir^ htight of bfttm«!n laoOQ and IV 
fonii* m(»** (hat tJwy differ rnnnpiriioui 
flU dUkt raci.^ ftovn bv him irt 1Il<i ciivm 
of ihdr bihljni. In nis tublt vt mojiMi 
of mdi man in iukva nt LOGO, and IhQr. 
arc r(di]c<^ 1't IIiIh standard. It ia b4 
(ended annfl of IJie Aytuura-t ar** sboiirr 
]W«ii», ftDi! much iituirtor Ihun tbor*' of 
nrc likf»i»r ph^rt^r; nnd they pref^nti 
i7Liti«nty, that in f-vrrry Aymare luaif 
actn^ly ehorlGi tban th» tibia. On aqj 



Cvtr- IL 

MANNKK or [>KVK|^?KK»T. 


at lliv tvfiwT In Ihnr at tlir tiUn ii> IM 9t1 In 9o2: wftiM in 
iwu ICtif^>jwiiiui, iTira^uTHl lit tbe haoic tiiDP. Iht^ fr-murA to 

til V1L Tlif huvivri;i u |jkoiiii£i> thorlfT MAlin^ly l» Uw 
fnrrana Thin ' ' :- of that jmrt of thi? liiut* wlticb ia 
Diural to llir ' itrfi lu Ir-. uti -upp**i4^1 trt mt- by 

Sir FuHm."?*. n i.u>^- 'A K.itJv\x'iiJtalion hi rt'lalioii uitli tli' 

jfi>'aHt ir*frH?»i! Viix-lli uf iIm* Iruiik. 'J'hv Ajnienii^ jirc- 

ilir ['Ktiu t»r Hlrut'lurt*, for iiiHtitiiL-e, 

ihrjr uit^ii arv tn lfat>rou^hJ\ i-vrlim^HM^ii tti their cold 
Bjx'\ I^^Fti hUh.Ii', thnt when fornnriv curriixi iluwii by lilt- 

^ .''< II' :- '- U'V <»Blf<ni pkiD?i. ind vl»en now tempCed 

^■jrtii U iii^j wi^jtH (o thi" /<nl<l-wefthiDirii, they fuffcr n 
rri^lfnl nlP of ntjitliilitj- N*^rrthrU»t* Mr, I-Whp* fiiiin'l 
n few pum faniili>?p wtiieh bad survived diirit^' two i^n^ro- 
^'loafz auil Uc- jiinorfrfl tltat tii*y Mill inhcriUHl thtir rhiir- 
nrli-viiUr [UHD^uinniv^ But it wnc mnTiifrxf, rvpri wilbmt 
i&<«tir<']n<?ni, Xhii tficm peouliaritioi' Iifld all deoTeii&edi 
«ihI oik m^ djumoent. !)iar i»dic« v«tc found rot 1i> k' 
vrj ^IL1I>^ 1 tnn^ti^l *> tlind^ of thft mi^n rin Ihr hi^li tdnlrjiii; 
V I ' ftrnora Itad boco]iit> aom^u ht^t lonirthcnco, oa had 

11.. 1. ..^p».alllii>ij|fli in d Inv di<)£tn*. The aitunl vjcanuit' 
mi-nU ttiaj \v nwn liy ronMiltrig Itr, Forlnii'ii ni^-mair. 
From iWe ofani'vutiooK. Uiciv con, I tJiink, i>i' no doubt thnt 
n^id"-mt- diiriii^ mnny ^jim-rflluinn ^t t\ ^rrnt <"lorniu)n ttnd», 
hn\\i dipc*^;U' Bnd indirfdly. lo irduco mh«nted modificfl- 
Ih^iifi in Ifir ya^y^ifttloivf (if ih* IkmIv." 

AUhiii[|^li tmiri mnv 'mI hiivt* hi-(*n tniirb inndiflrd iltirin^ 
tlir UlL-r fiU|refl *>[ his ey>?t<^noe thniu^di th^ inareae^d or 
d«crt«n'd iisp of pait."". ihe fat-ld irnvr ifiven sljew ihal hw 
lijihilily rn ihii n?*|ft^'t luii: nnl \vt^ t'wt; wad nv ]i[»ititi-1y 
kninr Ihnt th^ rtmc kv holds good wilh the Iniver nnimntii^ 
r. . -liif v,t^y wo ftiav infer Ibal wWu «l a remote rpodi the 
of TU4n wrn? in n tmimition»l riaU\ ai\t\ wure 
ijiLLij^'irii: from 'jiindruTiodi: into hipodii. rAturul Fni^li-ction 
w>>uld probably LaTcr beeti jfreatljf aidi'd hy th^.* iithcrilod 
I'ffrt'tx rif ib«* Tii<-rva«rd or diiniuiihcd tms of the different 
pNrtft r>f thr body. 

jtrrtf' of D*i'fhpmtrtt- — I'hon* ■■ h diff^rvDoe between 
ffrrtrited ilirvtiop merit ond nrrcjftcd t^rowth, for parU m titc 


IOC DKjCEXT of lux Pam l 

f ■■■ ': ■^:a'-e or'-nu* to st^>w whilst still letaiiung their 
•rA7'.\ y* :■,■■::.■- Varioxi* morcftniHtits vooke under thii ±'.\'X s V ^. 0^ 1 cli?ft'U«l4itf, w ksovn to be occasion- 
nV.y :■'.■>"::■■«:. I: will ^uffi** for our ponHMe to refer to 
:':.'. iT^^Tt^l -'::u:v.-Altfvi^topiii^iii ot mttri^vpuloiis idiotfl, u 
■lr'^7:' 1-1 w, V ■^: > ttwmoir." Th«r tkatU are smaller, and 
t:i^' V ivv.lur^i^r.f <<f the bnin are le« I'ODipLe:! than in nor- 
mal r*>:i 1":;* f^*Tlr3l fiDUf^ or ^h^^ f^rojection orer the eje- 
It '^v-i^ ;:; ''^^?>"> 'ietelopfti, aikd the jaws are progniihous 
t- .\:\ " ''=r:y.- r ' dv^nee: ?o that these iJioU somewhat re- 
htiel' !t i':.* i< \^tr '>[.v^ of tiiankiiiJ. Their intelUgeDce, and 
iti'-: -f :h<:r iiu-iual faculties, are eitremelr freeble. They 
i:iiMi>'t iUi,u'rv the |K>w*r of *peevh, and are whollj incapa- 
11-- --t :-ri-I-L:i^4\l anention. but ate much giren to imitation. 
Th'-y arr- ^?r-»i'.^ md iviEiarkablv a\-tiTe« contiDoallr ffoa- 
h"\'.\:\.: un>l jumpiu^ aU^ut. and making grimaceis. Tbej 
*-('xti\ ;i<i*-ii>! <air^ on aU-fi^ur^: and are curiooslj fond of 
ilitiJ'irij u> fiirnirureortree*, Weare ibus reminded of the 
»i*':^-'ir -h'-w w }-\ almifcst aiJ 1».\ts in dinibing trees; and this 
a_a:ii TN-nrr^i^ iit^ bon- IdiiiW and kid^. ori^^inalJy alpine ani- 
tlla!^, 'iirliirlit !<> fn?k on diiy liilbx'k, liowi^ver iuiaU, IdJoU 
al-r. r-'M'ijLf.b' du' li^ttor animaU in s^nui? oiher ie#i»ecf?: thus 
?-v\>Tiil i;l'i-^ are rii>»nW i^f ibeir k',-ir\'fuHy ^melliu^ every 
tu"iirliful "f fii*vl U"for»' oatiritr ir Ono idiot i* described as 
'►ft'ii iiiiiiir lii-f ni'iuih in aid of hU hdiids, whilst hunting 
fur lioe. They are oh\-n lUtliy \n ifieJr hjbilif, and have no 

si-n f de^tni^y: and ^'v,^ral oa^^s have bwn published of 

th'ir Uniir? liviui: reniarkablv hairy.'" 

f!firfrshri.—y[:iny i^t tJie I'a^es to be here iriven. mi^t 

hav.' iH'i-n imn^diic-e<i undi-r the la^^t headinjr. - \Vhen a ?truc- 
Uir<- y ftrresl'-d in if?; di'volopment. but :i|il] eontinues grow- 
int'- "Mlil it (JiiFf'lv re^vnibtes a (■orresih'^ndinir slrueture in 
i'iiuit- hiuf r and adull mf-mlier i»f iho same gnmp^ it may in 
iii»" .-*'(rsH lie r-^nndt-red as a ro^e of ri'Versiiin. The lower 
irii-iiilif'r>i in a ^niup giv€ us somi^ idea how the eommou pro- 
^t-\utitr viiv^ j»rriljahly conf^tnieted; and it is hanUy credible 
thai a i'ijiii|rh'\ j^rt, arrestf^ at an earlv pliose of embryonic 
di'V*']'»[»]rie*iK I'himld iio on growing so a^ ultimately to per^ 

■•■ M-'iii"in' -iir !■* Mi cuter pliali--*,* ob**Tv<0 ihc inil*oile irnrlUn^ their 

■ ■"''7. \-]: :'". ii': l^p'i- ^TI, I "4 iVK toml. Ste. on IIiIa uttne si^bjrot. hdJ 

" I'n'f' Liivi'4H-k ■'TiiPi^ u|> thi-djArao- im the hhmrimK nf idii>li'« Dr. M^iuJa- 

Kriii liml. fikc irllriT- hy rBlliTitf Ui^iu le^v, ■ Hi-ly aikI Mind," 1^70, pp. 4e-5l. 

/i.f'i'i : ' J'lMrNiil "f ^f■'lbtlll Si'ii-iK'!!,* I'liitl huH ul'«o^ivHD 4HtTikiDg nau of 

Jiilv, l*^'^ I'r. SfPPii i''\'\ti- Jtmf nniL hiurinuw in ui idioL 

Di^i ■-ri 


ir. It. 



iU proper funrttoii. utili-s* il hml nrf|uirnl iwrh power 

Li^|Hiu&al or Afrcvlcl J4nicture w*» iK'niul The iiiiuf>l« 
rsin of • mlcrooephnWe idk)4, in h^ ftr n» ii n-tvEiib^-* 

ml of •» tfW. 1M> iti lhi« aefkiC be «*ld to oflrr n COPP "f 

j(iQ." Thrro drr otW ruBn which conr morr HUkllv 

*f*uUrlv ^HfurrtU;!; ld ilii^ E^u^t-r ir]c.'iTit<iTi cf Iho ^rr>;ip U> 
'\iiirh iDflfi Itplniijts, uccAUOuIly iiuikv tli«tr njiiM^arimv in 

lA ibj - VflmrtbMi of AnimtW nn- 

inl-ut»*l U* nn* WfffJ ™r« r«feV ftf 
[Mntumtwtrj i>«inmK la imniDa k' 

1j fr<nn oac n«H. ia vhirh ■ 
c(Afl«nl munim vx<arrrA in 

(|>*I»W- ItHl I (I'M* 

tffmt *•• I>M«in/Miiv.-^ 

^tit vnMrii4 M*^r in 

,AaJ f^lAvtiivfh . thf iiijkniiiir 

Am \kt <MM "mil Lhii* 

111 wttitrir Mtti iluir bJ rvirar- 

t1 villi **«|iu (a I'm |iT\HbAf»]u, 

Itr '30 lliv bpw^ ]. mii'l nf 
ffnrwlf h«i<i ^"^'lM^l iiifrtrmn- 

iWrmlllViT*. 1 1 '* > I'll ^1t 'WL1 
mm hormrLllj fibiv tvd 

■n ■ pjur-ff ni^nm* 

i.lAfl I ID Mk ^llfllt 

' I'tbnidI'/ An»l, 

iH 09k* lUjriiwvl^ AmhlvV 

lo bj Pr Btib^ « -KHM inrv 
Iwa w*m»» *«* I^H'vtf r-^'Hikfil 4nd 

tluvrl . ■ ^' I ' 1 run 

lw<^ r 4«kV 

.!■ lI|ii--- .'Ml f•^- 

irftiic 111 iflvm >i'tH<ij'4»ik rri, t>n 

k« *ttl4. vv vka;r nf ir il-nM if icliJi 
_IMinnii» laniTll vr li«ir hrtA 
bl InEll "T^rv I'tf IllAfllLill^t. 

wWi mir* Uian « Mnirlr {Wf . 

■J«i> JltnHttc-l iki/^Jj «llJi Eitvt'U 
lif4iUfLf»lL, lhd> frHjiiMit r»iri i>f r«-pEr« 
^Ivljlani Ln £0** *DfL \«f'iix4« wjihi^* 
lo rvttrBidrL I va* ■■■n^j ''<i I" lhi4 
[hnn«li frot Ov^nV laUvffiiriiiU iim 
HAiD uf Ukv k'litliifettar7ciii {wfaiMi 
iboftt tLan ito d^bu hhI tlt«f*IW«i, 
u 1 tup|*iiAL tiftil nnilrarl i prlnmr* 
iltnl A»nJtlinf»; l^ul PruT. tn^gi^nV^ur 
!'■ Jnniiiiir-hpn Z'ibHkrift,' K v lltYl \ 

('II ISa '4hL<r hvi'l, ».-r<inliftf tn Tlk# 
iti'ifi^iKi liiJJf>' ii'l^irwr-l 1>> I't. (■hjii- 
EJi^r, oHi}i<^ |ia-iiiri.-J"< iftir-in-, wlu.'h 
1* jHrmt'lr-1 ''till H^K'ijUtAi lH»nv raja 
[Mi EnOi rrlF' cff I ivijilnil rlmln of 
t"»f>f-, l^i*« *••«<- llii t^*"* ■U'ftciifTj 
iJi blrinlLiih' Ifinl >tt "r iwitiy <MmiH ■'in 
vn* 'J'K 'If ■!" t-'t'* "Hifli^ "»li;M i"*y- 
l**' ih^-uitti f***f»i"r\ I Hill m/'iniivd 
in [ffr Zoiiiiivr'fh ihil lJipn> Eft ■ r-AMi 
■ m fT*i-pl rfif g Fiian JiAVJEiirtifcfiEf fmir 
ftiiLTcra AuJ iKiJLiy foiir Irxb- ' I vk* 
ij^ikdy kil In thfi onn^'likioit thii ilie 
|«t*4^nf« <if *ii|VTniinitu>«n iti^to 
ntijrJiL If rlufl In rvVBTxiPin Vpnin \hf< 
fw>A rbnl tiii'li Jiifri*. imi mHy nn 
*Tr>i»*lj mltvtlfail, l-'iJL AM I lh*irt >>« 
tIciH, hod tl^o £***" "^ rvF'ivih 
■Aer imnutJiliDnJiliD liin nirniAl djir^rii 
nf ihp iWvr >^plrt«ni4 llnl I hh'ti 

VlpUUinl III iJiv ri|!f'U||i| EflhltiN <if 
IRT Viinnlirin Tin44>r Iinmr»ikpfltLnn 
wfcy I tif'* plm* liiilc MiHfi^p mj ^^*' 

fvnri|r*l L~«>D»ciri[|«J] TTirT"W|ll N'T* 
t«tltCll?^ tt liiVJ^ma n'ir>>-4>, JTlUTllK'll 

mm Mrrwml iIovt-lo^Tiui'iii itrij rtviiin-iQ 
*n irktiniBtjttjr r«liiii'i| jh* < •-^nn/d^ ; V'tt 
\*rinuii hTTiK^tfm ifi at, fivtitynn- or 
mltrmutl i<r»iic(librk, im h v ■ i-fp'A fml- 
mtv^ hifl-l ifffl'iip, Ap,, *it f'^Hiin-nily 
jvroin[itnir>l ^y \^i\yiiu-ijli'iit Tlib 

HmIiH Bfi/l UiiLnr- f>ri>n'f*>-.' M H>l- 
>lrb ftVl 41 |Ttmi|l( il l» Ltir >|ir-ntl 
fiVHTB* U* jfl*** hf^i AU^brrtLKvr tli» iiLi*t 
Itiiti ihnm l< nm mlniitm TsrHfTi rlif 
klv^tfiilriifiHiii i»f •iip<miL'n<^'4r^i ilifLl* 

l^mifvnlint af man. 

b-i:::. '-. ij^ i- : : -i::*! i:; '.zm ^^c^haL h'Liniiia smbrr*'*; or, if 

c-rrr.i. v ■;-,-; ',^.,-, ^^i^i-ii^i .1 a 2:i-*'tTr whi^h U uomul 
-n :-:^ ^T-.r r.^r-ir^':^ ■■:' tr:-e iT-.'^;:'- Tli»?« rvmarfei will be 

l^ -jr. ■:> "'^''^'' m ' ^ i^t" -'-er^ ;nd'ii-_if* fp.-'Oi ^ doable 
oriTi:: =■::/. :t ■ ::*::t:\:t --^'.7.^*:** Ar.-i -,■*' > ii^s^p^. is in the 
Tra-'^-:::il*, :-:; 1 rL::^'.^ ^'rpiv. iri-.v-?! :< ir; no waj dciuble 
^1 '-Tt :> r^ 'i^'^\-z i *i:-;^t ::::crc.i~- ^'.-i- as ::i the higher 

:: r.? •:t-'j:: :'r.^« t^o i^x^r^'i"':" ^TJTt-s, In a' I tiuainuU the 
u""-::.- 'i iT-.vl.'v-r-i frvE* :» .' ^:t:■,:.^e ;T"-iii:;:ve tuN?s- the 
.ni-y. T :< rr: n* .^: whi^h i-^Tvi oTT^ud; and ii U in 
"['.^ ■» r-:? f L'r. Karrv, '" b v :h^ lAM't-st^^n^-v of the iwo 
i.-iTZL -..i i: *'--:r l:^--fr eiTreLUi:;^^ thiC tbrf >,^_v of the uterus 
;j- 5'rT_— i :r. ::.iir.. vihiit' :ti Th',^*t' stiikmIs :ii nhkh no niicl- 
di-r '"'r:.:^ r '■ -iv iri:^:?, rhv vvrniu rvniain umiaitetl. As 
'■':.r :- -i:::. ':l: i: :he uEtTti< i>rx«\U. :ht' 1*0 o>riiiu be- 
'^•:r.- .Ti-i-Hi.,;. -i'li'^rttr, up.til a: tt*iiL::h thiv ^rv Wt, or, RS 
/ '■^r^. H'.'^'T- "\ the J'-h^v of :?.e uur-js." The an^lefi 
'if "..^ -i'^r-i.-^ .i^^ ^':-' T-r-hi.i-" [iv..- vvr*r,ui. ^^i 11 :r. juinuil? 
a^ .'..i-?. 'jp :n li-v ?-:ilv a-i :':\i' ! '"<t ;»;>:? .ivA \ *v-ur*. 

N-",! ir. "AuJiiTn. an ■*■:,!! -u- la^o? ar* i^ ■: \vrv :T!:re«jiienL 
it. y'r.'.fh r;> niiivir'? u>.rii* i^ 'i[rn:s:u'i «■::; ^^rruia. or i> 

t'. '**'-::, n-:-»';it " tht irriiile '*f toTUcmraiiu' *levelo|»iiieiu." 
iii\i:.t-t\ -r: r^ffl.:! r-"!* i::>. 'Ucro :vr:;;t:'? wo ha*o all in- 
i"»;iri"- "pf it -:;r.:'!" atv-^-^I i'i <■i^^\<^\"U\^■ liovol-'-omt'iit, "'illi 
'-'i'-,^i-*^i^i-f.i 'jr'-'*j\i anil i^rfei.: funotioiuil i1cvt,*loi*moiii ■ for 
'■j'fi'T -i'l<: f.f th'" i^iirTi.illy -i-[iMp' uUTHs i* ui^^iMo of ^ht- 
f'rjtuirrj ifi'- r-r'-j-'T orT^-f <^f ;:israti<'Ti- In <»t)ior aiuJ raror 
'H-t-. ^■\'i rh^rirnT riTfrinf' uivjui-^ iiri- f"riTio<.l, oskIi liavitijr 
it- \*t'i\.*-r '»rifi"' iiri'l j-a^riairi^'* 'No >m]\ ^^faize is fM^^otl 
|}ir'M»:"li 'liiririi/ tIm' -pnlinarv rlrvib»}»iin'm v>f Hie oiuhrvo: 
w/i'f |T [- 'liflirTid t(» U'li*'V'\ thiiujili ^>i.'rha['« not imf^''"ibU\ 
Miiit ripi' iwf -.iNj|(l<', minut*-, primitive tiilvri shoiiUl know 
\iitv. rjf -M/fi nn '■xj»r*-.-.-i'»n niav lie upotll to -zrow ini" !«(.> 
»ji"'iTr<T uT'Ti, imh Mjfh n wi'll-consirurti*il oriliie ami |m^- 
i-ni"-. iin'l *fi'fi funiirfi*'! v.-\\h tninuTrtiis nmsi-los. nerve*!. 
I'Utitil iinil v*"-^|t, if lln-y \t»t[ nn( fiinnerlv pa^si-d ilir*^niih 
A iniilHr r**iir-i' r»f ii*vi-l'i|,itK'i]l, a^ in !he case of exislin;: 

" ■ •■i- It a Vitff'- *h1I Itimri-n in , !*-;*<, p. rt^t. l*nkr,-,..»..r Tiimi-r in 

BTliH'li- III 111- ' i\.-U.i-.'-\\n fif \hjiiMiity ' F'lMi]iiirj;h Mt.-Ju'jil Jouraiki.^ KctnTi- 

mifl l'fiv-k'il'-|'V,' V'pL V, l-.V*. |<. •'•i-i. dry l^'l.V 
■ ntc-ii, ' AriiiT"riij ''f V'Tl^lpfnu*,' v'pI. 

Di^l ir-] 


riMk IL 



txwrMiiiab. Nri oii« will pn-li*ni1 llvt m pMf«ri i •IriKiim 
«> th« sbnorma] [loutik aUriis in ooiuan couM St? tin: rr»uft 
nf t:>et« rlttDCC. Bui (he Eiiiiici|ik< nf n-vi-TUEin, h_r «hir|i ti 
ffin^T'l*^ Ktrttcturo i* e^\)w ha^k mio 4<xi<d(*ncCr inifiht Bcn« 
ft» ihr i!tii(tc r^r itd Tttll (]<-vrIifinKiit, n^D after lh<? Inptc of 
au enn'miEju^ ml^rval i<f time. 

rn>K<htf3r Caiw*irini, iftcf flu*cu«nn(; th* foTf^p^nn^- and 
rariou.- ■naloprrHW cur**, irfivo^ o1 ILc *«Tri^ o"iv. I iLiion a« 
1I141 llv wMiio^ aiKtthf-r iiLMdinr. iit ihr rn«* 

of Pi" ' ■M^'" whirh, in womo oi Uic <^uH(InjmfinA 8n*l 

olhrr nvmrruilji, nvnnAlly coqsjiUi nf two poniona. This \t 
lit, roDtliti^n in titr liuiniirt f<Kit^ wlifii two EiinnthH oM; luJ 
througti Ams:^ <)t^rd»|»moat. it Aorm^iimM rvu^uiim thuK in 
ftuiti tfbpD •(lull, iikurv cB|xv:ially in Iho lower proimathrjiui 
rmiv. FlriMT ('ani*«trini mftHi»rk« thfft Hornc and>^nl j^m- 
^mtoT *ti mnn m«Et hare h&d tUa Wne noriiMilly dividtyl 
lEilo lino iv>rti«trts, irhkh aftcnAnrtb became fa>»rfl toirftKrr, 
tn nam Uir fnmljit lump coTuicln nf n Hin^Or ytw^. hut in 
lilt Mvbfjo, snd in ohil<lTGn, unJ in slm^wt all the lower 
nomniaU, il coosUta of two paecvH 5r^iar7ili>fl bj n distinct 
mturr. Thii nalTim (traudoniillj nrrvi^tx tiioo> f>r i™* 'li*- 
tiDdlj in nan ift«r maturity; and rkjiv fn^ncntl^v in nn- 
ri*ni1 tfian in ivcent craiiid, ct|>*^iallj. aa Caairstniii baa ob- 
(PTOyl, in thruK* i*thtijncd from the Priflf and br|onK>"R b» 
the bfwhjroqJttbc Kypry, H«To again hp como^ lo tho •nmo 
^onrluftinn «s ill IImt ntialo^oiu rase of tlK' rtuilar bonni. In 
tbi*s nttd rAhoT ittfljiDCOft pppi*nEly lo htf K*ven» t^i« c-auw.' of 
ancii^l racm appr^oftcbinj: Ihc bvrr ammiilH in ccrbtin chnr- 
w-li-f* tiirin* fnniurnlly (liuii ilu ibe iDodfrm raco», appi-«n to 
I*, that th^ InlUr Mmnd at a w«nfewliat gr*fllCT difttanw in 
lb« lon^ lin« of dcaccnt from their cnrij Aumi-hunuii) pro* 

VarirnF oth^r an'^nafiea in man, moT^ <»t 1p^ anjilojrnus 
lf> the fcr^poini;, have hrm adranccd by dilTcront authora, 

■ ' **, l^uril 
hw fMinil 4 

■ '■ il'-- ffTTii, yrv 

Ml- nl humtn ti^^tcLf 

I If (i«|»r i^Tt iliit 
Dr, tetfslM'la iIe« -nurHTA 'Mft 

t+f («il (n flhtut two jirfl rt-nt- E>r inIxII 
*liiillii; ht slfc" TTm»»b< tJm' It mf-™ 
^tiiwEilfj mvnn* ifi iT"i;iiotliiiitf 
bkrtTKnol nf lh« Arvin fw^. Than tn 
ndirPL a«r •[»^ n. t^l'lnrcllvl "tt tlip 

miUfi .(ill* »-Wk nnUr*; 'I'nhnn. i^t 

■U'j>riL>liii lI^^I' 'tart* ■nifitrf.'' M^^Miii^ 
la?! ttntl mofr mrniry fimfn^r hu 

or jr^fuiOs, hA» ihraWQ (InnliU en mf 

TIIK ijE?m:km" ok MAJT. 

AB i»H« of r^wraion; liut Ihrn- lui-m not a WuW drtijbtfiiV 
for n« hnre to descend evtrt'molv I*>^ in the mammAHon 
ScHo*, bffou' tt'L* (iii<i fluch Btrin.liir<jf^ imtmuUy i>r«K'»L*' 

In mnii, \hr rniifur trrlli »n^ prthilJy rlViHrtiL in*iLru- 
mvnU f"r mfl^lK-atinn. Util Ihnir tnn> canino charflclrr, as 
UwcTi *^ rtirmrliE- " ij- indtLnloJ Ly Ibe onical lt*nti of tlit 
orouii, wliirh (rrmiimlffl in nu nbLunr jMiinL i>t t-inivt'i [iiit.< 
wuni antl (iat ^-r fi»il>-concavp within, at the bnM^ of wliith 
rarfacc thrre ia a k-eblc fTOintncnce. The conical form ia 
bolt uxprratt-il III ih** Mt-tanijiTL rniL'H, i>A^'jjilly Lhi* Aim- 
IraliQD, The cHninp ie tuotv ilt<-»ply iinplimtud, and by a 
sUuiiijer taiig Ibun tlio inci*i.»i>."' Ntverlhclc**. Ihifc toolh 
no IcTTijjrr v<>TVi<K iriiiii an a ^iieiiuT Lveupon tar teHiiii^ hi« 
pnotfli*** t)t \iTey; it ni/ij, t U<?rt'fori', as fur av iU |iru|ioT (unu- 
tion is t'onc^ rilled, b*^ L-()ii«idf?red n* riKJiiiirrntary. Ir CTvrj 
Ur);v rollw'liwi of human -ikulU ^*riiTi*? may bt* found, as 
Hw'kH " oU^rri-a. vilh thv uininv ttwth proji^oUnx eoiieid- 
tfrabl_v lit'jund th*^ others in (hv wmc ninrncr «> fr the an- 
thro|M>in(ir|.dioLiB a|jo8, bnt iu a Jess degree. In thp>ie raspji, 
open ipflvi^i* Iwtwocii Iho tcctJi in tiic oi»» jaw aiv hti tot 
ih^ rn'^lition of thi- i'fininr> of tUv oppoititr jau. An lnli;r- 
tpaooof l.hi* kind in a KnfflrikuTI, figured hy Wa^er, isuur- 
priwiiijrly wide,*' t^ijiieidt'nn^' \n*v- few aru llio unt'iunt 
ikulU whirb haw bn-n rwiirtirml, nimpjin'd 1i» hrrnl skiills* 
it U an internjilirg fact that in n( It^wl three cast's tlie cftikine^ 
prcrjed kr^-cly; and m the Nuulolle juw Lhey urc apokcn of 
UK cniimiciuH.'^ 

Of th*i anthr(ipomorj»hi>np apra the malcB alone hav* 
tlieir cauima fully dcvdopud; Lut in ihv fcmnlc sorillii, and 
in h Iraa de^rM? In llir ri-nmlt nrHn^, Ihrw Irrth project enn- 
aidcrnblv twyotiti Ihe olh*^rti; thcMoro the fac^ of which 
I have been assured, thai vp'umun vomotimrB lirivp ci^iuidcr- 

•1 A wlbwlo HjriiH t^f c<HiKa ill jrivita 
bjItU i^mifrry W.'Hll»»ro,"lH*i.-li-» 
AiiuriialLfn'Ujiii. Ml fp, iS*- Aiv*icwnr 
l*Ji^rimkl lit AniT- nttd l'hi*l«l>iffy,* 

which aavn JTpn pp*^iMi»I, 'irvuhmii. 
Wt* aiTwIni 1(1 Ihti^ a^ I ^lufiiiinhl, 
lU HAjq thiL Kdcrliritf t" my ihoory, 
* oirtry iruutoni conJiUun r»f mnTwufl, 
Jvririjc ■!■ ri«vo1ai»iifii(t. t» »« «[iljr * 
miuiiB In nil imd, F-iit nliM (nw mi ttid 
iu ll^in* Tli\» Jut* tml nffpm t" iim' 

EPurifHlof 'le<«Za|i|iH(iL,havifiv H'' tf ln- 
i\iin bi rvvcrvi'^ii i yoi hijH<^ -pirifiri'in* 
mlillit t» iifwtfvtd mud accuiuvlabVJi 

iHel Any friiv vt'fvii'vaMi'.f^f InVAnce, 
in •hrin0(iiii]f itiiit •riipjilifjiriir Ui4 

vH/ iJiDillil rbuL iitjuri'itiv BlfWrrnii1i< 
tifi«,aiirli Vfl'tjvpplikrtil rn h/Eirnrfrlibloa 

t'UfUv 'ivliidtt liavc riu rDJutiMii b* ■ 

iiuij iturliHl, ii noil H Tiuniif iimlu- 

A ■ Annljimy <ir VnrT#r»imE«i,' vnl. III 
IMA. M Ja^. 

«i-Cviitr«]lii Mi>r|-hnl4£iV I*M, &. 
II. A. rU. 

V.tut UmriftLiir imll, ft IM 

** r, c«ik^i liiftWh, Mfi ■ ill It tf'ttt u* 

SbuIcH*, ' .vmliFT^iiilrij. Ii'»'* "/l-<''7, 








it ihrlr iH<4«dihtml tfn<(il ilrvf^lrtpnii-ni in nmn b a t-uu ul 
'T'T^iott lo in apr-hk*.^ |>f.i;ftnLtur Hi* wbo rrjocVf< wiUi 
•>rti Uie Mid Umt llii- »hit]ie at liia uwii cvmints, Arul ihnr 
ii»ii\nil f:ri<ai ilvvt<]i>|>Tii4'»l m nttipr iii<*n, an- 4i>p to our 
irJT friTTfn'hffB ^aviri^ >v»*ci proviilfd with l(»t*^^ fonui<ll- 
\f xa^tirriK Mill prvilml^jr ivirnl, hy ■m-i-rin^'. Ilip liiii- of 
bU ilciicriil. Pur l)iLiii;<)i tic no Imi^'tr inUud^, nrr ]m» thm 
pavrcf, lii uiw Uici*r 'eelh m» iiciip4>n^ Ik' will iiriy^itt^iouslir 
rHncI lii:^ " MnHm^ jiiUF^Ii^Ti'* (thiM uaniRl ti\' Sir t\ 
Hrlll." ^ ■» to «:i]HMv th^m t«aJy for action, Uk« a ilon 
]fTr|i«rt«l in ltf;kl. 

trr* propr (o lite QQa<lniiitar»a or ikTfii>r nitftiuoK l*rof*iuor 

|VlacOYn'h '^ cjLHiEiin^d forty iiiak sulrjoriit, nti^l founcl 4 mm*- 

r}v, calird bv liJni Uir iiuOiii^imbJcT, 111 ttmi-tmi of th#[n; in 

Ibrw LithrfA ih^itj VA9 ll^mont vhi<^h i^iir^oenlod ihu 

iuru(I«; AB(t in Lhr rviiMiiiiTit; (ri;;}]lH*ii n*> IrHfM? of it. In 

1I7 t»i> DUl flf lllirt^^ fi'MUltr «LltijkK-tJi WlIJi Ihlft niMM-Ir (lr> 

Vrlf'poil nn both Ciid(4, Iml in thrvi' nlhtru lltv nifltnunUiry 
UjrAniciil ■« picaetiL TIiU mudtlr, llii^rtfun.', tti^jwam lo 
br much mim* nHnmoa in ihr mntc Hmn in ihr fi'innlL- km; 
tncl <>n tl» \xUvi :n Ibo dcwc-nl f-i ii»oii lii>in ei^me lower 
ronn, llir fact m iiilt'llij^iUo; Tar at Iiha Wii iK'Ifrtfnl m 
crvnnl nf tfa^ lottvr fliMinnlp, nnd in nil 4if llinif^ tt Mrrvtu 
rxdwLvdy to tad llio maU' in the act of rfrvpwiiittion, 

Mr il. W<i»kI, tn Iilh vbIuuMp HTii^K of [ifijK.T*,*' hm* nii- 
noi«4y rI^<Tiliocl A vaM ninntirr (>f muM^iibr v.irititif)i]ii in 
mnn, trhirh rrm-iiiMc nr^rinnl pItui tiiriv in Uio lov'^r eniinelA 
thr Ti\tiu'U-f wbu'li rWi'lv lt--u'Ei]}i[r thiirir ri'i^iilnrli |irfM-fiL 
rn 'jTir nmrx'ul albi'J, fii^' C^iifk^lnEii^nnn. ftra itn nnn>^if>iiE lo 
\k 1i«nr v\Mti bp<-cif]fil. Iti a Mti/lc tJinlt etibjcct. [m^in^ fl 
Mmn^ linrliU fninn^ mul urll-fifrinrrl ^kiih, ivt \i"*» lltHh 
M'v^n Tf Tiij>nUr tftmlions wprvohiM^n-pd, nil of which f^lamly 
r i niiM^Ira f>rT>]i?T til varioQft kJnds of apef^. Thr^ 

Eiurjt, iii iwlnnw, bail (III both u(3i<h (if liU Hf*Qk a IruL- jukI 


'— -^r «f 


IMA L'l' 

■• V- 

1 ■■ ' ''MMtrtnt in lW 

' \rri':ir 



- r* - 


TT. Blii In 
|||'*r or flip 


u*. l^*i. 

JT «• M. 

'■I ir n**. 

ff yil, t<9; veil. ir. H^fT. f ^^- vkl. 
IT I IM^h i^. I iriHT li^rrr mM iTmt 

linK ithiwri ill l^fiir M*iTiM'ir trii tht 
I .HiinirtitHtr^ I* Trii'i^A-^L ^^c-'lrv **>«.' 

tJiP**^ HOiifPiiW, titv 1»fff*l itti>iti1'iir> flf 
(]-iii P^hniAb-^ (tnulBLkiiiB.AlH', in ifio 
riiiwli-" liiil^itf to (d^ni^^EuFTj rMLbit in 
tiiEJikAl* *li]l \<rtv' (n 'li« v«]«t *if* 
bdtiwr^ut )n ihs Limurvlilea. 

\t II] jiiiiiut one out ot »Uly lj 
I. In till! loHiT t\ln<]fiitK-K Mr. Brudk^y '' 
tclor fijijtM rtiMtitarAt t/uir^l^ in brtlh f^i^t of 
L'le hai3 Jii>1 ii]i tu IJial time Ltiii rt'i'unln] in 
k ulwa^vft [irt-aeiit in IKl* ■nthropniiiorpliiiun «[ 
clc» of Ihc hnndc mid am\»- purt* which urc eo 
hamHcrihlic of niHri-^Hrv t'.itu^trioly liabl*- I" 
► T£4cniblc thtf ooprospomlinp mitBck-it in llir 1^ 
k" Suth rnjicmhlnnrr"* jirv cifhor pctfert i^r m 
in th<" IflUi^r itiAiy ilwy iiTf iiiBinfi'Mlly i)f n Ira 
iro. CorUm ^finalioicK iiti- tnoro coiiiTium in itl 
irtt tn tt'omnn. withimt nut Sriiijf nblr to n^al 
n. Mr, Wnod, nftnr di'm-riliini: mimprmjs vnl 
Si tb<^ fctll<iwiiif' firL'f^iiHTit ToiziJirki " N4.italili* dt'i 
I tbt ordinary tyfir nf Llii^ iniiiiriilnr [tlrucliErm 
[vm AT dirrrtioiifl, uliiHi iniiAt hr> 1nk<^n lo indini] 
lown faclur^ ul much iiuportancG to n compre 
flwl^r of ^nrm! nnd m'icntific nniitomy/'"' 
[hat Ihi* linknonn fnctnr in rr\rniioii ti n r^rm 
[ittlcncc may bi.* ndjuitteii ob m tliL> ]iij-lu«t dc^srv 
It in <|Liiic iitrrcdiblc thai a Timn ^llt>^ld t 

tUy PT»f, ll*cFnl]»l« \r ' Ppoc 

L <'Ti(ijTii*n*Tj in * Ji>iin)>l i^f 
[ill l'hr*-\'r./., irLji, 17*. 
ijibI urAiuLaij I T'>iTr.' ii*f^ 

liH 4ifvi]rviill'<n«. nrirl An<l» 
■nil' ihnonitihlin itrr miil 
|iii till! A'T'-- nnii*i ir^<ii<1lyH in 
jnll*. in tli0 ffk^ Af»^ 

fiiwirw <ioviivRnJfi liiiA I in 

A* II niii^uiUiil frctik ft Emu 
not uh Jrrlakp tn ■■f-* It li 
inn irt hour in m|«hlr iin i 
aftft H cmbitlen-ii mi ■>i^i"ni 
InTirinitrr. itlnLJllinif r\-pn 1 
liilHi ijfiiiUii'T "f Tiia fln'i [irr 


Cur. 11. 



mi'Tv Bii»k>nt aljuormtllv rttMrmUi- ci^tnic apM in no li« 
thflii >rr4!D or hU muMMM, if tli«ro hji<] bvm nt) goixt^iic 
oHUiMTEion Ixrlvccn thctiu On Ibc other hand, if tiiaa i» 
(Uvoeoded from (ome npe-like rrraimy. no vnlid n«An can 
be uniCDcil n'hjr c^rtjun hiim^Iu* Ahonkd nut cmddt'nly fv- 
sppc»r After on inlrrvA) of manj UiQiiMinil epiitrimi-»iiM, in 
tM ttirie mADHpr iw with fitrann, aum, ntid mi]|««. <larlc* 
iy>lMin^1 flritio* aciikl^nlv n^tppoar on Ihe lejra, acH *boul- 
- an intrrvnl of Imudred*, or murv prubeblj^ of 
r I 1- '>f ^Derahonn. 

'I'bwe vanoiu etws of reverskm nrc 00 cloacly relAl«^ 
Co thow of ruilinM'ntiirj oriEuu gti~cd in ihv fir>t ctmplrr, 
that mafijr of ihptii loi^ht have 1>pcn indifff^rvrilly inlm- 
duovil rlthvr tJioro or faore. Thus a hunmn ui^nifi lumitihed 
wfitii cxiniu4 HUij In- rtnd to trpnaetiU iu a ruOiuicnlar^v t'»:i- 
ditton, \ht MMc orpan in itu Dorrnnl ftato iu C4>rlajn mum* 
cnoJs. Some pait* which ore ruilimentflry in irnn, «» the 
i» iToccjji in twill MriLi.'^. Hin) Oit.' muinrnii? in tl^t- mult? aex» 
•rr ulvrHy> jirL'tfrnl: vliitM othrri, irueli cm lb« ftupraoOQ- 
ilybiil fomnii-ti. ofily m^i-iiBionally Af>pr«r, nnd therofor* 
niiglit hnn^ ti*-fii intmtlin'<>il umliv tlie he^d of rewraioo. 
TheM Mveral r^rvereionnrv aEruf^uirvi. ax irr«tl tm iho tTriclly 
ruitiim-nturj one*, irvoal the divccnt of man from Booie 
Lowrf fonn in an unmififAkaMr niiiiiaf<r 

Cftfreialtd Vari^wn. — In mjin, » in th« lotver nninuiW 
nwny Uiwiurvx nrr mi inliiiuilHy n^Uiinl. IhRt nhpn nne 
f«rt Taji«« «Q drvfl Anolhsr, nithjiiit onr bein^ ablo^ in ruttt 
cnn, to aaai^n any n<aK>ti. \\\- tunnoL «y wtnthcr the one 
]inri fc'DVKrnt LIm? ulJu-r, it whi-lhcT \tnih ntv goypnind hv 
i^tTiL- (urticr diTn*]opi^ fiarl. VarioiM inoD£lro6itiw, n^ 1. 
(Jf^iTr V rc^oli^dJy in^t«U. oro thua bttimfttdy contK*rl^d. 
1 <iit> 8tnH-liins are jiariiitilurly linh]i< to fhftnp> t^- 

^ _ *e HW ttn the rppf>9ijto wdfi of iho body, nnd in 

ihr upprrartd lower wtrcmilicft. Meckel loni^ ago ramflrkcd, 
ihni u\wn Hie niii^^lM of tJir iimi itepnH from thi-lr jirnpi-r 
tViN*. Uwy aJiiKiii alv^yii imitntii thosf of ihn ]cp; find w> 
i^.nvfTtfcly. with the maflclw i^f tliL- li-i^o. The orcanA uf 
ijj-hl ami hrntin^^ thp- IMh sml hair, ihe colour of tin* Mkin 
and of tiie hair, colour ami conatitution, iin< more or Ivm cor- 

#f the t*v« ■aiiiiBlk fin 
■^■t mp hf mnrkiiv. * It will I4 

r' iAf^ntAK 
Ct«« IE: tlitt CiUimu: • U ^J^ "V, ICAd OV U- 

lillh ici » •nflli'Jtnlli tiiiirk9-l trinnnrr 

fiifrjfi]^^ '>r 1lrii I^jLEH LitiiiTJ ihrfLE'i]iln 
nt irii T'l'inn i-r Iah "f -iihinifliio*. ill 



Put I 


rplatpd," Pmfewor Sf'hnHfThaiiHeri finit drew Btleirtion t<i 

Uirl Ihr HmnKlj'pronoimreH fuprn-orhitnl riti^PiF., whTi:h lire 
*it ('h»rurt.frjj'iit' n( thi> lower rnr™ of mati. 

Iloei'lpfl ihe varmlioup vint'li t'aii Ih* (jrauped with mon* 
or li'«i [>r[ilralhilit\ tniJi^r Ihc foregoing h^aile, thrrv i* a largt 
<rUiu of \flnji1.F»tiK whidi riiJiy Tm- proriMttiiiilly nillrd ^|i(iii- 
taneou», for lo nur ignorftnce th^y appar tnariep wnthonl 
any excnting; i'diL4e. It tan. liuuTvr^r. \*v ^hfrwn thai ^ich 
vHi'iHlioTDL, wfit'lhrr (.'oriNlHl irix "f ii|i;;^i1 tiulivi'lufll ililftr- 
OTiCPS or of fflroriBlV'MjnrkoH cinri nbrnpl <!mfliioiiii ol nlruo- 
lure, Hf i^end much more on Ihf ron^titulioL of the organism 
thrill »n the nature of Ifif t-nnrliiiuiis to wtiicli it Tihh lieen 

Rat^ fif fnrrtase. — Civilleed popuUtioTiii hnvi? In?pr known 
undor favoumblc oonihtioiir^, an m tUv I'qtIkI S1ati-a« lo 
double their mtpibcni in tA*ciilj-fiT« >yntF; ftnd» actrord* 
ing 111 II inlr'iiljitjon, by KuW. thU mighi. ornir in a Titt.U 
over twelve jwirn.*' At tho former nlv, ttie preeont ^lopii- 
btion (>r the I'njti^t SUtri^ (thirty inilliflns)^ wnuLd in fi*^7 
years cover the whole lerraqueoUB clobe m Ihiekly, thrti four 
mi'fi ivould hftvc lo statui on eacli 6(]uuri' yjird of tmrfucu. 
Thr prininrj or fiindunK'ntuI Hietk Irt th** 4^iinliniin1 iiirn^juui 
nf iTiJiTi is i\w difflciiUy of j^aininj; Bub&iRtence, anri of living 
in comfort. Wc moy infer thit tins if the caPt from what 
we Ht, fnr inKUntH*, in thn Unili^d Si«tc&, wheri' siilwiRt*?MWT 
U «afiy, 4iiid thor? i§ pl«nTT uC room. If eneli rDesne word 
suddenly doubled in Orrnt Britnin, our number would bo 
r|uic1(ty dfiiihlrd, With ri*-iliKi*d rnlion« thiit prinmry clirtTk 
nctu chi^flv by n>atnilnin^ marnapfs. Th^ groat^r dwith- 
rattf of iiiiHnU in \hv poorcjit ilaMts is uI^j vtiry important; 
HB wril m thc> gn'uliT inortnlity, from vmHoilk i|i»iMkKr<«, of ilia 
inhab:tnnU ol crowd^rf nn<l mi^oi'jkMe hoii^i^ij, nt nil n^vt^ 
The I'lTecU of eevirrtt irpidi-ioiLTi jiml var& arv wjoii i-ounter- 
bflUiw'Orl. and inon' thnn coiinlrrliiJjirK'cd, in nnlioiiFi ponced 
undor furi>unihli> rondilif^nK, Kmigriition nliin romfi; in iiid 
lis n tcmpomry elieck, but^ ^vjtli Lbe e.'ilremely poor clajuoe, 
not In nny ^eat eilenl^ 

There in rriLEion to niittpctrt, a« MaUhQA ban rnnarkcd, that 


••Tho jHitliurtUw fui ib«w «:»<frml 
■LM^VHinU ttn aWnn in my * ViiriJitinn 
orAfiliDLl" nndoT t'onicwilcjiLlun^' vol. 

en*i in ah^i- 3xk\\. vol. h. vf aif 

[|*f nirniAfdc^ntirni,' 
■See tbaDrvPR»mnnMr'F.MuT on 

lUv T. M*Lthiu. vnl, i. L»tve/p. i, 



UaVSI&A fil' DtC\'Klx>P3irJfiT. 


i)io ff^LinnliiHiiP ]»vrr In mclvukWy lift* in lurlnmua. iKan in 

f^i. ^.,^ hCiid£tr«iiot«lUD0buf bi*i-Q Lflki-n; but fmm tlio wii- 
rurrml iivtiiiuiny iif niHMnmrtt^. niul of nihf^r: vha hai^ 
JflDg TvAi^l^l with j^uch JMH>|4<>, it H|ip««r0 tlui thf-ir fiuniliir* 
ATT nuallj ^mAll. ujiO l^ri^i- <>nrA ran-. Tliij may l>^ (wrtlj 

4'iTUik1nf fur. a* it in (ii'lirvnl, lit (hr WiiniTJ awkliii^ tl*eir 

aiitf^ ilurjhf' jt li>n|; tiiiv; Iml il i> highh L<rolial>ir titit 

. vthv ofu'ii t^xflvi iiiiM'li hanS^iip. anl nliu ilo not 

?^i much iiulntri'tjs fuftil a.4 oiiJIj^ih] m^n. woiJct h^ 

imIIv Uif* |irnlill*'. i haw nhvvm \n a foniKT w-rk,^* 1h«t 

I oijf iiijTii'«ticj(ed iiimiinif^^le iind lurtls. iiitl ull our cxil> 

fed plinlvt ar^ mow f«ftjlt* tkui Hu' rom*«fK)r(lin^ ■pi>< 

in a tftatv <if nitur«. It w nu vnlid i>t>ji>ctioii to Uii« 

uaoo thai iDJUiab ^oJdoiily bU|/|r[i«l «iili «d eicvn 

frtofl. or Blien grown Tri^- fal; iu»! tlifti inwt |1nrW on 

d*l*n rcTOoval from rcrr poor to vrry rirh wil, nrc mi- 

T<<d raorc or kvA elcriK'n W« luigbl. tlivif fijiv. ripect lliat 

nuld lie r' '-tit thin u-jld Tm-n, It m nliiti proliabk 

j*l lh*-ii: 11 'Witj ot rivilim-*! nj»tM*nh wttiiM li>-{<iinie, 

«'jlh Mir d'XnifitR' jujttitaU. an inhf-rit«d cliaraottr: jt it 
Ii-ut knovn thnt with mankind a tcndcaicj to prviiiucr 
ii» ruDt in familiM.** 
Nofvilliitundini; tJiat Mvaf^eii app««r to Tti» hts ikrolift^^ 
inn iiinlua^d p<-<Ji>!4:, Ibcy voultl mi doubt ni|ird],v ini.'nHijrc 
th^ir mimh«na urn* mtt by nmu* mtviift njfidly ki^'jtl ilovrn 
111? Santiili. irT hill-InU-^ 'if Indka, ha\9' r^^nrlv AlTiinkd 
j;<)cd illnidnition of thin fuct: for, ai* vhvwtx by Mr. Huii' 
r." llii'T Imtp inrri'Avd al Kn i^tltT^iknliutiir mU- Binef 
(M.iiiatioii has hvi-h introduo«<d. oth«T pe«ti1oDcee mill- 
tr\i, iuul TAr rirmly rvprrsd*rd. This incnusv, how4?Tcr, 
<*nld nil havo l*wn powiM*' hud nnt tbru' nidc pop[<i 
■rvjtd itilf- iW fldjomini: dtfeUid^, and vorke^i for hir>. 
lajctit ahwiikt ilvnvji iiurry; yvl tbrrv is aouw prudt-'ntial 
finint, for t)i«y dn nut romnionly nuirry iil tb^ L-arlu!tt 
itJo aj*f^. Thr y-HtUjC '"<^i> Q>^ often rt^qiiind to sFiov 
>an KL|i]ffjrt a *ifr: nnd ibry yrnprall* bave fir*l 
I> I' |>ri<v with which to purHjiis;** Iilt from Ikt par- 

IVilk dava^ECH Ui« diftkulty of obuirir^ nubHlEilcnco 
onaJlj liiiiLU tbt-ir nuTiilirr in a timdi imirL' dirfft 

If- LkAalinaligOL' «<;UL|^ III- l?'-*! k "Tn. 
» Mr. SAlfvkli. -totUA tod for- by W, W iluuur. IddK |il 3a». 



P*n I 

m&nncr thnn with rJviliMil |i<^opEcr, fur &\\ Iribcn [xrriodinillj 
AUlT^r fnitii Hi'Vi-n' fjuiiini'H, Al fnAi tirnri ^avitj^i'^ >rc 
forc-ed to d*vuiir iiim'd bad i^ct], and Ihoir hoflltli (tin hnrd!y 
tu] to Ijr injuriti. Manj accuuniB lifl^e bvvu iiubliahed *>( 
their prolrndiit^ Elfiiiuichii uml mtiiriiiUHl iUnht iifb^r unri 
during; faimnea Th**y are tjipn, aim, oi»m[)olK^d to wiitidvr 
mucii, and, ts 1 was arufured in Ati^tmlia. ihi'ir infants poneli 
in Inrp- ni)inlii*ni, -■\^ famim^ii art- jientMlit-nl. d<"|iL'iidiiiK. 
chii'lly on t-Kln'rEit' «i-HBon^ nil tribi^s mui^l Rui^tiiiilo m num- 
twr The/ cmmut Alt-aiiil.v and r<:^tdarly mcreti:M.\ ax th^re 
ia no HniUclHl int'ivutf in flit- hu^iiiIv *if f«m1. Siwiij/iTi, wht-n 
hflttil pr«f«cd, vncrcarh un i^ch oihi^'v tt>rnlonL-i, uud war 
U tlie resull; but they aiv indeed nlin^>«t alwnyt^ ;it var 
with llki^ir iiti>f}ibi>iirfL TIr-jt dri^ Einble tu many a^videiita 
on liind and walrr in Ih^ir iv^uivh for food: and iix «i>me 
caunlriui ibey auHer iiiudi fr^m ihe larger beoMf> of {yrcy^ 
Evun in Indifl, djft1ri?l» hnve been depopulait^^d by lh^ rav- 
ut;CA i>f ti^crv. 

Maltbiiii ha« di#cu««rd thcH^ K'vcral chccli^, but hv dcr^s 
not lay »troi« enough rm whBl U pro}«bl_v ihf ninci impnr- 
tnnl of a]|, namely infoiilicidc, rapetriully <*f fiMtiok- infaotft, 
iind flic biiliJI of [jriH'iirin*; jilirrrtJinL Tbi'w- fhniH.iiT* Tmw 

frevnd in iniiiiy f|«rtrT«"*r« nf th^ wnrld; and infaniiddo swma 
ormorly to have pn^ailtd, tin Mr M'l^nmm " ]uui shown, 
an u )dil1 mott' rxlrmtivc mnb-, TlirM' jirarluvM aj>iK<ar tu 
Ixnto (inginatpd in mvages recognising the diWUmUy, or 
rattier the impoMibilily of mifjportinii all llip infant* that 
dre Lorn. lioi-utioM'tui*!* mny nUn \u- iiHdwl tn Thp forp- 
giniiK ohvclu; btit tbie doc^ not fallow from failm^' m^Bm 
oriuWietcncc; though tljortf is re»flon to htlirTc thai in some 
I'oani (aa iii Ja|viii) it ba^ bnn iuli^ntiuniiHy enckiiragml he n 
m«ranA of keeping dorn titc' prtpidalion, 

U Avc loOK back Il> an ntreimdy niiuitr r^nnh, Ihtforc 
Mknn hwd amved at th.- di^iily of manhoodj tie wnidd httvp 
been guided more hy imtinrt and leee by reason than are 
tbc lowMt MTaiffA nt the prt^Henl Itme, Our early mtni- 
hiimnn progeidl'im would ii4>l huv^ prvf^liiu^d iiifjinlu-idi' or 
polyandry: for the iimtinctv of the towt^r niiimalt aie nev^r 
ao (>«nrvr1«d " at to lead Ibcm regularly to debtruy their 

«filiit«1t an ffti Qi>b1vr ilitn ilm luil^fl' 
of UTWD rvu ef mvn, aii<1 hv And* 
hiiiiMir. ilirrvfbrc miipellH tonskn- 
irvduM, io ft form] uf thu >uhpMilikl 
un^iAloij af «tik/i|i h* tjijir*Tm w fit 


V%A^. U. 



owti f»ff*Tmrp. nr tn V <j«if4^ iStfroi^l of jealousy. Th«vtt 

n^itraiiit frmn ttiarriii^'r. and 

■.I 'I'tHJ Dt un I'Dflv •fic- HriHir 

li, Iriil i^kccktf of »o«ii' kincl, cilbvr priiodiral or conAUot* 
RiUHl have kepi (Sown iheir niimtx'n. even morv ttrtfttf 
Un" -- iMi i^jflljii);^ Ain^'CL \\lut Iht' prcfiiMr ndturi> of 
i! ' >< ^rtr, ^r r«no»t m. ony morr thmi Htlli timM 

1 I- '■'' li'uw thfll r>or«^ and «lUe, which ofv 
r. i^ djiimalc. wIk-ii lirat ltirin-d loutw ii) 

-^ i«i-d al nil iTiiiriiiouii mtc^. Thr rlrf>lunl, 

V L,f :iil1 kiioun iinimAU, wnnid in a f*v 

1 ii»ck ll>' whult* iv*iHiL Vhv iiUTvaje of crwy 

y mail W thi'iknl Uy noun? nu'imn; 1>iit not, 

■I BM^n. ri'timiks M tlic [kCtAck« of Ijetud-i c>l prvy. Np 
ojif ktjII iitt^Ejiiic- lliBl th« att\ial poirrr of roprvJudiifn m 
itivr wild tun«?f aiLil mttit- uf Aniiehva, was »l llrit iii uij> 
vMiitihk il«|;ro« i^erfUMHli or thnC, u «fl«-h dUlriei Iwcumc' 
foltv nocked, thin «tnkf j)oir<-r va^ diniini«h«d. No d'>ijlit 
ju itim <'a?>e, Mul in uU ullit-n^. tniity checks dOBCUf, nud dif- 
fciint cK-cxj tiudi-r diiri?N-nt circiiiiitUDCCB; ponodictl 
dntrlhs (icfM-itdiu^ on u^ifat'uarflbLe MflsoDs, Wing prjbflh))' 
ihv mil."! iint^trlatil of ill Sii it will luve I)wd wil.h iht^ 
ArJy ijrof^aiton of nan. 

^ahirat SftMiitnt. — Wr liHti> nnir »rn thai mnn is vnri- 
atli^ in Uniy and laind: and that tliv vanutiun« ttrv indu<'ed. 
rilliiT dirw-tU or ituUrwf)*, hv iJir »nnw f;ei)t-ral cumM^. ntul 
»lH-y \Uk tnmf ffvm-nl JnwA, nia vnth the lovt-r unitmiU. Maji 
hftn (|>Tr*d widely '>vi'r ihe fact of tlir cjirth. And most liavc 
1 ->i3. dtiriii^^ hiri imi-fvant int^'mlloii *' lu IliP irio^it 

■ ! . t<-BdilkM^- Th** iiilnhituriis fif Titirm d*.'l Fm-go. 

:!(** cf Uood H'^fK', and Ta«nm&ia in thp one hcinl- 
;i t>-. and <Ff lh4- An-(jc region* in Hie other, iiiu^r hntt.- 
fiafiMMj t1irc'iii:h mnny climiitos. and chanjfi^d tlicir haUtit 
many rim^^n bof'>rc llity reached their present home*.** 
Tilt- rarif prtv^refiitorK of man munt sImi have lerdcil. lik^ 
all iitluT AAJmali, ti> havD incrva^ed bi^yond tli^rir [iicpuDfl of 
■alisi*li-iicr; (her rauri, Ihercforf, oc'i.^i>nflll_y havp been 

a«ii*«t]^ fiih nf iMt«i«4r« w III* 

•ff t<^k<.Ar?'i^rT^->f ■frtikfu L-iT^«- W|*jit 
■ ■ -r-rni 

Milt M hia liliffiMl inirfinitt feUtfl b*- 

ojUa nam* fr"^l rMiiinik* lo Vliii 


^.^ >1 ■ takk'F^L' 

.4ii«ii U(»bM,' Itfilt }>^ I^ 

1^" p 7At. 


?A*T L 

«X|MM4ft li> > atrLi|>]^|p for «*ii«t4-iipe^ mm\ i4>n*i»<^iK'ntljr to th* 
hgiil Li4 of nuEunil HcUviiaiu Hi^notirinl VArtati<infi of all 
kimlii will th»u», rilhir ocfwijiwilly i>r ItAljituAllv, haT« licpu 
lirrMTv^l aiv\ injiirmnfl r»ne4 c1iTniiiati>it. I do not rot<T 
to ftrvn^'lj'-inflrknl di-tmliutiD of Dtructuri\ wliicli otvur 
od1,v at lonjE intrrvjiN of liinr, Lut to mrrv indivrdual dif- 
fpTT'nrpK UV kihivL, fur in»itiinrp, ihat the niUfiC'lM i>f out 
hande and f«<'1, which il<rtorDiin« our povron of movement, 
an' hnbl^> like tho*^ of tht* Lowc-r cmmii]*/* tn ini^cMfanl 
vuriiihititY, If 1hf*n thv prop^miarf of ninn inhabilmg tnx 
A»lnvU oepeoidly oxk i)ii<lcT|>uiiiff satne dunj^e iii iu conil^ 
iim«^ vf^tv iljviiied inlu tu^o njiial ImxIii**, tlir our half 
vrhu'h incltiiliH] nil the- indiriHiiitB Ivut adaiited by iLetr 
uou<T« 4>f iiK>vtMU<<»l for f.'aiiiiii^ du1it»L«t«iK«, or f^ir dufi.^id< 
mg thmiwlvr*, (TiiLihl on on [ivr»rii;?r flimirr in i^nTiUi-r nuir- 
bt-n. juid |k^t^^>Ato morr oUTf^priiig than th9 otWr and le^ 
well 4itdL>wvd half^ 

Mmii ill Ihr ruiltHl xUtr in whk'h Iw nov Kxistn lit i\xv. 
nojit dominnnt ArimAl that h» <>vcr njitMini^^d on thiA mrth. 
He hii)« Hpnnd in^irt' vrid<'K thnn tiny '>lWr hij^hly or^iiitt^ 
form: mid nl! otlirnt Iieuv yit-ldtfl bx^fori- him. Ilp^Tiipm- 
foelU (mot 1hi» jmiiH'ii'f KiLpononty to hU iul^^lhs^r vtal fiK-- 
ullif^s til \t\s MH'ml hahilB. which knil him U> aifJ imd di^fL-iid 
hi« fi>ltm\>j, mill Eo fii^ (iir|ion'ul fttriiiliiro. The Hiiftrruic 
iiiipdrliiNio "f th^^w diflmoliTv haa J>i>n) [■mvcd hy the Cinal 
Hrhitniiiiriit ft the Imille fur life. Through his powt^ra of 
mtclUx't, arlit'Hltttc lnl]i•^la>^> had bwn *Tohed: and on tMh 
hi» wondi-rfnl Acli'nno^mr^iil hux timinly d«pt'ndtH|. Av Mr. 
rhnHfuvy Wriyhl irtnaikt: "* "a |i*yclio1oi!ic»] ntinTyKt* of 
thf* faoiiiiT of Ipnituap* ihows, thai even th^ fimHll<»«t pm- 
fii'itocy iu il iiiifht rtquirt' mom hreln poH-t*r than the ^r**al- 
fjil pn»(h'i''my in aiiv oOier directinr."' Hr hn» iurnUcd 
4IkI !>= iihli' tri \m* viihims ^x'eQ|x:^Tl*. l*v*la. Iraftf. Ac, with 
which \it^ -Wcndn hiTni*»^lf. kill^ *-r iutih<.e V"?)- and oth^r^ 
wIh* »h(Hiii!< Uvu^ lie lih!^ iiimfi' mfl* or cnrjcmi for fishing 
or croBfting oxvt to m-iglihouniij' fi?rtili^ iKlamln. ]!c» hat 
diM-oT<.*red Hn' nri uf mnkliig iin\ hv wliitli hard and *trin(iy 
root* ujfi hi- reEuIcTvd di^(T4lih|i', nnd pmiKoiiciUB nx-ila or litrV 
innocuoua. ThU di«MTrr>' of fir^. prr^lmhlr tin- ^rt^alt-Sl evtr 
tjiade tij uiui. excepting tuntiua^, dui(^ fn>in before the 


Ml Ttsflw *-'' *'"' ^'i 1*1^^ F'l' ^^- 
ySf 'lit. -i»ilin'TriLl«'l™6n'"'-il»vuuliir 
III lltr'n ii<i>lril<uti>in Lhiil llit/ cAlili'-it 
b* ««ll qIhwoI in Aof of tSu abort 

irTnu|«L~ Then oiOKliv dlff»T bvm 
<iij til* rtT>|WwLto >li« «f lb* Hiaa iDdl- 
t hIiia] 

•> l.lrniL- of Niiturjtl SdI«cI<(1D| 
■ N'lrlli Jlihvricwi K**>fV,' Uct ti^ 



K IJ. 



of histoTT, Tbi-A» MTPnl Inrvrnttons, by wfitcfi man io 
ndest date hns b^comi- ki i>fv-<-nimeni> arc Uk' Jir<<l 

iii-tiir>r^'^ i'Uriwiil/. inui|ri»aiii>n, %vM ninwi^. I ciiiimit, Uirrt- 
f(>n'. uudcrTlABit Itow it i» tliait Mr. VValmce*^ naiDUiiUi 
timl ■' mlurml wlitlioa ixraVl unlj lm*e ruiluweO llie tavui^ 
VLtU ■ bnin a littk* ^UNTiLir U* tltal of «ct uptv" 

AUh<faE:h ihf inli^lKxIiiol poTrrw and Hxiaf hiiMts of 
innii irr nf |iHniinfiiint iiu]ir)flnniv tiT lijin. %v ii:iia1 iii>t 
timlcrmU* tlicr iiuporUntrr of bi* bwlily fllrur-(iire, to irtiidi 
fubjVd tbc n-n'utlmirr of tfii» chapUr irill bt ili^v»ti?<1; the 
il«vi-lMj»ri>vnf -if ihc iritHlwiiinl «h<l s'lrial or ntornl fniuU 

!■ ii;titnrt with iirr^iiiriu U no t^sT matter, nst 

'ty one who Ua* lih-d in livirn inryti^Tilnh vil) fiilrtit T<j 
irovr a etoii^ villi ft^ triie an aiui us a Fuegtoti in d«fcn<jiiig 
himvlf, or in killiux bir^lif n^^uiivfl i\w riuvt ^^'onmiicmattf 
prrfiHiitMi in ibj- mrrHatnl w-ilan nt the rnitAi-liu of HiM 
naoi). arm, »n<) ^hotild^T, and, further, a ^ixc at^ii-e of toocfa. 
In tbroftin;: a eiod' or ajiyir, anil in iimnj olhiT adionf, a 
man mtivl iiind rifrrkly on hw !vv\: mi'l rhi* n^'niii di'mHiiJtt 
fM'rfi^'l (.-fi'ntliiFitjttion of rnTiuTCiii^ rnni4rl<'a. To irhip ■ 
Lbt in1<j tlw rui:!t«l '.uol. ur to forni 'i bnrltd ^jiear ur hook 
m I<JD(', fffnumti* th'* im* of a T*<-rf<*i'| Inim!' for, ns n 
f«piibk jncljt*", Mr. Srhontrrnft/* r^^arke, the i^haplng 
mlfl of blone into krl^o. luuict. or arru^'lir'Atls^ ahi'wn 
ertraordlnarj aliilEly and \\>ufi [tt-At-t'tee" ThU i^ la a 
jgivat cvtctil proved hr tho fiict Ihnt ^mmcvjil men prodiaed 
m rliviMin nf labour; vtmh nian di«I not niaiiur^Hurc hla own 
fitni tiwit« or mile pcilterjp but eerlutn individujilf appear 
to liave (Ivvol^d (bcmfrlvcn to mirh work, no d^nbt rvceiving 
in rxctiniife the produce of ibe obaee. ArL-Euruki^-i.-r^ nrtt 

an. Thii BmitjKi it iuD» fuHv (ii»- 

«vm4 IB Wr Wollhvi^ 'iWrLhU' 

J vbbjb «]| ih4 '-MAT' 
r n Um irrffc ur rr^nl*- 

l<#ru.<i UK ' lliffcf g<i Hmii,' hv 

«aff «r ut WHM A)Kinn[9hwii aa.Lpv 
fiAtfaa Kiiptiv.ici viAKtrIc i>ftb1W'nl 

r*ri--r'- --.1 Id injF tut 
I ■ hm K*J 

' . ■ ■ ' Jt 

Uk^Th .! Se- 

lf Om^QAAf , : , m tt« 

* Aolhm|toloirii^Bl Kitifitv.' Mat iHC-k, 

|i. c:lviil. [ c*hnri*i| lion* nvilpl '^uirtuui 

o'liNiDMh aKrtbn U t L t iW t-im itf 
imiurmt •bIhIIooi UfiPHcf^^Jly \'- Mr 
TUrwln, qltlroivh, » u WfU knuHfi, 
Ik: i^rut'li i/tit Uic ii^n iJiOcf^^rtnli nily, 
wl f»bb1>h<^ iL, Oiijiitf h not iivilh ilio 

■■^^tfVtfJ by Mr. ]j*irti. Ttll \D 

Vitk^ h*»itfNiiliir»|s<[*4'Iiciii."- 'imb- 
Lifi Uuurii'i:* J<'uritiil if nr^ti- ftl ^cL- 
ufi.^«. I'l^l'. \'^''. J>r K.iJk^f » Uk*. 




our Ano44torf Ihou^hl at ffrin<hiij£ <'h]|>ped \Unii into sm'>i.Uh 
tooK Unt* vta hatiAly di>uU. ibat a man-Ukv tLniumt uliu 
potwi:*iHl a hatid and ann ^ufRon-nity |»p-rf<vt t» Uitiiv Ji 
■toiLc* nith prcciKtt>i), or Ut form £ Ihnt into a rud# tool, 
could, Willi MiffidcHt prartitr, n* fnr is m^cUamcal skill 
n1ui}0 V* L'onc^rtked, iiielii^ «lmi~Bii nmihing vhtHi n civiliunl 
tuon ean atakt*. Tbt' ntfuoturo ol th^ hand in lhi» n^iwcl 
m»y U' ri>in(>nrrd with fhat of tlie vc«r4il ur^ns. wULb in 
Iho s|x>« nr« uned for uii^ring vamiiii fi^riiU^ri^^, or> as iji 
oni> K^'iius, aiufiiioj ndoDCi'r; tut in man the cbiviv ^imilur 
viM'uL iir^tiK luivi* tivLM>iiii^ ttdaptct] ihrougli the iiiJuTitci] 
rffivta of iiM* for the tiUvnnw ai an'ivultiXv Inii^uage. 

Turning' now l*> Iho ncnn^t allii** ol iiu'ii, and th«rL'fort} 
lo ihtf Wsl n-pivwnlativi'B «f our rarl>' pr^irvuitors wo find 
Ihul ih«? hmiOit of iJu* (Jnudnimutiu "r*.- I'tinntriittHi i>n tlip 
Ninir i^riiornl (Hitloni up our n^vii, but itrc fnr I^^a* pLTr^otlv 
pda|jkn] (sjt divi-[?itit-il UK^. Tlieir liuiids i)u Dol ktvc f^^r 
locoiLLOtioii Ml u'oll titf lilt- twi cif a do^: a!4 may be i^i^n in 
ftUdi tntinkn^fl jm lUt^ L-hiiiipjinnv nnd urnnj^T wincli wulk 
on lh<.' ouU'f inar^'iriji of Mir |iMlniH. or ttn tht knucKli'*." 
Their hand^, hc"Ji4-vor. uru oUmmibly adapts for climbing 
tier*. Monkeys *oi*c t^in bninchce or ropw, wi(h the thumb 
on fine nidt? and thi* fln^i^n mid jiuhii on \hi^ otht^r, in thr 
ftHiBK* inmint^r Jitf vi'4- ilo, Th(*y (<iin tliuf^ nlno lift rulhur laifpe 
ol>jM:*, mich fls the riftk of u bottle, to llieir mouths- B*- 
}nj.irifc Itirn c>\i>r mJihu-'*, and tH^rukli dp rw'ifi «illi tli^ir 
hond^ They ai-^ae rjut^, iuAwdi, or othi^r snmil obji'ctB with 
Ihr thumb in oppoAJtioii to the fingers, and no doubt tliey 
thiK ovtmrt r^Qpi »nd Ih^ yonii^ frtfW Ibo ni^AU of liinU. 
Anioi'ic^an nionkeyi^ In^al tliL' viid oruiij^^^ on the brAncliefl 
uulii lh<' rind ia (TAckei], nml thnn tiror it olT with iUc fin^crv 
cif thi* two hutulK- lu n vrild stJili* ibry brt^ab opoii hiirfl 
frujtfl »itb ^nne«. Other nionki^ya op<*D muM^I-»iliell8 with 
thi< Lao tliuiiilia, With tWr {iiitivr!» thvy pull out llmni^ 
wnd hur*, and Imiil for i-m'h othi»r"ii pamflittm. They roll 
d*jwn rttonri, or throw them ni tl»eir eneiiiiop: nevtrtlivlrw, 
thry an- L-luut«> ju thc-He vhriotit^ actions. And, a^ 1 have 
invM^lf w*vn, uro <[Uite uuabtu lo throw a «tou« with pre- 

It wt*mM Xi> ni^ far from irue iIiliL Wnin^t' ^' oliji-cTti are 
gniA|XKJ clnniiuly " by uiuuki-y*, "a mudi U-** vpt^'mWiMd 
or^& of prchcn*i«n"" would hate served them'* equally 

* OvT*f], * AiiAtomr of V*n«|irBi«.' '■^Quirtorl^ Havitw/ April lv«*,^ 



cii4r rt. 



vipXi with Umr prtmni li3Ti<te. On tlie <yin1niT7, I mmt no 
rra.-4»ii X*j <loulil \kil nion' jHTfrctlj n>na(rvirtcd hanH* iroQld 
iuiir \nHn uij ■livAiiljp ti! l\t*^axr iiniiiili't! ihiil lli^^t' w«« 
rji 1 tliu« rvri\k-n<i1 li-f Tillrrl for uirritnn^ trvof^. Wc mjir 

Im-n ilL^ilTdriU^iiiLiP iur rliitibiriK: t^r tht- nH»l HrbitrvAl 
in'>nk4'j> in Hit- »fod<), it«mclyF At«le« in Ani^riiv, C«Miud 
lA Afncn. and JlyloUir* in 'Am, an- titln-r thumbtcm* or 
llmr kiiv |>ur1u1l)r oJjiri', ai> that Ibvir Unilw iin* convvrUicl 
lala mtTv e^T^twa^ hooka." 

A« 0Wti Q» «oni^ nticienl mcrttiW iii Ui(= k'^uI ^i^ritw uf 
(lie IVjiutV>^ on>p l^> U> Ici^ Hi1ii>ri'ii)» ohitl^ Ic> k ^'haii|{^ in 
Its niaTtiiT-r til I' ■ r . :iilj*ij4iTKv, ot tf* fioiHi* fhoiii:* in 
lJ»r surruHixiiTi. n. r.otw, Ixf- hatitiial ii]a]LD<.'r of prv- 

<^\i-^^'wn ^fi\i\i] h'vt» b^;i ijirjJiTii.i.i: viul tIiue* l| uouU hnrr 
'jt'i.11 feivl*?n.Hl ajorv atnelij utiodni |>liIb1 or liipr^inL Ila- 
U*oM fn^iiMHl billy and rocky difltrifU, find onlj fnim 
riH^rwil^ Hiinb tijgh trix^:^* Ani ihoy h«vc acqujred dlniMtl 
Itio isoit of a dcijf. Mtii aloiw has bocomc n bijicd; nnH ire 
cnn, I think, p«r1ly wc bow he lio* come I" nt^LLtiLr bi« errcl 
uttiltifk, uliiHi fonn* one of bw in-wt f*i^nB|iioiK>iH chsirat*- 
U*n, Man ojilU nr^l hn>i.- Atl/iin^t] bid prv^^Eit ilnjiutmiit 
(i^iMlion in Ihr norbl wlE}ii»iiI tfn^ umt of 1ti» bunds ^lii<b 
*rv> Ao ndmiraMy iiiinjir4>d l^^ nrt in ohprlinnop 1» bit will 
Sir r. Bdl "' iiwlf^ i)itil " ibi" JmoJ nupjilic^ ull iiintruKuntrt, 
aiw\ hj iU L<iirri*i|ji'itdriirj^ wilU ifir inlMWt ifivr* liliii uni* 
vi^feal tlomininii/' But ihv bnncU nnA armf cmiltt bar<lly 
hate bit^m<- ^•r^ftt-t «nuti^b lo hute manvif&i'^iirr.-ii wt^apoiia. 
or In km- Eiiirtnl t.tatm ani] Kp*iir« ivlfb u intr nun. hh luti^ 
a« they vera habittially o^ed for locomoHon and for i^upprt- 
iitg the whrnli* irri^i^bt of ih^ ^K>ily. or, b& h*er>r(? remarked, 
HI InnKK* ib'iy "'^K' n»mviall) tUt*-*! forL.liinbtTix In-™. Suib 
r'>»^b Irr^tniE'nt wr-iiW nU'^ hnw hlunUd th*' )»i?nfli? of tourh, 
^iti nbii'fj Iheir ili^titnli^ \i>^' lj[ d^-pend^. Vinm flic^^ 
catitm aWr it vnuld bnvi< \jlvi\ aa nitiaiilnge lit fTiiiii tu 
bc<>otnr n bjp^l: bnt f<ir mAny prdoTid it tn iiidiE|wn^bl« 
IliAt Ibt' sniu inil irbole u^^«-r jmrt erf Ihc t»ody should be 
frvp; AOrl br Ritlid fnr thiii «'ni1 ^fdiiil flriuh on bi^ ft'4'L 
T<i irvin 1UU grml ndvautiLirci Uic fvct bcvv, bi^i^n rvudcrod 

** Iei fl^frtt^it lytt^ArffiJut. M tlie 4 bdieroliniborthirithv'ifnrWiil ilw 
ribM' fW^W*. iwd vf Uq bB«« rrffD- •1H<4f«i'frft. I du uol kii-irt^ U -Iw' 
Iwlf <Tf^Af#«. fr^l Ih'«. »• Ml Kl>IJi i-rvi-it nuti.^MhftitirrH'nl tricululh*. 


t-u vtitfbir 'Jru£d«^' not, p, n^ 


TRK Dtt*CKST op MM. 

Put L 

Hat; and tli«* frn>H1 iae tin* Ikh^i ins^ulhirly nkodiUmV l^^otigli 
Mb has fntail«l Uic nlniMt [y^mplot^ tc8& of its powvr uf f»rif- 
lirnsiuii. It acctmj» u'itli ItkL' ^'riiiciplv of tliir cliriflitin nf 

iiMTlolojjciuil InbouT^ prvvftihni,' lhr».iU)(Wtt iJu* unimol kinj^- 
lorn, tlipl nji the htuA* Im^cwiu^ pcrfoi^fr*! for pr^hrnsion, llio 
fvpl hIuiuIiI have U-lxidio p<-rfectvi] fur iLiujjoit uuJ Imomo* 
lion, Willi ioiiie Mvages, however, Iho foot hus^ riot 
allogcthcT lo*<l ill" prviiciiBilo uowit, 00 nlicwn by Ihdr 
maiuier i>f diuilNnj; Inm, ana of u»iii^ tliOTri In otlier 


If it (>o en aclfantagG to mAn to itnnil Hrmly on hiM fi?ct 
mil] Ui liHve liiA lieuil^ and snnsf fr>c. of tvhidt, fimii lilit 

Sn»-«ininfiit tfuf'c^st in the tjj^Itli? of iif«, there can be iko 
otibt, then I cnn kt no rvitran nhy it Ahoald not hii\'t< U^cn 
udvuiilH^Miiiri Ifi Ihi* |>n>g('ijitnrH nf ninii Iji haii* Wroint- 
mofv umi niort t*reol or hipodni Th^y woiil*J Ihiie hav<? Icen 
buUcr ftljli* to dvfmd tbpiUJwKw with atcnicH or clubtt. to 
attnrk thrir prT'>. nr <4)LcrwiKt< lo filiUiii fiHxL Thr fKst 
bullC indtviduaU wouM in the long nm hove riii^ix>^ed hf«t, 
uid hiivr Miniv*d m larger nuinlx'r«, If the ^onUa and 
B fttw nllti'd forni:^ hud Wrmiir i-TtinL<t. if irii^hl hiivt' hti'tt 
ar^iiL<], u'itlt fiMvnt foroo and [ipfiarml truth, ihtd an animal 
rmild nut lijitt bi'oii ^radualtv conT^rrti'd iioio a c)uadmpciL 
into H l<i]u'd, iH hW the iiidiviihiiilH in an imprnit^liau* condi- 
tion woiiM hav>T Imrn miK-nihly ili-littt^d fcir pro^rcAFion, 
But Vke kikt^M land this i^ well wi>rth> <jf r*:'ftcctioii) thut thv 
anthrcpomorpliou^ a]}fs ar^ now netTra)!}' in an ini<.TiiK*dia1« 
condition; And no cne doubts that tht^y arc* or thr vf\ia\p 
viell adarded for their conditinns of life. Thus tlje gorilla 
rum with a sidelong shnmMinfz gait, but inor^ eommonlv 
pro(rrew*?i U\ re^tin? t\ii M hont Imiidi. The bn^ armed 
fl|ie* occaBionnlly \ir>^ {heir arms like cnitchc*, fwinjring their 
htH.lj« furn-ard between iheni, und fome kinds of Hy]ohet«^, 
ttitJiout haviii;- bwn taught, *'Bn walk or run iii)n*fhl >v'ilh 
tolrnihU' LjEjirknt'fl.'t; yrt thry tmiv^ nvkunrdly, and liiiU'h 
)u0» secnrely lH«n man, M> we, in ahort, in e^iolin^ mon- 
ke>'S a manner oJ pfojrreMion infonni^diati* between iHal of 
a (|ijndni|>nl and n thpcnl^ hut, a^ an nnpn^judin^f) judjfc'^ 

turn vti tHit B\K(* by ■vliioli mill hv 
OJtlEi* * lilji«>i: * nitftrLidh* HvhAp- 

ftinntfvHhl^ljW l>^^ f^ »T I'r. 

tVOd C«HB of llj« UM of Ul* ftM H ■ 

prtbcvnit avuHt faf fma; whJ liu 
atowluaa on th« minntr of pnjtf n*- 

i»bn lit thA higher i>t>«^ Ia irhiHi I 
aLIuJ* ill itiv fulli>viiiii v*r«jrr«|jtk ; 
H« k!^ Ovm i^ AnabQin^ of V«rti^ 
i>m«,' vol, lU. p. Tir 'VL trtiH ^icitf 


n rmf Hnva, Ij ('nriHEilimnii rim 
Vfvi^lim MuJuli-H 'ti lit V 110 il' Air 

thiDpaLc^{^' irTv, f- UO, Ltcpunt* 




suKstER or ucvjxoFJuurr. 


ntrr* nMirW lo ih« n Ui thi* i)iM'Jrti|:H<iU] typp, 

A* tilt prni;;enit >rj ■>! uuui bcmnc inntc unH mori' rnvl, 
■itli ihcir immf- ntu! flrnw morr »iifl mon- mntiifinl Tor p™* 
hftikiit'i; nuA 1' -i'ts nilH tht^r f«^l ftnrl Lt»jc« at th*] 

niu« linitf iiii^ r<»r [^rm biippur! and ^roptietfioMi 

^ncUn^ it^h^T Lhdii^i'K of Mnii tun' nnul<l Imvi- Tit^EMnn* tii 
E»nnr Tbv p<i|vU »<»ul'l hnvt To he btofKlrnrrl, ttic* tipiiwl 
vtiliArW curTfxl, nnd ibt" hciid flicd in iB «lu-n^d position, 
til nliidi rlidrfj^M lidve Ihevii HllAitinl by man. Prof. Achimff* 

[of Ib^ b'jtiiAti #kiii! mrt the rcviiH of bi^ fmi pn^itioD; 

iml lh->e ptt>oeAMt« »r? nirtrri in ihe urmi^. rtjtMiftaiiBf^vl 

;c>. An<l An- ^inallvr in i1i^ ^rjnlla t|T«n »» iuiil Vamui^ 

ihrr Admctun-*!. which itpi^'ar ^*>nll^<l<^^ wiiU man'n rtvci 

T«iiif>nH tni^ht UtTi' Imvi* Vkh-h ihHv'I ll i* li-n' ilifflrull in 

liirtido h'tw f*r tlio*^ tfrrrlut-xl moflLlJu^ti.tfi^ arc- (he rvBtiU 

|of nalurnl selettion, «q(3 how far al flK- mlirriierl clTr^:U of 

l1hi* incnvu^il u^ nf iT-nuin |«rlK, nr »f l.ln* HHion nf oni! 

i-}jart on uioth^r. No douM iIk^o itusb^ of chaogf ofl€D 

ICT>-(>|ienitt; IbwH whon rPTUiiD miiwh-ii, nni] Ihr crr*In of 

ififin*! f4r «hirh xhvy irv aU0chf*ilp Wrf^nip i>nliirg#i1 by balil- 

i^iml UK, Ihu ahewti Ihut cvHam arlKttiB fin.^ buhihiallr p^T' 

tonnnt And mtiil hr w-nir^nMr. Hrmi- Ihi^ iruhviiiunU 

Inch fB-rforirftd th^m bffil, wr^uM tend to £inTiT4> in pvar^r 


Tb>* frvp ti>r nf llir jitiEin iiml hjinUh, [mrtly (hf rjtuu- 

H in an inUirtct manner to otlicr iiuHlillt^lionF^ of Mriio 
on?. Tlir I'lirlT am\v fnrefrtiliern nf iraai urre, an f»rcvi'n»*ly 
!at«d, prohnbty funnjihrd with ^jrvut rnnino 't<i«lh; hrit rh 
\wy t[Twdnn\\y acc|U)rci1 the hahil of u»inp Hlonc-4. chihi-, or 
iHhcr tt*ii|M)i8. for ^i^'hTir)- with lltrir ^'l1f>rrllo» r^r rivii}f. they 
'WouM ufv ttK'ir jnvb nnd M-lh hw: and liw. In lhi£ c»>-<% 
iho in*'*. In^sirh'T ttilh thf teeth, would hcconif reduced 
'in miu^. A^ nv rr>Ay feiO ^tlTmi^l ^urc frnri iiiridtni'mlih^ aimlfi- 
lp»u* cm™. Ih a ftiiurr ihifttcr Wi^ nhul! mM with u doBuly 
|uirii1lel (Af>c, in the Tednriinn r>r I'l^mpkle diwipjienrnm''' '^t 
ibe rnnivn Ipcth in ninlf niminflntR, njipjirrnTlv in ri'ljitton 
trkth U«^ d^dopif.ofit of ihoir homa; And m hoiin*6, ta r*la- 
Uoo to tbcir hnhit nf ftuhiirig; with their incinrir tccUi nnd 



Id t)i« ndult nuilt Emllirttiftriiiinjlioun afuN tu Ruti* 
jinfl nihr;K, hnrr iiuibiPLl, it is ihf ^ffrtt i>ti tlie 
FkuU (if tho jrrcni flo\'<ilornicn1 of tf»« jjin-iniT^ifB that 
c«Uf«6 it to dilTt.*r tut ^it.-ath in mdnr rt^8^(-Ifc fiuni tl:4t nf 
Ifliiii, and lias i;i;'L-Ti In tli«t» immmW " i Irulr frightful 
phyMOdnomy.'* 'J'Jirrcforc, ni^ |hr jHw-i nnd ti^lVi in mairtf 
projfcitilorf gradually Wome reduird in »Ju-. Ihr atdolt 
ekull wi>\jtd havo ^tLTie to reBcunble mort* piid inou^ ttut of 
ejcwtms man. Ad wf ahuH ht'fvnflcr M*r. a grvnl rcdnHidi 
nf thr rfinir<^ tt^lh in tlif in/ili'* wiiuUl ainio*! t^riiinlj 
aff*>ct lh<* lw>(h nf Ittf fi^males thn>aj;h mbi>r]taii(.-r. 

Aa fh* varioua irn-'utal focijlliai jn^dufllly *lovHt>pft) 
UiPTnwU™ ilu* liniiii w<juM fllnnwl (M-Hflinly Ixvnmp tnrgjcr. 
No <ino, I pTVMJtiic, dnnbu thai the ^argp |>ro|<oriiiTn which 
the Mec f>f t[idrr« Win bt-nn to his l>o<!ir, rfim[MinH| tu thr 
Mmi^ |Tri]|ti)riiiiii in Itir j^nrflta or fining. U <]{u;t>ly conntclM 
with hiK hi;jhor montnl pr>w4if*. We mwt wilh rl'"*8r*(y analo- 
goufi fact? u'ilh in^Mf?, for in anib Mi<? oi^ri^bral t'h»;;t!ji »n 
of L^virMciriTiruiry diiTifii>ifi>nK, mtiiI in nil i\\*r ItyTiii'iiiiptiftv 
lhC(i<* pin^-liii ail' many Vitncr- Inrifcr limn in the lo«t intc-llt< 
gml jjrdci'?. *ijfh a» bf^j-tle*." On the uUkt Ii«n4, no oiie 
Eiij>pos<^ ih£t tho tnlolWt nf any Iwo animals 'it wf »ny 
iwfi men can ht^ dtvurntpk ^uk«*iI by the cuhR- <wnt«'nt» 
of their iJc;iU». It is pprlflin (h»f. thrr<* mny In* rxtnuirHinar^ 
tn^nUl adivity irith an extii^melv »inall aWhite maaa of 
nervnua mntter: thvia Iht wcjndcniill> divt^rHiltwl trtfltiocta, 
n*rntiil powrm, und fltTrrlioir^ of utiU nr*' iidiorioiu, ti'l 
th^*r <^T^1rrat gnn^list nrv not £>> lir^^? an the 4ti)nrt(*r of % 
nmli piriN limd. rrilvr thiti ii'>jnt ^f vti^ir. tho brain of 
*n ntit if tmo of thi' muxi mnrvoIlDirf* ?ih»m> i>f tTmlli'r id Ihr 
>S'oHf|, porhflfP m""»n^ no thnn iho hnim (»f a mibm- 

Tlii-' ht-llvf iKat tht'i't t^xi*lK in iTiaiL some <ltjw rc-lalwc 
hiHwH-u th'* nAi^r of Iht* bruin hdiI Ihr* devi'luirniriil ftf ihr 
i]itrlli>ctiial faculties i» Mipport^d hy thf cnijiarivoc of Ihv 
Hlctjll^ iif AoiMfc a&J civtlip^d rnc-o««. nf ancient and modem 
Hc'if.ile, and by the analog of Ihe wholo vprti^hmr^ wrV^. 
Or if- UAmani Karjn ha* proved," Uy Mionrwwfnl miMdUitr- 
ment*, tbal the mean iidimal ea|ia<?ity nt thi* ►ktill in KtirE>- 
]M:*an*i h ^'i.'S oidkie inrhf*: in Ampneans d» ^: in AMiitieK 
t*7.1: nnd in AnKtratinrs vnh 81. y culiic iDcheB. Pn>fOfiw»f 

f* - Dl# C^rmuvi ilrrTMn™flt*»lftp 
JM M«H SCml'v- I'm, ti«, tiA'i. f- 

itbMV-^ni tfiir 1111* Hit nrrUral L'UiiTlIa 
ft ill*" /'-<'*«^m »^/flh 
*'' IlktlwsphitfftlTfionwltTW.'litftt, 

Ca*^ n. 



Bmra** fonmT tbit ili« nlnrto^nth fmior^ tknlb frum 
^nvt^ In ParH wen Urger tSnn ehota frofn Titilu of tbo 
Tvfirtb ccnlurr, in Uk- proporlicin nl H^4 lo H?<; ami th«l 

.1! ihi? fr^ntnl part t^f L)i« skull— tbo loat of ihc tn- 

f[ii.-tillvr9, rndiaril is p«fvudd«it tbat Ihe jjin^MTit 

inh^hitfltiu fkf RriUin hn\-p " mtjch irtnn^ ispdHmit f>Tiiiii- 

ca0M" than the tnciont »nhnTiiUnl^ NoT«rthtti?w, tt miiat 

Ir «i)niillril tlijil jri>n)e :iku|N of it-r^ hi^Ii autiqujlj* fludi 

« thv ftmmi* oii« of Ni«u<l(>rtlui], art- nvll di-vr>lo]K<il bdiI 

capackoUB." With n«p«c1 ti> Ihv tower aniniiiU* M. K. 

i^tel,'* hy cinapmnxt^ the crania <}f tertiur) ami rvcvnt 

DMijBniiil<L hflVingiiig to the Mint* itmiipv. Iihk innii^ i» tht* 

ttjif 'TxiPion ihat the brain w ^-ntfrHlly Inrjf^r mikI 

iin anr rmrrr cttrt^pli'i In \\iv iiK'rc ii^ci.'iit 

ihj thr itOitr hwid, I Imn* uhfrun *■ that th<» bniiDs 

dommlic robbile art considerably rcduc^^d in bulk, in 

Dinf^ uiili ihtHv t>f tlie wjbl rabbit or bare, and ihh 

tay be il*.nbtitw! to t»i«r barin;^ been cla*i*h' rouflned dur- 

mamr |:fDcnitinn>. lo Ibat thrr hare CTceHcd Chpir inltl- 

, innlliK-li, M>ivMs an^ inlunTary rDovi'ni'?rilA hut liiUi*. 

Tbtt lETtdtttllT iitcMaatiij: v-ei;-ht of tbo brain and dkuU 

mm mttil hMfc irflurrceii thr dovrlf>pmc-nl of the sup- 

^rtJn^ apiBal rrtluinn. rn^rc e«(«(*ri;i|ly nluUl br wa> Ib?- 

Mnin^' errd. Aa Ihia oharifjo of position w^ei Inrirt^ brought 

Irfiut, Ibc intrmil |ffi^'iurr ^f thr N-qin ^^'iH [il.^c* bnTr in- 

*nm) Ibp fnrm of ihf fiknll; ttn injiny fjirU sb^w Hnw 

ily Ib^ {ikulJ tti tb'jti iffooted. Fllhnol^^^ihifi Miove 1h»t il 

m^hfin) br tSr bird c?f cradle in whi-rh infjaiit^>< ^lr■-'p. 

hintiisvl ftpainui r>f thr mirKrliv, and n rlmtnt fmm q RPi'^^rr 

um> have permanently modified the facta] bone^ In yr>iirg 

'lY^yna wb<w beads bote beeoiiic iUcd vithi-r nidi-wava or 

irk«-ards '•winjf Ji dirtiwp, f>ne of the two i-yeu bn» i^hnrged 

pootion, ud the ehapo of titc flkuti Ime been nliorrd 

ft , . . Vai;l# « Lor^um 


« In ik>f iattmUdf injclt Jj»t t*- 
fcnvd K PwC Brft^ &■■ veil r* 
MiarV'd. iktx In fniiliw^t mttion'^ thA 

htwiPil fc/ it* ;'"-*i'«]iii>nn irf « cHAh 
AltevUvnri' Tub)*. vtAfe 

bk HiiDJ ll»1 *>njid triii<< 

NcHt fwnft^j .: . , . -!..! .n i*** *&% 
H* lilfc Ua Uit iXAcf IvQil, villi 

fvi, r.hjtr th* iDiub «Kpjt0Lty of Iho 
■ku^l of the tnclfDi Tntfladjtn o| 
ly^ort ia jTr«Uir ilian (JiM af lAMWa 

*i-r-)iii|»EjH<rvnAfl» <1c« t^i^^mOfm^ 
nifil* 'itibr I>nujVliutinD,' vol. L 


ii|i|iitionll\ I'v iW pr^'wuTV of the brain in a new direction.'* 
I li(t\i- ^ltr^Ht lli:iE Mitli ioii^'UAr«1 ralibite even ho trifling a 
Liiu-r ii-- Mir li^j^nLi^ fitrwan] of onif eardraga forwArd Almost 
i'M'L\ Unii of ilu Aull on that side; so tlint the bones on the 
i^^tpi^-iiti- ^ut^ iin loii^T j^trii-ity com«f)ond. Lastly^ if any 
iihuiiiil n\-w w iiKrt'AA' ur diminish much in general size, 
(mMu^iI ciii> iluitL^^> in till meiiUI (towors, or if the mental 
|iL>Hii^ wi'ir to W m\i\r\\ iiu-reaiM?d or diininiiihed, without 
rtiM .'iviii vbiiiiK'" ill Mk* niu* of the boilj-, the shape of the 
.i,\i\\ >u^iiKi jdini^t tvrTainlv Ito altered. I infer this from 
^^l\ i^{'-.\-i\;ii\\yii-^ ou dohK'pitu- rehbii:;, »ime kinds of whieh 

\u\\f Wx \( 1^ mm-h IdipT thnh the wild aniniAl, whilst 

^*i\^^■^ ■ \tA\\- i\-Lsm\\\ ikoiLrlv the same ^izo^ but in both cases 
Mil' \'\i\iii lut-> 1'ivo uim^h r\\liK\il it'lativoly to the size of 
Ihi' thnh, \i'\t I \tas lit tir^i mui'h ^urjiri^ed on finding 
th'ii lu .lit lUo.i^ i{it>t>i[s iKo tikull had Woine elon;nted or 
il>lLjii'ir^'liiili( . U^v iiiMaiuv. of two i^kulli^ of nearly equal 
Itit.itUU, \\u- ^•\^i- U>'iit u ^tilll raMnt and the other from a 
Liik'> i1t>itiv lu knid. iho fonocr xxtis J, 15 and the tatter 
I L isu 111 -< lu Irui^ibA' Mm- of iho iikOfii marked distinctions 
in Jillm'iU iM\-- ot itu'U i> i\\M iIk' >kiill in touie h elon- 
iMlid. .tiul lU »'IIki> U'lUitU'di iioU iu'n' tlie explanation 
.uvi'i'li'il U\ \\\i- Kii-^\- \'i lUx' Viibbii> iiutv hold good; for 
WrhLii u»nU Ovi'ii " ou'ii JTii'Iiiu' nn^tv lo braehy- 
ii|-li.ii^. .iikI ui!l nti'ii w v\A\\wK\-]'\iiiU :^^ *' and tall men 
iiMi In" 1 1'loiMivd v*ilU ^!iT* t.ui^rr !iud li*ii;:\T-lu*di^'il nibhitfi, 
a!l nl iilitili liil\*^ ,'1.>ni;:llid >kuIU. ol illV il»liih'iv])halie. 

1 i\^ui {\u--\- ■•x-\K-rA\ f;ul^ x\r i.iin uiulor>t;ituL to a oertaiii 
r^lnil. III.' uuMiw ^*v wbi^li []io LTiMt si.v iuul iDou' or less 
iiioiiiliil t'oiin of till' >kull h;i\i' bi'i'ii :in|iiiri-il by iiuii: and 
Uii:.' Hii' ili*nEtr(ri> I'minmily di^hruh\i' of him in fom- 
l>.iiL.kto Mith till' lu\(or animaU. 

Vhiillu'i' liu^^t rim>|>irtjou> diir'Tiiiir lirtwirn ninn and 
Itu toiirr akiiiMiilr^ is tlir n:ikiili>'-^^ 'if bi- ^kiii. Whalr^ and 
|iui j«it,.,;, [iVhuvat, diipm^':^ /SJn-niHj unl llu' bip|h>pota- 
noi iLir iMikt'd; ntid tilis nijiv lit- iidv)irifiiL''-oi]s to thmi for 
,,liiliii^: II i^li iUc water; nor w'i\iU\ it be injurious to 

■-' * lU.MH i.'l^''n lYiflii BlU' 'Km ''( 1 '■li"'ii«ik''r, uTicn* Uie hi*»<l 

■ ti I.I -I II ..I. I hi4«'^, ilii' L'UtH'K '»r llt'j ii Ilu'-iIumIIi h'-1'l f'-rH'^rl. the rnre- 
I >ki I -I'qmv Lii ' .\iLtljTii)iitWt|>. hi'jvl '■■ '^"Mh' ' riP'iri' r-iMibiliil And pmni- 

ii I . n J I M. |, k :■> lir. tJniT'HM iiM'M 

■ I'll' I I .^- I ■'-« II' n.^ llrL) ** ■ Vnriiilh'JN '.f AniiiiMl'/ Ar.,v'kKi. 
-'^- 1 .'I' I *"il In mi hiri p. I IT, "PI "I" ' I'ltL'Ml-ih <.f tJic ^liil]1; 

, I ' >M ■> .LI 'I lit. iM.Hlifl. p. n:r. Mil ihi- 'fli-i uf ihir IrpppihL' nf 
ii. -V b<il h iIh< Ym lunn'iiit.' on*' nir. 

[| I L , k.llM'khlt'Ll |-"-ll1.liL |1*H ** <J||'P|-'41 tt\ S'l llljHIIIU'll, ill ■ All' 

1 . L. > . ii..Lt Lit httk imnlti., niiH'l, HH |liM]vlfi,;- KuVic*,' Oi-t. i§«r, p, 4]^. 

Di^l ir-] 

I, Google 

ctttf. a 



•"i - *-, TT. ii^ it^ at vmnitli. m (bo spmci, witicb inliabit 

:|Ki«^ UK (h^ fur of fiiiiFr^ dnJ nttC?V, Klc- 
"fln> ■re iilriio*t Kiirlt^'v^. nnJ ab ucrijiu 
..ijii-l «jii 1 11'^ ih;*ic!i ff:nTi*TlT liTnl tiri^Jrr ati Ardir I'U-<", wrpr tcin'fvd wilJi lon^; uu^^I *>r iiair, ii iri-juVI iiTri'^t 
«jrficttr nt* if llic ^xiitilif v^h.-lic-i uf loUt >;rni:ra hud Wt llietr 
hiirr n»trrir.i: frfim c-x^KAuri' to hpal. Thia tm^eAri tb« 
Ti^nT<^ prolwMr, jui ihi> cloi.ih«nt« in hidta which liv? on d<^ 
luU ntMl c-fnl UivlncU an: ^iiorr hoirj ** thnn ihi^v on Ih^ 
'Urutk- Mny vo ihi'i Inrrr thiit mjin Wam^ diveetnL of 
UT itoin httrinfi %horij!^\nAi\y inli&biteU tHUUt^ tro|iiotl UdiI? 
Ml Uiv U«U 14 diidijr n-Uiiml in thr iiuiU' «rt on Uir r-ht^i 
'imt fdtv, Mii'J ill liolh vKPfi ni iho jiiiKlion ol all four hmht 
with Ihr tninl;, (utout^ Uiib jftfiirt^iii-r— ou Ihc «d#unif>ii<in 
laI iKc liAK w» Ivat Lvfuri! irimi Innatiir i-nvl; fur I}u' |BrU 
rhith Ti^tw rrrUin modt hair woulii iltc& hnvc K^rm mo*it pM- 
-(cil frixa tlic ticoi of the eiiii. The ci^^tn of Ui« UfAtl, 
irtdtrver, ofTcni a cvriuus ni'i-piioii. for «t all liiiiiyi it muni 
nv. boon ora? of the inori txpott>d jMirl*, _Y*t il U thickly 
lothH witli luir. The foct, howorer, that the other itkcin- 
■r>T rif the ord^ of rflmiiff^, to nhirli ifiHii Moiip^, h1- 
j>u|*li inhjibilinfT vnrioiu hot n^ioni, arv uvll elolhcd vith 
lir, j:roer#IIy Ihiik^et on the u|>pcr Mirfacr/' u oppo«cd 
tht KUpfTiftilinii ll Hi man lH>enme naked llirottf^h the 
lion of the tun. 3lr IMt Wiuvcis *• thut wUhiti tliu Imii- 
U jfi iiD nihAiito;;e l'^ itinn to be ii-.>(JtMU' of hoir, nt he i« 
LUtt eimbWd t<j free I)iiii4i:-lf of tbt> mniUtnde of tieka (ncori) 
and oth<rr pnn»fltcfi, Willi wTiich he i£ often irtfteled, atai 
wliith wuiv'titucs eau^e uIc4'iat]on, But wlicthrr tbitu evil 
U uf iiiflleient maf^riliide to havt? led to th^ dpnirdnilf>Ti of 
hi* bvidj through tidttjnil selocti4>n, may be UuubtT^d* since 
none of the niflny f[iiHdnijn'd* itihibitnip Uip trofile* hrivi-, 
1* far x 1 knov. be'|uircd anv fip«<cifl1U^d mf.ini of Mirf 
The VKV nhkh Hxna to mc llio ma*t probabli? le that man. 

vOvrtt.Vtii^Mnj of Vftuhnim^ 

'■^tfftar fti-IIIIiW r*' 

N>£ G^dAtkW torn. Li. 

I lbs hiwl nf niiri 

<ni.- hair : 'Ikp on 

tfjnrJ4 ''^^IJ tiirf*''fi. 

llBBlt - irinUt 

htlrttthinnpTMi tlh^t»k, whmir te 
!>■«]> riTiltptl olT. UinH in thr khwiT 

* The ' Nitlurftli'i m \ tmnijiiii.' 

Mr Dol|*B r\irw, I n»j qoiita th* ftJ- 

IrrtriTia pn«iip« l>iHii Air W, Donleon 
f Vurtiif> of V;M-fei»l*,' vol. i- 

!*7ft p. 4tf": - ll 14 "nH l*> ^n » l>nir- 
(Ic* ullfj 'he Au-ITbIIiwi". ^ll-"!" l''C 

r«Ti»iii|i'llri>ijtlv<iib(t io»inff4thimi 

In *i>iiii> Hjkt^'if^ tff \iavAcnti it Je loij 
nnd U fomn'tl *>! t^^iily'totir vt-rfl 
siitc of A Korccly veihk *timip. r 
four vpn*>V»r* Ir sninr kimU nf Iwl 
tivc, uhilftt 111 (he umiLilnll t\iv^ an] 
cniifliil TejtcVrn^, or, nrronlini; Ih Oi 
fivp, Thp Inil, tt"hpttj('r il K* lung 
tapc^Ts louahJB th>^ ond; and lhi«, I 
lliv nUophy »f tliv li-nniiiiil muult 
nrlnripfi mid nrrvn;, Ihrniigh diitiM'^ h 
of Uie terminal Wnc«, Hut no rxplnl 
1* ^i»tn uf tlw K^*"^ illvfrailj whid 
Icnifih^ Hcrf, JiowMtT> wp arL^ luon' 
with ihc cPin|>Irtc p\t"TnfiI iJiMi'|irnnij 

pptltf conaiifTc L-f i^o porlBODM, ■^^pjn.^rall 
from cflfli r.tbrr; Ih** SbsbI ptrtim « 
nwri? or {►"•^i jurfwlly phflnripllpi! aiifl fij 
B&S lifcp ordinary vcr1<-l>ms nlirrvnb L 
portion ttrt not chnnnHlrH, nrr almoit 
rmrniMr tnip vprtfhnp A lai], (Hoii^ 
h\^ U r^lly jtK^ni in inau nail Vhe am 
and ift i^nittniclF^cI mi txiictly r.Tir mm 
the iprmmnl |irirlion ihp Tprtflhnp. m*iki 
on* qnitp nidimfnlAry, ^einf- rnm-li ivdi 
ber, !n Ibp hiwi! [H«tioii. ^ 

Jim bhltihl finnl 





irv. Tbvsie «rc t>f fuiHrlfonil impAriaiHv hj imppoHiiH: 
ri^nnm'imrnitil imrtf iin<l in otbrr viy«; jincl th4*ir iivndilirj' 
tt'^n '•'■''. nfi.^J vttb ^h-' rnd i*r ?i-mi'<^iH'l otti- 
liidr << rfirrbni]himrjr{vtj<iiix o|im. Tliia iniM^lu- 

fiofi i> III' "-rlbj'r ■■ UrovM foravetly M4 n 

liTti. tliervfurv. it( iht l«Kit caurJnJ vf-rlcbm* in in^tii ihm] Oip 
Li;fri<.r ufHti fliQv bav« U«u elTi^^t, dircvtly i^r itiilirtcUy, 

Buc uhdt Arf- wo to «h^ ubout the ntdiiftpnUry nnd vnH- 
i]« vcrt«br» of the U'muiuU potUoo ol the uO. (oriaint: 
fAKvyi/f A notion which Km oftrn Wn, nncf will ni> 
n^fnin l>? rldicuM. nnmply, itiat friciton hHh bad 
felRitfthiiij; T« do with tke dTM|t;ieoninL-<> f>f the exionul por- 
tioo of Uv IdiU ij( Df>t m ndjouloru nx it nt (inil Appuam. 
AndiTum*' nl*iti-H ihjif tfir **ilrpinp[_T ahnrt Uil nf 
^aoM'W hnnn»eu« n fi>rTQ#d of cloven vf>rlebrH<, iieludih;: 
te imbedded bnul one*. Tbc cxli^mtty 10 tc^diitf^iia nnd 
^vnntAiiui iiQ fi-rt^firr; tlii*t u MirrnHrd hy f\\f txiihmttilaty 
4^n(«, F<> minute Ihot toother tLoy urt only ono Ltn? and n 
Iialf in !«n|rtb. ppiI tbciu? arr pr-rmdm-rtly buit ti^ one diilc 
tn tJi4- fiJiHfw cif A booJt, The Irve \^rt of thv tnil, ortly u 
bilk iboTc vti inch in lirn^th, indudfti only four moro s^wll 
Tprtrbnr, Tln>: fhori luil it c«rr["! prect; bni aboHt 11 qiivir- 
l^rof lis tntil lerfrili i^ tltinKU-r! nn li^ il<*H to Ih** T*?ft; nnii 
tbu trrmir*! purl, whirh itifhiilpR thp hook-like portion, 
M»nfp» "In fl1l Tip lb** mt^^rRpjir^ }M>fwwn rlic nppiT divnr- 
pvnX poftii>ri of tb<^ iiuJloMtK*^;" no Unit Vi<' auiinal aiU on it* 
AEiH tbn^ rtnd<*r» il ro(j|:b and ralln^iH, !lr, Andi'non thuii 
mmf vip hiH nbtpTTfltirirL'^: *' ^Ht^'^p f#HK ^em \*> top tf^ bntc 
only onf oxptHn^ifuxi; tbie toil, from iu eliort eizc, is in tb« 
monkvy'" ^'wy »i*<''J i* *il* down, and rnrpjciilly becomea 
plar^l ijndor tbii FLnimnl ifhili^ it m irt this ntliltidp; an^ 
from thr ciKur>ttlfliic« Ibat il tk'i^ not vxt(>Dd b<<vond tbr 
ritrpmilY of tbr iufbinl tubitriHiitii*. il sn^tns ft^ if tbr iail 
oripinnlly had ^v^n b#nt round by th^ will of tb*' itninml, 
LDto Ibi* iak'r>ipHri> M'*ocD tHo colloBitice, l'> fswapf* brin^ 
pniWHl brt^H'ti tlimi hihI ibp itrntmi]. and IIlh( 111 Litiii^ ibv 
«itrviitnn> beo«in« ponnAnpnt. ftttinir in of iuHf vb^^n Ihv 
<irp>n huppone to be aaI upon." Cndtr Ihcsc rircimnpiuncrii 
in nul narjirinnK 1^"* ''"^ uurrarv of Ibi' (flU sboidd Unw 
»(m rnughj'n"! flfid r*Dd<»rod rnll'tu*, and Ur Murie," who 
irpfixlly ob««rvcd tliis ^wcie^ in 1b(> Zooio^f4l ClArdooi, at 

■ >Pnc2«0l«f,ft(O,*l«Tl|L»0. •* rTW.Z«.1(«.Boo,*l«li.p.TAA. 



r*tT I. 

well RS Three ojlipr oNimIv hIIW ttmnn uitli ^ll^liMy l<iiigi*r 
lAili^ ta\t Ihflt *li«^n Ihe utunml nts di«ii, th<r tnil "''is rKM?cfi- 
«iril> fiinml lo one aMc i*f thr bnlWli*i mid wliellier Inug 
or Khort i(K rnni ii; (vnuyvjiiPT^lh" liwhlp In Ix? rtiljlwd or 
diflfed/' M "c iK»w hnvi^ ovi'.k'iuo Hint mtililnhonji cmx^ii- 
»ioun11v prodiKT ^n inhrrilrH f*ITr'tt," it 15 nol verv iiii|*nil)- 
nblr' tliwi in thnH-lwili'i'l moiitpyt, ibp ]ircjeclinp part of 
the laj), boin^ functional lly u^elear., dtoulcl nftrr mony jrcft- 
emtioim hnvr^ ln^cuniT^ rudiiiifulnrj niiri ilUlnrlcd, fniin Wing 
continiiJiUy nihhoil oni! Hinlnf]. Wt si'e llie projivtiu;.' part 
in l.hi» condition in th(' Mafactjs ffrumifUA. nnd nhaoliitHy 
aborled in iHi? iV. irc-ii i(J«fiiji mi^l in hi^rml of tbp higher 
jipc*. Fiiinlly, thi^n, iiu fnr hr «c mn ji]dp:e, the tAit liai; <li*- 
apprflrcd in man find Hie iMithroi»r>m*>r|T|imiB Hpow, owing io 
i]u' li-rminail |H)ilioii liming hwjy injiiml by fnctirm during 
II loiiji Inpsr iif tinw; tin:' Im^nl end »^nftln^ddcd portiun tinving 
bocQ reduced qdU itiodiiieil, to na to bct:oiiic auiUble to the 
i^rvL't <ir MrmtHTrMit pi>idf.i(in. 


I have imw fudefivoured to shew that wrnnr of Ihe inoal 
dUtinr-tivc chrtrflricrs of hjjui hjiv<» in nil |irohiiliilitv bepn 
rtciiuired, ritluT directly, or mrFfc ommonly indtrcctly, 
tlip.iuKli iijilur^il K'Kvlion. We ^liould ln-nr in mind tlial 
ninrlifinitiont in ^Iniriiiir' ori'on?iti(utiori which iln not *rrvr 
to ndBf^t Jin orynnitm tn its hnl^iU of hfe, l'> lh<^ food whkh 
it i-inifiiriii'i'. irr pHHii^cly to \)iv biirrrjiiiidrii^ L'uiidjIiEiiiM, 
mnrot hftvp U^rn thujt ncquiPtd, \\> riitut not. howi^ii-r, 
be loo confident in drnding whnt mi?diftcnti'>nh nre of nnrvioc 
Ut itu^h luTitiK- vf ^linuld iiruieniber tiuw IJItle wtf know 
nhoi^t Iho UM of many pjtrU, or wlxal than^ifea in Xh& blood 
or tiflBuea may wrv* to fit nn ofEnniMn for 1 new rlimnlc or 
new kindu of food N"op muni we foi^'et Ihe pnnciiilr «f 
lorfx^lntjor, liy vhirh, nr UU\ore fio^dtrov ha« shewn Iti the 
raw '^f man. many stranirc rkvintionti oi &lrurtiir<' nn' tin! 
lo^Klu-r [nd«[H*ndently of n»rf»'lalion, u rh^in^jp in mu- 
part ofton kadn. thron^fU th*' inrn^niJed or rieorenflrd iiw of 
other port*, to other chanpi-* of r quite un<:xpected nMiire, 
U h alio ttirll to retlert on siirli faet^. hh Ihr wnndcrfid 
0mrth of gnlU on fdantii cauiwd h} Uiu pojeon of an tiswct. 

III Ul* Lktcll. IbIiiII 

)!iTp4n\in1cnrtJn^ 0«»0f tilt iftpir- 
piiE-l^ liitiTaiiAl rilHt'* 'if iiHPi-i]i'pr> 

«ij|i)<'<^l ' VhiblL"ii i."pr .Aiilrtivl* iriil 



(^w. II. 




Aod ttu lltff n-fparkftblt cttth>:n of ctilfrar iti tht- pltUMf^e oC 

pWTDlA whrD frd JKl irriiiili (tubi^n, ijt iniMTilluTr^l uith i)w 

(koth^ti vf loo'!*;*' for Vf run IhiiiJ *»« tlk4t tl>c ITimU of tint 

u <f tfUcTVtJ for fvtnv tpvi:\a\ \www^ ml^til miJuOP 

' rluiiiKnt. We -^lunltl a^jHiullj^ fiear tit luiiul UiHt 

- for wiRh' uMfaZ paqviw, MvxiM probebljr In>coiii« Jinnl^ 

hI, Btlcl iniKl^l Im- loti;^ inlivrttrr]. 

fivpD to ttir tlirevt Jiwl iixljnxt rt-^ulti< of naluro) »>-UrlioD; 
iUl I nau Hiltritt. jifirr rtadriig lli<^ t*4Miv \\y NA^'t*Ii on 
pbntp, Kn<l tlip rriDHik* tiv ttthnu^ autlioo uilh rw|4H't to 
4mi»ali>, monr ^[HH'iftlly lliow nxvnlly mad* by l^of<«»or 
Hm-ji^ Ihiil in tfie rtiHirr nlilion.-i of my * Ori^'in of Sjh^- 
a<9 ' I |JVftui|4 dlL*ilmicil lob much to tho nttiuli uf uutural 
ft^Irrtioo nr tin- ^ujiinil of i\w fittest. 1 haw aUpivd Iht- 
Bfiti «!i1ion of th^ ' Origin ' m ae to ponfln^ n\j rpmnrku to 
MdaptiTP L'han^^w <ti 4lrud«re: tMil 1 am convint-od, from 
tl»r li>rlit jEdittGil rlutiDj: i^T<-n the InM frw ytoTsi, that vrry 
nuifiy ^Imrlnrini vhit^h nnv ]«|i|t#ar t^i ui; iiAplfAH, will h»rp< 
aitci" Li« pmvod to be uM'fuJ. ariil will thi:Ttfoiv cruaii^ uil/iin 
of natural wJi-cUon. Nt-M^Ttln^c.-u, I dul iial fni- 
("ontjilifr lUlficirntiT Ihv f>xifil<nrp of RlMifliir^ia, 
, M far a^ we nn al iJrof«»t jud^<?, uro DC-illiti-r bi'b(' 
a1 nor injuniiQA; nitil Uib I Uc^lir^r Ui l>e our of tlii^ jn'ml- 
owTvi^U iiK yi't tlrtm-twl in my wofJc, f in*y bp |rf»r. 
Itoii to my, nh some cJiciiw, that 1 haJ tno di^tiDei objects 
ill *it?« : Gr^lU. to hlicw ihal piwrii^ h«l mil \tvtn w\mraitAy 
rn'af*^). nrnl ic^oiully, ibM inituml *4»l*"ctioti hflrt Wrn tiip 
ohiivf UL"cn1 of rhurgi^ tl-koufti !fliEH> nided by tbc inherited 
' i~ 'I nliil. and Fiii;litli by (bt dLn-t'L nelicjii uf tlif MJr- 

< < <ii<btif>nif. I wti» rioi, hi>\\t'VL-rf jibK* t<^ HUTml tliL> 
liL'MT-- uf my former bfb^f, tben almost unirorsa!, thnt 
li T|KTT'^i hni\ liiw-n luirjiitt^ly (T*«li>d; and ll»in l*»d to 
y I' ■ ilK'H (hil yvory i)<'lni! oT Btriietun.-. t\(.'*?|*l- 

g r_. .:...:.! , inis of f«>mc wptvinl, thoii^b unrccojiniBrti, 
maL Any our witb ilii» sj*!! nipt ion in liitt mind wonW 
mmllv PtCend too far lhl^ action of natural B«Wlion, 
fwff fiuhitg past or prf^cnt times, Homr of r.hiKic who 
U tbi' [>ni>iriph' nf rroliitinn, hwt rp|pe1 niititnil nAtfv 
. w^Tm to forp-i, vhen <hlieiAinj: my book^ Ibnt 1 had 
oljjtTL'ln in licw; hmcr if I hnve errrd iu ifiT' 
1 v>li-<'tifvi y^TPni powrr, nhieli I lun »vry far 

lit probteni a few alcpa \rt 
i:inl^ mii^t tiiivi* hfti) if* HlirJi-Ti1 
whaU'Vor the}' miij be, vcrv in at-l 
gcticolt^ ilunik^ n k'nt^lhoncd peril 
rcAMD can Ix? an^ifCiK^). iho reiviltl 

icHil, ounmif 1k< kept luiifrirm thrl 
tlHJU^h tilt- injiihoi]>; VieII 'm' (tnin 
of character uoiild, however^ natural 
tfiimoft tiiiiformil)' f»t the noitttf mi 
ih^ free* inlercroH^Inff of many ii»*1ml 
eivc pvriotb, the Kttmi> urpiniKin mif;l 
quire Fijcce?»iv^ moilitli^lions, which 
in a n^flrly iinrfonn txaxt as 1i>n^ afi i 
maiitui tlir idRtr unH there wan fm 
ivflirf'ci lu lh<^ eviring cmc'rit wr ti 
Kp^kir^ of flt>'ca1If-d ppontanerms vn 
hit mvi**h mcirt- cloeirly to the C«iial 
(irvnciiMn« thnn t<i lh<* Miliirr of thi 

form iiii}ivHua1 liilfori-oo*:^ or aliirhi i 
■rrrc Ihi* i-JirK firo^^iTMli^r^ t>f tiiau' 
fomipriv indncpd hv tti*- »u«ui 


Ctoar. IL 

mansbe op DEVEUjPWENT. 


fiemn, aUo. an vr friull brfinftr^r wc, UiBl vnrimiA uininpar- 
lant rhimHcr* ' ' - i< ncrpiml hy nan throv}^!! tii^\u,Al 
n-Kotit^n^ An n J r>-r<j<ii]uiEi of cliiiiij^t mufit \rc left 

tu ifif a?«uiiji-(l iiJiLfijijfi McLiiiii i>f llii>%'' tiiikriiinii nj^^ruiiv, 
vhioli ucfaiifitiAlly iiiiiurp iltoDifly nmrki-d i\i\t\ AlirLt|it d^- 
rialiiffiit of ^Imrturf ill onr d*>mcMic (*r(.-lui-i»oiib. 

Jbd^u^' imui llie LiilritB of Bji^ai;*'^ ami iff ill*- ^rrfulrr 
nuititwr at Uu^ (^Judncniiiuji. iirittKn^l mnn, gml pr^ri thi?L[- 
a|H«-liki; pctiifitiilorv, pKlmWy liv*^d in tnicictjp WiOi vtrjctly 
Htfi»\ jiriii)i4lH, n^ftlural wlfrlion »orikvTiiEiiv telu on ttii* indi- 
iidtiiil, tkriHich ihu pnwfvutian uf ^uiUhunA wliicti ntv 
Lrnr^LUil to xht comiDUiLitv. A coniRiHTkity Hindi JNthiiJi-^ 
a \hty^p iiumlvr of uell-eD<li4i^i] iniliitilimU iiiciv^HeFi iti 
DiimbfT, and ^B vicionoiiB oivr cIIkt k'js fntourrd omi^; 
«vrn fiUhoitf^h <nth lojinnito mrmlicr cainA no iiilvnntijitrc 
iiTi-r llii- olhcrv «f lhii ^nrni^ roniEnniiity, ,\i-wic-i:il<>i| iii^cli: 
\ta\*> that!- nc'f|i]ir((l niuny ^L'^ul^ka^Ji* film^'Erjri-d, wt^L^li un* 
of liille or nu prfiiv' lo ilir indiTidniil. *«ch ajv tlii- |iollen- 
roWrtiinji iiptmmliEs nr ihe «lilig »)f tlih> unrk<^r-triM>, r»r Ihr 
erv»X JAVH of R'ldic*f-aQU, With Iho bi^Jior ^>cifll AniinalB, 
I mil tio( Auarr tluil niiy jitnicCun* ]ini> \ta^ti mutirivi) solely 
Tiir IIm* ifond of th<> (ritimitmit^', though Enriir nrr of ^itriktuT- 
Axr torriW to it. Kor iLislrtiiff?, tho ln^rii!* of niimnonl-J anA 
ihV jcTvat riiiitir tLi'tli iif litjImoiM npjjtiir tu Imvo beeu ac- 
<]T)iroi) Uy tli^ maii-i as U'<'(1|kiiib for wtiiul ittnfi'. Inil tbfy 
»n' Uf*t'l itj i|rfi'iir>r of l)it ^K'fd or Iroop In n'>:iiMl !o o<*r- 
lajii inrtilid p4iwi'» ihi? rJliv, as H'l* pliull M'e in tlie Eifdl k.'linjp- 
Irr. IF wholly ililTrrrnI; for fhcn* faciillK's* \in\'v \\ dik^ny. 
or vwn twhiAvAy, \:m\€n] fur Ihc Iwnrfit of ihc coHimuinty. 
mil llie itiditiilua]^ ihiTfof liflvt- at tht Miiie ttute t'liined 
nn Advitiil^gt' inditvi'lly. 

It hw iifli'ii Vt»n olij(*rt4'd lo fiiiHi views up tin? furc- 
KojD;;. tlml mail it cjnt> of tPu- niuit iioljtk-Ae and di*f«no^l^^ 
crvitliirr^ in tlic ivoH-i: and (hat 'furinfi; hiii cnrly uiid Ecco 
wflUf^irltjted ffiiidiliTiTK lu' waulJ liav*? hvtn slill jjmiit' 
hi-lpk*M^ Tli« l^ukf <if Ar^>tl. for iiinlflnce, inaists'* thnt 
"the humnn frmnc hn" fJivi^rirnd fT^m the *lnniurt* of 
hrniw^ in Ihi* dlnvlinn^of gr¥Bl<?r pliy*iriil iiH|il('**ni'** >nil 
iiri-*iilcm<w. Tlidt i« to 6nv. it i« a (]ivr-nfonri> which of all 
nllwn It in iDont inipnwiltW toftv^riln? to int^re natural w^Iec- 
linn *' TIp aHdDrpv ihi* tinkoH nni! iinproiirL<tt<d Kliiti^ of the 
boity. ike abwnvr^ of ^ivai li^lli nr clnw« for J«foncp, thi* 

••< frinicvil lltf^< l«ax p. «l 

wtitch llto Ijiuvr art- 
llH'ii full de7flo|*im^nt Ijy '*i' "^ 
UfMl bj Ihi'tN ft>r iSkflilin^ with Ih 
which nro not ttiua i»rovnJwl. mm 
In rt'ifOni l*> lioflily srw or ^ 
vht'llier riuiii is »ie*->*mlH] fmin 
Uir ch]m|*iiKi-'t*, or from odi' us 
iiml. thi;r»'f"0.\ wo Cttrii<"t *ay whrtli 
and ^lPiiT>ucr, or >Ti»flll*>r nnd wpa 
Wo ahouid, Iioi*o<t, lnnr i« nriiiJ 

in^ eTi*i\i Ti|xi\ »ltrD^th, UJirl frrcir 

ffcnlTa, oould defend iUfllf fii»m nil 
mpa Ixavo bwtinn; M»cifO; aud thia 
Imvt phrrkrr] the ju*(}uin-Tni'Tit nf I 
ti*fi, auch w vymynihy snd ihe lov«i 
it ini^'ht liavi' Ih-cd au immtiit* mlig 
ii|inJti;f frmii >«fni' rniiifiiin^livr^ly wj 
Tlip ''mnll *itrrnj,'tb «n(i fpivd of) 
lal ni^a|Hi|i«, A*. . arc iiitut Ihajj l\>U| 
liis iiiit-llc-iMEul |H>u<'nt, ihnnj^^b wfc 
himnHf woapotii<, tool', Jrr.^ though | 
Imioua frtdlr, uud. AeeuiiJty, ti} lti& 
)ciil him lo f^ivv nuf! rcceiv^v aid Trtf 
oountry itt fhr norld af)OUtid£ hi a ^ 
^TtottK l^tiMt/ than Stuith^m Afnc^ 
mi^-ro ft^arful |i1iyftH»l Hnnkhijii fhaii 
(inr ol thi^ pHnir^t fif rjiop*. thot of 
iin^lt in SfHah'Tii Afi 

4n t)ia AtriiA 


cmak flL 

inraTAL e^wkkSh 


mvflg», Ittd ihty i»hfil>t1«iJ voni^ Ksnn rontin^nt or Ur^a 

ic now tbc hf^ttio of tlic nnmiT' Ancl nAlarnl At^Irclion nriKJn^ 
fn»Mi tli4* miTipfltitfnii fbf IrlVx' with lnU\ in >ioinp biir^ l^rg^ 
tna •« oD(} i.<f t)u<ei.\ lii^'t'ltjvr with ihv mhiTLlMl t-lk^vt^ o( 
hftUt. would. UDdcf favouralk cxiitJEliotiii, have ftulEccil to 
liw nun bi hU pmwiit higb jKutUioti in 1^0 organic salc^ 



Tfc* Jilfirifmfiii nmni^ pfiv«r bolvccn the ti^T^eil ap« hud liic lowal ht- 
aifftt immnni**— -i'«n4Mi inatitioU m i^/immfLn -'L'hr funnUivit -rimmtv - 
liillUtiH) — AtkQLJ'JiJ UvliiUT}! Iiitiit;iiitliulj ^Diiauu rTV|fnAi«d nil- 
fii>T*gwat— TOft^ liLJil *iv4pviiB (i*^ by ubjiiiaU— AUtmciiiiit, valf-ouu- 

Wfi have M«n iu tlir* lift (wn dmptcr* llmt mnn lienr* 
in hB bodiJj rtructurc rhnr tmrm of his <lo«cfiil frcmi homio 
iowrr form; bnt it muv In.' utv*^J Uihi, aa mau Jiffff* *o 
gri«lly irt hiH iiii*ri1ul |Kiwi*r froTit nil hIIht uniniuU. th<»rp 
tntud be wotnc orror in ihii; concluMort, Ko doubt (he <iif* 
fef^DCO jD tliia rvvijeLl in tiiormuuH. tvi'u if w^ cniiLfmrr Uie 
mind of onu of Ui« ku-oEt fuvng&a^ who Ilsdi ^o wordE to 
csprcn finj uaiaber hi^ber than four. aii<] ^ho uft«« hArdl,Y 
any aLrirai^L trnim for L^iiiiTrion (thji-rls 'tr f«r i!h^ «ITi*ctiiinV 
with th«t at thp raofi highly otgsnip<x^ np^. The HifTi^n^iK^^ 
vould, no doubt, btdl r^iuAiii jniminibf, L-tm if one uf rh>^ 
hi^hrr ajJrt hml Wn imfiiMVi-il nr piviHu'd n* miirh B'* n 
don l"** '^^'^'^ ^^ comparison with ite paront-form, tf»? Tolf 
or jflckAL Th* Fuet;innEi nink iinrniKsl ihe !^l«tf^l bar- 
man*: Irtil I Vint voniUmaWy istrai-k with siirjinw how 
Oy the lhr4H> nnlLTi>Fi on Jj-^ntxl H. M. S. " Beaele" who 
id lii^ mmt yeam in Eiijflamh *inil rouW Utlk n liltW 
InjjpliNh. ro»mMod u» in (]ic[x.t«}Lion and in mont of our 
\ent\il fjtouHic^ If nr> nrf^nnic brln? cice^plintr man liad 
i»t'>*f^ any niontal |>o\yei\ or if liin power* hud Wn of a 
io}}y difT^rvnl natunf fmu Ui^w of thn 1t>Ufrr auimaltf. 


Pakt I 

Chen we «houlJ i»*\*r have Iweii aMe tu ccinviiiee uuraelvi?* 
thttl otir hijifh fiii'nUii** !iHtl \hvx\ i^rnthmWy iL*vi»]ojusi. lint 
it con bp ftln.*«n thftl Ihon* ifi tit* fimilnnu'iiliil ililKreiifo of 
LhiB kind, W<.' mUBl u\hii admit llmt i\[vtv i-^ a uiudi uklir 

a\i a Iflmprfy or Inncrlri, artJ fine *>r Ih:* liitflKT n|ws, tlioii 
Ift-lwet'ii uii apv bh4 iiiaa; jtt tliia lutiirvdl i^ lilli?ii up bj 
iiumtiork*fi< ^'rudaUoiiit, 

Nor \9 the difference slight in morAl liUpofiltton beLween 
A bflr>iariiirL Mjc)i a8 tbe iiiati defcritx^] b^ llu' nli] iiiivi^ntor 
Hjron, wbo diiihed )iik child on thf? rock* fur drojt|nnp u 
bo^kcl of fK-n-urcbin^ and a Ilrjuard or I'laTkh^rii: md ju 
iiiti'llMi."!, Iwl^iiifii a wiva^'e wbn iih*h liHrdly any ninlnwl 
Utui*. ftmi ti Ntwton or Shukf^iR'ftrt, |)iiIrKiicc*j of thit. 
kind httwoon the highest men uf the li^difbt rduCB mid the 
loa'pHt s(Lva;^i>4. aro (►"iirn.n.lwl by tbt- fiiitfil gnidulioiifl 
TlKTofuro it a poMihlc thnt thc3' tnight \>a^ anit be dcvd 
apud into each other. 

My object in ihift chapter S* tt> eh*w that iliero h no 
fumfauxntnl HifTcrrnco bntwcvn ii>on and thr hi^hi;r mAni' 
nml* In thi»ir irit-iilal facidtiw. I'lai-li dixiwioij of the 8iibji*ci 
mi^ht bjivo b^<-ii c^xtviKlod lulo a a<*parLklo l*^v. but mual 
Uvrv hr truitrd bncHy. Aj* no rliirwilirfltinn of t!u* tnciital 
pjwiTfc han bt-iyn univt-nylly art'i-plii-d. I ^^liall arruiipc my 
reiTiJirkB iti tLo ord^r iiiout LOin'onieiit for wy {>iir[KJse; jnid 
will ti\rci ihoM fpd* w'hirh havr Mnirk mi* most, with tho 
hojip thijl tf«»v njjiy proihu*fl *irimn office I mi fht* rPFtdpr, 

With rot|H't'l to fttiimalpi \vry low in thv scale, I nhall 

S'vn some additintml Wis under Si-iiinl SMcctioa, whrwin): 
at their it^enlnl prj^t-ers are miirh higbcr llnin might hn\p 
h<'n ospoolrd, 'I bo varmhihly i>f tho rneuUioe in ilw in- 
dividuals of tho Mmt !pr<^icp is an imporinnf. point for un 
an(i soniD few ilbielrations ft'iH hcrp Iip ^'I'on. lint it ivould 
be »ii)>rHlnLiiiji; fa rnfrr into many iltdaila nn tbia hoad, for 
I haiv found im frt^ipUTl i'iif|Liiry, Ihnt it i* ibtr imnniinouK 
opinion of all thow who have lon^ attended In HtittnaU of 
many kind^* incbiHini: birdn, that tbe individuate dilfor 
Kreatly in fver^y iTi*.'rital i-hararlorixiir. In wljrtt miiiinor 
Oil* meutal i^wow wcrt Urat developed in tbe Jow^ftt or^n- 
iflme, i? ns hopclra* an rnquirr a» how life itself firat origi- 
nflled Th*>i(> nr»* prnhb*niR for tbf diKlnnl fntiin-H if Ihej 
ar* *ver to bo solved bv man. 

Ai< man foMcw^i'* llm nam* crnapii an the lower auimaK 
bit fimdnTiir^nl^il irnii1ii>io^ riuo^f hi- tlir uimv. Uan bMH nbo 
aomu fuw inetiiK^f^ in c<'itu;kLjD, oa that of e«lf-proaervAtion, 



t Mr. lit 



ffTTiAl lov*, Ih* loTo ftf the moilhrr for hrr n^vbnm ofl- 

,.r jjf^. tlir ikniii^ [iifM^M^ 1>V tir Ultor lo mn\i» ani) ao 

:4ri!i, lllll Endo. |itrTLii]j«, I121 fimouihul fvuirr inttiiK-Li 

[lull ihot^ iiudMNwil by Ui« autmAbt whiHi cumt- Ucxt to 

him in llie t>?fh«. Tkir oiunj^ lii ihe K«»lcfii i»liiiitl«, tad 

I'M' chinipiiuve in Africa, hnM \^]A^tvfm^6 on uhi<1i tlu^ 

- rl^ nj» 1>ritb vpvnw fnlliiw tl^^ mnw habit, il tTii)cht 

: Ihai tiui» Ajuf ihir Im Juntinct. Inil wc cnnnot frvl 

it » tMt ttu» rvHtili of ttiifli aniiiutb hsiiog diniilar 

il |>uurAa!tjj ?i)iu^luT t><jwen) of rMttoaiDK'- Thv^e 
»Lrs. ttb u*' ikini »4JiJiiii.\ Mviiiil llii' nainy iHTJMUUfUA fruji* 
*nf th(^ 1m('ji-«. uhd luan Eios iio enrli knouloii^t*: Uut na 'Xjr 
inirkiib, viim tukru to fun'i;;!] lunds. »iiiJ vht-a 
E : ' < \\ iiiil ill iJit* 8|iMii}^, uf(<rTi mi \KnMtaiHif hrtW, 
vludi UifV ofli-rvardfl nvoid, w« nnnol f^el diire (hat the 
do not Wni frotn Uii-ir own cxiH^h^iuxr oi from timl 
(li«'tr |mrvul»< vhat fniitx to trWt It \», lumi-rp'r, c^t^r* 
kin. tts w« ahnJI pr*«ont]T r^e, Ihnt ape* hnvif en intliit^- 
JT9 ilrvttd of K-ri^tfbtf. und [>rc>bably of otUe^r ij^o^-eroUD 

TUt^ ff'Ufi4'^B AiDd the cviiiparulivQ eiitkplicitj of the in- 

Atiiiii in thr hixltrr ntiinmU uir rtmartiiltir in cunlru^t 

ith tli'iMc rjf thr lnvi^r LinimitU. 4*tivu-r iiiLiititiiULf'cI thril 

'hiwt and JUclli^i>n<.v e^IhiuI in an invnivt' Ttitji> to ^arh 

tfar-r; ati[| hiiiii? hiiic Uiuil^''^ ^li^t Itie tlltt'llctluill fikt'ul- 
h-v (J tilt higher nriiimili have Item gnuiuAll) drvi-lciju^J 
ro&i Ihdr ir>tind4. But Fuuehot. in an in1cic«tin^ o^Any,' 
nhtrihii ihal fiu rtnh iuvene ralMi really exislH. Those 
)iLK'l« whicit fwwictfc the moni wr»ndiirful inKtincU arc tor- 
linly chc afco»t irjVclltjr^nt, Jq tin* vtrlobratc wncp^ the 
imziL iult4li^'enl uivnjher». uum^]^' tiHht? atul nirrphibiHiii], 
Id do! [iLnttou coiBpl<?i iiitiJnrU; pnri ainou^tt mammnlri 
tc nritiiiAl niosit rfniitrVabl* f<>r il* in^lincU* iiamdy the 
w-r. iei tti^'hlv riittlll^^i.-nr, »6 will Ih> iLdmiCted by &\vry 
who hrii rtflid Mr Mor^in'* cxcdicnt work.* 
iMthi>iiiEtL 1h^ tin»t dairning? of inlollix'f'nc?, according 
Mr Hi'iImtI Sp(»iioer,* have bton dev^lo|i«l thrcmgb the 
lultiiihc^ii':']) and t^o-oriliniition uf rvHax uctidnti, and al- 
hou^n trJitij ot the minplcr in#lin(l« ^rniJuatc into rrHcx 
irtinnfi, «nrl i^an hanlly b** difiHrfc^iiehed from ihpnt. nn in 
Ijjv caw of youU); aiiiinaU ftickm;;, yai the muro (?aiiipjex 

find t^tlL mOf pp. I1H-H& 


P4VT J. 

inttiiiclN ttH.'m to buvi* ari^iiinlM iiidpji«Ti<1«i]t1y of InteUi- 
^nc<T. 1 am, lii>wo\i^r, rory for fruut wj&lim^ to duiy thdl 
mMiDdi\'4^ flclioiifl may htnv llicjr flxivl niid iinljm^hl cTuir* 
acter. and be replaced l>y uihors |n»rforinrd by the aid of 
the frei? will. On the other hoTKl, w^mo intelligent at-li<*tia, 
ftft^r Wine perftiiiiK-d during u'whiI ^enfiiiiiiriiM. Iimnru' 
eoiivt'tTed inlo iiiritliieu emd Hre inhtritiHl, nu w'htn Inrds on 
oeuEinic i-ilniicLti luirn to nv^^ii! man- Tlic^e actions uia^ 
then V liflicf t'l be ds-tiaiW in I'liKraettT, for Ihi'y nri- no 
longer porforiH<>d tlirou^'h rt'ai*o:i or frum cxpc^riinu^t*, Util 
tbi; ^n?alpr rnmitM*r of tlir uioro ci^itipkit inrtincU oppcjir to 
liavr Urn ^'iLirii'd hi u vlicillv ililTerBnl iiiaDner, thrttu^Ti the 
nalural »ole(.lioD ot varidtmim of «ini|>kr in«tinclivif Hctioiu. 
Such viir]aIion5 uppoiir to an*v from tlio wime anknown 
fMii]iis4'« nciin^ on lhi> efi'i>]irjil rir^nlkiilion. wbkh iiidiic^ 
sli^ilil variulroiih ttr imlivuliml dillVrLTiccEi in (»thcr iiarte 
(jf ihir IrtM^j; nnd thciH- vnriniionA, *iwiiig t^ oi;r ijiowraueLV 
are ofleii finid to arihi? fijionlflnoon^ly. We ean, I Ihiok, 
Ofjmi? to no otlior vuiidiiHtoii Willi rt*s|»t*ut to tho oriirin of 
Ih*^ njorr foiiijjlos; irnlinrU, whi-Ti we n^llirt on thf miirvel- 
loiia inalinetii of fitorilc worker-antfl and beee, which leavi* 
no offvpniig to inherit the i<tfccte of expcrieucx- nnd of niu<li' 
floil hahita 

Allhonj^b, aa u^* leara from the abov^ mentioned inaectd 
and iht- limvcTt a bi^h di::^!^*^ of inltlliKt'nfNr ttt ecrtuinly 
rum pM 1 1 hi*' wilb riiin|ilr'K iik^lini^th, niid ulihi'ii^h nrllonu, 
at Firdt Winil voluntarily i-an aoon tUroujirh habit be per 
fornk^-d with the i^|iii<kiioi( ond errlninty *}f a redrx action, 
ypl it is nnt iinproV)ah!e llmt there is s certain uixioiitii of 
jutcrfcrt'ncc ln-twcrn f.hi* dtYcltipmrnt of free inlyiJi^enev 
and o( inaliiiLt,— «hie)i latlei iniphe^ *ome inlieritcd modi- 
fication of Cht? bmili. i-ittle 10 known about the funetiona 
of the brain, but wis mn pcrrrivc thut as the intelleolual 
iiow^rfi beeonie highly dev^ihipedr ihi* viirioLH ]mrU of the 
Win must bo connected by very intri>:ate ebannel)? of tlw 
frotflt intcrcomninniration: «nd an a contc^fuonct Kach ecpa- 
mk [iprl ttonld peHiape lend to lit* lew well fllied to afHwer 
to iiarlk'ulaj- ^i-nciutionB or aKfiociattons in a doflnito and in< 
hentcci — thnt it* inMinrlivp — mnnncr. Thrrr attinT^ evi-u to 
rxist tumc* rrlation Iw^lwern n Viw dfgri»i» of intrlli^*'m"i* uiid 
fl t1iv>iip tvndenox' to the' farinaiion ol fixed, thoncfh not in- 
herittd habit,-); fur nti n Mjiatioufl physitifin nrnmrked to Tne, 

Kr*on»i whn an» flijjfhlly inibecih' tenil In iirt in everything 
routine or hnixt; and they avc rendered much happier 
if t}iiti iH L-ncouT^t'^. 



F, lit 


t luT^ 1hoii|;hl thin dijiri^uicn vorih prinf;, hocwitw* vFit 

IT ^mmJ.T uftTWrmto \Ur mcotnl |ioH'*'ni of (fir htjrhrr ani* 

tri«t&, AnH n|iprU]k nf itmh, uhi>n ur mm^MLrr' Ihiir iKtiirii^j 

fooDflod 'i[i lSi> [iM<n:orT of p«l ci-i>nt@, on T'lrmi^h!. roni'iil 

^jiikil iiiur4:iir4lioo, ifiUi c^triJjr flimibr Actions inttindivi^ljr 

fnmirH hy thi- liivrr miirnjitit; in UiU \aiivr r^aw The ea- 

lUttind BlPFltufl^ nitl]€jtET linj (HltisdolBl llttplliglTQr^ OD ih^ 

Mft fil the aniiiMl <liumg cftcb ^acooseixf jfcnor&tioa. Nu 
^Kitoulit, aA Mr. ^'dUc« hud argu*^.^ mucJ] i^f Dx- Intrllit^rnl 
^Bvnrk r)niii> liy rnmi u tltir to imitiilinn nrvi not In Tftv*n; 
^V^ul llirrv 1^ ihisi ^Ttat difTerence bi?tti'f>«n liin adioiu ui)d 
^V |iulU> of Ulcia-' |ii-ifnrtii<^ \ty ihv Imurr amcimK nnriuty. 

Uut nun cannot, on hU firtx triHl, niMki*, for inEiantMf, a 
B4f*nc hafcli4-l or a caaoci tlirr3iij;h his pov^r uf iaiitation. 
|p baa lo leura bU Bork bj pnif^liit-; n fj«<\»T, on tlip ollipr 
tntl, mn mukc iu dnni nr cAnnl^ ntid n bird iu fictt, u vrHl, 
jor iK«rijr «» vcLL and a spider iXA iivonderful wrb, ^lute aa 
rpll/ lj[f Dnil Imjt il trit-w ;ih uliru iiM nml i-.ijwritii™<l. 
To rdum to ouf tnini<^dintc ^ubjwjt: U»e lowor nnimnlK, 
flik^ niAD. maaifesllj fed j:»lea«iiii.^ and f)0!T>> happiiic*^ aud 
mJH'nr- Jiappinem it. uevvT Ix-tlir i-\l]il>ir4-() llijiFi bv y^rLiri^ 
Bnim4lh, j^rh of frnppi«, IciUphh^. lambii, &c.^ wlir^ plA^in^ 
to^lbiT, likt- mir own ditldiYO. Even in^ectft plav ^^jjfcliicr, 
■wm hi* bMTfi dnHxiVm] lij Ihnt i>.uv|3cnL olnprrvi^r, R lliilier,* 
pTtlin Miv ant^ cbaninjt nud prctcndini; to bite each other, Ltlco 

Tbe lirct that lh« lo«"er Aniniali dtc excited by the aame 
ifjnotioas M our^lvca la fc ^rll (wtabhaht'tt, thut Lt inll 
twit lir uHnv^nry to w«ar> tlit rt-fldci bj many dcuih, Tcr- 
'ror Shdt ill xhv mtrnt manci'T «Jii th«m ae on na. caiiKir^ tbe 
tunMl«f lo trfmble, tbr h^^nrt to ptitpilatr, tbv ^pUiDcter* 
ittt l»e relaxed, and llie batr U' '^aiiil iiii i-nib Siir^pii-inn, tbn 
foftftprini! i>r ftan w cmiiit-ntly < hira^^t^riitic of most wi\t\ 
iftniniab. It w* 1 thinJc, impmnnblc to rcfld tht nctoiml ^ixon 

8ir E. Tennenl, (»f (liu Iwba^ imir of Ibp ffirmW :^b*pl»int^ 

at dt*coTit, without admitting;; that Ihey intentionally 

ipmrlii^ dvccil, and well know whnt thfry an aU^xti. Cour- 

i9gf Htiil TimiHiiT are eirr^roely varinble qimliliri^ in tlu* iti- 

iclividuiilit of xht nauw spvcieB, la it plaifily Men in our doge. 



YMG Me«^KXT or MAK. 

Put L 

4««k M»^ feuPM «rw ilM«>aip«rv<]. and oo^tlv turn 

^■^ Jlffuir 1*^ c>**^-*^^P'^'^^ JUKI ib<w qiialtruA «r« 

Wifcxntr' K^vrv our kiioKH |]ii« |ij||||p aniaiiilii 


Xttit^ ftlK^xloU"* b«ve been f>iiMi?liril on tlie 

. aimI Hrthiri * i^lalr tlul the Aiii«>rjcjiii imt) 
,*y» ^\x\<-\i they kfpl Iflnir, ccruiiiN irveiiged 
^i. Sir Amlivw ?4tiiilli. a ^ooIu^jhi hIichi^ ^'^ntpu* 

^, ., V v» kntmu t^i itiuDy pvnwitt. told mv the 

ft i<f ^liich he WLi» hiniAclf nn e_ie-xvitDi!9«; at 

\Uv s <!■* hj( Uoiwl Ho|«^ uii offi(TT Imd ofleii [ila;^!*^! n cer- 
mu UWui^ And llii^ Amm«), niciiit; Uim uppronrhui^^ ont 
|ttituk.i 'iH iwmiW. ^ouEvO ^Aler into a hol^ and liUHtily 
UMKW mihw Mn*k mud. whti-b Ik* nkflfnlly clflaht^ri over Th» 
^iVf flu Jk* i^bw'i) h\, lo tlit^ nmuKi^mcnt nf mimv Uv^timd- 
9W K'tr Unifi ikfliTujinU LI^k* iMkbcion ix'jiji<:ed and tn* 
Ithihltf^l AK<<iirvt# 111- MIT liiH victim, 

I'Kii lt>tr ft 41 ikt>|( Kir T^iH lUAJ^tt^r i^ nott>riou?; as an old 
Vhrtlvr (fiinldllj HijkK* " A iKii: in Ihi' diiI} Ihiii^ on tliiu oarlli 
ttuil liAVtt I'lti iii^irr Hint h<^ luv^ hiiiiE^'ir." 

In llitr fM^»>)y ^' tJmdi a doff hnn licrti knoirn to care^b 
|(H irmMiT, iiiul i*vi**y 011^ luiH Itf'snl [>f tlu* du;; nulfi^riDg 
Ulwli"' «tV*MHit»», t^lm Ijck^l thv Ikiiml <ft tlvc o|^eTiit<^r; thi» 
twin, i4ii1r» Ukv o|N-r«h<iti niin Tullv jtulirkii bv nn iniivaflt- 
\tl iWl I M'»wKil|;*'" *'' >'"^'*** 'i'' I'^i'l " h<-^]rt i»f Klonv, uwint 
liitr Ml tiiti<MiiL' Ui xUf l4Hi lii>ur of hiR itiv. 

\m \^lu™rir" Itn- Will flwkml, "who that reads Ihe 
|MMi'li>t^a iM<'tMi>'« iif mfilrrnul urTL^L-citkii, Mari^d ro often 
rtt Hti* ^iMiLi'ti "f all i^ntr^riH. nnd of tho f^maled of all ani- 

rU, h*«H diiiiUt lUol tilt" print'^pk oF uctii^n in ihi^ tdme iii 
I ivi> ni*^f ^^''" "* "mIfiTinl nffr^-lion exhihitud iii 
|ti4k Ol^til lllllillM ■1>l'*>(^> ll^^* lionjc^r of»?orvi>d iiu Auicn- 
,414 mtiitU) (u V fhuki ittTi^rully drtvjUf; u^tuf t)u' Hk*^ nhlrti 
idad)M**' '^^' itifikHh nod MuvniiiH mw u IlylnhRt^e ua^hiii^ 

aiii( 111 riiniikii >MfiiVii>* fur Ihe Ii^m uf thc-ir yonn^^ fli^f jt 
fu^ ''. »ii-rd th" rU'jith of t'lTtiiiu kinds k(i>t iind^r 
i-i»i' H, 111' Ml \-\ Miidirn 1" N. Africn. Urpltnti ra^nkcjn 
ttftv ■ltti^'« liiln|<lnl nnd rflrvfnllj ^'uuidt-d Uy ihn niher 

* ' rliTri"V. 


,|r»itinT« :' 

■If <tf MliiJ Ml i\\f T^ovi-i 


mrf," Ajitlt MJl. n 1\ 

■■ * Df I Jjffl*BtcrTraUiUa; p. 






hoiU ttUiW nnd feniak-?. Oar F^malp halooo' 

had Ao rv^'ioiii a \irnn \haX Uie ttul onlr tdopCLHl vouuf* 

iciokvn'b uf oU)^ dp<H:ic0, but ftitW rr»iinf ilo^f iin<f rntH, 

hirh »hr nrtitmonlly turned oYTim, H<>r kiii')nn«. how- 

di4 not g<» ^) far ae to thar» li«'r food with hi^r ai}<)ti1ed 

ine, nl vliirh Bn^m u-ai >iiir]rri«n!. a« Ii» monkr.^ii 

iliTiili-il rvrTy^IiiMi! i|iit(p fnirlv ttilh tlwir nwn J'niUlg, 

Kiiily haJ a fiuv iiilyllu:!, for ahi' iin* mwli ftsfiTH* 

^bf^UK wT*ti'IiiH|, nni! irurnwlmti^iy et*miiioil tbij 

trti'i fw*, inul tticJinui mi>ri* fldo hit off Ih^ claw*," Id 
tc Zooloeical Oardeue. 1 litard from ihi' kei-jwr that ad old 
ilvKiD (1^. I'Adrma) limd adrvfitcil a !thnu« monkrTy; biit 
hen A >ouu>[ dnil mid miitiihill w<»iv pJncod in tlic cap^, 
lie f<rfir*ixl to j^vrirvii^ tli&i these ui<>uki\V!», thuu);!] dintiiicl 
(perl**, vpre h^r neartT rvlfltit*'*, for the at ort^v wjrtti'd 
ic ItJiQiDii ±nd ddoflcil hi>lh of fbrrn. The yfniTi^i Rh**"!*, 
I I «iw, TU zrfalljf djM.'i.iEit«'ii1ed at betii^' Ihuo rejtrrltfd, 
ind it vfiulil. tik^ u batJifhtv chUd, unimv mid ittFnck th« 
I'jufip linli and mnn^lnll whrttrvrr it toiild df> !-:> i^it.ll 

nf<:ij; llibi Mtndud ('jtdtjng gn-Hi mdi^MiAUfiir jti t) H 

jbalwon. UuQkovd will nbm, acvurUing lt> ltr*hrn, di'K-iid 
llinr muter when atlnirked Vv any one, m well oa doca to 
thoni thfy Are attadii'd^ fttim Ifio aLhu-k4 of other uogi. 
tut vrc h«fv tfE^ndi on the jtuhjcf^tc of >\ni|>Alhy and (iddily, 
U* tthirh 1 idiall r«Tir. Soint of Bn^liru'H iiionkey» Irxik 
niiHi di?Hg1it in f«s^in^ a oorlain old do^' whom they 
livlikod, u well iki aXh<T ntiiiiuiUf in vorioua inj^cnious 

Moat of iho more f^omplt^t cmoliortc nrt* common to tlie 

liifhcT nninuilH nnd oflrsilvcs, Kivry oni* tins jci'n how 

»1oiti> H il«>: M of hi^ ntu^U-r'? ttlTerliitii. if l^VtelRtJ <hi Hny 

iht?r cmiliire; ntrd I huvc otiti-rv«d tlie uin)« tad wrth 

iiiikoTx Thi« i^bcw'v that nnimnN not only love, tint have 

wrr to ho lovrtl. Aniiiuils irianif>-*ily ffH *^iniihiTion. 

'hoy love apppilpnllon or proiae: and a do^' oarmng a 

iHokt'l fcir Ilia matter i-xhiHta in a hi|rh dcRTPc Boff-com- 

Iftn-urif iir pridiv Thfrv cnn, 1 think, li no dmilil Ihwl a 

i»a ff>--U «1iamc, na distirct fmr* ft'^ar. Jind P'>rneih[nR vpry 

[fee m™lrnty wh^'n ^T;?^inic l"^" "flin for ffiwh A icnut 

kig iri;of)tft ihc fiiuirlJb^ of ii litllv diig^ and iUh may Ik- 

r *» V *ri.- nL-h^m liny rrnimpli dWivlWlne my w-fk. Tlnr""jrn I 
'■ */ July^ IWI, p. trii'l. in*! frmnA llwl I n^uM nrftplllj 

f T -fifcibTy «f thiAi^ M'ncwirhm* o*iiri<tiUkThp>hiiff IrTffa 



Pj.1T I. 

cfAhd mugnsiiiniity. Scviral dImtvith luivi- itntcd that 
moakc^vs certainly disbke Ix-inp luu^-hiTd ni'. And th<^ somo- 
Hmtn inr*ut ima^inarv olfffmv*. In Ibo Zoolo^nt^l Gar- 
rlrrm I tnw fl luihiii>ii wTtn rilwuy^ gr>| inio a furious ru;;L< when 
hi* keopi>r took out a k-ILor or bonfc nmi rvmi it nlmid to 
hiin: ditd hi^ ra^c muei du violent ihiitT ft^ 1 witijeK)t.'d on 
one oiTjution, In- hil bin Jiwn \f^ till Ihp tilo<>d flowt^I, Dogs 
flhow what may in* faTHv wilk-d a iruai? rjf ^jummir^ ae dis 
ImL-i fn.*n3 iiirrf- [tlay; [f h bit r)f slick or olhiT t-iirli olijpi-t 
bi- Ihrown to nn>^ hr iiill f>firn i^arry it away ior a fihorl 
diflaut^o; and then ^^jiiultin); duwu with it oi\ tlic ground 
clobi- WurL' hiiiu v'lll trait iiidil hU niAKlrr rniitf'^ iitiite 
doM^ to tiklrr it uu-ay. Thf Hog; will thi^n sp;7.e if and ni8h 
nirny tn tnumph, rppeatm^ tUo tiame maDa-uvrG, ditd evi- 
dently enJDjiuj^ [he piai-timil joki?. 

Wi* will now turn to the inoro int^ll^tnal «inotione and 
faculties n'hich arc v«ry iiuporlaut^ as tunning thf? l>fimfl 
for the dt^vi-liiptiipul "f llir hiji^hrr mmLal jiimi-r*. AtiinmlK 
muTiiri'Ktly irnjoy ^citpmont^ nnd utifler from nnnHi, as may 
be »(^n hilli Jo^, and. iiti^ordinj- to iU^n^t^ix. wilh mifuki-ya. 
All unrinHfti fi^-I Vi'fj^r/>r. nnd rnuiiy t^Afiibit fnrit^sttt/. Tht'y 
Homi'lini*?s *.nfTfT from thiH lntt<>r *)niility, ofi wln^n the hunluf 
plaVB Jintica and ILua atLincta thi:m; I have nilutrasod tUia 
with d<<('r, and no it U wtl.h the? nury dianioM. and with itomo 
kiadkf of wild-diicke. Bi^hrn jnvfg a cnriouti dccounl of tbo 
iiutrnctivc dii^fii]. vrliith hi« tiiouki^yb fLihiljUi^d. for ^naki.^: 
but tht^r curiotity wnn f^> stmiI that Iht-y conld not dtaisi 
from ix^aaionally ^alinlinj: their liorror in a moFt human 
faiihitin, hy liTliri}; up ilif lid of tin- 1jt>x in wlikii tLi' biiakvH 
^vFfr Vopt. I wa* »o much mrprim**! at hi* flftount, that I 
took a ptufrt!d and ci>iled-up snake into the monkoy-hounc 
at Ihi^ Znolri^firal i)iirdr*ru, ntid ihe exLileriieiit tfit^h^d 
wflfl one of the moat curious (iwctarlcu which I evur hoheM. 
Three epttica of Cercopitbtt-'UB were tlie moit alarmed; they 
dartlK-d iLhout thnir ctii^^, imd nltt<ri<d »]tAii\ mgual iTWh of 
dan^'cr, whii'h wcr* undet^twxi br the otlicr monkeya. A 
few youn^ nioDk«>s and <>m M Anubif Ijaboon abnc took 
nn notiee of lb* Buaktv I thi-ii pldftnl lli*^ HtijfTcd *pi>clinrii 
on the f:T<^und in one of the larptr compnrtmenLs. Aflor a 
time all the moTike\^ collceted rouQil il in a large circle, nnd 
•taring intently, jiresented a n^oel ludierouf; appparnnci*. 
They tooimc filTwnely norvouA: bo that vhen a wooden 
t, with which thfy wrre familiar nf^ a pbythint;. wac acci- 
itally mnvpd in thf Etmw, undor which it wan (mrlly 
ldd«ii) they all inslanlly dtarted away. Th«Ae mduk«ja 









Wlwre^i Tory difTerenitf «hen u dufi Hth. a mouM,** i 
limine tiinle, 4011 othrr tii'W nhjcct^ wert placnl in tlu-'U 
vuTtf^ ftir iSuijgli Ai dnl friirEiU-i>it{. Uu'j *noii np^ririKlii^d,; 
'haiMlled dod cxMUuneii Ihi^oj- I Ihfn pluced • livr 4nak9 
Q a |w}ii'r tup- vi(b the Ktoulb louBflv clo«ed, ui i>a« <jf 
4* lai^er crnnfurimriiu- Otm of ilir ninitkRVK intBinltvli-)/ 

aiHi wUiiiti dAflifd »4»j. Thiu I wilDi^Hwd wJeilI Brchni 
tw« d«^nti«^, tf^i rfutnkcy tirtrr iiiimkr\, ttilli li^^d nunrd 
high Aod tumi-tl on c^dc 8td<?> couE<l n<ii rMiifl InlciDa a iikk 

lyiDR ^<ii(>ik »t the U4lori- It nnuEd Hlin<i»l uppcjir u^ if 
rnonkcy^ ^i^d ^cffoe notion «f sookijEicfll AtlinitioF, for UuMt 
ki>|it by Hr^ttm mhibit«d A «tninjr«. Oiougli iiL~ki>Ulceii, IQ- 
frtinctiTft drmd of iDEimvfit iTXinlf iiul froj^. An 'trAitfi. 
■l*i>. b»» l>e«*D kiiowD to be much aiamitKl at th<: tint ^ghl 
(if * Iwrl W 

Thr pTiDHj>[e of Jtnitaficn i* *1rQ&}7 in man. and eipe* 
i^iallT, w I Imtc iny*df <'Wrvcd, with iiavnffce> In crrtmn 

nwdid ittnUtt of ihe tiniiu liiis U-uili'iii-j ie ti 11^4: ir rat ei3 to 
■a <atnicnJiil«r> di^^rn-: iionio iiL-mipiii^K' ;mtL^[ili und 
tdhfiVt at the ronmi'JU'^TrK'nt '>f intlnnjinnlory wiftcning of 
the brain. iincon8i;totipty tiuLiulv every »i>id wlijch i« uU^reii. 
vhi<thrT in ihvir cwu mr iu a furvup liif>|;uHp,', uud cwry 

Kf4iirc CT nchon which » pcrfonncd ne«r them." [)wor ** 
» retiiark«<i] tlml no Hniriinl voiuntarily iiTiitnt'-^ an ac-lion 
|>«rforTutd by nidii. uniil in tiic a^ccudinK tfoalc vi? como 
to monkcjrA, which ort' well known to be ndiculoiu looikeni. 
AniokaU, iT/^weiier. «i>inHiTrk^a intitate eacb otb^r'e actir^ns: 
thw two cj>csfiefi of wolvpd. wJiich liod bin^n reared by dof:^, 
Icamrd to hnrk, n^ dw> wmi^timc* the jackiJ.'* but whellier 
this rsn \» onllp'i vn|iLntar\ iniilui^on lb anolhvr qtii<itir>n. 
Bittld tEm'.ali! Ibc ion;^' of tbuir parent*, and ■omrtim<*i f>t 
t\ihvr bird*, and jmrnli^ me natorioiw imilatorft i"»f any 
(vnind which Ib^y often b«aT. Durtrni rlt^ la Mallt- piv« 
an M'C^rnnt " of a don vctiTt-d by a oit, who kitrnt to imitate 
tliu wril-kiinvrn i<-lu)Tt of a cat licking hi*r [»««**, aixI tliiH 
washing her van? and faee: ihift wafl aUo VEilnoiMc>i hv Iha 
ebrated naturalist Audoiiin, I have rectived nrvernf eon- 


■ I htm five* « aliort noMiixit 0^ 

« W C L. M-r.m, ■>.« HmI, -if 

» J>r. n«ii-Pm On Apl>"-i< 1^^ 

IUlrTr»r<iVfihH^4~ |4i«7. p MM, 

I'hf pfltcHts iit maiiy auimfllo. 
of inriitntion in tljfij voiiii^;, ond 

tlu'm. Wo wo xh[y v'Utn u i:ai brij 
kiit<n»H «Tiil 1)ijrcoii ilc In MhIIl:- 
ojiiih tin lh»* |'mf<?T almvo rjiint^iJi' 
iiaw^kft which 1uii;;ht tbt-ir y<>tiD(: dr 
mrnl nf iliMdnn's ^"X HikI <lri)|»(>inj 

«flC<-TLr and tocn bnnpiig lliirm live 

Elerdlj any fHciiltv [& idok' ii[i|iol 
tiiJiT proirrpw <if rami l)ion A Uff\H>n. 
ffiit IhU jiowrr, e*i when a csir if-inh''* 1 
Lo *pniii: 'JO ilw |«vy. Wild ainmatij 
nli«')H)riT A^'hr-h Tliiifr 4'n^^n1, thnt th 
[>ntftrJicii. 1\t. linrtlErlt baa ^vt>n IM 
t'nriAMt tl:ii» TA^ulty id in monkeyfl 
rnoTikrTu in aH in [lUyn, luril fn pin 
frciw liio Zi^i^loci"^! S-x-irty at the ]>r\ 
fflch; hut ho '>fToTT'd lo ititc floiiMo I 
kivp Ihrrip nr four *>f thrm fnr n f^u' i1 
one, Whfn Offct^l hnw b*> criild jVi 
wlidUrr a paHitiiljit niiirkry ttoukl t' 
lip anvwi^tvrl that it nil i!n]irTn!rt1 on 
Ion, Jf when he i»ae lolkit^u' m>i' f^ 



Cmt9. Itl. 



Smith, rtmjn^urd bini with jot nrti-r sin nlifriK^ of niiu 
moBtlK I tud 4 iloiC whn ft-as f4%nf:«* and ntrrfc to jilJ 
rtr w i ^g' T** Al^i 1 purp08crly Iri^l fitfi ni^^moi-v nftrr nu nli- 
o»iM>9 of lli*« voin and hv<j Ua>^ J w>.*»t iiivr flu* >iinHW 
whfTP hf^ livcA, and choulM 1t> him la mv old rudiiuer: h* 
nlmtd iku jo>. bul inMaoth MloMt^d Tiie out uHlkin^f. nm! 
obtyv<l Qie, «iacily a« if I h^ parU^d wiih him only lialt 
AH h««r bof'>n?- A tnin of f>!d ft^^c^ialions dormant dur- 
ing 5vr Tf-AHi, }iwA IhuA b^>ii iribtju;lnriif>>ii!^h' n^iikf^Tii^) in 
biv itiina Even onis, ad P. Hubor" huj* di-nrlv du-wn, 
r^'toj^nuoJ their fclluw-unld b^Ion^ng lo (he t«n»: i.->irn- 
iiiitniii flftiT ji H-j4imlJi^n of four iitorillis. AhrnuiK (-jlii 
CTrtainJT bv ftomt bi^aju JudR* of ihtf im^rnU of tinio bo- 

Tlir Imiiffhiaiiim 'm rinp of thi^ bi|^bci^l prrro^t ivi.-H of 
man. Br thif faculty he udiUk former tiiiu^tK iiud idL-qs^ 
iniIq»crJi?ntly of the will, nnd thii* crcetc* bfjlliajit ami 
nftvr! nvultA A f^tn't, h* Jj^bh Panl Itichler remark*," 
"wbo anuat r«doot vfactJiL-r bo nliull make a chnnnkr «iv 
Tt* or no — to Ihf devil wiUi Kim; he i* only a fluj^id oryuH*/' 
DtvnHiing g]v« Ui thf^ l««t notinn of lliw rowor; ai -h>rtn 
EMuJ apiJn ea}^, *' The drf^am in uti lavolimtflO' i^^^ '^' 
piM'try," Tint rnluc nf Uie prcjcJui't^ of out imn>:mjitii>n 
dppprHf of roiirtf- on Ihi* mimbrr, Hc*-timry, and rlpBnn*u 
vt oar [UiiTrL-ttii^ng, on out jud^^Eiii'nt and l^tiU* jq DL-kcliDg 
or rrjpctitijt tlw imolualAry coinliiiuilimis, ntid lo n c<:r» 
tAin pxt9t>t on oiir power of voluiitnrily rcinihintng ihi>in. 
Aa doRT). cats. horT«8, ar;d frrof^bly all th-^ hij^hcr fiDiTiiala, 
pvi-n liirdK"* hnw vivid drnimt*, and tbU Ik obi'wn liy Hieir 
mnv^EiirnU and tW sounds uUiTf^d, v^n muM Admit thai tUcy 
poawM »cine pnwCT of iniajtiuutioti, TIjvrc must bt- *i>mi- 
UiiMK apvrial, wbjVh rnUAi-i; iln^^ to honl lu Ibi- rir^ltt. am] 
ps|>'^mily diirirtj: moonlig^f, in That r?nnfirkab]<' imd mi-lim- 
oboly nuiiiitr (al)e>) liAytiij^. All dci^'fl <io ui^t do ^o; and. 
neri>rdtii^ U\ }\nun'niK'^ they t]f* nof Ihfii IrH^k itl Ihe Tiionn. 
but at fntKi^ fi%M point ficni the hrkn?,on, Hotupmi think" 
that titoir iiiiApiiaiiotiA ar^ disturbed by the la^rtii' ouliirf^a 
of thr *urroundin^ objmrt*, Hnd oonjan^ i]|» lH'ff>rv Oii'in 
fantjutio imaccf^: if IhiA be »o, thair fcclinpi itulv almost 
be lalled Hit(ieratiUou& 

■ T>» .1-f.lnn, ■ Rtnii of Iftiita,' »ftL 

* tn'-^iiU^ MMitfiXt'a'Iniiv tl. t^ I Kit 

■■ ■ FtiiiliV* Mi'uldli* dvAuimBiUi* 
l«7a,Tnm. \].f. l«l, 

Wtv iiif^tJLiK^p, ])r. llavp^^ in hie iki 
Sea/ rrpcatedlv roinark^ that hi» i\ 
Uif to drau \he [ilc^il^i'i iQ a irimi 
M>[ianitcHi vrhvn Ulp^y cmtuv tc thm 
might Ik' more evenly iii«tribu(cd- 
vsirniTig wliirh t\w Inivcllrrs r<H*eivJ 
ccimii^' Ihm and dau^vtovt. Nl<u'. 
tmtn tlir rx|Hn'ip[iiv of rjK^h individi 
rf tfip Mrlfir Btid wiii(>f flffp, fir fi 
Uial i)i from tiihUnct? Tliie intliiK 
iLrlcwn MiiL-r ihv tiinf^ lonK i^". v^b<^ 

Arctic wolvf**, the pflrunt-etoc-k of Ihc^ 
\iiiir acqtiirvd an mtstiitd jinpt'lliu)^ Lh^ 
l*n;j in u eto«e im<:k» uheu un thiD ice,' 
Wc can only juHgc l*y the circiiii 
AGtioiiH are jicrfiirrnt^i, wlu-lber thcv t 
to roumn, or to lUe rut-iv u^dtvialioii 
|irinc i|>l(r, hciircvrr, in intimutdv coa 
A ciiri*^iifi <'rt«" hnft brwn piv^ri tij 1'm( 
§«|ioralL'(i bv a iilate v>f f^]a» f(»[& ofl 
ntvckcd witli tWi. and who ^ftcn iltdl^ 
tinlnnrf> ngxiriftt tho glflfV^ in Irving to j 
that Im.' me KiBictinifA oom|>lctc]v dlill 
un tliiiM fur tliree monthK, liiil al )a|j 
nvHMl In <lo sn. The* plat'- nf glnw «i 
tlic piko vTAXild rot altuck t liMg. 
III! woiiJd ileYuur. 


uektal JMWBHH. 


