(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Devonshire courtship; in four parts, to which is added a glossary [by John Phillips]"

873 

P3 

j e>69> 



( ': 

JNfe 



I 







to 



of 



pmtesttg of 



Professor John Satterly 
Department of Physics 
University of Toronto 



I 



DEVONSHIRE DIALECT. 




RAB. What dost thee gook thee head vor : look up, 
wo't? What art tozing over the book vor? 
BET. Turning out the dog's ears. 

Page 2. 



DEVONSHIRE COURTSHIP, 



IN FOUR PARTS, 



TO WHICH IS ADDD 



A GLOSSAKY. 



Dcbonport : 
W. WOOD, 52, FORE STEEET. 



HOULSTON & WEIGHT, 65, PATEENOSTEE EOW ; 

AND ALL BOOKSELLERS AND RAILWAY 
BOOK STALLS. 




DEC 20 



" \\ 
1963 )! 



&/J 



873175 



PREFACE. 



THE rapid sale of the last Edition of 
this Work having called for another in 
a short period, the Publisher has only 
to repeat what has been said before 
respecting the motive which led to its 
first publication. 

These Dialogues were originally 
written by Mrs. Palmer, of Great Tor- 
rington, a sister to Sir Joshua Reynolds. 



IV PREFACE. 

From this lady's manuscript, which 
had been occasionally shewn to several 
friends, extracts were taken, and from 
time to time inserted in various pub- 
lications, in many instances without 
connexion, and in most without any 
acknowledgement of the source whence 
derived ; but a little work appeared 
under the title of " A Dialogue in the 
Devonshire Dialect," from a copy con- 
taining a portion only of the original, 
with an extensive Glossary of the 
provincial terms therein used. From 
these circumstances, Mrs. Gwatkin, a 
daughter of Mrs. Palmer, was induced 
to publish the whole, from the original 
manuscript in her possession. 

It may also be briefly noticed, 
that no freedom has been used with 
the provincialisms in the text. They 



PREFACE. V 

appear as at first written. A trifling 
difference will be observed in the 
orthography of a few minor words, 
which are peculiar to country dis- 
course, and therefore to be considered 
a difference from choice. In other 
instances, where a variation has occur- 
red through the press, in orthography 
which should be preserved, or where 
an explanatory note has been omitted, 
full justice is done them in the Glos- 
sary, written, for the most part, by the 
late Rev. John Phillips, of Membury, 
Devon, and appended to the Work. 

With respect to the tendency of 
the Book, judgement is left with the 
Reader. A few points appear to have 
been conspicuously kept in view, viz., 
a faithful rural, rather than rustic 
grouping, with skilful natural colour- 



VI PREFACE. 

ing, and select disposition of light 
and shade ; while the Reader's atten- 
tion may be called to the excellent 
moral which pervades the whole. 



DEVONSHIRE DIALECT. 



PART I. 
CHARACTERS : 

JOHN Hoao, A Farmer. 

DAME, His Wife. 

BETTY, His Servant Maid. 

BAT, The Apprentice Boy. 

ROBIN, Betty's Lover. 



ROBIN, seeing his Sweetheart, BETTY, in a field, sprang 
over the stile to meet her. 

EAB. Zo, Bet, how is't ? How de try P 1 
Where hast a' be thicka way ? Where dost come 
from? 

BET. Gracious, Eab ! you gush'd 3 me. I've 
a be up to vicarige, to vet 3 a book vor dame, 
and was looking to zt e if there be any shows 4 
in en, when you wisk'd over the stile and galled 5 
me. 

1 How do you do ? 4 Prints or Pictures. 

2 Scared. 5 Frightened. 

3 Fetch. 



EAB. And dost thee loot so like a double- 
rose when thee art a ' galled, Bet ? What dost 
thee gook 1 thee head von look up, wo't ? 

BET. Be quiet : let 'lone my hat, wol ye ? 

EAB. What art tozing 2 over the book vor ? 

BET. Turning out the dog's ears. 

EAB. 'Ot is it a story-book ? 

BET. I wish 'twas, I love story-books dearly j 
many nearts 3 I've a' zit up when all the volks 
have a' be a-bed, and a' rede till es have had a 
crick in the niddick, 4 or a' burn'd my cep. 

EAB. And dost love to rede stories about 
spirits and witches ? 

BET. I'll tell thee. I was wan neart reding 
a story-book about spirits, that com'd and 
draw'd back the curtains at the bed's voot (and 
there was the ghastly pictures o'em). The 
clock had beat wan, when an owl screech'd 'pon 
the top o' the chimley, and made my blood rin 
cold. I ziin'd 5 the cat zeed zum 6 'ot : the door 
creaked, and the wind hulder'd 7 in the chimley 
like thunder. I prick'd up my ears, and pre- 
sently zum 'ot, very hurrisome, went dump! 
dump ! dump ! I would a' geed my life vor a 
varden. 8 Up I sprung, drow'd down my candle, 

1 Hang down. 6 Saw something. 

2 To pull or tumble. 7 The wind blowing with vio* 

3 Nights. lence and impetuosity, 

4 Back of the neck. 8 Farthing, 
& Thought, 



and dented 1 en; and hadn't a blunk 2 o' fire 
to teen 3 en again. What could es do ? I was 
afear'd to budge. At last I took heart, and 
went up stears backward, that nort inert* catch 
me by the heels. I didn't unray 5 mysel vor 
the neart, nor teen'd 6 my eyes, but healed 7 up 
my head in the quilt, and my heart bump't zo, 
ye could hear en ; and zo I lied panking 8 till 
peep o' day. 

RA.B. Poor Bet ! why if a vlea had hopp'd 
into thy ear thee wot a' swoon'd. 

BET. You may well enew laugh at me, but 
I can't help et, nor vor bear reding the books 
when I come athort 'em. But I'll tell thee : 
I've a' thoft pon't zince, that the dump ! 
dump ! dump ! that galled me zo, was nort 
else but our great dog diggin out his vleas 
against the dresser. 

KAB. Like enew : I marvel that you, who 
ha zo much inde.1 and oudel 9 work to do, can 
vend time vor reding ; but then, it zeerns, you ' 
rede when you ought to zleep. 

BET. Why, you must know, Dame dosn't 
like I shu'd rede zich books ; it be other 
lucker 10 books us ha' vrom the Pason; and 

1 Extinguished. 6 Closed. 

2 Spark. 7 Covered. 

3 Light. 8 Panting. 

4 Nothing might. 9 In- doors and out-doors. 

5 Undress. 10 Sort, or like. 



when us ha' done up our chewers, 1 and 'tis 
candle-teeming, 2 Measter takes hiszell to the 
alehouse, I take up my knitting, and Dame 
redes to me. Good now : es may ha' as many 
books vrom the Pason as us wol, he ne'er zaith 
her nay, and he hath a power* o' em, that a' 
hath. 

