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Full text of "A Detailed record of Delta Delta Delta, 1888-1907"

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Bessie (Leach) Priddy, r. Grand Historian. 
(Author of Delta Delta Delta History. 



A DETAILED RECORD 

OF 

DELTA DELTA DELTA 

1888-1907 



COMPILED BY 

Jlr*. BESSIE(LEACH^PRIDDY, Ph. B.'91 



GAMMA CHAPTER 
GRAND HISTORIAN 1902-1908 



EDITED BY 

AMY OLGEN PARMELEE, r Grand President 

R. LOUISE FITCH, e Editor Trident 



Published by 

THE MAIL PRINTING COMPANY 

Galesburg, Illinois 

1907 



IMP J 



Copyright 1907 

By R. Louise Fitch 

Galva, Illinois 



INTRODUCTORY 



This outline of the growth and achievements of Delta Delta 
Delta has been collected and compiled from the historical matter 
written and collected by the first Grand Historian of the frater- 
nity, Sara Ida Shaw Martin (1897-1900), the reports transmitted 
by Grand Historian, Lela M. Klampe (1900-1902), the fifteen 
volumes of the Trident, the various directories, chapter letters 
and Convention Reports issued, the Inter-Sorority Conference 
Reports and special chapter reports for 1903-4, 1904-5 and 
1905-6, received in answer to specific sets of questions issued by 
the present historian. Many personal interviews with the 
founders and early members of Alpha and the charter members 
of the various other chapters and with grand council members 
"have been helpful in information and suggestions. The author 
has not labored under the mpression that this is a contribution to 
literature. The intention has been to compile a record and a 
reference book. 

No space has been taken for words of self-praise or gratula- 
tion for it has been thought that the achievements of Tri Delta 
will speak for themselves to all who may care to read. 

While a task of many days, interrupted sometimes for 
months by family cares, yet the compilation of this history has 
nevertheless been a source of pleasure to one who has worked in 
the ranks of the fraternity since the third year of its history. 

All members and officers called upon for assistance have 
loyally responded and to each and all of them is extended most 
sincere gratitude. 

From the founders and earliest grand officers to the present 
council, there has not been one who has not responded cheerfully 
to frequent and troublesome questioning. 

To the Editing Committee, R. Louise Fitch, Editor of the 
Trident and Amy Olgen Parmelee, Grand President, the present 
Historian owes a double debt, first of all for constant inspiration 
and eager interest and second for entire readiness to render all 
manner of aid and services outside of the technical duties de- 

(S) 

M152971 



6 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

volving upon them. The interest and counsel of her husband, 
Frank E. Priddy, a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon, have also 
been drawn upon freely and often. 

Kindly indulgence is asked for the multitude of errors that 
must be made by one who attempts to compile nearly twenty 
years of history from such scattered records as were to be com- 
manded. More time and more labor could have brought this to 
greater perfection but as time passes history is making and al- 
ready enough of labor upon it has been added to a busy life to 
equal the working hours of a year. 

May these humble efforts open the way for some future 
historian to perfect the task and also to inspire in all Tri Deltas 
who read an abiding resolution to make a history worthy of pres- 
ervation. 

In the bonds of Delta Delta Delta, 

Bessie Leach Priddy, 

Gamma (Adrian, Mich.) 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 

Founding of Delta Delia Delta 17 

Foreword 17 

Environment 18 

Suggestion 19 

Realization 19 

Founders and Their Aim 22 

First Members of Alpha Chapter 22 

Trials of Alpha 25 

Successes of Alpha 26 

The Aim 26 

Extracts From Records of Alpha Chapter 27 

Development 32 

First Chapter Admitted 32 

Naming of Chapters 33 

Chapter Extension 34 

Alumnae Alliances 35 

In Other Lines v 37 

Degrees and Insignia 38 

Degrees 38 

Insignia 38 

Government 41 

Grand Council 41 

Provinces 42 

Charter Grants 43 

Alumnae Alliances 44 

Examinations 45 

Finances 46 

Finances of Individual Chapters 48 

Visiting Delegate 49 

Report of First Chapter Inspector 50 

Publications of Delta Delta Delta 53 

The Trident 53 

The Trident — Table of Contents 56 

Triton 68 

Pamphlets 68 

Chapter Record Books 70 

(7) 



8 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



PAGE 



Directories 70 

Catalogues 71 

Constitutions i 72 

Convention Reports 70 

Rituals 73 

Songs 73 

Conventions of Delta Delta Delta 76 

National 76 

First National 76 

Second National 78 

Third National 80 

Fourth National 81 

Fifth National 83 

Sixth National 84 

Seventh National 87 

National Alumnae Alliance Sessions 92 

Province Conventions 93 

Inter Sorority Events 97 

Pan Hellenic Movements 97 

Inter Sorority Events 98 

World's Fair Pan Hellenic Movements 99- 

First Inter Sorority Conference 100 

Second Inter Sorority Conference 101 

Third Inter Sorority Conference 101 

Fourth Inter Sorority Conference 102 

Fifth Inter Sorority Conference 108 

Chapter Histories 110 

General Notes 110 

Chapter Histories 113 

Alpha — Boston University 113 

Delta (Deuteron) — Simpson College 117 

Epsilon — Knox College 120 

Delta — Iowa State College 126 

Gamma — Adrian College 127 

Beta — St. Lawrence University 130 

Zeta — Cincinnati University 133 

Eta — University of Vermont 137 

Theta — University of Minnesota 141 

Iota — University of Michigan 143 

Kappa — University of Nebraska 146 

Lambda — Baker University 148 

Sigma — Wesleyan University ' 151 

Upsilon — Northwestern University 154 . 

Nu — Ohio State University 157 

Omicron — Syracuse University 159 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



PAGE 



Mu — University of Wisconsin 161 

Xi — Woman's College of Baltimore 165 

Pi — University of California 167 

Rho — Barnard College 170 

Tau — Bucknell University 172 

Phi — Iowa State University 174 

Chi — University of Mississippi 176 

Psi — University of Pennsylvania 178 

Alpha Xi — Randolph-Macon Woman's College 180 

Alliance Histories I 82 

General Note 182 

Alpha Alliance— Boston Mass 182 

Epsilon Alliance — Galesburg, 111 183 

Chicago Alliance — Chicago, 111 183 

Zeta Alliance — Cincinnati, Ohio 184 

Gamma Alliance — Adrian, Mich 185 

Sigma Alliance — Middletown, Conn 185 

Omicron Alliance — Syracuse, N. Y 186 

Theta Alliance — Minneapolis, Minn 186 

Delta Alliance — Indianola, Iowa 186 

Eta Alliance— Burlington, Vt 186 

Beta Alliance— Canton, N. Y 187 

Rho Alliance— New York City 187 

Denver Alliance — Denver, Colo 188 

Los Angeles Alliance — Los Angeles, Calif 188 

Mu Alliance — Madison, Wis 189 

Nu Alliance — Columbus, Ohio 189 

Kappa Alliance — Lincoln, Neb 190 

Pi Alliance — Berkeley, Calif 190 

Upsilon Alliance — Evanston, 111 190 

Summary 192 

Statistical 195 

National Conventions 195 

Province Conventions 195 

Alumnae Alliance Sessions 196 

Grand Councils 196 

Chronological Outline 198 

Biographical Notes 200 

Tri Deltas in Phi Beta Kappa 205 

Tri Deltas in Sigma Xi 207 

In Memoriam 207 

Members of Delta Delta Delta 209 

Alpha 209 

Beta 212 

Gamma 214 



10 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Delta 216 

Iowa State College 219 

Epsilon 219 

Zeta 222 

Eta 225 

Theta 226 

Iota 223 

Kappa '. 229 

Lambda 231 

Mu 233 

Nu 235 

Omicron 237 

Pi 289 

Rho 240 

Sigma ' 241 

Tau 242 

Upsilon 242 

Xi 244 

Phi 245 

Chi 246 

Psi 247 

Alpha Xi 247 

Chapter Roll of Delta Delta Delta 248 

Alumnae Alliance Roll of Delta Delta Delta 249 

Examinations 250 

Chapter Convention Representation 251 

Sorority Parallels — Statistics 252 

Sorority Table 253 

Sorority Parallels on Sixteenth Birthday 254 

Sorority Parallels — Publications 254 

Sorority Parallels — Date of Chapter Establishment 255 



Index of Illustrations 



FOLLOWING 
PAGE 

Abercrombie, Mary Taylor 200 

After Convention, (1907), House Parties 80 

Allen, Emily F 196 

Alpha Charter Group, (1889) 116 

Alpha Chapter Rooms 116 

Alpha Xi Charter Group, (1905) 180 

Alpha Xi Chapter Rooms 180 

Autographs of Past and Present Grand Officers 40 

Ball, Marion E. P 204 

Baltimore Fire Scenes, (1904) 164 

Berry, Hattie ...- .' 80 

Beta Chapter Houses 130 

Breed, Isabel Morgan 24 

Budd, Etta May 196 

Business Stationery — Chapter Designs 40 

Carnegie Hero Medal, awarded Lavinia Steele 148 

Certificate of Membership Adopted 1905 40 

Chapter Record Book and Song Book 56 

Charter Issued to Youngest Chapter, Alpha Xi 40 

Chi Charter Group 176 

Christening of Battleship "Kansas" 148 

Circle Degree Pin, adopted 1900 40 

Closterman, Julia 200 

Colson, Edith ( Waite) 196 

Constitutions of Delta Delta Delta 56 

Convention Snap Shots, (1907) 80 

Crouse Chapel and Dormitory, Syracuse, N. Y 160 

Danforth, Effie Leach 200 

Delta Chapter House ; 116 

Delta Delta Delta Jewelry 40 

Delta Delta Delta Pennants 40 

Delta Delta Delta Table Service 40 

Designs of Official Stationery 40 

Directories of Delta Delta Delta 56 

Dunning. Agnes ( Powers ) 196 

Dyar, Annie L 200 

Emblematic Stationery Designs 40 

(11) 



12 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



FOLLOWING 
PAGE 



Epsilon Active Chapter, (1904) 124 

Erdman, Dr. Carolin (Edgar) 196 

Eta Chapter House 136 

Eta Charter Group 136 

Eveleth, Martha 30, 196 

Fac-similie First Page First Trident 56 

Fifth National Convention Group (1900) 80 

First Alliance Convention Voting Delegates, (1898) 80 

First Charter Bearing "Grand President" 40 

First Charter Issued by Alpha Chapter 40 

First Delta Delta Delta Banners 40 

First Delta Delta Delta Pin 40 

First Epsilon Chapter Picture, (1893) •. . . 124 

First Gamma Province Convention Group, ( 1895) 80 

First Illustrated Trident Cover 56 

First Jeweled Pin, Trident and Circle Degree Pin ' 40 

First Theta Chapter Picture 140 

Fitch, R. Louise 204 

Fobs, made by Wilbur-Lanphear Co 40 

Frankish, Ellen H 196 

Gamma Chapter Rooms '. 128 

Gamma Charter Group, (1890) 128 

Geographical Distribution of Chapters 40 

Grand Council, (1897-1900) 196 

Grand Historian at Work on Delta Delta Delta History 196 

Hayes, Sara (Bartlett) 200 

Hoch, Edna (Wharton) 204 

Howard, Christine (Jansson) 204 

Ingersoll, Patsie 80 

Jacob Sleeper Hall 116 

Johnston, K. Courtenay 200 

Joslin, Charlotte 196 

Kappa Chapter Houses 148 

Kellerman, Ivy 200 

Klampe, Lela M 196 200 

Kurt, Sarah (Tucker) 200 

Lambda Charter Group 148 

Lambda Chapter House 148 

Laurson, Almedia 80, 196 

Leach, Bessie 80, 196 

Luetscher, Elizabeth (Tumbleson) 200 



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 13 

FOLLOWING 
PAG* 

Mann, Dr. Eleanor ( Pond) 24 

Markham, Dora C 196 

Martin, Ida ( Shaw) 24 

McKay, Mary A 196 

Model Pasres in Chapter Secretary's Book 56 

Model Pages in Chapter Treasurer's Book 56 

Mu Chapter House 160 

Non-illustrated Trident Covers 56 

Official Badge (steel plate) 32 

Official Flag of Delta Delta Delta 40 

Official Pin Prior to 1900 40 

Olgen, Amy H 204 

Olson, Irene 200 

Omicron Chapter Group 160 

Omicron Chapter House 158 

Palmer, Elizabeth (Gibbs) 196 

Parmelee, Amy ( Olgen ) 204 

Phi Charter Group 174 

Phi Chapter Houses 174 

Pi Chapter Houses 168 

Pickford, Merle 204 

Pins, made by Wilbur-Lanphear Co 40 

Pond, Eleanor Dorcas 24 

Powers, Myra C 204 

Priddy, Bessie (Leach) Frontispiece, 200, 204 

Psi Charter Group 180 

Psi Chapter Rooms 180 

Ratterman, M. Katherine 204 

Rho Chapter Rooms 170 

Rhodes, Louise (Robinson) 200, 204 

Searle, Lucy 200 

Second Alpha Province Convention Group, (1898) 80 

Second Beta Province Convention Group, (1898) 80 

Second Illustrated Trident Cover 56 

Second National Convention Group (1894) 80 

Seventh National Convention Group, (1906) 80 

Shaw, Sarah Ida 24 

Sherburne, Annie L 196 

Sixth National Convention Group, (1904) 80 

Spencer, Carolyn 200 

Stationery Designs 40 

Stewart, Florence Isabelle 24 

Stillman, Clara F 200 

Stone, Harriet E 196 



14 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

FOLLOWING 
PAG* 

Tau Charter Group, (1904) 174 

The Parthenon, Boston University, (1888) 116 

The Parthenon, Boston University, (1907) 116 

The Way to Knox, Galesburg, 111 124 

Theta Chapter Rooms 140 

Third Alpha Province Convention Group, (1899) 80 

Trident Department Headings 56 

Trueblood, Estella 196, 200 

Tumbleson, Elizabeth 200 

University of California 168 

University of Mississippi 176 

Upsilon Chapter Room 154 

Whiting Hall, Galesburg, 111., (1904) 124 

Xi Chapter Rooms 164 

Zeta Chapter Picture 136 



Alpha of Delta Delta Delta 

FIRST TR1 DELTA POEM RECORDED 



Vena Written by Sarah Ida Shaw, '89. and Publi*hed November, 1891, in 
The Trident, Volume I , Number I . 



There was tumult in the ocean 

On a time some years ago, 

As the sea-god's heralds hastened 

On their errands to and fro; 

For the mighty god Poseidon 

Had sent forth a stern decree 

That his council should be gathered 

In his palace 'neath the sea. 

For his messenger had brought him 

From the blooming lands above, 

On Thanksgiving Eve a letter 

Full of greetings and of love, 

Which read somewhat as here follows 

"Dear Poseidon : We have heard 

Of your wisdom, of your greatness, 

Of your kindness. In a word, 

We would fain become your children, 

We would fain your subjects be. 

If you only would instruct us 

In that old Greek mystery 

Which has come adown the ages, 

From a time when men were wise. 

When they knew the heart of nature, 

Held communion with skies, 

And divined the hidden meaning 

Of each star whose constant light 

Was a beacon to the sailor 

As he journeyed in the night. 

We are only college maidens 

But we all desire to know 

Of these wonders. So expect us 

In your palace there below. 

Nine o'clock's the time for calling 

In this nation of the free, 

So expect us at the bell stroke. 

Yours, most truly, Anne A. B." 

Well, there was a grand reception, 

And a baqnuet and a — well, 

You will never be the wiser, 

For we promised not to tell. 

Only this, perhaps I'll mention, 

That the conclave of the sage 

Then unanimously voted : 

"Since the maidens were of age, 



(15) 



16 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Knew exactly what they wanted, 
Spoke the Greek with fluent grace, 
It were better, then, to put them 
With the wonders face to face, 
Lest, amid the strides of progress, 
An electric shock might come 
And destroy the sacred record, 
Not slowly one by one, 
But without a note of warning, 
As had happened once before, 
When a cablegram sent eastward 
Threw them senseless on the floor." 
And the great sea-dog assented : 
By his hand he led them forth 
To his temple great, majestic, 
On an island toward the north ; 
Here he showed them in the heavens 
Stars— the Alpha, Theta, Phi, 
And he told them of their power 
Over human destiny. 
And he gave them to their keeping, 
"Be ye wise," he said, "and know 
With these helpers ye shall conquer 
In your struggles here below. 
Take this Crescent, it shall guide you, 
And this Trident, it has power, — 
It will call me to your succor 
When the stormy clouds do lower; 
It shall still the troubled waters, 
All the clouds shall pass away, 
While the Stars and Crescent ever 
Shall come forth to show the way." 
Then he ceased; for o'er the waters 
Came his Tritons, bold and free, 
Bearing in their midst a casket 
Fraught with wondrous mystery. 
This he ope'd, and on a sudden 
All the place was filled with light, 
And the great Tritonic chorus 
Raised their voices in the night, 
Till the waves of ocean thundered 
'Mid the wondrous melody. 
"Once again," they sang exultant, 
"Once again, ye Deltas three, 
Have you come to bless the nations, 
Will you brighten every heart, 
From the one who bears your symbol, 
Joy shall nevermore depart." 
Then the maidens thanked Poseidon 
For the wondrous mystery, 
He entrusted to their keeping, 
In his temple by the sea, 
And in token of his kindness 
They now wear the Deltas three, 
With the Crescent and the Trident, 
And the Alpha Theta Phi. 



Sarah Tda Shaw, '89, Alpha. 



FOUNDING OF 
DELTA DELTA DELTA 



FOREWORD 

You are not asked, gentle reader, with noiseless tread and 
averted gaze, to wend an enquiring journey back into the mys- 
tic shadows, where the receding views of a pre-historic night re- 
veal but the border lines of myths and legends. Neither a knowl- 
edge of the Dyonisian Fraternity, discovered by the Greek when he 
journeyed from Attica to Asia Minor, nor of the Masonic broth- 
erhood, either building from the rifted rock a Solomon's Temple 
or from this ancient story a powerful modern order, are neces- 
sary to an understanding of the rise of the American College fra- 
ternity system. 

Neither is it necessary to go to the College of William & 
Mary, in Independence year, with its Phi Beta Kappa (Dec. 5, 
1776), whose key is now but an honorary badge; nor again to 
those who fifty years later at old Union copied that society 
(Kappa Alpha, 1825— Sigmi Phi, 1827, Delta Phi, 1827) : nor 
on the other hand, must it be attempted as is customary, to seek 
out from the existing list of thirty odd more or less successful 
men's societies some particular one in order to explain the origin 
and existence of Greek letter societies among American college 
women. 

The inherent desire of the entire race for congenial society, 
the loyalty typical of woman, and the innate love of culture and 
refinement characteristic of the student mind, male or female, 
offer in themselves sufficient explanation of the fact that, almost 
co-eval with the presence of woman in the colleges and univer- 
sities, these societies began to exist. 

Neither Eleusinian Rites, nor Rosicrucian Mysteries, nor 
the legends of Greek, Latin, Celt or Teuton were necessary for 
their inspiration and propagation. Their causes, their aims, and 
their results are for progress in social, material, intellectual and 
spiritual ways. It has made little difference whether the Kite or 

(17) 



18 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

the Key, the Arrow or the Anchor, or one of a half dozen or more 
other symbols have flashed a rival light to the brilliancy of the 
Stars and Crescent ; each band has met its failures and its suc- 
cesses as pilgrims to a common goal, a land of better conditions 
and better living for all. 

Environment. 

In the development of character, companions and environ 
ment are of prime importance and to well understand the origin 
and growth of Delta Delta Delta, the locating of her predecessors 
and rivals is not a superfluous task. Kappa Alpha Theta was 
founded at De Pauw University, Greencastle, Ind., Jan. 27, 1870 ; 
Kappa Kappa Gamma at Monmouth College, Monmouth, 111., 
Oct. 13, 1870 ; Alpha Phi, at Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. 
Y., Oct. 20, 1872 ; Delta Gamma at Louis School, Oxford, Miss., 
Jan. 2, 1874 ; Gamma Phi Beta at Syracuse University, Syracuse, 
N. Y., Nov. 11, 1874. All of these were preceded by the I. C. 
Sorosis founded April 28, 1867, at Monmouth College, Mon- 
mouth, 111., which added "Pi Beta Phi" to its name in 1883, 
and dropped "I. C." in 1888, and with that change remodeled its 
customs to conform with those of other Greek Letter societies. 
In the fall of 1888, the active chapter roll of these societies 
stood as follows: K A 15, K K r 21, A T 11, A $ 4,r $ B 
5 and I. C. Sorosis or n B <£ 13. 

Naturally as all of these societies had originated west of 
New England, some of them, as development came, began to 
turn covetous eyes toward those seats of learning located in that 
territory of acknowledged literary supremacy. Boston Univer- 
sity and Wellesley, the first, a champion of co-education, the sec- 
ond, a school for women alone, were classed by the general pub- 
lic as being as significant for women as Harvard for men. The 
co-educational school of first rank being the desirable field for 
the women's fraternities, the different societies had begun to 
here install their chapters. Kappa Kappa Gamma had entered 
Boston University in 1882, Alpha Phi in 1883 and Gamma Phi 
Beta in 1887. Although there was a good deal of anti-fraternity 
sentiment in college circles, even prominent people speaking 
against such organizations in chapel, these new chapters were 
soon prosperous and powerful and immediately took an import- 



SUGGESTION — REALIZATION. 19 

ant position in the work of their own national organizations. The 
chapter of Kappa Kappa Gamma, in particular, assumed and 
creditably filled a very authoritative position in the general soror- 
ity policy during the decade beginning with 1885. 

Thus, gradually, any spirit of opposition to the new order of 
affairs disappeared as the benefits of the system became obvious, 
and so in a field well prepared from without and within the seed 
was sown that blossomed ultimately into the suggestion for the 
founding of a new fraternity for women. 

Suggestion. 

Among the papers in the archives is a manuscript history of 
the organization of the first nineteen chapters of Delta Delta 
Delta, written by the first Grand Historian, one competent to tell 
of the origin of its Alpha Chapter. In this manuscript of Sarah 
Ida Shaw Martin, Alpha '89, are the following paragraphs : 

There were at Boston University in the fall of 1888, four Seniors, 
who for various reasons were not as yet allied with the three Greek Let- 
ter societies then at the college. These girls were among the best stu- 
dents, in the class of 1889. During the usual commotion attendant upon 
the rushing that fall, one of these four girls, disliking the general at- 
mosphere, said to her friend in deprecating the evident lack of good feel- 
ing, 'Let us found a society that shall be kind alike to all and think 
more of the girl's inner self and character than of her personal appear- 
ance.' The other acquiesced with much delight and so it came to pass 
that plans were laid that very day as the two friends sat in a quiet nook 
among the terra cotta cushions of the girls' study, known as "The Par- 
thenon.' 

These two friends and seniors were Sarah Ida Shaw and 
Eleanor Dorcas Pond, originators of the idea of founding Delta 
Delta Delta. From them emanated the rituals, constitutions and 
emblems, as hereafter related and they were the moving spirits 
in the organization of Alpha Chapter. 

Realization. 

Later in the manuscript of the first historian, is found : 

"I am afraid those two young hearts would have been very much 
discouraged had they realized at that time what an herculean task it was 
to start a national fraternity, but fortunately for their peace of mind, and 
for the future happiness of the hundreds who have already learned to 
love the name of Delta Delta Delta, the two enthusiastic friends were 
unaware of the fact that there was something stupendous about the task 
they had set hands, heads and hearts to accomplish. Thev were working 
for a principle, and it never occurred to them that there could be such a 



20 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

thine as failure. Earnestness of purpose, energy and enthusiasm had 
brought them both success in college, and why should not these same 
qualities bring assurance of good fortune to the new venture ? At all 
events they had faith in the power of these forces, and with light hearts 
turned their thoughts to the founding of a new fraternity. 

The selection of a name was perhaps a joint matter, the sug- 
gestion of the triple letter coming from Miss Pond, while the 
selection of the letter itself can perhaps best be attributed to 
Miss Shaw, who was the hard worker on Greek mottoes, pass 
words and emblems. 

In regard to these things, Dr. Mann (Eleanor Dorcas Pond) 
said, at Syracuse, 1906 : 

"Mrs. Martin (Sarah Ida Shaw) had a genius for those 
things. She was a fine Greek scholar, loved to delve in Egyptian 
lore and Hindoo mysticism and had a more than ordinary liking for as- 
tronomy. Consequently when it came to ritual, badges, emblems and 
constitutions, she worked out many plans alone, then we met, went over 
her labors together and together decided what should be chosen for 
Tri Delta." 

Mrs. Martin (Sarah Ida Shaw) writes much the same thing, 
saying : 

"I worked out scores of plans and appropriate possibilities 
in regard to mottoes, rituals and emblems but in each instance 
Miss Pond cast a deciding vote, I relying on her good taste 
and practical ability. The pin, in particular, one of my several 
designs, was her prtefertence. My ritual services, constitutions, 

etc., first evolved were much more elaborate than those actually 
used, considerable cutting being done to suit the taste of both Miss Pond 
and others of the early members." 

Returning to the aforementioned manuscript in regard to 

organization : 

"At last, all was finished on Tuesday, the third day of the week. 
Nov. 28, 1888, but there was one more meeting of the two friends on the 
following afternoon before they separated for the Thanksgiving recess, at 
the top of the college building, in what was then the Philological Li- 
brary. It was there that the two girls embraced each other and said 
'Tri-Delta is founded.' Hence it became customary to speak of Thanks- 
giving eve as the fraternity's birthday, because it was on that day that 
these two young people realized that all was in readiness. It was par- 
ticularly appropriate also that this fraternity, the first born on New 
England soil to be recognized as a national, should be connected at its 
founding with a typically New England feast. It is not strange that the 
hearts of these sponsors were full of emotion as together they went out 
of the college building, for each felt there were added reasons why her 
Thanksgiving should be a very happy one. When they came to the part- 
ing of the ways at the historic Boston Common, Miss Pond said, 'We 
can make the girls we initiate promise secrecy, but what shall hold us 
two?' So there in the shadow of the old Park Street Church with a 
bright new moon overhead and three brilliant stars near by, while count- 
less fainter ones gave promise of the mighty hosts that would one day 
be enrolled upon the fraternity's firmament, the two faithful friends 
clasped hands and said 'In the presence of these myriads of witnesses, I 



REALIZATION. 21 

swear eternal loyalty and fealty to Delta Delta Delta.' How well they have 
kept their vow there are many to testify, but how unstintingly they gave 
of their money, time and strength both before that night and since, will 
never be known. 

Still the work was not yet done, for after vacation came the task of 
gaining over other girls to the cause. Florence Stewart, of '89, soon 
consented, since her friendship for Miss Pond dated back to the time 
when both were classmates in the same high school. Isabelle Breed, how- 
ever, was not so easily secured, because from her observation up to this 
time she felt that fraternities were fundamentally wrong. It was only 
after the girls had told her enough to convince her of the lofty and noble 
Christian principles and aims of the society that she consented to join. 

Three girls were then secured from the junior class, one of them 
for so long the Trident editor, Emily F. Allen. Another was Mrs. Lotta 
A. W. Stevens, for years a teacher in the Coldwater (Mich.) High 
School, at that time doing special work at the University. The third 
junior pledge was Hattie Clinton MacNeil, who later became a President 
of Alpha Chapter ('89-'90). A sophomore, Marion Katherine Norris, 
grand-daughter of Mrs. Mary A. Livermore (a woman of national re- 
nown and an honorary member of Kappa Kappa Gamma), added some- 
thing of distinction. Four other sophomores were soon pledged, Mattie 
Ora Carter, Margaret Evelyn Emerson, Bertha Brackett and Alice 
Elizabeth Rich. Six others, Myrtle May Burdett, Hannah Jo- 
sephine Centre, Delia Alice Badger, Emily Stickney Clough, Grace Butler 
Gallison and Charlotte Elizabeth Joslin, followed, but since there was 
only a short time between the Thanksgiving recess and the Christmas 
holidays, the initiation was postponed until the new year. Soon after its 
advent came the longed-for pins. Isabelle Breed and Florence Stewart were 
hastily initiated in Prof. Bowne's lecture room, and the four seniors at- 
tended the next recitation with something shining on their breasts, with 
the result that there was much craning of necks and twisting of bodies 
to get a glimpse of the new society's pin. The next hour, the three 
juniors were hurried through in Prof. Buck's Greek room, and these 
seven withdrew to the home of Emily F. Allen, on Joy street, to make 
preparations for the more elaborate initiation of the other eleven. This 
was on Friday, January 15th, 1889, a memorable day in the annals of 
the fraternity, for on that day the first chapter was organized and the 
fraternity's life as an organization was begun. 

The following Monday, eighteen pins flashed light into the eyes of 
the other society people who were surprised at the size of the organiza- 
tion, for if they anticipated anything, they had expected only a weakling 
organization that would go under as soon as the seniors graduated. It 
was really a dangerous plan to try to assimilate so many individualities 
in so short a time, but for some inexplicable reason things ran very 
smoothly, and the meetings were a great success." 

Thus was the enterprise of a new fraternity for women to be 
known as Delta Delta Delta originated and formulated at Boston 
University, Thanksgiving Eve, 1888, by Sarah Ida Shaw and 
Eleanor Dorcas Pond, and with the assistance of their friends 
and classmates, Florence Stewart and Isabelle Breed, the com- 
plete Alpha Chapter of eighteen members was assembled, initiated 
and organized on January 15th, 1889. 



THE FOUNDERS AND 
THEIR AIM. 



First Members of Alpha Chapter 

As the child inherits the characteristics and tendencies of the 
parents, so must the trend of a society be influenced by the traits 
of its founders. A long dissertation on the personal characteris- 
tics of the organizers of Delta Delta Delta is not within the scope 
of the present volume. It has been attempted under Biographical 
Notes to give in a condensed form the chief events of their lives 
and it is the desire here to bring out merely those significant 
points that are necessary for a correct interpretation of the his- 
tory and growth hereafter recorded and to emphasize enough of 
the self-sacrifice, the labor and the enthusiasm of those early 
days to ensure from a rapidly growing society, lasting apprecia- 
tion of and honor for the builders to whose creation many have 
fallen heir. 

As originators of the idea of founding a new fraternity for 
women, Delta Delta Delta, the names of those two seniors who 
consulted together in "The Parthenon" of Boston University must 
of course come first, Sarah Ida Shaw and Eleanor Dorcas Pond. 
These two girls had not formed their friendship early in their col- 
lege course. Miss Shaw was a resident of Roxbury, Mass., was 
a hard student and devoted her spare time to the home circle and 
home society until her junior y^ar.*.',Miss Mann boarded in Bos- 
ton in order to attend the University and both girls having more 
time under elective work toward the last of their course naturally 
sought congenial society. The tendency of Miss Shaw to work 
-out elaborate details and to study and investigate the unusual 
subjects found its complement in the practical, clear insight and 
cheery personality of her friend. Thus the two were well fitted 
to originate and develop the movement together. 

To Sarah Ida Shaw Martin must be given the credit of perse- 
vering and untiring labor for the good of the society through all 
the years which have succeeded. Her interest has been such that 
no labor has been deemed too great. The entire list of early 
-chapters find her hand writing throughout their correspondence 

(22) 



FOUNDERS AND THEIR AIMS. 23- 

files and as student, teacher or home maker her ever present in- 
terest has been Tri Delta. 

Dr. Mann (Miss Pond), while deprecating having to give 
the necessary data for the biographical notes, as sounding too 
much of the "ego," with her usual modesty, writes : 

"Mrs. Martin (Miss Shaw) has of course done much more for the 
fraternity since B. U. days than I, for I have been busy in another field, 
but I always have the Delta girls with me in heart, wherever I am." 

Notwithstanding her busy life, outlined elsewhere, Dr. 
Mann, after the college days of loyal endeavor were over, found 
time to organize the Chicago Alliance (1896), was watching the 
New York field while there for a propitious inauguration of an 
other and is and has always been ready with interest and love to 
labor whenever opportunity offered. 

Mrs. Martin (Miss Shaw), although for years a very suc- 
cessful teacher, found time to give strict attention to the develop- 
ment of Tri Delta in each slightest detail asked of her. The 
Gamma delegate to the Woman's Pan-Hellenic ('89) traveled to 
Meriden, Conn, (where Mrs. Martin was teaching), anxious, 
having attended the Alpha Chapter Conference on Trident and 
other matters, to talk over everything with her, as Grand Presi- 
dent. She found her a scholarly woman, bright, full-hearted, 
eager for work. Although denied the privilege of attending the 
first two conventions, Mrs. Martin was present in 1897 and 1900, 
holding grand offices at those times. To-day she is exceptionally 
interested in fraternity problems and in educational subjects in 
general. Almost her whole time for the last few years has been 
given to the compiling of "The Sorority Hand-Book," which has 
just been published. Perhaps the distinguishing mark of her 
mentality might be said to be an unusual talent for detail and an 
appreciation of symbolism, color and form. Her creed has been 
that Tri Delta should be one of the strongest, if not the strongest, 
influence for good in a college girl's life. 

Dr. Mann has led an active, busy life. Her profession and 
the profession of her husband have caused many changes of resi- 
dence, but these changes in themselves have been an education as 
their homes have been made in the larger cities and here her work 
has been found. Although a founder of Tri Delta, she attended 
her first convention at Syracuse, N. Y., the Seventh National, 
1906. There facing the encircling square of the banquet tables, 
she looked into one hundred and seventy-five faces, representa- 



24 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

tives of a society fifteen hundred strong, and upon request re- 
peated something of the story of the founding of Delta Delta 
Delta, and perhaps for the first time fully realized how great a 
momentum the movement had gained to which eighteen years be- 
fore, in her girlhood days at Boston University, she had been a 
partner in giving it first impetus. Bright, unaffected, capable, 
successful, she was a present witness to each delegate of how 
good a thing it has been for Delta Delta Delta that from the first 
to the last, from the women on whose golden locks the finger of 
time has begun its tracery of silver to the newest pledge, all 
have remaired to watch and to work. 

To the worth and loyalty of the two other senior girls, 
Florence Stuart and Isabelle Breed, first allies in organizing the 
new society, the success of the enterprise testified. 

Especially noteworthy was the work of Emily F. Allen, one 
of the junior trio next chosen. Her nine years of service as 
Editor-in-Chief of the Trident were productive of more than 
the successful establishment of the magazine. Among her early 
editorials is found ever that careful conservatism which is so val- 
uable when working hand in hand with progressive ideas. She 
strongly advocated always, sound intensive development, strong 
alumnae obligations and among her earliest editorials, she ad- 
vocated regular examinations, certificates of membership and uni- 
fied report systems, all of which have since been adopted. 

Associated with Miss Shaw in the active work of Chapter ex- 
tension was Charlotte E. Joslin, Alpha, A. B. '92, A. M. '96, a girl 
of energy, enthusiasm and intense loyalty. As one of the early 
Grand Secretaries, much of the important work of the formative 
period fell upon her and no task that she could find to do was 
left undone. Miss Joslin, recognizing the need of keeping in 
touch with the members who had left college, in 1894 compiled a 
complete list of members, with address of each. She also secured 
material for three later directories published in 1895, 1896, 1897. 

Until 1897 practically all the work of extension was done 
from Alpha Chapter through its founders, alumnae, and its 
chapter organization excepting as other chapters, alert and watch 
ful. passed on to them suggestions of opportunities which came 
to them. In the Trident Table of Contents, Business Manager 
lists, and in the Grand Council lists more explicit record of the 
routine work of these early members will be found. 

The first six charters were signed by Sarah Ida Shaw, as 





& 2 







~ 












1 
1 

1 



Sarah Ida Shaw, A 
(Grand President, 1888-1893.) 




Dr. Eleanor (Pond) Mann, A. 




Florence Isabelle Stewart, A (1907). 




Ida (Shaw) Martin, A. (1907). 




Dr. Eleanor (Pond) Mann. (1907) 



TRIALS OF ALPHA. 25 

Grand President and in most cases by the other three Grand 
Trustees, (under Grand Chapter ruling.) 

Space forbids much of detail. The girls of Alpha have left a 
record that needs no words to interpret it. Most of them fine 
students, some of them exceptionally so, earnest in purpose, 
zealous in labor, and loyal, both then and now, the result of their 
endeavors is their highest and only necessary enconium. 

At various meetings during the year 1889, the following 
girls were initiated, Bertha Lee Gardner, Maud Eliza Muzzy, 
Blanche Ellen Seaver, Carrie Usher Tanner and Clara Grace 
Ayres, Sophomores ; Nettie Louisa Buckland, Mary Elizabeth 
Cochran, Etta lone Ferry, Christine Evelyn Jansson, Edith 
Knowles, Susie Ida Sayre, Flora Mandane Smith, thus raising the 
first year chapter (to Nov. 22, 1889) to thirty-one. 

The records of the early meetings show decisions on matters 
of symbolism and constitution which having been left open 
questions were discussed and voted upon by the chapter as a 
whole. The records reveal a quiet, level headed, steady progress, a 
simplicity that made no flaunting of the project under way and 
yet a breadth of insight and judgment that measured pretty ac- 
curately the task to which they had bent their energies. 

There is a quiet dignity about even their simplest reports, a 
quaint and perhaps only partial appreciation of what these rec- 
ords meant, that the motions and opinions therein recorded were 
in reality the completion of the task begun in the early fall of 
1888, the organizing of a new fraternity for women. 

In short, both the early members of Alpha and the charter 
members of the older chapters may all be looked upon as in a 
measure, founders of Tri Delta. By their labors and their suc- 
cesses the development of Delta Delta Delta was made possible. 

Trials of Alpha 

External rivalry and opposition to a new society were to be 
expected. The audacity of the attempt created astonishment and 
even their kindliest friends burdened them with well-meant advice 
to "give it up" and apply for a charter in some of the established 
sororities. They were well provided with the periodicals of such 
societies, their rivals even contributing a good supply. They 
quietly read all that was offered and as quietly continued to work 
out their own plans. But neither their newness nor their finan- 
cial burdens were their worst trial. A variety of opinions exist- 



26 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

ed (within the Chapter) as to what kind of a society they had 
really formed. Some wanted it "secret" like their rivals and a 
few "semi-secret", while others wanted it "open", either with a 
theory of better opposition to their rivals or as "a matter of con- 
science". Those who wanted it semi-secret favored secret rituals 
and open meetings but when their suggestion was adopted and 
two or three open meetings held, they soon concluded that they 
did not care to try to prepare accommodations for all who might 
come. Among those who desired an "open society" were many 
who favored the Delta Upsilon plan and desired to make Tri- 
Delta an example of that plan among the women's fraternities. 
"But soon invitations from other sororities began to come in, 
causing some resignations and a general feeling of uneasiness 
and all were speedily convinced that permanence could only be 
assured by being 'secret' like their rivals." A recent letter from 
Mrs. Martin, giving the outlines of this trying period, follows 
the sentence quoted above with one saying : "During all this try- 
ing season, Miss Pond worked loyally, hand in hand, with me 
and gradually the elements of uncertainty disappeared and suc- 
cess began to crown the efforts of the new chapter." 

Success of Alpha 

That a society of so few members should grant three other 
charters to far distant groups in its first year of existence was 
somewhat unusual. Fourteen girls returned to school in the fall 
of '89, but on initiation day nine others donned the Stars and 
Crescent and the continued existence of Alpha Chapter of Delta 
Delta Delta was insured. 

The Aim 

During the eighteen years which have followed, through 

five convention revisions of the Constitution, "The Aim" of the 

fraternity as written by its founders has remained unchanged. 

"The aim of this fraternity shall be to establish a perpetual bond of 
friendship among the members, to develop a stronger and more wom- 
anly character, to broaden the moral and intellectual life, and to ma- 
terially assist its members in every possible way." 

Not out of character to follow this are the words of the 

present Grand President, Amy Olgen Parmelee, who in closing 

a recent communication says: "Let the chapter life cultivate in 

each member accuracy, promptness, business ability, reliability 

and justice." 



EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS 
OF ALPHA CHAPTER 

First Meeting of Delta Delta Delta. 

Boston, Jan. 15, 1889. 

The first regular meeting of the Tri-Delta society was held at its 
club rooms on the above named date. At a previous business meeting 
the following officers were elected. 

President — Miss Sarah I. Shaw. 

Vice President — Miss Eleanor D. Pond. 

Chaplain — Miss Isabel Breed. 

Librarian — Miss Flora Stewart. 

Corresponding Secretary — Miss Emily Allen. 

Recording Secretary — Miss Mattie O. Carter. 

Treasurer — Miss Margaret E. Emerson. 

The meeting was called to order by the President. The following 
persons were initiated: '90, Mrs. Lotta Stevens; '91, Mattie O. Carter, 
Margaret E. Emerson, Alice Rich, Bertha Brackett; '92, Myrtie Burdett, 
Josephine Centre, Delia Badger, Emily Clough, Grace Gallison. Charlotte 
Joslin. 

Prayer offered by the chaplain. Supper then served. Toast Mistress. 
Eleanor Pond. Toasts responded to bv Sarah Shaw. "Future Glory of 
Tri-Delta;" Flora Stuart, '89, Clinton " MacNeil, '90, Mattie Carter. '91. 
Delia Badger, '92. An entertainment committee appointed hv the Presi- 
dent, comprising Eleanor Pond, Mrs. Lotta Stevens, Al : ce Rich and Delia 
Badger. The meeting adjourned. 

Mattte O. Carter, Secretary. 

(The peculiar thing about this is that some were appointed to office before ini- 
tiations. — B. L. P.) 

First Honorary Members. 

Boston, Jan. 18, 1899. 

Special meeting called by the President Marion K. Norris admitted 
to the society. Prayer offered by the Chaplain. Moved and seconded that 
the three honorary members comprise Mrs. Dean Huntington, Mrs. Prof. 
Buck, Mrs. Prof. Bowne.* 

Adjourned. M. O. Carter, Secretary. 

*The terms Mrs. Dean and Mrs. Prof, are of course questionable. Dean 
Huntington is now President of the University. Alpha still has the same honorary 
members. — B. L. P. 

First Record of Formal Recognition. 

Boston, Jan. 18, 1889. 
Special meeting called in room 15, B. U. Nine members present. 
Meeting called to order by President. Letters of congratulation from 
B IT and r <£ B societies read by President Voted to send acknowl- 
edgements to the same. Letter also read from Miss Sarah Hobson, '87. 

(27) 



28 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

of B. U. Medical School, inviting AAA and others of the college to a 
lecture, "How shall we meet college duties?" given by herself at 2 p. m., 
Feb. 1, in Claflin Room. Voted to hold fortnightly meetings, and for this 
purpose rent a room on Joy street, the weekly assessment to each member 
to be $ — Adjourned. 

Myrtie M. Burdett, Secretary Pro Tern. 

Record of an "Open" Meeting. 

Boston, Feb. 15, 1889. 

A meeting of Tri Delta held at the Club Room. Called to order by 
President. Sixteen members present and four visitors. Review of the 
week from facts in the daily papers, by Delia Badger. Remainder of the 
time spent on Helen Hunt Jackson ; short account of her life given by 
Belle Breed, her principal work "Ramona" elaborately and entertainingly 
given by Alice Rich. A poem, "My Legacy," Emily Clough. 

Entertainment committee for March appointed by President, as fol- 
lows : Flora Stuart, Emily Allen, Margaret Emerson and Grace Gallison. 
For April, Eleanor Pond, Josephine Centre, Marion Norris and Clinton 
MacNeil. Meeting adjourned. 

M. O. Carter, Secretary. 

Record of Miss Bued's Initiation. 

Mar. 7. 1889. 

A special initiation of Tri-Delta held at the home of one of its mem- 
bers, Mattie O. Carter, 195 Walnut St., Chelsea. Thirteen present. Four 
added to our number : Etta May Budd, of Ames, Iowa ; Bertha Gardner ; 
Maud Muzzy; Blanche Seaver. Refreshments served and pleasant time 
to all. 

M. O. Carter, Secretary. 

Under record of May 15, 1889.. is the following note (added thought 
for remembrance "Miss Budd left Boston for the west at six o'clock.") 

First Record of Social Event. 

Boston, March 26, '89. 

Boston University Chapel. 4 o'clock, of the above named date. Under 
the auspices of Tri Delta, a lecture delivered bv Rev. Charles Lee, of 
Charlestown. Subject, "A Midsummer Night's Dream." About 60 per- 
sons present. 

M. O. Carter., Secretary. 

The Fore-Runner of the Trident. 

Boston, April 2, '89. 

At the club room a meeting of Tri-Delta was called. Fourteen mem- 
bers present. President in chair. The following business transacted: 

Moved and seconded that the Corresponding Secretary send a vote of 
thanks to the Rev. Charles Lee for his kindness in .favoring us with a 
lecture. Carried. 

That an Editor in Chief for a paper, to be issued by the society, be 
elected by us, as an association, but not be incorporated in the constitu- 
tion as an officer. Carried. 

That the officer be elected April 16, at the regular election, to hold 
office until regular election of officers in the following year. Carried. 



EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS OF ALPHA CHAPTER. 2 ( > 

That the Business Manager of said paper be elected by the Association 
and that the Associate Editor be left to the Editor in Chief, also to be 
appointed April 16. Carried. 

That an assessment of $ — be levied on each member of the society. 
Carried. 

That a Historian be appointed and incorporated in the constitution 
to write up a history and keep account of all notices in the "Beacon," 
daily papers, etc., and that a note book be procured for the same. Carried. 

That this officer be incorporated among the regular officers at the 
regular election. Carried. 

Election of Officers for '89-'90. 

Founders Made Trustees. 

Work on Ritual, Etc. 

April 16, '89. 
A regular meeting of Tri-Delta held at the Club Room. Nineteen 
members present. Records read and approved. Election of officers for 
coming year, as follows : 

President — Clinton MacNeil. 

Vice President — Mrs. Lotta Stevens. 

Librarian — Marion Norris. 

Corresponding Secretary — Bertha Brackett. 

Recording Secretary Blanche Seaver. 

Chaplain — Mattie Carter. 

Treasurer — Maud Muzzy. 

Historian — Delia Badger. 

Editor in Chief — Emily Allen. 

Business Manager — Margaret Emerson. 

Assistant Editors, chosen by Business Manager and Editor in Chief — 
Alice Rich and Emily Clough. 

Moved and seconded that a freshman program be given at the next 
meeting by the freshmen themselves resolved into a committee. Carried. 
That inasmuch as the founders of the society were four in number, 
they be considered as Trustees of the society. 

Trustees — Sarah Shaw, Nellie Pond, Belle Breed, Flora Stewart. 

Carried. 

That Poseidon be the god and his trident the future symbol of the 
society. Carried. 

That a committee of three be appointed by the chair to investigate in 
regard to flowers to be found all the year round for favorite flower, Clin- 
ton MacNeil, Delia Badger, Mattie Carter appointed. Carried. 

That President appoint a committee for the pledge. Carried. 

Adjourned. 

M. O. Carter, Secretary. 

First Record of Charter Grant. 

Boston, May 15, '89. 
A special meeting of the Tri-Delta society was held at the rooms of 
Emily Allen. President in chair. Voted to accept a society of Simpson 
College, Indianola, Iowa, as a chapter of Tri-Delta. Also voted to leave 
the trident with A on it as our chapter pin. Adjourned. 

M. O. Carter, Secretary. 

Additional Notes Taken From Minutes of Alpha. 

In records of Nov. 6, '89, a committee was appointed to select a token 



30 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

of remembrance for the Grand President. First use of this name. Dec. 
4, address by Grand President. (Always understood this to be Mrs. Mar- 
tin (Miss Shaw), though there is no record of such an office or appoint- 
ment). 

In records quoted, the word society is always used. Oct. 1889, there 
is found, "Alpha Chapter of Delta Delta Delta," and in the record of 
April 20, 1891, the important motions moved and carried that a fraternity 
paper, called "The Trident" be published in the fall of '91. Moved and 
carried that the paper be published Nov. 27, February and May. 

Moved and carried that Emily F. Allen, Alpha Chapter, be Editor in 
Chief, and her staff one member from each chapter of the fraternity and 
one from the alumnae. 

Moved and carried that the different departments of the paper have 
pretty and appropriate names. 

Moved and carried that Grace Ayres and Charlotte Joslin be busi- 
ness managers. 

Moved and carried that the Board of Officers be called by Greek 
names. 

Following departments of paper decided upon : Editorials, Shooting 
Stars, etc. 

Moved and carried that price of paper be $1.00 per year. 

N. B. — This was the report of that meeting which was held immedi- 
ately after the Woman's Pan-Hellenic Convention which had been called 
to meet in Boston by Kappa Kappa Gamma. Three delegates being re- 
quired from each sorority. Alpha Chapter had assembled with one of 
its own number, one each from Gamma and Delta (Deuteron) Chapters 
as their representatives. Advantage was taken of this and the first Inter- 
Chapter Conference of Tri-Delta called, resulting as the minutes relate. 
This meeting was held in the parsonage of the People's Church, opposite 
the Youth's Companion Building (then under construction) corner of 
Columbus Ave. and Berkeley St. The majority of the out of town mem- 
bers of Delta Delta Delta then roomed in this building and were as 
closely associated as in a chapter house. B. L. P. 

In a later record is found: 

"On Wednesday, Nov. 25, '91, the first number of the Trident ap- 
peared in its dainty cover of gold, silver and blue. It contains 34 pages of 
interesting matter, including articles by members of various chapters, 
alumnae notes and letters from all the chapters. It certainly is a very 
creditable production, showing the careful and diligent work of the edi- 
tors and business managers and it fully merits our warm admiration and 
praise." 

Charter Inquiries. 

March 11, 1891. 

"Corresponding Secretary reported letter received from Cornell in- 
auiring for information with respect to forming a chanter at that college. 
A letter also received from St. Lawrence University, Canton, N. Y." 

April 9, 1891. 
"Corresponding Secretary reported from the letters received from 
Cornell with regard to forming a chapter of the fraternity and from Knox 
and Adrian, concerning: delegates for the convention. Discussion con- 
cerning Convention." (Pan-Hellenic convention, Boston, April 15, 16, 17.) 

Jewelers. 

April 20, 1891. 
"With regard to jewelry and stationery, Philadelphia, Chicago and 
Boston were made headquarters for stationery, and Boston, Chicago. 
Philadelphia, Ithaca, Syracuse and San Francisco for jewelry." 



EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS OF ALPHA CHAPTER. 31 

Records of First Convention. 

March 30, 1892. 
"A letter was read from E Chapter of A A A extending an invitation 
to A Chapter to hold the convention of A A A at Galesburg, 111." 

First Alumnae Alliance. 

Boston, Sept. 23, 1£92. 
In records of this meeting is recorded that the alumnae of A A A 
had formed an association to be called "The Alpha Alliance of A A A." 
The purpose of this association was to keep the alumnae in touch with the 
active members of the fraternity. 

A New Chapter. 

Jan. 31, 1893. 
"A letter from our Grand President was read concerning the found- 
ing of a new chapter in Vermont University." 

Installation Delegate. 

Feb. 21, 1893. 
"Moved and seconded that a delegate from A Chapter be sent to Ver- 
mont, the journey to be paid for by an assessment of fifty cents on each 
member of Alpha." 

First Convention Again. 

April 5, 1893. 
"The following committee was appointed to look up fares, trains, ac- 
commodations, etc., to Galesburg." 

April 12, 1893. 

"A letter read from our Grand President relative to the Convention." 

June 8, 1893. 
"Our new president gave a brief account of the proceedings of the 
Convention." 

"Moved and carried that the record of the convention be printed and 
distributed instead of the June number of the Trident. 

"According to modifications of the original constitution, modifications 
that came about as the result of Miss Budd's initiation, the word 'Trustees' 
was used to designate the body now called Grand Council." — Extract from 
letter of Ida Shaw Martin. 



DEVELOPMENT. 



First Chapter Admitted 

To develop and extend a new society along wise, successful 
and safe lines is indeed a greater task than to found one. The 
history of chapter extension in all the Greek letter societies 
passes through the various phases that may be termed aggres- 
sive, progressive, conservative and ultra-conservative, which last 
phase graduates, sometimes involuntarily, to complete stagna- 
tion. The order in which these phases are experienced in the 
different societies varies much and it is useless to try to judge 
under which any have labored or have yet to enter. To denom- 
inate the periods of extension in any way would run the danger 
of arousing the only differences of opinion that have ever pro- 
duced a suspicion of discordant feeling in Tri Delta history. But 
a brief outline of extension is attempted here as both the follow- 
ing chapters of the general history, the histories of the individ- 
ual chapters and alliances and parts of the statistical pages are all 
really contributions to this subject. 

For the earliest extensions the manuscript of the first his- 
torian is best authority. 

"It happened that one of the first set of freshmen initiates, 
Josephine Center, boarded at the Young Woman's Christian As- 
sociation, where her pin attracted the attention of Miss Etta May 
Budd, B. S., '82, Iowa State College, who was taking a course in 
painting at the Boston Art Museum. This young lady had 
founded a society, U. D. T., at her Alma Mater, and had inten- 
tions of spreading the same throughout the world. She had al- 
ready opened a correspondence with several colleges, among 
them Simpson, where a local L. F. V. by name, existed, which 
had pledged itself to join her society. Miss Budd requested an 
interview with the leading spirits in Tri Delta with a view to ne- 
gotiating about forming a chapter of her own society, but it did 
not seem wise to the Boston University girls to do this, since the 
Iowa College was not well known. After prolonged discussion, 
a coalition was formed and some things in the constitution of 

(32) 




CXFXXOGft TlSO SBT 

Dezjtj* ZmLra Uel-TB Fj*jitE¥W1ty 



NAMING OF CHAPTERS. 33 

Miss Budd's society were incorporated in that of Tri-Delta, not- 
ably those portions referring to the Commissioner of Education, 
the provinces and the arrangement for chapters in Canada and 
England. Miss Budd was accordingly initiated at the same 
time that the last quota of freshmen was added to the list (Mar. 
7, '89), but as she did not intend to return to the west until 
summer, it was decided to postpone the initiation of the two 
chapters in Iowa until that time. The L. F. V. society, how- 
ever, was unwilling to wait, for it was customary at Simpson 
College to pledge preparatory students in the spring term, and 
as they had three rivals, I. C (later Pi Beta Phi), Kappa Alpha 
Theta and Kappa Kappa Gamma, they felt their prospects would 
be better if they could be initiated immediately. Unfortunately 
none of the upper class girls at Boston University could go, so 
after much discussion, it was voted to grant the charter without 
delay, sending some of the documents through the mail and giv- 
ing others to Miss Budd to take later. 

Since the society was now in truth a fraternity, it became 
necessary to have a guard or chapter pin and the Trident was 
selected as the most satisfactory. Never since that time have 
such massive Tridents held sway over the hearts that beat be- 
neath them but they served their purpose well on that occasion 
for they excited unbounded curiosity and questions rained thick 
and fast until the answer came, 'We are a National Fraternity.' 

Naming of Chapters 

Miss Budd had asked for the letter Delta, and Delta Deut- 
eron was therefore given to the chapter at Simpson College, in 
accordance with a system of naming previously agreed upon. 
This arrangement gave one letter of the alphabet to each state, 
to be borne by the first chapter in the state, while the second was 
to be known as the Deuteron, and the third as the Triteron of 
this letter. Accordingly the charters were granted, Delta to 
Iowa State Agricultural College at Ames, Iowa, and Delta Deut- 
eron to Simpson College, at Indianola, Iowa. The chapter at 
Simpson, contrary to expectation, was initiated first, but the 
charters remained unchanged, for it was deemed best in defer- 
ence to Miss Budd to let her chapter have the honor of being first 
in the state, since its charter was granted before the one at 
Simpson." 



34. HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

N. B. — Later conventions simplified this naming system by adher- 
ing as closely as possible to an alphabetical order, and upon the exhaus- 
tion of the alphabet the plan of making a combination of the letter of the 
nearest chapter with some other letter has been adopted. — B. L. P. 

Chapter Extension 

By reference to chapter histories it will be seen that al- 
though the initiation of the Delta Chapter above mentioned oc- 
curred in June, 1890, some fifteen girls being initiated or 
pledged (among the pledged members was Flora Wilson, 
daughter of Secretary Wilson), this chapter never really organ 
ized as the faculty passed stringent anti-fraternity rules before 
college opened in the fall. Consequently the third chapter to be 
added to the roll was really Epsilon, (1889) of Knox College, 
Galesburg, 111., and the fourth, Gamma of Adrian College, Adrian, 
Mich. (1890). Beta, St. Lawrence University, Canton, N. Y., 
came into the fold Dec. 24, 1891 ; Zeta, University of Cincinnati, 
was added in 1892, and in 1893, Eta, University of Vermont, was 
added just prior to the calling of the first national convention, at 
Galesburg, 111. In this day of patronage of the greater univer- 
sities, it is something of a note-worthy fact that although Delta 
Delta Delta was founded in one of the larger schools, the Alpha 
Chapter had as its loyal supporters through a considerable por- 
tion of the formative years, its four oldest chapters in schools 
generally known as "the smaller colleges." These, however, were 
long established schools of good collegiate rank with other well 
established Greek letter societies, and the work that these 
chapters were able to do for their fraternity speaks louder than 
words for the quality and character of these student bodies. Used 
to long endeavor, patient of result and steadfast in purpose, 
they were perhaps peculiarly qualified to aid in a new enterprise. 
An article in the Reviezv of Reviews, Sept, 1892, says: "The 
principal task of our American Colleges is to make men" and it 
might be said in regard to the extension of Tri-Delta, that while 
since those early days it has not been the policy to enter the 
smaller colleges, nevertheless Tri Delta has recognized that its 
chief responsibility is to select noble women and where these are 
fostered Tri Delta is proud tc remain. 

In 1894 Theta was placed at the University of Minnesota, 
(Minneapolis), Kappa at the University of Nebraska (Lincoln), 
and Iota at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor). The 



ALUMNAE ALLIANCES. 35 

latter was perhaps the one unfortunate experience in chapter ex- 
tension, the rank of the school blinding distant executives as to a 
necessity for very thorough local investigations. This charter 
was loyally surrendered (1900) by the chapter itself, devotion 
to the welfare of the general fraternity convincing them of the 
wisdom of such a course. In 1895, Lambda was chartered at 
Baker University, Baldwin, Kansas, Sigma at Wesleyan Univer- 
sity, Middletown, Conn., and Upsilon at Northwestern Univer- 
sity, Evanston, 111. The next year, 1896, gave two more, Nu, 
Ohio State University, Columbus, O., and Omicron, Syracuse 
University, Syracuse, N. Y. In 1898, Mu Chapter was installed 
in the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis., and Xi at the 
Woman's College of Baltimore, Md. But one chapter was ad- 
mitted in 1900, Pi in the University of California, Berkley, Cal. 
Three years later, 1903, Rho was installed in Barnard College, 
Columbia University, New York City, and in 1904 four chapters 
were admitted, some of which had had petitions pending for 
more than two years. These chapters were Tau at Bucknell 
University, Lewisburg, Pa. ; Phi, University of Iowa, Iowa City : 
Chi, University of Mississippi, Oxford, Miss., and Psi, Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. In 1905 there was a 
return to the first letter of the alphabet, for the youngest chap- 
ter, situated at Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, 
Va., Alpha Xi. 

Alumnae Alliances 

The Alumnae Association movement has met with the great- 
est success and swiftest progress among the women's fraterni- 
ties. Pi Beta Phi was the first to start such an idea when in 
1881, as the I. C. Sorosis, thirteen years after founding, 
she began the establishment of Alumnae Chapters. Several 
changes in her plans of alumnae organizations have been made. In 
1889, seventeen years after founding, Alpha Phi organized its 
first two Alumnae Chapters. Delta Gamma took up the idea at 
about the same time. Kappa Kappa Gamma opened one on a some- 
what indefinite plan in 1892, twenty-two years after founding, 
which existed until 1896. After this their present plan was taken up 
and officially recognized in 1901-1902. Eighteen years after 
founding, that is in 1892, Gamma Phi Beta began this work. In 
1893, Kappa Alpha Theta organized its first Alumnae Chapter 
and Chi Omega organized its first one in 1900. 



36 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Delta Delta Delta, founded 1888, made provision from the 
first for the founding of Alumnae Chapters or Alliances as they 
are called. But four classes had graduated from Alpha Chap- 
ter, when its Alliance was formed, August 29, 1892. The first 
election of officers is reported in the Trident (Vol. II, No. 1) as 
follows: Pres. — Clara Grace Ayres, of Baltimore; V. Pres. — 
Bertha Lee Gardner, of Washington, D. C. ; Sec. and Treas. — 
Emily Frances Allen, of Boston, Mass. 

They were all busy women but found time to strengthen and 
broaden the alliance movement. Miss Gardner was the first 
Alumnae Department Editor of the Trident. The Third Degree 
ritual although previously prepared was not used until 1895, 
when a class of eight Alpha seniors was initiated. The number 
of alumnae being small and scattered, after the second meeting 
of Alpha Alliance, June 8, 1893, it was decided to reserve all 
important business for an annual meeting following Com- 
mencement each year, but by 1897, the present system of regular 
monthly meetings was in full operation. The first two alumnae 
to receive the third degree, outside of Alpha Chapter, were two 
Lambda girls who were visiting in Boston, Anna M. Hair and 
Mrs. Mary Murray Hair. They were made Circle Degree mem- 
bers, July 19, 1895. Mary Chadbourne Smith, Theta, also re- 
ceived the third degree at this time. 

Epsilon was the next chapter to follow in alliance organiza- 
tion, then the Chicago Alliance was organized by one of Tri 
Delta's founders, Dr. Eleanor Pond Mann, in 1898. The others 
to the number of sixteen have followed in rapid succession, as 
appears hereinafter in detail. 

Although the youngest of the seven stronger national soror- 
ities, Delta Delta Delta was of the first, perhaps the first, to work 
out and perfect the Alumnae Association system. 

Delta Delta Delta was the first sorority to make an allied and 
influential place for Alumnae and the third degree, known as the 
Circle or Alliance Degree, is a distinctive feature. One of the 
impressive features of a Tri Delta Convention is the combin- 
ation of graduate and under-graduate work. 

Alumnae alliances were planned by the founders in 1888 and 
were sanctioned and further provided for by the First National 
Convention (1893). 



IN OTHER LINES. ' 37 

At the second (1894) and third (1897) National Conven- 
tions of Delta Delta Delta, the Alumnae Alliance Delegates 
worked not only with the main body but were given equal powers 
with the official delegates of the active chapters. It was felt 
better work could b? done by tha alliances if a firmer organi- 
zation could be accomplished and National Sessions of Delta 
Delta Delta Alumnae Alliances were undertaken in 1898. 

In Other Lines 

As late as 1880 but six men's fraternity magazines were in 
operation. But one sorority exceeds Delta Delta Delta in the 
number of volumes of magazines published, by anything more 
than a very few numbers, although four of the other sororities 
preceded Delta Delta Delta by from sixteen to twenty-one years 
in organization. Delta Delta Delta took up the publication of 
the Trident when there were but four active Chapters, issued the 
first number on her third birthday and has not only continued it 
without interruption but has placed it on a paying basis. The 
convention of 1906 authorized the publication of a private bulle- 
tin "The Triton," which has just completed No. 1 of Vol II. Sig- 
ma Chi brought out something of the kind for awhile but the first 
regularly issued private bulletin among men's fraternities was 
"The Hustler" of Sigma Alpha Epsilon, 1892. As far as known but 
one other sorority, Chi Omega, publishes a secret magazine, three 
numbers of which have been issued. It is called "The Mysta- 
gogue." 

The following chapters trace the history out in its respec- 
tive sections under the heads of Government, Finances, Visiting 
Delegate, Publications, Conventions, Intec-Sorority Events, 
Chapter Histories and Alliance Histories. In statistical pages 
will be found a chronological outline and various charts and 
tables indicative of the progress of Delta Delta Delta and useful 
for reference on general sorority subjects. 

Explanatory Note. — In the foregoing pages, besides the verbatim 
quotations, many facts have been taken from the manuscript of the first 
Grand Historian and also much of her data has been made use of in the 
paragraphs on the organization of the different chapters. Baird's Manual 
of American College Fraternities, (1905), Walter B. Palmer's History of 
Phi Delta Theta (1905), The History of Sigma Alpha Epsilon (1893) and 
Kanna's Record (1903) have been freely used as reference books through- 
out the work. If in citing data of other fraternities or sororities any 
mistakes have been made, they are errors of information rather than 
those of intention. — B. L. P. 



DEGREES AND INSIGNIA 






Degrees 

Delta Delta Delta is distinguished by being a fraternity 
with three distinct degrees. 

I. The Trident Degree is a formal degree administered at 
the time of pledging and is perhaps as dignified and binding as 
anything in Pan-Hellenism. 

II. The Stars and Crescent Degree is the regular collegiate 
chapter degree with its A A A, A A A and A © $ mot- 
toes. 

III. The Circle or Alumnae Alliance Degree is also a part 
of formal ritual work and is known as the Graduate Degree. It 
can only be administered to those having taken the Trident and 
Stars and Crescent Degree. 

Insignia 

BADGES. 

The official badge of the First or Trident Degree has been 
authorized as a Trident of silver and is known as the pledge pin. 
It bears the chapter letter and may be worn as a guard with the 
second degree badge. 

The badge of the Second Degree is described as consisting 
of three stars within a Crescent of three hundred degrees, bearing 
three Deltas. This is the college emblem and is recognized as the 
pre-eminent symbol. 

The badge of the Third Degree is a Delta in white enamel 
supported by three Deltas of gold and inscribed in a golden circle, 
surrounded by six spherical triangles in blue enamel. This is to 
be worn beneath the badge of the Second or Stars and Crescent 
Degree. 

MOTTOES. 

Besides the secret mottoes of the second and third degrees, 
there is the Tri Alpha motto of the Trident or first degree, which 

(38) 



INSIGNIA. 39 

is also known as the open motto of the fraternity and is 'A(j<£aAw« 
'AyawwcT 'AAA^Xas. (Asphalos' Agapomen Alle'las). 
"Let us steadfastly love one another." 

CALL. 

The call of Delta Delta Delta is sung to the 1, 3, 5, and 8 
of a scale ascending and descending. It is 

AAaAa AAaAa AAaAa 

. (Alala Alala Alala') 
Ta lepa IIoTeiSama 
(Ta Hiera Poseidonia.) 

COLORS. 

The colors of Delta Delta Delta are silver, gold and blue, 
(cerulean). 

tree. . 
The tree is the Pine. 

FLOWKK. 

The flower is the pansy. 

JEWEL. 

The jewel is the pearl. 

PATRON. 

The patron Greek divinity of the fraternity is Poseidon. 

COAT OF ARMS. 

The Seventh National Convention (1906) adopted a Coat 
of Arms as designed by Richard B. Lockwood of New York. 
It is in Heraldic Terminology as follows : A Shield Quartered 
— the first and fourth azure, a Trident or. The second and third 
or — a Pine tree ppr. Crest — A pansy ppr. Mottd — 'Aor<£aAak 

AyanweT AAA^Aas. 

N. B. — Meaning the 1st and 4th are blue fields on each of which is 
a silver Trident; the 2nd and 3rd are gold fields on each of which is a 
pine tree, natural color. 

Elizabeth A. S. Tredwell, Rho, was chairman of Committee 
securing design. 

FLAG. 

A selection made by the Grand Council was sanctioned by 
the convention of 1906. The design is described as a rectangular 



40 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

flag of three vertical bars, the first and third sea green, (green 
being the union of Tri Delta's colors), one bearing three Deltas 
(superimposed) in white and the other, three stars in white; the 
middle bar, white with the green pine tree upon it. The design 
was drawn by Eleanor McClure, of Epsilon, daughter of S. S. Mc- 
Clure, Publisher, New York City (he, himself, an alumnus of 
Knox College.) 

STATIONERY HEADINGS. 

Stationery headings for formal correspondence have been 
in vogue since the first year. They are too numerous to describe, 
excepting by illustration. Business stationery was varied ac- 
cording to fancy of officer or chapter until in 1905 a uniform 
style was adopted, the size being the square commercial note for 
both chapters and Grand Council. 

A uniform style of embossed lettering is used by the Grand 
Council and each individual chapter has freedom of choice in 
lettering, color, and design. 




Circle Degree pin adopted 1900. 




First Jewelled pin, Trident and Circle 
Degree pin. 





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GOVERNMENT. 



The government of the fraternity was vested in the found- 
ers of Alpha Chapter and Alpha Chapter from 1888 to 1893. 
The archives are still with Alpha. The Grand Council System 
inaugurated by the first convention has been systematized and 
strengthened by each succeeding one. The Grand Council at 
present contains ten members. 

Provisions were made for five provinces — Alpha, the At- 
lantic State — Beta, between the Atlantic States and the Mis- 
sissippi — Gamma, the remainder of the United States — Canada, 
Alpha — and England, Alpha. Each Province is directly under 
the supervision of a Grand Vice President and her Deputy. 

The Alumnae Alliance System is advisory to and subject to 
regulations by the National Conventions and Grand Councils of 
the general fraternity. Its organization and government follow 
the same rules. 

Each petition for a charter is first sent to the Grand Vice- 
President of the province wherein the petitioning body is situ- 
ated. It is then submitted to the Executive Committee, and with 
their approval to the Grand Council. It must then be sub- 
mitted to the chapters of all the provinces and can only be 
granted by the two-thirds vote of each chapter of all three 
provinces. No petition is submitted to vote until the peti- 
tioning body is visited by the Grand Vice President of 
the province or her Deputy. The petition must receive the 
unanimous favor of the Grand Council before it can be submitted 
to the chapters. 

No charter can be withdrawn excepting by act of a National 
Convention. 

Vacancies in office between conventions are filled by vote of 
the Grand Council. 

Grand Council 

The First National Convention (1893) worked according to 
the existing original constitution and elected but five Grand 

(41) 



-42 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Officers — President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer and 
^Tommissioner of Education. The editor of the Trident was not 
at that time considered a member of the Grand Council. 

The Second National Convention (1894) added that office 
to the Grand Council list, making it have six members. 

The burdens of administration having materially increased 
with the rapid growth of the fraternity, the Third National Con- 
vention (1897) made the number of Vice Presidents three, one 
for each province, added a Grand Marshal and a Grand Histor- 
ian and dropped the office of Commissioner of Education. The 
duties of this officer had been to maintain a high standard of 
scholarship among the undergraduates and to render assistance 
to alumnae in all educational enterprises, and these duties were 
in a measure distributed among the various officials provided. 

The office of Commissioner of Education was one of the 
things adopted from the plans of Etta May Budd for her nat- 
ional sorority which she had given up, joining Alpha Chapter of 
Delta Delta Delta and allying with the fraternity her two partially 
formed chapters at Ames and Indianola, Iowa. 

An Executive Committee was created in 1904, consisting of 
the Grand President, the three Grand Vice Presidents and the 
^Grand Secretary. 

Nine members constituted the number of the Grand Council 
until the Seventh National Convention, when a tenth member, 
known as a Supervisor of Alliances, was added to the number. 
A larger use of the privilege of appointing deputies is being made 
each year, as the work falling upon each grand officer, as the or- 
ganization grows and perfects its system, is becoming too heavy 
to be carried by one person. 

In intensive development, in government, in finances, every- 
thing points to more thoroughly perfected business methods. 

Provinces 

The Provinces of the fraternity are directly under the super- 
vision of the Province Vice Presidents. But one change has ever 
been made in province distribution and that affected but one 
-chapter, Xi, changing it from Beta to Alpha province. 

A portion of the idea of province arrangement came from 
.the plans of Miss Etta May Budd. The idea of holding province 



CHARTER GRANTS. 45 

conventions was originated at the First National Convention 
(1893) and so far as the delegates there knew was an original 
idea, they working out this plan in order to overcome the diffi- 
culties apprehended from a system of Tri-ennial National Con- 
ventions, then planned for. These province conventions held in 
1895, 1898 and 1899 were greatly enjoyed and the plan was onlv 
abandoned because of the necessity of bi-ennial nationals and the 
feeling that too great a strain must not be put either upon the 
finances or the energies of the chapters. Besides the regular 
official duties that come to the province officer, the Grand Vice 
President, it is the custom for her to keep up constant communica- 
tion between her chapters by means of Province Round Robin 
letters. 

The province distribution of chapters is as follows: 

Delta Delta Delta 

Alpha Province. 
Active Chapters — 
Alpha — Boston University. Omicron — Syracuse University. 

Beta — St. Lawrence University. Rho — Barnard College. 

Eta — University of "Vermont. Sigma — Wesleyan University. 

Xi — Baltimore Woman's College. Tau — Bucknell University. 
Psi — University of Pennsylvania. Alpha Xi — Randolph-Macon 

Woman's College. 
Beta Province. 

Active Chapters — 
Gamma — Adrian College. Mu — University of Wisconsin. 

Epsilon — Knox College. Nu — Ohio State University. 

Zeta — University of Cincinnati. Upsilon — Northwestern University. 

Chi — University of Mississippi. 

Gamma Province. 
Active Chapters — 

Delta — Simpson College. Lambda — Baker University. 

Theta — University of Minnesota. Pi — University of California. 

Kappa — University of Nebraska. Phi — University of Iowa. 

Charter Grants 

The granting of charters was one of the prerogatives of the 
founders of the fraternity and Alpha Chapter until the first con- 
vention. The first two conventions did not do much to make 
any general rulings to limit this power, feeling perhaps 
that it was for the best interest of so young a so- 
ciety to leave it in their hands. The Third National 
Convention originated a plan whereby all had a voice 



44 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

in the matter. Conventions had the right to grant charters 
until the Seventh, 1906, revoked this ruling. But one conven- 
tion, the Sixth, 1906, ever granted any charters. 

Twenty-five charters have been granted, one of which was 
never operated under. One charter was surrendered to the 
Fourth National Convention, twenty-three are at present in 
operation. 

Charter fees have been thrice raised. Petitioning bodies 
must bear all the incurred expenses, including a special personal 
inspection. 

While there have been twenty-five charters granted, more 
than double that number have been rejected. Nine were await- 
ing decision at the time of the Seventh National Convention, 
none of which has as yet received a final vote. Many of the pe- 
titioning bodies not granted charters from Delta Delta Delta 
have since received charters from well known sororities. 

It may be said that the history of charter grants could 
be divided into three sections, but of course these sections so 
overlap that no dividing line is absolute. As is the case with 
every progressive new society, the first officers and early chapters 
watched for desirable fields and generally followed the policy of 
choosing those petitioning bodies who were already organized 
into a local of recognized strength. Personal friends, usually 
Greeks themselves, were very active in locating such fields and 
the records, which are perhaps better unpublished, show many a 
curious and interesting relation of such aid. 

In the next stage of progress, while no effort was made to 
search for opportunities, yet the high grade school and a well 
recommended group were pretty sure of favorable consideration. 
In the last period, however, petitions for charters have sometimes 
been pending several years and in a few cases only have been 
granted when received a second and a third time. Not only has 
it been imperative to have a school of highest standing, with the 
most desirable students as petitioners, but questions of policy and 
location have made it possible to select but few of these. 

Alumnae Alliances 

"The Alliance as an organization has its own constitution, 
by-laws and ritual and holds special sessions at each national 
convention to discuss and legislate upon all subjects relating to 



• EXAMINATIONS. 45 

alliances only which are not provided for in the constitution. 
Each Alliance is allowed a delegate to the national convention 
and there is allowed equal voting powers with the active dele- 
gates. No Alliance can be formed with fewer than six members. 
The object of the Alliances is to keep in touch with the active 
chapters and the sisters of college days by personal contact where 
possible, by a series of letters or bulletins where this can not be 
done. Literary programs, musicales, contributions to house 
funds, fraternity study, an occasional lecture, a little philanthrop- 
ic work are special objects. Recently an Alliance officer has been 
appointed whose especial duty is the study of the needs of the 
Alliance Chapters and the advisability of establishing i.ew ones. ' 
—The Trident (Ed.), Vol. XV, No. 3. 

Examinations 

Official examination on fraternity history and management 
is held in each chapter on the second Saturday in March. The 
question list and grading are in the hands of a Board of Super- 
visors appointed by the Grand President. The Grand Marshal 
publishes the record of the examinations in the Trident. 

These examinations have been conducted annually since 
1898, and it was the custom to require each member to take them 
but once, provided each first year initiate secured a satisfactory 
grade. The Seventh National Convention provided for an exam- 
ination to be given each member twice during the college course. 
The freshmen are examined upon ritual, chapter roll and consti- 
tution, the juniors upon policy, methods, Pan-Hellenics, Inter- 
Sorority Conferences and questions on other fraternities. All 
grades of members taking examinations are published in the 
Triton. I 



FINANCES. 



An outline of the evolution of the financial system of Delta 
Delta Delta could be no better begun than by quoting again the 
words of one of the founders and making them apply not only to 
the organizers and early members of Alpha but to the Grand 
Officers of the earlier Councils and to the charter member groups , 
of all the earlier chapters. "How well they have kept their vows, 
there are many to testify, but how unstintingly they gave of .their 
money, time and strength will never be known." 

In the earliest days of chapter extension, all central expen- 
ses were borne by the founders and members of Alpha Chapter, 
some matters being paid by direct tax, the others silently liqui- 
dated from private purses. The charges for charter, pin, station- 
ery and installation officers' expenses were the only amounts 
charged up to the respective chapters. The first regular levy 
made upon the chapters was the demand for subscriptions to 
The Trident, which appeared November, 1891. The first con- 
vention endeavored to ensure the Trident income, the second fol- 
lowed suit, but it was not until the third convention, 1897, that 
any effective steps were taken to formulate a plan for collecting 
enough subscription money to run the magazine and thus some- 
what relieve Miss Allen (Editor in Chief), her business manag- 
ers and Alpha Chapter. This convention levied a per capita as- 
sessment on each chapter for the support of the Trident and 
placed its collection in the hands of the Grand Marshal. Up to 
this time (1897), all Grand Officers' expenses had been borne by 
themselves and all the official delegates for the fraternity at large 
had been obliged to pay their own bills in addition to giving 
their time and labor. The Chapters either paid or assisted in 
paying their delegate's convention traveling expenses and this 
it was thought accounted for many irregularities in represent- 
ation. Therefore, this third convention also levied a general an- 
nual per capita tax known as Grand Dues and provided that the 
traveling expenses of the active chapter delegates and of the 
Grand President, Grand Secretary and Editor of the Trident be 

(46) 



FINANCES. 47 

thereafter paid out of the general fund. It also awarded $100.00 
to the entertaining chapter of each convention. The grand dues 
were raised by the fourth convention to make provision for a 
wider range of representation, as more widely separated chapters 
were admitted and the name of the Grand Treasurer was added 
to the list whose traveling expenses came out of the general fund. 

The Fifth Convention facing the one small deficit in the 
history of Delta Delta Delta again made a slight increase in the 
dues. The Sixth Convention raised the dues of both active and 
Alliance members and also levied a per capita tax for visiting 
delegate's fund which was held separate and does not appear in 
balances. During most of this time, it is well to state that the 
Trident was paying its own way and that these increases were 
occasioned both by the growth of the organization and the more 
accurate methods employed in transacting its affairs. 

The Seventh Convention, finding a good surplus in the treas- 
ury, left the dues as they were with the exception of placing the 
special visiting delegate assessment and fund with the regular 
dues and funds*. Provision was made whereby a portion of the 
Alliance' delegate's traveling expenses will come out of the gen- 
eral fund. 

A motion was passed to increase the amount of the conven- 
tion fund for each entertaining chapter and provision was made 
for proportionate increases in this amount concurrent with chap- 
ter extension. This convention also very materially raised the 
charter fees. This was the fourth change in these. 

As it was reported that the Trident had passed from a mere- 
ly self supporting to a reasonably paying enterprise, provisions 
were made for the payment of a salary to the Editor-in-Chief. 
This salary is variable, being a percentage of the profits. The 
Editor pays for her own business management out of this salary. 

Thus has begun a transition from that condition so prevalent 
in women's societies where not only the burden of the labor and 
responsibility is borne, as it always must be, by a very few but 
the expense as well is allowed to drain heavily a few private 
purses, when it would be but a light tax if assumed by all those 
benefited. Each one of the seventeen hundred initiates will be 
proud to know that each step has steadily advanced the fraternity 
toward a goal of fair and equal representation and taxation, accu- 
rate and perfected business methods and eventually it is hoped as 



48 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

far as actual outlay is concerned, to realize an absolutely self 
supporting system. 

The magnitude of the labors of love already accomplished 
for Tri Delta is indeed beyond computation and all of the future 
of couise depends on an equal devotion of its members, a devo- 
tion which must of necessity be its own reward. 

Finances of the Individual Chapters 

Beyond the apportioning of the Grand Dues and Trident 
assessments, the individual chapters are left to conduct their busi- 
ness affairs for themselves, simply being required to submit an an- 
nual report. It is gratifying to be able to state that in June, 
1906, not a single chapter had a deficit to report and that sev- 
eral chapters either reported balances or the establishment of en- 
dowment funds. The financial reports of but nineteen chapters 
are at hand and give an aggregate sum of $10,086.00 as the year's 
income. But three of these report as small an income as $100.00 
per year, thirteen of these vary from $125.00 to $500.00 per 
year, two report in excess of $1000.00, while one chapter, run- 
ning a chapter House, shows total book accounts of $3400.25. 



VISITING DELEGATE 



Probably two things impressed the Grand Council of 1900- 
1902 with the advisability of making provision for a visiting dele- 
gate in the government system of Delta Delta Delta. 

In the first place for several years it was required that all 
petitioning bodies be personally investigated by some officially 
appointed and experienced member, if possible one on the Grand 
Council at that time — preferably the Grand Vice President of 
that province in which the petitioners were located. The bene- 
rits of such visits had thus been manifested in this work. 

In the second place the plan of having an official visiting 
member was being tried with success in other fraternities. 

After the subject had been properly presented and fully dis- 
cussed, the Boston Convention, (Fifth National, 1903), tabled a 
motion to institute such an office and appointed a committee to 
estimate the expenses that such an officer would incur. More 
special inspection work came up to be done between 1902 and 
1904 than ever before. 

At the Galesburg Convention, (Sixth National, 1904), it was 
moved and carried "that Tri Delta have a visiting delegate who 
shall visit each chapter once in two years and that the Grand 
President be this visiting delegate and if she finds herself un- 
able to act, she shall appoint such delegate." To meet the ex- 
penses of such office, a per capita tax of fifty cents on both active 
and Alliance members was levied. For a few months after con- 
vention, the work of inspecting petitioning bodies and chapters 
first on the list was undertaken by the Grand President or by 
special deputies appointed by her but it was soon realized that 
the work would be of greater value if all inspections were made 
by the same person, and the Grand President, Mrs. Leutscher, 
being unable to undertake a task of such magnitude, appointed to 
the office, R. Louise Fitch, of Epsilon, but recently elected Editor- 
in-Chief of The Trident. 

It is interesting here to note the peculiar coincidence that 
nearly three years before, as the delegate of Epsilon to the Fifth 

(49) 



50 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

National Convention, Boston, Miss Fitch had made the original 
motion that Delta Delta Delta institute the custom of having a 
visiting delegate. Now it fell to her lot to make the first com- 
plete round of personal inspections in the history of the Society. 
The cost of the inspecting tour was considerably less than esti- 
mated. She inspected twenty-two active chapters, Chi being 
omitted as it had so recently been inspected and installed and 
she had been present at the initiation installation. She visited 
ten Alliances and three Alumnae groups which have become 
Alliances and investigated three petitioning bodies. Great 
interest was manifested in her report at the Syracuse Conven- 
tion, and on every side one heard intense enthusiasm over and 
appreciation of her work expressed by the delegates. The con- 
vention, recognizing the full value of such a unifying and system- 
atizing method, continued the office under an improved financial 
aspect. 

Report of First Chapter Inspector. 

It is quite impossible to give a detailed account of the results 
of the visits of the first Chapter Inspector, for all the information 
relative to conditions at the time of each visit has been reported 
simply to the Council and it is thought advisable to keep it in the 
Council. However, a brief account of the trip and the methods 
employed to obtain desired information may be of interest. 

The first Chapter visited was Upsilon, at Northwestern Uni- 
versity, Evanston, 111. This was in May, 1905. From there I 
went to Columbus, Ohio, to visit Nu Chapter ; then to Cincinnati, 
Ohio, where Zeta is. At the request of two locals in that vicinity 
I visited each of them for several days. In October, Mu, at 
Madison, Wisconsin, was visited, and a petitioning group in that 
vicinity. In November, I spent several days with Phi, at Iowa 
City; in December, with Theta, at University of Minnesota, 
Minneapolis. January 8th, 1906, I started west, visiting in or- 
der, Delta, at Simpson College, Indianola, Iowa; Kappa at Uni- 
versity of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb ; Lambda, at Baker University, 
Baldwin, Kansas; the Denver Alliance, at Denver, Colo., and 
then took a couple of days' rest or at least of change, at the Grand 
Canyon, in Arizona. Then on to Pi, at University of California, 
at Berkeley, Calif., and down to Los Angeles to see the Alliance 



REPORT OF FIRST CHAPTER INSPECTOR. 51 

there. At Pasadena, cares were forgotten for a week in enjoy- 
ing the mountains and the side trips to the ocean. I reached 
Galva, 111., again on March 1st, and visited Epsilon, Knox Col- 
lege, Galesburg, 111., the second week in March. I started east 
March 23rd and visited in order, Gamma, at Adrian, Mich., Omi- 
cron, at Syracuse, N. Y. ; Beta at Canton, N. Y. ; Eta at Burling- 
ton, Vt. ; Alpha, at Boston. After a four days' rest, I visited Sigma, 
at Wesleyan University, at Middletown, Conn. ; Rho at Barnard 
College, New York City; Tau at Bucknell University, Lewis- 
burg, Penn. ; Psi, at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia ; 
Xi, at Woman's College, Baltimore, Md. ; and last the youngest 
chapter, Alpha Xi at Randolph Macon Woman's College, Lynch- 
burg, Va. Left for Galva, 111., May 25th. 

As far as possible, four days were spent with each chapter. 
In that time, at each school, some social affair, tea, reception, 
card party or something of the kind was given at which I was 
enabled to meet the members of all rival Sororities in the insti- 
tution. Dinners, drives, theatres, dances, receptions, chafing 
dish spreads, luncheons, some or all were given at each chapter, 
to enable me to meet all active members and Alumnae, and in 
some cases gentlemen friends of each chapter, socially. During 
each visit a regular chapter meeting and also a regular Alliance 
meeting (where an Alliance existed) were held and regular busi- 
ness conducted in the ordinary way. Every chapter book was 
examined, plans and policy of chapter, characteristics and 
strength of rivals, house finances and methods of meeting bills 
for house or room, for Grand and Chapter dues were discussed. 

At every school, I was privileged to meet the President or 
Dean and talk over fraternity affairs. At every institution ex- 
cept one I was allowed to obtain the grades for the previous or 
present year, as I chose, in some cases for the entire course for 
each member. In the excepted school, I was informed that no 
one, under any provocation whatsoever, could be allowed to ob- 
tain any idea regarding the standing of any student. 