M«v fri cU:^ hiRbU'JJ rvi^^Ti ODOC aj-ftii^^ i1. ti^ vmjid for s 
nn}* Af«Kini<-- a >Jiui-k with n n indou-framt'; 
ii : i».nlt^ fruni Uir jiik*;. tm uaulil jtriLti«bl^^ m* 

fipfl oD Uie bftlurv of IJic ittipoJimcnt, and W cutiliouA 
uiW truli^^m L-iri:uitifttai>UM». Now with rtii>tikt_\>. w 

'T' >'. FniRi an tclUin *>tnf prrforirM^l, i* wifijetiiiLi? 

ri. pn-fruL thr aninin) fr*>iH n^jv-nttng It If we 

U.'itiuii' U:i- JSifT^'r^■^H^' l^'lwo^^ti IIli* iiwnLi-T and ih^ f-iki' 

JHt t<J lij'. *i:. <ii inii**n ot i4fcoa Wili< io IliUi'h str«>|lxvt 

\d Enorr ^H^Tutti'iit m ibr »iic Llun ihi iilhrr, thim;^li th^ 

.i" uiivu rwviTPii mnrh ih^ morp eewiv injurVi <«ii we 

linfAiii in \ho oat ot inaii that A Hiniihr ditTrrtrticv impltCa 

frHWwiaiti tif a ftiDiUnii'ti tally itifTrmil tULiul? 
uuA^u rulubtt '* tlkAl, whiUt trcfi-'in^ o wiilo Aod arii] 
un ill 1Vu», }ib lwi> Ao^ iulfervi) ^'uvlly frvm Ihinil. 
hI tlial Im-Lwi>i>ii iliirtv ami rmy tmicv 1)117 nivhiHl down 
hollow* to tacwrch for w^nt<>r. TU\4o Iwllowfi wcrv not 
Jioyvv Attd tlKrc vrrc do lri>v« In Ihe&i. vr aii^y other dff- 
'ficr in thr vo^i'latior^ mJ u*i thry «^n< nlAoUittOy <]rv 
i^'fr c-uvhl fuiiv IpTFti lui MTii-lI of tlitiii|) uirih. Thi- il'ttf^ 
Imvi.ij »» if \\k} knt-u tlial a dip in \hr ^'ronml »>]Tvtvi] 
»i-ni rhf beid chflii<v of tindinfj water, mi'l lliiLiit<'aii Km 
Ftrn vitftPtwfil ihi' Mirtr IkrhaTJoiir in oihE>r nnimak 

I fiaiv itfrn, M I (Iftrt-?4Ly havt* >ilhiw. thni ulim a fonill 
i^*ct \a thrown on th« ifmund beyond Iho n^eh (.i one of 
clrpluiita in Ihe i^ootot[i«ttl Oardf^uo, lir U'ttrs throujiji 
tnttiL nn thr jrriund iK-yiUrfl tht- nhjn't, h> \Unt thr rur- 
ml rf'rt*4'i*"d ftn aII rfid^** may dnv** th;» oT^joit wilhir hi£ 
ii:h. A^aiiti a vc'll-knowo rlhmilnKi^U )lr, Wf'i^trot>i>, in- 
V10 thai ho ofcwrvi'd in Vi^nru u U'ar ili'liT^far^ly 
with hia ]>aw a vunyol in aocne uflN'r, irh^ti wnt 
itee til llw battt i*f hie tape. Ki aa to drtw a jHivf <jf ll<»at- 
j>; luvafi within hu rwidi. Tboae nftion« iif t!»i' Hi*[iliiint 
1I 1>4^r CAA hardJT he at1rihui<d to inj^linrt or inherited 
iliiU /a the? would lie ttf Utilr a«r to nn omnia) »n a «Tat<- 
tiaiura. N^oa, what U tho dilft-rvuM hctv-ri.-n iiu^h uutionR. 
rhirn pvffomipU hy an uticuiliv*tc<l tnaii, and |jy one of th« 
&Ji«r aniDialn? 
Th« Mtaii^fl awl ttit dojr l^vo ofi^n found wat^r a1 n 1»tr 
rd» and II10 coinnd«ncc tender v&ch niviiri--itarKv« has 
iDa aaaoritlwl in lhi*ir MLlnila. A ciiUjiat4<d maa wi^uld 

M>PaiiltMllMtthvdMAiitimQff.'mi,aHn ^f.V^ 


pcrliap* niake some gpncral prnpo^ilion on the 0Dbj«ct: but 

rroni ull lliHt hi* knitw of ^ava^-cH il ih i^\ln'irLf1y lIouUUuI 
whtftht^r tJii^y would Jo ^o, azkd a do^ u-rtainlY wouUi ni>t- 
\Uil a i4iirn^ a& well n^ a dc>^, wnuht 9icardi In lliu i^mc 
\iny> Th4]ik|;3i fn>ijiu-iilly dij^pfutirlwl . And in brill) il 4>.'^'i]ti< 
t() iy* vi.\Vi\\\y an ud uf rL>ae<iri. wlit-lliL^r or DdI an\y ^trm^ral 
projjo&ition ^m tbr ?iilrj'rrt is tonscinij^ly |)lni.'rfl K'fifri.' Ibr 
niind^^ Th*' taiiic vioiilil rtp|dy t<^ i)n* **l<»|khaiil *nd tin' 
bear mukiii^ eurroiiia in tht uir or wuU^r, The- BBvn^fc w<m)d 
i.vrluin!j ni'lthiT kiit'W ni>r nm* fiy nliul 1xm- iht^ d'^Wvi] 
uinvpmpnls *prt» <>fr(*cl<^d; ypt liip Aft moidd !)e gitided bv a 
fLjdi.' procot^ of n-afturiitiir. aa tiuri'h &» would a |.diiloau]rEii.-r 
in luA lonjcir.lL I'haiii nf iiinbictihinK. Tli(*n' wtmltl in:* dmiht 
Ijp Ihiii diffiTT'iii*' U^iwppn bim and one of tbe ht^'h^r ani- 
mals, IJiot bo 40i]1d tfiko Eiutiro i>f mudi f(li|^hti?r nroiiiii- 
dlam-tti Hint t'omlit-imj*, iind wuubl idif-rrvi- *iny njinii't'li'jri 
lA'tUfOU tbrm nffj^r iniirli U-an pxpflriprc*. and Ihia would 
be of i^uroiiiouhl L<n|M>fi;itK'o. 1 kr-pt a dnily tcLord of Ihe 
aH.inim <»[ <*in' of tn\ iiifMiits. niid wlirii Uc ubs iibniit rlcvi-n 
EDOtithii old, And Urforo \w roiil'l »]t<wk a i^ingle word, I vaa 
coDtinuaUy atruek wllh Uie muter quitkuenh, with which 
flit HOrlN of »bJ4-«'lji rind f^uiindi^ wi-iv- Litvac-iiiltHl to^j-tbi*!" in 
hn mind, {^oiiifMirrd nitb tlinl of nifijit int^lligc^l dnga 
I ever kn^'w. linl !be liiiflitT uniinids diff<*r lo exadly the 
Hfiuw vny ill ibic |Kiwi-r of MNtM-'iation frcini E.luHf )o^ in 
thr Knli^ Eurh ni^ tbr |>ik^, n»i woll ii: in that of dmnin^ 
iiiftfivLue-i diid of '^Iwn'i vatLoftn 

llip j>romj>i]n^* ^>f tL-fli-^n, nftor vi*ry *hort fx|*riencev 
nrc \\ffi\ ^hcwn l*v l*>r following- nHiorif^ of Annrrican moii' 
keyPp whab Mtnd bm In Lbt^ir order. HootiEger, a most cari^- 
ful abtfiTv^r «lMti^« tlmt when bo Hr^t f^avo e^j^ 1o bia mon- 
keys ir Pj:trn^iAy, tticy ^mnnhcd Ihrm, ond Ihm loot niui^h 
of tbt*ir coiirfiili^: Jifffi^Mrds tbcy (jently bit ii\w fml n>>iiinit 
pottji; hwrd Lody, mid pu^tct^d <^fT ihv biU of nbtdl hiIIi t)»^r 
finffors. Aftrr cuMine tlipiiip<clvrT» only ontr with any sbnrp 
twdn tlu:y wnald not toiicL il a^ain, or woidil bAiidli fi wiih 
th<i grt^tofil fiiulion- Larji|W of uu^r wor4> ofl^n giTon 
them wrapped op in popcr: and It'^TiK^frr PomcHiim-j put a 
llTe wavp in Iho |.(appr. 8n ihal in hAKlily iinffildiEi^! il tliry 
get filing; lifter thin hod onrt happoned, they alwa)-» Urat 

■ TmlL fliiilrv li«* iiualiavd aiOi hrtidv, ' Vtr ltiirw'*ii\ i>iUr*/ m Ihc 

KvhirjL H nUkfi, H« ui'U u iilitf. ar UU. UHlk ]ilB'4'rU^lJa and £»«>*,' 



cbi>. rii. 

MKKI'At. Pi>WKIta 

Tliv follDwiti^E I'JUvsi rcUlv li> Uo|^ Mr. Co^uhtJtiu " 
vin^l ivr(\ vvtM'diickft. wlii^'h Tt^ll on Ihr riirtlii*r !«iilr uf 
B vtrvam; hit re1nvv«r tnoJ 10 hring owr both nt onc«s but 
coiibl m>t pu('i?enl; flit^ llifc, tlmuf^i ik-iit lifure known 
(o niRlc u fi'flilu'r, i!i-liJii^r;tl*-W kllli-il cm*. IrxmKlH *>"*r tba 
otlii*r. end Muni^ for the d**tkil hinl. C*>]. Uutthinswti 
rvUl<^i liiitl tvro |Ktriridi^» vitv shut at uutv, -jiit' bt-ing 
killrrj, lhi> oilier wuumlftt: t^Lv Eulli-r tjiil uuidV» und wuii 
caught by Ihe relrKVcr, who on her rriuni riimi? X'totv iN'* 
d«i3 bird; "»lu! ntirpjA'J, ^videLtly ^catlj pnxxlcd, and 
mttvT 4>np nr 1«vu triiiN. firuiiii^ r^tit^ i-imlil not tukr it up 
without p(>miLttinjf tb« vftnji<* at tJit vm^cLd bml, the eon- 
vider^ a tiuniivtiU iW" dilibtfratcl^ murd^ved It bv giving 
il u itvtre crunch, ninl utii-'rwarili hr<>»)gbl avaj Wh to- 
gothfT. ThU vati thr oiiI>- known imitnnt'L' of ht-r i-vtT huv- 
ui^ ttiUullj iiijuii'd anj ;^aiiif^,'^ IJrrc ac hnvo Tonnon 
thottgh uoi A{\iilv j-vrftT-t. for Ih** relri**T»>r mij^hl havp 
brouitht lh<' wouodrd bini firal jimi tlK<n rcluruvil fur EFu* 
dtflid '"lu'. ax tb tlitf i^j^i- of t)if two nild-dtich^. f jfiTr? t.hi- 
above o«M^. aa reBiin^ on Ihe I'vidoiico of tww indpppmU'Ut 
witni*jc-(, and Ik*ihu»c in \»Ah inHlflniMsn the njlrifvi^rs?, after 
di'liU'inti>>n, bn>kt ihrou^L^li n iutliit whirh U iiihrriti^d by 
thi^iij (ibal of &0I kitlinjK lh(> ^vme relncredj. and l.)er3U);o 
tJkcy ilktw bow !<tr>nff thcnr rt-tijioiim); fuculty muni luvu 
hri^'ii to oviTiNimr Ji fl\iii biibit- 

1 Kill coDcbid*' by i^iK-ting a r^ii'tarlL by tUe L||u«tnciu§ 
HumWdl.'^ "The muldt'iTa in ti. Amcricn ruiy, * I will 
ncil fiiw ynii thr dulU' wh^Hi- Htr-|» ih rHAipHt. biil ta mnn 
rrtmn<i\— the on<> thai r^neons bout; '' aud a^ he adds, 
'* Uiii fioj'uiar *rJXt'riwiLiii, diclAted bj long nprrirncr, com- 
bau iFiv >V)U'i)i i>f EinJ^nuiM mjicbiim, bcit«r pt-rhupri thiin 
all the ar^me-ntp ot epoculativo philosophy. !^jcTc^th«- 
k«p porno wrjlem fwn yvi deny that i\w bi>:!icT aninialii t"0&- 
»osei a imc* of riiHin; nnd Ihoy I'ndpfli'iitir to c^KpInin [iwny, 
bv what nf^fimn Lo be mere vt*rbia|;Oi^' all Buch facta a« thoee 



** Ur, Ball. In tiSn nig>l Itiii^mtlbs 

Vt'-v y mitiiid 

Til lLuU^;EMuit ,*ii 

■^'I'MThtnil Kiimtlifii' Glut tnuit- 
lU.. vul. ill, p. 104. 
^ 1 ixm tfimi Ui UnA Ihnl Mi tirntfl ■ 

vERUii> »ncj IlitiiiEtv, KmtVB on Fn^- 
tluitkkn// ]nA. j\ W\ La ^Epentinhr of 

iiiihnaW lArs "Tilt ilLiUiuitiuin, \u- 




11 hn&t I thinkf m^w h^ftn ehcwn Ihnt n»m mid th^> higher 
aaiinaU, es|>oc-ia]ly tlic rrJinatos. liavc ^ome fow irttitinctd in 

<!4]1I|TT|IJ|L. All llMVe ihn HHIlie F(4*IIM1^, illluittOIH, flRll {^L^EIMI- 

tiiinA> — ftimilar piusionti, nirwticjim^ uikI I'uioiiuiiB, even iHo 
niorrr ixim|ilex imcs *"r^) '^'^ ji:ftlmi*"j, •ii«pinon> I'mukUun, 
greTitudi?. ami niBgn'"^"f^*tvi they pmrtine ilwvit nriH aw 
nwtif^lui: iUvy upt [<oan.-1imt*» Kiui'viUjblv to ridieul<>. niid 
even hove a h^iik of biimoiii; they feci wonrlrr and turi- 
oflity; {^v>y powpua itie same facilities of imiljitinn, ntlrn- 
liou, deJiiiorutior, i-lkuice, nu'inory. ima;;nifllniii. the assuej- 
ntioiL ijf idnif, juid rriiKm, though in vi-ry di(Ti<ivtil dc^^ri^t^. 
Th« itidividiinlH of the ^me s|>efiPH gradiiat.o in inU*lli>rt 
frotu absoluTi- imbecility to hi^'h vxt'oll(-tk{.'f.'. They arc o]ai> 
linblr In i]i>niiily« thnuj^h fnr ht^^ nftrii than in (.lie c^w uf 
inHn/"* Ni*VJ^r1h'"tMi;, mnny itiithorK hnv^ inhivlnd Ihnt inno 
ia divided by nn iiieu[)fr'ohie barrier frum all the Iowit oni- 
malM iii liiK meuUl fiiruLt ii<i>. I roriTu*rly inude n L-olleLtioii 
of nliovc a Muoi'u of MJeh aiihomnii:, hut tlu^ aw ahuaal 
AVfirlhbiw. ftft thoii M'ide dilKrrneo and niimbiLT prove the 
dinieiilty, if uut llii? iuiin>iijhiliu^ cif ilie atli-mpt. It hwa 
been aweru-d that miiu nlutic iK cupublu at \iro^Ti.-t^&i\-v im- 
provt^mimt; Lliat he alone iiidkca uac of tools or fire, dome*- 
licstei4 olher amriialT*. or [KhmenH^ jiropfHy: Ibnl no aaiinal 
hoa llif poMAT of flbs I ruction, or of forming penend con- 
cejits, ia M.lf-eon»ciu)ih nmi ti.miprtdifnd.'i iliM*lf; Ihal no ant- 
Uial t'iM|diiyn laij/^Lia^'; thul rnnii tilun-* hni: n m^niii* of Wjmly, 
h linhlf to ejifricp. htm Ihr fMm? of iTTGlihulf, mystery, 
&i^; Irelivve^ ill Hi^d. oi ib endoivtU willi d iihnsi'jt'iue. 1 
vill haxnrd li few ri'inarlcB on Ihe nmre important nnd in- 
terc*tin^ oi th<*c ixiinl^. 

An lihinhtip Sumner fettiierly niahdmnml " Uml iiHi[i 
alonp ifl cufiuble of prpjp-j'iwive iinpruvrniotit^ Thnt ho ia 
cu|iuble of ineomparnbly gr^^atfr nnd more rnpid iujprovc- 
mrnt thai^ tn ttuy other animal* udiikll» of no diFijuile; cind 
thte i* mflirly dm* to bifl power of epeafcin^ and hniidib;; 
down lii» acquired koowlf-djic. With nninmln. hxikirg first 
to Ihi* iiidividnji. every one wlio hn'^ hiid niiy ei|ient'r>c-c 
tn eettiti)? trojw, knowi thut yoiinjc animals can be tjau^hl 

AttA. vhkih b«t* b*«A drfVTi, *vm in 

UK fu n*£ iLiiOfli nn btUrr Atuiiitutlriii 
ti}BiL « tw«l mntkV 'ilNft iitcEnplkyii-^l 
Ji*1i(ialivtna^ ll^nl i^ XU* tMUiikfi(i<i(| 
tbM bvHuw yuu tiut |[Ltc 1*" ihfDjr* 
difvnol kiLiiiM. th*y oiupI Otvnffnru 

hnn^tl^irfrvm ntiuTw. ti 1^ Jlflii?ijit 

r>iin hhVH myy dnntit (■■ (n an fnlmsJ^ 

f ■*' L-pf MnfcaBiriir. 
"^cl■' MiiTituvVD AnAmAl^,' by I>f. 

V'FiLal Srlniii>r,' Jill) Iff?!. 
'■ UuL-lc^ l> &ls d LfvU/Aail4al- 






miicb mom vMn\y thnti M ntttm: and th«y cm\ Iw* itilkIi 

ior« M^ily appnn(-hc<l tiy m ^ttemy. Kvi^rt villi r^^p^^i't 

olil scinuU, i\ m impotfilik In <ttt(li niimy in Utc^ ntiiitf 

itv* hihI it] ihr uinip kiiul dF tni|>, or tn ili^iny ih^'iii bf 

Miiftp kind of fHtKOffi; yvi i1 ia iitiprc*hab!i^ llmt aIJ eli^uld 

luivc ^riakcD i>f iK* ]>oijKtn. iitiO in^potuiMt- ttint nil nhoiild 

iiif ly<i-(i uiufclil ill ■ trmti- Till*)' tmrnl li^nrn mitfiinn b/ 

>iQg Ui«ir bMhn'n caught or poisonvd. In Norlh Amcr- 

\terv ihc fiir^Uflring ntiimuld linvi* lon^ bftrr punned, 

tii<jr tj:lnlv]|, anunltiiir to ihi* tinflnimriui ttwlimony of nil 

in^r^ an ilmmit inc:riMliblc omourl of sapiciiy. oautioii 

__^.^wuiiu^L but Iripjiing fia-i Ixwn tlnrtv mi Uina mrrir<l 

OVr iltBl inlicritmic:^ }my \ma'Mr ItAVt* r>)iiio into piny. I 

hm ivciNT«id *^wnil ftccounu itjjii aIk^ii UL';n^['lj^ aro 

set up ill any tlinlrirl. tantiy, hiiit-< kill t]u'iiiiu<|vfa by 

Lylnif ^minil tlxj uin-^ 'j^t tliat in iIh? fiiutw of u vor/ 

frir yt^tn Ibity li-jm to ovi-kjij UiIh ibiiff^, ty toeing, aa it 

roulJ a^jpnT. tlieir t>uiiiniOr<i ktllr-J." 

If WG Wk Ci* inn*4:<wivi' giTrufriilionn. or l-> Iho rne«T thero 
no donlii ilmt hird^ ana otlur finiiruilA j^ro^liially bolh 
tqair* and Ium^ i-biuion hi r^ldli<iii Ut iiiitii or olhi>r vne~ 
lim;" and tlu^ cAQtion if t^rtnitdy in chl^f jMirl an in- 
lipritod hohit or iivtinct. bTil in |»ori tlir^ rcmilt uf indi- 
■viiTuHl etfurierioe. A gond 'iIinbtv*^. Ijemy,'* slnti^. Hinl in 
'di'tnru ft'hL-ro fox<v ar«- rnuHk hiiulisl, (he y<>iingf ou firitt 
Itiflrinc UifiT burrowF*. arc Tntonlretfibly mui-h more vary 
liun tbe old ones In diatrici4 vti^re tlu^j nre not much die- 

Our darneftlbc dog»i are dusccnd^ from wolves and jack* 
■U," nnd though lEey may not \mve gainod In ^^unring, 
and may have \on ir n'anncu nnii NuapiDion^ y^t Ihoy Imvc 
progroM in (^ertnin itioral qualities, tuch as in allection, 
iM-n«rlhmc«, temper, and jiriha>th in general Jnl^lli- 
_ 'nco, 'rii* common ral ha* cf>nqucrcd and hcaton m^v^rul 
Mber specitt* thmu^lioul P-uropt, in pwrtj* t>f North Am^r- 
k«, N*™- Zaiand, and K-c*mly in Fonjioga, as wcU ah ftn 
Ihr Riatnland of China Mr. Swinh-x^.^^' whn dcso-ilKA Un]&3 
Lvo latt«r oa^K attiiliulc^ Ol« victory of the commoD nit 

Vff blllttaul rtia«ja«K with dr 

If U^itiuy 'JoudJiL of Rv(«rahv> 
kp, Hat 'Ongia «r apMdHk,' ALh 

lit* Auiinaax.' nouvellD MIL tlOft |ih 


H1f*c tlif «T]il*<nL?» nn Chi* hemi ^n 



ov^r iUn Urgi? }fuji fiminffit t^ iU Hiipfiior running; smi 
thi» latter quality m^y urrtUahly ho ntiritmied to llie lin^iitual 
excnjioiT o( uil Up fatullK'B jn Jivuidjiii- L'xIirpuiiDii liy iJiaii, 
iiK wi<-tl Hit hi iK-nHv n\\ IIli- !r» ruuiilikK "J' auiL-iniiLiUHl 
rmt^ having 1i««ii contintmuHlv licKtroyLyl Uy htm. It ifi, 
however. poH^ibli: lliat iUv eui'coii^ of Xhv CKiiunnyn rai Ji\ay 
tri' duL' tti [1h having po-ui-iwd ^iviiti-r ['Uiniiii^' iUan ibt 
folio w^apE-c-ivK, tfrforc it twcunic n^^icialwj with man. To 
iimiaUiiL iiidopcmicntly of any direct (rvidi.^noc^ lliat no 
nninuil ilnniij^ lUt? cuunH* of ngiv hu** pi'i^grttoinl in iiiti-lL<i?t 
or other rn^^ntul fooultit'ii. ie to hi-g the question til tho irvo- 
lutiuu of »EK.-L-k'd. \W have »een tfiat, according [o Ltirkt, 
eiiFilinf; rihiuiiiiu!?! fHrlttii^ing li> Hivcrul oiiIith hnvc h/gur 
hniinK ll»iii their anrirjit U'rlinrj prt*tol_vpi*B, 

ll hnjf oftrii Wm Mid that ii<ianiinatuK''« any tool: but th*; 
eLlin[ifni^H' in a 4Uli^ ^^i niktiire crsck-i » tiafit't.' fruit, f^tuii^^- 
wbat hki-> n wHlmit, with a Hton<*.*' Ki'n>o^"er '^'' Miailjr tflii>;ht 
nr AiiHTicATi n^cinkcj lliUtf ti> lirnk ^i|)c-n IijliJ pdhci^riitts; 
ni>d nfterwarvlfl of iis own accord, it uspd rton^ to oyvn 
oUi4^r IfJiiO^ of lUita, UH wt'lJ uk iHtxef. It lliu^ ilUo rcni<iv<^ 
Uir mft rind of fnitl ihnt hiui a dif^i^rw-ahlr Ihivunr. An- 
filhcr nionkyy u!k* laujjhl to o|X'n ih^ hd ■>f a liir^'e hui 
with a Bliek, and nfk-rw/irUH it unci] iht >li4-'k nt* n Irvc-r to 
imivi' hr-jj^j^ hitrlii-jL. nnA I tjiivr nij^rtf Aoeu n ^uung ortiiig 
put n «tU^k into n crcvict^. e)i|i lii« hand to the olhc^r vuJ, 
and »jpo it 111 {hi [»ro|n.-r nuinnrr an n lever. 'J'h*- Innu^l cic- 
Iflmiili in Jndia >\rv wiW kntmu tti hn*ali nfl" hrarches of 
tivt-» and u*i* thom tn dnve away Iho (lii'B; uud thij? iMnn? 
act bo* tiocii obtfcnffd in an clufdiunt in a i^latc of iiatun?.'" 
I \in\t! aeen n ytmny, ornu^, whti) nhv Ihnu^bt b(lii> wah ;5alng 
t» Iw whi|>|iLH|^ eovor and proteei hi>r*i.df with v blnnkot or 
Mta\\\ In rhc^e *eviTal t'awii nlonc-* niiii *tick*' *^rre l-ih- 
[■tojcil iw ini(i]e]ni'nt»; hiil Uu-y riiv hkevvi^^ nakI a^ «*■«[»■ 
oiiH. BHim^" Ma\QK, on the au(l:ority of ihi- wilt-linowM 
travi'lNr SchJmpi^r, Hint in Aljyf«iniji "b<n tlir Iwibimus 
Udim^ing t<» one *j*eii^» {f\ gplttiia) dt«»'ontl in trrn-»n>i fnun 
lb*' mourititiiM (o plunder The fieids. they wimetimfs en- 
cxnuiur lnxi[4 of another B|»eni.i {C, humtflrynii), ami then 
ji (igbl pnflue* T\\v ilr\tn\nf roll down ^ivat fitiHictf, ^vhi<^h 
tin* Hamadryaii try to nvoid, and th^n b<»lh H(>7<'ie«» nrnkins 
a Kr™t iipr^ar, rush fu^iou^]y a^-iiiufft im li other. Hrrhni. 

p. sea. 

■, ft!-:** 
■ ' Mil* rli-bf 1^' B, i. • T4. St- 



yW. tJL 



Isu altM'k Attti ^rv-AiTtM oa a tr^tuj* ol libbi»np iti tlic ro«n 

iif \l4TEihl in Al»\H<ili]A- Tltr tjiilxrnnt in rx^Liirij fti)ln| wi 
tuonr »!9m« duun lKc< iitniJikUin, ^tirii- in; hiri^i^ in 11 iimirH 
ihtfoJ, ihut Ihi' flttack(r!< buil li> Icut ft ii<;k^l> nltvAl; ami 
the ji«jw wtti ut'iiullj ih»*"(l fur a tiiiir HKitin^t tUt* tiirmau. 
It i!«i4'rvw n-utiev ihttt (bi'»- tiabcH>iJh IIiua ncii>ti in ^outrrl. 
Mr. WalUcc " on three <MM«»ion« m« Icitkalo omii^i oc- 
I'lkthjiGiiiiw] liy llieir jtuutij;, " hn'iikiii}; olf ljrai;i'lii-« arii] llie 
j^rvRl ■f'iijT Irvit iff tliv l>unnii Inv, ^UIj «vt>rj Ajijjt^niiKv 
of I ing fiK^li a fJiouri ■>f iiii«»iL«» a» elTfs^litally 

ke,! I apfirowhing hio iit^nr Ihe 1t\<e" Ai< 1 have 

rv|>vMl>:Uii pi^'n, u ch]ii»|>*in«tTe wtl! thmv any ahjvvi ti ItmirJ 
at ft |fj>oD vhii **Sijw\f \t'\n\, an*\ ihf t-rforc-'iiif-TilLonird 
Iciliruiii ni ili^ C^|v of Qood lli'ijii' |>ivjiftr(H) miii] for Lhe 

In Ih^; Zoological Oanifii*, a in<knkcy, which hid ir*^k 
1^h« ii»aMl to bn^k 'jpen nul*^ wiih n i<lrin«i: and f uhh 
Mttured by Ihc Jccofhtv Mial af1r>r Lu(in|{ tho atoue. ht- JiiJ 
jl in Uic ^tnit-, Ami wouM not Ir-t nny othtT mcjnkry lou^K 
it. Ilppr, th«l. B* hav^ ih* icies of projM'rJv: hut thii iHi^n 
je coiijvit'ii to every flo^ witb a bont.-, and tu iiic>-i or all 

Th*? I'lik* of Ar^jvll" remark*. Ihat th<? favhioning (if 
fln iccij'lf'nii'nt for ti Kpctial i>urf>ci>c i' fitrAuhEtcly |>i^i'iiEmr 
lo aaa: uirl lie cun?iuf«i^ tliut ILU forriie an iiDiiiKiMJrAbIt:* 
^If Mnvc-ii liiitj ami tin? brutca, Thift is no iloubl u vtiv 
inii>'>rfAht di^tincrioD: but tbcn* appsre to mc much truth 
in SfT J. Lubbofk** siiggwtion." ifijit when pnrm?val man 
tir»t iiJft«l Hint fltoiiftt for ony purpose, ho wmiM have acoj- 
d^^nUNy i^iliulcwd Ihem, and would thm hivi? used Ihe 
♦ bMrji fr*>!mt'nlfl From iMs ^Tep il w-^iM bf a smnll <nm 
itt hu-tik ttr rtinia on p«r^*0Hr, nad nut a \ti> wiJi- ctop 
l»» Wbior Ihriii nidrli. TIun Inltrr advnmi', lii^rvi-r. nm) 
hai'i* t.iti>r» l-^n^ s^r?*, if we insy jud^^e by th^ inimmip* 
inirfTnl of time wliidi *lapr<^d bcfort- the mon uf llic n^^o- 
filhic pi-ric'd [cmk 1(1 grindiitg hue) politdiui^ ihi'ir ?<toiic 
tuok. In >)rV3kiTip ibe Aim*, ae Sir J, Liibl)f>rk likiuiiw 
ffrmtrkd, ftpirkti vovild har« been emillcd. «ud iu i^ndins 
ihi'm Svftl wixdd bavi' lurn rvnlvrdr tbu^ (be Ttrti ii^nul 
m^lhcl^ of " otttftinirp fiif mnv hnvfl originalnd/' The 
rkatiire of tiiv itould bn^^" hei^ik kjitiwn in \]iv niaiiv volcfiiiic 
rrpiiiu tt'livti Uvn dci-nfiiomxlly Ibmn lbroii>rh ftm**!-'. The 

■i-Tlii kUl*7 Ai<ck>|v^o; vui, I o-ffinicvii: Mac' Lta«, p^.l^AUT. 


TflK t>Kiif;KST Ul' MAN. 

P«» I. 

itiithr[i|fljiiiorplioii8 ai>e8. ^ilJcJ ^roUblj' \>y iutftim-t, build 
TiT lhi-iii**4vi'* Ifl-nipiniry platfonim; tiul im mimy inni'tUfSit 
afc larg^'ly i-<>htivlli^<i bv n^nporij thr (iiin|tlcr onci*. audi 
NH IhiH of Ijuiliiiii^ a philfutiiu luJglU ivuJilj |mhh into n 
voluufiiry ani^l (.'OTkH<<iuu« ad. Tlio i>ra.ii^ im kncwn Xa cawt 
itHrIf nt nii-hl with the letivt-** of the i'flndanuii; anU Brt-lun 
^tutt'Ti tliat Otic tjf hi» UiU>uiift UKtnJ li> jirutc^i't iIm^U frum 
Iht' liL^l of thv »iiii Ij}' thir'V'iziff a Bri-uW'iiiut ovi<r ilf; hi'nd- 
In tUi'Ai- ■ci'rrul kubiU. vp }inibubly ftw tbi^ llr&l tUpfi to- 
^j«i>U #111110 4»f (bv niiiLjili-r kills Murb H?^ ruiHv arrbitii'tuiv 
«ttd drew, a» they aroee aniongftt lJi& varly progtmtom of 

Mtn'at Individuality. — It wtiuld ljt wry diftlcull for any 
one with even ifiucti mon^ knowlnl^ Ibnu 1 jH>M»Lt«. ia 
Awiviiuiuv Ikiw fnr nnimnlE i'\bjbif nnv trnci-^ of iU^w bigh 
iiK'ntftI fioHvi>i TIm»- dillk'nlry un^fs from tbi^ impoE^iljiL- 
jty of jud^iii^' ulml |NiK*r-* fUroiJi-b tbf mirjd uf uu uiiliiiiih 
and Bj^nin, Ihii furl tlinl whtpni ditfj^r \it a gr>?ai c-xlout in III^ 
mcaniQj- ubich tb<?-y iiliriLiiti' to Ihi- oUuTt- ti-rmfi, cniises a 
furlbiT difbnilty. If our inny judt'c fiiiiii vnrlifU^^ urtlrlt^M 
wliir'li bflv** Wn puhlwb^d lotely. in*> grflftt^st fltr&a* Ab^eiud 
tu U' Luid trti tbr snpjuHt'd L-nliri.' ttbjwm^t- in ntiimolfi of the 
jionfT irf sbi^trnrtion. or of frjriiiiik^ gpniTuI i nnofiitK, But 
wbf<r A da^ iO'>B aiiotb«T doj^ al a ilLetance. it i« ofloii clear 
Ibut he [jL^rvcLvt^n Ibat It ia u d(i£ ui the dlmlmci; for when 
lilt ^He mnn-r bin wboir mnnnfr Middrnly t-hjm^j>A, if Ibp 
other ilo^' Ih? n friord, A ri>i'^'nt writ>?r rviiictk^. timt lu all 
such niM*J it i? II piirp ii--t^iin]|>|jna Ifj niwrt ibjil Iho mental 
Mri in not <>jurnlinily nf dif i^jiitk^ iinlun* in thi> Jiiiifiijil n^ in 
tuan- If tidier t^ivn what be percoivoft ttilb hu? «'mM.'c: to 
a lurnlal con(*cpl. ihrn m. do Wb." WbiMi I itay lo my 
t4Trrirr, in an ^agt^r vo\^e (and 1 have made thr trini many 
iimf^pj, " Hi, hi, vhere is il?'^ etic at onee takw it a? a eijjn 
that KomclhiRi; i> to Th.- bunted, nnd ^'iitrally riri^t bxJks 
tjvii^kly all nroiind, and thf^n ruHbo* irti^ tb<* nrnn^t ihii^krH, 
io §eeTil for any jramc. but finding nothing, fho look* up into 
any nci^hlKHiririjf tr** for n si\\iirtv\. Now du not Ibtriv 
flirtionE rlc^itrly nhi-w thai ibt* had in bvr mind a f^nt^rul 
id^ or i?i>no<Tpt that pome animal la to be diacoTcrcd and 
huntr^d * 

ll mav }w frw-lv adrtiilti^l 1li»tt no animal ia ar»]f-con- 
flcioUB, if by thih lenn it in jinpiii>d, that he r^fleL't* on ftiich 

«*llr ll<»fcbiui),lna]riiarl4pi»riUkllbll«t|ln|li*-fiindiicbiraIltwL* 



Cba». Ut 



|MiiiUi^ M vliCDCff 1m cnmet or vhilbpr ht wjU go, or wli«t 
u lifo in<) il<«lli, Jin*I Ml forili- Btil lirnr nui uv fi-i'l mrv 
tluil AQ iiJ'J (itf;: with in excellent njemory aekI A^trnc [Hjwtr 
flf im*^tMit<-ti. lu oJinvii lijr liw ilttunks iit'*vr reflitjta on 
htA ps^ pIvnKTim OT pmm^ fu tliv ehM»«? And \.Ui* wniild 
Iw H funii i<f «"If-*x»nr^'i*^iWD**M. Hn (be other hni^d, 4« 
BliHinrr " hjH rr-iturkei}. how liule eau the linrdMti.irkrii 
wilt' i>( a ilei^Kktl Auitnilun HUnx^\ ul>'i u»<?» ^^-ry ft'W 
fllinlrscl fl«*rJs, and L-aiiiiot o>iiiil ai>'>vc f'liii, eii.'i'i b''r *c!f' 
I'otiKi'rtJiiri'w:. f*r n-lli^'i <'H the ikjirurt* of her oa^ii I'^iMetu'e- 
11 1" ceriemlly sdinittei), thut Iht? higher AiiimJkU |X4eedA| 
nieiiHirv, uiimtioti, atHicijiliim. and even ««~»r)e imnjcuiAtioa 
nnd rr^Miti. If th«<^ [»<>wvr>, uhieh dilTer iiilmIi in ilifTiT' 
enl snJmoK trv eapililt? of iuipiHivciiH^-nl, thire ttciiuf tiu 
gn?at i[ui>ruiMbilit_v in uiori' tumflex faculties, «Uv.1l q» the 
hi^i«r fornix of uUttnetiun. und M^tf-touiOJutiKnf^f. &e.. hnv- 
inff Iven evoUtd tlirou^h the d"'el'>i inirnt nnd combiiiiition 
of Uk Eiiiipler <irii-!!i h 1ijip» Ikvei uffft'd n^tiiiitt tlu' iiew« 
hcfo tTiiiimjiineO ilifii il It im]xiMiEfti* tu s^y ar what pr:i[i>1 
in the HK<'ndinjt fcnle nniiiinJi^ beininr nipnMe of dlwlrmlioru 
Ae.: bat nbn c«n ntj Mt i^lrit a^** tlii* fierHi'* in our young 
(?hildrv-Ti? W'v uic a1 lead lUait «uc-b powers aro developed 
in cliildrrn br imiicrrrpUblc dcjfn-ni. 

TtiMi fliuriiJilh retnin Ibvir niein^il indi^idualily im iin- 
(|U49lloii£blc. When lUT votiv annken^ « tram of 4>ld 
iMfWieuitinnK in thr mind of the U^fori^mentiont'd clo^, ho 
nniH hiii^ rrlaiiied bii mrnljit inrfividnnliiy, ninmn^^h fiVi^ry 
niom of hm bcdin bad pn.tlial]ty iinder;*^>re eh^in^o iztore (luin 
finre during \hv inlrn'4i1 of fivp rpam. This do^: tui^flit hnvn 
brought ffiruiihl I be ar^funienl Iwhly ndvHnei'd to eni'h 
ftll ^(flnlKJMet^ find «aid, " I abide amid all nu'-ntrd rmoda 
mid all tnalrrial cbdrif;e». . . . The teaehin^ thnc iiIoihh 
Unw tJn'ir imf>rcii*mi!ji »* Inj^arie* to otbcr atoms billing 
into ihe pUeeii Ihey have vacated ia cxintradit^torv uf tbo 
nU«r«Di:« of cvnFii'iai]>urM, and in tbfrtrforr- f^Ue; hut it W 
Ibp timehinj; neeemtlAted by piroUitiomim, cotk(«qn<*iit1y the 
liypoihwi* i- a fal*? one/' " 

/^/lynuijK- — Tlli^ fai-ully hiin jtwlly Wii ron)iidrn*il nn 
01M of the chief f^ittlinrtionA between mjin snrl the lovi?r 
aniiQAlf. Bui man, ar' a lii^lily ei^mTitlfiit jud{*e. Anh- 
bidhop WlialeU reiiraiLiL^ " iv ni»l Ibr only Jinlinjil thai I'an 
mtkfi lUB^r of hnguAgo lo pxi>rf^ whnt if pnHing m hia mind, 

«MViirftfitoii»H tar UTWiri* lUr- ••Ths E<v. Dr. J. «'C(inn, ■ Antv- 



Paut L 

end onri undrrAtJind, mnrtr or li^t^, what i^ t*^ cji\ir(^as.od ljy 
«nolher/*" In Pflffl^'aay Ihc CffttM ucanr whtu txciled 
utt«-ri Hi li'Qvt »iK (JiHTiiiL'L ^niiiifb, n'liii:4i px4^i1l< hi 'ifher 
monkeys HiTHilnr nTintjona.''* Thr rH^iTk^tncnln <*f the fco- 
lurta uml ^feluitr *if iiinitkt'yff rire tiuOi'lBlotid \\\ \}^. ailJ 

11 j& u rnorc remnrkfl1>]r finrt thnl Ihc doif, finer bring domDi- 
liL-ateil, ha8 lemiit lu Ijuik ** in u[ li^atl tour or (ivv iliblinct 
tones, Allhoii^h barkii)^ iti a ji<-w art. tnj duubi Uil> hjIiI 
parrnt-apecica of thr dug cxprc**cd Ihcjr fc^liDK^ ^>y critd 
nf vfirifni*! kind'*. Willi llir dmii>'«^ti<'BlK) dog wr linvt* Ihe 
bark of 4>agorDoe&. as in llie cliatte; tliat [>r Aiifjcr. at woh as 
fCronling; the yrip or lutvl i>f drupnir. nit whi^n siml up; 
f?n* buying Bt niglil: \hf ImrV of jny, js rtln-ii §t-arf.iii^' on 
n nnlk with hH lua^fer: Jind IIk< v^rr dietincf one of do- 
niniul flr !<iipp!irHlin(j, ii» ^vlirn wichirsc J**r b d*ior or window 
In bp o|>fnpd, A*'i*i>rdiiic In flniw,i-Hri. wlin pwid pnrticiilur 
iiIt(*nlion tu ttiL- [^iibjt^cU Iho dr>iTiL'^LK< fowl ulU-rii at U'ur^t ti 
doion ^ipiifii'nnt *oimdr»,*" 

Tli6 habilnal usp of ftrliniUtp Iflngiiage is, howpv^r, 
pccTiliartij infln; but be ub<ji», in eonimun witli tbo low<?rani- 
tuuIa, i[iiirlic()lji1r crii^A li: i^JLprcM* bii^ mmnin^, nidrd by 
gefl(nrf« nnd th^ movompnTe of the imisdefc of the fa<*e.*' 
T!iifl od|>ecinlly holds ^-ood with Ihi- mon.' tinipl« and vivid 
fwlirigis, nhicb pir*' btil lil.llr i^TnuiHi'd with out bijjInT in» 
tclliffpnco. Our cri*?8 of pnir, fpur, eitrpri^e, oh^vTh t'iir^ll>pr 
U'itb (heir irpi»n>T»riiit*' wctiimr. imO the inunnur "f a 
tnnibrr lf> brr IHovcil riiild. an- nion» rxprrwivi' Ihnw Hiiy 
won!*. That whk-h di^tin^iiielK-^ timr frijiri t!it lowor ani- 
nmln iH not Itio undtrfllnntling nf nfliruhl<: [wjiindfi. for, 
KK rxcry r>np krinVK, dogn imdt»rftlHnd many wnrHn nnd h»ti- 
t^nooa- In this ro^pf^cl Ihoy aro at Ihi? ^nio Bta^ of d«- 
rdopincDt afi infnut--<. liHwr^^n fbr a^-* af Im and twelve 
months, wlio iindf'fTit«nd muny word* und sbort Minion™*, 
but cnnnot >vt uttor n sinpk word. If it not the incro 
arUciilHlimi wbicb ift «ur d^^tin^^i^billK t^lMnider, fur par- 
mtv nnd otJinr birtU pootSB tbi*i |nrai*r- Nor ju it tbi* mrn- 
rnpnnly of rrtnnoclini; dftliiilo ^ornid* with dc(ini1f idr-ns; 
f^r it is ceitjiin Lbal soiiii' piirroU. viul.'Ii ]m\K biH-ii luu^'hf 
to ftppAkf eoTiniH'l unerringly wnnte with 1hinj>^ uod ptrwMi> 

•■ RenjIJ^fiT, <^iil. *, if-T 


Mr. RH T.'l-fr'i v.'i i,,T-Fi-Tl.i.r"'.rli. 



c-AP tin 



with <*vi*nU." Tli^ IrtucT snimHU tYtffvr from msn ftolHy 
in hit fllniudl inllhitrlv Inwr power of AMfWiatiQf; ti:i>;o11i«r 
the nio^t dm-r<iCr(l itoundn nn<i id(«j(; nitd tliin <jhvioiuljr 
f1i>]l^clK nn chn bi^h Hprplnnirrnt of hiK uipntnl jirturprK. 

A^ H^rDu Tu<>i£i?, ono of the fountJers of ihi^ noble Bci- 
ri»re ^f j»h"'''l"lO"- otscrircf, IbDj^iuiK^^ is an nrt. like Woitt^ 
or liflliin^; hut irriting HniiM hwvr lipi'-n » iH-lti^r Kimil**, 
It fvrtainlv i? nol n fruc* mi^tinol, ff^r ^vi>ry lan^ufi;.'? hat to 
U* liuirpt. It diff-^i*. howi-MT. w hIt')> tftit n\\ vnUuni} arta, 
for man tufec an irwhuKivr hi»Ji>m-}' I'l »jj»«ik, us ivi* se^ in 
lbc< bahblv of our >oijn;; childr^'n; wkiitt no child hm nn 
iiulitictitv leiidfntv lo brew, Utkr, or nrili-- Uoreotpr. do 
phlUfUigiftt iKiur tiipj^rtftv thai any Ur^iiagi^ hna )>t<rn d<^- 
u1>«nitclir uivooT«d; jt hai, bcon slowly arn\ i]Dcon<4ciouf]y 
iJfl'vt^li^ijPil hy Kinny j4i?[ik." Thfl viundH ulterHl \\y birua 
ofTflr in tOvwhI r*sj>*cU thft nfiarrnt flnjil*>>ry M lun;:uajfe, 
fur nil lh« mi'rtiWr« of ihc Aam*? dpoi^tC)4 ultcr llic 6am4> in- 
■rinrtUr rri** rijin'«>ivp nf llirir rriiol jciuii: Miid all (lie 
kimU which «ng, ^^tpt! th^ir |>nwcr instint-tivHy; but the 
flotaal *'>n^, 3D<] ptcu |!k' lall-notw. we l-.'iinil from ihcif 
fwivntu i>r fn*trr-pin'»i»- ThrM- -toiirulH. a^ Dflidt"^ Bar- 
nnslofi *' brtfl proTcd, " nrp tto mniv innntf Ihnn lan^un^ 
U in mnn/' TIwt find alttfiiiplii to iinc •' mny br rflmpiiird 
to lb* iiiij"^rfi*rt cnd™*vrMJr in n chrld In liBbblc" Tlio 
ycimp irmL** continue pnicti*iii|r» or ha Ihv liirittaU'hi-rt 
My, '' ttvoHinj^-*' fir t(»n or t*lf veo ircmlhA, Thrlj tlrrt 
«ij;eay» show hardly n rudiim-nt of Tbo future son)?: but aa 
Ibcy grow older wo can ["crccivc whnt Ihcy oru aimiu^ al; 

• t k^n SfiHivfrd wnml Jsturl^l 
MveoOT* to liil* t^i!?L AflnitriLJ Kir 

B> J<^OllvUl. *lxHTI I KciTf 1h^ lit; * 
paMifWl Ahifif>^. «Biiiiivi» mn that bri 

■ r l^ii- T*'-LI*ilrriM, H »i^ll (W* 

(JirlT nuiimk Ho vtiil 

■ " 1- tii-^v Ptnitat hrwflV- 

f..*.-' I J "f Tii^'ht" Ui P^c»iiL»llMiy 

lal\ ilir r 111 ^^ ' .K'Ki, *rfl nrr** f*- 

« -r-t^\ i,i,-< -xJ iIliIJ'4|i>- T^ Sir H^ J- 

TuiiiAV* fnthtr, he imr^l t;>ihkl tn Ihif 

-1,-tir.l ni'>miui; " * ■Ji"rt Mc*wnoe, 

*tilfl» «w rtffv.vr oEiL'r rKprntiv] jiOff 

fab rMlitf* i^llL III r<-1-l>-] ^i^- 

Ifiitl- ^ -rnii^ia iloc vliirh onrir« inUt 

iinfflflh ^h* open wlniJ*"* : 

- 1, , "■ 1 liT -' vMnli hml /"t 

■uti'' ■ 'I **» f*tJiiir »|ii»l*^ 

^ 1^ , r )i-. jlfi kiro, to 4li« 

A- MonL-hliiLti iiirijuiit iiiii U]4il Ik kii^-'W 
t ftBrllnu whlp^h imvi'r inmli 4 riii.fnkft 
III ktylFiir til G'-miAr "u-vnl iiio*Ti1i>jf " 
\f wnutiwutiimviKtii] "^""^1 *i>',i'M 
f^'ll-iSI,'' !*> lJiO»r!i -IrHptrlknt* ' I'rmlrl 
vM •DVtmT 4iLh(T M«Ai I'Viv^ 

•• Si'L' vipiii. jHfioit ramnrkh "tt Ihin 
(ipii»i f-v l"^*^ W hitnf^r, in hl*MiTlP»V- 

Ha tl-^rvt* iIliiL ill* fls»W '>f H*-imrim- 

flift-'fl, *liii:lr. iu Uio iA&r<Lli>pii*nt of 
UpffUHiT^ " iriirt* Iwlli ciMHi*trin*ly 
■nil Uiki>iinv1i3ii«ty ; cridwl'ij-lj v r»- 
;»nrjl* ihn imniciliBi* hIkI I" I* it- 
t«4j(<sl : iirKwiu^iitihly r* r>fnAlM tJlO 
riitlfn't i**!!!*!' I uL'in ■<.■!* <.'f lJ«r- H''U'" 



PAkT I. 

nctd ni Ufil (licj urc siiid " to flinp thdr 8ou« round." Neftl- 

lillg:^ wh it'll lliiit' l*»Hriil llic mn;f af il rliAtiiul ^[Hi'ii-ji, ^irt with 

Ihc coriftrj-binJe ixlUL'UKid in ihe Trr<il, li^flrh ftnd tiflt^innt 
tlitjr ucw hong tt> Ihcir offniiriug, The sliirlil uHlural dif- 
fert^ntvfi of eong in tlir *nmi: x|ii'iii'j« iithaliiLiiiv (Mteci'iit 

markSf ^*lo proviiidnl ilidttcU;^' uad tUo Bontit of allied, 
though dieilnct S[>ri-u*fl nmv U: iiiiiijmri'il uilli tbr lim^ua^a 
dibitiiit-t rmwB of man. I hnvp ^ircii Ih*? foiv^aiii^' do- 
lif h> (ilu™ tliflt hn iu»tiiu'livc U-ndciic^ l^ aojuin: an art 
fa not poculwr Xo mun. 

Willi n*fipeot lo Ihe origin of articulate Iniifftingc, aftt^r 
ImviHK H'jid (in llii? uiic ^illc the iii^hl^ iuttTL-nhiiir vvorks 
Mr. IlrUKbij^li Wi'dgwtiml^ llit Kev. V. Furrar. Jiiiil Prof 
leidior.** and the tbli^brotcd lecture* cf I'rof. Max Miil- 
iiij Ihti oIliLT nidf. I rauuol Juulft tlial lanjiuat'c owe* 
lU origin to Ujc* imilatiou and moJiCmtiou of various natu- 
ral soundf, (he voice:? of oihcr aniinnls and inanV own iH' 
HliUL'Uvi' cHl's, ajdvd hj tt^uti mid |;l-a1.ujtb. WIicli »e Ircat 
ot jn'xual itdw-'tion wv ■hull loe Unit prijiK'vid iniin. or rallier 
wme ejirly progenitor of man. proljobly first iiaod hi** voice 
in |]iridLk^i])g triK' uiunicHl L.-adi.'ij<.'i.'>H. that h in ^ingiii^. ^a 
do *?uint^ uf ihu gibbuii-api'^ ni tin- |>ri'6enl djiy; ami wu may 
conclude fron a widcly-dpreud nnnlog:v, thot this (lower 
would ha\e hi.'1'n f»]wL-i»lly i'ltt-rtt'd during ihi- coiirtsUiji of 
the eexc«, — would have cipri'SHcd vitrioue tinotione, tuoh as 
love, jcnlousj, f.Hum|>li> — nnd would hnvc served os o chal- 
lengf to rivals. It ie, Iherefniv^ prDhahle that the imitation 
of niueit*al onoa b_v ortitaikli! uounds may htivo j-ivi-n riee ia 
irordfi eiprc^wve of vnrioii> complex emotions. The strong 
fwidfrtfy in niir nenrr^t hIIIps, the norknVH. in niirrneepha- 
loua idiotii," and m Iht! laulmrouH races of inankiml. t*i imi- 
tate whatevi-r they hwr tii'MTieh milicc. a^i iK-ariHi! nn the 
Mihjut nf imitHtion, Since monkeys certainly uudL'rslaod 
much thflt It eaid to Ihem hy man, nrd whm wild, utter 
elj|:nal>Lvii3 of danger lo ilu-ir fellows;''' and >ineo fowls 
pivL diHLinel warnings for danger ou tho ground, ur in the 

IjiEqpiu*,' by ihii Bdv, F, W Ynrnr, 
iet& TfaoHO vdrkit urn mont ijitcirinil- 
Inr. Htflfcln-lio I4 I'hyt. dL do Pn- 

Inin^^nln] bt fir, niVVi-n iMt-i tfif 

li^BtLot by the Sflcnpt if l^tn^nifv.* 

trvlmlra,' l*kOT, p, lfl«. WiUi mtrml 
[T. *»*pctvL, I bun ff'iviit] pnno fluta in 
niv ' Jnurrjul of Kw&rtlia^' Ac. ISifi. 






frkr from bavk* |hoUi, a» wofl w a tJiird ct^', inlvUipblo to 

jtTiilJiln] the (jruml <.f d Iu'hpI »if [.»nn, dmf thus InliJ hi* 
frllo* nwiiikv]^* (he iulvr« of iho t'3i|wi'Ud iUii;;ir.^ Thi* 
vnuM Lave bcru ■ JIr»l xtf^T' <■> ^^^"^ formntkon nf a Inii^n^uKC. 
A« iho ifolc* wa* nwl mf»rv nnrl mnrp, r.h(» vochI or;fJHi>* 
vnuld hate Wn Hln-n^^hL-nHl uud (K.Tf«<<!loil Ihruuuli Ih? 
pnnciftle i>f ibr inlifrilitJ HTccle of uiwi and thia wauH Iwnre 

tbe cuntiJiwxi umj oI b&^ua;^' and iIil* dfrvcl'^piikODt *>i thi? 
l>rain. Ieai an dixiljf tx^r^ii fur Kurn; iinprorlariL The uieuUl 
p<ywfry in wm*- **ar!^v progi>nilnr nf mnn mtutt havi- Turn 
irH>rt^ hi^lil>' dcTr-Ui|i(ii itiai) id any oxitlirx' ape, before cvon 
Ihc moat j«i|H-rf(^t t^mi if »|«M:i:h finilil ba»e CTiint* inlo 
iu«; but u'l? miiv confid^'nllr Wlipvc thai ' Ihi- t'fnitinu*?j 
u*e and odi^ncomeut of ihiji powor would hav** reacted i*n 
1li«- RLJitil JtaL'If. \i\ L-imMiiii: nud t^uriruJii^rini? il l(» L-drry uu 
lon^r lrain« af ihnu^ht, A compU-x train or Ihou^ht can 
no more be ccrncd en wilhoLl Ihi' aid i>f words, whether 
A|Hikeii i>r sih'iil. Ouu a lonj^' iiik^ulrtl urn uJUicjuL Ihif um> 
af 5cur(« ur nl^^t^^ni^ It ii)»|icarv, ttU/*, thai oreit an oriii* 
nary Irftin »f thought aliiKifl k^iuUcja. or h preall^ fflcili- 
Inlt'd hy tuitnB funn of tan^iiii;;L', fur Ihv dumb. deaf. Hiid 
blind prj, Jjium Briri^mnn, wih .>>j-;'>rvr^l l-> unn hrr finRcrh 
tthilat dreaintiif;»" N\'\trthe]*w- a hn)i hu^ii^a'ivu of vivid 
and ronnecU'd idiw* may pat* thTi>u;ih tbi- mind wilhoiil the 
«td of wiy form of langnapCj as wc mny infer fr>m the 
niotemeulA of do(^ during' (bi-ir drwiuit. TVe have, aUo, 
•«ii that animaU arc* ubiu to rt-uKon to a ccrlnin I'ltt-nt, 
mnmfrflly without tJic aid rif Ifln^iteirc Thf intinmte r^^n- 
n^ctiou Wtvi^'zi tbt' hniTii, d^ il iri now dr'vi.-liiiit'd in ue* 
■nd Uit^ fflcutly of »|K^*ob« :m w'HI xihi^wii by lluwi^ curitiua 
cMt^ of hmin-diHCAitc in whirb jipo^rh is sprrially nlfcrt^d, 
»* mhen lb? pwncr lo rviopniliiT MrdwUntivf-' ]>■> In^t, whil«t 
olhor v'f^rdf lan be corrvcTly i^vod, or uttrre ftibnlantivoa ijf 
a rrrlain chw, at aII cif^|>t the initial IHtriv of Auhftnntivcf 
and pf(i|wr riamf4 are for^ntleii.*" Tln'r<* J8 no more ini- 
pro^iabdily in ibo fjonlinted iiAd of thi» inontal and vocul 
or^&Eid Irvdin^ to iahcritcd changes in their ffructurt: nnd 

fmir.' ' ' r I irL'ifv on (hi* t'lr*- 

jm I « )Irfiuir"itt*< Afii- 

•• M*ny f iiriftQ* '*-f* huTi* b«>ii J*- 
m»ilM>ii AtiKiwln." l^^o, |i, 27, -M.f*!* 
Ihfl Iritf llPrliiiil I\t*nn»,' lij Dr. Ah*- 






Tut I 

fiincti'>nB, *hfln in ihe I'asc of haod-w ritinp- wbit-h ilependA 
pHi'tlj mi ]h*- fiirni rif [hi< liuiitl Lirifl pmll^' on iMt' tliiijioiij- 
tinn of the mird; nii'l hniiflwnti»a i* ri^hnirlv iliho riled- '^ 

iinv^' litU*ly iiiKist(itl ihnt Lhe un' i»f Init^'iLUgo iELL[>H4'v: tlio 
power of forimng prmrrnl ronrrptft:- iitnl Ilint ns m- nnirDrtla 
are HU|>|Kisr»l {t> |j(Jfm'vh this [Krwrr, an iiii]rtihffjl»k- WniT 
ia fcnuvd belULt^n tlit^iii nud m^ri." VVitli rovpc;! tu juii- 
mil^, J hiitp nlrrndy onrfcrtvoiirpd to show thnt tli*^y have thi* 
power, s( ]i'9^[ in a nidt* am) indjuprit ik'^iei'. At fzir nv 
conccnaa infanlB of from ten to olvven monthn old. and di*af- 
mntm, it nfonit" to tor incn^diM^, Ihat tlioy ahoidd k- able 
to (X'niie':! rertaJn Munidrt with (rriaiii ^'ftu-ral jiWs &a 
quiokly aa thoy dd, unloifi Buch idE'ns Hrt<' aln^ndy fi>rnjcd 
in th<*ir mim]^, TJif snnn* rcniflik ihajv bf exU-nJcd ti' the 
tnorn infpllignnt Jintmn]&: a^ Mr Lo^lk' SlepliL'U (jbsorvyfl,"* 
"A do^' Iruiiiot^ u >:i7nvriil conerpt of i-nla or tlii^fp, nnd 
knows thr conwpondiDg nuiJs at n*ll as a pliibwfjiber. 
An^ th(> cafiacily to Tinderatanrf Is ae ^or>d a pruuf uf vocal 
intdligcrncc, though m an inferior dctrrrq, n» the capaoity 
to spenV," 

Why the organ* now mtd for (peeeh ftbouJd bave b«yn 
orii^ally perfected for thU piirposr. tothrr thnn nny other 
organa, ii is iinl. dillii'rih 10 ^t*»'. AiiU havt I'lmhiderable 
powers of irlrrcomtimtiuntioii by rnriius of tbt-»ir atjtt'rviia!, 
aa b)ie»n l»y TTiibiT, wluj delates a wholr chnplcr fo ilirir 
lungua^'- \Vc mij^ht havo ii*i.'d onp flngera na pfllr-rcnt iti- 
fltmmrntA, fcir n pcrflnn with pnirtiro t^aii report to a douf 
man every word of a apeech rapidly delivered at n public 

FlAflt* timlbt ilMiirdiJr-iUnh,' if<L, Ii. 

• I^oturu im < itt l>*rvrM»Si Phi" 

tonnpliy r>f lAnifiJijfd,' )ti7R. 
*»t!io jiirlutmnl -f ■ .liillft(niiih#J 

IliElolr«;fi*i,»ii-^hH*fV>r Whifney, vlll 

limn iTkytlim^ llifit I <!U) 'B^. H^ tv*- 
PiBrku r rMpiiUil tifi>l T.i»pi|l"[irSiinl- 

mniii nf tbn j-oimr i*f ItihiliiTiv, M thfl 

tJcrtmrVnifUw^-. (hrrfflmliv wunMftiin 
mftht tJli<*ajtlit ibMliite^^ lin|4iwiU« 

httti'i i-aiiu-A M.-1 t*1(liipul n UKil With 

nrl fl"!* "Iinrt of M llU*i'* Brnnit pftrt' 
iJcAiut. llinL mt ibfunL !>'r> /d"', m>t 
*ihi*h4iifff U ii"1 ft huitiun frtiin^, ait-l 
dijiL ildiirminfii ilu Pol liL<i-"iiiv |i» 
fa«!<l ^f rM^rrn vritJI O-^y limrii la 

r(>.^k(?T) wonlh" Mju Mnilor [■>■» lu 
iulk<* ^' Lrvluru ■>ii Uf' DurVm't 
I'bilrt*.-i|*v nr I,iiTitf<m#p' ja7Bt tJiirJ 

lr*rluro) Oi' fi'lli^intf uplKiiT-in ! 
"Tbprr U no Ihoiii^M villnmt "i^hl^ 
iw ^iiib u (I»*re arc ■'ipl- *itlir>iil 

niri« hoTr lifl (TK-r-n t^ t|iw wnrd 
UiKLirM ! 






aivctini:; ImiI '^^ I'mv of nur bandH, whiUl thuB cmptoved. 
witolit hare hi^ti h M-timix im^t^itvrUEriti'f^ At. a\\ Ow higfirr 

ll iL«fe ulmninlr priilniUIr ifiiit IIii^h- Mnuf uremia *iti\\t\ 
be alill ftirthct <!*vfio|wd if tho iion-cr ri( comiininn'ih'm 
had to In; icipicvt^, and thte has liwn effectoH \>y the nit) 
nf ndjuifiiii)!; am) »rll nibf^liit ijarii-. iiaMU'!\ i\\v Um^av mitl 
llpit.^ Th*" facx of the hi^jhtT •jii.'* not uhtik Ih^'ir vd«I 
fTtpftiK? for efif^tii. Qo doubt il^prn<l« od their intdiij^rtirr not 
Iipvih}? Ij«<rii iuiTif?K-ii1l> atlivnnMl Tho |ii>4»i>Ffiii)n liv (hem 
of oTf^ti$, ttfaii^h with longi^'unlinm.'J pmcliLi* ini^ht Iimi« 
hten uW for E[>eecli. &Uhou^fi rot thQK iiwd, iji pnnilklnl 
by lilt <'a*e nf [Tiiitiv liinli whirh |Ho*i*fM rir^iwrw fittfil for 
•inpiikt thoujch fhtt nc^cr mix- Thun. tli^ rnj-htiu^ial^ 
and crow havt tucal or^aDi> ^imiUrlj conMnKi"', ihvte 
being vwd bj' Ihe former for (Jivriirtcfl amg, *inil hy tlip 
lalUf only for t-rajikinj:." If it bo tikod «hy apt'- lia\c 
not kad their intrllcrtt developed lo the mwf dfjifr^' n* 
thAI of num, ^en^ral enueefl i>nly can V nmngtifxi in hmeu'^m'. 
And it w vnmijionabtc lo t-iptcl any thiii^ more ilotinili^, 
coiL^dcrin^ *j\it iiriionint'e with re^ptvt \a the .luixt-jiiiip 
AflgM ot dev^topment through which each creainrp h»» 

The formntiiiii of HifTrri'iit lHn^ijfi^i->- anil nf ilirtlinel 
fpQci^T "nd thp proofs ih«t !tofh hav»> h*oon dordoi^nl 
ttiniutiii a gradual procetrf, urt- curiou«1> [«irttllel-** ISut 
wi- enn linti' ihr fnriiiali*'" nf manv wnrHw furthnr luuk 
ttun Ihat of lip^Pt!, for v <«r perceivo hov Ihey actiuilly 
aroae frtjiii llie imilalitiii of variouii ^undit, VVp firnl in di*- 
liuirl iaujfua;:!-^ vtrikiii^ hr>m»1o);i(« thtp to rr>inmtiTiit\ nf 
lirv^cfil, and annlo^e» dn*? to n einaihir prow-^ of fdrnmlion. 
The BianacT in which (.'irHaih li^ttrri or *ound^ chaii^'e whrn 
nthen r4iaii;ri- is ^rry Hkr rorrrlif.pd ^rwlh, Wp hBVi* in 
Jioth r*iei Ihe rrduf ligation of pflrl>i, rlitr effwlfl of long- 
coEttinucil use. antl eo fortlt. Thu frEM|i)vnl iirenuncu «f 


* ^^ tooe jii'rrJ rvnorluiA till" »f' 

IllnK' fnL H t^Jt'J- r> Ttt An ^r«iU 
Lvnl'itiHiivr. Ur. T(Wkir*lL fcmmfli* 

BrUM MM; jr<, b> ^< idfU, Jin«r 

ftiT ImJuiioii. - Kw'ivi'hn in Ki'vila 
ipat Lm vDcn lilt i1ovD|ri|Mi>vur Krai's- 
ibc Antiijuitjr uf Uab,' IhtS, cbnp. 



rudltnentft. boUi in language* and in species, h fitill mora 
rL^rnurlcji^ili' Th<' li^tli'i' m in tli4> \V'>ri) fjr'i> iiii'ii^a /; *o 
tlinl in thr pxpn'Mion / ahi, u nuporllui-»ue jinH UBclrss rurli- 
iiioiil liarf Irt'L'ii iL'laiEiL-t]. In iIll* ^ijclliji^ aImi uf noirlt^^ It^tlers 
<>rtr>n r^MimiiL aa the rudlmoQU uV iiiKk'nl ft^rm^ of ftxituintt- 
ation. liJtTij;uEip<d, liko or^'Uiii< licrngi^H nin tit^ i^lj^f^cd in 
groiJj« [iiiLli.'r gfcups; aoJ thtj can \jv clftHbtd t-iflivi njilu- 
rall}' aoeonlin^ l*> dwcvnt, or arlilk'iallj by iylhvr cliurai.'. 
tc>ni- I>omJnunt Inngnngi^if nnd diulocts sprcrid widrly« and 
leail to the jfr^dual exliiic.tii»ii iif rrthcr t**rgHea- A Ijin- 

Kaev, like fl epeciea, whon r>nco extinol, DeT«j, as Sir (X 
_i?Tl rcnmrkf^ rpnpptmrp. Tlip «iTnr Inngunge never liaa 
two hirt1i'|tlHrr>^ Di^Mnrl InTi^imp'^ rtuiy lie cn^f^'d or 
biended logeltier." We wee \arjalihl}' in every l'>n^nie, and 
new wordd arr rontinuitlly cri>|)|iinB uji; hul aa IhiTr- ir a 
limit t(i ilir [mwrr* of Ihi* mcinnn,, singlp wnrrls, \\]yo whole 
kngiia;;es, 'Taduslly Ixrt'onie e\Iiuel. A^ Mux Milliter'"' Iluh 
well mimAi^; — " A struggle fcr lifo in c^nMnntly going 
on nmriu^fil tJip worHs and grammsiiral rnrnii* if eacli Un- 
Kue^'C. Tilt belter, the shorter, the crniier ff>rinit ere con- 
»t»nily puining Ihi- upppr band, and llioj owp fht»ir Mif[^e» 
lo Iheir o\rn inhi'reut virttio." To thftft» more important 
cpinfira of the mirvival of certain words, mere novdty and 
fa^ihfon may l>e iiddiHl: for \\n'iv U in lln- mind nf man a 
rtron^i love fir elipht ehmReii in aW Ihingw. The uurvivd 
or [ireHervalioa of cerlHin favoured wjrda in the filrug^lo 
for«iiBtMice U niilHra! tdiv^tion. 

The pcrfeetly repidar and wonderfully f^omploic con- 
armetioii fit Ihr laripingL*s *tt many Imrlmrotm tiHtiont ha^ 
often b«m fldvanepd as a prtvif, mth<*r of \h*> divine origin 
*>f these Unj-iia;:cF. or nf iht hijiih art and former dvdisn- 
(fon of thr-ir fninrlerfi. ThuA F. von Sddej-r'l writes' '" In 
thwe Irnicitngoj whir'h n|»i*?rtp to hn at. tho loueit prade of 
inteHectual cultarF. we freipiently ol'snve a very hi^h and 
elalmrafe dejrrer of nrt in Iheir ^rnimrniiticrtl KinifUir*-. Thin 
\fi eF|hjeiflIly tho cnm "»th the ElflPfjiiP and thf l^pponuin, 
and many of {he Amerinm UiipiiHjr^'M,^^ '" Itiit i* i^ AMtircd- 
It an ^rror to Mpvnk of any Innpmjie an an ait. in Ihr jrnue 
'if it* hovinp been elahonilelv nnd mt^thodjeolly fonn^d, 
PhilnlofiutB no* adnut that mnjuptions. dcclenwon^ Ac, 

• Soe rvmarkv M th« fiftw* Uy iho » ■ Nitnnv' JuiYiury «h, IHTo, |V 
Ifcff*. F, W, Tutu, in nn IntPn^Uriff t^T. 

vip|>m*-lD*KMiift,'SanvkMlb,l»TD, D&Maft, lAOH^p. M. 


ctM. iH 



orifitinnUf ranted an <ibtinc1 wonl*. »iiki% joinnJ t.nicHbcr; 
liM w«Ui'1i voniri rxpmi> tin* EniMl i;1>vm>ii)1 n^lnrMiMV l>rtwriwi 

hm-rr b«wn uxh.hI by tlic men of moit rncnt ilurinf; thr rjirlieAt 
mg«^ Willi rvw^Hvt tn itprftvlinn. IW following tlTiixIni- 
U»a will bwi ^licw Ih)v ettfiily w« may err: a Crmoid iioiite- 
UiliT* fM»n^Utii oi 110 k-w tHan lAO«(h)0 pinx*« at nhrll/' all 
uTmitgnl nitli |u-ffiH>i nyinrnplTj in milinring lini^B; but « 
iialumltt^ 'h^i^ nM ^uti^iJiT an snimuJ of thr» kind ae inuri- 
|irrfn:t than a (jiUlrnil imi- Aillt <-iim|iiiriLtivi.-lj t^n }rart5. 
Aud with nnrii* f>f ihr^i- titirr» nliko, ptrj^jiiin^ on ilu* o[k|M.)* 
site sm!<« oI thf bixly, H^ ju^tty <Hin«id4rH the dilT-.'N'iina- 
liuii am] t<|>n inlWirni c)f iif;{on* n* the* ieM of (irrft'i^tion. 
So wilb Uiixiiii>f<«: I'^ip moni ftyntni4<tnrai1 Mml roru|k!rx au^lil 
not to be nnki^l obove irre^utar. abl>rcvia1t'(l, and bo^tard- 
ifitd Uui^jt^n* wbidt Iidvi' Imrnmeil e«(>rL'!«iv(* Aoftlh niid 
iiK«fat fi>mut of vomiLniotiou from vaHout conquering* l-ud* 
4iiCTT-(l, or immijfrant racei. 

FroiiL ibvtse fvw ttiil iintRTfei-t. n-msrks I couirluilr tliut 
tb» MtlTfwdy eouii>kx sind rr^ftr t^omtrurtiun *>t mnny 
borbaroui laDiniag^f^ i* no proof llmt tb«-v ov<- tbdi itriL^in 
lit a «jjB>iial wl of <'n'(i til 11)7' Nor, hk vt> bft^'^ M'f-n, ij-ttih 1li<^ 
facruJty of articnilatf* «nvLrh in iIm^U olTcr iiliy ini!Ui>L-mtilb 
ubjeciioD lo the belief Ibat nian biM been devclopca from 
kume lovrr (omv 

^N^f vf Htaatg. — Tbia mium baa boan doclamd to tx' 
peculiar lo luau 1 refer here only to the p1c-a»ur? ifivcn 
by «erlaiit f^t^luur*, forinn. nnd Bounde. and which may fnirly 
br cnllt**! n wn^ of th<^ limitiftjl; irith ciiltivit^od mt'ii jul-Ji 
M^iiMi|i'*(L? anu hi^tfrei. intimnlclj ow<xiJil*d willi comiflrx 
idi^fl]* aiiii trains nf tbouifht. Wlirn vi^ li^holH n iiinle liirH 
d^Jjibomli'ly dbfhviiiff bi» praci'fu! |>!unn'B or uploiidul ou!- 
oiin4 hicfon' tile feTiinl**. wbil^'l otht-r birdK. iinl eIuik iWo- 
mt^, make no hucb display, it ic iinfo^ible In d'^ulit thnt 
ahc •dmiri># tbc braaty of her male portiior. Ad vs'omen 
ejfryvihpTr d<*ek thema^lr^s with Ihc**- |>li)iitiw, the l»«nily 
of tticbomameiiTdoaimot be disputed- Ae^? «ha11 ««« lat^r, 
Ihr nf*ifi of hnTnmiii|r-bird?i« urn) the pbyin}; fUJA«if-cfl of 
>*nw(>r-b»rdfi srp iBetpfiilly ciniHmriifi'H alth y:i\iU'-ri\\ii\iriv] 
i>bj«>rt4^ aiwl (tud riheu^ Ibac thev mnat r'3o^4T*> eome kind 
of plffiaure from the flight of .imil: thjTLjt*- With the i^reat 
mawTJty at nniniaK how^vpr^ Hio trndc for thn brniitiful la 


raannrMgniil i—iiliKiiniai iiiii 


vonfinvd, a* far m vr tuu juit^-, tu tS<^ ultraclion:* of tho 
itjipttftjii- At>x- TIl(' mvfM^t v^tnitHh piuit^il ttnih hy mut\y umlc 
LiriU during; Ihi^ fl^aAon of loTt-, ntp n^nsiritr nHmin^d hy llir 
fi'innliu, uf Hhcrli iavi rvidi'iit^ will Lt^Kiifler bt* i;itTiTi, It 
rt'iitRlo iiiritn hnil ihv^u invnim^Af nt njjpnvinilii^ Uit" lieuuii- 
ful L'oliiini, lh(t aniaiiK'titt, ^ind twcvk of ihmr miilcr purl- 
Xii-tf, a)l 1h« labour aikj un:fioty <*vhitjit€d bv titi- lolltrr iit 
iJittjilnyiTJ)^ riii-ir (Jiiiriiif* l)vrorv (In- fvfiiH]i^ wnulrl Tiave \tvvn 
iJiuiwTi jiwny; nntl tliia it it iriipo*yiibli* to admit. Whv tor- 
tdiii bright odIuui'* elicnild *.*\c-itf plfOJ^ure <aiiQDt, f pfC* 
Humc, be t<K[il)kiiiiHl. Hii| iJKti'f lljaii hIjv rrrtarii llavourn aD^ 
pccnto arc iLjrroonbk'; but habit Jitid luiat^thm^' li> du witU 
tlic refiuU. for that which is ot timt unpluai^Anl to our Knjieti, 
ulUmHtvly boeoiriM pleawni. And habiU niv inhmtt^d Wltfi 
rt-npi^ct to iimindi:, HclinliolU has <.':c|j|jiLni*d to a tcrlftiu 
txti^ikl (in |»1n>K»lfi;2i''>il i>rinci]iUv, why linnncmit^ otiJ err* 
t«hi rndvin:'*'* ar* a^fiv^aVl*. But b««id«fi tbin, nnundt^ frc- 
Hui-iith- ri'turniLj; jkt irrL-^uliir iixtiTvaU aro bi^^hly diaagroe- 
libit', iiA rvi^ry oiu' vill iidmit vhi> bat^ lisslcnrd nt nijcht to 
the invgiiliir Itaipjiiiku; of u rop<> on bonrti «bip. The amo 
pntiELptL- at^eiiii? lo ruiiLi:* into play with lipiou. ha the eye 
prrftn* *yinTHi'Lry iir fipuri'-t mnin? rcf/iilur rfiiirmii'i'. 
Ps1i4'nif of llm kind nr« ^mployod by fivrni tbc l<nr««t i^nv- 
&^s fi? uriiamcnta; and they liave L>0(>u devolupL'd through 
M^tunl selcL'ttuii fir Ihir mluniini-Tit of tiomt> iimir ninniiiU- 
WliflliiTr we can or not ffivi* nny rirnMii for the- plonniiiv thus 
^(rm-d from Ti»i<m and hearing, yet man and :»any ul tlio 
litwiT anJn^sU aiv alikt* jdt^aAcd by the vamo culourt, frtnce* 
fill EihudiriK tLnd funiLF* iinil tbf* mmc nouDdu. 

Tlie tn^rr for llic biMtutifiil, nl Ico^t ujs far ua ftuiule 
Inaiify U ronfvmpd, in not of h *j>x'ial naTid-v in llu- Lnman 
nnnd: for it OilTcr^i widely m Uiv diffcffnt nuvA of niaji. 
UEid jf not 'juilu tbi^ uriic vvc*ii in ibr ddr>'n>iiC nnfitni)^ of 
iUf «imc» mrp- Jiid^in^ from tho hMecna ornamr-nl*, and 
tbo ef|ualty hidtyme tn\i»ic admirt<d by mo^l !tJL\Ui^.-A> it mi^bt 
be ur^i-d Ihiit llii-ir H'Hlhi-tir fAfidty un» not ■»■ highly ili** 
volfifN^d V- in cvrfnin nnimnla. for [n^lanL'f* a« in bJnia. Ub- 
vinioly no an>niiil would bo L'vptibit: of admiring andx ni^cuea 
38 tbe biitvi-rrFi a1 iiif;*ht. a tM^juitifo] IaeifIu'iiih^, or rcfhT'd 
inu«ii?i but *iicb high tnnt^s an? ncquirpd tbroof^h cultiir*-, 
flcd depend rni coiopkx a>»xj<:iutLon_"^ thi-'y uiv not enjuved 
ty barbanAiif< or by iiriedti^'ati-d [H*r!ii>]i.v 

Miiiy of Uie fiLinllkv, wbi<li hav** brm of Jiif^lininblp 
■ervicc to man Ttr bm prt>^]vs.*jtt^ advntici^uK'nr. Kutb aa 
the powers of the imagination, vonder, curioaily, ftu undc* 


[Ckm. 11 l 



of p\rif(-iTH*nt flir riuvu'liy. luiM UnnUy luil lo Ii-b'I tt) la* 
jiric'ii'iLLt chnn^^rv of maiamf und fn^ion'^ L hur*^ nlliiJcii to 
ihl?^ |j<ijiit. brcaiiffi' A it^viit Hiit>^r^* hat mjdljr lUed oa 
Capri4:4< " UH *^nv *A tilt iiioit reinurkilile and typical differ* 
«'ri(c-> Wtwi^x^rt j^kiQ^K and |jruu».~' Bill not ouly i-mi n^ir 
jjuttinllj Lmdor^tand hcru it U lliAt lUAn 1^ frvn vnrii>ti» <-i>n- 
fklin^ iutiuenc^e rendered caiirioioui. but ttiat the 3ott^r 
AiiinidlA Jin*, a:s ^c «htill lirreafUr sici?, likc^witfc cupricii^ud iu 
Ijkfir jifTii'lioiiK avrmiiFiM, Aiid wntv nf ln-nuty. Thnv w 
filei> r«ASon to tiupecl that ihisy love aovell^, for its owti 

Briff/ in fforf — fifU^ion, — Th^r^ ie no eviifenr* that niAn 
vtn^b al>irigiiidUj riiduwod vhitti iJii' tnuofrliii^ Lrliff tu fiw 
i-tiKErrv'E' 4if un (hrmipiiEi'nf fiod. tin tho cvtrilrnrv (hen! 
in iiirk]ili^ ovidcrLr^^ ilrriwd not trrnw ItatlY iruvHloTAi but 
fruiu mi'ii iiliu liavf louji ruudL-U will srt^Htrt's Uiat tuiURT- 
unit rMV liuTi* exiHiL-d, and hIiII t\i*li who Iiht* no iJt'u of 
onr iir mor? x^dti, and wlio have nci wonli: in tMr fati^rtias^ 
tcr ex)in«« budi ail id<A/' The <)uratii>ii ib <>f txiunfe wlioUy 
diiEiilc-l fr^im IImI hi^'hL*r oiw», wbvtlK-r ititiv c'xinU a l*rL*utof 
ni>d Kulcr of ihf universe; and this hw U'on dn^wcri'tl in 
the nlTinrkahve liy tome of Ihe highi<M inWll«L'iA that have 
i'v»-r f.vut^d- 

If, hrmr-^cr, wo include imdci the teitD "rfligirm" the 
hcli^f in tiua<u<n 4ir «piilluHl ag^tiden. the qu» ^ whollt dif- 
fi.-tvnt; for Hue U^lirf Vfiiirt f^ he univi'T^il with Ihi; leni 
viviliatd rart-^. Kor is \i dilTioull Iu iijiupn^huikd Lo^v il 
airc«e. Aa miuh fi4 the lEh{i'>rtant faoidtii^s of tho ima^in;^- 
tiiMi, iT'ieiiIlt. aitd ^'Hrioiiity. l-a^fctlwr with aomc pciirt^r of 
iraumiiijft \iw\ U<lx'Oio fwrliRlly d<^irrh]|H'd, ittnn w<>ilM natii- 
mllr craTf- to undrrvtand irbat vft» |iewtnji; Around hini, 
and v'luTd fiuvi* V[i;;i]i'ly rfn'tnliifrd on tiif i^wn ^^h^Ioik-o, 
A* Mr. M'l^'ntiJin '* hwsc n-rmirk^f], " Soirir rifihnnlinn of 
thp |»h>^nriiT>i>nB of lifo. a nun tuxttti ti^xnn Utr hiEiiifi^lf< find 
tfkJLi^i;!' fniiii llit> univeraahly tt \U Hit- mim^vIi-'bI liypollie.iiH, 
luid llii- first iif iK^fiir tci rnrn, WH*iiim Ui liav^- bi^'n thnt tinlu*' 
ml |ih<titi]inona nrt iMTitinhk to tli^ proecnca ift nnimnLti, 

» • Tl» Spwaeor; luc «h, lt«, ft 

I>b1<><-1 111 thf^ K«« r W. rtrrvf. hi 

lit J - ' : 1 , 

and «>^^ 1M?», iiL S44: ftad «f#>JA|lj 

nf*". -TO. 

■> -J at Animiit* ncd 


THK DttsC'KST vV Ma:J, 

pbintii, \u»l lliin;^ unil in Uiv forcnM nf nature, nf nfkch 
fiuritx prgtttT>iin^ u» adion an men apc conacioTiH thty 11i*in- 
lelvVB puwtse/* l( it nlsu prvU[*lt'. ua Mr, Tvlur han ahcwii, 
rthil Jr^aru* ihu> liavo (irnl jfiveii ri»t' t<> Uii* Ui>tio(i of >i|iiriUt; 
for nviLjfc* ilu not rnudily ilintin^^uiiih trlworn faibjoctiTO 
und Dijjectntr iiiipK-s^iunK When u hivu^:!' ihvmuH, Lliu 
d^un?^ wMth upjif'tkr Ejefun? htm uro Ix-lit-tci] to hnwt <:tinti> 
from n diKinin^-, nml to stdiui owr him; or 'Mlic ^ul of 
t\w Orr*mrr gui-* <nil on it* tniydK, aiki (■"mc* hnriii- wllh 
u renieinbrantv <>r wUaI il has neeii " ^* Bui uiilil Iho fju^nl- 
tiCE' of imu^'inalioTi. <-i)rJr>ecity. ruiBrrn« &c., had been fairly 

V'pII alrvi'likjirti in ihv tiiimi of innri. Ilia (Ircninn v^oiilil riirt 

Lave M him to believe in spiriU, ttnj moro than in lh« tuiie 

uf H dop. 

lUii* li^iiilrtii}' in MiiVN|^(v In iimi)riii<> that natnnl objWifi 
nnd oj^civi'if'v oiv nmmntcii by eiJinlual or livinfc i*Mcnoi>«, 
id I^rliajre illuF<trat(.-(1 hv u liitic tmA wliiili 1 onct- rtoticLil; 
inj tlo^. a fiill'^'nurn »n(l wtj wntibh* nnimEil, *"»; )yin^ 
on thp htvp-n ijunnj; ti hnl and etill day: but at i little d^e^ 
tan<T a ftliulil hreeip ULXTiHiuTially ciiuv^d an iif^n |»«rjnk»l. 
tt^hk'li irouiil bu^^< l^uGo wholly diifcr<*;[ttnlL\] hy tli« dog. hud 
ony OIK* i4ood near it. A« it vss, every tiiiKr tlint the jtnn- 
W -liffhlly inttviHl. the iKi^f i^romlud liecL'ely aiid ImrWI. 
Hi- mn^t. 1 think, havt> ronEoiu<d to hiniMf in a rsipid inJ 
urn'onaL-iouw iii^iirK-r, timt moTenirrt with^mt any D|>i«irrnt 
rftiEKc irdii'iirtd Iht- [i[T*H»'nLV i.^f T^iirie t^lranirf llijn^ agfnt. 
nnd thnt no <lninKf*T Imd a n^rhl to \h^ otk hiit !e»nt'^ry. 

Tin* Irlief in tfriritnal Mfrotivti vniild rui<ih' |iu«t itili> 
th(^ Udirf in tin- etittrnoM of one or mnrp gikda. For iuiTn>:i'ii 
^^'nuld nntnraJly attritmlL' to A|)irrl^ th« f^ine paHionf, the 
*ame Iov<» of rc^ni^-ance <iT wmpl<*t forri »f jn*li<v, and tht 
Biimi» affwiiorfl which they lheireplv«> fnA. Thr Fm-^ian* 
appear to t>r in thhi rt^ped iD an iQt^rni«diotc ronditinn. 

lad |hHiiwliifn4iiiB.»1^»Jr>«*. tiiiL rpth 

riv*iL n^rii lonic faliail or oibfr oV- 

<ihji.rt t* lliun hhfuniEli t^lk^***! rtlll 

rAr^<t uiil JuJv'*t*i:<^"li««i«iijthinf 
« It inh IbtUl'Hft* pdfrOf « IHOVrHlMt It 



iV. lit 



^lutfklin^ •■ upL-dui^nsT York MiiivUT ik-i^taivtL m 
it fnlenin niAoncrt ** Oh, Mr. Bynoc, mxtch rnin, irmch 
V, bl'iw miirh: "snfl thin uaacvHWiulj n pi^iriJinti**- mm- 
iitlinic-iil for wAfttii^^' liuiuan ri>':Kl. So upun ho rt:lLili>iJ nuw, 

nittoh rfiin »ni\ hiv\v ft*]!. YH ur rniili) lu'vir iliMHin-r tliat 
tlit^ rut^imiri bvtievitl in nhai no ehoukl call a <>vil, or 
|.ir»r:tin<i] any trlixn'iiA titi.'?!; and .K-miity Butluii, iiitit ju^ti- 
flat>l? priiff*, Hloiiily iiijiitiliijn;'<] ihcil itu-ri* uitu iin Jt-til in 
luuJ- ThiJ^ iatti<r aM^rtion is the irktjTv n>niarknl>lo, aft 
itii Hi\]ip-» UiF belief in Imd jipiriU m far mure tuuiiuuu 
tn tfuit in ^twd unoft. 

TIjc ft^liii^ of rcli^'ious (l<-vi>lioa !« n bi|>hljr complex 
% (ijiLififliiig uf luii% coiiijiWU- TtiibiiilH^iiJti to un hkuIUiK 
irl mjit<'riou* iti]iiTnur, ii i^lroii^^ ^tiiKt of dvpi-rKWint,^' 
r«r, rcvrivncc, grnliludj', liojjn for tbf fiiliiri', nrnl |)crluipa 
atlier eli-riirnlH. No Uin^ rxiuU! ^'^jiiTii.-nn? h[i ronndi-x jid 
lolitju uutil ikIvuhlviI in lii^ L»1olU*c1ual Lind iivitl]! fauul- 
rn t*^ at Kiwt >i ininl.-mtolj- hi/Jt hti'l. N'rvcrtlirii^-. wc 
Hpf »^rirp (lirilnnt njtpnnnrli tt IhU ^Intf (if iniTu] in Ihr (U<f'|i 
i\v of a <lu^ for hid ifiUfUr. a^^iX'iaUHl t^ith oonitilotv eub- 
iMUon. sonir ft^tr. and porlinim olhcT f«-lhijp(, Tbc Iw- 
^imir of a dng vhrn rttiirtiihg to \i\k mnf^i^ Aftrr nn all- 
ien, ere), ori [ tiinT add, of a monkey ti> hie bi>}vvi<d kt*L*i>or, 
W(d*?lv d]ffrf>![it from thaL lowardf* lln-ir fclliw^, hi thf* 
latUT t'lisc thff inmsporu of jr>y nf|wnr to \w umn^^Uai lew, 
and thc**-nwof or^nftlity j^ in t^virj nctioiiH Pfufoemir 
Draubid) pftn-n vr fnr »» to muLntnin l^iil a du^ IoijKh on hU 
nuBtL-r Oil on u j^m)/* 

The wimtr hi^rh irK'ntal facitllitra whicli i!r»t !«] man lo 
fVw\^ in unft-rn »ptrittiat n^-ridi<4. tlini in fi"ti>btKin, |N)ly- 
>ifiitt, and tUtmiaU-ly in rannothri^m. voulH infnUiblr lead 
rim, dK lonj; A* hif TX^ft^oniriLr [JoAers n.'rnaim^i) |>i»o['lv d^"- 
lopwlp id vnrioiH 4tr«h|^e HUiK'ntitiotut aiul f'i]Kl>>m#- ^laii^ 
tneep uro lemblc to think r»f» fii*"!-! ai^ the wurifico of 
m bi-in>r" lo a bloa<l-loviTi^ ^^, tlti' trial of iniLOL^ent 
inn by thp f>rdm1 ni |>oivrin (ir firtt wiliJicruft. Ac-. — 
il JM well oc^*<]OTiflltr t*> rollot't on lhf«" »«i)rr*tili">tw, 
Ulcjr siicv ti» wiijii nn [nfliLid- drlit of ^'mlilitdi' we ovtt to 

AprA, iv:vi, u urn 

^ n r 1 

I 'Mj, ■ Jaur' 
•li.l Ula r««l 



Past I 

iV* iiii|irov(?nient i>f nur reaiwu, to fcienra, and to our ai^- 
tuniuku-jj knuwUnlge. M Sir J. Lubbook " has veil ob- 
»<TVciJ, " it L» not too mudi to My tiiiit Lli<: Iiorrililc dntiid 
riF jinkni^u'H k>vil liimgs lik^ a rhirk 4-litm1 thvrr »jkiH)£<> Vitc^ 
uDii euidilti^rt every pl^^aaon^/* These niieenkUo and ldJi- 
rrt't f^niBc<|ii<riKcfl at our highest fai:iiltit>a iiiay be cuiiip^tK-U 
will) lh(« iiirit^'nt^il and nccB^imiu] niJiLtulivx of th»> inntinct^ 
(if th«* lower aajiuaU. 



LOWER AXiUAlfl — etfntinite4i. 

triii^in 'tf ttpEBUM^— S^ruififlfr DMVfvn tfiftpwil Inaitm^u Mtn ■ ^kM 
uiliiuil—Ttjv- Ilium ciH]iir<iijratA:lii1 iriaducUcniv^LiDT uilj«r Iff* (wnbA^nt iu- 

Tinan> viLUlFBtl «t t lour bUmtd or dfivdaptufiut-TlJe IniitorunLM^ ijf tlie 
Ja^ownt df ttid mdmbcr* of tbc ^naic ODiiiiiiumlj au wodui^l— TruiiLiiii«»- 

1 FTiLV BuWribo to tho jnclgmcnt of thos« vriUrs ' 
whn mm'ritniri fUat of all lh« dtlTvrviiiv-i k-LwM<n ni^iii ami 
thi* Jowfr jtniiiinUT th« momi ix^jxtc nr coiuck'Ui^i^ it IfV far 
ihi' mast iiLi|H.<rUiit. TliU eenu-, as^ Mnckm(oeh ' remark*. 
"hill u ri^blfiil Bu prt'iuaty over etery olfier priiJi'ipli* of 
liuninn nclion; '* it io fiiimm<'d up in thnt iilmrt but iinficrioiin 
ntynl titiifhi^ M) full (if lil^*h ^k^lJit]LlIllOL'. It in Hie iii'ni Jioblp 
i.r ^dl tlki< nllri1>at«<M of tnan, lending liiin irilhoul & momeDt'ii 
ht^^iiutiwi (o riak hie liff for Ihat of a fellow-crrtlurc; or 
flftcr du* (Jrliheraltor^ imp^lW *im|ily hy Ibi- drep fwUng 
of npht or duty, to sncrifloo it iw som'^ irroat cauw?, Im- 
manud Knrl rxcluitri!*. "Duty! Wondiuun thouifhtr tli«l 
workrtl nc>k11ier by fond inninnnlionT fla1t(>T}% nor by anv 
llizrat* but nicroly hy holdinf^ \t\i thy naked Law in the »oul. 
utid Till eKdiriiok; fur Oiy?<t-1f aluayv revereiict*. if nut ulwavn 
otKtdic-ncc; (wfrrv whom ill upjic-tiivu ara dumb, however 
MCTctly they rebel; whrnc? thy ori^nal?'"* 

»'pTi|iiM«^r Tiuiw.' Mill oilll, Ih- 
&?1. In diLft iT^rk 1 1<- ATI ' ifn-T* will 
b*? fr^unil all i>iiv11ni( ahoudI -if Ibb 

»fii^ Rtt iMUnte, on Uii uildeH, 

■* llttwh^lH i>r HtUiWUviaMf-1 

,v. }\\ 



(-un.Huiimmk uUititv; aiiO mv ikvEr (-x<'Uh; tot txiiichiug i^u 
it, if' thi^ impuuitjillly of ht-rc j'ntaiinfi il ovi^r; und b^cnilA^, 
aa far aa I kni^ff. mi <jRr Iijij* ajufcr^iclK^ci il i.MidiJ*iv>.-ly frum 

the fliitly i~»r t^u- Ion<T itniiiiHh iJirowe li|;Lt uu t>ue of the 
^^BglitT»; J•^v^bK^I facutliw <if iiiJiir 

^^FTlu' folloviui* pro^Khihuix M'eiiiv 1» mo in a hiffh dofrrou 
^Hcbatrli? — nnmcly, thtti nny aniind wluitcver. ^ndo^od ivith 

8M uell, nr nwrly ^n wi>lf di^veloppil, as m innn For. f^r^ftif, 
the &<fi:]iil iDoUiitlfi Utid an uniriul lo luk^r plttisurL' in tlic> 
)HH:it-ly of itc* fi-'lloH'A. U) fivl n tmtnin nirmuiil. i>r tyrnpntJiy 
with thrm, and Xa ppfforin vnHmit si>rvic»'i for lh4?in. The 
0prviocB may U) o! u dHijiit^i Jiuil evidoutly iDdlintiive na- 
Idk; iir Iht^rv iimy lie fHiU a whTi mti) nnMlimwi. nK with 
movt ni t)]« highi>r nw-ittJ nniniMlft, to aid t>i«ir fFlLovi's IQ 
certain jfcncral wnv?. Itiit tli^e fccUi^ and aumcea «iv lij 
nu uiciiuH riti't^tli.'O To nil IIh- itiiliviiiuulK cif thi* uiiiii^ fl|HK'[n, 
only Id tiji>iii- ciF the *lttno auocwitii>Ti, Stct^aJlif^ ju iii^>ii aa 
Ihv itifiit^l fflcultk^fl iiiki] bfc<:imi* liii^lily dcvi'lof<ri3, ljiui^€» 
of all fiHKl iii-fLiiiH And Eiiiitixex woiilil Ih* iiiiM-^i^irll}' |iukmii^ 
tliTou;;li llir fimin of <;^ich inilcv^duAt: find tlmt fcdiiii{ of 
flis8dl ill fill tiijn. or c<vcn iiJ^ry, wlileh invariably rt^tilu. 110 

< Jit. Hmn r4w ■ liM T UnitU mtiA 

j|4ni (iviMKiiL- iMft fs us^nt) a 

tBCOlJ-Ml Bfliaib fOtbv** wlia fuifl 
vriHcn on lU» Hit>)«eU *ii4 vhoH 

tbn^ Vi' n^D'^ Lr*n iiwii', uail tlxiv 

Mi>. Sip J. LuhlA^lt. KiA (itbriK wifbi 

MUUfl TTi P ifi'rii -rUtrf* KJnfiW 

In bn pflia^inlxl BCirti, 'LIlillUTUEi- 
MMltttff»tM 4 ~|- "*i •fhll- 

•ifhL'^ villi B- 1vi» "f 

Anln Tib im. "* Li4i> U* 'jUief v 

llitfmonl IWvllj.if pc^apirt of i>iir 

ttlifl, lie ftUi irinwt^ "-jf, ■< III lll> 

ivD hflkr', i>io f>ir»rul ffvl liii>i VB (ii^ 
i^mnLC IrUl llt.>J(lih>i. CiJt^ Uf< llOL Vbt 

hi*itiitH-ii] ' .I.TTpr II 

hJl fKUli M trf . '■ ■.Th **^ll II 

'■■*Tlii£b trt tii>^u^.L.L^ uT in^itfe ]ii 

for |n«lararv, ^Th> F.niui^rui* miiil \ht 
Will; laWk ^ 4tl I *nJ Plhip" t*iu** 
th«£ thu miiFfel vlw' L» 4i«i|n'iFv<| |^ 
Kwb ilHll'Idual il«rlr>f lu- 1 f-iliiv, 
Ob Ut* ifittcrsl Vhori' -^^ ^s.^IijIIihTi 
I'^it 4« It IrBl iiktfiutLi£> inifc-hiiMi', 
TLc irrii-TVritf vf ktl L'iim>rLt(i>l in*i(iKl 




PiAT 1. 

lAi- jhaU bc^ri'Ufter ^^, from iiii;^ un^aUafied in^nnct, wdqIi) 
jiriM-. jin uftrn av h va^ }.ii-n:i-ivttj Uiat rhi: rinJunng and 
alnajfl prt«4>rtl wx-inl ini^liiirt hmi yN-l<k-cl to tuitiiL- other in* 
Btinct, at tUrr tiuu: dlroiunrr, but ndthor enduring in lU nn^ 
htiy, mtr li?uviitg WhiuJ it a vi-i'/ vivid imjtreKtiuu. It i» 
d^r lliai niiinv iiiitinctin^ dotdn^v^ hucIi uw thut of hiiri^i.-r, 
are in thoir riatHhr of short dnrotion: and iiftor bi?mg antie- 
luii. Jirv nut r>-H(lil_y tir vividh n'calleil. ThirJt^, after ihtf 
|>(i^vq-r nf liui^.ijfif had Utu a(?c)uirLHl, and i\w wuIu-a of 
tin.' cumiminiij ccmU Jn- cxprtwoH, (h** I'ommnn opinion 
liuur ttHt'li MK'iritKT uu^lil ill art fur tli^ juililir ^'otxL woidd 
njiturntly bLvi>iiio in u [iiimmouiiE d^ifrt't' the ^'Uidi* lo acliou. 
Hut it ph^uld l>o 1>LinLe in ULind tfint however v^i^t^i wri)eht 
we may aTtrilut^ lo putlii.' ftpfnioii. ni:r rpgAnI for tlif* npprfv- 
batitni mid dMa|>[irut]utL»i] <>f t)ur fellows di^ptridft ou *yiO' 
^}'! ulilcli. itp; III' f<}iiil1 iM-i% rifTmi hti »»c-iif.i;]l }urt of i\u* 
^noJHl irt^linff. And iR indeed lift fniindalion-iitoni?^ LasUtft 
hokul in Uir individEiul would ijUi»tQt<;l> pkv a vL-rv im- 
IHirlfkUt (lurt ill ^Liiditij;> the iwnduct of moli nii-mU-r^ For 
iJu' ii*Hiol intUiKi, logelher witli mcpflihy. i-*, bke nny olhar 
inHtiDct, ^rvEitly ?tri.-t]|;l]i^iit^d Lv nu1>it» und ho c'unM^UL-ntly 
lAiitdd 1h' oihvlirrii'i' Ut Uk' wi«hi*» 7iiilI judf^nirnl id llir ciirn- 
inuTtit}-- ThpE^ »«T(rni1 FiibordinAU propofiiliona must now 
bf diBcuMed. and some of tli*m at o>[iBiderabU lent'tli- 

II may In- well fint to prriiiiM' tliut I di> oi>t wiwli to 
tnmnrain Ihat anj «;trid)y tooinl urininl, if ita LnUtlnHunl 
faculli^f were to becuijie &t aitive aiid as lii^ldj developwl an 
In man. uonld aoquirv ovactl^ tin- sttxnv iiiurtil %irn*v ai our«. 
In the Htxiity nuiiiDtr ni: vtini>np Bitimnh hav<* Aomc rtcnnt.^ of 
hrntitv, tlouj^h thev admire widf^l) difTrreat uliji-ett. >o tli*?y 
niitfhi hiivf fl 4enfe of ri^hl Qud ttrciu^. Ihorij^h M Ly it to 
follow widtly diffrfi'Tit. linos iif nWiirl If, for iD«tanct» 

lo tnko -jilii iiu- r^»wf, i[i**n were rtvirt'd iJiidtr preofnelf the 

nnttKt* rnnditJoTiH A» hiro-beea. lher« l-iq lijirdl;^ b^ ■ cloulit 
t^ial uur iinimmM fvmulcn vrtuld, likf* the workcr-bvc«i» 
lliink it n wti-n^l dnty to kill xhth hroth^rn^ nnd rnoth^ra 
would nthvo to kiU llieir fertile duuchten; and no one 
would think of interferin*:,* Ncv^tIIicIct*, the bee. or ony 

<Ae«iJ(BiT; Jiiii< KfiIj, ]»:i i^ Ml). 
*» np«rlG4 bBt, V4 may t«| »iinu 
muld mvlrv 1u ■ mlUliv vilinlnn of 

ft**, mfli Ihp 1ti1»iii "f iiuri^ nr Haul 
ftlBtJtibl'iMi-U^.j.ilrWr^ mlJ priH' 


iHhll (la ilmiliAt ■rlitthflf M «uliIi! m 

irAbuijaiitLnir f [>4r*mj>m in HcrtU,* 
■Thf^il-vi^'fll |{pY*w.^ .^i'fH, Ifl7il| p. 
I* ivj un t^ii Mint Ulu«itKi LOU, hBVfl. 

[hut n^mol : adiI hy Uilj^ [ prauinoi 



CuMt. IV. 



o1l>pr tocifll ftitinul, uutilil ^in bi our vup|KXte<1 i'bm*. a& it 
Mpjintrv 1o mc. «ctiT>i' fn<liri^ of ri^til or wmit^, »r d I'cxioi 
«C3Cficc> For r4flk indiviJiutl wouEd Lo^rf «d iuward icnse- 
ot ww mu iiig tvrUtiii Alrtm^er or uion.- L-iiduriii;; tnAtijicTs, 
una otbort lr4« aronff o^ unduriu^; iki timt th^n* «otil4 
often \f n slrug^lc 00 lo whiHi impuko should bo followed; 
Httd mHaiovivHi. iK?>hutiF'fiic-1icrn, or t*\vu miivery wimlil be 
Mi, m pint impmiiuit^ vn-rc i-omjHin?d duriniz ihoir tucotf- 
nnl )iaM4£<^ tiimu^h the raird. Id thi» <«w an Jnuard 
iiHJiul^ir A«*iil<l fell ifii' HTiitnal llrul il wo«i)d \i»\v (le^h l>tlli-r 
to haflft folJoved tliL* onc> mi)>tiUc rather than ih^: other The 
OD* conno oir^lit to h^T.^ Wn follovrcd, nikd the other ov^ht 
Dol: lh« oTie voiilil hnv« (hn^ii right and the other wron^: 
but to tbofti} ttfrmb 1 iliiU rvcur. 

^uiAi/iJy.— AnimalK of many kind* arc weinl. wc find 
ttM» dtntinct ffperiefl living tng^iher; for eT^mpl**. wm** 
Amcrtcao mookoTn; And unilcd tt«du of rook:^ juckdnwH, 
and ^tarlinfu. Man ^hcwt th^* Hime fectiug in hi* «iiong 
love for dn'iig, 'Ahich Ihe dog ivluma with inuireM. Evi>ry 
OBo uut have tLolicxHl hrw mTiH'mllo hfin^cr, do^-ii, rthocp, 
Ac-, >rv vhpti 9!f«iHf»iI fnim llirir (<mi|uinjoitA, ttnd v/h»{ 
fltr«fi|^ muUiHl affc'Clion 1l»> ttfo fortiior kjnd^^ at lea^l, ah<>w 
on Uidr rtunion. Jt ix i^unou* to vprruUtr or ihr irchag;* 
ot m do£, who witl n-^l fxvKTpfuilj^ for houre in a room wjlh 
hU ira»t«r or am' of ihv famiW. vilhout Uiv least Dottea 
Witig iahtn of him; hiil if left for A ahf>rl time by hirnAolf. 
Iwrkt nr hnrtU dif^iriKlly \W vilT rn^nflnp kinr att^'nlmTj ti 
the hjphor ftoctal cnLitiHl^: anfl pnu ovct in{4.-Mf., alLhoti^K 
ftrttrH' nf thrw: are (MJrml. and aid oup annlhcr in rinry im- 
Hiriant uatu- Thp ninti roininfln riuloni *^rvicv in thn 
fiigfaer animals la to warn one another of <lftii;rer hy rnv^Dd 
of ihc tmrtcd !»pn*r* oF nil. V.rrry sporiMnan tnow», ai llr. 
Ja#cpr mniiTkft,* how dit&mlt it m^ in qppmarli qTiimiilt^ In a 
h«rd or Iroofi. ^\'ild horM-)> und i^ttle du tiol, I bt'lit-vc, 
nmkt an> dnnpT-Mi^Hl; but Ihr artilndr of iiti> nnc of tlinn 
who flnct ditfcovprp i^n pn^niv, tvnrriH the olhnrii, Rabhitft 
Btaoip loudlv on the ;:roiird with tb<*ir hird-fet-t a* n Pisniil: 
dmp and Aamoia ito Ibr muk^ witli ttuir fnrrfnet^ iiLtRring 

oiaI dmf vnnlrl tedJ to Jh« Hijury ff 

ntf. Oi ■ ft nf Thn Hi*fh hiivn 

ip"»*i * : iliL r"il ■'!' L!jri>jn>- 

' ^e^ •<■ W ■* I" •«« Ibtl 

r r>r i^h'r* nlt.Utl'jtij \n 

Uif }iriuf of Ibdr mumpli WiniM tv 
*<iiioi!r<| tli« kni^ll of clip vjrtii? "( 
muniUhH '" Ic »* E#^ Snhnphki rhvt Thrt 
F<t-]Evf III UiQ i<L^r]Jt&iiGiL4?i? f'f I irMii^ l'EI 



P*»r L 

tikowU^ a whUtK Mnnj birdf, ami aom« manmala; post 
ai'nt!Ht»l«, which m (he cubo yf ti^dd are edid ■ >ci'utTully to be 
tlir fc^riinEcP, TUv lni<k-r i>f a Lmn[i \t{ immki'j.-v iirtM m tlin 
gcnlind, nn^l tittun (;rii« rxprtu^ivc bt^lli of ilntig^r nnd of 
Biietyy 8'X^rti animulf {jorfonu man'; lilUc i^<rvLC4-4 ri>r 
"rteh (ithri; liorw^ iiiliMi\ ami iiiwj* lick vnvh lUhrr. «c jiuy 
i:]W>t whiL'h iU'hi**; monk*'i* B'mvh <iicli oTht^r for nslnmaJ 
{}fitDeiti»; find Hrehin e1«1t^ iLat after a irmip of tlic <.>r- 
coffithfcim iiriaeif'virijUii hag rualieil tlirtvu^li u thorny Ijinko, 
tach mof;kcv «trctc^hcji itMlf c>n » bmnoh* mid unothcr i&on- 
key ntting l>y. " txinAcicclioufly ^* cxamineA ite fttr, and Gx- 
trarlh rvi-ry thoni «r burr. 

AttiiuuU alcxi ix-rilcr more iiQpnrtjiiil ftcrrvin'A 1o on:^ nn- 
olhci; tliu» ;vr»lve# and Kimc vx)f^v U-asU of prey tjuiil in 
pHfV*. and -lid nno anoihi.*r in aHackiDg thiMr vkr^litiiF. Pdi- 
iiirB fiflh in cf^noorl, 'J'hc llnTondryJi?* bibnoiifl lurr oivr 
uliiru* l'> lind inm'cl^, Hr.; aiii! wlii-n thoy i^iuu' i't ii Inr^i* 
fine, Lb4 mnny n^ can 9t*nd r»imd. hjrn it over lu^rtilmr uod 
c^iruv Iho boulv- ^o<:uil uhiiiiuJh umludly dcft-nd cnch other. 
Bid) bimmx in N. Amcrieii, uhr-ii thrrr it rhiii^r-r, \\n\-*f thn 
cowe nnd ca1v«fl into the middle* of the b^rd^ vrhd^ thoy d^ 
fend th« nutdide, I vhall atea in a future chH|it«r ^tc an 
ai-(*riiiiit (if tnn yminx ttild bnlU at (lirMinj^liam nUurkinjt nn 
old <*np jn concort.ond of two*iUllionB lojjflthnr trying todrivo 
uud.v a tbil'd Ftallitja fri^aj a trui>|J of inaiT.^. In AbyMima. 
Bn.'htn i'ii<Hiiiiitt-nH| a t^Tvai inioji t-f tiiibtiiiiiK wIkj uvr^' 
cToBtma a viilloy: ^omc had nlirmlr a^f^rndr*! Ibw r>)ip<*Mlo 
ta<*ui!tairi, autA mvw nvtv uIjII in ihr VkkUcj: tlu' latl'-!- Ati'ro 
rttEuc<kt-d by tho dof^t, liut ihi* old a^vlif-t EUinu'dTntdv burri^ 
down from the rock?, nnd wifii moulhft widely opinied, 
roared 4a fearfalLy. that the di>ga quJi^kly drev hnvk. They 
vftTv Aj^in oDccunij^f^d ro the- atratk; but by thia tiire all 
the hnhoonn tind roaMvndiMl tbr bri;;hlH, excepting; a youa;: 
(*nr, jilioiit T-ii niKiith* old, whr, bxidiy cHlHrg fir nid. 
diaib^d un ^ l>lork of rrtck. und wa« iturroundod- Novc r>nt> 
of iht- InTKCflt miilffl, a Tnie hero. r«n\p dovfti again frrjnj tin; 
rufiiininin. slnwly Wf*ni lo thp »yit»ng onr, r<inn*d him, »ad tri- 
umphAnliv l<'d lum a«-a>— Ih^ d'>^ b^^inp loo am-'h aHli>n- 
inhi'd fci niftkr jn nltiiclf. I cannot trflisit ziviiii* oin>t}i<*r 


Si, Tt*. F*pr an» m*« ^if lJ^<* iii'iitVi^rK 

Tih T4> <fi th« nriJuK« af .\l'»ru, 
■hns* i-iht<iniil<innt lln^lun iMrfc* 





•ccDc which «ee vitncncd Irr ihw famo AAtuntlist; on onfilo 
^hvt] a yriuHK ('vfnopillictUB, wliich, l»y diii^iiijf tc* a braiKli, 
nK al nncP rarrtt*! off; il vriM \out\\y Ltr asiialHiite, 
upon whkh lh« oihcr mcmbrre of Ihr troop, wilh mutJi 
iipmar. ruihi^ lo the ifM-ur. turtuuiiiJMl thu en^it-, find 
'n]M out Ki many f«thPnt, Ihut h* nt* lonsur lhoui;tit of 
ift |]K'J. bul only how lo cfcnpc^ Tlu* cnjclt, na Brchm 
•irmrkK. UMAireilljr vuuld never s^in atlack a single mon- 
ey of A Iroop.** 

It » ccrtiiiD thiit «Mocintc(l onitnnlK hnvc a fncliitf of 

V4* for euch olhi*r. ulifrli ih not. fi-ll hy Tinn<»nHHl adult 

liiindU. UtJU' far iQ iiiosl c^lh Lhoy flvnirilly r^mrnUiJUO 

in The poiTi* ami iiIcamucji of ofhi-^ni, it inorc douMfLii, i'fl[»!'- 

nfllly with rf«jrtfl tn |)lnafciin»* Mr. HiitTni), howrttT, whn 

~ till i'3:4H-]|L<rit [ni'OTin nf oWrvAliOD,^' M«1>.« Ihjit hir^ innonws, 

liirh llvwl fni' in Nnrfolk, tm^k "an i-xIrnvH^isnt inhr- 

t '' in a |jiiir wiih n upbi; *m] whvnrvrr thr fi'in*lr lc>ft 

I, eiit wad *urrouiidod Liy a lro*)p "ecrcominK hornMc nr- 

Limjilion* in ln-r hoiicigr/' Il u* tiflru diflkull lo judf^ 

licflbcr auimnU \mvo mr feeling fnr tho EufTtTinga of 'Hh^^ni 

f their kind. Who can aajr what oowf feci, wht^n tlM-y stir^ 

ruuil uiEfl ttUrv intriUlv mi a J^in^ or tlitirl eomijiiiui^ii; 

ppJkrc-Titlr. liowoi'tT. a« Hoiuoau rvnmrktf ihoy f«'cl no 

ty, Tliat animnle wneliirc* arc far from fcclinc any 

yriiji^llii B Uhireiidin; for IUe_^ will v\\n'\ & wuniitli-rl ani- 

ma] ffnm fho hcrfK or pnro or irurn' il lo dmth. Thin ia 

n|mo«! thf t|[arko»l fflcl ifi natural iii*t'»ry, unlc**, iudffd, 

tliP piplansliori vfiit'h hn>4 Vwvn su^^e^lt^l i« imc, Itiit their 

ft!mt:t or reap>^ii Icudfl Uit^u to cxprl on injured comiwiii' 

n, hr\ Liii^l^ of prrj. inrlndlnj: man* afiuuld Im* tcioptiid 

folW the Ttwjp. In ihis ease lhi>ir (induct le dM imich 

ore^ Ihan that of the North Ami^nc^n Indiana, wlio Iravu 

IiPir fi^rMp comrwl™ in prriidi nn thr plainf^- or lln^ l-'ijinnn, 

p-ho. wh(ii thj'ir jiarpnis p**t old, or fall ill, tm\ them 


Many nmmal*, howpv<T, cvrtarnly «ym|inlhijv vitli i**cli 
Mh<-r'i: djutrott ftr danfffr. Thj? if tho oat* even «'ilh birds, 
i'aplnin Stan«biir/ ** found on a mU Inkc in rt^li an f>ld 

}kr7^AifTr«) In WururuL. v1iii-h 

iiiiTm in 11< itft^t-, «ii<t ail* 'fnuTnl 

tiiiti tn ini^K- |»iTrltnl r[iv« l>y 1|. 

■ikI Mr Bell 'itEiai-*. fKiin *hjii hv 
hu *Ma of Xii* k&hiu of thtju uda- 

titfutv'TT* V 11*. 
" - Ahul* of Mw Af Nil JUhL,' 

'»si» J. l.iibMafc. ' pTf liioron'o 




hAve bc^n wt>ll fix) for a lonj^ tiiuo by liifi companicnp, Mr. 
IMyth, OS In? inrornin mc» 4nw Indian cn>Wrt fcc*lin(i Iwo 
i>r thni* nf iTicir L-(kin|m[kiiiri)i uhfrJi v^n- blirjH, Aiict I ^wivn 
heartl of an anflto^oAi^ ta^o viih ih? d'^moetic rntk, W* 
rnajp", if w* rWiw, cull thcfl*; hctioiid iciBlindive; bul bucIi 
rasn lire lumh ^*i> mn* for Ih*- ilrvrloptui-nL of uny sjK'i'iiil 
jujilmfl-" I Ua\f mj'&plf ution a dofi. who n^xr t^ntspd a 
cat w}]o }a) ^ck iu a iHt^kt'l. au>] uBt a );redt friirn^ uf liif«, 
wilhoiil K'^'"fK '"'f I' f'*w \h'kit with Urn fongM^, ihi- fturest 
ugn of kind fn'flinf: in a *i*>g- 

It must be called bjriii|raiby ilial lead* a coimg:coua do^ 
to % at any one who atHkM liia maafer, as he certainly 
X Mw a pvriton prctc-iviiitf; io heat a bdy, tth*> hml 
timid liltl*]- doe on tui lap. and iLf Irial had never 
jp^n majji? befor*; tht hill*' croaUir*- in»Tfln11y jiimp^'d 
uway, fml iift<^r Ihc |.ird(?(KU'd kmlmj: «^ ovtr, it wjifl 
raillv pjithrti*- (■> ftrp how pi-nn'Trnii>:!Y br Iriiil tr) Mck !ii* 
mifttrvu'ii fur**, ftTitl cnnjforl h<?r. Ttr^lim " «lBl*>i tlial wh<^n 
a liubooii in ti»nliin?mt'nt was pitmucd lo ho punmhod, l)n* 
ulht-r* Iritii Ui prcilt'tl. him. II, rnuKl. havr U*rM *ympnthy 
in the <«i?ee alx'T* giren wliic^ led Ihe btibtx'n? and C'er- 
opitlim t<i ikfcitd their >Tiun£ comrndt^n frQin Lhc^ du^ 
and tht* vJi^li\ 1 nill give only aruy oihfT inidsncr' at Kym- 
fiatlicUo and heroic ronduct, m Uio r^o^* of a litlk AoK-ri- 
ritE) itKirikry. Scvml y^mr* a;r<' n )(('i'l>cr at Ihr I^ulitf-ical 
^Jurdriiii Ehnn^xl mc nomr do^p find *cflrrfly hrnlt-d woutuh 
fyf\ Ihc iifljrf- t'f hifl ortti in'tk, iiilljcttil on him. whilfll knfrl- 
iii^ oil Ihr llni^r. Iiv 'I (lint' fudKiim. Tin' tilth- Ariii^riibU 
monkey, wh^* whs a wnrnj fripnd of Thit kfopor. lived in llu* 
i&niv Idr^c toiitpaj'luicul. and n&t dreAdfiill^ afreid of th(^ 
grcul Tflilmun. Vcvrrth^-U'Ri^ ast ^ixici lui he niiri Iiih frleud 
in poril, he niched to the ivmuc* Rnd hy Kcr<^mi( and bilo* 
ao diAtract^^ Ibe baboon that I1ic man wo» able t'^ nvapt*, 
after. aK ihe Mirf^mi tbont^ht. ninnln); j^n'nt mk of hlh tif^. 
Btwd^ji hivfi and *yru|totby. ummab! L'\hihit other qoali- 
tiee conneclol uilh thi' boctal iuelmctf* nhich in u* would 
nii>r^l; and I aj^ee with Aj^nlz " that dnga [m«K 
icthinff very like u conwicucc. 

■ PiB AiiioH«an il«*»»r,' tMA, |» ATI 
ft wry jrrmnjf t«1lnfi.airr(f«l A*r«> sy 

u At Ur Ruin «UtH.*-anut>wiid 

'/J ft «nir«rTf ii[Tiiii;i< (Voph arfiii'iiiby 

KiM^r ; " ^ Vvnlft] an-l Muni l*ci«nta,' 

"' Till til* WiIh" U i. * t/v 

F. IT, 



Dogft powHtt »mo pu^v^r of M>ir-c^nmmHOfl, «ml ihi* rlcx?* 
not (ippr»r to bi* wholly the rMuli of f(iHr. A* Br?iuWlj ^' 
ivmarkeH tlirj uifl rcfrftjn from ^tr«lin^ fouii in llir ubBL-iiL-e 
of their inflsier. 17:ey haw lonp l>a^n Hrci>pt«d u ihi! vwy 
ty^it of hdohiT uDiJ *>t»cdt^ii<*. Jtut Uic rkphunt i* hko'wiiw? 
very faithful tr hi> driver or keeper, and prohijll) LT^Ubulers 
him 318 Ihp 3«*sKl«r of Iht? hen), I>r. II<>ul£tfr iuf*>rinii rne 
thai uD (kphaal, wtiteb h« ^m ndinfc iii Indin, bixninr rto 
d(vf»l> iMk^K^x) thftt liL^ n^mniiiinl riiuk rn>il iinlil tlx- rii^Yt 
dny, u'hpr; hr wak pitncNil-^l hy nii?n with r^ptfi. Und^r 
fiuch c-iriuui^laELi^'.' i<li.-|.itiaula viU mtihc with their truuEcn 
Hiiy 'jhJL'rt, d™d <<T aliM-, li> plm-c unilfrf th**ir Vmiw. I<* 
pTOVont th**ir imking ^Ic^i^t in the nun); aiifi ihe (inv^-r 
wAfi ^K^ilfull) afrfkid Wni ihi.- aninidl ph<>iil<l hdvc acuv] Dr< 
Houki-r nf}d cMi&ht-d Iiiid Ifi do^rli. Hut llir itrivrr httiMt-ll 
lU Ur, UcicktT nib^ niwun^d, ran no rmk, Thii< forbcaranc9^ 
imdcr an «m«rcency to dreadful for a h<«ty aaimalj ia ft 
pHondt-rfnl pnii<f uf nohto Sdfiltly.'* 

All animal* hvinjc in u hndy^ whidi defend Ihrmm^lvca 
DT altark their cnirntiep in norcc-rt, rmiat JndfH be in ani 
dt»gr(H^ raithfvl to one aiwither; sml thot*> that f'ltlow 
UskLt muji t>u id njine ilv^im^ o^n^iUcnL Wht-n iIk' Ijuboona 
in At>>>Aiiiiji ** pluTnlrr it ):nrdni, thry silrnlly follow I.luir 
l^adpri anri If nn impnid*?iit Vf^iin^ anmi^il nk>it(« n noiup, 
he rcttitVH a filup from lh<' olhtm lo IoikIi Ihui jiIiticc and 
oliiiiiinrr. \lr, fiallciii, nhir Imh hnil ncrlh-nt o|i[Hjrtnni- 
U*m Uft obwrviBj; Hit hair<uilcl <«ltk in S, Affirw, Bavs?" 
that they (winot tndnn: ctitm a inoincnturv pCT^wlijn frum 
th? hp(<rd- Thin- art? ru-rnimllj' ^bllilih, ami Hi-LT<|tt iht i^mb-^ 
mon d^^TRiinfttion, (^^^pkinff no brttc*r lot than to b^ 1«1 bj * 
any nix- nt nhu hirt rtiuwjzU »i']f-i't'tiancu iv ocx^nt Uic jmj 
tion, Th(* inirf] who timik in th^h- uniniab fnr h^nii 
iraidi aF>iidiii>n>Jy fi^r thri>^ wh's by ^ni:ung ajtari, vbcw 
jtrOf-MiAMt di^'iHipiiion, and tliv#c thry lr«in 9* fon>oiei 
Mr ''^ult'in add* Ihul Mich animaU an> rare ami vahiaMe; 
and if n^anr n^rt horn Ihry ^'^uld ixx^n ^k Himmiil^ij, da 
lioito arp alwavH un thi^ look-opl for Ibo indivitluahi vrhidi 
■waiid^ from the hurd. 

Wilh ir^pcct li> Iha imptilac which l^ds ccrUin animab 
laaswciaLe tpgetlivr^ and to aid oci<- nnothrr in mnny ways 



THK mwTKyT or «ak. 

Pim I, 

wo may Inf^r that in mosi at^i^n thin- iifv implM hy that 
ABmc ncuM f*t satiefadion or |>lofL£ur4r whicli they oipen^ 
eiiff* in jH-rfmiiiitii; ntluT u»-it[iic:livi' HL'tujua; t*r Lv Uie 

nri" tln'ckcfl \Vc» d«* thia in irinuin^^ToMc inflflnco*. and it 
ifl iliuNtnilrd in n nlriliiiiis' itin:rni-i' )'^ tUt? uci^uiit.'!] iiifltiitrlh 
of our domi'^liciitci) imlnkjih: Ihtu u y^uiiA ctK^|ili<>rd'r1ijip 
delights ID driviii;; und ruDninje mund a Hock of [ihci-p> imt 
iinl in worrying liii-ni: a ^vourig (ox-liouncl d«lt^lil« In liimf^ 
in^ ■ fot. v,Ui\f% friuv nthrr ktuda af <loj;«, a» I liav« unt* 
livfiHiii. ulUily i)i«ri.-^nJ foxe». Wlmt n Hlron^ fivliiij;: of 
inwnnl Kih>»FEiolii>n luuvl luuivl u bini, hi> full <if nrtikritv, 
to hrnocl (hiy nf!pr lUy over W ejy?*. Mipratorj' binli? are 
quilt uiisfmbli: if »l'>|>|K:d fmni imjiriUinir; ijcrtiups tlnty 
enjoy iiTartin;^ nn ifii'fr lonp fl^RlU; H"i il is li»rd f<* h^ 
]irviT thrit tfiL' |>Tinr iiiuumi'ii s«<^"-\ tU'^t-nhod bv AiuliilKm, 
ivhic'li *iUrlrd «m TmiJ ai:, iln^ pri»[M'r llmi" fof if* joiiriiiry *il 

iiTohaMy mor^ tUsn n tlinitbaiiH mil^s <riiil(1 hnvo folf utiy 
dV 111 <l^in>£ Au, Some iD^tiricU >irv Jci4.'r]ii]|if^d h>I>.'1_v Ity 
jmiiifwl fcrliiijf*, nti l*y fi^r, whirh Irjiil* to jarlf-pn^wnnliciu. 
nnd is in wmo cmu^ dii^Mod inwurvlh ^piK-inl ^ncmivt^- No 
one. 1 prcenmei can nnalyM: ihv tvuvniioRs of pleaauri; or 
piiiri. Ill many iiibtiiiueii, }iiiuL-vrr. it is pnilmMi- thjil iu- 
iJtim^l* *pc portinltntJy follo««! from Ihe more forup of 
irihcritanc-o, wilhoul the stiTituU]ft< of t-ilhrr plv^urt or \Ht'm. 
A ynung [nniitfr, i*]n»i! k firnr wvotw fK-Hrtio. apimrcutly f«t(- 
not h«]]t \yitmUnii. A nquirn*! ih n t'up? v^lio put* th** mil* 
whi'h it fiiimol rnU m if i** I'ury ihi-in in Ihc ^aourni. c^aQ 
liflrdly lie ihoii^tit ?'■» ai'i ih«B< <?ilht?r fn>Tn pIpBMin* or j«ftin. 
llt>ii<^ lh« ("omiiiuii UHU nip lion Ibal mcii rniksl be iiiiprlb^d 
to txtiry Actiiin by rxjwriencini; fonh< pl^^xiirc <jr paii niay 
1if» ^rron<*oi]i;, Alibmi^h n hnbH may l>v Mindlv and int- 
plioitly FolloTTod, iDtlc*itond(*nt]y of ttny f^b^jisiin' or |>am fHt 
nt lilt' moiiif-iiU ytrl n it fw fon^iMy nnH nl»ni]itly ritiTkrtl^ 
R ni^*U'* M'Tiiie nf disMttiLfriHi^^in 16 j^rnornjlv i^ipnenrod, 

It bn^ ofirn bc'cit aniimcd tbat Mrli^ldl^ H'cm in tbf* 
Uni pintv ri'iidi'n.'d Kiidl. aiu\ \\\t\i thry fM as li (ihim'- 
fjur-iifT TJr(^'^Tllf'lrlabU■ rtht'n apprtnitnd from carb i>tln>r, im*l 
t'omfnrljjbh whilst tiR^'Thpr; Siit it is u morr prolijihb' virw 
tbnl tbi'ii* KiTiNfctiim* vrvre firwl il<'vi*]n|M-<J, in ordrr ifial 
lluitte oiiiiuilB vbi<>b nonld profit by licinp in wcicly, flh*>id'l 
bf' inductil lo live lotEDtbcr. tn tliu t^iiR- mainxf^r nn ihi^ oriiac 
iif buni^pr Aliil llio (ilensutv of vnlinp wr<rt-. no iloiiM, ^rvt 
noqtiir^d in ord^p io indiirv nnimabi tft cut- Thr frdinz of 
plensurv from vociotjr ia pn»bii;ilf an eitcnsion at Iba |«ivd- 

CHir tV, 



IaI or flUfll alfecrioiw^ fl^ncc the »ocial inatinH ie«m« l'> bo 
dctvlop^l hy tbe voudj; reittainiu^ for b Ionic tiino vritb 
thrjr pniiU; nnH ihi* ^ilrritinn mny hf 3if,lvilnit«'[l it> pjih 
lo habil, bni cfaioCtj to natural at^Jf^^liot]. ftltit tliot* nni- 
niala hIikIj were lirnditrJ bv Uvinp in clow nrwHriaiioii, Ihc 
ibdivuiimU irliidi Ir-ot thr j^nuU^« j»fr**nrr in *ifH"iriy wiul'! 
bed («caf« vRTinue dan^ere, whiUt those that mrefl I>>]irI tf^T 
lh«ir cuinni<l«tf, and Urcd politurT. vould |>*^riB!i iu jjrtali^r 
numSfrv. With n-*!"!*!-! t<i the nri|j[in nf Uie pan-ntrtl iin'l 
fihftl offcdJoHB. which nprarcrtly lir at ;ho bnn- of th<* flju^iiil 
Jn^liiKt^ nft kuow iiol tlie stt'pa by wliii-h iIk-t have bivn 
jCiiniNl; but w«* niMV UtU'T thai (t h«* Iwun lo n hir^tt* cAii-Tit 
Uirottffh natural (flection. 80 it has utaiofit cvHainly }K^cn 
with ihe UDiuual ajiJ op]HJ*iie feeling of hatret! Viwcrii tlic 
nenn^l r«laUt>iiK, as *iih the worker- !h-iu( which kill iheir 
hrothft"-(lrf»™*s r»nd wilh tlic ^uccn-boee which kill Ihcir 
ilAii|:liti'i-<ju^eii?>. the Jt'sin- tfi ik'tiln^^ Ibinr uudn.fFil rt*l;j- 
lioiii havm;; Iili-ei In !hr« rau' of tii-rvicc? to thi* (.'omiriUTntV- 
I'nrcnln] ftffi'Hi'-n. i>r5'»iiic fixSiriX which rcplacrji il, jin^ iKi^n 
lit-Wf-loijeit iJi offiain jiiTiiiiuU ^-vtrvmcK h>w in the mule, fur 
eiamjtle, in Mar>lii(he£ luuI iL|»iior!i. II U aho oeeutionally 
prr*CDt ir ■ few mcmbi^rs hVti* in a whole group of animnU, 
at in Itie f^enufi Vrfrflc-iibi. of earwig. 

The all-imporlaiit rmotiou of ftymfrnthy i* dUtinct (rem 
that of love, A mother may pawlonatcly lore her sleeping 
and j«rtdive irfanl^ but *Uv L-mi liurdly mI mich tinii^H he t^h] 
io fvol *ymTiothy f'>r it^ The lore of u man ft«r hw dop ts 
dUtinrt from j«*rnratbyf ard n^ \t that of a iAksr foi hi*i mas- 
l*f. Aflsn^ Smjui forTih>rly argued, ae hs^ ilr. Haiii rp- 
cently, Ihal the havh of JTnjpwtliy !io* m our &lrci»i; rotoii- 
tixyrew ct foiiner ^tafes *>f pain or [ileasaro. LIcnee, '^ the 
tight of ano^h^r penon enduring hunf^er, cold, fHXignt*, tv- 
r\vt^ in Ofi som^ rccollertion of th**«'C «tatM, whith *ir(^ ^lain- 
fal etPii in jdcii," Wr arp thus impelleil tn n^lirvc tht* *nf- 
ferirfft of another, tn ordt^r rhal our owii pfonfat feelingi^ 
nuy be M Uii' Mmc tim^ r^IicAW. In liki- mnrinL'r im- nre 
h^l In parltripate in MiP filpAi^iirf^ of othrrv?' fltil T mnnot 
frw how thU li^w «5plain« the fact that flvrnpathy i« «x- 

SUiLtiti'aiib.' A!*™ Mr RfinV 'Men 
lid n-l Hmti ^1i?iufk' IMa pu 9M. 
vd K& in. Mt- Bun MiAa. Ihiit 

i ' iiitirtwT ," utA he 

II- TwiVfir Tbti' TPi« pvtvm tvn<lA- 

I'd, n* ntlirn in hi* uTrm^, mtr niiLir 

ll| . i'V *Vri»Ji*lJ];t ilEld L'f-'»l 'lllu-^" FL" 

inmsU, ^uf *Il t^ia mcrriftno." Bui iT 
H iiiiicftrt 10 tip tlrr PRK. Fymrnth.T In 

«4ri[-fW HD iiiilLrj''t, it* fflt-^TViK would 
giv- r^lriv-T filca-ii™, in Ih" KitnLA miin' 

lll'l l■•^.llC«l.t'1L«L■l^1, llTk Itl'fn'fV fT£lJbkeiJ| 




cited, in nn iminoiiiiirnblv ttroiu^er doj^rce, by ■ beloved, 
than Sy nn inHtffrrmt piT^rjti- TKr mere fifhl of aiiiTermg. 
indp|>eiiii<'nily ;if l(.<ve, wmilil MifFln* lo vaM up in itK TiTid 
T«ooJliK-tion& aad a^«i>e]atioTi^. Thv oir>luiiaiioii may lie in 
the Uwi Unit, with Jill ammolf, i?-m|mlliv i* ^in^rt^d 9o\v]y 
liivnrdK thr nifrnVh-ft ^ff Ihr luinii* I'nmtniinitv, srd therefor* 
towards koowr, and mozv or lecd beloved members, but uoi 
In 4iU th* iitfliv)du4l)i of the «amc? :ipc(Hn, Thi* fnH ip niH 
mon- ct]q>ri»n^ Ih»i tliut Ihf' U'ura of tiuiriv nnimnls ahoiiJd 
be directed a^Ainrit special enemiee- SpeciOH wbtdi arv not 
^i^cibI. eucli nh liuDh aud tigcra, ii^ iluubl feel Etpiifinihy for 
ibu ■ulTiiin^ of their owu joun^» but not for thnt -if nny 
olhcr nnimnl. With mnnkind, &i.*llt*iiiitft^, eiperiunce. ant! 
itutlaliuii. probubly adJ. dM Mr. TCmit hufi hbowri, in Urr 
jjowi^r of «yut})alliy: fur we uit' M by the hojw of roci'ivitig 
gofMi in rrturn to Ticrlorm act« of fympnth<iic kiadneM to 
^t]iei>; Aud 8Vf»[>riThj is much «(ri.'it>r:}t'-rieil by hah&t. tn 
fxtt eomi^ler a uiniiaer thi* fot'liu^ may biivu on>;iiinTr(K 
iE» one of hiffh inipirtorcc tc all thow animalt vhkh 
Biri «Eirl 'It'fi-nil oi»i* nn»ib>*r. il will have beeD iiRTVMwil 
through natunl Aelec-tion; for tliotc eoiQniuniUc-«> v'hic'h 
incluacd the irrcntcflt nttmbrr of thr most vytnpnthctic 
mrmhriTi, wniilH flourish ht>ni, Rtrt^ r^r the ^ri?fltfvi1 minih^r 
of olTsprin)*. 

It lA, h«Ar*Tr, iiniioHV'iblr Ui deeidr in mnny nisr-* wtn-lb- 
PT rrrlum mcial in^tinriE hnrr l»rrii nfYjiLiri*(l tbroii;;^! ruitii- 
rfll aelottiou, or are the intliroct rcMiK of othpr inMinct^ nnd 
Fut'iillieA. HuH] att tiym|mlli}p ruLHL^ri. ex^-iL-ritiEicL*. aud Ji Leiul- 
eney lo imitation; or npiin. whttbvr tliey «iv jtirnply lh<* 
result *>f lonC'COBliiiued hn^it So rt^marh/iblc nn instinct 
HH the |r]jtij[i^' n'titim-bt itt 'Mitii ihe ei>i]iEUUiiiiy of ilati;!:er, 
e«it harrlly have hoen the in<life<:t ix'kuU uf any of Ibe^e 
facuhien; it n)iij»t. therefore, hnie ber*n direrlly nci^uirrii. 
On Hie '-ithvr hanrl. the hflbil fulktwed by the inaW of mme 
■oeiftt jiniTiialK of ijrferding th*^ cortiniuiuty, »nd of ntioek- 
JniT tlieir enemies nr t)tcjr |frry in cr>mert. may pfrhiijw have 
nnflinfll'?t1 fnvri mimial svm|MilbT; bnl eoiirngf, find in most 
eitfert I'ln^TiKtli' »fiu^^ hnvc hrer previously flcrjuired, prob- 
ably tbrenifh Ffltiiriil fcieoticn. 

Of thp TsrioiiB inaimetfl and habits, nome atp mnch 
wtronver than other*; liint ia, some either ffive more j>IeaB' 
urn m iheir yxTfrtrmamv, aiv\ morr ilintmo* in t.hrir piv* 
v^lioii, Ihitn others; or. whieh is prohAhly '^uito si- im- 
portAnt. they arv, throtiph inheritnree, ir\<yrf perjipJcntly 
fnlloiKinl, wilhont 4!Xeiting «ny fi|)cdal feeling of plc-nHuriT 




or p«iD. VC9 are our»p|Tps conscioiw Ihtit mtnp hnltiU ure 
much onort- difticult to cnire or ctiui^fc Ihiixi ott^rrH. Htiii.v 
■ firxigiOr innT urun l)i* iibu-fvi<i1 in itiiiiiinit hr-lwiim clttVr- 
tfDt m&iinflF, or bnwc^o nn iniiinct amf ^^iri- tiabitLuit 
^ivpCtfQtion; a» whea a ilog; nu1itr» afur s Iiiik, ib ntiukL<d, 
pMttuiM, holUUa. piir^un sgaiii. or n^ltiiuh unliiiiuni I'l bu 
iDiMter; or m haXv^^n th# love of a fifmulp d^i)/, tor he-r 
jOttQI^ pUfDjrtei and for her niaftcr.^for ihv rta^ ht^ iK^rn 
t*t clink liu'jiy lt> ibi^riK hh if hulf hkIiuetk^iI fif ii^il ui^mriipd ris- 
ing hfr niAihcr. Hjt th<^ mtwl <:uni>ui< im-ijmv Ld^ivu to 
tiH: uf uDe iDctinot ^Uin^ :Ji<^ t'fttiT of ni^itjmr, » iho 
mij^nilory ia-ttiiirl i.^iihJ.|(jFTiiig The EJiHleriiul iiihlnirL Tht* 
ffiniHT U wondorfiillr «troU){; a cvniiiiw] btrd will dt Ihe 
proper A««ou Wat her Sf^r^t fi>.'Biiii<t the wimi of hrr cn^i^i 
until i1 U bare nnij bhviJi^. If f-aii^pc your^ Mi]tn<~»n 1'^ l^sfk 
out gf the (rc«h w*ti*r. m which lht'> toiiUI t^oiitiEiuc to 
€:iist, jind Uih?i nninti^-ntiLfiinlly to tcimniJl iiiiriflc, Krery 
<iBe koi^u-H bftft' 4troT»^ Th>> mnt^rnal irn-iinrl in. handing 4»von 
tix]k>c1 ijinld lo f[ii.-j? ^niit (lii»>-er, t!n»u;;h iiiUi hutJtuItL>ii, 
And ia oppcuitiOEi lo Ihr iriMlJiirt of iu^irf>n^-v-rVAtinli, NVvrT* 
lh«lMft, tJi* miigiflton; in&Tinct is w» p-nverhil, that lal<» in 
tht uQtumn ?imiih>ur, houw' murtiiia, jiii<l iiwifU fr4'<|UMitly 
drM<rt liieir tcnclvr j(jung» kavin^ Uiom Ui prri*h mi«(ir*bly 
in Ui«4rn«4t8" 

Wo <tiii perceive thflt on in.-ctinctivr impiiW, if it ho 
in nuy uny ninrr tjiTHinnl tit :i ^jN'riofi tlinn 4i»t»r' <iihcr ur 
op[»q*M'<! inptinrt, would I* ren'lerLvi lb* mun? |K*t<Tit of 
IIh' Iwu Itm-u^li Qutuni] stlecliou; for lb<^ irdivirliinlH which 
bid it tno»t nti-«iij;ily ib"vHi>|^'il wrtiiM cHrt'ivs in hrgi*r nnni- 
l>tr»- VVhttluT Ibiq it lb*> i&t^> with tbo iiii^tuIjiiv in forii 
pari^oii wilb ibi- njBt^ritHl in>lir(t. may In- 4Ji»ul*in), Tlir: 
grfjit |H.-rvi-iU'iii.x<, or wiraily intmG of tht* f<*niit?r al fi*rlain 
Mflfaan* of (hc jmr during the vhofe ^&y^ may giw it for 
a timr inran^onnl force, 

Mah a siitcial animal — Ri'i-tj nn# will ndmit Ihnt mnn In 

•urt ,«^- li^*iliifai<;tf< Wl»u/t Sal. 
I '■ *n»." t4M, |i. St'**, wv 

I by lfi# Uluvtrinw Jm 
I I <i 'I 't,' 4vt' 1^24, ftuil Lk* 

-!■ ' ' ;>-,..i iNni twnU* 

UIubJ «t|^ on iha ^nl lyf *ttU\e 

luUf'ltod Marij MrJv, nob yd cli 

jy ■ l-CH |i]k |(l^ in kVrf ** Kl- 
<ttlf>kfMil oiiJi'iiitv HtUr'^Kirli ili[* In jiut 

p tU, Kcjr ^■if^\<jnukrj ' liitr*lup> 

MUn^ p i KjHiLlit i-Mrti Iliv< l'r#n 



P*»T L 

II Aocial being. We see thit in Tii« ilialilce of eolitude, and in 
hilt w«Ji /or nTciety bt^yi^ml llmt of hut uwii fjunilv. Soli* 
iiry ciinfirLOtni^nt in onf? of thi^ u?vprvcl puni)thnii^iiU which 
can be iollicloil. Some autlior^ tii|fpoM* Uioi man |<niiH-vn]ly 
tivi>i) m hin4,^1«^ fainiliL>i: Uil at tTi« preM-ni flay. Ifti>ii^(i ^ia- 
g\c fiiindio*;, or "nly two or tlirev tojEdlaT, Timiii Uu- *i>li- 
tudcf i>f wmi" w»voi»c InniJs lJi<'J jiln«y*, it«L fjir n* I cin 
discover, holii frwntWy rclnti'inrt with fitli^r f-imilio* in- 
hubitiii^ lilt Bflini; Jislnd. iiitvU fumilii^ OLVUBiuiidlh niiv-t 
i;i c-i.iiiurLl, iiti<\ uniti' for IIunt orutUKJii di-ft^tKr, It l> ii» 
argumoni Agnintt xava^ m»n Innnp n tficmX itnimul, that 
tht? triljee iiiiiaUtiiitf adjiuvitt didtncTo ar^ aljiiobt always 
Hi uar vhilli («di ullier; fitr tin? wiLml iiijitiurls iivvrr ex* 
ti>m1 Eci nil lh« iii4iridQAU i>f the iut<nL< tpucit-j*. Jud^fiu^ 
I'rtHA the nrmlofEy of the mojority of th^ <Ji:orfrHTi>ann, it U 

Iiri'liHUTe tlial Ilit* i-wrly ajif-like prtij^t'r^il"!" uf man werv 
iki'uiM- *o<.'iah litil 1h]i* it wA r»r tuut-li iiHpujiaoci' fyr hb. 
Although mnti. m he now citntA, hn^ i{:w ^fxrcinl iiMfincUi 
bariDg litxi Huv wlijcli hj> Hirly |in>^'rTiiUirh iimy ha^i* |n^*- 
0Mied, ititt itf no rwiiHon uliy hv idiuiild iiul havo rotiiinod 
from on t*3ttrcinply rcmotr jK-jiod junne df/r*^- of mMinclivi; 
Imv am! i^riiijwthy for his fi?11owii. W? an* irir|pi>fl all rnii- 
scioud that »i- ilo fKWiwjt AucI) t<ym|>atlLvtK- fet'liU)?!; "'^ but 
our conpri nuntr^A iIom not li*11 li*i whHlit^r they arr in- 
atirtHiv«, liaTin^^ oripnated lon^ ap> in tho »niii« mantis 
00 vith Uie lowrr nninuilK. nr wli^llirr fht^y hav« bNfU oc- 
i]uirv'(i liy i>jii^h of Uf^ fiiirini; our t'arly ivnrs. Ah iiifln \-* Jt 
vocinl antmAl, it is a1mo»i oi^rlJiiii ihat ht? vool^ inhi^nt a 
Icndt'urr to Iw fniliful Ih lii> n^mraiJ^Ts, aud t^WdioiiL to 
l!ii- hiut*^r nf hliL Irihr; for thi'*i» ([ualilii^s uw cimnumi to 
imiHl tftvta\ ar^iJkiaU, He wt^iitd cf^-nd^ucnily poiiKw foinf* 
Cfli>acUy foi -t'lf'commaiij. He woulJ from au inherited 
tetkd^-nt^y \tv willing to tl^fcnil, in (^u:i{yTt. with ol!ipr?<» hLi 
follow-nien: and wouli? h«* irady to aid thorn in any way, 
whiHt did not (on v'^^'ly int^ferc irith hi« own welfare 
or hh oivn utrwf^' dcnin-*. 

'Vhc (ocnni aniirfiln vhlch (ttitnd nt (lie l>«Uom of Itu^ 
jicale arr iriiid*-*! Aliui.»bl eiWnBndy, and tbo*f whuh ^Iflod 
higher in The iea]<^ an? Iar^'4'ly guided, liy appoial iralinrtx 
in the aid wbidi tltcy- ^rc ta Ihr mvmU-r^ of the afimc com- 

k-<-Tr.ii.r til* ^V^^'lfl^* 1/ Mpint^* 
fpVMKlot BtlLVTWOr lEHlltTflrm Ui w. 

bat ihU Iha rivv «f Lh< lWiii>r . . . 
I^nnnot or ibt lifllrr , - , llifuii> ■ 

Our. IV, 



munity; hm Iher aiv likf^nW in [Nirt Imp^ITt^d liy iTiiitiiul 
rJovu «Dd »yinpatfkv< auUted ip^tfir^uUy bv «ofjiu aiiLuum nf 
rca«OQ. Aliho^^h man^ iin jii^t n-ninrkn!, hu» no f|>ccio] 
IriritinrU tn l^'ll bim hov lo auI hw fi-Ucm--iiL<-n , hf Allll 
liUfi Xhv iin}iul^, and with his improved int^li<>c1iiiil tatml 
li« troulU iiaturnUy be much kukW in tbi-i mjrf-rl by 
ri-ii«in ant\ rxjimrinv- tnh1iiu-tivi< KVirtpntly vi^iiTrl Jilui 
t:d\iAv tun) to r«lu« hi^iv thr nppr[>V]^tii>n of hit ft'ili>Afl; 
fur, flj Ml, ilaiB h-BR clearly yhran." tbf lovt- of priiirtr uud 
thi' Mfnin^ f('i»liiij( i*f floE'). Liiul th*' Mill utmn^r horror 
of scorn ftAil infiimy. " atv tluo !■> Iho wnrkin^ of Bympa- 
th)r.'^ CuztN.'qiiea!)> man would be iiillutiuiril lu tlif? ]iigli< 
4«t <l«f;ree l>y fli« wi9)i4<a. ti|)pru}jutii>n, nnU bbiiLv f*T h\» 
follow mo n, UA t^pn^eictl Uy their jc'^iuri^ Ami lfLnj£ua|f<;. 
TfiiJ> th*' Mrial in«tJm-U> wStrh inu^l hsv*» Ijwn ariiiilreJ 
by mnn in a v^ptt' nulv «I<i!^. And pr:>tAbty even bv hib oaHy 
apt'-iikt- |>ri>jfi.'ml'>ni» nUll in\r Uic impul.^c to #omr of hi? hcxt 
DclimiK; but bip ni'lioriM an- in Ji higbrr i)i^)n'»'i- ili-lixniinpd 
bj lilt* p^pietrtpd u'l^b^ L»nd in>)i(itkont of bt^ ftihjw-tnen, 
and unforluuAtcl^ wry oiu-n by hU own nlronK fw^l^^^'i ^^' 
tuTVA. Hut riA bivi*, )iy>ii|]iithjr nnil M'if^-imiiiiJtiiil [H-i^oiEUf 
strenglbtn*»d hy hnbit, and ae tb« powt*r of ivHK>niit^ bp- 
<:omt!H d'^riT. ---J lliut mnn tao ratgir justlj Ibi? jti<lfj;i[i<.'rilB 
of biM fclbjin-*, hi- will fi-i-l hiniH*lf hnpi*lW^ apuit frurn ony 
tran^tory pU«pnn- >>r paiu« to <yirtiim linoa of onHuH. 

lit* niix'*' '^*-'^^ i]oi Lmr— uul that any baibHrijui vi unculti- 
vntnl man cv^tiUE rhuv Itiiiik — I am tht HOprviihi' jir^^tp of my 
ovi'D ooncinct, and tn Iho wonlf .-if Kiinl, 1 tt'ill not in tny own 
|Amin vufUli? iUv ib^iJty of hnnuinily. 

7"** mort fftduruiff Suri/jt JntUnrh r^m^tttr the Itss ptr- 
MfUni in^tiMh- W'^ haxr nol. howttf-r« jih yi>t ooiwideri^d 
the main jHtinl, on ulni^i, from our jirrw-nl point of vii^w, 
thu whole i)iii4tir>n of tb« Rkoral fl?n»o Xxtrta. W\\r ahonld 
fi man feol that h<' oufzht i^ filwy one ivnitiDCliro dt^aire 
mih^^r thin anoth^r^ Why i« hr bUtcrlr n^tcrHful, if >ir< ban 
lu-ld^J to a fclroDff ««i9{> of ^lf-pr«6fTv«1iQn, and han not 
mltpd hi» lift* to *nv*' Ihnt of a fclfow-creatare? or why do« 
hv Tf^tft hjtviti^ tUtli'U fnod fmri hun^-r? 

It IP eridcnt rn tb^^ first ptir^ tital «ilh mankind Iha 
iltotinctirv tinptiUi'A have dilterrnl ^Wr^es of ^tron^li: a 
KiVAg4> will riit his imn bfp lo un» iTiEit i»f n nn-mbLT 
the same commnnity, but viU ^< wholly iiidifTcKnt ab\ii 
a ifirttnjfvr: a yuuu^ urn! titnid mother urged by the ma- 

•t - H«M4l uia itdTtl ad«tu%' )■«, pL tM. 






tvmol instinct will, uilliout a niomeiLtV litraitaLiun. run the 
urtiilc'Ht 'lun^r f[ir hrr own infimt, but mit fi^r a mere 
[oliov-cn'ulurn- Ncv<?r1tuji-iu innny u rtvjli/oil iiijini or 4>Ton 
Ijuj, wltn nrfc'tT Wfor*^ ri^kptl Lif life for uiK»iliL-r, but t\t\\ of 
oonnigr^ uiid vVEiipafliy. hji^ iIii<re;jUNKii.l the inKlinrl of wU* 
pwwfnntioii, and pluni'i'*! ul ojh-c idU o (orrcnt to mvc 
!i iljuwiiijit; iiiAU, tliotj^li a 'iinngr-r In i\m ca^e man is 
fmpt^lkil hv tfif MRtt.' iii'^Iirii'iivo riinhr^. which niad^ the 
licrnic little Amrrifaji in'Hiki7. foriTicrlv 4ti--M4'rjlrt<l. auve liid 
ke^jH.'r, li}' 4iHni.'kijt;t: tlio ^rojil niul tln-iuJi'd ImlHioTi, Hiidi 
aotiond as Ihe atx^x^ ap[iear tr> hr tJip *iin|ilr rf«iili nf ih<» 
^renter idrL^iiKlli of Ihc Micial vr niutvinal iiiAtincI^ tlian 
Ihiit of liny Hihrr initiml ur molivr; fur tliey nn- tierfonneil 
too iii>?trin1nri'rmR]_v for mllf>chfln, or for (lU^Oiiun* ur piun 
to be fi^h at ila< time; though, if ^rovenlt^d by any coiii^c^ 
diKtroh ur tfvi-n rni'Ai'r'y iiii^lit lif fiOI. In a liiniil ihbii. on 
Uio ot|j<<r hnndf Ihr iri^tiru'L of HTlf-prvKLTvulion itiifhl bo 
Btron^, that fi^ w^nid l>c iinnblr tn finrr biiriHclf to run 
^iirh rink. [it'HiHph iiol ext'n for bih nun rhibl. 
1 bilk jwari- thai iir^ini.' pL-r^oiiK muiutztin ibril iii^tioiu peT' 
fkjnnr<l inij'iilffivoS/. us in tfif ahovp toN'*. Jo no! rfnr<: undcfr 
(he itnminic^n of Wm* nioml hrii«o. ami f^niii>t \tf tallied moml 
Thi^y onfnio Cliia ivnii \if aiHionM done di^lihi-ralvi}', AfU^r a 
viirUirjr ovtr crppodin^ i](«ipM, or whrn promptiHl hy si>me 
^xrUcmI niotin* Wni il ai'iH'im Mrnroi-ly jMuiAiblr to dtuv 
ary cWr line of diatineTinn af ih\s kind.*'^ jW far aa i^x- 
altwl inoti\i-? are KJiicfriieJ, iiiauy irmUucvH li*ivr Iweii le- 
cf^nlwl of Kivaici^^. iWiitutu of any Wlinjf of pmmil Iw- 
ncvolcucc Inwardfl miinknni, nnd not ^jidrrL by nnv rcl[^ii>U9 
JnotiTi', u ho havi.' iIuIJaihU'I) eaLrifjoi'il Ibeir live? un |»ii»- 
omre." rathtp ilian U*lni\ tlnir ^ooifAi!»; ind ■urtly thtir 
(-■undui't iin^'ht to he L^ntfit^ttnl lUx morab An f»ir nn ddilx'ra- 
tion, flttii Ibe »irtor\' iiivr i)|i|nwin>j inoiiwi arv i^^nrirnixl, 
animal* may t>o «j?<^n dmibtinj; bel^vevn ofjjK>»«(l inalinctei 
in re^ruiTiK tb<?ij oflH|irinp i>r nunwd*^ from dani^'r; yet 
ihrir •di<hnii. Ibou^i ilonr for (hi* ^ood iif otlwnt. nrr nut 
Mllud <ni»mb Mofvovi»r, Brivlhiuf! p<*vfoniied ven' ofi*n 
by ui, vriW ol Usi be done without dtlilj^rHtion vi ht^iUk-^ 


no Krv4lbiu1i Liitf adJ I'liJik S|wAL^Ii|f,' 

linnllnia Trt'lfn>rn (naUrivl biiJ Amufcl 


■* L lintt ir^ipiKwo iui.^t*otv<. Hunt' 
Ir iT iJmc F^kliitfi^mAt IjiJiiiM* aho 

Mil 41. 'At livtrariui U>' I'l^ria i^r ili?ir 
□iWii^uM'^r]' 111 viir rJvarniiL of B«- 




tic>D, and con tbon hirdlv bn iljiitiiiifiiifihrf! from nn inj^tinct; 
rH vuM'Ly no oiir will |in.-U-iiO ihal nnh si\ aclmn i;ea«v« to 

in^rwl. Oti tilt* foiifrrir^. Hf uW f.-i.'! ifmt HH acl raikllut 
ft^^ eujmidtnxl Hi jii'rfwl, i*r U6 |"'rf»rnicd in (lir nio?! m^blu 
umnrr. unlnn it bi* dimo iiri^uiMvi-ly, v-JDinnt ildilH^riitjojD 
»r I'tTi-rl, in tlu' ttimt' niaiinrr n^ hy »i n^A^^ in wli^m fhi* 
rt'^juiBilo tjiLuJttiob ate jiiTiut«>. ILl« wh>i lo furcf^d to osvr- 
wmc hi* frjir m wniil (jf ayiitinUiy lii'f<trr ht flct», Ji-ncrvi-r*. 
tbowpTor, in ntt^ n^} higfur c-riAliI llinn Ihr Tiinn ^'Hokv 
Innate dUpot^iliori lenii^ him it> n good acl witltoul effort. 
m wr i^niii;r| iliit|iii>;uiAli ItrtwrMi nmtn'»- nr r«iiK all 
;lc1ioiu *ii t curtain <-luw »■ murul, if pt>rfomiod Uy u inunil 
[Wnj;- A uK-niJ bcini: is tntr wl><> in cApiJc ol contf^nnnc 
[iLH ptiHt aiiil future acliiin'* or nitrfitr-H, hth) iif aj^fin^vin^ii 
or OiKipiirDvin;- of tht-m, \Vr hnv*» nn ren^on lo icuj>;^i»^ thnt 
nny <>f tfir Il»v*t nnimnlK havr this oiiuKity; th^T^^f^.^[■, w\nn 
a \fivfmjti(lljiriil tUt^ i]rs^'h H <-fiiti1 otjl of liii' uliIit. or n 
luoukeV fu^'i.^ Janj^i't tu rcritrvit- il> toninidv. i>r Cuko! Uiuijjt? 
©f on oijibin monk(*f. v* do not tall il*i f<inc!ur( moral 
Bnt ill tW rfls^ ni msin, wim nl^^ne rnn wilh certainty b*» 
runktHl If a munil Ih-in^', adiona of ii o^^iin Han jm? c-alU*d 
luorol, whclhcr [KTfoimcii deliber^lely, /iflrr a ^Irog^lr with 
op^tinj: motive?, or ImpulM^vly iLriKi^h luftiiid. or froTii 
L<; (rlf<i1^ »r iilowly-gaim^) Kabil. 
But lo rpli*rn in *iur nnnrw jnmeilfale mibjwt. Al- 
though inni«< inptim'tJ nn* ini>rv ]]OX('(.Tful than oihi^rri, and 
Ihii* l<Md to mrrfi^poiniing nflrin*. yrl it w nnt^nnliTr-, Ihjit 
in niiin ih^ ^xrlal inMii^ttn (iiK'hirling th^ Irivi-' nf [yniiAP 
and tr^r of Llnmi^t |vi»cfv ^rvtitiT ^ironf tli. or Jiuvo, ihroiti^h 
Ifiiig hnhit. a^^^nircd srntilrr strrTiglh thnn thr instinrts of 
•i'lf-piV«»?rvnti<^n. hl»ngpr, Inst, vpngfanrv, Si<-- Vkhy iinftx 
^avs man rv>rrd» cvori ihoujrh Iryir^ U^ banish auch T^ret, 
that he han ttiWuvtvii thr nnc nnluri! impiilHr mthfr thnn thi* 
nthi^r; ind whv dm* h* fimh^r f^-nl (hut h<- oii^hl fi* fp^r'-l 
ht» ci>ndij<-0 Uaei in tliiri n-sp^t dilFi-'r^ pri>fotindly fK»in 
Ihc )oTHT miitiiaU- Nrn^rthi^l™ wr inn, 1 fJiink, mv wilh' 
fomo dcjrroo nf cl"Mfn«'«J thu rmtirnn of this ditT*^r<'i]r^, 

Man, from thr aoiiiity '>f hiA mi>tital fKijItiCK cannot 
avfiid rellT-i-lHiiit [iM*[ itTi|iri'viion4 irrid iitrn^i^n nrr iTii^'<^iillY 
and clt^rlT pAuitifr throu;rH hi^^ mind. Nun- nith t^uHn uni- 
raalfl which hw- permancnlW In a ht>dv. tlie Ftocia) Itislinda 
are ever [irewnt and iHT^i^it^ni. Sitcti ariiriijtlii im' ulwHyv 
r«ady in ultfr t*n* djni;<"r-ftijfniiJ, (o iTcfcnd the* cmnmunity, 
and to xitf aid 1^ thrir fHIovi^ in flCTordanct* with their 
halita; they feel a1 all lime^ withoul the iiiniijliii of any 



?MT k 

Uyr llk'iif: iht.'y en- iinlni[»|»y if lun^ miianttt^i hi'm lli?m, 
mil) iilaav^ liaj)pv 1o be A^ain in their ^L>m|>anv. S-> il i* 
with our?**'!vrs, l\-i*ii whcii ut ort; t|iiilt' iilmr. how- oflm 
jIo wp think wilh fiU^nfiin* nr |miii nf ulicil oihi^ri^ tlnnlc of 
u«,— of t}i^}r iiuft^hed approbation or iltHnj^irobauon; and 
ihut ull folWs from B;rmj>}it}i)', t tandaiin-ixln] <lctiiriit «f 
ttii- uici^il itkvliiic'li, A tiuui who pw]L*»;i-{] no tmcs^ cif Mirii 
in»4tinctH voiild bo an uunalurcl monster. On tho other 
han(3, the tli**ire lo Mti^-fy liTjuj^tr, f>r nnv pua^on audi e*i 
YonHiMinri'. IK in iIk iialuri* ti-i]itM>niry. nml <«ii for n timr 
be fully MttiJJtcci. Nnr in it cnny, prrbnpn hnHly poihj1>Il>h 
to call up with complett? vivjijuew tin* fvi-litit'. f'jr iii3ljfiK-<.\ 
of hiiTi^i^T; nor irji]*.^^). as hatt often hi^vn n-'iiiurk^-'U. of aiijr 
suffi5nri)j- Tlic? itwiinct of jclf pr£*»^n-nMon in nr>l frit ex- 
rcpl in the in-i'urjiLv 4hf i|jin^'i.<r: Hiul niJiiiy a mviHfil tiRM 
Ihouglil huiifiolf l>nive until he h&B njet hifi ciu^uiv fnce to 
fot'tf, 'Vhv wjaJi for ftnothcr mnn'a propt^rty ia pcrlwps ufi 
ppfMittt'-nt fl <1*Air? a?* nny Ihsl mn 1h' fiHnK'd; Uul rkiTii In 
this cA&e the Mtli^fn(?tion of actntl pOAsneion \e ^i^n^nilly 
n wcftkcr fwliiii: thnn Ihf Jtwire: niHnv a tlijtf. if not 
hnhiliinl on(», nft*>r -lum-w hcu ivonili'n'i) why hr mIoIc* homr 

A mail (rannol prereiit \mti imprt^diunii oftoi repairing 
tlirotijzJi hi« mincl; hi' nill ihnv hi- <>Hvi"ii fo ujaKt" a mm- 
punnm U'lwcur i\\t impTe^fli'~»rifl of iwat hun>rnr, vrn^rouncv 
Knli^iinU iir UiLnK^r alu:nm^l dt other nivn> t'i>»iU wtlli Ihc 
u]hh»1 i-ver-prvMDl iiKtLiiL'i of «ynnp8thy, nntl wiili hi^ 
tar\\ kiM>v(\c^isc of what ot^icm ccjiknidtr ut (>miKi' worthy 
nr hluTticnUt-- Th'in kiitiwletl^'i cannot be bADi»hcLl from bit 


■• KilMillT ur liAlrtil Mtmi* *W to 'lO 
ii^nrt] -^. Tfmii •»iy nUm iluii tfwi !»* 
Uirffll'-P Ctr HBna AtP(*tJ<>TtrD cif >iki<< 

■n' ■!*« mi !'■ (i]il< Lf^ili *< raiv tiii'ii 
Ait.l -Ifwii^- Uofi^ <*{hm<ilJU if iFiF* 
llviH^r fiL luirjtf, tin *U- tux Ivti^n? 

iWIWiif vniiM Ihuavnm t^ if innjtii', 
■ml u ^rtfthity m niiai ivninUiji <'nt. 

rriiiv#f«. iM" lUf irUft •■rill iiwiinj'1, 
FiThiri whiM *• Pi"*' «' •■Virr*. it 
Wi>itliJ h|'y»L«i.r iJitt *H»ntvEMne nf l^r 
•Wtl* tirul |J1-M* V<»l ULlll tiK-OL 
11 it^ I4 H>t U wuulil La k ahibII «!«)■ 

ill abj f^i^ lA tfkikfifVr lUiL fci>nhr> M 
tny inorrLfvr >if lli* huimi' TnNf if h0 
rji|i] ilrjM*' lilifi wii IjblLir* iiriO Ljiii Ixb 
cciiiia l>ii- c-iimiii. ^iir \' >T |*n>l«Ll^ 
llial llip i^niiiiUt'ii tufiAcii^ofv ftr«ll4 
ri'iirvt-'li ■ (uatL f<>r ij^uiiikir hin *i^- 
myx fiilliwr il *aali\ rvt'i-mi^lt hJm.H 
he liifl DOT nrtiiifnl lniii>i^lf Tv dv 

#ri4-iiii.i>4h''j^t>t <>■ riiLiniljry 111 uVifili 

jfi>h.',inf4i trnuld. b/ iIhjimkiIm*, Ita^a 
***T IM u* l( w Tiivr*«irv tLar lIich 
IripJ^iiii'K L(>i;iil^vi witli •jiiiy>«(L/, 

ftlld i>t*«Mlc»(I I1V Itll" »^l of TlMflh, to' 

nlru^'iii^n, nn.l tr- low -ir rwii of God, 
^*frif«< hii^ *i>i-h fnl'lrTi ruh* w^uld 



i^ur. IV. 

UoaAL SHNi^R. 



miu^t vixl from iDttinclivp *ym|>alb)' in rMormed of greek 
rnuifii'iil. Hc' vjll lliiin ftn-l i^ i! lie had Ivt^ii bHulktHl \q 
roll>ruiiiff A |>riwnt Lhpliiict ur hubit, And UiU wiLti all aiii- 

The above ca«e or th« «wallov nlTarJa ar illuiTration, 
tbou^ch of « rvTcneil OAturts of a l«iuf>urtir}- tlnm^h (or the 
lime iiirocL^ly pt^nti^detit itiritinct (^i>r()UcnD]( cnikllirr in- 
tliii^ which in tifciinlty <]oTihirHiii 4>vi>r nil olhfn. At IhQ 
pn)p<>r KBtfoa Ihoftc binl^ mm'Ih oil dii\ [on^^ to bo uii^r<»h.-J 
wi\h Ihp ifivire to Rii|[niLc; Uit-ir tiiihiU ihut;^!-. lh<-v Ih^* 
C'lni^ rt)«ttlf«F, an* noivr mill rMi/ri'>fa(t- \n lloi-kt, Wltilkl 
lh<-' uiolhur-bifd u fiMnhD^, or ^r^rjdirt|^ over (it*r Eiivliiii^^ri, 
Ibr mnlrmnl iiifitiiict in pmbahly 3tn;iugi.n' tliau tht* mixra- 
lijtj; bul th«> in»<tnc-t trhicJi i« Uir mcin^ iwrtUtfiil gains 
tk« vvcUjry, aiKl ot U^t. at a moiuoQt «El«ii licr youn^ on«« 
Art oiTt ill hi)fbt. »lii< Ukr-4 lli^^lil diul detcirtd t)u*iti- Wlirii 
Airivi^ At tb« ctid of hor Icmg jdurnt^y, fluJ lUc uti^mtory 
tii^lirkt't ha« cea«cd to act> wbaE nn net^ny of rfMit»rtfe th^j 
binl wuulO frtJ. if. fiimi }*iii^' n^luwi'd itilh ^;mil iiienlnl 
icUrity, lUw coiUd iiot prevent thi- imugc c<>iii(tj|]iily fuuutn^ 
-tbroitgh h«r mind, of hi-r yuuii^ on-b p^ritliing in iLe bleak 
norlh from ixdd Hiid litiiij^er. 

At Uio mciiiicnl nf aHioti^ miin v\l] no doubl b(> apt to 
fDllotT tht^ ^rnn^rr iu^pulvt'i and Ihuttgh Ible umv iMX'a- 
«ioiia11/ prompt hitn to thi* iiubWt vWhI*, ft will inon- tutu* 
,ttK)ii)T Mild luifi to jETniify hiK own di^tirt^ at Ihtr cKpeiu^ 
of otltcr men. Rut after tli^e-ir graliriiutiou vUeu \Mai iiml 
wpflkrr irnprivMioTkii ere jiid^*><l hy tin- evvr-cndiiriiig *-.>fwl 
iivliDol, and by hiH di-tp fr>fArd for thr good [>pii'Li[iik of liis 
ftllottv, rvtributicTi nil! *ijrr?iy couie. Hi- uill thrw fii-l 
irmocte-, rftppnlancp, regret, or ^mmo: thin blt^r feBtiti^, 
1l»v«%«r, rtlat«tt nJinost CJCclnsiTdy to tijo judj^niLut ot 
ollitrx IJr will t^mM-ciii^iitly rrti)!*!* iium* or h^<M llrinly 
to Art diffpTTfitly for the futari'; und thin is mnnripaeo; 
U'T oonF^iGDCO looks bAck^'ftrdp, lad »rrvc« as a guide for 
tbi! futbrr. 