BAB. O ! Cryle, 4 Bet, I'd a' geed 5 ever zo 
much had thee a' zeed the Pason in the wood a 
leet 6 rather. Thee casn't think what items and 
anticks 7 a' had noddling his head, blasting 8 
up his ees, drowing out his hands, telling to 
hiszell, and then telling out hard. 

BET. Well ; and 'ot did a' zay ? 

EAB. The goodger 9 knows what, vor nort 
could I make o'te. A squat down upon the 
mores 10 of a great oak, and look'd stark at 
some mose 11 a' had a' grabbl'd 12 vro the tree ; 
and I zim a' zaid words to 't, before a yenn'd 1S 
it away, and zeem'd in a brown stiddy, poking 
'his stick in the ground. I peep'd to zee if a' 
was making any zircles 14 or gallitraps, when up 
a' rak'd, 15 all to wance, and vetch'd a vege la to 

1 Jobs. 10 Roots. 

2 Candle-light. 11 Moss. 

3 A great number. 12 Grappled. 

4 An exclamation. 13 Threw. 

5 Given. 14 Circles, 

6 A little while ago. 1 5 Eose up in a hurry. 

7 Wild gesticulation. 16 To retire a few steps, 

8 Lifting up his eyes. in order to rush on 

9 The Devil. with more violence. 



thicka plash et 1 where you and me zeed the 
Jackee Lanthern and took a bard 2 out o' a 
springle, that zumbody had a' teel'd ; 3 a' took 
en in his hand, and told to en, as thof a' had 
a'be telling to a Christian, and bid en do zum 
'ot, I didn't hear what, and the poor fool 
whisk'd away wi' half his errand. Oh ! (with a 
shake of his head) what a pity 'tis, vor he's an 
over good man. 

BET. Zo, you zim he's maz'd, I'll warnes ? 4 
No more, look y' d'ye zee, than you be : 
maz'd ! a kether. 5 

RAB. Na, dant'e be mift : 6 I zay no more 
than all the parish zaith, fegs ! I'm sure I'd 
crope 7 upon my hands and knees to do en 
good, at inidneart, as zoon as mid-day. Well, 
but what dost thee make o'te ? 

BET. Why, I be o' Dame's meend. 8 Her 
zaith, that wan o' his laming vends oceans o' 
things that gee en pleasure, that other volks see 
nort in ; and zum that may gall 9 en, and put 
en out a' zorts, that other volks make nort o' 
and when you zim he's telling to hiszell, a' may 
be zaying his prayers out a book. 

RAB. Like enew, zure ; but I was a' gest a' 
was going to conjure. 

1 Quagmire. 6 Offended. 

2 Bird. 7 Creep. 

3 Set. 8 Mind. 

4 Warrant. 9 Yex. 

5 Forsooth. 



G 



BET. The dickins I 1 If T thort a' coud con- 
jure, I'd beg en to conjure the evil spirit out o' 
nay Measter into the Red Zea. Thee casn't 
think, Rab, what a ranticomscour 2 us ha' had 
to our houze to-day. If I'd a' vound the Pason 
at home, by now, I had a' be up, and told en 
all about it, fegs ! 

RAB. Prithee, what was the tantarra 3 about ? 

BET. Why, you must know, the puggin4 end 
o' our linney, 5 next the pig's loose, 6 geed way, 
and was slew'ring 7 down : Measter was stand- 
ing by the tallet, 8 when the cob wall 9 slewer'd 10 
away, all to wance, and made such a stew'r, 11 
that a' corn'd in, heal'd with brist 12 and grute. 13 
" Bet," zays a', " go, vet me the lattin 14 cup o' 
best drink, the pilm's 15 a' go down my droat, 
and I'm jist a' mickled. 16 " 

RAB. Choak'en ! a' hath always zom pre- 
tence vor gulging 17 in a morning ; if a' dothn't 
leve off, a' will soon turn up his trotters I'll 
tell en but that. 

1 An exclamation. 12 Small dnst or prickles 

2 Uproar. of furze. Granula- 

3 Disturbance. ted earth. 

4 Gable end. 13 The earth from a mud 

5 A lean to. wall. Grute, from 

6 Pig's sty. the French crotte. 

7 Falling down. 14 Tin cup. 

8 Hay loft. 15 Flying dust. 

9 Mud wall. 16 Choked. 

10 Gave way. 1 7 Drinking. 

11 Cloud of dust. 



BET. Dame was zot down to brextfast, and 
zaid to en : " You had better drink tey, Jahn 
Hogg." "Burn your tey," a' yerr'd 1 to her, 
" 'tis the ruin o' the nation. If I was a king, 
I'd make et treason to drink ort but organ 2 
tey." Then, looking about upon me : " Why 
dont'e budge ?" " I thort," quoth I, " you was 
going to drink tey?" "You thort! Marry 
come up I'm come to a fine pass indeed," a' 
zaid, " to be hamper'd and allowanc'd by Dame 
and you, what I shall eat, and what I shall 
drink. I'll be Measter, or turn the doors out to 
winders." 3 Wi' that, the witherly dolt 4 up wi' 
his voot, and yenn'd 6 over the tey-kittle, that 
was but jist hove 6 off the vire, and vlosh'd 7 the 
water over Dame a' takes the teypot, and 
stram-bang 8 thicka 9 goes out o' the winder, and 
tore, 10 I don't know how many, quarrils 11 of 
glass. 

BAB. All the better : let en pay for his 
quarrels. 

BET. How smart you be ! Then he geed 
the tadle zich a jet, 12 that all the things was 
waiving 13 over; and if I hadn't a' be quick and 

1 Swore. 8 To fling violently. 

2 Pennyroyal. 9 Thickee, this ; 

3 Windows. Thicka, that. 

4 Clumsy person. 10 Broke. 

5 Threw. 11 Panes. 

6 Lifted. 12 Push. 

7 Spilt. 13 Rolling. 



8 



ruged 1 it away, a' wid a' jet over the board, and 
a' torn it all to shords. 2 Charming good cream 
as thick as stodge, a' shod 3 and slotter'd 4 all 
about ; and the bread and butter, that many a 
poor soul wid a' jumpt abew 5 ground vor, lied 
smeeching 6 and vrizzing in the vire. A' slat 
and scat 7 the things about as thof the goodger 
was in en. Wan wid a' thort a' was begayged. 8 
Never was sich a stirridge 9 sit up for nort. 

BAB. Babbit 10 en ! If I'd a' be Dame, I'd 
a claw'd the jolterhead 11 o' en. I'd zee and 
break the lowering 13 lubber of his fractious 
tricks. Good, now, what did her zay to et ? 

BET. Nort but sift 13 and look'd like wan 
quailing u away ; and then a' call'd her a purt- 
ing ls glumpot, and out a' march 'd, and slamm'd 
the door arter en, as thof a' wid a' torn down 
the dorns. 16 

BAB. Gemini ! Wid any body, but a crowd- 
ling sokey, 17 take it, to be kerpt l8 over by zich 
a piggish looby ? I didn't think Dame was 

1 Put away hastily. 9 Commotion. 

2 Sherds. 10 An oath. 

3 Spilt. 11 Blockhead. 

4 Slopped. 12 A down-looking fellow. 

5 Above. 13 Sighed. 

6 Making an offensive 14 Fainting ; being 

smell. depressed. 