In several instances, at the invitation of the Local Pan-Hel- 
lenic Association, I was asked to talk Pan-Hellenic matters with 
the association and give what ideas I had gathered regarding 
rules and conditions in other schools. I met the Dean of Women 
at each school, where such an official exists, at her request, and 
talked over conditions among the college women and how the 



52 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

sororities might be of service to college authorities in bettering 
conditions, etc. 

Every spare moment was spent talking, planning with chap- 
ter officers and members, discussing national affairs, hearing 
troubles, suggesting remedies, planning for everything, from 
keeping books and financing houses to "rushing stunts." At each 
school the chapter was urged strongly to do everything possible 
to promote Pan-Hellenic interests and to aid in college organiz- 
ation and interests. Each was urged also to mix wisely social 
and intellectual accomplishments. In every instance, rival fra- 
ternities were delightfully cordial and hospitable. At Madison, 
Kappa Kappa Gamma, at Lincoln, Kappa Alpha Theta, and at 
Berkeley, Kappa Alpha Theta sent invitations to dinner to the 
chapter house, each of which was happily accepted. A number 
of Grand Officers of Kappa Alpha Theta, of Kappa Kappa 
Gamma, Delta Gamma and Chi Omega were met at various 
places and. the little exchange of experiences was exceedingly en- 
joyable. 

The task of visiting the chapters is not a light one. The 
social side alone is wearing, though pleasant, and the energy nec- 
essary to judge quickly and fairly, ferret out true conditions, be 
ready with solutions for any kind of problem, to go with but 
little or no sleep, catch trains at any hour of day or night, etc. — 
this energy expended is incalculable. But if, as is hoped, the 
greater possibilities of usefulness for fraternity members is real- 
ized, if system and order prevail, if more enthusiasm is aroused 
and interest increased, then the first visiting delegate will feel 
that the discomfitures and hard work are more than repaid. 

R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon, '02. 



PUBLICATIONS OF 
DELTA DELTA DELTA 



The Trident 

It has been stated that no fraternity has attempted the pub- 
lication of a regular magazine so early in its history and with its 
strength so untried as Tri Delta. Be that as it may, conceding 
that the making of the attempt was brave, the degree of success 
has proved the attempt well warranted. 

After the first Inter-Sorority conference, held in Boston, in 
1891, a conference of Tri Deltas present was called by Alpha 
Chapter for April 20. The entire active chapter of Alpha was 
present and some of its alumnae. Delta Chapter was represent- 
ed by Edith Noon and Gamma Chapter by Bessie M. Leach. 
This was the first meeting of representatives from more than two 
chapters in the history of the fraternity. It was then and there 
decided that Delta Delta Delta should begin the publication of a 
magazine to be known as the Trident. Emily Frances Allen, of 
Alpha, was elected Editor-in-Chief. It was voted to complete 
one volume each year, that volume to consist of three numbers, 
one issued each term. It was decided to publish the first number 
of the first volume on Thanksgiving Day, 1891, that being the 
third anniversary of the founding of the fraternity. 

This was done and since that date but one number has ever 
been omitted, that being number three of Volume II. It is su- 
perfluous to say that this was owing to lack of funds, as from 
other records it will be seen that the magazine enterprise was 
launched when the fraternity had but six widely scattered chap- 
ters, that it then had but eight and that the first convention had 
not yet been called. 

The Trident has always been issued in its present form, 
octavo.; , The first number contained thirty-four pages. Four 
volumes of three numbers each (omitting Vol. II, No. 3.) of this 
size were issued. With Volume V the publication of four num- 

(53) 



54 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

bers for each volume was commenced. Volume VII saw an in- 
crease to fifty pages per number and since that time to the just 
completed Volume XVI the quality of press work, paper, binding 
and illustration have been steadily advanced as well as the num- 
ber of pages. Volume XVI, No. 3 is the largest yet issued and 
contained 120 pages. 

The Trident remained with Alpha Chapter, Emily Frances 
Allen, Editor-in-Chief, through nine volumes. To anyone famil- 
iar with the history of fraternity journalism, need more be said? 

At the Cincinnati convention, Miss Allen positively refused 
a re-election. At two successive conventions she had been able 
to report a balance in the treasury and the fact was keenly real- 
ized by all that nine years of unflagging zeal and loyalty on the 
part of the Editor-in-Chief and her co-workers had not only 
created an assured future for the magazine but had exemplified 
past all telling the true Tri Delta spirit. 

The fourth National Convention elected Julia E. Closterman, 
Editor of the Trident and placed its management with her chap- 
ter, Zeta, of the University of Cincinnati. Volumes X and XI 
were very satisfactorily edited under this management. The 
fifth National convention re-elected Miss Closterman but she was 
unable to continue in the work and later the Grand Council elect- 
ed E. Anna Harrison, Editor-in-Chief and placed the manage- 
ment with Xi Chapter at the Woman's College of Baltimore, Md. 

Volumes XII and XIII evidence the wisdom of this choice. 
Miss Harrison, who was re-elected Editor of the Trident by the 
sixth National convention, being unable to complete her term re- 
signed and was succeeded by her Assistant Editor, Mary Taylor 
Abercrombie, of Xi. She succeeded nicely with Volume XIV, 
but resigned the task to R. Louise Fitch, of Epsilon Chapter, and 
she as Editor was also commissioned to undertake the business 
management of the magazine. 

To quote the policy of the Editor verbatim from a recent 
letter will give enough reasons why the seventh National con- 
vention elected her unanimously for this position in 1906-1908 
and under such improved conditions of management and finances 
as are explained elsewhere. 

"My policy, in so far as it is possible to define it, in editing 
the Trident, calls first for system. In this is included strict busi- 



REPORT OF FIRST CHAPTER INSPECTOR. 55 

ness methods, which comprise closely paid and collected bills, 
promptness, accuracy and courtesy in all dealings. 

As to the Trident itself, the mechanical construction receives 
first attention. The material is arranged in departments, for the 
sake of the convenience and benefit of the readers. Articles are 
headed attractively, cuts printed on clear, good quality paper, at- 
tention is paid to division and paging of articles, so that when 
the magazine is picked up it at once inspires in the holder an 
eagerness to read it. 

Next — material is devoted primarily to the interests of Delta 
Delta Delta, then to general fraternity news and problems, and 
then to general college news, for in a measure college and fra- 
ternity affairs are inseparable. 

The Trident is a newspaper in so far as it is possible to 
chronicle the doings of any and all Tri-Deltas. Each number 
is to contain a carefully prepared "leading article," which is of 
special value from a news or an educational standpoint, to the fra- 
ternity. Each is to contain some bit of brightness, a humorous 
poem, a sketch, an incident, a rollicking song, something that 
cheers and amuses. Chapter letters in so far as it is possible to 
train the writers thereof, are to be void of monotony and super- 
latives, or speaking positively, are to contain, if possible, origin- 
ality, tersely expressed recitals of conditions at each college and 
chapter, that are at once instructive and entertaining. Certain 
issues are to be devoted to special purposes, to the alumnae in- 
terests, to the honors of Tri Deltas, to the Fraternity's history, 
to the writings of talented members, etc. 

Summing up — My policy is to produce a magazine that will 
be indespensible in news and enthusiasm and general fraternity 
instructiveness to any loyal member of the Fraternity. 

R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon, '02. 

The cover design of Volume X and XI was the original 
work of Lavina Perin Gray of Zeta. The credit of the present 
cover design, which was adopted with Volume XV, also goes to 
Zeta as both this and the sketches used inside for department 
headings are again the work of Lavina Perin Gray. 

In making out a table of contents for the Trident no account 
is made of the regular departments which exist in them all — 
Chapter Letters, Alliance Letters, Personals, Editorials, and Ex- 
changes. These departments have been variously handled but at 



56 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

present follow the general literary matter in the magazine and 
are very ably ordered and divided as follows — Incidents, Editor- 
ials, Chapter Letters, Alliance Letters, Personals, Marriages, En- 
gagements, Initiates, Births, In Memoriam, Exchanges. 

With the present volume, there began a slight change 
from the idea of a quarterly, the magazine appearing four times 
during the school year, November, February, April and June. 

As noticed elsewhere, the old plan of placing the business 
management with the Chapter of the Editor-in-Chief has been 
abandoned. During 1905-6, the plan of combining Editor-in- 
Chief and Business Manager in one person was so successful that 
the Convention of 1906 sanctioned and continued the custom. 

The Trident — Table of Contents 

Vol. I, No. 1. November, 1891. 

Founders' Day. 

Our Fraternity, Poem — Sarah Ida Shaw, A. Ragnarok — Bessie M. 
Leach, r. Looking Backward — Clara May Eayrs, r. Correspondence, 
Trinidad, Colorado — Emily S. Clough, A. The Mission of College Fra- 
ternities — C. M. Brodie, The Ramboid. The Forest Lake — Edith Knowles, 
A. A Hopeless Case, Poem — Mary E. Cochran, A. Pansies — Christine 
Evelyn Jansson, A. Report of First Woman's Pan-Hellenic Convention. 

Vol. I, No. 2. February, 1692. 

Gamma Chapter Day. 

Student Life at Boston University — Charlotte E. Joslin, A. The 
Mission of Flowers — Myrtle N. Stillwell, T. Modesty — Minnie Long, A. 
Correspondence, Gamma — Bessie M. Leach, r. Cal. — Edna Wilmot, E. 
Gold, Silver and Blue, Poem — Grace Lillian Bond, A. Exchange Notices 
on Appearance of Trident. 

Vol. I, No. 3. May, 1892. 

Delta Chapter Day. 

The Founding of Delta (Deuteron). Emblem Song — Christine Jans- 
son, A. Aurora Leigh — Carrie U. Tanner, A. The Marble Awaiteth — 
Abbie Casey, B. Arbutus Blossoms — Eleanor D. Pond A. The Gain of 
Friendship — Matie Trumble, I\ Fraternity Negatives — Bertha L. Gardner, 
A. Pansies (Poem on Beta Tri Delta Painting). Song, Tri Delta — Bes- 
sie M. Leach, r. Translation (Verse) — Bertha M. Stiles, A. 

Vol. II, No. 1. October, 1892. 

Truthful, Poem — Mary E. Cochrane, A. Silent Influences — Abbie E 
Casey, B. Our Fraternity Work — Bessie M. Leach, I\ The College Fra- 
ternity at the World's Fair — Report of A A A delegate. Correspondence, 
Washington, D. C. — Bertha L. Gardner, A; Toulon, 111 — Rose Genevra 
Scott, E; Trinidad, Col. — Emily Clough, A; Galesburg, 111. — Perla Gil- 
bert, E. Song. 




Complete Collection Non-Illustrated Trident Covers. 
Vol. I, No. 1 in Center Right. 



The Trident. 



Vol. I. BOSTON, NOVEMBER, 1891. No. 1. 



EDITORIAL. 



In response to often expressed desires from members of the sev- 
eral chapters of Delta Delta Delta for a journal to represent the 
interests of the fraternity, we begin the" publication of the Trident. 1 
Other Greek letter societies have found such publications beneficial, 
and it is to be hoped that this new venture will prove advantageous 
to the organization in which we take a proper pride. It shall be 
our aim to foster among the members still stronger allegiance to 
the "gold, silver and blue ;" to cultivate higher literary aspirations, 
and to develop, by means of- the fraternity, an increased sentiment 
of loyalty to our respective colleges. While seeking mainly to pro- 
mote the interests of Tri Delta and fraternity life in general, con- 
siderable space will be devoted to college affairs, and to matters 
pertaining to the higher education of women, Although the man- 
agement will endeavor to accomplish these objects, success implies 
and demands the hearty co-operation of individual members through- 
out the order. 

We are grateful for the many kind wishes that have been 
expressed, for the subscriptions and the contributions to the pages 
of this first number. It will be necessary, however, to furnish 
these contributions regularly, and alumni, especially, will please 
bear this fact in mind. 

This initial number falls far below our ideal in many particulars, 
but we have made a beginning. We would avail ourselves gladly 
of friendly criticisms and suggestions in regard to future issues of 
the quarterly. 

Fac Simile First Page First Trident. 




First Illustrated Trident Cover. (1900). (Printed in Colors.) 




Second Illustrated Trident Cover. 





Trident Department Headings, 1905-1907. 





Trident Department Headings. 1905-1907. 






Trident Department Headings, 1905-1907. 




Constitutions of Delta Delta Delta. 
(Number one in upper left hand corner). 




Chapter Record Book. 
Delta Delta Delta Song Book. 



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Directories of Delta Delta Delta. First Directory 
in Upper Left Hand Corner. 



THE TRIDENT — TABLE OF CONTENTS. 57 

Vol. II, No. 2. April, 1893. 

Romola — Agnes R. Powers, Z. Tongues in Trees, Poem — Grace Lor- 
raine Dickerman, A. The University of Vermont — Eva Jones, H. The 
Fraternity Exhibit — Bessie M. Leach, r, A A A Delegate. Correspond- 
ence — Bertha L. Gardner, A. To Margaret Fuller Ossoli, Poem — Bessie 
M. Leach, r. 

Vol. III. No. 1. November, 1893. 

Convention at Galesburg (First National). Orchis Glen — Bessie 
Leach Priddy, I\ Translations — Mary Cochrane, A. The Fraternity Con- 
gress (World's Fair) — Charlotte E. Joslin, A. Convention Echoes — 
Martha Eveleth, A. A Word about Fraternity, University Beacon. Cor- 
respondence, China — Lydia A. Wilkinson, A. Alpha of AAA, Poem, 
reprinted — Sara Ida Shaw. A 

Vol. Ill, No. 2. March, 1894. 

Short Story Literature — Maud Howe, A. Greek Costume (Ex.). 
The Fraternity Ideal — Margaret F. Berton, A. Social and Political Life 
in College. Paper read at World's Fair Congress — Bessie Leach Priddy, 
r. Correspondence Grand President; Almedia Laurson, E. 

Vol. Ill, No. 3. June, 1894. 

One Way to Success — Abbie Casey, B. Character — Ella F. Tobias, T. 
Epsilon, Song. The University of Minnesota. Beta's Visit to Poseidon, 
Poem — Emma Richardson, B. Chapter Song — May Brown, A. How to 
Rush, (Ex.). List of Members of A A A June, 1894 — Charlotte E Joslin, 
Grand Secretary. Illustrations — University of Minnesota. 

Vol. IV No. 1. November, 1894. 

The Convention (Second, Canton, N. Y.) At Orchard House — Mary 
Chadbourne Smith, ©. The Influence of Biography — Grace L. Pond, A. 
The Number Three. A Defense of Xantippe — Mary D. Collins, A. 
Women at Yale (Ex.) Song — Mattie E. Spafford, H. Neptune's Dream, 
Poem — Elizabeth Gibbs, I\ 

Vol. IV. No. 2. March, 1895. 

Song — Hettie Gertrude Beuhler, ©. Romance and Realism — Minnie 
C. Jackson, B. A Day at Lake Superior — Louise Robinson, 0. One Sum- 
mer's Little Tragedy — Bertha L. Gardner, A. Fraternity Work — Sarah I. 
Shaw, A. True Womanhood — Libbie Gibbs, I*. 

Vol. IV. No. 3. May, 1895. 

Dreamland Faces — Lydia May Plummer, 6: Wesleyan University — 
Misses Rogers and Searles, 2. Women in the University of Michigan — 
Almaren Orsborn, I, Correspondence, Scotland — Janet Greig, E. Letters, 
Grand President, Caroline Edgar, ©. The Mission of the Pansy — Libbie 
Gibbs, T. Initiation of Lambda — Hattie B. Morley, A. Illustrations, Wes- 
leyan University. 

Vol. V, No. 1. November., 1895. 

Baker University — Mary Sophia Ives. Methods and Principles of 
Rushing — Louise Robinson, ©. The Relation of the Alumnae to the Ac- 
tive Chapter — C. Grace Ayres, A. Alpha Province Convention (First. 
Boston). Beta Province Convention (First, Ann Arbor.) Illustrations, 
Baker University. 

Vol. V, No, 2, March, 1896. 

Adrian College — Bessie Leach Priddy, P. The Woman Doctor — Elea- 
nor D. Pond, A. "Tri Delta Reception," Baldwin, Kan. Ledger. 



58 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Vol. V, No. 3. May, 1896. 

Our New Chapter (Nu) — Bessie Leach Priddy, r. A Fable — C. 
Grace Ayres, A. The Association of Collegiate Alumnae — Bertha L. 
Gardner, A. Opening of Alumnae Department, (Al. Ed.) Chapter Ex- 
tension — C. Grace Ayres, A ; Charlotte Joslin, A. Forbidden — M. Flora 
Smith, A. College Training for Home Makers — Bessie Leach Priddy, T 
Illustrations, Adrian College (2). 

Vol. V, No. 4. July, 1896. 

Simpson College — H. B. Morley, A. Correspondence — Mary S. Evans, 
Z. The Alumnae — Ed. Another Fable — Emma Kinney, Z. A Plea for 
the Golden Mean — Bertha C. Fox, A. The Washington Convention, Y. P. 
S. C. E. Ordination Hymn — Edith M. Wait, B. Illustrations, Simpson 
College, (2). 

Vol. VI, No. 1. November, 1896. 

Omicron Chapter. Greeting Song — Edith M. Wait, B. Sorority Sta- 
tistics (Ex.) Poem — Ada A. Cole : A. The University of Michigan. True 
Fraternity Work — Elizabeth Gibbs, I". What shall we Read? — Martha L. 
Eveleth, A. 

Vol. VI, No. 2. January, 1897. 

Our Initiates — Maud Howe, A. A Trip South, — Lillie Hunsicker, A. 
The Alumnae, (Ed.) Fraternity Life — Carrie D. Beddoe, A. Chapter 
Extension — Marion K. Norris, A. The Realm of the Beautiful — Cora C. 
Markham, A. A Glimpse of Niagara — Lucy Osborne Searle, 2. 

Vol. VI, No. 3. April,* 1897. 

Call for Third National Convention, Minneapolis. Ohio State Uni- 
versity — Edna Armstrong, N. The Delta Type— Elizabeth W. Upham, A. 
The Fraternity in College Politics — Fannie J. Clark, A. Cincinnati as an 
Educational Center— Emma Kinney, Z. A Glimpse of the Twin Cities — 
Lela M. Klampe, O. A Voyage Incident — Janet Grieg, E. Hymn — Edith 
Wait Colson, B. Illustrations, Ohio State University (4). 

Vol. VI, No. 4. July, 1897. 

Second Notice for Third National Convention, Minneapolis. Idealism 
and Pessimism — Mary Sibley Evans, Z, The Chicago Alliance — Edna 
Wolfe Pearson, A. The Disadvantages of a College Education. Boston 
as an Educational Center — Margaret F. Berton, A. Washington as an 
Educational Center — Bertha L. Gardner, A. Chicago as an Educational 
Center — Alma S. Fick, Z. A Week in London — Maude E. Muzzy, A. 
Fraternity Statistics. Illustrations — Epsilon, Lambda, Zeta, and Kappa 
Chapters. 

Vol. VII, No. 1. November, 1897. 

The Convention (Third, Minneapolis). Convention Notes. Letter 
from Grand President, Agnes R. Powers, Z. Fraternity Life — Elizabeth 
Gibbs Palmer, T. The New Girl — Cornelia A. Meeks. 2. Fraternity 
Ideals — Lela M. Klampe, 6. The First Sorosis. Rushing — Symposium. 
Illustrations— Grand Council, 1897-1900. 

Vol. VII, No. 2. January, 1898. 

College Life in Colorado and Boston — Frances Bayley, A. Fraternity 
Friendships — Lydia Sain, A. The True Meaning of a College Course — 
Jessie Woodworth, H. The Aim of a Fraternity — Mabel W. Baxter, E. 
Ring in the New, Poem — Ada A. Cole, A. The Alumnae Greeting, (Ed.) 



THE TRIDENT — TABLE OF CONTENTS. . 59 

Love of the Beautiful — Georgiana Reed, A. Columbus as an Educational 
Center — Edna Armstrong, N. Glimpses of Longfellow's Boyhood Days — 
Carrie Beddoe Chamberlain, A. The New Alumnae — Lillian G. Marr, A. 
The Stay-at-Home Alumna — Viola MacLellan, A. The Practical Advan 
tages of Fraternity — Luella M. Eaton, A. 

Vol. VII. No. 3. April, 1898. 

Spring Thoughts — Cara Adams, ©. Fraternity Loyalty — Symposium. 
Z, r, B. A Freshman's Impression of Fraternity Life — H. Mildred 
French, Z. Spring Time Thoughts — Alma S. Fick, Z. The Alumnae and 
the Active Chapter — Mary Sibley Evans, 2. Epsilon Alliance — Janet 
Grieg, E. The Fraternity Among Women's Clubs — Maud Howe, A. 
The Olio — Discussion of Ex-Member Question, A, r, E ; 0. 

Vol. VII, No. 4. July, 1898. 

Announcement of Province Conventions. The University of Wis- 
consin — Daisie Campbell, M. The Fraternity as a Stimulus — Janet Priest, 
9. To the Cruiser, "Marblehead," Poem — Ada A. Cole, A. Debate in 
Fraternity Meeting — Ivy Kellerman, N, and Madge McElroy, H. Fra- 
ternity Loyalty — Josie Thrall and Alma L. Vore, K. The National Edu- 
cational Association Convention — Bertha L. Gardner, A. Pan-Hellenism 
— Agnes R. Powers, Z. Summer Sounds — Emily Clough Peabody, A. The 
Poems of Jean Ingelow — Margaret F. Burton, A. The Alumnae — Almedia 
Laurson Wingert, E. 

Vol. VIII, No. 1. November, 1898. 

The Convention at Galesburg (Beta Province Second; First Alumnae 
Alliance) — Sara Bartlett Hayes, A. The Mississippi International Expo- 
sition — Edith Marion Patch, ©. Autumn Poem — Francis J. Clark, A. The 
Alumnae and the Chapter — Alta M. Phillips, E. The Influence of the 
Fraternity — Katherine Spahr Hull, T. Suggestions — Ellen Huntington 
Frankish, K. October Days — Clara Bronson Hopkins, T. Fedalma — 
Ethel Cavaness, A. Illustrations — Beta Province Convention ; Delegates 
First Alumnae Alliance Session. 

Vol. VIII. No. 2. February, 1899. 

Our New Chapter, Xi — Elizabeth Gibbs Palmer, I\ The Woman's 
College at Baltimore — Elizabeth Tumbleson, S. Alpha Province Conven- 
tion (Second, Canton, N. Y.) — Annie B. Carnes, A. Fraternity Spirit — 
Percie Janet Smith, 2. A Valentine. Poem — Ada A. Cole, A. Symposi- 
um—The Ideal Fraternity Girl— Z, E, A, B, P. Fraternity Responsibili- 
ties — A H. Fraternity Loyalty — Vera E. Potter, B. Portia — Winifred 
E. Howe, A. Illustrations, Xi Chapter; Baltimore Woman's College (6). 
Alpha Province Convention. 

Vol. VIII, No. 3. April, 1899. 

The Promise of the Fraternity Magazine — Lillie M. Hunsicker, A. 
Chapter Meetings, Symposium — Z, E, 2, 0, r. Pan-Hellenism, Sympos- 
ium — S, A, M. Fraternity Failings — Lucy Hunt Pocock, N. Social Life 
at Syracuse — Alberta Perry, 0. "A Girl I Knew" — Helen Woods, B. 
Death is a Maiden Fair, Poem — Janet Priest, ©. The Girl Outside — Emily 
A. Hall, A. The College Graduate — Charlotte E. Joslin, A. The Prom- 
ised Tryst — L. Osborne Searle, 2. Friendship, Poem — Bertha L. Gard- 
ner, A. Poem — Emily A. Hall, A. Report of Second Annual Examina- 
tion, 1899. Delta Chapter Banquet, (Ex.) 

Vol. VIII, No. 4. July, 1899. 
Letter from Grand President, Agnes Powers Dunning, Z. The 



60 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Ideal Chapter — Symposium 9 A I K. Our Youngest Chapter (Xi.) — 
Bertha L. Gardner, A. A Toast — Louise Chamberlain Stahn, S. A Delta 
Pilgrimage — Margaret E. Berton, A. 

Vol. IX. No. 1. November, 1899. 

Beta Province Convention, (Third, Adrian, Mich.) — Elizabeth Gibbs 
Palmer, r. Xi's Greeting — Anna Hoffman, 3. Choosing a Delegate — 
Agnes Powers Dunning, Z. The Directory — Ellen Huntington Frank- 
ish, K. The Crisis Year — Edith Patch, 9. Beta Province Convention. 
Poem — Y. What may be done to reform Rushing — Florence E. Allen, M. 
Rushing — Alice A. Mills, B. Fraternity Influence — Anna H. Perry, A. 
History of Xi Chapter — Lida Virginia Kirk, 3. 

Vol. IX. No. 2. February, 1900. 

Alpha Province Convention (Third, Burlington, Vt.) Harmony — 
Ethel Herrick, N. The Individual and the Fraternity — Nora Dale Ames, 
A. Something to Think About — Annie Cairns, I\ As It Seems to Me — 
Maude Hazlett, K. Kindly Advice to Upper Classmen — Anne Metcalf, T. 
College Life at Cornell — Ivy Kellerman, N. Social Life at Syracuse Uni- 
versity. Gamma Province Convention (Third, Baldwin, Kansas). 

Vol. IX, No. 3. May, 1900. 

Call for Fourth National Convention (Cincinnati). Our New Chap- 
ter n — Louise H. Johnston, n. The University of California — Eleanor 
S. Hammock, n. Convention Fore-thoughts — Grace Yale Atwater; B. Fra- 
ternity Loyalty — Bessie Leach Priddy, T. Inter-Chapter Loyalty — Effie 
Lynch Danforth, I. My Pansies, Poem — Eta. The Helpful Influence of 
Fraternity — Annie Hoffman, S. A True Fraternity Woman — Pauline H. 
King, E. How Should the Trident be Read— H. Mildred French, Z. A 
Former Suggestion Revived — H. Mildred French, Z. Loyalty — Mary 
Lou Berry, A. Symbolism — Ada A. Cole, A. The Unruly Member — G. 
Y. A. College Education for Woman. The Comedie Francaise — Janet 
Grieg, E. The University of Wisconsin — Anna Weber, M. A Thought 
from April — Alice Dyar, 9. Report of the Fraternity Examination (1900). 
Illustrations — University of California (3) ; University of Wisconsin (3). 

Vol. IX, No. 4. August, 1900. 

Fourth National Convention (Cincinnati). The Banquet. Conven- 
tion Echoes. Convention After Thoughts. Letter from Retiring Grand 
President — Sara Bartlett Hayes. Iota Chapter (Charter Surrender.) The 
University of Cincinnati — Ruth W. Butterworth, Z. Why Do I Belong 
to a Fraternity — Merle Pickford, M. Does College Training Create a Class 
of Intellectual Snobs? — Bertha L. Gardner, A. Illustrations — Grand 
President; 16 Grand Officers; Cincinnati and its University (4). 

Vol. X. No. 1. November, 1900. 

The New Home of the Trident — Mary Sibley Evans, Z. Inter- Fra- 
ternity Courtesy — Ivy Kellerman, N. About Ann Arbor Deltas — Mary 
Goodrich Field, I. Some Thoughts and Events of the Rushing Season — 
N, T, 9, M, A, K, E. European College Girls— Ina F. Capen, A. Kath- 
erine Koch. Tri Delta's Badge — Almedia L. Wingert, E. Illustrations — 
Marshall, 1900-1902; Cincinnati University (6). 

Vol. X. No. 2. February, 1901. 

Song, For Founder's Day, 1900, tune, Juanita. Some Wisconsin 
Ways — Merle S. Pickford, M. Founding of Omicron Alliance — Alberta 
E. Perry, 9. A Word for Our Alumnae, H. Room Decorations — Kate 



THE TRIDENT — TABLE OF CONTENTS. 61 

L. Sudds,, B. What a Freshman Thinks of Mock Initiations — Josephine 
Alexander, S. Narrowness of Fraternity Life — Elizabeth R. Peck, 2. 
Some Unsolved Problems — Bessie Leach Priddy, r. American Girls at 
Oxford. Secret Societies at Wellesley College. 

Vol. X, No. 3. April, 1901. 

Letter from the Grand President, Sara Bartlett Hayes. Omicron's 
Chapter House, Meride McKenzie, 0. One's College Ideal or Books and 
Friends — Ada A. Cole, A. Another Freshman on Mock Initiations — Kath- 
erine Clapp, N. The Bard — Frat Feeling — Ruth Babcock, ©. Letter from 
Miss Joslin, Oxford, England. The Berkeley Chapter House — K Court- 
enay Johnston, n. The Fraternity as a Factor in Education — Minnie Jack- 
son Ayres, B. Report of the Examination (1901). Illustrations — Pi 
Chapter House. 

Vol. X, No. 4. July, 1901. 

Some Possible Causes of the Origin, Etc., of Am. Col. Fraternities — 
Bertha L. Gardner, A. Co-operation in a Fraternity — Amy H. Olgen, T. 
College Friendships — Louise Robinson Rhodes, O. The Functions of the 
Chapter President — M. May in Oxford — Charlotte E. Joslin, A. The 
Place of the Y. W. C. A. in a College Girl's Life — Grace E. Woods 
— n. Northfield — Carolyn M. Spencer, 0. Active Member List for 1900- 
1901. Illustrations— O, M, A, 2, T, Z. 

Vol. XI. No. 1. November, 1901. 

Self-Government at Wisconsin and What it has Accomplished — 
Merle S. Pickford, M. To Give or to Get — Bertha Robinson, B. Fra- 
ternity — Alice Mills, B. As Seen by a Greek — Lela M. Klampe, O. The 
Trip to Minneapolis — Sophia Margaret Koehler, K. Fraternity Standard 
— Clara C. Ewalt, N. Illustrations — Upsilon Chapter. 

Vol. XI, No. 2. February, 1902. 

The University Settlement, Cincinnati — J. E. C Popularity — Ida 

McDonald, A. The Girl who Draws — Elizabeth Peck, 2. The Inner Life 

of the Chapter — Ruth Babcock, 9. The Fraternatist's Views. Letter 
from the Grand President — Sara Bartlett Hayes. 

Vol. XL No. 3. May, 19C2. 

Call for Fifth National Convention — Boston. A Reminiscent Letter 
— Bessie Leach Priddy, I*. Limited Chapter Membership — Meride Mc- 
Kenzie, O. When we are Alumnae — Augusta T. Jones, 2. A Danger — 
Martha T. Whittier, A. The Fraternatist's Views. Illustration — Pi 
Chapter. 

Vol. XI, No. 4. August, 1902. 

Boston Tri Delta Song — Ada Augusta Cole, A. Addresses of Wel- 
come and Responses. Grand President's Address. Convention Sessions 
(V-Boston). Convention Sight Seeing — Ruth Babcock, O. The Social 
Side of the Convention — Louise Fitch, E. Lebewohl, (Song) — Ada Au- 
gusta Cole, A. Report of Examination (1902). Inter- Sorority Confer- 
ence (First, 1902). Letter from Grand President, Sara Bartlett Hayes. 
Illustrations — Grand President; 12 Grand Officers, Nu Chapter. 

Vol. XII, No. 1. November, 1902 

The New Home of the Trident— Sara LaMaistre Johnson, S. The 
Ethics of Rushing— Ada Augusta Cole, A. The Hobby of a Constitu- 
tional Knocker — Ruth Babcock, O. The Sorority and the Initiate — Clara 



62 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

C. Ewalt, N. A Toast, Poem. The Fraternatist's Views. Illustrations — 
Baltimore Woman's College (4). 

Vol. XII, No. 2. February, 1903. 

Syracuse University — Edna Alberta Vanderhoff. O. Renentances, 
Poem — Grace Atwater Soule, B. Some Remarks on a Foundling. A 
Question of Proportion — Alice E. Dyar, 0. To Tri Delta Men (A Toast) 
— Beta. The Fraternatist. Rules for Rushing — Baltimore Pan-Hellenic; 
Kappa Alpha Theta Report on Rushing at Swarthmore. Illustrations — 
Syracuse University (2). 

Vol. XII. No. 3. ' May, 1903. 

Boston University — Emily Frances Allen, A. Oxford, the Alma 
Mater of Cecil Rhodes— Charlotte E. Joslin, A. M., A. A Sketch— A. 
Tribute — Claudia Folson Ellsworth, S. After College, What? — Mima 
Weaver, N. Glimpses of Northwestern University — Rogerta Dickinson, T. 
Finding, Poem — Lucretia Wooster Seymour, 0. Rushing — M. Elizabeth 
Bagg, 2. Settlement Work in University of California — Florence Isabelle 
Dodge, n. University Registration Statistics — Rudolph Tombs, Jr. Re- 
port of Fraternity Examinations, 1398, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903. Illus- 
trations, Boston University (5). 

Vol, XII, No. 4. September, 1903. 

Syracuse Chapter House — Adelaide Elizabeth Wheeler, 0. A Side 
Talk — Anna Hoffman, S. Initiation of Rho — Elizabeth Tumbleson, 3. 
The After-Math — Emma Alice Follin, A. Evolution of the Fraternity Ideal 
Edna Wharton, A. A Directory of the Active Members of A A A. Il- 
lustrations — Epsilon Chapter, Parlors and Girl's Rooms of Omicron 
Chapter House (2), Xi Chapter. 

Vol. XIII, No. 1. December, 1903. 

The International Institute for Girls in Spain — Charlotte E. Joslin, 
A. M., A. Barnard College — Harriet Werts, P. Domestic Science in O. 
S. U. — Alice Spitler, N. A Few Thoughts on Chapter House Life — 
Grace Atwater Soule, B. The Girl who is Willing — Ruth Esther McGrew, 
II. The Fraternity Badge — Amy H. Olgen, T. Illustrations — Columbia 
University (3). 

Vol. XIII. No. 2. April, 1904. 

A Glimpse of Life at the University of California. Know Thyself — 
Amy Mclntyre, A, Sententiae. Thoroughness in College Work — Ruby 
Hasseltine Cole, A. Loyalty — Omicron. The Active Chapter — The Alum- 
na — Bertha E. Wood, B. Pan-Hellenic Banquet a Success (Fourth An- 
nual, Des Moines, la). Illustrations — University of California (3) ; Bal- 
timore After the Fire (4). 

Vol. XIII, No. 3. June, 1904. 

A College that Honors Character and Fosters It. (Knox). From 
the Interior. Call for Sixth National Convention (Galesburg). A Con- 
vention Thought from Eta — Annie Laurie Sherburne, H, June's Induce- 
ments — Ethel Connor, E. The Star of Faith, Poem — Jessie F. Lockman, 
©. The Snob at College — E. Von Bodenstedt, ©. Fraternity Type — 
Rose Johnson, P. To Deltas of '04 — Lela M. Klampe, 9. Odds and Ends — 
Camille F. Wheeler, A. Sigma's Robin — Jessie L. Keene, 2. Report of 
Fraternity Examination (1904). Wisconsin's Jubilee. Pan-Hellenic As- 
sociation at the University of Vermont. Inter-Sorority Conference Re- 
ports on the Four Motions and Pan-Hellenic Associations. Illustrations 
— Epsilon Chapter, Knox College and Galesburg (6). 



THE TRIDENT — TABLE OF CONTENTS. 63 

Vol. XIII, No. 4. September, 1904. 

Convention Impressions, A,, A, M, r, 2, O, P, n, A. The Social Side 
of our convention. Reflections upon Retiring from Office — Lucy Osborne 
Searle, 2. Impressions of India — Clara Emily Moore, O. Report of Mu 
Chapter, 1903-1904 — Edith Johnson, delegate. Tri Deltas in St. Louis. 
Life at Boston University — Alma Drayton Stone, A. Incorporated Fra- 
ternities (Ex.) Illustrations — Rho Chapter, Sec, Treas., Mar. and His., 
1904-1906. 

Vol. XIV, No. 1. December, 1904. 

The Inernational Institute League — Charlotte E. Joslin, A. Univer- 
sity- of Pennsylvania — Eleanor Fulton Karsner, SK University of Mis- 
sissippi — M. L. Rea, X. Iowa University — E. M. Dunham, #. Bucknell — 
G. L. M. Tri Deltas at Geneva— A. H. O. Report of the Third Inter- 
Sorority Conference. The Initiation of Psi, Phi and Chi. Illustrations — 
University of Mississippi (2); Chi Chapter; Phi Chapter. 

Vol. XIV, No. 2. March, 1905. 

On the Trail of Pizarro — Edith Farrell Staver, O. How the Pan- 
Hellenic Organization Works. The Inauguration of Charles William 
Dabney — Louise E. Bentley, Z. Illustrations — Elizabeth Tumbleson 
Leutscher, Grand President, 1904-1906 ; University of Mississippi, Tau 
Chapter. 

Vol. XIV, No. 3. June, 1905. 

Woman's Unfitness for Higher Co-Education, by Ely Van De Warker, 
M. D. M. Katherine Ratterman, Z, A Plea for the Formation of Alliances 
— Rose Scott, P. The Development of New Material in a Chapter — Camille 
Florence Wheeler, A. Pansies, Poem — Margaret E. Donahoe, 2. A Plea 
for the Alumnae — Joanna Pruitt, n. How Sigma Keeps in Touch with 
the Alumnae — Maude Stuart Newell, 2. Report on Motions 1 and 2, sub- 
mitted the second time by the Inter- Sorority Conference. What Cali- 
fornia Deltas are doing toward Forming an Alumnae Association. What 
One Alliance has Done for its Active Chapter, Eta. Report of Fraternity 
Examination (1905). Illustrations — Delta Chapter House; Room in Mu 
Chapter House; Omicron Chapter House; Psi Chapter Rooms. 

Vol. XIV, No. 4. September, 1905. 

A Day on Pilatus — Ivy Kellerman, N. Phi Beta Kappa at the Wom- 
an's College. The Fraternity Ideal. An Echo from Silver Bay. The 
Greek Games at Barnard — Katherine Louise Rapp, P. Before and After 
Taking — Ruth Elona White. Report of the Inter-Sorority Conference 
Committee (Statistics on Social Conditions). Pi Chapter, University of 
California — Joanna Pruitt, II. Chapter Publications (Ex.) Plupy Shute 
Joins a Fraternity (Ex.) 

Vol. XV, No. 1. December, 1905. 

A Tri-Delta as Sponsor — Ora Allen, A. Randolph-Macon Woman's 
College — Ethel Bradshaw Chappell, A £. Initation of Alpha Xi. Could 
We But Know, Poem — Florence Josephine Mastin, P. Report of the 
Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference. Up Pike's Peak — Epsilon, '02. Beta 
Province Convention (Dec. 8-9, 1905), Evanston, 111. Illustrations — 
Randolph-Macon (4) ; R. Louise Fitch (visiting delegate), Psi Chapter, 
Alpha Xi Chapter. 

Vol. XV, No. 2. March, 1906. 

Call for Seventh National Convention. Two points of View. Story 



64 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

—Ruth Elona White, *. To-morrow, Poem, Leola Allard, T. Pan- 
Hellenics (Des Moines, Waterloo). The Purpose of "Woman's League" 
— Amy H. Olgen, T. Stastical Table (Sororities). Illustrations — 
Omicron Chapter House; Syracuse University (2). 

Vol. XV, No. 3. June, 1906. 

Alumnae Associations — R. Louise Fitch, E. What Fraternity Means 
to an Alumna — Mary Washington Ball, A S. Result of Fraternity Exam- 
ination, 1906 — Katherine Ratterman, Z. The Madison Problem — Amy H. 
Olgen, T. The Value of the Fraternity to the Alumnus — Fannie C. 
Watson, A. 

Vol. XV, No. 4. September, 1906. 

Seventh National Convention. House Parties. Illustrations — Syra- 
cuse Convention. Grand Council (1906-8), House Parties. Convention 
Snap-shots. 

Vol. XVI, No. 1. December, 1906. 

New House at Baldwin, Kansas. The Waterloo Conference — Edna 
Gould, 0. Report of the Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference. Fraternity 
Charters granted since Last edition of Baird (Ex). The Province Sys- 
tem (Ex). The Influence of Fraternities in Secondary Schools — Spen- 
cer R. Smith. Illustrations — Lambda Chapter House (4). New Flag. 

Vol. XVI, No. 2. February, 1907. 

Heraldy and Its History — Greeting to Tri Delta, Poem — Edith 
Marion Patch, ©. Mrs. J. Ellen Foster. Illustrations — Coat of Arm6 
of A A A. 

Vol. XVI, No. 3. April, 1907. 

The Fraternity Song Book — Rowena Whittier, M. Short Poems, Z. 
Incidents (House Party, A. "All things come to him who waits," B, 
Toboggan Party, H). College Clubs Being Formed. (Chicago) College 
Women at Dayton, Ohio. Seventh Pan-Hellenic Banquet (Des Moines, 
la.) Is chosen Y. M. C. A. Secretary. Poem. Some New Songs. Il- 
lustrations — Bessie (Leach) Priddy, r, at work on History. Music 
Plates (4). 

Vol. XVI, No. 4. June, 1907. 

Fraternity History irublished (Review of A A A History). Con- 
fessions of an Alliance Member, Z. The Inter Sorority Hand Book. 
Results of Examination. Whom to Rush. Incidents. ( House Parties, 
A 3, X, A, Sugarin'off, H. More Good Times, A.) Pan-Hellenics ar- 
ranged for Next Year. News From Panama. Illustrations. Samples 
of History Illustrations (13 pages). 

ALUMNAE. 

Alpha Alliance Vol. II, No. 1 

Opening of Alumnae Department Vol. V, No. 3 

The Chicago Alliance Vol. IV, No. 3 ; Vol, VI, No. 4 

Epsilon Alliance Vol. V, No. 3 ; Vol. VII, No. 3 

Zeta Alliance Vol. VII, No. 2 

Gamma Alliance Vol. VII, No. 2 

Sigma Alliance Vol. VII, No. 4 

Discussion of Ex-Member Question Vol. VII, No. 3 

First Alumnae Alliance Session Vol. VIII, No. 1 

Lambda Alliance Vol. VIII, No. 3 

Omicron Alliance (Founding) Vol. X. Nos. 2 & 3 

Theta Alliance Vol. XI, No. 3 



THE TRIDENT — TABLE OF CONTENTS. 65 

Eta Alliance Vol. XII, No. 2 

Delta Alliance Vol. XII, No. 3 

Beta Alliance Vol. XIII, No. 2 

Rho Alliance Vol. XIV, No. 1 

What California Deltas are doing in Alliance Vol. XIV, No. 3 

Denver Alliance Vol. XV, No. 1 

Mu Alliance Vol. XV. No. 2 

Los Angeles Alliance Vol. XV, No. 2 

Kappa Alliance. . Vol. XV, No. 3 

Alumnae Associations Vol. XV, No. 3 

CHAPTER HOUSES. 

Omicron Vol. X, No. 3 ; Vol. XII, No. 4 

Omicron, (Illus.) Vol. XIV, No. 3 ; Vol. XV, No. 2 

Pi Vol. X, No. 3 

Mu, (Illus.) Vol. XIV, No. 3 

Delta, (Illus.) Vol. XIV, No. 3 

Psi, (Rooms), (Illus.) Vol. XIV, No. 3 

Lambda, (Illus.) Vol. XVI, No. 1 

CONVENTIONS. 

First National, 1893, Galesburg, 111 Vol. Ill, No. 1 

Second National, 1894, Canton, N. Y Vol. IV, No. 1 

Alpha Province, First, 1895,! Boston, Mass Vol. V, No. 1 

Beta Province. First, 1895, Ann Arbor, Mich Vol. V, NO. 1 

Third National, 1897, Minneapolis, Minn Vol. VII, No. 1 

Beta Province, Second, 1898, Galesburg, 111 Vol. VIII, No. 1 

Alpha Province, Second. 1898, Canton, N. Y Vol. VIII, No. 2 

Beta Province, Third, 1899, Adrian, Mich Vol. IX, No. 1 

Alpha Province, Third, 1899. Burlington, Vt Vol. IX, No. 2 

Gamma Province, Third, 1899, Baldwin, Kansas Vol. IX, No. 2 

Fourth National, 1900, Cincinnati, Ohio Vol. IX, No. 4 

Fifth National, 1902, Boston, Mass Vol XI, No. 4 

Sixth National, 1904, Galesburg, 111 Vol. XIII, No. 4 

Beta Province, Fourth, 1905, Evanston, 111. Vol. XV, No. 1 

Seventh National, 1906, Syracuse, N. Y Vol. XV, No; 4 

ESTABLISHMENT OF CHAPTERS. 

Commemorative of Alpha, Boston University Vol. I, No. 1 

Commemorative of Gamma, Adrian College. Vol. I. No. 2 

Commemorative of Delta Deuteron, Simpson College Vol. T, No. 3 

Commemorative of Epsilon, Knox College Vol. II, No. 1 

Only letter received from Delta, Iowa Agricultural College. .Vol. I, No. 2 

Beta, St. Lawrence University Vol. I. No. 2 

Zeta, University of Cincinnati Vol. I, No. 3; Vol. II, No. 1 

Eta, University of Vermont Vol. II, No. 2 

Theta, University of Minnesota Vol. III. Nos. 2 & 3 

Iota, University of Michigan Vol. IV, No. 1 

Iota, Charter Surrender ' Vol. IX, No. 4 

Kappa, University of Nebraska Vol. IV, No. 2 

Lambda. Baker University Vol. IV, No. 3 

Sigma, Wesleyan University Vol. IV, No. 3 

Upsilon, Northwestern University Vol. V, No. 1 

Nu, Ohio State University Vol. V, Nos. 2 and 3 

Omicron, Syracuse University Vol. VI, No. 1 

Mu, University of Wisconsin Vol. VII, No. 3 

Xi, Woman's College, Baltimore. .Vol. VIII, No. 2, 4 and Vol. IX, No. 1 
Pi, University of California Vol. IX, No. 3 



66 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Rho, Columbia University Vol. XII, No. 4 

Tau Bucknell University 

Phi, University of Iowa Vol. XIV, No. 1 

Chi, University of Mississippi Vol. XIV, No. 1 

Psi, University of Pennsylvania Vol. XIV, No. 1 

Alpha Xi, Randolph-Macon Vol. XV, No. 1 

EXAMINATION REPORTS. 

Suggestion for Examinations (Ed.) Vol. V, No. 1 

Report of Second Annual Examination, 1899 Vol. VIII, No. 3 

Report of Third Annual Examination, 1900 Vol. IX, No. 3 

Report of Fourth Annual Examination, 1901 VoL X, No. 3 

Report of Fifth Annual Examination, 1902 Vol. XI, No. 4 

Combined Report of Examinations, 1898-1903. (Sixth Annual) 

Vol. XII, No. 3 

Report of Seventh Annual Examination, 1904 Vol. XIII, No. 3 

Report of Eighth Annual Examination, 1905 Vol. XIV, No. 3 

Report of Ninth Annual Examination, 1906 Vol. XV, No. 3 

Report of Tenth Annual Examination, 1907, Vol. XVI, No. 3 

INSTITUTIONS AND THEIR CITIES.* 

Student Life at Boston University. Vol. 1, No. 2 

The University of Vermont ' '. .Vol. II, No. 2 

The University of Minnesota Vol. Ill, No. 3 

Wesleyan University Vol: IV, No. 3 

Women in the University of Michigan Vol. IV, No. 3 

Baker University Vol. V, No. 1 

Adrian College Vol. V. No. 2 

Simpson College Vol. V, No. 4 

The University of Michigan . .• Vol. VI, No. 1 

Ohio State University Vol. VI, No. 3 

Cincinnati as an Educational Center Vol. VI, No. 3 

A Glimpse of the Twin Cities Vol. VI, No. 3 

Boston as an Educational Center Vol. VI, No. 4 

Chicago as an Educational Center Vol. VI, No. 4 

College Life in Colorado and Boston Vol. VII, No. 2 

Columbus as an Educational Center Vol. VII, No. 2 

University of Wisconsin Vol. VII, No. 4 

Woman's College,! Baltimore Vol. VIII, No. 2 

Social Life at Syracuse Vol. VIII, No. 8 

The University of California Vol. IX, No. 3 

The University of Wisconsin Vol. IX, No. 3 

The University of Cincinnati Vol. IX, No. 4 

Cincinnati — Home of Trident Vol. X, No. 1 

Self-Government at Wisconsin Vol. XI, No. 1 

The University Settlement, Cincinnati Vol. XI, No. 2 

Baltimore — The New Home of Trident Vol. XII, No. 1 

Syracuse University Vol. XII, No. 2 

Boston University Vol. XII, No. 3 

Northwestern University • Vol. XII, No. 3 

Settlement Work in California Vol. XII, No. 3 

Barnard College Vol. XIII, No. 1 

Domestic Science in O. S. U Vol. XIII, No. 1 

A Glimpse of Life at University of California Vol. XIII, No. 2 

Knox College (A College that honors, etc.) Vol. XIII, No. 3 

Life at Boston University Vol. XIII, No. 4 

University of Pennsylvania Vol. XIV, No. 1 

University of Mississippi Vol. XIV, No. 1 

University of Iowa , Vol. XIV, No. 1 



THE TRIDENT TABLE OF CONTENTS. 67 

Bucknell University Vol. XIV, No. 1 

Phi Beta Kappa, the Baltimore Woman's College Vol. XIV, No. 4 

The Greek Games at Barnard Vol. XIV, No. 4 

Randolph-Macon Woman's College Vol. XV, No. 1 

INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCES. 

first with Alpha Phi, Chicago, 1902 Vol. XI, No. 4 
econd with Gamma Phi Beta, St. Louis, 1903. Partial Reports 

Vol. XII, No. 2; Vol. XIII, No. 3 

Third with Delta Gamma, Chicago, 1904 Vol. XIV, No. 1 

Report on Motions 1 and 2 (second time submitted) ... .Vol. XIV, No. 2 

Report of Inter- Sorority Conference Committee Vol. XIV, No. 4 

Fourth with Delta Delta Delta, Chicago, 1905 Vol. XV, No. 1 

The Madison Problem Vol. XV, No. 3 

Fifth with Alpha Xi Delta, Chicago, 1906 Vol. XVI, No. 1 

PAN-HELLENIC AND FRATERNITY NOTES. 

Report of First Woman's Pan-Hellenic Convention Vol. I, No. 1 

The College Fraternity at the World's Fair Vol. II, No. 1 

The Fraternity Exhibit Vol. II, No. 2 

The Fraternity Congress (World's Fair) Vol. Ill, No. 1 

Sorority Statistics Vol. IV, No. 1 

The First Sorosis Vol. VII, No. 1 

Pan-Hellenism .Vol. VII, No. 4, and Vol. VIII, No. 3 

Some Possible Causes of Origin of Am. College Frat Vol. X, No. 4 

Baltimore Pan-Hellenic Vol. XII, No. 2 

Kappa Alpha Theta on Rushing Vol. XII, No. 2 

Pan-Hellenic Des Moines, Fourth Vol. XIII, No. 2 

Pan-Hellenic Association, University of Vermont Vol. XIII, No. 3 

Incorporated Fraternities Vol. XIII, No. 4 

How the Pan-Hellenics Work Vol. XIII, No. 2 

Pan-Hellenics, Des Moines, Waterloo Vol. XV, No. 2 

Statistical Tables, Sororities Vol. XV, No. 2 

Chapter Publications Vol. XV, No. 4 

Fraternity Charters granted since last Edition of Baird. .Vol. XVI, No. 1 

The Province System Vol. XVI, No. 1 

The Influence of Fraternities in Secondary Schools Vol. XVI, No. 1 

Pan Hellenic Banquet at Des Moines, Iowa, (Seventh) . .Vol. XVI, No. 3 

Inter Sorority Hand Book: Vol. XVI, No. 4 

Pan Hellenics Arrange for 1907 Vol. XVI, No. 4 

Vol. I. 3 Nos. Editor-in-Chief, Emily Frances Allen. Business 
Managers, Clara Grace Ayers, A ; Charlotte Elizabeth Joslin, A. Pub- 
lished by Alpha Chapter, Boston, Mass. Cover, light blue. Lettering, 
"The Trident," gold, ornate Capital ; pps. 106 

Vol. II. Only changes ; Business managers, Carrie D. Beddoe, A. 
Alice V. Currier, A ; pps. 71. 

Vol. III. Only changes. Business Managers, Alice V. Currier, 
Luella Eaton, A ; pps. 101. 

Vol. IV Only changes : Business Managers, Mary F. Rich, A, Luella 
Eaton, A ; pps. 104. 

Vol. V. 4 Nos. Only changes : Alumnae Editor, Bertha Lee Gard- 
ner, A. Business Managers, Mary Franz Rich, A; Emily H. Hall, 
A. Cover, lettering plain ; pps. 134. 

Vol VI. Only changes: Business Managers, Anjeanette G. Atwood, A. 
Addie R. Santon, A ; pps. 149. 

Vol. VII. Only changes : Alumnae Editor, F. Maude Howe. Business 



68 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Managers, Daisy A. Boon 0, Ivy Kellerman, N, Louise Robinson, 9 
Lettering, "The Trident of Delta Delta Delta;" pps. 198. 

Vol. VIII. Only changes : No Alumnae editor. Business Managers, 
Daisy A. Boon, O, Ivy Kellerman, N, Xela Klampe, © ; pps. 200. 

Vol. IX. Only changes; pps. 205. 

"Vol. X. Editor in Chief, Julia E. Closterman, Z. Business Manag- 
ers, Anjannette Atwood, A, Gertrude Stillman, M, Alice A. Olds, 9. 
Edited by Zeta Chapter, Cincinnati, O. Cover, white. Lettering, "The 
Trident — Delta Delta Delta" and Design, blue and gold: pps. 192. 

Vol. XI. Only changes : pps. 200. 

Vol. XII. Editor in Chief, E. Anna Harrison, S. Business Manag- 
er, Mildred Rife, S. Edited by Xi Chapter, Baltimore, Md. Cover, dark 
green. Lettering, gold, plain, "The Trident" pps. 210 

Vol. XIII Staff the same. Cover, white. Lettering the same ; pps. 
229. 

Vol. XIV. Only changes. Editor in Chief, Mary Taylor Abercrom- 
bie, 3. Cover dark brown. Lettering, same : pps. 260. 

Vol. XV. Editor-in-Chief and Business Manager, R. Louise Fitch, E 
Cover, dark green. Lettering and design, black: pps. 278. 

Vol. XVI. Only Changes pps. 409. 

Triton 

The Seventh National Convention authorized the publication 
of a Private Bulletin to appear simultaneously with the Trident 
and to be under the same management. It is to be of a variable 
size, as occasion demands. To quote the editor: "Its purpose 
is two-'fold, to curtail the work of the grand officers and more 
thoroughly to acquaint the members of Tri Delta with the work of 
the Council and the problems which continually confront the fra- 
ternity. Convention, Council and Chapter reports, suggestions 
and directions to chapter officers, reports on endowment fund ; in 
short, the private business of the society will be reserved for 
these pages." • 

The Executive Committee of the Grand Council have be- 
stowed the name of "Triton" upon this secret magazine. 

Volume I has been issued, the first number containing twenty 
octavo pages, the second, ten, third thirteen, and the 
fourth thirty-five. No. 1 of Vol. II is just issued and contains 
ten pages. Accompanying the second was a colored print of the 
new official flag design, adopted by the Seventh Convention. 

Pamphlets 

Probably the most extensive pamphlet issued by the sorority 
v.as compiled and edited in 1906 by K. Ccurtenay Johnston (Pi), 
Grand Vice President of Gamma Province. It was entitled 
"Chapter House Ownership" and reported the conditions prevail- 



PUBLICATIONS PAMPHLETS. 69 

ing September, 1905, in those universities and colleges where 
chapters of Delta Delta Delta were located. Besides giving data 
as to chapter houses or halls rented or owned by all sororities in 
these schools and summarizing the conditions as reported in 
Delta Delta Delta, a set of "Recommendations for Ownership" 
was given, showing "Methods of Building" and a synopsis of the 
expense accounts for the running of the chapter houses of Omi- 
cron, Syracuse, N. Y., Mu, Madison, Wis., and Pi, Berkley, Cal., 
(east, central, west) during October, 1905. 

Particulars of the plan of building the Lambda Chapter 
House, Baldwin, Kansas, and of the accumulation of Pi Chapter's 
Furniture Fund were also appended. 

The Pamphlet contained fourteen octavo pages. 

The following blank reports were issued for 1906 for each 
chapter and alliance and filed as filled and read for convention : 

Report for Year Ending 

Of Chapter. At (College or U) 

In (city and state) Established (date) 

No. returning at opening of Fall term No. initiated during year 

No. transferred (state from which chapter) Total No. actives 

No. bid by other fraternities (which) 

Lost to other fraternities (which) 

Pres. of Pan H (Frat.) Pledge dav 

Fixed bv Pan H. or Faculty 

Object of Pan H 

Fraternities at College in order of establishment, with date. (Not pro- 
fessional.) 
Men's Women's 



No. students enrolled in all departments. Men Women 

No. women in collegiate departments .... Professional, music, art, etc ... . 

Entire amount of income for year How received 

(dues, gifts, etc.) 

Entire expenditure For what (house, social affairs, etc) 

House, Own ? . . . . Rent ? . . . . No. rooms .... No. living in house 

Rent rooms ? How many? Rent paid per year for house 

or rooms Property rented (aside from house) 

Value Property owned Value 

If house is owned, how was money obtained 

Indebtedness For what ? Surplus in treasury 

Amount chapter endowment How obtained 

Have you a complete file of Tridents ? Complete chapter history ? 

Positions held during the year 

Honors won 

Delegate to Convention 

REPORT OF ALLIANCE. 

At (city) , for year ending 190. . 

Alliance established (date) 

No. resident members No. non-resident members. . . . Total 

Meetings held (time and place) 



70 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Nature of meetings 

Annual expenditures (aside from Grand and Trident dues) 

For what ? 

Property owned or rented 

(Convention Delegate) 

Chapter Record Books 

By the order of the Seventh National Convention, uniform 
Chapter Record Books have been issued to each chapter. 

The technical description of the chapter books is "Flexible 
loose leaf binders, with three rings. Made of best red buffing 
leather, size 9 x 11. In center of outside cover, stamped in gold, 
is the stamp of stars and crescent. The ruling of Treasurer's 
book is the regular ledger ruling, of Historian and Secretary five 
faint (5 faint)." 

Model record pages are enclosed in each Treasurer's and Sec- 
retary's book, while in each Historian's book is a complete out- 
line providing for the keeping of a narrative history of each 
year, an undergraduate and post graduate record of each initiate 
and tables of initiations, social functions, college honors, gradua- 
tions, deaths, marriages and births, with a complete index sys- 
tem. 

An annual inspection of these books will be made and from 
these records the chapter officers will fill their report blanks foi 
the respective Grand Council Officers. 

Directories 

The first official directory of Tri Delta was published as an 
appendix to the Trident number of June, 1894, and was com- 
piled by Charlotte E. Joslin, of Alpha, at that time Grand Sec- 
retary. This contained the roll of eight chapters and comprised 
a list of two hundted and thirty-six names with their addresses. 
Miss Joslin issued a separate printed directory for each of the 
next three years and to the Directory of 1896, a page of fraternity 
statistics was added, compiled by Sarah Ida Shaw Martin, then 
Commissioner of Education. The plan of this directory has been 
followed in general by the succeeding secretaries each year. 

The Directory for 1904 contained a list of twenty-two active 
chapters and the lists of officers for nine Alumnae Alliances. One 
thousand three hundred and forty names and addresses were 
listed but this was not a full list of fraternity membership, as no 



PUBLICATIONS — CATALOGUES. 71 

names were given from the two defunct chapters or names whose 
addresses were not obtained. 

Nine directories or membership lists have been issued. The 
Seventh National Convention ordered the publication of a direc- 
tory for 1906-1908 that will be somewhat more of a catalogue 
in nature. 

Catalogues 

A card catalogue of the members of the fraternity was or- 
dered by the Grand Council of 1904-1906. This has been col- 
lected and filed by Grand Marshal Edna Wharton Hoch, and the 
following is a copy of the blank form used : 

PRINT Is Ink. plainly. 



Delta 


Delta Delta 


Chapter 


Name 








No. 


State 






City 




Street and Number 


Initiated. Date 






Place 




Offices held in Chapter 


Transferred to 






Chapter. Date 




Date of Graduation 






or of Leaving School 




Post Graduate Study at 






Date 




Honors won, offices held 


in Co 


liege 











Initiated into 



Present Address 



Married Name 



Honors Won lince leaving school (with dates) 



Positions held since leaving school (with dates) 



Present Occupation 

Miscellaneous 



72 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

There is now going to press for 1900-1908 a catalogue of 
Delta Delta Delta which contains the usual data of name, mar- 
ried name and address of members in alphabetical order and chap- 
ter lists, Alumnae Alliance lists, with positions indicated by marks 
and type. A list according to geographical distribution is also 
included and a map of the United States, showing Chapter and 
Alliance locations. 

Constitutions 

During the early history of the fraternity, the Constitution 
was supplied the members and chapters in typewritten copies 
only, but after the Third National Convention (1897), a printea 
Constitution was issued. This has been four times revised and 
reprinted, 1900, 1902, 1904, 1906. 

The size of the printed Constitutions has been 12 mo. The 
covers of the first two were light blue, lettered in gold, and bore 
three golden Deltas above and below lettering. The third issue, 
1902, had yellow covers and black lettering. The fourth, 1904, 
was again bound in blue and nothing appeared on the cover but a 
fac-simile of the badge in gilt. The fifth issue of the Constitu- 
tion, as revised by the Seventh National Convention (1906), ha-; 
just been issued. It is bound in brown, lettered in black and 
contains thirty-two pages, with a leaflet insert of important Con- 
vention rulings. 

Convention Reports 

The Convention reports have always been typewritten cop- 
ies, are verbatim and issued immediately to each chapter and 
officer. Condensed reports are published in the next number of 
the Trident with full descriptions of the accompanying social 
events. 

All but two of the Province Convention reports were quite 
fully given in the Trident. 

The Seventh National Convention marked an innovation in 
bringing out Convention reports. The social features and the 
representation were reported in the Trident, while the verbatim 
minutes of the Convention were printed in full in the Triton 
(Vol. I, No. 1), in this way reaching all those engaged in active 
work. 



PUBLICATIONS — RITUALS. 73 

■ >. 

Rituals 

The ritual work of the three degrees of Delta Delta Delta is 
of course not sent to the press. But one typewritten copy is is- 
sued to each Chapter or Alliance. 

The pledging system was made formal and binding by the 
issuing of ritual work for the Trident or Pledging Degree. The 
Stars and Crescent Degree has been worked on by a Ritual Com- 
mittee at each Convention but no integral changes have ever been 
made. 

The ritual for the Circle or Alliance Degree was compiled by 
practically the same hands as the two former degrees and has 
suffered but little revision. 

A Post Initiation Lecture, prepared by Ida Shaw Martin, has 
been issued to each chapter. The full meaning of Tri Delta obli- 
gations and the elaborate and intricate details of the symbolisms 
are therein explained. 

Songs 

The songs of Tri Delta had as their nucleus a collection made 
by Alpha Chapter in the first year of its history. Written copies 
were sent out to the first few chapters. The first copies con- 
tained twelve songs. 

A committee on Song Book has been at work through three 
convention periods, collecting the songs of the various chapters 
and those from time to time published in the Trident. The result 
of their labors finally came into the hands of Louise Chamberlain 
Stahn, Xi, who by her own efforts and the untiring assistance of 
K. Courtenay Johnston, Pi, succeeded on Oct. 19, 1905, in send- 
ing to the press the first Tri Delta Song Book. 

The volume is bound in blue cloth and bears its title in gold, 
"Songs of Delta Delta Delta." The only ornamentation is a fac : 
simile of the Stars and Crescent, also in gold. 

The volume is divided into seven parts, Initiation Songs, Em- 
blem Songs, Songs of Loyalty and Endeavor, In Lighter Vein, 
Songs of Friendship, Farewell Songs, Reunion Songs. There 
are forty-seven songs in all. Only those were selected for this 
volume in which both music and words were deemed suitable and 
in nearly every case the full score of music for voice and piano 
has been printed. 



74 



HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



Original music appears by K. Courtenay Johnston, Pi ; M. 
Louise Johnston, Pi, and Annette Tarleton, Delta. 

There is an index of titles and first lines. 

There also appears a contributor's list, with Chapter's 
credits in the book, as follows : 

CONTRIBUTORS. . 

The following Chapters have contributed to the Song Book : 
Alpha — Ten Songs. 



Christine E. Jansson Howard : 

Emblem Song. 
Ada A. Cole: 

Ta Hiera 

Delta Land. 

Boston Tri-Delta Song. 

Pine Tree Chorus. 

Poseidon Song. 



Sarah Ida Shaw Martin : 

Hazing Song. 
Myrtie May Burdett: 

Rushing Song. 
Emily Frances Allen : 

Hail! Noble Delta! Hail! 

Should Delta Sisters E'er Forget 



Beta — One Song. 



Gamma — One Song. 



Edith W. Wait Colson: 
The Pansy. 

Bessie M. Leach Priddy : 
Soft O'er My Spirit. 

Delta — Two Songs. 
Annette Tarleton: 

Tri Delta Alliance. 
Once Again is Friendship Strengthened. 

Epsilon — Three Songs. 
Alma Thompson : 
Initiation Song. 
Our Songs of Grateful Love. 
Reunion Song. 

Zeta — Two Songs. 
Lucy M. Lamdin : Adele J. Bentley : 

Gold as the Stars. Delta Tried and True. 



E. Edna Todd : 
Song of Praise. 

Mary E. Mott. 
Deltas Three. 



Iota — One Song. 



Omicron — One Song. 



Anonymous : 
Farewell Song. 
The Flower's Message. 
In Memoriam. , 

Shall There be Days so Fair as 

These 
Pure of Heart as Snowdrops Are. 



Xi — Twelve Songs. 

Louise Chamberlain Stahn : 
Commencement Hymn. 
Gently the Day Adown the West. 
Ye Who Sleep, Awake ! Awake ! 
Come, Delta Sisters, and Gather. 
Earth and Air are Laughing. 
Dark the Night, 
Vive le Fille. 



Pi — Thirteen Songs. 
M. Louise Johnston : Sea Chanteys. 

The Maiden and the Moon. Reunion Song. 

Round — I Wish I Had Studied. Song of Triumph. 

Rest is Best. The Mystic Call. 



PUBLICATIONS — SONGS. 75 

K. Courtenay Johnston : African Melodies. 

Farewell Song. Eleanor Stewart Hammack : 

In Our Circle's Charmed Spell. Share and Share the Same. 

Hail to the Crescent. The Pansy and the Pine. 
Sigma — One Song. 
Margaret E. Donahue : 

Nature's Song to Tri Delta. 

Of these songs, Emblem Song, Hazing Song, Rushing Song, 
Hail! Noble Delta! Hail! and Should Delta Sisters E'er Forget, 
are the oldest. 

Marches, waltzes and two-steps have also been written for 
and dedicated to Tri Delta and to some of her separate Chapters. 

The convention of 1902 appointed as Solicitors of Songs for 
the Song Book: 

K. Courtenay Johnston, Pi ; Daisy Bonnell, Kappa ; Rogerta 
Dickinson, Upsilon. Judges : Louise Stahn, Xi ; Sara Peckover, 
Alpha; Mary C. Paddock, Eta. 



CONVENTIONS OF 
DELTA DELTA DELTA 



National 

The first inter-chapter conference of Delta Delta Delta wa.j 
held with Alpha Chapter in Boston, April 20th, 1891. The de- 
liberating body consisted of the active Alpha Chapter and dele- 
gates, Edith Noon, of Delta, and Bessie M. Leach, of Gamma. 
The publication of the Trident was the important thing provided 
for at this time. Emily Frances Allen (Alpha) was elected Ed- 
itor-in-Chief and the business management of the magazine was 
placed with Alpha Chapter. 

FIRST NATIONAL CONVENTION, 

The First National Convention of Delta Delta Delta was 
called by Grand Chapter Alpha, to meet with Epsilon Chapter, 
at Knox College, Galesburg, Illinois, May 24-26, 1893. Up to 
this time Alpha Chapter had managed the affairs of the national 
fraternity under the supervision of a Grand President, Sarah 
Ida Shaw. Looking backward now this first Convention looks 
like a small beginning but it was an effective one. But four of 
the eight chapters were represented but so many of the Epsilon 
Alumnae were in attendance that something over forty Tri Del- 
tas were present at the sessions. Bessie M. Leach, of Gamma, 
had been deputized as presiding officer, and Patsie Ingersoll, of 
Epsilon, was elected Secretary. 

The Convention revised the constitution, revised and elab- 
orated both' the pledging or Trident Degree, the Second or Stars 
and Crescent Degree, and provided a place for its Alumnae Al- 
liances already forming, also officially authorized the "Alumnae 
Obligation or Degree" to be used as prepared by the founders, 
and this is now known as the Third or Circle Degree. The Al- 
umnae work was placed in the hands of Alpha Alumnae Alliance. 

Besides the election of the first grand council and discus- 
sions on cuts, badges, etc., a convention system was arranged to 
consist of a National Convention to be held once in three years, 

(76) 



FIRST NATIONAL CONVENTION. 77 

beginning with 1894, and an annual Province Convention system. 
A tax was levied for the support of the Trident and the man- 
agement of the same commended. 

The charter of Delta Chapter was surrendered, the name 
of Delta Deuteron changed to Delta, and the Delta list affil- 
iated with the Delta Deuteron roll. (The change in the nam- 
ing system was again confirmed by the Third Convention.) 

This convention authorized the call for the Second National 
Convention, to be held with Beta in 1894. 

REPRESENTATION. 

VOTING DELEGATES. 

Alpha Martha Eveleth. Epsilon Patsie Ingersoll. 

Gamma Bessie M. Leach. Almedia Laurson. 

Delta Hattie B. Morley. 

VISITORS. 

Twenty active Epsilon members. Fourteen ex-members and alum- 
nae of Epsilon. 

SOCIAL FEATURES. 

Wednesday Evening, May 24th— Friday Evening, May 26th — Con- 
Reception. • ' vention Reception and Pan- 
Thursday Evening, May 25th — Hellenic Ball. 
Dinner. (See Trident, Vol. Ill, No. 1.) 

The following is a list of members of Epsilon Chapter who 
were all in all probability in attendance at the First National 
Convention. No record was kept of the unofficial delegates at 
that time. 

Six of these were alumnae of Epsilon. the remainder active. 

Blanche George. Fannie Sisson. -^" 

Elizabeth Camp. Edith Wylie. 

Nelle Bassett. May Roberts. 

Ethel Egan. Lillian Em rich. 

Grace Hoffman. Martha Stone. 

Ella Milchrist. Alta Marsh. 

Patsie Ingersoll. Mabel Crocker. 

Almedia Laurson. Janet Greig. — 

Grace Matteson. Lulu Conklin. 

— -Nell McCool. Lena Staat. 

Evelyn Ogden. Mabel Worden. 

Blanche Aldrich. Dorothy Lee. 

Nelle Staat. Blanche Hinman. 

Perla Gilbert.- Martha Barden. — " 
Genevieve Perrin. 

The banquet after the First convention was an informal but 
very pretty affair, and its program was impromptu. 

The ball was the event of the convention and its being the 



78 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

first, it seems that the following quaint description from a local 
Galesburg paper will perhaps be interesting and amusing. 

PAN-HELLENIC RECEPTION. 
Brilliant Display of Costumes by Those in Attendance. 

The most elaborate social event of the season in fraternity circles was 
the reception held last evening in the Armory Hall. Delegates are here 
attending the National Convention of the Tri Delta sorosis. All the fra- 
ternities of the college had been invited to the reception by the Epsilon 
Chapter of Knox, and showed their appreciation of the courtesy extended 
to them by their general attendance. The guests were received and most 
heartily welcomed by the following committee of Tri Deltas : 

Miss Greig, wearing yellow silk dress with lilies of the valley. 

Miss Wylie, gray and white silk. 

Miss Matteson, moon-on-the-lake silk. 

Miss Eveleth, gray crepe with red roses. 

Miss Berry, green brocade silk with pink roses. 

Miss Leach, white satin. 

The guests began to assemble shortly after 8 o'clock and soon the 
company numbered one hundred and fifty rich and handsomely dressed 
young people. 

Besides the members of the different fraternities here there were, 
present Mr. and Mrs. Parley Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. John Comstock, 
Mr. and Mrs. S. C. Ayers, Dr. and Mrs. Aldrich, Mr. and Mrs. Ed 
Parry, Mrs. George Perrin, Mrs. Asa Matteson, Mrs. Leroy Marsh, Mrs. 
Alden Marsh, Mrs. Egan, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Matteson, Mr. and Mrs. 
Frank Matteson, Dr. W. E. Simonds, Prof. Pratt, Miss Florence Lee, 
Mr. Mack Tanner, of Chicago, Mr. Weir, of Cambridge. 

After spending a time in getting acquainted and in conversation, a 
short dance programme was announced, and those who are lovers of that 
amusement found ample opportunity for enjoyment in the waltz and 
other fancy steps of the dance. Frappe was served from one corner of 
the hall. The music was furnished by the Ideal Orchestra of this city, 
and was all that any one could wish, their playing delighting the entire 
company. 

There was noticed in a prominent part of the hall a beautiful bou- 
quet of roses tied with the Tri Delta colors, the gift of the Phi Delta 
Theta boys of the college. 

The dancing closed about 1 o'clock, and the guests prepared to leave 
all congratulating the Tri Deltas for the royal treatment and general 
good time they had made it possible for their friends to enjoy on that 
long to be remembered occasion. 

The delegates left this morning and there were a large number of the 
Tri Deltas and other friends at the depot to bid the visiting delegates 
good bye. 

SECOND NATIONAL CONVENTION. 

The second National Convention of Delta Delta Delta as- 
sembled in the Chapter rooms of Beta Chapter at St. Lawrence 
University, Canton, N. Y., Oct. 18th, 1894. In the absence of 
the Grand President, Grand Secretary Charlotte E. Joslin called 
the meeting to order and organization was effected by electing 



SECOND NATIONAL CONVENTION. 79 

Charlotte E. Joslin, chairman, and Emily F. Allen, (Editor of 
Trident) Secretary pro tern. 

In addition to the usual convention work on Ritual, Consti- 
tutions, song - book, jewelers, chapter reports, grand council, etc., 
under Chapter Extension, petitions were received from the Uni- 
versity of Michigan and the University of Nebraska, and discus- 
sions held on matters pending at Syracuse, Northwestern, Mid- 
dlebury and Wesleyan Colleges. 

The management of the Trident was continued and an ap- 
portionment of its support placed on the Chapters. Alpha Alum- 
nse Alliance reported the work accomplished and the strong ap- 
proval df the convention given to this line of effort. Next con- 
vention appointed with Theta, 1897. 

Representation still not being full, an effort was made to 
remedy this before the next Convention by an active member 
tax to equalize Chapter delegate expenses. Grand Council work 
remained as before a matter of personal sacrifice. 

REPRESENTATION. 

VOTING DELEGATES. 

Alpha Clara Adams. Eta Mattie Spafford. 

Alpha Alliance. ..Emily F. Allen. Theta Dr. Caroline Ed- 
Beta Margaret Murray. gar. 

GRAND OFFICERS. 

Charlotte E. Joslin Grand Secretary 

Emily F. Allen Editor of Trident 

visitors. 

Beta Chapter and its ex-members. 

SOCIAL FEATURES. 

Wednesday evening, Oct. 17, 1894 — Informal Reception. 
Thursday evening, Oct. 18, 1894 — Reception (Haven House). 
Friday evening, Oct. 19, 1894 — Banquet (all the college women). 

(Serenaded by Beta Beta of K K T), 
(See Trident, Vol. IV, No. 1). 

BANQUET PROGRAM. 

Toast Mistress Mamie L. Baker, Beta. 

College Life— Mattie Spafford, Eta. 

The Trident — Emily F. Allen, Alpha Alliance. 

The Fraternity Woman in the World — Charlotte E. Joslin, Alpha. 

Stars and Crescent — Dr. Caroline Edgar, Theta. 

Beta — Margaret Murray. 

The second Convention was the first one to have a Conven- 



80 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

tion picture taken. . Below is a list of names of Beta girls who 
were not official delegates but were present at the sessions and 
in the picture group : 

Mamie Linda Baker. Carrie Louise Summer. 

Bertha Clarine Jackson. Rhoda Emma Richardson. 

Eva Augusta Hitchcock. Edith May Waite. 
Annabel Amanda Hulburd. 

THIRD NATIONAL CONVENTION. 

The third Convention of Delta Delta Delta was held with 
Theta Chapter, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, for Aug. 
24-27, 1897. 

It met in the Medical Building, the Grand President, Dr. 
Caroline Edgar, presiding. In addition to the routine work 
taken up at former conventions, a uniform pledge pin was pro- 
vided, the Installation Service for Convention use was put in the 
hands of Emily F. Allen and the post-initiation lecture in the 
hands of Sarah Ida Shaw Martin. The revised Constitution 
was ordered printed. The Alumnse Alliance delegates were 
given the right to vote, the delegates at large the rights of the 
floor. The financial system was strengthened. Under Chap- 
ter Extension, the petitions from the Universities of Arkansas 
and Indiana were denied. Annual memorial services were insti- 
tuted. The excellent management of the Trident was grate- 
fully recognized. 

The invitation of Zeta for 1900 Convention was accepted. 

The treasurer's report showed a deficit of but eight cents 
for the past three years. 

The Committee on Credentials reported every Chapter and 
Alliance represented and five Grand Officers present. 

REPRESENTATION. 

GRAND OFFICERS. 

Grand President Dr. Caroline Edgar, Theta 

Grand Vice President Martha L. Eveleth, Alpha 

Grand Secretary Charlotte E. Joslin, Alpha 

Grand Com. Education Ida Shaw Martin, Alpha 

Editor of Trident Emily F. Allen, Alpha 

OFFICIAL DELEGATES. 

(Chapters) 

Alpha Addie B. Santom. Iota Lucille A. Shellev. 

Beta Grace Y. Atwater. Kappa Ellen H. Frankish. 





Bessie Leach, F. 



ALMEDfA LaURSGN E. 




Patsie Ingersoll, E. 





Martha Eveleth, A. Hattie Berry, A. 

Voting Delegates, First National Convention, Galesburg, III, 1393. 




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From Honolulu 
From Porto Rico 



Sarah B. Hayei 
Editor Trident 




After Convention (1907) House Parties. 

Epsilon. Theta. 

Epsilon. Epsilon. 

Theta. Beta. 



FOURTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 81 

Gamma Elizabeth Gibbs. Lambda. . .Lydia Sain. 

Delta Maude M. Hoope. Nu Ivy Kellerman. 

Epsilon Harriet E. Stone. Omicron. ..Daisy A. Boon. 

Zeta Julia E. Closterman. Sigma. ... ..Isabelle Walbridge. 

Eta Emily W. Lucia. Upsilon. . . Teresa Metcaif. 

Theta.... ..Edna Crocker. 

(Alliances) 

Alpha Grace Ayers. Chicago. . ..Edna Wolf Pearson. 

Epsilon Lillian Emrich. 

UNOFFICIAL DELEGATES. 

Gamma. . Jean V. Stearns. Lena Staat. 

Delta Jessie Allen. May Stevenson. 

Epsilon. . ..E. Loraine Gay. Zeta Agnes Powers. 

Jessie B. Goddard. Nu Gertrude Nichol. 

Lucile Hampton. Omicron . . . Evelyn Allen. 

Marie Raymond. Upsilon. .. .Grace Clough. 

SOCIAL FEATURES. 

Tuesday afternoon — Excursion to Lake Minnetonka. 

Wednesday evening — Theta Reception to faculty and convention. 

Thursday evening — Banquet (West Hotel). 

BANQUET PROGRAM. 

Toastmistress Lela Klampe, Theta. 

Speech of Welcome — May Plummer, Theta. 
Response — Elizabeth Gibbs, Gamma. 
Chapter Extension — Charlotte Joslin, Alpha. 
Rushing — Ellen Frankish, Kappa. 
The Goat — Evelyn Allen, Omicron. 
Our Married Sisters — Grace Clough, Upsilon. 
Our Brothers — Ivy Kellerman, Nu. 
Recitation — Agnes Powers, Zeta. 

(See Trident, Vol. VII, Nos. 1, 2 and 3.) 

FOURTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 

The Fourth National Convention of Delta Delta Delta was 
held with Zeta at the University of Cincinnati, June 26-29, 1900. 

Besides the usual convention business perhaps the most rad- 
ical measure was the abolition of the Province Convention Sys- 
tem and the provision for Bi-ennial National Conventions. 

Under Chapter Extension work, Iota was allowed to sur- 
render her charter and the petition from Bucknell University 
referred by Beta Province was denied. 

The presentation of an Entertainment Fund to the enter- 
taining chapter was begun. The list of Grand Officers with 
allowed expense accounts increased. Upon Miss Allen's insis- 
tence upon resigning her position, the management of the Tri~ 



82 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

dent and its Editorial Board was assigned Zeta. A public ap- 
preciation of her nine years of labor was made. She turned 
over to the new board a perfected and self-sustaining magazine 
with a treasury balance of more than one hundred dollars. 

The Alumnae Alliances here held first separated sessions at 
a National Convention. 

Iota Circle was established. 

The invitation of Alpha for 1902 Convention was accepted. 

REPRESENTATION. 

GRAND OFFICERS. 

Grand President Agnes Powers Dunning, Zeta 

Grand Secretary Harriet Stone, Epsilon 

Grand Treasurer Mary A. McKay, Sigma 

Grand Historian Ida Shaw Martin, Alpha 

Editor of Trident Emily F. Allen Alpha 

OFFICIAL DELEGATES. 

(Chapters) 

Alpha Isabelle Leighton. Nu Lucy Hunt Pocock. 

Beta Gertrude M. Robinson. Omicron. . . .Carolyn Spencer. 

Gamma Mabelle Brierly. Sigma Charlotte Seabury. 

Delta Mabel Brourink. Upsilon Mary Ferris. 

Epsilon Elsa Ertel. Xi Elizabeth Tumbleson. 

Zeta Grace Goodale. Iota Blanche Boyle. 

Eta Madge McElroy. Kappa Lillian Thompson. 

Theta Alice Olds. Lambda. .. .Harriet Kemp. 

Mu Clara Stillman. 

(Alliances) 

Epsilon Loraine Gay. Alpha Christine Jansson How- 

Zeta Nell Fairweather. ard. 

Chicago. ... Myrtle N. Stillwell. Gamma Bessie Leach Priddy. 

UNOFFICIAL DELEGATES. 

Gamma Mabel Crum. Nu Edna Armstrong. 

Epsilon Nelle T. Bassett. Nan Cannon. 

Mabel Crocker. Blanche Skiles. 

Blanche Stoll. Elizabeth Chase. 

Theta Lillian Siegler. Josefa Thrall. 

Lela M. Klampe. Zanta Skiles. 

Iota Eva Hillman. Margaret Reeb. 

Effie Dan forth. Fannie Rockwell. 

Kappa Bertha DuTeil. Zeta Chapter. 

Minnie Manahan. Zeta Alliance. 

SOCIAL FEATURES. 

Tuesday evening, June 26 — Informal Reception. 
Wednesday evening, June 27 — Private Theatricals. 
Thursday evening, June 2r? — Pan-Hellenic Dance. 

(Given by University Fraternity men, Hotel Alms.) 
Friday evening, June 29— Banquet (Grand Hotel). 
Saturday, June 30 — Trolley ride, Cincinnati to Fort Thomas, Ky. 



FIFTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 83 

BANQUET PROGRAM. 

Toastmistress Lucy M. Lambdin, Zeta Alliance. 

Our New Sisters — Agnes Powers Dunning, Zeta. 
Other Girls' Frats — Carolyn Spencer, Omicron. 
Influence of Chapter House^Gertrude Robinson, Beta. 
Convention Friendships — Lela Klampe, Theta. 
Delta Delta Delta Literature — Mary Tucker, Zeta. 

Delta Delta Delta Matrons — Christine Jansson Howard, Alpha Alliance. 
Delta Conservatism — Elsa Ertel, Epsilon. 

A Delta, Yesterday, To-day and Forever — Madge McElroy, Eta. 
Presentation of Memorial to Emily F. Allen, Editor of Trident, 1891-1900. 
(See Trident, Vol. IX, Nos. 3 and 4.) 

FIFTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 

The Fifth National Convention of Delta Delta Delta met 
with Alpha in the College Club Rooms, Boston, June 27- July 1, 
1902. 

An epitome of the history of the fraternity ordered to be 
drafted. 

A resident Business Manager added to Trident staff. 

Resolution concurring in the Inter-Sorority Conference 
work passed. 

Work was done on flags, pennants and seals. 

The time was fixed for Fifth Convention as 1904, but the 
place was not determined. 

REPRESENTATION. 

GRAND OFFICERS. 

Grand President Sara Bartlett Hayes, Alpha 

Grand Secretary Elizabeth Tumbleson, Xi 

Grand Treasurer Ivy Kellerman, Nu 

Grand Historian i Lela M. Klampe, Theta 

Editor of Trident Julia Closterman, Zeta 

OFFICIAL DELEGATES. 

(Chapters) 

Alpha Edith M. Lovell. Lambda. .. .Edna M. Wharton. 

Beta Bertha Wood. Mu Ethel Redfield. 

Gamma. . ...Donrta Mae Harriman. Nu .Mima Weaver. 

Delta Gertrude White. Xi Sara Johnson. 

Epsilon. .. .Louise Fitch. Omicron. .. .E. Daisy Bowles. 

Zeta Ida Davis. Pi Frances Carter. 

Eta Delia Harding. Sigma Elizabeth Bagg. 

Theta. . . . ..Ruth E. Babcock. Upsilon Amy Olgen. 

Kappa ..... Eola Auld. ' v 

(Alliances)- ... 

Alpha Luella M. Eaton. Ann Arbor. .Nellie A. Brown. 

Gamma. .. .Ella F. Tobias. Omicron .... Carolyn Spencer. 



84 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Delta Hattie Berry Morley. Sigma Eleanor Newell. 

Zeta Estella Riley. Theta Lela Klampe. 

Eta Annie Sherburne. 

UNOFFICIAL ALUMNAE DELEGATES. 

Beta Gertrude Robinson. Kappa Daisy Bonnell. 

Zeta Elizabeth Diserens. Mu Clara Stillman. 

Mildred French. Omicron .... Clara Belle Johnson. 

Grace Goodale. Pi ,Corinne Carter. 

Grace Marshall. M. Louise Johnston. 

Eta Emilv Lucia' Thayer. Sigma Charlotte Seabury. 

UNOFFICIAL ACTIVE DELEGATES. 

Beta Ethel Perkins. Mu Grace Dixon. 