Tlir imtui^ and ttienplh of th« faolinjcv nhioh we call 
Wgrtl, »lkAUii\ r^^pf^nlancr or ninorse. depend upp^rpntly 
not iftAj uii thr *fn»npt>i of iho TioJat^d iiuiinct. hul partly 
Oh iW tttPTi^h of thL- temptation, nnd oft<*n Mill nnytv on 
th/*^ juri^HDE of oiir folfow*. lJi»vi (av eoeh man vnlMt-i iIik 
B|i|j[fvi:itiriii nf clbiTH, deprfid* on tfk* StYi^niTlh of hin in* 

Hflli' or ae-]Tjiivd fwliii^ of nvinpflthy: and on hia own cA- 
pocity for rraM-nioir nnt th** mivFt** mnH'H|u^iCF'F' »f IiJk 
BciA AijoIKl-i rlrmpnl is moflt important, although not 




D«OMean*, tlio rovo^UM 61- fc^ar of lliu Ooib, or SpinLs itv- 
livvnl ill h} i-8](li man: auil UiIji Jipplii^ eA;)F!aa]l> in cuiirb 
of ri'mor*!*- Sfc-vitrsl critir* hftt* ohjwteH llmt Iboti^h onmr 
Rlighl r^^n?t i>r rcjieiilancc may be i<i|»lajii>^l bj iho view 
udviM'dti-d ^n llii« rtiri|ilt'r. il is ijiipowible Oils to urtouiiL 
for the B<iii!'iJmkiiii( foi*liii>r ct rpinorse. Bui 1 emi tvv link' 
forrr m (hm obif^dion, Afy criticp do not (irtint.' whnt thciy 
tLiean by itiiiurw. hiiiI [ uuii lltid iiu dt-niiiliLui iiii|)1jLng 
mure iliau an orprwliolnuTig iiKniM.- <»( t4^)ic-uiuu(.-l<. JttmorHi' 

to u»gp-i\ i>r n^tiiiy tu imiik It in Inr Truin 4trunge Ui^it 
an iu^Uikcl jo ilicu;; atid bu ^^uoruUy tidiiured, Ufi iiuiUtquI 
lovr. fbould* if disnt'vjfcij* Irnd to tilt d<^piT*t miM-ry, a^ 
Winn a* thp inijin'«)on nf \hv y-jist fHTihf *jf iniinhwiU'iii* iti 
wakened. K«t-n whvii an dc1ii>u jm uttp08vd t'> Do ^p^i/t^l 
iiistini-L mf.-ttl,v Ciir ktmn llmt aiir fiit-iiclA jinil «]UjiL> (lr?<pj-t{- 
iiK fur it in inmiigh !i> cniiii« gr4«l mittrv. Whn m*i donlil 
th&t the rpfii?aL to fieht a auA through fear l]fi« cuDBt^d 
mnnj tutu au aic^^> "■ »lmnii!''' llunv a Hiiidcx\ it in uiid, 
hnii bvi^ri ^tifrtfd 1o th» bottom nf bia «oul by having par- 
taken of unclean food- Her« id auotber <:aae of wkat muat, 
1 think, Ijc ctjlbul ri^iiuintp. Dr. lAnilcir nt'trd «^ m mn/iUtnlrr 
iu W<'0t Au&traba. und rvlati^i," tbat a native on bid fnrjn, 
after Icojnx our nf bifl wivi> fnim '^W>*iin'> mmr aD<J Mid 
tbwt " hfl wap j:rofti(' tu .i di<r;iikt (rJl>o !-> 4penr a woman. 
to pudi^fy hin m^nso nf duty to Ini" wife. I totd biiii Hiat if 
b*" diif >*(), T iffntild "(eiid him In prUrin for lif'- tli' ri'miiin''d 
abiiiit ihe farm for ^omr months, bul ;jol »':ccT.'k>djnj;ly linn. 
lu\d comitlaiiktr! tlint b* i-ould not reel or eat. thai Wit vUrA 
Fiplrif wa« bjinntin;; bim. booADse b^ bai^ n'>f laki^n » lif^* 
for herp. i trn^j infxnmble, nnd aunrt'd him Ibiit notlun;: 
■bfiiiM fiave him if b*^ did " KevtrlbHeh* IIip mnn ili^ni"- 
jieon-i^ for rn«>re Ihan b vt^^ir. and [h*.-n r«^Uim(<d in bi|^h 
i>mditii»r; nnd hit- other t^'jfr li^M Dr. Iwiudor tbM bt-r bii^f- 
bnnd bnd lalirn Ihi- lifi? rif Ji Aninan iN-toriL^irip in n diMant 
tnbei hul il waft impowible !*» obfnin l<*^rai pvidenr-p of \W 
act. Tbr hrtnrh of a ni!'* hcW i^rrMl bv iht tribr, will 
tbu*, im it wpm*^ (t't^ riw* tn thp dpopi»d fiidin^. — uml tliU 
quite apaTl from Ihe e<:>dal inMitxIi'^ oxc^ptinjj in bo far 
at" tb^ rule is ifrourid<^1 on \hv luHf^mtiit of lb** loinmunity. 
How *o muny crrnn|V<^ wipcrfilitinnii htvt* utIm-h tbr-oii^botil 
the world wo know not; nor enn wc tHI \\ov aomr> prul And 
enmctfp auib an uic^t, hatc^ coiiit; lo be beld in an ab' 


,C**r. IV, 



lorrcDM {vhich i» nf>i howcrrr i|aite uojvcrul) by the 
[ilowesi Hvapm It u cv^n dcuUfitl wh^lhtrr in ^omi- iribn 
■inooat would I* lixikwl **n with i^ntttcr horror, thfin wonlii 
tikt marriajfi? i>f a rtiin with ■ voEnmi bMTJfi? thv Mimo 
Tmtnt\ tho|[j:h iT*»f fi ri-Iiilinn. '* To vinUlp thin Uu id a 
cnmv uhicli iIlo Aui^tralmne hold in tUe;;realort rtUiorrmcu, 
in the ftyn-vinf; rxjKtIy nith tcriftin tnbes of North Aiimt- 
jpHr When thr qin-itirH i^ [nii in fitlipr dinfrici, is it "'owe 
to kill a ^irl of a roTT*i^n Tnbo. or to uutrrv n ptrl of ane'^ 
ouBp 4tii jDjiftrr junt ufipjpitc to our* ui>ii1ii Ix* j^vm with- 
'out hrirtnlifw." *• "SXr mn\\ thrivfi^rp, r^^fct Ihe belief, 
ilcly innMed on i'j >i>mE< whttrr^. thul llic ubh[>rr&ii4.« of 
Ircp*1 U diat' to our pcKscsatiif* a hpccml 4JiH)-iiit[iliu1iil <<in- 
^ieii€«'- On ihf irlidi' it ]* intHligihK TJ^nt jl m»n ijr^od 
tiT fV> powerful n wrlimcnt m rt-ini>r?'.-. tljoii^li urj^irig hb 
Mipnv v\\t\u\in.'i]. ^Iiould he Ird I'i m^t in n amtiurr, whirh 
h<* hat Ihhti taught tn MjL*vr t^rvwi at uix npiniinn, urn h ns 
dHiinmj: Itinisolf up to jiiftlicc. 

yUmi [jroriiptv^] Iry }li^ ly-iiisri'-mTiV will t)irouj(h long 

habil aoqciro ttwli [>i?rfi'pt ifiHf-roinmnnd, that hU dntirce 

|j»n<l pffuion^ will nt Wt jieM inttartly and wjthi>ut a fltrug- 

•]f In lit* tTHrifll sj^mi^Hfliif^K »\»] iii^lind^, ii\drirlrti^' biA feel* 

ij; for iho judfjfiK'jil nt hin ff?l]owi:- Tli** (till Uungry, or 

Ihe *fill n?i*i>p'/fiil nmn will cot think of Mcnliii^' food, or 

if wnikkih^ hih tHi^ism-e. It i^ |iUF4iilile. r>r a^* »e hIihH 

irfrtfiir WH\ rt'i'n prolialdo, that the huliit of aolf command 

riii*, likf trther liaMtf* t>c inh^rit^d. Tliu* at Wl iiioii comc# 

lo fwl, lhriir];-li acfjiuri^d Hni jicrlispa iiilmntfd hnbil, ihnt 

|l tn 1)Wit for him t« olipy hi* itjor^ (joniflitnf iiiipidiioii. Thu 

tiprriotis woid i^uj^W *ofm* fiKTpIj- to iiiiplj iht roniwioHs- 

*»f Ih* tiisteikce of a nde of coiidiirl. howpvt-r il may 

lav ohifinjlw!. Kcrmtrly it miwt hixre U^eii ofleo ^ehe- 

icntlv iLP^'^'J lliat an inanll^'d gi'in^mnn ou^hl tu Cishi a 

lufK Wc cvi>n *i_v that a froinler «iwyft( to noini, and a t**' 

ricTor to rHricvr caior. If ti"'.v fail to CO »o, they fall 

In thf-ir dulv ai>d «<l wnvt^dy, 

f any iK-srrtf *^r innlinf.! U*ariinp to an flrlion op;»mu»d 
|o thf £ood of oth<"n» *i3ll n|*pfjin*, when r-^ralk^'l lo miii<i, 
It MtroTig 1^, or MrriTi^r thao. thr finri»]l itiHiin't, a iiijiti 
[]] twi no ki^pn n-pivt al having followed it; but hi* will 
coii«irtoo« thai if hi* conduci wpr^ known to Wn fcllowf, 
tt would mpct with their diKn)iprnTiiLtioii; and fi-w aJi; A'J 
4«litUt« iA 0yni|iothT aa not to f^el discomfort wht*n thia 

■ K. D. Tflnr la ■ (.'MiUiApAmrf fbenrw," Apii\ lK;i, p. rOT, 




?*» t 


if rc»rtlue(K If ht hOB no *iioh *j-m[iath\% anri if hi* (l«troB 
IrrtfiJnfT to bnd oclion* nrc at fhf lirni: etrt/Dg, nnil when tc- 
c«ll*'(l fire not o^ri-iiinhtcn'd b^' llie |)t?i>iiKt<']iT tnn'ial tiiMihHs 
find tlie judpuont of olber>. iIj^d ho ia ci«<^Dtial1> a bad 
lufln;'* and Ihr tn*h rratroiniii^ molivp Icfl is Iht fi«r oJ 
piini^hm^nt, nml Ihi- rmiTirtiitn Hmt in ihr Wij^ run if. 
would bo bi«l for hie tiwi^ scflieh jntew^ta lo rogartj th<» 
^ockI of olhcrv t'Jilhvi' Ihui^ hin 1>^*rl- 

It i« i>hviiwfi thftt pvi^rv oni- iniy *it!i an amy e«n*cif»iioe 
gratify hia own dtK^irc^ if (hoy rfV nol iiihtrfeiv with litu 
fffKirtl inKlincU. tbnl is wilh the gotid of utbcri. bill in 
ordtfr t<i be quili' fn**? lr[>m nc-lf-reprnach. or st !*««[ nt 
ftujciciy, it ie «lmoel noccwory for him in uvoiJ fht rliump- 
jjroljHtiinxi. uhi-lhi'i' ri.'ii&uuaMe or iii?t. of hU frllow-Tncn, 
Nor iQiUL hi.' brc'tfk. ihroii^h the fixod hAbl1» of hi^ \iU\ fsnp- 
ciAUy if ihrtr nrr »tippof1c!il by reason; for if he dowi.lM? 
vill nwiireiily fpH OJrtatif^fBvluiTi l\v imj*l liki'niw* ovriifl 
Ih* roprohalion of the one God or pods in wh^m, jhchit*!- 
iiJi: to hi* kniiwMgf? or suiK.Tatition. hr timy bi.-ht'vt: liul m 
thin (';iM< Ih4> mUlilioEiiil U-nr of divitir |iuni3k}imni] oFtcti 

rJi^ strirt^p Sofi/it Virtiifs tii fii'sl lihnr nvfiirrM. — Tb^- 
ibovo vi^w of the or]>rin n^d njiiurr- nf th*"' mornt flr-Tiiic. which 
iv]U lu what we oti^'ht Lo do. aiirl jf iht^ cotcM'icDcf whidi 
rr<|)f<ivt« lu if vir (liw^boy il, iioei>rdH ax'U wiIIi ivlmt ut- hoi- 
of thf irnHy nnd unclcvflgprd condition of thif faculty in 
mankiDt). The %irtuei^ which diuhI be praclifed. at lea^l 
^iiorilly. by rude men. «o rhal tbi}-y may aModnt^ lu a body. 
ntc tb"ir which nro tihll rfcoi*r"icd an the mwt importntit, 
Biit they nil.- firndited alijjLibl i-xi.lubL\L-ly tii rvlaUju to Ihr 
men of the ^rne tribe; and Iheir oppfmlles arv uot re^Jirdod 
AX crime* m relaU*>n to th<* men of nlbcr tril"**. No Irihi^ 
n*ijld bi)hl (opj'lhcr if inunlrr, ri»hU'ry. irt'rtch^TVH A.i-, nrrr 
common: ronBf>f|iitnil\ STidi tnmcn within Ihe limile of 
the Mm* Irilw "' nrc Wndi'-l wilh cvi^rlnfltinj: infmnT;"** 
but rit-iht »n «[irh iii-ritimcnf. hrynni^ Ihesc hniits. A Norib- 
Atncrrionn Indian 10 veil plivwed with Uinteelf, and ii hon- 
oured hy olher». «h»i be 9calp« n mitn of nnothcr thb?; aod 

ti'i'ii* ift^u '.f lliiHrMPi crimiiLolfl, who 

•• S»» ftlt nlil" JIflir'lc ill ill IT ' fi"Tlll 

MF- '^- njWtlii.itV jriii'La* (111 l\\v tm- 
KrTivw/ im, |>^ d»^ «ml 140a, |.. tfl, 




morjll ssyssL 


a Dyak cnU off the head of on uncifTendin^ pcr&^iii md dricR 
it itf a Irophv- The inurdrr ^f infants Ii4a prevailed on the 
lBr^r<^i fi<«l* thmiighm:T thr worliJ/' and has inec uith no 
rrf>roflch; but lafonticide, Mpoomliy of rcmiili-i. liof: Ik^'h 
Ihoui^bt Id her jsnoA for th^ tribr, or al IcHBt iif't injiirjiiiif. 
ftnicifJi' during fnrmor tinif* whs nni gfnptnlly fftustdpTpd 

'as a cnmo/' bul ralhor, fn>ni the courajro diBj^IttyM, ab »n 
honourable atrl: and it ih bIiII t<ntctiHd \yy Mitm- jflpmi-civi* 
VijHyt] and nflVAgo nition* ip'tthoiit rcprcwh, for it dai-ic mtt 
obvioiuJy ooDcem othen of tho tnlw. It hfl& boec lecordod 
All ludmu TViD^ L^uriPcteTili'jUhJy re^ivun] ihrtl la' }j»d 
tvibbud and atraugl«d uv nrany tni^li'ni Ui did hit 
father before bim, Jn n mdc i^itc of civiltMLtirn the roh- 
bery of fltrangerb i&, indtL'd, gfocrally tciUBjdtrrd aa Lou- 

Slnrery, althovicb in »oeii<^ vaya bcncftcifll ^unnjr ah- 
Crent times," is t ^r&ti rhnie^ Tf^ it was rint so rognrdvd 
until <|iiite r«i?nl1y. €\tji by (lie inuft vivdivKl nntjor:^. 

^And ihU wa4 r^jiircuilly the ca«c, hci:iiL]iii? thi* fhtm brlonjir-d 
in pfr^TnJ lo 8 tTior difTrivnt fmni that of th^ir m»strni. 
At Ifarbtkrtaik^ do ucti rr;^rd the <if>iniou of tln'tr u'oru(*ti, 
wivrtt «rr I'.mnionly trciitf^l liitc *l«Vf«, Mo*l wiviigr^ an* 
nUcrly mdlff^rert to ihe jiuir^nn^e f»f Rtran|2^rfl, "ir t^ven 
deJiK^t in ^PiluKMinjr thtm. It is wxdl knowij thait th-? 
■ncrmrn and cliildrm of Ihr S'ahh'Amrrit-aa Indinn.-t nidrd 
in inriiintiii Ifu^ir etiPRiiof, Som^ m^g^K tph^ ■ horrid 

'pleasure in cnjelty (o aniiimK'* hO^J humanity i^ an un- 

<knf^wii virtar. Nrvrrihplf^*, lnvidnt lh<- fnmily afTfctiifiHr 
kindnru is tommon, f>j^pocially diimg Hckii«f«, botv^^fii th« 
rnt[idT(.-i> of th* Mitie tribe, und i* wmciimw cx(endtd b^^ 

,yj.»Twl tbi*iir linjiln, MiiTijfi hifk"* Imifhin^ nrcrHinl of lh# 

''kindn«* of the nri^r'- woiTM-n of tbc intirior to him I'a well 
kntiwn^ Mau> i rinlAni.^'?^ t'<.itj!d \k sivcri of the j|r»Vh' rifUlity 
of idtVHpv loimrdi; rnch othrr^ Init nrit In tlniii^r^: cviniiivin 

.cxpcncncc juctit^n the muim of the Spnniord, " Never, 

■ '['hfl fkir>H4 im^ortf wMf^h I !*•»* 
niK fltili ia It> Kr, Gtflftinl. In Mm 

'vur ui Ihf- *u1iJkI vf JnlkmLHdf jn « 

• linn m- t'vMrIa la L*«ki'« 'lEk-b-if 
Hi *tlf*»<J *Tif I, IWH. jV 

h *» *»Mt knowtfc U(iw enm- 

S|«aWi fonfine-L For N* * ZrufBtid, 
Mfl rh«- rnTfl^ 'ff fht *< Vr»i ip-ik/' nrj^l 
IVrr tlv ^hvilbn ItlvTMl*. MolW, iw 

■ p*iMi, fi't !ii>r*rLi'tf. Mt- Huiutl-iii^ 
r4l RffiMv,' iWfli, jk at. 



?xn I 

nirvcr Innt an Tndian " Tlivn raiiniit he Melilj wjihmtt 
Initir Aiki) thii funrldiEiufiijil viriav vt ncit nirc^ bcttrron the 
mtmhiTH tit thu Mint; tnbc: Ihuj^ Miiik^i> iVk heard the 
iir^ri> wotjifd U'Hchin;! their youiig dnl(lri.'n to Irjvt the 
truih. Thi*, n^iii, ia oue of iJi!; rtrtuvv wJiidi ljccoin<:[i no 
deeply rooted m tl:t.- mind* that it 10 (wmctiii^f* |>ra«li^ 
hy Miv-Hipw, ffvrii iit. n high cont, towards ^tran^-rs; hut to 
Uo to your onciiiy bag rari^Ev tM.y-ri ihiiuKlit a nu, a.* the 
history '>f imidifni iliplHiim-y [o<i plniali? *he«K, Ai* j^oimi h* 
11 triJw hiis El iN'r«j(m*r(l Imilrr, din>h(*dience bec"f>iiJOT a crimp, 
ntid r^Vi>n nljcict 6L;l>rinA£iuti le- lunkut al u» a mcred virtue. 

At duriu^ ruik 1iuM'« iii> iiiiti) cajl Iiv^ iisi-fLj] or fnithful 
to hiii thK' without eourugt>, ihh mialilv hae univi^rsallv 
Wen |4nocd in the !iij:hoal nmk: jjnd altluinEh in (ivili.npd 
eouiilrJtfc a t'cunl ji^t tiuud mmi muy W fur iimrr u»t<rul to 
tilt cuminUBilj than u hmve om.', *\* i^imol hdi> in^tiiict- 
ivcly tionourin^ the latter ubuve a cowartj, howevL-r Iwiitrvw- 
teiil, Pruih'ine, on the other hund, whlfh doe* m4 onn- 
c;cru liio welfare ^f others, thoujrh a very useful virtue, 
ha* ni*vcT been highly L'stcemud. J\s nu man urn i^racLiae 
the virlues nt»c"j-*«irT fof tht* wi?lf«ru of hit Iriht wiihuut 
M^lf auerilue, ^-If <:cniii)nndT aiu\ the jrowcr cf cnditrnrLeCi 
t}ie»<; tjUahliet hmv been at ull liiJit.'^ h]|;ijly and liuhI jually 
valut^d The Aiiii-rkitii vjivAf^c voluntarity iubtitiU [u llic 
ino«t horriil tmiurein without a jfrc^iiT to prr>re ami ulrenifth- 
en hb forlJludi* and Mrurap.^ and ue earkntjt help Hdridrir>^ 
him, or vreii un Iiiilinn Kakir^ who^ from a looliKli religtoua 
irmtive, svin^ i<ii»[ii-iidci] l\v n hook burie<l in hin tienh. 

TTiL* oiher ffw^lted lipH-rft^TitiTir^* virtxjr*i, which l\*^ not 
obviouitlj, Uiou(-h thc-y may reullv, alUct the wi-lfore of tiw 
dbc, liUTC ncrrr Wen i'*Winpcl liy jjivnge*. lhoo;;h now 
(bly appreciated hy eivjIistMl nnlinn);. Tin* j;rrnl<*t inlpm- 
liemiK:^ ifl un rcpfwit'h with i*uva/ea, L'ttcT Ueeudoutncsfl, 
Hud iinruitLind eiJine»> pn^vjill to an nnloumliEi^' r-xli^nt,'* 
Aft snon, hnwerer, aa uiarriaj^ whtther TKily^rtiniift, or mo- 
rlOJ^>Tn''u^ heeoiricp rommor, j«ilouay will lead lo the ireul- 
mticm ni female virtms ^^*^ lh<>*- h^'i^K hLmouii!d, trill teud 
lo «iiff«iid I'j the untLLarried female*. How flowly it itprvfldf 
to Ine male jmx, we sw at th^^ j-'iewjil iky- Chftttity cmi- 
ncnily r«|uir<!* M.']f*<'HimiijimI: lh<'rrfoir it his>i Im-itj liair- 
ourfd from n rf»fy enrly period in the moral hittory of 
dvilisfd man. Aa » ciLi]i»ri]UL-[Kr nf thiitv the ^enedei^ prAc* 
lieu of iHtltliaey haii bivn raiitwl from u a^niole iN-riwl aM 

Uon «f Ak-la H itik b<«l 

cur. IV. 



M Trrltie." The Iistntl «if iiulfc^iic-y. whjth 4|if>c«re 1o lui 
fo Mttirm] *• I'J tiv thiMt^bt hinale, and ^htvU m ut i«1iu(ile 
flD aifl tfi rhA»tilj, ji* « ninilrm virtue, >i(i(>cr1«inini; txclu- 
aively, » Sir <r, ^vtAunroii mruirkV' <" HvilLun) lifp. ThiK 
Mt riurvp liT ilw anrnrn rcli^cvtv ritct if v«rioiu Datu^nft, 
by the (lniviD2» **n Ibe i»-4lLi i^f Toiupcii, and bj Uic pr«c- 

Wu Lavi* n-'tt rttn llial aclioriSs nrr n'tmrririj by Mrap?e^, 
nnd wrtc prnkxiMj *" re^arflfil liy |.i|ir[i>^kdl iimn. hs k**"J "' 
hill, uAvly *» lb<*y ohvKm>ly alTect thr wHfari' of lln' tnbi\ 
— out (hot of till* 6|Ky^i«t, nor thnt of »a jndividiml m<^Tiib«r 
<if tJitf Irtbtf, Tbb ixinelueimi a^rt-t» v^i^W wilL Tlie tmli^f 
thftt thiT ci>-ntiiXl moral m^aM* U abon^iiully d(*rit4<l from 
Ihc MciJil in^Uncti^, for both ttUitc at Hnl cxolusitrly to 
Uii* commuriJiy. 

Th(? chief' utdtt* of ihu Ifw tnnrnlitj i^f tava^, ai 
iJccd by our M4n<3nrri, nn*. (IrMly. Ihf ixmJinemcnt of ^ym- 
ilhy III tb»» wirif lri*»^ rvtnn*llv. jumrr^ iif n-nhnning 
ituirK'ii'Ut to rLC^'n^c IIli^ lva:'Lii;( 'jf inany lirluufe, osfie- 
inlly f>f th^j *iHf'Trir»rdm|c virtui.'st, nn tin: (^rntnil wlfnrc 
ihp Irilw, Ssinpcf, for inslflurp, full in irarv ilie muHi- 
liod evila eoiiMMjuv-Eit oD a want »>f luinTU'rautLv tharlily. 
And, Uiirdly, wnik pnir^r of iiHr-ix>mrMfid; for ihtK 
»wpr has nnl Wm iTtun^hcneH throutfb l'*ng-«)ntinti«d, 
rhai* iaticrilcd. babil, inUruUiiin and rvlipon. 
[ li^vc riili-n^! iiiln tlir abovi- dHflilx I'li tlu' iinmnnility 
Mva^i'*,'"' bi-ciii)>4' fntav iutboi> ha^o reci^iitly lakon a 
ligh view of tlieir monl inilun.-. or ha^r atUibntrd mo(t 
if ibdr rjimm lo niiMHLcn En'in^olcnrr *■* T)jt--(? aiilhors 
.|>«if In ryrt llii'tr cniulHskn on eat-A;^ poMVAtii^ thoe* 
[rXuti wbkh Hjyr (*»:rvit:caMc, or c-xt-n ntxtfviiry, fur llit? 
islrtfcr r>f tin* faraiJy iind of tb*- tril*. — (lualiliM wbidj 
tmdoabtcUly clo poeccfid, and often in a liifch dojcivc. 

CMfrhi^iii^ Pf*wiritj.^Tt w« i«niined fonrorlv bv phi 

i^tn of Ihc dcrivaliTe" kIiooT cf iiiorAl^ Uial lb« 

inodfltir>ii of tiiitraliU lay Iri a fnm nf Sf*l fith nt'» ; lint 

|r»re ren-nlly Ibr " IJroaic^ hanpinom prmdplr " btti hoCTi 

il pTomincntty fonrard. H m, howeT^r, more oorr«ct 

"%v\i-mmj |o f^in*,' r«L f|, ]\ 

* Tin Irnii >* ii«nl in an tM^ffU. 

. II, 



Pint I 

lc» fpfalc of Ib*^ leltcT |.'rincipl? at tlif eten^nrii, nnti not. n* 
Ihe in;'tive of i.'miihirt. N>.'v*"r(}n'l'*>is, nil 1)11:' hiiiIiim^i whirsr 
work* I liavf* t'uiii(ulU'<l^ wtlh n ff» (■xi-"»*f^tioH«,'' wnli' ad 
if Mifh' nm^i he n (ii&tinrt ninlivc fnr cvrrv artifitj. ntnl tlint 
Ibis imihl W ns*ri('iftli»i i^'JIh som** [il^'ftunrp nr fliii;kU'ii*ktiv 
Uul >riai] P('i>iiii: ctrii^n to QE't inipiif?iv(-iy, Ihiit h frnnj m' 
•timi or long hnbit, withool miy ro[iK*ioti:*nr»a of [>lefl*iiry, 
in t)if> Miaiir irmiincT ha iloci^ pro1inl>1y a ^x^ir or iint, whrn it 
lilindlr follove its in^litii:ta. L'adcr circUTii^tancce of <rx- 
In tni' [JiTil, MH duri»i£ n fin-. wlii?n n mnti ruJcHvouri to tave 
ji fi'llihw-cri'aturp tritltont n Tnomoni"* bt*tjlntinn, h*' mn 
hnHly feci pl?ajJurL\ iin<^ t<lilE !(■?« ba^ hr timr- In tcI^ccI 
on lliL- l]i■lAHli^f4l~tJ1l^ ktbii'b lii? mi^ltt 9uti^i.i]iifJill\ rK|>t.'ri- 
tnfi- if ho iliil not niiikc Ihr rtitrni|*1- Sbou!'! bt iffti'iAwuli 
refl*^'^t over bin niAn rondud, be wonbl fwl tbiit then: iie* 
H'itbin lijin tin inijiulKivt.' ]m\Kvr wiiU'l)' (tifTi^rent fmrji n 
K'uKh aSivr pinuuns or hit|ipuit*u; und Uiid dt-^uu to tc: tlie 
dci-ply plnntcd n>cin] indlincU 

In the i-a^i? tkf the lower atiirnalf It eeemi' much more 
nppr^rr^'l* to Fp^nk of their ^orinl iiidtmvfpT ok bdvinj? bc«n 
dcvclopwi for the ytnyral j>'uud laib^.-f ibiin for Iho ^'cnrrnT 
hflpjiim^iw of liw ii]w<iw- The t<rin, jfL-ni'ml ^wnl, unn In- 
defined n« Ihe ronnii;; of ihe izrL'nii'^t nurulx^r of indivrilunl* 
in TliII lij^niir Lind hi-jlllb, wilb nil llirir fjieultieH fH-rfecl, 
nntJrr ihe einfljnrifcs to which llicr ari^ mhjr'ctod. Ah thv 
fiocijil tiLsUudFi IniIIi of ttmn auA \hr Invhti animals have no 
di^nlit hivTi rii'tolnppd by nnnrly Ibr *nmi» nli'pw* i* wimid 
he fi'Iviiebk, if foiiiid iJTacticaW*. to u*o ihe srtmc definit.ior 
in both CMW"*, mid tn taki- an lln? *1anditnl i>f utoiulilv, tKi.' 
fC^nnnl (Tf*™! <3T wdfftt* <^f Ihe <vimnnriity, ratluT ikon tbe 
Ifenrml hnppincw; Hnl thid defiriiTifin wnwld perbAp» r^qnirc 
Mini« liruifjUion on a<\'otirit of jinlilical Hhic& 

Wli*u a man riilm hi* life lo iatc^ ibsl of a fellow- 

pl^Miira Wr, II s-Miff**!! •!*>. in 
ft|« F-Bti' on flnnPiirr «n'l HiMira 

tti (■mifrt'milciri r\f ihi' ^nr(fiiiP thni 
tnv ImpalHL Jiml**1 ViwvtJp vaiiip- 

r>1»-4<ii^ hi*. ] '4rifii4 fnii think. 
HiP -InhfliT in* n Vh'^h '"Tifii*-'l, tiinthtf 


C»At. IV. 





<-nmtan, t* Bpcms alto more coirwt tf> («,v thai lir scU fur 
llkt! irvopnl fpn»\^ miller tliin fnr llii- ;^<nrnit h4|i]>in(iK of 
(1- No <jt>ult Uic wvlfjtnr anil l\w happiiicw nf Ihu 

iiriNh hflil^r l)>vn ftiyt' il)>i t8 diM.'i>Dtoni^d anil uq- 
ppv. We lisr^ fttfVB thai o^v-ii al un *«pk p<?riod in ih& 
lory iif mnn. thf ri|nr3r*ij njethrA «f thv c<inijtuinii\ will 
i» uiitumllj itifllH^u^'ll lo n Iflrpr 4*Kli>nt the c«Midiii.l t>f 
her; t»\i\ an a\\ 'aihU U-t hu|>pLiie?.^, thr " iffivlort 
bfrpboi priDL-iplv*' nilL hcivc^ U:tv[i^c ji T[ifw.t irnjictrlanl 
etooorfary pu"k' nod obj«-"l; Iho f-nrtn] insiiPfl, howpK'T, 
rr w;1h pympoihy (which It'^d* to our rt-[:ftrditis ^li<; 
rciliatiuu mitl [libji[f]>njl)uli(iii nf ulhrm). fiatjziiif ivrrnd 
(he Tiriiuar^' tuifiulv* int! ^lidir. Tliui^ ihi' nrproorh it 
rc^nant^cd of \my\tif iU\^ fmindilron of llir nol>k^1 i*rt of otir 
tialun? in the ha^e |>iini.i|jlL- i^f Nelflnhrtivm: unti^w. in-ieni, 
th* iatkfifdcli'Hi vrliidi every ariinul f#*li», vchvn it foll<kW( 
tt,^ proprr in^tinrtK, nnd the (tiaMtwfaction fdl when pro- 

The Hi&JiM mid opinir^nti o( thf memlwn of the utroo 
ntniinlly, r^iTi-^HNl nl Hf*1 f.rnllv, hut lotor bjf writing 
sUn. either fnmi 1h*> Hnle piiiilet of nur ivinHiirt. or Ritr^tly 
reinforuc tli'T »'toial iueiYurU; nui^h cuthuutij, iicwevcrT Have 
viinotiiMfit ■ IradenrT difvctly n|i}HiJun] In thmr iiutiticta. 
Th(a latler ft<1 ii^ woll esprnplifiod \>y Ihn I^k' of fffl/totir^ 
thAt IB. Ilie lair i>f Ibe opiiuoti of uur ^luitlft, and nol of 
nI] our mi]iifrvTii«^n. Thi* hn<iirh of 1hi< taw. i-tvn wbim 
the broach ia kn«»n to b* ?irictly Hci^rt/daiil with imi^ moml- 
Ut. ha* <•!»:''? many i mafi norv ngouy ihun a nwl cnmc. 
We Myxk^rnlw Ihe iBmc inflnmr.* in Ibr buniinjc irnw nf 
ohnmc tthirh mnit "f us ha>i' foil, ev^n Hfl**r th*' inlprvnl 
of xtart. uJifii laHin;; t<t mind i-^m*? fl€t'idr:ital Lreach of a 
trifling, ih<t\^a:^ fiwd, nile of fftiqoKle. Th*^ jmlpnni! i^f 
tbL* coinniunity will fferfrilly U' ^mdt^ by lomf tnd(* ^t- 
pen«n<v of tHint U IjwI in ihe ]nnf£ run for nil llii^ uitrnWrw; 
but ihU }\i<\srt>*^ni will nrd nnvly i»rr from ipn^ranw *nii 
WTOifc jn^wpm nf MV[i»iiifi;>. Hence Ihr MraHgwl custotiu 
fifw^ Hir^Tftiti^Tift, io cxvm^ttpti* opt^ofciti^Ti to IHp \inr *p!- 
farr aiul ha;iiiiin>*H of ninnltinfl, hnve hi-o-itn'' iill-T^nfferftll 
Ihrntijfhmil thf' world. Vk'v ^rf tbis in Ihr Virror f«d* hy a 
H*nd<.>o whr> bn4k« his ewtc. an'1 in many other e«eh ^h*-»«. 
It woijlil 1m' dilVn-ult lo diflinciiipih ^<^een ihr n^morw fell 
hy a llird«^r> who ha* ikM«l to ihe temputWi of eaiinjc 
unclean fnod, from tfint fHI affer Nimmittini: a th«ft; but 
ijbe former would profaab1> h^ tbo more acYcrt. 




How io many abfiird rules of conduct, a» well a« n^ many 
nhMirri rc'lijciixja bela-fc, lm\u originatoii, v*-*i 'in ii-jT kuow; 
nnr how it i* lliut fJ»ry Hhvi^ brfomr, In ull c|ii)irlrrii nf Ihi- 
worlds 60 deo|il> impn?«9*?(l on ih^ m\nt\ of inmi; but it U 
worthy of rcinurk llint a bclitl cuiieUiiiIIv iiLcuk-utc^d rturirg 
Ihi* purly yi'Hrfi of lifr, wliilnl tiu- liniiii is iiii|in*B*Jl]|''. n|i- 
pcare to acc|Uiro almonl thi» uiitEin* of ah irAtitii'1: an<i Iha 
vpry rwi^mr of nn intiliucl in Ihat it h followed indcptnd- 
pntiv nf rrtiKnn, Nc^ilKfT emt wir pny wliy r^irnin mlininihle 
virtues, tufh as Iho love of truth, art- iimcN nmrt highlj 
a|}prv(]6ii(^l by suine *avH^ tribes than hy others;" nor, 
a^in, why fiimilpr i!ifri'rt*m'e[i pn-viiil even aiiioiigitl lii^hly 
Civiliaod nnti<in8. Knowing; how firmly lixi>U nuiiiy t^trangc 
cubtoiua and 6iii)i-i'tilition» hrtvc becoiDc, wc n^'cn feci no 
•urpriiM* tlirtl Iho Btflf-ry^'iiriling virtues, supported as they 
arc by rnwntt, nhould nnw iif>|>i^ar to m^ »o iiriljnil as tu Ih* 
thiju^ht LonatL*. although they were nol valued by man in 
hii i*ar]y condition. 

Notwithstanding many sourcoF of doubt, man turn gt^n 
crally and ri-adily distlnj^uiali iM'lwfi'n Ihv ht^hr-v -ind lower 
moral puIob, llic hicher an? founded on thp ■jocinl inalinctBj 
and rchitc'to Ihc wflfnTi' of othi^nt- Thoy fire *uf>[iorttd by 
thi^ A[i[ini1in]iiii] of our re11<in-nu*ri »nd hy reniutn, Thi^ low^r 
niW. though Home <►! them when implying eelf-*acrifico 
hard!)' dowcrvc to hv cullvd lowrr rclutt chu^ily to m^lf, mid 
arisp fmm fiuhlic o[>ini«ii> iimlnn'd by r\[H'rii'rh'i* him\ taUi- 
vation; for thoy ar« not practised by rudo tribes. 

Aa man aavaiiL^e« in civiliMitioii, and txnaW tribu atp 
uniterl into tar^rr rnmmunitirji, tbi' *imph'fcr repiwin wtuiU] 
tell cneh indtvidiiat that he on^ht to extend ]\i» (social in- 
etincla and ay[n|»al]iies to all tht- mcmlH-T* of ihir satnr na- 
tion, though |ien*oii:illy uiiknowfi U> hiau Thi* point lu'ing 
once reached, there « only an artiJieinl barrier to prevent 
hia eynipathica extending to (lie mvu of a\\ ^jjlii:ma< aiul r^m. 
If. indeed, «uc-b men arvBef>arflk4t frnrn him by ^n^nX difTc-r- 
CQiH^ m appoflrunco or hnliitn, n^pnHenci? nnf<*rtanjilHy 
shew* n* how long it ir, l>ofor« wc Wk at Iheiii at our Tl-IUiw- 
crrMturi^H 8yin|Mtby Iwyond Ihe t'jrrfiiieK of man, Oijil ia, 
hunuLiiUy to (he Iowlt ummali^, sict^ini' to be one of the liitcvt 
moml acqmKitioni^p It i« spparcntlv nnfcU by aavai;-es ex* 
<«pt towgr^fl th'>ir y-ets, flow liltte the old Romans knew 
of it ifl ahown by their abhorrent tfladiatorial cjthibitionrt. 

4iCiW-l intftJtnf'M Mti uu'Hii ^t Mr uiMnUni- t» ibo Th*afjr of t^ttunl 
W«tl«n< in 'KrlPnUfl'' *»Hlmrff>.''Sj^pl. S*!ocliOD,' 1970. p. AM. 
!&» 14B|>, null niuEc fiiU/ m bk'C<ii- 



cjur, rr. 



'the wry ii!«a ot buni«uitjF, as Tir v I could nlmenw, waa 
m-w to QifAt uf ihv iJnuchm or tlir r>m|jAi. Thin virlui*« 
oac oJ th« noljlofll with which man xf eiidoveJ, iv^tiip U* 
Vtiv lUcJil^ulalK fi'oui i]Ur bj/iii^tliiea bei'iJiiiing nrntv t^titlvr 
and monf wiiltiy diirii*t*(l. unul tlitfj' ar* Mt*od«l to all 
»caikDt bcin^t. A* *at>n an Ihix virtue it honoured nnd pno- 

^tiwd bi »uiiiv few Liieii. it #pivadv thri^H^li iTifll]-ui:lKm and 
riuiiipltf \v tli(- }'i»un^, uud tvenlutilly bMoin^d moorporaivd 
Hi ptitlic opinion. 
The hiyJu-vt iics^ible f^*^* in moral rulhiiv i» whrn we 
rvcogniM Aac ve ouj^ht 1<i ei>ikfn>l our thi^iif^ht^. and *' not 
ibvcfi in tDnuwt thouirkt to think niniiii Uic -lin-i thnl tiiudi^ 
tiie |iliit no plmMLitt l<i lU."* " Whdti-ver niiiki-H may Ixid 
ictioa familial Ic ilip inind, rend^rv iU performance hj eo 
lascb th« ttAitr. As Mari-iie Aur^lJVJft long tgo euid^ " Bueh 
jn iin^ tii> hHbilUHl thoiLf^hlK, Muh aim will bn thr rhflnt-lt^r 
of thj" mmd; for the w-uil ia dvpd by the thoughts-'' " 

Our gnsa< jjliiloaophcT, BLitIxtI Sj>eiK.tT, hue roi«ul!> 
rXjJjiilH-d bin virttift (HJ ihr HlOMd ftVlW. Hr «iy»," ■* I bi»- 

IJpxf that Ihe <>i[.ir'n*^nc*'* <>f utility or^wniewl and t*ynfltili- 

it*^ thri>ii^-h aU j^ast ;^L-tJtrttlii>ns of t}ip htmiTiii nit-i". hate 

bwii )]rcxlni.-inic ri>rr»poniiii3jc nunlifirution*, rth»h- hy win- 

tioiiod tnknsiBi«fiJ>r and AiTUtnulafion, haro become in uii 

eerUiii facultira of mural inlujliuu — ifHaiii emolioiis re- 

■pundtDfiE 111 ntfht and nrong ciarduot, whirh h^vt* no ■■J[>p*r- 

ont busia in the individual expcnenccp of uiility/' Thrro 

m uol ibe lr*al iiiliPn-Hf iTiiiirolialiility. a.* it m*iilh tu uie. 

in viriucju* tondpncLM \iv\nn mow or lost strontfly inhtTiTed; 

r, not to meittioii Ihr varimi^ diBpfiPHJtii>rg and litibitsi trans- 

ittt^ by niuijy of fmi~ dl»lnr'^].K^ HriiiLLJiln to ttirir utTaiiriiijti;. 

1 biiv hu«rd of aiilhi-nt]i- ta*"; in whkh u diwjro to lUnl atid 

a i*ndc«icT In lie* oppeaK-^l to inn in faniiUoi^ of the ufiper 

raitk^: ii>d as ^tfaliiLf; i^ h rare c-riintf in the wnalthv dtir^^-^, 

w* ^n lurdty a^-wmci by uctidc-ntul eoincidtia^i' fur Ibo 

tendency oecurrinK iu two or three memher* of the Mme 

frnmily- If liad Ivndeneiea are Inn^iuilted, it h pnthblile 

that ^od oii4« £r« liki^wiBfr trtiumitu-d. *rhut the tXatv of 

tJifr body Ly afFet^tii^j; the brain, ha^ prent infliieni^r rtn the 

iiHinl t^ndraeiPA in known ^o rrott of th^i^p vho have niif- 

1 fn>m «hh>nie deraii>:eim^ntjj uf the difreEtji^n or |]^'@^ 

he s^mc £nct ia likeiripc iihewn by the " pcrrerfion or de- 

« ' riM Tlicufflm of Ujc Ki4|>e«tfr <■ U^umv Mr, HUl Tn Buirj't' Mcn- 
II- AuralitoAatooiiiiHit'Et^-tninvLit-, tel and Moral Aaiuoc,' 1»CJ|, p, 7U& 

\WS ** '^ 

the earliest 

insanity is no- 

principle of 

^''*'Kv"'irtUn"'!N>»'t'«' tranamiflsion of virtuoue tendencies 

'u\ \,. .1 ii"*-'!''« a^^BtaTice to the primary impulse 

* ■ ' .rllv ""*1 indirectly from the Bocial instincts. 

us tendencicB are in- 

anch caacH as chastity, 

. c-j that they become 

li^nntl nil Ihii nu-ntal organization through habit, in- 

A iVilhnu f..r ^» Moment that virtuous 

(; ' V .MM|.^""«H>r^'>'»^*»l*'^^t*«>ftinBu. 

, - v, U^ ">ty t.. animals, &c., 

. \* .k.nI nil Mul nu-ntal orsfanizatioi 

.„., „ U'A li'-t III tin- KtMi>fKlcfor hfe. My chief source 

,^f MnuM Milli ("'""["^''l *>' n"y f^^ii'li inheritance, is that sense- 
|iiHK< iM'iliim"- ""|i"'i"1iii<'nK. iind tastes, such as the horror 

^^f It Mimf'"i fm ^h^in fii'ul. ou>rht on the same principle 

1^, \h. I kithliol I tinvr iiol met with any evidence in 

mHIM'"'^ mT 11"^ hmmnilMilMh nT HU|H'rHUtious cu^loiiis or aense- 
lltMH li*((flli^ ♦i)llii'M/ih III ilnrlf it If fHThiips not loss probable 
ititHi I*'"' **>*li*>«l" "\it'M iiripiiri' inhcriled tastes for cer- 
I II hi l>ii^il" "T fiMhl Mr rmr nf rrrtniu fm*H. 

I'ltiidl^ ill 'fd irihlini'lKt wliiih no ilouhl were ac- 

iiMH^d liv Hmii iii« liv lhi> Lkurr niiiiiuiU for llio ^ooil of the 
i.tiliiMi"'i^l ^' ^^ ^" r^i'Mi Mir iiiHl luivi' ^ivoii to liLin some wish 
t ,1 »tlil l>l^' tl )l>k>i II. nniin^ Tiii'ljii^ itf M'lnjmlliy. hiuI have com- 
Lfi^lliii III Ml !>■ M'jikuil tlii'jr u|i|ii'ii^iilton nnd dir^approliiition. 

tfiitff 110^^1 "ill liii\'' Mrrvi^d him ill a very enrly period 

ilii ii MiJii Mill' nf iU')il 'U^d HToii;:. Hut iifi iMOii ^Tiuluiilly 
itiluiKi hI Ih Hiii'Mi'i iiiiil [>MWi>i\ nnd wufi mnhli-d to tniec llie 

lHHii' i*^<*mh' nni"('i|m'i H oT his lUlinns; nn he acfiuired t'wi- 

\\\\i'\^\ l\U'»\r'U"' l^> h^JiTJ biiucrMl cuslomH am) superati- 
|liai>*< n" \y*' ti^jiiiiili^kl iMnnt and more, not only the welfare, 
\i\\\ ll*i' hhn|iN^i"'" of Itin fi'Uow-nien; nw from ludiil, follow- 
\ti^\ oh lii'tu^llMul i^t |hkttiiiiri\ iiirili'uc-lion and example, his 
^\ in\"i\Uu^i' \wln^\n^ umvv \v\M\vr and widely iliffused, ex- 

titltdiofi li^ I id idl iKirn, to thi< iinhccih>, muimed, and 

tiHo t o-ii'K'"" mi^hd^rin nt Kudelv^ mid flnnlly to the lower 
Hliun^Ut "*^ Moidd hio hlimdani of his morality rise higher 

• hUti<M«.i / lL,kl) iiihlMllia,'lB70.p. (JO. 

Di^l ir-] 


(***». IV, 



liifthor. Afid it ii admittwl b^T luumliiU ot Uio «lmvD- 
'T MiiuMfi And by AOinn inhJittornHM. UiaI Ihr ^nffliidAn] of 
inonililj biiH HM-D >ijiii'r ikit vArlv jieritu] in Ihf lii^l-'ry of 

Aa a )htni|!i£lr rasj fomctinKn Ijc mnm i;oii>£ on btlwecn 
IP viiHouii iriiiinHit nf llir bivri'r nn^nknU. it iv not Kiii'j>riN- 
tluil Ih^rv th<f 111*! be » Atru^k' in nian b^U'wn Lia social 
ijjt'tB, willi tbeii tltriiwi virtum, ami Iub l^rttcr, iIujurU 
rinii-tjUhlv rtrv>n^r liiipulN-f or iJcitir***- ThiK, mm Mr. 
Ulton ^ iio? r^in<irkf<d, ii^ All thf- l(«e s^r^mitt^, fl« man bus 
tierg«{ (rciui A ftAte i>f Lmrbaruin nittiin a ci^ingiamlivrly 
tent j»erio<!. Aftvx huviiij- yivltl«U to iome icuiiimtiou 
feci a f^ciLAi' nf <iifBUitiiifnHLoii, Bhamt^ rrT^rtitniioo, vr tc- 
trrie. aiiubj;!>jiJt lo llir fiTTiiit'^ cfltiMtl by otTiei puwt^rful 
iih'14 or Oivrri*!, u'hi'n K^H uc^lulk'NJ ^r baulk?>ij. We 
llDlotc thr wp^kr^niHi irii^kiwioti of il ynri tcmTitfltiou wKh 
■vi'T piVMinl AT)* j«1 iiD^iinrcn, or wilh hnbitit. ^iiiiiprl in 
irN- voiitb flni siren L'tlit'ii^ dwiiiig "nr ivliolt? hvpi, until 
tlicj Iiiiu: bvcumr ulinoft ttu fltT*jnf: as LuslmL'ra. 1/ with 
IP t till pf a I inn fttill brfon* lu wr tU* ual vii^lcl, it Ik Ih-itjuw 
ilw social instmct or some riHU>m*i^ nt tb? mnm(*i3t 
laiEiinant. <'t Ix-rflBm* nc Lttt« Itftrul thaf tt viU ajipoar 
UK hurt^jift^r ihr strm^^T, «b«n riaii|m>n.l wilb tbi- uxiik- 
^nf j iti fir^^^i I )ii^ Iff llie tcn>plfltinn, nnd Wf rcnlifuc Ihat itri 
&o]a[]iJ|] fhijuUI ULUH* UA biia^viaji. Lfookiu;; t^ futuxi^ g^a- 
~i-rjiUiMt», ibi'fv }* ]>»> rjinw* lo fiTir thuX ihv HU'inl indindu 
vi)l ni'ciw «<*t''r, nrd wr nmy *iyM*ct tbnl virtuons Imbils 
ttiU ijr-iw *tn<uj;'.-r, breominj: ic.'ilrai*? fin'd lij ijihivilaiut'u, 
Jti Ibi^ t*»4i* ilii- hiriij'j^k- WiwcL-n utir liinbrr and K^wlt iiii* 
|nldv« uill U.' Utu M vi-re, juid viHuc iriU T>c UiumpbAiil^ 

Svmnortf »>/ fhe lust ttuti Vhnplfrt. — Tht-w cm bt no 
»iil>t IW |]|< ilifTrrvm-r- Lf^worn the minil of tbcr lowrot 

II «ii*l tli4it of Ibr iii>!ln^[ nnintJil i^^ inm"nt**. An an- 
iri;|H>m»T^il)one /ip**, if In- t'-folil inU' a lb^Jnlh*^^^^no^^■ vu'W 

hi£ ovu cnM-, Would niLniit tbiil tbtm^li bi^ luuld form 

artful pliii) lo pititidpr n j-^inWii- — Ibntij^b li^^ roiild iiiu' 

inr* inr \ieUt*nji ^r f<*r tjrt.'akiii^ opf» nuts, y^t llint ih* 

loughl t)f faflliioninif a riuiic inlu A ti»l wjui quite hvyauA 

iw ' r July, l«*^ p '.lih, w*il] r»- rnlit*f> tv<»iu>.' nrt», p Mfc Thi- 
Mv«l*/ «>l. 1. (^^ 1«4i Hviu to k (nvrn Ti^ttit «inJ wtmje- 

" ' .<lt«iaM ODHIckE* lIitffDDCL. 




hi* wr>p*_ Still Irw, IK hi* u-«uM Ailmll, tvmlil h' follow 
cul a troiD f^f mctapliyf'irsi n'oeoniik^, or edv-* o nialht?- 
mHlical jiriibUm, oi- rtflrtt vn iM. or 4<l>iui'e a ffntni] iialu- 
nil *t^ifinv ScjrH*- ILJJVW- liowt-vor, vrjulJ |iroW>]y ilwlurt' thai 
thfv couM nml (f^l Miniirr Ihc hcniilv of th<^ ojl'^'ur*:!! *kiti 
uiid fur cjf tlii'ir ^larlui^i'Ji in iiiurim^-. Thi?y tMHild dJiiiit. 
tlml Ihou^h rliL^y 04>u1d lEiuke otfirT n^tL-fi tiudervUwd by cHi.'S 
som*' nf their in'-.nvption? und 3i»i[ilfr ^viitLl^, iht? notion <if 
pxp]r)<^in^' flfllitil^ Mpflfi by ilfflriti- wfiiriiU hfltl ni-vt-r crrrtwi.! 
their iiithijit The\ niiji^ln insiht thai thEry nifiv ready to aid 
Ihrir Ft-ltow-ap(v of thr name ttviiip m riuiDy wayj, tn rtak 
Ihrir \'}vfK For iln'tn, niiil in foiki- 4'hnrp* nf tljoir i>r|ihim*; 
but th«*y wi^nld be f«r<*d la avknowlwlg*? ll»ut dipint^reMed 
law for Jill living,* i-fcali^r«, lliu most miLIc ulthbutc of 
mill], UHn i]iiLtr bi-yiind Ihcir ciiiiipn-hriMJoii- 

NpVi^rtbole's Ibo difference m inmd Ihctwoon mnn and 
live liifc'bei" aiiriiidiN ^real a* it la. rejtaiiily is uiif of Jt^-iee 
iind not ijf MiLtf Wc hnvp i«-i-n tlml llir «*ns<'f* nml mJui- 
liorif, ihe vorioiift v'liK'tion* and fncult^^ff, mich a^ lc\o, mem- 
ory, flttciilum. trurioHilv, imitaliou. reasou. &e., of wliiclk 
nmo t>opiU, iiiiiy U- found in mi incipictnt, or vicn luiinetimVA 
in n voil'dtveloped eondilion, in fhe lower aciniab. 'Vhcy 
ttrt mini iiiiolIiIi' nf nmir iiibi-rili^l ii[i|m)*tritK^iit, n^ fti- we 
IB th« dom^lic d'*j; fom^Jrircd vilh tht* woU or jat'kal. If 
it could \te iJiuved thfll (vrLkLit bi^b iiw-itlul pouciy, autrh 
an the fnnimlicj*! nf jfcnrrjil c'onf'p|>l5, nirH-oriKi'iotHneHK, 
*o,. were ob*ol»iklv iJ'vnliar Xo mnn, whirh ArMnj! ,'VlrrmHy 
itcniblfiLl. it \n lud LrTi|M^>Wilr ihai tlieae ijuulitie^ aiv tiiii'rely 
fli* iiioidpntJil wiHolti: of olhrr hiirbly-ntlvaiuA-d inUlk-etugt 
fat-ulli^: and ihcft airain ntainly the N-^ult of the contin- 
ijril 11T4' nf a jn-rfKl taii^uiiK^. At »bal a^^ dtw» tlie new- 
hiym infant jift^scfr tbo power nf abidraclinn, or boet^UH' nt^t* 
ironicion»« nnd rofl*x*t on iU i>wn existence? We rnnnol 
aTWtter: Tt<»r ran up khhuit in rrv^irtl lu ihi* HHi^^ndiit^ or- 
^iinic^ mvL-. T1ii> ItaK'Urt. half'tiis'tiiict of Imi^nui^i^ ^tiH 
hvaTf< thr ^t^inj) fif lIh enidiisl <'v»lDtioii- The ennublin;; 
Ih^lli'f in fi'id iH nnt nv^lvfr^l with innn: nnd th<* lu-lirf in 
fl^nnln^il U)^^n<^n<J nrifurLiliy fnlLtnci fr>m 4 4 her mental 
jh>wfr5, Thi* nK*Tii| *^iw |x-rl^iu|iB' filTotds (tic br-t nncT luuh- 
fM dinlinrtion bctveen man s\nd fhp lowi'r anfiimliii IjuI I 
iieetl say autbiiiji! 011 Oiit- heud. uh I have bo lately ondeflr- 
»urn1 lo idiew thni Uir nwu\ iii-ttlncLH* — tbi? (>riiiic princi- 
ple af tnarr* iiioril r*>nfllit»tiou '* — utilh the aid at au^liw 


ta-IlKTbviiflitAOf Mofcun Aiir«tliA'A&.p, U>- 

vP, V. 



int4>IIffr1u4l powrm nnd thr* ofTortft ai habiU Dattinilty km) 
tu the golddi rulv. " Ac yv a'i>iiIij that im-i^ i^houlcl do to )mj, 
do yi* to llu'in likvuriA^;" unci tItU hv* it tb(» fcundaiioD ol 

Id Llie neil i^bA|jk-r I »hatl luakv uiptf fpv n>TiiNrVA r>[i 
Ihe probable aiojit anj mt^ftru! by wliicli Ihfl iw»v**r4l lucntal 
Aiiil mamJ fnn^uhKn of mnn hftvr boon ^railuultv t-volv4s]. 
Tlml Mich e^ijluliorj i^ nt l^a^E |>i»<«ii)i]f-. i^uj^hi noi io U^ 
d«ni«d. for «* dailj «t- Ibi^wi' rac-ullm ilcvfllopin); in ovpry 
infAQt: flpil wr may ttmr li [)OTf^Lt ^rai)ati>^u froui tbe iiiiud 
of nn niter m]mi<v loukiT limn Ikat at an mufiml lirW in Ihu 
ecikl^, to ihe QUod of a Newton. 



AdftikAiiutNul kjf Hi* iauJlwltuiS, loHan tlif<Ji]^i bjtlural Btttctiim - Emj->rtBD» 
itl miiiitmii— ^fcl•J Hid in<"»l furUkU'* '(iirJt 4t»<^n|anMIT ulrttii Utr 
liniiwur iltv B«ULe (F^U.' Nbluinl tdvL-Uuu lu «lT«cUu^ tif [livd DMJUii' 

TnR mjbjVbi Lo be di«ruw(\l in thijt chapter arc of the 
li}gh<^T infenvt. hnt tttf tn^to^ by me in nn impprf^^oi Aitd 
froffiriviJliiry inunilt-T Mr \Va!1aot'. in an ndniiniblo ^nit^cr 
befoic tcU'vTvd W aficiivfl *Uni mnn. after be bad |>4irtiu!ly 
acfjuir^il thoSP intMleHnni imd nbnrnl f^K-idtiei^ ^vllirb difi- 
tln^xti^b bini fnvm Iht' [o^tr auiiiKiIrt. u'oitid hvM* boon but 
little liablt* l»:i boilily nmilifrAtionn lbr4tii}cb iiatnnil Tteli-tUan 
OT Jin^ otbisr moa&ft. Per man vt onflbti^d thrrfrn^b biJ hh'wIbI 
faniltifii ** Ift k^*p irith an nnc'htnirt^l bodv m hannonv with 
tbp '■hanging nnfvrrHP** llo hut lermt funtrr at sduplinfE 
Jiie babilf to ii^ir «indilitJf^p of life. H« inrenU a^npooR. 
tfioK nnd various iitraln^inin lii iictjcurtf foori find to dofvnd 
him^f ^VhtT ho mi^^rati**: inlci ji rnldtT tllmnl*' b*- utv^ 
clotbt-s bnild< pbt^lii. oini Tri^k*^ lir^; and bv Iho nid of fiTi> 
iooki fiKjd irUirrwifi- iridivr*tililf Hi- aids hie ftllon-mcn 
in manj' wni-R, «nd iiri|i<-L[iAti>«« futiirt i-vcntii- Kvi*n at 4 r«- 
mote ixrimf hv practUod »om« divi^tou of Inbotir. 


• ' AUlkfOp>l(«i<«l bvit*; kU^, UM, f. 4trIlL 



PiVf I. 

Tbo low«r animals. <fn Ilit* otJior Uartd, niu^ have thifir 
hodily stnjcturc uiodilUd in ovtUt l^i survive imtlt-n" givotly 
rhaii^'i^J i-ixniiiiionn. Tht-y »»li»( V remkn-d hlrongrr, or 
Aoquiro luurL* <rlti'otiv« f«elh or olawA, for Oi>fi?n«e RgaiD«T 
ncfl' (Ttn"injcn; or they muflt In? rcdut^ni io size. »□ aa to e»ui|ip 
detflHif^H mid ■Ijiiii.'i'r, Wlnni rhi-y iiH>rmi<- inifi ii cnlilnr 
I'liinnlt, iUvy iiiuel V^C'omi? clothed wilh Ihioki^r fur, or have 
tlirit (sunlit III ioniK nltcn^I. If tliry fnil Ei> It- fliu^ mudiiipJ* 
tlicy will d'Asr" l<i ptiBl. 

The case, howerer. ie widely differont, iw Mr \\^olls<^ 
hiiA rtiMi JLi:<|]<T insi^trfll. ill jtklj<JU Lo llit* iulellri'Iutfl and 
iroml fiirijhii'* of mnti. Thwip fui'ullir* iin- vnriahU-: luid 
wc hflTO every rvaeon ti> believe tlial tito varintionH tend to 
be iuheriltd^ Tlieri-r<in*, if iliL'v nrri- lon^n'rly iti liigli iui' 

fior^tncv to priiiu'i^al man nnd lo hU Li|R'-lLk4> prr>^-<riiiloTi, 
hey would lieve been perf(tl*d or advourcd lhrc>ni:!i nrtturul 
«tii.<i<noii. nf llii' [iiLrli iriLjKirlaiK't' <if Ihi- inU-IWlual farid^ 
tk¥ [bt-rt* can In- no doubl, fur niun majnly ^>ni'» lo ilK-m hifc 
prnMrninnnt pontlou in the world, AVe cdu scr, that in tho 
rudi^it *Tnte ot hkiKv, tIu* iuilividuMln wlm «i^ri' th^- iimiii 
fc^^-afiuUH, who mvL-riU<d and uavd lh<" bunl MfiiiMHis or tf'U|^, 
and who wcm br*t aide (<> d'^'fr^nd l!i»'iii^'|vf*fi. wmtld rraf the 
jfr^-Htril finnd)i>r of rdTiiiiring Tl*** tHhe*^, nhich inHm!*<d 
the ]ar)><«t number ol iik*u thtits t-jidowiiL w^M jni-TvuBe in 
uuiuljt^r and nitpplant a1hf^r lril>n, Nuuihers dr^H-iid |iri- 
oinrily otj thr monriG if tnhaUXt^c*', anA thit di^nda partly 
on the pHjrrieal nature of the country, but in a ruuc^li hi^luT 
degree on the uHh which iff IhiTfr pTOilisni. A* a Iribr 
int'rt'iiM-* and k vU'lorion*^ il ik ofirn *till fntlhor ircr^sMd 
hy tl»p flUorption r<f other tn'h*«,' The BlnLuii^ aiul j^tri-:i;:th 
of ihe men of a Inlie ure hktwidt i>f luotm- imiiorlniur fnr 
it« m«eeH, and lho»i^ depend in rmrl on th^ natnri- hth] 
amuuikt of tlu' food which e*n be oWiiit'd. In Kuruj^f the 
awn of lUt' ItrouKi" jteriod were viipEt!»oti-Ll lii h nu-v niort- 
notr#Hii1. and. judpn^^ from Iheir f^vord-hflndhu, nth 
larger handii:' but their (Oiecew was probaUy etitl mow 
due tu 1hi-ir «upi*norilT in th« arts 

All thftt tte Imow about tovjipiTi. »>r Jnay infer from thdr 
IraditionA and from old monunient*, Uir li't'tnr.'* of w^M:^ 
iH i|oite fcirgol(f*n by Ihe pretent inliAbitftiile, h|i*hw lliJit 
fron:i th«> remoteet times euoeeazifut iribis huvc bupplantt-d 


Lttr; 1101, 1^ t|]>. tUi 

t VorlLiT, 'fide Vud. Sa N«L* tlK^ 

cuh V. 



oUicr Irilx^-v. Kclim uf «'>1jdc4 or for^otli:!! tnU« Itdv^r btfcu 
tiisrovvn'd tlimuah«ut ihr ciitduM] r»»>n*>nK (if llir miih, 
[jn tic T*iM j'laiiifl of Amrrkfl, erul oji llio i«Jnt.'tl u^lnniift 
iri tlie I'doifW Uivni:. AI clii^ pj>?4^iiL \\u\ riiiliwd jinIiuuH 
arw I'VutivlLcrc *u|>|>|jiiLliii;£ tmrluirutiv tiutinii*, t-it'tpUcg 
uht^re Iho chnuitc v|»p^>6oi* a flco'lly liiiTrik.^r; and ikn-y ftiio- 
i.yvi\ nmlr)1)> tljiiit/li iml t'XcUihiwIy* Uirim^U Ihi^ir url^ 
Mhi<:li <kh> tht proJtK'U of the mtelbei^ Ii ii, Ui«rcforv, 
fnghly firobibli* iJuit with mnnkind the intcllniiuiL fariil- 
;if# huiv Ui'n mnirtly Jtij^J ^riiilu«ll_v tnTfi-H*'-] ihrni^h thiLii- 
rai jteje<rtj<in: tind Uit^ coctdujiori i^ ^flki^nl for our fitir- 
|wae^ rnd<>ubU'(]l,v it would bi^ inlrrv^lmif tti Inicr the tlr- 
rrln|jmriit of (<iit-li ta-^aimu^ Tnt^iiliy from th<> Ntjitr in whirli 
it ^li^td in \hi* l«>nvi sniJiiutn to chal m which lI eAialcf in 
rmiii; Utt titftther my ability uqt ktnyir\vdgv \icvtaiin thc^ iit- 

It ile;«TVee Doticcr that, as »rxH] u Uk- proccuitorb of 
uiaii twt^iGC fofinl (ni^d thi» [irobaMv occurivij nt ii tnj 

porU'^Ticv voiiM httvc' iit<-reoH<i, nnd niudi tnodifli^ th» id- 
Iiflltitiinl ii'mrr* m u way, tif hbiph wi* wp ofily tmrri in 
Ihtf lLiin'«r aninijilhi, Ap<^ aiv iniioh jilvn t'J miitalion, bb 
are llie Iimri^l navuytb: and tin.- Hiin|.jit' fact prei i^jtirly it- 
fi-rrci! io, thjil "flrr n litni- mi ■riiiml run U* luicv'ht tn ihe 
Aflme |>lnci^ by l^*> fanit' 8orl «f Imp, hlicvt? Uut antnL^U Warn 
by eiprrK-iiCP, Atnl imilatr Ihr- r/Lulimi iif olhur;*, K*iu, if 
HO]it<r iin«» miin in % Iriln*, mtifft )Ui)fA<^iciUfl tlifln th« othii-r«, in- 
ventod a mvr ^luirv i>r vrapon, or ^thcr meaii^ i>f aMAck or 
def^'jiiT', tin? filnifii-il nr^irinli^nnl* wilbout tbc wmialiiULV <if 
mvfb rtwtrinin|C pf-u-nr, irontd |>n>nipt (*;# ftthor momhpr* 
To imiUft^ liim; arK] rjil wxild iho^ (irtifiL Th^^ babituat 

firncliiv nf r«'4i iit'U iirt intitit likru-i.-M- in hjitii' ilt^hT d^^^ree 
flrt'li^li^rii the inli'il<"<!- If Uk* ni*w imT-ntirn ncir ar im- 
p>»rtAn1 (>rkc> th<- tntx' M'tiild innTd»(> in Diiuiber, i^preud, and 
Kiipplnnl otbfriril*8. In a triV thus ivndored mor? njiiot-r- 
'iu^ IhiTt would nlv^nyn In.' a mlbcr jr^vatrr rhnncc of tbi^ 
Urth of nthfT m|ipriftr and invcnlivi* moialKT!*, If wicb 
mt-n l**fi HiiWjvh lo irb><rit lhi?lr nipninl sti^ priori ly, (hi* 
chaiic^ of (III* birth of -<li1l niorv i&j;EM>iou? tTiC'ii)l>cTt would 
Ik* winc^hjil ItfUer, niid tn ■ rrrj miiaII fri^ir dj^idi-dly 
hpXtPT. Kv^m if Tbpy l^fl no rbiidrf»». ihc Tribe wfudd elill 
inclti'li* their blrod-nOuljori^; jimI it )%Hi Ihwii adrprluini'd 
by HfcrimUurj4jt ■ Ibut by jini«?rvijiH «od brvi'dm*; fmm thr 




?*KI L 

fuiiiilv of an imiiTifll, whii'-h when Hljuiehtrrrfi wji5 fouii<l 
lo bt iflh^lili.', (hi: <ir*ircil cliaroctff liub been i>ljtaLne>], 

Turuioi,' noir to lb« etx^ial and innml Eocultif^. In order 
tKil iiniiievAl nifii, <ir lln- ji]H-'1ikr |ini]^i-uitorft of niiin, 
ehoula berftii^p »<Mtinl, th*y JnHl^l liav^ ao^iiired the Miueiii' 
£tim1ivc ft^elint'B. wliidi tm\»r] other jtuinmln to Mvti in a 
E>u4ly; Htiil |]ii7 no duubt fxhiU(M IIl4^ fiiuw g;4-ni'rjl iIik' 
position, Thpy would hnvi^ frit nfimoy wh^n separated from 
tbi'ir conir8dc»« for wKotii lli^^ \vuuld imvir fdt m'Iui^ ilt-^rL-ir- 
of Li^L-; Ihey would liHie u-tiritnl tjiili nllirr of dait^ir^ ind 
littVL' ^ivtii mutual nul in attiioL or dcf(7ii<'C^ All ihh hu\thvi^ 
n^mr di'iatT of *T]n|iathy, fidolHv, and courajje. Such Kcnal 
ijunliti**-, \hi> paranirtiint rni|xirlaiUL' of whii^h (o llii? Uwvr 
uiuiiialfi IP dift|»uttHl li_v DO oiiCt w^rrc no dmiht arqnijfd by 
IJir |iiiit:rnitoni of man in a Hiniilar nmnni?<r. riiunily, Itinm^li 
naiurnl ^el^^cnrn, Atd^ by irthertt'^d habU- Wtu-u Iwo tnb^K 
of pnm«vBl man, Uvmjc in tht umc country, cfimc into 
c(impotirir>[), if (otlirr cIiviiinAtiinvr^ Ix^ing H|uan tlip on* 
ttW^ iiK'li]di>d n ur^t number of oourat^oous. aympattioUc 
und r«ilhful m<:mljci'fl, wJio ft-rir fllnnTn ready lo Viirn narh 
oHuT of dHnp**r, fo a'u] nmJ d^^frnd pjicIi nthrr, ihU iHIm' 
wouJil dtiot'tjfxi boltvrand uoT»<|Urrfhf olJivr Irf! it Vv bonio 
in Kiirjil !ion nl!-imjHirlH:it in Uie nt'Vrr-craj^iiifc' warn of mv- 
sj^pj, lldolity snd i^Miragp ninat W. Tin- iidvuntiLgf whic^h 
iIiB<'iph]i'-'d r(olilii.TA bAvi- oior umiitfciplmod hord^t fullnwe 
fhii'fly fnmi thr oonfdi-nci' wliii'li i-jidi nuin ftrU iu hia 
comradoA, 0*»cs]i*i)fe, ne Mr. Bfifr^htit Ham well nhuwn,* Ia 
of thtf TiLflM-rtt rdlui.% for any form of govommcot ]« bctlt^r 
than nnni^, SpIRkIi and rontnitious fifojile will not coherv. 
and witlioiTl eolji-wnk?!* nothmif «in bo cffocltni, A trib* 
rirli in Ihr nlnivr i^ualilirv would ti}>ri*ad and be vitioriouft 
i>ver nthpp inlMSt hut in llir cimrn' of lim^ ir MOuld. jitdg- 
injt from all i>aet Jiiftiorv, V<? in IH turn ovprtomc by ttom« 
othi-r IrJhr Mill nurri^ hitfHly *iidiyifed. Thu* the *0<:ial 
and mnnil quAlitict woukl tind »lowly 1o advance and be 
diffiiffNl Uirnugbont the woHdn 

But it muy Ix- Jkiknl. bnv uitbiii llic limits of lli^ namr 
Iribi' tltd n Urtp* niimlHT of m^mb^rv firtt beoonie endoai-d 
with tUwe Miciat and moral (tnnUtic^, nnd how was lla' nland- 
ar<! of pii^lb^inv t«iit*d? t1 \h H^lremi-ly <l<iuhtful AvbHhtrr 
\hvi olTiifrinf; of th« more vyuipulh^tic And ben«Toknt par- 
ts™ 4 iTinBrV*Merefir"'/#nlcl« l****; July 1, IMB, ■ifioa MPWiulfl 

Phv>imu4 l'«1Iti».* Enth* * rift- pDbUthod. 

ttr Kvrlcv; :r«ir. IMT; April 1, 

CmU, v. 



eutfy <>r of tho4« who wrn> tlit* mneti riiflifii! to thfir e'irn- 
ndf4, vi^uUl be rv>Arr4 jn j[T«atcr nurnVn tlinn Uli' fhJHn'ti 
nf eelHuh himI Infuiirrf^uv pureiiU lieluu^jag to iLe nnm^ 
thiw. n« who tm rviLdv to Hlc-^tlil-■t^ hia life, a« iiiad> h 
■■n^ bu been, rather than Wlray hU (Ml1lrn(I(^^ nonl<] 
<ifti*ti Imvi* lui uirsprLii^ !■■ iiilienl luh ik'TA' ndliire, TIec 
hravofit mrn, whii w^n- ii!wA\'!t utklkr^ to <'fJiHf 1** ihi* fruni 
in war, dn<! ^ho fivcly riiik^'^l Ihrir h^cii for oihfn*, ^vculd 
oti tin iiit'rri^-4' jirnsh in ljr;;*'r rumWr* \h>t\\ i-ihcr mrii 
Th^^ivforn it linHtf i^-v-tuv |iru>iflMi^, lli-it th* nunibpr i»f in*n 
^if!^d witli «kIi vjrtuw, i-r Ihut tht fUuuhnl of thL-ir ci- 

«, by the «urviviil nf Ih* flttuirl; for vtv ir^ iiol h*ru ^jioalc* 
inp of one Iribo btiog vK-(i>rioTi» over annlhcr. 

Although the cirLiirntiTamva, lefl<3m|E t** an incrwwp in 
Ihc numW of tho«ii? ihur- ondowtd tuitlun llie mnw ink*, 
ore too complex to br ricnrlv frillr^wrd out, w (tiii trnrc! 
ftom? of the pro^sMi" <^pA In ih^ fw^t i^ni^**. ns thF> ppa^inn- 
ini: poutrrsiind fop*»Bi^ht o( thi: mumtfrnv ^jultiiiil- iiii|ircjvuj, 
wii^h nwn wnulil Mkon kjini tW if he Bhtrtl hi* frllow-mrn, 
he wonld commonly Kc^ive aii-l in reiiiro. From IhiH l?n' 
motive lie mij^lil Ji^quir^ the hotMl of nidmj; hU fL'IWn; 
nnil Ibr hnbit <if pi^rforruin^ liciicvolcnl jrtioni^ c'^tUjiiIj 
jtfrniTth^ris ih4* f^t-Tin^' of «7mj»alhv vhic'h gix^% Iho fir*l 
iTDpulw t<* U'lJL'vok'tiT inLtr»n*. llntiits. morto\Tr. followed 
during; duiiiv ^^rniTntioris pn^imMy I»'tk1 tn }»• iTfclii'riti'<!, 

Bnt iinothc-f iioH nnn'h mr*ri? iniJMtTfiil PliiriuUtr to tli« 
dcvH''4inn!iL| tit tbc wxjrtl virliitn. is jiirorrlrd by ihr pr/iinci 
Aiid tlir liUmi' I'f (Hir frltow»tm»ii- To IIip tor^linrl nf flym- 

Cilbr, HE wr hsvo sln^iiy *roTj, it ie pnmanly due, thdt wu 
nbitiintly beel'jft both ynthe And bluinc nn c*thciii, wliil&l 
Ht li»Vf fliT* foritirr riml duwJ tbr Utl^r whpn epplied to our- 
■^Jf«»; and lh» imtinct nn ftouM u^h ori^imil]y acqiitred, 
lik« aU th^ oth«- social iuattnHs, tlimiiifb n^iLunil wlivtinn. 
At lio« early A period ihv progrrilnrs of man ir the oouive 
of their Jorelopmijnt, became capobk^ of fcrlin^ nnd bring 
impclkd by» tbc pfai&c or blamr of tln*ir frMi>w-i'n5»hirf^. 
wr fTAcirnt of courio »jy- Iliil it apprnr* Ihjit ev^-n dngg 
3ppn<iflto tTHxniniffcnKnl. prniei', and blwixkr. Thr nulrjt 
Mr.iifr* frcl the wuliiUL-nt of ;?Uiry. jt,* (h*'y i-l*'nrU «Im>w 
tiT pTn*<jrvm;f Ibe tiiiphics of lhi*ir nrowtvn, bv lh>>ir hubit 
of DXC«t«xve hftanlir^, nnd even by llitf extrvnic cnrc wliich 
they l*ki» of Ihnr TH-r>uM^il a[>|)e»ntm'p "thI dci'cuTilinns: for 
tinl«i» thev rt^-anlvd the o;union of their comnidce, auch 
habile ^^*ild bi w^nwlcw. 




Part L 

Thoy certoinly fovl ^huinc nt Uicr broach of »omc of lh<'ir 
loMtr ru!vi<r ntii] jii>|niri-iitly rcmc^rMv ocv >lic-wn hy lliir (.ase 
of th^ AifVti^hfln vhi> grt>\r ihin unci i^otiM nol ri^^t (rinii 
Eifiving ddavod to inurdo' dome other wun^o. ^ fle to ^- 
pitiale liift tfta*! wifi-'n ?*|nril.. Tli"iii^li I haw imi mi?t with 
nvy othvr recorded cum*, it in firitrc^ly ttvdiMo iliul n tavBf^, 
whti wiU HiiTJftcc hh liff rfltV<T Ifinn In-tmy his Iribr, or otio 
u'lii) will dflivi-r IiitiiK'if V}' itt< h pri»»ii(-r rulLi^r Uljiq biedk 
JLU pruti^" vuuld anX tvfi rviuurew iii his mnic^t ioul, if ho 
liii(] fnili-il m A diitVi ^vhich lir hcirl Mt^fi-ii^ 

\Vi> iria> therrfon- ruiiHndr lha\ j>niii*\jil Hinn. nt » 
vcTV roniole iieriod, ^as inrtiii'ncvd by tlu- inaihio an^l Mftine 
of Flip fdlow*. It jfl (*bv»tu[i, ttint Ihu nn^rnVni of \hv name 
lnlj(< would ii])]iriivp nf cnndiKt wFiiih ujifiLijiiil eo LImju 
tf> U' f<>r thp {T^ncral pood, and would ri'iiroWtp thnl which 
appeartd evd. To do pood imt(> ijthen»^to Uif unlu othtw 
Htt ji' woulil thry nhoTjId do tii»t« you — is ihi- fciiiiiihititii)- 
*;ti>tic of mi>rnlity. It i^. lhcr*'forr', hnrtlly poftibli;- i^ o\- 
iit'^-Jtuto liir riiijjtirlauLf duriit;; rude liun-'t nt Iht' lu/e uf 
nniU' nm! the* drrjid (if hliinuv A innci who wn*i ni>1 irnprlh'd 
liy any dccK m^limtivc fcL*linjr. U\ ftitriUcc liirf life r»r thn 
jjood of olM'jB^ yt-I ufln nuiH-il lo *iith aclioiih by A oi-[iStf 
of glorj, irituld hy his cvnmrlo wcitf^ ihv <4inic wi*h for 
gloTT in oth*r inpn^ and vouid fllrtnirlhcn hy <"3icici>p ilii* 
iKthie ft^liri}^ of Hdriiinitrrni. Ik- rijf>-ht llitiK di> far tmirvj 
^■ood 1o hin Ihlio tlun hy U'^Ettirifi ofT^iiriii)^ with a teuduncy 
to inherit hi*- own high charaolcr. 

With irifn'MHt'il i-v|ierivTirt* and rra»on, mfln ficurivw 
the mori^ rt'ini^tc' iTiruJ^jTu-iKL-r; o( hte nt'tivvt^ and lhi> folf- 
iPEflrriinjT virhn*:*, *iic!i hr tt-mj^cmnrc, ch*i*tity» J:r,, whit^h 
diiririjr i>arlT limi^a mv. 8*1 w*- hniv Iifforp -y^en, iil.lrrlv dit- 
ivpurili^d. C'liit? to Lic hi(;h!v iMtveuml or oven held fticrcd. 
I nn^l rHil. hfmcvi-r, iv|Htir nhnl ! Imvu Mid on thi* hcjtJ in 
the fotirth i^hrtf tpr tTliimnteJy our moml tmw ni c<ifiKcirnwj 
boconicB a hi;;hly rotupkji (^nlniiecl — oHpnatinif m the «d- 
c\n\ iiuiiuctn.Uri^rly vuidrd by Ihi^ ■pproliiitioii of nir frllnir- 
mtn^ Tlihid hv rciii;nn, H-If'fnli>ml, und in luti^r time* by dct-p 
tclifriout fccliii^fs, aud conliriu^'d br inif[T\ieiion and hnWd. 

Ir nibfl rot Ih- firf^itlU'ii thin fLtllntu^'li h lu^-h himiduEJ 
of mnr4ilTly C'^*^ 1*"' " <3(phl or no itdviinlii^* to nwU mW^ 
vidiinl man %nt\ bw ■jliiliiivn ov**^ llit- <»thcr men of th'' iwino 
Irj^H', irl Ibfll nil irn.-r»-aw in ilv tiu[id»rr of ii»'ll'i*Hd<»vod 
m?n fiud an ikLv« net-in <rnt in Iho vtnndnrd of momlily will 


■Hr V«l|*r« «lv4* 

la hi! H'nDtnbubonB w th* Thoofj otf rffetunJ 

Cmi9. V. 



othi^r. A iritiv* iDciarliiitf innny mcniWrf nhe, from puMvw- 
Ing ill A higli Hr^rrp ihv f|hint nf ^xitriDlif^m. Ilrlelllv, obedi- 
t-ncft, eours^e, and trmfiaihy, were alnuyb rt^aiJv l« aid one 
tinntlifTp And to Mtnfici: thr^mnchv? for the C<»viTnoTi ^rxrd, 
iL'iuK) U< \-irli>rii>iiK nvi^r ihimI i>lh<*r trilirM; nnd llikn would 
|pa iiftlurvl Rt'l^jrin^ At all Umv^ (hrnii^-hoiil Ihc wnriil 
Irib--"* tittw BUfiplaiilnl olhi-r tnl#n; Htid nn momTit/ Ik ooe 
LiEi|virtanf rlriru ill in Hirir iiiecpw, thf^ <tfin^j4rrl nf morality 
nn<l th» mimlH*! of vrcll e-ndcvod men will tlius (■vocywiicrc 
tend to rise anJ uicrtat**- 

It i\ hunrvvr^ i-itry (lifUf^ult lo form any jndg^ment why 
one pniiifuljir thl« and Dol another ha^ btn-u suoconTiu 
anA ha* rwro Id the *vdle of civiliMlEOTi. SUiiy *avAK™ nre 
in tlie cirrke cwHliiioii as whrn firtt diEcovcn^l i±r>voral o^iv- 
turu*s niro. An Mr, Jtni^'hot han n^iHnrliyd. we are apt lo 

IrHik d( l>rO',|lTS^ At noiiiidl tii htiTimri -mirif^Ij; liiiL hiritnry 

rt'fiiti>4 tlile. TIk- iiicitn^ta did nrit (Tvvn ruicrtiiin tbp idra, 
Kor Uo Iho l)rivnt/i] iiAtioiiF at llir pn^Acnt dny. Accoriiicf; 
l>i ATinll'i-r lii^li jtiirhorlty. Sir Ur'try Maiiie,^ •" llw ^-n-flilci 
pari t'f ruinkind Itat n/vor tli*wri a particle of dt^irc* that 
it» a*il jantiimionn should \n: improved," i*rojrTw nccma 
to tieprnil on msn^ concurrent favourable ci»it1ittoiie, far 
too L<o«n|>h>x to \rc Followcrl out. it han oft«n h<*vn re- 
marked. Hint a cnol rlimnlr, frr>m trading to indiiittry and 
|n ili«> vftrioa;^ 4krl'<. lutt fiM'ii lij^hty fH\iiiirnhtf 1)ifir|j~', The 
t%i|T]muux. pr«*«d Iv liard n-^c^witj, have HTiecL-odiid m 
many tr):fnioTW inrf^ntirtTin, liut thrir rlimnti^ Im* Wn loo 
fii*iprr> frr rfiTititin™! T>rnt:rp« Virnwdir hnKilt, wlirthi^r 
r'Tic-r wide j-huiiK. vi llirMi:;j3i the donti? fori-slp of Ih** tVfpxB. 
or al*>ni: ih^ *horr* of ihr wn* havp in cv^ry raflo hrcTi hiRhly 
dfitrinuiiilal, WhiJFt oWrvinj; Ihr hnrlHintiiit inh4l>itantA 
of Ticrra dM t'urjro, it *1n!clt nio that the poewwion of 
9^np im*pi"rty, a fiss^t nVi mIp, nnd the- jniori o( nianv faini- 
livft Tindvf a cliipf, Wi»fn thi* indiKprnujil*!*' n'r]ui«ito)t for 
ovih^alK-B. Surh hdhitri nTnioal neec^itate the c-iJltJvntit>n 
i»f tlir jrround; urn! ihr fir*t sh*|w in cultivnlioii snjuld proli- 
flhly r«tih, ap I havo nltcwhrnt chi-wn/ frr»m *omc nu-h inv 
i-idirnl ad Ihi" seoifc of a frinl-lrcc fnllrn^ on o hcrp of rrfnpc, 
and pm^ahnic "n iinuMiiillj Tiiji- viim-tj. The piT.iMi.'iii. 
bowarvr, of th« fir«t nd*nn<<o of iiivn;:^!; towards dvilination 
tft tt iifToeot nuoh too difficult to he aolvcd. 

<*ABrtH l*»; IMI. p. W. Tor "Tlir- V»rt«Un nf Ar»ltn»k iTid 

la*; A|«|lL.HI«,r4U ^ov. 




Put L 

XniumI SflKtion tiacffitiin^ ViriHttd XaJwn^.—l hive 

hitherto unly (X<n«i<lfroJ the ndTnnrem^^rit *•( man fr'irn a 
Birni-hiiTti;!!! [riKiilillnii In tliul itf tht^ itxHiern svnttp:' Hit! 
fiOTDC ^cn»l^k^ cii the Jifhfm of nulurtil tL-k'oli'jn on tiviliwod 
nutiuLta may be w>trth uHding, Thift nuJijfvl iin5 htrn nM_v 
Jin'Uitaod h\,' Mr W, R ifrcif/ hikJ firptim:Rlv lir Mr. WnU 
inrr iijid Mr Walton.*" Mrjfcl r»r inv a-iuarkM ure taken ffoiii 
l.htvi? Hiictf flwOioi'*. With s^oiTifjes, the wmk in Wlv «r 
mind an> Kion eliminntoH: am] Ihoiw (hut Giimvi^ rnEiimnnl,v 
exhibit a viirorous *italo of ht-ttllh. We civilised mei. on Ihe 
other haiv]. do our uLruo^t fn rhn^k the? priH'uwi ^t elimiim- 
tion; lA'c liiijld shtIuttj: for th« imfK>(-i)oT Ihu mdiuieii^ und 
thi* Bitk; we inpliluti^ jioor-Iai^'i'i; and our nycdicol m<'ji exert. 
\\\i'\r nlm<wl flkill [« Mvi" ihc liff of eM'ry mit* lo Hit la&t 
m»>menf- Th^re it ^^^a*on to Vrliflvo Ihnt vin:dmitir>n hiii: 
jjii-HL'i'ved HLuiiaaniis who fruni a Ho^ik o>n9tiluCk>n nonld 
fiiniii-rl}" liBxe nin.nimlii'd ti> Mrwll-jnix. Tljtj?* |]ir uejik 
m<*mbflr* of tiiiliw*il noridi^i^ pmpnicute thyir kimL No 
one vbo has ntlciided to the iTtx^diug of dr>n]e«cic anitnnis 
will d{itibt Ihal thf» TikiiHt be hi^bly injurjoii^ lu the rai-^ 
of rouQ- It IX fnirpriKiili: how tuicrn ti wiml of cure, or cart 
wrongly directed, kadi^ to the deirtDeraticn of n tiomcriic 
race; but excvpling in tbr oise of msin lifmkielf, hnrdly any 
on« ia *o i^Durunt ub lu h]1<.iw he voret uniinnl* to brtcd- 

The nil! wbirh wr frej iiTi|H'llcd Eo i^Wr. In llir h^dfih^w 
In msinly irn inru^ental rraiilt of the in^tini't of tj'Tnpaihy, 
which ^t'oa onpnally ner^iiired lie |>art of thi.' soetnl lusliiu'l^, 
hui 3i]lhM:i|iu-iilly ternliTii], in Iftt iiiimtihT pn-vvniKly titcH- 
C'rtlttd, tnom li*nclor nnd moro widely d(fTu«>ri. X"r could 
w* cheek our ftvmpotJiy, even el the ur^iit;: of hard ruL44>n, 
wilbiiut ihTtmoralifHj in Uie iioblmL (mrl at our niiliire_ 
Th"? nur^con may hnrden h]mi4:ilf whiUi pcrfomiin^ an 
operation, for he know» thflt he It' BctiD): frir the ffuod of hiti 
jialipjil; but it ure utrt' inli'rifiiir>»!lv io ii<r;7ln-r Ihe umk 
and helpletu, it eouM only !» for a rontinff^nl h*"n"fit, with 
an fUTrffhelming pre*ent evil. Wi? mubt Miei'efui't' h»'ai" the 
undoTihtwlly Imd efTecU of th^ weak suniviag and projta^at- 


*<Fru*r'ii MivuiuiC ?qit iMIs ^. 

rvii nuriiiirk*f ila ««i«T* anil * rv|i>iiKt>4 
in tht '«f*pt*lrtr; 'Vl JH ■ii'l ITtli. 

1.^1. >n>l hy Vt L4«'»-n TiJI in IM 
■ii«,' nU 1M», wd b/ Mr, K, U^ 

•Ian.,* Jiiti ly ta'It. I hchc Ekvf^vdi] 
iJiM> from M^vi^ral 'if lh«B writ«i9L 
■< Fnr Mr- "AmUhip, vh ' Anihrnpcv 

Ml in * MuiiiitUn'* Winr^mui.* 
Aac-lM«tp.»ia: itlii&titaBrHtvoTk. 




ing their kind; but ilieT« appc^ra to br At Icift oar ohcck 
in kteady nHinn. iififiiHy TH?it 1ln:> wertker ami infpr'Mir nn-iTi- 
bcra of ftwioty il« not funrrv »■"» /rLvlv ad tlie isCitiiii']; ind 
thi* chi^ck might lie irdrfinifi^lj mcry-niH^ hv tic wx-flk iu 
boilj Of min^l rpfratnirg fivim marrijigp^ Ihnij^h (hi* in mori- 
to w liopod for thuu C3pe«|«d- 

Tn pTcTT roanlry in which « iirg^ nUndiDf; arm)' b kept 
up, thp linpKT vt^urtg mpu »rv rnkr-n by (hi* (xmscriplmn ur srs 
oDhaiod. Thov oiv Ihua f*ic|H.iH>d to oiHy daitH <J«riii(£ wnr, 
arc (ifli-n kmiitnl liilii vwr, auJ aiT* prrvt'iilCT.! from ciarry- 
ing ijurin^ th<* \mmc of life. On Itn- oIIut hind (lii* *LjilPf 
and fcoblcr mm. mt\\ poor conslitution^i, njv Irit *l Umae, 
uiid ixrnt^4Li4'ri1lv hav^ a itiueli b^ltvi chdiicc of ETiarryin)! 
aild propM^nlin^ lliL-ir kind." 

^Un flfcuinuUlr^ prnjKTlr nnH tfffUjriitTi* jt t<» his ihil- 

L. FJ> tfiJil tit'' i^Iiil'Irm fif till' rlHk I^m^i' 'Iil A<hHiil<ip^ dvrr 
(he p<M>r m llie nice for liiiceew, iodepemi^Tili^ nt hnjlily 
i^r Dicntal joijvnoriiy. t»n Ihc otlicr h^mO, the t^hilUrtn of 
pHivrU nho BTc Khnr1-liTi»<l, nnd arn thrrrfnr^ on nn wvprujif 
<io6cient in health and vigour, <-r>ine intn their prn|v?rty 
^ftowr than othrr rJtildrcn, taxd will he likrly i<* mam 
wiHiPT, nriH khvc h l*fy.'r nmnhrr of olThprinj; tr> inherit 
their mfrnor cr<n»liliUii>ri-H. Bu! thtr itthriilance ^^f prop- 
criy hy ifsr-if Ik rrry fnf trfin nu rvil; for vilhuul thr atvu- 
TnnUiii~kn of cnpilal ih^ art^ oouH not prijjn'*'^ ArttI ii U 
(■hi(*fl> fhpoiifjh thdr |>ovt!r Ihut the L'iv:Iiaed twt« havo 
tended, mid nn- tiow l■v^^yli^^^p I'llrmiinj! ihr-ir i"rtn;.*e. 
tf* lake Ihe pUee of iho l^iwer riwM^, Xnr doe« iho 

lerale at^ciunuUliou of wealth int^fere ^ilh the firocesa 
nt Mi^TiiMfT. Wlh-ti fl |n>or man ht'^mti-ii nind**niitly ni?h, 
hiJi cilildron rntcr trvd^^ or profc^AMnni in which thin^ is 
»tru|ecle er»un^h. ba that tho aide m bodv and mind ftcit^- 
ccvd nmt. The pn-^rm-i* of a IkkIv 'if wel!-iii'>ifrii*i''d nicu, 
who h-ivu not to idU-ni' for their dflily bread, w iinpt.rli*nl to 
a degree vrhieJi i^duijol W ovfr'e»timat«il; a« all hi^Ti intcl* 
leciual vork ti <:niTied on *!iy them, and on ^iicli work, nv^ie- 
nal projfTttj of «ll kmdfi nmmly dopcrdt. rot to niPtition 
other and higher adiaotajicK, No donbt Wi'alth when very 
(freol tende to roor<»rt n*n mio iui>]4'^ dron«. hnf their 
oiimW is nvrtr lar^': and some depw of elimin4Uf>n hens 
nrH-ur>, for w dnily ivt rieb ijicri, who happen to U* fooU 
or pT<*fligale. »(|U9ndk>riii^ nwar th^r wenllb, 

Vrimojfrnitnre with <'rilailca cslatci* in a tiiow direct evil, 



ViftT I, 

tliuvgh it innr f-^nii^rlv luive hivn p3 grral Jidrflrtft^i> lij th# 
crcatKtn i»f a ilorniuniU t'law, nnd onv £;ovi,'riir:n:iit i» Poller 
iJiaa iion'-\ MoM tlilt^l Mtu^. tliuuufi ifurv m»» Iw wt'iik in 
body ur miini, iiiurry^ wliiUr tho youii^irr >:(Hik, howfn-pr cupi^ 
ricf in thrive risjicrlii, ilo not sq gcrK'niUv mnrrv Nor can 
vvorlhltM (Mtvt HJ<l^ wIlli cuUtileil f.Hl^ilea jijuimiivr llii'ir 
Atultli, tiut Ttort, ni^ I'Ut-uLlior^^ tho roUittrin^ uf dvil:H0<1 
lifi* wrc ^ comjih'X tlint pnTn»> cf>rnjici;>ifltofy checks inlt^r- 
vmie. Tlie TNiTi nh<i av- rirh tJiirmgh prlmofci^hrtnri- iin* 
able to soleot ^nerAtioii after pr>ii4^ra1i»[i tlir moiv boniilifMl 
anri dmnrin^}; unmcn; ntid thi^H<^ mtut gfncrolty bo liealllij 
in ImmTt hthJ noliv<' iti miml. The vvW roti^^ijin^nw^, ■^culi 
a« thi^T may be, of ihe cDutmuod jirNhmnfltion -^f thf? .<u[no 
lino of dc&coikt. wilhout any [H'trL"ti<»n. r\iv chi-rkcd h\ iiicn 
of rank >iltttiy>. wihiiiii): tn rnc-rpndr r)fi>ir wp^Jlh And fiowcr; 
and tJtis they effect hy marrvii*;: ht'irt'M<*H. Hu( Ihi^ iLni^'*' 
lers ot jmruiitfl ivlm liit^r prodHtid wtikIi' £'hi!iln'ii, nn* [In'm- 
lu^lvrs. AX Mr. (Inlton'" hiis shcun, njit ti> hv» (Urilt*; nml Ih"* 
nolilo rAinili-?^ nrc cciituiuitlly cut cff m Ihe tlitxcl hnc. niid 
tJi^ir VL<nlth fl'^un illif* Hoiiir nirli^cliuiittiO; Init inifnrhiiulrlv 
thin i>hiinncTl in not 4lrtprrniD«i] by fiup^trinnly of nny kird, 

Ahhough ckvilii^ttoii thuA checkfl in mfiny waya lice 
aclioii nf nflliir«l H'U'ilitm, it Hi>|i*r*"nflj favour* the lu'lti-r 
drvv1r>|im(Tiit ol lie hoily, by mrnnR of j^ooil fi^cxl omi Ihc 
friTdurii frojJi (iccrt*i'in«l hardbhipe. Thl* inny be infcrmi 
fri>rri civiliM^il nirTi biivri^ Uvn nxind. fthrrcvLT cnin|<Ari^d. 
to b<* y>hy);irfliW ttrrtnj-or thiiii w*VAf"c>J-'' Thov an[X'ftr iitui 
to liHii' ifiUJti finHct> of eiidui4rircc> ut hiif ,br^n pmvpii in 
iiiBiiv wdvontiirirtin cji^iv^lithin*. Kvor th^ gtv-ai li:tiiry nf 
the rich (^nn b<- hut Iilt!p rfptrimt-iitAl: foT tht cxpL-rrflliuu 
of lift' <if 4^»ir fl]i6lt>i.nicyf nl At) Bgw ond of Ijoth wx"* i* 
rer>* little intmor to thai of bealtby EoglUli Uxes in Ihir 
lower cIah*o^'* 

Wtt will now Took lo ihf intrlWhinl fnrnltini. If m 
eioh pnifl^ of *OL'K?tT thf* mfrabrrs vvi»r(> diridrd inln htn 
r*qiinl lifxtiits Ihi^ o»c includiTi;; Ih^ inlf'lli^c'tiiAllv Fiiiitrrior 
nml fhi* r>Thi»r ihi* intrriir ihr^ir fitn br liltir <}<iTibl tbjit 
1hf foniii>r ^I'oidd HU(M^-f»d hi^t m all nocijpBtii-iiit, mid t^^nr 
n jTH'/itiT nunj})cr of cbildrrn. Kvier\ \t\ thf Iriwc^t uaWit- nt 
]ttt\ ^kill urd EiNlity mtint hv nf Mir»(^ mltiinlii^: thtiiigh 
in m&Dy occupntiona, owinj; tc thu gnat cbvU:oii of kbour. 

" QudifTrRtriK, ^Ea«ufl rim Coan 

Hftfv ill" flAti Hihl i^hIIi ■Wumni 
■C«inpvnll» L«i(*tlij,' mo, p. 111, 



A vory Hinftll omf. Hence in riviliard lulion* ihi^fi' will Iw 
aomv lendcDCT to nr incrct^o both m iht nutribcr and in \hv 
riJiutlard uf iW intrllMluiilly aUe. Dm I ilo not wia!i to 
oisert tlut ih'tt irntitrni.}- may not bo moiv thau counter- 
balanced in rthrr » jvr, m- hy rhc tnulti|>]i(4tiAii of the rctlc- 
tpM arv\ iJii|i[uitJi.-ri1, bul ev«ji to audi Uh tti«ea, ability 
anil be iKifiic u<Kfiuta]^o 

It hfl* oHi-a lic^tx objected Irt ^iffwji Iik*' tbr forr>;oir(r, 
Ihdt the moti *n»n<Til rien wlio Imvc hwt lirtil Ijit^* Ifft 
DO ciflipriiif; f^ iahi<rtt tbcir pv«( inteUcci. Mr. (Jalton 
Myp," '' I rrvrd 1 mta udaMc i<* solvt the aini(il« quctdion 
whrtWr, an^ hfiv fnr. rti^n nail nrnnpn vrhn «rr tinHlij|;ii« 
of p*D]iu are infertile, I have, hcuevpr, clieun tnat ineo 
of eminence am hr no intuu aa^ Great UvrgtieA, Ibe 
foundcrfi of bpnrHt^nt n^llgioiiit^ ^rvmt plii1[Hi»|]ben ami ili^ 
covcrere in sci^ruN^ nirl the pro>prw» of niAiikind in a fur 
hij;li«r di-nnw H ilirir voHta than by leai'ini> & numeroua 
lirnKeny. In thf< r»p nf rorfHir4«l itruoLiin-n, il tm Ihi^ ui)«e- 
tif>n of tbc vlj^^klly trrl t^r-i')i4^>iri^l Jmi th^- dmitnalion of 

«n'6tidn of trtr^D^ty-tnurketi And rare aDon^ali^«. th»l ieidt 
to the «idvan<xTment of a »i>rcice.** So it »ilJ be ^ilh Ihc 
intolle^'tital fantltics, t^inre llif* Hinii^wlifll abler men in eaeh 
gt^dv of Ki>cii>tr BTieeeed nlJier better tlian tbv le^ able, and 
con*eqii(?nt1y ineririuc ia nitmbi^r, if nnt othrnrim- prmx^nted. 
Wlirri in nny iialkm lb? stanclaiiT of inieJWt anil tbe nnniber 
of inlellectijfil men hav« incToateil, we lonr u^tpccl from Ihc 
Hvr of the dcTi'ition from au avfiv)>:r, thai (■riiliicii'v of 
jTrnitiK tt'ill, r\t uht^vn h\ Mr flnlron. Appear doineu^ttit mora 
frnitj^ntly Ibnn beforcr 

111 fVt'arJ to the roorjil rjualitirfi, w>me ellmlnntion of llie 
warti di*|>fmitjinii i* nluayjt in pfnpTfw e^tn in 1l»e mwrt 
civiliH-d HAtionh. 51a]craolor« are execntrd, or imfirrMincd 
for lon^ |>i?Ho(l«. wj Uml tJirj cannot frwly trariMmil ttieir 
bai-l qctalilifr*. MeUm-holicr tni^ m^r« peraoni are coDlinetl. 
or commit <uicidi\ Vif»!fnt aud qiiarrcUome mrr iiftrn 
come in B bloody end. TIip n^s^lbw uhn trill nol follnw any 
fit^dy oceiifiafioTi — und tbU r<'b<- *>f I'^trbflTHrrk it a j»r*«l 
chpck to cirrlianlmn " -on^isTiito to newh-rt-irlrd countrirn, 
^rlwn? tbry prnr:' ui^fiil piofTwrt. Inlitnpr-niu^ ii «* hi^ihly 
dtftinjcljvo, tliat the Mysrctatiiin of life of Iho intrinpenite, 
at tbc ape of Ibirly for instance, i« only 13J* yc^n*; wbilal 








for the rural Jabuorera f>t l-:nj^1aiitl at IHp *tnn> act- il u 
»50 yr^rF." I'fr>!liinit<' Wf>mpii brar few chiMrrn, nn*! 
iprofiij^ftte mm r«ivly innn\v; U^th >»ITer frnin fli>^i'ahe. In 
Ibu brvvdii)^ of di>mo«ik- oiiimiilii. Uk< «ltiuiDAtii.m of Ihusa 
individunb, thotEsh fow i.n Dumhcr, vhii-Ji jitv in uny mnrkrd 
mannf^r infprinr, it. hy tif rnrAHiG nn iimTnprirliint Hrrncril 
lowaiiie Evcccra. ThiF eepi^cielly holf)« p:ioo with tnj;in<>^u 
rharact^TK which Lfijd to reappiatr ihrnuf^li rci*i>i*.'n, fturti ju 
Wflrkrw'3* in nhf^'p; and tjtiMi nidiikinii mmi' "f Ihr »v<»r*i rfin- 
po^iljon?. vliic^h of'<io^ inn Ally withciul any n^^^i^Abl^^ miinn 
make fhtir a^'pramiKr in familii-*i, may |il'iIiu[u Ik- revet- 
i£joii« Ifi n tttyajii' kUI4% frciiit w)ui'|i wr an' ruil n'rninrr] hy 
very mnny pciK>rHlionii. Thif virw ^cni!: irnirnl rrrojiniflorf 
ill tbe oouuDua t-Apivebiuu thai tiiicli lueu are tlit bkck 
BhM*p of th» fuinily. 

With ci^'iliAfii nntioiift. ftf fur nit un A(!vquc'i4] i^tiindard 
nf inonilit^, iiiiil hd imrt'Hii^i.'il niimlxT of fttirly ^i>ih1 iiicn 
aro ooncernpri, rmtnrnT ft<*l<X'(ion spjiflrenTly t^tVoeU Imt. IJIMp; 
Jhoti^h tbo fundatEitf^tuI social inMiinrfs xvitc origiuuliy thiw 
gaimiL Ftut T havr* nlrcjitjy hn'u\ v\\n\i^\\, wh'thi tr-^'nUn;: of 
the lowor rac^s, <^n tb? cnnwt^ «hic'h load lo thf* nrtvcnoe 
of moraUly. iiamrly, tl»L- appmbation of ouf Mlviw-im-it — 
Ihtt fttnmi^Oii-ning nf onr sympathies Hy hflbjl — oTample nni) 
iinilAUon — roaeoD -oxpcrii*ncr, nnd ovrn *i^lf intcrpfit — in- 
virurtiuiL diinnj; yont1i> sntT rpliiflri'ifi fpHinjfA^ 

A mo9{ iraporUnt obatado in eivilikti^ counlries to so 
inprcofti? in tJi<^ numbrr of men of a Hutit^riw i-law hiif hc^^^n 
■IroTiKly iani*tri1 i»ri hv Mr flrpp *iitil Mr. (Jnlton,"* r^rnrly, 
the fact that th<? very pfXff niid rivkii-i^jj. who atv c>fTon ie- 
(-toHhI Irt' vifv. ttjmont intanabh nmrrr raHy. whilst the 
('Mrrrtil nmt frTHjiil, whn nrp p^'iirnilly oibf^rwi*!* virtHruiu. 
marry hitp in lifo, s^ that they niui be uhle t^ eitpporl Ih^m- 
wlvCTi rtiii] ibi-fr I'hildreu ia comfi*r(. Tli*'Pt ulio marry 
e*arlT produce within a |pvi*n prrifKi nnt mily s grojitfr niim- 
bcr'of jc'^n^nition^, but, a» (hewn by Dr. Duncan," th^y 
produce many mort- diildn*n^ Tht' ehildreu, moreover, tb^t 
are born by motUtn durin;! thD prime of \\t& are heaTt«r £riit 

Vl ^ULiftinL* Id vr^aivl In jintlli' 
pti'y. *v I>r ¥mrr. ' luflti'im^ rpf Vi»- 
T\ntv c^n y-Jrtilii*,' ' Nm. Awn- fi* 

UhI, ' MvrnlUMri V[mnHli>r/ Aui;. 
IMfr, p llf. The |:«T. r. W, ramp 

I'FriHT^ Mttf-,' Ana, im. Pl I«4) 
1jO»« a diffitf^tkt view, 

KJiiibuivlj. ''^^f A-'*J«' t*- w^< : '■'>* 
nqM^alLKt *f |iiirBliiLf UTuV-r rhf tirli^of 

^ l*«ofi*lity. I'trtihi 4 TtiiTifirT,' 

mi Sh. i1«o, Mr^fn. -[ler^ti- 
'■rr Gf hill*; tip, mt-wt. ftf plwr**' 

CUf; V. 



Larger, aikd lli«n-fi»K' firulmUv tnorv vij^^iroup, thnn ihoet} 
lrt>ni it other prrioi!*, Thiif th*> ivekk-M, Jt■^^nlJi.^3, nmi 

qujc'JccT nite lliuii \Uv provul^Ttt and sciumlly ^itttrmiA iNcm- 
k-n- l)r ftv Mr. (Ifcg ptiU ilii- cii*e; " T\\*: nit'eWtv.. s^uafiJ. 
nnifpirii^^ IriKhmjin mtilirpIlM lik*> nhliils: the fni|«il. foro- 

FjiinliMl in liin faitli. uicacioutt anil ilij>ri|>1iii^i3 in ]ii» inut^ 
li^rjTf, |iH3ui>t bin )i™t ytyim in Hlru^le and ifi (^^liLiaoy, 
ruorrie* loi«-. nnd ]<<avor fcv WhinJ hiin, (>ivi-u a luiul urij^i' 
imWy iKvpM by u thuuhaml S^irrnA nml n thiiii)<fiTkd tVlrn 
— unil in m tUiu-n jrriic'niTioiiNi litt^-Rklha i^t the poyilljitinn 
vouM he I'dw, hut tivi^-auth* <^f Uk- i)ro|>*rly, <>f tlio povvtr, 
of ibt' iui<?Uftrl. vcioH IwlonK lo \hv tiri^'Kiilh t*i ^uMtnir 
Uinl retiminoO. In rh(< iit^rnnl ' Ktru^ln fnr r'i£iat*not>,' it 
iroulj Iji? titt inf^Hor and tw faTouivd ract thut had pr^ 
saikd — and uitvailed by nirlue ntil of ila i^ochI qiialifii-H 
tin of iix toiilU'" 

Th^rc orr, howctrr, wm^ <'h€ckfl tc (his dowinrard Itnd- 
ency. We tiAte wen Lhul llir ii]triii]]f:<rHli' puITit fi-oin m h\gU 
rale of morUlily, uml llu' oirreuitl} proiliguir l«iv<* frvr 
olfBpriny, The poorrfrl clnswo* crowd inlo lowni*, uiid it 
Jia^ Wn proved Ky hr Stark fn>rn thf NhiliKhrH nf ii-n 
yt-arv \t\ Si»tUod," (fiiit ni »[| ng*:' Uh' tl^uUirutr ir lu^lJitr 
in t>tfrt^ tluin in niml di*Tnct*. " nnd during llo fir*! five 
yi-aro rpf lif« tliif lowii denth-mtf* U Hltiii^Hl exiutlv dr>ii1il<- 
Umt of the rural dUtneU," A* thcwe ri'tumu indiidt^ buth 
tbe ridi and Oif poor, »o donlil more thnn Iwirr ihif num- 
hvt of birth* would bp r*>qiiifli1e to kpoji vip thr TnirnJiir of 
the Tpry poor inKnliilnnts in Ihu toivna, rtlativt^ly to lliotie 
ill tlie iifualrjr. With wonicn, ninrriEi^' id loo cnrly an nge 
i« hiifhlv iHJurioun; for it hns hppn (oimd in Frnncp llml, 
•* fwici' An many irivp* iiikIot Iwonty die in Ihe year, as diod 
fill! of \\h' -ianie ninitUT of thi? unmnrriwl/' TIk- incir- 
Ultty, nUij^ of )iu*l)aDd4 under tw*'nt\ U '^ m-i^Ktivrly 
hifibV'" hni what the i*nu«? of tins may U\ wome doubt- 
ful, 1a.«1)j. if (he nipii v]\ii pnidcnlly dvlu> inarryii)^ until 
lh*y can brinjt up th^ir fflnidiw In eonif*iri, ttvn» lo wteet^ 
iw tbpy nftrn di, vnmen in th? prim* of lifu the mlc of iti- 
rrPM*<» in Ih** hpu^r Hjijw wniild In- only »li^)illy l^>**pned. 

l! wae i*4loblkhed from nn nnormoiw limlv of iiulisitiui. 


our hifbfHC uftbcfily id *su.'h 'V'**- 




takirti duHiiy 1B53, iKit thi; uiitimrrieil mt-n throughout 
I^r8nc^> WiA'prn thn ngps <if iwi-nl}' ami H^lily^ i\k< in a 
ruueb larger proportion than tht> married: for iiiflUncc, out 
i>r rvpry lOOf) tuimurrii-'t) hipji, Ijrfwei-u llie a^cM «f twenty 
rtriil thirty, 11,3 luiHuulEy diwl, wbtUi of tht' ruurrit'd oiik 
it.o died," A similar \nw wm pr<»v<d to hnUi jeoc-d, riurmjc 
tilt! )fiii?i IKO:i uml ]t!(r4. Willi lite enfn^ puipuktiun abi>i'i- 
Iho *i>f*' of Lu'<-|lU ill Soutlaiui: for iti-tnin*, oui nf ^rm" 
lOOfl unniarrifit men. Mwrcti Ihc iii^f^ of twrnh' ntid thift\, 
14.^11 uriTnially di*.'d, whiUl »f ilu^ luarrit'd onl^v 7/^1 ili»-d, 
Ukfit lA loKK than lialf/' Or. Stark remarkft on this. " Baoh- 
clorUood tit more dmt rue live la [ifi-- Ihon the mrtfl unwholr!* 
Giitni* tmdifc, ur tliitn iVAiilfiior in nn L1ll^th»ll'ml^tll* htniH- 
or dki^lrict wh&w Ih^ro ha& never heen tti" mo*it ditianl al- 
templ »t ?4inttttry improYvintnl," He conftidere that the 
li-KJii'iicd inoriiility i* Ihf- diivd n^dt "f "" inurriaj^i*. and Oit* 
m4>iv ro^ubr d>>m^Mic hjibit^ nrhicli nttc^tid that ctiitc/' Hn 
udmiit.. iiLkvever. that Ihc intoiJipcrflti\ profligate, and criraj- 
nul I'lmtM-n. uUi)»^ dunlinii tif life rti kiu^ do nut <.-(>iii rnonly 
miirry: and it must likv-wino Ih^ admitted that im-.u xi^ilh n 
weak coiifttitulioD, Lll health, or uny great intlnuilj in hodv 
or ndnd, nill t^iien not uish lo marry, ar will be reJiH^too. 
Ur i^tnrk Mvm£& to hav^ c^onni* to the* concluiiion thnt mar 
rifl^ in iWlf IK n main rn^int^ of protongml Itfr, fifiin finding 
that ngvd inirrieO men Mill hare a eon^idei'able advanlii^ 
ill Ihia r«|]«t u\i?r fhi- unmarriL'tl <if llio sami- iidvuntrd 
n>;i'; hiit ivrry otiif iiiiint hatr kriovii in*t:inr»-« of nirn, u'hi> 
vith Wi>flk hculTh during routh did not mnrrv, and y>^t hav^ 
gurvivod to uld a^, though n-'riidinin;^ vi-ulc. and ihi^nrfoi'O 
zaiwfiyii wilh k l>Tm-niil i^hajici^ *d lifi- nr <ir mnrnin>'- TJn-n* 
in unothpr tvmufkablc eircnnipfarc*' i^'hii?h Affms to mpport 
i)r Slark^« condiifioii. Darndv, ttuit widow-- And vidorttrra 
in FmiR-f' suJTer in coinpHriftin villi tht* iniirrri^d n vvry 
htavj rate of mortiihty; Imt Ur. Kntr nUrihut*** thie l*> th** 
povrrty axid evil hahit« ct»n*«^ucnt on the disruption of 
th** fflniily, find tr* j^rief On \hv tthoU* we may tomludt* 
with I.»p. I'crr thot the Itsifler njortnlity i>f niarrKd Uun uf 
uninjifriiMi n»rn. whirh M*i*nj* to le a p.'-minl law, *' i» mainly 
i3u*" lo the consljini Him in sit ion of >mpi?rr*?ct ly[>e*i, and to 
Uie aJcilfnl ael«ctioD of the Imal individiioh out'of each t»uv- 


■Df, Fun, iWil, Tli* ijuo<*iicn« 

•• I K*w« ut'fi ;ljp iMflrt of lie 
TvijJi Aitnual Kiriia uf JUnllit 

mill *i] ■rudt- j(j rhr M>a)l> >vwp,' 
Oil i;ilf. I«4?k >ki4.h !>'. Fmn tfou 



eevtv^ gen^rtlioriL " the 9ol*»^lk»p iwlntinp nnlv in ihp mar- 
rUffL' MAt«, and ntlint; on all i>]r[}u:vu|, uiUlioi^luai, und 
mtfnl 4jiuilitirA.^^ \Vr may. llirtcForr. icircr llmi »iiuiu) uiiil 
ffood nipn vho mit of firutl<Tii<iii ntniain for u tinn^ uiimMrriod, 
do iK>t »u(f«r a Tiij^h rdti^ of m^frulity. 

Tf iSi' vurioEif L-hrvk* »pe4.'[fii*il in tJ:r twu liixf juiraj^ptut^ 
ami |i«rhRp' ot)i^r« nn y^t unknown^ dn not pi^vtriit |h4> n>c-k- 
kflK tfie ^idoLts ;ind otli^rwis*^ infvriuT mfmbf'r? of «ixi^ 
from ;n4.'n-<i.Hjii^^ nl a ijukki^r tuIv xhan tiw ticlltir da-fi of 
ttii-Uj Ihi- iLutiun vill n-tro^iniiTt', em luu lOo oft«] occomd 
in iUff [lisdii'T (if lh« woHd, \W uji^hl rrriicmW thil pro^- 
rinas ji n>> invBh:>hl<- nJi?. It is vt^ry dirTi<^Hlt t'> ^>y why An? 
civiliE^cd riai»>ii riiiwJ, iKwoiupf more piiw<?rfui. artd apriiaia 
moiY Tridclj, Uifln anotln-r: or vihy Ihc mme miiion |in>- 
gr^«4^ more f^iiirtlv at one timt* tlinn At niiothcr Wt- rnn 
only iMf ihaL il d^p^id^ (»□ na iditk^c ia the actual Dumt>er 
»f tlur |Ki|hQ]jitt(jn, on Uir iiumW of tlir mt-ii tndoivtd wiUi 
high InEplIfvluid and mr>m1 fnonltKs ^^ ^'■''^ f^^ f^" lH«ir 
kitaudunl r^f t-sn-^ltfiitw i.*orijr>rffll ^truclurL* appotra to bare 
litlli* iiirtm»niv, i"^n'|>l 3it fur n* vipn^r of bmiv h-iilji lu 
Tt^our cf DiincL 

li W Wu uiged Ly Afveral vritera tFial u h«rh iiilfrl- 
Wliinl imiiin* m- mlvHtjlJi^^foiL* li< h imlfiui, tV {ild Urrrks 
vho i^l<Tod nomo iirmd™ hii:hr"r in iiilHIvol than nny rttoo 
thai IwB i-Tvr eTii*t<d,^ i>Tu:lil. if ihc jmwi^r of naluml wW- 
tion *vrc' fvul. In luvv n**'ii -^lili higher iti tlip *>tli\ iiL' 
diMt^od m mimhrr, ami rioi^kotl Ib^ vltolti of Kurop^. llin* 
Htr ItHVi.- LlifT taril a»;^iiiikplt<kn, ta <\Uvn mad<- wKh rcbpt^l Ul 
cori^ori-Ht «lriii^lurE-4. thai iheK h coiue innate tendeno\ io> 
vurd* i?otitini»^l di'v>-l*»|*(rioni in mind niid body, Bui ilo- 
TeltijuTiciil of flll kind* i!rpoTid»< or Tnnnv roncurrcot favonr- 
JlliJp oiM-iiTi* 'tan *****<, Xnhjnil u'Wtiiin flc't^ onlv tenlativHv. 
Indnidualc* "nd nu'C-H iLiny biv(» aojiiiry'd oltIwia imli9|tuUlile 
ridvATiI'i^-^. »t]d ri'l linti^ jirrUltnl fri>]n failing in olhi-r cf^Jir- 
actOT^ TIjp fit*vk» nisy 1iii»"p r^irogrfldpd fir-m a irant i^f 
ootiercnce l^tvf^n ihe many ttrnall elnt'^. froni the inuill 
U£i* of iWr vlinlc [tiucUt* fnim ttir firairtji^i' nf tlarrry, 
or from oilr^ino >3i^i»j(ia1ity; for th^r did not fiiicciiinh tinlil 
" they ""etc cncn&led and corrupt to Ibc t^rj cort." " The 


'L^f ITi<»* I fHhHbJ««| 

' ""I thy 

ifk'bif uhI qafuiivMU.* 





Put I 

we^km nuli«njt of Kurfj|Hr. whu O'^a i^o iiiiiiik'UKiimlJy nur- 
p068 their foriikcr suvac^' riiYig«>ni1or», ainl i*ian*I nt Ihr siim- 
nut of (^iviliiuituii, owt- itltlL' or nonv of iJiiir HupLTiurily 
in iltrt't't inhi'ritnnn^ frnin llu- uli] (inri'kfs though the}- oira 
muclt lo th» wriit^n wnrkt iff thni wonclvHul ]>«i>pW. 

Wliu can potiiiivvlv eay why lh(> SporiaJi naUoii. £o clomi- 
iJKut 1^1 oiif linic. liJM htH^u OUihih'hI in Ul«* niir. Tlir tiwnk- 
etiii^g cif llip nfllbni^ of Kuropt* fiv>m Ihu dark m^ps in n i^till 
moTc peT\Avi)tii^ pr<iblfiii. At thai early ^nixl, oe Ur. 
Gullikii litiH ri'iiLnrki'il, Hlni^Hl «I1 the ii[<>ii uf u ^eiilk- nature, 
thoin' givtn lo mwlituluiii or eulturo of tlic* minii, luid no 
rcfufif- tic<*pt in ttif hfr»oin of a (.'hnrch whl>^h <3cfnftndR(l 
ceiiba^'y!"' nnd this rrmh] fiiirdly (nil tn h^vf hjifl a rle- 
tenoratitifj inftiionce on ^ath ^Uivo^iw >;i:'iii-rBtki>ih L>unn|; 
thi* j^iUiv pvtiiic] the Holy Inquiiition jiolcttril with c-xtremc 
vatr thi" friThl nnd hoU!*-*! TufH in ortti^r to hum nr imprinon 
Ihein- In S|>okii alont- «omo of Uio ttet men — tbose v/lio 
duuliteij a.ii<l ijurdtiiiu?i1. AJid Aitiiuul (loiiUJn^ Uieir can be 
no pr(ign-.« — wi^rv «<liminjiti'il ditriiiK thri'i' c^nturi*^ tti Ih* 
rnto *if thouennd n yr«r, 'nn* evil which th? Catholic 
riitirili hdb fhuF' elTeL-ted it iin'oikntiihlv, llLtiugli iii> di>tiht 
coUEiti^rhulint^ifi hi H etrtJiMi. ]ii^i'[ta|iM lu a l^i'^r,4_ itx|t-Lt in 
othiT :i^nv.:; nvL-rthrlcMi, i'lumpi^ Imu pKi^rciwd iLt nu un- 
paralh.'liil laiv. 

Thi' rMutdrkflblo eiieeera of th« Rngliali as eotoniste, M>m- 
parnil to othrr Kuroin^uu nations, hai W<n oscrihcd li> ihfit 
ilaring iind |iiTi>rj^eiit energy; '* a nt^ult which i« wiOt illuA* 
Iruled bj 00113 jiarinjf iho procreas of Th*» CanadiBiiG of I*'"!?- 
IiaI* uniJ Fnrneh i-%1ractioD; Lul who tan say h*>rt the Eog- 
lifih iniiiMl thpir ftitty^? Thrn* i* n|J|mrftil)y morh Iriitl* 
in the h«hof that lhi> nondprful prfiirn^^i of ttii;' rniliHl 
St4tf?, A9 wvW ns tliL' L-liaractei- of thv ponyile. are f he rcfiultn 
of nntnml itL>l^dion; for Ihi* mure 4'iLi'r^i'li<\ r-'^lli^sn. anij 
counii^wiu m*ii from nil paHi of Kurop*- huvr c-mi^-TUtt^d 
during th^^ lutl U-u or tavlvr )ri.-[irroti'>n* lo tliol prent raun* 
try, ami Uum- f hi-n- siureerhn] htvl." Liiokinj^ to the cltMfant 
future, 1 do not think that the Ki^v. Mr «CmokL< takod iin 
txai^^erated vivv whca beaay«: '^ ** All othrrtcricn of ci«ntft 

•fnl Ui« jwiiafti ftun^linl ofinUlU- 
■■ L4Pl WtnlviiiilJit UaltediJUlM,^ 

CttAK V, 



— -»» Ihat which reflulIM in th^ roltLini of TDiml iti Grvrnw^ 
QD(1 tluit vliich rvflulttti iu \\w cftipira of IComo — only u]>- 
|(i»ar tik ^■V1- jinr|it4*i- nnd inltin wIipH vie^mxl in couuecttaa 
vith. ^>r rnih'T tie flubotictijiry lo . . _ tho jfKflt itr^Aui of 
Aifjilo-^Kon (iiii^Tfttion lo the wcst'^ CJh*cTirc u* i* the 
pri>li]i'iiL uf llir viKmifr nf i't\[lip3lii>u. K<> t-sn nt leant ccc 
llial A natiun «hirh imHlnvd JuHii^' a [<>n^th^ne<l ueriwi 
Ui* jjrujik'Hl numbrr ol lii^hlj inU'lWlufll. i-nLifrdiL". Tjwvc, 
pntriotjr. imil U'lii'V^hleiit uivn, woul^) gcm'niltj pfuiil over 
I<>a8 fuTnurcal iidtiorLfc 

Nalurnl »clc<'lion f<>Tlovrs from the Htru^^k for i'xitX- 
CJlci>: aDil l)if« fn>m :i ra^iiil ralr nf itirrruKfv 11 ik itiipi^Kiblr 
not t<i rcjtrct bitttrrly, tul wUeihcir wiwly i« flnotfuir mtvu- 
lion. the nir at nhirh mnn U-txd* lo incrcarf-; f*jr liiis aads 
In tflrliarou4 trilx^s Tn i[if:tiiti(i<lc jiinl nmiiy <irhi*r i.<viK 'Jik^l 
in ci\'itiW natHhriB t<^ al>ji'vl fxivirly, oi>libncy. nod lo the 
hitr mnriijK''^ ''' ^^i*^ prmUiil, B^ji a* inaw ^vfters from th« 
wmi** phyhiriil i'i-JIb m thi' louir nniinnU, hi- Im?- ni> ri^'bt lo 
tfXpiH.'t an miiuurtily from Ihi' i^tiIk c^nfimju^int on Xhv itruj?- 
^W for Piiali-iit'i-. Hjitl lit iiril Lfvii Hubjtt^li'd during primr- 
viil timw to iiaiuni iwk*L"tiou, u«UT^^tlty Ut- vrixikd never havp 
■ttiiine^i to hi,* prt-M^ni mnk. Sine*' wc ap^ hi nmny piirlK nT 
ihe wurlr] rnuriiKfuti uri-aj* nf thi.^ iqiihI fi-rlili* lfin<1 cfijuihU 
of mfj|H>niii^ uuiEK-rtiut hufipy hoiuni, hu! |>cr>pl«d unly 
by • f(TW mndcrinj; Miva^i^, U mitrlit \v- nri-iiH timf tfir 
■Intggl*' f*ir h.MiMiniv IijkI TJ*^T Ihvti Mifljiii'irll)' st^vere to 
t&rce man ufruiLnU U' Mh lii^jtio^l AtandAiii> .Tufl^'iii^ from 
nil tlinf n* Kuttv- ol imiii and llir Icm-cr imimiiln, ihcr** him 
Nlvjiy^ iM'rii tiirUt'iriiE vuriiibjlily iti tltHr intrll^rlitHl Jtnd 
moral fft(TUlti<«, for a Meai^y ndvanoe through nature ?i4>lec- 
tioTi. Ko doubt fui-h «dv«iici> doniambt nmny fftnnimblt; 
nmrvirrvMl i-irMiwi^lariM*; but il may w<*ll Iw doiiV]fi»d 
whvtlifr th*' molt fnronrahlr tr^tnlil hsve fUltic^, had not 
the rate of increase been T&\tl^. arnl Llie coiue^u^ni strui^'^le 
for «?ii«t«tiRie eilmnely »everi>. Il t^wn ftpptttra frozn what 
wcF Mi% f^^r ictitancr, in yttitif of S. America, thaf n pr^|tlc 
wTiieJi inaj bo rallei] ;:iviLtst^d, aueli u^ (hf Spanish sfllJera, i» 
liable 10 become indoli^nl uni] lo rC'tr:iirTDi]i% v\h>>ri tfK* fV>R< 
dilioriA of life orr vcrv' roM, With fiixtilv civilifcxi Tiniioiut 
coniinxii^El pin^nw d^'TtcrHh irk o ^ii}>i»n1inAfi> ileyiiv j>rt rala- 
rol wleciic^n: fur Buen italktcj^ do duI »upT>Liint aiiij t-xtift- 
miimtc onr ^n^llitr ac^ do .lai-riu^- tribe*, NovcrtbricH* the 
ttmre inli4Ii^e&t ir^-mtteni uitbin iW puime i^ormnonily hjII 
»iJon«d l^etter in xl\* long run limn the infenoT, and louvc 
4 more ouist^roat prog«nj, and tliiit h a form cf nfltnml 



PfctT I 

^l^ioD^ Tli!i moTu I'Bidvul <su»od of profrruM mam to 
cuiLiiftt uf a ^ood cducfltt'>ii ilurln^ ^xaith whilM the hrnin 
is j 111 prt-»!ii tilt-. Hii:l or 4 Li^li «litiji]Aril of >.*VLvllviii;t% Jitciil- 
vrU^ br 111* »blial nnJ btst uitO. ttubodiwi iti Iho Uw^. cuft- 
luflitt niiiJ tiadiliont of Uic nfiT.ii^n, ami mforccrl \>y jmMic 
npjTiinn. It vihriiild. licwpvpr, tir htirnp in piiiil, ttijil Ihc rn- 
lorttiru-nl of public iipiniori dqien^^P on our npj>ri?».''isU^n of 
thv L»|"|irohfliif>n nml iliwiiprobjit^'H of otlitrs; mul ihtt ujipre- 
mlion is fduinlcil on riir sunpHihv-. tthit'h it vaa UanWy In? 
douliU'd wa^ ->n^Tja41y Jcvi^loiH'^i t.^n>u;;lk nahirnl Hrli-^'tion ii^ 
ctit ill tht? mmi i:npurtant «kiueiit8 *jt tlie eoci^J iii«tinct«/' 

Ofi tltf ti'idtnff ihai aU HviHseA naiionn ii'ft^ once ^iir- 
liiTtiiiA^—T]iv pren'tit MubjL-t'l fiofi betrn lif.'aLiri] ld bo full and 
fldminibU- o muiiii^T Ij> Sir J. Lubbock/* Mr. T\'lor, Mr 
M'lx-Diina, and otlirn:, that 1 nrisl Ik-iv ^ivi* nnly thi^ liriitf- 
«>4t AuiiiJiiarir of tlieir reaulU, The ar^iiiiv-nU itxviifl^v fl<9- 
vanei>J by 1U* Uwko of Argyll "* an<l formerly by ArchUahop 
WhntHy, in fnrnur of the l^clicr that nmn aimi^ into th« 
uiifid u>i a I'iviltKL'd bftti^'. uiiil (hal all nivii^^L'^ Imve tiiuce 
iiuUi'iyoiK" ii<>n'inlaln>n. florm ia rit* ivi^ik in ccmipanft^in 
wirh Tbow? ailtuui^i-Ll i>jl llie olber sJdi'. Many iialkm^. no 
(louLt. Iiavo fjlltfU Awuy in Hi'illiutiou. and itiim<> iriay Uavv 
hi\>K-d into iittrr ltarljnri:tn\ Ibou^h nn ttiii; luilci' hi-mi 1 
liav** in(»T HJfli ni> oviiirnfv, Thi* Fin'gian* vt^iv jiniluibly 
comp^Uod by utWr ooniiit^rinj; lkord?« to setllo in Ibeir 
inbufpitablt (ymr»ln\ uiul Lhty nmy hnve lMS**iino in iMfiiwc- 
ipji'iit'i' Aitiir\tlLiI TMon* ib'i^iibil; liiit it voiibl br ilillirall 
to |irov*> ilmt tb*>y hnvn fallen riiich below tlio Botooudi^ 
wh*' iiihabjl tbc HiKfit imrtn cif Itriuih 

Tlii* I'vidnur IW all riviliM^il n^ilitin* arr \hr ili^niid- 
nnlft of hirhnrianii, (^misitft*, or the '-np ^idi-, (if rli^ar trncrfi 
vi lli^ir fonnt>r lo'n' cuLdition in r-till-cxiHtjn;- ra»1->ii]», br- 
ll-ffFi. laii^'ua^^i:*. ^<\i ami tkii i]ir ftllii-r vH}t\ of ptiviifK that 
ittvntrM orL* indo-[H>iidrtitly able to nue tbrmK^lvn; a f<TW «t<'iK 
in ihi* fcaJo of riviii»u)ttc>n> and ]ta\e Actually tliuA Hmd. 
T))^- pvid^Tice oil tbe llnit hoad U extremely cruri<>iifi. but 
coatiot bt* Kere pven: I rifiT in ?iaoti cart*'* nw that of thwart 
of 4-iiu rite rat ion. wbirh. n? Mr, Tylor clf'nrly •■hew* by n-fer- 
rnt*** trt tb<^ V'-trAa »Xi)\ nmi\ in flomfl places, ori^.'inat^d in 
counting the fiJiKtrf, lirvl of unt^ Kurd tind of the 

■M km uiikli inJebiAl tA Mr. JiiId ■■'Oq the Orifiu cf CiTiliuLiiaJ 

llitp<uljlKt:«ft.L]vi<t1rx'a«']j*s>rH' iait7. 

ir. V. 



nllirr, utn] liislly ot iKr Uh^ Wi* hftvp Inuvji nf ihi« in tvar 
iWimtil jivstptn, ami m ih^ domain rHTni-rals. where, 
llcr tlu- v., MJik-li 14 nU[j|KirL'(] 1i> [k nil alitirevEUtcd pirturi- 
rlmiiUlk l[Jtiil. nt )>u<o rji) Ut V(-, ^<--^ wliru thi> olfirr 

ti«> doubt irfl* U44>(1. *iu n^in, " wti^n wo epeak vi 
iTue-^curc Ard wn, wc ore tftiiuLin^ by Uie vi|,'«siinal nyi' 
nil. eakL-lL HM>rr thij» tijeiilly imiile, Ktmidlntt fur 2(^ — tat 
me nmn ' v a Ml^xioili] cir furih wouLl put it-" ** Aciord- 
Ij! to a \aT^f Jind incrpa^ir^jf f^cl^xil irS |ilLiluI'j;,'Uth, t^verv 
ii^MLri^c U-an lliF* iH^rk^ of \in sluv unil ^^nidikLiI rvoEulbir 
it U with Iht- art of untinK* f*>r l*'tlfM un- rudimcob of 
kUm»l fi*pTvsonUu<in*. U h \uu{\]y (HiN-i + ilr Im read Mr. 
"Vf'LffinsihV uorL"'" nn<1 ri>^t »iUnU ihh\ alimwl al) <ivdi**?d 
nahon^ elilJ rulajn lnL(CT< of nm-h rudi' hnKitii ^r^ llu- f^mriidf 
iplurtr trt ttivrt, Whui n^niml iifilioir uh l!n' Kiiur- .mllinr 
iii,, niti Im» n<»ini tlifll vi'ni ririgiuiilh unm^^moiiH? The 
'iiniti^e idea L-t jiiF^ticCi as 4hL-wii by tlic Llh' of titLltl^ und 
llipr L'a.<otii;i t>r iilii<h wMljCr.i i^lill rtiimin, nn^ liki'wi^t 
ickvt nidc', Maht rxiidinj^f fluiwTftition^ aro tUo nrrannniti 
former filw relipt'iis bflicf*, TliC hijrhc-al fonii of reli- 
ictti — i\vt >»ri(nl idfii T>f *i()d buliii^* T*iii Hiid lij^iii^ ri^Jdtuus- 
It* — Ml* Liiikm'U'n dMring )'rinn*vs! tim*'*. 

Tiimine to t}»o oUj<'r kind of cvidrnw: Sir J, Lul^bock 

la ?hH*h ihiif Wipn-- fHLji^ft^ biivt- n^reiitly irtipnurd a Utile 

wiiiu* ijf Ihiitr »im|il4-r urt*. Krom thr ovtri-iutly iiirioun 

^colJ^t nhich he ^i\tf i>i the vrnpi~>ni, tni:>|N, nnd iirlfl. in 

Le Aiii'tnpr^i Mi\n^oE in vnrjoiiq [^rt^i of 1li4> witHd, il t^nnrnd 

douLted tLlEl tlu'M-* Imvi- ii«url_v all becm inJ^-poiideiit diH- 

»T<Tif^ iTiicvplinc pcrhnirfi Ihr nrt of nuikinj; tiTc,'" Tht 

ili*lniliRn hftoniprai^i: is n good iiuIhrpp nf on** smTb indp- 

nrkrit Tli-(^aivr>\ 'I'he TahicjADj when fire! vjsifed had ad- 

int'p^il iti mnn> rrapi-t-bi U-jnnd iIil' i nluiHUnl? uf tutifit of 

U' fiihrr Prtlyiip*^ifln iilntidt Thi*rr nn? no jusJ grounds 

•r lii^ bdief Ihat tht* bijrti ndhin- of ifao ftiitirc IVnivians 

id MeAicAiiH WHH lirritnl friHii abnud;" itian^ ualive 

i('wiiie\Hitu^l1<-iii Ank'KtvhrruUt 

lb* *twnt btthk>r, .n tfi ■ NorUi 

. ^[»- 

■ AfLjull 

I vii Fvl', 

-._ I" Anllift>- 

ilflcv fmiitft Uati m llLini4-iiv(ii] rJiv 
Old Tc*(aiiiT«LL" 

yin »'h*mrf ill TtlftrV'fjirl^ Hl-tiry 



P*w L 

plflhtfl vwrfi Ibew otJtivsleJ- am! a fow native tnimnlit c!o- 

jtBVPlk'iik'd. \W filkoiilii hvtiT in min<l Hint, j[j{]>^iii>^ fmin tiiiJ 

KIJIHII ittflUl-lKV itf MKll-t llHK>il>|iairll.-h. « WAMitinM^' ('IV« fnjiii 

wuuJd n<ft linvf iirmUitnl atty murkL-J t-Rr*! on iIil- jHihv«, 
utilt^w thiL-y liful f^]n'iHiv Im'I'oiih' »i}Mii'wt»i( mlvimri.'f). Lm^k- 
iu^ tij Ik vt.'r\ rumi>lv |x*nod m tlu* hjiJltiry of ilm worl<i, wi» 
iiml. to iinr Sir J, Lubbock'^ w4?ll'kiiowii teruiH. a palto- 
lithkr anrl Tii^olithH^ pprii^; nnil im uru' will ^rvtiuJ tlml 
tiiv arl cif i;nu<lni;f rouj];h tlint tccl^ wa» a burrovoiL on«. 
In nil [uirU *»f l*ui\»|ir. ni fur ctwI ha Greece, in Pal^nUiie. 
India, Jnpnn, Kpw ZnEilnarl, nmt AMou. itidudiiij< K^pt, 
llinl UxiIh haw Wu disLOM-rvil in abniidaDcc; and iii ilicir 
iL»r llir i-tinliiiy iiiliHtiilnntn jTljiiri no trmlilum, TiLerr- jh 
a\ao imlitvf-t oviiWini" of Ihoti' forini?r Ui^^ l>y tb^ ThiniwT 
nitd MiicLi^nt Ji'iAF. IIlikp Hkw uiii tiurdlv W u d^JuLl that 
Mr- i^tiHliilHrtl.H of I herti' i'ui]|ilni*«i, uhji^h Enc<li]c1r< ni'iLrly Ihi? 
whole cinliwtl worM, ^vi^r^• ^tirr in a barboroua ccndilion. 
To bclk'v*^ thflt nja!» was aWigimlly avilisod and then buf- 
fennl iilti-r dE<;^nidulioii in »o many T<tgionK w Ic liike a 
pitiahLy lov vnw of humiin nnttiw. It h apparently n tnicr 
and morr chocE Tnl ik'V Lhat ^ru^ivw Itji^ W^n itiiirli iju>rt< 
j^enpial (han rvtrof;r«<»ii>n; th»i nmu Ikiw rin-n. thou^'h liy 
Blow and inliMTiiptf-d stc^'i'i from a lowly condition to tho 
hi^hrvl htnmlnrd a^jrei atUtn^ by him In knowl»>d^f, nifirala 
urd religion. 




ritmi *o1 thr (Juri'lni'jiuifc— |f«f;b Hif rnnn mih i* rirThj'Uct 

Tritiii 'Ha BRlMClir*— Lftrlj nivtm^jn^HA fimdiUim tjf th« V*rt*Tir«U— Cmi- 

KVKS if i1 br jrranLeil Ibat Uii* diffprrtir^' }H>lwi'Pn man 
nnd \ih wsiWHi alliis ih an jfivBt. in r-oqxiroal structure m 
flomp rutifra|]^1« nutnlnih, ,ind «lthou|-]i w* muft Kra»t tbut 
the difftirnn* lirtwci-n tliL'iii iv jniiiirii^tr in irrntjil |Miiv(<r^ 
yet tlin farU ^itn in Uie i^niUti' tha[itifr« sppt^ar to decUrflp 

CftAP. vt 

ArnsmEs and GESE-aooT, 


in thr pUirutt lautnior, lliat man Is deptitinlcd trtnn some 
linrt fr^iii, nciTniriiMflmlinK lliut [;H>iiticctin|E-1ii^^ hmrv not 
hitherto lin*i5 ditf'nvf'TPfi. 

Mat! \» liatilf to nuiueroii^ slight, and Jivmifit-'d ^aria- 
i'liMO^ uhirli are iuEhu'fi] Sj llie atiiw jijeiiL-ral i^hubps, hti^ 
^nvnrn^d tm] tmtivmittod in ftr('c>rdHnc?o with thc^ midl* gi>n* 
«>rel Uw, a^ in Hlc lowir aniTiiaU. Man hH§ utTtlttplipo en 
rufiill^p ihni lie bun uecepMitxl^' W-ii eipircil |*i nlm^^'lr Tir 
<-xwUiict^, *ml cfl[i*o*jutijih' lo milumi mrkttion- iU Imn 
^ivcn ri»c tc inanj r*ici'?i, eaifnj of wliidi dilTer w» niudi fr>m 
etnAi uMier, tEmt (h>*y Imvf' nftcTi Ih-^ii rjtnkr'fF 1i,y iiahiniljhf>4 
m d>stiu<H KpK-ivk. Hid Ixiilv la uouKirticIecl utt thi* ^aiue 
h«tnoloi!icnl plnn a^ thnt i~>f t(licr niAnkFifil*, Mr piiMtr^t 
tlimiigh the winic iitiHM'h uf f-mlinolu^'iral (li'v<'|iij.»iiKTit. fie 
rofdiDB many rudiui'^iilurv uuti luelt^ Hiruclurw, wUich no 
(JouU vrrc f^iK'i? KfTici^W-. CLdrmicni ficctiKiixially make 
IWir r^-«pfipar«nci» in hitn, which wf htiri* tpBKnn lo bptipvo 
wer« po*ttw«i?<l In- hie lurly ^rojfonitora. If the on^ia i>f 
tnnn ndd Vcrti wlioHy difTi-rent frt^iit thai of fill ijiUrt ani- 

cr'p1ii>r)t: bul aui.'li Jill d'ltuiEvtr^n i^ incnxliVjlr.-. Tlir.'r^c a]y- 
pe^ttnllceik, i)ii Ihf oUtirr tiMJuf, utt- intr||ij;ililt-, nl hiiM Ui A 
isir^p* fftlPiit, if ntat) is Ihp oo^lew^rHiint with fjlhcr mjun- 
miol^ of K-itie iiukrM^wii tiiifl lower form. 

SdUJc null) ml in tit, from hrin;; dii*ply iinjirrsM*!! willi thi; 
tnrnliil nnrl EiiirilTinl pnciT*m of men, nav^ tiivii^rd th« whol^ 
or^nnic woHd ioto lUrec kinKdom^ Ihe Humun. llu^ Animal, 
autl ihtf Vei^Urhli-, thuv ^Iviii/ tn rrij^n h M'prdriiU< kiii^clnin/ 
Spiritiinl fviwprp ntniint tip cfimpflrfd or clnHcorl \tv ihp niTtu- 
nuiri: hm he niav emlciivtmr i" ?lifvi\ us I havi.* floiK', Ihot 
Ihe iiieiilal fHi'ulliej; of tiuin niipl Ihc hiui-r nnirHuls iIh mil 
difT^r in kiml^ althonph immi»rw>ly in dopix^. ;\ diffs^n-ncc 
in ilcgixc, how«ycr j:tva{. J'>es iiui juetify an in pla-.inii man 
in El rli^tfnrl hiM^ilom, an itill |>0]'}iti[iF( 1k> tK<[<t iltiixlrali-r] b)r 
coDjparili;; llio mrntfll powrrfi nf two inscrti, n«mfly. u lot** 
cua or ^0*1 Ic -in sect and an anf, Hhuh undi:»ublcdl> brlon^ 
tn th^ ffliu^ Ha»A. The ilifTereiiee iK b^re ^'t-ealer llmnr 
thoufch of ft Eompnhflt diffmrnt kind frmn, ihul ln-lwoen 
man ami the hiehc^t nininTrial, Tin* fi?ni«lc coccim, whiUt 
yoiinj!, atinchpA Itfi^lf hy it» urohiwcift (-> a plan); *ncks tho 
*8f, but never moves npiin; tt fcrtitiin^d mi*\ \uya vf^ffn; and 
Ihia ift titf vholc bibtory. On the otJicr hnDd, to dci>aiW 


« 'Ie4lik*i *(railUl of LfLC i^i-^jI^fii ■»- <ii(j/ Will. 11. ItA^. J-p, Lff^lftlTk 

lh«f. Nab 



P^T L 

thr hnhitf and mental powrm of wnrWrr-tuibs vould rrciuire, 
as Piernr niiW hns slievn, a Iftriii* viAumir, I may, how* 
ev^r. briody specify a few ]>oin1^ Anit cc<r1amly ootnntuni- 
cate mfoniialuin to moh other, and M'veral uuil« fnr ihn 
Mmi* *f)rlt, or for gimn'M ttt [liny. They rt^<x»^ni»r tUcir 
f*llow-«ntt an*>r months of flbfence, and fM ^ympBthy 
for *acli other llity buiM ^rt-ol t(ii(icep, keep Ihtm rU-iii. 
diwi' fhc t!<*orfc in tJu- vvrrufig, ■ml \trm,l wnlnr*. Thry 
mnkt^ roiiifl ne well n= tunrol^. undtr rivers, (itk! UmipoPary 
briduefl ovit iWm, bj ilin^iu^ tojj;tiher. Tht) txjUfct fuod 
for UiL' eoiniiiiiiiity^ nv] wIuti jiti t>1jji'(^C, too liir^- fnr en- 
trnnt:*-, im hroi);;ht to th<> nrfil, Ihry ifnljirjEO ihp dror, n&d 
AftfTwanlft build tt Lip aj^aln. Th£> More uii beeils of wljicb 
th^y prevent th«* ^ennination, and vhini, if d»bip. are 
brou;;hl «p to tlic Hurfnco to <iry. 'J'hcy kotp ;ifititf1ra iind 
oth^^r insi-ff* nn milrh-env*. Thei ^ ojit. to lialll^ in T*-^ii- 
Idr hands, and freely «8oritic« their live-s frjr the <y-n»incin 
wcoL Tficy t-rni^imlc utvonJiii^ to u prvcvmccrU-d i»ljm. 
Thny cnpluri* *l:ni'ti, Tfu'y iih>it tlie f^jl^ *<f Iheir nFihidni, 
AC AVfll at lh<*ir '»Avn egp* an;) cccooriK, intri varrn ^nn* of 
th* m*t, iu -jr^jirr Uial IlK-y may be quably haLtht-'d; and 
irndlrHH Kiiiillar ftrl* rutild hv yf\^vii^ On ihi- tthfih% the 
dilToroncti in nioTLtfll powor botwoon ftn ntit nitd a i^ot^c-uji b 
iinmeiiAG; yet no ono lias ever dreamt nf pkcJng thc«o in- 
At^-U III diMtliieL elui^kf«, mudi !«# in dihlLn<<l kiiij^dittna. 
No doul>t tho diFTfirciiee U bnd^L*d ov^r by other initPOUi; 
and thi» in nol Ihe crtw with ruB» arv^ the liichrr npc*- But 
*e bave eiery teB«i>r to Udievt* ihat (be bre^k** rn ILe seriea 
arc Kimply tho rwulta of many fomiM hartujf become t%- 

Prnfes-or rhven. rfhinp rhii»fly nn |he *trtirtiin> of (be 
brnui, hiih dividL-d tliL^ niuinmatiJin ^irii^ itilo tmir muIi-cIumm** 
Onr of Ihff^' he drii)Ji'> to man: in nnolli*T \\e p]jmr> botli 
th<? Maniipialg anri thfl Mniirtiremfltn; »! thai hf miik^ nian 
aa ilJBtiDcl frnm nil nther mmiinmU m are Iheai? Lwo Intter 
l^mitp roiijoiiird Thill vipw bii* n*>t hi*<'n nrn'pti>il. hk fnr 
M I nm Awnrp, by any ralurab^t fnpab1» of foririinjc an in- 
dependent jut^jirment. fln*i liwj^fore need not hero be fur- 
ther numiilcnil- 

We run unflerptnnd wby a HnwiliralTftn frititid^HJ iin any 
tingle i'hnractL-r oi "t^An — ev*n an 'tcptn w wondcxfiilty 

■ SvTiik- nf iJni tf-rmt iritffviriiif fv^ vvn^intf Anih' **.. IWS, d»ft *L'li)' 
tni kiL>4ii Ly Mr Hull, in lilt ' K^lu' iVnirltDi, ' |I««iit <1a I*tii.i Mvutlc*,' 
UcgtfWgv^ ■dmlrfthifl voric, *)Ur- 




Chip. T1, 


eorapki ind imporbnt tm the Lraiu — '^r 'itt the bi^h d^ 
rdopment of the nirntiil fric-ulljn^ it nfimvt tcmt t'^ |iiy>v« 
uuMtUfadorj, This priDcipIc hne in<ic<tl bcoD thcd with 
hpnf*n«|iTrruui» iiiBti.'ta; l>ut wheu thus tlasaw! li> Uieir 
tubiu or inf^inc-U, the tirnntf^ment (>rov«il thuroti);hly arti- 
fkiAl/ CJaH?ifiraiioi»» mny, of count*, tic ba»cd on uny chor- 
nr-Trr u'lmli^iT, «!? uit »t£i.\ colour, or the eleiiicut iiiliubilifi]; 
\m{ tiMturalivU tuiV'O lon^ f(*lt a proronnd conviriir^n llutt 
fh'_'re t* a rutturni Jiytrip. Thu ayatciii, it is ii(»« iiriicniilj 
4tliTullr«i. iiiHBl ln^, a* far hk jMi?*ibh% ^iiK'Nlo^-Hitl iii iiirflnpi*- 
mput. — thflC ill the ci>-de«cen<laDU of ihe ^iii«> f^rm mn^i bo 
kept together in crc icroup, a[>urt Troni thy 1*0-^4x1 f^H in mU 
i>f any olber ivnni buf if thr [rArviit*f«^rnLi> iirr rrlalril. ko 
V1II bo thoir dcAcuodfiQtj*. »im\ the two gTrH|>« logHhor wilt 
form « Ur^r j^rnup. The amount of dilfi-iviui^ Iwtwwo 
(ho fiFvenl groiipK — that ik th<- iimmrnL i>f modi Hi-^l inn wliuli 
«*)i hue xiit^ir^jTie — U oxpreeeed by moh form* n^ goni^ra, 
fdtnibo. ord<'o, and rluKB, Aj wo hait 110 rtt^ord of Iht* 
Hfipii of dpfif*--!!!, ihi* pfdtgrpi" r4*n in- £lim**m'n"d imly tij i>b- 
wfTJng the dc;;r<«a ^f reecmblanci? J>otw<>pTi tbe beirufi 
wbidi nn." to he elAAird. For Ihia objoct narHenmfl |JO:u[a 
of ft-«*rnblBncv uri' of niti'^h ninir ifnpoTlwnci' ihun tbi' 
amo^int of eiroLlaritv or dii^iiiiLitarit^ in a few i>oinl*, W 
two UDin^f:e6 were rDunit to rfSfljiiiUt' eafh other in 11 imilli- 
ladn of vovd* nnd [wnnt* cf conAtrnction, they would b(r 
univorvilly reropniwl fl* hnvins «t>runff from a eommi>n 
Miurt^, fiolwitlislaudiii^' IliHt they dilTtn^l f^n^all^v in ^nnt? 
few vords or |.)0)i)l« of forwl ruction. But with orjiunie 
hnJniT' the pnmT*j of ri^inniblnneL' must not cftrntinr i-f fl<Jrtj>T«- 
tion.« to ^ifitJlur hnhitfi of lifv: Ivo HtiMtinln rriHyp fnr mnlaiLoe, 
bnv(? hAd their wIioIl' frum^ji moditiL-d for living in tbe kiter, 
ami ytix ih<^y will not be brought ony atvircr to eneh other 
in Ibr nyT-lrrn ll^nee we I'nn i^ee bow (1 U Thitl rc- 
KrmMflno^ m several uoimportaut itriHturen, in iul-Ipk 
And niUnnerdory or^in*, or not now funrtionnfly netire. ex 
in nn cmhrjologicfll condition, are hy far the nuiKl *i^rvicfl- 
Mf for elasjiflaitioD; for Ch^ ean hardly be duo to ndupTft* 
lions wilhicL a lute period; and thii» ihcy reveal the old Iid«* 
of descrnC «r of Imp flfflnlty. 

W^ COD further ee^^ vhy a jrreat amount of ni^jrlitiention 
in Bome on© ebarartcr ouKhl not in l<v»d im tn ^epnratr widely 
any tm*o nr^nJKiRK, A purt vhirTi jilrefldv differs much from 
LL« Bima part in other allied fonud haa ulnady, according 

< W^vml^'ICcdtni CUm ^niuKVU,' M a IHi\ f|^ ST. 



P4n I 

u> ih<^ t)u*or}' of Ltvi>1ulion, v«Hi.>iJ nnidi: mnfie(|ii€nilj it 
woiil'l (A)i !<it]i< n» the or^inUxn remainvi] vxpodod lo the 
tiairit- eicUiug CLiLitilionO l« liable lo fuHhcr rariotiotift of 
Ihe Mimi- kiiM; hii*! Itn?^i'. ir lieiiffii'ijil, woitld be pre«<-rvii<I, 
A&d XhoA be oontiiiLiiiilr uitjfiiieEUL:!. in mouy iiupi Ihf cod- 
tiijued dcvclopinvDl vf a pai-t, for instftnce, of ihi; iiunk of 
a bird, or of the teeth <if a mamntal,. would not mi! fhr tjjr- 
cics iu gttinu]^' itet foud, or Tir aa> ullitfr objecL; but uith 
mnii Wf (Tin viT no ilcfinit^' liifiJc to tbi* cotihiLLnnl i]tvelc>p- 
monl of tlj« brairi siid menial f^culliaA, »& fcir ii« jidvunlagL' 
ia euiKvrui'U. TlKTuftjrv' in Uotcniiimik^ the poaition of man 
in iUr. iiAturnl oi K^]iirjili>i;irnl flJ^il■lTl, ibc cxlreinc duvdup- 
ment of \m hmin nught riot lo outweigh u multiiudL' of rc- 
sembluucve in uthci \cva im|X>rtaut or qiiitc unimportaiit 

Tint ((Tontpr Rumbcr of uAtoriliKU i^Ilo havo fulccn into 
conoid era tit'D the nliuk- slrucluir of umn, includiDg hi« 
meiLtul fut^oliic-.i. haw follnua'd BlLiineiiljAch niid C*ii\ier. 
«nd hnvi; [ibtrod num in u crparntc Urdcr, under the tillo 
of tLo Biiu^Ekaj and lliLTcfoic uu £& cuualit; with the orders 
of till* Quudrum.ina, CdniUuraj itv KecL'ntIv uiany of our 
bc?t nnttiriilij-t^ b^vc rcturR-d tu ibt vitw first propnundH! 
hy LiiiiiitTUs. *-« n^nmiJuililf W lu» M^'Hritv, aud lm\e iilaueU 
xcitin in 1hi> lUimv On\<^r M-Jtb IhiT (JuniirumAUit. uudtT tbt.' titl(< 
of tlic Pniii&U'fc. The justice uf tlii« conclutioii wlU be ad- 
uiitlivl: fur in Ihi^ firnt jtl^vf^ rtt must lit-iir iu miiul Llie i-om- 
pftpativc ineipiinodiiee for olflMificalion of the prent rirrrlop- 
ipeui of tiler briilii in man, nm] ihni Ihr itrun^'lv-iimrkHi 
diUfivTioi** Wwpon tlio skiilliJ rif man and tho t^umlru- 
niQua (Intviv imtiKleil upon ir)- Iti^tborT, Aeby, ami olhi^ra) 
H[i|i(ity'n1Iy fallow fmin Ihric dilTi^rpnlly drvrlnprd timiiH- 
r» ttii? ftor<»nd |dace. wo mii&t nrn»<»iBber that nearly nil thfl 
other ftud nupre' lnii>i>rtniit diffprenrra ln't^rt^ii rnnii ^rid the 
QiEHdrntiianfi nrv mttmUvilj Hi1ii|itlv£> in thHr mitan', tind 
rclntP ohietly to the crcd ixtfition of man: ench a« tlio (rtmc- 
ture of bis Wad, foot, and |iul\is. Uiv? turraturc of his kplne^ 
and th^ )KMllion of hU Iiwid. Th« fjimily '>r Sr^U oiTwi 
A l^lod illtintmlion of the ^mnll imp'>Hnnr»? nf i]dflT>ti>e char- 
flder# fur clatttlficfltLutL TljeMf diiiiiTfila dilTe]- fiuiit all uthcr 
Oflmlvoni in the form of thi'ir lvnli« umi in tiie vtruolur^ 
of tlicir limhn, tnr mflrr fhnn doe* ninn frim tho hijrhfr npM; 
yrl in mti*l «Y*fi'in*i. frviin that *>f fuiirr (<» thi* rnf»ht rtfmt 
0119 by Mr. FJover,* al^aU htv ranked as a aoere family in the 


• ■ ifoe. Z^oKf. fiab< tMI, ^ 4 

Oil-. T1. 

AFrivnrtr-s Awn i»KXKAr/K*T. 


Onfer of th« Caniivnni. If ntAn lit^r nnl hepu h\a own cloul- 
fi«r, ]i« would never havt^ thought ol foundmj; a aefiaratc 
onW for hJH nwii a-ifiitif.m 

[| voaM I* Iwyond rnv limiU, anrt ijiiitp ho)'on*f my 
knowlcdg:c, cun t<i jwrnc the inmimchiblf poiala "I efnic* 
turr in ninth Jiidii rt^cir^w uilli llii- iithrr Pnrn4li"»- Our 
^rcitl tuii^muti iind philtimtjOii-r, IVfif. fluxltrv, line luUy 
diMTU^fcJ \\\h Mil>]riU'^ hititi conE'liidc? ihM mau iti all part* 
g( hit (TfUMiXfiTiriif ilifTtM^ li-t^ fn>in iTie }iLj;lit<r aih-i*. {]ian 
thM<! do from Mil* lowtr uii'uiWi of (he uinic proup, Vnn- 
vcqucntly thc^re " i« no ju»titic4lioii for placing lunii in a 

In an early part of Ihis uork I brau>;ht forward various 
thcU, twills hoir da^rlv man A£ri<t^ in con^iln iittou with 
tliv highpr niHimnftUL nnH tliii: Jigr'-(>ni4<ni mnH <)epeii<i oq 
our cIOBO aiitiilariU in luinuk' rlructuri: unit (^^u-imt-al com- 
jw>jtit>n- 1 g*ve-^ IL-^ ii)^E4m\?i. our ]i>i)utit,v lo llin Kimr i)i«* 
iWH'i^ ami to Ihr- iLfUi<k>i or aWM jmrntitpi;; niir t«wtN in 
conimoD for tlit* i&mf ^tiinuluut^s. anJ Iho »EmiLar cflot-U |}fo- 
liuoi-d by thcuj, aa wdl an bj vuriuun (Ifvgv, aitd olJit^r «ti(;h 

Aa flmnli unimportant pomta of rca^mb!nnci> bHwocD 
man BikI Lhe Qiuiilnim^Eii nn^ not tuiiiiiiurily riulit^Ml in sia- 
tomattt? workd, uiul u. nlii-ii nitnieroiu. th«v doarlv revent 
fliir rcUtion^hip. I will i<pf^ifj n frw wjch pftmU^. fht reia- 
live piwilion of nm f^itiiivi iw maiiffjstly i\u' Bam»>. an^i Ihe 
vuh'^uE oifi[>Ui^n£ aro di^pln^^^t bv iK'^rlv jfiuiiljir iik'ivi^mofila 
nf the miirtr!n< ant] ^kiti. cliirtly aboTt- Ihr cjrbroTrii Atirt 
rotmd ih** mniith, Somr frw (?vyirp*i-innn nr^. inrlopfl, iilninEl 
the damr. ad in llio wi^opmj; of ci?rtflin kiQilit of morikoya and 
in the Uufrliir^ noirin madr by othvrt*, duriii;; uliicli llit; 
rornpr* of (h^ inntith nrr limwri Jwckwnrrln, anil iht* ]owi»t 
cyclida vn»klixl< The (it«rnal i?ar« arc cni'ioiuJy alik^ 
In ii»n Hit ncK ip much mnn? |>n>miniMit than in mnal ition- 
k^y*; hul wc mBT Iracx* tbi^ coiiiTni.>no(*m<-ui of mi a^jiiilino 
(rur\miirr in The iio*c of \hv Hoolock (liJibnn; anri Ihin in t!»c 
Semnopitjifvtij' murifu \t< t^rrii^ In a ridiruluiif t'ltftiiue^ 

The fucci; tit many mnnkrys jin? r>rnjmi*?nl«i «'ilh boaH(. 
vbi*kffre, or mrnifttv hcs. Th^* hair on the bwid jrrowg lo a 
^(<al 1<<n^lli if^ ^Tiii' ^|^eclf»>* rif tSeiuimiiftbKJj"; ' and in t!»n 
Bonc«1 monk«y {Marant* ntJUfut) il miliuit-* from a pabil 
OQ th« CTowD, vith A rarting down the middle. It i« com- 
monly nid thai the forehead gtves irr man hJ9 nohl« »itd 



Paw I 

inMlerti^a] wpiwnrantp; but llu* tind. hjiir on tbp li«id "f 
the Boonet monkey t^rniinafea dvwimanlii abruplly, «nd bs 
BUcccciicil by Utxir io iJiart 4ind fine tlut nl a Iittio dutntlci; 
th*i*ff)r*'1iC3if!, wil^!i fill' i-\prptinii ft( thr r)r|)foW!i. np]Hiir> 
lile tiak^'d. It ha= b-?*^! *>ri'i>rwni]jfJy a^^Hod Ihat ('yi^browt 
nol ptvflnit in any mouke^'. In Uit epttii^w ju-l unuirj 
Hir' Hr^rmr nf HHki'iliirT* uf tJw foMHiiui ilifTci* in dilTiTt-nl 

indiviJuiilfl: and E«chricht alflt^s ^ that in our tlijUlfrn fhc* 
limit iN'IncL'ii tftf Imirv sniip dud the uaktHl f<^ri^hra'.1 is 
fomrtimr* no\ woU dcfintfl; s» iliu! htTL- wo wrii to have a 
tridiiit! ""aw of revcra^n tJ> a proiiciiitor, in whom IJia fore* 
Iwkd hrtil iM>t an jrrt ln-rume <|uit*^ nalti'd- 

It JB wdl ktiovn that Eho hPir oa our «riiii iL^iidii to 
COiivcrir<" from nbcivc and hfhff to a point ot thr clb<*w. This 
[jLirttiiJb HTmnj^^'Jirnt. »tf utdik'.' that ili most ut the !^>Avr^r 
mumrnalt, is coinmou lo Iho gorilla, (^himpan^tt-, orang. some 
epccb** of LlylobMcer and r\*:n t<> j«>m[- ir-w Amcriran mr>n' 
kfv*. Iliit in U^hhftfm (XtfiliN tbi- bnir iiii th*^ fon'-nrm ?*< 
dirot1^*d dowiin'anle or towurde iLo w»ibT jn tlK- ordmary 
mnniii'i": and ii3 //. U\r it in nearly erect, with only a vi-ry 
Hlight. rnrw»r<1 irrliindinTi; *n that in thi>i htMrr ^ii^'t'iit U 
is in n tiMr^ilLimat Mate. If can hardly bt* doublixl that 
vith nitvt l^ala^laL^ the thj(:kn(<4<i of thf- hair mi tliii hack 
and iU dir<'clicin, i* iiclnpttH! tn throw off thp min; nvrn thn 
tran^jvcrer* hnirt on thi> forr logg of a dofi may i"*rv« for lliie 
md when tie 16 coiK-d ij|i a^Wp. Mr. Wallaci-. wlio ha» tuns 
fidly idTiilied ihe hjihtli of Ih^ nnm^, n-'riiLirkv t^uf thr* co^i- 
vcrpcnci^ of thi> hair 1o%-ardji fhr elbow nn thr aifT» cif Che 
omng nifly W c^plaiiioii Bb rtervJng ti> ihnm "jff thi- rain, fiu- 
this anrmnl durirtg rainy wcsther aEt^ trjlh il» i\in\» th^nt, iind 
tvUb tho liandfl clBKf>nt rnund n l^rnnch or over xXt' hcad- 
Acpf^rdinp In Iiirin)pitoni% the j^niilla aIbm '*nit8 in {>^Uin^ 
rain with hm handu 0T«r his h^ad/' ' If Iho ahovo evfdai^a- 
ti«n ia correct, aa secmfc jFrobaHlr. tho diivctiftn of i\\r* hair 
on our own ann« olTn> n rnrioiifi ipcc^nl of our fori)n-r Ftittr; 
for T\r> ono EU]ipoft<-( thnl it )* now of any nso in throwing 
off the rain; nor, in our pre^fnl nt^X, corditinn. i* it prop- 
erly dir<*tled fnr lliw picrimjip- 

It would, howcvf'r, ho r*^h to tm&l loo much to th« prin- 
ciple of Adaptation in rt^jard lo thr direction mf the liftir h\ 
matt or \\ih eorly proj^eniiorn: fnr it i* inipLnnlilc to itttdy 
the fl>;urca giv<TC Uy tl^ehncht of thr armnpcmcut of Ihfl 

•'r*Ur Jie KicJiEuuf J« lliw*.' ■ ij^-hhI M H**J*i, 'Th* ktAim 
iL<L. MnlUr^ 'ArohW iRij-AuL und KkU-l, Book/*^. L, lK7li K IAA> 




Out. VL 



bftir on tho huiruui fo^tuii (tbU boiinf; the ttmp m in tlio 
adult) ord in>t obt^ nilh thi* ^irullml <ih*rr\fr thai othci 
Hnd mur^* l-oi])!)!*-* caiihtii lr«vp int^r*^ri^l The |Htinift nf 
cf»Tivi>r)^^i:tt tcL-Tti l» stand m rtc«u>j rrlatiin lo ihofv p'>]Hls 
ID the cnibnx* whicl^i njv U^t r|ii*i^i in cjurtn^ <I^Tplop]nrnt 
Tlier*' nj»p***r«i nUii, In fiUI Homi* Mfltinn l>phi'ppn fh*» nr- 
ruai:L.-iiii?i3t of lliL' Iiair ou thv limbo, und thf> c^out^* of iho 
nu'dulljuj' arti'rii-j,' 

man and ccrUic Ap<« in the a^xivc nnd in many nthfr (jrtinU 
— -wmdi fu ill having a tmK'il forefwwJ- long lufthrs ou Uie 
hold, Ac, — nro ill niK-'ouauly tli« retull of unbruJcvn iu- 
hfrrilan^t from s «>ininott pnnrccitor. or of «ub#(^uont, n* 
v(-r>iuii. MaD>' of (h«De r«seinb1aQtr« are moitr jirulitiMj 
due* \o uiia!i*);oiiB vnrtAtion. whicli foUova, a« I havt^ eliv- 
vhcrc attrinftftl to nhcv,'*' from co-dc«ccndi:d org>lm^mi 
having H HiMiifjtr i-iuthliii^lioT^ ami hnvjii;^ Ik-ctl Mitnf uti hy 
hko mudut iikJuiLint* Bimitar modiGcatioiu. AVitli re4|icc1 
to the similar ditvcliOD of the hnir cm the fnrr arm* of mnn 
Hni] cerlain ir^r^nkpyK, re fhiA rharactipr if rmnmor tri nlmni^j 
all lh« (inllih>|>oniorphoiw ap«, it may prtibablv Ih? at- 
tribtitrt) to iiihfritaucT; but lliU i* not rcrUin, (w »*tmc wrj 
di»linct Amcricar nxinkfly* aiv thus chanic1^rLw»d. 

Althou^rh. oa wr huvL- no^ Bn.'D, man ban no jiiai rifht 
to fnnci 1 >r|Hira1r Orrh'r f(*r hiK nvn fFCcritioO, he* rnay phT- 
hape claim ji ilifltmct Sub-ordi^r or Famiit, Prof, ITiivlcv. 
in hia U*t work." <ii\»ltH Ihc Pnmatw into ihrvr Kub- 
nrdrm; namiOj. iUv Anthmptila' wi(h "mn alnnr, Ihr Simi- 
ftdw iTiclnrlin^ moiiLi*yii of all kmdj, and the l>>miirid* with 
th^divi>rsirM cerifra nt lemurs. .Ap farae difTvn'iKfa Jn cer- 
lain iai|H>rtnnl p<»irl* nf (ntnuHiin" nro <-ont:rnitd. man niuj 
no donbt rifchtt/ rlaim the rank of a 8ub'<iH«r; »nd this 
rank is loo low, if we lonk cbklly lo \ua Tu«n1al faculiiea;. 
Xpvi*Tthr1<-u, from a ^^nratripii^al funnt of irii^vr it H|t(>^art 
that IhU nnk w loo hij^h, and that toAn otiKht to form 
m«Mj a r^niily, «r |W»tiiblv wi^d ouly a Sub-fatiiily. If w 
ima^Di^ \hrtv Tinea of d«aei«nl |>rrv>>ediTit- frotti o ntmrTkitr 
atock* it in qaitr ccncvirtblc that ivfy oF thrm ini>rtit after 
thr lap«ff of a^efL \}p ao slightly rhanKod aa atill fo rpmain 

* Od iKi hfetT in RylotiAlH. to * K>i. 

tliff 4w«iHB itrtiiVffv aikl othflf 
Il^U, Hl't \fL <Unr vol II. |jU«. 

!, ffli* 441. EwlinfM. >ti'l t M. If^ 
I. Ottii^^Antt- at Vtriit>nii^'^nl 
lll^«l>. WsllKv.'C'^aif&biiUoiuU 

p. IM. -The rarlft^i^h tf ^niufcl* 

Mid tninm Liniltr f»viir*4lP4iloi]; vol. 

*" ■ An Imr-rlBiliffli Ia iJi« r|jiiHifl< 
<«t*ua nf AiiiiunW IM9, p. W- 




bvcoDiQ m gri*ni\y m<T(hfii d ua to dpBcno to rank as a dmUnct 
SuVfamily, ci civod Ordr-r, Bui in Ihm t^anv it iii nlrnr>:il ivr- 
(ain Ihitt Int L^inl lute Anuld otill mUtin through inKiTilfliu'i* 
numrri>u>i muill i^riinU of rpHMiiblimrr with Iho mh^r two. 
Hop**, Jhcn, wouM occur the dittkiiltVi at prt^acut in-'oluUc, 
liiFW iiiuih wfi^ht we "Jiiirlil Uf *i»i/ii in imr rlii»jii(U'jitin[i« 
ta ftl»tn;(ly-mnrk»'d (lifTi^rcm riJ iu toriir few point^s — that is, 
to the amoiial of niridificntj*>n iia<:lcr(?Tne: anJ ii<jw iriu^'H 
to t'lfiMi? tvHi'mlilant<e in iiiiiikcrnirFi uitimpcf riant points, nx 
indifniUh^ tho Ibcn of ikKccut or Hrnwtlogy. To ahach 
much ffri^ht tn Ihc fnr but *troDg c1ilT<^rriioPs ia fhr? riiiwl 
nhvjon^ anH pprhap^ the aafeal i^uurae. Ihoufjh it apf^ura 
more crarrorl to pay ^rcul attpnlton i<y thr many Hmnll rti- 
^cmblflnrcsL, nai fiitin^ ■ tniTy natuiH) daw inca lion. 