7 To throw things about ISA sulky person. 

with violence, in an 16 Door posts, 
ill temper. 17 Timid creature. 

8 Bewitched. 18 Kept under. 



zich a sart and fair tottle. 1 Why don't her 
take a good smart rad for en ? 

BET. Oh Cryle, Eab ! her ban't the totle 
you zeem ; but her thinks if her was to begin to 
haggy 2 wi'en there would be no hoa. 3 Why, 
her ne'er so much as drows et vore to en. Dear 
me, that zich a vitty 4 tidy body should vail to 
his lot wan so stewardly, 5 that can turn her 
hand to any kindest thing : and good now, 
though her looketh zo puny and pinikin, 6 her 
doth more than wan that zeems to lowster, 7 and 
work harder. Her be always clean, if it be but 
in a touser. 8 " Cleanliness," her saith, " is next 
to Godliness." 

EAB. I'll tell thee what our Pason zaid I 
was told it by wan who heard en speak the 
words " Farmer Hogg's wife is a pattern ; her 
and her houze be always in order. At zome 
places where I come, there's sich a wiping and 
righting, before wan can zit down, it's no com- 
fort to call upon 'em." 

BET. Very true, zure. I was at a neigh- 
bour's, t'other day, whan the Pason call d ; and 
as zoon as her glimps'd en, her jumpt up, and 
cried, " Gracious ! here comes our Pason :" and 



1 Soft and fair fool. 5 Managing. 

2 To argue. 6 Delicate. 

3 End, stop. 7 Bustle about. 

4 Neat. 8 A coarse apron. 



10 



her whipp'd 1 aside to turn her apern then her 
veil to sweeping, and clapping aside the things 
and mit en, looking twenty ways to wance, 
wi' : " Zure, Zir, you be come to a cruel 2 untidy 
houze." 

RAB. Wan thing, your Dame is always at 
home: you ne'er zee her at any high- de- lows 3 
or gapesnests 4 in the parish. 

BET. Her hath no junketing 5 doings, nor 
ne'er go'th aneest 6 they that ha'; nor widn't 
care if her ne'er budg'd over the drekstool 7 from 
wan week to another : a drap o' tey, and a 
book, is all the comfort her hath, poor soul ! 
and that is wishee-washee stuff. 

RAB. I've a' herd, her had a power of sweet- 
hearts where her com d vro . Hard to go thro' 
the wood, and take a crooked stick at last. 
Zure her couldn't lov' en ? 

BET. Lov' en ? guotha ! No, that's a zure 
thing. 

RAB. Why did her ha' en then ? 

BET. Why ? Because her coudn't say nay 
to her vather ; the jail take the old curmud- 
geon, 8 zay I. I didn't care if the old tantara- 
bobos 9 had en A geed a good stub 10 wi' her, too. 

1 Turned hastily aside. 6 Nigh. 

2 Sad. 7 Threshold. 

3 Feastings and merry 8 Covetous fellow. 

makings. 9 The Devil. 

4 Sights. 10 Portion or sum of 

5 Private entertainments. money. 



11 



RAB. A hugeous heave up, 1 truly, if her 
hadn't a varding, to marry zich a stingy hunks * 
zich a swaggering, hectoring bragadocia. 3 

BET. Ah ! me. Before her married, her was 
as peart* as a bard, and as cherry 5 as a crop o' 
fresh apple blooth ; 6 but now, poor soul, her's 
like a daver'd 7 rose sweet in the midst o te. 

EAB. Aye, the blue 8 o the plum's ago, zure ! 

BET. I meend 9 when a' brought her home, 
how her was admir'd. Her mother com'd wi' 
her, and a comely, bowerly 10 'oinan her was, as 
wan should wish to zee a notable, thorough- 
paced, stewardly body ; and widn't turn her 
back to any wan for making squab-pies, and 
pot-and- puddings. 

E.AB. Yolks zaid her was rather too high to 
instep j 11 a little grainee, 12 or zo. The vather 
was a ghastly figure, wi' his bandy legs, and 
shewl-a- mouth 13 hatchet face : w I couldn't 
abide en. 

BET. He was sich a hen-huswife, wan coudn't 

1 A great piece of good 10 Handsome, of a cer- 

fortune. tain size. Buirdly, 

2 Miser. (Scottish,) stoutly 

3 Braggart. 11 Haughty. [built. 

4 Lively. 12 Proud, ill-tempered. 

5 Ruddy. 13 Shovel-mouthed. 

6 Blossom. 14 Ugly face ; such as 

7 Withered. might be hewn out Q 
S Bloom. of a block by a 
9 Remember. hatchet. Johnson. 



12 



turn a dish vor en always something to zay : 
a' know'd how everything was to be do, better 
than any body else ; b\it I don't know anything 
a' was good vor, but making a wassail 1 bowl. 

BAB. Crymanias, 2 Bet ! I wish instead of 
Dame the Measter had thicka stare-bason tug- 
ster, 3 Moll Teazy. Zich a riff-raff taterde- 
malion 4 was good enew vor en. Her's another 
gess 5 'oman than Dame none of your mealy- 
mouth wans ; but, tit for tat, wid a' geed en as 
good as a' brought, and laff'd, 6 and tack d her 
hands at en, when a' was in his vagaries. Thicka 
spitfire wid a' vitted en to a T. 

BET. Aye, that her wid, with a sissarary. 7 
But had he ever a simathin 8 vor thicka harum- 
scarem solvege h 9 

BAB. I's, zure, a' had a sneeking kindness 
vor her, that s a zure thing. It's much, how a' 
could like zich a yoky molekit 10 zich an un- 
souterly malkin. 11 A' wanted me to be his 
gubs, 12 thank en ; but his uncle stat 13 the 
match. I'm mistake if a' hathn't a hankering 
arter her now. 

1 A liquor made of 7 Certiorari. 

apples, sugar, 8 Liking, partiality, 

and ale. 9 A term of reproach. 

2 Gracious. 10 A yellow, unhealthy 

3 Bold looking woman. looking person. 

4 Ragged, dirty. 11 Wench, a dirty woman. 
6 Sort. 12 Go between. 

6 Laughed. 13 Stopt. 



13 



BET. Oh ! no, no, nort in that : rather at 
daggers drawing. Why, the mother and darter 
rag 1 and scan 2 en, whenever they come atwart 
en. I coudn t think what 'twas vor, they bally - 
ragg'd en zo bevore. It 'twas but last week 
that ever was, I was coming home vrom milk- 
ing, and zeeing zo many volks in the Church- 
town, at their hatches 3 and winders, and about 
the alehouse door Gracious, what's towards 
now, thort I. When I com'd vore, what should 
it be but the old Mall trimming up my Measter, 
and yerring to en, " Haw you ! haw you !" and 
he wringing up his vist to her, and swearing he 
would her bevore her betters, and trounce her, 
if there was any law in the land. Her bust 4 
Out a laffing, " What, for zaying, ' Haw you ? ' 
Why, I'll zay, P goth vor purse, and vor proud, 
and vor puppy ; now, make the most o'te :" and 
drawing out her voot and clapping her arms 
a kimbow (like a bobbing Joan), her defied he 
and his law. " I hate," quoth the darter, " a 
hollow-hearted, black-liver 'd rogue." " Zay 
another word, Dem, 5 " zays a,' "and I'le pull 
your poll." " Do, if you dare ; ye daren't." 