Epsilon. . . .Elizabeth Arnold. Xi Mary T. Abercrombie. 

Julia Ferris. Nan McGregor. 

Louise Holmes. Omicron. . ..Elizabeth Bond. 

Zeta Cora Box. Alpha Chapter. 

Florence French. Alpha Alliance. 

Eta Ethel Chapman. 

Kappa Ethel Bignell. 

SOCIAL FEATURES. 

Wednesday, June 26 — Sight-seeing in Boston and Cambridge. 

Wednesday evening, June 26 — Barn Dance (Arlington). 

Thursday evening, June 27 — Formal Reception and Pan-Hellenic Dance. 

Saturday, June 28 — Trip of 87 Tri Deltas to Lexington and Concord. 

Monday, June 30 — Trip to Nantasket Beach. 

Tuesday evening, July 1 — Banquet (Hotel Vendome). 

BANQUET PROGRAM. 

Grand President, Sara Bartlett Hayes, introduced Toastmistress Ruth 

Hubbard, Alpha. 
"Our Stars brightly dancing, Behold us, advancing" — Edna Wharton. 

Lambda. 
Neptune's Emblem of Dominion — Julia Closterman, Zeta. 
Tri Delta Stunts — Gertrude White, Delta. 
California Pi(e) — Frances Carter, Pi. 
A Goat — Just for a Kid — Sara L. Maistre Johnson, Xi. 
Alliances— -Matrimonial vs. Fraternity — Bertha Wood, Beta. 
The next Pan-Hellenic Convention — Mima Weaver, Nu. 
Delta Delta Delta. Forever — Gertrude Stillman, Mu. 
Farewell Song. 

(97 plates were laid.) 

(See Trident, Vol. XI, Nos. 3 and 4). 

SIXTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 

The Sixth National Convention of Delta Delta Delta was 
held with Epsilon Chapter, Whiting Hall, Knox College, Gales- 
burg, Illinois, June 23-27, 1904. 

Grand President Sara Bartlett Hayes was called away by 
telegram almost immediately upon arrival. The Grand Vice 
President of Gamma Province, Louise Robinson Rhodes, was 
presiding officer. 



SIXTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 85 

Besides the customary Convention and Inter-Sorority work, 
a few new steps were taken. The office of Visiting Delegate 
was created. Work on the eligibility of under-graduates of 
different courses was taken up. Provision was made for a Cer- 
tificate of Initiation. The scope of fraternity examinations was 
extended, questions on other sororities being added. The his- 
tory was ordered published in 1905 and every ten years there- 
after. An Executive Committee was formed within the Grand 
Council. 

Petitions pending before the Grand Council from the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, the University of Iowa and the Univer- 
sity of Mississippi were submitted and granted. Several others 
had been negatively disposed of before Convention. 

Model Initiation Rites were conferred upon petitioner, Ola 
Price, now of Chi, and petitioner Valborg Kastman of Phi, be- 
fore the Convention. 

The invitation of Omicron for 1906 was accepted. 

REPRESENTATION. 

GRAND OFFICERS. 

Grand Vice President (Gamma Province) Louise R. Rhodes, Theta 

Grand Secretary Elizabeth Tumbleson, Xi 

Grand Treasurer Lucy O. Searle, Sigma 

OFFICIAL DELEGATES. 

(Chapters) 

Alpha Annie T. Gilchrist. Mu Edith Johnson. 

Beta Julia W. Preston. Nu Emilie Gorrell. 

Gamma. .. .Alta Barker. Omicron. ...Lyla Johnston. 

Delta Ina Robbins. Sigma Maude S. Newell. 

Epsilon. . . .Irene Olson. Rho Annie F. Fisher. 

Zeta Helen L. Stein. Tau Carrie McCaskie. 

Eta Ethel W. Chapman. Pi Hazel McGraw. 

Theta Isabelle Stene. Upsilon. . . ^.Margaret Palmer. 

Kappa Katherine Lumry. Xi Helen Barbee. 

Lambda. .. .Anna Hoch. 

(Alliances) 

Alpha Ada A. Cole. Eta... Maud Merrihew. 

Beta Alice Perkins. Theta Kate Bennett. 

Gamma. .. .Jean (Stearns) Kimball. Omicron. .. .Clara (Johnson) 

Delta Anna H. Perry. Champlin. 

Epsilon. .. Janet (Greig) Post. Zeta M. Katherine Ratter- 

Sigma Lucy Osborne Searle. man. 

UNOFFICIAL ACTIVE. 

Gamma. .. .Louise Elizabeth York. Harriet Arnold. 

Epsilon. .. .Florence Clarkson. Mary Shreeves. 

Louise Holmes. Bertha Collins. 

Gertrude Lescher. Alma Thompson. 



86 



HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



Marian Vose. Kappa Alice Auld. 

Gertrude Ferris. Jeannette Palmer. 

Marie Seacord. Hazel Lauer. 

Alice Lewis. Mabel Cox. 

Clarissa Atwood.. Estella Morrison. . . 

Edna Wells. Alma Vandeveer. 

Ethel Conner. Lambda Ora Allen. 

Theta. . . Belle Parker. Tau. Jessie McFarland. 

Margaret Cawley. Upsilon Blanche Lawson. 

Rena M. Handy. 

Myra Powers. 

UNOFFICIAL ALUMNAE. 

Alpha. .....Sally M. Clough. Blanche (George) 

Bertha Munster. Tunnicliff. 

Gamma. .. .Mabel Crum. Jessica (Goddard) 

Delta. .... .Estella Trueblood. Gustaijson. 

Epsilon. . . .Almedia (Laurson) Lucile Hampton. 

Wingert. Grace Hoffman. 

Bertha H. Freedman. Lillian Lanphear. 

Leonora Hedendahl. Nellie McCool. 

Elsa Freedman. Mary (Wertman) 

Harriette Wilcox. Stearns. 

Florence George. Ora Wertman. 

Harriet Swigert. Norma Wertman. 

Fannie (Sisson) Everett. Opal Wolff. 

Marie Raymond. Nelle Wolff. 

Julia T. Terry. Bertha Wolff. 

Pauline H. King. Louise Ferris. 

Nina (Lahann) Arnold. Alta (Marsh) Phil- 
lone Vose. lips. 

Blanche D. Stoll. Elizabeth (McKin- 

R. Louise Fitch. ney) Fulton. 

Lillian McLaughlin. Blanche (McLaugh- 

Edna Matthews. lin) Tunnicliff. 

Martha (Barden) Cole. Genevieve (Perrin) 

Nelle Bassett. Smith. 

Mabel Baxter. Clara Plattenburg. 

Georgia Beede. Maud Rawalt. 

Evangeline Chowning. Ethel Rawalt. 

Elizabeth H. Arnold. May (Roberts) King. 

Maud (Clawson) -May Stevenson. 

Hammond. Harriet Stone. 

Mabel (Crocker) Dick- Gertrude Trask. 

son. Theta Lillian Siegler. 

Lillian Emrich. Mu Ethel lone Redfield. 

Jessica (Freedman) Esther M. Newman. 

Myers. Merle S. Pickford. 

Lorairie (Gay) Mc- Theo B. Pickford. 

Candless. Omicron .Edith L. Kinney. 

Upsilon . Amy H. Olgen. 

■■' Mary Ferris. 

SOCIAL FEATURES. 

Tuesday evening, June 23 — Informal Reception, Galesburg Club Rooms. 
Wednesday noon, June 24 — Picnic luncheon, Soangetaha Club House, 

Lake Rice. ■•—.i.i - -'■■ 

Wednesday evening, June 24 — Initiation Rites. 

Thursday noott, June 25— Pi Beta Phi Tea. 

Thursday evening, June 25 — Reception and Dance (Lescher Hall). 



SEVENTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 87 

Friday evening, June 26 — Banquet (Central Church). 
Saturday, June 27 — Tri Delta meeting at St. Louis Exposition. 

BANQUET PROGRAM. 

Toastmistress Almedia (Laurson) Wingert, Epsilon. 

Avant Mr. Knocker, or W!hy I am Optimist — Amy Olgen, Upsilon. 

Resistance is Useless — Alice A. Auld, Kappa. 

The Scholar Youthful — Annie Fisher, Rho. 

Music. 

The Green Mountain Girls — Ethel Chapman, Eta. 

Our National Fraternity — Louise (Robinson) Rhodes, Theta. 

Farewell Ye Greeks — Annie T. Gilchirst, Alpha. 

(125 present). 

(Trident. Vol. XIII, Nos. 3 and 4.) 

The installation of newly elected officers present occurred just before 
the banquet. 

SEVENTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 

The Seventh National Convention of Delta Delta Delta was 
"held with Omicron Chapter, Syracuse University, Syracuse, 
N. Y., June 25-29, 1906. " 

The regular opening session of the under-graduate section 
occurred at 2 p. m., Tuesday, June 26, in Crouse College Chapel. 
The Grand President, Elizabeth Tumbleson Leutscher, of Xi, 
being unable to attend on account of her continued illness, the 
Grand Vice-President of Alpha Province, Carolyn Spencer, 
Omicron, presided over the Convention. A prayer by Lyla 
Johnston, of Omicron, and a welcome by Mary Mott, Ex-Presi- 
dent of Omicron, preceded the formal work of the session. 

Greetings were exchanged by telegram with Chi Omega and 
Pi Beta Phi, also in convention assembled. 

Reports from Grand Officers, Alliance Officers, Visiting Del- 
egate, and of the Delegate to Fifth Inter-Sorority Con- 
ference were very complete and aroused unusual interest. The 
Chapter reports were made on uniform blank forms and were 
very satisfactory. Designs for flags and coat of arms were 
adopted. Work was done on Cut, Certificate of Membership, 
and Song Book Report. Also matters in regard to initiation 
ceremonies, affiliation of transfers, dates of collecting dues and 
eligibility of students in various special courses were considered 
and decided. Uniform reports and uniform chapter record 
books were ordered. Provisions were made for two examina- 
tions during a student's college course. Plans for a Fraternity 
Endowment Fund were formulated and adopted. Chapter en- 
dowment plans were outlined. Stipulations were made for the 



88 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

collecting and preserving of complete Trident files by each 
chapter and also recommendations for the presentation to the 
chapter of the badges of deceased members. 

The publication of a private bulletin, (The Triton), the his- 
tory of the fraternity, and a complete catalogue were ordered. 

The Committee on Constitution was : Mary McKay, Sigma ; 
Christine Jansson Howard, Alpha; Rena Handy, Upsilon. Both 
the committee and the convention accomplished hard and im- 
portant work. 

Among the important changes effected were: Radical 
changes made in the method of granting charters, the creation 
of a salary for the Editor-in-Chief of the Trident, and the ad- 
dition of a tenth officer to the Grand Council — a Supervisor of 
Alliances. 

REPRESENTATION. 



GRAND COUNCIL. 

Grand Vice President (Alpha Province) Carolyn Spencer, '02. 

Grand Vice President (Beta Province) Irene Olson, '05 

Grand Secretary Amy H. Olgen, '04 

Grand Treasurer „ Merle Pickford, '02 

Grand Historian Bessie (Leach) Priddy, '91 

Editor of Trident R. Louise Fitch, '02 

OFFICIAL ACTIVE DELEGATES. 



Alpha. . .Alice Hagarty. '07 

Beta Helen A. Sawyer, '07. 

Gamma.. Edna Swift, '07. 

Delta May Pardee, '07. 

Epsilon. .Eleanor McClure, '03. 

Zeta Ina D. Walton, '08. 

Theta. . ..Edna Gould, '07. 

Eta Alice Fox, '09. 

Kappa ... Fannie L. Graves, '07. 
Lambda.. Stella McDaniel, '07. 

Mu Grace Hobbins, '07. 

Nu Adelia Scatterday, '07. 



XL. Evelyn D. Kolbe, '08. 

Omicron.. Margaret Pimm, '07. 

Pi Alice Porterfield, '08. 

Rho Elizabeth Tredwell, '07. 

Sigma. . .Alice M. Bock, '07. 

Tau Mary S. Weddle, '08. 

Uosilon . . Rena Handy, '07. 

Phi Sebena Frazier, '07. 

Chi Roberta Fulton, '07. 

Psi Hannah M. Blake, '06. 

Alpha Xi.Mabel Martin, '07. 



OFFICIAL ALLIANCE DELEGATES. 



Alpha. . .Emily (Hall) Cook. '96. 

Beta Josephine Delaney, '04. 

Gamma. .Mary Morden. 
Epsilon. .Lillian Lanphear, '03. 
Zeta Lill Miller Stevens, '02. 



Mu Theo Pickford, '03. 

Omicron.. Bessie Stinard. 

Rho Marian E. P. Ball, '03. 

Sigma Mary A. McKay, '96.- 



UNOFFICIAL ACTIVE DELEGATES. 



Alpha. ..Alice B. Andrews, '08. 

Helen S. Travis, '07. 
Beta Wilhelmina Ackerman, '07. 

Barbara Cramer, '08. 

Margaret McGinnis, '09. 



Gladys Millen, '07. 
Florence O'Neil. 
Grace Dean, '08. 
Hazel Gibbs. 



SEVENTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 



89 



Gamma . . Pepita Guarch, '09. 
Epsilon. .Alice Lewis, '08. 

Helen Mutch, '08. 

Lucy Roberts, '08. 

Alma Thompson, '07. 

Marian Vose, '08. 
Zeta Louise Bentley, '07. 

Amy Ferns, '00. 

Lucy Shaffer, '08. 

Eta Gertrude Pollock, '09. 

Mu Margaret Cawley, ^08. 

Nu Loa Turney, '09. 

Xi Mildred Hoge, '08. 

Grace Guy, '08. 
Omicron.. Alice Beaman, '08. 

Frances Bentley, '08. 

Anna Darrohn, '07. 

Clara Darrohn, '07. 

Georgiana Drake, '07. 

Edith Hannahs, '08. 

Ida Heinmiller, '08. 

Bertha Reynolds, '09. 

Jane Sweeting, '09. 



Lucy Woodburn, '09. 

Clara Moore, '06. 

Bessie Stallwood, '06. 

Agnes Kingsley, '06. 

Clara Mitchell, '06. 

Marian Waite, '06. 

Winifred Reynolds, 06. 

Bessie Ash, '06. 

Anna Otto, '09. 

Ethel Madden, '09. 

Alice Keyes, '08. 

Grace Neal, '08. 

Lela Mills, '06. 

Lyla Johnston, '07. 

Minnie Tanner, '06. 

Alice Hitchcock, '06. 

Mary Mott, '07. 

Pi Julia Damon, '09. 

Upsilon. .Helen Bragg, '09. 

Edith Cassady, '07. 

Irmagarde B. Leach, '06. 



UNOFFICIAL ALUMNAE DELEGATES. 



Alpha. ... Anjanette Atwood, '98. 

Ada A. Cole, '99. 

Sara (Bartlett) Hayes, '96. 

Christine (Jansson) How- 
ard), '93. 

Dr. Eleanor (Pond) 
Mann, '89. 
Beta Irene (Lewis) Bedell. 

Bessie Hart, '06. 

Edna Heckles, '03. 

Sarah E. Hulett, '06. 

Abbie C. Hurley. '91. 

Ethel E. Peck, '06. 

Julia Preston, '05. 

Esther Spencer, '05. 

Lena Wallace, '05. 

Bertha E. Wood, '03. 

Fanny L. Atwater, '06. 
Gamma. .Beulah Gregory, '05. 

Elizabeth Robinson, '04. 
Epsilon. .Harriet Arnold. 
Zeta Agnes Andrews, '03. 

Ellen Andrews, '05. 

Florence French, '01. 

Grace Goodale, '03. 

Bessie (dollar) King, '99. 

Helen Stein, '05. 

Edna Walton, '04. 
Theta.... Clara L. Wilbur, '99. 
Kappa... E. Winnifred Chadwick. 
Lambda.. Blanche Imboden. 

Dora (Markham) Clark, '96 
Mu Winifred Ferrenkamp, '05. 

Daisy Heller, '04. 



Xi Lida V. Kirk, '99. 

Nan MacGregor, '06. 

Estelle (Roehle) Byrne, '00. 
Omicron.. Patty N. Braley, '99. 

Emma D. Dean, '02. 

Luella Delano, '03. 

Alma Gilbert, '05. 

Marian Greene, '05. 

Anna J. Hollis, '97. 

Mary Holzwarth, '05. 

Edith Kinney, '01. 

Mollie Stiles, '06. 

Maud Wilson, '06. 

Edna Boston. 

Elizabeth Bond, '04. 

Adelaide Wheeler, '04. 

Jessie Worden, '03. 

Jennie Brown, '04. 

Minnie Crofut, '04. 

Reba Pennypacker. 

Lola March, '07. 

Bertha (Gibbons) Traver 

Meride MacKenzie. '02. 

Floy Whitney, '01. 

Mrs. P. O. Place. 

Evelyn Allen. 

Alyda Updyke, '01. 

Lucretia Seymour, '01. 

Alberta Perry, '99. 

Mrs. Frank Holzworth. 

Frances M. Davis, '04. 

Vera Beaman, '02. 

Ethel K. Benedict, '02. 

Millie Dicks, '02. 



90 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Helena Johnston, '04. Rho. Edith A. Granger, '04. 

Maude Southworth, '02. Mildred B. Farmer, '05. 

Meta P. Maybee. '03. Sigma. ..Grace E. Bacon, '05. 

Stella Walrath, '03. Tau Emily Ebling, '03. 

Viva Baker, '05. Ida Luchsinger, '03. 

Nana Y. Woodruff. Ruth Shorkley, '04. 

Cora Fosbinder. Phi Zoe Frazier, '06. 

Jessie Hood, '03. Valborg Kastman, '04. 

Maud Smith, '04. 
Alpha Xi.Laura Glancy, '04. 

Total attendance reported by Credential Committee — 175. 

SOCIAL FEATURES. 

Tuesday evening, June 26 — Informal Reception and Model Initiation, 

Crouse College Chapel. 
Wednesday evening, June 27 — Formal Reception, residence of Mr. and 

Mrs. Holzworth. 
Thursday evening, June 28 — Dance, Club House. Trolley rides around 

Syracuse. 
Friday evening, June 29 — Banquet, Hotel Yates. 

BANQUET PROGRAM. 

Toastmistress — Meride MacKenzie, Omicron, '02. 

"It was Dean Swift who ignored the bill of fare, and called for a bill 
of the company." — Willis. 

The City of Our Birth— Merle Pickford, Mu, '02. 

"Boston — not so much of a place as a state of Mind." — Anon. 

Our Founder — Grace Dean, Beta, '08. 

"Build me straight, O worthy master! 
Staunch and strong, a goodly vessel, 
That shall laugh at all disaster 

And with wave and whirlwind wrestle." — Longfellow. 
Westward Ho!— Alice Porterfield, Pi, '08. 

"Whispered to it ! Westward ! Westward ! 

And with speed it darted forward." — Longfellow. 

Our Place in the Greek World — Amy Olgen, Upsilon, '04. 
"And ship to ship made signals." — Whittier. 

Our Brother-in-law — Ina Walton, Zeta, '07. 

"I can blow you strong, my brother." — Longfellow. 

Looking Forward — Laura Glancy, Alpha Xi, '06. 
"Sail on, sail on, deep freighted 
With blessings and with hopes." — Whittier. 

A number not on this printed program was perhaps the 
event of the evening, a short address by Dr. Eleanor (Pond) 
Mann, '89, Boston University, one of the two seniors most prom- 
inent as founders of Tri Delta. Her interest and enthusiasm 
the years have but increased, as she evidenced by her presence 
and 'her words. The informality of college and fraternity songs 
and calls was a most enjoyable close to the brilliant scene. 

After the banquet on Friday evening at the Hotel Yates oq- 
curred the last official act of the Seventh National Convention of 



SEVENTH NATIONAL CONVENTION. 91 

Delta Delta Delta, the formal installation of the newly elected 
Grand officers present by presiding officer, Carolyn M. Spencer. 

Grand President — Amy H. Olgen. 

Grand Vice President, Alpha Province — Christine (Jans- 
son) Howard. 

Grand Secretary — Marion E. P. Ball. 

Grand Treasurer — Merle Pickford. 

Grand Historian — Bessie (Leach) Priddy. 

Editor of Trident — R. Louise Fitch. 

Eighth National Convention called for 1908. 

These Conventions have not only increased in size and vol- 
ume of business transacted and brilliancy of social functions, but 
they have been a large formative force in the systematizing and 
the forming of working policies. 

Each convention has also been an education to every Chapter 
and an especial advantage to the entertaining Chapter, as evi- 
denced without exception in that Chapter's post convention de- 
velopment. 

The decorations in honor of these conventions have been 
features pleasant to remember. The convention halls have been 
gay with flags and banners of the various colleges and Chapters, 
while remembrances by flower, letter and telegram 'from other 
fraternities have made the day sessions pleasant. At the social 
events, the green of the palms, the brilliancy and odor of count- 
less tropical blooms and the emblazonment everywhere of gold, 
silver and blue amid hundreds of incandescent lights that threw 
their radiance over girls fair of feature and dainty of gown, have 
left in memory's picture a vision of youth and beauty. 

At Cincinnati, the citizens everywhere seemed to know of 
the Convention and hardly a window in the town but had beau- 
tiful figures or emblems in which the colors of Delta Delta Delta 
predominated or reproduced by various conceits of fancy or skill 
the tokens and emblems. Here, too, the banquet hall was large 
enough for the hundred guests to be seated at a triangular ban- 
quet table. At both the convention balls' of 1900 and 1904 im- 
mense groupings of incandescent lights in the form of the Stars 
and Crescent gave forth a dazzling brilliancy. Boston, Gales- 
burg and Syracuse also repeated messages of "Welcome" with 
banner, colors and light. 

In memory, these scenes are lived full oft again, "full of 



92 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

youth of spirit, with the benediction of the last song lingering 
in the air." 

National Alumnae Alliance Sessions 

The First Alumnae Alliance Session was called to meet at 
the same date and place as the Second Beta Province Conven- 
tion, Galesburg, 111., Sept. 6-8, 1898. 

y 

REPRESENTATION. 

Alpha Alliance Bertha Bartlett 

Chicago Alliance Martha (Barden) Cole 

Gamma Alliance Katherine (Spahr) Hull 

Epsilon Alliance Alta (Marsh) Phillips 

Zeta Alliance Lucy Lambdin 

All Alliances in existence at this time, excepting Sigma, 
were represented. The alliance ritual and by-laws received the 
most of the work. 

It was voted that the Grand Officers of the fraternity be 
also the Grand Officers of the Alliance Section. 

It was voted to allow membership to ex-members of college 
Chapters after the year of their class graduation. 

The Second Alumnae Alliance Session was called for 1900, 
with the Fourth National Convention. 

Second Alumnae Alliance Session held on Tuesday, June 26, 
1900, in the Auditorium of the Grand Hotel, Cincinnati, O. 

All Alliances excepting Sigma and Lambda represented. 
Reports of Alliances were given. Committees on Ritual Con- 
stitution work reported and their work was accepted. 

The remainder of the work was advisory to general conven- 
tion work. 

Third Alumnae Alliance Session held in College Club Rooms, 
Boston, Mass., Thursday, June 26, 1902. Delegates from nine 
Alliances reported to roll call, all but Epsilon being represented. 

Besides the usual work, the Circle Degree was conferred up- 
on seven candidates representing five Chapters, that they might 
begin the organization of new Alliances. An Alliance committee 
drew up suggestions for the improvement of the Trident. 

Fourth Alumnae Alliance Session held at Galesburg, 111., 
Wednesday, June 23, 1904. Ten Alliances were represented. 

The work of the advisory committee was enlarged and the 



PROVINCE CONVENTIONS. 93 

usual routine work accomplished. The matter of more Alliances 
was thoroughly investigated. , 

The Fifth Alumnae Alliance Session was held at Syracuse, 
N. Y., on Tuesday, June 26, 1906, at 9 :30 a. m., in Crouse Col- 
lege Chapel. Nine Alliances were officially represented and 
Alumnae and ex-members were in attendance from sixteen dif- 
ferent Chapters. 

The principal matters passed upon were the advisability of 
an Alliance officer on the Grand Council, the attitude of Alliances 
on Chapter extension questions, and the elaboration of the Circle 
Degree Ritual. Under the Model Initiation service, the Third 
Degree was conferred upon twelve candidates, ten of these being 
'06 members of Omicron Chapter. The desired provision for a 
tenth Grand Officer, a Supervisor of Alliances was later unani- 
mously made by the Convention body. 

N. B. — [The presiding officers of the Alliance sessions are always the 
same as those of the general Convention and its official delegates are those 
given in Convention Representation as Official Alumnae. The Alliance 
Session has no power to enact laws but simply to confer and deliberate, 
presenting its idea for the consideration of the full Convention in form of 
recommendations. — B. L. P.] 

Province Conventions 

Under the system of government for 1894 to 1900, Prov- 
ince Conventions were held in each Province in every year not 
having a National Convention. 

These were found to be delightful socially, productive of 
much fraternity zeal and enthusiasm, and invaluable in getting 
the Chapters acquainted, but as they consumed much of time, en- 
ergy and money, and as the growth of the general fraternity de- 
manded more frequent conventions with full legislative power, 
the system was abandoned after 1900. 

Those held were really miniatures of the National Conven- 
tions and had fine representation and enjoyable social events. 

The Grand Vice Presidents of those Provinces in session 
were ex-officio the presiding officers of these conventions. Active 
and Alumnae members of the Chapters entertaining produced an 
average working body of thirty to forty members and these un- 
official delegates had all the rights of the floor but voting. 

In all of these Province Conventions matters of interest to 
the locality were considered, plans for Trident and General 



94 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Conventions discussed, petitions for charters received and inves- 
tigated and literary programs held, where specially prepared 
papers on topics of fraternity interest were given from each 
Chapter. 

A- reception opened each of them and some formal party or 
banquet closed them. Minor social events and sight seeing in 
the various college towns, also many evidences of courtesy from 
the various chapters of other fraternities are recorded in all of 
the reports. 

First Alpha Province Convention with Alpha, Boston, Mass., 
Oct. 30-Nov. 1, 1895. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Alpha Emily Hall. Eta Mattie Spafford. 

Elizabeth Upham. Adele Lee. 

Beta Caroline Sumner. Sigma Elizabeth Rogers. 

Minnie C. Jackson. Isabelle Walbridge. 

Ella Daniels of Alpha, presided. 

Minnie C. Jackson of Beta, was Secretary. 

Second Alpha Province Convention with Beta, Canton, N. 
Y., Nov. 27-29, 1898. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Alpha Annie B. Carnes. Sigma Laura Bohlman. 

Beta One member. Omicron. . ..Ruth Ward. 

Eta Mary Paddock. 

Annie Laurie Sherburne, Grand Vice President. 

Third Alpha Province Convention with Eta, Burlington, Vt., 
Nov. 29-Dec. 1, 1899. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Alpha Carrie Mason. Sigma Mabelle W. Barnes. 

Beta Kate L. Sudds. Omicron. .. .Maud E. Southworth. 

Eta Mary W. Harrison. Clara B. Johnson. 

Annie Laurie Sherburne, Grand Vice President. 

First Beta Province Convention with Iota, Ann Arbor, 
Mich., Oct. 31, 1895. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Gamma. . . .Ella Floy Tobias. Iota Zena Thompson. 

Katherine Spahr. Helen Kempf. 

Zeta No delegate. 

The President of Iota, Almarene Orsborne, presided. 
Ella Floy Tobias, Gamma, was Secretary. 



PROVINCE CONVENTIONS. 95 

Second Beta Province Convention with Epsilon, Galesburg, 
111., Sept. 6-8, 1898. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Gamma Bertha Lambert. Mu Gertrude Stillman. 

Epsilon Marie Raymond. Nu Josqfa Thrall. 

Zeta Adele Bentley. Upsilon Bessie Baker. 

GRAND OFFICERS. 

Grand President Agnes Powers Dunning 

Grand Secretary Harriet E. Stone 

All Alliances in this Province were also represented. 

Contemporaneous with this Province convention, was held 
the First National Alumnae Alliance Session, and the Alliance 
representation will be found under that heading. All Alliances 
then in existence were represented excepting Sigma. 

Third Beta Province Convention with Gamma, Adrian, 
Mich. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Gamma Edith Nash. Epsilon May Stevenson. 

Iota Gertrude Haun. Zeta Edna Cunningham. 

Mary Goodrich Field. Nu Ethel Herrick. 

Elizabeth Boulsom. Mu Clara Pfisterer. 

Nellie Brown.. Gamma Alliance. Julia (Myers) 

Blanche Boyle. Dewey. 

Grand Vice President, Elizabeth (Gibbs) Palmer. 

Fourth Convention of Beta Province held with Upsilon, 
Northwestern University, Dec. 8-9, 1905. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Mu Rowena Whittier. Chi Loulie May Johnson. 

Nu. .Hazel Swann. Upsilon Zeta Massey. 

Epsilon. . . . Ethel Conner. Gamma No representative. 

Retiring Grand Vice President, R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon, Chairman. 

Grand Secretary, Amy H. Olgen, Upsilon, elected Secretary. 

This Fourth Convention of Beta Province was peculiar in 
two ways. It was held voluntarily by the Province itself, show- 
ing commendable zeal and enthusiasm. It was also, being called 
unofficially after an interim of seven years, an index to a quite 
prevalent feeling in the sorority that the abandoned idea of Prov- 
ince conventions had been a desirable feature. 

Its work was of course unofficial but very helpful to the 
fraternity and to the Seventh National Convention. Inter- Sor- 
ority Conference work and Pan-Hellenism, Finance, Extension, 



96 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Expulsion of Members, Withdrawal of charters, Rushing, Initia- 
tions and Chapter Meetings were the topics considered. 

The following unofficial delegates were present beside the 
active and alumnae members of Upsilon. 

Epsilon Alma Thompson. Nelle Wolff Morse. 

Harriet Arnold. Mu Anna Middleton. 

Norma Wertman. Lyda Middleton. 

Irene Olson. Frances Johnson. 

Ethel Andrews. Lambda Zola Swann. 

First Gamma Province Convention with Delta, Indianola, 
la., Nov. 22, 1895. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Eosilon. . . .Bess Wolf. Lambda Ethel Cavaness. 

Theta Lilian Siegler. Upsilon Elsie Chandler. 

Kappa Daisy Bonnell. Delta Junia Todd. 

Lilian Siegler of Theta, presided. 

Junia Todd, of Delta, was Secretary. 

Second Gamma Province Convention with Kappa Chapter, 
Lincoln, Nebraska, Aug. 30-Sept. 1, 1898. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Delta Lambda Dora C. Markham. 

Theta Lillian Hunsicker. 

Kappa Daisy Bonnell. Zola Swan. 

Edna Gund. 

Mamie Miller. 

Dora C. Markham, Lambda, Grand Vice President. 

Third Gamma Province Convention with Lambda, Baldwin, 
Kan., Nov. 29, 1899. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Delta Estella Trueblood. Kappa Winifred Bonnell. 

Theta Edith Patch. Daisy Bonnell. 

Lambda Harriet Kemp. 

Dora C. Markham, Lambda, Grand Vice President. 

Harriet Kemp, Lambda, Secretary. 






INTER-SORORITY EVENTS 



Pan-Hellenic Movements 

The history of Pan-Hellenism in the Greek letter world may 
be written in very small space, and strangely enough, notwith- 
standing the prevailing impression about the ability of women to 
work in harmony, by far the greater part of Pan-Hellenic history 
must be written from the feminine view point. 

Beta Theta Pi was the first fraternity to take steps toward 
the formation of a Pan-Hellenic Council and in 1881 adopted a 
resolution that caused an agitation of the question in several of 
the journals of the leading men's fraternities. Notwithstanding 
violent opposition in many quarters, the editors of the Beta 
Theta Pi issued circulars Jan. 13, 1883, proposing a conference, 
"a purely informal meeting." That inveterate fraternity worker 
and eminent authority on fraternity history, Walter B. Palmer, 
whom those who were fortunate enough to have attended the 
World's Fair Pan-Hellenic Congress will remember to have 
heard and met, says in his History of Phi Delta Theta : "At the 
Colonnade Hotel, Philadelphia, Pa., February 22, 1883, a meet- 
ing was held by 21 representatives of thirteen fraternities 
(A T O, B © n, A K E, $ T A, * A 0, 3> K *, 2 X, Z *, 
A T A, A $, $ K 2, * Y, and 2 A E), and 21 other frater- 
nity men (present as unofficial representatives). It was decided 
that there should be a 'Pan-Hellenic Conference at New York, 
July 4, 1884, provided ten fraternities should by Jan. 1, signify 
their intention of participating.' Those present who were editors 
of fraternity journals formed the 'Inter-Fraternity Press Asso- 
ciation.' This meeting at Philadelphia was the first general in- 
ter-fraternity meeting ever held. The Pan-Hellenic Conference 
never materialized, and the Inter-Fraternity Press Association 
did not meet again." He gives a brief outline of the World's 
Fair Pan-Hellenic Movement, in 1893, which, by the way, was 
the first joint Pan-Hellenic Conference of Men's and Women's 
Fraternities. Then later he says, "November 18, 1895, was set 

(97) 



98 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

apart as Fraternity Day, at the Cotton States and Inter-national 
Exposition, Atlanta, Ga. About three hundred Greeks met in 
the Auditorium Building, where W. W. Da vies (<£ A ®), Chair- 
man of the Executive Committee, called them to order. The 
American Hellenic Society was formed, though its objects were 
not definitely expressed. It was decided that the society should 
be represented at the Olympic Games, to be held at Athens, 
Greece, April, 1896, and there was talk of offering a laurel 
wreath to one of the victors, but these plans were not carried 
out." 

As the women's fraternities were not a party to this Ameri- 
can Pan-Hellenic Society, then formed, and as no reports of its 
work have been given to the press, definite information of its 
subsequent proceedings can not be here given, but it is safe to 
state that no one has met anywhere, at any time, any athletes 
running at large, crowned with the above mentioned laurel 
wreaths. 

William Raymond Baird (B © n) in his Manual of Ameri- 
can College Fraternities, recites under "Pan-Hellenism," the 
first two of the above attempts, then enumerates the advantages 
that might be gained by a general Pan-Hellenic organization and 
the difficulties that confront attempts in that direction. The his- 
tory of this movement among women's fraternities he both de- 
scribes and dismisses with the following sentence : "The women's 
societies have effected an organization which has held several 
meetings and seems to possess some elements of permanence.'' 

Thus it has been left for Delta Delta Delta, it would seem. 
to collect, compile and for the first time to publish a brief record 
of a Pan-Hellenic movement among the Greek Letter Societies 
of American College women, which began in 1891 with the First 
Woman's Pan-Hellenic Convention, received an impetus from 
the World's Fair Pan-Hellenic Congress (1893) and was offi- 
cially revived in 1902, as the First Inter-Sorority Conference. 
Since that date, annual sessions have been held, the reports of 
the Fifth, 1906, recording an increasing scope, authority and in- 
terest in these sessions. 

Inter-Sorority Events 

Woman's First Pan-Hellenic Convention. 
The first Pan-Hellenic Convention of Woman's Fraterni- 



. INTER-SORORITY EVENTS. 99 

ties was called by Kappa Kappa Gamma to meet with her Boston 
University Chapter, April 15-17, 1891. 

Lucy Evelyn Wight (K K r), was elected presiding officer 
and Emma Harper Turner (II B <£) secretary. Six sororities 
were represented by three delegates each. Delta Delta Delta 
was represented by Blanche Seaver, of Alpha, Bessie M. Leach, 
of Gamma, and Edith Noon, of Delta. 

Committees on Inter-Fraternity Courtesy, Fraternity Jewel- 
ry and Stationery, World's Fair, Greek Journalism, and Inter- 
Chapter Courtesy were appointed, their reports discussed and 
adopted as amended. These adopted reports formed the recom- 
mendations of this Convention and as no provision had been 
made for any resolution to be binding upon the bodies represent- 
ed, the whole work effected was little more than paving the way 
for the Inter- Sorority Conferences which have followed after an 
interim of more than ten years. 

The Woman's Pan-Hellenic Committee for the World's 
Fair was finally merged for work in the joint committee of the 
Men's and Women's Fraternities, known as "The Columbian 
Exposition Committee on Pan-Hellenism of the American Greek 
Letter College Fraternities," of which Richard Lee Fearn 
(B n) was chairman. 

A standing committee on Pan-Hellenism was appointed : 

Austiana E. Taylor — Alpha Phi. 
Bertha Reed — Delta Gamma. 
Bessie M. Leach — Delta Delta Delta. 
Margaret Smith — Kappa Alphi Theta. 
Lucy E. Wight — Kappa Kap-ia Gamma. 
Emma Harper Turner — Pi Beta Phi. 

This committee did little work after 1894. Many pretty 
social events characterized this convention. 

(See Trident, Vol. I, No. 1). 

World's Fair Pan-Hellenic Movements 

The Columbian Exposition Committee on Pan-Hellenism 
held four or five meetings in the Grand Pacific Hotel, Chicago, 
and an attempt was made for an exhibit of the American College 
Greek Letter Fraternities in a space thought to be secured but 
the plan did not materialize. A Fraternity Congress was how- 
ever arranged. 

(See Trident, Vol. II, -No. 2). 



100 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

The American Greek Letter College Fraternity Congress of 
the World's Fair Congresses was held in the hall of Columbus, 
in the Art Palace, Lake Front, Chicago, July 19-20, 1893. 

Delta Delta Delta was represented by Charlotte E. Joslin, 
Margaret Emerson, Grace Ayres and Grace Gallison, of Alpha, 
and Bessie M. Leach, of Gamma. 

Richard Lee Fearn, B n, was presiding officer. 

The paper assigned Delta Delta Delta was "Social and Po- 
litical Life in Universities and Colleges" and was presented by 
Bessie M. Leach, Gamma. 

Wednesday morning the program was given by the Men's 
Fraternities, Wednesday afternoon by the Greek Journalists, and 
Thursday morning by the seven Women's Fraternities repres- 
ented. 

Thursday afternoon, at two o'clock, occurred "The Frater- 
nity and Sorority Reception" in the New York State Building, 
and here Tri-Delta ranks were swelled by finding four girls from 
Epsilon and one from Zeta. One hundred plates were laid for 
Greek Letter Fraternity officers, committee members, speakers 
and journalists at a banquet in the evening. 

(See Trident, Vol. Ill, Nos. 1 and 2). 

First Inter-Sorority Conference 

The first Inter-Sorority Conference was called by Alpha Phi 
for May 24, 1902, and was held in the Memorial Building, Chi- 
cago. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Kappa Alpha Theta Mrs. Laura H. Norton. 

Kappa Kappa Gamma Mrs. Margaret Jean Patterson. 

Gamma Phi Beta Miss Lillian Thompson. 

Pi Beta Phi Miss Elizabeth Gamble. 

Delta Gamma Miss Nina F. Howard. 

Delta Delta Delta Miss Ivy Kellerman (Nu). 

Alpha Phi Miss Minnie Ruth Terry. 

Mrs. Norton (K A ©) was elected chairman and Miss Terry 
(A $) secretary. 

A set of six motions to be used in framing by-laws for a 
permanent organization was adopted and three "sentiments on 
rushing, pledge day and lifting" recorded by unanimous vote. 



INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCES. 101 

Provisions were made for annual conferences to be called by 
the sororities in rotation. 

(See Trident, Vol. XI, No. 4). 

Second Inter-Sorority Conference 

The Second Inter- Sorority Conference met with Gamma 
Phi Beta in St. Louis, Sept. 1903. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Pi Beta Phi Elizabeth Gamble. 

Kappa Kappa Gamma Miss Virginia Sinclair. 

Kappa Alpha Theta Mrs. Laura H. Norton. 

Delta Delta Delta Miss Alma S. Fick (Zeta). 

Alpha Phi Miss Minnie Ruth Terry. 

Chi Omega Miss May Miller. 

Delta Gamma Miss Blanche Garten. 

Alpha Chi Omega Miss Mabel Siller. 

Gamma Phi Beta Lillian W. Thompson. 

Mrs. Laura H. Norton, K A 9, Chairman. 
Lillian W. Thompson, T <i> B, Secretary. 

Reports on motions : 1. Pledge Day ; 2. Fixing the Date 
of Pledge Day; 3. Pan-Hellenic Associations; 4. Pledging be- 
fore Matriculation, were heard and motions 3 and 4 carried. 
Motions 1 and 2 had so large a vote that they were again submit- 
ted. 

Reports from each sorority were called for on Pan-Hellenic 
Associations in their colleges. 

Delta Delta Delta presented a very creditable report on the 
Pan-Hellenic Association at the Baltimore Woman's College, 
through Sara L. M. Johnson (Xi). 

(See Trident, Vol. XII, No. 2; Vol. XIII, No. 3.) 

Third Inter-Sorority Conference 

The Third Inter-Sorority Conference was called by Delta 
Gamma, Sept. 16-17, 1904, at Chicago. 

Sept. 1G, Session — Columbus Safety Deposit Vaults. 
Sept. 17, Session — Victoria Hotel. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Pi Beta Phi Miss Elizabeth Gamble. 

Kappa Alpha Theta Mrs. Laura H. Norton. 

Kappa Kappa Gamma ..Mrs. E. Jean Nelson Penfield. 



102 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Delta Gamma Miss Grace Telling. 

Alpha Phi Miss Minnie Ruth Terry. 

Gamma Phi Beta Miss Lillian W. Thompson. 

Alpha Chi Omega (No Delegate). 

Delta Delta Delta Miss Amy H. Olgen (Upsilon). 

Alpha Xi Delta Mrs. T. C. Kimble. 

Chi Omega Miss Bessie Kfape. 

The above rotation order was arranged and Miss Grace 
Telling (A T) made chairman, and Miss Amy H. Olgen 
(AAA) secretary. 

Arrangements were made for official organization by rota- 
tion. 

Motions 1 and 2 having again failed to pass were re-submit- 
ted. 

The report of Mrs. E. Jean Nelson Penfield (K K r) Chair- 
man Social Service Committee, which had been submitted 
to their Seventeenth Convention, was called for here, read and 
discussed. 

The Conference then adopted three motions as a foundation 
for "Inter-Sorority Social Service Work in our Educational In- 
stitutions" and elected a standing committee to have this work 
in charge. 

This third Conference issued printed reports, a Sorority 
Table and the Committee on Social Customs has printed a very 
full report. 

(See Trident, Vol. XIV, No. 1). 

Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference 

The Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference was called by Delta 
Delta Delta, in Chicago, at the Victoria Hotel, Sept. 15-16, 1905. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Kappa Alpha Theta Mrs. Laura H. Norton. 

Delta Gamma Miss Elizabeth Williams. 

Kappa Kappa Gamma Miss Cleora C. Wheeler. 

Pi Beta Phi Miss Elizabeth Gamble. 

Alpha Phi Mrs. Wm. Forsyth. 

Gamma Phi Beta Miss Lillian W. Thompson. 

Alpha Chi Omega Mrs. Richard Tennant. 

Delta Delta Delta Miss Amy H. Olgen '(Upsilon). 

Alpha Xi Delta Mrs. Robert Leib. 

Chi Omega Mrs. A. H. Purdue. 

Alpha Omicron Pi Miss Jeanette Wicks. 

Miss Amy H. Olgen, AAA, Chairman. 
Mrs. Robert Leib, ASA, Secretary. 



INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCES. 103 

Motion 1 and 2 were reported carried. 

Petitions were received from five sororities seeking admis- 
sion to the Conference but none were granted on account of the 
adoption of the following regulations : 

1. No Sorority with less than five chapters shall be admit- 
ted. 

2. No Sorority with a Chapter in a school below collegiate 
rank shall be admitted. 

A constitution was presented and it was moved to submit the 
same to the Grand President of each sorority. Discussions on 
rules of bidding, rushing and the breaking of the same followed, 
and then the printed reports of the Social Service Committee 
were taken up and an additional one made on the co-operation to 
be expected from the men's fraternities in this work. 

Four resolutions on this work were adopted. 

Reports of Pan-Hellenic Associations were given. 

Printed reports of the Fourth Conference have also been 
issued. 

(See Trident, Vol. XV, No. 1). 

Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference 

The Fifth Inter- Sorority Conference was called by Alpha 
Xi Delta at the Victoria Hotel, Chicago, Friday afternoon, Sep- 
tember 14, 1906. 

REPRESENTATION. 

Kappa Alpha Theta — Mrs. Laura H. Norton, 2541 N. Paulina St., Chicago. 

Pi Beta Phi— Miss Elizabeth Gamble, 565 Cass Ave., Detroit. 

Kappa Kappa Gamma — Miss George Challoner, 456 New York Ave , Osh- 

kosh, Wis. 
Delta Gamma — Miss Margaret Sheppard, 225 Greenwood Blvd., Evanston, 

111. 
Alpha Phi - Mrs. J. H. McElrov, 153 E. 54th St., Chicago. 
Gamma Phi Beta— Miss Lillian W. Thompson, 326 W. 61st Place, Chicago. 
Alpha Chi Omega — Mrs. Richard Tennant, 824 S. 5th St., Terre Haute, 

Tnd. 
Chi Omega — Miss Jobelle Holcombe, Carnall Hall, Favetteville, Ark. 
r>clta Delta Delta — Mrs. Amy Olgen Parmelee, 918 Chase Ave., Chicago. 
Siema Kappa— Mrs. G. A. Marsh. 1219 Washington St., Hoboken, N. J. 
Aloha Omicron Pi — Mrs. Clifford BigeW, 396 S. 41 Ave., Chicago. 
Alpha XI Delta— Mrs. Robt. Leib, 1271 Washington St., Springfield, 111. 

Mrs. Robert Leib, A S A, Chairman. 

Miss Jobelle Holcombe, X O, Secretary. 

The wide distribution of and interest in the printed reports 



104 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

of the Fourth Conference were reported. During the year the 
secretary reported that work had been done on the Woman's So- 
cial Service League. The report of the Fourth Inter-Sorority 
Conference delegates, who had been invited to convene and con- 
fer with the Conference of the Deans of Women in the State In- 
stitutions held in December, 1905, in Chicago, was taken up. 

A petition for investigation of local conditions at Wisconsin 
University, (Madison), from the Pan-Hellenic Association there 
had been received and granted. 

Reports were then read from each sorority represented. 
Mrs. Tennant, of Alpha Chi Omega, was appointed a committee 
of one to correspond with the visiting delegates of the various 
sororities. 

The report of the representative committee sent to Madison, 
Wis., was given by Mrs. Amy Olgen Parmelee (A A A) and the 
requests of that local Pan-Hellenic Association and those com- 
ing from other schools were then received and passed upon. 

It was moved and carried that sororities in High Schools 
and other secondary schools should be discountenanced, and it was 
recommended that after four years from date of notification by 
Grand Presidents, each sorority in the Inter- Sorority Conference 
refuse to admit any young woman who has been a member of a 
sorority in a High School or secondary school. 

CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 

A model Constitution was drafted and again presented to 
the Grand Presidents of the various sororities for consideration 
before the next conference. The former Constitution submit- 
ted had been unconditionally approved by all but two soror 
ities. 

A model Constitution for local Pan-Hellenic association was 
adopted and ordered printed for distribution as follows: 

CONSTITUTION. 

ARTICLE I. 

The name of this organization shall be the Pan-Hellenic Association 
of the 

ARTICLE II. 

This Pan-Hellenic shall : 

1. Fix the date of pledge day. 

2. Regulate the rules for rushing. 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 105 

3. Regulate, other matters of inter-sorority interest in this college 
presented to it for consideration. 

4. Co-operate with the college authorities and all college organiza- 
tions in questions of general college interest. 

ARTICLE III. — Organisation. 

This Pan-Hellenic shall be composed of one active and one alumnae 
member from each Chapter of the National Sororities represented in the 
institution and from such locals as they may see fit to admit. 

ARTICLE IV.— OiEccrs. 

Section 1. The officers of this Pan-Hellenic shall be : President, 
Secretary and Treasurer. 

Sec. 2. The officers shall serve for one year, dating from the first 
meeting of the Pan-Hellenic after the Christmas holidays. 

Sec. 3. The office of President shall be held in rotation by the 
chapters, in the order of their establishment as Nationals in the College; 
the locals to hold office after the Nationals in the order of their organiza- 
tion. A local becoming National shall take its place among the Nationals 
according to the date of its installation as a National. 

Sec. 4. The Secretary shall be chosen from the chapter which is to 
have the presidency the following year. 

Sec. 5. The duties of the officers shall be those usually devolving 
upon such officers. 

ARTICLE V.— Voting. 

A unanimous vote shall be necessary to fix the date for pledge day 
and to make rules regulating rushing. 

ARTICLE VI. — Amendments. 

This Constitution can be amended by the unanimous vote of the 
Pan-Hellenic. 

BY-LAWS. 

1. The date of pledge day shall be the 

II. It shall be considered dishonorable for a fraternitv member, 
active or alumnae, to speak disparagingly of another fraternity or of one 
of its members to a rushee. 

III. The Constitution and By-Laws of this Pan-Hellenic shall be 
printed not later than May 1st of each year, and five (5) copies of the 
same shall be sent by each chapter to its Grand President. 

IV. These By-Laws may be amended by the unanimous vote of the 
Pan-Hellenic. 

Besides the model constitution and printed reports of the Fifth 
Conference, there emanated from the Inter- Sorority Conference 
management a pamphlet report on the joint meeting of Deans 
and Advisers of Women in State Universities and Representa- 
tives of the Inter- Sorority Conference. 

This report takes up the following lines: 

I. High School Sororities. 

II. Cutting classes and Poor Work. 

III. Increased expenditure. , 



106 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

IV. Attitude of Sorority girls to Non-Fraternity Men. 

V. Attitude of girls to men whose conduct could justly be 
criticised. 

VI. Cheating. 

The three recommendations of the Fourth Conference and 
the four of the Fifth Conference were again emphasized. Work 
was done on the matter of official badges. 

The Conference adjourned to meet September, 1907. 
(See Trident, Vol. XVI, No. 1). 

In closing this chapter on Inter-Sorority work, a few ex- 
tracts from the report made at the Syracuse Convention by Tri- 
Delta's Delegate to the Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference are ap- 
pended. 

As Miss Olgen was AAA delegate to the Third, Fourth 
and Fifth Conferences, was secretary of the Third, chairman of 
the Fourth, a member of the Madison I. S. C. Committee report- 
ing to the Fifth, and was Grand Secretary of Delta Delta Delta 
for 1904-1906 and elected Grand President for 1906-1908, by 
the Seventh National Convention, it is thought that no more 
authoritative summary will be needed. 

"Whatever may or may not have been accomplished at the 
Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference, held in Chicago, September 14- 
15, 1906, the very fact that the conference did meet then for the 
fifth consecutive year, was a source of gratification to many of the 
delegates who have been privileged to attend all the meetings 
and who have had a part in this big movement from the small 
beginnings of earlier years. When such a project as the Inter- 
Sorority Conference was an experiment, both to ourselves and 
to the entire Greek world, masculine and feminine, we were 
granted by the masculine half or three-fourths of that world, 
five years, at the longest, in which to prove beyond shadow of 
doubt that there could be no inter-fraternal relationship on any 
basis. Those who scoffed at first, remained to study and finally 
to imitate, and now we hear of local Pan-Hellenics among the 
men and some talk of a similar national organization. 

To the women most interested, it did not take more than one 
year, or at most two, to prove the experiment a success, nor long 
er than that for the fraternities most interested to determine to 
perpetuate the movement. The genuine and abiding interest in 
the Inter-Sorority Conference is evident in the fact that a number 



SUMMARY OF INTER-SORORITY WORK. 107 

of delegates have attended every conference thus far held, and 
that the delegates are now almost without exception members of 
Grand Councils and Executive Boards, a number of them being 
the chief executives in their respective organizations. 

The Fifth Conference was important in that it framed a con- 
stitution which is to be approved at the next conference. This 
is only a simple working constitution but it is important in that 
it settles many disputed points and defines clearly the object 
and powers of the conference. 

Much good has been accomplished by the Inter-Sorority Con- 
ference, but there is room for much more work and there is no 
reason why future conferences should not continue to do even 
more. The object of the Inter-Sorority Conference is so broad 
that it opens up a big field of work. The primary object has 
been and is to improve methods of rushing and pledging. None 
have felt the evils in rushing and pledging more keenly than so- 
rority members themselves ; none have suffered from them so se- 
verely as the members themselves. The colleges and universities 
where such evils are unknown or have been reduced to a mini- 
mum are few and far between. Certain evils have been entirely up- 
rooted. No pledging before matriculation is now done at any 
college or university where two or more nationals exist. There 
are two exceptions now, but it is expected that these two will 
very soon conform to the general rule. In these same institu- 
tions there exist local Pan-Hellenic Associations which fix the 
definite date of pledging after matriculation, and in nearly every 
case, rules have been adopted which have limited or actually done 
away with rushing. 

It is hoped that in time the present primary object may be- 
come secondary, and the entire time and attention of both Inter- 
Sorority Conference and local Pan-Hellenics, be centered on the 
many other problems of sorority life. 

Many different activities of the Inter- Sorority Conference 
are classed under the head of "Social Service Work." Sorority 
problems are not problems confined to the organizations as such. 
They are co-existant with many general educational problems. 
Sororities owe their very existence to co-education. Almost 
without exception, sororities were born in co-educational institu- 
tions. By far the greater number of chapters, and usually the 
strongest chapters, are located in co-educational colleges and uni- 



108 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

versities. If co-education is still on trial, then the life of soror- 
ities is not assured. Whatever problems co-education presents, 
must necessarily become sorority problems. For selfish reasons 
alone, then, we must help to make co-education permanent and 
assured and more general than at present. But we are working 
for philanthropic reasons also, because we believe firmly that as 
organized bodies, we have more or less power to aid in any 
movement for good, and we believe that in some cases, certain 
desired results can be obtained through such organizations as 
ours, and through such only. Many problems of education, from 
the woman's side, have already been made the subject of much 
discussion. Committees have been steadily at work on such 
questions as "adequate dormitory facilities," "value of sorority 
houses," "rules and regulations governing same," "need of Dean 
of Women in every co-educational institution," "high standard 
of scholarship," "adequate but uniformly democratic social life 
for all," "limitation of excessive expenditure on social func- 
tions" — and most important of all — "college ethics and morals." 

But the , field of activity has not been confined to higher 
education only. Leaders of secondary education are facing a 
serious problem in the High School fraternity and sorority. 
Magazines and newspapers are full of agitation. Litigation has 
resulted in many places. Whole communities have been stirred. 
The Inter- Sorority Conference has considered this question and 
finds a remedy in .the proposed motion now before the national 
organizations : 

Resolved, That the Sororities in High and other secondary 
schools be discountenanced, and that four years from date of no- 
tification by Grand Presidents, each Sorority in the Inter-Sorority 
Conference refuse to admit any young woman who has been a 
member of a sorority (any secret society) in any high or sec- 
ondary school." 

If this motion is carried, there can be no more speedy and 
effective method of absolutely crushing the High School sorority. 
If the fraternities will then do likewise; this problem will be eas- 
ily solved. 

So far Delta Delta Delta has taken an active part in the In- 
ter-Sorority Conference. Both Council and Chapters, Active and 
Alliance, have uniformly supported the most progressive resolu- 
tions and recommendations proposed by the Conference, and 



SUMMARY OF INTER-SORORITY WORK. 109 

have readily voted in favor of all proposed legislation. Chapter 
reports show a deep and intelligent interest in Inter-Sorority 
matters and the majority of Chapters have taken a strong initia- 
tive in the local Pan-Hellenics. The magazine, The Trident, 
devotes considerable space each issue to matters of Inter-Soror- 
ity interest and the editorial policy is to support and advance the 
movement in every possible way. The Grand Council is united 
in insisting upon the absolute enforcement in spirit and in letter 
o'f all Inter-Sorority conference legislation. . 

Amy H. Olgen. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES 



General Notes 

The major portion of the history of any fraternity must be 
the history of its individual chapters and again of its individual 
members. 

Lack of space limits the writing of this real history. But 
leaders have been attempted. All the Chapters report many so- 
cial events of the rushing season. "Let not the student idea be 
put into the back-ground by social ambitions," might be a watch 
word for inter-sorority work. 

Fraternity or Founder's Day and Chapter Day are two reg- 
ular celebrations provided for every Chapter by the Constitution. 

Not many years have elapsed in which to attain post-gradu- 
ate distinction and but little has been attempted in gathering such 
statistics. A large percentage of Tri Delta graduates are found 
enrolled in the home circles of the land as wives and mothers. 
Perhaps to them in one sense has come the greater opportunity. 
The majority of these are still students, fraternity workers, Wom- 
an's Club workers, and anxious guards of the American public 
school system. 

Almost the entire remaining list of graduates are teachers 
in some line, public or private, excepting the few whose profes- 
sions are given. Who shall say how great the work of the 
teacher or how large the awaiting reward? 

Something of the growth of Tri Delta may be appreciated 
when one glances at the annals of the Conventions of 1893 and 
1894 and then remembers that a recent Trident article (Vol. 14, 
No. 1) stated that at the Y. W. C. A. Student Conference, at 
Lake Geneva, Wis., Sept. 1-12, 1904, eight Tri Deltas were pres- 
ent representing six different Chapters in five different states. 
This was the largest representation of any sorority. Each sub- 
sequent student's conference has reported meetings of various 
numbers of members from widely scattered Chapters and hardly 
a Trident but records the accidental acquaintances made through 

(110) 



CHAPTER HISTORIES GENERAL NOTES. Ill 

meeting wearers of the Stars and Crescent. Interlaken, Switz- 
erland, the Alps and Pike's Peak were among some of the more 
recent meeting places. It is interesting to note that the first 
chance meeting recorded was between representatives of Alpha 
and Gamma, (Bertha Gardner and Matie T rumble) under the 
great dome of the National Capitol, Washington, in July, 1891. 
(See Trident, Vol. 1, No. 1.) 

At the Pan-Hellenic banquet, held at Des Moines, Iowa, Jan. 
26, 1906, out of the ninety-seven fraternity women present, rep- 
resenting eight Sororities, ( Kappa Alpha Theta. Aloha Phi, Delta 
Delta Delta, Gamma Phi Beta, Alpha Xi Delta, Pi Beta Phi, Kappa 
Kappa Gamma and Delta Gamma), eighteen were Tri-Deltas, 
representing four chapters, Delta, Phi, Epsilon and Kappa. At 
the World's Fair Pan-Hellenic reception and banquet (1893), 
ten Tri Deltas met, representing four Chapters, Alpha, Epsilon, 
Gamma and Zeta. Fifteen Tri Deltas met at the St. Louis Fair, 
1904 (June 26). Many inter-chapter parties, chapter house par- 
ties and excursions have been enjoyed. 

It will of course be realized that in compiling Chapter his- 
tories, inaccuracies and omissions must of necessity occur. The 
manner of keeping records and of reporting the same have in the 
past varied so much in the different Chapters and the honor cus- 
tom in voge is so different in the various schools that each report 
must be considered a separate unit. Nevertheless something of 
computation, inaccurate though it may be, is interesting. The 
lists record ninety members of Phi Beta Kappa, in Delta Delta 
Delta. (Kappa Alpha Theta founded in 1.870, reports but 
ninety-six in Baird's Manual). But fourteen of the Chapters 
are in institutions conferring this honor and two of them have 
given it but a short time. In one of the Chapters carrying a 
small membership, Sigma, fifteen girls have won the key. Over 
eight hundred honors and positions in college are reported, with 
the majority of the Chapters reporting only those of greatest 
significance and one hundred and fifty names have recorded with 
them something of Post Graduate distinction, although prior to 
last year nothing had been done by the Chapters in collecting or 
filing such data. 

Much that was of interest in local Chapter life was necessar- 
ily abridged or omitted. Every Chapter meeting other Nationals 
reports Pan-Hellenic Associations, a few Faculty Pledge Days. 



112 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA, 

A close and commendable guard over the scholarship and general 
college standing of the members is in evidence in every record. 

If the past is a true index to the future, the next historian 
of Delta Delta Delta will be able to compile a brilliant report of 
that which these years of growth and preparation have made it 
possible to achieve. 

Only those students are eligible for active membership in 
any of the Chapters of Delta Delta Delta who are candidates for 
the regular degrees (A. B., Ph. B., B. L. and B. S. or their su- 
perior degrees) or are specials who are taking ten hours a week 
in work leading to those degrees or are students in the College 
departments of Engineering, Domestic Science, Art, Music, 
Oratory, Law, Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacy, who are tak- 
ing three or four year courses leading to degrees or certificates 
where the entrance requirements are equivalent to those for en- 
trance upon a regular college course. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES 



Alpha 

Organization. 

Alpha Chapter was founded at the University of Boston, 
Boston, Mass., on Thanksgiving Eve., November 28, 1888, by 
two Seniors, Sarah Ida Shaw and Eleanor Dorcas Pond, who 
soon associated with them two other Seniors, Isabelle M. Breed 
and Florence I. Stewart. These four, almost at once , proceeded 
to select a full Chapter, pledging three girls from the 
junior class, five sophomores, and six freshmen. Miss Shaw 
and Miss Pond began the revealing of the new rites to this 
group, in class order, on January 15, 1889. The first initiation 
was completed at the home of Emily F. Allen on Joy street on 
that evening, and on the following Monday eighteen Tri-Delta 
pins announced to the Greek letter world of Boston University 
that the rumors of a new society were based on the fact that a 
thoroughly organized Chapter had taken its place in their midst. 

The first nineteen names on the Alpha Constitution are giv- 
en below in the order in which they are signed, with their respec- 
tive classes indicated. The two names enclosed in parentheses 
were for some reason added after the first initiation January 15, 
1889. On January 18, a special initiation was held admitting 
Marion K. Norris. 

1889 

Sarah Ida Shaw Florence Isabelle Stewart 

Eleanor Dorcas Pond Isabel Morgan Breed 

1890 

Emily Frances Allen Lotta A. W. Stevens 

Hattie Clinton McNeil 

1891 

Mattie Ora Carter Alice Elizabeth Rich 

Margaret Evelyn Emerson f Marion K. Norris) 

Bertha Brackets (Mabel Partridge) 

. i* • ... . • 1892 . ■ 

Delia Alice Badger Emily Stickney Clough 

(113) 



114 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Myrtle May Burdett Grace Butler Gallison 

Hannah Josephine Centre Charlotte Elizabeth Joslin 

SPECIAL INITIATION, MARCH 7, 1889 

Etta May Budd, Ames, Lowa 

1892 

Bertha Gardner Maud Muzzy 

Blanche Seaver 

The first regular initiation for the new college year was 
held November 22, 1889 at 165 West Chester Park and at this 
time the following were initiated : 

Mabel Partridge, '91. Nettie Buckland, '93. 

Carrie Tanner, '92. Christine Jansson, '93. 

Etta lone Ferry, '93. Mary Cochran, 93. 

Flora Smith, '93. Susie Sayre, '93. 

Edith Knowles, '93. Flora M. Smith, '93. 

HONORARY MEMBERS. 

Mrs. Wm. E. Huntington." Mrs. Augustus H. Buck. 

Mrs. Borden P. Bowne 

Chapter Data. 

Regular rooms for chapter meetings are now maintained 
and it is the custom of non-resident students to find accommoda- 
tions together. Alpha Chapter entertains its Alumnae at least 
once a year and the Alumnae give the chapter an Annual Christ- 
mas spread. A Pan-Hellenic reception called Klatsch Collegium 
entertains them at an open meeting early in the spring, a play 
before the College Philomathean Society and the Annual initia- 
tion banquet are the regular social events of the Chapter, that 
take precedence over the various informal dances and parties. 
This year the classes are also being entertained. 

Besides the responsibilities and burdens of founding and ex- 
tending a national sorority borne so long and successfully by 
members of Alpha Chapter, and the Chapter as a whole, else- 
where recorded, one will see, by turning to publications, how for 
nine long years, — the first years, the hard years, an Alpha girl 
was Editor-in-Chief of the Trident and that with her and with 
Alpha Chapter rested the responsibility of its business manage- 
ment. To Alpha Chapter girls must be given also the honor of 
organizing the first Alumnae Alliance and of giving the necessary 
successful impetus to such a movement as to assure its adoption 
by the fraternity at large. Alpha Chapter also conducted itself 
in such a manner as to secure recognition as a national sorority, 
even before its first Convention, being invited in April, 1891, to 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — ALPHA. 115 

assemble its delegation of three for representation in the Wom- 
an's Pan-Hellenic Convention, called by Kappa Kappa Gamma. 

In 1902, Alpha Chapter entertained the Fifth National Con- 
vention in a manner that did credit both to its record as a parent 
Chapter and to the beautiful places of historical and literary fame 
which they by virtue of location could offer the sight seeing dele- 
gates, when an hour could be snatched from work. 

Other sororities precede Delta Delta Delta in date of estab- 
lishment, a few in length of chapter roll but none are prouder of 
the rank and location of the College, where their parent chapter 
was founded, nor can another outrival Delta Delta Delta in the 
earnest steadfast purpose of the Alpha members or in the success 
attending their every effort. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Alpha ruled as Grand Chapter 1888-1893. 

Alpha called first Chapter Conference April 18, 1891. 

Entertained First Alpha Province Convention, Oct. 30-Nov. 1, 1895. 

Entertained Fifth National Convention, June 26 — July 1, 1902. 

Sarah Ida Shaw, Grand President, 1888-1893 ; Grand Com. Education 
1893-1897. 

Charlotte E. Joslin, Grand Secretary, 1893-1897. 

Martha K. Eveleth, Grand Vice President (Alpha Province), 1894 
1897. 

Sarah Ida (Shaw) Martin, Grand Historian, 1897-1900. 

Sarah (Bartlett) Hayes, Grand President, 1900-1904. 

Emily Frances Allen, Editor of Trident, 1891-1900. 

Blanche Seaver, AAA delegate, Pan-Hellenic Conference, 1891. 

Christine (Jansson) Howard, Grand Vice President, Alpha Province, 
1906-1908. 

College Honors. 

Phi Beta Kappa (Instituted 1899) — 

1899— Marion E. Clark. 
1899— Ada A. Cole. 
1900 — Sarah L. Peckover. 
1901— Winifred E. Howe. 
1901— Mabel F. Barnum. 
1902— Hulda J. Barnes. 
1902 — Grace Barnum. 
1906— Annie T. Gilchrist. 

There is absolutely no recognition of an honor system at 
Boston University, therefore Alpha Chapter has kept no record 
of such things. She has always had her share of representation 
on the University Beacon, in the Proctor-ships, in the Klatsch- 
Collegium, Gamma Delta Society, various College clubs, Y. W. 
C. A. and the Junior Week Program (new in 1904). A few po- 



116 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

sitions of recent years are appended merely as an indication of 
the college activities. 

1900 — Sarah Peckover, Senior Proctor. President of Philamathean 

Alice Black, Treasurer Gamma Delta. 

Hulda Barnes, Klatsch Collegium Director. 
1901— Hulda J. Barnes, Class Prophet. 

Mabel F. Barnum, Farewell Address, Class Day. 
1902 — Grace A. Barnum, Class Historian. Member Philosophical 

Club. 
1903— Edith M. Lovell, Class Prophet. 

Helen H. Merrill, Member Class Day Committee. 
1904— Edith Benner, Class Prophet. 

Priscilla Penfield, Senior Dramatics. 

Marion D. Leach, Junior Play. Class Treasurer. Finance Com- 
mittee. 
1905 — 'Marion D. Leach, Class Day Committee. 

Junior Day — 

Lucy F. Evans, Executive Committee. 
Edith Cole, Promenade Committee. 
Annie Gilchrist, Dramatic Committee. 
Marion L. Ford, Musicale Committee. 
Camille F. Wheeler, Junior Day Committee. 
Lucy F. Evans, Junior Day Committee. 
1906 — Lucy F. Evans, Class Day Committee. 

Junior Day — 

M. Alice Haggarty, Finance Committee. 
Bertha F. Hayes, Promenade Committee. 
Persis C. Olney, Junior Day Committee. 

The two clubs given below have only been organized a very 
few years and have had their share of Alpha girls. 

Current Literature Club — 

Eva L Perry, Ex-'OS. 
Cora E. Kellogg, '08. 
Emma W. Galbraith, '09. 

Historical Club — 

Ruby H. Cole, '06. 
Alma D. Stone, Ex-'07. 
E. Pearl Davis, '08. 

Among some old records are found: 

Sarah Ida Shaw, '89, Commencement Speakership (2). Charlotte E. 
Joslin, '92, Oratorical Prize. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Sarah Ida (Shaw), Teacher Greek and German, Clinton Collegiate 
Institute. 

Charlotte E. Joslin, A. M. (B. U), 1899. Student Oxford University, 
1901. Treasurer R. I. Com., International Institute. 

Florence Medora Kilburn, A. M. (B. U.), 1905. 

Eleanor Dorcas Pond, M. D. (Tufts). 

Ada A. Cole, Secretary Mass. Epsilon, of * B K. 




Jacob Sleeper Hall, Boston University. 
(Birthplace of Delta Delta Delta). 




The Parthenon, Boston University (1888), 
Where Delta Delta Delta Was Founded. 



a 
> 

n 
a 

> 



n 





Delta Chapter House. 






Delta Chapter House. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — DELTA. 117 

Sarah L. Peckover, A. M., 1902 I B. U). 

Grace B. Gallison, Teacher Mather Academy, Mather, S. C. 

Emily S. Clough, Teacher Natural Sciences, Tillottson Academy, 
Trinidad, Colo. 

Maud Muzzy, A. M., Radcliffe College. 

Grace Ayers, Teacher of Languages, Morgan College, Baltimore, Md. 

Nettie Louise Buckland, Prin. Passaic Collegiate School, Passaic, 
N. J. Teacher Math. St. Margaret's School, Buffalo, N. Y. 

STUDENTS ABROAD. 

Maud Muzzy. Christine Jansson. 

H. Clinton McNeil. Marion Nickerson. 

Belle Breed. Martha Eveleth. 

Ida Blanchard. Ina F. Capen. 

Grace Gallison. Myra Burrage 

Eleanor Pond. Grace Ayres. 

College Data. 

Boston University was founded in 1869, and although non- 
sectarian is supported by the Methodist Episcopal Denomination. 

Late this spring arrangements were completed whereby 
the University will leave "Jacob Sleeper Hall" and will move 
this summer to better buildings in a much better location, but a 
short distance from the Public Library and Art Institute. 

In the Liberal Arts Department, it numbers, 1905, men stu- 
dents 184; women 317; faculty 30; in 190G, it numbered, in all 
departments, men 900, women 600. 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

A #, installed 1882; active members 26 21 

K K r, installed 1883 ; active members 19 22 

r * B, installed in 1887 ; active members 20 29 

AAA, installed in 1888; active members 25 25 

IT B *, installed 1896; active members 27 27 

2 K, installed 1900; active members 26 27 

Delta 

(Delta Deuteron formerly.). 

Organization. 

Delta Chapter was installed in Simpson College, Indianola. 
la., May 10, 1889, by Etta May Budd, of Alpha. Sarah Ida 
Shaw and Etta May Budd inspired the local L. F. V. sororsis, 
existing in the college successfully since 1871 and numbering 
ninety-five members to apply for a charter in Delta Delta Delta. 
This was the second Chapter established and was known as Delta 
Deuteron until the First National Convention, when the system 



118 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

of naming was changed and this Chapter became Delta, with the 
list of the former Delta Chapter affiliated. Miss Budd was at this 
time a member of the faculty at Simpson College. 

The local, having abandoned the idea of founding a national 
was investigating Greek letter societies with a view toward peti- 
tioning some one of them later, when the acquaintance of Miss 
Budd, of Alpha, was made and thus Tri-Delta chosen. On April 
19, 1889, a pledge was signed by three members of L. F. V. for 
the society, Mrs. Alice Barker Berry, '72 (A. M.), Mrs. Dora Gil- 
ford Honnold, '75, and Miss Carrie McCausland, '89, who then 
received the ritual and then preceeded to initiate the others. 
The initiation took place at the home of Mrs. Dora Gifford Hon- 
nold. 

Charter Members. 

Alice Barker Berry. Minnie Thompson. 

Hattie Berry. Carrie McCausland. 

Lulu Linn. Carrie Page. 

Dora Gifford Honnold. Hattie Cheshire. 
Annette Parrott. 

Honorary Members. 
Mrs. Chas. Eldred Shelton. Miss Elizabeth Bentley. 

Chapter Data. 

In 1896 a room was rented for meetings. A Chapter House 
was maintained last year for those members not residents of In- 
dianola. Owing to the late pledge day this year (1907) it was 
thought best to give up the house this year, but plans are made to 
have a fine one next year. One formal party is given each term 
and a farewell meeting for the Seniors held the last day of Com- 
mencement Week. On this occasion, the officers for the ensuing 
year are installed. 

On account of the forty-five years history back of the L. F. 
V. Sorosis, Delta Chapter has had most valuable alumnae support. 
An old banner is found here of blue plush lined with silver silk, 
edged with silver fringe and emblazoned with a golden Delta. 

Delta Chapter reported thirty-six elective and honorary posi- 
tions held in 1905 and 1906. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Entertained First Gamma Province Convention, 1895. 
Estella Trueblood, Grand Treasurer, 1893-1894. 
Estella Trueblood, Grand Vice President, Gamma Province, 1900- 
1902. 



chapter histories — delta. 119 

College Honors. 

Buxton Scholarship — 

Mary Linn. Fannie Clark. 

Buxton Oratorical Contest — 

Callie Rogers. Gertrude Brown. 

Freshman Prize — 

Minora Trueblood. 
Barker Medal — 

Hattie Berry. 
Badley Junior Thesis Contest — 

Stella Wilson. Gertrude Brown. 

* B K, University of Iowa, Winnifred Morris, 1905. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Faculty of Simpson College — 

Etta May Budd. Estella Trueblood. 

Fannie J. (Clark) Watson. Alma A. Robbins. 

Annette (Parrott) Tarleton. Minnie Jay. 

Lydia Wilkinson. Missionary, China. 
Alma Robbins, A. B., 1905, M. Ph., 1906. 

While the custom was still in vogue among fraternities and 
sororities to initiate well known people as honorary members, 
Mrs. J. Ellen Foster, Lecturer and Social Service Worker, was 
initiated by Delta Chapter, (1891). She was recently detailed 
from the Department of Justice by direction of President Roose- 
velt to investigate the condition of woman and child workers 
throughout the country. A recent New York Daily has the fol- 
lowing to say of the appointment: 

"Mrs. Foster has had years of philanthropic work that peculiarly fits 
her for gathering just such statistics. She was among the first women 
in the country to study and practice law, and most of her clients were 
moneyless and defenseless women and children. 

"She has been prominent in most of the best reform movements 
which have engaged women's clubs and societies, and usually had charge 
of the work of crystallizing the sentiment into political action. 

"On two occasions she brought special trainloads of factory women 
from New England to testify before senate committees as to their wages 
and living conditions. 

"In 1900 Mrs. Foster was appointed by Secretary of State John 
Hay to represent the United States in the International Red Cross 
Conference at St. Petersburg. Last year she accompanied the Taft 
party to the Philippines and made a special report to President Roose- 
velt on the condition of women and children there. 

"Mrs. Foster returned from a trip around the world a few months 
ago, in the course of which she studied the condition of women and 
children in China and India." 



120 history of delta delta delta. 

College Data. 

Simpson College was founded in 1867 and is Methodist 
Episcopal. It numbers 

1905 1906 

Men students 250 

Women students 200 

Faculty ... 20 

Men and women in all schools 914 

Women in Collegiate Department 116 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

n B *, installed 1874 ; active members 22 21 

AAA, installed 1889; (from local, formerly L. F. V., founded 

1871); active members 18 18 

A A r installed March 10, 1889 ; active members 13 

A X CI installed 1907. 

K A 9, installed 1879; withdrawn 1891. 

K K r, installed 1881; withdrawn 1890. 

Epsilon 

Organization. 

Epsilon Chapter was founded at Knox College, Galesburg, 
111., in 1889, by transforming a local society formed in March, 
1888, and known as Kappa Beta Theta, into the third Chapter of 
Tri-Delta. 

This society had been organized for the purpose of procur- 
ing a charter from a national and while considering the matter 
began correspondence with Sarah Ida Shaw through the influ- 
ence of mutual fraternity acquaintances. The charter was 
granted July 9, 1889, by the three grand officers. 

In August, 1889, Miss Hattie Berry, of Delta (Deuteron) 
Chapter, came and initiated the Chapter, that they might get their 
pins and arrange their plans before college opened. The initia- 
tion took place in Phi Gamma Delta Hall and the event was fol- 
lowed by a banquet. Regular organization and installation with 
some accompanying social events occurred at the Thanksgiving 
Eve following and in some way the date of the installation of Ep- 
silon Chapter has always been given as Thanksgiving Eve, 1889. 

Charter Members. 

Patsie Ingersoll. Alta Marsh. 

Mabel Crocker. Martha Stone. 

Ella Milchrist. Frances' Sisson. 

Nellie Ayers. Nellie T. Bassett. 
Lillian Emrich. 



chapter histories — epsilon. 121 

Honorary Members. 

Mrs. James C. Simpson. Mrs. George W. Thompson. 

Mrs. William E. Phillips. 

Chapter Data. 

The college does not allow its sororities to maintain either 
Houses or Halls but meetings in the homes are systematically 
carried on and great vitality and enthusiasm is shown here and 
in a series of elaborate social functions given each year, includ- 
ing a formal ball, a reception, banquet and many minor events. 
The annual Thanksgiving banquet is a double celebration for 
this Chapter, and Upsilon, Gamma, Delta and Phi Chapters have 
had representatives present at this affair. 

The Chapter has stepped outside mere college activity and 
furnished one of the rooms of the Free Kindergarten Building of 
Galesburg and does active personal work there each week. 

A summary of the long honor list gives the following: 

There have been 137 girls initiated, 45 have been members 
of L. M. I., 25 of Y. W. C. A., 6 have been graduated in piano, 
1 in violin, 3 in voice, and 57 from college; 19 first prizes have 
been won, 10 second prizes, and 70 elective offices in college or- 
ganizations have been held (not including class plays). 

There have been 62 marriages and 5 deaths in the chapter. 

Many Epsilon girls have been prominent in the social and 
literary life of Galesburg, after graduation, one year's report 
showing each of the four leading literary clubs of the city pre- 
sided over by a Tri Delta. 

A Chapter whose strength at home made it impossible for 
it to realize the struggles of a new and as yet unorganized nation- 
al, Epsilon received something of a shock when it invited the 
First National Convention to come to Galesburg and witnessed 
the arrival of so few delegates. Those few, however, were 
royally entertained and went away very proud of the Chapter that 
had received them. Epsilon has the unique honor of having en- 
tertained two National Conventions, and the numbers of the Sixth 
Convention must have satisfied the wildest dreamer of them all. 

This Convention found that the hospitality, praised of old, 
was still characteristic there. With Epsilon also met the First 
National Alumnae Alliance session, at the time of a Beta Prov- 
ince Convention, 1898. 



122 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

At present the burden of the Trident rests with one of their 
members and the glory of her achievements rests on Epsilon. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Entertained P'irst National Convention, 1893. 
Entertained Second Convention of Beta Province, 1898. 
Entertained First National Alumnae Alliance Session, 1398. 
Entertained Sixth National Convention, 1904. 

Delegates present at all but one National Convention and at all Prov- 
ince Conventions. 
Almedia Laurson, '93, Grand President, 1893-1894. 
Harriet Stone, '97, Grand Secretary, 1897-1900. 

R. Louise Fitch, '02, Grand Vice President (Beta Prov.), 1904-1905 
R. Louise Fitch, '02, Editor of Trident, 1905-1908. 
R. Louise Fitch, '02. Visiting Delegate, 1905-1906. 
Irene Olson, '05, Grand Vice President (Beta Prov.) 1905-1906. 

College Honors. 

Valedictorians — 

1890 — Grace Hoffman. 
1899— Mable Baxter. 

Salutatorians — 

1893 — Almedia Laurson. 

1905 — Florence Clarkson (tied for second honors). 

Presidents of L. M. I. (Literary) — 

1894— Martha Stone. 
1900 — Pauline King. 
1901 — Louise Fitch. 

Commencement Speakers — 

1894 — Janet Greig. 
1900 — Mae Stevenson. 
1905 — Florence Clarkson. 

Sophomore Plays — 

1891 — Edna Wilmot, Almedia Laurson. 
. 1900 — lone Vose. 

1901 — Lillian Lanphear, Gertrude Trask. 

1902 — Elsa Freedman, Elizabeth Arnold. 

1903 — Florence Clarkson, Irene Olson. 

1904 — Harriet Arnold, Estella Spies, Ethel Conner. 

1905 — Marie Seacord, Alma Thompson. 

1906— Bertha Collins. 

Y. IV. C. A.— 

Presidents : 

1893-'94— Eleanor Milchrist. 
1902-'03 — lone Vose. 
1003-'04— Elizabeth Arnold. 

Vice Presidents: 

1905-'06 — Harriet Arnold. 

Delegates : 

1901 — lone Vose, Elizabeth Arnold, Summer Conference at Lake 
Geneva, Wisconsin. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — EPSILON. 123 

1902 — Irene Olson, lone Vose, Lake Geneva ; Harriette Wilcox and 

Louise Fitch,, State Convention, Aurora, 111. 
1904 — Marian Vose, State Convention at Peoria, 111. 
1906 — Laura Alton, Summer Conference, Winona Lake, Ind. 

Honor Roll — 

1899— Ethel Rawalt. 

1904 — Florence Clarkson. 

1905 — Florence Clarkson, Gertrude Lescher, Marie Seacord, Clarissa 

Atwood. 
1907— Ruth Healy. 

College Editorial Honors — 
Student Staff: 
1899— Elsa Ertel. 
1900 — Pauline King. 
1902 — Louise Fitch. 
1903 — Elsa Freedman, Harriet Wilcox. 
1904 — Irene Olson, Florence Clarkson. 
1905 — Harriet Arnold. 
1906 — Clarissa Atwood, Ethel Conner. 
1907— Edith Dodds. 
1901 — Louise Fitch, Editor and Business Manager First Woman's 

Edition of "Knox Student." 
1906 — Clarissa Atwood, Editor Woman's Edition ; Harriet Arnold, 

Business Manager. 
1907 — Marie Seacord, Editor Woman's Edition ; Alma Thompson, 

Edith Dodds on staff. 
Gale Board : 

1898 — Marie Raymond. 

1899 — Elsa Ertel, Mae Stevenson, Louise Groves. 

1900— Lenna Short. 

1901— Louise Fitch. 

1902 — lone Vose, Lillian Lanphear, Gertrude Trask. 

1903— Elizabeth Arnold. 

1904 — Florence Clarkson, Irene Olson. 

1905 — Harriet Arnold, Estella Spies, Ethel Conner, Clarissa Atwood 

1906— Marie Seacord. 

1907— Edith Dodds, Marion Vose. 

Pianoforte Graduating Recital — 
1891— Eva Tamblyn. 
1896 — Blanche George. 
1898— Ella Blanche McLaughlin 
1900 — Nannie Ingersoll. 
1900— Lillian McLaughlin. 
1903— Julia Ferris. 

Violin — 

1904 — Louie Ferris. 
Special Recital in Voice — 

1903— Mabel Baxter. 

1907 — Lillian Lanphear. 

Graduate in Voice — 

1S97— Lillian Latimer. 
1903— Lillian Elwood. 
1906 — Maude Mcintosh. 

Class Presidents — 

1893-'94— Blanche Aldrich, Junior Class. 



124 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

1898-'99 — Loraine Gay, Junior Class. 
lS99-'00 — Mae Stvenson, Senior Class. 
1901-'O2 — Gertrude Trask. Junior Class. 
1904-'05 — Estella Spies, Junior Class. 

Ladies' Declamation Contest — 

1889 — Lottie Benjamin (1), Grace Hoffman (2). 

1894— Martha Stone (2). 

1895— Mary Wertman (2). 

1901— Lillian Lanphear (2), Gertrude Trask (3). 

1902 — Florence Clarkson (1), lone Vose (2), Elsa Freedman (8). 

1903— Elizabeth Arnold (1). 

1904— Ethel Conner (2). 

1905 — Clarissa Atwood (1). 

1906— Alma Thompson (l), Edith Dodds (2). 

Freshman Greek Honors — 

1896— Mable Baxter (1). 
1905— Lucy Roberts (1). 

Freshman Latin Honors — 

1S95 — Mable Baxter (1), Preparatory Latin. 
1896— Mae Stevenson (1), Mable Baxter (2). 
1904 — Gertrude Lescher (2). 
1905— Lucv Roberts (2). 

Theme Writing — 

1904— Clarissa Atwood (l). 

Ladies' Debate — 

1900— Pauline King (1). 
1902— Louise Fitch (1). 
1904— Elizabeth Arnold (1). 

Edgar Lee Masters Prise (Best Essay) — 

1906 — Clarissa Atwood (1). 

Athletics — 

(1) Boating— 

1900 — Blanche Stoll, Pauline King, Louise Fitch, class crew. 

1901-'02 and 'i9 r )2-'0^—lor.e Vose, Harriette Wilcox, Elsa Freedman, 

first prize. 
1903-'O4 and 1904-'05 — Harriet Arnold, Ethel Conner, part of winning 

crew. 

(2) Basket Ball— 

1899-1900-1901-'02— Louise Fitch, Captain College Team. 
1902 — lone Vose, Gertrude Trask, Ida Clemens, Harriette Wilcox. 
1903— lone Vose. 

1904-'05 — Estella Spies, Harriet Arnold, Marion Vose, Lelah Tubbs. 
1905-'06 — Harriet Arnold, Gertrude Simmons, Edith Dodds, Katharine 
Boyden, Laura Alton. 

(3) Bowling— 

1900-'01— Alta Murdoch, Whiting Hall Team. 

Class Plays (Seniors) — 

1897 — Mary Wertman, Harriet Stone. 

1899 —Loraine Gay, Mable Baxter, Lucie Hampton. 

1900 — Mae Stevenson, Pauline King. 

1903 — Lillian Lanphear, Elsa Freedman, Gertrude Trask, lone Vose 














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CHAPTER HISTORIES — EPSILON. 125 

1904— Elizabeth Arnold. 

1905 — Florence Clarkson, Irene Olson. 

1906 — Harriet Arnold, Ethel Conner. 

1907 — Anna Thompson, Bertha Collins, Marie Seacord. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Luna Gilbert, '91 — May Betonne Opera Co. 

Eleanor Milchrist, Student Columbia School of Oratory. Teacher of 
Oratory, Shenandoah, Iowa. 

Janet Greig, '94, student in Europe, 1894-'95. Instructor in French 
and German at Knox, 1896-'98. Dean of Women at Knox College, 
lS98-'02. 

Lillian Latimer, '97, vocal student in Minneapolis and New York. 

Estelle Johnson, ex-'95, Physical Director of Women at Knox, 1895. 

Harriet Stone, '97, Librarian Children's Department, Galesburg. 
19O3-'04. 