In forming a jimgmcnt an this head with rof^renLV fo 
nian, w* itiasl ^lanct> ut tht- uluMiilication of thp Simiudir. 
ThJR family it« rlividrij by alrEinM afl natiiruli^lv [ii1i> (h(f 
Calnrrhinc >r'<*i>f'» or Olri W^rM nT>nl<e)-tt. nl] of \ihk-)t are 
I'hamc'tenM-'d (uti (hdr name tiprwawi) i>y tht* iitvuliar slnic- 
(Ltrf' nf tln'Jr nottril^. anr! }ty Haviri>r ftTi:r pnmohir* in rai-h 
jaw; und into th* PlfltYrrbiuf Rrr-up or N™' WorM monkk?y* 
(induiliii^ two viTy <lih1i[i<'l Hulj-p'uti(>H), all iif wliicb are 
c-haru(ir-nvn1 hy difTfrn^ully i^iirinlruHiMl rr^wtril*, ami hy luiv* 
inff fljx prciriolnr* in oni'h jnw. Some othi*r (aiall ditri^ri>m*o* 
mijrhl be Tiicnli*>fioi:L Nuw man urn^iii^f^tionahW holnn^^ in 
Kin fl<*nlilinn. in llif> KlriiHun' nf lirrt Mii<lriU. ami Hni\tv niiitr 
report*, to ihf' Tniarhinu or Old World dlviHioiu nnr ilow 
lif rtwiEiMc the natyrliiDca more clo*cly than the *'nUt' 
I'liiiH^a ill liny eharactcis. eiceptin^ in a Uv <if i\tA mi:eh 
impftrtanco and npparniilly of xin adaptive nntufv. U la 
Iherefon* a^inf^l all ^irfiWhilily that nomr New WorM *|jiv 
H<*» vhoiild haT# formerly varied snd fimdut^nfl ft mnr-hlce 
crtTiture-* with all Ihc cJirtinrfiTo c^hunkctor? proper to Ihe 
t)V World diiiwon; lo*inp at the mme tinw all it* own diii- 
tinotite i'haraplere. There can. conajiq u<'ntly, Iiardh h<t a 
douU Ihat man ia nn (iff-phool from Iht Old World Siminn 
stem; wnd tliut nndfr n sT'^nniUv^irul jioint of ifiew be mutiL 
b(i(*lflpwd with th* Calaphm<> divtflion," 

Tlie anlbropouKJtpboua apea, namely the gorilla, chim- 

VfllUUnfulf llip ittmT< flkHlflrn- 
Mr at liforn^ Mil m ^-Tnino^i. 

fliUrwikriYi. rfi>o; i»tvj p. itrn^ wim. 

flmitinl'lr, llin ^L»ilnr1ii- ^Wvh «nnrit 

Fliipklvlp.— IfiM^TwdlUUrirrniifoAri- 
tTnrlTii; ki ilkA I'LiiirUirk'*- Mr- bli- 
vifi Mill aTh^It* l>v lii4 •mm I'lrir i ■«• 



|j«iu£^, amtifZi fluO h3rloUlc^ un? by nuwt n«turaUd# (Vtp»- 
raCtNl fnwii Uir Liili<?r Old W<.irlJ iii«>nk«v», aa a difiUuct tttib- 
jfi^jupn I am «w*ri> tha: <imiiolH. reKin^ i>n l»u* slrat'liire 
of tbv l>miti, «lu*:f not admit the i^xiflinrt of thu tub >rri>u|s 
iind tjc^ ifiiuLt tL JH ■ brukvu one. Tliut the vrnug, a» Mr. 
St- <i. iliviiit ri'UMFkvL,^^ " l» one of the mciii pecuhar £»d 
•Wrfuht f'.iTiiti to l«* imjiit\ m ih<^ OeUt-r." Tht? rrouimm^ 
U(m-aulhii>|ju]tJi>i|ilj{rt;t Old Wiijy UM>nkoy«- '■^<-' ai;:Jiin lii- 
vidH by BoiiL« iiilur:i|jtU into tiPi:i or ihice iiTLdtler a^Jb- 
Kronpf; the gctnu SpiritK^pilbccutt, vtlh it.-i iivtuliur mux-U' 
lulled ^ointcb* bcin^ tTic t.v^n- nf titir *Ufh Mub-^n>up, But 
it «)rfi(iuv from M^ Uaudn~'9 wonderful dte^ownpn irt Attioa^ 
lb«t tlur'ittg Ihc klW>c4<tic priod & term L-xi^Ud th(^r<\ vluf^U 
I'OiniivliHf SriimitpitlivrLiM Hiid Macii^us; and ibi» jirolnibly 
illit«tnil4« tht- iiLtinTkor jh which th« otti«r and hi^b^r grou|« 
vcre "ati- blrndcd lo^reihcn 

tr Ihr iin[hnifjiiiJkoq>bikiM rt]iw Itn fidmitU^ tu form a 
natiiril jEiib-grotiji, ihon as man Agr»i>« with thi^m, nni milv 
111 aU iZx'Kie chankct«r» whkh li« puMC^^es iii (Ximincin AvtUi 
itic ultob' rufarliiiit.' (fniup. but in nUitj' itwtdidr r|ianii.4i']>, 
cucJi nn tbc «bci^o('iT af b tnil and of cnl]o«ttio<i, an<i in ^i^ctuI 
jkppetrjnce, vg may infer thai eonie ancR'nl meiDbcr uf the 
jinihmvi(itiiiirjiboiii4 tutK^rou^ ^axe birlh to ihilii. I1 i-f not 
probable thai, through the Ijlw of ■n^lojEouj: variulion, a 
nwmbcr of one of ibc jthrr lower stib'^njupi* shoulil have 
given rW li> a nukHdikt* i-[-<'aiure, rf^fiiimiTi^ tlif hr^litr aii' 
tliro]wQii}rpboiu upopi ti\ to inanv n-tpcctf. No doubt nmii, 
in cr>mTmr»iK»n with trio*t of hi^ allien has iindej>;oiir ui» 
ftlnifirnifintT iirnomi: oJ inojUflt'Bhon, C'M*flv in (onsei^nernre 
of the ^i^al d£<VL'iopUK^1 of liig tjrjun and bi:^ otviH yH>!ELt(3D; 
n«vt.-rlbi-li-A*. ur itiinjM )Nurr ifi mind rhfit he *' is but one of 
ttTTrnil pxc«?|jti'>nal fonii* (if Primalps." ** 

K*erv n^iturali^, uho bdieve^ in the pnneipk uf rvolu- 
tion, nil] grant Ibal tlic l^o nmiii divixioiiK nf thr Simindjp, 
njntielj ibe ruinrliinu and Phjfyrliire monkcijifl, niUi tlieir 
flnbjrroupBj bote all proceedt^d buhh' one extrcnKly 
ancient pro^emtor. TUt caily tWi-ntUiiU <if tlii* proK'^ni- 
loT, btftirt ihey bad diviTffrrl To «ny t'onsidpruMn r-vt'^nt 
fmm (neb *>tber, w<*iil'i Mill ba^^e foniivil a »iii[*lL- rjiiluml 
jh:r<mp; bnl ttvaie of the ?[fn-im ur iiii-ipjt-nE yt-wiTii vmili] 
bavi* itrefldv be^un lo iridiLrnt^ by t!n>ir riivrrginp cbBractrrB 
U:e future diftineliu markjiof tfic CaUrhine and I'lulyrltinf* 
iliTiMOft&. nenee the nLeiiiLK^iii nf Lbm supposed jimienl 



t»<t»QHict £Hlof, 90S.' roL vL 



r^BT L 

erotip would not Kiivc hvra hv umfunn la llielr J^^atJlioD* or 
in lln' flriJi.'lurt' of fTn-ir in-fltrils. ar* im* th*» etinling PBtfl- 
riiicc iiKiLkL'yK 111 uiic way nitd thv I'LutyrhifLCA in uni^thur 
way, tiijt v'ouM hnvc rii-wjiibkil In tlii* rc*8[>ect ll*r ttllicd 
I^eTrtiintln-. wtiich dllTer greatly from esch other in tlie form 
tif (lidp miutKltti/* Aud tu on eilnoidiiury dugrcv iii their 

Tlie f'aiarhln^ and Platyriiine monk^jfl ^gtw In a inuItU 
tu()« of dittradera, tu is ahvwn b> tJ]«ir unqueatLoauUv be- 
JoTiKinx io nnr am] the Minjc Order Thr mniiy chuntctcn 
MJiLoh thpy filitspwi in c'i>mmi>n cnn hsiR^ly lisve b^tn iml^ 
(icudv'iifly Jictiuirtd hy !fo iiifluv UiAtiuct apLvi'^jri: »it that 
Uitw- iharmti^ni inu*1 h*iit ln-rn inbrrlhii. Kiit n iiatunilJBt 
t4'nuld iiiidoultt^dly haro rniikod as nn »po r^r n monkey, tin 
uncii'nt form whidi ]Fo^L'a4r:J iiiaiiy chtirtiL^U'r; t.-u]iiiiioD to 
tlie CHlArtiin^ Hud Pbilyrhiiii< ciioukL-^^. utlki-r iliuntL'tcru in 
AH iiilt^nmiliatc oomlition, dnd i^timo frw. pi-rhn}w, dLflinct 
from lhc«*c non fi>ijnd iu vlihtt i^toup, »Vii<l a» laati from a 
^ri(<Hl(ij7if:ii] |i()]iit lit vie* br<h]iiLnt l» tin* t.'alnrfiiiit or Old 
World (itnok, wc tniirt cciticliidc. ro^rrvcr much tlif ci>nHu- 
6EOI] Miay ri'volt our jiriile, lliAt oui i^tly (■rot'enLtoie woM 
ha\t lii-i-n jjro^erly imi< dt-^i^'iiaEM.'* But wi^ muat uut fall 
into Ihp error rf tLi(>|>onini; Ihnt Iho rnrly pvtigt-nAtjrn c>f the 
wliiile Sirniun ttork. Iiicliiijinf^ man. U4if^ Jdcrfk-al mth, or 
even closely reft^inblcd, any oxi^riD^ ape or monkey. 

On ihr Ifirtft/ihti^ anil Antiiif/ittt 0/ }fita. — Wi" ari* naiii- 
rally li^d ti>on^inn\ ^Iilti' H'eih iho t>Lr1b]i1iiL<e uf man nt that 
utajp,' of dciifcnt when our prnKcritnfH di^rriicd from the 
rulnrhmft fclfirk* Thp furl Hint rbpy MnnjjpH to Ihin Etnnlc 
I'k-nHy flioM^ flml tli«y tnliabiied Ino Old \V*<*r|d; bul not 
Au.*lfnlb nor imj ocronic inlrtn*]. rti< »r may inft-r from ihe 
luHs of ^i^piaphim! diKtrlbtitmn, In cnch ppciil n^jj^ion 
of \Uo Wi^rld the living mammflle an? cloudy rolati'd t^ thp 
extiml fptfirji*^ of the ^aine re>nwn, It U !ln'r>^fort prolaUe 
thnl AfricH uut formerly inhfthiir*! l-»y «<xftncf afir* clrwely 
allird to (hr ^Tillfi end chimpanzee; and a" thefp twn apo- 
i-it'it are ni.ivir luaii'N iit^nmt alUej, it i« 4i}meuliut itK^re 
probablv ibat otir wrlr provfonifon litwl on the Afrienti 
coniinmt thon ^lucirbcre- But it i* UMtr*» to (prculntc 

Hrvr*. Murt? iDil Mi'hTt gp the 

*-*!. Ill, IMft. |k ft 

■> tlli'W liiiMi<<niit|'ilMii«afiiiiftiri' 
ph^lrcL. t^M ' ir#b*f iiv KnUtoli^iDi; 

iit wIiil^Il lie ifi't* In iltUil 111* vioifl* 




imt ttc Dryi^iiilLieruii '^ of tifirtcl, t)c«rlv m larn:* ad a 
Tn8Ti. nnd ciiArlT uUinl tip rirlolmtfti. PXif^H^I ]n Europe 

thr? rtrtli hu£ lurUinly uiiUergoue tEiuny En<flt rr^olutiunt}. 
uml ihin^ Imji liivi] niiipli- lime frjr ini^rnEitui on \\\t* Urgeet 

At iht period &□<! place, wlifnever duel wtim^Tcr it wn^, 
wb«n mill finit Id«t Hk liairy uovvringr hf probably in- 
JtQbit^d a kot c;cfat)tnr; a circa mfrtoni^e favokii^ble fur tho 
fTu^ifrruua Jit^t on whu'ht jud^'iDi; fn^m aoaTut^y, \tv njli- 
lintiTi). Wf aru f*r fntin kimwing how h-mg aao i1 wda whpn 
tnan firct dii^r^ from thcf C»tarhino Btock; but it may 
have occ«n#d »t an epoch aa remote ai* the Kot-i-rnr pemd; 
for tiiai ili<* lii^'htT apt* 1jh<1 JivL»rrt<>*i frinri tht* lowiT npi^ 
A* oaHy nfl ihr Upp^'f MiocPUP period ie ?l>rvn bv the e\H!' 
fiR^ uf llii' Dr^^tptllieeiif. We are alau cjuite i^'iKirniit hi 
how ntpicl a rufe f>rpi[iiifT[if. wbcilior liifth ov 1»w in Ihe 
fook', ttiny fw mndiHc"! iindrr favnuntbli- circumslrtncrsi wo 
lidow. lniAeitr, ibat ^'mie liftie rel«i[i*^l Ibi- Maine fiD'rn <iur» 
iofs ID ent^nnoiiit j^ptte of tiiiio. J'roiii ivbat w^ kvl* going 
ftu under domt"iiti«lir*n, wc Irflm thnt wmc of Ihe co- 
"iwcrjidhntft of (he ftirip t^iecii* rim> be not at all. snine 
a littlu. and luine ^<Mly ('bAn(«C4l. all within the same period. 
Thii* it inuT hnvc been witb mnn, who linw uudcrjciiTir u |fr<?iit 
AEJtnimt of moibrii-ntidTi in tiTtAin rlknr>4(-trr% in <hiri]iNri>Jiin 

with tbe hi}-}iora[X<4. 

Thr KTrnI bn-nk in the niicnnic chain l»?twHn man and 
\u* nmri'M iilli**, wbirh rnnnnt br hriii^trd nvpr l»y imj pi- 
httiil nr bviiji; i^pecto*. ba^ often be-'ii advancpcl ae o prave 
iibjrc.litin to Iht bolirf tb/it nmn ic di^irt-ndt'd frt»m ^ame 
)owi>r form; hut ihi* nbj*'i*tion ulW uni :i\y\\vur a( rrmi-h 
w<>i|!bl to thowe mho, frnin general reasonH, believe in Ihe 
p^oimil ]]iiiu*i[Je at vmduiiini. Brcakn oflv'ii nctur In all 
]iarU nf tin- hTir3i, notnn Iving wi<!c, *h«q> nnd tMin***!. 
{*tbt'Tf Itfw a»i in vnrions di>i;ri?ee: ra bolwwn tbc <*ron^ and 
iL4 oeaftTBl iilbi'f — bi'inrcn l\u' Tfl^■^iu^ ami Oie ulUi^r l/e- 
rnuriiT*'— 'bptwivn tlio yU'i^thnnl, mid in a mnru ttrikiujr mini' 
nrr li*>r«r'n lheX>mitbnrfivnchnfl or Kcbidnn, and oil other 
iii>jtjnm|p. Hill iKehe liiniLs di-pi'tid niL-rrly iin llii? iiuiiLbeL' 
tif rrlatol Uttrna nbT<b hsi-c bi-rniri' cKtinc^t, At kouic fu' 
tu^c [H?h<hl» tttit vrry diBtnnt aw mea^ureii by centimV*. tbf 
milmtl iai*i' uf man uill alnicK^t eiitlwitily eflermiiinti'. ami 

vPr f. F>H^U U^Jor.^Rnr \m SLi^w PmUn trvuf«« «b lul!*:' 
Jul tin Ha Ntfu^Mu 1*. IffTt JM 


THK hlWi:>r«IT *>F ma:*. 


r«[;]Act>, thp lavitci* r^xo^ throughriut Ifio trnrlfl. At the 

linUM.-ti haft n-iEMirWI." will nu ilnuliC l>c rx1<-jntiri;iti?iK Tkc 
brrak Ixrtworn hihii ami liU nt^arc-ti Atlici^ will lhi*[i 'h* a-icl«rj 
for it wjU intorvrni* l>ctwfi"n mftn in a more tiTiljjJcd tXaic, 
aft wv tuny ln>p-\ t^ru tliiiti liie CiiLiL-iifiidLu uikI --ijuitf ape as 
low nv u biilifHin* inhtc^l of u Quw belwccn tJie i]<-^ri> or 
Aui^tmliEkii ond tht." ^rilla- 

in vtmntK-\ mnii with hid upehke |irojj;eTiiIor^ co one vlil 
lay much Mirw on thi^ fnct who rattU Sir i\ LyclPct dU- 
■'Utihittit.'* wli''it> IiF hh^;\'»i that in nfl th^ viTrL4-ljiniti> c-lhuu^ 
thi' dLK'Ovory of fosril rcirjatriR Ijt^ boon & \cry ^^ow and 
frjrluiiniiA jimttw, Nof slumld it be f<hr^*otUii thut tUi»e 
rpgifiTiH ^ihifli urt' Ihr imiiiit likely tn Htriinl n^tmiliiB fttnin-ii- 
ni^ limn ^uth ^ine i?:itLnct ap^-ltko creature, hase not m 

ytt U-i-il sijiirflit-d by g^f^>logl^ti^ 

thtft man ^p|iirar4 tu tia\i> divcrvrL-d from \\\t CatarhiDe or 
Old World liivUiuii of !h* 8iiiiiQUI>L>, afCfr thi'*<> had di^ep^&d 
from th(* Noit World dirirtinn, Wc «iil now endciivour to 
folIo^\' the reiiiule 1mcc» of hi«i gcn(«k-^y> truiitjrk^ |irJnci* 
})uUy Co iht mtilLkfl] alltuilifi L>et^Mii ttii- various i-Eui^ws 
and orders, i^ith .-^c^tm- >\\^\A rt^foreiai' Im tfit' pcrioclrf, v.b tar 
dr^ a)if>*rtftiii('d. I'f llirir >^iuv('*?^ivr .i|i|>rjiiii]irr i>ii llic I'nrlh. 
The I^niund^ RTi»nti HpIom' sml ni-ur to the Simiojld*, and 
coiidtitutt' a virry dj^tifict fuinily 4>f t]jv I'muUtLB, or. aCLXjfd- 
iii^ To Hii>U-l ami <>UuTH. a dUliiici Onirr, Thin ^nju^j 
i» div@rf]firtl nrd hr^ikrit to an ifXtrBordlnnry di^j^vo, and 
incluiie^ wajiy abi>rT«nl forms. It liaa, tiiert-fDre. j-roUibly 
fiilTrrvd niTjHi 4?*linrlioii. M"ii»l of llir rpinaaiUn mrvivi- uii 
i»landA, fiurh o»- MndflffDR^'Ar and Ihv Malapn nrdiipt^lugOp 
vlierc tiit-y IiBvc not bct-n exposed lo «> wvcw a competi- 
tion a!» thoy Atiuld buve btvvi (.lO iie1l-ti1oc'lp*il t-oiiliii^'iilfl. 
ThU tZTT^up lihcirif^ prcM^ntji many Krodaiioivf, If^din^, lU 
Hurley ir-Morki^'^ *' ioBfiuibly from the crown mid sninmit 
of the animal rn>Ation dovrn to «T0£inre4 from vhleh ther^ 
la but ti dlep, m it (CL'nui, to the lowvnl, iiimfk'^t, nrd loA&t 
intrllif^riit of Ihr [iljiwnl^il mntniiiailm." Knuit t)ji^>4' vari* 
fiDft ii>iiflid^TntLOR>i U ]» pn>lj«ble that lli« Simifldw wpro 
oTi|:i]ial]y d<-i<;l4>iJ«d front th<^ |frog«mto» of the exiatiog 

Ol«r. Vt APF[>nTti:S AND QBKEAlXHiV. 


LL>miiTidjr; SDil thciw in tltdr turn from foTitw 0tiw<lm£ 
xtry low in fti^ nitiiiiTimlian ^prj^. 

The MfliwpmU hUdiI in inany luiportanl chsracUra 

IKIow the plii»nul mjiiutriiiU. Tliuy ajtiH-Arvd at an e&rVwr 

[^rtlrigirsl ni?ri<k<), nnil l\w\r nn^ wux fovnii*rly mui-h iiuinr 

.U'tuive Uiart at i>r«<Aent. H^noe (he Pb<r«'iiUln an* ^n- 

rrollf .'■Qfipofv^l to tiAvc levn <lT'ritc<l from Uit Imj^ket-ntata 

or Mjir^i[*inU; Hi*t. hiiwfvrr, fmm form* ri«iJfl\ HTM'Uihlixiif 

tit v\LHUik;; Xfur-ii|>iiiLe, UnX fivim lK^^i^ *iirly pnkgi]ni(i>jt. 

^^Ir ML>iioljr[ii:iU are pkniK allnxl la Iht- MitrHU^iiaK funii- 

lug n tliinl »ii(l «tiU Inurr liiviiiiuii in lUt* fjjnti iiidiiLtimlinii 

Bim*. Thi.7 «re ri'pr-t^uti.^J at th»^ pT*'srnl duy ficil*»ly by 

lljt- OttiJltiirihrmliui <xtn\ Fxhulim; ami tlie-*- tMo ftjriiift 

may Ih» uifely tmnith'n'il n» n^lni t>f n muih lnr>jor ^riiu|L 

rc|>ri:'iitt;U1ivc« ol vhult have bivn prvntnui ]» AiiHtinlia 

ilLtou^h «uai« ffivuitmlile cuncurTtriJr.i^ uf clmiuialbtKefc^ 

TbL- Munolrt<mAtA are emioeotiv jnlerMtijij^'. a« U'^Itii^ in 

[0rTcmI imporlotLt poinU of jiinicturt: townrdf Ihr doi* 

if rcptiJa. 

Ill iiilenifitrDg li> tnio« the jEenenTo^'y of tl^v Muiriiiiikli&. 
■tad llu'rrff>n' of nrmn. luwrr ilown iti thf netifT*, isv Iktchtic 
iftTulved in gmilfT wnil jirvnlrr i.bMiinly: \t\\\ jih a ni<i»it 
nwbtejudpv.^lr. Parkier, hm remarkt~<<].WL> liatv f-iHx! tvu^iori 
to wlicTi\ thai no Inic Ijin) r>r rrptili? inkncnc* in the liiroci 
lioe iif iWi.-iil. He ftluf uiri1irt4 t^i nn- i^liftt tii^^eniiily and 
kuQu']«d^^ cnn tlTeot. may comnuIi Prof. Htif^kolV workd.^' 
I will coDicTkt my^irlf wiili n few grnrtnl ro-morW, \^.vcry 
9vn\M\'u>n\*t will sidmil tbnl The five ^jreal verleltrnTe eln^i^a, 
liuinolv. Ttiflinifittla, htrdti, rejrtjli>v. airi|ihibitt|]e, uiii lUlte^, «rt 
defender! fmni jinmr (»ne pi*>tri1y|>e ; for tliey hnve much 
ill fJirnmiin, i^jier-iallj diirinu Thfir emhryrinic" *tnle As 
tlii- eU^ of Ii^Fk'^ 1^ ili<- niiM lnulv or^iinietM. jinrl apfi4^m<d 
Ijtfnri' ihr ojhrrs, ur iimy mtn^liido tUn\ a\\ lln- mi'ii*)irr> *»{ 
tJip vertehr^T*- kingflf»m nrv» derived fn>ni ^»>me fijhltk*"- nni- 
mjil. The Ulief ihal ummol*< m difilind an u Eiionkiy. an 
L-ivp}i[int, a hummiii^-ftird, ii itnnkr. n ftojr. »rd n iUU, &f.t 
rmild nil hjive fifininsr frnm llie >JHine [iRr<>nti, will npfienr 
morwiroiw to Iho?^ uho have nui iiltLiiclfd tti tik- Tetict 
]>rci|rrȣ uf aalurul lusUtry. Var thU lii^ii'f iuipliiv tfit< 

i-CTC Pn,f 


h« fm>!iftr* the plitlum « fSfm of 



PjLftT L 

lorxmfT cTiPtoncf of Irnkfi binding do«cly logellwr oJJ thiw 
forms, luiw ku uttrrrlv unlike. 

^VvlTtl]^ln«l, il i* ihtIhim ihwt jinnijtf of iniTtinU hnvp 
cJtiFtfii, f'T lio now oxint, which wnc lo connect ucvornl oi 
tlio i^ifiit v^rti^brati.'' doNOf more or U^** c]ostl>> We have 

ami l'rv>f, llTii;l<y Iiub diticovxTiHl^ arnl ia Lijrfiriin'iJ t>y Mr. 
VttiH" ftml i>llirT^ ihnt t^i- DinnMimjin^ air in iiiAnj' Im- 
porUnt t.>hnnict^r4 imvTincdUt^ Iketwc^n rerlaiii re|>lLt«fc ind 
cvriom birdft — l]iu lirxle refi-rnjij lo LoiiiK thi* v^iricli-lribe 
(ilM'If t-iidi-ulh II ttiilvly-ilifTujbtil n-numnt of it Lnrjcrr Ktunp) 
and llip AtL'hoojitifryx, Ihnl vinrtgp SF'i'oiiilarv bird, u'iUi ft 
l<y[^: iJjtuixl'Jikf' laiL A)i;ain, Qceordini,' to Pri^f Oniii." Ibo 
IHilliiuEinuriaiu — ^rejil awi-liuird-i furuifllml with jmildlea — 
QTViami mauT ttlTiniluii vilh IitlK«, qt niUn-r. utH^^riling to 
Huiloy* nltli ampfiil^jiai)!^; a Haw nliidi, indudiTijf in \H 
hl^hvii Uv^h aim] liidiiM, it- [ilnihl) a\\\v(\ Io ihe 
{jhikoiil fi^hi**. Tbvat! lulU-r tiiliea twtnntfd during Ui*? **rller 
j;c<Jvii;it.iil [KTiovlsi nn^ wore constmclcil <hh nhat |j4 iMtd 
a ^t'ti*'nili»i"*l ^Vi".\ tliflt is. th^-y iipeHr-Titiil (]|vfr>4iflKl ftllliiU 

ideo so d^<«r]jr allied to ampnibinn" and tifth't*. that uutu- 
ralksts long r1ifl|iii1«'d in whiHi nf ihoM* ivo ilnsu^-M lo mnk 
it: i1, ttnd qIm flotii^ fvw Ganoid fifTii'e, have h^n prv^rrred 
fn»in littler rxtint'liou hy inhabiimj; rivi^ni, whirh are liat- 
l-iiim of fi'fii^**. rtud nr<* n^Intrd to ilu* ;rn*n[ *Hti*r* of tU« 
ijtt'flM in llie eaiiK- way that jflinmt ar%* to f<.ntjn**mB- 

T.«i^liy, nii(- iiiii^lir iiJt'tiilKfr uf thi' JiiiitiHiM' and dJvcni- 
nvd rlan'of t)biit<fl. lumtrEy. tla^ Iqeui-'M or aiuphloius^ &a n 
different from nil other fiehcf, thai llackd iiuiiotainii that it 
<juj^ht tiv funii a diHliiiet duM in thr hrrrtelirate kiniednm. 
ThtH futli la roinarkuhlL* tor \U nejrativi.^ characlfre^ ii oan 
liArdl.Y he mid to pofupM n broiOt vrrlH^rul c^tdutun, or heart, 
&(.v; M that it whn da^xed hy r.h? oldor imtuniliH!:> anionpit 
th* tt-omift. Many yvan ajjo Prof, Ooodsir p(>n*t»ivivl tliut 
thf* lantxloi |>rr»ciit<id w>mtf aRinilim with the AA^'idians, 
whirh arv imi-rh'hnLtf'^ hi'miH|dinHli1[% mpiriiw iTi-atures per- 
inai^«iitiy attached lo n suj^port, Thpy hnrdly aji|wnr like 
aniimilv, and con-tihl of a wmpk, tou^'li. h^utliery Mck, with 
tvci tinall nrnj<<i-t i nir im!k*i^. 'I'hrv In-dong lo the ^rnlluH' 
rolda of lluiJcy — a lower dirinon of Ihc ^Trat km^uui 
of the Motluaa: lint (h*y har* recently iccn plnct^ by nonit 
natitralMa nmuof^ thn Vermes or woniM. Their brvw 

■ •r«lMM«laf;; IM<Mk It^ 


Cup. VI. 

ArFivrriKs anu fiE\EAUH>y. 


4i>iD4wh]it rL-<(^iiiIili< lm)po!e« ip ithii)H%** anf) hnr^ Xliv jHiAi^r 
of Axi^iiumin^.' irvfiy ubouL M, KoTakifiky " hoa lately oU- 
Mniit ibai llir Unit* of AsC'i«luii?t are rrLatt^il to tlie A ert*^ 
brnin, in Uunr munnvr of ijL*v^loi>mt'Ot, ju Iho rvlaiivi* puai- 
titrn i>f iho r<'rM>iiM xyHtcnt, nnd in iKis^ff^jin^ o ftructufir 
I'UiwIy likf Uie th^nia *ii>rAitUa of vi^rl'tifut*' uiiluibIh; and 
in thu lie Ji4^ bi^un hiiiol* ivjiLliriiiOil by IVof. Kuplfi'T. U. 
Kotak'V^ky wriU'^ lo itto from Najjlt?. tkat lif- hua iio^' mr 
rifit llic^ uliMTiarictriH yvl UiriUi'i'. nuA ?<liiiuld hw r^iilu 
ho urll tfilubluhei], Uie whole will form o di^oovei^ of ihv 
rrrj jfrr^tr^t »nltir, 'l^hti.s if wp may Tv\y on vm\iTyo\t>gf, 
pv^r llif* f«fprit giiiilp in i-lHuil1rnti<iri, it nvxnt thai vr liavr 
at IfiDt gained a rltii^ U 1lif> source wh>^n<:e th? VfiTtfbraU 
wi-nr iJenix"<J." \\V ahoutd then be juHlifieJ in believing 
fhal al an pxtPPiii'-ly n^rifih' jH'rimI ii ^jroup of aninml^ I'i- 
*(!, r«fvmbline in mnny ri>iicc!fl thn larTr of oijr pivf^nt 
-ijiaus. wiiirli 'JiifCTg^ into Iwu ^tvtii brunt he?*— I he one 
ivtrij^radiii^ in flr^rUipiumT iirid produfin^ tlu' iiivh-mI Haisi 
of .Widinik-'i, ih^ othi^r minif tii tli*' rron~r> Jinii i-jiiiintit of 
the miiiital kii)*^doiri hy uniiig ^dth lv IL« Vvilebnilfl. 

We have iliii« fifT er]<l<.'avjui-ed mddv 1o TT«oe tin' ^ene- 
nlciH^r nf th<? V<jrtrbra1a liy Ihn aid of their mutual iifhniticit. 
Wp witi nuw k«]k (o man jih h^* f-iUtu; mid up ^halJ, I tlnnk, 
be abk jaTtially to r(«iore tlie elradure of our early pro- 
ffiMiitom, dunii): motwtftvi.- jjthodti, but not in du<- onicr of 
iinj**. Thi% i^ii Iht t-ITpptMi by inpflnu of the mdjmiJntM 
wbiph nuin tiill r^Uiniii, tiy tht* eharsflera vbich occasion- 
Ally ijidk« their appearaui-^- in him thir^u^fh rtvprHicm, and 
by tlip aid tf Mir primifih'Ji of inor(»b4>[o^y iind ruihryobgy 
Th» vaHcjvt tsftfr t" "'bi*'li I eball h^TV alhxle, have 
givm i& the preriou* ehaplerK 



» M IW Fdlhfirl l-^«AiU I liM the 

jinJ llt«n4bn hnt* y*«n Ijvftqv hhj 
(Ckf f ndunllMi lk« loconioAfT lurs 

til S^iiJflrnmH Mit •ti|»f*nlt* jnn^n* 

htvl, vti BfimVurt^L &n 4 ten flnt 
ItlflHicnl- It «i«v *■ pkctrh^l b* me 

iffm fV«U OcttTnl * 

* KM t flin IpkHTipl lc» tild ikiil hun* 

of |«|i«i« III Ilia * Arrlkltv d* I^liwl* 

Iaa lfii« iLDlQTVlivt rtii'irLji, (. a^t 

tn .l|lU"»» jnj T".t. T ' I -'. .-T ^t 

(jiulr tlidi^friu, n ijHa 

ntluviv^lliT'' ^ . ' I rVPB' 

irtj™ ifinp h«jr I- ',. J un ttt' 

vcricljr' |iir !ii . .'iTih^u viiqlir 

^ l'ailll|i4Mlfill, ■4fv<to «i|ii]»Lr> f-n>milji. 


nito fvr 44 Iff 


I'Mt 1«tr VTt 




Tliv pfirly ijhik^o'I*"* "' «>*" >"^l hate betu o^ice cxiv 
i>rf'(i wich h«ir, l)<*1]i «'n^< having bf«rd«; Ihcir t-rtrw wtre 

b(]ilitp ui'it (iiiiTidiHl ^\ith a Ihil, liuviiij^ tlit->J]>fr ttLu?<L'ln(- 
Tiii-ir Jimb* and bodii^a wvrt iduo ueivd on bj' munj uiuntU'* 
whic-h t\avt Qnly orcAHionally rouppt^nr, btit aro normjiUy 
(irewii! jn tlie Quudmumna. At Ihia ur stjuit^ earlier petiiMl, 
Uie grvAl arti^rv &uti nerve «f the huiutMiA rfiu Ihruu^'h a 
mpTuH^iLdyloiti foranit'n. Tiic intestine ^avc forlh a much 
Urgi^r diveriiciitiJiu nr ftpciim tlmii timl. nov Pij^ling, Tiif- 
foot was Ihen fir^lien^jl^, jud^inj^ from the conditi'fri of tU^ 
t^reut toe 111 iJi*- fa.-lLin; aiiU 6vr pnj^enitora, ni) doubt. w<?re 
iirlii>rrji1 cii lln'ir lijiUjiri. 4ni] fnijiirnrri] liimit' wnrrn, TorrHt- 
clad lanil, Th« mal^e had grtui cantn<f t««tli, vhiHi ^orred 
llnrin LLfl fonmidabk weapooft. Al a iiiti<h carUur ptriud the 
uttTiii vrns doiibl*: th** I'lcivta w^rc voidi^ tJirou^h n 
rlo»crt; and the cy<? wan pro(ocl<^d % e third eyelid or nicti- 
Uliu^ membrane. At a eiill earlier the prog^lora of luaii 
muKf halt* lti<f<» Mi[uatii' in Hti*ir hnbitit; for morfiholaf^y 
plninly tfll*" ti? thnt our tuniw ronetft of a modiM flwim 
bInJdti. nhicL uiiee nerveii a-i u CIohI. The cWfli ou ihe jteL'k 
iu i]ik- <<iit1>rvu uf man ihi>u' >vhon' iKl* bntuL'hUv oikv 4*xJ!ii|L-d. 
In Ihr Irinnr or wcrkly rmirn-nt periods' of Bomr of our 
riuii'tiuiip »>' ap[tHrHilly -ttill relaiii traoett of uur iirimiijdtal 
Urtbpla<.'e, a Khun.* vtaMhed by tht? iitivt. At ubout [hid ^imt* 
rnrly p^'tiod the true kidney* W4-iv replaced by the rorpora 
voUfronn^ Tlii^ heart i*ii4led aA a f>tmi>te piili^lhig veAHfl; 
mid tti« chorda ilurdnliti look Ifae plnc^ of a vertebral colufon. 
Tbirw «arly Anre^lcin of man* thiui fwrn in the dim rrctwett 
(if timp, mimt. bttve hfon ni Mmply^ or flivn still niorp ftim- 
pW t>r|jfanLi>^d Ihan the hnoel^t or aiuphioiru, 

Thrrr IH tmr otbrr imiiit ilt'ji-rvinjt a fuller iioli<r. It 
IjflE long Htvn known thnt in thf> rj-rt*"brrttp kingdom one sftx 
bear^ rudiments of various aojc^^ffty tiartd* apperlainia^ to 
tlie n*prtHluvlive -ly^tem, wlii<:h prHj>erly brlouK t'* the op[x)- 
nit* Kpx; and it hiiJ njiw Vtn nKtitaimnJ Ihut nt a very i'jjriy 
etabryoDic period both seiea po$«eaj Inic male and f^iiialo 
}i<Lii]di<- ITeiire Home reinulp pniK'*"'*'"" "^ the uhii1<^ vertt- 
||nit<» klii^don) apfiein: t(j hflvt> l»tfi>n hormnphroditr or indro- 

iou»'* But iiri'e ve encouMei a aingnlar difHoulty. In 

■ Till* b ihn cijidiuiun uf rruf. 

(Jo^-nWbT, elk* tjf [)'t til|chfi*l sit- 

' Oi-uiiiktrifr<iTf icviE^DiiJi Aual. 1^0. 
1. ■'Til. Tl)« rHuli ti«a Wtn ut^ivJ «t 
i^hbOj fnna tbc fltod; of th*. Aat' 

(■lilMii: bill Ii upMn ftWri tlii" ro- 
»«f¥.h«* iif WHltiAyrr f* ^u-itivl m 
^ Jau(ii«I <Hr AHil. fliil Hi^tL" 18AV, p. 
tAI L, tJmL lliti vrtuiit iT|r«iM uTwidi 



Cliir VL 

Arnsmcs ant> nKXKArHiar. 


with the ofljar^tit |ist£9H|^?> in iln'ir I'wioiila? pro^UDne: they 
Ijoar dfio niiJim^nU of mamicer. and samir umtc Mnrpupiab 

(WwW b# ad(1«<4. Arf *v, ihon* tn Fuppnu- thal^mo ex- 
tremely aodpot nemirial oonlinticd aii<lr«)^rn)ufl. ailcr it 
bjul ■f'riitinHT ihv i-hi*'f dtnltriHuiiik nt iu rhins >ni1 thprt^- 
frtTP nftpf it had divrrcrtJ frnni Uw» )ftw*T olnautf^ nl it\^ vet- 
tcbrete kitiffH*:*!!)? Tlii^ sftins \m inipfobablt*, /or wi? Iiave 
tn lo*)k I'l fi*h»^. fht* lo^^'^>lt of afl ihe cIhkh-w. to find uiiy 
rtiU ^xirttnl nndropv"f»"i UiTnifi.''" Tlint vntiouji ncccswory 
p«h«s proprr to rach *i^a, nrc f'>iin<i in a nidiiiif-ikUry con- 
dition in ih? oppoHiti> jspt, mny bfl P^plnmeil ty fcu*^h organ* 
hftrtn;: been f^roduallv uaiULfvd tiy the i>iic kojk, and then 
tranAniltHl in a mon: or IrMi jnijKTffNrt Mstr ixt thr- otTieTi 
Whpn w^ iiTAl nf wiual 8«lwtion. we shall meet with in- 
oumirmblt infstancea (rf Uiiu fnmi of IniiiBwiraion,— a* in the 
raw of tlip npiin*, pTiitnrit, nnil liiillinril nklmirs, iKt^uin^) for 
hflttip *>T orninTi£»nf hv tiinln birdis ftTid jnh«nl'>d bv thp 
fpmalifb ill An imperfect or rLtdifn-^ntdry cviidifioia. 

Thr pfifiHwoii \ty nihlj' m;4inrii3i)H uf fuinlitxiHlly iinpcr- 
f«ct Thflmniftnr ir|piiiK is, in «i>mfT nupf'Otti, Mpfrctnlly cun^iiK, 
Th-e MonotreniaU haw the pri>|>eT inilk'Sfrrelin^ glarid« 
witli tiri/in*v, btil no iiippU'ti; and an IhMi* aiitmniN ttjind 
at tho VPTV bnftCT of Ibc mammalian ceriiut. it i< prolMtMr* that 
the jirogenitor* nf the elow aUft had milk-^rrreliny i-'nnda, 
tmt nT> ripj>]ep This ooncbitTon is MrpprirTed by what ifi 
kfiovn of Ihnr manner of dvvL*[opm-.<[iT: for I'rofr^icor 
TurtieT infr^nnt mc, on the BiUhority f*f Kollikrr nnd ! jinjcfrr, 
th»t in iJte emhryn ihp rnninranr-y cl*"dft cnu hj- disiinrtty 
truci.<<l l>efore thf nippk^H art in the koU visible; find the 
drvrlopiiii'iil of HiiiN^>*MM- pnft^ In tbt' iiiditidtial j^tt^rmllj 
rpprwf-ni^i »nd nr^r^nrrlH trith thi* drt-rJipinml of supiM-jtstw 
}>«ii]pi 111 the MiDO iint^ ^f de^tnK TUf SlAr^iipiaU t^ifTer 
rmni llu* MrMioln'trinfa hy |mt4i-H>iiii; i]ip|i]<Ti m> lliat prob- 
ably thnvt ^r^nn »ere Rmt aoqiiired Uy ihL« Manupialii, after 

uEiLltnT*, Ihinitfb upti i rccwnlly vtlhuiil 

VnuivMflk.' «<^l is;. ^Tn. 

mt vail ■■ in *%'n« "iliinp diAi^. vNi^r* 
h In fbhrt Tuifmut 4ri<-laibritrirtrBi,or 
ktinv^i Hiti iifiiUi'nl Or. Zi^^rf' 

fV>r IfilVflHiiM. in lit 'Ttriiujrt td 

THe BKSCeifT OF )I.\K. 

PlkT L 

haul <!tver(f^d rmm. ntid uivn ithm'i?, tho Monolreirnlii, 

(i ttT'j'c llirTi 1 ranitniitli'il fii Ihr |i|m-*.NJlAl mniiinmli ™ No 

iiouB, iifl';:r tlu-r had niypruiimat'-'k ttLi|uirf.'i] liitir prrat'nt 

,Ejn- How Ihi'ii HTt^ wi- til Liivoiuil fi^r imiU' imiiiifriiiU 

^ iiDg nianim*? U ie poej^jbli? thai tJicT vpn? first de- 

Tdo|ie<l ill thf? remakB Aud tlicii tninbft-rred \o the inalM* 

^B U mi5 be )>ugg<^Flcd. m atmihvr vicw^ lliAt lonjc «fttr 
^K|}ie progt-niture of xlx^ whr>l« lUAiiiiiLAlnn cIam had ccofod 
^Bti> lii^ nzi(li'ogvricii.i^. buth ^i.<u<4 vii'lded iriilk. jind tliUf nmjr- 
" UhrJ lUdr yminir; nnd id tho cow.' ol ihv Murdupidlj:. tliat 
liolli H\\i'4 CArrk'd thdr ^vi>unv ^^ niarsu|iial 7«(i>^ Tliif< vill 

malt* of exi*tmg bvngtuithoup t\r.\ws rcc<nvo liio i^fy^-s ot Ibfl 
ToinnW in thHr sbdoniiitnl fnkuihi-A. tmUlj iht'in. ni\i] vitrv- 
irsrr^R, Bft aam»* Miet*-. notin^h Ih* v*>iirg; '* — thai ivrialn 
aihrr iimli; iifili*^ hatch \\\v p-'hp wiihiD Uu-ir iriouUi« or 
Iminchtiil mvil-ji^; — Ibnt <ritiiin iiihK* UhuU laki; tliv vhap* 
M« nf ricgH from lh« fi'iitalcA, and uiii^l them round Ihw 
own lliif^lis ki>tpii]£: Ibt^m thrro uiild the tadpi-^W arc born; 
— ||ih( cifrtain hihIi* bird* umkrlwkr Ibr wb'ilr duly tif inru- 
bu1i/in« and tluit mjtlv pigv^rtn^^, eih \^rll hh IKp fi^mflU^ fiH<d 
Ibcir no«tJint?» wilh a »ccri-1iLiii fnfin their err^phn But the 
alxi^o suggeKt ion lli>( jK'iairrwl to mi' front On.* ttiuiii umit 
jrUiiiU nf tiulc" TimmmuU boip^f ao mnoh more fitrfoc-tly <1e?- 
vrbM-'^f^ 'bun Ihr nidimcnt* of ilje othur ntKemttty rv\)TO* 
dinrivp pnr^H, which sre foiiDd in th*- ono t-vi though i^rowr 
ttie nther. The munimirry f:hindFL nnd nippl(^, o» intj 
(frii*t in mulp inmnmnU, ain indeed lifirdU }«■ inllrd rmli- 
m^nlary; th**y nr#* mcrrly not fnlly dtvrlcipivl. npd noi (nn^s 
_ticn0l1y acUvc. Thc>' art^ tympAthr-tifnllT nfTi ctcd nnd.^r the 
flui-nc'i^ ot (X'Hain cIU«i*pb, lilti- lln' ^anie orj-AiiK tjj Uie 
It- Thi-y nftiTi trrreto a !fw dnip* <>f in^llc Ml birth 
■t pabcriy: thia latter fact octurrtil in the <'urioup laai'. 


hintrThbm ilnt it U iruiiv inul- 
IMr h'n*- Kuh '*fliiH TidYi? ti^-n 

iaK *riil i»it' IjilUf ft^irn ih^f* nf 

M'jiinip.iMinlA ^vq, fcW>, * Uir*Tiolr 

'*T I'r, Mm Un^v wi ilm ni4iiJiniirr 

Ift 'V^iVL Juurnil of Hnjaoju.' ApUJa 

1Mfl, n VAPh. fWir *}iii1 he W <«fK 
twrvTif <^f Oin r»rvr-1rtpiii*m "if Hkfi|« 

■ tftinl r*iiirl4hinpii1. <Iti main r<<)iH<i 
hiiii^Vi'iipf il>r oil in itji-tF fii'-ull». H« 

rnnn, nt ■ ]'n*\ itvOin ft'*^. n^ StL 
MM* >iif.L IV MKf; &l» i*r<)f Tur- 
iivr» in * Jnnmti r>f Aiut. cmt I'hvi' 


CUur. Vf. 



before Tcfcrrtd to, when* a jounj; mon poMCVM^^ tv.'n pnirn 
iiF EMiiminiiv In iiiAn aiuI M>riic filhi^r mclv iiiAiiimnU 1hi?H9 
orgaDs have beon knovm occaHODclly 1o b^r^mne «" vvoU 
developed dnrinj; in«(uritT ta to jield a fair Mtpply of milk. 
NVi* if ft'tf Kii)t|HiH* iTiul Hurin^ m fornipr pr(>lonRffll |H'ricMl 
TDflle mammslfl aidod th^ fcmnlp^ in nimini? their ■-iflfiprinR,'" 
Miiil thai fiftcrwiirdA fn^m uinii^ uium' fa» froiu tlie |rpjdtic- 
licii vr 11 vmnSU'r [tuintH-mf iiiuii^) iho mn1(^ ci^ivoil In ^ive 
Ihi^ nirl. fhtiiMT of the orpitii^ dunnj: mniuritv w^^uH lend to 
llieir U'cr»iHini! JnAdi»t^; and U*.»m t»i» wcH-km.Twn j»rmd- 
fil»s of mherrfuni^. this ■^taie <if inacilvlty wwdd protjaMy 
Im* tnincinilt*^ In iht innloa lit thp eorrMiiODdm;: op.* of 
Tiifltunt3'. Iliit nt *in oflHirr nar thcw orcn'i'' w-iultl be left 
tinnirpcted, to thai thf>T wQtdd be ■Imoet pqiiallj well d^ 
velopL-d in tlio youcp of both £CJi«f. 

Conr/utUM, — Von Bfl^r hna df»flfn^ fldvan«^ont or ptN>^- 
r(«A m tlii> orfffttiic si^jito IhtIIit Ihan nny mit' d^, lu restiii;; 
»n till- jiiiinunt iif i)ilTi'n<i]tiiiii[>M und xin^ciHltMitiDn nf Ihr 
ftevfrrat part* of a beinCt— >^'f>^n arrivM nr mitturitv. ha t 
«lit>uJd be inclinfd to add. Non up ori^aajfinff Kat* bp<:onn; 
^l^llrlv ndnpfwl t/i divrmifit'd Ihirn nf life l»y TiiniiiK "f niilii- 
ral sclodion, lh<.^ir parle will barir bocom*? m^rr and more 
rlitferf'riliatvil *Dd sjimaliitnl fnr viiriniii fajK-tioiid from Ibc 
AdvHnla^ gninpd by the diTiKioii of phyinnlofnc-al Inbour 
Tb-* same |>art nppeara tiflen lo hurt heen moddied fiwt for 
onr piiqioiif, nnd (hor lonit aff<>rwHnl* fnr unidr? nUicr niid 
4|iiif« dt^trt^l piirpotM>; and time all the- parta aro Tvnd^r^d 
more *iid n;otr (x>mp1i^a. But ^^urh oixntibni m1:I1 retain* 
Ihr ;r'*npnil tvjH* f*f stniftiir^ of Iti^ pnippnit/ir frrnu whirb 
it wad a^xiri;nct[d[v di^rivod. In aixxrrdanoo witb thie vi^w 
it MTinsi, if W[' tiirti lo jrfoldicinil cvidnipp. Ibat cjr;rani3a- 
tion on lb* wh«|r hat. advnnrrd Ihroufrb^tvit thf v<yrh\ by 
flow and int^rriLptcyl ^ops, In the ^n^At kin^dnm of the 
Vrrlflirala il hm Lidintnatv-d in man. It iniiHl im>1. hirvever. 
b\» ^iipiifit^fl tlul ;n^Dp« of or^fanie buinfpi are ttl«ay» *ttp- 
plnid-'d, and ffiwpprnr bj' eoc^n Af thrv hnrc gjxr:n birth to 
otbL-r and urT^rv ^--rft'ct groupa- Tb*- laltvr Iboujib Yielort- 
ona or«r Ih^ir pri-ik-rMaort, may out baT« become betl«F 
adapted for all plam< in tbi^ rt^r^nomy of nature. Home old 
form* Bp[Hiir to hav Minivf^d frnm inhabiling prolorli'd 
firte«. where th^' ba««- not been exposed to ve^ severe com- 
p^ilion; and iUrsr. nhvn aid ti» in concilructinj; our gtne' 


TEE i»ksci:nt op mak. 


fllopea, by giving u^ a fair i<lm of ivtmi-t oit<l luftt popul«- 
tinriA- hui VM« niuict tml full into Ihc t^rrar tif Inokini^ h1 llir 

Tho moil uudoDt pfuj^t&ilors in ihv kiii^iioiu oi Uic V(*r* 
(cbratn^ nt trhich «c arr able lo obtain an obscure jtljiiiccv 
appan^iJtl.v ci>ii«Utei} of a ^jonp of marine aniniaW n7«cin- 
hlfn^ the* larta^ i>f eiifltin^ A&ciiJisni. Tbejie oniiiLaU proh- 
ibit gavp. Titv to a jr^^r *^' li»Ji<v. a* lo^'ly orinitii^J i> 1hi? 
lnncr>M; Rml from Ihfx' tbr <initoMi»., >in(1 ojIkt 1UIii« Hkr 
Ihe I-i'i.iidii'iin?!!. mwfel liai* be^n d?reloT>ed- From *L»oh fish 
n rttj .-mal' advunct would aury u* on lo Ihc Amphibians. 
WV hnii^ H-i'Ti Ihiii binls Hm! n^iililrvH ur-ri* utin^ intiriintpk 
f^nniH'te'i ^>t!Pth*'j; and fhi* ilonotivrnata now <*i>nnr<?t 
mnnmifll-? rtilb rejitilri? in a Hli^hl Jc--(;ret'. Btit no ooe cad 
HI |in<«i»iil Ni.\ liv wbiil Ihir if i|i-4ri-Ti1 Uir tbnv hi^hor am! 
NflRtc^ti cljii^u^, nnnidy, innrnmali^. bird?* nn<] rt?f»likG, vrfTO 
itt^nf^ from th? Lnu Wifr verltibrat* tlaa^eK iiamcl^p am- 
jthiluHriH aTid fisbiii- In Iht* ^'biwi of tiihiiiiiihI^ ibo »i4^pa ar4 
not Hilfic'iilt to conopiv<^ wbirh W frttn Iho iut<<ii<iit Mono- 
TieiiLfltu Ui [\iv d[LCtif[it Mfti^uj-inh. ami fimi) th<-.«c to the 
nrly pfi>fli*nit'jrji of lh(' T'^^^'**"!*'*^ Tiiammalfl, We mny 1^"* 
Bsccnn t'> tlic Ixmandp^; ani Hut interval m not very vttIo 
frnin ibT'se lo Ibe ^iiTiiftila-. The 8imio<^ip Ihrn brnnrlifd 
■-»(T intn fwti ifrt'Hl ftlc^niic. the Naw^ WoHd ami (*]ii World 
nti^nkcyfi; nrd from tbo Inttrr* at a n^mfilc? fxri'xl, Man. the 
wuiiiler aiiJ ^luij of 1h« UnivcuMr, ji^cniMled. 


■.Ilic inhnblUrrtA ir the •Mihfiivi 
.il* t'ivtua plJhuf •*'i'ul ill*- fii^i* 

pUlc djitId nf Ttifal ^hnnirTB hi ■ friit- 
nttftiL 1^rtOi«|ii«">>. Umr ff>-l <*Ji'- 

of *ui>lt iijiriipl4, KvltiiT Vi\<A*x <liBa« 

h»MlT t^M In rifi itHr nuimi In nifu- 
In* ■mklv |i-'rkiU t^<--w il if it [n^t»- 
U«>'^iwfi'f tfi*f in <K<i Ht|;^<f anil n^kV 

olJirr daiM*h ri>Mi> ntrntl vt K>>M'>t- 

neb V t7»n1r }4rl<'"t»; Ihlx wcqitcl Iv 

■fp il4-«>viirl4^1 fri-"i »n nnhiut >.1lh-l 
f llic fiWLiir tr-lnj ,\*-'>Jl"^ Mnnv 

rjik-fif W flvm. *^ l»n- i'*tnti <» "f 

i?r<>l tunrpb, IW. ivmftUnir in Ifi 
Frnitpll i^taii'J utA VTvi.f.' Jftt. Ti 
1*71* th» HiFyiL ->! iliv pfiKin _ 
ImUrhnl 111 t«iH, itt^k*. lf<»M; tf fhe 
Afwl in ifirvr: kliA*o M TIib iLiic-V 1a 
Ibiir ; ttiofu nf itit» e^w** In Hvr , iinLl 

Ahfitr nH ** mil .TiHflff, « twiinrnl 
|itffii!d. it h^p^TuilniiiUly of iltv rlrlit' 
(liiirti«<i^ f»f ani- pnJM«* fpf liin'lioa. 

umiM nnt,«li'n inr-« jrtJnM, hr a«Mp 
(■h uliiiOk'* - onit'iuiiillw ll Dtlk'ht Tv 
lhu> iftnunjIlAl ihr^nuh alivt^l bay 

U«rfi 111 f'lill^iir, Hn'l «iiE|Ul h*^ 11^4 ro 
i-liiiKri^ nTrtw"! ii»rtiMi|lt 1m * »li"l* 
9t^t T>iii« ti'ir>'<]ijH^'>ti, ir pcHuml, U 
hifhlv nuiark^ilr ; f'-T Oil' ptH'iA fif 
l-itiIaTIh^u ki icif}t n^HmmHl, *im] l^o 

nijiin- nl|j(T ilUl (trr^rtiiiftk llnm !»- 
inv'iiH 1IJ iIfc i^rtiijcnl^l Mrthplqfx f^ 
ibmv iinJBUi]*L 

Cmif. Vlt 

THE iurn4 oy jiaw. 


Thiu ve lifiv« given to riao pedifiix^ of proc)i^mi« 
fcncth, l*ul fiol. il niMv he *iiid. cf TtM^ cjuality. Tlio 
WTirl*!, il Im»i nflcii hrrri rrm^irkiiL flpji«it* a% if il Ii-irj Inng 
hwn pri>[>Grini> for the flclvcrti of miLti: niid ihis, in fyn^ ^n«o 
b :<1ni1l.v trur. fur he o«'i'« hi^ birth U* a ton^' liii^ <-f pro- 
grtiitor*. U wiiy *iiiKl<" ^'"^ «'i '*"» I'luin hml in\tri r\iMn\^ 
man uoiikl n<tl hntv Wn nt;ir'i]y whni lir now U L'nlp^ 
we wilfully tlottt* •>ttr eve*, wc nwy, wilh our ^»re*fnl kuowl- 
k1^^ flpj>['{>xifiiLifi<ly riH^T^Tiite imr (mrvniuge: nor ii<«<l wi^ 
f^l eshfltnccl of it. The moil humljlo or^nUm U lomo- 
tliiug much hifi-licr titan ihi^ LDi>r^anLc d(i£l iimler uikr Toot; 
£tid no one with ad unhiae^Hl mind cad ^ludy an^' living 
crcnttirt, houwcr humliJc, wiiboiit hoin^ struck wiUi tti- 
ihuEiMm at Jtfi marvellous ttnictnre adiI propcrticA>. 


ox mi: ]uac« VF MA)f* 

iTa ill ''zi^iHi'i^f, inl 'i^ipriM^I tri, niilirtjf 1I141 «'-.-i>all«'{ tvvb nT intb 

fiOfV f^H'hjh" mU <if lT*-Jif**'LaiiM iu <ppp1> Brill iikiri^j t«' 

t«#«f| U;n rnr.*! ...,,.., ., ■iiiiu -Ttifi >4tti »»* iimiittli<<ii licAf** '^^rrbl 
■Tier lliT (Wl£ Ot^ rK.* n<)i it'«wT*j>4tM 'r^irii It >titi:r- f-air 'fix '-iTiCK^tiuii 

of ne^m — 'Riu furniAla'a '^f rwra— Tli« cIikU -if I'PiMi'rk/ -4Jif*it [(iMuceif*. 
Of ibe dlmt tfHoii of ihp (roi>iittiiM» vf ttf*— ^ll^ht or uc iDflBOm ti( 

It U uvi my iiiti.'Mlii»ii ben? to rlnfcrilw the M-^v^ml tO' 
eallwl nwt oF nf^; but E am nboLic U* tfiiqtiire whiil i« tho 
thUic of die Hiffcreimv Mmxrr ihtm unilrr a elawifientory 
point of vieu. nnil h<i* Ihey li*vi> ■»rigindleil In dH.'rmin- 
U3j; uhHhtT tno CT iiu>K- Jillivd fnnnt on^lit In be rnuktnl 
a* »|vck» itr vrtneli^^p. nut tjtii tuts nrc pnirticftlly piiidH h\ 
l|t€ fnllowin^ ri>n*nlrrntioit>; njiinrh'. thr 3mr>nHl i.f rhl^r- 
^'Bo* ImKh^^h 1h*>m, nrKl wherhor «Tinh dilfvrenLv- reliiU' to 
few or many [»o-iiia i>f .■•Irurturr. iind whrther Ihoy (ire of 
pliy4H)bF);nsl iitjpornnoL-; liiil irirtn* rapr'i-ially wlirthr-r ih*y 
are conttanl, t "1111*^1 nncy of rheraelei' tt wbal ta cliiL'fly 
valurd and auui^lit fur by iinluralUta. Whnirver it uan w 
vhewn, or rt<iit9i?n<<1 proJmblt^, ihnl tbi- fnrnm in ipf-ition 
have remoincfl rJinind for n long pcxiod, Khi* i>eeoirte» art 
arfiirnftil of n»ttrb ^ei;:l]t in favonr of Lrealinj- llinii an 
^fireie«. Kren a «Ught degree' of tterlUly bctweun any two 


TU£ i>i^ici£NT or aiA2t. 

Vmt k 

the litorilitT vhicit in bo fpincnil a rot^nlt ^f llk<< ct<tt6\ng ot 
■*\n-i:kf^ in a •tdU^ of i^aturo. Kimid Ihcde etvvral vi^uaid- 
eraliun><, it may U' juvtlv iirgvil lliul itii' perftH't ft^rliliK 
of Ihc iiiErri<nircL>l raevt ol diuei* if cdtalilijihtvl, would 
n<ft aWlutrly |>rci;liul<- u» froni raukiug iliem oa djalJiRi 

lodi'pviJtU^iitJ) uf fcrliUlj, tilt* vhamctcrn |iriT(it-ntcd by 
ihti olTK|inri)C tntm a <-utM hnvr b*^n thoii^ltt U' indit^tu 
n'h^iht'r qt not Ihi^ jtnrpnt^fomq ought to lie runted as tp«- 
i'i« or vQrii*u*e; but akci' curL-fullv sludyjiW Ihe t'ridcnee, 
] have cutiie tu llic cuurluHi<ju llmt mi trrtirml njli-« of Ihif 
kind uuD be iruhUxJ. The nrtUiiAry N'kuII of a crontri is tli« 
prtjduclian <rf a Iflcnded or ititcmi^Ji4t«- furm; but in cer- 

UilA LiBtti ^^JUIl' i>f lli*^ offnjinJiK lokr i:!(j>tlj iiflrr crDr |ijirrflt- 
form, mtic] tomt ufttr tht oitior, TWit U ^po^^^jiily Apt 10 
occur when Ihc jjaicni^ di(for in cIiurat(i:rB whitli fir*L 0|»" 
|it<ar^d Jih Huddrii tuHdhitii'd (tr inuiipilrti^itii^'^ I rvfri lo 
IJiin i>om1, U*cj(UH' Ur 1{i>)Llf» informs nw Clul ho ho^ fnr- 
queotty »cf» Ju AfiicA tlie olTe|j|iiJ^ ul iivj£rL»pj «rtj>i8ei with 
lii^iulier« of oilier mtreti, eithi^T tiJiiiplfli^y bliit'k or f^ain- 
plctcly u'hili% or rarely pirbnld. Ou (he olh^r hnii([« it it 
notoriouf* tint io Amefk^a niulattoc^ cuiiieuudI/ (jrniont Qti 
Sn t tail red iatt.' H|i[ti'ftruni'i>. 

Wt Imve [io>4^ jrcTi that a iifitiirpJUt mijEht for) hJnuicU 
fully jiiMifli'd in ranking \hv rmt** of inun a> iiiHlinrl *j»^ 
cif'tf: fnr hj> fian fuund that Tliey aiv diBlm^iiiHlit'd by iimuy 
tlitfi'r*^Di:i3 it .irr«('lun- atid iy-ii5lilT]tii>n, fonic bi'inic of 
iinpi'Hann'. Tluw difTprwn''™ hnvi*. '-i\ut. rvfrniirjiil nimrly 
constant fr«r V4ry lonjif p<>T-iod^ ^f tiiii^. Our DAturaliat will 
]mve beni \a tavnv dcr^nvp ittlliiritccd hy the enormoua range 
(■r mull, whirli h h ^r^nl nnnniAly in Xhtr rlnu i>r mNintniiU, 
mankind bo viewed a^ a ^[n^]e ^iiocice. lie viH Imvc t>e^n 


k Ihe diMrilHili'iti uf the Mrvcml wi-tullcd mi-fti. 

kich Jirrofcjl u'ith tUnt of o!]n-r Eirjlouljt^llv llwtillcl *ptf- 

ci« of inammAU^ Finftllv, he mi;:ht nrpc that thv mutnal 

ility uf all the nicnt hax uut ju yi.'l Uvii fully provi^d, 

eT^ii if |>n>vo4i would iioi bt an «if*ulnte pn«>r of llielr 

vppcitio i<ii-Dtity. 

Jill 4 tottu fnkurj 

rrit Lrii|-^:l.l- 
df^rnliLj, vli>!- 

lliriijjfTi •tIccUl'd, Ttiii afjne. Mid n# 
Ji<iikil tiff iiiJtrr rr*iiuH iif vt''rlEil^ , htv 
ttv <rii-M*ritnL r^uinx <^ i^frtiLii lui- 
tu'iBii 'Jiirrrrrjort ill llic i'bi>*tllu^ivu 

Till 14- \i. 9-1- 






There tt, hovfver, no i)oiil>t thai the nirii>i]« rafE«« witon 
oorefuUj' comiwnil and iomau»<I, r^tflvt mu«h fri>[u mc-Ii 
<»iltcr. — rt» in Hic tcitnTc of tlic hsif. IIev n^laiitc ]]ri>pi>rtinns 
of «I1 p«n* pf iJw Jmtlv/ ih^ rapaHtj nt Ihp l^ingt, ihe form 
ami c«)4nty of the ^JtuLI* and v\cn ib the cofivr>lutii>iid of 
thi' brnia.' Jltil it would be an i?adlciu tdpk tf> sfH^cify the 
nrimmiiif pnint* of ^liffj'tvniir. Thr nin* ilitTcr nUa m rno- 
fltilufLon, in 9Lv]irimlitulL<iTi ani io tjabitily ('> c^-rfaji dis- 
caM^. 'Hurir mt^iilul dmr?i(len«tJi9 an- likl'^^i--<e mtv ills* 
tjncl; dik-fv at i[ unuM iipfiAir in thi^ir 4-nioiictnRl, hfil 
pftftlt in Ihoir imflJf^cUirtl fuculltc*. E%\"iry ono tthi> ha« 
nad llie i>ppciruiiit> of o^itipanH^ii. muel Imt^ Im-vti titrm-k 
witli tlw mnirmil ln-lwi^-n Ihr iiidUifn, pucn ninnkH', aI)o. 
ri^ncK of 8- Anif^c* and thf^ iL^hl-UourU'd, talkative no- 
H^rot.-^. Thiifre i8 a uruHv aimilor euulfiul lwlwe>r]i IIlv MaUjji 
•ikI l^e I'apuanc,* uho )ivl« undi-T C^u^ luimt* |ih_viictt] i.'on* 
dittonv, and arc w^pnraiod from each otiirr <nilj bv n narrow 
#j«f^ of «oa. 

We trill tirti Donaid<>r ihtr ar;nim^'>^ta wbieb uuv be ad* 
Tanctti m TuvoLir of ilufjiix' tbr rnt^v of man aii dUtinct 
fpfvjo. ard thru Itir jir^iniM-ntH or Th*- <>tbcT side. If a 
nal^mtirl, who bad nt>ver t>efore seen a Ko^ro, Hotieolot. 
Antlnilian* or Monj:ol:an. were to compare ihcm* hv woula 
it ofirv |H^r<*ivo ;1int thr^' dlfTfrt'd iit a imillitndr vl rbar- 
tcifn, fome ^tf dipht and eotne* j>f coneiderable tmportnnee. 
On enquiry h^ would find thai tb*>y ^'t'lv adupU'd to hve 
nmW HiiVly ililTrri'til rlimnt**, and timl tbry rliffrrrd j«jtim*- 
wbjil in bmlitv r<^ikRlitutii~)n srid mi^ntnl dinpn^ili^n. If h^ 
VL-nr tbi*n Ir4<i ihnt hundreds of dtiiiilur ^rit.'rmL'^na could lie 
hmTight front tbi* wrnM- nmntrii'n, lit- wauld H*»ur'.'illy de- 
oUre rbaf Xh^v nrr^ an ^ood flpO(-it^ it*- mnny to urblcb b«t 
'had Wn in thir bubit of afllidiv spccilic Danic«. Tbi» c-cm- 
rluMnn nriiald fii^ ^nnlly ^tlr-Ti^'tbi'nHl hs H^r*n ii4 he Iiap] 
isccTteinecl tbfit tb<v4> form« hnd ull rvEumi-d thv Krimc cbar- 
■rtfir for many certurin; and thai n^irrocK, B|)pfircnlly 
iHvnfiful wttb piltfinjf nej^ruf^. had llvei] at l^a^l. 1000 _y<^ara 
A|fr>.^ lli; woLild aho hear, on tht^ authority of an cxcdicnt 

■ Srt.fvi irivtAia-Ts Mr Vikf-UftlF'* no 
ontxM of ih* h-fnin of * Bii»K*'*iiiim, 
li-nill TTiUMiot' 1^5*. |>. alfl 

* M'illi R*|>c('L irr lliir Puuiv* iii llis 

bntriii- F-;;;rj*riiiii ojiv« r.r aIkhi sifn- 

Iwl IL Tmioiiot «T> fThifl I'lurmUry 

of lh^ Huinfln Kk(**/ KuiT- trvEvlat,, 

d J' <ri (hn 'Uolto rlpt n»^4, p, ^^^s Ihil h* *-■• far frojri flnU- 

ltfMr'4, IV<^W 4*v-i liiilianA,in>iri*'4i] 

I iiik in i|jf MiUliirv 

L. -|»l*Hiti« erf ,\<T>Cfl 

, itn lilt iav""'Jl> "C 'J'* 



P4af t 

«bftcrv«r. Dr. LvQd/ that Iht huaian ekitll« foiin<l in ih^ 
cAvc* of Jkiutt, cntotnbcci with irnnv extinct niAitiniulf*. lie- 
loDget) t"i ^hr «irin' tvp*- w (hut now prcvjiiling iLrnUiihout 
tho Aiucrioa[i Continent, 

Our nalurftliM wotilfl then pcrbanA turn to geoKr<iphi(.fll 
cfislrihiitrnn, urn) hr wniiM |imJ>jihlj- d(*Hiirc timt lho»? fr>niu"v 
niubt be cliHtjrtcrt s[h><?i«>^. wJufh differ- nnt only in app«arn;u-r% 
but arc Jittrd fnr Itot. Oa wdl i^ dAin)< or ilrr countries, aiii\ 
(or tW Arrtii' n*>[ion!A. Hi* nii^lit 4|i|K-a1 tx Iht^ fjiil HiaL 
no fppci(i^ in the |*roU|> nc3:t to n\nn UMnrAy, tfie (^uudru 
mana. L-au rtM^L a I*jw (cmueraturf, ur any confl»[cr*bI'' 
dianKt" of d[in»lr: arid that tni' ti|K-i'i(vi Hhjf')i ci>m^ rrt^r*'?l 
to tnati bnvp novpr hccn rm.nx^ to mulunty. ivon uiitii-r tht 
tpinpcralt dimalc uf Kiifopc. Hl' would bo drrplj ica- 
pre«iei4 nilh the fad. tint noticed by Agassi?/ that. th« 
ditFi^rcnt nccn nf man an- diatnbulcil over t!w world m tht 
fiHJiiit' Eonloj^cal provjiK'v^, li* ih(*w trtlialiiird l>y iindtfoMcdtj 
difttinrt sfwc-w and genera /^f infimmal** Thih it^ manifp^Mv 
tb« i^jn^i* with the Aufltmliuu. Mou^^Tibnii, und Ni^^ro rucOH 
of ninii ; in a I^.^k ui-ll-imiikrd iiinnii'T ivilEi Lhc HoiU<Dlnt«; 
biit plninly with tho Pnpujinj; und Mnlnyt, who nr^ vm- 
roted. as Mr. Wallacr has sIk^vm. I>v tn-urlj tht- minr Ime 
wliii'Ii di^Jiit^^ i\w jcri'al MuUjaii ami Auslmlinn z^jiilo^ii'jil 
prorincL-n. Thi* AI>r>n((ino* of Atmhiiftt rnnffc throui(hout 
the Continent; nnd thij" al iiret appear* opposed Xv the above 
rule, for friOBl. ttt Iht i>nii)MdiiiiiF»or TlieSnutlit^ni hnO Nurth- 
em li^vea JilTor ui([«ly: >*l nomo fi>rt' Uving foniif, nk th« 
opoasum. nin^-« fnun Uic one into tho other, ta did r'>rmfrly 
*om4' nf (hr- ijigantir MpntJiTa. The Kiqiiimaii)t, like oflier 
Arotio animals, fc>x(end rotund tlir wholo polar rc(j]<»n*, U 
^llf^^ld he ot«crYed that Hip nnionnt <»f "liiTcrcnc*' iK-twccn 
(hi' mammals of tlir fteTpml aoologicnl provjneeK does T^ot 

■J>ijtvn ur iiiOT* liUifina tfhkh bOriie «e|' 
thant WliiT* thai ih*ji r»n rwocnUA 

l^vpr vim* flf Ihfl mwl Tmntfl/- 
inaiknl not* rjuuic4 b« t<1niiliA*>l 

fn^ifhi ^Avfl Mffi enniji&l item whut 
>iiiB>itii^it Arlttcaon mopiibJKl Thri« 

M<4qpk \fi1I nna i>4ii1riiVii I'TypH of 

>ir|foia| til tha ■i^TH'^aH- -l#-ti'irli>'>ii "t 
tht rm<if>ainr' !£*■*• of M^n/ l^^'i, 
|\ K<IK itpvAhliir f' yr'UKbf UrriLiiiiii 
itlifi uma to IIBII1I4M ILm I am ku 
fi>Piiivl liir Mr fffnrhi, irwtbt in (he 

■«r|i. Afftrn, vhrn I liwkhd it ihn 
i4*Itic if iirri;no]ih fit, 1 iciPcH Killr 
(wo 'tflb^iTv of Ihii «iiftl>li«hincAf t tiolh 
c<>i»pcl''iit jmti;<^ thil Tiv hmJ ■ 
*trmt;|v mufVul vtfrv Ijpf ef fn 
liir*w; W .^ri*r». .^c^« mjiI ijlidjin 

hjKri'l^ but fiA tit ■*e*|[rw iniwmi^ 

■ Af ^uMfd t'» KfitL abd G1ia<lfo, 
*Tj|iM of UuiVind; 1HM, p «JU 

I'Ut r V.^ lliEPlh> III ttt l}\umhflt\ n- 

Jul; , 1««0. 



rofrctprtnd with Uw ikprc of (i?^aratu»n bptir«n thi* lull'tr; 
Ki lluit il k'^n fiurill> In- eon^L<l>^riH] a« dn Aiioiiiftlj Umt the 
Nt>gru ililTeis iiiunf^ miil tiu» Aiiif-ruait i»ui-h li^fe» from ihr 
MlhvT roMtf of mun. tliQii i]o thv iitiiniiiub of ili^ African oiul 
Auicric&n ciMitiiuiit^ fn>nk thr laamijiaU of Ihc otlirr pror- 
inc^ti. Man. il utAy W a^Mf^l. doM r»ol api^ar 1o have 
ul)on|^iDAlJy mliaUicii auj o(>+7diii'-< iHuud; «ait m thu rv 
«|>ci't, hi' rrvtiiUi-^ thi- iithri ini'iiiU-m i>r hin tLuw, 

mnxv kitid u! tlumi^tie ikumiai tli<iuiil bi' rtiiJ^vii >fl ruch. or 
at >\t<itii<a\\\- tlt»liti(U l.hnL ir«, w)Li-lhcr any nF iLi-rn urt* ilr- 
F<c<*niL~-4l fnim riiaBtin^'t wild tjiLxus, ttv^ry nntiirali^l would 
hy minh ainss un llic fact of their exteniuJ pfiniaitrj< bt-ioi; 
Miri^ciflcallj (li>4iii(.'l- All tla* uiun? «ln^jv irouli! Im Inii) mi 
\hii luct, a»i it wMilii W an exceptional on«; for 1 (uu lu- 
forini:il Ij,v ilr. I-Vimv llmi the inwt iJitTrrL-nt kiiidt iff il<>)i;9^, 
fowtf^ uiici rig^miic, in'Kngla&d, Rn> inf^tcH hv th« tAhio ape- 
i^it'e of iWiculi or h<y. Now Ur. A^ Murmv bu/i cvtrvfullt 
r^nmiDt^il thr EVilUiili LkilU^cfi'l itl <liET>Ti^rit ismntiii'< rroiii 
lh>> Jifl^r^nl tjkv^ <>! mdn:' anJ lie llnd^ tlifit thv) ilLtTt^r, 
not oiilv ill uilijtij. I>u1 i» ilu- Mrurtiiri' c^f Ihnr i:Luu:< Mid 
limlwL 111 i>T*rT oflsp in w'hiffi m^inj epvfimf^nfi uiri' oh- 
IbmBtl ttit ililTiTL^mx^ wt-r? conv^Uiil. Tin' inirir<'<»ii itl u 
■vimlintf lUiip in llir PBt-illr j<M»rr>) iiir Uinl trhr'n Ihr IVrli- 
.cutl, viih TFliioTi wino Sindwicli |j»liirLdi>n on boanl Huunnei}, 
!itrbV«U on to tlir h'^dioA of thr Ki^eIuIi idiloiH. tiry dird in 
fhi- rixin^ of rlir*v -ir four ibiyv Thi-«* iS-ilit-uli wrn* iljirLcr 
ro]/ii;)re<l, and &p[jt<an><J di!Ti<r^ikt from x\i"¥ii* ]>ro|>ier Ut the 
nntiTt* of Chilor in ^^outli Amcrkii, of which \w gave inc 
Kiu'cinKix*, Thi'ii'p HpJiin, upju-nnnl lniyiT iiiiil mtirh tufti^r 
IhaD tluiYtpean tio*-. Mr. Murray (tnx'tjn^il fonr kind^ from 
AfriL-a, nam*U, from Ihr Nt'Vfof? uf thr rophT» and Wrat- 
pni irojutt, from tht' Hntt^ritotii and Kafflrs: Uvu kindjt fmm 
ilie nalWee of Auftralia; two from Xorlh ami tuo from 
Srjulb Anirtif-a. Tn llus* titl«r cafl«r il may be preaiiuivf^ 
tluil tlir IVIiotill ratn^ fnim nathM inhuNiiti^t <Ji(TvrMit 
diflHHA- With iiiA^t'i jiliifht :JtfU4'titrDl di[T<ivnci'^, if i^n- 
9ljiti1. an: ^Ttitilly t^U'i.'nieil of bix^iiHi.' \ii1ije: and Llii- fact 
uf rbrt rai^« of iriun l>4-irii* infivL^d Lv piriL<ili*s wKH-lt a)v- 
fiTiir to fx^ tpooific^^llv liutitKi, niiKht fjtiHv l>r arict\i tu ntt 
ur)_'tjinrrl lint the nee* llinit^'lvn^ ought in )v cla^^nl u 

Out Mipponed ualunlJM liarinf prou^^dtd U)iu for in 

■'TnoMok R Sot. vf Uinlurvb; vol. nil, IMl . ^ Cff, 

UNE (/BRARY. STA:;(^^|N^ssam 





pAit L 

hid iiiveMi|;atioi:, would ncM i'ti(\a\vt nhrthcr ttin rsc^ of 
iBi^n, wlifii fm**j"J, wi*rt» in nr-v lif^iv -^t^rile. Hi- iiiigbl 
coraiiil xhi^ work " of Prf»feit4'>r Brooa, a eaut:oiH anJ plillo- 
ftophical otiBt-ni^r. nuii iu IhU he would fii^d ji^od cTuiciu>c 
thnt f">mr fiici'* »rr** nuiti* frHilr iiippihitr, iur eT»Ifltirfl of 
an '-.]iitC'i^l\(r naiLiip in n^gfird li> i>ihpr racw. Tliu* it has 
b-i'j ' ii d thai Ihv native v^om^ii of Auatmliu ami Tiw* 
luani.i iiEi'Lv iirudtict' I'Tiildrm lo Kui'0|M<iin nicii; Uiv ^vi* 
dcni«, honc-vor, on thiii h(*Aii hru now boon ehcvn to be 
almMt v&]iiHe(^. The- lialf-cjiste^ an- hiUrd li^ tlie pure 
lilaok^: and an aivoiivil hn^ luli'ly Wm fiuhtiuliM of rlrr^n 
half cofltv youthr murdL^rc-d und UuTixt at tho «aini> time, 
whosf^ rrmnins wprc foiioJ b; iIji.* imliL^r'" Attain, il haa 
oft*-?! Ijppfi ftsid tliat when ninlatUrf^B inlenuarry, ihty pre** 
dU4-o ftrw c-lidtlnn: on tlii- lyihtr hand, Lkr, Bnclimna, of 
Plijirlerliui/' [>iwlivid) u»wrU \hM \u- li«> knowji rniilallo 
familiM vhifii hurt* inl'>rinarriei3 for BL*veral ^i^LeraULirUp 
and havtf corLtirtu«d on hd AVL^rai^L- nn fvrUlc im rillu-r jiqk 
uhhik'^ ijr pur? bWki. KiirjuirirM fnniirrU lunik hv Sir C, 
Ly*!l on lbi» huIjj*^ M him. n«i h« in^^rmti m*, tn iha 
le condueioii." In ihc Unikd SlaU-s ihi* i^euBua for Ihe 
ir IS5I iiirhidi^, Mii.iinlii[){ Uj Dr. Hnrlmifin. 405,751 
nuilattoPJi; and thin nuinVj4<r, rnniHii^ring all lUa rirr^um- 
ftLanei^ uf Ihe caM'. Beemi amaJI: bat il nt&y [tarDy be at-- 
ormulfd for hv die di-^^m^lt^rT mid liih^amlout- |riwilio[i uf ihf* 
cliliv, nnd hy lJi<^ prolij^nKv of iht* M'omt-'ii. A cinlam amount 
of aWjr|itioii i>f iJiulatliH'f^ into rio-rrooA aiuH always bi* Jn 
pro^^rL^w: euhI this would lead to jin ajkiwrvnt iliminntion of 
the- furntir. Tfic tid<n(>r vitality of mukttut-tt lA i»f)ok«n 
of in a trijstvoi'l.hy work '* w a wdl-knowD phciii^rornun; 
and lliis, altlioiigh a diff^ivnt ronAldpTAtlon trom their Ims- 


*'On tliD rirrnomfUB i>f lljlirMity 

m thn {^aniiB I!dm0.' ¥-bi[- ItwuIhL 

■•t^n ihe iaurvrilinif Irtiuv by Mf. 

T. A. Mumr, \ii :Il^ ■ AuClimp^lfi^ . 
Uvfin; A|>li1. lEfld, fk liM 111 tFin 
WUBf C'JunI Single iki- iJ>l'-u]«rj| [h U 
AmlfBlliin nflm'li ^fio hii<? FkitIk? 

p«1lh SlVfiiPt •I'lili- wJi*^H • rotaoA 
*!■'> rtk«vb of ihi* NuL. J"i'iviUrt>' *-f 

■fii] Nd^^'a« orihnv li^lifw rilnnnb- 

□uril^ I^niL*. Ilii llii-ullLirt fiiiUJ, )lr, 
WtiiiTkHHl |l4Ak-lii iitifirm* piv ihul thfl 
^ 4)rn>ir« '111 Ih^f (ioM ■ '-iii^rtliM^ir'i a^I- 

■ biftitiin ilrU 4i»uUtl"*- ^ln »M ii«1 i'l- 
Unufeir/, ti llt^ kJjiUiFiii trv fuv fDil 
hickly. iblt bpLK»- Mr Kh^Io »- 

int<ii lutr- tIaIUiI juuI rtamint mi tl)« 
tWj.-H(ir Amnh'mii Kcildivm,' tij B. A. 

Cmat, VIL 



flnpil f*fttlilj, tnay |n-rLH|i» Ix' ailvAni-ti! fl?* ft (*roof nf the 
Aptx-itic c[iptinHii**M Lif til'' ]iureri( riKvM. No doubt both 
EiEiiiiM] iiitl vi't;i'iaMe hj)jri<ifi, v>-]irii pniduo'il frnm pi- 
trvnic)): Ui»Einj.'[ spcrm'S, arp liable tn nrvnuUnn* iltHtli; hul 
the friiTOCtr^ of tiiuldtliWd vtuiDot li^ put unUi.'r the outo^^rv 
of ejtH'UH?ly dJftliiKl ftprciCT. Tlic ctirnmrni Miil<\ ^i iitflori- 
oiu for lon^ life And visoi^r, nud yo; fo «lpril«>, nhiwH ho\v 
littk nccftiMtn (.H>iiii«ctiuD lliorv* U in hybrids botneen 
loKM-Bisl f^nilily and viUilily^ othvr auttlf^gi^utf caaefi cuuld 
tn> cited. 

K>L-n if il flhould lit'ro&Ft^r b^ (itu>«x] that h\l the mcca 
iif mi»fi H«'rr' in'ifeilly frrlile lu^iflhtT. htf whu wua iin.'liiied 
fr^tn oihor reasons to rank lln'Tn iix dii^tinc-i i<{iir<rits, rai>^ht 
wilh jusliev «i>'uc llut ftTtiliiy ami sl^^nlity ore ni>t «if»^ 
[nli-rMii.iof f|>ei'itiiMli?iriiit'nh*-«. Wf kiitiw iliiit fliete i^ialj- 
[JL** lift uiU--i[^V uffi'Olod bv tlmtif'fil tHiiiJitioUJi of lif*. OT by 

clo*v inter-LKic<lkii^, aiiJ that iJicy arc xovcrocd by hijchly 
c-omjilex lakVH. for in^tAiioe. i}itil of the ungual fertitJty of 
eoDifm^ orcvuc* l>«tft'tvn i\w eainv two fl|ioc-K»e. Willi fonftft 
ivhirb munt br rarik^d ah iindonlit^'d »pr('icf« u ]>rrff?ct n(^n» 

f'Ttistt: fnm llifwt* which Rff cbuilLitcly siprilf whr-n crnHnni, 

to Ihofv wLioh art almc«<t ijr ojii^jK^'.^ly fertile. The de- 
^revft of .4i-rilily do m>t niiin.Md^T «lTKtly with Iht Ue^jrers 
of dilfi-r*'in**» lM»lwrpn thr psrcnit hi riti-rnd slnn'hin* ar 
hjibit^ i>f lifo, Man in riiany rw|>eclfl inay Ih? compared with 
IhoK' auinmb wliiih bmi' |f>ii;j bi-m do:iii-<ilii'alc?d, imd a 
larjf* body ftf i.-\itU-litx' c»n ti- adi-nticed in fav'oi:r of lJn> 
j'nllamun doHntiCt'* that di>mcati<ikti^ii tcnd« to clLiniiiatc 

Kih I inAy liiEtt nirniml Mir r«wlrr 

'4 utlity, ■nUt tQL« Ibo ID>M|>«U* <tCfri- 
ftJin Krttm tut bt frtfi^l VA.-iiJiir lp Uy- 

fcfi..= '.I ■■'.-. fvlalr ciH^rt ***]ic.'i4ily 

UHi IP kjFlaiDt sDd fliurh 

U'-- I.! .Wij<»iipDorloonl'i- 

ruf;' '1 Ifn-TriiLffl. irr f*ii»iirt«t»'>ft »ino 

inflinl t^aJliMiii*. t"t MB liiMv* ihii 

*'hD' ■ ' ' .' Ti- 

IImi ■ rii- 


' ^d 



when mv^Tl Xt ttiM* tluwbtM lf*c4i 

-hfifrn Tit mt ilhM. rnl. IL p lU«Mtd 
■ Oriihu vf S|*cii»,' Ml ftlA p. »ITX 
ihiit (Kp lOnflij of dioBM) «p»L*« bu 
itH ti^iL ii<<L^>'rTiI tJinriiith UBVurik] «*■ 
Wciiub: 4b mn Hrf l}|«| vbcn '<■« 
&nrrH(iK<r«lrM«1v h^n rHrtdirtil tvnr 

4ii4 iiwvfir miiU iFi^iiitJKnl*; fur, ■* 
It* «1#r1li|T lripiv«««M.l*tf*TftiLil fti*«r 

lb br-«4l.*i>l tfi Ivl cihl* ajuflv In- 
i1nMui1**1ll lit i4n<(4i4i|inthmAH| 
mlrri«]*, Jtm iIi<im< Im * ¥cii jt LwrliCT 
ir>]« j^r AUhlJl^ ll>»Ti il^t* Knth 
llmiLTf «Ait K(ilhuu-r Lkvv pnmi* 
lJi*t in p4<n Lsf iiliuit*, k'kcluJtijji 

fiutii Biftdn whlth, vrliHj i-pkhdJ, 



TUK j»k?*;kst ov man. 

P*»r L 

Hjv Elcnlily irhidi ta fio |c«<hi>rdl ix Tc^vM of Lhe crottia^ of 
H|Kiit'a ju n :<t»lt of nnturc rrttm tl»9i! w*vrmJ (mii»J* 
<:tiitioii!(^ it Jiixv th- juvllv Lir^itl ihul thtf jwrfi^l frrtility 
cf the mlcrcrcia^.^il races uf umu. if c^tabli^lioil. ^ro^ld 

Ind<p«ndcii1t)r of fcrtilitVp tho chAraclcr? prewnW b]^ 
lite ulTajJiiug UoitM a trow anvp Iwtn tlumj/!il In iuiiii^utt* 
vImUici 04* [lot tittf ptiri'iit-furm* uuxitt to U- rnnkiHl on »pc- 
<iM or Tarielicf; but o(l**r carofull.v *tijJyiii(Z the ovjJence, 
T }mvi* rtiiire Iti lh«' i'it]ii.'lu»iii>[J ITmI tft ^\'Uvra\ nilen of thin 
kind ca» Ln' truHU'J. 'flu? t>rJim»ry n»ult ol u crosi* ifi Uio 
production wf u Ijlondrd or inti^rm^-dlotf foirn; tiul in c«r- 
lain ('aj^4 ^uuie uf the oir^i^riiig Ibke tluHBly ttUvr \ttiv \f&rvi\i' 
farm, and evuu- uller Ibi? cthtT, 'Tiutt i» rsjiL^cinlly upt to 
occur i^'licn ihr pm-pnt* differ ii2 characlcn which fli*t ajh 
pcqir^d 98 mtdden T^Harion^ or nmnslroAlIle*/^ f i«fer to 
llii^ point, bL'caiiae Ur. Kohlf? lufc^nrLv ntc- Hint he hoa fro- 
qui^nlly pc<"n in Africa ihr offej^nn^ of nc^roct cniJftwd "*ith 
memlj^is of i»iher ra*?e*. eitlior cftmpl<'lo\v blaek or coin- 
{lUUly ^'hilc. or rart-ly pit-tiuld. (in the other ];amJ, il itf 
noUiridiiiH tliiLt in Anirrira iiiuluttoe;! commonly jirf'M'nt dii 
intPiTiit^ilisili* a]>]u>arancti. 

W<- huve niiH :<i'4-[i timt a nnliiriiliil mi>;hl foi^l hinifiolf 
fully jiwtjfinl in niiikiii;; Tli** rft(-(»» of nmn a>* <h»liiic1 njic- 
<[i«>s; for he Im^ found fhat tht^y ari> itiftt]D^uiBh<><I by many 
diffcmiL'ea lu ntructurr ami ronali till ion, *ofnir hrinp of 
iiTi|ii>rfmuT, Tin**' rlilTrtiPEtrri baiv. fil>n. n^inaiimvl miirly 
conslant tor vi^ry lon^; |>eriodft t>t ti(»K>, Onr nfltural^^t will 
have hifen in some cltirrt't influrnttd br the tnnrmouB rjingc 
of innn, lAhich ih u ^mif iinoinnly in tbr c-hit^ nl niiiTnmuUr 
if niJinkiTkd be viewed fw a ^inple epecie?. He will bav>> been 
etrink with ihe Uistribuliou of tin- 'titral =u-Laili-il nwe*, 
wfiidi mronK V Lih llnil of othrr inidciitfiioilly diitintt rt|W- 
CIM of ninn;mJiK I'innllVp he rni^^Uf tir|;e (hnt Ibr mutual 
ftrtility uJ all Ihrf niLL'» lian imt an yvi ht^mt fuUy [jroved, 
aiid evi-n if proven] vouU not br iiii iiliHolule proof of tbdr 
fif>ccifio identity. 

wkkh ncver|ir«l(k»ailDirLt icvdj tfut t^riiuvTi vlM'll'pn. ThijAomT. uiJ no 
fat nrv ultwEtd by iba IMI011 erf Ihv 
ndirr t|iKl<i^ u iJif ttii jfif Iho ivfltr 

lUir 4/ ilm^ r^'niiriK It it linrv ii^aui 
f™U* irriUk^'ilili In m1j*I tJi* untrn 
■(vrilp ilJJl«i'll4A}■^ Wlik'h Il4»l< llf'fKl) 
navftil to ji^lil ••vlaL lu Ukar tho aoiu* 
Dr«cTiatx. wtif<n Ui0 ifi>niiFri alitiifU 
VII^ICtI. vpuij-^ Lave invn guLUnl 

kinirti^ iliirimki'iv 111 Ibv i?oa>t^luliua 
<]f tJi4' riifjnulw'iu'i- riintkiii ur tilt ipP' 
vit* i%fiiilt Bit <.'n.<HmL 
'•'TL« ViLFinlLUJi (if AaiiQiU,^ Aa-, 





C«*r. TtL 




l>n tht other tide of the qQ<«l»oii. it our nif>|)ow!il nalu- 
ntbt vcre In tJiqtdrc wLrlhrr l)ir titvmt of innn ki^*|i ili*- 
t^nd lik<> oHiii«ry «pwi(*, Mhrn minirloH iof^>thi?r la Urge 
niimbcn in tIi*^ i^nac coumiv. ho *ouM imaictltait'tj <Jt*- 
onrr that tlii» wju* Ifv iin riwiitir- Ihr [rur. In 1Er>/-i) hu 
wnotd btihuld an imtit«-iifr ntotiunt] jHipnlnliorL of Negroni 
aiu\ I'urlxj^uofc; in L'bj]<x% dTiU oflicr fiArl' of Stjuth Amer- 
ii'a, btf vciuM lith'.ilil thi' nhole ;ii>|>t]tHlii)ri njii*iftiii>^ cif 
ImliAkf niwl SjMnmrdi fklrrtioil in fiinr>ii»i itrj^r^^***^"^ fn 
iHjmy ptrlA of the fain<^ continoitl he woiiM mci^l yyiih tW 
iiKRil v<)ni[>lo\ rriiVTi^ bi'twr^en Ni-^mmv. [iiOiaiiM, nuJ Fiini- 
p4?*a«; auU ju(i;:iii|; fmiii thrt v4'^ul>1o kinj-Jfim, Mich 
triple cTMf^ ■rTord the tovcre^t tr>-l of Hr- tniitufll fertility 
uf tii« paimt fornnt. In out- inLiixl i>f 1|jf< Fidfij- hf- ktniilil 
Had A knalt jutpiilalion rf tnirit:L^f I'olrnnimii nti<\ K[1>;1l.0i 
blond; «»(! in the Fiji ArrlujHU^ a p<i|/ii!uli'>n of IVly- 
nttABfi iin^l Ne^jiliKi (tci*^^! in all (feg^reM. Mitny anftlfii'rius 
cttM» could b« •d^il; fur injt«rct-, in Afnr-ii. Hi^m^ t!i<? 
raocs of vmn ftrr not Mifk-ifntlr ilt^tinct (o in1iJii>Ll tlir »irnr 
oountrj aithoiil fiisk^n: and the ahHCDce of fu»[on HlTitrds 
the upual amt limit (c«1 of 9i|>ecific rtUlinctiiu-u. 

Our tinti^mltKl wniild likrMiri)^ be murh ilii^liirhrd n« 
boon sa Ue jierc^eived tliAl thL> dtatirdlvi* cliarnHei^ of nit 
U« ncca wvu- lifift^j jtirlMc. Thia fu<t fttritct er^rj- one 
nn firvl WfioMir^ ihi* nt^i^ro xlair^ in Bruil, vfltn Imvr hn'ti 
inilKiriJ*;! fram all parts of Africa Tlie win*^ ri^mark hoUa 
gDod n\X\\ ih'' Poly n ".-si una, ui^d iritS niflny Mh^^r racve. It 
mav U' iJfiEilttn^ irhrlhi-r nny rlirtnulrr rjiu [n- immi^i! whjt-h 
1^ dielindit* of a rar^ Atid U c^natnnt- KntJigt'i. rvon 
vilbin thp limits of ihf Mmt Iribt*. ar* not ncflrlv ?i^ "ni- 
fnrm in I'hamHrr, «■ hasi \ttH'n oUrti iutt.erU'\]- tfnttriifot 
vwten offer cenaiii f4Tii!inntic«. mnnc strongly mnrfcod than 
those ucxiininf; in auy "tht^r race, bnt the*i' ure kT»^>wn not 
to Ih^ ^f iv)Tii(!ant r^^nrrfnt''* In ilit* M^ntrnl Aiucrii^n 
thbof, ^nlour and h3inn<-'in differ eoEuidvmUv: tt^ duos 
colour to a eertaJD defr<*. ard the shopr rif (he fenlurri^ 
j^reoliy. la thr W'^rnx** of Afririi Tln^ fliajw nf the 8kTj]l 
\ari** mvich in F-^me mrv»fl; '' nnd ro it ia with ovcrv other 
charM-tFr. Kuw all uaturaliaU have leanat by dearly ^>oii^ht 

" Per IhiiUii»« with iIao ab.-'njinn* 

■■ mil r ilio ■u'^fv** fpt ■««*■• rTrnri'iii'f- [ntcrEmi- r-ritfrvA 

aUcve and IndUiUk *ilh a mlAUn L'f 4nLl -S*.-* err "B«j4jotl mnd ■> Lnad 



PiKT I, 

aiu of ^ncorii^tant c^tmnK It'rv. 

iu^ Uiv ntcvM o{ man Ari diatlDtt 4peo[*>9. f« Itiat 1ti«<y gmdu- 
fitc iiiL> cnch otKcr, indL-pvnitcoUy mi many uuva, ut- fur na 
we L-an JLiiigc, uf Lhi-U' haviE^ iDti-rcro»oJ, Man 1ia» Wn 
ituUkni more oarvfiill}r than any oilier anirna^ ani] \H there 
ia the Kreatcst potwibk divonity onionK^t uipaU^^ jui^ya 
whether he should hr dawfU a^ a win^-U' *t»**''*'^* "^ ''"■^* ^^ 
u£ Imo (Virey), an three (Jacqainot), m ionr (Kunl), flvp 
(HlumrnliiK^h), *ix (HutTLm), ^vrtn jJinuttTl. ci|;ljt f Aj^uai^ili), 
I'lpwn (rirVerin^O. rtHivu (Hory St. ViiHTHM. s(i\l<H-ii tl)ra- 
nkouhn^), tu'vnty i^vo iiMorU'itl, eixtv (rrnvvfuni), or as 
aixty-tlircp, accordinfr t> Burke." Thw liivtrsity of judg- 
tiic^l clopii imt pnibv lUnt th4> raiMV niJ|^ht ttut Ui ht- luiik^ 
iu epoci^a, trul it dhew» thai they grailimle \nU> nu'h olhvr, 
nnd Ihut U in hanUy ijucmibl^ tv dj&cuvur <^]ear dietmctive 
rhiirapter* bHwi*s»n tlirrn, 

Kvcry iialuralifil who hfis had Iho miffortunc to und«r- 
*ulie ihr di.'siTijitjiiji iif a K^i't* '^' lii^'hly vaiyjn^ ur^D- 
iKTikri, hu* tntountrn'^l tuai'jj (I ■iit'ak nftt-r c-iffierieiici') pr^ 
cink'lr likf that *>f inaTi; nnd if uf o raatioua rlii* posit ion, 
\ii^ All] tiiJ hy riiiiliii^ all tUc furiUB whidi ifrnduale tutu 
tutJi aUaT. ucidL-r a Hrij^li:' miwck'*; for lit »ill «iy to biiu- 
f^'if that he ha" no rijcht to trifr nnnkr** lo ohji^rtfi vrliich hf 
lanriLiI Uterine, i^a^ift^ nf tlij-i kind ooi-ut in thi* I liiler wliich 
imlnd^ti Mian, liarriLdy in cvrtaiu ^.-^iwra of [uuEiktyi: wbiUt 
Iti t>t\i^r Kvntnt, aei in (Vrt-opiUicciiN m<wi ^f Itir »|woic9 
<nn h*- dHi*riTjirLi4l with rpHniniy fn thp Ameri^'a]^ fie/ilis 
CL>biis 'he uanoua foniiB aro raoktd hy Kunu- nuluruhidfL 
aa Bpvciei. liy uthrrc of mete ic<'4t)Crn|>hkn1 rati-*. Now if 
numoniuit itjH-Hrr^'im nf ri-hu» won* r-nllrrt**!! fn>ni jiM fnirli: 
of South Airtricfl, and Xh-j^ fornix whii'h at [m.Mi-nt ap|)far 
ti) hv H|flH'i tit-ally di>liiirL wrn- fi>urid rii irrndiuiti* ini'i ra*"!i 
olhiT hy rime vti»|i>«, ih*'y «oul(! Udllnlty tw> nixjk*»ii At nn-Tf 

vark'tii'ji or rorcs; nnd lli[» cuiir«e \ia» be«n folioatyl tiy 
niott nalurfiliHtb with n-sipeui I" th** ratwi *if miwii. Kctit- 
IhcleHi, il iniwt be <'(*nfwiu>i] thai thpro arr fornw, at l#fl»l 
iti Ujc %vKL*taUI<: kinjfdoni.^" uhidi wc canaot avoid muaiiig 



'■)!*■ 4 jC<4(l diHii>*J<jr] <*ii till" 
Hdhjw^ 111 Wftlii, ■ ftlt^-■tlL<l. in fn- 

lVS-«]Ei.«yr. L h*i^. Eclon «>rui- nMh. 
•bot« «|IU[D«UUI Ooiii If. 'I'uiikv 

UiA7 »4«^n, IM^ p. iV 

x><ni^-nt 'r^Vi-rHl iTrtliLCtf <*»<> m ■>>■ 

' UuiBEiihiic Miittji-iiuuirvji.* R, iV laas, 

M. V14 lib I'P^r* A<> i^my II** mail* 
■El tonsi* Lti tilt C'orji)>uiiLLPi of K 


Cbat. VII. 

TRR RArKS OP M/i^r. 



Soim: mtlurnlUu have intflj ^inploycj the twrii "*a\i- 
w** tfl ilwigiwU* friniis whii^Ji [n:r4i«<i mniiy of (hctehjir- 
criiitutt of itut nyvctiv, \ntt "rlndi harJIy dfl*urvi> *<. high 
a mnk- Kgt if vr rrtln^l nn tlif^ wt^i^fhty iir|f<in>ci>^^ dWvt? 
^i«»n, fiir mtEiii^ Ihf ni'V^ rif rtan !<' iU^ <lignily of aiji-imi'h, 
ttod th« ind«}x*ruUe ili(lii'UUK<9 on iIil' uihi-r huIi.- m k'Hitiii^ 
ihrm, it fttcin^ lIijtL r.hi' r,»'rMi "'Mjl»'^}*i:it* " mixlii ficrt be 
n*fi! with |iropri»ly. Bui fmm L^np hs.h\\ the term "' rm*" 
«vi)l [•crhap^ aJvnvis bo «iiiploved. Thv ehriiof of terme id 
Ir vt f>r imfiurUiDl in ikat it in i]f?iirali]t- lo ufv, 'M fdr 
fHnaiUr, Ihr Mtnir Inrma for tin* "inmi' di'^^n'i-* (>f JifTiT- 
('0. VnforiuraUly IhU caii rar«k be d<»ae: for the larger 
4;mefa fEeiuffvlIy inHinlt- Hiwelj-alKpil fumiN iivliidi ean 
fct diittiDfruiiihc-d i>iily wiih xnHch diiriculty, whll<t tiie tnu^ler 
^4-n<^n wilfiin the Aim*- famtly indiuie fornija Hint Jirv (kt- 
ft.vllif dialiALU jH aEI luuft In- raukL-i! vquiillv at bpiviei. 
S<i apiiit. hfpMJM WJtliin iht' uimi? \Arf[v ffyims by lu mt^ujia 
^*ll^eIftblc each other to llic same riepier: v>n the t\mlriiry, 
MtRH' of th?(ii i<an |Fi-m-r)il]y he Hrruii^^i'd in Utile ^roiijM 
rtmuJ oth«r njiccio*, lik^ vntHUtcw round ])lau9l»." 

^K The quL^ion whrlbrr rnimkini) eoiuunU at a\w or several 

^■k««ii« htti of hite \v41n Wn rttiieh dJ^eUHfied bv nnt.hri:i)iolo> 

^^Efilf. vho are divided iuw iho twu ndcouln ui TtiLiimx^mfrtt 

^^pd ladyjri'nidt* fl^o^e' who do not admit tlio pnh4^i[>le of 

H^roliiti^^n, ttxtifi hnk at Kjiecie* OiS Bepdnitc r^^nUonM, ijr lu 

' in soHw [iianiirr at ditJincf, euritltPL and Mit-y iiiLtst Jteide 

u'tiat foirmfc of rnaii tlu-y vrUI eoiMtdcr » ^f^"^''*'' ^^ ^'^^ onal- 

i>X\ of thp tnrtb<j*t c<*rnnioTily ptirflocd in rankir^ othft 

or^-nnic ln'ing* *-■ fj-trn-^ Pat it U ii bnji.'li"'"?* t-nd'-avinir 

u> drvidi^ thiB point, iiuiil itoine dHiniti'tn of tliir l4>rtn '' spe- 

cii'^'* in p^nernlty lU^u-pt^d; and the dctinltint niuvt not 

inrUjiIt- an ind<*r*-nrdna1e elenieiil wiieh at an (let of err-ation, 

Wo mlglil fl^ veil flUempt nithout any dL-lliii1ioD to deeide 

whether m certain nurrthrr i>f hou^ici nhnidd he called a 

. ^' Lin, or city. ftV hjiTP ii jinictii'Hl illuAliitliiin of 

■llT in the Dever-^'ndjnff double wliether manv 

kH]y-^]««f nidminnK tiird*. inaecla, and )>l*in1a, wbiili 

Limwnl irnrh idhrr n'*|i**<'tnrly in ?iiiMh Amcrirn 

KtiruiM% fihiiuTd be ranktvi 0.9 a^^c^'tvv or ^ogri4p)i>ra1 

\i Aod tli« li^e hdda true of tlie productions of mtuxy 

■■Oilffin irf»p«(ilfl*,- Ml ttllL p. I& 




RjiFM do* ewliirtin*,* ira\ 



ulaniie fiitnut^ >t Pomc Fittic diriance from (he ticArtsl 

ThnH> niitiiniHtUT on tht^ olhi^r hand, vim &clinit th^ 
pTiDciulc (*f rv*>LiiT:Jon. «m1 Tilif if Tlow admiltei) by (hr ^ 
inujTJTilj ol rifting inru. urtl fcH Jiu dujlH thai all lliu rnn^i ■ 
of nun ure <]<rsc^<ii4leL.I frviii « rin^k* primiUvr nl*>ck; vhcthor ™ 
or nol thry mn\ thmk tif to dr-fli^TJut^T thi* rurc-i a» du>tinct 
apcciwi. for thi- jmiV*- '»f r-xprtvainy tlii-ir aiiMiiiiil rif iifTer- 
i>iicie," WUh uiir di>ink>sUc untiiiaU llu' i|Uotfli(JD wli?tlxfr 
thL- TArioud mcvr hare urlM^n from nrr or more »prri<« in 
Homewliat difTi-n^nt, Altluivgli ii inHy b/ adinitlf^d itiaT all 
the raoB^ &ii veil aa all tlu- nalui^l ^ivoit^ wtlbm tla- ttoni^ 
gtntin. liavL- ^prun^c tnia tlir ramr- primitive stock. }r\ it 
U n III Milgr^'l fnr itiii<'i]u-~ion» vliHWr nil th<^ doine^cic FBcefi 
of the <Id|j. for instance, Imve aovjuir^ their pr»eul aicoaot 
of rli^rri^tici! hiucv miiil' out? viivcit-f wn^ fln<l itoiin'riioatA] 
lij inwn: f>r whHbnr (hnyowi* )u>mi» nf lln'ir fhamrti^ni lo in- 
heritance from dtflincl ajK'oief, which had nl^^i^Jy been <lif- 
fervntialed lit a sMv uf iinturr With mnti no surh i|uc^ 
tioD ran »riR4^, fur Ilp cnniiot tie HAid to huvt- bi^<n dDmi:«ti- 
cotrd al anv [■articular |R'rioit, 

Dunn;? :iii nirly ^tn^*" >" ll»^ Oisirr^iHf uf lh<^ nuv^'i tif 
man from a i^niRinn stock, the diffcrvnct'fi botwt^ftn th» 
raee» and Iheir numtrer muit hare been pmaLl; consequently 
iitt Tar dH llit^ir iliKlin);iiiAhiii|^ charaielr-rx are enin-vrneiJ. they 
then had It^fj; rlaim to rnnk at diUinct ^peoiM than the oX' 
i*Ung fo-ralled taees- Neverlhelew, so arbitrory is the lerm 
of ^(Jteitit. ihat *ueh early ratvn would f^rtiaj"* havp Iwen 
rankH hy fonir' rmtnrnlir^is m diAtnt-'i arjeeies, if Their dlf- 
firrrticrtt, nlthon^'h e\ti^meh ?«li^ht, had brrr mr.n* ronwtant 
than they nru at f>reient. and bad ni>t gmdnalrd into rarh 

Tl is however pomible, thcnJifU far from probabk, tlial 
the early pro^iiiton of man might fnrmprly bBvi» liivprgod 
miirb in rhara<"trr, nniW they Weome iin>re wnllke <^ach 
rithcr Iban nnv nnw *tUIing nrn™; but that *LdB«iueutly, 
ae f\ippw!e(l hV Vofft,*' They eonverpp in chamdur. Vt'h&n 
niaii *elertji tfte olTpprinK of tiro di^^tinet tpcci« for the 
Kami* (ibjprt, b*' ■fimrliinp* inducrs u ronKidfrabli* aiiionnt 
of convergence, (W far ap sxiKrol appnamnoo it eonc4*rnod. 
Thb is Ibc cn«;. as shown \i\ V<»B Nathu*iu%" with the 

»T.V ■ 





ini[wuv«(! bleeds of ihr pig* whxt*h »rr riowfndwl fmm two 
difitinct fp^i'ii^.s; vnd lii a h-ai marked marinor wirh rlie im- 
provpil hr*^i*(U of i iitlliv A grt-rtl niinintiiipl. (iralioltl, iiiHiii- 
tniiiD liiat th^* jui(hr(ipr>m4>rfihnuw ay.t du not Tomi it tintu- 
rnl 6ijl>'gruup; bul iW the omn^ i^ a highly dt'V^loixid 
gibhnn or Hrimio|>]l)in^tiJi, ilie thimpuiitt a hi^lil^v devt'!- 
oped maoa^is, nn<) Ihr porilln a highly di^veiopecl tfuiudnll- 
If thin c-oEichibitiu, wliJcn rr^ta al]no«t €:(cltii'ivdv on brain* 
rli]mi<1i»rK, U' iirlmTttt*d, *v phouh} liait' a itAAi.' uf L'Diiver- 
f;<mc-(* el l(?a«t m external rhorsctor^. for Uio antliropc>- 
iiitriphiJUH apes an? cc^ilaialT uiolt like cnch other in mAi]> 

ft>iiit», lliuii thfv ar* to oilier apw All analogirsl ivspm- 
iloncw- an rf n vhnlc \a n llsh, max indottl be ^ati) t^j be 
OM'fr of C(jn^er*:ence; but thi* term )io* ncrrr Hrrn ap[itie<! 
to feupi^rficial and adaptive n?^inbtanceH. Ii would, liiiw- 
crer, be *xtrvnidy rnih l*> ultribtitD to couvortfeuce dote 
MmJlAritv of ebarnrt^r m mnaj |ir>]iiU ot ^trmturL- amou^nl 
mojilled deic^ndanu of widdy dirtinrl *-viiipi. The 
of a cr^Btul IS deU-nuiuvd ftoUtr hy th< moJcciilaT 
brcFii. «ni! it in iml Mirpnuiii^ thai cliMinLiltir subnUmi'tft 
fhouTd fiomotitn^ ;iuTim^ thn Atnut form; but with orgnnic 
bcuifT^ vit ikoM bcur ID itiirid ihat tliir form ijf eacb dc< 
pe»t1-i OIL -in ii^liujlf at irjnipld nluhons, naTiir-ljr on v^Ana- 
tif>«ii;, duo to ^'ftuu™ fnr lf>o Lntncnt<^ i*> ^f^ foJlowrd,— ^n tbo 
nature *A ihc vanaliont |>re»rived. thcM dfp^nditig '>ei the 
jilmk'il rofidiLfiTih, and hlil) mur** on the i^urronmling ur^ 
g«niHtniJ vrtiio^ comix'te wrth L^och* imd Inntlrr on inherit' 
ftnce (in ibtirlf ■ mirhiatin^ eltmcnt) from JanuEcenible 
prog^i1r>ra, alt <>f which have had their Joritis dHenuioed 
through ci|unlly i.-oirtiplr-x KbitionA. U nppcArr incivdihio 
th^t fhr iTmdifii-<l Jrju^ndanlA nf tun iir^sntMiiK, if tbe*e 
diffiTpd from p^di filher in a mailed manDer. ^Iiould v^*t 
fiflcnrardp rttnierct ^^ dowly Oft l*> Usid to n crar iipproach 
to ^d«-niih Lbmu^hcmt thrir nlnrb' nt^arrif^Hlior. In Ihe 
futc nf llic convrrgfiiit mrrs of pigt abnve referred \k\ evi- 
dence ftf th^^ir descent fr^.^m tw; pnniilivt- Mocks *f, acrurrliiij: 
lu Von KaUiuaiup. alill pkiiil> n-Uiui-d. in rirrhiin lioncj; of 
tlL«if ftkulU- If the mcvf^ of mnti bud de«cend«d, aa i» ^vp» 
po«ri^ by HOmr na1iimll«t», froui ti^o <ir nuirr ajiecns, vrtiich 
dilTered froiTk v-m^I) oIIk'I ah much, i>r nmrly hk mriHi. »s A<*m 
th« rKanp froro th4" |p>nlU, it can h^rkllf he doiibt<?d tlat 
mnrkrd di/Trrcii«4« in the structure of (certain hownA would 
•till \v iMwtvvrMt^ in man a* he now (^Ut». 


Allbougb the eiiiting rbce« of man di0^r in mhay re- 




ijiei'le, as in colour, liair, tliapc^ '>f *kull, proportiftrs at \he 
botly^ &r., ji-t if thc-ir v^hi»[c ^iruf^luii ln' l»t,*'H itifii <"Hfcj<J* 
rrulitin thi-y on* fouinl i<j fuM'iixljW «k1i other el^Mily m e 
niultilude <}{ pvjintfi, MnB> of thrw nm nf nn utiimpnitiiiil 
or of so tin^^uler a iia'iin?, that it U i^iirrnnOj imiit»>liaM*- 
that they nhoulii huvi- Utu mdi-i»>ndvntK ooijum-d \f\ 
hhoiiglml)} distinct *pfcic» or rocc?v The snime Kfiiurk 
hold* go>y.\ u'ilh enufll or grrntpr fiHVe vJlh r(*|«'t1 lu llw 
QunK-^miijt poinU of mcutnl •itmilahtT belweon the moH Ji*- 
tintt laiv* of iihitl TIh' AmETLcnii ■IwrisiH^a, Neijrwft *nd 
Kuro|H>ans ar<? At dlfferpul from fAt-h nthrr iti tiiiijul ii» ariv 
three rttcts Ihut i:*]j ine iiuiTievI: ivl 1 was iucc^^iftnlly aliurk. 
whiUi. liiin^' Hitli ihi- Ki^-^intm mi inmnl the *" U'.'niilr/' 
with th» mflny Jittio tmil* of chnnu^tpr, iJuiriiifl Ji<jw 
ftiriiiUr thi-'ir inicla von; to uiirv; iind «o if wni^ n'i'h a 
rull'lilociilnl nrj^ro with whom ! h«|i[ietiL'(I oin?e la bt» iiiU- 

He who will tt'fld Mr> Tyl-Jra atid Sir Jh Lubbock"* in- 
lert-vlin^' wiirkii" van haMly fail to 'b& <!eopl}' iiri|ir(^Ke<i 
with Ihc clo#c siwilnnty l>ctv-c<-n llic m^^ti of fill rnvto in 
tubteh. difi|iu»ii(.|o]Li!> arid libbiUK Tlilb U hhonn by the plcu- 
uri" whii^h tlj<^T ftll inki* in duiuin;:. rudo uninif', aolinf^. 
paintinp, tflt'uojnps and otherwise doc<^>rfttiiij: th*tiiM']vo»; 
ID Ihvrr tiiuliLHl i'uT(i|ir»'h(*nf<iou of t'»'-itiiM>lhn^niiji*\ hy tb« 
ijiKibc L*xprPH"i<>n in their featurw, and by (ht nimiL' iuaH^t^u- 
Jirtc criw, when cicitod by Ihe Mmc eniolior^. TKi* nirai* 
Iflrity. iir Tiit)K-r yciifity. is tlrikin^. when er.tiilttt^ti:<d vitb 
the diifc^rvnt o:prcwif>n« and c-rin^ made by dt^linct dp^ee 
of n>nnkey». Tliere it gifod evidcnt-e l!iat the art of *bf>9t- 
in^ uith bow» and arToiv* ha* nol U'Oh hamli?d d/>wn froir 
ony common pro^milor rif mjinkitid^ yrt nf. WrafTCpfi iind 
\iWon hm 1^ rfnuuki'ii,'* tUf ^l^nii' rtiTDw-bi-flili^ hroi]j;hl 
from tht' inost ilrsliitil pnrU of the worlJ. aii'l in ami factored 
ut the moat fi'mf<tr pnno(i», nrr nlmont idi-oiicid; and thJH 
fact ran only Ih' ac-innLiifrd fnr by Ibr viiniiiri^ otir« hn^injz 
nimdnr invenin^n ^.r mc-nlal pr^were, Tht* eflinv obfli?rvflti''n 
has lieeH made by nTi-hn-oln^i&tn** wilb PCftpi'^'l in i^irrtHJn 
n'idrly-pri-vub*nr nmaripnlji, Mich nt «i^<xa^i>, Ar.; and with 
rf«p«cl to v^rioiis unijile bcU«fc and (<n«lom«t such S£ the 

» Tyl(if% • Bvrly liy/^ r.r Vf.n- 
htruV IMBj T(ih fwpv-- I" ffHJJh'- 

■J-iMrn4l"f l'rhiir^l-»4:^^»1 i^iH/v^Tva 

p. a. 

Crut^ Vlt 



burying of the d^d imd^r mrgulilliic ttnicturee. I Temem- 
htr oWniii;; in Smiili Atiiuricji.'^ tlciii tiwiv^ u b »j many 
otbiT i^Mtrtd of tN 4'orZcl, mi;n have ^z^ncrn^lly chiMi^n tUo 
vumtniU of lofty liilb, lo throw up jjilat of fituut«, eitLe; i£ 
8 record of nome remarkable oveot, or for biin'ldj; Iheir 

Ki>iv when nnhirflli«t*- observe a dofte agreement in 
numenoue unalt details of habiii, lulca^ and did^nwrtioiu 
bo1vo<m two or more domi:>1if rdct!tf, or between nearly 'allied 
tuturnl fnrniis thry utv t!u)> fact a» an argumt^iit tW they 
arc d4fiwi]d«d from a conitDon pro^^citor viho wai tliii^ en- 
dowed: and ccDbfquMitly tbat nil nhmjld be cIoa^^] under 
flu- ?wtm? vjK<i'in. Thr ttuntr U)pittH>ui mny \w appliH with 
much for<« to th« races of iDan. 

Afl it ie iiuprobttUe that tJic dddiviuuh and utLimpirtnnl 
poinU of fCzteniHance !iptu'<^pn thf *rvi*ral nir« of injin in 
iiodilj utruduriT and menial faciiltke (I di> not here refer to 
similar eu«lOEu^) iihuuld all bavi.- h^n imlr|jeudrialy ac- 
f|nired, \\wy mtut bavi- bocrx inherited from progL»mtor» who 
hud theitc »tne rhnractere. Wc th"* jfain #i>nic in^ii^ht 
into th? ^arly ^ale of man, befure he bud spread &tep t-y Btt*|] 
oTer th« faee of the eirlli^ The ipreadiiij; of man to regtonf 
widely separated hj the ACAf no dnitht. pn-crcii^^l any HH-at 
anioiint **r diverp^^m-i? -if olmnicffT in \he acvi^ral r^t^K, f*>r 
otherui»e «<? should ^on^^limet me^t with the f^itie mxr in 
di;r1inc4 ennlinrnt!*: and thii in never ihc TiL*e. Sir J. 
liubhnrk^ nftfT r»im]i«riii^ the nrls non pnLclifii<<l by luvii^eM 
in all f}nrta uf the wi>rld. qxioifieE those which men eould 
not hnvi- knoirn. wbcn he nr?t n-anderfd from hi» orijfinal 
birthpljM*; for If on*'c Wml th^y vtwM urvfr bnti? hetti 
for^oltcn." He th^ie ehi?wg that " lh« f^pear, whirh i« tiut a 
ilE\H»pmrDt of ihr knifrpcijnt, and tbe ctuU vdiich h but 
II lon^ hammrr, are the only thing* left." He adrtitlii, bn*- 
evcr> that the an of making fire protiobly had been already 
dif^'uitn^.ftir il it (-rTmmoii i'.» liI] llie rat'eA nuH' ejLijiting.aiid 
wm kuoirn -:i (h» nndunt cnw-inhabjIuiiU ef Eu^>pe. Per* 
hap* the art of mokinj: mdc cflnoi^^ or rafts waa tlkewi*c 
Liio»n: hut ha nmn eKi5li-d at n tviwiX*^ epoch, ^vhen the 
land in many pLaees itood u1 a tcty dilterent lei'el to what 
It doef now, be would have hem i,blc, without the Aid of 
canoe*. t*"i have spread wSdelv. 3ir J. Lubbock further re- 
martu ht'V itnprohaM^ it in tiiat ouf arlieet aneeetors eould 
have *' court v<I m h'l^h aa i<-n, eonitidenn^ thnt m> mAny 



Pa»t L 

racf« DOW in i^iUtciicv i-Annnl \^tA ^H^jrand roar.*^ Sererthe- 
tew*, at this ^arly pcrirvlr th^ ttttrlWni:t1 unci tncrth\ fnra1ti«i 
of mau coulU Ujir]l> ^juvc hvvn iiifL-rt<^r in any e]Elrrn>o dth 
groe to tliofir |ii>«ui'».-*htl al iirt-nc-Eit Ijv thi; luttvot »aT8£n; 
Dlhorniw printevul miiii could uol hurt' been jao cjoinentl^ 
uTioocwfui ID llic &:nia?ilc (or life, n* proved by bJi «*rjy 

Aiiil viilu i}ilTtIHii.iN. 

Krtijn tlio fujHiumctitAl ilifrvrvu(.VJt 1x?lvkv«ik certain Ian* 
(fuat'^^s fiomt (*tiloli.>gi6tf^ hove inferred l^nl when man lirat 
iHvnTiiT! widdv ililTii?L'it, ht uai^ eihI ^k -^ruiilunj;; uiiiin8l; but 
it rnny h*? >tt*pcetcd thil lrtl3;;ULiL;t."&, far io*o i.-crfvel thau ad^T 
n^iw t.|>i>kcii, aicloti Vy £1^J^tll^e^, iLii^iltl tmvc Wr:i uped, and 
yet liax^ Ipft fin tnic»« fin «nh>i(Hjiienl unci iiuirr hirhly* 
dcvH<*j»L*ti Udj^uui. Wirhr>ul lilt* i*oe of some langiia^^, how- 
ever imperfect, it iii^peir* doLiMful uli^ther aiarr» intellect 
cohI^ Hove risei) tr> ihe tUnilarct iinplivd Ziy hi« dominiiat 
pfttitiou at an earJy pt-riod. 

Whellit^r priiiii-iAl innu, nlieii he pnneHfted but few aria, 
and 1hn»» of the nidrtd kind, nnd wlien hU pownr of tan- 
^utfff^ wai* L'xtrcruely imjirfct't, would have deeorvwi lo be 
i'bIImI iti.'u;, iiiu.ll dipL'iid nii tbir ileJitiilirjn whiib a%X' emploj. 
la n wried of (orini- piuduaEinj; in*L'rii,iMy fwim iome ape- 
like ercatorc to nan *w be no^' existfl, it would he impoffiil>k 
to 111 on nity dtliiiik poinl hIk-u i]w u-tui " ntuti " ougbl lo 
bt uitLHl. yut ItiiK IK a maili^rof vvfy liliK' iiiiportarie«. So 
n|[nin, it in slinoart n matter of itxiiffrrrnee whether th^ ^- 
nalktl Tae<-« of irian arii- lliui- ileAi^L^iiuii'd, or Are ranked a& 
B|K*ei«^ or duL-8uoelL*4: but llio laflor i^m appears ihi* more 
Ap|>roprirtte. Fiiuiliy, we may conclude thai when thr prin- 
eiplc of rvoliJlion h ^'iwtnWy arrrphnl, nn it Hiimly will hp 
boforo long, Iho di&pntc hetwpfn the monoponiftla and Hie 
polygtfti^iU will die a eilcnl and unt^hfirrved death- 
One otlKT qucflion ciu^ht not 1o bo pnsaed over without 
notice, nauKly, whether, a* in p-imi-Miimtt ^L-untir^d* twth aali- 
«pei'it*> ur met* of itruii hn* h[»rt]n^ fn>n n vmgU' \*tCir of pro- 
jCi-nilor*. Wilh tnir d-^mertie nnimnlB a new race can rc^vlTly 
be fonned by carefully malchiit;' llit imyii]^ olT^iJiriiig from 
A singit* pBip» or oven from a sirjilu indiTiduul |toK<ettin|f 
lome new Gharacli-r; hut mopt trf c>nr race« have been 
formw!, ni>t intcntionftllv from a wlecH-d iiair. but iincan- 
ddouftly hj tJte pre«ervstion of nuDy individuali which HaT© 
varied* however ftbphtlv* in some njK>ful or desired manner. 
If in one eountn- Atrriii^r nnd bpBiier h'tr^fH, Lind in an- 
other country lijjnl^r and tlv^ter onDi^ weiv habitually pr6- 






ferrn], we mav fed »aro Uial lwr> dinlirct »ijL-hrepd» would 
W produivd III lliit r'iunt> ■■! tini«-« uit(ioi.u sny rme pittr 
havinji bcpn Ti^imntlfd nmi l»rr<l fnnn, m titla-r tounJry. 
Vuny nuTii ftnvr Irrn iliti^ fLinniTl, aiul rhi-tr riintinrr ttf 
iotninXion ii ckieoty analoptu^ to thai *>i nalnrsl f^y9vi<^. 
\\c know, mIio, that the Uur^t^^ tiUc^u to thtr I'alkLitLd blaoda 
liAvir, during j;utciwivi< f,'riit>m;bi)», Ifecromo KUkjilltr ami 
wcokf^r, vhilct tbow whic^h bnvcr run wild on llio I'uraiiU 
luve acijairctl \iu^t aui tuanncr litfltL}; find sueli cliangci 
arc n WD i f i*i[I h' dtii% n^it (o hiiv t>iiL- juitr. but lo hTI E.I11* initi- 
ridnftlfi liATiOjc Iji'fii uibjcrlot) tr> tbc mvhic coiidttion*, Bidi*cl, 

kn ftuch CAdM art? nul deuienJed from any 4irg]p j^rr. but 
from DOny indiviijuab t^hu^h have var^rd id dilTcri^nt dc* 
i^nti-n, liut in thp Minr |t;rncriil uinrmrr; iikI ftf* mav mn- 
idudo that the race* oif man havo been Mmilarly ptoiliiced, 
thi? modificfttioufl btnii;; e-itht-r thf dirtd rctiJl of ei|fO«uto 
to dJirrrt;nt i^Dtidifioiui, or thr indirtrl ri^ult tif rikic fonn 
of 0«](«tion. Bm to this ifttn»r euhjVl v/a tliall prci^ntlj 

On Ihf Hxiinfiii^Ti nf tht Rfiffv of }fan. — The pAtliaL or 
complete eitinttK'n of tuaity r^L't'^i oud fub-imi-a of ruau 

■"'" itnHfilljF ktl^lUlB Humhr>jdi k** in South Amr^rirpi a 
which vm Ihc fi'ilf liviT*;" rroalxire ihat could epcak 
a word of the Uii^df;r of a hiai IriU", Ancient nwinumt^ntfl 
And atono Bm|r[(*inc-niA found in all [>artii of the wi^Hd. about 
Hhich no tradition ha^ Wen prrfcncd by th« proMnt in^ 
ita. indii^t^ mun'li ei Unci tun. Stniw nniall aiul liiiikt^u 
I, nmiuat* of former Tm^^^ dill min'ivo in if'tlatod 
iiiit ffMKTilly mmmtainouji diMricte. In t'urope the an- 
cient ncfi welt* aII. arri>rding tn SehaafniaiiBMi," "Muwer 
in the s«ak Ihiii the rudevt hvin;- iiuvaf?^**: ^' Ihev rnu^t 
thcrefotc Jijiyc diffrrc-d* ta 4 «'Ttnin eslrnt, from nrr ex- 
j*1ing^r%t'. The rpiniin* H(^r-rih*»d by TVofpitor Hm*^ fmrn 
If^K Evxiee, thoOj^h th^v unfoitunaicl^ af^EK^ar l'> haii- tH*- 

Jonged to a ntnjck family, indivril<^ n riicf with a mi^*i Miigu- 
lar t-omliibatinn i>f low or liminiiK, and of high eharncter- 

tictifn, Thb rae^ it- *' cmimh diffi?roTit from any other, an^ 

,cient or modern, that we lia^-e heard <if."" It diffrrptl. 
lbervfoTi\ froxi the fjuateniory ncc of the e&r^niA of Bd- 

•vTiwtfUtiKt ifl -A«AliropDl<vi<«t 



PjlMT L 

lln^Jlv^>llnl^ll^* for hi* I'xistciii'o*' Hn Uaj^ lnun UvM in the 
Cilrtnie reffi^ine '>f xhf North, wild rnj wood for his o^ofis 
itT jjii|>Teijieiitv. uuil uilh vuly iAxihhvi ha fuv), aiti] ujcltinl 
Krow (U Jritifc. Jn ilu- touthi*ni ('xtrumity of Aiii<'rk*A Ihe 
Fiirpiiina Mirrivp witKniil the p*otcct.ioa of rlothc«, or of 
Hiiy building uortLj itr Ire lutlei a \w\^h In Huulh Afriui 
IIk' ahiuH^-ines w'ftndvr cv^r arid nlaim, wh(?n> riuii;;crati)i 
lit'iLft:* itbouQc)> Mun rnn withiiiann tlic drntilr inQiif^ncc of 
till- T<*nu nt till' foot of (he llijrialaya, and tlkc p^vlaleiitUl 
kliori'N of t^>piofl) Afnca. 

Kittrctioi] MIowp dibllj from the comfrJilinti of tribe 
with tnln% iiDtl mn' *tth rmiv VarioHR ohfokn nrw jiIwn^-« 
in action, wrvirg |r kppji rfotvir ihi^ nnrntitrfi i>f «.Moh fnt-^cc 
lribe,-^udi ftp iH^midi^nl Ittmin'--'. iLnTiiaiiii: halnU nnc| the 
conti'ii(]i-n1 ili'itfjiH of infants. |irn!onjrr-il tiK'khng, wiirv, si;* 
<idrnti;, *]rkuo«j. hconhoiifiiifipj^ Ihr *tcfthng nt vom^n* iii- 
lanticiii?, and <-ipcciftUy Itsftcncd fcrtilily. If any oue of 
i\\eit i'1]i}ck« iniTiWHt^ ill puui-r. vvvji tt\\^\iX\\\ tht* Iritw Ihiiii 
AlTectf^d U-nt\ti to dccriNUc; and when of ivn ndjoinin;; tnbv« 
onp becomes lew numcruas and let* jjo^^erfrd Ihan ihir i>1h*^rj 
the contest !« ftoon 3«?ttlod by war. tlaii^htor. canmbaliBm. 
tJavcry, luid abimrplion. Kvpu nh^ri a weaker Inhe lit liot 
lbii?i aliruptly nvrppi uw*y, if it nn^-i* U'giii^ ti» ik<TrHW> it 
generally /;oi*a on deci^A^ing until it heoom^a pxtincf-" 

Whrn eiviliwrfi naltoc^ conio into tvHitad with twir- 
1>anan« tlic Mrugclf ij* »hi>rt> rjrepi wIutt' n dindly tlimfttr 
^¥*t ita aid to tlio native raw- Of the cttusc* Arliicb Imd 
lo the viaoty nf driliweiJ nuttonts Bome atv yWm and Htupli^, 
othi^jt rompfpi: nn*! otiwiirr \\V oiii lu-i" Uiut Ihi? iruUiv*- 
lion of tho land will W futsl in mJiny unyt to »;anitt(«, for 
(Iify t-aiiDot, or w\\\ not, ohan^e Uu^ir liabite. Stw aUea^ea 
ind vjppii hflVf* in *rinr ciwn iirovi-tt lii^hlt deNlriiHivi-: and 
it ap|H?are^ that a Dc^v iiii^i^8^ oftrn r-aiiM^>i mnoh dt^jitlu until 
IbiWe ^*li*j Are imwl MiBCpptililc to Jl* deftrtiftnc sniliifncff 
aiv ^rudtiullv wp<H|i'd r*nt:*' ant] tw^ ir mav Im* wiili tlii-- pvtl 
rffert* from ppirituonp Uqiiorci ha weEl w- with the un^on 

?uemb[y ^tr^D^' tuMe fni- thciii filitrwn by to nwny ^rofut. 
1 further app«ani. iny«t«iiou» a8 U rtie fai^-t. thai th« Rrst 
mcolinji: of diftinct anil M^p4mte<l jieciptL* pmemt^d dU^dM." 
Mr SjnriaU who In Vanrouver li^ltmd clfw^ly nttrndrd t« 


4W)»fW uiviyoiH* Itcw^Tiu on ill* 



the ■«bject of L^jclicction, bellerc^d flial chAneixl bflbiti of 
life, roiHir4|m'nt i»ii tlir aJtvnl uf F^uropt'KiM. Imluirii trturh 
ill hnl1li> Jic U.VN D^'^^S ^TtAi Atcos on Ui« ii|i|ir«n.'riUy 
Irillidg eause llial iJic Qnthr* Wcoinr *'br*'ii(i^n*i! nniJ iiill 
hy tln^ ccv life aroiin'l rhein: \hp\ Use th^ m»tnf« for wt- 
crtioD. on*! i:rl m nc'ir oDia m Th^jr ^^late/" ** 

Tlie ^lAiie t"f ifitrir oiTillMition »cpmi* (*> W n inTwi im* 
portatil oleniMil in Iho fuctc™ of crmi^mrin;; nntionA A 

hflriBiM; now ADv ^itHi fcnr vvuiiM In* mli^^uloLiEt^ It is 4 
not^ cun<>ua fa^^i ae Mr. Ungdioit hoA n^timrkptif itml liii^^- 
Al£r» rfid not fonnf^Hj wHaU- away loftjrt tLi^ cIawJi-jiI tW' 
t^np;, wt rhcy now lin br^fDrr nindr-ni civiiueil imiiuriA^ hwi 
they done m. the old moralist)) would hnto miuod ov^r tho 
event; but tUwe » o« luuejit iu anj writer of ihat period 
nT<T Ih** pt*ri*hing loirl>«nan*." Tlie irjowl pi>lent of aW 
the cati^? of cTUnclion, App^nrf; in mariy c^juta to be lpt«.tnrd 
f*;rlility and Ul-hoallh. e«pecia)lj atuon^t the cliildrcn, *ris- 
in;; from «himgM conditfonfl of life, notuithstflnding rliAt 
Ihc r^rw roiitiTliont: muy not ht injunou* in tliom»dvai. 
am iijuifi JndeijkJ {^^ Mr 11. U, IToworth for hnvit^ <»II«J! 
my aiteniton tci (his anhject. and for bflving ^iveii m** !n- 
formnhon rttipcctint; 11. 1 huTC collected ike following; 

ynxtan Tftsmartii was fir«t coloniaed lh« mtiivs tret« 
ruufihly ttitinmkd by aomc at TCOO and by olhcn at 20,00(1. 
'Hirir iiuihTjit nws wmn ^irrjill) n^dikod, chirfly by t^fibtin^ 
with Iho Kn^lish mid with *soh oUwr. Aft^r lh<> tamoua 
hunt by all The c^ult>Hi?tft, kKlTi the rvmainiitir nnlirc-i tlr- 
li^rird Ihi-irinrltRi up to iJii* i:>ivi*mtnittl, fhrv *i»n*i*lril 
only of l^ individual^ who wrro in It;;!? tranflfKiHyd to 
FlindriY hiAttd. Thi# i^lii^d. -iifuau-d Utirf^tni Tzumacua 
and AiJ^^lraliH. m f.trry mib'i Uin;?. and from Iwi^lr^ tti rifibt- 
eiju indin: hnmd: il <rrinB iicnithv, and Iho nflliv*--? w<tc w<»I1 
Irratrd NVi'^rtlidcw, tbt} jufftrid prt'itlv \ti h^nllb. In 
1834 lh*»y confitMfd fBonul^k. p, ?50) of forty-»cvtTi adult 
ibtlfa, fortT-<jgh1 laiolt fctnalciiT ard J>ixtrrn childivri, or in 
all of 111 M>a!f- In Iftar, f*idy t^ttv bitndrvd l*?ft. As 
th^y contina^ rapidly !o dt^oreaao. and ait they tbcmM^lvM 
thou^M that tlury should not prruh m> quioklj cUowhctt. 

Amva, 'B«<«r* ia4 Stoillv uf 

1* 4JJ, 

■ ,411 th*'«'«»nuinE* hop* ifiv^n 4m 




thoT «i?nf removed in 1M7 to O^ulor I'orf in the Kouthcm 
parr, "f Tn.xmaii)tt. Thi-y then cniM^^Jni (I)w, 20tli, IftlT) 
of fr>tirtc*<^ti iin*n, twrnty-twn wrtmrn flrui tf-n chiHr^ti-** Btit 
tl]<- chaiii^c of f'iic did no ^od. I>]^otif<^ and df^aih ^lill pur- 
pueil Hit'iri, And in 1t^(t4 i>iil' inun Iwlio i\ivt\ in ISfii)), aekI 
lljri'e tdtk^rly woinen afoHo njrvivf*d, Th<* inf^rlUil} *^f lh« 
woincn ie cvca a mure rrmftrknblc Iticl tban Ihc liability 
uF all Irj ill-litattli ttiii] d*:<alli. At tlif lime wlini uiily uine 
w(]nit»ii were loft at Uyitor t'fjvc, Ihvy told Mr. Bvnnirk 
(p ^^C>), th«l only two had eTcr bomo children: and tUcec 
ttfi" liHd lr]gttli*r produced onlv llir^^ L^luldrenl 

Wilh rwp^cl; lo the coub? -jV Thio t-iUuordiDary eUlfr of 
thino. I>r, Sloi^r rcmArkit timt d^nlli foMitixpd tli'^ attempts 
to civilj** Ihp nnlivpfi, " If Mi lo ihcmtcUf^ in rrism a* 
thoy were wont and uDdi^tui'bed. tliov would havo rearo<j 
ijtcrt tliiHrrn, and there wntild buvc Vpu Ic** mdrtrtlity." 
Anoihpr rnrrful jibttfrvcr of thp njitivt'ft, Mr, Dnvi*, mmju-kft, 
'^ The birthg havi? been ff^w and t)i« doath^ Dumerous. Thia 
mat hdvr tri't-n in « grt^l mt^fUTt- owiu^ in tUvii <liaagc 
of living iLtid food; but more bo to their Niniulimcfil from 
the mfiiiilend of Van Dicnicn'« Land* and coD«oi)Uf^Dt <le- 
prp»Ti*n rjf spirits " (Boiiwitk. pp. 3SS, 330). 

Similnr fmis have Wn fibwr^rd in two widvtv dilTaf- 
cnt part* of AikFtralia. Tlip L^cbrflkd i^Kplorc-r, !lfr. Gicg- 
ory. ttdd Mr. BnnuiLk. Ilml in QureTinlniid 'the want nt 
repTodiK^tion vn* hcdng alnTndy folt witti thci hUclu, nven 
in the mofll rccfiiny Mttled partfr* and thai decay would tft 
in.** Of thirteen aborigjnea from Shark'^ Bay who rislicd 
31urcJni!on liircr, twrlvc di«l of conniunplion within thnv 

The decreaae of the Maorl«B of N'ew Z^land has l^pn 
curtfiillv iiuvlijEAled tiy Mr. F<'nlon. in an adroimMe H^- 
porl, iinin which nil the frillfiwing >HtatFmriit>v with one 
«x<<«Mion, Am takon." The decr^uo in r«mhpr nincp 1S30 
ia ftdmilted by every one, indudiug (he iiAlireo Ihi^rrL^tlioSv 
nnd in f^lill fitt>!ic1ily prnjrri<wi ii>f , AUhfiu^h il hjin hilb^rin 
hpfti found impostilitp to t^ke an actual ociuuk r>f tho tia- 
tivc»« IhcJr numlien vcre carefully ealimaled 1j> r<'»tidcnL« 
in many diHlriclBi, Tlxi* nvixU u^cumi trimtwutthy, ittiil !<howK 
that during the foart«<ii ycare, provioue to 1868, tho d^ 

"Tlb^itt^tbtauitcnipul of lfa« titiv. ^V\: knJ Uio ' !E'Ul of lli« TMiit^ 

vrnAT or TaMiiAniL Sl^ W. TlvniMtn, »l«bft.' 1*70, j*- U"L 

'VnrlpfW of V^ot-BriT*! LiTt.' \VT'\ " *l.»Ucri*llflTi» On Ujp AbnrlfflBftl 

Tr«L t ]■ 4t, InhkbiUubt of ?(«« ZcHdnriHl,^ p«b' 

I^ahr^ Ufe of (ha TMDAiiiuu,* L$V«L 




rmji^ wiw l9At prr cx'at Snrnr of liif lrii>H, tlni^ c«rv- 
fullj ^urninMl. fivrii nbov(> s hvAjtreJ mile* apart. «omc 
on ibc coe^. fvimf Intsnd: And their miAnA of »uliniHtrrirc 

■MUt} liatHl^ dilTL-rnl lr> n ivrUiii rxtfnt (p. 2fi), Tlxt* Ma\ 

;natnber ia 18-W ui*» Micn^d to bo S3,7O0, uuj in 1>*7?. after 

■i socotid inlcTVui of Wrlf^n yf^Ln, ADolht^r ^^iuu.h woa 
tftki*n, ami Oiv iiTiiulier U ^-i^^in &f4 unlv ^6.3A9. «lir4jii>f a 
dt-i^rt^ii.' of 3'i:2^ |WT ci'Ct] " Wr. IV-uton, ufi^rr Hht^uirg in 
drtAil Ihr iQfiifHrirnry of th<* tariou« cait»ta, ki?iriAl]v a^" 
H^iH iri v%|ih«riuli<tn nf ihtt> fvlniiinlrijiry 1ll'l-^1-lLV|^ smh 
u new itiaeo^M. Xhv prf>llipi£<>' of Iht wiHnrn, drurk^nnms 
nn, &c^ L-oncludcf on %'vifi\iiy eTcnim!^ ttiat il depend* 

|rhirfljr nf» Ih* im prod not iveiip«8 of the women, and ud Ui* 

'•xtrirtfdinary m4>rlHtil>' of Ibi? youiifi children (pp. iil, 31). 

'In prukjf uf (bi-( Tir ihi'Wji (ii. HD) tlint in 1844 Ihvn- najt im^ 
tion-itdiiH furirvpri- 2.17 ftdnlt^: Kher^^iiii in IXjW th^rp wa« 
only iMii? noD aditll for every 'S.^ adultFt. The morlality ^f 
Ihf' tidull> LB a1$Q K^^^l' '1'* nddiin^ an n fnrttirr ivii]>^r of tTif 
dtvrcjini' !hi> )nM|iuiti1r of tht> Hoxe*?; for fewi^r fen»fli<-* nr* 
horn tJiati muToK To this Ult'^r jKiijit. dr-jK-iidirij: ivHiupa 
«u n nidi'ly iliMitiii t-a\isi\ I *ha\\ r#"lMni In n fnUin' i^linp- 
kr, Mr ^Voi-hd rnnlrjiAtn with niAt'>ni'3hnii>n1 the de^rpflcv' 
111 Ncir Zi.'nUnd v^ilh th« iiK^rett^ tn IrL'Und: countrio^ nol 

."Tirry diniiiiilnr in rliitiiito. iitid vh^o* Ihi* EnKuh[tHiil9i now 
redh>tr iirikHy ^ibiiUr hahitfl, Thr Munric* thi'mftfhtji (p. ^^) 
"aMribute their decadence, tn nome mpasuiv, to Ihu intro- 
duHina of it*y« food and dothinjf. and the atl^ndanl change 
of haUtfi; " and it rill he t*^cn^ ^vtlCD nr uDiuiidrr Ibir luUti- 
emv of thA:iifid tr^iidil ji>n* vn frrlility, thnl Ihry or*' pioh- 

|ttblv ri(jht- Thv diininntii^n Iw^f^Bn hr-luepn ihp VPftr* IH.'^O 
mil Ig'IO; and Mr. IVnlon flhtw-s <p, -l»l that uUut I&^O, 
(he art of mamif«< hiring piifrid rorn (mni:M->, \-y loug 
nn^ in water «'a« di*eover^1 and lnr^*ly pra^'tised; 

find thif pr<ivf» that a chaitf-e of hobite mos Wjrinnini^ 

ftmong^t the niiliveE, vvm whra Xrvt Zenlnrid man ituly 

Ihinlv inhabltod by EnTOpean?. Whrn I rii»ited ihc Buy 

if Tfifamlri in 1835, th* dr*B* and food of the inhobitanta had 

alrrwiy \wn irrnrh mc«!ifi<'d' tb*^v nii<nl polatr>fK, maizi*, 

end other afrncuUnrsI produN>, and rxdiani^rd tliL-m for 
[Viah tMAuufocturfd iffjoda and tobacco. 
It m CTtdiwt from nmiiy vlalemeiita in the life of Bishop 
Pttttewn,*' Uiat th^ M^lnn^anj of the N«w H^bridi^ and 

> ' U& bT J. C. PiiKMn.' b? C. II. 




;;rt?e ui litutlfi, and perk^tied iii larg& mimtiers, whe!3 tbej^ 
w.'ic rciii.-*icri lo New Zi'ftliiHiJ, Norfdit UltmdH am) r>lhcT 
saltiliHtriiG [iWr«, ill (in)iT Ui Uf i-<\nfHiM eu rniwiuiijincx 

The (if'crvafle ot tht' nstii« iiopulali<>D of Ibe ^andwiicdi 
UlfiniJ* Ml OH notorioud ee tliat of >«w ^tahnd. It bob bem 
TOLJsrEity PritirmUM liv IIilihi- Ih^hI i-n[wUlr i>f juJ^in^r^ llimt 
^Uivn Look (lificovorc^ the IslanHt in nTl#, iho pojinluiion 
a[iM>iinleU lo uLoat GOOA^OO. According tu a tuiM.- ceiieUA 
ill i-ri-ill, ihr immhrrs Ihcn were l-IZXU^O. In IH-T^. unU nt 

ibkt-ii. liut 1 have Wu aU^ to obtain 011I7 the folluwiuj,' 

SflTIVI ^3n*LlTWH 

A«au«l T*f# flf 4li«ii>Ma 

pvr •P^at- «miblBC ft 

lUt^rtpt .iurilit IMS 


bMvwq Uta auMMHlv* 

f#w fvn(iii>fn m 

cvpMim , IfmcoccdXAM 

hrlng titki^q aI Invf^ltr 








fi7,OS4 j 





3. Id 



a. 17 



W*- here fe^ Ihnt in th<» iml-^rvnl uf tiwiy v*^rs. WwAen 
183V fiinl iS7:f, th* populanon liiu dvcrvntt'd m> b*« Lhon 
MXfydsht per cent.! Tfait ha--^ bwn ottritiutcd by nift«t 
ftnr*T> l<f ine prndi^jaej of Ihe woiqhi, ti> fririin»r IiIutkIj 
univ. and t»> th^> *crv*rp la1>^nr impcwod ou [.■oii<|U-,Ted tnb** 
<md to nowlv introdin'c:! discBws, which hnvc hcnn on •?*■ 
rrnl i>rrnKinii)> rxtipmply destnicllT^ Xo dnuht ihpfw and 
i>th<>r (Dc-h caae«« llavf^ betn hittlily «f11cipnt. and iiia^v ac' 
count for tlic rxtmi>rdmj»rv riilt nf diy-'triwi^ liptwrrii tJic 
ynn t»^2 and J^3r.; hm t!i« mnut jvilnnt nf all iIk^ chUHm 
F^onifl tf> be Ic^i^itL'd fertilitr. Aocvrdin^ to ]>r. UiiBcheti- 
burger of the V. S. Navy\ uIhj viait^^d thcw inlands Mwwn 
1835 Brxd 18:^7. in onr di: Irifl nf flawNii. cmly tw^-nty-fivo 
mi'D out of 1131, and in aiiotlior iUetrkt only ten out fit 





(>37, baJ A fftmiiy vilh »* mnnf n» thrre childivD. Of 
piglily ri]«rrHt] ODrMrii* nii]v Ihirty-'iiTH* liiiit i-vit tmine chil- 
Urvft; n&d " liio oMkial rJjHjH ^'iu» on at-rru;^' uf half 4 

aliniiKl pxunly i)|p «iiiiij' nvtntp* rr uith tho TsRmfkiiiRim 
ai Uy^ter Coi^h Jai'VC'S ^iio puI>tLg)i«<l lite Jli^iory in IUVS, 
vnyd t)i4t " CaiuiliRf ithti have thm- diililnu iin^ Trn^il tnun 
rII Uxm: thcih* lulling morw, un- rvHBii^inl by uifu of laml 
ami (>tli«r ^noc»ijn^:«.'iL<<Dl^/' Thit uDIMimlJiknl vuactmvut 
l>y iLt gyvrimut^iil well shewn how infrrtilr iht hily' haul 
W'oiijw, The Iti*r A. Bithu^i iuUhI iit thu JlauaiiJiii ' S|ji'tv 
tAtor' in lJ^'tfr« Unit a lar^o pntf^orlbn of ttit cliililT^u die 
at cuilj a^'iTi, fimi Uitili<jp Sulcy lufurms me iLuL lliis i!< slill 
the e^iv, ]Li>t u ii: K<^ ZtMiliUul. TJilv hnjc bciu uttrilutod 
to tlir iir^Wt i>f th(' iJiiUri'Li Ijy thi' vi'Dmi^n, hut it it prol>- 
Blily Jn lurf!*- fiJtrl iliit- tit iiiD^Jtt ui.Mki)f^ uf riiii><lIlutioD in 
thf* diiUren. iti nilaliun to Itic UHicui.-d forlilily uf thoir 
jiiiiTnL-*- Tbrrt bi. moreov-r. il fiitthrr r*^ni}ihinrc to the 
i-u>4r Ltf Xt-u Zj-.iIhiii1, ir (ho fjirl \\iat tIkt' Ih ii hir^r* i>i:t<i>Mfi 
of nielp uvtT r-.*rijalv lirllia: the oenfliiiH <>f 187^ ^AVf ^I.GoO 
a»*Kf^ to S5/^|7 fcmal« ijf iitl Ji*^-N ihiU i^ iVj-rJU »Mih-« fgr 
rvtry llMf fi-milrv; vhrrr'H^J it) aII rivili^rt (viuitiriis ihc 
fc-rrak« (^i^cceii thr* miilf'^. No doubt thi- pivilli^uit of Iho 
lALiimii may in ^rl Jicconnt f<ir thrir miliII f^rtilil}; but 
thvir I'liMM^I huhjie rif life in a much nioro prubabk* ouuim, 
iiul whit'li will at Ihv «aiiitr tiini^ aotviuiil for the itLcn«ji.-d 
uiortnlir.y, fniH^i-inllv '*f Iht i-hilrln^rr Thi- inJands ir^r*- 
vi*iri>l hy *"'Mik in 177!*. by Vanpouv^r in 17VI. an*] oftm 
tnli'i^'jtu iin> lj>' whuh'r- hi l^^lli nYiN-iinuarii'^ arrivnl, and 
faiKnl thai id(»Fjilrv Uiu\ la-vn nlnjidv [ilmlifchfih »ti*( t»tlifr 
viiafi^cj <tri't'lflH! Uy llji- kioj;, Aflrr IhiA [>oni>d th»."iv wo» 
« mpid chan[^^ in Aliiruf-1 nil the huhil^or lift- >'f tht iiulivi«, 
Kill llit^y ?iiiLiii InTumt- '' llii' iruiHt HviTiu-il i4 \\iv I'urilir 
J^lundt-:'*-" (*nif *->{ tuv infrirmantj, Mr (.V^aa^ who was 

*n (in thi- inUrtdK remark? that the nalivt-j^ havt: ttudrr- 
im- n g7f«t^r change in their hnldts of life iu iht< counte 
[uf fifty vvurtt llian Kn^-U«limrn tluniii; a thnijAnnd yi-»ni. 
tV^m infonnfltirn M^fi-iM'H frum Ri*hrt[i Stnh-y, it *hM'> mrt 
k|H»Hr thai tho jhxir^r clasft-J have ^ver niuoli changed Th*ir 
l#hct, alihf>*"jch iriaijy nvw kiiuis nf fniit hflvo httn intro* 
lilurfili Atic] lh(^ Nti^mt-rniir \t !ii iiniv-^rut »rM\ Oviii;g, how* 
tpvnr, tM Iht'ir [Hifth^n f«r imiiaiing IvurorH^ans, Ihcry altered 
[th<^ir riuiihTT </ rlrr^ing at iiu 4'Jirly jj^riad, tnd lie Ufti- cif 
i1("1»,iJh' diiiiL? Intinu? vi-ry griirnd Alth^iiii^h tln^s* 

Ln|m Bp(ri4r itiMMiRidcmble, 1 can well bcli«V0, from wtiat 


it known Willi reeiicct to unimrib. Ihat they nii^t office 
tu Ii*KM-n Ihv fi^rlility of (hi.- nati(<»." 

I>a;it]y, Mr Mnrnnmnm i.intru** thnt th<* low tncj 4*' 
IfradH iiiiiabitaiilH of tlio Anriainan lelands, on th« caetcm 
null; of llii' OiiU l^f BtJiifc'fll, ure '* i-miitejith suite ^iliWe tp 
Any chflcgQ ot fliinntn: in faH, taka thi-in iiwiiv from ifaoit 
inland bo^ni^K nud ih^y niv- almost certain tu clic, and lliat 
itn}*^^»fiid*'iillv of dh't ur i.-'XlratitniiH itilliieiiffN." He fur- 
tlnTf araU'M ilial the iiihabitftnU uf llic Vallpv of Nihhi), 
wliicli ii* oxi.n-nirly hi>l in ^timincr, and also the vanon* 
liill^uilwf of IndiA. M)lt>»r fnmi i1_\><eiil<^r> ami fpver ulien 
on tilt.- pldjut: and thoy di€ if they uttutiipt tu poflii ttit? whoie 
jfnr ihcro. 

We HiM' see thnt miiiiy frf Ihe U'iVlor THres of mnn an* 
apt t> suffer inucli in liciltU wlii-n iiibjecte<1 to diAii^d 
comlitiotiA »r IiaIuU uf life, Atttt iil>1 eiduHivcly fruni lH.-in£ 
tnini^tiorlt'il ta a ni>w rlinule, Mrrc nlttTMtinnia in liAbitft, 
which do nol appear injurioue in thtniflflvoit, g*>cm to haTe 
tiirn !iimr elfeel; laid ill aerrrnl tnjrt^ the LhiMri'ii are jmr- 
li^ulurly habU* in Kuffpr, It hiw oftt-n been Knid, a* Mr. 
MacnainarA remark^< thai man ran resist with iinjHinity Ihr 
greji1e»t iliver>iilieK i>r tliiriHl'.' and oihvt rbuu^f^. bnL Ihtf^ Ja 
Inift only of Xh*> civilju'd nuew. Man iri his wild enndilion 
ar^irtfi to be in tliia rcflpovt almost ji* nusreptiblc a» bin near- 
fttt allies, the anlhropoid a|ie«, u'hi[<b have ii<<Tpr yet sur- 
Tircd lonff, when rem6v«d fwm Ihelr iibIjt* eovinlrj'. 

L«-«f4ned fertility from cban^fed eonditionrK aa In the 
(«^e of the Ta-imaninna. TllfioHf^. S^mlu-iHt IvUndfrv, nnd 
ap()ai¥iilly llie AuHtraliane, \» ?U\\ mr>i^ inlereetJttf- than 
Iheir liability |o ill-b^vilth ami d«ilh: for *t*ii u alipbt de- 
g-T^p of irferliJitv. i^fwuMriml with tbojie ullicr e«ufftr* whirh 
lend to cheek ibi* inowaiic of -^rprv pnjmktiun, wonld fiooncr 
ur latrr lehd to i-xtindion. The illiniimtiun ot ffrtiliiy niav 
Vm* <?xplAir]rr1 in uotnt* rswe* by ihr ])TOlMy:tn'V of ibe women 
(as (inlil Ulelv with the Tahtliani^K but Mr, t'cnion hw 
!ibL-uH Uicit thU eijilaiullou liy no ruc*an« §iil!1cra with Uifi 
N«w Z««lAiukrft, DOT do«M it w'itii tii« Tasmaniana 


■Jkrv**' Kt^T-ry "f ihi Itk^MtKH I^E- 
ID llJ^ Htn^lv-ii^i ]*liiid>.' 1^1, |>. r* 

■ V or wt HnuoJ tlic WcvU.' t MA. vol. 
\. [4 tri I tf>vt iJiv c«D>ii* bf Lbv IV*- 

«n1 >iutK tiiiliir kill Jf iHrit i^i* tCr Cdbu, 

V'Ti ' nli^l ill mil.*! 0«K1I 1 h>T4 COfll- 

|4ml ifjv Y'>uniiiu» QipirfM ulUi tba« 
tfiYrii in »9r«ik] oT Ibi- «liriTa-a«aiH 
wnrka 1 h^i* ■vmJIt'il tliH ■>i>Iiaiiii fbt 

-TUe Indkiti MmiMl OmUa; 
?4i.^. I, len, PL MO. 

UmUa; ^ 


THB KXTixrrms (vp kacfa. 


In tli^ p&\tfv aliove tjuotoil, Mr, Mannnmara givfS reigns 
for ticli^vin^ thul Xhv iiihaiiilHTiU of <Jjf(tnoT« vu^jt^i^t ti> 
iHJilarJa nrv npt to If nU'Hk: Imt ihiJ i^iMint apply in ^^v- 
i-ral of tht> alH>v<' raw^ Sumr wrKi'tw hnw *u^*itrrl Ifml 
the 'iluri^nvti uf i^lf^n^lfl havt^ fUfTcrc^l m fi^^rlility ari^.l liL^ultli 
frum long continued inti-i-bn-'wUiiif: l»ul in iUl- abo^t' ulics 
lQf(>ril1ilT liJw foieu-idml I'm Hij*i'lj wiih thi- nrrlval of Ku^ 
n>pcaiitf lor » lo admit thi« itx|]JniiAtinR> Nnr hnv^ we at 
|nnM*i]t unj KiuMm tn Mieie Ihat titan in liii^hly *'>[ifiilivi* in 
tlw ?vi] i'ffpi^Ts iif inl<^r-bfrei]in^. oii|it^cHilly la htvua m) Ijiri^ 
as N«7i Zfuland, ond llic Snndwioh nrcUifX'Eujfn with iu dt- 
vrmifrHl ^l^UiMnn. On lljt- it^Jiitrur^', it t« kuuwii lliaL tlie 
prtwriit iTibabiiuniii irf Norfulk IsIahi] avi> n^-arlv alt c^oiLMinA 
or ix^r ri4aU^>nN» j^^ arr thv Todafi in liidm. an<l tJir intiilnt- 
aiil:^ <if mifMH' (*f Hm' M'MtTTi Nlrti^d* of Srodand; and yut 
,Um))' dL-vm Jtt>i to htivtf riUlTurKl in fertility,** 

A imith mor^* prdUibic viuw w *ug>rtBtL*ii Lv tli^ flualoi-y 
of the louh«r ani[aA]>- TIjc rr-|iTiHliict|vr itrAtoai rjin Ih< 
ah«vD to b» w^ceptibl*' t<' an oitr&ordiimry ilt^xf (thougli 
wliy we knov not) to diAnifi'd i^mdiliunw fi lifin and tiiifl 
HiuicTr|viibi1ity U'litU both in iH^nHuifli nml tu pvil n-^ulia. A 
Urg? ofilWtion of f^c^U on tlii^ mUjm-i a gjvtn in Hiitji- xviii. 
of vol i)^ of my ' Variation of AniinuU And I'lant;^ tinrlor 
Uomt'itTir'atioTi/ I (im hi-n' \!iv*' only Uit- lirk-fettl uliHtrni^t; 
ami cvi^rv onf iiitcn*itpd in ihp Mi^'^'^t mav consult Un* (ib»ivc 
work. Very blifbt cbangn iiKicat^c thi- hcallb, vi<{uur and 
f^rtiliiy of moflt or all or^'anic buing*, whilt^t oihvT vhan^t 
niv knovn to n&dCT a lar;pc nnmbrr cf aninialii ttti'ik- Ortu 
of thr mtM familiar ctifn, U that nf Inmril eU'|j1mnU not 
Wodinj: in Initia: ihongh Tli**y often lireed in Ax^, wIk*!* 
tlio fcmalt'f HTv alliM'c^d fti naia iiIhuU IIk forrftii t^ Homc 
CKtcnl, am) art- thn!< pWvi] imdi^r num* nnlnml tiotidilicjii^. 
Tlii" raKo of tnrinnK Am^Houn Tnfknt*»r4j )w>lh «exet of wbioh 
hate bf^en kept for ntany y^wfr io;:i-iljt^r in thiur ovn ccuo- 
trifs- and yet liave vn-y riirtly nr nrvrr ^rnl, i* a man* npjni* 
ijie in-<iaii(-«. li(-ran*e ^f th(»ir rvhlionthip to man> II ia 
rrmnrkahl^ hf»w sli^rbt a di^nj-p in tlir ennditiotiB itUvn in- 
docet feTL'rility in h tvild aoimiil ubin ratitunMh aitd tliin Ih 
the mi>K' Mran^c an all our domo«lT<fllr^ animalp bave Ik*- 
coma more fertile tban tlwy wer* in a tUlc of naturi.'; auti 
intp of tJiC'ni can re^hl Uw un^i larrnataral ctrnditiorin vJlh 

FW Ult Ti-Ul*. iV I'M. 1141, ' ^1 . : 




Vt%r k 

ujidimi»itiU»r1 fertility." Cerlivii^ gTUV|ie of ajuiuiU are 

mijHi mcnv lirthl^ thiiH olln-r* U* \n^ nlWlwl by nt|'1ivi]y; 
nnii ^ftrmlly nil the ^porioH of llio mhiv ^tup itre alTi^clcd 
iu i\iv Miiii*^ iiiunriLT. But wiuvtiiiiL^H a .lii^k fp^ir* in a 
j^r'^tif k TL^ndend KCi-rife. whiUt iIlv oiIivn are nr>l ao: nn 
thi^ other hun^lt a ninslt^ npmrp may rvlnin iU fcrtthtv 
^vliilhi Jtiost of (III.' otEirrfe fuil tu brveil. Thi.^ iuaI?4 ano 
r<-MiikU<'4 of Bomo lifieoioa whi^fi oonlined. or vrlu^n allawcd to 
iivr alitiii!'!. but not quite fnrr, in tWir nntiw cutiiitry, tit^ver 
iiiLiti'; ot1irr« thij« I irriiTii^l:;nri-il rn'ipiintly iinJIr hut ticvi-r 
jimdiirt- off^priiiji; ath*-rs again produf^ wine oJTt|mii|ij, hut 
ftAvor than iu u irtato of uaturL-; itnii tm bL'urtng jq ttiv abr>T« 
i-iLHW of niiiii, it U iinniirlitnt to rnnnrk tbnt lb« jouu^ Krv 
a|>t ti> !»*• im^afc and nMf, or inaffonniHl, jind tci jwrith at 
an early aife^ 

Stfin^ ]»ow };;i<rii-rHl it ibi:* Ihw iif tftr -tiisci. plibility of 

tbir rrpnuliictivp uA^slfm to Hiiinj^'cd condiUoiii; nf lift% and 
that it iiiiM? j/'Xii i^ith o\»r nearcet allit**, the QLudrun^ana, 
1 can htirdly ditulil lh»t it ap^jTii-i Ut n\tin iii lii-* |M-irii4>va] 
«iilo. Ilvnt!i* if iovMirtw of any r»*><> nru indut^t-d ^uddeniy lo 
clianec their habit* uf life, ihcy becoii^e moif or lew »tenlp> 
and ui&\t yuimp olfvpHuK lurTer in healrli. in rlie aanie man- 
ner ond Trcim lh<* wmc cauw, as df> the clffphnnl nnd hunt 
ini^'leofiiml in Tridiju mimy intMiL^y* in Aiiu-rieh. unci h boat 
<d AiiLTiiaiR oF nil Icindv, an mmnvAl from Th<-ir natuTiil cod- 

WV I'HM «i*i* why il i» ibiil «briri^fne*, whi* have loti^ in- 
luthitrd ii^lntidp, and who murt hnvc Iwrn lut); ex|¥irtKJ to 
m-arly imifirin i.*'nulili'»nf<. ^b^nibl he iipt'ciallv offireled hy 
any change In Th<>-ir tiahlt«, as -lot'iTis ti-* h^ tht* eB^-*-. Civilised 
tncoAcancoHainlT nvitt cbanj^-rt of all kind:' fnr bHtcr Ihau 
Mavn^fc^; nnd in ibi^ n^«pr-r-t Ibt^y rc9Leni1de dmiH^tientrd All)' 
mnK f'ii' llinii^rh tb*- latl^r iwrnetlniPd *niffer in b«^ltb (for 
jnelanfe Knh^peait t]t^^ in IndiflK yut Ib^y ore fiirely rcii- 
drrrd »trrrili\ thttnyh n Uw tiuh inRtnnnv brti- lanrp rr- 
rr^rdt'^l,*^ T1i» immunity of Wvilfot^d ratwi and doinnttjriitp^l 
nniTuah h |>rcb«blr duo to tlic^ir having hcni subjected to u 
j:reMlir i"a|i"||(, ami llii-rtfiiri' ImriJijf >rn»Mn jwjnu'wbjit m*nv 
ac<'U*l()incd, lo divrn^ificti or varvinR ctmditiont, thiin Ih*^ 
majonty of wild entmals: and lo their havLnjr fotnicrly im- 
miKraled iif Wu riirrled front cviTintry lo countrk'. and Id 
diif^rent familiu* or siib-rAcr* liavinj^ int«r-cto«Mcl, It ip- 

CmAw. VI L 

Tue BXTiKcnox or uxvtsL 


irp Ihnt a croM with riTiliMd imce4 it otwt gtnjt tc ba 
AUiri^riital rnci- ad jiiimiinny froQ) 1)i4- <vj| i>~mFe'|ii(?ncea uf 
dmjrij<t-ij tf.-ndilioiu. Tliii« the i^ivium^ ofT^i^ripj; from Ihe 
TiiJiitiiiii» and l-,H};lb«h, nlii^i) EiE-lt)(?<l in PiUuim l?Iun<l, m- 
itvjbtfd to rupiiily ilittl the Ulond vtm ^oon i>vfrsiocki.-d: 
itid IB Jane Ib.iii lluj were ri^mnted lo N<»rf'»lt lulainj. 

iiiAkin^ ji littiil •>( IM, Ui*rr (Ui-y liki-wtjcr itir-ri':^*ri] no 

Isl^ini tn lii^ni'. I]k->' tiumbr^rvd in Joiiuan' l^C^. JJMt f^uuIb; 
llif main niid fi-iimti*? L-riiL^ in nrntlv rn^iul muiLltrrK. 
What R c^^ntrm^t <lv--i lliji^ eiakj prt^aoitt villi th^t <jf tli« I^hm- 
iDdTiiuri9; tlir N'^rfnlk hland«r« I'nciYtfW in odK Iwdvo and 
a hnir jnun fmm Till lo 30(>; wlirritiM llir TEUirndtiiniiH ri*^ 
rrtajittt dunntf fiflrcrt yiurv froro LSD to 16, of which latti^ 

is?? Hi* iiiitivi>f of full Muni in iht- Sandwich l&lfltult d(f- 
cr*Nwrd bj 8081, uhJIpl liir hsH-outi^!, who an* Wii-vi^d to 
N* htallhW, }ni:r^'ii«<><3 l-v KIV; but I do nftt luon- whHhi^r 
lliu ln(1<-r tLLtmlii'T iDt.iudtTj lht< <iir«pnii}( from the half cnnlvrv 
or only lUf lialf^a^t"?* i^f ihr fir*t erUf-ntioD. 

TIk' ojjii'^ u tiicii I hjiiiv hi>[v ^v«'n all rebU to aWrigint^ 
u'ho \tati- tri'in ^ul>;H'Ii-d to nr« ^coditioUB iUf lU^ T<«u1t of 
{}tf immij^rniinn n( fiviWficii ntcu. fiut ilrrilitr nticl ill- 
lit*a1tl] tfonW proliablj toWov, jf Rivngn vnrp rompi)*IM \%J 
anj fjtt»e. ^iich aa IIk' inroad of a C4>nquerin^ tribe. Ut 
^fuiert thpir hnmrc jind li>rhaii|^' tlu-irbsbitH^ ll ikiiii inlfir* 
^^tiuff cifrtkoislaik^'*' that lh« ohtvf ^^hin^k ti> nild AniTEinl* 
WoiniiiE doim^slinilcx!, «hkh implies tht pow^r of their 
hrf'ding fivi^v wliPii fii-<i rftfitrjr**(l, wml unt- chi^f rb#M^k In 
wild nirfi. vfi'h brnuii^lit into mniaet with oitdiKbticw, iur- 
-HiriaM Ui ftirm a aA ili^i-d rai'e, » the w^wa^r daio^It, flcrilitj 
Jrom fbflTiRrn r^imlitintu nf !ifr. 