KAB. Aye, the young one is the very daps 6 
o' her mother ; another such a hauch-a- 



1 Chide and Scold, 4 Burst. 

2 Scoff. 5 Hussy. 

3 Half door of a cottage. 6 Likeness. 

B 



14 



mouth 'd, 1 hagaging, 2 maundering 3 drab. Woe 
betide the man that hath her ! 

BET. Take 'em every way, I dan't think 
they have their peer. 

RAB. For make-bates, 4 I'll warrant. It 
wasn't vor want o' a good will, the litter-legg'd 
trapes 5 hadn't a' blow'd a coal between you and 
me ; if it hadn't been vor you, I'd a' made her 
cry pecavi I'd a' made her eat her words, that 
I wid. 

BET. I shou'd a' cry'd my eyes out, to a' be 
made the talk o' the parish, and rail'd 6 over by 
they that don't care what lies they tell. 

RAB, Mall can speak truth zometirnes. Her 
did, when her zaid, I lov'd Betty Berry's little 
vinger better than any 'oman on the vace o' the 
earth. Her might have zaid, I lov'd the very 
ground her went upon. 

BET. Co, a fig's end 7 ! Well, I must trudge 
home : I'm a' guess, I've a' be lack'd 8 

RAB. Why, stay a crume. 9 When I twitch'd 
ye by the gownd, yesterday, coming out o' 
church, why didn't ye look about ? I wid a' 
treated ye with zome special buns and topping 
ale at the " Pigeons." How did I loss thee ? 

1 To speak with a broad 5 An idle, slatternly 

accent is called in woman. 

Devonshire, hauching. 6 Talked over. 

2 Passionate. 7 Nonsense. 

3 Grumbling 8 Looked for. 

4 Mischief makers. 9 A little bit. 



15 



BET. Dame and me didn't go the leach 1 way, 
but down along the lane, and over the vreath, 2 
and made the best o' our way home. Good 
now, her can't abide zich may- games and high- 
de-lows 3 Sabbath days. Gracious ! what a 
hurly-burly 'twas ! How the volks veased 4 out 
o' church higgeldy-piggeldy, helter-skelter : 
zich jitting, 5 driving, and dringing. 6 I thort 
no other, but I shou'd be squat 7 to death. I'll 
never go to church of a Eail Zinday again, I'll 
be bound vor't. 

EAB. It was who shou'd get virst to the 
" Pigeons," to get a good place. 

BET. Our zeat was zo full as it cou'd cram, 
when who shou'd come in but Joice Jollard and 
Euth Kumpson, and wedg'd themselves in, 
panking and weezing, zo red as two roost cocks, 
tittering, and vanning wi' their hats, as thof 
'twas cruel buldering, 8 quelstering 9 weather. 

EAB. That was to show their high-peak'd 
loady 10 heads, wi' a wallage 11 o' hair, plaster'd 
with mort 12 and flour, bevore, and a thumping 
nug 13 behind, bedizzen'd with rory tory 14 rib- 

1 Common way. 8 Sultry. 

2 A low hedge. 9 Hot. 

3 Feastings. 10 High-dressed, loaded. 

4 Hurried, drove. 11 A lump. 

5 Pushing against 12 Lard. 

each other. 13 A bunch. 

6 Squeezing. 14 Tawdry. 

7 Squeezed, crushed. 



16 



bons, like garters hang'd up in a vair, and 
thingembobs in their ears. 

BET. Why, good now, that's the tip o'the 
mode. I'me told that they join vor a red-book 
that tells 'era the fashions : What dost think o' 
that? 

RAB. Their bacon faces ban't vit to play 
tricks wi. I heard an old 'oman zay, her long'd 
to gee 'em a good scat in the chaps. 1 

BET. They never left edging and vedging 2 
till they'd a' shoulder'd themselves up to me : 
I wish'd 'em to Jericho : I didn't know which 
way to look : I zirn'd every body was gaping 
at es. 

RAB. I was, vor wan. There, thot I, is the 
sweet lily of the valley, peeping under its 
leaves : and there is tansy 3 barefaced ; or a rose 
and a poppy. 

BET. I vound my colour rising, and zeeing 
you pat. another, and look at me, that made my 
vace burn : and the more I tried to help it, the 
worse 'twas ; I could do nort 4 but keep my eyes 
on the ground. I heard 'em, whispering and 
tittering. I'le warnes they thort I was dash'd 5 
to zee zich vine volks as they. 

RAB. If you had but a zeed 'em, whan they 
com'd out o' church, colting 6 and giggling like 

1 Slap in the face. 4 Nothing. 

2 Sideling. 5 Daunted. 

3 A strong-smelling plant. 6 Frolicking. 



17 



two hobby-horses, with their pie-pick'd, 1 skit- 
tering flimzy gownds, vagging 2 in the wind, or ->v 
reeping 3 in the raux. "What!" zays wan, 
" is that Joice Jollard and Ruth Rumpson, zo 
taring 4 vine ?" " What a flash they cut," zays 
another ; " if their mothers was to peep out o' 
their graves they widn't know their own children 
so transmogrified. 5 Their mothers wared 6 their 
hair vrapp'd? back with a vorehead cloth, and 
little baize rochets 8 and blue aperns. 9 " Well 
sose, 10 what will this world come to ! 

BET. Look zee ! look ! there they be, 
tramping away across the arish up to Rail ! 
Aye, and there go'th 11 the crowder 12 and a 
gubby 13 way en, scouring along. 

RAB. Well, Bet, you'll go to zee the wrax- 
ling 14 ? Every body keeps holiday to day. 
Thee shall daunce vor the cep, and I'll warnes 
you'll git en. 

BET. I can't, zure. 

RAB. Well ! very well ! 

BET. You be a' purt, now ? 

1 Of different colours, 8 Little short cloaks, com- 

as pie-balled. monly made of blue 

2 Flapping. cloth. See Glossary. 

3 Trailing on the 9 Aprons. 

ground. 10 Well-a-day. 

4 Very. 11 Goes. 

5 Metamorphosed. 12 Tiddler. 

6 Wore. ISA posse, a number. 

7 Drawn tight. 14 Wrestling. 



18 



EAB. Fegs, Bet, I gess thee widn't 1 meend 
my purting : but tell me, then, why thee widn't 
go? 

BET. Dant'e be pettish, and I wol. Why, 
I be gwain 2 to Thatchcot, to zee my old gaffer 
and gonmer. 3 

EAB. When wot go ? How long virst ? 

