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Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2007 with funding from
Bessie (Leach) Priddy, r. Grand Historian.
(Author of Delta Delta Delta History.
A DETAILED RECORD
DELTA DELTA DELTA
Jlr*. BESSIE(LEACH^PRIDDY, Ph. B.'91
GRAND HISTORIAN 1902-1908
AMY OLGEN PARMELEE, r Grand President
R. LOUISE FITCH, e Editor Trident
THE MAIL PRINTING COMPANY
By R. Louise Fitch
This outline of the growth and achievements of Delta Delta
Delta has been collected and compiled from the historical matter
written and collected by the first Grand Historian of the frater-
nity, Sara Ida Shaw Martin (1897-1900), the reports transmitted
by Grand Historian, Lela M. Klampe (1900-1902), the fifteen
volumes of the Trident, the various directories, chapter letters
and Convention Reports issued, the Inter-Sorority Conference
Reports and special chapter reports for 1903-4, 1904-5 and
1905-6, received in answer to specific sets of questions issued by
the present historian. Many personal interviews with the
founders and early members of Alpha and the charter members
of the various other chapters and with grand council members
"have been helpful in information and suggestions. The author
has not labored under the mpression that this is a contribution to
literature. The intention has been to compile a record and a
No space has been taken for words of self-praise or gratula-
tion for it has been thought that the achievements of Tri Delta
will speak for themselves to all who may care to read.
While a task of many days, interrupted sometimes for
months by family cares, yet the compilation of this history has
nevertheless been a source of pleasure to one who has worked in
the ranks of the fraternity since the third year of its history.
All members and officers called upon for assistance have
loyally responded and to each and all of them is extended most
From the founders and earliest grand officers to the present
council, there has not been one who has not responded cheerfully
to frequent and troublesome questioning.
To the Editing Committee, R. Louise Fitch, Editor of the
Trident and Amy Olgen Parmelee, Grand President, the present
Historian owes a double debt, first of all for constant inspiration
and eager interest and second for entire readiness to render all
manner of aid and services outside of the technical duties de-
6 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
volving upon them. The interest and counsel of her husband,
Frank E. Priddy, a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon, have also
been drawn upon freely and often.
Kindly indulgence is asked for the multitude of errors that
must be made by one who attempts to compile nearly twenty
years of history from such scattered records as were to be com-
manded. More time and more labor could have brought this to
greater perfection but as time passes history is making and al-
ready enough of labor upon it has been added to a busy life to
equal the working hours of a year.
May these humble efforts open the way for some future
historian to perfect the task and also to inspire in all Tri Deltas
who read an abiding resolution to make a history worthy of pres-
In the bonds of Delta Delta Delta,
Bessie Leach Priddy,
Gamma (Adrian, Mich.)
Founding of Delta Delia Delta 17
Founders and Their Aim 22
First Members of Alpha Chapter 22
Trials of Alpha 25
Successes of Alpha 26
The Aim 26
Extracts From Records of Alpha Chapter 27
First Chapter Admitted 32
Naming of Chapters 33
Chapter Extension 34
Alumnae Alliances 35
In Other Lines v 37
Degrees and Insignia 38
Grand Council 41
Charter Grants 43
Alumnae Alliances 44
Finances of Individual Chapters 48
Visiting Delegate 49
Report of First Chapter Inspector 50
Publications of Delta Delta Delta 53
The Trident 53
The Trident — Table of Contents 56
Chapter Record Books 70
8 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Constitutions i 72
Convention Reports 70
Conventions of Delta Delta Delta 76
First National 76
Second National 78
Third National 80
Fourth National 81
Fifth National 83
Sixth National 84
Seventh National 87
National Alumnae Alliance Sessions 92
Province Conventions 93
Inter Sorority Events 97
Pan Hellenic Movements 97
Inter Sorority Events 98
World's Fair Pan Hellenic Movements 99-
First Inter Sorority Conference 100
Second Inter Sorority Conference 101
Third Inter Sorority Conference 101
Fourth Inter Sorority Conference 102
Fifth Inter Sorority Conference 108
Chapter Histories 110
General Notes 110
Chapter Histories 113
Alpha — Boston University 113
Delta (Deuteron) — Simpson College 117
Epsilon — Knox College 120
Delta — Iowa State College 126
Gamma — Adrian College 127
Beta — St. Lawrence University 130
Zeta — Cincinnati University 133
Eta — University of Vermont 137
Theta — University of Minnesota 141
Iota — University of Michigan 143
Kappa — University of Nebraska 146
Lambda — Baker University 148
Sigma — Wesleyan University ' 151
Upsilon — Northwestern University 154 .
Nu — Ohio State University 157
Omicron — Syracuse University 159
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Mu — University of Wisconsin 161
Xi — Woman's College of Baltimore 165
Pi — University of California 167
Rho — Barnard College 170
Tau — Bucknell University 172
Phi — Iowa State University 174
Chi — University of Mississippi 176
Psi — University of Pennsylvania 178
Alpha Xi — Randolph-Macon Woman's College 180
Alliance Histories I 82
General Note 182
Alpha Alliance— Boston Mass 182
Epsilon Alliance — Galesburg, 111 183
Chicago Alliance — Chicago, 111 183
Zeta Alliance — Cincinnati, Ohio 184
Gamma Alliance — Adrian, Mich 185
Sigma Alliance — Middletown, Conn 185
Omicron Alliance — Syracuse, N. Y 186
Theta Alliance — Minneapolis, Minn 186
Delta Alliance — Indianola, Iowa 186
Eta Alliance— Burlington, Vt 186
Beta Alliance— Canton, N. Y 187
Rho Alliance— New York City 187
Denver Alliance — Denver, Colo 188
Los Angeles Alliance — Los Angeles, Calif 188
Mu Alliance — Madison, Wis 189
Nu Alliance — Columbus, Ohio 189
Kappa Alliance — Lincoln, Neb 190
Pi Alliance — Berkeley, Calif 190
Upsilon Alliance — Evanston, 111 190
National Conventions 195
Province Conventions 195
Alumnae Alliance Sessions 196
Grand Councils 196
Chronological Outline 198
Biographical Notes 200
Tri Deltas in Phi Beta Kappa 205
Tri Deltas in Sigma Xi 207
In Memoriam 207
Members of Delta Delta Delta 209
10 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Iowa State College 219
Kappa '. 229
Sigma ' 241
Alpha Xi 247
Chapter Roll of Delta Delta Delta 248
Alumnae Alliance Roll of Delta Delta Delta 249
Chapter Convention Representation 251
Sorority Parallels — Statistics 252
Sorority Table 253
Sorority Parallels on Sixteenth Birthday 254
Sorority Parallels — Publications 254
Sorority Parallels — Date of Chapter Establishment 255
Index of Illustrations
Abercrombie, Mary Taylor 200
After Convention, (1907), House Parties 80
Allen, Emily F 196
Alpha Charter Group, (1889) 116
Alpha Chapter Rooms 116
Alpha Xi Charter Group, (1905) 180
Alpha Xi Chapter Rooms 180
Autographs of Past and Present Grand Officers 40
Ball, Marion E. P 204
Baltimore Fire Scenes, (1904) 164
Berry, Hattie ...- .' 80
Beta Chapter Houses 130
Breed, Isabel Morgan 24
Budd, Etta May 196
Business Stationery — Chapter Designs 40
Carnegie Hero Medal, awarded Lavinia Steele 148
Certificate of Membership Adopted 1905 40
Chapter Record Book and Song Book 56
Charter Issued to Youngest Chapter, Alpha Xi 40
Chi Charter Group 176
Christening of Battleship "Kansas" 148
Circle Degree Pin, adopted 1900 40
Closterman, Julia 200
Colson, Edith ( Waite) 196
Constitutions of Delta Delta Delta 56
Convention Snap Shots, (1907) 80
Crouse Chapel and Dormitory, Syracuse, N. Y 160
Danforth, Effie Leach 200
Delta Chapter House ; 116
Delta Delta Delta Jewelry 40
Delta Delta Delta Pennants 40
Delta Delta Delta Table Service 40
Designs of Official Stationery 40
Directories of Delta Delta Delta 56
Dunning. Agnes ( Powers ) 196
Dyar, Annie L 200
Emblematic Stationery Designs 40
12 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Epsilon Active Chapter, (1904) 124
Erdman, Dr. Carolin (Edgar) 196
Eta Chapter House 136
Eta Charter Group 136
Eveleth, Martha 30, 196
Fac-similie First Page First Trident 56
Fifth National Convention Group (1900) 80
First Alliance Convention Voting Delegates, (1898) 80
First Charter Bearing "Grand President" 40
First Charter Issued by Alpha Chapter 40
First Delta Delta Delta Banners 40
First Delta Delta Delta Pin 40
First Epsilon Chapter Picture, (1893) •. . . 124
First Gamma Province Convention Group, ( 1895) 80
First Illustrated Trident Cover 56
First Jeweled Pin, Trident and Circle Degree Pin ' 40
First Theta Chapter Picture 140
Fitch, R. Louise 204
Fobs, made by Wilbur-Lanphear Co 40
Frankish, Ellen H 196
Gamma Chapter Rooms '. 128
Gamma Charter Group, (1890) 128
Geographical Distribution of Chapters 40
Grand Council, (1897-1900) 196
Grand Historian at Work on Delta Delta Delta History 196
Hayes, Sara (Bartlett) 200
Hoch, Edna (Wharton) 204
Howard, Christine (Jansson) 204
Ingersoll, Patsie 80
Jacob Sleeper Hall 116
Johnston, K. Courtenay 200
Joslin, Charlotte 196
Kappa Chapter Houses 148
Kellerman, Ivy 200
Klampe, Lela M 196 200
Kurt, Sarah (Tucker) 200
Lambda Charter Group 148
Lambda Chapter House 148
Laurson, Almedia 80, 196
Leach, Bessie 80, 196
Luetscher, Elizabeth (Tumbleson) 200
INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 13
Mann, Dr. Eleanor ( Pond) 24
Markham, Dora C 196
Martin, Ida ( Shaw) 24
McKay, Mary A 196
Model Pasres in Chapter Secretary's Book 56
Model Pages in Chapter Treasurer's Book 56
Mu Chapter House 160
Non-illustrated Trident Covers 56
Official Badge (steel plate) 32
Official Flag of Delta Delta Delta 40
Official Pin Prior to 1900 40
Olgen, Amy H 204
Olson, Irene 200
Omicron Chapter Group 160
Omicron Chapter House 158
Palmer, Elizabeth (Gibbs) 196
Parmelee, Amy ( Olgen ) 204
Phi Charter Group 174
Phi Chapter Houses 174
Pi Chapter Houses 168
Pickford, Merle 204
Pins, made by Wilbur-Lanphear Co 40
Pond, Eleanor Dorcas 24
Powers, Myra C 204
Priddy, Bessie (Leach) Frontispiece, 200, 204
Psi Charter Group 180
Psi Chapter Rooms 180
Ratterman, M. Katherine 204
Rho Chapter Rooms 170
Rhodes, Louise (Robinson) 200, 204
Searle, Lucy 200
Second Alpha Province Convention Group, (1898) 80
Second Beta Province Convention Group, (1898) 80
Second Illustrated Trident Cover 56
Second National Convention Group (1894) 80
Seventh National Convention Group, (1906) 80
Shaw, Sarah Ida 24
Sherburne, Annie L 196
Sixth National Convention Group, (1904) 80
Spencer, Carolyn 200
Stationery Designs 40
Stewart, Florence Isabelle 24
Stillman, Clara F 200
Stone, Harriet E 196
14 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Tau Charter Group, (1904) 174
The Parthenon, Boston University, (1888) 116
The Parthenon, Boston University, (1907) 116
The Way to Knox, Galesburg, 111 124
Theta Chapter Rooms 140
Third Alpha Province Convention Group, (1899) 80
Trident Department Headings 56
Trueblood, Estella 196, 200
Tumbleson, Elizabeth 200
University of California 168
University of Mississippi 176
Upsilon Chapter Room 154
Whiting Hall, Galesburg, 111., (1904) 124
Xi Chapter Rooms 164
Zeta Chapter Picture 136
Alpha of Delta Delta Delta
FIRST TR1 DELTA POEM RECORDED
Vena Written by Sarah Ida Shaw, '89. and Publi*hed November, 1891, in
The Trident, Volume I , Number I .
There was tumult in the ocean
On a time some years ago,
As the sea-god's heralds hastened
On their errands to and fro;
For the mighty god Poseidon
Had sent forth a stern decree
That his council should be gathered
In his palace 'neath the sea.
For his messenger had brought him
From the blooming lands above,
On Thanksgiving Eve a letter
Full of greetings and of love,
Which read somewhat as here follows
"Dear Poseidon : We have heard
Of your wisdom, of your greatness,
Of your kindness. In a word,
We would fain become your children,
We would fain your subjects be.
If you only would instruct us
In that old Greek mystery
Which has come adown the ages,
From a time when men were wise.
When they knew the heart of nature,
Held communion with skies,
And divined the hidden meaning
Of each star whose constant light
Was a beacon to the sailor
As he journeyed in the night.
We are only college maidens
But we all desire to know
Of these wonders. So expect us
In your palace there below.
Nine o'clock's the time for calling
In this nation of the free,
So expect us at the bell stroke.
Yours, most truly, Anne A. B."
Well, there was a grand reception,
And a baqnuet and a — well,
You will never be the wiser,
For we promised not to tell.
Only this, perhaps I'll mention,
That the conclave of the sage
Then unanimously voted :
"Since the maidens were of age,
16 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Knew exactly what they wanted,
Spoke the Greek with fluent grace,
It were better, then, to put them
With the wonders face to face,
Lest, amid the strides of progress,
An electric shock might come
And destroy the sacred record,
Not slowly one by one,
But without a note of warning,
As had happened once before,
When a cablegram sent eastward
Threw them senseless on the floor."
And the great sea-dog assented :
By his hand he led them forth
To his temple great, majestic,
On an island toward the north ;
Here he showed them in the heavens
Stars— the Alpha, Theta, Phi,
And he told them of their power
Over human destiny.
And he gave them to their keeping,
"Be ye wise," he said, "and know
With these helpers ye shall conquer
In your struggles here below.
Take this Crescent, it shall guide you,
And this Trident, it has power, —
It will call me to your succor
When the stormy clouds do lower;
It shall still the troubled waters,
All the clouds shall pass away,
While the Stars and Crescent ever
Shall come forth to show the way."
Then he ceased; for o'er the waters
Came his Tritons, bold and free,
Bearing in their midst a casket
Fraught with wondrous mystery.
This he ope'd, and on a sudden
All the place was filled with light,
And the great Tritonic chorus
Raised their voices in the night,
Till the waves of ocean thundered
'Mid the wondrous melody.
"Once again," they sang exultant,
"Once again, ye Deltas three,
Have you come to bless the nations,
Will you brighten every heart,
From the one who bears your symbol,
Joy shall nevermore depart."
Then the maidens thanked Poseidon
For the wondrous mystery,
He entrusted to their keeping,
In his temple by the sea,
And in token of his kindness
They now wear the Deltas three,
With the Crescent and the Trident,
And the Alpha Theta Phi.
Sarah Tda Shaw, '89, Alpha.
DELTA DELTA DELTA
You are not asked, gentle reader, with noiseless tread and
averted gaze, to wend an enquiring journey back into the mys-
tic shadows, where the receding views of a pre-historic night re-
veal but the border lines of myths and legends. Neither a knowl-
edge of the Dyonisian Fraternity, discovered by the Greek when he
journeyed from Attica to Asia Minor, nor of the Masonic broth-
erhood, either building from the rifted rock a Solomon's Temple
or from this ancient story a powerful modern order, are neces-
sary to an understanding of the rise of the American College fra-
Neither is it necessary to go to the College of William &
Mary, in Independence year, with its Phi Beta Kappa (Dec. 5,
1776), whose key is now but an honorary badge; nor again to
those who fifty years later at old Union copied that society
(Kappa Alpha, 1825— Sigmi Phi, 1827, Delta Phi, 1827) : nor
on the other hand, must it be attempted as is customary, to seek
out from the existing list of thirty odd more or less successful
men's societies some particular one in order to explain the origin
and existence of Greek letter societies among American college
The inherent desire of the entire race for congenial society,
the loyalty typical of woman, and the innate love of culture and
refinement characteristic of the student mind, male or female,
offer in themselves sufficient explanation of the fact that, almost
co-eval with the presence of woman in the colleges and univer-
sities, these societies began to exist.
Neither Eleusinian Rites, nor Rosicrucian Mysteries, nor
the legends of Greek, Latin, Celt or Teuton were necessary for
their inspiration and propagation. Their causes, their aims, and
their results are for progress in social, material, intellectual and
spiritual ways. It has made little difference whether the Kite or
18 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
the Key, the Arrow or the Anchor, or one of a half dozen or more
other symbols have flashed a rival light to the brilliancy of the
Stars and Crescent ; each band has met its failures and its suc-
cesses as pilgrims to a common goal, a land of better conditions
and better living for all.
In the development of character, companions and environ
ment are of prime importance and to well understand the origin
and growth of Delta Delta Delta, the locating of her predecessors
and rivals is not a superfluous task. Kappa Alpha Theta was
founded at De Pauw University, Greencastle, Ind., Jan. 27, 1870 ;
Kappa Kappa Gamma at Monmouth College, Monmouth, 111.,
Oct. 13, 1870 ; Alpha Phi, at Syracuse University, Syracuse, N.
Y., Oct. 20, 1872 ; Delta Gamma at Louis School, Oxford, Miss.,
Jan. 2, 1874 ; Gamma Phi Beta at Syracuse University, Syracuse,
N. Y., Nov. 11, 1874. All of these were preceded by the I. C.
Sorosis founded April 28, 1867, at Monmouth College, Mon-
mouth, 111., which added "Pi Beta Phi" to its name in 1883,
and dropped "I. C." in 1888, and with that change remodeled its
customs to conform with those of other Greek Letter societies.
In the fall of 1888, the active chapter roll of these societies
stood as follows: K A 15, K K r 21, A T 11, A $ 4,r $ B
5 and I. C. Sorosis or n B <£ 13.
Naturally as all of these societies had originated west of
New England, some of them, as development came, began to
turn covetous eyes toward those seats of learning located in that
territory of acknowledged literary supremacy. Boston Univer-
sity and Wellesley, the first, a champion of co-education, the sec-
ond, a school for women alone, were classed by the general pub-
lic as being as significant for women as Harvard for men. The
co-educational school of first rank being the desirable field for
the women's fraternities, the different societies had begun to
here install their chapters. Kappa Kappa Gamma had entered
Boston University in 1882, Alpha Phi in 1883 and Gamma Phi
Beta in 1887. Although there was a good deal of anti-fraternity
sentiment in college circles, even prominent people speaking
against such organizations in chapel, these new chapters were
soon prosperous and powerful and immediately took an import-
SUGGESTION — REALIZATION. 19
ant position in the work of their own national organizations. The
chapter of Kappa Kappa Gamma, in particular, assumed and
creditably filled a very authoritative position in the general soror-
ity policy during the decade beginning with 1885.
Thus, gradually, any spirit of opposition to the new order of
affairs disappeared as the benefits of the system became obvious,
and so in a field well prepared from without and within the seed
was sown that blossomed ultimately into the suggestion for the
founding of a new fraternity for women.
Among the papers in the archives is a manuscript history of
the organization of the first nineteen chapters of Delta Delta
Delta, written by the first Grand Historian, one competent to tell
of the origin of its Alpha Chapter. In this manuscript of Sarah
Ida Shaw Martin, Alpha '89, are the following paragraphs :
There were at Boston University in the fall of 1888, four Seniors,
who for various reasons were not as yet allied with the three Greek Let-
ter societies then at the college. These girls were among the best stu-
dents, in the class of 1889. During the usual commotion attendant upon
the rushing that fall, one of these four girls, disliking the general at-
mosphere, said to her friend in deprecating the evident lack of good feel-
ing, 'Let us found a society that shall be kind alike to all and think
more of the girl's inner self and character than of her personal appear-
ance.' The other acquiesced with much delight and so it came to pass
that plans were laid that very day as the two friends sat in a quiet nook
among the terra cotta cushions of the girls' study, known as "The Par-
These two friends and seniors were Sarah Ida Shaw and
Eleanor Dorcas Pond, originators of the idea of founding Delta
Delta Delta. From them emanated the rituals, constitutions and
emblems, as hereafter related and they were the moving spirits
in the organization of Alpha Chapter.
Later in the manuscript of the first historian, is found :
"I am afraid those two young hearts would have been very much
discouraged had they realized at that time what an herculean task it was
to start a national fraternity, but fortunately for their peace of mind, and
for the future happiness of the hundreds who have already learned to
love the name of Delta Delta Delta, the two enthusiastic friends were
unaware of the fact that there was something stupendous about the task
they had set hands, heads and hearts to accomplish. Thev were working
for a principle, and it never occurred to them that there could be such a
20 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
thine as failure. Earnestness of purpose, energy and enthusiasm had
brought them both success in college, and why should not these same
qualities bring assurance of good fortune to the new venture ? At all
events they had faith in the power of these forces, and with light hearts
turned their thoughts to the founding of a new fraternity.
The selection of a name was perhaps a joint matter, the sug-
gestion of the triple letter coming from Miss Pond, while the
selection of the letter itself can perhaps best be attributed to
Miss Shaw, who was the hard worker on Greek mottoes, pass
words and emblems.
In regard to these things, Dr. Mann (Eleanor Dorcas Pond)
said, at Syracuse, 1906 :
"Mrs. Martin (Sarah Ida Shaw) had a genius for those
things. She was a fine Greek scholar, loved to delve in Egyptian
lore and Hindoo mysticism and had a more than ordinary liking for as-
tronomy. Consequently when it came to ritual, badges, emblems and
constitutions, she worked out many plans alone, then we met, went over
her labors together and together decided what should be chosen for
Mrs. Martin (Sarah Ida Shaw) writes much the same thing,
"I worked out scores of plans and appropriate possibilities
in regard to mottoes, rituals and emblems but in each instance
Miss Pond cast a deciding vote, I relying on her good taste
and practical ability. The pin, in particular, one of my several
designs, was her prtefertence. My ritual services, constitutions,
etc., first evolved were much more elaborate than those actually
used, considerable cutting being done to suit the taste of both Miss Pond
and others of the early members."
Returning to the aforementioned manuscript in regard to
"At last, all was finished on Tuesday, the third day of the week.
Nov. 28, 1888, but there was one more meeting of the two friends on the
following afternoon before they separated for the Thanksgiving recess, at
the top of the college building, in what was then the Philological Li-
brary. It was there that the two girls embraced each other and said
'Tri-Delta is founded.' Hence it became customary to speak of Thanks-
giving eve as the fraternity's birthday, because it was on that day that
these two young people realized that all was in readiness. It was par-
ticularly appropriate also that this fraternity, the first born on New
England soil to be recognized as a national, should be connected at its
founding with a typically New England feast. It is not strange that the
hearts of these sponsors were full of emotion as together they went out
of the college building, for each felt there were added reasons why her
Thanksgiving should be a very happy one. When they came to the part-
ing of the ways at the historic Boston Common, Miss Pond said, 'We
can make the girls we initiate promise secrecy, but what shall hold us
two?' So there in the shadow of the old Park Street Church with a
bright new moon overhead and three brilliant stars near by, while count-
less fainter ones gave promise of the mighty hosts that would one day
be enrolled upon the fraternity's firmament, the two faithful friends
clasped hands and said 'In the presence of these myriads of witnesses, I
swear eternal loyalty and fealty to Delta Delta Delta.' How well they have
kept their vow there are many to testify, but how unstintingly they gave
of their money, time and strength both before that night and since, will
never be known.
Still the work was not yet done, for after vacation came the task of
gaining over other girls to the cause. Florence Stewart, of '89, soon
consented, since her friendship for Miss Pond dated back to the time
when both were classmates in the same high school. Isabelle Breed, how-
ever, was not so easily secured, because from her observation up to this
time she felt that fraternities were fundamentally wrong. It was only
after the girls had told her enough to convince her of the lofty and noble
Christian principles and aims of the society that she consented to join.
Three girls were then secured from the junior class, one of them
for so long the Trident editor, Emily F. Allen. Another was Mrs. Lotta
A. W. Stevens, for years a teacher in the Coldwater (Mich.) High
School, at that time doing special work at the University. The third
junior pledge was Hattie Clinton MacNeil, who later became a President
of Alpha Chapter ('89-'90). A sophomore, Marion Katherine Norris,
grand-daughter of Mrs. Mary A. Livermore (a woman of national re-
nown and an honorary member of Kappa Kappa Gamma), added some-
thing of distinction. Four other sophomores were soon pledged, Mattie
Ora Carter, Margaret Evelyn Emerson, Bertha Brackett and Alice
Elizabeth Rich. Six others, Myrtle May Burdett, Hannah Jo-
sephine Centre, Delia Alice Badger, Emily Stickney Clough, Grace Butler
Gallison and Charlotte Elizabeth Joslin, followed, but since there was
only a short time between the Thanksgiving recess and the Christmas
holidays, the initiation was postponed until the new year. Soon after its
advent came the longed-for pins. Isabelle Breed and Florence Stewart were
hastily initiated in Prof. Bowne's lecture room, and the four seniors at-
tended the next recitation with something shining on their breasts, with
the result that there was much craning of necks and twisting of bodies
to get a glimpse of the new society's pin. The next hour, the three
juniors were hurried through in Prof. Buck's Greek room, and these
seven withdrew to the home of Emily F. Allen, on Joy street, to make
preparations for the more elaborate initiation of the other eleven. This
was on Friday, January 15th, 1889, a memorable day in the annals of
the fraternity, for on that day the first chapter was organized and the
fraternity's life as an organization was begun.
The following Monday, eighteen pins flashed light into the eyes of
the other society people who were surprised at the size of the organiza-
tion, for if they anticipated anything, they had expected only a weakling
organization that would go under as soon as the seniors graduated. It
was really a dangerous plan to try to assimilate so many individualities
in so short a time, but for some inexplicable reason things ran very
smoothly, and the meetings were a great success."
Thus was the enterprise of a new fraternity for women to be
known as Delta Delta Delta originated and formulated at Boston
University, Thanksgiving Eve, 1888, by Sarah Ida Shaw and
Eleanor Dorcas Pond, and with the assistance of their friends
and classmates, Florence Stewart and Isabelle Breed, the com-
plete Alpha Chapter of eighteen members was assembled, initiated
and organized on January 15th, 1889.
THE FOUNDERS AND
First Members of Alpha Chapter
As the child inherits the characteristics and tendencies of the
parents, so must the trend of a society be influenced by the traits
of its founders. A long dissertation on the personal characteris-
tics of the organizers of Delta Delta Delta is not within the scope
of the present volume. It has been attempted under Biographical
Notes to give in a condensed form the chief events of their lives
and it is the desire here to bring out merely those significant
points that are necessary for a correct interpretation of the his-
tory and growth hereafter recorded and to emphasize enough of
the self-sacrifice, the labor and the enthusiasm of those early
days to ensure from a rapidly growing society, lasting apprecia-
tion of and honor for the builders to whose creation many have
As originators of the idea of founding a new fraternity for
women, Delta Delta Delta, the names of those two seniors who
consulted together in "The Parthenon" of Boston University must
of course come first, Sarah Ida Shaw and Eleanor Dorcas Pond.
These two girls had not formed their friendship early in their col-
lege course. Miss Shaw was a resident of Roxbury, Mass., was
a hard student and devoted her spare time to the home circle and
home society until her junior y^ar.*.',Miss Mann boarded in Bos-
ton in order to attend the University and both girls having more
time under elective work toward the last of their course naturally
sought congenial society. The tendency of Miss Shaw to work
-out elaborate details and to study and investigate the unusual
subjects found its complement in the practical, clear insight and
cheery personality of her friend. Thus the two were well fitted
to originate and develop the movement together.
To Sarah Ida Shaw Martin must be given the credit of perse-
vering and untiring labor for the good of the society through all
the years which have succeeded. Her interest has been such that
no labor has been deemed too great. The entire list of early
-chapters find her hand writing throughout their correspondence
FOUNDERS AND THEIR AIMS. 23-
files and as student, teacher or home maker her ever present in-
terest has been Tri Delta.
Dr. Mann (Miss Pond), while deprecating having to give
the necessary data for the biographical notes, as sounding too
much of the "ego," with her usual modesty, writes :
"Mrs. Martin (Miss Shaw) has of course done much more for the
fraternity since B. U. days than I, for I have been busy in another field,
but I always have the Delta girls with me in heart, wherever I am."
Notwithstanding her busy life, outlined elsewhere, Dr.
Mann, after the college days of loyal endeavor were over, found
time to organize the Chicago Alliance (1896), was watching the
New York field while there for a propitious inauguration of an
other and is and has always been ready with interest and love to
labor whenever opportunity offered.
Mrs. Martin (Miss Shaw), although for years a very suc-
cessful teacher, found time to give strict attention to the develop-
ment of Tri Delta in each slightest detail asked of her. The
Gamma delegate to the Woman's Pan-Hellenic ('89) traveled to
Meriden, Conn, (where Mrs. Martin was teaching), anxious,
having attended the Alpha Chapter Conference on Trident and
other matters, to talk over everything with her, as Grand Presi-
dent. She found her a scholarly woman, bright, full-hearted,
eager for work. Although denied the privilege of attending the
first two conventions, Mrs. Martin was present in 1897 and 1900,
holding grand offices at those times. To-day she is exceptionally
interested in fraternity problems and in educational subjects in
general. Almost her whole time for the last few years has been
given to the compiling of "The Sorority Hand-Book," which has
just been published. Perhaps the distinguishing mark of her
mentality might be said to be an unusual talent for detail and an
appreciation of symbolism, color and form. Her creed has been
that Tri Delta should be one of the strongest, if not the strongest,
influence for good in a college girl's life.
Dr. Mann has led an active, busy life. Her profession and
the profession of her husband have caused many changes of resi-
dence, but these changes in themselves have been an education as
their homes have been made in the larger cities and here her work
has been found. Although a founder of Tri Delta, she attended
her first convention at Syracuse, N. Y., the Seventh National,
1906. There facing the encircling square of the banquet tables,
she looked into one hundred and seventy-five faces, representa-
24 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
tives of a society fifteen hundred strong, and upon request re-
peated something of the story of the founding of Delta Delta
Delta, and perhaps for the first time fully realized how great a
momentum the movement had gained to which eighteen years be-
fore, in her girlhood days at Boston University, she had been a
partner in giving it first impetus. Bright, unaffected, capable,
successful, she was a present witness to each delegate of how
good a thing it has been for Delta Delta Delta that from the first
to the last, from the women on whose golden locks the finger of
time has begun its tracery of silver to the newest pledge, all
have remaired to watch and to work.
To the worth and loyalty of the two other senior girls,
Florence Stuart and Isabelle Breed, first allies in organizing the
new society, the success of the enterprise testified.
Especially noteworthy was the work of Emily F. Allen, one
of the junior trio next chosen. Her nine years of service as
Editor-in-Chief of the Trident were productive of more than
the successful establishment of the magazine. Among her early
editorials is found ever that careful conservatism which is so val-
uable when working hand in hand with progressive ideas. She
strongly advocated always, sound intensive development, strong
alumnae obligations and among her earliest editorials, she ad-
vocated regular examinations, certificates of membership and uni-
fied report systems, all of which have since been adopted.
Associated with Miss Shaw in the active work of Chapter ex-
tension was Charlotte E. Joslin, Alpha, A. B. '92, A. M. '96, a girl
of energy, enthusiasm and intense loyalty. As one of the early
Grand Secretaries, much of the important work of the formative
period fell upon her and no task that she could find to do was
left undone. Miss Joslin, recognizing the need of keeping in
touch with the members who had left college, in 1894 compiled a
complete list of members, with address of each. She also secured
material for three later directories published in 1895, 1896, 1897.
Until 1897 practically all the work of extension was done
from Alpha Chapter through its founders, alumnae, and its
chapter organization excepting as other chapters, alert and watch
ful. passed on to them suggestions of opportunities which came
to them. In the Trident Table of Contents, Business Manager
lists, and in the Grand Council lists more explicit record of the
routine work of these early members will be found.
The first six charters were signed by Sarah Ida Shaw, as
Sarah Ida Shaw, A
(Grand President, 1888-1893.)
Dr. Eleanor (Pond) Mann, A.
Florence Isabelle Stewart, A (1907).
Ida (Shaw) Martin, A. (1907).
Dr. Eleanor (Pond) Mann. (1907)
TRIALS OF ALPHA. 25
Grand President and in most cases by the other three Grand
Trustees, (under Grand Chapter ruling.)
Space forbids much of detail. The girls of Alpha have left a
record that needs no words to interpret it. Most of them fine
students, some of them exceptionally so, earnest in purpose,
zealous in labor, and loyal, both then and now, the result of their
endeavors is their highest and only necessary enconium.
At various meetings during the year 1889, the following
girls were initiated, Bertha Lee Gardner, Maud Eliza Muzzy,
Blanche Ellen Seaver, Carrie Usher Tanner and Clara Grace
Ayres, Sophomores ; Nettie Louisa Buckland, Mary Elizabeth
Cochran, Etta lone Ferry, Christine Evelyn Jansson, Edith
Knowles, Susie Ida Sayre, Flora Mandane Smith, thus raising the
first year chapter (to Nov. 22, 1889) to thirty-one.
The records of the early meetings show decisions on matters
of symbolism and constitution which having been left open
questions were discussed and voted upon by the chapter as a
whole. The records reveal a quiet, level headed, steady progress, a
simplicity that made no flaunting of the project under way and
yet a breadth of insight and judgment that measured pretty ac-
curately the task to which they had bent their energies.
There is a quiet dignity about even their simplest reports, a
quaint and perhaps only partial appreciation of what these rec-
ords meant, that the motions and opinions therein recorded were
in reality the completion of the task begun in the early fall of
1888, the organizing of a new fraternity for women.
In short, both the early members of Alpha and the charter
members of the older chapters may all be looked upon as in a
measure, founders of Tri Delta. By their labors and their suc-
cesses the development of Delta Delta Delta was made possible.
Trials of Alpha
External rivalry and opposition to a new society were to be
expected. The audacity of the attempt created astonishment and
even their kindliest friends burdened them with well-meant advice
to "give it up" and apply for a charter in some of the established
sororities. They were well provided with the periodicals of such
societies, their rivals even contributing a good supply. They
quietly read all that was offered and as quietly continued to work
out their own plans. But neither their newness nor their finan-
cial burdens were their worst trial. A variety of opinions exist-
26 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
ed (within the Chapter) as to what kind of a society they had
really formed. Some wanted it "secret" like their rivals and a
few "semi-secret", while others wanted it "open", either with a
theory of better opposition to their rivals or as "a matter of con-
science". Those who wanted it semi-secret favored secret rituals
and open meetings but when their suggestion was adopted and
two or three open meetings held, they soon concluded that they
did not care to try to prepare accommodations for all who might
come. Among those who desired an "open society" were many
who favored the Delta Upsilon plan and desired to make Tri-
Delta an example of that plan among the women's fraternities.
"But soon invitations from other sororities began to come in,
causing some resignations and a general feeling of uneasiness
and all were speedily convinced that permanence could only be
assured by being 'secret' like their rivals." A recent letter from
Mrs. Martin, giving the outlines of this trying period, follows
the sentence quoted above with one saying : "During all this try-
ing season, Miss Pond worked loyally, hand in hand, with me
and gradually the elements of uncertainty disappeared and suc-
cess began to crown the efforts of the new chapter."
Success of Alpha
That a society of so few members should grant three other
charters to far distant groups in its first year of existence was
somewhat unusual. Fourteen girls returned to school in the fall
of '89, but on initiation day nine others donned the Stars and
Crescent and the continued existence of Alpha Chapter of Delta
Delta Delta was insured.
During the eighteen years which have followed, through
five convention revisions of the Constitution, "The Aim" of the
fraternity as written by its founders has remained unchanged.
"The aim of this fraternity shall be to establish a perpetual bond of
friendship among the members, to develop a stronger and more wom-
anly character, to broaden the moral and intellectual life, and to ma-
terially assist its members in every possible way."
Not out of character to follow this are the words of the
present Grand President, Amy Olgen Parmelee, who in closing
a recent communication says: "Let the chapter life cultivate in
each member accuracy, promptness, business ability, reliability
EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS
OF ALPHA CHAPTER
First Meeting of Delta Delta Delta.
Boston, Jan. 15, 1889.
The first regular meeting of the Tri-Delta society was held at its
club rooms on the above named date. At a previous business meeting
the following officers were elected.
President — Miss Sarah I. Shaw.
Vice President — Miss Eleanor D. Pond.
Chaplain — Miss Isabel Breed.
Librarian — Miss Flora Stewart.
Corresponding Secretary — Miss Emily Allen.
Recording Secretary — Miss Mattie O. Carter.
Treasurer — Miss Margaret E. Emerson.
The meeting was called to order by the President. The following
persons were initiated: '90, Mrs. Lotta Stevens; '91, Mattie O. Carter,
Margaret E. Emerson, Alice Rich, Bertha Brackett; '92, Myrtie Burdett,
Josephine Centre, Delia Badger, Emily Clough, Grace Gallison. Charlotte
Prayer offered by the chaplain. Supper then served. Toast Mistress.
Eleanor Pond. Toasts responded to bv Sarah Shaw. "Future Glory of
Tri-Delta;" Flora Stuart, '89, Clinton " MacNeil, '90, Mattie Carter. '91.
Delia Badger, '92. An entertainment committee appointed hv the Presi-
dent, comprising Eleanor Pond, Mrs. Lotta Stevens, Al : ce Rich and Delia
Badger. The meeting adjourned.
Mattte O. Carter, Secretary.
(The peculiar thing about this is that some were appointed to office before ini-
tiations. — B. L. P.)
First Honorary Members.
Boston, Jan. 18, 1899.
Special meeting called by the President Marion K. Norris admitted
to the society. Prayer offered by the Chaplain. Moved and seconded that
the three honorary members comprise Mrs. Dean Huntington, Mrs. Prof.
Buck, Mrs. Prof. Bowne.*
Adjourned. M. O. Carter, Secretary.
*The terms Mrs. Dean and Mrs. Prof, are of course questionable. Dean
Huntington is now President of the University. Alpha still has the same honorary
members. — B. L. P.
First Record of Formal Recognition.
Boston, Jan. 18, 1889.
Special meeting called in room 15, B. U. Nine members present.
Meeting called to order by President. Letters of congratulation from
B IT and r <£ B societies read by President Voted to send acknowl-
edgements to the same. Letter also read from Miss Sarah Hobson, '87.
28 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
of B. U. Medical School, inviting AAA and others of the college to a
lecture, "How shall we meet college duties?" given by herself at 2 p. m.,
Feb. 1, in Claflin Room. Voted to hold fortnightly meetings, and for this
purpose rent a room on Joy street, the weekly assessment to each member
to be $ — Adjourned.
Myrtie M. Burdett, Secretary Pro Tern.
Record of an "Open" Meeting.
Boston, Feb. 15, 1889.
A meeting of Tri Delta held at the Club Room. Called to order by
President. Sixteen members present and four visitors. Review of the
week from facts in the daily papers, by Delia Badger. Remainder of the
time spent on Helen Hunt Jackson ; short account of her life given by
Belle Breed, her principal work "Ramona" elaborately and entertainingly
given by Alice Rich. A poem, "My Legacy," Emily Clough.
Entertainment committee for March appointed by President, as fol-
lows : Flora Stuart, Emily Allen, Margaret Emerson and Grace Gallison.
For April, Eleanor Pond, Josephine Centre, Marion Norris and Clinton
MacNeil. Meeting adjourned.
M. O. Carter, Secretary.
Record of Miss Bued's Initiation.
Mar. 7. 1889.
A special initiation of Tri-Delta held at the home of one of its mem-
bers, Mattie O. Carter, 195 Walnut St., Chelsea. Thirteen present. Four
added to our number : Etta May Budd, of Ames, Iowa ; Bertha Gardner ;
Maud Muzzy; Blanche Seaver. Refreshments served and pleasant time
M. O. Carter, Secretary.
Under record of May 15, 1889.. is the following note (added thought
for remembrance "Miss Budd left Boston for the west at six o'clock.")
First Record of Social Event.
Boston, March 26, '89.
Boston University Chapel. 4 o'clock, of the above named date. Under
the auspices of Tri Delta, a lecture delivered bv Rev. Charles Lee, of
Charlestown. Subject, "A Midsummer Night's Dream." About 60 per-
M. O. Carter., Secretary.
The Fore-Runner of the Trident.
Boston, April 2, '89.
At the club room a meeting of Tri-Delta was called. Fourteen mem-
bers present. President in chair. The following business transacted:
Moved and seconded that the Corresponding Secretary send a vote of
thanks to the Rev. Charles Lee for his kindness in .favoring us with a
That an Editor in Chief for a paper, to be issued by the society, be
elected by us, as an association, but not be incorporated in the constitu-
tion as an officer. Carried.
That the officer be elected April 16, at the regular election, to hold
office until regular election of officers in the following year. Carried.
EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS OF ALPHA CHAPTER. 2 ( >
That the Business Manager of said paper be elected by the Association
and that the Associate Editor be left to the Editor in Chief, also to be
appointed April 16. Carried.
That an assessment of $ — be levied on each member of the society.
That a Historian be appointed and incorporated in the constitution
to write up a history and keep account of all notices in the "Beacon,"
daily papers, etc., and that a note book be procured for the same. Carried.
That this officer be incorporated among the regular officers at the
regular election. Carried.
Election of Officers for '89-'90.
Founders Made Trustees.
Work on Ritual, Etc.
April 16, '89.
A regular meeting of Tri-Delta held at the Club Room. Nineteen
members present. Records read and approved. Election of officers for
coming year, as follows :
President — Clinton MacNeil.
Vice President — Mrs. Lotta Stevens.
Librarian — Marion Norris.
Corresponding Secretary — Bertha Brackett.
Recording Secretary Blanche Seaver.
Chaplain — Mattie Carter.
Treasurer — Maud Muzzy.
Historian — Delia Badger.
Editor in Chief — Emily Allen.
Business Manager — Margaret Emerson.
Assistant Editors, chosen by Business Manager and Editor in Chief —
Alice Rich and Emily Clough.
Moved and seconded that a freshman program be given at the next
meeting by the freshmen themselves resolved into a committee. Carried.
That inasmuch as the founders of the society were four in number,
they be considered as Trustees of the society.
Trustees — Sarah Shaw, Nellie Pond, Belle Breed, Flora Stewart.
That Poseidon be the god and his trident the future symbol of the
That a committee of three be appointed by the chair to investigate in
regard to flowers to be found all the year round for favorite flower, Clin-
ton MacNeil, Delia Badger, Mattie Carter appointed. Carried.
That President appoint a committee for the pledge. Carried.
M. O. Carter, Secretary.
First Record of Charter Grant.
Boston, May 15, '89.
A special meeting of the Tri-Delta society was held at the rooms of
Emily Allen. President in chair. Voted to accept a society of Simpson
College, Indianola, Iowa, as a chapter of Tri-Delta. Also voted to leave
the trident with A on it as our chapter pin. Adjourned.
M. O. Carter, Secretary.
Additional Notes Taken From Minutes of Alpha.
In records of Nov. 6, '89, a committee was appointed to select a token
30 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
of remembrance for the Grand President. First use of this name. Dec.
4, address by Grand President. (Always understood this to be Mrs. Mar-
tin (Miss Shaw), though there is no record of such an office or appoint-
In records quoted, the word society is always used. Oct. 1889, there
is found, "Alpha Chapter of Delta Delta Delta," and in the record of
April 20, 1891, the important motions moved and carried that a fraternity
paper, called "The Trident" be published in the fall of '91. Moved and
carried that the paper be published Nov. 27, February and May.
Moved and carried that Emily F. Allen, Alpha Chapter, be Editor in
Chief, and her staff one member from each chapter of the fraternity and
one from the alumnae.
Moved and carried that the different departments of the paper have
pretty and appropriate names.
Moved and carried that Grace Ayres and Charlotte Joslin be busi-
Moved and carried that the Board of Officers be called by Greek
Following departments of paper decided upon : Editorials, Shooting
Moved and carried that price of paper be $1.00 per year.
N. B. — This was the report of that meeting which was held immedi-
ately after the Woman's Pan-Hellenic Convention which had been called
to meet in Boston by Kappa Kappa Gamma. Three delegates being re-
quired from each sorority. Alpha Chapter had assembled with one of
its own number, one each from Gamma and Delta (Deuteron) Chapters
as their representatives. Advantage was taken of this and the first Inter-
Chapter Conference of Tri-Delta called, resulting as the minutes relate.
This meeting was held in the parsonage of the People's Church, opposite
the Youth's Companion Building (then under construction) corner of
Columbus Ave. and Berkeley St. The majority of the out of town mem-
bers of Delta Delta Delta then roomed in this building and were as
closely associated as in a chapter house. B. L. P.
In a later record is found:
"On Wednesday, Nov. 25, '91, the first number of the Trident ap-
peared in its dainty cover of gold, silver and blue. It contains 34 pages of
interesting matter, including articles by members of various chapters,
alumnae notes and letters from all the chapters. It certainly is a very
creditable production, showing the careful and diligent work of the edi-
tors and business managers and it fully merits our warm admiration and
March 11, 1891.
"Corresponding Secretary reported letter received from Cornell in-
auiring for information with respect to forming a chanter at that college.
A letter also received from St. Lawrence University, Canton, N. Y."
April 9, 1891.
"Corresponding Secretary reported from the letters received from
Cornell with regard to forming a chapter of the fraternity and from Knox
and Adrian, concerning: delegates for the convention. Discussion con-
cerning Convention." (Pan-Hellenic convention, Boston, April 15, 16, 17.)
April 20, 1891.
"With regard to jewelry and stationery, Philadelphia, Chicago and
Boston were made headquarters for stationery, and Boston, Chicago.
Philadelphia, Ithaca, Syracuse and San Francisco for jewelry."
EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS OF ALPHA CHAPTER. 31
Records of First Convention.
March 30, 1892.
"A letter was read from E Chapter of A A A extending an invitation
to A Chapter to hold the convention of A A A at Galesburg, 111."
First Alumnae Alliance.
Boston, Sept. 23, 1£92.
In records of this meeting is recorded that the alumnae of A A A
had formed an association to be called "The Alpha Alliance of A A A."
The purpose of this association was to keep the alumnae in touch with the
active members of the fraternity.
A New Chapter.
Jan. 31, 1893.
"A letter from our Grand President was read concerning the found-
ing of a new chapter in Vermont University."
Feb. 21, 1893.
"Moved and seconded that a delegate from A Chapter be sent to Ver-
mont, the journey to be paid for by an assessment of fifty cents on each
member of Alpha."
First Convention Again.
April 5, 1893.
"The following committee was appointed to look up fares, trains, ac-
commodations, etc., to Galesburg."
April 12, 1893.
"A letter read from our Grand President relative to the Convention."
June 8, 1893.
"Our new president gave a brief account of the proceedings of the
"Moved and carried that the record of the convention be printed and
distributed instead of the June number of the Trident.
"According to modifications of the original constitution, modifications
that came about as the result of Miss Budd's initiation, the word 'Trustees'
was used to designate the body now called Grand Council." — Extract from
letter of Ida Shaw Martin.
First Chapter Admitted
To develop and extend a new society along wise, successful
and safe lines is indeed a greater task than to found one. The
history of chapter extension in all the Greek letter societies
passes through the various phases that may be termed aggres-
sive, progressive, conservative and ultra-conservative, which last
phase graduates, sometimes involuntarily, to complete stagna-
tion. The order in which these phases are experienced in the
different societies varies much and it is useless to try to judge
under which any have labored or have yet to enter. To denom-
inate the periods of extension in any way would run the danger
of arousing the only differences of opinion that have ever pro-
duced a suspicion of discordant feeling in Tri Delta history. But
a brief outline of extension is attempted here as both the follow-
ing chapters of the general history, the histories of the individ-
ual chapters and alliances and parts of the statistical pages are all
really contributions to this subject.
For the earliest extensions the manuscript of the first his-
torian is best authority.
"It happened that one of the first set of freshmen initiates,
Josephine Center, boarded at the Young Woman's Christian As-
sociation, where her pin attracted the attention of Miss Etta May
Budd, B. S., '82, Iowa State College, who was taking a course in
painting at the Boston Art Museum. This young lady had
founded a society, U. D. T., at her Alma Mater, and had inten-
tions of spreading the same throughout the world. She had al-
ready opened a correspondence with several colleges, among
them Simpson, where a local L. F. V. by name, existed, which
had pledged itself to join her society. Miss Budd requested an
interview with the leading spirits in Tri Delta with a view to ne-
gotiating about forming a chapter of her own society, but it did
not seem wise to the Boston University girls to do this, since the
Iowa College was not well known. After prolonged discussion,
a coalition was formed and some things in the constitution of
CXFXXOGft TlSO SBT
Dezjtj* ZmLra Uel-TB Fj*jitE¥W1ty
NAMING OF CHAPTERS. 33
Miss Budd's society were incorporated in that of Tri-Delta, not-
ably those portions referring to the Commissioner of Education,
the provinces and the arrangement for chapters in Canada and
England. Miss Budd was accordingly initiated at the same
time that the last quota of freshmen was added to the list (Mar.
7, '89), but as she did not intend to return to the west until
summer, it was decided to postpone the initiation of the two
chapters in Iowa until that time. The L. F. V. society, how-
ever, was unwilling to wait, for it was customary at Simpson
College to pledge preparatory students in the spring term, and
as they had three rivals, I. C (later Pi Beta Phi), Kappa Alpha
Theta and Kappa Kappa Gamma, they felt their prospects would
be better if they could be initiated immediately. Unfortunately
none of the upper class girls at Boston University could go, so
after much discussion, it was voted to grant the charter without
delay, sending some of the documents through the mail and giv-
ing others to Miss Budd to take later.
Since the society was now in truth a fraternity, it became
necessary to have a guard or chapter pin and the Trident was
selected as the most satisfactory. Never since that time have
such massive Tridents held sway over the hearts that beat be-
neath them but they served their purpose well on that occasion
for they excited unbounded curiosity and questions rained thick
and fast until the answer came, 'We are a National Fraternity.'
Naming of Chapters
Miss Budd had asked for the letter Delta, and Delta Deut-
eron was therefore given to the chapter at Simpson College, in
accordance with a system of naming previously agreed upon.
This arrangement gave one letter of the alphabet to each state,
to be borne by the first chapter in the state, while the second was
to be known as the Deuteron, and the third as the Triteron of
this letter. Accordingly the charters were granted, Delta to
Iowa State Agricultural College at Ames, Iowa, and Delta Deut-
eron to Simpson College, at Indianola, Iowa. The chapter at
Simpson, contrary to expectation, was initiated first, but the
charters remained unchanged, for it was deemed best in defer-
ence to Miss Budd to let her chapter have the honor of being first
in the state, since its charter was granted before the one at
34. HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
N. B. — Later conventions simplified this naming system by adher-
ing as closely as possible to an alphabetical order, and upon the exhaus-
tion of the alphabet the plan of making a combination of the letter of the
nearest chapter with some other letter has been adopted. — B. L. P.
By reference to chapter histories it will be seen that al-
though the initiation of the Delta Chapter above mentioned oc-
curred in June, 1890, some fifteen girls being initiated or
pledged (among the pledged members was Flora Wilson,
daughter of Secretary Wilson), this chapter never really organ
ized as the faculty passed stringent anti-fraternity rules before
college opened in the fall. Consequently the third chapter to be
added to the roll was really Epsilon, (1889) of Knox College,
Galesburg, 111., and the fourth, Gamma of Adrian College, Adrian,
Mich. (1890). Beta, St. Lawrence University, Canton, N. Y.,
came into the fold Dec. 24, 1891 ; Zeta, University of Cincinnati,
was added in 1892, and in 1893, Eta, University of Vermont, was
added just prior to the calling of the first national convention, at
Galesburg, 111. In this day of patronage of the greater univer-
sities, it is something of a note-worthy fact that although Delta
Delta Delta was founded in one of the larger schools, the Alpha
Chapter had as its loyal supporters through a considerable por-
tion of the formative years, its four oldest chapters in schools
generally known as "the smaller colleges." These, however, were
long established schools of good collegiate rank with other well
established Greek letter societies, and the work that these
chapters were able to do for their fraternity speaks louder than
words for the quality and character of these student bodies. Used
to long endeavor, patient of result and steadfast in purpose,
they were perhaps peculiarly qualified to aid in a new enterprise.
An article in the Reviezv of Reviews, Sept, 1892, says: "The
principal task of our American Colleges is to make men" and it
might be said in regard to the extension of Tri-Delta, that while
since those early days it has not been the policy to enter the
smaller colleges, nevertheless Tri Delta has recognized that its
chief responsibility is to select noble women and where these are
fostered Tri Delta is proud tc remain.
In 1894 Theta was placed at the University of Minnesota,
(Minneapolis), Kappa at the University of Nebraska (Lincoln),
and Iota at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor). The
ALUMNAE ALLIANCES. 35
latter was perhaps the one unfortunate experience in chapter ex-
tension, the rank of the school blinding distant executives as to a
necessity for very thorough local investigations. This charter
was loyally surrendered (1900) by the chapter itself, devotion
to the welfare of the general fraternity convincing them of the
wisdom of such a course. In 1895, Lambda was chartered at
Baker University, Baldwin, Kansas, Sigma at Wesleyan Univer-
sity, Middletown, Conn., and Upsilon at Northwestern Univer-
sity, Evanston, 111. The next year, 1896, gave two more, Nu,
Ohio State University, Columbus, O., and Omicron, Syracuse
University, Syracuse, N. Y. In 1898, Mu Chapter was installed
in the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis., and Xi at the
Woman's College of Baltimore, Md. But one chapter was ad-
mitted in 1900, Pi in the University of California, Berkley, Cal.
Three years later, 1903, Rho was installed in Barnard College,
Columbia University, New York City, and in 1904 four chapters
were admitted, some of which had had petitions pending for
more than two years. These chapters were Tau at Bucknell
University, Lewisburg, Pa. ; Phi, University of Iowa, Iowa City :
Chi, University of Mississippi, Oxford, Miss., and Psi, Univer-
sity of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. In 1905 there was a
return to the first letter of the alphabet, for the youngest chap-
ter, situated at Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg,
Va., Alpha Xi.
The Alumnae Association movement has met with the great-
est success and swiftest progress among the women's fraterni-
ties. Pi Beta Phi was the first to start such an idea when in
1881, as the I. C. Sorosis, thirteen years after founding,
she began the establishment of Alumnae Chapters. Several
changes in her plans of alumnae organizations have been made. In
1889, seventeen years after founding, Alpha Phi organized its
first two Alumnae Chapters. Delta Gamma took up the idea at
about the same time. Kappa Kappa Gamma opened one on a some-
what indefinite plan in 1892, twenty-two years after founding,
which existed until 1896. After this their present plan was taken up
and officially recognized in 1901-1902. Eighteen years after
founding, that is in 1892, Gamma Phi Beta began this work. In
1893, Kappa Alpha Theta organized its first Alumnae Chapter
and Chi Omega organized its first one in 1900.
36 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Delta Delta Delta, founded 1888, made provision from the
first for the founding of Alumnae Chapters or Alliances as they
are called. But four classes had graduated from Alpha Chap-
ter, when its Alliance was formed, August 29, 1892. The first
election of officers is reported in the Trident (Vol. II, No. 1) as
follows: Pres. — Clara Grace Ayres, of Baltimore; V. Pres. —
Bertha Lee Gardner, of Washington, D. C. ; Sec. and Treas. —
Emily Frances Allen, of Boston, Mass.
They were all busy women but found time to strengthen and
broaden the alliance movement. Miss Gardner was the first
Alumnae Department Editor of the Trident. The Third Degree
ritual although previously prepared was not used until 1895,
when a class of eight Alpha seniors was initiated. The number
of alumnae being small and scattered, after the second meeting
of Alpha Alliance, June 8, 1893, it was decided to reserve all
important business for an annual meeting following Com-
mencement each year, but by 1897, the present system of regular
monthly meetings was in full operation. The first two alumnae
to receive the third degree, outside of Alpha Chapter, were two
Lambda girls who were visiting in Boston, Anna M. Hair and
Mrs. Mary Murray Hair. They were made Circle Degree mem-
bers, July 19, 1895. Mary Chadbourne Smith, Theta, also re-
ceived the third degree at this time.
Epsilon was the next chapter to follow in alliance organiza-
tion, then the Chicago Alliance was organized by one of Tri
Delta's founders, Dr. Eleanor Pond Mann, in 1898. The others
to the number of sixteen have followed in rapid succession, as
appears hereinafter in detail.
Although the youngest of the seven stronger national soror-
ities, Delta Delta Delta was of the first, perhaps the first, to work
out and perfect the Alumnae Association system.
Delta Delta Delta was the first sorority to make an allied and
influential place for Alumnae and the third degree, known as the
Circle or Alliance Degree, is a distinctive feature. One of the
impressive features of a Tri Delta Convention is the combin-
ation of graduate and under-graduate work.
Alumnae alliances were planned by the founders in 1888 and
were sanctioned and further provided for by the First National
IN OTHER LINES. ' 37
At the second (1894) and third (1897) National Conven-
tions of Delta Delta Delta, the Alumnae Alliance Delegates
worked not only with the main body but were given equal powers
with the official delegates of the active chapters. It was felt
better work could b? done by tha alliances if a firmer organi-
zation could be accomplished and National Sessions of Delta
Delta Delta Alumnae Alliances were undertaken in 1898.
In Other Lines
As late as 1880 but six men's fraternity magazines were in
operation. But one sorority exceeds Delta Delta Delta in the
number of volumes of magazines published, by anything more
than a very few numbers, although four of the other sororities
preceded Delta Delta Delta by from sixteen to twenty-one years
in organization. Delta Delta Delta took up the publication of
the Trident when there were but four active Chapters, issued the
first number on her third birthday and has not only continued it
without interruption but has placed it on a paying basis. The
convention of 1906 authorized the publication of a private bulle-
tin "The Triton," which has just completed No. 1 of Vol II. Sig-
ma Chi brought out something of the kind for awhile but the first
regularly issued private bulletin among men's fraternities was
"The Hustler" of Sigma Alpha Epsilon, 1892. As far as known but
one other sorority, Chi Omega, publishes a secret magazine, three
numbers of which have been issued. It is called "The Mysta-
The following chapters trace the history out in its respec-
tive sections under the heads of Government, Finances, Visiting
Delegate, Publications, Conventions, Intec-Sorority Events,
Chapter Histories and Alliance Histories. In statistical pages
will be found a chronological outline and various charts and
tables indicative of the progress of Delta Delta Delta and useful
for reference on general sorority subjects.
Explanatory Note. — In the foregoing pages, besides the verbatim
quotations, many facts have been taken from the manuscript of the first
Grand Historian and also much of her data has been made use of in the
paragraphs on the organization of the different chapters. Baird's Manual
of American College Fraternities, (1905), Walter B. Palmer's History of
Phi Delta Theta (1905), The History of Sigma Alpha Epsilon (1893) and
Kanna's Record (1903) have been freely used as reference books through-
out the work. If in citing data of other fraternities or sororities any
mistakes have been made, they are errors of information rather than
those of intention. — B. L. P.
DEGREES AND INSIGNIA
Delta Delta Delta is distinguished by being a fraternity
with three distinct degrees.
I. The Trident Degree is a formal degree administered at
the time of pledging and is perhaps as dignified and binding as
anything in Pan-Hellenism.
II. The Stars and Crescent Degree is the regular collegiate
chapter degree with its A A A, A A A and A © $ mot-
III. The Circle or Alumnae Alliance Degree is also a part
of formal ritual work and is known as the Graduate Degree. It
can only be administered to those having taken the Trident and
Stars and Crescent Degree.
The official badge of the First or Trident Degree has been
authorized as a Trident of silver and is known as the pledge pin.
It bears the chapter letter and may be worn as a guard with the
second degree badge.
The badge of the Second Degree is described as consisting
of three stars within a Crescent of three hundred degrees, bearing
three Deltas. This is the college emblem and is recognized as the
The badge of the Third Degree is a Delta in white enamel
supported by three Deltas of gold and inscribed in a golden circle,
surrounded by six spherical triangles in blue enamel. This is to
be worn beneath the badge of the Second or Stars and Crescent
Besides the secret mottoes of the second and third degrees,
there is the Tri Alpha motto of the Trident or first degree, which
is also known as the open motto of the fraternity and is 'A(j<£aAw«
'AyawwcT 'AAA^Xas. (Asphalos' Agapomen Alle'las).
"Let us steadfastly love one another."
The call of Delta Delta Delta is sung to the 1, 3, 5, and 8
of a scale ascending and descending. It is
AAaAa AAaAa AAaAa
. (Alala Alala Alala')
Ta lepa IIoTeiSama
(Ta Hiera Poseidonia.)
The colors of Delta Delta Delta are silver, gold and blue,
The tree is the Pine.
The flower is the pansy.
The jewel is the pearl.
The patron Greek divinity of the fraternity is Poseidon.
COAT OF ARMS.
The Seventh National Convention (1906) adopted a Coat
of Arms as designed by Richard B. Lockwood of New York.
It is in Heraldic Terminology as follows : A Shield Quartered
— the first and fourth azure, a Trident or. The second and third
or — a Pine tree ppr. Crest — A pansy ppr. Mottd — 'Aor<£aAak
N. B. — Meaning the 1st and 4th are blue fields on each of which is
a silver Trident; the 2nd and 3rd are gold fields on each of which is a
pine tree, natural color.
Elizabeth A. S. Tredwell, Rho, was chairman of Committee
A selection made by the Grand Council was sanctioned by
the convention of 1906. The design is described as a rectangular
40 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
flag of three vertical bars, the first and third sea green, (green
being the union of Tri Delta's colors), one bearing three Deltas
(superimposed) in white and the other, three stars in white; the
middle bar, white with the green pine tree upon it. The design
was drawn by Eleanor McClure, of Epsilon, daughter of S. S. Mc-
Clure, Publisher, New York City (he, himself, an alumnus of
Stationery headings for formal correspondence have been
in vogue since the first year. They are too numerous to describe,
excepting by illustration. Business stationery was varied ac-
cording to fancy of officer or chapter until in 1905 a uniform
style was adopted, the size being the square commercial note for
both chapters and Grand Council.
A uniform style of embossed lettering is used by the Grand
Council and each individual chapter has freedom of choice in
lettering, color, and design.
Circle Degree pin adopted 1900.
First Jewelled pin, Trident and Circle
First AAA pin.
Official prior to 1900.
Badges of Delta Delta Delta.
;* fa/ f
^ -Aocs GercBn flctont &
AW f T^ r r !? c ;ntcrt«ti of
First Charter Issued by Alpha Chapter.
fnllpobkrto failher fjje
First Charter Bearing "Grand President/'
Delta Delta Delta
Stationery Designs by Wilbur-Lanphear Co., Galesburg, III.
■_ -i ~
r> r *"'
J7 > r^
<1 ' •»
J ■ O"
1 £J n
2. n !L w
1 sr »
| n 9.
« 3 ■■
V 1*1 ,-
3! r 1
~ H 3
•* r~ si o PI r
r sf r 2
H ,s» . -\ -
> a > "
._ r >
n ^ 3
• v a
A A A
iMta ddnx DHiu
Emblematic Stationery Designs.
(Large pin in center, first design printed. 18S9).
* — ^
DELTA DCLTA DELTA
iU'Uu tU-ltn Delta
DELTA DELTA DELTA
DELTA DELTA DELTA
DELTA DELTA DELTA
Delta iU-ltit iW-ltu
Designs of Official Stationery.
Pins Made by Wilbur-Lanphear Co., Galesburg, III.
Delta Delta Delta Table Service Made by Wilbur-Lanphear Co., Galesburg, III.
Delta Delta Delta Jewelry Made by Wilbur-Lanphear Co., Galesburg, III.
Fobs Made by Wilbur-Lanphear Co., Galesburg, III.
The government of the fraternity was vested in the found-
ers of Alpha Chapter and Alpha Chapter from 1888 to 1893.
The archives are still with Alpha. The Grand Council System
inaugurated by the first convention has been systematized and
strengthened by each succeeding one. The Grand Council at
present contains ten members.
Provisions were made for five provinces — Alpha, the At-
lantic State — Beta, between the Atlantic States and the Mis-
sissippi — Gamma, the remainder of the United States — Canada,
Alpha — and England, Alpha. Each Province is directly under
the supervision of a Grand Vice President and her Deputy.
The Alumnae Alliance System is advisory to and subject to
regulations by the National Conventions and Grand Councils of
the general fraternity. Its organization and government follow
the same rules.
Each petition for a charter is first sent to the Grand Vice-
President of the province wherein the petitioning body is situ-
ated. It is then submitted to the Executive Committee, and with
their approval to the Grand Council. It must then be sub-
mitted to the chapters of all the provinces and can only be
granted by the two-thirds vote of each chapter of all three
provinces. No petition is submitted to vote until the peti-
tioning body is visited by the Grand Vice President of
the province or her Deputy. The petition must receive the
unanimous favor of the Grand Council before it can be submitted
to the chapters.
No charter can be withdrawn excepting by act of a National
Vacancies in office between conventions are filled by vote of
the Grand Council.
The First National Convention (1893) worked according to
the existing original constitution and elected but five Grand
-42 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Officers — President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer and
^Tommissioner of Education. The editor of the Trident was not
at that time considered a member of the Grand Council.
The Second National Convention (1894) added that office
to the Grand Council list, making it have six members.
The burdens of administration having materially increased
with the rapid growth of the fraternity, the Third National Con-
vention (1897) made the number of Vice Presidents three, one
for each province, added a Grand Marshal and a Grand Histor-
ian and dropped the office of Commissioner of Education. The
duties of this officer had been to maintain a high standard of
scholarship among the undergraduates and to render assistance
to alumnae in all educational enterprises, and these duties were
in a measure distributed among the various officials provided.
The office of Commissioner of Education was one of the
things adopted from the plans of Etta May Budd for her nat-
ional sorority which she had given up, joining Alpha Chapter of
Delta Delta Delta and allying with the fraternity her two partially
formed chapters at Ames and Indianola, Iowa.
An Executive Committee was created in 1904, consisting of
the Grand President, the three Grand Vice Presidents and the
Nine members constituted the number of the Grand Council
until the Seventh National Convention, when a tenth member,
known as a Supervisor of Alliances, was added to the number.
A larger use of the privilege of appointing deputies is being made
each year, as the work falling upon each grand officer, as the or-
ganization grows and perfects its system, is becoming too heavy
to be carried by one person.
In intensive development, in government, in finances, every-
thing points to more thoroughly perfected business methods.
The Provinces of the fraternity are directly under the super-
vision of the Province Vice Presidents. But one change has ever
been made in province distribution and that affected but one
-chapter, Xi, changing it from Beta to Alpha province.
A portion of the idea of province arrangement came from
.the plans of Miss Etta May Budd. The idea of holding province
CHARTER GRANTS. 45
conventions was originated at the First National Convention
(1893) and so far as the delegates there knew was an original
idea, they working out this plan in order to overcome the diffi-
culties apprehended from a system of Tri-ennial National Con-
ventions, then planned for. These province conventions held in
1895, 1898 and 1899 were greatly enjoyed and the plan was onlv
abandoned because of the necessity of bi-ennial nationals and the
feeling that too great a strain must not be put either upon the
finances or the energies of the chapters. Besides the regular
official duties that come to the province officer, the Grand Vice
President, it is the custom for her to keep up constant communica-
tion between her chapters by means of Province Round Robin
The province distribution of chapters is as follows:
Delta Delta Delta
Active Chapters —
Alpha — Boston University. Omicron — Syracuse University.
Beta — St. Lawrence University. Rho — Barnard College.
Eta — University of "Vermont. Sigma — Wesleyan University.
Xi — Baltimore Woman's College. Tau — Bucknell University.
Psi — University of Pennsylvania. Alpha Xi — Randolph-Macon
Active Chapters —
Gamma — Adrian College. Mu — University of Wisconsin.
Epsilon — Knox College. Nu — Ohio State University.
Zeta — University of Cincinnati. Upsilon — Northwestern University.
Chi — University of Mississippi.
Active Chapters —
Delta — Simpson College. Lambda — Baker University.
Theta — University of Minnesota. Pi — University of California.
Kappa — University of Nebraska. Phi — University of Iowa.
The granting of charters was one of the prerogatives of the
founders of the fraternity and Alpha Chapter until the first con-
vention. The first two conventions did not do much to make
any general rulings to limit this power, feeling perhaps
that it was for the best interest of so young a so-
ciety to leave it in their hands. The Third National
Convention originated a plan whereby all had a voice
44 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
in the matter. Conventions had the right to grant charters
until the Seventh, 1906, revoked this ruling. But one conven-
tion, the Sixth, 1906, ever granted any charters.
Twenty-five charters have been granted, one of which was
never operated under. One charter was surrendered to the
Fourth National Convention, twenty-three are at present in
Charter fees have been thrice raised. Petitioning bodies
must bear all the incurred expenses, including a special personal
While there have been twenty-five charters granted, more
than double that number have been rejected. Nine were await-
ing decision at the time of the Seventh National Convention,
none of which has as yet received a final vote. Many of the pe-
titioning bodies not granted charters from Delta Delta Delta
have since received charters from well known sororities.
It may be said that the history of charter grants could
be divided into three sections, but of course these sections so
overlap that no dividing line is absolute. As is the case with
every progressive new society, the first officers and early chapters
watched for desirable fields and generally followed the policy of
choosing those petitioning bodies who were already organized
into a local of recognized strength. Personal friends, usually
Greeks themselves, were very active in locating such fields and
the records, which are perhaps better unpublished, show many a
curious and interesting relation of such aid.
In the next stage of progress, while no effort was made to
search for opportunities, yet the high grade school and a well
recommended group were pretty sure of favorable consideration.
In the last period, however, petitions for charters have sometimes
been pending several years and in a few cases only have been
granted when received a second and a third time. Not only has
it been imperative to have a school of highest standing, with the
most desirable students as petitioners, but questions of policy and
location have made it possible to select but few of these.
"The Alliance as an organization has its own constitution,
by-laws and ritual and holds special sessions at each national
convention to discuss and legislate upon all subjects relating to
• EXAMINATIONS. 45
alliances only which are not provided for in the constitution.
Each Alliance is allowed a delegate to the national convention
and there is allowed equal voting powers with the active dele-
gates. No Alliance can be formed with fewer than six members.
The object of the Alliances is to keep in touch with the active
chapters and the sisters of college days by personal contact where
possible, by a series of letters or bulletins where this can not be
done. Literary programs, musicales, contributions to house
funds, fraternity study, an occasional lecture, a little philanthrop-
ic work are special objects. Recently an Alliance officer has been
appointed whose especial duty is the study of the needs of the
Alliance Chapters and the advisability of establishing i.ew ones. '
—The Trident (Ed.), Vol. XV, No. 3.
Official examination on fraternity history and management
is held in each chapter on the second Saturday in March. The
question list and grading are in the hands of a Board of Super-
visors appointed by the Grand President. The Grand Marshal
publishes the record of the examinations in the Trident.
These examinations have been conducted annually since
1898, and it was the custom to require each member to take them
but once, provided each first year initiate secured a satisfactory
grade. The Seventh National Convention provided for an exam-
ination to be given each member twice during the college course.
The freshmen are examined upon ritual, chapter roll and consti-
tution, the juniors upon policy, methods, Pan-Hellenics, Inter-
Sorority Conferences and questions on other fraternities. All
grades of members taking examinations are published in the
An outline of the evolution of the financial system of Delta
Delta Delta could be no better begun than by quoting again the
words of one of the founders and making them apply not only to
the organizers and early members of Alpha but to the Grand
Officers of the earlier Councils and to the charter member groups ,
of all the earlier chapters. "How well they have kept their vows,
there are many to testify, but how unstintingly they gave of .their
money, time and strength will never be known."
In the earliest days of chapter extension, all central expen-
ses were borne by the founders and members of Alpha Chapter,
some matters being paid by direct tax, the others silently liqui-
dated from private purses. The charges for charter, pin, station-
ery and installation officers' expenses were the only amounts
charged up to the respective chapters. The first regular levy
made upon the chapters was the demand for subscriptions to
The Trident, which appeared November, 1891. The first con-
vention endeavored to ensure the Trident income, the second fol-
lowed suit, but it was not until the third convention, 1897, that
any effective steps were taken to formulate a plan for collecting
enough subscription money to run the magazine and thus some-
what relieve Miss Allen (Editor in Chief), her business manag-
ers and Alpha Chapter. This convention levied a per capita as-
sessment on each chapter for the support of the Trident and
placed its collection in the hands of the Grand Marshal. Up to
this time (1897), all Grand Officers' expenses had been borne by
themselves and all the official delegates for the fraternity at large
had been obliged to pay their own bills in addition to giving
their time and labor. The Chapters either paid or assisted in
paying their delegate's convention traveling expenses and this
it was thought accounted for many irregularities in represent-
ation. Therefore, this third convention also levied a general an-
nual per capita tax known as Grand Dues and provided that the
traveling expenses of the active chapter delegates and of the
Grand President, Grand Secretary and Editor of the Trident be
thereafter paid out of the general fund. It also awarded $100.00
to the entertaining chapter of each convention. The grand dues
were raised by the fourth convention to make provision for a
wider range of representation, as more widely separated chapters
were admitted and the name of the Grand Treasurer was added
to the list whose traveling expenses came out of the general fund.
The Fifth Convention facing the one small deficit in the
history of Delta Delta Delta again made a slight increase in the
dues. The Sixth Convention raised the dues of both active and
Alliance members and also levied a per capita tax for visiting
delegate's fund which was held separate and does not appear in
balances. During most of this time, it is well to state that the
Trident was paying its own way and that these increases were
occasioned both by the growth of the organization and the more
accurate methods employed in transacting its affairs.
The Seventh Convention, finding a good surplus in the treas-
ury, left the dues as they were with the exception of placing the
special visiting delegate assessment and fund with the regular
dues and funds*. Provision was made whereby a portion of the
Alliance' delegate's traveling expenses will come out of the gen-
A motion was passed to increase the amount of the conven-
tion fund for each entertaining chapter and provision was made
for proportionate increases in this amount concurrent with chap-
ter extension. This convention also very materially raised the
charter fees. This was the fourth change in these.
As it was reported that the Trident had passed from a mere-
ly self supporting to a reasonably paying enterprise, provisions
were made for the payment of a salary to the Editor-in-Chief.
This salary is variable, being a percentage of the profits. The
Editor pays for her own business management out of this salary.
Thus has begun a transition from that condition so prevalent
in women's societies where not only the burden of the labor and
responsibility is borne, as it always must be, by a very few but
the expense as well is allowed to drain heavily a few private
purses, when it would be but a light tax if assumed by all those
benefited. Each one of the seventeen hundred initiates will be
proud to know that each step has steadily advanced the fraternity
toward a goal of fair and equal representation and taxation, accu-
rate and perfected business methods and eventually it is hoped as
48 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
far as actual outlay is concerned, to realize an absolutely self
The magnitude of the labors of love already accomplished
for Tri Delta is indeed beyond computation and all of the future
of couise depends on an equal devotion of its members, a devo-
tion which must of necessity be its own reward.
Finances of the Individual Chapters
Beyond the apportioning of the Grand Dues and Trident
assessments, the individual chapters are left to conduct their busi-
ness affairs for themselves, simply being required to submit an an-
nual report. It is gratifying to be able to state that in June,
1906, not a single chapter had a deficit to report and that sev-
eral chapters either reported balances or the establishment of en-
dowment funds. The financial reports of but nineteen chapters
are at hand and give an aggregate sum of $10,086.00 as the year's
income. But three of these report as small an income as $100.00
per year, thirteen of these vary from $125.00 to $500.00 per
year, two report in excess of $1000.00, while one chapter, run-
ning a chapter House, shows total book accounts of $3400.25.
Probably two things impressed the Grand Council of 1900-
1902 with the advisability of making provision for a visiting dele-
gate in the government system of Delta Delta Delta.
In the first place for several years it was required that all
petitioning bodies be personally investigated by some officially
appointed and experienced member, if possible one on the Grand
Council at that time — preferably the Grand Vice President of
that province in which the petitioners were located. The bene-
rits of such visits had thus been manifested in this work.
In the second place the plan of having an official visiting
member was being tried with success in other fraternities.
After the subject had been properly presented and fully dis-
cussed, the Boston Convention, (Fifth National, 1903), tabled a
motion to institute such an office and appointed a committee to
estimate the expenses that such an officer would incur. More
special inspection work came up to be done between 1902 and
1904 than ever before.
At the Galesburg Convention, (Sixth National, 1904), it was
moved and carried "that Tri Delta have a visiting delegate who
shall visit each chapter once in two years and that the Grand
President be this visiting delegate and if she finds herself un-
able to act, she shall appoint such delegate." To meet the ex-
penses of such office, a per capita tax of fifty cents on both active
and Alliance members was levied. For a few months after con-
vention, the work of inspecting petitioning bodies and chapters
first on the list was undertaken by the Grand President or by
special deputies appointed by her but it was soon realized that
the work would be of greater value if all inspections were made
by the same person, and the Grand President, Mrs. Leutscher,
being unable to undertake a task of such magnitude, appointed to
the office, R. Louise Fitch, of Epsilon, but recently elected Editor-
in-Chief of The Trident.
It is interesting here to note the peculiar coincidence that
nearly three years before, as the delegate of Epsilon to the Fifth
50 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
National Convention, Boston, Miss Fitch had made the original
motion that Delta Delta Delta institute the custom of having a
visiting delegate. Now it fell to her lot to make the first com-
plete round of personal inspections in the history of the Society.
The cost of the inspecting tour was considerably less than esti-
mated. She inspected twenty-two active chapters, Chi being
omitted as it had so recently been inspected and installed and
she had been present at the initiation installation. She visited
ten Alliances and three Alumnae groups which have become
Alliances and investigated three petitioning bodies. Great
interest was manifested in her report at the Syracuse Conven-
tion, and on every side one heard intense enthusiasm over and
appreciation of her work expressed by the delegates. The con-
vention, recognizing the full value of such a unifying and system-
atizing method, continued the office under an improved financial
Report of First Chapter Inspector.
It is quite impossible to give a detailed account of the results
of the visits of the first Chapter Inspector, for all the information
relative to conditions at the time of each visit has been reported
simply to the Council and it is thought advisable to keep it in the
Council. However, a brief account of the trip and the methods
employed to obtain desired information may be of interest.