KiiuiU, Alib>>ui:h thr >:raduAl Hrcn^iA^ aiid uhii[iat'> vx- 

'lilirtirD uf ihr? nrvt uf ti^Au Is a b:jriily c^^in^tf^i ficldrm, 
du)irndia;i nn ii«Dy r-uuw^ whtcb difTt^r in different pUoo* 
ftiul nl different liino; U iv the jnino prohK^n xs ihal fire- 

;wnh"<l hv tbe I'lllnHiim of one of the h»)7h*T aiiirnBl*— «f 

fonii homit. tir in'tniiiv. whieh diMiT>in.ikr«*rl from Snitth 

L, Hoon aftervAi^U to be trjiUci'tl, vrithin thr mhii; 

LJliMir>fTniftl'C'lkiifi|T**t-* LtAy 

?om* ai rtmamnt^ Mat tMi. 1««]l- 

^iBiLvLi-Tj |iiarti|4f« tfb f>Diii Uiit 
' U«i»al(iib ■.■*B«««,^ Abil fttitL kir, Cote 






(lUtrii-Iy. liy i*oij|illt*4s (roti|» at Ihv S|iUMiai|] luino. Tlu' 
Ncv /ciitniukr M-tni): cunFciriiiH of thii^ imriilUilifcin, for Ihj 
comparer hiA faturo Tate with Chal tjf llii? nati^v rftt dov 
almost 4al«niiiuati?i) b%' rlie Furojx^an ml Though rh^diA* 
cuHy i^ fintki to our tmaj^uatiuu, nml rvuUy irrval, if vte 
viali Lo a^cerlAin the pm^im:' c«iiti<f nn^l thrir manner of 
Odion. It tjuglil not to }*& sn to nnr wiini>n, stf long na we k4V|i 
trti-D(iily in unnJ Ihut llu' inc-ri'a*?v of tfldi Bi>L*fi« aud «ch 
mri- fx miiiHljiiillv rhrrkn] irt inriou-i u~ay;i: m tlinl if aay 
iM^u' clK-ck, fTtrti a jli^bE om\ l>^ EDprnidiliMl, t)i# ran> irUI 
j»urvl,v jL'L'rL'LiF*^ in numtH.T; aiiU docr(<a^in^ nun>b«re nil] 
wionrr (tr lairr Uwl In ntiiiriifin: llif <'ui1. in mu?*t t-asft*. 
baing promptly dot«rinini>d ]>y ihc iuruads of ct^n^iftTtnij 

0» M^ ^Wfjinfinn af iht Rarrv uf .Ifun.— Ill fluinv i^aiM 
tha L-miuJnif of diiitiat't nu'Vi hmt knj lo the fomiutioo of a 
nrir race. TLi* urign^kr fort that Ihi^ Kuiopcanii and Elin- 
dorif^. who hfliing ti fh^ »&ni« Aryan HJoi-k. and ^posk a lan- 
f[Uapf fuiu1umi-null\ tb«' «aui^, wlvv widdy ta ipi^oarano^, 
vfiitAt Iviirt'prjiii?' differ hxjt little ffom Jm'», wno hHt»n^ 
to ihi^ Sf-milii- ^nnrk. iiml G[H-nk tf|iiili> nnntTii^r iMu^ia^t*. 
Uta Wen ui'i^i-iuiiU'd for l?^ HrifL-a.'^ Ihrou^h ix^rtmn Aryan 
braUi:h(^ hariii): In-vn lur^jily in-*«*«l br indiifi-nom tribw 
(hiring xhi'tv u'ijIo dilTiiAkm. Whon two raifV); iu Hi-iiu* con- 
IJict tro^^p tbi? fir«t result i^ a b*.'ler(>^t*Tiouup mixtiii>>; thiu 
Ur. HunU'r. in Ji'scribia^ tb^ Snntub m bi1t-1rilKT« of IiuIia, 
itny« tliiit hnndn^lfi nf iniiHTrrprib}^* ffradnfionii may b« 
(rflC^id " fnriin (be lil^ok^ p^miiE Iribt'* of the znotuilAlDS to 
tbe tall (r]ive>uu1uLtrt\l nraliiiLiiit. willi \\\a ii\\.v\\wi\m\ Irrm, 
ftthn iM'i**, and liiirli l»ni iiiirrou bi^iLil;" ko lliut it j« n*-otfi'' 
iary in cnarti: of jnidit'i^ to ask thi' «ilr<rf«e» wbclhiT l)ic> 
■fr Sjintjili^ c.r lUndimn" Wbdh^r a heterofc'vn'*(ius jji^it- 
y\»t KUch «^ ih^ inbabjlacte of »omv of ihi* \\\\\v\'c>\^i\ 
ifllandp, fonnoJ by \\\v t:ruMinK of Wn distinct raet^ with 
f(rvi" ur n» |nm- inrnibrrf^ b-H, viiiibl ever bynmiE* honici^iip- 
oan, ii» nci knonn from dir*d *^Tidenot*, BiJl at \iitii uur 
domo£lioak'd anin^alii, a croto-brtf'd con rcrlAJnly be fi^rd 
and laadr uniform by mn-fid »i*lrclifjii '^ m IHp roiirnp nf 
a f<v j7i-riiTr»ti<mji, uu may infer that tbe fr^o inlercruaeinu 
of a brtcro^^neouft mJilure durinic a i"i^K draLvnl wuuld 
Ly ihe plat'i- of v«ti<iion, and ovpreome any tvndtmcy 

*'nr( Aikfriri>i>alo,rr.' trutHlMLtm •i-Th# VirUllnii nT Abkni4U tud 

'AiiUirTjj<i>]f»f R<n\<v.'.Tiji. i»i^ u.n^ I'lufit* urHlcf DoruHllMaoiL,^ voL LI 

»<1'lr« AiifiAl* c/ Kuril Bcikgai; h »& 



TBR rosvArtox nr racir 


Ut revHfioii; w ihfli the rrflswl mc^ woiiH ijltim*i«*lj b**- 
cone homop!ai.<r>ijH. Ihoufili it iiiu:hl luiT i^aitakf' m an equal 

Of All ihp ()i(T»mii-(T£ twtwp«ii ibit rkcui of mm, Iha 
colour of the akin ii ihv mo^l con^pim^Mj^ »j\4 rnw o( tfic 
l«n(l itmrknr U <i«i fiirnierlv [litHii^hL lliat difTL-ttiirt« of 
thw kind couW !»♦ *<xt>uQt(''l fiw \n- h'lm t-xpu^un* I" ilifFer- 
tni cliisam; b«t Falla^ tln4 vhf'wrd thjil th» i* not unable, 
and he li&^ ^inL^e Ijeen Mloir^l lij nlmohi nil nutlirtipoli)- 
l^icU-" Thi« vicu' bu been rej««l44l chii^llv U^oavitt* iho dit- 
Iribullon of Ihc varioutlT rnlourrd iM-rv, inuM I'f wlioni 
■iii«l ti4V(> long inKa))ii*'it iMr ]trn«cni Iihiti'v, Aopt nor C}' 
iticid^ vith corr^poDdtn;- dilTq<reDc>M <il Himati?. ^onw 
liltlc vcigbt iflAj be pv^i to »u<:h tiiat^ up t)uil of Iht.^ Dutch 
families wlin, >A wi* Umr mi i^trHlrnt ntitJioritj,*' haw rot 
undcr^'ODe Ibo Ico^t change of oolniir aftvr fVAidin^ fi>r thTv<« 
fdrnlufiiu ill SfivitU Afntu. An Ar^uuitiit un thf Mine side 
mar liLmriia^ ht ilratrn frini Ihi' iiuifonn apptviratu'L' iij 
|Y«rioiiA pftH* of Iho world of ^|#ict fia^l Jrwp, tl^oti^h the 
'UiriroTmity of Uie latler Imf Wa -luiiK^uIiut citty;t'crflle<l.** 
A T«rj damp or a very ^ry atmoi^^^hpn- hH>- U-in ^iippcdMl 
1o be more miluiDtU) in iDodifvio^ Iht- toli>iir o( tlie *hiti 
iban mcf* he*!; hiil at: P'OfM^ny in Smith Amrridi, ai^d 
Livinf^topc in Africa, arrtviMl at dijimotricallj oppoAilt* 
roodiwiona «il}i iv«]>rc-t 1o dampinw dtmI dtjt »«-«». aiij cou- 
cliimn oit tbU bf^d mtiAl be cmi?id?n»d »£ vi^ry doiibEfuL" 

VwioM fact*, which I have pivn ^IfitTilicrf, pro** lliat 
iht* colour uf ibe ^tirn anil hair i> wimHiiiM'^ ivirivlaU'd iu a 
inrpriuiij; maniKT with & complete immurlty fr^im the ac» 
tioii i>f Of>rtaLn rep'ttliK^ [lob-)!]^, and from 1li« ailfickf of, 
cerUJri {nrajiiU^. |fi-rhr<- it nmirr#<f| tn me. Ilutt ii«^roM. 
nfid oihvT dark titn^s nught ha^r Hi^iiirfvl thdr dark linUi 
hy Ih"^ darker iiidividiiiil^ ti^i'Afjiij): (r^ytit the dradlT inf1iicn<Jt 
of like rritii^FiiH nt fh4<ir nalin- rfiiiEi1rii-«, during » lor)* i^nefl 
of p*ni^ratioiu- 

I aftuwards found fhat this Mme id«a had Mn^ Rffo 
cvnifwd In Dr W*Ui." It h*s lon^ bom knovii that n&- 

hfe>s-' It^^ 14it \i r '"^ IT* "** '** 
ld«TM hr KiiptH|iSi, In hi* ■ K«jCr4jro 

uir Afiuint|*>|nr;<\' t^ia f*n *xi'iii' 
l*fil ■uiini*«>7 "Ml* **i4rn'« *• ri«v»i 
hj tiMrm, *!** rr-p***v" iww. Mi- 
ll Pl M4. tW^ 
I' Jilt >fc^rpw Bnaih. bB i|ri'itrt( h* 

IT. »W?. p. TJI- 

■• l.ii-.n^vIikMi'* "Thv*!* Kill] P«- 
^*fvU^ In * AlMnitv* IflW, inv ***, 

** Tw Jl IQI't rrJal Trl^n ^ir K'-ml 
4h. m :ttl u\.l y*i}-r.<i,^i \n hk K*-< 




f*ua L 



f^roct. and cvcd mnUlloM, arc Atmoet comptoldy excmi>t 
from Ihr vcllow-f^vrr, m d^hiictivc in tm^jioil Ain*^c«-*' 
Tfifv liUwjhf i^i:«|K' lo II Irti'jii" I'xlrnt tlfi> faliil irtlennil- 
XvitX U'ven^ i^taI firt>vuil nluii;- at [v^l ;;6W mik*^ uf Vie 
jihnm ->f Africii, 4m] vcluch mitnmWy tausc onc-fiflh of the 
K'hIItt sKllfT* li» rlir. fliiil jmcitlmr rtftli hi ri-liirn immo in- 
vtthdod.^' Thif immunity in Hk' rK^^ro eeonis to bt partly 
inlirn^nt. dqjcudiji^' on mmjt- uuknuwH peculinriLjr of con- 
KlilLitiun, nml [i^rll^v Iho rtvitU ol ai^rlliEiAlitnti^c- Pou- 
^hot " etatcfe th4l tbo Dr|«ro rofon^^^ni^ recruited noor th^ 
8oiui4Ui. ami lorniweJ from tlic Viceroy (jf Rgypt Ujt Uw! 
llcik'uii wur, vK^uiioJ (lit ^^vlltuv.fL-viT olmont »<|UfllIy uHh 
ihc nc^'''**'* £»ri|;iriftlly hrou>rht from %'nn'ju» pftrU of AfricA 
bii<.l lif^vUfhjiifL^ ti:* tilt' i.'IJiiuiU' of i\nf ^Vt^al luJii's. TIjuI 
fitvlimaliF^ilicin |>lav^ a |iar1. in uheun ly lh<-' muiiy i'iuo» m 
which nrgrcKji haw k'^Jinr Aoni<-whjit hnblp to Tropicnl 
f*\iTf>, ttUrr hnx'my: n>iili'il U'T n'tiw linn' in fl ciiMiT cli- 
Lto,^^ 'Hie nature of [)»(■ t^hniAli.' under vhtcli Iho white 
\m\v Umg rftiidcd, likrwUc hii.* aoiuc inth^ncL' on thond' 
for during Ihr fvJirfiil i'(]irli>iiiti< of m-IIi^w fi-vrr in l^iiki'mm 
diihng 1837, Uv, UlArr found that th« death-rate of the int- 
niiiTTAnU vtr^ pm|H>rtional lo the latitude of th« Cduntrj 
whence fhpy hod cnmt\ With tin* m^^trti Ihc itnmmiily, ■■ 
far otf [t ifi the n^ult of acchinatiHalion, ]Tn|Jin» axpo^vrv 
duvioL' n pmdijfioii*; Int^-tli of liiiif; Tjr Hie uhoriifim* of 
tropical AriipncJi uho have r<*tidri! Ibrrt- from Hint' inimt'- 
mnriul, art' not i'\uiti[it ti-uiii xi-llow f^v^r; and ih-* Krr. 
TI, R THBlnim <itnir». thi\\ ihiffi- .uv dihlriclt m Nurih- 
tm Africa which Ihc tijilivo inhA^]tflnl^ urv oom[jL-lk-d 
nnnnalW to leave. thout£h Ihc ccgrow c&n rcrnAin With 

Thttl tli<- imrnnnity of the no^ni it m any df*rr*e oor- 
rrlntnl wilh lln* cnloiir "f his fkiii tP n inrr'' conjecture: it 
mav hn rorrrlntnd with itomc* ditTi'n'iice in hif hWwI. iicrvoil* 
ST>tciH, or other liuaca, NevcTthck-a, from the fi<"ls abovo 
nlLiidrd Ut. anil fruni smitii' ciinnei'lion appjirrnll* milling 
Mwfcn CAmplwtion and a hindf^ncy lo cinsiimpion, Ihw 

(i«v H* fivmi in my 'Vnnulr'ii '-f 
Xn»fnit« nttAti Ttnmnaif^tm.^ ml. It. 

IT s«, fr,r *ii.Jw.p», S^n aixl fifi'l- 
i|wii,'Ti[ji* rirMfcTiklml/ T" "' 

■■ ' Tti^ HiitiiVitv erf <be irundii 

iT*iilij't i>i .\fiil-mii"lnpir.' tmniliu. 
■nul^pi* rw«* in hit * Tnwt^'* 




ftiDj«Huri* secraod to m^ nut iiuprQt«blc. Consequently [ 
rndt^ftTourvnl* wiOi Uit iLttL- nm^i^w^*' to a«ci.Tlnin h^v fur 
il hotrU gr^ii. Tin* UtP [Vr. DniiiHl, vhri liHtl I»i[>; Uvnl (irt 
the \Vu4t I'lft^ of Afnca, lold int? that he dM not bclifve in 
«nx ''ich rvljition. He v/aa hiniwlf unuftiidlh fmr. mid liuij 
with^ljiTMi tlir dinmtr in n WiiiulL'rrnI mniim-r, \\'h*ru hv 
lint ArrivfO a« « boj* otl tliv <'uA^t, an old uiid ^v|x htrncrd 
o^ro thiti predictviJ !n>m Iiia ui*t*jir(inci» tliit iliis would 
pmTC the i-w*. f>T- N(cht>tH"i, [»f Anti^-un, nfu-r liMsfti^i' 
tUviHkd to thif mbj?-ct« vnt(« to mc thnt rhirk'Cf}|r>uivi) 
Evropv^ns esctpc th? rcllo^ fever more tlinn Ih*r4<^ that arc 
!tghl-ni1ourn4, Mr. J. M. Hurriti alUij^t^lher ik'niLS tTiat 
Kuropdkxw vilti itark hair wilh»dAnd a hot chmulv buctt^r 
tban otltcr mtn: oa Ihe coDirary, cipcnciM:^ bu taught bkm 
10 malcin;/ a itOedimi of in^D fi^r »t>rvioe on the (ohj^t rtf 
Africu, to phocpT tho(*c irilh r«l hiur." A» far, tlK^n^foro, an 
ibcM' *ligbt IntlicatioCf cv, tJicrc iccinft no foundn1if»n for 
Iho hjpnihraia. l^al Macfcri'^is ba« rvtiiltpd frrnn Ilir (krVrr 
and tUrk^r HKliTidunTu hariTi>; rturvivcd b^ttvr durmg long 
«Jtpn«ttre to fcTcr^Kx^^ noting niiA»Tii«, 

■■tOtllP AiflTltf rpf IFWt 1 riFnUlflf*! 

^wWiuli Iwn lbs Diivclif -UfBinJ 
Afiiit> *• inminiii. tt ifn- tui-^ivtvi of 

iVvt fiitP lirtti fh-nM»4| JirlllJ f-at \i<f- 
liv rvWir i4 lie fr'niml t[»fH<ikh]niii^« 

Uhl tfrt rKHJBlitllthitl ; B3l L( l>l<lllh' 
daffT* ilf fplAllifl bdlfiri'i*!! Oil] ('"lililr 

til Eif*>f*<^ii - 'I*" fiituui <kf 

v'i'A t44li'«t(<) in iriiTiFAllftif tr<>r<W] 

r^qnl, ■* m Kim1«M of oornimrlNjn* 
K*v ^anf iiLtn, ill lfi<; f'Ti^i^ wtivravt 
thft niE an <lai*h, hii\' iliirt m-i 

■AHi fc* Ai-|«Tmt, »fl<Jr ■i.>nH' ih'Kip*nit 

cTiluur of Hio K*ir nEiiJ L»(i>t i Lul iimaE 
llnliilil* Ui irci|iuail cU»iui^ riir]i4|ii 
ti'j twh n-Htivn AijuM bv •i\n-\'trivi. 
hm thf mvcwIiiTBtioii r* wrJl «nrtli 

wniTJ obinIniH-L. H rmnfii W itf r-Mim 
[prdAlinftl UHQ Ilk tnlcitiinjE iin^rk fi-i nDy 
punirLilnr VFWkiv Tli'-<>r'rLt«lly itin 
ndiilt nnil*) be rif hltfli Lhlfi-^i^ at* In" 
lUi'irlni.' 'idf' fiti>uiife TpJ rfhti'lh H hiH'B r»f 
iriEin lEihtil'Uliiu fr>rii h n^imrUi i^vrtml 
nr nFiliniJiljj *r*['li.-ii] rtftn*!'-. ^lllt^| 
liitvK TifHrviiTir' ilArtE-ntlni^rr-l hy Ehv 
Mitcr |frt-i'i*nT it'll nr nlnr'i-lu'lTrHl nr 
iliiFk e4>ini>tuiilr^iwL triiiivi'luLitn rjuriiib' 
H Inns* -ii.TftVHiriTi i*f ?'*f"ri»lliiii»'," 

•• ■ ATithr^'|iiiT'ii,'ii:iil B<"ic*,' Ji«. 
Ixil4\, p %tk. 1>r ShaiT«i ulpti> ari^i>i 
wUh fuii|fr-.itii [»i'I!ii"i' Mnii [i"i|H'rW 
rruiiLa'>fi' ]lt7n,fk l]"l,ilbiii It tiiu ^''4H 
Hfitirrnl hy «mnM nifiLlrrtl ritn*r'fti IhHl 
|j^urri|>cui» villi li|/}iL Tikir nii'J H'lri-I 
cnfniMniinfUHiilTiilp-* fiYMTi<li-niiMi' tf 
im|i1oit niuEiinui thjm fior^riA wUb 
■IvW IrEiir uri'l Hillow n'rHnpli^iJi-MP ', 
iirirl,«n Ivf «• I Vhni* tJirfp nfiiw^nf T^ 
Ll' jf*xMl iffTiUTjilh Tijr I flit r-'iiinrli.'' '^il 
Thd oth»r JittiH^ Mr IIhIiHl-. .f < 
Lf^ro/* wJiij l^a* liii'l nKitp drrkt k IT[*4 
undiT h'lir* limn Aiiy uOnj riP^n," lij 
ib'> rhntjitji of (hf^ Wrmf Afri'-m ronul 
{W. KuL'Vv "Afmiu. PhvM, Mii.-h; 
T^-il, il, p, YlUX. hold* n Jlrurdj uppu- 




I>r. Sharp? romark*,** UiaI a tropical aun, vhich burn* 
nnd 1rli^tr[» n ikhiFr ^kli^, ilnrn nol inJLin' ii hlo'k rmr al alt; 
anH, Hb hr adrlv, ihu U nnr rlij<> in hflhit in th« icdivi^uaU 
for children onty six or oij-ht ui-^uthf- clJ art oft^D carried 
nlmut Hiikni. hikI iin.- iiol affii-lrd. 1 hnvr lir-rn iU9tirr<l Ijy 
n mtniuiil tiaii, that iiomp ycHni n^n diirmg ouch Kiicnropr, 
but nol diirinj: the ^viEltc^ hi^ hanJ^ botanic marked »tU) 
li^hl broAu jidlcTifH. likr. uhliuu^li lurf^vr Ihuu In-i^klfs^ uud 
thul ih(.'ft<* puTohoi vcrc iK^wr nfr»L-UHl l>y iud- burn tug, i^hilrt 
thr K-hitc part* of hi» *kiD ha^r on several ocouion* been 
mudi inflATrked tiiid blifitered. Wiih the lowt-T animaU Ibore- 
LB. ulftij. a cobvtttutionul ditkrt-nco in liabihly tck (ho nctii>n 
m the ffun U^^rcni thojc pad* ui the fkin clottjed with white 
hair and nthpt [inrtfc** Whflttipr llie Bavmg of The Mn from 
b^^iDp thus burnt It! of BUllioivui imffortanoo to uccouut /or 
\i ikrk Iml hiivui^- Wu ynidiiali^v nrtitilrnt by man Ihmii^h 
naliirul ht-lrclmn, I am unable \c, judgf^ Tf it li^ »o, we 
e]iould have to a^iiniu thai the nativi'u of tri>|]teal AmcriciL 
huve livt?J tJjcK- far a iniitJi nhorirr tlniE.* liinn the n<*^>c« 
11) Afnc'a, nr Ihc Pnpnnna in thp Knitihorn pnrls of the MaUjr 
archipclaiio, jlihI a* the lightcr-eoloured niTidT:>u6 Iia*-c re- 
Bided iu India fur a tjjurlt'r lime tlian thp darktr JtlHirtj^iiuv 
at tht' OL'utnU and iwuthcrn part* of iho [H-mntula. 

Althoiigh vnih onr piv*#rnt knowlcdpe we caonol ac- 
eounl. for the dJITervnt-j-H of eolimr rM ihv rai-e* nt mnn, 
through nny adiantn^^ thiiE ffnincil, rir frem tht^ drrrd adioa 
of climate; yet we inuHt nnt <{kjiti? ignore the latter agency, 
for thi>re U pij'jd rea»fm to believe that iome infieritcd effoct 
Ik thu4 produccri-** 

We have ^eva in llie woond chapter tbat the coodlttona 
of life affei>t the drvolojimonl of llie bodily frame m a dtr«et 
manner, and that Ihe dTertu are irrtnsmitled. Thu*, a* iv 
ifl'iieTiilly iidirtiHi»d, Ihp KiiTfipt^an n-Hlpr*- in th^ l*nitfd 
StatPH iind^riro a slipht hnt exlraordirary rai>id cliacge of 
appearance. Thrir bodion and limhs hpromr pIonifotH; and 
T lirjir tuyjii CrA Hftj]\*, that. dntin>r thp late war in the 
United Slat^, good evidence wat afforded of Ihip fact by 





Ta« Jm ruurt ^lli»Lini{l|r*.' Oi-E. I'). 
ICU^ ivTMi rin til" cflc*-^ aJ rfp^iHlrnnTP 
In Ahr«aiiiU fciif] Aril-i4, fml mli^r 
«(ii1'V»M a/m, t)r &j1I» C< I>m- 

] «aa, «. ft 1 *tAU^ tm Uif- ulhurity pf 

iit-Ttnint fMMiliv* tpiilM tn Gturttit. 
lijkif iM'i^illJrMl ill lh(i ''i4>iJlM< 'iS tvn 

Tl F'lrW lnf<Tin" irn* ihn »li» ynl- 
c\\i'w in ttif? Ami*'* trpotty la 


ru^ VTI. 



IP riiliciilouK nppcAniuf'r pti^t^nitci bv the German r^gt- 

liiKntf, vhen divg»t>d id rcari> -inudt^ <7fclb^^ luantifmlii^ 

\vi fill; Ann'ridui tnnrXi'U HJid hIitiIj nrri' niiirfi |iir> Inn^ 

for Ibe i»t"ii in i-trn «tv. Thi-w t*. *!«>, u coimi'krat^* b iHj 

' evidence fhrwifi): i}mt in the ^oullicrn StaUa Ihc lioitai-' 

iv^ of ihe tLinI ji'^iiefalirjii priw^iit a niJirki<i1]y diffpn^nl 

appfHtrancc from tlw fiel<l-i(Uvi?«," 

If, ItrtirrT^r, ir«- look to ihc meet of man m iliBtrilmfed 
OTirr ihe AAirM. wi.' mutt iitfer Ihal tlieir L^lmnichTirlit- iTif- 
EJ^rcncefc cdnuot bi> ui^ci.mitltd for by ihi* dircc't. Action of 
diffpreni omiidoa* of life, rvrn •fttr cipiwure to Iheai foi 
nn ftinnfuwja period of iim**. The l*Uf|UtiDaiiT Mvt esoluiive* 
ijr OD aniniai food; Ihov art lUiUKd in thuk fiir ami ore 
C3tpoc»ed to intrnAp cold unci to proloncc*:! do^kn1:»^; >€t th^)' 
not itilfrr ID dny f*ttnnno dpgr(>? from X}\f^ intiabilanle <^f 
>uthorD Chins, wUu livu entirely ^n vt'^c^tablt food, and 
jue exiXk^ed dmtnl lukrd to a hot, k^iHiik dimah-. Tlic 
^iitw'lotni*d Fii^;ria:iii livr fiti thp msrinr pmdiiotiftn= of thpir 
iJnhonpitnhJc (horn; thi? Bri|ocud<M of Brazil nuiidi^r about 
Xhv h'tl fonvtfl uf |]io iiiltTJor nnd li\r rliirflr an ^v^vinh]t! 

!irodtkc1ton«; yet thi^-w tritrt* r'sc^ml*!* i-urli i>nKtr *o closclj 
hflt the Fucgianf on Wrd the " BprtjrK* '" ucrv miftakf-n 
by Mom^ nrH:(i1iaiH fnr HotitnidriK The B^tim-iido^ fi^ain, 
w wel] iij tht- f»lhor miubifantu of tropii-iil AmLn'uai, uro 
vbolly different fp>ro tIjc Ni^erof* vlio inhabit the <inpo»ilc 
ihom of the Allanllr. an- oipiHt'd t^i a nearly aimilar di- 
mub-Aitd fallow Dcnrly thi> t^nw habitti of Iif4*. 

Hor can the difffrcncc* Iw^toTcn the nwt^ of man he 
innted for hy llio inhiTilM clfpeifi of thp inortMWpd nr 
lccr«ucd lUc of'nttrtf*. eictpt loa ^viite ioeitfnd'KanT dogr*e, 
Wpn uho hiihiliiiilly \\%v ill <7iiioi-s. iijjiy hnw thrir h"^ ritrme- 
v\ait stiintH: thri^ v.^hrt Inha^ii Infiy n'^riwi* niwy haw 
thtir chrwlfl i?nUrjp."d: jiiid IJjo^t' *ho C'n^rantly u^c /^^rtain 
»in]W'or^'nn> mny Im^r (lir iHiitin in vhicJi the>' art' lodi;itl 
imewhftt mrr^awd in tixp, utid tbrir frtturwa ronse-pH^ctly 
litllf ino(liCi.'d. Wdh rniliMd notions, tho porh^rd "i^ 
ff Ihr JM»K Troni b'jwiuvl iim-— Ihi* habitual play of diffrr- 
Vnt miiixrlM wrving to mprwai rlifTrrenl ^nkolionj:--fi[i^ i}|c 
ini-rra«>Ml 4i» of the brain from givatcr irlrDcotual nrtiiity, 
have logflUwr |inidnriMl a uiu^iil^'rahle f^rci on Ihrir gyti- 
i\ mppnnnci^ whnn compar«l wilh bux^*^.'' locr^asH 



?Ata I 

Urilily EitAtiirf. witliout any c'*rre?^|ntoJiu;' ificr««^e in Ihc 
Mit* nf Ihp limin, may (jii<l^'iii;; fnm r'li' jiri'vimiKly ii'liiir^rH 
CMC of niM>il*^J. Jiiivo ^jvrn t" wmo mtcft an wlonoiti^fJ ^M 
of t1u< 4)Tjltt-(|iH^T.'f^liHlk' Tvjie. 

IjwUj^ tilt hilk-uiwUTilood pri]icl]>k ^f ourrc^lalw! Jc^ 
velopiucnt Jie* wnirtimo* comn inli> action, ii*j in Ihc cimc 

ffupm orbital ridfji'i^ 'i'Uv «»loiir of iLe ilcin and hair an* 
[Jninly convlaTi^d. n* U tht* tcJtttJrr of thr huir wUh it* 
i"iTlnur iTi 111*' M^irulaTU^ of Nurtli Ani*ric»." Tlir ciiloni nW 
of ihL' tkin, Btid thtr wlour viuiiicd bv it, ar« lik^vUc in 
soiiiir maiiD«-r vtmrc^tix!. Willi Uic fjrcp<i:» of *liivj> tJic 
miitiVr of liairh within 3 givim tpai^i' rtru! llip niimbi^r ni 
Llic*'r!(<Ti't'^n' |torcr uri' rolflt»<l>'' H we ro*y ju'ltfi- fnim 
the annlogy '>f onr <[oniw*irnti?*l jiniTnalri, nrnny uioflifiiMtiortF 
of Atnictiiro in man prdbnbly ooni^ iimlcr thin prinrtpio of 
cori^iated ticTclopiiitui. 

W* \ifiVO now fl^etj thai th* (Ht^mal fharndpriiilic* iTSf- 
!eTtncri bc(tt-f('n lli* rarup of ninn tannot Ik* accounted for 
In A KHliKfjU'tnr^' mnmii-r liy Ihr dirrTl mtiim of tin- i-iimli- 
Uorw ff life, n<>r J>y th*^ ofToati of llic c^nlinur^l um of pHTtit, 
nor TlLivtu^h ihi? i>nut-iplt at 10 1 Mat] on. Wt- nru therefore 
It'll l<> ('nqiiir^' ithrlhiT ti|i]{hl tn^lirwlnal ililTi-r^nL-c-*, t*i whkh 
niflTi I* rminrntly IinMo, Tnay T>«i hnvi> hci-n pr*?MrTod anij 
Auprtciilci] (luring a loug serie; of ^L-nurallons ihrutiKh nntu- 
ral *Hi'dhm. i'nl h-vv v.-v an' nt mttyi* in**t liy th** nhjoirtmn 
Umt tH>nufiGia] vnrintioni: jilrnc cnn he tha^ prc-H^iTveil; and 
&s far a« nc an< eaikhleit Ui jui^lj^o. ulthou^-li alwjtyn \\iMc 
to err on lhi« hen*!, none of th<.' ■ItlTtTenrt-* Iwtwccti the raovA 
of man arc nf nm ilirrrt ^r fprrinl fa^mcc lo him. The in- 
tclln'tiinl mill nifirii] or tm-irtl fiin(lti«-h inunt fif [MUtw Im* 
tteppl**d from (his rcmuik. Tiie jjiviil. ^Hriuhilify of nil 
fho oiternAl <liirL*n'r»ri'?< between the nice!* of man, likcwiM 

iriihnilr* Ihut (liry i-amn'l ht* nf iinich iniponwi : Utv if 

imfwktlnnl, iHfy woul:l Ion;: ftj^-n hnvi' hcn?Ti cither liv^-'l jitiH 
pr*>afrvcih or diminatcd. In thiB respect mnn rc^enihlt^ 
Ihojw farm*, eal1«Hl liy naturftlbU protean or |H>lymorphio, 


■ Mr rmiWn .uin fK- Ain«rif«n 
rltil ifi llip *)ii>(o Ijibfl at lh< Hiin' 
rJio ifipiiilirr*. i<f nil lUffm qihi tiolli 

i* ■» wfint mid tiBiiii w tbH t^Ta 

tftf"iir« ii Sirtr^ irt»] uifl, 

•■ Uri *],*■ 4Liii.ur ■jr^fti'^liiikli-Hlriifi, 

f^Tiv 111 l^c tlttn, |»r vT^j^lriife, r Hrti 

Cii«r. VtL 

CTtti^irrvHR or tiir wuin. 


wbich hairc nrmarDrd cjrti^rncly tarinhk, oirinjEr, u it »^(*tiw, 
tfi uti.-TL veriaiionn liein^ uf an fiiililTrTyrkl riHtiiro. niii) U^ 
their hutuiff rhitf cticApecl lite Kotii^n of naruml ^'li-cUoii. 

We hnxx ihu^ Ur been Imfllrd in nlJ our Allcinpl* Ut nc^ 
€OUlll for ^h*^ diffrrpfici^fi beTwopii xhfy mres i)f mnii; liitt 
lfa«e remAiw ont iin|Joniuit iL^^ont-y, aanit'ly Sexual SHec- 
tiitii, whirh Appi«i7 tn hji\r ft4:(vit |Kivt.-rfull> nti tiinn, fim 
rn mnny olbiT animnlp. I dn nrt int>*[»fi tn n-^rri th«l m'x- 
ttal (vfloction will a<.'ct>unl f^r all thtr rliiri?ri.Mkcc^ k^hv4?i^n 
t))t^ TAcn, An unrxpbiimnl U'liduuiit ia k-ft. abjul wlmlt 
■ft'^ <»n only «iy, in our i^omnt-r. tlmt a* ijiili^i'luick twv 
continunlly b'>m vjth, for inetancc, ticodf a litflc rouncUr 
ur iinrruttifr, ttw] viiih iio*i-fc n liUh* luiif^n ur sliorltr, sulIi 
lUight ilifftinnc^K uiitfbt bootjnic BikU ftiid uniforiv. if Ihi.' 
unkaovn agencies vhich inrinccd Ihfm wen? to lurl in d 
tiwre t^onstaiil nmiiner akW 1iy Itjft^'Mxmlirueil inlt^rcrnrit- 
inj;, Such tariatiuitf n^jit^ tiiLilvr tliu |tr>viiJuiMl t'kiiu<, ix\- 
UifTcit to in our wcnnc! chapiter, which for thp irant r>r n 
l*(|pr term ore oft«*n r«llod fijiftiitiinpmift. Nor do I pri^fniJ 
that the effi^ttH (tt b<xuiU K4oL-ti*>n riia tie imiit-atoj wjili bl*i- 
ctitillc prcciHon; bul it cnii br fthrwn thnt it houI*! W oti 
ln«ip1icoMe fuel if mAti harl nol lieon moitifli^l i>y Ibi* 
ji^nty, which ap[if^nr» to hniv at^tpd powerfully uii innumcr 
jiMc oi)iriol»i. Il <«n furihrr I"' 'hean that ilif OiiTcn-ncct 
Iwlft'wn IhtJ mcM of inan» ax in colour^ hairinovt. furm of 
frnturc*. Ac., arc of a kincl which inicht haTr been ^iijicrtwl 
to ^om« nniior the inlluenof of st^kiial fi«1ectton. But in 
oriJcr to trcut Ibii Mit>j<^r1 |>ropi*rly, I have fnund it iiccc»« 
wry to \'Af* th^ wliole aiiiiim) kinl^3unJ id icviov, I hiTc 
theroftin- <i*To[*<l to it ihe Sii.i>r<] Part of ibU uofk. At 
tlj<^ cltiac- I «hall return to mnn. and, Att<T uttf^inptLn^ to 
fihfw how far h* has l^H^n rmirtiflotl Ihrnaieh *p\ml m-Wv- 
tion, will give a brief Bummary of the chapters in thia E^ret 

K«TC OK m ftjHBRnuivau jltttt Drrrtancow i» rav SrartTt^nit 

■n"r> in ifir tiruclurv '-f lS? br^Ti In man diiiil Ihr ipv. which urn^c 
f^mp Elftr^i t«m (itr*K hik> iiol in fTinn |i> nij rmrL thoiii^lt rh^ !>i>h]i-rt 

ihAt ntmnit. ^n ilio Ahviv* nf Mich ^i»»|»lrhc<»ii ktrnriEim m tli.» ihh^ 
iMinrlubcvol Uiennbral lirmibpbvmv »tTh lb- jinMcHor oumu ivf th< 


Pavc t 



whjch OTF to vh^ KiM* 111 mHn. 

Kill l^A iniFh llmT ilw> ilin« ttnif?|QT« ln^u*MLoTi fti^Aii nvlV 4«v( 
opHi in Aptv' a^ 111 hfirrhMii Itrnirit^ or «i"ii Mlrr: nml ibM il i« f^hAniN-i 

|iHrt> Willi <irvi-lir]inl.>iiiiti)> oC |iil«h<iiI on v H^^'uri' ■ ^iwt>kf JUffrci 
«[ion in o:irnp*iniTiT»i *iiii(rirnj. -Vnfrifvnr. il U mlmitlctl by ercrjr on^ 
of the long Tcrm nf itnnl'imi^r-t ■h'^. <>( IaIa jrfin. haT^ ji*1d ^prfji 
fcllwitjon to (hoflmrigeiii«i]l of Ihc pnoifliMlini ml<T tind ([71-1 vrtut^lij 
ftt>pMtf Tipnii thp 4iirfivp i\t Ibf ivnibfAl hnmtipli^rv- in nrian and tli#1 
hVl^f^ •p*N thnt lli<*j' Btfi i1inii»iT"(1 *ri-'r l|)r vprj «mr paii^TTi rn hifri,, 
fti 111 HiDOi, Every piiiici(iiil ajiMo iliiJ mi3i^U!1 uf « (li^ii)|ii(iurp':« bmin 
bcJoArlir r<|irTMDWd in llukb of a nmii. tv IIiaI rli*? Icrmiuoloio' ntuch 
Apphw I0 IHl* on4 anMtorv for (^r »th(T On thir p-tint there if rtu ilit-< 
leronea of L^f^||1oa. S«m« tpirt fii^cc. frcffiuor tJu^oholT [iLjIiJinbrd t^i 
mitnioif ^ on tho ecrobrAT oonvoluTli^niii of fn«n jtml rjhmi ; mid u thtti 
juiTpA* i>f m* Inarnt^fl fiilli-iL^iiA wha iifrlmiily mit lo<}tminuh theiMcia* 
of iV' difflerrints bffMwri iip» arid nwr m thi* rupcvt, I am |rl«rl in 
iiknkp (I utnlitJiE fn^ni liLiii- 

"Tluil rhn np4«v nnil «ipo(iihtlt TheonncH oEii mpuiarQ utd ^oHl^ft, 
c«ino vrrj flow tc< mau in thefr crxtuiiwlion. much iitnreT lh*n Ia ativ 
fllhor antiDfi], U & v^vH knovn fact, tljupuiol bj' nnlxidy, I.ocdiinff Rt 
thv mHlt4>r tn^ai r h« |jriinl f>f tin a of oruKnibhlmn ulnriOi, nn one pmba- 
bty mudil nrr hAVfi ih^piitf^l rhr vi^w nf Linnn^my that man ihoiUd ba 
p]iH4ic). mi<rety hi « imillAr 'ptcirs. ol ibo tii^iul uf Lhir iiijtTTimriiiii mtd 
c»f IhriM- n\ir^ Wfrth »hp*. in all OiWr (irifiU", ni> d<"W mi wflliiilv, llcnt 
Ibt CDi^t MiK't iinaLomkal iriTntJi^licpn ifi (ico^df*! iti ord^r lo •IcruErn* 
klniLfl iIj^loo Jiffcfvni-M wdith rcaUj eiiou So il i» wUh tJio bn^i^L 
'['l;ii bmiEi- uf nmn. t1ti> »raikg,tha ('hiin]mfi>«i\ 1I10 uDriilii, in ipildof all 
Ih* irrporlfthf ^^lfl^^lTnPW whir^h Ihry jimrt*jiT, ynmo ypfj t*l*» to onv 
ftnothcr" iJ, tr. p. 101), 

Th^i^ rvrniiiTi)>, Ih^n, 110 ill»frii1c am in llm rPrwrntilAniw in fiimlii' 
nifintAl ('hnrii-^^i^r^ lirlKriTii thn HitV I'lviii unci maii'b ; nor nn^ m La 
ibc »nnil*TfHl]> d'jw Birnilftrily Wwirn *hf rMiupanr^pr. cfMit Ami 
DlEtri. ill rvon \}i" cMjiih *>f t^^' ifcfriili>.-oin(-Hl of lb.i t;yri iLiid milni *'l \\yti 
o<r&br«l bflmirpbcrw, Nr^r. riirninjc t" 'hi' difltHtun''** Ix^lwetm U« 
brftltiAflf lh*i hlghadl bpcf fttid Ihul <if iriAi-i. Kflirfv anj'tcnouiqDHtiou. 
At t« th0 liAtur« ikml i>i[.f<nl c<! [hftj* diffDrriiPft. U l» Ailmlir*<l tbAC 
Ihit miinVrrri^brfL] brnit«plii-mnnthbi^iliit'Iy»[iij irluthvlylkfiiFT Uiaa 
t^iriw nf ibfl nrariL^ nml thiniiAnTW i Thai bii rrfiiital lobes arol«»rXtf^ 
fnUtl hy ilir i)|r4BiiT [<n»lni<jiiri of the roof of ihr orbdit; Ibftt hiA |pH 
iind iiiH ntt\ a* n 'ul^, le^ ■ymmrririfuJty di»^>H^d, nnii prtv«nt %>] 
p«ler n«mbpr nf preondnrv pItrAli'm*- An<i 11 14 adtin^rnl that, bm ft 
Tule, lirniMi.thi^ tomprtrooceipirnl nr "Pilemal perpi-nrtinilar " flmira, 
vhirh i* EHintily it< tir-^nj^lr ninrlrpd n fMihtTw 'd iIik hiih^* tirjiiTi in Iml 
fninilf nmrif (Mi Rnl if in uli^ rli^nr, IhM none of ttifwdtfTeivhr'eflixrneli' 
hiUw A ^jLTji doinnrcntloh U^tirepn If iv nmnV mid llm ajres brain. Jn 
n»]»t:l tn Ibi' iitoinal tK-rt»ml»iiUr flwnn* of CiralblH, in Ibf* humnn 
brain for in»tjii><^, Prrfr-jwir Turnrr mtintknt^' 

■In foojc Hmms il nppfim -iimply n> Fin md<*nl-aiion of rh*^ margin 

>t lb« btmi^pli'^ro. but. in off*er<. if cirondpi f^r u>ii:* di*fnn**' mora or 

IkM innirTorHl^oiilvHnK I <uw IT in the rlfbt l]rinLHp1]erT<id> ffirinltt 

'lirmin ptM more lb ah Iv" inr'ho 'mivju-iln ', Am! nii Aiiiilhrr i^iiccinieCL. 

■!« the< rij;bl heiniBphore. it pro«tide<l Fnt rouj-lcnLh" nt ah imb nitt- 

UlnD^hvii i^ ' A^l>aa'1liinurrn iLm |£, 
1iaj«»baj] Ahadtmi*,' Hd. 1. iKfiS. 

***€trniolDtiloD>of tbo llcininnf.^nl^- 
bniai T««wnpbi<^lT C'cvidendi' 

eiur. VII. 



ntiTxi r iluihi'iiiti|ih4.'r*. Thp imp^rffra ili4liiiriiiniif inn fli«im> 

in T'. .of Imrniri timiri.'^, jlh ■ifrn|4iu1 DlilU Ef* n^iimriiiUik lU*- 

r, vr(rrl«iii anpcrAcMl. <n^l ni«rkr<J. Hovndhry tcniroJuti^ii* 
idtfi? It f'ttr ftiid eM>nn«4 itv p^rkiUl vIiIl the oc^rl^iii*! itfht, 
tliodonr Uwttr-4or tbwbfidjrniCirfTi l>f«1i>lliw rititK^uiaiiinl AMnr«, 
Ih* ifhorUf li ILp fiCvniHl |«rL*lo wifkiuT llv^nn-' {L. i\ |i. 1V1. 

Tli« rthfil^rktlorj of iht oitorn^J jerifnillculnr ilMiiirv oT OmiiolH. 
I hxvforv. U Qui ■ iVL-'Liutl charwitvr i^f xw buniiiii Ijcaiil, On iliu irihrr 
lian*!. jl« tullJcfdopniont i* noi^tntittaiil thnnniKtri'i thf hifWrn^w'^ 
tirfti& fur. in th« cFiiiDf*nw<v the nkk>rc or 1»9 nWrk^io obhlcrfttinii 
nf Ihocit^rnal p«rp>culL>'uUr fiulr<4* bf " briil|f iri|; Lu(ivofultLi|i!»H"»iJ '-»!<' 
*kiiaortbf «4tiir. hu bctn iinl«il <tr*r uiJ or«« i^m liv IVif. K<>L]mI<ji), 
Mr AUnhUr M, Hr<>rA uul KrofHuor Tiknii^r. At (Iif ivjuHiL^Jori uf ■ 

"The throt iimawnviis >it Ilio Liniii ai n > lk)Jtipa(i£r>P jiip>E JmTitjiiJ, 
pTDTc, thfti lh« ipncfbltMliuii tvhiL-ltOmliolel has all«in|j[«i to <1fuv 4>f 
ihv UL>iiip[H* •nfflin of Ihii Am, rt'iiui^fQff pour^Julion aiiU Lbc iixi 
m)iD«iil of th»8M«nd, tiFoiinpuTtoJl5 ^thBniu>t«rlHrir fualuru- tu (h<t hm^n 
ot tbH MlnW, It bf noiTioiLnt J^lrer<Ml]}raplllio■l■f1^ In^'nEif miK 41mi1- 
nitxi did lh« bMtn, In tliaw rjartli^Lilnn^ fmlnff Ihe U« *liU<h irnLiluJi'C 

Ulidn. I wn liKiiiKil t4> (Ixink Inal It bas dbUvl ifi ihjv h(■lni"|^!l^r^^ al 
ImiC, in ft naiijorilr uflhc Imiiis uf thU tntinal nbioh h^vc. up to thit 
tin*, b««n flgHfipif or df«vriM- Th« m«rnf ihI |Kdiluri ol rlio w-twnd 
bfuitfintV ^oiiTol ulion i« cvtderjtl^ lioM inaiwn^ Aiid htt» um vW, I Ittt- 
lUtvi-. oalj hi^n i*eTi m the fimin |A i rrooril'^rl In Thr* iviiimimki'tUEinK 
Tbr> ^}iNtArIn(M] HFTAJiji^miiiil iii ihv i^tJEivnluliitn* iit thi' L4ii IhmiiI- 
>4>h«R!-^ viLkti [*n*iHfi]» oLscncrs Imiv rvfprrttU t't m tfavir<lfffun(iliortfi, 
;> kU> *i'll i!lEirtr»iti m these iipoi:tintii» " f}ip, M^ Ui, 

Vlrvti wnm lEm |.ir^i*uMi) uf t'l^i |EUii|>r»r<-i-iK]cipiI]i(, arc^tvnwJ l^rpciv 
dicuUr. *uk«u«. n murk uf 'ti«Iii>rtt/kn M wi-^fi tlic ftigliir a[k«» utkI num. 
th* **|Deof sOfh ■ <K<rinL*tlvo di^inu'lvr woulil bv ruiuli'i-cil mrv ilttuM- 
ful I15 ihi' Mninmnr rif Uif\ liraln Ln Ehw HlatfTlLiiu- npi-* Tr fju'l, vbilv 
thv l«m|ioru>w.-i'||j|lsL buut* i>r tJJH fikhI iiuiisUiiit of 5o]ri &» lh» rMd- 
rb'ne^r i>]d Warlt). apT?« It u ueavr icrr itriHwIv i]fM-|i»|fnJ in 1I10 
Krv world iwuL it it Alriont In lh« imifilirr njiUi^iiiii . nuliiicntary 
m A/lvia ;^unri inum 4jr Iva^ obliUr^t^ ty bridging oourotulkunj in 

A chitrafl^rvhti!^ ki ihu« fRriAbbr vjlbin th* bmlfvor a Hknjflv [Cr-oup 
cui 1]Hi« it4> j^riHl lAiiiriiiriLh' vntim 

K n further mUilAiBLcd. Iljut the J^rw of A^Y'i^i^i'lry at tin* i^>jivi> 
lutioiiof Ihf Iwa ti'\pi in the huitmn brsm f* Biitiji%'r. Ui muc'li iridiTiiJiml 
vnfiatlen; uid thftt. In tfn^ui imlividiinlB of tbr Bunhmaii iM^o who have 
b«*h vncninallbo^n >iid huIcl of iho two hfmLi| hermit Are t^iifiULvr' 
«bU ln« eofliplJaftMl lUid Enonnrmrfif^irLdnl thmi nOtx' Kiiroiwin hrain. 
ivIrlliblDMkdir EiiilividiiAJMor tiii-rh|iripHiir:<v. ihnr i'ciiri|iii^ilr vnriri niTm- 
niTtrr ljniirv>' riffialili^ Thi» ^>( uinloijUr^y ihr r«tf in tlh> hmln itf it 
T^untf OHilf chiiQpanirv fiKUrvU ti> M. Hdx-ik 4' L'unlrt' iJi<h Priiiial<%' 

p. 1«S. a|^ 11.) 

AuifliM nofitou th* queriiofi of «b»»1ulo ub&h it it ctln^:i\i»\n-d llut 
ih^diffi^fmwbftvMTi tli*1tfgHt atiti Iha smjitlaiil httuJl^r tiiiirmrttrida 

AN,?'* ft,/,tT tifeptvialij on ihv *• Hu^i-t 'On thn AoaioiaT jf /V- 
FfFkO ' lull* iTi Uirt Rr«m nf EA'f-^a lfjidfjf'Au«;'|''k>i>pr*lkn^Qf ' 

t<i« ' t'nJL^«villDkrB of liiD ZuirJoukiil i^uciviy,* leov. 

«e7»i -.-' J .. liiiubtti^b; tew *. 




Part I. 

ajiJ Che litritcfll i'hk(iip»nipf<'j oronuiic'r brmin. 

MorfovtT, Ihittif u onf* (iiR-umvUtLoo ii^ whjVb thv or*aJr^■ bud chira- 
pumrriiV lirairi« ivtttnitilf riua«. hut in whitrh tltoy diilot From tho lonr 
pfM, And That ti iho ]>rcu<[L» qI two coqjara caD<ltf^nllit — (b« C'yii»^ 
r«dr7'A'& bnvln^ bitl nni>. 

Til liutt ur llmv Iiaclff 1 ilv uuL ImllaU' iu this jrtr tt4T4. Co ftopCttC 

"80 fit 4H i^L-ri'Unil I'lruciurc f:(jci,llmrrr'n.'. it if cIvAr ibiC idbii dif' 
f».rK liw fmm i.hi- iiIilih^lmiiju-^ cr Thi^ ('fVffi ihiut llii?>>i< J'>*if n from ihc 
CDi>nk6rf, finil that Ifir ihflrrwri'v brlwn'Ti rh« traiD ol Ihv chinipiLnEiNj 
and of TiiAli H alraLitt insLgiiiIl<*ni vUun t-ompfcrftl vHh tiut l*i*»*ri 
LliL' L'bLriipHriM*' bnun Jttid ttial «jI h liMrriur," 

Iu ttiQ ijaptrrtu Mrbii'Jj t huir? irfi'Tri-'d, TiofpsHir BtH:}LGfT Aum aul 
di:[itrtt^ MCOnd p&rt r<f thii ^Lnlirtiif iiU tiut ho tini mftka Llio Lrrrilrruil 
rainnrk Ihnl lI lk nut wondvrfLil rf thri lirmti;' tt aei iirni;j; mni • Itrnnir 
•rw vory difltmrjC : mjhI rt^nirntly, ^^^ly uii (o jirwtrl lliHf. " If wt i ikvo«- 
vivi^ly vumpHrvltio tiTHJiidf Hm^kn Kilh tbuLof ationng; Lhc bminof l'i;i 
Hittk i|][4t «>f AdiimpflnzM^ ; i^f titin »iih thuteif « tpknllKj^ml 141 ^^u utA 

Ci.^i^thri-1^ fjriTutt, Slt*n.-fiA. //iijAi/f, wi; ^hnll not iiii."*'t wilIi a t;n4UTr. 
or GiDTi m* <rp*t II. bri>ikk iik ihv ^Ivk'^ *'i di.«cti'|>ii>i.ut 4>r Ul« ctmiLtLu- 
lir>lts 4* Wr llltll balwtul; ihu bruitt l)l tk tllUll Hfld LikUl of Wl iTHllfC vr 

Tit which I rr^Ay. Ttr^i\y, that mh^Tlinr iMt nuprllon be iru<*cir fabw. 
II Tijt» i;i]ihlng vhnii'VAf ro du uith i^h' |>rir|HPiiHlori«iiiiTiH«Uil hi 'MarrM 

UoM aloiir. but lo ihv siructurc of iht- ftUW biajii. If rMvAH>r 
filwliiiff biut icinu U)v l^jubLu li> rvlcc b^ p. IM uf iht wtTh Ijc 
c^riticiHf^ in fnct; bo vould luvo found the folkwinj^ fMuncv ; " Ami it 
li d n*Hiiirknhl4i oirvumALanufl that thouyb. wi far am oar |>n'MU[ Lnovl' 
>dirn itroddf. ihcro *« <-Tio truQ (trnctiiniJ bn>al; id tbu vfrii^w >if funnn of 
J^lmifLn bniln*, %hU btahm diH't ftol ho halvAi^n mnn and Ibr nianllk« 
a^icii, biii TH'twwn ibf* k^wr^r ftud Tbi* b>«i*4l SiiniMHH, nr in -iihinr 4<-irIjs 
birtirfrn Ibc l>M am] Sfw WuiU iipL<4 bii<] nionki^yi niii] i\w Lcmunk 
Kvrfv Li^iijui wbidi ha* (i-t lnvn iijtiiLLiicij^ in fjurU bite il* orrrlirlEum 
[ipinlally v^JxiMr frrvn niKivr i ami rl* pui^f rinr IoIki, witb llu^ i^niLftbwJ 
iiLiKU<fior «<imu and hippuuippiu iDinor. mnrr or l<x nvlinipnUbrj, 

4n'rvl»*<Hririi i-ntitvly hidd 
-««* n Inrai' fHWlrriiV ■ 

Ifkn a|*H nn tfin iVitilrary. ha* ifjin'rvlw-Hrini mtitvly h£dd.»n, poitorirfiriT, 
by lln' <MTi-liril |iily»v iind |kiwi-««* n lnr|p.« p.rtlrriiV Ci>n^XJ with a Wfll- 

Tbi* »EhU'iim'iiI Hiu> a >trji:lly arviini(« aci'ourd of nhat "a^ known 
■Imn if wHf nj>vl" ; nn<] it i)pw not apfwar to mr l'^ Ih« in"n- ihikn up- 

SMPpnlly Vfa1ccnc<l by ihp lubivqijent d1W>7F^ry r>f lJi« rrlativHy Hinrdl 
lotfpkipnn^nl of thv (lOkdirior 1oI»b tn ihi^ SiamAn^ and in ihc Jfowliikjc 
moiikttt, Ntir.vi1h«4tiiiidinKrhii i*itrvp(ionji[ 1in>tlty(d 1h^ jnHUfriar UiIh* 
in (Ijhw larni d|iH-iri?. (10 uiic will prrltnd (bat Ibri'r Lmhi^ in Hit- hliirht- 
mI d^errt. aimnnh-b [lusw uf tin- Ji'iimra. And If. inatMd nf puttitiR 
Ilafvli ou[ i\r itj> naloml filiHv-, a* E*ri»f(HUt Biih^hoff uioft uniwrounl- 
abi^ ibviu^ DM writ^ th« nrin if aniJaaln b^ ha* iiii»*itii tn mmilLim a* 
fajfrn*!: //or40. A/A*™«, IW/^dv'"" Hn^ohnleM. Stmnr^thti'i*^ (yn«' 
iVpAotai^ l>rH^/Afriuk ifiU^ri'Uf, iVAu, f'iJ/irAr^j, Uapalt. /pnur, 
Nf^v/ftf. I Vfinliim f^i rrafltmi llmt thu j^nal brrak hi ifiih M^rk* liw 
bc-Ewirvn ItitfxW' mill ^mur. and ibkl lbi^ break in ccmsidrnibly un-itEvr 
tbanthat bclHccEi anyotbcr (wo term* I'f thai icrln. rnifouor Biscboff 

Cu^f. VII 



i|0urM tJw brt that Um^ \witit* bv wruU, ^JmlkilH bml Hi|ae«»int Uw 
Kpanlinn c€ tht l^murr frvoi the otlief Jv»nai(4 «k tUc tx-ry ^uoil 
bf lb* iLiffcrvM* ift lhdrc«rvlifKj<h4awtat*; ttfl thfti l'r«iruta»>'J»wi<r 
h^ ihmIb Um lubovLu ulaenaUMiii m Uw Hiunw of thin dvvrript'tiu uf 
Itw liisin v! lb* JAtmi l^iri* - ™ 

"AihI It b HpnriAllT njinarkablfl LhU. In Uin lUv^lopntfliit of ltii> 

IvptMcnl bruti. ui iJujm- uicrjlirjii wbkli arc iiommanlT^ sitjit^anl t4 
«|iproa«h llku ttAiJf in Ulwt rt«|«GU. ill. ibc lower (uffubrri of l(i« 
niUTHUlM fflwFL" 

twfMtn^ iba anftnfp tit IhrmlulE hmin ii a>(ic>pnin], ihpn. Ibov^r^ 

AnntUmNK uliliiLuTiH |ji iiur hnihAvlnJ^r, vhich hciva hwn mmlo Iry lfi« 

iwvFrlm iY »< Eiujiy iainii|-4UjJv <IliHtj|; llm itMAl icri ymnt. fuHr 

i.iilI «Lii|i I luiuU III im}. Uut IL tiAsliTTij Muil. Lhai. 

I'l'ti-T Wivivn \hv blult hrniinuf rriAii ami up--*, liiry 

■ - --- I" r»«JilT. *iJ<iIv4Uff<'r.'ot,U<»u«i Ihirr fxliiMi luridrt- 

[it- :ifi. 'lilTiift'iUfT" in *hii imHlv (,J flirif iji>vi-|r.jLiTtmr Vn otH' w*fIjIiI f^f 
lEiHiT' Fi'^ilj Lliin I I" mTiU4L ihr r«jnv ^iT im> ar^imcni, hf lurh fanda- 
mmUl tliJ1i*r>iioH of <kvHi4ij]ii<ii[ n>4iJ> piiu- l^tiE I Ji-iiy Ui»r ltii>/ 
du Mkb^ tin till' i^nlivt. tUrtv it a tui}ilma^auA '^Tvnivni hi Uie 
dewlopo^nl at Uir btsin in unit ami &(■<% 

Ofmlkilrt oriBitulfii the >utL-ri<(rJ Itmt ItidTV i» a fundjiiiiciiiAl dit- 
f«r<ini^ (n th« dAVa|ii|iirii-»i 4*! tli» bi'4.ii>« nf A|tn* ami Cliht rjf iiuui— 
K4ii1tliiig in Ihi*: tli«i. in i\w npp^ tlir fLiki^Kttti fir^r mulfr th<-ir 
>p«r»num W tUtiaidl en tlw pcaiLTlor rvf[1i~in of ihu cvrrltra] hcnil- 
>|wm, tolilk'n lu lb» lininiui fqrfiiis Tlif nitlt^i Aii^l li*4H>i[ir* vihlljirini tIJB 
tnMil«l Inbn.** 

Tlib r*nrjal lUEcHitnt b bailed ufHjn two oL^rvulioriB, tht tnc «f a 

iWrdof^d." «Jiilc III"** *•( Hi* frftitnl Liilw v^r* " hnriijT ifi*lw.'»il'»'l ' " 
|1, C- (X V), ancl Ifi^ rilhi^r rif & hiLiTtikn ftrtii* aI r fji* 'i^nit or '^fnl u'^k cif 
nUnicn<tnU'>n. in wlili'U <>ruliiijrl uulafi llmt iLr iiiHuln wo* unr-ur«ii*(l, 
tmL tfto; ijwfrrl liuttK ~dcB iiH^i*utF*^ r^tiiciLt dc lobv juiL^rivur. iin« htjb- 
»HfT H"" iT'^fc'MJy iiidi'inc 1a »^i4rBtioii du loW ccc I |i Itftl. irf'^-Ti'd uii, 
A'Aalkciri Oo* fvfti- rjw-iut'. 1^ nviv dc U tutfue t^>^imlf]«!*1 cncoro 

^«!L<(J ' till. » 1*^1 

fi- iil> anl^'rirura hi i1g«iIi»^ii>«iiI |<Ili> 

[fti^tnLi' P4f|ll'«J1t:l ft]rJLi»CEILUlU il\*- 
f r*ihU« tfhi« U fniiu, I.'Il'iEziiJkU j'r^' 

b ". '.-.1 * ^1'. r»r.[«"-itii-'li J" vli» C"-'U' 

r. hi^^vtiKM H9t\*n' du 

J-.i' I'.. I iiUTiuef >nul<'ij.<-Dt par 

trti^ '< J -^11 •<tit^il Ill Ir^ iiii^nic^ 

y*' ^i>' limiN l»^ iJuum." <lriLlJu|<l, 
' tliifvilT "IP W r-lip .ilrtli-ii*,' d* 

t'ElnHfinH ft itih FrinnUtui. ^h -.j, TbU 

• hnn* W fluiip -If-nt il «*ir3t ^i^ pU» 

. . ..; M.Ti.I^ii* 

1.1 'i'hu j^i^un^ 

howeT<?r i I'L Iv. t^ s\. ihtw* ilie Kd- 
mirc of KoUii'l'^aivl ftit ^f llnfrmlal 
uitoin priiLnly i>nnii^li ^r<v|.r1fl4■]rM, 
^. Alii., ki liiA ' F^iflIi^v Bur li? imuLit 

* (ir4iJnJoT It >ii "hlr? Ih EiiaLrt« If i>iir- 
v^^uu (i^uli ki^iLJr* Jf Oitbor^tiiii^' Villi' 
motiixnt Aii[i^ Tki ur, ut iDU<]riiDr>t rnp- 

lr^«-viiiik|»^[>ii*L> V<iitl fuiiip' i>Arriii In 

[i\f frFit'^tfi^ |iu* Hiir i^ii {>fjniL tnun, 

}iiti i^iiu (jrsri'»l'i1 ■ vii A* i-YP^T*(j<'u/«- 

dviit \stvM lUlurW £ dirr <|Ub «lipa 
t^lcniincj Lt<i vifivjiniiiEuli'Jiiii hi»|4iii*^ 



PftMT L 

Tlin* irism or tbn brftki an itiivii iu Plalc 11- Agi- 1, 9, S. of bIm 
■nris ciUtL ihtfiirtRe l]i< u^^rxr I»uth] &ji«L mfcrjor viv*« vfllM hvnit- 
«ph*n*i bat not ih<r Iriiwr xiw. it i« wnnhf of nntv tlAt th* flgurt 
by no niH«nt huArt ahi liniliiJrt'* ilnt^^rifiTLon. iniwniirh Mlhc<fl«].rtt 
(lit)lrr»-lpML|»nk1k *m llm jKhlvrior Imlf ut Ifm fjuv of rlii' liKNtl^jibAr* In 
man EimrkiM] (htili aiif of ttiuH iiufui-i; iu'lu-uuO id llif liriTrnur hall 
If III** flifuri' i> -:i*i(ifi:i:, it iji no Wiijr jusiiflaGratiolol's i^onuliiaMiii; * U 
y & done: naifY rV4 ourtivux [ihdH or n C'lilULbrlx ikiiJ uf ■ 4Jltton] «< 
»lui ilu frtiw huni4in tin^ ^liffr-rviim fLioilnm'nljil. Vhat o«lut-«i» 
lungtamEH HVAnI que in pin toiii|x>rmiJi «p(«rml«ivinL, IM |ill« fmntAiii 

SiTKV (^ratlnlvt'H tfrnis ^t)imKr» tUit lUi'ffJuiniiPnl of th« cyri afit] 
hiiLtl uf rliF brui; h&9 iH^rn lundt' iLr Biibji^'r of rvnewrd ujvnli){iitMfb 
b^ St'hiiiMk, lttP*-hi.|!. I'»*»«.h,"' HI J mi>:u |artnuUrIy by Kckflr.^whoae 
vorh i« not «<nl|? (ho latr* I, but tj Tu lb(i JiJOdl compltto. aLvmoiT on 
thD iiibjwL 

Th4 Anal rrtiilU of (hpir 1ii(|ii]ntt icaf Iv iFumanI ith m foUrTir*:— 

1 In ibh liurunn fi«riift ifin ^ytv^n nuiih^ U formi-d In the <!oufK of 

tUt! Ililnl luonlti (if ijU<rukErgUilJui]. In tlji^MUtl in llir fmirtL numll^ 

thacci^biAl hrui^j|>hrTL<4 mtr imtKttb Bod ivuiid«d iwilli ihf vioriilwn 

nf thi' kvLimri tli^pmakuij j, and Uiey prajfcl Irih^kwanb fu iKj-opg the 

9. Tho «ii]i7i. pr^ptrly «d mllcd. bwn Ui ip|4wr in Iba mUrvkl 
Itttv^n (hi> rml of ihfi fonrtfa iind th» Mglnninf; nf thi> tilth mnnth 
of TcpUI lifit. 1)111 t'Irlvr JM cuTufuI Ili jiofnl out UinU inA vnly Lhi> tluii\ 

TarialLon. In ifj twr, buwr^cfn i*fo either Lbe fruritaJ or the temi'oral 
saU'i iItv i-^rllfTL 

Thv Ami wliji^ji ii|>pi«n. iji fu-t, livh <iii tlm iriTi'T Tu* i^f (lii» Ji««ii' 
•phem (i*»nn'-<' iiiiiMN-«iiriinolnt, wlii> Aaf* nor iwn in hsv-* ci^mionl 
initt fiv^ la IjtK fiTiii«. ovf^'Jookorl H}^ aei-I u rtth^r ihr itktcrrkJiJ fvr^wn- 
dSi*iiW(LiixL|*il4i-|4iririUd), ur lliki rji!<»Kiii' Miilru^ liifstt t*o biilrrr cJij^^ 
toXetlicr Biid 4!vfniuii]]t njtitiiiiu mu wm niJutUvr. At a lule tho 
oocipJta'fancUhL i> the rarliei' of tnv tno^ 

X At Ibn Ullur luft of tUtd tvri^Hl, tnothrr Mtilcui^ ll» " |xMt«rl^ 

C'vtal,' or " FiiviiT<i i^f Kuluuli* m dvvvIcfiHK ^ktij il » ftillownd, fn 
coiirw nf I ho mill nicmrh, fir iha (illirrprmi^ifuil cuLoi of the rpantbl. 
Srlcldl. Iffinpomt Md tHiipitid Mjm. Thnn> K l^i'-woTiir. iu»rta»rnvi' 
nw ttnl in"!" uf llrnw i^unxtAnllj' n^iimr* Wfi^rr Uin-ilirr: Mid il is 
remKrWjic Uiat. in ihn bwin »l lhf.< pfrii>] ilcttrltnl and Ajfunnl t; 
Ecker a c. }i. 41^ 13. Taf. II. fis^ 1. -.2. S, -i), th'^ 4Ei[<.-ru'(Mii|«»htl ^di'iu 

Siuun ^ariA^/j^l flo 4'hAnM^Ur^alJL^ «jf lli« bpti'a bniin, »' jv wbH. jf »at 
tt-r liaifli'jihl ihhii l)i* fl^iEifii ut KoIhihIo, aAd i* much nii>i> mcrlLtd 
than ihv (ifc-ivr fn'Olal inlcL 

Tfthing ihe fjH-'U as iboy iiovr >uniL ti apinftrN to mr thai Ihn ardvr 
uf tliit apfrratniitirdf Ibv HiiLv^ aiiJjMrt in iJjt ftrtnl hvmau braiiMV in 
pcrffxi fiArtiinriT vilh thi.' rviietal diycLiiTk^r of riolLLtiuii, and vktli the 
titw Uial Dull bu b«n tvcdTnl from »jiiie ajw Itto fvrtn ; ih^juffh thare 
OAit bo Qd donhl Ihat Ihal fomi lann. in niaiiy rf«|Hi<E<. difT^'rvni troto 
any ni«inilwi nf Ihn /Vtmafm nov Lirmjt. 

Viin BawUinjfbt u<, half a {-rniiiry iif^i, thai, in ihe (unrv of Ihrir 
i1e4 cUpment. all led anhnaJi put un ml flnki. Ujt- chanu'[f<n> nf llir ^rvfilT 



'•■l^ri**r Ait ttfriHti Anardimntt 
<|prfiirrh«n un-l w m'titniffiii «uf d«n 
Uftwhlra IUtiii!>('hini] d<« UcEtachcn 
n^tlwr Affih,' ' ArcJii« Air Aalhre-' 

aJfT Vup-lipn oml Winilo^in dar 
QevmIiIzij lltJiiili|ihAj-iu Im F<rta iea 
U*n*«hfrM* MhjJilT fir AaihtfvHlO' 
(i«; Ul.. IMA. 

:._.,. GoOi^lc 

OtkP. VIU 



ibvBB viikLn Ibr lunElsi^'' ' '< irrULi»,ftii'] ti--i'kt>i. niii.! hetrvTi^il 

M Ui« *4flK lliljf. tttn; IJ< ,IaI PlA^f ■ r A M^IjlT (Llj;l|UU b pn- 

cudf fUuiUf to the bUu:l . ..... ., at nuy l^-^vr viimnl lltkuultD 

ft Ibll^ *iiJ If Li vitfiii |ii> furihrr. voiila Iiati- ui br gmiijAd vuoHg 

In I^Iei? iDAnDcr.tho bmin c»f « humvi fort^ii. %t ihi^ Hfih manlh, m^t 

Ani-l4<piihv<<i(v> .ir nmr\i\i <>»*-} \\tf up; for il* h«niinji«r>^ with llirtr 
frrar l^rilrrinr IcitHlrr. iiTiil wlih no lulH ImL thp vyltun &ai| the niitc>U' 
rirm firviiriit tLc cltmrw-Urbhtiu* ftniiul k>ntj ici ihr £^t*>u\' tit iho Ant'j- 
(iiih'- ix*r. /Wj>i>i/-4. Hut it i* niwUlv fivf. « *ii»t"<lpt [riiiiBrkt, tbnU 
ku jL) wiilcty opf ri >yjTiui Afurq^ jl difftra from the hr^\n of ^nr Atlu^l 
HATUhAri. Nil iIliiiIK It WOtlld b* tnuoii mDr« i4iiiil«r lo Iha btnlii of ah 
ajf Kbfvii fti'litb t>t n tnmnMml. Bol wv know nntliin^ whuLu^vr of th* 
iVTvk'iimrnl uf Ih* limn in Dir iriArnxHrt^ In ttip PuiyrUmi [-prif-rr. 
I^oaIj tjttvrTHdoti Kllh vhLcli 1 iLiTi APuuiknifil 1* ilnr lo fAnHli, who 
liHloJ m Uw bniu of n failaJ i^fftJi AjirUtt. in fHMilttni lir |[i> Mrlrian 
AmuTo *nJ (h<* dt«p fi^kvrmr n-^^n<H (Hily it v^rr dimllow uktfto-Tf idi^.'- 
X^vibii flftoUtiJcvn UiguUitfr ujlh 4h<' mrttuNiiLux'u thul thii inUro- 
UrBponl »iikii« ItpnM^nT. in Hurli i'tfltwliim nri thp SAinnri. wbi'<l( finr- 
«VBl nw^ mna of (qW fin ih^- nniorftT IiaIf oI iTif i^vlprlor of Ihr nrn*' 
bnl hwoif^tf¥^ «<r iiLnir Hi aU. un^ljfitliMslh^ wi fur il* \i j^hi*, ulTurrl* 
lair cTidvurv m fAvuuf uf Ofat Jokt'? lij^KKli^fis^ itml Lhr fHAlt^rivt vului 
•pf«Af before thi.' «ntfnii>r. In llic bmini uf \ha Jtafyrhir^t. BliE. jt b^ 
ft* in0ia» UtWenf-^ '.-h^t Lhe riil<i wljJc}i iniiT bfiM )r<>t'iJ fur Mja Piali/rfniui 
nUitih lOlhcr fWar^HHi. Wv bare iio inforrnatioci vhnii^vor rtifwIiniT 

j4nf\nvi^Bi0r7J^, ntrthiiij: tnji Oir i^L^roiinl <if ibr limiii «f lln< niblHtrt. 
ikfAf fautK ^ranJy rtfi-rmi in. Ak [he pn^fj^ril moii^i^nt Uirrv li licit ft 

iTftin di> not ftppfftr in tho ■min'r oritur a5 n rimiiV 

limll'^lvt opcTfc* hl> pHfiH-ii i*)[b tlu^ ufi[iJjrii>i(i ; " 11 t'l't tinngoroui 
Jtn^ IvH BnumV* Ju coTitiJur" irup ^'itn," I f'lnr ln' riitj-l Iim'>' furpL>U**fl 
lhi« Kintid rnMnn hy ;*»• hmr bp hiul n-iuh^H ilir 1^(M'll^ln^ nf liir ifif- 
fffcru^vs betTFTii mni And n-iic-*, 1il rTii* tx'iily of Mi w^jrk, N'o iloubi, llio 
ftiivltri^tftiilliiii vt Ltri" iif llic numt it'inBrkHbliutintnlnjii*'']* lih lln- ju^t 
urii]'-nilAt>tiii£uf ihipniftinuinliHTi bfAiM wbicb husF^L^r Iv^mi ujiuIk nuuld 
Jiftiic ivtii lilt flnl u> mlmit the injiiiffli>ji'ncy of hh dutit liivl he bred to 

Crxffil tij tho ftlv^ncff of Inquiry. Tha mUfnrlmw j> thm, lib' tnncluitlcma 
tt* ton «nip]i>T*d 1^ p«i»nft inOCHD|k*taril in Hi^pnwjialfi Ui'ir fmiTirlH- 
lifin. at BrpTimcn'ti m t&rAnr of rbviiranthTn."' 

Hut li E< iitijiirtftni Ut tviiDbrlt (tiiir, wb>-lFirr GrutiiiH Ma> Ht;hl it 
■TT>tiC in hi? bypoLhnit miwlinc tbt r^Wlvv ur-ht nf nj-ppiimiKT of 
ihfi teiii[oriil iitkri frmt^ fulci, the fut reniftiiiB; th*i. before Hibcr trm- 
parikl or fronUl nuhi. ftppnif. the fa-Iftl brftin itt man prD^ritfl clvnrwur* 
wb»4.iEi nr* fi'nnd imly iri ihi- luvivt crcmft cif ih" J^ifnatrH (Iph^mii; "Ut 
Iht I*'TiiriP*j; vhl Ihftt Ihu n ctftj?T[y w*mt «p -(hriijlrl j^tpppt rn li^ Ifm 
fiftsr. if nun hia tvsulit^ from Ibf jrnvlual im^llflt'ntlon of tbo umo 
twtit u [bill r>iiiii ttliiub lbo<jtbur Prifhatf* buvtf yi^runjE- 

* Fev «fl>iuf ]«. U- 1'Atit.A LdKTiDt4 in hktombla p«mphl«t^L« Dftnriniim* 

PAICT tl. 


CHArrt:n vui. 

iihtJf* - I'uljifviikj 'I'^irihiilc ■liirtrctiiFiitly iihi*<)ifi^'i1 tUf^'Muh ^r^uul avlt^ 
ri-ii |-.(itfuru<-<# ■>' l\\t iitalv Vftriulfllitv uf llii' timlr»ii.'« inti^n^'l ^J 
Ifm fi'ifiMtr-^tAiiBl i^tiiiLL'"^^ *'IJ' '>i^"iliL uli^-ihtn - IrTht-rlUiikv^ lU i^itm*- 
e|i'4iH.Liif |-iL^rii<il> oriJlV'^Ht H.-L>riir^|>"jiifl(ii; muAfitf uf iJiv iva-f. auvI k> limitnl 

Ki JimJ tliv j<pti»if ur.- iirt ikuMUW lljn-uufi rc^utl *<>1i.^'ljon -^ul^|]4trll4oa| 
tin ih* pr\k|B)rt>i-iiifcl iiDiti^mrB ^f |lt« t<#'T ruxc* lliroci^'koul lliu uliiumI lUuf - 

With onimtib which ha.v<- their «cxm fcpjirutod, th« 
lunW iioiTtwiitij' dilTtT r[i.i[it tlii* rt-riialv^ in lliuic or^'nne 

actt-nt- Ifut Ibc iioxc« ofU-it (EilFrr in wmit Jhintrr Ua* culk<<1 
Heriirnlflry K^\un1 c^m^l^t*■^H. uhirli urr nut din-idv nui- 
tiif'tM with Itu' act it ri']irt»l»iclinn: for in-itnno(*. the itinli- 
jHi*sowc^ (tilnin rtpnnR nf jrnw or l"Com<'tiriii, ut vUith 
i\w feudal'' is fjiiitp ilrutiMilc, t>r luis Ihrni mcyrr liijihly-ili'- 
vi>U>pi>d. in c-riliT thai ln' may Tvadily find r^r rcficli luir; or 
af^aiu tli^ ninlo tiJi!> niic^rinl or^u;v of pn^ht'iiaivri for huld- 
inj; her secnroly. 'Hicpp httpr nrfcuiy*, ot inflnlulv ilivfrxi- 
fit4 kinrK *rnniuftlc into tlioao wlicoh arr commonly miikcfl 
nh prinifii^. nn<] in ^nnir iiwn («il hanlly U- i1iatiii;rui»iK'0 
from ihfm: wo fire intlflno'S nf IhU in tin* nn»|iN-r n|)~ 
jK^m^AtftA at the a|>cx of tlii^ aWotncn in malt' innrrfjt, Un- 
Icw inilMii we (xtnllim Ihf term " pnnmr>r " lo tlie rcpri>- 
dlK'hvo |.']flni1ii, it ifl flonivoly p^MJhl*' tn dwiU* whivh ought 
to l>r filW primarv unil whu'li r«>c»>ndarv, 

Tht* fnmnU' nH**n t\i\Jfni frvim ihv n^ule in having* nivsna 
fur iho roil rifh mint or protection of her >Dun}2. iiicn a$ 
tlie mnnininr} ^IjuiiIk of mainnia[», and the nhdominjil mcks 
of thir inarm|-iii}». In 4i>iiit* f(*iii (-a»i<!^ ^Wt th>> tiialr [infl" 
Wm^ similar or^nnn, which tre wuntirf; iti tbe feniali?* such 




ju tliF nK:«pUcl«o f-^r t)ie ova in ceriain male lUbc«, aiiJ 
liiiw** iruiporarilj ilrvi-lujJrtl in cxTtuiii duiIl' frt^- The 
fi-luul<.4L of ii»wl Ux« *rr pforidoil with n ti^x'iu] aiiforatUN 
for txtilei.'tjii^' Atid carryiiti: |H>tleii. aud tlieir ^vljAMlur it 
nuulilii'il iiitu a stiri}; fi>r i)it< iMeiio^ uf itie ]anw ami thf? 
commUQitj- Mabj nnwiar ntf-ii cuuM be ahtcii, Enit t^cy 

ditfercnco^ quiti? uiiei>rLiUH>ifHl Milli th« primary i\^}tr.H)tK^' 
live OT^sm^t aii<J it ia vftli lliTTt: Uiat ve un^ inor^^ i.v{n.-L'm[]y 

iif iho male* bii^ wvnjtoni 4>f oir^iKV <^ir nif^nt^ ^'i i\vii.'ni-^ 
n^aiuNt livnK lim tT^Qfly <xiUii4riii^' and tarmufl vmaiiKuU, 

lt««)d^ Ih* priinarr and woomJafV nt^xiial iliffi'rmcwi, 
Mjch «fl ibe fi^rvjjToinjr, Uk- nult« auJ (t^inal*^* ol boiiic aoi- 
innU ^liffiT in wlnmlurr-H n-latnl in i\i\lvri.<i\i \\aUii% nf life, 
imd nol «t all, of ©nly mdirw-lly, to Ih** rfprmlucUv*- fuiic- 
licritfu TliuA lUe femalct» uf irrlaiu flif^ (rulii^uiie iiiid 
TuhiLiiiili') iirt' tibmil'^iirki'n, nliilvl thv timb^, liviti^; m\ 
tiowi^n, hnvi: ii.<>«Eh>i dc^hliJlc nf r]iandilrLL<>.i 1 he riiak-si 
of c^rlaJA uiolltb atid i>r *un>e ti u^t jii.'tuii> {r. y. Tujiulb) !iu^« 
tiuperfecr, cluM.'d iiiniiUiv, aii<l cuiinoi fooil. Tho «<iEik|il^ 
tncnUl aiali* *'l certain i'irripodi** live? tik<^ cpiiib^ttc- ptanta 
4'ktli«<r f)n ibr fi*rnal«- i^r thit lirrniiijitirmlitir ftiruk* ami ari^ 
d««<itut4^ *yt « mouth aiul qf Lnvltf-Tt^iK* Litjlrt. In Uivi 
itOLv it is tilt- mule vhkh UOif \n-%n modiliin). ami han IcdC 
ti'ifuin iiiij>riil:tiil nrj^ni^, wliiili (hi- fi'itm1*-v iiikyMvi In 
olhifr i.iK'f It i?4 1h« fi-iruilo whivh \t»s loel fjiioIi parU; tor 
hjcUmii thv fntiak* glun-Monit iri drdtitutc' of wiitjc^, oa 
iilmj fltr many f»-iiinl*- inntliK, iimni- iif whi»'li ni'viT h'%\v 
th^'if cix^oon^t Many fifJinl? fibtiwitic CTiittdc^eai^t Lave l*ji% 
thrii- uatuluTif It-iis. In #oiue uiTvil-beL-tlt? (CurcEiliuni^ii^) 
ihi'TV u a gn*iit iliiTvn-ntr briwis^i Xhv inn)t> and frimiliv in 
the kiifflh of Iho rostrum or enont;' but Iho m«anin£ of 
thJH <unl uf Dianjr uialugou» tlilTriviLci-N U not at aU undtT- 
tftiwd. DiUtnTtiixa of ilructuru Ix^tunnn thv two ae*xvn in 
Ti^lul^on hi dilTprvrnt habits <>f life an.* ^iicrally oi>iifini.-d to 
the Wi'f aiiiiiiitU; but nitli suiik- fi'W liinl* thi* lirok <if Ihr 
i^iuIl* diffi-r* fn*m thai of th*- tvmsb^ In Ihi' Huia of Xei 
ZvAlnnd till' c1ifft>roiicr 10 irontktfiilly ^leut. and we b* 
from Dr Ruller * iliat tlve male uirk hiM tixmi^ bvak in 

t W«|wMd,*lta4im CUhi. aflD- > KirM aurl ?t|4rwa. - JntrvJiiolion 

lav, I 4B. d<MCAi 1u ^rU Hu^bt, 





r4>T 11. 

clii^ttlinif tiif Urvft' oi izi8L-L'l4 out of Ut^^a)!!! wooiU wliilat 
till' ft'riiEih- I'ntUr'^ i[i(- Miftt-r \mr\* u'ilK ht-r fur Iemi^it. iiiiit-h 
c-urvinl and iitifiiu honk: tiud thiiN tht^y riiutunJJT niil i>noh 
ulluT, lu niy*l to*<'>, i.lilTt'ivui.'iTi of bIiucIliji! Lelwi'i'ji tlw 
fteictiB are nure or Ui^ dir^nrElj^ ooiinctlod v-tIIl ihi* pro|JA|^* 
Ijoti i>f tbv ^|H?Uiv: iliUM a f(.'muk\ M'hidi hiu lu iiiHiri:th n 
iiiuitit^idc of o\a, if<\Min^t more foud Uian iIjl- uudtr. and 
t'oa»«<juentlT r«C[U)ri>ii spe<-ial meaub for prociLriii^ it, A 
male amiiLuL vtiidt Jjven for a v«rj abort 1itiic« miKht Iom; 
iU iir^aiiA for jiroirurJiiii! tinn\ lliTuugh ili^uHr, uitliuLit iJi?fri- 
mvM; IjiiT liii' would rvtuin hiti t^>ooinoltve orgautr in a p^r- 
itiA dl)il4-» »\j thai ho ieiiitIjI ivai^ii Uie femalt;. 'Dk' feiimlt^, 
on till' uUn-r luiiid, iiii^c^it »yif<-!y Umm' Iht or^im for tljiiig, 
i^wijtiiiJtM^*, or vTiikiit^. if -h<< ^railually acquired habiu 
wliidi ivudfrfd nurh puwi-rs Htn-lcM. 

W«» an*, Imwi-viT, 1 ^'n* t^oncirned only *itJi n^^iujil utlvo- 
tian. ThU di-ptud? uii ILc: tulvanta^c ^vhidt t^erttiin mdi- 
lidualp Lave ott^r otherv of llie Mutitr ai-x and ^pnJ^A *o\v}y 
ill r<«|W'*'l of ri*j»rvidu4'lion- Wln-*[i, an iti lli^ rasM ahor* 
incnliunvd, the tv3 eoxca diETcr in fliiicfure in relalLoii to 
ililfrri'ut liJibiK Lif lift, Ihrv havi! ui* doulil Li^^ti tiiodifutil 
through niktitrul t^iluctjon, nml by inli^jrilniL^t^ llmiit-d to 
^^n•r aui Uio -am*- Bi!\. Su iiguiu thi' primary «\i«al or^aiu, 
and iJuHH' for rioitnshiii^ or prott'ctiri^r ^li** yuiiri^, 4ouie 
uii<1i.T th>? wirii'" Kitiuiinoti for those inOividuflliJ whiHi gcii- 
ituIlhI or injufiahtil tlitir ulTfHpriiig Wat. ftuuiJ lta\t, ctrifrt* 
;irtri'ArM, Ihr grt'Mlwl niinttior to inherit IliL'ir nup'noriljj 
wbiUt tlioti; whicli ^'x^neratod or iioiirMhod Ihi^Jr olf^prity 
budly, woulrl Wnvr hv\ frw to iiilit-nt their weukiT povew- 
A*i (he mjd^ htit In Had Ihr ft^malu, li<* r<^i)uirv*« ur^raDA of 
Hcr^o and lotoaiutioii, IjijI iT Ihi-^o '>rj»nrp are noccHWiy for 
tlie <ith*-r |*ur|nKrti of Vitv, [11 is ^cniTnlly llii' <"jwe, th(<y will 
linrp i>L*(*n il<>vfkj|ii>d thnmjjh nutuml )H"U'(.'tiL»i]. \Vli**ii the 
nmh* liLL4 fuU[id llie fi-iaalt, lie ^oiaeliini* ahrtoluti^lv rt^ijaifr^ 
|iTehi-nHi|i< orf^Uii}' In hold I^t; ttiua Mr. AVallnir iafitriaH me 
that the mntni nf rcrtncn moth* tNiitDot MJttie nilli Th« fc- 
malca If th^ir XAvti or feet aic Irokrn, Thr irialr« trf many 
oct>iinlc r^mvlaoeani^ when adalt, hsTe their \^gH nr\i\ «n- 
tciiftit modified in nn ritroorfiirary manner for tU» pw- 
hen*inn of ihi* female: h'riee wt- may :<iii»jrtrtt that it w be* 
c^uve ihtt* uhiamla oru tianha) ahr>tit by the WAVffi L<f thd 
o|>eii M«. thiLt they require the^c nfK^na in onJer to prupA' 
gat» tWkr kind, sud if eu, th^ir ilrviihjjiriii-nl Ijhm Wn the 
ivBuit of ordinarY or DAtnral »oleeti'>ii. S<^u>c aniiiisU ex- 
trcinoly low id the HtAc hum boen iDixlified for tliiti Etame 





C^MT. V[tl. 



piirpoM; thn* Ibf nial<* of crrlftin paniaiUc iromitf, itliea 
tnWy erown, have i]w luAti E^nrfnii' nf iKi* r.i'rmiTml [inrl of 
Ihe-if Ikcidivs r«it|;hutK4l liku u ra*f>, *nd «-jlh ihih th^^y coil 
round tiJid prrmaiir-nll^ IxoUl ilii> fi^EiLAk'*.* 

Wlirii tin- luo )i*>x**i ffillfiw fiArcIv T^e Aani^ habiU of Uf^, 
ttEid Ihv mAii" hi» llw Bciidury or lo{>jnt<>tivo orjc^n* mure 
htjfhty (lticb|jrii tliAn thriM of the frmuli*. it utiy bi.- llial 
Ibp (wrfrrtiiiT of tbi*ti» is inilisjienwbli? li> ihe Di£lt* foj* lilid* 
inc the fciitale; but in ilia vuM iimjunlv of tiwn:. tlKV gqtvc 
oiUr lif give nav umlv nil uJiiLiituK*^ ovit 4ni>tli<<rp tor with 
i^ofEi^icnl timn, llir In* urrU-pmlowed mak'^ would ducceed 
in peirinf with Ibo feunule^; ami juJpiix froia the *lnic- 
tun; uf l)]« fi^mnlv. ihrv HoiilO Irr in iilt oIIht ri:'»|nrl» 
fvjtiAllT wi^ll Ai|jB]i|i<(1 for tbnjr finlinarT liabilfl of life, ^^ioce 
ID fiurh cwea Ihe nul^ havi' m^^uirvil |»p««iit .ilruc- 
lurr, iicjI fmin Wi»g bi-ltrr fil h^*! lo nirviTi? In llip htnipglr 
for I'xiRtpocv, but from hoving ^Ainod an ttdviiDta;;^,^ over 
other uuln, and from haxiii^ Irousmittnl tlii.i Hilvuntoge 
t« l)ii-)r iujiIl' filT»{irir]^ nlnni\ Ai'iti«l )ii*lri']i<iTi miiat hrr« 
hAi'o come into Aotion, It wae [he impc>rtAnce of ihie dis- 
tiiiclioii nbiili kti mi^ to dt^i^'iuti? lliid form of teWtioti 
■■ 8«xmL Si4oi-tirii. So n^fiijn, if (hi- L^hit^f iv^rviiv rt'mU^t^*!] 
to the mfile bv hit pichi^ne^k r»r^iui« i8 to [>rcvriit tUo cnonpt? 
of Thi? fi^iimk- ln'fori' Ibt- urtivn! uf other mtikn. tjr wln^a 
attjiiiiiltri^ by thnn, thr«» fitpiti* will JiMve h-rn |U'rf<.iflcil 
lliroAi^b tcauu] MLf^MKHi, that w f>y Ibr infmntfl^fr- iioiiuircid 
bv ivrljitri iniljiiihialf i>ver Ibeir iiviilti. Bui in iikmI uLaep 
of ihiA kinrl it. iff iRi|)iMtib1(^ to distin^uiuh botu v<:<ii tlu' i-fTucU 
of natural arul ^cauuI evWiiun. Wiiok <'hnj>l*'r!i (^oiilii be 
fiUu! wilh fktjiiU nil Llir dlin^rem^ra IfT^tHefU itie w.\cs in 
tbflir «*riflory, locomotive, ami prdioTini!* or^iu. A*, bow- 
pry?r, lb«c BtmcturE-4 are not morf intorMiinjf ihan olhf-re 
mlitplml for Ihr onlitmry |iiirf»'iHt'^ nf tifn \ nhuW (mx* Ibnn 
nvpr almost (^nliiclr, pivin): nnly > U^s- iih-Uocok unJ^i eiu^h 

'nicTo nir nmny other (tlmtlureM and in«tfnctfi which 

• U. l'«rrii«>tTfenrt«B thta PMnrKv- 

I'll!''! ■ 'I'L [tifprrcir''.ll*f i'l 

lliitf^i i"tf'ifii|ffM>irlir'fi'«t 

nolbriVi; hflCd ilLiVIilri|ii'»l ituwiiL'li lli» 
rhoU'c vf ikt fvmHW- f Ttn'l I n"t mol 

Ilnruulii il |"p**rU>- f"f nr? i-n* m t'uvf 

thil I iiialnlilTk Tfint rhv ih'AT if iko 
fnntnlr ]>Chl anvl^iutjf !■» il" wiOl i|i« 
.Icvr-lriyanprir, lif llio (lfT.^('Ilhlln Of^nTI* 
iu tlitf mulb 



PiRT n. 

iiiiut have boen d^f^lopod fhroui^i vpxhaI Gi^lectinti— «tirli 
iw the wenpunji r>f otTf-ictf nmi Hit' mtniw of doffiKv* — of the 
iJtHl*.> ti'T fij^hlin;; wilh iiikI liri^ih^' «unv l)icir nt^Ll:^— llu'ir 

IrivniKrB fur produiini: loraJ or iiutrvmviitul [iitufc — utkI 
thnir gInmU fnr riiiHIinir: rklfror*, iHuti «f ihrM' UfLrr sinn-- 
hircp wFTinp ■>nly lo allnr^ oT oxoiti- llie f^mjilp. It U fltur 
thftt Ihtsc thoract^T-i urr Ibt rtHuH ijf eixual iind D'jI uf 
rvrdiiiftrv wl^^iiori, tivn^v nnurmivl, urLiTmHrut^Tiltvi, or unal- 
tractive maice would guccoocl ^-qunlJj w^] m th^ iMtllo for 
lift; MTid in Irarinv * uumertrtitf progfuy, but for tlw \h<a- 
cJDt^o of bi*1UT t'ndcivri^d timt^jf- We iiiu}' iiifrr l^ial ttiTi^ 
wi>uJd Ix' the «iw, bi^cnuw- the fcrnflltr, wliith aro urijiniioi] 
HTid LiunrMflTiu-Eil-'rt, dft' ab!t l» hiirvjvr Mnd iiriK'fvjilc iheir 
kind. Sp<oufl«rv i^fxiiul fh^nicUiv of iLv kind jiui w^fi^red 
to, will br fnllvfliBnwcd in tKo foUowicjrihjipIrr*, iw hHn*t 
in i|]Hii>' rvH|ie('tr4 ii]l»>r^Hlin^', but Ewpi-iinlly am r]('|<-nding 
oil thu wiiU choit'(\ nnd nvolrj of the indivutuiilB of ntlKir 
fcx. Wlien wc bohcTd tito ni«Llc# ^^htiii£ f-ir Ihc poMcmion 
ci \hv r«ujhTe, i>r ^^vi-ral riiafo liiriJ* di>;[iUyjng Ihetr gnr- 
peoiiJK plumn;:t', and porfnrm)n^ Mtran^o uiitit^ before- «n 
officmblcd Ijodj of females "« rannt^t doubt that, though 
led by inftlinet, Ihe^ know whar ihry uiv aboul^ And «iq- 
bcioimly cierl their cnt-iitnl and boddy powm- 

Jii^t lut mnri can iriipr'jve Ihf br<i*d of hla ^Ami>-<^X'kfi 
by tlie Relei.'ti'>n of tbot« birde U'liidi iiiv viHonou* m fhc 
cwk pit, M> Tl af*iK«ni thj»t the ^tronin^ftl ami na*! vijj->fi.m* 
rT]ji)i*«, iiT thnxr pmvidnl villi (he lip^t u'cupOTUi. litVi^ nn>- 
niled in»d'*r nature, nud hn^* M 1o tli^ impmic^iiLOnt of 
the natural bwci^ <»t ^ppcira. A hL^^d de^rtvi* (if ntnaliiltty 
1r;ttlin>: t« Hwiit' ndvnnla^p, tiowrver ftli^ht, in n>iloralH 
riiiidly onntcBU woidd ^iiflKt for tho work of KSiLial m-W- 
tion; and it in ivrlain llmt n^ronJury ii-vual HiaraelrTH nrv 
4-minr-n!)y viinnblr Jtii^ an rnjiii iiin ;nvo boaulv. ni*<.i>rd- 
\ti}Z U' hm hlnudanl iif taslo. t<^ bi* nyiV poultry, or more 
rtnelly enii itiLnlify tin- bi'Huly (^Hifiniilty »i(|i]in*<l by ibe 
p^Ttni Eipecit-K *iin j;'ivn lo tbf' S. Krii^M bantam n nr-w and 
elc;;nrt. plnnirfff, on rrect and p^nluir iaTriAff(»--(«) it ap- 
['TAn' thai ft'inale birdi in n h'lalo nf nature, have by a loni; 
octecli'^D i-l the mor^ altntrtiiv tnalee, addvtl to ll»cir bi>tttity 
or utlKi- nttractkf i^ualiliei*. No duuU this implin |miv(fr4 
nf dipr^rimiEmfion ami I*i*Ip f^n the p*rt nf th*' frmalr whii^b 
will at Jir»l ap|>ear oxtrrm'^ly iniprnbald'*; but by the fattti 
to br addnrH iwrntfler. 1 hv\K* 1o Ih* able bi ?'lirv\- tlmt Ibi* 
ffiiimleA actiiallj* haix* Ihtiit' |»oM'Lnv. Wh«^ boux-ver, it is 



Ciur vin. 

srxual BfctEtmoK. 


■AhJ ItiAl tbo lov«r tLDUnttlfi ha«« a Benee of beauty, it itiuftt 
fiot lie usppDM'd (hjil 0uch «cu^i? i» i^mipaTnblt vnxh t.lint of 

for the benuliful in amriald, ami that m tbc lo'HTiit 
rn\tifpt^ nhn a<Imirr ami il<-i<k Ihi-riijirlvrj^ with Any hrillratiLj 
^ItU^ncp, or curious objtct- 

TroBi our igconuKi.' tm wvcial imiitta, the pivcise miin- 
ni*r in vhtdi c^vtiul tu^li'f'tir'n 9pU ji^ somfwhnt unt^E'rum, 
NcvcHh«lcH if tJjoK naluralieie who already Micic in th« 
muUbiltl^ of hptfciis, will rvnd iUv tuWnwiiig HiapU-rs, tUvy 
wil^ J think. n^Tvtjt milx mo, tbut kl-kujiI «clbt(iuu hut pln^i^l 
an important part in Ihir history '>f the t^rycnnir world, H 
is i'«'rtaiii rli^l uitiiini^'at al:[[<i»t jU! aiiiiimlH ihert' in a Blru^iirlv 
bi*tWM>D tlic mjiliv for th<' pofuwion <rf iht finialu. Tli^a 
fact U HO notoriouF that it would be ^upcrfluoiis lo jfitr in- 
staiKfs. Flenci* the feruaW have Ifae opjurriuniiv nf Hi-lrH* 
tnfs OQO oul of «*T«^ inalot, od the tmi^prmtjnh iLit Ihmr 
imntfl] cftp*'-rty "liliir* for tho fxcrtinn of a chrit'c- In 
innnv r»*#« flpcfinl HrcHTrirtanrr* leiut tn rinkf ihp virugulii 
bvlwfvii lUi* nmk'd imrticularlv tt?^*ru, Thu« the inaloa 

■our tni^alorj bird" gcnrrallr nnivc at tbcir place of 
ling bef'^re th^ foinalc^, ^o that nianr iriBli^f arv rpndj 

oontE-'^iil for cnHi fr;:malc-. I am tnfurmcii \vy Mr. Jen- 
Kpr Wpir> that Iho hi((l-fatrh*i> a^wrl thai thij* in in- 
variably lhi> eiiPi* with thti iii|.'htinf:ak- an») bUckmp, nrtd 
wilh r^apcrt to the loitor he con hinuiclf conSrixi Ihi' »taU'' 

Mr. Snayvlaiwl of Urijrhtrtn hoa bt^^u in tho haTkil, Hnr- 
ir^r till- limt fony ycftr*, nf cat(rhin#f our niisrat'iry lirda on 
th4>ir firii arrival, and h? ba* nofrr known tin- fiviu1<« nf 
&Dy ft]N>ci«^ to amv« hcfon* IJivir niaJcv. During: fxic i>F)nnp 
hi" shot Ihirty-Mini? inuk-» of Hay'.i wa^tai) (Bwii^U^ HiiH) 
hffnff hi* mw H singlr frniiilo Mr. OouM hjut iiKT^tiiiTii*il 
by Hic (liwpdiou tif Ihoi**.- Hoiiica whidi arrive the fint in 
lliH niunlTj. tfiftl ihr nmltr icirnt' in-firp Uie feirialet^ Aii»i 
tho likf holdR good with moil of fht^ ini;rTati»ry birds tA 
tht" Inik^ Sifttea.* Th( Hifljcrily of the mflle Rilmon in 
our Hveni, uia iviiiitn^ vip fmin the twii. an> ready tn hm^d 
Jjcforif Hi^ fenuili>«. Sn it nppL^am to he with fro^e &nt\ 
toe<f]& Throughout the gr^-At ela^ of in»eet« tlii; main 
filmoul alviijs artr Oi« fir»f lo einer^i* from the pu|«1 Fitati?, 
ICO that they ftcneratly nltniind for a timi; bi^furo any femalea 

< J. A- AT)Eii,'«n Uf* *Mtinrp*l«uid 
ZfitAa^jt littwi t'uUa(*k p. t^ 

WihTj>r ltlM« If rlnri'Vltiin-4:nmp 




Pint a 

rsri iK> *fipni Tin- miifie of Ihia i!ilfereju.t> Wween tlu- matea 
aiid feFTmk>B m llu-ir iitnoJB of arnvnl «nd matuntv in auf- 
tidciillv nt»vioti0. 'rlic»!M.- tnaks which annually liret mi- 
gr^rptJ irilii Hiiv i-ii(]ii|rvj (»r nhirli in ibe H)inj(jf were fint 

lnri;c?ftl DumUx of otTspring; nnd the*? would lood lo ia- 
hpril Airniliir in^rinrfi; niii) ronhtittiiion^ Tt tmiiM be boni^ 
in uiind thai it would haw lovu im}>uF»il>lL> lo change very 
tttatmully tliv litiic of ai^xiuiI ittiituril.^ in thi* reiiiiklf^ wilh- 
mit nf ihp ftntiii* limt'ini^rferiDg with (he period of th« 
production of tbo jouni;— o pvnod vhich niual be deter- 
inintHi hy Uit? sflLinrw of tJir- yrgir. On Hn* wlioir tlirre r8n 
t» no doubl Umt ^ith nlmofel ^11 fliiinialiJ, in vliii^b \he e^xei 
arc ftcpriratc, IIh-tu U a comlaiilly rt^cummt »tnigglc b(^* 
Iwftui Ibtr »ial(» for On* |ii»«4<iuinii of tin* WmW 

Our dilBcLiU.y in n^pflrd to wxufll &ckdion Uob in uiidcr- 
etandiag huw It is llmt tlit- lualt'o T»liich t(junm-r »tht'r inalcUt 
or IIm.ih- whirh ]ir«vr tlir inoul tiltmrltvp In tlifl fi*nml(«, 
Ware a Kivnl*T niintbor of od^f-rirg lo inlicrnt Ihcir fllp(^ 
riority lliflu lh<?it Ltattu and k'«i ^ulractivi? rivaljt, Unl«B» 
ihi* roiiull duVit follow, tlit churactcr* which gittr to vcrtain 
TRttkf' nn fidvanlAKG over others coutd not be porfcc(o') and 
au^uiL-ijti^d tliniu^i ceiunl PL-I(!i^lit»u- When the ve^va eiist 
in exactly i^quul numliiTnCf iho vurtt ciidimud mnlv* will 
(cxccpl fvUcri.* polygfinkv prfvaib*). nJlicnatcly find f«inalc«k 
nml leLivi' EiH iiLit^iy ofTbpnnfr. ah ui-ll filterl for Iheir general 
hiibits of lif*"* 4Lii tho lH*l-t']id<iwi'd ninkii. rr^'in ranoiw 
fade atitl t;oQi<ldi.valion», I rurmorly infc-rrrd ihat with most 
tatmaU, in which eecoudary f«>ual characters arc well de- 
veloped, the mjLl<if uonnidenibly oxcctnlcd th<- fomalui in 
QUiiib«r; Ifui tbm h nijt by any Divans ahvay» tnic If the 
mMlCH vfVTt ti> the f(?iiia1t<ft a§ two tc one, or as throe to tvo, 
fir cxcn in a pomcvhat loner rutio, the whole atfair would be 
ftfinple; for the ludter-ariii'^d nr niorr nltriu'tivc innh* wiiuld 
Wvo thtf luriit'it numbi^r of offeprinc. But nfter invcsli- 
gafiniT. M fur m powibltr, the nitnicrunl |jro|>orlicin ttf the 
RCTies, I dr> not believe ihut rt\\ grriil (nifiualily in ni)mbL*r 
cummonty rxidH. hi uiort ciiu'e al<xuaI doUolion &pp?Are tO 
hfflvc been dfcctiTc in tbc folloning ninnmT, 


* K^m wliK fliiK fAftntn In aIiIf^K 

•it irpn^rBlly amiurf licfcji' llir f^ninl'^ 

m»ij li'muiphmlfu pluniB nrr 'iic'|i->- 
^■ijii-u»« that UpUtcIr iiiilc'^fk*! ftintle 
«.'9«ftft An not nidy ee tftc Mm* M^J. 


Ijirt yfl t*k* tinv EfipriM, a birr] fnr irutinn*, tinrl iUtiiI? 
Ihc fcm. ' Hrt iato l*i> i'*!!!*! I>vlir*, Ihr 

finr iTTti'i vigiiTfKui tiiiil U'ttcr'[hiiiii^hi<] 

in(lHi4}iuU. luu Ihv f'lhiT i>f tht lou v]f;r>rui|ji liud htfaitliy. 
Tbf foribrf, IIk.'IV <-bd be Itlllo tlcub^ frfj*ild be n'ady to 
Itrmd m ibo tipriug Wure Ihe ulJi«n>. «U'! Itu* t^ itii- upm- 
ion or Mr. Jciinvr VVoir, uh^ h«£ cuvfiilly itUiuled to tho 
habiu <if hirdf <lunnje manj j^nr*. I'h^fc con m]«o b« no 
iluiiltt lliJil llir inuel vigurmif«. Unt-ni^iiriflied aii<I i<fuli««t 

nun I 'iiic f>(T«i>rintf.' The moIrA, a«i a* htir Men. 

firt . . ;v«]j to Lrwil Lffnr^ the ft-iimt«»; the rtnmg- 

nl, UtiU HjlJj 4UII1C dpm« tllF IwKt sriQi>cl of xUe iml««, 
lirivr awflv the vrokcr; nnd tiir fornvor v^iuM I|i>-ti unjle 
ttttb ilw VKiro Ti^vrmiA hhi! }i>.>ttrr-iJnttrL»Tir(l f-nutlrt, tx^- 
oiiu^ 111*!' ore tlic fint tu [in-ixl.* SuLh vii-orjue ijair* would 
vuft-l; W4r l/rffiT numW of otT*pnn*f iJinn rhc retarded 
ffiHAlpfS whirfi vould be i:i>in|M?lI<Mj uj imili^ uilh ihp con- 
quered and Iwfe wwvrrul nmtn, duppo^ng tlio em^-kiv to be 
notncricftlly cqul; iind tlii» i» ill CEut U wonted to n^ld. in 
thf> CAiinv of nwcMciv? gintralione, tr> tlit^ iize, ^Iren^h 
Uid coiin^e of lh« loslnf. i>r to improw thrir wivponv 

But in vrn~ nunv inr*^ llii- riAlcj^ ^%hiiii (-omjurr Ihrir 
rivnU, do not nHuii) rxieee^ALon r>r the fema|i>a, md^^^^nd' 
*ntlj of the chftKc of thf' Uttff. Tlic cojrtj<hii> ff nni- 
imdn u bv no mran» ki iF^inipIr and ^lioit an ftlTitlr an 
might be thc' light. Tho femaW art* roo*t oicUoil l)_v. or 
prefer psirinj; wilii, the more omnmcntrd mAl€«, or thort 
whtiit «r* Ihi? Imsl tonpitpr*, or pUy the Iwsl antic*: but 
it lA obvinnsly protiable tijiit Ihoy voulil at jhr< ^nmc lime 
prefer the iiior* vi|*orous mid HtHt mali^ aaO ibih ha* in 
Mimi! OAH^ boi'ti rnnftrrn^d hy Jictiia] oLiivri'iiiioii." Thii8 
the more ri^roiit- f*mak*, whub ore the lirnt to brni:<l, 
will hoTe the djuk« of mniiy uiAlct; and though the; luay 

' Ikft ^ tvirUtbi itldflciL'* on the 
p#rlrtnm1 i\frijrh*.'>ifU. Vj J. A At- 

later WaI^ MfifT ih' ■i*pUlfinUl Av- 
Mnmim *r Um Mnk ••jis ihid ttiv* 
**w* MM lo ha tmBtlcf mirl Hlnr- 

«r*| niU t!>e KM* nTlhq t«rlitr lir-jrlt 
•vni iti 4tl iwjpHto tltft lurt cvrfKTt 

> HpTTninn MfiUir hM cvrnii* fo thin 
hknin run*'] mlnn vliti rwjwri f^Ohi'W 
fmnHtr liot* ithif^ aiv thu Itmt t" 
enirrkriL rrrim Hf T'**l* '"'"■li J'"' **" 
i.l" r-in«Thi»tili' r-wi". ' ittjvviutuu^ 

l^*M, lo ihJr rir*c€. KvDU oltli liinJ*. 

i}ii) fi'rFKiTr, V I (>riiT fmrii Wr, Jonnor 
W*i», lill 'li*cTt lie* lubtc iflLfiUin 
Jitnd or gTuvr* wokk. 

[>?-.■*! 'w 




P^Bt It 

not olwny* *-*lMrt the *1n>ni:*,il or lir^l ormt*'!, thi^y will hcp- 
lect thw»" i^hich fiTV ligi^n^iM aiifl urll arnipil. aii'J in olhef 
ifmccU ihtf in'>al filtrai'Lv+^^ Butlj kl^xi^a. IhcrWoi^v, fjt Aiioh 
^Ifcrly paim wnnld Af^ Ai»\r i-X|>Ininr^, linvc an ■'Ivdut^cv 
ovi^r n\hfrn in n^nrin^' nfTsjiring; and ihw Hj>|iHrr]tHv Iihs 
euJlEc^i-'*(i during a lon^ ci>iir«»v of ;;L-ni.-ralioiLd tu adj not oiil)' 
l6 tljf »trvnj;1fi lUiJ fijclitm^ p<}wrr» of Ihc innlrav liiit Ub«- 
u'itr 1i> tbrir vunoLiu <]nuaiffiit> or otJK'r iillnirtloTi«, 

In the cnnvorfc and much rarer cuee of the inalot sclfvt' 
iriK iinrticular fi^ciuili^K* it U pUiu Uiat Ihocu.- which nvjt 
fhp mott vi^oroLifi iiml hnd I'nrjqiipreJ oihpr», wmild huvi* 
the freest choicL^; atid it U almost crrtam Ihat Ihcj vould 
helmi ^ ij^^iii'irtin Jin well lui wtlmi'Iiv*^ r-fiiaW Sudi |«iirfl 
wouk! hiisv nn adi'imtflg*^ in roaring utfwpriitg, nf*»rc r(|ir- 
cially if the iimlc had the [owcr lo defend ihc femnk^ during 
the jwiriEig'*i-MM»n iw iiivni-H v\i)t jimu* iif the ht^licr aiii- 
null*, or md^'d Iwt in f>r(>TicIin|i for thi: yi>iin;;, Thi* khtjio 
principle* would fipply if e-ach *ex preferred ami aelceled 
iriTfaln iiulividuaiTi of tlif- n[i[tf>Hi(i> ^fx: HUjifH>8int- llmt x\wy 
aiulnc?t(^rl not »nly tiic niori^ attruriivt^ hut ]ilcewl*e the mort' 
li^roUH iudiTJduaU 

Num^ritfjl I'rrjportion ff ihf Two Sfj'ff.- I huvc re- 
insihe<l Uiaf he>UAl ^elt*L'H<»ii Hoiild 1h' a ^tmpl^ affair if tJi« 
mulcv wcpc eomid^ruhly niort' nunnrou* iliao tlit foruftldi, 
Tlenee 1 ts&t- led .i inv»1igdtt\ nf f^r u£ 1 ciouM> the pro* 
portion* hrtttTf-n Ihi* twn »iexo! of ns miiny aminiU n» na*. 
ftble; but Ihc nialerialfl ore «eanty' 1 will here give only o 
brief fthfttrai'f itf Ihi- resnUri, Mulnin^ Ihi' iMuil^ for u fcU|>- 
plcvmcntorT ditfcruivion, lo ns nn( trk intorfcw with tb<* eourv^ 
of ray flrCTim^nt- l.loiiiwtieated animaU alone air->r<i Iht 
ETifun^ <kf ttsi^i^H iL r Ti i Ei;r the |>rr>[)i>rli(>n]il ntiitilien^ ai birth: 
but no records hme ht^'.-n aywcinUy kt^i-t for Ihi* purpovo- 
By indirect meaDL, h<>weTer, 1 have tolli'dcd o consider* 
alile lioih of HUlihtiiM, from iihiHi tl appe;if> lhj|[ v/\ih 
m<Ml f>f m:r do]no*tif uritnnU fhc pcxe* nu^ npurly cqxni] at 
birib. Tlinti S0,500 Linhs of rfli.'^vbcrw* havr- Ik-ch recorder) 
during twenty-one yean, and tho msle hirlh* were in the 
fi^mnle birth« a* ^\i/: tn 100. In ^^reytiuundb ihv infi\miiiy 
i* jirrvHlrr thrill willt any of hrr nniranl, ri>r nut. of 4>8r!4 hirtllR 
during twelTo years, the male birtba wore to the feniAl<^ ah 
n<*J t<» too. It IP. htiwevcT, in *>me tle^re^ HnuMful 
whether it In mfe ro infor thnt tin' pfnportinn wouV] In* (he 
nnni« umler nalanl c^ndili^ne 8a nitliT d^rnotti'-^itif.n; for 
ehgttl 6nd uiitcnowD difTerencte iu the condilivni afTeel th« 

Q>Av, vm. 

sicxDAL siaRonoN. 


Eroporlion of tb« ti>iN. TkiiB with manklDd, ih^ uiojo 
irUi[» ill Knfrlunct nrr 110 IOI..S, in I[av<i4 nr- 10S.6. nrH with 
Ihr J^Wtt iif LiTniiU nt- i2tt, in H*» f<-iiiiilr hirthi: Tlrrl T 
iliall recur to t^e runout poini of tbe exct«a of mulo turthft 
in the 0up|)t«ni«ill to thin i^ltaptcr. At Ihc Tape nf Goml 
n(j|x^, hirvmvr, nuiht i-hilitr*'ri nf Kiini|Htiii ftiinctinr havp 
born born diinitp i^ovenil j^rs in th« proportion of be- 

Ktir mir |iri*iTif piirpii*i- uv jin' I'onrrrtK'd with Ihi* pro- 
poTtion of tilt' KJ>^(> not ^nU^ nt birth, hut a]so at nmlynlv. 
and LhU M-Jda atiolht'r L'lrTrtctil -tf i]ritiSt: for i\ ii* n uiOb 
ttfcnlflin^ fuel Ihiil wilh mAn tln^ mim^iPT i>f mnlpc dvmg 
bf foiv ^r iliirin;: liirth, an'! durir^ tlie tirtt few voare of in- 
fantji if nn]ttJi'iMMj birj-Tr thnii tlmt n/ rrmjiti'H rtu iL 
olmod cvrlmnly ik with mal« lAmbic« mid pmlmbly wiib aomo 
oth^r Arinrnl*^ Tfic mali?« of mdii: upcciti^ kil] otic- unotlicr 
bj' llghlin^: or Ihe^t ilriiv ijii4< »iiolhi-r atirjul until Lht>y be- 
cwinu pnvily L.»niiomti>d, Th^y mxisl aW Ih* cftrn rxpnso'J 
to vnriou* "innficr*. whilst kvauJoiin^ about in i^a^iT search 
fnr tht^ frmnlee. lu riuny kind« of fi&h iht iiwl<'* are muoh 
wnallcT thun Ihr ftmnlt^ nnd Ihcry an^ JiuLtviM ■jftrn to be 
l> llir latter, ci Ifv oiher IWic^. The females of 

W& st"}*ar to dii- earlier (ban the mal^; th*»v ftre 

flbo habk- t^J uc <JwitroifTd on tbrir nrals. or wbilnt id ctiaryjo 
of their louiK, With inM'i'lH Ihr frniub* Inrvn- arr. nftrn 
lari^ thnn th<:4e of the mst^, and womM crnspqii^tljr 
ht mart bkelj lo Iw de\ourc*ti- !a Boinc CMtn ih^ maUhs 
frnnalM Mri* Ipni iu-1ivi< uiid b-u rnpid in IbHr niovi'mmitA 
than th^ maleti, and oould nr»t esosjw 90 well from d:ing*T. 
notice, iritb dniinflU in « «1jiI« of nuture. wo rniiHt rt-ly on 
mrri* ftfitiiuBtirin, in oMvr u> jiidpi- nf fhi* pTOpnrti'mn of 
ibe scx« at inatuhty; aud ihii? <fi biil liitic tnwIwoHliy, <*x- 
tt Bb<?n ttic im^ntiabty J? ?^lrmi;:ly iiuiked. NcvediH-lrtS, 
far at n jinlpmrni mn hi* fominl. w*- iii*iy iv.m-bide fn«m 
the facts triven in the FUppJcm^^nt, that the tuahv of i^nmc 
f&w inunnnnlsf nf criiuiy birdK of wiiiie fibh and iiuocls ar9 
ronpidorahly rnon^ nnni^ouft tban tho fmuibd. 

The picporlion between the wucn ntidLinlc^ iJijcHtly 
during iutt'crtiivi* ythffi: thun nifh mcf^ionit*, fcr every 
100 mnriv horn thn idalbon^ vari^'d froir 30T.1 in one y«r 
to &3.1I in an-jther >far, and with err-yhound* from ll(T.3 
to S^.V3. Hir h'irt bin^-r uiJintH>rH Urn IrtTiulatin) tlirnEj^'li- 
oul an nrrn mnr^ cxlcnmve than t-^nj^Und, thi^ar iliutuatiLine 
would prolrably bav».* diha|i|>rar>'d. and Hieh ft« T.hi:y nre» 
would hardly BUtlice 10 lead to ofTecli^'e seTual M>lertinn in a 


Vam TL 

«Ulc of nftlurp. Neierilif^lft**, \a (ho i^a*« of »r>me few vi-ild 
riTtiDiHls. fUh ^trun in ihv nu^ijilrini^nt, thf pn^imrtioikh m^jq 
to fluctuat"* ^irhpr Hurirg ^liiTiTOTil wasnise or in riirf.Jtvrt 
lncAliUi» Hi a *LiHit-K'ril lic^jrcc 1o {*a{\ it> *iK-h A-lt'clioii, 
Fnr it, K>]oul(l 'h* nlisrrvfil thai hhv ml^Hnlage, pHiiirO ilur- 
ing oerlflin ycnrs or in rtfrtnin loniliti** Ux Uiom' rn4l<'s 
whidi were *Ue to conquer llioir mals, or were the most 
HttrJU'tivo tm tht' ff'iruiltw. u'ujIiI probabl^v hv lrM[i4itJiIIt.<ti 
to the otT^priniT. nnd ^ould not »ubfii?i|uiTnt]y be dimiiint«d, 
DuriDK tbt? fuccecdin^ ectwoD», whrn, from the counllt^ 

etPor^fr rir nnri* nttnL<?tlvc rnalca prov:ou*ly pToduued 
wuulil Hiill UavL' ut It-Abt a£ good B chnocc of Ic^TJnfc off- 
aprirp as the weakfx or loa* altraclive. 

ilU UM wciuld foliov from ail actual invqualUj in tl^e 
number of thr sciMi for if CAch mah urt^iLreji iwc or more 
femak'ft, niALy nkalee cannot [>air; and the lattpr unturx'illj 
will be Xhv wiiikiT ^r ksa attraotirt? m^ivjdual*. Mftny 
mnminnU nnfl Mmr few bird* mr pchx'iiiiouN Imt with am- 
iiihU li*>lfingjng to thp 1f>wor rluMPs 1 havf fniinH nn piviih*iUT» 
of thiH liLhlit, Th«' iDtollotluul iiouiTe) of tfUL-ti aniniol^ ara, 
[>rrhai>«, nol »iil1inrn1. tiv liiid thriii lo ccrllL-i-t. Ami K^^rtl a 
h»rpm of fpiim!rs. That pnin** n^iAtiEtii pvUls iM-lwri^n Jifdyg- 
aiuj aoii rh<.< dL-vuIirpmunt of flOcon'Jary iiKCMial ctiaract^r?, 
ftp)ipiini m'jirly trrtjiin; nml llii* MipfiDrlrt Ihr virw tliHl a 
numt'hca] propniiflornnciT of u\h\i* would bn pminrntly 
favourable {o the action t?f aexiEal t^l^tion^ Keverfbi'le^a 
trmiLj luiimuU, wlii^^h hit Birirtly iniimigamo;!)^, pAjiL^^ially 
binl*, ditpUr Krongly-mflrkod s^t^ondfln,' 8p:(Ba] eharaotwa; 
wlillat ioni« few auinials. wliich are ]>olyj;4imnue^ do not have 
HUi'h ehftmclent- 

Wo will HfFi brtrfly nin tlirough the mamnmK *od th^n 
turn to bird!?. Tlit t'ordU rctma to W pi>lj>nHO""u», ami thf 
mnle ditfrra eonnideraNy frnm \\\v f'^nial*'; pr- it \t- with 
*i'>mc hnboong, which ii^^ in hordo L->>utaimng twice an runny 
adiiit feiiiaiffl ha tiiJiIvH- In Soulh Amrrica llir M^^Uit 
cfiraifn ^in-^i-nXn w*JI-mArk<id wxnal diffCTVTicw, in enlour, 
bfard, ni^d rnr^] or^ran^^i ari^ xhv jult; i^fuenilly Uf:^ with 
two or (hnn^ ui*'*^: Ibe mnli' of ihi* f'rfu* /»t;>Hri"Ti»)i diJTen* 
«omuwhat from the femnl^, ard appcnn^ to (h* pMygJtmtvua.^' 

(nun, 'B-wdofj Joumtl *»r Nut flmt" 1. 1ift|. k 77. "n MtmIv. 1lfi\gffvr. 

ifij|,, un Qncnph- -KAtaiyculi.: fl^u^fCiUT* von r»n- 

Our. Vllt 

SHXl'AL SHtlXrriOH. 


Little a knata on this hcwl vith iT«pe^c1 to must otUvr 
Eiifijiki-}^. [mi soitit- «[M-i^tri in* Jirricllv mi>ii(tfrunjnif4, Thi* 
fumitmut' nri^ ritktUiitilv p'^lyf Anions, nml they [>n'?<i:nt t<r-X' 

of tiiAitiiiJiha; i]iif ii4>IiU ^ooil^ in^rtHjiiUIj' m their uvjipuriit, 
but aImi iti ^i\hvr chartintiTf- Mt>«t do«r, cnltLc, and ^htrp 
are jH~i|y|ja4ij(jii8 ; ai? arv iiii>pI iui1c-l>jj^t^. iJiuu^li ^i.riii(? ai'i! 
moni>^]]ioii». Sir Aniln;u- SmiOir in «|iiiU;iiig of the? bjiU*- 
lopcii of Si>iilb Afrits. mjTf Ihikl in hf-rdfn uf about a Jojtrn 
Uieiv HUH rnnrl^ wofv Uihil otti- iiiuitjn- Timli-. Tliv At'Lalir 
^n/i/i>pf Hdi^a uupoan to Lc the in-Mt ini>nlinuti* polv^u- 
uuM ill thr world; U.>x Tallju^" t<tali-^ thiil the iitair i)nvi.:i 
anay ntl rirals, ami *jrill*'i>!K a li?r»l of nbcut u iLUthtJivJ f^- 
iijiijw uikil kiijff to}^-thi>r: tlir; f<~iEiEi]r It h<inilcw and hoA 
jioftrr hdjr, IjuI diH^fi TLot i>thi-r«tiMi- difTir niLirfj fmiii \hr 
nialv. yh'} wlIJ liom*- uf th^ l-aJklaod Itljuidh and ijI th« 
V^t^ttrrn Statvi of fJ, America ii poJypimoiia, but, t':tciep4 
iti \i» ^miir'T MXfT ami in tU^ nro])ijrtiifii» of liiv lia*ly, ililTi-ra 
but little from thu nijin*. The xvild boar prv^uU wi>ll- 
Uiarlli'd fftiuiil i^harat^tvra, in ]u^ ^'rcflt tii;<k:i aiul toinv olber 
iHiiniK, In KurnfK' nml in \mV\a \w Ivmh a t^ltriiry lif<% i*i- 
cept <JvmiiL' tia* bm.-djii^* s^'iutuii; Itut oji is bcbtvod b) Sir 
W- tllUoi. Mho liit> hni] many iijiptrxiiiiltji-f^ hi [iidiii of ob- 
««r^ii)g tWii Animal, U« coiuottA at iLi* ^^oaod with several 
f^nuilcrt. W'hctlKT this hold« ^ood In l-hirom- w doubtftJ. 
bat it trt !Mi[i[H>rl«d bv »oiue L'%itViiiTF. The adutl Jiisl* 
Induti doi>lianl, Ukv The boar. poa»c« much of hi* Unic in 
eolitiiOi'i but au Dr. fampMl aIhIi'«, wlitti witb oLht-re, '* it 
lit nr* in fiml iiior'> cn\f mnh> irith n whkil^ hrrd of fe- 
meltfi;" thi? larirer malrs ^ipclliDir fir liillinx lb*' emaller 
mid wnikiT cmm. Thi* irnip diffrr* fnmi ihr fi<mjlr in hi* 
iuirnonee taak*, proatrr ?!».■, rfr'ti^rtli. and tndnrnncp; so 
jrre»t in the dlPTrrfm^ in Ihr**' n^^jHxl*. thai Hit maU'r^ wbtti 
rnn^t are vslnwl nt on^flfth morp than ibr frmalo*-*' 
nVie oe'soa of fvlber pai-hyiltrmulfiii^' anirnnh diifc^r very littl« 
ar iHit al all, ind, aw fur *& kruiwri. Ibi-y arr mif imUirattiirld. 
Nor hire I hooni of anv spt^^if* in tho Ordi-r* <if rh<*iio|w 
tora. Edentata, Inawliirora ftud Bod^nU bein^ poljgamoua, 

(roL iiL IMS, f. UJ) f'«v « lata* 

' Pr»- Auilic' 80B. of BttDnln' Hay, 




r*Atf iL 

«xc'C|iiitig LhaL rtiiioii^'wl flu? riocknU, til*- fnnimciii r»l, n^ 
conliufl lr> camtj THi-ttiXchvft^ Ijvi?a with ^tvt^iI fenuiL«s. 
N{rvtrlhd<?«» ihr two ^xi?8 of ftujiiie t-hAiia (VAvniaVi) JilT^^r 
ill ibt' r}itinki.'U'r urid rnliiiir tjT i:erEuEji pulchiii rjf liair on 
thfir rJj*iuSO<*fT.*' Atkl many kindf of bat* ((.hoimptcro) 
pre*!*!!! iHrll-raarltril K'Mml (lilTrifnco*, chk'% in \he mal™ 
j(n(ifti^4*Hjng ndrtnff'ToiiB glsruU ami poutho*. uiiJ by tlu-ir 
ijciii>: <>f u li^tUt-T oolour,'* hi the grcnt order of Itodeats. 
Wb fnr N> I <Mii [itirii. Ilir KrKi>« rai^lv dilfir. and vth^a they 
do »o« it i» hut iilight.lj' in the tint oi the fur. 

Ah I ht*ar from Sir Andrcv Smith, the lion in Sonth 
ArHrn vonirlimoi Vtvvti vrith n Mngli^ fi^miil^. htil generally 
wtth m*tTi>j noi}, in out} eit^e, w&a fmind-wUb a» uuiy dh 
five fL-nmk-a; n^ thul hr l-t i^olyifranim^t, A:> TnT ni^ T ciin 
difin>vi'r, hi' is (hi* itn\y jMiUgsmJiil jujinjiffpit all th** iprree- 
tria) CArnivora, und he ii1l>ii(^ pTYM<uta woti iirurtfi-d dc.\iial 
charucti'is. [f. }jouvti-r, wt- Iwrn 1o thf? ninrixir rjirnivorii, 
n* ut' *h[ill hf^'iifii^r tep^ ihr ratt Ib vidply *litTr-ntnt; fnr 
ttinrj f^ijccu'* of ^(^al^ otTer cxLrttordinnry HL'Jtviol ilLlK'rt'nct«« 
ttlid ttn'X hr*' cHiinc-iiMv polyx'unouiL ThtiN iicirrfiiirg l*> 
P^roii, thu miilo iu*n-4>lqthtkiit <>f Iho Sf>uth(rm Occnn fllwAVK 
frot««.-ra(*« »rvorfil fc-tiiAl<'^, and tli« ec^a-lion of Fontor ia tmd 
to In* surrouiuji'd liy tt\t\ti Iwcrify to thirty friiudi-.v To Qw 
North, thi- may wriihotir of Strlkr in acoompntiiml ly ^vcii 
a ]trri'^l<^r [lUTnhor nf frtiiulte. It it aii liilcrejttiit^ fa<U m 
1 Ir. (till n^Injt^1l^.'* thiit in t)t<- itloiio^<}Iiiii>ijf< Hjn^rltis. *' i>r 
t^icvr liTinji in tninll i^ommunitioii, thriv U hitlc differeneo 
ju flM^ U'lui*(*u the iiiaIi-» and fLrnaK-^* in tJL<- »ocia1 ajK-cif«» 
or niThi>r iht«i» of ahjj?}i rhi* rnal4« har^ turema. Ui^ maW 
itrn viwtly Inrifcr tlian the fonuk^ti." 

Amoii^'Ml hMh, many s]>cci€s, lUo »exc* of whicL dllTeT 
^rtjatly from loich other, are certainty niono^»niou«. In 
fJreat Pitlain wc ?rc wcll-murltccl si^Mifll diff^mnctHV for 
iMtttnriri.*. tn lit*- ifliUJMliu-k v^htch pair> w ilh a ^tri^li* friiisTe, 
[ho mmtfinri liljirkUird. unit Uw hnlllmdi vhicti ia said to 
[Wir fnr ]iff». T am iiifiirino'l l*y Mr, AVnllanr tlmt tin- like 
in Inre of the C'hcilti'ri'r* ivr rotiigida* (»f Snath Auirrim, 
an<I ol Tiiany othi'r Ijinh, In fctcnil ^•I'uiip*' I hav* not been 
alilc U' iliftuv^T wJu?LlitT lUi- sr-ci^ic* nrr pulytiamoiHi or 
tnonc«air>(Miii. U-mou my* that blrdi of pHraJiup, wi rpmark- 
ahh h->r their b^-iuaI diffrrriire*, arc polypicuou^, but Mr> 
Wallui-e ilnuhts whether he had iulTlcieiit evfdrmv, Mr. 


uSh Elf; IMwnV tiH«tlvni ]« vdW v«], iv., Jw, 1971. 

tTtuv. VHL 



Salvin tdU mv he hiu ln-r-n M lu b^lirvr llvat Uiimming- 
IhtiIa an^ pok^Rioni^' The- hiaIc uiibn-lkifil, rrmnrkiiM* 
for lim cnutlai pluin^, c(>HaJti1;ir PcertiA lo bv a poly^Aiiii^t-** 
1 hdnf 1»roTi uKturvfl liy Mr >ti^nti«r UVir Anil bv otliet^, tUat 
\i i^ ^i)!!!^^)'^^ (^'ittiiton for thrio n(iiTliTi>.-if to frequent the 
sumir iit^t; tut ^(Iji^lhirr lhi» It a cam* of jioij^ray or poty- 

The <!(illirnn-jr i-xhibil ulmoit lu* MtrorijcW mjLrk<'d w^x- 
uhI ilifTereii^'i^ U8 linl^ nf ]knTJLtllm' or lnjTiimJii}>'liiTtth. ai^d 
manjr oF t}i« iruccUifl arc. s« i« w(<]l kno^'n, pofy^riKnia; 
othm Wtng vtrirtly tnoaognmou^ What a <onlruf1 U prv- 
w^t^d lielivecu ih^ hpip* of Ihr luily/mnoii:* |>cMr'CK'k or 
^eDAant, mid tho maiko^!aDicii0 f^nHt-f^^rl or i^aKnii^I 
Mixiy ^iniiliiT cujo^ti cnukl W- >fiv^ri, an iu fhL- ^mu^r tribe, 
in «1>ifh th*" ii*iil*fl i"»r Ihi* polygifno"* rnf^-rmilxi*' uml hlii^k- 
Cock (LfTiT v^^utly from tht' lofjiulv^; M'liitsl tin wsi'S of the 
imini'jjrtiijckmi n-*I j/imur nml ]i(jniii>;n:i dilfiT vi-ry Irltk'- 

offer FftTouvly-riiftrkL'J tKrxmil ■hfTtTL-iK't^^ &m\ Ihu fftvnt 
l)tii<lnnl ((Hit tnrda^ i^ miilI In hi- [ujly^iiuitut WiUj tin* 
lrr«llaton«, OKtr<rm«ly frw ^ppcio* <fitlrr »>\i]Ally, tittt tli« 
ruff (Jlffw^/M /lu^wx) afforjfl a markiHl f?xcci>tioiK aik) tUia 
Kpivira » Ic-lii-trO liy Xftiiilnx" t» I**.' > )>4i)y^niiii«t. Elt-ntw 
(1 Kp|»Air« iUxi ntanixiTSt hirflE thftro v^rt^-Ti <>Ki*T:i fL clow ro- ' 
tatiuu lN.-LMt.vri pi<l.\;:a[uy and IIk- <l«vt.'Iup:iie]it t>r itrougjy- 
iuark<-il «i-\iial ililT-r^-Tii'i^. 1 iinhrfl Mr. H^itHlMt. jkf iUv S^cto. 
Li>j;ir«k Ijfiiili'tif* whfi hflj hnd von" Urp' ci^pmcnce with 
IfinU. qU'tlic-j- tfi? tiiali' liu^-fj|iai] {vae of ttif (ialliiiKora*) 
kjw polynia TTiOJH, &i](j I na-i ulriiL^k by IiJc *iiJ*\i'orin>r. " I d*> 
net knov, liui .-(hniiE^I think iv> from Kin ^pknJi'J ci.>lMUt^** 
It ilrniiTviv riiiliLi- Fftnt iJit- iik>tiii<.'f of |Mirin>- wilh i 
ftiiiflo fi^male IS easily ki*t viiidi-N- domotticiUion. I^h^ wild- 
iluct 15 HtnctJy [tnuioiTAinoQiiv the dora»?fr1ic-dDck Ui^'tilx 
(M>ly|{iininij^. Tin- Ilc^. W. 1\ Foi inforiTiK iiu' llml nut 
of j:otii4^ hntf'tatTiixl uiKI-ihfrkft. on n lArjri? p<*^>) ■■> '■'* 
nvi^hbourhond, ao nuuiy mftlhnU wo-rt> flhirt by tho j^me- 
kLi<|H'f tbur inily nnn wa^ ]pfl for ov*^ry «ov«-ii or oi^fhl fo- 
mnl*^; y^t (jriiMiLklfy birj^- Urtxnk* were rvAir^l. The ^ujikq- 
fowl 14 atrjotly 11)11 iuib^niL)u»: bill Mr. V^\ fliidb lliit httt 
Liinl* MUivc^l U*i rthm b<? kwpe one cook to tvo or thj 

"'"■1 , lt&.an ULTil/riaibt BirJt of 3ir«l(-H,'l*«r 

I'" ilH AH p. fv. tn4 m^ MdiUru nJi^i J^^tls^ 





Vaux IL 

tu HA. C'diiAry-birtU ptir in a rtotc of natnic, but \hr- brcvd- 
i^n in Hnglrtiirl ^uivM^full^ put on« niat« to Twir iir ftve 
ftfmaW. 1 httvo noilytf'J Uti«e camw. aa rvndenn^ it prob- 
able IhnI wiltl inonn^mnu)! Apc'C^iey miffht rvadilr ticcoitie 
v>it}n»r f,Ptii]iorHrlI} ur p<»nii8n*>nTly |iol\gHmmu- 

Toci litilv iri kl]u^^lL of ihi> IiuLiIe^ ut rcpTile» and lbho8 
to iMi»bTc> iiH lf> »|H<nl< of thi'ir inarriiiKc arnuijfcin^nb. Tfic 
Klickl(--I)]i('k <4iLit.ii»roAt<-iu), houi-ivr. in itaid 1o lu> ii ^nUygii- 
tiiitl;'' flJiJ Uiv iiialt< during Lbe lireediD^ ^Q^oii dilTera 
can^l-iTniniLtljr frcjiii the friiiul(\ 

To i-um tif> on Tlit> ntPKriH chnnigh trhkh, oa far ok u't> 
con jud^. w'xiial iylttlior; ba* lotl lo tliv development ot 
wvm\i\ttry n'vunl Hinnu-lrn*, It Iiil* Utu i*lu"wn tliRi Uut 
Ur^t mimlnrr of vigktri:ti:ir nffKivring vill li« r««re*l frotn 
the pulriiii; <j( ihv .-trvjti):^t tuA beot-armcd mal«A, tidori- 
bu* ill rini|L'<]* ty\trt (iiUvr mjilr-*, witfi IbiT modi vi^uruus nud 
bcfft-nouriHhvd fcmnlofl, which ere llie tirst to bri>«i m llic 
tiprjiiji:. If Micb fi^umlen a^kcl xhv lucri' n11ratiiv».\ n»tl at 
uw> Himc tiinr vigorauib nuiti^ Ibi-v will n*ixr » lar^i^r imm» 
W of <>lfKpnD^' tbiin tbe n^ltirded fMiial««, vUivh mnel pair 
wilb the Itas vif^uruuA am] h?*H aUi-attiivi' main- Su it will 
kw ir thc^ morp vlifntMUfi inub^ M^b^i-I tlu* more ntlnictivo 
end at the aanic tiiuo lieAlth^ and vig^irous fcmal^fi: and 
iht* Will Mpi:'L'ihUy ]jolJ j^ooi! if tUe iriiile ilefentls tlie ft-ifiiile^ 
and kid» in pmvuhn^r foa^ for Ibo vmin^. The iuhiintAjc» 
ihu* ^aitir^d l»y 11k- mure vi^ix*u8 [laim in rearin:- a Inr^-r 
Duailrertif ulTuprinit hint nppitrt^illy utilVii-i'il [f» ri-nd'-r H-iiial 
«i?]rctinii rffji'jfnl. [lot a IftrfiC ngm>.*ni'<il viivpniidfrftnoo- 
i>f ttiolA OUT fifmuli^'i will l>e still lunr*' HlVieni; *Iiethtfr 
the pivfioTidftmncD in naiy o?<<uioiinl and UictX, ur jientia-H 
ncDt; vihcfliiT It <ic<-ut^ At lirlh, or afti^rwardi^ from ihe 
grcHk-r dt-iIruHioh at Hie feiiiflltH; or vrhi*tht?r it ii;din!Clljr 
follcwv from 1Ji<f praotiro of poly|i^iny. 

The MaU ^neraUy morf mtutififii ihan ihe Ftmalf. — 
Throu^fhout the nr^imal kingdom, vhcti the t^jn'i ditfer in 
external ap|»ea[uikii'. ti t?. uillj raw t-xc^ptiuun. thi* male 
ttbirti hat l>wii ihe nwra moijifiwl; for. iccnoriiUy, Ibo fe- 
iajU« rHoiim ti cinjirr rejcntblonc^- to ihp yourji: of her own 
siiccio^, am) lo t)tht<r niiult rni.-»ilK^r^ of tbe Niiiie group. 
Tbe catiBe of lliit K'cimt la hi- tn the mulM of ilaiod dl 
onituol^ hoTinb: ftrongcr (ifwii>>nA thon tb<^ fenmica, IIenc9 
it i« the ma]e8 that tight tt^elber and fti^duloiisly dlflpUy 

ir. Vllh 

8KXUAL U8I4»1*ll>N\ 


their ohann^ l^fore tltr fen^aU«: inf] lli^ vjcton lTftn»mit 

^wir riUfj^Hurilv lo thivr n^ulf ijirf<|>rinf-, Why IhjIJ) ta^XLtt 

Ho Hut IhUM fttviuinr ibu duimU'rv of Ihdr fmUiorv, vjll [hi 

>ii'i<lcnxi Iwrcnftcr^ 'Vha\ thv i»ak-« of aII inauiiurtlfr liq^li- 

ly i^vrAni^ ili^ fi?fiTa!«« U roloff()u& Ii] i'verr one. Sn ji U 

'ith banb; but i]iati\ <!(ick linlEi i!o nnt iiu muHi pur^iio 

ben. w tlk^plaj Ihcir |ihiiiiA£4'> pvrfoiiti fli-ai]^-!* luiLit^B. 

]d poiir forih rhoir »<>n^< ii: iK-r |jrv>iL-iioo. Tiic tiuilo in 

\iv ft'w Q*h ohotncd ow'tnA murli rktc cotter liian llic fc- 

[fiinlr-; um) the fflii»T i« tnii- of Hllijfnino. am] aiiixirditl)' tif 

E«traehfan». Tfart>ii^houl Iho Lviormoui l-Iau: i>f mi^oi'U, 

aa Kirtijr nrai^rkn/' "the bw iji, tlint the male shnll ec'fk 

,thi' frtiiAU'-" Tun jijiooit jinlhoriiii^, Mr Blai:'kuji1l an<] Mr 

J, Spenoo Bate, ttU tnc tLai Uk- mali^ or Mfjulk^pj a^i iruft 

are inbrc nctir^^ nitil rnorr rrrnti*' m thrir hitbitK IIlhh 

tmiiW. Whj^ti t'lf oTgHTfcfl fif i-iftHfl nr I'lCi'Nmfilion aiv 

■Hi ja tli<* uno m-ic of inBii-\a itml miatiio^iTiD iir^rt uliui^iit 

m ihr Dlhrr« <ir whcii. nji U fni|iLHi]h thi- rxuv thry ar<^ 

iKin' hjjjfhiy A-vi'li^^fmii in Ihr rno iliuii in llni 4'ttlj<*r, it ie. 

ftr ^» I t-«[i iiisi:j>¥r, ^IhiobI iinariftMy ibe m*i]i- wliidi 

ttrwi; Hint th<» mal^ 18 tho mofc flctiv-o momW in Uip court- 
lip of ihe*'* 

Tttr fL^uiHlo, on Uip oih4*r Iwni). with tho ntnvt nxn*fj* 

!«Dft, i« Ion gogor Ihon the ihaIc Aa the iUu4tn<»u4 IIud- 

*r" hiug ag« oWrviHi, *ht- irriK-rallj - ri'i|iiiri"a tu W 

lurliHl:" iihu in puy, inul may "flL-ii I* m-c-h (■ml^uvouriiig 

Tor ji I<»ng timf tv^ OW!i|>f fmm thr ninlo, Kvirv <>Ji?orf<^r 

if llif lLull1l^ of uniuLbix nill In' aIiU' 1u nil! tth tiiidi) iminiiivs 

thi* timi- It iv shown hy vuHouk fiiv't*, givun hi-ivaflirr, 

i(i J>y thf^ r>]-£(ihf fiiirly ottnlxit^lflc io K'xiial ft^h^ction, 

lat th« feniAk, l)tiiit>;l^ ivimgicii-iitiTfK |m^vf<, ^fiicnillj' 

Effrtu «oiiir i-h(ji(*(T rtr*! iK-fk^pt" attf mule in pfurirn^niv to 

ihcn. Or rlie in&y d<'^|>t, as Apfxiinirc^ wnuld «rintctimt« 

Ld ui l<x b«Utrvt-. nut Iho iimk' uhich Ik ihe iiiii«t uMrurtJv^ 

JitT, ^ut the one* vrhWh \t thr UjiaI chntiutiful- Tho ex- 

>• Kicbj aiiJ 9]i*rLc«. 'loIiuluL-liuri 

lu 111* rkiliL » tiir mnJo fw ruiU- 
'iii*rv •^tifi, ti'ii jmur 4iiiii- Oip 

tIP lit qIu'Ki if I* 'f-rii. *i"i-[ iiii> 
mule hM «vlI-i|aiaL^^|rAl fi^fljfB. All' 

«» hapfogiMiivJ by Uid duUb 

oliii'li arc bmn ^n lJi« Mine tAU utih 

rtn«i> Ut T^ii. I '. n.l of 

tfir' hiiiL*. i* ' I . r 

•« KH«Jn :i. 1 I ■ Ji(&l 



Pajtt U. 

^Eozi r>f t6irL«^ chuicc on tLo p«H of tlio foTDuk nonu a Uw 
iiliijiitt us ^^iictiil OB the ta^vrne^ of tlie male. 

\Vt» niv nnruntlLj' ftd to 4-iiqiiirf- uhv l)ie aift)^. In so 
inunv fiEid each distinct cIJiK^r^, iiaV' tH-'t'nmt* luarv tfA;c^T lUaa 
[\iv fi'iiijili-. Ml timt lit' M^iirL-li4« for iivi, ami fjJoi^ Ihc Dioro 
ftctiw |iurt in ruitrltiut>. Il noitld l>e ti>i tuivuntnge Ami 
toinu Yitti (if \yov,*T if cich iH^x ticiirciLod fur IUl< uther; but 
wli> ^hoLilO llif iiialt^ uliucbL olwavs Uc Iho wckcr? The 
ciTult-t cf |^la.nU nfUT fortiiiutti^ii litLv« to W mujn*1ked for 
a tiiiLc: lionee lh^ jioUrn i« iLoi^rd»An]y brou^ltl lu liter U-uiaIc 
or^HiiK— U-iri^ |i|ji(vi:l on (Im* '■ti^niu, \iy rm^iti^ itf iUM'i'iJt or 
Uui vtiiul, or Tj\ the ipoDUuuoufl DiovemenU of il)«> Htnmctiii; 
tnt4 in liic Alims Ac. hy llii; ItKomolivo power of tlit' an- 
tlu-]'<iv<toit]R. With lowlj'-nrgnniHtfi lujnxlu- uiiiinnlsv ^vr- 
niuiunUy allixvd io thi* Bume e|)Ot ancl hoving th*ir wxoe 
fi-IiniAtc, Uic mnlc ricnirnt U invarialily brou^-ljt lo tlie 
ff^mnlp; flTifi <»( thitt wc ran hpp Ihr n'jwnn. fur i*vt*n if the 
o\« w^TL' Jt'lUL'fkiid before fcrtiti^tion, wni <li(l not ivqiiirc 
»ij|iii"i|m'Mt iiounpliuiciit or |>rut(.-cliuii, lliiTt uould vl'I le 
gjvslcr (lirlu-ullv in imntporling thi-m thrin ilu* uuili- elt- 
nii-iit. Ixijuum;, U-inj; lar^'ir iJian tht lotL-r, ihcy urir pro- 
clidcfj iTi far KniHlltrr nunilififL Bu llml Jiianj i»f lli'? luwti 
animjiU jifi*, in lliisi ruMjKf.'l, anuloi^uuit wiih \t\uiUV The 
inalT*» of alTiJioU and aiiuatic Aniinnls having been led to emit 
thvir ferttli?(iiij- ck^nient in lliiii wajt. it J^ iiatuml tliat any 
of tJj«ir 4l«»c('niLxnti^ wliidi roiu> lu Uic voaLc und Lk>c«mL' 
locomotive, should rclAin the «inn' habit; ond l.h(*y wonid 
aplirottdi ihp foniiiK' a* rW^-J^ ii> pok-iijt:', in "r»lt»r lua In 
risk tlitf Itjprt of IJii' ri-rtiliMUK clt^uii^rii in » lou« |jfl[*-iii:*> i>f il 
ibrrju^li Ibc wiUi-r. With *f>tav ffw of 1iL<' mwrr aniuuU, 
lijt^ fi'nialt^f^ jilthTio HIT t\xi*t\. nnd i^it"* ?Tm|i^h nf lIu'U' mutt 1m< 
till' owkt^rs, JtuF il ij dLltjiiult lu uiidi-niluud v^by Ihi' nuiKvi 
of MpwiiffHT of nbk}k lUv fmtjfj'nitujfi wi-rt' pnmoiilijilly frrr, 
(•hoiild invflj-iaUv Imvc Aoqnir'd Ihe haliit of apprimrhing 
the fc-maU'N in&t«id -jf bt-in^' a|»|>ri>afh<^l by Uicm. But in 
all emM-f^ in (tnltT lb»1 tlu- iiLn]i-« thiinLI u^'k cfHric^iilIy, it 
wnuld ha ncci^a^rv that ih«y elionld }m ^ndnw<^l with strong 
pu^ii>nd; ajid lliv aot^uiniiieiil of nuch |>dkMiouF would liatlt- 
nilly fi)Mow fnmt ibr riion* vn^-r b'nvin^ n Ijir^i^r numlEf uf 
off^nriD^ tUafi the lf«« oagcr, 

rbe gmt ««£WQO«a of tlie irtuln liai thus indlrecUf 
led to tnvlr mum tuore fnK]U4fntly dftvirlnping w<:ondAry 



■narkA, * Tflball ilvh 1JL4 i»Lna hvL d*r 
VeniDiiFDri/ uijt, . . did ftnilan 



difXuul f-IiAncU'r^ tlun l^ic fnnnl<^«. Hut the Jcvclopomit 
fkf uicfi choTurtrrs woiilil hv ninth ajdeJ, if 1)>e riide* wvue 
jituni linliiiT ic Mity ih^n ihv fcujul*^ *aM 1 viKKJuUfd ihey 
wva< — oTWr a luit^ fttiid> of duRioticatnl nniniuU. Von 
NatlnifiliUy vrtio has Iiati very wii^ f-xiu-ri^i^cv^ u Mrongl^ 
of tlir f«Tiic o)iiK[oo," [foo'i (?v)diTU(?v nLK> iii favour of lUw 
njHi'lutioTi i-iiv* Ic jirfnltti.vl t>¥ ii comjmriiioii of thr two vtM^n 

lirr i»f nicanLjivinv^il^ wu* iHAiK' i*f tarioin tfliria of Uic body 
ia liilTcrtni r&ct-^ ami llic iiihi urn^ fituniJ in aIiikes^ cwvy 
QMu to urMvDt u pn'Aier raiig« of ranalicn than Ih^ women; 
bul I snjll hAVL- to necar to tlii« euUj«ct ill u filturv cbu|>- 
trr, Mr Jh Wow)/' whn tiHK t^iirc-fiilK' aUnniJiHl In Lbi? 
vuriiUiOB ot Uh' mu^'tev in luau, puis in itoliof the aonchietoD 
thill " tlif! tn^-aL?flt numtM-r c>f atjoioru^lilifii m i^i^h avl^jvct 
U foun<] in ih<* mn]»/* Uf haii |>r'^i-imu;ly r^itiJirkcvl tiMt 
" alloj^HiiLT in W£ DXiUjtiU^ fL« varielic? uf nHlunlancy were 
fciuuk) tt> lir h^ll ]iH riJiTty n^niji jii^ in fi:!iual«!t, niiiLtraatiii^ 
Widely ^I'ilh tiw j^rost^r frft"ju*n(-y "f (iffirkmy in fi'malo 
ttfurr iUTuriJftd." !'ruft*«.»r Mmaliali^r iiki:T*ist tvuiark**'^ 
thfll VflHiitinnA in tlir iiiu«rUK " an* pmtwhly ninn- (<niTTim(Ki 
itt mal^ th;kn foinftlM/' UurUiii innaclw which ak not 
nonimlly [>rv-«^il in mflnkinrl nrr kIm) ixtare fnMiuciaily <!«' 
T#lD|j«d iu thf rruifo thin in ihp f^mnl'* rinc, uUhongh i-ii^rp- 
lioun Iu 11ii« riih' ^iru* »ai<l io u««ur I>r- UurT Wilflrr'' Las 
lahuhltcit thr <uMr> (if 1.^2 iiHlivhlnjiU uilh sfupr^runnit'iurj 
<(igitXi **f nliith Si; were iubU*=. aivl 31*. <»r l<^»i lUnn tmlf. 
fctiialt-!*, lIu- nAijiiliiDj; '^7 U-in^ of uiik»uv\ii WJI^ II tfhuuld 
UOt, iinur^rr, |jr «vrrlc)i>ki'i! tlmt Kiimrn HcUlM !Pon* ffr- 
qucfilly a-ii'loaviMir ti> cono^Jt) & tM"Tnnty i>f thi^ kiiul (hati 
nicii. A^aia, Ur. L. Uticr UNPtrla ihrtl tlir car* of mm) aw 
tuDrv vannltlr m form F.hnr IhiiH- of a voman " liOilly the 
tMnp^tiiro 18 m^To variflhk in mnn lliflr in irorimn,** 

Til* vnutte at Ihi? grrflii-r jTi-m-ral rnnalHlily in ihu inaV 
m-x. ibun in tht* fi^nulr iit utilnown. i^x<:«pt in mo for U4 mm.-- 
ihiitUry M-Mul rlMntctt^re are cAtraordintthly VDiiatK% &ml 


B'k'lv dtr S«vtf«: Anihrnpnlor 
Wn c*^^k^l lit Vt. W»|iJ<*ili iVifn 



Julv, IMl |.iv j-ia bbU t«4^ 

— Uw Mu-t H'^Mi. .^(K & IBM, p,il. 
"'AtihW far rnk AuL kcil 

1 >ri. ^4M 

:>:. J. sii«i.LMi Iti'iiirV.i'ij ibv 

l*'f-l-Hr«>iar* L*' mui, am fi««n d' lit* 







(irv unuatly conlinvd ti the matc«: and, a^ we ihall urcKcnUv 
Bco» Ihiff fnct i^ U [» cTfrtflin extent, intelligible. rhrou^En 
llio Artion of fvxnul ami iLaiiiral >4'Wlicj[i niHle snlinala hnvi* 
Ufi-^u rc'nd*r«l m v^ry iDany iiutanOEtf wiJcly ihElvrtmt from 
their fcmolf*; W ir>fle(":iirli,-ntly of »rlcctii>n the twv »exe*, 
from iliff^riug rimfilitntionally, leml U^ vary in fi iwiiieohat 
dilTtrt'itl maiim<r^ 'I'lii' female* hajt lo ^'xpcml much cjr)(iirtio 
flintier in thr- finurttion of her cvo. whereas ihc male tx- 
iMkdamtJrh r>ree in fi>'rc-^ eonlHt^ Willi liiB livals, tti nriiu- 
flflrtttjC aliout in rtnnli <if tlr Urnnk', in i^terlinic lii» Toiee, 
|Muiriiix 'nil i>ilorifi-nnu« Mcrr-tiiHis Ac: and this fipeniji- 
tun? H )£f<nera1ly conepnlrslc-d vithiii a ethort periods The 
grcut vigour of thr male during the nrjiKon of love K<enu 
tttivn tJi intpnHify hl^ cviliiiirK^ inrlppr-ml^ntly nf nny mark^ 
dilTenoifre from tho female." In rnaTikiu*!. and ev*u oa low 
filial) in t^r ornanio seak aji in ihr l^ipifToptrm, Ihr lorn-* 
jirrniiifp <-if thr l.mly is hight^ in the luaW tlian in Ih^ i^ 
mak\ fK^'Ouiimmed m lln- C'liBt* i>f man t)j a nlowor pulae." 
On thr V hoir ttir i^npi-rivHturr of tnnlt'T and forrr hy lliir 
tan KfXPs U prr>lin>*ly n'^ai'^y eqnaU l^o^^^ <^ff^ted in v^ry 
ditftn-iU ways and at Jrffc-rcnt mti-s, 

Kmm till- £-niwrK jufit uprilUnl Ihr Iwo witr* iiin hardly 
fail lo dttTer fc<>nieivhat in conititntioD, at li^ast durjii^ ihe 
bn?i^din^' suuton; and, althou^li tlicy may be nubjrct^ to 
(furlly Ihn tRinc rnnditinni;, thoy u^ill ivntl tn vsry m a 
difff^nid iLa&nor. If 8i:ieh variati<>Ki4 are of Do Berrieo to 
dtht-r .M^x. they will imi U; ni('niiiuUtc<l and inen-^aivd by 
<itxn»l nv natiirul »elflClion, Nnvorth'>lw»^, Ihoy may bucrooM 
pcniiantnt if \}iv v}t<:]i'mg eaiinc nets permaneiitlv: and >& 
iu.^>rdanri- niih ii fri'i^m-nl Utrtn at iithrtUmuv lln-v nwy 
b? Imn'ntittf^d r<k Ihat wx nlom* in vhic^h thi-y Sn^l nppvaroiL 
Id UiiTf c-<u? tlic two KrXfB will C'lfnio to prtf«eDt |jcnnaiiefit» 
yi.'t nfiJiitpurTjtnl, difTtTMnriv nf chanLcfrr. Fntr Entdaruw, 
Mr. Allrn ^rws tJist with d lance nnmbt^r of birtk inhabiting 
tl^ie nurlheni and BuutUem UDilal Staler, the Hpecimeiks 
froTU tbti vouih an> dark^r-colouivi) thftn IIlokc' from the 
n<krlh; and iW\n seems to le the ditiH:t result of ihr' dilTcr- 
uijuv ilk tcjupcrralurv, light, &l'., U-tweeu the two ro}jioD«. 

«r Ihfl *f«TnitAa flqid: t.ul it'i* ema 

bMit for ijuuae* rvuutr irhtwAai^ 

bHvnw Idtfhitr iXi^ouiV'l lit tlis bH' 

oq| KMfitd; IM«^ p. Ml. 



€**f- Via 



Now, in («Dii* fen ciuefr* ibe tiro ^ie« of tli« Mme 0p«ciee 
Htip^Kr t't liavi* lurii (lilTrrv'iilK HlTedol: in Ihi* AffUtwM 
/^rtiWtM Ihr lunW hnv^ hnd Ihrir rolour^ ^rc^tljr trtcnHi- 
tm] in I)r' -mitli; whirrt'u^ vijIL Cat\iimiitt nrj^mtfEiiiM it jA 
tho fciTiALrj whidi hDtr tvotk (liUd hiro4.-1'.Hl; Mith ^»rJiyi/H« 
pfij/i>f the fntialc^ hn^f hp[:n rrnilL>rvd cxlmncly iitriitlo 
in liiil, Uklulfll \hv Mi«lr> r>'m«iii n<-ftr]y uniform." 

A few oxfvf>tiona1 i.-aiVk occur in vtiftfiiii cU^fiH of anJ* 
nuU, in which th«- frmiUcv itij*tuad of the molcv h«re ncs 
quirv<1 n'^ll prtinoiinf-w! HPtomlBJjr H'KiiJit chrtnic<rr8, *«ch 

brighter voloiirss, ^-ivrttt'r erat-, rtri^ujfth, or itil^jnadty- 
^th iiirtJh rliCTC hjv Kontrtimr^ (m^i^ a complete tnu^dpufti- 
foTi of The oT'linflrv rhMnu'lctK prr>|irr lo fwh m-i; !h*' 
ft^iuivn hnririt^- (kvoitu' lh« DQurt- ca{«er m coTirl&lnp. the 
mnli'^ mifcfliriiitji; r'irM]»nr[itivr|_v ]ia>*i>e. hut ni'iiaii'iiUy ?■> 
lifting the niore allrsciiTc f*?inal<>-, as w mny inff^ fmm 
the r««ii!l«. IVwUin hen bifd* han- fLu^ ]jt*ea rendered moro 
highly tnlriurrd or i>thi7nvi>r ontnmeiitoit, a uvU ^ mons 
povk>rf»l ^nd fiuffnacioufl than 1I10 coi-k«; thi^e* (.^hnractcn 
win^ IfBiiflimlteif 1'> 1I1C ffiualc r>fT0|intig aJcn^. 

It niftj lir mipj^Im! fhflt it! Mimi' nuv-* a dottlik* pnumi 
of PoWtion hnF Iktu i^irricd on; thut Iho tnflW Havu rc- 
IccI^ the niorf Htlnnttivo fi-LiTdli.'^, uiiiJ IIk^ luttci' the more 
attnctiif' JimW Tht!i iimnfoi, tiuwciiT. Ihdii^h tl rni^^ht 
lc*d (o the nn*di!i(-fltioTi of Mh w**(V, umild noi innfc** tho 
ocic ecji dilTrn-Dt fi<>iii thv <rlhf.-r> unli^ itiriccHl thi'ir iasXm 
for the befluiiful dtlTL-r^i bin thiv i« a HT]|i[i>jHiitoii t<jo im- 
prolmblc to be Korlh conAidc-riiig in the i^tuc of uny AnintAl, 
^JtccptiDg mno. Thcrf sk^ Iidwctct, jujiti> aiiiinab in whidt 
ihe wx«« rcaeoihlc i^<'h <irh«*r^ Tjolli htttig ftimi>h«r1 with Iho 
ft*me 0TtiuinfatA> nhieh unnlo^y ivnitld M'l uk to mttributc 
Lo thff "jcimcj of MTXiml H*l-viifin hi furh (.a^-h ii may be 
Anggwlpi] with iTL<>rc |>1aii>4l)>L]iiy. that tlll^re h4i» been A 
Joiihle oriitiituji] pr«ocM< of «>%H4i sdnt u>tj ; t hi* wore njtor* 
ouv And |in^iiirif«i* fi'tunliv n^lci'liTip thr mrjrc' attT:t*-tivf and 
<ngoroop mnkf, th<i ]Mi*r rejecting all T*Kiv|jt Iht nma' ut- 
Irftctivc ftiralev Bi.i from whnt «*^ know rf the hnhit< 
of HTiiituilv Ihw virw ik hiinHy prnlkihlr^ for i.hp msAr is gi^n- 
«ralJy cn^nr to pair with any fcnojo. U ia mcrv jirohftbl^ 
tliat Uio (irhftDieuU trncimc^r to lictth sL-Am wi-m ncqnirrd 
Iw oDo iwx, |[c*nrm1]y th^* mnU% and Ihi-n Imnvtnilr*^ to ih« 
oRrprinjt of holh texn. Jf, indeed* dLtniif- a ich(;tliaie<l 
penml Xlw injile* of nny aqieciitt wi-n- ^jmilly In cxt-iifiil Ih*? 


■ 'Htnn-iljarbl tlu^AfR rkndC^ «U,n(lL,«M, 




fcmftle^ in number, flnd tlicn during ftDo1h«r knj^henfd 
pcri'Hj, hilt iiiidcT 'lilTcrcrt coniJir}on>, \hv rcvcfw wwc to 
oroiir. H <loullc% lull Thil HlmnliHMnM^?-, (irnri'^m tif »r;ii]j|l 
iwkctir>n DiEf^ht iM^il^' \i^ inirriiHi on, by ubioh Ihu t^«'o :^oxm 

\W Abjil] hprv-jifipr >4io ihtit mjiny flnimAU rsEmt, of uliJt^h 
Q^ithO' Aox i« linlliUQtlj I'oloTjrt'd ur E>rotid(.'ii with efrevial 
orrmmfatl*^ wid yH Ihr mrmbrrw of both spxihi or of onf 
alone hflvc probably a^i]i]ir^H fimplv eoU>iirK, j;uch hk vliitR 
t?r blHok. thr^u^'li ivi^tk\ aelttliun. The abr^^iK'ij of bright 
Lintsi ni nthrr itmnmrntai tuny hr 1W result cf tariatiuiis of 
Ihp ripljt kinH ik«vor having cnrurrx'd^ cr of thp iittmuiU 
th^'riifiL'U« iiavj.n(* j»[fft.'rfrd jJiiiu Waik ur wliiti'. UWure 
Miir* !in»r Eiflrri Irt'i*!! iIi'\i'1<i|ihI rbrniij'li miltiml H-lri^ntiM 
for ilw *jilcp of protfctiiiTi, at\t\ thr BC'^apniiniit through 
MULtuO H^lKtioii ui i't>rispii:umj*' L*i/lniir>, Jij^praif l^i have Wni 
Misiiptitmv rltiH'kril frtmi t>ir< i]iLugL<r thii^ inrurrt'tl. Hiil in 
otboT co*(vi Ihr mnlcf^ duriii;: lone "P" "'^^y 1^"^*^ stnip^lnl 
togHHer for the poMpMiuti of IIr' feiAalos. ami yv\ no vtTi-Lt 
will hnvi' ht**ii pi-oiUtccd, Eiiilc^tub n krpiT inmibt^r f*t olTvprm}? 
iTfTe left by the iiiorc succL-s^Hful ntaloa to inherit their imix^- 
riorily, ihnn W Uii? !«** t-iif('f»ruh niul Ihi?. «-■* jireviouKly 

Si.'A(.i]il tiLvtiiiii nv\t ia a !;??< ripjitiiifi iciminrr llian nali^ 
ral H'WhoTi, Tlir hitliT pnnlnri't ifK i''lTr<'l* by \{\t' !(fi' or 
diNitb at aW n^cv nf Ibo moTfi f^r l^if«^ tui^rf^Mfii] ind^vidiinlfc 
DtNitU- iu'lcfi!, TioE mri'ly rnfru*B frt>tti (be ct>cl!i(-l« nf rivil 
ruiilot- Jtiit ;pyn'rn!Iy fb«* Uh MicocHful mul*? mi>r*ly full* 
lo obtain a ff-maUv or obtains n retarded end lofn ti^nrouft 
ttmnU^ lati?r in tbr H*Hi»nn. fir> if iHilyi^aiiioiu. nlitHiiiH fewi-r 
F^milTi-*; «o thai th*»r !mt* fcw(*r, !«* vi;r>rr>un, or iwi i>ff* 
ffpnn^. Ill ri^j^ard to *tn»ctriree acijinrM tbrough orditiarr 
ar ruLttcnil vr-lmirjn. tlirri' iH in iiitMl i^ftHM^. a« b>n^' an iW 
conditions of lifr rrrnnin the mrtic. a Itiidl to fho arnuiiut 
of aOvfiDtaccoud iii'>Jili<.atii*n in lelntion !■* errlniri npccial 
purpo*(^*i; Jitit in reffard \n slnielur*n flrUpl^l (ft ri^ki' nnn 
male vii^torioiw ovrrnnoiher. citb^r in li^-hiirip cr in oharm- 
ioj> ihi' ft'rnale, tben.' i* no definite limit to the nmoutat of 
AdtmitUK^oiiii itkodifloHlion: RO that aa lon^ nii ibr pmpi*r 
i-ariatiftn* ttri«' lh<? vork of m-suaI Meetion «dl go on, 
Tim rirennt'taiicf* uiiiy (wirlly Breoanl for ihn frrqiii-nt and 
oxframdMiary amount of variability pfptPTit*Hl by ficvf>nHflry 
■cxiuil rhametcT*. Nrrirrlbpltv^, Tinturul R'b'oTirn will d<*- 
1<>rmine that KUrh riinnirlrin itifiall mil hv »f4|iiBri*d by Iho 
7icti>rjoue niaW, if they would Iw highly injurioug, tfritb^r 

ra*r. \1IL 



¥Uy mprixliTig Itio mucli of iIipit vttAl [nyvfVT%j tv hy tfipnfu 

[inp tli^m to iny ^-tmI daoffirr. Tht ik-tvlopmrrt, JwwevtT, 

fnf rtilAiD litrurtwrtv— of the horriH. for inj^lan»'. in i^rrUin 

itnyfii— hifet hnm t^rtiixl lo a unrd^trTiil ortr^iuc; uni] in 

M^iTin ^'vof to an rxlt'.'rni: whidi. il* far ut Ihi^ AV^nr-rikl cin- 

ilidnnB «f life fcrr rouci'm<*i, miirt lir #Jj|:Kl1v iuj»rii*ijii In 

ilhr mnln. rrrtRi ltii» TaH Wf Uarn Ihflt ihf iMviiiUnjfT^t 

wJntli fftvoiircd rrtol'.** (K-nvi? frwru oorjmicnnjT nthcr inalf'^ 

^11 liatllr oi tuurlaliip, ami Uiuv Ti-^ivin^ a iiunif mtth ]<ro^eny, 

re m the !rny nin i^rriilrr Ihmi lhn«i> <1i>rivi>(! from rnOier 

aiiorc wrfpct j>daplatii>n to ti^cir coiHiition» of lift. Wc 

JlmII furiliiT HTi?, Hml it rmiM nrtrr Imvk* bwn mrtlirij^tprl. 

that Iho piwrrj to rharm tho F^msli' ha^ (torn^lirij?^ boon 

[inorc important th&n llie i>ot»ct to con^ut-r utlirr tnn]vtt in 

Lxwa or iviicitiTANcic 

In i>nier t** tmcI*rBt*ii»l ln>w nfttml K**lnTtion hut ncind fin 

limy Aaimiilf! of mativ cIji^av, ajv\ tn the rrxjn^c nf fit^ea 

lait i^mdnccii a i'OUt[rii:uiju» i>%uU. if d fit-t^i^huarv to hr-ar in 

IpiinH the IflVH r>f i[i1i(rntjui(«, ■» far 4u thi\v iinr knnw[i, 

I'wrt fliictind vkmrAU iw inchHcfl iimici ffie lcnn '*in» 

i^riUnrc '' — th»" ImnMiii^fin. an'l ihif d».-velu|niiuiil i>f thar- 

■<-t«rfi; but a« Th^^o ^oiieniUy ^o loj^<ihi>r. tbo tlUtini'tion 

ift ofli^n cit^<<Hooh<-rt. \\t nn- tfiiji diMinclion in lltoM^ chtr- 

U't**Ti' aliifli «rr 1n«r>-fi)tttr<(] fb7iMi^»li ilie early yMirw -^f life, 

till »rv di^vi>l'>[>eii <»nty al inntunly or during; <J<1 u^i.v W« 

thr xano (lijitmction morr rltMrlT with ^efnnrifirv iviiul 

'chjirm-i^rs, fnr Ihon* iin* 1rHit:^riiirtf«l (hrougli tmlh "ii'ip^, 

thoijf-li dtrv^ofivd in one alf>TiO' ThoL thov aro f»K'Bert m 

WtIi .vx«» 1* matiif<^Eit ithrn tno f|)ccit«, Itavinf: xtmiiifly* 

ii^rkiH) ct?>iiuil 4-h«rArt^rc, nro cr<icMx1, for rsc'h trnnrniiu 

lb(< ('hanK:Evr>< proper to iIa own mnlc and fcinale wx tu the 

lylmil nfTupHnj^ of ntln-r wx. Tla- Mino fmrt is likvwiM; 

lifnl, when rliAracten proiR-f to ilu' mjiU >re orr^AkTQ- 

'df-vclrt|»ed in Ibe female wticn sh*^ ijrovp olH or bccoitifa 

ft^MV^i!. ax, for in!(lHrrLr, wlirri tlie LijiniiiijU fu'ii asMimttt 

till' rtcmmjf tniUfrndwr*, huckli-*, aouih, i*puni, roicc. and 

r\rn piigrtacity of tti« cock, Convrrwly, ihc Mai« tliini; i«' 

[«vkI«iiL prion- or iMd plainly, wirli i-^NirAt^] males. Again,i 

lt<lt-}K<ni1( Ttl ly of old njfo or i1uk'*io. dinmctL^r* aiv occ** 

tinrtally EraTiaf(>md from Ihc ni»k to tbc fcmol?, u wticn. 

In <«rtairi br€^U of tlie fowl, Hpors rejenlarly appar in t.[t« 

rMme nnd healthy fomalc But in truth ihty an* dimply 

IfTplopcd in the female, for in f^cry breed each detail in 






the dlructur^ of tht fpnr i« trflnnmilti'H through 1h« femnlo 
t<i her imaW off&un^ig- Man> iMtH iiill liemftiL^r Ije ^i*f--u, 
nhi*rf^ iht- fi^ni^it^ vxIiiIiiEh, infiri' tir !i'?« jji-ifi-L^lly. I'liHru^'- 
t^l'fl pro^ior lo the miLl(.\ in vhonk Ihcy niubt hnvc Ix^ii lint 
ijevvlu^t*(l» aud then tiunbfi.rK'ii tu ihr fi.'mAU-. TIjt- ui^q- 
vQTKtf fiUv uf iho Uni dovL'h>|jiueiit of diutnotii'r^ in the f«> 
[njtli: aiKJ of Imnffortui:!! it ttu? tiiiili.% ja h^u frecfuciil; it 
will Uiirrrfinr Im* \hII to gi^r »"H0 fctrikjn^ mfit^m^T, With 
booa the polleii^colittt^tiD^* aj>|tatatiL« is used by the f^nsl? 
ftloitc for j:nthc;rtii; (Hilkn for Iho Innn^ ^d in niodt of tJu 
speci^^ it i« partiHih tlrvi.'[i>]iLiJ in the innW i<^ whom it » 
guklt> ugL*k*jt, ifi(] il lA \wr(vcx]^ itvvoloped in the nial^ of 
iiombu* <ji Ihir huinWc"-|jcc/' As nut a Mnfc'lt oilier Ilymeu- 
optrmiJ^ in«(Hl, n<>l fvrt\ thf ^^n^K whii-h i* do^lv nUicd 
to the Ik^^ it provided Milh a [?on>>ii'Oi>llecfini; iipjiarfttus, 
*c have no jtrtmad* for MjjifHjnm^ that nmlt fftin |*rim<Ji- 
dinlly n))l*>r[H! ['ri!U*H lu wrll ,j* rhi^ ft-Timli's: nlihuti^h ut 
havc soiiki^ K'4iHi>(t to ^u^poct f hat uiaId innnimnU (inmonhalU 
BUcklLtl th^ir ^ruung da ncll xli lljt- ft'umlifc^ l^Aallj, Hi M 
eajtei of n'tcnifw, i-Luructvrt jitp trAmumttud lhruii);li two, 
three, or niaiiv mere gcncrnliun*, and «rc then dcTrJo|>fjJ 
Utider Lvit^iiEi uiiknmvu favuuiithlt.' i.t>riditt>'iL«^ Tlut jai|mr- 
taiit di^tiiictiLiii hL'tufvii truuvEiiinuun mid dkYVL^lojUEiL^iit will 
b(: liCTfl kr^rl in miinl hy thi^ aid of the hypothcAi* of (»n[i- 
gpnt*** Arii.<rding to fhiH hjfuithe^ifr, cvi-T) unit or C'*h|1 
of Iht.^ bi>dy Ihro^Vb olT ^eiiimultu or uudev^li>pi><) alorriB^ 
whifh arc. iraufinniini U> the t>(rj|'riiTir of \itA\i wxcj^ nnd 
ant mill Mill ill i hy H'lf-iIiviMoiL Thrj nmy mnnin iindi*- 
vdoped dtirtnj; the oarlv yuai^ ol lif« of dunn^ Hauoes^ivo 
ffAnenttiona; Aud their ih-vi;h])nitnl into imib or m-II[(, liki? 
Ihnsr from whiHi Ihry W4*rt- drrivrd, i^rprndu on tht-ir flitin- 
Ity fi>r, and union ^lilh other imitd or c<*lJ8 prcviousij do> 
velu|wd ^n the due order of K'^Jwlli. 