BET. I can't tell : I ve a good many chew- 
ers to do ; and here I be, drilling 4 away my 
time. 

EAB. Prithee, dant'e be long about 'em; 
I'll meet thee here a leet odds of two o'clock, 
and bring zome Eail buns in my pocket. 

BET. Not vor me ; I' me a glut 5 way em. \ 



1 Would not. 4 Dawdling. 

2 Going. 5 Had more than enough, 

3 Grandfather and satiated. 

grandmother. 



END OP THE FIRST PART. 



DEVONSHIRE DIALECT. 



PART II. 



ROBIN. I was a' gest thee widn't a' coine, 
as et began to misslee. 1 

BETTY. I can't zay I like to walk in zich 
vady, 2 hazy weather : I zem es shall ha' a 
slottering 3 walk o'te. 

RAB. This dribbling 4 rain will break up 
bam by. 3 Look'e, d'ye zee, there's blue enew 
in the sky to make thee a rochet. 

BET. Po, your eyes mistree. 6 

RAB. I can zee, tho,' thee has a cruel pritty 
gownd on. 

1 To rain in small drops, 4 Small rain. 

like a mist. 5 By and by. 

2 Damp. 6 Dim-sighted. 

3 Dirty, wet. 



20 



BET. I've a' waddl'd 1 en up vor vear of a 
scud, 2 vor if it's wet 'twill cockle. 3 

EAB. 'Tis an over modest colour, spick and 
span new, 4 is'n it ? You must pay beverage, 5 
Bet. 

BET. I zay zo, too : why, I bot 6 en last 
Eidmas 7 come twelvemonth, of a runabout. 
Dame zaith, I was catch'd by the vinger. 
Theie's many scovy 8 places in en, it wan't wear 
well ; I shall ha' more wit next. I'm very 
chary 9 over en ; it never zees zin, but upon 
choice times. Come ! pray dout'e cluin 10 en zo. 

EAB. What, musn't a body meel 11 way en? 
'Tisn't a bit foust 13 nor a voul vinger upon 
en. Dost know thee hast a' put on thy hat 
backsevore 13 ? 

BET. No : have es ? Aye, and my cloak 
inzide out. Well, us shan't be pixy 14 led. I 
zem, Eab, es had better keep along the lane, 
it's cruel poaching 15 in the arish?: bezides, 
thicka bull looketh zo shug. 16 



1 Folded. 8 Thin, uneven. 

2 Shower. 9 Careful. 

3 Wrinkle. 10 Paw or handle. 

4 Quite new, first worn. 11 Meddle. 

5 A treat upon wearing 12 Tumbled or soiled. 

a suit of new clothes. 13 The hind part before. 

6 Bought. 14 Fairy-led. 

7 Roodmas 15 Swampy. 

See Glossary. 16 Sly, angry. 



21 



EAB. Dost think li'll bush 1 thee ? 

BET. I wan't trust en ; I wan't go aneest 
en, vor ever zo much. 

EAB. I'le go and veaze 2 en away. 

BET. Oh ! no, dant'e ! vor vear he shou'd 
gee thee a poke. 3 Do, Eab, zee : dothn't he 
look vor all the world like my Measter ? 

EAB. It isn't good your Measter heard you. 
Well, how go'th it at home : pritty vitty, or zo, 
zo ? 

BET. Oh ! nort but jouring 4 and maunder- 
nig 5 all day long : every thing went wee- wow. 6 
Whan a' com'd home to dinner, the dog rin'd 7 
out to meet en, tweedling 8 es tail. " Stand a 
war, 9 wo't?" zaid a,' and geed en a voot 10 that 
made en youl 11 again. If a' had sparables 12 in 
hes shoes, a' must a' lamst 13 en. Well, thort I, 
us shall ha' it bam bye, and zo es had, with a 
sissarary. I hove off the crock 14 and lade up 
the porridge ; a' was ranish 16 vor es dinner, 
and zo skinush 16 that nort wid please en. The 



1 Toss. 9 Out of the way. 

2 Drive. 10 Kick. 

3 Gore, to pierce with 1 1 Howl. 

a horn. 12 Nails. 

4 Scolding. 13 Lamed. 

5 Grumbling. 14 Pot. 

6 Wrong. 15 Ravenous. 

7 Ran. 16 Squeamish. 

8 Wagging. 



22 



meat was zamzau'd 1 and boil'd to jowds, 2 (and 
no marvel:) Why did a' lacky 3 zo long, and 
keep it zimmering in the crock ? The dumpling 
was claggy 4 and pindy 5 ; charming plum 6 
bread, a' zaid, was a' clit 7 for want o' barm ; 
the cheeze was vinnied 8 and buck'd ; the cyder 
was keemy 9 and had a vinegar twang ; 

EAB. What next ? 

BET. Why, the small beer was a' jarr'd, and 
thick as puddle; the ale was a' pirl'd, 10 and 
dead as dish-water a'd as lief 11 drink the addle 
gutter when, to be zure, the fob 12 was abew 
the cup. "Pray," said a,' "haul et out in a 
glass, that a body may zee what 'tis ; I want 
ha thicka glass, gee me t'other." Howsomever, 
bad as 'twas, a' made shurt 13 to gulk 14 down a 
quart o'te, and eat a good sliver 15 of vlesh, and 
a swapping lunch 16 of pudding. "What," 
quoth" a' to Dame, " art glumping 1 ? ? I zeein 
you be a' purt 18 way your dinner, and ha' no 
stomach, make wise 19 ; but I'll eat vire if you 

1 Overdone. 10 Flat. 

2 Rags. 11 As soon. 

3 Stay. 12 Froth. 

4 Glutinous, sticky. 13 Shift. 

5 Mouldy. 14 Swallow. 

6 Light. 15 Slice. 

7 Heavy. ] 6 Large piece. 

8 The green mould 17 Sullen. 

in cheese. 18 Offended. 

9 Not sound. 19 Make believe. 



23 



havn't a' vit zome vrozzy 1 or other, and this is 
your orts, 2 vried up for me : 111 ha' none of 
your cauch 3 : and he jet away the cow-heels off 
the board. I told en, ware 4 a' knowd it or no, 
my Dame was above doing ort in a hugger- 
mugger 6 manner. " What then," zaid a,' " was 
all the hurry-scurry when I com'd home?" 
"To take up your dinner," zays L "Aye, to 
be zure," says a.' "Here, Mrs. Prate-a-pace, 
I've a zom'ot to zay to you : I vind you be zich 
a blab, that there isn't the leastest thing ado in 
my house, but, by your tittle-tattle, it is blazed 
all over the parish. You must tell every body 
that I was bosky 6 and valid 7 into the mud- 
pool." 

EAB. What, did a' sure enew ? 