The first Chapter visited was Upsilon, at Northwestern Uni-
versity, Evanston, 111. This was in May, 1905. From there I
went to Columbus, Ohio, to visit Nu Chapter ; then to Cincinnati,
Ohio, where Zeta is. At the request of two locals in that vicinity
I visited each of them for several days. In October, Mu, at
Madison, Wisconsin, was visited, and a petitioning group in that
vicinity. In November, I spent several days with Phi, at Iowa
City; in December, with Theta, at University of Minnesota,
Minneapolis. January 8th, 1906, I started west, visiting in or-
der, Delta, at Simpson College, Indianola, Iowa; Kappa at Uni-
versity of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb ; Lambda, at Baker University,
Baldwin, Kansas; the Denver Alliance, at Denver, Colo., and
then took a couple of days' rest or at least of change, at the Grand
Canyon, in Arizona. Then on to Pi, at University of California,
at Berkeley, Calif., and down to Los Angeles to see the Alliance
REPORT OF FIRST CHAPTER INSPECTOR. 51
there. At Pasadena, cares were forgotten for a week in enjoy-
ing the mountains and the side trips to the ocean. I reached
Galva, 111., again on March 1st, and visited Epsilon, Knox Col-
lege, Galesburg, 111., the second week in March. I started east
March 23rd and visited in order, Gamma, at Adrian, Mich., Omi-
cron, at Syracuse, N. Y. ; Beta at Canton, N. Y. ; Eta at Burling-
ton, Vt. ; Alpha, at Boston. After a four days' rest, I visited Sigma,
at Wesleyan University, at Middletown, Conn. ; Rho at Barnard
College, New York City; Tau at Bucknell University, Lewis-
burg, Penn. ; Psi, at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia ;
Xi, at Woman's College, Baltimore, Md. ; and last the youngest
chapter, Alpha Xi at Randolph Macon Woman's College, Lynch-
burg, Va. Left for Galva, 111., May 25th.
As far as possible, four days were spent with each chapter.
In that time, at each school, some social affair, tea, reception,
card party or something of the kind was given at which I was
enabled to meet the members of all rival Sororities in the insti-
tution. Dinners, drives, theatres, dances, receptions, chafing
dish spreads, luncheons, some or all were given at each chapter,
to enable me to meet all active members and Alumnae, and in
some cases gentlemen friends of each chapter, socially. During
each visit a regular chapter meeting and also a regular Alliance
meeting (where an Alliance existed) were held and regular busi-
ness conducted in the ordinary way. Every chapter book was
examined, plans and policy of chapter, characteristics and
strength of rivals, house finances and methods of meeting bills
for house or room, for Grand and Chapter dues were discussed.
At every school, I was privileged to meet the President or
Dean and talk over fraternity affairs. At every institution ex-
cept one I was allowed to obtain the grades for the previous or
present year, as I chose, in some cases for the entire course for
each member. In the excepted school, I was informed that no
one, under any provocation whatsoever, could be allowed to ob-
tain any idea regarding the standing of any student.
In several instances, at the invitation of the Local Pan-Hel-
lenic Association, I was asked to talk Pan-Hellenic matters with
the association and give what ideas I had gathered regarding
rules and conditions in other schools. I met the Dean of Women
at each school, where such an official exists, at her request, and
talked over conditions among the college women and how the
52 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
sororities might be of service to college authorities in bettering
Every spare moment was spent talking, planning with chap-
ter officers and members, discussing national affairs, hearing
troubles, suggesting remedies, planning for everything, from
keeping books and financing houses to "rushing stunts." At each
school the chapter was urged strongly to do everything possible
to promote Pan-Hellenic interests and to aid in college organiz-
ation and interests. Each was urged also to mix wisely social
and intellectual accomplishments. In every instance, rival fra-
ternities were delightfully cordial and hospitable. At Madison,
Kappa Kappa Gamma, at Lincoln, Kappa Alpha Theta, and at
Berkeley, Kappa Alpha Theta sent invitations to dinner to the
chapter house, each of which was happily accepted. A number
of Grand Officers of Kappa Alpha Theta, of Kappa Kappa
Gamma, Delta Gamma and Chi Omega were met at various
places and. the little exchange of experiences was exceedingly en-
The task of visiting the chapters is not a light one. The
social side alone is wearing, though pleasant, and the energy nec-
essary to judge quickly and fairly, ferret out true conditions, be
ready with solutions for any kind of problem, to go with but
little or no sleep, catch trains at any hour of day or night, etc. —
this energy expended is incalculable. But if, as is hoped, the
greater possibilities of usefulness for fraternity members is real-
ized, if system and order prevail, if more enthusiasm is aroused
and interest increased, then the first visiting delegate will feel
that the discomfitures and hard work are more than repaid.
R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon, '02.
DELTA DELTA DELTA
It has been stated that no fraternity has attempted the pub-
lication of a regular magazine so early in its history and with its
strength so untried as Tri Delta. Be that as it may, conceding
that the making of the attempt was brave, the degree of success
has proved the attempt well warranted.
After the first Inter-Sorority conference, held in Boston, in
1891, a conference of Tri Deltas present was called by Alpha
Chapter for April 20. The entire active chapter of Alpha was
present and some of its alumnae. Delta Chapter was represent-
ed by Edith Noon and Gamma Chapter by Bessie M. Leach.
This was the first meeting of representatives from more than two
chapters in the history of the fraternity. It was then and there
decided that Delta Delta Delta should begin the publication of a
magazine to be known as the Trident. Emily Frances Allen, of
Alpha, was elected Editor-in-Chief. It was voted to complete
one volume each year, that volume to consist of three numbers,
one issued each term. It was decided to publish the first number
of the first volume on Thanksgiving Day, 1891, that being the
third anniversary of the founding of the fraternity.
This was done and since that date but one number has ever
been omitted, that being number three of Volume II. It is su-
perfluous to say that this was owing to lack of funds, as from
other records it will be seen that the magazine enterprise was
launched when the fraternity had but six widely scattered chap-
ters, that it then had but eight and that the first convention had
not yet been called.
The Trident has always been issued in its present form,
octavo.; , The first number contained thirty-four pages. Four
volumes of three numbers each (omitting Vol. II, No. 3.) of this
size were issued. With Volume V the publication of four num-
54 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
bers for each volume was commenced. Volume VII saw an in-
crease to fifty pages per number and since that time to the just
completed Volume XVI the quality of press work, paper, binding
and illustration have been steadily advanced as well as the num-
ber of pages. Volume XVI, No. 3 is the largest yet issued and
contained 120 pages.
The Trident remained with Alpha Chapter, Emily Frances
Allen, Editor-in-Chief, through nine volumes. To anyone famil-
iar with the history of fraternity journalism, need more be said?
At the Cincinnati convention, Miss Allen positively refused
a re-election. At two successive conventions she had been able
to report a balance in the treasury and the fact was keenly real-
ized by all that nine years of unflagging zeal and loyalty on the
part of the Editor-in-Chief and her co-workers had not only
created an assured future for the magazine but had exemplified
past all telling the true Tri Delta spirit.
The fourth National Convention elected Julia E. Closterman,
Editor of the Trident and placed its management with her chap-
ter, Zeta, of the University of Cincinnati. Volumes X and XI
were very satisfactorily edited under this management. The
fifth National convention re-elected Miss Closterman but she was
unable to continue in the work and later the Grand Council elect-
ed E. Anna Harrison, Editor-in-Chief and placed the manage-
ment with Xi Chapter at the Woman's College of Baltimore, Md.
Volumes XII and XIII evidence the wisdom of this choice.
Miss Harrison, who was re-elected Editor of the Trident by the
sixth National convention, being unable to complete her term re-
signed and was succeeded by her Assistant Editor, Mary Taylor
Abercrombie, of Xi. She succeeded nicely with Volume XIV,
but resigned the task to R. Louise Fitch, of Epsilon Chapter, and
she as Editor was also commissioned to undertake the business
management of the magazine.
To quote the policy of the Editor verbatim from a recent
letter will give enough reasons why the seventh National con-
vention elected her unanimously for this position in 1906-1908
and under such improved conditions of management and finances
as are explained elsewhere.
"My policy, in so far as it is possible to define it, in editing
the Trident, calls first for system. In this is included strict busi-
REPORT OF FIRST CHAPTER INSPECTOR. 55
ness methods, which comprise closely paid and collected bills,
promptness, accuracy and courtesy in all dealings.
As to the Trident itself, the mechanical construction receives
first attention. The material is arranged in departments, for the
sake of the convenience and benefit of the readers. Articles are
headed attractively, cuts printed on clear, good quality paper, at-
tention is paid to division and paging of articles, so that when
the magazine is picked up it at once inspires in the holder an
eagerness to read it.
Next — material is devoted primarily to the interests of Delta
Delta Delta, then to general fraternity news and problems, and
then to general college news, for in a measure college and fra-
ternity affairs are inseparable.
The Trident is a newspaper in so far as it is possible to
chronicle the doings of any and all Tri-Deltas. Each number
is to contain a carefully prepared "leading article," which is of
special value from a news or an educational standpoint, to the fra-
ternity. Each is to contain some bit of brightness, a humorous
poem, a sketch, an incident, a rollicking song, something that
cheers and amuses. Chapter letters in so far as it is possible to
train the writers thereof, are to be void of monotony and super-
latives, or speaking positively, are to contain, if possible, origin-
ality, tersely expressed recitals of conditions at each college and
chapter, that are at once instructive and entertaining. Certain
issues are to be devoted to special purposes, to the alumnae in-
terests, to the honors of Tri Deltas, to the Fraternity's history,
to the writings of talented members, etc.
Summing up — My policy is to produce a magazine that will
be indespensible in news and enthusiasm and general fraternity
instructiveness to any loyal member of the Fraternity.
R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon, '02.
The cover design of Volume X and XI was the original
work of Lavina Perin Gray of Zeta. The credit of the present
cover design, which was adopted with Volume XV, also goes to
Zeta as both this and the sketches used inside for department
headings are again the work of Lavina Perin Gray.
In making out a table of contents for the Trident no account
is made of the regular departments which exist in them all —
Chapter Letters, Alliance Letters, Personals, Editorials, and Ex-
changes. These departments have been variously handled but at
56 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
present follow the general literary matter in the magazine and
are very ably ordered and divided as follows — Incidents, Editor-
ials, Chapter Letters, Alliance Letters, Personals, Marriages, En-
gagements, Initiates, Births, In Memoriam, Exchanges.
With the present volume, there began a slight change
from the idea of a quarterly, the magazine appearing four times
during the school year, November, February, April and June.
As noticed elsewhere, the old plan of placing the business
management with the Chapter of the Editor-in-Chief has been
abandoned. During 1905-6, the plan of combining Editor-in-
Chief and Business Manager in one person was so successful that
the Convention of 1906 sanctioned and continued the custom.
The Trident — Table of Contents
Vol. I, No. 1. November, 1891.
Our Fraternity, Poem — Sarah Ida Shaw, A. Ragnarok — Bessie M.
Leach, r. Looking Backward — Clara May Eayrs, r. Correspondence,
Trinidad, Colorado — Emily S. Clough, A. The Mission of College Fra-
ternities — C. M. Brodie, The Ramboid. The Forest Lake — Edith Knowles,
A. A Hopeless Case, Poem — Mary E. Cochran, A. Pansies — Christine
Evelyn Jansson, A. Report of First Woman's Pan-Hellenic Convention.
Vol. I, No. 2. February, 1692.
Gamma Chapter Day.
Student Life at Boston University — Charlotte E. Joslin, A. The
Mission of Flowers — Myrtle N. Stillwell, T. Modesty — Minnie Long, A.
Correspondence, Gamma — Bessie M. Leach, r. Cal. — Edna Wilmot, E.
Gold, Silver and Blue, Poem — Grace Lillian Bond, A. Exchange Notices
on Appearance of Trident.
Vol. I, No. 3. May, 1892.
Delta Chapter Day.
The Founding of Delta (Deuteron). Emblem Song — Christine Jans-
son, A. Aurora Leigh — Carrie U. Tanner, A. The Marble Awaiteth —
Abbie Casey, B. Arbutus Blossoms — Eleanor D. Pond A. The Gain of
Friendship — Matie Trumble, I\ Fraternity Negatives — Bertha L. Gardner,
A. Pansies (Poem on Beta Tri Delta Painting). Song, Tri Delta — Bes-
sie M. Leach, r. Translation (Verse) — Bertha M. Stiles, A.
Vol. II, No. 1. October, 1892.
Truthful, Poem — Mary E. Cochrane, A. Silent Influences — Abbie E
Casey, B. Our Fraternity Work — Bessie M. Leach, I\ The College Fra-
ternity at the World's Fair — Report of A A A delegate. Correspondence,
Washington, D. C. — Bertha L. Gardner, A; Toulon, 111 — Rose Genevra
Scott, E; Trinidad, Col. — Emily Clough, A; Galesburg, 111. — Perla Gil-
bert, E. Song.
Complete Collection Non-Illustrated Trident Covers.
Vol. I, No. 1 in Center Right.
Vol. I. BOSTON, NOVEMBER, 1891. No. 1.
In response to often expressed desires from members of the sev-
eral chapters of Delta Delta Delta for a journal to represent the
interests of the fraternity, we begin the" publication of the Trident. 1
Other Greek letter societies have found such publications beneficial,
and it is to be hoped that this new venture will prove advantageous
to the organization in which we take a proper pride. It shall be
our aim to foster among the members still stronger allegiance to
the "gold, silver and blue ;" to cultivate higher literary aspirations,
and to develop, by means of- the fraternity, an increased sentiment
of loyalty to our respective colleges. While seeking mainly to pro-
mote the interests of Tri Delta and fraternity life in general, con-
siderable space will be devoted to college affairs, and to matters
pertaining to the higher education of women, Although the man-
agement will endeavor to accomplish these objects, success implies
and demands the hearty co-operation of individual members through-
out the order.
We are grateful for the many kind wishes that have been
expressed, for the subscriptions and the contributions to the pages
of this first number. It will be necessary, however, to furnish
these contributions regularly, and alumni, especially, will please
bear this fact in mind.
This initial number falls far below our ideal in many particulars,
but we have made a beginning. We would avail ourselves gladly
of friendly criticisms and suggestions in regard to future issues of
Fac Simile First Page First Trident.
First Illustrated Trident Cover. (1900). (Printed in Colors.)
Second Illustrated Trident Cover.
Trident Department Headings, 1905-1907.
Trident Department Headings. 1905-1907.
Trident Department Headings, 1905-1907.
Constitutions of Delta Delta Delta.
(Number one in upper left hand corner).
Chapter Record Book.
Delta Delta Delta Song Book.
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Directories of Delta Delta Delta. First Directory
in Upper Left Hand Corner.
THE TRIDENT — TABLE OF CONTENTS. 57
Vol. II, No. 2. April, 1893.
Romola — Agnes R. Powers, Z. Tongues in Trees, Poem — Grace Lor-
raine Dickerman, A. The University of Vermont — Eva Jones, H. The
Fraternity Exhibit — Bessie M. Leach, r, A A A Delegate. Correspond-
ence — Bertha L. Gardner, A. To Margaret Fuller Ossoli, Poem — Bessie
M. Leach, r.
Vol. III. No. 1. November, 1893.
Convention at Galesburg (First National). Orchis Glen — Bessie
Leach Priddy, I\ Translations — Mary Cochrane, A. The Fraternity Con-
gress (World's Fair) — Charlotte E. Joslin, A. Convention Echoes —
Martha Eveleth, A. A Word about Fraternity, University Beacon. Cor-
respondence, China — Lydia A. Wilkinson, A. Alpha of AAA, Poem,
reprinted — Sara Ida Shaw. A
Vol. Ill, No. 2. March, 1894.
Short Story Literature — Maud Howe, A. Greek Costume (Ex.).
The Fraternity Ideal — Margaret F. Berton, A. Social and Political Life
in College. Paper read at World's Fair Congress — Bessie Leach Priddy,
r. Correspondence Grand President; Almedia Laurson, E.
Vol. Ill, No. 3. June, 1894.
One Way to Success — Abbie Casey, B. Character — Ella F. Tobias, T.
Epsilon, Song. The University of Minnesota. Beta's Visit to Poseidon,
Poem — Emma Richardson, B. Chapter Song — May Brown, A. How to
Rush, (Ex.). List of Members of A A A June, 1894 — Charlotte E Joslin,
Grand Secretary. Illustrations — University of Minnesota.
Vol. IV No. 1. November, 1894.
The Convention (Second, Canton, N. Y.) At Orchard House — Mary
Chadbourne Smith, ©. The Influence of Biography — Grace L. Pond, A.
The Number Three. A Defense of Xantippe — Mary D. Collins, A.
Women at Yale (Ex.) Song — Mattie E. Spafford, H. Neptune's Dream,
Poem — Elizabeth Gibbs, I\
Vol. IV. No. 2. March, 1895.
Song — Hettie Gertrude Beuhler, ©. Romance and Realism — Minnie
C. Jackson, B. A Day at Lake Superior — Louise Robinson, 0. One Sum-
mer's Little Tragedy — Bertha L. Gardner, A. Fraternity Work — Sarah I.
Shaw, A. True Womanhood — Libbie Gibbs, I*.
Vol. IV. No. 3. May, 1895.
Dreamland Faces — Lydia May Plummer, 6: Wesleyan University —
Misses Rogers and Searles, 2. Women in the University of Michigan —
Almaren Orsborn, I, Correspondence, Scotland — Janet Greig, E. Letters,
Grand President, Caroline Edgar, ©. The Mission of the Pansy — Libbie
Gibbs, T. Initiation of Lambda — Hattie B. Morley, A. Illustrations, Wes-
Vol. V, No. 1. November., 1895.
Baker University — Mary Sophia Ives. Methods and Principles of
Rushing — Louise Robinson, ©. The Relation of the Alumnae to the Ac-
tive Chapter — C. Grace Ayres, A. Alpha Province Convention (First.
Boston). Beta Province Convention (First, Ann Arbor.) Illustrations,
Vol. V, No, 2, March, 1896.
Adrian College — Bessie Leach Priddy, P. The Woman Doctor — Elea-
nor D. Pond, A. "Tri Delta Reception," Baldwin, Kan. Ledger.
58 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Vol. V, No. 3. May, 1896.
Our New Chapter (Nu) — Bessie Leach Priddy, r. A Fable — C.
Grace Ayres, A. The Association of Collegiate Alumnae — Bertha L.
Gardner, A. Opening of Alumnae Department, (Al. Ed.) Chapter Ex-
tension — C. Grace Ayres, A ; Charlotte Joslin, A. Forbidden — M. Flora
Smith, A. College Training for Home Makers — Bessie Leach Priddy, T
Illustrations, Adrian College (2).
Vol. V, No. 4. July, 1896.
Simpson College — H. B. Morley, A. Correspondence — Mary S. Evans,
Z. The Alumnae — Ed. Another Fable — Emma Kinney, Z. A Plea for
the Golden Mean — Bertha C. Fox, A. The Washington Convention, Y. P.
S. C. E. Ordination Hymn — Edith M. Wait, B. Illustrations, Simpson
Vol. VI, No. 1. November, 1896.
Omicron Chapter. Greeting Song — Edith M. Wait, B. Sorority Sta-
tistics (Ex.) Poem — Ada A. Cole : A. The University of Michigan. True
Fraternity Work — Elizabeth Gibbs, I". What shall we Read? — Martha L.
Vol. VI, No. 2. January, 1897.
Our Initiates — Maud Howe, A. A Trip South, — Lillie Hunsicker, A.
The Alumnae, (Ed.) Fraternity Life — Carrie D. Beddoe, A. Chapter
Extension — Marion K. Norris, A. The Realm of the Beautiful — Cora C.
Markham, A. A Glimpse of Niagara — Lucy Osborne Searle, 2.
Vol. VI, No. 3. April,* 1897.
Call for Third National Convention, Minneapolis. Ohio State Uni-
versity — Edna Armstrong, N. The Delta Type— Elizabeth W. Upham, A.
The Fraternity in College Politics — Fannie J. Clark, A. Cincinnati as an
Educational Center— Emma Kinney, Z. A Glimpse of the Twin Cities —
Lela M. Klampe, O. A Voyage Incident — Janet Grieg, E. Hymn — Edith
Wait Colson, B. Illustrations, Ohio State University (4).
Vol. VI, No. 4. July, 1897.
Second Notice for Third National Convention, Minneapolis. Idealism
and Pessimism — Mary Sibley Evans, Z, The Chicago Alliance — Edna
Wolfe Pearson, A. The Disadvantages of a College Education. Boston
as an Educational Center — Margaret F. Berton, A. Washington as an
Educational Center — Bertha L. Gardner, A. Chicago as an Educational
Center — Alma S. Fick, Z. A Week in London — Maude E. Muzzy, A.
Fraternity Statistics. Illustrations — Epsilon, Lambda, Zeta, and Kappa
Vol. VII, No. 1. November, 1897.
The Convention (Third, Minneapolis). Convention Notes. Letter
from Grand President, Agnes R. Powers, Z. Fraternity Life — Elizabeth
Gibbs Palmer, T. The New Girl — Cornelia A. Meeks. 2. Fraternity
Ideals — Lela M. Klampe, 6. The First Sorosis. Rushing — Symposium.
Illustrations— Grand Council, 1897-1900.
Vol. VII, No. 2. January, 1898.
College Life in Colorado and Boston — Frances Bayley, A. Fraternity
Friendships — Lydia Sain, A. The True Meaning of a College Course —
Jessie Woodworth, H. The Aim of a Fraternity — Mabel W. Baxter, E.
Ring in the New, Poem — Ada A. Cole, A. The Alumnae Greeting, (Ed.)
THE TRIDENT — TABLE OF CONTENTS. . 59
Love of the Beautiful — Georgiana Reed, A. Columbus as an Educational
Center — Edna Armstrong, N. Glimpses of Longfellow's Boyhood Days —
Carrie Beddoe Chamberlain, A. The New Alumnae — Lillian G. Marr, A.
The Stay-at-Home Alumna — Viola MacLellan, A. The Practical Advan
tages of Fraternity — Luella M. Eaton, A.
Vol. VII. No. 3. April, 1898.
Spring Thoughts — Cara Adams, ©. Fraternity Loyalty — Symposium.
Z, r, B. A Freshman's Impression of Fraternity Life — H. Mildred
French, Z. Spring Time Thoughts — Alma S. Fick, Z. The Alumnae and
the Active Chapter — Mary Sibley Evans, 2. Epsilon Alliance — Janet
Grieg, E. The Fraternity Among Women's Clubs — Maud Howe, A.
The Olio — Discussion of Ex-Member Question, A, r, E ; 0.
Vol. VII, No. 4. July, 1898.
Announcement of Province Conventions. The University of Wis-
consin — Daisie Campbell, M. The Fraternity as a Stimulus — Janet Priest,
9. To the Cruiser, "Marblehead," Poem — Ada A. Cole, A. Debate in
Fraternity Meeting — Ivy Kellerman, N, and Madge McElroy, H. Fra-
ternity Loyalty — Josie Thrall and Alma L. Vore, K. The National Edu-
cational Association Convention — Bertha L. Gardner, A. Pan-Hellenism
— Agnes R. Powers, Z. Summer Sounds — Emily Clough Peabody, A. The
Poems of Jean Ingelow — Margaret F. Burton, A. The Alumnae — Almedia
Laurson Wingert, E.
Vol. VIII, No. 1. November, 1898.
The Convention at Galesburg (Beta Province Second; First Alumnae
Alliance) — Sara Bartlett Hayes, A. The Mississippi International Expo-
sition — Edith Marion Patch, ©. Autumn Poem — Francis J. Clark, A. The
Alumnae and the Chapter — Alta M. Phillips, E. The Influence of the
Fraternity — Katherine Spahr Hull, T. Suggestions — Ellen Huntington
Frankish, K. October Days — Clara Bronson Hopkins, T. Fedalma —
Ethel Cavaness, A. Illustrations — Beta Province Convention ; Delegates
First Alumnae Alliance Session.
Vol. VIII. No. 2. February, 1899.
Our New Chapter, Xi — Elizabeth Gibbs Palmer, I\ The Woman's
College at Baltimore — Elizabeth Tumbleson, S. Alpha Province Conven-
tion (Second, Canton, N. Y.) — Annie B. Carnes, A. Fraternity Spirit —
Percie Janet Smith, 2. A Valentine. Poem — Ada A. Cole, A. Symposi-
um—The Ideal Fraternity Girl— Z, E, A, B, P. Fraternity Responsibili-
ties — A H. Fraternity Loyalty — Vera E. Potter, B. Portia — Winifred
E. Howe, A. Illustrations, Xi Chapter; Baltimore Woman's College (6).
Alpha Province Convention.
Vol. VIII, No. 3. April, 1899.
The Promise of the Fraternity Magazine — Lillie M. Hunsicker, A.
Chapter Meetings, Symposium — Z, E, 2, 0, r. Pan-Hellenism, Sympos-
ium — S, A, M. Fraternity Failings — Lucy Hunt Pocock, N. Social Life
at Syracuse — Alberta Perry, 0. "A Girl I Knew" — Helen Woods, B.
Death is a Maiden Fair, Poem — Janet Priest, ©. The Girl Outside — Emily
A. Hall, A. The College Graduate — Charlotte E. Joslin, A. The Prom-
ised Tryst — L. Osborne Searle, 2. Friendship, Poem — Bertha L. Gard-
ner, A. Poem — Emily A. Hall, A. Report of Second Annual Examina-
tion, 1899. Delta Chapter Banquet, (Ex.)
Vol. VIII, No. 4. July, 1899.
Letter from Grand President, Agnes Powers Dunning, Z. The
60 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Ideal Chapter — Symposium 9 A I K. Our Youngest Chapter (Xi.) —
Bertha L. Gardner, A. A Toast — Louise Chamberlain Stahn, S. A Delta
Pilgrimage — Margaret E. Berton, A.
Vol. IX. No. 1. November, 1899.
Beta Province Convention, (Third, Adrian, Mich.) — Elizabeth Gibbs
Palmer, r. Xi's Greeting — Anna Hoffman, 3. Choosing a Delegate —
Agnes Powers Dunning, Z. The Directory — Ellen Huntington Frank-
ish, K. The Crisis Year — Edith Patch, 9. Beta Province Convention.
Poem — Y. What may be done to reform Rushing — Florence E. Allen, M.
Rushing — Alice A. Mills, B. Fraternity Influence — Anna H. Perry, A.
History of Xi Chapter — Lida Virginia Kirk, 3.
Vol. IX. No. 2. February, 1900.
Alpha Province Convention (Third, Burlington, Vt.) Harmony —
Ethel Herrick, N. The Individual and the Fraternity — Nora Dale Ames,
A. Something to Think About — Annie Cairns, I\ As It Seems to Me —
Maude Hazlett, K. Kindly Advice to Upper Classmen — Anne Metcalf, T.
College Life at Cornell — Ivy Kellerman, N. Social Life at Syracuse Uni-
versity. Gamma Province Convention (Third, Baldwin, Kansas).
Vol. IX, No. 3. May, 1900.
Call for Fourth National Convention (Cincinnati). Our New Chap-
ter n — Louise H. Johnston, n. The University of California — Eleanor
S. Hammock, n. Convention Fore-thoughts — Grace Yale Atwater; B. Fra-
ternity Loyalty — Bessie Leach Priddy, T. Inter-Chapter Loyalty — Effie
Lynch Danforth, I. My Pansies, Poem — Eta. The Helpful Influence of
Fraternity — Annie Hoffman, S. A True Fraternity Woman — Pauline H.
King, E. How Should the Trident be Read— H. Mildred French, Z. A
Former Suggestion Revived — H. Mildred French, Z. Loyalty — Mary
Lou Berry, A. Symbolism — Ada A. Cole, A. The Unruly Member — G.
Y. A. College Education for Woman. The Comedie Francaise — Janet
Grieg, E. The University of Wisconsin — Anna Weber, M. A Thought
from April — Alice Dyar, 9. Report of the Fraternity Examination (1900).
Illustrations — University of California (3) ; University of Wisconsin (3).
Vol. IX, No. 4. August, 1900.
Fourth National Convention (Cincinnati). The Banquet. Conven-
tion Echoes. Convention After Thoughts. Letter from Retiring Grand
President — Sara Bartlett Hayes. Iota Chapter (Charter Surrender.) The
University of Cincinnati — Ruth W. Butterworth, Z. Why Do I Belong
to a Fraternity — Merle Pickford, M. Does College Training Create a Class
of Intellectual Snobs? — Bertha L. Gardner, A. Illustrations — Grand
President; 16 Grand Officers; Cincinnati and its University (4).
Vol. X. No. 1. November, 1900.
The New Home of the Trident — Mary Sibley Evans, Z. Inter- Fra-
ternity Courtesy — Ivy Kellerman, N. About Ann Arbor Deltas — Mary
Goodrich Field, I. Some Thoughts and Events of the Rushing Season —
N, T, 9, M, A, K, E. European College Girls— Ina F. Capen, A. Kath-
erine Koch. Tri Delta's Badge — Almedia L. Wingert, E. Illustrations —
Marshall, 1900-1902; Cincinnati University (6).
Vol. X. No. 2. February, 1901.
Song, For Founder's Day, 1900, tune, Juanita. Some Wisconsin
Ways — Merle S. Pickford, M. Founding of Omicron Alliance — Alberta
E. Perry, 9. A Word for Our Alumnae, H. Room Decorations — Kate
THE TRIDENT — TABLE OF CONTENTS. 61
L. Sudds,, B. What a Freshman Thinks of Mock Initiations — Josephine
Alexander, S. Narrowness of Fraternity Life — Elizabeth R. Peck, 2.
Some Unsolved Problems — Bessie Leach Priddy, r. American Girls at
Oxford. Secret Societies at Wellesley College.
Vol. X, No. 3. April, 1901.
Letter from the Grand President, Sara Bartlett Hayes. Omicron's
Chapter House, Meride McKenzie, 0. One's College Ideal or Books and
Friends — Ada A. Cole, A. Another Freshman on Mock Initiations — Kath-
erine Clapp, N. The Bard — Frat Feeling — Ruth Babcock, ©. Letter from
Miss Joslin, Oxford, England. The Berkeley Chapter House — K Court-
enay Johnston, n. The Fraternity as a Factor in Education — Minnie Jack-
son Ayres, B. Report of the Examination (1901). Illustrations — Pi
Vol. X, No. 4. July, 1901.
Some Possible Causes of the Origin, Etc., of Am. Col. Fraternities —
Bertha L. Gardner, A. Co-operation in a Fraternity — Amy H. Olgen, T.
College Friendships — Louise Robinson Rhodes, O. The Functions of the
Chapter President — M. May in Oxford — Charlotte E. Joslin, A. The
Place of the Y. W. C. A. in a College Girl's Life — Grace E. Woods
— n. Northfield — Carolyn M. Spencer, 0. Active Member List for 1900-
1901. Illustrations— O, M, A, 2, T, Z.
Vol. XI. No. 1. November, 1901.
Self-Government at Wisconsin and What it has Accomplished —
Merle S. Pickford, M. To Give or to Get — Bertha Robinson, B. Fra-
ternity — Alice Mills, B. As Seen by a Greek — Lela M. Klampe, O. The
Trip to Minneapolis — Sophia Margaret Koehler, K. Fraternity Standard
— Clara C. Ewalt, N. Illustrations — Upsilon Chapter.
Vol. XI, No. 2. February, 1902.
The University Settlement, Cincinnati — J. E. C Popularity — Ida
McDonald, A. The Girl who Draws — Elizabeth Peck, 2. The Inner Life
of the Chapter — Ruth Babcock, 9. The Fraternatist's Views. Letter
from the Grand President — Sara Bartlett Hayes.
Vol. XL No. 3. May, 19C2.
Call for Fifth National Convention — Boston. A Reminiscent Letter
— Bessie Leach Priddy, I*. Limited Chapter Membership — Meride Mc-
Kenzie, O. When we are Alumnae — Augusta T. Jones, 2. A Danger —
Martha T. Whittier, A. The Fraternatist's Views. Illustration — Pi
Vol. XI, No. 4. August, 1902.
Boston Tri Delta Song — Ada Augusta Cole, A. Addresses of Wel-
come and Responses. Grand President's Address. Convention Sessions
(V-Boston). Convention Sight Seeing — Ruth Babcock, O. The Social
Side of the Convention — Louise Fitch, E. Lebewohl, (Song) — Ada Au-
gusta Cole, A. Report of Examination (1902). Inter- Sorority Confer-
ence (First, 1902). Letter from Grand President, Sara Bartlett Hayes.
Illustrations — Grand President; 12 Grand Officers, Nu Chapter.
Vol. XII, No. 1. November, 1902
The New Home of the Trident— Sara LaMaistre Johnson, S. The
Ethics of Rushing— Ada Augusta Cole, A. The Hobby of a Constitu-
tional Knocker — Ruth Babcock, O. The Sorority and the Initiate — Clara
62 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
C. Ewalt, N. A Toast, Poem. The Fraternatist's Views. Illustrations —
Baltimore Woman's College (4).
Vol. XII, No. 2. February, 1903.
Syracuse University — Edna Alberta Vanderhoff. O. Renentances,
Poem — Grace Atwater Soule, B. Some Remarks on a Foundling. A
Question of Proportion — Alice E. Dyar, 0. To Tri Delta Men (A Toast)
— Beta. The Fraternatist. Rules for Rushing — Baltimore Pan-Hellenic;
Kappa Alpha Theta Report on Rushing at Swarthmore. Illustrations —
Syracuse University (2).
Vol. XII. No. 3. ' May, 1903.
Boston University — Emily Frances Allen, A. Oxford, the Alma
Mater of Cecil Rhodes— Charlotte E. Joslin, A. M., A. A Sketch— A.
Tribute — Claudia Folson Ellsworth, S. After College, What? — Mima
Weaver, N. Glimpses of Northwestern University — Rogerta Dickinson, T.
Finding, Poem — Lucretia Wooster Seymour, 0. Rushing — M. Elizabeth
Bagg, 2. Settlement Work in University of California — Florence Isabelle
Dodge, n. University Registration Statistics — Rudolph Tombs, Jr. Re-
port of Fraternity Examinations, 1398, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903. Illus-
trations, Boston University (5).
Vol, XII, No. 4. September, 1903.
Syracuse Chapter House — Adelaide Elizabeth Wheeler, 0. A Side
Talk — Anna Hoffman, S. Initiation of Rho — Elizabeth Tumbleson, 3.
The After-Math — Emma Alice Follin, A. Evolution of the Fraternity Ideal
Edna Wharton, A. A Directory of the Active Members of A A A. Il-
lustrations — Epsilon Chapter, Parlors and Girl's Rooms of Omicron
Chapter House (2), Xi Chapter.
Vol. XIII, No. 1. December, 1903.
The International Institute for Girls in Spain — Charlotte E. Joslin,
A. M., A. Barnard College — Harriet Werts, P. Domestic Science in O.
S. U. — Alice Spitler, N. A Few Thoughts on Chapter House Life —
Grace Atwater Soule, B. The Girl who is Willing — Ruth Esther McGrew,
II. The Fraternity Badge — Amy H. Olgen, T. Illustrations — Columbia
Vol. XIII. No. 2. April, 1904.
A Glimpse of Life at the University of California. Know Thyself —
Amy Mclntyre, A, Sententiae. Thoroughness in College Work — Ruby
Hasseltine Cole, A. Loyalty — Omicron. The Active Chapter — The Alum-
na — Bertha E. Wood, B. Pan-Hellenic Banquet a Success (Fourth An-
nual, Des Moines, la). Illustrations — University of California (3) ; Bal-
timore After the Fire (4).
Vol. XIII, No. 3. June, 1904.
A College that Honors Character and Fosters It. (Knox). From
the Interior. Call for Sixth National Convention (Galesburg). A Con-
vention Thought from Eta — Annie Laurie Sherburne, H, June's Induce-
ments — Ethel Connor, E. The Star of Faith, Poem — Jessie F. Lockman,
©. The Snob at College — E. Von Bodenstedt, ©. Fraternity Type —
Rose Johnson, P. To Deltas of '04 — Lela M. Klampe, 9. Odds and Ends —
Camille F. Wheeler, A. Sigma's Robin — Jessie L. Keene, 2. Report of
Fraternity Examination (1904). Wisconsin's Jubilee. Pan-Hellenic As-
sociation at the University of Vermont. Inter-Sorority Conference Re-
ports on the Four Motions and Pan-Hellenic Associations. Illustrations
— Epsilon Chapter, Knox College and Galesburg (6).
THE TRIDENT — TABLE OF CONTENTS. 63
Vol. XIII, No. 4. September, 1904.
Convention Impressions, A,, A, M, r, 2, O, P, n, A. The Social Side
of our convention. Reflections upon Retiring from Office — Lucy Osborne
Searle, 2. Impressions of India — Clara Emily Moore, O. Report of Mu
Chapter, 1903-1904 — Edith Johnson, delegate. Tri Deltas in St. Louis.
Life at Boston University — Alma Drayton Stone, A. Incorporated Fra-
ternities (Ex.) Illustrations — Rho Chapter, Sec, Treas., Mar. and His.,
Vol. XIV, No. 1. December, 1904.
The Inernational Institute League — Charlotte E. Joslin, A. Univer-
sity- of Pennsylvania — Eleanor Fulton Karsner, SK University of Mis-
sissippi — M. L. Rea, X. Iowa University — E. M. Dunham, #. Bucknell —
G. L. M. Tri Deltas at Geneva— A. H. O. Report of the Third Inter-
Sorority Conference. The Initiation of Psi, Phi and Chi. Illustrations —
University of Mississippi (2); Chi Chapter; Phi Chapter.
Vol. XIV, No. 2. March, 1905.
On the Trail of Pizarro — Edith Farrell Staver, O. How the Pan-
Hellenic Organization Works. The Inauguration of Charles William
Dabney — Louise E. Bentley, Z. Illustrations — Elizabeth Tumbleson
Leutscher, Grand President, 1904-1906 ; University of Mississippi, Tau
Vol. XIV, No. 3. June, 1905.
Woman's Unfitness for Higher Co-Education, by Ely Van De Warker,
M. D. M. Katherine Ratterman, Z, A Plea for the Formation of Alliances
— Rose Scott, P. The Development of New Material in a Chapter — Camille
Florence Wheeler, A. Pansies, Poem — Margaret E. Donahoe, 2. A Plea
for the Alumnae — Joanna Pruitt, n. How Sigma Keeps in Touch with
the Alumnae — Maude Stuart Newell, 2. Report on Motions 1 and 2, sub-
mitted the second time by the Inter- Sorority Conference. What Cali-
fornia Deltas are doing toward Forming an Alumnae Association. What
One Alliance has Done for its Active Chapter, Eta. Report of Fraternity
Examination (1905). Illustrations — Delta Chapter House; Room in Mu
Chapter House; Omicron Chapter House; Psi Chapter Rooms.
Vol. XIV, No. 4. September, 1905.
A Day on Pilatus — Ivy Kellerman, N. Phi Beta Kappa at the Wom-
an's College. The Fraternity Ideal. An Echo from Silver Bay. The
Greek Games at Barnard — Katherine Louise Rapp, P. Before and After
Taking — Ruth Elona White. Report of the Inter-Sorority Conference
Committee (Statistics on Social Conditions). Pi Chapter, University of
California — Joanna Pruitt, II. Chapter Publications (Ex.) Plupy Shute
Joins a Fraternity (Ex.)
Vol. XV, No. 1. December, 1905.
A Tri-Delta as Sponsor — Ora Allen, A. Randolph-Macon Woman's
College — Ethel Bradshaw Chappell, A £. Initation of Alpha Xi. Could
We But Know, Poem — Florence Josephine Mastin, P. Report of the
Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference. Up Pike's Peak — Epsilon, '02. Beta
Province Convention (Dec. 8-9, 1905), Evanston, 111. Illustrations —
Randolph-Macon (4) ; R. Louise Fitch (visiting delegate), Psi Chapter,
Alpha Xi Chapter.
Vol. XV, No. 2. March, 1906.
Call for Seventh National Convention. Two points of View. Story
64 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
—Ruth Elona White, *. To-morrow, Poem, Leola Allard, T. Pan-
Hellenics (Des Moines, Waterloo). The Purpose of "Woman's League"
— Amy H. Olgen, T. Stastical Table (Sororities). Illustrations —
Omicron Chapter House; Syracuse University (2).
Vol. XV, No. 3. June, 1906.
Alumnae Associations — R. Louise Fitch, E. What Fraternity Means
to an Alumna — Mary Washington Ball, A S. Result of Fraternity Exam-
ination, 1906 — Katherine Ratterman, Z. The Madison Problem — Amy H.
Olgen, T. The Value of the Fraternity to the Alumnus — Fannie C.
Vol. XV, No. 4. September, 1906.
Seventh National Convention. House Parties. Illustrations — Syra-
cuse Convention. Grand Council (1906-8), House Parties. Convention
Vol. XVI, No. 1. December, 1906.
New House at Baldwin, Kansas. The Waterloo Conference — Edna
Gould, 0. Report of the Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference. Fraternity
Charters granted since Last edition of Baird (Ex). The Province Sys-
tem (Ex). The Influence of Fraternities in Secondary Schools — Spen-
cer R. Smith. Illustrations — Lambda Chapter House (4). New Flag.
Vol. XVI, No. 2. February, 1907.
Heraldy and Its History — Greeting to Tri Delta, Poem — Edith
Marion Patch, ©. Mrs. J. Ellen Foster. Illustrations — Coat of Arm6
of A A A.
Vol. XVI, No. 3. April, 1907.
The Fraternity Song Book — Rowena Whittier, M. Short Poems, Z.
Incidents (House Party, A. "All things come to him who waits," B,
Toboggan Party, H). College Clubs Being Formed. (Chicago) College
Women at Dayton, Ohio. Seventh Pan-Hellenic Banquet (Des Moines,
la.) Is chosen Y. M. C. A. Secretary. Poem. Some New Songs. Il-
lustrations — Bessie (Leach) Priddy, r, at work on History. Music
Vol. XVI, No. 4. June, 1907.
Fraternity History irublished (Review of A A A History). Con-
fessions of an Alliance Member, Z. The Inter Sorority Hand Book.
Results of Examination. Whom to Rush. Incidents. ( House Parties,
A 3, X, A, Sugarin'off, H. More Good Times, A.) Pan-Hellenics ar-
ranged for Next Year. News From Panama. Illustrations. Samples
of History Illustrations (13 pages).
Alpha Alliance Vol. II, No. 1
Opening of Alumnae Department Vol. V, No. 3
The Chicago Alliance Vol. IV, No. 3 ; Vol, VI, No. 4
Epsilon Alliance Vol. V, No. 3 ; Vol. VII, No. 3
Zeta Alliance Vol. VII, No. 2
Gamma Alliance Vol. VII, No. 2
Sigma Alliance Vol. VII, No. 4
Discussion of Ex-Member Question Vol. VII, No. 3
First Alumnae Alliance Session Vol. VIII, No. 1
Lambda Alliance Vol. VIII, No. 3
Omicron Alliance (Founding) Vol. X. Nos. 2 & 3
Theta Alliance Vol. XI, No. 3
THE TRIDENT — TABLE OF CONTENTS. 65
Eta Alliance Vol. XII, No. 2
Delta Alliance Vol. XII, No. 3
Beta Alliance Vol. XIII, No. 2
Rho Alliance Vol. XIV, No. 1
What California Deltas are doing in Alliance Vol. XIV, No. 3
Denver Alliance Vol. XV, No. 1
Mu Alliance Vol. XV. No. 2
Los Angeles Alliance Vol. XV, No. 2
Kappa Alliance. . Vol. XV, No. 3
Alumnae Associations Vol. XV, No. 3
Omicron Vol. X, No. 3 ; Vol. XII, No. 4
Omicron, (Illus.) Vol. XIV, No. 3 ; Vol. XV, No. 2
Pi Vol. X, No. 3
Mu, (Illus.) Vol. XIV, No. 3
Delta, (Illus.) Vol. XIV, No. 3
Psi, (Rooms), (Illus.) Vol. XIV, No. 3
Lambda, (Illus.) Vol. XVI, No. 1
First National, 1893, Galesburg, 111 Vol. Ill, No. 1
Second National, 1894, Canton, N. Y Vol. IV, No. 1
Alpha Province, First, 1895,! Boston, Mass Vol. V, No. 1
Beta Province. First, 1895, Ann Arbor, Mich Vol. V, NO. 1
Third National, 1897, Minneapolis, Minn Vol. VII, No. 1
Beta Province, Second, 1898, Galesburg, 111 Vol. VIII, No. 1
Alpha Province, Second. 1898, Canton, N. Y Vol. VIII, No. 2
Beta Province, Third, 1899, Adrian, Mich Vol. IX, No. 1
Alpha Province, Third, 1899. Burlington, Vt Vol. IX, No. 2
Gamma Province, Third, 1899, Baldwin, Kansas Vol. IX, No. 2
Fourth National, 1900, Cincinnati, Ohio Vol. IX, No. 4
Fifth National, 1902, Boston, Mass Vol XI, No. 4
Sixth National, 1904, Galesburg, 111 Vol. XIII, No. 4
Beta Province, Fourth, 1905, Evanston, 111. Vol. XV, No. 1
Seventh National, 1906, Syracuse, N. Y Vol. XV, No; 4
ESTABLISHMENT OF CHAPTERS.
Commemorative of Alpha, Boston University Vol. I, No. 1
Commemorative of Gamma, Adrian College. Vol. I. No. 2
Commemorative of Delta Deuteron, Simpson College Vol. T, No. 3
Commemorative of Epsilon, Knox College Vol. II, No. 1
Only letter received from Delta, Iowa Agricultural College. .Vol. I, No. 2
Beta, St. Lawrence University Vol. I. No. 2
Zeta, University of Cincinnati Vol. I, No. 3; Vol. II, No. 1
Eta, University of Vermont Vol. II, No. 2
Theta, University of Minnesota Vol. III. Nos. 2 & 3
Iota, University of Michigan Vol. IV, No. 1
Iota, Charter Surrender ' Vol. IX, No. 4
Kappa, University of Nebraska Vol. IV, No. 2
Lambda. Baker University Vol. IV, No. 3
Sigma, Wesleyan University Vol. IV, No. 3
Upsilon, Northwestern University Vol. V, No. 1
Nu, Ohio State University Vol. V, Nos. 2 and 3
Omicron, Syracuse University Vol. VI, No. 1
Mu, University of Wisconsin Vol. VII, No. 3
Xi, Woman's College, Baltimore. .Vol. VIII, No. 2, 4 and Vol. IX, No. 1
Pi, University of California Vol. IX, No. 3
66 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Rho, Columbia University Vol. XII, No. 4
Tau Bucknell University
Phi, University of Iowa Vol. XIV, No. 1
Chi, University of Mississippi Vol. XIV, No. 1
Psi, University of Pennsylvania Vol. XIV, No. 1
Alpha Xi, Randolph-Macon Vol. XV, No. 1
Suggestion for Examinations (Ed.) Vol. V, No. 1
Report of Second Annual Examination, 1899 Vol. VIII, No. 3
Report of Third Annual Examination, 1900 Vol. IX, No. 3
Report of Fourth Annual Examination, 1901 VoL X, No. 3
Report of Fifth Annual Examination, 1902 Vol. XI, No. 4
Combined Report of Examinations, 1898-1903. (Sixth Annual)
Vol. XII, No. 3
Report of Seventh Annual Examination, 1904 Vol. XIII, No. 3
Report of Eighth Annual Examination, 1905 Vol. XIV, No. 3
Report of Ninth Annual Examination, 1906 Vol. XV, No. 3
Report of Tenth Annual Examination, 1907, Vol. XVI, No. 3
INSTITUTIONS AND THEIR CITIES.*
Student Life at Boston University. Vol. 1, No. 2
The University of Vermont ' '. .Vol. II, No. 2
The University of Minnesota Vol. Ill, No. 3
Wesleyan University Vol: IV, No. 3
Women in the University of Michigan Vol. IV, No. 3
Baker University Vol. V, No. 1
Adrian College Vol. V. No. 2
Simpson College Vol. V, No. 4
The University of Michigan . .• Vol. VI, No. 1
Ohio State University Vol. VI, No. 3
Cincinnati as an Educational Center Vol. VI, No. 3
A Glimpse of the Twin Cities Vol. VI, No. 3
Boston as an Educational Center Vol. VI, No. 4
Chicago as an Educational Center Vol. VI, No. 4
College Life in Colorado and Boston Vol. VII, No. 2
Columbus as an Educational Center Vol. VII, No. 2
University of Wisconsin Vol. VII, No. 4
Woman's College,! Baltimore Vol. VIII, No. 2
Social Life at Syracuse Vol. VIII, No. 8
The University of California Vol. IX, No. 3
The University of Wisconsin Vol. IX, No. 3
The University of Cincinnati Vol. IX, No. 4
Cincinnati — Home of Trident Vol. X, No. 1
Self-Government at Wisconsin Vol. XI, No. 1
The University Settlement, Cincinnati Vol. XI, No. 2
Baltimore — The New Home of Trident Vol. XII, No. 1
Syracuse University Vol. XII, No. 2
Boston University Vol. XII, No. 3
Northwestern University • Vol. XII, No. 3
Settlement Work in California Vol. XII, No. 3
Barnard College Vol. XIII, No. 1
Domestic Science in O. S. U Vol. XIII, No. 1
A Glimpse of Life at University of California Vol. XIII, No. 2
Knox College (A College that honors, etc.) Vol. XIII, No. 3
Life at Boston University Vol. XIII, No. 4
University of Pennsylvania Vol. XIV, No. 1
University of Mississippi Vol. XIV, No. 1
University of Iowa , Vol. XIV, No. 1
THE TRIDENT TABLE OF CONTENTS. 67
Bucknell University Vol. XIV, No. 1
Phi Beta Kappa, the Baltimore Woman's College Vol. XIV, No. 4
The Greek Games at Barnard Vol. XIV, No. 4
Randolph-Macon Woman's College Vol. XV, No. 1
first with Alpha Phi, Chicago, 1902 Vol. XI, No. 4
econd with Gamma Phi Beta, St. Louis, 1903. Partial Reports
Vol. XII, No. 2; Vol. XIII, No. 3
Third with Delta Gamma, Chicago, 1904 Vol. XIV, No. 1
Report on Motions 1 and 2 (second time submitted) ... .Vol. XIV, No. 2
Report of Inter- Sorority Conference Committee Vol. XIV, No. 4
Fourth with Delta Delta Delta, Chicago, 1905 Vol. XV, No. 1
The Madison Problem Vol. XV, No. 3
Fifth with Alpha Xi Delta, Chicago, 1906 Vol. XVI, No. 1
PAN-HELLENIC AND FRATERNITY NOTES.
Report of First Woman's Pan-Hellenic Convention Vol. I, No. 1
The College Fraternity at the World's Fair Vol. II, No. 1
The Fraternity Exhibit Vol. II, No. 2
The Fraternity Congress (World's Fair) Vol. Ill, No. 1
Sorority Statistics Vol. IV, No. 1
The First Sorosis Vol. VII, No. 1
Pan-Hellenism .Vol. VII, No. 4, and Vol. VIII, No. 3
Some Possible Causes of Origin of Am. College Frat Vol. X, No. 4
Baltimore Pan-Hellenic Vol. XII, No. 2
Kappa Alpha Theta on Rushing Vol. XII, No. 2
Pan-Hellenic Des Moines, Fourth Vol. XIII, No. 2
Pan-Hellenic Association, University of Vermont Vol. XIII, No. 3
Incorporated Fraternities Vol. XIII, No. 4
How the Pan-Hellenics Work Vol. XIII, No. 2
Pan-Hellenics, Des Moines, Waterloo Vol. XV, No. 2
Statistical Tables, Sororities Vol. XV, No. 2
Chapter Publications Vol. XV, No. 4
Fraternity Charters granted since last Edition of Baird. .Vol. XVI, No. 1
The Province System Vol. XVI, No. 1
The Influence of Fraternities in Secondary Schools Vol. XVI, No. 1
Pan Hellenic Banquet at Des Moines, Iowa, (Seventh) . .Vol. XVI, No. 3
Inter Sorority Hand Book: Vol. XVI, No. 4
Pan Hellenics Arrange for 1907 Vol. XVI, No. 4
Vol. I. 3 Nos. Editor-in-Chief, Emily Frances Allen. Business
Managers, Clara Grace Ayers, A ; Charlotte Elizabeth Joslin, A. Pub-
lished by Alpha Chapter, Boston, Mass. Cover, light blue. Lettering,
"The Trident," gold, ornate Capital ; pps. 106
Vol. II. Only changes ; Business managers, Carrie D. Beddoe, A.
Alice V. Currier, A ; pps. 71.
Vol. III. Only changes. Business Managers, Alice V. Currier,
Luella Eaton, A ; pps. 101.
Vol. IV Only changes : Business Managers, Mary F. Rich, A, Luella
Eaton, A ; pps. 104.
Vol. V. 4 Nos. Only changes : Alumnae Editor, Bertha Lee Gard-
ner, A. Business Managers, Mary Franz Rich, A; Emily H. Hall,
A. Cover, lettering plain ; pps. 134.
Vol VI. Only changes: Business Managers, Anjeanette G. Atwood, A.
Addie R. Santon, A ; pps. 149.
Vol. VII. Only changes : Alumnae Editor, F. Maude Howe. Business
68 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Managers, Daisy A. Boon 0, Ivy Kellerman, N, Louise Robinson, 9
Lettering, "The Trident of Delta Delta Delta;" pps. 198.
Vol. VIII. Only changes : No Alumnae editor. Business Managers,
Daisy A. Boon, O, Ivy Kellerman, N, Xela Klampe, © ; pps. 200.
Vol. IX. Only changes; pps. 205.
"Vol. X. Editor in Chief, Julia E. Closterman, Z. Business Manag-
ers, Anjannette Atwood, A, Gertrude Stillman, M, Alice A. Olds, 9.
Edited by Zeta Chapter, Cincinnati, O. Cover, white. Lettering, "The
Trident — Delta Delta Delta" and Design, blue and gold: pps. 192.
Vol. XI. Only changes : pps. 200.
Vol. XII. Editor in Chief, E. Anna Harrison, S. Business Manag-
er, Mildred Rife, S. Edited by Xi Chapter, Baltimore, Md. Cover, dark
green. Lettering, gold, plain, "The Trident" pps. 210
Vol. XIII Staff the same. Cover, white. Lettering the same ; pps.
Vol. XIV. Only changes. Editor in Chief, Mary Taylor Abercrom-
bie, 3. Cover dark brown. Lettering, same : pps. 260.
Vol. XV. Editor-in-Chief and Business Manager, R. Louise Fitch, E
Cover, dark green. Lettering and design, black: pps. 278.
Vol. XVI. Only Changes pps. 409.
The Seventh National Convention authorized the publication
of a Private Bulletin to appear simultaneously with the Trident
and to be under the same management. It is to be of a variable
size, as occasion demands. To quote the editor: "Its purpose
is two-'fold, to curtail the work of the grand officers and more
thoroughly to acquaint the members of Tri Delta with the work of
the Council and the problems which continually confront the fra-
ternity. Convention, Council and Chapter reports, suggestions
and directions to chapter officers, reports on endowment fund ; in
short, the private business of the society will be reserved for
these pages." •
The Executive Committee of the Grand Council have be-
stowed the name of "Triton" upon this secret magazine.
Volume I has been issued, the first number containing twenty
octavo pages, the second, ten, third thirteen, and the
fourth thirty-five. No. 1 of Vol. II is just issued and contains
ten pages. Accompanying the second was a colored print of the
new official flag design, adopted by the Seventh Convention.
Probably the most extensive pamphlet issued by the sorority
v.as compiled and edited in 1906 by K. Ccurtenay Johnston (Pi),
Grand Vice President of Gamma Province. It was entitled
"Chapter House Ownership" and reported the conditions prevail-
PUBLICATIONS PAMPHLETS. 69
ing September, 1905, in those universities and colleges where
chapters of Delta Delta Delta were located. Besides giving data
as to chapter houses or halls rented or owned by all sororities in
these schools and summarizing the conditions as reported in
Delta Delta Delta, a set of "Recommendations for Ownership"
was given, showing "Methods of Building" and a synopsis of the
expense accounts for the running of the chapter houses of Omi-
cron, Syracuse, N. Y., Mu, Madison, Wis., and Pi, Berkley, Cal.,
(east, central, west) during October, 1905.
Particulars of the plan of building the Lambda Chapter
House, Baldwin, Kansas, and of the accumulation of Pi Chapter's
Furniture Fund were also appended.
The Pamphlet contained fourteen octavo pages.
The following blank reports were issued for 1906 for each
chapter and alliance and filed as filled and read for convention :
Report for Year Ending
Of Chapter. At (College or U)
In (city and state) Established (date)
No. returning at opening of Fall term No. initiated during year
No. transferred (state from which chapter) Total No. actives
No. bid by other fraternities (which)
Lost to other fraternities (which)
Pres. of Pan H (Frat.) Pledge dav
Fixed bv Pan H. or Faculty
Object of Pan H
Fraternities at College in order of establishment, with date. (Not pro-
No. students enrolled in all departments. Men Women
No. women in collegiate departments .... Professional, music, art, etc ... .
Entire amount of income for year How received
(dues, gifts, etc.)
Entire expenditure For what (house, social affairs, etc)
House, Own ? . . . . Rent ? . . . . No. rooms .... No. living in house
Rent rooms ? How many? Rent paid per year for house
or rooms Property rented (aside from house)
Value Property owned Value
If house is owned, how was money obtained
Indebtedness For what ? Surplus in treasury
Amount chapter endowment How obtained
Have you a complete file of Tridents ? Complete chapter history ?
Positions held during the year
Delegate to Convention
REPORT OF ALLIANCE.
At (city) , for year ending 190. .
Alliance established (date)
No. resident members No. non-resident members. . . . Total
Meetings held (time and place)
70 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Nature of meetings
Annual expenditures (aside from Grand and Trident dues)
For what ?
Property owned or rented
Chapter Record Books
By the order of the Seventh National Convention, uniform
Chapter Record Books have been issued to each chapter.
The technical description of the chapter books is "Flexible
loose leaf binders, with three rings. Made of best red buffing
leather, size 9 x 11. In center of outside cover, stamped in gold,
is the stamp of stars and crescent. The ruling of Treasurer's
book is the regular ledger ruling, of Historian and Secretary five
faint (5 faint)."
Model record pages are enclosed in each Treasurer's and Sec-
retary's book, while in each Historian's book is a complete out-
line providing for the keeping of a narrative history of each
year, an undergraduate and post graduate record of each initiate
and tables of initiations, social functions, college honors, gradua-
tions, deaths, marriages and births, with a complete index sys-
An annual inspection of these books will be made and from
these records the chapter officers will fill their report blanks foi
the respective Grand Council Officers.
The first official directory of Tri Delta was published as an
appendix to the Trident number of June, 1894, and was com-
piled by Charlotte E. Joslin, of Alpha, at that time Grand Sec-
retary. This contained the roll of eight chapters and comprised
a list of two hundted and thirty-six names with their addresses.
Miss Joslin issued a separate printed directory for each of the
next three years and to the Directory of 1896, a page of fraternity
statistics was added, compiled by Sarah Ida Shaw Martin, then
Commissioner of Education. The plan of this directory has been
followed in general by the succeeding secretaries each year.
The Directory for 1904 contained a list of twenty-two active
chapters and the lists of officers for nine Alumnae Alliances. One
thousand three hundred and forty names and addresses were
listed but this was not a full list of fraternity membership, as no
PUBLICATIONS — CATALOGUES. 71
names were given from the two defunct chapters or names whose
addresses were not obtained.
Nine directories or membership lists have been issued. The
Seventh National Convention ordered the publication of a direc-
tory for 1906-1908 that will be somewhat more of a catalogue
A card catalogue of the members of the fraternity was or-
dered by the Grand Council of 1904-1906. This has been col-
lected and filed by Grand Marshal Edna Wharton Hoch, and the
following is a copy of the blank form used :
PRINT Is Ink. plainly.
Street and Number
Offices held in Chapter
Date of Graduation
or of Leaving School
Post Graduate Study at
Honors won, offices held
Honors Won lince leaving school (with dates)
Positions held since leaving school (with dates)
72 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
There is now going to press for 1900-1908 a catalogue of
Delta Delta Delta which contains the usual data of name, mar-
ried name and address of members in alphabetical order and chap-
ter lists, Alumnae Alliance lists, with positions indicated by marks
and type. A list according to geographical distribution is also
included and a map of the United States, showing Chapter and
During the early history of the fraternity, the Constitution
was supplied the members and chapters in typewritten copies
only, but after the Third National Convention (1897), a printea
Constitution was issued. This has been four times revised and
reprinted, 1900, 1902, 1904, 1906.
The size of the printed Constitutions has been 12 mo. The
covers of the first two were light blue, lettered in gold, and bore
three golden Deltas above and below lettering. The third issue,
1902, had yellow covers and black lettering. The fourth, 1904,
was again bound in blue and nothing appeared on the cover but a
fac-simile of the badge in gilt. The fifth issue of the Constitu-
tion, as revised by the Seventh National Convention (1906), ha-;
just been issued. It is bound in brown, lettered in black and
contains thirty-two pages, with a leaflet insert of important Con-
The Convention reports have always been typewritten cop-
ies, are verbatim and issued immediately to each chapter and
officer. Condensed reports are published in the next number of
the Trident with full descriptions of the accompanying social
All but two of the Province Convention reports were quite
fully given in the Trident.
The Seventh National Convention marked an innovation in
bringing out Convention reports. The social features and the
representation were reported in the Trident, while the verbatim
minutes of the Convention were printed in full in the Triton
(Vol. I, No. 1), in this way reaching all those engaged in active
PUBLICATIONS — RITUALS. 73
The ritual work of the three degrees of Delta Delta Delta is
of course not sent to the press. But one typewritten copy is is-
sued to each Chapter or Alliance.
The pledging system was made formal and binding by the
issuing of ritual work for the Trident or Pledging Degree. The
Stars and Crescent Degree has been worked on by a Ritual Com-
mittee at each Convention but no integral changes have ever been
The ritual for the Circle or Alliance Degree was compiled by
practically the same hands as the two former degrees and has
suffered but little revision.
A Post Initiation Lecture, prepared by Ida Shaw Martin, has
been issued to each chapter. The full meaning of Tri Delta obli-
gations and the elaborate and intricate details of the symbolisms
are therein explained.
The songs of Tri Delta had as their nucleus a collection made
by Alpha Chapter in the first year of its history. Written copies
were sent out to the first few chapters. The first copies con-
tained twelve songs.
A committee on Song Book has been at work through three
convention periods, collecting the songs of the various chapters
and those from time to time published in the Trident. The result
of their labors finally came into the hands of Louise Chamberlain
Stahn, Xi, who by her own efforts and the untiring assistance of
K. Courtenay Johnston, Pi, succeeded on Oct. 19, 1905, in send-
ing to the press the first Tri Delta Song Book.
The volume is bound in blue cloth and bears its title in gold,
"Songs of Delta Delta Delta." The only ornamentation is a fac :
simile of the Stars and Crescent, also in gold.
The volume is divided into seven parts, Initiation Songs, Em-
blem Songs, Songs of Loyalty and Endeavor, In Lighter Vein,
Songs of Friendship, Farewell Songs, Reunion Songs. There
are forty-seven songs in all. Only those were selected for this
volume in which both music and words were deemed suitable and
in nearly every case the full score of music for voice and piano
has been printed.
HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Original music appears by K. Courtenay Johnston, Pi ; M.
Louise Johnston, Pi, and Annette Tarleton, Delta.
There is an index of titles and first lines.
There also appears a contributor's list, with Chapter's
credits in the book, as follows :
The following Chapters have contributed to the Song Book :
Alpha — Ten Songs.
Christine E. Jansson Howard :
Ada A. Cole:
Boston Tri-Delta Song.
Pine Tree Chorus.
Sarah Ida Shaw Martin :
Myrtie May Burdett:
Emily Frances Allen :
Hail! Noble Delta! Hail!
Should Delta Sisters E'er Forget
Beta — One Song.
Gamma — One Song.
Edith W. Wait Colson:
Bessie M. Leach Priddy :
Soft O'er My Spirit.
Delta — Two Songs.
Tri Delta Alliance.
Once Again is Friendship Strengthened.
Epsilon — Three Songs.
Alma Thompson :
Our Songs of Grateful Love.
Zeta — Two Songs.
Lucy M. Lamdin : Adele J. Bentley :
Gold as the Stars. Delta Tried and True.
E. Edna Todd :
Song of Praise.
Mary E. Mott.
Iota — One Song.
Omicron — One Song.
The Flower's Message.
In Memoriam. ,
Shall There be Days so Fair as
Pure of Heart as Snowdrops Are.
Xi — Twelve Songs.
Louise Chamberlain Stahn :
Gently the Day Adown the West.
Ye Who Sleep, Awake ! Awake !
Come, Delta Sisters, and Gather.
Earth and Air are Laughing.
Dark the Night,
Vive le Fille.
Pi — Thirteen Songs.
M. Louise Johnston : Sea Chanteys.
The Maiden and the Moon. Reunion Song.
Round — I Wish I Had Studied. Song of Triumph.
Rest is Best. The Mystic Call.
PUBLICATIONS — SONGS. 75
K. Courtenay Johnston : African Melodies.
Farewell Song. Eleanor Stewart Hammack :
In Our Circle's Charmed Spell. Share and Share the Same.
Hail to the Crescent. The Pansy and the Pine.
Sigma — One Song.
Margaret E. Donahue :
Nature's Song to Tri Delta.
Of these songs, Emblem Song, Hazing Song, Rushing Song,
Hail! Noble Delta! Hail! and Should Delta Sisters E'er Forget,
are the oldest.
Marches, waltzes and two-steps have also been written for
and dedicated to Tri Delta and to some of her separate Chapters.
The convention of 1902 appointed as Solicitors of Songs for
the Song Book:
K. Courtenay Johnston, Pi ; Daisy Bonnell, Kappa ; Rogerta
Dickinson, Upsilon. Judges : Louise Stahn, Xi ; Sara Peckover,
Alpha; Mary C. Paddock, Eta.
DELTA DELTA DELTA
The first inter-chapter conference of Delta Delta Delta wa.j
held with Alpha Chapter in Boston, April 20th, 1891. The de-
liberating body consisted of the active Alpha Chapter and dele-
gates, Edith Noon, of Delta, and Bessie M. Leach, of Gamma.
The publication of the Trident was the important thing provided
for at this time. Emily Frances Allen (Alpha) was elected Ed-
itor-in-Chief and the business management of the magazine was
placed with Alpha Chapter.
FIRST NATIONAL CONVENTION,
The First National Convention of Delta Delta Delta was
called by Grand Chapter Alpha, to meet with Epsilon Chapter,
at Knox College, Galesburg, Illinois, May 24-26, 1893. Up to
this time Alpha Chapter had managed the affairs of the national
fraternity under the supervision of a Grand President, Sarah
Ida Shaw. Looking backward now this first Convention looks
like a small beginning but it was an effective one. But four of
the eight chapters were represented but so many of the Epsilon
Alumnae were in attendance that something over forty Tri Del-
tas were present at the sessions. Bessie M. Leach, of Gamma,
had been deputized as presiding officer, and Patsie Ingersoll, of
Epsilon, was elected Secretary.
The Convention revised the constitution, revised and elab-
orated both' the pledging or Trident Degree, the Second or Stars
and Crescent Degree, and provided a place for its Alumnae Al-
liances already forming, also officially authorized the "Alumnae
Obligation or Degree" to be used as prepared by the founders,
and this is now known as the Third or Circle Degree. The Al-
umnae work was placed in the hands of Alpha Alumnae Alliance.
Besides the election of the first grand council and discus-
sions on cuts, badges, etc., a convention system was arranged to
consist of a National Convention to be held once in three years,
FIRST NATIONAL CONVENTION. 77
beginning with 1894, and an annual Province Convention system.
A tax was levied for the support of the Trident and the man-
agement of the same commended.
The charter of Delta Chapter was surrendered, the name
of Delta Deuteron changed to Delta, and the Delta list affil-
iated with the Delta Deuteron roll. (The change in the nam-
ing system was again confirmed by the Third Convention.)
This convention authorized the call for the Second National
Convention, to be held with Beta in 1894.
Alpha Martha Eveleth. Epsilon Patsie Ingersoll.
Gamma Bessie M. Leach. Almedia Laurson.
Delta Hattie B. Morley.
Twenty active Epsilon members. Fourteen ex-members and alum-
nae of Epsilon.
Wednesday Evening, May 24th— Friday Evening, May 26th — Con-
Reception. • ' vention Reception and Pan-
Thursday Evening, May 25th — Hellenic Ball.
Dinner. (See Trident, Vol. Ill, No. 1.)
The following is a list of members of Epsilon Chapter who
were all in all probability in attendance at the First National
Convention. No record was kept of the unofficial delegates at
Six of these were alumnae of Epsilon. the remainder active.
Blanche George. Fannie Sisson. -^"
Elizabeth Camp. Edith Wylie.
Nelle Bassett. May Roberts.
Ethel Egan. Lillian Em rich.
Grace Hoffman. Martha Stone.
Ella Milchrist. Alta Marsh.
Patsie Ingersoll. Mabel Crocker.
Almedia Laurson. Janet Greig. —
Grace Matteson. Lulu Conklin.
— -Nell McCool. Lena Staat.
Evelyn Ogden. Mabel Worden.
Blanche Aldrich. Dorothy Lee.
Nelle Staat. Blanche Hinman.
Perla Gilbert.- Martha Barden. — "
The banquet after the First convention was an informal but
very pretty affair, and its program was impromptu.
The ball was the event of the convention and its being the
78 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
first, it seems that the following quaint description from a local
Galesburg paper will perhaps be interesting and amusing.
Brilliant Display of Costumes by Those in Attendance.
The most elaborate social event of the season in fraternity circles was
the reception held last evening in the Armory Hall. Delegates are here
attending the National Convention of the Tri Delta sorosis. All the fra-
ternities of the college had been invited to the reception by the Epsilon
Chapter of Knox, and showed their appreciation of the courtesy extended
to them by their general attendance. The guests were received and most
heartily welcomed by the following committee of Tri Deltas :
Miss Greig, wearing yellow silk dress with lilies of the valley.
Miss Wylie, gray and white silk.
Miss Matteson, moon-on-the-lake silk.
Miss Eveleth, gray crepe with red roses.
Miss Berry, green brocade silk with pink roses.
Miss Leach, white satin.
The guests began to assemble shortly after 8 o'clock and soon the
company numbered one hundred and fifty rich and handsomely dressed
Besides the members of the different fraternities here there were,
present Mr. and Mrs. Parley Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. John Comstock,
Mr. and Mrs. S. C. Ayers, Dr. and Mrs. Aldrich, Mr. and Mrs. Ed
Parry, Mrs. George Perrin, Mrs. Asa Matteson, Mrs. Leroy Marsh, Mrs.
Alden Marsh, Mrs. Egan, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Matteson, Mr. and Mrs.
Frank Matteson, Dr. W. E. Simonds, Prof. Pratt, Miss Florence Lee,
Mr. Mack Tanner, of Chicago, Mr. Weir, of Cambridge.
After spending a time in getting acquainted and in conversation, a
short dance programme was announced, and those who are lovers of that
amusement found ample opportunity for enjoyment in the waltz and
other fancy steps of the dance. Frappe was served from one corner of
the hall. The music was furnished by the Ideal Orchestra of this city,
and was all that any one could wish, their playing delighting the entire
There was noticed in a prominent part of the hall a beautiful bou-
quet of roses tied with the Tri Delta colors, the gift of the Phi Delta
Theta boys of the college.
The dancing closed about 1 o'clock, and the guests prepared to leave
all congratulating the Tri Deltas for the royal treatment and general
good time they had made it possible for their friends to enjoy on that
long to be remembered occasion.
The delegates left this morning and there were a large number of the
Tri Deltas and other friends at the depot to bid the visiting delegates
SECOND NATIONAL CONVENTION.
The second National Convention of Delta Delta Delta as-
sembled in the Chapter rooms of Beta Chapter at St. Lawrence
University, Canton, N. Y., Oct. 18th, 1894. In the absence of
the Grand President, Grand Secretary Charlotte E. Joslin called
the meeting to order and organization was effected by electing
SECOND NATIONAL CONVENTION. 79
Charlotte E. Joslin, chairman, and Emily F. Allen, (Editor of
Trident) Secretary pro tern.
In addition to the usual convention work on Ritual, Consti-
tutions, song - book, jewelers, chapter reports, grand council, etc.,
under Chapter Extension, petitions were received from the Uni-
versity of Michigan and the University of Nebraska, and discus-
sions held on matters pending at Syracuse, Northwestern, Mid-
dlebury and Wesleyan Colleges.
The management of the Trident was continued and an ap-
portionment of its support placed on the Chapters. Alpha Alum-
nse Alliance reported the work accomplished and the strong ap-
proval df the convention given to this line of effort. Next con-
vention appointed with Theta, 1897.
Representation still not being full, an effort was made to
remedy this before the next Convention by an active member
tax to equalize Chapter delegate expenses. Grand Council work
remained as before a matter of personal sacrifice.
Alpha Clara Adams. Eta Mattie Spafford.
Alpha Alliance. ..Emily F. Allen. Theta Dr. Caroline Ed-
Beta Margaret Murray. gar.
Charlotte E. Joslin Grand Secretary
Emily F. Allen Editor of Trident
Beta Chapter and its ex-members.
Wednesday evening, Oct. 17, 1894 — Informal Reception.
Thursday evening, Oct. 18, 1894 — Reception (Haven House).
Friday evening, Oct. 19, 1894 — Banquet (all the college women).
(Serenaded by Beta Beta of K K T),
(See Trident, Vol. IV, No. 1).
Toast Mistress Mamie L. Baker, Beta.
College Life— Mattie Spafford, Eta.
The Trident — Emily F. Allen, Alpha Alliance.
The Fraternity Woman in the World — Charlotte E. Joslin, Alpha.
Stars and Crescent — Dr. Caroline Edgar, Theta.
Beta — Margaret Murray.
The second Convention was the first one to have a Conven-
80 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
tion picture taken. . Below is a list of names of Beta girls who
were not official delegates but were present at the sessions and
in the picture group :
Mamie Linda Baker. Carrie Louise Summer.
Bertha Clarine Jackson. Rhoda Emma Richardson.
Eva Augusta Hitchcock. Edith May Waite.
Annabel Amanda Hulburd.
THIRD NATIONAL CONVENTION.
The third Convention of Delta Delta Delta was held with
Theta Chapter, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, for Aug.
It met in the Medical Building, the Grand President, Dr.
Caroline Edgar, presiding. In addition to the routine work
taken up at former conventions, a uniform pledge pin was pro-
vided, the Installation Service for Convention use was put in the
hands of Emily F. Allen and the post-initiation lecture in the
hands of Sarah Ida Shaw Martin. The revised Constitution
was ordered printed. The Alumnse Alliance delegates were
given the right to vote, the delegates at large the rights of the
floor. The financial system was strengthened. Under Chap-
ter Extension, the petitions from the Universities of Arkansas
and Indiana were denied. Annual memorial services were insti-
tuted. The excellent management of the Trident was grate-
The invitation of Zeta for 1900 Convention was accepted.
The treasurer's report showed a deficit of but eight cents
for the past three years.
The Committee on Credentials reported every Chapter and
Alliance represented and five Grand Officers present.
Grand President Dr. Caroline Edgar, Theta
Grand Vice President Martha L. Eveleth, Alpha
Grand Secretary Charlotte E. Joslin, Alpha
Grand Com. Education Ida Shaw Martin, Alpha
Editor of Trident Emily F. Allen, Alpha
Alpha Addie B. Santom. Iota Lucille A. Shellev.
Beta Grace Y. Atwater. Kappa Ellen H. Frankish.
Bessie Leach, F.
ALMEDfA LaURSGN E.
Patsie Ingersoll, E.
Martha Eveleth, A. Hattie Berry, A.
Voting Delegates, First National Convention, Galesburg, III, 1393.
1907 Convention Snap Shots.
Grand Historian and Daughter
Three Southern Sisters
From Porto Rico
Sarah B. Hayei
After Convention (1907) House Parties.
FOURTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 81
Gamma Elizabeth Gibbs. Lambda. . .Lydia Sain.
Delta Maude M. Hoope. Nu Ivy Kellerman.
Epsilon Harriet E. Stone. Omicron. ..Daisy A. Boon.
Zeta Julia E. Closterman. Sigma. ... ..Isabelle Walbridge.
Eta Emily W. Lucia. Upsilon. . . Teresa Metcaif.
Theta.... ..Edna Crocker.
Alpha Grace Ayers. Chicago. . ..Edna Wolf Pearson.
Epsilon Lillian Emrich.
Gamma. . Jean V. Stearns. Lena Staat.
Delta Jessie Allen. May Stevenson.
Epsilon. . ..E. Loraine Gay. Zeta Agnes Powers.
Jessie B. Goddard. Nu Gertrude Nichol.
Lucile Hampton. Omicron . . . Evelyn Allen.
Marie Raymond. Upsilon. .. .Grace Clough.
Tuesday afternoon — Excursion to Lake Minnetonka.
Wednesday evening — Theta Reception to faculty and convention.
Thursday evening — Banquet (West Hotel).
Toastmistress Lela Klampe, Theta.
Speech of Welcome — May Plummer, Theta.
Response — Elizabeth Gibbs, Gamma.
Chapter Extension — Charlotte Joslin, Alpha.
Rushing — Ellen Frankish, Kappa.
The Goat — Evelyn Allen, Omicron.
Our Married Sisters — Grace Clough, Upsilon.
Our Brothers — Ivy Kellerman, Nu.
Recitation — Agnes Powers, Zeta.
(See Trident, Vol. VII, Nos. 1, 2 and 3.)
FOURTH NATIONAL CONVENTION.
The Fourth National Convention of Delta Delta Delta was
held with Zeta at the University of Cincinnati, June 26-29, 1900.
Besides the usual convention business perhaps the most rad-
ical measure was the abolition of the Province Convention Sys-
tem and the provision for Bi-ennial National Conventions.
Under Chapter Extension work, Iota was allowed to sur-
render her charter and the petition from Bucknell University
referred by Beta Province was denied.
The presentation of an Entertainment Fund to the enter-
taining chapter was begun. The list of Grand Officers with
allowed expense accounts increased. Upon Miss Allen's insis-
tence upon resigning her position, the management of the Tri~
82 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
dent and its Editorial Board was assigned Zeta. A public ap-
preciation of her nine years of labor was made. She turned
over to the new board a perfected and self-sustaining magazine
with a treasury balance of more than one hundred dollars.
The Alumnae Alliances here held first separated sessions at
a National Convention.
Iota Circle was established.