Inhtriiarxu at crreepondinif Peri^nis of iAft. — Thia t«nd- 
ttnvy IB vtv]] eil»Mi.ihHl- A new rlmnKtt-r. jippeurinK in ■ 
younff juiimiil, whcthfr it I»Ktf throu^^hoitt hit nr ij: only 
iranticni, vitll. in general, rvtt|i|K-flr in thr? otTfipilnj; At the 
tittiiEV ii({e mid InM for Ihi- wriir- time . If. un thrr ntla-r hand, 
a TWv C'hArAcler nppoiu^ nt rinturicy, or cvfjn during old 
Vige, it tcnde to reapp«af in tbo otTAprjne At th^ aaine Ad- 
vanced A^ Whvn derJAli'iiU from Uni ruk- ot^^ur, Ihe 
triLncmitted ehaiuMftn; miicli oftojaer oppear before, ttuin 





Ctur. TllL 



j«^ Kitllui'-nltr lit initlher tfork," 1 «t|l lirn* [nt-iiO) f*j^i> 
ivo or llif'*' intiHOrfs, (or the imkc of rraiilliriir ih<' Kdb- 
jiTl 111 lliv I*. ' "J, In tevtifiJ bnrtrf* of llic Fowl, 

i)uvn-<v»x> < • L >.'Ti». Ilit< yniinj^ binia in llioir tin^t 

f>lutiu>:r, [iml Ihi.' tLclults iiilT«r yn^'oilv fr<>m oiic lui 
'«41l«rr. AB H«li at ffjm Iheir L-i:>iiirui^n puivnt-frTiu. the OtiUtis 
hantiv^: ADil lb<>*v chartetere sre Taithftillv traii^niitff^d hy 
«Ach brciNl tn th^^ir oH^piiDj: nt the (.-itrn^dpuihiiiL}; pi-nnd^ ol 
lif^. For iDHlitnc<\ iW ihifkrnii of ^jiHiigloi] }|iiinlmr}>«, 
wliiUI eovcnnl uUb down, Imw a r(>vr ilark 0):«>1b un t^ic 
iieftd »k>l nit]i[»t tut urc not plripcd ki};ritu'lindly« iia rci 
ifiBiiy oi\n-t liiH**'"-: in iKvir flirt Ime |>lunut^r, "Tliry nn- 
bvAuUfullt fx<[]iaEk<t,~* tlifil » i<6eh fralhor ir IrniibVvrdeLy 
jjovkcfl ^F>^ nMitjeron^ (Inrk Imm; but in tlifir Arrotirl |i!uTn' 
ti^ iJi^ fi';jih>^r>i s\\ tit^-oini* hj>nnglrij nr li[ipi^ wilTi n iTrirk 
FouDil *))ot." Hi^rcc 111 this iin^otj vniiiil ions hnvt* occmrrod 
at, nnd Ijwn tranenutlfd to, Uir<^ ili»1inrt prriodn nf lifft. 
The Pipwrn olfor* a more renmrksble caw?, Wfliise Iho 
Qbc>ri^nd] foicitl f|Hxn(« do<v not uiickrgn uiiy cliaii^o 
»( jiliJU^Af^i* HJtli rtrlvimring u^, <'icp]>(in|; lluit nt inutiirily 
th« tifvtt*t b<«<iEni« f[M.>re iridf^ivnt: _<iet Ibi^ru Ari> hn?<«d« 
whicb do nM «<-qtiirc their rhoTBcicfwtic rohur--- miUl lln-y 
have nii>i]1tp<l Ivn, iftri-i*^ <\v rmir 1jiiic'>; iliiiI 1iif-*r inodifii'U- 
lioutf of pluouL;^ itv re^vlnrly IranfiiniUoii. 

/nA^rifci'ir^ a/ forrrxpflndin^ Sma'ttji tif thp Vint,- — With 
nmm&U in a blnti^ <A nsTurc, uiiiuniirmblL* in^taiiuLH c^Lrur 
of chataciriv Rppcann^ nrriodirjilly at rtilTcrrnt Acn^onn. 
W** 60* Ihh ir tho bcms of thp Map, njid hi tJio fnr nf nrrlic 
nnimnli^ whith tiot'oniw thu'k nmi whiU* duriii;.' Wm- friutor. 
Maay l>inl& aniuiro JirielU ciil(nir» nml othrr dtTrtrnliotm 
during till* brci>din).'-*oo-"n n|i*ne, Pallne fiUlPs,'^ thiil in 
8i}>prin domratir (Titllr ond horwa Womo hKlit<^r'Col^njr[?d 
dnrinp Xhv uinirr, uml I have nivsrlf ii!t»rrvi'<l, mul lirrirl 
of «iniiiar Uron^Ly markod ohaoge^ of colour, ih^t ia, from 


l-Mitn-nrMi, ibcm* mllodM I*, 'm Tally 
unLbnriiT 3^ ■ iprai CTW}i?r. Mr Ttv- 

th** KrrrLl* 'i(\hr- pl^rvan, ■TlEMl«<f tfl in 
Ihn foUowl'kif run^frBph, ■"> ■ V«n4' 
liuii uT Atmiiiiin,' Ail. yi>l. [^ |'|s TW, 
Sifl; VH-il II. 1^ 77 

OlLrlur-i *>Ti\it\*,' M'^ (v 7. Hn \lt 
tmnarfMMJi'.tn'if i>i>l'Hip ■''T Ihrhhifw, «r^ 



P4>r IL 

bromuftli cj*am'Colour or rtnidinli-hrowii in m prifwt wliil«, 
io mrmi jtunirji in Kiixlninl. Allii'ni^h 1 ilo n>il kmiu- itiiil 
ihi8 lenrloiirj u. i^hAn^^ ili<? colour of lli** wiat tlunnp t\\t- 
Urvni a»>rt#i>np ia Iraiiprrunwl, yi^t U piolmMv i? »o, lui all 
hJirtcW iif i-nInHt iin' ■triKi^ty ifihi^rir*tl Jjy the hnrn-. \V»r in 
Thin form nf inhc>nTjimKT, ha liinitm] bT Iht* aoa£on^ moro 
remArb^ble iKaa iu limitAliou tj> age oV vc-jt. 

of chamdt'm t'j t>fjth anoft ie ihe cniiimmim fortM 'if i»- 
hiTitnmn*. nf li»Ji*i uith liiriw? taniituilji whii^h ilo mil prr^rrit 
Mroh^lv mnrki'd pi'Viml (iilTrTcnrrji, tin'X inrlrcd Aillt marr 
of ttit^ie. Bui chdfut'tciH »iv di>iiji'\vliut roiiiitLr>i]lj Ieumh- 
f*rM?d i-\[.'liHivol}' to thai *t'\. in xvhii:}i tfit'V Jinit ajifH^^ir. 
Amfkir c'viil^'iirc ^n this hmd hn^ hixn adviin^>i in my ni^rk 
mi ^ Vhrifltirrri untkT Ilnnic-sticalion.' Iiul a f*-* ihhl*int*<*s 
ma,v lifrru Ije f;i%«n. There art- t»ro4>(}« of Xht i^hvi'i* nml ^uL, 
in whirh tl»^ honi5 nf thr iiinir clifTir Kiviitly in «hnftt^ frnrii 
ihwy rif the fnnalf, anil iIicm^ iliffrreEH-e^, rtr<|niivil umler 
dome*il^<?ation, spd n^j^ulariy Lranimitlod In ilic r^diue *«c. 
Aa A nilc, it lA the frmnkji nlniir lit taU vrhirh jirr InrUwv 
iHpII^ ihi* fnnv^poiulin^ rnlrmr in lh*» niflli-fc ln-in^' nifcty-rfxl, 
IVjth ttiUti lirootlu of tho fowl, fhv I'haraL'ivre |>i^>(ici' to eooh 
»ci arv- tni]i^ii}ilh<i) tn ihtr fnaim' j>rii uhrric. !^i> jfriivnil idi 
thu fonn rtf irnnHmi»4iinti Th^l it i^ Hn jir>oiiiAly viv^n vnriiu 
tiniiB iu L-i^rlam hrci-iiec uro truimmLltcd cijuuiJy tu b'llh ^.\o^ 
Thf'fi* nr*' nUn trrtAin :<uJj-Ij(i*w]* nf tlit f»nvl ill wlikh thv 
niaki^ oan horOly W rlr«tinpi]Mi«-(l from ono :4T]oth4'i, wfatUt 
the r^nmlcA ditftr cuiiJ^itUrahty io culmii'- Tlitr jfL'Xi.<9 of ih^ 
jii/rvui ill tlip ]iwn'Ml-»fM"i-ip* t\(i iiai tUtttir in aiir ntprriai 
cHanKl**r; nevprt fiet*>**, in orrtain donir»tiiiitod btrri]« Ihn 
mtiW in colouring di^ta'UTly fmm the ft-mak.^^ TUt wftltle 
in tlii> Kri^]i«h TfirrirT pi^'t^on,, iimt llir uniji iri thr !*ii(tt(<r, 
arf Diori* highly dovi^lofxfl in the mnli' Ihuii ifi tin' (i'n«iJk*; 
AJi'i Al[hi>u^h lhef« dianulL-r» have hnvu iraiticil llirmigh 
1trn;;-r''tDtiiut«l 9vhH?UoTi hv iimii. tlit' vli^'lil dilT(<rr<nn>4 hiv 
twccn ihc ^ws BIT ft'^bolly cl«c to Ihr form c»f inhiTitflnre 
U'lui'h hnh jirv\Hi]tMl: fur thfj have u.ribt-[i. iLi}t fioin, bat 
ralhor in oppoiitiou to, Ibo wi*>i of tbc brcodi^r 

Jl<»t of our dcnicstic r«rc^ hare bc<?ii fornitd by Hip 
ftccuDiulaiJon of many sitglit rariatiun^; and on Kiinc of 


ITS. ^u. tUv, vft uuiiW ■M«vii«s 




tP 8ttc<ve>dfie «t«p» hftTP brpn trurminiUf^ to nne »ex aloDe, 
\\ <oTDv lu both it}\^. tfi* Ktid Ml Ihb difT<>i-f<(it KroiHJi of tb« 
iir npfxin all urndntmnx In ivrfTi ;;nwt m'\iiiil diMimiUr- 
ilj Bnn ryjm|ilH.j' tititiljiriu. Inulnni^ru hitsp uln^mU tiL*»*n 
xncii villi the bivt^Jr uf itiv fiwt ani] |>il'h>ti, /iticl iiii^kr 
UAiUio iin«logouf rAfir? ar? comiiKin^ With inimal^ umkr 
iloniMtintion* lint ^'hHhrr in nnlt^ri' I tvill mil vi^iiturr 
lo «a^, one kx n^ftj l<Kic rharaotf^m proper to il, find nuy 
thuii come ■amrvhAt lo rMc-uiLIe th« opjwjniU' wji: fur in- 
stanre, the inft)<^* of toiri'* hn-t^ih of th^ foTvl huvf Inui IhiMr 
inuHuliui: tuil'TilLLrTii>J and hfickti^, Ud thf* illv^r lum'l, i\w? 
diffrrvmi* l>i-t^"-n tlir ^r^c.i may W iiiciviisii! uiulrr TlinnL-»' 
ticHtinti, AR with Hichrtii ^hcfp, in which iUo invcn hnvi* Uat 
thoir honiA. ApiiEi. I'Santler^ proper to one ^\ may hi»*J- 
drtily a^ffjuir in tht* orhi-r *ri: mb in Ihosr Mili'brrtijb uf Ihe 
fowi in uhE(<h ihn liciti: ncc^uiro upwr* v\iiU\ yoiivji;; or. a« 
in certain Polish sul-liccd*, in whkh the fcmnios, n^ there 
U nw«iii [« ln-lirvi-, ^jngiimllj luxiuirt'tJ a l'IvbI, and itul> 
»e<]titfatly traiiEfnrrcd it to th« mftTc^ All ihvift.' vu.n-t ure 
intcIJigiblc on Ihe hrpotliceiFi of penironcPi^: for thrir dv- 
[H-Hiii on llie grmmtilua oi t'«TtHiri |>Hrlh. uflhrHi^li iircwnt 
in both «cx«ii, bocomlcir- through iht' iniluciii*^ of domt*ticu- 
lion, cither dormant or d«v^]i>|>^l in cither ^jl 

TlhTV Is anv <li1Trru}l ipj^'Mion wUirh it ft'ill 1m^ cmi- 
rnnifnt lo ilrfrr 1*^ u future i-hujiti-r; nhim-ly, itli-.^tluT n 
chArac^«" nt ItrM H<\ck<pr<l in both ^^xm. c^hH Ihroiij^b 
A^lci'lion h* limilf'd in its Hpvoloimipm Xo "tip wx nlonr^, If, 
for mAttLneOf a breeder olwtTvutj that Aom* of hu pii-ytm*) 
(of vrhkU thr i?hiinictcrs« nrp UMinII> tnuirFfrrrcd in an cqiml 
di^jrp^ to both iu*Xi^) \-nT\f<\ intn paTp binp. conld he hy 
lon^; i*"li1iiHwrl selection n^&kv a lirooi^. rii which lhi> iiinTca 
alonr* jihoiiM \m* of thi« tinti ^vhiUt the frmjilfit rcmnincd iiii' 
i:'hnn)iod? 1 rill hf^n* only vny, ihnl this, ili-Mi^h pE»rlinpfi 
irnt iitif.iti^tiibIo, Wi^yld be eAtnniL'ly JilTiculL: ^'r tlu- rttlurul 
ri*»till of Lirwdin^ frtmi th<? ;ih1c'-Ij1u<? mnU'* iAiMi!<l ln' tn 
rbun^r thr whole *torJ: of lioih iipxos ti^* 1h^» tint If. h^w- 
^rer, variationB of the dcaired tint oppcari'd. whirh were 

ivm the l]r?(t liinilcd in Ihi-ir ilivrhipiNtiit in tlir iiinlr kpx. 
orv irrnlil not h« Ih* Ictisi iWf^rvUy in makiiij: a hnw\ 

jth the iwo gcxtfl r>f a different colour, 9a wd<ed hna htvrn 
effected with » HiAyjuu hreeil, in vrh\v}t Uii' riijtin hIoiec iiiit 
drcnt;«d with blnclt. In h aiinrliit* ninnnt^r, if any viimtir>n 
flppcured in a fi'iiLuk |iLgC(ja. which wu- frrvm th^ fii^l «oi- 
uiiiU linirliil in it» divrlopmrnt r^i rhc^ frmnlcfl, il wmdd I™ 
oftkv 1<j make a hmpfj irith the fcmalni atnno thu« chaructor* 





P^kt LL 

Utfd; but if Vbo rnriition waa n^t thiv i>ninnft1t]r limitccl, 
the pr<iec«s wi^iuld be fitreiuc^ly tlifficult. |rt'rhat.i4 tiupoe- 

On thf Itflathn brfxtf^n tht PerM of Dfrthji'nrnt t*f a 
Char^ifter fitiif it* Ttyirt.vmi'ixittu ht dh* Ser '/r le hiflt StJYs — 
Whv ri?rtmii chflmeters KhmiM \w inlimtoLl hj both flrn-f, 
and iilJii^r rhirjifli^m Uy futf t^\ «Ii>rn', innrrrlj h* ihnt av]c 
in which the chanoler ftivl a|i[H^An>cl. U in iv>o«t caso^ (juite 
iinknawn, \S'o caiinut rvca conjtduw why with ccrtttiii 
Fiiivbmvljt of Oil* pip^iMr Njirk Mnr, llicmgh IrHrHuihod 
tbroiifrh th? f«]Dal^> should he i.1ev«lon«d in 1h<* nmlo Al'>ne. 
AhBl?<l t'V(-ry olh^r charactri i* i^^ujilly tran^tfrnrcl to both 
s^xn. Wliy, igsiin, vHh ml^, th^ lrrf/H*r-*htfll colour 
should, wjlh rare oxccptii>ns Ijc i^evdojw'ii in tho female 
alone, Tlie xrry Hinit cliamttrr. ouc'li lLi jL'fitiriil ur >u(icr- 
nLimrmn' iiijdt'^. roIour-hlindni^M, Ac, miiv with manhiml 
hr inhcTJl*>d by the nialr^ * ftf one rarniU, fttid »n an- 
rithcr farnitv \ty thp f[?IHall^^ siU^nv. thtut^li m Wlh (*njin» 
tmnttnillcxl Ihroiigh tha oppnEilt' ii* w*ll re thT/in^rh tho 
i«amc fcj." Allhou^h w<- art Ihtia i^norunl, the twi> follow- 
ing nilo* ■CTTU Hfli-ii Ju hol*l miiiil — llmt tunAlii>i]<i uhirh 
flnil apponr T/t i»ithor tpx al a Ulo pinioi] of lifr, frnd li> bo 
developi<(! in i\w uiuie t^x a]oiii.<; wliilftt varialittne u|iit;h 
l^rnl afipeur t'zirlv in life in cithi-r ffi. IpthI fii Lr- i]i-Tf'Tn|HMl 
in M|h fpx™, i am, howi^rrr, far from nip|wiBmi: thul this 
la tho flnlf* ilf^t'.'niiinmj: cA^ne. Ab f ha**' Dof cUrwbrrc dia- 
(^unorl thii iiibjwt, anil a* tt hav an impnrUnl biairinjr on 
ioxumI (H'locfior, I mimt hc« cnlrr into icnflrthj ftnd aotne- 
whftl Intricule delaiK 

Tl i« in ity^ir |iTcibaUc tbat any t^hnntctCT nppotrin;; n1 
nil rarly Ag:c wo^iW (end i*> be inhcritcfl <?n^'"^lT ^y Mh 
w*:ipft, fi>r tl»o ff 11^ dn rril dirrf truidi in ermaliliitiott b^foro 
th*^ pnwf*r of rqirodnction i* puni**!. Cn thi' otb^r band, 
nffrp thiw p'>n'cr ba» bei'n £Dine<1 bh-I llic w:(w hav^ er>roc 
to difri?r in c^Dntftitution. the g^mmnTe^ (if ! mtj again u«» 


fdlbtmpfiM»frr«rliJt biH Snn tilfltTv 

•0 rt|-c*i«i™J ft I'TOpbrr jin Mr Ti'irM- 

fom in |4ni'TnB, nf thn tnnMnlM^irittt^ 
v^l'jiir V'^'>'^*ft «Wio.ABd lliafiMiii*' 
tjiTi ikf ft vu^-tirrnl vilh ihl" f hlirw>- 
Wr. In- Mr*^ "tt I" II plnjfotar ritrum- 
•inn ihil Mr Dnrwin aheuM bftv« 

l)if HiFtiifit rolnjn. of mViI« b> « rnurvt 

Jim ■«■ 1(1 i^mnri^r rn/ Uifv^ fm^ TbU 
I hitfl rtUmt; t*v^ U iJ EVEiijirliftt-lQ 

* RDfcrTTm* art' ri 'Ml ria iiiy ' VariH 
Ttrvi of AmimftU under DoimMi<iiiticiL,^ 

rn*!-. MIL 

»EXUAL ^EI4ffTl-l()X, 

Iho Un^ni*^ of paDgriK«i#) vK\c}\ an? cart olT from vmili 
varjiiii: wH in Iho one fcjt uriiulJ be miii^li mcin? likrly ti 
puvniK ihv prr>[H-r ufTiHilii'* fi.r Tiiiillnx wiih l\u* tiwLi<09 nf 
\Uv Himr %os. find thu.4 bocomTnjc itcrclopetJ, thai uitli thi**; 

1 WA* llfst Ic'i.] to in{**f Ihur u ivtutum nf this kind exutnj 
from Uk« \tt% lliut ulit'itrVrr Ami in wlmtc^vr mioiiikt Ihe 
•dull niak ililTrit inmt llit^ ncluU fi.'Timlr, Ik- OiiTfr? in Ilii< 
n«i« fiunnr^r frutn lli^ voLkii^' of Loth m-w^ Th^ ^tEierulity 
of thb fwi in quilr rrnirtrhnhk: il holilx goi>1 vith almost 
nil RinnmtnK bir<]>. iimiihiliiaiiM. hiiiI flH^it^H; t\lm with riiHny 
crurilBOFanH. «['itlf<rvi« amJ MTit(3 fi^u' ini*M-l#^ ciich ov ocrliun 
urtho|jL-ni ami l(l*rlli[lii". In nW Ihcic tiuim Ihr ramtion>, 
ihroiitfh llir fti-i'iiTiinlj|i(in .i( v,\i\vU i\w ma\^ ac-(.ii)irt<iJ Lk^ 
j>pr*I*cr rjtJuciLlirt <iLHrfl*'T*»*, iiiuwi huvu oc'tiirnvl ul u uom**- 
wfial lulL- pt-rinti of lift: ntln'rwisi* Ihr ynimn mnlcr- wnul'l 
huvr Ih-i'Ii nimilnrlv <'hjirsrti-riffi-<1: nn^l ixinfmnml^lv wiili 
oiir rali>, the ranaltonA arv tr[ii]riiLitl«ii lo zLU-t ■kvutiifx^d in 
ihe 44!ttU njulrt aloni'- Whrn, on thi- oilier bnrul, lh<' miiilt 
mall* c^li*M'ly ri'npnilili>« tIip voiirtg nf Wli -irH'a Mhptf^ witli 
nu^ oxoeptioiuii, bcin>r aJiKO)^ he p«tiera11y rewinLli.^ the 
«tluU fi-iiiitio; anc) in ni^Mt nf thnr olhi-* Ihr vnrialinttfl 
ilir<iii)£h whioh ilip vonng and ^^W ai^qnifv^) tlioir pri'a'iit 
clinracl^s, |>ri>lohly »j<TUPriHl, nr^oitlin^ to cur ruk-, itiirinK 
yiMiUi. Ititt Iht-rc IK here r*Kim fur ilimht.. fi>r rlmnnltrm sk' 
ftnmrlimrri tmntifprnd lo iln* nffuprinj/ al ati ciirlur iikt thun 
IhiC al u^iicli lhi.7 tfi^t ai^fKihrct.] in tlic fiuivrtt^ pu (hat thr 
irni-'nt-i iiLuy Imtf ^ntini ntirn JiOuUt "uO fuui' frziti-^ri' 
Xhair charwiere in Ihi'ir ntTaprm^ whilial yoiinif- ■riiiru' ur"-, 
nwr^ofer, ciaDy animals, in whiL-h th*? two st^^ofi thiecly re* 
wtiiUli' pncli ntliiT, 411*1 ypt iKith ililTt?r frurii Uieii' young; 
ind h<>r« tht» chntnrtprc of the ndnlts^ iiiiut hnvL? bcvn uc* 
qiiirrd late in Hfoi di'vl-i-iUH *'■*'. Iht^ae elinnnli^r*. in nppur- 
*nl coiilrtLi1i>"tion In cnir rulr, iin- Irrtn-tft*rrf*il U> hoth ■^I'ies. 
VTe ninrt not, howrTtr, ovi-Hook thf |w>snbilily or <n-tti pruh- 
ability of tumr»five tAriulioiih i.f tli*' ^Arttf nalurv orcur- 
Hnj^, iimltr ^iijicivurr Ij> ^iiiiiltir rMrulilinriH. Mtniirll^iifniHly 
in lK»th M-ira flt a rathnr lute prriojl i^f lift*; jind rii llii-t vav<* 
Lbe rariatiijiip wmM lit- IraiipfetrHl tij Xhr otT^i flint: *if In'lh 
atXM at n viirrw\n.^tuiinit Ul<- uni'i nnd there wi'mhl rJu-n Ik« 
no tvfll mnlrniliction t^) the nilr flint viiTiiilinn^t oct-urrini! 
NU in life are Iransfrrred eirlaciMly to thr m^^ in whiot 
ihw fir<t apiioAroTl^ Th.i» laiti^ rii'*' ft'^^nip lo linhl tru* 
iDffre (cent^Mlly than the pcconiJ oni^. nnmi'ly, Ihat vannti'^n» 
ivhidj oecyr iji dLh&r t*i early in lifir 1*n'l lo hn truuaf<rr«i 





P&feT IL 

to botli *cxc8. An it vnf oliviottAl> impowSle ertn to o«ti- 
mak> in hi>u hr)^u a nuiDlik^ of i^ni^m tlirniiL'hnui tlir »iiinial 
kiiij^ilmii tiwiti^ 1u^ prvipciPittoiL* held ^'<ii>a. it oocnrred t^ 
iijt- lo inri^tijfutc rutin* ittnlcintc w cracuki iiutttiuvn. uiid 
To rflv fni llii- rt'AiilL 

All o\i.i'll«Dt cade for tnv^etiffation it atTordod bj tho 
DoiT fnniily. In alt Uie sjictH'*. l>ul ont\ tl»^ hwiiH rtrc <3t*- 
vi'U)}niil imly in lliir iTiiiIris iJun]|rh <Yitjiiiily 1mn^mittr->l 
Uirou;;!] i\w fi.^ruaJc*', nnd iftpflljl<* of almnnnnl <li>\-itlniirfio-nt 
in tiii'tii. ItL Ihr ffiuiltvr. on Uit oIIkt liuiid. tJi< (riuak* 
\h prnviiW witli horn*: m lUrtl m llii* i«]M-i:iw, tht liornn 
ou^hti aceorilm^ to our nilo, to appour oarly in lifu, lon^ 
bc-ffirt- Ibe Iwij tviva arv insturv aud tia>r €uin« to dJfTcr 
much in Lnrtutitnlicn. In ull Ihe other spedes the horns 
ij\^;£lil To a]>(h>tr later in life, v:\uch would Ivod to Ihoir dc- 
ttT[ifhiiietkt in lliai vex aIuiio. in riliioli ihi^y firM njif>parM 
in iIk' pn>xpiiitor nl Iht- v,-hv\s^ h'fiuuly. Now in »^v^n «pe- 
ci":». JiolfkiiffinK lo <!ijtind i*rclion)» <ii tlic fnmily tmJ lu- 
liahLliny <!JIT*'n.^i)( ri't'Ji'nt-, in whiil) t3if> stii^« iilone W^r 
horiK, I lind Uut ilu* honm Jtrnt 4{>fii^iir at iKinudi*, loi^m^^ 
froru nine mfnitli:* oft^r birlH in the tocWk to ti*n. Iwclvt? 
or ovpr mt^ie iri'inthH in ihe «tflg« of thp six nlh^r mul Ur^rr 
t^pvc K'^/^" But U'Llh Uio ix'iiiilL^r Uiv ca^t> ia widely dirfcrtrnt; 
for, n> t heft]- froni IVof. N'ilMinn, who kindly inmle ftji«ciflt 
en<|Tiirii'e f-^r n^e in l^iplnnd, llip hm-MH Rpni>nr Id t\\v yoiia^ 
uuitiiuls utihiu lour i>f iivv wctkn aflor Nrrtn, ond at Ihe eanK- 
tiiTu- ill IhiIIi M-\tr^ S<i timt hi-rp He !m\T' ji fclrui-l.tin\ dt^veU 
opc-il ul .1 moiit uniiBLmUy vurly agp in on? fpeeitii' of lhi> fam- 
ily. »tid ljk«vi0e «onunoa to botb B^xts iu tliin one tfp<vitfn 


In i^evora] kindt of untclo]>f«, only the nialt-H aro pro- 
vidtd with horuri, whilst in Uiv ^rf^ltV oumlx»r Wli w?xc« 
Lear liiirn*. With reKpt^W (n thi.* perirtd nf df-vebiirment. \lr. 
Illylli inrnrtnv niD that ther« vr^t^ at r>ne tinic in Uk' Xonlojci- 
ifll (Jnitl^n^ a joun^ koijdoo Mnr n/rf/wiWrflit), of utiich the 
f[HiU-i ftl'>ru? lire honw«]» uiul uUo tlu» y^mriff of n fllowly- 
ulla-il npecies, ttic eUnd |Jfl/, orpt]#t> in whidi b-rth i>es«i 
Arc horntJ, Now it tb ui Hlricl eonrorniUy witii our rule, 


* f iiu muoli iVkflf H] Ilk \\i C?ii|fpl«i 
fVr htiliiti ]o*>)a uniiuLrn* iVpt rat In 

?iiUf)4Eiil fruii\ Mr ft-ir>*ru(iii, Uir 

fnlliviv -Jnr, L hnr* bo ilkUik Ur 
ElitaD Aikl i4ti»ni f'Tirtafiwiijaiim Pot 

!JM; ■ij'l for ihtf 1?. r*ry»>irinw uid 

■airin I'riiiiirri^iit 

IliUwm AfMd- of 

Z«Dk«. Sac' icf «T, PL T4I. 

of r««ru, ■« l.Jeirt, H<«t«Tl, 



that in th<; rnuTijt f^^lc kofidiM, Altb'>ii]fh \tn jiUimi\\A old, 

Euitct5 AUainin] br lh<>m: wbll-'. in Ihn j^ung niaf^ rlnml^ 
aJUioti^h o«iJ) lliivc luonthA M. Hk bornn WL^re ^Ir^dr vcrj 
Ditic^ liurj^t Ihnn in thr koivW. U in iiIhi a ndlireiiMt! 
tic\ ItuI ill the pT*-n^-hnni*vi aiiUJopo,** only n fow of Ihfl 
femAk«, iliutif our lu fi^c, Savi* horziA. aiul thv«c fire Id a 
nKlime-nUry ■lute, IhmiMh vumTHmi-n nUm^ r<Hir im-lh-i l*nig: 
so tliat a>^ for a^i cini'rrnt ihf> |:<Ui^(«^oti hf litirnc l\v Ibu 
uialtn aWf, lliM t|irci<f_* is ill «in iulermeiiiat^ lOiKlitiou, 
niiii ihi- )i"nt« fl>] iioi Lijiptur wMA alicmi livt* i>r ni.v iimiitli^ 
aftsr biilli. 'l^crrfoh^ in coii;|)«nH>n iritti wlmt liUb vo 
know of tlie (lvii.-lo^iiii-ai. uf Iiil' horji» in olhcf aiitcLopoSt 
aiid from rlui wi* tlo kiiou' viih rwiiM>ci lo th^ horns of 
dtxr^ catU«t &C-* 1hn«(? of Iht^ proie hcimfni nDtcLopo aj^^ 
{tear at un int^nrtHtiali' jt^rjoi) iif Jiffk — thai 114. not vprjr 
oarlj, as in uaUlt aud Hhf<«|f, nor ivrv \aie, oa in the larger 
dr^r and nnt'^lnpni. 'i'lic li<iniK of tLhrc<],i» |E<^aE!(. and raLllc, 
Khivh an- wHl cli'^frlujuii m U'lli fi?ic*, Ohhi^U not *|mU 
oijuaI in ei£L'. <iiii lu fi'li. trr i.Mrn «4H-a. ai trirlh or «oon afl«r- 
rtdfd*-** (Jiif rule, hiHTCTPf, ■wni* to fnil in so«n^ bnr^i ai 
^liwp, for tnfllATirp merinnM, in vhlf-h Ifie nimii aXimp nrt^ 
Ikcmod; for I cnimot tind i>ii tmiuirv.'* that Uie horn^ are 
dLTVt'lopn) IntPT in lifp in tliU ItirM than in oii]innr> rihrep 
in tfiuoli bolh ft?irw arc liomi^il. lii^t with d<inu'Hli<'atfHl 
ahcop t]i« pn.;teiK<: ur uImiei^ of lionu ip not a. finuly lUcd 
(-Imnu Ivr; for n rrrljtiii ] import i<«n uf Ihr ni^-Tiiui ■■m** ln*ur 
AiiiaU hontf. anl KOinv' f^f xUk- r^uit^ &tv< tiiirnke^; and in mofit 
brtv<ti )i<jm)f:rw <ti« an' cnx'Qrti^rtiallT ]»r<idiJCt-»3. 

!)r. W. MAr»in!l Unt- Iciti-ly itiudi- n tpoi-jfll itiidy of Ihi- 
prohiWnim't^ mi i-^^iniuon on tUtt lii>adr of bird*,** and he 
L^umtti (o die foUiiwtnic ct^ncltiniiaj: — that with Xhaw ape- 

■ AiiBifia/ </ VcrtflirtlciiJ toL iii- f. 

■■ I '4B«* Ijhu aaKurr-l |>iA( iba hunjv 
al y»r aliicf Ell ^citL Wtl^v fpe ivJ 

•ay* U Ml, (onl 11^ MinrtinrfH t^m 

fiivtifil'CfK:* iif iLl- fruulal IfCtric In oal ' 
thai iJif t.^n\j mtfur ta yVifi aufnKl 

■illi mpwl Iff Elit pir^ilii" t1,\x'\i M 

AffiD* the >*, lion^vpr. h Iip«r4 ml 
*hniJ Ifl whltfli. ^ villi EurrbtfiL iIib 
nrdtBlfiDD t«Mr IviTiin ! «(i-l Mt, WLa- 
«Ana R«wl« liifwn III* ihAi fn on« 

live sNtrrrnl It* him. « y^HH '*t^ 
Kirn f'ri KpIv IfHh, tlp*it alKUV*! hiirhii 

in *>niff-nii\ij y'iiii ii>lf , ilm fl»»*l'>p- 
manl of thv liiiTTiB n.'\'iiiTrxl itaLitri 
ptTli>J oV lll*r [Jjflii in Wrtl-(i tlitv^i, In 
wlj'uh bolk Ktc* *fT< h"mvHl. 

lAbdWahatt Ankiv fbr 3Liri<1Vtfiv,' Ban'^ 







pAst n. 

cion in which thvy art confined to the males, they arm 4«vcL- 
o^H-tl hiv ill life: wh<'rirHi4 with thi:i4i> sLjjiHTiffl iii i^liii^h llu-j 
■re oomujdB lo the- two yexu*, Ihry juv Ui?VL-lu^h?U ui a vcjy 
cflf!> pcrwl. Thw id rcrUiitlj a Atrikiiig cnntimutiou Kit 

my Iwo IrtWkJ of JiihrrilnjuT. 

In uiost of lli*^ fe|>ocn!tf i}i Ihi* a|>li'mliJ EitmUy of thr 
Ph«iu<itutA, ihr [»a]o,4 ililfirr ^o^lpi<-Ul:m^iy frt^iii thu frniak^. 
am] Ihf'V :u-t{iiin- Ihrlr ikniniiii'Tils nl a rathiT Iflif jKTioil uf 
lif^. T1u> varoci (^^jtiimmi {Crwtnoptihn aanlvm)^ howcv^T, 
utTcrH u I'diinrkalilc i-*mv|iUc>ii, for bolli nt^xrn ytitM-tts Ihe 
Ajir rniifhil jjlLiim'K, iht' Urgi> rar^ltifl* and Ok- oriiuak>n 
vdv<?t ubi>ul tlic iK'iid; [ Umi lliut til! Ihi-?c' thnrn^Ur^' ftp- 
pc&r vi:<ry turly in lifi? in ni'i-itnlniuc nilh nili', Tlic mhjit 
mnlp can, hnwpvpr^ 1h' fliAtiiiguiNht'd fri>m the arinit fL^inato 
by the proatuo** of npnrM: ami foTifommlily with c»ar rule, 
Ulpm< ilij ui>t iH'Kiii 1*1 lie Jrvi1ki|Jt'ii lii'forp l.hi> U]^- rif nit 
monliiK ii^ I ONL iL^j^urni.! by Mr Hurlb^lt, and t^vim at this 
ftge, lln^ tW'j ftL-it-a cun Ijinlly U? ilifti in>,niiflhrd.*' Tiio male 
Mild frnrnti< IVHrix-k dJITi^r niiiKpir'LXrUKly from vnrh olhrr 
m alnif^i't iivj?ry imrl of thvir pliiniii^o. excq^t in tho ek-gant 
heaii-trtfil. wltitri in ro^nmou io Wth M<-\t«; and 1hi« in dt-' 
v<?lojinl viTy i'nrly in lifi\ Intin bi-rorc Ihi- oLhiT cirniirmmU, 
tthuh aro L^ji)fkni.<d lii tlic jualon Tho wilil-iUict filKre nu 
anrtli.»K'JU» I'ikMv fur tlu- LehuUfiil nr*'<'n six-tiihiiu i*u tin? 
wing* ii: rfmnnon to licrth tvxvt, llmii^tli diilh-r and »iiiimo- 
lA'Iial ^molkT *o llio f*^iHa!*.\ and ii is {lovcliiju'd raily in lifoi 
whilst \W' cui'hii Uiil'f™lln'is uiul ullitr onianiT'iiln nf the 
malu wrt dcvolupod laUr.*" Hi^hu-on iiiiHi t-xtri*iiii.* i-flja»i of 
c]o6c sexual rc^L-iiiblancc and wid^: disHiniilariiy. M' Uioec of 


** In bhf< wmrnnti hwiDgli (/far* 
man. II Mini 1wlli «ni» uF tbe Jqvii 

lliUJ4:i: 1 fully rii>irt«) tlmt LL tlie 

«Li!t«ln|tr'l r«fl)itr In LiTp than In Umt 
vnjiijjhuj pv-w-'ui'V , hui M. Hciri «f 
AiniConJtm infnriiiia ntc, llitl wjtii 

aiuir Wftlii uf (hfl T^rovluiiji jvnr> of 
h Apftilai^ (i>jiif<pTuii 'Xk A}>ril lltriJ. 
HflO. ln»*4 «•■■ nni .tiili-ranrr In nirt 
dpvvlupii)iiiiluri]i<:' ipyie*. Tlio*|inr', 

I fir**»in« that I "KnulJ Ki^a t>Hi> id 
foPbiO iftny .M1>ri-iiii<« In thr r«t>« i-l 

dvTii|L»jini(UA liiiJ Lir*ii ut'M'T>t<i nA- 


* In A-kinc 'itlirr bih^Ih nfOi*" I'lii'k 
IhtaUj ttiu ^^ivputLiiii dJUvfv in ■ f i««l' 

ft •Irgtv.' ill tliL- 1«o trxv* ; bul I liava 
iiiiT }iciMi htU lit ■llhE'i<^i'^ hhrll'cnr ila 
I'lkll i^-VQln/PkfiiTiL >■ •■Uin Ivlii iji rir« tn 
ihi. iL»fl1ii' uf HULili p^icciK. klmii ill Ui« 
mtili' irf lilt* i-nnjirii-iii iliiL'k, hPk oir^hi 

EhU Iw Ihfc fUC ■Ctv^Jlitf Ii> HtUI PUlf. 

Wjih Ihr K\l't\\ Uf^vt<ff>fi<tf%, •* 

liiiVe,liuvtvor,A cue I'tUnr kimh L)ju 
iwn ivtu Jiffur cuivpk'ui-iuBU in ^ii- 
fial plumit;rr^ iln* tii « o«i»»l«li^rfl*i|# 

il«ClTV id a**.' "l-vculuili. Vl)lL'.']j irk jPllH 

VkliUfi In i»4K imi^P %u-X ifTvyiJivivMla 
Lit fKi' lirnAUv >\.iU' Ihi* >Liuiitf iiiklu 
4L tlr<i inOivly rv>4^i)'l4' On- rt'iii»it*. 
■ijil fh^»- 11 irri'ji»h urhin- P|ii*Liiiliiin. 
■vliirli liii'fiiiM^ |jur« uliilv al nk) oiT- 
livr nifi '\\^n 1K«1 «( wlii^'li (h* aJu^t 
iimln iiiqukri* bi* r}|hiir vid iiioio 

-«« Au^ulxjh. ' l.iniklJi4t|pictJv1 Ulogm- 
\i\iy* ti>l. liin iMAi Vl^ mI*1HI. 



Otur. Vtll. SEXITAL HKLKLTIOM. fi^l 

tW Cro«80t»tilork aiu] pcocock, many intcrmwliaU on«« couM 
W ^Jvi'tL. Ill wtitdi Ihe cliiUHctt-m fullow uur Ivo rul« iii 

;\& tn<)>4 in^.vt* cnKigr from Ihc mipcl fitai** in n ma- 
tun* ruiiililiiJEi, it 19 i]i]u)itful u'liiitliiT uie [XTiod itf <levt-lop- 
im'nt t'iin dtttniiirii.' Ihv triiiMfu'ivncu cjf Unir fharucli-'ni to 
<ilit or i*> Wlli *ex<fl. Hilt wo <\yt not knikw Hint lEu' c('li>urnl 
Krjilis, frrr iutiL&Jii.t', in twu *<|>t^'iL'Fi of biJllL'rllitrt. iu oiii.' of 
whicb Iho McxcH ililTrT m t'-ilour, whiUt iu llie othcT llu-v 
■re alike, aro d^-T^ldiwcl nl the name rclniivc ^Li^* in the 
cncHH^b. N«r i1o U'l* kiwtw ulLettier all t)io m«1{*'4 aro niiinil- 
ltuK<iu»tj^ dL*vd(»|>i![l on thf ^'inp« ot Iho uutiv AfwyieM of 
UiUrrl^y, in which ctrlnin c*»lfiim*ti mArkr< nrt mtifiMtl to 
oriu M-x, whiUc ultiiTH mi' L-nrEinniL in liofli t^e^ey. A dilTiT- 
pnco flf ihit kiml in tht ji^nod uf Ui'velojiBt^iit ia not >o 
iiitpri.r1^lk- a* il ma_v ot ffii^t ii|i[t<-ftr; for with thr Mrlhop- 
Im, lA'liiL'h BMumi^ Ihoir ji.IuIi iiii iml h\ n Mn^lct mcta- 
miTjihi^PLS but by a ruci*' nn i MLHulty-, Iho joun^ niaK<B 
tif A>jnii! hiH.'L'iefr Hi /Si>l rewinbk- thr frm/ili'*, ami i[cmnre 
their itiHttnt^live maicuhne characli?r»^ onlj nt n lAl^rr imnilr. 
Htnctlj oiinloj^ou* au*tv incur At tht; tfiiccu^ivo moulta uf 
oprtain male c-rustac'i'fins. 

\\'^ ha^L* M jC'l L'onflnWtHi tho iran»fi?reTioe of rbnractprs 
n-ktitx-ly to tlicir |jcrio<l <?( di'^rlnpTucnt, oTiJy iu flpvciL-a in 
a nnlural «Ut^^ nt' wil! ijnv limi tn iftpiui-slii-fLtcil niiiiimK 
ftnd tLn<t tout'li oil moiitftruvtilK'S nnd <l:bicAH0t4. TIk^ pr^«enc« 
ftf miicnmtni^rjiry iliuit^, iind tbt al>M-ntr^ of certain j»ha- 
Ijiu^k-K, imint \\r t]t'U>nn\:ttt\ hI an cnrly nntirynnir pt^ri™!^ 
tb*-^ tt-'tidvnoy tM jjfuriiEt' bWdiir;^ ip at k^Qi!^t (<on^i^n[tul, aa 
iff i^jbftblj c»lc>kir-bl[nilm^K4 — yil IIicko ixcii linn ties, niid 
olbtT Miniliir ntK*. nn* nftfn limitf*!! ir tln>ir traTieini49)oii 
to oi» ee:s; fto chut tlit- rule tbat cbomctom, developed at 
an v»r]y penm). irnd tci In' trLiii:<znitli'(l in Iri^itli tipxi-fi, ]u^rr 
wholly fflilu Unt thJH niW, nn Moro rejtiark«>d. d*j*^ not 
•ppwir Ui lit^ nearly so iroiKnil act Un? **t>nvcrw* nnc, nHiutly, 
that character* whiVh n}rfi4'fj] hilt- in lif^ in unn i^i'ii nn^ 
1ran«mtt*'*l f^rluaively to the saiiiy bi'K. Frcim tIk- fail of 
Iho nimvo abnoni'^kl pi^fuIittHticj^ hivnminif attoohinl to one 
«f\. bii^' bi-foM- ilu H£*xiJjil funi'tin^fi ujv nHivp. wr iwiiy 
infpr thai th^ro mn*t b* eoniv dilforenoo botwi'(?n tho *(?i<*8 
M an exlrvra*ly e.arly a^e. With rwppct io KrKijnlly-ltnult^d 
ilJMOMTK. wi? kncm Ino littb- itf thr p*»rJod nt ^v^hirh Ihvy 
iingi&At»» to diaw any eafe eonolnaton. Goal, however, 
sctrma to fall niidcr *>iir nih-, for it Is ijtntTally cjiuhl-U by 
tnt«inp«Taiic« duHrig nmnhixid, and h truniimilti-d from ibv 




PxtT a 


fttHor to his eonn in a much mor^ msrk^d manner than to 

his diiitulitcre. 

th(t Jiialcv i]ilTi*T tnnii 1li4'ir r«»i;jh«rliv<» f«ni3W in thf ^IiApv 
or dcvL-bjiiiKHt of Oioir honib, fureljtad, iiuin**, ilt-wU|». laiL 
ami Ikumji on tTit* tiLifulilt'r*; and Lhtw |HHiiljHrilifH, in al-- 
curdiLMct; wiUi our niL, are not fully (Wt^Lopcil until u 
rathor Utc i>friod of life. The bokca of do^ do nut dilTor, 
i>JiL<('[il Llint ill ciTlniii lin^rdn, f<H[>i<[.-T]i]l> hi llie ScuU-li divr* 
Jinntid, tlic tniiltf 14 nuti^h tur^'vr ami hi^avicr than Iho fc]iLal&^ 
aiiii. LI8 ue «hall sco in a fuhirr^ rhupler, the mali^ tsoc* on 
JiK'ri'flviiLf; iJL liiy.i^ Uf »h uitUMiully laLi< jMriml (if life, which, 
ot'conlirtg to rub, will lucount for hin inori'iuit'tl ftixc \mnc 
tran^ri^ittod to hii^ mnl<^ ofT*prinji: nionr. On the other hnna. 
the torti>ih4>^he]l i-ulutir', uhji-li iu r.^itilined to ffiiiiih* taU, 
i» qtiitv ilialintt ut 1>irth, and Una i^\Xiv vi^luti*^ tht^ rvilu^ 
Tliere is a hived of pi^on* in whicli the uinli* alone na* 
streaked with hlflck. And rhe strenka can h*' del^et(*il <*v<'n 
in Iht uodlJiug^; but thoy hcuunif mttrt^ CHjriS|neiiouB ut eaeh 
succeasive mtmlt^ *o that this cojie [mrlly r)p(»onc,H uiid parltj 
fupportfi the rule. With the Knglith t.'nm<>r find Puiitor 
|}i^eonf, Iht? full di.'VLlo|.<iu(?!U ut the \^altk- wid the crop 
ot^cum mtiuT Life in lift*, uiul r^mifonurLldy with thi< riilt!, 
theao character* art- tranftmined in full p'tfr^'iicn lu tho 
malcit iklonc. The follgwinjf t^a-ie^ po]-ha|j0 ci>iikt.' vvithiu thO 
claw prpviouely athideil to, in wiiieli t*nth win* h»ve vitrinl 
in Uie wnjc tnaniur at a rathi-r lati- pcriud t>i life. amJ tiave 
eonwquenlly traniirern*!] their mm- chnrm^trr:' Ut hotli sexes 
at a rompflpnnding l.iJi* |ieriai: and if an, Ih^r e**U'fc *ire 
mit i)f*|H'kKL<d [o our riiU-; — tUoro exiHl auh-brciilp of the 
])igei>», defcribed lj> Neiimeisler,"^ in fttiirh hoili tvxta 
chancre th^ir oolonr dnring two rr Ihrpc nujiiltii {ua w |jk<i- 
wiK^^ the r»Hf with Ihe Almond TvinililLr). inrvt-rlhidtTHe. theviti 
clini^jLTi-h. lliiiugh iH't^urrirk^ jjUher hiU' in Lifi% an* conmiim 
Xo \nt\h wie*. One vflHely ^>f the C^anapy-hird, tinnipJy ll^e 
Ixmdon Priiic, otitisi a tivtxriy luuiuj-DUB ca»e. 

With the IhiiHnl^ of thi' Fowl the ndLerilanit- of ^^tioub 
charaoterft by on? or 1}oth Hej^i>«, Rp^mn genertklly rletcrmimuj 
\jj tUi^ pwiofl at which *)uth cliaratlt'ra art dtvilo;»Ld, Thua 
in all the many lirtH^^lrH in whirh Ihi- ^dull iimU-dilTei^ ^'reutly 
in i-tjhiHr (roni th<' fk-rualo, a^ welt nu fniin thr wihl |mroHl- 
apecu'K, lie ditTer* uU<> from thi.^ yuuiif: t[iak\ ^*' thut the 
iivwljk'iu'ijuii'ed i'hiLJiii-li-ni iniiAt hair iiptjeart'd a1 zi rullier 

tear, •■ H, U. F» Vh om or Uia pi^foa vayatfcur Uti^r: l<4a.\ |L S7. 


late fwriod of Uh; On ihv ofl^rr hoiid, in m^ of Uic brt<i\Lf 
ill wliirh thr tno m<xi7 t(->i-[[ilj1»< i<m-li olln-r, (lie yoiiii^ aiv 
rrkliiiiTvtJ in ntwrly tiw ^mv Mnnn^r a^j their parvtiu, uml 

ivirlv ill iirr. Wi- lm\r' iuMjinn-ii nf t!ii» fnct in oti IJaj^k 
iinJ u'htlii iiriHxt, hi viildi Uit* vfiun^" and ijld of bi»lh H-^icrt 
jirt aliki'; lu^r taii it Iw lUHinluiiitit Ih^il ihrro i* **>m'.-(litn;; 
p>mlnr in a hUc-h nr uIliIj- |iluTFm^v, whlrU lemU iv \U 
immfmvncv io iHiih m^xiW'; for iLi^ iiiaK<'^ uIuik* of iiuiuy 
naturii f-jrvclut are eitlj«r tlsck <ir wlhtr*, tlti* fcnmli-A Wng 
illlTLTrnil; iviIouwiL With th* Hn-^-fllli'd i.'iickiM* HTilvbr^drt 
vf Hi* firtrl, in whivh th# fcmnK-r>< are iPunDipVMvlj (r<>uc'ilW 
with JarL stri^n-*. \toih Bcira and lln- cliiikriLt un' njioiiml 
ID umHy Ihi' Hiine iriiiniitr. Tlii* \ncn\ ptiim>i^r< of th? 
Si*fc»ni;hl hnntitm w* th** wiiiK' m bolli scv*?*, uikL in t!ii' yo(jn^ 
ciiicki'ii:^ the iviii^'-ft-'ullLi-r? arc iltsMrn'tU'. Iliituj^li iiit|iMrri^k'lly 
lao^. ^fibnj:lHl HainburgM, hnwovor^ oilrr u |inriml pt£fi> 
li<>n; for ttu' Iwa wsc*-. Iliod^rJi not qiiil'.' uljkr. lYvtiEiUe 
tatli wlLer iiLurc iliMi-lj tliuji ilo the nir* cjf tlir uliorigiiml 
pAr«llL<4|(H:i««; 5'cl Ih^T fflr[|uirif th^^ir c^lLara£-l(>r]#tic^ jiluiaitge 
late in life* fot tfK^ chitkt'rif ait: <listiiK-liy iieDL-Jllod. With 
rv8|kr(1 lu othtrr cliarHrli-rn tr-(iifi.*i i-rjliiiir, in Iht* n'iliJ-[MirOTlt 
ri|}ociT« n:u\ in nuMt of the dornrsiii* t>r(>f'[|ii, tho mtilm alono 
noM<** A mll'di'VrlopL'J cojub: but in llie vovjiii: v»f the 
SfwntFtli (iy»} It i« l^ir^t-ly i1i<V{'l'i[>Hl n\ a very i-iirlv u^'^-'. lUiil, 
in iLccordanc-k? vilh tlni^ rjirly <itfT(«]o)Ji[irni in th^ mnlc, it 
ifi of iinunuhl ?<ijH- ill tbt mJuU f^'itmlL'. lu lli« Gauie breeds 
]iu^fidcity U (]cvi>!r]|u*il ot n wr>ndtrf)jlly ^arly fl^e. of u'liioh 
Ciirirnifl pronf* could lie givr-n; imd t.hi* charnolcr ii^ Imrd- 
mitlMJ C(i lji.ftli }4exi?. eii titbit llie bens, fruiii llivir e\treiiia 

(injfnw^'ity, orn now j^orK-niDy exliibited in 4i']>flrttie |)»?na, 
^'ilJi tilt PoHdi brwd?* the h'>Ti> pr<ituhrrnncr- of the skiJl 
vTiioS ^iijifHjj'ls llif ireft ih |mi"iirtlly di'v*'lij[*f'd tvcn iM-fure 
Ihi' i-lnokrriK nrr* hntvlivil, ami tlio (tlhI itaolf floi^u be^,'iiu 
lu Kru«, tbongh at fire!- frnbly; '" Jind in rhin hrcfd the 
udiilF^ ftf hntfi H'Kf^K »n< I'Lura (.-tended by a ^ivat bony pra- 
tnl>«mnoo ani an immpact^ i!rt*i. 

Mmilly, from wtml ui- have now ween of the rflatJon 
vrldcii cxiste in mony nahmil v|j<^ciiv and donietitii'aivd raccfi, 

" flit fvU imli-JularT* aekI fr-rVivfikf • rtvpr I to ihn liiflmr nn'uniiK tin mk 

ana] J 1h«*<- |--'JijU if^-gic'Eiij^ e^a »«- iiui -lill'.-n-iii't'b vN.<-h hutr nrni'il im- 

ffsl r<fivb of tJic TutfL i»^r ■ Virlii- ilp^r iI-iimiiraiMm mi Ji*;iibvii Uiil» 

t^unuf AniTnkln (Hid ?luil-> tuAvt \}v miuc vrtrk under tbt bfwi of «i0h 



:^4l fUB DBSCKNT OP MAN. Pimr tl. 

between ihi* pcrimT nf the tleVL-lopmt^nt of tUmr chantcXcn 
and tlw luaniTT of thflir fninsxnisniori — ftir oxamiik, the 
AtrikinK tmi of lUc «rl> growth of tlic hi>riw iji Iht rtfiii- 
deer, in wliirh IhiIIi ni'X«< Iwnr luiriitf, in ('iitEijiiirimHi with 
lliLir much Uu^r ppoutli in iliv othdT iip4id«f! in which The 
inalc nlcinc bcoiB boruH— wp may cont-luae that L>m, tli^ugU 
not th^ aili-* niiiiir <»r t'bimii'Ii-m tjtiiri^i: i-nluwivi'Iy (nlu^ritni 
bv <>nf> riC*]c, ii^ their il^^vtlopnif^nt at a Idtn ugv. Ami Hf>t'miiily, 
Imit <HJt, UiiiUf'h fti>[wueiilty a Irbs I'tlk-ieut caane of i-harac:- 
tprn h.>iiig inh<-riloi1 Lv b<4h w^t'it, i* Ihoir fU"V4'lopm<*iil al 
aEi curly u^'c, vhij^i the ^M?e <]ilfer but little* in conflitu^ 
iiuu. It ap[ivEir4, lko»i^vi-r. tbnt »i>mr dilTer<?iK't^ lUuHt fJttHi 
b<^tWH-n thr fi^Xf* fv<*n iliiring m vi*ry t-iHy einbryunk pi^riod. 
Tor I'lkuructi'Ts d^vcLo^«d at this a^o not raroly become at- 
Im.'liHl Ui une m-i. 

f^umnian/ anef concluding remarhs.—Vroni tti^ foregoing 
(lisruwmn nij llii* vimuufl Ibw?< ijf iMht-riUiK-c-. ^v Wni tlmt 
tiip t'hftraclcn: of ih** [wm^nt* oftpn^ or vvmi goutrally, tend 
tr> b*>comE^ dc-vt^1u]jed iii tlit' otrd|>i'[ng of the ^amc- bo:!, at tho 
^iinf Ht^, Hnd jxTBiKiiiiiliy »t llit> KUfriir M'HHon of thi* year. 
ill which thi^Y liri:t npitfimnl iu Ihi* jiiin^ntfi, But thwp ruk*, 
ciiviii^ to uiiKiiuwit lauauj^. are far from belri^ fi:£cd. Henc« 
dnriitj^ (ht* ]nudi1i4'Mti'<n of a vjR'clt^ thi* tmvvvHVtvi* (.■hnngi'd 
may ri^tuhly tw trnnnmiltix^ in difTcivnt wnyi; tanu- to t>no 
aex, and bohr' tii kittn somi.* to the ulTaprtn^LT al oni.- a)?e. and 
soni^ io tho tilTfprin^ al all a^vt. Not only ari' ihi* itiv* of 
inhiTJiotico ['Tttr4?mcly complex, hut wo nrv tfic cnuMK n'hJch 
indiK'f flnd ^i^vern vanahility. Tht* vartalJuLtn Hiua Imluced 
ar? pi^e^ned and accuniulaU-d by stAiial ^I'W'lion. i^hich 
ia ju iUdf UTi oxiremely compkx alfnir, HcpcndiTi&r, a» it 
d(if«, I'll Iho ftrdmir in hivi?, the nuini^'e. And tlie rivalry uf 
the males, jw ^^ell aa on th« poin^w of ptfreetitiou. lln' ta*le, 
and will of the fvnud?, Sexual itelcctinn vill aI«o W Urge-ly 
domiiiati.-d hv nnlnral wleotion ri-mlin^ toward»< the ^^neral 
welfare of the specioi. ilent'L* tin? mnnni-r in whuh lh« 
individuals of cilhcr er hoth iwxr» have hrk^n alfcvlcd thrt>uj;h 
M'Knnl wj-lprlion cannot fail In lie e(>m(dex in th« hightwt 

Wtirti ranntions owof lat« in life In one »cx» and are 
(r*xiiimiftr*l In the Hfime 9M at th<? same age. the other set 
and Lhv yonn)- uru WH uiinLudEfi(?d, VVhcn thry i>i^"ur ]at4 
in life, tiul nrc tron^nwtt*d to both wkcs at ttii." aann; agCp 
Ihr youn^ alone are l^ft nnmodihcd, VaHaLicras, hov^«r, 
may occur at any ptyrio^ of lift in one ikoi or in hoth» and 




Cm^r. Tilt. 



be Inui^miMH to bnlh tvxfi^ nt nil ii^iv,. ami Uii^n all Uic 
iniliri^tnaU •^f (he ajK^f* arr iinnlnrk m^idirird In the fo!- 
loniuj; chn|<1ifi>i it vl|] lie m-i-ii UcaI ail thi.'t< lEt^c^ frc- 
qiifiJIy oE-i'Lir ill Hiihinv 

Sfjdifll (^W'tion CUD Ti4<vor Act en any animal iMforc^ tlt« 
igt for reprtxltniion arrivt*. !-Tcm (he jfrtial caftorneM of 
ihv mulr it ha* >ini«'nLlly acW ou tliU «*x ami noi uii Ih*? frv 
malt^. Tiw nukfj hav<> th»9 hoomr* praviiJmJ vith w«j|>eni 
for %hliii|; wilii (Jirir rivaK vitb oryaofi lor diKovcring 
imH fci.'ciiri'ly ^lolilinfj !lu' f*nn:i!<-. and fnr i-snUii>? ur cliHrni- 
m^ bcr \\'\hi\ the »c>Pti differ in Ihfw ^^*p^'Ltr^ it i^ »Ib4o, 
ftA He lidve nei'U. Ati eilituR'ly ^'riii-fiil lu^t' lliat ftjc adult 
mull- dilTtT* morv or \va from iho vonnp iiiaU'; ind wt> may 
coiKlilric from fhif Wt thai ihi* iHcccftit vi* %iuiatirinc, by 
whiiJi lht.» fl'lull ttiali' l>''i.*iiin' irmdil^fil, ilirl fii>l goriirrally 
otvur mueli Wloic tlif uge for roi^ruduciion. Wlieiiover 
iiome or niAny of the Tariuli-^n* orrurrod POt\y to lif^ (he 
ynung iitaloi would |iAriak4> iiinro nr tfvu of IHp ehfliiicti?T« of 
lU? Auult nuikji: ami dilfcronc-oi uf (iiift kind l>ehveeD llie 
oM and young m^lff miiy bo obKi-ied io nuitiy vi^ccm of 

U ifl probftbk' thflt younj: mulo LtmmnU hUTt oKi-n ttnded 
tf> Tary in a dihiiuit ulij<)k maild nut imly hnti- Ini'H of no 
[iBe to Them al an <*arly npe. bui wniild havo In*!'!! achiaJly 
irijnrtoa* -os hy ar^itiinn^; hni;lit onltiurtf, whiih would 
rcntlrr them M^nitpiciioiih to their cm-miiv, 'V hy iLifiuiriii^ 
»rruri(ir«£, 8iicli av firv&i hihrns, wliicb would (^ipi^Md inu<^h 
vlla) ioTce in ihrir dcTrlopmrnl. VnmlitiriH of Ihiw kind 
ocnirrinp in thr ynnng matpK vniild jilmm-l ci*rt»inly bo 
f'limiiuilfxi thmu;-h natural ?i?l(*c-l]<in, With Eh<^ adult and 
pxpim-ncrd niaW. on llii: <»lhrr Iwml. tbv aihaiiln^*'* '^*^ 
rivpil from ih** at^tniifiition nf fiMi:»h rhaTRplrr*, wn*dd nu>rp 
tfiar cvitjiKf^rbaknco »ofnc cipofturo to dan;^, and «0Tit& loaa 
of viUl f-irn.-- 

Ak ^amtione wbioh givr to tbr main a Mirr <-baTicD 
of comincrin^; otlitr tnal^«, i>r of tindini:, *cci»nni:. or charTO- 
ing the npfiriHiEr n.'t, wrfnid, if thi^ ba|r|ii-iu*d fii «n« in 
tho fomaU, Iht of no wrvirft to Uvr, ihey wouUl Uf>! he |«i*- 
eriTfd in her throujfh feitial »c1«(tioii. VVc have al«o ^od 
^dt^nce «ilfa (lormi4|rr:Lted Jkiiiinajy. that tMri»tion» of all 
kind« ttiv>, if nri wirpfnlly nfloHcd, *ociri Wf 1hrou;i*i int^r- 
c-ro^Ln^ and ftcddctilfll doaih». Con^i.^ciuonliy in a ^talR 
nf nalnn*. if larbttiEii^ of ih«- abovr kind ibanot^d lo ailM 
in IhL- frinah^ Im*-, and to Up tmnrmittcd cxoltiti^rh in (bir* 
tine, Uicy Hould l>e e^tfcincly liable to he lo«t. If, Lo^cvcr, 



Vahx U 

charactcpa lo their (ilTt|*ring i>f li^ih *^iw, the oliarft<!(*rii 
which wtn: H<!viLTilji;;i^!UM to thr mhli? w<>uM hv ]tmi-r%fi\ 
hy ttif'iu rhrnuxl" *i^»ujil *i-lrHirin, urn! Ih<^ Iwjt wr-xi* wouUI 
m cooiT^iwocP be mofiifJod in thf* pamp? warinei, AkhoUj:h 
fim-h fhar<ioler& vrvrf of no Ufe to the Knwlfa; l«il I »IiaU 
liirr^rttT hnvi' tfi miir In**p inon* irih'it'jiti' i"r>n1iiip^HH(»8 
l-riptly, tlip femnle* mftT fl™utr\ nnd nppflri^mly haw often 
ttcLjuin-il liy traiiflftreute, dittn]<.U't> fii«u thi- muIi- w-i. 

A* vnriiiltoun orrurrmit Inl.r in lifi*, miil ImnAiiiiLlf'd to 
ono &*x al'»nf?, hav*? inccwiontly Iccn Ukvn advnMfl^*!.' of ami 
Htvuicuiljil'.il lliruLi|j!] a».'\uu1 M-Wtiou in n-Uiimi U> thp 
roprcKliiciiou ^^f the tywf^; Ihcrt-fom it Bpfn^aiv, al firet 
aifht, nn un^cv^uritalilc fact rlial t^iiiiilar vfiridlimt- litkro 
not fiL'ijnt-iitlv Ufii nctmuuJiiU'il ihr'ni^h antunil M-Wliini» 
in lybtinit to Ihr ordinmy hnbilt <if life, H thii; liml od- 
carrel, tlw iwo *cx«^ would often have b^va dilTerfutlj 
rnrjrliriecl, fur the va\iv. for iiikIhik'o, nf rHplurihg prey m \tt 
Q*cji\'nu^ from ddfi^-«r, DiilorciK'r* of thi* kin<i bi*lweoii 
the iyvK' N?.\(* d<:» (.nH^abliriially oicur. i>jnvijilly hi tlie lower 
eUiiie-i. Htit Ihn iTji|»]HS thar the lw-i> jn^-H Ftill'.m difTflrenl 
hnViiU in fhfir istnipplrfi for r:iiij|i'ni r^ wliuh la n nvrv cirvuui' 
alariLi^ wjlli lit fii^Inr aitiinalh. The L^a*e. h<»«"evcT, t» 
wiilcty ililTt>ri-Dt with i1k< Kproduotive fim<lti^rn. )n nbich 
respppt the ms** jicfi'wftrih' iJctFi^r. Kor xarinlioce iit slruo- 
lure whjt'h are related to the** fiiiictiorts hsut- nftirij jn'oi^'d 
of value to one sci, and from Imrinj^ anwD nl s late period 
of life, Tiavc been trnn^mittcfl to otw *ci alone: ftna «:eh 
vanatfora. (hiis pr^-icrvwi ami tninxmiUpd, hnxi* givr-ii rite 
Xf r^yyimlnn' f'fxuni ihiirflol^orVH 

In Ihe follrmirti; ehapd^iT, I flhnll Jre«t of l}»e Bec'oodary 
*eiual eharacler* in animal* of all phit*r*, "iid *h^il1 riidrav- 
our in eiich cojl* to oppW th<^ [Trint»[ilo* ctf)lflin<^il in thu 
l>reiii'"nt <}ia;»ter. The TonT>t, flnsM.'* nil! iltrtaiu iia for a 
tery tiliorl Tim<>. but llie hiphtr fliiimiiU, rajieerally hinU. 
mtiftt W tr«a1rd at cni]Bi>UTBMc" len^Ji- It should Im^ homo 
in mind thnt for rrnu^nK Mlnndy A»i|.'iieiL. 1 iiilcnd lo gire 
only a fev illiietrative inclaneiv M the inntimcrahle vtnic* 
turwt hy the *i<I of vhich llie male find* the feniiLlr, ttt, 
when fmitid, hold* h*T. Otr the nlhr-r haml. all stnicUirw 
and mMincI^ hy the nid nf whirh Xhc nml*' cvirM]oer« uth&f 
main", iiiid by which he allure* r* ex<ile* ihfl fi-mnlr^ will 
h(i fiilly dUeu«K:<d, ta thvw Mve in manjr ways Hie nifj«t in- 




animtilv hfionging to various cAw^m, 

j\jf nil or»?, HK far us J can discover, bu paid atlfMition 
(q thr rrlntirr riim^>rni nf tlii- tw> jvxcfi throughout th^ 
amrnat kinj^i^nn, ) will Urri* hIvp fiub mntPmU nw I hav? 
li«ai aMi.' I'j (uik'ot, iiltliough till')' ait' ^'itrvnitly impcr- 
frcL TtK'j f'oriitiM in oiilv a t:w iJlPtJUtn^^ of ncliuil rnri' 
m^raiion, nmj |U«» mimlirin am nf>t vrry Urgp. An tht^ prn- 
jwrli^tn* urt- kiioini wiiU L'f^rluiuly only in maukitid, 1 will 
flmt givv lhri» tit- n HtAniiurtl of citMi|iariwiti. 


i/ori. — In Kn;cUnil during kn j^ars (from Ifi57 to ]66S) 



nitmhi-r i>f <'h;1ilrr'ii Imrn Hlivr vmrlv h«is TOT, 

r^O, [ft lh{* |>roiJ0ttL>n of U»l,o innlc? to lUU feniftl««^ Bill 

in 13S< Uir mvir Uiilib llitvui-Uuqt Eii^Und were «b I05,ii, 
iiiul in IfifiA M Kil ro 100 !/tfiling to Krpiinit<^ ilJ*(rit'U^ 
in Biickitij^haniehirp (where ahout JOCH' chil'Jfvn ere im> 
tiualK bijrri) lilt uir^n }no\ion'n-n of male to ft-mali' birllie, 
duririg Uic wholt* pprioti of the ahore ten yvun, waft ju 
109^ to lOQ; uhilM in X. Wale* (vKcre ihc svrmgt an- 
oiml binhh arv n^T.'J) i1 wmi bh higU as It)6.a tu lOO. 
TAkibit a MUL Hmallcr di^trict^ vix,» KutUndiihirc (wh<Jrv iIia 
Annual bihht ftvi^ra^p cnl.y '3^). in 1864 the nnii? l/irlh» 
uerp fld lUJt. and in IH6'^ a?) only 9T.0 1o in[^: Imt evva 
rn Ihii: BtnAll timtml tlifr nvcnif;L< of tli» 7385 birttix ilunnfc 
the whole tfn ycnre, wa* o^ 1^4.5 lf> l(K*: thflt i» in llit? wmft 
fitlo as thrriu^'hoiii Kn^ihiTid." Tin- pnoj>orlioiif arr some- 
time* ftli^htly diMurlivd L>y unknown ciiUffC»; thuti VtoL 
Faye ^Uli9 *' thiit in ^omo di6lrlct« of Norway tbcTc haa 
been dur^o}^ a decennial period a et^y dellci^cy of boyfp 
^vhilid ill f>lbeT» llic tippooitc cvndilion Haq i-xivled-'' In 
Frnnrr diiring forly-foiir yv»T* ihtr mnlv in tin* frmalr hirtliit 
liat^ »>wn ns JOG.i lo ItX^: bm during this period it haa 
occurrtHJ tivc linirti in one d-rimrlnj^^nf, and aix linies ed *i>- 
nthrr, Hint Ihr fmialo hiiths havr rm*rdrd Ibr niHli^. In 
ItnoJin tlLi^ avora^e fii^p<>rtion i£ A£ bigh a£ Ifi^.^l, and in 
rhiUlclphm in U>e Unitt^l SUtn aa 110.3 to lOO.** The 

i>4 Cwktrtr.OtfUmT far im* tfl 

9ttvt ryf V'-f, Yiyv'i tf^Bifhws in 

'ilriri-4 mn<l K>f«rirrr MhlicivCbiniTjf. 

1««r * ^ SI1. For riillwJ«t»h^ l>r. 

•-ft' IfTt Fcf Ih* Cbiw of (>:nl 
II^QiiDttl<lv^''C*4liy ]iT. 11, tl- 

jnQuli iufcpniiBfioii ir f\*4ili OD ihi pK* 
ppniciu of urn ftka. 

.J .Gooi^lc 


Pit* U. 

rivrtn^n fur Kt]rii|ii.\ (liilunnl \iy iSirkt^ji from fi1>ijiit f^^rrnty 

, million liirtl^s i> lot: nialv« to* lOl) f^rnknlo^ On ihe othor 
liAiui> wiUi wliitt ilitUix'Ti Lorn at Ihi? t'iipv pf Uood Hopo, 
Ulv prirpirtimi of mnli'-s Ic^ ko lnw n»^ in llut-hiiitr iliitin^ xiir- 
cweiv*> yosr*. twtvwn Ht) ntid Uli males for evt^ry UiO fflinal«*w 
It ift u i]iu}:ubr Ittct tliut with Jl-ab tiic pruportk-u of male 
liirthit in ilt<i-ic|ri]|y lur^rr ibmB wtrli ITlirUtiuiiA: IhuK in 
rm^TA Xhv |iro}K>rLn>ii in n*' I IH, in Brp^^lAii as 114, ftnil in 
liiTouia A^ 1;;0 (o lUO; the (.lirioCiau birtUo in tlie^e c^uu- 
1rii*ft Ik'iiiK tl^ii' Kunu.' iifi uHud, fur inKtiiu(.-i*, in Uvoula uft 
aoi to KJa*^ 

Tiiff, I'aje Ti'itinibA ihhi "a *tiU greater prcpoDdertDce 
of iniak'Ji u'^iuUI In.* m«t with, il iluMth dnick both »exce in 
cqiifll T*^rtporlion in tfic worob ond during; liirth. Birt the 

,uct ifi, thut firr t'Yez'j lUO Alill'l)'>iti ffiJiulej!^. we hitv^ iii »ti- 
cuurjtri(?» tnMu 131.(1 t« lH,li *uU-lh>ria luftUy. Uuring 
firfrt foiii or five years of lif".', a\»<^\ niirc m^ilc chiWrvn 
dio llmti r^MriHli^ fur oxnM]|>Iv in ICiif;lHiii1. clurin^' llii^ firti 
y^iar, I'-tti hoyit dio (iir rvt^rj' 11*0 ^irU — a jimiortiuu wUi-^h 
in l^'raiicc h *till mcirt- iiiifnvoiirflbic/" '^ i»r, Storkton- 
Hough accinjiitfe for Jht-so facts in pari hy th* innre fp<^ji>pnt 
dofcctivc clcvclupmuttt vt nuAw iittui <if Ftmuli<:^ Wo hav4> 

'Icforc fccn that thr male sex i« more varuiblr in etnirturr 
llian iho fvinale; and TflnatioD^ Id imjKirtftnt organs voiili 
p'UtTaily Ijt LDJuriciua. Hut ihv mkl' of tin? liuily, [intl cupe- 
cially trf Ibe biwlf In'in^j kirinl'T in nw\v thnii fi^nuili' irirmilii 
ia another canto: for tht> mak-s an* Ih^ifi mon? Yi-iUh in 
Iw liijiirtd duriiiic jiurturitton. t^uBtnuuiilly thv &tilM>i>m 
imhIitvi hfr tnorc' tiLimr*miiM; nn<1, n* r liijihiy f'(hni|ii'1riit juilji'i*, 
I>p. Crichlon Browne." helievce. iiitile infants often wflur 
[in liealth for hoicic }vurM After birth. OwJii£ to tkifr «ice>9 
ill lilt! rlt^tWutc »t nmlv rhitdcvit,}i nl birtli and fur 
Boine time «iibeoqu«fitJ,T, and oving lo tti^ oxpomro of grovn 


il bu iIju Jew*, hc M 


•* ' BiiLtiti *nil Pomitfri M^illtii^ 

I"f. Wimli *l"i.i tiLiwr^ ( Taalli An- 
tivitl Eff^trl* cjf flirrh*, I^c4l}», Jii?,, \Ji 

In ^lUVLtniiivfN ft ffinoi LIaHIU^ to 
lb* roiii|i1». Thr fv^ riL^viWrif, ^f 

feivl irrpQft'itjitiota*! ppcdlturii^ due lo 

*'Wni Hltribtf LmuhUa ABjIuin 

Plrir|Ai-n hii* jrorM lW Ihv hrvl Of 

Ti-Timlt hv F- fLbftAroD lo^]) ^n rlmim* 
frTPiipr, nriil J'y l-filh lit inripveriki 

vi^Tiiftii it FriirrL oimilur than tnin : >*« 
I»i, rM,iir*i». ' Ki'iTundhj, r«rtJlltj- 



men lo vbiiocis clanfcrv, and io Ihcir Irniicnojr to fiaigrale, 
fiti' firrimli'ri Ir all olil-ttfltlt^Hl «>ii)rtn<^. w)wrv i^inl'Mt-aX 
rp(VTii» lifivc Ixvn k'-pt," nrg frmiK) [o pivpnndL'rttlo con- 
siderably rtvCT the DUlk'-», 

h seisms At lirat et^fit a mj^lprloiu feet that in ditTer^^tit 
imlioor, uiidiT fhffrrv:it I'-Jiidttioiit n^d clitiuto?, in >J(t|fK-Kr 
IVajwia, Wp-ripli.ilio, ilolUml, I'mnci-, KrjzUnri Antl the 
Unit«d Slfltoe, the vxopr^ oi inal^ over feniAtr births iu loe^ 
vrhrii thcj un- il1ei;itiitvAtv tlino when lc>ELlrmutc,''* Thisi 
h«« brrti rxplninnj hy <niT*Trnt wtiiirra ill inonj dilTercal 
tmy;, BH fwii> lb*> nt<*lher* h^iog generally young, from the 
Urp.' pri>pnrti*>ii i>f firat pTr)-imr;ti^, A<. Bi^t w* huve jwea 
th^l mnlr iiifiiniM, friwii ihr Ihtjip kixj* of nu-ir hi'jitln, MilTrr 
more IhAit femnle Lnfaiitir lunr;; {>aiiuhii':kDL aTi<i afl th^ 
moth«7% of iilr^tliiiLaU' cliiliJttE] nnut !ju- inr>t»" liwMt Ihan 
nfhrr u''>nu-'Ci hi uHdiTK*' h"d liiMouni. from tntiout f^uiiv, 
such lu- atU'nftpti' o1 t'orictfilmetjl h\ li^'hl lai^irj:. hard wortr, 
ilii^rt^ of imnd. Ac, Ihrir iiwih" mfanU nuuld prjpuilir>u- 
alily Bufft^r And ihi* pn>UibJy if the mo*t eilidciit of dl 
the miifate of llie pmporlion of iiialcr to f^'innfoi hom nWvo 
bei]]^ li;4^ aiiiuu|i;f^t illi'^irimuir i-hiMieTi ihati aihoiv^A tit*? 
legifinuti-^ Wiih nu'^t inimuU th^.' ^-THiior fcm- of iho idull 
mue than of the fcmalr, i* dno lo Ihr i»troni:cr mnic* haviD^ 
r'OiKint'TVil the ^ealv^^r in tlieir stru^lj* for iiw pi.i»«(«sJon 
of ihi? fviTiatov, «iLd nodr>uljt i1 i» n^iits^Xo Ibi* ffiot tliat th« 
two fcxw of nl [ciMt Home nnimAls tiifTrr in wiac at hirth- 
Thns we havo the riiHoriA fnH lliiil we mny nltrihule the 
coore frvqaeot dinitht^ of umlv than female mfantv, Mt»iH<ialty 
aimiRpi iht- illr^ilJinntc, at IolhI in part lo nrxuaj ^ckction. 

U hftK often hefn f^iipimApd IhnI thu relative Age of th9 
two parmC4 ddermiutv the c«x of the otT^fring; and Trof, 
TiL-uc-hiuL *^ ha:» ailvnuccd ^hai Uc ccmiiiiltr^ sufTK'ic-nl cri* 
ifrtin^ (lith ivfiiKvl to man and certain dnmcUirjiifM ani- 
majfi, th»t tliia na one iinpoHnnl tliongh nol the Ai*k factor 
in thf rttiilL S« again tln^ jji-rmd nf i]Mpiv>?nalii*tt ivlu' 
tivHy tn Iho *tate rif th^ female hat h^n thniighl hv sntui* 
to be the oHL-ieni cauiio: but rt'icenl uhHTsatiiMi^ dtMounle- 
Uaiicb tliia briief- Auxirdiiig Ln Dr. Etlucktuu^UaiJ^h,** 

' With %h9 BTV* ftuflpuji nf 
l^iinvitar. mOfilli]^ to Uiv Kiciiratr 
Ainn rv4y«iN«w»rAn>frii|Uviuv- 

rtil.'kim.ll r*<r>.p.fiO, |T»;,El[« won>- 


on BEilI'Som fliililm On tllfffhl 
milflphllilnn Iti F,iitf]iirxl,i4v Kspin 
c-r Uef^iUar tiiotni rtrr 1 f M,' |l Jiv. 

■ Lt'iif^bmn, in Watfi»r 'll^ndir^r* 


■ SArUlhaapni A*oa of Phil«dal- 



pAMt a 

Uie u^a8i.m of llio yeau l}i<? jtovertv or iiri<akh of tW [iflT- 
criiU, rmdfucv m Ibc counti-y or in ciU<«. the orotumj; iif 
forci^ immi^ftnt^ (cc, nil inllur-nrc Ihr proporlion of 

lh<*»*>^«?pi With iiiHTiKiriO, |Hi]jgaT*»^* hwK ji!tj> \ivvt* HupnrH^l 
to iciiH lo tfur [jirlh of a gn.'^ittT prO[»ur|inn of fumiilv iiiianid; 
but Dr, J, (.'ampWl"' cnrrfuHj ntlmdr^l t'l ihi* Mil-jrrt in 
tlio baTonrfe nf Sinni^ nnH ni>!iHiuJiifi (hfti iTip prnpr^riimi of 
rmlc to fi'iiMli? TiriliH jf llLf> HUtiio of^ frorri itHinn-^jiiTimid 
iiiik'Hf', llHrvlIjf .iii> HnifiLJil l»^* Ix-ni nTntrinl ?*(» hij^hly 
poUpinimiA At the ICnglJth r)iiT-bnT>c, Atid vp thnll imtrinli- 
uiAy »cc Ihnt his iit"k' and fttnule olTtprjii^ aio fl[iiit*it Gx- 
nrtly rnufil in iiuiiibrr. T will now f:hv Uic faiilB wUirli I 
have colled^d vitb rpffi«ct to rh« |»roprtrtioiia] nDmbt^n: of 
the r^xi-a of vnrioud aaimab: aud will 1h<?u bri-.-f!y discu« 
bow f)ir H'trT-lion hiix crmie inla pUy m lii^iiirniiniii^ LHk 

//iflfw*,— Mr TbffpfmpinrhiwKvN *rtl:inH lu t^labnlBl* form* from 

thff ■ RjiPlnc TftJonilar' ihr hiriln fif riv>n-hrir*(*» during • pcnnrt ff 
lti*MW.y-uuv Vl■Jif^ vit- fi'nm ]M'] hi HWT; lh4W i-cinj; omRlPvl. pu un pp- 
lurijc wr(T iW >'ar ijntili-lml, Tb<' u.loJ liirtTi- wrrp Sfl.iOO," oftn^ial- 
\ns *>t l'^.''^' miLic? Hnd 1^,7VT frmnJrM. i>r in Ehfl pro|inrtion «f OO^T 

thAT Afv ilmwii fn>ni iiXl |»itt* iif KTiirlund, diiniijr 'iifvnl y«4ni. m> mnjr 
■irli iriiiuli i'iiiiniti<rt<iK 4'niijihii3i« rhm iviih r K^' tTrmnulin fiotsr, fir hi li*ft«t 
i*lrh Tfio nuv'Jmr"*', thn iwn «<ic«t jin* piPiiTiin»*l in Krmrit.i pijiibI num* 
|jpf>v 1'[i<i nm-li)niiit(j> hi i}ii> |l^l|^1^TlllTl< iliirinkf nmrj^ivi* yi«r* am 
olt'wlit lilip llj<i**- whivli <Kn'iir with iiiimkiTnl. whi^n 9 "rriall ivml titirilj^ 
popiilnloil ftirrt wt'iTi^idiTt'ili ihuj in l8VJihc maic lirncj «ctp n* 107,1, 
hm 111 l^fiT fti only 1W,S I*. IIKI fpinnlnj. In fhu InlmUloU rolgrnv 1h« 
ppup>rtlan> rt*/T la cydflM, fhi ihhIh* ^^u-uhIbcI tIih fomHiw- tliinri^ 
KJI ii»f-r4*v«kvi> viwrc; Jiml Mir ri<inAlr<« j<ti'rnir<i llin rnftk^ <)imTI£ t**^ 
pvriinlt auih of fnuf ymrv; l^iL.\ hnwript, ruky hv ai\'itWnJi\\ ; ii l^uMt I 
uh (U'K'lH iiL't.liiric uC tlitr Uml tfitli rimn iii |lw ilk^i^iiiii/il tabtii in Uiv 

Av'- P'n-iria ■ fH«fini-l flf t^r« y^n^ from 1S6T to IBG^ the 
birtluof a Urge minib«r rjf ^i^avhixiutii. tbrvu^h'tuL Knfriiind, w#ti' Milt 

fof iijin'fullj' (jiTnilHlihj: (hi* rmiili^ Thi' rri*oMffl Nrth* *vtv< W7^. 
ofpnei^Tiae <if WlliQ iiiijli-> uu*] U'fTU frijiAF^t. Itinl ii^ hi llu' |iniiT<*rlii>Ti <1 
lin.l m*li'* I'J UWJ fiTrifik'*. Til-' irr-ftttM ninhinlimi? rKcs, U> 1^. 
*li'-ri iTift ]ir*Jivirli'Hi **i it* OH.S "uikv rni'l in 1**0T^ r^' I1I-.3 iiiftl'*^ tn 
mo fomnln*. Th" hKivm n^cfnco |fniiKTl*'i|> of IKM fi> lOU ir- pr«kl«hly 
n«ifly crrrf^l tn Ifincn^p of tlio f^rrvWuiML Imt vWivr il vt^^uld fiolji 
irlth EiEhnr dnntfetllcni'^t hrnrnlA In kri wmn Avgrfv rXnutittn]. Mr. r»[H 


kept i>f t\m nijinh^r 'if ii>4r*« wlii^S 
p^>v^Nl hnrwn oi- prflinBTuMr >h|i(>*l 
iIj«Jr f'tilm iiihI II ^Wif^r^i" [loiUv, m* 
vht^vinkf *"*■* in'i'fTilf' ^J>«r fiifbly 
aaruirad ind rtihtf cloa^r-tiitiitiTfnl 

MUiiiu%i huvt bH.<jmev ihai ik4 f^ 
fhvb Ml* tlli^i tif tho itiAfv* Mini t4 
prmliiiiv tlvlftf t*m\* That Jurinif 
HA'i, ^IJ llUlf! f'lTia (inil flA fVrihiilo 
i«>TT> ■frf' Ivprn, md 741 m<PT4 Tji'iIaI 

&AA itibIi.-- nml V>J fefimlu wvn boft^ 
Ami iV4 iLivtut fulid. 



plc# hm 0D^uir«d trom i»Tf<r*J grf*i br*t<|m of it^p* dind flndfi Ihi^l bit 
wilhoul *KHtillnn Mliti* Iti4i li-nm-l"* art* |iniit(irMil m tfii.vni; but h« 

(ffljri ori UiO miuJ. 

trai«4; » 1b«t Uh follottin^ rrliitn* Ja ruit giv« Ihft J>t^>p>>ttutnl it 
litnli. Viv«Af Mr, I flnat ibfti wvnU frnvi bimili>r» In Nviilnml, «'hn 

praportioii c| iiiaUvi [hnri nf ffimili^ <1il* ilnrinj.- ihc Qr^l yur or tiffo. 
lh*n «L lh# kgi^ of ■'.Aflnii^jn. 

vtrti. lu vfi t»vT hwri. '~*':^i'^ WTlh tiitukjn'l, Mrl fu^lh ^^h^h pr^ltfiMy 
4cp*n<l on Ibc <nni? oaiiv. f hkr^ rutTifcl rrtumt fn>iii four gpiitio* 
mn* in Knf Uijd »hi> hum bnrrf Iji^vUihI *hivp, I'hlnflj I^lrratupK. iiar~ 
llif lht» U»( Ml tutJkUifu jf.i«r>; iljiftdiittKiTii Hjr^ijrtJihfr to KlHA MrtliB^ 
cudjjsUtii: of 440T idiiIh bnd 4A^ fr?niiiJ<^9, IUaI Is j[i iLi- [<ioiiDrtk4->[L cf 
WLTkmIm to lOOfemnli* WiUi rptji«t to CJi^viH unl bWk 'mi^J 
•hM bt*d in HcAlUriHt 1 hA^( ri>L4liid (vivrrth fr><m hn ItrvxHlcr^, Itvd 
«{ Lb«iD 00 ft !■'>;»' Mu^l*. c^irlU f»r Ibn viiipi. nyjl-isitu, 'inir •nni» (if 
ihft rtrorns rtl^nft te?k (it IMra. Thf tr»ial iinmhirr rowpn'^] iLivioiiniJi 
ta iUXA^ airi*l>llnir "f Z^ff!^ iiuilrv timl SA.AU fi-ritji]i>, u: iti ihi- pni- 
portioD of 9TJ) rD&lr? to 100 ffiVJili^t If np Ukv iLv Kiieti^h npiil 
woU^k rvluiTiA tpQfx^^^'- ^hc t«<tikl number amoimta to frV.4M. eouMvlitLh: 
of 0111479 mnltv jui<^ ?!OJT^ (nnd^ or n V7.7 Lu tW. 80 tKiii witK 
Bh«cp it th^ A^r of <wtfvi;<>n thi- fomtloi srr cortfiiiilT in cicca *A tJu 
iDAlot, bm pn>t4l>lj^ MiEi v«aM n^t hnM p<mi1 nl birlh-** 

Of r-o'l/' I li***' nw»*irp<l rKiifn* fT>»«i Tiirn- priinrlfnu-nnf HKt brrlht. 
loo fpw Ip t)^ tni««I: »fi»-ir r"n*1"fM i>f 47t hjiil-piiUrt iimi .>«*m«» 
onhfui !,«.. In ttic (iri"|i«:ifili"ii uf nM mub^ In UK* fvnmliBi. Tin' K»r, 
Wh n, Fi»t tiif<iriu« mo ifmL in IW iFiit nf ;H i*»1<t» Wn *»ri a fftrm in 
Dvrbjrthir^ only ono iras a bnU. Mr. ilnri'i-^n WtjF hn* vm^iuri^t frma 
MTOn] 1iT(#J«n <<( A^A luv) moal of iK^m ii*rin]iLr(> Uir itijiliMi> thd 
f«nulB birthx b jtTmul ? to 41, Thii tsruK jfi^hTtriiHrtu ho^ hn\i Knllftlg 
tor miihf 5V«r«. iml bm nHkri^ ihni n far i;r*A(or nurn^wr of bucks U* 
prulUfiHl ih»n dap*. Hut r*!jmiitlnn!* fin^ of lliilr* rftbii> 

Of Rininnmljfi in « •tvlv L>r naturx I barii Inn nblri (o Tonrn tvry 
Uttlb In rrc*n1 [>< tft? cnmrnon mtv I liAVf r?c«iTti] conflrHtrij; ^l-U»- 

M-v M--- lU Elfinf. rif T*iitrb»oi '1 irir»riii* rm- tbnl • rslnrnfrliir 

ml hirn I^aI h* bivl hIw^vh fntjri'l ihn irmlix in itmt «ii'<-'\ firn 
t1i» Tiiiinc i'» iVip rii»flJ, In ifin<fnim»'.» of \l\u. Nt. KlbM bim<otl 
■nbuvjiLritlty rt4mrr<il mrn*' biiTirtrr'i nH rnip*, ad^I frtun*! ihv %l*t^ 
jnrijl ttiir-, Mr P, llui-klnrjii bw brrJ ■ lufjc^ riuinl«T<if mtitf^ rn(«. 
ikwi hr «Wi tivlkni.'* LbHf ibti iimliv ^nHllir rii.vY<l Ihi.* ti^iiiAfrv In 
rrffUvl to M'>f<'« it i< ui^l thai "the idaIv^ tuv inn^^h in'>rri miiuviiFiji 
th«n IhD f«DAtb:"'"AnO M ttiD Oftldiirij; i>f Titur n/tinial* jj* a ■hi-'WjJ 
rHdUfWlion, tti« utftlptiiiflnt oih p«rti4fi* l«< InOttl. Sir A, ?^rni1li. iii 

TnhLn|- ui anitflApH of S. Afriiw*^ (Aivfr'ft riri/4i/iryin«iu>« rdni«rki. 


pr#» fhr butlna prwiirfri ftir m* m 

u ■em* fifths fotLrp^inf n<iiniB rni 
mEUa Ur It. KI'Lh.i^ uf Idlirbim). 
R»t s*lW "If *H*iilion b» ilir prt- 

luoiL ■utjKqutfiU/ vi^udtunl hj ICr. 

Aiuhi«on and mhtr^ T* (htn liOar 
^hllfnui, anil i^ Mr. Vtf$e^ 1 tmm 
ibji ihitukt for Imvd kTlum* » in 

• bell, ■ mwtry ttf Srill-b OujiHru- 
pe^' V. ]«k. 

tt ' I MaMrti^flu* if tbo Zo&kvr/ cf tt- 

■^ ■" 



th4t Ift th» bctdn vi llila jini etb»r )|WiHv thf? nu^'**- art f'<r in tiutH' 
h#rocmipaMil itfrh Iha ft^nkW; th* natiTM t>p|tgic tbit rhi^v nrr- hixn 
in Ihii propiirl inn : ntlkvn Whrnrv thm Ihn intm^r mAfir^ lus- <-v|>f|JM 
frnm ihc W<lv iLitr) Sir A-SinJih 4f>, thnl tbruj^h hi- hv hirii>«-Jf m^vtr 
■wn honlk (miimMhi^ nf jmirit nml^Vi fiI<pm»'. vlhvr^ nfflnn Ibnt llii-i dors 
oiKMir, II nppTiir* prvbnHc rhnf iho T^di^;; ■rhrn ci|>fll«t] bi^n^ ilu- 
herd, would oftfui ut^ a prey to tho inujiy bcovtt oJ ptuj of lli« cDuulrj. 


thdt oiit "f ]«Kr] chiirkDikK of a Ughtr-btvit >Ieh:L of ^-x||frl■^ r-'amJ 
dunns cJijhl icaii bj Wi. ^ntcE^ 487 proTnJ uivti:* ami bl« f*- 
(ii*]i4; i,v.. u jH.l tv ion. In nfcanl n* di>rncBtic fM^EHO* thrft i« 
jfurhl viiii]vn<>? piiht^ ih^l thn main &r« pRiduoud lb «uw*4k<ir Uuit Ibtj 
livclon^r: Tor tlicM T^itrk inTAfifll>h pojr, i4Ei>) fiih|:ti> in>U«, «• Hr. 
TrgiHmrlar mfomi m*, fun ftl«i4y« Im< piiribiufsl Hi4-il|kt rhan IrviiHln 
UniinMj lbi^(«<j Umh tvtrvd tmia tfio iwo ciQ^rt uiJ in iho ujiit nnt 
arc n idbIc and * toniAli- . Liut Mr, lUtrmin Wnit^ vtbn h*» tuvri »<< Iatvv 
b brtpflor, tnjs thill bu Iiah otWv bml t<*f> crtcb^ fmni Ibr Hilt? iir<«l, 

twit, un^l mniv |]Jibl« liO pomk 

W]jh rf*pect to Idfqi 111 % auI« ff nulii™. Mr, <Jf»Ur! itnil nlbht** 
ai-ff inmvim**d lliAi tbv nudM nrr EPr»p»li]r Ibr uifire mmirfoim : »ml m 
lh<? ><mrj,- iDftlw tf luani *|i«lta rtM-cihlr tlm Imrj^jL-*. ibr Intttt wviild 
iiaLurnUr at'C^^ ^' '-^ "'^ ""'t'' Kuuii-r'mv ljiiri:L< nifriil-Hir' rif |ifiiNi>- 
AnU ATI} rphrrtl bj Mr- Bakrf of LrailrnhfiLJ fr^rn rfi:< I&hI t>r "'■Id 
HnlK, ijj>d be infonof Ur. J«niiior Wdr that frruror aw muft^ 1o enc 

l.hAl in S'ltnilirmtin t^" brmwlH nt I Ik- ('>t|4<n'jiilxi^ ami blm-k^'ivh iiifi- 
Uii> m'>Tio TTinli^i (liHii fF-mnln; mid ihar wuh tbv fi*l-rT]tt {m kind of 
liUfUiijcaiil int-tw^ nmW> Ibjkfi fKirmln Hlli'ikd iIh: frii ur pluL-n of coiitV 
ulijp, Uii (hiFi Urt«r riU'UitislBiJi'p i* iKi'"(iril''il f^ir hy ttrm*- nbtmcr* 
liy *;fri.siMr nuiDbor of h?n birtT^bfiuplLilJi.v] hy ixmiin, VriJinnnonff 
EiuiU jri\ni bf Whim of S(UbcirTtt\** lE vi>oiisk t'ii^r tbiil the ntJiM nf tba 

ntrlrjdA mnvL 1^ in r^ri>iii«mM<< vuct^n jn llv lonth of Ji^ndniid : mid 
hit* hwn ■*UM<t f ^ftt lhi» i» fh> itm-- in JirrfUhd, Mr. Wrfr «m ^0- 
f)ii1rlniT fmm Iht dmlr^n. vho rixeivc al ivTUiin tnarm^ UrfT niiirdjcm 
nf rlJtT^ rJfciMrfHj7vjrn»f1« waj> tidd lb«I Ibe iiul(« btp nmt^b Ehv tuntv 
tmntt7>\\tK Tliie umv n*hjndii< bit* alu i-minkivd ft-r nn' frun the 
bi^^■■o^'b'-^^ wliri AuriLinlW catch nn a^Loni-Oiinjr miruWr "f v«nrtUB 
timntl <-|-^'-iiuhh><' t"' tbt' l^inilrtn mork'^l.ali'l hr- wn->c iirilir-i1iiliii|{li »n- 
•^<rvd hy lh <^]ri and (ri»J worthy umu. ihftlwdh ihoilmfflTirfi Thi' liinlrd 
nrv (ti liLr;;p rierv: be ib^Ti^lit ha biiffi a>i 2 nijdi<j- l'< I ri-nkjik^ «r al 
btjtfHtiu- lil|;h »-^ t«a" llni 111*1** wribp bbniklrirri, hi' tilHwi^ huiifi- 
UjhitIh *»rr hy fur ihr nwirt; m;inrn>u», wtn>rhri oaiiffbl bj tr»|* ■'-r by 
nHtini- »l riichi. Thcw ^mlrrnpol* may r»|»|M.r<'Hlly !•* tnutAd, Ir'<»(J« 
Ibiji *uiif Di'in uid Ihftf tbL-tCTKH nro nhniil vipml u;lli ibitlArtr, ihu l*itt 
[Ijimana irHwi'mat. mid f^'ildHnvij. the othur hmid. hr |« ivrlAlrL 

Ir. h tVOr cnrijc* lo Ih? iiAnkO f«iu'ii- 

*|>D thfi tvl1i<arlEr ^ L' IJi'xd, 
■G*ii>v Birdi«f fivcJVo/ l*<t. PIk It. 

«'Xftt ItliL of KdlKimc; UU*f 

• Hr. Jiuw War ran^t«i «lrullu 

ik iric tnii 
iar tJii f.iUi>vmtf >™r T* -i<e» U** 
nun^tr nr bMiu friainonl>iB ruabl. 
1 aiA^ RitBlioo iJtat ri t^ilt ibcrr- v«i 
AiiiaAett Tt*t***n iw-* nj-ciij., mul 4|ui 
IDBI; nurbl in a da; HI uid tikrithvr 
4^ bi«]« ch«l1tn'1)«^ Ttu tf'^ilepi 
namhfir AV*r «*ujrM tff ann iHita int 
•lu^Ih day wBt T4)i 







LJiiit' vfitli ihH coininj^ri lulling thv iin»yuiii\»rtitv t^mttlr, liiil un- 
HluoUf dmicp timemit jnn; duiinje »7U1it ywi bv hu luuiiii l)u 
fcuuiu Ui ttic ualci «* foaf U> otu^ U ulouUI, bvw< vcr. be borne in mil ]< 
tliAl ihi' chLtf sntKn Fur cttt^^hinf Unl« doM not Uf^n ttU S^piviuUr, 
HO U^t villi inm* t|i«oiH jttrUiu n;ifTKtian4 nmy Imv^ Iji-i;ut^ iiii<L th^ 
aoflu a( trm |im«] ijflrt^ omitifl n( r«in ulfPiii-. ' Mr SnKin |iniil pAf 
lti-i»tjir*«iin[|ijn in tin? htw* cif the humiiiin^birtl* iit l>iiir*! Aim^n^*, 
kJid ii <xi[ivi]ii^| tIftiL Hitli itw>«1. i>r lliu *iB\'ir» Umi (uiikv utr in iiJh'-rjwi 
Uius oupjrOU' bv vfocuiTiI 3tH p]i«;iDHMjB bih'Lijci»i: hi t'-ii ^]Kvi'-^ atiJ 
lh««rc«njbl«d of Itfd diaL^ und of oulr 8S initnli.-^. Wi'.li iwu oth<?i 
vftfrHvi iht rtiiuilni 9Vt* ill Bivuw: tal iba pn'^H'riiunn fl|>|uLh^iitlv wtry 
nlbfTduniiiC^iilTi^ri4il (Mwuiitur in ■hlf«in>fil|4">4li[ii'«^ f(ir<m uta* ^t^tr 
ana ihr ii]&(m oC f>'ap7^JbfVtfnu hpmiUwmnir H-i-r> 1'* tlii< fi'Hukii^ u A 
Ui 3, j^Tiil tin *iwJihar owwiiUn •• in eiMllr ihr nii'ism] nikt. Jkx boiiv 
mi£ oil lljia laLltT pvhiL. I fii^v wlil, titnt \\r. Vvfy* fifHEitl jji Cuirii Mirl 
B^fud Lht H<» of tbv rlifeAlnch ImiiiiifC *?^K anil *' ^li^ hniAin by 

ni^t fleck* ap|H«ri 11^ crvntly tv uiuvail Um famioi* in nmubvp," '^ So 
■tfbiri ffilh ITiv ^uLini/iu Afi^'vr, Mr- (i, 'I'jb^lcir*" *-^y*^ tlmt in KlumLii 
ihcrt Wf.n - Vltt ft<v rtyniUiv in pm|Hitl1»n Ui Itjr rU4lm," whUnl ia 
llfitiiliinL* llip |jr»|i>priM>ti iriu ihu iflher inhjr. cbe tprdei litErv linvujjf 
tbfe cbuwlr; uf ■ puij^aaiiaU 


With I'^vK ihc pr\>port|oni.l riii[Db*rB at Uto atixaa vmn l» *fl'*«rCulu*<l 
only bjfju^-hiiJtf tnifm In l}u< luliJl f^r ruMirly ajIijIi tlAU: nml Ifi^nrv ar^ 
rjjHUT d]Rb:Jjltip« in afnthiie HL wijc JujI uoEiclusicn.'* InrrnJb fcniftLv« 
luitfbt mdiU Ia injdtbktn tor iiifttiu. v L»r. Uaatbi^r liw rvnjiirkvi 1<1 
mo JD ns*^ ^ trout. Wall Vircnfl •i«cifl« ihtJ wtlv* nt* bvliv^nj W div 
KWn afUr ftrtiliiiii^ tha uv^ With ttsnir Vpcvio llie molvA orv t>f 
iniJ(«h «mji!lr<r nut lit*ii th# fpni4]», »o that a W^ uumbiir (■( riiu1^4 
Wituld fWAjk' rrom tbn i4m4 riot bj vhich ilui tttttuXm WKm <ii|Lk^|it, M. 
Ctrbfinnirhr." who luu vjiARiAn^ iitr«m!i<i] r-i ilm mklur*! hittory cf Lb« 
l^ilw [L'fu IiKtv^. ttalri UiAt riimijr aith'%, o<nii|- to ili«tr nmull «ir#; 
ue d«iN>ur«d bf the Ufj.'i:( f^-umlut; 4iid bi^ ImUtiv*^ thul llm nuilrTi i>f 
alnuivl «ll Aah ^rv ai|>iwil tram Ihin jwdv caiuc |o ercaLi-i i.Lf.n)ftr lb»D 
Ui* r«(iwlMi. Niir^'rthiJw**, in ihi ftw i-asm m wtiob Ihu jir^jwirliotuj 
nwji4itfv havv Imii nc^nhlir ctiKrvitl. thv inkltH hppfnr U (« Ur;^]^ m 
c*c^ Thuii Mr. IL IlijitLiiiit NiiEn»fmUndoT>i of lEiu Wornmntft.dd 
M^hDiwiU. B)H tiiJti. ill tnnv out at :u (^Jiunn flrxt Uiid#>l W th# 
jjiirpwenf ihljUmiiiK tbe uv*. upwunJ!* of tlO *t*iy nml«. in lMfi7 h« 
•iniia - o&lli atL«nti-fJi «» tbr wt ilit|>ru|x;Etlii[; of Ihi- niiili^ Ui lln* ri>- 
indM W< liO't*! lb*- "ar*l *t l-^-^t Itn uiolv* tooiw f»(j»a)r." AfUn^ 
»*fdM f*infelK ■HfTlotrnl fr^r obiAinitijC o¥ii *v»tp prwufwl. He aJds 
" fftiiij tha ^&l |*o^rt|on of tin* mflb^i. ihej- uv coiirtanttv rt^dlin^ 
and tearing OMb oThnr an ihi^ ><r«"n]ni<-b»dC ^^ Tim .ici.K^i-irvinn, 
riv JwilJt, oftn Iw tomunted fur In mri, fint wTn-llier vlmtJj j> ^cmbtrvl. 
b? Uwiuklauccadlngibe rLv«ntii-f»rT thefvuuitM Mr F. UnekLud 

* ' lbl>/ f ol ii i< ^1, v i|[i»tol in 

For tJUv fnew'.lr;/ jjhiifBtniaiift, I mu 
indv-blci loUr Ailiia flL>f « IaLiIb oiT 
bit rwulU- 

'IlkftdirAntrbbeh der Phj^: EL iv. 

tvtc* Hi AlUJ Qil« feK fdiulu. 

xi^UOtodiDlIit'rBmn-^'Uiirnli 1^ 

iLtT>)*pvr, Jdia Win, IMS. 




rvmarVt hi rvg;Ktil to ImvU llml' "^1 h acunotm tivi Uirtt Ibr m«lc« 

tncpundtnilc %i:ty Urcci'v la iiuinbrr oior the f tmikloL It inrMri^lv 
«^j|K«EEii iIliiL wli^in (hn 4r>t ruih i>f fiMti 1« tajtitff lo lb« i>ut. Ihoro vill 
Iv Hi \v>itt wrm orri^bl iirnJ*** t'l '"W frtnjLf(< founrt irii|iltvf^ I (iviTKJt 
rjniii»nrL'ninitlor tbn: *^lt>T*r the nmiPiarp mnrfnunwrriin tfi*i» lli** f*- 

itirii jHJ4l>. Uim ht iikTHrnM^ ^Jiivliiujf itji< iKiukA hulliciiiiiii fi'iEi43»H tin 
uLiUiiime (iva-:aii~tv fouml'^ Mr. U. Loe inf i>f ma inr? thchl^o^l of Slid 
(ruul liilLi'ii for tititt jjurpou in hord PortAiooutb's pArh, lAO wcfv laiL^Ctf 

vrnl mi^iii U'ls nf Lhiv li'iirniiv, vii . th? ^rnip. rpnrb, brcnii kji'I miiiiJtiw. 

iiinf'^ oii( rf[i cAch iidr, a^iJ m tltc oilh of the br»in hy ihnv ot f<Hjr 
mulofc T^.^o fatl 1> ao well known, ihat it i> tdvays fawiiiiiiciidf'd to 
blof'k H |ii>iiij wtiU tw<. (nitt» ItfiKilw- to(»n« (aaiHla,<ir At UkuI VJlh Thrua 
iimliu lit Itvn FrinitJi^i Wir>t ThH riiifiii(>w, itn picfllvitt ulmirvi^ ilHtx*, 
ihM oil iJkc f|Hi.wmiiiir^b«)s ihr mii|o5 rvn ifii tlnii'^ jls ctiiMFivtia eu liia 
fviurtli*: ^hni h fi^iiinli? I'uuii^ ninuiij^ivt Ilii' iLmU'x "»lm ^i tuimAlUlcLf 
|irnwil rluni'tf hy h mulr* im i-ru^1i ajJv ; amiI wIiph (iii^ir tiirv bmi iti 
that tilii&tLou fur a uriiUt i^ro Bitfiorovi-lftl t>}' otLcr l«o luiin," ^ 


tn rJiTn gmu CIma. ihp lii'i^aoprrrn dmrni vlonf >ff«n] iwijinv for 

jijd|fm|£ of liiD pruiK^nicujii] iiiinitjcnor ihe wih ; Icir LhPt hiLVe bnn 
('LtJln'tTvl MtLli tpH'^iil vafi hy rii«H* jriKicI ulmnTrs heiJ Iuiv|i Lavii 
kri^'lr liTviL fmiu Ihc ixv ^irtnl-^rpillibr sUli. I hiui hniwd IhftI Hino 
hrv^k^n cf filk'iTioUii inik:hl have kopl wi oi«>l record, biit after 
writing io J-^i'Hnuo and lUi^j, und coimiLllnic VAriuu* lr««lt««f>, I OAiinot 
fliiil tliul thi!>i hn* ii>nr tvi-m ilnri^' T\i*i jifMirrdl iipiiiifm ipk|w«Tv Io In> 
tfi&r Ihr 4exn nrp nmrlt' r>qiin1, hiil in llnlf. u t Viir fmrii Prcifi^wor 
tJmiitblihiJ, iiHiiy tim<i|i>ri> Krv r^trit^iii'hHl ilmi tlic r**iMHli''' nm |jnHlii|vil 
[ii tf^fw^ TliiA uiiir> lla[.(^^^li■l. huw^vr;'. iuforrun mv. lUni in lh« IfTLi 
rrftrlv briHnh t>r iIil- AiUiiiIju^ KilkiiMb {Itv/aby^ ivnlfiitMj, IIh- maJcs 
icri'bllj (irtitumiWuln m X\tr Ar^l, wfiiJ-l in ihtJ Kn.ixnt tli« lwu>rsn iir» 
MMkJy «<|nnl or Iho foinnJcti rathor in cxttA^ 

In rv^ftitl to lEuirvrflhM in ■ •tn.lo (.f jjntiih-, *»v<>ml ol»«iJnvn« linvm 
hrtti fiMiH? «iriii'k liy tliA ■ip[iiiniiii]y 'itki-HTiiuitit iin-ii'ihtlt-miiOL* nf |li» 
rnulf*.'* TiiMH Mr lUlr^'* in ^\nk}nj:i-\T wrtiml ?tiii»fT!i^. hIu>uL n hun* 
drtd 111 iiuuiLcr, whHi IrilmMt tUc riifAT Aiiinibiii^. *t\> ihnL Ilir iiiaIvm 
itti' iTuii^ti ninni rmriii-tT-ii» thmi llm frciiiilr?, r-ti-u in Itiv pt^ptirtjcin 
of u hiirkrfi-i'l li> trhi. In S'>«rtti Acricricn. RdHntdn, wfui hail gmt O- 
puriprioir. t*<tjiDatf<' in thogt*iiiji fapUlolho malef (o lb« foiniJ^M four 
to oTi«; ani Mr. ^^ftlih, nhG frkfarmi coa »f thLx >tat*iiwit- UV4 thai 
<vlth P. /iimii« Mil* iH oHTtHliily thri (Uwp. lit SotilTk Afrint. Mr. Yt. IVU 
uLVTi fuunil Uie rueJei in rtjn« in lU stpoi^lfB:" niid in one at thaw, 

« VnrTcll.Mjitt I!iUI*1j Flib 


3." vol. 

]<- 1&M.».;:4< Llii>llliDiu«lra(>fB4il- 

^ ■ Tlic KavTuU't uh ibv AiitmintiK' 
v"l, i\, luiti, !■ vv".i4T. 

iJit IViiiif n in hi» - EthAphlQcfn Afyf 



vhlrfi vmirTiu* io I'l^t^u pliuvx, ht' ntmmlnl Ihi- »uiiiU-r of juol» U fliir 

11k otrlULi tctr4JJliM« he c«l[ccUd i>n[« fltc ftiunlu dtinnjc Hvvn ji?WK 
In tha IbUtkI of Mi:rLjrb'>n. M, M«Jll«rU >1iiEcu Ihnc ;h« mal«ii <a Qlic 

(Jthim. It 1* rmrc ft^r lU<' f^rrnlr-* i?f E.ny tiuTirrily lo fUVHl llid iitJLlcfl in 
imitJicr; \mi iUiv^ i^mth Afiii-.uL itn'iWr inEtiitL-* iilTcr mi vuviiliulk 
Mr WaUik^" ?laL(^ IhnL Ihc fcmnfi^ -^f ^'miMcjiffj^ onr* h^ t» Iha 
Uiil*5 iiJ-t:ihif>clafu>i r^n more cauiminn awl more «^ly coi^iffjt tLuft tho 
fiijUfv; but thii it ft roTp Irutlrrflj. 1 otity liaru n Jil. i bj^l "i Jljin'tyibrHt 
■ fftt%it**'i iiu'thn. CiufiK"! Mty*. thkl fn^m fniii E" Sv^ ff^malf* w M^Dt 
In r«llfiL-ll»ii4 fritin lu'lin fcr our iii^Lr. 

Vft> lFiihii|^i[ (n'Ti-ff llin KiiT'Mihjli'Viirat Nii-^'lv/* (I va< ^^eildjlUj' wlimE- 
trd lliAl t^f inqli-* i.-if iiirTi' Lr.|iiiIopttrA. iii \hc nJult or im*;:i> oXAtt. oro 
csiicht in gTMittr iiunibf<Tb thnu tot fcinbjc^: btit l^ln f.U'i hui nllribu- 
l«J IfV nfiDus ob»rrijr> ic iU*^ atorv tvUnii^ hitblU irt IIk> IviiihIua. mid la 
tbf irmln itriJiiri^n^ iwrlitr frrirti Eh>* (ntcvanj* TlitBUiI'mm^invT^nfvli 
vfH knii«ri Ut o«ivr A^lh mnvi Lppldf>t>lprft, it* w^ll n* h'itL oih«T in- 
K-L-15, SothLkt. u M- iVrviimnl ruiiimrkT. thi' riiiilii><rjf thii iliTimlinUAil 

fi'inal'-i at liii- tcii, frvrn thi* vaiAf of jiirttrv** I {Bunot. h*>iFj>^'Tf, ytr- 
vnatlt mrstlf Ihtt tlies* cmhh ntlllcu r,i i'1|iUjii llii< $rum wt^vj^ of 
uiitle«i.iri tha Hhov* CUM of CATUtin Im1(flr[h<k«hic0i «rr tiitfi>iu«1r i^ira- 
Inmi III llirnir tiifctiti* cu^ mil rim Mr SmiilTjim, ifrbo Ikim luiid trty ctivo 
iklli?i|[l"n JunniT nifliJ> jr*ir» lo l^ie wriBJtcr inoilif. liiruriiif mr thftC 
*|jcn lir ofili-i'Irii l^fim in ()ii^ jiiifta;i> >(jili\ Ur lluiui-ht iFml Iti*- injtliv 
*or* Ten tiinr- D> n.Huf iM(i" mr i.h<i friTinlr^. I»m llmi sinf«; fir Im" mrfd 
tbtm on ft tftrj^i- ■4AJr (ri>rii iht cal^rpilW plu:t. h<- ie ctmvintfd ilmt 
Iho f'PiTiultff Afo [W niurv iLunivroijf. >sAF4nJ i-jiMji^Lii^iEk t-'uncdP ia 
thih \ifiv, Mr |i-»iJ>J«r>iy, hjini-vir, vul uiimo i>th*HiM^ (jlI(i» m; L>p,|H;»Hit« 
Mpa, iimI ftTo c«iivin>vi) Hint l\wv have r>4ni1 fmrti llii' t^j^ dtuI <.-Hter* 
piilti?* n Iflwr i-n^infri mn t*f iiinli-i than ot fi-maltv 

Itr^iitp* tIji' viitT* ni'iiti' IihIijU ^if (lir mntr^, itictr nLrti<M niirrifHnco 
fwni llirti"f"Hi, liUA Ui HllT|F■*-r^-*- (h'ir frv-jin uliti^' rinirr tH|»Tii itntltJUSH 
(^brf oAU.x^ ma}' ^-c ■L'-^iurmtj fi^f nit ui'^iiknijl ur iml JifffrvitCL- m Iha 
l>r<i[.f[KimiI i]iim'>c-r^ i^f ih* hkw of b«pid^»UrK ^^" «A|Hliirv*t in 
tlir tiniu!<i ^(^if >\ Jir^'l A'fitm iv*r0il frtim tliHri^u nr ^-Hltrfplllnr Nihl*, I 
tvtiT frjiu l*n«f<<«<4Hr T^ru^THptL rhnl It t« Mh-vnl Ky riPLiiy bm^l^n in 
tlAly. Ittnt lliti f'nmli i-»lct^yiil%r vt (Jjv lilLiiiulh vufTrtit mc-u- fruui Ihv 
JVi '~i< ' :lijhi> rbtf iimJi ; mul Itt ^jiinLb|cn iiifi'miji uiu Uiol in 

n-.^/ • I'vrn hjIii-p f^'iitulp^ ■]■« in th" ox^mri than in&ln. Wilb 

innh. i . Jii* U-funW cuEetjulU; ik luf>;ii thftW iht mftk. ftntl a ool- 
Jwttir «Lvti)|c| imiunillii I'riuti** liii* Iin<4<[ tji^^iTiivnx ixulI (Iiua tiTtinlwi- 
tiotiallj^ <«:i1l4^r & UrtfiT nrtriilt<^4>f friiiNJ*-'- Tliiv i'olliT<EriiM hnf^i Wid 
mn lluvl lliSi vi(» ihi'ir firftriloc; biil I^t. Wnlljbi'L' ununi (Lb( nnv^i rol- 
I'c.Utm l*Kf nU llm >(iri'iitirnii wTiirlj lhi-v oin Rml tvf t Jit iniri' kind*, 
Brhkh *|riiif ^r^ •mrtJi iJli^ Triiiit.V of rrnriiitf, Uinl* whi'ii aiarntuudFd 
I'V cKU'T^ilbLr:' n'ltLiid |iT<>iiAljl; nl^^i^ur tlv Jnry^l ; nrid I'r^frAfor Cniju- 
trini iiifurfriH nit llml Ln Italy K<nu) LineeOari balk**, tbougi on injuW- 
rttfit «*id4a'V. thai in 1lii> nrftt broodn of Um AiUnthiu tilkmath. 

iQnijtad by Trliii<n, 'Tn»»*ct 
~ %vsr V4l, v^ |«n U. |)Uc, |4 

•< * fnja 6iitatiiDlii«. Sw' PeU ITiJj, 
« uiiQKd hr Dr, WaIIm* Iq ■ J'nic 






Ok Kfiutp!! duinr * Urp» namVr of Ihr female ihnn of ihc UmI* 

0ibti'r|iiLliLn*- t>r. WilUiuhi furthor ivrimrhv limt runutLv cAUrpilUMk 
fruni ^ifijL- iKfjt^r lJt*ji iJhi? Dutla*. nx^Liirw jruih^ iniip 1i.>r Il.tir (l*»<lop' 
int<ii[, mill loru^Lkfiir inurr £ooO wiil rnoiKlurr; niul liiim Ihr-y ii'i>iilil b« 

viil tn llrnpsur M.-HvUr «uiiM iutibIi iu i:n»tiir nuculwiFi Uvaot it a^' 
|iV4i» Ljuir< tMAMUc LljAt Ln & 9Ulu of natQrr, fcvtr fcnt&lo Ltpulopl^r* 
mif rrihili infeluriLy Itmit tiibluiti uwi fonoir ipcvkitl otjueL ifi' mrc 011- 
Oeriifd nilli Ihoir rc<Utivt> iiuiiaUii>i at mMuntir. wlji>n tlitf •vhm itn 
rvtdy 10 fipopik^&E0 thctr kind. 

l li* fimiiii«r In yrU^oh t\u mftl« of mfU»in mothi fionp^'pulp in p<- 
tranrlihurj- i;iiiabfir>( n>Diiil h ^ir^'lp ffiiiAli^ taiiiMrxriLly jjulirjiicji HtrrwiLL 
HXCL-A uf iiujis, tbuufb LhU lutE may |n?rl«|*i Lc Ktvuulvd tot hj iIjq 
fHirlirr tMiiuri^iit^u vl thv tualc« from llifiir {;oi?buu& Mr- StomlfPn in- 
forFDr* »ii> llml ri^iin l^itilvtf (a |^«(iiily eiih1<u, iruy oUch ix *cxn ix'ii|;r^ 
gAlrJ rviUEid fh fi-Mtftlci AV4Mijf<l m/rvrifrvd, Jl ia witU Lnowu thht if 4 
virfjiit Liitttterfrifja qrireuM or Saht^H^a f^rfnnt lie nmriucl i»iC4i^ 

VHt i^ii-rt fii rnnt^ <'iiUi<i<l moml Iwr, itdil IT cirftltni'ii m « mora 

will L'vrii I'uine il*)vrii ihr i.<}|j|aEicr Iu Eu^r Mt. llMkibli.'^tii> tffilii'vrf Kial 
lit Utjt^n-ii froiii IKm !<■(> hLiirlrud iiiJilenirf E^j^ih tUeni i|>rciH ikLttiu.'tnl 
ill tlio rciiatATuf AHLiifln ilmr bt a fviiiitM in fuciElfK'ninnl. lu tbo Uk uf 
WifhL Mr Triini-n f xp-i<tii « Uji iu whwh a foiDBlu of Ifiu J-difiocmniift 
hAubk^on nmllrhoil an tlic ]>nTiouii itaT» (liiU Hvd mnXwoon oiirl»^'i'iiml 
ro^ulribliiiliiaiinK III AiittnUi. M, vari^ativ. having ptu^tj Lh» fcm«la 
n( H 4tt))ill himiliyv ifi n tuvx in hk [hti^kH, vk% inihiuft] hy a rftivd <if 
ranlo^ *i thill ubrnl 'J(iO enterrtl tho Tuiusp wilIi tiLiii,*' 

Mr, J>riilMitv lijin cjitW mi tiUxni.iijii U> M. SCAUthiij^tii'i" hat of 
JiHfhiiri^jlaru, whtrh ^\\^!* ihr i>n(V«<ir |1ir ninW nrijl fimiAJi?' of £<Ht r^i^ 
oU« o.r woll iiiJit-ko<l variptio? of lfullurAff« iRhr>pAlo<vrn^ Thu yrioea 
for tict^i icir-t 4«f rhc very o«iiiinon «[fooL« brv ol oourwa (he fuiuu^ tot 
In UA nt tU'fl THtvt ■[^H'Um iIkv <:lLlT<<r: dti' nta!«tt 1*tnjf in aU (V4<h, ?x- 
i*PpriH*f allP, Ihn'lifflluT, I'h Bfi aviHfHi.'ip *>r \tn* ph^^iisnl (h** IIH VftfOtHi, 
thr* [irkv »f (lie (juilu [0 ilutt if i.Ui- fl^rnnlu b j^t ]FX> ur L41) ; wul llii^ 
sp|]Bruatljr iit<tic4[c* tb^l Euvfrwli (lif rnaliv rxiivsJ thii friiiiklt^ hi the 
Mmo profkiirlinn, AU>u| 3000 ■iii^-i"iorrkrinti'>q uf mi:4h>(IleUr<x«ni) 
a/ro MtAloeutf^l. iho^n vriiU vriaek'rv foniAlk^i bring h^rD ciulutlwi <m imo 
i»ant of Ibii ibff'Teti'* III b*l>jlfl Fvlwuon ilw two uiiiv; wf tbnnj 1WO0 
H[K*Hi*4. Nl ililTHr 11k firicv fu'^-onlin^ Tji «^i, (hi* mafp* oF l!U> buing 
rh»pi?r. aiij itiriH uf cktily H U'liiir divirer ihun ihtt fnnxU* Th* 
aviirnf^ |jrLi.-(' i.iT t^L> rudo of ihe ];I0 .t(Hi-li4. Lo Ibitl uf ihi* fnriiiltv. in 
v^ \W U' \iX WUh nv^inct lu Lliit Imll^rllii'^ in lliU phmi Jitl. Ur. 
Dnublt-Jay tbinkb <niifi no rnAii in Kn^jrlAiiit bu b«il inurv tipchciivsL 
Cbal l\ian u nolhiiug in the btbit* of iTid t|«H:km wliiob titti Kv^innl firr 
l,h« 1I lltHv^ni'T iri tli^ pfU<-< uf lhal«tk 4vi#k nnJ 1b»t ilc«rj t*riice/iiint«4l 
ta? iinlj li> lui Piivu ill i}»- niiinlfr i^f thr amir*. Itiit I «m b«nnd lo 
hM tliu l>r. SLaudiiipT LiLforTDn [nr, I^ia.! h" it him««^f uf h iliffi-rvTil 
upLoKtrt. lie tblikkx iW Ebr [i-v ntiit? liHbit>< of ilw fMiinLn And the 
otftrUi^r «rnfir|9Hieir i)f tbq m^W will owouiil for hn mohtcli^nt wtiiiiiiiic ft 
l^rpfT niimWr of nalDi than at feai4l«. And i^mhii'iaiiUt f<jr tl>f L<iwftr 
priwn of lh« farmer. With rua|HK'1 U Hjwciriiirnd (v«r«d frr»iTi the cskT' 
|>iJUr-4Ul«. Ik, Suii4lkii|tHr bi>li»«fx« m pruvirtEidy diktoil, Ibjl 4 grukUr 
nui[ilw<r "f f^tnvitrH tlinn ot mftln dtp vblJil ^-ortflnwl in Ili« ('nt^ioniL 
Uff mldi Lh«l vilb i^ruim vpvclM onik i«t tmnij!! i^i iirHp^mlv^rftU ovvtr 
Lba (iltwr (luriik]| cvitAiri yOtTK 

*■ BlSQahinl, ' KfbifiiaqihAHiL «>* LAridnptAmi'llciuMnilaii IjaW 







i^giorcftUir|)ilUf%, I Umvo nw\twt\ omjr tin- t^v following 

^lRlUT.J.Bdbit"i>r B%vt<T rmnnl, dtiritTK I8Wl ( 

liBUiwvf 13 *it«dc^ vbk^li i-v(i»bici| i>f. f 

Ur. Albvrt Jmm at Bllh«iii narrxl, JunoK 1S4M, i 

ii«*lCo«of V tpMiH. vbi«<h c-itiBrtfMl iji^ -. j 

Uon&s ItW >^* mtwl imagoi trooi 4 ip«dc«^ «cm* j 

iitungttt ... , -. j 

lAr. Bwkl«r nf Kiivi'r<iftbH HadU^ iluriiv ISA^ f 

rsmd iiuA^cA fiuni 74 ipedn. nmiitti^ijc of > , . . f 
Dr. ValUw Iff CulvbcaLBi nftfvd tit>m t/n* brocd 

of Boiobf K LTnUiui. , ,..,.._ , . , 

«aBl (rom Lbiua. Aanng 1WS9 . . | 

Dr. WdlM!« nlMil during IHOH bnil IBtt. rf<c>ni ) 
two LoU of eoooon* of Borul^yi j-umvio*! . . ) 

T«rt , .-M 















. 884 


So Out in thoM e^hl loin of aocovnttad Mjpk inAlaiiri>rr prnJiiocd 
in OlcWfc T«lcvn Icgvthcr Ibt procrrticni ofm&U't itjt! ri^J." Il> |00 
HMttalw. Del lb* niiiutHm «rv ImrUr* Ur^ ai^uLigU i<. tw truutw^irihy 

On thv vbuf^ fmni ihixr viLrniiii viunv^ nf ^tiilprioM. itlJ |Miirilii]^ 
In ihf «nm JifiectlDn. I mfer that viih incit ^[ivctH of l^lijopttni. tho 
luotaff mii](» Murallj oxiiMd tlm fcinaliv In numbitr. vhiLtavtrrih* pn>- 
IKtUoub mHt Cq nl tfatjr fli^C «ii]i!r;.'t'iJor from Hip vkV' 

Wilb rcfcrrttcE <<> the otl^r Ori!i (?> <-■? irLru-l»rJ h^T* bNn »bl(i to 
i^ltct iiTy lilliiT i^liifcblc i'lFciniuLJijM. Wilh thi^ htAcbfytlT^ fLiiMnv* 
^n<<M)"lhr iiiaJ«fl upHT to tu imiob mon nanwnms uian lUftvtimiv*:'* 
bill wbtfL ui Cornalhu n-in4rlt«t ^urmg 1M[7. h(i uiuiiUitl Tiiiriib^r erf 
thAt* IvfitKH ftikpniHl in ofV' pirl »r fMrinnnt^ 1ht< ft^iiijilon *fir»*<iri4l tn 
eicnJ tLe iniin nsilt tit opr. H'llh uni* iT ihv RlaErrlilii, tW inikb-* 
jiro Mtd Uf be (iilk'i imfni rjuiLiiTiMii llifeit lln- fciimli'n, kiid ' l«i>lii' lh»* 
«rn oftitji foHrifl unUivi i»itb our f*uuklr .•* «i 1*1*1 h<^rf pjTfthJnr ^rvint 
lo proTWl/* Wilh ^inconiarn ti^EA[>tk4JifilJ«-^ |i> vthhb iKr iiiaJi^ m« 
ffnnritti>d vith honu, ''tbt^ fi>atn|i-t uiv Nr mi>ri' luim'^t^^ii'' timri tliu 
4UtpaHi(# Ml,'* Vr, Jft^i»>n il4[nJ Hi Ihi- KnMiioI'JUK'^l Sirivly Uiat 
Uu' friTulm «f lb" Iwirfc-f-^llnt' 7'nnnWM rfj/fo»i*> *rr *i rrpminofi l< tn 
be K fiUftK^ wbllil ihc inAlc-v qn* m> mn- ivt lo br hiiully kii»iiTi, 

£l biiftn1l| «urlb wlatJ»94iiii|f AiiiliMuie hlKULl Iba prvprniifm uf thi* 
Moni im corUJQ (■(xHin hnrl f'tu frviii*' "t iiteKi\ Irr (br iiiaLr» are 
naknovn or nr/ nre^ hnd tho L^atAb^-s ikrc p&rLhiMiof,-tnotii?. llml L', 
fliprti|« Btthoaf woAiil nnmn : oumhbv -I XM^ itr* ilfuhli'-l ty ki-v#ml 
of UiA 1Jjnii|iklK'* In ftlL lbi» |E4l]>inAkiit|r t'jnjpiJjtH innwiL (n Mr. 


nar yvan, in "uliipb iTic fiu^l^ 

finttui it itnpemSblu lo tebulitU ii-*vt 

*■ GdniJic^ *lk«ipd of tiniliviuAl 
Utualiiic,' 1t47, }v !MV- 'hi tfc« iK^ 


»lfl llii* iiiaJn of Uiivarjiift Lit Kiif Uuil. 
Ui'i4i«.H>.|. -UiJ-iK i'lk« of Iniv^W 

J., ir- 

•• W»L.b, U'TI* Aiiifii^-'h Kn^v 
DA>t(vlal,' till . i LMU.^ Il<l r Aniitb, 




P«» IL 

itnd f*k It 1*. u ho infonus fuo, with the ^all-innLlnc i.'pnclL>(aTUJf 

K. Stiiitli hju^ pyirfil humin*;!-! of ri|wi:iriipits fmiu l^irvj*- nf hM ^ijM?h, Imi 
ItJLt [wivr nuriH] A iitiifft' innlL< : on lIii? oihri iinini. Ciirli^ anj^." itnt 
nlLli LMTl4ttli*lJiM:U9H(AliiiiLui>, bful by him. ihr miili^s wnr li> tlir fvi»nJr« 

MliUf'f," I'oiR'otttl A Urge niiiEibor ol »]>*clin»iLt oif munj dpwLe». anJ 
nuii'*-'] itrhi^n imtu ibe t^if(tanA, hni! C'IHIUhI Ih^ f«<t»v. Fa r»uml thiit 
Ihr itult^ (if M^in'' H|)nT|j^ jfrMlhr «»<(ViJin1 Iht foiiinlrv In nvmlvr: In 
ulhtr* tho rtvcrw fx-viirmi. wid Ui olhfn ilm two win vtrv iin»rt)r 
*i|Uiki. Hut d* in niual tvo the uiiitr* riut^ri^f fmiri ;hr mpiH>iif< bcton 
Ihr tvmnlv^ limy Hrr^t Uii« ii'mitioEHviiifiir of tlu« liL^i^dinf; >*«fcn prft^' 
linily in c1:^fUlH. HQtl^ h\vi <ibwrv«d thai IN rvhlivc iinmlicror Ihv 
Ivo Hixt.'« la fi^ni4 tpociri <li1Torci| much in JilTorvnl luwhtia*. llal k* 
T1, Mnll-V hn* hiiitwlf mmarKAl in mi>. tUt^ Tt^mtttV» tnmt Ix- ot[f<]iKt 
wuh :(L>iiit cuuibii. a- uiti? ki tiiiL'lil nicri- uuiJy cvjiiie? ulesi-rvAiiuii tlmii 
ihr i>theT- Thus bin b^vl||t^^ Fritj MDibf hn> ii«lWn iu ]Uni,il thhl i!h- 

of Hiiwnr^ WiUi r«N|^-fii em Iht 4>rtPnMf(i''Ti.. I V,vovr h«rtlk finyiliinE 
M>'>iil lilt ivhiti^'i^ nunilvr of the cvi««: ti-'iitf." bou«v«r, tavt tfial out 
of &(*) Ick-Ljm whkh hu flt*ratnhj, Vit ninii* *i-n^ tn tln' ffinnln u* fl*# 
Ici ■■ix. With iW N«iiri>pri'rA« Mr WnNh hl-nEr- ihxi iri mhti]'^ Tint hy 
nn EiitfUL^ in all iht ttEvt'Liv* of ttc Oiltrnfi'"u-^ h'T^up. []i«r« u n tn^Ai 
uvprpliuuf iiiftLM. in iW t^rnai Uet^iiTin, dIki, tlin ehiiIim att^ ifvin-fallT 
*t l^vt four Umklji v» iiuiTHToun a^ tlii< ft'iunlvik hi k^rrlniit "iirfirq in 
tho grnii' (iiHiiphuR tli'> Rinlw »» "Oiifllly m (■i;pi*'"fs ^hiUi in t^r.-^ f-ihor 
«p«cip»« tho foiDiiW mtv iviiv or ifirKw ci nuriifiv^uf At Eho iQjilct In 
ibMiiP Kdnifn'nn nfHVlr^ of Pnoou* ihiMWumT* of fcmjili*^ vmy ttv mllM^lftl 
wjthniiL n finult mhk', vhiHl ;iiUi i»rhi<r p|ir<*htA <tf i^ic •ahin'' fi*nii-< twlh 
flrsvi *n.' I'umiiiuTi-"' Jit Enfi^tuini, Mr Mm Lnthlflii has painuTttJ hun- 
ihnl* iif [h* hritiiiU* Apatantti mhtitlrti. bur. Iui> nevi-r •riJi Ihc iiialv; 
itriil I'f tt^rtHf hffftnaiiJt »n]y fmir or Eitn umLiv hurt hern "*fn horv.** 
Willi irirttl f.i \iw%« tmwtt rtitfv|<lJtig Ihe TcnthrMiiuv^ tht^n m at 
[»r»Hin1 mi ui'i4|i>(ii'« that tht fpiniLlc<» arv vnhjeH 1o tvrthBViogviuvIt: 
ami Ihni' wp u<ff hfitv i^mjmni w> nn< fjf ih<' ^uu« of Ur« ft^qmntnt ili*- 
rrt|miii7 Jii Ihr ]iru]onj<iii ^r XUv Iwh H'tL'i. 

U\ the tJlior I'biMTnil ih* Artionlnlft I hurc b«n •W* to eoll«l sllll 
Ir^ intuniinticiiL, WjiIl )^il<li<r3>> Un bUikwblh who ha* f«JcrLi11f M' 
ti'iuh^l lo thi^cJfiv iliirini; muriy yninv vnt<» tomi^ thhl th<< muh'* fmni 
lho*r niijiv orrmtio bnNi' urp mrift oummrmlT- w*ft. %v,t\ ihi'ivf<i*v ipp^'nr 
moh^ rLfink«ri^ii>- Tfiiit !■ flr^inallr (hr aoj} vith fi fov rtpiv-ioi; hnf |jo 
MK'iLlniiiii ^vni-rjtl hfkvli-H lit rIi fviKini, in ifhk'h \ht* frnmJi«> iirf|imr Iti 
Lip nkiicb njipir imiiirntUA ihiin ihr inalr^" Tb? Muall ȣi< cif liip uufeln 
ill|iaii»«m -ilh rh* ftmalcs^n iKtubrtritr whitb i? noiuiHiiniwcArtied 
\v iv\ ctinimii Jc^rrt^j.Aftd ihdr wklnly ililTi-nnl ■jtjHjktnnco, iii«y AOOOBlit 
in fliiina iiiaCaiMMA for ihvir r«litj in «A|J4cit]niim^ 


«^ Auutndui.f iof D4(r"*iii*ehBn 
Ijilinr \'rL. <l n V Jn^rr. Kir ' 

■ 'fir Siii*|j. 7A\t MiUt Wiwlcr- 

" innlh^f ffr»*i tijiJiriM* Willi" r*- 
■Mt Iv «ii» i^lu*, Pr^'f. Tb^«ll of 
tfjBaln I'lm kiiriiiMii ^^F^i.Un/ ttlv- 

T0.IW1 I, 1^ :eitti. tiK'lik" U if fvlLlAlV 
•pii|ijniira'vf«nanily «aiTmiDikDrtlun 
Uio iiiaI** 

>* Ff«&, UB Ujti •utjek-t, Mr, U. 




S^mo of the l<«tr ( nHlBcmii^ trr &Ii1f ti> prnftaj^Ir llirir IclitJ ivt- 
^iitl>. Aful tUi* ■ill AiT-^rjni fur Uib- cxUttJiu r^fiTj uf llit Mikki'>: tliun 

frvcii tVfiaij '*rkl nUMHijf^ thivc ti*^ fi'itn*! ^'iiLf JL9 iimlvo. 

Wllh *4aae utlu. ill., ,h> Thn^J! at^J Cr|.«^i?>t. m Ftiu M^tli-r iufvrmj 
nu^ itwrv II rh^fth>n to ivEivt^ ilihl [hu mitiet uv ruutih >lua'tijf-llvwi] thai) 
Ih* IfOiAlj^; nmi tin* ihuiilil fit]tJjLiii Ut^lt ■■iiriEj^ kitMNHitiif Two 
Attftf tji tjc ml lir^l tqckd in ikitmlHr. *hi [li« i^thvr [iuikI. ^lUJItr Uoat 
tiivarklili tAkm £kf ftvjfc luolr? thnii rfiiutir? of ttiF 1>ljuLvJiJi' niJtl ut 
V.yini\\'itiH »» tUii* Alivri^ vf llrtJiJ; llim Willi n iik^^-jr* ici Itii^ Enltrr 
fCmiUk ^ ffiKi^ni-iLP miitcM Lli0 '•fa' tUy incluilttl AT in«li-'<; Uni ht 
iUiT'-' ■-' - '*■' ' 'hw (»roriotnion»nf*# in*f bt- "luij li> fcjiK* unkTuivn ditltrr- 
triv .mln i.f lli<i TKu H<lx-4. With (-n^ t't thr hi^tiiT Urjixihiiii 

(.'rxi. in fMa*iiiiU'^ Kriljt llAllk-r fimMl Ili4r iiijlI>^ U\ tf rimrv 

llLluKfoit* fcJju tlv C«D«Jh. Anruniiiii: lu Itie lai^f •'1|k*ji.'i|i.h» of Ur. 
lMi|>cncBlblfi«thc roi?iic Hri[i> !(> U' LhcoftM *ilh»Ucoutmun UriliaL 

The proporii&t f/f fh$ ttxts in rfUition io rmlural fthdion. 

Th^rt* js ri'iiA^ti 1o tunjfcv^c tlial in »om<* oa4o« titAii ho* 
by wl«li»*n indirrctly induiiirril hti own h'\<pitf(Iii('iti^ 
jjuwt-n* iVriaiH u-irrii^ri t^iul U> |inHiiK'»*OurinH (liHr vho\v 
llTt« ti]«iv cliil'ltvii trf uni^ sva tiEUfl tjf fill* olLi^r: iiiid lhi< 
1^ h(j|ilf ^ittiti iif iu»rn' nuiiiiul:!, f:ir iiL!(taiic<% Lvt1A^ Ami 
l^M*; IhiiH \\t. Vn'righi nf Y'lilrTwIry Housf infornis ine 
tbal iMi« of liiA Arab marv<, ttioiLj^li |>iit ^m-h Imi^ tu dif- 
fenml hiirftn, |ii\n]ui^ Ht-voji filliia- Tliinixli 1 fiavr very 
|]tt1t> i-ri^fk^nn* nn tli»H lirjul, nnalo^' iroutd leSiJ to the W- 
Jie/, thut iht- tendency I" prudiico either »e% wauld hv ia- 
tim1<^<l ViVv &bn*Ht vycty otlipf ^nutiitritT, for inttAni*!^, thnt 
of jirodtitiiiK tujtu: uml fcni^criiiiig :hf» n\>av-> t<>nfl«ncy 
a jfoM Auth-~*ril>, Mr* J. l>owmnj>, Lap rtJitiuiaiiiL^Atcil to 
1I1P* t^flt- uliirh tHreui In pmvr Lhut tZtU tloi'-t ttirbr iit <vrtjiiii 
familW of ahort'liorn tatllt. I'oL Mntvhnll ** linn Fwjpntlf 
found on cArcr»l rxnmiiiarion that Hie Tvdfte« a btU-lrilw 
tit Inilia. n.iii^p-1 of 11? iiialtH aud ^4 ri^iiiuli^si nf all «|p**^ 
that ifl in ■ ratio ^f 133.3 b^aIcm \o lOO f«enato. Thr TodM, 
who arc boljrandrmifi m ihHr inarria^iiv, duiiiig fmuiiT tiniiw 
invnrinMy pnu^li^K] fnmale infanlicido: bul IhU pracike 
lia« Hon bovD Ol«L'Ot:l(mu(^d ri>r a coriiiiilcniMi^ prriod. Of 
Uie diitdrru U^rr niUiin \t\e yt-An, Uw liiak't arv tiiiir« 
RVinprf^nt limn tho fimnlt'^H \n ih** j>i>>nortion of ISl to 100, 
Colonel aocminte lor tint fact in the follnring 
ili^vniotit- mniim-r. " I^<1 ii* fur lie piirpifM-' of ilhiMiiuiion 
Ink** llirw fmnilii^ idj n'juvHhtir^ an iiv^ra^c of tlii^ eiilirv 

4& 194, IM, 




Pmt IL 

no wmti a wiri*ri*l nnpilirr liwh»ii\ Hniirt only, wltilht thv thini 
iijulhi.-]' Iift8 llirw ^oriA anJ ihivo dAUgnt^ra. The Cint 
molluT. folJowini: the Inlhtl ctintom. ilntmyn fcjtir daughUni 

llnrti kilh iwo diiu^htoi's and kp("['ii one, as ulso }ti'T tJirw 
■oiu. Wl- have then fruni U)c Uik-i^ faimlii^. iiiuo ^oo^ sud 
ttiriH- (I«i>^hl4-rv, uilh whidi lo oijnlLniK' Lhe lim^^ Hut 
whilM the inn)(s Mong to fiiinili<« in whicb the tfrnd^iury 
tu inoiluce BHiiM ip ^rtai. ihe feuidcfi are uf tlioec i>f a ood- 
vtrw' inc-li»NtUrft, Tliuw thu Uuk iitn-iigllir-uii wiili I'udi gen* 
emtinn, until, o^ ui* find, fnmthcA ^^row lo have liAbitoally 
tuort? Biiub limn dau^htois,'" 

'rtiHT tlirs r^ull ucmld follow frtim the aboT^ form of 
infnntiddi^ nH'ti^v iiLni'Ut corinm; that in if w(^ tt«Biiir[ir tlut 
a H'\'|]riM)Lii.iug li-mifiK-v f* ihli*riU"fl Rul o*- the above 
uuinW'ra are io ejilreiaely scanty, 1 have si^rcliotl for addi* 
tiono) rvidciifv, but citnnnt 4ic<'i<lc whcth<rr wlut I have 
found ir< fniHr.worlhy; i)4*vi^rthelc«» ihv fiicU uiv, |>PThaj>fl, 
v^orUi };^viuK< TIk' Muuni^a uf New Zenlaad h^M} IvOf; jirao^ 
tUcd Lnfanticidc-; and Mr, Fwitfin •^^ JrtnlfTi thot lie " hoa 
mt'l u'itJi }[J9|anLT?9 *>f women vhr. have d»stroypd ftiir, His, 
tuid r\rfi jitvi'u childrtii. ini>riUy fcmolt'*- Huw^'vi-r. \hc imi- 
veixil l>'^nhKlIlJ iif Hu>H' VjsI t^tinhflt'il tt> judgi'> ii con* 
dUKivi< lliul lliiK 4*UAtom hajt for mar}' yoar« ljee<n almort 
rAtinrt, IVrth/jLly the yf^ar lf{35 may hr nnmrd an iht- iHrriod 
of il!^ <f'n«i[i^ ti> fiUt." Niiw airiiirigi^l (h>- Svw 7<'aluiuler«, 
a« tvilh tlir Tod^, mute births ah^ cooeiderably m exoeaa. 
Mr, Feiilon rrmarki* (p. ifO), " One fact ia certain, nltUtiuich 
the erad ppriod iif ihp cnmnu^n.^pmenl of this uiti^ular pon- 
dttiou nf tho Ui^>r<>i»i>rtJOti i>f Ihir M'U^b caunot be demon- 
xtrutETfly i'iXrt]. it ip i^iitlt tli^ar that (hi^ ci^urw nf dr^:reii,it- 
trap in full opMnti^in durinx llii* jvura li^riO to l!*li, whrn 
tltc noil-adult EH>|ju]fition of llfti waa being produced, ani 
Imn roniiiLLH'kl w]1Ij ^ivnt i-'ntrK,'( up lu itiv pn^reril tinie/* 
Tho f-illow atiitflnirnts art- tnki'ii from Mr. Konton 4j». X6), 
bti( ua tW niiiiib('r^ art* iiol [arj;^\ ard af^ the ccnana vab not 
wtumlr, ujiiFiinn ri'sulls funiirit \*t e\[»?t?twl, II sJiuuld 
Ijo bnrn>» in niind in thU und thA foTlowin^ cuk<ii, that tha 
normal »U1e of «very popiilati^m i* an e.fceaa of women, at 
leail m all dvlhw^d t-fmiitrit'K, chiefly tiwin^ lo lite gnmtvr 
mortality of the miil<- kx dnrinii ^'outh, und iMirtly lo acei- 

In I6fid, the njitivo \Ktpa- 

denli o(A\ kinda later in Ufe. 

■* Aborifiiuil InliftblUAi* ftf K4« 2<BtBiiU : lt<f*trniu«irt Repftrit* 1669, |lM, 




Ifllion of N^w j^W;(l wnv tvttmnlr^c! a* ormAiMinj; of 31,607 
mill** ftn<J 21,303 frmnW rtf ft)! npfTi, that i* in tlie ratio of 
I30,:i niftlf^ to n)t* ri»rnal**i, Hm diiriif^^ tliis 4aE]i« year, 
and in wMam ImiitJ^ diMnotB, lb*? ntiniburn w^n* jucvrtiiineii 
i(itii mitch roTfr, Ami the niuku fiF «lt o^cf wcrr hrre 759 and 
Ihp fftnai™ fil*lj Ihjti is In thp mtio of J?2 2 malea ta 100 
f«tD6>M 11 » icow imfT'>rtArt fnr u^ Uiat duriug tliif nme 
jpar of Ift*j8, Llic «or*.njf«'f nmlcv Vkilhin tlir wmn- flirtlrirt 
WPTi» foiinH lo tir I7*i, jnci tht »ijri<ntfirff fprnul^ )J?, Iftat is 
in \hi^ ralio *4 IV'^S to im, It mav Ix- AdrltMd (lial iii Iff^l, 
al wliith peni^Tl fntmlt' tiifnritirhlr linrt i»iilv \alf\y rrnB«), 
tlu* <ii>fl-a'/H/* inalr» in "iir tlitlrirt Ufrp iSl. nn-l th*> ft*il- 
fji/u/f{>i otil^ ini, thai is in the ratio of 144.8 iimIm to 
IDU ft'iiia[». 

In the Stndwieh iHlamltf. thr nialoK ^-xciM^d thi> fi^ninlcft 
in number- InfAiilicidc wa« formerly ^ra<^li#o<) theic t^ a 

fritflllful F>t««t, IrtU WH» }'} TH) I)LeHl]?« 4'nlll1l}0ll t» fi^Qllle 

incaola. m it uhown 1>y Mr KlliV' '"■'^ ■i' ^ ^i'>^<' ^■^i> in" 
formr<i V»y Bishop StaM' niifJ thi' Itfv, Mr. Coan. Ntvor- 
Iftelan, Sfirilher apporenUy tnifllworll^v wriCcr, Mr Jarxw," 
wheav of«MTratic)TiA •P»f^ly lo (*i<^ whole nrcIiiix^IaKo, n*- 
markx; — "Number* of ttomtu ar? to W fmitiH, who con- 
fees to the murder of from thrff* to ail or f'lghi chiWwti." 
and *!*• adde<, '" frmalfn from Iwidk c(*nBidcrftl \vm useful 
IhaEi niaW wr>n^ iiiotr nftiin d'ntrdjnl." Kmin nltut u» 
kaown li> oooiir in olJi^r parin of the world, this statrinpnl 
IB proUiblt; but rnvsi lit rweivfj uUh much caulivn. The 
j»raclHv nf jnTAntrridr criui'd nb*»ul th«" yt'tir l^lt*, whirn 
idolatnr na« a>>ol]t)ifd ani) mi)^i>Tuh*>t nettled in tUp [«laDda^ 
A tiuvfu) CV-I19UH in r^ofi r-i tlic adult mid ta^nbli- m«n and 
wnmr'n in thr iijland <if Kahili mid tm oni- Hiril rict of Ojho 
(.JarTffl, (I, I'M), ijivcf nv:i ninli* iind :t7?'l foaiaks; Umt ii 
ID the miici of iv^ii>< t*; IW. At lite mdu- tiujc the niLmber 
iif nubli>* uoiEiT fi>iirtt<t'n yntn. rit Kdtini auf] iiTirl^-t «*i^hl^en 
in f>ahu wn^ ITtt?, and of frnintc^ of iht^ amif^ a^rcv 1179; 
and hc^rv uo liavu the raiJo of l?^.75 oialee to 100 fcauiks. 
In a rendiii of all the Ulands in tF^5Ci,** the males of all 
n^o* amount to 3>V'£<^< and ihf. fcrmnln* to 3CJ,r<f8, or av 
10^.43 to |0£>, The mair* urdrr wvrnti^^'n jnir>< Hniouot«d 
to 10.773. and tti^ fi?mal«fl undor tho aanko aj^ to 9593, or 
tut ns,3 1o tQO. From tht^ o«n»as of 1873, tbc proportton of 


■* 'KtmiilveTfaTnvrtkfmwh Bk *T>i'i# U j^rta In lh« Rev^ n T 
lM>.p.*». ^ 



P«KT tL 

inali4 of ill Hj^HA (liic-hiiljn^ lialf-nvdtq*) i<^ ffCttaW^ h a* 
1^5.36 to ICO, [1 mtul bi* bftrnt- Lu luind Itiit ill th«Be re- 
'^ume r<>r iJu- Siindwidt Islnrnlft jcivt- thf prtTportioji r>/ liv- 
ing mftlr'A In liviTi^ Ti'iimW, nncl ni>1 cif llir liirllih' ntid jii*4g< 
inp Irom all civiliecd o<jimtriet llio proporti-^n r>f mslM 
would hare Wti ci^iuidtrnblj }ii^bvr if tlit uumU^fii bad 
rvfcmHl (-1 hirth*" 

Fr^in the ei^veral (&ntm^ CA^^ ^'^ ^^^^ ^x^v roRMn 
t(j twlicve tlkflt mfAuUddrr jJimlntH! in Iht luamitt ahow^ 
pKplmDn), Ic-ritU h> itrnkf n miik'-prnltiriiTj; ratr: but 1 am 
far from eiip|>o(<ii)i! ihnt thie jiiradK^ in the raeo of miin, 
iiT HurnrT jtiiAuif^fiut jirui'tfbh wjlb ulhBr Hji^ivfr* ll^t be^D Lb4> 
fiohi di-u*rminiii^ ooli»» of aii •xei't* of ma)(» Tliofi- may 
be Kmkc iJTkkrto^vn Ltw Enulinj; Iti thi- r^Milc in iJottrrjiKiii^ 
t'lLtw, fthii'li (jiiM* alrtudy bfi'LHiK- h4.iuiru hai iiifirlilF- lk> 
»idiTK tU<^ if(r\'('m1 L-uiJKL<H prvvfou^lv Hl]iid<rd t'K lh^ iJ^ijaU-r 
IftcililT of porturitk'ii rtni"jni;nl wvniji'j^ ami the kvw ron^^ 
qiipnt injury In Lbf»ip riiwli- irrf:iiil>, i*<>"ld irml In i[icn*n«9 
tnif |iroj>i>r-iiou tt livo-borii rnu]*-- li> fvin^K-^. There doeii 
n^U hmrcvrr, *rc-m In be iitij iin<*«iMU';r connt'ctiou between 
FiAVRgp life ntid n mnHced I'lewK of ntiitn^: tJiHt im if M'l* Tiny 
juicl;;e by Ib^' o-iuiracti-'r (if Ihe «rAnty i>fT«Trniic of tbe Lately 
fxif-ting TnKinjiniAnK nod nf the c^n^-uvd on^priu^ of Ih^ 
TflhitinriA nnw inbAhitiTig Norfolk li^liind- 


n*l It- fl«-'jrtpli. Rpw.; Till. t. *MA. ft, 
ftT h titc tiflU nf L'nUfiiruiji ittcut Oit 
yrtr 11^'. 474 cli«l tUo hhUvo*. f^' 

fjk'< m-^il^flll ffcn»*>< J, '*' 4". |hTi*Ji- 
iKlf- 'I'^'i^''^'' *^'^ tfACnl um .Iriv4-fi 
fTFim Llii'ir ufiUiic Umlr ii*|hI k^vt ff^'f 
Ihc qtr .>f ii-ir^lL |[f ttUribflUf iMt, 

inifTvaiftiirLi'X'icimHloitrir'^] IBoMtin 

Dii^itiip: kiiiT he kiiwHi nn-ir Irimv w1if(ti i 
nr Ui'iA *» i!uc^ iv • riiilurn cf fi'iiuilB 

iliifiPtf vnT*f Vi'iJlli Thn Cuit^r tlur- 
iu»rii\ •f'rfifilJii^ |i3 hll ahhIh/j. In 
vrrj i'Pi^i^<i>fM^ l{i> fi>1>)« Uibl ' iu 
rtMirl'lb- |^^"IF^rtJ u *(in*r la nnl 

cmif** >k lt«il »rt iSi^rtifiTp. if I*r. 

P^ifl rif Vnloii«| Ma^iair* v*f«, 
full' it»n rnpltt i1iv|viiaf **( \t\c n^ 

l•]lA•^^^^l fiUiv*^ i>f initr tii>|*H'| r||q|, 
h* In tlifl i-niwM ]nb*ty fivtn. Lh*4r fr-r- 
tility [lAB l>c«B rJamibipli^^J friiiii 

ftcfi^finju. |i"Tliik|*. cpf (itfthpmn^lfii 
inunj m^fD rtnialo puppi'o ifif J*- 
>(rL>>'Til rlifln rimJiK jii>' iv- Aitlttfifi 

mil itiiPT fli4» Ml ii>tJiil */\{h fi^^.^Ti pltT-r- 
Timiii'U^ rnf'-mnittlfJv, I Iikjw turtli- 
kiilf n' tU*" ;>hi|«iriirin *'l t|ic f*u« In 
nay l-n<Nl.«\v^'iiTLFi/ rn?-^ ^"'■fJ'^V "i^i 
lhiin> till' iiitir lilrtli'-HTx Icltjtr fLPimlift 

mrnl' ■ ' J.ij* f^rtnler"^ Li n»^(i* 

tlnii ■ 'iF» \n ''"Hni" r»-|*ot« 

fii'.r ■ ' 'I I'litfli "l^ii-fw --■ hfU' 

Mfvoiiuii; 4Ui) n •inri iirii nl'I'^r ihjit 
lh« ftuWe fUI-li^ rjj' thi '».'t tiH*i 

^tiiTi OH »yi|pjriflH(*My clrrtpijfd 
nn'Tij t^ifl tTt4f ni«lp<^ ll>p>ii2li ^^^\* Jn«i 

vljtifK'r wc iiiiu -^1 llj' «^i'«# (>r4m<l- 
|J*4. ibvriTrril f >r ilir riTr (vm* Ittrafifi ol 
nn*l0 lilnh" In irrv> In Hir^iln, fhj ili« 
titlker Ifnrnl w<' hnv^ ti'Pn (tibt »illl 
tinnm nlLliN aAiI «h<rf . irtiii^li nrf Uio 
iitluililf f'lt I'lc >uiJTtc<tf ohiif-r oCH 10 
In iluipiynil iftltkfx'i* niiv ULCTartfrt^ 

ihe fcrnfllu tfr illfhitf Id «amu. 

riiir. viii pRopoftnox or toe spctis. 


Ail Iftr nmli*«i ami fomnW of ituior iinim*U ililTw nomo- 
¥fl»t in hfibiU ftTifl rtm ^X|>om>d in dilfoTPnt (lt*gwiw to ijiin- 
l^pr, il is fir^jlttlk- llial lu uiHiiv ca^nt^ more of one Ai-i than 
of ilif' olhvr an* huljiiualk flt'JlT'iyvcl^ Ilul as far a^ 1 can 
trace out the c'lmplir^ti'^n of mcuicit* an indU^rnmiiiJitc' 

_ lily iht* «viL-proJu4'iii^' ixiwor tif tlii' dpe4.-ieti. WiUi slrtH- 
ly itx-ial iminmU. dikIi nr nccit nr antj, wliidi produt^ iv vn«t 
nufiilxT of t(*'ril(- ami krlik- fi."ni*iU>i In comiwriwin wilh 
ihe fiiajM. and to ivbom tliia pr«pond«r8n<'e is of paramount 
iinporlAncc. m <vn tttn: that ilioac cvtmmtiniticfi iffooli) llour- 
iiJi Invt vrhfch ronUiii«-rl frnial(<« haviiiK a sTrniig inhfrJlL-rl 
tdcncy to produce more and moro females; and in niirh 
an uncLjtinl (wX'producwiii t^mlcntv wouM be ulti' 
'itiMtHy j^iniM) ihroug[h nntnriil Hk^ilinrL WiiU atiiiii^hi 
livinL' in horde or iroops, in which the male* r<in»(* In the 
frnnt and iU'fiMu] the Wni. at wiih tJit hi*"^* of Nurth 
Aiiu-ri<a ami oPTtain IkiIhuhiHj it J* tMHicttvnlik tlmf n ra[U<s 
j>r»ilin'ini: tiindETcy niiirht Ir*? <^u\it^\ Uy TiaturAl wWli'in; 
fur the imli\ii.ltJa]» of ihe bi'ltti' U<.'f<.'iidifd ljirr<Ja uould ItuM* 
more numi-'rou* d«4oi!UduntM- tn Ihe cuju> of luabkiocl the 
fvdTanlAiJEi uniting from having A prcpondrrtncc of mm in 
the Irihi* it Huj^jHittrd tu In* vue (^liief uauM' of Uw prartlci;! of 
TetniUi^ infaohcidc. 

In no ca8c, il* f^r aa wc can »ee, would an inhcrrltcd tcnd- 
t^ncy lo priKfui'iT IhiUi wint ih tijtial nuiTitn-is i>r tn jiror]ii<-e 
nno p=rt 111 rxppw, he a din*pt ndvunlaff** or ihwidvantdiro In 
crrliiin jiidivicludh tiiortr than t^i rjthi-is, for ii«tjm.x\ an 
inilividu*! iitih a TendcTK-v lo prodtiot- more nialw than f^ 
nia!*'fl trouh! tot stieoiW lirtt^'-r in thn bMh for lifi' than 
an individual] with an u^uMftilc IriidrrcT; and thcnfcirr ft 
tendency of thi^ kind ronid not Iw jrainctl throii;:h nalnral 
a^lcction. NoiTrthelcsi. thrrc arc o^rUiin auinmU (for rn- 
Mnncr, fli^hr-A arul rimjn'^Uv) in vhirh tvo or lanh* mnli'i* 

ir to W nectwMirT for Ihc fort ilianl ion of the fenuile; 

th* ma}vt acturdiu^jly Urpely prt|>ondenUf*, biri il ja 
ry an mnarK nbvioij^ how IliU nialr^prnd tiring lendmcy 
mnld hnTfl h^n flo]ULred, I fonneily lhfiii;iht (hat whflu 

a rcnilr'iicj lo prnd iitL^ Ul<^ ttro f^^ra ii> crjudl nuiiitivnf ^as 
advunlnjcrortc In Itit* !t|tiHi(>A, it vrouhl follnv from natnnit 
«e](irtion» but 1 now see ttifit Ihe vhflJo ptobkm is to inln* 
nte Utat it ia Mf«t tu lMt« itA Aolutioa icr the future* 







ThM* obif«»t«n «Wm In tbf I«vm< plft4«»- HtiLliHcv nli>uf* U<4lwc«^ 
dimcnhiHi) ; colour; nJiiknh'Urx nol *^<|uir^l t--rorc udtmllj ->4toMii^ 

Wtrti Bnimcle bctonjritjg to t!i« lowi^r daNvc», tlir (wo 
»eji«* Are ui>t mrfly uiu1l-i[ in tbr tintw inchticliiiil, nml (h4»ii^ 
foro soc'oriilftTt di.'xtLiil chimctcrF t-^nttoi be dcvelopt^t. In 
mttn^T ra*o*5 where the (tic* arc wi>aratF-, WU an? jirnmi- 
ncTitl^v Hllnrlicil to Hnintf »(i|i|mrl. iirir) Hit' imo riLitnnl Ri'nroh 
or (Inij;^^* for Ihr ol-hrr Worunvpr it i* nlnitwi cvrtaJN tbat 
thc«? anim/tU have knj iiupt^rrccl kdm« and iiiudi ifv tnw 
mE^tal powiTi, lu ari^irenaie each other'* buuut)' or otlior 
iittrii<HionF. or to feci rivolrr. 

Ucne» 111 ihe*« cla*tc» i>r Hub-kingdiHUA, >udi ha llio 
PnMoiM. Creknierala, i-Cchino^t^rniJiU, Sooloddi. w«ond- 
nry fcxual c'hi&niHonL, ut the kind which vc hnvr lo ron- 
sifler. rlo noi iicriir; Br<J thi* faH a)^rei44 with (he Mmf 
llial HU4-h tbjinioicK ir tht* hi^'lii-r dAKitv have Ihvd ac- 
qttirrct ttiTough scxiiiil .■M>lr(lion, which fh''p<'nH» <iii Uio will* 
rlwiiiv, nnA phnji*»» of rilhir vc. X4*tprlh»lRf« fioine few ap- 
parent t.'Xoi>plt<>ruj occur: iltu^, at I hoAr frum Or Bait^, 
ttic in»)c«t fkf ci*-rlniii hi^toion, or mtcrnni |)arn«:tic vronnn, 
dilTtr Flight!/ »ii ool^iir fmni the fnm«lr*; hut wo havp nn 
n-aenn lft*U|T|>o»e that suc'i diflcrvncc* haw boQit au;;nicD[od 
lliroiiicK -trximl wlcctlmi, I'onUiviiriC'ra hy wWu-h the mnln 
hfilflfi Ihp fiTnflle^ ftn(i which »r*» indiftjirnHihie for the pmpa- 
^lion of the dTJOci», Arv iiidependticl of »cxiia1 ii?Icction, 
Mild hair ln'i'Ti hcfjEiirvd thmciKh nnliiwry H-W'tiuii. 

yXany of thr lnwt<r toioiale, i^bfth^r hr-rmiphri^dttM or 
villi H-parulc H'xtA, arc ^maiueatH witJt the iikvhI l^hlliant 
iinl«, fii urr hIemIihI nnd ulrijial in im vlej^unt rTkaiini.'r; tot 
\miiu\«, mtttxy mralfi and prftAiwrmouoft lAclimnr), wma 
|elh-fi»h (JWiiP«', Pr>rpiU. Ac.), ioiiio PlaDaria-, maov aUr- 
fjhe*, Eohini, Auidinn*. Ac: hul wv may rom-hid** from 
the r^mins nlre^d^ iadieaTod. nftmcly, fh^ union of th^ 
Iwo triu* 111 aoina of thi-aie uniiiiuta, the peruian^i^lh Al^u't' 





madition ^f otbtrr^ ■»(! thr If>«- m'rnljil poverr of dl, thiil 
■neb €ot(jiir« lit* ni>l fTT*- 9* a u'ltml itr-rnrlirin, n)i<l liiiTr 
004 btvo tcviulrMl thn>uj;h omnl election. It «hoiil4 be 
borne lA viind tliat id no cai« lwi« vc mfTicirnt erid«oc« 
that roloiir^ hnvp hr^n thus jirr]iiin<rl. i-Ktr|it wh^m nnr 
«n u iBQrh mom bnllianily or coiiapirii^u4^ cf-loiin^rl thsn 
tb» oth?T, ami whrrrr thrrr v no <lifTirrvilct iu hubittf txlvtVD 
tWaoxvs MifflHrnt in iirrt>ii(tt fnr thr'ir *\i\Tvrvni c'olnitnL 
B«t Ibe cv*d*iii>o le rencli»rc<J «« <y>pipleio as il run cvpr h^ 
Ofllj vbrn Ibt! mor^ Ofiuuif-'fiUHl tridnpJuHK aluit;»t alwjijftt 
tllC miJ^^, VolbDlJlhlv tlijiplnv itirir rillncliOMK Itt-riiv Ihr 
olhcr wi; for we i-nnnot ncli''vn that fiuh di^plflV li Hjio- 
bow, ftod if It \rr mUnziUs^Kih, tvi\ta.\ ^I'l^cliLitt «il| nhtiotl 
iBvtilably fi>tl(nr, Wr nuiy^ iMnn^-^r. «xtrn<] thiM ^ODrlii- 
ilon to bolli Min, when coloiirrd alikt^, if Ihoir oolnurs urv 
plsinlj mnituf-oim lo ihitw of i>ue wi aloite in cerUin othei 
v|M^»4v lit ihc ttiBo j?roa|i, 

llou, ih^n. ATI! v'l^ to account for the bcnutifiil or ovrn 
^rf^niot vutiiuiH •>( wnny iriiriirtlti in tliL' 1i?u<<«t claMes? It 
■pptfart douMfuI vluHhtr tnrh cnUixir* ofU-n nt^rve u a pro- 
IcclkOo; bill Ihot 1TC may v'a>i^lv rrr on Ihu himd, will he 
idiniUt'il Uy eiierj on^ v^hn r>wis Mr. >Vflll»o-\ exrctknt 
MMV i^tt lliM tubjvi'L tt wotilil U'A, for iiisiaiK'O, at lirvt 
«ccur to nnj An? that the IrurwpnrrncT of th^ McHunr< or 
Jdly-flsli, K of the hirg)ic(il wr^ii.'V fo ihciii a^ » jirotfcfion: 
imi wlwtt u^? are rcmimW bv Jlutkol that nol ouly th<' 
Mi«diBVtr bat injtny finating ntollnncit. cniAlnrf-anv and oven 
email OCMRtc ftsh™ imrtflkc nf ibiji sam** glaaa-bk** appcar- 
tae^ often acoomjiainoii Tv prmiuauc colunni, wp «in biixily 
doiiM (hnl they InUF cHniir- the notice of ptiajfic liirds and 
(»thcf ('MnTTiL**, W. niaTcJ iii aififi <^nvinced * tb»l tlif bright 
tinla of ocriaiTi ^poni^co Linrl uj!u<ltLiTic< htvct us it pmlirL-tLnn. 
OcQi'-<pzcuott« c*>fo«rs an liknwi,*i- fK-ncficial to nifloy animala 
a« a warning tn thr'ir ^ould-bi- dcvourers thai Ibt^y aro din- 
Iwt^fiLl, or thfll Ihoy po«HMB *omc appt^ial nicaju at ilc- 
friKr; bul tbii vubjcd will iv djAruwr^l niorr ronv<<iiirntly 

\Vc can. in our ij-nomncc of mofft of Ibc lowoat auunal», 
otily My tiial iWr l>ri>rhl linU Tf>n\\ r>ilhrr from Ihi^- rhr^mi- 
eml Bitnj^ or tbp mmiite Mrnclure of th«ir lij^iip^, indf*- 
pooikniJT of any heivfil thwi li-mviHl. Hardly any colour 
a^ fmi-r than tluij of arirriul blood: bul ihi'tr 1%- no nwHrm to 
•iippow that the colour of ibo blootj i« in iteMf any advnn- 





Vakw It 

taj;o; anil tbouph U addA U ihr bonuty of the inaid«'n'« 
rliRtk, uo one uill prrlrnd tli«I i1 itju^ Ih-l^ii Hrrjiiiir<l for Ihi* 
puqyf&o^ ^o agniti u'ith many animalt, f^jiMiaJ)' tb^ lov-^r 
ooea, Ihe bilo b ncfJir coUiUiyi); Ihtui, a» 1 nm infomttil 
by Mr TlHurm'k, ihn <>xt.rrm<' Tiraiify i>f Ihr Koliik' (nakrtl 
f«9-til(i^) ifi rhieflr dii* I" the hthary pUfKl* being *«» 
Utr^MJ^h tJit lra]ii»1ui:ent intcKum*"**-— tiiiJ tH'ttuiy bt^m^ 

SrijliuiJy «f nil wrvic* In lhi'*r nniiTmU TJi*- tuii% tti'lhv 
CTCJiyioff Wvp* in «□ AnK-riniii fi^wtl ar<^ <K'*f nbcH by <ivi*ry 
one Aft gor^pouif: yet uu oue sui^po^cK tiiaf then* liuU arv 
of ihi' IwLit MilvArtritgt* fti thi' iTiw< Hturing in mind hnw 
many Fub^oci^f clfMK^k annJoifmuh Xq natural oriranic c^im^ 
pc>uikd6 liave bct'U r«;rf;iitlv fufuivtl by etttuiiHtt., and wbicli 
exhibit !lie tuoBt iplodidid owlumv. ii uonJd huw bera a 
«1ran^ frii-'l if piibt-Uncr^ similarly (^biiwd hfld nol ofccn 
ori^natciL iiHl£-}>i.^Mik'ff Uy itf tiuy ur-etii] vtal Uiut gamed, 
in Iho iJouipKa luborfliorv of linti;- or^iunuaia. 

7'ft* unh'ii-intj^'im i^ Mf MuUujica. — Througltont tliis gcv&i 
d]Vi#]i]ii uf tliL' aniiiiitl k-iri^Ooiu. on inr mr i ««d diJO>vi>r, 
Kcnndfliy^ H,-:iMal iharacU-r^, j^ucti a* wc arc licrc co^Mdc-r* 
ing. n^T^r icour Nor could Ui^y be ex|wefe4l in the three 
]<ivc«t vliuKcv^, ramcly, in the Af-i^idmiif, I'oljxofl, «nd 
Itrnrhk'pddM (oinBli luting llio McilluK^citda nf (uimc* 4tithoT«), 
for itjo^t [if ihi>4> animatM ui^* jiefmanotilly jillkcd to a *uiv 
pnrt or havr thrir »cXf4 unitfcl in the Mmr irdjv irEunl. In 
Tlie r^arm-llibnint-biala. or li^alve *lie(U. [i^rmaiiliioibtthin 
a not rare. Ia tbu ncit h];^'hL<r dflu «r tlii> Crui'.'njiKida, 
nr vinnnivr idtillii, tfit' Kiri^ arc «itbrr aiiitrd or iic-|iani1('' 
Itiil in Ihr loilfT CiXfiv t)i(> idaUi^ n^^'er jMib^'iu cp*viml ^tfyjtni 
for Aiidrn^*. Bt^t-unn^'. ar charrnm;; tbo fentali«. or for hglil- 
lajc villi othc^r itinW, A^ 1 atn infnTtrifil \ij Mr (fvyn 
J4»flrprii, tho afi[e fXl<>Tii«] di(f«»r*nr*i^ Wwnm iho *prc* <'Ci»- 
aie<4 in the aJiuU di>Tn«limca dilTi-ring a iiltle in inrm; for 
in»tnnce, (hi? AJiidl of thi; niatv |i(-rivinktc iLUi'/rimt Utiorra) 
i« narrnu-nr and has » m<itv Hongatud «|Mr4f than thai of tlic 
femakv But tlilTttinrir* of ttii& nnlun.\ it may be pn>"m<"d, 
arr diriilly i'cnuicTti'<l *ilh the art of ivjiT<Hluctiuilp ur WitJl 
llm di^t»>lf^|.itnTt of thr ova. 