Mabel Baxter, '99, student at Columbia University, 1906. 

Edna Rex, '00, teacher in Philippines, 1901-'02. 

lone Vose, '03, General Secretary Y. W. C. A. at University of Indi- 
ana, 1904. Student State Secretary of Illinois, 1905. General Secretarv 
Y. W. C. A. at University of Colorado, 1907. 

Gertrude Trask, '03, student Simmons College, Boston, 1904. Teach- 
er, St. Mary's Knoxville, 111., (Domestic Science), 1906. Teacher Brad- 
ley Polytechnic Institution at Peoria. Teacher Jenkin Lloyd Jones School, 
Chicago, 1906. 

Lillian Elwood, '03, Instructor in Knox Conservatory, 1904. Pupil of 
Del Sedie and Jean De Reske in Paris, 1905-'06. Vocal student in Ber- 
lin, 1907. 

Lillian Lanphear, '03, Librarian Children's Department, Galesburg. 

Louie Ferris, '04, Instructor in violin at Sac City, Iowa. 

Lucy Hampton, '99, student Columbia School Oratory, Chicago, 
1905-'06. 

Grace Hoffman, '90, student in Germany of Art and Sociology. 

Blanche McLaughlin, '99, teacher of Piano, Music Department, Denni- 
son, Iowa. 

Rose Scott, ex-'93, Assistant State Supt. Sunday School Work for 
New Jersey, 1906. 

Pauline H. King, '00, teacher English and Elocution, Princeville and 
Kewanee, 111. 

Georgia Beede, ex-'98, Insurance Agent at Peoria, 111. 

R. Louise Fitch, '02, Assistant Editor Galva, 111., "News," 1904-'06. 
Editor and Business Manager "Galva Weekly News," 1906-1907. 

College Data. 

Knox College is undenominational. Founded in 1837. It numbers 

1904-'05 1905-'06 

Men students 200 174 

Women students 449 386 

Faculty 34 

Sororities. 

1904-'05 1905-'06 

IT B *, installed 1884 ; active members 20 19 

AAA, installed 1889; active members 21 16 

K K r, installed 1871, withdrawn 1874. 



126 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Delta 

Organization. 

Delta Chapter was installed at Iowa State College, Ames, 
Iowa, in June, 1890, by Etta Mae Budd, of Alpha. Miss Budd. 
B. S. '82, was a daughter of the Professor of Horticulture of 
Iowa State College and had been perfecting her education at Bos- 
ton University and upon her return to her home college had been 
elected a member of its faculty. Having given up her former 
idea of establishing a national fraternity and finding her old local 
W. D. T. disbanded, in spite of anti-fraternity disturbances, she 
found no difficulty in organizing a Chapter for the new national 
with which she had identified herself in Boston, Alpha Chapter 
of Delta Delta Delta. 

Charter Members. 

The following were all Senior girls who were chosen and 
initiated as charter members: 

Minnie A. Adams. Sappho Lane. 

Blanche M. Bradley. Minnie A. Malley. 

Etta M. Budd. Olivia M. Morton. 

Lynne Chevalier. Violet N. Quint. 

Carrie L. Cottrell. L. May Roddis. 

Mary H. Cottrell. Evelyn E. Starr. 

To this number were soon added: 

Nellie E. Dean. Eva Speer. 

Trident Degree — 

Flora Wilson. 

Chapter Data. 

It will be remembered that this College was the scene of the 
most violent anti-fraternity disturbances on record and that mat- 
ters were finally carried into the courts for adjustment, by chap- 
ters of the various men's fraternities. 

The Chapter of Delta Delta Delta remained loyal and earnest 
but after being forbidden to initiate more members (in 1892), 
discontinued its work on account of this faculty anti-fraternity 
legislation. It surrendered its charter to the First National Con- 
vention and from this time Delta Deuteron Chapter, located at 
Simpson College, Iowa, received the name of Delta, affiliating 
the former members of that Chapter. 

In the spring of 1906, the Editor of the Trident noticed the 



CHAPTER HISTORIES DELTA GAMMA. 127 

names of some of this Chapter in a list of people participating in 
a Pan-Hellenic banquet at Waterloo, Iowa. Correspondence 
immediately revealed the fact that Tri Delta bonds were as 
strong as ever and their interest in the national fraternity great, 
although fate had denied them a chapter home. Fourteen mem- 
bers were fully initiated here and two pledged or Trident Degree 
members existed. Tri Delta has never counted Delta at Iowa 
State College as a fairly established Chapter as the date of its 
initiation services and the anti-fraternity rulings so conflicted 
that it had no actual college existence. But the zeal and loyalty 
of its initiates have been appreciated all the more, and when one 
considers that this was not only an unsuccessful attempt but the 
unsuccessful attempt of a new sorority, the lasting interest of 
these girls is a splendid testimony to the value of its rites. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Etta May Budd, who had joined her forces and plans to Tri Delta 
while in Boston, was not only the organizer of Delta Chapter, but also 
transformed the L. F. V. Society of Simpson College into Delta Deuteron 
Chapter of Delta Delta Delta. She was for several years a member of the 
Simpson College Faculty. 

Evelyn Starr (since deceased), was a post graduate student at Ames. 

Eva Spear was a daughter of Prof. Spear, at that time Superintend- 
ent of U. S. Experimental Station. 

Flora Wilson (a pledged member), is the daughter of the Professor 
of Agriculture at that time, and he has since become a member of Presi- 
dent Roosevelt's Cabinet, while Miss Wilson is now studying in Paris. 

May Roddis Kruger is now in the Philippines, the wife of a U. S. 
army captain. 

College Data. 

Iowa State College was established under a grant for agri- 
cultural schools in 1869. Fraternities were ruled out in 1890- 
1891. Recently the rulings have been favorable again and some 
of the men's fraternities and Pi Beta Phi have reopened their 
chapters. 

n B #, established 1877; withdrawn 1887; re-established 1906. 
AAA, installed 1890; never conducted. 

Gamma 

Organization. 

Gamma Chapter was installed at Adrian College, Adrian, 
Mich., on Feb. 22, 1890, in W. C. T. U. parlors, by Mrs. L. A. W. 
Stevens, of Alpha. 



128 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

The group of girls composing it received all possible aid and 
encouragment both from the local chapters of the men's frater- 
nities and from various members of the faculty, it being felt that a 
second national sorority would be a good thing in the school. A 
local had been in existence since the beginning of the college 
year. 

Charter Members. 

Bessie M. Leach. Matie Trumble. 

Rose McCormick. Eva Rorick. 

Anna Poage. Daisy Mulvane. 

Anna Louise Porter. Fronia Rhonemus. 
Emma Kinney. 

Chapter Data. 

The Chapter has always maintained a chapter hall, located in 
a front wing of the girls' dormitory. A regular rent is paid for 
the hall and it is provided with all modern conveniences. It has 
been refurnished and re-decorated by the chapter for 4906, this 
being the third time that it has had renovation. Tri Delta girls 
at Adrain have always added to their creed the fostering of loy- 
alty to their Alma Mater. 

Weekly meetings are held. An opening party, a Pan-Hel- 
lenic affair of some kind and the Annual Reunion Banquet are 
the more important regular social duties. 

No record of minor college honors and positions has been 
kept, but Gamma Chapter reported the following college posi- 
tions for 1905-'06 : 

Senior Class Prophet, an Eulogist, Reciter, and Debater for 
Literary Societies' Anniversaries, Vice President of Y. W. C. A. 
and President of College Alumni Association. 

In her history Gamma Chapter has enjoyed three positions 
on the college faculty, five assistant or tutor positions and four 
of its girls have become wives of faculty members. In the first 
year of its organization, out of seven girls in college holding 
High School graduation first honors, five were on this Chapter 
roll. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Entertained Third Beta Province Convention, Oct. 12-15, 1899. 

Bessie M. Leach, delegate AAA, Inter-sorority Conference, 1891. 
Deputized Presiding Officer, First National Convention. Delegate AAA, 
World's Fair Com. on Pan-Hellenism. Speaker for A A A, World's 
Fair Pan-Hellenic Congress. 

Jessie Milne, delegate AAA, World's Fair Com. on Pan-Hellenism. 



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CHAPTER HISTORIES — GAMMA. 129 

Bessie Leach Priddy* Grand Vice President (Beta Province), 1893-4. 
Elizabeth (Gibbs) Palmer, Grand Vice President (Beta Province) 
1897-1900. 

Bessie (Leach) Priddy, Grand Historian, 1902-8. 

Winners of Society Contests — 

Bessie M. Leach. 
Adelaide Hyde. 
Elizabeth Gibbs. 
Celia Smith. 
Donna Harriman. 
Mattie Black. 

Winners of Society and Inter-Society Contests — 

1893— Elizabeth Gibbs. 
1898— Lelia E. Rorick. 
1899— Bertha M. Lambert. 

Prize in English Literature — 

1891— Elizabeth Gibbs. 
1894 — Kathleen Lome Blaine. 
1897— Nettie Lou Fuller. 
1901 — Mary E. Waterman. 

Graduating Prise in Music — 

1691 — Clara B. Hopkins. 

Gamma has enjoyed her full proportion of class honors, lit- 
erary society positions, and editorial duties. 

Editorial College World — 

1889— Bessie M. Leach, '91. 

1890— Clara M. Eayrs, Ex. 

1891 — Josephine Shinn, Ex. 

1892— Elizabeth Gibbs, '92. 

1893— Ella F. Tobias, '94. 

1897— Katherine Spahr, '97. 

1897 — Annie S. Cairns, '97. 

1897 — Lena Lackey. 

1899— Edith Nash. 

1899— Bertha M. Lambert, (editor in chief). 

1899 — Mary Celia Smith. 

1900-'02— Mattie Black, '02. 

1901 — Donna Harriman, Ex. 

1902 — Maud Jordan, '05. 

Presidents Literary Societies — 

Lambda Phi: 

Bessie M. Leach. 

Eva M. Rorick. 

Mary Morden. 

Nettie Van Wert. 

Mattie Black. 

Bertha Lambert. 

Mabel Waterman. • 



130 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

"Mabel Brierly. 
; Lelia Rorick. 
Maud Jordan. 

Star: 

Ella F. Tobias. ' 

Nettie L. Fuller. 
Edith Nash. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Elizabeth Gibbs Palmer, A. M., Instructor in German and Greek, 
Adrian College. 

Sarah Allis, Post Graduate, University of Chicago. 

Sadie Parsons, Assistant Principal, Woman's Hall, Adrian College. 

Bertha M. Lambert, Instructor in Latin, Adrian College. 

Octa Wise Case, Professor of Music, Adrian College. 1897 student 
abroad with Madame Teresa Carreno. At present post graduate student 
at University of Michigan under Albert Lockwood. 

Bessie Leach Priddy, 1900, Instructor in German, Adrian College 
State Treasurer Mich. Fed. Women's Clubs. 1905, President Adrian 
Alumni Association. 

Ella F. Tobias, Librarian New York City. Librarian University of 
Columbia Library. Librarian, University of Michigan Library. 

Clara B. Hopkins, Music Faculty, Gittings Seminary. LaHarpe, 111. 

Katherine Spahr Hull, Faculty Westminster College, Md. 

Mabel Waterman Totten, Missionary, 79 Oiwarnira, Shiznoka, Ja- 
pan. 

Myrtle N. Stillwell, Instructor in Adrian College. 

Josephine Shinn, Instructor in Adrian College. 

Mabel Terry Hamilton, student abroad, 1903. 

Anna L. Porter Milne, student abroad. 

Donna Harriman, assistant, Adrian College. 

College Data. 

Adrian College was founded as Wesleyan Methodist, 1859. 
It became Methodist Protestant, 1869. It numbers 

1904-5 1905-6 

Men students 90 110 

Women students 50 90 

Faculty 14 14 

Sororities. 

1904-5 1905-6 

K K r, installed May 26, 1882 ; active members 6 8 

AAA, installed Feb. 22, 1890; active members 10 10 

Beta 

Organization. 

Beta Chapter was installed at St. Lawrence University, Can- 
ton, N. Y., Dec. 24, 1891, by Florence M. Jackson, who acted as 





Chapter Houses Occupied Successively by Beta Chapter. 





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Beta Chapter House. (1907) 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — BETA. 131 

deputy for Grand President Sara Ida Shaw, Alpha. Miss Jack- 
son had been the moving spirit in the petitioning body and had 
made the trip to Meriden, Conn., where Miss Shaw was teach- 
ing, to take the initiation service direct from her as soon as the 
news was received that the charter had been granted. The 
initiatory banquet was held January 11, 1892. The St. Law- 
rence Chapter of Kappa Kappa Gamma tendered the new Trl 
Delta Chapter a reception February 13, 1892. 

Charter Members 

Florence Mabel Jackson. Abbie Elizabeth Casey. t; 

Edith May Wait. Eva Augusta Hitchcock. , / 

Mamie Linda Baker. Rhoda Emma Richardson. 

Margaret Jane Murray. Nina May Vinson. • ■ > 

Nellie Leona Baker. ' i ' - 



Mrs. H. A. Cowen. 



Honorary Members. 



Chapter Data. 



S i~ 



A Chapter House has been maintained for some time, pro- 
vided by their honorary member, Mrs. H. A. Cowen, for a time, 
but now supported by the girls. A goodly portion of a fund for 
the purchase of a home has been accumulated. Formal events 
here are Annual Initiatory Banquet, a joint celebration of Found- 
ers' and Chapter Day held some time between Thanksgiving and 
Christmas, annual Christmas celebration, Annual Alumnae Re- 
union Banquet and three or four other variable functions. Reg- 
ular meetings are held each Saturday evening. 

Beta Chapter entertained the Second National Convention 
with credit to itself and satisfaction to the fraternity. The first 
convention picture was made at this time. 

St. Lawrence University has been the scene of some very 
interesting sorority history, and Beta Chapter made as heroic a 
struggle as any Chapter ever recorded, and was rewarded by a 
remarkable success. To some of those who had watched and 
worked during the trying times recorded in their secret annals, 
the delegation of twenty-one members who came down to Syra- 
cuse to the Seventh National Convention was an inspiring sight. 
Besides having furnished a fourteen room Chapter House, Beta 
Chapter has made quite a start on a Chapter Endowment Fund. 

Besides the listed honors, the following positions were re- 
ported for 1905 — Vice Presidency of three classes and of the 



132 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Thelomathesia, representation on the Laurentian Board and the 
Presidency of both the S. L. U. French Club and the S. L. U. 
German Club. 

. • With Beta is found one of the earliest of banners, a blue and 
white satin Triangle, emblazoned with golden Stars and Cres- 
cent, swung from a silver Trident. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Entertained Second National Convention, Oct. 18, 1894. 
Entertained Second Alpha Province Convention, Nov. 23, 1898. 
Edith Wait Colson, Grand Treasurer, 1894-1897. 

College Honors. 

Phi Beta Kappa (Instituted 1899) — 

1899 — Gertrude Yale Atwater. 
1901 — Gertrude M. Robinson. 
1903— Edna Heckles. 
1905 — Emma Louise Cory. 
1905— Julia Wells Preston. 
1906 — Frances Louise Atwater. 
1906— Etta Evelyn Fraser. 

Commencement Speakers — ; 

1904 — Emma Corey (first class rank). 
1905 — Julia Preston (second class rank). 
1906 — Frances Atwater. 

Thelomathesia — 
: Vice Presidents.: 

1904 — Josephine Delaney. 
1906 — Frances Atwater. 
1907 — Helen Sawyer. 
1908 — Grace Dean. 

Tree Holiday Speaker — 

1907 — Wilhelmina Ackerman. 

Laurentian Board — 

1906 — Frances Atwater. 
1907 — Wilhelmina Ackerman. 

Basket Ball — 

1905 — Lena Wallace. 
1905 — Julia Preston. 
1906 — Frances Atwater. 
1906— Sarah Hulett. 
1907 — Helen Sawyer. 
1907— Gladys Millen. 
1908 — Winnie Kaylor. 
1908 — Helen McCormick. 

No past record of class officers, holiday speakers, editors of college 
papers and annuals has been kept, but Beta has been well represented. 
Associate Editor of 1904 Canto — 1904, Josephine Delaney. 
Associate Editor of 1908 Gridiron — 1908, Clara Paul. 



chapter histories zeta. 133 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Clara Morgan, active work as Ordained minister. 

College Data. 

St. Lawrence University was founded in 1856. The Col- 
lege of Letters and Science is non-sectarian but the Theological 
School is Universalist. A Law School was established in 1903 
and an Agricultural School in 1906. 

It numbers 

1905 1906 

Men students 132 317 

Women 91 99 

Faculty 12 

Sororities. 

Beta Beta Chapter of K K r was installed here in 1879 and the char- 
ter withdrawn in 1898, the members then forming the local known as Z <I>. 

1905 1906 

Z <i>, founded 1903 ; active members 27 24 

AAA, installed 1891 ; active members 20 19 

O r S (local), founded 1904; active members 9 9 

A r, installed 1884; charter withdrawn 1887. 

Zeta 

Organization. 

Zeta Chapter was installed at the University of Cincinnati, 
Cincinnati, O., May 23, 1892, by Emma B. Kinney, of Gamma, 
and it was through her efforts that the petitioning body for Zeta 
Chapter was assembled. Her home was in Cincinnati and when 
she decided to give up her work in Adrian College and enter her 
home University, it was her steadfast purpose to organize there 
a creditable chapter of the then young national sorority, in 
which she had been such an enthusiastic charter member at 
Adrian. 

The pride and strength of the local sororities there at the 
University at that time can scarcely be estimated by people ac- 
customed to measure things by the national standard. Miss 
Kinney's judgment both on character and scholarship was also 
of an unusually keen discrimination so that her task consumed 
nearly two years, but the history of Zeta Chapter and Zeta Al- 
liance declares to all how wisely and well it was accomplished 
and how loyally the early support that she gained work with her 
and for Tri Delta. 



134 history of delta delta delta. 

Charter Members. 

Emma B. Kinney. Estelle M. Riley. 

Ida Darsie. Margaret E. Layman. 

Emnie Esselborn. Alma S. Fick. 

Lucy M. Lambdin. Sadie A. Fortney. 

Carrie Marpe. Agnes R. Powers. 



Mrs. Thomas French. 



Honorary Member. 



Chapter Data. 



Meetings are held every other Saturday in the homes. 
Every two months a joint session of Alumnae Alliance and Chap- 
ter is held. Dances, plays, luncheons, and banquets are regular 
affairs. As an unusually large proportion of members are of 
Cincinnati families and thus the Alliance numbers more than 
fifty, the joint meetings are very large affairs. Those who at- 
tended the Fourth National Convention of A A A will never for- 
get the elaborate manner in which Zeta Chapter entertained. 
The gorgeous window decorations of the city, in honor of the 
Convention, bore witness to the fact that the Chapter was locally 
appreciated. For years a very strong and old local and two 
other good locals were formidable rivals, but the Convention of 
1900 was so convincing that since then Zeta has had a free range, 
K K r installed a Chapter here in 1885 but it existed but a few 
months, its charter being withdrawn in 1885. 

Zeta Chapter has also borne the responsibility of editing the 
Trident and borne it with credit. Miss Julia Closterman was 
the second editor-in-chief, assuming her duties at the beginning 
of the tenth volume and continued them througli the eleventh 
with a marked success. She was the first editor to use an illus- 
trated cover, the admirable and significant design being the 
work of one of Zeta's members, Lavina Perin-Gray. Beside 
informal rushing parties, the last year recorded in October a 
dance, at the Allamont Hotel, a "bal poudre," in December, and 
a dance June the fifth. On Founder's Day the Alliance gave 
the banquet. 

Over thirty college elective and honorary positions were re- 
ported for the past year. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Entertained Fourth National Convention, 1900. 
Agnes Powers Dunning, Grand President. 1897-1900. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — ZETA. 135 

Julia E. Closterman, Editor of Trident, 1902-1904. 
Alma S. Fick, AAA, Inter-sorority Conference, 1903. 
Katherine Ratterman, Alliance Officer, 1905-19QU-1908. 

College Honors. 

Phi Beta Kappa— 

1891 — Margaret Layman. 
1892— Estelle M. Riley. 
1893 — Emile M. Esselborn. 
1894 — Lucy Lambdin. 
1894— Alma S. Fick. 
1896 — Mary Sibbey Evans. 
1898 — Julia Bentley. 
1898 — M. Katharine Ratterman. 
1899— Adele Bentley. 
1899— Sarah Albray. 
1902— Katharine Babbitt. 
1902 — Elizabeth Diserens. 
1904— Ida Estelle Davis. 
1904 — Lucy Weimar Collins. 
1905 — Sue Mackelfresh. 
1905— Helen Stein. 

4> B K Prize (best essay), Emma Cunningham, 1901. 
Jones Prize (best essay and oration), Marv Evans, 1897; Lucy Col- 
lins, 1904. 

Literary Club — 

Daisy Andrews. 

Sue Mackelfresn. 

Amy Swartz. 

Louise Bentlev (Pres.). 

Lucy Collins. 

May Seaman. 

Ida Davis. 

Kathleen Black. 

Amy Ferris. 

Blue Hydra Club — 

Elizabeth Andrews. 
Ina Walton. 
Louise Bentley. 
Etta Carstens. 

Economic Club- 
Sue Mackelfresh (Ex.-Com.) 
Le Cercle Francais — 

Louise Bentley. 

Helen Stein. 

Alma duBray. 

Ella Wilson. 

Florence French. 

Florence Goode. 

Amy Ferris. 
Glee Club — 

President — Alma duBray. 
(Many Members.) 
Weekly News — 

Always represented on staff. 

Louise Bentley, 1905-6, editor in- chief. •■ -.>«♦**--- 



136 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Y. W. C. A.— 

Iola Shafer, President. 
Social Settlement — 

Ida Davis. 

Mary Latta. 

Adele Bentley. 

Katherine Ratterman. 

CLASS HONORS. 

1895 — Secretary — Agnes Powers (Senior). 

1897 — Vice President — Florence Lawler (Junior). Executive Committee 
— Florence Lawler (Senior). 

1198 — Vice President — Nellie H. Fairweather (Freshman). Secretary — 
Lavina Perin, (Sophomore), Literary Staff of Cincinnatian — 
M. Julia Bentley (Sophomore). Staff of McMicken Review — M. 
Julia Bentley (Senior). 

1897 — Jones Oratorical Prize — Mary S. Evans (Senior). 

1899 — Secretary — Adele Bentley (Freshman). Vice President — Adele 
Bentley (Sophomore). Literary Staff of Cincinnatian*— Adele 
Bentley (Sophomore). Executive Committee — Adele Bentley (Jun- 
ior). Vice President — Lura M. Fortney (Junior). Staff of Bur- 
net Woods Echo — Adele Bentley (Junior). Vice President — Adele 
Bentley (Senior). Secretary — Ruth Butterworth (Senior). Staff 
of McMicken Review — Sarah Albray (Senior). 

1900 — Assistant Treasurer — Edna Cunningham (Junior). 

1901 — Secretary — Mildred French (Sophomore). Staff of Burnet Woods 
Echo— Ethel Thalheimer (Freshman). Vice President — Mildred 
French (Junior). Secretary — Flora Nieman (Junior). Executive 
Committee — Mary A. Tucker (Junior). 

1902 — Vice President — Grace Goodale (Freshman). Executive Commit- 
tee — Grace Goodale (Sophomore). 

1903 — Secretary — Agnes Andrews (Freshman). 

1904 — Vice President — Kathleen Black (Freshman). Secretary — Grace 
Jones (Freshman). Executive Committee — Kathleen Black (Soph- 
omore). Secretary — Lucy Collins (Sophomore). Secretary — Ida 
Davis (Junior). Literary Staff of Cincinnatian— Ida Davis (Jun- 
ior). Secretary — Lucy Collins (Senior). Executive Committee — 
Cora Box (Senior). 

1905 — Vice President — Sue Mackelfresh (Sophomore). Executive Com- 
mittee — Sue Mackelfresh (Senior). Staff of University News — 
Sue Macklefresh (Senior). 

1906 — Executive Committee — Amy Schwarz (Junior). 

1907 — Secretary — Jessie Ireland (Sophomore). Secretary — Jessie Ire- 
land ("Junior). Secretary — Louise Bentley (Senior). 

1908 — Vice President — Ella Wilson (Freshman). Secretary — Ruth Ham- 
ilton (Freshman). 

1909 — Vice President — Iola Shafer (Sophomore). 

1910 — Secretary — Ruth Sorgel (Freshman). 

These lists of Zeta honors are not reproduced as absolutely 
accurate. Many names may have been omitted as this collection 
was made recently from many sources through more than fifteen 
years of history. 




Eta Chapter House, 1894. 




Eta Rooms, 1905-1907. 





Eta Chapter Rooms, 1905-1907. 




I 

< 

a 
u 

< 
w 



chapter histories — eta. 137 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Katherine Babbit, teacher Cincinnati Technical School. 
Florence Lawler, Instructor in Mathematics, University of Cin- 
cinnati. 

Estelle M. Riley Caldwell, physician. 

Ina Walton, teacher, Gravina, Alaska. 

Many other girls on faculty of various Cincinnati Schools. 

Two librarians of Cincinnati. 

Margaret Layman, A. M. (U. of C), student in Germany. 

Emma Cunningham, 1901, * B K prize for best essay in English 

Helen Stein, D. A. R, Fellowship in History. 

Lucy Lambdin, Gold medal, Elocution, Cincinnati College of Music. 

College Data. 

The University of Cincinnati was founded by bequest in 
1858 and opened in 1873. Non-sectarian. 

1905 1906 1907 

Students 812 1146 1374 

Faculty 143 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

AAA, installed 1892 ; active members 20 18 

Locals 

V. C. P., founded 1891 ; active members 15 10 

Gamma Beta, founded 1398 ; active members 10 6 

Alpha Phi Psi, founded 1904; active members 16 12 

Tau Kappa Sigma, founded 1905 ; active members 9 10 

K K r installed 1885, withdrawn 1885. 

Eta 

Organization. 

Eta Chapter was installed in the University of Vermont, 
Burlington, Vt., Feb. 27, 1893, at the residence of Eva Jones, on 
North Avenue, by Christine Jansson, of Alpha. Beta Chapter 
was instrumental in forming Eta and conducted some corres- 
pondence with the petitioners through Florence M. Jackson. 

The original three who selected the nine charter members 
were Eva Jones, Annie L. Sherburne and Irene Lee. Kappa 
Alpha Theta, the oldest woman's national represented there 
greeted Eta Chapter with a reception. 

Charter Members. 

Irene Lee Jessie Babbit. 

Eva Jones. Mattie Spafford. 

Grace Wilcox. Florence Campbell. 

Annie Laurie Sherburne. Edith Smith. 
Pearlie Keeler. 



138 history of delta delta delta. 

Chapter Data. 

The Chapter maintains a two room hall for its meetings. 
For a time, a Chapter House was maintained but the idea was 
finally given up as many of the members were residents of the 
town. Both formal and informal parties are given. Re- 
unions are a feature. 

Besides the listed honors, seven committee positions were 

reported for the past year, two members in the College Choir, 

three in the Glee Club, three in Histrionics and four in the 

Shakespeare Play. Ninety-five honors are listed to the credit 

of Eta's history. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Entertained Alpha's Third Province Convention, Nov. 29, 1899. 
Annie Laurie Sherburne, Grand Vice President, Alpha Province, 
1897-1900. 

College Honors. 
There are fourteen honors open to women here. Of these, 
Eta, it appears, has won a good percentage. 

Phi Beta Kappa (6) — 

1891 — Hattie K. Andrews. 

1894— Irene Lee. " 

1898— Carrie Deavitt. 

1898 — Abbie Leonard. 

1898 — Annie L. Sherburne. 

1901— Madge McElrov. 

1902— Bertha Field. 

1906— Gertrude Whittimore. 
Greek (5) — 

1893 — Annie L. Sherburne. 

1898— Elizabeth Johnson. 

1902 — Elizabeth Johnson. 

1904 — Helen Douglass. 

1905 — Mary Joslyn. 

Mathematics (2) 

1893— Mary Douglass. 

1896— Carrie Nye. 
Zoology (1)— 

1891— Hattie K. Andrews. 
Biology ( 1 ) 

1891— Hattie K. Andrews. 
Italian (1) — 

1895— Adelle Lee. 
German (1) — 

1893— Irene Lee. 
French (3) — 

1S93— Annie L. Sherburne. 

1895— Mattie Spafford. 

1896— Adelle Lee. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES— ETA. 139 



English (2) — 

1894— Mattie Spafford. 
1899 — Emily Lucia. 

Bissell Prise (1) — 

1900 — Madge McElroy. 
Latin Entrance (l) — 

Mary Joslyn. 
General High Standing (3) — 

1891 — Hattie K. Andrews. 

1898 — Annie L. Sherburne. 

1898 — Abbie Leonard. 

Double Honors Graduation (l) — 

1891 — Hattie K. Andrews. 
Commencement Speakers (3) — 

1900 — Mary Harrison. 

1902— Bertha Field. 

1900 — Gertrude Whittimore. 

Editorial (7) — 

Ariel, 1895 — Mattie Spafford. 
Cynic, 1900 — Mary Harrison. 
Cynic, 1900 — Madge McElroy. 
Ariel, 1901 — Elizabeth Johnson. 
Cynic, 1902 — Florence Douglass. 
Ariel, 1904 — (Artist) Evelyn Enright. 
Ariel, 1905 — (Artist) Mary Joslyn. 

Y. W. C. A. (4)— 

1898, President — Annie L. Sherburne. 

1898, Vice President — Carrie Deavitt. 

1899, Vice President — Mary Paddock. 
1904, Vice President — Delia Harding. 

Glee Club (14)— 
1895— Adelle Lee. 
1895-6— Mattie Spafford. 
1396-7— Carrie Deavitt. 
1896-8-9— Mary Paddock. 
1896— Marion Forbes. 
1896 — Abbie Leonard. 
1899 — Martha Needham. 
1898-9— Bertha Field. 
1898-9 — Florence Douglass. 
1901-2-3-4 — Delia Harding. 
1901-2-3-4— Frances Little. 
1904 — Helen Douglass. 
1905 — Delia Dunsmoor. 
1905 — Helen Fisher. 

Prize Reading (21) 

1896-7— Mary Paddock (2). 
1896-7— Emily Lucia (1). 
1896 — Abbie Leonard. 
1896-7 — Mary Harrison. 
1898— Molly Butler. 
1898-9 — Florence Douglass. 
1899 — Jessie Woodworth. 
1899— Anna Shephard (3). 
1899— Helen Clark (3). 



140 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA HELTA. 

1900— Elizabeth Johnson. 
1900— Bertha Field (2). 
1900— Helen Clark (1). 
1902— Delia Harding (1). 
1902-3— Ethel Chapman. 
1903 — Delia Dunsmoor. 
1904— Gertrude Whittimore (2) 
1904— Maud Mills. 
1904 — Mary Joslvn. 
1904 — Carrie Campbell. 
1905 — Helen Douglass. 
1905— Charlotte Baird. 
1905— Blanche Kennedy. 
1905 — Alice Hyzer. 

Class Honors (20) — • 
Vice Presidents (10) : 

1893 — Annie L. Sherburne. 
1896— Martha Needham. 
1897— Carrie Deavitt. 
1899— Mary Paddock. 
1900— Madge McElroy. 
1901— Bertha Field. 
1902— Frances Little. 
1902— Edith Johnson. 
1904— Maud Mills. 
1904— Delia Harding. 
1905 — Gertrude Whittimore. 
1905 — Carrie Campbell. 

Book Committee : 

1898 — Helen Hendee. 
Essayist (3) : 

1898 — Abbie Leonard. 

1899— Mary Paddock. 

1905 — Ethel Chapman. 
Speaker : 

1904 — Delia Harding. 
Ode: 

1902 — Florence Douglass. 

1905 — Delia Dunsmoor. 
Prom. Committee (6) : 

1898 — Emily Lucia (Junior). 

1899 — Emily Lucia (Senior). 

1902 — Frances Little (Sophomore). 

1903 — Ethel Chapman (Sophomore.) 

1905 — Delia Dunsmoor (Junior). 

1907— Alice Fox (Junior). 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Abbie Katherine Leonard, A. M. (U. of V.), 1904. Post Graduate 
Specialist University of Chicago. 

Irene Lee ver Mehr, 6 years. Teacher of English, Magasaki, Japan. 

Gertrude Perry, Teacher, Penetecostal Mission, Bulbano, Beror, 
India. 

Delia Lee, student abroad. 

Ethel Chapman, Preceptress, Lyndon Institute, Vt. 

Phebe Towle, Botanical Research Work. 



^ 



T) 






Theta Chapter Rooms. 



chapter histories — theta. 141 

College Data. 

The University of Vermont was founded in 1791, by the 
State. It numbers : 

1905 1906 

Men students 468 475 

Women 67 125 

Faculty 80 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

K A e, installed 1882; active members 13 13 

II B #, installed 1898 ; active members 13 12 

AAA, installed 1893 ; active members 15 10 

Theta 

Organization. 

Theta Chapter was installed at the University of Minne- 
sota, Minneapolis, Minn., Feb. 21, 1894, by Almedia Laurson, 
(Grand President) of Epsilon. 

A group of girls as early as 1890 had made application for 
a charter of Delta Delta Delta, but failing to satisfactorily group 
the requisite number, they had become discouraged and finally 
obtained a charter in another national sorority. In 1892, Louise 
Robinson began correspondence with Sarah Ida Shaw, relative 
to another petition, and at last the charter was granted to the 
following! 

Charter Members. 

Florence Louise Robinson. Caroline Edgar. 

Lucy Blanchard. Mary Isabelle Davidson. 

Lydia May Plummer. Mary Chadbourne Smith. 

Elizabeth Luce. Lillian Siegler. 

Alice Houlton. 

Chapter Data. 

A chapter room has always been maintained, where weekly 
meetings are held. Social meetings are held once a month at 
the homes of the town girls. Some three or four large dancing 
parties are given during the year. On Chapter Day here the 
Alumnae give the banquet. There is a Christmas celebration 
and the spring brings either a steamer trip down the Mississippi 
or lake excursions. Although this Chapter was preceded in the 
field by four strong nationals, it at once took good standing and 
has always been strong locally, as well as a Chapter assuming 
willingly the responsibilities of the general sorority work. 



142 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

The Third National Convention was really the first succes- 
ful and representative one, the one that marked a success at- 
tained, and this Convention was held with Theta Chapter and 
with a Theta Chapter girl, Dr. Caroline Edgar Erdman, in the 
chair as Grand President. 

As the majority of the members are either Minneapolis or 
St. Paul girls, no need of a Chapter House has been felt, but a 
suite of four rooms has been rented for the present year and pro- 
visions for a permanent fund made both by under-graduate work 
and by alumnae pledges of $25.00 per capita. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Entertained Third National Convention, Aug. 24-26, 1897. 

Caroline Edgar Erdman, Grand President, 1S94-1897. 

Lela M. Klampe, Grand Historian, 1900-1902. 

Louise Robinson Rhodes, Grand Vice President Gamma Province. 
1902-1904. 

Louise Robinson Rhodes, Grand Vice President Gamma Province. 
1906-1908. 



College Honors. 



Phi Beta Kappa— 

1896 — Mary Smith. 
1896— Lydia M. Plummer. 
1897— Kate McDermid. 
1199— Kate Bennett. 
1899— Effie Jacobsen. 
1903— Alice Dyar. 
1903— Ruth Babcock. 

Sigma Xi — 

1897— Claribel Angle. 
1897— Kate McDermid. 
1901— Edith Patch. 
1902— Edith Thomas. 
1906 — Fay Newton.- 

Honors in Latin — 
Elizabeth Luce. 
L. May Plummer. 
Belle Davidson. 

Honors in German — 

May Plummer. 
Honors in Mathematics — 

Kate McDermid. 
Honors in French — 

Belle Davidson. 
Woman's Council — ■ 

1905— Isabella Stene. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES IOTA. 143 

Editorial — 

Staff of "Gopher" : 

Alice Olds, 1900. 

Ruth Babcock, 1902. 

Eleanor Von Bodenstedt, 1903. 
Artist of "Gopher" : 

Ethel Palmer, 1906. 
Y. W. C. A.— 

President, Cara Adams, 1900. 

Vice President, Edna Gould, 1905. 

Presidency and Vice Presidency, 1906. 
University Dramatics Club — 

1906— Ethel Palmer. 
Class Play : 

Janet Priest, author, 1900. 

Alice Dyar, author, 1902. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Edith Thomas, Post Graduate, U. of Minn., Assistant Chem. Labora- 
tory, 1902-3. 

Caroline Edgar Erdman, D. D. S*. 

Louise Robinson Rhodes, Journalist. 

Janet Priest, Dramatic Reporter, after graduation ; actress, 1904-6. 

Edith Patch, Government Entomologist, Maine Experimental Sta- 
tion, 1903. 

Louise Robinson Rhodes, Kate Bennett and Greta Smith, active in 
Unity House Social Settlement Work. 

College Data. 

The University of Minnesota was founded in 1868, by the 
State. It numbers : 

1905 1906 

Men students 2550 2744 

Women 1250 1200 

Faculty 310 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

K K r, installed 1880; active members 15 15 

A T, installed 1882 ; active members 26 24 

A <t>, installed 1890 ; active members 19 24 

K A 9, installed 1890 ; active members 12 16 

AAA, installed 1894 ; active members 15 14 

r * B, installed 1902 ; active membe-s 2'J 21 

II B $, installed 1890; withdrawn 1898. 
IT B *, re-established 1906. 

Iota 

Organization. 

Iota Chapter was installed in the University of Michigan, 
Ann Arbor, Mich., on Nov. 1st, 1894, at the home of Effie Lvnch 



144 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Danforth, by Bessie Leach Priddy (Grand Vice President) and 
Eva M. Rorick, both of Gamma Chapter. 

This Chapter was organized in the earlier days of the fra- 
ternity when the Grand Council alone voted upon the petition- 
ing body and when investigations into local conditions were not 
made in person. The splendid recommendations of the appli- 
cants and the size of the student body promised well. 

Charter Members. 

D. Zena Thomson. Almarene Orsborne. 

Leonore Loxley. Effie Lynch Danforth 

Harriet Brown. Josephine R. Powell. 

Nellie M. Walters. Gertrude M. Brown. 
Nell Kempf. 

Four others were initiated at that time : Ruth Wales Butterworth, 
Blanche Young, Lucile Shelley, Harriette Averill. 

Chapter Data. 

This chapter up to July, 1900, had initiated thirty-two mem- 
bers and pledged two. It graduated twenty-two members. All 
the then existing women's fraternities were represented at Ann 
Arbor, and Iota Chapter found the rivalry so bitter that they be- 
lieved the situation made their members unhappy and gave no 
benefit to the general fraternity. They decided to discontinue 
their efforts and sending two delegates to the Fourth National 
Convention, they loyally revealed the whole situation and vol- 
untarily surrendered their charter. They were unanimously re- 
leased and their delegates present given the Circle Degree with 
power to create an Iota Aliance at their discretion. 

Iota maintained a Chapter House during nearly her whole 
history. Some of the girls were prominent in the work of the 
Woman's League, in College Dramatics, and many of them re- 
ceived advanced or professional degrees!, after their regular 
college course. Many of them have also been located in positions 
of honor and responsibility since their graduation. 

Effie Lynch Danfurth was a teacher of Classics in a private 
School for Girls in New York City in 1902-'06, also a student 
of Archaeology in Rome, 1903. Blanche Boyle received the de- 
gree of M'. D. at Ann Arbor, in 1904, having spent four years 
for a literary course and two in medical ; after the Tri Delta 
Chapter House was closed, she was a member of the woman's 
medical fraternity. The Misses Reichman won distinction as 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — IOTA. 145 

scholars and one of them represented the Woman's League on 
the Michigan State Federation of Woman's Clubs' program, 
while the other took Post Graduate work at the University of 
Chicago. Mary Field is assistant Matron in Maxwell Station 
social settlement work in Chicago. Ruth Butterworth affiliated 
with Zeta. 

The following was passed by the Cincinnati Convention and 
appeared in Trident, Vol. IX, No. 4: 

"The Delta Delta Delta Fraternity in convention assembled 
at Cincinnati, O., this twenty-ninth day of June, 1900, desires to 
make the following statement concerning her Iota Chapter at 
Ann Arbor, Mich: 

Owing to the rumors and the criticisms made against Iota 
Chapter of A A A in the student body at Ann Arbor, Iota 
Chapter has for same time contemplated the advisability of 
voluntarily surrendering her charter. 

This matter had been thoroughly investigated by members 
of the Grand Council of A A A and came before this Convention 
for consideration. The present Chapter was perfectly vindi- 
cated. Yet, under the present conditions, it was deemed advis- 
able to allow the Chapter to voluntarily surrender its charter, the 
Convention expressing its entire confidence in the petitioning 
body. 

Agnes Powers Dunning, 

Grand President. 
Harriet E. Stone, 

Grand Secretary. 
Elizabeth Gibbs Palmer, 
Grand Vice President of Beta Province. 

Petition presented by Blanche Christine Boyle, Iota. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Entertained First Beta Convention, 1895. 

Effie Danforth, Grand Vice President, Beta Province, 1902-1904. 

College Data. 

The University of Michigan was founded in 1837, and open- 
ed 1841. Has more than 4,000 students, and it has the greatest 
number of national fraternities and sorority chapters of any 
school in the United States, thirty-seven being located there. 



146 history of delta delta delta. 

Sororities, 
i • 

K A 0, established 1879. 

r <J> B, established 1882. 

AT, established 1885. 

n B # established 1888. 

K K r established 1892. 

A $ established 1894; withdrawn 1900 re-established — 

AAA, established 1898 ; withdrawn 1900. 

A X n established 1898. 

X fi established 1906. 

Kappa 

Organization. 

Kappa Chapter was installed in the University of Nebras- 
ka, Lincoln, Neb., at Ashland, Neb., in the home of Dr. Von 
Mansfelde, by Lora Allen, of Delta, on Nov. 28, 1894. Upsilon 
Chapter was instrumental in its formation and the Chapter of 
Delta Gamma there gave friendly aid, some of its members hav- 
ing Tri Delta friends in Galesburg. 

An unusual circumstance occurred here, as two groups of 
girls were petitioners at the same time for a charter in Tri 
Delta. But when the group headed by Miss Frankish and 
Anita Muir, although later petitioners, received the affirmative 
vote, their disappointed rivals offered friendly congratulations. 

On Nov. 29, a reception introduced Kappa Chapter to the 
University life. 

Charter Members. 

Ellen Huntington Frankish. E. Anita Muir. 

Duty Von Mansfelde. Sarah Vore Taylor. 

Jo Von Mansfelde. Anna L. T. Vore. 

Clara Louise Bryant. Helen Riley. 

Mrs. Dorothy Bacon. Belle Von Mansfelde. 

Initiated on the same evening: 

Veda May Wilson. Ada Du Bois. 

Chapter Data. 

Kappa Chapter has supported a Chapter House for seven 
years, excepting the year 1905-'06. This was due to poor 
accommodations in available houses, rather than to any inability 
on the part of the sorority. At present a beautiful home is 
maintained in the heart of the city, one block irom the State 
Capitol and next door to the Governor's Mansion. The Man- 
sion might almost be called Kappa's second home, as its mis- 



CHAPTER HISTORIES KAPPA. . 147 

tress is an honorary member of Tri Delta and hospitably re- 
ceives all the girls. During this year eleven girls occupy the 
Lincoln Tri Delta House, a much larger number than is found 
in any other sorority house in the city. 

Kappa furnished her present home in a uniform style, with 
gifts from active and alumnae members and several of the fra- 
ternities, the weathered oak idea is very well carried out. She 
prides herself on having not a "rooming place" but a complete 
home in every sense of the word, and that idea prevails thro' 
out the school in connection with the Tri Deltas' Lincoln quar- 
ters. Mrs. Dr. Holyoke, a well known singer and a lady of 
great prestige in local circles, owns the house and resides with 
the girls. The Chapter is making plans for a still better home for 
next year, and hope before many years to own a home. 

The annual Thanksgiving banquet combines the celebra- 
tion of Founder's Day and Chapter Day, and is made the elab- 
orate event of the year. Upwards of seventy-five to a hundred 
Kappa girls assemble at that time. 

During the second semester, Kappa gives her large formal 
annual dance, to which she invites members of outside soror- 
ities. In the spring the ever enjoyable "Tri Delta Picnic" takes 
place, and a series of receptions is given the Faculty. 

Kappa Chapter made one of the best scholarship records 
found among Lincoln sororities at the mid-semester report, and 
has initiated eight very strong freshmen this year, beside sev- 
eral good upper classmen. Mayme Hartley, a new initiate, re- 
ceived a state commission to visit and report on social condi- 
tions in the Philippine Islands, Gov. Poynter receiving her re- 
port with sincere praise. 

Kappa Chapter is now president of the local Pan-Hellenic 
Association. 1905-'06 report recorded the following positions: 

President University Girls Club, Second Asst. German De- 
partment ; and members on Annual Board, Y. W. C. A. Cabinet, 
Senior and Junior Societies, Freshman and Sophomore Basket 
Ball Teams, German, Latin and English clubs. 

Kappa will entertain the Eighth National Convention in the 
summer of 1908. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Ellen Huntington Frankish, Grand Marshal, 1^97-1900. 
Anna Taylor Vore, Grand Marshal, 1900-1902. 



148 history of delta delta delta. 

College Honors. 

Phi Beta Kappa. (Only given for proficiency in Classics) — 
1896— Sara Taylor Vore. 
1900— Anna S. T. Vore. 
1905 — Katherine Lumry. 
1905 — Alma Vandeveer. 

1897 Scholarship and Fellowship — 

1897— Ellen H. Frankish. 

1905 — Katherine Lumry (German and Psychology). 

1905 — Alma Vandeveer. 
Fellowship — 

1897— Nellie Dean. 

1899— Daisy Bonnell. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Ellen Frankish, Nellie Dean, teachers in the Academy. 

Katherine Lumry, 1905, Fellowship in German. 

Alma Vandeveer, 1905, Alumni Secretary. 

Lavinia Steele, State Librarian, Des Moines, Iowa, won a Carnegie 
Medal for Personal Bravery. (Miss Steele received this medal for brav- 
ery shown in rescuing a young man, a student of the University of Iowa, 
who had broken through the ice and was drowning ; she being a member 
of the skating party at the time — 1905. Thus far she is the only woman 
who has received a Carnegie medal for heroism.) 

College Data. 

The University of Nebraska was founded in 1869. It is a 
State institution. It numbers in average, men students 1440 ; 
women 1120; faculty 200. 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

K K r, installed 1884; active members 19 17 

A T, installed 1888 ; active members 17 16 

K A 6, installed 1886; active members 19 22 

AAA, installed 1894; active members 20 25 

II B <t>, installed 1895 ; active members 23 21 

X ft, installed 1903 ; active members 17 16 

A O IT, installed 1903 ; active members 18 16 

A <!>, installed 1906 ; active members 14 

Lambda 

Organization. 

Lambda Chapter was installed at Baker University, Bald- 
win, Kansas, Mar. 12, 1895, by Hattie Berry Morley, of Delta, 
with whom a great deal of the correspondence preliminary to 
petitioning for a charter had been conducted. 

In the spring of 1890, a local sorority had been established 
at Baker named the Zeta Iota Chi, with the ultimate object in 



- 



5 



1 




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Br 




ar-f 

■■■Mf 1 





Kappa Chapter House. 




Parlor, Lambda Chapter House. 




Hall, Lambda Chapter House. 



r 
> 



n 



o 





t/J o 



CHAPTER HISTORIES LAMBDA. 149 

view of obtaining a charter from a national. Tri Delta was the 
sorority chosen for first application and of the eight charter 
members of Zeta Iota Chi, five later became members of Tri 
Delta. The Petition was sent to Delta Delta Delta in Decem- 
ber, 1894, and Dr. Caroline Edgar Erdman announced the af- 
firmative vote on Mar. 1, 1895. On Tuesday night, Mar. 12, 
twenty-one Zetas became Tri Deltas and on Mar. 13, at the home 
of Mrs. Cutter, Lambda made its first formal appearance, giv- 
ing a reception to the other societies and the faculty. 

Charter Members. 

Mary Murray Hair. Georgiana Reed. 

Mary Ives. Dora Markham. 

Grace Breyfogle. Josephine Hilty. 

Ethel Cavaness. Mary Follin. 



Edna Wolfe. 



Honorary Members. 



Mrs. C. G. Markham. Mrs. Wood. 

Mrs. Garrett. 

Chapter Data. 

A Chapter house has' been successfully maintained for sev- 
eral years. The parlor was furnished by the Alumnae, the re- 
mainder by the Chapter. Their renting days they hope will soon 
be over, as a new house has been built for them at a cost of $10,- 
000.00, to be occupied in 1906-7 and which ulrfmately will be 
their own. 

' Meetings are held each Fridey night. A large formal 
party is given each term and a Tri Delta breakfast during Com- 
mencement Week. Last spring vacation brought a "House 
Party" for the Chapter, given by Anna Hoch at her home, "The 
Governor's Mansion," Topeka. 

The banner for Lambda Chapter designed and executed by 
Georgiana Reed, aroused much attention at the Third National 
Convention (1897) and is perhaps the oldest elaborate one in the 
sorority. It is painted in water colors on white satin and 
swings from a golden rod by the tri-colored cord. The design 
is the figure of Poseidon in a golden chariot, driving three 
horses through the waves. In his right hand is the Trident, above 
his head the Crescent, while there is a Star on the fore-head of 
each horse. At the top of the banner, are emblazoned three 
golden Deltas, while in the three triangular portions of the 
lower part are the pine and the pansies. 



150 History of delta delta delta. 

Lambda Chapter had something of an interest in national 
affairs last year, when their Anna Hoch was invited, as daugh- 
ter of the Governor, E. W. Hoch, to stand as Sponsor at the 
christening of the Battleship Kansas. The christening took 
place Aug. 12, 1905, at Camden, N. J. Another Lambda 
girl, Ora Allen, made the trip as part of the official party, to 
act as Maid of Honor. The christening was effected with a 
smooth and beautiful ceremony and Psi Chapter girls of Phila- 
delphi having been invited for the occasion were there to witness 
and to greet. The ceremony was also somewhat unique, as the 
Kansas was the first battleship in the world to be christened 
with water alone. The sponsor was presented with a bracelet 
of dull gold ornamented with raised water lilies, encrusted with 
emeralds and bearing on the inner side an appropriate inscrip- 
tion. 

Lambda reported the following positions for 1905-6 : 
Assistants in Vocal and English Departments, Pianist for 
Oratorio, "Creation," Society Commencement Orator, Vice- 
President B. U. O. A., President and Cabinet Member Y. W. 
C. A., and members on B. U. L. A. and Annual Board. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Entertained Third Gamma Province Convention, 1899. 
Dora Clementine Markham, Grand Vice President, Gamma Province. 
1897-1900. 

Edna Wharton Hoch, Grand Marshal, 1904-1906. 
Edna Wharton Hoch, Grand Marshal, 1906-19CC. 

College Honors. 

Literary Society Commencement Orators — 

Dora Markham. 

Ethel Cavaness. 

Lydia Sain. 
Honors in Mathematics — 

Zola Swan. 

Lillian Hunsicker. 

Harriet Kemp. 
Inter-Society Oratorical Contest — 

1903— Ethelyn Thorn (first place.) 
Faculty Prize Contest — 

1903 — Edna Wharton (second place.) 
Senior Class Play — 

1904 — Blanche Imboden. 
Celia Allen. 
Literary Society Commencement Program — 

1905— Ora Allen, orator. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — SIGMA. 151 

Literary Society Presidents — 
1902— Edna Wharton. 
1904— Celia Allen. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Mary A. Follin, Nurses Training School, Topeka. 
Josephine Hilty Kimmel, Professor of Music. 
Harriet Kemp, Professor Latin and German. 
Ida McDaniel, Professor English and History. 
Mrs. Nelson Case, Instructor in Art. 
Georgiana Reed, Dean of Art, Baker. 

Beulah Wright, Dean of Oratory, University, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Anna Hoch, sponsor for the Battleship "Kansas." 
Edna Wharton Hoch, Journalism. 

Lillian Hunsicker, Private Secretary to E. Randall, General Secre- 
tary of Epworth League. 

College Data. 

Baker University was founded 1858, and is Methodist Epis- 
copal. It is the oldest college in Kansas. It numbers : 

1905 1906 

Men students 500 505 

Women 400 495 

Faculty 27 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

N A, (Local) founded 1888; active members 25 26 

AAA, installed 1895; active members 21 22 ' 

Sigma 

Organization. 

Sigma Chapter was installed at Wesleyan University, Mid- 
dletown, Conn., Mar. 15, 1895, by Sarah Ida Shaw, (G. C. E.), 
Emily F. Allen (Editor Trident), Grace L. Bond and S. Eliza- 
beth Jones, all- of Alpha. 

As early as 1891, the petitioning of Tri Delta for a charter 
was agitated at Wesleyan, when Maud Muzzy, one of the first 
year initiates of Alpha, was a student there and Sarah Ida Shaw 
was a teacher at Meriden, eight miles away. No plans ma- 
terialized, however, until thirteen girls in A. K. U.; an open so- 
ciety in the University, began under the leadership of Mary 
McKay to think and plan for a national sorority chapter. When 
it came to a question o'f which sorority it should be, one of their 
number, Anna J. Kellogg was urgent for an application to be 
made first to Tri Delta, she having become interested in Tri 



152 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Delta while a pupil of Miss Shaw's at Meriden. Finally a 
delegate, Grace Bunnell, was sent to Alpha Chapter and upon 
her return the petition was immediately drawn up and formally 
presented. 

On March 19, the local sororities then existing there, Phi 
Sigma and A. K. U. tendered to Sigma Chapter of A A A the 
first national sorority there, a reception in recognition of their 
advent. 

Charter Members. 

Elizabeth C. Stocking. Isabella Jameson Church. 

Frances Louise Weeks. Mary Annie McKay. 

Annie Josephine Kellogg. Lucy Osborne Searle. 

Elizabeth Halsey Rogers. Carrie Tappan Brown. 

Mary Abbie Adams. Olivia Howell Hatfield. 

Mary Grace Bunnell. Elizabeth Cookman Stevens. 
Sarah Bertha Tucker. 

Chapter Data. 

A Chapter room is maintained where meetings are held every 
Friday evening. The celebration of initiation, Founders' Day 
and Chapter Day are here the only formal social events but many 
informal affairs are given at the homes of resident members and 
alumnae. Sigma girls have always been active in class, literary 
societies, college publications and Y. W. C. A., and have en- 
joyed their quota of honors. They have been girls above the 
average in scholarship and the Chapter percentage of graduation 
is high. 

In 1905 and 1906, Sigma held the presidency of '06, four 
speakers on class day, and every important Y. W. C. A. office. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Mary McKay, Grand Treasurer, 1897-1900. 

Sarah Tucker Kurt, Grand Vice President, Alpha Province, 1900- 

1902. 

Lucy Osborne Searle, Grand Treasurer, 1902-1904. 

College Honors. 

Phi Beta Kappa and High Honors — 

1902 — Elizabeth Parkhurst Peck. 
Phi Beta Kappa and Second Honors — 

1896 — Mary Annie McKay. 

1896 — Lucy Osborne Searle. 

1897 — Mary Abbie Adams. 

1897 — Carrie Tappan Brown. 

1897 — Cornelia Augusta Meeks 

1899 — Charlotte Benson Frost 

1902 — Eldora Josephine Birch. 

1902 — Alice Winifred English. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — SIGMA. 153 

1902 — Margaret Griswold. 

1903— Marv Elizabeth Bagg. 

1905— Ruth Dean. 

1905 — Clara Frances Sykes. 

1906 — Margaret Elizabeth Donahoe. 

1906— Faye Mildred Keene. 

Second Honors: 

lf>97 — Mary Grace Bonnell. 

1897 — Elizabeth Caramossie Wright. 

Rice Prise in Mathemetics: 

1900 — Alice Winifred English. 
Preliminary Classics: 

1905 — Margaret Donahoe. 
Preliminary Mathematics: 

1900 — Alice Winifred English. 

1905— Ruth Dean. 

Special Honors: 
Chemistry — ■ 

1895— Bertha Tucker. 
Biology — 

1895— Bertha Tucker. 
Romance Languages : 

1896 — Annie Josephine Kellogg. 

1897 — Mary Abbie Adams. 

1897 — Carrie Tappan Brown. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Mary A. Adams, Teacher French and German, Beaver College, 
Beaver, Pa. 

Ernestine Rose, Librarian Wesleyan University. 

Lucy O. Searle, Preceptress, Kimball Union Academy, Meriden, 
N. H. 

Charlotte Manning, Government Experimenter, Wesleyan. 

Eleanor Newell, Elizabeth H. Rogers, Ethel G. Reynolds, '05, Stu- 
dents abroad. 

College Data. 

Wesleyan University was founded 1831 and is Methodist 
Episcopal. It numbers : 

1905 1906 

Men students 275 303 

Women ' 30 31 

Faculty 33 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

AAA, installed 1895 ; active members 10 11 

Z E, (local) founded 1895 ; active members 5 8 

(Became r chapter of A T A in 1906.) 



154 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Upsilon 

Organization. 

Upsilon Chapter was installed at Northwestern University, 
Evanston, 111., June 1st, 1895, by Eleanor Milchrist, Epsilon, and 
Hattie (Berry) Morely, of Delta. The girls began working for 
their petition early in the year, their aim from the first being Tri 
Delta. They did not receive their charter until late in the year 
as one of the eastern Chapters was dubious about granting a 
charter so far west. Initiation was hurried through on June 1 
before the girls separated for the summer. The next fall but five 
returned and then the struggle began. With six strong sororities 
already in the field the new one had to fight for its existence. But 
at the end of the year the Chapter numbered 15. It was put on 
a firm basis and has flourished ever since. 

Charter Members. 

Lottie Watson. May Hadley. 

Frances Watson. Eleanor Johnston. 

Grace Clongh. Adelaide Watrous. 

Elsie Chandler. Cora Ellis. 

Jessie Paddock. 

Honorary Members. 

Mrs. Ellen Eastman Lacy. Mrs. Louise Von Grotenhuis. 

Chapter Data. 

The sororities at Northwestern University have their fra- 
ternity rooms on the fourth floor of one of the women's dor- 
mitories. Here they hold meetings every week, feeling very 
secure in their little "sky-parlor." The time of the meeting is 
from five to seven, social and business sessions are combined, a 
supper being served by a committee of three each time. 

In former years, the sororities were not compelled to pay 
room rent, but this year there is some talk of charging from 
$25.00 to $50.00 per year for a room, according to the size of the 
room. 

Upsilon Chapter owns its furnishings and tries each year to 
add something in the way of china, silver, pictures, or anything 
that the Chapter is especially in need of. A piano is the next 
thing in view. 

The important social functions for each year are Informal 
Dance for Initiates, Initiation Banquet, Formal Dance for other 
Sororities, Christmas Party, and Alumnae Luncheon. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — UPSILON. 155 

One of the peculiar local customs is on certain days of field 
sports to have a "Sorority Dash/' where each sorority has its 
colors worn by a runner. The silver, gold and blue has been 
first at the goal its share of times in this mock trial of strength, 
just as it has also achieved distinction in its real trials. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Entertained fourth Beta Province Convention, December, 1905. 
Annie L. Dyar, Grand Marshal, 1902-1904. 
Amy Olgen, Grand Secretary, 1904-1906. 

Amy Olgen, AAA Delegate Third, Fourth and Fifth Inter-Soror- 
ity Conferences, 1904-5-6. 

Amy (Olgen) Parmelee, Grand President, 1906-1908. 

Myra Powers, Grand Vice President of Beta Province, 1906-1908. 

College Honors. 
Phi Beta Kappa— 

1896— Grace Clough. 

1898— Eva Barker. 

1898 — Terresa Metcalf. 

1900 — Anne Metcalf. 

1901 — Mary Ferris. 

1901— Anne Dyar. 

1902— Isabel Low. 

1904— Amy H. Olgen. 
Syllabus Board (College Annual) — 

1896— Cora Ellis. 

1897 — Isabel Bowen. 

1898— Eva Barker. 

1898— Terresa Metcalf. 

1900 — Anne Metcalf. 

1901— Mary Ferris. 

1902 — Rogerta Dickenson. 

1903— Daisy Thomas. 

1904— Edna Wilcox. 

1904 — Amy Olgen. 

1906— Lila Snell. 

1907— Ruth Minium. 

1907— Rena Handv. 

1908— Zeta Massev. 

1909— Isabella Sanders. 
German Play — 

1901-1902— Helen M. Handy. 
Junior Play — 

1S97— Terresa Metcalf. 

1899— Bessie Baker. 

1902— Daisy Thomas. 

1905 — Myra Powers. 
Declamation Contest — 

1897— Cora Ellis. 

1897— Terresa Metcalf. 
Editorial — 
Northwestern College Paper : 

1904— Leola Allard. Woman Editor. 



156 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Northwestern College Paper, Woman's Edition : 
1902 — Amy Olgen, Business Manager. 
1903 — Daisy Thomas, News Editor. 
1904— Leola Allard, Editor-in-Chief. 
1904 — Amy Olgen, Literary Editor. 
1906 — Grace Harris, Assistant Editor. 
1906 — Amy Olgen, Alumnae Editor. 

The Northwestern Magazine: 
1904 — Amy Olgen, Associate Editor. 
1904 — Leola Allard, Literary Board. 
1906-7 — Grace Harris, Literary Board. 

Class Day Officers — 

Class President — Amy Olgen (Junior Year). 

Class Vice President — Grace Jamieson, 1905. 

Class Vice President — Rena Handy, 1906-7. 

1898— Terresa Metcalf, Prophet. 

1898— Eva Barker, Bard. 

1903 — Daisy Thomas, Ivy Orator. 

1903 — Rogerta Dickenson, Bard. 

1904 — Amy Olgen, Prophet. 

1906 — Grace Harris, Prophet. 

Athletic — 

1901 — Hope Maine, Captain Basket Ball Team. 

1905-6— Lottie Wilcox, Captain Basket Ball Team, class of 1909. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Cora Ellis, A. B., '97, post graduate work in German, is. U., Ev- 
anston, 111. 

Grace Hickox, Oratory, '03, very successful as a dramatic reader, 
private teacher, dramatic coach, Ravenswood, 111. 

Helen Lawrence, '06, American Conservatory of Music, Chicago. 

Amy Olgen, '04, Y. W. C. A. Secretary, 1904-6, Northwestern Uni- 
versity. 

Grace Harris, 1906-7, Preceptress of Chapin Hall Dormitory, work 
for Master's Degree. 

Anne Dyar, Teachers' College, Columbia. Received her Master's 
Degree. 

Eva Barker, M. A., 1898, Northwestern University. 

Mabel Postlewaite, B. O., 1906, School of Expression, Chicago Mus- 
ical College. 

Linda M. Clatworthy, Librarian of Dayton Public Library; member 
of American Library Association and Ohio Library Association ; contrib- 
utor to "Library Journal" and public libraries. 

Helen M. Handy, 1901-2, post graduate work in German, North- 
western University. 

Mary Ferris, Asst. Cashier Citizens' Bank, Princeton, 111. 

College Data. 

Northwestern University was founded in 1851. It is Metho- 
dist Episcopal. In the Liberal Arts Department, it numbers, 
1905. 

Men students 457 

Women students 394 

Faculty 60 



CHAPTER HISTORIES NU. 157 

In all departments, 1906 : 

Students 3870 

Faculty 263 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

A % installed 1681; active members 17 20 

A r, installed 1882; active members 17 18 

K K r, installed 1882; active members 14 15 

K A 0, installed 1887; active members 11 16 

T * B, installed 1888; active members 18 18 

n B *, installed 1894; active members 12 16 

AAA, installed 1895 ; active members 19 18 

X ft, installed 1901; active members 12 9 

Z * H (oratory), installed 1893; active members 13 12 

A X ft (music), installed 1890; active members 12 18 

2 A I (music), installed 1904; active members 12 9 

Nu 

Organization. 

Nu Chapter was installed at the Ohio State University, Col- 
umbus, Ohio, Mar. 31, 1896, at the residence of Fannie Rock- 
well, by Bessie Leach Priddy, of Gamma, assisted by Harriet 
Averill, of Iota, and Mrs. Baldwin, Lavina R. Perrin, Florence 
Lawler, Bessie dollar, Julia Bentley and Julia E. Closterman, 
of Zeta, and Ruth Butterworth of Iota and Zeta. Sarah Ida 
Shaw Martin was influential in the formation of this Chapter. A 
reception to various university people followed the initiation at 
the residence of Prof. Kellerman. It was appropriate that 
Gamma and Zeta should aid in this installation, as two of Nu's 
charter members had received inspiration from these Chapters. 

Charter Members. 

Ivy Kellerman. Edna Armstrong. 

Helen Mills. Gertrude Nichol. 

Olive Shurtz. Florence James. 

Fanny Rockwell. Bessie Long. 
Alice Lentz. 

Chapter Data. 

Meetings have been held at the homes on each Saturday 
night, a goodly number of the girls being residents of the city. 
During the past year, however, a chapter room has been rented. 

The initiation banquet is made an Alumnae reunion affair, 
the mid-winter term sees a formal reception and dance combined, 
and the spring a tally-ho ride, village dance and supper, or 
something largely informal. 



158 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Nu Chapter of A A A has received a larger representation 
on the Phi Beta Kappa list since its installation than any other 
sorority at the University. 

The year 1905-1906 recorded the following positions for this 
Chapter : 

Master of Programs in Literary Society. 

Society Editor, College paper. 

Business Manager and six girls in Glee Club. 

Y. W. C. A. President and four Y. W. C. A. cabinet officers. 

Literary Editor of Year Book. 

Four members in Class Play. 

One girl in Dramatic Club. 

The Historians of the first and third year class. 

1906 Class Prophecy. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Ivy Kellerman, Grand Treasurer, 1900-1902. 

Ivy Kellerman, AAA Delegate Inter- Sorority Conference, 1902. 

College Honors. 

Fellowships — 

English, O. S. U., Mima Weaver, (2 years). 

Rhetoric, O. S. U., Clara Ewalt, (2 years'). 

Chicago University, Ivy Kellerman. 
Phi Beta Kappa (Instituted 1905)— 

Edith Rees, 1901. 

Ivy Kellerman, 1898. 

Sue Garman, 1903. 

Mima Weaver, 1903. 
Class Honors — 
Poets : 

Nan Cannon, 1901. 

Mima Weaver, 1903. 

Adelia Scatterday, 1907. 
Prophets : 

Edith Hopkins, 1901. 

Cora Roberts, 1906. 
Historian : 

Vivien Watts. 
Editorial — 

Clara Ewalt, 1901. 

Ivy Kellerman, 1898, (Editor-in-chief;. 

Adelia Scatterday. 
Glee Club — 

Leader, 1904-5 and 1905-6— Cora Ruth Roberta 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Ivy Kellerman, A. M., Cornell 1899 ; Ph. D., Chicago University 
1904 (magna cum laude) ; 1905, student abroad; 1906-7, student Royai 
University of Berlin. 

Mima Weaver, A. M., O. S. U. 

Nan Cannon, Journalism. 

Josephine Thrall, Journalism. 

Bertha Hopkins, in charge of gymnasium work, O. S. U. 



o 



O 






O micron Chapter House. 



chapter histories omicron. 159 

College Data. 

Ohio State University was founded 1870, opened 1873. 
Non-sectarian. It numbers : 

1905 1906 

Men students 1600 1694 

Women 280 320 

Faculty 14fl 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

K K T, installed October, 1888; active members 11 19 

K A 0, installed May 24, 1892; active members 12 14 

II B #, installed April 5, 1894; active members 16 17 

AAA, installed March 31, 1896; active members 13 15 

Omicron 

Organization. 

Omicron Chapter was installed at Syracuse University, 
Syracuse, N. Y., Oct. 30 and 31, 1896, by Sara Ida Shaw Martin, 
of Alpha, assisted by Edith M. Wait, Bertha Jackson and Loraine 
Thomas, of Beta, Annie Sherburne and Emily Lucia, of Eta, and 
Mabel Terry, of Gamma. 

The petitioners had been a local since 1895, known as Chi 
Alpha, organized by Mrs. B. W. Brown and Ethel Embury for 
the purpose of securing a charter in a national. Ten names ap- 
peared upon the petition to Delta Delta Delta, which petition 
was granted in something over a year after its presentation. The 
initiation service took place at the home of Mrs. B. W. Brown, 
on Crouse Avenue, during the afternoon of October thirtieth and 
was probably more elaborate than ever before attempted. In the 
evening a reception followed at the home of Ethel Embury and 
upon the evening of October thirty-first was the installation of 
officers and a banquet at Hotel Vanderbilt. All of the women's 
sororities entertained in honor of Omicron. 

Charter Members. 

Evelyn F. Allen. Josephine M. Brown. 

Ethel E. Embury. Anna J. Hollis. 

Daisy Boone. Bessie Stinard. 

Ethelberta Timbrell. Mae Maltby. 

Alberta Perry. Agnes Reed. 

Initiated the same evening were: 

Patty Braley. Maude Southworth. 

Maud Winters. Ruth Ward. 

Clara Johnson. Bertha Whitman. 



160 history of delta delta delta. 

Honorary Members. 

Mrs. D. Corbin. Mrs. F. Losey. 

Mrs. F. Holzworth. 

Chapter Data. 

A Chapter House has been successfully maintained from the 
very first year. The first house was at 301 Marshall St., the 
present one is at 301 Waverly Avenue. The house is owned by 
Prof. Holzworth, the husband of an honorary member. It con- 
tains fifteen rooms, $1500.00 worth of furniture has been accum- 
ulated, a rental of $660.00 a year is paid and the Chapter is cre- 
ating an endowment fund by a $25.00 per capita graduate tax. 
The annual events with this Chapter are a Freshmen Party, a 
Mother's and Patroness Party, Alumnae Reception, Initiation 
Banquet and Senior Banquet. Last year a reception was given 
to all other sororities and to the Faculty on October second. 

Fresh and pleasant in the memory of one hundred and sev- 
enty-five Tri Deltas, representing every Chapter and Alliance, are 
the days of the Seventh National Convention in Syracuse, and to 
Omicron Chapter is gathered its full measure of praise and 
gratitude for the purely unselfish, caretaking and thoughtful man- 
ner in which the Convention was entertained. The business 
ability of the Chapter took care of major and minor matters so 
uniformly well that the Convention was able to accomplish an 
unprecedented amount of business most easily, and business and 
pleasure met and mingled and parted with correct measure and 
manner. 

Omicron graduated twelve girls this year and ten of these 
took the Model Initiation Rites of the Third or Circle Degree be- 
fore the assembled Convention. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Omicron entertained Seventh National Convention, June 25-29, 1906. 
Carolyn Spencer, Grand Vice President, Alpha Province, 1902-1906. 

College Honors. 

Phi Beta Kappa— 

1903— Bertha Beach. 
1903 — Jessie Worden. 
1904 — Jennie Brown. 
1904— Claudia Allen. 
1904 — Minnie Crofoot. 

Second Prize, Chancellor's Oratorical Contest — 
1903— Claudia Allen. 




Crouse Chapel Where 1906 Convention Was Held. 




Dormitory Where 1906 Convention Delegates Were Entertained. 




Mu Chapter House. 





Mu Chapter House. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — MU. 161 

good per cent graduated "Cum Laude" in 1906 — 
Agnes Kingsley. 
Winifred Reynolds. 
Marion Waite. 

Y. W. C. A.— 

1905 — Lyla Johnston, Vice President. 
1906-7 — Lyla Johnston, President. 

No record has been kept of previous honors or of class, liter- 
ary, society or editorial positions enjoyed. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Stella Walrath, University Scholarshio; student in Vienna, 1904; 
prominent musician. 

Evelyn Allen, prominent Syracuse Journalist and club woman. 
Maud Southworth, P. G., Syracuse, student in Germany. 
Minnie Crofoot, A. M., 1905, Syracuse University. 

College Data. 

Syracuse University was founded in 1870, and is Methodist. 
It numbers: 

1905 1906 

Men students 1350 1453 

Women 1150 1323 

Faculty 197 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

A $, installed 1872 ; active members 24 30 

T # B, installed 1874 ; active members 29 29 

K K r, installed 1883 ; active members 27 27 

K A 9, installed 1889 ; active members 23 25 

n B <i>, installed 1896 ; active members 27 28 

AAA, installed 1896; active members 26 30 

A T, installed 1900 ; active members 22 24 

Z <£, (medical), installed 1901; active members 22 

* M E (musical), installed 1902; active members -...».. 20 25 

ASA, installed 1904 ; active members 19 22 

A T A, (local), installed 1904 ; active members 20 20 

P B T (Art), installed 1904 ; active members 

2 K, installed 1905; active members 15 18 

A X O, installed 1907. 

Mu 

Organization. 

Mu Chapter was installed in the University of Wisconsin, 
Madison, Wis., April, 1, 1898, by Eva Barker and Ethel Mackin- 
tosh, of Upsilon, and the inspiration for its formation came from 
this Chapter. There was no public local organization before the 
charter was granted. The idea had its origin in a group of four 



102 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

girls who were rooming in the same house, but no plan was con- 
ceived until some time after the rumors had begun to float in 
the college circles that a new sorority was to be organized. 
Three of the girls remained in their junior year, and with the 
available material which they saw, they considered that the time 
was ripe for a serious effort. The application was sent in the 
late fall. Just before the holiday vacation, Mrs. Elizabeth Gibbs 
Palmer, Vice President of Beta Province, came to inspect the 
girls. In March, news was received of a favorable decision, and 
the initiation ceremonies and banquet were held at the home of 
one of the girls, on the evening of Friday, April 1st. 

Charter Members. 

Florence Allen. Adda Westenhaver. 

Jessie Nelson. Lillian Richards. 

Gertrude Stillman. Clara Pfisterer. 

Daisy Campbell. Mary Dopp. 

Wanda Ellison. 

Honorary Members. 

Mrs. D. B. Frankenburger. Mrs. J. B. Parkinson. 

Patroness. 
Mrs. J. W. Hobbins. 

Chapter Data. 

In 1903, this chapter made a three year lease of a Chapter 
House and in 1903 renewed the same lease for two years. Be- 
sides meeting a rental expense of $840.00 a year, Mu Chapter has 
furnished its home with credit to itself. A furniture fund was 
started at first by each alumna giving ten dollars and each active 
girl twenty dollars. Since that time substantial additions have 
been made each year out of the profits of house-keeping and also 
many handsome gifts have been received from alumna. The 
treasurer's books for 1905-6 showed the year's expenditures to 
have been $3,400.25. There are seventeen rooms in this house 
and fourteen girls have lived in it the past year. 

Besides the informal dancing, card and dinner parties given 
each year at the Chapter House, one formal and two informal 
parties are given in rented halls. The freshmen annually enter- 
tain the freshmen of the other sororities by a formal reception 
and each of the other classes entertain once a year. 

During 1905-1906, the Presidency of the Girl's Athletic 
Association was held by this Chapter and an active part taken in 
this line of work by many of the members. 



chapter histories mu. 163 

Fraternity Honors. 

Clara L. Stillman, Grand Vice President Beta Province, 1902-1904. 
Merle S. Pickford, Grand Treasurer, 1904-1906. 
Merle S. Pickford, Grand Treasurer, 1906-1908. 

College Honors. 
Phi Beta Kappa— 

1899— Gertrude Stillman. 
1900 — Florence E. Allen. 
1902— Merle S. Pickford. 
1903— Theo B. Pickford. 



er Board — 
1899— Marv Dopp. 
1899— Gertrude Stillman (Sec). 
1900— Florence Allen. 
1901— Clara Stillman. 
1902— Merle S. Pickford. 
1903 — Grace Dixon. 
1904— Ethel Redfield. 
1906 — Rowena Whittier. 
1907— Sadie Place. 

Cardinel Woman's Edition — 
1904— Martha Whittier. 

Commencement Orator — 
1898 — Jessie Nelson. 

Self -Government Association — 
189H — Jessie Nelson (Pres.) 
1899— Gertrude Stillman (Pres/' 
1901— Clara Stillman (Pres.) 
1902— Merle S. Pickford (Pres.) 

Castilia — 

1900— Florence E. Allen (Pres ) 
1901— Clara Stillman (Sec.) 
1903 — Julia Anderson (Pres.) 

Pythia — 

1904— Martha Whittier (Pres.) 

Class Honors — 

1898 — Jessie L. Nelson (Ivy Orator.) 
1898— Clara Stillman (V. Pres.) 
1899— Daisy Campbell (Hist.) 
1901— Clara Stillman (Sec.) 
1901— Theo. Pickford (Hist.) 
1902— Ethel Redfield (Hist.) 

Oratorical Association — 

1903 — Julia Anderson (V. Pres.) 
Y. W. C. A.— 

1902— Merle Pickford (Cabinet). 

1905— Ethel Redfield (V. Pres.) 

1906 — Winifred Macomber (Cabinet). 

Girls' Glee Club — 
1903— Elsie Allen. 
1903 — Lela Anderson. 
1906 — Grace Hobbins. 



164 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA 

Athletic Association — 

1905 — Frances Johnson (Sec.) 

1905 — Rowena Whittier (Manager). 

1906 — Grace Hobbins (President). 

Junior Ex. — 

1898 — Jessie Nelson. 
1903 — Julia Anderson. 

Soph Contest — 

1901 — Julia Anderson. 

Honors on Theses — 

1902— Merle S. Pickford. 
Basket Ball — 

1898— Clara Pfisterer. 

1899 — Mary Dooo. 

1901— Ethel Redfield. 

1902-3-4— Lida Middleton. 

1903 — Anna Middleton. 

1903— Rowena Whittier (Captain). 

1903— Martha Whittier. 

1904— Martha Whittier (Captain). 

1906 — Sadie Place (Captain). 

1906 — Margaret Cawley. 

Hockey — 

1906 — Grace Hobbins ( Captain V 
Sadie Place. 

Bowling League — 

1906— Sadie Place (Head). 
1906 — Annabel Hutton. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Florence E. Allen, B. L., University of Wisconsin, 1900; M. L., 
University of Wisconsin, 1901; Instructor in Mathematics, U. of W., 1901. 

Kate L. Hocking, B. L., University of Wisconsin, 1902; M. L., Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, 1903. 

Martha Whittier, B. A., University of Wisconsin, 1904; M. A., 
Ewing College, 1906 ; Instructor in Latin and Greek, Ewing College, 
1904 ; Dean of Women, Bellevue College, Bellevue, Neb. 

College Data. 

The University of Wisconsin was founded in 1848, by the 
State. It numbers: 

Men Student; ..2617 

Women 725 

Faculty 245 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

K K r, installed 1875 ; active members 29 2fl 

A r, installed 1881 ; active members 28 29 

r # B, installed 1884; active members 26 25 

K A e, installed 1890; active members 25 24 

II B *, installed 1894; active members 22 27 





Xi Chapter Rooms. 



- 
> 
r 





ire at Baltimore, Md., (1904). 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — XL 165 

A #, installed 1896; active members 27 22 

AAA, installed 1898 ; active members 22 22 

X O, installed 1902; active members -.20 20 

A X O, installed 1903 ; active members 7 8 

ASA, installed 1905; active members 23 

ATA, installed 1906 ; active members 16 

Xi 

Organization. 

Xi Chapter was installed in the Woman's College, Baltimore, 
M'd., Nov. 25, 1898, at the Hotel Allamount, Eutaw Place, by 
Elizabeth Gibbs Palmer, of Gamma Chapter, Grand Vice Presi- 
dent of Beta Province. The local called Tau Delta, petitioned 
Delta Delta Delta because Lida Kirk had a friend in Omicron 
Chapter, Lena May Corbin and because they liked a stray copy 
of the Trident. 

Charter Members. 

Alice Mallalieu, '99. Anna Hoffman, '99. 

Lida V. Kirk, '00. Daisy King, '99. 

Elizabeth Tumbleson, '00. Louise Stahn, '01. 

Estelle Roehle, '00. Norma Round, '01. 
Anna Harrison, '99. 

Chapter Data. 

Following the custom of the College, this Chapter has no 
Chapter House but a room for meeting in one of the Dormitories, 
Glitner Hall. This they have furnished in Mission style. Here 
are held Thursday afternoon teas each week. Business meetings 
are called each Saturday evening. Meetings occur once a month 
in the homes of the alumnae. "A Coming Out Party" for new 
members and a "Year End Banquet" are annual features. 

The Pan-Hellenic movement among the women's sororities 
has been especially successful here and the report of one member 
of Xi, Miss Sara La Maistre Johnson, on the local Pan-Hellenic 
Association and its work, which was made at the solicitation of 
the officers of the Second Inter-sorority Conference, commanded 
wide attention and interest in fraternity and college circles. 
See Trident, Vol. XIII, No. 3. 

With this chapter rested the burden of the editing and pub- 
lishing of the Trident for three years, from 1902-1905. The 
ability to accept and perform this work was remarkable in so 
young a chapter, it having been established but four years when 
the work was undertaken. The burdens put upon the home and 



166 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

business life of Baltimore by the great fire made it impossible 
to continue in this work but the volumes of the magazine issued 
here remain as a monument to the industry, energy and good 
taste of their management. 

This Chapter also has the honor of mothering the edition of 
the first song book, Nov., 1905. 

A commendable loyalty to an enthusiasm for the Alma 
Mater was evidenced at Baltimore, when for 1905-'0G all the 
sororities turned into the fund for the college debt what would 
have been used for social affairs and held simple and inexpensive 
little events for themselves. 

Fraternity Honors. 

Elizabeth Tumbleson, Grand Secretary, 1900-1904. 

Elizabeth Tumbleson Leutscher, Grand President, 1904-1906. 

E. Anna Harrison, Editor of Trident, 1902-1904. 

Mary Taylor Abercrombie, Editor of Trident, 1905. 

Mildred Rife, Business Manager Trident, 1902-1905. 

Louise Stahn, Editor of First Fraternity Song Book, Nov. 1905. 

College Honors. 

Phi Beta Kappa (Instituted, 1904) — 
Anna Hoffman. 
Emily Sleemar. 

Scholarship to Wood's Hole — 
Anna Hoffman. 
Norman Round. 
Mary T. Abercrombie. 
Grace Guy. 

Scholarship to Cold Spring Harbor — 
Marv G. Lentz. 
Anna Harrison. 

D. A. R. Prise Essay — 
Mary G. Lentz. 

Annua! Oratorical Contest, 1904 — 

Sara L. M. Johnson. 
Prcs. Pan-Hellenic Association — 

Sara L. M. Johnson. 

Senior Dramatics — 

Helen Barbee. 
Glee Club and Choir — 

Ethel Feldmeyer. 

Kalends Board — 

Helen Greene. 
Contributor's Club — 

Claudia Ellsworth (V. Pres.) 



CHAPTER HISTORIES PI. 167 

Y. IV. C. A.— 

Helen Greene (Pres ) 
Positions of honor held by this Chapter during 1905-6 — 

President Y. W. C. A. 

President College Choir. 

Kalend's Board. 

Glee Club — 3 members. 

Basket Ball — 2 members. 

Senior Dramatics — G members. 

Presentation speech on Class Day (Helen Greene). 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Anna Hoffman, Two Year Special in Phys. Research, Johns Hop- 
kins. 

Mary Lentz Johnson, A. M., Laboratory Assistant in Anatomy. 
Norman Round, Special Graduate Nurse. 

College Data. 

The Women's College at Baltimore was founded 1885 and 
opened 1888. It is Methodist Episcopal. It numbers : 

1905 1906 

Women students 32l 328 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

A F, installed 1191; active members 12 • 16 

T K II, local founded 1891; active members 16 20 

A <!>, installed 1891, active members 16 15 

r $ JB, installed 1893; active members 16 11 

K A 9, installed 1896 ; active members 16 14 

n B <i>, installed 1897 ; active members 14 12 

AAA, installed 1898; active members 17 12 

Pi 

Organization. 

Pi Chapter was installed at the University of California, 
Berkeley, (San Francisco & Hamilton), Cal., April 14, 1900, by 
a member of Kappa Chapter of Delta Delta Delta, then a student 
at Leland Stanford University, Dorothy Bacon (Mrs. J. H. Mc- 
Clintock.) 

The initiation took place at the home of Louise Hamlin 
Johnson. Mary Ratcliffe and Louise Johnson were taken first 
and then assisted with the remainder of the initiation service. 

Charter Members. 

Julia May Abbott. Martha Elizabeth Aiker. 

Corinne Carter. Florence Gertrude Howard. 

Eleanor Stewart Hammack. Evelyn Martianna Ratcliffe. - 

Louise Hamblin Johnson. Katherine Courtenay Johnston. 
Frances Vic Carter. 



168 history of delta delta delta. 

Honorary Members. 
Mrs. Louis Titus. Mrs. Eleanor Love Moore. 

Chapter Data. 

A Chapter House is maintained, leased for five years at a 
rent of $840.00 a year, the furniture of which has all been pur- 
chased by the Chapter and is of a handsome character. 

Dances, general Receptions, Faculty Receptions, and weekly 
informal evenings at Chapter House constitute the amusements. 

The list of college honors speaks plainly for the great activ- 
ity of these girls in all phases of college life. While the earth- 
quake and fire at San Francisco was a great disaster to Universi- 
ty circles, yet Pi Chapter had much for which to be thankful, 
even in the midst of her great sorrow. Their president, Louise Reid, 
lost two sisters and a niece, killed by falling buildings at Santa 
Rosa, and Violet Patterson lost her home in San Francisco. 
Many of the chapters of the different sororities and fraternities 
there lost a very heavy per cent of their enrollment through this 
great disaster, but Pi has commenced 1906-'07 with new cour- 
age and bright prospects. 

The following college positions were reported for 1905-'06 : 
Assistant in Chemistry ; tennis champion ; captain Freshman 
Basket Ball team ; secretary A. W. S. ; members on Prytanean, 
Senior Play, College Annual, Musical Club, Treble Clef, and 
Social Committee. 

Fraternity Honors. 

K. Courtenay Johnston, Grand Vice President Gamma Province, 
1904-1906. 

K. Courtenay Johnston, largest contributor to Song book and com- 
piler of pamphlet on Chapter House Ownership. 

College Honors. 

Phi Beta Kappa — 

1901 — Evelyn Marianna Ratcliffe. 
1903— Mary Edith McGrew. 

Scholarship Medal — 

1903— Mary Edith McGrew. 
Honorable Mention — 

1902 — Frances Vic Carter. 

1903— Ruth McGrew. 

Editorial — 

"Blue & Gold" College Annual : 
1900 — K. Courtenay Johnston. 
1904 — Florence Isabelle Dodge. 




Pi Chapter House, 1901-1904. 




Pi Chapter House, 1904-1907. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — PI. 169 

1904 — Mary Durand. 

1907— Jemima Pruitt. 

1908— Alice W. Porterfield. 
California Magazine: 

1900 — K. Courtenay Johnston. 