The invitation of Alpha for 1902 Convention was accepted.
Grand President Agnes Powers Dunning, Zeta
Grand Secretary Harriet Stone, Epsilon
Grand Treasurer Mary A. McKay, Sigma
Grand Historian Ida Shaw Martin, Alpha
Editor of Trident Emily F. Allen Alpha
Alpha Isabelle Leighton. Nu Lucy Hunt Pocock.
Beta Gertrude M. Robinson. Omicron. . . .Carolyn Spencer.
Gamma Mabelle Brierly. Sigma Charlotte Seabury.
Delta Mabel Brourink. Upsilon Mary Ferris.
Epsilon Elsa Ertel. Xi Elizabeth Tumbleson.
Zeta Grace Goodale. Iota Blanche Boyle.
Eta Madge McElroy. Kappa Lillian Thompson.
Theta Alice Olds. Lambda. .. .Harriet Kemp.
Mu Clara Stillman.
Epsilon Loraine Gay. Alpha Christine Jansson How-
Zeta Nell Fairweather. ard.
Chicago. ... Myrtle N. Stillwell. Gamma Bessie Leach Priddy.
Gamma Mabel Crum. Nu Edna Armstrong.
Epsilon Nelle T. Bassett. Nan Cannon.
Mabel Crocker. Blanche Skiles.
Blanche Stoll. Elizabeth Chase.
Theta Lillian Siegler. Josefa Thrall.
Lela M. Klampe. Zanta Skiles.
Iota Eva Hillman. Margaret Reeb.
Effie Dan forth. Fannie Rockwell.
Kappa Bertha DuTeil. Zeta Chapter.
Minnie Manahan. Zeta Alliance.
Tuesday evening, June 26 — Informal Reception.
Wednesday evening, June 27 — Private Theatricals.
Thursday evening, June 2r? — Pan-Hellenic Dance.
(Given by University Fraternity men, Hotel Alms.)
Friday evening, June 29— Banquet (Grand Hotel).
Saturday, June 30 — Trolley ride, Cincinnati to Fort Thomas, Ky.
FIFTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 83
Toastmistress Lucy M. Lambdin, Zeta Alliance.
Our New Sisters — Agnes Powers Dunning, Zeta.
Other Girls' Frats — Carolyn Spencer, Omicron.
Influence of Chapter House^Gertrude Robinson, Beta.
Convention Friendships — Lela Klampe, Theta.
Delta Delta Delta Literature — Mary Tucker, Zeta.
Delta Delta Delta Matrons — Christine Jansson Howard, Alpha Alliance.
Delta Conservatism — Elsa Ertel, Epsilon.
A Delta, Yesterday, To-day and Forever — Madge McElroy, Eta.
Presentation of Memorial to Emily F. Allen, Editor of Trident, 1891-1900.
(See Trident, Vol. IX, Nos. 3 and 4.)
FIFTH NATIONAL CONVENTION.
The Fifth National Convention of Delta Delta Delta met
with Alpha in the College Club Rooms, Boston, June 27- July 1,
An epitome of the history of the fraternity ordered to be
A resident Business Manager added to Trident staff.
Resolution concurring in the Inter-Sorority Conference
Work was done on flags, pennants and seals.
The time was fixed for Fifth Convention as 1904, but the
place was not determined.
Grand President Sara Bartlett Hayes, Alpha
Grand Secretary Elizabeth Tumbleson, Xi
Grand Treasurer Ivy Kellerman, Nu
Grand Historian i Lela M. Klampe, Theta
Editor of Trident Julia Closterman, Zeta
Alpha Edith M. Lovell. Lambda. .. .Edna M. Wharton.
Beta Bertha Wood. Mu Ethel Redfield.
Gamma. . ...Donrta Mae Harriman. Nu .Mima Weaver.
Delta Gertrude White. Xi Sara Johnson.
Epsilon. .. .Louise Fitch. Omicron. .. .E. Daisy Bowles.
Zeta Ida Davis. Pi Frances Carter.
Eta Delia Harding. Sigma Elizabeth Bagg.
Theta. . . . ..Ruth E. Babcock. Upsilon Amy Olgen.
Kappa ..... Eola Auld. ' v
Alpha Luella M. Eaton. Ann Arbor. .Nellie A. Brown.
Gamma. .. .Ella F. Tobias. Omicron .... Carolyn Spencer.
84 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Delta Hattie Berry Morley. Sigma Eleanor Newell.
Zeta Estella Riley. Theta Lela Klampe.
Eta Annie Sherburne.
UNOFFICIAL ALUMNAE DELEGATES.
Beta Gertrude Robinson. Kappa Daisy Bonnell.
Zeta Elizabeth Diserens. Mu Clara Stillman.
Mildred French. Omicron .... Clara Belle Johnson.
Grace Goodale. Pi ,Corinne Carter.
Grace Marshall. M. Louise Johnston.
Eta Emilv Lucia' Thayer. Sigma Charlotte Seabury.
UNOFFICIAL ACTIVE DELEGATES.
Beta Ethel Perkins. Mu Grace Dixon.
Epsilon. . . .Elizabeth Arnold. Xi Mary T. Abercrombie.
Julia Ferris. Nan McGregor.
Louise Holmes. Omicron. . ..Elizabeth Bond.
Zeta Cora Box. Alpha Chapter.
Florence French. Alpha Alliance.
Eta Ethel Chapman.
Kappa Ethel Bignell.
Wednesday, June 26 — Sight-seeing in Boston and Cambridge.
Wednesday evening, June 26 — Barn Dance (Arlington).
Thursday evening, June 27 — Formal Reception and Pan-Hellenic Dance.
Saturday, June 28 — Trip of 87 Tri Deltas to Lexington and Concord.
Monday, June 30 — Trip to Nantasket Beach.
Tuesday evening, July 1 — Banquet (Hotel Vendome).
Grand President, Sara Bartlett Hayes, introduced Toastmistress Ruth
"Our Stars brightly dancing, Behold us, advancing" — Edna Wharton.
Neptune's Emblem of Dominion — Julia Closterman, Zeta.
Tri Delta Stunts — Gertrude White, Delta.
California Pi(e) — Frances Carter, Pi.
A Goat — Just for a Kid — Sara L. Maistre Johnson, Xi.
Alliances— -Matrimonial vs. Fraternity — Bertha Wood, Beta.
The next Pan-Hellenic Convention — Mima Weaver, Nu.
Delta Delta Delta. Forever — Gertrude Stillman, Mu.
(97 plates were laid.)
(See Trident, Vol. XI, Nos. 3 and 4).
SIXTH NATIONAL CONVENTION.
The Sixth National Convention of Delta Delta Delta was
held with Epsilon Chapter, Whiting Hall, Knox College, Gales-
burg, Illinois, June 23-27, 1904.
Grand President Sara Bartlett Hayes was called away by
telegram almost immediately upon arrival. The Grand Vice
President of Gamma Province, Louise Robinson Rhodes, was
SIXTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 85
Besides the customary Convention and Inter-Sorority work,
a few new steps were taken. The office of Visiting Delegate
was created. Work on the eligibility of under-graduates of
different courses was taken up. Provision was made for a Cer-
tificate of Initiation. The scope of fraternity examinations was
extended, questions on other sororities being added. The his-
tory was ordered published in 1905 and every ten years there-
after. An Executive Committee was formed within the Grand
Petitions pending before the Grand Council from the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania, the University of Iowa and the Univer-
sity of Mississippi were submitted and granted. Several others
had been negatively disposed of before Convention.
Model Initiation Rites were conferred upon petitioner, Ola
Price, now of Chi, and petitioner Valborg Kastman of Phi, be-
fore the Convention.
The invitation of Omicron for 1906 was accepted.
Grand Vice President (Gamma Province) Louise R. Rhodes, Theta
Grand Secretary Elizabeth Tumbleson, Xi
Grand Treasurer Lucy O. Searle, Sigma
Alpha Annie T. Gilchrist. Mu Edith Johnson.
Beta Julia W. Preston. Nu Emilie Gorrell.
Gamma. .. .Alta Barker. Omicron. ...Lyla Johnston.
Delta Ina Robbins. Sigma Maude S. Newell.
Epsilon. . . .Irene Olson. Rho Annie F. Fisher.
Zeta Helen L. Stein. Tau Carrie McCaskie.
Eta Ethel W. Chapman. Pi Hazel McGraw.
Theta Isabelle Stene. Upsilon. . . ^.Margaret Palmer.
Kappa Katherine Lumry. Xi Helen Barbee.
Lambda. .. .Anna Hoch.
Alpha Ada A. Cole. Eta... Maud Merrihew.
Beta Alice Perkins. Theta Kate Bennett.
Gamma. .. .Jean (Stearns) Kimball. Omicron. .. .Clara (Johnson)
Delta Anna H. Perry. Champlin.
Epsilon. .. Janet (Greig) Post. Zeta M. Katherine Ratter-
Sigma Lucy Osborne Searle. man.
Gamma. .. .Louise Elizabeth York. Harriet Arnold.
Epsilon. .. .Florence Clarkson. Mary Shreeves.
Louise Holmes. Bertha Collins.
Gertrude Lescher. Alma Thompson.
HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Marian Vose. Kappa Alice Auld.
Gertrude Ferris. Jeannette Palmer.
Marie Seacord. Hazel Lauer.
Alice Lewis. Mabel Cox.
Clarissa Atwood.. Estella Morrison. . .
Edna Wells. Alma Vandeveer.
Ethel Conner. Lambda Ora Allen.
Theta. . . Belle Parker. Tau. Jessie McFarland.
Margaret Cawley. Upsilon Blanche Lawson.
Rena M. Handy.
Alpha. .....Sally M. Clough. Blanche (George)
Bertha Munster. Tunnicliff.
Gamma. .. .Mabel Crum. Jessica (Goddard)
Delta. .... .Estella Trueblood. Gustaijson.
Epsilon. . . .Almedia (Laurson) Lucile Hampton.
Wingert. Grace Hoffman.
Bertha H. Freedman. Lillian Lanphear.
Leonora Hedendahl. Nellie McCool.
Elsa Freedman. Mary (Wertman)
Harriette Wilcox. Stearns.
Florence George. Ora Wertman.
Harriet Swigert. Norma Wertman.
Fannie (Sisson) Everett. Opal Wolff.
Marie Raymond. Nelle Wolff.
Julia T. Terry. Bertha Wolff.
Pauline H. King. Louise Ferris.
Nina (Lahann) Arnold. Alta (Marsh) Phil-
lone Vose. lips.
Blanche D. Stoll. Elizabeth (McKin-
R. Louise Fitch. ney) Fulton.
Lillian McLaughlin. Blanche (McLaugh-
Edna Matthews. lin) Tunnicliff.
Martha (Barden) Cole. Genevieve (Perrin)
Nelle Bassett. Smith.
Mabel Baxter. Clara Plattenburg.
Georgia Beede. Maud Rawalt.
Evangeline Chowning. Ethel Rawalt.
Elizabeth H. Arnold. May (Roberts) King.
Maud (Clawson) -May Stevenson.
Hammond. Harriet Stone.
Mabel (Crocker) Dick- Gertrude Trask.
son. Theta Lillian Siegler.
Lillian Emrich. Mu Ethel lone Redfield.
Jessica (Freedman) Esther M. Newman.
Myers. Merle S. Pickford.
Lorairie (Gay) Mc- Theo B. Pickford.
Candless. Omicron .Edith L. Kinney.
Upsilon . Amy H. Olgen.
■■' Mary Ferris.
Tuesday evening, June 23 — Informal Reception, Galesburg Club Rooms.
Wednesday noon, June 24 — Picnic luncheon, Soangetaha Club House,
Lake Rice. ■•—.i.i - -'■■
Wednesday evening, June 24 — Initiation Rites.
Thursday noott, June 25— Pi Beta Phi Tea.
Thursday evening, June 25 — Reception and Dance (Lescher Hall).
SEVENTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 87
Friday evening, June 26 — Banquet (Central Church).
Saturday, June 27 — Tri Delta meeting at St. Louis Exposition.
Toastmistress Almedia (Laurson) Wingert, Epsilon.
Avant Mr. Knocker, or W!hy I am Optimist — Amy Olgen, Upsilon.
Resistance is Useless — Alice A. Auld, Kappa.
The Scholar Youthful — Annie Fisher, Rho.
The Green Mountain Girls — Ethel Chapman, Eta.
Our National Fraternity — Louise (Robinson) Rhodes, Theta.
Farewell Ye Greeks — Annie T. Gilchirst, Alpha.
(Trident. Vol. XIII, Nos. 3 and 4.)
The installation of newly elected officers present occurred just before
SEVENTH NATIONAL CONVENTION.
The Seventh National Convention of Delta Delta Delta was
"held with Omicron Chapter, Syracuse University, Syracuse,
N. Y., June 25-29, 1906. "
The regular opening session of the under-graduate section
occurred at 2 p. m., Tuesday, June 26, in Crouse College Chapel.
The Grand President, Elizabeth Tumbleson Leutscher, of Xi,
being unable to attend on account of her continued illness, the
Grand Vice-President of Alpha Province, Carolyn Spencer,
Omicron, presided over the Convention. A prayer by Lyla
Johnston, of Omicron, and a welcome by Mary Mott, Ex-Presi-
dent of Omicron, preceded the formal work of the session.
Greetings were exchanged by telegram with Chi Omega and
Pi Beta Phi, also in convention assembled.
Reports from Grand Officers, Alliance Officers, Visiting Del-
egate, and of the Delegate to Fifth Inter-Sorority Con-
ference were very complete and aroused unusual interest. The
Chapter reports were made on uniform blank forms and were
very satisfactory. Designs for flags and coat of arms were
adopted. Work was done on Cut, Certificate of Membership,
and Song Book Report. Also matters in regard to initiation
ceremonies, affiliation of transfers, dates of collecting dues and
eligibility of students in various special courses were considered
and decided. Uniform reports and uniform chapter record
books were ordered. Provisions were made for two examina-
tions during a student's college course. Plans for a Fraternity
Endowment Fund were formulated and adopted. Chapter en-
dowment plans were outlined. Stipulations were made for the
88 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
collecting and preserving of complete Trident files by each
chapter and also recommendations for the presentation to the
chapter of the badges of deceased members.
The publication of a private bulletin, (The Triton), the his-
tory of the fraternity, and a complete catalogue were ordered.
The Committee on Constitution was : Mary McKay, Sigma ;
Christine Jansson Howard, Alpha; Rena Handy, Upsilon. Both
the committee and the convention accomplished hard and im-
Among the important changes effected were: Radical
changes made in the method of granting charters, the creation
of a salary for the Editor-in-Chief of the Trident, and the ad-
dition of a tenth officer to the Grand Council — a Supervisor of
Grand Vice President (Alpha Province) Carolyn Spencer, '02.
Grand Vice President (Beta Province) Irene Olson, '05
Grand Secretary Amy H. Olgen, '04
Grand Treasurer „ Merle Pickford, '02
Grand Historian Bessie (Leach) Priddy, '91
Editor of Trident R. Louise Fitch, '02
OFFICIAL ACTIVE DELEGATES.
Alpha. . .Alice Hagarty. '07
Beta Helen A. Sawyer, '07.
Gamma.. Edna Swift, '07.
Delta May Pardee, '07.
Epsilon. .Eleanor McClure, '03.
Zeta Ina D. Walton, '08.
Theta. . ..Edna Gould, '07.
Eta Alice Fox, '09.
Kappa ... Fannie L. Graves, '07.
Lambda.. Stella McDaniel, '07.
Mu Grace Hobbins, '07.
Nu Adelia Scatterday, '07.
XL. Evelyn D. Kolbe, '08.
Omicron.. Margaret Pimm, '07.
Pi Alice Porterfield, '08.
Rho Elizabeth Tredwell, '07.
Sigma. . .Alice M. Bock, '07.
Tau Mary S. Weddle, '08.
Uosilon . . Rena Handy, '07.
Phi Sebena Frazier, '07.
Chi Roberta Fulton, '07.
Psi Hannah M. Blake, '06.
Alpha Xi.Mabel Martin, '07.
OFFICIAL ALLIANCE DELEGATES.
Alpha. . .Emily (Hall) Cook. '96.
Beta Josephine Delaney, '04.
Gamma. .Mary Morden.
Epsilon. .Lillian Lanphear, '03.
Zeta Lill Miller Stevens, '02.
Mu Theo Pickford, '03.
Omicron.. Bessie Stinard.
Rho Marian E. P. Ball, '03.
Sigma Mary A. McKay, '96.-
UNOFFICIAL ACTIVE DELEGATES.
Alpha. ..Alice B. Andrews, '08.
Helen S. Travis, '07.
Beta Wilhelmina Ackerman, '07.
Barbara Cramer, '08.
Margaret McGinnis, '09.
Gladys Millen, '07.
Grace Dean, '08.
SEVENTH NATIONAL CONVENTION.
Gamma . . Pepita Guarch, '09.
Epsilon. .Alice Lewis, '08.
Helen Mutch, '08.
Lucy Roberts, '08.
Alma Thompson, '07.
Marian Vose, '08.
Zeta Louise Bentley, '07.
Amy Ferns, '00.
Lucy Shaffer, '08.
Eta Gertrude Pollock, '09.
Mu Margaret Cawley, ^08.
Nu Loa Turney, '09.
Xi Mildred Hoge, '08.
Grace Guy, '08.
Omicron.. Alice Beaman, '08.
Frances Bentley, '08.
Anna Darrohn, '07.
Clara Darrohn, '07.
Georgiana Drake, '07.
Edith Hannahs, '08.
Ida Heinmiller, '08.
Bertha Reynolds, '09.
Jane Sweeting, '09.
Lucy Woodburn, '09.
Clara Moore, '06.
Bessie Stallwood, '06.
Agnes Kingsley, '06.
Clara Mitchell, '06.
Marian Waite, '06.
Winifred Reynolds, 06.
Bessie Ash, '06.
Anna Otto, '09.
Ethel Madden, '09.
Alice Keyes, '08.
Grace Neal, '08.
Lela Mills, '06.
Lyla Johnston, '07.
Minnie Tanner, '06.
Alice Hitchcock, '06.
Mary Mott, '07.
Pi Julia Damon, '09.
Upsilon. .Helen Bragg, '09.
Edith Cassady, '07.
Irmagarde B. Leach, '06.
UNOFFICIAL ALUMNAE DELEGATES.
Alpha. ... Anjanette Atwood, '98.
Ada A. Cole, '99.
Sara (Bartlett) Hayes, '96.
Christine (Jansson) How-
Dr. Eleanor (Pond)
Beta Irene (Lewis) Bedell.
Bessie Hart, '06.
Edna Heckles, '03.
Sarah E. Hulett, '06.
Abbie C. Hurley. '91.
Ethel E. Peck, '06.
Julia Preston, '05.
Esther Spencer, '05.
Lena Wallace, '05.
Bertha E. Wood, '03.
Fanny L. Atwater, '06.
Gamma. .Beulah Gregory, '05.
Elizabeth Robinson, '04.
Epsilon. .Harriet Arnold.
Zeta Agnes Andrews, '03.
Ellen Andrews, '05.
Florence French, '01.
Grace Goodale, '03.
Bessie (dollar) King, '99.
Helen Stein, '05.
Edna Walton, '04.
Theta.... Clara L. Wilbur, '99.
Kappa... E. Winnifred Chadwick.
Lambda.. Blanche Imboden.
Dora (Markham) Clark, '96
Mu Winifred Ferrenkamp, '05.
Daisy Heller, '04.
Xi Lida V. Kirk, '99.
Nan MacGregor, '06.
Estelle (Roehle) Byrne, '00.
Omicron.. Patty N. Braley, '99.
Emma D. Dean, '02.
Luella Delano, '03.
Alma Gilbert, '05.
Marian Greene, '05.
Anna J. Hollis, '97.
Mary Holzwarth, '05.
Edith Kinney, '01.
Mollie Stiles, '06.
Maud Wilson, '06.
Elizabeth Bond, '04.
Adelaide Wheeler, '04.
Jessie Worden, '03.
Jennie Brown, '04.
Minnie Crofut, '04.
Lola March, '07.
Bertha (Gibbons) Traver
Meride MacKenzie. '02.
Floy Whitney, '01.
Mrs. P. O. Place.
Alyda Updyke, '01.
Lucretia Seymour, '01.
Alberta Perry, '99.
Mrs. Frank Holzworth.
Frances M. Davis, '04.
Vera Beaman, '02.
Ethel K. Benedict, '02.
Millie Dicks, '02.
90 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Helena Johnston, '04. Rho. Edith A. Granger, '04.
Maude Southworth, '02. Mildred B. Farmer, '05.
Meta P. Maybee. '03. Sigma. ..Grace E. Bacon, '05.
Stella Walrath, '03. Tau Emily Ebling, '03.
Viva Baker, '05. Ida Luchsinger, '03.
Nana Y. Woodruff. Ruth Shorkley, '04.
Cora Fosbinder. Phi Zoe Frazier, '06.
Jessie Hood, '03. Valborg Kastman, '04.
Maud Smith, '04.
Alpha Xi.Laura Glancy, '04.
Total attendance reported by Credential Committee — 175.
Tuesday evening, June 26 — Informal Reception and Model Initiation,
Crouse College Chapel.
Wednesday evening, June 27 — Formal Reception, residence of Mr. and
Thursday evening, June 28 — Dance, Club House. Trolley rides around
Friday evening, June 29 — Banquet, Hotel Yates.
Toastmistress — Meride MacKenzie, Omicron, '02.
"It was Dean Swift who ignored the bill of fare, and called for a bill
of the company." — Willis.
The City of Our Birth— Merle Pickford, Mu, '02.
"Boston — not so much of a place as a state of Mind." — Anon.
Our Founder — Grace Dean, Beta, '08.
"Build me straight, O worthy master!
Staunch and strong, a goodly vessel,
That shall laugh at all disaster
And with wave and whirlwind wrestle." — Longfellow.
Westward Ho!— Alice Porterfield, Pi, '08.
"Whispered to it ! Westward ! Westward !
And with speed it darted forward." — Longfellow.
Our Place in the Greek World — Amy Olgen, Upsilon, '04.
"And ship to ship made signals." — Whittier.
Our Brother-in-law — Ina Walton, Zeta, '07.
"I can blow you strong, my brother." — Longfellow.
Looking Forward — Laura Glancy, Alpha Xi, '06.
"Sail on, sail on, deep freighted
With blessings and with hopes." — Whittier.
A number not on this printed program was perhaps the
event of the evening, a short address by Dr. Eleanor (Pond)
Mann, '89, Boston University, one of the two seniors most prom-
inent as founders of Tri Delta. Her interest and enthusiasm
the years have but increased, as she evidenced by her presence
and 'her words. The informality of college and fraternity songs
and calls was a most enjoyable close to the brilliant scene.
After the banquet on Friday evening at the Hotel Yates oq-
curred the last official act of the Seventh National Convention of
SEVENTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 91
Delta Delta Delta, the formal installation of the newly elected
Grand officers present by presiding officer, Carolyn M. Spencer.
Grand President — Amy H. Olgen.
Grand Vice President, Alpha Province — Christine (Jans-
Grand Secretary — Marion E. P. Ball.
Grand Treasurer — Merle Pickford.
Grand Historian — Bessie (Leach) Priddy.
Editor of Trident — R. Louise Fitch.
Eighth National Convention called for 1908.
These Conventions have not only increased in size and vol-
ume of business transacted and brilliancy of social functions, but
they have been a large formative force in the systematizing and
the forming of working policies.
Each convention has also been an education to every Chapter
and an especial advantage to the entertaining Chapter, as evi-
denced without exception in that Chapter's post convention de-
The decorations in honor of these conventions have been
features pleasant to remember. The convention halls have been
gay with flags and banners of the various colleges and Chapters,
while remembrances by flower, letter and telegram 'from other
fraternities have made the day sessions pleasant. At the social
events, the green of the palms, the brilliancy and odor of count-
less tropical blooms and the emblazonment everywhere of gold,
silver and blue amid hundreds of incandescent lights that threw
their radiance over girls fair of feature and dainty of gown, have
left in memory's picture a vision of youth and beauty.
At Cincinnati, the citizens everywhere seemed to know of
the Convention and hardly a window in the town but had beau-
tiful figures or emblems in which the colors of Delta Delta Delta
predominated or reproduced by various conceits of fancy or skill
the tokens and emblems. Here, too, the banquet hall was large
enough for the hundred guests to be seated at a triangular ban-
quet table. At both the convention balls' of 1900 and 1904 im-
mense groupings of incandescent lights in the form of the Stars
and Crescent gave forth a dazzling brilliancy. Boston, Gales-
burg and Syracuse also repeated messages of "Welcome" with
banner, colors and light.
In memory, these scenes are lived full oft again, "full of
92 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
youth of spirit, with the benediction of the last song lingering
in the air."
National Alumnae Alliance Sessions
The First Alumnae Alliance Session was called to meet at
the same date and place as the Second Beta Province Conven-
tion, Galesburg, 111., Sept. 6-8, 1898.
Alpha Alliance Bertha Bartlett
Chicago Alliance Martha (Barden) Cole
Gamma Alliance Katherine (Spahr) Hull
Epsilon Alliance Alta (Marsh) Phillips
Zeta Alliance Lucy Lambdin
All Alliances in existence at this time, excepting Sigma,
were represented. The alliance ritual and by-laws received the
most of the work.
It was voted that the Grand Officers of the fraternity be
also the Grand Officers of the Alliance Section.
It was voted to allow membership to ex-members of college
Chapters after the year of their class graduation.
The Second Alumnae Alliance Session was called for 1900,
with the Fourth National Convention.
Second Alumnae Alliance Session held on Tuesday, June 26,
1900, in the Auditorium of the Grand Hotel, Cincinnati, O.
All Alliances excepting Sigma and Lambda represented.
Reports of Alliances were given. Committees on Ritual Con-
stitution work reported and their work was accepted.
The remainder of the work was advisory to general conven-
Third Alumnae Alliance Session held in College Club Rooms,
Boston, Mass., Thursday, June 26, 1902. Delegates from nine
Alliances reported to roll call, all but Epsilon being represented.
Besides the usual work, the Circle Degree was conferred up-
on seven candidates representing five Chapters, that they might
begin the organization of new Alliances. An Alliance committee
drew up suggestions for the improvement of the Trident.
Fourth Alumnae Alliance Session held at Galesburg, 111.,
Wednesday, June 23, 1904. Ten Alliances were represented.
The work of the advisory committee was enlarged and the
PROVINCE CONVENTIONS. 93
usual routine work accomplished. The matter of more Alliances
was thoroughly investigated. ,
The Fifth Alumnae Alliance Session was held at Syracuse,
N. Y., on Tuesday, June 26, 1906, at 9 :30 a. m., in Crouse Col-
lege Chapel. Nine Alliances were officially represented and
Alumnae and ex-members were in attendance from sixteen dif-
The principal matters passed upon were the advisability of
an Alliance officer on the Grand Council, the attitude of Alliances
on Chapter extension questions, and the elaboration of the Circle
Degree Ritual. Under the Model Initiation service, the Third
Degree was conferred upon twelve candidates, ten of these being
'06 members of Omicron Chapter. The desired provision for a
tenth Grand Officer, a Supervisor of Alliances was later unani-
mously made by the Convention body.
N. B. — [The presiding officers of the Alliance sessions are always the
same as those of the general Convention and its official delegates are those
given in Convention Representation as Official Alumnae. The Alliance
Session has no power to enact laws but simply to confer and deliberate,
presenting its idea for the consideration of the full Convention in form of
recommendations. — B. L. P.]
Under the system of government for 1894 to 1900, Prov-
ince Conventions were held in each Province in every year not
having a National Convention.
These were found to be delightful socially, productive of
much fraternity zeal and enthusiasm, and invaluable in getting
the Chapters acquainted, but as they consumed much of time, en-
ergy and money, and as the growth of the general fraternity de-
manded more frequent conventions with full legislative power,
the system was abandoned after 1900.
Those held were really miniatures of the National Conven-
tions and had fine representation and enjoyable social events.
The Grand Vice Presidents of those Provinces in session
were ex-officio the presiding officers of these conventions. Active
and Alumnae members of the Chapters entertaining produced an
average working body of thirty to forty members and these un-
official delegates had all the rights of the floor but voting.
In all of these Province Conventions matters of interest to
the locality were considered, plans for Trident and General
94 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Conventions discussed, petitions for charters received and inves-
tigated and literary programs held, where specially prepared
papers on topics of fraternity interest were given from each
A- reception opened each of them and some formal party or
banquet closed them. Minor social events and sight seeing in
the various college towns, also many evidences of courtesy from
the various chapters of other fraternities are recorded in all of
First Alpha Province Convention with Alpha, Boston, Mass.,
Oct. 30-Nov. 1, 1895.
Alpha Emily Hall. Eta Mattie Spafford.
Elizabeth Upham. Adele Lee.
Beta Caroline Sumner. Sigma Elizabeth Rogers.
Minnie C. Jackson. Isabelle Walbridge.
Ella Daniels of Alpha, presided.
Minnie C. Jackson of Beta, was Secretary.
Second Alpha Province Convention with Beta, Canton, N.
Y., Nov. 27-29, 1898.
Alpha Annie B. Carnes. Sigma Laura Bohlman.
Beta One member. Omicron. . ..Ruth Ward.
Eta Mary Paddock.
Annie Laurie Sherburne, Grand Vice President.
Third Alpha Province Convention with Eta, Burlington, Vt.,
Nov. 29-Dec. 1, 1899.
Alpha Carrie Mason. Sigma Mabelle W. Barnes.
Beta Kate L. Sudds. Omicron. .. .Maud E. Southworth.
Eta Mary W. Harrison. Clara B. Johnson.
Annie Laurie Sherburne, Grand Vice President.
First Beta Province Convention with Iota, Ann Arbor,
Mich., Oct. 31, 1895.
Gamma. . . .Ella Floy Tobias. Iota Zena Thompson.
Katherine Spahr. Helen Kempf.
Zeta No delegate.
The President of Iota, Almarene Orsborne, presided.
Ella Floy Tobias, Gamma, was Secretary.
PROVINCE CONVENTIONS. 95
Second Beta Province Convention with Epsilon, Galesburg,
111., Sept. 6-8, 1898.
Gamma Bertha Lambert. Mu Gertrude Stillman.
Epsilon Marie Raymond. Nu Josqfa Thrall.
Zeta Adele Bentley. Upsilon Bessie Baker.
Grand President Agnes Powers Dunning
Grand Secretary Harriet E. Stone
All Alliances in this Province were also represented.
Contemporaneous with this Province convention, was held
the First National Alumnae Alliance Session, and the Alliance
representation will be found under that heading. All Alliances
then in existence were represented excepting Sigma.
Third Beta Province Convention with Gamma, Adrian,
Gamma Edith Nash. Epsilon May Stevenson.
Iota Gertrude Haun. Zeta Edna Cunningham.
Mary Goodrich Field. Nu Ethel Herrick.
Elizabeth Boulsom. Mu Clara Pfisterer.
Nellie Brown.. Gamma Alliance. Julia (Myers)
Blanche Boyle. Dewey.
Grand Vice President, Elizabeth (Gibbs) Palmer.
Fourth Convention of Beta Province held with Upsilon,
Northwestern University, Dec. 8-9, 1905.
Mu Rowena Whittier. Chi Loulie May Johnson.
Nu. .Hazel Swann. Upsilon Zeta Massey.
Epsilon. . . . Ethel Conner. Gamma No representative.
Retiring Grand Vice President, R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon, Chairman.
Grand Secretary, Amy H. Olgen, Upsilon, elected Secretary.
This Fourth Convention of Beta Province was peculiar in
two ways. It was held voluntarily by the Province itself, show-
ing commendable zeal and enthusiasm. It was also, being called
unofficially after an interim of seven years, an index to a quite
prevalent feeling in the sorority that the abandoned idea of Prov-
ince conventions had been a desirable feature.
Its work was of course unofficial but very helpful to the
fraternity and to the Seventh National Convention. Inter- Sor-
ority Conference work and Pan-Hellenism, Finance, Extension,
96 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Expulsion of Members, Withdrawal of charters, Rushing, Initia-
tions and Chapter Meetings were the topics considered.
The following unofficial delegates were present beside the
active and alumnae members of Upsilon.
Epsilon Alma Thompson. Nelle Wolff Morse.
Harriet Arnold. Mu Anna Middleton.
Norma Wertman. Lyda Middleton.
Irene Olson. Frances Johnson.
Ethel Andrews. Lambda Zola Swann.
First Gamma Province Convention with Delta, Indianola,
la., Nov. 22, 1895.
Eosilon. . . .Bess Wolf. Lambda Ethel Cavaness.
Theta Lilian Siegler. Upsilon Elsie Chandler.
Kappa Daisy Bonnell. Delta Junia Todd.
Lilian Siegler of Theta, presided.
Junia Todd, of Delta, was Secretary.
Second Gamma Province Convention with Kappa Chapter,
Lincoln, Nebraska, Aug. 30-Sept. 1, 1898.
Delta Lambda Dora C. Markham.
Theta Lillian Hunsicker.
Kappa Daisy Bonnell. Zola Swan.
Dora C. Markham, Lambda, Grand Vice President.
Third Gamma Province Convention with Lambda, Baldwin,
Kan., Nov. 29, 1899.
Delta Estella Trueblood. Kappa Winifred Bonnell.
Theta Edith Patch. Daisy Bonnell.
Lambda Harriet Kemp.
Dora C. Markham, Lambda, Grand Vice President.
Harriet Kemp, Lambda, Secretary.
The history of Pan-Hellenism in the Greek letter world may
be written in very small space, and strangely enough, notwith-
standing the prevailing impression about the ability of women to
work in harmony, by far the greater part of Pan-Hellenic history
must be written from the feminine view point.
Beta Theta Pi was the first fraternity to take steps toward
the formation of a Pan-Hellenic Council and in 1881 adopted a
resolution that caused an agitation of the question in several of
the journals of the leading men's fraternities. Notwithstanding
violent opposition in many quarters, the editors of the Beta
Theta Pi issued circulars Jan. 13, 1883, proposing a conference,
"a purely informal meeting." That inveterate fraternity worker
and eminent authority on fraternity history, Walter B. Palmer,
whom those who were fortunate enough to have attended the
World's Fair Pan-Hellenic Congress will remember to have
heard and met, says in his History of Phi Delta Theta : "At the
Colonnade Hotel, Philadelphia, Pa., February 22, 1883, a meet-
ing was held by 21 representatives of thirteen fraternities
(A T O, B © n, A K E, $ T A, * A 0, 3> K *, 2 X, Z *,
A T A, A $, $ K 2, * Y, and 2 A E), and 21 other frater-
nity men (present as unofficial representatives). It was decided
that there should be a 'Pan-Hellenic Conference at New York,
July 4, 1884, provided ten fraternities should by Jan. 1, signify
their intention of participating.' Those present who were editors
of fraternity journals formed the 'Inter-Fraternity Press Asso-
ciation.' This meeting at Philadelphia was the first general in-
ter-fraternity meeting ever held. The Pan-Hellenic Conference
never materialized, and the Inter-Fraternity Press Association
did not meet again." He gives a brief outline of the World's
Fair Pan-Hellenic Movement, in 1893, which, by the way, was
the first joint Pan-Hellenic Conference of Men's and Women's
Fraternities. Then later he says, "November 18, 1895, was set
98 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
apart as Fraternity Day, at the Cotton States and Inter-national
Exposition, Atlanta, Ga. About three hundred Greeks met in
the Auditorium Building, where W. W. Da vies (<£ A ®), Chair-
man of the Executive Committee, called them to order. The
American Hellenic Society was formed, though its objects were
not definitely expressed. It was decided that the society should
be represented at the Olympic Games, to be held at Athens,
Greece, April, 1896, and there was talk of offering a laurel
wreath to one of the victors, but these plans were not carried
As the women's fraternities were not a party to this Ameri-
can Pan-Hellenic Society, then formed, and as no reports of its
work have been given to the press, definite information of its
subsequent proceedings can not be here given, but it is safe to
state that no one has met anywhere, at any time, any athletes
running at large, crowned with the above mentioned laurel
William Raymond Baird (B © n) in his Manual of Ameri-
can College Fraternities, recites under "Pan-Hellenism," the
first two of the above attempts, then enumerates the advantages
that might be gained by a general Pan-Hellenic organization and
the difficulties that confront attempts in that direction. The his-
tory of this movement among women's fraternities he both de-
scribes and dismisses with the following sentence : "The women's
societies have effected an organization which has held several
meetings and seems to possess some elements of permanence.''
Thus it has been left for Delta Delta Delta, it would seem.
to collect, compile and for the first time to publish a brief record
of a Pan-Hellenic movement among the Greek Letter Societies
of American College women, which began in 1891 with the First
Woman's Pan-Hellenic Convention, received an impetus from
the World's Fair Pan-Hellenic Congress (1893) and was offi-
cially revived in 1902, as the First Inter-Sorority Conference.
Since that date, annual sessions have been held, the reports of
the Fifth, 1906, recording an increasing scope, authority and in-
terest in these sessions.
Woman's First Pan-Hellenic Convention.
The first Pan-Hellenic Convention of Woman's Fraterni-
. INTER-SORORITY EVENTS. 99
ties was called by Kappa Kappa Gamma to meet with her Boston
University Chapter, April 15-17, 1891.
Lucy Evelyn Wight (K K r), was elected presiding officer
and Emma Harper Turner (II B <£) secretary. Six sororities
were represented by three delegates each. Delta Delta Delta
was represented by Blanche Seaver, of Alpha, Bessie M. Leach,
of Gamma, and Edith Noon, of Delta.
Committees on Inter-Fraternity Courtesy, Fraternity Jewel-
ry and Stationery, World's Fair, Greek Journalism, and Inter-
Chapter Courtesy were appointed, their reports discussed and
adopted as amended. These adopted reports formed the recom-
mendations of this Convention and as no provision had been
made for any resolution to be binding upon the bodies represent-
ed, the whole work effected was little more than paving the way
for the Inter- Sorority Conferences which have followed after an
interim of more than ten years.
The Woman's Pan-Hellenic Committee for the World's
Fair was finally merged for work in the joint committee of the
Men's and Women's Fraternities, known as "The Columbian
Exposition Committee on Pan-Hellenism of the American Greek
Letter College Fraternities," of which Richard Lee Fearn
(B n) was chairman.
A standing committee on Pan-Hellenism was appointed :
Austiana E. Taylor — Alpha Phi.
Bertha Reed — Delta Gamma.
Bessie M. Leach — Delta Delta Delta.
Margaret Smith — Kappa Alphi Theta.
Lucy E. Wight — Kappa Kap-ia Gamma.
Emma Harper Turner — Pi Beta Phi.
This committee did little work after 1894. Many pretty
social events characterized this convention.
(See Trident, Vol. I, No. 1).
World's Fair Pan-Hellenic Movements
The Columbian Exposition Committee on Pan-Hellenism
held four or five meetings in the Grand Pacific Hotel, Chicago,
and an attempt was made for an exhibit of the American College
Greek Letter Fraternities in a space thought to be secured but
the plan did not materialize. A Fraternity Congress was how-
(See Trident, Vol. II, -No. 2).
100 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
The American Greek Letter College Fraternity Congress of
the World's Fair Congresses was held in the hall of Columbus,
in the Art Palace, Lake Front, Chicago, July 19-20, 1893.
Delta Delta Delta was represented by Charlotte E. Joslin,
Margaret Emerson, Grace Ayres and Grace Gallison, of Alpha,
and Bessie M. Leach, of Gamma.
Richard Lee Fearn, B n, was presiding officer.
The paper assigned Delta Delta Delta was "Social and Po-
litical Life in Universities and Colleges" and was presented by
Bessie M. Leach, Gamma.
Wednesday morning the program was given by the Men's
Fraternities, Wednesday afternoon by the Greek Journalists, and
Thursday morning by the seven Women's Fraternities repres-
Thursday afternoon, at two o'clock, occurred "The Frater-
nity and Sorority Reception" in the New York State Building,
and here Tri-Delta ranks were swelled by finding four girls from
Epsilon and one from Zeta. One hundred plates were laid for
Greek Letter Fraternity officers, committee members, speakers
and journalists at a banquet in the evening.
(See Trident, Vol. Ill, Nos. 1 and 2).
First Inter-Sorority Conference
The first Inter-Sorority Conference was called by Alpha Phi
for May 24, 1902, and was held in the Memorial Building, Chi-
Kappa Alpha Theta Mrs. Laura H. Norton.
Kappa Kappa Gamma Mrs. Margaret Jean Patterson.
Gamma Phi Beta Miss Lillian Thompson.
Pi Beta Phi Miss Elizabeth Gamble.
Delta Gamma Miss Nina F. Howard.
Delta Delta Delta Miss Ivy Kellerman (Nu).
Alpha Phi Miss Minnie Ruth Terry.
Mrs. Norton (K A ©) was elected chairman and Miss Terry
(A $) secretary.
A set of six motions to be used in framing by-laws for a
permanent organization was adopted and three "sentiments on
rushing, pledge day and lifting" recorded by unanimous vote.
INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCES. 101
Provisions were made for annual conferences to be called by
the sororities in rotation.
(See Trident, Vol. XI, No. 4).
Second Inter-Sorority Conference
The Second Inter- Sorority Conference met with Gamma
Phi Beta in St. Louis, Sept. 1903.
Pi Beta Phi Elizabeth Gamble.
Kappa Kappa Gamma Miss Virginia Sinclair.
Kappa Alpha Theta Mrs. Laura H. Norton.
Delta Delta Delta Miss Alma S. Fick (Zeta).
Alpha Phi Miss Minnie Ruth Terry.
Chi Omega Miss May Miller.
Delta Gamma Miss Blanche Garten.
Alpha Chi Omega Miss Mabel Siller.
Gamma Phi Beta Lillian W. Thompson.
Mrs. Laura H. Norton, K A 9, Chairman.
Lillian W. Thompson, T <i> B, Secretary.
Reports on motions : 1. Pledge Day ; 2. Fixing the Date
of Pledge Day; 3. Pan-Hellenic Associations; 4. Pledging be-
fore Matriculation, were heard and motions 3 and 4 carried.
Motions 1 and 2 had so large a vote that they were again submit-
Reports from each sorority were called for on Pan-Hellenic
Associations in their colleges.
Delta Delta Delta presented a very creditable report on the
Pan-Hellenic Association at the Baltimore Woman's College,
through Sara L. M. Johnson (Xi).
(See Trident, Vol. XII, No. 2; Vol. XIII, No. 3.)
Third Inter-Sorority Conference
The Third Inter-Sorority Conference was called by Delta
Gamma, Sept. 16-17, 1904, at Chicago.
Sept. 1G, Session — Columbus Safety Deposit Vaults.
Sept. 17, Session — Victoria Hotel.
Pi Beta Phi Miss Elizabeth Gamble.
Kappa Alpha Theta Mrs. Laura H. Norton.
Kappa Kappa Gamma ..Mrs. E. Jean Nelson Penfield.
102 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Delta Gamma Miss Grace Telling.
Alpha Phi Miss Minnie Ruth Terry.
Gamma Phi Beta Miss Lillian W. Thompson.
Alpha Chi Omega (No Delegate).
Delta Delta Delta Miss Amy H. Olgen (Upsilon).
Alpha Xi Delta Mrs. T. C. Kimble.
Chi Omega Miss Bessie Kfape.
The above rotation order was arranged and Miss Grace
Telling (A T) made chairman, and Miss Amy H. Olgen
Arrangements were made for official organization by rota-
Motions 1 and 2 having again failed to pass were re-submit-
The report of Mrs. E. Jean Nelson Penfield (K K r) Chair-
man Social Service Committee, which had been submitted
to their Seventeenth Convention, was called for here, read and
The Conference then adopted three motions as a foundation
for "Inter-Sorority Social Service Work in our Educational In-
stitutions" and elected a standing committee to have this work
This third Conference issued printed reports, a Sorority
Table and the Committee on Social Customs has printed a very
(See Trident, Vol. XIV, No. 1).
Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference
The Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference was called by Delta
Delta Delta, in Chicago, at the Victoria Hotel, Sept. 15-16, 1905.
Kappa Alpha Theta Mrs. Laura H. Norton.
Delta Gamma Miss Elizabeth Williams.
Kappa Kappa Gamma Miss Cleora C. Wheeler.
Pi Beta Phi Miss Elizabeth Gamble.
Alpha Phi Mrs. Wm. Forsyth.
Gamma Phi Beta Miss Lillian W. Thompson.
Alpha Chi Omega Mrs. Richard Tennant.
Delta Delta Delta Miss Amy H. Olgen '(Upsilon).
Alpha Xi Delta Mrs. Robert Leib.
Chi Omega Mrs. A. H. Purdue.
Alpha Omicron Pi Miss Jeanette Wicks.
Miss Amy H. Olgen, AAA, Chairman.
Mrs. Robert Leib, ASA, Secretary.
INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCES. 103
Motion 1 and 2 were reported carried.
Petitions were received from five sororities seeking admis-
sion to the Conference but none were granted on account of the
adoption of the following regulations :
1. No Sorority with less than five chapters shall be admit-
2. No Sorority with a Chapter in a school below collegiate
rank shall be admitted.
A constitution was presented and it was moved to submit the
same to the Grand President of each sorority. Discussions on
rules of bidding, rushing and the breaking of the same followed,
and then the printed reports of the Social Service Committee
were taken up and an additional one made on the co-operation to
be expected from the men's fraternities in this work.
Four resolutions on this work were adopted.
Reports of Pan-Hellenic Associations were given.
Printed reports of the Fourth Conference have also been
(See Trident, Vol. XV, No. 1).
Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference
The Fifth Inter- Sorority Conference was called by Alpha
Xi Delta at the Victoria Hotel, Chicago, Friday afternoon, Sep-
tember 14, 1906.
Kappa Alpha Theta — Mrs. Laura H. Norton, 2541 N. Paulina St., Chicago.
Pi Beta Phi— Miss Elizabeth Gamble, 565 Cass Ave., Detroit.
Kappa Kappa Gamma — Miss George Challoner, 456 New York Ave , Osh-
Delta Gamma — Miss Margaret Sheppard, 225 Greenwood Blvd., Evanston,
Alpha Phi - Mrs. J. H. McElrov, 153 E. 54th St., Chicago.
Gamma Phi Beta— Miss Lillian W. Thompson, 326 W. 61st Place, Chicago.
Alpha Chi Omega — Mrs. Richard Tennant, 824 S. 5th St., Terre Haute,
Chi Omega — Miss Jobelle Holcombe, Carnall Hall, Favetteville, Ark.
r>clta Delta Delta — Mrs. Amy Olgen Parmelee, 918 Chase Ave., Chicago.
Siema Kappa— Mrs. G. A. Marsh. 1219 Washington St., Hoboken, N. J.
Aloha Omicron Pi — Mrs. Clifford BigeW, 396 S. 41 Ave., Chicago.
Alpha XI Delta— Mrs. Robt. Leib, 1271 Washington St., Springfield, 111.
Mrs. Robert Leib, A S A, Chairman.
Miss Jobelle Holcombe, X O, Secretary.
The wide distribution of and interest in the printed reports
104 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
of the Fourth Conference were reported. During the year the
secretary reported that work had been done on the Woman's So-
cial Service League. The report of the Fourth Inter-Sorority
Conference delegates, who had been invited to convene and con-
fer with the Conference of the Deans of Women in the State In-
stitutions held in December, 1905, in Chicago, was taken up.
A petition for investigation of local conditions at Wisconsin
University, (Madison), from the Pan-Hellenic Association there
had been received and granted.
Reports were then read from each sorority represented.
Mrs. Tennant, of Alpha Chi Omega, was appointed a committee
of one to correspond with the visiting delegates of the various
The report of the representative committee sent to Madison,
Wis., was given by Mrs. Amy Olgen Parmelee (A A A) and the
requests of that local Pan-Hellenic Association and those com-
ing from other schools were then received and passed upon.
It was moved and carried that sororities in High Schools
and other secondary schools should be discountenanced, and it was
recommended that after four years from date of notification by
Grand Presidents, each sorority in the Inter- Sorority Conference
refuse to admit any young woman who has been a member of a
sorority in a High School or secondary school.
CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS.
A model Constitution was drafted and again presented to
the Grand Presidents of the various sororities for consideration
before the next conference. The former Constitution submit-
ted had been unconditionally approved by all but two soror
A model Constitution for local Pan-Hellenic association was
adopted and ordered printed for distribution as follows:
The name of this organization shall be the Pan-Hellenic Association
This Pan-Hellenic shall :
1. Fix the date of pledge day.
2. Regulate the rules for rushing.
CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 105
3. Regulate, other matters of inter-sorority interest in this college
presented to it for consideration.
4. Co-operate with the college authorities and all college organiza-
tions in questions of general college interest.
ARTICLE III. — Organisation.
This Pan-Hellenic shall be composed of one active and one alumnae
member from each Chapter of the National Sororities represented in the
institution and from such locals as they may see fit to admit.
ARTICLE IV.— OiEccrs.
Section 1. The officers of this Pan-Hellenic shall be : President,
Secretary and Treasurer.
Sec. 2. The officers shall serve for one year, dating from the first
meeting of the Pan-Hellenic after the Christmas holidays.
Sec. 3. The office of President shall be held in rotation by the
chapters, in the order of their establishment as Nationals in the College;
the locals to hold office after the Nationals in the order of their organiza-
tion. A local becoming National shall take its place among the Nationals
according to the date of its installation as a National.
Sec. 4. The Secretary shall be chosen from the chapter which is to
have the presidency the following year.
Sec. 5. The duties of the officers shall be those usually devolving
upon such officers.
ARTICLE V.— Voting.
A unanimous vote shall be necessary to fix the date for pledge day
and to make rules regulating rushing.
ARTICLE VI. — Amendments.
This Constitution can be amended by the unanimous vote of the
1. The date of pledge day shall be the
II. It shall be considered dishonorable for a fraternitv member,
active or alumnae, to speak disparagingly of another fraternity or of one
of its members to a rushee.
III. The Constitution and By-Laws of this Pan-Hellenic shall be
printed not later than May 1st of each year, and five (5) copies of the
same shall be sent by each chapter to its Grand President.
IV. These By-Laws may be amended by the unanimous vote of the
Besides the model constitution and printed reports of the Fifth
Conference, there emanated from the Inter- Sorority Conference
management a pamphlet report on the joint meeting of Deans
and Advisers of Women in State Universities and Representa-
tives of the Inter- Sorority Conference.
This report takes up the following lines:
I. High School Sororities.
II. Cutting classes and Poor Work.
III. Increased expenditure. ,
106 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
IV. Attitude of Sorority girls to Non-Fraternity Men.
V. Attitude of girls to men whose conduct could justly be
The three recommendations of the Fourth Conference and
the four of the Fifth Conference were again emphasized. Work
was done on the matter of official badges.
The Conference adjourned to meet September, 1907.
(See Trident, Vol. XVI, No. 1).
In closing this chapter on Inter-Sorority work, a few ex-
tracts from the report made at the Syracuse Convention by Tri-
Delta's Delegate to the Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference are ap-
As Miss Olgen was AAA delegate to the Third, Fourth
and Fifth Conferences, was secretary of the Third, chairman of
the Fourth, a member of the Madison I. S. C. Committee report-
ing to the Fifth, and was Grand Secretary of Delta Delta Delta
for 1904-1906 and elected Grand President for 1906-1908, by
the Seventh National Convention, it is thought that no more
authoritative summary will be needed.
"Whatever may or may not have been accomplished at the
Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference, held in Chicago, September 14-
15, 1906, the very fact that the conference did meet then for the
fifth consecutive year, was a source of gratification to many of the
delegates who have been privileged to attend all the meetings
and who have had a part in this big movement from the small
beginnings of earlier years. When such a project as the Inter-
Sorority Conference was an experiment, both to ourselves and
to the entire Greek world, masculine and feminine, we were
granted by the masculine half or three-fourths of that world,
five years, at the longest, in which to prove beyond shadow of
doubt that there could be no inter-fraternal relationship on any
basis. Those who scoffed at first, remained to study and finally
to imitate, and now we hear of local Pan-Hellenics among the
men and some talk of a similar national organization.
To the women most interested, it did not take more than one
year, or at most two, to prove the experiment a success, nor long
er than that for the fraternities most interested to determine to
perpetuate the movement. The genuine and abiding interest in
the Inter-Sorority Conference is evident in the fact that a number
SUMMARY OF INTER-SORORITY WORK. 107
of delegates have attended every conference thus far held, and
that the delegates are now almost without exception members of
Grand Councils and Executive Boards, a number of them being
the chief executives in their respective organizations.
The Fifth Conference was important in that it framed a con-
stitution which is to be approved at the next conference. This
is only a simple working constitution but it is important in that
it settles many disputed points and defines clearly the object
and powers of the conference.
Much good has been accomplished by the Inter-Sorority Con-
ference, but there is room for much more work and there is no
reason why future conferences should not continue to do even
more. The object of the Inter-Sorority Conference is so broad
that it opens up a big field of work. The primary object has
been and is to improve methods of rushing and pledging. None
have felt the evils in rushing and pledging more keenly than so-
rority members themselves ; none have suffered from them so se-
verely as the members themselves. The colleges and universities
where such evils are unknown or have been reduced to a mini-
mum are few and far between. Certain evils have been entirely up-
rooted. No pledging before matriculation is now done at any
college or university where two or more nationals exist. There
are two exceptions now, but it is expected that these two will
very soon conform to the general rule. In these same institu-
tions there exist local Pan-Hellenic Associations which fix the
definite date of pledging after matriculation, and in nearly every
case, rules have been adopted which have limited or actually done
away with rushing.
It is hoped that in time the present primary object may be-
come secondary, and the entire time and attention of both Inter-
Sorority Conference and local Pan-Hellenics, be centered on the
many other problems of sorority life.
Many different activities of the Inter- Sorority Conference
are classed under the head of "Social Service Work." Sorority
problems are not problems confined to the organizations as such.
They are co-existant with many general educational problems.
Sororities owe their very existence to co-education. Almost
without exception, sororities were born in co-educational institu-
tions. By far the greater number of chapters, and usually the
strongest chapters, are located in co-educational colleges and uni-
108 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
versities. If co-education is still on trial, then the life of soror-
ities is not assured. Whatever problems co-education presents,
must necessarily become sorority problems. For selfish reasons
alone, then, we must help to make co-education permanent and
assured and more general than at present. But we are working
for philanthropic reasons also, because we believe firmly that as
organized bodies, we have more or less power to aid in any
movement for good, and we believe that in some cases, certain
desired results can be obtained through such organizations as
ours, and through such only. Many problems of education, from
the woman's side, have already been made the subject of much
discussion. Committees have been steadily at work on such
questions as "adequate dormitory facilities," "value of sorority
houses," "rules and regulations governing same," "need of Dean
of Women in every co-educational institution," "high standard
of scholarship," "adequate but uniformly democratic social life
for all," "limitation of excessive expenditure on social func-
tions" — and most important of all — "college ethics and morals."
But the , field of activity has not been confined to higher
education only. Leaders of secondary education are facing a
serious problem in the High School fraternity and sorority.
Magazines and newspapers are full of agitation. Litigation has
resulted in many places. Whole communities have been stirred.
The Inter- Sorority Conference has considered this question and
finds a remedy in .the proposed motion now before the national
Resolved, That the Sororities in High and other secondary
schools be discountenanced, and that four years from date of no-
tification by Grand Presidents, each Sorority in the Inter-Sorority
Conference refuse to admit any young woman who has been a
member of a sorority (any secret society) in any high or sec-
If this motion is carried, there can be no more speedy and
effective method of absolutely crushing the High School sorority.
If the fraternities will then do likewise; this problem will be eas-
So far Delta Delta Delta has taken an active part in the In-
ter-Sorority Conference. Both Council and Chapters, Active and
Alliance, have uniformly supported the most progressive resolu-
tions and recommendations proposed by the Conference, and
SUMMARY OF INTER-SORORITY WORK. 109
have readily voted in favor of all proposed legislation. Chapter
reports show a deep and intelligent interest in Inter-Sorority
matters and the majority of Chapters have taken a strong initia-
tive in the local Pan-Hellenics. The magazine, The Trident,
devotes considerable space each issue to matters of Inter-Soror-
ity interest and the editorial policy is to support and advance the
movement in every possible way. The Grand Council is united
in insisting upon the absolute enforcement in spirit and in letter
o'f all Inter-Sorority conference legislation. .
Amy H. Olgen.
The major portion of the history of any fraternity must be
the history of its individual chapters and again of its individual
Lack of space limits the writing of this real history. But
leaders have been attempted. All the Chapters report many so-
cial events of the rushing season. "Let not the student idea be
put into the back-ground by social ambitions," might be a watch
word for inter-sorority work.
Fraternity or Founder's Day and Chapter Day are two reg-
ular celebrations provided for every Chapter by the Constitution.
Not many years have elapsed in which to attain post-gradu-
ate distinction and but little has been attempted in gathering such
statistics. A large percentage of Tri Delta graduates are found
enrolled in the home circles of the land as wives and mothers.
Perhaps to them in one sense has come the greater opportunity.
The majority of these are still students, fraternity workers, Wom-
an's Club workers, and anxious guards of the American public
Almost the entire remaining list of graduates are teachers
in some line, public or private, excepting the few whose profes-
sions are given. Who shall say how great the work of the
teacher or how large the awaiting reward?
Something of the growth of Tri Delta may be appreciated
when one glances at the annals of the Conventions of 1893 and
1894 and then remembers that a recent Trident article (Vol. 14,
No. 1) stated that at the Y. W. C. A. Student Conference, at
Lake Geneva, Wis., Sept. 1-12, 1904, eight Tri Deltas were pres-
ent representing six different Chapters in five different states.
This was the largest representation of any sorority. Each sub-
sequent student's conference has reported meetings of various
numbers of members from widely scattered Chapters and hardly
a Trident but records the accidental acquaintances made through
CHAPTER HISTORIES GENERAL NOTES. Ill
meeting wearers of the Stars and Crescent. Interlaken, Switz-
erland, the Alps and Pike's Peak were among some of the more
recent meeting places. It is interesting to note that the first
chance meeting recorded was between representatives of Alpha
and Gamma, (Bertha Gardner and Matie T rumble) under the
great dome of the National Capitol, Washington, in July, 1891.
(See Trident, Vol. 1, No. 1.)
At the Pan-Hellenic banquet, held at Des Moines, Iowa, Jan.
26, 1906, out of the ninety-seven fraternity women present, rep-
resenting eight Sororities, ( Kappa Alpha Theta. Aloha Phi, Delta
Delta Delta, Gamma Phi Beta, Alpha Xi Delta, Pi Beta Phi, Kappa
Kappa Gamma and Delta Gamma), eighteen were Tri-Deltas,
representing four chapters, Delta, Phi, Epsilon and Kappa. At
the World's Fair Pan-Hellenic reception and banquet (1893),
ten Tri Deltas met, representing four Chapters, Alpha, Epsilon,
Gamma and Zeta. Fifteen Tri Deltas met at the St. Louis Fair,
1904 (June 26). Many inter-chapter parties, chapter house par-
ties and excursions have been enjoyed.
It will of course be realized that in compiling Chapter his-
tories, inaccuracies and omissions must of necessity occur. The
manner of keeping records and of reporting the same have in the
past varied so much in the different Chapters and the honor cus-
tom in voge is so different in the various schools that each report
must be considered a separate unit. Nevertheless something of
computation, inaccurate though it may be, is interesting. The
lists record ninety members of Phi Beta Kappa, in Delta Delta
Delta. (Kappa Alpha Theta founded in 1.870, reports but
ninety-six in Baird's Manual). But fourteen of the Chapters
are in institutions conferring this honor and two of them have
given it but a short time. In one of the Chapters carrying a
small membership, Sigma, fifteen girls have won the key. Over
eight hundred honors and positions in college are reported, with
the majority of the Chapters reporting only those of greatest
significance and one hundred and fifty names have recorded with
them something of Post Graduate distinction, although prior to
last year nothing had been done by the Chapters in collecting or
filing such data.
Much that was of interest in local Chapter life was necessar-
ily abridged or omitted. Every Chapter meeting other Nationals
reports Pan-Hellenic Associations, a few Faculty Pledge Days.
112 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA,
A close and commendable guard over the scholarship and general
college standing of the members is in evidence in every record.
If the past is a true index to the future, the next historian
of Delta Delta Delta will be able to compile a brilliant report of
that which these years of growth and preparation have made it
possible to achieve.
Only those students are eligible for active membership in
any of the Chapters of Delta Delta Delta who are candidates for
the regular degrees (A. B., Ph. B., B. L. and B. S. or their su-
perior degrees) or are specials who are taking ten hours a week
in work leading to those degrees or are students in the College
departments of Engineering, Domestic Science, Art, Music,
Oratory, Law, Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacy, who are tak-
ing three or four year courses leading to degrees or certificates
where the entrance requirements are equivalent to those for en-
trance upon a regular college course.
Alpha Chapter was founded at the University of Boston,
Boston, Mass., on Thanksgiving Eve., November 28, 1888, by
two Seniors, Sarah Ida Shaw and Eleanor Dorcas Pond, who
soon associated with them two other Seniors, Isabelle M. Breed
and Florence I. Stewart. These four, almost at once , proceeded
to select a full Chapter, pledging three girls from the
junior class, five sophomores, and six freshmen. Miss Shaw
and Miss Pond began the revealing of the new rites to this
group, in class order, on January 15, 1889. The first initiation
was completed at the home of Emily F. Allen on Joy street on
that evening, and on the following Monday eighteen Tri-Delta
pins announced to the Greek letter world of Boston University
that the rumors of a new society were based on the fact that a
thoroughly organized Chapter had taken its place in their midst.
The first nineteen names on the Alpha Constitution are giv-
en below in the order in which they are signed, with their respec-
tive classes indicated. The two names enclosed in parentheses
were for some reason added after the first initiation January 15,
1889. On January 18, a special initiation was held admitting
Marion K. Norris.
Sarah Ida Shaw Florence Isabelle Stewart
Eleanor Dorcas Pond Isabel Morgan Breed
Emily Frances Allen Lotta A. W. Stevens
Hattie Clinton McNeil
Mattie Ora Carter Alice Elizabeth Rich
Margaret Evelyn Emerson f Marion K. Norris)
Bertha Brackets (Mabel Partridge)
. i* • ... . • 1892 . ■
Delia Alice Badger Emily Stickney Clough
114 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Myrtle May Burdett Grace Butler Gallison
Hannah Josephine Centre Charlotte Elizabeth Joslin
SPECIAL INITIATION, MARCH 7, 1889
Etta May Budd, Ames, Lowa
Bertha Gardner Maud Muzzy
The first regular initiation for the new college year was
held November 22, 1889 at 165 West Chester Park and at this
time the following were initiated :
Mabel Partridge, '91. Nettie Buckland, '93.
Carrie Tanner, '92. Christine Jansson, '93.
Etta lone Ferry, '93. Mary Cochran, 93.
Flora Smith, '93. Susie Sayre, '93.
Edith Knowles, '93. Flora M. Smith, '93.
Mrs. Wm. E. Huntington." Mrs. Augustus H. Buck.
Mrs. Borden P. Bowne
Regular rooms for chapter meetings are now maintained
and it is the custom of non-resident students to find accommoda-
tions together. Alpha Chapter entertains its Alumnae at least
once a year and the Alumnae give the chapter an Annual Christ-
mas spread. A Pan-Hellenic reception called Klatsch Collegium
entertains them at an open meeting early in the spring, a play
before the College Philomathean Society and the Annual initia-
tion banquet are the regular social events of the Chapter, that
take precedence over the various informal dances and parties.
This year the classes are also being entertained.
Besides the responsibilities and burdens of founding and ex-
tending a national sorority borne so long and successfully by
members of Alpha Chapter, and the Chapter as a whole, else-
where recorded, one will see, by turning to publications, how for
nine long years, — the first years, the hard years, an Alpha girl
was Editor-in-Chief of the Trident and that with her and with
Alpha Chapter rested the responsibility of its business manage-
ment. To Alpha Chapter girls must be given also the honor of
organizing the first Alumnae Alliance and of giving the necessary
successful impetus to such a movement as to assure its adoption
by the fraternity at large. Alpha Chapter also conducted itself
in such a manner as to secure recognition as a national sorority,
even before its first Convention, being invited in April, 1891, to
CHAPTER HISTORIES — ALPHA. 115
assemble its delegation of three for representation in the Wom-
an's Pan-Hellenic Convention, called by Kappa Kappa Gamma.
In 1902, Alpha Chapter entertained the Fifth National Con-
vention in a manner that did credit both to its record as a parent
Chapter and to the beautiful places of historical and literary fame
which they by virtue of location could offer the sight seeing dele-
gates, when an hour could be snatched from work.
Other sororities precede Delta Delta Delta in date of estab-
lishment, a few in length of chapter roll but none are prouder of
the rank and location of the College, where their parent chapter
was founded, nor can another outrival Delta Delta Delta in the
earnest steadfast purpose of the Alpha members or in the success
attending their every effort.
Alpha ruled as Grand Chapter 1888-1893.
Alpha called first Chapter Conference April 18, 1891.
Entertained First Alpha Province Convention, Oct. 30-Nov. 1, 1895.
Entertained Fifth National Convention, June 26 — July 1, 1902.
Sarah Ida Shaw, Grand President, 1888-1893 ; Grand Com. Education
Charlotte E. Joslin, Grand Secretary, 1893-1897.
Martha K. Eveleth, Grand Vice President (Alpha Province), 1894
Sarah Ida (Shaw) Martin, Grand Historian, 1897-1900.
Sarah (Bartlett) Hayes, Grand President, 1900-1904.
Emily Frances Allen, Editor of Trident, 1891-1900.
Blanche Seaver, AAA delegate, Pan-Hellenic Conference, 1891.
Christine (Jansson) Howard, Grand Vice President, Alpha Province,
Phi Beta Kappa (Instituted 1899) —
1899— Marion E. Clark.
1899— Ada A. Cole.
1900 — Sarah L. Peckover.
1901— Winifred E. Howe.
1901— Mabel F. Barnum.
1902— Hulda J. Barnes.
1902 — Grace Barnum.
1906— Annie T. Gilchrist.
There is absolutely no recognition of an honor system at
Boston University, therefore Alpha Chapter has kept no record
of such things. She has always had her share of representation
on the University Beacon, in the Proctor-ships, in the Klatsch-
Collegium, Gamma Delta Society, various College clubs, Y. W.
C. A. and the Junior Week Program (new in 1904). A few po-
116 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
sitions of recent years are appended merely as an indication of
the college activities.
1900 — Sarah Peckover, Senior Proctor. President of Philamathean
Alice Black, Treasurer Gamma Delta.
Hulda Barnes, Klatsch Collegium Director.
1901— Hulda J. Barnes, Class Prophet.
Mabel F. Barnum, Farewell Address, Class Day.
1902 — Grace A. Barnum, Class Historian. Member Philosophical
1903— Edith M. Lovell, Class Prophet.
Helen H. Merrill, Member Class Day Committee.
1904— Edith Benner, Class Prophet.
Priscilla Penfield, Senior Dramatics.
Marion D. Leach, Junior Play. Class Treasurer. Finance Com-
1905 — 'Marion D. Leach, Class Day Committee.
Junior Day —
Lucy F. Evans, Executive Committee.
Edith Cole, Promenade Committee.
Annie Gilchrist, Dramatic Committee.
Marion L. Ford, Musicale Committee.
Camille F. Wheeler, Junior Day Committee.
Lucy F. Evans, Junior Day Committee.
1906 — Lucy F. Evans, Class Day Committee.
Junior Day —
M. Alice Haggarty, Finance Committee.
Bertha F. Hayes, Promenade Committee.
Persis C. Olney, Junior Day Committee.
The two clubs given below have only been organized a very
few years and have had their share of Alpha girls.
Current Literature Club —
Eva L Perry, Ex-'OS.
Cora E. Kellogg, '08.
Emma W. Galbraith, '09.
Historical Club —
Ruby H. Cole, '06.
Alma D. Stone, Ex-'07.
E. Pearl Davis, '08.
Among some old records are found:
Sarah Ida Shaw, '89, Commencement Speakership (2). Charlotte E.
Joslin, '92, Oratorical Prize.
Post Graduate Mention.
Sarah Ida (Shaw), Teacher Greek and German, Clinton Collegiate
Charlotte E. Joslin, A. M. (B. U), 1899. Student Oxford University,
1901. Treasurer R. I. Com., International Institute.
Florence Medora Kilburn, A. M. (B. U.), 1905.
Eleanor Dorcas Pond, M. D. (Tufts).
Ada A. Cole, Secretary Mass. Epsilon, of * B K.
Jacob Sleeper Hall, Boston University.
(Birthplace of Delta Delta Delta).
The Parthenon, Boston University (1888),
Where Delta Delta Delta Was Founded.
Delta Chapter House.
Delta Chapter House.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — DELTA. 117
Sarah L. Peckover, A. M., 1902 I B. U).
Grace B. Gallison, Teacher Mather Academy, Mather, S. C.
Emily S. Clough, Teacher Natural Sciences, Tillottson Academy,
Maud Muzzy, A. M., Radcliffe College.
Grace Ayers, Teacher of Languages, Morgan College, Baltimore, Md.
Nettie Louise Buckland, Prin. Passaic Collegiate School, Passaic,
N. J. Teacher Math. St. Margaret's School, Buffalo, N. Y.
Maud Muzzy. Christine Jansson.
H. Clinton McNeil. Marion Nickerson.
Belle Breed. Martha Eveleth.
Ida Blanchard. Ina F. Capen.
Grace Gallison. Myra Burrage
Eleanor Pond. Grace Ayres.
Boston University was founded in 1869, and although non-
sectarian is supported by the Methodist Episcopal Denomination.
Late this spring arrangements were completed whereby
the University will leave "Jacob Sleeper Hall" and will move
this summer to better buildings in a much better location, but a
short distance from the Public Library and Art Institute.
In the Liberal Arts Department, it numbers, 1905, men stu-
dents 184; women 317; faculty 30; in 190G, it numbered, in all
departments, men 900, women 600.
A #, installed 1882; active members 26 21
K K r, installed 1883 ; active members 19 22
r * B, installed in 1887 ; active members 20 29
AAA, installed in 1888; active members 25 25
IT B *, installed 1896; active members 27 27
2 K, installed 1900; active members 26 27
(Delta Deuteron formerly.).
Delta Chapter was installed in Simpson College, Indianola.
la., May 10, 1889, by Etta May Budd, of Alpha. Sarah Ida
Shaw and Etta May Budd inspired the local L. F. V. sororsis,
existing in the college successfully since 1871 and numbering
ninety-five members to apply for a charter in Delta Delta Delta.
This was the second Chapter established and was known as Delta
Deuteron until the First National Convention, when the system
118 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
of naming was changed and this Chapter became Delta, with the
list of the former Delta Chapter affiliated. Miss Budd was at this
time a member of the faculty at Simpson College.
The local, having abandoned the idea of founding a national
was investigating Greek letter societies with a view toward peti-
tioning some one of them later, when the acquaintance of Miss
Budd, of Alpha, was made and thus Tri-Delta chosen. On April
19, 1889, a pledge was signed by three members of L. F. V. for
the society, Mrs. Alice Barker Berry, '72 (A. M.), Mrs. Dora Gil-
ford Honnold, '75, and Miss Carrie McCausland, '89, who then
received the ritual and then preceeded to initiate the others.
The initiation took place at the home of Mrs. Dora Gifford Hon-
Alice Barker Berry. Minnie Thompson.
Hattie Berry. Carrie McCausland.
Lulu Linn. Carrie Page.
Dora Gifford Honnold. Hattie Cheshire.
Mrs. Chas. Eldred Shelton. Miss Elizabeth Bentley.
In 1896 a room was rented for meetings. A Chapter House
was maintained last year for those members not residents of In-
dianola. Owing to the late pledge day this year (1907) it was
thought best to give up the house this year, but plans are made to
have a fine one next year. One formal party is given each term
and a farewell meeting for the Seniors held the last day of Com-
mencement Week. On this occasion, the officers for the ensuing
year are installed.
On account of the forty-five years history back of the L. F.
V. Sorosis, Delta Chapter has had most valuable alumnae support.
An old banner is found here of blue plush lined with silver silk,
edged with silver fringe and emblazoned with a golden Delta.
Delta Chapter reported thirty-six elective and honorary posi-
tions held in 1905 and 1906.
Entertained First Gamma Province Convention, 1895.
Estella Trueblood, Grand Treasurer, 1893-1894.
Estella Trueblood, Grand Vice President, Gamma Province, 1900-
chapter histories — delta. 119
Buxton Scholarship —
Mary Linn. Fannie Clark.
Buxton Oratorical Contest —
Callie Rogers. Gertrude Brown.
Freshman Prize —
Barker Medal —
Badley Junior Thesis Contest —
Stella Wilson. Gertrude Brown.
* B K, University of Iowa, Winnifred Morris, 1905.
Post Graduate Mention.
Faculty of Simpson College —
Etta May Budd. Estella Trueblood.
Fannie J. (Clark) Watson. Alma A. Robbins.
Annette (Parrott) Tarleton. Minnie Jay.
Lydia Wilkinson. Missionary, China.
Alma Robbins, A. B., 1905, M. Ph., 1906.
While the custom was still in vogue among fraternities and
sororities to initiate well known people as honorary members,
Mrs. J. Ellen Foster, Lecturer and Social Service Worker, was
initiated by Delta Chapter, (1891). She was recently detailed
from the Department of Justice by direction of President Roose-
velt to investigate the condition of woman and child workers
throughout the country. A recent New York Daily has the fol-
lowing to say of the appointment:
"Mrs. Foster has had years of philanthropic work that peculiarly fits
her for gathering just such statistics. She was among the first women
in the country to study and practice law, and most of her clients were
moneyless and defenseless women and children.
"She has been prominent in most of the best reform movements
which have engaged women's clubs and societies, and usually had charge
of the work of crystallizing the sentiment into political action.
"On two occasions she brought special trainloads of factory women
from New England to testify before senate committees as to their wages
and living conditions.
"In 1900 Mrs. Foster was appointed by Secretary of State John
Hay to represent the United States in the International Red Cross
Conference at St. Petersburg. Last year she accompanied the Taft
party to the Philippines and made a special report to President Roose-
velt on the condition of women and children there.
"Mrs. Foster returned from a trip around the world a few months
ago, in the course of which she studied the condition of women and
children in China and India."
120 history of delta delta delta.
Simpson College was founded in 1867 and is Methodist
Episcopal. It numbers
Men students 250
Women students 200
Faculty ... 20
Men and women in all schools 914
Women in Collegiate Department 116
n B *, installed 1874 ; active members 22 21
AAA, installed 1889; (from local, formerly L. F. V., founded
1871); active members 18 18
A A r installed March 10, 1889 ; active members 13
A X CI installed 1907.
K A 9, installed 1879; withdrawn 1891.
K K r, installed 1881; withdrawn 1890.
Epsilon Chapter was founded at Knox College, Galesburg,
111., in 1889, by transforming a local society formed in March,
1888, and known as Kappa Beta Theta, into the third Chapter of
This society had been organized for the purpose of procur-
ing a charter from a national and while considering the matter
began correspondence with Sarah Ida Shaw through the influ-
ence of mutual fraternity acquaintances. The charter was
granted July 9, 1889, by the three grand officers.
In August, 1889, Miss Hattie Berry, of Delta (Deuteron)
Chapter, came and initiated the Chapter, that they might get their
pins and arrange their plans before college opened. The initia-
tion took place in Phi Gamma Delta Hall and the event was fol-
lowed by a banquet. Regular organization and installation with
some accompanying social events occurred at the Thanksgiving
Eve following and in some way the date of the installation of Ep-
silon Chapter has always been given as Thanksgiving Eve, 1889.
Patsie Ingersoll. Alta Marsh.
Mabel Crocker. Martha Stone.
Ella Milchrist. Frances' Sisson.
Nellie Ayers. Nellie T. Bassett.
chapter histories — epsilon. 121
Mrs. James C. Simpson. Mrs. George W. Thompson.
Mrs. William E. Phillips.
The college does not allow its sororities to maintain either
Houses or Halls but meetings in the homes are systematically
carried on and great vitality and enthusiasm is shown here and
in a series of elaborate social functions given each year, includ-
ing a formal ball, a reception, banquet and many minor events.
The annual Thanksgiving banquet is a double celebration for
this Chapter, and Upsilon, Gamma, Delta and Phi Chapters have
had representatives present at this affair.
The Chapter has stepped outside mere college activity and
furnished one of the rooms of the Free Kindergarten Building of
Galesburg and does active personal work there each week.
A summary of the long honor list gives the following:
There have been 137 girls initiated, 45 have been members
of L. M. I., 25 of Y. W. C. A., 6 have been graduated in piano,
1 in violin, 3 in voice, and 57 from college; 19 first prizes have
been won, 10 second prizes, and 70 elective offices in college or-
ganizations have been held (not including class plays).
There have been 62 marriages and 5 deaths in the chapter.
Many Epsilon girls have been prominent in the social and
literary life of Galesburg, after graduation, one year's report
showing each of the four leading literary clubs of the city pre-
sided over by a Tri Delta.
A Chapter whose strength at home made it impossible for
it to realize the struggles of a new and as yet unorganized nation-
al, Epsilon received something of a shock when it invited the
First National Convention to come to Galesburg and witnessed
the arrival of so few delegates. Those few, however, were
royally entertained and went away very proud of the Chapter that
had received them. Epsilon has the unique honor of having en-
tertained two National Conventions, and the numbers of the Sixth
Convention must have satisfied the wildest dreamer of them all.
This Convention found that the hospitality, praised of old,
was still characteristic there. With Epsilon also met the First
National Alumnae Alliance session, at the time of a Beta Prov-
ince Convention, 1898.
122 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
At present the burden of the Trident rests with one of their
members and the glory of her achievements rests on Epsilon.
Entertained P'irst National Convention, 1893.
Entertained Second Convention of Beta Province, 1898.
Entertained First National Alumnae Alliance Session, 1398.
Entertained Sixth National Convention, 1904.
Delegates present at all but one National Convention and at all Prov-
Almedia Laurson, '93, Grand President, 1893-1894.
Harriet Stone, '97, Grand Secretary, 1897-1900.
R. Louise Fitch, '02, Grand Vice President (Beta Prov.), 1904-1905
R. Louise Fitch, '02, Editor of Trident, 1905-1908.
R. Louise Fitch, '02. Visiting Delegate, 1905-1906.
Irene Olson, '05, Grand Vice President (Beta Prov.) 1905-1906.
1890 — Grace Hoffman.
1899— Mable Baxter.
1893 — Almedia Laurson.
1905 — Florence Clarkson (tied for second honors).