BET. Is zure, that a' did, and wid a' be 
buddl'd, 8 if Dame and I hadn't a' tugg'd hard 
to hawl en out ; a' had no stroil 9 to help hiszell. 
" Why," quoth I, " you want offer to zay zo ? 
I'm zure I ne'er squeak d 10 a word o'te to any 
living zoul." "You tell a stramming 11 lie," 
zaid a': just then zomebody dunip'd to the door, 



1 IS ice thing. 7 Fell. 

2 Fragments, refuse. 8 Suffocated. 

3 Mess, a nasty mixture. 9 Strength. 

4 Whether. 10 Spoke. 
6 Clandestine. 11 Great. 
6 Tipsy. 



and in stumpt 1 Gaffer What-ye-call-en, that 
kicketh 2 zo ? I can't net es name ? 

BAB. Winkinghain, that goeth about to 
catch wants 3 ? 

BET. The zame. " What," zays a' to the 
old man, " be vou come sneving 4 vor a dinner, 
and to slock 5 my sarvant to gee 6 what isn't 
hers to gee ? " " What me, Measter ? You put 
hard upon an old man : my comfort is, not a 
living zoul will zay zo but yourzell : I be a' 
come to catch your wants to supply my own" 
Now, thort I, I'll be to rnits 7 wi' you, Measter, 
to gap or to stile ; zo I went right vore to the 
old man, " Good now, Gaffar, did I tell you 
that Measter was drunk, last Vriday, and vailed 
into the mud-pool, and that Dame and I lugg'd 
en out ? " 

RAB. Bevore George ! you was quits wi' en : 
you nick'd 8 en. 

BET. The old man grizzl'd 9 : "No, zure, 
lovey, I ne'er heard the least inkling 10 o'te :" 
and away he turn d to the winder : I cou'd zee 
vor what, by the juggling 11 o' his shoulders. 
It was jist upon the tip o' my tongue " Shall 

1 To press the foot 7 Even. 

hard. 8 Caught him at a lucky 

2 Stammers. moment. 

3 Moles. 9 Laughed. 

4 Sneaking. 10 Hint or information. 

5 To entice. 1 1 Shaking. 

6 Give. 



25 



I ax 1 any body else ? " but Dame geed me a 
look, and J. was glad to get away. 

RAB. ~L shuld a' bust 2 wi* laffing. 

BET, It was no laffing sport for poor Bat ; 
a' vetched out hes mad upon he, and clapper- 
claw' d 3 en vinely. A' heard Measter was in his 
tantarems, 4 and had a* be up in the chamber, 
looking down dro' the squinches 5 in the planch- 
ing, 6 and was slinking? down, tiptoe, so gin- 
gerly, 8 shrumping^ his shoulders, that he mist 
his vooting, and com'd down rouse, 10 stair arter 
stair, to the bottom. Measter glimps'd en, and 
vall'd aboard o'en like a buIUdog. " Here, you 
ragamuffin rabscallion, 11 where be you skulk- 
ing to ? 'Twas you, was it, trapping 12 over 
head ? What did you there, michard 13 ? Ods- 
wilderakins 14 speak ! or I'll maul thy jaws :" 
and wi' that a' geed en zich a whister-clister, 15 
as made es eyes strike vire. 

EAB. The glittish 16 gorbelly 17 pig, I wish 
zomebody would maul he zoundly. I wish I'de 



1 Ask. 10 With a great noise. 

2 Burst. 1 1 Terms of reproach. 

3 Tongue-beat, scolded. 12 Walking. 

4 Vagaries. 13 Micher, a lazy loiterer. 
6 Chinks. 14 An exclamation. 

6 Floor. 15 Box in the ear. 

7 Stealing, to creep slily. 16 Cruel, savage. 

8 Softly. 17 Big-bellied. 

9 Shrugging. 

C 



26 



the trimming o'en, the slouching lubber, 1 odds 
danget, I'de lerrick 2 en to the true ben. 3 

BET. Oh ! Jaykle, 4 this was but a vlea bite, 
if you did but zee how a' will fulch 5 en and 
thump en about zometimes ; and the leet win- 
die 6 darent blubber or weeny, 7 but siffeth and 
look'th zo pittis, 8 'tis enew to make a body's 
heart ache. 

RA.B. I'm zure it hath made my heart ache 
to zee the crisimore, 9 by peep o'day, in his leet 
scrimp 10 jerkin, like a bard that isn't flush, 11 
trouncing l2 in the mux after the bosses, squash, 
squash, stratted 13 up to the huxeiis 14 in plid, 
the innocent vace o'en like basam, 15 and hes 
poor hands plim'd 16 up wi' chilbladders, 17 hez 
hair stivering 18 an end wi' the wind, and a drap 
hanging to the nose o'en like a conkable. 19 

BET. Aye, and when a' com'th home stiv'd 20 
wi' the cold, a' can't come neest 21 a blunk o' 
vire, and may be, nort but a crab 23 o' dry bread 
vor hes supper. 

1 Clownish booby. 12 Floundering. 

2 Chastise. 13 Splashed. 

3 Truth of it. 14 Hocks, ankles. 

4 Exclamation. 15 The red heath broom, 

5 A blow or push. 16 Swelled. 

6 See Glossary. 17 Chilblains. 

7 Cry. 18 Standing. 

8 Sorrowful. 19 Icicle. 

9 Little creature- 20 Starved or shivering. 

10 Short. 21 Near. 

11 Feathered. 22 Crust. 



27 



RAB. No marvel lie looketh so thirl, 1 poor 
boy. I met en at the mill, t' other day, and a' 
begg'd of all love they wid zend en away wi' 
his grist, or a' should be bang'd wan a' com'd 
home, vor staying ; zo I let en ha' my steem- 
ing, 2 vor I was there bevore he. Well, sose ! 
no body knows to whose take their poor chil- 
dren may come ; hes mother doted upon en ; a' 
was the nestle draft 3 ; a' could but jist daggle 4 
about when her died ; a' was a poor puny thing, 
her had an ocean o' trouble way en : and her, 
poor zoul, took by upon the death o' her hus- 
band, and ne'er gooded 5 arter. 

BET. I've made a shurt 6 to larn en his let- 
ters, and his prayers ; and wan day a' was kneel- 
ing to my knees, zaying arter me, " Give es this 
day our daily bread," a ream'd 7 up his neck, 
wi' his sweet begging eyes, and zaid, zart in my 
ear, " Mayn't es ax vor a crume 8 o' butter 
'pon't?" I hugg'd en in, and zaid, "Be a 
good boy, and you wan't lack butter 'pon your 
bread." 

EAB. Pretty zoul ! a 1 made rare gammet 9 
vor es at the " Pigeons" last neart, whan a* 
brought his Measter's great coat. Hogg was 

1 Lean, thin, meagre. 6 Shift. 

2 My turn. 7 Stretched. 

3 The last pig in a litter. 8 Little bit. 

4 Trudge. 9 Fun, sport. 

5 Prospered. 



28 



then dwalling 1 and palavering away about 
religion, as a' always dith whan a' is half ago : 
"Come," zis a' to Bat, " stand vore, 2 put your 
hands behind your back, and zay the chief end 
o' man." 