Th<< GaMcruporla. though ccpabl^ of locon^otior ind 
forniihi-d vtith tnipiTfrt-t vyt^. d^i not apfienr U^ Iht dulm^i'il 
with Ktifliriviit raontal p^wrr* fiir i\w tm-mlnTi <»f thir rtino 
»3 to elruggW togttlwr in nvalry. aad t[iiJ» to aciiuire hsc* 
andarj M*:iua1 <'bnrad4<r«. K#Tvrthrl«fe8 viih tIi<^ fiulni'iMlf- 
CTOiu inutcntpods or liwdaiuiLa, tii« pnirtni; ta iuvcvdi.*d by 




ir UL MOLLUSCSL 2flt" 

IixiiiM^ip; fi>r thf>4(! diiiriMU, ih'nt'h hormAftito<1it». arc 
ittBiptfiku 1i; Ihi-^r Klrurliirt' lo |»air Io^Iht. A>pii»U a*' 
tniirk*/ "(jutc<ini|ar a tn VtM'iH$inn d'rrWrrrr Itv ninnurt 
«]r# liriiai.-on^, ui- uutjiil j»«^lru tit iloul« la f^Lictivu 0^ 
l»S«y^ ilacM lo* iDouvwu<^nr« H \es rILiik« 4|ui pi^[jiAi«a1 ot 
iIjU^" Thew aniniAl^ um^osi' a\to hihi.^jiIjIiK- uf Hrniip iTt^- 
;:reu of pofiniincTil 'AttiiAmont: in Ati-untv olwt:>nnT. Mr. 
|jiii^ffaE<-« mfi^nikt iiir thjit he* plnroi a pair ^f ]anJ»*Ti(iJls^ 
ill'pri>^jdT>4 ^'HTtlvM. AFUt a tfhorl ttiiie the ftroii^ nnJ 
hrAllbv mdiviitiu] diMippearH, nnfj wa* traced hj iU trnrk 
fkf fjin^r ifviT u wall iiklo an adjoining wHI-f^lnckeil ^aniin. 
Mr Lonedal* colK!luOl^d l\M U hml dnM-rlet! lU tickly mate: 
liiil alt*r Ml aWntr nf twmtT-loiir hour* it rclurn(*il, nnH 
Hpfviri'Dtly fnmTiiiiiikalprI thp rfwnH of im Hiircpdiftil fx- 
^K ploraiioik, for Loih tlir^n nlarl^J alaii;< tin* name tmtk and 
^Hc1i»pF*™nH nwr the wall, 

^H Kvi-n in iKt* hijeh('«f H»mH of (tin IfnTliiHrii, llin (Vphnliip- 

^V oila {IT ciilllHidhrt, III wJiirli tlkL< Mxvt are ^i^jmraUs ^.Lt'oiid- 

arr viMi^l ch^rarU'ri* of the prt*rut kiml <K* not, ;ifl far nn I 

^^ can ilitrovrr. <*r*-«r This is ii tTirpririing drcnmsinnco^ iw 

^H 1b^f« nniEnalh (i'>e^(«8 highly -dir^'^l^peiJ At.*]i9L«-or^'ari» and havo 

^H 4:onaidriaMp iiii-nUl puwco, nv will lir ndriiitli'T] h,v vu-ry 

^H ontp a'hn hflK wafHirri thrir artful r^ndpRVniin; m «iic-npp from 

^^ an i-nuiij-' LVttain Cophalo|f'>da» however, ato oliaraL-ftT' 

131^1 lij fine rxtmordjnnr)' m-iuuI rhfinirtrTr. naiiirl.v ihnt t'm 

tt>alp rlnmont collrcU within onn of tho nmi: or tjnilndpi, 

whkh Id thL-n caat ulT, and clin^'in^ bv if^ £uckiD;;-diac^ lo 

tlip fprnnlr. ]\\v>t for a IJtiu- nii aidrrpmilt'iJl lift-. 8i> frirrL- 

p]«1vly doflii ihfl rflft-nff flmi fpneHitFk a *opnratc aninmL timt 

il waa cioienbml by CuNicr as a puTii*i1.ic woini iindrr the 

Inainr nf Hcd^iwlyte. Riif fins rnnrvflh>iip" hT rtK-hin.- \\\ay 
hn diuKd u a pnmnry mthar than at ix acooudary avxuul 
Although with tlir MoIliiM^a itextial aelectinn dopH not 
»«im fo havp comn inln pky; yrt many itnivalvt* and 1>it'aK<r 
fJirlU-. autb aa toluk's. vid-^Ph scalli^p?, &c nrr liruulirully 
irnlf>an-(! hikI tthrtpt'tl. The rMl^tnrft do nol A|i|i^:4r itt inrrAl 
^a^m 1*1 br '>f ony iwe a* a protection; thf^y aro prohabiy 
tJie dirwl itsuh, ac in ibo low(?^t clawc*, of thr nntnrc fif 
|1|0 tUsuea; the palt^mfl and Iho sculpture of iha «hM] dv- 

lip* r&p4A« at de In Clai«' Aij., I ha<« rtvcn Id my ■J«Qm*J flf lt» 





pAKi a 

jiendiii^ on it« iri»nner of growth. Tliv amount of K^l 
Menu to be loflti^Dlial t'> a cerlaio eiCent: for alth'>tigfar 
njt Kp»tHI_T ^tAlod by Mr <iwyn Jt^Urm, ihe ttliclU of 
flOUK' ^^j-fi U4 livinje nl n prnfoiiml dppLh HTt^ Wi>*1it]jr iH»l* 
ourod. vet w^ p«nor*lly we the lower mrfncw, w wr|| «> tlw 
pArtu toYffrd by Hit miuilltr, Itno JiiK**'*'*''^''^"^'! 'J""^! I*"*^ 
H|i|irr iukI ripriail titrtnrn* In sohu' iiisri*, lU witli «MU 
livinp anioDi:^ ^^ral* ►ir hri^rhUv-tinled f-m-ww^Hk^ lh« bright 
ttTUruTv ttiajr t€X>f av a prolMttuii.^ But thAt many of the 
nudibrnnch mollu^-^i, nr ki^k-sJu^. m-e nK Iv^MtilifulK ciilaured 
as ony &hi*iis may Iw BWH in Mf^rs. Aldor nnd llntkcoi^k'ft 
umi^m^ocriL v'ork; ftud from information kiudly given ntt 
by Mr- Hiincucl:, it M«mi wttfomoh i^oubtful <vhHh«r ih«M 
colour* Qj^uallv wrvo iw n proicdior. Wilb som* spfciM 
Ihin nia> bv tJje t-Asv, an wilL one kind which liti.^ on lh« 
f^rt^ii Iruvcf of ulvii'. mid IB ilu'lf >.>Hfi!ht'|;rT''C'n, Itm niany 
brighny-colOHifd, wbiU, or olhrrwiw; coimpKiioiis aji^ioa, 
do iTol nei-k i'nTucahfif»nl; whilcl agnin mkih* i^qimlly cnn- 
tpicuoutf tfpt>c*i(». UH wt^ll uh oXhvr dutl-cokiurW kindf^, livo 
iincicr *t<*nc* and in dnrk rocwwp*. So thnl with th*v* nvidi- 
hranch n>oTlii80v. colour appaivnili iIihv nnt )<hiiul in tiny 
clnpt Ti-*lBticii to ttio imturc of the \>\awh vhich ihvy inhabit. 
Thc«c nnknl >cii-9i1tii;:v nrr lirrnirtphroditr*^ vet Ihcy pur 
togfrlhi>r> RF dn Ifind-cnnJlis mnny of which hsvn pxtrf>m«»lT 
pretty «bdJp^ It U conmiablo thil tn-o hiTmaphrod^tce. 
blttiirtf^ by <'tu'h olhi'rV ^riwtiT tigiuty, mijElii iioilr nnd 
kflvi> olTftpnng <rbiHi would inherit ihpir parf^te' jn^atfr 
l>*aiitir» But with fluih Inwiy-LirtTmihtxi trcaturfw tbu ia 
ffxtn-mrly itn|in^Uib]i'. S'nt i» it al nil nhrinii* bnw llifl 
offspring frrm Ui^' in*>r€» bt^nutiful pair* of hermaphrodit^it 
would haw any advantftge over ibe offoprins of th* Icaa 
Ix-milifTil. H^i tut to itit-T«aM* ifi nnmber, utiUiv im1n-il vigour 
And bmuty i^-^uN-ftllj- coincidwl. Wc havij not here th? oft«« 
"f tt number of innEcft becotnini; irhlur^ before the fpniales, 
uilh thi- morr bi-i\ul ifiil nutl^v wirrtrd Sv th(* morv vif;oroiu 
friiuilcsL If, indrrd. bnlliflnt roloure vrtv hcriffltiiil Ic « 
henna phrftdile aiiiriLul in n'lalion lo Ha ^eiieiul haliil^ of 
life. Ihc nim^ linphflv.iintL^^ intiividimlii would luoe^ed \^Ai 
And would int^n^or in numhnr; but tbi« would b? a caic i>f 
iinlurvl and ool of apxual aelemtion, 

*l hflT* ^ir>a rOvoftV' '>1«rtv«' faring Hy lli* twhn^nri nf U^iuniH 

■ mrtwia in^UmcHof Ifui mHuKih'* nf * I'l, Man* Im \vai\ ill*ruHH>c] iTjk 
ILgM i^n ill" «<«1itPtni **( * fnmi]pvn<n toh|«l kn lim |hj<^i ■*" O'r .V'lnplli'fr 
Ini'fii'iiMA-iifMtM *•} iht «arf«B rArrirBU^r of Hr-iilki*#f, -Trvw Hivtos 






U'omi*). — In tli}^ Hjli^ allhou^li thp t^\v^ Alirn ^-|iiirAtir, 
«oai4^tii»M Jitter fn^iu f*aL>h oth«T In (■t>am< l4'r« of «nc-)i \tn- 
|*0l1nnrt Ihnt thcr hArc- Wn phrnl iitnl*T (lidUntt ^'t'Tii-ra 
or ^^^'T\ farnitiM, yi»t» i1iiri>ri'n<it4 -to ncri 4H>rii of Ihi- kmil 
nhu'h oan b« Mf^lv fl1trit>iitecl lo e^^xiial i^ltH;U'>nr T?i^e 
diuinjib tuv ofk-n Wulifullir coloured, but jlb tU« »im« fla 
not Oiflrr m thin nt-|it^i1, wc nn^ but littlr tontuTmnl wiih 
Uicm. Even tlit* Nvnicrlians (hough vo Inwlv orKQniM^, 
''vie jn lieanty wid vnricly of tokuriug willi auj other 
l^up in tht* invyrL^-bnt*! trnt*;" yd Dr Ml'IiiIlwIi • oan- 
not diKOvtr thftt tbca-i" rolcur* arc of any ihtvL-c, Thi? 
MedeaUo ^uttt'JiiJH Lteojiu? tiuller-culLtun^, a^njrclJQg to 
M. Quuin-'fBffn.' ufur lliv |.i4:nu(] cf n}|>roduct]OD: and tliia 
1 pivn^iur may 1)*^ iLUributnl t^ their tcH vi^orou^ c-ondi- 
lion ftl thai linii^, All Huf^i- uont^lik** ikiiiiiKilf ii|k[Min<ntly 
atimd too Jov in tlii^ nonlo ft^r tliv iDdiTldnala of oither eex 
to txuX anj choice in >c-k<cting n porincr. or for thu indi^ 
vUtiisIx of th« Min^ fi»>j to ^mggli' to^i^thrr in rivnLry, 

8tih4nna4om of Mtr ArihropoJ^t: CUfci, Cntstacta. — 1& 
Lhi< gr#«t r]n« wi- flM nm*t vilh iih(!oij1il>-(1 n^vondnrv hpi- 
ual churaoti^rA. ufivu tlfvi^lupcd in & n-inarhiiML- luanuer 
irtjftjrtiiikiirrtj Ibr bubiu of i TiiMnciiniK jin- vi-i^' impi-rfrrlly 
lniJ>wii. sir>d uf" ^unnat *>Vfilain lh<* use* of many Mrurtiinv 
j>ecuJiur l« ont- .<.'X- Willi tlit' W<t pa^ai^llic ?<|jt.iK'* Ihe 
i[iitb-ii irr of jumill tair. uitd tliry nlmi<- iin* furninbril wilh 
yvrt^H FTrimmjng-K'g?, ant^nnsi and *u>ii»;iM>rp>i^*; 'hr f^ 
niaico Wing dv»titutv of th«t organs, with tlu'ir budivv often 
ti>iL*mtinx (if a nun- ili^tkHj^l miiJ». Kul ibt^- exirhurili- 
vary difforvnoc^a hctn«on the two iu?vr« arc- nt> doubt nlnlvd 
lo iheir widely dillcrem habita uf life, and confot^ucnlly 
do nol roJirrm us. Tn ^uri^iiH ^'nixtnri^iis, bi'lun^iiii; lo 
djMin(4 fnin]hi."J, the anlrnor niit^niuE- niv futiiiidtfd MJth 
peculiar ibrvad'likf hi'diL'^. ubicli aiv UrUetxd to act ns 
smeMii^^-t^rjcana. and the^e ar^ much n>trt^ nxwuvrfiVf in the 
mtlett than in iUv fc^muloj. An th? nidkv, withriil uny uii- 
uvual devdo^MiK'nl uf ilic-ir o1factor7 or^nv. notild .itniotit 
Mrtainly h« able ^ouer or later to find the ft>ma]<«, the 
IncrittMd numlx-r of tbr sthcI I injc-t breads ba^ prulaNy bueD 
iK^iliiiri'f) through w^iial wL^-tion, hy Ibr Ih^U-r [wnviJijil 
mnlpt bflviiig been Ibe iriore aueeedsful in finding partiier« 


I'Hann* ^T^ Ilv«li),' 'Be^od 



PimT It 

ttnil in p^rducin^ offfpvinf£. [-'riti Uiillfiv hu dc^criM a 
renmrkulk' OiuiJi'iiiltk- fipoiioii of Tanam, in whkh the male 
U n*]Jrfwnlt*il \ty twu dUliiul funiiK, vhh-h nevrr gniilDnl*' 
into «iK-h othrr. in thn one fonn tho ria]? m fumtAiied 
ttjtli iziuiv iiLititifrotJs bme-lliufT-lhrf-adti, and in tlte i>tJ^r 
fonn M'iih ui4jre powerful and ini>ri* vlon^iod chit1» or 
pinrrrv, which wnr to hoUl tlio fmmb. !"'ritx MiilJcr sug- 
^'eblH lliat tLt«L' dilTc'(i^nci-j bi'lwetrn iliv ivj iimir formn t^f 
the tiame ipoci^e ntay ^lave 'jn^inuiLHl 
in certum cndindmiU hnttnjc vjiritni 
in th« nniTtlxT *>f th»» ^im^lliii^-tlin^ada, 
irhiki other imiiurluflls v^riBd in the 
ahafK^ uiL<t TiU^ uf thi^ir cbelar; vn ihat 
uf tlir iartnvTy lhrw> vthirli wrrf 1v9it 
nbl9 In Hnd the femeJe, anri or the 
]Att«r« tliow H'liich were bt^t nblf 1o 
hikhl her, tinri* tFfi thi* ^-i^uliwt nuin- 
ljt*r of pro((<vny to inhoTit ttcir r»- 

Tm Hiiiie iif lliL- Inwi-r rruxtnoennn, 
Uiu ni^til uiit^-nor antcnnn of \ha niak 
(litTrri* grwilly in stniHnrr- from tht 
Iffi, Iti** lalt<*r n>wniMing in itn sim- 
|>Iq taperinf* joinii thv ant^nnet of tlie 
fcniolr- Irj Lhc innlr tht; motlifjnl 
nntvnnn U cithrr iwoll^n in thtr mid- 
dJo Of an^larly bmt, or convi^cd 
(Hg, 4b Into an ele^^nt, and «om«- 
1iiti(4 vcindt>rfull)r onmp1ox> prehen^le 
ortrnn." It n-TViw» uo ) hcur from Sir 
J. LubUjck, to hold the fcmnlp, and 

«. i'^n^tr\^Mm.^^.Tmy ^'^^ ^^^* "^^ purpose one of Ih? two 
l^^^rtb-.ii'hi'" ^''7"^"' iwflfrrinr iejfs |6) on the Mine «idc of 

ti ¥t0uniwimirSnH!np\*? thi' ti*>i1v iiii ronvrrli'd into a fomcfm. 

f L.ftToMr£tl!ii», 'n anothiT family ihr inferior or poa- 

Irrior untcrmit aro "curionsly nig- 

^ag^red *' in Ihp mal<*i: nltmiv 

In the bipUvr a(3etnoi«n^ Th^ smtmor l*pt am dotdopod 

inlo chdr or iiincun; ami el:*?** aro ^-^nvTAliy Urii:*:^ in tht 



**riMtBitl Ar|taB»nl4 far Dir«in.* 
BoflUTi tnntUl If4fv^ ^ ^4 the 

wKi' k 1 ki ^.- II. .-' I >* 'J ii'i'-il *[( ' St- 
li'i ' L'lilikfrUB- 

i-.w nti mf l.l|ll^■* 


Mur <>' rTtl ITU;,^ vol, il IKU, t^. i, 
4W l.ubhrxik ID ■ 'rnn-»i< Knt. *ot' 

ini>nrLi-pnM rn-lnH» ^v Irtu HnlW« 

lAT. IX 



irrnlc IIihii jii tli>* fi'iiiuli-, — fo iiiiirli m that iW iivirVrl tnlue 
of Ihi* imU4? Mljbl(^ crah idjmtr iftitjuruit}, aM*»r<Ung ti> Mr. 

In Jiisnj *:|im.'ii'* IIm- c firhr nrr tti iirimfiml vjr «» ih"." «[hkh 
■it? KitJo tif tlio body, Uit> n>rtit'ti«nil <in^ Iwlh^, h> I una 
iufomwU by Mr. Katc^. ^em-nJlv. tliuu^h nut invariably, 

in Ui6 milk tban in tlt« kmnltf 'Vli^ ivio t-hrlo? of ihi* miilt^ 

r^omo of ft«wifc 

ofU'fi rJtfff^r in rtmdniv (figfl 5, ft. anil 7). iW (mailer opo 
rrTviTttihiJ^ IliUt Iff thv ft^miJi^ Wlml ndvnntA^ U ffDinod 
hy ifirir im-^iuility in ^iu' i>n Hir ojijioAiti' Mitlr* of Ow \Hn\y. 
anil by llif- innjijujity hi^tnp nmch gr»>au^r tti Uiv vmk* [Itoii 
in tb^ foEii&te: mill why. i»lt«ii tfccy *re of oqiml ^iw, biHh 
nnr (rfti-n miicli Ijitvi^r in llir rnnlr tli>D in tlii' fciiutlif. Is not 
tnmrn, Ap i ln-ar from Mr. B*t«?. lb* rholj^ ar* M)in«tini^ 
of «ucU lenglL u>d »£« ihot thv^ €«»Qot jxmbly U.- ii^cd 




Past IL 

for CAJTyin; fcM>d to th^ mouth. In IW mAl*« of crrtaiti 
freidh-u'dl^r {miwiih (PuI'L^innni llie right log is aoIobIIj' 

rr than tlic whi>lo bodv,** Tlio ^'mrt -lav of Ui* cm* l4?g 
j|# dxhi* imiy ikid tl^t niali:^ in liichMnif with hi« rivoln; 
ml thii will m>t iirY'niinE for th^tr Jm^qiiHlily in llie fi^mal^' 
on tho i>]t|K'ejt^ Hidr« of th(> hcdy. Ln Uvtu^ijijuri, at'Lt>rdji]|* 
U a ritatrmtnt i|Uo(c<l liy MiliuvI'^^mnivlV' thf male niui 
Uir ft-iTiub' livi' ill tli^ i^Amr Emrniw, aiii) tliiti aIk^wa IIihI Ihi^j 
pair; Ui<' umir clofv^ tlL<i mouth -A \]\f burruv nith osiv of 
iU ihclit, wlui^h i» tii«riiiou>h dcvflojiej; sit tlinl htrv it 
iniltrvrtly »i(-rvi'>i iw ii rtnutnk of <!j*fi'mtv Thuir mflin ueit, 
however, tii (krobahly to ^osn and to ei^care 1hi> fcrinale, and 
lliie m Willie iasUiiun, oa willi CTaiiinjuTUB, in kuuwii tu hv 
Ihe cavo. Till? iniilv of th^* hvnnil qt iioldivr cnb (Paj^uru^t) 
for Vi^nkfL irtjicthcr, rnrrit^ about th< thtll inlmlit-**! bv ihe 
f'-'Hialh" " Tin' ti^\»."^. hrjwcver, uf the i-ijimimixi tilmn^-cnib 
(t'ur<i'«(/* pitfflijai, lui Mr. bulv icfonnis im% uuito djrm-llj 
BftfT Ihc fcmnlc hw moohcii hrr hnnl nhcll, whirn *ho i» so 
soft Thai vhe wihiM Ite iojiirHi} if Hi'itv^ by lTi<> ^Irmif^ (liiK^ers 
ijf ibu Diiik<; but uit tint lk cmii^ht ntiil uirhod aboat bj 
ihr male before lut^ulUng, f>h<: could then be ^nzcd witb 

tYitx MuDtr sUttvs thai oertain upeeiw of Motitn rnv di«- 
tin^i'hiMl Trom nil oEhi^r ain}khLTKiiL^ bj thv frntaUi^ Itnvin^ 
** th^ cnifl] Iamd1a< <<f the rKTullii&ite pair uf fe4>t (froiluced 
ii]ti> huok-bkc i>i>xvHi9, of vhi<:h the nub^ Uj liobi Witb 
Ihr buti'lh of tbr llrvl jmii,*' Tlir ib-vt'bi|Miiriit t>f tbvM' luK>k- 
lik^ pivioe^f^fc tiAti i^robabtv fuU^^t^d from lh»at* f^inalee 
■nbjtb wrn? Ihe llnl^l mxrunAy ln^bi doniijf the act of rrpro- 
(tuWiiin, biLVing li-ft llu- Ur^rrj^t ntim^ipr of olT)(|trtn^ An- 
other Brazilian anipbipod {Orcheiim Dortt^init, fig. H) pr^ 
B«ntE» a cttdir i>f tlimurpliijtPU like that of Tnnaici; foi ilitn 
an tu'o mab* roriri», whirh dllTcr in Ikp Mn^Hurv of Ihoir 
rhclip," Ag eith<^ chela voiild certainly guflkc Xa hold 
lb*; rviua!c% — fi>r l^olb ate anw uwd tn thin purpuse. — ibc 
two nial« ff'niiA prcbahly oH^cinutix! by Eame haviiig ^^ripd 
in on^ iiiAnncr and Bcirtic in aiirjflKr: bolb f<.iriii^ ba%inj( de- 
riv«l iTrlaiii !i;M*<'iHk hul iiparly «|ual lutvanLji^i'H. fnita thdr 
difTcivijtlv Kha|MMi crpinii. 


villi flrurr^ in Tru'- Ew>1uif. Sk/ 
nil Mil Afv-ff «|iit*nuirk1' i^'lli T4»|<^'L 

Fmnh lCof«i(i uij tilt Ftuui vf fl. 

C!kAr, IX. 



It I* not knovTi Ihul rrmlo crtrclacoAn^ fijjht lo;p?(hcr for 
thr |HMu-j^i>jik lit the fcinaK^. Imt it m jiruWIjl^v tiie ciuw; 
Tur tk'ilh ni<i4t ATiltual^ mIu^ii i\w rmlr iv lar^i^r tbnn thiT 

ImvmtE fr>U8lil qttli ptiirr mn]<.^ iluriit^ nmfiy f^viiurutiuDH. 
lb mod of thp orrler^. ro|kecifll]y i» like higfie^l or thu 

Bntdiyvini, tiw malt* a Uir^t*r tUiui the Ti^maW: th^ parn- 
Bili^' iftni'ra, howcvtr, in vhi^^h the ^exir** follow iliiri-ront 
liuhitFt L>f liff, rtrTiI iiLutI or ihi- KriU>iiioatiacii iii»M he ok> 
(^"pli-'l. Tbo rbelii" of fimiiy <-rurttJoL*iiTi[4 ore weafKini wpIT 
adiLpled for SgLting. Thiw when a IJcvilcmb {Foriwvt 




rutt DusciCMT or si&N. 

P^n JL 

finfifi rHtrtnif, Uir lialttrr wtu mk)Ii ihnmit oEi iU Imt'k, Ami 
had ^v»?ry limb torti fmin ir>i lioJy- Whrn u>Trrnt mnl^x of 
n hrjiiiliAit Uelajimns. n ^|»ccj(« fLirnii^hcd with iiimuuM 
»iii<rr*, Vkvif I'Imiii lupUn'r iti a kOsi^* ^i"s?vl !>>■ Fril/ Udl> 
IT, M^iy mtililalKl nnd kilK-iJ 4>it(- unulhir. Mr, Hnir j>ut 
o Iut^k'? iiiak f^^rriNi^ nifrnai* tnU' 4l pAU of xiakT, Inhiitjjlvd 
by u fvjEinle wliicli wuh |ihtiv<.l uitb a sirifiHi-r jiuLle; \tul Ihv 
lutttrT Wflfi 104111 (ItKpotFi-uiu]^ Zlr. Bttt^ uU^lx, " if Ihvy foujfht, 
th*? vktory waw a bl<j(x!lcw on<7. for J wiw no wouml*/' This 
Hhitit' Lmhirnlirir ii^jiunileil ii trmU^ SAJtil-hki[i|i4'r (f^ii i-riiiLiiiuii 
tin i>ur :ii'4i sh<>n-'*), liQfnmnruft mariniis^ ttfm lU* fi^iiiuks 
boili iif rthwrn were liujirisonrd in the *niut.- *i«ti*l wilh 
many imliviJtial^ of Iht sann.' &|><'<'ir*. Tht> fi'mak, wlim 
tbu* (^vorti?*!, 6»jtm joiu^^d llif olh«.-ri<. Altt-r a liiiit.' Uw 
iLinlr lut^i put iLiE'^in inlo Uir nuiir vi-^d; um] Ik- llini, oftrr 
fiwimniirg aliotil fnr A ttm«» jAJthM inXf' fhp f-nnvil, nntl 
wiiliDul EUiy li^fhliti^ al ^ntT t^uk away iiiA wife, TIih fact 
tfbcust thnt in the Ai]i[>hi}K>it;i, an nrOrr lint in tlir ?rii]i% t)ic 
hlhIcw ami frmakv rpci^gaii^ cdch other, ami urc muluailj 

ThL* mpiilNl jioMi* of Ihe CriiHtiUTTi orr prubnMy bi^irr 
thufi Eit ^rtt tigbt iL|)}H<irj( prsilmlltf- Any one \\\ta tnc« to 
caUli <»n*? uf th>^ •Ji'jrC'CTd!/*, to conini^n on troplcul toft*t«. 
will |H.i[:t-ivtf bijw uary Atu\ iilerl tht-y hpl'. Tlii'ii- i* n Hrfj^ 
cmh {liinjuf. latro), fouml ait t^onil UhindE, u'hJHi mak^« A 
Il])<li licd of Ihc picked tibrc« of Ihecoi-on-niit, at tb(> boUoai 
uf a deep Inirrow It ff4?d& ^n ihe fallen fniil of thii tiw* 
by Uumri^ aS tht- hurk. librc by Itbn-: ami tt uluiiyM Wgina at 
tbat iTd where the three cyc-likc d^prv^iioDft aitr i^itiiatcij. It 
Iben bfvak? through one of lhe*e ej^ by liammerin); uUh iU 
ht«vy froai pjnet^rt, and luruin;- rnund' rxtrnctd thr albutni- 
nouHCorrwJtL itx ruimw pwlrnor ptticez^ But lUt^i^HCtion^ 
arv pfflhAhly inHlinrtivo, 50 that Ibev uouTd bo p^ifonoL^f] 
as wt'll by a yoiin;; animiil aa by aii old one. Tht rcilE<iwin)2 
cnH\ howeitr, ran banlh In' wi fiitkinhri'd^ u iTniiu'nrllu' 
natural J£tt ilr GirdnoT," whilpl watchinp a ^"re^eraf* 
((SoUeir^ufi) making U* huirow. Ibmt Mimr rJif-ll.- low^rdn 
Un* huls- OiH- ro1h*d in, ami tbrw cilhrr *h**lU n^mAitm! 
witlim a few ineh^ii of tho montk In about Hve minutoe 
lilt crab brought oitt the ^lell «Uich hod fatlen in. and 
carrit^t it away to a dUtanfs ot a foot: it th*n mw the 
tlirriT <it1i<-r f^hi>!lfl lyin^ nonr, nnd evidently tbitikin^ that 

IBM. |K 111. th»tvgrL««nitKnij'Jcur< tba h«hiltHt)f 






thi-y niij^it likrniw ^i!l in. rarrM tliviti In tht- nfrul vlieii- 
ii liEicI hid Hie lircd. It u^>ij|lI« I think, ^h* ilitfrcuU ia Jix- 
tiji;gulrii Uiiw tutX trom «uu pi-rfunnril hy riiKQ ly tbo aid 

Ur. [larp rinw not knovr of &nf wcll-uioiki^ fAM of dif- 
ffrroj>oi? of i-olour ill the tiro svxtv of i>ur Uriiihli omitrtwttriji, 
la vhi( h mt|H^I Ibr srir^ <il t^r IiI^Ikt uitlmul- mi itfleu 
(tilTuf, In iitriu' t^ps hi^tft'(^r« (lu* luai^N ut^d U^niuio^ diEfvr 
^Liplit]> ill lint, lul Mr. BnU IIudU not n^oiv thjiii muy tm 
iUXiiuitlMl for lijk iLrir (lifTrrviii [iiiliitK of life, ^iK-h u»^ by 
tho mult- ivandfrinj^ nifirc about, and l»einp thus tnoiv tl- 
}ioK^ hi iJitf ii^iKt. l>r. I'fjHvr trk-^i lo diMtinifLiiiili l>y ci>li>tir 
the s^Xi'* uf Ifit' M*it'nil »|it-rii*h vhirh inhiibil tUr* lUiiHlinA, 
but failucl, v;ti:i*pt uith onif «|>«uJi« nf Sfiiiilla, fjTci]>ably 
S* fitjfhftra, tbe male iif wbit-h m deHcribvd b£ Iwiii^' "of 
a b*rau|jfu] bliiL^li'^rtwii/* uilh ahiil* iif Ibi' atijifiLrJu^t 
c'hvr77'rvHi, nhikl tt« frmnh' u: cloudod with bmsvn nnd 
n^y, "villi the rod about bcr much leM iri\id tl^au in llt<- 
iiiali'" *' [ti 1ht>T riL^. y;e tuav nuf^HVl Iht- u^t-Tit'y of Hr^xiitil 
sti-lcdi^^D, From il. Bcri'^ oht-r\-aU*nw im Uiiphmfi, wlivii 
plac^^l in a rrMcl illuurinalt>i by ^ (^tieiu, we have reiL^un 
ro M>ei^ lliat ev«n Ibe l^ui^id cTUa(jtiCi.-«ns can diBiiiij-ui«li 
coiount, W'ilh S4phiriTin <»n ocvanic fcntm nf hicilomo*- 
fracn). tht- riuiW arv furuit^heil uilh imnittr ^Jiiehlii »r rell- 
Idcc hMlicv, which 4>xlu1nt bv4iDiiful dmu^in^f eojoun: iUaW 
nfc aWnt iD the fcmaltr^, and in both ioiw of nnv ^juxir^." 
ft wmdJ, liowev*-r. he i.'tlri-mely rahh lo lom-lnd** iJibI t)it!«^ 
euriotir, oririnu- j^ctri' to atlmcl tht* ftinjtln^ I atn inT'innvd 
by (>Ji» Muf!*T. ihrti fit xhv finuik of a nruilikin n|>i'cie* of 
G«1ii^imn4, t\\f \v\\iAi^ bodv t< of b npnrW uiiifiwin grc-yUh- 
bro^A'tt. Id tbt- iiiuliT thir T>utiltrn>r \iari of Iht (.-vi^hAlu ihorttt 
i* jmrr vrhitr, nith tW jirtti-nor \iutt nf u rich K'^-^^^^^t KttniJiti|[ 
into dart: hr^wn: *nri it ir rpm*rkab|p thsl ihcs* f^Jonw 
are liubk< to rJum^^'c in Ihe wuree of a few mmulo^— the 
«hHr tjivrnmiii; i!irly (firy or n-PD tiUrk. tbi* k""**"* *" '™bt|.' 
viacli ni iC« hhilinnoy-" It d^jrviffl Mfiarial natit^p tbiu Ihi? 
maJeaUo tiol utriutre Ihtir bri^lit oloufr' until Utty b^(^m« 
fnnlnrv. Thi'j nppi^r to bi- innrh jnon? nmiH-nnif thmi Ibe 
fi'iniiloi; tbry diff^ir alio in th*.'- lar^or sw of Iboir chi-'iav. 
liT Nome Fipe<'ir?j at tbi^ ;;eiiU[^> ^irutiably in all, th< ■•.■Tr?^ pcur 
and inbublT E)ii< vimt' burrfiw Tliri arc- hUh. n>i vf Itiiv^ 
HVD. hi|:h]y inlelbfE>^nt anJiDitU- From thi«a<T nti^Mitf coii- 

P Vr riu rwcr. Ill ■ I-nm, lUanw. » C]«u^ * I>|f nrcUf4j«ft|«a Ovptpo- 
FtxiMtHnf., L I »m IihUH^I U tfl (l«n," IttCt. «. tt. 
5A£e for tir Favrr'a iiALtmrbL 




TOR lltO£KhT (iW MAK. 

Piw (L 

»<3vnitions It ^^mv pToMilt^ Tbat the rioI^ in ttiis tjMwi** 
hjii bei.i»iiir t^il,v orniuiic-utLil iti ordi.*r ti> nitnct or cjccik 

[t h&» ^Wit If^it eMU^d that the male OeLAAltniia 6c}«b not 
atqiiirt? bia c^junpiciioud colourtf until mfttiirc and iMeHy 
rt^uHy lit W'hI. TIiih H^'mK h j^rmrnil riilr in th<' trhnle 
clflda in reepoct to th« many remarkable etrticturaJ tiilfer- 
i'ucvn bctwerii xhv M'XL'H' Wt' idiuil ht-'rettfu-r lliul iLc uiiuv 
1n\r pri'^iiilmg l]irmi>*liuul thv gtviit tuh-kincToiii of the 
VtilC'brala; and in nil cn«> il ie *>miiiontly clibhinUvo of 
*li4rat;ter^ wliicb h&vti [kvu aniuireil tlimuKli i^i-^ual sfli*c* 
liun. Vfii'i hiiilWr*' Lfiv-.'* *rj»ir tthkin^^ iimtiiin-ffii nf thi* 
law; thiia the ninli* siiint-hi»|>|>rp (Orchcsliftl doc-a mtl, uuIjI 
iit^jirlj full gri>ivu> »u4U[ic \ur* lurgv i'l;Lti|rL-ih. nliit^lj aw lery 
(liiri-rtiiUc c'">rn(tnicl^(i fri>m ttu'U' <>f the fi^nuM; whiUt 
yooTiff, hi* cW|wr» row.'inlilr tlio*? *>f the female. 

r'ksH, ^nii'ftrit'ia (S^nl^^pfj.^^Tln- »fX*^H do r>'it ^i>n^ralh' 
Uifftr nmeh in L'i»loitr, hul i\n* tiulvti art ulu-n ilurki-r tlmn 
tJie fenml*^. nj» inny lic':*t*rn in Mr- lltackwaiVFt nu^ificcnt 
work.*' Ifi ftiimp hpp^'jpfi, Imwwfr, thf i1lffi?rj^nw is corspieu- 
OUit: thtiH thu fc'iuak- .if Spara^nujt epiarcjiiiivfut m ^Li!liAt> 
ifreen, whlUt the atUtU male Ijaa Ehe iihi^imiii of o fine yel- 
low, wtlh il»r^»> ktrv^iiiJcliiiAl lilripp* "f rich rfd. In ivrlaln 
npcrirj(» of Thcimi*iirt tho hc\« c)ubrl> r«hcmtik- ciU'U uUut, 
In othem th^y ilifTer much; mid atuila^oxi^ cumv iH^cur in 
many othor ^'en<>Ta. It ia oflon difAouU to fay ^hirh of 
the tvo fexi^ deimrtM motit from Iht- ordinary culoru(i>)n of 
t?ie jr*>mTa In wblHi the uprrM* Vliiii}^: ^"it Mr. HtiirkwiLll 
(hmks L[iAt, nil a ^eiK-rul Tui«, it U tlit» mal^; nnd Canc- 
strini " rvmirk* Ihnt in rertnin jcpiitni thi- niuW can bt 
Hpl^ifrnlly diariiiinijshjid uith vrm<, l>iit thi- fniifllrs witii 
(ITCTit diHkulty. I am infoniK^l by Mr Ulnck^iall that tiic 
w-jtrsi whiUt yftunjz untmlty naeiiihlt eacli other; and both 
often upderjjo gK»t ehnfig^s in ("oLiur diirini^ t)ieir pu*^ 
ccwivo moult*, Ijcforc urrivini; at iriatnriK, In othtr ea*eF 
the male ftlnre Ajtpnifn It chitniTf- iT>luur. Thus Uie male 
of the above brtpht'On|r»iirvfl Spamwn* ul ([r%l re*embles the 
fvmnle, and aequirM bb i>efubdr linU onfv wbcn nciirly 
fldnlT^ Sjn^tpr* an? prswi^sci! of uculf ***iih»'^. nrnl e^blbit 
miicli inttllijr^^nci*; as i» well knoim, tht^ fvtiintr* ofU'ii uht^n" 

Nut I'hIixb; vol, t. ^Mfr R, litTK 






thf §*' T thnr ofcc*, wliioh tPii^y oflrry 

alH>ii1 I n Hvb, Tho miilr^ K^ixli ciurvrly 

for iIm^ fcmjiti *•. hihI Imvp \jtvn aevn Iry (.'Hiienlrini Mini (■ihrT>i 
lo Gght fir |4o«cHi|ot3 of Ihcm. Thu Mtntc dulhor oija that 
thv uuiflii of iUv LwD »eLf» lu£ Wa nWrvcd tii uWiil IwvDty 
«fic<-i««; and ho AaJfprU p^witlvely thni 1h^ fi^Mi.al4> i^J«cU 
fomr f>f th<* ni«lc« who cMiit her, tlirualtnit thvni witb opod 
icuuifltblni, and al Uf4 nftn li>ti£ lin-iiliition acrr'pf* Ihc 

fliimit-nilli winr <:nDtirfcDrv tii4l ttit wtJJitidfk'-'J ditTorL-iit<t* 
in ii^l^tur ln'tm-^n thi* 1*11* rif frrlfliii j|H'ri*si arc lUr n.-Aul1ji 
of «exiu1 s^ocIiod: thon^ti vc* bftvo not hrnp Eh^^ U>^t kini) 
of rvidriKr, -Ihf^ flE»|l]lI^ l^iy the iubU' ^^f hid vriitiEiidiU- 
Froin tin" citrrmc MirUbilily nf roltiiir in tlir mulr of nnnr 
fMcice. for iiwlance of Thtrutifti Httrtiitim, il uouJd aj^ix^ir 
Uuit thtfftf «rxu«l chararicn of Iho nink's Hum; iiot oa yH 
hcimmp uHl ^irrL riirmlrin) dmu* llir iMimp mrii'limMiii 
frowi lb(? fact tli-fti lh>> inalee of wrtain apecii-s present Iwo 
formii, iliffiTioi: from r»ih olhtr in Ihi- ^iii- hihI li.ii;j'Lh of 
titrir jnu«; Jinr) thi>^ n^tniitjls uu cif thr hIioit i:ii>i'i< <J iH- 

Tbi- mair in ^uiicrmllj' much mtjallrr Ihais llii^ rE-maZ(<r 
•LnmrtimrK in arr rnlrn<iniiTijirv d^^ni*,''* urid hv jk fdrt'cci t(i 
l>o I'Htrcmdy caalK-it^ in riukiiij: Li? u'ivtino^^s a^ th^ ftritiaio 
often Citrrini her ivjt)t<» In n dmiKi^ouji ]iilt:li. Dc^ Cirwr 
wn- a malr iliat ** ifi thf< miiM nf liif> pn^pdimtnt^' f-Arf^^sc^ 
wa« »oi«od by IKc obj«ct uf \th atliQtiuuit, envf?lo|>L'd by hor 
iu a u<^b HU1I II11-U ilfviiiircrl. » tii>thl n liidt, ju he nchU, /IlltT] 
him with horr^ir And indignation-'''' Th<* Ki^v. n. (', Csin- 
brwlK'" w'counte m the following: nL^nnt^r for ihc txlivmc 
ninalljina of Ihe umlc in Uh- ^'rau.i N<-[>bilir '' M, Viiunn 
Bivi* a ^'raj^bir auL-ount <>f Ihr npio wny in ivlijeh the 
diminutive rr»alo cwnp^'e from the ferocity of Oip fL-iaale. 
by glii^iiif: abivil ^rxi pliiVEiig lijik- hikI cork nrtT hrr hrHlv 
and aJoTi^ lier ffipinhc lim^w: m mch a purj^uif. it le tyt- 
d'^nt iW the- chancer ^f cecafic vould W in fjivi>iir cif the 
enia11»^t rnaiey. while \hv htrp-r oTir» uonlil (all i-nriy vie* 
UjDi; thnit graduaJly a ilimjnulivp nice of iria1(f« would be 
HcJcct^d. untti tit l^t tlicv uiuild dwtddlt' tti Ihi* Hmalint 

>• ,lihi. '/ ,i....i, !■ \r.(ii". l- . lit* lltjt 
do LjJ Hr-Illb 41^1, l'] W n-'- l';'t'L*'M 

m»l». Ifl />W«"^ m^ffff. In F>il. •pn-'ji-, 
pad. OlhiratatL mciwrrTlnriif i^o-*- nf 

riikl yf SiltiNi'c; I MM. .lull, 11 <i>|; bul 
t" Bm^iiiolmiy." vol I. ini*. p, »m, 






pj>mT tL 

riinrtUiniL,— 'in imX jiTuhiihly ht llic >ix>- wc nE>vr m^- l|irm« 
i, ^, f<* sriflll at^ :m In- a sort of pan*it^ Ti|wn ih*^ fi^mnlc, 
nutt eilhtfr lii^Ti«^lh lii^r uulicT- i>r too agdt ami Iik» avmii tor 
}it'r tn niti'li wil Itoiil pniir diflirnlLj-" 

iiittlert of w^veral A|>M:i(a of Thcndiori " have the [wwcr ol 
iiiMkiit^ d firulntuliuK JtmiTid, vrhiM ihi- ft^nuliTj* htv mule. 
TIk' ■(iparvlu^ conwrt^ of a trrrnlod ndisp *T the hwv of the 
Atnlumcn* a^fliuM ^viiiili Uk- lurd hiudt-r [mi of tlie tborsx 
iiL rt^Mhvl: nml iif llim iLlrurhirc> iml^ ii Xtiiw 4^11 1h< t]^ 
Uxt<-i\ in Ihf fvmfllcs. It drsc/Tfii n^tjc*' tliJit scv^ml wrili^r*, 
induilii)^ Mtf wfll-kiii>Aii HrdL-1iiiuI<.>;:iF<l ^Vzikkt'iiaer. Iiave 
doclaro*] lliAT *fiidrr> an- ntlnittuil by miiftic>' Fr^ni llie 
ftimlo^iy fit" thf Orihoplcru anH lIoTnopUra, tu bn rkw^lwl 
in ihi' lU'M cbfipliT. wc iiiiLj f»-<»] rdnii^At hjiv Utal ihf 
fltndulalioti iL-rvo*. n«k HViitFin^ fAua bellpvt.'*. to call or to 
cxrili* frniAlf; Ami Ulip U thr firrt cnM' knonn lo uk in 
tlif n^oendirig K«le of l.bp Animal tiiigiloiu uf Miunds emitUd 
for thi^ pnrpune." 

CU«i. M^riopoda — In ueith^T of Ih^ tiro ord^rt m thi* 
cloff&i. lilt' miUi|ii>d(9 ond r*f'ntlp;^|p.1, can 1 fimj ally •*ell- 
TnaTki'd irijJlano'H itf i^urTi h(>M]Al ditfi^rt-iurh kis rn<>np |ijiTlini* 
larly (^i-HK^t-rii n«. In Ohftufrir titi'tntf*K LowovtT, oiid |>k*Hiapft 
in 5->iTif fpw olhrr fprricn, the mnlox differ nii^htly in irolrjur 
from the fviimW; h\ii iIup (ilimir-ns ii^ a Uigl»'y variHijIr 
B)>ovic<8. In Ui^ make of tbf> Utplmioda, Iho ]<>i*ir Mort^tn^ 
rithrr In rnr of ihc ontrrior or of the piMiciior M^ttientj^ 
of th*- hf)t\y art> irndiflf'd \nUt \nvhenit\\p honks whic-h H*rvr 
to M<(^un.- 1hl^ fL^rnalf- lu ttoni^ 4fM>ciofl rif luhi^ tlio tani 
of Ihf mnlr nrr funiJ^lLrd with mrjiilimticnLi aiukrrs fur Ihe 
Minp pnrprtii»> Au wo ahall bj^p wln*n wo tr^nl of (n*ivfK, 
it tsa nitich i»'>rt uiiumielI 4in.iimHtjrK<. Iliat i1 in Ihi* fi^muli' 
in liitbohiii;(, nliiiTi ii^ nuiii^Tii-i) uilli |]rrlii-ni:id(- ntir'-''^^^"^ 
at th« trriT^mity of h« bo^jy for hoMinjj the male.** 

h |kr }f IE tin 7<>ij1''1--'pii, in fir* 

luiv iri ' ' ' ' ftir» nui-tju-fftii-, 

^^^l>L'^"■ ■ ■" |i'.-(tk'L'»iHini*, 
*rr ■/. ■! n|,' IHfi'J, |i»VV 

H Waribrrikflr «r I'. i;(irr»ii>, ' lliiiT. 


Dtvti«li»J arvcerv jnwnJ b* ihn imIh Air •^■iBf Iba fnnnli 
wnom tnnrtn itit v^jboi. of whTcli il» iiifitnlniF i* nut unilpfkim 


*«Jba^oi wriicii lilt iiifitninff It nut anAifU^nA—mni-r. 
wivyi In lii* UlHciij lb* ■WEGK-'TtiyMniir*— l>l|'tf r4— llviMii'lcrA^lJ^rjiuip- 
1'' !' iIjk fusln. iiiifrh Jlvi'niAi^:] tri •rnirtuiw : ph|rn*i>fl^ : 'i^lnam 

. xiiinJ <]Ltl>*rm^ kn poliiur ItjnKnuptrrk, )-ut;n*£itt tail 

Is lljf immonH' diu* of insects th^ B?3;t<* -omelime* 
i]iir«T in t^ivir Iocr>nio1ivi>-orG:ftDs. and ofti-ii in th<^ir rtimnc^- 
or^nfi, «* in tin? |3w:tiurtltyl nml hrniitifirlly filiiniojr im- 
FonnK 'if tht maUt nf mcinj iponrB, In C'hl<x*or, <ino of 
the Kphcmcrff, Thr iriolc Ijua gTvai uWUr-^d ci<», of whirh 

iht fciitaK' in irilfrvlv ^lirsntituU"-' Tlii' iwi-lli Htr nlmrnl ill 

Oir fcnmlm <tf fvftnin tniprlj", flp in lh<? MnfilliHre: arid 
hero the foindcf are likewitv win^'lt-«. Ilul wt: Hrt ilnrfly 
<^rn*rHfd lA'Hh Ttnu'run-t hy whif'h nni- ?mil? is ennhh^d to 
coD()a(7 flnnlhrr, oilK<^r \n bnttln or coLiHehifii thrnuj^h his 
atTFtij^lli. pugnicjty. nntAmmU. or ehueic. T]ie iiiuiinit-r- 
shli^ oontrivnnri'K, thcpi'fnrp. liy nhitrh Ilio mulu U nMo to 
mnv Iho r^-iiifllc. ma}- i>c hncfly pnesixJ ov<^r. Bc«idcE flio 
coiii|i1r*x Mnit'liETrv At thf &|ie.\ of till' aMi.-mpn. \t1ii(h 
rtuflht porhnpp |o hf mrki^rl iti: primary' tirpuie,^ " it lk juton* 
iftliinir" a" Mr B, P, M'aUh ' lift? rcmnrkoH, '* how ranny dif- 
f'TiTit or^Njtjn JIH" wiiitrrj in hy nnhjir f<n llit sj'i.'jjiirr;:!'* 
in*ijn*ffi''**^l rthjort of pnnhling Ihr mult* to ^rasp IIk* foni.ilo 
flnnJT,** The niaiulibW or J«w« ftrc «otn<!(imcp U9n\ fnr 

DUD ?«r/f4]. >tV. t«M |>. 1^1 WlLU 


fkrf iu <li>«J> -hIIltlI ^itr?*^ mthI ^n'mil 
■ iceU'ni apHiflf ntirtni^t>*f*- Hut tftpir 
Imprlin'*'. fpTfli (I luni^lLonil wlnl nf 
*icii*, V Mr- R, Miirrn''hU" lii*« rn- 
matkr-l u< mo Fit* jJtol'uMj hr-ftti n/**. 

«JLfM'ti4-Hrji«^ In litM* oi|tjin# «f^uM 
•ultlM Vh |<rf'^piii [btf EnterePAflnif r?f 

tvbpjtinl- Tlril Utit tun Imnllj bo 

Iti* i-jut". *in «n*i Infbr fhjfii tbe mioT 

Mt.">TJp<lc*-™("iie.f[i|ililtlflfl«, BfTJTin. 

*t;**'hK^hri* 'I" ^»ivt: H LI. iHiA,*, 
!M; vnA Wmlwrrud. 'TmirHr-L KuL 

Mr Mfl4?l>«vMiiFk infnmjrt mv ^viJa 

I'PL'MUir IfV l>f. Aae- Mr^cp, My 
ii^vp^4'i. vtA oAB fuLr frtrjliinM» »*rtjfo 



Pau 1L 

i\u» (lurjKiK-; Ibun lite inulv Cvrjf^^Ua contniuM im iitfiiro|i' 
((«n)UK inunl ill (oirir clcgnv jiUiiffl U> the Dm^^n flipc, ACt) 
hub iinriieiiw coinx^l j»wM, 1110113' (imcfc lt>ii^er timu tboec of 
the rrjimlr; and tliey arc nmiroilL cuHlfvirl of Iminj^ InnUml, 
eo thnt lu^ ix thuK i-nnbU'd to ci^izr^ hrr with^ttt injun',* Ono 
of \}\e stiAiZ'hccil*'* of .WirtL Airimcn {Lucanu-v tlafihtif) 
utrt'ft lijtt jjjvv*, uliitli un- muL'fi |jir;^'i'r [liim Umw of ihr fir* 
mnle, fnr Ihi- natno piirpowj^ Inil prolovbly likrwiw for flphl- 
1114;. in one uf ilic daiiQ-tviu»p« ^Amrmipliifa) tfii juw« iu tfio 

piirptisc«: iho malte, e^ I'mfcwnr Wiv^lwood ohnirv™, '" 010 
eftcetdiufc'ly anlc^ui^ aeUiiT^' tJieir tMuLucrs round Iho nock 
with Ihdr ik-klv-»h[i|>cti ;■*»;"* vhiUl lUe fomales uM 

th<M; <>rj£niii; for biirrovrinf!; In 
lACid - Uuiiu anJ nmkiii^ their 


Thc tarn of the front-lCRB 
fliX' liiliitril in Jikiiny iniiU- Ik'i'II™, 
or aru fumuht?J uiih l>roed 
cv((i<ion4 of huin ; an<J in 
mH»'- ^^Hirrii (if ifc^trr-tM^'Ll*?* 
th^v are snnod v^ilh a round iUt 
eucKtr, try Ui4t ihc ituL]t nia> ad- 

lien." to Ow ulijiju-fj hot}} at ttiv 

^(^ frinfllcf, li L» iL muoh nviro un- 

^^ u*udil L-ii'cujiietuilL-c l! jI tlie fe- 

Uifiltv o f ^>j]ie vf »tv r - IhviTc* 

( Uvtipyutf) hrtvc thvir gIvUa 

MiJtutuf ihicklj' ►«»! itfitti hairi^ 
AH un flirl lo tix<; muJc- Thi' (c- 
tiiitU"!i nf soaxii <ilht^r hbtf r-ljwtlet 
Olv'lrnponin) have their elftm 
punctiiiiyl for the r-nmtj pur- 

Cc,* In thi* ifiiilr fjf Cmhrti tru 
. ^ \KhW\i 18 rlilaC«d iuto a hrmA 

horny plal*-, with minulc riK-tiibrunt-ftUff clota, iriviufi I0 it 

Vtd ft <'fB>kni oiibrnrliut ITrrrr 

II. IMP. p|i UOA, ^<tf Vi. Wnl^li, 

• W« hum liniv « HiurpAiiT to-t infl( 

urThrrnrinlo nffnii' EiJMi«wr| *.[>*'< |m 
of Dj^4Us *iid «f ivrUin tf-Miei of 

iiifrL np Ifilcnnnlrtte rwMinivi f*- 




CmtF, X. 



m flnsvbr Appmnm^-^c* Likp that uf a rii^dk.' In the niAlr of 
IVnlKo (a K?tiuji of iM^ikb^i a fvu of ihi} middk JouiU vf 
Uic onlroDii' An.- ditiilril Mitd fviTu\thci\ on 
l)i« ififi-riur iurtaiv wiiti tir«1iii>iM i>f hAir, 
<'X«clIy liki* tboMon ihc Um nf the <*ara^i 
lU', "aiuJ ot)iiiiii&lj for thr jmituc end," Ln 
null* ilr%j^0'l!in>, '^ tlu* ajj-i-mlftgcs at Xht- 
lip of Uio Uul art: ULudifird in UD ulai<ut 
itiruittu rarifljr of ircinmiH |>tt(Um* to rti- 
Warm lo cmbnw fh« ncc^k ^r ttio U- 
L^ityy ia Ibc itioI« t>f taiui> in- 
fn-ir^ ihu Iwf^ Arc fumiiJird uilh iiiHtulmr 
hp\tn%, loKihA or epnnt; or Ih*^ whoip Irjr is 
bowed or UudieDoa, but Ihib u^ by no muiiiiB 
iiKAmbl): » iiaua] tboraurtrr; or vnt^ (Hiir» 
or all ihrM pun an; HongitiM]^ i^mrtimtffc 
to an ciUn^ii^fit lfnj:ih.* 

The tcxeb ijf luan^f' B|>ei"ii3 in nW i\K wr- 
d«n prc«cnl diUcrmKLii^ of u'tiii^h the nuuii' 
in^ A» oot UJidortilood. One curious caec 
i« Unt or ji LH^Ilt^^ (fiK- HOr l^^'' r^'^t^ <'' 
which hM Ivft mondibk much cnlLirK<H] : 
»o that the mouth is preatlj di*t'>rtL'd 
In iuiDlhorCAnihidoiulH>i?Uc^Kiir^KnalhiJfi," 
v« have tha cue* unique' n& Tar Ai^ knowit to 
Mr. WoHuton. of ihi? !i<?n<l of the f^rruale 
bviix^ much bmndt^r uuJ birp?r> tbuiif^li in 
m van«blc d*^cTw, than that of ihc- mol<i, 
Aiij nuiuber uf nu.^i cb«<« euuld bu ^iv<;ii 
TlieT abounr! in tlio Irfptd«}>teM: ono of 
the Diotrt cjclruordinarv u tlml cvrtmn mule 
battfrfli(« huTc their fcirc-kc* niorp or Je** 
atrophied, vrjth the tlbis nnd tarsi ri^diicrd 
lo mere rudimcntiiry kiiobfl. Thu wia;:ti, 
ahoj in ibc Iwro u-jlw oticn dilTrr in nruni- 
tion/* jind iOTtifliiiie? confiidnrabily in oiidire, an in the Ari- 
fvriii e^luf. wbicb wn^ whtwQ to mc in tli*- Itriiihli Miwcuni 
liy Ur. A. Elulli-r. The nmtcJA of ci*r1iiin Sfnitli Amcrricnn 

Prn Ifl Tip1irrHli«w4 
Ht", ni4l* ; li'HTir 

p. IDS. Tlic r->Tl'-BLfi^ »Ul4nirnl ft>xjut 

rt^. itL n^ «a l3« 



kdd tliAL Hid vinr* tfi h^cfIaiM H^niAD' 
<if4nrH i"f* itliLirJfUBt 'F'pMnriiJl H^- 
iiinEiiri^' lA^T, (III DK 4a)<lUrar Ln tHti^ 





PlftT IL 

hultepflii.** ha\c tufts of bftir on the mBriniis of ihn vings, 
and liorny fJiitvpurrid'S rm [lit disis nf iht' iio-li^ilor jiajr." 
In i»c™ri! Hnl]*h btilu^rEliw. UK nhi-ttii l*y Mr W*'»ufoT, iho 
malr» oJonc arn in yinrU rloihpd with i^ixiiliar «nIfK, 

The nw> of the bright light of thf» fpmnlp ^l.iw-yofni 
Liiia been *u1*ji--fl to muub diictinaion- Tbi' laub m fevblj 
lumiriiiu** w urc thr Urvd- nnit '^vrn Ihc ryyi- It has b*Mi 
Au|>|!J>]ird hv 4IH1IV authors that llie light ft^rvM 1o frighleo 
uway ciitinus, and by othcr» to ^ide itxc mole to tbi; fcmalGi 
At )ju((^ Mr. IMt " oppnirh io hari* fit>!\iMl ibr (finiriill}: Ut 
flntlfi Ihsl 8)1 ih»» T>Mf»|tvrifie which h»^ hfle tritd art- highly 
dijstaptL'ful to imiet-tivoroua mamiiiJilB and binb. Uoirv il 
i* in jii'i-'irdimi* *ilh Mr. B«tiV xitnv, lifrrBftrr (n Im* *k- 
plflin*»(i, that uxuny i\\f.M.U mimrc Xh^ Lomj^yn'l!!' clop">ly, 
in ijTd*^Tto be iijjfttaktn for them, imd Ihua lo f»Ajv iic*t ruc- 
tion. He furtbrr Ih'lipvj* that tlir Inmiivmt K|ii<<'ti-«: r»raflt 
by ticing nt onc^i rccoj^jeoii aa UDpetfltshlc, U ie probable 
thai the Mme tipUaution may l>e eiU-mJwl to the Elati*r«, 
brith wxw t)f which MTV highly Inniinrntit It i« not kii<)arn 
why the nmg;f of ihc ftmtilc plowwoTm havo not l-ctn 
(levtlu|"Kl; bul iii hi^r |irrt<rril t^fdli- rJii.- How-ly rw»*-nil)frt 
a lana, and iik Urvu- art wo lar^jL^ly |>n'yL*J on by iimny ani- 
itialF, wc can iirdcrsUnd why flh<' hw hern rendered to nmcb 
niiin.' litniinuUK jind <-iai»[iH'Ur>iH Tlian the iiial?: anil w)iy 
thr fjirTBT l!wm»ti.'lvn( arr liki^vvifj.^ liifniur^m. 

iHlffrrrt<€ in Stit bftw^tis ihr ^V,fw,— With in*ect* of d] 
kiiifli^ (li^ ni»let4 art< coTninmih Hiia^Vr Iban llu' female: and 
Ihiit difTcrrncc can often by dt'Efi^led even m Ihe larval state 
So C'>n*idfrnhlc i* the dilTcrenre h^turm Ihc mole Atd fcnuil^ 
coooons of Ihe flilk-moth {Humhi^r mnri), thiiJ in Franef 
they an> jw^jaruted by u prirhcular ni-ido of wet^-hiiiji>'* In 
the ItiweT cln>w8 of >he Jtiniiinl ktn^idoiu, thr* ^wuivx Hist 
of Ibo females w?em* g<?n*rally t<* dpnonfJ i-kn tlioir dosi^lnft. 
inif an enomiou* num)K.T of ova; and Ihifr may to a c'^rlain 
irK(«-Tit. JHtbl jEriiiLJ Uklh iaveeT^ Hilt 1)r Wntlmi' han duj;- 
gwipd a much morr pri>hablfl eipUnntian, \\^ Hrdi;, aflep 
earcfuny atlfmlini,' {<\ the dmdopmtni of Ih^ cal^rpillara of 
Hutnh^x cynlhirt iitu] tfUtntirrtnL and i-aju-eially In ihal at »oine 
rl\fArf(<d raii?rpiLbir^ reared frono A ancond Hroor! on un- 
nalural food, " UuiL ui propctrlioa aa the tDdividua] moth 



SolBDM lfi»>lcir; 1H\ ^ Kl^i^.^^^t iriF»'lhrKNc^'..r art 

duj*. X 



li Untr, *o IS ihe Umi* r*qmr**d lor ita uvtomorpho^li loo^r: 
«iid for tliin nMAori Ihr frinajc. wfii^h iti thr luriccr and 

^rIll Iw |irec«d<.M tn' iIk' injile. whidi ia ciimlltfr uii^l ha^ less 
li> malurt/' "' Now fi.-i moM. inM-tif* nrc :^licrt-Uv.:i:l. ami uti 

a<^Vfmtfl;;oou0 r j i1k' kitml.' to be* trnpiei^naUd o^ ^k.>u lu 

drst muliirci] in htrnf tiximbt^n n^ucly fnr thi- m!vrm of tlit^ 
femftltfl; and thi^ ajs^m would [inUirfllly follow, u Mr A. 
H, Wftll^Tf? biiH ri'iiirtrki'^J/* llinn^^'h iiHluml HrUrtion; for 
th(^ itmilkT niA]iu Mciild be lir«t inftiurvdf JinO Uiiu would 
procrcat*- & larjrc tiudjUt <>i oflf^prine irhlch would inherit 
the rMiui'cd »!£!■ *jf Ibdr iiia]<? paitnlfr. wliilst ih"? larger 
iitak'K from bvin^ matumd lu1<Tr would It'uvv f«v<;r oft- 

Then? ftn-. h*'wevi>r. i?xc«]>1tonK lo the rule of male in- 
aocIa tK^m^' KiiiAltc) than Ui« fvmaku: uiid lomi* of tbc'iu; 
pxccption? aiT jnMliffib!*, Siw dnd itrtnKth would be on 
advsningo tn lb*? mnle*, which light for ihe pr>fw*»stion of 
th^ ftf<muk<^: and in (iit^uc- caii<w, uti with tin? ^hk heotU* 
f IjU(flniiiL>. thr md<"F nrc Inrg^r thtn thr fpmoW There 
arp, however, oth^r WiIph which nrr not known to fight 
logylhiT. of whji'h tht' inali^ oxcvod the femiUoti in duae: und 
\hr mcnnin;: of thin fjct. Ih ngt kiiown^ hut in tmtiir nf lhi^<v 
rsfti't, flfi wiih tli<» hup> nrn»Ht?£ and Mi'gAHomn, n^ cgn at 
Ira^t 8<v thtit UivH' wr>uJd Lk; no Di>oi.'M<itv for tin' laak's 1o 
In- nmulliT Th.iD llii- fniiiile*, in nnhr In !«' trmlumt Wfom 
IhLfm, for th™^ 1>nHJcs nn» net whort-liTfd, And fhpr^ wonid 
be Am^tEc timr fi>r the puiritii; of the ^iii^ So u^^in, male 
dniifiiii-rie^ (LilieDuliila-) hfp wimeliwiia w-nitihly 1arK<*r> And 
nuvLT xmall^^n than the fcmatr*; ^* and a^ Mr ^Infljichlen 
bHic\cp. th^' do not concrtlly ^tur with the feinaint unlil 
a u<*fk or mrtiiit^Et Iijih t*lHpii->t. and unliT ih^-y linT«< ei»- 
euiaed Ihi^ir |*ro|h-r niAicnlinc eolourt, Bnt the mo** r^nrj- 
f>m cue, nhcuiri: on wljul <xi]ii|il^^ and fra?^Jly-u^i'I'louked 
Tplation8. wi triflin^r a rhnrat-t*r jtn (UlT*rfnoi- in mk(* bpiwi^n 
Iho ae\m cmy depend, la Ihnt of ihr arulcnt'' Hymoiion 
ti'.rn; for Mr F Smifh informs in*' Ibat IhroTJghout D«arlr 
th^ whole of thit Vap^*^ group, tho maW, in accoirduic« vith 
the goacnd rule, arc miller than thr fomfttM, ftnd rmer]^ 

J*'Tr«vMl Kat. Rod.' M mMl 

Vl|. V. f\ ("-H. 

u-JvTtjraitl fit Prr- rCnt Mfv* r^^v 
41^. IMT. r >>«■ 

X fior ihb nil o«hAf autDinMt* 






About a wiyk b^forr tbcm; but amongst thf Bcc», tb« mate^ 
fif JfWt melHfiva, Anfhufttm manvaliim. and .1 n f AopAurri 
ar*r(«*rfjra. and uinop^^l the Kntjioroii, tho mnl» cf Uic 

esplnfiHtior '»f lhi5 annmnly h ihar h mmrin^i' flight H al>- 
aolatdj ii/!ci.-ujiry with lh«e «pcc]H, nnd IJ:t umk' TtH|uin» 
jHtttt «tmi^h and nic in onict li> carry the female through 
th^ sir IncToaeed eize has here been acqninid in opp<wi» 
troTi to lb(.' UAuaL rc>latioii between rsic and ttic pcnod of 
drirln|imrnr, fnr ll:c ntftlcfs tHougli Ur^r, cnivTg* beforo 
the HmallT feinnlet 

We wdl Qt>« review the fterertv! Orders, nelectinii; such 
frtf'tft u» mrirr rinrli< ubirfy conrrrrt ut. The Ijcpidrtptpr* 
(Butlerflice and Mothe) will be r«tamed for & sep«rato 

Order, Th^sanure. — The metuben of lhi& lowly orjJtaD- 
ifted ordiT an niit^lrjct* dull-ralm^red, mini;tc^ iiiMrcIf, with 
ugly^ nhtiAct Diiiuhiip^i] hfwlg and bodin;, Thrtr xetes do 
not dilTor, bul they are interffitinj; &» shewing us that tbc 
miileii pay »iil(di>ut* tonrt. tit fiiti fiimili-K pven Imv tht^a in 
Ihe Hnimnf ucrtlc. Sir J, Ijubb^rk " wirK: " It i* vrry iunu*- 
uq: Io M^e ttiefce Lille creaturi^ iSmyrilhttrvx luit-us) co^^ael- 
lili^ to^'lher. Thi* Tnjite, wliieh U inueh «rriidler thnn the 
fenk(i3r, mm: rmjrd hor, nnd Ihr^y butt onv* AfuWhrr, ftjirclmg 
facL' to fuie and imiiutj^ backward and fuivard like ivrct 
pbivfiil Tjinilw. Tlim the ffumlc^ |in*h»nil» to ran away nod 
the tnrtle runi* nfler her with a oncer nppenwinfe of angcr^ 
j^et* in front and wUtudn fncinj; Ixer a^^aiu; then *lie lums 
coyly round, but he, qokkcr am! mrrre aetirt-. *(]'Vitllei roimd 
loo. and wcms it* whip her with hi* nrti^miir; then for n 
bit tTipy Hiand faee to fare, play willi thetr antennft*, and 
Atiifm (e be all m all to ont? anotbcv,'' 


Order, Diplt-ra (File*). — Tlip »exe« difft»r liUte Jn colour. 
The ^jTvati^nt difFer^neo, kmiwn tfi Mr, V. Walker, in in Ibo 
ffpnuF Ilibio. in wbicb the male*, ere Macki^h r>r <i«)tc bUck, 
and Ihe fvinalefi ol>iciin? hrriwni*h-orarpp, Thr g«»niu Kla- 
pliivmyta, distfwcred by Mr. Walloce" m Nc* Gtimua, il 
liiKhly rriTinrkjiblr, tk% Vhr iiiAlre arc fnriiiiihinl wJtIi honu, 
of tt-hkb ihe f«mal«« ar^ qniie d««titute Th^* horns «pring 
from fienealh Ih* eyeft> and eurioualy rewcmhle tliot< of 
« xtajT, brin^ either bmnelird or iMlmnted^ In cnc of the 

^ ' Trflfn«cL tiouMk fiat.* v^h urt ■> ' Tf-o lli^ij Afvhli«li«o,* *«1h U- 


j^lhcj equal thtt whole \to*iy in l<-ii^th» Tiny mi^lit 
il to Lie aJuptnl fin fij;Lttn^. \nxi ha in <jhc ^wtita 
Lhey at4^ uf ■ li-uuliful pink iHil^jtir. wl^fnl with Wack, witli 
fl }^c GcntmJ flripc. and u tkcn; ittiwcU have uLto^thcT 
B vor> cfcguit apprarauce^ It ifr pefliape iiioru pri>bubLe llitit 
ihcy £(<rvi- aa ornutiitiiu. Tfiat llif mali*i ^f tome DijiUTa 
fi^ht loicclhvr in certain; Prof. Wai(wooit ■' hn^ itcTorAl tmtci^ 
Hrr this ifcith (hv Tt|(iila* Tin? lu^lra 'if lAhft Dijilti-a 
appan-nttj' try i<i wm the fvniatei by iJuir rnu^k: \i^ 
Sliillcr'" valchcil fcir M>tne time tvio m;il<4 of an i'lristalU 
rtmrtii^t' a frNi«W; thr^p liuivr^^il utmvir tier, ami lli^w fit^itL 
ei4e to aide, uiakm;; a Li^b huntuiini^ bolrt ul thj.* Mimi* Inuv- 
QimtA *uitl inoKtii[toc» (fulicidv!) alHJ tfctm in atlrac^t o«i'h 
ntli«r by hiiiiiining; uiu) I'rof. Mnvir hjiR n^cnilv H'l^'pr- 
tajDed th&l the liAirv on tie anteiirm- of Ihv umU! \ibmti> 
ju uiitENMi with ibc iiuti4 uf u 1uttiuj{-fork, within thi' nuisu 
i^f tb^ anundH ornitlM by th» f^mal^. Thr lan^>r hair^ 
vibrate »yni|>dIbL'tLcally uitli the ^avL-r uoIoj, tutd Ut^ 
tihoHiT hajr» Willi ilit- bij^hrr onrv, Tittinhn^ uImi anrvrtn 
that hiT tj.iE rvpe«|r<31y (Irnwn ilo^'ii a vrhok xwami of gnuts 
uttorJii;; A |jartL>-i.t]dr uoiv. It may bo aidtitl iliK 
iHul fai'ulliw «r l.h*" J>if>U'r» art? prulwlily iiiKlj^r lliau 
ill nj<fft oth«r in^vte, in occorJanpo with tli«ir hi^hly'ilv- 
velopcd ncrvoua aj-item.'* 

OnUr, JJfmipttra ( Field -Bi]gii).—&Lr. >'. W. DoujcIam, 
who haa pariitularly aUcaJed 1o tJi^ Bnliflb tpeeioe. lias 
kindly givt-n uie an i^vjuut oif their »«xm1 diffei-ciiL'^-K. The 
mole* of ltn^^<^ i^ftf^ioi ari; funiiah«d with win^n, irhilM the 
fetualtrt aiv ^'m^Kfu. thi* vrit^ dilTor id Ibe f^iriu vt Uioir 
lodini, «Wiru. aiiL^iiiiu^ and lai^i; but aa the signidcation 
of thcjpc cUfTcrencrn arc unknown, thrj luay be hcrt^ pOoAL^d 
over. Tlie feifialiM are ^er»t?rally larger and ruoiv ri>bu*^l. 
than thu malu. With bntUh, HTid, on far aa Mr Daii^lad 
knowfi, with ciotic s^ccic^, the «w* do net conim<>n1y diilcr 
much in coTour; but in abont «i)[ Briimb «neri<« tbo mnV 
condidorably (torh^r than Iho fi-mjilt*. and in about four 
i*T *pccic* the female is darker than the niclc- fioth 
BBXBfl of iioin^ species ar^ beautifully roloored i and aa thecv 
ineecta emit an cxtiL-inclj nauM-cuD odour, thvrir eotiaiiicU' 

i» ' iCcdfVii CliR«lfla«ifon of I tu tmK "ortt. ■ On ili» AnibMDy «f tht Blo-r- 
» ABuwnauiif A*.," Vtrh- d- ti- V. rvmi-'V^^t^ JUf «ti«[, "ih^™i>[ur»ilBiM 

JtliriT ^ (111 if i*. Mtrtt.ilt- \llitti- ULU^I ii|vlifiif plbDli'T !iiAt. feU-l On,\ 
Ota NalunlwU' 1K&. ». «<l UiJb »<i&J wjua «dM« Am td ^ihe-- 

- riiMi n T rmiirililMWlhia |«r- 





col'>un may i^rve u i fll^ml lli^t tliov «t« nupfllal^iltf 
to in^octivorou* aoinm!?. In i->tTLc frw ca«c-A Uicir roloan 

4p|ietir lo lip (]ir*rdlj TJn»t<>4'ti*r: (tm* Piiif, IIijITmiaiiii in- 
Torm)! riiL' tliut lio c^ijutd hardly dUtiBj^uLdh a aTiialJ pink &di1 
^nrn :^p<<ric« frotii Ihr btittn on the tnuilu ot limt;-lrew, 

Sumi* 9pitii'd uf h^iJuvida^ niaki^ a Undulating noise; 
and, in iht oaw of Piratci stndutua, ihxti id oaid ^ to be 
plT«cted by the wor^meni of Ihr nwk witliin the pro- 
Ihorat-ic i-airily, At'C(>r(line to W«triag, Htduviu/t ysnona* 
iufi aJiuj pdriiluUli'si. But I linvv im rra?iim la Auppuae lliiit 
(hi« Lt^ a b>tua1 ^haractf^r^ fxcoptin^ thai with hoil-xocIoI 
iDBrfrr* thvit ievHit- to W iio u» for scuad-pTOducing organs, 
luili^n it l)p Eiji a H<Kiml i«U. 


OrOtr. //or/fi»/;^fra.— Every ono nho haa waodered in t 
tropit-al liirwl iMUTil hHvo brt-n julonijlifHl iit tho din nude 
by the male C'liv^djc The- frmikltTS arv muto; of Ihr Uri<c;nti 
poet Xi'Dorchus t&yt, *' Hapuv tlii.' Cicadas lir^. hiicc ihty 
aU hyve iok<el<.'iH H'iv^*' Tin- tioidc^ ihui Uitfdv L-rM^y bt> 
plainly hoanJ cin hoard the ** itrajck," when aiichomi at t 
miartcf of a mile froici tie shore of BraAil; aud Captain 
Hanijock ^^s it eon bv lieani at iho disfanre of a in)lt*. Th« 
Gr<x-l(9 IiiniRrly kt|i1« and Ihv ('hinnc now ki^rp Iht^u- in^ 
fffU ill l7L}f<■^ fitr llir h^ikt^ of IlieJr Hiii;:, ki tlmt it mii^l 1^ 
plwisinjj 10 thi? ear* of Home men-*' The Ck^adiil* usaaJly 
»m^ dunii;; the day, uhJ-^l th<- Kuljforichir appi^nr to be 
nij^lil-»oitpi|i'r*, 1'hi' mmitd, iirmrdir^ lo LindniH^*' \a pro- 
duced hy the vJl>riilioii of Ihe li|js oi ihe fipirccTt^ which 
are sec into motion hy a curr«»t nf air emitted from the 
Irmdit^if; but thin virw hu*^ tntfly litH'ti iKhpiiffd, I>r-. Powell 
ap|xarv to Uaxr proved '" tliflt it ift produced by thj? ribra- 
tlon of a niembishe, t^t into acticju by a pprcial iimKtr, 
fti fhe liviu^T iii-'-rt't, wbiUt «tndu1ating, thifl m*^rnbriine can 
bo tnen to vibrftlr; end in the dead insee! the pPdfwr ^oLtod 
is bj-'ard. if llri' Mi(i>ele. when n Ijtllr* drinl und hiiMlrnt<d, 
\h jmlled witIj Ihe poim of n jnn. Id Iho f^mnle the whole 
eornplrv muflii^ftl apparatus w prvermt. hut ii much U»« 
deyelr<}^ted than in the mate, and in never unfd for ^rodu- 
dng Gound. 

■ WtM«^ud, ' Ui^*ni CitiHL of In- 

Wtv-tViHrir* ' UibIi^H r'ljkH;ni*4Ttnn nf 

»■ ' Tr»ii-j»^L Nil" £<4Lalid UullUt«; 

CHir. X, 



Willi rvip^ to <W Aljj(4*t of (lir rnnftk^ l>r. ITHrtmnn, 

says,-'* ■' tlir ilrumi are now (Jum? *Ii!i «iul Tllu IW'»1) hoirj 
in aU dirvirtiuiin. Thiu I Mk-^^' to Iv tIu* niantui Kfiitiumuft 
ir\nii tUt^ Mta]<«. ??1an<liD^ in ihii^k Hni^tniit ii^roiitA abiiut 
n.i lii^^U a^ niy liiiiiJ, whirrt- }t iiiiiUi'ds wciv dniniid mli'. 1 lj1> 
^rrvaiJ Ujtf fcmuU'K coniinj; nrouuU thi- liiuiuiiiiii^ mjilon."* 
He fliid*. '*thi* }>ra}M>n fAu^, 18fi*<) a dwarf ^icoi-trcc in 
my K^if^*^^* |ir'>(Jutwi alxjiul fifly l4i-va- of Cir. jirui'rwsa; 
nti<l I N^vcrnl Lime* Tidtieed ih^t fein^ili-i t<i ali^lil uvor 
a tiialii while* hif vi^ uttono^ hiv cUnj£i»>£ notn." FriU 
Miltkr wnl«s Ifi m^ frnrn H. Bmxil that he hes aftpo 
lifUiird Ut tk inuskikl e^Jiitcvt LHw^'t^u two ur tltri-v iiukvt 
of a tfii.ri?» witli n |»rtinilnilv I<iu<l voice, noatcd ai n 
cuiiJskler«M»» *}i?tance Irrim cich othi^r: a* »(»i>ii an one 
lijui finuhc-i hi^ ttfuifj, aUf>tKcr immeilmlt'l^ lit^'Liu, aud 
Ibrr umitliiT, j\« Iherr is mi iiiiirli rivnlrv l>i*tW(^'j] Ihu 
luolef^ it h prol^hle (l:al lln' f^nial^ tioi only Pml tlwm 
Ijj Uitir wmndtf, hut thai, like fvmal* LinK ihty are 
rictt^l or alUinifl hj Un* miih< wilh (hi- riUHl artrMi.-livt^ 

I lia*e not ht-ard of acy wellMaarkt^ cum* of orna- 
riiriit.'il iH(Fi*n'm''"ii ln-twwij Ihe inisrw of thi? HomopJera. 
llr Doutflx^ informs dio ihnt thf^* aiv Ihivci Bnli^h ajw- 
di^, iu irhkh till- iiTalr m blaik i^r murkeil wilh U^ck Ltaudl. 
vbiljit xho fpinnlrc nrcr iinhMroloureil or ob^'im*. 

(»n!rr. {'irtho/itrrti (OirXcl* And (Ji-asalifjj^pefsV — Tho 
mnl(*f in lli>> llir<>c (iilt.-ilonu] fnmiliiv m Ihit Unter are rC' 
luaikflble for iJieir m^tiital p«»<i*, Domcly IW AchoLidtt 
fir m<-kK!<, the VjiminlitU' fur vhiHi lliere in no eijLivalenl 
Kofillih name, and th? AcridiidEr or ^aubop|>er«^ The 
^fridtilaljc^D r>rLidtL(:«d hy »j>ino of th«- Ijocuvtida' ij^ ao tond 
thill it rin U< Ticnrd duririp the iiijfht al Ihf^ dtettaniv of n 
niilf^;'^ And Ihnt iT>n<]r bv c^^rlaiu npone^ Lf not unmudicul 
evtii to (ht Ijiurijtri ear. ^o that th^ fodian^ on tht- AliiU/>m 
»fi Them in wn^t-.T L-tiffm. A!l ijbii-Tver* nj^reo thai the 
indrt jmr cif hf*r xti rail rir c:tritr' the- miil* frmali**. With 
rifiiii 1 to Itif niffrariirv k'< »*!>■ L»f Ituv^iu. K'>rtii hjw gi^en " 
uii miert^titiR tTUO of ft*k*cli^u liy the female of a nial«. 

*■ |..iiiili-linir.-'|']>B<ttL Lkaalfivt.* ««Ht. 

K^bfwni *lT#b*iilH Iltii»'lirwkwi in 
«0drwliA4.*|1ll1,tkah fori Ihi^u Jn 
vtin vckkaiaccml L imj^um HofU^ 




P*»r IL 

Tlur iJial^i^ of thiM p<[»eoJee (Ptickpttfhm piiifriitorittt) wliiUt 
eoii|jlLHl urih tlu* fuumlb tftniluliiU< from uti^lt or jctloiuy, 
if iii^priiachiYl by oIIkt inni™. The hnu*c-cnckct when aur- 
(iriMHi HT infill NM«4 iw vuitf* h) wwrii iT* fellowa,"' lu 
Nurtli Anii^niii !iiL- Knly-diJ {i'tat^pkyll'um cvnfupumt one 
fff tK4' |jxi]>ti(k-) ii JwicrihoiJ '''^ a* nii>iiniiTi|r o)i the u^ipor 
lij-aiuJi™ nf a 1 iv^-. .niii In Ihe evening' h<>ginning '' hU miU^ 
'jftl/llv, wbilij rittJ iwtu i»iuc from the u^ijifhtHiurui: tree*, 

mill llu* ^TOVi* r<^*^Hm.l ullli 
tho cflU of Kat^-did-ikff'did 
tilt? livc-lou|: ukKlit." Mr. 
Biitni, in MH*ftkmt£ i>f tim Hii- 
ivip^an fi*m-cnckfl lone at 
the AchttiilA'l, flnyj< "tlic mole 

biiiijirlf iij Ihc fVinirig ai ihi> 
^DtrjLiiOL' ^>f [li^ Lurruw. nud 
»trii1tiljLU- until a f(<nmlt< up* 
{jrotiiJi4W« wWii Ilk' Joudor 
nnt-t-* are *ii<\x*e#loO by a more 
mlxliii^ii :i>n«\ whilst ibo *vie* 
<^'6tifiil lEiUHK^iun carc'R^tf with 
\u9 anlrnrir Ihr- irmtr he hu 
wcjii,"'' l>r, SeH*1dpr was aUe 
lo oicito Olio of llltw* illMHdJ 
to AiiBnvr him* liv ritUjine on 
u nil' with iMjinll/*^* It) t^rh 
«exe» a re[iiarkabli> auditory 
a]»|jai;iliJ^ hap hvtai tlincovertfJ h> Vou Hii^UiUl, »ituiili<(l in 
ihu front Jirat_" 

In ihc lliicc FmnitiQe the eounds arv dill«rerit)y pro^ 
tliicvii. Ill lilt" iiiiiln of tilt* AcliHitln- ln>tK niiig'CuvrrH luivp 
l\ko iflnic npr^flnitii^; nnij thi« in the llold-mckot iOfuUuB 
^atnpfstrii^ %. H) eoni^LitE. fif ile^etibed by LanOoifli of 
fmm 1-(1 to 158 ntiuqs tnuinvtrw? rh)}^» or ttfth (if) cm 
(h<' tindfT ^ide ►if one of th<? retriirfj' of the wm^ eonr. 
Thi^ toollitO nervun- 16 mptilly ^eratx^d acivisfi a pruj^'tiii^. 
AitKtolli, hard nvrrurv (r) on ihv u|^f»er surface of the o]>po- 

'}utiii| n^ri>. 


Art *Ii1j> ^if ;i4Tf 

of * Wtmr-UBfTUi'n, miinEi iJ>iiiCE4k- 

pd dtfur*. upper aHrfHiiA of wibtf- 
'owDf. If Kh tho |in>jei-Liiir, iiurfum 
Borrura^ r A^nu wlilcb lit* iMth 


" Stlben WhMflL'XjL iTIin. oT ««r 

» Jlkn4k.'ljiHa4«rprA.v Kn4ilui>l; 

•J 'Th* K«tarhltn ''H lti« AinAMont,' 
tvil u |A«», p liiV» Mr KtlM fiaa t 

Kba ibitt i^utiLtA Soft sW vri» 

Hill ^a. 

O'^nutrtu Mfcufl d'Antf- CMitpk* 

fFmiMli tnn«rii 1. com I, ISM. d MT, 

•■ - Z«ilvt>rLf^ iSf irt-iuiphan- Zo- 

Cur. X 



lih' wing. Find one win>: U ruWiH 0T*r ihi* cllmr, and 

then the niovpinpTJt i* rvvcn^rd, Ik-lh »iii^ arc rfti^tl i 

ItlUv at tlje &ftme imif. »o as to ircnta^w th^ reaonaikoe. ]ii 

Aomc^ rip<^i» ihi- #uif;-(x>verft uf tli«; mftk'^ 

aro fiiriLixhtn] iU tki* tiiiw uilli ;i IdJr-llke 

piftte." I hrrv ^'ivu ii (^mwiiij^ (fig. i?) 

of tlie ttftitli uTi the ttDdcT aidv' of thr ncrv^ 

urv nf Bfiullitfr >jwt.-in of GrvlhiK viz., 

^. domfsti<u$. ySiith rc»p«ct tu tlii^ (*iT- 

ruAtioti of |h««« teeth, ur. UniW hiu 

Ahevkii " lliu[ i\\ty hAi^ iH-di il»*iHiJ|>i<i] hy 

the aid Lif tk(lLH.*iLuu, fn>iii tK' minute 

■caln and hftir* with which Uie niugfl 

the ColeoptvriL But Or Urubi^r furlhcr &h<^iv» lltat tlidr 
dDVriojniK'nt ii in pari iliriH^ll^ ihw to llie nhrnuUis fmiii thr* 
rrtctii>n of cin*i wine ov<-r tht* Mht^r 

In iht l^JiniBlJiU' (hr uppi^eiu- ninf^coven difft-r fruiu 
*riiclj other in ttrutlurt (d^r. i:J>, niifl Ih?' aHhin tniiiiot.aH iu 
ihp laft fAinily, be rr^erw'^l. The left winj:, vhirh ortn nn 
ihe lniWp lii't u\rr the Ti^'lit iiiirig whicL ri^r^t« a^ the nddk. 
Unu of the norvurv* [a) on ihi* lUiJer turfur.'e of llie forriii>r 
i* finely ^crTUt'-i!, nriii i* »cta|hh1 npTHM Ihr protnjornt nrrv- 
urea Oil ih'» iipprr siirffl*v uf the njnio^ilt^ or li/hl \tiTig. 
Id our BriliJli i'huf'fitttira virirhttftima ll Apf>efircri to me 
that the f^errntr<l nerrurr it nifjbocl n^niM^t thr rntiTtdcd 
hind-eoni^r of thfi opjiohih* wiii^, tbr ^dgi' *if whieh 14 
ihickeDCd, ecluutod Itfouti. and V4<ry dharp. In llio ri^'ht 
wioic. but net in tW left, thcrr is « liltk- pktr. iw tman* 
pArent an talc, HUrroiiTulf^'d liy nrmiiv^. and eslf^rl lht> »fiiH'ii- 
liim. Jti Uphipjti^er ritittrri, a tiic^mliL^r at lliiu Mno futnilyi 
vnr Havr a riEriou^ Huboriltiiuh^ mKhficiiiion; fiir tho win^* 
coven aftf gn-Atly rediu^ in R\Zf, liitt '' tha poali'Hor pnrt tif 
the pro-thorax i* t'kialod inlo u kind cf doiiic ovi?r th* w ing- 
c'ovi-ni, Bikd vtbirh hv pniluvbly Iht- rffia-t of iDrrnuiiig Lhf? 

We tinia *».v IhtiJ the imLHiral ap|uimln^ i^ m*>re dilTer- 
vntiAti'd ar n\M'r]-.\VM^i in the IfHriihli'he (whirh iiirhidi', T 
bffli^ve, Ih*' moFt powrrf^l |icifomi^r« in the OrdnrJ, than 
in th« Achetidn^. in ^hich IkiUi niny-cnTert have the ft&iiie 

•> W»t4ucNt. ■ ||«tl«f a dim 1/ Iti- 'ZfliM^li. U>t «i-*nuLh. XuuW; IL 

hsfti; *oi t.f.4*a t<ii. ['ri p. lo'' 

"' iWftrdtf TanftppHnE il#f l/wu*. " ^^ta^Ai, ' HnJrrn t'liuifc of In- 








slru<*lure and tliv Nimc fundi^in,'" T^^uuloist, twirvit-r, ilv* 
t(<ct<*il in otip of U»' F.o<-iiiiti(fH>, namoly tn livcticiis a );1iort 
ami narrow ruw »f tmall to(<ih. ukk* ruJimvaU. uri Iho 
iufurior hurfHcr nt Uir ri^lii kviiij^H'tiTrr. whiHi amifili™ 
tliiT ottiLT uiLcl iii lU'VDt nEiH3 ns thn bow, I oEuorvnl tha tamo 
rudiiuoniary F<lruclur<' on thi- urti]f*r ^idt- cf llic ri^ht wine- 
ruvi*r ill /^AriK^ffiNru WnV/f.Kvirjiri. Uciirt- Vf iitay itifi't vitli 
conful^'iati* thuT thir i>h-ufit]<Ia> arr flwccnd**'! from a form, 
in hliidi, &f in {\k ext§l.Lu^ A(liei[;3£i?H Wli vkin^r-cotcis had 
(wrnitnl in-nnn'S on the under wurfuri-, aird rouW l)e imJif- 
fcrpnlly iiamI nv tliir bow; but Ihiit in thv LQc^uMtidiL- the 
Iwo Ntln<^-ci>v^re ^radoallj' Itocanie diiTorfntiaicd and per- 
f«<rl<'d. on Iho prindplo of tho division i>r labour, tho on^ to 
a(^1 rxrtiiMvHy nn tli<^ bow, ant\ tbo olhi>r nr the fidillr. Dr. 
<iiubi.-r tjiki> rbt-buiJiL' vit'A. ami bast^hu^n tliaT iiLiiiitirnlarr 
l(*^tb «n Gommooly fcuciJ <*a lii« inferior iurfaiw of xh* 



right win^. Bv wh*t Fl<-p* Iht' itt'iri* (Jiuplr jijn>ar:iTaf In 
tbo AclirlidironjtiQatod, wp Jo n^t know, but it in probuhtu 
that lliv iMNil |Hirtiijtiji vf lli« wiu£'0>Ten originally ovcr- 




Yia II 

lop|Mnl cnrJi <d}in ii> thtj il» sT |iri^i*nt- hiiI thnt the fric- 
lion of the n^i^urvt produced u ^mttii^ ej>uml, ns is now 
Uii? c«** with tlio iriin;-covcri» of ihr ftnjfllca,'* A ^r^tin^ 
■Dvnd thcift niiimoriiilU nmT amd^ninTIv Miarli^ bj Uu; mult^, 
if It eorred themi ovor >o littld 
Alt « Ut^ciill ti) thr? frmnlo^ 
nLi>rl]1 riMiliU Imvi^horn inlrn- 

hy vuriaiioiu iii lUe roujjli- 
n*-** of ihi- rn^nuri'M hnvmic 
been crtrtiminlly prwcfv^Mi. 

la Uac IttAtnik^ tlu^O F^m- 
Uy^ Tinmt'ly Iht- AiTttliuUi- or 
2W«lio]i|x<r4. tlip iitridulntmn 
IS prwJuixtl in n vtrydiff^reiit 
tiMimi*r niid a4<('r>rding Ci) Pr. 
Hcuilikr, \n tiol jiri nhrill ri^i in 

litii*-r rtirffloo <*f ih*' firimr 
(fijf. M, r) u TurniKliod witli 
A 1i>iij;;iliifliiifL] nrw of mintiti', 
clp^iki, larn.-pl'tliapt^rl, plni-lic teeth, from 85 td 93 in niuu- 
bw;'" am) ihtttt- nr* sLTttjiod acroH« tlio aharp, ptgjncting 
nrrrnn"*: on thr »in^-4X)VfF», which nri- thai* inttd*- lu vfbrati- 
mfed r(«E>iiRd, Kama *^ my^ that vheu odo of tlio iiiuk^ 
Ik^ii» to play, hi* Iit^iI " bL^rido t\\*- ^liaiik of thi- hincf-J^g 
lH-n^rfi X\w thi>>h, uht-ri> tI it UxJ^ri] in n fiinim' ih'^j^iH>il 
to rcovivo iU and !ln'i» i|r-Jiw« ihi? J*'^' hriptly up and dowiu 
!Jc i]<H* not |jhiy Uifli liiMli'i to^thirr. Iiut :ill'--nintrly. fimt 
iipun ntii* urid [h<^ii on thi' oilier" hi niiiny titpnicu, IJjp 
boAP 4if Uio ubduEui'n ii hol]i>»i^d out into a ^ivat mvity 
vhii4i i* kn;licvrd Ut jir^t an u r^ouiidirj^ bnaril- In Taou- 
ipora (Pig^ I''), n S, Afnciin ^»*niiH b*^)i^n|finjj£ to th*- Aiiiike 
fftmily. vfe ni4.'0t willi u iii-w uiid rciiiarlmtilo rrkodttlcatii>u; 
ID \hv fniilrfl n fiiiilTI iiolrhril ric!^L< prttj^da c^LHcfUf^ly from 
PAcli flidtf »f lhi> »t>rlf>)f)rifi. agaiTiPt it'hirh Iht* hind frmora 
uTL^ mfiLu].'' Ai i\iP iiaxh' U fiinii.Hti(!d ;vith win^ (the' 
ff-i[V4lr iH-fo^ n'jii^'hw^t. il ih ii'iiiiirkiiblr (IihI. IIh- llii|{hji miv 
not nihl-i'd m iln? ii^tial manner K^'ainnl th** wing-ravwrfl; 
liQt this may |tertmp» \ic aitcciuiiti^d for by Uit* uiiuBiially 

Itln^ U>|f or BTprHUilliRKur^- 
LuiiJLu T. UiiT mriiiuliiEiuir rJiitn: 

■ Hf W<1*b tT*> lnf<>rm* me tfiil " LoniJoifc.iWd,ii lis. 
tuml n^iikt* ■ fnbltf ffWiti^ ui'Iiv i'j * Wtalnruml. ' Modem ClaHlAofr- 






>ni4il1 fizc or the liinil'lc'f'it^ I have not b<<e4i Me to dxajiliih' 
the iitfirr i^urfm^r' tif O^t thij^L*, w^lnrfi, jiifl^iiig fn>in JLUAlo^^y, 
would Jn> finely t<irral»vi, Tlii* s]wci<'fi of Piii>umftrii hnw 
bt^cn mi>ri? pnytjuuUlj m<Hlilii-J fur tlie Mke uf HtriUuLation 

luwcr fl||un? fuuAlo 

rpp*« ffritf*. nulvr 

Ihnn tn^ otli^r orthoptorcitii iiucct; for in the mult* tho 
wliule tioily huj^ ton ronrertcd inlo a uuHcat titvtrurni^uU 
liein^ di-itf^niied with nir. like a greni pelTuoijl bljidilor, «o 
iw to incrrniir th<- rn^nnaiiot^ Mr, THmnn infornifl mp Ihal 
at tlic Cai'C uf (ioixl Hope ih&e ]ntevU maXe a wonderful 
iifiiic i]Lirin^> llie DJ]^fit- 

In (he Thive forri^ng fATnilir^t. ihff femnir* art- ulmo^l 
a1wa>tt cWtifule iif an ellJcit'iit ninviicnl apjiar&tui, llul thvrw 
ar» a f«rw I'Vc^^plionc li> t)ti» rul». fnr fir, Gniber 1ia» #h^wn 
ihnt b<rth tr:(n« r>f Kfy^ipp*$fT riiium arc thu5 provided; 
though Ui«' orgsn« differ in the miilp and fptnalo ia n ^N-r* 



tain extent. FIcncc we cannt^t fitippofc Ibiit thty havir hten 
trunkft^m-tl fmm the mulv tu Iht fiunale. ha n|)|ii';Lr> Ut liA«e 

^ihtfT ■nitual^, Tliey mu»4 bavc Wen iadvpendmlly de* 
vt^lope^l in the lu'o 60104'. whioh no 4ouM miilufitly call to 
fndi other (luring tlu- uiiAon of lf»TC. in mgmi f:>|]KT Lo' 
eirbli<Ije fbut ii*A mooifjlhf to J^itdoi» In Dectirii») \\tc fc- 
mul«v hfli* nidini«Dli of The itridu)al*>ry or^'nrw proper to 
thr iiijtlc; from lA^lioin it jj* pprbjibk' thnt thi-ft havo bvcii 
l.raii«i«'rral- T^trndoir* aJki fnutid i^urli rMcitTmitl> nn Ute 
uiuler Htirfaio uf the nii>c-coyor« of iho romsio Achetjds. 
and Qn the femora of thr iGinalc AcndiKla-^ In Ihe Jlosio[»' 
tf<ni^ «}w. lhf< fi>mji1f« hhVi^ thr jimfH^r muKirnl Hpfmnituji 
in a fuiiotiordi^tB eitalo; ftui wo ihali hureaft^r irii^ in 
olhi?r diviriiofio of tiic imimAl kin^Jum with nmiiy infltancjen 
of ^tnictiirt-t p^>p^r in ihr miiW tiring prfwmi in « r«di- 
mi-ii1ary omidilion iii ihc FeiiLaio- 

l^mUib hn^ oUorvn] iiuuLlicr lHlp^>^t4nt fjuH, nnmrly* 
rhat in (lif frmAlcv iif the AcrichiiLr, thp EtridtiUtrng ti^tb 
on tht' ftiiiurd louiaiD tlirou^hc-ut life in Ihe mniv condi' 
i\nix ill uhji'h 1(1(7 \\r*\ *\t\ifAt during ihr UrvaJ Hntr iit ImiIK 
wxvf. In iho m^lfF, on Iho ollior hand, tht^y bocomo fxir- 
tkt^r devL')o|Hv3, jitLiI AC-[]bin^ their |x-Tfrct ntrtKiure nt the 
InfA moLilr. xrhnn llio insoet U mntuiv and ivnily to hrpoil. 

From Iho fnt-ti* now pvcn, wc wv Ihut the mpunfl by 
wliirh Ihr rinIom of tli^ OrtViplfni itToiStnv Ihrir MkiimU nrr 
^Xlrein^lV divPMiflfd, and aro jil1oi:i-[h<T ilitTirenl from IhoB** 
employod tir Ihi- lloinoptrm-" Hut thr>n>:hi>ut Ihr animal 
kin^hiin wi- nflrn tlnd Iho t^tmf chjprf gnimd by iho rncif^l 
div?niji«d moans; thir^ ^tyMriH duo to the wh(>l«' orf^iet- 
iioo luTiap nndcr^^'oDr muhifiiriouji chartftr* in the courw 
nf ngi^ ind Hii part nftpr ]Htr\ fnnoc) dt^«*rpnr vniialinnR 
wero tak*?n adrania^e of for live ^m<? irencral purposo. The 
dirersily of rnowitt for prndunnK Hiun^l in the Itirrr fmni* 
Iii4 of Iho Orthopir-rn And in the Homoptflro, inipn«<4fl lhf» 
minJ with the hi;;h im{»r>rtaDce of these HniclureA to Ihe 
iiia]''t. fur ihr »iko itf ojiltin^' ur nlhiriot^ llro frinitlrA. W«t 
rii'Pi* fwl r>f tiirpricopl Ihonmoiint nf midilcnlirin irhioh th* 
OHh^iplera hn>o nTidci^one in Ihw* ro.i;iecl. ii wo now know, 
from Dr Souddor'^t roumrkablo di»f.'ovory^" tlial tliorr 

V l^nJAia l<>' ' f ''■ '.'ail rn<«r- 

lit). ^^*^ ' 







tnoTH than arnplo time. Ttiij: na1unlij;t Iku Utotr 
id a fo8»il tnifccl in ihf Dnx)n]ah r^ruiAlton of New 
EruruwK'k. ulilrfi in fnrnii^lirr] vilh ^' ih^r wi^ll'kiioun lym* 
pnniiin or ntndulu1i»x apfiumtur of thu tuat'^ [jocar.iidtP.'^ 
The inwfl, thoiii:^ in "i"*''! n*s|iti:li^ n^laKcl io llic Nturi^p' 
r*r«. R|>ppBTt. <« JH sfj *\ftt*n Th^*-jiu* wiih vpry ancii>Dl f<>nri», 
to (^firnt'cl the two relfllud OrOcre cf the Ncuroplcra and 

I hftvp but liltlff nn>r* U> wj on the Orthoprera. Soido 
of Iht Hpecitfl an> ii>ry pii^&ciou^: wln^n two amk ficld- 
t^ripknU (drpUttA fnmyitnfnji) nn? txinfinrr] fojcHhcr, (hey 
Hglit fill <iiifl killa the othpr; and tho t|»<Aoiiv of MnrJU art* 
JtfHcnln'd ** aittnteinriii).* with ihdr Bw-ord^likt- fn>ri!-liiiilie, 
like hii'wii'ii Willi their aabn^i. TIh' ('Mrn^n- h*t*\> tlH-^' io* 
*ppts in iittlfl httmhoo oflgpt, an;! match ihk>m Ijfcr >;iimfl- 
c^L'k*.'' Willi rc4|iei-t to culonr, wini* tsf>tit li.»t[i.M* nre 
liniu1iriil!ik^ iirLiJiiiienleil: iht pcitlerior wilt^ liein^ ]tiiirkt*d 
vtith red, (due, ami hlm-k; but lu Ihrntiichout the OMi^r 
the fcxcn rarely diiTtr much in coJcur. it if not probable 
tbAl lhe%' riwe f!jt-ir bright li»t» fi> Beiiul iM-Wtiuu. Con* 
^TMtTUoni: colfiurr mny ho of luic to ttton? insoft*, l>y ITitjck 
notice that they are impaUtabli;, Tlmt it ha» hm\ oh- 
*orvi*d ■• (hat a brlj^ht-cdoured IniiiBn loti^sl was invari- 
ably r*jt*1i^1 whi-n ofTeml to tunin and Insardjt, Somo 
(.'«*»**< Iiowpvvr, ftR' known of M'mni ditTn'riKT* fii n^lHiir 
in thi* Onif-r. The mat? of an Amprii'mi crif'k^ " is ^e- 
•crihrd AS hnuf rts white nn irory* whilst fhi.' fciniLlc Miit'-a 
frmn iilmnul nhrlr Jii nn'(nii*h-yi'il"W or itiinky, %U. W^Uh 
ilifornifl m* thai the adult mole of Sptflmm ffmrjral*tm 
(onr of thr I'hjifmidM-t " !» of a tdiiniiii: l>rowni*Ji-yellov 
r^ttinr; th*> aHtilt f^nuilp tiPTHic "if a Hull. <i|Hiqu4', eiiii-ri<oti4 
brov»; the yoiin^ of hoth pen* hrifiir ^■tn*' I-nsfly, I 
may mi-nllon that thr inalL- i»f nne curirjuit Vind v( i-rkket " 
ia furniiihf'd with "* a long inrtEibrHTioiiH [Lpiu'iKlafi'. whirli 
fallt' oi^r the face like a toiIj'' but what irs iififf may hv, 
\t uiit known. 

OrfltT. -V*wr»^f*M.— IJHIc n<rd hcfv he naid. ejicept ai 
lu i-oNfur, III the Fphi ini-rida- IJit Hexw* ufleii differ sli^litly 
in their oUcvro tinti!;'* but il it not probahio that tb» 

<* V«^«fAl - Modem CIah. <f Id- 
■ttiTv/?rl i r. If?; fiit ^eicfA. f US. 

Til? 1*1* wM* of <jr. pAluriJii ist 

Pnr.- rli>' Kiriiv triAiiricr. 

*n - L .. t' *tl. 




malm om IhvK ronderi-d Qttracrtivo Id tbo fciikaTc«» *l'tie 
liiSflli^liiIjF, or draff>n-l!it'*, arr «nmtn*^nto/l with »[-lrnfIiH 
itrctu^ blur, vi^ll'm. uiifl \triiirliriir itii'tHlIrr linihi unfl thi- 
KXC8 often diffvr. Thun. iw JV'>r. UisCivtiud n.-uiurkB,"*' 
llitf iiirtlftnif ti>ni<^ <'f Ihf Apri<»ii:Hn\ "nrr k*f n rirh IjIuo with 
'k «'in^, wliiUl tli<r fpmali'« ttn» firn* );n-i'» viilh (ol<>tir- 
winE*.'" Bui 111 ,lj/rian /Jajn^uni tlit^uo ooI-L^nrt) ;irc ts- 
M'lly T>rvrrw»l in iht^ ti«<i iHrMv*'' In llit- c-ilinMvr S\ 
AuiCTJi^n ffetmt of llelEvrina, the niAlt^ a\rine hAvo ti hcttu- 
liriil cnrminc n\^>t ol Ihr l«m- at oach ^ini;. lu JndT juniuA 
\)n^ liniidi |i»rl nf thf nlxlnmvii lU llit^ motr u 4 viviil ulttii- 
TiiuniK' bluf, mid id the f«mak crnM^gnim. In th'> alLitvi 
Afcnuit (fntn|ilin5. on Ihc filluT Qiuid. aud io »Oeu« otbcr 
gpnprii, th*» sp\r« liifTor hut liltlr in i'<jlmir. lii rhts^lj- 
alEiwf i<ffttti thr<<ii;;h<iut tlif' animol kinplnm, nmilar rau^ 
iif llir wiia diirtTint; j.'rt»lly, «r ti-ry lulle, or not al ailJ, 
»rr of frnin<«nr cHxtirrrnfi*. Allhoi»jj;h then' W wi »iiT<' u 
diirprt'iitv in «»U'iir bftwecn ih** 'ecsc* of many lal>clUiIidn?, 
it JA ohi'H dilTituH lo say whidt U t!i« morr bnllianl. and 
thfi ordinary colAralton of 1h? Iwo text* it rv^-rr^vif ■& w 
have juH Accfi, in one spcr-ice of A^nn. h w not pri^hnblc 
tlml tlirir ooIouch in Any i'ul' Ihvi* buii ji^aiiml V a prol^c- 
lim^. BIr. MiicIfttL^bUn. wliu han doidy ni1«-iidod to tMl 
fnmily, ^rilw t€ wc that drjici^n-flif>- Ihr tynintft T>f th* 
Instvl'Utrrld — are ihp I^ daT'lc uf any innPiH lo W at- 
toe kc<1 by lunU *«r rlhor <!nnniN*, iind hv U-Utvi^it llut lh*ir 
brithl ("iloui;* (urni.^ if a wM^al HUrmiiwn. iVit.iin diu^n- 
nicn ijtiffin'nfU' arr flllrat.*)^^ by {lartii^iiUr cv^lnikr^t Ur. 
ratLrrEim cbMn«l *■ Ihal tho A^nonidn-. of wbn-li tJw nia!e* 
oitr Wiiv, ?rttM in niimlct? on Xhv Muc Unel ftf a lliihing 
Ifne: vhil«l tvo oUicr «|>ecif<i w«k attnoted bj ahioii^ 
while u<»lnnr», 

(t jji an inli*n<Mnn/ fad, flr%1 nnttn^tT hy ftrlirht^r, tltat^ 
in t^ATlTil ppn<?ra Itf'lAnpiic tc tw.> ftiil--fr»miln?=< fli** raaloA 

arlly iitr llir frmiilf*; hut ihM Uirit l>of!ii*K in u tfioH Mmn 
anmnio a oonnputiouA mitky-btiio tint, ovrm^ tr* fh" p^jda- 
lirin i>f 4 kind of ml, ^Lihlc in clhrr ami alcf>liriL Mr- 
Ktiipljit.^}ilLiii Iv^Trr'Vi^K t^kflt in thr muTc at TAheltuta tUpfma 
this chAn^ of ci>1»ur doea not oecMir unlij nearly il fortni^^ht 


toptp« c/ 1 ''n*. KflL Sne. 

"■'Msil.f .1 - .1. a r Iff 

dabMd u iKh ulrimli>t for Hn fat^ 

Inirinr fvU on tf 4l«it*fl. A hm. Ami 





P*»T IL 


till; mcUmorphoftia. when the acx«« are r^> lo 

Certain fjiwit^ of NcuroUicmi* pn>«cnt, accnrElinft to 
Broucr,^' a curious tote of dJiuorphifrin^ fiotoe of tliv fenmUa 
havJTig rjHinjiry winga. whilst ofliirra tflve Ih«ji] "' vory 
fmhly nt'ttcil. uj- in thL' mwUw of the «imo ipficivii.'* Kraticr 
*' CJipUin* the p^ti.^Lonlcn>>ll cm Dart^JnJaii pnnL-i]>kft I'j tho 
«iippfi«iiii>n tliAt th<* t'lrip^r? ni^1lin>! i>f the v^itia ik h ii^oiu\Ary 
^xuol cttftraclvr m Ihe iiLjxUti, which hAf( b(?cii ahrupUv tmiin- 
fcrrwl iu »omo of i\w h^maWf^^ inftU*il i^f. m g^'iiprallj occnr*, 
lo ftlt of them." Mr. MncI^adiUo informs me of another 
intflaucc of diittoriiUuut iu wYi^rul 0p?c:iu« of Aj^rion, in 
vliiHi Muur individnjiU iirr nf ilii oran^r rolniir, ani) lh(«o 
are invariably' f^malot. Thi^ is pr'>bably a oa^o of revereioa; 
for iu tlic true Libdiulcr, ythnu ihc vcx^a iIlITit in colour, 

lo be c}e«^cikdi>>i from mmc ftrijiiordial furiii v^ludf rc^m- 
bW the f.vpicnl Tjln^Uulu! Ill iu h^suaI t'bi^tattrnt. it auulil 
nai he Mirpri^ing tliut n UnnUney to vtiry in Ihi^ inAnnp!r 
^buuld occur ui tliti ftntaleg uluno, 

AlibnuKli lUMiy i\mytya-i\U'% unt larift-, |K>Ai'ifijl, ami 
firreo inK^tn, lh<? mnlt* havv-j rot bocD oh»ori'od by Mr» 
MatLacblan lo firfil logiUicr, uxcepling, m be belitvoa, 
in womv ijf ll^it' HnmUi-r ipivifn of AKriofi. In aiititbcr Kt""P 
in Ibia Ofdrr, namHy, thp Ttffmitro or whim anlf, both 
•Mca at Ibc tiine of awurmin^ may K- Kvn juimini; aixmt, 
" llu? iTirtli- «f(i-r Ihi- fi^nutTi.-. •ometimcn tu'n chaxiTi^ oiio 
friiiftlr, nti'l contotniin^ %ntU icrrat **nii;crnr'i3 who *haU 
rtiii tlio jjiiic."^' The i^^rwpfl* /PuWi/Tir^A Ja sal'l to 
mHku a n<»i*o wtlb iU jaw*, which ik ajMuuTMl hj other 

Onior, Fli/mfnfpter/i. — Thai iuimilable obaervcr, M. 
Fnbrr,'*^ in dcKrilion^ th^ bcbit^ of Ccrotris, a wiwp-lik^ 
Inwrt, H'tuaik^ Ihat " f pbu frwuifnlly i-nwie b(^U>iien tlifl 
malce for the poMUUon of mmc partif^ukr f^malo. vhv tita 
an appamitlT uDOontcrned bcholacf of Ihc »(,nj££lo fnr m' 
premary. htki nh^n thp victory IB rlwidrrl, i^iiiflly fllrv avajr 
m comi^^ny vitli thi^ ooniu^TDr-'' WoHwuod ^^ mlvk Ihat 
tho xumXiv of nnc of thu uw-fliiv (Tun t bred iaa-) " hnw bfm 

}<4«Mti*rnr !*«,!> IVi. Wntinff-.^r FAlirx'in 'KvL Ilia. Il#- 

" Kiih} tint fptavv, ■ lotz-hlurt. w ^1«w/ ,\yrA ^P^i.y. m 

Ent«nfltif*.' ^*il, ii. I'H, p, l\ "" J.iumiil cf iV*. rtf Eeioniolw, 

■ Itmm^ii,* T^mrviilU* Itfanuln,' Hnr/ HvpL ;Ut, l^U, p, U^ 

*^^ 7(1111. \. |\ IIH. 


ULi». X. 



found lifzhtiGj: lAfotbrTf unlh thHr inAitdib!««i 1o^k<>d/' As 
M. Kairc ^|ii.dkB *'i tLc tuuk? of CerLtrrib fetnuu^ l>j *)ljUiiu 
a ji^riitiLhir ft'imitr, i| niAv \»* v>i-\\ in bchT in ciitrid ihjit 
innccU hclnijgiuK to IhU tinier Imrc th*^ powtr c*( rrroirnu- 
in^ (^kIl uth-^r uflii loii^ inlenab v1 tiTiii-, uitiJ orr ilArply 
&llarhe<i. ¥'tr insranct-, Pienv Hulx-r. uhi>r&e aLTUfuty no 
fiut (toubttf. jsqimlcil Emtn^ ariU, 4Q<i wlirn^ aftrr iin inknnl 
of four nmiHii**, llu'v iiir-l nllur* nUk-h IiaiI ffJUiM-i'lj t.e- 
lon^cii to tfM> »a[rie c^ninuinity, ihey r«eo^i^il and oartni^d 
one an^tfirr vrftS Ihclr Anhiiuff. ilact thc^v U;cn »tr»ntct*ra 
thfj wmili] hflvr fitii^lii tngi^thiT Ajiniinj wbfii two vum* 
muniliee tn^tige in a balUo, tli« Anu on Ihc ramo aicIl- eoin«- 
timo «U4<')( cadi othrr in iJic ^i:ni--ra] ixinfu^aion, but Lhey 
nnrkn pr^rrrivn Ihpir mUtn);r, und thr onei aiil coolhi'A Ihi' 

ill Ibif Onli-T jlifjbl difftmiui^s in t'oloiir, acooHing tu 
M'H, [in? tvimmrin, luir r-cmnjiiirLioiiji ilifTrrrm-iii an- mri- i?i* 
cppt in thi? UTtii]]r- of lUcfl; vH J>olh ffX't of oprtain group* 
ure 9u lirilhAniU njluurcil^for iiiHtaJut in Chf.vfti», in which 
vrrniilion unJ mrtallicr grvrnt jirtn-ail — lh»1 "f nre tcmpU^d 
to fttlribntc tho n:fluU lo «iiial wkction. In Xhf Jchncu- 
uMiniibL'. 4L^i'ijr^U:if! lo Mr. WaMi." the males lit almoat 
univeruillv li^hUir-tuloDrciL tliiLn the fonml.s On |[m' oUier 
Jiand, in ihe TcrthrciJinick' Ihc inah-it art J^>nl:^aUv iturkcT 
tlian lilt' fenialee. In tla- Sirid^lif iUv Hwr* frrniicirtly 
dilTor: lliut fK' mali> uf tVtVj- /ur^flrnj is tiAn»)pil uilh 
orange, vhil^t the fcimilo is <lark imrplf; hul il jj rlrHuiill 
to sxty whioli ^x i»i Jh** mon' nnTainrul«i in T'rwrafj: athim' ir 
the fpinalu u mudi Lnt'^t^^i' i^uK^uiid than tlio nial«. I din 
infoniK-cl by Mr K- F^mjlh. iliAt IJie mntc anU of aeteral 
apocle^i arv* Mark, iho femnlPB hrin^ tivi arnxiH. 

In 11i(.> rnniilv «>f Boes. f^F-«'iftllv m lht> solitnry 9pocif«, 
«» I hrar frnm llip wntr i-nlonn>lo;;iPt. Ilw nsxra oftrn ilifTl^r 
in colour, Tho miili* nrr gf»nc-mllv Ihr hHghirr. iinfl in 
Britinburr 03 vo|l a» in Apiitltu?. much ni'^rr vitniiljl'- in ri^lr>iir 
ihitn the' riiimltw- In Anthsph'/'^i rr/iuu tliC' iiial^ i^ of a 
rifh fiilt'on^-brovrn, whiUi (W fcmn^i' i* *jUTlt' Ma^^kr so ar^ 
th^ frtiial^e of ^oii^ral -^'ei-i<^ of Xylocnpn, the mnlr^ being 
brigtit yellow. On ihv i>lli<'r fanml ETil' fi'iiialob of ^imc 
fipe^iiv, N« *>f Jjor/frrnit (uJerj, am rnudi brighter cytlourH 
than the males. Sm-h difforrMLW in rrtlour oar hardly he 
Mccounlivl for hy ihr wnUv VErg il'^ft*nuplf<»> «nr1 thiiH r^ 
quiring prot*Hiori, whiUl the rr>nkil<« are wi»tl defentloi] by 


■■ r. 1fa><r, ' KnvWrrhi* tut If* 
)Uarm .Ua T'^mmtlt^' 1«lU.pp. llA,tC& 

•• ■ Piw. EDfwiKiIne. ^^-. of Pb J» 


Pjiii a 

thdr vtin^ El. Milllrr/'* who ]ia% pnrticuUrljr attrnJcd 
to th^ habiu oi bwn, nttribuii'fi ih<*ttf- ililTt*n;>tn'*« iri wlniir 
m <.'bief pari lo ii-iual s^'li-ctioii. TLai Wru iiu^L- a ki\ui 
fKTH'iitiim nf ci'liiut ii- ct-rUiii- Mp mv* timt ihr iiLJif<^^ 
search wigMy aivl 6j(ht f'lr tho f^r4iAp*B:ifin of the fmiAlrs; 

f>r Ihi' miiU> tiriiijt in rt'rlajn sjii-'ru-ji Inrf-er Hiaci IhnM- nf 
tht* fpinnlw. In -orn** <'Jt»ii* iln- maliu aro fnr ini^n* numi*it>»iR 
Ujun the fcTiiult^, either ceily in the sea^Jin, ur at all liiii«s 
MDil jtTui.'[?K. itr, Iik-hII^: uiiciVfiH lUt' friimtt'-i in uUrtT rriHtv 
nrr Apparently in rxot^fs. In )!<»i[ir «fX7ciiV the more tri-aiili- 
ful male« ai>|>car in ha^« been selc<1t>d hy tijc fcmalo^t; ami 
In ot)if<r« la*f inoix* Ixpuutiful femal^ii by the malef. Ciyn* 
wvjuctitly in tTTtoin s^^ncrn (Mtillcr, p, V'i), llic miili'rt <*f 
tlu- hi-VL-^al fcptrief dilTL-r uiuih In appraruru'i-, uhiUl [lie 
f^mal^A am atmcat larliJitinpii^hahle. id ■>lhor f>eiK*rii ilie 
rcvcrrN? opcuw. II- MuEI'^r [M'lirYr> fp. Hy) lh«t the mlonm 
izhimt liy iirtc M^x rliKiiigh m-iiutl ^><1<<( linn linn' ifii'Ji 1ioi-ri 
trauef error] lq h ^anabti^ do^'r^'O (■■ Itio otl^or bi>x. ju&l a« Ihv 
Jii -col Ice ling cippnrutn.i i>f tlio reJiialc- hn.i ciflrn Ih-pti 
iTHifrrrr'd in Ihi* mfl]p, lo whom U U iih*olntH_v n*i-lrvs.'* 
Mutith KufopfFa maket^ a ^IndiilalLn^ noU»>; and Aocord- 
inj: lo Gouivau " both ^rxwi Jiovc thi* power. He aHnhirtMfi 
tlif» Miiiml to (hr friclinn nf thr thinl un<l prvppiling hIk 
liominal B^^Li>nta« and I ^nd tlial th^^tie durfocet un.* inarkH 
with n-ry lim-? nuif^iitrie riilRc*: Iml *« i» the p^jrchiij; 
th"nn'ic' rrilhir into whiHi th** hrAi\ nriii^nlatPij nnd IhU 
(■ollar, \/h^n wrnloln?i.t wilh tho txiint <tf a ntt'i:1]<', cmilH Jhc 
I»roptr eriuriit- U. i» mllirr nurpnnitjj/ 1?ihI Ti'ilh Kt'si*- ^thonlil 
huvp ihu pcm'trr of strichj luting, sw fln> inabr is wingod And 

lii«ii -ir'itcllQ fl^itl* DHrviii * ' Hv^ua 
H.^i*irtiil»|Hii,' Ml. iwi,p 1^4^^, ■tit,. 
mji 4tipMT<nt1v hftvlnr frflc^^ro] mui^ti 
fill ilkv tutijHC ot^U iTi4i V ihn 
iittlfo 4)r Biviihl 1iH« arv knrrvn ta be 
|>f<B.1u<vl fW>ili Urifcft'ilindl HiY4« Itiirr 

thfir n»iiM r.ft'.jiTinff Thin i> nnfn- 

firtllu^l fi^ 4 innli, utiLrf; ['Trt^Otol 
■Kfitrt YlifeFvti>r fv^niuilni; Uii' •nWi 

?irv* whk-■^ «ciij1i| pi*>Juii« niiiy ft- 
am)iimi Wtdifirt yoiiu^ rmikJo* vAulil 

(UTeliJnriil Otrflinrf<^4*r«.i>r t^rrr(M4lr 
lEruiiirpii^tf- * To luk-- ■ 1-ur •villi 
fr^liiiHT} itriiimiU u FtL'*r)i f^fkTM mm 
|n*ililv; ir q fp-niult 'Y niiv niilr 
p^oivlnii-xl iir Mnl miTi irw^-i h\ a 
iii»lir "f 4 Munt hrpvrl, Bv^ (itthit^r 
Affil rv(|i*t? oltVftiiii' «rrr tq^fnl lb- 
iTfi'JLor- •il! it Iw |Ti>i>-nili^i llhjit ii<ti 
irotn4fhllilTrn v^mM r'lr likk»*r^t « 

Krth'lffitTi'r f TJio ib-|4li-*ifir'ni <i| 
ni-'f uhnriL'^U'i* 1'y iln •ii^riJf iriir^ii-T- 

I lmT# mrWr-iaml ti> nhfti* in Ti»f 

lYTir^ (pi' ■nST<^'^4«| t* Cli* r»wQr <'f 
iintMml «i'l«'tliMi. 

(IBM nr tiiui^' *«L. 41 p^ gi4. 

Ciup. X. 



the fct»k wingksA. It ia Qotorious that Bocf ciprc» vtr- 
liuTi <-iTwlii>[ii^ Hh ftf Ai]^*r, by the l»[it- of ihvfr hiimTiLing; 
mid »o(wr4iufi lo il. Uutk-r [p. 60), the innU* «f pomt epe- 
ckK make • pmilior »Aging aoiw vhil»( par^Qing ihc fc* 

OH^Tj Coboffrfa fB««tlM). — Many bwlloe ar« coli>ured 
eo &« to rc«eiDt>1e the zturfaccb whicK ihty hah\iMa]\y fre- 
qu^iii. unil chcry ituiv i>»r.'ji|ii.' tlir'ii-cikhTi l\v ihi'iT em'miiv, 
llthcr Kjwi^iof, f<ir itutniirr dinmon^i-hci^tlw, arc ornrtm-^it^'l 
with «plvn<lid ecfloLiTK whidi firt often urifln^od hi riti|iL^ 

ctax liardlr »«rve dimlLy ftt d (kroteclicin, cxc«-|r1 in the i^i^^ 
of certain llower-ftH'dtii^ epccJtw; Uit tlj»-y ]ji&/ K-rv*.' hb h 
wamlng or ineari> of r«i(ttfDUioD, on the univ priiit'ii'k' a^ 
the phci»phorc<cri>cc ot the frlow-vrann. An uith bri^tti^* 
the roloiir* of Ihi' i^ff «•*« Jire jfi'nrmlly aljk*', «<■ hav-- [jfi 
cti(k&oo thai they hari- he^n paiued throa^fh t^iijtiil 9f\vi.'- 
tioi]« hut Ibm b il It^i?! poMihlr, for Ihry Tiuy hiLvt- 1.r>rn 
rietfliippil in oiitf ws »nit lhf>ti tninfif(>ri^(l lo thp rthfr; 
and thi« view is even tn come dfj^rv^ probable ia those ^oupa 
which poNKva othi^r nTH-TMiirko) vromlnrj m-itml chnmc- 
tPTK, RHnd heeling whi^^h CAiinol of rotirte behold each 
othfr^'e iK'auty, iiuver, fc- ] hr*r from Mr. \Vftii'rhi>Li^\ jua., 
t-^^hihil hTi;:ht n>hi*jr», tiii^ii/]j Thi*y ntivu Unre puhtlirri 
mnts; Imt the explanation of th*ir obfcanty irsT ho thut 
fhc'j ^ruf-ntly iithithit cure* anJ otluT oWure ttatL'>Ti9. 

Siniw' f>iti^irfiTiH«, I'ufii'i-ijilh rtrlnin Priotiitln-. nffrr un 
^■xceptinn to ttrc' ruk' that the poaon of bMll^ do nr>t rhiT<-r 
iD ciilour MojI of Ihfiw irf<ctii urc- larce uod N|)JenJi[]1y 
(rolfiiin^l- Thi* iriHln in thp ^ni>» I'Vrmiw,'' u'hi<h 1 wiw 
in Mr. BateA^B colleotion. arc ^ncrally n>ddcT but rathf^r 
duller than i\n* U-tuhhs^ the \Mvr Mng: colowrttl of a mun^ 
ot Ifta uplrndicl ^oMrn-jrrfM-n, On \ht oth*^ bund, iti one 
nprricn the moic i^ irotdcn-fnY^D. the feraatc bcinj; ri<:^Jy 

r^itfi ii4k«4tiis«ti hv lir. It"^ »-* 

'T'iiM«L KuL S'^-' IWt, |i. «v I 
mill lix{^ (ho f*w f4li«r rvf In 
qbl'<h I hftvr hr4n1 nf « vrilfor*n« In 
I'riVmt Iwinnn tin ■''jw cf Tmtltvb 
K'lrhY v)>) ^p«iHW'''' IhitaIiiK U Kn- 
brtiiuVvv,' 1'^. Tit, (■- 4iM ^ mrftttnn * 

Mntfnt R, Trimpft <ad Wifcrrl-irti, 
jnn ^ 4iifhrm ntr .trim I AmrJliMfliii» 
til.. Jk [ViuMibi Mil T'Mitv^ lb« 
muln «/ Oifl IslWr HfiniF iiifi« ol" 
■rtirolv oil'ui^ tTifu ihr fhimlr In 

n7i0i rirjItTif** iHf HIaJ* ■« l>l»r^t 
«Pii| ttp ftnta\f- mitrtr^ v 1i u V*- 
tin^iNl. nf « (Lirk M'li? (iil»ui. n'llh 

*■■('»»« /i/a*. •* 1 hntr rmm Mr 

i>4TKl W, rv^rtt/t'if^ hAifnC I ftlfo^ 





P*>l U, 

Unii^ u-ilh red and parp1<^ In the jR;^it» Kfiunralda Ilif> 
puxni dilTi-r »u Kf**^*?' 'D cmil-jiir thjil lh\j ha*t> btvu nu^kotl 
MS (.liAtinil i<]H-i'i»~ in uiir H[ii-ni> bcrtii ntv at a U'uutlfiil 
ahiikmg grwn, bul iho mnlp hoA h ivil thcrfai. On t.lie whole, 
Afi f:u- fia 1 foulO jud(jt% Hiw friiiiLtcto of (Iww; PrJODidw, Itl 
whWh till' M'tr.i difft-r, iir<- roloured criiin- riciily lluin tht^ 
mal^H, and Ihi^ 'Vim not acc-oH wilh Ibc common rnlo in 
rc^garri to tojour. wtu-u acquireil tlirouf;li t«x9j|] »fl^ina 

A fnnsl rcmarkilili- iJisfirulioti bctwn-n ihr tfxn at 
mODj l>wtlcf is nrwcnTod l>\ iIk* pifat horn& wliich riw 
from the husi). tliorju, oiid clvpeiu of Oxt auke; and in 

Fl* It— niLlAiHmA atlna Ifiipxr (Uurv. fn&hr trtflumt^ : Invrf flcntiv fvmUv 

few luwi* from tlie andti turfncit uf the body. Tbcws 
horn^, *ii ih^ grwil family ol lb" 1-aiicrllft^ru^, r*'*t'inblr 
tb«« of vnrir>iw <|Ufldn;pod«, m.^li u* ^Up*, rbin->cerft9e*, 
^o.. and irv vnmd^rfiil both from thrir «lxr atid iMvcrvi&d 
idupM. InMoad of rJi'tcribinn OnfTii. 1 liavp giwr ft|{t)ri« 
of th<- maW and f^niaU'fl "f w>mr of thr more rvmarkable 
frtmw (Tiirs, 1 rt t-i 20.) Ilr*- feriMb-* tmiTiilly onhibii ii*di- 
minU of iUf hr^rrw in ibr fnrin "f *nifllt Icnnla or rid|:r»: 
hnt Mimr nrr Hr-ditul^ of <»Ycn tlif ■liKhl«( nj'lttucnt. On 
ihe f>thi»r band. |)ir hiinin iir»- rn-wrl.v fl» W'^H dnvi'!o|w*d in 
tbi^ fironlo bj- fh Ibr ninli* of ri-"wru* Umifrr . nnd (^rdy u 
little lc» vdt developed in th^r fmiaiifs of mTntr oth^f spe^ 



Vn*^^ JL 



cittt of thb i:ciiu]i and uf C(>i>nfi. I em iDfonnt^d by Mr, 
Ltatra tli&t lire Ixiriw tUi not iltlTur in any mnmicr »jrn!»[H»Rit- 

m ir^k«r»iafti» o^iA'ruM lUwiMi mald-i 

flO- 1^— Phu»w fHintK 

f^, »~Dl|«l|gn fvfc^ 

' ^ 

ing villi tlir nion iniPoriADt cliaraclcmLk Jifftri'iicr!^ br- 
Iwwci ih* itfnral tiibuivbk>nK of the fainlljrr tkus viiTiin 




Past a 

Hm fcome soction of th& jzpdua OtithopTiagiu> ihvt^ «ro ep9- 
ciort whkh Imvu- b BiiijEl"'' i\<*m. aiui ijlmn whitli have Iwo- 

lo alniufir nil ni;u>» tin- hcjni> nn' n-innrLilili- from Ihciv 
exottfiive \rari;UiLliTy; i^t thai a graiunU^d forii^f ran l>« 
formed, fnnu tbc xnuM highly iltvtUtptd iiidlea lo oUifr» 
wi dr^'TM'i^tr ItiJil thi-3' ciiri luir»'!v .III- ilUtiii^iUflMii ffinii 
tb4> fvmal«i(i- Ur^ Witnli *^* foiiTk^l Inst in I'hananj^ t^irnifn 
ttn? hornfl were thric* a^ !cii^ in tiotiic inHli?« (l* in oiheri- 
Mr. ItiiFi?)!^ «flr»r p^Btiiinirij^ nhaw 4 huiiflred muleic jf Ontha' 
pkitijui ranijtftr ((k^. UlOt thnuifhl that lir hiu1 at Uflt dm- 
covered a fpi^cicA m wliLch tLt li^rus did not varj; but 
furtlitr rtiK«rdi provinl tiiv coulrnrj. 

The cJitroordiDAry nix^ of th« horrii, And their nidrly 
dilTeiYiil tti-Uii'luit ki i-lLrA«ljf^]lit<3 Ioiiuk. LudicuLe that ihey 
havt' Ux'U ruriiie*) for Bunu* purpose; but iheir eiowiive 
\firmbitit> iti the inaU-n of thr mmr iip<^\f* Iciidii to tho ifk- 
rin-iHi' l}(jk[. ih'if' piir|uiM- rs:iit<>l W uf & d^Hiiitc njhiure. 
Tht liorna di> not ihuu iimrkx of fnotioD, as it lUi-^J for miy 
ordiiLur^' yvork. Sumo uuthor^ aiijiffOic" that u thr mule* 
Urtiirtoi' ttlxiot i»iuh imtnt ihMii ihp ftnTtHli-A, Ihi-y n^jiiint 
hoTUi 88 a d<>r«nc'e agmuat tb^ir <>ncrmii>«; but iJt the homa 
arc Liflf-n blurtf, thf^' do not mvhi well jidafitrfl for defence. 
Thi- iiuu^l iiliviium rtinji^fliirv it. thnt tlu-y Lin- mn^\ hy \htf 
iimlt'f for fi^^htm^ t(f^tJK<r; but iUv maW-a lm\i' iifvvr br?eQ 
ij|f>Lj'^i-ii tu tki^hl; imr rould Mr. Ibiti4, Jiftrr 11 mrrful oi* 
rtminatio:i of niiiiK'rc^us Hf^t i^, fjinJ any ^iLificif^n! ovid^nee. 
iu their inuliUkM or lirokcii condition, of Ihdr htiyinj^ ticen 
tliUJL lui^l- If Ihr Entire luiH hiN^ri hnMuiid %hti^rv, Ihn hiu- 
of their bodiM would i^robably have bci'n incrvagiij lhr(.tugh 
8e%ual f^Lflct'iion, ao an t*^ havr^ ci^^f^rd^ that of tlie fcmal««; 
Itut Mr. Ittittv, iiftrr iiinijiHrlng Ihr ivin •u^xm in iilmvp a 
liiindrcd fpi>c]«e cif Iho Copridie, d^d not find any rnarkod 
dJtTcreiitt ill this rwjwcl lunonK't wdl'derdojjej imlivid- 
uhIh- In T*»^lhru*, nifirpj*!'!^, n lM*pth* iHTlnnjtFmfC to tin* fnme 
i|H«t (iivivion of thn I^mclhcoms, the ma]o« are known Vt 
n^ht, bui urt' linf jjioiiik-d uith horns, ihuufi^h their nmndt- 
hten are iiiuch hiTjtrr thuri tUjwl> i^f ihr ftrirmli?. 

The coiKhiiaji^tn thiit ihi* h&m?* hnvf invn flCiimrcd oit 
omamrnti^ is thai vrhioh lii'bt ak^ivir^ t\ifli lliv fnct of tbrir 
havtDff bi^en u* imim'ii^y« yxi iioi fixedW* (leri-lop^-df — 
ar» Khrwn by ihf^ir rxtmnc variobilitT in the Mmi* Hpcx'^ii;*, 
und hy Ih^lr rxtrenie d;\er*jly in ilrwel/'alliiMl spMi^s. This 
view vill at lint fipjtear extremely improbable; hut we fihilt 

••' Pio^ KlitncuolU. ^tc of f*kil«- 

p. r 


thr <cali-« nJtniHv fl»h(9« Aiiijilulpmnfl, ivEaiW jiid Unls lUat 
tamni'i kiikdF^ of tTy»i», kiioLiv, honi* nm! eonibK have been 
(kTiJi>[H.iJ u|>t>aiviittv for Uiw sole purpfiw. 

TUv malr* of OnitU fMtvifer (fi^. *jfl). ami of wiriit^ oHicr 

on thoir iu:k-nor ffitioru. ami wilh n irrcaf f^rk or ptur irf 
honi# <»ii tlkf W^r fLurf«cr of Hmt lliurax. Jiijl^iti^^ from 
olhiT m8f<^A. ihe«e may »iJ lii* muJ*- in L-]irigtng Ui thf 

male, *bewoii tttnn ti^ 

tW«w4 Umv«1|j- Itlittit liAiiil rWnr*« fvni*li- a. 
bum or font 

fenMkt. AJihouifh the malw hare not CTCn a trace or n 
horn uji llii" upper .■•urfmT-- uf tlir 1k«1v, vi-t IIit? frnmlr* 
gilamly i^xliitiil ii rinliimrt of ji v,\ngh> horn r>ri thi^ lii^ju) 
(fli!. ^V^i^Kandof a ori>j4t {b) on tht> thorav, Tlmt tlit c^ti^'tit 
tluiracic trmt itL thr fL-iiiJik' Ih ji niiliTrii-rit uf a ji^rjerlicni 
pn>|H'r 1r ih<- niftlr, llimi^h <vLijrrly nbm-nt in iKr rnjilf nf 
tliitf partifuUr specie*, \i clenr: for ttic female of ihihas 
liitmu (a )^-iiu» whu^h (^»ini*H iti^it In OiutiH) Iika n HLiiiilur 
fitght cr««1 fkn ticv Uiorux, and tho tnnk hrari u groat pri^' 

|>clicpu ill llje Mii^e eir LTotiim, Ho, a^Jn, tliorc oan lt&rd]y 
■TSiloLiljt l!ml ihe lillle puiixt Id <]i] tlii- lii.-n<i iif llit feiual^^ 
r'uiliir fvrtiffFt at viHl ii» fni tilt \\ctLd of the fi»mn!m ol Iwo 
or liifte all)t<! tpccic*. i* a nidimefitnrv Tcyrc^entalive of 
t\ye cHpluilio horn, ivliiiOi is vitiwut'Mi Uj iht- iriults of t^u many 

TTie old Miff ihnt rudiinont^ hrvve been crcalcH to c<>in- 
|)1vt« Tfie vrTieftie of rmliiro r? Itere nj frir froni holding 
HOchI, Ihul Wit have a compleli' invt*p«ioii of thy urdinftry 
aUlif of fhiiJiifc ill tlio family. W*r may r(W«>iiiibly ounpcct 
t!iat tin* mrtJ<>* orf^irHlly bore hf»m^ anil iranRfprr^'d llipm 
til thr frmdlffji ir u rudimrntury ooiuliticin. On in ao many 
otJiLT Tjiiijellicoriw, Why the makft sijhwqncntly lfi*t tht-ir 
boniv. ui- know iiol; hijt thi^ may havo been cftnwd Throii)^h 
Ute pTiQCLpIc of cuttkpennilion, owiiifE lo tbo <lev«dO|ilii0Jlt 





thft Urjt<' homu Jimt iirojrTiinriK nri Iht- hiw^r flurf«^-; and 
00 liic«o orv' cf>iifinca to llio nmJe«. Itie niJinionlb of the 
upi>vr huriifi irii ihe f«uut]L<v nouH not buv« l>i?eu tlitih ob- 
J item ted. 

'l*ho ciiwH hith(*rto ifivm ivfpp to i\\^ I*amellfc<>ni», but 
llie /iiairp i.if njutv feki i^lliii LtttJi-*. t>t>l4nijK'iii^ In tx^ii ik \<AAy 
diatlTiLt ffiviiijiN. niuiiuh', llio I'urt'Uliciiidh' ami Stii[jlivliik]ijai;, 
ttw furni^lK-J Willi hiirns in the forintr im (h*; m^^'>;f sur- 
faif of tht IhhIv/" ill t1if< Idil^r im Iht upi^er Hirfoce of 
the bvad and rli^ra^x. In tlic StAhlLrtinidtB. lUv boms of 
the raaict arc rxlniordiiiiihly vuriuVfe in the uimr iipiric.i, 
jiiM HI! vff Unvc *it^n uilli Ibi- Ijamritir-nriDi, In SMuoniurn 
v/e hftTe B casv of dimorphism, for 1)i4? inalet c^n W dividt^O 
into tiro wK tlitTrrini: (rrcwll.v iu the »i»r of Ihi-ir bodir,* 
nnd in ttw ili>vi'liipin(>ni of their liorN)«, withoiil intrniu'ili- 
aU gndatioiv. In a epedea oJ Bl«diiis (Sg. S3), ^t<t hQ^ 

lon^'ing (i> flic ^tapli^linirlH*, Proffwor WV^Iv^ixhI "tntr* 
that, " Tiuilv «|H.^iinvnA l-aq b^ found in the mne It^cslily in 
whvih Ihp rrntral horn ^f the* thnrax i* Tt-rv Iftrjfp. but tJiL- 
liom^ I't Ihf hfiiil ifintfr' niiJiminltjl; mid nihmv. in nhith 
iha th<>rai!ii' hi>pii le jnufh nhon»*r, whiUt ih^ ]*iv"»lulj*rfliii'eft 
on the hrnd iirc lonjf.""' Ilcn' vne ttpimrt^nlly hjj>* a cdst? 
of mill pi-ntnl ion. wliirh Ihrim* li>^ht on thut jii<l /ivi*n, of 
the frUfj|X'r».'il lL**^ of lh« iipppr hi>rrifl bv tht* iiiali'* iif Owi7w. 
Luw t/ /^if//c,^^uMe malt bitltcv w]»it)i nt-i-rn ill-riltvd 
for Iigh1in>/, rir*vTthcW* cij^igi' in nmfliflit titr tho pt^tM*- 
tioD of Ihcr fcmaloA. Mr, Wsllacc^* e&w twa ni^lcB of 
J^pi'irhtfmhut tAn'jtiidahts. a Tini^Ar lii^rlli- with a iniicU Hon- 
iLn) rMtmni, " l^ifhlin^ U\t x fiimiilL^ who »Umic1 eloiuf 
rtr (iiify Jil h<r horinif, They ^^^^'^^ *' <"*'* other \^ith 
tlirjr rostru. iniil cWvO mid Lhniciiittl. uii;im't-iitt> in the 
griakit4>^t nmc" I'hn emalkr mak^ hnwort^r, " vuiMt mn 

ih* hrhiAh UiuvuiM 1 i>ivt.*il onii 

«'Th(^ Miil4V AtvtiEptlne^; *t>M]. 

Cau. JL 



ttwaj, ni^knowleJ^trij^ liiiikRrlf tHii^itii^hHl." fn Mine frv 
am-t nmlt lM.vlU<f tre -kvU iulaf>t«l for Ej^luiii]?. I>y |:-uiuuttmj{ 
trn-At Iniithcd i»Qri|iliJ(9, inii^li larger tliori thcw of tlic 
fevruiW, ThU ir iIip rnut* wirh llio oimmitii BrA^*-W>>l1(> 

vtftti; aI>oii[. ft v^rk Wforp ihi* fillirr wx^ *o Uinl sfVirftl 
in«}' oflvii 1h« m<'Ii |>rir«Tiin|f thi< minr frrTinl<> Al iFiin ^Pii^nii 
thoT *ngii#w ill fivrw t<*atlic|.i, V\'hf.ii Mr A. U. Ouvifl" 
ifiifUiwil two iiwIl^* with uiir ft-mEiti- 'u\ n hax^ iUr kr>!c-r 
mnli' u*v{'rvly pinthoit ih*^ mniilltTr ont>, imlil h«* n^ni^^d 
Jiie jireUnmiiH^. A frit^ixi iriforiu« me that whcit a U^j 
III" uflni pul the i]]iilf?2t tu);Hlti-r In mw tln-m fiyhi. iiiid he 
Dotk'tti IIiAt tluty w<?ro inucL b»Mc-r and fiaKPT Ltmn tlin 
femdlo«, 04 aith tlie hi^'lier aniinaK Tlii^ iiialea would 
M'if fiuM of liTK fliit^rT. if Tk'M til iniiil uf iIilhh. I>ti1 not 
fa \\\Q U^tnnlv*, ultht^iijjh lh<\v hjivc vlnmf^t-r Jnwi;. Thu 
iLialr^fi of mrtny cf the Kiuuridn* on w^]l aj« <*! Iho nlio\<^ 
tneritL»i>ei{ l^'ptitrlu'iHliUH. nrc lAr|*i.T niu] tiutre [Ttiwiiriil 
initiKTl* iJmn tlj* f**!!!!!!*"*. Thi' lu-o *i*n« of tMhrta rfphithitJt 
lout ■>( the lAiiii-11Jci^m!<t tiihihit (he Mime liiirrcin; arnl 
the mR]t> hflA hr^i>r JiiAnilihLiu Ihnn \\ts* ri^mnlf. If. liuHng 
th« IfrM'tliii;^ »c-%ioiir a eftrBMf^v iiiulo ntU'irLptii to i*Ulor tllC 
burrow, ho in ntt«ckr<l: iKi^ frmalr i)c>r« not rvmnin pAJuivCr 
but cioff-n iho ni>:i(ilh of iho hnrrou\ nrd ^nc'nunp*^ her 
maU^ bv Donluiuaily puiihm^ him on fmm Miind: and the 
httttli* Wu untif lli^ Ji^'gnvtikF ih killnl *ir mn* avMyJ'* 
TUv two e^iw of nniither I-arH*lho"^»rii L*\'!lo, \he Afntrhva 
cictitriaijtti.*, \\\e in poir?, nm! wvm mnth ^ttJuUnl t*» fhch 
othrr; ihf fiijil>>^trjlif tin* f4<mH]f<« In mil Ihr ImlU of <1iiti^ 
in vhich llit <*'» are di?-|ii>'iS>d; and if eht h ri?m«»vi*tl, ho 
b«coni» much iLi^'itaii-H]- If tht- mak- in rciDurtd the f^-mde 
c*»*rt( til work, and Hf M. Unik-rio " hi'-Hcvi'*, would n'miiiii 
nn th«* rtmi* spot nntii *hc died. 

Thf prrtil mandible? *jf the itiftle LucHuldv *re f ilren»ely 
VMriuhk- both in nbev and klruHup^. aqiI in tfiiv roipi^ct re- 
ACTEiblir the liomii on II>c lirad nrd thoivx of many mulu 
Lamf llicuj ii« and Staph^hniiW. A uf^ferl f^^ritr^ cuii be 
foriEUHi froiTi ihe b««l')T<iiiiied i'* liw wonl-prr-vWIi^d or 
d^^acnitc msW Although Ihr mandihW of Ihr (^nrara^ti 
0|ag-1)evl1e» And [^rulifthk nf inniiy otiitrr »4[>eL'ii-«. arc ii»^l 


laB^btt 8rt ftlMaMh*MBilrto 
of tbt* H«e'lH, Kirby idJ Ahbta. 
IM>1 T^l \H, o U4;Biid WWHui 
Ebid. ruL I t-H l6t> 

CIaml ^I'lliiL Sal' Cuiii. l \>. ySA 





Pamt Tl 

tiu*ir K'viLt ■]»■ mil ihttT^ }>*■ iiivutiutn\ (nr. Wi- linrr ««rtl 
thiit Lhrii nrr iiu^l bi^ (.tii> /.u/v»im 
^Jn^v^ of N, Anij?rU'a for aeujn^ 
(lit feiimU*- A* tTji-y iirt' h» rmi- 

And AH owinp to tfuir ^val Uii^it 
Ihoj afo not ntll a[l-t|ili*(l fur 

mv iiLmi] rbfil iTk'V limy iii mldi- 
IJon 81'rii' aN un iirn;iiiit-iil. liki' llie 
horriA uiL \h*^ ht'ud arid tlKiriix i>t 
tht' YnrimJi^ iL|tot-ir» nl>ovi> drMTibcdi 
1*1ir rnfllo I 'Aj'fiJbj^iifi/ftuA Graatii 
t>t S. Chil^— ^ ftfdt-iidiil Ix^f-tlu h^ 
]tin^tifi to tilt? rtUKif- l»rni!y — has 
ri]'krmr>ii>;h' ili>V''lomi! tnuiidihlf^ 
lJi>r. )i\); h^ ^1^ Ui>ld jint) fiok'na' 

Cimih: wjn'il ihri^kutvl >u' fni:t?a 
ruiirtd. ii|k(-ii<; \\U ^n.'ii1 pwv^ and 
Ul illr fWlhr ItJiir HlrhlitUti^j lnudlV' 
ItiLl till' iiLiniUliW ^trv ntjl sLfi>iLg 
cn^tii^li Ut piiK'li Eii_v Tu^L-r kd «>& 

to UllIM' lUtmil ]Vl]El. 

tlie |k08K««<lrin 4^f roctidi^ruldo f>«r- 
captive jiont'tA And of nlronit ptui' 
niitiK« MriiJ!A to bnM- tiiTn iiiun- 
offprliv** wilh Ihi^ l^inolJnTrima 
lliAii willi ally utiu-r fiiiuil^ of 
LertW Willi mhiw niiin-ii-* thr 
tiLulrii nfi' |»ruvi'li'i] ttilh w-nponK 
firf tL^lkliu^: fvmv \l\t In I'^ira and 
nIe»^ i]iiiru;i] ulTin-iLt^ii: iiiHiiy lintv 
lli(' tioiftir of BtrkhiLutiii)C vli^fn n- 

r., M <Thi-^nMha.Of.«iL '"t^J- "»^ny are furni*hod wJlh llwr 

rvii*LV.[. iiiiirrnirin*.iii4ir; j,^^| oxIraoHiikEirv li'jnift, niiMf- 

k.»rr namv. hini»*» , - .. . * '* . 

pnily f'tr Ihr -"k*- of onmnn--nl; 
niH *onir» irhifli nro dinnuil in ihi^ir hatnLt-, an' ;;(>i^ai*ly 
(idi'ifri-d, [.JinrW. wnml «i lite hr^f>\ hwtW ili thi* Horlil 
bidiiiip; tii ihl^ fjuiiil.V, wliirU u^m jdnn^l by l-itiimv^ niid 
Fubncjiii ul Ok' h*Mt\ *>i Ihr <»rx1i-r." 

i^iridtitatiny ir^nH. — Ik^ll^ IxjktngiiLg 1c many and 

n WvittiMl. * Uuinu Cli^* wL L (k IK 

CBav. X. 


viiii^ly iliMlinrt f>mtlk^ jiciunu ttiL>!H> ui-fjaiu. The huuikI 
thutt pruduu'd <fin Aonit-tiiiud: hr 1iu<tiri] at lliv diifUuicL' <tt 

tifXtTol in:l ^^t t\v\i )-srUfi/^ liUl it U nut CUiilfiJirabk w!tU 
tiiiAt madi> !>} Ilii* iJiriifiplvru- Tlio niK|i ^i:-ni*jaSlv nm^iHli 
•it a nui'HJW. uli^'hlly-inijioil Mirfnc*', rrns^'d bv wvy finv, 

E(^]ii*. Id frome c&aci» w with 'L^phuiiu, mitiiite, bristly 

lU Iff Itv rvp bltftiilJi lUiwlUiU^ 

or dc'nli'-like [>nmiiiirrc«, uilh wtiich the wWt- .*Tirrom»i3* 
iair ?urrtt*?r ib ro^<rc»i irj (ijj]»Trtwmntclv i>ntiiUf| Iimv:*, couM 
be tjiiirti jidwiiii' iiii'j EiiL' nt>^ i/f the rbs|j. Tl»' traij&ili<jn>l 

[taker: filmiL' lj\ IIiHt hotHiriiiii;; L'litillUf'hl uud (Uuip'bl. nrni 

l4 tho MRie tiioc more pr»>miin'nf. nnd *Tno(»th. A hAn) 
riiJ^T* itii An HiTJi'ittMij^' jirirt of the Ixtij) f^i>vh ns tlio -^^rafier' 
ilu' ni«p, but ihtM ■L'Hiper Iti *cn«' tiunu liu* hwu ^lu-ctully 
Hoititktl for IbiT piJipoM-. ]l v mpitlly iiicJvrH) ;ictos« the 

Tt]*we iir;-an^ :irL' fitliuKtl iti uickty Hiffcr^nt iir.*ili(m*, 
Jn thr cttrhnn-bi'^ibH (Nrrropfmru*) tv^i painllr! rfk^pf^ (r, 
g- a^) Hjinil ftn th*" fU.TVil fltirfnv*** nf ttw llflb ftUIomina] 
*^iient, cfldi raa^i '* tviiMMiri;^- i.f |:?C tu 110 tiih' nfc», 
*b«u? ribi JAtt *i'i«ji<i! jijijninil tin' iju^lnior irmrj^iiK i>f th«' 
jlylm, n *nuill [>ortioti of whir-h prmects Wvon5 lln> p*ii- 
i^n«l outline. In manv Cnoo(>n<W. nnij in r/y/tr^i i^punfhttn 
(riiJi' of tbe CUnwmw'liib"), ninl in Hiini- Tptiffhrionida.', ii-.t** 

rTiri-MViiiilr.' * ArttnU *n(l Mm;, of 

^llT If*-*" vJii. '*. i^'<i, fL 11 

'• Litfuluir. • '' -- ' -A fur vW 
■•I ini ITT' I lu Ur O 

Cr|<irH k[»' ' 'iri '■-•irw 

^jri/lb^ bo LJi - iiu'iilir* iiai) 

Furrn^im. 1UTi#1U^r4|liMttt>arii>w4 

riffllrlriiiliElnii In (JicOljUin ItH not 
lircli |-ri fi'iu*]? utriciYiMt. 1 Hn itl^ 
iiiHtfh irtil'MpJ to Ur, 1^ ^'. Jdn*fpn, 
Iff lurjrtii»iluTi tod *(f<iiijciii I iiitj 
jblil tliat lb* jbb. Mr 1'^ Itt^ti'm.Vuvit 
that /'TM^fffj «• t rk«** iltululiilr*. 
1'Ul lir •«uv|jnl rrj im'iti t"t ttiv K|ip«' 

*'iii>t>I Di iTf iTjaiBUi U ii«Mii- 
Ulvr. in l}i« ' EEiU-iiiH>(4^i«tV UcrQililj 


(.,->«=, Cooi^lc 




tlid roap b 4CiC«d OD Iho tlor^l ftne^ of tie abd<iftu.-ii, ou 
lhi-< ^ly^ndiuMi nr pto-pvic^iJiLim* jtml ip wrHixn] in Ihr Miur 
mnnn^'r Iij \\iv ^Ayiva. In IJ(l9rt>oerM>i, whK')i I>4*l4jii|i^ to 
onuthcr fai)kiL>, iho ra^iie utv pJucvd on l)^« «ii)i» of Ihi' iirftt 
uliiliiittiiinl M'^-mt-itU JuiU uiv wntiHsf by ritt^i?* tin llif- 
f^ukora^'^ In ccrlain (^urculioniHic an<l r^rLLtjiclip,'' xh^ 
barttf urr ^omplL-Et^ly i'4'^ef>4^J in |j<iBtUi>Ui 
tiir till- nw|is an.' n-nlcil on th*- ijifi-ri^>r mr- 
fncft of llin cljini, nwir tln'ir ttj*iii*, or 
&Wn^ iLtir DiiUi luUTi^iiia. and llii.' vtl^fi 
it( fliT' at>il(tiniri»l ?4<^*iiit-iil^ H^n'i* ii» llii< 
(criipi'r*- In t'tUMuf Hrrmanni <onp of 
DjIiK-idki' rr Afater<l>cftl(-«) d 0tt'L>n^ tw)|:c 
nuia |kara]lii| and near to Iho aulurnl oiat- 
giu of the dytni, Ufid ij i-rooi^td by iib«, 
COArfLc in thr iiiiddk port, (»lU hpi-nnnng 
gndtjolly tinT ai h(tth ^iIk. i^^^«ciallv at 
tliL- ujifnT tiid; whtn thia luaeut jb hi.'ld 
uriiFrr wnlrr irr in r|ii^ uii'. a ritrkluEuliii^ 
miisr in |jro(lao»>d hy iIk' i^ilreirn' honiv 
margin of Ihe abcfam^'n bcinK wTUfitd 
a^uiiwf I hi" rHApfi. hi h ifn*Mt mimlipr i>f 
loQ^-honicd bootloe tLori^Kornia) the or 
fMiu? Arc ailunlpflt quite otnoniiAr. the rn:i|> 
iifing on llu' niPiio-Thanix, whirh iit rnl>In'd 
against tho pro-thorax: l^ndoiH coiinM %'S^ \(i3 liuf ri^» 
un tilt- raa[j of Cerumhyx htr^s. 

Mtjuy ].Diwllli.'rrnK have tbc p>viT of fttrtddtiiting, iknd 
tl»<* iir^nns dilfifr grtinly mi [«<fliti>>n, Some *|n:ciiv ^Irfilu- 
l^ili^ wty liiudK. -»i IImI when Mr. V Sinilli niu^lxt d Trnj: 
tabnhiUHi. a gjinickt^Pi^cr, wi*> ctnuij l»y, thoujrht lie liiul 
r)»i]£fit fi mcuM^; I<«t 1 faiM to diecrf»v«*r ihe pi»|>"T ort^n" 
in thi» t^ellr* In Q«olrii|it^ and Typhii^iiK a narrow nd^^e 
ninv i>1di4|U(ly ncrcM (r, ^jf, ?Gi the i-cDtn nf ('iiHi hindk'ir 
(having in *'/. jtZ/rriiraniw f^ ribs), which is ^rrapod by a 
H|ii>cial1y prnjerfin^ pari ^>t iirkU' of llii^ alidominal 4et£nit>nt& 
Id the nearly alliM Viypr'\t lunanx. nn ewrft*i\v*ly norrov 
&SC rn^p ntna alotiiE thir sutiiral naarxin of the elytra, vitb 

rtn VA-niii<ii-jr<j 

Joint ' !(*■!> c. 
COKB / Fvliiul. 

f. Tllim f r Tiuw, 

P n. 

t*rs u vfM V in ■rf-h^r ruinilLM- Lii 

In Qk1]*ii>Bt]k4' lriui>i*lrc rjiltff ii&t^v 
tim^wvd rkorrirt of the aMoiciirfll 

CmAr. X. 



«tinth<!r nhort rwp nrar fhe Iwni] cmter rriArgiii; but in at>m« 
Otiicr TopTini thki^ rniip ik vented^ accori)in;z tc idOc^ntv,'" 
on ihc »]ir[Hil bUifiKv <hf iht' aTjtlumfik, Id Or>ctefl it U 
«c«t*d on tli« iiro-pj;;]dluiu:aLd,accordiD^ to iht aaiiit' eut^* 
notoKif^ in Mtnic otiirr DynxuLtini, on the uncli?r f;urFai<<; of 
the eljflra. Lafell;, W^^lhn^ stAlt-ft that Id OmahipUa bran- 
nea the ra^p U pUpeil r>ti th« pro-£l^mtiiiu and ihv v^f&'^Q? 
on the mcUi'dtrrtitim, Ihc parti^ thu» ticcnjirin^ thr iindrr 
fturfaci^ nf (he ticirJj, inM^'Ail E>f tlit* uppnr surface u in ihe 

nc lhu^ Auo th*t in tht liilTm^nl cnU'dplrrouii familira 
th** KlridHlnting nrgjirm ar»* vnTiilprfully <1iv>>r-ill'vl iii jinsi- 
tn. tjul ui^t niiK'h ui gtniclun>. ^Xitl^n iho r-niiiu lamilv 
fiome PftccMv arc provvJed villi IIip*c orpnn.*, ninl rrlhin* arc 
dpRiiltitr rf thrm. Till* dKcrsit}' is inlrlEigilJi*, if wp *«|** 
pow that onj^inally vnriouj^ U>Lrl]t'« maUt^ a Dhiilthnj; or him- 
int; notffr bjr the rubbing tu;:Klic'r nf niij lunl atiil n>u^h 
parli of Uii^ir ImnIm^a, whii^h hfipponrd to h« in cnrtHd; nnd 
that from ttkc noi»o thae prodDccd ht^m^ in »>nif h**} iifvfiil, 
Ihi" nm]c!t Miifai'nt ui'ro ^'rziTluallv d(<Vf-I«[H-il iiiln ri'^tilnr 
ithdulnting oruan*. Sorio ttiHiTri ar th*v movo, now r>rt>- 
dud', t'llbi-f intMiliofialtv '>r uTiinUMifU'imllVi * ^liiitTlir^ 
nm»^. iritliotir pcn^i-ssiJi-^ niiv prti|»t'r r»rj;!iMH (•<■ (tc |»ur|H.ihiv 
Mr Wallace infofms mc thial ihf A^ut-Airu.-* hntfimttmis (* 
riau)cflli<:<int. with tlio untcrkir Ic^^ ¥'4>nd«ifitUy rlr>r£At«d 
in flii» mnir) " inaki<«. whilst iriovin^. a lav hi^in^ riuund 
by the protrupif>fj and contmclion of the ubdi^mni: irnd 
whpri »eueO il pttrduui.'H a jL'ralin^ Kpiind by nibbing il« hirnl- 
l«g> ai^ajoil lh<^ i-fl^^v of ll]r> «1ylra." Th^ hi8»^jn^ R#>iinH U 
crl<iar]v due to n narrow nutp rtinniu^ aloiij- (h<- sntiimi 
margtn of parb elylrnn; ^riil I ruiild likcw jhr mukr llii' fciral- 
fn^ ftound by rubbing- tht* dhiii^nvp^d *arf*<* '•f thp femar 
ajrtiirjxt the jirnnLihrril rnaririn flf tb^- corrtHp^nditti* t'lylroa; 
biil f crudil ni't \wu' >)ft*^.-{ any prti|NT ni*ji; nor is it likrlj 
that 1 puald havL* ovortookod it in ao Uj^ art inRor-r Aft^r 
ptAiniaiii£ ryrhra^, and rradiaji vthnt VCtvXnn^ has wnttca 
abnut this bw'llo, if iwrnis vrry i)r>iBhtfiiI whrthrr it jitnuiiviiCK 
ajiy Irtio m^^p, tboui;b il bae iFio pernor of emitlin^f a eound. 

Fn>m th(? aiialn^-v i4 Ibr- Orlliuplvim and Ujtai^utertt. I 
fitpiH^!p<l lo And thp itriduhitin^ <ir|ran& in t^if* (^>li<opi(*rH 
dilfL'nuL; ac'cordirg io jm>x; but i^Qdois who hnA cajrofalW 
mmniard itrvrral si^tth"*, ubRcr^ed ik> surh difTiTfrriie; hit 
did Wt^lting; dot did Mr (J. H. Crot<b in luirjjnrinjr th<f 



manlcVy-' PP I^l- ^^^ 




muny vfH^iini^riH vUir!i tit* hAtI Tlir' kirrhiftU to Nr*rd in(>- 

be ililFicult in UcUxl, mi rttKvuul of llicir gri'al vurL8btlit>. 
Thus, in till' firii (iflir i4 ipeciruL'tti of Xttrvfhiyrus kamai.r 
And of t'rhbiuf ^('hi{h I rxaniiiivd> llic raiip woii coAiAilcr^ 
ttblj largi^r in Ihe malt lliaii in \hv fimiule: but iiul M 
with *iicci>ediu^ ijJK'im^na. Ixx OMtntpts ttercomriu* the 
raup appconxl ti> mi: tfiick^n npaqutT. tLnd Tttow pri^minrbt 
in thmr TiiAk8 [liuji in rhe t*ii)ii> riiiritWr i>r fi-mjili'^; in <n>|i-r, 
thorcforv, lo dmuver uJu-tbiT Uk* m^Jtci difTvixMl m tlifiir 

Sower of HlridnlAtiug. my wn, Mr> T. Domn. i"*>Hp(tw! 
frv'Wver UtIv^ sp^fimone, whirh ht> HepniW Inin two 
jolji, urcordidi; oh tbtj mndi* a >n^iilor cir lor-s imiat*, wliUD 
hdtl ill tlir wine tuunncr. He llion en»iinim*(l nil Ihew 
»JTipHrnpns ft'^*! f^nJi**! that the males were v^ry iniirly in 
tfie BJilue pTOpf>rlj<*» to tlw? fc!malo-( in botJi Uir lola. Mr 
F. SmiUi liH> M'pt aliTr lUJtntfiMu* ii]i(\rimrnft of Mon\tjfnrhtis 
pgi^iuU'' ri triirfiiIi"Tii'1»). and u vt>n\inci>6 tli£t both t*xc« 

idvikUv ami hpfjurt'iilly in un vinia\ <K';;rw. 
_ N'rvi^rthi'li'M, Ihr pdwrr j>r jitnilidsiiinjf iu ucrtninly % 
e^XTia] <^hara':-r^r m H'»rro few t'oteojiter^ . Mr C'r-teb iba- 
covrrtH thai \hf mulfs alnnt of 1\ro bjjlsw t»f lltlii>jwUKii 
('lVrH'liri'Mii<!HM jjci^mw ^IriiJukhiijj nv^nttt^ I cxHTiiim-d 
fiv^ Minlefi ftf //, fihhuM^ ani in nil tht?W' tboro wat p iacII- 
dfvdoppd inA|>i |«ulinlly tJivtilwl iiilo two, nn ISr dorNil 
jmrfmo of ihi< ii-ntiinnl nlidorninnl »fgnivnt; uhllKt in ih*' 
number of femnlw thcic wae nol citcd a niditnt-tit 
6l iLi? ra»|.^ Oil' membrane of llus w^mt-al Iw-in^ tnin[<|«r- 
cm, and much thinnor than in the nifllu- In //. mVa/o- 
*lriaftis \hc tnfllo bn»= a ^JmiUr m^p, -^xti^jinnif xhn it tA not 
jiartititly di^tdi^d jnio Ewti piirlii)jt-<. nm? Ihr frnuile jh i^nn- 
pIfiUty drr1itti1<< of thiA mr^'Aii; tliL^ mnb in Jid»)irinn ha£ 
on the flinrnl lllo^):i^^ of thi.^ clylra^ un tot-b iidt i^if Uio 
Kulur^. Ihr^f f»r four nhort Inri^i^^ltHliriiil ridp^K. ulnrh are 
et(iiiH«d by I'slrrmely tint- hb»i, finrntld to iind rMi'triblinff 
tbflir on Ibc ibrlominnl iwp; wbclln-r xh&w nAffft* scirr 
MX an independent racp. or ns a temfwr fi>r the ubdon^lnal 
mfp, I couM not decide: the rrmnle rxhibitn no tntv. of 
rtiin Utlrr f I nicl iirr-. 