Presidents of L. M. I. (Literary) —
1894— Martha Stone.
1900 — Pauline King.
1901 — Louise Fitch.
Commencement Speakers —
1894 — Janet Greig.
1900 — Mae Stevenson.
1905 — Florence Clarkson.
Sophomore Plays —
1891 — Edna Wilmot, Almedia Laurson.
. 1900 — lone Vose.
1901 — Lillian Lanphear, Gertrude Trask.
1902 — Elsa Freedman, Elizabeth Arnold.
1903 — Florence Clarkson, Irene Olson.
1904 — Harriet Arnold, Estella Spies, Ethel Conner.
1905 — Marie Seacord, Alma Thompson.
1906— Bertha Collins.
Y. IV. C. A.—
1893-'94— Eleanor Milchrist.
1902-'03 — lone Vose.
1003-'04— Elizabeth Arnold.
1905-'06 — Harriet Arnold.
1901 — lone Vose, Elizabeth Arnold, Summer Conference at Lake
CHAPTER HISTORIES — EPSILON. 123
1902 — Irene Olson, lone Vose, Lake Geneva ; Harriette Wilcox and
Louise Fitch,, State Convention, Aurora, 111.
1904 — Marian Vose, State Convention at Peoria, 111.
1906 — Laura Alton, Summer Conference, Winona Lake, Ind.
Honor Roll —
1899— Ethel Rawalt.
1904 — Florence Clarkson.
1905 — Florence Clarkson, Gertrude Lescher, Marie Seacord, Clarissa
1907— Ruth Healy.
College Editorial Honors —
1899— Elsa Ertel.
1900 — Pauline King.
1902 — Louise Fitch.
1903 — Elsa Freedman, Harriet Wilcox.
1904 — Irene Olson, Florence Clarkson.
1905 — Harriet Arnold.
1906 — Clarissa Atwood, Ethel Conner.
1907— Edith Dodds.
1901 — Louise Fitch, Editor and Business Manager First Woman's
Edition of "Knox Student."
1906 — Clarissa Atwood, Editor Woman's Edition ; Harriet Arnold,
1907 — Marie Seacord, Editor Woman's Edition ; Alma Thompson,
Edith Dodds on staff.
Gale Board :
1898 — Marie Raymond.
1899 — Elsa Ertel, Mae Stevenson, Louise Groves.
1900— Lenna Short.
1901— Louise Fitch.
1902 — lone Vose, Lillian Lanphear, Gertrude Trask.
1903— Elizabeth Arnold.
1904 — Florence Clarkson, Irene Olson.
1905 — Harriet Arnold, Estella Spies, Ethel Conner, Clarissa Atwood
1906— Marie Seacord.
1907— Edith Dodds, Marion Vose.
Pianoforte Graduating Recital —
1891— Eva Tamblyn.
1896 — Blanche George.
1898— Ella Blanche McLaughlin
1900 — Nannie Ingersoll.
1900— Lillian McLaughlin.
1903— Julia Ferris.
1904 — Louie Ferris.
Special Recital in Voice —
1903— Mabel Baxter.
1907 — Lillian Lanphear.
Graduate in Voice —
1S97— Lillian Latimer.
1903— Lillian Elwood.
1906 — Maude Mcintosh.
Class Presidents —
1893-'94— Blanche Aldrich, Junior Class.
124 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
1898-'99 — Loraine Gay, Junior Class.
lS99-'00 — Mae Stvenson, Senior Class.
1901-'O2 — Gertrude Trask. Junior Class.
1904-'05 — Estella Spies, Junior Class.
Ladies' Declamation Contest —
1889 — Lottie Benjamin (1), Grace Hoffman (2).
1894— Martha Stone (2).
1895— Mary Wertman (2).
1901— Lillian Lanphear (2), Gertrude Trask (3).
1902 — Florence Clarkson (1), lone Vose (2), Elsa Freedman (8).
1903— Elizabeth Arnold (1).
1904— Ethel Conner (2).
1905 — Clarissa Atwood (1).
1906— Alma Thompson (l), Edith Dodds (2).
Freshman Greek Honors —
1896— Mable Baxter (1).
1905— Lucy Roberts (1).
Freshman Latin Honors —
1S95 — Mable Baxter (1), Preparatory Latin.
1896— Mae Stevenson (1), Mable Baxter (2).
1904 — Gertrude Lescher (2).
1905— Lucv Roberts (2).
Theme Writing —
1904— Clarissa Atwood (l).
Ladies' Debate —
1900— Pauline King (1).
1902— Louise Fitch (1).
1904— Elizabeth Arnold (1).
Edgar Lee Masters Prise (Best Essay) —
1906 — Clarissa Atwood (1).
1900 — Blanche Stoll, Pauline King, Louise Fitch, class crew.
1901-'02 and 'i9 r )2-'0^—lor.e Vose, Harriette Wilcox, Elsa Freedman,
1903-'O4 and 1904-'05 — Harriet Arnold, Ethel Conner, part of winning
(2) Basket Ball—
1899-1900-1901-'02— Louise Fitch, Captain College Team.
1902 — lone Vose, Gertrude Trask, Ida Clemens, Harriette Wilcox.
1903— lone Vose.
1904-'05 — Estella Spies, Harriet Arnold, Marion Vose, Lelah Tubbs.
1905-'06 — Harriet Arnold, Gertrude Simmons, Edith Dodds, Katharine
Boyden, Laura Alton.
1900-'01— Alta Murdoch, Whiting Hall Team.
Class Plays (Seniors) —
1897 — Mary Wertman, Harriet Stone.
1899 —Loraine Gay, Mable Baxter, Lucie Hampton.
1900 — Mae Stevenson, Pauline King.
1903 — Lillian Lanphear, Elsa Freedman, Gertrude Trask, lone Vose
B — ■■"-
' ' ^
H & ' vJH |r
CHAPTER HISTORIES — EPSILON. 125
1904— Elizabeth Arnold.
1905 — Florence Clarkson, Irene Olson.
1906 — Harriet Arnold, Ethel Conner.
1907 — Anna Thompson, Bertha Collins, Marie Seacord.
Post Graduate Mention.
Luna Gilbert, '91 — May Betonne Opera Co.
Eleanor Milchrist, Student Columbia School of Oratory. Teacher of
Oratory, Shenandoah, Iowa.
Janet Greig, '94, student in Europe, 1894-'95. Instructor in French
and German at Knox, 1896-'98. Dean of Women at Knox College,
Lillian Latimer, '97, vocal student in Minneapolis and New York.
Estelle Johnson, ex-'95, Physical Director of Women at Knox, 1895.
Harriet Stone, '97, Librarian Children's Department, Galesburg.
Mabel Baxter, '99, student at Columbia University, 1906.
Edna Rex, '00, teacher in Philippines, 1901-'02.
lone Vose, '03, General Secretary Y. W. C. A. at University of Indi-
ana, 1904. Student State Secretary of Illinois, 1905. General Secretarv
Y. W. C. A. at University of Colorado, 1907.
Gertrude Trask, '03, student Simmons College, Boston, 1904. Teach-
er, St. Mary's Knoxville, 111., (Domestic Science), 1906. Teacher Brad-
ley Polytechnic Institution at Peoria. Teacher Jenkin Lloyd Jones School,
Lillian Elwood, '03, Instructor in Knox Conservatory, 1904. Pupil of
Del Sedie and Jean De Reske in Paris, 1905-'06. Vocal student in Ber-
Lillian Lanphear, '03, Librarian Children's Department, Galesburg.
Louie Ferris, '04, Instructor in violin at Sac City, Iowa.
Lucy Hampton, '99, student Columbia School Oratory, Chicago,
Grace Hoffman, '90, student in Germany of Art and Sociology.
Blanche McLaughlin, '99, teacher of Piano, Music Department, Denni-
Rose Scott, ex-'93, Assistant State Supt. Sunday School Work for
New Jersey, 1906.
Pauline H. King, '00, teacher English and Elocution, Princeville and
Georgia Beede, ex-'98, Insurance Agent at Peoria, 111.
R. Louise Fitch, '02, Assistant Editor Galva, 111., "News," 1904-'06.
Editor and Business Manager "Galva Weekly News," 1906-1907.
Knox College is undenominational. Founded in 1837. It numbers
Men students 200 174
Women students 449 386
IT B *, installed 1884 ; active members 20 19
AAA, installed 1889; active members 21 16
K K r, installed 1871, withdrawn 1874.
126 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Delta Chapter was installed at Iowa State College, Ames,
Iowa, in June, 1890, by Etta Mae Budd, of Alpha. Miss Budd.
B. S. '82, was a daughter of the Professor of Horticulture of
Iowa State College and had been perfecting her education at Bos-
ton University and upon her return to her home college had been
elected a member of its faculty. Having given up her former
idea of establishing a national fraternity and finding her old local
W. D. T. disbanded, in spite of anti-fraternity disturbances, she
found no difficulty in organizing a Chapter for the new national
with which she had identified herself in Boston, Alpha Chapter
of Delta Delta Delta.
The following were all Senior girls who were chosen and
initiated as charter members:
Minnie A. Adams. Sappho Lane.
Blanche M. Bradley. Minnie A. Malley.
Etta M. Budd. Olivia M. Morton.
Lynne Chevalier. Violet N. Quint.
Carrie L. Cottrell. L. May Roddis.
Mary H. Cottrell. Evelyn E. Starr.
To this number were soon added:
Nellie E. Dean. Eva Speer.
Trident Degree —
It will be remembered that this College was the scene of the
most violent anti-fraternity disturbances on record and that mat-
ters were finally carried into the courts for adjustment, by chap-
ters of the various men's fraternities.
The Chapter of Delta Delta Delta remained loyal and earnest
but after being forbidden to initiate more members (in 1892),
discontinued its work on account of this faculty anti-fraternity
legislation. It surrendered its charter to the First National Con-
vention and from this time Delta Deuteron Chapter, located at
Simpson College, Iowa, received the name of Delta, affiliating
the former members of that Chapter.
In the spring of 1906, the Editor of the Trident noticed the
CHAPTER HISTORIES DELTA GAMMA. 127
names of some of this Chapter in a list of people participating in
a Pan-Hellenic banquet at Waterloo, Iowa. Correspondence
immediately revealed the fact that Tri Delta bonds were as
strong as ever and their interest in the national fraternity great,
although fate had denied them a chapter home. Fourteen mem-
bers were fully initiated here and two pledged or Trident Degree
members existed. Tri Delta has never counted Delta at Iowa
State College as a fairly established Chapter as the date of its
initiation services and the anti-fraternity rulings so conflicted
that it had no actual college existence. But the zeal and loyalty
of its initiates have been appreciated all the more, and when one
considers that this was not only an unsuccessful attempt but the
unsuccessful attempt of a new sorority, the lasting interest of
these girls is a splendid testimony to the value of its rites.
Post Graduate Mention.
Etta May Budd, who had joined her forces and plans to Tri Delta
while in Boston, was not only the organizer of Delta Chapter, but also
transformed the L. F. V. Society of Simpson College into Delta Deuteron
Chapter of Delta Delta Delta. She was for several years a member of the
Simpson College Faculty.
Evelyn Starr (since deceased), was a post graduate student at Ames.
Eva Spear was a daughter of Prof. Spear, at that time Superintend-
ent of U. S. Experimental Station.
Flora Wilson (a pledged member), is the daughter of the Professor
of Agriculture at that time, and he has since become a member of Presi-
dent Roosevelt's Cabinet, while Miss Wilson is now studying in Paris.
May Roddis Kruger is now in the Philippines, the wife of a U. S.
Iowa State College was established under a grant for agri-
cultural schools in 1869. Fraternities were ruled out in 1890-
1891. Recently the rulings have been favorable again and some
of the men's fraternities and Pi Beta Phi have reopened their
n B #, established 1877; withdrawn 1887; re-established 1906.
AAA, installed 1890; never conducted.
Gamma Chapter was installed at Adrian College, Adrian,
Mich., on Feb. 22, 1890, in W. C. T. U. parlors, by Mrs. L. A. W.
Stevens, of Alpha.
128 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
The group of girls composing it received all possible aid and
encouragment both from the local chapters of the men's frater-
nities and from various members of the faculty, it being felt that a
second national sorority would be a good thing in the school. A
local had been in existence since the beginning of the college
Bessie M. Leach. Matie Trumble.
Rose McCormick. Eva Rorick.
Anna Poage. Daisy Mulvane.
Anna Louise Porter. Fronia Rhonemus.
The Chapter has always maintained a chapter hall, located in
a front wing of the girls' dormitory. A regular rent is paid for
the hall and it is provided with all modern conveniences. It has
been refurnished and re-decorated by the chapter for 4906, this
being the third time that it has had renovation. Tri Delta girls
at Adrain have always added to their creed the fostering of loy-
alty to their Alma Mater.
Weekly meetings are held. An opening party, a Pan-Hel-
lenic affair of some kind and the Annual Reunion Banquet are
the more important regular social duties.
No record of minor college honors and positions has been
kept, but Gamma Chapter reported the following college posi-
tions for 1905-'06 :
Senior Class Prophet, an Eulogist, Reciter, and Debater for
Literary Societies' Anniversaries, Vice President of Y. W. C. A.
and President of College Alumni Association.
In her history Gamma Chapter has enjoyed three positions
on the college faculty, five assistant or tutor positions and four
of its girls have become wives of faculty members. In the first
year of its organization, out of seven girls in college holding
High School graduation first honors, five were on this Chapter
Entertained Third Beta Province Convention, Oct. 12-15, 1899.
Bessie M. Leach, delegate AAA, Inter-sorority Conference, 1891.
Deputized Presiding Officer, First National Convention. Delegate AAA,
World's Fair Com. on Pan-Hellenism. Speaker for A A A, World's
Fair Pan-Hellenic Congress.
Jessie Milne, delegate AAA, World's Fair Com. on Pan-Hellenism.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — GAMMA. 129
Bessie Leach Priddy* Grand Vice President (Beta Province), 1893-4.
Elizabeth (Gibbs) Palmer, Grand Vice President (Beta Province)
Bessie (Leach) Priddy, Grand Historian, 1902-8.
Winners of Society Contests —
Bessie M. Leach.
Winners of Society and Inter-Society Contests —
1893— Elizabeth Gibbs.
1898— Lelia E. Rorick.
1899— Bertha M. Lambert.
Prize in English Literature —
1891— Elizabeth Gibbs.
1894 — Kathleen Lome Blaine.
1897— Nettie Lou Fuller.
1901 — Mary E. Waterman.
Graduating Prise in Music —
1691 — Clara B. Hopkins.
Gamma has enjoyed her full proportion of class honors, lit-
erary society positions, and editorial duties.
Editorial College World —
1889— Bessie M. Leach, '91.
1890— Clara M. Eayrs, Ex.
1891 — Josephine Shinn, Ex.
1892— Elizabeth Gibbs, '92.
1893— Ella F. Tobias, '94.
1897— Katherine Spahr, '97.
1897 — Annie S. Cairns, '97.
1897 — Lena Lackey.
1899— Edith Nash.
1899— Bertha M. Lambert, (editor in chief).
1899 — Mary Celia Smith.
1900-'02— Mattie Black, '02.
1901 — Donna Harriman, Ex.
1902 — Maud Jordan, '05.
Presidents Literary Societies —
Bessie M. Leach.
Eva M. Rorick.
Nettie Van Wert.
Mabel Waterman. •
130 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
; Lelia Rorick.
Ella F. Tobias. '
Nettie L. Fuller.
Post Graduate Mention.
Elizabeth Gibbs Palmer, A. M., Instructor in German and Greek,
Sarah Allis, Post Graduate, University of Chicago.
Sadie Parsons, Assistant Principal, Woman's Hall, Adrian College.
Bertha M. Lambert, Instructor in Latin, Adrian College.
Octa Wise Case, Professor of Music, Adrian College. 1897 student
abroad with Madame Teresa Carreno. At present post graduate student
at University of Michigan under Albert Lockwood.
Bessie Leach Priddy, 1900, Instructor in German, Adrian College
State Treasurer Mich. Fed. Women's Clubs. 1905, President Adrian
Ella F. Tobias, Librarian New York City. Librarian University of
Columbia Library. Librarian, University of Michigan Library.
Clara B. Hopkins, Music Faculty, Gittings Seminary. LaHarpe, 111.
Katherine Spahr Hull, Faculty Westminster College, Md.
Mabel Waterman Totten, Missionary, 79 Oiwarnira, Shiznoka, Ja-
Myrtle N. Stillwell, Instructor in Adrian College.
Josephine Shinn, Instructor in Adrian College.
Mabel Terry Hamilton, student abroad, 1903.
Anna L. Porter Milne, student abroad.
Donna Harriman, assistant, Adrian College.
Adrian College was founded as Wesleyan Methodist, 1859.
It became Methodist Protestant, 1869. It numbers
Men students 90 110
Women students 50 90
Faculty 14 14
K K r, installed May 26, 1882 ; active members 6 8
AAA, installed Feb. 22, 1890; active members 10 10
Beta Chapter was installed at St. Lawrence University, Can-
ton, N. Y., Dec. 24, 1891, by Florence M. Jackson, who acted as
Chapter Houses Occupied Successively by Beta Chapter.
£ '/*'- "■"• . .-J
Beta Chapter House. (1907)
CHAPTER HISTORIES — BETA. 131
deputy for Grand President Sara Ida Shaw, Alpha. Miss Jack-
son had been the moving spirit in the petitioning body and had
made the trip to Meriden, Conn., where Miss Shaw was teach-
ing, to take the initiation service direct from her as soon as the
news was received that the charter had been granted. The
initiatory banquet was held January 11, 1892. The St. Law-
rence Chapter of Kappa Kappa Gamma tendered the new Trl
Delta Chapter a reception February 13, 1892.
Florence Mabel Jackson. Abbie Elizabeth Casey. t;
Edith May Wait. Eva Augusta Hitchcock. , /
Mamie Linda Baker. Rhoda Emma Richardson.
Margaret Jane Murray. Nina May Vinson. • ■ >
Nellie Leona Baker. ' i ' -
Mrs. H. A. Cowen.
A Chapter House has been maintained for some time, pro-
vided by their honorary member, Mrs. H. A. Cowen, for a time,
but now supported by the girls. A goodly portion of a fund for
the purchase of a home has been accumulated. Formal events
here are Annual Initiatory Banquet, a joint celebration of Found-
ers' and Chapter Day held some time between Thanksgiving and
Christmas, annual Christmas celebration, Annual Alumnae Re-
union Banquet and three or four other variable functions. Reg-
ular meetings are held each Saturday evening.
Beta Chapter entertained the Second National Convention
with credit to itself and satisfaction to the fraternity. The first
convention picture was made at this time.
St. Lawrence University has been the scene of some very
interesting sorority history, and Beta Chapter made as heroic a
struggle as any Chapter ever recorded, and was rewarded by a
remarkable success. To some of those who had watched and
worked during the trying times recorded in their secret annals,
the delegation of twenty-one members who came down to Syra-
cuse to the Seventh National Convention was an inspiring sight.
Besides having furnished a fourteen room Chapter House, Beta
Chapter has made quite a start on a Chapter Endowment Fund.
Besides the listed honors, the following positions were re-
ported for 1905 — Vice Presidency of three classes and of the
132 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Thelomathesia, representation on the Laurentian Board and the
Presidency of both the S. L. U. French Club and the S. L. U.
. • With Beta is found one of the earliest of banners, a blue and
white satin Triangle, emblazoned with golden Stars and Cres-
cent, swung from a silver Trident.
Entertained Second National Convention, Oct. 18, 1894.
Entertained Second Alpha Province Convention, Nov. 23, 1898.
Edith Wait Colson, Grand Treasurer, 1894-1897.
Phi Beta Kappa (Instituted 1899) —
1899 — Gertrude Yale Atwater.
1901 — Gertrude M. Robinson.
1903— Edna Heckles.
1905 — Emma Louise Cory.
1905— Julia Wells Preston.
1906 — Frances Louise Atwater.
1906— Etta Evelyn Fraser.
Commencement Speakers — ;
1904 — Emma Corey (first class rank).
1905 — Julia Preston (second class rank).
1906 — Frances Atwater.
: Vice Presidents.:
1904 — Josephine Delaney.
1906 — Frances Atwater.
1907 — Helen Sawyer.
1908 — Grace Dean.
Tree Holiday Speaker —
1907 — Wilhelmina Ackerman.
Laurentian Board —
1906 — Frances Atwater.
1907 — Wilhelmina Ackerman.
Basket Ball —
1905 — Lena Wallace.
1905 — Julia Preston.
1906 — Frances Atwater.
1906— Sarah Hulett.
1907 — Helen Sawyer.
1907— Gladys Millen.
1908 — Winnie Kaylor.
1908 — Helen McCormick.
No past record of class officers, holiday speakers, editors of college
papers and annuals has been kept, but Beta has been well represented.
Associate Editor of 1904 Canto — 1904, Josephine Delaney.
Associate Editor of 1908 Gridiron — 1908, Clara Paul.
chapter histories zeta. 133
Post Graduate Mention.
Clara Morgan, active work as Ordained minister.
St. Lawrence University was founded in 1856. The Col-
lege of Letters and Science is non-sectarian but the Theological
School is Universalist. A Law School was established in 1903
and an Agricultural School in 1906.
Men students 132 317
Women 91 99
Beta Beta Chapter of K K r was installed here in 1879 and the char-
ter withdrawn in 1898, the members then forming the local known as Z <I>.
Z <i>, founded 1903 ; active members 27 24
AAA, installed 1891 ; active members 20 19
O r S (local), founded 1904; active members 9 9
A r, installed 1884; charter withdrawn 1887.
Zeta Chapter was installed at the University of Cincinnati,
Cincinnati, O., May 23, 1892, by Emma B. Kinney, of Gamma,
and it was through her efforts that the petitioning body for Zeta
Chapter was assembled. Her home was in Cincinnati and when
she decided to give up her work in Adrian College and enter her
home University, it was her steadfast purpose to organize there
a creditable chapter of the then young national sorority, in
which she had been such an enthusiastic charter member at
The pride and strength of the local sororities there at the
University at that time can scarcely be estimated by people ac-
customed to measure things by the national standard. Miss
Kinney's judgment both on character and scholarship was also
of an unusually keen discrimination so that her task consumed
nearly two years, but the history of Zeta Chapter and Zeta Al-
liance declares to all how wisely and well it was accomplished
and how loyally the early support that she gained work with her
and for Tri Delta.
134 history of delta delta delta.
Emma B. Kinney. Estelle M. Riley.
Ida Darsie. Margaret E. Layman.
Emnie Esselborn. Alma S. Fick.
Lucy M. Lambdin. Sadie A. Fortney.
Carrie Marpe. Agnes R. Powers.
Mrs. Thomas French.
Meetings are held every other Saturday in the homes.
Every two months a joint session of Alumnae Alliance and Chap-
ter is held. Dances, plays, luncheons, and banquets are regular
affairs. As an unusually large proportion of members are of
Cincinnati families and thus the Alliance numbers more than
fifty, the joint meetings are very large affairs. Those who at-
tended the Fourth National Convention of A A A will never for-
get the elaborate manner in which Zeta Chapter entertained.
The gorgeous window decorations of the city, in honor of the
Convention, bore witness to the fact that the Chapter was locally
appreciated. For years a very strong and old local and two
other good locals were formidable rivals, but the Convention of
1900 was so convincing that since then Zeta has had a free range,
K K r installed a Chapter here in 1885 but it existed but a few
months, its charter being withdrawn in 1885.
Zeta Chapter has also borne the responsibility of editing the
Trident and borne it with credit. Miss Julia Closterman was
the second editor-in-chief, assuming her duties at the beginning
of the tenth volume and continued them througli the eleventh
with a marked success. She was the first editor to use an illus-
trated cover, the admirable and significant design being the
work of one of Zeta's members, Lavina Perin-Gray. Beside
informal rushing parties, the last year recorded in October a
dance, at the Allamont Hotel, a "bal poudre," in December, and
a dance June the fifth. On Founder's Day the Alliance gave
Over thirty college elective and honorary positions were re-
ported for the past year.
Entertained Fourth National Convention, 1900.
Agnes Powers Dunning, Grand President. 1897-1900.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — ZETA. 135
Julia E. Closterman, Editor of Trident, 1902-1904.
Alma S. Fick, AAA, Inter-sorority Conference, 1903.
Katherine Ratterman, Alliance Officer, 1905-19QU-1908.
Phi Beta Kappa—
1891 — Margaret Layman.
1892— Estelle M. Riley.
1893 — Emile M. Esselborn.
1894 — Lucy Lambdin.
1894— Alma S. Fick.
1896 — Mary Sibbey Evans.
1898 — Julia Bentley.
1898 — M. Katharine Ratterman.
1899— Adele Bentley.
1899— Sarah Albray.
1902— Katharine Babbitt.
1902 — Elizabeth Diserens.
1904— Ida Estelle Davis.
1904 — Lucy Weimar Collins.
1905 — Sue Mackelfresh.
1905— Helen Stein.
4> B K Prize (best essay), Emma Cunningham, 1901.
Jones Prize (best essay and oration), Marv Evans, 1897; Lucy Col-
Literary Club —
Louise Bentlev (Pres.).
Blue Hydra Club —
Sue Mackelfresh (Ex.-Com.)
Le Cercle Francais —
Glee Club —
President — Alma duBray.
Weekly News —
Always represented on staff.
Louise Bentley, 1905-6, editor in- chief. •■ -.>«♦**---
136 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Y. W. C. A.—
Iola Shafer, President.
Social Settlement —
1895 — Secretary — Agnes Powers (Senior).
1897 — Vice President — Florence Lawler (Junior). Executive Committee
— Florence Lawler (Senior).
1198 — Vice President — Nellie H. Fairweather (Freshman). Secretary —
Lavina Perin, (Sophomore), Literary Staff of Cincinnatian —
M. Julia Bentley (Sophomore). Staff of McMicken Review — M.
Julia Bentley (Senior).
1897 — Jones Oratorical Prize — Mary S. Evans (Senior).
1899 — Secretary — Adele Bentley (Freshman). Vice President — Adele
Bentley (Sophomore). Literary Staff of Cincinnatian*— Adele
Bentley (Sophomore). Executive Committee — Adele Bentley (Jun-
ior). Vice President — Lura M. Fortney (Junior). Staff of Bur-
net Woods Echo — Adele Bentley (Junior). Vice President — Adele
Bentley (Senior). Secretary — Ruth Butterworth (Senior). Staff
of McMicken Review — Sarah Albray (Senior).
1900 — Assistant Treasurer — Edna Cunningham (Junior).
1901 — Secretary — Mildred French (Sophomore). Staff of Burnet Woods
Echo— Ethel Thalheimer (Freshman). Vice President — Mildred
French (Junior). Secretary — Flora Nieman (Junior). Executive
Committee — Mary A. Tucker (Junior).
1902 — Vice President — Grace Goodale (Freshman). Executive Commit-
tee — Grace Goodale (Sophomore).
1903 — Secretary — Agnes Andrews (Freshman).
1904 — Vice President — Kathleen Black (Freshman). Secretary — Grace
Jones (Freshman). Executive Committee — Kathleen Black (Soph-
omore). Secretary — Lucy Collins (Sophomore). Secretary — Ida
Davis (Junior). Literary Staff of Cincinnatian— Ida Davis (Jun-
ior). Secretary — Lucy Collins (Senior). Executive Committee —
Cora Box (Senior).
1905 — Vice President — Sue Mackelfresh (Sophomore). Executive Com-
mittee — Sue Mackelfresh (Senior). Staff of University News —
Sue Macklefresh (Senior).
1906 — Executive Committee — Amy Schwarz (Junior).
1907 — Secretary — Jessie Ireland (Sophomore). Secretary — Jessie Ire-
land ("Junior). Secretary — Louise Bentley (Senior).
1908 — Vice President — Ella Wilson (Freshman). Secretary — Ruth Ham-
1909 — Vice President — Iola Shafer (Sophomore).
1910 — Secretary — Ruth Sorgel (Freshman).
These lists of Zeta honors are not reproduced as absolutely
accurate. Many names may have been omitted as this collection
was made recently from many sources through more than fifteen
years of history.
Eta Chapter House, 1894.
Eta Rooms, 1905-1907.
Eta Chapter Rooms, 1905-1907.
chapter histories — eta. 137
Post Graduate Mention.
Katherine Babbit, teacher Cincinnati Technical School.
Florence Lawler, Instructor in Mathematics, University of Cin-
Estelle M. Riley Caldwell, physician.
Ina Walton, teacher, Gravina, Alaska.
Many other girls on faculty of various Cincinnati Schools.
Two librarians of Cincinnati.
Margaret Layman, A. M. (U. of C), student in Germany.
Emma Cunningham, 1901, * B K prize for best essay in English
Helen Stein, D. A. R, Fellowship in History.
Lucy Lambdin, Gold medal, Elocution, Cincinnati College of Music.
The University of Cincinnati was founded by bequest in
1858 and opened in 1873. Non-sectarian.
1905 1906 1907
Students 812 1146 1374
AAA, installed 1892 ; active members 20 18
V. C. P., founded 1891 ; active members 15 10
Gamma Beta, founded 1398 ; active members 10 6
Alpha Phi Psi, founded 1904; active members 16 12
Tau Kappa Sigma, founded 1905 ; active members 9 10
K K r installed 1885, withdrawn 1885.
Eta Chapter was installed in the University of Vermont,
Burlington, Vt., Feb. 27, 1893, at the residence of Eva Jones, on
North Avenue, by Christine Jansson, of Alpha. Beta Chapter
was instrumental in forming Eta and conducted some corres-
pondence with the petitioners through Florence M. Jackson.
The original three who selected the nine charter members
were Eva Jones, Annie L. Sherburne and Irene Lee. Kappa
Alpha Theta, the oldest woman's national represented there
greeted Eta Chapter with a reception.
Irene Lee Jessie Babbit.
Eva Jones. Mattie Spafford.
Grace Wilcox. Florence Campbell.
Annie Laurie Sherburne. Edith Smith.
138 history of delta delta delta.
The Chapter maintains a two room hall for its meetings.
For a time, a Chapter House was maintained but the idea was
finally given up as many of the members were residents of the
town. Both formal and informal parties are given. Re-
unions are a feature.
Besides the listed honors, seven committee positions were
reported for the past year, two members in the College Choir,
three in the Glee Club, three in Histrionics and four in the
Shakespeare Play. Ninety-five honors are listed to the credit
of Eta's history.
Entertained Alpha's Third Province Convention, Nov. 29, 1899.
Annie Laurie Sherburne, Grand Vice President, Alpha Province,
There are fourteen honors open to women here. Of these,
Eta, it appears, has won a good percentage.
Phi Beta Kappa (6) —
1891 — Hattie K. Andrews.
1894— Irene Lee. "
1898— Carrie Deavitt.
1898 — Abbie Leonard.
1898 — Annie L. Sherburne.
1901— Madge McElrov.
1902— Bertha Field.
1906— Gertrude Whittimore.
Greek (5) —
1893 — Annie L. Sherburne.
1898— Elizabeth Johnson.
1902 — Elizabeth Johnson.
1904 — Helen Douglass.
1905 — Mary Joslyn.
1893— Mary Douglass.
1896— Carrie Nye.
1891— Hattie K. Andrews.
Biology ( 1 )
1891— Hattie K. Andrews.
Italian (1) —
1895— Adelle Lee.
German (1) —
1893— Irene Lee.
French (3) —
1S93— Annie L. Sherburne.
1895— Mattie Spafford.
1896— Adelle Lee.
CHAPTER HISTORIES— ETA. 139
English (2) —
1894— Mattie Spafford.
1899 — Emily Lucia.
Bissell Prise (1) —
1900 — Madge McElroy.
Latin Entrance (l) —
General High Standing (3) —
1891 — Hattie K. Andrews.
1898 — Annie L. Sherburne.
1898 — Abbie Leonard.
Double Honors Graduation (l) —
1891 — Hattie K. Andrews.
Commencement Speakers (3) —
1900 — Mary Harrison.
1902— Bertha Field.
1900 — Gertrude Whittimore.
Editorial (7) —
Ariel, 1895 — Mattie Spafford.
Cynic, 1900 — Mary Harrison.
Cynic, 1900 — Madge McElroy.
Ariel, 1901 — Elizabeth Johnson.
Cynic, 1902 — Florence Douglass.
Ariel, 1904 — (Artist) Evelyn Enright.
Ariel, 1905 — (Artist) Mary Joslyn.
Y. W. C. A. (4)—
1898, President — Annie L. Sherburne.
1898, Vice President — Carrie Deavitt.
1899, Vice President — Mary Paddock.
1904, Vice President — Delia Harding.
Glee Club (14)—
1895— Adelle Lee.
1895-6— Mattie Spafford.
1396-7— Carrie Deavitt.
1896-8-9— Mary Paddock.
1896— Marion Forbes.
1896 — Abbie Leonard.
1899 — Martha Needham.
1898-9— Bertha Field.
1898-9 — Florence Douglass.
1901-2-3-4 — Delia Harding.
1901-2-3-4— Frances Little.
1904 — Helen Douglass.
1905 — Delia Dunsmoor.
1905 — Helen Fisher.
Prize Reading (21)
1896-7— Mary Paddock (2).
1896-7— Emily Lucia (1).
1896 — Abbie Leonard.
1896-7 — Mary Harrison.
1898— Molly Butler.
1898-9 — Florence Douglass.
1899 — Jessie Woodworth.
1899— Anna Shephard (3).
1899— Helen Clark (3).
140 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA HELTA.
1900— Elizabeth Johnson.
1900— Bertha Field (2).
1900— Helen Clark (1).
1902— Delia Harding (1).
1902-3— Ethel Chapman.
1903 — Delia Dunsmoor.
1904— Gertrude Whittimore (2)
1904— Maud Mills.
1904 — Mary Joslvn.
1904 — Carrie Campbell.
1905 — Helen Douglass.
1905— Charlotte Baird.
1905— Blanche Kennedy.
1905 — Alice Hyzer.
Class Honors (20) — •
Vice Presidents (10) :
1893 — Annie L. Sherburne.
1896— Martha Needham.
1897— Carrie Deavitt.
1899— Mary Paddock.
1900— Madge McElroy.
1901— Bertha Field.
1902— Frances Little.
1902— Edith Johnson.
1904— Maud Mills.
1904— Delia Harding.
1905 — Gertrude Whittimore.
1905 — Carrie Campbell.
Book Committee :
1898 — Helen Hendee.
Essayist (3) :
1898 — Abbie Leonard.
1899— Mary Paddock.
1905 — Ethel Chapman.
1904 — Delia Harding.
1902 — Florence Douglass.
1905 — Delia Dunsmoor.
Prom. Committee (6) :
1898 — Emily Lucia (Junior).
1899 — Emily Lucia (Senior).
1902 — Frances Little (Sophomore).
1903 — Ethel Chapman (Sophomore.)
1905 — Delia Dunsmoor (Junior).
1907— Alice Fox (Junior).
Post Graduate Mention.
Abbie Katherine Leonard, A. M. (U. of V.), 1904. Post Graduate
Specialist University of Chicago.
Irene Lee ver Mehr, 6 years. Teacher of English, Magasaki, Japan.
Gertrude Perry, Teacher, Penetecostal Mission, Bulbano, Beror,
Delia Lee, student abroad.
Ethel Chapman, Preceptress, Lyndon Institute, Vt.
Phebe Towle, Botanical Research Work.
Theta Chapter Rooms.
chapter histories — theta. 141
The University of Vermont was founded in 1791, by the
State. It numbers :
Men students 468 475
Women 67 125
K A e, installed 1882; active members 13 13
II B #, installed 1898 ; active members 13 12
AAA, installed 1893 ; active members 15 10
Theta Chapter was installed at the University of Minne-
sota, Minneapolis, Minn., Feb. 21, 1894, by Almedia Laurson,
(Grand President) of Epsilon.
A group of girls as early as 1890 had made application for
a charter of Delta Delta Delta, but failing to satisfactorily group
the requisite number, they had become discouraged and finally
obtained a charter in another national sorority. In 1892, Louise
Robinson began correspondence with Sarah Ida Shaw, relative
to another petition, and at last the charter was granted to the
Florence Louise Robinson. Caroline Edgar.
Lucy Blanchard. Mary Isabelle Davidson.
Lydia May Plummer. Mary Chadbourne Smith.
Elizabeth Luce. Lillian Siegler.
A chapter room has always been maintained, where weekly
meetings are held. Social meetings are held once a month at
the homes of the town girls. Some three or four large dancing
parties are given during the year. On Chapter Day here the
Alumnae give the banquet. There is a Christmas celebration
and the spring brings either a steamer trip down the Mississippi
or lake excursions. Although this Chapter was preceded in the
field by four strong nationals, it at once took good standing and
has always been strong locally, as well as a Chapter assuming
willingly the responsibilities of the general sorority work.
142 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
The Third National Convention was really the first succes-
ful and representative one, the one that marked a success at-
tained, and this Convention was held with Theta Chapter and
with a Theta Chapter girl, Dr. Caroline Edgar Erdman, in the
chair as Grand President.
As the majority of the members are either Minneapolis or
St. Paul girls, no need of a Chapter House has been felt, but a
suite of four rooms has been rented for the present year and pro-
visions for a permanent fund made both by under-graduate work
and by alumnae pledges of $25.00 per capita.
Entertained Third National Convention, Aug. 24-26, 1897.
Caroline Edgar Erdman, Grand President, 1S94-1897.
Lela M. Klampe, Grand Historian, 1900-1902.
Louise Robinson Rhodes, Grand Vice President Gamma Province.
Louise Robinson Rhodes, Grand Vice President Gamma Province.
Phi Beta Kappa—
1896 — Mary Smith.
1896— Lydia M. Plummer.
1897— Kate McDermid.
1199— Kate Bennett.
1899— Effie Jacobsen.
1903— Alice Dyar.
1903— Ruth Babcock.
Sigma Xi —
1897— Claribel Angle.
1897— Kate McDermid.
1901— Edith Patch.
1902— Edith Thomas.
1906 — Fay Newton.-
Honors in Latin —
L. May Plummer.
Honors in German —
Honors in Mathematics —
Honors in French —
Woman's Council — ■
1905— Isabella Stene.
CHAPTER HISTORIES IOTA. 143
Staff of "Gopher" :
Alice Olds, 1900.
Ruth Babcock, 1902.
Eleanor Von Bodenstedt, 1903.
Artist of "Gopher" :
Ethel Palmer, 1906.
Y. W. C. A.—
President, Cara Adams, 1900.
Vice President, Edna Gould, 1905.
Presidency and Vice Presidency, 1906.
University Dramatics Club —
1906— Ethel Palmer.
Class Play :
Janet Priest, author, 1900.
Alice Dyar, author, 1902.
Post Graduate Mention.
Edith Thomas, Post Graduate, U. of Minn., Assistant Chem. Labora-
Caroline Edgar Erdman, D. D. S*.
Louise Robinson Rhodes, Journalist.
Janet Priest, Dramatic Reporter, after graduation ; actress, 1904-6.
Edith Patch, Government Entomologist, Maine Experimental Sta-
Louise Robinson Rhodes, Kate Bennett and Greta Smith, active in
Unity House Social Settlement Work.
The University of Minnesota was founded in 1868, by the
State. It numbers :
Men students 2550 2744
Women 1250 1200
K K r, installed 1880; active members 15 15
A T, installed 1882 ; active members 26 24
A <t>, installed 1890 ; active members 19 24
K A 9, installed 1890 ; active members 12 16
AAA, installed 1894 ; active members 15 14
r * B, installed 1902 ; active membe-s 2'J 21
II B $, installed 1890; withdrawn 1898.
IT B *, re-established 1906.
Iota Chapter was installed in the University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor, Mich., on Nov. 1st, 1894, at the home of Effie Lvnch
144 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Danforth, by Bessie Leach Priddy (Grand Vice President) and
Eva M. Rorick, both of Gamma Chapter.
This Chapter was organized in the earlier days of the fra-
ternity when the Grand Council alone voted upon the petition-
ing body and when investigations into local conditions were not
made in person. The splendid recommendations of the appli-
cants and the size of the student body promised well.
D. Zena Thomson. Almarene Orsborne.
Leonore Loxley. Effie Lynch Danforth
Harriet Brown. Josephine R. Powell.
Nellie M. Walters. Gertrude M. Brown.
Four others were initiated at that time : Ruth Wales Butterworth,
Blanche Young, Lucile Shelley, Harriette Averill.
This chapter up to July, 1900, had initiated thirty-two mem-
bers and pledged two. It graduated twenty-two members. All
the then existing women's fraternities were represented at Ann
Arbor, and Iota Chapter found the rivalry so bitter that they be-
lieved the situation made their members unhappy and gave no
benefit to the general fraternity. They decided to discontinue
their efforts and sending two delegates to the Fourth National
Convention, they loyally revealed the whole situation and vol-
untarily surrendered their charter. They were unanimously re-
leased and their delegates present given the Circle Degree with
power to create an Iota Aliance at their discretion.
Iota maintained a Chapter House during nearly her whole
history. Some of the girls were prominent in the work of the
Woman's League, in College Dramatics, and many of them re-
ceived advanced or professional degrees!, after their regular
college course. Many of them have also been located in positions
of honor and responsibility since their graduation.
Effie Lynch Danfurth was a teacher of Classics in a private
School for Girls in New York City in 1902-'06, also a student
of Archaeology in Rome, 1903. Blanche Boyle received the de-
gree of M'. D. at Ann Arbor, in 1904, having spent four years
for a literary course and two in medical ; after the Tri Delta
Chapter House was closed, she was a member of the woman's
medical fraternity. The Misses Reichman won distinction as
CHAPTER HISTORIES — IOTA. 145
scholars and one of them represented the Woman's League on
the Michigan State Federation of Woman's Clubs' program,
while the other took Post Graduate work at the University of
Chicago. Mary Field is assistant Matron in Maxwell Station
social settlement work in Chicago. Ruth Butterworth affiliated
The following was passed by the Cincinnati Convention and
appeared in Trident, Vol. IX, No. 4:
"The Delta Delta Delta Fraternity in convention assembled
at Cincinnati, O., this twenty-ninth day of June, 1900, desires to
make the following statement concerning her Iota Chapter at
Ann Arbor, Mich:
Owing to the rumors and the criticisms made against Iota
Chapter of A A A in the student body at Ann Arbor, Iota
Chapter has for same time contemplated the advisability of
voluntarily surrendering her charter.
This matter had been thoroughly investigated by members
of the Grand Council of A A A and came before this Convention
for consideration. The present Chapter was perfectly vindi-
cated. Yet, under the present conditions, it was deemed advis-
able to allow the Chapter to voluntarily surrender its charter, the
Convention expressing its entire confidence in the petitioning
Agnes Powers Dunning,
Harriet E. Stone,
Elizabeth Gibbs Palmer,
Grand Vice President of Beta Province.
Petition presented by Blanche Christine Boyle, Iota.
Entertained First Beta Convention, 1895.
Effie Danforth, Grand Vice President, Beta Province, 1902-1904.
The University of Michigan was founded in 1837, and open-
ed 1841. Has more than 4,000 students, and it has the greatest
number of national fraternities and sorority chapters of any
school in the United States, thirty-seven being located there.
146 history of delta delta delta.
K A 0, established 1879.
r <J> B, established 1882.
AT, established 1885.
n B # established 1888.
K K r established 1892.
A $ established 1894; withdrawn 1900 re-established —
AAA, established 1898 ; withdrawn 1900.
A X n established 1898.
X fi established 1906.
Kappa Chapter was installed in the University of Nebras-
ka, Lincoln, Neb., at Ashland, Neb., in the home of Dr. Von
Mansfelde, by Lora Allen, of Delta, on Nov. 28, 1894. Upsilon
Chapter was instrumental in its formation and the Chapter of
Delta Gamma there gave friendly aid, some of its members hav-
ing Tri Delta friends in Galesburg.
An unusual circumstance occurred here, as two groups of
girls were petitioners at the same time for a charter in Tri
Delta. But when the group headed by Miss Frankish and
Anita Muir, although later petitioners, received the affirmative
vote, their disappointed rivals offered friendly congratulations.
On Nov. 29, a reception introduced Kappa Chapter to the
Ellen Huntington Frankish. E. Anita Muir.
Duty Von Mansfelde. Sarah Vore Taylor.
Jo Von Mansfelde. Anna L. T. Vore.
Clara Louise Bryant. Helen Riley.
Mrs. Dorothy Bacon. Belle Von Mansfelde.
Initiated on the same evening:
Veda May Wilson. Ada Du Bois.
Kappa Chapter has supported a Chapter House for seven
years, excepting the year 1905-'06. This was due to poor
accommodations in available houses, rather than to any inability
on the part of the sorority. At present a beautiful home is
maintained in the heart of the city, one block irom the State
Capitol and next door to the Governor's Mansion. The Man-
sion might almost be called Kappa's second home, as its mis-
CHAPTER HISTORIES KAPPA. . 147
tress is an honorary member of Tri Delta and hospitably re-
ceives all the girls. During this year eleven girls occupy the
Lincoln Tri Delta House, a much larger number than is found
in any other sorority house in the city.
Kappa furnished her present home in a uniform style, with
gifts from active and alumnae members and several of the fra-
ternities, the weathered oak idea is very well carried out. She
prides herself on having not a "rooming place" but a complete
home in every sense of the word, and that idea prevails thro'
out the school in connection with the Tri Deltas' Lincoln quar-
ters. Mrs. Dr. Holyoke, a well known singer and a lady of
great prestige in local circles, owns the house and resides with
the girls. The Chapter is making plans for a still better home for
next year, and hope before many years to own a home.
The annual Thanksgiving banquet combines the celebra-
tion of Founder's Day and Chapter Day, and is made the elab-
orate event of the year. Upwards of seventy-five to a hundred
Kappa girls assemble at that time.
During the second semester, Kappa gives her large formal
annual dance, to which she invites members of outside soror-
ities. In the spring the ever enjoyable "Tri Delta Picnic" takes
place, and a series of receptions is given the Faculty.
Kappa Chapter made one of the best scholarship records
found among Lincoln sororities at the mid-semester report, and
has initiated eight very strong freshmen this year, beside sev-
eral good upper classmen. Mayme Hartley, a new initiate, re-
ceived a state commission to visit and report on social condi-
tions in the Philippine Islands, Gov. Poynter receiving her re-
port with sincere praise.
Kappa Chapter is now president of the local Pan-Hellenic
Association. 1905-'06 report recorded the following positions:
President University Girls Club, Second Asst. German De-
partment ; and members on Annual Board, Y. W. C. A. Cabinet,
Senior and Junior Societies, Freshman and Sophomore Basket
Ball Teams, German, Latin and English clubs.
Kappa will entertain the Eighth National Convention in the
summer of 1908.
Ellen Huntington Frankish, Grand Marshal, 1^97-1900.
Anna Taylor Vore, Grand Marshal, 1900-1902.
148 history of delta delta delta.
Phi Beta Kappa. (Only given for proficiency in Classics) —
1896— Sara Taylor Vore.
1900— Anna S. T. Vore.
1905 — Katherine Lumry.
1905 — Alma Vandeveer.
1897 Scholarship and Fellowship —
1897— Ellen H. Frankish.
1905 — Katherine Lumry (German and Psychology).
1905 — Alma Vandeveer.
1897— Nellie Dean.
1899— Daisy Bonnell.
Post Graduate Mention.
Ellen Frankish, Nellie Dean, teachers in the Academy.
Katherine Lumry, 1905, Fellowship in German.
Alma Vandeveer, 1905, Alumni Secretary.
Lavinia Steele, State Librarian, Des Moines, Iowa, won a Carnegie
Medal for Personal Bravery. (Miss Steele received this medal for brav-
ery shown in rescuing a young man, a student of the University of Iowa,
who had broken through the ice and was drowning ; she being a member
of the skating party at the time — 1905. Thus far she is the only woman
who has received a Carnegie medal for heroism.)
The University of Nebraska was founded in 1869. It is a
State institution. It numbers in average, men students 1440 ;
women 1120; faculty 200.
K K r, installed 1884; active members 19 17
A T, installed 1888 ; active members 17 16
K A 6, installed 1886; active members 19 22
AAA, installed 1894; active members 20 25
II B <t>, installed 1895 ; active members 23 21
X ft, installed 1903 ; active members 17 16
A O IT, installed 1903 ; active members 18 16
A <!>, installed 1906 ; active members 14
Lambda Chapter was installed at Baker University, Bald-
win, Kansas, Mar. 12, 1895, by Hattie Berry Morley, of Delta,
with whom a great deal of the correspondence preliminary to
petitioning for a charter had been conducted.
In the spring of 1890, a local sorority had been established
at Baker named the Zeta Iota Chi, with the ultimate object in
Kappa Chapter House.
Parlor, Lambda Chapter House.
Hall, Lambda Chapter House.
CHAPTER HISTORIES LAMBDA. 149
view of obtaining a charter from a national. Tri Delta was the
sorority chosen for first application and of the eight charter
members of Zeta Iota Chi, five later became members of Tri
Delta. The Petition was sent to Delta Delta Delta in Decem-
ber, 1894, and Dr. Caroline Edgar Erdman announced the af-
firmative vote on Mar. 1, 1895. On Tuesday night, Mar. 12,
twenty-one Zetas became Tri Deltas and on Mar. 13, at the home
of Mrs. Cutter, Lambda made its first formal appearance, giv-
ing a reception to the other societies and the faculty.
Mary Murray Hair. Georgiana Reed.
Mary Ives. Dora Markham.
Grace Breyfogle. Josephine Hilty.
Ethel Cavaness. Mary Follin.
Mrs. C. G. Markham. Mrs. Wood.
A Chapter house has' been successfully maintained for sev-
eral years. The parlor was furnished by the Alumnae, the re-
mainder by the Chapter. Their renting days they hope will soon
be over, as a new house has been built for them at a cost of $10,-
000.00, to be occupied in 1906-7 and which ulrfmately will be
' Meetings are held each Fridey night. A large formal
party is given each term and a Tri Delta breakfast during Com-
mencement Week. Last spring vacation brought a "House
Party" for the Chapter, given by Anna Hoch at her home, "The
Governor's Mansion," Topeka.
The banner for Lambda Chapter designed and executed by
Georgiana Reed, aroused much attention at the Third National
Convention (1897) and is perhaps the oldest elaborate one in the
sorority. It is painted in water colors on white satin and
swings from a golden rod by the tri-colored cord. The design
is the figure of Poseidon in a golden chariot, driving three
horses through the waves. In his right hand is the Trident, above
his head the Crescent, while there is a Star on the fore-head of
each horse. At the top of the banner, are emblazoned three
golden Deltas, while in the three triangular portions of the
lower part are the pine and the pansies.
150 History of delta delta delta.
Lambda Chapter had something of an interest in national
affairs last year, when their Anna Hoch was invited, as daugh-
ter of the Governor, E. W. Hoch, to stand as Sponsor at the
christening of the Battleship Kansas. The christening took
place Aug. 12, 1905, at Camden, N. J. Another Lambda
girl, Ora Allen, made the trip as part of the official party, to
act as Maid of Honor. The christening was effected with a
smooth and beautiful ceremony and Psi Chapter girls of Phila-
delphi having been invited for the occasion were there to witness
and to greet. The ceremony was also somewhat unique, as the
Kansas was the first battleship in the world to be christened
with water alone. The sponsor was presented with a bracelet
of dull gold ornamented with raised water lilies, encrusted with
emeralds and bearing on the inner side an appropriate inscrip-
Lambda reported the following positions for 1905-6 :
Assistants in Vocal and English Departments, Pianist for
Oratorio, "Creation," Society Commencement Orator, Vice-
President B. U. O. A., President and Cabinet Member Y. W.
C. A., and members on B. U. L. A. and Annual Board.
Entertained Third Gamma Province Convention, 1899.
Dora Clementine Markham, Grand Vice President, Gamma Province.
Edna Wharton Hoch, Grand Marshal, 1904-1906.
Edna Wharton Hoch, Grand Marshal, 1906-19CC.
Literary Society Commencement Orators —
Honors in Mathematics —
Inter-Society Oratorical Contest —
1903— Ethelyn Thorn (first place.)
Faculty Prize Contest —
1903 — Edna Wharton (second place.)
Senior Class Play —
1904 — Blanche Imboden.
Literary Society Commencement Program —
1905— Ora Allen, orator.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — SIGMA. 151
Literary Society Presidents —
1902— Edna Wharton.
1904— Celia Allen.
Post Graduate Mention.
Mary A. Follin, Nurses Training School, Topeka.
Josephine Hilty Kimmel, Professor of Music.
Harriet Kemp, Professor Latin and German.
Ida McDaniel, Professor English and History.
Mrs. Nelson Case, Instructor in Art.
Georgiana Reed, Dean of Art, Baker.
Beulah Wright, Dean of Oratory, University, Los Angeles, Cal.
Anna Hoch, sponsor for the Battleship "Kansas."
Edna Wharton Hoch, Journalism.
Lillian Hunsicker, Private Secretary to E. Randall, General Secre-
tary of Epworth League.
Baker University was founded 1858, and is Methodist Epis-
copal. It is the oldest college in Kansas. It numbers :
Men students 500 505
Women 400 495
N A, (Local) founded 1888; active members 25 26
AAA, installed 1895; active members 21 22 '
Sigma Chapter was installed at Wesleyan University, Mid-
dletown, Conn., Mar. 15, 1895, by Sarah Ida Shaw, (G. C. E.),
Emily F. Allen (Editor Trident), Grace L. Bond and S. Eliza-
beth Jones, all- of Alpha.
As early as 1891, the petitioning of Tri Delta for a charter
was agitated at Wesleyan, when Maud Muzzy, one of the first
year initiates of Alpha, was a student there and Sarah Ida Shaw
was a teacher at Meriden, eight miles away. No plans ma-
terialized, however, until thirteen girls in A. K. U.; an open so-
ciety in the University, began under the leadership of Mary
McKay to think and plan for a national sorority chapter. When
it came to a question o'f which sorority it should be, one of their
number, Anna J. Kellogg was urgent for an application to be
made first to Tri Delta, she having become interested in Tri
152 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Delta while a pupil of Miss Shaw's at Meriden. Finally a
delegate, Grace Bunnell, was sent to Alpha Chapter and upon
her return the petition was immediately drawn up and formally
On March 19, the local sororities then existing there, Phi
Sigma and A. K. U. tendered to Sigma Chapter of A A A the
first national sorority there, a reception in recognition of their
Elizabeth C. Stocking. Isabella Jameson Church.
Frances Louise Weeks. Mary Annie McKay.
Annie Josephine Kellogg. Lucy Osborne Searle.
Elizabeth Halsey Rogers. Carrie Tappan Brown.
Mary Abbie Adams. Olivia Howell Hatfield.
Mary Grace Bunnell. Elizabeth Cookman Stevens.
Sarah Bertha Tucker.
A Chapter room is maintained where meetings are held every
Friday evening. The celebration of initiation, Founders' Day
and Chapter Day are here the only formal social events but many
informal affairs are given at the homes of resident members and
alumnae. Sigma girls have always been active in class, literary
societies, college publications and Y. W. C. A., and have en-
joyed their quota of honors. They have been girls above the
average in scholarship and the Chapter percentage of graduation
In 1905 and 1906, Sigma held the presidency of '06, four
speakers on class day, and every important Y. W. C. A. office.
Mary McKay, Grand Treasurer, 1897-1900.
Sarah Tucker Kurt, Grand Vice President, Alpha Province, 1900-
Lucy Osborne Searle, Grand Treasurer, 1902-1904.
Phi Beta Kappa and High Honors —
1902 — Elizabeth Parkhurst Peck.
Phi Beta Kappa and Second Honors —
1896 — Mary Annie McKay.
1896 — Lucy Osborne Searle.
1897 — Mary Abbie Adams.
1897 — Carrie Tappan Brown.
1897 — Cornelia Augusta Meeks
1899 — Charlotte Benson Frost
1902 — Eldora Josephine Birch.
1902 — Alice Winifred English.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — SIGMA. 153
1902 — Margaret Griswold.
1903— Marv Elizabeth Bagg.
1905— Ruth Dean.
1905 — Clara Frances Sykes.
1906 — Margaret Elizabeth Donahoe.
1906— Faye Mildred Keene.
lf>97 — Mary Grace Bonnell.
1897 — Elizabeth Caramossie Wright.
Rice Prise in Mathemetics:
1900 — Alice Winifred English.
1905 — Margaret Donahoe.
1900 — Alice Winifred English.
1905— Ruth Dean.
Chemistry — ■
1895— Bertha Tucker.
1895— Bertha Tucker.
Romance Languages :
1896 — Annie Josephine Kellogg.
1897 — Mary Abbie Adams.
1897 — Carrie Tappan Brown.
Post Graduate Mention.
Mary A. Adams, Teacher French and German, Beaver College,
Ernestine Rose, Librarian Wesleyan University.
Lucy O. Searle, Preceptress, Kimball Union Academy, Meriden,
Charlotte Manning, Government Experimenter, Wesleyan.
Eleanor Newell, Elizabeth H. Rogers, Ethel G. Reynolds, '05, Stu-
Wesleyan University was founded 1831 and is Methodist
Episcopal. It numbers :
Men students 275 303
Women ' 30 31
AAA, installed 1895 ; active members 10 11
Z E, (local) founded 1895 ; active members 5 8
(Became r chapter of A T A in 1906.)
154 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Upsilon Chapter was installed at Northwestern University,
Evanston, 111., June 1st, 1895, by Eleanor Milchrist, Epsilon, and
Hattie (Berry) Morely, of Delta. The girls began working for
their petition early in the year, their aim from the first being Tri
Delta. They did not receive their charter until late in the year
as one of the eastern Chapters was dubious about granting a
charter so far west. Initiation was hurried through on June 1
before the girls separated for the summer. The next fall but five
returned and then the struggle began. With six strong sororities
already in the field the new one had to fight for its existence. But
at the end of the year the Chapter numbered 15. It was put on
a firm basis and has flourished ever since.
Lottie Watson. May Hadley.
Frances Watson. Eleanor Johnston.
Grace Clongh. Adelaide Watrous.
Elsie Chandler. Cora Ellis.
Mrs. Ellen Eastman Lacy. Mrs. Louise Von Grotenhuis.
The sororities at Northwestern University have their fra-
ternity rooms on the fourth floor of one of the women's dor-
mitories. Here they hold meetings every week, feeling very
secure in their little "sky-parlor." The time of the meeting is
from five to seven, social and business sessions are combined, a
supper being served by a committee of three each time.
In former years, the sororities were not compelled to pay
room rent, but this year there is some talk of charging from
$25.00 to $50.00 per year for a room, according to the size of the
Upsilon Chapter owns its furnishings and tries each year to
add something in the way of china, silver, pictures, or anything
that the Chapter is especially in need of. A piano is the next
thing in view.
The important social functions for each year are Informal
Dance for Initiates, Initiation Banquet, Formal Dance for other
Sororities, Christmas Party, and Alumnae Luncheon.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — UPSILON. 155
One of the peculiar local customs is on certain days of field
sports to have a "Sorority Dash/' where each sorority has its
colors worn by a runner. The silver, gold and blue has been
first at the goal its share of times in this mock trial of strength,
just as it has also achieved distinction in its real trials.
Entertained fourth Beta Province Convention, December, 1905.
Annie L. Dyar, Grand Marshal, 1902-1904.
Amy Olgen, Grand Secretary, 1904-1906.
Amy Olgen, AAA Delegate Third, Fourth and Fifth Inter-Soror-
ity Conferences, 1904-5-6.
Amy (Olgen) Parmelee, Grand President, 1906-1908.
Myra Powers, Grand Vice President of Beta Province, 1906-1908.
Phi Beta Kappa—
1896— Grace Clough.
1898— Eva Barker.
1898 — Terresa Metcalf.
1900 — Anne Metcalf.
1901 — Mary Ferris.
1901— Anne Dyar.
1902— Isabel Low.
1904— Amy H. Olgen.
Syllabus Board (College Annual) —
1896— Cora Ellis.
1897 — Isabel Bowen.
1898— Eva Barker.
1898— Terresa Metcalf.
1900 — Anne Metcalf.
1901— Mary Ferris.
1902 — Rogerta Dickenson.
1903— Daisy Thomas.
1904— Edna Wilcox.
1904 — Amy Olgen.
1906— Lila Snell.
1907— Ruth Minium.
1907— Rena Handv.
1908— Zeta Massev.
1909— Isabella Sanders.
German Play —
1901-1902— Helen M. Handy.
Junior Play —
1S97— Terresa Metcalf.
1899— Bessie Baker.
1902— Daisy Thomas.
1905 — Myra Powers.
Declamation Contest —
1897— Cora Ellis.
1897— Terresa Metcalf.
Northwestern College Paper :
1904— Leola Allard. Woman Editor.
156 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Northwestern College Paper, Woman's Edition :
1902 — Amy Olgen, Business Manager.
1903 — Daisy Thomas, News Editor.
1904— Leola Allard, Editor-in-Chief.
1904 — Amy Olgen, Literary Editor.
1906 — Grace Harris, Assistant Editor.
1906 — Amy Olgen, Alumnae Editor.
The Northwestern Magazine:
1904 — Amy Olgen, Associate Editor.
1904 — Leola Allard, Literary Board.
1906-7 — Grace Harris, Literary Board.
Class Day Officers —
Class President — Amy Olgen (Junior Year).
Class Vice President — Grace Jamieson, 1905.
Class Vice President — Rena Handy, 1906-7.
1898— Terresa Metcalf, Prophet.
1898— Eva Barker, Bard.
1903 — Daisy Thomas, Ivy Orator.
1903 — Rogerta Dickenson, Bard.
1904 — Amy Olgen, Prophet.
1906 — Grace Harris, Prophet.
1901 — Hope Maine, Captain Basket Ball Team.
1905-6— Lottie Wilcox, Captain Basket Ball Team, class of 1909.
Post Graduate Mention.
Cora Ellis, A. B., '97, post graduate work in German, is. U., Ev-
Grace Hickox, Oratory, '03, very successful as a dramatic reader,
private teacher, dramatic coach, Ravenswood, 111.
Helen Lawrence, '06, American Conservatory of Music, Chicago.
Amy Olgen, '04, Y. W. C. A. Secretary, 1904-6, Northwestern Uni-
Grace Harris, 1906-7, Preceptress of Chapin Hall Dormitory, work
for Master's Degree.
Anne Dyar, Teachers' College, Columbia. Received her Master's
Eva Barker, M. A., 1898, Northwestern University.
Mabel Postlewaite, B. O., 1906, School of Expression, Chicago Mus-
Linda M. Clatworthy, Librarian of Dayton Public Library; member
of American Library Association and Ohio Library Association ; contrib-
utor to "Library Journal" and public libraries.
Helen M. Handy, 1901-2, post graduate work in German, North-
Mary Ferris, Asst. Cashier Citizens' Bank, Princeton, 111.
Northwestern University was founded in 1851. It is Metho-
dist Episcopal. In the Liberal Arts Department, it numbers,
Men students 457
Women students 394
CHAPTER HISTORIES NU. 157
In all departments, 1906 :
A % installed 1681; active members 17 20
A r, installed 1882; active members 17 18
K K r, installed 1882; active members 14 15
K A 0, installed 1887; active members 11 16
T * B, installed 1888; active members 18 18
n B *, installed 1894; active members 12 16
AAA, installed 1895 ; active members 19 18
X ft, installed 1901; active members 12 9
Z * H (oratory), installed 1893; active members 13 12
A X ft (music), installed 1890; active members 12 18
2 A I (music), installed 1904; active members 12 9
Nu Chapter was installed at the Ohio State University, Col-
umbus, Ohio, Mar. 31, 1896, at the residence of Fannie Rock-
well, by Bessie Leach Priddy, of Gamma, assisted by Harriet
Averill, of Iota, and Mrs. Baldwin, Lavina R. Perrin, Florence
Lawler, Bessie dollar, Julia Bentley and Julia E. Closterman,
of Zeta, and Ruth Butterworth of Iota and Zeta. Sarah Ida
Shaw Martin was influential in the formation of this Chapter. A
reception to various university people followed the initiation at
the residence of Prof. Kellerman. It was appropriate that
Gamma and Zeta should aid in this installation, as two of Nu's
charter members had received inspiration from these Chapters.
Ivy Kellerman. Edna Armstrong.
Helen Mills. Gertrude Nichol.
Olive Shurtz. Florence James.
Fanny Rockwell. Bessie Long.
Meetings have been held at the homes on each Saturday
night, a goodly number of the girls being residents of the city.
During the past year, however, a chapter room has been rented.
The initiation banquet is made an Alumnae reunion affair,
the mid-winter term sees a formal reception and dance combined,
and the spring a tally-ho ride, village dance and supper, or
something largely informal.
158 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Nu Chapter of A A A has received a larger representation
on the Phi Beta Kappa list since its installation than any other
sorority at the University.
The year 1905-1906 recorded the following positions for this
Master of Programs in Literary Society.
Society Editor, College paper.
Business Manager and six girls in Glee Club.
Y. W. C. A. President and four Y. W. C. A. cabinet officers.
Literary Editor of Year Book.
Four members in Class Play.
One girl in Dramatic Club.
The Historians of the first and third year class.
1906 Class Prophecy.
Ivy Kellerman, Grand Treasurer, 1900-1902.
Ivy Kellerman, AAA Delegate Inter- Sorority Conference, 1902.
English, O. S. U., Mima Weaver, (2 years).
Rhetoric, O. S. U., Clara Ewalt, (2 years').
Chicago University, Ivy Kellerman.
Phi Beta Kappa (Instituted 1905)—
Edith Rees, 1901.
Ivy Kellerman, 1898.
Sue Garman, 1903.
Mima Weaver, 1903.
Class Honors —
Nan Cannon, 1901.
Mima Weaver, 1903.
Adelia Scatterday, 1907.
Edith Hopkins, 1901.
Cora Roberts, 1906.
Clara Ewalt, 1901.
Ivy Kellerman, 1898, (Editor-in-chief;.
Glee Club —
Leader, 1904-5 and 1905-6— Cora Ruth Roberta
Post Graduate Mention.
Ivy Kellerman, A. M., Cornell 1899 ; Ph. D., Chicago University
1904 (magna cum laude) ; 1905, student abroad; 1906-7, student Royai
University of Berlin.
Mima Weaver, A. M., O. S. U.
Nan Cannon, Journalism.
Josephine Thrall, Journalism.
Bertha Hopkins, in charge of gymnasium work, O. S. U.
O micron Chapter House.
chapter histories omicron. 159
Ohio State University was founded 1870, opened 1873.
Non-sectarian. It numbers :
Men students 1600 1694
Women 280 320
K K T, installed October, 1888; active members 11 19
K A 0, installed May 24, 1892; active members 12 14
II B #, installed April 5, 1894; active members 16 17
AAA, installed March 31, 1896; active members 13 15
Omicron Chapter was installed at Syracuse University,
Syracuse, N. Y., Oct. 30 and 31, 1896, by Sara Ida Shaw Martin,
of Alpha, assisted by Edith M. Wait, Bertha Jackson and Loraine
Thomas, of Beta, Annie Sherburne and Emily Lucia, of Eta, and
Mabel Terry, of Gamma.
The petitioners had been a local since 1895, known as Chi
Alpha, organized by Mrs. B. W. Brown and Ethel Embury for
the purpose of securing a charter in a national. Ten names ap-
peared upon the petition to Delta Delta Delta, which petition
was granted in something over a year after its presentation. The
initiation service took place at the home of Mrs. B. W. Brown,
on Crouse Avenue, during the afternoon of October thirtieth and
was probably more elaborate than ever before attempted. In the
evening a reception followed at the home of Ethel Embury and
upon the evening of October thirty-first was the installation of
officers and a banquet at Hotel Vanderbilt. All of the women's
sororities entertained in honor of Omicron.
Evelyn F. Allen. Josephine M. Brown.
Ethel E. Embury. Anna J. Hollis.
Daisy Boone. Bessie Stinard.
Ethelberta Timbrell. Mae Maltby.
Alberta Perry. Agnes Reed.
Initiated the same evening were:
Patty Braley. Maude Southworth.
Maud Winters. Ruth Ward.
Clara Johnson. Bertha Whitman.
160 history of delta delta delta.
Mrs. D. Corbin. Mrs. F. Losey.
Mrs. F. Holzworth.
A Chapter House has been successfully maintained from the
very first year. The first house was at 301 Marshall St., the
present one is at 301 Waverly Avenue. The house is owned by
Prof. Holzworth, the husband of an honorary member. It con-
tains fifteen rooms, $1500.00 worth of furniture has been accum-
ulated, a rental of $660.00 a year is paid and the Chapter is cre-
ating an endowment fund by a $25.00 per capita graduate tax.
The annual events with this Chapter are a Freshmen Party, a
Mother's and Patroness Party, Alumnae Reception, Initiation
Banquet and Senior Banquet. Last year a reception was given
to all other sororities and to the Faculty on October second.
Fresh and pleasant in the memory of one hundred and sev-
enty-five Tri Deltas, representing every Chapter and Alliance, are
the days of the Seventh National Convention in Syracuse, and to
Omicron Chapter is gathered its full measure of praise and
gratitude for the purely unselfish, caretaking and thoughtful man-
ner in which the Convention was entertained. The business
ability of the Chapter took care of major and minor matters so
uniformly well that the Convention was able to accomplish an
unprecedented amount of business most easily, and business and
pleasure met and mingled and parted with correct measure and
Omicron graduated twelve girls this year and ten of these
took the Model Initiation Rites of the Third or Circle Degree be-
fore the assembled Convention.
Omicron entertained Seventh National Convention, June 25-29, 1906.
Carolyn Spencer, Grand Vice President, Alpha Province, 1902-1906.
Phi Beta Kappa—
1903— Bertha Beach.
1903 — Jessie Worden.
1904 — Jennie Brown.
1904— Claudia Allen.
1904 — Minnie Crofoot.
Second Prize, Chancellor's Oratorical Contest —
1903— Claudia Allen.
Crouse Chapel Where 1906 Convention Was Held.
Dormitory Where 1906 Convention Delegates Were Entertained.
Mu Chapter House.
Mu Chapter House.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — MU. 161
good per cent graduated "Cum Laude" in 1906 —
Y. W. C. A.—
1905 — Lyla Johnston, Vice President.
1906-7 — Lyla Johnston, President.
No record has been kept of previous honors or of class, liter-
ary, society or editorial positions enjoyed.
Post Graduate Mention.
Stella Walrath, University Scholarshio; student in Vienna, 1904;
Evelyn Allen, prominent Syracuse Journalist and club woman.
Maud Southworth, P. G., Syracuse, student in Germany.
Minnie Crofoot, A. M., 1905, Syracuse University.
Syracuse University was founded in 1870, and is Methodist.
Men students 1350 1453
Women 1150 1323
A $, installed 1872 ; active members 24 30
T # B, installed 1874 ; active members 29 29
K K r, installed 1883 ; active members 27 27
K A 9, installed 1889 ; active members 23 25
n B <i>, installed 1896 ; active members 27 28
AAA, installed 1896; active members 26 30
A T, installed 1900 ; active members 22 24
Z <£, (medical), installed 1901; active members 22
* M E (musical), installed 1902; active members -...».. 20 25
ASA, installed 1904 ; active members 19 22
A T A, (local), installed 1904 ; active members 20 20
P B T (Art), installed 1904 ; active members
2 K, installed 1905; active members 15 18
A X O, installed 1907.
Mu Chapter was installed in the University of Wisconsin,
Madison, Wis., April, 1, 1898, by Eva Barker and Ethel Mackin-
tosh, of Upsilon, and the inspiration for its formation came from
this Chapter. There was no public local organization before the
charter was granted. The idea had its origin in a group of four
102 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
girls who were rooming in the same house, but no plan was con-
ceived until some time after the rumors had begun to float in
the college circles that a new sorority was to be organized.
Three of the girls remained in their junior year, and with the
available material which they saw, they considered that the time
was ripe for a serious effort. The application was sent in the
late fall. Just before the holiday vacation, Mrs. Elizabeth Gibbs
Palmer, Vice President of Beta Province, came to inspect the
girls. In March, news was received of a favorable decision, and
the initiation ceremonies and banquet were held at the home of
one of the girls, on the evening of Friday, April 1st.
Florence Allen. Adda Westenhaver.
Jessie Nelson. Lillian Richards.
Gertrude Stillman. Clara Pfisterer.
Daisy Campbell. Mary Dopp.
Mrs. D. B. Frankenburger. Mrs. J. B. Parkinson.
Mrs. J. W. Hobbins.
In 1903, this chapter made a three year lease of a Chapter
House and in 1903 renewed the same lease for two years. Be-
sides meeting a rental expense of $840.00 a year, Mu Chapter has
furnished its home with credit to itself. A furniture fund was
started at first by each alumna giving ten dollars and each active
girl twenty dollars. Since that time substantial additions have
been made each year out of the profits of house-keeping and also
many handsome gifts have been received from alumna. The
treasurer's books for 1905-6 showed the year's expenditures to
have been $3,400.25. There are seventeen rooms in this house
and fourteen girls have lived in it the past year.
Besides the informal dancing, card and dinner parties given
each year at the Chapter House, one formal and two informal
parties are given in rented halls. The freshmen annually enter-
tain the freshmen of the other sororities by a formal reception
and each of the other classes entertain once a year.
During 1905-1906, the Presidency of the Girl's Athletic
Association was held by this Chapter and an active part taken in
this line of work by many of the members.
chapter histories mu. 163
Clara L. Stillman, Grand Vice President Beta Province, 1902-1904.
Merle S. Pickford, Grand Treasurer, 1904-1906.
Merle S. Pickford, Grand Treasurer, 1906-1908.
Phi Beta Kappa—
1899— Gertrude Stillman.
1900 — Florence E. Allen.
1902— Merle S. Pickford.
1903— Theo B. Pickford.
er Board —
1899— Marv Dopp.
1899— Gertrude Stillman (Sec).
1900— Florence Allen.
1901— Clara Stillman.
1902— Merle S. Pickford.
1903 — Grace Dixon.
1904— Ethel Redfield.
1906 — Rowena Whittier.
1907— Sadie Place.
Cardinel Woman's Edition —
1904— Martha Whittier.
Commencement Orator —
1898 — Jessie Nelson.
Self -Government Association —
189H — Jessie Nelson (Pres.)
1899— Gertrude Stillman (Pres/'
1901— Clara Stillman (Pres.)
1902— Merle S. Pickford (Pres.)
1900— Florence E. Allen (Pres )
1901— Clara Stillman (Sec.)
1903 — Julia Anderson (Pres.)
1904— Martha Whittier (Pres.)
Class Honors —
1898 — Jessie L. Nelson (Ivy Orator.)
1898— Clara Stillman (V. Pres.)
1899— Daisy Campbell (Hist.)
1901— Clara Stillman (Sec.)
1901— Theo. Pickford (Hist.)
1902— Ethel Redfield (Hist.)
Oratorical Association —
1903 — Julia Anderson (V. Pres.)
Y. W. C. A.—
1902— Merle Pickford (Cabinet).
1905— Ethel Redfield (V. Pres.)
1906 — Winifred Macomber (Cabinet).
Girls' Glee Club —
1903— Elsie Allen.
1903 — Lela Anderson.
1906 — Grace Hobbins.
164 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA
Athletic Association —
1905 — Frances Johnson (Sec.)
1905 — Rowena Whittier (Manager).
1906 — Grace Hobbins (President).
Junior Ex. —
1898 — Jessie Nelson.
1903 — Julia Anderson.
Soph Contest —
1901 — Julia Anderson.
Honors on Theses —
1902— Merle S. Pickford.
Basket Ball —
1898— Clara Pfisterer.
1899 — Mary Dooo.
1901— Ethel Redfield.
1902-3-4— Lida Middleton.
1903 — Anna Middleton.
1903— Rowena Whittier (Captain).
1903— Martha Whittier.
1904— Martha Whittier (Captain).
1906 — Sadie Place (Captain).
1906 — Margaret Cawley.
1906 — Grace Hobbins ( Captain V
Bowling League —
1906— Sadie Place (Head).
1906 — Annabel Hutton.
Post Graduate Mention.
Florence E. Allen, B. L., University of Wisconsin, 1900; M. L.,
University of Wisconsin, 1901; Instructor in Mathematics, U. of W., 1901.
Kate L. Hocking, B. L., University of Wisconsin, 1902; M. L., Uni-
versity of Wisconsin, 1903.
Martha Whittier, B. A., University of Wisconsin, 1904; M. A.,
Ewing College, 1906 ; Instructor in Latin and Greek, Ewing College,
1904 ; Dean of Women, Bellevue College, Bellevue, Neb.
The University of Wisconsin was founded in 1848, by the
State. It numbers:
Men Student; ..2617
K K r, installed 1875 ; active members 29 2fl
A r, installed 1881 ; active members 28 29
r # B, installed 1884; active members 26 25
K A e, installed 1890; active members 25 24
II B *, installed 1894; active members 22 27
Xi Chapter Rooms.
ire at Baltimore, Md., (1904).
CHAPTER HISTORIES — XL 165
A #, installed 1896; active members 27 22
AAA, installed 1898 ; active members 22 22
X O, installed 1902; active members -.20 20
A X O, installed 1903 ; active members 7 8
ASA, installed 1905; active members 23
ATA, installed 1906 ; active members 16
Xi Chapter was installed in the Woman's College, Baltimore,
M'd., Nov. 25, 1898, at the Hotel Allamount, Eutaw Place, by
Elizabeth Gibbs Palmer, of Gamma Chapter, Grand Vice Presi-
dent of Beta Province. The local called Tau Delta, petitioned
Delta Delta Delta because Lida Kirk had a friend in Omicron
Chapter, Lena May Corbin and because they liked a stray copy
of the Trident.
Alice Mallalieu, '99. Anna Hoffman, '99.
Lida V. Kirk, '00. Daisy King, '99.
Elizabeth Tumbleson, '00. Louise Stahn, '01.
Estelle Roehle, '00. Norma Round, '01.
Anna Harrison, '99.
Following the custom of the College, this Chapter has no
Chapter House but a room for meeting in one of the Dormitories,
Glitner Hall. This they have furnished in Mission style. Here
are held Thursday afternoon teas each week. Business meetings
are called each Saturday evening. Meetings occur once a month
in the homes of the alumnae. "A Coming Out Party" for new
members and a "Year End Banquet" are annual features.
The Pan-Hellenic movement among the women's sororities
has been especially successful here and the report of one member
of Xi, Miss Sara La Maistre Johnson, on the local Pan-Hellenic
Association and its work, which was made at the solicitation of
the officers of the Second Inter-sorority Conference, commanded
wide attention and interest in fraternity and college circles.
See Trident, Vol. XIII, No. 3.