BET. A pritty time in an alehouse. Good 
now, a' wager'd with Dame, that h'd teach en 
" The chief end o' man" zooner than her shou'd 
his catechise. 

EAB. Zo a' went on : " Who made thee ? " 
" God," said Bat, and nodded his head. 
"What did God make thee vor?" The boy 
was at a stann. 3 " Speak, mumchance. 4 what 
dost stand digging the head, and shuckening, 5 
as if thee was louzy : speak, mooncalf, 'Ot did 
God make thee vor ? " Bat look'd up zo harm- 
less, and zaid, " To carry dung to Crowbear. 6 " 
Bless es, what a hallaballoo 7 was set up ; es 
cried a' was right, hes Measter look'd brinded, 8 
and the poor boy bost out a crying, when Hogg 
zaid, "You dunderheaded stunpole, 9 you dium- 
ble drone, 10 I wish I'de a good smart switch, 
I'de lerrick thee till I made thee twine 11 like an 
angle-twitch. 12 ' 

1 Talking tediously. 8 Spoken of Animals; 

2 Stand forward. fierce, like a bull, 

3 At a stand still. 9 A thick-headed, stupid 

4 Silent person, or one fellow. 

resolved not to speak. 10 Humble bee, or drone. 

5 Shuffling. 11 Twist. 

6 A place near Torring- 12 Blindwonns. 

7 Noise. [ton. 



29 



BET. If a' had a' be at home a' wid a' be 
wapp'd 1 and bang'd to zorue tune. 

RAB. A' dardn't do it now ; a' might as 
good eat es nails. Es vingers itch'd to gee 'n a 
tuck, and vor what ? Wasn't a' right ? I' 
zure, I've a' zeed en mornings rare 2 and eve- 
lings 3 late, go to Crowbear a lade, 4 and back 
lary. 5 

BET. And zometimes a' rideth thicka lam- 
ming, 6 galaganting 7 hoss, that's enew to julk 8 
en to death. 

RAB. Jist bevore candle-teening, the Pason 
peep'd in upon es, to put us in meend 'twas 
Zinday neart ; and Hogg began dwalling away 
about the wickedness o' the times, and rind on 
a long rigmarole 9 of grievances. The Pason 
clapt hes hand upon hes shoulder, and zaid : 
"He that mends himself mends every thing, 
zo far as concerns him." Hogg pouch'd 10 out 
hes mouth, look'd glum, and didn't know 'ot to 
make o'te ; but keep'd spuddling 11 in the vire, 
and zoon arter shabb'd 12 off. 

BET. I believe a' is a ragged and roasted 
amongst you well a' fine, 13 but es pay vort. 

1 Slapped. 8 Shake. 

2 Early. 9 Round-about story. 

3 Evening. 10 Poked. 

4 Laden. 11 Poking and raking. 

5 Empty or unladen. 12 Sheered or stole off. 

6 Large. 13 To a good purpose. 

7 Large and awkward. See Glossary. 



30 

Outel doors a' meets wi' hes match, but indel 
doors a' is like a tiling untied. I'll gee thee a 
sample : a Vriday I went to winding, 1 and 
took the boy wi' me, to cry turr, 2 and vease 
away the pigs from nuzzling in the corn ; and 
if the wind be wanted, a' can whistle charming. 
It was a tingling 3 frost, quite a glidder 4 all 
down along the lane. The juggy-mire 5 was 
one clitch 6 o' ice ; et blunk'd, 7 and the wind 
huffl'd 8 and hulder'd it in wan's face. I was in 
a sad taking.; no going to the lew zide you 
know ; I must vace it, though my lips and nose 
was a' spray d, 9 and my arms as spraged 10 as a 
longcripple. 11 Well, by the time us had ado, 
the wind was ago lye, 12 and 't had a' eved, 13 zo 
that I was a' stugg'd 14 in the mux. Cryle ! I 
never was in zich a pickle bevore, my coats was 
a dugg'd 15 up, and my shoes healed in plid. 16 
When es com'd home, Measter was a ream'd 
out in the zittle, 17 routing 18 bevore a great 



1 Winnowing. 9 Chapped. 

2 An expression used 10 Spotted. 

in driving pigs. 11 Viper. 

3 Sharp. 12 Gone down. 

4 Water frozen on the 1 3 Thawed. 

ground. 14 Stuck. 

5 Bog or quagmire. 15 Draggled. 

6 Mass. 16 Mire. 

7 Snowed. 17 A high-backed seat com - 

8 Wind not blowing mon in farm houses. 

steadily. 18 Snoring. 



31 



rouzing 1 vire, enew to swelter 2 en : Dame zit- 
ting by, upon a cricket, 3 knitting ; and zeeing 
Bat a' shrumpt 4 up wi' the cold, her meaned 
and nodded to en a' should come by the vire : 
the little pixy went to dring 5 hiszell into the 
end o' the zittle, and was a' jamm'd, a' coudn't 
get back nor vore. Measter raked up 6 and 
glinted 7 upon en: "Hey!" zays a,' "marry 
come up, my dirty cousin, why dant'e come and 
zit down in the zittle at wance, cheek by jowl, 
hail fellow well met, hey ! tatterdemalion ? " 
And, wi' that, a' geed en zich a wap 8 in the 
niddick, that a' hit es head against the clovel, 9 
and made a bump in his brow. Dame coudn't 
help speaking. 

RAB. I think her coudn't, zure enew. I 
wish I'de a' be there. 

BET. A' snubb'd up Dame, with " None of 
your documentizing. 10 I was overlook'd" a' 
zaid, "when I took thicka spindle. You was 
virking 11 me to take en, when I meast a' had 
a good stugged 12 boy, vit vor zome ort, and 
this is vit vor nort." " 'Tis a poor fatherless 



1 Blazing. 8 Blow. 

2 Melt. 9 A large beam across 

3 A three-legged stooL the chimney in 

4 Shrunk. farm houses. 

5 Squeeze. 10 Preaching or instruc- 

6 Awoke from sleep. 1 1 Teazing. [tion. 

7 Looked askance. 12 Healthy, strong. 



32 



and motherless cheeld," I zaid. " Who bid 
you put in your oar?" a' zaid, "hold your 
wab, 1 Mrs. Tittlegoose. what d'ye mean by't, 
both of ye, to be always dinging 3 in my ears 
about thicka chat : ye uphold en, ye do zo : the 
dap I geed en widn't a' kill'd a vly ; and here's 
a stirrege 3 set up for nort." 

E.AB. A pize take en who zat it up ? 

BET. Than a' fell a' waiving and tossing, 
and turning from zide to zide, grunting and 
querking 4 wi' his kibby 5 heels : a' hath always 
zome glam 6 or t'other, and makes em worse by 
es pomstering 7 : a' is cruel a' troubled wi' 
pinswills 8 and nimpingangs. 9 

EAB. A' looketh a' loaded, 10 that's a sure 
thing ; hes flesh is zo flabby and wangery. 11 A' 
turns off bevore Dame, zay I zaid zo. 