1904 — K. Courtenay Johnston. 
Pelican Woman's Edition : 

1905 — Florence Dodge. 

1907 — Jessie L. Bowers. 

Tennis Championship — 

1902-3-4— Ethel Ratcliff. 
Pres. Association Women Students — 

1901 — Grace Eton Woods. 
Prytanean Honor Societv — 

1900 — K. Courtenay Johnston. 

1902— Grace Woods. 

1902— Ruth McGrew. 

1903— Hazel McGraw. 

1904— Ethel Ratcliff. 

1905 — Florence Dodge. 

1904-1905 Report. 

The report for 1904 and 1905 shows besides honors listed, 
great class activity and early work in the 

University Dramatic Association, 

Mask & Dagger Society, 

Treble Clef Club, 

Art Association, 

Y. W. C. A., 

Chorus Mikado, 

Sports and Pastime Club, and 

Associated Women Students, on the part of various members. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Edith McGrew, A. M. U. of Cal., made Instructor in Latin at U. of 
California. 

Henrietta Wade, S. M., Georgia Ratton, S. L., Post Graduate U. of 
Cal., Master's Degrees. 

Ruth McGrew, post graduate, Chicago University. 

College Data. 

The University of California was founded in 1868 by the 
State. It numbered in 1905, men students, 1414 ; women, 1019 ; 
Faculty, 274, in Berkley. Affiliated Colleges of San Francisco 
increase the number of men to 1997, women 1280. 1906 reports 
men 2650 ; women to 1300. 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

K A 9, installed 1890 ; active members 19 18 

r * B, installed 1894; active members 20 22 



170 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

K K r, installed 1880; withdrawn. 

re-established 1897; active members 22 19 

II B <£, installed 1900 ; active members 14 18 

AAA, installed 1900 ; active members 18 15 

A <E>, installed 1901; active members 15 19 

A B 2, (local) installed 1901 ; active members 12 

X O, installed 1903; active members 13 15 

A O n, installed 1907; from local A B 2 19 

A r, 1907. 

Rho 

Organization. 

Rho Chapter was installed at Barnard College, Columbia 
University, New York City, June 6, 1903, by Sarah Bartlett 
Hayes, (Grand President), Alpha, Elizabeth Tumbleson, (Grand 
Secretary), Xi, Carolyn Spencer, (Grand Vice President, Alpha 
Province), Omicron. 

The petitioning - body was a Barnard local, bearing a gold 
question mark for a badge. This was chosen as a question mark 
turned upside down represents a small delta. 

After initiation, Rho Chapter gave a luncheon at Hotel Ma- 
jestic in honor of the delegates. 

Charter Members. 

Edith May Appell. Sarah Ellen Shelley. 

Laura Randolph Seguine. Marion Elizabeth Prynn Ball. 

Harriet Estelle Werts. Amelia Maude Robinson. 

Lena Adele Miller. Helena Schnessler. 

Anna Tallman Waring. Rose Johnston. 

Edith Adell Granger. 

Chapter Data. 

Although this is a young chapter in a school where many 
other fraternities have preceded it, yet the three years of its 
existence record a goodly number of undertakings. 

In social lines, 1903-1904 hold in its list two formal dances, 
at Brinkerhoff Hall, three Theatre Parties, Initiate's Luncheon 
at Sherry's, Opening Luncheon at White Plains, Pan-Hellenic 
Reception besides many minor affairs. 

The first formal party of 1904-1905 was a dance, then came 
a Luncheon at the Manhattan, followed by a Theatre Party giv- 
en in honor of Janet Priest, of Theta, who was "Muggsy" in the 
""Maid and the Mummy Company," playing in New York at that 
time. An initiation luncheon and a luncheon at White Plain? 
were the other larger attempts. 





Rho Chapter Rooms. 



I 

i i 




'IS 




u 



X 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — RHO. 171 

In 1904-1905, there was a dance in December, Reception to 
other Sororities in February, a Valentine Party, an Easter Party, 
an Initiation Luncheon in April, and a Reception to other Soror- 
ities in May, in honor of the Visiting Delegate. 

During 1905-1906, the Chapter rented two rooms on West 
124th Street. Annie Fisher, 1905, gave the use of some of the 
furniture, the remainder being presented by other members of 
the Chapter. Twenty-five dollars a month rent was paid for the 
apartment during the college year: 

Fraternity Honors. 
Marian E. P. Ball, Grand Secretary, 1906-1908. 

College Honors. 

One scholarship for Yale taken. 

A scholarship for year Feb. 1907, Feb. 1908, taken in Barnard. 
Dramatic — 

1904 — School for Scandal: 
Lena Miller, '04. 
Edith Granger, '04. 
Rose Johnston, 04. 
Annie Fisher, '05. 
Abigail Talbot, '05. 
1905— The "Butter-flies" : 
Annie Fisher. 
Abigail Talbot. 

Athletic — 

1905-6 — Louise Rapp, President. 
Field Day — 6 representatives. 

Basket Ball (1904-5)— 

Annie Fisher (Captain). 
Abigail Talbot. 
Katherine Post. 
Elizabeth Tredwell. 

Tennis Champion, 1907 — 

Louise Rapp. 
Business Manager of Barnard Bulletin (weekly) — 

1905-7— Elizabeth Tredwell, '07. 
Elector of College Settlement Association — 

1905-7— Leslie Gardiner, '07. 
Treasurer of Class of 1905 (Senior Year) — 

Abigail Talbot. 
Treasurer of Class of 1906 (Senior Year) — 

Catherine Post. 
Vice President of Y. W. C. A. for 1905-6 — 

Elizabeth Post, '06. 

Post Graduate Mention. 
Lena Adele Miller, '04, Post Graduate Special in Biology. 



172 history of delta delta delta. 

College Data. 

Barnard College was founded in 1889, as the Woman's De- 
partment of Columbia University. Non-sectarian. Barnard 
College is only a small part of the University. 

1904-5 

Women in Barnard 400 

Men in Columbia 557 

Faculty 52 

1905-6 

Total number of students in University 4755 

Total number of students in Barnard 371 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

K K r, installed January 16, 1891; active members 24 25 

A n, installed January, 1898; active members 23 19 

K A 0, installed March, 1898 ; active members 16 16 

T * B, installed November, 1902; active members 22 20 

A *, installed May 9, 1903 ; active members 17 17 

AAA, installed June 6, 1903 ; active members 12 18 

IT B *, installed May 28, 1904 ; active members 13 15 

X Q, installed 1906. 

(Post graduate students in first five also.) 

Tau 

Organization. 

Tau Chapter was installed at Bucknell University, Lewis- 
burg, Pa., on May 20, 1904, at the residence of Dr. Lincoln Hul- 
ley, by Sara Bartlett Hayes, (Grand President), Alpha, Carolyn 
Spencer, (Grand Vice President Alpha Province), Omicron, and 
Elizabeth Tumbleson, (Grand Secretary), Xi. 

As early as 1898, petitions from Bucknell had been received 
but no degree of success had been attained until this group took 
up the matter in 1902. Their persistence and the very loyal sup- 
port of faculty and friends procured the necessary personal in- 
vestigation which revealed so favorable a situation that the grant 
was made. 

Charter Members. 

Emily Ebling. Nelle Thomas. 

Ida Luchsinger. Carrie McCaskie. 

Alif Stephens. Sophia Bodler. 

Nellie Goddard. Grace Meek. 

Florence McCaskie. Jessie McFarland. 

Honorary Members. 

Mrs. Joseph M. Wolfe (Prof.) Mrs. Vernon Robbins. 

Mrs. W. L. Gerhart (Dr.^ 



chapter histories — tau. 173 

Chapter Data. 
Although having but little more than two years of college 
existence behind it, these girls have had much to report. Re- 
ceptions, spreads, and parties, have been one side of their 
social life, excursions into the beautiful country surrounding the 
University another. Many functions in honor of the Chapter 
have been given by the patronesses and friends. An Annual 
Symposium is given at the close of the school year. Besides the 
listed honors, the Chapter held the Presidency of both the Col- 
lege Girls' Association and the Girls' Dramatic Club this year. 

College Honors. 
Class Play — 

Emily Ebling. 
Alif Stephens. 
Ida Luchsinger. 
Catharine McCart. 
Grace Meek. 

Class Honors — 
Poet: 
Nelle Thomas. 
1905 — Mary Burgess. 
Olive Richards. 
Secretary : 
Nellie Goddard. 
1905 — Carrie McCaskie. 
1906— Mary Weddle. 

Sprague Bible Prise — 

Nellie Goddard. 
French Honors — 

Sophia Bodler. 
Latin Honors — 

Alif Stephens. 
Oratory — 

Nellie Goddard. 

Sophia Bodler. 

Mary Burgess. 

Commencement Speakers — 
Alif Stephens. 
Nellie Goddard. 

Y. W. C. A.— 

Ida Luchsinger, President. 
Anna Galbraith, 1906, President. 

College Settlement Work — 
Nelle Thomas, President. 
Nellie Goddard, Vice President. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Sophia Bodler, student and graduate University of Chicago, 1906. 
Nellie Goddard, '05, teacher, Spelman Seminary, Atlanta, Georgia. 



174 history of delta delta delta. 

College Data. 

Bucknell University is Baptist and was founded in 1846. In 

1905, it numbered men students, 286 ; women, 90 ; faculty, 33 ; in 

1906, about seven hundred students in all departments. 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

n B ♦, installed 1895 ; active members 14 19 

AAA, installed 1904 ; active members. 9 16 

Pledged Members (A A A) 5 

Phi 

Organization. 

Phi Chapter was installed at the University of Iowa, Iowa 
City, on Sept. 27 and 28, 1904, at the home of Miss Sara Paine, 
(530 S. Clinton St.), by R. Louise Fitch of Epsilon. She was 
assisted by Florence Clarkson, of Epsilon, and Mable Brourink, 
of Delta Alliance, Claire Spencer, of Delta Active, Alice Silliman, 
of Upsilon, and Lavinia Steele, of Kappa, then librarian at 
the University. Valborg Kastman, of Phi, had previously re- 
ceived the initiation rites at the Sixth National Convention. 
The Trident Degree was administered on Tuesday evening, Sept. 
27, and the Stars and Crescent Degree on the following evening. 
A banquet at the Burkley Imperial, followed the initiation. 

Charter Members. 

Zoe Rae Frazier. Mable C. Merritt. 

Sebena Frazier. Maud Smith. 

Edith Whitney Merritt. Mildred Price. 

Ethel Gay Nichols. Valborg Kastman. 

Daisy M. Dunham. Sara Paine. 

Honorary Members. 

Elva Dunham, Matron Homeopathic Hospital. 

Mrs. F. A. Wilder, wife of Professor in Geology. 

Mrs. C. W. Weeks, wife of Commandant of Cadet Battalion. 

Mrs. Henry Le Daum, wife of Professor of French. 

Mrs. M. S. Catlin, wife of Athletic Manager. 

Chapter Data. 

A Chapter Hall was rented during 1905-6 and all phases of 
sorority life entered into with zeal. Seven different social af- 
fairs were reported during the rushing season previous to the 
two Pledge Service events. A Pan-Hellenic Reception was giv- 



c 




o 




CHAPTER HISTORIES — PHI. 175 

en in honor of Visiting Delegate, R. Louise Fitch, Nov. 15, 
1905, at the Burkley Imperial and it fell to the lot of Tri Delta 
this year to give the "big party," as it is dubbed in college phrase 
here. The date of this was January 12th. The Armory where 
it was held was gay with silver, gold and blue. About four hun- 
dred guests were present. This "big party" is a custom pecu- 
liar to the institution, each sorority entertaining all the other fra- 
ternities in school once in four years. Five minor social events 
were reported between this and the Farewell breakfast given 
June 12, 1906, to close the college year. 

The Chapter reported the following honors and positions 
for 1905-'06: 

One Phi Beta Kappa. 

Two Scholarships, one instructor in physical training and one in 
English department. 

Two presidents of Literary Societies. 

Vice President and Cabinet Officer of Y. W. C. A. 

Vice President of Freshman class. 

A pretty home has been rented for 1906-7, completely fur- 
nished, and a most successful year is being enjoyed. In the sec- 
ond year of her existence Phi Chapter has dared to assume the 
burdens of conducting a chapter house although her rivals had 
hesitated to do so for twelve and fourteen years but her success 
and satisfaction have been great. 

College Honors. 
Phi Beta Kappa — 

1905— Ethel Nichols. 

1906— Mildred Price. 

1907— Florence O'Dell. 
Scholarship in Greek — 

1906— Mildred Price, 

Scholarship in Economics — 
1906— Ruth Marsh. 

College Data. 

The University of Iowa was founded in 1847, as a State Uni- 
versity ; the school is not denominational. It enrolls 

1905 1906 

Men students 1041 1300 

Women 340 500 

Faculty '' ° 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

K K T, installed 1882; active members 14 16 

II B *, installed ir82 ; active members 19 19 

A r, installed 1886 ; active members 13 

AAA, installed 1904; active members .15 19 



176 * HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Chi 

Organization. 

Chi Chapter was installed at the University of Mississippi, 
on Sept. 22, 1904, in the Law Lecture room of University Build- 
ing, by Elizabeth Tumbleson Leutscher, Grand President, of Xi, 
R. Louise Fitch, Grand Vice President of Beta Province, and 
Irene Olson, both of Epsilon, assisted by Ola Price, previously 
initiated at the Sixth National Convention. 

The petitioning body was a local Tau Delta Theta and was 
highly recommended by every Greek letter fraternity at the Uni- 
versity. It had been established in 1896 and had been unusually 
prosperous. 

A unique feature in the installation of Chi Chapter was the 
arranging of the festivities, which took place at the home of 
Vice Chancellor Dr. Jones, in such a manner as to mark the fare- 
well to Tau Delta Theta symbols, as well as the introduction to 
the insignia of Delta Delta Delta. 

It was peculiar and unfortunate that three of the petitioners were 
ill at school with typhoid fever at the time of the initiation and 
could not attend. Another was delayed by poor train connections 
and did not arrive until the morning following the initiation. 

Charter Members. 

Ola Price. Bettie Sue Chamblis. 

Norma Wilkins. Daisy Plant. 

Suzanne Burt. Roberta Fulton. 

Annie Berry. Elizabeth Richmond. 
Kittie Kimmons. 

AT INSTALLATION LATER 

Eva Shepherd. Douglass Maxwell. 

Mary Haley. Mary Lou Rea. 

Blanche Rogers. 

Honorary Members. 

Mrs. Fulton. Mrs. Jones. 

Mrs. Riley. Mrs. Johnson. 

Chapter Data. 

Many large and small social functions have been reported 
by Chi Chapter in its two years of existence, and not the least 
joyful of these smaller private affairs are those which are held 
to celebrate the changing of some old Tau Delta Theta into a 
full-fledged Tri Delta. On one of these occasions, the wife of 



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• 




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University of Mississippi. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — CHI. 177 

one of the new Professors, Calvin S. Brown, was the initiate, 
who as Maude Morrow had been a member of the old local. 
The following - press clipping speaks for itself: 

"The University Community makes a double gain in securing the 
services of Dr. Brown, in that he brings with him his bride, one of the 
most distinguished graduates of the University, Miss Maude Morrow, 
who won distinction here as a student, taking the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts and Master of Arts and who until recently has filled the chair of 
Greek in Agnes Scott College." 

The Chapter hopes to maintain a Chapter Hall as soon as 

the new Science Hall is completed enough to obtain a room 
therein. Six of their girls take B. S. degree in June, 1907. 

College Honors. 

W. J. Bryan's medal for best essay on "Science of Government" won by 
Mary Alice Haley, a Senior member. 

Commencement Speakers — 
1905 — Mary Lou Rea. 
1905 — Blanche Rogers. 

First Honors — 

1900 — Maud Morrow. 
Second Honors — 

1905 — Blanche Rogers. 
Oratory — 

Mary Alice Haley, Soph. Med., (2), 1904. 

Loulie May Johnson, Soph. Med., 1906. 

Roll of Merit — 

1903 — Mary Alice Haley, Elocution. 

1903 — Blanche Rogers, French, German. 

1903 — Daisy Plant, Rhetoric. 

1903 — Bettie Sue Chamblis, Elocution. 

1903— Mary Lulu Rea, Ethics, Pedagogy. 

1904-5 — Jeannette Ford, Geology, Sociologv. 

1905 — Mary Lulu Rea, English, Archaeology. 

1904 — Blanche Rogers, Latin, German. 

1906 — Jeannette Ford, History, French, Physiology, Political Econ- 
omy. 
Editorial — 

Mary Lulu Rea, Parth. Ed., 1904-1905. 

Emma Kate Kimmons, Asst. Ed. Old Miss., 1903. 

Annie Berry, Asst. Ed. Old Miss., 1904. 

Blanche Rogers, Art Ed. Old Miss., 1905. 

Douglass Maxwell, Asst Art, 1906. 

Leslie Christine Johnson, Art. Ed., 1907. 
Class Honors — 

Jeannette Ford, Poet '05. 

Jeannette Ford, Hist., '06. 

Roberta Fulton, Treas., '06. 

Loulie May Johnson, Poet, '06. 

Daisy Plant, Hist, '08. 

Lynnette Kimmons, Treas., '08. 

Jennie Benson, Treas., '09. 

Douglass Maxwell, '07. 



178 history of delta delta delta. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Maud Morrow, Teacher of Greek. University of Mississippi. 
Ann Philips, post graduate student, U. of Miss. 
Loulie May Johnson, Instructor of Girls' Gymnasium, U. of Miss., 
1904-5. 

College Data. 

The University of Mississippi was founded in 1840 and 
opened in 1848. As an institution of the State, it is undenomi- 
national. It numbers 

1905-6 1906-7 

Men students 296 272 

Women 70 62 

Faculty , 28 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

X fi, installed 1899 ; active members 8 6 

AAA, installed 1904 ; active members 9 11 

Psi 

Organization. 

Psi Chapter was installed at the University of Pennsylvania, 
Philadelphi, Pa., on Sept. 30, 1904, at the Hotel Sherwood, by 
Mrs. Elizabeth Tumbleson-Leutscher, (Grand President). Mrs. 
Estelle Roehle Byrne, Miss Anna Hoffman, and Miss E. Anna 
Harrison (Editor of Trident), all of Xi Chapter. 

The first three mentioned in the list of chapter patronesses 
were also present at the banquet which followed initiation. The 
Chapter is unusually fortunate in having twelve of these patron- 
esses. 

Miss Sophia W. Burmester. Miss Deborah Leeds Cordery. 

Miss Kate Vorhees Carpenter. Mrs. William T. Cullen. 

Miss Lydia A. Kirby. Mrs. P. H. Evans. 

Mrs. W. L. Blake. Mrs. Orson A. Hulton. 

Mrs. Ella M. Boyer. Mrs. Charles W. Karsner. 

Mrs. Isabella W. Connor. Mrs. R. M. McCurdy. 

Charter Members. 

The charter members were nine: 

Hannah May Blake. Anna Marie Cullen. 

Elizabeth Gibson Connor. Florence Hulton. 

Elizabeth Evans. Mary Macafee McCurdv. 

Eleanor Fulton Karsner. Faith Thompson. 
Marguerite Irene Boyer. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — PSI. 179 

Chapter rooms are rented near the University. In these 
weekly meetings and various social affairs are held. Although 
on account perhaps of college discriminations against women un- 
der-graduate students, the active Chapter has been small for a 
time, the zeal and enthusiasm have been most commendable. 
(Recently more classes have been opened to women at this Uni- 
versity) . 

The financial management has been excellent, for the 
Chapter rents two large rooms near the University and the treas- 
urer of the Chapter reports the handling of considerable sums for 
various other matters. 

In 1905, May Blake was the only girl receiving Senior Hon- 
ors. 

College Honors. 

Sophomore — * 

May Blake. 
Elizabeth Connor. 
Florence Hulton. 
Emma Neall. 

Senior — 

May Blake, 1905. 
German — 

Mary McCurdy. 
Botany — 

Florence Hulton. 
Special — 

Ruth White won University Prize of $250.00 by best paper on "How 
to Teach Latin and Greek in the High School." 

Women students are not eligible to class positions at the 
University of Pennsylvania. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Minnie Eckles, A. M., 1905. 

Ruth White, A. M., 1905. 

Minnie Eckles, student for Ph. D., 1905-1906. 

May Blake, student for M. S., 1905-1906. 

College Data. 

The University of Pennsylvania was founded as a charitable 
school in 1740, became an Academy in 1751, a college in 1755, 
and a State University in 1791. It numbers : 

1905 1906 

Men students 2671 3400 

Women 304 300 

Faculty 325 



180 history of delta delta delta. 

Sororities. 

1905 1906 

K K r, installed 1890 ; active members 11 6 

AAA, installed 1904 ; active members 12 5 

Alpha Xi 

Organization. 

Alpha Xi Chapter of Delta Delta Delta was installed at Ran - 
dolph-Macon Woman's College, in Lynchburg, Va., by Grand 
President Elizabeth Tumbleson Leutscher, Xi, Carolyn Spencer, 
Grand Vice of Alpha Province, Omicron, and Evelyn Kolbe, Xi, 
on November 29, 1905. The charter members were from the 
local Delta Delta, whose petition to Delta Delta Delta had been 
pending for something over a year. 

Charter Members. 

Mary Bates Allen. Katrina Kern. 

Mary Washington Ball. Mabel Martin. 

Ethel Bradshaw Chapoell. Elizabeth George Merrick. 

Virginia Klein Cook. Nellie J. Mullins. 

Louise Dodson. Lida Means Picton. 

Laura Robinson Glancy. Janet Snead. 

Jeanette Rose Humphreys. Isabella Shackford. 

Mildred Strode. Lena Tillou Willey. 

Honorary Members. 

Mrs. W. Russell Winfree, Rivermont, W. Va. 

Miss Aileen W. Bond, College Park, Va. 

Mrs. Randolph Marshall, 908 Floyd St., Lynchburg, Va. 

Chapter Data. 

Too young to have extended mention perhaps, but active 
enough to be in the full swing of all phases of college life, schol- 
astic, athletic and social, Alpha Xi is rapidly proving that it was 
neither a mistake to put a second Chapter in the sunny southland 
nor yet another to place a second one in a college for women 
only, especially when both of these colleges belong to the list of 
the "thirteen best" designated by the United States Commissioner 
of Education. 

Alpha Xi reported twenty-four honorary and elective col- 
lege positions for 1905-6. 

College Honors. 

Latin Honors — 

Ethel B. Chappell. 



o 






Psi Chapter Rooms. 



X 

> 
X 



n 

x 
> 



o 




jr^* 


I^H "'*' 




"m?< 


' 






Alpha Xi Chapter Rooms. 



CHAPTER HISTORIES — ALPHA XI. 181 



English Honors — 

Jeanette R. • Humphreys. • 

French and German Honors — 

Laura R. Glancy. 
Philosophy Honors — 

Isabel Shackford. 
Editorial — 

College Monthly Chief. Ethel B Chappell. 

Annual Statistics Editor, Ethel B. Chappell. 

Annual, Athletic Editor, Laura R. Glancy. 

Annual, Art Editor, Jeanette Humphreys. 

Class Honors — 

Poet, Ethel B. Chaooell. 

Honors in Music — 
Janet Sue Snead. 

Post Graduate Mention. 

Isabel Shackford. 

Janet Sue Snead, A. M. 

College Data. 

Randolph-Macon Woman's College was founded in 1891 by 
the Board of the Randolph-Macon System and is under the con- 
trol of the Methodist Episcopal church of the South. 

It numbered, in 1905, a faculty of forty-five and a student 
body of nearly four hundred women. 

Sororities. 

1905-6 

X fi, installed 1899 ; active members 19 

Z T A, installed 1902 ; active members 14 

K A, installed 1903 ; active members 12 

A O n, installed 1903 ; active members 12 

2 2 2, installed 1904 ; active member 12 

AAA, installed 1905 ; active members 14 

N. B. — Th<* term "honorary member" perhaps needs explanation. 
Until the Fourth National Convention there v as but one ruling on the 
subject, that of the original constitution entitling each chapter to three 
honorary members. It was found that customs varied, some fully initiat- 
ing the three selected, thus entitling them to wear the badge, and some 
merely giving them the colors or oledge pins and regarding them as 
patronesses. Since the ruling of 1900, no honorary members have re- 
ceived initiation, thev being at present merely patronesses of the various 
chapters. Those initiated prior to 1900 were women of national promin- 
ence, members of the different faculties, or wives of various faculty 
members, usually women holding college degrees. — B. L. P. 



ALLIANCE HISTORIES 



General Note 

Until quite recently all the work on the Alliance movement 
has been in the cities where the active chapters exist, with but 
one exception, "The Chicago Alliance," and that of course was 
very near to Upsilon. All the Alliances assist the Active Chapters 
in rushing season, re-union affairs, and Pan-Hellenic Association 
work and help them financially. Each Alliance member is 
pledged to the support of the Trident. Regular communication 
is kept up between the distant members by means of "Round 
Robin Letters." All Chapters report interchange of entertain- 
ment with their Alliances. 

M. Katherine Ratterman, of Cincinnati, Zeta Chapter, was 
appointed Alliance Supervisor for 1905-6 by Grand President, 
Elizabeth Tumbleson Leutscher and the Seventh National Con- 
vention showed its appreciation of her work by adding an Al- 
liance Officer to the Grand Council number and electing Miss 
Ratterman unanimously to that position. Under her care and 
attention the interest and zeal in various city centers has awak- 
ened and several city Alliances are in process of formation, those 
in Milwaukee, Wis., and Des Moines, la., promising speedy re- 
alization. 

The Alliances can scarcely be listed in any other way than in 
order of their formation. 

Alpha Alliance 

The girls of Boston University have the honor of forming 
the first Alumnae Alliance, as well as of founding the first Chap- 
ter of Delta Delta Delta. 

Alpha Alumnae Alliance was organized August 29, 1892, at 
the home of Emily F. Allen, Pinckney St., Boston, by Sarah Ida 
Shaw, Charlotte Joslin, Emily F. Allen and Grace Ayres of Al- 
pha. The First National Convention (1893) recognized the Al- 

(182) 



EPSILON ALLIANCE CHICAGO ALLIANCE. 183 

Hance officially, making extensive provision for the Alliance 
movement and putting the matters of future organization, ritual 
work and constitution in the hands of the founders of this first 
Alliance. Alpha Alliance was represented at the Second Nation- 
al Convention. 

The meetings of Alpha Alliance are held the first Saturday 
of each month of the school year, usually in the rooms of the 
active chapter. Besides business sessions, both literary and so- 
cial sessions are enjoyed and on several occasions speakers have 
been provided and open meetings held. 

Nearly one hundred per cent of Alpha Chapter graduates 
have been enrolled since the Alliance was formed. A joint com- 
mittee of Chapter and Alliance has charge of mutual work. 

Epsilon Alliance 

Epsilon Alumnae Alliance was the second one to form and 
was organized at Galesburg, 111., by Mrs. Alta Marsh Phillips, 
Martha Stone, Lillian Emrich, Estell Johnson and Grace Matte- 
son, resident graduates of Epsilon Chapter, March 2, 1896. All 
resident members of the Active Chapter come into the Alliance 
upon leaving school and those near enough to the city to attend 
any meetings. The monthly meetings are of a social nature or 
on fraternity work and philanthophic lines are not forgotten as 
each week sewing is done for the free kindergarten. The Al- 
liance also in 1904 aided the Active Chapter in furnishing the re- 
ception room of the free kindergarten building. 

They meet with the Chapter several times during the year 
and take an active part in the Thanksgiving Banquet celebra- 
tion, the chief Chapter event of each year. 

Many of the members hold offices in, and are connected 
with the various Literary, Musical and Philanthrophic organiz- 
ations of the city. 

Chicago Alliance 

Third in order, the Chicago Alumna? Alliance was organ- 
ized by Eleanor Dorcas Pond Mann, one of the founders of Al- 
pha Chapter*, at 1223 Milton Ave., Chicago, May 15, 1897. Her 
work in effecting this organization was an evidence of the abiding 
interest which she has alwavs manifested in the welfare of Tri 



184 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Delta. Those joining were Mrs. Edna Wolfe Pearson, Lambda, 
Mrs. Martha Barden Cole and Mrs. Ola Ingersoll McChesney, 
of Epsilon, Myrtle N. Stillwell, Ella F. Tobias and Jessie Milne, 
of Gamma, Alma S. Fick, of Zeta, Lottie B. Watson, Grace 
Clough, Franc Watson and Lorena G. Watson, of Upsilon, and 
Margaret Emerson, of Alpha; Delta Chapter was also repre- 
sented. 

Meetings were held with great regularity for a time, but 
later great distances in residence proved an almost insur- 
mountable obstacle and the Alliance has considered it best to be 
merged with the Upsilon Alliance, now in process of organiz- 
ation. Many more Tri Deltas have been located in Chicago and 
suburban cities and the new organization promises to be very 
strong. 

During the past spring, Ethel Andrews, Epsilon, and Amy 
Olgen Parmelee, Upsilon, have arranged for monthly luncheons 
of all Chicago Deltas, and representatives from Upsilon Active. 
Three have now been held, and the interest and attendance is 
increasing each time. The luncheons are held the first Saturday 
in each month at the Carricabbie Rooms, Madison street. 

Zeta Alliance 

Zeta Alumnae Alliance was the fourth to form and was, it 
might be said, the first fruits of the Chicago Alliance and the 
enthusiasm aroused by the Third National Convention. It was 
organized at Cincinnati, Sept. 2, 1897. The formation was in 
charge of Alma Fick of Zeta, formerly of the Chicago Alliance, 
and the services took place at her home. Those who presented 
themselves for initiation were Emma B. Kinney, Estelle M. 
Riley, Lucy M. Lambdin, Grace Marshall, Mrs. Emma H. Bald- 
win, Mary S. Evans and Florence Lawler. Four others were 
shortly after enrolled, Agnes R. Powers, Caroline A. Powell, 
Sadie A. Fortney, and Stella M. Fortney. 

Nearly one hundred per cent of chapter membership is en- 
rolled and as their membership now exceeds fifty, the attend- 
ance at all meetings is large and courses- of study, lectures and 
plays are attempted, besides the social, business and fraternity 
features. 

A great deal of Social Settlement work has been done both 
by the individual members and by the Alliance as an organiz- 



GAMMA ALLIANCE SIGMA ALLIANCE. 185 

ation and Zeta is also well represented in the Woman's Club, 
Press Club and many other city associations. 

Gamma Alliance 

Gamma Alumnae Alliance was organized June 8, 1898, at 
Gamma Chapter Hall, Adrian, Mich. Ella F. Tobias, of Gam- 
ma, and recently of the Chicago Alumnae Alliance, conducted the 
work and there were enrolled with her as first members, Eliza- 
beth Gibbs Palmer, Jean Stearns Kimball, enthusiastic delegates 
from the Third National Convention, Bertha Page Robertson, 
Bessie Leach Priddy, Dorothy E. Baker, Julia Myers Dewey, 
Abbie Wakefield Hamilton, Clara B. Hopkins and Mary M. 
Mbrden. 

Meetings are held the last Saturday in each month, at the 
homes. At least ninety-five per cent of Chapter membership has 
been enrolled. A feature of 1904's work was a reception to all 
fraternity women in the city. At least two social functions are 
given for the Chapter each year. Round Robin correspondence 
is maintained for the benefit of the out of town members. Once 
a year some meeting is made the occasion of an excursion to the 
home of some out of town member. 

Many of the members are active workers in the various city 
organizations. 

Sigma Alliance 

Sigma Alumnae Alliance was organized at Middletown, 
Conn., June 28, 1898, by Sarah Tucker Kurt, Lucy Osborne 
Searle and Mary A. McKay. Besides these three, the follow- 
ing were initiated at organization : Frances L. Weeks, Isabelle J. 
Church, Anna J. Kellog, Elizabeth H. Rogers, May A. Adams, 
Carrie T. Brown, M. Grace Brunell, Elizabeth C. Stevens, El- 
eanor Newell, and Isabelle M. Walbridge. 

About ninety per cent of Chapter membership is enrolled. 
Many re-unions are undertaken. Besides fraternity work, this 
Alliance has been devoting part of its energies to New York 
Social Settlement work. The interest of their out of town 
members is held by a very elaborate and effective system of 
Round Robin letters. Their full official meetings are in Janu- 
ary and June each year. 



186 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Omicron Alliance 

Omicron Alumnae Alliance was organized at Syracuse, N. 
Y., Oct. 27, 1900, at the home of Evelyn F. Allen, by the follow- 
ing Omicron girls : Clara Johnson Champlin, Evelyn F. Allen, 
Daisy Boon Phillips, Anna Hollis, Alberta E. Perry, Josephine 
Horn Brown, and Ruth Ward. Seventy-five per cent of the 
Chapter membership is enrolled. Meetings are held the first 
Thursday evening of each month and are largely of a social 
nature. 

This Alliance has been working on and nearly completed 
elaborate initiation paraphernalia for presentation to the Active 
Chapter. 

Theta Alliance 

Theta Alumnae Alliance was organized May 18, 1901, by Dr. 
Caroline Edgar Erdmann, at her home in Minneapolis. Meet- 
ings are held every two months and news from absent members 
is given a prominent place in the program. Sixty-five per cent 
of Chapter membership has been enrolled. 

This Alliance reports as members, four professional women, 
three at home girls, eight high school teachers and fourteen mar- 
ried women. Some of the individual members have been very 
active in Social Settlement work. 

Delta Alliance 

Delta Alumnae Alliance was organized at Indianola, la., 
Sept. 24, 1901,, by ex-members of Delta Chapter. The meetings 
are held the third Tuesday of each month and consist of business 
and literary or business and social sessions. To each social ses- 
sion four members of the Active Chapter are invited. Here, too. 
Chapter House work is a part of the activity. The Des Moines 
City group, which is gradually organizing, will have as a nu- 
cleus a large proportion of Delta Chapter alumnae. 

Eta Alliance 

Eta Alumnae Alliance was organized June, 1902, in Bur- 
lington, Vt., at the home of Mrs. G. S. Forbes. The members 
petitioning for charter were Annie Sherburne, Eva Jones, Helen 



BETA ALLIANCE — RHO ALLIANCE. 187 

Hendee, Hattie K. Forbes, Edith Smith Simpson, Addle I. Lee 
and Abbie Katherine Leonard. Meetings are held the first Sat- 
urday evening of each month and both musical and literary pro- 
grams are enjoyed as well as social hours. All but one Chapter 
graduate have joined the Alliance since its formation. 

Some philanthropic work is undertaken and the Alliance is 
joining with other college women in working for the formation 
of a local College Club. 

Various lectures have been given under their auspices. A 
printed calendar of their programs for each year is issued. 

Beta Alliance 

Beta Alumnae Alliance was organized at Canton, N. Y., 
June 23, 1903, by ex-members of Beta Chapter. Miss Anna Hol- 
lis of Omicron Alliance, had charge of the Third Degree Ritual 
work. 

This Alliance enrolls about twenty per cent of Chapter 
membership, largely the resident girls. They are actively at 
work on enlarging the fund for the Chapter House, as well as 
assisting in the furnishing of the same. 

Each Commencement Week sees a very enjoyable meeting, 
the re-union of the resident Alliance girls and the out of town 
Circle Degree members. 

Rho Alliance 

Rho Alliance was organized May, 14, 1904, in a class room 
of the Ely School, New York City. Mrs. Chamberlain (Carrie 
Beddoe), of Alpha, was the leading spirit in organization. Mrs. 
Effie Danforth McAfee, of Iota Circle Degree, conducted the 
initiation services. 

Rho Alliance was organized by eight Tri Delta Alumnae 
from several colleges : Carrie Beddoe Chamberlain, Alpha, Effie 
Danforth, Iota, Ella Tobias, Gamma, Marion Ball, Laura Se- 
guine, Mildred Robinson, Rho, Rose Scott, Epsilon, and Irene 
Lewis Bedell, Beta. At the June meeting, the following were 
initiated: Effie Danforth, Ella Tobias, Rose Scott, Irene Lewis 
Bedell, Mildred Robinson, Marion Ball, Sara Shelley, Harriet 
Werts, Anna Waring and Edith Appell. 

To the fourteen initiated at first, each vear has added the 



188 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Rho Chapter graduates, making seventeen in all, at the close of 
1906. 

The Alliance very much desires all Deltas in the vicinity to 
make themselves known and affiliate with them. Meetings third 
Saturday afternoon each month. Siprna Alumnae residents in 
New York City are frequent visitors at Rho Alliance meetings. 

A series of luncheons has been started this year and tf.jse 
attending report great pleasure to themselves and growing en- 
thusiasm for Tri Delta. 

Denver Alliance 

The Denver Alliance was formed May 11, 1905, at Denver, 
Colorado, and was composed at first of one representative each 
of Alpha, Epsilon, Upsilon, and Kappa, and two of Delta. Six 
more members have joined since its organization. 

A recent letter says : "If all Alliances are as successful as 
ours, then are they all greater even than the Active Chapters — 
yea, each as great as the fraternity itself." From this quotation, 
it will be seen how strong an organization, lone representatives 
of widely separated Chapters have been able to form. Most en- 
thusiastic reports of the meetings have been received and with 
true western hospitality they are waiting and watching to wel- 
come each Tri Delta who journeys westward. 

The regular roll call of the Denver Alliance for 1905-6 
was Frances Bayley Packard, Alpha ; Leonora Hedendahl, Epsi- 
lon ; Sallie Fisher Sweet and Daisy Thomas, Upsilon ; Maud 
Hazlett, Kappa; Fern Abbott Richardson, Kappa; Persis 
Heaton and Lillian Newland, Delta, and Annie Lilley, Eta. 
Others from Epsilon, Pi, Upsilon and Mu have met with them at 
various times. Picnics in the park, breakfasts and thimble part- 
ies have alternated with meetings spent in the study of fratern- 
ity topics. 

Los Angeles Alliance 

The Los Angeles Alliance was formed at Los Angeles, Cal- 
ifornia, Oct., 1905, by graduates and ex-members of Pi Chapter 
and members of other Chapters, as follows: Lillian McLaugh- 
/in, Mable Worden Porter, Ethel Egan West, Martha 
Stone Hurd, all of Epsilon, Louise Johnston, K. Courtenay 



MU ALLIANCE — NU ALLIANCE. 189 

Johnston, Florence Dodge, Eleanor Hammack, all of Pi, Georgia 
Suber Bertram, Iota, Jeannette Smith, Delta and Beulah 
Wright, Lambda-Upsilon. 

The meetings are mostly social and are called at such times 
as meet the convenience of the greatest number. 

At Christmas and in June, formal events are given. 

Mu Alliance 

Mu Alliance was formed at Madison, Wis., Dec. 2, 1906, at 
the home of Jessie Nelson Swanson, at the time when the Visit- 
ing Delegate was inspecting Mu Chapter. 

Monthly meetings were tried at first but later it seemed 
better to vary these and to attempt to have some or all of the 
Alliance members present regularly at the Chapter House the 
first Monday evening of each month. 

Those initiated at the first meeting were Theo. B. Pickford, 
'03 ; Gertrude Stillman Sanborn, '99 ; Jessie Nelson Swanson, 
'98 ; Ada Westenhaver Weidman, '99 ; Florence Allen, '00 ; Ruby 
Peck, '04. and Mary Egan, '04; Ethel Redfield Hobbins, '04; 
has since joined. 

While the meetings have been very informal in nature, they 
are nevertheless very earnest, as the Alliance is taking an active 
part in raising funds for the building of a Chapter House for Mu 
Chapter. 

Nu Alliance 

The organization of Nu Alliance was accompanied with 
something more than the usual ceremonies, as on March 29, 
1906, was held a grand reunion of Nu Chapter girls, preparatory 
to the formation of the Alliance on March 30. This day was 
chosen, as it was Chapter Founding Day. 

Former Grand President, Agnes Powers Dunning, of Zeta, 
came to conduct the initiation service and the following girls 
were received: Ethel Herrick Thompson, Mary Joyce Bush, 
Edith Rees, Nan Cannon, Edna Armstrong, Margaret Reeb, 
Olive Shurtz, Frances Peters Bierman, Mima Weaver, Sue Gor- 
man, Fannie Rockwell, Edith Phipps Wood, Florence Held- 
meyer, Blanche Skiles and Helen Mills. 

The service was held at Mrs. Thompson's home, 167 W. 



190 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

10th Ave. A banquet at the Ohio Club followed the initiation 
and on Saturday, March 31, another party was given in honor of 
the three Zeta guests, Mrs. Dunning and Lill Stevens, of Zeta 
Alliance, and Mary Latta, of Zeta Active. Six were initiated 
later. 

Besides their own business and social sessions, held the last 
Saturday of each month, this Alliance has decided to hold four 
joint meetings a year with the active Chapter. 

Kappa Alliance 

Kappa Alliance was organized, in thought at least, on May 
19, 1906, for on that day a group of Kappa Chapter alumnae held 
a meeting and decided upon organization, calling the first formal 
meeting for initiation for the first Friday in June. Twelve resi- 
dent alumnae of Lincoln were ready for the first initiation, more 
joining afterward. Daisy F. Bonnell and Bertha Du Teil, had 
been initiated at Boston by Alpha Alliance and they conducted 
the services, initiating Ellen H. Frankish, Anna L. Vore, Mamie 
Miller, Sophia W. Koehler, Edna M. Gund, Winifred Bonnell, 
Maude Brush, Pearl Powers Fee, Rae Challis, Lynn Brush, 
Katherine Lumry, Alma Vandeveer and Pauline Whitcomb, 
Meetings are held the first Friday of each month. The Alliance 
is planning with the Chapter for the entertaining of the Eighth 
National Convention, 1908. 

Pi Alliance 

Perhaps to say Pi Alliance is somewhat premature as these 
very modest Tri Deltas only call themselves, the Pi Alumnae 
Association of Berkeley, California. In a 1905 letter they say: 
"The object of this Association is to better keep in touch with 
the Active Chapter, aid it in every way we can and after three or 
four years, when more classes have graduated, form a regular 
Alliance. The President and Secretary of this Association send 
to all girls not in college a long, interesting letter at least once a 
month, full of fraternity news. We find the plan a great success 
and shall soon be asking for the Circle Degree." 

Upsilon Alliance 

Upsilon Alumnae Alliance is under formation and promises 



ALLIANCE HISTORIES. 191 

to be very strong as in addition to the Upsilon girls locally resi- 
dent, many other chapters have Chicago representatives, a part 
of whom were prominent in the Chicago Alumnae Alliance. 

Des Moines, Iowa, has a group of girls meeting regularly 
and nearly ready for the Circle Degree. 

Spokane, Washington, will soon add its name to the Alli- 
ance roll as plans are nearly matured there for a regular organi- 
zation. 



SUMMARY 



Thanksgiving, 1906, was the eighteenth birthday of Delta 
Delta Delta. For that time there has been recorded the installa- 
tion of twenty-four Chapters, but one of which has been discon- 
tinued. One other charter was granted but could scarcely have 
been called established, the one at Ames (Iowa State College), 
granted just before the faculty anti-fraternity mandate. 

Of the twenty-three Active Chapters, all report prosperity. 
Ten are located in state universities, eight in well endowed and 
recognized universities, the remaining five in old colleges of good 
collegiate rank wher.e unusual zeal for the work is constantly 
manifested. 

Of the twenty-three Chapters, seven are at present success- 
fully maintaining Chapter houses, Beta, Kappa, Lambda, Omi- 
cron, Mu, Pi and Phi. Delta and Eta have each had a Chapter 
house when the number of out of town members warranted it. 
Iota always occupied a house. Alpha, Gamma, Theta, Sigma, 
Delta plans to have a house again next year. Upsilon, 
Xi, Rho, Psi, Alpha Xi and Eta have well furnished 
Chapter halls for their meetings. Such is the custom of their 
rival sororities. Most of these have maintained these halls from 
the first year of their history. Chi anticipates having a Chapter 
hall soon, Tau meets in the woman's dormitory according to the 
rules of the college. The remaining three chapters, Zeta, Epsi- 
lon, and Nu meet in the homes of the members as is the custom 
of the sororities in their schools. 

Sixteen Alumnae Alliances have been formed, fourteen so 
situated as to be working in active co-operation with their 
Chapters. A half dozen other groups are in various stages of 
organization. 

The general fraternity reports seven National Conventions, 
with an attendance of 175 at the last one,, five Alumnae Alliance 
sessions, three successful Province conventions in each of its three- 
Provinces, a fourth voluntary convention in Beta Province, and 
representation and co-operation in every inter-sorority conven- 
tion or conference. It also reports the establishment of a well 

(192) 



SUMMARY. 193 

organized Alumnae Alliance section and of systematized fraternity 
examinations, conducted annually since 1898. Charters, initiation 
certificates, cuts, seals, badges, flags, pennants and other para- 
phernalia have all received due attention. Ritual work for the 
three degrees, installation services and constitutions have re- 
ceived the attention of each convention. 

In publications, Delta Delta Delta stands easily first in ac- 
complishment for its age, as the fraternity is on the sixteenth vol- 
ume of the Trident, the second volume of the Triton and has 
issued five constitutions and nine directories, with a complete 
catalogue going to press. There was issued in November, 1905, 
a song book and early in 1907 is the publication of the history. 
The establishment this year of a comprehensive system of 
Chapter records and reports ensures for the next history issued 
unusual completeness and accuracy. A finance system has been 
devised for the purpose of defraying the expenses of the fratern- 
ity at large, productive of no deficits, and which, while it places 
no unfair burdens upon any Chapter, yet ensures representation 
to all at each convention. The income has been large enough to 
make possible steady advance in business methods. But one 
deficit has ever been shown in the biennial balances and that a 
small one. The magazine is more than self-supporting, provid- 
ing a small salary for the editor. 

Ninth in date of establishment and seventh in date of rec- 
ognition as a national sorority, Tri Delta now stands a close 
fourth in length of the active Chapter list with the average rank 
of the schools in that list second to none. It was the first Greek 
letter society to make provisions in its original constitution and 
Ritual work for an Alumnae Alliance Section, doing so upon 
organization (1888). It was the fourth to establish an Alumnae 
Chapter or Alliance (1892), maintaining those established con- 
tinuously and it now ranks third in number of such organizations. 
But one Alliance has ever suspended its sessions and that is now 
revived. There has been a loss of but one Chapter, Iota, that one 
having been installed in earlier days with too little investigation 
of local conditions. 

From two solitary seniors, far away on the Atlantic coast, 
for an Alpha Chapter of a new sorority, on Nov. 28, 1888, 
there has been an advance to an organization consisting of 
twenty- three chapters located in north and south and east and 



194 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

west, all joining in the celebration of Founders' Day, Novem- 
ber, 1906. 

With a loyalty pledged by single, double and triple rites, 
over fifteen hundred initiates now answe • to the national roll call 

of DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



STATISTICAL 



National Conventions of Delta Delta Delta 

I. 1893. May 24-26. Entertained by Epsilon Chapter, Knox Col- 
lege, Galesburg, 111. 

II. 1894. October 17-19. Entertained by Beta Chapter, St. Law- 
rence University, Canton, N. Y. 

III. 1897. August 24-26. Entertained by Theta Chapter, Univer- 
sity of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn. 

IV. 1900. June 26-29 Entertained by Zeta Chapter, University of 
Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

V. 1902. June 26-July 1. Entertained by Alpha Chapter, Boston 
University, Boston, Mass. 

VI. 1904. June 20-25. Entertained by Epsilon Chapter, Knox Col- 
lege, Galesburg, 111. 

VII. 1906. June 25-29. Entertained by Omicron Chapter, Syra- 
cuse University, Syracuse, N. Y. 

N. B. — Prior to the first National Convention, a conference was 
held in Boston between delegates of Alpha, Gamma and Delta Chapters, 
April 20, 1891. 

Province Conventions 

Alpha Province. 

First Convention with Alpha Chapter, Boston, Mass., Oct. 30-Nov. 
1, 1895. 

Second Convention with Beta Chapter, Canton, N. Y., Nov. 27-29, 
1898. 

Third Convention with Eta Chapter, Burlington, Vt., Nov. 29-Dec. 
1, 1899. 

Beta Province. 

First Convention with Iota Chapter, Ann Arbor, Mich., Oct. 31, 1895. 
Second Convention with Epsilon Chapter, Galesburg, 111., Sept. 6-6, 
1898. 

Third Convention with Gamma Chapter, Adrian, Mich., Oct. 13-14, 
1899. 

Fourth Convention with Upsilon Chapter, Evanston, 111., Dec. 8-9, 
1905. 

Gamma Province. 

First Convention with Delta Chapter, Indianola, la., Nov. 22, 1895. 

Second Convention with Kappa Chapter, Lincoln, Neb., Aug. 30-Sept. 
1, 1898. 

Third Convention with Lambda Chapter, Baldwin, Kan., Nov. 29, 
1899. 

(195) 



196 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Alumnae Alliance Sessions 

First Alumnae Alliance Session held with Second Beta Province Con- 
vention, Galesburg, 111., Sept. 5, 1898. 

Second Alumnae Alliance Session held with Fourth National Con- 
vention, Cincinnati, Ohio, June 25, 1900. 

Third Alumnae Alliance Session held with Fifth National Convention 
Boston, Mass., June 26, 1902. 

Fourth Alumnae Alliance Session held with Sixth National Con- 
vention, Galesburg, 111., June 20, 1904. 

Fifth Alumnae Alliance Session held with Seventh National Con- 
vention, Syracuse, N. Y., June 26, 1906. 

Grand Councils of Delta Delta Delta 

1888-1893. 
Government by Alpha Chapter of Boston University and Grand Trustees. 

Grand President — Sarah Ida Shaw. 
Grand Vice President — Eleanor Dorcas Pond. 
Grand Secretary — Florence Isabelle Stewart. 
Grand Treasurer — Isabel Morgan Breed. 

1893-1894. 

Convention I. Galesburg, 111. 

Grand President — Almedia Laurson, Epsilon. 

Grand Vice President — Bessie M. Leach, Gamma. 

Grand Secretary — Charlotte E. Joslin, Alpha. 

Grand Treasurer — Estella Trueblood, Delta. 

Grand Commissioner of Education — Sarah Ida Shaw, Alpha. 

1894-1897. 

Convention II. Canton, N. Y. 

Grand President — Dr. Caroline Edgar, Theta. 

Grand Vice President — Martha L. Eveleth, Alpha. 

Grand Secretary — Charlotte E. Joslin, Alpha. 

Grand Treasurer — Edith Wait, Beta. 

Grand Commissioner of Education — Sarah Ida Shaw, Alpha. 

Editor of the Trident — Emily F. Allen, Alpha. 

1897-1900. 

Convention III. Minneapolis, Minn. 

Grand President — Agnes R. Powers Zeta. 

Grand Vice President, Alpha Province, Annie Laurie Sherburne, 
Eta. 

Grand Vice President, Beta Province, Elizabeth Gibbs, Gamma. 

Grand Vice President — Gamma Province, Dora Clementine Mark- 
ham, Lambda. 

Grand Secretary — Harriet Stone, Epsilon. 

Grand Treasurer — Mary A. McKay, Sigma. 

Grand Marshal — Ellen Huntington Frankish, Kappa. 

Grand Historian — Sarah Ida Shaw Martin, Alpha 

Editor of the Trident— Emily F. Allen, Alpha. 




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(Editor Trident, 1891-1900.) 









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Grand Historian at Work on AAA History. 



GRAND COUNCIL MEMBERS. 197 

1900-1902. 
Convention IV. Cincinnati, O. 

Grand President — Sara Bartlett Hayes, Alpha. 

Grand Secretary — Elizabeth Tumbleson, .Xi. 

Grand Treasurer — Ivy Kellerman, Nit. 

Grand Marshal — Anna L. T. Vore, Kappa. 

Grand Historian — Lela M. Klampe, fheta. 

Editor of the Trident — Julia E. Closterman, Zeta. 

Grand Vice President— Alpha Province, Sarah Tucker Kurt, Sigma. 

Grand Vice President — Beta Province, Effie Lynch Danforth, Iota. 

Grand Vice President — Gamma Province, Estella Trueblood, Delta. 

1902-1904. 

Convention V. Boston, Mass. 

Grand President— Sara Bartlett Hayes, Alpha. 
Grand Secretary — Elizabeth Tumbleson, Xi. 

1 Grand Treasurer — Mae Stevenson, Epsilon. 
Grand Marshal — Annie L. Dyar, Upsilon. 
Grand Historian — Bessie Leach Priddy, Gamma. 

2 Editor of the Trident — Julia E. Closterman, Zeta. 

Grand Vice President — Alpha Province, Carolyn Spencer, Omicron. 
Grand Vice President — Beta Province — Clara L. Stillman, Mu. 
Grand Vice President — Gamma Province — Louise Robinson Rhodes* 
Theta. 

1904-1906. 

Convention VI. Galesburg, 111. 

Grand President— Elizabeth Tumblefeon Lentscher, Xi. 

Grand Secretary — Amy Olgen, Upsilon. 

Grand Treasurer — Merle Pickford, Mu. 

Grand Marshal — Edna Wharton Hoch, Lambda. 

Grand Historian — Bessie Leach Priddy, Gamma. 

3 Editor of the Trident — E. Anna Harrison, Xi. 

Grand Vice President — Alpha Province, Carolyn Spencer, Omicron. 
Grand Vice President — Beta Province, R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon. 
Grand Vice President — Gamma Province, K. Courtenay Johnston, Pi. 

N.B. — The Grand President, Mrs. Leutscher, appointed R. Louise 
Fitch, Epsilon, Visiting Delegate for 1904-1906, and Katherine Ratterman, 
Zeta, as Alliance Officer. 

1906-1908. 

Convention VII. Syracuse, N. Y. 

Grand President — Amy H. Olgen, Upsilon. 
Grand Secretary — Marion E. P. Bali. Rho. 
Grand Treasurer — Merle Pickford, Mu. 
Grand Historian — Bessie Leach Priddy, Gamma. 



1 Miss Mae Stevenson resigned immediately and Lucy Osborne Searle, Sigma, 
was elected as Treasurer by Grand Council. 

2 Upon the resignation of Miss Closterman as Editor of the Trident, Miss E. 
Anna Harrison, of Xi Chapter, was elected by the Grand Council to fill vacancy. 

Upon the resignation of Miss Harrison as Editor of the Trident, Sept. 22, 
1905, her assistant editor, Mary Taylor Abercrombie, Xi, became Editor-in-Chief Jan. 
21, 1905, and edited three numbers. Upon the resignation of Miss Abercrombie, the 
Grand Council elected R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon, Editor of the Trident, Sept. 15, 
1905, and Irene Olson, Epsilon, was shortly afterward elected to fill the vacancy thus 
created in the Vice Presidency of Beta Province. 



198 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

1 Grand Marshal — Edna Wharton Hoch, Lambda. 

Alliance Officer — Katherine Ratterman, Zeta. 

Editor of the Trident — R. Louise Fitch, Epsilon. 

Grand Vice President — Alpha Province, Christine Jansson Howard, 

Alpha. 
Grand Vice President — Beta Province, Myra C. Powers, Upsilon. 
Grand Vice President — Gamma Province, Louise Robinson Rhodes, 

Theta. 

Chronological Outline 

1888 — Thanksgiving Eve, Nov. 28 — Alpha Chapter founded at Boston 

University. 

1889 — Jan. 15 — Initiation of complete Alpha Chapter of eighteen at Boston 
University. 
Apr. 19 — Delta (Deuteron) Chapter installed in Simpson College, 
Indianola, Iowa. 

Charter granted Delta, Iowa State Agricultural College, 
Ames, Iowa. 
July 9 — Epsilon Charter granted, Knox College, Galesburg, 111. 
Aug. and Nov. — Epsilon installed in Knox College, Galesburg, 111. 
1890 — Feb. 22 — Gamma Chapter installed in Adrian College, Adrian, Mich. 

April 16-17 — Represented in Woman's First Pan-Hellenic Con- 
vention, Boston, Mass. 

June — Delta Chapter charter members, initiated, Iowa State Col- 
lege, Ames, Iowa. 

1891 — April 20 — First Inter-Chapter Conference of Tri Delta, Boston, 
Mass. 

April 20 — Trident established, Emily F. Allen elected Editor-in- 
Chief; Alpha Chapter, Business Manager. 

November — Trident, Vol I, No. 1. 

Dec. 24 — Beta Chapter installed in St. Lawrence University, Can- 
ton, N. Y. 

1892 — May 23 — Zeta Chanter installed in University of Cincinnati, Cin- 
cinnati, O. 
Aug. 29 — Alpha Alumnae Alliance organized, Boston, Mass. 

1893 — Feb. 27 — Eta Chapter installed in University of Vermont, Burling- 
ton. Vt. 

May 24-26 — First National Convention, Galesburg, 111. 

May 25 — Charter to Delta Chapter declared null. List of initiates 
affiliated with Delta (Deuteron). 

July 19 — Represented in World's Fair Pan-Hellenic Congress, Chi- 
cago, 111. 

1894 — Feb. 21 — Theta Chapter installed in University of Minnesota, Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 

First Annual Directory published by Charlotte E. Joslin, 
Grand Secretary. 
Oct. 17-19 — Second National Convention, Canton, N. Y. 



1 The Grand President has appointed Harriet Sterling, Lambda, Assistant Grand 
■ Marshal, on account of the heavy labor involved in bringing out the complete catalogue 
of the sorority ordered by the Seventh Convention. 



CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINE. 199 

Nov. 1 — Iota Chapter installed in University of Michigan, ruin Ar- 
bor, Mich. 

Nov. 28 — Kappa Chapter installed in University of Nebraska, Lin- 
coln, Neb. 

1895 — March 12 — Lambda Chapter installed in Baker University, Baldwin, 
Kan. 

March 15 — Sigma Chapter installed in Wesleyan University, Mid- 
dletown, Conn. 

June 1 — Upsilon Chapter installed in Northwestern University, 
Evanston, 111. 

Oct. 30-31 — Omicron Chapter installed in Syracuse University, 
Syracuse, N. Y. 

Oct. 30-Nov. 1 — First Alpha Province Convention, Boston, Mass. 

Oct. 31— First Beta Province Convention, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Nov. 28 — First Gamma Province Convention, Indianola, Iowa. 
1896 — March 2 — Epsilon Alliance organized, Galesburg, 111. 

March 30 — Nu Chapter installed in Ohio State University, Colum- 
bus, O. 

1897 — May 15 — Chicago Alliance organized, Chicago, 111. 

Aug. 24-26 — Third National Convention, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Aug. 25 — Delta (Deuteron) officially named Delta Chapter. 

Sept. 2 — Zeta Alliance organized, Cincinnati, O. 
1898 — Jan. 8 — Gamma Alliance organized, Adrian, Mich. 

April 1 — Mu Chapter installed in University of Wisconsin, Madi- 
son, Wis. 

June 28 — Sigma Alliance organized, Middletown, Conn. 

Aug. 30-Sept. 1 — Second Gamma Province Convention, Lincoln, 
Neb. 

Sept. 6-8 — First Alumnae Alliance Session, Galesburg, 111. 

Sept. 6-8 — Second Beta Province Convention, Galesburg, 111. 

Sept. 27-29 — Second Alpha Province Convention, Canton, N. Y. 

Nov. 25 — Xi Chapter installed in Baltimore Woman's College Bal- 
timore, Md. 

1899— Oct. 13-14 — Third Beta Province Convention, Adrian, Mich. 

Nov. 29-Dec. 1 — Third Alpha Province Convention, Burlington, Vt. 
Nov. 29 — Third Gamma Province Convention, Baldwin, Kan. 

1900 — April 14 — Pi Chapter installed in University of California, Berkeley, 
Cat 
June 26-29 — Fourth National Convention. Second Alumnae Alli- 
ance Session, Cincinnati, O. ' 
June 28-29 — Iota Charter surrendered. Iota Circle Degree estab- 
lished. 
Oct. 27 — Omicron Alliance organized, Syracuse, N. Y. 
1901 — May 18 — Theta Alliance organized, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Oct. 28 — Delta Alliance organized, Indianola, Iowa. 
1902— May 24— Represented in First Inter-Sorority Conference, Chicago, 
111. 
June — Eta Alliance organized, Burlington, Vt. 

June 26-July 1— Fifth National Convention. Third Alumnae Alli- 
ance Session, Boston, Mass. 



200 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

1903 — June 6 — Rho Chapter installed at Barnard College, Columbia Uni- 
versity, New York, N. Y. 
June 23 — Beta Alliance organized, Canton, N. Y. 

September — Represented in Second Inter-Sorority Conference, St. 
Louis, Mo. 

1904 — May 20 — Tau Chapter installed in Bucknell University. Lewis- 
burg, Pa. 

June 20-25 — Sixth National Convention. Fourth Alumnae Alliance 
Session, Galesburg, 111. 

Charters granted : Phi Chapter, University of Iowa ; 
Chi Chapter, University of Mississippi ; Psi Chapter, 
University of Pennsylvania. 
June — Rho Alliance organized, New York city. 
Sept. 16-17 — Represented in Third Inter-Sorority Conference, Chi- 
cago, 111. 
Sept. 22 — Chi Chapter installed in University of Mississippi, Ox- 
ford, Miss. 
Sept. 27 — Phi Chapter installed in University of Iowa, Iowa City, 

Iowa. 
Sept. 30 — Psi Chapter installed in University of Pennsylvania, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

1905 — Pi Alumnae Association organized preparatory to Alliance, Berk- 
eley, Cal. 

May 11 — Denver Alliance organized, Denver, Colo. 

Sept. 15 — Represented in Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference, Chica- 
go, 111. Conference called and presided over by Delta 
Delta Delta. 

October — Los Angeles Alliance organized, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Oct. 19— First Song Book. 

Nov. 29 — Alpha Xi Chapter installed in Randolph-Macon Woman's 
College, Lynchburg, Va. 

Dec. 8-9 — Fourth Beta Province Convention, Evanston, 111. 
1906 — Jan 2 — Mu Alliance organized, Madison, Wis. 

March 30 — Nu Alliance organized, Columbus, O. 

May 19 — Kappa Alliance organized, Lincoln, Neb. 

June 25-30 — Seventh National Convention. Fifth Alumnae Alliance 
Session, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Sept. 14 — Represented in Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference, Chicago, 
111. 

September — Vol. I, No. 1 of Private Bulletin issued, named "The 
Triton." 

1907 — Jan. 7 — First complete history of Delta Delta Delta. 

Biographical Notes 

An alphabetical list of Alpha's founders and first members 
and of all the Grand Officers of Delta Delta Delta, with what 
biographical data it has been possible to gather. 

Special abbreviations: Born, B; Graduated, Grad; High School, H S; Latin 
School, L S; Married, M; Charter Member, C M. The date immediately after each 
name is the date of initiation into Delta Delta Delta. 




Sara (Bartlett) Hayes, A, 
(Grand President, 1900-1904.) 




Lela M. Klampe, O. 
(Grand Hist. 1900-1902.) 



Ivy Keller man., n. 
(Grand Treas. 1900-1902.) 




Elizabeth Tumbleson, S. 
(Grand Sec'y, 1900-1904.) 



Bessie (Leach) Priddy., r. 
(Grand Historian, 1902-1908.) 




Annie L. Dyar, T. 
(Grand Marshal, 1902-1904.) 



Clara F. Stillman_, M. 
(G. V. P. Beta, 1900-1902.) 




Lucy O. Searle, 2. 
(Grand Treas. 1902-1904.) 



Julia Clcsterman, Z. 
(Editor Trident, 1900-1903.) 




Carolyn Spencer, 0. 
<G. V. P. Alpha, 1902-1906.) 



Louise (Robinson) Rhodes, 6. 
(G. V. P. Gamma, 1902-1904.) 




Effie Lynch Danforth, I. Estella Trueblood, A, 

(G. V. P. Beta, 1900-1902.) (G. V. P. Gamma, 1900-1902.) 

Sarah (Tucker) Kurt, H. 

(G. V. P. Alpha, 1900-1902.) 




Elizabeth (Tumbleson) Luetscher, 
(Grand President, 1904-1906.) 




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Bessie (Leach) Priddy, T. 
(Grand Historian. 1902-1908.) 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 201 

Abercrombie, Mary Taylor, S, (June 2, 1900). B. Dec. 26, 1830, 
Baltimore; Grad. H. S. Western, 1899; degree A. B. Woman's College of 
Baltimore, 1903. Editor Trident, 1905. 

Allen, Emily Frances, A, (Jan. 15, 1839). B. North Providence, 
R. I. ; Grad. Miss Pierce's Young Ladies' School, Providence ; degree Ph. 
B., Boston University, 1891. Journalistic work and proof reading; Edi- 
tor of Trident, 1891-1900; fifth signature on Alpha Constitution. 

Badger, Della Alice (Mrs. Edward S. Peyton), A, (Jan. 15, 1889) 
Degree A. B., 1892, Boston University ; fourteenth signature on Alpha 
Constitution. 

Ball, Marion E. P., P„ (C. M.) B. Oct. 19, 1883, Amsterdam, N. 
Y. ; Grad. Johnstown, N. Y., H. S. ; degree Barnard College of C. U., 
1902. 

Bartlett, Sara M. (Mrs. Alfred S. Hayes), A, (Nov.,- 1892). B. 
June 25, 1873, Rockland, Mass.; Grad. H. S. 1891; degree A. B., Boston 
University, 1896 ; teacher in Revere Public Schools ; first assistant Frye 
Private School; M. June 8, 1899, husband lawver; Grand President, 1900- 
1904. 

Breed, Isabel Morgan, A, (Jan. 15, 1889). B. Aup- « 1«67, Lynn, 
Mass. ; Grad. Lynn H. S., 1885 ; degree A. B., Boston University, 1889 ; 
teacher in Randolph H. S., 1890-1901 ; fourth signature on Alpha Consti- 
tution. 

Burditt, Myrtle May, A, (Jan. 15, 1889) ; degree Boston Univer- 
sity. 1892 ; fifteenth signature on Alpha Constitution. 

Budd, Etta May, A, (March 7, 1889), A; degree B. S., Iowa State 
College, 1882; P. G., Boston, 1888-89; teacher of Art. Iowa State Col- 
lege, 18P9-90 ; member faculty Simpson College, 1891 ; founder of A and 
Delta Deuteron Chapter of A A A. 

Brackett, Bertha, A, (Jan. 15, 1889). Ex.-'91 ; tenth signature on 
Alpha Constitution. 

Carter, Mattie Ora (Mrs. Geo. B. Pratt), A, (Jan. 5, 1839). Ex- 
'91 ; eighth signature on Alpha Constitution. 

Centre, Hannah Josephine (Mrs. Hayward), A, (Jan. 15, 1889). 
Ex-'92 ; sixteenth signature on Alpha Constitution. 

Clough, Emily Stickney (Mrs. Harry E. Peabody), A, (Jan. 15. 
1889); degree Ph. B., Boston University, 1891; seventeenth signature on 
Alpha Constitution. 

Closterman, Julia E. (Mrs. Frank E. Kugler), Z, (1894). B. 
March 22, 1877, Cincinnati; Grad. Hughes H. S., 1894; degree A. B„ U. 
of Cincinnati, 1898; Editor Trident, 1900-1903; M. Nov. 4, 1903; hus- 
band, physician. 

Danforth, Effie Lynch (Mrs. Jas. Renwick McAfee), I, (C. M.) 
B. Oct. 24, 1872, Butterworth Station, O. ; Grad. Ann Arbor, Mich., H. 
S., 1893 ; Ph. B. degree, Univ. of Michigan ; teacher Private School, New 
York City; Grand Vice President Beta Province, 1900-1902; P. G. New 
York Univ., 1900, also in Columbia; student in Rome. Italv. 1903; M. 
June 21, 1905 ; husband, steel manufacturer. 

Dyar, Annie L., T. B. Oct. 11, 1877, Eyota, Minn. ; Grad. Winona, 
H. S., 1897 ; B. L. degree, Northwestern Univ., 1901, also * B K, M. A., 
1905. Columbia Univ. ; Grand Marshal, 1902-1904 ; teacher Winona, Minn., 
H. S. 

Edgar, Caroline (Mrs. Chas Erdman), 9, (C. M.) B. Nov. 24, 
1871, Sauk Centre, Minn. ; Grad. Sauk Centre H. S., 1889 ; degree, Univ. 
of Minneapolis, M. D., 1894; M. Nov. 30, 1896; husband, dentist; Grand 
President, 1894-1)397. 

Emerson, Margaret E. (Mrs. C. P. Holway), A, (Jan. 15, 1889) ; 
Ex-'91; died March 3, 1906, Chicago, 111; ninth signature on Alpha Con- 
stitution. 



202 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Eveleth, Martha L., A. B. Feb. 26, 1870, Durham, Me.; Grad. 
Portland, Me., H. S., 1890; degree A. B. Boston Univ., 1894; teacher 
Modern Languages ; student abroad ; Grand Vice President, 1894-1897. 

Fitch, Rachel Louise, E,, (Nov. 3, 1899). B. Sept. 27, 1878, Galva, 
III. ; Grad. Galva H. S. June 6, 1895 ; A. B. degree, Knox College, June 
12, 1902 ; college course of eight semesters completed in five and one- 
half semesters with 12 honors and college elective positions ; teacher 
1897-99 and 1902-3; assistant editor Galve News, 1903-5; editor-in-chief 
and business manager Galva News, 1906-7 ; vice president Military Tract 
Press Assn. (111.), 1907; Grand Vice President Beta Province, 1904; 
Visiting Delegate, 1905 ; Editor of Trident since 1905. 

Frankish, Ellen Huntington, K, (C. M.) B. Oct. 18, 1874'; 
Centerville, Michigan ; Grad. Kalamazoo, Mich., H. S., 1892 ; degree 
A. B., Univ. of Nebraska, 1897; teacher of Mathematics : Western Re- 
serve Univ., 1898-99, Saginaw, Mich., 1899-00; Grand Marshal, 1897-1900; 
Fellowship Univ. of Nebraska, 1900-03 (Math.) ; teacher of Mathematics 
at Lincoln Academy, 1903 — . 

Gallison, Grace Butler, A, (Jan. 15, 1889). degree A. B., Bos- 
ton University., 1892 ; eighteenth signature on Alpha Constitution. 

Gibbs, Elizabeth (Mrs. O. L. Palmer) r, (1891). B. June 8. 1872, 
at Mason City, Iowa. ; Grad. June 20, 1893, Adrian College, Adrian, 
Mich. ; degree Ph. B., Adrian College, A. B., A. M. ; teacher German and 
Greek, Adrian College ; M. Sept. 9, 1897 : husband professor of Mathe- 
matics ; Grand Vice President, 1897-1900. 

Harrison, E. Anna, S, (C. M.) degree A. B., Woman's College, 
Baltimorq 1899; editor Trident, 1903-1905. 

Jansson, Christine (Mrs. Alonzo Gale Howard), A, (Nov. 22, 
1889). B. Jan. 24, 1871, Boston, Mass. ; Grad. Somerville H. S., 1889; 
degree, Boston University, 1893 ; teacher in H. S. of Laconia, N. H., and 
Gloucester, Mass., six years; M. Sept. 14, 1899; husband, physican. 

Johnston K. Courtenay, n, (C. M.) April 14, 1900; degree, 
University of California, 1901 ; teacher English, Ventura H. S., 1901-3 ; 
Gardena H. S., 1903-5; Los Angeles, 1905 — ; Grand Vice President, 
Gamma Province, 1904-1906. 

Joslin, Charlotte E., A, (Jan. 15, 1889). B. June 3, Chelsea, Mass.; 
Grad. Chelsea H. S., 1888; 1^92, degree A. B., Boston University, A. M., 
1899; teacher Peace Dale, R. I.; foreign travel, 1900; 1900-'01 student 
Oxford, England ; secretary R. I. Com. Int. Inst. ; Grand Secretary, 1894- 
1897 ; nineteenth signature on Alpha Constitution ; compiled first four 
directories of A A A ; teacher English, Woonsocket, R. I., H. S. ; conducts 
teachers' party to British Isles, summers. 

Kellerman, Ivy, N, (C. M.) B. July 8^ 1877, Oshkosh, Wis.; Grad. 
Columbus, O., H. S. ; degree A. B., Ohio State Univ., 1898, also * B K, 
M. A., Cornell 1899; Ph. D., Chicago, 1904 (Magna cum Laude) ; student 
Royal University of Berlin, 1906-7 ; Grand Treasurer, 1900-02 ; teacher. 
Grinnell College, Iowa, 1907. 

Klampe, Lela M., ©, (C. M.) B. 1868, Dodtre f******, Minn.; 
Grad. Dodge Centre H. S., 1883, Winona Normal, ia^6; student Univ. of 
Minn. '84, '95, '96 ; teacher of German, South High School, Minneapolis, 
since 1891; Grand Historian, 1902-1904. 

Laurson, Almedia (Mrs. Alvah Firman Wingert). E, (C. M.) B. 
May 24, 1870, Oneida, 111.; degree A. B, Knox College, 1893; M. June 
27, 1895; husband, attorney; Grand President, 1893-1894. 

Leach, Bessie M. (Mrs. Frank E. Priddv), r, (C. M.) B. Jan. 
19, 1871, Belvidere, 111. ; Grad. N. Belvidere H. S., June 17, 1887 ; teacher 
H187-88; degree Ph. B., Adrian College, 1891; Prin. Capron, 111., Public 
Schools, 1891-1893; M. Aug. 15, 1893; husband, attorney; teacher Ger- 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 203 

man, Adrian College, 1900-1901 ; Treasurer Michigan State Fed. Woman's 
Clubs, 1898-1900 ; A A A delegate to First Pan-Hellenic and World's Fair 
Congress; presiding officer First National Convention of A A A; Grand 
Vice President, 1893-1897; Grand Historian, 1902-1908. 

Markham, Dora Clementine (Mrs. Herbert Anthony Clark), A, 
(C. M.) B. Sept. 13, 1875, West Salem, O. ; Grad. Baker Academy, Bald- 
win, Kan., 1892; degree A. B.. Baker University, 1896; Asst. in Latin, 
Baker Univ., 1895-96, P. G., Baker Univ., 1396-97; Prin. Osage City, 
Kan., H. S., 1898-1902; M. June 12, 1902; husband, teacher Science Dept., 
Syracuse Univ. ; Grand Vice President Gamma Province, 1897-1900. 

McKay, Mary A. (Mrs. Roscoe E. Laubach), (C. M.), 2. B June 
24, 1872, Camden,, Me.; Grad. Camden H. S., 1890, East Maine Conf. 
Seminary. 1892 ; degree A. B, Wesleyan Univ., 1896, and *BK. Teacher, 
Camden, Me., 1896-7 ; supervisor and Language teacher, E. Maine Sem- 
inary, 1898-1901 ; matron, New Orleans Univ., 1903-1907 ; M. Aug. 25, 
1906 ; husband, teacher of Science, New Orleans Univ. ; Grand Treasurer, 
1897-1900. 

MacNeil, Hattie Clinton, A, (Jan. 15, 1889). Ex.-'91 ; sixth sig- 
nature on Alpha Constitution. 

Norris, Marion Katherine (Mrs. Cyrus E. Pierce), A, (Jan. 18. 
1889). Degree A. B., Boston Univ., 1891; student abroad; twelfth signa- 
ture on Alpha Constitution. 

Olgen, Amy (Mrs. Egbert Nelson Parmelee) T, (March 26, 1901). 
B. Chicago, 111., Feb. 1, 1882; Grad. Lake View H. S., 1900; degree 

A. B, Northwestern Univ., 1904, also * B K; College General Secretary 
Y. W. C. A., 1904-6; M. Sept. 12, 1906; (husband Univ. of Minn., B. S., 

1901, Wash. S. U. A. M., 1905) ; delegate to three Inter-Sorority Con- 
ferences, (3, 4, and 5) ; Secretary of third, Chairman o,f fourth ; 
Grand Secretary, 1904-1906; Grand President, 1906-1908; settlement work- 
in Chicago. 

Olson, Irene, E. B. July 31. 1883. Galesburg, 111.; Grad. Galesburg 
H. S.. 1900; A. B. degree 1905, Knox College; Grand Vice President, 
Beta Province, 1905-6 ; teacher, Galesburg.; 111. 

Partridge, Mabel (Mrs. Geo. A. Green), A, (Jan. 15, 1889). Ex- 
'91 ; thirteenth signature on Alpha Constitution. 

Pickford, Merle Sears. M, B. Aug. 10, 1879, Monticello, Wis. ; 
Grad. Monroe H. S., 1897 ; degree, University of Wis., 1902, B. L., also 
* B K and special thesis honors ; teacher of Ancient History, Eau Claire 
H. S. ; Grand Treasurer, 1904-1908. 

Pond, Eleanor Dorcas (Mrs. Arthur S. Mann), A, (Nov. 28, 1888). 

B. 1867, Franklin, Mass.; Grad. Medway, Mass., H. S., 1885; degree A. 
B., Boston Univ., 1889 ; teacher Latin and Science, Webster and Salem, 
Mass., Ifi89-1893 ; degree M. D., Tuft's Medical College, 1896 ; first girl 
appointed class speaker for Med. Dept. at Tufts; M. 1896, (husband of 
Boston Tech. 1896-7) ; post graduate work and practice of medicine in 
Chicago ; assistant and medical lecturer, Chicago Post Graduate School ; 
1897-1901, medical practitioner and assistant .and lecturer Woman's Med- 
ical School. New York City ; 1901-02, private patient, Liberty, N. Y. ; 

1902, Mr. Mann's business called them to Sidney, Australia, could not 
practice under foreign laws, taught in private high school, also medical 
lecturer ; 1903, returned to America ; resides in Schenectady, N. Y. ; 
medical practitioner, 1905-06; president Woman's College Club; 1906-7, 
Philanthropic Dept. Woman's Club ; an originator and founder of A A A ; 
second signature on Alpha Constitution. 

Powers, Agnes R. (Mrs. Smith Gardner Dunning), Z. B. Jan. 7, 
1873, Cincinnati, O. ; Grad. Hughes H. S.„ 1891; degree A. B., Univ. of 
Cincinnati, 1895; Principal Terrace Park H. S.. 1895-99; M. June 29, 
1899; husband, clergyman; Grand President, 1900-1902. 



204 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Powers, Myra C, T. B. May 11, 1884, Chicago, 111.; Grad. Lake 
View H. S., 1902 ; degree, Northwestern Univ., 1906 ; teacher Morris, 111., 
1906-7; Grand Vice President, 1906-8. 

Ratterman, Katharine, Z, B. Nov. 25, 1876, Cincinnati, O. ; Grad. 
1895, Cincinnati H. S. ; degree A. B., Cincinnati Univ., 1898 and * B K; 
Alliance officer, 1905-6-8. 

Robinson, Louise (Mrs. John Edgar Rhodes). (C. M.) B. Aug. 
28, 1872, Stowe, Vt. ; degree, B. L., University of Minnesota, 1892 ; Jour- 
nalist, newspapers, Munsey, McClure, etc. ; M. Nov. 9, 1898 ; husband, 
Secretary N. Pine Association ; Grand Vice President, 1902-4, 1906-8 ; 
charge of Sewing School, Unity House Social Settlement Work. 

Rich, Alice Elizabeth, A, (Jan. 15, 1889). Eleventh signature on 
Alpha Constitution. 

Searle, Lucy Osborne, 2, (C. M.) B. July 31, 1871, Niles, Mich.; 
Grad. Everett Home School, 1890; degree, Ph. B., Wesleyan Univ., 1896 
and * B K; Grad. Brookline Normal 1899; teacher Everett-Brookline- 
Waban, Mass. ; preceptress Kimball Union Academy ; Grand Treasurer, 
1902-04; winter of 1896-7 spent in Argentine, S. America. 

Shaw, Sara Ida (Mrs. William Holmes Martini. A. (Nov. 28, 
1888). B. 1867, St. Louis, Mo.; Grad. B. G. H. S., 1882; B. G. L. S., 
1885 ; degree A. B., Boston University, 1889 ; teacher, Medway, Mass., 
Meriden, Conn., Fort Plain, N. Y., Greek and German ; M. Dec. 24, 1896, 
Boston; (husband teacher); author "The Sorority Hand-Book;" First 
Grand President, 1888-1T.93 ; Com. Education, 1893-1897; First Grand 
Historian, 1897-1902; an originator and founder of A A A; first signature 
on Alpha Constitution. Mrs. Martin comes of a family on the mother's 
side connected for many generations with Trinity College, England, and 
her father's people have been active as leeislators and soldiers since be- 
fore the Revolution. 

Sherburne, Annie Laurie, H, (C. M.) B. March 24, 1875, North 
Pomfret, Mass.; Grad. Woodstock, Vt, H. S., 1891; degree A. B, Univ. 
of Vermont, 1897 ; * B K also ; Grand Vice President Alpha Province 
1897-1900; teacher Greek and Latin. 

Spencer, Carolyn N., O, (C. M.) 1898. B. April 7, 1871, Coventry. 
N. Y.; Grad. Greene, N. Y. H. S., 1889; teacher Norwich, N. Y, H. S., 
1897 ; degree A. B., Syracuse University, 1901 ; teacher Latin and Greek 
Norwich, N. Y., Glen Cove, L. L; Grand Vice President Alpha Prov 
ince, 1902-1906. 

Stillman, Clara L. (Mrs. Rudoloh B. Hartman), M, (April 1, 
1898). B. March 11, 1878, Manistee, Mich; Pupil Milwaukee schools; de- 
gree B. S., University of Wisconsin, 1901 ; teacher of Science, Rhine- 
lander, Wis., 1901-02, Baraboo, 1902, E. Side H. S., Milwaukee. 1906-07; 
M. Feb. 11, 1907; Grand Vice President Beta Province, 1902-1904. 

Stevens, Mrs. Lotta A. W., A, (Jan. 15, 1889); Ex-1891; 
teacher H. S , Coldwater, Mich. ; special work, Boston Univrsity, 1883- 
89 : special work University of Giicago, 1889 ; seventh signature on Alpha 
Constitution. 

Stewart, Florence, A, '(Jan. 15, l\39). B May 26, 1867, Boston, 
Mass.; Grad. Medway H. S., 1885; degree A. B., Boston University. 1889; 
teacher of Greek and Latin, Whitinsville, Mass., since 1890 ; third signa- 
ture on Alpha Constitution. 

Stone, Harriet (Mrs. Edward R. Drake). E, (Nov., 1893). B 
Sent. 9, 1873. Galesburg, 111. ; Grad. Galesburg H. S : degree B. S., Knox 
College, 1397; M. Galesburg 111., June 9, 1904; died Nov. 15. 1906, 
Galesburg. 111. ; Grand Secretary, 1897-1900 ; librarian Children's Depart- 
ment Public Library, Galesburg, 1902-04. 

Trueblood, Estella, A, (C. M.) B. Jan. 29, 186P, Indianola, la.; 
GraL Ackworth Academy; student Simpson College; Sec. in excutive 




Amy (Olgen) Parmelee, T. 
(Grand President, 1906-1908.) 




Louise (Robinson) Rhodes, ©. M. Katherine Ratterman, Z. 

CG. V P. Gamma. 1906-1908 ) (Alliance Officer. 1005-1908.) 

Myra C. Powers, T. 

(G. V. P. Beta, 1906-1908 ) 

Edna (Wharton) Hoch, A. Christine (Jansson) Howard, A. 

(Grand Marshal, 1904-1908.) (G. V. P. Alpha, 1906-1908.) 




Bessie (Leach) Priddy, r. 

(Grand Historian, 1902-1908 ) 

Amy H. Olgen, J. 

(Grand Sec'y, 1904-1906) 



Marion E. P. Ball, P. 

(Grand Secy. 1906-1908.) 

Merle Pickford, M. 

(Grand Treas., 1904-1908.) 




R. Louise Fitch. E. 
(First Chapter Inspector, Editor Trident, 1903-l9:;s.) 



TRI DELTAS IN PHI BETA KAPPA. 205 

office, Simpson College since 1890; treasurer of Simpson College since 
1899 ; Grand Treasurer. 1893-1894 ; Grand Vice President Gamma Prov- 
ince, 1900-1902. 

Tucker. Sarah (Mrs. F. F. Kurt), 2, (C. M.) ; degree 
Ph. B., Wesleyan University, 1895 ; teacher Willimantic, Conn, 1895-96, 
Reading, Mass., 1897-01; Grand Vice President Alpha Province, 1900- 
1902. 

Tumbleson, Elizabeth (Mrs. John A. Leutscher), 3, (C. M.) B. 
Oct. 7, 1879, Baltimore, Md. ; Grad. Girls' L. School of Baltimore, 1896; 
degree A. B., Woman's College, Baltimore, 1900; M. July 16, 1906; hus- 
band, physician ; Grand Secretary, 1900-04 ; Grand President, 1904-06. 

Wait, FAhth M. (Mrs. A. D. Colson), B, (C. M.) B. Sept. 13, 
1865, Canton, N. Y. ; Grad. Canton H. S., 1885 ; entered St. Lawrence Univ., 
1889; degree, B. S., 1893; M. Jan. 21, 1897; husband, clergyman; Grand 
Treasurer, 1894-1897. 

Wharton, Edna (Mrs. Homer Hoch), A, (Oct.. 1899). B. Sept. 9, 
1878, Gridley, Colo.; Grad. Arkansas City H. S. June, 1897; degree B. L., 
Baker Univ., June, 1903; M. June 7, 1905; husband, journalist; GranJ 
Marshal, 1904-08. 

Vore, Anna L. T.. K, (Q M.) B. Nov. 24, 1877, Milton, Ind. ; stu- 
dent Kansas City H. S. ; degree A. B., Univ. of Nebraska, 1900, also 
* B K; Grand Marshal, 1900-02; teacher Lincoln, Neb. 

N. B. — It appears that on account of illness, Marion Katherine 
Norris, while one of the original first eighteen signers of the Constitution, 
was obliged to appear for initiation at a later date anH +i-.~+ the nine- 
teenth signer, Charlotte E. Joslin, was one of the first eighteen initiated. 
The names of the other first year members (through Nov. 22, 1889) in 
the order of their signatures, are Bertha Lee Gardner, Maud Eliza 
Muzzy. Blanche Ellen Seaver, Mabel Partridge, Carrie Usher Tanner, 
Clara Grace Ayres, all of '92, and Nettie Louisa Buckland, Mary Eliza- 
beth Cochrane, Etta Tone Terry, Martha Nichols Hobart, Christine Eve- 
lyn Jansson, Edith Knowles, Susie Ida Sayre and Flora Mandane Smith, all 
of '93. Of these girls, Bertha Lee Gardner held the first general alumnae 
office, Alumnae Editor of Trident, Clara Grace Ayres was the first presi- 
dent of the first Alliance, and Blanche Ellen Seaver was AAA delegate 
to first Pan-Hellenic. 

Tri Deltas in Phi Beta Kappa 

Alpha (1888), Boston University. * B K Established 1899. 

1899— Marion E. Clark. 1901— Mabel F. Barnum. 

1899 — Ada A. Cole. 1902 — Hilda J. Barnes. 