With this chapter rested the burden of the editing and pub-
lishing of the Trident for three years, from 1902-1905. The
ability to accept and perform this work was remarkable in so
young a chapter, it having been established but four years when
the work was undertaken. The burdens put upon the home and
166 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
business life of Baltimore by the great fire made it impossible
to continue in this work but the volumes of the magazine issued
here remain as a monument to the industry, energy and good
taste of their management.
This Chapter also has the honor of mothering the edition of
the first song book, Nov., 1905.
A commendable loyalty to an enthusiasm for the Alma
Mater was evidenced at Baltimore, when for 1905-'0G all the
sororities turned into the fund for the college debt what would
have been used for social affairs and held simple and inexpensive
little events for themselves.
Elizabeth Tumbleson, Grand Secretary, 1900-1904.
Elizabeth Tumbleson Leutscher, Grand President, 1904-1906.
E. Anna Harrison, Editor of Trident, 1902-1904.
Mary Taylor Abercrombie, Editor of Trident, 1905.
Mildred Rife, Business Manager Trident, 1902-1905.
Louise Stahn, Editor of First Fraternity Song Book, Nov. 1905.
Phi Beta Kappa (Instituted, 1904) —
Scholarship to Wood's Hole —
Mary T. Abercrombie.
Scholarship to Cold Spring Harbor —
Marv G. Lentz.
D. A. R. Prise Essay —
Mary G. Lentz.
Annua! Oratorical Contest, 1904 —
Sara L. M. Johnson.
Prcs. Pan-Hellenic Association —
Sara L. M. Johnson.
Senior Dramatics —
Glee Club and Choir —
Kalends Board —
Contributor's Club —
Claudia Ellsworth (V. Pres.)
CHAPTER HISTORIES PI. 167
Y. IV. C. A.—
Helen Greene (Pres )
Positions of honor held by this Chapter during 1905-6 —
President Y. W. C. A.
President College Choir.
Glee Club — 3 members.
Basket Ball — 2 members.
Senior Dramatics — G members.
Presentation speech on Class Day (Helen Greene).
Post Graduate Mention.
Anna Hoffman, Two Year Special in Phys. Research, Johns Hop-
Mary Lentz Johnson, A. M., Laboratory Assistant in Anatomy.
Norman Round, Special Graduate Nurse.
The Women's College at Baltimore was founded 1885 and
opened 1888. It is Methodist Episcopal. It numbers :
Women students 32l 328
A F, installed 1191; active members 12 • 16
T K II, local founded 1891; active members 16 20
A <!>, installed 1891, active members 16 15
r $ JB, installed 1893; active members 16 11
K A 9, installed 1896 ; active members 16 14
n B <i>, installed 1897 ; active members 14 12
AAA, installed 1898; active members 17 12
Pi Chapter was installed at the University of California,
Berkeley, (San Francisco & Hamilton), Cal., April 14, 1900, by
a member of Kappa Chapter of Delta Delta Delta, then a student
at Leland Stanford University, Dorothy Bacon (Mrs. J. H. Mc-
The initiation took place at the home of Louise Hamlin
Johnson. Mary Ratcliffe and Louise Johnson were taken first
and then assisted with the remainder of the initiation service.
Julia May Abbott. Martha Elizabeth Aiker.
Corinne Carter. Florence Gertrude Howard.
Eleanor Stewart Hammack. Evelyn Martianna Ratcliffe. -
Louise Hamblin Johnson. Katherine Courtenay Johnston.
Frances Vic Carter.
168 history of delta delta delta.
Mrs. Louis Titus. Mrs. Eleanor Love Moore.
A Chapter House is maintained, leased for five years at a
rent of $840.00 a year, the furniture of which has all been pur-
chased by the Chapter and is of a handsome character.
Dances, general Receptions, Faculty Receptions, and weekly
informal evenings at Chapter House constitute the amusements.
The list of college honors speaks plainly for the great activ-
ity of these girls in all phases of college life. While the earth-
quake and fire at San Francisco was a great disaster to Universi-
ty circles, yet Pi Chapter had much for which to be thankful,
even in the midst of her great sorrow. Their president, Louise Reid,
lost two sisters and a niece, killed by falling buildings at Santa
Rosa, and Violet Patterson lost her home in San Francisco.
Many of the chapters of the different sororities and fraternities
there lost a very heavy per cent of their enrollment through this
great disaster, but Pi has commenced 1906-'07 with new cour-
age and bright prospects.
The following college positions were reported for 1905-'06 :
Assistant in Chemistry ; tennis champion ; captain Freshman
Basket Ball team ; secretary A. W. S. ; members on Prytanean,
Senior Play, College Annual, Musical Club, Treble Clef, and
K. Courtenay Johnston, Grand Vice President Gamma Province,
K. Courtenay Johnston, largest contributor to Song book and com-
piler of pamphlet on Chapter House Ownership.
Phi Beta Kappa —
1901 — Evelyn Marianna Ratcliffe.
1903— Mary Edith McGrew.
Scholarship Medal —
1903— Mary Edith McGrew.
Honorable Mention —
1902 — Frances Vic Carter.
1903— Ruth McGrew.
"Blue & Gold" College Annual :
1900 — K. Courtenay Johnston.
1904 — Florence Isabelle Dodge.
Pi Chapter House, 1901-1904.
Pi Chapter House, 1904-1907.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — PI. 169
1904 — Mary Durand.
1907— Jemima Pruitt.
1908— Alice W. Porterfield.
1900 — K. Courtenay Johnston.
1904 — K. Courtenay Johnston.
Pelican Woman's Edition :
1905 — Florence Dodge.
1907 — Jessie L. Bowers.
Tennis Championship —
1902-3-4— Ethel Ratcliff.
Pres. Association Women Students —
1901 — Grace Eton Woods.
Prytanean Honor Societv —
1900 — K. Courtenay Johnston.
1902— Grace Woods.
1902— Ruth McGrew.
1903— Hazel McGraw.
1904— Ethel Ratcliff.
1905 — Florence Dodge.
The report for 1904 and 1905 shows besides honors listed,
great class activity and early work in the
University Dramatic Association,
Mask & Dagger Society,
Treble Clef Club,
Y. W. C. A.,
Sports and Pastime Club, and
Associated Women Students, on the part of various members.
Post Graduate Mention.
Edith McGrew, A. M. U. of Cal., made Instructor in Latin at U. of
Henrietta Wade, S. M., Georgia Ratton, S. L., Post Graduate U. of
Cal., Master's Degrees.
Ruth McGrew, post graduate, Chicago University.
The University of California was founded in 1868 by the
State. It numbered in 1905, men students, 1414 ; women, 1019 ;
Faculty, 274, in Berkley. Affiliated Colleges of San Francisco
increase the number of men to 1997, women 1280. 1906 reports
men 2650 ; women to 1300.
K A 9, installed 1890 ; active members 19 18
r * B, installed 1894; active members 20 22
170 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
K K r, installed 1880; withdrawn.
re-established 1897; active members 22 19
II B <£, installed 1900 ; active members 14 18
AAA, installed 1900 ; active members 18 15
A <E>, installed 1901; active members 15 19
A B 2, (local) installed 1901 ; active members 12
X O, installed 1903; active members 13 15
A O n, installed 1907; from local A B 2 19
A r, 1907.
Rho Chapter was installed at Barnard College, Columbia
University, New York City, June 6, 1903, by Sarah Bartlett
Hayes, (Grand President), Alpha, Elizabeth Tumbleson, (Grand
Secretary), Xi, Carolyn Spencer, (Grand Vice President, Alpha
The petitioning - body was a Barnard local, bearing a gold
question mark for a badge. This was chosen as a question mark
turned upside down represents a small delta.
After initiation, Rho Chapter gave a luncheon at Hotel Ma-
jestic in honor of the delegates.
Edith May Appell. Sarah Ellen Shelley.
Laura Randolph Seguine. Marion Elizabeth Prynn Ball.
Harriet Estelle Werts. Amelia Maude Robinson.
Lena Adele Miller. Helena Schnessler.
Anna Tallman Waring. Rose Johnston.
Edith Adell Granger.
Although this is a young chapter in a school where many
other fraternities have preceded it, yet the three years of its
existence record a goodly number of undertakings.
In social lines, 1903-1904 hold in its list two formal dances,
at Brinkerhoff Hall, three Theatre Parties, Initiate's Luncheon
at Sherry's, Opening Luncheon at White Plains, Pan-Hellenic
Reception besides many minor affairs.
The first formal party of 1904-1905 was a dance, then came
a Luncheon at the Manhattan, followed by a Theatre Party giv-
en in honor of Janet Priest, of Theta, who was "Muggsy" in the
""Maid and the Mummy Company," playing in New York at that
time. An initiation luncheon and a luncheon at White Plain?
were the other larger attempts.
Rho Chapter Rooms.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — RHO. 171
In 1904-1905, there was a dance in December, Reception to
other Sororities in February, a Valentine Party, an Easter Party,
an Initiation Luncheon in April, and a Reception to other Soror-
ities in May, in honor of the Visiting Delegate.
During 1905-1906, the Chapter rented two rooms on West
124th Street. Annie Fisher, 1905, gave the use of some of the
furniture, the remainder being presented by other members of
the Chapter. Twenty-five dollars a month rent was paid for the
apartment during the college year:
Marian E. P. Ball, Grand Secretary, 1906-1908.
One scholarship for Yale taken.
A scholarship for year Feb. 1907, Feb. 1908, taken in Barnard.
1904 — School for Scandal:
Lena Miller, '04.
Edith Granger, '04.
Rose Johnston, 04.
Annie Fisher, '05.
Abigail Talbot, '05.
1905— The "Butter-flies" :
1905-6 — Louise Rapp, President.
Field Day — 6 representatives.
Basket Ball (1904-5)—
Annie Fisher (Captain).
Tennis Champion, 1907 —
Business Manager of Barnard Bulletin (weekly) —
1905-7— Elizabeth Tredwell, '07.
Elector of College Settlement Association —
1905-7— Leslie Gardiner, '07.
Treasurer of Class of 1905 (Senior Year) —
Treasurer of Class of 1906 (Senior Year) —
Vice President of Y. W. C. A. for 1905-6 —
Elizabeth Post, '06.
Post Graduate Mention.
Lena Adele Miller, '04, Post Graduate Special in Biology.
172 history of delta delta delta.
Barnard College was founded in 1889, as the Woman's De-
partment of Columbia University. Non-sectarian. Barnard
College is only a small part of the University.
Women in Barnard 400
Men in Columbia 557
Total number of students in University 4755
Total number of students in Barnard 371
K K r, installed January 16, 1891; active members 24 25
A n, installed January, 1898; active members 23 19
K A 0, installed March, 1898 ; active members 16 16
T * B, installed November, 1902; active members 22 20
A *, installed May 9, 1903 ; active members 17 17
AAA, installed June 6, 1903 ; active members 12 18
IT B *, installed May 28, 1904 ; active members 13 15
X Q, installed 1906.
(Post graduate students in first five also.)
Tau Chapter was installed at Bucknell University, Lewis-
burg, Pa., on May 20, 1904, at the residence of Dr. Lincoln Hul-
ley, by Sara Bartlett Hayes, (Grand President), Alpha, Carolyn
Spencer, (Grand Vice President Alpha Province), Omicron, and
Elizabeth Tumbleson, (Grand Secretary), Xi.
As early as 1898, petitions from Bucknell had been received
but no degree of success had been attained until this group took
up the matter in 1902. Their persistence and the very loyal sup-
port of faculty and friends procured the necessary personal in-
vestigation which revealed so favorable a situation that the grant
Emily Ebling. Nelle Thomas.
Ida Luchsinger. Carrie McCaskie.
Alif Stephens. Sophia Bodler.
Nellie Goddard. Grace Meek.
Florence McCaskie. Jessie McFarland.
Mrs. Joseph M. Wolfe (Prof.) Mrs. Vernon Robbins.
Mrs. W. L. Gerhart (Dr.^
chapter histories — tau. 173
Although having but little more than two years of college
existence behind it, these girls have had much to report. Re-
ceptions, spreads, and parties, have been one side of their
social life, excursions into the beautiful country surrounding the
University another. Many functions in honor of the Chapter
have been given by the patronesses and friends. An Annual
Symposium is given at the close of the school year. Besides the
listed honors, the Chapter held the Presidency of both the Col-
lege Girls' Association and the Girls' Dramatic Club this year.
Class Play —
Class Honors —
1905 — Mary Burgess.
1905 — Carrie McCaskie.
1906— Mary Weddle.
Sprague Bible Prise —
French Honors —
Latin Honors —
Commencement Speakers —
Y. W. C. A.—
Ida Luchsinger, President.
Anna Galbraith, 1906, President.
College Settlement Work —
Nelle Thomas, President.
Nellie Goddard, Vice President.
Post Graduate Mention.
Sophia Bodler, student and graduate University of Chicago, 1906.
Nellie Goddard, '05, teacher, Spelman Seminary, Atlanta, Georgia.
174 history of delta delta delta.
Bucknell University is Baptist and was founded in 1846. In
1905, it numbered men students, 286 ; women, 90 ; faculty, 33 ; in
1906, about seven hundred students in all departments.
n B ♦, installed 1895 ; active members 14 19
AAA, installed 1904 ; active members. 9 16
Pledged Members (A A A) 5
Phi Chapter was installed at the University of Iowa, Iowa
City, on Sept. 27 and 28, 1904, at the home of Miss Sara Paine,
(530 S. Clinton St.), by R. Louise Fitch of Epsilon. She was
assisted by Florence Clarkson, of Epsilon, and Mable Brourink,
of Delta Alliance, Claire Spencer, of Delta Active, Alice Silliman,
of Upsilon, and Lavinia Steele, of Kappa, then librarian at
the University. Valborg Kastman, of Phi, had previously re-
ceived the initiation rites at the Sixth National Convention.
The Trident Degree was administered on Tuesday evening, Sept.
27, and the Stars and Crescent Degree on the following evening.
A banquet at the Burkley Imperial, followed the initiation.
Zoe Rae Frazier. Mable C. Merritt.
Sebena Frazier. Maud Smith.
Edith Whitney Merritt. Mildred Price.
Ethel Gay Nichols. Valborg Kastman.
Daisy M. Dunham. Sara Paine.
Elva Dunham, Matron Homeopathic Hospital.
Mrs. F. A. Wilder, wife of Professor in Geology.
Mrs. C. W. Weeks, wife of Commandant of Cadet Battalion.
Mrs. Henry Le Daum, wife of Professor of French.
Mrs. M. S. Catlin, wife of Athletic Manager.
A Chapter Hall was rented during 1905-6 and all phases of
sorority life entered into with zeal. Seven different social af-
fairs were reported during the rushing season previous to the
two Pledge Service events. A Pan-Hellenic Reception was giv-
CHAPTER HISTORIES — PHI. 175
en in honor of Visiting Delegate, R. Louise Fitch, Nov. 15,
1905, at the Burkley Imperial and it fell to the lot of Tri Delta
this year to give the "big party," as it is dubbed in college phrase
here. The date of this was January 12th. The Armory where
it was held was gay with silver, gold and blue. About four hun-
dred guests were present. This "big party" is a custom pecu-
liar to the institution, each sorority entertaining all the other fra-
ternities in school once in four years. Five minor social events
were reported between this and the Farewell breakfast given
June 12, 1906, to close the college year.
The Chapter reported the following honors and positions
One Phi Beta Kappa.
Two Scholarships, one instructor in physical training and one in
Two presidents of Literary Societies.
Vice President and Cabinet Officer of Y. W. C. A.
Vice President of Freshman class.
A pretty home has been rented for 1906-7, completely fur-
nished, and a most successful year is being enjoyed. In the sec-
ond year of her existence Phi Chapter has dared to assume the
burdens of conducting a chapter house although her rivals had
hesitated to do so for twelve and fourteen years but her success
and satisfaction have been great.
Phi Beta Kappa —
1905— Ethel Nichols.
1906— Mildred Price.
1907— Florence O'Dell.
Scholarship in Greek —
1906— Mildred Price,
Scholarship in Economics —
1906— Ruth Marsh.
The University of Iowa was founded in 1847, as a State Uni-
versity ; the school is not denominational. It enrolls
Men students 1041 1300
Women 340 500
Faculty '' °
K K T, installed 1882; active members 14 16
II B *, installed ir82 ; active members 19 19
A r, installed 1886 ; active members 13
AAA, installed 1904; active members .15 19
176 * HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Chi Chapter was installed at the University of Mississippi,
on Sept. 22, 1904, in the Law Lecture room of University Build-
ing, by Elizabeth Tumbleson Leutscher, Grand President, of Xi,
R. Louise Fitch, Grand Vice President of Beta Province, and
Irene Olson, both of Epsilon, assisted by Ola Price, previously
initiated at the Sixth National Convention.
The petitioning body was a local Tau Delta Theta and was
highly recommended by every Greek letter fraternity at the Uni-
versity. It had been established in 1896 and had been unusually
A unique feature in the installation of Chi Chapter was the
arranging of the festivities, which took place at the home of
Vice Chancellor Dr. Jones, in such a manner as to mark the fare-
well to Tau Delta Theta symbols, as well as the introduction to
the insignia of Delta Delta Delta.
It was peculiar and unfortunate that three of the petitioners were
ill at school with typhoid fever at the time of the initiation and
could not attend. Another was delayed by poor train connections
and did not arrive until the morning following the initiation.
Ola Price. Bettie Sue Chamblis.
Norma Wilkins. Daisy Plant.
Suzanne Burt. Roberta Fulton.
Annie Berry. Elizabeth Richmond.
AT INSTALLATION LATER
Eva Shepherd. Douglass Maxwell.
Mary Haley. Mary Lou Rea.
Mrs. Fulton. Mrs. Jones.
Mrs. Riley. Mrs. Johnson.
Many large and small social functions have been reported
by Chi Chapter in its two years of existence, and not the least
joyful of these smaller private affairs are those which are held
to celebrate the changing of some old Tau Delta Theta into a
full-fledged Tri Delta. On one of these occasions, the wife of
• - I
University of Mississippi.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — CHI. 177
one of the new Professors, Calvin S. Brown, was the initiate,
who as Maude Morrow had been a member of the old local.
The following - press clipping speaks for itself:
"The University Community makes a double gain in securing the
services of Dr. Brown, in that he brings with him his bride, one of the
most distinguished graduates of the University, Miss Maude Morrow,
who won distinction here as a student, taking the degree of Bachelor of
Arts and Master of Arts and who until recently has filled the chair of
Greek in Agnes Scott College."
The Chapter hopes to maintain a Chapter Hall as soon as
the new Science Hall is completed enough to obtain a room
therein. Six of their girls take B. S. degree in June, 1907.
W. J. Bryan's medal for best essay on "Science of Government" won by
Mary Alice Haley, a Senior member.
Commencement Speakers —
1905 — Mary Lou Rea.
1905 — Blanche Rogers.
First Honors —
1900 — Maud Morrow.
Second Honors —
1905 — Blanche Rogers.
Mary Alice Haley, Soph. Med., (2), 1904.
Loulie May Johnson, Soph. Med., 1906.
Roll of Merit —
1903 — Mary Alice Haley, Elocution.
1903 — Blanche Rogers, French, German.
1903 — Daisy Plant, Rhetoric.
1903 — Bettie Sue Chamblis, Elocution.
1903— Mary Lulu Rea, Ethics, Pedagogy.
1904-5 — Jeannette Ford, Geology, Sociologv.
1905 — Mary Lulu Rea, English, Archaeology.
1904 — Blanche Rogers, Latin, German.
1906 — Jeannette Ford, History, French, Physiology, Political Econ-
Mary Lulu Rea, Parth. Ed., 1904-1905.
Emma Kate Kimmons, Asst. Ed. Old Miss., 1903.
Annie Berry, Asst. Ed. Old Miss., 1904.
Blanche Rogers, Art Ed. Old Miss., 1905.
Douglass Maxwell, Asst Art, 1906.
Leslie Christine Johnson, Art. Ed., 1907.
Class Honors —
Jeannette Ford, Poet '05.
Jeannette Ford, Hist., '06.
Roberta Fulton, Treas., '06.
Loulie May Johnson, Poet, '06.
Daisy Plant, Hist, '08.
Lynnette Kimmons, Treas., '08.
Jennie Benson, Treas., '09.
Douglass Maxwell, '07.
178 history of delta delta delta.
Post Graduate Mention.
Maud Morrow, Teacher of Greek. University of Mississippi.
Ann Philips, post graduate student, U. of Miss.
Loulie May Johnson, Instructor of Girls' Gymnasium, U. of Miss.,
The University of Mississippi was founded in 1840 and
opened in 1848. As an institution of the State, it is undenomi-
national. It numbers
Men students 296 272
Women 70 62
Faculty , 28
X fi, installed 1899 ; active members 8 6
AAA, installed 1904 ; active members 9 11
Psi Chapter was installed at the University of Pennsylvania,
Philadelphi, Pa., on Sept. 30, 1904, at the Hotel Sherwood, by
Mrs. Elizabeth Tumbleson-Leutscher, (Grand President). Mrs.
Estelle Roehle Byrne, Miss Anna Hoffman, and Miss E. Anna
Harrison (Editor of Trident), all of Xi Chapter.
The first three mentioned in the list of chapter patronesses
were also present at the banquet which followed initiation. The
Chapter is unusually fortunate in having twelve of these patron-
Miss Sophia W. Burmester. Miss Deborah Leeds Cordery.
Miss Kate Vorhees Carpenter. Mrs. William T. Cullen.
Miss Lydia A. Kirby. Mrs. P. H. Evans.
Mrs. W. L. Blake. Mrs. Orson A. Hulton.
Mrs. Ella M. Boyer. Mrs. Charles W. Karsner.
Mrs. Isabella W. Connor. Mrs. R. M. McCurdy.
The charter members were nine:
Hannah May Blake. Anna Marie Cullen.
Elizabeth Gibson Connor. Florence Hulton.
Elizabeth Evans. Mary Macafee McCurdv.
Eleanor Fulton Karsner. Faith Thompson.
Marguerite Irene Boyer.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — PSI. 179
Chapter rooms are rented near the University. In these
weekly meetings and various social affairs are held. Although
on account perhaps of college discriminations against women un-
der-graduate students, the active Chapter has been small for a
time, the zeal and enthusiasm have been most commendable.
(Recently more classes have been opened to women at this Uni-
The financial management has been excellent, for the
Chapter rents two large rooms near the University and the treas-
urer of the Chapter reports the handling of considerable sums for
various other matters.
In 1905, May Blake was the only girl receiving Senior Hon-
Sophomore — *
May Blake, 1905.
Ruth White won University Prize of $250.00 by best paper on "How
to Teach Latin and Greek in the High School."
Women students are not eligible to class positions at the
University of Pennsylvania.
Post Graduate Mention.
Minnie Eckles, A. M., 1905.
Ruth White, A. M., 1905.
Minnie Eckles, student for Ph. D., 1905-1906.
May Blake, student for M. S., 1905-1906.
The University of Pennsylvania was founded as a charitable
school in 1740, became an Academy in 1751, a college in 1755,
and a State University in 1791. It numbers :
Men students 2671 3400
Women 304 300
180 history of delta delta delta.
K K r, installed 1890 ; active members 11 6
AAA, installed 1904 ; active members 12 5
Alpha Xi Chapter of Delta Delta Delta was installed at Ran -
dolph-Macon Woman's College, in Lynchburg, Va., by Grand
President Elizabeth Tumbleson Leutscher, Xi, Carolyn Spencer,
Grand Vice of Alpha Province, Omicron, and Evelyn Kolbe, Xi,
on November 29, 1905. The charter members were from the
local Delta Delta, whose petition to Delta Delta Delta had been
pending for something over a year.
Mary Bates Allen. Katrina Kern.
Mary Washington Ball. Mabel Martin.
Ethel Bradshaw Chapoell. Elizabeth George Merrick.
Virginia Klein Cook. Nellie J. Mullins.
Louise Dodson. Lida Means Picton.
Laura Robinson Glancy. Janet Snead.
Jeanette Rose Humphreys. Isabella Shackford.
Mildred Strode. Lena Tillou Willey.
Mrs. W. Russell Winfree, Rivermont, W. Va.
Miss Aileen W. Bond, College Park, Va.
Mrs. Randolph Marshall, 908 Floyd St., Lynchburg, Va.
Too young to have extended mention perhaps, but active
enough to be in the full swing of all phases of college life, schol-
astic, athletic and social, Alpha Xi is rapidly proving that it was
neither a mistake to put a second Chapter in the sunny southland
nor yet another to place a second one in a college for women
only, especially when both of these colleges belong to the list of
the "thirteen best" designated by the United States Commissioner
Alpha Xi reported twenty-four honorary and elective col-
lege positions for 1905-6.
Latin Honors —
Ethel B. Chappell.
Psi Chapter Rooms.
Alpha Xi Chapter Rooms.
CHAPTER HISTORIES — ALPHA XI. 181
English Honors —
Jeanette R. • Humphreys. •
French and German Honors —
Laura R. Glancy.
Philosophy Honors —
College Monthly Chief. Ethel B Chappell.
Annual Statistics Editor, Ethel B. Chappell.
Annual, Athletic Editor, Laura R. Glancy.
Annual, Art Editor, Jeanette Humphreys.
Class Honors —
Poet, Ethel B. Chaooell.
Honors in Music —
Janet Sue Snead.
Post Graduate Mention.
Janet Sue Snead, A. M.
Randolph-Macon Woman's College was founded in 1891 by
the Board of the Randolph-Macon System and is under the con-
trol of the Methodist Episcopal church of the South.
It numbered, in 1905, a faculty of forty-five and a student
body of nearly four hundred women.
X fi, installed 1899 ; active members 19
Z T A, installed 1902 ; active members 14
K A, installed 1903 ; active members 12
A O n, installed 1903 ; active members 12
2 2 2, installed 1904 ; active member 12
AAA, installed 1905 ; active members 14
N. B. — Th<* term "honorary member" perhaps needs explanation.
Until the Fourth National Convention there v as but one ruling on the
subject, that of the original constitution entitling each chapter to three
honorary members. It was found that customs varied, some fully initiat-
ing the three selected, thus entitling them to wear the badge, and some
merely giving them the colors or oledge pins and regarding them as
patronesses. Since the ruling of 1900, no honorary members have re-
ceived initiation, thev being at present merely patronesses of the various
chapters. Those initiated prior to 1900 were women of national promin-
ence, members of the different faculties, or wives of various faculty
members, usually women holding college degrees. — B. L. P.
Until quite recently all the work on the Alliance movement
has been in the cities where the active chapters exist, with but
one exception, "The Chicago Alliance," and that of course was
very near to Upsilon. All the Alliances assist the Active Chapters
in rushing season, re-union affairs, and Pan-Hellenic Association
work and help them financially. Each Alliance member is
pledged to the support of the Trident. Regular communication
is kept up between the distant members by means of "Round
Robin Letters." All Chapters report interchange of entertain-
ment with their Alliances.
M. Katherine Ratterman, of Cincinnati, Zeta Chapter, was
appointed Alliance Supervisor for 1905-6 by Grand President,
Elizabeth Tumbleson Leutscher and the Seventh National Con-
vention showed its appreciation of her work by adding an Al-
liance Officer to the Grand Council number and electing Miss
Ratterman unanimously to that position. Under her care and
attention the interest and zeal in various city centers has awak-
ened and several city Alliances are in process of formation, those
in Milwaukee, Wis., and Des Moines, la., promising speedy re-
The Alliances can scarcely be listed in any other way than in
order of their formation.
The girls of Boston University have the honor of forming
the first Alumnae Alliance, as well as of founding the first Chap-
ter of Delta Delta Delta.
Alpha Alumnae Alliance was organized August 29, 1892, at
the home of Emily F. Allen, Pinckney St., Boston, by Sarah Ida
Shaw, Charlotte Joslin, Emily F. Allen and Grace Ayres of Al-
pha. The First National Convention (1893) recognized the Al-
EPSILON ALLIANCE CHICAGO ALLIANCE. 183
Hance officially, making extensive provision for the Alliance
movement and putting the matters of future organization, ritual
work and constitution in the hands of the founders of this first
Alliance. Alpha Alliance was represented at the Second Nation-
The meetings of Alpha Alliance are held the first Saturday
of each month of the school year, usually in the rooms of the
active chapter. Besides business sessions, both literary and so-
cial sessions are enjoyed and on several occasions speakers have
been provided and open meetings held.
Nearly one hundred per cent of Alpha Chapter graduates
have been enrolled since the Alliance was formed. A joint com-
mittee of Chapter and Alliance has charge of mutual work.
Epsilon Alumnae Alliance was the second one to form and
was organized at Galesburg, 111., by Mrs. Alta Marsh Phillips,
Martha Stone, Lillian Emrich, Estell Johnson and Grace Matte-
son, resident graduates of Epsilon Chapter, March 2, 1896. All
resident members of the Active Chapter come into the Alliance
upon leaving school and those near enough to the city to attend
any meetings. The monthly meetings are of a social nature or
on fraternity work and philanthophic lines are not forgotten as
each week sewing is done for the free kindergarten. The Al-
liance also in 1904 aided the Active Chapter in furnishing the re-
ception room of the free kindergarten building.
They meet with the Chapter several times during the year
and take an active part in the Thanksgiving Banquet celebra-
tion, the chief Chapter event of each year.
Many of the members hold offices in, and are connected
with the various Literary, Musical and Philanthrophic organiz-
ations of the city.
Third in order, the Chicago Alumna? Alliance was organ-
ized by Eleanor Dorcas Pond Mann, one of the founders of Al-
pha Chapter*, at 1223 Milton Ave., Chicago, May 15, 1897. Her
work in effecting this organization was an evidence of the abiding
interest which she has alwavs manifested in the welfare of Tri
184 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Delta. Those joining were Mrs. Edna Wolfe Pearson, Lambda,
Mrs. Martha Barden Cole and Mrs. Ola Ingersoll McChesney,
of Epsilon, Myrtle N. Stillwell, Ella F. Tobias and Jessie Milne,
of Gamma, Alma S. Fick, of Zeta, Lottie B. Watson, Grace
Clough, Franc Watson and Lorena G. Watson, of Upsilon, and
Margaret Emerson, of Alpha; Delta Chapter was also repre-
Meetings were held with great regularity for a time, but
later great distances in residence proved an almost insur-
mountable obstacle and the Alliance has considered it best to be
merged with the Upsilon Alliance, now in process of organiz-
ation. Many more Tri Deltas have been located in Chicago and
suburban cities and the new organization promises to be very
During the past spring, Ethel Andrews, Epsilon, and Amy
Olgen Parmelee, Upsilon, have arranged for monthly luncheons
of all Chicago Deltas, and representatives from Upsilon Active.
Three have now been held, and the interest and attendance is
increasing each time. The luncheons are held the first Saturday
in each month at the Carricabbie Rooms, Madison street.
Zeta Alumnae Alliance was the fourth to form and was, it
might be said, the first fruits of the Chicago Alliance and the
enthusiasm aroused by the Third National Convention. It was
organized at Cincinnati, Sept. 2, 1897. The formation was in
charge of Alma Fick of Zeta, formerly of the Chicago Alliance,
and the services took place at her home. Those who presented
themselves for initiation were Emma B. Kinney, Estelle M.
Riley, Lucy M. Lambdin, Grace Marshall, Mrs. Emma H. Bald-
win, Mary S. Evans and Florence Lawler. Four others were
shortly after enrolled, Agnes R. Powers, Caroline A. Powell,
Sadie A. Fortney, and Stella M. Fortney.
Nearly one hundred per cent of chapter membership is en-
rolled and as their membership now exceeds fifty, the attend-
ance at all meetings is large and courses- of study, lectures and
plays are attempted, besides the social, business and fraternity
A great deal of Social Settlement work has been done both
by the individual members and by the Alliance as an organiz-
GAMMA ALLIANCE SIGMA ALLIANCE. 185
ation and Zeta is also well represented in the Woman's Club,
Press Club and many other city associations.
Gamma Alumnae Alliance was organized June 8, 1898, at
Gamma Chapter Hall, Adrian, Mich. Ella F. Tobias, of Gam-
ma, and recently of the Chicago Alumnae Alliance, conducted the
work and there were enrolled with her as first members, Eliza-
beth Gibbs Palmer, Jean Stearns Kimball, enthusiastic delegates
from the Third National Convention, Bertha Page Robertson,
Bessie Leach Priddy, Dorothy E. Baker, Julia Myers Dewey,
Abbie Wakefield Hamilton, Clara B. Hopkins and Mary M.
Meetings are held the last Saturday in each month, at the
homes. At least ninety-five per cent of Chapter membership has
been enrolled. A feature of 1904's work was a reception to all
fraternity women in the city. At least two social functions are
given for the Chapter each year. Round Robin correspondence
is maintained for the benefit of the out of town members. Once
a year some meeting is made the occasion of an excursion to the
home of some out of town member.
Many of the members are active workers in the various city
Sigma Alumnae Alliance was organized at Middletown,
Conn., June 28, 1898, by Sarah Tucker Kurt, Lucy Osborne
Searle and Mary A. McKay. Besides these three, the follow-
ing were initiated at organization : Frances L. Weeks, Isabelle J.
Church, Anna J. Kellog, Elizabeth H. Rogers, May A. Adams,
Carrie T. Brown, M. Grace Brunell, Elizabeth C. Stevens, El-
eanor Newell, and Isabelle M. Walbridge.
About ninety per cent of Chapter membership is enrolled.
Many re-unions are undertaken. Besides fraternity work, this
Alliance has been devoting part of its energies to New York
Social Settlement work. The interest of their out of town
members is held by a very elaborate and effective system of
Round Robin letters. Their full official meetings are in Janu-
ary and June each year.
186 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Omicron Alumnae Alliance was organized at Syracuse, N.
Y., Oct. 27, 1900, at the home of Evelyn F. Allen, by the follow-
ing Omicron girls : Clara Johnson Champlin, Evelyn F. Allen,
Daisy Boon Phillips, Anna Hollis, Alberta E. Perry, Josephine
Horn Brown, and Ruth Ward. Seventy-five per cent of the
Chapter membership is enrolled. Meetings are held the first
Thursday evening of each month and are largely of a social
This Alliance has been working on and nearly completed
elaborate initiation paraphernalia for presentation to the Active
Theta Alumnae Alliance was organized May 18, 1901, by Dr.
Caroline Edgar Erdmann, at her home in Minneapolis. Meet-
ings are held every two months and news from absent members
is given a prominent place in the program. Sixty-five per cent
of Chapter membership has been enrolled.
This Alliance reports as members, four professional women,
three at home girls, eight high school teachers and fourteen mar-
ried women. Some of the individual members have been very
active in Social Settlement work.
Delta Alumnae Alliance was organized at Indianola, la.,
Sept. 24, 1901,, by ex-members of Delta Chapter. The meetings
are held the third Tuesday of each month and consist of business
and literary or business and social sessions. To each social ses-
sion four members of the Active Chapter are invited. Here, too.
Chapter House work is a part of the activity. The Des Moines
City group, which is gradually organizing, will have as a nu-
cleus a large proportion of Delta Chapter alumnae.
Eta Alumnae Alliance was organized June, 1902, in Bur-
lington, Vt., at the home of Mrs. G. S. Forbes. The members
petitioning for charter were Annie Sherburne, Eva Jones, Helen
BETA ALLIANCE — RHO ALLIANCE. 187
Hendee, Hattie K. Forbes, Edith Smith Simpson, Addle I. Lee
and Abbie Katherine Leonard. Meetings are held the first Sat-
urday evening of each month and both musical and literary pro-
grams are enjoyed as well as social hours. All but one Chapter
graduate have joined the Alliance since its formation.
Some philanthropic work is undertaken and the Alliance is
joining with other college women in working for the formation
of a local College Club.
Various lectures have been given under their auspices. A
printed calendar of their programs for each year is issued.
Beta Alumnae Alliance was organized at Canton, N. Y.,
June 23, 1903, by ex-members of Beta Chapter. Miss Anna Hol-
lis of Omicron Alliance, had charge of the Third Degree Ritual
This Alliance enrolls about twenty per cent of Chapter
membership, largely the resident girls. They are actively at
work on enlarging the fund for the Chapter House, as well as
assisting in the furnishing of the same.
Each Commencement Week sees a very enjoyable meeting,
the re-union of the resident Alliance girls and the out of town
Circle Degree members.
Rho Alliance was organized May, 14, 1904, in a class room
of the Ely School, New York City. Mrs. Chamberlain (Carrie
Beddoe), of Alpha, was the leading spirit in organization. Mrs.
Effie Danforth McAfee, of Iota Circle Degree, conducted the
Rho Alliance was organized by eight Tri Delta Alumnae
from several colleges : Carrie Beddoe Chamberlain, Alpha, Effie
Danforth, Iota, Ella Tobias, Gamma, Marion Ball, Laura Se-
guine, Mildred Robinson, Rho, Rose Scott, Epsilon, and Irene
Lewis Bedell, Beta. At the June meeting, the following were
initiated: Effie Danforth, Ella Tobias, Rose Scott, Irene Lewis
Bedell, Mildred Robinson, Marion Ball, Sara Shelley, Harriet
Werts, Anna Waring and Edith Appell.
To the fourteen initiated at first, each vear has added the
188 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Rho Chapter graduates, making seventeen in all, at the close of
The Alliance very much desires all Deltas in the vicinity to
make themselves known and affiliate with them. Meetings third
Saturday afternoon each month. Siprna Alumnae residents in
New York City are frequent visitors at Rho Alliance meetings.
A series of luncheons has been started this year and tf.jse
attending report great pleasure to themselves and growing en-
thusiasm for Tri Delta.
The Denver Alliance was formed May 11, 1905, at Denver,
Colorado, and was composed at first of one representative each
of Alpha, Epsilon, Upsilon, and Kappa, and two of Delta. Six
more members have joined since its organization.
A recent letter says : "If all Alliances are as successful as
ours, then are they all greater even than the Active Chapters —
yea, each as great as the fraternity itself." From this quotation,
it will be seen how strong an organization, lone representatives
of widely separated Chapters have been able to form. Most en-
thusiastic reports of the meetings have been received and with
true western hospitality they are waiting and watching to wel-
come each Tri Delta who journeys westward.
The regular roll call of the Denver Alliance for 1905-6
was Frances Bayley Packard, Alpha ; Leonora Hedendahl, Epsi-
lon ; Sallie Fisher Sweet and Daisy Thomas, Upsilon ; Maud
Hazlett, Kappa; Fern Abbott Richardson, Kappa; Persis
Heaton and Lillian Newland, Delta, and Annie Lilley, Eta.
Others from Epsilon, Pi, Upsilon and Mu have met with them at
various times. Picnics in the park, breakfasts and thimble part-
ies have alternated with meetings spent in the study of fratern-
Los Angeles Alliance
The Los Angeles Alliance was formed at Los Angeles, Cal-
ifornia, Oct., 1905, by graduates and ex-members of Pi Chapter
and members of other Chapters, as follows: Lillian McLaugh-
/in, Mable Worden Porter, Ethel Egan West, Martha
Stone Hurd, all of Epsilon, Louise Johnston, K. Courtenay
MU ALLIANCE — NU ALLIANCE. 189
Johnston, Florence Dodge, Eleanor Hammack, all of Pi, Georgia
Suber Bertram, Iota, Jeannette Smith, Delta and Beulah
The meetings are mostly social and are called at such times
as meet the convenience of the greatest number.
At Christmas and in June, formal events are given.
Mu Alliance was formed at Madison, Wis., Dec. 2, 1906, at
the home of Jessie Nelson Swanson, at the time when the Visit-
ing Delegate was inspecting Mu Chapter.
Monthly meetings were tried at first but later it seemed
better to vary these and to attempt to have some or all of the
Alliance members present regularly at the Chapter House the
first Monday evening of each month.
Those initiated at the first meeting were Theo. B. Pickford,
'03 ; Gertrude Stillman Sanborn, '99 ; Jessie Nelson Swanson,
'98 ; Ada Westenhaver Weidman, '99 ; Florence Allen, '00 ; Ruby
Peck, '04. and Mary Egan, '04; Ethel Redfield Hobbins, '04;
has since joined.
While the meetings have been very informal in nature, they
are nevertheless very earnest, as the Alliance is taking an active
part in raising funds for the building of a Chapter House for Mu
The organization of Nu Alliance was accompanied with
something more than the usual ceremonies, as on March 29,
1906, was held a grand reunion of Nu Chapter girls, preparatory
to the formation of the Alliance on March 30. This day was
chosen, as it was Chapter Founding Day.
Former Grand President, Agnes Powers Dunning, of Zeta,
came to conduct the initiation service and the following girls
were received: Ethel Herrick Thompson, Mary Joyce Bush,
Edith Rees, Nan Cannon, Edna Armstrong, Margaret Reeb,
Olive Shurtz, Frances Peters Bierman, Mima Weaver, Sue Gor-
man, Fannie Rockwell, Edith Phipps Wood, Florence Held-
meyer, Blanche Skiles and Helen Mills.
The service was held at Mrs. Thompson's home, 167 W.
190 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
10th Ave. A banquet at the Ohio Club followed the initiation
and on Saturday, March 31, another party was given in honor of
the three Zeta guests, Mrs. Dunning and Lill Stevens, of Zeta
Alliance, and Mary Latta, of Zeta Active. Six were initiated
Besides their own business and social sessions, held the last
Saturday of each month, this Alliance has decided to hold four
joint meetings a year with the active Chapter.
Kappa Alliance was organized, in thought at least, on May
19, 1906, for on that day a group of Kappa Chapter alumnae held
a meeting and decided upon organization, calling the first formal
meeting for initiation for the first Friday in June. Twelve resi-
dent alumnae of Lincoln were ready for the first initiation, more
joining afterward. Daisy F. Bonnell and Bertha Du Teil, had
been initiated at Boston by Alpha Alliance and they conducted
the services, initiating Ellen H. Frankish, Anna L. Vore, Mamie
Miller, Sophia W. Koehler, Edna M. Gund, Winifred Bonnell,
Maude Brush, Pearl Powers Fee, Rae Challis, Lynn Brush,
Katherine Lumry, Alma Vandeveer and Pauline Whitcomb,
Meetings are held the first Friday of each month. The Alliance
is planning with the Chapter for the entertaining of the Eighth
National Convention, 1908.
Perhaps to say Pi Alliance is somewhat premature as these
very modest Tri Deltas only call themselves, the Pi Alumnae
Association of Berkeley, California. In a 1905 letter they say:
"The object of this Association is to better keep in touch with
the Active Chapter, aid it in every way we can and after three or
four years, when more classes have graduated, form a regular
Alliance. The President and Secretary of this Association send
to all girls not in college a long, interesting letter at least once a
month, full of fraternity news. We find the plan a great success
and shall soon be asking for the Circle Degree."
Upsilon Alumnae Alliance is under formation and promises
ALLIANCE HISTORIES. 191
to be very strong as in addition to the Upsilon girls locally resi-
dent, many other chapters have Chicago representatives, a part
of whom were prominent in the Chicago Alumnae Alliance.
Des Moines, Iowa, has a group of girls meeting regularly
and nearly ready for the Circle Degree.
Spokane, Washington, will soon add its name to the Alli-
ance roll as plans are nearly matured there for a regular organi-
Thanksgiving, 1906, was the eighteenth birthday of Delta
Delta Delta. For that time there has been recorded the installa-
tion of twenty-four Chapters, but one of which has been discon-
tinued. One other charter was granted but could scarcely have
been called established, the one at Ames (Iowa State College),
granted just before the faculty anti-fraternity mandate.
Of the twenty-three Active Chapters, all report prosperity.
Ten are located in state universities, eight in well endowed and
recognized universities, the remaining five in old colleges of good
collegiate rank wher.e unusual zeal for the work is constantly
Of the twenty-three Chapters, seven are at present success-
fully maintaining Chapter houses, Beta, Kappa, Lambda, Omi-
cron, Mu, Pi and Phi. Delta and Eta have each had a Chapter
house when the number of out of town members warranted it.
Iota always occupied a house. Alpha, Gamma, Theta, Sigma,
Delta plans to have a house again next year. Upsilon,
Xi, Rho, Psi, Alpha Xi and Eta have well furnished
Chapter halls for their meetings. Such is the custom of their
rival sororities. Most of these have maintained these halls from
the first year of their history. Chi anticipates having a Chapter
hall soon, Tau meets in the woman's dormitory according to the
rules of the college. The remaining three chapters, Zeta, Epsi-
lon, and Nu meet in the homes of the members as is the custom
of the sororities in their schools.
Sixteen Alumnae Alliances have been formed, fourteen so
situated as to be working in active co-operation with their
Chapters. A half dozen other groups are in various stages of
The general fraternity reports seven National Conventions,
with an attendance of 175 at the last one,, five Alumnae Alliance
sessions, three successful Province conventions in each of its three-
Provinces, a fourth voluntary convention in Beta Province, and
representation and co-operation in every inter-sorority conven-
tion or conference. It also reports the establishment of a well
organized Alumnae Alliance section and of systematized fraternity
examinations, conducted annually since 1898. Charters, initiation
certificates, cuts, seals, badges, flags, pennants and other para-
phernalia have all received due attention. Ritual work for the
three degrees, installation services and constitutions have re-
ceived the attention of each convention.
In publications, Delta Delta Delta stands easily first in ac-
complishment for its age, as the fraternity is on the sixteenth vol-
ume of the Trident, the second volume of the Triton and has
issued five constitutions and nine directories, with a complete
catalogue going to press. There was issued in November, 1905,
a song book and early in 1907 is the publication of the history.
The establishment this year of a comprehensive system of
Chapter records and reports ensures for the next history issued
unusual completeness and accuracy. A finance system has been
devised for the purpose of defraying the expenses of the fratern-
ity at large, productive of no deficits, and which, while it places
no unfair burdens upon any Chapter, yet ensures representation
to all at each convention. The income has been large enough to
make possible steady advance in business methods. But one
deficit has ever been shown in the biennial balances and that a
small one. The magazine is more than self-supporting, provid-
ing a small salary for the editor.
Ninth in date of establishment and seventh in date of rec-
ognition as a national sorority, Tri Delta now stands a close
fourth in length of the active Chapter list with the average rank
of the schools in that list second to none. It was the first Greek
letter society to make provisions in its original constitution and
Ritual work for an Alumnae Alliance Section, doing so upon
organization (1888). It was the fourth to establish an Alumnae
Chapter or Alliance (1892), maintaining those established con-
tinuously and it now ranks third in number of such organizations.
But one Alliance has ever suspended its sessions and that is now
revived. There has been a loss of but one Chapter, Iota, that one
having been installed in earlier days with too little investigation
of local conditions.
From two solitary seniors, far away on the Atlantic coast,
for an Alpha Chapter of a new sorority, on Nov. 28, 1888,
there has been an advance to an organization consisting of
twenty- three chapters located in north and south and east and
194 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
west, all joining in the celebration of Founders' Day, Novem-
With a loyalty pledged by single, double and triple rites,
over fifteen hundred initiates now answe • to the national roll call
of DELTA DELTA DELTA.
National Conventions of Delta Delta Delta
I. 1893. May 24-26. Entertained by Epsilon Chapter, Knox Col-
lege, Galesburg, 111.
II. 1894. October 17-19. Entertained by Beta Chapter, St. Law-
rence University, Canton, N. Y.
III. 1897. August 24-26. Entertained by Theta Chapter, Univer-
sity of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.
IV. 1900. June 26-29 Entertained by Zeta Chapter, University of
Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio.
V. 1902. June 26-July 1. Entertained by Alpha Chapter, Boston
University, Boston, Mass.
VI. 1904. June 20-25. Entertained by Epsilon Chapter, Knox Col-
lege, Galesburg, 111.
VII. 1906. June 25-29. Entertained by Omicron Chapter, Syra-
cuse University, Syracuse, N. Y.
N. B. — Prior to the first National Convention, a conference was
held in Boston between delegates of Alpha, Gamma and Delta Chapters,
April 20, 1891.
First Convention with Alpha Chapter, Boston, Mass., Oct. 30-Nov.
Second Convention with Beta Chapter, Canton, N. Y., Nov. 27-29,
Third Convention with Eta Chapter, Burlington, Vt., Nov. 29-Dec.
First Convention with Iota Chapter, Ann Arbor, Mich., Oct. 31, 1895.
Second Convention with Epsilon Chapter, Galesburg, 111., Sept. 6-6,
Third Convention with Gamma Chapter, Adrian, Mich., Oct. 13-14,
Fourth Convention with Upsilon Chapter, Evanston, 111., Dec. 8-9,
First Convention with Delta Chapter, Indianola, la., Nov. 22, 1895.
Second Convention with Kappa Chapter, Lincoln, Neb., Aug. 30-Sept.
Third Convention with Lambda Chapter, Baldwin, Kan., Nov. 29,
196 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Alumnae Alliance Sessions
First Alumnae Alliance Session held with Second Beta Province Con-
vention, Galesburg, 111., Sept. 5, 1898.
Second Alumnae Alliance Session held with Fourth National Con-
vention, Cincinnati, Ohio, June 25, 1900.
Third Alumnae Alliance Session held with Fifth National Convention
Boston, Mass., June 26, 1902.
Fourth Alumnae Alliance Session held with Sixth National Con-
vention, Galesburg, 111., June 20, 1904.
Fifth Alumnae Alliance Session held with Seventh National Con-
vention, Syracuse, N. Y., June 26, 1906.
Grand Councils of Delta Delta Delta
Government by Alpha Chapter of Boston University and Grand Trustees.
Grand President — Sarah Ida Shaw.
Grand Vice President — Eleanor Dorcas Pond.
Grand Secretary — Florence Isabelle Stewart.
Grand Treasurer — Isabel Morgan Breed.
Convention I. Galesburg, 111.
Grand President — Almedia Laurson, Epsilon.
Grand Vice President — Bessie M. Leach, Gamma.
Grand Secretary — Charlotte E. Joslin, Alpha.
Grand Treasurer — Estella Trueblood, Delta.
Grand Commissioner of Education — Sarah Ida Shaw, Alpha.
Convention II. Canton, N. Y.
Grand President — Dr. Caroline Edgar, Theta.
Grand Vice President — Martha L. Eveleth, Alpha.
Grand Secretary — Charlotte E. Joslin, Alpha.
Grand Treasurer — Edith Wait, Beta.
Grand Commissioner of Education — Sarah Ida Shaw, Alpha.
Editor of the Trident — Emily F. Allen, Alpha.
Convention III. Minneapolis, Minn.
Grand President — Agnes R. Powers Zeta.
Grand Vice President, Alpha Province, Annie Laurie Sherburne,
Grand Vice President, Beta Province, Elizabeth Gibbs, Gamma.
Grand Vice President — Gamma Province, Dora Clementine Mark-
Grand Secretary — Harriet Stone, Epsilon.
Grand Treasurer — Mary A. McKay, Sigma.
Grand Marshal — Ellen Huntington Frankish, Kappa.
Grand Historian — Sarah Ida Shaw Martin, Alpha
Editor of the Trident— Emily F. Allen, Alpha.
Emily F. Allen, A,
(Editor Trident, 1891-1900.)
Dr. Caroline (Edgar) Erdman, 6,
(Grand President, 1894-1897.)
Agnes (Powers) Dunning, Z.
(Grand President, 1897-1900.)
Grand Council, 1897-1900.
(Reproduced From Trident.)
Grand Historian at Work on AAA History.
GRAND COUNCIL MEMBERS. 197
Convention IV. Cincinnati, O.
Grand President — Sara Bartlett Hayes, Alpha.
Grand Secretary — Elizabeth Tumbleson, .Xi.
Grand Treasurer — Ivy Kellerman, Nit.
Grand Marshal — Anna L. T. Vore, Kappa.
Grand Historian — Lela M. Klampe, fheta.
Editor of the Trident — Julia E. Closterman, Zeta.
Grand Vice President— Alpha Province, Sarah Tucker Kurt, Sigma.
Grand Vice President — Beta Province, Effie Lynch Danforth, Iota.
Grand Vice President — Gamma Province, Estella Trueblood, Delta.
Convention V. Boston, Mass.
Grand President— Sara Bartlett Hayes, Alpha.
Grand Secretary — Elizabeth Tumbleson, Xi.
1 Grand Treasurer — Mae Stevenson, Epsilon.
Grand Marshal — Annie L. Dyar, Upsilon.
Grand Historian — Bessie Leach Priddy, Gamma.
2 Editor of the Trident — Julia E. Closterman, Zeta.
Grand Vice President — Alpha Province, Carolyn Spencer, Omicron.
Grand Vice President — Beta Province — Clara L. Stillman, Mu.
Grand Vice President — Gamma Province — Louise Robinson Rhodes*
Convention VI. Galesburg, 111.
Grand President— Elizabeth Tumblefeon Lentscher, Xi.
Grand Secretary — Amy Olgen, Upsilon.
Grand Treasurer — Merle Pickford, Mu.
Grand Marshal — Edna Wharton Hoch, Lambda.
Grand Historian — Bessie Leach Priddy, Gamma.
3 Editor of the Trident — E. Anna Harrison, Xi.
Grand Vice President — Alpha Province, Carolyn Spencer, Omicron.
Grand Vice President — Beta Province, R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon.
Grand Vice President — Gamma Province, K. Courtenay Johnston, Pi.
N.B. — The Grand President, Mrs. Leutscher, appointed R. Louise
Fitch, Epsilon, Visiting Delegate for 1904-1906, and Katherine Ratterman,
Zeta, as Alliance Officer.
Convention VII. Syracuse, N. Y.
Grand President — Amy H. Olgen, Upsilon.
Grand Secretary — Marion E. P. Bali. Rho.
Grand Treasurer — Merle Pickford, Mu.
Grand Historian — Bessie Leach Priddy, Gamma.
1 Miss Mae Stevenson resigned immediately and Lucy Osborne Searle, Sigma,
was elected as Treasurer by Grand Council.
2 Upon the resignation of Miss Closterman as Editor of the Trident, Miss E.
Anna Harrison, of Xi Chapter, was elected by the Grand Council to fill vacancy.
Upon the resignation of Miss Harrison as Editor of the Trident, Sept. 22,
1905, her assistant editor, Mary Taylor Abercrombie, Xi, became Editor-in-Chief Jan.
21, 1905, and edited three numbers. Upon the resignation of Miss Abercrombie, the
Grand Council elected R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon, Editor of the Trident, Sept. 15,
1905, and Irene Olson, Epsilon, was shortly afterward elected to fill the vacancy thus
created in the Vice Presidency of Beta Province.
198 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
1 Grand Marshal — Edna Wharton Hoch, Lambda.
Alliance Officer — Katherine Ratterman, Zeta.
Editor of the Trident — R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon.
Grand Vice President — Alpha Province, Christine Jansson Howard,
Grand Vice President — Beta Province, Myra C. Powers, Upsilon.
Grand Vice President — Gamma Province, Louise Robinson Rhodes,
1888 — Thanksgiving Eve, Nov. 28 — Alpha Chapter founded at Boston
1889 — Jan. 15 — Initiation of complete Alpha Chapter of eighteen at Boston
Apr. 19 — Delta (Deuteron) Chapter installed in Simpson College,
Charter granted Delta, Iowa State Agricultural College,
July 9 — Epsilon Charter granted, Knox College, Galesburg, 111.
Aug. and Nov. — Epsilon installed in Knox College, Galesburg, 111.
1890 — Feb. 22 — Gamma Chapter installed in Adrian College, Adrian, Mich.
April 16-17 — Represented in Woman's First Pan-Hellenic Con-
vention, Boston, Mass.
June — Delta Chapter charter members, initiated, Iowa State Col-
lege, Ames, Iowa.
1891 — April 20 — First Inter-Chapter Conference of Tri Delta, Boston,
April 20 — Trident established, Emily F. Allen elected Editor-in-
Chief; Alpha Chapter, Business Manager.
November — Trident, Vol I, No. 1.
Dec. 24 — Beta Chapter installed in St. Lawrence University, Can-
ton, N. Y.
1892 — May 23 — Zeta Chanter installed in University of Cincinnati, Cin-
Aug. 29 — Alpha Alumnae Alliance organized, Boston, Mass.
1893 — Feb. 27 — Eta Chapter installed in University of Vermont, Burling-
May 24-26 — First National Convention, Galesburg, 111.
May 25 — Charter to Delta Chapter declared null. List of initiates
affiliated with Delta (Deuteron).
July 19 — Represented in World's Fair Pan-Hellenic Congress, Chi-
1894 — Feb. 21 — Theta Chapter installed in University of Minnesota, Min-
First Annual Directory published by Charlotte E. Joslin,
Oct. 17-19 — Second National Convention, Canton, N. Y.
1 The Grand President has appointed Harriet Sterling, Lambda, Assistant Grand
■ Marshal, on account of the heavy labor involved in bringing out the complete catalogue
of the sorority ordered by the Seventh Convention.
CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINE. 199
Nov. 1 — Iota Chapter installed in University of Michigan, ruin Ar-
Nov. 28 — Kappa Chapter installed in University of Nebraska, Lin-
1895 — March 12 — Lambda Chapter installed in Baker University, Baldwin,
March 15 — Sigma Chapter installed in Wesleyan University, Mid-
June 1 — Upsilon Chapter installed in Northwestern University,
Oct. 30-31 — Omicron Chapter installed in Syracuse University,
Syracuse, N. Y.
Oct. 30-Nov. 1 — First Alpha Province Convention, Boston, Mass.
Oct. 31— First Beta Province Convention, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Nov. 28 — First Gamma Province Convention, Indianola, Iowa.
1896 — March 2 — Epsilon Alliance organized, Galesburg, 111.
March 30 — Nu Chapter installed in Ohio State University, Colum-
1897 — May 15 — Chicago Alliance organized, Chicago, 111.
Aug. 24-26 — Third National Convention, Minneapolis, Minn.
Aug. 25 — Delta (Deuteron) officially named Delta Chapter.
Sept. 2 — Zeta Alliance organized, Cincinnati, O.
1898 — Jan. 8 — Gamma Alliance organized, Adrian, Mich.
April 1 — Mu Chapter installed in University of Wisconsin, Madi-
June 28 — Sigma Alliance organized, Middletown, Conn.
Aug. 30-Sept. 1 — Second Gamma Province Convention, Lincoln,
Sept. 6-8 — First Alumnae Alliance Session, Galesburg, 111.
Sept. 6-8 — Second Beta Province Convention, Galesburg, 111.
Sept. 27-29 — Second Alpha Province Convention, Canton, N. Y.
Nov. 25 — Xi Chapter installed in Baltimore Woman's College Bal-
1899— Oct. 13-14 — Third Beta Province Convention, Adrian, Mich.
Nov. 29-Dec. 1 — Third Alpha Province Convention, Burlington, Vt.
Nov. 29 — Third Gamma Province Convention, Baldwin, Kan.
1900 — April 14 — Pi Chapter installed in University of California, Berkeley,
June 26-29 — Fourth National Convention. Second Alumnae Alli-
ance Session, Cincinnati, O. '
June 28-29 — Iota Charter surrendered. Iota Circle Degree estab-
Oct. 27 — Omicron Alliance organized, Syracuse, N. Y.
1901 — May 18 — Theta Alliance organized, Minneapolis, Minn.
Oct. 28 — Delta Alliance organized, Indianola, Iowa.
1902— May 24— Represented in First Inter-Sorority Conference, Chicago,
June — Eta Alliance organized, Burlington, Vt.
June 26-July 1— Fifth National Convention. Third Alumnae Alli-
ance Session, Boston, Mass.
200 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
1903 — June 6 — Rho Chapter installed at Barnard College, Columbia Uni-
versity, New York, N. Y.
June 23 — Beta Alliance organized, Canton, N. Y.
September — Represented in Second Inter-Sorority Conference, St.
1904 — May 20 — Tau Chapter installed in Bucknell University. Lewis-
June 20-25 — Sixth National Convention. Fourth Alumnae Alliance
Session, Galesburg, 111.
Charters granted : Phi Chapter, University of Iowa ;
Chi Chapter, University of Mississippi ; Psi Chapter,
University of Pennsylvania.
June — Rho Alliance organized, New York city.
Sept. 16-17 — Represented in Third Inter-Sorority Conference, Chi-
Sept. 22 — Chi Chapter installed in University of Mississippi, Ox-
Sept. 27 — Phi Chapter installed in University of Iowa, Iowa City,
Sept. 30 — Psi Chapter installed in University of Pennsylvania,
1905 — Pi Alumnae Association organized preparatory to Alliance, Berk-
May 11 — Denver Alliance organized, Denver, Colo.
Sept. 15 — Represented in Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference, Chica-
go, 111. Conference called and presided over by Delta
October — Los Angeles Alliance organized, Los Angeles, Cal.
Oct. 19— First Song Book.
Nov. 29 — Alpha Xi Chapter installed in Randolph-Macon Woman's
College, Lynchburg, Va.
Dec. 8-9 — Fourth Beta Province Convention, Evanston, 111.
1906 — Jan 2 — Mu Alliance organized, Madison, Wis.
March 30 — Nu Alliance organized, Columbus, O.
May 19 — Kappa Alliance organized, Lincoln, Neb.
June 25-30 — Seventh National Convention. Fifth Alumnae Alliance
Session, Syracuse, N. Y.
Sept. 14 — Represented in Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference, Chicago,
September — Vol. I, No. 1 of Private Bulletin issued, named "The
1907 — Jan. 7 — First complete history of Delta Delta Delta.
An alphabetical list of Alpha's founders and first members
and of all the Grand Officers of Delta Delta Delta, with what
biographical data it has been possible to gather.
Special abbreviations: Born, B; Graduated, Grad; High School, H S; Latin
School, L S; Married, M; Charter Member, C M. The date immediately after each
name is the date of initiation into Delta Delta Delta.
Sara (Bartlett) Hayes, A,
(Grand President, 1900-1904.)
Lela M. Klampe, O.
(Grand Hist. 1900-1902.)
Ivy Keller man., n.
(Grand Treas. 1900-1902.)
Elizabeth Tumbleson, S.
(Grand Sec'y, 1900-1904.)
Bessie (Leach) Priddy., r.
(Grand Historian, 1902-1908.)
Annie L. Dyar, T.
(Grand Marshal, 1902-1904.)
Clara F. Stillman_, M.
(G. V. P. Beta, 1900-1902.)
Lucy O. Searle, 2.
(Grand Treas. 1902-1904.)
Julia Clcsterman, Z.
(Editor Trident, 1900-1903.)
Carolyn Spencer, 0.
<G. V. P. Alpha, 1902-1906.)
Louise (Robinson) Rhodes, 6.
(G. V. P. Gamma, 1902-1904.)
Effie Lynch Danforth, I. Estella Trueblood, A,
(G. V. P. Beta, 1900-1902.) (G. V. P. Gamma, 1900-1902.)
Sarah (Tucker) Kurt, H.
(G. V. P. Alpha, 1900-1902.)
Elizabeth (Tumbleson) Luetscher,
(Grand President, 1904-1906.)
Bessie (Leach) Priddy, T.
(Grand Historian. 1902-1908.)
Abercrombie, Mary Taylor, S, (June 2, 1900). B. Dec. 26, 1830,
Baltimore; Grad. H. S. Western, 1899; degree A. B. Woman's College of
Baltimore, 1903. Editor Trident, 1905.
Allen, Emily Frances, A, (Jan. 15, 1839). B. North Providence,
R. I. ; Grad. Miss Pierce's Young Ladies' School, Providence ; degree Ph.
B., Boston University, 1891. Journalistic work and proof reading; Edi-
tor of Trident, 1891-1900; fifth signature on Alpha Constitution.
Badger, Della Alice (Mrs. Edward S. Peyton), A, (Jan. 15, 1889)
Degree A. B., 1892, Boston University ; fourteenth signature on Alpha
Ball, Marion E. P., P„ (C. M.) B. Oct. 19, 1883, Amsterdam, N.
Y. ; Grad. Johnstown, N. Y., H. S. ; degree Barnard College of C. U.,
Bartlett, Sara M. (Mrs. Alfred S. Hayes), A, (Nov.,- 1892). B.
June 25, 1873, Rockland, Mass.; Grad. H. S. 1891; degree A. B., Boston
University, 1896 ; teacher in Revere Public Schools ; first assistant Frye
Private School; M. June 8, 1899, husband lawver; Grand President, 1900-
Breed, Isabel Morgan, A, (Jan. 15, 1889). B. Aup- « 1«67, Lynn,
Mass. ; Grad. Lynn H. S., 1885 ; degree A. B., Boston University, 1889 ;
teacher in Randolph H. S., 1890-1901 ; fourth signature on Alpha Consti-
Burditt, Myrtle May, A, (Jan. 15, 1889) ; degree Boston Univer-
sity. 1892 ; fifteenth signature on Alpha Constitution.
Budd, Etta May, A, (March 7, 1889), A; degree B. S., Iowa State
College, 1882; P. G., Boston, 1888-89; teacher of Art. Iowa State Col-
lege, 18P9-90 ; member faculty Simpson College, 1891 ; founder of A and
Delta Deuteron Chapter of A A A.
Brackett, Bertha, A, (Jan. 15, 1889). Ex.-'91 ; tenth signature on
Carter, Mattie Ora (Mrs. Geo. B. Pratt), A, (Jan. 5, 1839). Ex-
'91 ; eighth signature on Alpha Constitution.
Centre, Hannah Josephine (Mrs. Hayward), A, (Jan. 15, 1889).
Ex-'92 ; sixteenth signature on Alpha Constitution.
Clough, Emily Stickney (Mrs. Harry E. Peabody), A, (Jan. 15.
1889); degree Ph. B., Boston University, 1891; seventeenth signature on
Closterman, Julia E. (Mrs. Frank E. Kugler), Z, (1894). B.
March 22, 1877, Cincinnati; Grad. Hughes H. S., 1894; degree A. B„ U.
of Cincinnati, 1898; Editor Trident, 1900-1903; M. Nov. 4, 1903; hus-
Danforth, Effie Lynch (Mrs. Jas. Renwick McAfee), I, (C. M.)
B. Oct. 24, 1872, Butterworth Station, O. ; Grad. Ann Arbor, Mich., H.
S., 1893 ; Ph. B. degree, Univ. of Michigan ; teacher Private School, New
York City; Grand Vice President Beta Province, 1900-1902; P. G. New
York Univ., 1900, also in Columbia; student in Rome. Italv. 1903; M.
June 21, 1905 ; husband, steel manufacturer.
Dyar, Annie L., T. B. Oct. 11, 1877, Eyota, Minn. ; Grad. Winona,
H. S., 1897 ; B. L. degree, Northwestern Univ., 1901, also * B K, M. A.,
1905. Columbia Univ. ; Grand Marshal, 1902-1904 ; teacher Winona, Minn.,
Edgar, Caroline (Mrs. Chas Erdman), 9, (C. M.) B. Nov. 24,
1871, Sauk Centre, Minn. ; Grad. Sauk Centre H. S., 1889 ; degree, Univ.
of Minneapolis, M. D., 1894; M. Nov. 30, 1896; husband, dentist; Grand
Emerson, Margaret E. (Mrs. C. P. Holway), A, (Jan. 15, 1889) ;
Ex-'91; died March 3, 1906, Chicago, 111; ninth signature on Alpha Con-
202 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Eveleth, Martha L., A. B. Feb. 26, 1870, Durham, Me.; Grad.
Portland, Me., H. S., 1890; degree A. B. Boston Univ., 1894; teacher
Modern Languages ; student abroad ; Grand Vice President, 1894-1897.
Fitch, Rachel Louise, E,, (Nov. 3, 1899). B. Sept. 27, 1878, Galva,
III. ; Grad. Galva H. S. June 6, 1895 ; A. B. degree, Knox College, June
12, 1902 ; college course of eight semesters completed in five and one-
half semesters with 12 honors and college elective positions ; teacher
1897-99 and 1902-3; assistant editor Galve News, 1903-5; editor-in-chief
and business manager Galva News, 1906-7 ; vice president Military Tract
Press Assn. (111.), 1907; Grand Vice President Beta Province, 1904;
Visiting Delegate, 1905 ; Editor of Trident since 1905.
Frankish, Ellen Huntington, K, (C. M.) B. Oct. 18, 1874';
Centerville, Michigan ; Grad. Kalamazoo, Mich., H. S., 1892 ; degree
A. B., Univ. of Nebraska, 1897; teacher of Mathematics : Western Re-
serve Univ., 1898-99, Saginaw, Mich., 1899-00; Grand Marshal, 1897-1900;
Fellowship Univ. of Nebraska, 1900-03 (Math.) ; teacher of Mathematics
at Lincoln Academy, 1903 — .
Gallison, Grace Butler, A, (Jan. 15, 1889). degree A. B., Bos-
ton University., 1892 ; eighteenth signature on Alpha Constitution.
Gibbs, Elizabeth (Mrs. O. L. Palmer) r, (1891). B. June 8. 1872,
at Mason City, Iowa. ; Grad. June 20, 1893, Adrian College, Adrian,
Mich. ; degree Ph. B., Adrian College, A. B., A. M. ; teacher German and
Greek, Adrian College ; M. Sept. 9, 1897 : husband professor of Mathe-
matics ; Grand Vice President, 1897-1900.
Harrison, E. Anna, S, (C. M.) degree A. B., Woman's College,
Baltimorq 1899; editor Trident, 1903-1905.
Jansson, Christine (Mrs. Alonzo Gale Howard), A, (Nov. 22,
1889). B. Jan. 24, 1871, Boston, Mass. ; Grad. Somerville H. S., 1889;
degree, Boston University, 1893 ; teacher in H. S. of Laconia, N. H., and
Gloucester, Mass., six years; M. Sept. 14, 1899; husband, physican.
Johnston K. Courtenay, n, (C. M.) April 14, 1900; degree,
University of California, 1901 ; teacher English, Ventura H. S., 1901-3 ;
Gardena H. S., 1903-5; Los Angeles, 1905 — ; Grand Vice President,
Gamma Province, 1904-1906.
Joslin, Charlotte E., A, (Jan. 15, 1889). B. June 3, Chelsea, Mass.;
Grad. Chelsea H. S., 1888; 1^92, degree A. B., Boston University, A. M.,
1899; teacher Peace Dale, R. I.; foreign travel, 1900; 1900-'01 student
Oxford, England ; secretary R. I. Com. Int. Inst. ; Grand Secretary, 1894-
1897 ; nineteenth signature on Alpha Constitution ; compiled first four
directories of A A A ; teacher English, Woonsocket, R. I., H. S. ; conducts
teachers' party to British Isles, summers.
Kellerman, Ivy, N, (C. M.) B. July 8^ 1877, Oshkosh, Wis.; Grad.
Columbus, O., H. S. ; degree A. B., Ohio State Univ., 1898, also * B K,
M. A., Cornell 1899; Ph. D., Chicago, 1904 (Magna cum Laude) ; student
Royal University of Berlin, 1906-7 ; Grand Treasurer, 1900-02 ; teacher.
Grinnell College, Iowa, 1907.
Klampe, Lela M., ©, (C. M.) B. 1868, Dodtre f******, Minn.;
Grad. Dodge Centre H. S., 1883, Winona Normal, ia^6; student Univ. of
Minn. '84, '95, '96 ; teacher of German, South High School, Minneapolis,
since 1891; Grand Historian, 1902-1904.
Laurson, Almedia (Mrs. Alvah Firman Wingert). E, (C. M.) B.
May 24, 1870, Oneida, 111.; degree A. B, Knox College, 1893; M. June
27, 1895; husband, attorney; Grand President, 1893-1894.
Leach, Bessie M. (Mrs. Frank E. Priddv), r, (C. M.) B. Jan.
19, 1871, Belvidere, 111. ; Grad. N. Belvidere H. S., June 17, 1887 ; teacher
H187-88; degree Ph. B., Adrian College, 1891; Prin. Capron, 111., Public
Schools, 1891-1893; M. Aug. 15, 1893; husband, attorney; teacher Ger-
man, Adrian College, 1900-1901 ; Treasurer Michigan State Fed. Woman's
Clubs, 1898-1900 ; A A A delegate to First Pan-Hellenic and World's Fair
Congress; presiding officer First National Convention of A A A; Grand
Vice President, 1893-1897; Grand Historian, 1902-1908.
Markham, Dora Clementine (Mrs. Herbert Anthony Clark), A,
(C. M.) B. Sept. 13, 1875, West Salem, O. ; Grad. Baker Academy, Bald-
win, Kan., 1892; degree A. B.. Baker University, 1896; Asst. in Latin,
Baker Univ., 1895-96, P. G., Baker Univ., 1396-97; Prin. Osage City,
Kan., H. S., 1898-1902; M. June 12, 1902; husband, teacher Science Dept.,
Syracuse Univ. ; Grand Vice President Gamma Province, 1897-1900.
McKay, Mary A. (Mrs. Roscoe E. Laubach), (C. M.), 2. B June
24, 1872, Camden,, Me.; Grad. Camden H. S., 1890, East Maine Conf.
Seminary. 1892 ; degree A. B, Wesleyan Univ., 1896, and *BK. Teacher,
Camden, Me., 1896-7 ; supervisor and Language teacher, E. Maine Sem-
inary, 1898-1901 ; matron, New Orleans Univ., 1903-1907 ; M. Aug. 25,
1906 ; husband, teacher of Science, New Orleans Univ. ; Grand Treasurer,
MacNeil, Hattie Clinton, A, (Jan. 15, 1889). Ex.-'91 ; sixth sig-
nature on Alpha Constitution.
Norris, Marion Katherine (Mrs. Cyrus E. Pierce), A, (Jan. 18.
1889). Degree A. B., Boston Univ., 1891; student abroad; twelfth signa-
ture on Alpha Constitution.
Olgen, Amy (Mrs. Egbert Nelson Parmelee) T, (March 26, 1901).
B. Chicago, 111., Feb. 1, 1882; Grad. Lake View H. S., 1900; degree
A. B, Northwestern Univ., 1904, also * B K; College General Secretary
Y. W. C. A., 1904-6; M. Sept. 12, 1906; (husband Univ. of Minn., B. S.,
1901, Wash. S. U. A. M., 1905) ; delegate to three Inter-Sorority Con-
ferences, (3, 4, and 5) ; Secretary of third, Chairman o,f fourth ;
Grand Secretary, 1904-1906; Grand President, 1906-1908; settlement work-
Olson, Irene, E. B. July 31. 1883. Galesburg, 111.; Grad. Galesburg
H. S.. 1900; A. B. degree 1905, Knox College; Grand Vice President,
Beta Province, 1905-6 ; teacher, Galesburg.; 111.
Partridge, Mabel (Mrs. Geo. A. Green), A, (Jan. 15, 1889). Ex-
'91 ; thirteenth signature on Alpha Constitution.
Pickford, Merle Sears. M, B. Aug. 10, 1879, Monticello, Wis. ;
Grad. Monroe H. S., 1897 ; degree, University of Wis., 1902, B. L., also
* B K and special thesis honors ; teacher of Ancient History, Eau Claire
H. S. ; Grand Treasurer, 1904-1908.
Pond, Eleanor Dorcas (Mrs. Arthur S. Mann), A, (Nov. 28, 1888).
B. 1867, Franklin, Mass.; Grad. Medway, Mass., H. S., 1885; degree A.
B., Boston Univ., 1889 ; teacher Latin and Science, Webster and Salem,
Mass., Ifi89-1893 ; degree M. D., Tuft's Medical College, 1896 ; first girl
appointed class speaker for Med. Dept. at Tufts; M. 1896, (husband of
Boston Tech. 1896-7) ; post graduate work and practice of medicine in
Chicago ; assistant and medical lecturer, Chicago Post Graduate School ;
1897-1901, medical practitioner and assistant .and lecturer Woman's Med-
ical School. New York City ; 1901-02, private patient, Liberty, N. Y. ;
1902, Mr. Mann's business called them to Sidney, Australia, could not
practice under foreign laws, taught in private high school, also medical
lecturer ; 1903, returned to America ; resides in Schenectady, N. Y. ;
medical practitioner, 1905-06; president Woman's College Club; 1906-7,
Philanthropic Dept. Woman's Club ; an originator and founder of A A A ;
second signature on Alpha Constitution.
Powers, Agnes R. (Mrs. Smith Gardner Dunning), Z. B. Jan. 7,
1873, Cincinnati, O. ; Grad. Hughes H. S.„ 1891; degree A. B., Univ. of
Cincinnati, 1895; Principal Terrace Park H. S.. 1895-99; M. June 29,
1899; husband, clergyman; Grand President, 1900-1902.
204 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Powers, Myra C, T. B. May 11, 1884, Chicago, 111.; Grad. Lake
View H. S., 1902 ; degree, Northwestern Univ., 1906 ; teacher Morris, 111.,
1906-7; Grand Vice President, 1906-8.
Ratterman, Katharine, Z, B. Nov. 25, 1876, Cincinnati, O. ; Grad.
1895, Cincinnati H. S. ; degree A. B., Cincinnati Univ., 1898 and * B K;
Alliance officer, 1905-6-8.
Robinson, Louise (Mrs. John Edgar Rhodes). (C. M.) B. Aug.
28, 1872, Stowe, Vt. ; degree, B. L., University of Minnesota, 1892 ; Jour-
nalist, newspapers, Munsey, McClure, etc. ; M. Nov. 9, 1898 ; husband,
Secretary N. Pine Association ; Grand Vice President, 1902-4, 1906-8 ;
charge of Sewing School, Unity House Social Settlement Work.
Rich, Alice Elizabeth, A, (Jan. 15, 1889). Eleventh signature on
Searle, Lucy Osborne, 2, (C. M.) B. July 31, 1871, Niles, Mich.;
Grad. Everett Home School, 1890; degree, Ph. B., Wesleyan Univ., 1896
and * B K; Grad. Brookline Normal 1899; teacher Everett-Brookline-
Waban, Mass. ; preceptress Kimball Union Academy ; Grand Treasurer,
1902-04; winter of 1896-7 spent in Argentine, S. America.
Shaw, Sara Ida (Mrs. William Holmes Martini. A. (Nov. 28,
1888). B. 1867, St. Louis, Mo.; Grad. B. G. H. S., 1882; B. G. L. S.,
1885 ; degree A. B., Boston University, 1889 ; teacher, Medway, Mass.,
Meriden, Conn., Fort Plain, N. Y., Greek and German ; M. Dec. 24, 1896,
Boston; (husband teacher); author "The Sorority Hand-Book;" First
Grand President, 1888-1T.93 ; Com. Education, 1893-1897; First Grand
Historian, 1897-1902; an originator and founder of A A A; first signature
on Alpha Constitution. Mrs. Martin comes of a family on the mother's
side connected for many generations with Trinity College, England, and
her father's people have been active as leeislators and soldiers since be-
fore the Revolution.