Agflin. in rhn^e npeeiefi nf tli« Lamelltoiirn ^enni Or^c4e<, 
wo ha»r' n n-'iirly pnrfillrl riu,r. In thr frmnlnt of '^- ^rvphns 
nrd rii-jj[iVi>rrpij Ibr iil«i f^n tbr nmp of ibr |rn><|iyifidiiini ure 
]i«K continncm- und Ii^ dnhnel ifinn in the niulen; but the 
thief diffcrenci' is lIuI ihe wholr np|Kr ^iirfiKi^ nf lion s<x- 
tntnil, vshm hrld in the proper light, U w^n to be doihed 


THif. x; 



^v'r^l t]ari>, u'hkli &re alieenl or am h-pn>i(eiite<l by «-ior-4«Lto* 
ly Unv <lvnD lit Itifr ihaI^*- M idioutd t>t; nntit^M Ihnt tn %l{ 
Oolcoptcf» th« cfft'Cli^c jiflil of the ra*p is dwilJlutc of hain. 
Td rt, ftenf^atemiA Oiv dllTer^Eice botnt-oo ihe w\ps i& more 
Ettronf;l> i^mrktitl, oiid Ihi* U bciit iccn when thp pn>pcr ab' 
domin&l «c^ini]-Di i» c!<^nt'd fint] vicued ai a traD^parcut 
objwt In the femalo ibt* whole swrfaoe h cry\€im wilh 
httic i>C|rAFftlv creirb, bmrinjc spmo*: nrhilE^t in i\\c jtxulc 
thtvt^ vTfVtf- in jirocrc^iing tn^Bniii Ihf n]njA, ln^'iniM- nitire 
and more c>oiiffuent. regular, aod nakod; so that Ihre^ 
mrllu of the fi:){itiL-nt b covered vilh citrcntrl^v line |mral* 

HIa, uhiHi (irn qt^itf^ nliKvTtil in the frinnU*. In thv fe~ 
tWp liowo^er, of all Ihrw cpcties of Or^ctce, a flight 
t^fnlin^ r>r »tnUuUlJiiic louiiii let product^, when Ihc ftb- 
rinnicn of n ^ofli'tircl npftciiorc It piiKhrd buckwiirflN Hiirl 

lo Ihi' t-aw i*f tbr ITt-liopathrd anil (»rvdf* Ihi-rt crtti 
hitnllv br a doubr thiit thi* mjil™ Mri'IiiUtp in ori^*r to oall 
or t^ i<it.<ito tli<< feiiiulos; but witb uifHi bovtlt.'d {hi^ ^tndula' 
tion afifmrviiUj M'ne^ l)cifh mik'J ak a miilunl iiitl^ Bt.-i-Ut'ti 
&tri<lulAte MXtdvT rariou* fiii<ktioiif, in tb** KHmo manner mi 
birds «« Ihetr voic« for many [mrpoae* b«idc* singing 
to tlirlr tnalvK, Thv k^i^' nii]ur>KniifJitM tlridulaleA in 
ftn^r or dcflan<^^ many epwiot d<^ the untnr frt^m cliidrH* 
or fair, if bold »o l^al IIk-t cnnnot wi-airf: b> alriklBg the 
hnllovr vU'trw of iuw in thp rmiary lihiridx. Mt'^niv. WolliU- 
ton and (*rntoh vn? aMc to di^covrr ih*' prf-pent*!? of bcctliia 
bt]oii^'iit^ tn i\\v if^TLun Ai'iitlt? Iiy tlieir >il rid Lildt loll. Lnetlj, 
Ibf* niab* At^MicbtiK tiridiiluUv tt^ crooun^' th« fc^irrale in 
lnT Wfirk. >in(i frciii dt^trfw whci> fhv >■ r'ni'>vpri." tiomc 
tidliirHlrHlH Ijriiv'vt' tthat lii^lW iiuke thi» ooise ti> fnghtrn 
avay Ih^ir oncfnitHt; but I oarjtot tlunk that a qofulrupn) 
cr bird, abk to devour d larpc bedb-, would be friizhtencd 
by »:> tWgfti a ?<i*und. The Mlef IhaC the »tTuIiiln1ion 
fiVTftv QM ft B^tuftl kull i^ supported bv tho fact thai dnth- 
tKrl» (;ln4>h'win fr^jir/Zcifurn) aiY vrtW Known to Anj«r«- each 
rf^iln^r'? hcVinjf, anrl. .la I h*rf Ti^yi^lf *>htrTVpd, r tapping 
rnrn? arUfiemlly made, Mr Doubjcday albo mform^ m< that 
hn hiw )^m€iinir« nbsprimd n fiinnlo tirking,*^ and in an 



* ivwrniiX of Tv»»d,* A. Murray, toI i 

bMTf'Hi] fij ]«r> H hij-ll u »l 4.->fi. fliit] 
tbtn •Inhint >>■ lh«t 11f« 4r *U 





Vaxi K 

hour or Iwu aflcmarOs has Tinuiil tifir t)iiit«tl vitli n inult^, 
AQil on oiii; orca^ion »urrouDdefl by ^rvcrrtl id«Ic«- i''iiuilly, 
it JA pnilialrle tliMt tlv^^ two «o\l<4 i/ umny kinds of bf^etltA 
vurc 111 limt euaU^Hl lu llnd eadi olber by lUi< filij;bt iliufEUnp 
noiw pr^duwH by the nibliiii: loicclhcr of Ihc ftdjoiniog 
baril parlti of their Tmilkv; i*nd tbal *& Ibose inal^a or fenmlps 
whidi inudij the i^rc^atcist riuuc Kut-c^i<(!flcd bi^t in finding 
partners, ru^o^ilic* on various paiU of Ihcir bodies were 
prai]u»l[y dL-vi?]'>ppd by m«aDd of t^xual eeloctkon into true 
tfUiduJAtiiij^ orgiui». 

hiu»t '^r mttr UriVi^M In i1i<< iii*W— Mflmpli*— N'<l Hut lo Eht <1iTTvt 
tvD^i<n^ of ifio miulUWiii of Itrc—rokiur^ nJfty>lo1 fnr I>ii:^t«l1i?n - Crploun af 
rripjlK*— liuplnY— Kf(i*inivr fut^-E^m r>f ibc !-eT'i>''»i'Uni— VtrinMlitx- 
rv.|]>ft1n Imllrilll** m^FT tirill'LuiiLlj' I'oliiun^L llinii Uii nufclc*— Uritlil L-i»lTiuri 
■>f ?il«rpllUr« Suii^marj hikI c^noliHliiif ntmBrk- aij tb< ■40AiiaAr)' HkUat 

Is thid fcToat Unler the moot intero«tuif: points for u« 
the tlirTrnFULTH in colour l>i-t»<tii ilio »i'xr» of tbr ttAtiiv 
rittt, and Ix'lwftcii iho difilinct upwit'K t>f Ih* wimc gv^iiuA. 
^rnrly tLt' whob; c»f the fulloviUf; tUft[itiT will be ikvottd to 
tbih Kutgrrt; Iml I will f)r>t iiiiikr a frn^ n^mark.< eui diu* or 
two oitior potnU. S^^'onl malcB mav often b** enpn pur- 
«iiinK anil crowding ronnd Ibc Mma female Theif courl- 
Rbip 0pnt?Ars lo bo a |>rol<ing(Mi RlTair, for f butt' fn.v]iic>nM> 
vuifbtfl ow or miirv aiule^ inroaetiinf: round a fomnlu 
imUl 1 wju tim]> without wvinic tb? uiid of tlie courtfrbip, 
Mr A- O^ BiitUr also Infi^mn n^e llmt h« hm icvrrul iUnv^ 
■wnUhc<] n icak towrtmic * femalo ft>r a full 'Hmrtcr qF nn 
hniir; lint *br in'rt.ftiiuninisly rrfuMil liim. ami til li»t Bi-Llleil 
on thv i^round ard ckr£cd h«f vnig«, «o a« 1o i^f^x: from hia 

Allbow^rb buttcri!i<<a arv vmk and fni^rb^ rreaturea, tbty 
Bfe pii^rnacioitt, and an Emperor buttortly ' liot beea ccp- 

laud Hwrnl i>jp kCrtklnif litr aMKroofi 

iKci nui\i. f^t-r^^'iptii In iM" Mfcll nnP 

CflirL IL 



tur^ witli the lips of it« winj^'s broken from a ronflk-t 
with aDf^lhcr inul*?. Mr, ("ollir^'woi^d, in s|»pnl;iii^ vl xhv 

"■ lliey wIjjtI rounO ►^^ni-h o!}n>r witli the ^pejile&t rapidity, 
lUiii uppuor io hv i[jnLi-il by the grcaU^t fiToviiy/' 

The A'jrnnii'i ht^tiiia rnftkc!* a oewc like that profluccd 
by a toothed wheel I'lit^ir^ untTpr a spring catch, nnd which 
cnii be heard iit llio d^iariLV nf (tvuml yurda: 1 luiticivi thta 
siJijiMi III RJo ilr Jaiiriniv only whrn two of thtw^ ]>iittertli«A 
jAVXv uho^in^ (4eh olher Ln an irrcgi^lnr cnufte, »o ihnt it id 
probnlly nimJc ihiriiii; lhL> ouurtflhip of the flcixcH,' 

8fini<f iMoth^ Jil>n prMliin- ^ml^lll^; For inAtnnerv the 
iual«iri of Thiojfhorti fot^a. On two orfasif^ns Mr. F. 
Buchonnti Whiti^" lirurd n t)iiir\y <iuick iK'iiy ruadt* by the 
male >»( Uijhphxin f'fii^itiau\i, nnd hhich hi* hrlii^^rs to hi" 
prodiicvd, UA uj Cicudiif by an ti|jb«iiu mcmhrnncj ftinii^hcd 
with a muscle. He L|Uoltv, aiac>, tiuuD^e, that Setiuu ptO' 
duces a (AUiid hke fhe Tirkir^^ of a wjiich, a]i|iarui11y hy 
thu aid of " two ktf^L* tjiii|»unLforiu vi^iclue, f^iuiatcd iit (h« 
rcctomL region;'* and thi^c "aic inadi uiorc dctelopcd 
m the iiihIc than in the fcmnlc-" Hcner* wnirid-i»r<>- 
tiucirif* orj^dui^ la i[n^ Loi>i(l4>E>t<.Ta apiiear fu tlond in dontf, 
rclalioii with the «iMfUul fi^m tuni^. I have uut tLlluOcd t'j 
the well-kiiown nniw ni^df by tht^ IVafh'h lU'ad Sphinx, 
for it la iff'iirnLliy heard uouu Hfli<r Hh' moth hau oincrj^ed 
from it'll coriKiij. 

Oiard hae atwn^v ohwned that the iriusVy oijour, whi<rh 
is emitted bv twu e;>ecii^B of Sphinx itiothti, b p<h:u1iar to ihc? 
maW; ' and in thr hi^fhrr ehiuc-A wc* fthall Ttitvl wilh luuuy 
izkStanoes of the inale« nlone being odi)rifcn:-ae^ 

K\*r\ one itiuat have uduiirt^l tht c^xtrorui? ln^iiuty of 
mwiy htiJirHliri« mid of unmr niotht: nnd ii truij hi- ai-ki'il, 
are their eoloiir? am] Hiver^il^eti imlturne the ri.>Hll of ihc 
ditet't acticu of the iJnMual i^jmlitiiiiw lo which thi^nt' in- 
B«?cU hnve hrvm nikw^^^t, without any hi^mfit licin^ thus 
derived? (Ir have fluieianive vanafion^ been nccuimilaTrd 
Dod dekniiiiitd n^ a iimtcciicii], or for ^oiiie utikiiowii pur- 
jK»e, or thui oni* nci tuny b« atlracUvi? to Ihw oihi-rr' Ami. 

ItVd Fill lliti IlKfiitdf' KuLlfirlliiht •*ti 

nllrt.- 1«-. p. IM. 

l**t..p. ii Ml. [tr^HMnilftf Fih At}- 

»ir at ib« btn oL the ffwit MiEigvy 

lirvKtui-iliin (»rilii:«i 

I til Ihi 
■ iiiinL FijT llie i^u 

IflAli, n, MJ. For Mr. nucltonnn 

NutunlliiU' Joly i^9. |t »i, 






flK^in, ivlial U llw rnriiTiing of th[» rrFlniin- >x»inK wi^Hy 
rJifTcn-'iil in iho malve and ffmnl*^* "f C'Tiam ft[»-t'i^t, mmI 
aliU- in tliH twn &«ti'& uf ullii-r ?i»cti» of lli^ siifK- {,'enu»? 
Iltrforc iktiiMiiptiii^ lo ftu^wcr thctftr cjiKtUoiu a boily of facti 
miJitr. bo jEiviriin 

Willi our Wauliful Eii^lish Imtk-rflk's. the arlmiral, fied- 
coek- nnd juitucvd ludy ( V^*"'"**-'^). »*' **^ll *^ m«riy oUifN, 
(he nrxr* arc nlikc Thit is alsc.* iLc <ii*e wilh rhc mwinifi- 
(fnl nMic"n»la', ?iiul rn<i^I o\ Ihir T)?iiiarda' in llii- lir.piOi. 
But iQ trrtnin riitKT lro^>ua! gr()ii|»*^ iiiul in *o«u.' oJ ojr 
Mii;£lipk SuUrrllif-^, a* IJir jmrplc 'rmi>cror, oranijt'tip. At, 

oitlitT j-rt'tttlv or *h^'liTl_v 111 colour .No Iftii^'un;:*' iu^lin-^ 
to clfMribc the ^pkudoiir '>f llii; malv« of soun.' tit^iim! 
Bptjcip*, Kven viiliin \hv iame f;t<Dj« wv oflen Ami 8|iecipi* 
pnsi^Dtiii;; otraordlnnrv (iiffcpcnixii liirtivtiTD Ihi? HtTti-fl, 
i&hilM oUkt^ Iiilt<^ tlH'ir M']i<^« otovf-li,' flikr. Thii^ in lUf? 
,Soii:li ,\n>Phcan ^^nm l-^picAlia. MT.Batvi, lo whnm I nra 
indcdliil for inoul of the followini; fntls. anri for lonkins 
oviT ihin whiil^ tliM'iiwioti, informs mr ifwl fh* kmiw* IwHw 
»I»K-ii>*, the Iwij (oiM f>f whidi httnul The ^int» etaliona 
(und Ihifl ia not nlwuys thr raw with buttrrHi^'*). mid vlucii. 
rki-ri'^itv, <'Hi](i(>r hjivr hi-ru dilTm^nfly niTprifd liy <*vfi*niot 
condition*,* Jd nino t»f Ihcbt t'lVi'Wf tjiw.'Ktt the nialir^ rank 
ummiKH Uic nins^t hriltinitt of nil tjtillrrllit^ and difTrr no 
amifiv from (he comiinrjilivfjy pl«in fcDialeA (hal (h^y xmr* 
fonifiorly placed in tlUtmct K^iwmL Tlie fL>iuul«i of thc«« 
ninf f'liw^WH rPM'inlilf mrU olhrr in l.hfir «i'ni*nil U\tt' of 
roloratidu; and tWv lik^wifp r€**>ml>lfl b«11i spx™ rf ih*' 
a[>f!C-kfi ill Ht-Vi'fa] allif^d j^xm-ra. U'VitA in vitrir>ii> E>ar1« of 
tuj* tt'iirld. Hi'fiiT wr miiy infrr fhnt \hi^p nrnr uprcii-ai, 
and iiTohnMy ^i!! Uip oihort nf (ho jjcniis, nn* diTjoondiil from 
an 4inc<.^lnil f'MMi wfiicb was c/loun.'-l in Boarly xhe «ariir^ 
mariiior. Tn iIk* trniS ripi't'itv Che fi-malE- i^tili n-Tains ihv 
Mmf" ^onrral ooburinj;, t>iil the mnli* rwcmblo^ hi^r, to that 
he i» colouied lu a iiiudi IrM gaudy and c>ontin»tc] niMiim^r 
than the males i^f Ibe prri'ioiiii d].M*oiM. In tli«' i-levi'nt}] and 
twelfth »poi^ier^ Ibe rnmak^j d^^puH from ihv nniiti} 1y|>t. for 
ch[^ Jiir f.irlt dfconktf^l alnrifll Wkr tfiP iimW» Uul in a 
Homt^what lew depree. Ilj-ne^ in lliwe two Latter ejiecipfi 
tin' hriffht r«lniirf i»t ilir mAhe nncm I" hnvr hn^n irmi»- 
ffrrtn] !■> Iln* fimmli**; kvhiNt in tlir li^nth i^pii'irfi llh' utAlf 

*K«B aUn Hf lliik4V VApcr Ui •bkjMl. ^ nownl m Dladuu*. tn 
p. SOU, Al«« Kf. W«rLMO » Iht M<a> luQl p ITK 




CnjkT. XL 



Uv» ciUier rvtaiiirtl or i rcovon^d Ihe |*Uin cnli>uni of the 
f«tnal9, ft£ wHl AM fit thf pMivnt-forni of tbiT p>tLtii;- The 
«ex9 in IhcAo- Ihrcp casc:^ hsw 1hits been rtudererl ncarljr 
uliki-, TJimTgh ill aii <i|){H»i4r uiKujier. In the hIIliiI gfiiiu 
KubiL^f, I'olh <oxM of mine ot tlir v^oioc nr^t \t\niit-coiriimd 
And nearly alibo; ^^liibt with tht' ^rc-jiler niimli^r t\n: tnuia 

ATV <\i^uijrAii^l\ v'jth tv.ttLiliful JiiotuhiL' tiiilft III a divrr>ifl«l 

inftnntr^ nod difr*^ mmh from llieir fcmftlr*. The (iiTinlc** 
tliroag[ir>uc tlif ^f'DUf iitaia llic- mnxir ^tinvvAl biylv uf olotir- 
in^p &() Ihul ihi'y rv^eitiMt tiiie iiir'ithi-r mut^h wirp rlijw^ljr 
tbnn Ihcy rcn&mbk Ihcir own molof. 

In the gcDus l^tpilio, all Uie bjx'iks ^f tli« iEu^s gtuM^ 
are lemarksble for th<rir c<inBpicu4>ud atul AtTon|xt> <xin^ 
tnftod coloun, fiod thcj illiuatratc The frorjueat tcn(l(?ii<y 
to gradjitioii in Ihi* smoimt of ililTeivnce tietwtrtrn Mie st^xes. 
la A fev Hpeciet, for iD^Uneo en P. avrftnina, ihu jiia(<>e and 
fcmdldi are Alike; in others the mnlr^ arc either n little 
brighter, or vrn' imich niuii? Muj*rh llisfi th*? fernhW Ttio 
^enufi JuuoDia. ulhed tu our VciZitsdiL, ulT<.-r% a Di.'arljf purulbl 
rftir, for 4Uhi>»tjh the trwt of moAt of the »|weie> re^omblc 
esrh nther^ tiT^f\ sn^ riesiiliitn of rich enlnura, ypt in pprrnin 
apecitt!, Afi ifi J. o-MtJWB, thL' maid h nthur more bn^'ht- 
i^olnuiwl llutn llie fniuil^. niid in n few (for inhlnner J. nn- 
drrtminja) the tiinlp ifi ^o diff^ri?nt from tW f^mnfe thM he 
might bo ruiHflkcn f'>f in entirely dLitiiict [j|>ctii«. 

Ar>o1lirr Af.rikiiis t'ji«* nj.* pmrlrd nut lo me in the 
Britii^h Miibeiim by Mr, A. Unilof, iiAmety, on** f>f lh« trop- 
jcfll Americiin Tlmb-. in whith Iwth b««b are ntarly ililce 
And wmTd^rfnlU Kplrtjdid; in iinofhep npn-ir* Tlir» innlr ia 
eoloored rn a *?)niiinHy fforv^mi* irAtiner, whilst tli« wh<>I« 
upper surfnt'e at xhv fimulf- i^ of a dull uiiiforEu Lrui^a- 
Oiir (Simmon little Krigliuli bine hiitttrflif* of the j^iu 
Lyeicnfl. illn^tralc Iho rnnoui djlTefijncc* in enlftnr bo- 
twn-T) Ww MieA, aliuiMt u udl. though not m »*> sfTikini; 
A niAatter, lut tho obovc exoiie ^'otierfl. In L^ff^na afffntU 
both iirxw ^avc M-ines of a brown eofonr. tierderc*! *-ith ^truUI 
oMIab-d '.iiiiti^'>- I'tHjIff. and aiv thu8 alike. In T. -i^'^rc the 
wiiipi of tho mule uru of u fin*! (fhio. bi)rd(-^*d wiih blaek, 
whiNi Ihoie »:■{ the femnlc nre hn^wT*, with n nimiUr huriW, 
elohfly r(>^iiibtiiig the wirip^ of L. a^estifi, Ia\*iU, in L, 
arion both ii<x^-i orv of n. UUie c^toiiF And Are very like, 
though in the female the ed^ of the win^ nre rnlher 
diieki^r. with the blaek spntR plaitter: and in a bright bine 
Indian Hpoeie« both t*^vA are dlill mere alikeH 

1 hAfc given the forc^n^ dcTAih in order in Abow« m 





mofv from tli€ lu^iiul Ij|H.' of (^^loitriii;; uf Ihtf ;>;t^"P to 
ttliirh liii? n|n't'ic* U'li«if,'&. Hniii' Etc nioit ^rutijw iht f<^ 
malc« f*f llm Ri'voral spoci™ riv^mMp i^ach othitr nim-'H niore 
do»v)T tliun do thv iiiak-34. In ifoiiie t^Oj^-a. Iiowcvcr, l<j whicli 
I htiJiil hrrt^rtfU'r Hllatli-, lliv feiiiailFh anr iijlwuiwi tucif^ 
epkndidly thnn the maltw. In Iho fonniid plnci.-, thrvc de- 
UiU Imif Wn given to bring clearly t>rforf the mind that 
within th<' Hune gtrjiiu. rht< tuo tifiuK frei.|iieiitly p[V8»>iil 
evrry f;rndd.tion from no drlTorcriUfc in oolour^ to m ^rt«t 
a diilei-riiCL' Ihot it wa* long brforr ihr Two wpic plircd 
b> eiiTomolojjiKU in llie same gonftt. In the third jdiifp. v^ 
hijvc *ccn that iaIh^ii thiT avxai nc»iiy rL-si'mML* caoli uOi^, 
thih A|it>cai6 diit cilhf^i to tbe mnTt liAvinir lran*fi^iT**l hi* 
coloun to tho fcmak\ or to the mal** having iriainfid, or 
lierhnpEi recovered. Ihc primordial colour* of Iht- f^ruup. It 
mho dpHi^rvii^ niH ttv that in thtiM.' gnmp:^ its vhidi tlir tcxv^ 
dilT*-?, the fvniale8 ueiially j»oniewhat rt^flenkViIi* th* rnal«i, 
tifi tlint when thr matrv nrc b4.'nuliftd to an ritraordinar/ 
drK''''"> '^"' f<'TnHli^)i u?iiui*t mvarijddj r-ihihU *o"ir di^f<n« 
of hkjjiuty. !''rviii» th** many i^asi?e of ;!ra'lti1ir>n in lh*> an>ount 
of dilforriiue tHlwti'u lh<' w-ncs, flnd frr>m tht prevaknco 
i>S ihr Muni' ^incriil ly|«' uf i-ri|orHiii>n thrniij^hoiii Ih<> wholn 
of the wimi? |!rouyt, we may ixinrhidi? thai the coum^ Juve 
gmi^iidly tK.-en tht* »m? which }ia>t i3i-trnmnL-J Llic hrilhAnt 
coloiirin)^ of llie itiilw iil^miv of niitw i;pvri«f«, and of both 
fj«Ci4i of othcrr »pcrif4. 

Aa HO many gi^r^wuh biiUt-rftim inliahit tlif* Ln>|iiiT«, ti 
hn« often bwn Bup|»*rtod ihni Ihcy ov^f thrir (m^Ioiiiv to thit 
iH'cnt hmt and nioi^tiiro nf tli<^c eoiH^^: but Mi\ Hai^* liAS 
hhrrun hv (be ri'itipairi'-iin nf iaHliiih L-to-ii-ly-Hllird |;roO|iH or 
inai^ctB fniiTL Ihe t^nij^raic and tro|Jn«I r^isioxif, Ihat thta 
vif^w mnn<>t hr mninUinrd; and llii^ ^vidtnsr W'min^ caiTI' 
Hiii^ivp uh^i) 1iFiltiaml)'-n>}»iir»il innh-* ^ii^i |ibi[i'rolrmreil 
f?mal«fl of lb* tmtiK Hptciw mlMbit thr Monio ditstrict. f<4."<i 
on the tutnn^ ft>od, nnd follow riAtlly Ihc tame hahiU f>f 
lifp. Kyi-n wb*n Ihu seiw rwcmbl* oadi olhi-r, we ran 
hardly bchL^vi* Ibat llmr l>ri[IUnl and bi-auUfijHy urrant^od 
colours arr tbr purfx iiM*1rA mull r>f Ihr nJili:rv rjf Ihr ttMtur-t 
and nf Ihn anion of th*- «iim>undinx conditions, 

With auinials of dll kindd* wb*?nirrcr colnur hiu hwn 
niodifii-'d for lumr H|K-ria] pnt|Kii«, tlita Kiift Uwn, iw far n^ 


**TW KilunllnvoUk* AfiH*>».*TiilHl. 1HB,^)BL 

Coin XL 



wo CPU jviif^, ftith^r for (luv(.-t or luUiroct protoctioTi, or &< 
an altmrt)o<i br-lwccti Lhc ki^h With many spedci of 
liiiMfrt1ii«8 ihe vijjpr Hurratv* of the viiigrt uri* i>fjM.-tir»: 
QPil Uiiit ill ull pivUiUEity EouUi lo Uiuir i^acairiuj^ obicrvalicn 
ihiid lUapcT, Hut huUrrflir* wouM \n: jirtfliculftrlv lialik !*■ 
be alucV^l ly iKeir ori^uii*'-* wJi^n &{ renl: oi^d jufwl kliid* 
rtluM ivslii:^' ruipv thfir *inK?" verlwulW iult thuir Wkw. 
«o ihal th«' lo«(T jinrffttr olunc js tf-tjBjj-n! to view. IKin-r 
fl iw ihn fli^l*' wl)if^i h <iftPTi r*ilrM)ivil m* a(< to iii>iint*» llii- 
objects on whith thi"»t inwtU cummouly rest, Ur Utwslt-r. 
E brlii'Tc, fint nutiml tW *JiLiilirity of th<' iIoiumI Vfinjfn of 
CiirEsin Van?«v ami olhpr bnuc^rflipn to tli^ hork of \rtf». 
Mdu> auutok-oui- uiiU Alrikin;^ fiLcU could U? i^lvlii. TIu* 
inf}*i iofri-vliriK o'h* in thnt r^i^ordi^t l>j Mr, Wnllrnv ' of 
H fommork Inditiii rhi) Siiniulran riitiirftv iK^llinia), wTiirh 
ilisttppeam likt mupL' ukhi'ti it Hi^Elk-n ori a biieh; f</r it bide* 
iln b(*aO ami aritcntLir Ih*I\v«tti its rliiM'il ivxn^, wfiirh* in 
form, colour anil \«inin|:, oannot bp difili»^iiflbc<i fr<^nj a 
wiibtmi ]vut W:lh iU fuul^tttlli. lu eoiric cllitr ta^tB Ibv 
lovvrr fiiirfiu'fs of [lif» vinpi wn* hnlliiiiitl^ rntonnni, /iiul 
yot are pTclwrtivc; thus in Thecla ruht Iho wmps whoii cUi^i^d 
art? of au irmrrald Kf^oti, a.iid n-sf-mbk- thr yuimi; \<nrf3 of 
lh(* hrnnihlr-, on iflliich in spHng thiii b»tt.^rfly mny ofirn 
bo ftocn (Willed. It ia aUo ictnarUMv Ibuf in vi?ry many ipo- 
dt"* in wbifli Ibi- *i'\)^.» iljrTrr ^rrAlty m t^liinr oit tbi'ii u|i])L'r 
siirfjir*. ih« lott'tT *urfaoi> i* tki-k-ly sinnlar or idi^nlica) in 
both dt'Xrt, And *crro ns n prtjtot-tion/ 

Altlimigb thp oliPi^iirp IM^ ln"jlh f»f Ihp npppr iiinl ntub-r 
sidm »! many buKi-Ttliod no d^jubt t!vrv4.- to t*oiiLS.-iil ll>oin. 
yet vt cannot ntrm! this rtfw to tW brilUnnt nnd con* 
Kpirnunp rnlnnn on Ibo upper enrf^cp nf fliicli sppH*»fi sA 
our admiral aiu) pi^ao^tok VEiTionr.Et, our wliitu ojibbaj^cbut- 
tcrfliw (PiiTin), i>r \\u* j;rrnt i^unllo^r-tnil PniiJIio ^liirli 
linvnlA thp open r*'nB— for tfiefte biitffrflips ari? (hiia ri'n- 
dprcd ritnbk^ to I'V^rry living crcntuiv. in lln-*u spLneM bufh 
sues" «rp ulikr; kiii in thr (^nrNrnon tirinistoni' biiHirfly 
(GGtiifftfri/T rhamni}. thi^ inali? is "f sn inietise yellow, whiUf 
th^ fomalt IJ^ mu^rti paler: uud in tbc iiraij^'e-tip (Antkti- 
cA^inV «jr/?nr/Mnr»> ibr mill™ nbmi- Imvi- tbi-ir wiiip ti[jp»^d 
with Iriglit orAni»^, P<flh the males and female* in the** 
ct>n tr« coQs^kuifUB, and it i» not credible that their dif- 


•WMmifiM'r R»v»ir,' Jiik, iiiic. jl. 

•Sir *V /n»r. la'^lLt■L^v«^ Ai^U 


THE UtiijLKM'' OP 3i±S. 

P41T U 

f^rrDiM> in colour sliouM Mjuid in any ivUtion to ordinary 
firi<ki:1li^n^ t^uf. WcJ^iimnii nmark^^*' t^iat the female of 
viiv tjf l)\f ljyi'je»»i ti|iHUifH hi-i' IjnTv-n Wiu^ wWii iJi« i^t* 
tlf» ofi tJii^ >-r<)uiiiJ« and is tlu^n dlmwt invmibb; Ihc tnole, 
un lli*^ oUkt han<i, ct* if nwiire of th** liao^^'i mcuireil Uotii 
i\\e- Lrijjhl l]Ti»i? f»f ihp ij|ipiir i^irfaoe uf lii* u'in|>v. wr^U with 
tliL'H^ cli>rifil; cind this bIkjwe tliai tltc blui' rok-nr cannot be 
ill fttiy wnv prolortirr- Ni-vrrlhrli'**. it ih pro1>dlik' Ihul 
riiiiBi>ioiirtiiii colmirs jirc irdiredly bonfrlk-iBl to miii>y Bp*- 
tii/H. m a ^amiii^ Ibat they trf unpalatable, for in c<-rt>im 
(ithiT criMw. tiniijly 1ia« iHvn jL'Rint'i) tbmn^li l]ie IrTiilation 
rif iitlijir dttautifu] vpeekn^, uhioli iDliaLit Uic eam<> Oidtrjct 
mid ^^[jjrjy an iiamunity ftom nttiirk by IwinR in sonn' *<iy 
4)trra*it(* Ie> Ihi'ir i'tiriTn<'e; hot tlipn we hiivt* rr> ncomint /nr 
thv iHiLuty of ;1i4< imital^d epoci^, 

Afr Mr> WuMi ba.i nmarktril to mc, llic Icnmli-i of cmr 
oTuugi--ii|j liuUrrily, iihan- rrfoTmil to, ni\i\ lit im Anwriran 
|]|i«ci(« {Anth. i/r.utiliti) probably ehi>w n& tJio nriiLOrdial 
Uiluurn of tilt" j»aivnl'ajii.'ciea of tbt- k*^pu^; for buth ivxvs 
of four or Hvo widiOj-distrlbuliHl i:|wri4<« tirv coloural in 
RGirlv 111* win^c niftiincr, At in ecvcrfll prcvjmi* cnsc% wc 
iimy nrn^ infi-r ibjl it la lb*- nmbsi of .InM. f*rr7anii"nM anO 
^nuiio wliicti hu^c d4>pftrlvJ from the u^mil ty|>u ur Ibc 
g«DU#, In tbe ^riJh, jvf^ra from Caljfi>raiu> llic (iion^c-ti|>« 
lo tbr niri^'H bnvi' ^jm'II |iart'uil]y i1ev4-bi|ttHl ivi ib^.- r<>[iial«; 
but tbcy arc )ia1(T rluu) in ttuo niiiU't tLml «]i;{blly ililfcrciiit in 
come- otbcT n?ap<«t« In an JLllied Ini^i^kn form, ibo (phioA 
i^hbcif/pe^ i]i& 0Tangi>-Iifi> are fully devilojrfHi iri bmb wx^9. 
Jn IhiP Iphmj!, BK T*<>intcd out tc nm by Jkir- A, Kntii-r, llic 
uodt-r ^iirfoLV of thv win^a ■[lanvl loudly jvAoiiibkii ■ |>a)c- 
trolnirLHl 1i>af; niul in oiir Kngtlflh oningp-lip. the nnd^ 
rtirfntt rr^i'mMo* tbf" flcmtr-bwid nt Uh- wild [lurnley, on 
v^Wu'h t)ie butlnrrty uflt-n rcsU at ni^Ul.^' Tbr iMinir ivojicin 
vliit'l) coTni>vU u* tn >ii*li<:'ve Ihoi tUo lower MiffaeM have 
l)err Imtu iiiliiiiir<1 f"r the *nki' tti prol«'lir*n, UaJn iih lo 
deny tba( ih^win^pj hnv^ fnH^ii ti[>|iL'rl uilb brrk/bl umnx*' f"r 
Ibv mnK- iiuriHier, <*«;>Lvially \vbL*n tbi« ehaniHi^r it: l i^iifiii^d 
ii} the mnW. 

Mo« Motha les* mol^onTew dnrir^ iIip wboir or giviitur 
pari of the doy wilh l!itir wicp* dvpre^^di and th<i whole 
iipiirr farffliYi^bRdi'd nnO (i>bmrt(l in an adimn&ble luanncr, 
s« Mr Wallace hat tvniari«Hl, for c«cnping ii4»(i*ttif)n, Tlie 


T W. Vr«o<-Tbt »tihltAVS*FL 

K. n. 1 




rronl-nii]|:ai>f Ihe Buihlycidni! arid Nottuid:r," when nt r^t, 
^rniTillv i»^i*rljijr ninl t'lim-i-u] ihv liirtil-u rri^^; Kit tluif. i\w 
\tUvr iiij^lil Ik< bfi^'htlv c-^l'^un^d uiihii^iil ieivcIi r)«k; and 
ihrv ntr in fa*;t ottvu thus a»Ii»ured. DuriiiK ilijjIiK motha 

U'4K, a* iliL* hiiiJ-wtn^ are thi-n fnllj <^5(["»m'd i»> ^ww. tlieir 
bright colours muM ;;eDerali,v havu Wti at^juir^J at ^oine 
Littlr- mk, [iiit Ihr foEI'>wiii^ ffti-l tthru^ )jow cniilumt w« 
(/ttght to l>« in drawing condueion? od tlite Uoftil, Thu 
c'DinimiQ Velltiw ['lulcr-witii^ (IViiiliitim) oiivii t\y- aliout 
duping Ihv day or i^rly irvoning, iiiid itiv ihcii toviiiit-uuun 
ftxitri the col'jur r>f tficlr IiirKi-^'iniC^^ it would naturally 
he iii<iv^]\i lliJil lEiis wouli} til.' a hiuivl* uf dau^vri itui Mr^ 
J, JcnniT Weir Wi^v*** that il n*;tiullv turrtH Ihvuj uii ti 
mr-jin* of cscniw for Kir^i^ slriki^ .il ;li"^f b/ijchtly fotourrd 
jiiid fr^i^ile Kii[fAirK. ir^iti-^iij uf ul thv lji)4l,v. fur iD^tHiii-e, 
air Weir turned uiU> hin *i»aij « vip.iroiii auc^oimt'ii of 
Trii'}nrna prtHtubo, wbtch wai^ in^UntlT puryucd Viy n roUp; 
I hilt t)i«< Itiril't altentioTi I rising i?4iiglil 1iy fh** rcjIotiriMl niiLg>i^ 
the uiolh w>« ni>l ot;>turL*J udIjI aflor ivhoul fifty ftttvint>u, 
jind Jtrnnil p^irtionx of thr wiri:^ nrrr rrpdlcdly liroKcii 
filf. Ilf Iriwi th* innip (>X]H*riniprt. iti ihf ojwn «ir, wil.h 
a ^vallov and ^T, fimt'nit; hul ttir lar^i' ^^^ t>f ttiis moth 
prubalily inlirrfi-rcd uHli It^ rftiiturt'.'* WV nre ihii^t rt- 
niiriirltxi **f u ^intrn^t^ni ninip hy Mr, Wnllarr.*' naxncly, that 
in Iho LtntJiilLati fun-j^td and iMulavari inlands, many ^oiaiuf>ii 
■lud hi^'hJj-dtvoniti'd ImllrrMiix unr vnik llypw, lliiiu^h 
funtirilii'd uillt u hnnvl oi;rmij>^ of viiig; and lh«y *' atv 
oft-.'-Ti ^^plqrcd vrith ^l^kaJ anil tirok<*n witi^tn, a^ if they 
had htrt*it wiieil by Lirib, fmiti wlii^^h thrj ImJ *y«'jfMHl^ if 
tfic^ nin;;* Imd b^^rn raikh cTnnDirr in proportion io the I^chIy, 
it M^m» [irriijotdc ihal thf inject v'i>uld inuit frequ^^itlir 
havi< ]ie>.*ri Mrtiib or jiiercrd in ^ vital fHUt. and thu> tlie 
mcnniv'd fXpantfu of tito uin^ may hev« bt^cn ludiTccUy 

Difjfla^^ — Tlie liri^ht t-uWnt nf mnny liultctfiiiv and 
of Autric tncitliH are »piy'iiil1y arrftng^d for display, lo thai 
ltic>" luay Iw n-adit^ awn^ Durinf: the iiti^ht colour* arc 
ncil Tipihlp, and ilu're inn hi* no lUnht IhnI Iho iirtHuniul 
jrtotit*, tAk«ii u* A body, arc raoch lot* ^aily d<t«ralod than 


"i¥co aJs^ uii lljta ftuhjirt. Mr. p. la. 

9lMiiurt«rlUTitv,'JuLr 18«T. 

TElt: liE:r;i:U)?T UP HAN. 

P^n U 

VuUrrflice. all uf wliiih arc Jiunia) in Ibcir laUu, But 
the moths or ivrtniii fariilus, mmh t\a lhi< Zyj^'nt'lr, H.-tenil 
S|ihirjjjiikT, I riiniub\ fU>mn Arciiiilir iind SAhimiiibiT. llj 
nbuut duriitL' ilttr iIa)' tir (-arl)- L-vi'Din^, aiid imity of these 
t'xirt^iiu'ly hobtiiiful. Ltiu^ far l>nKlLlor culoun-J than 
lejilrictly iK-cUtmal kJndf, A f'^n rxccptional riuv^t, how- 
Mtr< uf iin^lil-Lulourvd uiJctLirual sjieew* liave boon rt- 


Thrrc !!» rviJfTH'P <»f ftiicillirr kind in n^rd to ilisphiy, 
Ilultk:'i'lti»'4. a>i liffv>[v ivinarktHJ, t»l«?v4lv their wiii^'h whi-n 
ut n-iil, biTl v-hiUt Imukinic in Uie tfUimbmL* oftvo aUvrnuli^ly 
roUc ami (ifprrM tbi-ni» Uiun expoMn^ both HurfiirM ti> full 
vl«^^ aiul although the l{i\vi>r tiirrsr^ U aridi riiLoiirc*r1 iii 
en utifoiicv inuiiiior an u prutoL-iion, \vi m juanv !:fpi<oii>ti it 
M pH liij^lily iji-cfinttol 115 Ihr Uj>iKT ;«^irfni~-i-. tncl soniHimr^ 
In a wty flirTfrcnl manner In ^riiiu' Irviiiki^l fj4>t^iF^ ihp 
luwpr BiirfA^^e n o^tii iiiuri- biLlbtkiillv coUiurcd Ihun ttii^ 
ii|i}>i-r.^^ la tilt- lutx)i^^ fritilbinr-t iAryjpTinis) llir loivtT 
KiirfHrr' uUtiki- U nrnaimi'ntrfl vitb »Tii>iin^ nWror. N«rf>r- 
thelo84> fi^ a t'^ttoral rule. th« upp«r »nrfact.\ nhicb la prtib- 
uhh iiLi^rt- fuUy exjinM^d. !:» ui>]»tin*il nion< lihj/bUy am] <li- 
v«r»<^1y than th^ lowor- I!«nci> thp lower purfaot* if^n^mlly 
alTonid to en1onu>lLi)-iHl» ibo more Ufterul diaracler for dfc- 
tK-Iirig Uiv »11Iiiiti(v t^f thr v-4nnu]t uprc-iin, Knh Mfillrr 
informs mc Ibtt fhr»'e apm»?*i of Cantnm art- fotind noar 
lii.i Ittiu^r m S. Ilrs/il- uf two of tlitixi tlir binil-ui(i>,-)< arr 
nhjifun*, Hiid nw alu^nyR f^nviTcil by th*- fmnt-vin^ whifn 
t)]<-^ tiutt<rtljc^ jri^ aI R'^t; but fb<' Ibird 0|>cri»>t )»i^ biLwk 
ljj|j(l'iiinf>. bi'iLulifiJIy s|miIIii3 uitb ml and wliilt-. nnd 
th<i:Ti jir? fully I'XjiamlM and diiplau*! olwnpvn- Ihr buttrr- 
fly rofcl* Olbfrr jucb t-asrt routd bo uddtiL 

Tf wr ncu' lam [ri tbr FiiLiria<Mj>i >rTi]ir|i ut niflbi^ wbith. 
M* I hnur from Mr. Staintrii:, dn not hal>it;iallY PX|Ktf(f tbr* 
iiiulcr surface of thr-ir «'m£^ tr> fult view, we fjnd this «id€ 
ix'ry ninrly t.'(>ti>tirv(l vilb ii bri}jb1hra!< irrt'iitrr than, itr evt-n 
tqiinl tu, thai of (In^ upppr *idr, Snmo txcppti&nfl to lb# 
nile, eiilivr n^al or appareol, nnist lj« n^tJord. a» 1l»c caa^ 
5f EJ J |ii>|>yn.^* Mr. TnToen infornia me that in tinen^'A 

V'\. [/ |> SW^* >4iv>A auTiirUvL *l till* 
rwir. OiiiliipnlaUvciifiiUft'ir.liimLi] 

pl^. MS uvl m:«l« llirTA'Tii4(lH 
■A iU Imvci* af N4« Kiiclu»U' 1M3. 
J, Tit 

»fiiir|i «Ultar«iKM tHlVHli iJll 

Wf p*f Bill Itmipf njrUBT* fpT th^ Mda 
of Bawrvl ifMcin i*f rniiil*" intjf w 
w+n Ji> ihi^ Iii4ij1ir\jl i^aThi tn Mr 
Wiillm^ ' Mr ir "ii Om rii'ilLH^nWlB 

liniH ]>iiLlt ^Mwiij,* v.^l, MV |ierC t 

it. XL 

uvTTmtyuh:s xsu iioras. 


irrctt tt^rk, Ihri-v uioIIje on* ^tm-d, in w|ii<'li th« tinclcr nur- 
fttce lA rutidt lilt im^tt lirillJALl. For iikptil^ev. ili ihe Axtn^ 
trnliiLii <;usifhJ|tJior£L \\u^ upper mirfltv of ittr ton^w'wg h 
pnk t£T^yi^]iiK-hrrou«, ^hilr lli<< lowi-r vtirfitru i:^ inut^DJti- 
c^ntljr orDAiueuU^l liy un u^tIIub vt culuJi-Uui'. t>]!ti:eil in 
the ituiUt '>r a LIflfb umrL. tiiirrunniit-^d liy oniii^'-j^'lluiVt 
»nd IhJJi by hJuUhwU^k-. lUii thr hiitilp of 1ht^Q|' thrcr 
molhfa aro ur^lirhntn: m> llwt Tto i*ic|ilHiia1ii>ii mu U- i^'ntii 
of Ihtfir UMiuauI aiy\e oi ciJountig. Mf^ TrmtvU also jQ' 
fomu mc ihat Iht lowi-r surfoo' of thr win^j in vcrlflin 
otli^r Ci»>f)iMetrft" " in*\ *\uni\n\\t\ Nfuhi* ftit' »"illu'r iiic»rr 
vari4')-alt'd ur inoro liri<:Filly'tc1oiin.'tl tbtui Uiv uj^pcr eur 
face; hut 5ornc of thr>c >jrvcit^ hnvr tlif hAl>^t of ^^ holding 
thmr witi^ .jtiito i>fi*i-l nvor ilicir (tHik>^, Tvininin^ them 
m this txwttiou for a ^nftidorubl<r timt*. ' and thun cipuMUg 
th? Uiiifi'T ytirfnt't- lu \\t^. (lUirt :i|ii-c-jivs. q^h<-n u^llkd on 
th? ^outiH nr hprbfl^p, ttriw nvtd lh<*n Hiuldi>nly and i^li^htly 
lift uj> ihc'ir viiifi. Ihime Ihi- Iouxt riurfa^v 4>f Iht- wm^ 
beiii^ liii^hti^r Ihnti Mir U|ijht' nurf^iLi^ in n-rt^iu iii-iilttt i» 
not ^i> Hnfiiikuloiu afl it .it lirnt ApprAn, T^ii' Sitlurrii'lsp 
ini'ltlile w*mt of t[|t^ mint brivulrful of ull m-jtliH. Ilitir WiTlfC^ 
lirinf^ di-i-nniliHl. iw in mir (Iriti*h Hmp^nir mirf!i. willi fin*- 
oofllli; ftnd Mt. T. W. W'ocni " ^bsenrpft ihnl ih*?>" ivflonibW 
W.lL-rllii^ ill MJiLif "f iJa-ir minvmunt*; "^for intUncL*. In iLc- 
gmllt- ubvin^ up inid dmvn nf tUv uin^* im if f«ir iliwplny. 
which ie more cimnictmetic cif diurnal th&n of tot^nrnnl 

ft it rt *inpHkr UwX lh»L rio nrilivh nioUis nhwh uro 
hrilliAuIly cidHtinvil, and, o* far a* I ran diPn^^T^r, Imrdly 
a:iy fnmj^n Hjircir?. iliffrr ttiuch iu ruTnur UL'tirrdini; 1o m*x; 
thr>i:^h IhU JF t}]0 c'ltiv iritli many brilliUDI buitorlliciL Th^ 
malf. lioivfrVir, 'jf une Amchi-nTi nriHi, Ihr *<o/wrnitf /u, 
it d^fn^Jul U.H hiiTiii;^ it^ fin'-uin^'x d^^e^i yelhiw, rjriotBtjr 
markM with purplJFh-ivd f\ii^U: whiUt ihi* vin;^ of lli^ 
ftmal* aw pur jilr- brown, markr^l with irrcy linc^i^* The 
BriHih mnlhit vhn^h i^ilTiT »«i[a!ly in oi>lour are all hrcum, 
or of rahoti^ dfiTI yHb'W lints, or niMrTy wjiiu-^ In ffiMvml 
speciv^ \hv Miuk> nrt- iiuitli dHiker [liari the frmalc^***^ iind 

Dfv *rrltii^ vid, t, |>1. hv iimt ««l, 
» ' FVw- Eut. Hm. of Ijh>Ami; .lirfif 

■>|]i.vrik 'TrHllMv* *e,n11i«l t* 

fMf f«iBtltf In the I^nw^fVfTV^ 
fhlrtiUfjf /KrfAfur^ itff^^^^ii >ii^ 

Jifffr>H« 111 <<-il<M]r 1riiLw'<t) th« tii^< 
WbUbiv lhfLirtii> mi- iIliI "tic Iiip.' 







theflO bdon^ tn ^ou]>b whirh j^mvmlLy Hy abtrnt <3uriitg tbn 
ufli?riioi>u. On ibtf uthvr ]iAud> in many ^<-ncrft, (ti^ Sir. 
Stairitmi inforiiiii iiif« the mn\fi^ hn^v tlii' hjui]-wiii^ H'liiler 
than thn^n ^f thn fctmAlo— of whicli fart .^f/ro/m ^jtiama' 
liimi& oifvTt^ a u^jod instance, lu tJio (llKif<t Moth (// r/^niuA 
ArirnjJt) the di]T(]>ri'noe i« more ilron^ly marked: t\w iTiflli?4 
tiring; whiU'. ami the fcmal™ yellow ^^ith durti^r iimrkiiiji*,'" 
It lb |/ruWItlo that In i\ni^ VAi^b th<- iujiIlt; aiv lliu« rrn- 
(h'lx'J riiurL« ooii-ipi(^uoue> and more «a£i1y *e«ii by the foctales 
whiUt llyint; nb^iiil in the 4liuk- 

Pnmi ihp ttt^vral forc^oinj^ fsH* it in ir[i|in*>Hilr- In ndrnit 
th^t th^ hriliiJint colours of bnElerllie^. and oi 6Ctm& iev 
mothfi. hiiVL* roinmonly Xmvn aci^uin.-'l for llit sale* of jvo- 
r<"rliiin. Wi' h»tv n>i>n thni tlicir L'c>1i>i]r> ntu] iTk'^nnt [inI* 
Urns ari< nrrani-ecl and cihtbitE^d 88 if for diKpLay- JI«nc« 
I nm W fo lhOii.-\'(- thnt ihr frmttli-p prt-fir or ari^ mtwt vx- 
('tl«l hy thi* mnrr hnlKiml mntM;; for mi any i>[hi»r iujijuiai- 
Uon Ihc moh'5 would, a* far a^ wc car ppc, Ik* "rnflin^-nrwl to 
no \nir\Kin.'. \Vt' kmm that iinU and l-itIaiii Lniiidljiiom 
[M*:-tN'K an* ri»|i»hU' nf fi-flinj; a» attui-lum-iil for viuh utIkt, 
aiui thai anu ivcupni&c tL«ir fcllon^ after iia inUrvnl of 
Bcv^-ral Hiuiith". Ilein-v tlxerv tn iiu whMtaL't tin proLabi Illy 
iu lla- LvpiiJuptcnK which probfibly tiand m-arly or (juite 
BH high in Ibc h^I^ a» llwtK ins<scU, liavin^' nillicirnt mental 
i.'a|iniiiy to adiair^ bright eoTnure. Thfy. rcrlainly diAcover 
t1ov'i>r« by colour. Thi' lluinmin^-hird Sphinx inny oftan 
\x. M^n to »woo[> down from a diMaiiff i>n a bunch of 
fliittp™ In the jMm t>i gn-vn fol'tn^'; and T Imiir Wmi a*- 
mrM by twf* |H>Tvimrt aluMud, Ihul Ihct*^ mothj: rrprairtlly 
viflii flowoin jmiriW on tho walU of a rwim, aTi*! rainly 
rTijUnviiiir t" ins*»Tt Thfir [irobovJA into Hi*>m. Frill M*ill**r 
irifoniift in* that -k-'Verul ktndn of butUrllitp* in S, Hrii:eil 
^h^H ail iiiimiatnkulilr jtn'fripm*!' for ciTt>iin inloiirtt orrf 
othi'rs: he oiji^^rv^d that tboy xery often viallod lb*> brilliant 

pfei««(iv* ibiadi:rj naOtiQil lo oatt 

am wlli JiatHJ^r U m^ra Fully 
iliittl. Tho whliic [^ft[o of tU4i 

vLitiliAiBwItiliD, vid Sir. hlimituituU- 
HTVeJ Itwl Ui» laUcf iDcitli HIV n> 

•<»itf }*"wg airkflji^ *-|iic4i Vfiv 
fend of *cmi|f iihi'r miiili* 1 w iIibi If 

% I) II I (] •*<«(» NUf ifovriomL. Aikl fl» 

■■ h U wciprkft^k. Uikit ill Uie ah<t- 
ilu«Lfttl ot tUSariaa BMtJy Trjiii tim 

'Tfiiipa/L Eni- Sov.' tu\. ii. )3il«, v 

lur^; April 1>T). p. t-^vi thkt bL ihit 
■n uf thb jmr vhfii tlu^ nliLMr- 

miHk tpfwan lii lUfmi* r^i.HLfrn 

vj^LMo la the niiiAld Id tliafvUlgbt 


Cau- JCi. 

BrTTEnruEs aku moths. 

rrj llo«k<rT [kf live or nix ^(inicm nf pUnti, bul never the 
whitp or ivllou' tiowcrriog (|>i»m'f^ of tht* fuini* nml <tih»T 
^fi4.'ra, (TTtj^iJi^ in 1h(^ vauie luutdon; Aud i hjivc r^'coivi'd 

otlU'i' iiiiiiMllfA in If»» MIMH' rffi'i'l. A» 1 hvUT fluin Mr. 
l>(tLiS>lixfiiy, Iht* i^uiiimon vfiitv ImltL^rHy often ^'wt dowfi 
tu 4 Ijit <jf )JZi[ivT otk ilie ;:r^i]Jifl. no liuutit iniqiukm^ it firr 

Ihp diltiiTiiliy jn n>llecting <vf1ttii) ljiitt*rfii(ip in Ihc Mahiy 
Anki|n-l^o. tftttttQ Ihut ""a dvttd i4fK-tim*rn pmned ujmju 
a LVHikpii-uoiu tvig will »ruu MrrtM nn iii^ih:! of i\iv vnmi- 
Tfivcir* in lU hi^A[nk>i>|£ ^i;:ht. nnti hrin^ tt down irjthin 
t%*y um.h uf till' ott. vB^fciulIj If i( hv at Uk- upjiutite »f;i/' 

TVic courtship iif liiiEltTtFiifi it, Jt^ liffon- rcTiiurkc^, it 
pt»loR|rrd AfTmr. Thi* tnnU^ somctimt>A ti^'hl l'>|]^^ttKT in 
rivalry: arjd niuny iiitij be h^ii pur^uin^ or cruAdijk^ rourii) 
Iho ULJut.' feiiiali.'. rTilt-u. ttu'ii. ihe triiiiiii-s pvL'tvr out* mulu 
to Mfiivtlirr, the* fUkiriii^ ntu^l l>c Ivft (n nirrr <linn(70| and 
tlii» ilir^ not ji{^iJFUi prubdMi-'. If. tfii tlif ullier liuuU. tlie 
femalfs hatitluully. or ^wa oi:cbti>jim\\y. pr^ivT tiic ttrniv 
bmuliful mnto^, Ihc col^ui'ii nl iUc Intlor will have hctrn 
pfnflc^ti iirijjiijrr hj ilf^'ri<H?s ai"] will liflit lir-i-n irwnS' 
mittKf |4^ b<]tl] H'M'M or ti> onv hcx. aL't^^rdin;; lo tiiv Uw of 
inlicritanL-i.- wl^iuJi Ka» prrToikd, Thr firoc-'M cif Mxual 
»olecttoii u«l1 IiA\i' >>i^ii iijurh fartliiaTnl. if llic 1.011 dun ion 
win Ik- IruHii-d. urnt-^^il xit frnm viirn-iiis kind* of i^vidvncv 
in the Hiipjilrmrrl to tlLr ninth LltA|iEt-r: namelv. thai tlif 
malM of aiaii5< l>.'f>ido]ilt?ni. nt k^Mi in the imagu tflatc^ 
jp^*jitiy eiCiH-d Ihi* foniiikfl in namhi^r, 

$i>iu« fadfi, liuwtrvrr, art* op|iu»ei) lij the belief that 
fonij^lo bLitlvrlliofc pr^f^r tlw more bi-aulifiil nialoa: thus, 
a* I Uflv* heoii jtunirisl hy wvrriil rr^ll^'Horr, fivsh fi'mnlos 
mtT frt^qutnlU bceivn piiiri'd wilh Ijutt^rei). fudtd. or dine^' 
lal^; bnl thid 14 ni eirouijittiinov uLioh q(mU\ hjirdly fail 
iftcn Ifl follow from thr mnh^ t^tnert^ng from tlicir incnons 
nrtii?r ihsn tbt femalt**. With iiiirlliH of \hf furnilv cif tlir 
Bonibyddflo. Ilio iox«6 |>ftiT iiuuiedtat«h' aftor asavimin<- Xhe 
imnfio slate: for iWy (»nnot fr<<l, fnvin^ to tht rndimcntnry 
cotidition f<f tbt^ir nmnlhh. Tin.- fi^mnb^H, ^is x^^rnil rrti.- 
I&uloj*]£t4 baro rc'Ujarkod to itio. lii^ iii an ^lirvM Icir^iid 
fttfifc, and appT-ar rot to prinec thr l^^t rhc>ii]i' in rt"i^ard 
tn thpir jwirtnfTfi. Thi* (* thf €-sff wjth Iho rormnon nilk- 
mAlli (/f. fMUTit, nfi I hav^ tif>oii tuld by ftonie continental 
Uid Eiiitlinb J>rvi;ilvr*^ I>r^ Wallace, irlio ban had ktva^ <^3(' 

- hhmbia «tf ■ KMunlitt b Uw CbicwH dvw,' IMtt, p. le& 




TQK li&«K\T OF WAN". 


pffrliftii'v in lirmlmic Homhyx rjftilhia, at i^tnTint^^} thftt Uu 
ti-ttialrf^ ovitjt* no i'h'>io<t or pivf4'rvTicL\ lU' ha^ k**)>l abov< 
^00 uf llii^M- uiulljt tu^'cllirf, unU haa ufttrii fuutkiJ the uumI 
vipunmn fiMuali-* iimieU with wlunft^i rimk*. Tlw rtro] 
(l[ifif-iirrt t'j occur iv^ldoni; for, lui In- Jx'licvfs. the niort vigiir- 
uua [iiult>< )/Uf» Li^irr \\iv v>vitk\y ftiiihlea, nuil art ullnu1(<[l 
by clhiyi' t'liJowoJ *ith inu%t ^ilalilj'. Nt-vt^rlhrlon^ Ui«^ 
l:(niMlij< ijitr, thoii^li clrii<iiri.'h colLiurcdr ari* ofUn bvault-V 
ful l'> our «^(« (v'tm t1i*'tr i^W^'siit and mulllHl ^haJed. 

I Imve u vtrl only reftrred l4j lliu Mjiot-icti in vhicli tli* 
niiilLT nn- bri/htcT colouivd than the f^niolce, and I \\»vc 
HflnliiitMl Ih^ir iK^inity lo llii- Miiule'^ firr iitaiiy |zeDvra- 
tii>iifi having cho^i^^n and iminnl with Ilit more attrftctivi* 
nmliit, IM convrrsc ra^c^ urrur, though rarely^ m which 
thf fi-muUt HI*' njorr hnlliwiil than ihe males; snd h^r», 
BA I l>ehov4<. Ihi' riidlot^ huvi' hIl'cI'aI Ihf mort^ U'aiililul 
friuale-}^ niid hjn« Ihii* jJoiik mMtil tn thnr Wauty. We 
dn not kiiLiu' why m raHouti clnsjicA of anima1»j Ihn mnU^fl 
ef some r«<M^ frjioeioB hflv<? eeli'^U'U Iht* mot« bi^auitful ft-maic^ 

iiv-te»j| ut hni'ili^r K^lj nt'crplin! nMV fi'Minlt*, Aa nriil^ In 

hti Ihv ^norul nik in tht? niiimAl kin^om; but if, ciintnary 
to whal ^ncraUy i>cciir& *ilh tht Ue|jidon(cni, the feixuitco 
were mui'li mi>rtr ouiiHinnis llijui Uk- miih'». Ihi- !nr(iT v»ultl 
hi-: hkely to pick out thi? more Ih^aiitiful rtriimlut, Mr.l 
Bvitkr fthowed riif ituvoral H|>ei:i(« at C^]Vidrytt& in Hit- Until 
Mnyttim, in «oiiio of vhirli tht^ fcriLuh-K tHjuallfd. and h 
n1ht>rp^ ^'Uttv lurpai^od thi- mn1<» in beauty; for th« tv^i 
futdeH uUiJH' fcHVt- ihe bartkrfe of their wines «iifTuK'd with , 
enTii«>n und urari}^, and r^jnttW Vk\ih Mai.l{. Th^ plsiner 
malc-fi of thosr 6|>ccieii clrirtHj r^tionhlc uich oiher* Bhcwiog,^ 
that hvie thv ft^tiah-^ liaK^- l^ccn modified; nJiciroA iri th< 
(tuM*i^ u'heri? t\x\j mali-* 4ri> ihi? nior^ ornat«. i1 la Ih^ae whli 
iiarr hi*fn modKinl, the rrmali-^ rcmrtinin;! tlfW^lT alike. ^ 
Tn rML^'Iniid we hav* tnmv nnnlo^onn cji^tk, thcmnh nol 
t#o marki-^h 'J'htf feinalo0 ftlonc cf two Bpec'ii?^ of Th^cU have 
A hripliljiuri'li' or crnnjic prtlch on jWir fur*-wiu(rn, lo 
T1i|i|L»rrliiA fm* -ij<v**< dn ml liir'i'r miu h ; hui il h Mtf fi-TrmUi 
frf //. ;uniV>f wliich hUf^ A c'>&f|>ieuou» li^hl-hrowt patch c» 
her win^; und thr fi'mnlrii of irime of tho **lht.T e^pi-Tii^a are; 
hrftfliter cnlourci] rhAn llhir mali^i^- A^hi. lh<< rc-EruiEvFi n1 
f'i>/^iu nJf;j<ti And A'/ci/ff havo ^' oran^' ur yellow »;xdU on thi 
hljicJi inarciniit bunlcr, re-piYwrnti^ii in the RialeH unlj bj 
thin Ginnk-;" nnd in f^eris It in ihf* ftmnloi whii^h are 
urnami-ntiHl with hlack tjpr>ti4 on th« fon^wings, finfl thcM 
nrr nnl^' ]iiuliuUy iimc^nt in Lhc- riuite^." Kuw tlie malfis 

riur, XL 



of iii«ii]r butktfli™ (ITT knottu Id jciin|irir1 Ihc Tcmflle^ ^\ir- 
ing llietr inMrnujifr Ilij^Ul: Unt ut llii' ^jH^cit^ Jtml naJTierl 
it itf tht' foniuk'^ vrliidi fl(i|i)H>ri iIk- iivjIlk; t^ thul Iho finrt 
whii-h Ihc W'l wxrs I'Ihv in ivrrrMtlj ml if (heir n-lativc 
fH<«irtir. Thmtijrhftiil tl;r nnimiil kin^ilnin ihe tr«l^ cjm* 
m<rniy tukc Ihv ia<jiv ai'livo eihuiv in woLriii;,'.#TiEl liimr bwiuty 
iMvm*i to hflYo hnrti inc/tijtO Ijv llic* ft-m^ilo hn^in^ ao 
Cflpl^iJ Ihp morp alTmrtivc inriivirtiinlfl; hni wi!h Thfio but- 
tcrfliej, Ihi^ lemnlw iJike tii^ moro a<1ivt' fiotl in Iht IidbI 
rnarriai^v rrrvnitftij, wi that mc inur diippnw (linl llirj' liltr- 
nisp do fio in lhf> wonirp: amil ill IIlik nut> wo cari iind^ir- 
BU&d hov' il ia lliat iZi^t Ua\\: bet'D nihlenHi thi? iBurt' bfa^' 
liful- Mr Mrlif(>lH, fmm ulinin llii' fon-jjintTK "iHtfmi-nU 
hnw luvn lokin. sajt in i^onrlutifiti: " Thm]j;:h I iim nr»t 
couvimet) r>f ILi: ucli^'ii i>r ?*eAii;il KkiHion in prixli^ein^, 
llip ooloum r>f inMTl*. ii rsnnut Irv €k[iii.-il t^ai t)nv fai^U 
ftpv flnkin^tj ctrrohomtiix' of Mr l>ftrwjn> vivwgj*" 

Aa aexnal tH^luctkin ]>nm«nly ikjietidd oti vjiriahhly, A 
fr» nnrtlH mio»t W AjMr^t ■>» this Knhj*<-I. In rwprfi to 
<*o1otir th^'Tv ie no OJffioiiUy, fcr anj" niimlxT of [iij^ihlv \^a^i- 
«b|e l^piidopttfra couM Ijl- riAmtrd. (Int m>m! in-ilunLHr: \^ill 
tnHic*'. Mr. Bntn t.lii'U4^1 mr ci nliol*- wri™ 'jf fiiM'Cimpiis r»f 
Papain tkt^^trU iirwl /', chiUira'tt; \n \U- btU>r Hh* uiuIl*m 
taripd tiiudi in iLi' irxt'-nt of (hf bcAuljfulljf rmiiuplM 
gri^rii [«rdi on tlir ftirL--winj|c«. iiml in Ihif msv of Ihp vfJiite 
DiATk, Jiml of xX\t nplrnditt rriiiifton Mrijic on Iho Jiind- 
ii~iTi|;t<; 60 thul ikxvv^ H*. a ^rtat ('jnirtol mtifinpl Ilii- m*lt* 
bor««ec (he ino«l mirj thi- Wvt «ainly, Thr Tn-ilt* of PapiUn 
m»etMritt i£ miirh Ifw UiiTjrifiil Ihon tif P. f/iifiiremr: vJtA it 
likruW irtri*'fi a liJrlr in (lit* "It^ '>f tin- /jmn ptilch on Ihi- 
foT<^vin^, aoJ in thv (iccr»*i<vH.iI ji^)fhi'hriini!o nf thr PfiiHll 
tnnL-«jn s1ri|M* on Hh- hinJ-MiTLL't, l>«rri>Ht.^, as il wuulJ 
w^ni, fTi>Tn iU own fi^nial"-; fur thr fi'mnW *»f thi« arul of 
rrAtiy olh^T -^tvoci**^ in Uj*» .Knt^u fironp i^oem^wi thi« crim- 
B<»n slript- Jlrme bcfwrcn the l>ri^ht<«l #peciE&f-D« of A 
[»*wfri> jitkI llif dTill<«l of P. MlSrtnft, itit-pe wu but B 
iaII intort'u); acil it niu ividnU Ihat ha fur oi* mrrr vari^ 
ibility ia cnu<«nin1, t]i«rrp vni^fi] hi- n.^ iJilHr^iItT xn \ufn\ii' 
i^nOy iii4*n>a]3rng th(* hf^ntv of ^itbcr i^|xK'iai iy nuttni «f 
^Jortion Thu vnniilnlily h h^^rr >ilinnM ronSnri] to thfi 

■-»«««.* Aprtl ITUi, Iflrr. p.Ml fl«A liaa Ur ft WiWr. In « Natqrtt- 
IT'tt <tr rrvTi**.' 1417. r«. 7T. 'Vi (l»# '1-tr»*fDeH «r >i««n1 BiMifc buM«F 



mole eL*3[; b«t Ur Wollncir inr) Mr. XMftt liavn nbcwn '* 
tlut Ih4' frninir*^ uf A»ini" rtjK'cii-* lire c^Utim-ly viiiiAhlr, tlii» 
male^ bekDg n^rljr t-trntflftnt- iti a funu'i* vQuM«r 1 aliall 
hAvc occndiiin Ut itEicir thjil the lirjtiilirtil cyv-liKc i|H>u, or 
fK<<-l)u fimml mi Ihr viti^ iif TiiAny I^^tpitlnplirji, ntv i^rrii- 
n^ntly viu'iabk. J luay lic-r^ add lliAt Ui*>n^ occltj i>lfer a 
<U£nc'iiUy fm th^ tJiPorv f>f wiunl nrlpfUon; for though 
appi*iirin^ in lu An nrmrU'iilfil, ilir-j aiv iiovf-r |in-w>nl in 
on<^ ^^x end aWcT in tht' uthtr, nor df* llit'j tni^r iliQ^ 
much in Ihe two »t'.\ra."'* 'Vhi* fnct m at piv*eul luei* 
filkAlili*; Ixjt if il thotild hcrrflfif-r W f^und t^iAt tho fonoa- 
Iron of on occTliu is tiui^ If> mmic i-lidn;^' in ili'^ lit<^l<« of 
llic wlufB* 't'T ifirtUm'i?, mrurriiiy nl n \4'rj i^ilv jre-iiiBj at 
Uv Virtu pincnt^ VI* mi^lit vxjicct. ftom vhnX Vf krow nf tbo 
la^^ of iubcritttiic?. tlidt i1 wouM bi^ IraoMiitttcd In both 

HUVf. tfirjtij;li anting ;iiiil ^ifrriH-Ird lu tJiip wi atmie. 

On the w}u»]<\ ulEhciUKli nmnv «<nniif! oljcL'tiont may 
W urgwl, it scent* probflKlc lliai m"ftl i>f Ihe Vrilliantly- 
i-olour^ ft|it4'itH of lA'|Hd4t[ilf-rn irtto tli'rii ixdciiMb tii tu*\ual 
■c*K-e(LOii, vxtT|flmi: xu ci^tnin raam, piH-tt'iilly to \k tru-n- 
tioDctl, in utiii-ii coiU'piouoiih coti^ui^ liave W-u ^'ftiu^Hl 
lhn>ii^ mimicf} a* a |nt>U*ttit>n, Fitim IIi*- urtjour of Utj* 
rnnl^ throughout (he nnininl kinf^loni, Ik h ^ncnilly will- 
ing iti ftrtv^A MTtjk' f'-malr; hiid r1 ib lliv frinult^ nluVli llaumTIj 
fixcru 4 choii'ff- ltc«ncr» if iwxtml M-l<c1irkn Hha hrtn ilficivnl 
wi(h lli« LopidoyiU'rn. iLe cifllf?„ m lit-n (lir erx'^s dilter. oti^rhl 
lu lie l)>r mitrt' linlTrarilly coEoiirifl. uiu) flii>i iiT!ili>iil>[r^lli, lii 
Hic rjiw. When Wh APKO-.i arc liriMujntly eolijurrd nnil n*- 
KTuhli^ oflch (rflnT. Ihe cIiarAd«n< ftci)niri.^l bj the wuht 
np|>o«r to have lie<^rt tTaDfimiu«d lo bolli. W« nr^* M 1o 
thiK (iinduajfui hy ch««, m:pii within thi' Himi^ ;il'[iuj, o! 
;j:r»iUlion fr*"»in hh r^traordinnry Jinioiinl of liiircrf^nExr lo 
iftmlfty in colour bolvi<c*n the Iwn «cTm. 

Jlui il may lip a^ked whether (h* diff^-n-nce* in i^loivr 
lirtw<*f*n i\w ^\n may ntti lu- m-rmjntrd for \iy ntlirr iimn* 
t'li^ithi' f«xiia1 (oWiiotL Thcc lite noaJet and f^mnlt^ nf 
(h*' WiDie tffWes nS hnittifiy arc in Mitral «*» kmwn" 
In inhflbit Hitftfiyiit Malinm, Ih^ former nominnnly IniKkin^ 

"ITalU'ii MntlifrnrUiuPiNl^nfihi' ■ Mr. B>ti> wm h> T ..■ 
llftUiHii K'tfjr'n* in 'TpviBvl- Men T'll* iijli^'it iMfr^n- rbt * 
^w." *n| txv. HiiA.r<|i-'*^}lL AfcWl- S-^K*, iinl T Im^ n- • 

Piv1ir-I fftuiii wfWiiHK. k rim h^ xti. VT, Btfn. 'Tlir NNbiiI^C m 

H»r W4l1s«t- •*** *!•• Hi Bit-*. In 'S* Ai<4Hp*.' *•* >« I**** p 'Jft'. A. 

' f>af. KUamleg. S«* .'(»v. ItU. K. Wftlbi-. in ' Tn.M»L Uba. &«&' 

IMA, ^ it tol. uv. >e*K h 10^ 



Ckir< XL 



in tbff «ciii£liiii^, the latter hauntiitf: i;l<H>mv foTtat». It i« 
tbcrtforr ^iiiviibJe tl»t difTt^mil roiKfitinr* iif lifi* mmy bsve 
fti-trd HiniTily cin llir Inn tpx<^; hiil thii; ia tioI probable" 
ta in ttio fidull ^aic thf v arc cipoMii to dilTcrt<i3T tx^niiitinnn 
tlurm;: * ti-rv filiml [n-n^nl; ■!!(! Ihi^ Urvn' of liolh nn* pi- 
^in^J (« iliv (amv cciDdilinmi, Mr \V«llftoo bekiovev thai 
tiio ^Ijffcrtncc b(lTF<cn Ihc 8t^3i(:« it not ao mtic^ 1o th« 
nuU% luririf bmi tiuKhlu-f?. ;ut lo Ilir fi'tiiAli^t bnviitg in 
«ll <ir nimott nU cttfint ucquirrcl 4I11U coloun for th«< «ake of 
protfiftioii. It «cc3n» to ait, t)n tbr Cunlrarv. far xtmrr 
jrfTittfble llint il >?( ihe rrialea vrbieh fm«i^ tifvn chic-fly mwlU 
Eini Uimu^h n^xual tvlvction^ iUr, ftrmiiTw hniin^ bi>cTi cnn- 
IHimUrolT liUk chan^ri.'d. Wv <«ti ihus unijimtaii<l how \i 
n that lli^ feriiiilev of Jtllicnl !t|ii-<ji-)t ^(^rlITll!]J rrM'iriTtU- onv 
Mnolh«-r to much mou' cloncly thnn do lh« rnakt. Th^^y 
tJiiv^linr u* Ap)pri>xijtiatcl> the t'lijnunlrdl iTilimriii^ of liii' 
|iHrpni-«[>ivi(« of rhi? pioxjj* tci uliidi they Ih^Ioii^v Thoj 
hiivtr. iiowirwr, nhrio^l Jtlwri^'n bt-m fiomcwhnl moHificii by 
iUr Irnrr^J'cr to tlieni uf btiuie uf Uiv euct^'tititi' ttiimtiuftf, 
ihrotifzh thf a<t:iinin]aiioii of irhi<'h tbo iiiiittv ^vv^t.■ rurttlcrc-d 
bcivutifur lint i do not v'lth to deny that tlic fr-mnkA nhnc 
irf wnnr jtpcci*^ nui> baie bi'^n HiH-oially rnTuKfifd f »r |»ri>(ec- 
tiMi. In tiiott cuMD Lhv iTiiilt-k anil rt^iualiH t^f diulim-i i|>is 
dtv iriil bnvo Ixrti vxp(t^il duritix tbrir i>rr>lnrt^rd Urval 
fiUle Ift ibfT'^rent i.'i>f>c1ilKinfi, ami may havi- l>e(*n tlms af- 
r««t«<t: lh'>i]j;'b ii'iFli iIk' Tii»b*v uuy dti^hl chjin^ri' of i.'>^lour 
thiiK (-iiiiTU't} nill ^^cnrralfy linvr ficcri inji^krd by tbr brilliant 
tints paifiPti Ihmngh kptitjiI wWlion. Whm VKt- trrnt of 
Birtl8, 1 dhall hnvc Itv JieMUFf^ Uti whole qticiliDD, ae 1t> bviw 
far Ibc iliffcrcnc*"* in (olonr Wtwrc-n thi? i^jse* an^ *iitv to 
Ibp msilra having been modified tbrmi^b u'lnal u^loriinti for 
'H'luni^tital |iur|if>M«, or to tHo frrnmlcd bavm^ bc^n modi> 
ftivJ tbroiiEb ntlurnl •i'l<'4'Hoti for tliu nakr of protection, 
u) ih>t I will h?ri* tuv bnt lilfk on thr KnhjM- 

In oil Ihv <.ntif9 ill wlii^'Ji thtr m<jrv t*.^ninon form nf <^nnl 
inln-ritani?i? by lirrfli »r;ir=« )"i.i |itrinikil, il^ bcKtUoo uf 
lihubt-prtlourpd iFinlofl would l^nd tr> nidki' tin- fi'nniTf>it 
bn;;ht-r^v|"urod: nml tbr si'lw."(]on of dwll-ooloHrrd fomnlos 
ttiiiiT<1 trmt In ninkr Hip iTlliInt dull. If IhiIIj |irrii'f»rtifi W^'te 
<iarri<yl nn striiiiltiinoovifilv, tboy would tt»nd lo ei>tiiili>rai.'l 
Mcb r)<b«^T: and Ib^ final rctmlt w<>uld dqurnd on wbrtlit-r 
a fln-aliT [lUtriU-r of fi-nitiU-s fnun ln-iii^' \^A\ f>ri>tfC'lfd b> 
ohflrtM* cnjniir*, <ir n ^n*t*-nt<>r numbt-r of uiaW by beinj; 

V On iJtW if|i'«lo "Lj1-J<rl h^ * Thf nndrr TV>in»dc«t]Wi/ 189a, vol. Ei 



Pait 1L 

In i^rilOT to acci>[iiil l<ir 1h-- fry^ucDt tranamieBioD of 
rIinnii--U*ni k ontf arx ttltJUi-, Mr. WhUaitc ex|in?a»vH hiw Lwlief 
Ihil the more tommon tnntx at «]unl Tnhi»ritaiic« by boUi 
£cxv6 oan In* chAn^fccI Ihrunch ntJtiirAl f^clL^ctioD into liv- 
limliiM^'c hy oUtf ses iil"j|ic, buL in favuur uf tliu ticit 1 
(^flii diHuivcr uo evtdi-iKv. IVc kiio* from vrlml (>cirur* 
UDckr iJomtttlicfttioii tfmt new characl^r* often Appear, which 
frnii thf ^rat nn^ [ruTi^milleil di one >e\ flhiiie; uhd hy (he 
Fekrtion of »ijeh varulinriK Ihei^ wouli) not be llio tli^'bt- 
eit tlif1&cuJI> in fivin^ briidit i-oloiir* to tlie umIca ftionc. 
and nl the Mimo tim^ nr Hiil]>ui(]Tieiii.]v, fliitl colniirs to the 
fcmikii9i aloiiLV In thi« njuunt-r th^* feJUAlot ot (>>riK- butter 
flic* aniJ inottte have, it if j>ml>iiljle, b«D wiilcroti incoD- 
gplcuoua for the take of proteelion^ and widaly dilT«ren1 
from tlicir nialcti. 

I iLiii, Ixmetrr, unwilling; withmit ilinlinrt rvi'limcr tn 
adDiit that mo eoLiijilen ]>roe*?rWi4 of i-cledinn. njteh reqiiir- 
in^ Uir Iratiftfirfmcc of ow ihnnKttm lo oiw* u-i al"iiii, 
hatT Ihtti rHrTi<"<l tm w ilh a iiinlthutU' of nfK-i-iei, — thwi Ihe 
nmk'B have beon Tendered more brilljniit Sy hestinp ihoir 
riYiJii, iind tlif! female* nmrc dull'Co!**ured by having uw^afHM} 
fmm lUiir cHi'mi™. The mnU\ for iTi4iinti% of the i^cimmon 
bniiistonc butterfly (G<»iiepti.>rv\), w of a far more intcnao 
ydlow thtm t)Lt fvinule, thou^^h ahv in equally l:lltl.^|litlLuu»; 
ani^ il rloi4 ncif leem prohcihle thRt j^hr f^priully ac^qiiircid 
her fiale tmU fi» a pri^tct-tii^n, thoug:h it ia probable thai 
(hir mttle atijtMtid hts bii^hl i*(doui'& a* « M<xual uttrai^tinn. 
The feiEiiilL* L>f JiiMorAdnji for/fdminix tiws not pc»4iM<a« tlui 
beautifitl oranjL'< win^-tipe of the nialv; iuii»«4iiviitly ali« 
i'loKt'ly rt-M<iiib)tip Hit' ^hitr^ butli-rllitv (f'ienv) lo eoaimmi in 
our jEnrclcrnn; bnt we haver no cvitk^ncr that thie n?t^mblaiwa 
is lieneQc-ial to her As, on tbo ether hand, nltt* n^eiDblea 
both t4.'\vn ot Etetrrral olh<<r K[WM7ieK i^f the j^nui inhaU- 
itin;: niriourt *(iiartor» of the urorld, Jt \fi pMbiilde Ihal 
«hc baff ]<iinp]y retained to a Ur^e CAtcnt her piJmoididl 

riTinlly, an we have Mvn, vanon* coiuidcrntii^nis lead 
to llti' nnrchiMiifk thai i«ilh thi' tETVAlfT nutiibrr of liritlinnllv' 
eolourv*! Li.'pKlo^it^fa il is the tiiiile which hai Ijl-l^ii L^hieny 
modilicd throujfh r^^mnl K^h-cLion; the nmnnnl of ilitTrrv^ncc 
belir«*Ti llif »'!«« miwtly ilepPoclinR on iht^ form [*f inherf- 
taneo whicb liaa prvtaiUvl. Inhertlarec is iroTprned by %G 
many nnknovn lavs or cotiditiona, that it at^rn* to u» tu 

UP. Xh 



ftcc in ft corrieiout^ mannrr; " 4imI vv <'as\ thn4, U> fi certain 
Client. umWrsUn*! ht»* it it* Ibol witli cI(JBel;r alliei sjjefk-ft 
thtf iH'x» rjlh4^r dilT^r (o mi usiloiiiihiii^ d^'^ree, or urc 
Hcnticiii in colour. A:i nil ihr- Kiii-rovivr #to|w in thr prnrnia, 
i>r vArinliuii art iif(r?tMiriI^v Iruiisuiinod lliiuii^'li iLo f(.'][iuli^' 
ttvr Of Im* iiiimlHT u( feiith sU |n iiiiffht n^Diiilv Wconio 
loped in \\<:V, itnii tjiirn wr inn uifLlvrvLmcl Ihi: trt'i|ficiit 
gmlatiniL^ fmni un vxlivnn? 'iilTenTrr in mirp at hII W-- 
twotn tli«r vex^ oi Alli&l i-^iea. Thi'tv itiset i>f j;;rada!kun, 
i1 miij hr uldcd, Are ntarh loo cnmmcrn to fftrour tlir nu|i- 
|KMtion thut nv h<»iv m-*- frmAlti^ luUiitHy ijnil4'r);cvpm;u Ihp 
pPDUM of Iraniition aoJ I'jain^^ thetr bni^htnen^ lur III^ 
Hkr of protriiliou; for wr Kmr cvtrv reasiiii ta wmcluiifl 
llinT At ATiy oTif lim(> thr grrnliT rumhi^r of hjirxii^ii nn- in u 
lined uondiiKin. 

Mimirry. — Tliin pHm-ipli* wiu fiml nnr?*' Hmr in 
ftdniiriil>K< pnfvr h\ Mr. IJaIi^,^ u'Ivj tlum llircu' a l]oi>d oi 
lijflU 'HI niiMiy r^lw^rr |>fii}iN'(n?v. It liad |in-v«mi-l_v Wph 
oWn^'ii tlijil ci^rUin huUurllicv in K. Amiiric-a brl'iry^inj; 
to i[tLiu ditflinci rAiLiilk-i^, r^^^-niMcd the Ilolicuittda' t*n 
riarrly iu vwty [■IfiiP* nml sliaidi' of ™liiur. Uml Uivv I'uiiM 
not ho di«tinffui>ihcil •uirc* by an cJcpiTrknci'd ii-ritotni^lu^ul. 
Aa thv llL-Tiiimidu.- are cokiurrd in Uieir Mf\ia\ viautirr. wliUnt 
lb(" iilJHT* '1r[iurl from th** iihihI rMoiinn;; *\t th*' jfT""!** 
to mhich lh**y Won;-, jI i^ tk^r Ihftt lln? UU<:t aiv llw ii«i- 

Mlrnn. ai>d Ihr lltflriiiiiibi' (lif iuBltnlfil, Mr RhIivi furlliirr 
iihM-rT4-(I lh»t flu* iniitntm^ xpjx'i™ art t:<tm\ttiniivt\y 
vrhil(t tli^ iniiUt^l aUriimL and that tiK- twxi 6t\» \\\v mil 
kIhI itjj^Uier, l-'nim Hit- turt of llii- HHii-iHiidie I>imi(5 lim*- 
irpicncuH ami hr^iiitjfnl jn^rpti;, >'H ^ numrrout in indi' 
viJuaU Atid aiiticiev> W ronchiiIc<l tbnt tbey mu^l \tc pro- 
(ivrlinl fn»m llii' aMiirk* f>r |4iii.-]iti(^ Lv Mimo r^rvn-IJon 
Dd<»ur': and Uijr conrlni ion bait non Vwa »mplv I'onlirnieiJ,' 
(■(■jn-eirtUt l»v Mr. DdK Ili.'ni.r' S\t. HjiIi> mf'Tfi-d IJiiU IV 
buUirflirt Hhr<li imilaio itit- pl'^^lG('^tH^ ■if'^i'^ haii> a<*»|nir»»d 
thi'ir present mtirvrlfoutlt dcccidnv apj^iwrnin-o through 
vaiittlinu and mttira] (-tlt-L-Lir^n. In ■.trdcrto lir iiii^Eik'/n for 
X\w f>rolL<i-t(K) kindfl. and !hi» to Noati^ henij: det'otintl. No 
t-ApJiinaticjn u Em^< iLttirtnptrd of Ihr hrillmnt <»loiirs of 
Ihc imllalFd. hut onljr of ilip imllflting hnllrrtlii**. Wr 
mtttf. account for tho oolonn of ih« former in th« same g^n- 

risnU imil't DiiiHli'Uirfi,' ml. iL 
('ll4f^ III. |^ IT. 

***Tpkiima. Linn, fi**' ml mUl 





Pimt n, 

chAptcr. Kinrp rhc^ yniMicTitJon •*( Mr, llali^^" fW[<cr, Aiiialai 
HiiiJ *H]«ally>lriiiii»^ i'ftcu Jiau' \m\'u iJifi-nt^l In' Mr. Wnl- 
bc« in ihe MaUyan rp^^ion. In' llr TriDien in Soiilh Africn, 
nnd hjr Mr, Rdry iii thr I'liitr-ii StiUr-.O' 

iDg how th« f\Ki ^U'fq IT) tlio prurew of mrmii-'ry cvtiM have 
\vetm ciTectcfl tUroii;;Fi tintiiml i^Mcftioi^ k mav be wHI tu 
rt^mnrk that lh<' f»rf«^^« pnljwhlv criinmeDCfd lon|; apt* be- 
tvtx.-n f<inrj^ not vid^^iv diMiimtar tii c^lcur In fhiv <n9c 

ono lijufirfi nifin- iiJn' Iho rjthpr; and nflerwanlfl Xhv JTikttiiloit 
apocrc* miphl Iw modified lo an i=(lrtme dentw i\tma^t 
w-xtta} n-W'lioti or cjt!ii-r tm'«r!*, Jiiicl if thr* chutt^'-v wrn* 
gractuAT, ihv imilnlorfi mighl i?8>Jth l>e M Along ifo MiTni< 
track, until tho-y dillerwl to an t-ftuully eJttromo S<j;r^^ frtun 
llieir Lingiiial (.'oiulitioii; luul Ihry woulrl thiiv iiltimnlHy 
iu(BUint> Mil u|>|ii'nrnnrt^ nr oolonrlnjr whrill^ nrliko Ihi^t of 
the rillicr incinbciB uf llio j;r»ju(j In nliicii tliey UIojijjotI, 
It tibouy aliki Ik' iv-[iirTri1ii<n'rl \\mix many d|iri:i(v of Tji|Milit]i- 
Utu iitv IIrIiIc to (onsiWi'mhlfl und iilirujtt vflrifttii>np iti (hjI- 
our. A few inMADL'i'A hti\r k^t-n f^ivi'ii in llii^ chaj^ttr; anij 
many more may be found lo Ibt' pa^wr* j>f Mr. Bato* aJ>d 
.Mr Wnllarc, 

H'jlh w^'pm] apociffi tlw sows arcr nlikf, drul miitale the 
Iwo M>x« uf anolher «[)i>ciiti. Bui Mr- TWtii<»d f^Lvt^ in \\\e 
paper alrt^rt'ly rcfrrrnil to, Ihrrc ciuwi* in wliich th^: fvii<4 of 
iht.' rniiTHir'] ftTEij <1iir»'r fitriii «>fli'li oflipr in rntntir, unil Ihi^ 
wxi*t<^f t.ZiU imrliitin-- form iltlf'^r in a like manner Sevo^l 

lAt<< hri1lianlly>oo1r>iirvil mihI prnii^j'tifl ■■[■■rji's, thn tiiEiIni 
n'tjiiEiiiif: 'Mho normal uiif-M'l a\ llii^ir iiiitiK'rliat-^ crjojf^n' 
(*rn/' It ill hrri* olm<mjt tlwt llio »«i'ifainc varinliuiiu by 
tvhi-rh the f«irAle hsf lioen ^morliflH h»vi^ txvn tmriKiniMnt 
lo hi-r alont. It it. however, prebaMi> Ihfti R>mo of tht* tniiny 
•iirr.'Mivr rarialiiru wnijlrl hivp Ih^'Ii Tiaiiimtttt'cl it; aim 
i!^-r>lo^xxl in, tho iit«l(« liH'i not Furh main btvii cliiTiiiLntml 
iy Win;: thus rrn^lLTfJ 1<?oh attraotivf lo Ihc f*'mn!oB; oci 
"^Ifciit <»nly nin«> rarintinns wvm pn-wprvnl whioh were fnnn 
tlie Hrvt strictly bmiUd in their trannntmon to IIk' funiale 

MIL. Triflun. ^tlTm TmuArt.' vol. iliKutH«Bil(hr<irv'-tkiHH wlVMiuv* 

CftAT, XL 



MX. We tiAvc a fiflrlial illustration of Iheee T«markB in a 
i^«tCFAirnL bj Mr I5H(;" Ihal (he irial^w of ionit^ of th« 
l>*I>lirtLiti%p vhtrli iinitJkta' prnrrrN^I K|irj'jp«» ulill Miii) in 
a ciWci*hK*d matiiH-r Kimc r^f their oritrinttl charact^T**. Tliufl 
in Ihr nwW " the ii|.ip*-r hall of Ititr U^ir wriifj i& of a i*ure 

whH^, wht]|t| nU ll»' tnut nf lln- will^!^* is linrn'rl WTiil niuiHi'd 

with bltLok, re^l an<1 vrllow, Itkfl th« ^ifK^^'lr^t ^l«<*5' loimir-, 
Thr fern;i1» have not L)m whir^ jiaUli. aixi iLc laalvi i.\»UA\\y 
cf^nc^Vixl it b_v cinvririfr il wilh liie ii^ijht wing, lo ihar ! 
cannot imaf-ino He btring of wf othrr tuo to tht^m thnn &» 
(in AilT&i]tii>n in fouH^liipp vhen thtjr exhibit it to tW f1^- 
niJilL'*^ oud thu* gratify Ihifir dei?j'-*i?iileri lu'cfureTK* for tin.' 
nonual colour of the Order to whidi tlic Lrptalicjt^ bi lon^/' 

Hright Colrmr^ <tf Cntfrpitkn. — Whiliil relltft'lini- *>n ihp 
bcoutT of many buttcrflto^, it oc<urTcii tc rar Ihftt w^mio rnii^r- 
pjllani ««»' n^ili^tiilirJIy iHtluurwl; ami d;* '^►.■\iihl M^U^i'liun 
cculd ni>f pomiM}' hJti- Ihtv mti^t^ il u|ijNain--d iubIi lu at- 
Iriliiitc tlir beauty of Ihc maKiro inwcl lo ihi* o^rDvy, unlcM 
The bright O'loiiTW of X\Mr larvjt eaiild be sucnehow ex- 
ji]aim<<L lu the firat pLaev, it uiuy )>c otwcrveii that Ihc 
cfilonrfi of cnt'^rpillar* do m>l iitand ir any dose corrctRtton 
With Ihoae of ihe ntature inM?ij<. ."k'coQdly, thoir liright 
colour? lio mit acvyv in nny orJinnry nmnntT jm a protcc- 
finii. Mr. Hiitrji iitfnnri* n\*\ n* mn iiwfjtmv fi lhi>. ihat 
Ihe xntt^X er»Ti8pic'uniir faliTpillar whieh hv E-ver bt-ln'W (iJiai 
'.»f a fN|>hinxl \i\fi\ (in Ihi' liir^*' trrcin Iravc* of n tr*'!' on 
Ihi' np*'" lliimu of South \iiLr'iirji; it van nhoiil fpinr inHK-A 
in l(*Uj:1h> 1nir^x<rM=<lv l.r:iniii.-tL with blaok ftn<l yt^ku', and 
with j\s hv6d^ b-w'r>- ant) IjaU nf n Hrifhl r«!^ Ilcfire il lAii^ht 
thr c-ye nf any niir uh" |ia»i4l hv, vxpn at Ihe HiKtaoce of 
monv rardfi, and no donbt Ihat of evo<ry paa^ni; hird^ 

I torn a]>|jlii.<tl lu Mr. Wallnct-, nlm han an innali* ^rniuv 
for »i^lvin>r difRculiu*. Afti^p anini^ ron^itTt^rflti^n h*> h>- 
plic-d: *' MoK (Aterpitlari? re'iuire prot«ti'.*n. aj» may U- 
inferivj fiom wjiiw LimU Jii'ifi;; ftiniinhM vvith *|iiti('* ixr 
irnliitins hurt, und froiii mnny Winp <*olnorot! ijrroT) likp 
the lenvf^ on uhich tht-v fred. or Ir-ih;; <uri<juhly !iki' ihe 
twigs of ihe rreefr md wiiich they jivr." AnnlhT insUrin' 
ij protection, funiiKhrd me by Mr J. Man^H Wralc, may 
t>c Added, naniely* that there i» a eal^rpillar of a uiolh 
which 1iic« on 1U« niirm»<i4 in 8ii4itli Afriea, ard fahruulutj 
for iladf a ctwe quite indUlin>ni»*hfthk from the liurrouni 





p«iT a 

ing tliorntf- Krnm »iich con«iftcratioiiii Mr. WaUiuv thoii|?ht 
it |>n)MJo dial (iriii»<|»injoiiA]jr mloiiri^] rntrniiltnrH «rrn 
prj^tfK-ied by having a nduitoojfl ta^lo: but as iWr ciktn 14 
i-xtri-uip]y tcndor. nod oe thvir inUvtiUM rvftdilv [irotriKip 
frttriE H iTnuri<l, h ftli^^ht \vpk fmm Iho Wnk of n 1iir<l would 
be as fatal to Ihem ns if Cb^v had hwn j^lf-vouriwl, JUtic^*, 
tut Mr. Wallnct; ri'umrlLN " ni-itafiU<lu]xii'»i nUmo voiild bu 
rtiMilTiriijii t>i firntrct n cnt*-r[)illnr unW-* »"iinr mitMjiril 
nii^i in'ijcotH k» il* wnij](]-|jf rii**trrHy<?r thwt iti: pn-v whr a 

\j*> hijihly AiKunliLf^'riuv in 11 i'hti'r|iilbr tit U' in^laiiluiii'' 
ouMy and crriAiiily ix^co^t^i^^ an utijialuULblc liy all Inrd^ 
and utliiT HDiiiiuK Tliufc tbL- itiot^t gAudy ciduurf would 
Ir* WTvic^bft, and mijfht have bmrn jinined by varihiion 
and tlio FumvHJ <)f the m^ cjivity r«(?0);aiBcd indtvid^ul^. 
Thin liy|»'itb*>l^«pj»'Ar*ft1 iirht fiirhl v*^ry brill, but whon 
it wuj* bmii^ybl byfun* ihv E^tomolriffk-al Society '• it was 
fiippnrtcd Ijv vnnnun fliilrmcnU; aud Mr J. Jcuripr Wior, 
wIjc) krejKt H lartri: numlHT of binls In on niimy, itiforni* 
11)0 t)ui be liufe nmdo ziiaiiy triali^. and llndg no ^xr^piinn 
ro the ndr, tliAt nil i^itcrpillnm nf uorttjnitti twid rvtinnc 
habits witb smixith skins, nil nf a grvpn i^ilonr. and nil 
whitb tinilatc twij^, ure j-rvinlily dL-vnur<?d by hii birda* 
Tlir bftiry nnd ^pintii^ kindK Arr irTnrinbly rrjc^rtrrl. iii» ffi'Ttr 
four eoiispif urtns]y-<x»lmnvd ^perie^, When Ibp birdh rv- 
J4xlcd a caUr|iillar, lh(?j plainly Bhf»«l, by sbukin;; their 
beails and cb'-nnHn^ their brnkh, itinl they wrrr <liri;;^■l|^I1-d 
bv the ta8l<>-'* Thr^e <^iiBpifnrinfl kindp nf cnlorpilUni jiiid 
irotbi wi^rr abo ptrn io rHime limnU aud fcxij^. by Mr. A. 
Bnth-r, mid vifu- njivlrd, Uiotijrb olbrr kiniLs wrrr i^h^itIj 
caleo. TTiiiJ Ibe pro^iflbibtv at Mr, WnllatNvV vinw in ci>n- 
firm<rd. naimdy. tb*l t^^^UlU (BUTpillani havi' bwn niftdfi 
f*ftti*pif'[jniit: fnr tbrirciwn i^^^\. t'> a* to li»' «™*ily fwi-i^iiinwl 
by tn^ir eneokiefi, on nraHy the famt* prinpipk that |H>ifaoiii 
are jiold in cobuiwd liotlWa by Jnif^giala lor Iho c-wd of 
mitn. Wo canno*, tiow*»verT al pivioni tliua mpluin Ow ol**' 
^aui dkvrrvily in the cnlonrt of many (caterpillars; but any 
apei'im wbli-b bad al Home ftinner period acquirrd a duil^ 
mi>tlli*<l, or fitn|MM app«jtn»oe. eilli^r in iraitntior of aur- 

wFi*^ Fi^inmnlAtf- t^tt-," Of. tvd. 

•■^n Mt. J i^mriti Wtir^ V4p*r 
ATI In*"^ K''! l^v^vW.ivMf-'iu Blfil*. ih 

'Tliiftt Ann 0*1 lUf ri'") ih^)4«ki»iH 

fl.^ ht tvi. VT.IItn «i4 M 11. 
-riinitV: MB -Zaalfv*4l HomM.' 
1649. |iL Ml. 

UP. XL St'MMAhY ON iNsKriH $83 

roiinilirt^ otijM^lii, or irmn [he ilinH-'t ainion of cliinnTi*, &f*,, 
almijfi LH-rUinly noiild uot l»<cnme unironii ui i^luiur, w1l«u 
i(4 KinU vcrc T<^nil('rvit inltriiH* and U'ight; for in onlc^r In 
L« a ii^TiTfiilhi* ni^Tvlv fxir>!)|.iioiikjU9« (lkon> v-nufi) 1m? no 
Lion in «iiy di^tinitc tlirrotion, 

liiick til Ihc sc'i-c-ml Or^lcrs, v*? wo Ibol the scxce ofu^a Jiffcr 
ill ^uiioiu? I'liArui'li'ftf, iiiv utfuLJii^ uf Lvliiih if iiol iu IU<< 
l0»t BBdantood. Tlii^ aex<.<ft. aUu. t>rt«ri dilTcr in Ihdr nr^rAiw 
iti 9cofV and tncaiw of l^x^jEnonon, »» tliat tht- iiialt-t juay 
qn»rkl> di^nviT And r4«oh rhe fi^iiiHli'ii. Tlii^v OilfiT it^U 
oft««or in Ihe mal«d jxHoUhwing divorEiIicd eijntnrnncrK f'>r 
rrtarninjr lli" fi^mfll« when frtuud. Wo art. howiner, itifcv 
von€9TJn»] viAy in u tiK?ori(]ary ik't^ree with >i*xuu1 diiri'ivnt^eit 
of iliobt? kmdi^. 

In nliii«»t aI] the Ord«r», tiie uialcfH of some siitifB, tn-n 
nf n-pflk anil deli^ali' k'hQd«, aro ^u^wn to Iw lii^lily pu^- 
nacioiiti; luuL iouin few urr rutnii^hni witEi upefiLiI wc-uixma 
for Sffliliu^ witli Iheir fivaln. Uul (Ik- law of ballli^ dueA 
Dot i^revail nearly ^o widi^lv wifli tD#ei?tr4 sh villi lli'^ higher 
nmnijilii. Ilrncr it prol^ahiy nri^t'?, thnt it i!> in ntLiv n frvr 
vtii-M.-ti c)iat tW niali-a have inn-n rviidirt^d iNrf^i-r nnd Blionii^tr 
than lli« feokalo- On tho contrary, they aro a«naltv Airialk<r, 
no tUfit they timy \^ dfvclnptd wiltnn a ilmrtcr tinir, to bo 
rtadj in lar^'i- nnriilKTH fi*r Ihi* i?Ti»er|^mci- of tin- fiwnaW 

In tuo ruuiilioE^ of iTtf Ihinttiptera and in t^N't' of ilic 
Orlhopf^rn, the mnlrs alone poMtt^* sjHiTid|>rc)duria(* mjcuus 
in An f^H^iit fifntp Tli^in nrc UM'd iTii^i'JMintly diiriiijr *li*- 
lvt«uLiu^'-^Hii](>r}. n'>t oiily for tailing; t!u> f»?Mjalt¥. lniE aj»[»ftr- 
«fillyf'^rch.irmtnt:orcKritiDt: thcan mri^dry witliotlitT nmk-e. 
No one who Adniit« llii* H|>iJnr^- ^r m<lri'1i(>n nt >Liiy kind, will, 
ftftf-r nuiljiif; tho aliux^c dioi^Lia^ion, dj«puto thai th««c mufii- 
(vl in5truini-nt« fiAvr Wn ai^uir^ throu^di SL'Xual ttlcC' 
Hon. In frtui* *>thflT Onlpr* Ih** mcnilun* \tt one *i*\, or more 
?»mrnnnly of both ^^xw. aro ^^rovidod witli oTpins for pro- 
duritijr mriowr* mininds. s*hj<h [ip|>uivnLlv wivl- riHTclj ai 
n<It-no|p*. \Vh»>n hnth wret nrn* thun provUh-*!, tlir indi- 
vidmiU winch ncrt ol*lr to ninK^^ the Vtiikij'^t nr nio^t con- 
tinmmn uo'inv vinjld ^iim pulnrrv tx-fnit thti^t whii'li v^'re 
1tf<« pnity, eo t.list their or^-an^i (lavo [>rohnl>)y li'i-u gained 
tiin>nj(:)i Miunl wlrctlon. It i* inslruc-livc to reflect i<n the 
vflndiTfiil dhi'nity nf thp mi-nn" for proflm-iiij; woiuul. ]HKr 
^Mt*^ \,y the maW alt>nr. ^r liy lioth upvv^ in no Ipts tlmn 
iix Onlrre. Wt Ihua k-arn how ^rffivlLial ft^\ua\ selection 





jiaa U*ra In leading io m^jfirationji wikich ffomdimo*, lU 
»ith lliL- lluniupttiUp n^Ute lu imi^jrlaiil ^rla i>f Uie or- 

tVi>m till- rt-£b§ons RMipifid in lti« last chapter, it i« TiTob* 
iibic thai thi> ^nreal hr;rn^ juiB*iei«Mi liy the maW f>r mAny 
l^i]irtlk^>rii, rtii4l mme utlii-r lh<t-IloH, huvc 1)vi*li acH|uireti 
Hfi i»rii mil elites I'Vijm the wimll *i/c of itwvIa, wt ore opt 
to imdorv-uluv llR'ir sii^pt-aram^. [f wo could inn^ne n 
mjtio 1'^nlc^Morna (Ei^^ 10), wiUi i(h (toiitihiHi broTi^M coal 
of inAl). ani4 itf vmmt, cuni^'lri liiuiLn, niii4£ijir)i<<J In Lhi- hIiv 
of a hurt^, or t'\cn oi h Jog. it woiiIO be »>ne i)f Ih^ iiLi>J4t iin- 
pi>^]nK unimol* in the world. 

J«ct. WhoD the maf« ililTere slishtly froni thp ftf^nmlp, and 
ncttlicr art brillianUy-cotoiirL^, it >« prulmbk* lliul the euiM 

hdvf- vjinril in h idightly dilT<'rfnl innniif^r, [ind Uiitt. Utt- vitR- 
itiou» have Uvn trftnsniiltetl b\ parh w>3i U» tlw^ faiii^, with- 
out avy ItL^nelit or i-vil ihua nciTUing- Winn ilii- tualti i« 
UHlHimllv-coloiin^d n^iil dilTi^rw roti«|ii*-iiiHi*lj frciin \\\v fis 
iiL&le, OS ^ilb ffomo drjij:^n'llL<>^ sincl many butturtli^ii, it !< 
prubabJc! Lliat Iil- o\\ob Imj? i:i>Eours to k^xu^I Bi^lr^'tiou: wJulflt 
thi' n^muk^ hnn rrUinecl ii priniordinl nv vi-rv 4ruieril ty;ie 
of coIounDi;, Alt^htly modifiod Ly ilir a^^liciw bfffoK ^x- 
ploiui-d- Ttut ill ^uEiie lu^i'k Ui« fL-jiialr Ija^ apparently bcon 
iiiiLilr idiw-urT' by vjiriiiLioTiH tniiiHiiiLt[i<i] Li \\pt iiltiTit*, ua h 
inv^n? of ttjn^t pr«>ti?rtion ; nhd it in almoht (^i^rtniu Ihnt the 
hva ftuiJiL'liiiR'b b»ii m^ilr? ).i[illifiLit, ^o aji to imifatu' other 
pratot^lod apOL'iQB mhubitiii;- tbt HQtnt< district. Wh^n ih« 
wxca MwrnVilf* cftrh other nnd Imth urt obdcurdy coloured^ 
there is no duubt that Llicy have bc^eu in a itiullitude i>f L-a»es 
so (.'ulouridd for ihiL- 4akt* uf lu'^ivcliort, 80 it 'vi hi auine 
itiMaufc* whf:n both arc liri>fbtl.v colourr^t for they Ihu* 
iniitaf^ | speck*, or resemble suiToiindiiLg objcfU 
auefi n« flowers; f>r they girt notice to thoir enumieft thai 
tb?y arc unpnlutahlc. In othtir cojtci iu wliicb the «cx(» 
n'j*eniblr riieb ollirr jiiul htp tjoth bnltiant, eflix'cirtllj wlien 
tbe colours are arran^d fur didptay. we tnay eondude that 
tiioy lui\<? Ijcvr gnined by tho male nrx an tin attraction, and 
hrtie litcn Iransfenvd to the fernuTp We rtn* oion* iiiinHmlly 
led to thie ooDohi^ion wlierif'ver t\n- 8ai:ie ly\}v erf ooluratioii 
lirt'ViiiU throughout n whnli? prouj), atirl wc find timl lb* 
nuiTes i>f utinr fl|j'<'i('*i dilTiT widely in eMoiir frnm the fi»- 
Tiial^i^, uhilBt olhere drlYiT dlif^'btly or not at all ^4'ith inter- 
mediate gradation* conncctiiLf: {]\t^%f^ <*)Etrcnic tftatfn^ 

Tn Ihi^ flamii nunntr hk bright coloiirv havi.? ufttrn hvta 




jinrtmlly lr4U&f«rr«tl frurii tho ntaXvt tv tlic fornaW, n) it 
Jiiu tii^i'U wtth iht* uilruoriliiiary h'jrim ot tiumy IjiHitlhrnrn 
And wMno oth^r brctliM. S» igikin* th<! M>u]iJ>ur(HluL'iuj{ 
or)<uu£ pr^(jer to Ibc* tua}v» of ilLi> Ilojiivpura aoi Orihop- 
turn fctvo ^iatrfllly bH>u iratift(vrrL<d in a nidinientary. ^iir 
rvcn in n ncnrly iKTrtnit ronchtion, 1o ttic fcinultu; yot not 
t^umt-'iLtilly iMirfocI Ui lj«- of any ust^. It m aUo an iuter^At^ 

LDft of ivrtam iiuilc Orihojjtrni aro iioi (uUy <ioit]op(j3 
Mtil the hi8l Eiiciuh; ami ilml IIk' riil<mr>i ijf rrrlnlit iririlr 
drogan'iU<.4 ar« not fully L.1eveloiJ4^(J inUil »i>nif< lil[i« liitio 
after their t^iticrKcnce frum the p;tpal italv. and when thuy 

St^xufl] (ieKH.lii>n kuipIW ttiat the laore allractive uidi- 
viduain uil- jjrrfvmHj hr the oppoaito !m--x; aiid a« ^ilh ia- 
H»it!t*s trhrn Ihr wtw ^ItfTtfr. it iu tlu- tniil'* wliii'li. uiUi smiK^ 
rnr(i o-^ocf^lii^n^, la tho triors cntaR)i'nU>di and d^parte ini>ra 
frtini the ty|H* to nrhich ihr spceitfl Ix-rjiifc,-!!:— and ati it la the 
Timl*' wUirh urjirvhf-y ('ny;(-rly fnr fh»* frrmit*', \vr miiKt »iip- 
po^ ILaI tht< fviimk*! Ituhilually or ocaLrtioDally pi'^ft.^r th^ 
mori.- br-Aatifiil malcA. and thnt Ihrn? hav« t!m> ai:qujrcd 
thHr iM^Aiity^ Thnt th(> fi^miiti^fi in moj4t or all tho Orrlrm 
vonld Wvo Lhe powv-^r of tojeLtinj: any parEiculur tnak, 
ill pTDbubl^ frnoD Oh- mnny MiiiKiilnr rout r J vaiii^m iKt-wsna! 
hj IIk nial(>8, fflLcU fi.s j^rpAl jaH'=, ndh^aiTp cushioni^^ >pinc», 
donpil4?d ltp», &tv. for fn^iamj- tiiL- k'nudvr; for Uil'sl' uoa- 
(rivflnco *hrK lltat Ihrn' it *'>nn' diiViriiliy in IKi' jut, m* 
Ihflt hvr rnncnrTvnc*^ woiilii rt(>cm nwM'wary. Jadgme from 
wtiat iffi- know of ihv f>tTc'tT'livc jiowere and afft^L-tioua i>f 
vjinr»«ii itiftvli, Itu^' IK till niilHTcli'til imprulMibilit) in m.'X* 
iml ^leahMi bavinir oi>nio lar^n>[j ijil.> plav; but w^- hava 
as ytt rvo dirtct vvidiTiii.' on iIua lu-ud. and aoujt fatta arc 

opiMwn) Id Ihn Jrt'liof. NiMiTlhclcsis, wlio-u wi' Mti' iiirtJiy 

TTkAJt^ purauJnfE the wiuf? femalo, wo can KardK beliovp that 
tlip |>amiJ^ IH left ti) Mind thaiioe — tint the female exertd 
no rhnioo, and i« haI iutli:mcml by ihi' ^urgi^oun oolount 
or other oniaiiieota with whieh the mule i8 decorated^ 

If we admit IIiliI the fi^niali-s v( thr ITumoplt^ru and 
fJrthofiiera appTtdile ih^t rnutii^nl Ij^ntii of thdr male }mrt- 
rjpw, and that ihr vanndu jnfllnimi^ntfl ha\c licen perfoctrd 
t[iruu>;h H-xuLi] v.-1i-i'linn. I here la lillli? iiE]priiUdidjl^> in 
Ihe fcTml*^ of c}th*"T inwvlf ap[irfH.-ii|in(f [icaiity in form or 
colouFp »nd o>rHNju(inllv in ♦ncli fharaclcrft having hpcn 
tliud iraiucd bt tlic male^. Hul fiuin cU^ un-urtiBtnUL't! of 
cclour hviit^ vo vaiiifthlL% and fruin ita having bvt'n lo oft«Q 




maditieii for tW lukc of |>roU>L'lioii^ it i* Olflicult lu dutriile 
in \\ovp Lupt a prftjinrlion nf <:n>cc Jic^iin! j^cls^c-tion brts plated 
A part. Tliift ih Minrr i'H|irci;illy ilillicull in ttmnn OitV'ris 
audi Utf UrlhopIi'PU, Hyuu'rif-U'ltTU, tmtl C'i>k'u]>li'm, \n which 
tiic tuij f^xtf rnr^lr rlilTrr Tiiiih:Ji In itfluiir; foi uo au' thrn 
|pfl M lui-n' iiiiHlr>g_v, WiMi l)ii> i.Vili^fijilera, iiowevor, oi 
luton* rviiiurkvd, i1 iii in iJu' ^rrout I*firiiollicoru Rrouji, 
jilflt'tr! by i»oinp niilhfirs* at Ihr hi^Jiil cf tla- Ui'i.!i.'f» linU in 
which W4» *c>pnp|inii>ti nc n nmlua] altechm^nt betwet^ii the 
aojuftf, that vcv fiutl the muk's of Hump «f>iH.-ioa pcMui?»4(i}t^ 
wr4L|K»nfi for Annul s^tnfiv »tlh*n rLirnUlnt] with AniiilLTful ^m 
honm, ninnff uilh dlriduUting or^an&^ iind olh^rs oni^iiii<nied fl 
witli h|>KWkI HK-tallK' tiiiU. Ilt'iur i\ *orin> proWilo that 
alt tlir^r t'tiJirjii h-[> Unw Yivvw ^aiiu'il lEirou^li llic matiic 
IQMOS, nmnt^ly APXLinl liHi^ctioti- Willi biJtt*>rlin*« wo have 
tlie beal rvi<if[ice, zis (Ik' iimU-H Pimiclimra lakt poms to difl' 
fljiy Uii'ir bi-nuhfiil cnlcKii'i;^ jiiirl wr riiuiiiil brlirvi^ Unit 
lhp_v woLiM nfl ihxifl, unl^s^ the dieplay wa? •>? iwe l*> ih^m 
in ili'^iT tourtnliip, 

Whi'ii wr in^Jil (*f Uirdit, wr »hBll m'p Ihiil I.Im-j pjvsrnt 
m llipir nr^rortdnry i^oxiial iliarncUw Ihi? dowel ariolo^ 
;^jlli juiwdH. Tliim. iiiaiij limit' Urdfi arc Inglilj jmgimdoua. 
nnd scjinr niv furninlipd with *|H'i"inl w<iipijn» for fighling 
Willi Ihcir rivsK Thoy pjw^cw^ (ir^nn* which uto iipcd diir- 
in^ th<? Lri.'Liliii^'«?riw.ii] fur piodufiu^ vcienl iiiul inatru- 
mt'utul TniiKicv '!*Ih7 Mr* frt^ipi'-nlly orminu'ndvl wifh mmlt*. 
horns, H'Mtlce omt plumoji nf Ibc moi^t divcrf-ifird hiixKi. nnd 
urf iWoiulL'il witb U'ltijlirirl oijlutii>. all uvidfiLtly fuj tlie 
fidk-f 4hf fliftpLty. UV fiiull liiid fhul, u:^ uiih im^-^-N, buth 
?c\c« in ccrlajn i:rouf>e arc Cfinnlly bcniitiltd, nnd nn* equally 
priniibnl v'i(}i oriinmPuU wliitli nn' UbujiIIv loniiiRd Ig the 
ma.U- tax, \ti other (jr^iup* both sexvs are eqnilly plajn- 
colourc'il nnd urornaiiicnU'J. lA«tly, in somr fow nnomt- 
loiiri ni?<i<». IIk- fi.'iiiu1i*N nn- rniifp li^-nutiftil ihan i\\v maX^. 
\Vi* ihail oflrn lirHl, jn Ih^* ^nnm p'liiiip of birdit, tfViTV jr'Bda- 
lioii friitii [io dilTtTrm-L' U'twrcn Ibi: frxo, t(> Jiii cxtrrmc 
<li!Tr-n*in'iV W** hIniII *ri- HiJit fi'iiiiile liirdfi, liki- fi'rmili' iii- 
niTlf, tifloM priuiiwii mnri! ar b^n plniii Iraoea or niilkTTk<'nf» 
of i-haiailfj^s which prc»|icrly brl^ng to tht* malir* uml arv 
of ufci> only l»> th<»m. Thi? flnaln^, indoi-d. in nil Ihowi' rn- 
<pcH* lH'tWiH?^Ti liiiih- and iii*<*ct« iit ouhouBly c^loft*-. Whal- 
eviT L-\p|jino(Kin npplir* to Ibr unc clniw prfibnbly ap|)l]«d 
to the olhi*r: nnd Miin eyplnnalion. n* w<» nhnll litTfMftnr nt- 
tempt to tftic-w in further (M^il, in tn':tual fle|ecti<'P. 


CK^r. xn. 



AlfMllGLlVB, AN1> ltKl-TtU:K, 

iluir 'KWhti with iH*iJ* ■»»>" l'rUu4i»llj vtlnpunU rrjUvLi-r ^-jJjjiii-* Tin 
Lv"H i*.r*»f 10 uou* ostwurt "f l/ift rVfuiili.' ■«inii»1 '■'■ m'liouijt*^! t'lr an T»iti ^-fiu- 

AVe hnvc nnw irniTcd flt the g^ttit nub hin^rilora of tht 
Vei'TtflrrtitiL J1111I »ill LuiEuiioTiii.' iiitli tilt ^.■»k'^1 <A&n^, lliat. i\t 
Mfihut, Tlip muU4 or I'lii^ni^tomoiia (laWs («1karkf. mv] 
ami of ChiniBpriiiti ^fh*-^ nrt prnxUM >*'ilh ^tnnp^rv whicli 
to rHiitr* llii- ff'innir, liki- tlir varii-u* jifriit'lTirt's pnp- 
liy iiMiiiy of tho lo«-(-r [kriiEiml-t. lksi<los llio tln^pt-K. 
Ihft innlf^ t>f mnny rftjr* hnvc cliwtrr* <.f stomp pVhH" *pim 
OH ihi'ir ht-Jiii-i, ami flpvonil rnwn rtVing "* tin* u jijicr -hiUt mip- 
Save of Uitir fnfL^toral riiJ»/' Thouc nre pn^Efnl in tht^ niu!« 
.<*f ftjmc "pccic*, wliifh ImTf nihcr pnrifi of their Wilic* 
ilh, Th^j' nrp only iPmpiimrily flcvi'ln|>p<l during tl:o 
lill|*'iOMon; fliMl Ur. liiiuthor «impq't1j» thnt tJioy ore 
bruiislil into nHion «5 pirln^n^ile or;znnA lj_\ tlic drtnbiio;; in- 
Ih nnd c1owTiirflrd« af ilip twn shloa of fho Wxly. Il i« r 
rkflble fact tfiat thi* fi^ninlm nnil not llip irjilrft of iwmc 
rier, »» rjf /^u'rt dtivaia, hnv*' their ImcVw Htinl*UHl with 
Inr^ hfi«k'fornn*rl KpiiK^B/ 

The niat«f. al.MJL* i>f tfie capdin iMallitu^ vUh^ttm. *>Tin of 
Sn]ijioi)i>1[L-K ari- provli^'d witli n riil^'*- nf cliiwU-fli-t, Ihrii*"!!- 
like tsfiilc*, hy thr- nil) of wMrh {wi> malcf, oiil' on t-ndi wdi:, 
hoM th>7 fj^nifilo, whiljl Ai*- ninw with er<*rtt rriftrn'W on \ht 
tHody kiU'Ji- nm) I ln-rr jlrpEniln hiT *|mirn.* Thr ivif^My dis- 
tinct Afofto^rtH'A"* *jj?flp(W prfiirnt^ a som>.>wlifll aiiflliifjou* 
>lnictiirc. The male, ae Dr- UunUier iiiforuis nn\ hnit a 
cliutVT of slilf. fltracglil vpiiim. likr* iltiwr of n <oin1», on llie 

^»l. kl, It^A. I'y. in« 4t\ «»<1. I^t. 
Ufkulbci infciniB nid UjM tirt nfum 


> -TU Am- N»i-/ At'fLl, l«l, n, lllb 



Pa» ;l 

tidt^. (if the I^J; arkd llii^»e in a jpccionvti nx tnchm long 
wetv" Tit^rly i>nL< ai^l h half irifhtw m j^n^h; tiie f^malt- Iim 
ill the «pme [i1ru!(> a elutiliTr i>f bhj:tUii,%vhii-h iiuiv \yo ujiei|iuk-iJ 
witli ilio>»r of ft toolli'bnif^h. Ilk fiDolKcr ^prnf^. }L [icr»'t*ii, 
lln* hiafe hflti A ViiJih like fhot pi>»wii>#l by tin- femiilp of ihe 
luit ^|jwic54, wbiUt Iho Hulw of Ibc UiiJ III Iho f^'ninlr biv 
Hiiixidi. In *-j|iH' otJicT dihxif* of the t*mv pinti^ xUv tnil 
TBTi Ii*> fN'ri'i>ivpcl t" h* n liiil» rniigben^ hi tUe male ami jMr- 
fully ^(iLcioiIj iu ilv ftirmks aii<i lufill> in uUicra, botb vvxo* 
hiivr iin:iiolh tftlt?^ 

Thp maW nf many Mi figlit fnr thr poH#p»^ii>n cif Ihe 
f<'inakv. Thus tliu iiiato stickleback {UaiUrMiraii irittnijti 
liiti lipfii iW'rjbHl an " iiiuJ tt'iUi «ldi|.'bl/' wlu^ii llif fiiimli? 
(IOIII4-J! imt of her hi<linjj-pluc-;^ itmJ AurvrvB thi» tk-hI wbitb ha 
liaa tufi'Ir for her *' lie dart» roumi lii^-r hi ^rr) ilirvtrtion* 
Ihcii til bin ucLnjiiiulhliHl iitUti-riiilB fur lUi' iml. llirii Iflii'k 
a^nin in un iiulnnt; atu\ an thv i1ui« n<it iiihiinrr hr rn- 
ileikvuUTy to \t\]Ai hfr with )ii^ •Ti<mt. ami tliCEi liir^ I>f jkiH 
bcr hy ihi" lilil nihI -iiih-'-iiiiin' (n tbr luvL" ' Tin- iiuiU^ an- 
tui<\ Id bo |ioJyKii>]iiiilc; * ibi*y anr oxlrnt^rilimirily biMd and 
iiij^iia<-juuti, utiil^^t ^' Ihi' fL'ii»ili<r aK- ijLiil<- ]i!iL-i11i\'* TTit'ir 
]>aiil«i »n> a1 ttnLt>4 (kvpcmti>: ** for xh*f^v ptiry ^lombnlAnli 
fanti rt tijifht '>o oat'h other for lUTrcnil soft^nds lnTuMjnt: i>Y^ 
ami ovtT agahi* iiiilil llii-ir hlrt-ugtb jiii^u'un* fi-Hiitib-trlr ri* 
hauKtod.'* With thL* rvtu^-lilxiik'i) Atukk1ia<^^k {0^ Irachtirus) 
Ihc RinW whilst lljrbtiiis **im rwjinl artij nxiin! rnrh other, 
hitiDj." athl HKlt'fttuuriTi^' lo |iit'rfe jth-Ii <ith»'r wilb tfwir 
raif-^i lutvnil spiTiw. Tbf immc writiT u<i<k* "lb*> 1ni« 
of l!n**i* tiUIf* fiirin* iM Ti*ry M'vm". Thry nli*" uft their 
Ul'nil ijiin**! w'ilb ^iiii?!) fntal **1Tpct, thnt I hno> w***" on** 
duririp: u Iwtik* nlimJntely np hi* ufipoiio-iit i^uilo open, *o 
Ihflt b(^ f^itk tri Hii- lu^lliim Dili! i!ipv1/ Wbrn pi ^h 10 roii' 
ojipn^il, "bit gnllant Ivnrinij fotpsabia him: hi* y^nv fviUmr* 
lad-? uway: nriiJ h« hiJn hiA dia;-nic«^ anion^ bifi p4'aopnljl4* 
ronipiuiioim, hut ;» fiir wirni* litiio Ibi* ctinnlant objtxt of his 
rMnminror'H pirrftw^itinti," 

'rUe nuik ?4i]iiiun i* aa puintattoiis a« the litttc stickle- 
IftU'k; Htiil im tft (hi' iiikU' tnmt. m-i T btiir ffiuij Dr. (SflijlbCT. 
Mr. Shaw MW fi violcflil rnntn;! lu'lvrc'^n two iiYuh* *alii>on 
whidi laiiioil thr vbdie ilay: and Mr, R. liuiM. SufnTin- 
leTuk'iit uf Fi^itrii's. infiirhJ^ mv that hi* ha^ ofli-ii wiitibf^J 

nJ. Ui. itQOy |i sir 




am Ihi- lrii]gi> tl PMiih On* mflltw linking »w8y tbetr riTal*. 
liiUt Uiv fvDialcD wtre Bpuwumi;. Tin- iimlfa *'aiv con- 
Likllv (Ifflitiii^ dliil tciuiii^' mvU i>lh<-r on Llir :(jfUn]Linj{-lK\K 

f7 -FffSrf <Hf rikAla ivdrirnnb aslnap f ^ ifiiiii a ^ ill ilMliU Th* !■ ittrt i mmtn 
rniiF4rairUr,A« VI LI tu >li tb4J r>itwn laUw pn^Hit dAptor. turn bnBfa» 
HiH«in>^iind<-rtrt*liliul*npi^nE*tiil*acianr lir tiOnEhW-l 


iM-r*, mnni' hptnj; w^-n owImiTiinj; npnr iTjr limikt iif Ibr rivj*r 
m a 8Utv of t-xiuiwljun. unJ apparenUy in a dving etat^.^** 
Mt. Btiud infuntiii mc* thnt in June 18(^8. the E(Cop«r of the 


«L1 olh#r nttltH «m)r. 




Put IL 

.Sttimiotitfi^lt] bronling-ponilH visiW the nor1li«ni Tyjit and 
fuiinil flkiul JlKJ i.U'U(I tailiJioii, all uf whirrh wilh i^nr. c%c?|)* 
tioa uc^n' niJili:?(: nnil lit- ^iiv rniiviiirni Ihiit ihvy hn^l 1(Mt 

Tfii M*>t-i rtjrioiti- |MiJnl itb->iil llie nmk' nnliticm Lt dial 
Juiin^ lilt' Ini-t^Jiiif-^'L'aMiu, lieshl*'.^ i\ slij^ht I'liuii^e in mhiur. 

P%D. W -Ifv4>)o'fi«inHleMilmnn 

"the lower iflw uloofa1e0> flod a cartilajnnoiif* projoclioo 

rldwwl, oiviifHi^H p ilfrp nivilv liPtntipn lb*- iiiti*niia\illiirv 
lionM of ih*^ H('por jau,'*" (f''lir&. ST and 38.) In our ^nl- 

Hiiftiii; bnl in iln' S'lbjn) ItjfaoJtn of M.-W. Aiih-TJiu i1k* 
dianfff, as Mr. .1, K. Ixiixi " bL'licVfs, in ptrnnanenl, nni! hcsit 

■ yam>l,MIUiarTaritritlHhFlAli».' *-Th« ^■tLlrmhtc In Vanmuvar^ 


ur. XTL 



tiufkcil in lh« Mvs mitU-* nliirli havo firrviouely UKvridi-'il 
Ihp Hvirt>, In th«vr nlil umIi'j^ (he }iv Wti'itf* K\*-M'\t*im\ 
into nu imiJttnr*' liook-like pr<*jtttnin, niid The {^y\h gn^vr 
ititj r^uLnr f«nK^, vlWt\ inorv llinii luilf «ii iiicli in U^ri^'llu 
With tlir Kiiti>pf-jiii luilmmi, ■initilin^- Ut \\t. \Ao\i\,^ ihr 
Ifiikjioniry hoi^k-trkt* dlriK-tHr^ t»Tvefe lo Klrvrijjthpr »mil pi\i- 
lit-l till' javte, ulitu onr "(nil- rlior^is aiif»tlH'r wilfi Horiiltrful 
vTiJi'nn-: Iml Llir-^rmih ilr\iln|n"it fii'ih ijf tin* miilr Aiiwri- 
rsiia i^ilmon tnny hp icim(>ar<'ti with th<> lu^ikji of ninny male 
mammals nut] ihcj inditnt^r au offouhitc rethcr llflo.a pro- 

'lli« i«hito[) III Dot thi' only linh in vlndt t^c knlh ililfcr 
Id Ihc t^nxi »i]-:iF9. aft Iht^ i» thv.- r:.d«<: with lu^ny rAV«. Jd fho 
tboniWk (fftiifi ^ffifru^f) llii- Jihkit in^ilf fi.ix Hliurp, |MirMtt'd 
icetb. (liri'^'tH Uuk^vjnK wliiUt thuw of Hio Tc'inulr nrc 
brmd nml ^nt, ninl f-ii'm ri [>iivm]i.'ii1 ; m~i thnt IhfKr ti'Hh 
iliffiT in Tb<^ nvo s*>^r>, **f Ihr* inmi' >ijiM Irs nioTf llittM is n-irinl 
ID diulinH ^ottora ■>! 1hi> mieik" FaEiuly. Tlio Ilh-Ui of the 
malt W*imr ^Emr|> only «ln*n Uv 'n minit: wliilM yniiiiit tK(?y 
nrp hmad nnrl flul likr thfiK^ i>f lh<' frnijilp. \t- m fn^ijupntty 
ocfriir? vilh Hec^imlarv ooamhI i.-harnt't<^r«, boUi ecxra rtf ^oma 
^J1e1if« of rays (f«r inMuiicc /i\ WtV). whca n(l«]K porunm 
Kfittqi jiointnl li>plh: AnH hrri* m clinrRHpr, proinr t'> jitid 
fhriunlv •.-ainoil iiv Iht' itiuTo. iip|K7ii-Q t'j biivf' [htei Iraaa- 
intlliil rn ihr nIT.ijiring of Imth MXrt. Tfir NtIIi iin' likr-Hiitr 
(>.iintri1 in Imfh jotps of /?. »jnrw/«i<i, lint t*u\v wlion -jtiit^ 
A^uH: tfic Titolct fLi'ouiriitx tlit^m nt an i.iir-lii.-r iiici' tliiin tlif^ 
ftniMW Wt* ^]lHll lu'Ti'MftiT iun*t with iitmlit^-nEJK i-ii-ifit rii 

<<pri>in Inrfln. in wliirb iJir n^nU' [U'(|iuri% tlu- fihimiigo t'tmi- 

mon to Will fO<i* wh-^Ti ndull , (it fl ^>nK'\vhnt <"nrltcr oi^c thflii 

(loo* the femak. Willi oitRi- nfHftk^!- of ihvh llii.- imjiIct i't<.'Ti 

when iil(] iiL'ti>r poia(r.-^< «harfi 1m-I)i. niitl r<viitL''|ti<<iilly llio 

lO^ulU of \ynlh H*\rn fto providpd With Virrtpil. tint Wlh lik<* 

|1li(i«c rtf thr yoiirg, and liki> llic)W' i>f rhi* iiiamrr- frHuilr^ of 

[ihe aboW'mpnIionwl fl|«vi<^." i\» Iho rnyt ftrt^ lx»li|. ffron^ 

t«nil vomriouit l»h, wc nmy iiMinrt that tfir inwloj rir^^uirc 

thiTtr diAr]! tiH-lh for flx'lilinu whh tlirtr nvjiln: Imi h)^ tlu^y 

pAi*«» mflFiV pnrtft moiiitiiH^I nml «<lfl[iled f*ir Ihr jirrlifncion 

fif thi* ffintifc. it J* |KiTfriMe Ihat Ihcir Ucth may W uM*d for 

In rpjiard to piJto, M, rarbotini^r " msinlrinn Ihnt tlir 

E«*t. m l*H>. loi 






feinaJe of aldOBt alt tsht» n latgti than tli« malf ; cad Dr. 
(illnlber iltmc ntft Viiovr or a «in^?i' iniUntv in uhtrli Tlier 
^Jilr ifl qt^tiiiilly Inr^f^r Uluti the f^'nikfllr- With ^>Tur t^yt^rino- 
iuult llic iniil<^ ifi uu( i.-i''ii }iHir rt^ Ihi^. Sb ui uma^ kJiida 
cf C*h« the jumIw hjiNi^ '/^4her. k I* Mirprittng 

that thry hov(^ tivt ffirii .'.I . ir^raml «trunjtiY tliuk 

Ui« ftrnrnJcft Ihioui!?! ilic ctlcd^ of »cjiQai selection. Tbe 
ina]« flnffer frxtm i^f^ir ^maU utic, f'>r seconding lo M^ Citr* 
bonuicr, Ihry are liMv lo bt* d^vouri^j I) tht- fcronlw* of lli*ir 
own K|Hruit« irlicn cnrmvornu^ ami no doubl 1>y otiif T hptvim. 
lDor«s6<<d siw mnisi W in *iomp mann'>r of iD'>n^ iii*]M>t1ance 
tc the ft^ole^, IhflD (trvn^Tli ami ^i&?- an- to iht* mak-r for 
liKfitin^* nirh ulhvr mnU-^. aud thi> prthufiA in 1o nllnw of tlir 
pji>rfnr'nnn of w vMrf numlHT 'if ntn. 

In mjinv rpci'icj Ihe male alone w ornamo-ntod inth 
Wiglit (:oIi»ttrb; or lline dit^ itmcti bri;;)it«*r in L!ic inale thaji 


ill*" f<-mrtle. TIk' nia1p» nlno, i* comctimw pri'virlcH wWh 
■pp^^nrln^M tthieh appear tol>r nf nn mori* nw lo Fiiiti foi the 
orHinan- piirpoMH <if life, tlmn ore Hie tflil fnnlliotv t" iUe 
' T rtjn imlihtoil fur nirat of the folli>ivir^ facU to 



■ the 




the kniiliKW nf Vr. 4Jt;n1hrr. Th^rc is rceeon to fofipoot 
lliat imiEkv IropicAl ^aLi? difTvr etwuiitTy In L-ulotir ami iHriic- 
lunr; mm ttitrt- an* jtunu' ilnkiTt^' ihm'j> with hut brtUiih 
BdiC9. Tbc liLnlv Valhonymuft lyra hjiH brcn cnlTof) ihc 
jirjHoic^iM fJnifToitff '' frr^m Lt« brilliant ^rui'lik^r L-uluun." 
WK'ik fresh cai;tglil from ibe era the h^\^ i^ yellow of various 
abscin^ rtnpcti anil BpolkHJ with vivJO bluv on Ihc head; the 
doml fio? arc jjaIg bixiwn irith dark loDifitiidinal baDda; the 
TOotral. i^udnf. And anal l^na Niing hliii^h-blaok. The fe- 
aa^<y or f^rduJ drui^oucL was icri^iilcrtii bj l^nmtufi. and by 
tnanv hijb*^intTiJl uJitiimli'^E^, jjf a di»^liiiLTt smyJr*; it is of 
a diogr nddiftb'browB^ wilh ih^ dori^l rln brr>wri aiii.! Itic 
other niu vhitc The HMtv dil^T al^o in Ihc |>ro|Kirlional 
tiin'of ihphtrad niid iiioiith, and in thr ixnulinn <»f Ihp *7'*»*, '* 
but the mc4l atnkin^ dilTtir^ncf' i^ Ihp i>rlmordir]Arv i>1oripa- 
tioQ JD the male (%. ^9) of th«^ dar?al JiUh Mr. \f . Snvitie 
Kifnl rt'iturkc Ibal. Ihiit "sin^tjhir iipjimthi^r iipfrc-^jni fmm 
my obeeTvalions of th« epcciefl in confin^ni^nl, to b** jautwr- 
TJfiit to the aami-' i^iid a.i the woUKft, <]rt»(e. and c-lbor abiior' 
nul ddjuriHK of iTk' mair in gnlliiiaii'iiL^K biniK, fur Ihr jmr- 
pow of fwcinatjn;; XXmr malet," " The voiin;: ri^silfs n^em- 
me the adult ftituile* in ^lrl)■.:lu^cr rttid nilcmr^ T}irnii;;buut 
tli* grrLii^ <'nlliot>Tirit*," thi* tnolr it jjrnonilly much more 
brichtiv epottctl Ibfiu the fomatCi antt in ^vv<>ral ^pccicflH not 
oDiy the liuTMi]. but ilit anal fin ia much douptlLt] in (he 

Thc laal^ of the Cfitu^ sc^rpius^ or «M-8Corpion, ie sleii' 
iler^ ntiil wnialler than \\\tL finuili*. Tln-re U nl™' a K''*'"t 
diffpfvrt'v in <-a!our Www'n thnn. It it diflirult, ac Mr 
LlOj'd " rciriarkj, ** for nTiy onf, who hce nol B".m?h ihit fish 
i)ufj;i<; like n|>au ijiii^''n-H-Hr[i. ^^heti xi^ blirx itrr bTi^'hlr^{. li> 
eontvieu Iho Admixlurp of brilliant rolonra with whirh it, id 
o4hrr rwiPfcts lifi ill-fovotjrcd, ie at lliat Www Jidornod," 

lb ***(> of ibf* l,olintit tnittuM. Hl1}i(>ri;,'h vrrv fliff^rchl In 

lur. aro WiiCiful; the mak bdn^; oran^u witU hnphi blue 
«lripc«, and the female bright red with aonir bhck ^polf on 
the l)aok. 

In tho very difttinet ruimlj of the Cyprtnodoiitida> — in 
hAbitnnbi of the fri>h wetcn" <i foTd£n land*— the wic* 
eomrtim^ differ much in varifnis rbaradera. In the raa!o 

li|M.i,p nl UilI »». 
» ' Tiitili^H of Ara.Tiih, I'taho* lb 

UM. i>rv llh HI, 

p, 41*. 

imo Blrda or ttvodu; dsa., !»?, 






<if lh« MoUienrtia pfUntitgis,'* tlic doral Tin la gmtiv dt- 
vplortrd fnu\ h fTUirkiHl with h tv»* of lar;!*-, miiDil. f^colUled, 
Urjj^mci.»]iiiired »\tMn: whilst lh<^ miiiiv Hti in thi^ ftinulo ii 
pnirtlh-r, uf n ilifTi'K'ut fclmjiv. £iid iiinrkril ''iily wiih irrcjcn- 
Uiily L-imcil brown apolo. In 111^ iiiiilo IIk* ?i:i>^l1 TrHmn "f 
thr anni fin U alni^ n !U(k' iiruduptHl luitl iJark oolmiivu. In 
iW liioK- uf ail ttllieii fnnii, the Xipltt/pfu/rufi ffflkrii (fi£. -!«), 
tin* irif<Tior mBr^n of Ihc *niulnl llii is <Ii>v»"!(»[k"(1 inTo h lonij 
^BiiMiil, vltich. M I ht!ar {rum l>r. Uuulh<>r» u «tri|>ed uilii 

britfht colons, Tliie iSlamont doLM not oontain any mnaHM. 
and Hppttrfnlljf tanuol In- of nny ilirecl um' it llir fish» As 
in tlic- fii*»* (if till* PflllicjjjyniiiK, ilir muli* wliiUt vihiujj: n^^ 
*i'inbfr ^^o n'ii>U fpTnalct iit o^Ioup nnd etructur*- Sexual 
<lilTtiuiiC(aK *iK'Ji ;l- tlu'ff niuv I". ?<LmUy rom|wircil *iUi those 
ivInVIi UTf ■»! frciimvit wirh ;riilliirii4'(xiwt binV" 

Ttt M (ihirtid fi*ih, mhabiOrir Ih** frcth wfltem of South 
Amrricn. the rirfMiomaf^ htrftotta " ffig, itlV the mak hfta 
ftti rioiith and lnIf»r^o|^reuluiu frifi>.'oii nith u licun) of ftlff 
haira, of vKioh the foiiiak- chr'iWf hardly it InAiT. ThnN^ ItBJn 
urc' T>f thr nnturr i^f *rfl1r9. 1r »in»thcr »[i<^tIc» fif the MDid 

■* I>f ^ ■ j 1 mlirr nmkc* tbU fttmnkt 
||'tl£ir»rur of FeaIim in Hia nriUah 

' frnr- of this Kflokiif tSoi'.' li^M. pun 

C■A^ X!L 



ficttUfl. K>ll iuiil-k tcfiiA^h* (*ru;«t from U^ front pnrl of 
Ihr livad of iIm^ iili!«', «liii li im- jitt^iil in the female. T}jef« 

Flo. If -— 1^lH*mUiiini" In' WiiH 



THK n*t4rR}n' ov uah. 


teuUcle« irv prolongslioriK tit Vho Irtiv «lrb], »di1 thcn^ftirp 
are m?t IjoiHoloi^rnTS wiUi tho sdlf hniw of tl»c (rnni>r tpvi*«; 
bul it rail ImrJIy \k Uiiubt-rJ Uiat. bi>tli tent* tlw suuir [iur- 
poe^ Whfll tJiii* piiT|MBM(* niwy b^, i» dtllitnll lu torijtTiar*; 
ornaincDt i]'jc« Dot Uvn- >«?m piulHiblc, tul wt^ \-ma httrdfy 
mii^jHiM- ihai flUIT IinJit aud llcxibU' UlaiufuU ran Ijc uh^Iiu 
iu any orJionry wny lu the mslw alone. In ihM nm^ 
fuon&tcT, ihc Vfiir/t>Tr<i nwnstrt^n, tUi? nmit' htiB i liooA;- 
tiljnju-i] l«i:ii." <.in Uk' Ii»|> uf On- ImwI, ilirfr't*il forwunl^, viith 
iu c-ijil rourjili<c1 ;iTu) it>vi?W wiUi iitsry i^piii«8; in llie fciimltf 
" 1.hj> cr^wQ i)< .ilt«i;i'thrr nWuT/' hui what iU hat nui> in Irr 
the male i^ mt-^rlv uiiknftan,'* 

rirtlj^ nftcr he hnt' niriveil nt mntiinty; but in-'iih wjinr 
m<'imira^ iinil m nroihpf iillinl grmit," a t-ri^rt iJt dpwlopnl 
on tlie hoed of Iho iual« oDly during th** hTf«dini:'t«tteoii, 
aud Ihe body al Llic miiiic limt* Iwirviijiu mure brijjblljr< 
f'tilmin^d, Th<Ti* fau hv lillln flr>iibl ihiil Ih'it t-n-*! K-nT* ii» 
II tfiTipornry wxual nmflinml, for (he fi^rnnlo dn^* rot cjihtbil 
a inct ill iL 111 olbtr Bpfciw of (Kl- *aiiK' ^eiui* bolh trsto 
pooew A Lrcitl, m*\ in ut Iodili om^ ajH-viiLV nntlK^r ti.\ it Oiiu 
proviilrti. In iTuny of the t'hriimi-'hr, for inftnme in Ut- 
opha^UB ADil t^p^iially in Cithln. l\n- ]Lmli.-», na 1 ht'ur frum 
Professor AgasMz," have a criuspiruoiiB ]^rof libera ue4> on fho 
foreheud, nhicb i* wholly wuntin;; in ihv fiTnuIcs nnf;! in Ihc 
joui)^ mntcv. PmfivAor Agtwx jiibU, *' I Iwe often oIh 
jHTTTea th^si* lUhe« at tbe time of tjiawninj- wben Ihe ppotU- 
berapce ia largest, ftnd at olber mh^iih nlivn it i> lotnlly 
winlin;^, nii^l ihr t«« »i'\rn shew lui ililTiTrnif* whnt^ivT In 
th<* oullinr of ihv f>rDfirp of \ho heaiV I nvvci could eeoer- 
tain that il eiilsorven any s^i^ial fnndiuo, ami tbr Inclianc 
ira iJi* Aiiiafltii kiHiw miUiitiK alum! il* tiaiv" ThrH* pro- 
tubi-mnt'LW rnHHiT.ik\ in thvir t^rrirHluiil iipp<^nrrtnre. the tt<"fthy 
r-arhun* W on <b^ hcai^ ^A c^rialn bjhls: but mtbrllii-r tbry 
terveuM oi'(iajiienf8'Tita^l rviiuiiji iil pn-U'i^t ilnnlilftil. 

1 hear frifux Ppo(eBM>r Aunuijs onii I>r. Curthfr, tliat tht* 
maiei of thenar fiJibeit, wl»ch diffri j>eniiaiu'ully in roloiir 
from thr rnnflW^ nflen become inor^ tifillinilt ddrin^r IHo 
bree<Iin|*'Waaom T\m u Ukt^viiat tfic cnin' nith n muUidiiit- 
of fishft, ihentxcr cif wliieTi nre idenlfj-ol in fulniir at all uHii^r 
wfljuins; of Ihe yi«r The t*>neh, rL*a*li. ami percb mny ha 

i<<r: Jvir i«AK p m. vha k itimn. 

\lurn nilur »■«• ofniUi l-c titilMl f/ 

irtaklt ili« oHi m net known. 

•• IW. lUFit)»rf/rilJr»DBor?i*the*s' 
Tol m ph ?<>1 ILUI ftfi 
■■ IV*- lil^r, 'A Journal lo Rr4itl,' Sf 

tmxt. Xlt 



markoii oti tho cU^^hii with oran;»oijloutxri ^inpi^ which 

gi»t il the *pjnyijiiBi:i- of ^ Ljl»nf^ Biifl tJw in«l;j^ imrtiik^ of 

;;itliUrU orange Ciu^jc. Thf frmnlr* nri* diirk iu ooloar. *nj 

c<rmmonly cnllcci llnck-ri^h/' " An annUifi"iif niiH ov^^n 

[lelkKt C'haii;.^ lakrft platr willi tIil- I'^ii'mn ^TI'^J *»r bwU 
; tlie malt'^ vt iht dmr |>'- urnA/u) ort.' llkfwiii? fit IhU 
-dvin nithpr luricHUr m wlmrf tlniu the ft-iiialL-a." Th«^ 

;h|in]r> f»f tlir jirkr (/*aiw rttiruhtjif) rti iho I'attiHl SMtiv, 

jfiecjall) of th** niflle, bi^ouiiie, ituhng Ihc brwImg-fniHoh, 

ikinit iiixtHficp fiu< of tnuny it iithtrth'd hv the* m«If uni-kl^ 

»ck ('/isf^iv'a/^i* Uiiirvs}, irhich it (l«ftr^i^ffi W Mr. Wur- 

311,** Bi" Ix'iui: th^-n "hoantiful Ix-voiid dt^icriptioti-" 

4|r Iwk JIDtl mnG of thi< fi'fTiflli' urv iLi)it|th hrown utiil |h« 
'lly whit**- Tho <^pf nf lh** mfl!r-j, on thr other hnnd. niv "of 
iLiuid spt'^uiiid ^r«ou. having' u uLilflllic Iuf1t« lik'ii the 
'ion n-Arhrr« uf to]tii> hiiittTiniif'-ljinli Tlir Ihniiit uiul 
Uy arp cif » bn^lit rrim^nn. thp hjir-k of an :tthy'icnwn, ind 
^Mk >vt]ok- fifth \t[>\si:ait ita tTiou<:h it were bomowhat IraTti^ 
luL't-nl hikI ;;toii«(l n-ifh lui iiitenial inonnde^ceDi*^." Afirr 
brrcdin^ ^m^on thvFc mloiirii all <hATi>:c, lhf> thn>iit and 
'l!y l»vomt» of a raier iv<J. tli»* lirti-k more grrrn. nnd ihc 
Hin;* lintK iLuhtiSc. 

With rwprM (<» the cour1i»h>p of fi*hc». other cnse* hnte 
■^n oJ»rter^t''l -^ifn'*' ihe flrsl eiliiion nf (Iiik IhihV nppmtuU 
Ji-Jt* thai jilrrtnU pvi^n of Iho jrtkklelMck. Mr. W. S. 
Kent Jrtv* thai thr mnlr t>r llir Lalrtia mirluA. iv-hidi. aa we 
hurt- h<<-iit ihfTff»j in n»loiir from thr fi-mnlr, tTinkiw "a (l«-p 
holloa in th^ md4 oI tho tank* anrl then endf^nvmirf in tlvc 
most persuasirr mnnn^ to irdtiw a fi-niak- of tht" aattir tpit*- 
1o ^hun* il with him. fwirnmiiij^ iHtrkwarft* Nnfl formrrls 
^tvr^n hrr anA the eomplrtci) ae^t^ ami pbinly rxhihiliiifi 
grtaU«l diijciety for hor to follow." Tlif TUdlcc of fiju 
rriM frttf'jftot bvcfufhi?, <!uniig the lirpedlnp-HW»»*in, of "Wp 
E^ik'Ti Mark; th^^y tht^n rrtin.^ from the sliool. nnd exi«va1e 
a brilUw tu a ne*t- '" Each male nou mriuntji vikrilant pniH 
nter hi* pwpeeliw hcUrtW'. nnri vignrnnfly GttJftckK and flrivpt 
ay "ny nth'r fiih of tlie iUiuc ife.\. 'towrtflfl hi« (*>iii' 
iiijont of I hi- LtppiMirr M^^ Wih comltjcl i» fur dilTrr^it: niAnj 
of the lat1«- are noir diat^nclrc) vilh tpa^rn, and Ihe^p he «fl- 

B Y4m1l. ■ Br;ibh FUhw,* vol. U 
. I>>, It, Vk 
Tlinni*>'i. In ' AmuJh tnl 





i-MtT a 

d«ivo» bv til the mwiw in his poirev to 1ur« uri:lv li^ IiIa 
l>rrpnroil hollnw, nri<t ih<'iT to drp*'Fit Ihc luvrwd uva willi 
uhirli lliK-y riri' lofkiD, wlricli lit then [irolecU And ^tmriU with 

A tnorir jtriking oisr rf tdiirtflliip, up irrll n* nf di^plaj, \iy 
ihr mMliv i^f M <"iiiin^ic* \fnf'ti>{ii»i Ims \Mfn }i\\i*r\ hv il, C»f- 
iboniittrr. who t«r«fully utn^rvin] th«*« fldht<^ kumI^t conlint 

thwTi Ihr ft*miil(V- Diirinfl tho hri'cH3ii]g-«iisnn Ihoy C'^ntciifl 
ior tho powrwion of iho frmfllc*; «rnl, in tJi*- ad <■! lourl- 
ahip. tMii^nuJ their fint, wlui:h are spcilted uml omanimtwl 
viui bri^-hrlv coIoumtI mrn, in tho sanu' inanncr, •cmiHin^ 
to M. t'nrborjiiir_r, a» Iho prftr<>rl.. Thfy thm nlso bound 
about like fc'i[iit]«« witli uiuch vi\adl_v. aiiiJ aitix.'Mi- liv 
■' r^tnU^o Je le^ir* vive« ooul^rurv rherehir ft alliri.'r I'liitrii- 
lion dw frnu'llcs, I'-s^udlr* n* fHrnfwnicnt itidifForrnt« I't c« 
mnrr^gp, rTli* rtii^wf'Til avrr iiiu' mulU' l*»fjl»>iir vi-r- W mAfffi 
«l ^^TribleioT^t ee eomnlure daiu Li>ur voiniiia;;*.'/' AfkT the 
niuk huH vrti) bin hrulc', htr mnW a lifllc dific <>f frolh b^ 
hlnu jM^ jiir :iiid nim'iiA mit of bi^ mmiHi. lie Ibfn <HiT]o4<ffl 
thF f(?t*uli«ed ova> dropp^id bjr the (c-mal^, in hie mouthy and 
this f'AiTsed M, rnrbcnnier much alarm, w ht? Ibmij^bt tbnl 
(brv McTi' yoiii;;: to hv dcvntin-d. Jlnt Ujr nmir wiotj drpiwitu 
Ibt'in Jn thp dine fif fMtb, nf(rrwnrd,i ^tinrdinj; Ihcni. r^pftir- 
io^ iht fn.<lli. and tubiuj.' lar^ t>f iho voiitiK ubt^ii baldit-rh 
1 mrrxtrim tlitfr |iiirlR-tibir!« fitviiiin', im wt' ^bfill firtw.-rtly si*t<. 
^tbffrr tifv tifhrc, tbc mnl™ of whiHi hiift'h th^'ir r^j^ in Ihnir 
nmi(]it> utid IhciHL' \tlRi do nvi b<-1t^Vf^ in Ihc piiiiciplc of 
prHdiiul ^-i)lutii>ii miffht ask how eonld »urh a Imhii \m\-c 
ongmntcd; 1ml llio diflii^uily in mLir'b dimtnii^hifl ivht-ii wo 
knmv thai Uicre are fithcJi whicb thu* cctlloct ond cnrry Ibc 
^ffi; for if delay^l by any ffl!»4c in dfpotitinif them, the 
babtt of hulchiDK fh<in in th>.^r tnoutha mif:ht have bcon 


To rptiirn to tytit biotp immiHiiatp siihjVrt- Thr' ijtw 
btJindri thu?: fcmalv fisbrt. a? far a? 1 can h:arn, n^i-i^cr wlll- 
iriRlt i-piiwti I'xcrjjf ill tbt.- prfwmi- of rhi? iHnk-*; and the 
naW n^'top f<»rtili*'» Iho ura ix^^pt in the prc*<'Tuv nf Iht* f*- 
malt"*. The males fi^ht for thi^ pnwwJon of tlv fi^mnloji- 
In HMny sEn^cirt. tbc* iral^^H *hfUf imtng ivwmMc- the fcninle« 
in nolotir; but «hwi nd^lt Ijeooim- mtieh more hrilb^ir^F. and 
retain their colours IhrouffhoLit life. In olbrr ojiccics the 
malm beeome brighter tfmn lb« ft'inalet and 'itheru'ij^e riiore 

ifiiUui,' PuHo, J alt, IWk, utfl JaiL 

ruPL xa 



liigbl/ cTTkam^nled. only during the MBflnan of loiv. Thu 
mik^ tL^^Lloiink limn Ih*' foitiaIi>^, end tn oii« CAM, as wo 
Imtt m^m. takr pnin«i in ditptdtiik;; tlLoir In^uutj before Uioiu, 
Can it )i^ Wli'^vt'rl ilmt [1ii*y Wttuld Ihim w<L Ui no pur- 
poic dunn^ Uirir oourl^hiii? And Ihi^ would bo th«» ctuv, 

imkN wtitHi iiWm' or rtritr Ihini mmL If tlip frinulc 
«ierlJ> Kvdi choree, all llw nt>ovo fActfi on tht ni-rnn^trntilion 
of ihtr injilrj twtxiiii? bt ouce inltlligibk % llie aid of aejc- 

M\' liavo iiMt lo im|iiirc tf hcthor this viinv of the bri^rlil 
colours 111 I'L-rtAiii mnlt (lBln■^ liAvin^ litcn occjuircd lhr\»ijfc;li 
KTiQii] udff-ticin CHI), thriJiixfi tl^*' '»"' "^ l^i*' f^siml tniiihrpiin' 

in wluL^k tfie miiicT jmU fi'iMuU-fl fliT briMinnt in llir Aimi\ or 
iiftirir Oh' wiiiHi* Jii-r** and fnanri*-?. In ^wU s pi-iuih »« 
IdHhruj, whiifi iHchid**^ fonic ^jI Hit mufl sf^li'miid flaht^ iti 
thf wotM — UiT JMHtaiici', the IVoctrck Ijibnin iL, pat^r). dc- 
8fTihw1," witfi frfinTi^Tiahli^ ^YnfTpcrallriri, ns fiirint-rl ttf jml- 
tehod tft«lc« ff i^ld, iHLniaUriK l"!'i« lai^uli* rubu'p, wpphir^^ 
rmmKK iiiid on^Hhyiib — qi- lEJiiy, uitki tiiurli (irclmbilitr, 
Am*p1 l!ki« lM»liff; fr»r u*' hn^f wvn tJisil Ihr- -en™ in tit li^fltl 
nnc rppcit* -jf the ;.'<nu* dilFLT ^roatly in oj!'»nr WiMi soino 
fledm. n» Hitit trmiiv nf Ihr Uiur^t ntiiiiinlAH :<|jlrnilid culoiint 
ma* hr th*' dirc^-t r^iilt nf Iho naliirt' of thHr tiflMiu* iind of 
llw' ♦nrr-mndinj; (vndilU'DH. wilhout rlio aid jf si'kilinr: of 
BUI kiiirl. 'Hio f7«)M-rL-<!i {('ifpritiuj' fiHntliir), j[it\yh\y. Ui\a\ 

the iitiftlogy of tluT giildi'ii vnriLHy of tho common mrp, is por- 
ha[« a COAT io F'<'iT^1> aa it may ow« it^ eplcndid toluun lo a 
aingk ul>ru|>[ larijiliini. <\iw lr> Llit- oundilifuis tn uhii-li tliix 
fliii Ihih ^rt'^T nubjrHf'd iindiT tM>rlinMn(»nt- It ih, hotrt>vnr. 
Tiiorf probitblo thnt thoiw colniir** liaTt Leer irilaiJ-ill*:'! 
Ihrmi^)] HTfifli'ial m'ln'timi. ih HiJ^ 4{itvii^ liiiii Ihh^h 4'flri-fii1t_> 
hred in I'liina from ii rt-inuro pm<M!." Hndor tialiirnl mndi- 
tioiii" it do<-fl tiot >iTm |in"j|>jil(lo tbnl iK-insTJi ?n liitililv oryan- 
imm] 84 fl8l)4>, arid vhii-li |[\e under hiiHi <r>injd<'X rv-lnlii^ni*. 

C\im. (flltou NuL" tmr. It IK(«. p, 

I^UttlErt, h wl^ EH 111 V tr-M^- Hit J|i^ V»- 
Ur W F Mhym iTliihiw 

iiiLtnml 4. u ii'di In Oii> ^Hir im 
lhf*t fl^lx' fll^ui"U<l. Ill ■Et^iLliar 
^Jhv il ia MHi»j tlmt viii-'" l^*- vitriol 
Uuirr liw Ivt'ii "vrr'']i|f(<) cl TlUkflr- 
i.-li'^i* ■ viirli^t><*]Ff>l Oitllrr: Hth.ftvrji 
iTj» MXi'n*Mly rod i^Jtmr l[ i* anf**^ 

fi'iM tiiki''m 'it t* uhI vLiltrvilTl, •• ri- 




TUK iii^^CNT or nxn. 

fifti a 

ehnii)d beoome brillinutly efllonrod vitlMul niJbriiis •obw 
evil or recviviiL^ «omif li^iir^fit fri>tii au f^reat a ehun Attd 
c<rin«4^r^mmnjr without ihi* iiiU'rv^Dtjcm of iiAturar ^elvKv 

Wl^L IIk^u. mr we to cuiidui.1e m regard to the man^ 
fifth««. both iL'X&t of wiiii'h ai'O «plvnilidl| (?i>loitr3d^ Mr 
Wiillitv"' bclicvd thill ihp aficcn-t wUn?h (ru-qiivnt revf*, 
wlujv noraU fliid oih^T bright ly-<^ Inn red or^nm^Tn^ Abound, 
aiv brightly coloured id ord^r lo ef^ape detMion \yy lli^r 
t'lit-mii-ri: but OfcortUf;*: ti> niy ret-ollwliori th<?y w^re IhuA 
rf^nili^rr^il htj^hljv raii^iiic^miiu. In thr fnvh-vnlcn* of Ihi? 
trrfpi.^ (hflTt* ar^ nn brilliant I y^'^'^Iourvd comh nr nthor or- 
jtauiMnd for thr llsbiep lu rx^fniblt^; yil m^mv yiocJot iu the 
AniaTioii* nrr hrHUiifullv ri>l(Hiriil. anii mwiii of llie itirumi* 
rcnif ( T|>rJni<]!i' jh JnJiA un^ nrnunKiiIi^d with " bri^jht lutisi* 
tutJirnl lifK-i^ of ifiiious tint^'*'^ Mr. M^Uldlaiid. in ao^ 
n'rihin;; rhrf^e liNhi'*. ^OfF^ m fur fit 1(» AU|t[ici«^v Ibul ^' the ji4>- 
cuUar bfillinney of Ih^tT tolotira " «;rvt« » '" u litti^ murk 
for kins'fifihcn", t^rrw. and olh<T bird* vhich nr*^ ilortinrd 
to k«-|i Ih? ntiiiiTHT iif thtw fie^htn in cherk;" hut at the 
prftK.'nt duj ft-w iiotunLtiBld wUI udmit thai nby aiiima) has 
bccR ntndc ccnnpii:ut>;j# ar- 4iii aiti to it« own di?»tru<:tJO[i. It 
in potisilil^ that certain lUUtn mav havo Wn mid^r^ t^un- 
Bpictiou^ til "iHcT to wnrti hinTo and hrmlw of prey that th<*y 
wmr- ijiijmlnEflble. n* I'^j^laiirt^d rtbrii Irrstinj; of cnli-rfnlluni; 
hot it r« not. 1 l)r>1i4>vo. known thai aity tl^h, at Ifanl any 
fri-nh-imtcr fi*h. i* P^jrrtrH frnm tiring diflostffn! to fwh- 

dl'V^^M^^J^ JinimaU, On thv wholi', thr trin*t |jrnliihh* lirw 

iu r^^rd to th* li^lus. of which hoth 8ev<« nrp brilliantly 
colonrtti, if that Ihrir colours wvre fttitnirisl by the nialrr^ as 
nvrtmr] nmaitiM 
lo tho filhrr bi^t, 

Wt' havi- now to conaider whether, when th^ malf iliiT<*ra 
111 11 mdrVinl trmiinrr frnni the ft'rrmh* In roToitr or in iitlier 
nr^amrnU. hr ilon** hnp hron modified. tVjo vanithoni' bcinj? 
inl^^Tilrd by hi* nmlo otT^prins nionf; nr nhHhi^r th<' fi^niAle 
hnfl l»f*r ^por-ially modifled and r**ndfrp»l infoncpirnaiw fnr 
the* Nike of nrotn^Lion. Mi^h fiiodifi<n1ion^ b<-in^ inhmted 
only by the fi^maW Tl i* imjvwwihlr to f!onht that n»loiir 
hhft hp^n eainod hv inany fch^ av a fitutMion: no nnt' tmn 
etamioe the sm^eklcJ upper fitrfecc ct a litiiindrr, and qvct- 
lotik it» rewroblBncT lo the taiidy V-d uf tV- b« on wluoh il 
livw- Certain flfchns, morcovi-r, ran ihnnii/h fhe ni-linn w! 

n *rtiml nmani*"nf , and wrn* tmnHrrpml niiwlW, ur nmrly no. 


Wbtn'inMbrKirrVJulviM7.|i T. I«fli). ^\<]lll1^ KfOHnrfavA,' tuL ilx 

eiun X\L 



tlt« B^rvDiia «T6ten ohnn^o Iheir coloure in adflptatioD to 
irroijii^lin^ fjlijwU, nnd tliat within n aliurl tim--,'^ One of 
ihr imjut kirikiiij^ lh^Iilihv* i'v<*t nviirilnJ of nn Biiiirml bi'in^ 
lllpr^ficlf^i lr\ iU rol^nir (ui^ fnr ke it I'fln b(» juclgtxl of in pr^ 
StTnTd Hj>tviiikrnff], iL* vA\ OA l>v iii iomi, i^ tiiat ^Jv«ii by Dr. 
fliiullwrr" of n pi|te-fL»h. wbicli. wiiU ito ivilili-tti ftfrmmiii^ 
filiununU* it hardly iliEtingi^isliubk from ih'.-' ^R-n«od to 
which it clifi^ viih il# prehensile tail. But the i|u<«tion 
now uiiiler eoitKiiliTaliiiii ih vht-llii-r llii* fi^jimli-ii hIoiio liavi* 
U*n modifitxl for Itu* objuM. Wi* run nfo th*]l <Jtie wk wJl 
not he pnoclifird tlm^uifh natnrni wKxtiun for tlie take ^>f 

trikt^ction mmv Iban 111** :»ll»"?r. (^upiinkm^- botli Xo v\iry. uii- 
IB one M-x id i^X[x.iM.^rL fi^ir u tou^LT |H.-rLu<t hi tXanpi^'T. or li^u 
luM |K>»cr of c#i:nfiin>c frnm *nfh dnriKer tlinn iVi** rtlicr; nn*l 
it dopfl not npiirfir tli^l wJLli HHhH^ tHt' -PVf^ dilTcr in |)i»n<> 

re^pooli?^ Af I Ar oi there i^ aiiv difTerenoe, tti<? lualt^. from 
btiiifc' geiitiuHj -tniAllcr am] from wnnclctin^- more nbciut, 
■nr mihvril 111 f^n-nUt ilsn^^t-r than tht^ frmnlp*; and }-et, 
irbPTi thf 60x<« <hff<^r, the innle*i are fllnnwt alwnvn Ihe more 
cunBpi(T]ou»lT I'fjlnnrrii. Thn ijvn *irr firlilis<.'i.l immc^liHtt'l.v 
iifler In-ill^ ilrp(W]t<'il: t\n\} whm thii* pronwt luvli: fur wvi-rnl 
(Invf* an ]n Ih** ejxflf fif the enlmon,*' th** f(^nnle, dnrinj; rho 
whole liuie. in aUt'in-l-'-I br the male. After the t^^a are for- 
Uiiw^J tlipy nre. in imir-t tiiPiiH. lefl UDprotectii) hy both 
pitT^Di^, Mk thar the miili^- nnH frmalof, am fnr at ovipoi^iUon 
la niticemeil, are cqnallv r^xpa^ed to dunjfer, and both are 
•■lually important f>>r the jirridnnion of fertile oira: i?onp*e- 
f)Uf^Cly the mon- nr le*? hriylilly eolonusl iiulivtduidn of 
either M'\ »»>iiM li*' ctinnllr Hnhlf to ho derirnycri or prr- 
servii), nrid lM»lh would lijivrnn pqiifil influrnrerin thp t^ibiurfl 
iif Ihrir otfiprmx^ 

tVrtain (Wn^ Wnnirinc to itpTrral fnTinl!'*^. maVo nnat^ 
and some of them IflV*' oaro nf thoir ymmj! whm bjitchwl, 
JSolb K-\<* of the hri^'ht-coionrc^d Vrrhthbrui* ru'ifei^'i and 
HKfe/ii work liiRi'thiT in buildltiK tlicir iK?t* wiili *rn-wt-ftl, 
KhplK Jte,** lint fb*- tnal™ of fvi'tain fiibr*: <!o nil the ncirk, 
*n(l afterivird lake exchieive rJinrp* nf the yonnir- Thi*( ia 
Ihr cflrt? with the i1iill'v.'ul»ured ;robit'j*," in wliieh tbt aetw 
FT* not biionn to itftTcr in (rihir and likevi-iae wUb tho 
#titkl«hackf (<;flj4tiTnst<n*), in whirh the niflloa Ixv^omr bril- 
liantly rulonred diirJit^ lh« ^pawiiin^' «eaMf£t. The male of 

■II, |%>*.'Jirt, UlortUfct K*V. I, " Awwrtinp 1ft thfl *l*ff"»tinii» «f 





tlic emooth-tAiIvil Mii:k[«tMif.'k {0. H«m*> iierformt tlw tlcHoa 
of a TiLiTM; uilli r-\t-iri[ilur)' atn* iind TijfihiEici.* rtiinn^ a ^*>tjjg 
Utile, uiid IF (-^mti nil oily vin|)loyei) m jtently Uudin^ Uick the 
)ruUD£ ti> tfie iR^stp ubou they ttraj 1>X7 far. lie c(iitMi)reQi»1j 
~VH flvrnr all t^n^mies inetuding the feinilefi of Iiik own 
ef. Ji would iodccd bo no itmnll relief io the Pial^ if 
femule. jifler depiwiling her cgjr*, nrre immeilialely 
deiroiir<HJ bv wiino *.»neini% for he i* frirrvil inopfwfltiU)' In drifff 
ber from tlit iiuft," 

Thr [iiiitn (if i-rrtuin olhvr flshvf inlTJiLitiiifc Stmtli Amef^ 
Ten Slid IVvNiOh ln*lotigiTig lo iivo ili^linrt CJMrr*, have the 
<.'xtnkijrit>iiury haljil of liaTchiM^' wiihjii tLeir moilthe, (>r 
hrjiiichijil t'livilji?*, ihv c^^^s luiil bj lie fdimloi.*'' I am in- 
fiinm^l by rr^ifi-i*or AgnMiK tbill Ihi* tnnhv of Uir ATimwininn 
»*pwie* wIluIi follow tliia habit, *' nol only ore jicnrtnlly 
brij{]itiT IliJtu ibe fiTimW but tin? (liffert-jice in j,'r«ittr at the 
i*|ittwninn'*c-uji»» thiin at any rjther tinu*,"" The »(H>oi« of 
(!cflpho(fUi^ nff in the ^me iiiaimtTi and iri this R^*^' • *™^ 
epinioiLB [ifululii-EniKv bei.'iriTi('f* di-vi'Iojifd on llie forelicfl 
uf the niukv during tho bri-vdiii^-H'iLMin, With ili<> varioiift 
sptt-icji of t'Lrftmid*!, a^ IVifi'wior Atrns^rK likewise^ i»form> 
iMt'. *i'\\iii\ diffiTi^TKTh (it riih»iir may Iw nliHeufd. " whi'ihiT 
tb»*y \ay flioir va^i^ m lli^^ w^li^r ninon^ iL^juiilit.' plaiiti, t^r i\&- 
[jonil Ihini ill iittif;*. Iejiviii|r tlicm to come out irithont 
furlhiT cim; or huild nhalluu' tii*U In tht* river mud, over 
vEiub thev Bit, AH fjiir iVitnotia duoft. It aiifiht al^ to be 
ohKervei! lUttl thwe Httn> are niDong ibc brighlr&t upct-iM 
til llieir r<fl(?«ii4T fHiTiiliiv: tur ifiMiHiire, flysrotrtiniiii i* 
briifht flT"fn, with Inr^p Kl.ifk fieelli, ent'ireloil villi l.b^ iinwt 
biilliftnl r-cL" Wbt^tb<.-r with dl the ^iiecifw of ('hrniiiiiln 
it t* the iii)di' hIihh' wlnt'ii »ilw *ui llir ryj:* in iinl kiifiwn. It 
U. hcmi'\<'r. niEifiirt-sl liint tlip fflet of rhi? e^rt's beir^' pn*- 
tivteil or impri>le"led by the iiareriU. Iiari liml Jiltb" <ir no 
iiifluerirp nil Ibe ililT^rt'iii^Mi iti cnloiir hi'fwcrii (he »-xe*- 
It IV furiht'i- I II H II If <?*,!. in nil the tnj^H in wbioh tlic mnltw 
trtko eX(l«Hvc choree of the |n'^^^fl nnd Vuuiia;. thai Mie i!e- 
str^jeliiiii of lb>' hri^diter'toloirrrd mrikx would 1h' fur inorL- 
inllueiUial on Uio ohorue1*T of ibr rfwc, thnn tho dci^tnirtion 
vt thi* hri^ibler-rolottred ffnialu"; fur the deatli uf Hit male 
during tW pnoH of jiienhation ftp unndng woukl etitAit Ihe 
i3«'&th of l^li• yi>i»i|;. i*(j thai tk(\v fuuld not inbmt hi^ fMMml' 

fti«-.orN«i iru,'3fin.i4,iwT. 

I'ft^f TiifiK'r In ■ Juurrtal rtf An 

■vfiH Ur Wuriii/\iiiiS tiia»t liiU<f- 
«MlMf dwvtli^i>n 1^1' Lh*- L*tl>l|i rif |la> 


uritl Khy*-' Kiy. I, liii'i, p ?». Ilr. 
i-itnthpr but IlkffwiHr JncfiUJ ifllitt 





iar in Tikdny of 1hi?4« vi>rv t^uiM the main an> inoro 

txi[ . I _^ colourtd ihnn the fi-mnlis. 

Jtc.) tfui m.ilef hATf oilfxT mar-iiinikl Fi^irk'' nr lii-miiJ|?h«ri(7fll 
deproAODfl oil tIjCT *bJomtn- in wliiili llio ovn UiU hv tli« ft- 
nial« urt baldiinl. Tliv mulr^ iilwi »lii^ yjmi allarliET»^it to 
llmr Tciung.'* Tht hoi*^ tk not i^iminonk ^liiTiT murh 
in colour; bnt Dr. (j\mU>or b«lifvc^ tZmt the iiiolt^ Hip]70- 
i!tiiii|n are rnllir-r ^righlrr UiHii U»' r^-inult*. Tin- ^^i-iuib 
Si>li;!fioHli>n«. hottvviT. "jflcTi* « i'«riiF(w rxce|»ti()iml <twc?,'*' for 
tlir fmidlv in TnLirli iciorv viviijlrcrjtourri] alhI ^|H>tt(i] tlian 
llw uiak'. and fhf H)ittii> lin« a rnikrHkijihil xhi-k ;iiul liAti-h^hi 
the 0|E|ffl? ^ tli't llto f^'iiijili* of Siik'ixjHlriinJl tlJlToni train itU 
th4^ otlicT [>»pttntininchii in thii Inilor rc?<|A'(t, juid from 
slmiMii nil Mtbrr fifchw, in U'in>; mon- l»ri;ihlU-<'<fl<HJrf(i Umii 
t)i» innlo. It is inipri>bablo tItAi tliu rcrnarkAlfl^ iloiLbli? iiivcr' 
cii>n of character m Ihc frjiuik- ^flimiM Ijv nii aottdttitul coiu' 
cklrtice. A« th4> FnnTt^ii ^^f n^vcnil (tsln^, ivhUh T»k(* i*xHiJ- 
eif* chargif oi ihp v^^v nml vouni:, an* more hrightiv coloured 
IhaD Ui< fcfiiale^. hiiU ab hiTi- tin- fiTimk' .Solfiioftnniii takrs 
thr Mimp* HiJirjJ!!- iiml iii hri^^Sitcr thnn llir 'iirl4<, it mi^lil Ik* 
aign«4 thai (he c\>n^mnL.»u^ colours of tha. d^k whtdi i^ iho 
monf EiiijjuiliiuL ol Uit Iwti for I he* wrlf«ri' *it the i^ffspring, 
miisil U' jr >i<in;t mannpr prolor-th'p. Hui from tht* large 
nmnbcr v>i ti^hvi. of whitL tin rmilw art' oither pcnuanontJv 
(ir f«rt(Hlirn11> brij/hti-r than Lhi' frninlry, liul wUic^- life is 
Dot at nil iitom imnorlnni tv the wdfart* of thr ti|ii?<Mi<)< thnn 
Uul i>f lIk- fi'iiiak* lliii vit'W uih lmr<llv W inalutainoJ. 
Wb«a M<- lri<nt of hiriU vi* ihcill ini-tH with uiuiToyiiim oaneH, 
ttht-ro Ibt'n.- has Ijoph a rouipli-li* irivonion <4 lhi» ni^uul iitlrU 
bitlt^ of llio two wxcfl, and vie *-lii[ll Mifii give what apr^^rti 
to hu iJki' pndaililf explaimtii'ii. Eiiinifl), lluil fhi' iimk.H 1iavv 
Wr|«^t«) (hi-< lijuro nUniL'tiit frliijkh-4. jiieIc'JiiI nf iLf.' hilt^r 
liavmi: jrU'rtH, in ncfordiinn' with llir o^iml nili' throu^h- 
uul Ih4*antnid1 Lin^ihirii, Hit' iiniri' Hltr»U'1iv>' oiiiliw, 

On ihe wh>>!e H'*^ mnv (OiR'liidc', IhaT ^lilh tnost fipli*?, 
in vTiich tht' i^iwm ditfi:r in roToirr or in olhiT ormiim'ntiil 
diamrfi'rm tin* iimiIc* orij:ionlly viirird. wilh ihrir \rtriatioii» 
Innsmilt^ to tht? ^me fe.c. and arcumiilAtfd throu>!h of^Eual 
8tl«ciioti by attractinic or cxiilni;; iUe rvmaU-?<. In many 
cflMsi, hitwwvi, tnvh AiuTnvU'rr. hiivi* lav^it Irariitfi'rn'ih t ilbi-r 

• Y4m-]1, < >IUT rif RriliAh WWim^' nf /miti Iirr,' liy r»| riayfiiir, t-nn, |i. 

lul il tF4< |>|iL>^, S36^ 1S7. >iu (V *«iti»ln»l Ih* nT'^miea*i 

4* tir- 4SfiDia*r, jitiH« ^iiMUhmf ucl Miid lii* f i^«o nic ihc bLovu iiir«iTD»- 

aa»uiii of (hU itpfvlH ID ' Tli« Mkbvfl UoiL 

.J .Gooi^lc 



Pur II 

parli^lT or pomplddy, to Iho fL^raaliii. In dhw __ ... 
ujCAiUf mlh »rx<i< huTu Wn c<ilflUrcil nlik-^ for tll«^ twkc 
(kf ]ir<it«H:-tloii; 1<ut Jn lui inMHliir *\tiin it n|>|ii>ar llidl ihv 
ff'innl^ n]on« hau liad her colours or olh«r cliarvlov specially,