1900 — Sarah L. Peckover. 1902 — Grace Barnum. 

1901— Winifred E. Howe. 1906— Annie T. Gilchrist. 

Beta (1891), St. Lawrence University. 

1896 — Rhoda Richardson. 1906 — Frances Atwater. 

1899— Grace Yale Atwater. 1906— Etta Fraser. 

1903— Edna Heckles. 

Zeta (1892), University of Cincinnati. 

1891 — Margaret Layman. 1899— Adele Bentlev. 

1892— Estelle M. Riley. 1899— Sarah Albray. 



206 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

1893— Emilie M. Esselborn. 1902 — Katherine Babbitt. 

1894 — Lucy Lambdin. 1902 — Elizabeth Diserens. 

18 94_Alma S. Fick. 1904— Ida Estelle Davis. 

1896 — Mary Sibley Evans. 1904 — Lucy Weimar Collins. 

1898 — Julia Bentley. 1905— Sue Mackelfresh. 

1898 — M. Katherine Ratterman. 1905 — Helen Stein. 

Eta (1893), University of Vermont. 

L391— Hattie K. Andrews. 1898— Abbie Leonard. 

1894 — Irene Lee. 1898 — Annie Laurie Sherburne. 

1898 — Carrie Deavitt. 1906 — Gertrude Whittimore. 

Theta (1894), University of Minnesota. 

1896— Mary Smith. 1899— Effie Jacobsen. 

1896— Lydia M. Plummer. 1903— Alice Dyar. 

1897— Kate McDermid. 1903— Ruth Babcock. 
1899— Kate Bennett. 

Kappa (1894), University of Nebraska ($ B K Classics only.) 

1896 — Sara Taylor Vore. 1905 — Katherine Lumry. 

1900 — Anna S. T. Vore. 1905 — Alma Vandeveer. 

Mu (1898), University of Wisconsin. 

1899— Gertrude Stillman. 1902— Merle S. Pickford. 

1900— Florence E. Allen. 1903— Theo. B. Pickford. 

Nu (1896), Ohio State University. $ B K. Established 1905. 

1901— Edith Rees. 1903— Sue Garman. 

1898 — Ivy Kellerman. 1903 — Mima Weaver. 

Xi (1898), Woman's College, Baltimore. $ B K. Established 
1904. 

1899 — Annie Hoffman. 1905 — Emily Sleeman. 

Omicron (1898), Syracuse University. 

1903— Bertha Beach. 1904— Claudia Allen. 

1903 — Jessie Worden. 1904 — Minnie Crofoot. 

1904 — Jennie Brown. 

Pi (1900), University of California. 

1901— Evelyn Mariana Ratcliffe. 1903— Mary Edith McGrew. 

Sigma (1895), Wesleyan University. 

1896— Mary A. McKay. 1902— Alice Winifred English. 

1^96 — Lucy Osborne Searle. 1902 — Eldora J. Birch. 

1897— Augusta C. Meeks. 1903— Mary Elizabeth Bagg. 

1897— Mary A. Adams. 1905— Clara Sykes. 

1897— Carrie Tappan Brown. 1905— Ruth Dean. 

1899 — Charlotte Benson Frost. 1906 — Margaret Elizabeth Donahoe. 

1902— Elizabeth P. Peck. 1906— Faye Mildred Keene. • 
1902— Margaret Griswold. 



IN MEMORIAM. 207 

Upsilon (1895), Northwestern University. 

1896— Grace dough. 1901— Mary Ferris 

1898— Eva Barker. 1901— Anne Dyar. 

1898— Teresa Metcalf. 1902 — Isabel Low. 

1900— Anne Metcalf. 1904— Amy H. Olgen. 

Phi (1904), University of Iowa. 

1905— Ethel Nichols. 1906— Mildred Price. 

1905— Winifred Morris of A Chapter. 1907— Florence O'Dell. 

N. B. — Apparent discrepancies in dates of establishing of * B K in 
institution and the class of recipients is on account of faculties awarding 
the honor to former graduates on account of unusual merits or attain- 
ments. 

Tri Deltas in Sigma Xi 

Theta (1894), University of Minnesota. 

1897— Claribel Angle. 1902— Edith Thomas. 

1897— Kate McDermid. 1906— Fay Newton. 

1901— Edith Patch. 

N. B. — The University of Minnesota is the only school in which 
there is a chapter of A A A and also one of 2 3. 

In Memoriam 

Alpha. 

Grace Atherton. Margaret (Emerson) Holway. 

Ida Alice Blanchard. Edith Knowles. 

Laura A. Libbey. Carrie E. Batchelder. 



Mary E. Putnam. 

Rhoda Emma Richardson. 



Beta. 
Gamma. 



Rose McCormick. Sadie Parsons. 

Fronia (Rhonemus) Spencer. Abbie (Wakefield) Hamilton. 

Vena (Vaughn) Cutler. Gratia Chaplain (pledge). 

Dorothy (Baker) Culver. Mary (Smith) Williams. 
Onita (Elliott) McLean. 

Delta. 

Evehm Starr (Iowa State College). Maybelle Nelson. 

Violet Quint (Iowa State College). Sallie (Page) Kelley. 

Mary Berry. Hattie (Richardson) Perry. 



May (Murry) White. 



Epsilon. 



Nellie Ayres. Ida C. Clemens. 

Nellie Staat. Harriet (Stone) Drake. 

Blanche Hinman. 

Zeta. 

Jennie (Randall) Alt. Katherine Babbitt. 



208 



history of delta delta delta. 
Eta. 



Emily W. Lucia Thayer. 
Elizabeth Converse Johnson. 



Helen Gordon Clark. 



Theta. 



Edna S. Adams. 
Claribel Angle. 



Katherine Bateman. 
Ada Butler. 
Maude Lakin. 



Sarah Elizabeth Barron. 
Mabel Beran. 



Eliza (Perkins) Pope. 
Edith M. Thomas. 

Iota. 

Alvena D. Reichman. 

Kappa. 

Lambda. 

May Bailey (Pledge). 
Omicron. 

Bertha Whitman. 
Sigma. 



Charlotte (Seabury) Hathway. Olivia (Hatfield) Swett. 

Elizabeth Caulfield. 

Rho. 

Matilda Scheussler (Charter Applicant). 

Upsilon. 
Martha (White) Wheeler. Bertha (Metcalf) Strickler. 



Members of Delta Delta Delta 

ALPHA 

(Names in italics are charter signers.) 

Adams, Clara A. (Mrs. Guy Flanders), A. B., '95, Lancaster, N. H. 

Ainley, Edith L, Chester, Vt. 

Allen, Emily Frances, Ph. B., 1891, 12 Somerset St., Boston, Mass. 

Andrews, Alice Buswell, 1907, 74 Central St., Hudson, Mass. 

Atherton, Annabel, A. B., 1901, (Mrs. J. H. Chaffee), Maiden, Mass. 

Atherton, Grace, (Deceased, 1896). 

Atwood, Anjanette G., A. B., 1898, 5 Chester St., Cambridge, Mass. 

Ayers, C. Grace, A. B., 1892, 26 Hermon St., Winthrop, Mass. 

Badger, Delia A. (Mrs. Edward S. Payton), A. B., 1892,621 E. 18th St., 

Cheyenne, Wy. 
Bailey, Ethel Maude, Claremont, N. H. 

Baker, Edith R, A. B., 1903, 1800 Mass. Ave., Cambridge, Mass. 
Barnes, Hildah J. (Mrs. George L. Ward), A. B., 1901, 916 Main St., 

Waltham,' Mass. 
Barnum, Grace A. (Mrs. Alfred Hubach), Ph. B., 1902, 3217 Park Ave., 

Kansas City, Mo. 
Barnum, Mabel F., A. B., 1901, 19 Oak St., 'Middleboro, Mass. 
Bartlett, Bertha, A. B., 1896, 130 South St., Reading, Mass. 
Bartlett, Sara M. (Mrs. Alfred S. Hayes). A. B., 1896, Hillside Farm. 

Ashland, Mass. 
Batchelder, Carrie E., A. B., 1895. 
Bateman, May E. Ex. 1904, Waverly, Mass. 
Bayley, Frances J. (Mrs. Harry P. Packard), Ex. If 97, Amer. Pres. 

Mission, Urumia, Persia. 
Beddoe, Carrie D. (Mrs. Edward Foster Chamberlain), Ph. B., 1393, 

103 Carnegie Ave., E. Orange, N. J. 
Bennor, Edith (Mrs. Harry E. Stone), 258 Broadway, Somerville, Mass. 
Benton, Margaret J. Ex. 1905, (Mrs. H. Seward), 3 Otis St., Watertown, 

Mass. 
Berton, Margaret F, A. B., 1890. 

Black, Alice G., A. B., 1901, 23 Boston St., Maiden, Mass. 
Blanchard, Ida Alice, Ex. 1894, Deceased. 

Bond. Grace Lillian (Mrs. Chas. Howard), A. B., 1895, Claremont, N. TT. 
Brackctt, Bertha, Hyde Park Mass. 
Brackett, Bessie M.. 1905, Berwick, Me. 
Breed. Isabel M., A. B., 1889, 112 Green St., Lynn, Mass. 
Buckland, Nettie L. Ex. 1893, Passaic, N. J. 
Burdeti. Myrtle M., Ph. B., 1892, 768 Boston St., Lynn. Mass. 
Burnett, Minnie M. (Mrs. Wm. E. Ennis), A. B., 1903, Yarmouth, Mc. 
Burrage. Myra Allen Ex. 1898, 7 Maple Ave., Westerly. R. I. 
Capen. Ina Florence (Mrs. Chas. H. Dow), A. B., 1901, 107 Gainsboro 

St.. Boston, Mass. 
Carnes, Anna Belle (Mrs. Wm. B. Webster), Ph. B., 1900, 580 B-oad St. 

E. Weymouth, Mass. 
Carter, Mattie O. (Mrs. Geo. Bertrand Pratt), Ex. 1890, 103 Blooming- 
dale St., Chelsea, Mass. 
Center, Hanna J. (Mrs. Elisha F. Hayward), 1891, 4 Fairmont St, Wo- 

burn, Mass. 

(209) 



210 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Cheney, Effie M. (Mrs. Arthur S. Van Ostrand), Ex. lf,99, New Ken- 
sington, Pa., P. O. Box 593. 
Clark, Gertrude, 163 Hobart St., Danvers, Mass. 
Clark, Marion E., Ph. B., 1399, 325 N. Main, Brockton, Mass. 
Clough, Emily (Mrs. H. E. Peabody) Ph. B., 1891, 294 Windsor Ave., 

Hartford, Conn. 
Clough, Sallie M., A. B., 1903, 21 Walnut St., Arlington, Mass. 
Cochrane, Mary E., A. B., 1893, 7 Mansfield St., Allston, Mass. 
Cochrane, Susan L. (Mrs. Susan L. Greeley) Ex. 1892, 7 Mansfield St., 

Allston, Mass. 
Cole, Ada Augusta, Ph. B., 1899, 136 Perkins St., Somerville, Mass. 
Cole, Edith, 1906, 27 Moultrie St., Dorchester Center, Mass. 
Cole, Ruby Hasseltine, 1906, 36 Sycamore St., Roslindale, Mass. 
Collins, Mary D., A. B., 1897, 108 N. 3rd St., Victor, Colo. 
Cowan, Bertha May, 19 Mt. Vernon, Cliftondale, Mass. 
Crosby, Evelyn Ex. 1903, Centerville, Mass. 
Crowell, Edith, W. Dennis, Mass. 
Currier, Alice V, Ph. B., 1894, Middleton, Mass. 
Dagemann, Marie E. Ex. 1899, 4 Auburn St., Everett. Mass. 
Daniels, Ella L., Ph. B., 1896, 50 Spring St., Somerville, Mass. 
Davis, Eleanor Pearl, Ashland, Mass. 
Dickermann, Grace L. ' (Mrs. H. L. Holcomb), A. B.. 1895, Fredonia. 

N. Y. 
Dimond, Marion E., 1904, Manchester Center, Vt. 
Eaton, Luella Miranda, 1895, 114 Newbury, St., Boston, Mass. 
Eldredge, Viola W. (Mrs. T. C. Gates), 216 Metropolitan Ave., Roslin 

dale, Mass. 
Elliot, Florence G. Ex. 1899, Millbank, S. Dakota. 

Emerson, Margaret E. (Mrs. C. P. Holway), (Died, March 3, 1906). 
Evans, Lucy Frances, 1906, 32 Pearl St., Somerville, Mass. 
Eveleth, Martha, A. B., 1894, 26 Hermon St., Danvers, Mass. 
Ferry, Etta lone (Mrs. Geo. L. Plimpton), 1890, Tilton Sem., Tilton. 

N. H. 
Fish, Nellie G. (Mrs. C. C. Brain), A. B., 1902, 539 W. 155 St., New 

York City 
Fogg, Mabel Blanche, Ph. B., 1901, (Mrs. Harry Garcean), Ashley St., 

Hartford, Conn. 
Follett, Mary Lucretia, Ph. B., 1898, 212 W. 83rd St., New York, N. Y. 
Ford, Marion L., 1906 (Mrs. Alden H. Speare) 1207 Michigan Ave., 

Evanston, 111. 
Fox, Bertha C, A. B., 1894, Fuller St., New Dorchester, Mass. 
Gage, Sara L. (Mrs. J. E. Lacount) Ex. 1901, 167 Chestnut. Gardner, 

Mass. 
Galbraith, Emma W., 83 Columbia Road, Dorchester Center, Mass. 
GalVson, Grace B., A B , 1902, 52 Harrison St., Newton Highlands, Mass. 
Gardner, Angelina, 14 Center St., Danvers, Mass. 
Gardner, Bertha L., A. B., 1892, 218 Maryland Ave , N. E., Washington. 

D. C 
Gardner, Hope, Caribou, Me. 

Garfield, M. Grace, 1907, 8 Plymouth Pt, Brockton, Mass. 
Gilchrist, Annie True, 1906, 148 Bellevue, Melrose, Mass. 
Gleason, Emma W., Ph. B., 1895, 270 S. Union St., Rockland, Mass. 
Gove, Louise I., 41 Harold St., Roxbury, Mass. 
Grace, Ethel A., 1904, 15 Prospect St., Hartford, Conn. 
Hagarty, Mary Alice, 1907, 1 Centre Ave., Dorchester Center, Mass. 
Hall, Emily A. (Mrs. Daniel A. Cook) A. B., 1896, 431 Putman Ave.. 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Hatch, Edna L., Ex. 1899, Concord, Mass. 
Hayes, Bertha Frances, 1907, 72 Park Road, Brockton, Mass. 
Heath, Florence Agnes, 1906, Northboro, Mass. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — ALPHA CHAPTER. 211 

Howe, F. Maude (Mrs. T. W. Phelps) A. B., 1897, June St., Worcester, 

Mass. 
Howe, Winnifred Eva A. B., 1901, June St.. Worcester, Mass. 
Hubbard, Maude B, Ex. 1903, Wilbraham, Mass. 

Hubbard, Ruth E., Ph. B., 1899, 1100 Prospect Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Jansson, Alice L. Ex. 1900, 102 Wallace St., W. Somerville, Mass. 
Jansson, Christine E. (Mrs. A. G. Howard) A. B., 1893, 1977 Center St., 

W. Roxbury, Mass. 
Jones, S. Elizabeth (Mrs. Geo. E. Varney) A. B., 1895, 44 Gray St., 

"Arlington, Mass. 
Joslin, Charlottte E., A. B., 1892, 105 Chester St., Chelsea, Mass. 
Keach, Minnie K. (Mrs. E. R. Buckner) 23 Ellsworth Ave., Cambridge, 

Mass. 
Kellogg, Cora E., Ekonk, Conn. 

Kilburn, Florence M., Ph. B., 1894, 80 Willoughby St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
King, Georgia Anna, Hallowell, Me. 

Knowles, Edith, A. B., 1893, 3 Proctor St., Gloucester, Mass. 
Lamont, Mary A. (Mrs. Arthur R. Webster) Ph. B., 1899, 15 Royal St., 

Medford, Mass. 
Lander, Vera, 839 E. 5th St., S. Boston, Mass. 
Leach, Marion Dana, 1905, Appleton St., Waltham, Mass. 
Leighton, M. Isabel (Mrs. Damon E. Hall) A. B., 1901, 169 Upland 

Road, Cambridge. Mass. 
Libby, Laura A. (Deceased), Ph. B., 1899. 
Lord, Emily D., 19 Parker St., Melrose, Mass. 

Lovell, Edith Marion, A. B., 1903, 419 Warren Ave., Brockton, Mass. 
MacLellan, Viola M., A. B., 1897, Johns Hopkins Hosp., Baltimore, Md. 
MacNeil, Harriet Clinton, Ex. 1890, 82 Lenox Ave., Pittsfield, Mass. 
MacTaggart, Jean, 51 Mt. Globe St., Fitchburg, Mass. 
Mansfield, Lyda C. (Mrs. Frank P. Rafter), Ex. 1900, 30 Vose Ave., 

Hyde Park, Mass. 
Marr, Lillian G., A B., 1897, 6 Warner St., Gloucester, Mass. 
Mason, Carrie L, A. B., 1900, Beverly, Mass. 
McConnel, Lena, Ex. 1903, Boise City, Idaho. 
Meagher, M. Alice, A. B., 1898, Wellesley Hills, Mass. 
Merrill, Flora H. (Mrs. Fred S. Kimball) Ex. 1898, Littleton, Mass. 
Merrill, Gertrude, A. B., 1901, 7 Boardman St., Salem. Mass. 
Merrill, Helen A. B., 1903, 7 Boardman St.. Salem Mass. 
Morgan, Norma P. (Mrs. W. Lord), Ex. 1903, care of F. H. Morgan, 36 

Bromfield St., Boston, Mass. 
Munster, Bertha F, Ph. B., 1902, 25 Grant St, Waltham, Mass. 
Muzzy, Mary A. (Mrs. Henry E. Trefethen) 1898, Kents Hill, Me. 
Muzzy, Maude E., 1893, 31 Vinal Ave., Somerville. Mass. 
Nelson, Ruth C. (Mrs. Torsten Peterson), 250.1 Etna St., Berkley, Cal. 
Newhall, Helen Agusta, 1907, 4 Boardman St., Salem, Mass. 
Nickerson, Marion H., A. B v 1903, (Mrs. R. Brainbridge), Wallaston, 

Mass. 
Noon, Edith, A, A. B., 1894, Trans, from Delta, Pathfinder. Wyo. 
Norris, Marion K. (Mrs. C. E. Pierce) A. B., 1891, 21 W. Emerson St., 

Melrose, Mass. 
Olney, Persis Chapin, 1907, 10 Haskell St., Cambridge, Mass. 
Parker, Ella M., A. B.. 1902, 59 Robbins St., Waltham, Mass. 
Partridge. Mabel (Mrs.' Geo. A. Green) Ex. 1891, Medway, Mass. 
Paul, Esther D., A. B., 1R94, 32 Magazine St., Cambridge, Mass. 
Peckover, Sarah Lydia (Mrs. Leon G. Beeley), A. B., 1900, A. M., 1902. 

241 Broadway, Lawrence. Mass. 
Perry.; Eva L., 1908, W. Dennis, Mass. 
Perry, Minnie R, W. Dennis, Mass. 

Phelps, Elizabeth Alice. Ex. 1904. Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, Mass. 
Pinfield, Priscilla, 38 Ridge St., Roslindale, Mass. 



212 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Pond, Eleanor D. (Mrs. Arthur S. Mann), A. B., 1888, M. D., 1896, 

Schenectady, N. Y. 
Putman, Mary E. Ex. 1903, Deceased. 
Ray, Alice Josephine. 1908, Maui St., Maiden, Mass. 
Rea, Ethelwyn A., 1896, 1 Howard St., Maiden, Mass. 
Rhodick, Georgia M. (Mrs. H. Hartwell), A. B., 1903, Portland, Me. 
Rich, Alice Elizabeth, 1891. 
Rich, Mary Frank (Mrs. Frederick H. Nash), A B., 1896 160 Upland 

Road, Cambridge, Mass. 
Richardson, Blanche, 1907, 1553 Blue Hill Ave., Mattapan, Mass. 
Rushmore, E. Louise, 101 Trembnt St., Room 402 Boston, Mass. 
Santon, Addie B. (Mrs. J. W. Stephan), A. B., 1898, 14 Church St., 

Hudson, Mass. 
Sayre, Susie I., Ph. B., 1893, Merrimac, Mass. 
Seaver, Blanche E. (Mrs. H. W. Johnson), Ph. B, : 1891, 14 S. 54th Ave. 

W. Duluth, Minn. 
Shaw, Sarah Ida (Mrs. Wm. Holmes Martin) A. B., 1889, Bay State 

Road, Canton, Mass. 
Shelton, Emma Dorcas, A. B., 1898, 389 Main St.. Brockton, Mass. 
Smith, Flora M., B. L., 1K95, B. S., 1896, Thompsonville. Ct. 
Smith, Mildred Louise (Mrs. Cardinal L Goodwin), A. B., 1904, Lvndon- 

ville, Vt. 
Steadman, Helen Augusta, 1905. 55 W. Elm St., Brockton, Mass. 
Stevens, Mrs. Lotta A. W ., Ex. 1891. 
Stewart, Florence Isabelle, A. B., 1889, Nellis,, Mass. 
Stiles, Bertha (Mrs. J. A. Hefflon) Ex. 1893, Cochituate, Mass. 
Stone, Alma Drayton, 25 Brook St.. Somerville, Mass. 
Symonds, Amanda Ingalls (Mrs, Harold E. Edson) 1904, Littleton, N. H. 
Symonds, Claire May, 152 Holton St., Danvers, Mass. 
Tanner, Corrie U., A. B., 1892, Fruitdale Dimond P. O., Almeda Co., 

Cal. 
Thatcher, Louise Almira, 1906, Merrimac, Mass. 
"Townsend, Flora Belle (Mrs. Geo. R. Booth) Ex. 1896, 1119 State St., 

Springfield, Mass. 
Travis, Helen Sanborn, 302 Saratoga St.. Cohoes. N. Y. 
Upham, Elizabeth W.., 14 Chestnut St., Chelsea. Mass. 
Upham, Mary L. (Mrs. E. Sturdivant) Ph. B . 1894. 
Van Ostrand, Nellie B. (Mrs. H. F. Legg), HoUiston, Mass. 
Vining, Mary L (Mrs. Percy C. Sturdivant) 1894, 23 Gleason St.. West 

Medford, Mass. 
Watts, Cora E. Ex. 1897, 253 Lexington St.. East Boston. Mass. 
Wfells, Emma Lou (Mrs. Samuel M. Blandford) Ex. 1896, 131 Wash- 
ington Ave., Chelsea, Mass. 
Wheeler, Camille Florence. 1906, 16 Columbia St.. Cambridge, Mass. 
Whittier, Martha Taylor, 1904, Bellevue College, Bellevue, Neb. 

BETA 

Ackerman, Emma Wilhelmina, 1907, Warwick, N Y. 

Atwater, Frances Louise, 1906, Canton, N. Y. 

Atwater, Grace Yale (Mrs. A. Y. Soule), A. B., 1899, 1940 Penn Ave. Los 
Angeles, Cal. 

Baker, Mamie Linda (Mrs. Ralph W. Coddington), A. B., 1895, 239 Doug- 
las Bldg, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Baker, Nellie Leona. Ex. 1893. Colton, N. Y. 

Casey. Abbie Elizabeth (Mrs. J. C. Hurley), A. B. 1891, 241 E. McKinlev 
St., Phoenix, Ariz. 

Corey, Emma Louise, 1905, No. 16 Court St.. Auburn. N. Y. 

Cramer, Barbara Elizabeth, Fort Ann, N. Y. 

Dean, Grace Louise, 1152 39th St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Delaney, Josephine, 1904, Clayton, N. Y. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — BETA CHAPTER. 213 

Farmer, Verna, Ex. 1905, 218 W. Bridge St., Elyria, Ohio. 

Farmer, Inez B. (Mrs. S. B. Fauver), Ex. 1902, 1125 Middle Ave., Elyria, 
Ohio. 

Foley, Gertrude Mabel, Clayton, N. Y. 

Fraser, Etta Evelyn, 1906, Fort Covington, N. Y. 

Gardner, Lena Mildred, Ex. 1900, Canton, N. Y. 

Gibbs, Hazel Eva, Little Falls, N. Y. 

Hallahan, Cornelia M., A. B. 1902, Canton, N. Y. 

Hart, Bessie Alexander, 1906, Little Falls, N. Y. 

Heckles, Olive Edna, A. B. 1903, Canton, N. Y. 

Hinds, Belle S., Ex. 1901, 261 Vanness Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Hitchcock, Eva Augusta (Mrs. Ralph Horn), 1892, Richfield Springs, N 
Y. 

Hulett, Minnie A. D. (Mrs. E. L. Hulett), Canton, N. Y. 

Hulett, Sarah Emma, 1906, Brushton, N. Y. 

Hulburd, Annabel, A., 1898, Valley Falls, N. Y. 

Jackson, Bertha C. (Mrs. J. O. Bennett), Ex. 1899, 1 Moore St., Newark. 
N.J. 

Jackson, Carrie D. (Mrs. G. C. Sawyer), 18^2, Canton, N. Y. 

Jackson, Florence Mabel (Mrs. F. Green), 1893, Lyons, N Y. 

Jackson, Minnie C. (Mrs. S. G Ayers), Ph. B. 1897, 29 High St, St. Al- 
bans. N. Y. 

Kaylor, Winnie Carinne, Canton, N Y. 

Kierman, Mary B., 1904, 242 E. 50th St., New York, N. Y. 

Lewis, Irene L. (Mrs. A. S. Bedell), 1882, 351 W. 51st St., New York, N. 
Y. 

Liddie, Anna M. (Mrs. A. M. Schoene), Ex. 1901, 200^ Dodier St., St. 
Louis, Mo. 

McCormick, Helen P., 400 8th St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

McGinnis, Margaret Alice, Canton, N. Y. 

Millen, Gladys Virginia, Ex. '07, Middletown. N. Y. 

Mills, Alice A., Ph. B. 1900, Canton, N. Y. 

Moog, Wilhelmina Rebecca, Ex. 1904, Banner Ave., Forest Park, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Morgan, Clara E., 1894, Nunda, N. Y. 

Morrow, Nina Esther, 34 Winslow St., Watertown, N. Y. 

Murray, Margaret Jane (Mrs. Wm. Rafferty), A. B. 1894, 708 Amsterdam 
Ave., New York, N. Y. 

Noel, Helen Charlotte, 2327 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 

Nutting, Delia I. (Mrs. Wm. Gregory), B. S. 1903, Woodville, N. Y. 

O'Neil, Florence Louise, Ex. 1909, St. Regis Falls, N. Y. 

Paddock, Ella Cahoon, 1907, Malone, N. Y. 

Paul, Clara Frances, Granville, N. Y. 

Peck, Ethol Eva, 1906, Brushton, N. Y. 

Perkins, Alice, 1901, Canton, N. Y. 

Perkins, Ethel Leonard (Mrs. Herbert H. Dewey), 1904, 1407 State St., 
Schecnectady, N. Y. 

Perkins, Gertrude Emily, A. B. 1897, Canton, N. Y. 

Perkins, Grace Elizabeth (Mrs. Sam'l Newman) ,A. B. 1903, Grand 
Forks, N. D. 

Perkins. Kate F, A. B. 1900, Canton, N. Y. 

Pierce, Helen Margaret, Ex. 1903, 10 Clav St., Watertown, N. Y. 

Potter, Veva E. (Mrs. B. Storrs), B. S. 1902, Portsmouth, R. I. 

Preston, Julia Wells B. S. 1905, 91 Newkirk St., Jersey City, N. J. 

Richardson. Rhoda Emma, Ph. B. '96, deceased. 

Robinson, Gertrude M., A. B. 1901, Larchmont Manor, Larchmont, N. Y. 

Rushton, Blanche. Ex. 1905, Chapel St., No. 6, Canton, N. Y. 

Sahlin, Gretchen Irene, 209 West High St., Urbana. 111. 

Sails, Grace G., Ex. 1902, (transferred to K), 1618 Boone Ave., Epokane, 
Wash. 



214 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Sawyer, Helen Amy, 1907, 102 Main, Canton, N. Y. 

Seymour, Rhea B., Limestone, N. Y. 

Snow, Ruth Caroline, 1904, Lanesboro Mass. 

Spencer, Esther, 1903, Franklyn St., Watertown, N. Y. 

Stanton, Anna E, 1904, Ticonderoga, N. Y. 

Stevens, Velma K., 540 Western Ave., Lynn, Mass. 

Sudds, Kate (Mrs. Almon Lytle), B. S. 1901, 5 Day's Park, Buffalo, N. 

Y. 
Sumner, Caroline L, B. S. 1898, Norwood, N. Y. 
Thayer, Susa (Mrs. Jas. R. Pratt), Ex. 1904, Sherman, N. Y. 
Thomas,' E. Loraine (Mrs. Leroy Coons), 5 Lincoln St., Brunswick, Me. 
Traver, Mary (Mrs. A. L. Ladd), B. S. 1896, Canton, N. Y. 
Vinson, Nina May, Ph. B., 1894, South Randolph, Vt. 
Wait, Edith (Mrs. A. D. Colson), B. S. 1893, Bethel, Maine. 
Wallace, Lena May, 1905, Canton, N. Y. 

Williams, A. Isabel, B. S. 1899, 113 Claremont Ave., Montclair.N. J. 
Wood, Bertha Ellen, B. S. 1903, Dexter, N. Y. 

Woods, Helen, Ex. 1897, 211 W. 101 st, St., "The Milford." New York. 
Wright, Helen, Smith's Basin, N. Y. 

GAMMA 

Allis, Sarah (Mrs. Enos DeWaters), Ph B. 1901, Flint, Mich. 
Anthony, Nina (Mrs. James W. Nixon), Ex. 1392, Holloway, Mich. 
Bailey, Maud, Manchester, O. 
Baker, Dora Estella (Mrs. Lucien Culver),, B. M. '96, deceased, Adrian, 

Mich. 
Bangham, Ada M. (Mrs. S. C. Morrow), Ex. 1898, Jeffersonville, O. 
Baker, Mary Alta, Ex. 1905, Gibson City, 111. 
Bedell, Lena Ex. 1904 (pledged), 22 Merrick St., Adrian, Mich. 
Black, Mattie, Ph. B. 1903, Whitehouse. Ohio. 

Blain, Kathleen, Ph. B. 1895, A. B. 1898, 4217 Stevens St., Tacoma, Wash. 
Brierlv, Mabel, B. M. 1901 512 13th Ave., New Brighton, Pa. 
Cairns, Annie (Mrs. H. L. Feeman), B. L.-1900, 185 W. Maumee St., 

Adrian, Mich. 
Carter, Nina, 144 Michigan Ave., Adrian. Mich. 
Chapman, Gratia (pledged), deceased, (from Olymphia, Wash.,) Adrain, 

Mich. 
Crum, Mabel (Mrs. Roy E. McManiman\ B. L. 1901 tr. to E., 237 Gar- 
field Ave., Galesburg, 111. 
Doane, Eva (Mrs. Thos. Elwood Randall), Ex. 1903. Lenawer Junction, 

Mich. 
Eayrs,' Clara N. (Mrs. C. W. Stiedle), Ex. 1891, Milan, Mich. 
Elliott, Oneta (Mrs. McLean), Ex. 1893. Died 1904, West Lafayette, O. 
Fickis, Sara Marie, 6200 Penn Ave., Pittsburg, Pa. 
Fleming, Abbie, 177 W. Maumee St., Adrian, Mich. 
Fox, Minnie Myrtle, B. M. 1904, Farmer City, Ills. 
Frink, Edna (Mrs. S. Mummery), Ex. 1899, St. Johns, Mich. 
Fuller, Nettie Lou, B. L. 1898, 219 E. Seminary St. Charlotte, Mich. 
Gray, Ura May (Mrs. Nimmocks), B. M. 1894, Great Bend Kans. Died 

Jan. 13. 1907. 
Gregory, Beulah, Ex. 1905. 60 College Ave., Adrian, Mich. 
Gibbs, Elizabeth G. (Mrs. O. L. Palmer), Ph. B. 1893, A. B. 1895, A. M. 

1897. 29 Park St., Adrian, Mich. 
Guarch, Blanca, San Juan, Porto Rico, (Adrian, Mich.) 
Guarch, Pepita, San Juan, Porto Rico. 
Hardy, Eliza, Ex. 1899, 46 Broad St., Adrian, Mich. 
Hardv Marjorie, 63 Maine St., Adrian. Mich. 
Harriman, Donna Mae, Ex. 1903, Richwood, Ohio. 
Hauter, Julia, Tower Hill, 111. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — GAMMA CHAPTER. 215 

Hicks, Mrs. Octa N., Ex. 1899, (Mrs. Arthur Hicks), Lansing, Mich. 

Hopkins, Clara Bronson, B. M. 1891, 40 Main St., Adrian, Mich. 

Hughes, Nettie Bell, Ex. 1907, Youngstown, Pa. 

Hyde, Adelaide May, Ex. 1891, 2144 St. James Ave., Cincinnati, O. 

Jordan, Lulu Maude (Mrs. Earl Means), B. M. 1904, Gibson City, 111. 

Jovce, Martha (Mrs. Homer R. Rogers), Ex. 1903, 129 N. Fourth St., 
Newark, Ohio. 

Judson, Alice Helene (Mrs. Sutton), B. M. 1906, Clayton, Mich. 

Kingsbury, Floy J. (Mrs. Fred Lamb), A. B. 1900, 65 Lewis St., Perth 
Amboy, N. J. 

Kinney, Emma, B. L. 1893 U. of Cincinnati, trans. Zeta 1892, 3600 Mooney 
Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Lackey, Lena (Mrs. Earl West), Ex. 1900, 90 College Ave,. Adrian, Mich. 

Lambert, Bertha (Mrs. Mann), B. L. 1901, Pecatonica, Ills. 

Leach, Bessie M. (Mrs. Frank Priddy), Ph. B. 1891, 124 W. Maumee, 
Ardian, Mich. 

McCormick, Elizabeth Rose. Died 1894. (Mt. Vernon, O.) 

McCormick, Susan Ada, Ex. 1894 Mt. Vernon, Ohio. 

McManniman, Grace, Ex. 1905, West Lafayette, O. 

Milne, Jessie (Mrs. Walter Payne), Ex. 1892, 214 E 61st St., Chicago, 111. 

Morden, Mary Mason, B. L. 1897, 14 N. Winter St., Adrian, Mich. 

Mulvane, Daisy (Mrs. Prosser), Ex. 1890, St. Charles, Mo. 

Meyrs, Julia (Mrs. Victor Dewey), B. L. 1897, 79 Delaware Ave., Detroit, 
Mich. 

Nash, Edith Mae (Mrs. L. W. Burton), B. L. 1901, La Fargiville, N. Y. 

Page, Bertha Helen (Mrs. L. B. Robertson), Ex. 1898, 21 State St., Adri- 
an, Mich. 

Pancake, Adeline Stark (Mrs. Rowlan). Ex. 1892, London, Ohio. 

Parsons, Sadie, Ex. 1902. Deceased 1902, Adrian, Mich. 

Poage, Anna (Mrs. A. E. Poage), Ex. 1390, Ashland, Ky. 

Porter, Anna Lou (Mrs. Geo. Milne), Ex. 1891, 512 Scott St., Wheaton, 
111. 

Porter, Bertha (Mrs. Morris Dillon), B. M. 1901, Denver, Colo. 

Rhomcmus, Fronia (Mrs. Spencer), B. M. 1891. Died 1894. Sabina, O. 

Robinson, Elizabeth (Mrs. Chas Hodge), Ex. 1904, Frank and Locust St., 
Adrian, Mich. 

Rorick, Eva May (Mrs. Henry Crane), Ex. 1892, Fayette, Ohio. 

Rorick, Leila Estel (Mrs. Albert Foster), A. B. 1899. Morenci, Mich. 

Savage, Mary Evaline (Mrs. Glen Bailey), Ex. 1891, 2315 Tenth St., Den- 
ver, Colo. 

Shinn, Josephine (Mrs. Edgar Hitchcock), Ex. 1892, 1181 E. 67th St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Sinsel, Mary Artis, Ex. 1905. Flemington, W. Va. 

Smith, Augusta, Lima, Ind. 

Smith, Grace (Mrs. H. W. Jones), Ex. 1902, Arthur, 111. 

Smith, Mary (Mrs. William Williams), B. M. 1906. Died 1906, (Brad- 
dock, Pa.) 

Smith, Mary Celia, B. S. 1899, New Brighton, Pa. 

Spahr. Katherine (Mrs. Louis B. Hull). B. L. 1897, Woodsrun Ave., Al- 
legheny, Pa. 

Stearns, Jean V ("Mrs. Geo. Kimball), Ex. 1896, Webster Grove, Mo. 

Stillwell. Myrtle N., B. S. 1892, 361 W. 65th St., Chicago, 111. 

Swift, Edna, Mohawk, N. Y. 

Terry, Mabel Louise (Mrs. Geo. Hamilton), B. L. 1895. Lockoort. N. Y. 

Tobias, Ella Floy, B. L. 1895, 320 Thompson, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Trumble, Matie (Mrs. M. A. Rowan), Ex. 1891, Sheridan Road, Wau- 
kegan. 111. 

Turner, Edith Mildred (Mrs. A. Herbert Smith), Ex. 1890, Grainfield. 
Kan. 

Van Wert, Nettie (Mrs. Fox), B. L. 1902, 4 E. 110th St., New York, N. Y 



216 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Vaughn, Vena Bell (Mrs. W'm. Cutler). Deceased. (Pillsford, Mich.) 

Vaughn, Zua Lura (Mrs. Frank R. Kedzill), Ex. 1891, Pittsford, Mich. 

Vorhees, Hope, Ardian, Mich. 

Vorhees, Mary, Steubenville, Ohio. - 

Wade, Bertha (Mrs. Ezra Mead), B. M. 1<897, Sand Creek, Mich. 

Wakefield, Abbie Geneva (Mrs. Wm. Hamilton), B. L. 1897. Deceased 
1904. (Morenci, Mich.) 

Waterman, Laura Mable (Mrs. Frank Totten), B. L. 1902, 83 Hinode 
Cho, Yokohama, Japan. 

Waterman, Mary Elizabeth (Mrs. Arthur Evans), Ex. 1903, Steamboat 
Springs, Col. 

Weber, Annan, Ex. 1892, Nottingham, Ohio. 

Westerman, Flora, 10 Crystal Springs Ave., Adrian, Mich. 

Whaley, Jessie (Mrs. Homer Jones), Ex. 1904, 1643 W. Adams St,, Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Wheeler, Isabelle, Ex. 1899, 814 W. Ottawa St., Lansing, Mich. 

Whitney, Adelaide Mary (Mrs. H. Hoire), B. M. 1896, 253 Main St., Wi- 
nona, Minn. 

Widney. Elizabeth, Tecumseh,, Mich. 

Wilcox. Alma (Mrs. Chas. Hubbel), Ex. 1894, 19 W. 3rd Ave., Columbus, 
Ohio. 

Wilcox, Nettie E. (Mrs. W. H. Howard), Ex. 1893, 33 Seaton Place, N. 
W., Washington, D. C. 

Williams, Alberta, E. Liverpool, Ohio. 

Williams. Isabelle, Ex. 1893, Gypsum, Kan. 

Wise, Octa E. (Mrs. Leland B. Case), B. M. 1877, 38 Piquette Ave., De- 
troit, Mich. 

Wolcott, Stella (Mrs. Geo. Miller), Ex. 1896, 324 Dock St., Steubenville, 
Ohio. 

Wolfe, Violet (Mrs. Beeks), Ex. 1893. Isleta, Ohio. 

York, Louise, Ex. 1905, Newark, N. Y. 

DELTA 

Allen, Jessie, Ex. 1902, Indianola, Iowa. 

Allen, Lora M. (Mrs. C. B. Cheney) 1896, 606 7th St. S. E., Minneapolis, 

Minn. 
Ash, Laura (Mrs. V. L. Wilson) Ex. 1894, Ottumwa, Iowa. 
Ash, Lillian, 202 Barker, Peoria, 111. 
Bair, Marie (Mrs. Harry Cavanaugh), Atlantic, Iowa. 
Barker, Alice (Mrs. W. H. Berry), A. M., 1872, Indianola, Iowa. 
Bartholomew, Laura, Ex. 1903, 127 Woodlawn Ave., Topeka, Kansas. 
Beall, Eunice (Mrs. W. W. Moffat), Ex. 1888, Mt. Ayr, la. 
Beard, Fern Ethel, Ex. 1905, Mount Ayr, Iowa. 
Bennison, Jane Johns, Lenox, Iowa. 
Berry, Mary, Deceased, 1901. 
Berry, Hattie (Mrs. J. P. Morley), Cons. 1888, Ph. B., 1893, M. A., 1896, 

Bagley, Iowa. 
Beymer, Anna (Mrs. Rufus K. McGee) Ex. 1895, New Virginia, Iowa. 
Boreman, Agnes, Deceased. 

Boyd, Jessie (Mrs. G. W. Hook), Ex. 1898, R. F. D, Bedford, Iowa. 
Brourink, Mabel Louise, B. S., 1905, Blanchard, Iowa. 
Brown, Birdie Estelle (Mrs. E. W. Stevenson), Ex. 1898, Mitchelville, la. 
Brown, Gertrude H. (Mrs. J. C. Smith). Ph B., 1904, Lohrville, Iowa. 
Brown, Margaret (pledged), Indianola, Iowa. 
Brown, May, Ex. 1894, Harlan, Iowa. 
Budd, Etta, Trans, from Ames, Ames, Iowa. 
Butler, Julia (Mrs. Wm. Perry), Ex. 1883, Mapleton, Iowa. 
Carey, Belle (Mrs, Frazier). 
Carpenter, Lulu, New Virginia, Iowa. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA DELTA CHAPTER. 217 

Carpenter, Myrza, New Virginia, Iowa. 

Cheshire, Hattie (Mrs. S. A. McElroy), Indianola, Iowa. 

Clark, Dee (Mrs. J. A. Spohn), Ex. 1398, Ruskin, Oklahoma. 

Clark, Fanchon (Mrs. F. H. McClure), Indianola, Iowa. 

Clark, Fannie J. (Mrs. J. O. Watson) Ph. B., 1898, Indianola, Iowa. 

Cochrane, Florence (Mrs. Wm. Buchanan) 3703 Grand Ave., Des Moines. 

Iowa. 
Colby, Etta (Mrs. George McMillan). 
Cook, Beth, Van Meter. Iowa. 

Culbertson, Ina (Mrs. T. D. Murphy), Red Oak, Iowa. 
Dana, Blanche (Mrs. Talley), Simpson, Minn. 
Day, Caroline, Ex. 1905, Ida Grove, Iowa. 
Dean, Augusta (Mrs. Victor H. Arnold), Ex. 1893, Griswold, Iowa, 

R. F. D. No. 1. 
Dimmit, Louise (Mrs. John Richards), B. S., 1872, 5828 Woodlawn, 

Chicago, 111. 
Dunnegan, Elizabeth Eleanor, Ex. 1905, Bolivar, Mo. 
Dunnegan, Olive, Bolivar, Mo. 

Dunning, Laura (Mrs. Joe McCoy), Indianola, Iowa. 
Eaton, Lillian (Mrs. F. A. Grove), Sidney, Iowa. 

Elwell, Elseda (Mrs. Henry Gaylord) 1416 Locust St., Des Moines, la. 
Foster, J. Ellen (Mrs. J. Ellen Foster), New York, N. Y. 
Frampton, May Emily, Ex. 1906, 1132 E. 3th St., Boone, Iowa. 
Gifford, Dora (Mrs. C. W. Honnold) A. B., 1875, Indianola, Iowa. 
Grafton, Mary, (pledged), 505 Figueroa St.. Los Angeles, Cal. 
Guthrie, Hallie, A. B., 1904, Indianola, Iowa. 
Hallam, Margaret May (Mrs. M. M. Moore) Carroll, Iowa. 
Harrington, Ellen (Mrs. Latta) Tacoma, Neb. 
Harris, Lucy Elizabeth, Ph. B., 1906, Indianola, Iowa. 
Havner, Nellie (Mrs. M. T. Brewer), Ex. 1897, De Soto, Iowa. 
Haywood, Lucy M., Ex. 1896, Grand Island, Neb. 
Heaton, Persis, Ph. B., 1906, Wolf Hall, Denver, Colo. 
Holland, Bernice (Mrs. Ballon) Ex. 1896, Deceased. 
Hoope, Maude M. (Mrs. J. M. Jackson) B. S., 1900, Sidney, Iowa. 
Horsley, Carrie (Mrs. L. B. Grice) Perry, Iowa. 
Hoskins, Stella (Mrs. E. M. Gibson), Ph. B.,, 1907, Blanchard, Iowa. 
Howard, Ida (Mrs. R. J. Graham) B. S., 1877, Fort Morgan, Colo. 
Huggins, Clytie Almyra, Ex. 1901, Indianola, Iowa. 
Huggins, Lillian, Indianola, Iowa. 
Ilgenfritz, Edith, 721 Carroll St., Boone, Iowa. 
Igo, Ruby, A. B., 1904, Indianola, Iowa. 
Jamieson, Mabel, B. M., 1888, Casey, Iowa. 

Jay, Elizabeth (Mrs. W. C. Davis) 4453 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, 111. 
Jenkins, Claire Eva (Mrs. W. P. Jenkins) Appleton, Wis. 
Johnson, Eda Linnona, Cambridge, Iowa. 
Johnson, Grace, Weldon, Iowa. 
Knight, Cora (Mrs. McConnell) Griswold, Iowa. 
Laub, Hazel, Dennison, Iowa. 
Linn, Elizabeth, B. S., 1894, Shelby, Iowa. 
Linn, Lulu (Mrs. Stevens) Hancock, Iowa. 
Linn, Mary K.. B. S., 1894, Died, Jan. 2. 1895. 
Lipsey, Cora (Mrs. J. J. Harris), Ex. 1896, Valdora, Ga. 
Lisle, Ada B., 1906, Linden, Iowa. 

Long, Minnie (Mrs. W. H. Jackson) 1351 12th St., Des Moines, Iowa. 
Manker, Mary, Ex. 1906, Elliott, Iowa. 
Marlatte, Nellie, Ex. 1906, Indianola, Iowa. 
Maxfield. Kate (Mrs. Olin Sweet) B. M., 1898, 940 19th St., Des Moines, 

Iowa. 
McCausland, Carrie (Mrs. E. D. Conover), B. S., 1889, 125 E. 4th St., 

Los Angeles, Cal. 



218 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Mercer, Ida (Mrs. Johnson), Ex. 1891, Elliott, Iowa. 

McLaughlin, Ida (Mrs. H. T. Metcalf) Ex. 1884, Indianola, Iowa. 

Moore, Grace, Ex. 1906, R. F. D., Corydon, Iowa. 

Morris, Winnifred, State Normal, 1899, A. B., S. U. I., 1905, Indianola. 
Iowa. 

Munson, Nellie, Cornell, 1095, A. B.,. 1899, 1617 N. Raymond Ave., Pasa- 
dena, Cal. 

Murray, May (Mrs. White) Deceased. 

Melick, Ada, Ex. 1906, Perry, Iowa. 

Myerly, Catherine, 2911 High Sf., Des Moines, Iowa. 

Nelson, Annot (Mrs. Downey) 1897, Dexter, Iowa. 

Nelson, Mabelle, Deceased. 

Newland, Lillian, Ex. 1896, 1629 Franklin St., Denver, Colo. 

Nimms, May (Mrs. Charles Zaelke), Ex. 1898, Imogene, Iowa. 

Nimms, Mina, Emerson, Iowa. 

Nixon, Nina (Mrs. C. F. Crose),. Shenandoah, Iowa. 

Noel, Ella Jeanetta, B. S., 1901 (Mrs. E. C. Williams) Adair, Iowa. 

Noon, Edith, A. B., 1894, Trans, to Alpha, Pathfinder, Wyo. 

Owen, May, (Mrs. Herbert Langdon), Leon, Iowa. 

Page, Carrie (Mrs. E. M. Holmes), A. B., 1880, 1048 20th St., Des 
Moines, la. 

Page, Kate (Mrs. Brown), A. B., 1879, 1518 Jones St., Sioux City, la. 

Page, Sallie (Mrs. Kelley), A. B., 1884, deceased. 

Pardee, May, Ph. B., 1905, Sidney, Iowa. 

Parrot, Emma (Mrs. Walter Peck), Ex. 1880, Indianola, la. 

Parrott, Annette, (Mrs. R. D. Tarleton), Ex. 1880, Winterset, la. 

Patterson, Cora, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Patterson, Eva (Mrs. Thompson). 

Peck, Louise, Indianola, la. 

Perry, Anna Helen, Ph. B., 1903, Indianola, Iowa. 

Perry, Sadie, Carson, la. 

Pierce, Ida (Mrs. Newell), Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Poison, Mattie, Pleasantville, la. 

Posegate, Louise (Mrs. A. V. ProudfooO. Ex. 1834, Indianola, la. 

Price, Franc Okra (Mrs. Franc Gittinger).; Ex. 1900, Winterset, la. 

Ray, Emma (Mrs. Miller), Ex. 1880, 313 7th Ave, Seattle, Wash. 

Rea, Edith Pansy, Corydon, la. 

Rea, Mabel Irene, Ph. B., 1905, Corydon, la. 

Rea, Mary Nell, Corydon, la. 

Rhodda, Mildred (Mrs. Robt. Conor), (pledged), Hamburg la. 

Richardson, Bess (Mrs. James Forrester), Ex. 1896, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Richardson, Effie (Mrs. D. De La Sheldon), Ex. 1900, 778 Washington, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

Richardson, Hattie (Mrs. N. W. Perry), Ex. 1897, deceased. 

Robbins, Alma A., Ph. B., 1905, Nora Springs, la. 

Robbins, Ina May, Ph. B., 1906, Hastings, la. 

Roberts, Sallie (Mrs. D. A. Stuart), Harlan, la. 

Robinson, Lulu (Mrs. W. E. Saltzman), Ex. 1°>99, Corner Park and 5th 
St., Benton Harbor, Mich. 

Rogers, Caroline, Ph. B., 1900, Carroll, la. 

Samson, Mary E., Ex. 1906, 926 18th St., Des Moines, la. 

Schurz, Myra, deceased. 

Scroggs, Alice (Mrs. H. M. Dale), 3801 S. Maine, Los Angles, Cal. 

Shuler, Grace (Mrs. J. W. Slocum), Indianola, la. 

Silliman, Alice (Mrs. Balfour Jeffrey), 821 Law St., Topeka, Kan. 

Schee, Hettie (Mrs. Irving Ireland), care O. L. Schee.; Oskaloosa, la. 

Schee, Lettie (Mrs. Goode), care O. L Schee, Oskaloosa, la. 

Spencer, Claire M., B. M., 1905, 413 15th Ave. N., Seattle,, Wash. 

Smith, Blanche A., Indianola, la. 

Smith Byrd (Mrs. F. C. Stiffler), Cummings, la. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — IOWA STATE COLLEGE. 219 

Smith, Eathel, Atlantic, la. 

Smith, Elizabeth E., Indianola, la. 

Smith, Florence Jeanette, 516 W. 7th St., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Smith, Grace (Mrs. W. L. Sivers), R. F. D. Oakland, la. 

Smith, Helen Emma (Mrs. Jean d Chauvant), care Hotel Marlboro, 551 S 

Grand Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Smith, Olive, Carroll, la. 

Smith, Rowena Murl (Mrs. J. N. Fuller), Ex. 1906, Monte Vista, Colo. 
Starbuck, May, Indianola, la. 
Swan, Anna May, Indianola, la. 

Talboy, Lena (pledged), 445 Homer St., Palo Alto, Cal. 
Talley, Maude (Mrs. Walter H. Beall), West Union, Iowa. 
Thompson, Addie. 
Thompson, Mabel, Ex. 1890. 
Thompson, Minnie. 
Thompson, Nan, Indianola, la. 
Thompson, Odessa, 666 17th St., Des Moines, la. 
Todd, Junia, Ph. B., 1898, 3109 6th Ave., Tacoma, Wash. 
Todd, Lois, Ph. B., 1899, 3109 6th Ave., Tacoma, Wash. 
Trimble, Carrie (Mrs. E. V. Badley), Ex. 1896, Indianola, Iowa. 
Trueblood, Estelle, Ex. 1891, Indianola, la. 
Trueblood, Minora, Ex. 1893, Grinnell, la. 
Turner, Etta B., Ph. B., 1903, Adair, la. 
Volk, Florence, Ex. 1906, Fairmount, la. 
White, Doris, Indianola, la. 

White, Gertrude, Ex. 1906, 5429 Washington Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Wilkinson, Lydia (Mrs. Roy Wilkinson), Ph. B., 1892, Lohrville, la. 
Wilson, Stella M. (Mrs. E. L. Calhoun), 1R96, 2337 Wayne Ave., Chicago. 
Woelf, Vesta, Shannon City, la. 
Zellar, Katherine, Ph. B., 1903, Winterset, la. 

IOWA STATE COLLEGE 

Adams, Minnie A. 

Bradley, Blanche M. 

Budd, Etta May, Ames, Iowa. 

Chevalier, Lynne. 

Cottrell, Carrie (Mrs. A. B. Lovejoy), Waterloo, Iowa. 

Cottrell, Mary, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Dean, Nellie E. 

Lane, Sappho. 

Malley, Minnie A. 

Morton, Olivia, M. 

Quint, Violet N. Deceased. 

Roddis, L. May (Mrs. Kreeger), Philippine Islands. 

Speer, Eva. 

Starr, Evelyn. Deceased. 

Wilson, Flora, (pledged), Washington, D. C. 

EPSILON 

Aldrich, Harriet Blanche (Mrs. Chas. May), Ex. 1895, 600 Fayette Ave., 
Peoria, 111. 

Alton, Laura, 1009 Exchange St., Keokuk, la. 

-Andrews, Florence Ethel, Ex. 1905, 2614 N. Hermitage Ave.. Chicago, 111. 
-Arnold, Elizabeth Hudson, A. B.„ 1904, 759 E. Main St., Galesburg. 111. 

Arnold, Harriet Beatrice, A. B., 1906, 759 E. Main St., Galesburg, 111. 

Atwood, Clarissa, A. B., 1906, Galesburg, 111. 

Ayres, Nelly, B. S., 1893, (Died, December, 1892) Galesburg, 111. 

Barden, Martha Glover (Mrs. C. L. Cole) B. L., 1895, N. Chambers St., 
Galesburg, 111. 



220 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Bailey, Fern, Marcelline, Mo. 
-Bassett, Nellie T... Ex. 1891, 359 S. West St., Galesburg, 111. 
Baxter, Mabel W., A. B., 1899, 523 N. Prairie St., Galesburg, 111. 
Beede, Georgia, Ex. 1898, Princeton, 111. 
Benjamin, Charlotte L. (Mrs. D. F. Green) B. S., 1890, Judson Ave, 

Evanston, 111. 
Bo wen, Eleanor Marie (Mrs.'B. W. Wenrich), Ex. 1903v 3639 Fourth 

St., San Diego, Cal. 
Boyden, Katherine E., Sheffield, 111. 
Camp, Bessie, Ex. 1895, Dixon, 111. 
Cavanaugh, Marguerite, Kewanee, 111. 
--Chowning, Evangeline (Mrs. E. Worst) Ex. 1899, Lockport, 111. 
Christy, Gertrude (Mrs. Edwin Ewing), Ex. 1906, 1031 Seventh Ave., 

Clinton, la. 
^Clarkson, Florence M. (Mrs. Rollins Collins), A. B., 1905, Parnassus, Pa. 
Clawson. Maude Belle (Mrs. J. J. Hammond), Ex. 1899, 827 E. Main St., 

Galesburg, 111. 
Clemens, Ida Carswell, Ex. 1905 (Died, Feb. 24th, 1906). 
Collins, Bertha, A. B., 1907, Knoxville, 111. 
Conklin, Lulu, B. L., 1895, Mendota, 111. 
Conklin, Mabel (Mrs. G. H. Wiley), Ex. 1903, Mendota, 111. 
Conner, Ethel Runyon, A. B., 1906, Vinton, la. 
Crocker, Mabelle Gertrude (Mrs. E J. Dickson), Ex. 1894, 1 Cypress 

Place, Brookline, Mass. 
-Crum, Mabel (Mrs. E. R. McManaman), (transferred from T.) 273 Gar- 
field Ave., Galesburg, 111. 
Dodds, Edith, 1028 S. Seventh St., Springfield, 111. 
Egan, Ethel May (Mrs. Ethel E. West) B. S., 1893, 426 Grand View St., 

Los Angeles, Cal. 
Elwood, Lillian, Cons. 1903, Nashville, 111. 
Emrich, Lillian M. (Mrs. Robert Nye) Ex. 1898. 

Ertle Elsa E. (Mrs. A. Stone), B. S., 1900, 1637 Jersey St.,Quincv, 111. 
Ferris, Gertrude L (Mrs. Charles E. Waite), Ex. 1907. 299 First St., 

Riverside, Cal. 
Ferris, Julia E. (Mrs. A. Borden) Cons. 1903, 920 W. 7th St., Hastings, 

Neb. 
Ferris, Louie N., Cons. 1904, Woodhull, 111. 
„ Fitch, R. Louise, A. B., 1902, Galva, 111. 
Freedman, Bertha H. (Mrs. A. V. Mandell) A. B., 1900, Apartment 10, 

102 West Hill, The Mildred, Louisville, Ky. 
Freedman, Elsa May, A. B., 1903, Mendota, 111. 

Freedman, Jessica A. (Mrs. Isadore Meyers) Ex. 1899, Kewanee, 111. 
Gay, E. Loraine (Mrs. G. T. McCandlass) B. S., 1899, 608 E. 30th 

St., Kansas City, Mo. 
George, Blanche (Mrs. George D. Tunnicliff) Cons. 1895, 103 S. 25th St.. 

Omaha, Neb. 
v^George, Florence May, Ex. 1902, 227 Maple Ave., Galesburg, 111. 
Gilbert, Luna D. (Mrs. W. Parlaska) B. S., 1889, 452 Brooks St., Elgin, 

111. 
Gilbert, Perla Margaret, Ex. 1895, 220 Stonewall, St., Greenville, Texas. 
Goddard Jessica B. (Mrs. Joseph Gustafson), Ex. 1900. Orion. 111. 
Greig, Janrt (Mrs. Phillip S. Post), B. L., 1894, 159 E. Grove St., Gales- 
burg, 111. 
„cGriswold, Augusta, Princeton, 111. 
Groves, Louise H. (Mrs. B. P. Bellport) B. S., 1900, La Crosse, Kan. 
Hall, Elizabeth Marie (Mrs. Warren Willard), Ex. 1895, 76 William St., 

New York, N. Y. 
-Hammond, Clarita, 307 S. Garfield Ave. Peoria, 111. 
Hampton. Lucile E.. B. S., 1899, Macomb, 111. 
Healey, Ruth, 467 Downer Place, Aurora, 111. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — EPSILON CHAPTER. 221 

Heaton, Fay (Mrs. W. A. Phillips) Ex. 1899, Sandy Hook, N. J. 
Hedendahl, Frances L. (Mrs. John Milburn) Ex. 1903, 1360 Race St., 

Denver, Colo. 
Hinman k Blanche L., B. L., 1893, (Died, 1898), Bradford, 111. 
Hinman, Marcia Darlene (Mrs. C. H. Mead), Ex. 1904, Chillicothe, 111. 
Hoffman, Grace, B. S., 1890, 2 College Hill, Schenectady, N. Y. 
-JSolmes, F. Louise, A. B., 1905, 517 N. Kellogg, Galesburg, 111. 
Howell, Eleanor G., Ex. 1908, Southold, N. Y. 
Hoyt, Blanche E., Ex. 1905, 367 N. Broad St., Galesburg, 111. 
— Huggins, Blanche E. (Mrs. Rollo Buckley V Ex. 1900, 587 N. Academy 

St., Galesburg, 111. 
Ingersoll, Nannie S. (Mrs. W. A. Irwin) Cons. 1900, 901 Reed St., 

Red Oak, la. 
Ingersoll, Ola (Mrs. McChesney). B. S., 1P89, 1348 Sheridan Drive, 

Chicago, 111. 
Ingersoll, Patsie E. (Mrs. J. M. Tanner) B. S., 1891, S. 7th St., Spring- 
field, 111. 
Johnson, Estelle C. (Mrs. W. S. Post), Ex. 1895, 749 Garland Ave., Los 

Angeles, Cal. 
King, Pauline H. (Mrs. J. E. Kemp) B. S., 1900, E. Prospect St., Ke- 

wanee, 111. 
Lahann, Nina M. (Mrs. Wilfred Arnold), Ex. 1895, 451 N. Cherry St., 

Galesburg, 111. 
- Lanohear, Lillian N., A. B. r 1903, 391 E. Tompkins St., Galesburg, 111. 
Latimer, Lillian (Mrs. E. Shaufelberger") Cons. 1897, 158 N. Main St., 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 
— Laurson, Almedia (Mrs. Alvah Wingert), A. B., 1893, Mt. Carroll, 111. 

Lee, Dorothy, Ex. 1895, 727 20th St., Rock Island, 111. 
-Lescher, Olive G, A. B., 1905, 150 Maple Ave., Galesburg, 111. 
Lewis, Alice K. Special, 423 N. Kellogg, Galesburg, 111. 
Lotts, Geneva (Mrs. Robt. Collins), Ex. 1902, Knoxville, 111. 
^Marsh, Alta J. (Mrs. Fred W. Phillips) B. S., 1893, 431 N. Prairie St., 

Galesburg. 111. 
^Matteson, Grace (Mrs. R. Willis) B. S., 1894, Kirkwood, Mo. 
-^-Matthews, Edna, Ex. 1906, Chillicothe, 111. 

-^McCool, Nellie Hamilton, B. L., 1894, 280 N. Cedar St., Galesburg, 111. 

McClure, Eleanor, Ex. 1908, Ardsley-on-Hudson, New York. 
—- McClure, Mary, Ardsley-on-Hudson, New York. 
Mcintosh, Maude, Cons. 1906, Biggsville, 111. 
McKinley, Elizabeth (Mrs. Wilson Fulton) B. S., 1896, McKinley Ave., 

Kewanee, 111. 
McLaughlin, Ella B. (Mrs. J. James Tunnicliff) Cons. 189(1, East North 

St., Galesburg, 111. 
McLaughlin, Lillian (Mrs. Royal Booth) Cons. 1900, 1209 Arapahoe St., 

Los Angeles, Cal. 
Milchrist, Eleanor (Mrs. E. Eells) B. S., 1891, 214 14th St., Cedar 

Rapids, la. 
Murdoch, Alta (Mrs. James Wasson) Ex. 1903, 725 N. Prairie St., 

Galesburg, 111. 
Mutch, Helen L., Ex. 1907, 76 Amity St., Patchogue, N. Y. 
Ogden, Evelyn, Ex. 1897, Cameron, 111. 
^ Olson, Irene. A. B. : 1905, 725 E. Main St., Galesburg, 111. 

Pendleton, Nettie V., 1455 Vermont St., Quincy, 111. 
^-Perrin. Genevieve J. (Mrs. Herbert Smith), Ex. 1895, 474 N. Academy 

St., Galesburg, 111. 
Plattenburg, Clara, Ex. 1901, N. Chestnut St., Canton, 111. 
Rawalt, Ethel (Mrs. Allan C Rearick). B. S., 1899, Richmond Hill, L. I., 

450 Greenwood Ave., New York, N. Y. 
Rawalt. Maude (Mrs. Hugh A. Walton). B. L., 1894, 701 Deleware Ave., 

Peoria. 111. / VO>W_*^U-w. ^. *fy^^As^ , 



222 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Raymond, Marie H. (Mrs. L. E. Arnold), Ex. 1398, Cor. 5th E. and 2nd 
S. Sts., Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Rex, S. Edna (Mrs. H. A. Parkin) Ex. 1900, 232 E. 47th St., Chicago, 
111. 

Roberts) Lucv G., Ex. 1905, 424 Du Quesne Way. Pittsburg, Pa. 

Roberts, Mae B. (Mrs. E. J. King) B. L. 1891, 537 N. Academy St., 
Galesburg, 111. 

Savini, Vivian, 2654 Du Main St., New Orleans, La. 
Jkott, Rosa G., Ex. 1893, 403 Morris St., Dover, N. J. 

Seacord, Marie, A. B., 1907, 19 E. Losey St., Galesburg, 111. 

Short Lenna B. (Mrs. B. M. Mead), Ex. 1902, 626 Moss Ave., Peoria, 111. 

Shreeves, Jane (Mrs. S. H. Watson), Ex. 1909, Blairstown, Iowa. 
— Shreeves, Mary E., Ex. 1904, Blairstown, la. 
-"Simmon, Gertrude Richards, Ex. 1908, 920 16th St., Moline, 111. 
- Sisson, Frances (Mrs. E. R. Everett); Ex. 1889, 435 N. Kellogg St.. 

Galesburg, 111. 
-Spies, Estella, Ex. 1906, Creston, la. 

Springer, Norah (Mrs. Chas. Mack), Ex. 1899, Wilmette, 111. 

Staat, Lena (Mrs. C. F. Buck), Ex. 1899. Monmouth, 111. 

Staat, Nellie May, Ex. 1895, (Died, December 25, 1895). 

Stoll, Blanche Daytonia, Ex. 1902, Washington, 111. 

Stevenson. May, A. B., 1900, 462 W. Tompkins St., Galesburg, 111. 

Stone, Martha (Mrs. Theodore Hurd) B. S., 1894, 1487 Lime St., River- 
side, Cal. 

Stone, Harriet E. (Mrs. E. R. Drake), B. L., 1897, (Died, Nov. 15, 1906), 
Galesburg, 111. 

Swigert, Harriet Mae, Ex. 1899, 723 18th St., Des Moines, la. 

Tamblin, Eva (Mrs. Fred Howe) Cons. 1891. Beatrice, Neb. 

Terryt Julia T. (Mrs. John Wesley Brown), Ex. 1900, 1372 W. 116th St., 

N. W., Cleveland, Ohio. 
-Thompson, Alma C, A. B., 1907, 239 S. Cherry St., Galesburg, 111. 

Trask, Gertrude K., A. B., 1903, 544 N. Prairie St., Galesburg, 111. 

Tubbs, Lelah May, Ex. 1907, Kirkwood, 111. 
-^ose, lone Lillian, A. B., 1903, U. of C, Y. W. C. A., Boulder, Colo. 

Vose, Marion, Macomb, 111. 

Wahrer, Evelyn, Ex. 1903, 1005 5th Ave., Ft. Madison, la. 

Wells, Edna, Ex. 1904, Rushville, 111. 

-Wertman, Mary E. (Mrs. A. D. Stearns) B. L., 1897, 593 N. Academy 
St., Galesburg, 111. 

Wertman, Norma (Mrs. Guy B. Hardy) A. B., 1904, Galesburg, 111. 

Wertman, Ora, B. S., 1899, 524 N. Broad, Galesburg, 111. 

Wilcox, Harriet (Mrs. Charles Bartlett) Ex. 1903, 1402^ Spring St., 
Quincy, 111. 

Wilmot, Edna (Mrs. F. H. Cole) Ex. 1893, Highlands, Cal. 

Wolff, Bessie L. (Mrs. R. Watson) B. L., 1896, Aledo, 111. 

Wolff, Bertha Louise, Ex. 1904, Aledo, 111. 

Wolff, Nellie R. (Mrs. H. C. Morse) Ex. 1902, 1682 Barry Ave., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Wolff. Opal Schambra, Ex. 1900, Aledo, 111. 

Worden, Mabel (Mrs. L. I. Potter), Ex. 1894, Lincoln Hotel, Morrison 
St., Portland, Oregon. 

Wylie, Edith (Mrs. Hart Walter), Ex. 1893, Princeton, 111. 

Young, Sue, Ex. 1897, Brook St., Roslyndale, Mass. 

ZETA 

Albray, Sarah Abbie, B. L., 1899, 2633 Alms Place, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Andrew, Agnes K, A. B., 1903, Hyde Park, Shaw Ave.. Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Andrew, Ellen B., A. B., 1905, Hyde Park, Shaw Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Babbit, Katherine, A. B., 1902, A. M., 1904, Died 1906, 605 W. 8th St., 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — ZETA CHAPTER. 223 

Bentley, Adele J. (Mrs. Clifford Stegner), B. L., 1899, The Roanoke Fl. 
17 Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Bentley, Louise Estelle, 1907, 3471 Evans Place, Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Bentley, Mary J., A. B., 1898, 359 Resor. Av. Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Black, Caroline, 2125 Fulton Ave., Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Black, Kathleen (Mrs. A. G. Pohlman), 411 Fess Ave., Bloomington, Ind. 

Box, Cora May, 1904, 275 McGregor Ave., Mt. Auburn, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Buck Ruth Adele, Ex. 1905, 628 Oak St., Wl H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Butterworth, Ruth Wales (Mrs. Charles Emerick) B. L., 1899 (trans- 
ferred from I) 12 Massasoit St., Northampton, Mass. 

Callender, Mary (Mrs. Charles Edwin Maunder), Ex. 190Q Fairbury, 111. 

Carstens, Marietta Belle, 4432 Hamilton Ave., Cumminsville, Ohio. 

Chollar, Bessie B. (Mrs. Harvey Louis King), Ex. 1898, 213 Howard St., 
Syracuse, N. Y. 

Church, Louise Woodmansee, Ex. 1903, 4107 Forest Ave., Norwood, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Closterman, Julia E. (Mrs. Frank E. Kugler), A. B.,*1898, 3423 W. 8th 
St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Clyde, Agnes A. (Mrs. Robert Carleton Ricker) B. L, 1899, 412 Wash- 
ington St., Portsmouth, Ohio. 

Clyde, Hester B. (Mrs. John Goddard, Jr.), Ex. 1899, Kiangse Road, 
Shanghai, China. 

Collins, Lucy Weimar, 1904, 24 Glenwood Ave., Dayton, Ohio. 

Cooper, Florence Mathilda, 706 McMillan St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Core, Elizabeth F., Ex. 1902, 12 Bluegrass Ave., Ft. Thomas, Ky. 

Cowen, Mary, 2406 Highland Ave., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. • 

Cunningham, Edna (Mrs. Frank L. Raschig) B. L, 1900, 1326 Grace 
Ave., Mt. Lookout, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Cunningham, Emma (Mrs. G. A. Ginter) A. B., 1901, 3641 Edwards 
Road, Hyde Park, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Darcie. Ida, B. S., 1900, Winchester, Kv. 

Davis, Alice, Ex. 1905, 925 Grand St.," P. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Davis, Ida E., 1904, 925 Grand St., P. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Davis, Virginia M. (Mrs. Chas. M. Conklin), Ex. 1903, 600 Bassett Rd. 
& Crestline Ave., P. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Diserens, Elizabeth, J., A. B., 1902, 2711 Price Ave., P. H, Cincinnati, 
Ohio. 

Du Bray, Almathia, 1906, 3314 Perkins Ave., Avondale, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Dyer, Alma F., 1905, Lehman Road, Mt. Harrison, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Dyer, Eleanor J., Lehman Road, Mt. Harrison, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Esselbom, Emilie (Mrs. W. H. Crane) B. L, 1893, 2348 Auburn Ave , 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Evans, Mary Sibley, B. L, 1897, Box 166, Glendale, Ohio. 

Evans, Teresa Bartlett, Hartwell, Ohio. 

Fairweather, Nellie H., B. L, 1898, S20 Locust St., W. H., Cincinnati. 
Ohio. 

Ferris, Amy Helen, Edgecliffe Road, W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Pick, Alma S., A. B., 1894, 1228 Fairfax Ave., W. H., Cincinnati Ohio. 

Fillmore, Mary Hannah, Ex. 1907, 4228 Floral Ave., Norwood, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 

Fordyce, Evangeline Dorothy, 3553 Bogart Ave., Avondale, Cincinnati, 
Ohio. 

Fortney, Laura May, A. B., 1899, Wyoming, Ohio. 

Fortncy, Sadie A. (Mrs. Elisha F. Cheeseman) B. L, 1895, 40 Walnut 
Ave., Wyoming, Ohio. 

Fortney, Stella M. (Mrs. Melville Ritchie) A. B., 1896, Burns & Elm, 
Wyoming, Ohio. 

French, Florence, 1907, 2444 Observatory Ave., H. P., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

French, Hilda Mildred (Mrs. L R. Herrick) A. B., 1902, Amherst, Mass. 



224 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Glaser, Emma H. (Mrs. E. H. Baldwin) B. L., 1896, 4th & Broadway, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Goodale, Grace (Mrs. E. O. Keator) 1903, Tabernilla, Canal Zone, Pana- 
ma. 

Goode, Florence, 1904, 226 Hosea Ave., Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Hamilton, Ruth, 2145 Grand St., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Harrison, Ellen Brown, "Cumberland," Avondale, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Heise, Viola, Cedar Ave., College Hill, Ohio. 

Hill, Edith R., Ex. 1904, 3128 Woodburn Ave., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Hubbard, Mabel E. (Mrs. Thorn. Birch), Ex. 1906, 119 Mills Ave., Wy- 
oming, Ohio. 

Ireland, Jessie, 1907, 7 McCormick Place, Mt. Auburn, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Johnson, Eleanor B., Ex. 1896, 944 Elberon Ave., Cincinnati^ Ohio. 

Johnston, Cornelia R., B. L., 1894, 3235 Hackberry, Cincinnati, Ohio: 

Jones, Grace (Mrs. Willard McLaughlin), Ex. 1904, Birmingham, Ala. 

Jones, Isabel, Ex. 1905, 818 Considine Ave.,, P. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Jones, Lucile (Mrs. Chester Parker) A. B., 1902, Oxford, Ohio. 

Kinney. Emma B. (transferred from T), B L., 1893, 3600 Mooney Ave., 
H. P., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Kleinschmidt, Ethel, A. B., 1902, 759 McMachen Ave., Winton Place, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Lambdin, Lucy M., B. L., 1894, Ridgelawn & Huntington Ave., College 
Hill, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Lanning, Gertrude (Mrs. Arthur K. Birch), Ex. 1901,. 2012 Wayland Ave. 
Norwood, Cincinnati,; Ohio. 

Latta, Luella Augur, 1896, 20 Latta Ave., Ludlow, Ky. 

Latta, Mary Bates, Ex. 1903, 20 Latta Ave., Ludlow, Ky. 

Lawler, Florence C, B. S., 1899, 13B0 Myrtle Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Layman, Margaret E., A. B., 1891, A. M., 1897, 619 Crown St., Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 

Lewis, Clara Alice, "The Metamora," Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

MacKelfresh, Anne Susan, 1905, Winton Place, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Marpe, Caroline J. (Mrs. Chas. W. Spraul), Ex. 1894, 33 S. Crescent 
Ave., Hartwell, Ohio. 

Marshall, Grace, B. L., 1895, 222 Hosea Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Mussey, Frances (Mrs. Willhelm Lorinson), Ex. 1904, Glendale, Ohio. 

Nieman, Flora (Mrs. Clinton Pyle), Ex. 1901, 14 Calvin St., W. H. v Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

Nieman, Louise, Ex. 1903, Michigan Ave. Hyde Park, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Nieman, Syrian, 1904, Michigan Ave., Hyde Park, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Perin, Levina R. (Mrs. Wm. Thurston Gray), A. B., 1899, 3568 Rosedale 
Place, Avondale. Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Poole, Emily, B. S., 1899, Mt. Healthy, R. R. No. 1, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Powell, Caroline A., A. B., 1895, 2906 Woodburn Ave., W. H.. Cincinnati. 
Ohio. 

Pozvers, Agnes Rose (Mrs. S. G Dunning), A. B., 1895, Camden, Ohio. 

Randell, Jennis (Mrs. A. Alt), Ex. 1900, deceased. 

Ratterman, Katherine, A. B., 1898, 510 York street, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Rawson, Deborah F (Mrs. Vinton Perin), Ex. 1901. Rockdale and Wil- 
son Aves., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Rawson, Nina R., Ex. n95, 3791 Clifton Ave., Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Riley, Estelle M. (Mrs. J. F. Caldwell), B. L., 1892, 410 Wl 8th St., Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

Saylor, Alice (Mrs. Chas. M. Paul), A. B., 1902 : 3524 Mooney Ave., H. 
P., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Schwartz, Amy J., 1906, 378 Terrace Ave., Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Scott, Edith L. (Mrs. S. C. Tomlinson), Ex. 1901, 410 Armory Ave., Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

Seaman, May Kingsley, A. B. r 1908, 2320 Harper Ave., Mt. Auburn, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — ETA CHAPTER. 225 

Shaffer, Iola Bishop, South Elm and Cross Lane, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Shaffer, Lucy Kennedy, 1907, Clifton Springs Ave., Avon, Cincinnati, O. 

Shaw, Juliet, 1903, 2974 Colerain Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Shepard, Margaret, Price and Chateau Aves., Price Hill, Cincinnati, O. 

Sorgel, Ruth Alms, 3235 Harvey Ave., Avondale, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Stegner, Lydia (Mrs. C. Alfred Lammers), Ex. 1898, Gilmore Ave., Oak- 
ley, Ohio. 

Stein, Helen Louise* A. B., 1905, 2823 Parke Ave., W. H., Cincinnati, O. 

Stevens, Lill, A. B., 1902, 911 Elm St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Stewart, Marian, 2122 St. James Ave., Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Tangeman, Elsie, 116 Lyons Ave., Clifton Heights, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Thalheimer, Ethel Seymour, A. B., 1902, 936 Marion Ave., Cincinnati, O. 

Tucker, Bessie A., Ex. 1897, 4221 Chambers St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Tucker, Mary Anne, A. B., 1902, 2211 Highland Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Vincent, Margaret Louise, Ex. 1905, Terrace Park, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Walton, Edna V., Ex. 1903, 1346 Chapel St., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Walton, Ina, Ex. 1905, 1346 Chapel St., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

West, Sarah H. (Mrs. F. W' .Hill), Ex. 1901, 558 Hale Ave., Avon, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

Willey, Alice Edna, Ex. 1903, 3453 Whitfield, Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Wilson, Ella Campbell, 12 Haydock. W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Winterbottom, Fanny Rice, 1907, Montgomery and Williams Aves., Nor- 
wood, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Winterbottom, Mabel, A. B., 1903, Montgomery and Williams Aves., Nor- 
wood, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Young, Helen Minshall, 1906, 2418 Ashland Ave., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

ETA 

Andrews, Hattie Katharine (Mrs. Geo. I. Forbes), Ph. B., 1891, 215 Pearl 

St., Burlington, Vt. 
Babbit, Jessie Ellen, Ex. 1894, 613 Meridian Ave., So. Pasadena, Cal. 
Baird, Charlotte Livera. 
Bristol, Edith Cook (Mrs. A. D. Bristol), Ph. B., 1903, 457 Main St. r 

Burlington, Vt. 
Butler, Mary Lucretia (Mrs. H. C. Pomeroy), Ex. 1900. Eigner Terrace, 

Cleveland St., Elyria, Ohio. 
Campbell, Carrie Lyle, Lyndonville, Vt. 
Campbell, Florence C. (Mrs. Erwin B. Jones)) Ex. 1891, Ocean Beach, 

Cuba. 
Chapman. Ethel Watkins, 1905, Sutton, Vt. 
Clark, Helen Gordon, Ph. B., 1904, Vergennes, Vt. 
Deavitt, Carrie Esther, A. B., 189S, 11 Baldwin St., Montpelier, Vt. 
Douglas, Florence Louise, B. L., 1902, West Haven, Vt. 
Douglas, Helen O., West Haven, Vt. 
Douglass, Mary Gertrude (Mrs. Deane S. Bliss), Ex. 1894, Dorset St., 

So. Burlington, Vt. 
Dunsmoor, Delia May, 1906, Windsor, Vt. 

Enright, Anna Hyland, Ex. 1903, 249 Pearl St., Burlington, Vt. 
Enright, Daisy Maude, 1905, Windsor, Vt. 

Enright. Elizabeth Evelyn, Ex. 1905, 56 So. Union, Burlington, Vt. 
Field, Bertha Isadore, Ph. B., 1902, N. Springfield, Vt. 
Fishrr, Helen Frances, Vergennes, Vt. 
Forbes, Marian Martin, Ex. 1898, West Haven, Vt. 
Fox, Alice Ethel, Bradford, Pa. 
Harding, Delia Nell, Ph. B., 1904, Corinth, Vt. 
Harding, Evelyn, Corinth, Vt. 
Harding, Grace, Corinth, Vt. 
Harrison, Mary Wilson (Mrs. Fred Hubbard), A. B., 1900. 2 Cope 

Apartments, Wilkinsburg, Pa. 



226 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Hayden, Olive, Underbill, Vt 

Hendee, Helen Grace, Ph. B., 1893, 16 Buell St., care Mrs. Allen, Bur 

lington, Vt. 
Hyzer, Alice Minora, Randolph Center, Vt. 
Isham, Alice Ethel (Mrs. R. C. Mace), Ex. 1905, Williston, Vt. 
Johnson, Elizabeth Converse, A. B., 1902, died Sept, 1905;. Burlington, Vt. 
Johnson, May, Ex. 1903, 74 Adams St., Burlington, Vt. 
Jones, Eva Addie, A. B., 1895, North Ave., Burlington, Vt. 
Jones, Marguerite, North Ave., Burlington, Vt. 
Joslyn, Mary Frances (Mrs. Hugh H. Watson), Ex. 1907, Three Rivers. 

Canada. 
Keeler, Pearlie L. C. (Mrs. Chas. Weed), Ex. 1894, Essex Center, Vt. 
Kennedy, Ida Blanche, Ex. 1907, Waterbury, Vt. 
Lee, Adele Irene, A. B., 1897, Lewis, N. Y. 
Lee Irene Emily (Mrs. Leonard Ver Mehr), Ph. B., 1894, care Ver Mehr, 

Berkeley, Cal. 
Leonard, Abbie Katharine, A. B., 1898, A. M., 1904, Grafton, Vt 
Lilley, Anna Mary, Ph. B., 1902, 3520 Osceola St., Denver, Colo. 
Little, Frances Louise, Ph. B., 1904, 25 Brooks Ave., Burlington, Vt. 
Lockwood, Nora Irene. Ex. 1904, 159 So. Union St., Burlington, Vt. 
Lucia, Emily Wheelock (Mrs. Will Thayer), Ph. B., 1899, died March 7, 

1904. 
Mackenzie, Mary Dearstyne, A. B., 1902, Trans, to O., 608 Grand St.. 

Troy, N. Y. 
McElroy, Madge Elizabeth, Ph. B., 1901, Bakersfield, Vt. 
Merrihew. Maud Leonora, Ph. B., 1902, So. Burlington, Vt. 
Millham, Margaret Alice, Ph. B., 1898 (Mrs. Carl Platka), Williston, Vt. 
Mills, Maude Louise, Ex. 1904, W. Woodstock, Vt. 
Needham, Martha Ella (Mrs. Paul G. Clark), A. B., 1900, 63 William St., 

Portland, Me. 
Nott, Cornelia Elva, Ex. 1900, care Chas. Nott, R. F. D , 2, Mayfield Cal. 
Nye, Carolyn Bailey, Ex. 1897, 194 Maple St., Burlington, Vt. 
Paddock, Mary Crafts (Mrs. Frank W. Hazen), Ph. B., 1899, Falmouth, 

Mass. 
Pember, Julia Emily, Ex. 1901, 29 York Ave., Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 
Perry, Gertrude Louise, Ex. 1904, Chikhli, Berar, India. 
Pollock, Gertrude Ellen, 343 E. Main St., Bradford, Pa. 
Potwin, Jean Wheeler (Mrs. Harry A. Collins), Ex. 1898, No. 4 Union 

St., Branden, Vt. 
Rember, Lillian Dell, Ex. 1900, Franklin, Vt. 

Richmond, Elizabeth Agnes, Ex. 1900, 46 No. Winooski Ave., Burling- 
ton, Vt. 
Shepard, Anna Brown, Ex. 1901, Ticonderoga, N. Y. 
Sherburne, Annie Laurie, A. B. 1897., N. Pomfret, Vt. 
Shetland, May Van Dyke, 10 Walker Ave., Troy, N. Y. 
Smith, Edith Emma (Mrs. Merton L. Simpson) t Ph. B., 1896, 51 Brookes 

Ave., Burlington, Vt. 
Spafford, Mattie Elizabeth, A. B., 1896, 5 Royce St., Rutland, Vt. 
Towle, Phebe Maria, Ex. KS95, 19 Orchard Terrace, Burlington, Vt. 
Whittemore, Ruby Gertrude, Hudson, Mass. 

Wilcox, Grace Lovantia, Ph. B., 1896, 522 Marshall St., Somerville, Mass. 
Woodworth, Jessie Patience, A. B., 1902, Westfield, Vt. 

THETA 

Adams, Cara Mav, B. S., 1901, Fargo, N. D. 
Adams, Edna S., died Aug. 1903. 

Allan, Mary, 2135 N. Emerson Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Angle, Claribel, B. S., 1897, died March 15, 1903. 

Babcock, Ruth Eloise, A. B., 1903, 1041 12th Ave. S. E, Minneapolis, 
Minn. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — THETA CHAPTER. 227 

Bennett, Kate, B. L., 1899, 1227 4th St. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Blanckard, Lucy (Mrs. LeFieldt Jorgenson), Dr. Pharmacy, 1895, Chat- 
field, Minn. 

Bodenstedt, Eleanor M. von (Mrs. Robt. Moore), A. B., 1904, South 
Prairie, Wash. 

Boyson, Mabel, 516 16th Ave., S. E., Minneapolis. Minn. 

Bruegger, Lucie, Ex. 1905, 2732 Elliot Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Bruegger, Vida (Mrs. B. S. Adams), B. L., 1898, 426 Mahoning St., Hib- 
bing, Minn. 

Buchanan, Mabel Rose (Mrs. Orrin Reylea), 1205 Bloomfield St., Hobo- 
ken, N. J. 

Buchanan, Mary E. (Mrs. Chas Sumner), 1149-Aldrich Ave. N., Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

Buehler, Hettie G. (Mrs. Lee Galloway), B. L, 1899, 69 W. 100th, New 
York City. 

Cawley, Margaret Gray, trans, to M Pipeston,, Minn. 

Cooper, Winifred, Sauk Center, Minn. 

Covert, Bessie A. (Mrs. F. Ewing), Ex. 1902, 1108 25th Ave. S. E., 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Craig, Agnes Somerville, Ex. 1904, 1221 Summit Ave., Pasadena, Cal. 

Crocker, Edna F. (Mrs. Edmund Berg), B. L., 1900. 

Crpzier, Mary Ruth (Mrs. Mary C. Mclntyre), B. L, 1900, Monticello, 
Minn. 