Sherburne, Annie Laurie, H, (C. M.) B. March 24, 1875, North
Pomfret, Mass.; Grad. Woodstock, Vt, H. S., 1891; degree A. B, Univ.
of Vermont, 1897 ; * B K also ; Grand Vice President Alpha Province
1897-1900; teacher Greek and Latin.
Spencer, Carolyn N., O, (C. M.) 1898. B. April 7, 1871, Coventry.
N. Y.; Grad. Greene, N. Y. H. S., 1889; teacher Norwich, N. Y, H. S.,
1897 ; degree A. B., Syracuse University, 1901 ; teacher Latin and Greek
Norwich, N. Y., Glen Cove, L. L; Grand Vice President Alpha Prov
Stillman, Clara L. (Mrs. Rudoloh B. Hartman), M, (April 1,
1898). B. March 11, 1878, Manistee, Mich; Pupil Milwaukee schools; de-
gree B. S., University of Wisconsin, 1901 ; teacher of Science, Rhine-
lander, Wis., 1901-02, Baraboo, 1902, E. Side H. S., Milwaukee. 1906-07;
M. Feb. 11, 1907; Grand Vice President Beta Province, 1902-1904.
Stevens, Mrs. Lotta A. W., A, (Jan. 15, 1889); Ex-1891;
teacher H. S , Coldwater, Mich. ; special work, Boston Univrsity, 1883-
89 : special work University of Giicago, 1889 ; seventh signature on Alpha
Stewart, Florence, A, '(Jan. 15, l\39). B May 26, 1867, Boston,
Mass.; Grad. Medway H. S., 1885; degree A. B., Boston University. 1889;
teacher of Greek and Latin, Whitinsville, Mass., since 1890 ; third signa-
ture on Alpha Constitution.
Stone, Harriet (Mrs. Edward R. Drake). E, (Nov., 1893). B
Sent. 9, 1873. Galesburg, 111. ; Grad. Galesburg H. S : degree B. S., Knox
College, 1397; M. Galesburg 111., June 9, 1904; died Nov. 15. 1906,
Galesburg. 111. ; Grand Secretary, 1897-1900 ; librarian Children's Depart-
ment Public Library, Galesburg, 1902-04.
Trueblood, Estella, A, (C. M.) B. Jan. 29, 186P, Indianola, la.;
GraL Ackworth Academy; student Simpson College; Sec. in excutive
Amy (Olgen) Parmelee, T.
(Grand President, 1906-1908.)
Louise (Robinson) Rhodes, ©. M. Katherine Ratterman, Z.
CG. V P. Gamma. 1906-1908 ) (Alliance Officer. 1005-1908.)
Myra C. Powers, T.
(G. V. P. Beta, 1906-1908 )
Edna (Wharton) Hoch, A. Christine (Jansson) Howard, A.
(Grand Marshal, 1904-1908.) (G. V. P. Alpha, 1906-1908.)
Bessie (Leach) Priddy, r.
(Grand Historian, 1902-1908 )
Amy H. Olgen, J.
(Grand Sec'y, 1904-1906)
Marion E. P. Ball, P.
(Grand Secy. 1906-1908.)
Merle Pickford, M.
(Grand Treas., 1904-1908.)
R. Louise Fitch. E.
(First Chapter Inspector, Editor Trident, 1903-l9:;s.)
TRI DELTAS IN PHI BETA KAPPA. 205
office, Simpson College since 1890; treasurer of Simpson College since
1899 ; Grand Treasurer. 1893-1894 ; Grand Vice President Gamma Prov-
Tucker. Sarah (Mrs. F. F. Kurt), 2, (C. M.) ; degree
Ph. B., Wesleyan University, 1895 ; teacher Willimantic, Conn, 1895-96,
Reading, Mass., 1897-01; Grand Vice President Alpha Province, 1900-
Tumbleson, Elizabeth (Mrs. John A. Leutscher), 3, (C. M.) B.
Oct. 7, 1879, Baltimore, Md. ; Grad. Girls' L. School of Baltimore, 1896;
degree A. B., Woman's College, Baltimore, 1900; M. July 16, 1906; hus-
band, physician ; Grand Secretary, 1900-04 ; Grand President, 1904-06.
Wait, FAhth M. (Mrs. A. D. Colson), B, (C. M.) B. Sept. 13,
1865, Canton, N. Y. ; Grad. Canton H. S., 1885 ; entered St. Lawrence Univ.,
1889; degree, B. S., 1893; M. Jan. 21, 1897; husband, clergyman; Grand
Wharton, Edna (Mrs. Homer Hoch), A, (Oct.. 1899). B. Sept. 9,
1878, Gridley, Colo.; Grad. Arkansas City H. S. June, 1897; degree B. L.,
Baker Univ., June, 1903; M. June 7, 1905; husband, journalist; GranJ
Vore, Anna L. T.. K, (Q M.) B. Nov. 24, 1877, Milton, Ind. ; stu-
dent Kansas City H. S. ; degree A. B., Univ. of Nebraska, 1900, also
* B K; Grand Marshal, 1900-02; teacher Lincoln, Neb.
N. B. — It appears that on account of illness, Marion Katherine
Norris, while one of the original first eighteen signers of the Constitution,
was obliged to appear for initiation at a later date anH +i-.~+ the nine-
teenth signer, Charlotte E. Joslin, was one of the first eighteen initiated.
The names of the other first year members (through Nov. 22, 1889) in
the order of their signatures, are Bertha Lee Gardner, Maud Eliza
Muzzy. Blanche Ellen Seaver, Mabel Partridge, Carrie Usher Tanner,
Clara Grace Ayres, all of '92, and Nettie Louisa Buckland, Mary Eliza-
beth Cochrane, Etta Tone Terry, Martha Nichols Hobart, Christine Eve-
lyn Jansson, Edith Knowles, Susie Ida Sayre and Flora Mandane Smith, all
of '93. Of these girls, Bertha Lee Gardner held the first general alumnae
office, Alumnae Editor of Trident, Clara Grace Ayres was the first presi-
dent of the first Alliance, and Blanche Ellen Seaver was AAA delegate
to first Pan-Hellenic.
Tri Deltas in Phi Beta Kappa
Alpha (1888), Boston University. * B K Established 1899.
1899— Marion E. Clark. 1901— Mabel F. Barnum.
1899 — Ada A. Cole. 1902 — Hilda J. Barnes.
1900 — Sarah L. Peckover. 1902 — Grace Barnum.
1901— Winifred E. Howe. 1906— Annie T. Gilchrist.
Beta (1891), St. Lawrence University.
1896 — Rhoda Richardson. 1906 — Frances Atwater.
1899— Grace Yale Atwater. 1906— Etta Fraser.
1903— Edna Heckles.
Zeta (1892), University of Cincinnati.
1891 — Margaret Layman. 1899— Adele Bentlev.
1892— Estelle M. Riley. 1899— Sarah Albray.
206 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
1893— Emilie M. Esselborn. 1902 — Katherine Babbitt.
1894 — Lucy Lambdin. 1902 — Elizabeth Diserens.
18 94_Alma S. Fick. 1904— Ida Estelle Davis.
1896 — Mary Sibley Evans. 1904 — Lucy Weimar Collins.
1898 — Julia Bentley. 1905— Sue Mackelfresh.
1898 — M. Katherine Ratterman. 1905 — Helen Stein.
Eta (1893), University of Vermont.
L391— Hattie K. Andrews. 1898— Abbie Leonard.
1894 — Irene Lee. 1898 — Annie Laurie Sherburne.
1898 — Carrie Deavitt. 1906 — Gertrude Whittimore.
Theta (1894), University of Minnesota.
1896— Mary Smith. 1899— Effie Jacobsen.
1896— Lydia M. Plummer. 1903— Alice Dyar.
1897— Kate McDermid. 1903— Ruth Babcock.
1899— Kate Bennett.
Kappa (1894), University of Nebraska ($ B K Classics only.)
1896 — Sara Taylor Vore. 1905 — Katherine Lumry.
1900 — Anna S. T. Vore. 1905 — Alma Vandeveer.
Mu (1898), University of Wisconsin.
1899— Gertrude Stillman. 1902— Merle S. Pickford.
1900— Florence E. Allen. 1903— Theo. B. Pickford.
Nu (1896), Ohio State University. $ B K. Established 1905.
1901— Edith Rees. 1903— Sue Garman.
1898 — Ivy Kellerman. 1903 — Mima Weaver.
Xi (1898), Woman's College, Baltimore. $ B K. Established
1899 — Annie Hoffman. 1905 — Emily Sleeman.
Omicron (1898), Syracuse University.
1903— Bertha Beach. 1904— Claudia Allen.
1903 — Jessie Worden. 1904 — Minnie Crofoot.
1904 — Jennie Brown.
Pi (1900), University of California.
1901— Evelyn Mariana Ratcliffe. 1903— Mary Edith McGrew.
Sigma (1895), Wesleyan University.
1896— Mary A. McKay. 1902— Alice Winifred English.
1^96 — Lucy Osborne Searle. 1902 — Eldora J. Birch.
1897— Augusta C. Meeks. 1903— Mary Elizabeth Bagg.
1897— Mary A. Adams. 1905— Clara Sykes.
1897— Carrie Tappan Brown. 1905— Ruth Dean.
1899 — Charlotte Benson Frost. 1906 — Margaret Elizabeth Donahoe.
1902— Elizabeth P. Peck. 1906— Faye Mildred Keene. •
1902— Margaret Griswold.
IN MEMORIAM. 207
Upsilon (1895), Northwestern University.
1896— Grace dough. 1901— Mary Ferris
1898— Eva Barker. 1901— Anne Dyar.
1898— Teresa Metcalf. 1902 — Isabel Low.
1900— Anne Metcalf. 1904— Amy H. Olgen.
Phi (1904), University of Iowa.
1905— Ethel Nichols. 1906— Mildred Price.
1905— Winifred Morris of A Chapter. 1907— Florence O'Dell.
N. B. — Apparent discrepancies in dates of establishing of * B K in
institution and the class of recipients is on account of faculties awarding
the honor to former graduates on account of unusual merits or attain-
Tri Deltas in Sigma Xi
Theta (1894), University of Minnesota.
1897— Claribel Angle. 1902— Edith Thomas.
1897— Kate McDermid. 1906— Fay Newton.
1901— Edith Patch.
N. B. — The University of Minnesota is the only school in which
there is a chapter of A A A and also one of 2 3.
Grace Atherton. Margaret (Emerson) Holway.
Ida Alice Blanchard. Edith Knowles.
Laura A. Libbey. Carrie E. Batchelder.
Mary E. Putnam.
Rhoda Emma Richardson.
Rose McCormick. Sadie Parsons.
Fronia (Rhonemus) Spencer. Abbie (Wakefield) Hamilton.
Vena (Vaughn) Cutler. Gratia Chaplain (pledge).
Dorothy (Baker) Culver. Mary (Smith) Williams.
Onita (Elliott) McLean.
Evehm Starr (Iowa State College). Maybelle Nelson.
Violet Quint (Iowa State College). Sallie (Page) Kelley.
Mary Berry. Hattie (Richardson) Perry.
May (Murry) White.
Nellie Ayres. Ida C. Clemens.
Nellie Staat. Harriet (Stone) Drake.
Jennie (Randall) Alt. Katherine Babbitt.
history of delta delta delta.
Emily W. Lucia Thayer.
Elizabeth Converse Johnson.
Helen Gordon Clark.
Edna S. Adams.
Sarah Elizabeth Barron.
Eliza (Perkins) Pope.
Edith M. Thomas.
Alvena D. Reichman.
May Bailey (Pledge).
Charlotte (Seabury) Hathway. Olivia (Hatfield) Swett.
Matilda Scheussler (Charter Applicant).
Martha (White) Wheeler. Bertha (Metcalf) Strickler.
Members of Delta Delta Delta
(Names in italics are charter signers.)
Adams, Clara A. (Mrs. Guy Flanders), A. B., '95, Lancaster, N. H.
Ainley, Edith L, Chester, Vt.
Allen, Emily Frances, Ph. B., 1891, 12 Somerset St., Boston, Mass.
Andrews, Alice Buswell, 1907, 74 Central St., Hudson, Mass.
Atherton, Annabel, A. B., 1901, (Mrs. J. H. Chaffee), Maiden, Mass.
Atherton, Grace, (Deceased, 1896).
Atwood, Anjanette G., A. B., 1898, 5 Chester St., Cambridge, Mass.
Ayers, C. Grace, A. B., 1892, 26 Hermon St., Winthrop, Mass.
Badger, Delia A. (Mrs. Edward S. Payton), A. B., 1892,621 E. 18th St.,
Bailey, Ethel Maude, Claremont, N. H.
Baker, Edith R, A. B., 1903, 1800 Mass. Ave., Cambridge, Mass.
Barnes, Hildah J. (Mrs. George L. Ward), A. B., 1901, 916 Main St.,
Barnum, Grace A. (Mrs. Alfred Hubach), Ph. B., 1902, 3217 Park Ave.,
Kansas City, Mo.
Barnum, Mabel F., A. B., 1901, 19 Oak St., 'Middleboro, Mass.
Bartlett, Bertha, A. B., 1896, 130 South St., Reading, Mass.
Bartlett, Sara M. (Mrs. Alfred S. Hayes). A. B., 1896, Hillside Farm.
Batchelder, Carrie E., A. B., 1895.
Bateman, May E. Ex. 1904, Waverly, Mass.
Bayley, Frances J. (Mrs. Harry P. Packard), Ex. If 97, Amer. Pres.
Mission, Urumia, Persia.
Beddoe, Carrie D. (Mrs. Edward Foster Chamberlain), Ph. B., 1393,
103 Carnegie Ave., E. Orange, N. J.
Bennor, Edith (Mrs. Harry E. Stone), 258 Broadway, Somerville, Mass.
Benton, Margaret J. Ex. 1905, (Mrs. H. Seward), 3 Otis St., Watertown,
Berton, Margaret F, A. B., 1890.
Black, Alice G., A. B., 1901, 23 Boston St., Maiden, Mass.
Blanchard, Ida Alice, Ex. 1894, Deceased.
Bond. Grace Lillian (Mrs. Chas. Howard), A. B., 1895, Claremont, N. TT.
Brackctt, Bertha, Hyde Park Mass.
Brackett, Bessie M.. 1905, Berwick, Me.
Breed. Isabel M., A. B., 1889, 112 Green St., Lynn, Mass.
Buckland, Nettie L. Ex. 1893, Passaic, N. J.
Burdeti. Myrtle M., Ph. B., 1892, 768 Boston St., Lynn. Mass.
Burnett, Minnie M. (Mrs. Wm. E. Ennis), A. B., 1903, Yarmouth, Mc.
Burrage. Myra Allen Ex. 1898, 7 Maple Ave., Westerly. R. I.
Capen. Ina Florence (Mrs. Chas. H. Dow), A. B., 1901, 107 Gainsboro
St.. Boston, Mass.
Carnes, Anna Belle (Mrs. Wm. B. Webster), Ph. B., 1900, 580 B-oad St.
E. Weymouth, Mass.
Carter, Mattie O. (Mrs. Geo. Bertrand Pratt), Ex. 1890, 103 Blooming-
dale St., Chelsea, Mass.
Center, Hanna J. (Mrs. Elisha F. Hayward), 1891, 4 Fairmont St, Wo-
210 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Cheney, Effie M. (Mrs. Arthur S. Van Ostrand), Ex. lf,99, New Ken-
sington, Pa., P. O. Box 593.
Clark, Gertrude, 163 Hobart St., Danvers, Mass.
Clark, Marion E., Ph. B., 1399, 325 N. Main, Brockton, Mass.
Clough, Emily (Mrs. H. E. Peabody) Ph. B., 1891, 294 Windsor Ave.,
Clough, Sallie M., A. B., 1903, 21 Walnut St., Arlington, Mass.
Cochrane, Mary E., A. B., 1893, 7 Mansfield St., Allston, Mass.
Cochrane, Susan L. (Mrs. Susan L. Greeley) Ex. 1892, 7 Mansfield St.,
Cole, Ada Augusta, Ph. B., 1899, 136 Perkins St., Somerville, Mass.
Cole, Edith, 1906, 27 Moultrie St., Dorchester Center, Mass.
Cole, Ruby Hasseltine, 1906, 36 Sycamore St., Roslindale, Mass.
Collins, Mary D., A. B., 1897, 108 N. 3rd St., Victor, Colo.
Cowan, Bertha May, 19 Mt. Vernon, Cliftondale, Mass.
Crosby, Evelyn Ex. 1903, Centerville, Mass.
Crowell, Edith, W. Dennis, Mass.
Currier, Alice V, Ph. B., 1894, Middleton, Mass.
Dagemann, Marie E. Ex. 1899, 4 Auburn St., Everett. Mass.
Daniels, Ella L., Ph. B., 1896, 50 Spring St., Somerville, Mass.
Davis, Eleanor Pearl, Ashland, Mass.
Dickermann, Grace L. ' (Mrs. H. L. Holcomb), A. B.. 1895, Fredonia.
Dimond, Marion E., 1904, Manchester Center, Vt.
Eaton, Luella Miranda, 1895, 114 Newbury, St., Boston, Mass.
Eldredge, Viola W. (Mrs. T. C. Gates), 216 Metropolitan Ave., Roslin
Elliot, Florence G. Ex. 1899, Millbank, S. Dakota.
Emerson, Margaret E. (Mrs. C. P. Holway), (Died, March 3, 1906).
Evans, Lucy Frances, 1906, 32 Pearl St., Somerville, Mass.
Eveleth, Martha, A. B., 1894, 26 Hermon St., Danvers, Mass.
Ferry, Etta lone (Mrs. Geo. L. Plimpton), 1890, Tilton Sem., Tilton.
Fish, Nellie G. (Mrs. C. C. Brain), A. B., 1902, 539 W. 155 St., New
Fogg, Mabel Blanche, Ph. B., 1901, (Mrs. Harry Garcean), Ashley St.,
Follett, Mary Lucretia, Ph. B., 1898, 212 W. 83rd St., New York, N. Y.
Ford, Marion L., 1906 (Mrs. Alden H. Speare) 1207 Michigan Ave.,
Fox, Bertha C, A. B., 1894, Fuller St., New Dorchester, Mass.
Gage, Sara L. (Mrs. J. E. Lacount) Ex. 1901, 167 Chestnut. Gardner,
Galbraith, Emma W., 83 Columbia Road, Dorchester Center, Mass.
GalVson, Grace B., A B , 1902, 52 Harrison St., Newton Highlands, Mass.
Gardner, Angelina, 14 Center St., Danvers, Mass.
Gardner, Bertha L., A. B., 1892, 218 Maryland Ave , N. E., Washington.
Gardner, Hope, Caribou, Me.
Garfield, M. Grace, 1907, 8 Plymouth Pt, Brockton, Mass.
Gilchrist, Annie True, 1906, 148 Bellevue, Melrose, Mass.
Gleason, Emma W., Ph. B., 1895, 270 S. Union St., Rockland, Mass.
Gove, Louise I., 41 Harold St., Roxbury, Mass.
Grace, Ethel A., 1904, 15 Prospect St., Hartford, Conn.
Hagarty, Mary Alice, 1907, 1 Centre Ave., Dorchester Center, Mass.
Hall, Emily A. (Mrs. Daniel A. Cook) A. B., 1896, 431 Putman Ave..
Hatch, Edna L., Ex. 1899, Concord, Mass.
Hayes, Bertha Frances, 1907, 72 Park Road, Brockton, Mass.
Heath, Florence Agnes, 1906, Northboro, Mass.
DELTA DELTA DELTA — ALPHA CHAPTER. 211
Howe, F. Maude (Mrs. T. W. Phelps) A. B., 1897, June St., Worcester,
Howe, Winnifred Eva A. B., 1901, June St.. Worcester, Mass.
Hubbard, Maude B, Ex. 1903, Wilbraham, Mass.
Hubbard, Ruth E., Ph. B., 1899, 1100 Prospect Place, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Jansson, Alice L. Ex. 1900, 102 Wallace St., W. Somerville, Mass.
Jansson, Christine E. (Mrs. A. G. Howard) A. B., 1893, 1977 Center St.,
W. Roxbury, Mass.
Jones, S. Elizabeth (Mrs. Geo. E. Varney) A. B., 1895, 44 Gray St.,
Joslin, Charlottte E., A. B., 1892, 105 Chester St., Chelsea, Mass.
Keach, Minnie K. (Mrs. E. R. Buckner) 23 Ellsworth Ave., Cambridge,
Kellogg, Cora E., Ekonk, Conn.
Kilburn, Florence M., Ph. B., 1894, 80 Willoughby St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
King, Georgia Anna, Hallowell, Me.
Knowles, Edith, A. B., 1893, 3 Proctor St., Gloucester, Mass.
Lamont, Mary A. (Mrs. Arthur R. Webster) Ph. B., 1899, 15 Royal St.,
Lander, Vera, 839 E. 5th St., S. Boston, Mass.
Leach, Marion Dana, 1905, Appleton St., Waltham, Mass.
Leighton, M. Isabel (Mrs. Damon E. Hall) A. B., 1901, 169 Upland
Road, Cambridge. Mass.
Libby, Laura A. (Deceased), Ph. B., 1899.
Lord, Emily D., 19 Parker St., Melrose, Mass.
Lovell, Edith Marion, A. B., 1903, 419 Warren Ave., Brockton, Mass.
MacLellan, Viola M., A. B., 1897, Johns Hopkins Hosp., Baltimore, Md.
MacNeil, Harriet Clinton, Ex. 1890, 82 Lenox Ave., Pittsfield, Mass.
MacTaggart, Jean, 51 Mt. Globe St., Fitchburg, Mass.
Mansfield, Lyda C. (Mrs. Frank P. Rafter), Ex. 1900, 30 Vose Ave.,
Hyde Park, Mass.
Marr, Lillian G., A B., 1897, 6 Warner St., Gloucester, Mass.
Mason, Carrie L, A. B., 1900, Beverly, Mass.
McConnel, Lena, Ex. 1903, Boise City, Idaho.
Meagher, M. Alice, A. B., 1898, Wellesley Hills, Mass.
Merrill, Flora H. (Mrs. Fred S. Kimball) Ex. 1898, Littleton, Mass.
Merrill, Gertrude, A. B., 1901, 7 Boardman St., Salem. Mass.
Merrill, Helen A. B., 1903, 7 Boardman St.. Salem Mass.
Morgan, Norma P. (Mrs. W. Lord), Ex. 1903, care of F. H. Morgan, 36
Bromfield St., Boston, Mass.
Munster, Bertha F, Ph. B., 1902, 25 Grant St, Waltham, Mass.
Muzzy, Mary A. (Mrs. Henry E. Trefethen) 1898, Kents Hill, Me.
Muzzy, Maude E., 1893, 31 Vinal Ave., Somerville. Mass.
Nelson, Ruth C. (Mrs. Torsten Peterson), 250.1 Etna St., Berkley, Cal.
Newhall, Helen Agusta, 1907, 4 Boardman St., Salem, Mass.
Nickerson, Marion H., A. B v 1903, (Mrs. R. Brainbridge), Wallaston,
Noon, Edith, A, A. B., 1894, Trans, from Delta, Pathfinder. Wyo.
Norris, Marion K. (Mrs. C. E. Pierce) A. B., 1891, 21 W. Emerson St.,
Olney, Persis Chapin, 1907, 10 Haskell St., Cambridge, Mass.
Parker, Ella M., A. B.. 1902, 59 Robbins St., Waltham, Mass.
Partridge. Mabel (Mrs.' Geo. A. Green) Ex. 1891, Medway, Mass.
Paul, Esther D., A. B., 1R94, 32 Magazine St., Cambridge, Mass.
Peckover, Sarah Lydia (Mrs. Leon G. Beeley), A. B., 1900, A. M., 1902.
241 Broadway, Lawrence. Mass.
Perry.; Eva L., 1908, W. Dennis, Mass.
Perry, Minnie R, W. Dennis, Mass.
Phelps, Elizabeth Alice. Ex. 1904. Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, Mass.
Pinfield, Priscilla, 38 Ridge St., Roslindale, Mass.
212 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Pond, Eleanor D. (Mrs. Arthur S. Mann), A. B., 1888, M. D., 1896,
Schenectady, N. Y.
Putman, Mary E. Ex. 1903, Deceased.
Ray, Alice Josephine. 1908, Maui St., Maiden, Mass.
Rea, Ethelwyn A., 1896, 1 Howard St., Maiden, Mass.
Rhodick, Georgia M. (Mrs. H. Hartwell), A. B., 1903, Portland, Me.
Rich, Alice Elizabeth, 1891.
Rich, Mary Frank (Mrs. Frederick H. Nash), A B., 1896 160 Upland
Road, Cambridge, Mass.
Richardson, Blanche, 1907, 1553 Blue Hill Ave., Mattapan, Mass.
Rushmore, E. Louise, 101 Trembnt St., Room 402 Boston, Mass.
Santon, Addie B. (Mrs. J. W. Stephan), A. B., 1898, 14 Church St.,
Sayre, Susie I., Ph. B., 1893, Merrimac, Mass.
Seaver, Blanche E. (Mrs. H. W. Johnson), Ph. B, : 1891, 14 S. 54th Ave.
W. Duluth, Minn.
Shaw, Sarah Ida (Mrs. Wm. Holmes Martin) A. B., 1889, Bay State
Road, Canton, Mass.
Shelton, Emma Dorcas, A. B., 1898, 389 Main St.. Brockton, Mass.
Smith, Flora M., B. L., 1K95, B. S., 1896, Thompsonville. Ct.
Smith, Mildred Louise (Mrs. Cardinal L Goodwin), A. B., 1904, Lvndon-
Steadman, Helen Augusta, 1905. 55 W. Elm St., Brockton, Mass.
Stevens, Mrs. Lotta A. W ., Ex. 1891.
Stewart, Florence Isabelle, A. B., 1889, Nellis,, Mass.
Stiles, Bertha (Mrs. J. A. Hefflon) Ex. 1893, Cochituate, Mass.
Stone, Alma Drayton, 25 Brook St.. Somerville, Mass.
Symonds, Amanda Ingalls (Mrs, Harold E. Edson) 1904, Littleton, N. H.
Symonds, Claire May, 152 Holton St., Danvers, Mass.
Tanner, Corrie U., A. B., 1892, Fruitdale Dimond P. O., Almeda Co.,
Thatcher, Louise Almira, 1906, Merrimac, Mass.
"Townsend, Flora Belle (Mrs. Geo. R. Booth) Ex. 1896, 1119 State St.,
Travis, Helen Sanborn, 302 Saratoga St.. Cohoes. N. Y.
Upham, Elizabeth W.., 14 Chestnut St., Chelsea. Mass.
Upham, Mary L. (Mrs. E. Sturdivant) Ph. B . 1894.
Van Ostrand, Nellie B. (Mrs. H. F. Legg), HoUiston, Mass.
Vining, Mary L (Mrs. Percy C. Sturdivant) 1894, 23 Gleason St.. West
Watts, Cora E. Ex. 1897, 253 Lexington St.. East Boston. Mass.
Wfells, Emma Lou (Mrs. Samuel M. Blandford) Ex. 1896, 131 Wash-
ington Ave., Chelsea, Mass.
Wheeler, Camille Florence. 1906, 16 Columbia St.. Cambridge, Mass.
Whittier, Martha Taylor, 1904, Bellevue College, Bellevue, Neb.
Ackerman, Emma Wilhelmina, 1907, Warwick, N Y.
Atwater, Frances Louise, 1906, Canton, N. Y.
Atwater, Grace Yale (Mrs. A. Y. Soule), A. B., 1899, 1940 Penn Ave. Los
Baker, Mamie Linda (Mrs. Ralph W. Coddington), A. B., 1895, 239 Doug-
las Bldg, Los Angeles, Cal.
Baker, Nellie Leona. Ex. 1893. Colton, N. Y.
Casey. Abbie Elizabeth (Mrs. J. C. Hurley), A. B. 1891, 241 E. McKinlev
St., Phoenix, Ariz.
Corey, Emma Louise, 1905, No. 16 Court St.. Auburn. N. Y.
Cramer, Barbara Elizabeth, Fort Ann, N. Y.
Dean, Grace Louise, 1152 39th St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Delaney, Josephine, 1904, Clayton, N. Y.
DELTA DELTA DELTA — BETA CHAPTER. 213
Farmer, Verna, Ex. 1905, 218 W. Bridge St., Elyria, Ohio.
Farmer, Inez B. (Mrs. S. B. Fauver), Ex. 1902, 1125 Middle Ave., Elyria,
Foley, Gertrude Mabel, Clayton, N. Y.
Fraser, Etta Evelyn, 1906, Fort Covington, N. Y.
Gardner, Lena Mildred, Ex. 1900, Canton, N. Y.
Gibbs, Hazel Eva, Little Falls, N. Y.
Hallahan, Cornelia M., A. B. 1902, Canton, N. Y.
Hart, Bessie Alexander, 1906, Little Falls, N. Y.
Heckles, Olive Edna, A. B. 1903, Canton, N. Y.
Hinds, Belle S., Ex. 1901, 261 Vanness Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.
Hitchcock, Eva Augusta (Mrs. Ralph Horn), 1892, Richfield Springs, N
Hulett, Minnie A. D. (Mrs. E. L. Hulett), Canton, N. Y.
Hulett, Sarah Emma, 1906, Brushton, N. Y.
Hulburd, Annabel, A., 1898, Valley Falls, N. Y.
Jackson, Bertha C. (Mrs. J. O. Bennett), Ex. 1899, 1 Moore St., Newark.
Jackson, Carrie D. (Mrs. G. C. Sawyer), 18^2, Canton, N. Y.
Jackson, Florence Mabel (Mrs. F. Green), 1893, Lyons, N Y.
Jackson, Minnie C. (Mrs. S. G Ayers), Ph. B. 1897, 29 High St, St. Al-
bans. N. Y.
Kaylor, Winnie Carinne, Canton, N Y.
Kierman, Mary B., 1904, 242 E. 50th St., New York, N. Y.
Lewis, Irene L. (Mrs. A. S. Bedell), 1882, 351 W. 51st St., New York, N.
Liddie, Anna M. (Mrs. A. M. Schoene), Ex. 1901, 200^ Dodier St., St.
McCormick, Helen P., 400 8th St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
McGinnis, Margaret Alice, Canton, N. Y.
Millen, Gladys Virginia, Ex. '07, Middletown. N. Y.
Mills, Alice A., Ph. B. 1900, Canton, N. Y.
Moog, Wilhelmina Rebecca, Ex. 1904, Banner Ave., Forest Park, Balti-
Morgan, Clara E., 1894, Nunda, N. Y.
Morrow, Nina Esther, 34 Winslow St., Watertown, N. Y.
Murray, Margaret Jane (Mrs. Wm. Rafferty), A. B. 1894, 708 Amsterdam
Ave., New York, N. Y.
Noel, Helen Charlotte, 2327 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Md.
Nutting, Delia I. (Mrs. Wm. Gregory), B. S. 1903, Woodville, N. Y.
O'Neil, Florence Louise, Ex. 1909, St. Regis Falls, N. Y.
Paddock, Ella Cahoon, 1907, Malone, N. Y.
Paul, Clara Frances, Granville, N. Y.
Peck, Ethol Eva, 1906, Brushton, N. Y.
Perkins, Alice, 1901, Canton, N. Y.
Perkins, Ethel Leonard (Mrs. Herbert H. Dewey), 1904, 1407 State St.,
Schecnectady, N. Y.
Perkins, Gertrude Emily, A. B. 1897, Canton, N. Y.
Perkins, Grace Elizabeth (Mrs. Sam'l Newman) ,A. B. 1903, Grand
Forks, N. D.
Perkins. Kate F, A. B. 1900, Canton, N. Y.
Pierce, Helen Margaret, Ex. 1903, 10 Clav St., Watertown, N. Y.
Potter, Veva E. (Mrs. B. Storrs), B. S. 1902, Portsmouth, R. I.
Preston, Julia Wells B. S. 1905, 91 Newkirk St., Jersey City, N. J.
Richardson. Rhoda Emma, Ph. B. '96, deceased.
Robinson, Gertrude M., A. B. 1901, Larchmont Manor, Larchmont, N. Y.
Rushton, Blanche. Ex. 1905, Chapel St., No. 6, Canton, N. Y.
Sahlin, Gretchen Irene, 209 West High St., Urbana. 111.
Sails, Grace G., Ex. 1902, (transferred to K), 1618 Boone Ave., Epokane,
214 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Sawyer, Helen Amy, 1907, 102 Main, Canton, N. Y.
Seymour, Rhea B., Limestone, N. Y.
Snow, Ruth Caroline, 1904, Lanesboro Mass.
Spencer, Esther, 1903, Franklyn St., Watertown, N. Y.
Stanton, Anna E, 1904, Ticonderoga, N. Y.
Stevens, Velma K., 540 Western Ave., Lynn, Mass.
Sudds, Kate (Mrs. Almon Lytle), B. S. 1901, 5 Day's Park, Buffalo, N.
Sumner, Caroline L, B. S. 1898, Norwood, N. Y.
Thayer, Susa (Mrs. Jas. R. Pratt), Ex. 1904, Sherman, N. Y.
Thomas,' E. Loraine (Mrs. Leroy Coons), 5 Lincoln St., Brunswick, Me.
Traver, Mary (Mrs. A. L. Ladd), B. S. 1896, Canton, N. Y.
Vinson, Nina May, Ph. B., 1894, South Randolph, Vt.
Wait, Edith (Mrs. A. D. Colson), B. S. 1893, Bethel, Maine.
Wallace, Lena May, 1905, Canton, N. Y.
Williams, A. Isabel, B. S. 1899, 113 Claremont Ave., Montclair.N. J.
Wood, Bertha Ellen, B. S. 1903, Dexter, N. Y.
Woods, Helen, Ex. 1897, 211 W. 101 st, St., "The Milford." New York.
Wright, Helen, Smith's Basin, N. Y.
Allis, Sarah (Mrs. Enos DeWaters), Ph B. 1901, Flint, Mich.
Anthony, Nina (Mrs. James W. Nixon), Ex. 1392, Holloway, Mich.
Bailey, Maud, Manchester, O.
Baker, Dora Estella (Mrs. Lucien Culver),, B. M. '96, deceased, Adrian,
Bangham, Ada M. (Mrs. S. C. Morrow), Ex. 1898, Jeffersonville, O.
Baker, Mary Alta, Ex. 1905, Gibson City, 111.
Bedell, Lena Ex. 1904 (pledged), 22 Merrick St., Adrian, Mich.
Black, Mattie, Ph. B. 1903, Whitehouse. Ohio.
Blain, Kathleen, Ph. B. 1895, A. B. 1898, 4217 Stevens St., Tacoma, Wash.
Brierlv, Mabel, B. M. 1901 512 13th Ave., New Brighton, Pa.
Cairns, Annie (Mrs. H. L. Feeman), B. L.-1900, 185 W. Maumee St.,
Carter, Nina, 144 Michigan Ave., Adrian. Mich.
Chapman, Gratia (pledged), deceased, (from Olymphia, Wash.,) Adrain,
Crum, Mabel (Mrs. Roy E. McManiman\ B. L. 1901 tr. to E., 237 Gar-
field Ave., Galesburg, 111.
Doane, Eva (Mrs. Thos. Elwood Randall), Ex. 1903. Lenawer Junction,
Eayrs,' Clara N. (Mrs. C. W. Stiedle), Ex. 1891, Milan, Mich.
Elliott, Oneta (Mrs. McLean), Ex. 1893. Died 1904, West Lafayette, O.
Fickis, Sara Marie, 6200 Penn Ave., Pittsburg, Pa.
Fleming, Abbie, 177 W. Maumee St., Adrian, Mich.
Fox, Minnie Myrtle, B. M. 1904, Farmer City, Ills.
Frink, Edna (Mrs. S. Mummery), Ex. 1899, St. Johns, Mich.
Fuller, Nettie Lou, B. L. 1898, 219 E. Seminary St. Charlotte, Mich.
Gray, Ura May (Mrs. Nimmocks), B. M. 1894, Great Bend Kans. Died
Jan. 13. 1907.
Gregory, Beulah, Ex. 1905. 60 College Ave., Adrian, Mich.
Gibbs, Elizabeth G. (Mrs. O. L. Palmer), Ph. B. 1893, A. B. 1895, A. M.
1897. 29 Park St., Adrian, Mich.
Guarch, Blanca, San Juan, Porto Rico, (Adrian, Mich.)
Guarch, Pepita, San Juan, Porto Rico.
Hardy, Eliza, Ex. 1899, 46 Broad St., Adrian, Mich.
Hardv Marjorie, 63 Maine St., Adrian. Mich.
Harriman, Donna Mae, Ex. 1903, Richwood, Ohio.
Hauter, Julia, Tower Hill, 111.
DELTA DELTA DELTA — GAMMA CHAPTER. 215
Hicks, Mrs. Octa N., Ex. 1899, (Mrs. Arthur Hicks), Lansing, Mich.
Hopkins, Clara Bronson, B. M. 1891, 40 Main St., Adrian, Mich.
Hughes, Nettie Bell, Ex. 1907, Youngstown, Pa.
Hyde, Adelaide May, Ex. 1891, 2144 St. James Ave., Cincinnati, O.
Jordan, Lulu Maude (Mrs. Earl Means), B. M. 1904, Gibson City, 111.
Jovce, Martha (Mrs. Homer R. Rogers), Ex. 1903, 129 N. Fourth St.,
Judson, Alice Helene (Mrs. Sutton), B. M. 1906, Clayton, Mich.
Kingsbury, Floy J. (Mrs. Fred Lamb), A. B. 1900, 65 Lewis St., Perth
Amboy, N. J.
Kinney, Emma, B. L. 1893 U. of Cincinnati, trans. Zeta 1892, 3600 Mooney
Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Lackey, Lena (Mrs. Earl West), Ex. 1900, 90 College Ave,. Adrian, Mich.
Lambert, Bertha (Mrs. Mann), B. L. 1901, Pecatonica, Ills.
Leach, Bessie M. (Mrs. Frank Priddy), Ph. B. 1891, 124 W. Maumee,
McCormick, Elizabeth Rose. Died 1894. (Mt. Vernon, O.)
McCormick, Susan Ada, Ex. 1894 Mt. Vernon, Ohio.
McManniman, Grace, Ex. 1905, West Lafayette, O.
Milne, Jessie (Mrs. Walter Payne), Ex. 1892, 214 E 61st St., Chicago, 111.
Morden, Mary Mason, B. L. 1897, 14 N. Winter St., Adrian, Mich.
Mulvane, Daisy (Mrs. Prosser), Ex. 1890, St. Charles, Mo.
Meyrs, Julia (Mrs. Victor Dewey), B. L. 1897, 79 Delaware Ave., Detroit,
Nash, Edith Mae (Mrs. L. W. Burton), B. L. 1901, La Fargiville, N. Y.
Page, Bertha Helen (Mrs. L. B. Robertson), Ex. 1898, 21 State St., Adri-
Pancake, Adeline Stark (Mrs. Rowlan). Ex. 1892, London, Ohio.
Parsons, Sadie, Ex. 1902. Deceased 1902, Adrian, Mich.
Poage, Anna (Mrs. A. E. Poage), Ex. 1390, Ashland, Ky.
Porter, Anna Lou (Mrs. Geo. Milne), Ex. 1891, 512 Scott St., Wheaton,
Porter, Bertha (Mrs. Morris Dillon), B. M. 1901, Denver, Colo.
Rhomcmus, Fronia (Mrs. Spencer), B. M. 1891. Died 1894. Sabina, O.
Robinson, Elizabeth (Mrs. Chas Hodge), Ex. 1904, Frank and Locust St.,
Rorick, Eva May (Mrs. Henry Crane), Ex. 1892, Fayette, Ohio.
Rorick, Leila Estel (Mrs. Albert Foster), A. B. 1899. Morenci, Mich.
Savage, Mary Evaline (Mrs. Glen Bailey), Ex. 1891, 2315 Tenth St., Den-
Shinn, Josephine (Mrs. Edgar Hitchcock), Ex. 1892, 1181 E. 67th St., Chi-
Sinsel, Mary Artis, Ex. 1905. Flemington, W. Va.
Smith, Augusta, Lima, Ind.
Smith, Grace (Mrs. H. W. Jones), Ex. 1902, Arthur, 111.
Smith, Mary (Mrs. William Williams), B. M. 1906. Died 1906, (Brad-
Smith, Mary Celia, B. S. 1899, New Brighton, Pa.
Spahr. Katherine (Mrs. Louis B. Hull). B. L. 1897, Woodsrun Ave., Al-
Stearns, Jean V ("Mrs. Geo. Kimball), Ex. 1896, Webster Grove, Mo.
Stillwell. Myrtle N., B. S. 1892, 361 W. 65th St., Chicago, 111.
Swift, Edna, Mohawk, N. Y.
Terry, Mabel Louise (Mrs. Geo. Hamilton), B. L. 1895. Lockoort. N. Y.
Tobias, Ella Floy, B. L. 1895, 320 Thompson, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Trumble, Matie (Mrs. M. A. Rowan), Ex. 1891, Sheridan Road, Wau-
Turner, Edith Mildred (Mrs. A. Herbert Smith), Ex. 1890, Grainfield.
Van Wert, Nettie (Mrs. Fox), B. L. 1902, 4 E. 110th St., New York, N. Y
216 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Vaughn, Vena Bell (Mrs. W'm. Cutler). Deceased. (Pillsford, Mich.)
Vaughn, Zua Lura (Mrs. Frank R. Kedzill), Ex. 1891, Pittsford, Mich.
Vorhees, Hope, Ardian, Mich.
Vorhees, Mary, Steubenville, Ohio. -
Wade, Bertha (Mrs. Ezra Mead), B. M. 1<897, Sand Creek, Mich.
Wakefield, Abbie Geneva (Mrs. Wm. Hamilton), B. L. 1897. Deceased
1904. (Morenci, Mich.)
Waterman, Laura Mable (Mrs. Frank Totten), B. L. 1902, 83 Hinode
Cho, Yokohama, Japan.
Waterman, Mary Elizabeth (Mrs. Arthur Evans), Ex. 1903, Steamboat
Weber, Annan, Ex. 1892, Nottingham, Ohio.
Westerman, Flora, 10 Crystal Springs Ave., Adrian, Mich.
Whaley, Jessie (Mrs. Homer Jones), Ex. 1904, 1643 W. Adams St,, Chi-
Wheeler, Isabelle, Ex. 1899, 814 W. Ottawa St., Lansing, Mich.
Whitney, Adelaide Mary (Mrs. H. Hoire), B. M. 1896, 253 Main St., Wi-
Widney. Elizabeth, Tecumseh,, Mich.
Wilcox. Alma (Mrs. Chas. Hubbel), Ex. 1894, 19 W. 3rd Ave., Columbus,
Wilcox, Nettie E. (Mrs. W. H. Howard), Ex. 1893, 33 Seaton Place, N.
W., Washington, D. C.
Williams, Alberta, E. Liverpool, Ohio.
Williams. Isabelle, Ex. 1893, Gypsum, Kan.
Wise, Octa E. (Mrs. Leland B. Case), B. M. 1877, 38 Piquette Ave., De-
Wolcott, Stella (Mrs. Geo. Miller), Ex. 1896, 324 Dock St., Steubenville,
Wolfe, Violet (Mrs. Beeks), Ex. 1893. Isleta, Ohio.
York, Louise, Ex. 1905, Newark, N. Y.
Allen, Jessie, Ex. 1902, Indianola, Iowa.
Allen, Lora M. (Mrs. C. B. Cheney) 1896, 606 7th St. S. E., Minneapolis,
Ash, Laura (Mrs. V. L. Wilson) Ex. 1894, Ottumwa, Iowa.
Ash, Lillian, 202 Barker, Peoria, 111.
Bair, Marie (Mrs. Harry Cavanaugh), Atlantic, Iowa.
Barker, Alice (Mrs. W. H. Berry), A. M., 1872, Indianola, Iowa.
Bartholomew, Laura, Ex. 1903, 127 Woodlawn Ave., Topeka, Kansas.
Beall, Eunice (Mrs. W. W. Moffat), Ex. 1888, Mt. Ayr, la.
Beard, Fern Ethel, Ex. 1905, Mount Ayr, Iowa.
Bennison, Jane Johns, Lenox, Iowa.
Berry, Mary, Deceased, 1901.
Berry, Hattie (Mrs. J. P. Morley), Cons. 1888, Ph. B., 1893, M. A., 1896,
Beymer, Anna (Mrs. Rufus K. McGee) Ex. 1895, New Virginia, Iowa.
Boreman, Agnes, Deceased.
Boyd, Jessie (Mrs. G. W. Hook), Ex. 1898, R. F. D, Bedford, Iowa.
Brourink, Mabel Louise, B. S., 1905, Blanchard, Iowa.
Brown, Birdie Estelle (Mrs. E. W. Stevenson), Ex. 1898, Mitchelville, la.
Brown, Gertrude H. (Mrs. J. C. Smith). Ph B., 1904, Lohrville, Iowa.
Brown, Margaret (pledged), Indianola, Iowa.
Brown, May, Ex. 1894, Harlan, Iowa.
Budd, Etta, Trans, from Ames, Ames, Iowa.
Butler, Julia (Mrs. Wm. Perry), Ex. 1883, Mapleton, Iowa.
Carey, Belle (Mrs, Frazier).
Carpenter, Lulu, New Virginia, Iowa.
DELTA DELTA DELTA DELTA CHAPTER. 217
Carpenter, Myrza, New Virginia, Iowa.
Cheshire, Hattie (Mrs. S. A. McElroy), Indianola, Iowa.
Clark, Dee (Mrs. J. A. Spohn), Ex. 1398, Ruskin, Oklahoma.
Clark, Fanchon (Mrs. F. H. McClure), Indianola, Iowa.
Clark, Fannie J. (Mrs. J. O. Watson) Ph. B., 1898, Indianola, Iowa.
Cochrane, Florence (Mrs. Wm. Buchanan) 3703 Grand Ave., Des Moines.
Colby, Etta (Mrs. George McMillan).
Cook, Beth, Van Meter. Iowa.
Culbertson, Ina (Mrs. T. D. Murphy), Red Oak, Iowa.
Dana, Blanche (Mrs. Talley), Simpson, Minn.
Day, Caroline, Ex. 1905, Ida Grove, Iowa.
Dean, Augusta (Mrs. Victor H. Arnold), Ex. 1893, Griswold, Iowa,
R. F. D. No. 1.
Dimmit, Louise (Mrs. John Richards), B. S., 1872, 5828 Woodlawn,
Dunnegan, Elizabeth Eleanor, Ex. 1905, Bolivar, Mo.
Dunnegan, Olive, Bolivar, Mo.
Dunning, Laura (Mrs. Joe McCoy), Indianola, Iowa.
Eaton, Lillian (Mrs. F. A. Grove), Sidney, Iowa.
Elwell, Elseda (Mrs. Henry Gaylord) 1416 Locust St., Des Moines, la.
Foster, J. Ellen (Mrs. J. Ellen Foster), New York, N. Y.
Frampton, May Emily, Ex. 1906, 1132 E. 3th St., Boone, Iowa.
Gifford, Dora (Mrs. C. W. Honnold) A. B., 1875, Indianola, Iowa.
Grafton, Mary, (pledged), 505 Figueroa St.. Los Angeles, Cal.
Guthrie, Hallie, A. B., 1904, Indianola, Iowa.
Hallam, Margaret May (Mrs. M. M. Moore) Carroll, Iowa.
Harrington, Ellen (Mrs. Latta) Tacoma, Neb.
Harris, Lucy Elizabeth, Ph. B., 1906, Indianola, Iowa.
Havner, Nellie (Mrs. M. T. Brewer), Ex. 1897, De Soto, Iowa.
Haywood, Lucy M., Ex. 1896, Grand Island, Neb.
Heaton, Persis, Ph. B., 1906, Wolf Hall, Denver, Colo.
Holland, Bernice (Mrs. Ballon) Ex. 1896, Deceased.
Hoope, Maude M. (Mrs. J. M. Jackson) B. S., 1900, Sidney, Iowa.
Horsley, Carrie (Mrs. L. B. Grice) Perry, Iowa.
Hoskins, Stella (Mrs. E. M. Gibson), Ph. B.,, 1907, Blanchard, Iowa.
Howard, Ida (Mrs. R. J. Graham) B. S., 1877, Fort Morgan, Colo.
Huggins, Clytie Almyra, Ex. 1901, Indianola, Iowa.
Huggins, Lillian, Indianola, Iowa.
Ilgenfritz, Edith, 721 Carroll St., Boone, Iowa.
Igo, Ruby, A. B., 1904, Indianola, Iowa.
Jamieson, Mabel, B. M., 1888, Casey, Iowa.
Jay, Elizabeth (Mrs. W. C. Davis) 4453 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, 111.
Jenkins, Claire Eva (Mrs. W. P. Jenkins) Appleton, Wis.
Johnson, Eda Linnona, Cambridge, Iowa.
Johnson, Grace, Weldon, Iowa.
Knight, Cora (Mrs. McConnell) Griswold, Iowa.
Laub, Hazel, Dennison, Iowa.
Linn, Elizabeth, B. S., 1894, Shelby, Iowa.
Linn, Lulu (Mrs. Stevens) Hancock, Iowa.
Linn, Mary K.. B. S., 1894, Died, Jan. 2. 1895.
Lipsey, Cora (Mrs. J. J. Harris), Ex. 1896, Valdora, Ga.
Lisle, Ada B., 1906, Linden, Iowa.
Long, Minnie (Mrs. W. H. Jackson) 1351 12th St., Des Moines, Iowa.
Manker, Mary, Ex. 1906, Elliott, Iowa.
Marlatte, Nellie, Ex. 1906, Indianola, Iowa.
Maxfield. Kate (Mrs. Olin Sweet) B. M., 1898, 940 19th St., Des Moines,
McCausland, Carrie (Mrs. E. D. Conover), B. S., 1889, 125 E. 4th St.,
Los Angeles, Cal.
218 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Mercer, Ida (Mrs. Johnson), Ex. 1891, Elliott, Iowa.
McLaughlin, Ida (Mrs. H. T. Metcalf) Ex. 1884, Indianola, Iowa.
Moore, Grace, Ex. 1906, R. F. D., Corydon, Iowa.
Morris, Winnifred, State Normal, 1899, A. B., S. U. I., 1905, Indianola.
Munson, Nellie, Cornell, 1095, A. B.,. 1899, 1617 N. Raymond Ave., Pasa-
Murray, May (Mrs. White) Deceased.
Melick, Ada, Ex. 1906, Perry, Iowa.
Myerly, Catherine, 2911 High Sf., Des Moines, Iowa.
Nelson, Annot (Mrs. Downey) 1897, Dexter, Iowa.
Nelson, Mabelle, Deceased.
Newland, Lillian, Ex. 1896, 1629 Franklin St., Denver, Colo.
Nimms, May (Mrs. Charles Zaelke), Ex. 1898, Imogene, Iowa.
Nimms, Mina, Emerson, Iowa.
Nixon, Nina (Mrs. C. F. Crose),. Shenandoah, Iowa.
Noel, Ella Jeanetta, B. S., 1901 (Mrs. E. C. Williams) Adair, Iowa.
Noon, Edith, A. B., 1894, Trans, to Alpha, Pathfinder, Wyo.
Owen, May, (Mrs. Herbert Langdon), Leon, Iowa.
Page, Carrie (Mrs. E. M. Holmes), A. B., 1880, 1048 20th St., Des
Page, Kate (Mrs. Brown), A. B., 1879, 1518 Jones St., Sioux City, la.
Page, Sallie (Mrs. Kelley), A. B., 1884, deceased.
Pardee, May, Ph. B., 1905, Sidney, Iowa.
Parrot, Emma (Mrs. Walter Peck), Ex. 1880, Indianola, la.
Parrott, Annette, (Mrs. R. D. Tarleton), Ex. 1880, Winterset, la.
Patterson, Cora, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Patterson, Eva (Mrs. Thompson).
Peck, Louise, Indianola, la.
Perry, Anna Helen, Ph. B., 1903, Indianola, Iowa.
Perry, Sadie, Carson, la.
Pierce, Ida (Mrs. Newell), Oklahoma City, Okla.
Poison, Mattie, Pleasantville, la.
Posegate, Louise (Mrs. A. V. ProudfooO. Ex. 1834, Indianola, la.
Price, Franc Okra (Mrs. Franc Gittinger).; Ex. 1900, Winterset, la.
Ray, Emma (Mrs. Miller), Ex. 1880, 313 7th Ave, Seattle, Wash.
Rea, Edith Pansy, Corydon, la.
Rea, Mabel Irene, Ph. B., 1905, Corydon, la.
Rea, Mary Nell, Corydon, la.
Rhodda, Mildred (Mrs. Robt. Conor), (pledged), Hamburg la.
Richardson, Bess (Mrs. James Forrester), Ex. 1896, Minneapolis, Minn.
Richardson, Effie (Mrs. D. De La Sheldon), Ex. 1900, 778 Washington,
Richardson, Hattie (Mrs. N. W. Perry), Ex. 1897, deceased.
Robbins, Alma A., Ph. B., 1905, Nora Springs, la.
Robbins, Ina May, Ph. B., 1906, Hastings, la.
Roberts, Sallie (Mrs. D. A. Stuart), Harlan, la.
Robinson, Lulu (Mrs. W. E. Saltzman), Ex. 1°>99, Corner Park and 5th
St., Benton Harbor, Mich.
Rogers, Caroline, Ph. B., 1900, Carroll, la.
Samson, Mary E., Ex. 1906, 926 18th St., Des Moines, la.
Schurz, Myra, deceased.
Scroggs, Alice (Mrs. H. M. Dale), 3801 S. Maine, Los Angles, Cal.
Shuler, Grace (Mrs. J. W. Slocum), Indianola, la.
Silliman, Alice (Mrs. Balfour Jeffrey), 821 Law St., Topeka, Kan.
Schee, Hettie (Mrs. Irving Ireland), care O. L. Schee.; Oskaloosa, la.
Schee, Lettie (Mrs. Goode), care O. L Schee, Oskaloosa, la.
Spencer, Claire M., B. M., 1905, 413 15th Ave. N., Seattle,, Wash.
Smith, Blanche A., Indianola, la.
Smith Byrd (Mrs. F. C. Stiffler), Cummings, la.
DELTA DELTA DELTA — IOWA STATE COLLEGE. 219
Smith, Eathel, Atlantic, la.
Smith, Elizabeth E., Indianola, la.
Smith, Florence Jeanette, 516 W. 7th St., Los Angeles, Cal.
Smith, Grace (Mrs. W. L. Sivers), R. F. D. Oakland, la.
Smith, Helen Emma (Mrs. Jean d Chauvant), care Hotel Marlboro, 551 S
Grand Ave., Los Angeles, Cal.
Smith, Olive, Carroll, la.
Smith, Rowena Murl (Mrs. J. N. Fuller), Ex. 1906, Monte Vista, Colo.
Starbuck, May, Indianola, la.
Swan, Anna May, Indianola, la.
Talboy, Lena (pledged), 445 Homer St., Palo Alto, Cal.
Talley, Maude (Mrs. Walter H. Beall), West Union, Iowa.
Thompson, Mabel, Ex. 1890.
Thompson, Nan, Indianola, la.
Thompson, Odessa, 666 17th St., Des Moines, la.
Todd, Junia, Ph. B., 1898, 3109 6th Ave., Tacoma, Wash.
Todd, Lois, Ph. B., 1899, 3109 6th Ave., Tacoma, Wash.
Trimble, Carrie (Mrs. E. V. Badley), Ex. 1896, Indianola, Iowa.
Trueblood, Estelle, Ex. 1891, Indianola, la.
Trueblood, Minora, Ex. 1893, Grinnell, la.
Turner, Etta B., Ph. B., 1903, Adair, la.
Volk, Florence, Ex. 1906, Fairmount, la.
White, Doris, Indianola, la.
White, Gertrude, Ex. 1906, 5429 Washington Ave., Chicago, 111.
Wilkinson, Lydia (Mrs. Roy Wilkinson), Ph. B., 1892, Lohrville, la.
Wilson, Stella M. (Mrs. E. L. Calhoun), 1R96, 2337 Wayne Ave., Chicago.
Woelf, Vesta, Shannon City, la.
Zellar, Katherine, Ph. B., 1903, Winterset, la.
IOWA STATE COLLEGE
Adams, Minnie A.
Bradley, Blanche M.
Budd, Etta May, Ames, Iowa.
Cottrell, Carrie (Mrs. A. B. Lovejoy), Waterloo, Iowa.
Cottrell, Mary, Waterloo, Iowa.
Dean, Nellie E.
Malley, Minnie A.
Morton, Olivia, M.
Quint, Violet N. Deceased.
Roddis, L. May (Mrs. Kreeger), Philippine Islands.
Starr, Evelyn. Deceased.
Wilson, Flora, (pledged), Washington, D. C.
Aldrich, Harriet Blanche (Mrs. Chas. May), Ex. 1895, 600 Fayette Ave.,
Alton, Laura, 1009 Exchange St., Keokuk, la.
-Andrews, Florence Ethel, Ex. 1905, 2614 N. Hermitage Ave.. Chicago, 111.
-Arnold, Elizabeth Hudson, A. B.„ 1904, 759 E. Main St., Galesburg. 111.
Arnold, Harriet Beatrice, A. B., 1906, 759 E. Main St., Galesburg, 111.
Atwood, Clarissa, A. B., 1906, Galesburg, 111.
Ayres, Nelly, B. S., 1893, (Died, December, 1892) Galesburg, 111.
Barden, Martha Glover (Mrs. C. L. Cole) B. L., 1895, N. Chambers St.,
220 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Bailey, Fern, Marcelline, Mo.
-Bassett, Nellie T... Ex. 1891, 359 S. West St., Galesburg, 111.
Baxter, Mabel W., A. B., 1899, 523 N. Prairie St., Galesburg, 111.
Beede, Georgia, Ex. 1898, Princeton, 111.
Benjamin, Charlotte L. (Mrs. D. F. Green) B. S., 1890, Judson Ave,
Bo wen, Eleanor Marie (Mrs.'B. W. Wenrich), Ex. 1903v 3639 Fourth
St., San Diego, Cal.
Boyden, Katherine E., Sheffield, 111.
Camp, Bessie, Ex. 1895, Dixon, 111.
Cavanaugh, Marguerite, Kewanee, 111.
--Chowning, Evangeline (Mrs. E. Worst) Ex. 1899, Lockport, 111.
Christy, Gertrude (Mrs. Edwin Ewing), Ex. 1906, 1031 Seventh Ave.,
^Clarkson, Florence M. (Mrs. Rollins Collins), A. B., 1905, Parnassus, Pa.
Clawson. Maude Belle (Mrs. J. J. Hammond), Ex. 1899, 827 E. Main St.,
Clemens, Ida Carswell, Ex. 1905 (Died, Feb. 24th, 1906).
Collins, Bertha, A. B., 1907, Knoxville, 111.
Conklin, Lulu, B. L., 1895, Mendota, 111.
Conklin, Mabel (Mrs. G. H. Wiley), Ex. 1903, Mendota, 111.
Conner, Ethel Runyon, A. B., 1906, Vinton, la.
Crocker, Mabelle Gertrude (Mrs. E J. Dickson), Ex. 1894, 1 Cypress
Place, Brookline, Mass.
-Crum, Mabel (Mrs. E. R. McManaman), (transferred from T.) 273 Gar-
field Ave., Galesburg, 111.
Dodds, Edith, 1028 S. Seventh St., Springfield, 111.
Egan, Ethel May (Mrs. Ethel E. West) B. S., 1893, 426 Grand View St.,
Los Angeles, Cal.
Elwood, Lillian, Cons. 1903, Nashville, 111.
Emrich, Lillian M. (Mrs. Robert Nye) Ex. 1898.
Ertle Elsa E. (Mrs. A. Stone), B. S., 1900, 1637 Jersey St.,Quincv, 111.
Ferris, Gertrude L (Mrs. Charles E. Waite), Ex. 1907. 299 First St.,
Ferris, Julia E. (Mrs. A. Borden) Cons. 1903, 920 W. 7th St., Hastings,
Ferris, Louie N., Cons. 1904, Woodhull, 111.
„ Fitch, R. Louise, A. B., 1902, Galva, 111.
Freedman, Bertha H. (Mrs. A. V. Mandell) A. B., 1900, Apartment 10,
102 West Hill, The Mildred, Louisville, Ky.
Freedman, Elsa May, A. B., 1903, Mendota, 111.
Freedman, Jessica A. (Mrs. Isadore Meyers) Ex. 1899, Kewanee, 111.
Gay, E. Loraine (Mrs. G. T. McCandlass) B. S., 1899, 608 E. 30th
St., Kansas City, Mo.
George, Blanche (Mrs. George D. Tunnicliff) Cons. 1895, 103 S. 25th St..
v^George, Florence May, Ex. 1902, 227 Maple Ave., Galesburg, 111.
Gilbert, Luna D. (Mrs. W. Parlaska) B. S., 1889, 452 Brooks St., Elgin,
Gilbert, Perla Margaret, Ex. 1895, 220 Stonewall, St., Greenville, Texas.
Goddard Jessica B. (Mrs. Joseph Gustafson), Ex. 1900. Orion. 111.
Greig, Janrt (Mrs. Phillip S. Post), B. L., 1894, 159 E. Grove St., Gales-
„cGriswold, Augusta, Princeton, 111.
Groves, Louise H. (Mrs. B. P. Bellport) B. S., 1900, La Crosse, Kan.
Hall, Elizabeth Marie (Mrs. Warren Willard), Ex. 1895, 76 William St.,
New York, N. Y.
-Hammond, Clarita, 307 S. Garfield Ave. Peoria, 111.
Hampton. Lucile E.. B. S., 1899, Macomb, 111.
Healey, Ruth, 467 Downer Place, Aurora, 111.
DELTA DELTA DELTA — EPSILON CHAPTER. 221
Heaton, Fay (Mrs. W. A. Phillips) Ex. 1899, Sandy Hook, N. J.
Hedendahl, Frances L. (Mrs. John Milburn) Ex. 1903, 1360 Race St.,
Hinman k Blanche L., B. L., 1893, (Died, 1898), Bradford, 111.
Hinman, Marcia Darlene (Mrs. C. H. Mead), Ex. 1904, Chillicothe, 111.
Hoffman, Grace, B. S., 1890, 2 College Hill, Schenectady, N. Y.
-JSolmes, F. Louise, A. B., 1905, 517 N. Kellogg, Galesburg, 111.
Howell, Eleanor G., Ex. 1908, Southold, N. Y.
Hoyt, Blanche E., Ex. 1905, 367 N. Broad St., Galesburg, 111.
— Huggins, Blanche E. (Mrs. Rollo Buckley V Ex. 1900, 587 N. Academy
St., Galesburg, 111.
Ingersoll, Nannie S. (Mrs. W. A. Irwin) Cons. 1900, 901 Reed St.,
Red Oak, la.
Ingersoll, Ola (Mrs. McChesney). B. S., 1P89, 1348 Sheridan Drive,
Ingersoll, Patsie E. (Mrs. J. M. Tanner) B. S., 1891, S. 7th St., Spring-
Johnson, Estelle C. (Mrs. W. S. Post), Ex. 1895, 749 Garland Ave., Los
King, Pauline H. (Mrs. J. E. Kemp) B. S., 1900, E. Prospect St., Ke-
Lahann, Nina M. (Mrs. Wilfred Arnold), Ex. 1895, 451 N. Cherry St.,
- Lanohear, Lillian N., A. B. r 1903, 391 E. Tompkins St., Galesburg, 111.
Latimer, Lillian (Mrs. E. Shaufelberger") Cons. 1897, 158 N. Main St.,
Salt Lake City, Utah.
— Laurson, Almedia (Mrs. Alvah Wingert), A. B., 1893, Mt. Carroll, 111.
Lee, Dorothy, Ex. 1895, 727 20th St., Rock Island, 111.
-Lescher, Olive G, A. B., 1905, 150 Maple Ave., Galesburg, 111.
Lewis, Alice K. Special, 423 N. Kellogg, Galesburg, 111.
Lotts, Geneva (Mrs. Robt. Collins), Ex. 1902, Knoxville, 111.
^Marsh, Alta J. (Mrs. Fred W. Phillips) B. S., 1893, 431 N. Prairie St.,
^Matteson, Grace (Mrs. R. Willis) B. S., 1894, Kirkwood, Mo.
-^-Matthews, Edna, Ex. 1906, Chillicothe, 111.
-^McCool, Nellie Hamilton, B. L., 1894, 280 N. Cedar St., Galesburg, 111.
McClure, Eleanor, Ex. 1908, Ardsley-on-Hudson, New York.
—- McClure, Mary, Ardsley-on-Hudson, New York.
Mcintosh, Maude, Cons. 1906, Biggsville, 111.
McKinley, Elizabeth (Mrs. Wilson Fulton) B. S., 1896, McKinley Ave.,
McLaughlin, Ella B. (Mrs. J. James Tunnicliff) Cons. 189(1, East North
St., Galesburg, 111.
McLaughlin, Lillian (Mrs. Royal Booth) Cons. 1900, 1209 Arapahoe St.,
Los Angeles, Cal.
Milchrist, Eleanor (Mrs. E. Eells) B. S., 1891, 214 14th St., Cedar
Murdoch, Alta (Mrs. James Wasson) Ex. 1903, 725 N. Prairie St.,
Mutch, Helen L., Ex. 1907, 76 Amity St., Patchogue, N. Y.
Ogden, Evelyn, Ex. 1897, Cameron, 111.
^ Olson, Irene. A. B. : 1905, 725 E. Main St., Galesburg, 111.
Pendleton, Nettie V., 1455 Vermont St., Quincy, 111.
^-Perrin. Genevieve J. (Mrs. Herbert Smith), Ex. 1895, 474 N. Academy
St., Galesburg, 111.
Plattenburg, Clara, Ex. 1901, N. Chestnut St., Canton, 111.
Rawalt, Ethel (Mrs. Allan C Rearick). B. S., 1899, Richmond Hill, L. I.,
450 Greenwood Ave., New York, N. Y.
Rawalt. Maude (Mrs. Hugh A. Walton). B. L., 1894, 701 Deleware Ave.,
Peoria. 111. / VO>W_*^U-w. ^. *fy^^As^ ,
222 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Raymond, Marie H. (Mrs. L. E. Arnold), Ex. 1398, Cor. 5th E. and 2nd
S. Sts., Salt Lake City, Utah.
Rex, S. Edna (Mrs. H. A. Parkin) Ex. 1900, 232 E. 47th St., Chicago,
Roberts) Lucv G., Ex. 1905, 424 Du Quesne Way. Pittsburg, Pa.
Roberts, Mae B. (Mrs. E. J. King) B. L. 1891, 537 N. Academy St.,
Savini, Vivian, 2654 Du Main St., New Orleans, La.
Jkott, Rosa G., Ex. 1893, 403 Morris St., Dover, N. J.
Seacord, Marie, A. B., 1907, 19 E. Losey St., Galesburg, 111.
Short Lenna B. (Mrs. B. M. Mead), Ex. 1902, 626 Moss Ave., Peoria, 111.
Shreeves, Jane (Mrs. S. H. Watson), Ex. 1909, Blairstown, Iowa.
— Shreeves, Mary E., Ex. 1904, Blairstown, la.
-"Simmon, Gertrude Richards, Ex. 1908, 920 16th St., Moline, 111.
- Sisson, Frances (Mrs. E. R. Everett); Ex. 1889, 435 N. Kellogg St..
-Spies, Estella, Ex. 1906, Creston, la.
Springer, Norah (Mrs. Chas. Mack), Ex. 1899, Wilmette, 111.
Staat, Lena (Mrs. C. F. Buck), Ex. 1899. Monmouth, 111.
Staat, Nellie May, Ex. 1895, (Died, December 25, 1895).
Stoll, Blanche Daytonia, Ex. 1902, Washington, 111.
Stevenson. May, A. B., 1900, 462 W. Tompkins St., Galesburg, 111.
Stone, Martha (Mrs. Theodore Hurd) B. S., 1894, 1487 Lime St., River-
Stone, Harriet E. (Mrs. E. R. Drake), B. L., 1897, (Died, Nov. 15, 1906),
Swigert, Harriet Mae, Ex. 1899, 723 18th St., Des Moines, la.
Tamblin, Eva (Mrs. Fred Howe) Cons. 1891. Beatrice, Neb.
Terryt Julia T. (Mrs. John Wesley Brown), Ex. 1900, 1372 W. 116th St.,
N. W., Cleveland, Ohio.
-Thompson, Alma C, A. B., 1907, 239 S. Cherry St., Galesburg, 111.
Trask, Gertrude K., A. B., 1903, 544 N. Prairie St., Galesburg, 111.
Tubbs, Lelah May, Ex. 1907, Kirkwood, 111.
-^ose, lone Lillian, A. B., 1903, U. of C, Y. W. C. A., Boulder, Colo.
Vose, Marion, Macomb, 111.
Wahrer, Evelyn, Ex. 1903, 1005 5th Ave., Ft. Madison, la.
Wells, Edna, Ex. 1904, Rushville, 111.
-Wertman, Mary E. (Mrs. A. D. Stearns) B. L., 1897, 593 N. Academy
St., Galesburg, 111.
Wertman, Norma (Mrs. Guy B. Hardy) A. B., 1904, Galesburg, 111.
Wertman, Ora, B. S., 1899, 524 N. Broad, Galesburg, 111.
Wilcox, Harriet (Mrs. Charles Bartlett) Ex. 1903, 1402^ Spring St.,
Wilmot, Edna (Mrs. F. H. Cole) Ex. 1893, Highlands, Cal.
Wolff, Bessie L. (Mrs. R. Watson) B. L., 1896, Aledo, 111.
Wolff, Bertha Louise, Ex. 1904, Aledo, 111.
Wolff, Nellie R. (Mrs. H. C. Morse) Ex. 1902, 1682 Barry Ave., Chi-
Wolff. Opal Schambra, Ex. 1900, Aledo, 111.
Worden, Mabel (Mrs. L. I. Potter), Ex. 1894, Lincoln Hotel, Morrison
St., Portland, Oregon.
Wylie, Edith (Mrs. Hart Walter), Ex. 1893, Princeton, 111.
Young, Sue, Ex. 1897, Brook St., Roslyndale, Mass.
Albray, Sarah Abbie, B. L., 1899, 2633 Alms Place, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Andrew, Agnes K, A. B., 1903, Hyde Park, Shaw Ave.. Cincinnati, Ohio.
Andrew, Ellen B., A. B., 1905, Hyde Park, Shaw Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Babbit, Katherine, A. B., 1902, A. M., 1904, Died 1906, 605 W. 8th St.,
DELTA DELTA DELTA — ZETA CHAPTER. 223
Bentley, Adele J. (Mrs. Clifford Stegner), B. L., 1899, The Roanoke Fl.
17 Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Bentley, Louise Estelle, 1907, 3471 Evans Place, Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Bentley, Mary J., A. B., 1898, 359 Resor. Av. Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Black, Caroline, 2125 Fulton Ave., Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Black, Kathleen (Mrs. A. G. Pohlman), 411 Fess Ave., Bloomington, Ind.
Box, Cora May, 1904, 275 McGregor Ave., Mt. Auburn, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Buck Ruth Adele, Ex. 1905, 628 Oak St., Wl H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Butterworth, Ruth Wales (Mrs. Charles Emerick) B. L., 1899 (trans-
ferred from I) 12 Massasoit St., Northampton, Mass.
Callender, Mary (Mrs. Charles Edwin Maunder), Ex. 190Q Fairbury, 111.
Carstens, Marietta Belle, 4432 Hamilton Ave., Cumminsville, Ohio.
Chollar, Bessie B. (Mrs. Harvey Louis King), Ex. 1898, 213 Howard St.,
Syracuse, N. Y.
Church, Louise Woodmansee, Ex. 1903, 4107 Forest Ave., Norwood,
Closterman, Julia E. (Mrs. Frank E. Kugler), A. B.,*1898, 3423 W. 8th
St., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Clyde, Agnes A. (Mrs. Robert Carleton Ricker) B. L, 1899, 412 Wash-
ington St., Portsmouth, Ohio.
Clyde, Hester B. (Mrs. John Goddard, Jr.), Ex. 1899, Kiangse Road,
Collins, Lucy Weimar, 1904, 24 Glenwood Ave., Dayton, Ohio.
Cooper, Florence Mathilda, 706 McMillan St., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Core, Elizabeth F., Ex. 1902, 12 Bluegrass Ave., Ft. Thomas, Ky.
Cowen, Mary, 2406 Highland Ave., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. •
Cunningham, Edna (Mrs. Frank L. Raschig) B. L, 1900, 1326 Grace
Ave., Mt. Lookout, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cunningham, Emma (Mrs. G. A. Ginter) A. B., 1901, 3641 Edwards
Road, Hyde Park, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Darcie. Ida, B. S., 1900, Winchester, Kv.
Davis, Alice, Ex. 1905, 925 Grand St.," P. H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Davis, Ida E., 1904, 925 Grand St., P. H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Davis, Virginia M. (Mrs. Chas. M. Conklin), Ex. 1903, 600 Bassett Rd.
& Crestline Ave., P. H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Diserens, Elizabeth, J., A. B., 1902, 2711 Price Ave., P. H, Cincinnati,
Du Bray, Almathia, 1906, 3314 Perkins Ave., Avondale, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Dyer, Alma F., 1905, Lehman Road, Mt. Harrison, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Dyer, Eleanor J., Lehman Road, Mt. Harrison, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Esselbom, Emilie (Mrs. W. H. Crane) B. L, 1893, 2348 Auburn Ave ,
Evans, Mary Sibley, B. L, 1897, Box 166, Glendale, Ohio.
Evans, Teresa Bartlett, Hartwell, Ohio.
Fairweather, Nellie H., B. L, 1898, S20 Locust St., W. H., Cincinnati.
Ferris, Amy Helen, Edgecliffe Road, W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Pick, Alma S., A. B., 1894, 1228 Fairfax Ave., W. H., Cincinnati Ohio.
Fillmore, Mary Hannah, Ex. 1907, 4228 Floral Ave., Norwood, Cincin-
Fordyce, Evangeline Dorothy, 3553 Bogart Ave., Avondale, Cincinnati,
Fortney, Laura May, A. B., 1899, Wyoming, Ohio.
Fortncy, Sadie A. (Mrs. Elisha F. Cheeseman) B. L, 1895, 40 Walnut
Ave., Wyoming, Ohio.
Fortney, Stella M. (Mrs. Melville Ritchie) A. B., 1896, Burns & Elm,
French, Florence, 1907, 2444 Observatory Ave., H. P., Cincinnati, Ohio.
French, Hilda Mildred (Mrs. L R. Herrick) A. B., 1902, Amherst, Mass.
224 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Glaser, Emma H. (Mrs. E. H. Baldwin) B. L., 1896, 4th & Broadway,
Goodale, Grace (Mrs. E. O. Keator) 1903, Tabernilla, Canal Zone, Pana-
Goode, Florence, 1904, 226 Hosea Ave., Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Hamilton, Ruth, 2145 Grand St., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Harrison, Ellen Brown, "Cumberland," Avondale, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Heise, Viola, Cedar Ave., College Hill, Ohio.
Hill, Edith R., Ex. 1904, 3128 Woodburn Ave., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Hubbard, Mabel E. (Mrs. Thorn. Birch), Ex. 1906, 119 Mills Ave., Wy-
Ireland, Jessie, 1907, 7 McCormick Place, Mt. Auburn, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Johnson, Eleanor B., Ex. 1896, 944 Elberon Ave., Cincinnati^ Ohio.
Johnston, Cornelia R., B. L., 1894, 3235 Hackberry, Cincinnati, Ohio:
Jones, Grace (Mrs. Willard McLaughlin), Ex. 1904, Birmingham, Ala.
Jones, Isabel, Ex. 1905, 818 Considine Ave.,, P. H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Jones, Lucile (Mrs. Chester Parker) A. B., 1902, Oxford, Ohio.
Kinney. Emma B. (transferred from T), B L., 1893, 3600 Mooney Ave.,
H. P., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Kleinschmidt, Ethel, A. B., 1902, 759 McMachen Ave., Winton Place,
Lambdin, Lucy M., B. L., 1894, Ridgelawn & Huntington Ave., College
Hill, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Lanning, Gertrude (Mrs. Arthur K. Birch), Ex. 1901,. 2012 Wayland Ave.
Norwood, Cincinnati,; Ohio.
Latta, Luella Augur, 1896, 20 Latta Ave., Ludlow, Ky.
Latta, Mary Bates, Ex. 1903, 20 Latta Ave., Ludlow, Ky.
Lawler, Florence C, B. S., 1899, 13B0 Myrtle Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Layman, Margaret E., A. B., 1891, A. M., 1897, 619 Crown St., Cincin-
Lewis, Clara Alice, "The Metamora," Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio.
MacKelfresh, Anne Susan, 1905, Winton Place, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Marpe, Caroline J. (Mrs. Chas. W. Spraul), Ex. 1894, 33 S. Crescent
Ave., Hartwell, Ohio.
Marshall, Grace, B. L., 1895, 222 Hosea Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Mussey, Frances (Mrs. Willhelm Lorinson), Ex. 1904, Glendale, Ohio.
Nieman, Flora (Mrs. Clinton Pyle), Ex. 1901, 14 Calvin St., W. H. v Cin-
Nieman, Louise, Ex. 1903, Michigan Ave. Hyde Park, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Nieman, Syrian, 1904, Michigan Ave., Hyde Park, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Perin, Levina R. (Mrs. Wm. Thurston Gray), A. B., 1899, 3568 Rosedale
Place, Avondale. Cincinnati, Ohio.
Poole, Emily, B. S., 1899, Mt. Healthy, R. R. No. 1, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Powell, Caroline A., A. B., 1895, 2906 Woodburn Ave., W. H.. Cincinnati.
Pozvers, Agnes Rose (Mrs. S. G Dunning), A. B., 1895, Camden, Ohio.
Randell, Jennis (Mrs. A. Alt), Ex. 1900, deceased.
Ratterman, Katherine, A. B., 1898, 510 York street, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Rawson, Deborah F (Mrs. Vinton Perin), Ex. 1901. Rockdale and Wil-
son Aves., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Rawson, Nina R., Ex. n95, 3791 Clifton Ave., Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Riley, Estelle M. (Mrs. J. F. Caldwell), B. L., 1892, 410 Wl 8th St., Cin-
Saylor, Alice (Mrs. Chas. M. Paul), A. B., 1902 : 3524 Mooney Ave., H.
P., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Schwartz, Amy J., 1906, 378 Terrace Ave., Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Scott, Edith L. (Mrs. S. C. Tomlinson), Ex. 1901, 410 Armory Ave., Cin-
Seaman, May Kingsley, A. B. r 1908, 2320 Harper Ave., Mt. Auburn, Cin-
DELTA DELTA DELTA — ETA CHAPTER. 225
Shaffer, Iola Bishop, South Elm and Cross Lane, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Shaffer, Lucy Kennedy, 1907, Clifton Springs Ave., Avon, Cincinnati, O.
Shaw, Juliet, 1903, 2974 Colerain Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Shepard, Margaret, Price and Chateau Aves., Price Hill, Cincinnati, O.
Sorgel, Ruth Alms, 3235 Harvey Ave., Avondale, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Stegner, Lydia (Mrs. C. Alfred Lammers), Ex. 1898, Gilmore Ave., Oak-
Stein, Helen Louise* A. B., 1905, 2823 Parke Ave., W. H., Cincinnati, O.
Stevens, Lill, A. B., 1902, 911 Elm St., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Stewart, Marian, 2122 St. James Ave., Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Tangeman, Elsie, 116 Lyons Ave., Clifton Heights, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Thalheimer, Ethel Seymour, A. B., 1902, 936 Marion Ave., Cincinnati, O.
Tucker, Bessie A., Ex. 1897, 4221 Chambers St., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Tucker, Mary Anne, A. B., 1902, 2211 Highland Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Vincent, Margaret Louise, Ex. 1905, Terrace Park, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Walton, Edna V., Ex. 1903, 1346 Chapel St., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Walton, Ina, Ex. 1905, 1346 Chapel St., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
West, Sarah H. (Mrs. F. W' .Hill), Ex. 1901, 558 Hale Ave., Avon, Cin-
Willey, Alice Edna, Ex. 1903, 3453 Whitfield, Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Wilson, Ella Campbell, 12 Haydock. W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Winterbottom, Fanny Rice, 1907, Montgomery and Williams Aves., Nor-
wood, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Winterbottom, Mabel, A. B., 1903, Montgomery and Williams Aves., Nor-
wood, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Young, Helen Minshall, 1906, 2418 Ashland Ave., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Andrews, Hattie Katharine (Mrs. Geo. I. Forbes), Ph. B., 1891, 215 Pearl
St., Burlington, Vt.
Babbit, Jessie Ellen, Ex. 1894, 613 Meridian Ave., So. Pasadena, Cal.
Baird, Charlotte Livera.
Bristol, Edith Cook (Mrs. A. D. Bristol), Ph. B., 1903, 457 Main St. r
Butler, Mary Lucretia (Mrs. H. C. Pomeroy), Ex. 1900. Eigner Terrace,
Cleveland St., Elyria, Ohio.
Campbell, Carrie Lyle, Lyndonville, Vt.
Campbell, Florence C. (Mrs. Erwin B. Jones)) Ex. 1891, Ocean Beach,
Chapman. Ethel Watkins, 1905, Sutton, Vt.
Clark, Helen Gordon, Ph. B., 1904, Vergennes, Vt.
Deavitt, Carrie Esther, A. B., 189S, 11 Baldwin St., Montpelier, Vt.
Douglas, Florence Louise, B. L., 1902, West Haven, Vt.
Douglas, Helen O., West Haven, Vt.
Douglass, Mary Gertrude (Mrs. Deane S. Bliss), Ex. 1894, Dorset St.,
So. Burlington, Vt.
Dunsmoor, Delia May, 1906, Windsor, Vt.
Enright, Anna Hyland, Ex. 1903, 249 Pearl St., Burlington, Vt.
Enright, Daisy Maude, 1905, Windsor, Vt.
Enright. Elizabeth Evelyn, Ex. 1905, 56 So. Union, Burlington, Vt.
Field, Bertha Isadore, Ph. B., 1902, N. Springfield, Vt.
Fishrr, Helen Frances, Vergennes, Vt.
Forbes, Marian Martin, Ex. 1898, West Haven, Vt.
Fox, Alice Ethel, Bradford, Pa.
Harding, Delia Nell, Ph. B., 1904, Corinth, Vt.
Harding, Evelyn, Corinth, Vt.
Harding, Grace, Corinth, Vt.
Harrison, Mary Wilson (Mrs. Fred Hubbard), A. B., 1900. 2 Cope
Apartments, Wilkinsburg, Pa.
226 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Hayden, Olive, Underbill, Vt
Hendee, Helen Grace, Ph. B., 1893, 16 Buell St., care Mrs. Allen, Bur
Hyzer, Alice Minora, Randolph Center, Vt.
Isham, Alice Ethel (Mrs. R. C. Mace), Ex. 1905, Williston, Vt.
Johnson, Elizabeth Converse, A. B., 1902, died Sept, 1905;. Burlington, Vt.
Johnson, May, Ex. 1903, 74 Adams St., Burlington, Vt.
Jones, Eva Addie, A. B., 1895, North Ave., Burlington, Vt.
Jones, Marguerite, North Ave., Burlington, Vt.
Joslyn, Mary Frances (Mrs. Hugh H. Watson), Ex. 1907, Three Rivers.
Keeler, Pearlie L. C. (Mrs. Chas. Weed), Ex. 1894, Essex Center, Vt.
Kennedy, Ida Blanche, Ex. 1907, Waterbury, Vt.
Lee, Adele Irene, A. B., 1897, Lewis, N. Y.
Lee Irene Emily (Mrs. Leonard Ver Mehr), Ph. B., 1894, care Ver Mehr,
Leonard, Abbie Katharine, A. B., 1898, A. M., 1904, Grafton, Vt
Lilley, Anna Mary, Ph. B., 1902, 3520 Osceola St., Denver, Colo.
Little, Frances Louise, Ph. B., 1904, 25 Brooks Ave., Burlington, Vt.
Lockwood, Nora Irene. Ex. 1904, 159 So. Union St., Burlington, Vt.
Lucia, Emily Wheelock (Mrs. Will Thayer), Ph. B., 1899, died March 7,
Mackenzie, Mary Dearstyne, A. B., 1902, Trans, to O., 608 Grand St..
Troy, N. Y.
McElroy, Madge Elizabeth, Ph. B., 1901, Bakersfield, Vt.
Merrihew. Maud Leonora, Ph. B., 1902, So. Burlington, Vt.
Millham, Margaret Alice, Ph. B., 1898 (Mrs. Carl Platka), Williston, Vt.
Mills, Maude Louise, Ex. 1904, W. Woodstock, Vt.
Needham, Martha Ella (Mrs. Paul G. Clark), A. B., 1900, 63 William St.,
Nott, Cornelia Elva, Ex. 1900, care Chas. Nott, R. F. D , 2, Mayfield Cal.
Nye, Carolyn Bailey, Ex. 1897, 194 Maple St., Burlington, Vt.
Paddock, Mary Crafts (Mrs. Frank W. Hazen), Ph. B., 1899, Falmouth,
Pember, Julia Emily, Ex. 1901, 29 York Ave., Saratoga Springs, N. Y.
Perry, Gertrude Louise, Ex. 1904, Chikhli, Berar, India.
Pollock, Gertrude Ellen, 343 E. Main St., Bradford, Pa.
Potwin, Jean Wheeler (Mrs. Harry A. Collins), Ex. 1898, No. 4 Union
St., Branden, Vt.
Rember, Lillian Dell, Ex. 1900, Franklin, Vt.
Richmond, Elizabeth Agnes, Ex. 1900, 46 No. Winooski Ave., Burling-
Shepard, Anna Brown, Ex. 1901, Ticonderoga, N. Y.
Sherburne, Annie Laurie, A. B. 1897., N. Pomfret, Vt.
Shetland, May Van Dyke, 10 Walker Ave., Troy, N. Y.
Smith, Edith Emma (Mrs. Merton L. Simpson) t Ph. B., 1896, 51 Brookes
Ave., Burlington, Vt.
Spafford, Mattie Elizabeth, A. B., 1896, 5 Royce St., Rutland, Vt.
Towle, Phebe Maria, Ex. KS95, 19 Orchard Terrace, Burlington, Vt.
Whittemore, Ruby Gertrude, Hudson, Mass.
Wilcox, Grace Lovantia, Ph. B., 1896, 522 Marshall St., Somerville, Mass.
Woodworth, Jessie Patience, A. B., 1902, Westfield, Vt.
Adams, Cara Mav, B. S., 1901, Fargo, N. D.
Adams, Edna S., died Aug. 1903.
Allan, Mary, 2135 N. Emerson Ave., Minneapolis, Minn.
Angle, Claribel, B. S., 1897, died March 15, 1903.
Babcock, Ruth Eloise, A. B., 1903, 1041 12th Ave. S. E, Minneapolis,
DELTA DELTA DELTA — THETA CHAPTER. 227
Bennett, Kate, B. L., 1899, 1227 4th St. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn.
Blanckard, Lucy (Mrs. LeFieldt Jorgenson), Dr. Pharmacy, 1895, Chat-
Bodenstedt, Eleanor M. von (Mrs. Robt. Moore), A. B., 1904, South
Boyson, Mabel, 516 16th Ave., S. E., Minneapolis. Minn.
Bruegger, Lucie, Ex. 1905, 2732 Elliot Ave., Minneapolis, Minn.
Bruegger, Vida (Mrs. B. S. Adams), B. L., 1898, 426 Mahoning St., Hib-
Buchanan, Mabel Rose (Mrs. Orrin Reylea), 1205 Bloomfield St., Hobo-
ken, N. J.
Buchanan, Mary E. (Mrs. Chas Sumner), 1149-Aldrich Ave. N., Minne-
Buehler, Hettie G. (Mrs. Lee Galloway), B. L, 1899, 69 W. 100th, New
Cawley, Margaret Gray, trans, to M Pipeston,, Minn.
Cooper, Winifred, Sauk Center, Minn.
Covert, Bessie A. (Mrs. F. Ewing), Ex. 1902, 1108 25th Ave. S. E.,
Craig, Agnes Somerville, Ex. 1904, 1221 Summit Ave., Pasadena, Cal.
Crocker, Edna F. (Mrs. Edmund Berg), B. L., 1900.
Crpzier, Mary Ruth (Mrs. Mary C. Mclntyre), B. L, 1900, Monticello,
Daniel, May (Mrs. Walter Benedict), B. L, 1899, 150 S. Monroe Ave.,
Dorsett, Harriet (Mrs. Clyde Corkette), Ex. 1904, 727 Hennepin Ave.,
Davidson, Belle, B. L, 1898.
Dyar, Alice E. (Mrs. Bert Russell), A. B., 1903, Forest Glen, Md.
Eaton, Mabelle, A. B., 1905, 1427 Bryant Ave. N., Minneapolis, Minn.
Edgar, Caroline A. (Mrs. Dr. Chas. Erdman), M. D., 1893, 612 9th Ave.,
S. E., Minneapolis, Minn.
Fiske, Grace, Ex. 1905, Plainview, Minn.
Gerrish, Judith Alice, Ex. 1905, 1310 Wilcox Ave., Chicago, 111.
Gilger, Bessie, 2700 Garfield Ave., Minneapolis, Minn.
Gould, Edna Hall, 1907, 208 5th Ave. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn.
Gould, Marion Rees, 208 5th Ave S. E., Minneapolis, Minn.
Hicks, Frances, 1907, 168 Nina Ave., St. Paul Minn.
Houlton, Alice (Mrs. A. H. Hoffman V Dr. Pharmacy, lf.95, 405 Pierce
St., San Francisco, Cal.
Houlton, Ruth, A. B., 1893, Elk River, Minn.
Huelster, Mildred Estelle, 1906, 1091 Reaney St., St. Paul, Minn.
Jacobsen, Effie (Mrs. H. F. Christoferson), B. S., 1899, Luverne, Minn.
Johnson, Adella, 1905, 2100 Stevens Lane, Minneapolis, Minn.
Johnson, Ella, Winona. Minn.
Johnson, Ruth Revere, 2216 Humboldt Ave. So., Minneapolis, Minn.
Klampe, Lela M., Ex. 1897, 4224 Park Blvd., Minneapolis, Minn.
Lane, Ruth L., 1903, Trans, to T, Winona, Minn.
Lawrence, Marion, 4231 S. Washburn, Minneapolis, Minn.
Lockman, Jessie F, 204 Harvard St. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn.
Loomis, Veda, 1036 13th Ave. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn.
Luce, Elizabeth (Mrs. Bernard Luebner), A. B., 1897, 655 Monroe Ave.,
Mahoney, Laura C. (Mrs. Guy Huntington), A. B., 1901, Lemar, Colo.
Martindale, Bess, Litchfield, Minn.
Mayo, Helen M., 1906, 1701 Emerson Ave. N., Minneapolis, Minn.
Mcbermid, Kate, B. S., 1897, 2703 Bloomington Ave., Minneapolis, Minn.
Means, Jane May (Mrs. Eric Dalgren), B. L, 1898, 521 W. 159th St.,
New York City, N. Y.
Morgan, Edith M., Ex. 1905, Box 35 Duarte, Los Angeles Co., Cal.
228 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Newton, Fay Margaret, 1906, 180 E. Winifred St., St. Paul, Minn.
Olds, Alice Alena, B. L., 1901, Luverne,. Minn.
Palmer, Alice Hamblen, 2102 2nd Ave. So., Minneapolis, Minn.
Palmer, Ethel G. (Mrs. Harry Canfield), 1906, Hatton, N. D.
Parker, Belle Louise, A. B., 190G, Pickwick, Minn.
Patch, Edith Marion, B. S., 1901, Orono, Maine.
Perkins, Eliza A. (Mrs. Jesse C. Pope), B. L., 1895, died Aug., 1902.
Plummer, Lydia May (Mrs. West Wooly), B. L., 1896, Grand Rapids,
Priest, Janet (Mrs. Thos. Robb, Jr,), B. L. 1899, Philadelphia, Pa.
Quinn, Helen M., Kokomo, Ind.
Richards, Grace Evaleen, 2639 Harriett Ave S„ Minnrapolis, Minn.
Robinson, Louise (Mrs. J. E. Rhodes), B. L., 1892, 2508 Pleasant Ave
S., Minneapolis, Minn.
Rubeck, Belle E., Dr. Pharmacy, 1902, Elk River, Minn.
Siegler, Lillian A.. B. S., 1896, 1223 4th Ave., Spokane, Wash.
Simms, Marjorie A., 1085 14th Ave. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn.
Smith, Greta E., Ex. 1898, 2620 5th Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn.
Smith, Gratia H., Ex. 1896, Bloomer, Wis.
Smith, Mary C. (Mrs. W. A. Gates), A. B., 1896, 2914 Grove St., Berke-
Spear, Florence Harriet, 514 5th St. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn.
Stamm, Frieda, 1907, 105 N. Smith Ave., St. Paul, Minn.
Stevens, Lilian, Ex. 1905, Amite, La.
Stene, Isabel C, A. B., 1905, 1928 Colfax Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn.
Thomas, Edith, M. A., 1902, died Dec, 1903.
Webster, Jennie, Ex. 1905, 3037 James Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn.
Wheaton, Maude Esther, B. L, 1900, Elk River, Minn.
Whittemore Josephine (Mrs. H. J. Pfiffer), A. B., 1903. Havana, N. D.
Wilbur, Clara, Ex. 1897, Freeport, N. Y.
Younglove, Ada, Ex. 1897, Atlantic, la.
Allison, Helen May (Mrs. W. H. Adkinson), Ex. 1900, 2815 Southerland
Ave., Indianapolis, Ind.
Averill, Harriet T. (Mrs. B. G. Hass), Ex. 1900, San Francisco, Cal.
Bateman, Katharine, deceased.
Boulson, Elizabeth, Ph. B.. 1900, Neguanee, Mich.
Boyle, Blanche C. (Mrs. Earl Mason Brown), I. C. C. Hospital Empire,
Colon, Panama. Canal Zone.
Brown, Gertrude (Mrs. Osmond Tower), Ex. 1896, 103 Chestnut North,
Broivn, Hariette Alvira (Mrs. F. M. McCreary), Ex. 1895, 3236 16th Ave.
W. Seattle, Wash.
Brown, Nellie Adalesa, 1901, 3561 11th St., N. W., Washington, D. C.
Burke, Daisy Emma 1899, Scott Ave.. Hubbard Woods, III.
Butterworth, Ruth (Mrs. Charles F. Emerick), (trans, to Z.) B. L, 1899,
12 Massasoit St., Northampton, Mass.
Chase, Ethel Winifred Bennett. 1903, 251 Hubbard Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Dahlstrom, Alma Mana (Mrs. F. T. Nolan), 1902, "The Dorothy," Butte.
Danforth, EfHc L. (Mrs. James Renwick McAfee), 1897, 134 Rich Ave..
Mt. Vernon, N. Y.
Dugdale, Elizabeth, 1896, 128 W. Washington, Goshen, Ind.
Field, Mary Goodrich, 1901, 485 S. Clinton St., Maxwell Settlement
Fredlund, Ingeborg Sophia, 1900, 611 Church St. Ann Arbor, Mich.
DELTA DELTA DELTA — KAPPA CHAPTER. 229
Haun, Gertrude (Mrs. D. C. Harrington), A. B., 1901, 116 Florida
St., Calumet. Mich.
Hillman, Eva (Mrs. Harry F. Johnson), 1902, 623 Trumbull Ave., De-
Jenkins, Florence, Tecumseh, Mich.
Kempf, Helen (Mrs. Elmer H. Close), Ph. B., 1900, Toledo, Ohio.
Lobb, Elizabeth Janettev Ex. 1899.
Loxlcy, Leanore, 5034 Woodlawn Ave,. Chicago, 111.
Millen, Mrs. Chas, 815 Lawrence St., Ann Arbor, Mich.
Orsborn, Almerene (Mrs. A. T. Montgomery), Ph. B., 1896, Ionia, Mich.
Popkins, Edith M. (Mrs. Arthur H. Covert), Ex. 1899, 656 Second Ave.,
Powell, Josephine (Mrs. H. J. Hornbogen), A. B., 1898, Marquette, Mich.
Reichmann, Charlotte L. (Mrs. McKee), 553 Winthrop Ave., Chicago. 111.
Reichmann, Alvena D., Ex. 1900, deceased.
Shelley, Lucille (Mrs. Thomas A. Berkebile), A. B., 1898, 1705 B. Ave..
Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
Suber, Georgia (Mrs. Ellsworth Bartram), 1900, 1015 Orange St., Los
Thomson, D. Zena, 1906, 530 Broad St., Lake Charles, La.
Todt, Edith Edna, 1902, 550 14th Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Walters, Nellie (Mrs. Nellie W. Krogman), B. L, 1897, Oak St., Ishpem
"Wilcox, Alice E., 1902, Storm Lake, Iowa.
Abbott, Fern (Mrs. Fred R. Richardson), Ex. 1902, Copeland, Idaho.
Adair, Helen, Ex. 1903, 20 W. 27th St., Kearney, Neb.
Albers, Jessie, Fremont, Neb.
Allen, Helen, 2854 S. Street, Lincoln, Neb.
Ames, Mary Henderson, Ex. 1893, Public Library, Grand Island, Neb.
Auld, Alice A., Ex. 1904, 1113 So. 31 St., Omaha, Neb.
Auld, Eola Mack (Mrs. H. P. Peterson), Ex. 1903, 1111 S. 31st St., Oma-
Bacon. Mrs. Dorothy G. (Mrs. James H. McClintock), 1899, 439 E. Wash-
ington St., Phoenix, Ariz.
Barbour, Eleanor, 1234 R street, Lincoln, Neb.
Barton, Jessie, 441 N. 28th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Bignell, Ethelin Josephine (Mrs. Chas E. Matson), Ex. 1903, 719 S. 16th
St., Lincoln Neb.
Bonnell, Daisy F., B. S., 1899, 1245 Q St., Lincoln, Neb.
Bonnell, Fay, 1245 Q St., Lincoln, Neb.
Bonnell, Winifred, Ex. 1903, 1245 Q St., Lincoln, Neb.
Brush, Lynn, Ex. 1903. Ashland, Neb.
Brush, Maude, Ex. 1900, Ashland, Neb.
Bryant, Clara L., A. B., 1896, 410 Oak St., Anaconda Mont.
Butler, Ada, deceased.
Butler, Florence, 2837 Q St., Lincoln, Neb.
Byers, Margaret, 1510 G. St., Lincoln, Neb.
Cady, Adnell (Mrs. George Pyne), A. B., 1903, St. Paul, Neb.
Campbell, Lena, 134 S. 28th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Casebeer, Agnes, D. S., 1903. 600 E. Main St., Independence, Kan.
Chadwick, F. Winifred, Ex. 1903, 22nd and 1st Ave., Kearney, Neb.
Chenoweth, Zoe, Ex. 1905, Ohiowa, Neb.
Covev. Rae M., Saint Paul, Neb.
Cox, Mable, Special, 1501 B St. ; Lincoln. Neb. •
Crowe, Inez, Ex. 1903, Carson, Iowa.
Currie, Keo, Broken Bow, Neb.
Davenport, Mae (Mrs. Douglas Donald), Ex. 1901, Fort Neobrara. Neb.
230 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Dean, Nellie, A. B., 1897, A. M., 1901, 2021 E. Sprague Ave., Spokane,
Dilworth, Alice Maud (Mrs. Elmer Conley), Ex. 1904, 3023 Chicago
St., Omaha, Neb.
DuBois, Ada (Mrs. Stephen Audley Reasoner), A. B., 1898, 2208 F. Ave.,
Duteil, Bertha, Ex. 1898. 127 N. 17th, Lincoln, Neb.
Forbes, Fay, Nebraska City, Neb.
Frankish, Ellen II., A. B.. 1897, 1345 S. 18th St , Lincoln, Neb.
Glasgow, Blanche (Mrs. Wm. Taylor), 1106 St. John's Place, Brooklyn,
Graves, Fannie L., 1907, Shelton, Neb.
Gray, Helen, Fremont, Neb.
Grimmison, Margaret, 1905, Schuyler, Neb.
Gund, Edna Mann, A. B., 1903, 234 S. 27th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Harrison, Florence, Grand Island, Neb.
Hartley, Mayme, 1711 L. St., Lincoln, Neb.
Hazelett, Maudei Ex. 1901, 8 City Block, Lincoln, Neb.
Heilman, Ellen (Mrs. Ellen Heilman Johnson), Ex. 1900, Missouri Val-
Hermanson, Clara, Kearney, Neb.
Hoberg, Minnie, Ex. 1905, Spencer, la.
Hover, Winifred, B. L., 1907, Lima College, 515 N. Jamison Ave., Lima,
Hudson, Myrtle, 1631 R St., Lincoln, Neb.
Hudson, Vinda, Ex. 1907, 1631 R St., Lincoln, Neb.
Hunter, Esther, Fremont, Neb.
Keach, Minnie Katherine (Mrs. Emory R. Buckner), Ex. 1905, New
York City, N. Y.
Koch, Alma, Ex. 1900, 135 E. 42nd Place, Chicago, 111.
Koehler, Sophia Margaret, A. B., 1902, Le Mars, la.
Lauer, Hazel, 1906, Melick Court 13th and K Sts., Lincoln, Neb.
Lauffer, Myrtle, Ex. 1904, Virginia City, Mont.
Loomis, Leo, Ex. 1903, Fremont, Neb.
Losch, Blanche R. (Mrs. Arthur L Tucker), Ex. 1900, Cedar Rapids, Neb.
Losch, Grace (Mrs. Norris A. Huse), A. B., 1903, 211 N. 11th St., Nor-
Losch, Lulu, Ex., 1905, West Point, Neb.
Lumry, Bess., Ex. 1907, Garrison, N. D.
Lumry. Katherine, 1905, Fargo, N. D.
Mackin, Clare, A. B., 1903, Nebraska City, Neb.
Manahan, Mrs. Minnie K., Ex. Special, St. Paul. Minn.
Miller, Mamie (Mrs. Percy Metz), B. S., 1901, Basin, Wyo.
Minich, Jean, Palmer, Neb.
Moore, Cleone, Ex. 1904, 2208 Mouffitt Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
Morrison, Estella, 1631 F. St., Lincoln, Neb.
Muir, Anita (Mrs. Frederick H. Abbott), Ex. 1898, Columbus, Neb.
Muir, Harriet, 1801 S. 17th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Murray, Hazel Moye (Mrs. Richard J. Clark), Ex. 1904, 19th & Y., Lin-
Norris, Ethel, Ex. 1905, 149 Calle Real Ermita, Manila, Philippine, I.
O'Conner, Bess, Missouri Valley, Iowa.
Palmer, Jeanette, Ex. 1903, 945 F. St., Lincoln, Neb.
Palmquist, Laura, Spencer, Iowa.
Perrin, Edna, "State Farm," Lincoln. Neb.
Pershing. May. 130 S. 28th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Pierce, Cora, Ex. 1904, B4air, Neb.
Powers, Pearl (Mrs. O. J. Fee), Ex. 1902. 2659 Euclid Ave., Lincoln, Neb.
Poynter, Josephine. Cons. 1902, 349 S. 27th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Raper, Pauline, Pawnee City, Neb.
DELTA DELTA DELTA LAMBDA CHAPTER. 231
Reynolds, May, Ex. 1903, 909 N. I. St., Fremont, Neb.
Riley, Helen A. (Mrs. C. C. Goodrich > Ex. 1895, Cedar Rapids, Neb.
Roberts, Edith T., Ex. 1903, 2615 N. Street, Lincoln, Neb.
Roberts, Flora, Ex. 1902, White Hall, Montana.
Rogers, Anna, 1632 L. St., Lincoln, Neb.
Roman, Lillian, 1336 E. Street, Lincoln, Neb.
Rothwell, Nell, Ex. 1907, 1624 K. St., Lincoln, Neb.
Sails, Grace, Ex. 1900. (trans, from B), 1618 Boone Ave., Spokane, Wash.
Smith, Clara King (Mrs. T. Woodward Jones), Ex. 1897, Wayne, Neb.
Smith, Salina, Beaver Crossing, Neb.
Steele, Lavinia, Ex. 1900, Coon Rapids, la.
Steven, Edna, Shelton, Neb.
Taylor, Anna L., A. B., 1897, 2305 H. St., South Omaha, Neb.
Taylor, Sara Vorc, A. B., 1896, 2305 H. St., S. Omaha, Neb.
Theobald, Monte J., (trans, to M) Wayne, Neb.
Thompson, Lillian Yoder (Mrs. James G. Benedict), Ex. 1901, 2918 E.
29th St., Kansas City, Mo.
Tweed, Ada, Davenport, Neb.
Vanderveer, Alma, 1905, 225 S. 18th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Ventors, Elsie, 1635 C. Street, Lincoln, Neb.
Von Mmtsfclde, Bell, A. B., 1897, A. M., 1898, Ashland, Neb.
Von Mansfelde, Duty, A. B., 1895, Ashland, Neb.
Von Mansfelde, Johanna, A. B., 1895, Ashland, Neb.
Vote, Anna, A. B., 1900, 3003 J. St., Lincoln, Neb.
Walker, Louisa (Mrs. W. B. Burns), Cons. 1904, 3521 Lafayette Ave.,
Whitcomb, Lila, Ex. 1903, 1017 S. 16th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Whitcomb, Pauline, Ex. 1905, 1017 S. 16th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Whittier, Bernice, Ph. B., 1907, Iowa College, Grinnell, Whiting, la.
Whittier, Julia Edith, Ex. 1903, Whiting, Iowa.
Wilson, Veda M., A. B., 1898, Ashland, Neb.
Allen, Ada, Chanute, Kan.
Allen,, Celia, A. B., 1905, Baldwin, Kan.
Allen, Ora, 1906, Chanute, Kan.
Ames, Nora Dale, B. L., 1904, Baldwin, Kan.
Amos, Margaret Janet, Cons. 1900, Baldwin, Kan.
Bailey, Mae (Pledged), died Jan. 1907,
Balsley, Helen, Ex. 1903, 1328 Tenn. St., Lawrence, Kan.
Beasley, Charlotte (Mrs. R. D. Williams), A. B., 1897, Argentine, Kan.
Benedict, Emily Isabel (Mrs. Morriss Hamilton), A. B., 1902, Leaven-
Betzer, Margaret, 714 Tyler St., Topeka, Kan.
Brcyfogle, Grace (Mrs. Chas. W. Jones), B. L., 1895, Lenexa, Kan.
Byers, Jessie, 530 N. Main, Ottawa- Kan.
Carrico, Reba K. (Mrs. G. M. Lisk), Ex. 1906, 101 Flynn Ave., Alva,
Caudry, Zula Zaun (Mrs. J. W. Dunn), Ex. 1900.
Cavaness, Ethel (Mrs. J. L. Taylor), A, B., 1897, Pittsburg, Kan.
Challis, Ray, Ex. 1903, Westmoreland, Kan.
Clark, Ella" (Mrs. George Cell), A. B., 1901, Goethe St. Portal II, Char-
Coppock, Leda Belle (Mrs. A. C. Hallowell), Ex. 1900. Rosedale, Kan,
Cullison, Cora (Mrs. J. S. Hibbard), Ph. B., 1897, Argentine, Kan.
Darbyshire, Esther, 719 N. Florence St., El Paso, Tex.
Davis, Edith, Arkansas City, Kan.
Dean, Ethel (Mrs. W. C. Ball),, Ex. 1901, Webb City, Mo.
Dean. Nira Ethel (Mrs. Benedict), Ex. 1898, Chicago, 111.
232 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Dearborn, Estelle Delight (Mrs. Craig Graham), Ex. 1899, Beloit, Kan.
Dudgeon, Edith M., Ph. B., 1890, 1127 Haskell Ave., Kansas City, Kan.
Eaton, Grace (Mrs. J. G. White), Ex. 1903* 79 F St., Salt Lake City,
Edwards, Wilna Moore, 1907, To^eka, Kan.
Farrar, Dale, Axtell, Kan.
Fisher, Lucille Mary (Mrs. Harvey Morriss), Cons. 1898, Oswego, Kan.
Follin, Aura M. (Mrs. J. T. Docker), Ph. B., 1898, 529 W. .% Hotel Love-
joy, Los Angeles, Cal.
Follin, Ella Rachel (Mrs. Chas. Beeks), Ex. 1894, Baldwin, Kan.
Follin, Emma Alice, Ph. B., 1902, 240 N. Lawrence, Wichita, Kan.
Follin, Mary Alma, Ex. 1897, 1414 S. Hope St., Los Angeles, Cal.
French, Ethel Evelyn, 2446 Brooklyn Ave., Kansas City, Mo.
Hair, Anna May (Mrs. M. C. Findley)/. A. B., 1891, Grant's Pass, Oregon
Hand, Mary Eleanor (Mrs. W. M. Simpson), Ph. B., 1897, 543 Locust
Ave., Long Beach, Cal.
Hempill, Margaretta, Reno, Kan.
Hestwood, Rosa Mabel (Mrs. E. L. Carson), Ex. 1903, Great Bend, Kan.
Hilty, Josephine Barbara.
Hobartj. Emily Adelaide, Ex. 1901, Osage City, Kan.
Hoch, Anna, A. B., 1907, Governor's Mansion, Topeka, Kan.
Hoover, Carrie (Mrs. Will Markham), A. B., 1890, Baldwin, Kan.
Hoover, Fern, Baldwin, Kansas.
Hunsicker, Lillie M., A. B., 1900, 57 Washington St., Chicago, 111.
Imboden, Blanche S. (Mrs. Harry W. Stanley), 1905, 945 Buffum, Wichi-
Imboden, Hortense, 1908, 215 N. Emporia, Wkhita, Kan.
Ives, Mary Sophia (Mrs. Forest Hartley), A. B., 1895, 325 Olive St..
Kansas City, Mo.
Keatch, Minnie (Mrs. Minnie K. Buckner) 1900, Wilbur, Neb.
Kemp, Harriet, A. B., 1901, Pestalozzi Sts. 65, Charlottenburg, Berlin.
Kibler, Josephine, Wellsville, Kan.
Lakin, Maude, 1901, (Deceased).
Leach, Grace, Baldwin, Kan.
Leavitt, Maude, 1907, Paola, Kan.
Lockhart, Grace Isabel (Mrs. L. D. Edgington), A. B., 1904, Alta Vista,
Markham, Dora C. (Mrs. H. A. Clark^ A. B., 1896, 112 Raynor St.,
Syracuse, N. Y.
Markham, Iva, LeMar, Colo.
McDaniel, Ida, Ph. B., 1901, 325 N. Fourth Ave., Phoenix, Ariz.
McDaniel, Stella, A. B., 1907, Baldwin, Kan.
Mclntire, Amy (Mrs. Chas. Mahan), A. B.. 1906, Longton, Kan.
Mclntire, Mary, Ex. 1907, Guaniajuato, Mexico.
McKenney, Grace Alice, Winchester, Kan.
Mitchell, Lillie (Mrs. Enoch Piersol), Cons. 1897, Oklahoma City, Okla.
Mitchler, May, Cons. 1894, Paola, Kan.
Murray, Mary (Mrs. James Hair), Ph. B., 1892, Grant's Pass, Oregon.
Nixon, Ella (Mrs. F. N. Hair), 1895, Baldwin, Kan.
Parke, HazeV Phillipsburg, Kan.
Palmer, Frances May, 1904, El Reno, Okla.
Parmenter, Helen, Baldwin, Kan.
Parmenter, Lucile, Baldwin, Kan.
Porter, Anna Downey, Baldwin, Kan.
Porter, Helen, Baldwin, Kan.
Reed, Georgiana (Mrs. Nelson Case).. B. L., 1889, Oswego, Kan.
Reed, Gertrude, 902 Moffet Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Reed, Hortense Jane, 1902, Texarkana, Ark.
Richards, Rena (Mrs. John D. Hunter), 1901, 900 Benton Boulevard, Kan-
sas City, Mo.
DELTA DELTA DELTA — MU CHAPTER. 233
Rucker, Burdee, Baldwin, Kan.
Sain, Jane (Mrs. Parks Helmick), Ex. 1898, 630 S. Highland, Chanute,
Sain, Lydia, B. L., 1398, M. L., 1902, Neosho Falls, Kan.
Scott, Ruth B., 1899, Ottawa, Kan.
Seaton, Mary (Mrs. Walter P. Wharton), Moran, Kan.
Smith, Hortense, Independence, Kan.
Smith* Lois Louise, 1540 Mass. Ave., Lawrence, Kan.
Stanley, Harriet, A. B,. 1907, The Riverside, Wichita, Kan.
Sterling, Harriet K., A. B., 1906, Peabody, Kan.
Swan, Zola E. (Mrs. G. D. Lunbeck), A. B., 1899, 3920 E. 18th St., Kan-
sas City, Mo.
Taggart, Gussie May (Mrs. Scott Bedford)., Ex. 1904, 634 E. 56th St.,
Thompson, Laura, Ex. 1906, 337 Exposition St., Wichita, Kan.
Thorne, Delia, Waterdale, Kan.
Thorne, Ethelyn G. (Mrs. Wm. Johnson), A. B., 1905, Pullman, Wash.
Tulley, Margaret M., Cons. 1906, Independence, Kan.
Tulley, Mary E., 1906, Independence, Kan.
Van Patten, Mary, 1906, Burlingame, Kan.
Walker, Reba (Mrs. D. E. Waggoner), Ex. 1903, 316 S. 6th St., Inde-
Walter, Althea Jeannette, 1907,, Kingman, Kan.
Wharton, Edna (Mrs. Homer Hoch), B. L., 1903, Governor's Mansion,.
Wickard, Sue, Baldwin, Kan.
Wilev, Laura, Ex. 1906, Eldorado, Kan.
Williams, Laura, Ex. 1906, (Northwestern U.), North Yakima, Wash.
Wolfe, Edna R. (Mrs. P. M. Pearson), B. L., 1895, Swarthmore College,
Wright. Beulah, Oratory 1897, (trans, to T), Univ. of S. C, Los Angeles,
Wright, Pluma Lou, Ex. 1905, 510 W. 1st St., Pittsburg, Kan.
Yoe, Edna (Mrs. Al Bryant), 210 S. 10th, Independence, Kan.
Yoe, Ruth, Independence, Kan.
Allen, Elsie C. (Mrs. Frank Koontz), Ex. 1900, 635 Greenwood Ave.,
Allen, Florence E., M. L.„ 1900, 1212 W. Johnson, Madison, Wis.
Anderson, Julia Marjorie, B. S., 1903, Oconomowoc, Wis.
Anderson, Lela, Ex. 1900, Augusta, Wis.
Anderson, Selina Elizabeth, 1906, 1615 W. 6th St., Racine, Wis.
Bao-ley, Zillah Julia, 1133 Rutledge. Madison, Wis.
Bellack, Mabel Jeanette, Ex. 1901, 468 Kenilworth Pt, Milwaukee, Wis.
Berrick, Marv Louise.
Binz, Elsie, Ex. 1904, 4448 Prairie Ave., Chicago, 111.
Borresen, Alice Julia. 207 West Ave. S., La Crosse, Wis.
Burnham, Ethel Romelia, 124 N. 7th St., La Crosse, Wis.
Campbell, Daisy (Mrs. Chas. Jensch), B. S., 1899, Hudson. Wis.
Carter, Bessie Ann, Lancaster, Wis.
Carter, Ethel Suzanne, Lancaster, Wis.
Cawley, Margaret (trans, from ©), Pipeston, Minn.
Chritzman, Elizabeth Z., Ex. 1909, Kewanee, 111.
Clifford, Grace Claudia, Ex. 1902, Stoughton, Wis.
Confer, Edna, 629 W. Johnson St., Madison, Wis.
Dixon, Grace Shirley, B. L., 1903, 89 State St/ New Bedford, Mass.
Dopp, Mary, B. S. 1899, Oconomowoc, Wis.
Earl, Florence Corlett, 1906, 841 Prospect Place, Madison, Wis.
234 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Egan, Mary Amelia. A. B., 1904, 1102 W. Johnson, Madison, Wis.
Ellison, Wanda Glayds (Mrs. Herbert Thomas), B. L., 1899, 419 2nd
Ave., Baraboo, Wis.
Fehrenkamp, Winnifred, Ex. 1904, 346 Washington, Milwanlrpp Wis.
Fitzgerald, Helen Elizabeth, 1905, Oconomowoc, Wis.
Foster, Edith May), Ex. 1902, Hurley, Wis.
Greene, Ethel Blanche, Middleton, Wis.
Goldschmidt, Hulda Hanchen, Ex. 1905, Earlville, 111.
Heller, Eda Daisy, Ex. 1902. Sheboygan, Wis.
Hobbins, Fan, 1907, 114 West Gilman, Madison, Wis.
Hobbinsj, Grace, 1907, 114 West Gilman, Madison, Wis.
Hobbins, Mary Catherine (Mrs. Frank Woy), Ex. 1901, Madison, Wis.
Hilbertshauer, Lillie, Sheboygan, Wis.
Hocking, Kate Lanyon, M. A., 1902, Mineral Point, Wis.
Hutton, Annabel MacGregor, 1906, Waukesha, Wis.
Johnson, Edith, 1906, 106 W. Sycamore, Kokomo, Ind.
Johnson, Martha Frances, 1905, 106 W. Sycamore, Kokomo, Ind.
Johnson, Mary Maurine, Ex. 1901, Grand Rapids, Wis.
Johnson, Nina, 106 W. Sycamore, Kokomo, Ind.
Jones, Gwendolyn Gaynor, 1905(. 207 Washington, Ave., Madison, Wis.
Kittelson, May Cordelia, Ex. 1902, Brodhead, Wis.
Latta, Grace Deborah, Antigo, Wis.
Latta, Maud Abigail, A. B., 1902, Antigo, Wis.
Macomber, Winifred Carr, Tomahawk, Wis.
Middleton, Anna Dale, B. S., 1903, 205 S. Austin Ave, Oak Park, 111.
Middleton, Eliza Evelyn, 1905, 205 Austin Ave., Oak Park, 111.
Murchison, Hettie Maria, Greely, Colo.
Nelson, Jessie Louise (Mrs. Samuel T. Swanson), B. L., 1900, 426 W.
Wilson, Madison, Wis.
Newman, Esther Marion, B. L., 1902\ Algoma, Wis.
O'Brien, Amy, (pledged), Sparta, Wis.
Palmer, Bess Gail, (Mrs. Lovett West), Ex. 1902, 557 W. 14T»th St., New
Parkinson, Myra, 1907, 516 Wisconsin St., Madison, Wis.
Parmeleq Mary Reynale, 241 St. Clair Ave., Sheboygan, Wis.
Pawling, Ethel (pledged), 2003 Grand Ave., Milwaukee, Wis.
Peck, Ruby Ethel (Mrs J. Corscot), Ex. 1902, 109 E. Johnson, Madison,
Perry, Clara M. (Mrs. Clara Perry-Brown), Ex. 1900, Algoma, Wis.
Perry, Minnie, Ex. 1901, Algoma, Wis.
Pfisterer, Clara (Mrs. Arthur Cowley), B. L.. 1901, E. 20 6th Ave.,
Phalon, Ada (Pledge), 1813 Barry Ave., Chicago, 111.
Place, Sadie Barclay. 1826 Liberty St., Marinette, Wis.
Pickford, Merle, B. L., 1902, 201 S. Mills, Madison Wis.
Pickford, Theo. Beatrice (Mrs. Ray Owens), B. L., 1903, 201 S. Mills
St.. Madison, Wis.
Prien, Verona M., Ex. 1903, 211 N. First St., Rockford, 111.
Prescott, Katheryn, Sheboygan, Wis.
Redfield, Ethel lone (Mrs. Harry Hobbins), A. B., 1904, S. Mills St,
Richards, Lillian Ethel, B. L.. 1903, Lake Geneva, Wis.
Scofield,, Jessie (Mrs. E. N. Nash), Ex. 1899, 581 N. Chambers St.
Sears, Edith, (Pledged). 217 S. Mills St., Madison, Wis.
Skinner, Nellie Zell (Mrs. G. E. Broughton), Ex. 1905, Kraner, N. D.
Stillman, Clara (Mrs. Rudolph Hartman), 1901, Juneau Ct., Juneau Ave.,
Stillman, Gertrude (Mrs. John B. Sanborn), B. S., 1899, 8 W. Gilman,
DELTA DELTA DELTA NU CHAPTER. 235
Tarbox, Edna Laura, 1905, North 8th St., La Crosse. Wis.
Theobald, Monte, Wayne, Neb, (trans, from K).
Thompson, Ethel Adele, Ex. 1900, Milwaukee, Wis.
Thursby, Helen, (Pledged), 724 Conklin Ct., Madison, Wis.
Treleven, Elizabeth Mayham (Mrs. Arthur Breitzman), Ex. 1901, Fond
du lac, Wis.
Weber, Anne (Mrs. Clarence Cleveland), B. L, 1900, 2110 Clarendon
Ave., Chicago, 111.
Webster, Gertrude (Mrs. Otto Worthington), Ex. 1901.
Westenhaver, Adda Josephine (Mrs. Samuel Weidman), Cons. 1898, 410
W. Henry, Madison, Wis.
Wentworth, Bessie Sylvia, Ex. 1905, 195 Farwell Ave., Milwaukee, Wis.
Wentworth, Daisybelle (Mrs. Ray Palmer), Ex. 1901, 195 Farwell Ave.,.
Whitcomb, Eva Grace, Ex. 1904, Monroe, Wis.
Whittier, Martha, A. B., 1904, (trans, from A), Bellevue, Neb.
Whittier, Rowena Maud, 1906, Zeigler, 111.
Willis, Winifred, (Pledged), Lancaster, Wis.
Armstrong, Clara (Mrs. Nelson P. Neill), 1901, Venice, Ohio.
Armstrong, Edna, 1897, 313 W. Ninth Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Boggess, Esther (Mrs. A. O. Lechner), Ex. 1902, 66 Linden Ave., In-
Boggess, Julia (Mrs. Marion De Main), Ex. 1902, Middleport, Ohio.
Bown, Ethel, 44 S. Garfield Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Brandon, Mary Josephine, 1112 Dennison Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Cannon, Nan. 1901, 1312 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Chase, Mary Elizabeth (Mrs. W. H. Taylor), Ex. 1899, 234 Carr St. r
Clarksburg, W. Va.
Clapo, Katherine (Mrs. Edw. Horton), 1902, 101 Mark St., Toledo, O.
Clark, Margaret (Mrs. Olin C. Castle), Ex. 1904, Wilkinsburg, Pa
Clark, Oril (Mrs. Howard L. Beach), Ex. 1904, 735 Wallace Ave, Wil-
Curry, Lucile (Mrs. Fred C. Jeannot), Ex. 1903, 7606 Linwood Ave. N. E.
Davis, Mary V., N. Broadway, Clintonville, Ohio.
De Witt, Maude M. (Mrs. Raymond Pearl), Ex. 1898, care Union, Phil-
Domoneyi. Alice, North High St. (cor. 9th Ave.), Columbus. Ohio.
Eastman, Maud (Mrs. Edwin Murbach), Ex. 1902, Archibald, Ohio.
Echols, Lenore C. (Mrs. Frank Carpenter), 1904, 61 W. 10 Ave., Col-
Ewalt, Clara Converse, Ph. B., 1901, M. A., 1903, 420 East Centre St r
Fippin, Lucy, Ex. 1904, Grant Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.
Garman, Sue E., 1903, 23 St. Mary's St., Dayton, Ohio.
Gorrell, Emilie C, 1906, 1240 Fair Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Gothlin, Jean M., 190 W. 8th Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Greenwood, Georgene W., 200 N. Garfield Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Hanley, Lydia, Normandie, E. Long St., Columbus, Ohio.
Heldmyer, Florence, Ex. 1896, Middle Ave., Elyria, Ohio.
Herrick, Sarah Ethel (Mrs. King G. Thompson), 1902, 161 W. 10th Ave. r
Hessong, Helen, 104 E. Frambes Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Hirsch, Frieda, 1060 S. Front St., Columbus, Ohio.
Hopkins, Bertha, 1902, 1437 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Hopkins, Clara (Mrs. William Snodgrass), 1902, Marysville, Ohio.
Hopkins, Edith, 1902, 1437 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
236 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Horstj Anita, 326 W. 5th Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Houston, Grace, 200 W. 4th Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Hudson, Clara Putnam (Mrs. Hebur Mclntire), A. B., 1902, 1900 Hull
Ave., Wilkinsburg, Pa.
Jahn, Nan (Mrs. Edward C. Turner), 1900, 476 S. Ohio Ave., Columbus,
James, Florence (Mrs. Edward O. R. Flynn), 1896, Chicago, 111.
Joyce, Mary (Mrs. Alden Bush), Ex. 1898, 732 Park St., Columbus, O.
Kellerman, Edna Nana ~rs. James W. Owen), Ex. 1905. Briston, I. T.
Kellerman, Iv% A. B., 1898, A. M., Cornell, 1899, 175 W. 11th Ave., Col-
Lents, Alice (Mrs. James McMillen), 1697, Somerton, Ohio.
Long, Bessie (Mrs. Ernest E. Levers). Ex. 1897, Sheridan, Wyo.
Long, Myrtle (Mrs. E. N. Dennison), Ex. 1898, Douglas, Wyo.
Macke, Marcella Katherine, 925 Woodlawn Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Maerker, Grace E., Napoleon, Ohio.
Mills, Helen, Ex. 1902, Gallipolis, Ohio.
Munshower, Mabel (Mrs. G A. Sulzer), Ex. 1897, 98 E. Second St,
Nesbitt, Edith Mary, 1087 Oak St., Columbus, Ohio.
Nichol, Gertrude (Mrs. Clarence Addison), Ph. B., 1899, 34 Sherman
Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Peters, Frances (Mrs. Verner Bierman)>, Ex. 1900, The Chelsea, Colum-
Phipps, Edith (Mrs. Archibald Wood), Ex. 1897, Lorain, Ohio.
Pocock, Lucy (Mrs. Harry G. Waggstaff), 1902, The Chateau, Cleveland,
Ragan, Eleanor (Mrs. Charles Sander), 1903, Baltimore, Md.
Ralston, Florence, E. Broad St.. Columbus, Ohio.
Reeb, Margaret (Mrs. Herbert T. Cook), Ex. 1898, Goldfield, Nevada.
Rees, Edith, 1901. 696 Oakwood Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Rinehart, Helen E, 329 Elm St., Toledo, Ohio.
Roberts, Cora Ruth, 527 E. Long St.,. Columbus, Ohio.
Rockwell, M. Fannie (Mrs. Anton Fx. Gehring), 1899, 57 Richmond Ave
Rodebaugh, Mable, 1905, 900 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Roof, Aimee Berry, 1905, 40 W. 3rd Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Scatterday, Adelia, 104 E. Frambes Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Shurtz, Olive, 1898, 316 West 8th Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Skiles, Blanche Gertrude (Mrs. Thomas J. Green), 1900, East Main St.,
Skiles, Zanta, 1897, Shelby, Ohio.
Spitler, Alice, B. S., 1905, Ind. and Ludlow St., Dayton, O.
Stewart, Grace, Lenox Hotel, Goodale St., Columbus. Ohio.
Swann, Hazel, 235 N. 20th St., Columbus, Ohio.
Thompson, Loula B. (Mrs. Del B. Sayres), B. S., 1905, Stonega, Va.
Thrall, Josefa, Ex. 1899, 27 19th St., Toledo, Ohio.
Trimby, Elsie M., 462 W. 4th Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Turney, Loa E., 992 Mt. Vernon Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Veach, Esther (Mrs. Charles Wm. McGruder) Ex. 1901, 504 Hudson
Ave., Newark, Ohio.
Ward, Elizabeth H, Ex. 1903, (transferred to Upsilon), 1359 Sunnyside
Ave., Sheridan Park, Chicago, 111.
Watt, Vivieni (Mrs. Dr. C. M. Scutlerday), 1905, Freeport, Ohio. '
Weaver, Mima J., 1903, 126 W. 4th St., Dayton, Ohio.
Williams, Ethel (Mrs. C. Durward Cain), Ex. 1903, 1224 Bryden Road,
DELTA DELTA DELTA OMICRON CHAPTER. 237
Allen, Claudia, Ph. B., 1904, Ped. B., 1906, Burnt Hills, N. Y.
Allen, Evelyn (Mrs. Spier), B. L., 1899, 1527 Mt. Vernon St,. Philadel-
Armes, Isabel H., Palmyra, N. Y.
Ash, Bessie Marguerite, 1906, Oxford, N. Y.
Baker, J. Viva, Ex. 1905, Gouverneur, N. Y.
Barron, Sarah Elizabeth^ Ex. 1902, died Jan. 27, 1905.
Bartholomew, Grace, Ex. 1903, Reading Center, N. Y.
Beach, Bertha Louise (Mrs. Frank Wildwick), A. B., 1903, Warwick,
N. Y. #
Beaman, Alice Emogene, 154 Park St., Gouverneur, N. Y.
Beaman, Vera, A. B., 1902„ 154 Park St., Gouverneur, N. Y.
Bentley, Frances, 514 Onondaga St., Syracuse, N. Y.
Beran, Mabel, died, Dec. 18, 1899.
Bond, Elizabeth Lois, Ex. 1904, 143 President St., Troy, N. Y.
Boone, Daisy (Mrs. L. B. Phillips), Ex. 1899, 910 Madison St., Syra-
cuse, N. Y.
Born, Eva Marie, Cons. 1903, 608 Townsend St., Syracuse, N. Y-
Boston, Edna, Centremoreland, Pa.
Bowerman, Ruth, Honeoye Falls, N. Y.
Bowles, Ethel Daisy, A. B., 1902, Tarrytown, N. Y.
Braley, Patty Naomi, Ph. B., 1899, Cobleskill, N. Y.
Brown, Jane May, 1904, 46 Lenox Ave., Oneida, N. Y.
Brown, Josephine (Mrs. Burton), 1898, Spencerport, N. Y.
Campbell, Beulah, 609 Tallman St., Syracuse, N. Y.
Chollar, Anne Lucinette, 1001 E. Fayette St., Syracuse, N. Y.
Clark, Elizabeth G., 205 Euclid Ave., Syracuse, N. Y.
Copeland, Edith Emily, Scottsville, N. Y.
Corbin, Lena (Mrs. John R. Fansey), Ex. 1901, 2 Lincoln St., Spring-
Crofoot, Minnie D., 1904*. Union, N. Y.
Cure, George May, 39 Cortland St., Norwich, N. Y.
Darrohn, Anna, 1907, Rush, N. Y.
Darrohn, Clara, 1907, Rush, N. Y.
Delavan, Emma T. (Mrs. Chas. Dean), Ex. 1902, Onego, N. Y.
Dick, Ada Amelia, 1902, 119 McAllister Ave., Syracuse, N. Y.
Dills, Anna F. (Mrs. Floyd Avery), Ph. B* 1901, Mills St., Onondaga
Valley, N. Y.
Drake, Georgiana, 1907, Lodi St., Syracuse, N. Y.
Dunham Nina (Mrs. Nina Dunham), Ex. 1901, Flushing, L. I.
Embury, Ethel (Mrs. Irving Hyatt), Ex. 1899, St. Agnes School, Albany,
Farrell, Edith M. (Mrs. Staver), Ex. 1901, Guayaquil, Ecuador, S. A.
Field, Lynette E., Ex. 1901, Wellsboro, Pa.
Fosbinder, Cora C, Ex. 1904, Phoenix, N. Y.
Gibbons, Bertha I. (Mrs. A. H. Traver), Ex. 1901, 865 Madison Ave.,
Albany, N. Y.
Gilbert, Alma" Antoinette, Ex. 1906, Adams, N. Y.
Gillespee, Delila Mable, Ex. 1903, Johnstown, N. Y.
Greene, Marian Edith (Mrs. Robt. Granger), Ex. 1905, 25 Highland Ave.,
Rochester, N. Y.
Hannahs, Edith Neald, Adams, N. Y.
Heinmiller, Ida Mae, Mottville, N. Y.
Higley, Mabel D. (Mrs. Fogg), Ex. 1900, Hartford, N. Y.
Hitchcock, Alice Mary (Mrs. Joseph Head), 1906, 112 Rice St., Syra-
cuse, N. Y.
Hollis, Anna J., Ph. B., 1897i. Canastota, N. Y.
Hood, Jessie, Ex. 1903, 900 Irving Ave., Syracuse, N. Y.
238 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Holzwarth, Arma E. (Mrs. Franklin J. Holzwarth), Ex. 1905, 911 Wal-
nut Ave., Syracuse, N. Y.
Holzwarth, May Louise, 1905, E. Aurora, N. Y.
Johnson, Clara Belle (Mrs. George Champlin), Ph. B., 1900, 22 Lyth
Ave., Buffalo, N. Y.
Johnston, Helena May, Ex. 1904, 101 Waverly Ave., Syracuse, N. Y.
Johnson, Lyla Lucretia Lord, B. L., 1907, Gouverneur, N. Y.
Jones, Flora, Ex. 1902, Oswego, N. Y.
Kellogg, Ethel (Mrs. Geo. Benedict),. 2064 N. Main Ave., Scranton, Pa.
Keyes, Alice Estella, 1907, Windsor, N. Y.
Kingsley, Agnes Leona, 1906, 51 Henry St., Norwich, N. Y.
Kinney, Edith, Ph. B., 1901, care High School, Schnectady, N. Y.
Lathrop, Harriet Kruse, 1204 E. Adams St.* Syracuse, N. Y.
Lewis, Mabel, 801 Waverly Ave., Syracuse, N. Y.
MacKenzie, Mary Derstyne, Ph. B., 1902, Ph. M., 1907, Trans, from H,
608 Grand St* Troy, N. Y.
Madden, Edith May, 128 Fitch St., Sysacuse, N. Y.
Maltb". Mary Glass, Ex. 1899, Rochester N. Y.
March, Lola May, Pottstown, Pa.
Merrill, Frances (Mrs. Elbert R. Davis), Ex. 1903^ New York, N. Y.
Merritt, Elizabeth R., 709 W. Onondaga St,. Syracuse, N. Y.
Metcalf, Minnette E. (Mrs. Hammond Buckley), Ex. 1901, Evanston, 111.
Mills, Lela MacGregor, 1907, Hammond, N. Y.
Mitchell, Clara Louise, 1906, Goshen, N. Y.
Moore, Clara Emily (Mrs. Roland Harris), 1906, cor. Monroe and Averil
Ave., Rochester), N. Y.
Mott, Mary, 1906, 101 Jay St., Watertown, N. Y.
Neal, Grace May (Mrs. Geo. Wallace), 1907, 111 McClure Ave., Syra-
cuse, N. Y.
Otto, Anna Marie, 1109 Bellevue Ave., Syracuse, N. Y.
Palmer, Emily Julia, Lorville, N. Y.
Pease, Jessie A. (Mrs. Ellis E. Lawton), Ph. B., 1903, New Haven, Conn.
Pennypacker, Reba Florence, Ex. 1907, Morristown, Pa.
Percival, Evelyn Agnes, Portville, N. Y.
Perry, Alberta, Ph. B., 1899, 214 Harrison St., Syracuse, N. Y.
Philips, Jenny L., Ex. 1903, Dalmore Dundee, Scotland.
Pimm, Margaret Elsie, Union Springs, N. Y.
Potter Metta Maude (Mrs. Adelbert Maybe), Ex. 1903, (Rochester, N.
Y.), Paris, France.
Quick, Geneveret (Mrs. Adelbert Carpenter)., Ph. B., 1902, Rome, N. Y.
Radigan, Mabel A. (Mrs. Maloney), Ex. 1902, Antwerp, N. Y.
Reed, Agnes (Mrs. Mortimer J. Vincett, Jr.), Ex. 1899, Kellogg St,
Syracuse, N. Y.
Reen, Luella J. (Mrs. Frederick Deland), Ex. 1903, 202 Lincoln Ave.,
Syracuse, N. Y.
Reynolds, Bertha Catherine, 123 Standard St.. Syracuse, N. Y.
Reynolds, Winifred Agnes, 1906, 123 Standart St., Syracuse, N. Y.
Seymour,, Lucretia Wooster, Ex. 1901, 126 Standart St., Syracuse, N. Y.
Sherwood, Erma Blanche (Mrs. Wayne Benedict), 1906, Brookfield, N. Y.
Smith, Annie, Ex. 1905, 135 Lexington Ave., Davton, Ohio.
Southworth, Maude, Ph. B., 1902, North Broad St., Norwich, N. Y.
Spencer, Carolyn, A. B., 1902, Glen Cove, L. I.
Stallwood, Vida Bessie, 1906, Potsdam, N. Y.
Stanton, Harriette (Mrs. P. O. Place), 1204 East Adams St., Syracuse,
Steel, Josephine (Mrs. Sylvester Pelton), Ex. 1904, 459 South Ave.,
Rochester, N. Y.
Stinard, Bessie, Ex. 1904, 409 Cherry SU Syracuse, N. Y.
Strang, Grace Alice, Ex. 1904, Westfield, Pa.
Styles, Mollie Alice, Ex. 1906, Hammond, N. Y.
DELTA DELTA DELTA PI CHAPTER. 239
Sweeting, Jane Cordelia, 1906, 213 Erie St., Syracuse, N. Y.
Tanner, Minnie Frances Griffing, 1906/, 34 Henry St., Norwich, N. Y.
Taylor, Helen Chautauqua, Ex. 1904, Ellenville, N. Y.
Thomas, Ruth Hazel, Boonville, N. Y.
Timbrell, Ethel Berta (Mrs. E. H. Schuyler), A. B., 1897, 909 W. 8th
St. Erie, Pa.
Truesdell, Janette C. (Mrs. John W. Truesdell), 500 McBride St., Syra-
cuse;, N. Y.
Updyke, Alyda, Ex. 1901, 146 Garfield Ave., Syracuse, N. Y.
Vanderhoff, Edna Alberta, Ex. 1903, 138 Beach St., Patterson, N. J.
Waite, Marian Austin (Mrs. Herbert Magoon), 1906, 602 Ostrony Ave.,
Syracuse, N. Y.
Walrath, Stella Hoag, Cons. 1903. Cuthbert, Ga.
Ward, Ruth, Ph. B., 1900, 231 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y.
Wells, Helen A., 116 Onondaga Ave., Syracuse. N. Y.
Wheeler, Grace Elizabeth Adelaide, 1904, Portville, N. Y.
Whitman, Bertha/. Ex. 1900. Died, June 9, 1900.
Whitney, Floy F., B. L., 1901, Atlantic City, N. J.
Wilbur, Anna Amelia, Lafayetteville, N. Y.
Wilson, Maude Ida, Ex. 1903, Hammond, N. Y.
Winters, Maude M., Ex. 1899, Plattsburg, N. Y.
Witmer,. Jennie R., Shamokin, Pa.
Woodburn, Lucy Clark, Canajoharie, N. Y.
Worden, Jessie C, Ph. B., 1903, Amsterdam, N. Y.
Young, Nana Catherine (Mrs. James Woodruff), B. S., 1903, Monroe
Ave., Rochester, N. Y.
Abbott, Julia May (Mrs. F. Bruce Esty.)
Abbott, Nettie (Mrs. Martin A. Adams),, Alturas, Modoc Co., Cal.
Allen, Marion, 1906, 1625 Scenic Ave., Berkeley, Cal.
Ashley, Belle, Ex. 1907, 1661 Kewalo, Honolulu, Hai.
Barnicott, Dorothy, 2218 Union St., Berkeley, Cal.
Bowen, Katro Bonita, 1118 W. 8th St., Los Angeles, Cal.
Bowers, Jessie Lehmer, 1721 Euclid Ave., Berkeley, Cal.
Bush, Mary Helen, 1907, 935 Spruce St., Boulder, Col.
Buckingham, Kate, B. L. 1907, Vacaville, Cal.
Carter, Corrinne (Mrs. E. E. Scranton), Ph. B. 1899, Goat Island, Sa.i
Francisco, Harbor, Cal.
Carter, Frances Vick, B. S. 1902, 10th and Cedar Sts., San Diego, Cal.
Cilker, Martha Elisabeth, B. L. 1903, Los Gatos, Cal.
Damon, Julia Mills, (home address, Honolulu Hi.), 35 St. Botolph St.,
Drinkwater, Sara Leoline, 1906, 580 Vernon St., Oakland, Cal.
Dodge, Florence Isabelle, 1905, 686 So. Burlington Ave., Los Angeles, Cal.
Durand, Mary (Mrs. K. Dunlop), B. L. 1906, John's Hopkins U., Balti-
Ferrier, Magdalene, B. L. 1903, 2219 Channing Way, Berkeley, Cal.
Fisbie, Mable Louise, 1212 1st Ave., San Francisco, Cal.
Hammock, Elenor, A. B. 1900, 144 E. Ave., Los Angeles, Cal.
Hozuard, Florence Gertrud, B. L., 1902, San Lemando, Cal.
Hudson. Claire, Niles, Cal.
Jameson,Lois, 1906, Bakersfield, Cal.
Johnson, Louise Hamlin, B. S., 1899, 3848 A. Shaw Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
Johnston, K. Courtcnay. A. B. 1901, 246 Ave. 42, Los Angeles, Cal.
Johnston, Louise, B. L. 1903, Norwalk, Cal.
Kelley, Bernice Hayes, 1328 Bay View Place. Berkeley, Cal.
Kincaid, Anna Douglas, 1904, A. B. 1904, (Smith College), 1st Presby-
terian Manse. Charlotte, N. C.
240 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Lasell, Cora, Ex. 1906, 1947 Dwight Way, Berkeley. Cal.
Marshall, Luverne, 1907, Honolulu, Hi.
Martin, Edith, 1907, Chico, Cal.
Mason, Edith L„ 1907, 1356 Sixth St., San Diego, Cal.
McGraw, Edith, 945 Chestnut St., Oakland, Cal.
McGraw, Hazel, 1905, 945 Chestnut St., Oakland, Cal.
McGrew, May Edith, A. B. 1903, 2647 Hillegass Ave., Berkeley, Cal.
McGrew, Ruth Esther, A. B. 1903, Hillegass Ave., Berkeley. Cal.
Mennihan, Margaret, Cloverdale, Cal.
Ogden, Marguerite, 1175 Alice St., Oakland, Cal.
Patterson, Violet Louise, Ex. 1905, 234 Guerrero St., San Francisco, Cal.
Porterfield, Alice Wilda, Cloverdale, Cal.
Powell, Gerda (Mrs. James W. Rigsbv), 1906, 343 27th Ave., Seattle,
Pruitt, Joanna, 802 Fifth St., San Bernardino, Cal.
Ratcliff,, Ethel Bridget, 1906, 1643 Euclid, Ave., Berkeley, Cal.
Ratcliff, Evelyn Marianne (Mrs. Bode), B. S. 1901, 1643 Euclid Ave.,
Rattan, Georgia H. K., B. S. 1904, 1967 Pine St., San Francisco, Cal.
Reid, Louise Sophronia, 1906, Santa Rosa, Cal.
Scott, Linda Maud, 1910 Harvard B'd, Los Angeles, Cal.
Southworth, Lena M., 1509 Magnolia Ave., Los Angeles, Cal.
Thomms, Charlotte Ruth (Mrs. Ed Foulkes), 1290 E. 14th St., Oakland,
Ticknor, Gertrude, B. S. 1903, Yreka, Cal.
Tulloch, Annabelle (Mrs. H. M. Evans L B. L 1904„ 1516 N. Broadway,
Vickerey, Ruth, Summit Ave., Oakland, Cal.
Wade, Henrietta Alice, B. L. 1903, Merced, Cal.
Woods, Grace Eaton, A. B. 1902, Hamilton, N. Y.
Appcll, Edith (Mrs. Thomas McKennel), A. B. 1904, 30 N. 10th Ave., Mt
Vernon, N. Y.
Ball, Marion Elizabeth Pruyn, A. B. 1903, 500 W. 121st St., New York.
Casebeer, Edna, 46 S. 13th Ave., Mt. Vernon, N. Y.
Clarey, Ethel May, 50 Morningside Ave., New York, N. Y.
Daniels, Mary E., 159 W. 83rd St., New York, N. Y.
Farmer, Mildred Blanche, 1905, 21 Davis Ave., New Rochelle, N. Y.
Ferns, Edith, 346 Union Ave., Mt. Vernon, N. Y.
Fisher, Annie Fuller, 1905, 430 W. 118th St., New York, N. Y.
Gardiner, Cara Leslie. 10 W. 103rd St., New York, N. Y.
Granger, Edith A dell, A. B. 1904, 106 South 1st Ave., Mt. Vernon, N. Y
Johnston, Rose, B. S., A. B. 1904, Middletown, Ohio.
Keeney, Sarah, 1907, 48 W. 94th St., New York, N. Y.
Mastin, Florence Josephine, 415 W. 118th St., New York, N. Y.
McPherson, Helen, 211 W. 85th St., New York, N. Y.
Miller, Lena Adele, A. B. 1905, 78 Broadway, White Plains, N. Y.
Post Catharine Mary, 1906, 3d St. and Woodside Ave., Woodside, L. I .
New York, N. Y.
Post, Elizabeth Smith, 1906, 3d St. and Woodside Ave., Woodside, L. I..
New York, N. Y.
Raoo, Katherine Louise, 101 Quincy St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Ray, Ida Charlotte, 555 W. 182d St., New York, N. Y.
Robinson, Amelia Maude, A. B. 1903, 128 A St., N. E., Washington, D. C
Schuessler, Helena, Ex. 1904, Closter, N. J.
DELTA DELTA DELTA — SIGMA CHAPTER. 241
Schuessler, Matilda, Charter applicant. Deceased.
Seguine, Laura Randolph, A. B. 1903, Rosebank, Staten Island, New York,
Shelly, Sarah E., A. B. 1904, Mechanicsburg. Pa.
Smith, Elsie, 122 Washington St., Mt. Vernon, N. Y.
Talbot, Abigail Adams (Mrs. Reuben Hallet), 1905, Bowne Park Flush-
ing, New York, N. Y.
Tredwell, Elizabeth Alden Seabury, 1907, 71 W. 107th St., New York, N.
True, Dorothy, 1907, 328 W. 83d St., New York, N. Y.
Waring, Anna Tallman, A. B. 1903, 430 W. 118th St., New York. N. Y.
Werts, Harriet Estelle, A. B. 1904, 40 Danforth Ave., Jersey City N. J.
Adams, Mary A. (Mrs. G. H. Triton), B. S.*. 1897, Richfield, N. J.
Bacon, Grace Ella, Mt. Holyoke, 1903, Middletown, Conn.
Bagg, Mary Elizabeth, A. B., 1903, 149 W. Cliff St., Somerville, N. J.
Barnes, Mabelle W., B. S., 1901, East Berlin, Ct.
Baylis, Frances J.. Ex. 1902, Amityville, L. I.
Birch, Eldora J, B. S., 1902, Box 115, East Hartford, Ct.
Bohlmann, Laura A., Ex. 1899/ Fultonville, N. Y.
Bock, Alice Mabel, 1907, 304 Curtis St., Meriden, Conn.
Brown, Carrie Tap pan (Mrs. C. C. Purinton), Ph. B., 1897, West Hart-
Bunncl, Mary Grace (Mrs. S. A. Norton), Ph. B., 1897, 102 W. Housa-
tonic St., Pittsfieldi Mass.
Caulfield, Elizabeth, Deceased.
Church, May, Ex. 1899, Main St., South Farms, Middletown, Conn.
Church, Isabelle Jamieson, Ph. B., 1896, 28 Berkeley Ave., Middletown,
Clark, Elizabeth Dunhams 232 Curtiss St., Meriden, Conn.
Dean, Ruth, 1905, Unionville, Ct.
Donahoe, Margaret, 1906, 350 Washington St., Middletown, Ct.
English, Alice Winifred, Ph. B., 1902, 251 Parker St... Newark, N. J.
Frost, Charlotte B., A. B., 1899, 13 Kinball St., Sanford, Me.
Griswold, Katherine L. (Mrs. A. H. Wallace) Ph. B., 1902, 219 Bellevue
Ave., Upper Montclair, N. J.
Griswold, Margaret (Mrs. S. E. De Laney), Ph. B., 1902, 105 N. Elmer
Ave., Sayre, Pa.
Hallock, Sarah C, Ph. B., 1902, Watertowrn Conn.
Hatfield, Olivia H. (Mrs. Swett), Ex. 1897, Deceased.
Jones, Augusta T., Ph. B., 1902, 193 Fieldpoint Road, Greenwich, Conn.
Keene, Faye Mildred, 1906, Waldeboro, Me.
Keene, Jessie Louise; 1906, Waldeboro, Me.
Kellogg, Anna (Mrs. A. L Smith), B. S., 1896, 105 S. 9th St, Philadel-
Knowles, Anna Belle, 43 Park PI., Middletown, Conn.
Manning, Charlotte R. k Special, 144 W. 13th St., New York, N. Y.
McKay, Mary A. (Mrs. Roscoe Laubach), A. B, 1896, 5318 St. Charles
Ave, New Orleans, La.
Meeks, Augusta C. (Mrs. Albert TwiggerV Ph. B, 1897,. 100 S. High-
land Ave, Ossining, N. Y.
Mitchell, Jean, 14 Charter Oak PI, Hartford, Conn.
Newell, Eleanor, Ph. B, 1898, 61 S. Main St, Middletown, Conn.
Newell, Maude Stuart, 1905, 61 S. Main St, Middletown, Conn.
Peck, Elizabeth P, A. B, 1902, 625 Asylum Ave, Hartford, Conn.
Revnolds, Ethel G, 1904, Mt. Ida School, Newton, Mass.
Rogers, Elizabeth H. (Mrs. W. C Blasdale), Ph. B, 1896, 2614 Chan-
ning Way, Berkeley, Cal.
242 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Rose, Ernestine, A. B., 1902, 144 W. 13th St., New York* N. Y.
Say, Edith Weekes, 1906, 256 Williams St., Midletown, Conn.
Seabury, Charlotte M. (Mrs. J. J. Hathaway), B. S., 1901, Deceased.
Searle, Lucy Osborne, Ph. B., 1896, Kimball Union Ac, Meriden, N. H.
Simonton, Catherine M., A. B., 1900, 178 Pearl St., Middletown, Conn.
Smith, Percie J., Ph. B., 1900, Rockfall, Conn.
Stevens, Elisabeth C, Ph. B., 1897, New Rochelle, N. Y.
Stocking, Elisabeth C, B. S.. 1895, West Fulton, N. Y.
Sweet, Elizabeth Norton, Moodus, Conn.
Sykes, Clara Frances, 1905, Unionville, Conn.
Tucker, Sara B. (Mrs. F. F. Kurt) ( , Ph. B., 1895, 4 Albermarle St., Bos-
Walbridge, Isabel M., Ph. B., 1898, 3 Elm St., Norwalk, Conn.
Weeks, Frances L., B. S., 1895, Care of Mrs. W. E. Parker, Seymour,
White, Grace R. (Mrs. E. M. Osborne), Ex. 1898 v Easthampton, L. I.
Wright, Elizabeth C, A. B., 1897, 115 Allen Place, Hartford, Conn.
Bodler, Sophial, Ex. 1905, 921 W. 3rd St., Corsicana, Texas.
Burgess, Mary, R. F. D. 21, Danbury, Conn.
Cliber, Helen, Hollidaysburg, Pa.
Ebling, Emily. A. B. 1903, Newberry, Pa.
Evans, Mary, Freeland, Pa.
Galbraith, Anne, Williamsport, Pa.
Galbraith, Mary Earley, 1907, Williamsport, Pa.
Goddard, Nellie M. (Mrs. Anthony Stemhelper), A. B. 1905. Williamsport,
Hankins, Josephine,, Uniontown, Pa.
Heinen, Katherine, Milton, Pa.
Jones, Ruth C, Ph. B. 1906, 1122 Center St., Mahanoy City, Pa.
Luchsinger, Ida, A. B. 1905, 301 Exeter St., West Pittston, Pa.
Mac Laggan, Jennie, 236 N. Harwood St.. Dallas, Texas.
Mac Laggan, Catherine F., A. B. 1906, 286 N. Harwood St., Dallas, Texas.
McCaskie, Carrie M., A. B. 1905, 15 Hollywood Ave., E. Orange, N. J.
McCaskie, Florence A.. Ph. B., 15 Hollywood Ave., E. Orange N. J.
McFarland, Jessie, B. S. 1905, Watsontown, Pa.
Meek, Grace L., Ph. B. 1905, Main St. : Reynoldsville, Pa.
Mervine, Hannah, Milton £ Pa.
Pangborn, Margaret, Elizabeth, Pa.
Richards, Olive Crozer, 1131 Sloan Ave., Scranton, Pa.
Shorkley, Ruth A., A. B. 1904, 29 S. Third St... Lewisburg, Pa.
Stage, Anna, Clearfield, Pa.
Stephens, Alif, A. B. 1904, 307 S. Sixth St., Lewisburg, Pa.
Thomas, Nellie J. C. M., A. B. 1905, 101 Cor. 4th and Laurel. Phillipsburg,
Weddle, Mary S., West Newton, Pa.
Webb, Nala, Rutherford, Pa.
Allard, Leola I., Ex. 1904, Pueblo, Colo.
Alexander, Harriet (pledged).
Andrae, Hazel (Mrs. Frank C. Cruickshank), Ex. 1903, 273 Hazel Ave.,
Baker, Bessie B., B. S., 1900, Carthage, Mo.
Barker, Eva (Mrs. V. K. Froula), A. B. v 1898, 1611 Locust Blvd.
Barnes, Myrtie Adella, 2253 Sherman Ave., Evanston, 111.
Beebe, Lucia, 1307 Dakin St.. Chicago, 111.
DELTA DELTA DELTA — UPSILON CHAPTER. 243
Bowen, Lucy Isabel (Mrs. Leo Lowe), B. S., 1898, Kewanee, 111.
Bragg, Helen May, 1838 Chicago Ave., Evanston, 111.
Burgess, Lucy, Wenona, 111.
Cassady, Edith, Ex. 1905, Whiting) Iowa.
Chandler, Elsie M. (Mrs. Elsie C. Bartlett), Oratory 1896, Y. W. C. A.
Rooms. Long Beach, Cal.
Clatworthy, Linda M. (U. of 111.), 1900, Public Library, Dayton, Ohio.
Cleaver, Nina J., Ex. 1901.
C lough. Grace, A. B., 1896, Cripple Creek, Colo.
Delay, Edith (Mrs. Frank Young), A. B., 1903, Parsons, Kan.
Dildine, Florence, 1327 Benson Ave, Evanston, 111.
Dickinson, Rogerta (Mrs. S. P. Hart), Ph. B., 1903, Hartford Ave., St.
Doren, Marion (Mrs. George H. Tomlinson), Ex. 1898, 103 West St.,
Dyar, Annie L, B. L, 1901, 376 W. 5th St., Winona, Minn.
Ellis, Cora E., Ph. B., 1897, 2309 Sherman Ave., Evanston, 111.
Ferguson, Grace (Mrs. W. A. Cooper), Ex. 1901, 30 N. Catherine Ave.,
La Grange, 111.
Ferris, Mary C, Ph. B., 1901, Princeton, 111.
Fisher, Sallie (Mrs. Sidney Sweet), Ex. 1904, 570 High St., Denver, Colo.
Foote, Florence (Mrs. E. W. Engstrom), Ex. 1897, 1322 E. State St.,
Hadley, May, Ph. B., 1897, Oratory 1899, Pioneer, Iowa.
Hall Eleanor Jean, 1907, 1122 Maple Ave., Evanston, 111.
Handy, Helen Marshall, Ph. B„. 1901, 620 Clark St., Evanston, 111.
Handy, Rena Marshall, A. B., 1907, 620 Clark St., Evanston, 111.
Handy, Ruth, (pledged), 620 Clark St., Evanston, 111.
Harris, Grace Margaret, A. B., 1906, A. M., 1907^ 103 N. Sherwood St.,
Fort Collins, Colo.
Harris, Mame, 103 N. Sherwood St., Fort Collins, Colo.
Haves, Ethel, Ex. 1904, Excelsior St., Butte, Mont.
Hickox, Graces. Oratory 1903, 521 First Ave., Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
Hornbrook, Lucy, Ex. 1905, 7 Blackford Ave., Evansville, Ind.
Jamison, Grace, Oratory 1906, 134 First Ave., Olewein, Iowa.
Johnson, Herby, Oratory 1906, Ottawa, 111.
Johnston, Eleanor, B. S.* 1897, Dundee, 111.
Kelley, Helen, Ex. 1904, 3108 Oakland Ave., Minneapolis, Minn.
Knapp, Elizabeth, 712 Michigan Ave., Evanston, 111.
Lane, Ruth L., A. B., 1903, (Transfer from Theta), Winona, Minn.
Lawrencei Helen, Ex. 1903, Ottawa, 111.
Lawson, Blanche B., Ex. 1906, 775 Chase Ave., Chicago, 111.
Leach, Irmagarde, A. B., 1907, 523 Greenleaf Ave., Chicago, 111.
Lowe, Isabel, A. B., 1902, 1040 Benson Ave., Evanston. 111.