Daniel, May (Mrs. Walter Benedict), B. L, 1899, 150 S. Monroe Ave., 
Columbus, O. 

Dorsett, Harriet (Mrs. Clyde Corkette), Ex. 1904, 727 Hennepin Ave., 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Davidson, Belle, B. L, 1898. 

Dyar, Alice E. (Mrs. Bert Russell), A. B., 1903, Forest Glen, Md. 

Eaton, Mabelle, A. B., 1905, 1427 Bryant Ave. N., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Edgar, Caroline A. (Mrs. Dr. Chas. Erdman), M. D., 1893, 612 9th Ave., 
S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Fiske, Grace, Ex. 1905, Plainview, Minn. 

Gerrish, Judith Alice, Ex. 1905, 1310 Wilcox Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Gilger, Bessie, 2700 Garfield Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Gould, Edna Hall, 1907, 208 5th Ave. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Gould, Marion Rees, 208 5th Ave S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Hicks, Frances, 1907, 168 Nina Ave., St. Paul Minn. 

Houlton, Alice (Mrs. A. H. Hoffman V Dr. Pharmacy, lf.95, 405 Pierce 
St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Houlton, Ruth, A. B., 1893, Elk River, Minn. 

Huelster, Mildred Estelle, 1906, 1091 Reaney St., St. Paul, Minn. 

Jacobsen, Effie (Mrs. H. F. Christoferson), B. S., 1899, Luverne, Minn. 

Johnson, Adella, 1905, 2100 Stevens Lane, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Johnson, Ella, Winona. Minn. 

Johnson, Ruth Revere, 2216 Humboldt Ave. So., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Klampe, Lela M., Ex. 1897, 4224 Park Blvd., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Lane, Ruth L., 1903, Trans, to T, Winona, Minn. 

Lawrence, Marion, 4231 S. Washburn, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Lockman, Jessie F, 204 Harvard St. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Loomis, Veda, 1036 13th Ave. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Luce, Elizabeth (Mrs. Bernard Luebner), A. B., 1897, 655 Monroe Ave., 
Detroit, Mich. 

Mahoney, Laura C. (Mrs. Guy Huntington), A. B., 1901, Lemar, Colo. 

Martindale, Bess, Litchfield, Minn. 

Mayo, Helen M., 1906, 1701 Emerson Ave. N., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Mcbermid, Kate, B. S., 1897, 2703 Bloomington Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Means, Jane May (Mrs. Eric Dalgren), B. L, 1898, 521 W. 159th St., 
New York City, N. Y. 

Morgan, Edith M., Ex. 1905, Box 35 Duarte, Los Angeles Co., Cal. 



228 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Newton, Fay Margaret, 1906, 180 E. Winifred St., St. Paul, Minn. 

Olds, Alice Alena, B. L., 1901, Luverne,. Minn. 

Palmer, Alice Hamblen, 2102 2nd Ave. So., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Palmer, Ethel G. (Mrs. Harry Canfield), 1906, Hatton, N. D. 

Parker, Belle Louise, A. B., 190G, Pickwick, Minn. 

Patch, Edith Marion, B. S., 1901, Orono, Maine. 

Perkins, Eliza A. (Mrs. Jesse C. Pope), B. L., 1895, died Aug., 1902. 

Plummer, Lydia May (Mrs. West Wooly), B. L., 1896, Grand Rapids, 
Minn. 

Priest, Janet (Mrs. Thos. Robb, Jr,), B. L. 1899, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Quinn, Helen M., Kokomo, Ind. 

Richards, Grace Evaleen, 2639 Harriett Ave S„ Minnrapolis, Minn. 

Robinson, Louise (Mrs. J. E. Rhodes), B. L., 1892, 2508 Pleasant Ave 
S., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Rubeck, Belle E., Dr. Pharmacy, 1902, Elk River, Minn. 

Siegler, Lillian A.. B. S., 1896, 1223 4th Ave., Spokane, Wash. 

Simms, Marjorie A., 1085 14th Ave. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Smith, Greta E., Ex. 1898, 2620 5th Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Smith, Gratia H., Ex. 1896, Bloomer, Wis. 

Smith, Mary C. (Mrs. W. A. Gates), A. B., 1896, 2914 Grove St., Berke- 
ley, Cal. 

Spear, Florence Harriet, 514 5th St. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Stamm, Frieda, 1907, 105 N. Smith Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 

Stevens, Lilian, Ex. 1905, Amite, La. 

Stene, Isabel C, A. B., 1905, 1928 Colfax Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Thomas, Edith, M. A., 1902, died Dec, 1903. 

Webster, Jennie, Ex. 1905, 3037 James Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Wheaton, Maude Esther, B. L, 1900, Elk River, Minn. 

Whittemore Josephine (Mrs. H. J. Pfiffer), A. B., 1903. Havana, N. D. 

Wilbur, Clara, Ex. 1897, Freeport, N. Y. 

Younglove, Ada, Ex. 1897, Atlantic, la. 

IOTA 

Allison, Helen May (Mrs. W. H. Adkinson), Ex. 1900, 2815 Southerland 

Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Averill, Harriet T. (Mrs. B. G. Hass), Ex. 1900, San Francisco, Cal. 
Bateman, Katharine, deceased. 
Beebe, Ada. 

Boulson, Elizabeth, Ph. B.. 1900, Neguanee, Mich. 
Boyle, Blanche C. (Mrs. Earl Mason Brown), I. C. C. Hospital Empire, 

Colon, Panama. Canal Zone. 
Brown, Gertrude (Mrs. Osmond Tower), Ex. 1896, 103 Chestnut North, 

Lansing, Mich. 
Broivn, Hariette Alvira (Mrs. F. M. McCreary), Ex. 1895, 3236 16th Ave. 

W. Seattle, Wash. 
Brown, Nellie Adalesa, 1901, 3561 11th St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 
Burke, Daisy Emma 1899, Scott Ave.. Hubbard Woods, III. 
Butterworth, Ruth (Mrs. Charles F. Emerick), (trans, to Z.) B. L, 1899, 

12 Massasoit St., Northampton, Mass. 
Chase, Ethel Winifred Bennett. 1903, 251 Hubbard Ave., Detroit, Mich. 
Dahlstrom, Alma Mana (Mrs. F. T. Nolan), 1902, "The Dorothy," Butte. 

Mont. 
Danforth, EfHc L. (Mrs. James Renwick McAfee), 1897, 134 Rich Ave.. 

Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
Dugdale, Elizabeth, 1896, 128 W. Washington, Goshen, Ind. 
Field, Mary Goodrich, 1901, 485 S. Clinton St., Maxwell Settlement 

Chicago, 111. 
Fredlund, Ingeborg Sophia, 1900, 611 Church St. Ann Arbor, Mich. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — KAPPA CHAPTER. 229 

Haun, Gertrude (Mrs. D. C. Harrington), A. B., 1901, 116 Florida 
St., Calumet. Mich. 

Hillman, Eva (Mrs. Harry F. Johnson), 1902, 623 Trumbull Ave., De- 
troit, Mich. 

Jenkins, Florence, Tecumseh, Mich. 

Kempf, Helen (Mrs. Elmer H. Close), Ph. B., 1900, Toledo, Ohio. 

Lobb, Elizabeth Janettev Ex. 1899. 

Loxlcy, Leanore, 5034 Woodlawn Ave,. Chicago, 111. 

Millen, Mrs. Chas, 815 Lawrence St., Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Orsborn, Almerene (Mrs. A. T. Montgomery), Ph. B., 1896, Ionia, Mich. 

Popkins, Edith M. (Mrs. Arthur H. Covert), Ex. 1899, 656 Second Ave., 
Detroit, Mich. 

Powell, Josephine (Mrs. H. J. Hornbogen), A. B., 1898, Marquette, Mich. 

Reichmann, Charlotte L. (Mrs. McKee), 553 Winthrop Ave., Chicago. 111. 

Reichmann, Alvena D., Ex. 1900, deceased. 

Shelley, Lucille (Mrs. Thomas A. Berkebile), A. B., 1898, 1705 B. Ave.. 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Suber, Georgia (Mrs. Ellsworth Bartram), 1900, 1015 Orange St., Los 
Angeles, Cal. 

Thomson, D. Zena, 1906, 530 Broad St., Lake Charles, La. 

Todt, Edith Edna, 1902, 550 14th Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

Walters, Nellie (Mrs. Nellie W. Krogman), B. L, 1897, Oak St., Ishpem 
ing, Mich. 

"Wilcox, Alice E., 1902, Storm Lake, Iowa. 

KAPPA 

Abbott, Fern (Mrs. Fred R. Richardson), Ex. 1902, Copeland, Idaho. 

Adair, Helen, Ex. 1903, 20 W. 27th St., Kearney, Neb. 

Albers, Jessie, Fremont, Neb. 

Allen, Helen, 2854 S. Street, Lincoln, Neb. 

Ames, Mary Henderson, Ex. 1893, Public Library, Grand Island, Neb. 

Auld, Alice A., Ex. 1904, 1113 So. 31 St., Omaha, Neb. 

Auld, Eola Mack (Mrs. H. P. Peterson), Ex. 1903, 1111 S. 31st St., Oma- 
ha, Neb. 

Bacon. Mrs. Dorothy G. (Mrs. James H. McClintock), 1899, 439 E. Wash- 
ington St., Phoenix, Ariz. 

Barbour, Eleanor, 1234 R street, Lincoln, Neb. 

Barton, Jessie, 441 N. 28th St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Bignell, Ethelin Josephine (Mrs. Chas E. Matson), Ex. 1903, 719 S. 16th 
St., Lincoln Neb. 

Bonnell, Daisy F., B. S., 1899, 1245 Q St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Bonnell, Fay, 1245 Q St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Bonnell, Winifred, Ex. 1903, 1245 Q St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Brush, Lynn, Ex. 1903. Ashland, Neb. 

Brush, Maude, Ex. 1900, Ashland, Neb. 

Bryant, Clara L., A. B., 1896, 410 Oak St., Anaconda Mont. 

Butler, Ada, deceased. 

Butler, Florence, 2837 Q St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Byers, Margaret, 1510 G. St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Cady, Adnell (Mrs. George Pyne), A. B., 1903, St. Paul, Neb. 

Campbell, Lena, 134 S. 28th St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Casebeer, Agnes, D. S., 1903. 600 E. Main St., Independence, Kan. 

Chadwick, F. Winifred, Ex. 1903, 22nd and 1st Ave., Kearney, Neb. 

Chenoweth, Zoe, Ex. 1905, Ohiowa, Neb. 

Covev. Rae M., Saint Paul, Neb. 

Cox, Mable, Special, 1501 B St. ; Lincoln. Neb. • 

Crowe, Inez, Ex. 1903, Carson, Iowa. 

Currie, Keo, Broken Bow, Neb. 

Davenport, Mae (Mrs. Douglas Donald), Ex. 1901, Fort Neobrara. Neb. 



230 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Dean, Nellie, A. B., 1897, A. M., 1901, 2021 E. Sprague Ave., Spokane, 
Wash. 

Dilworth, Alice Maud (Mrs. Elmer Conley), Ex. 1904, 3023 Chicago 
St., Omaha, Neb. 

DuBois, Ada (Mrs. Stephen Audley Reasoner), A. B., 1898, 2208 F. Ave., 
Kearney, Neb. 

Duteil, Bertha, Ex. 1898. 127 N. 17th, Lincoln, Neb. 

Forbes, Fay, Nebraska City, Neb. 

Frankish, Ellen II., A. B.. 1897, 1345 S. 18th St , Lincoln, Neb. 

Glasgow, Blanche (Mrs. Wm. Taylor), 1106 St. John's Place, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

Graves, Fannie L., 1907, Shelton, Neb. 

Gray, Helen, Fremont, Neb. 

Grimmison, Margaret, 1905, Schuyler, Neb. 

Gund, Edna Mann, A. B., 1903, 234 S. 27th St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Harrison, Florence, Grand Island, Neb. 

Hartley, Mayme, 1711 L. St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Hazelett, Maudei Ex. 1901, 8 City Block, Lincoln, Neb. 

Heilman, Ellen (Mrs. Ellen Heilman Johnson), Ex. 1900, Missouri Val- 
ley, la. 

Hermanson, Clara, Kearney, Neb. 

Hoberg, Minnie, Ex. 1905, Spencer, la. 

Hover, Winifred, B. L., 1907, Lima College, 515 N. Jamison Ave., Lima, 
Ohio. 

Hudson, Myrtle, 1631 R St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Hudson, Vinda, Ex. 1907, 1631 R St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Hunter, Esther, Fremont, Neb. 

Keach, Minnie Katherine (Mrs. Emory R. Buckner), Ex. 1905, New 
York City, N. Y. 

Koch, Alma, Ex. 1900, 135 E. 42nd Place, Chicago, 111. 

Koehler, Sophia Margaret, A. B., 1902, Le Mars, la. 

Lauer, Hazel, 1906, Melick Court 13th and K Sts., Lincoln, Neb. 

Lauffer, Myrtle, Ex. 1904, Virginia City, Mont. 

Loomis, Leo, Ex. 1903, Fremont, Neb. 

Losch, Blanche R. (Mrs. Arthur L Tucker), Ex. 1900, Cedar Rapids, Neb. 

Losch, Grace (Mrs. Norris A. Huse), A. B., 1903, 211 N. 11th St., Nor- 
folk. Neb. 

Losch, Lulu, Ex., 1905, West Point, Neb. 

Lumry, Bess., Ex. 1907, Garrison, N. D. 

Lumry. Katherine, 1905, Fargo, N. D. 

Mackin, Clare, A. B., 1903, Nebraska City, Neb. 

Manahan, Mrs. Minnie K., Ex. Special, St. Paul. Minn. 

Miller, Mamie (Mrs. Percy Metz), B. S., 1901, Basin, Wyo. 

Minich, Jean, Palmer, Neb. 

Moore, Cleone, Ex. 1904, 2208 Mouffitt Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Morrison, Estella, 1631 F. St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Muir, Anita (Mrs. Frederick H. Abbott), Ex. 1898, Columbus, Neb. 

Muir, Harriet, 1801 S. 17th St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Murray, Hazel Moye (Mrs. Richard J. Clark), Ex. 1904, 19th & Y., Lin- 
coln, Neb. 

Norris, Ethel, Ex. 1905, 149 Calle Real Ermita, Manila, Philippine, I. 

O'Conner, Bess, Missouri Valley, Iowa. 

Palmer, Jeanette, Ex. 1903, 945 F. St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Palmquist, Laura, Spencer, Iowa. 

Perrin, Edna, "State Farm," Lincoln. Neb. 

Pershing. May. 130 S. 28th St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Pierce, Cora, Ex. 1904, B4air, Neb. 

Powers, Pearl (Mrs. O. J. Fee), Ex. 1902. 2659 Euclid Ave., Lincoln, Neb. 

Poynter, Josephine. Cons. 1902, 349 S. 27th St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Raper, Pauline, Pawnee City, Neb. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA LAMBDA CHAPTER. 231 

Reynolds, May, Ex. 1903, 909 N. I. St., Fremont, Neb. 

Riley, Helen A. (Mrs. C. C. Goodrich > Ex. 1895, Cedar Rapids, Neb. 

Roberts, Edith T., Ex. 1903, 2615 N. Street, Lincoln, Neb. 

Roberts, Flora, Ex. 1902, White Hall, Montana. 

Rogers, Anna, 1632 L. St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Roman, Lillian, 1336 E. Street, Lincoln, Neb. 

Rothwell, Nell, Ex. 1907, 1624 K. St., Lincoln, Neb. 

Sails, Grace, Ex. 1900. (trans, from B), 1618 Boone Ave., Spokane, Wash. 

Smith, Clara King (Mrs. T. Woodward Jones), Ex. 1897, Wayne, Neb. 

Smith, Salina, Beaver Crossing, Neb. 

Steele, Lavinia, Ex. 1900, Coon Rapids, la. 

Steven, Edna, Shelton, Neb. 

Taylor, Anna L., A. B., 1897, 2305 H. St., South Omaha, Neb. 

Taylor, Sara Vorc, A. B., 1896, 2305 H. St., S. Omaha, Neb. 

Theobald, Monte J., (trans, to M) Wayne, Neb. 

Thompson, Lillian Yoder (Mrs. James G. Benedict), Ex. 1901, 2918 E. 

29th St., Kansas City, Mo. 
Tweed, Ada, Davenport, Neb. 

Vanderveer, Alma, 1905, 225 S. 18th St., Lincoln, Neb. 
Ventors, Elsie, 1635 C. Street, Lincoln, Neb. 
Von Mmtsfclde, Bell, A. B., 1897, A. M., 1898, Ashland, Neb. 
Von Mansfelde, Duty, A. B., 1895, Ashland, Neb. 
Von Mansfelde, Johanna, A. B., 1895, Ashland, Neb. 
Vote, Anna, A. B., 1900, 3003 J. St., Lincoln, Neb. 
Walker, Louisa (Mrs. W. B. Burns), Cons. 1904, 3521 Lafayette Ave., 

Omaha, Neb. 
Whitcomb, Lila, Ex. 1903, 1017 S. 16th St., Lincoln, Neb. 
Whitcomb, Pauline, Ex. 1905, 1017 S. 16th St., Lincoln, Neb. 
Whittier, Bernice, Ph. B., 1907, Iowa College, Grinnell, Whiting, la. 
Whittier, Julia Edith, Ex. 1903, Whiting, Iowa. 
Wilson, Veda M., A. B., 1898, Ashland, Neb. 

LAMBDA 

Allen, Ada, Chanute, Kan. 

Allen,, Celia, A. B., 1905, Baldwin, Kan. 

Allen, Ora, 1906, Chanute, Kan. 

Ames, Nora Dale, B. L., 1904, Baldwin, Kan. 

Amos, Margaret Janet, Cons. 1900, Baldwin, Kan. 

Bailey, Mae (Pledged), died Jan. 1907, 

Balsley, Helen, Ex. 1903, 1328 Tenn. St., Lawrence, Kan. 

Beasley, Charlotte (Mrs. R. D. Williams), A. B., 1897, Argentine, Kan. 

Benedict, Emily Isabel (Mrs. Morriss Hamilton), A. B., 1902, Leaven- 
worth, Kan. 

Betzer, Margaret, 714 Tyler St., Topeka, Kan. 

Brcyfogle, Grace (Mrs. Chas. W. Jones), B. L., 1895, Lenexa, Kan. 

Byers, Jessie, 530 N. Main, Ottawa- Kan. 

Carrico, Reba K. (Mrs. G. M. Lisk), Ex. 1906, 101 Flynn Ave., Alva, 
Okla. 

Caudry, Zula Zaun (Mrs. J. W. Dunn), Ex. 1900. 

Cavaness, Ethel (Mrs. J. L. Taylor), A, B., 1897, Pittsburg, Kan. 

Challis, Ray, Ex. 1903, Westmoreland, Kan. 

Clark, Ella" (Mrs. George Cell), A. B., 1901, Goethe St. Portal II, Char- 
lottenburg, Germany. 

Coppock, Leda Belle (Mrs. A. C. Hallowell), Ex. 1900. Rosedale, Kan, 

Cullison, Cora (Mrs. J. S. Hibbard), Ph. B., 1897, Argentine, Kan. 

Darbyshire, Esther, 719 N. Florence St., El Paso, Tex. 

Davis, Edith, Arkansas City, Kan. 

Dean, Ethel (Mrs. W. C. Ball),, Ex. 1901, Webb City, Mo. 

Dean. Nira Ethel (Mrs. Benedict), Ex. 1898, Chicago, 111. 



232 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Dearborn, Estelle Delight (Mrs. Craig Graham), Ex. 1899, Beloit, Kan. 
Dudgeon, Edith M., Ph. B., 1890, 1127 Haskell Ave., Kansas City, Kan. 
Eaton, Grace (Mrs. J. G. White), Ex. 1903* 79 F St., Salt Lake City, 
Utah. 

Edwards, Wilna Moore, 1907, To^eka, Kan. 

Farrar, Dale, Axtell, Kan. 

Fisher, Lucille Mary (Mrs. Harvey Morriss), Cons. 1898, Oswego, Kan. 

Follin, Aura M. (Mrs. J. T. Docker), Ph. B., 1898, 529 W. .% Hotel Love- 
joy, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Follin, Ella Rachel (Mrs. Chas. Beeks), Ex. 1894, Baldwin, Kan. 

Follin, Emma Alice, Ph. B., 1902, 240 N. Lawrence, Wichita, Kan. 

Follin, Mary Alma, Ex. 1897, 1414 S. Hope St., Los Angeles, Cal. 

French, Ethel Evelyn, 2446 Brooklyn Ave., Kansas City, Mo. 

Hair, Anna May (Mrs. M. C. Findley)/. A. B., 1891, Grant's Pass, Oregon 

Hand, Mary Eleanor (Mrs. W. M. Simpson), Ph. B., 1897, 543 Locust 
Ave., Long Beach, Cal. 

Hempill, Margaretta, Reno, Kan. 

Hestwood, Rosa Mabel (Mrs. E. L. Carson), Ex. 1903, Great Bend, Kan. 

Hilty, Josephine Barbara. 

Hobartj. Emily Adelaide, Ex. 1901, Osage City, Kan. 

Hoch, Anna, A. B., 1907, Governor's Mansion, Topeka, Kan. 

Hoover, Carrie (Mrs. Will Markham), A. B., 1890, Baldwin, Kan. 

Hoover, Fern, Baldwin, Kansas. 

Hunsicker, Lillie M., A. B., 1900, 57 Washington St., Chicago, 111. 

Imboden, Blanche S. (Mrs. Harry W. Stanley), 1905, 945 Buffum, Wichi- 
ta, Kans. 

Imboden, Hortense, 1908, 215 N. Emporia, Wkhita, Kan. 

Ives, Mary Sophia (Mrs. Forest Hartley), A. B., 1895, 325 Olive St.. 
Kansas City, Mo. 

Keatch, Minnie (Mrs. Minnie K. Buckner) 1900, Wilbur, Neb. 

Kemp, Harriet, A. B., 1901, Pestalozzi Sts. 65, Charlottenburg, Berlin. 
Germany. 

Kibler, Josephine, Wellsville, Kan. 

Lakin, Maude, 1901, (Deceased). 

Leach, Grace, Baldwin, Kan. 

Leavitt, Maude, 1907, Paola, Kan. 

Lockhart, Grace Isabel (Mrs. L. D. Edgington), A. B., 1904, Alta Vista, 
Kan. 

Markham, Dora C. (Mrs. H. A. Clark^ A. B., 1896, 112 Raynor St., 
Syracuse, N. Y. 

Markham, Iva, LeMar, Colo. 

McDaniel, Ida, Ph. B., 1901, 325 N. Fourth Ave., Phoenix, Ariz. 

McDaniel, Stella, A. B., 1907, Baldwin, Kan. 

Mclntire, Amy (Mrs. Chas. Mahan), A. B.. 1906, Longton, Kan. 

Mclntire, Mary, Ex. 1907, Guaniajuato, Mexico. 

McKenney, Grace Alice, Winchester, Kan. 

Mitchell, Lillie (Mrs. Enoch Piersol), Cons. 1897, Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Mitchler, May, Cons. 1894, Paola, Kan. 

Murray, Mary (Mrs. James Hair), Ph. B., 1892, Grant's Pass, Oregon. 

Nixon, Ella (Mrs. F. N. Hair), 1895, Baldwin, Kan. 

Parke, HazeV Phillipsburg, Kan. 

Palmer, Frances May, 1904, El Reno, Okla. 

Parmenter, Helen, Baldwin, Kan. 

Parmenter, Lucile, Baldwin, Kan. 

Porter, Anna Downey, Baldwin, Kan. 

Porter, Helen, Baldwin, Kan. 

Reed, Georgiana (Mrs. Nelson Case).. B. L., 1889, Oswego, Kan. 

Reed, Gertrude, 902 Moffet Ave., Joplin, Mo. 

Reed, Hortense Jane, 1902, Texarkana, Ark. 

Richards, Rena (Mrs. John D. Hunter), 1901, 900 Benton Boulevard, Kan- 
sas City, Mo. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — MU CHAPTER. 233 

Rucker, Burdee, Baldwin, Kan. 

Sain, Jane (Mrs. Parks Helmick), Ex. 1898, 630 S. Highland, Chanute, 
Kan. 

Sain, Lydia, B. L., 1398, M. L., 1902, Neosho Falls, Kan. 

Scott, Ruth B., 1899, Ottawa, Kan. 

Seaton, Mary (Mrs. Walter P. Wharton), Moran, Kan. 

Smith, Hortense, Independence, Kan. 

Smith* Lois Louise, 1540 Mass. Ave., Lawrence, Kan. 

Stanley, Harriet, A. B,. 1907, The Riverside, Wichita, Kan. 

Sterling, Harriet K., A. B., 1906, Peabody, Kan. 

Swan, Zola E. (Mrs. G. D. Lunbeck), A. B., 1899, 3920 E. 18th St., Kan- 
sas City, Mo. 
Taggart, Gussie May (Mrs. Scott Bedford)., Ex. 1904, 634 E. 56th St., 

Chicago, 111. 
Thompson, Laura, Ex. 1906, 337 Exposition St., Wichita, Kan. 
Thorne, Delia, Waterdale, Kan. 

Thorne, Ethelyn G. (Mrs. Wm. Johnson), A. B., 1905, Pullman, Wash. 
Tulley, Margaret M., Cons. 1906, Independence, Kan. 
Tulley, Mary E., 1906, Independence, Kan. 
Van Patten, Mary, 1906, Burlingame, Kan. 

Walker, Reba (Mrs. D. E. Waggoner), Ex. 1903, 316 S. 6th St., Inde- 
pendence, Kan. 
Walter, Althea Jeannette, 1907,, Kingman, Kan. 
Wharton, Edna (Mrs. Homer Hoch), B. L., 1903, Governor's Mansion,. 

Topeka, Kan. 
Wickard, Sue, Baldwin, Kan. 
Wilev, Laura, Ex. 1906, Eldorado, Kan. 

Williams, Laura, Ex. 1906, (Northwestern U.), North Yakima, Wash. 
Wolfe, Edna R. (Mrs. P. M. Pearson), B. L., 1895, Swarthmore College, 

Swarthmore, Penn. 
Wright. Beulah, Oratory 1897, (trans, to T), Univ. of S. C, Los Angeles, 

Cal. 
Wright, Pluma Lou, Ex. 1905, 510 W. 1st St., Pittsburg, Kan. 
Yoe, Edna (Mrs. Al Bryant), 210 S. 10th, Independence, Kan. 
Yoe, Ruth, Independence, Kan. 

MU 

Allen, Elsie C. (Mrs. Frank Koontz), Ex. 1900, 635 Greenwood Ave., 

Chicago, 111. 
Allen, Florence E., M. L.„ 1900, 1212 W. Johnson, Madison, Wis. 
Anderson, Julia Marjorie, B. S., 1903, Oconomowoc, Wis. 
Anderson, Lela, Ex. 1900, Augusta, Wis. 

Anderson, Selina Elizabeth, 1906, 1615 W. 6th St., Racine, Wis. 
Bao-ley, Zillah Julia, 1133 Rutledge. Madison, Wis. 

Bellack, Mabel Jeanette, Ex. 1901, 468 Kenilworth Pt, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Berrick, Marv Louise. 

Binz, Elsie, Ex. 1904, 4448 Prairie Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Borresen, Alice Julia. 207 West Ave. S., La Crosse, Wis. 
Burnham, Ethel Romelia, 124 N. 7th St., La Crosse, Wis. 
Campbell, Daisy (Mrs. Chas. Jensch), B. S., 1899, Hudson. Wis. 
Carter, Bessie Ann, Lancaster, Wis. 
Carter, Ethel Suzanne, Lancaster, Wis. 
Cawley, Margaret (trans, from ©), Pipeston, Minn. 
Chritzman, Elizabeth Z., Ex. 1909, Kewanee, 111. 
Clifford, Grace Claudia, Ex. 1902, Stoughton, Wis. 
Confer, Edna, 629 W. Johnson St., Madison, Wis. 
Dixon, Grace Shirley, B. L., 1903, 89 State St/ New Bedford, Mass. 
Dopp, Mary, B. S. 1899, Oconomowoc, Wis. 
Earl, Florence Corlett, 1906, 841 Prospect Place, Madison, Wis. 



234 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Egan, Mary Amelia. A. B., 1904, 1102 W. Johnson, Madison, Wis. 
Ellison, Wanda Glayds (Mrs. Herbert Thomas), B. L., 1899, 419 2nd 

Ave., Baraboo, Wis. 
Fehrenkamp, Winnifred, Ex. 1904, 346 Washington, Milwanlrpp Wis. 
Fitzgerald, Helen Elizabeth, 1905, Oconomowoc, Wis. 
Foster, Edith May), Ex. 1902, Hurley, Wis. 
Greene, Ethel Blanche, Middleton, Wis. 
Goldschmidt, Hulda Hanchen, Ex. 1905, Earlville, 111. 
Heller, Eda Daisy, Ex. 1902. Sheboygan, Wis. 
Hobbins, Fan, 1907, 114 West Gilman, Madison, Wis. 
Hobbinsj, Grace, 1907, 114 West Gilman, Madison, Wis. 
Hobbins, Mary Catherine (Mrs. Frank Woy), Ex. 1901, Madison, Wis. 
Hilbertshauer, Lillie, Sheboygan, Wis. 
Hocking, Kate Lanyon, M. A., 1902, Mineral Point, Wis. 
Hutton, Annabel MacGregor, 1906, Waukesha, Wis. 
Johnson, Edith, 1906, 106 W. Sycamore, Kokomo, Ind. 
Johnson, Martha Frances, 1905, 106 W. Sycamore, Kokomo, Ind. 
Johnson, Mary Maurine, Ex. 1901, Grand Rapids, Wis. 
Johnson, Nina, 106 W. Sycamore, Kokomo, Ind. 

Jones, Gwendolyn Gaynor, 1905(. 207 Washington, Ave., Madison, Wis. 
Kittelson, May Cordelia, Ex. 1902, Brodhead, Wis. 
Latta, Grace Deborah, Antigo, Wis. 
Latta, Maud Abigail, A. B., 1902, Antigo, Wis. 
Macomber, Winifred Carr, Tomahawk, Wis. 

Middleton, Anna Dale, B. S., 1903, 205 S. Austin Ave, Oak Park, 111. 
Middleton, Eliza Evelyn, 1905, 205 Austin Ave., Oak Park, 111. 
Murchison, Hettie Maria, Greely, Colo. 
Nelson, Jessie Louise (Mrs. Samuel T. Swanson), B. L., 1900, 426 W. 

Wilson, Madison, Wis. 
Newman, Esther Marion, B. L., 1902\ Algoma, Wis. 
O'Brien, Amy, (pledged), Sparta, Wis. 
Palmer, Bess Gail, (Mrs. Lovett West), Ex. 1902, 557 W. 14T»th St., New 

York City. 
Parkinson, Myra, 1907, 516 Wisconsin St., Madison, Wis. 
Parmeleq Mary Reynale, 241 St. Clair Ave., Sheboygan, Wis. 
Pawling, Ethel (pledged), 2003 Grand Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Peck, Ruby Ethel (Mrs J. Corscot), Ex. 1902, 109 E. Johnson, Madison, 

Wis. 
Perry, Clara M. (Mrs. Clara Perry-Brown), Ex. 1900, Algoma, Wis. 
Perry, Minnie, Ex. 1901, Algoma, Wis. 
Pfisterer, Clara (Mrs. Arthur Cowley), B. L.. 1901, E. 20 6th Ave., 

Spokane, Wash 
Phalon, Ada (Pledge), 1813 Barry Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Place, Sadie Barclay. 1826 Liberty St., Marinette, Wis. 
Pickford, Merle, B. L., 1902, 201 S. Mills, Madison Wis. 
Pickford, Theo. Beatrice (Mrs. Ray Owens), B. L., 1903, 201 S. Mills 

St.. Madison, Wis. 
Prien, Verona M., Ex. 1903, 211 N. First St., Rockford, 111. 
Prescott, Katheryn, Sheboygan, Wis. 
Redfield, Ethel lone (Mrs. Harry Hobbins), A. B., 1904, S. Mills St, 

Madison, Wis. 
Richards, Lillian Ethel, B. L.. 1903, Lake Geneva, Wis. 
Scofield,, Jessie (Mrs. E. N. Nash), Ex. 1899, 581 N. Chambers St. 

Galesburg, 111. 
Sears, Edith, (Pledged). 217 S. Mills St., Madison, Wis. 
Skinner, Nellie Zell (Mrs. G. E. Broughton), Ex. 1905, Kraner, N. D. 
Stillman, Clara (Mrs. Rudolph Hartman), 1901, Juneau Ct., Juneau Ave., 

Milwaukee, Wis. 
Stillman, Gertrude (Mrs. John B. Sanborn), B. S., 1899, 8 W. Gilman, 

Madison, Wis. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA NU CHAPTER. 235 

Tarbox, Edna Laura, 1905, North 8th St., La Crosse. Wis. 

Theobald, Monte, Wayne, Neb, (trans, from K). 

Thompson, Ethel Adele, Ex. 1900, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Thursby, Helen, (Pledged), 724 Conklin Ct., Madison, Wis. 

Treleven, Elizabeth Mayham (Mrs. Arthur Breitzman), Ex. 1901, Fond 

du lac, Wis. 
Weber, Anne (Mrs. Clarence Cleveland), B. L, 1900, 2110 Clarendon 

Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Webster, Gertrude (Mrs. Otto Worthington), Ex. 1901. 
Westenhaver, Adda Josephine (Mrs. Samuel Weidman), Cons. 1898, 410 

W. Henry, Madison, Wis. 
Wentworth, Bessie Sylvia, Ex. 1905, 195 Farwell Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Wentworth, Daisybelle (Mrs. Ray Palmer), Ex. 1901, 195 Farwell Ave.,. 

Milwaukee, Wis. 
Whitcomb, Eva Grace, Ex. 1904, Monroe, Wis. 
Whittier, Martha, A. B., 1904, (trans, from A), Bellevue, Neb. 
Whittier, Rowena Maud, 1906, Zeigler, 111. 
Willis, Winifred, (Pledged), Lancaster, Wis. 

NU 

Armstrong, Clara (Mrs. Nelson P. Neill), 1901, Venice, Ohio. 

Armstrong, Edna, 1897, 313 W. Ninth Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Boggess, Esther (Mrs. A. O. Lechner), Ex. 1902, 66 Linden Ave., In- 
gram, Pa. 

Boggess, Julia (Mrs. Marion De Main), Ex. 1902, Middleport, Ohio. 

Bown, Ethel, 44 S. Garfield Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Brandon, Mary Josephine, 1112 Dennison Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Cannon, Nan. 1901, 1312 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Chase, Mary Elizabeth (Mrs. W. H. Taylor), Ex. 1899, 234 Carr St. r 
Clarksburg, W. Va. 

Clapo, Katherine (Mrs. Edw. Horton), 1902, 101 Mark St., Toledo, O. 

Clark, Margaret (Mrs. Olin C. Castle), Ex. 1904, Wilkinsburg, Pa 

Clark, Oril (Mrs. Howard L. Beach), Ex. 1904, 735 Wallace Ave, Wil- 
kinsburg, Pa. 

Curry, Lucile (Mrs. Fred C. Jeannot), Ex. 1903, 7606 Linwood Ave. N. E. 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Davis, Mary V., N. Broadway, Clintonville, Ohio. 

De Witt, Maude M. (Mrs. Raymond Pearl), Ex. 1898, care Union, Phil- 
adelphia, Pa. 

Domoneyi. Alice, North High St. (cor. 9th Ave.), Columbus. Ohio. 

Eastman, Maud (Mrs. Edwin Murbach), Ex. 1902, Archibald, Ohio. 

Echols, Lenore C. (Mrs. Frank Carpenter), 1904, 61 W. 10 Ave., Col- 
umbus, Ohio. 

Ewalt, Clara Converse, Ph. B., 1901, M. A., 1903, 420 East Centre St r 
Marion). Ohio. 

Fippin, Lucy, Ex. 1904, Grant Hospital, Columbus, Ohio. 

Garman, Sue E., 1903, 23 St. Mary's St., Dayton, Ohio. 

Gorrell, Emilie C, 1906, 1240 Fair Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Gothlin, Jean M., 190 W. 8th Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Greenwood, Georgene W., 200 N. Garfield Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Hanley, Lydia, Normandie, E. Long St., Columbus, Ohio. 

Heldmyer, Florence, Ex. 1896, Middle Ave., Elyria, Ohio. 

Herrick, Sarah Ethel (Mrs. King G. Thompson), 1902, 161 W. 10th Ave. r 
Columbus, Ohio. 

Hessong, Helen, 104 E. Frambes Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Hirsch, Frieda, 1060 S. Front St., Columbus, Ohio. 

Hopkins, Bertha, 1902, 1437 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Hopkins, Clara (Mrs. William Snodgrass), 1902, Marysville, Ohio. 

Hopkins, Edith, 1902, 1437 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 



236 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Horstj Anita, 326 W. 5th Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Houston, Grace, 200 W. 4th Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Hudson, Clara Putnam (Mrs. Hebur Mclntire), A. B., 1902, 1900 Hull 
Ave., Wilkinsburg, Pa. 

Jahn, Nan (Mrs. Edward C. Turner), 1900, 476 S. Ohio Ave., Columbus, 
Ohio. 

James, Florence (Mrs. Edward O. R. Flynn), 1896, Chicago, 111. 

Joyce, Mary (Mrs. Alden Bush), Ex. 1898, 732 Park St., Columbus, O. 

Kellerman, Edna Nana ~rs. James W. Owen), Ex. 1905. Briston, I. T. 

Kellerman, Iv% A. B., 1898, A. M., Cornell, 1899, 175 W. 11th Ave., Col- 
umbus, Ohio. 

Lents, Alice (Mrs. James McMillen), 1697, Somerton, Ohio. 

Long, Bessie (Mrs. Ernest E. Levers). Ex. 1897, Sheridan, Wyo. 

Long, Myrtle (Mrs. E. N. Dennison), Ex. 1898, Douglas, Wyo. 

Macke, Marcella Katherine, 925 Woodlawn Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Maerker, Grace E., Napoleon, Ohio. 

Mills, Helen, Ex. 1902, Gallipolis, Ohio. 

Munshower, Mabel (Mrs. G A. Sulzer), Ex. 1897, 98 E. Second St, 
Portsmouth, Ohio. 

Nesbitt, Edith Mary, 1087 Oak St., Columbus, Ohio. 

Nichol, Gertrude (Mrs. Clarence Addison), Ph. B., 1899, 34 Sherman 
Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Peters, Frances (Mrs. Verner Bierman)>, Ex. 1900, The Chelsea, Colum- 
bus, Ohio. 

Phipps, Edith (Mrs. Archibald Wood), Ex. 1897, Lorain, Ohio. 

Pocock, Lucy (Mrs. Harry G. Waggstaff), 1902, The Chateau, Cleveland, 
Ohio. 

Ragan, Eleanor (Mrs. Charles Sander), 1903, Baltimore, Md. 

Ralston, Florence, E. Broad St.. Columbus, Ohio. 

Reeb, Margaret (Mrs. Herbert T. Cook), Ex. 1898, Goldfield, Nevada. 

Rees, Edith, 1901. 696 Oakwood Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Rinehart, Helen E, 329 Elm St., Toledo, Ohio. 

Roberts, Cora Ruth, 527 E. Long St.,. Columbus, Ohio. 

Rockwell, M. Fannie (Mrs. Anton Fx. Gehring), 1899, 57 Richmond Ave 
Lakewood, Ohio. 

Rodebaugh, Mable, 1905, 900 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Roof, Aimee Berry, 1905, 40 W. 3rd Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Scatterday, Adelia, 104 E. Frambes Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Shurtz, Olive, 1898, 316 West 8th Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Skiles, Blanche Gertrude (Mrs. Thomas J. Green), 1900, East Main St., 
Shelby, Ohio. 

Skiles, Zanta, 1897, Shelby, Ohio. 

Spitler, Alice, B. S., 1905, Ind. and Ludlow St., Dayton, O. 

Stewart, Grace, Lenox Hotel, Goodale St., Columbus. Ohio. 

Swann, Hazel, 235 N. 20th St., Columbus, Ohio. 

Thompson, Loula B. (Mrs. Del B. Sayres), B. S., 1905, Stonega, Va. 

Thrall, Josefa, Ex. 1899, 27 19th St., Toledo, Ohio. 

Trimby, Elsie M., 462 W. 4th Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Turney, Loa E., 992 Mt. Vernon Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Veach, Esther (Mrs. Charles Wm. McGruder) Ex. 1901, 504 Hudson 
Ave., Newark, Ohio. 

Ward, Elizabeth H, Ex. 1903, (transferred to Upsilon), 1359 Sunnyside 
Ave., Sheridan Park, Chicago, 111. 

Watt, Vivieni (Mrs. Dr. C. M. Scutlerday), 1905, Freeport, Ohio. ' 

Weaver, Mima J., 1903, 126 W. 4th St., Dayton, Ohio. 

Williams, Ethel (Mrs. C. Durward Cain), Ex. 1903, 1224 Bryden Road, 
Columbus, Ohio. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA OMICRON CHAPTER. 237 

OMICRON 

Allen, Claudia, Ph. B., 1904, Ped. B., 1906, Burnt Hills, N. Y. 
Allen, Evelyn (Mrs. Spier), B. L., 1899, 1527 Mt. Vernon St,. Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 
Armes, Isabel H., Palmyra, N. Y. 
Ash, Bessie Marguerite, 1906, Oxford, N. Y. 
Baker, J. Viva, Ex. 1905, Gouverneur, N. Y. 
Barron, Sarah Elizabeth^ Ex. 1902, died Jan. 27, 1905. 

Bartholomew, Grace, Ex. 1903, Reading Center, N. Y. 

Beach, Bertha Louise (Mrs. Frank Wildwick), A. B., 1903, Warwick, 
N. Y. # 

Beaman, Alice Emogene, 154 Park St., Gouverneur, N. Y. 

Beaman, Vera, A. B., 1902„ 154 Park St., Gouverneur, N. Y. 

Bentley, Frances, 514 Onondaga St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Beran, Mabel, died, Dec. 18, 1899. 

Bond, Elizabeth Lois, Ex. 1904, 143 President St., Troy, N. Y. 

Boone, Daisy (Mrs. L. B. Phillips), Ex. 1899, 910 Madison St., Syra- 
cuse, N. Y. 

Born, Eva Marie, Cons. 1903, 608 Townsend St., Syracuse, N. Y- 

Boston, Edna, Centremoreland, Pa. 

Bowerman, Ruth, Honeoye Falls, N. Y. 

Bowles, Ethel Daisy, A. B., 1902, Tarrytown, N. Y. 

Braley, Patty Naomi, Ph. B., 1899, Cobleskill, N. Y. 

Brown, Jane May, 1904, 46 Lenox Ave., Oneida, N. Y. 

Brown, Josephine (Mrs. Burton), 1898, Spencerport, N. Y. 

Campbell, Beulah, 609 Tallman St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Chollar, Anne Lucinette, 1001 E. Fayette St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Clark, Elizabeth G., 205 Euclid Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Copeland, Edith Emily, Scottsville, N. Y. 

Corbin, Lena (Mrs. John R. Fansey), Ex. 1901, 2 Lincoln St., Spring- 
field, Mass. 

Crofoot, Minnie D., 1904*. Union, N. Y. 

Cure, George May, 39 Cortland St., Norwich, N. Y. 

Darrohn, Anna, 1907, Rush, N. Y. 

Darrohn, Clara, 1907, Rush, N. Y. 

Delavan, Emma T. (Mrs. Chas. Dean), Ex. 1902, Onego, N. Y. 

Dick, Ada Amelia, 1902, 119 McAllister Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Dills, Anna F. (Mrs. Floyd Avery), Ph. B* 1901, Mills St., Onondaga 
Valley, N. Y. 

Drake, Georgiana, 1907, Lodi St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Dunham Nina (Mrs. Nina Dunham), Ex. 1901, Flushing, L. I. 

Embury, Ethel (Mrs. Irving Hyatt), Ex. 1899, St. Agnes School, Albany, 
N. Y. 

Farrell, Edith M. (Mrs. Staver), Ex. 1901, Guayaquil, Ecuador, S. A. 

Field, Lynette E., Ex. 1901, Wellsboro, Pa. 

Fosbinder, Cora C, Ex. 1904, Phoenix, N. Y. 

Gibbons, Bertha I. (Mrs. A. H. Traver), Ex. 1901, 865 Madison Ave., 
Albany, N. Y. 

Gilbert, Alma" Antoinette, Ex. 1906, Adams, N. Y. 

Gillespee, Delila Mable, Ex. 1903, Johnstown, N. Y. 

Greene, Marian Edith (Mrs. Robt. Granger), Ex. 1905, 25 Highland Ave., 
Rochester, N. Y. 

Hannahs, Edith Neald, Adams, N. Y. 

Heinmiller, Ida Mae, Mottville, N. Y. 

Higley, Mabel D. (Mrs. Fogg), Ex. 1900, Hartford, N. Y. 

Hitchcock, Alice Mary (Mrs. Joseph Head), 1906, 112 Rice St., Syra- 
cuse, N. Y. 

Hollis, Anna J., Ph. B., 1897i. Canastota, N. Y. 

Hood, Jessie, Ex. 1903, 900 Irving Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 



238 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Holzwarth, Arma E. (Mrs. Franklin J. Holzwarth), Ex. 1905, 911 Wal- 
nut Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Holzwarth, May Louise, 1905, E. Aurora, N. Y. 

Johnson, Clara Belle (Mrs. George Champlin), Ph. B., 1900, 22 Lyth 
Ave., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Johnston, Helena May, Ex. 1904, 101 Waverly Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Johnson, Lyla Lucretia Lord, B. L., 1907, Gouverneur, N. Y. 

Jones, Flora, Ex. 1902, Oswego, N. Y. 

Kellogg, Ethel (Mrs. Geo. Benedict),. 2064 N. Main Ave., Scranton, Pa. 

Keyes, Alice Estella, 1907, Windsor, N. Y. 

Kingsley, Agnes Leona, 1906, 51 Henry St., Norwich, N. Y. 

Kinney, Edith, Ph. B., 1901, care High School, Schnectady, N. Y. 

Lathrop, Harriet Kruse, 1204 E. Adams St.* Syracuse, N. Y. 

Lewis, Mabel, 801 Waverly Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

MacKenzie, Mary Derstyne, Ph. B., 1902, Ph. M., 1907, Trans, from H, 
608 Grand St* Troy, N. Y. 

Madden, Edith May, 128 Fitch St., Sysacuse, N. Y. 

Maltb". Mary Glass, Ex. 1899, Rochester N. Y. 

March, Lola May, Pottstown, Pa. 

Merrill, Frances (Mrs. Elbert R. Davis), Ex. 1903^ New York, N. Y. 

Merritt, Elizabeth R., 709 W. Onondaga St,. Syracuse, N. Y. 

Metcalf, Minnette E. (Mrs. Hammond Buckley), Ex. 1901, Evanston, 111. 

Mills, Lela MacGregor, 1907, Hammond, N. Y. 

Mitchell, Clara Louise, 1906, Goshen, N. Y. 

Moore, Clara Emily (Mrs. Roland Harris), 1906, cor. Monroe and Averil 
Ave., Rochester), N. Y. 

Mott, Mary, 1906, 101 Jay St., Watertown, N. Y. 

Neal, Grace May (Mrs. Geo. Wallace), 1907, 111 McClure Ave., Syra- 
cuse, N. Y. 

Otto, Anna Marie, 1109 Bellevue Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Palmer, Emily Julia, Lorville, N. Y. 

Pease, Jessie A. (Mrs. Ellis E. Lawton), Ph. B., 1903, New Haven, Conn. 

Pennypacker, Reba Florence, Ex. 1907, Morristown, Pa. 

Percival, Evelyn Agnes, Portville, N. Y. 

Perry, Alberta, Ph. B., 1899, 214 Harrison St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Philips, Jenny L., Ex. 1903, Dalmore Dundee, Scotland. 

Pimm, Margaret Elsie, Union Springs, N. Y. 

Potter Metta Maude (Mrs. Adelbert Maybe), Ex. 1903, (Rochester, N. 
Y.), Paris, France. 

Quick, Geneveret (Mrs. Adelbert Carpenter)., Ph. B., 1902, Rome, N. Y. 

Radigan, Mabel A. (Mrs. Maloney), Ex. 1902, Antwerp, N. Y. 

Reed, Agnes (Mrs. Mortimer J. Vincett, Jr.), Ex. 1899, Kellogg St, 
Syracuse, N. Y. 

Reen, Luella J. (Mrs. Frederick Deland), Ex. 1903, 202 Lincoln Ave., 
Syracuse, N. Y. 

Reynolds, Bertha Catherine, 123 Standard St.. Syracuse, N. Y. 

Reynolds, Winifred Agnes, 1906, 123 Standart St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Seymour,, Lucretia Wooster, Ex. 1901, 126 Standart St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Sherwood, Erma Blanche (Mrs. Wayne Benedict), 1906, Brookfield, N. Y. 

Smith, Annie, Ex. 1905, 135 Lexington Ave., Davton, Ohio. 

Southworth, Maude, Ph. B., 1902, North Broad St., Norwich, N. Y. 

Spencer, Carolyn, A. B., 1902, Glen Cove, L. I. 

Stallwood, Vida Bessie, 1906, Potsdam, N. Y. 

Stanton, Harriette (Mrs. P. O. Place), 1204 East Adams St., Syracuse, 
N. Y. 

Steel, Josephine (Mrs. Sylvester Pelton), Ex. 1904, 459 South Ave., 
Rochester, N. Y. 

Stinard, Bessie, Ex. 1904, 409 Cherry SU Syracuse, N. Y. 

Strang, Grace Alice, Ex. 1904, Westfield, Pa. 

Styles, Mollie Alice, Ex. 1906, Hammond, N. Y. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA PI CHAPTER. 239 

Sweeting, Jane Cordelia, 1906, 213 Erie St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Tanner, Minnie Frances Griffing, 1906/, 34 Henry St., Norwich, N. Y. 

Taylor, Helen Chautauqua, Ex. 1904, Ellenville, N. Y. 

Thomas, Ruth Hazel, Boonville, N. Y. 

Timbrell, Ethel Berta (Mrs. E. H. Schuyler), A. B., 1897, 909 W. 8th 
St. Erie, Pa. 

Truesdell, Janette C. (Mrs. John W. Truesdell), 500 McBride St., Syra- 
cuse;, N. Y. 

Updyke, Alyda, Ex. 1901, 146 Garfield Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Vanderhoff, Edna Alberta, Ex. 1903, 138 Beach St., Patterson, N. J. 

Waite, Marian Austin (Mrs. Herbert Magoon), 1906, 602 Ostrony Ave., 
Syracuse, N. Y. 

Walrath, Stella Hoag, Cons. 1903. Cuthbert, Ga. 

Ward, Ruth, Ph. B., 1900, 231 Lexington Ave., New York, N. Y. 

Wells, Helen A., 116 Onondaga Ave., Syracuse. N. Y. 

Wheeler, Grace Elizabeth Adelaide, 1904, Portville, N. Y. 

Whitman, Bertha/. Ex. 1900. Died, June 9, 1900. 

Whitney, Floy F., B. L., 1901, Atlantic City, N. J. 

Wilbur, Anna Amelia, Lafayetteville, N. Y. 

Wilson, Maude Ida, Ex. 1903, Hammond, N. Y. 

Winters, Maude M., Ex. 1899, Plattsburg, N. Y. 

Witmer,. Jennie R., Shamokin, Pa. 

Woodburn, Lucy Clark, Canajoharie, N. Y. 

Worden, Jessie C, Ph. B., 1903, Amsterdam, N. Y. 

Young, Nana Catherine (Mrs. James Woodruff), B. S., 1903, Monroe 
Ave., Rochester, N. Y. 

PI 

Abbott, Julia May (Mrs. F. Bruce Esty.) 

Abbott, Nettie (Mrs. Martin A. Adams),, Alturas, Modoc Co., Cal. 

Allen, Marion, 1906, 1625 Scenic Ave., Berkeley, Cal. 

Ashley, Belle, Ex. 1907, 1661 Kewalo, Honolulu, Hai. 

Barnicott, Dorothy, 2218 Union St., Berkeley, Cal. 

Bowen, Katro Bonita, 1118 W. 8th St., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Bowers, Jessie Lehmer, 1721 Euclid Ave., Berkeley, Cal. 

Bush, Mary Helen, 1907, 935 Spruce St., Boulder, Col. 

Buckingham, Kate, B. L. 1907, Vacaville, Cal. 

Carter, Corrinne (Mrs. E. E. Scranton), Ph. B. 1899, Goat Island, Sa.i 
Francisco, Harbor, Cal. 

Carter, Frances Vick, B. S. 1902, 10th and Cedar Sts., San Diego, Cal. 

Cilker, Martha Elisabeth, B. L. 1903, Los Gatos, Cal. 

Damon, Julia Mills, (home address, Honolulu Hi.), 35 St. Botolph St., 
Boston, Mass. 

Drinkwater, Sara Leoline, 1906, 580 Vernon St., Oakland, Cal. 

Dodge, Florence Isabelle, 1905, 686 So. Burlington Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Durand, Mary (Mrs. K. Dunlop), B. L. 1906, John's Hopkins U., Balti- 
more, Md. 

Ferrier, Magdalene, B. L. 1903, 2219 Channing Way, Berkeley, Cal. 

Fisbie, Mable Louise, 1212 1st Ave., San Francisco, Cal. 

Hammock, Elenor, A. B. 1900, 144 E. Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Hozuard, Florence Gertrud, B. L., 1902, San Lemando, Cal. 

Hudson. Claire, Niles, Cal. 

Jameson,Lois, 1906, Bakersfield, Cal. 

Johnson, Louise Hamlin, B. S., 1899, 3848 A. Shaw Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Johnston, K. Courtcnay. A. B. 1901, 246 Ave. 42, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Johnston, Louise, B. L. 1903, Norwalk, Cal. 

Kelley, Bernice Hayes, 1328 Bay View Place. Berkeley, Cal. 

Kincaid, Anna Douglas, 1904, A. B. 1904, (Smith College), 1st Presby- 
terian Manse. Charlotte, N. C. 



240 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Lasell, Cora, Ex. 1906, 1947 Dwight Way, Berkeley. Cal. 

Marshall, Luverne, 1907, Honolulu, Hi. 

Martin, Edith, 1907, Chico, Cal. 

Mason, Edith L„ 1907, 1356 Sixth St., San Diego, Cal. 

McGraw, Edith, 945 Chestnut St., Oakland, Cal. 

McGraw, Hazel, 1905, 945 Chestnut St., Oakland, Cal. 

McGrew, May Edith, A. B. 1903, 2647 Hillegass Ave., Berkeley, Cal. 

McGrew, Ruth Esther, A. B. 1903, Hillegass Ave., Berkeley. Cal. 

Mennihan, Margaret, Cloverdale, Cal. 

Ogden, Marguerite, 1175 Alice St., Oakland, Cal. 

Patterson, Violet Louise, Ex. 1905, 234 Guerrero St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Porterfield, Alice Wilda, Cloverdale, Cal. 

Powell, Gerda (Mrs. James W. Rigsbv), 1906, 343 27th Ave., Seattle, 

Wash. 
Pruitt, Joanna, 802 Fifth St., San Bernardino, Cal. 
Ratcliff,, Ethel Bridget, 1906, 1643 Euclid, Ave., Berkeley, Cal. 
Ratcliff, Evelyn Marianne (Mrs. Bode), B. S. 1901, 1643 Euclid Ave., 

Berkeley, Cal. 
Rattan, Georgia H. K., B. S. 1904, 1967 Pine St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Reid, Louise Sophronia, 1906, Santa Rosa, Cal. 
Scott, Linda Maud, 1910 Harvard B'd, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Southworth, Lena M., 1509 Magnolia Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Thomms, Charlotte Ruth (Mrs. Ed Foulkes), 1290 E. 14th St., Oakland, 

Cal. 
Ticknor, Gertrude, B. S. 1903, Yreka, Cal. 
Tulloch, Annabelle (Mrs. H. M. Evans L B. L 1904„ 1516 N. Broadway, 

Baltimore, Md. 
Vickerey, Ruth, Summit Ave., Oakland, Cal. 
Wade, Henrietta Alice, B. L. 1903, Merced, Cal. 
Woods, Grace Eaton, A. B. 1902, Hamilton, N. Y. 

RHO 

Appcll, Edith (Mrs. Thomas McKennel), A. B. 1904, 30 N. 10th Ave., Mt 

Vernon, N. Y. 
Ball, Marion Elizabeth Pruyn, A. B. 1903, 500 W. 121st St., New York. 
Casebeer, Edna, 46 S. 13th Ave., Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
Clarey, Ethel May, 50 Morningside Ave., New York, N. Y. 
Daniels, Mary E., 159 W. 83rd St., New York, N. Y. 
Farmer, Mildred Blanche, 1905, 21 Davis Ave., New Rochelle, N. Y. 
Ferns, Edith, 346 Union Ave., Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
Fisher, Annie Fuller, 1905, 430 W. 118th St., New York, N. Y. 
Gardiner, Cara Leslie. 10 W. 103rd St., New York, N. Y. 
Granger, Edith A dell, A. B. 1904, 106 South 1st Ave., Mt. Vernon, N. Y 
Hopewell, Estella. 
Hopewell, Florence. 

Johnston, Rose, B. S., A. B. 1904, Middletown, Ohio. 
Keeney, Sarah, 1907, 48 W. 94th St., New York, N. Y. 
Mastin, Florence Josephine, 415 W. 118th St., New York, N. Y. 
McPherson, Helen, 211 W. 85th St., New York, N. Y. 
Miller, Lena Adele, A. B. 1905, 78 Broadway, White Plains, N. Y. 
Post Catharine Mary, 1906, 3d St. and Woodside Ave., Woodside, L. I . 

New York, N. Y. 
Post, Elizabeth Smith, 1906, 3d St. and Woodside Ave., Woodside, L. I.. 

New York, N. Y. 
Raoo, Katherine Louise, 101 Quincy St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Ray, Ida Charlotte, 555 W. 182d St., New York, N. Y. 
Robinson, Amelia Maude, A. B. 1903, 128 A St., N. E., Washington, D. C 
Schuessler, Helena, Ex. 1904, Closter, N. J. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — SIGMA CHAPTER. 241 

Schuessler, Matilda, Charter applicant. Deceased. 

Seguine, Laura Randolph, A. B. 1903, Rosebank, Staten Island, New York, 
N. Y. 

Shelly, Sarah E., A. B. 1904, Mechanicsburg. Pa. 

Smith, Elsie, 122 Washington St., Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 

Talbot, Abigail Adams (Mrs. Reuben Hallet), 1905, Bowne Park Flush- 
ing, New York, N. Y. 

Tredwell, Elizabeth Alden Seabury, 1907, 71 W. 107th St., New York, N. 
Y. 

True, Dorothy, 1907, 328 W. 83d St., New York, N. Y. 

Waring, Anna Tallman, A. B. 1903, 430 W. 118th St., New York. N. Y. 

Werts, Harriet Estelle, A. B. 1904, 40 Danforth Ave., Jersey City N. J. 

SIGMA 

Adams, Mary A. (Mrs. G. H. Triton), B. S.*. 1897, Richfield, N. J. 
Bacon, Grace Ella, Mt. Holyoke, 1903, Middletown, Conn. 
Bagg, Mary Elizabeth, A. B., 1903, 149 W. Cliff St., Somerville, N. J. 
Barnes, Mabelle W., B. S., 1901, East Berlin, Ct. 

Baylis, Frances J.. Ex. 1902, Amityville, L. I. 

Birch, Eldora J, B. S., 1902, Box 115, East Hartford, Ct. 

Bohlmann, Laura A., Ex. 1899/ Fultonville, N. Y. 

Bock, Alice Mabel, 1907, 304 Curtis St., Meriden, Conn. 

Brown, Carrie Tap pan (Mrs. C. C. Purinton), Ph. B., 1897, West Hart- 
ford, Ct. 

Bunncl, Mary Grace (Mrs. S. A. Norton), Ph. B., 1897, 102 W. Housa- 
tonic St., Pittsfieldi Mass. 

Caulfield, Elizabeth, Deceased. 

Church, May, Ex. 1899, Main St., South Farms, Middletown, Conn. 

Church, Isabelle Jamieson, Ph. B., 1896, 28 Berkeley Ave., Middletown, 
Conn. 

Clark, Elizabeth Dunhams 232 Curtiss St., Meriden, Conn. 

Dean, Ruth, 1905, Unionville, Ct. 

Donahoe, Margaret, 1906, 350 Washington St., Middletown, Ct. 

English, Alice Winifred, Ph. B., 1902, 251 Parker St... Newark, N. J. 

Frost, Charlotte B., A. B., 1899, 13 Kinball St., Sanford, Me. 

Griswold, Katherine L. (Mrs. A. H. Wallace) Ph. B., 1902, 219 Bellevue 
Ave., Upper Montclair, N. J. 

Griswold, Margaret (Mrs. S. E. De Laney), Ph. B., 1902, 105 N. Elmer 
Ave., Sayre, Pa. 

Hallock, Sarah C, Ph. B., 1902, Watertowrn Conn. 

Hatfield, Olivia H. (Mrs. Swett), Ex. 1897, Deceased. 

Jones, Augusta T., Ph. B., 1902, 193 Fieldpoint Road, Greenwich, Conn. 

Keene, Faye Mildred, 1906, Waldeboro, Me. 

Keene, Jessie Louise; 1906, Waldeboro, Me. 

Kellogg, Anna (Mrs. A. L Smith), B. S., 1896, 105 S. 9th St, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

Knowles, Anna Belle, 43 Park PI., Middletown, Conn. 

Manning, Charlotte R. k Special, 144 W. 13th St., New York, N. Y. 

McKay, Mary A. (Mrs. Roscoe Laubach), A. B, 1896, 5318 St. Charles 
Ave, New Orleans, La. 

Meeks, Augusta C. (Mrs. Albert TwiggerV Ph. B, 1897,. 100 S. High- 
land Ave, Ossining, N. Y. 

Mitchell, Jean, 14 Charter Oak PI, Hartford, Conn. 

Newell, Eleanor, Ph. B, 1898, 61 S. Main St, Middletown, Conn. 

Newell, Maude Stuart, 1905, 61 S. Main St, Middletown, Conn. 

Peck, Elizabeth P, A. B, 1902, 625 Asylum Ave, Hartford, Conn. 

Revnolds, Ethel G, 1904, Mt. Ida School, Newton, Mass. 

Rogers, Elizabeth H. (Mrs. W. C Blasdale), Ph. B, 1896, 2614 Chan- 
ning Way, Berkeley, Cal. 



242 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Rose, Ernestine, A. B., 1902, 144 W. 13th St., New York* N. Y. 

Say, Edith Weekes, 1906, 256 Williams St., Midletown, Conn. 

Seabury, Charlotte M. (Mrs. J. J. Hathaway), B. S., 1901, Deceased. 

Searle, Lucy Osborne, Ph. B., 1896, Kimball Union Ac, Meriden, N. H. 

Simonton, Catherine M., A. B., 1900, 178 Pearl St., Middletown, Conn. 

Smith, Percie J., Ph. B., 1900, Rockfall, Conn. 

Stevens, Elisabeth C, Ph. B., 1897, New Rochelle, N. Y. 

Stocking, Elisabeth C, B. S.. 1895, West Fulton, N. Y. 

Sweet, Elizabeth Norton, Moodus, Conn. 

Sykes, Clara Frances, 1905, Unionville, Conn. 

Tucker, Sara B. (Mrs. F. F. Kurt) ( , Ph. B., 1895, 4 Albermarle St., Bos- 
ton^ Mass. 

Walbridge, Isabel M., Ph. B., 1898, 3 Elm St., Norwalk, Conn. 

Weeks, Frances L., B. S., 1895, Care of Mrs. W. E. Parker, Seymour, 
Conn. 

White, Grace R. (Mrs. E. M. Osborne), Ex. 1898 v Easthampton, L. I. 

Wright, Elizabeth C, A. B., 1897, 115 Allen Place, Hartford, Conn. 

TAU 

Bodler, Sophial, Ex. 1905, 921 W. 3rd St., Corsicana, Texas. 

Burgess, Mary, R. F. D. 21, Danbury, Conn. 

Cliber, Helen, Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

Ebling, Emily. A. B. 1903, Newberry, Pa. 

Evans, Mary, Freeland, Pa. 

Galbraith, Anne, Williamsport, Pa. 

Galbraith, Mary Earley, 1907, Williamsport, Pa. 

Goddard, Nellie M. (Mrs. Anthony Stemhelper), A. B. 1905. Williamsport, 

Pa. 
Hankins, Josephine,, Uniontown, Pa. 
Heinen, Katherine, Milton, Pa. 

Jones, Ruth C, Ph. B. 1906, 1122 Center St., Mahanoy City, Pa. 
Luchsinger, Ida, A. B. 1905, 301 Exeter St., West Pittston, Pa. 
Mac Laggan, Jennie, 236 N. Harwood St.. Dallas, Texas. 
Mac Laggan, Catherine F., A. B. 1906, 286 N. Harwood St., Dallas, Texas. 
McCaskie, Carrie M., A. B. 1905, 15 Hollywood Ave., E. Orange, N. J. 
McCaskie, Florence A.. Ph. B., 15 Hollywood Ave., E. Orange N. J. 
McFarland, Jessie, B. S. 1905, Watsontown, Pa. 
Meek, Grace L., Ph. B. 1905, Main St. : Reynoldsville, Pa. 
Mervine, Hannah, Milton £ Pa. 
Pangborn, Margaret, Elizabeth, Pa. 
Richards, Olive Crozer, 1131 Sloan Ave., Scranton, Pa. 
Shorkley, Ruth A., A. B. 1904, 29 S. Third St... Lewisburg, Pa. 
Stage, Anna, Clearfield, Pa. 

Stephens, Alif, A. B. 1904, 307 S. Sixth St., Lewisburg, Pa. 
Thomas, Nellie J. C. M., A. B. 1905, 101 Cor. 4th and Laurel. Phillipsburg, 

Pa. 
Weddle, Mary S., West Newton, Pa. 
Webb, Nala, Rutherford, Pa. 

UPSILON 

Allard, Leola I., Ex. 1904, Pueblo, Colo. 

Alexander, Harriet (pledged). 

Andrae, Hazel (Mrs. Frank C. Cruickshank), Ex. 1903, 273 Hazel Ave., 

Chicago* 111. 
Baker, Bessie B., B. S., 1900, Carthage, Mo. 
Barker, Eva (Mrs. V. K. Froula), A. B. v 1898, 1611 Locust Blvd. 

Quincy, 111. 
Barnes, Myrtie Adella, 2253 Sherman Ave., Evanston, 111. 
Beebe, Lucia, 1307 Dakin St.. Chicago, 111. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — UPSILON CHAPTER. 243 

Bowen, Lucy Isabel (Mrs. Leo Lowe), B. S., 1898, Kewanee, 111. 

Bragg, Helen May, 1838 Chicago Ave., Evanston, 111. 

Burgess, Lucy, Wenona, 111. 

Cassady, Edith, Ex. 1905, Whiting) Iowa. 

Chandler, Elsie M. (Mrs. Elsie C. Bartlett), Oratory 1896, Y. W. C. A. 

Rooms. Long Beach, Cal. 
Clatworthy, Linda M. (U. of 111.), 1900, Public Library, Dayton, Ohio. 
Cleaver, Nina J., Ex. 1901. 

C lough. Grace, A. B., 1896, Cripple Creek, Colo. 
Delay, Edith (Mrs. Frank Young), A. B., 1903, Parsons, Kan. 
Dildine, Florence, 1327 Benson Ave, Evanston, 111. 
Dickinson, Rogerta (Mrs. S. P. Hart), Ph. B., 1903, Hartford Ave., St. 

Louis, Mo. 
Doren, Marion (Mrs. George H. Tomlinson), Ex. 1898, 103 West St., 

Wheaton, 111. 
Dyar, Annie L, B. L, 1901, 376 W. 5th St., Winona, Minn. 
Ellis, Cora E., Ph. B., 1897, 2309 Sherman Ave., Evanston, 111. 
Ferguson, Grace (Mrs. W. A. Cooper), Ex. 1901, 30 N. Catherine Ave., 

La Grange, 111. 
Ferris, Mary C, Ph. B., 1901, Princeton, 111. 

Fisher, Sallie (Mrs. Sidney Sweet), Ex. 1904, 570 High St., Denver, Colo. 
Foote, Florence (Mrs. E. W. Engstrom), Ex. 1897, 1322 E. State St., 

Rockford, 111. 
Hadley, May, Ph. B., 1897, Oratory 1899, Pioneer, Iowa. 
Hall Eleanor Jean, 1907, 1122 Maple Ave., Evanston, 111. 
Handy, Helen Marshall, Ph. B„. 1901, 620 Clark St., Evanston, 111. 
Handy, Rena Marshall, A. B., 1907, 620 Clark St., Evanston, 111. 
Handy, Ruth, (pledged), 620 Clark St., Evanston, 111. 
Harris, Grace Margaret, A. B., 1906, A. M., 1907^ 103 N. Sherwood St., 

Fort Collins, Colo. 
Harris, Mame, 103 N. Sherwood St., Fort Collins, Colo. 
Haves, Ethel, Ex. 1904, Excelsior St., Butte, Mont. 
Hickox, Graces. Oratory 1903, 521 First Ave., Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 
Hornbrook, Lucy, Ex. 1905, 7 Blackford Ave., Evansville, Ind. 
Jamison, Grace, Oratory 1906, 134 First Ave., Olewein, Iowa. 
Johnson, Herby, Oratory 1906, Ottawa, 111. 
Johnston, Eleanor, B. S.* 1897, Dundee, 111. 

Kelley, Helen, Ex. 1904, 3108 Oakland Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Knapp, Elizabeth, 712 Michigan Ave., Evanston, 111. 
Lane, Ruth L., A. B., 1903, (Transfer from Theta), Winona, Minn. 
Lawrencei Helen, Ex. 1903, Ottawa, 111. 

Lawson, Blanche B., Ex. 1906, 775 Chase Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Leach, Irmagarde, A. B., 1907, 523 Greenleaf Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Lowe, Isabel, A. B., 1902, 1040 Benson Ave., Evanston. 111. 
Macintosh* Ethel M., Ex. 1900, 811 College Place, Plainfield, N. J. 
Maine, Hope (Mrs. John Oliver CrowlevV Ex. 1903, 2250 Euclid Ave., 

Cleveland, Ohio. 
Massey, Zeta Lucinda, Ex. 1906, 1626 Barry Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Mercer, Grace (Mrs. W. H. Abbott V (Trans, from Xi), Livingston, 

Mon. 
Metcalf, Anne (Mrs. Percy E. Thomas), B. S., 1900 165 W. Broadway, 

Winona, Minn. 
Metcalf. Bertha (Mrs. John Strickler). Ex. 1904, Deceased, Evanston, 

111. 
Metcalf, Kate L., 1023 Maple Ave. Evanstom 111. 
Metcalf, Tressa (Mrs. Charles C. Bonar), Ph. B., 1898, 911 Greenleaf St., 

Evanston, 111. 
Miller, Mabel, Ex. 1907, Ivesdale, 111. 
Minium, Ruth, 1907, Cropsey, 111. 



244 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Olgen, Amy H. (Mrs. Egbert Nelson Parmelee), A. B, 1904, 755 Green- 
leaf Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Osgood, Mar}% Parsons, Kan. 

Paddock, Jessie (Mrs. Oliver Petty), Ph. B., 1899, Prophetstown, 111. 

Palmer, Margaret E., Ex. 1904. Princeton, 111. 

Postlewaiti. Mabel, Ex. 1900, 332 Wesley Ave., Oak Park, 111. 

Powers, Myra, A. B., 1906, 1218 Lunt Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Raber, Cecil (Mrs. Walter Rockwell), Ex. 1904. Junction City, Kan. 

Reid, Hazel S. (Mrs. Sam'l Sackett), Ex. 1904, 1709 E. 16th Ave., Den- 
ver, Colo. 

Richards, Mabel L., Ex. 1891, Menominee, Mich. 

Sain, Jane (Mrs. Parks Helmick), Trans, from Lambda, Chanute, Kan. 

Samter, Bess (Mrs. Arthur Steele), Ex. 1903, Belvidere, 111. 

Sanders, M. Isabella, Ottawa, 111. 

Schoch, Lulu, Ex. 1904, 716 W. Main St* Ottawa, 111. 

Silliman, Alice (Mrs. Balfour Jeffrey), Trans, from Delta, 821 Law St., 
Topeka, Kan. 

Smith, Edith (Mrs. William Fuller), Oratory, 1903. 

Snell, Lila (Mrs. Wm. P. Read), A. B., 1906, 174 Howe St., Chicago, 111. 

Stamm, Laura, West Union, Iowa. 

Thompson, Charlotte (Mrs. Harold Burke), B. S., 1904, Washington 
St., Wilmette, 111. 

Thomas, Daisy (Mrs. Malcolm H. Baird), B. L., 1903, 87 Galena St., Au- 
rora, 111. 

Turner, Frances (Mrs. George Roehm), Ex. 1905, 528 Winthrop Ave.. 
Chicago, 111. 

Vivian) Hilda, A. B., 1907, Bradford, 111. 

Ward, Elizabeth, Cons., 1907, Trans, from Nu, 1359 Sunnyside Ave., 
Chicago, 111. 

Watrous, Adeline (Mrs. John Foote), Ex. 1899, 1235 Lawrence Ave.. 
Chicago, 111. 

Watson, Franc, B. L., 1896, Minooka, 111 

Watsom Lorene, B. L., 1895, Minooka, 111. 

Watson, Lottie G., Oratory, 1897, B. L., 1895, Minooka, 111. 

Welch, Denise (pledged), 548 Morse Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Welch, Helen, Ex. 1906, Clarinda, Iowa. 

Welch, Jeannette, Ex. 1905). 548 Morse Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Wheeler, Sara Louise, A. B., 1897, Ripon, Wis. 

White, Martha (Mrs. W. F. Wheeler), deceased. 

Wilcox, Edna, 1904, Minonk, 111. 

Wilcox, Lottie, 1909, Minonk, 111. 

Wright, Beulah, Oratory 1901, (Trans, from A), 2211 W. 121 St., Los 
Angeles, Cal. 

XI 

Abercrombie, Mary Taylor, A. B., 1903, 827 Hamilton Terrace, Balti- 
more. Md. 

Adams, Ruth Westlake, Dryden, N. Y. 

Alexander, Josephine (Mrs. R. Kerr), A. B., 1904, 1422 Mass. Ave., 
Irvington, Md. 

Bachman. Ottillir Anna, Ex. 1907, Allegbeny, Pa. 

Barbee, Helen. A. B., 1905, Ripley, Tenn. 

Beard, Edith Luella (Mrs. Carron), A. B., 1901, York, Pa. 

Bishon. Ida Elsie, Dover, Delaware. 

Brag, Frances Hite, 1906 2744 Lafayette St< St. Joseph, Mo. 

Dunlop, Maude, Ex. 1902, 1477 Meriden St., Washington, D. C. 

Edmonds, Lois Eunice, 2 Convent Place, Fort Smith, Ark. 

Ellsworth, Claudia Faison, A. B., 1905, 1248 Princeton St., Washington, 
D. C. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA PHI CHAPTER. 245 

Feldmeyeri, Ethel Wells, 1907, 232 Prince George St., Annapolis, Md. 

Fitts, Adra Ellissa Dusenbery, 1907, 174 Lincoln Ave., Newark, N. J. 

Funkhauser, Mary Washington, Ex. 1905, Lebanon Valley College, Ann- 
ville, Pa. 

Green, Helen Marie, 1906, Belvidere, N. J. 

Guy, Grace Imogene, 308 5th St., S. -E, Washington, D. C. 

Hall, Elizabeth (Mrs. Hull), Williamstown, Mass. 

Harrison, Anna, A. B., 1899, 525 E. 22nd St., Baltimore, Md. 

Hill, Eunice (Mrs. C. E. Waller), A. B., 1904, 130 N. Church St., Spart- 
anburg). N. C. 

Hoffman. Anna, A. B., 1899, 2131 Maryland, Baltimore, Md. 

Hoge, Mildred A., 1908, 1006 Laurale Ave., Baltimore, Md. 

Johnson, Sara LeMaistre (Mrs. A. Earle Wallace), A. B., 1904, Iola, 
Kan. 

King, Anna W ., Ex. 1899, 41 W. 4th St., Newburv, Pa. 

Kirk, Lida V. (Mrs. Thos. Bond), A. B., 1899, 302 N. Onondaga St., Sy- 
racuse, N. Y. 

Kolbe, Evelyn D., 613 Maple Ave., New Rochelle, N. Y. 

Lentz, Mary E. (Mrs. Duncan R. Johnson), A. B., 1904, 1604 Bolton St., 
Baltimore, Md. 

Mallalieu, Alice M., A. B., 1899, 1231 Druid Hill Ave.. Baltimore, Md. 

McLaren, Ruth M. (Mrs. Paul Pardew), 1905, Millersville, Md. 

McGregor, Nannie Grace, 1906, 212 Maryland Ave.!, N. E., Washipgton, 
D. C. 

Mercen Grace D. (Mrs. Wm. Henry Abbott), Ex. 1905, Livingston, 
Mont., (trans, to T). 

Mertz, Rosa Pauline, Ex. 1903, 1850 8th St., Washington, D. C. 

Murray, Florence J., 145 R. St. N. E., Washington, D. C. 

Neal, Louise Harriet, Union City, Pa. 

Rice, Edith (Mrs. Wm. Hawley), A. B., 1908, 74 Washington St, Cum- 
berland, Md. 

Rifq Lillian Mildred, A. B., 1902, Forest Park, Baltimore, Md. 

Roehle, M. Estvlle (Mrs. Joseph- Byrne), A. B., 1900, 2732 St. Paul St., 
Baltimore, Md. 

Round, Norma, A. B., 1901, Manassas, Va. 

Sleman, Emilv F., A. B., 1905, 3114 16th N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Small Helen M., A. B.. 1906, 1466 Harvard St., Washington, D. C. 

Smith, Marian E, Islip, N. Y. 

Stahn, Louise C, A. B. 1901, 506 Ensor St., Baltimore, Md. 

Stein, Miriam. Ex. 1907, York, Pa. 

Tumblcson. Elizabeth (Mrs. J. A. Luetscher), A. B.. 1900, 1025 Madison 
Ave., Baltimore! Md. 

Waddington, Ada R. (Mrs. Lentz), Ex. 1901, 1829 Madison Ave, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Westmoreland, Caroline, Ex. 1906, 290 Washington St., Atlanta. Ga. 

Williams. Genevieve Janet, 261 Linden Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Wilson, Selina P., A. B., 1904, Sligo, Maryland. 

PHI 

Ainsworth. Agnes, Ex. 1909, 909 Moran Ave., Norfolk, Va. 

Bentley, Glen, Ex. 1909, Olewein, Iowa. 

Bolton, Edwinna Rose, Ex. 1905, Nashua, la. 

Bowen, Mary, 522 N. Linn Stj Iowa City, la. 

Chase, Olive, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Clark, Alice, 150 Clay St.. Burlington, la. 

Dailey, Avice Evelyn, 1127 W. 4th St., Waterloo. la. 

Dunham, Elsie M (Mrs. Perry Inerersoll), Ex. 1905, Dunlap, la. 

Erazier, Sebena Schoonover, 26 Jefferson St., Nevada, la. 

Erazicr, Zoe Ray, 1906, Nevada, la. 



246 HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 

Grissel, Jeanetta, 112 Johnson St., Iowa City, la. 

Hall, Avis, Hawarden, la. 

Harper, Edna, 252 S. Central Ave., Burlington, la. 

Heery, Lydia, Fairchild St, Clarksville, la. 

Hess, Hope, New Bedford, la. 

Hobson, Ida, West Union, la. 

Kastman, Valborg, B. A., 1904, Iowa City, la. 

Landon, Pearl M., New Hampton, la. 

Marsh, Ruthi 1023 W. 25th St., Des Moines, la. 

McKnight, Ethel, 406 Dubuque St., Iowa Citv. la. 

Merritt, Edith Whitney, Ph. B., 1903, Market "St., Iowa City, la. 

Merritt, Mabel C lough, Ph. B., 1906, Market St., Iowa City, la. 

Nichols, Ethel Gay, Ph. B., 1905, Washington, la. 

Odell, Florence, Churdan, la. 

Paine, Sarnh Olivia (Mrs. C. L. Hoffman), Ex. 1905, Edgerton, Wis. 

Paulson, Caroline H., Ph. B., 1906, Winfield, la. 

Price. Mildred, A. B., 1906, 431 Summit St., Iowa City, la. 

Royal, Jessie C, 1803 Oakland Ave,. Des Moines, la. 

Royal, Myrtle Emeline (Mrs. Burnham Moffet), Ph. B., 1906, 1803 Oak 

land Ave., Des Moines, la. 
Sandol, Fan, Marshalltown, la. 

Shedd, Verna May, Ph. B., 1906, East Side. Iowa Cityi la. 
Smith, Maude Louise. Ph. B., 1904, West Liberty, la. 
Stecker, Bertha E. (Mrs.), 801 Starre Ave., Burlington, la. 
Stoner, Nellie Dae> Ex. 1905, Summit St., Iowa City, la. 
Waller, Florence. Charles City, la. 
Williams, Helen, Ex. 1905, Ida Grove, la. 
Wilson, Alice, Waterloo, Iowa. 
Wright, May L., 2321 Walnut St., Cedar Falls, Iowa. 

CHI 

Benson, Jennie, Watervalley, Ark. 

Berry, Annie (Mrs. W. O. Bradley), Hermando, Miss. 

Burt, Clara Helen (Mrs. T. H. Johnston), 1898, Corinth, Miss. 

Bur\t, Suzanne, 1902, Oxford, Miss. 

Chambliss, Bettie Sue, Ex. 1907, Union, Miss. 

Fulton, Annie Roberta, Ex. 1907, Miller's School, Va. 

Ford, Jeannette, 1907, Columbia, Miss. 

Haley, Mary Alice. 1905, Koscinsko, Miss. 

Johnson, Leslie Christine, University, Miss. 

Johnson, Loulie May, 1907, University. Miss. 

Kimmons, Emma Kate, 1905, Tupelo, Miss. 

Kimmons, Lynetta, Fort Smith, Ark. 

Kimmons, Nellie.. Oxford, Miss. 

Magee, Maud, Columbia, Miss. 

Maxzuell, Douglass, 1907, Canton, Miss. 

Morrow, Maud (Mrs. Calvin S. Brown), 1897, Oxford, Miss. 

Phillips, Anne Winifred, 1899, care Agnes Scott Int., Decatur Ga. 

Plant, Daisye Belle, 1904, Oxford, Miss. 

Plant. Myrtle (Mrs. Thos. Frazier). 

Price, Sara Ola (Mrs. Walter Leathers), B. P. 1900, Oxford, Miss. 

Rea, Mary Lou, 1905, Wesson, Miss. 

Richmond, Bessie, 1907, Hermanville, Miss. 

Robertson, Lewie, Corinth, Miss. 

Rogers, Viola Blanche, 1905, New Albany, Miss. 

Shepherd, Katie Eva. B. P. 1902. Lexington, Miss. 

Sherman, Margaret, Memphis. Tenn. 

Welch, Virginia, Tuscoaba, Miss. 

Wilkins, Norma, B. P. 1899, Meridian, Miss. 



DELTA DELTA DELTA — ALPHA XI CHAPTER. 247 

PSI 

Boyer, Marguerite Irene, 1905, 2341 N. 13th St, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Blake, Hannah May, 1905, 431 E. Walnut Lane, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Conner, Elizabeth Gibson, 1905, 729 S. 22nd St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Cullen, Anita Maria, 1904, 3611 Fairmount Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Eckels, Minnie Gertrude, 1901, Shippensburg, Pa. 

Evans, Elisabeth, 1905, 1754 N. 25th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hinkle, Alma May Elizabeth, Ex. 1905, 1941 Croskey St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hulton, Florence, 2853 Boudinot St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Karsner, Eleanor Fulton, 1905, 1320 S. Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

McCurdy, Mary Macafee, 1905, 200 E. Allegheny Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Neall, Emma Valeria, 2206 Hunting Park Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Sharpless, Anna E., Darlington, Sem., Westchester, Pa. 

Thompson, Faith, 2023 Mervine St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Underbill, Carolyn Agnes, 3210 Baring St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

White, Ruth Elma, Ex. 1905, 137 Monmouth St., Trenton, N. J. 

ALPHA XI 

Armstrong, Mary E., 5025 Morgan St., St. Louis, Mo. 

Allen, Mary Bates, Ex. '09, 315 Fifth Ave., St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Ball, Ella Virginia, Waynesboro, Va. 

Ball, Mary Washington, 1905, Blackstone Female Insti., Blackstone, Va. 

Bernard, Lucile Picton, 5023 Fairmount Ave., St. Louis. Mo. 

Bingham, Louise, Carrollton, Miss. 

Bloomfield, Ethel Baldwin, Moss Point, Miss. 

Chappell, Ethel B., 1905, 1514 McGavock St., Nashville, Tenn. 

Cleaveland, Elsie, 67 Shenango St., Greenfield, Pa. 

Cooke, Virginia Klein, Ex. '09, 212 Boisserain Ave., Norfolk, Va. 

Dodson, Laura, Ex. '09, 209 Beete St., Norfolk, Va. 

Glancy, Laura Robenson, 1907, 326 E. St., N. E., Washington, D. C. 

Happel, Mary Eloise, Trenton, Tenn. 

Harrison, Mary Courtenay, care Col. Z. D. Harrison, Atlanta, Ga. 

Humphreys, Jeanette Rose, 1905, Charlottesville. Va. 

Kern, Katrina, 1906, 1915 W. Broad Nashville, Tenn. 

Martin, Fay, 228 Fairfax, Norfolk, Va. 

Martin, Mabel, 1907, 228 Fairfax, Norfolk, Va. 

Merrick, Elizabeth George, Ex. '08, Suddersville, Md. 

Mullins, Nellie, Ex. 1909, Martinsville, Va. 

Phillips, Ethel Moorman, Winchester, Tenn. 

Picton, Lida Means, Ex. '09, 706 16th Ave. S., Nashville, Tenn. 

Rhea, Margaret, Mur.freesboro, Tenn. 

Shackford, Isabel Temple, 1905, 518 Clay St., Lynchburg, Va. 

Smith, Mary M., Oceana, Va. 

Snead, Janet Winston, 1902, 717 Clay St., Lynchburg, Va. 

Strode, Mildred, Ex. '08, Amherst, Va. 

Swetnam, Carrie, 1828 Grove Ave., Richmond, Va. 

Weller, Ida Louise (Mrs. Horace Williams), St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Willey, Lena Tillou 1907, 703 Perry St., Helena, Ark. 

Wilson, Hayland L. 92 N. High St., Winchester, Tenm. 



248 



HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



Chapter Roll of Delta Delta Delta 



Chapter 



College 



Date of 
Installation 



Jo S es>i 



3 S 



Alpha. . . 

Delta . . . 
(Deuteron) 
Delta . . . 

Epsilon . 

Gamma . 
Beta . . . 

Zeta 

Eta 

Theta... 
Iota 



Kappa . . 

Lambda. 
Sigma . . 
Upsilon . 

Nu 

Omicron 

Mu 

Xi 

Pi 

Rho 

Tau 

Phi 

Chi 

Psi 

Alpha Xi 



Boston University 

Simpson College 

Iowa State College 

Knox College 

Adrian College 

St. Lawrence University.. 
University of Cincinnati.. 
University of Vermont... . 
University of Minnesota.. 
University of Michigan.. . 

University of Nebraska. . . 

Baker University 

Wesleyan University 

Northwestern University.. 
Ohio State University. . . . 

Syracuse University 

University of Wisconsin. . 
Wom'n's Coll'ge, B'ltim're 
University of California. . 

Barnard College 

Bucknell University 

University of Iowa. .... 
University of Mississippi. 
University of Pe'nsylva'ia 
R'nd'lph-Mac'n Worn'ns C 



1888. Th'nks- 
giving Eve. 

1889. May 10. 

1890. June... 

1889. Th'nks- 
giving Eve. 

1890. Feb. 22. 

1891. Dec. 24. 

1892. May 23 

1893. Feb. 27. 

1894. Feb. 21. 
1894. Nov. 1.. 

1894. Th'nks- 
giving Eve. 

1895. Mar. 12. 
1895. Mar. 15. 

1895. Junel.. 

1896. Mar. 31. 
Oct. 31. 
Apr. 1.. 
Nov. 25. 

1900. Apr. 14. 

1903. June 6. 

1904. May 20. 
1904. Sept. 27 
1904. Sept. 22 

1904. Sept. 30 

1905. Nov. 29 



1896 
1898 
1898 



148 88 



122 

Id 

121 

79 
68 
98 
60 
66 
32 

87 

76 
47 
66 

57 
89 
58 
33 
3«J 
22 
12 
17 
15 
13 



25 



38 18 



( ?) Discontinued 
in 1891 or 1892 
3 



21 


9 


19 


10 


4 


10 


20 


4 


19 


20 


6 


18 


15 




8 


15 


6 


14 



3 
5 
3 
2 
3 

Discontinued 
June, 1900 
3 



6 

4 

5 
5 
12 
4 
2 
6 
2 
4 
7 



20 


12 


25 


21 


6 


26 


10 


5 


11 


19 


6 


18 


13 


6 


15 


26 


6 


30 


22 


6 


23 


17 


1 


12 


18 


7 


18 


12 


3 


13 


9 


8 


16 


15 


9 


19 


9 


6 


11 


12 


1 


5 




16 


15 



(Report closed June, 1906.) 



ALUMNAE ALLIANCE ROLL OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



249 



Alumnae Alliance Roll of Delta Delta Delta 



Alliance 



Center City 



Established 



Chapters 
Represented 



Sft 



Alpha 

Epsilon 

Chicago 

Zeta. 

Gamma 

Sigma 

Omicrcn . . . 

Theta 

Delta 

Eta 

Beta 

Rho 

Denver .... 
Eos Angeles 

Mu 

Nu 

Kappa. 

Pi 

Upsilon.. . . 
Des Moines. 
Spokane. . . . 
Chicago .... 



Boston, Mass 

Galesburg, 111 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, O 

Adrian, Mich 

Middletown, Conn. 

Syracuse, N. Y 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

Indianola, la 

Burlington, Vt 

Canton, N. Y 

New York City 

Denver, Col 

Los Angeles, Cal... 

Madison, Wis 

Columbus, O 

Lincoln, Neb 

Berkeley, Cal 



Evanston, 111. 
Des Moines, la. . 
Spokane, Wash. 
Chicago, 111 



1892. 
1896. 
1897. 
1897. 
1898. 
1898. 
1900. 
1901. 
1901. 
1902. 
1903. 
1904 
1905. 
1905. 
1906. 
1906. 
1906. 
1905 . 



Aug. 29 
Mar. 2. 
May 15. 
Sept. 2. 
Jan. 8. . 
June 28 
Oct. 27. 
May 18. 
Oct. 28. 
June. . . 
June 23 
June. . . 
May . . 
Oct ... . 
Jan. 2 . 
Mar. 30 
May 19. 



A 

E, T, M 

A, E, T, Z, A, T. 
Z, I, r 

r 

z 

0, Z, A 

e 

A 

H 

B 

A, P, r,I.B,M, H, E 
A, E, T, K, A... 
A, n, E, A, A, B 

M 

N 

K 

Organized asAss'n, 

n. A. H, Z 



(Re-estab- 
lishment) 



Under Org'tion 

Under Org'tion 

Under Org'tion 

Under Org'tion 



30 
28 
12 
47 
24 
26 
23 
19 
16 
10 
25 
24 
9 



24 
16 
29 



N. B. — Changes of residence make the active membership of Al- 
liances fluctuate so that no report remains correct. These figures are 
only a part of Circle Degree membership. 



250 



HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



Delta Delta Delta Examinations 



























Per Cent. Above 90 Per Cent. 




Above 90 


Per Cent. 


























1898 


1899 


1900 


1901 


1902 


1903 


1904 


1905 


1906 


1907 


Alpha.. . 


29 


88 


77 


66 


100 


100 


4 


5 


99 


93.3 


Beta 


42 


67 


100 


25 


87 . 


60 


9 


5 


96.6 


100 


Gamma . 


88 


67 


l'O 


100 


100 


100 


3 


4 


95 


100 


Delta .. . 


29 


100 


loo 


33 


100 


64 


6 


9 


96 


100 


Epsilon . 


64 


45 


75 


43 


100 


100 


14 


4 


98 2 


100 


Z^ta.. . . 


78 


25 


89 


78 


90 


75 


9 


7 


96 


100 


Eta 


92 


88 


100 


100 


60 


67 


3 


7 




100 


Theta. .. 


64 


50 


100 


100 


89 


10«» 


8 


6 


94 


100 


Kappa... 


100 


1 


100 


20 


60 


50 


7 


3 


87 


92 3 


Lambda. 


38 


100 


100 


50 


37 


80 


3 


11 


100 


100 


Mu 


38 


86 


67 


17 


67 


60 


6 


11 


96 


66.6 


Nu 


86 


40 


75 


80 


80 


100 


3 


2 


96 


100 


Xi 


86 


50 


100 


40 


100 


67 


4 


8 


100 


100 


Omicron 


33 


60 


73 


18 


78 


62 


5 


7 


97 


100 


Pi 








6 


66 


80 


3 


4 


92 


57.1 


Rho 














6 

2 


8 

2 


87.4 
96 4 


60 


Sigma.. . 


14 


92 


100 


50 


66 


100 


100 


Tau 
















9 


97.3 


100 


Upsilon. 


31 


43 


50 


25 


29 


71 


7 


6 


95.3 


100 


Phi . . 
















1 i 

8 

10 


97.6 

95 4 

98 

98 


100 


Chi . 
















100 


Psi 












100 


AlphaXi 














'• 


100 















CHAPTER CONVENTION REPRESENTATION. 



251 



Chapter Convention Representation 



Chapter 


Installed 


1893 


1894 


1897 


1900 


1902 


1904 


1909 


Beta 


1888.... 
1891 


1 


3 
8 

Discc 


5 
1 
2 
2 
ntinue 
7 
2 
1 
15 
1 
1 
1 


4 

1 

2 
1 
d 
4 
40 
1 
3 
3 
3 
1 
1 
9 
1 
1 


50 
3 
2 
2 

4 
9 
4 
2 
1 
3 
1 
3 
2 
2 
4 
3 

3 


4 
2 
3 
3 

68 

2 
2 
4 


9 

22 


Gamma 


1890... 


1 
1 


6 


Delta (Deuteron) 
Delta 


....1889.... 
1890 


2 


Epsilon 


1889 


34* 


10 


Zeta 


...1892 ... 


12 


Eta 


1893 




1 
1 


3 


Theta 


1894 




3 


Iota 


1894 




Disc'ntin'd 


Kappa 

Lambda 


....1894. 
1895 






7 
2 
5 
1 
2 
3 
1 
1 
2 
2 
6 
1 
1 


3 

4 


Mu 


1898 






6 


Nu 


1896 ... 






2 


2 


Xi 


. ..1898 






6 


Omicron 


1896 .. 




2 


68 


Pi 


1900 


2 


Rho. . 


1903 








1 


4 


Sigma 


1895 






1 


3 


Tau. . 


. 1904 . . . 


4 


Upsilon 


1895.. . 






2 


1 


1 


5 


Phi... 


. 1904 . . . 






4 


Chi . 


1904. . 












1 


Psi. . 


1904 












1 


Alpha XI 


1905. . 










2 



















Totals 


37 


13 


45 


77 


99 


122 


182 



The numerals indicate number present at each Convention, both 
active and alumnae. 



* Approximate. 



252 



HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



Sorority Parallels — Statistics 



Fraternity 



Where 



> 




■ 
B 


to 




CO 


8j« 


V 


«-H 


s 
o 


09 

E 


B 



< - 

Li 


5 


b a 
S.S 

3 B 


W 


■ 

s 


fi 
4) 




B 


- id 


a 


2 


B 



3 




o 


a 







l« 






U 







B ^ 



u ir 

- — 



H 



Alpha Chi Omega 
Alpha Omicron P 

Alpha Phi 

Alpha Xi Delta... 

Chi Omega 

Delta Delta Delta 
Delta Gamma .... 
Gamma Phi Beta. 
Kappa Alpha Theta. . 
Kappa Kappa Gamma 

Pi Beta Phi 

(I. C. Sorosis) 
Sigma Kappa 



1885 
1897 
1872 
1902 
1895 
1888 
1874 
1874 
1870 
1870 
1883 
1867 
1874 



DePauw 

Barnard 

Syracuse 

Iyombard 

Arkansas Univ. 
Boston Univ. . . . 
Lyouis School . . . 

Syracuse 

DePauw 

Monmouth 

Monmouth 

Colby 



10 


1 


7 


4 


912 


11 


7 








174 




14 




12 


7 


1443 


18 


10 
20 






3 
6 


217 
612 


3 
3 


3 


7 


23 


1 


16 


7 


1360 


6 


18 


10 


10 


5 


1715 


14 


12 




6 


7 


1221 




28 


9 


13 


14 


3225 


16 


33 


10 


32 


13 


4234 


16 


36 


12 


27 


15 


3788 


15 


5 








273 











N. B. — Baird's Manual, 1905, has been used for much of this data, 
later facts only being incorporated in number of active chapters and 
Conventions. 



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WW? 
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o 

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»3 

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3*3 



3.3 3 3 
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S.I08- 

§ I* $ - rt ^2 

r+ to H ^~s<; ^< 
t>. i£. 






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WW 

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WWW 
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w w w w 



XX: 

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: : w 
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44 



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a: 



o 

o 






Sorority Parallels on Sixteenth Birthday 



Name of Sorority 


n 

•5 

I 

3 

4H 

1 
1 
Q 


n 

•« is 

«*- u 
°£ 
3 

Q 


*. o <- 
® £03 

£0- 


(4 

u »•- 
*«' 

S«2 

3 c 5 

Kg! 

3 

3 


be 

OS- 

1 0^3 

3 * jt 

St.: 

o 
> 


S t^S 

3 C 
^03 


Delta Delta Delta 

Pi Beta Phi 


1888 
1867 
1870 
1870 
1872 
1872 
1874 


1904 
1883 
1886 
1886 
1888 
1888 
1890 


22 
14 
13 
21 
13 
4 
5 


12 


13 


1 


Kappa Kappa Gamma 




1 
4 
4 
1 


1 
1 


Delta Gamma 




Alpha Phi 
















Explanation : This comparison of relative growth in the first six- 
teen years after founding must of course take into account something 
of the differences in the possibility of the periods during which the 
growth took place, and if one of the last sixteen years in the history of 
each were made there would still be differences of opportunity to equalize. 



Sorority Parallels — Publications 



Fraternity 


Official Magazine 


•o 

V 

IS 

¥ 

s 

3 

s 


09 

M 

■ 

- - 

3 U 
bt 4) 

"5 5 
o 


Song 
Books 


01 

V 

c 
IS 



0) 

i 


Alpha Chi Omega 

Alpha O micron Pi.... 
Alpha Phi 


The Lyre 


1894 


3 


'03 




The Alpha Xi Delta. 

The Eleusis 

and The Mystagogue 

The Trident 

and The Triton. 

Kappa Alpha Theta. 
The Key 


1888 
1904 
1899 
1906 
1891 
1906 
1884 
1900 
1885 
1882 
1885 
1907 


3 


'92-'04 




Alpha Xi Delta 






'05 




Delta Delta Delta 


9 


'05 


1907* 


Kappa Alpha Theta. . 
Kappa Kappa Gamma 
Pi Beta Phi (I. C.)... 
Sigma Kappa 


2 

5 

9 
9 


'95-'04 

2 

'84-'90-'92 

'86-'89-'97 

'99-'04 


1904 


The Arrow 


1893 


The Triangle 











*A complete history. The ones brought out by other sororities so 
far as known have been mere outlines, usually in pamphlet form. 



Sorority Parallels — Date of Chapter Establishment 



College 


AXftAOII 


A* 


ASA 


Xfi 


AAA 


Ar 


1 I . « 
T4>B KA9 KKr IIB* 


SK 


Adelphi C 




















190t> 
1882 


















1890 






.... 






Albion C 


1887 
1891 










1883 




1883 
1882 




Allegheny C 








1895 




1888 












1895 










Baker U 






























1903 


X 














Bethany C 






























X 

1879 






1882 


1896 










1883 






1888 


1887 


1897 


1904 














Buchtel C . 














1877 

1878 
1880 

X 

1901 
1891 

1883 

1875 






Bucknell U. . . 


X 










1903 




'7406 

189(i 


1894 
1897 
19 -0 

X 

X 




Butler C 


















1901 




1902 


1900 


1907 


1896 






































1892 
1903 


















1906 
1906 
19 6 


1885 
1885 


1901 
1897 


1898 
1881 
1870 


1885 
1904 


1874 






1897 


1903 
1889 






(Barnard) 
Cornell U. . 


















1885 

X 
1903 






1885 




1887 
















1906 






















X 
X 
X 










Franklin C. . 


















X 


1888 




Fult'n FemaleC 




















Geo. Wash'g'n U 










1903 










1889 














X 




X 






















X 




HellmuthW'm's 
C London, Ont 
Hillsdale C 


1899 








X 




























1880 
1899 
1874 
1878 


1887 
1896 




Illinois, U. of. . 
Ill Wesleyan U 






1906 


1900 




1906 

1898 




1895 

X 
1870 


1906 
















1897 
•77'0* 

1882 
1868 
















X? 
1904 
















1887 






1882 




Iowa Wesleyan. 
Jessamine Fe- 








1902 
















X 

1902 
1903 


























1881 


1883 


1873 




Kentucky U 
























1889 








X 
X 


1884 

1873 
1888 
1893 
'9006 
























Michigan, U. of 








1902 














1898 




1892 


1906 


X 


1885 


1882 


1879 


1890 


.... 


Minnesota, U. of 
Mississippi, U. of 






1890 






1894 
1904 


1882 
X 


1902 


1889 


1880 










1899 





















Sorority Parallels — Date of Chapter Establishment 

( CONTINUED ) 



College 


1 
AXfi Aon 


A4> 


ASA 


Xfl 


AAA 


Ar 


r*BKA0 


1 
KKr IIB* 

1 i 


2K 


Missouri, U. of. 




















1875 
X 


1899 
X 


























Moore's Hill C. . 


















X 




Mt. Union C 








1902 


1903 


1895 


1882 
1888 










Nebraska, U. of. 
New England 

Conservatory 
New York U 


1895 


1903 


1906 




1887 


1884 


1895 




1900 






















Northwestern U 
Ohio State U... 


1890 


1881 




1901 


1895 
18% 


1882 


1888 


1888 
1892 

X 

X 


1882 
1888 

X 

1890 


1894 
1894 
1889 




Ohio U 














Ohio Wesleyan. 




















Pen's'lv'ia, U.of 












1904 
1905 










Rand'lph-Mac'n 
Rockford C 




1903 






1900 














X 
X 
X 
X 

1892 






St. Lawrence U. 












1891 
1889 


X 












1907 












X 


1874 
1893 










Stanford U.. . 






1899 








1897 


1905 


1891 




South Dakota U. 


1903 








S. W. Baptist U. 








1903 
















So. Iowa Normal 
















1891 
1889 
1904 


1893 
1893 
1906 


X 

1892 
1896 
1902 


















Syracuse U 






1872 


1904 


1904 
1900 

1900 


1896 


1901 


1874 


1P0S 


Texas, U. of 












1902 
1898 














Toronto, U. of.. 
Tulane U 




1906 


1906 








'87'06 


1904 


189i 


.... 


Tufts C 














U. of Pacific. . . . 
















X 
X 

19^4 
1881 
1905 
1906 








U. of So. Calif. . 


1895 












X 






Vanderbilt U. . . 












1905 


1898 
1906 




Vermont, U. of. 












1893 








Washi'gt'n,U.of 
Washington U. . 












1903 


1903 


















Water Val. Inst. 














X 






Wesleyan U. . . . 












1895 




X 








West. Reserve U 












X 










West Virginia U 
Wisconsin, U. of 
Wittenburg C . . 




1906 
1904 
1904 


1906 
1902 








1906 
1875 






1903 




1896 


1899 


1881 


1885 


1890 


1893 




Woman's C. of 






1891 




1899 


1892 


1893 


1896 
1875 


1875 


1897 




Wooster, U. of. . 


.... 










York C 












X 

























x indicates a chapter once established there but now inactive. 

Two dates indicate first establishment and revival of chapter after 
period of inaction. 

N. B. — In this and all other charts, account is made onlv of those 
sororities admitted to the Inter-Sorority Conference. 

Prior to 18S4, II B *, known then as I. C, established chapters at 
Burlington, Fairfield, Ottumwa, Mt. Pleasant and Iowa City, Iowa. All 
are now inactive. 



Parallels Continued 
(Colleges Where Sororities Have Entered) 



College 


Location 


s 

•a 
c 

3 



h 


Control 


Endowment 


4) 

- s 

_ o 
a u 

s c 

B "I 
B 
< 


3 
U 

fa 


09 

8 



•a 

3 
05 




18% 




1 










Brooklyn, N. Y. 185<* 


Non Sect. 






34 


477 




Adrian, Mich. . . 


1861 


M. P . 


50,000 


27,000 


14 


200 


Albion C 


Albion, Mich. . . 


1815 
1872 


M. P.... 


j 257,000 
1 480 000 


43,522 
48,000 


26 


483 
400 




Meadville. Pa.. . 


M. E 


23 


Arkansas U 


Fayettville.Ark. 
Baldwin, Kans.. 


1868 


M. E... 


i 








Baker U 


250,000 


92,000 


10 


1225 


Belmont C. 


Nashville.Tenn. 
Bethany. W.Va. 


184f 
1878 






Bethany C 


Chrisnan . 


1 150,000 


42,000 


18 


280 






186* 


S.W.Baj.t. 


i 




7 


207 


Boston U 


Boston, Mass. . . 


l75fi 


M E 


j 850,595 


160,690 


151 


1401 




Providence, R.I. 
Akron, O 


187( 
1846 


Bapt . 










Buchtel C 




6,345 


19 


297 




Lewisburg, Pa.. 


1804 


Bapi. 


710,000 




54 


740 


Butler C 


Indianap'iis.Ind 
Berkley. Cal.... 


18C6 
1879 












California. U. of. 


State. . 


3,671,442 


1,079,585 


266 


3005 


Callanan C. . 


Des Moines la.. 
Carthage. 111.... 


1869 
1819 
















50 500 


18,878 


14 


251 


Cincinnati, U. of. 


Cincinnati, O. . . 


1818 


Non-Sect . 


1,450,' 00 


200.000 


150 


1360 


Colby C... 




1877 
1889 


Bapt ... . 
State. .. 


405,830 


56 939 


17 


240 


Colorado, U. of... 


Boulder, Col 


165,000 


112 


850 


Columbia 


New York City . 




Non-Sect. 


684 210 


136,641 


68 


529 


(Barnard) 
















Cornell U 


Ithaca, N. Y. . . . 


186« 


Non Sect . 


7,839,874 


1,213,172 


510 


3399 


Denver, U. of . . . . 


Denver, Col.. . . 


18CJ 


M. E 


350.000 


83,502 


17c 


13i 


DePauw U 


Greencastle,Ind 


1817 


M. E... 


425,000 


162.000 


42 


820 




Carlisle, Pa 


178* 


M. E... 


350,< 00 


84.000 


33 


500 




Wash'gt'n. DC 














Franklin C 


Franklin, Ind.. 


1834 


Bapt 


265,295 


22,317 


11 


225 


Fulton Female C. 


Fulton, Mo. 
Washi'gt'n, D.C 
Hanover, Ind. . . 


IS^I 
18-78 


Pres 










Geo. Washi'g-t'n U 
Hanover C 




215,000 








15.0( 


15 


140 




Hastings, Neb.. 


188"> 


Pre- 


100 000 


33,824 


14 


256 


Hillsdale C 


Hillsdale, Mich. 


1855 


Free Bapt 


210.822 


17,281 


23 


377 


Hellmuth 
















Woman's C. . . . 


London, Ont. . . . 














Illinois, U. of . . . . 


Urbana, 111. .. 


1867 


Non Sect . 


635.026 


1,159,363 


420 


4300 


111. Weslevan U.. 


Blo'mington.IU. 


1850 


M. E 


102.000 


22.3M 


32 


848 




Blo'mingt'n.Ind 18"8 


Non-Sect . 


700,0( 


207,000 


75 


1684 


Iowa- State C 




683,708 


577.953 


130 


1331 




Iowa City, la. . . 1874 State 






70 


20C0 


Iowa Wesleyan... 


Mt. Pleasant, la. i 


1844 


M. E 


61.820 


28,010 


32 


408 


Jessamine Ke- 


I 
















Nichol'sville.Ky 1854 


T^ on-Sect 






11 


110 


Kansas, U. of... . 




151,000 


367,378 


102 


1800 


Kentucky, U. of.. 


Lexington, K\ . 1858 Christian. 


389.672 


117 069 


54 


1176 


Knox C 


Galesbure, 111... 
Aub'rnd'le Mass 


1837 Non-Sect . 
1851 Non -Sect . 


272,212 


46.223 


32 
32 


560 


Lasell Seminary. 


149 


Galesburg. 111...) 


1851, Univ 


160,000 


7,00 


18 


156 


Michigan, U. of.. 


AnnArbor.Mich 


1836 


State. ... 




988,500 


332 


4800 









Parallels Continued 
(Colleges Where Sororities Have Entered) 

(CONTINUED) 



College 


Location 


8 

•o 

s 

3 
O 

h 


Control 


c 

s 

it 
■5 
w 


■ 
I 

mt O 

r. u 

a - 

< 




■ 
c 

41 

1 ' 


Middlebury C 


Middlebury, Vt. 


1800 


Non-Sect . 


400,00. » 


28,000 


13 177 


Minnesota, U. of. 


MinYap'lis.Min 


1808 


State. ... 


1.4o0.000 


48o.583 


300 4025 


Mississippi, U. of 


Oxford, Miss 


1844 


State 




100,400 


33 328 


Missouri, U. of. . . 


Columbia, o. . 


1839 


S ate 




510.000 


171 2400 


Monmouth C 


Monm utn. 111. . 


1867 


Un. Pres. 


207,00(1 


39.466 


23, 471 


Moore's Hill C... 


Moore'sHill,Ind 


18S4 


M. E 


25.000 


9,000 


18 252 


Mt. Union C. . 


Alliance, O. 


1846 


M. E 


98.000 


2o.280 


36 581 


Nebraska, U. of.. 


Lincoln, Neb. . . 


1869 


Siate. 


l.OOU.OOO 


419.845 


173 2914 


New England 














Conservatory 


Boston, Mass, . . 












New York U 


New York City. 


1830 


Pres 


l,08o,349 


360,198 


2153200 


Northwestern U . 


Evanstou, 111... 


1831 


M. E 


3,959 851 


560,762 


2913863 


Ohio State U 


Columbus, O... . 


1868 


State 


762,042 


690,985 


1602157 


Ohio U. .. 


Athens, O 


1804 


State. . 




134,221 


461272 


Ohio Wesleyan... 


Delaware, O. . . . 


1842 


M. E 


858.353 


212,480 


118 1186 


Pen's'lv'nia, U.of 


Philadelphia.Pa 


1748 


State 


4.632 874 


580,599 


347 


3558 


Randol ph-Macon 


Lynchburg, Va. 


1893 


Non-Sec . 


210,500 


111,015 


32 


35o 


Rockford C 


Rockford, 111.... 


184/" 


Non-Sect . 






21 


145 


St. Lawrence U. . 


Canton, N. Y . . 


1856 


Univ 


450,001) 


55 330 


25 


500 


Simpson C 


Indianola, la. . . 


1867 


M. E.... 


82,436 


21.013 


40 


543 


Smithson C 


Logansport, Ind 
Palo Alto, Cal.. 


1891 


N<.n-Sect. 










Stanford U 


20,000,000 


800,000 


140 


1517 


South Dakota U.. 


Vermillion, S.D. 












So. Iowa Normal. 


Bloomfield. la. . 
Jackson, Tenn. . 
Swarthmore.Pa. 












Southw'u Bapt. U 
Swarthmore C. 


1874 
1869 












Quak« ; r . . 


900,000 


34 ',• 00 


30 


307 


Syracuse U 


Syracuse, N. Y 


1870 M. E 


1.797,178 


604,816 


213 


3004 


Tennessee U 


Knoxville. Tenn 
Austin. Texas. . 


18"7' 

1883' State 


2 000.000 








Texas, U. of 


242,285 


113 


1486 


Toronto, U. of . .. 


Toronto, Ont. . . 


....| 










Tulane U 


New Orleans. La 


•5J'M Non-Sect . 


2.184,026 


255,336 


108 


1302 


Tufts C. . 


Medford. Mass. . 
Napa. Cal 


1*52; Univ. .. 
1853 M. E.. . 










U. of Pacific 


125 0.0 


3o,255 


25 


2<»0 


U. of So.C'lif'rnia 


Los Angeles, Cal 


1880 M. E 




• -1 






Vanderbilt U 


Nashville, Tenn 


18731 M. E . 


1.550,000 


147.0. '0 


100 


830 


Vermont, U. of.. . 


Burlington, Vt. 


1791 


State 


481.989 


304,572 


75 


570 


Washington, U.of 


Seattle, Wash. . 


1862 


State 




3 2,0 


74 1394 


Washington U. . . 


St. Louis, Mo... 


1853 


N n-Sect . 


5,544,00o 


406,000 


235 1834 


Water Val. Inst.. 










J 








Mid'leto'n.Conn 


1831 


M. E 


1.437,146 


106,734; 


35 


340 


West Reserve U. . 


E. Cleveland. O 


1826 


Pr-s 




110.000 


104 


845 


West Virginia U. 


M'rg'nt'n.W Va 


1868 


State 


115,904 


213.486 


79 


1422 


Wisconsin U. . . . 


Madison Wis... . 


1848 


State. 


531,623 


1 020 143 


nb 


3166 


Wittenburg C 


Spring-field. O. . 


1845 


Luth 


355,000 


27,750 


24 


386 


Woman's C. of 


















Baltimore, O... . 


1888 


M R 


669.000 


67.888 24 


328 


Wooster, U. of . . . 


Wooster, O. 


1860 




252..v9 


48,382 35 


56. > 


YorkC 


York. Neb 


1890 


M E.. 


l.nO • 


2o,997 17 454 



INDEX 



Abbott, Fern 188 

Abbott, Julia May 167 

Abercrombie, Mary Taylor, 54, 68, 84, 

166, 197 201 

Ackerman, Wilhelmina 88, 132 

Adams, Cara May 59, 143 

Adams, Clara 79 

Adams, Edna 2o8 

Adams, Mary A 152, 153, 206 

Adams, May A 185 

Adams, Minnie A 126 

Albray, Sarah 135, 205 

Aldrich, Blanche 77, 123 

Aldrich, Dr. and Mrs 78 

Alexander, Josephine 61 

Allard, Leola 64, 155, 156 

Allen, Celia ...150, 151 

Allen, Claudia 160, 206 

Allen, Elsie 163 

Allen, Emily Frances, 21, 24, 27, 28, 29 

30, 36, 46, 53, 54, 62, 67, 74, 76, 79, 

80, 81, 82, 83, 113, 115, 151, 182, 196, 

198, 201 

Allen, Evelyn 81, 89, 159, 161, 186 

Allen, Florence E., 60, 162, 163, 164, 

189 206 

Allen, Jessie 81 

Allen, Lora 146 

Allen, Mary Bates 180 

Allen, Ora 63, 85, 150 

Allis, Sarah 130, 136 

Alt, Mrs. (See Jennie Randall). 

Alton, Laura 123, 124 

Ames, Nora Dale 60 

Anderson, Julia 163, 164 

Anderson, Lela 163 

Andrews, Agnes 89, 136 

Andrews, Alice 88 

Andrews, Daisy 135 

Andrews, Elizabeth 135 

Andrews, Ellen 89 

Andrews, Ethel 96, 184 

Andrews, Hattie Katherine, 138, 139, 

186, 187 206 

Angle, Claribel 142, 207, 208 

Appell, Edith M 170, 187 

Armstrong, Edna 58, 59, 82, 157, 189 

Arnold, Elizabeth, 84, 86, 122, 123, 124, 125 
Arnold, Harriet. .85, 89, 96, 122, 123, 

124 125 

Arnold, Mrs. L. E. (See Marie Raymond). 

Ash, Bessie 89 

Atherton, Grace 207 

Atwater, Grace Yale. ..60, 62, 80, 132, 205 

Atwater, Frances 89, 132, 205 

Atwood, Anjanette 67, 08, 69 

Atwood, Clarissa 86, 123. 124 

Auld, Alice 86, 87 

Auld. Eola 83 

Averill, Harriette 144, 157 

Avres. Clara Grace, 25, 30, 57, 58, 67, 

81, 100, 117, 182 205 

Ayres, Mr. and Mrs. S. C 78 

Ayers, Mrs. S. G. (See Minnie C. Tackson) 
Ayers, Nellie 120, 207 



Babbitt, Jessie 137 

Babbitt, Katherine 135, 137, 206, 20T 

Babcock, Ruth 61, 83, 142, 143, 206 

Bacon, Mrs. Dorothy 146, 167 

Bacon, Grace E 90 

Badger, Delia Alice. 21, 27, 28, 29, 113, 201 

Bagg, M. Elizabeth 62, 83, 153, 206 

Bailey, Mae 208 

Bainbridge, Mrs. Randolph (See Marion 
Nickerson). 

Baird, Charlotte 140 

Baird, Mrs. Malcolm, (See Lillian Daisy 
Thomas). 

Baird, William Raimond 98 

Baker, Bessie 95, 135 

Baker, Dorothy E 185, 207 

Baker, Mamie Linda 79, 80, 131 

Baker, Nellie Leona 131 

Baker, Viva 90 

Baldwin, Mrs. Emma H 151, 184 

Ball, Marion E. P. 88, 91, 170, 187, 197, 

201 

Ball, Mary W 64, 180 

Barbee, Helen 85, 166 

Barden, Martha 77, 86, 92, 184 

Barker, Alice 118 

Barker, Alta 85 

Barker, Eva 155, 156, 161, 207 

Barnes, Hulda J 115, 116, 205 

Barnes, Mabelle W 94 

Barnum, Grace 115, 116, 205 

Barnum, Mable F 115, 116, 205 

Barrow, Sarah E 208 

Barrv, Mary L 60 

Bartlett, Bertha 92 

Bartlett, Mrs. Chas (See Harriette Wilcox) 
Bartlett, Sara, 59, 60, 61, 83, 84„ 89, 

115, 170, 171, 197 201 

Bassett, Nellie 77, 82, 86, 120 

Batchelder, Carrie 207 

Bateman, Katherine 208 

Bayley, Frances 58, 188 

Baxter, Mable, ...58, 86, 122, 123, 124, 125 

Beach, Bertha 160, 206 

Beaman, Alice 89 

Beaman, Vera 89 

Befell, Mrs. (See Irene Lewis). 

Beddoe, Carrie E 58, 59, 67, 187 

Beede. Georgia 86, 125 

Be'lport, Mrs. B. P. (See Louise H. 
Groves. ) 

Benedict, Ethel K 89 

Benjamin, Charlotte 124 

Benner, Edith 116 

Bennett, Kate 85, 142, 143, 206 

Bentlv, Adele 74, 95, 135, 136, 205 

Kentlv, Elizabeth 118 

Bentlv, Frances : 89 

Bentlv. Tulia 135, 136, 137, 206 

Bently, Louise 63, 89, 135, 136 

Beran, Mable 208 

Berrv, Annie 176, 177 

Berrv. Hattie, 55, 58, 77, 78, 84, 118, 

119, 120, 148 154 

Berry, Mary 207 



(259) 



260 



HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



Berry, Mrs. W. H. (See Alice Barker). 
Bertram, Mrs. E. (See Georgia Suber). 

Beuhler, Hettie G 57 

Bierman, Frances 189 

Bigelow, Mrs. Clifford 103 

Bignell, Ethel 84 

Birch, Eldora Josephine 152, 206 

Black, Alice 116 

Black, Kathleen 135, 136 

Black, Mattie 129 

Blain, Kathleen L 129 

Blake, Hannah May 88, 178, 179 

Blake, Mrs. W. L 178 

Blanchard, Ida 117, 207 

Blanchard, Lucy .- 141 

Bock, Alice 88 

Bode, Mrs. (See Evelyn Marianna Rat- 
cliff.) 

Bodler, Sophia 173 

Bohlman, Laura 96 

Bonar, Mrs. Chas. (See Teressa Metcalf). 

Bond, Aileen 180 

Bond, Elizabeth 84, 89 

Bond, Grace L 56, 57, 151 

Bonnell, Daisy 75, 84, 96, 148, 190 

Bonnell, Winifred 96, 190 

Boone, Daisy 68, 81, 159, 186 

Borden, Mrs. Albert (See Julia Ferris). 

Boston, Edna 89 

Boulson, Elizabeth 95 

Bowen, Lucy Isabelle 155 

Bowers, Jessie L 169 

Bowles, Ethel Daisy 83 

Bowne, Mrs. Prof 27, 114 

Bowne, Prof 21 

Boyden, Katherine 124 

Boyer, Mrs. Ella M 178 

Boyer, Marguerite Irene 178 

Boyle, Blanche 82, 95, 144. 145 

Box, Cora 84, 136 

Bracket, Bertha 21, 27, 29, 113, 201 

Bradley, Mrs. W. O. (See Annie Berry.). 

Bragg, Helen 89 

Braley, Pattie 89, 159 

Bray, Alma du 135 

Breed, Isabel 21, 24, 27, 28. 29, 113 

117, 196 201 

Brayfogle, Grace 148 

Brierley, Mable 82, 130 

Brourink, Mable 82, 174 

Brodie, C. M 56 

Brown, Mrs. B. W 159 

Brown, Calvin S 177 

Brown, Carrie Tappan. . .152, 153, 185, 206 

Brown, Gertrude 119, 144 

Brown, Harriet 144 

Brown, Tennie 89, 160, 206 

Brown, Josephine H 159, 186 

Brown, May 57 

Brown. Nellie 83, 95 

Brush, Lynn 190 

Brush, Maude 190 

Bryant, Clara Louise 146 

Buck, Mrs. Clarence F. (See Lena Staat). 

Buck, Mrs. Prof 21 

Buck. Prof 27, 114 

Buckland, Nettie Louisa. .25. 114, 117, 205 

Budd, Etta May 28, 31, 32, 33, 42, 114 

117, 118, 119. 126 201 

Bunnell, May Grace 152, 153. 185 

Burdett, Myrtle May 21, 27, 28, 74, 

114 201 

Burgess, Mary 173 

Burmester. Sophia W 178 

Burraee, Myra 117 

Burt Suzanne 170 

Burton. Margaret 57. 58, 59, 60 

Bush, Mrs. Alden, (See Mary Joyce). 

Butler, Ada 208 

Butterworth, Ruth 60, 157 

Byrne, Mrs. Jos. (See Estelle Roehl. 



Cairns, Annie 60, 120 

Caldwell, Mrs. j. F. (See Estelle Riley). 
Canfield, Mrs. Harry (See Ethel Palmer). 

Camp, Bessie 77 

Campbell, Carrie 140 

Campbell, Daisy 59, 162, 163 

Campbell, Florence 137 

Cannon, Nan 82, 158, 189 

Capen, Ina F 60, 117 

Games, Anna B 59, 94 

Carpenter, Kate 178 

Carstens, Etta 135 

Carter, Corinne 84, 167 

Carter, Frances 83, 84, 167, 168 

Carter, Mattie 21, 27, 28, 29, 113, 201 

Case, Mrs. Nelson 151 

Case, Octa W 130 

Casey, Abbie 56, 57, 89, 131 

Cassady, Edith 89 

Catlin, Mrs. M. S 174 

Caulfield, Elizabeth 208 

Cavaness, Ethel 59, 96, 149, 150 

Cawley, Margaret 85, 89, 164 

Center, Hannah Josephine 21, 27, 

28, 32, 114 201 

Chadwick, Winifred 89 

Challis, Rae 190 

Challoner, George 103 

Chamberlain, Mrs. (See Carrie Beddoe) . 
Champlin, Mrs. (See Clara B. Johnson). 

Chandler, Elsie 154 

Chaplain, Gratia 207 

Chapman, Ethel 84, 85, 87, 140 

Chappell, Ethel 93, 180, 181 

Chase, Elizabeth 82 

Cheshire, Hattie 118 

Chevalier, Mrs 126 

Chollar, Bessie 89, 157 

Chowning, Eva 86 

Christoferson, Mrs. H. F. (See Effie 

Jacobsen. 

Church, Isabella 152, 185 

Cilker, Martha E 167 

Clapo, Katherine 61 

Clark, Fannie J .58, 59, 64, 119 

Clark, Helen 139, 140, 207 

Clark, Marion E 115, 205 

Clarkson, Florence, 122, 123, 124, 125, 174 

Clatworthy, Linda 150 

Clawson, Maude 86 

Clemens, Ida C 124, 207 

Clough, Emily S 21, 87, 28, 29, 36, 

59, 113, 116 201 

Clough, Grace 81, 154, 155, 184, 207 

Clough, Sally 86 

Closterman, Julia, 54, 68, 81, 83, 84, 

134, 135, 157, 197 201 

Cochran, Mary E 25, 56, 57, 114, 205 

Coddinuton, Mrs. R. W. (See Manre 

L. Baker). 
Cole, Ada A, 58, 59, 60, 61, 74, 85, 89, 

115 116 20") 

Cole, Edith 116 

Cole, Mrs. Chas. (See Martha Barden). 

Cole, Ruby 62, 116 

Collins, Bertha 85, 122. 125 

Collins, Lucy Weimar 135, 136, 206 

Collins, Mary D 57 

Collins, Mrs. Rollin (See Florence Clark- 
son.) 
Colson, Mrs. A. D. (See Edith Waite). 

Comstock, Mrs. — — 

Conklin, Lulu 77 

Conner, Elizabeth G 178, 179 

Conner, Mrs. Isabella W 178 

Connor, Ethel. .62, 85, 95, 122, 123, 124, 

125 

Cook, Virginia K. 180 

Cook, Mrs. D. A. (See Emily Hall). 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



261 



Corbin, Mrs. D 160 

Corbin, Lura M 165 

Corderv Deborah 178 

Corey, Emma L 132 

Cottrell, Carrie 126 

Cottrell, Mary H 126 

Cowen, Mrs. H 131 

Cox, Mabel 86 

Cowley, Mrs. Arthur (See Clara Pfister). 

Cramer, Barbara 88 

Crane, Mrs. Henry (9ec Eva Rorick). 

Crocker, Edna 87 

Crocker, Mable 77, 82, 86, 120 

Crofut, Minnie 89, 160, 161, 206 

Crowley, Mrs. J. O. (See Hope Main). 

Crum, Mable 82, 85 

Cullen, Anna M 178 

Cullen, Mrs. Wm. T. 178 

Culver, Mrs. (See Dorothy Baker). 

Cunningham, Edna 95, 136, 137 

Cunningham, Emma 135 

Currier, Alice 67 

Custer. Mrs 149 

Cutter, Mrs. (See Vena Vaughn.) 

D 

Damon, Julie 89 

Danforth, Effie 60, 82, 144, 197, 201 

Daniels, Ella 94 

Darrohn, Anna 89 

Darrohn, Clara 89 

Darsie, Ida 134 

Davidson, Belle 142 

Davidson, Mary 1 141 

Davis, Frances 89 

Davis, Ida E 83, 135, 136, 206 

Davis, E. Pearl 116 

Davis, W. W 98 

Dean, Emma D 89 

Dean, Grace 88, 90, 132 

Dean, Nellie 148 

Dean, Nellie E 126 

Dean, Ruth 153, 206 

Deavitt, Carrie 138, 189, 140, 206 

De Laney, Josephine 88, 132 

De Lano, Luella 89 

De Waters, Mrs. (See Sarah Allis). 
Dewey, Mrs. Herbert (See Ethel Perkins). 
Dewey, Mrs. Victor (See Julia Meyer). 

Dickerman, Grace ; 57 

Dickinson, Rogerta 62, 75, 155, 156 

Dicks, Millie 89 

Diserens, Elizabeth 84, 135, 206 

Dixon, Mrs. Ed (See Mable Crocker.) 

Dixon, Grace 84, 163 

Dodds, Edith 123, 124 

Dodge, Florence 1 168, 169, 189 

Dodson, Laura , 180 

Donahoe, Margaret 63, 75, 153, 206 

Dopp. Mary 162, 163, 164 

Douglas, Florence 139, 140 

Douglas, Helen 138, 139, 140 

Douglas. Mary 138 

Dow, Mrs. C. H. (See Ina Capen). 
Drake, Mrs. E. R. (See Harriet E. Stone) 

Drake. Georgiana 89 

Du Bois, Ada 146 

Dunham, Elsie 63, 174 

Dunham, Elva 174 

Dunlop, Mrs. K. (See Mary Durand). 
Dunning, Mrs. S. A. (See Agnes Powers). 

Dunsmoor, Delia J 139, 140 

Durand. Mary 169 

Du Teil Bertha 82, 190 

Dyar, Alice 60, 62, 142, 143. 206 

Dyar, Annie 155, 156, 197, 201, 207 

E 

Eaton, Luella 59, 67, 83 

Eayes, Clara May 56, 129 



Ebling, Emily 90, 172, 173 

Eckels, Minnie 179 

Edgar, Caroline, 57. 79, 80, 141, 142, 

143, 148, 186. 196, 201 

Eels, Mrs. E. (See Eleanor Milchrist). 

Egan, Ethel 77, 188 

Egan, Mary 189 

Egan, Mrs 78 

Eldridge, Viola 59 

Elliott, Omita I 207 

Ellis, Cora 154, 155, 156 

Ellison, Wanda 162 

Ellsworth, Claudia F 62, 166 

Elwood, Lillian 123, 125 

Embury, Ethel 159 

Emerson, Margaret Evelyn, 21, 27, 28, 

29, 100, 113, 184, 201 207 

Emnch, Lillian 77, 81, 86, 183 

English, Alice W 152, 153, 206 

Enright, Evelyn 139 

Erdman, Mrs. (See Caroline Edgar.) 

Ertle, Elsa E 82, 83, 123 

Essleborn, Emilie 134, 135, 206 

Esty, Mrs. (See Julia M. Abbott.) 

Evans, Elizabeth 178 

Evans, Lucy F 116 

Evans, Mary S, 58, 59, 60, 135, 136, 

184 , 206 

Evans, Mrs. R. H 178 

Eveleth, Martha, 58, 77, 78, 80, 115, 117, 

196, 202 

Everett, Mrs. E. R. (See Frances Sisson). 
Ewalt, Clara C 61, 62, 158 

F 

Fairweather, Nelle 82, 136 

Farmer, Mildred 90 

Farrell, Edith 63 

Fee, Mrs. (See Pearl Powers). 

Feeman, Mrs. Harlan (See Annie Cairns) 

Fehrenkamp, Winifred 89 

Feldmeyer, Ethel 166 

Fern, Richard Lee 100 

Ferris, Amy H 89, 135 

Ferris, Gertrude 86 

Ferris, Julia 84, 123 

Ferris, Louise 86, 123, 125 

Ferris, Mary C 82, 86, 155, 156, 207 

Ferry, Etta Jane 25, 114 

Field, Bertha 1 138, 139, 140 

Field, Mary G 60, 95, 145 

Fick, Alma S, 58, 59, 101, 134, 135, 

184 206 

Fisher, Annie F 85, 87, 171 

Fisher, Helen 139 

Fisher, Sallie 138 

Fitch, R. Louise, 49. 50. 52, 54, 55, 61, 
63, 64, 68, 83, 85, 88, 91, 95, 122, 
123, 124, 125, 174, 175, 176, 197, 

198, 202 

Follin Emma A 62 

Follin, Mary 149, 151 

Foote, Mrs. John (See Adelaide Watrous) 

Forbes, Marion 139 

Forbes. Mrs (See Hattie K. Anderson) 

Ford, Teanette 177 

Ford, Marion 102 

Forsythe, Mrs. Wm 102 

Fortney, Lura 136 

Fortney, Sadie A 134, 184 

Fortney, Stella 184 

Fosbinder, Cora 89. 90 

Foster, Mrs. Albert (See Leila Rorick). 

Foster, Mrs. J. Ellen 64, 119 

Fox, Alice 88. 140 

Fox, Bertha 58 

Fox, Mrs. W. R. (See Nettie Van Wert). 

Frankenburger, Mrs. D. B 162 

Frankish. Ellen H, 59, 60, 80, 81, 140, 
147, 190, 196 202 



262 



HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



Fraser, Etta 205 

Frazier, Sebena 88, 174 

Frazier, Zoe 90, 174 

Freedman, Bertha H 86 

Freedman, Elsa 86, 122, 123, 124 

Freedman, Jessica 86 

French, Florence 84, 89, 135 

French, Mildred 59, 60, 84, 136 

French, Mrs. Thomas 137 

Frost, .Charlotte B I 152, 206 

Froula, Mrs. V. K. (See Eva Barker). 

Fuller, Nettie Lou 129, 130 

Fulton, Mrs 176 

Fulton, Roberta 88, 176, 177 

Fulton, Mrs. Wilson (See Elizabeth Mc- 
Kinney.) 



Galbraith, Anne 173 

Galbraith, Emma W 116 

Gallison, Grace B, 21, 27, 28, 100, 114, 

116, 202 

Gamble, Elizabeth 100, 101, 102, 103 

Gardiner, Cara Leslie 171 

Gardner, Bertha Lee, 25, 28, 36, 56, 57, 

58, 59, 60, 61, 67, 111, 114 205 

Garman, Sue 158, 189, 206 

Garrett, Mrs 149 

Garten, Blanche 101 

Gates, Mrs. T. C. (See Viola Eldridge.) 

Gay, E. Loraine 81, 82, 86, 124 

Gehring, Mrs. Anton (See Fannie Rock- 
well). 

George, Blanche 77, 86, 123 

George, Florence 86 

Gerhart, Mrs. W. L 172 

Gibbons, Bertha 89 

Gibbs, Elizabeth, 57, 58, 59, 60, 80, 81, 
95, 129, 130, 145, 162, 165, 185, 196, 202 

Gibbs, Hazel 88 

Gifford, Dora 118 

Gilbert, Alma 89 

Gilbert, Luma 125 

Gilbert, Pearla 56, 77 

Gilchrist, Annie T. .85, 87, 115. 116. 205 
Ginter, Mrs. G. A. (See Edna Cunning- 
ham.) 

Glancy, Laura R 90, 180, 181 

Goddard, Jessica 81, 86 

Goddard, Nelle 172, 173 

Good, Florence 135 

Goodale, Grace 82, 84, 89, 136 

Gorrell, Emilie 85 

Gould, Edna 64, 88, 143 

Granger, Edith 90, 170, 171 

Graver, Fannie L 88 

Gray, Mrs. W. T. (See Lavina Perin.) 
Green. Mrs D. F. (See Charlotte Benja- 
min). 

Greene, Helen 166, 167 

Greene, Marion 89 

Gregory, Beulah 89 

Greie, Janet, 57, 58, 59, 60, 77, 78, 85, 

122 125 

Griswold, Margaret 153, 206 

Groves, Louise H 123 

Giiarch. Pepita 89 

Gund, Edna 96. 190 

Gustafson, Mrs. A. (See Tessica Goddard). 
Guy, Grace 89, 166 

H 

Hadley, May 154 

Hagartv, Mary Alice 88, 116 

Hair, Anna , 36 

Hair, Mrs. Mary Murray 36, 149 

Haley. Marv 176, 177 

Hall, Mrs. Damon (See Isabel Leighton.) 
Hall, Emily A 59, 67, 88, 94 



Hamilton, Mrs. (See Abbie Wakefield). 
Hamilton, Mrs. Geo. (See Mable Terry). 

Hamilton, Mable T 130 

Hamilton, Ruth 136 

Hammack, Eleanor 60, 75, 167, 189 

Hammond, Mrs. J. J. (See Maude Claw- 
son.) 

Hampton, Lucile 81, 124, 125 

Handy, Helen 155, 150 

Handy, Rena 85, 88, 155, 156 

Hannahs, Edith . . .*. 89 

Harding, Delia 83, 139, 140 

Hardy, Mrs. Guy (See Norma Wertman). 

Harriman, Donna May 83, 129, 130 

Harris, Grace 156 

Harris, Mrs. Roland (See Clara Moore). 
Harrison, E Anna, 54, 68, 165, 166, 178, 

197 202 

Harrison, Mary H 139 

Harrison, Mary W 94 

Hart, Bessie 89 

Hart, Mrs. (See Rogerta Dickinson.) 

Hartley, Mayme 147 

Hartman, Mrs. R. (See Clara Stnlman). 
Hass, Mrs. B. G. (See Harriet Averill). 

Hatfield, Olive H 152, 208 

Hath way, Mrs. (See Charlotte Seabury.) 

Haun, Gertrude 116 

Hayes, Mrs. A. S. (See Sara Bartlett.) 

Hazlett, Maude 60, 188 

Healy, Ruth 123 

Heaton, Persis 188 

Heckles, Edna 89, 132, 205 

Hedendahl, Leonora 86, 188 

Heinmiller, Ida , 89 

Heldmeyer, Florence 189 

Heller, Daisy 89 

Hendee, Helen 140, 187 

Herrick, Ethel 60, 95, 189 

Herrick, Mrs. L. R. (See Mildred French) 

Hickox, Grace 156 

Hillman. Eva 82 

Hilty. Josephine 149 

Hinman, Blanche 77, 207 

Hitchcock, Alice 89 

Hitchcock, Eva A 80, 131 

Hobart, Martha N 205 

Hobbins, Grace 88, 163, 164 

Hobbins, Mrs. J. W 162 

Hobson, Sarah 27 

Hoch, Anna 85, 150, 151 

Hoch, Gov. E. W 150 

Hoch. Mrs. Homer (See Edna Wharton). 

Hocking, Kate 164 

Hodge, Mrs. Chas. (See Elizabeth Rob- 
inson). 
Hoffman, Anna, 60, 62, 165, 166, 167, 

178 206 

Hoffman, Mrs. C. H. (See Sara Paine). 

Hoffman. Grace 77, 122, 124, 125 

Hoge, Mildred 89 

Holcomb, Jobelle 108 

Hollis, Anna J 89, 159, 186. 187 

Holmes, Louise 84, 85 

Holway, Mrs. C. P. (See Margaret Em- 
merson). 

Holyoke, Mrs. Dr 147 

Holzwarth, Mrs. Frank 89, 160 

Holzwarth. Mary 89 

Honould, Mrs. (See Dora Gifford.) 

Hood, Jessie 89, 90 

Hoone. Maude M 81 

Hopkins, Bertha 158 

Hopkins, Clara B 59, 129, 130, 185 

Hopkins, Edith 158 

Houlton, Alice 141 

Howard, Mrs. A. G. (See Christine Jans- 
son). 

Howard, Florence Gertrude 167 

Howard. Nina F 10O 

Howe, Mrs. Fred (See Eva Tamblyn). 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



263 



Howe, Maude 57, 58, 59, 67 

Howe, Winifred 59, 115, 205 

Hubbard, Ruth 84 

Hulburd Annabel 80 

Hulett, Sarah 89, 132 

Hull, Mrs. (See Katherine Spahr.) 

Hulley, Dr. Lincoln 172 

Hulton, Florence 178, 179 

Hulton, Mrs. Orson A 178 

Humphreys, Jeanette Rose 180, 181 

Hunsicker, Lillie 58, 59, 96, 150, 151 

Hunt, Lucy 59, 82 

Huntington, Mrs. Dean 27, 114 

Hurley, Mrs. T. B. (See Abbie Casey.) 

Hutton, Annabel 164 

Hyde, Adelaide 129 

Hyzer, Alice 140 

I 

Imboden, Blanche " 89, 150 

Tngersoll, Nannie 123 

Ingersoll, Ola 184 

Ingersoll, Patsie 76, 77, 120 

Ireland, Jessie 136 

Irwin, Mrs. W. A. (See Nannie Inger- 

soll.) 
Ives, Mary S 57, 149 



i ackson, Bertha C 80, 159 
ackson, Florence M 130, 131, 137 
ackson, Minnie C 57, 61, 94 
ackson, Mrs. W. N. (See Minnie Long). 

Tacobsen, Effie 142, 206 

James, Florence 157 

Tamieson, Grace 156 

Jansson, Christine E., 25, 56, 74. 82, 83, 

88; 89, 91, 114, 115, 116, 117, 137, 

198, 202 205 

Jay, Minnie 119 

Jeffries, Mrs. B. (See Alice Silliman). 

Johnson, Clara B 84, 85, 94, 159, 186 

Johnson, Edith 63, 85, 140 

Johnson, Elizabeth 138, 139, 140, 207 

Johnson, Estelle 125, 183 

Johnson, Frances 96, 164 

Johnson, Leslie Christine 177 

Johnson, Louise Hamblin 167 

Johnson, Loulie May 95, 177, 178 

Johnson, Mrs 176 

Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Parley 78 

Johnson, Rose 62, 160. 161 

Tohnson, Sarah Le Maistre, 61, 83, 84, 

101, 165, 166, 168 169 

Tohnston, Eleanor 154 

Johnston, Helena 90 

Johnston, Katherine Courtenay. . . .61, 68, 

73, 74, 75, 167, 189, 197 202 

Tohnston, Louise 60, 74. 84, 188 

Johnston, Lyla L. L 85, 87, 89, 161 

Tones, Augusta 176 

Jones, Dr 176 

Jones, Eva 57, 137, 186 

Tones, Grace 136 

Tones, Mrs 176 

Tones, S. Elizabeth 151 

Jordan, Lulu Maude 129, 130 

Joslin. Charlotte E, 21, 24, 27, 30, 56, 

57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 67, 70, 78, 79, 

80. 81, 100, 114, 115, 182, 196, 198. 

202 205 

Toslyn, Mary 138, 139, 140 

Joyce, Mary 189 

K 

Karsner, Mrs. Charles W 178 

Karsner, Eleanor Fulton 63, 178 

Kastman, Valborg 85, 90, 174 

Kaylor, Winnie 132 



Keator, Mrs. F. E. (See Grace Goodale). 

Keeler, Pearlie 137 

Keene, Faye 153, 206 

Keene, Jessie 62 

Kellerman, Ivy, 59, 60, 63, 68, 81, 83, 

100, 157, 158, 197, 202 206 

Kellerman, Prof 157 

Kelley, Mrs. (See Sallie Page.) 

Kellogg, Anna J 151, 152, 153, 185 

Kellogg, Cora E 196 

Kemp, Harriet 82, 96, 150, 151 

Kemp, Mrs. J. E. (See Pauline King). 

Kempf, Helen 94, 144 

Kennedy, Ida Blanche 140 

Kern, Katrina 180 

Kerr, Mrs. R (See Josephine Alexander.) 

Keyes, Alice 89 

Kilburn, Florence M 116 

Kimble, Mrs. T. C 102 

Kimmons, Emma Kate 176, 177 

King, Daisy 165 

King, Mrs. E. T. (See Mav Roberts). 
King, Mrs. H. 1^. (See Bessie Chollar). 
King, Pauline Harris, 60, 86, 122, 123 

124 125 

Kingslev. Agnes 89, 161 

Kinnev, Edith 86, 89 

Kinney, Emma 58, 128, 133, 134, 184 

Kirby, Lydia A 178 

Kirk, Lida V 60, 165 

Klampe, Lela, 58, 61, 62, 68, 81, 82, 

83, 142, 197 202 

Knowles. Edith E 25, 26, 114, 205 

Koch, Katherine 60 

Koehler, Sophia M 61, 190 

Kolbe, Evelyn D 88, 180 

Krape, Bessie 101 

Kr.uger, Mrs. (See May Roddis.) 
Kuger, Mrs. T. (See Julia Closterman.) 
Kurt, Mrs. F. (See Sarah B. Tucker). 

L 

Lacey, Mrs. Ellen Eastman 154 

Lackey, Lena 129 

Lakin, Maude 208 

Lambdin, Lucy, 74, 82, 92, 134, 135, 

137, 184 206 

Lambert, Bertha 95, 129, 130 

Lane. Sappho 126 

Lanphear, Lillian, 86, 88, 122, 123, 

124 125 

Latimer, Lillian 123, 125 

Latta, Mary Luella 136, 190 

Latibach, Mrs. Roscoe (See Mary A. Mc- 
Kay). 

Lauer, Hazel 86 

Laurson, Almedia, 57, 59, 60, 77, 86, 87, 

122, 141, 196 202 

Lawrence. Helen 156 

Lawler, Florence 136, 137 157, 184 

Lawson, Blanche 80 

Layman Margaret, 134, 135, 137. 205 

Leach, Bessie M, 53, 56, 57. 58, 60, 61, 
64, 74, 76, 77, 78, 82, 88, 91, 128, 

129, 130, 144. 157, 185, 196, 197 202 

Leach, Irmagarde 89 

Leach, Marion D 116 

Leathers, Mrs. Walter (See Ola Price). 

Le Daum, Mrs. Henry 174 

Lee, Adele 94, 138, 140, 187 

Lee, Dorothy 77 

Lee, Florence 78 

Lee, Irene 137, 138, 140, 206 

Le°. Rev. Chas 88 

Leib. Mrs. Robert 102, 103 

Leighton, Isabel 82 

Lentz, Alice 157 

Lentz, Marv G 166. 167 

Leonard, Abbie Katherine, 138, 139, 140 
187, 206 



264 



HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



Lescher. Olive Gertrude 85, 123, 124 

Lewis, Alice 85, 89 

Lewis, Irene 89, 187 

Libbey, Laura 207 

Lilley, Annie 188 

Linn, Lulu 118 

Linn, Mary 119 

Little, Frances 139, 140 

Livermore, Mrs. Mary A 21 

Lockman, Jessie 62 

Long, Bessie 157 

~ong, Minnie 56 

Losey, Mrs. F 160 

Lovell, Edith". 83, 116 

Lovejoy, Mrs. A. B. (bee Carrie Cottrell) 

Low, Isabel 155, 207 

Lowe, Mrs. Leo H. (See Isabel Bowen). 

Loxley, Leonore 144 

Luce, Elizabeth 141, 142 

Luchsinger, Ida 90, 172, 173 

Lucia, Emily 81, 139, 140, 159 

Luetscher, Mrs. J. A. (See Elizabeth 

Tumbleson) 
Lumrj, Katherine 85, 148, 190, 206 

M 

Mackelfresh, Sue 135, 136, 206 

Mackintosh, Ethel » 161 

Mac Lellan, Viola M 

Mac Neil, Hattie Clipton, 21, 27, 28, 29, 

113, 117, 5!03 

Macomber, Winifred 163 

Madden, Ethel 89 

Mahan, Mrs. Chas. (See Amy Mclntire). 

Maine, Hope, 155 

Mallalieu, Alice 165 

Malley, Minnie 1^6 

Maltby, Mae 159 

Manahan, Minnie 82 

Mandel, Mrs. A. V. (See Bertha H. 

Freedman). 
Mann, Mrs. Arthur S. (See Eleanor D. 

Pond). 
Mann. Mrs. (See Bertha Lambert). 

Manning, Charlotte 153 

March, Lola 89 

Markham, Mrs. C. G 149 

Markham, Dora C, 58, 96, 149, 150, 

196, 203 

Marpe, Carrie 134 

Marr, Lillian G 59 

Marsh, Mrs. Alden .78 

Marsh, Alta 59, 77, 86, 92, 120, 183 

Marsh, Mrs. G. A 103 

Marsh, Mrs. Leroy 78 

Marsh, Ruth 175 

Marshall, Grace 84, 184 

Martin, Mable 88, 150 

Martin, Mrs. W. H. (See Sarah Ida 

Shaw). 

Mason, Carrie 94 

Massey, Zeta 95, 155 

Mastin, Florence J 63 

Matson, Mrs. (See Ethel Bignell). 

Matteson, Mrs. Asa 78 

Matteson, Mr. and Mrs. Frank 78 

Matteson, Mr. and Ms. Fred 78 

Matteson, Grace 78, 183 

Matthews, Edna 86 

Maxwell, Douglas 176. 177 

May, Mrs. Chas. (See Blanche Aldrich). 

Maybee, Meta P 99 

McAfee, Mrs. J. R. (See Erne Dan- 

forth). 
Mc Candless, Mrs. G. T. (See Loraine 

Gay). 

McCart, Catherine . 173 

McCaskie, Carrie 85, 172. 173 



McCaskie, Florence 172 

McCausland, Carrie 118 

McChesney, Mrs (See Ola Ingersoll). 

McCool, Nellie 77, 86 

McCormick, Helen 132 

McCormick, Rose 128, 207 

McCurdy, Mary Macafee 178, 179 

McCurdy, Mrs. R. M 178 

McClintock, Mrs. J. H. (See Dorothy 

Bacon). 

McClure, Eleanor 40, 88 

McClure, S. S 40 

McDaniel, Ida 151 

McDaniel. Stella 88 

McDermid, Kate 142, 206, 207 

McDonald, Ida 61 

McElroy, Mrs. J. H 103 

McElroy, Madge, 59, 82, 83, 138, 139, 140 

McFarland, Jessie 86, 172 

McGinnis, Margaret ' 88 

McGraw, Hazel 85, 169 

McGregor, Nan 84, 89 

McGrew, Mary Edith 168, 169, 200 

McGrew. Ruth 62, 168, 169 

Mcintosh, Maude 123 

Mclntyre, Amy 62 

McKay, Mary A. 82, 88, 151, 152, 185, 

196, 203 206 

McKenzie, Meridie 61, 89, 90 

McKinney, Elizabeth 86 

McLain, Mrs. (See Onita Elliott). 

McLaughlin, Blanche 86, 123, 125 

McLaughlin, Lillian 86, 123, 188 

McManiman, Mrs. R. E. (See Mable 

Crum). 
Mead, Mrs. B. M. (See Lenna Short). 

Meeks, Cornelia A 58, 152, 206 

Meeks, Grace L 63, 172, 173 

Merrick, Elizabeth G 180 

Merrihew, Maud 85 

Merrill, Helen 116 

Merritt, Edith 174 

Merritt, Mable 174 

Metcalf, Anne 60, 155, 207 

Metcalf, Bertha 208 

Metcalf, Terresa 81, 155, 156. 207 

Metz, Mrs. Percy (See Mamie Miller.) 

Middleton, Anna 96, 164 

Middleton, Lida 96. 164 

Milburn, Mrs. John (See Leonora Hed- 

dendahl). 
Milchrist. Eleanor. . .77, 120, 122, 125, 154 

Millen, Gladys 88, 132 

Milne, Tessie 128, 184 

Miller, Lena Adele 170, 171 

Miller, Mamie 96, 190 

Miller, May 101 

Mills, Alice A 60, 61 

Mills, Helen 157, 189 

Mills, Lela 89 

Mills, Maud 140 

Minium, R"t'i 155 

Mitchell, Clara 89 

Montgomery. Mrs. A. T. (See Almar- 

ene Osborne). 

Moore, Clara E 63, 89 

Moore, Mrs. Eleanor Love 168 

Moore, Mrs. Robert (See Eleanor Von 

Bodenstedt). 

Morden, Mary M 88, 129, 185 

Morgan, Clara 133 

Morsran. Mrs. (S<*e Norma P. Round). 
Morlev, Mrs. J. P. (See Hattie Berry). 

Morris, Winifred 119, 207 

Morrison, Estella 80 

Morrow. Maude S 177, 178 

Morse. Mrs. H. C. (See Nellie Wolf). 

Morton. Olivia M 126 

Mott, Mary 74, 87, 89 

Muir. Anita 146 

Mullins, Nellie J 180 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



265 



Mul vane, Daisy 128 

Munster, Bertha 86 

Murdoch, Alta 124 

Murray, Margaret J 79, 130 

Murray, Mary 207 

Mutch, Helen 89 

Muzzy, Maude E, 25, 28, 29, 58, 114, 

117", 151 205 

Myers, Mrs. Isadore (See Jessica Freed- 

man). 
Myers, Julia 95, 185 

N 

Nash, Edith 95, 129, 130 

Neall, Emma V 179 

Needham, Martha 139, 140 

Neil, Grace 89 

Nelson, Jessie ....162, 163, 164, 189 

Nelson, Mable 207 

Newell, Eleanor 84, 153, 185 

Newell, Maude S 63, 85 

Newland, Lillian 188 

Newman, Esther 86 

Newton, Fay 142, 207 

Nichol, Gertrude 81, 157 

Nichols, Ethel Gay 174, 175, 207 

Nickerson, Marion 117 

Nieman, Flora 136 

Noon, Edith 53, 76, 99 

Norris, Katherine Marion, 21, 27, 28, '29, 

58 113 203 . .205 

Norton, Mrs. Laura H,'. '.i'o'o','i6i,' 102, 103 
Nye, Caroline 13, 138 

o 

O'Dell, Florence 175, 207 

Ogden, Evelyn 77 

Olds, Alice 68, 82, 143 

Olgen, Amy H, 26, 61, 62, 63, 64, 83, 
86, 87, 88, 90, 91, 95, 102, 103, 104, 

106, 109, 155, 156, 184, 197, 203 207 

Olson, Irene, 85, 88, 96, 122, 123, 125, 

176, 197, 203 

Olney, Persis 116 

Oneil, Florence 88 

Orsborne, Almarene 57, 94, 144 

Otto, Anna 89 

Owen, Mrs. Ray (See Theo. B. Pickford) 

P 

Packard, Mrs. H. P (See Frances Bay- 
ley). 

Paddock, Jessie 154 

Paddock, Mary 75, 94, 139, 144 

Page, Bertha 185 

Page, Carrie 118 

Page, Sallie 207 

Paine, Sara 174 

Palmer, Ethel 143 

Palmer, Jeanette 86 

Palmer, Margaret 85 

Palmer, Mrs. O L. (See Elizabeth 
Gibbs). 

Palmer, Walter B 97 

Pardee, May 88 

Parker, Belle 86 

Parkin, Mrs. H. A. (See Edna Rex). 

Parkinson, Mrs. T. B 162 

Parmelee, Mrs. E. N. (See Amy Olgen). 

Parrot, Annette 118, 119 

Parry, Alberta 89 

Parry, Mr. and Mrs. Ed 78 

Parry, Eva 116 

Parsons, Sadie 130. 207 

Partridge, Mabel 113. 114. 203. 205 

Patch, Edith M 59, 60, 64, 96, 142, 143. 

; 207 

Patterson, Mrs. Margaret J 100 



Patterson, Violet 168 

Paul, Clara F 132 

Payne, Mrs. Walter (See Jessie Milne). 
Peabody, Mrs. H. E. (See Emily S Clough) 
Pearson, Mrs. P. M. (See Edna Wolf). 

Peck, Elizabeth 61, 152, 206 

Peck, Ethel 89 

Peck, Ruby ■ 189 

Peckover, Sarah, 75, 115, 116, 117, 205 

Penfield, Mrs. E. Jean N 101, 102 

Penfield Priscilla 116 

Pennypacker, Reba 89 

Perkins, Alice 85 

Perkins, Ethel 84 

Perin, Lavina 134, 136, 157 

Perrin, Genevieve 86 

Perrin, Mrs. Geo 78 

Perry, Alberta 59, 60, 159, 186 

Perry, Anna H 60, 85 

Perry, Gertrude 140 

Peters, Mrs. (See Frances Bierman.) 
Peterson, Mrs. H. (See Eola Auld.) 

Pfisterer, Clara 95, 162, 164 

Phillips, Ann 178 

Phillips, Mrs. F. E. (See Alta Marsh). 

Phillips, Mrs. W. E 121 

Phillips, Mrs. L. B. (See Daisy Boone. 

Phipps, Edith 189 

Pickford, Merle, 60, 61, 86, 88, 90, 91, 

163, 164, 197, 203 806 

Pickford, Theo 86, 88, 163, 189, 206 

Picton, Lida M 180 

Pierce, Mrs. C. E. (See Marion Norris). 

Pimm, Margaret 88 

Place, Mrs. P. 89 

Place, Sadie 163, 164 

Plant, Daisy 176,177 

Plattenburg, Clara 86 

Plummer, Lydia M 57, 81, 141, 142, 206 

Pocock, Mrs. (See Lucy Hunt). 

Poage, Anna 128 

Pollock, Gertrude 89 

Pond, Eleanor Dorcas.. 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 

26, 27, 28, 29, 36, 56, 57, 89, 90, 113, 

116, 117, 183, 196 203 

Pope, Eliza P 208 

Porter, Anna L 128, 130 

Porterfield, Alice 88, 90, 169 

Post, Elizabeth, 171 

Post, Katherine 171 

Post, Mrs. P. S. (See Janet Greisr). 

Postlewaite, Mable 156 

Potter, Vera 58, 59 

Powell, Caroline A 184 

Powell, Tosephine R 144 

Powers, Agnes, 57, 58, 59, 60. 81, 82, 

83, 95, 134, 136, 145, 184, 189, 190, 203 

Powers, Myra 86, 196, 198, 204 

Powers, Pearl 190 

Poynter, Gov 147 

Pratt, Prof 78 

Preston, Julia 85, 89, 132 

Price, Mildred 174, 175, 207 

Price, Ola 85, 176 

Priddy, Mrs. F. E. (See Bessie M. Leach). 

Priest, Janet 59, 143, 170 

Pruitt, Temima 169 

Pruitt, Joanna 63 

Purdue, Mrs. A. H 102 

Putnam, Mary 207 

Q 

Ouint, Violet N 126, 207 

R 

P->ndall, Jennie 207 

Rapp. Katherine Louise 63, 171 

Ratcliff, Ethel, 169 

Ratcliff, Evelyn Marianna. . .167, 168, 206 



266 



HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



Ratterman, Katherine, 63, 64, 85, 135, 

136, 182, 197, 198, 204 206 

Ratton, Georgia 169 

Rawalt, Ethel 86, 123 

Rawalt, Maude , 86 

Ray, Mary L 63 

Raymond, Marie 81, 86, 95, 123 

Rea, Mary Lou.! 176, 177 

Rearick, Mrs. Allan C. (See Ethel Rawalt) 

Reeb, Margaret 82, 189 

Redfield, Ethel lone.. 83, 86, 163, 164, 189 

Reed, Agnes 159 

Reed, Bertha 99 

Reed, Georgiana 59, 149, 151 

Rees, Edith 158, 159, 206 

Reichman, Alvena 144, 208 

Reichman, Charlotte 144 

Reid, Louise 168 

Rex, Edna ', 125 

Reynolds, Bertha 89 

Reynolds, Ethel G " 153 

Reynolds, Winifred 89, 161 

Rhodes, Mrs. J. E. (See Louise Robin- 
son). 

Rhonemus, Fronia 128 

Rich, Alice E 21, 27, 28, 29, 113, 204 

Rich, Mary F 67 

Richards, Lillian 162 

Richards, Olive 173 

Richardson, Emma 57 

Richardson, Mrs. (See Fern Abbot). 
Richardson, Rhoda Emma. 80, 131, 205, 207 

Rife, Mildred 68, 166 

Riley, Estelle, 84, 135, 136, 137, 184, 205 

Riley, Mrs 76 

Robbins, Alma 119 

Robbins, Ina 85 

Robbins, Mrs. Vernon 172 

Roberts, Cora Ruth 158 

Roberts, Lucy, 89, 124 

Roberts, May 77, 86 

Robertson, Mrs. (See Bertha Page). 

Robinson, Amelia Maud 170 

Robinson, Bertha fll 

Robinson, Elizabeth 89 

Robinson, Gertrude M 82, 83, 84. 132 

Robinson, Louise, 57, 61, 68, 84, &5, 

87, 141, 142, 143, 197, 198 204 

Robinson, Mildred 187 

Rockwell, Fannie 82, 157, 189 

Roddis, L May 126, 127 

Roehle, Estelle 89, 165, 178 

Rogers, Blanche 176, 177 

Rogers, Callie 119 

Rogers, Elizabeth 94, 152, 153, 185 

Rorick, Eva M 128, 129, 144 

Rorick, Leila M 129, 130 

Rose, Ernestine 153 

Round, Norma 165, 166, 167 

Russell, Mrs. Bertram (See Alice Dyar). 

s 

Sain, Lydia 58, 81, 150 

Sanborn, Mrs. J. B. (See Gertrude 
Srillman). 

Sanders, Isabella 155 

Santon, Addie R 67, 80 

Sawyer, Helen 88. 132 

Sawyer, Mrs. S. G. (See Carrie Jack- 
son). 

Sayre, Susie 1 25, 114, 205 

Scatterday, Adelia 88, 158 

Schaufelberger, Mrs. Ed (See Lillian 
Latimer). 

Scheusler, Matilda 208 

Schnessler, Helena 170 

Schwartz, Amy J 135, 136 

Scott. Rose G 56. 63, 125, 187 

Scranton, Mrs. E. E. (See Corinne Carter.) 
Seabury, Charlotte 84, 208 



Seacord, Marie 86. 122, 123, 125 

Seaman, May 135 

Searles, Lucy Osborne, 57, 58, 59, 63, 

85, 152, 153, 185, 197, 204 206 

Seaver, Blanche E, 25, 28, 29, 99, 114, 

115 205 

Seguine, Laura R 170, 187 

Seymour, Lucretia 62, 89 

Shackford, Isabella 180, 181 

Shaffer, Iola 136 

Shaffer, Lucy 89 

Shaw, Sarah Ida, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 

26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 66, 57, 70, 74, 76, 

80, 82, 113, 115. 116, 117, 120, 131, 

141, 151, 157, 159, 182, 196 204 

Shelley, Lucile 80, 144 

Shelley, Sarah Ellen 170, 187 

Shelton, Mrs. Chas Eldred 118 

Shephard, Anna 139 

Shepherd, Eva 176 

Sheppard, Margaret 103 

Shelbourne, Annie Laurie, 62, 84, 94, 

137, 138, 139, 140, 159, 186, 196, 204, 

206 

Shinn, Josephine 129, 130 

Shorkley, Ruth 90 

Short, Lenna B 123 

Shreeves, Mary 85 

Shurtz, Olive 157, 189 

Siegler, Lillian 41, 82, 86, 96 

Siller, Mable 101 

Silliman, Alice 174 

Simmons, Gertrude 124 

Simonds, Dr. W. E 78 

Simpson, Mrs. T. C... 121 

Simpson, Mrs. M. L. (See Edith Smith). 

Sinclair, Virginia 101 

Sisson, Frances 77, 86, 120 

Skiles, Blanche 82, 189 

Skiles, Zanta 82 

Sleman, Emily F 166, 206 

Smith, Celia Mary 129 

Smith, Edith 137, 187 

Smith, Flora M 25, 58, 114, 205 

Smith, Greta 1*3 

jmith, Mrs. Herbert A. (See Genevieve 
Perrin). 

Smith, Jeanette 189 

Smith, Margaret 99 

Smith, Mary Chadburne, 36, 57, 141, 

142, 206 

Smith, Maude 90, 174 

Smith, Percy J 59 

Smith, Spencer R 64 

Snead, Tanet Sue 180, 181 

Snell, Lila 155 

Sorgel, Ruth 136 

Southworth, May 90, 94 

Southworth, Maude 159, 161 

Soule, Mrs. A. Y. (See Grace Atwater). 
Spafford, Mattie E, 57, 79, 94, 137, 138 

139 

Spahr, Katherine, 59, 91, 92. 94, 129, 130 
Spear, Mrs. Alden H. (See Marion Ford). 

Speer, Eva 126, 127 

Spier, Mrs. (See Evelvn Allen). 
Spencer, Carolvn, 61, 82. 83, 87, 88, 91, 

160, 170, 172, 180, 197, 204 

Spencer, Claire _ 174 

Spencer, Phronia 207 

Spencer, Esther 89 

Spies, Estella 122, 123, 124 

Spitler, Alice 62 

Staat, Lena 77, 81 

Staat, Nellie 77, 207 

Stahn, Louise C, 60, 73, 74, 75, 165, 166 

Stall wood. Bessie 89 

Stanley, Mrs. Harry (See Blanche Im- 

boden). 

Starr, Evelyn E 126. 127, 207 

Staver, Mrs. W. H. (See Edith Farrell). 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



267 



Stearns, Mrs. Arthur (See Mary VVert- 

man). 

Stearns, Jean 81, 85, 185 

Stegner, Mrs. (See Adele Bentley). 

Steele, Lavinia 148, 174 

Stein, Helen 85, 89, 135, 137, 206 

Stene, Isabel 85, 142 

Stephens, Alif 172, 173 

Sterling, Harriet 198 

Stevens, Elizabeth C 152, 185 

Stevens, Lill M 88, 190 

Stevens, Mrs. Lottie A. W, 21, 27, 29, 

113, 127 204 

Stevenson, May, 81, 86, 95, 122, 123 

124 197 

Stewart, Florence I, 21, 24, 27, 28, 29, 

113, 196 204 

Stiles, Bertha 56 

Stiles, Molly 89 

Stiles, Notly 89 

Stillman, Clara 82, 84, 163, 197, 204 

Stillman, Gertrude, 68, 84, 95, 162, 163, 

189 206 

Stillwell, Myrtle 130, 184 

Stinard, Bessie 88, 159 

Stocking, Elizabeth C 152 

Stoll, Blanche D 82, 86, 124 

Stone, Mrs. Albert (See Elsa Ertle). 

Stone, Alma D 116 

Stone, Harriet E. 81, 82, 95, 122, 124, 

125, 145, 196, 204 207 

Stone, Martha, 77, 120, 122, 124, 183, 188 
Strickler, Mrs. J. (See Bertha Metcalf). 

Strode, Mildred 180 

Suber, Georgia 189 

Sudds, Kate L 61, 94 

Summer, Caroline 80, 94 

Swanson, Mrs. S. T. (See Jessie Nelson.) 

Swann, Hazel 95 

Swann, Zola 96, 150 

Sweet, Mrs. Sidney S. (See Sallie Fisher). 

Sweeting, Jane 89 

Swett, Mrs. (See Olive Hatfield). 

Swift, Edna 88 

Swigert, Harriet 86 

Sykes, Clara Frances 153, 206 



Talbot, Abigail 171 

Tamblyn, Eva 123 

Tanner, Carrie V 56, 205 

Tanner, J Mack 78 

Tanner, Mrs. J. Mack (See Patsie In- 

gersoll.) 
Tarleton, Mrs. R. D. (See Annette Par- 
rott). 

Taylor, Austiana 99 

Taylor, Sarah Vore 146, 148 

Telling, Grace 102 

Tennant, Mrs. Richard 102, 103, 104 

Terry, Etta lone 205 

Terry, Mable 159 

Terry, Minnie Ruth 100, 101, 102 

Thalheimer, Ethel 186 

Thayer, Emily L 84, 208 

Thomas, Edith 142, 143, 207, 208 

Thomas, Lillian Daisy 155, 156, 188 

Thomas, Nelle 172, 173 

Thomas, Mrs. Percy E. (See Anne Met- 
calf). 
Thompson, Alma, 74, 85, 89, 96, 122, 

123, 124, 125 

Thompson, Faith 178 

Thompson, Mrs. G. W 121 

Thompson, Mrs. King (See Ethel Herrick). 
Thompson, Lillian, 82, 100, 101, 102, 103 

Thompson, Minnie 118 

Thompson, Zena D 94, 144 

Thome, Evelyn 150 



Thrall, Josefa 59, 82, 95, 158 

Timbrell, Ethelberta 159 

Titus, Mrs. Louis 168 

Tobias, Ella F, 57, 83, 94, 129, 130, 

184, 185, 187 

Todd, Edna t 74 

Todd, Junia 96 

Totten, Mrs. Frank (See Flora Waterman.) 

Towle, Phebe 14G 

Trask, Gertrude King, 86, 122, 123, 124 

125 

Traver, Mrs, A. H. (See Bertha Gibbons). 

Travis, Helen S 88 

Tredwell, Elizabeth A. S 39, 88, 171 

Trueblooa, Estelle 86, 96, 118, 119, 

196, 204 

Trueblood, Minora 119 

Trumble, Matie 56, 111, 128 

Tubbs, Lelah 124 

Tucker, Bertha 153 

Tucker, Mary A 83, 136 

Tucker, Sarah Bertha. .152, 185, 197, 205 
Tumbleson. Elizabeth, 49, 59, 62, 63, 82, 
83, 85, 87, 165, 166, 170, 172, 176, 

178, 180, 182, 197 205 

Tunnicliff, Mrs. G. D. (See Blanche 

George). 
Tunnicliff, Mrs. J. J. (See Blanche Mc- 
Laughlin). 
Turner, Emma H 99 

u 

Updyke, Alyda 89 

Upham 58, 94 



Vanderhoff, Edna A 62 

Vandevere, Alma 86, 148, 190, 206 

Van Wert, Nettie 129- 

Vaughn, Vena 207 

Ver Mehr, Mrs. (See Irene Lee). 

Vinson, Nina May 131 

Von Bodenstedt E Eleanor 62, 143 

Von Grotenhuis, Mrs. Louise v .154 

Von Mansfelde Belie 149 

Von Mansfelde Dr 146 

Vcn Mansfelde Duty 146- 

Von Mansfelde Tohanna 146 

Vore, Anna L. T. 59, 146, 147, 148, 

197, 205, 206 

Vore, Sarah T 206 

Vose, lone,.. 86, 122, 123, 124, 125 

Vose, Marion 86, 89, 123, 124 

w 

Wade, Henrietta 169- 

Waite, Mrs. Charles (See Gertrude Ferris) 
Waite, Edith, 58, 74, 80, 131, 132, 159. 

196 205 

Waite, Marion 89, 161 

Wakefield, Abbie 185, 207 

Walbridge, Isabella 81, 94, 185 

Wallace, Mrs. E. E. (See Sara L. John- 
son). 

Wallace, Lena 89" 

Walraith, Stella 89, 161 

Walters, Nellie M 144 

Walton, Edna 8» 

Walton, Mrs. Hugh (See Maude Rawalt) 

Walton, Ina 88, 90, 135, 137 

Ward, Ruth 94 

Waring, Anna T 170, 187 

Wasson, Mrs. James (See Alta Murdoch) 

Waterman, Mable 129, 130 

Waterman, Mary 129" 

Watrous, Adelaide 154 

Watson, Frances 154, 18* 

Watson, Mrs. Hugh H. (See Mary Jos- 
lyn). 



268 



HISTORY OF DELTA DELTA DELTA. 



Watson, Mrs. J. O. (See Fannie Clark). 

Watson, Lorena 181 

Watson, Lottie 154, 184 

Watson, Mrs. Robert (See Bess Wolff). 

Watts, Vivien 158 

Weaver, Mima, 62, 83, 84, 158, 189, 206 

Weber, Anna 7 60 

Weddle, Mary 88, 173 

Weeks, Mrs. C. W 174 

Weeks, Frances 152, 185 

Weir, Mr 78 

Werts, Harriett E 62, 170, 187 

Wertman, Mary 86, 124 

Wertman, Norma 86, 96 

Wertman, Ora 86 

West, Mrs. Earl (See Lena Lackey.) 
West, Mrs. Ethel (See Ethel Egan). 

Westenhaver, Adda 162, 198 

Wharton, Edna, 62, 77, 83, 84, 150, 

151, 197, 198 205 

Wheeler, Adelaide 62, 89 

Wheeler, Camille 62, 63, 116 

Wheeler, Cleora 102 

Wheeler, Mrs. (See Martha White). 

Whitcomb, Pauline 119 

White, Gertrude 83, 84 

White, Mrs. (See Mary Murray). 

White, Ruth E 63, 64, 179 

White, Martha 208 

Whitman, Bertha 159, 208 

Whitney, Floy 89 

Whittimore, Gertrude 138, 139, 140, 206 

Whittier, Martha 61, 163, 164 

Whittier, Rowena 64, 95, 163, 164 

Wicks, J eanette 102 

Wight, Lucy E 99 

Wilbur, Clara 89 

Wilcox, Edna 155 

Wilcox, Grace 137 

Wilcox, Harriette 86, 123, 124 

Wilcox, Lottie 156 

Wilder, Mrs. F. A 174 



Wilkins, Norma 176 

Wilkinson, Lvdia 57, 119 

Willey, Lena Tillou 180 

Williams, Elizabeth 102 

Willis, Mrs. Richard (See Grace Matte- 
son). 

Wilmot, Edna 56, 122 

Wilson, Ella C 135, 136 

Wilson, Flora 34, 126, 127 

Wilson, Maude 89 

Wilson, Sec'y of Agri 34 

Wilson, Stella 119 

Wilson, Veda 146 

Winfree, Mrs. W. R 180 

Wingert, Mrs. Alvah (See Almedia 
Laurson). 

Winter, Maude 159 

Wood, Bertha E 83, 84, 89 

Wood, Mrs 149 

Woodburn, Lucy 89 

Woodruff, Nana 90 

Woods, Grace E 61, 169 

Woods, Helen 59 

Wolfe, Edna 58, 81, 149, 184 

Wolf, Bertha 86 

Wolf, Bess 96 

Wolf, Mrs. Jos. M 172 

Wolf, Nellie 86 

Wolf, Opal 86 

Worden, Jessie B 89, 160, 206 

Worden, Mable 77, 108 

Wordworth, Jessie 58, 139 

Worst, Mrs. E (See Evangeline Chown- 
ing). 

Wright, Beulah 151, 189 

Wright, Elizabeth 155 

Wylie, Edith 77, 78 

Y 

York, Louise E 85 

Young, Blanche 144 



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