Macintosh* Ethel M., Ex. 1900, 811 College Place, Plainfield, N. J.
Maine, Hope (Mrs. John Oliver CrowlevV Ex. 1903, 2250 Euclid Ave.,
Massey, Zeta Lucinda, Ex. 1906, 1626 Barry Ave., Chicago, 111.
Mercer, Grace (Mrs. W. H. Abbott V (Trans, from Xi), Livingston,
Metcalf, Anne (Mrs. Percy E. Thomas), B. S., 1900 165 W. Broadway,
Metcalf. Bertha (Mrs. John Strickler). Ex. 1904, Deceased, Evanston,
Metcalf, Kate L., 1023 Maple Ave. Evanstom 111.
Metcalf, Tressa (Mrs. Charles C. Bonar), Ph. B., 1898, 911 Greenleaf St.,
Miller, Mabel, Ex. 1907, Ivesdale, 111.
Minium, Ruth, 1907, Cropsey, 111.
244 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Olgen, Amy H. (Mrs. Egbert Nelson Parmelee), A. B, 1904, 755 Green-
leaf Ave., Chicago, 111.
Osgood, Mar}% Parsons, Kan.
Paddock, Jessie (Mrs. Oliver Petty), Ph. B., 1899, Prophetstown, 111.
Palmer, Margaret E., Ex. 1904. Princeton, 111.
Postlewaiti. Mabel, Ex. 1900, 332 Wesley Ave., Oak Park, 111.
Powers, Myra, A. B., 1906, 1218 Lunt Ave., Chicago, 111.
Raber, Cecil (Mrs. Walter Rockwell), Ex. 1904. Junction City, Kan.
Reid, Hazel S. (Mrs. Sam'l Sackett), Ex. 1904, 1709 E. 16th Ave., Den-
Richards, Mabel L., Ex. 1891, Menominee, Mich.
Sain, Jane (Mrs. Parks Helmick), Trans, from Lambda, Chanute, Kan.
Samter, Bess (Mrs. Arthur Steele), Ex. 1903, Belvidere, 111.
Sanders, M. Isabella, Ottawa, 111.
Schoch, Lulu, Ex. 1904, 716 W. Main St* Ottawa, 111.
Silliman, Alice (Mrs. Balfour Jeffrey), Trans, from Delta, 821 Law St.,
Smith, Edith (Mrs. William Fuller), Oratory, 1903.
Snell, Lila (Mrs. Wm. P. Read), A. B., 1906, 174 Howe St., Chicago, 111.
Stamm, Laura, West Union, Iowa.
Thompson, Charlotte (Mrs. Harold Burke), B. S., 1904, Washington
St., Wilmette, 111.
Thomas, Daisy (Mrs. Malcolm H. Baird), B. L., 1903, 87 Galena St., Au-
Turner, Frances (Mrs. George Roehm), Ex. 1905, 528 Winthrop Ave..
Vivian) Hilda, A. B., 1907, Bradford, 111.
Ward, Elizabeth, Cons., 1907, Trans, from Nu, 1359 Sunnyside Ave.,
Watrous, Adeline (Mrs. John Foote), Ex. 1899, 1235 Lawrence Ave..
Watson, Franc, B. L., 1896, Minooka, 111
Watsom Lorene, B. L., 1895, Minooka, 111.
Watson, Lottie G., Oratory, 1897, B. L., 1895, Minooka, 111.
Welch, Denise (pledged), 548 Morse Ave., Chicago, 111.
Welch, Helen, Ex. 1906, Clarinda, Iowa.
Welch, Jeannette, Ex. 1905). 548 Morse Ave., Chicago, 111.
Wheeler, Sara Louise, A. B., 1897, Ripon, Wis.
White, Martha (Mrs. W. F. Wheeler), deceased.
Wilcox, Edna, 1904, Minonk, 111.
Wilcox, Lottie, 1909, Minonk, 111.
Wright, Beulah, Oratory 1901, (Trans, from A), 2211 W. 121 St., Los
Abercrombie, Mary Taylor, A. B., 1903, 827 Hamilton Terrace, Balti-
Adams, Ruth Westlake, Dryden, N. Y.
Alexander, Josephine (Mrs. R. Kerr), A. B., 1904, 1422 Mass. Ave.,
Bachman. Ottillir Anna, Ex. 1907, Allegbeny, Pa.
Barbee, Helen. A. B., 1905, Ripley, Tenn.
Beard, Edith Luella (Mrs. Carron), A. B., 1901, York, Pa.
Bishon. Ida Elsie, Dover, Delaware.
Brag, Frances Hite, 1906 2744 Lafayette St< St. Joseph, Mo.
Dunlop, Maude, Ex. 1902, 1477 Meriden St., Washington, D. C.
Edmonds, Lois Eunice, 2 Convent Place, Fort Smith, Ark.
Ellsworth, Claudia Faison, A. B., 1905, 1248 Princeton St., Washington,
DELTA DELTA DELTA PHI CHAPTER. 245
Feldmeyeri, Ethel Wells, 1907, 232 Prince George St., Annapolis, Md.
Fitts, Adra Ellissa Dusenbery, 1907, 174 Lincoln Ave., Newark, N. J.
Funkhauser, Mary Washington, Ex. 1905, Lebanon Valley College, Ann-
Green, Helen Marie, 1906, Belvidere, N. J.
Guy, Grace Imogene, 308 5th St., S. -E, Washington, D. C.
Hall, Elizabeth (Mrs. Hull), Williamstown, Mass.
Harrison, Anna, A. B., 1899, 525 E. 22nd St., Baltimore, Md.
Hill, Eunice (Mrs. C. E. Waller), A. B., 1904, 130 N. Church St., Spart-
anburg). N. C.
Hoffman. Anna, A. B., 1899, 2131 Maryland, Baltimore, Md.
Hoge, Mildred A., 1908, 1006 Laurale Ave., Baltimore, Md.
Johnson, Sara LeMaistre (Mrs. A. Earle Wallace), A. B., 1904, Iola,
King, Anna W ., Ex. 1899, 41 W. 4th St., Newburv, Pa.
Kirk, Lida V. (Mrs. Thos. Bond), A. B., 1899, 302 N. Onondaga St., Sy-
racuse, N. Y.
Kolbe, Evelyn D., 613 Maple Ave., New Rochelle, N. Y.
Lentz, Mary E. (Mrs. Duncan R. Johnson), A. B., 1904, 1604 Bolton St.,
Mallalieu, Alice M., A. B., 1899, 1231 Druid Hill Ave.. Baltimore, Md.
McLaren, Ruth M. (Mrs. Paul Pardew), 1905, Millersville, Md.
McGregor, Nannie Grace, 1906, 212 Maryland Ave.!, N. E., Washipgton,
Mercen Grace D. (Mrs. Wm. Henry Abbott), Ex. 1905, Livingston,
Mont., (trans, to T).
Mertz, Rosa Pauline, Ex. 1903, 1850 8th St., Washington, D. C.
Murray, Florence J., 145 R. St. N. E., Washington, D. C.
Neal, Louise Harriet, Union City, Pa.
Rice, Edith (Mrs. Wm. Hawley), A. B., 1908, 74 Washington St, Cum-
Rifq Lillian Mildred, A. B., 1902, Forest Park, Baltimore, Md.
Roehle, M. Estvlle (Mrs. Joseph- Byrne), A. B., 1900, 2732 St. Paul St.,
Round, Norma, A. B., 1901, Manassas, Va.
Sleman, Emilv F., A. B., 1905, 3114 16th N. W., Washington, D. C.
Small Helen M., A. B.. 1906, 1466 Harvard St., Washington, D. C.
Smith, Marian E, Islip, N. Y.
Stahn, Louise C, A. B. 1901, 506 Ensor St., Baltimore, Md.
Stein, Miriam. Ex. 1907, York, Pa.
Tumblcson. Elizabeth (Mrs. J. A. Luetscher), A. B.. 1900, 1025 Madison
Ave., Baltimore! Md.
Waddington, Ada R. (Mrs. Lentz), Ex. 1901, 1829 Madison Ave, Balti-
Westmoreland, Caroline, Ex. 1906, 290 Washington St., Atlanta. Ga.
Williams. Genevieve Janet, 261 Linden Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Wilson, Selina P., A. B., 1904, Sligo, Maryland.
Ainsworth. Agnes, Ex. 1909, 909 Moran Ave., Norfolk, Va.
Bentley, Glen, Ex. 1909, Olewein, Iowa.
Bolton, Edwinna Rose, Ex. 1905, Nashua, la.
Bowen, Mary, 522 N. Linn Stj Iowa City, la.
Chase, Olive, Waterloo, Iowa.
Clark, Alice, 150 Clay St.. Burlington, la.
Dailey, Avice Evelyn, 1127 W. 4th St., Waterloo. la.
Dunham, Elsie M (Mrs. Perry Inerersoll), Ex. 1905, Dunlap, la.
Erazier, Sebena Schoonover, 26 Jefferson St., Nevada, la.
Erazicr, Zoe Ray, 1906, Nevada, la.
246 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Grissel, Jeanetta, 112 Johnson St., Iowa City, la.
Hall, Avis, Hawarden, la.
Harper, Edna, 252 S. Central Ave., Burlington, la.
Heery, Lydia, Fairchild St, Clarksville, la.
Hess, Hope, New Bedford, la.
Hobson, Ida, West Union, la.
Kastman, Valborg, B. A., 1904, Iowa City, la.
Landon, Pearl M., New Hampton, la.
Marsh, Ruthi 1023 W. 25th St., Des Moines, la.
McKnight, Ethel, 406 Dubuque St., Iowa Citv. la.
Merritt, Edith Whitney, Ph. B., 1903, Market "St., Iowa City, la.
Merritt, Mabel C lough, Ph. B., 1906, Market St., Iowa City, la.
Nichols, Ethel Gay, Ph. B., 1905, Washington, la.
Odell, Florence, Churdan, la.
Paine, Sarnh Olivia (Mrs. C. L. Hoffman), Ex. 1905, Edgerton, Wis.
Paulson, Caroline H., Ph. B., 1906, Winfield, la.
Price. Mildred, A. B., 1906, 431 Summit St., Iowa City, la.
Royal, Jessie C, 1803 Oakland Ave,. Des Moines, la.
Royal, Myrtle Emeline (Mrs. Burnham Moffet), Ph. B., 1906, 1803 Oak
land Ave., Des Moines, la.
Sandol, Fan, Marshalltown, la.
Shedd, Verna May, Ph. B., 1906, East Side. Iowa Cityi la.
Smith, Maude Louise. Ph. B., 1904, West Liberty, la.
Stecker, Bertha E. (Mrs.), 801 Starre Ave., Burlington, la.
Stoner, Nellie Dae> Ex. 1905, Summit St., Iowa City, la.
Waller, Florence. Charles City, la.
Williams, Helen, Ex. 1905, Ida Grove, la.
Wilson, Alice, Waterloo, Iowa.
Wright, May L., 2321 Walnut St., Cedar Falls, Iowa.
Benson, Jennie, Watervalley, Ark.
Berry, Annie (Mrs. W. O. Bradley), Hermando, Miss.
Burt, Clara Helen (Mrs. T. H. Johnston), 1898, Corinth, Miss.
Bur\t, Suzanne, 1902, Oxford, Miss.
Chambliss, Bettie Sue, Ex. 1907, Union, Miss.
Fulton, Annie Roberta, Ex. 1907, Miller's School, Va.
Ford, Jeannette, 1907, Columbia, Miss.
Haley, Mary Alice. 1905, Koscinsko, Miss.
Johnson, Leslie Christine, University, Miss.
Johnson, Loulie May, 1907, University. Miss.
Kimmons, Emma Kate, 1905, Tupelo, Miss.
Kimmons, Lynetta, Fort Smith, Ark.
Kimmons, Nellie.. Oxford, Miss.
Magee, Maud, Columbia, Miss.
Maxzuell, Douglass, 1907, Canton, Miss.
Morrow, Maud (Mrs. Calvin S. Brown), 1897, Oxford, Miss.
Phillips, Anne Winifred, 1899, care Agnes Scott Int., Decatur Ga.
Plant, Daisye Belle, 1904, Oxford, Miss.
Plant. Myrtle (Mrs. Thos. Frazier).
Price, Sara Ola (Mrs. Walter Leathers), B. P. 1900, Oxford, Miss.
Rea, Mary Lou, 1905, Wesson, Miss.
Richmond, Bessie, 1907, Hermanville, Miss.
Robertson, Lewie, Corinth, Miss.
Rogers, Viola Blanche, 1905, New Albany, Miss.
Shepherd, Katie Eva. B. P. 1902. Lexington, Miss.
Sherman, Margaret, Memphis. Tenn.
Welch, Virginia, Tuscoaba, Miss.
Wilkins, Norma, B. P. 1899, Meridian, Miss.
DELTA DELTA DELTA — ALPHA XI CHAPTER. 247
Boyer, Marguerite Irene, 1905, 2341 N. 13th St, Philadelphia, Pa.
Blake, Hannah May, 1905, 431 E. Walnut Lane, Philadelphia, Pa.
Conner, Elizabeth Gibson, 1905, 729 S. 22nd St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Cullen, Anita Maria, 1904, 3611 Fairmount Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.
Eckels, Minnie Gertrude, 1901, Shippensburg, Pa.
Evans, Elisabeth, 1905, 1754 N. 25th St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Hinkle, Alma May Elizabeth, Ex. 1905, 1941 Croskey St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Hulton, Florence, 2853 Boudinot St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Karsner, Eleanor Fulton, 1905, 1320 S. Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa.
McCurdy, Mary Macafee, 1905, 200 E. Allegheny Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.
Neall, Emma Valeria, 2206 Hunting Park Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.
Sharpless, Anna E., Darlington, Sem., Westchester, Pa.
Thompson, Faith, 2023 Mervine St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Underbill, Carolyn Agnes, 3210 Baring St., Philadelphia, Pa.
White, Ruth Elma, Ex. 1905, 137 Monmouth St., Trenton, N. J.
Armstrong, Mary E., 5025 Morgan St., St. Louis, Mo.
Allen, Mary Bates, Ex. '09, 315 Fifth Ave., St. Petersburg, Fla.
Ball, Ella Virginia, Waynesboro, Va.
Ball, Mary Washington, 1905, Blackstone Female Insti., Blackstone, Va.
Bernard, Lucile Picton, 5023 Fairmount Ave., St. Louis. Mo.
Bingham, Louise, Carrollton, Miss.
Bloomfield, Ethel Baldwin, Moss Point, Miss.
Chappell, Ethel B., 1905, 1514 McGavock St., Nashville, Tenn.
Cleaveland, Elsie, 67 Shenango St., Greenfield, Pa.
Cooke, Virginia Klein, Ex. '09, 212 Boisserain Ave., Norfolk, Va.
Dodson, Laura, Ex. '09, 209 Beete St., Norfolk, Va.
Glancy, Laura Robenson, 1907, 326 E. St., N. E., Washington, D. C.
Happel, Mary Eloise, Trenton, Tenn.
Harrison, Mary Courtenay, care Col. Z. D. Harrison, Atlanta, Ga.
Humphreys, Jeanette Rose, 1905, Charlottesville. Va.
Kern, Katrina, 1906, 1915 W. Broad Nashville, Tenn.
Martin, Fay, 228 Fairfax, Norfolk, Va.
Martin, Mabel, 1907, 228 Fairfax, Norfolk, Va.
Merrick, Elizabeth George, Ex. '08, Suddersville, Md.
Mullins, Nellie, Ex. 1909, Martinsville, Va.
Phillips, Ethel Moorman, Winchester, Tenn.
Picton, Lida Means, Ex. '09, 706 16th Ave. S., Nashville, Tenn.
Rhea, Margaret, Mur.freesboro, Tenn.
Shackford, Isabel Temple, 1905, 518 Clay St., Lynchburg, Va.
Smith, Mary M., Oceana, Va.
Snead, Janet Winston, 1902, 717 Clay St., Lynchburg, Va.
Strode, Mildred, Ex. '08, Amherst, Va.
Swetnam, Carrie, 1828 Grove Ave., Richmond, Va.
Weller, Ida Louise (Mrs. Horace Williams), St. Petersburg, Fla.
Willey, Lena Tillou 1907, 703 Perry St., Helena, Ark.
Wilson, Hayland L. 92 N. High St., Winchester, Tenm.
HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Chapter Roll of Delta Delta Delta
Jo S es>i
Alpha. . .
Delta . . .
Delta . . .
Beta . . .
Kappa . .
Sigma . .
Iowa State College
St. Lawrence University..
University of Cincinnati..
University of Vermont... .
University of Minnesota..
University of Michigan.. .
University of Nebraska. . .
Ohio State University. . . .
University of Wisconsin. .
Wom'n's Coll'ge, B'ltim're
University of California. .
University of Iowa. ....
University of Mississippi.
University of Pe'nsylva'ia
R'nd'lph-Mac'n Worn'ns C
1889. May 10.
1890. Feb. 22.
1891. Dec. 24.
1892. May 23
1893. Feb. 27.
1894. Feb. 21.
1894. Nov. 1..
1895. Mar. 12.
1895. Mar. 15.
1896. Mar. 31.
1900. Apr. 14.
1903. June 6.
1904. May 20.
1904. Sept. 27
1904. Sept. 22
1904. Sept. 30
1905. Nov. 29
( ?) Discontinued
in 1891 or 1892
(Report closed June, 1906.)
ALUMNAE ALLIANCE ROLL OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Alumnae Alliance Roll of Delta Delta Delta
Omicrcn . . .
Upsilon.. . .
Spokane. . . .
Syracuse, N. Y
Canton, N. Y
New York City
Los Angeles, Cal...
Des Moines, la. .
Jan. 8. .
June. . .
June. . .
May . .
Oct ... .
Jan. 2 .
E, T, M
A, E, T, Z, A, T.
Z, I, r
0, Z, A
A, P, r,I.B,M, H, E
A, E, T, K, A...
A, n, E, A, A, B
n. A. H, Z
N. B. — Changes of residence make the active membership of Al-
liances fluctuate so that no report remains correct. These figures are
only a part of Circle Degree membership.
HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Delta Delta Delta Examinations
Per Cent. Above 90 Per Cent.
Delta .. .
Z^ta.. . .
Phi . .
CHAPTER CONVENTION REPRESENTATION.
Chapter Convention Representation
. 1904 . . .
. 1904 . . .
The numerals indicate number present at each Convention, both
active and alumnae.
HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Sorority Parallels — Statistics
Alpha Chi Omega
Alpha Omicron P
Alpha Xi Delta...
Delta Delta Delta
Delta Gamma ....
Gamma Phi Beta.
Kappa Alpha Theta. .
Kappa Kappa Gamma
Pi Beta Phi
(I. C. Sorosis)
Boston Univ. . . .
Lyouis School . . .
N. B. — Baird's Manual, 1905, has been used for much of this data,
later facts only being incorporated in number of active chapters and
§ ^3 3^
•a. > ^ °* St & g
fO <T> 0,5 CO W CO 3>
O 5 Q 3 2 n
I>2 g dug. q,
. . 3
3.3 3 3
2 f> ° 1
3 ■*■ co
§ I* $ - rt ^2
r+ to H ^~s<; ^<
w w w
P>p> >■>■>•>■; pt-ff^.
®cDOO®0 ® © CD
• & & <& >&
4 n '• 4
w w w w
• : t>
: : w
: : >
Sorority Parallels on Sixteenth Birthday
Name of Sorority
*. o <-
3 c 5
3 * jt
Delta Delta Delta
Pi Beta Phi
Kappa Kappa Gamma
Explanation : This comparison of relative growth in the first six-
teen years after founding must of course take into account something
of the differences in the possibility of the periods during which the
growth took place, and if one of the last sixteen years in the history of
each were made there would still be differences of opportunity to equalize.
Sorority Parallels — Publications
Alpha Chi Omega
Alpha O micron Pi....
The Alpha Xi Delta.
and The Mystagogue
and The Triton.
Kappa Alpha Theta.
Alpha Xi Delta
Delta Delta Delta
Kappa Alpha Theta. .
Kappa Kappa Gamma
Pi Beta Phi (I. C.)...
*A complete history. The ones brought out by other sororities so
far as known have been mere outlines, usually in pamphlet form.
Sorority Parallels — Date of Chapter Establishment
1 I . «
T4>B KA9 KKr IIB*
Buchtel C .
Bucknell U. . .
Cornell U. .
Franklin C. .
Geo. Wash'g'n U
C London, Ont
Illinois, U. of. .
Ill Wesleyan U
Michigan, U. of
Minnesota, U. of
Mississippi, U. of
Sorority Parallels — Date of Chapter Establishment
( CONTINUED )
Missouri, U. of.
Moore's Hill C. .
Mt. Union C
Nebraska, U. of.
New York U
Ohio State U...
St. Lawrence U.
Stanford U.. .
South Dakota U.
S. W. Baptist U.
So. Iowa Normal
Texas, U. of
Toronto, U. of..
U. of Pacific. . . .
U. of So. Calif. .
Vanderbilt U. . .
Vermont, U. of.
Washington U. .
Water Val. Inst.
Wesleyan U. . . .
West. Reserve U
West Virginia U
Wisconsin, U. of
Wittenburg C . .
Woman's C. of
Wooster, U. of. .
x indicates a chapter once established there but now inactive.
Two dates indicate first establishment and revival of chapter after
period of inaction.
N. B. — In this and all other charts, account is made onlv of those
sororities admitted to the Inter-Sorority Conference.
Prior to 18S4, II B *, known then as I. C, established chapters at
Burlington, Fairfield, Ottumwa, Mt. Pleasant and Iowa City, Iowa. All
are now inactive.
(Colleges Where Sororities Have Entered)
Brooklyn, N. Y. 185<*
Adrian, Mich. . .
M. P .
Albion, Mich. . .
1 480 000
Meadville. Pa.. .
Boston, Mass. . .
California. U. of.
Callanan C. .
Des Moines la..
Cincinnati, U. of.
Cincinnati, O. . .
Bapt ... .
Colorado, U. of...
New York City .
Ithaca, N. Y. . . .
Non Sect .
Denver, U. of . . . .
Denver, Col.. . .
Fulton Female C.
Hanover, Ind. . .
Geo. Washi'g-t'n U
Woman's C. . . .
London, Ont. . . .
Illinois, U. of . . . .
Urbana, 111. ..
Non Sect .
111. Weslevan U..
Iowa- State C
Iowa City, la. . . 1874 State
Mt. Pleasant, la. i
Kansas, U. of... .
Kentucky, U. of..
Lexington, K\ . 1858 Christian.
1837 Non-Sect .
1851 Non -Sect .
Michigan, U. of..
(Colleges Where Sororities Have Entered)
Minnesota, U. of.
Mississippi, U. of
Missouri, U. of. . .
Columbia, o. .
Monm utn. 111. .
Moore's Hill C...
Mt. Union C. .
Nebraska, U. of..
Lincoln, Neb. . .
Boston, Mass, . .
New York U
New York City.
Northwestern U .
Ohio State U
Columbus, O... .
Ohio U. ..
Delaware, O. . . .
St. Lawrence U. .
Canton, N. Y . .
Indianola, la. . .
Palo Alto, Cal..
South Dakota U..
So. Iowa Normal.
Bloomfield. la. .
Jackson, Tenn. .
Southw'u Bapt. U
Quak« ; r . .
34 ',• 00
Syracuse, N. Y
1870 M. E
Austin. Texas. .
Texas, U. of
Toronto, U. of . ..
Toronto, Ont. . .
New Orleans. La
•5J'M Non-Sect .
Tufts C. .
Medford. Mass. .
1*52; Univ. ..
1853 M. E.. .
U. of Pacific
U. of So.C'lif'rnia
Los Angeles, Cal
1880 M. E
18731 M. E .
Vermont, U. of.. .
Seattle, Wash. .
Washington U. . .
St. Louis, Mo...
N n-Sect .
Water Val. Inst..
West Reserve U. .
E. Cleveland. O
West Virginia U.
Wisconsin U. . . .
Madison Wis... .
1 020 143
Spring-field. O. .
Woman's C. of
Baltimore, O... .
Wooster, U. of . . .
2o,997 17 454
Abbott, Fern 188
Abbott, Julia May 167
Abercrombie, Mary Taylor, 54, 68, 84,
166, 197 201
Ackerman, Wilhelmina 88, 132
Adams, Cara May 59, 143
Adams, Clara 79
Adams, Edna 2o8
Adams, Mary A 152, 153, 206
Adams, May A 185
Adams, Minnie A 126
Albray, Sarah 135, 205
Aldrich, Blanche 77, 123
Aldrich, Dr. and Mrs 78
Alexander, Josephine 61
Allard, Leola 64, 155, 156
Allen, Celia ...150, 151
Allen, Claudia 160, 206
Allen, Elsie 163
Allen, Emily Frances, 21, 24, 27, 28, 29
30, 36, 46, 53, 54, 62, 67, 74, 76, 79,
80, 81, 82, 83, 113, 115, 151, 182, 196,
Allen, Evelyn 81, 89, 159, 161, 186
Allen, Florence E., 60, 162, 163, 164,
Allen, Jessie 81
Allen, Lora 146
Allen, Mary Bates 180
Allen, Ora 63, 85, 150
Allis, Sarah 130, 136
Alt, Mrs. (See Jennie Randall).
Alton, Laura 123, 124
Ames, Nora Dale 60
Anderson, Julia 163, 164
Anderson, Lela 163
Andrews, Agnes 89, 136
Andrews, Alice 88
Andrews, Daisy 135
Andrews, Elizabeth 135
Andrews, Ellen 89
Andrews, Ethel 96, 184
Andrews, Hattie Katherine, 138, 139,
186, 187 206
Angle, Claribel 142, 207, 208
Appell, Edith M 170, 187
Armstrong, Edna 58, 59, 82, 157, 189
Arnold, Elizabeth, 84, 86, 122, 123, 124, 125
Arnold, Harriet. .85, 89, 96, 122, 123,
Arnold, Mrs. L. E. (See Marie Raymond).
Ash, Bessie 89
Atherton, Grace 207
Atwater, Grace Yale. ..60, 62, 80, 132, 205
Atwater, Frances 89, 132, 205
Atwood, Anjanette 67, 08, 69
Atwood, Clarissa 86, 123. 124
Auld, Alice 86, 87
Auld. Eola 83
Averill, Harriette 144, 157
Avres. Clara Grace, 25, 30, 57, 58, 67,
81, 100, 117, 182 205
Ayres, Mr. and Mrs. S. C 78
Ayers, Mrs. S. G. (See Minnie C. Tackson)
Ayers, Nellie 120, 207
Babbitt, Jessie 137
Babbitt, Katherine 135, 137, 206, 20T
Babcock, Ruth 61, 83, 142, 143, 206
Bacon, Mrs. Dorothy 146, 167
Bacon, Grace E 90
Badger, Delia Alice. 21, 27, 28, 29, 113, 201
Bagg, M. Elizabeth 62, 83, 153, 206
Bailey, Mae 208
Bainbridge, Mrs. Randolph (See Marion
Baird, Charlotte 140
Baird, Mrs. Malcolm, (See Lillian Daisy
Baird, William Raimond 98
Baker, Bessie 95, 135
Baker, Dorothy E 185, 207
Baker, Mamie Linda 79, 80, 131
Baker, Nellie Leona 131
Baker, Viva 90
Baldwin, Mrs. Emma H 151, 184
Ball, Marion E. P. 88, 91, 170, 187, 197,
Ball, Mary W 64, 180
Barbee, Helen 85, 166
Barden, Martha 77, 86, 92, 184
Barker, Alice 118
Barker, Alta 85
Barker, Eva 155, 156, 161, 207
Barnes, Hulda J 115, 116, 205
Barnes, Mabelle W 94
Barnum, Grace 115, 116, 205
Barnum, Mable F 115, 116, 205
Barrow, Sarah E 208
Barrv, Mary L 60
Bartlett, Bertha 92
Bartlett, Mrs. Chas (See Harriette Wilcox)
Bartlett, Sara, 59, 60, 61, 83, 84„ 89,
115, 170, 171, 197 201
Bassett, Nellie 77, 82, 86, 120
Batchelder, Carrie 207
Bateman, Katherine 208
Bayley, Frances 58, 188
Baxter, Mable, ...58, 86, 122, 123, 124, 125
Beach, Bertha 160, 206
Beaman, Alice 89
Beaman, Vera 89
Befell, Mrs. (See Irene Lewis).
Beddoe, Carrie E 58, 59, 67, 187
Beede. Georgia 86, 125
Be'lport, Mrs. B. P. (See Louise H.
Benedict, Ethel K 89
Benjamin, Charlotte 124
Benner, Edith 116
Bennett, Kate 85, 142, 143, 206
Bentlv, Adele 74, 95, 135, 136, 205
Kentlv, Elizabeth 118
Bentlv, Frances : 89
Bentlv. Tulia 135, 136, 137, 206
Bently, Louise 63, 89, 135, 136
Beran, Mable 208
Berrv, Annie 176, 177
Berrv. Hattie, 55, 58, 77, 78, 84, 118,
119, 120, 148 154
Berry, Mary 207
HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Berry, Mrs. W. H. (See Alice Barker).
Bertram, Mrs. E. (See Georgia Suber).
Beuhler, Hettie G 57
Bierman, Frances 189
Bigelow, Mrs. Clifford 103
Bignell, Ethel 84
Birch, Eldora Josephine 152, 206
Black, Alice 116
Black, Kathleen 135, 136
Black, Mattie 129
Blain, Kathleen L 129
Blake, Hannah May 88, 178, 179
Blake, Mrs. W. L 178
Blanchard, Ida 117, 207
Blanchard, Lucy .- 141
Bock, Alice 88
Bode, Mrs. (See Evelyn Marianna Rat-
Bodler, Sophia 173
Bohlman, Laura 96
Bonar, Mrs. Chas. (See Teressa Metcalf).
Bond, Aileen 180
Bond, Elizabeth 84, 89
Bond, Grace L 56, 57, 151
Bonnell, Daisy 75, 84, 96, 148, 190
Bonnell, Winifred 96, 190
Boone, Daisy 68, 81, 159, 186
Borden, Mrs. Albert (See Julia Ferris).
Boston, Edna 89
Boulson, Elizabeth 95
Bowen, Lucy Isabelle 155
Bowers, Jessie L 169
Bowles, Ethel Daisy 83
Bowne, Mrs. Prof 27, 114
Bowne, Prof 21
Boyden, Katherine 124
Boyer, Mrs. Ella M 178
Boyer, Marguerite Irene 178
Boyle, Blanche 82, 95, 144. 145
Box, Cora 84, 136
Bracket, Bertha 21, 27, 29, 113, 201
Bradley, Mrs. W. O. (See Annie Berry.).
Bragg, Helen 89
Braley, Pattie 89, 159
Bray, Alma du 135
Breed, Isabel 21, 24, 27, 28. 29, 113
117, 196 201
Brayfogle, Grace 148
Brierley, Mable 82, 130
Brourink, Mable 82, 174
Brodie, C. M 56
Brown, Mrs. B. W 159
Brown, Calvin S 177
Brown, Carrie Tappan. . .152, 153, 185, 206
Brown, Gertrude 119, 144
Brown, Harriet 144
Brown, Tennie 89, 160, 206
Brown, Josephine H 159, 186
Brown, May 57
Brown. Nellie 83, 95
Brush, Lynn 190
Brush, Maude 190
Bryant, Clara Louise 146
Buck, Mrs. Clarence F. (See Lena Staat).
Buck, Mrs. Prof 21
Buck. Prof 27, 114
Buckland, Nettie Louisa. .25. 114, 117, 205
Budd, Etta May 28, 31, 32, 33, 42, 114
117, 118, 119. 126 201
Bunnell, May Grace 152, 153. 185
Burdett, Myrtle May 21, 27, 28, 74,
Burgess, Mary 173
Burmester. Sophia W 178
Burraee, Myra 117
Burt Suzanne 170
Burton. Margaret 57. 58, 59, 60
Bush, Mrs. Alden, (See Mary Joyce).
Butler, Ada 208
Butterworth, Ruth 60, 157
Byrne, Mrs. Jos. (See Estelle Roehl.
Cairns, Annie 60, 120
Caldwell, Mrs. j. F. (See Estelle Riley).
Canfield, Mrs. Harry (See Ethel Palmer).
Camp, Bessie 77
Campbell, Carrie 140
Campbell, Daisy 59, 162, 163
Campbell, Florence 137
Cannon, Nan 82, 158, 189
Capen, Ina F 60, 117
Games, Anna B 59, 94
Carpenter, Kate 178
Carstens, Etta 135
Carter, Corinne 84, 167
Carter, Frances 83, 84, 167, 168
Carter, Mattie 21, 27, 28, 29, 113, 201
Case, Mrs. Nelson 151
Case, Octa W 130
Casey, Abbie 56, 57, 89, 131
Cassady, Edith 89
Catlin, Mrs. M. S 174
Caulfield, Elizabeth 208
Cavaness, Ethel 59, 96, 149, 150
Cawley, Margaret 85, 89, 164
Center, Hannah Josephine 21, 27,
28, 32, 114 201
Chadwick, Winifred 89
Challis, Rae 190
Challoner, George 103
Chamberlain, Mrs. (See Carrie Beddoe) .
Champlin, Mrs. (See Clara B. Johnson).
Chandler, Elsie 154
Chaplain, Gratia 207
Chapman, Ethel 84, 85, 87, 140
Chappell, Ethel 93, 180, 181
Chase, Elizabeth 82
Cheshire, Hattie 118
Chevalier, Mrs 126
Chollar, Bessie 89, 157
Chowning, Eva 86
Christoferson, Mrs. H. F. (See Effie
Church, Isabella 152, 185
Cilker, Martha E 167
Clapo, Katherine 61
Clark, Fannie J .58, 59, 64, 119
Clark, Helen 139, 140, 207
Clark, Marion E 115, 205
Clarkson, Florence, 122, 123, 124, 125, 174
Clatworthy, Linda 150
Clawson, Maude 86
Clemens, Ida C 124, 207
Clough, Emily S 21, 87, 28, 29, 36,
59, 113, 116 201
Clough, Grace 81, 154, 155, 184, 207
Clough, Sally 86
Closterman, Julia, 54, 68, 81, 83, 84,
134, 135, 157, 197 201
Cochran, Mary E 25, 56, 57, 114, 205
Coddinuton, Mrs. R. W. (See Manre
Cole, Ada A, 58, 59, 60, 61, 74, 85, 89,
115 116 20")
Cole, Edith 116
Cole, Mrs. Chas. (See Martha Barden).
Cole, Ruby 62, 116
Collins, Bertha 85, 122. 125
Collins, Lucy Weimar 135, 136, 206
Collins, Mary D 57
Collins, Mrs. Rollin (See Florence Clark-
Colson, Mrs. A. D. (See Edith Waite).
Comstock, Mrs. — —
Conklin, Lulu 77
Conner, Elizabeth G 178, 179
Conner, Mrs. Isabella W 178
Connor, Ethel. .62, 85, 95, 122, 123, 124,
Cook, Virginia K. 180
Cook, Mrs. D. A. (See Emily Hall).
INDEX OF NAMES.
Corbin, Mrs. D 160
Corbin, Lura M 165
Corderv Deborah 178
Corey, Emma L 132
Cottrell, Carrie 126
Cottrell, Mary H 126
Cowen, Mrs. H 131
Cox, Mabel 86
Cowley, Mrs. Arthur (See Clara Pfister).
Cramer, Barbara 88
Crane, Mrs. Henry (9ec Eva Rorick).
Crocker, Edna 87
Crocker, Mable 77, 82, 86, 120
Crofut, Minnie 89, 160, 161, 206
Crowley, Mrs. J. O. (See Hope Main).
Crum, Mable 82, 85
Cullen, Anna M 178
Cullen, Mrs. Wm. T. 178
Culver, Mrs. (See Dorothy Baker).
Cunningham, Edna 95, 136, 137
Cunningham, Emma 135
Currier, Alice 67
Custer. Mrs 149
Cutter, Mrs. (See Vena Vaughn.)
Damon, Julie 89
Danforth, Effie 60, 82, 144, 197, 201
Daniels, Ella 94
Darrohn, Anna 89
Darrohn, Clara 89
Darsie, Ida 134
Davidson, Belle 142
Davidson, Mary 1 141
Davis, Frances 89
Davis, Ida E 83, 135, 136, 206
Davis, E. Pearl 116
Davis, W. W 98
Dean, Emma D 89
Dean, Grace 88, 90, 132
Dean, Nellie 148
Dean, Nellie E 126
Dean, Ruth 153, 206
Deavitt, Carrie 138, 189, 140, 206
De Laney, Josephine 88, 132
De Lano, Luella 89
De Waters, Mrs. (See Sarah Allis).
Dewey, Mrs. Herbert (See Ethel Perkins).
Dewey, Mrs. Victor (See Julia Meyer).
Dickerman, Grace ; 57
Dickinson, Rogerta 62, 75, 155, 156
Dicks, Millie 89
Diserens, Elizabeth 84, 135, 206
Dixon, Mrs. Ed (See Mable Crocker.)
Dixon, Grace 84, 163
Dodds, Edith 123, 124
Dodge, Florence 1 168, 169, 189
Dodson, Laura , 180
Donahoe, Margaret 63, 75, 153, 206
Dopp. Mary 162, 163, 164
Douglas, Florence 139, 140
Douglas, Helen 138, 139, 140
Douglas. Mary 138
Dow, Mrs. C. H. (See Ina Capen).
Drake, Mrs. E. R. (See Harriet E. Stone)
Drake. Georgiana 89
Du Bois, Ada 146
Dunham, Elsie 63, 174
Dunham, Elva 174
Dunlop, Mrs. K. (See Mary Durand).
Dunning, Mrs. S. A. (See Agnes Powers).
Dunsmoor, Delia J 139, 140
Durand. Mary 169
Du Teil Bertha 82, 190
Dyar, Alice 60, 62, 142, 143. 206
Dyar, Annie 155, 156, 197, 201, 207
Eaton, Luella 59, 67, 83
Eayes, Clara May 56, 129
Ebling, Emily 90, 172, 173
Eckels, Minnie 179
Edgar, Caroline, 57. 79, 80, 141, 142,
143, 148, 186. 196, 201
Eels, Mrs. E. (See Eleanor Milchrist).
Egan, Ethel 77, 188
Egan, Mary 189
Egan, Mrs 78
Eldridge, Viola 59
Elliott, Omita I 207
Ellis, Cora 154, 155, 156
Ellison, Wanda 162
Ellsworth, Claudia F 62, 166
Elwood, Lillian 123, 125
Embury, Ethel 159
Emerson, Margaret Evelyn, 21, 27, 28,
29, 100, 113, 184, 201 207
Emnch, Lillian 77, 81, 86, 183
English, Alice W 152, 153, 206
Enright, Evelyn 139
Erdman, Mrs. (See Caroline Edgar.)
Ertle, Elsa E 82, 83, 123
Essleborn, Emilie 134, 135, 206
Esty, Mrs. (See Julia M. Abbott.)
Evans, Elizabeth 178
Evans, Lucy F 116
Evans, Mary S, 58, 59, 60, 135, 136,
184 , 206
Evans, Mrs. R. H 178
Eveleth, Martha, 58, 77, 78, 80, 115, 117,
Everett, Mrs. E. R. (See Frances Sisson).
Ewalt, Clara C 61, 62, 158
Fairweather, Nelle 82, 136
Farmer, Mildred 90
Farrell, Edith 63
Fee, Mrs. (See Pearl Powers).
Feeman, Mrs. Harlan (See Annie Cairns)
Fehrenkamp, Winifred 89
Feldmeyer, Ethel 166
Fern, Richard Lee 100
Ferris, Amy H 89, 135
Ferris, Gertrude 86
Ferris, Julia 84, 123
Ferris, Louise 86, 123, 125
Ferris, Mary C 82, 86, 155, 156, 207
Ferry, Etta Jane 25, 114
Field, Bertha 1 138, 139, 140
Field, Mary G 60, 95, 145
Fick, Alma S, 58, 59, 101, 134, 135,
Fisher, Annie F 85, 87, 171
Fisher, Helen 139
Fisher, Sallie 138
Fitch, R. Louise, 49. 50. 52, 54, 55, 61,
63, 64, 68, 83, 85, 88, 91, 95, 122,
123, 124, 125, 174, 175, 176, 197,
Follin Emma A 62
Follin, Mary 149, 151
Foote, Mrs. John (See Adelaide Watrous)
Forbes, Marion 139
Forbes. Mrs (See Hattie K. Anderson)
Ford, Teanette 177
Ford, Marion 102
Forsythe, Mrs. Wm 102
Fortney, Lura 136
Fortney, Sadie A 134, 184
Fortney, Stella 184
Fosbinder, Cora 89. 90
Foster, Mrs. Albert (See Leila Rorick).
Foster, Mrs. J. Ellen 64, 119
Fox, Alice 88. 140
Fox, Bertha 58
Fox, Mrs. W. R. (See Nettie Van Wert).
Frankenburger, Mrs. D. B 162
Frankish. Ellen H, 59, 60, 80, 81, 140,
147, 190, 196 202
HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Fraser, Etta 205
Frazier, Sebena 88, 174
Frazier, Zoe 90, 174
Freedman, Bertha H 86
Freedman, Elsa 86, 122, 123, 124
Freedman, Jessica 86
French, Florence 84, 89, 135
French, Mildred 59, 60, 84, 136
French, Mrs. Thomas 137
Frost, .Charlotte B I 152, 206
Froula, Mrs. V. K. (See Eva Barker).
Fuller, Nettie Lou 129, 130
Fulton, Mrs 176
Fulton, Roberta 88, 176, 177
Fulton, Mrs. Wilson (See Elizabeth Mc-
Galbraith, Anne 173
Galbraith, Emma W 116
Gallison, Grace B, 21, 27, 28, 100, 114,
Gamble, Elizabeth 100, 101, 102, 103
Gardiner, Cara Leslie 171
Gardner, Bertha Lee, 25, 28, 36, 56, 57,
58, 59, 60, 61, 67, 111, 114 205
Garman, Sue 158, 189, 206
Garrett, Mrs 149
Garten, Blanche 101
Gates, Mrs. T. C. (See Viola Eldridge.)
Gay, E. Loraine 81, 82, 86, 124
Gehring, Mrs. Anton (See Fannie Rock-
George, Blanche 77, 86, 123
George, Florence 86
Gerhart, Mrs. W. L 172
Gibbons, Bertha 89
Gibbs, Elizabeth, 57, 58, 59, 60, 80, 81,
95, 129, 130, 145, 162, 165, 185, 196, 202
Gibbs, Hazel 88
Gifford, Dora 118
Gilbert, Alma 89
Gilbert, Luma 125
Gilbert, Pearla 56, 77
Gilchrist, Annie T. .85, 87, 115. 116. 205
Ginter, Mrs. G. A. (See Edna Cunning-
Glancy, Laura R 90, 180, 181
Goddard, Jessica 81, 86
Goddard, Nelle 172, 173
Good, Florence 135
Goodale, Grace 82, 84, 89, 136
Gorrell, Emilie 85
Gould, Edna 64, 88, 143
Granger, Edith 90, 170, 171
Graver, Fannie L 88
Gray, Mrs. W. T. (See Lavina Perin.)
Green. Mrs D. F. (See Charlotte Benja-
Greene, Helen 166, 167
Greene, Marion 89
Gregory, Beulah 89
Greie, Janet, 57, 58, 59, 60, 77, 78, 85,
Griswold, Margaret 153, 206
Groves, Louise H 123
Giiarch. Pepita 89
Gund, Edna 96. 190
Gustafson, Mrs. A. (See Tessica Goddard).
Guy, Grace 89, 166
Hadley, May 154
Hagartv, Mary Alice 88, 116
Hair, Anna , 36
Hair, Mrs. Mary Murray 36, 149
Haley. Marv 176, 177
Hall, Mrs. Damon (See Isabel Leighton.)
Hall, Emily A 59, 67, 88, 94
Hamilton, Mrs. (See Abbie Wakefield).
Hamilton, Mrs. Geo. (See Mable Terry).
Hamilton, Mable T 130
Hamilton, Ruth 136
Hammack, Eleanor 60, 75, 167, 189
Hammond, Mrs. J. J. (See Maude Claw-
Hampton, Lucile 81, 124, 125
Handy, Helen 155, 150
Handy, Rena 85, 88, 155, 156
Hannahs, Edith . . .*. 89
Harding, Delia 83, 139, 140
Hardy, Mrs. Guy (See Norma Wertman).
Harriman, Donna May 83, 129, 130
Harris, Grace 156
Harris, Mrs. Roland (See Clara Moore).
Harrison, E Anna, 54, 68, 165, 166, 178,
Harrison, Mary H 139
Harrison, Mary W 94
Hart, Bessie 89
Hart, Mrs. (See Rogerta Dickinson.)
Hartley, Mayme 147
Hartman, Mrs. R. (See Clara Stnlman).
Hass, Mrs. B. G. (See Harriet Averill).
Hatfield, Olive H 152, 208
Hath way, Mrs. (See Charlotte Seabury.)
Haun, Gertrude 116
Hayes, Mrs. A. S. (See Sara Bartlett.)
Hazlett, Maude 60, 188
Healy, Ruth 123
Heaton, Persis 188
Heckles, Edna 89, 132, 205
Hedendahl, Leonora 86, 188
Heinmiller, Ida , 89
Heldmeyer, Florence 189
Heller, Daisy 89
Hendee, Helen 140, 187
Herrick, Ethel 60, 95, 189
Herrick, Mrs. L. R. (See Mildred French)
Hickox, Grace 156
Hillman. Eva 82
Hilty. Josephine 149
Hinman, Blanche 77, 207
Hitchcock, Alice 89
Hitchcock, Eva A 80, 131
Hobart, Martha N 205
Hobbins, Grace 88, 163, 164
Hobbins, Mrs. J. W 162
Hobson, Sarah 27
Hoch, Anna 85, 150, 151
Hoch, Gov. E. W 150
Hoch. Mrs. Homer (See Edna Wharton).
Hocking, Kate 164
Hodge, Mrs. Chas. (See Elizabeth Rob-
Hoffman, Anna, 60, 62, 165, 166, 167,
Hoffman, Mrs. C. H. (See Sara Paine).
Hoffman. Grace 77, 122, 124, 125
Hoge, Mildred 89
Holcomb, Jobelle 108
Hollis, Anna J 89, 159, 186. 187
Holmes, Louise 84, 85
Holway, Mrs. C. P. (See Margaret Em-
Holyoke, Mrs. Dr 147
Holzwarth, Mrs. Frank 89, 160
Holzwarth. Mary 89
Honould, Mrs. (See Dora Gifford.)
Hood, Jessie 89, 90
Hoone. Maude M 81
Hopkins, Bertha 158
Hopkins, Clara B 59, 129, 130, 185
Hopkins, Edith 158
Houlton, Alice 141
Howard, Mrs. A. G. (See Christine Jans-
Howard, Florence Gertrude 167
Howard. Nina F 10O
Howe, Mrs. Fred (See Eva Tamblyn).
INDEX OF NAMES.
Howe, Maude 57, 58, 59, 67
Howe, Winifred 59, 115, 205
Hubbard, Ruth 84
Hulburd Annabel 80
Hulett, Sarah 89, 132
Hull, Mrs. (See Katherine Spahr.)
Hulley, Dr. Lincoln 172
Hulton, Florence 178, 179
Hulton, Mrs. Orson A 178
Humphreys, Jeanette Rose 180, 181
Hunsicker, Lillie 58, 59, 96, 150, 151
Hunt, Lucy 59, 82
Huntington, Mrs. Dean 27, 114
Hurley, Mrs. T. B. (See Abbie Casey.)
Hutton, Annabel 164
Hyde, Adelaide 129
Hyzer, Alice 140
Imboden, Blanche " 89, 150
Tngersoll, Nannie 123
Ingersoll, Ola 184
Ingersoll, Patsie 76, 77, 120
Ireland, Jessie 136
Irwin, Mrs. W. A. (See Nannie Inger-
Ives, Mary S 57, 149
i ackson, Bertha C 80, 159
ackson, Florence M 130, 131, 137
ackson, Minnie C 57, 61, 94
ackson, Mrs. W. N. (See Minnie Long).
Tacobsen, Effie 142, 206
James, Florence 157
Tamieson, Grace 156
Jansson, Christine E., 25, 56, 74. 82, 83,
88; 89, 91, 114, 115, 116, 117, 137,
198, 202 205
Jay, Minnie 119
Jeffries, Mrs. B. (See Alice Silliman).
Johnson, Clara B 84, 85, 94, 159, 186
Johnson, Edith 63, 85, 140
Johnson, Elizabeth 138, 139, 140, 207
Johnson, Estelle 125, 183
Johnson, Frances 96, 164
Johnson, Leslie Christine 177
Johnson, Louise Hamblin 167
Johnson, Loulie May 95, 177, 178
Johnson, Mrs 176
Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Parley 78
Johnson, Rose 62, 160. 161
Tohnson, Sarah Le Maistre, 61, 83, 84,
101, 165, 166, 168 169
Tohnston, Eleanor 154
Johnston, Helena 90
Johnston, Katherine Courtenay. . . .61, 68,
73, 74, 75, 167, 189, 197 202
Tohnston, Louise 60, 74. 84, 188
Johnston, Lyla L. L 85, 87, 89, 161
Tones, Augusta 176
Jones, Dr 176
Jones, Eva 57, 137, 186
Tones, Grace 136
Tones, Mrs 176
Tones, S. Elizabeth 151
Jordan, Lulu Maude 129, 130
Joslin. Charlotte E, 21, 24, 27, 30, 56,
57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 67, 70, 78, 79,
80. 81, 100, 114, 115, 182, 196, 198.
Toslyn, Mary 138, 139, 140
Joyce, Mary 189
Karsner, Mrs. Charles W 178
Karsner, Eleanor Fulton 63, 178
Kastman, Valborg 85, 90, 174
Kaylor, Winnie 132
Keator, Mrs. F. E. (See Grace Goodale).
Keeler, Pearlie 137
Keene, Faye 153, 206
Keene, Jessie 62
Kellerman, Ivy, 59, 60, 63, 68, 81, 83,
100, 157, 158, 197, 202 206
Kellerman, Prof 157
Kelley, Mrs. (See Sallie Page.)
Kellogg, Anna J 151, 152, 153, 185
Kellogg, Cora E 196
Kemp, Harriet 82, 96, 150, 151
Kemp, Mrs. J. E. (See Pauline King).
Kempf, Helen 94, 144
Kennedy, Ida Blanche 140
Kern, Katrina 180
Kerr, Mrs. R (See Josephine Alexander.)
Keyes, Alice 89
Kilburn, Florence M 116
Kimble, Mrs. T. C 102
Kimmons, Emma Kate 176, 177
King, Daisy 165
King, Mrs. E. T. (See Mav Roberts).
King, Mrs. H. 1^. (See Bessie Chollar).
King, Pauline Harris, 60, 86, 122, 123
Kingslev. Agnes 89, 161
Kinnev, Edith 86, 89
Kinney, Emma 58, 128, 133, 134, 184
Kirby, Lydia A 178
Kirk, Lida V 60, 165
Klampe, Lela, 58, 61, 62, 68, 81, 82,
83, 142, 197 202
Knowles. Edith E 25, 26, 114, 205
Koch, Katherine 60
Koehler, Sophia M 61, 190
Kolbe, Evelyn D 88, 180
Krape, Bessie 101
Kr.uger, Mrs. (See May Roddis.)
Kuger, Mrs. T. (See Julia Closterman.)
Kurt, Mrs. F. (See Sarah B. Tucker).
Lacey, Mrs. Ellen Eastman 154
Lackey, Lena 129
Lakin, Maude 208
Lambdin, Lucy, 74, 82, 92, 134, 135,
137, 184 206
Lambert, Bertha 95, 129, 130
Lane. Sappho 126
Lanphear, Lillian, 86, 88, 122, 123,
Latimer, Lillian 123, 125
Latta, Mary Luella 136, 190
Latibach, Mrs. Roscoe (See Mary A. Mc-
Lauer, Hazel 86
Laurson, Almedia, 57, 59, 60, 77, 86, 87,
122, 141, 196 202
Lawrence. Helen 156
Lawler, Florence 136, 137 157, 184
Lawson, Blanche 80
Layman Margaret, 134, 135, 137. 205
Leach, Bessie M, 53, 56, 57. 58, 60, 61,
64, 74, 76, 77, 78, 82, 88, 91, 128,
129, 130, 144. 157, 185, 196, 197 202
Leach, Irmagarde 89
Leach, Marion D 116
Leathers, Mrs. Walter (See Ola Price).
Le Daum, Mrs. Henry 174
Lee, Adele 94, 138, 140, 187
Lee, Dorothy 77
Lee, Florence 78
Lee, Irene 137, 138, 140, 206
Le°. Rev. Chas 88
Leib. Mrs. Robert 102, 103
Leighton, Isabel 82
Lentz, Alice 157
Lentz, Marv G 166. 167
Leonard, Abbie Katherine, 138, 139, 140
HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Lescher. Olive Gertrude 85, 123, 124
Lewis, Alice 85, 89
Lewis, Irene 89, 187
Libbey, Laura 207
Lilley, Annie 188
Linn, Lulu 118
Linn, Mary 119
Little, Frances 139, 140
Livermore, Mrs. Mary A 21
Lockman, Jessie 62
Long, Bessie 157
~ong, Minnie 56
Losey, Mrs. F 160
Lovell, Edith". 83, 116
Lovejoy, Mrs. A. B. (bee Carrie Cottrell)
Low, Isabel 155, 207
Lowe, Mrs. Leo H. (See Isabel Bowen).
Loxley, Leonore 144
Luce, Elizabeth 141, 142
Luchsinger, Ida 90, 172, 173
Lucia, Emily 81, 139, 140, 159
Luetscher, Mrs. J. A. (See Elizabeth
Lumrj, Katherine 85, 148, 190, 206
Mackelfresh, Sue 135, 136, 206
Mackintosh, Ethel » 161
Mac Lellan, Viola M
Mac Neil, Hattie Clipton, 21, 27, 28, 29,
113, 117, 5!03
Macomber, Winifred 163
Madden, Ethel 89
Mahan, Mrs. Chas. (See Amy Mclntire).
Maine, Hope, 155
Mallalieu, Alice 165
Malley, Minnie 1^6
Maltby, Mae 159
Manahan, Minnie 82
Mandel, Mrs. A. V. (See Bertha H.
Mann, Mrs. Arthur S. (See Eleanor D.
Mann. Mrs. (See Bertha Lambert).
Manning, Charlotte 153
March, Lola 89
Markham, Mrs. C. G 149
Markham, Dora C, 58, 96, 149, 150,
Marpe, Carrie 134
Marr, Lillian G 59
Marsh, Mrs. Alden .78
Marsh, Alta 59, 77, 86, 92, 120, 183
Marsh, Mrs. G. A 103
Marsh, Mrs. Leroy 78
Marsh, Ruth 175
Marshall, Grace 84, 184
Martin, Mable 88, 150
Martin, Mrs. W. H. (See Sarah Ida
Mason, Carrie 94
Massey, Zeta 95, 155
Mastin, Florence J 63
Matson, Mrs. (See Ethel Bignell).
Matteson, Mrs. Asa 78
Matteson, Mr. and Mrs. Frank 78
Matteson, Mr. and Ms. Fred 78
Matteson, Grace 78, 183
Matthews, Edna 86
Maxwell, Douglas 176. 177
May, Mrs. Chas. (See Blanche Aldrich).
Maybee, Meta P 99
McAfee, Mrs. J. R. (See Erne Dan-
Mc Candless, Mrs. G. T. (See Loraine
McCart, Catherine . 173
McCaskie, Carrie 85, 172. 173
McCaskie, Florence 172
McCausland, Carrie 118
McChesney, Mrs (See Ola Ingersoll).
McCool, Nellie 77, 86
McCormick, Helen 132
McCormick, Rose 128, 207
McCurdy, Mary Macafee 178, 179
McCurdy, Mrs. R. M 178
McClintock, Mrs. J. H. (See Dorothy
McClure, Eleanor 40, 88
McClure, S. S 40
McDaniel, Ida 151
McDaniel. Stella 88
McDermid, Kate 142, 206, 207
McDonald, Ida 61
McElroy, Mrs. J. H 103
McElroy, Madge, 59, 82, 83, 138, 139, 140
McFarland, Jessie 86, 172
McGinnis, Margaret ' 88
McGraw, Hazel 85, 169
McGregor, Nan 84, 89
McGrew, Mary Edith 168, 169, 200
McGrew. Ruth 62, 168, 169
Mcintosh, Maude 123
Mclntyre, Amy 62
McKay, Mary A. 82, 88, 151, 152, 185,
196, 203 206
McKenzie, Meridie 61, 89, 90
McKinney, Elizabeth 86
McLain, Mrs. (See Onita Elliott).
McLaughlin, Blanche 86, 123, 125
McLaughlin, Lillian 86, 123, 188
McManiman, Mrs. R. E. (See Mable
Mead, Mrs. B. M. (See Lenna Short).
Meeks, Cornelia A 58, 152, 206
Meeks, Grace L 63, 172, 173
Merrick, Elizabeth G 180
Merrihew, Maud 85
Merrill, Helen 116
Merritt, Edith 174
Merritt, Mable 174
Metcalf, Anne 60, 155, 207
Metcalf, Bertha 208
Metcalf, Terresa 81, 155, 156. 207
Metz, Mrs. Percy (See Mamie Miller.)
Middleton, Anna 96, 164
Middleton, Lida 96. 164
Milburn, Mrs. John (See Leonora Hed-
Milchrist. Eleanor. . .77, 120, 122, 125, 154
Millen, Gladys 88, 132
Milne, Tessie 128, 184
Miller, Lena Adele 170, 171
Miller, Mamie 96, 190
Miller, May 101
Mills, Alice A 60, 61
Mills, Helen 157, 189
Mills, Lela 89
Mills, Maud 140
Minium, R"t'i 155
Mitchell, Clara 89
Montgomery. Mrs. A. T. (See Almar-
Moore, Clara E 63, 89
Moore, Mrs. Eleanor Love 168
Moore, Mrs. Robert (See Eleanor Von
Morden, Mary M 88, 129, 185
Morgan, Clara 133
Morsran. Mrs. (S<*e Norma P. Round).
Morlev, Mrs. J. P. (See Hattie Berry).
Morris, Winifred 119, 207
Morrison, Estella 80
Morrow. Maude S 177, 178
Morse. Mrs. H. C. (See Nellie Wolf).
Morton. Olivia M 126
Mott, Mary 74, 87, 89
Muir. Anita 146
Mullins, Nellie J 180
INDEX OF NAMES.
Mul vane, Daisy 128
Munster, Bertha 86
Murdoch, Alta 124
Murray, Margaret J 79, 130
Murray, Mary 207
Mutch, Helen 89
Muzzy, Maude E, 25, 28, 29, 58, 114,
117", 151 205
Myers, Mrs. Isadore (See Jessica Freed-
Myers, Julia 95, 185
Nash, Edith 95, 129, 130
Neall, Emma V 179
Needham, Martha 139, 140
Neil, Grace 89
Nelson, Jessie ....162, 163, 164, 189
Nelson, Mable 207
Newell, Eleanor 84, 153, 185
Newell, Maude S 63, 85
Newland, Lillian 188
Newman, Esther 86
Newton, Fay 142, 207
Nichol, Gertrude 81, 157
Nichols, Ethel Gay 174, 175, 207
Nickerson, Marion 117
Nieman, Flora 136
Noon, Edith 53, 76, 99
Norris, Katherine Marion, 21, 27, 28, '29,
58 113 203 . .205
Norton, Mrs. Laura H,'. '.i'o'o','i6i,' 102, 103
Nye, Caroline 13, 138
O'Dell, Florence 175, 207
Ogden, Evelyn 77
Olds, Alice 68, 82, 143
Olgen, Amy H, 26, 61, 62, 63, 64, 83,
86, 87, 88, 90, 91, 95, 102, 103, 104,
106, 109, 155, 156, 184, 197, 203 207
Olson, Irene, 85, 88, 96, 122, 123, 125,
176, 197, 203
Olney, Persis 116
Oneil, Florence 88
Orsborne, Almarene 57, 94, 144
Otto, Anna 89
Owen, Mrs. Ray (See Theo. B. Pickford)
Packard, Mrs. H. P (See Frances Bay-
Paddock, Jessie 154
Paddock, Mary 75, 94, 139, 144
Page, Bertha 185
Page, Carrie 118
Page, Sallie 207
Paine, Sara 174
Palmer, Ethel 143
Palmer, Jeanette 86
Palmer, Margaret 85
Palmer, Mrs. O L. (See Elizabeth
Palmer, Walter B 97
Pardee, May 88
Parker, Belle 86
Parkin, Mrs. H. A. (See Edna Rex).
Parkinson, Mrs. T. B 162
Parmelee, Mrs. E. N. (See Amy Olgen).
Parrot, Annette 118, 119
Parry, Alberta 89
Parry, Mr. and Mrs. Ed 78
Parry, Eva 116
Parsons, Sadie 130. 207
Partridge, Mabel 113. 114. 203. 205
Patch, Edith M 59, 60, 64, 96, 142, 143.
Patterson, Mrs. Margaret J 100
Patterson, Violet 168
Paul, Clara F 132
Payne, Mrs. Walter (See Jessie Milne).
Peabody, Mrs. H. E. (See Emily S Clough)
Pearson, Mrs. P. M. (See Edna Wolf).
Peck, Elizabeth 61, 152, 206
Peck, Ethel 89
Peck, Ruby ■ 189
Peckover, Sarah, 75, 115, 116, 117, 205
Penfield, Mrs. E. Jean N 101, 102
Penfield Priscilla 116
Pennypacker, Reba 89
Perkins, Alice 85
Perkins, Ethel 84
Perin, Lavina 134, 136, 157
Perrin, Genevieve 86
Perrin, Mrs. Geo 78
Perry, Alberta 59, 60, 159, 186
Perry, Anna H 60, 85
Perry, Gertrude 140
Peters, Mrs. (See Frances Bierman.)
Peterson, Mrs. H. (See Eola Auld.)
Pfisterer, Clara 95, 162, 164
Phillips, Ann 178
Phillips, Mrs. F. E. (See Alta Marsh).
Phillips, Mrs. W. E 121
Phillips, Mrs. L. B. (See Daisy Boone.
Phipps, Edith 189
Pickford, Merle, 60, 61, 86, 88, 90, 91,
163, 164, 197, 203 806
Pickford, Theo 86, 88, 163, 189, 206
Picton, Lida M 180
Pierce, Mrs. C. E. (See Marion Norris).
Pimm, Margaret 88
Place, Mrs. P. 89
Place, Sadie 163, 164
Plant, Daisy 176,177
Plattenburg, Clara 86
Plummer, Lydia M 57, 81, 141, 142, 206
Pocock, Mrs. (See Lucy Hunt).
Poage, Anna 128
Pollock, Gertrude 89
Pond, Eleanor Dorcas.. 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
26, 27, 28, 29, 36, 56, 57, 89, 90, 113,
116, 117, 183, 196 203
Pope, Eliza P 208
Porter, Anna L 128, 130
Porterfield, Alice 88, 90, 169
Post, Elizabeth, 171
Post, Katherine 171
Post, Mrs. P. S. (See Janet Greisr).
Postlewaite, Mable 156
Potter, Vera 58, 59
Powell, Caroline A 184
Powell, Tosephine R 144
Powers, Agnes, 57, 58, 59, 60. 81, 82,
83, 95, 134, 136, 145, 184, 189, 190, 203
Powers, Myra 86, 196, 198, 204
Powers, Pearl 190
Poynter, Gov 147
Pratt, Prof 78
Preston, Julia 85, 89, 132
Price, Mildred 174, 175, 207
Price, Ola 85, 176
Priddy, Mrs. F. E. (See Bessie M. Leach).
Priest, Janet 59, 143, 170
Pruitt, Temima 169
Pruitt, Joanna 63
Purdue, Mrs. A. H 102
Putnam, Mary 207
Ouint, Violet N 126, 207
P->ndall, Jennie 207
Rapp. Katherine Louise 63, 171
Ratcliff, Ethel, 169
Ratcliff, Evelyn Marianna. . .167, 168, 206
HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Ratterman, Katherine, 63, 64, 85, 135,
136, 182, 197, 198, 204 206
Ratton, Georgia 169
Rawalt, Ethel 86, 123
Rawalt, Maude , 86
Ray, Mary L 63
Raymond, Marie 81, 86, 95, 123
Rea, Mary Lou.! 176, 177
Rearick, Mrs. Allan C. (See Ethel Rawalt)
Reeb, Margaret 82, 189
Redfield, Ethel lone.. 83, 86, 163, 164, 189
Reed, Agnes 159
Reed, Bertha 99
Reed, Georgiana 59, 149, 151
Rees, Edith 158, 159, 206
Reichman, Alvena 144, 208
Reichman, Charlotte 144
Reid, Louise 168
Rex, Edna ', 125
Reynolds, Bertha 89
Reynolds, Ethel G " 153
Reynolds, Winifred 89, 161
Rhodes, Mrs. J. E. (See Louise Robin-
Rhonemus, Fronia 128
Rich, Alice E 21, 27, 28, 29, 113, 204
Rich, Mary F 67
Richards, Lillian 162
Richards, Olive 173
Richardson, Emma 57
Richardson, Mrs. (See Fern Abbot).
Richardson, Rhoda Emma. 80, 131, 205, 207
Rife, Mildred 68, 166
Riley, Estelle, 84, 135, 136, 137, 184, 205
Riley, Mrs 76
Robbins, Alma 119
Robbins, Ina 85
Robbins, Mrs. Vernon 172
Roberts, Cora Ruth 158
Roberts, Lucy, 89, 124
Roberts, May 77, 86
Robertson, Mrs. (See Bertha Page).
Robinson, Amelia Maud 170
Robinson, Bertha fll
Robinson, Elizabeth 89
Robinson, Gertrude M 82, 83, 84. 132
Robinson, Louise, 57, 61, 68, 84, &5,
87, 141, 142, 143, 197, 198 204
Robinson, Mildred 187
Rockwell, Fannie 82, 157, 189
Roddis, L May 126, 127
Roehle, Estelle 89, 165, 178
Rogers, Blanche 176, 177
Rogers, Callie 119
Rogers, Elizabeth 94, 152, 153, 185
Rorick, Eva M 128, 129, 144
Rorick, Leila M 129, 130
Rose, Ernestine 153
Round, Norma 165, 166, 167
Russell, Mrs. Bertram (See Alice Dyar).
Sain, Lydia 58, 81, 150
Sanborn, Mrs. J. B. (See Gertrude
Sanders, Isabella 155
Santon, Addie R 67, 80
Sawyer, Helen 88. 132
Sawyer, Mrs. S. G. (See Carrie Jack-
Sayre, Susie 1 25, 114, 205
Scatterday, Adelia 88, 158
Schaufelberger, Mrs. Ed (See Lillian
Scheusler, Matilda 208
Schnessler, Helena 170
Schwartz, Amy J 135, 136
Scott. Rose G 56. 63, 125, 187
Scranton, Mrs. E. E. (See Corinne Carter.)
Seabury, Charlotte 84, 208
Seacord, Marie 86. 122, 123, 125
Seaman, May 135
Searles, Lucy Osborne, 57, 58, 59, 63,
85, 152, 153, 185, 197, 204 206
Seaver, Blanche E, 25, 28, 29, 99, 114,
Seguine, Laura R 170, 187
Seymour, Lucretia 62, 89
Shackford, Isabella 180, 181
Shaffer, Iola 136
Shaffer, Lucy 89
Shaw, Sarah Ida, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24,
26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 66, 57, 70, 74, 76,
80, 82, 113, 115. 116, 117, 120, 131,
141, 151, 157, 159, 182, 196 204
Shelley, Lucile 80, 144
Shelley, Sarah Ellen 170, 187
Shelton, Mrs. Chas Eldred 118
Shephard, Anna 139
Shepherd, Eva 176
Sheppard, Margaret 103
Shelbourne, Annie Laurie, 62, 84, 94,
137, 138, 139, 140, 159, 186, 196, 204,
Shinn, Josephine 129, 130
Shorkley, Ruth 90
Short, Lenna B 123
Shreeves, Mary 85
Shurtz, Olive 157, 189
Siegler, Lillian 41, 82, 86, 96
Siller, Mable 101
Silliman, Alice 174
Simmons, Gertrude 124
Simonds, Dr. W. E 78
Simpson, Mrs. T. C... 121
Simpson, Mrs. M. L. (See Edith Smith).
Sinclair, Virginia 101
Sisson, Frances 77, 86, 120
Skiles, Blanche 82, 189
Skiles, Zanta 82
Sleman, Emily F 166, 206
Smith, Celia Mary 129
Smith, Edith 137, 187
Smith, Flora M 25, 58, 114, 205
Smith, Greta 1*3
jmith, Mrs. Herbert A. (See Genevieve
Smith, Jeanette 189
Smith, Margaret 99
Smith, Mary Chadburne, 36, 57, 141,
Smith, Maude 90, 174
Smith, Percy J 59
Smith, Spencer R 64
Snead, Tanet Sue 180, 181
Snell, Lila 155
Sorgel, Ruth 136
Southworth, May 90, 94
Southworth, Maude 159, 161
Soule, Mrs. A. Y. (See Grace Atwater).
Spafford, Mattie E, 57, 79, 94, 137, 138
Spahr, Katherine, 59, 91, 92. 94, 129, 130
Spear, Mrs. Alden H. (See Marion Ford).
Speer, Eva 126, 127
Spier, Mrs. (See Evelvn Allen).
Spencer, Carolvn, 61, 82. 83, 87, 88, 91,
160, 170, 172, 180, 197, 204
Spencer, Claire _ 174
Spencer, Phronia 207
Spencer, Esther 89
Spies, Estella 122, 123, 124
Spitler, Alice 62
Staat, Lena 77, 81
Staat, Nellie 77, 207
Stahn, Louise C, 60, 73, 74, 75, 165, 166
Stall wood. Bessie 89
Stanley, Mrs. Harry (See Blanche Im-
Starr, Evelyn E 126. 127, 207
Staver, Mrs. W. H. (See Edith Farrell).
INDEX OF NAMES.
Stearns, Mrs. Arthur (See Mary VVert-
Stearns, Jean 81, 85, 185
Stegner, Mrs. (See Adele Bentley).
Steele, Lavinia 148, 174
Stein, Helen 85, 89, 135, 137, 206
Stene, Isabel 85, 142
Stephens, Alif 172, 173
Sterling, Harriet 198
Stevens, Elizabeth C 152, 185
Stevens, Lill M 88, 190
Stevens, Mrs. Lottie A. W, 21, 27, 29,
113, 127 204
Stevenson, May, 81, 86, 95, 122, 123
Stewart, Florence I, 21, 24, 27, 28, 29,
113, 196 204
Stiles, Bertha 56
Stiles, Molly 89
Stiles, Notly 89
Stillman, Clara 82, 84, 163, 197, 204
Stillman, Gertrude, 68, 84, 95, 162, 163,
Stillwell, Myrtle 130, 184
Stinard, Bessie 88, 159
Stocking, Elizabeth C 152
Stoll, Blanche D 82, 86, 124
Stone, Mrs. Albert (See Elsa Ertle).
Stone, Alma D 116
Stone, Harriet E. 81, 82, 95, 122, 124,
125, 145, 196, 204 207
Stone, Martha, 77, 120, 122, 124, 183, 188
Strickler, Mrs. J. (See Bertha Metcalf).
Strode, Mildred 180
Suber, Georgia 189
Sudds, Kate L 61, 94
Summer, Caroline 80, 94
Swanson, Mrs. S. T. (See Jessie Nelson.)
Swann, Hazel 95
Swann, Zola 96, 150
Sweet, Mrs. Sidney S. (See Sallie Fisher).
Sweeting, Jane 89
Swett, Mrs. (See Olive Hatfield).
Swift, Edna 88
Swigert, Harriet 86
Sykes, Clara Frances 153, 206
Talbot, Abigail 171
Tamblyn, Eva 123
Tanner, Carrie V 56, 205
Tanner, J Mack 78
Tanner, Mrs. J. Mack (See Patsie In-
Tarleton, Mrs. R. D. (See Annette Par-
Taylor, Austiana 99
Taylor, Sarah Vore 146, 148
Telling, Grace 102
Tennant, Mrs. Richard 102, 103, 104
Terry, Etta lone 205
Terry, Mable 159
Terry, Minnie Ruth 100, 101, 102
Thalheimer, Ethel 186
Thayer, Emily L 84, 208
Thomas, Edith 142, 143, 207, 208
Thomas, Lillian Daisy 155, 156, 188
Thomas, Nelle 172, 173
Thomas, Mrs. Percy E. (See Anne Met-
Thompson, Alma, 74, 85, 89, 96, 122,
123, 124, 125
Thompson, Faith 178
Thompson, Mrs. G. W 121
Thompson, Mrs. King (See Ethel Herrick).
Thompson, Lillian, 82, 100, 101, 102, 103
Thompson, Minnie 118
Thompson, Zena D 94, 144
Thome, Evelyn 150
Thrall, Josefa 59, 82, 95, 158
Timbrell, Ethelberta 159
Titus, Mrs. Louis 168
Tobias, Ella F, 57, 83, 94, 129, 130,
184, 185, 187
Todd, Edna t 74
Todd, Junia 96
Totten, Mrs. Frank (See Flora Waterman.)
Towle, Phebe 14G
Trask, Gertrude King, 86, 122, 123, 124
Traver, Mrs, A. H. (See Bertha Gibbons).
Travis, Helen S 88
Tredwell, Elizabeth A. S 39, 88, 171
Trueblooa, Estelle 86, 96, 118, 119,
Trueblood, Minora 119
Trumble, Matie 56, 111, 128
Tubbs, Lelah 124
Tucker, Bertha 153
Tucker, Mary A 83, 136
Tucker, Sarah Bertha. .152, 185, 197, 205
Tumbleson. Elizabeth, 49, 59, 62, 63, 82,
83, 85, 87, 165, 166, 170, 172, 176,
178, 180, 182, 197 205
Tunnicliff, Mrs. G. D. (See Blanche
Tunnicliff, Mrs. J. J. (See Blanche Mc-
Turner, Emma H 99
Updyke, Alyda 89
Upham 58, 94
Vanderhoff, Edna A 62
Vandevere, Alma 86, 148, 190, 206
Van Wert, Nettie 129-
Vaughn, Vena 207
Ver Mehr, Mrs. (See Irene Lee).
Vinson, Nina May 131
Von Bodenstedt E Eleanor 62, 143
Von Grotenhuis, Mrs. Louise v .154
Von Mansfelde Belie 149
Von Mansfelde Dr 146
Vcn Mansfelde Duty 146-
Von Mansfelde Tohanna 146
Vore, Anna L. T. 59, 146, 147, 148,
197, 205, 206
Vore, Sarah T 206
Vose, lone,.. 86, 122, 123, 124, 125
Vose, Marion 86, 89, 123, 124
Wade, Henrietta 169-
Waite, Mrs. Charles (See Gertrude Ferris)
Waite, Edith, 58, 74, 80, 131, 132, 159.
Waite, Marion 89, 161
Wakefield, Abbie 185, 207
Walbridge, Isabella 81, 94, 185
Wallace, Mrs. E. E. (See Sara L. John-
Wallace, Lena 89"
Walraith, Stella 89, 161
Walters, Nellie M 144
Walton, Edna 8»
Walton, Mrs. Hugh (See Maude Rawalt)
Walton, Ina 88, 90, 135, 137
Ward, Ruth 94
Waring, Anna T 170, 187
Wasson, Mrs. James (See Alta Murdoch)
Waterman, Mable 129, 130
Waterman, Mary 129"
Watrous, Adelaide 154
Watson, Frances 154, 18*
Watson, Mrs. Hugh H. (See Mary Jos-
HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA.
Watson, Mrs. J. O. (See Fannie Clark).
Watson, Lorena 181
Watson, Lottie 154, 184
Watson, Mrs. Robert (See Bess Wolff).
Watts, Vivien 158
Weaver, Mima, 62, 83, 84, 158, 189, 206
Weber, Anna 7 60
Weddle, Mary 88, 173
Weeks, Mrs. C. W 174
Weeks, Frances 152, 185
Weir, Mr 78
Werts, Harriett E 62, 170, 187
Wertman, Mary 86, 124
Wertman, Norma 86, 96
Wertman, Ora 86
West, Mrs. Earl (See Lena Lackey.)
West, Mrs. Ethel (See Ethel Egan).
Westenhaver, Adda 162, 198
Wharton, Edna, 62, 77, 83, 84, 150,
151, 197, 198 205
Wheeler, Adelaide 62, 89
Wheeler, Camille 62, 63, 116
Wheeler, Cleora 102
Wheeler, Mrs. (See Martha White).
Whitcomb, Pauline 119
White, Gertrude 83, 84
White, Mrs. (See Mary Murray).
White, Ruth E 63, 64, 179
White, Martha 208
Whitman, Bertha 159, 208
Whitney, Floy 89
Whittimore, Gertrude 138, 139, 140, 206
Whittier, Martha 61, 163, 164
Whittier, Rowena 64, 95, 163, 164
Wicks, J eanette 102
Wight, Lucy E 99
Wilbur, Clara 89
Wilcox, Edna 155
Wilcox, Grace 137
Wilcox, Harriette 86, 123, 124
Wilcox, Lottie 156
Wilder, Mrs. F. A 174
Wilkins, Norma 176
Wilkinson, Lvdia 57, 119
Willey, Lena Tillou 180
Williams, Elizabeth 102
Willis, Mrs. Richard (See Grace Matte-
Wilmot, Edna 56, 122
Wilson, Ella C 135, 136
Wilson, Flora 34, 126, 127
Wilson, Maude 89
Wilson, Sec'y of Agri 34
Wilson, Stella 119
Wilson, Veda 146
Winfree, Mrs. W. R 180
Wingert, Mrs. Alvah (See Almedia
Winter, Maude 159
Wood, Bertha E 83, 84, 89
Wood, Mrs 149
Woodburn, Lucy 89
Woodruff, Nana 90
Woods, Grace E 61, 169
Woods, Helen 59
Wolfe, Edna 58, 81, 149, 184
Wolf, Bertha 86
Wolf, Bess 96
Wolf, Mrs. Jos. M 172
Wolf, Nellie 86
Wolf, Opal 86
Worden, Jessie B 89, 160, 206
Worden, Mable 77, 108
Wordworth, Jessie 58, 139
Worst, Mrs. E (See Evangeline Chown-
Wright, Beulah 151, 189
Wright, Elizabeth 155
Wylie, Edith 77, 78
York, Louise E 85
Young, Blanche 144
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