BET. Oh that he meart ! Arter a' had a' be 
dozing and zogging 12 zome time, a' called to 
Daine : " Come," zaith a,' " knuckle down on 
your marrow bones, and hawl off my stocking, 
it's a clitch'd 13 to my heel," Dame rucked 14 

1 Tongue. 7 Quackery. 

2 Harping, a corruption 8 Whitlows. 

of din. 9 Boils. 

3 Tumultuous disorder, 10 Bloated. 

commotion. 11 Soft. 

4 Moaning, complaining. 12 The same as dozing. 

5 Chaps on the heels, or 13 Stuck. 

chilblains. 14 Squatted. 

6 Sore. 



33 



down, and did but jist titch en, when a' 
scream'd out " Gingerly, gingerly : how unvitty 
and cat-handed 1 you go about it, you dough- 
cake, 2 git'e gone you sontross 3 ; " and wi' that 
a' strode 4 out es leg and draw'd her all along. 

They come to Thatchcot. 

BET. Heyday ! how is this ? No Christian 
zoul at home ! Why where, in the name of 
goodness, can they be go to ? I've a' trapsed 
here to a vine purpose. What be you smirking 
about ? 

RAB. Why, dant'e know the old zouls keep 
all holidays, and eat pancakes Shrove Tuesday, 
bacon and beans Mace Monday, 5 and rize to zee 
the zin dance Easter-day ; and always go to 
Rail to spend their penny. !N ow, the wraxling 
is over by this time, and they be dancing away 
vor life. 

BET. Well, zure, my thoughts was a wool- 
gathering, 6 or I hadn't a com'd zo far. Where's 
the fun ov bringing a body here vor nort ? How 
cou'd ye do zo ? 

RAB. Is the having your company vore and 
back nort ? Why, I wid stand in the Torridge, 

1 Awkward. 4 Threw. 

2 Half-witted. 5 See Glossary, 

3 A term of reproach. 6 Bewildered. 



up to the neck in water, vor an hour, to ha' thy 
company vor the next. 

BET. Hey, sissa ! what rodamantade be you 
telling ? Well, I caii't but zay 

BAB. Come, dant'e zet up thee back 1 ; thee 
'now'st I tell no fibs ; thee 'now'st how dearly I 
love thee, and that I've a lack'd a long time to 
tell thee zo. 

BET. Blindmares 2 ! 

RAB. I've always a' found, that as zoon as 
you halseny 3 I'm about to break my meend 
whip sissa ! you be ago, and then I code bite 
my tongue vor veasing you away. 

BET. Than, why wol ye ? Come, let's hear 
no more o'te. 

RAB. There now : you'll be the death o' me, 
that's a zure thing. 

BET. What whimzeys you ha': why do ye 
put yourzell in zich a pucker 4 ? we ha' always 
a' be good friends, and prithee, Rab, let's bide 
zo, and let me hear no more o'te. 

RAB. (Taking her hand.) But I zay you 
shall : I've a' began, and fegs I'll not let thee 
go till thee hast a' heard me out. 

BET. I wol, I wol ; but dont'e creem 5 my 
hands zo. 

RAB. I don't know what I do, or what I 
zay, Oh ! Bet, thee casn't think what a way I 

1 Be angry. 4 Fuss. 

2 Nonsense. 5 Squeeze. 

3 Guess or conjecture. 



35 



be in ; many, many nearts I han't a' teen'd my 
eyes vor thinking o' thee. I can't live zo, 'tis 
ne'er the ne'er to tell o'te. I must make an 
end o'te zome way or t'other I'm bent upon't, 
therevore no shilly shally ; but look there, thee 
zeest the zin yender, a' most a' healed by thicka 
hill : now, if thee dosn't zay thee wot ha' me 
bevore a'tis quite clean and sheer a'gone out o 1 
sight, zure and zure, and double /ure, I will 
ne'er ax thee again, but go a solger, 1 and ne'er 
zee thee more. 

BET. Why thee wotten ? You only make- 
wise. You want go a solger ? (She drops her 
head and weeps.) 

RAB. Lock, lock, my precious! what dost 
cry vor ? 

BET. I'm a poor moody-hearted, timersome 
body, and you scare one zo. I'm in a strange 
quandary 2 If I'de no choice, I cou'd ha' no 
blame. If 1 zay iss I may be sorry, and if I 
zay no I may be sorry too ; but zure, Rab, you, 
who ne'er hurted man, woman, or cheeld in 
your born days, can't use me badly. 

RAB. Use thee badly ! No, Bet, as zoon 
wid I claw out my own eyes : I must be mazed 
indeed. 

BET. Come, pray now, dant'e make a game 
of a body, nor go on so vreach 3 ; but hear virst 
what I ha' to zay. You must know, Rab, that 

1 Soldier. 2 Difficulty. 3 Violently. 



36 



the leet money I had a' croop'd 1 up, I've a be 
shirk d~ out o' ; but it will ne'er goodee wi' they 
that did it it will dwindle away. I'll tell thee 
how I was a' choused. 

EAB. G-ood now, lovee, dant'e tell or think 
about it; us shall faggee well a' fine 3 without 
it. I can work, and I will work ; all my cark- 
ing 4 and caring wol be vor thee, and vor thee I 
could spend my heart's blood ; every thing 
shall be as thee wot ha' et. 

BET. Co, co, Eab, how you tell ! Why, 
dant e think I'm sich a ninny-hammer to desire 
it. If it's ordain'd I shall ha' thee, I wol try 
to make thee a good wife. I dan't lack to be 
cocker 'd. Hark ! dan't I hear the bell lower- 
ing 5 for eight o'clock ? Tis, as I live : I shall 
ha' et whan I come home. 

EAB. If I let thee go now, wot meet me 
here to-morrow, in the dimmet. 6 

BET. No : to-morrow morning, arter milk- 
ing time, I wol. 

EAB. Zure ? 

BET. Zure and zure : zo I wish thee a good 
neart. 

EAB. Good neart, my sweeting ; my dearee, 
good neart. 

1 Saved up. 4 Care, anxious solicitude. 

2 Tricked, cheated. 5 Tolling the Curfew. 

3 Do well in the end. 6 Twilight. 

END OF THE SECOND PART. 



DEVONSHIRE DIALECT. 



PART HI. 

EOBIN and BETTY. 

KAB. Where hast thee a' staid this longful 
time ? I thort thee wid never come. I've a' be 
lolling 'pon the gate, and playing 'pon the Jews- 
harp, to drill away the time. 

BET. I be vexed to the heart, Eab, to have 
made thee wait. Good now ! Measter hath so 
many fiddle-faddles, 'tis enew to make a body 
crazy : so many lets, that 'tis well I be a' come 
now. 'Tis a good hour's work to zarve he and 
the pigs. Than a' is always twitting a body 
about wan's dress. I did but clap on a clean 
towser, and a' zaid, " Thee hast a' be in haste 
to go ever zo long, and it thee can stay to 
prink 1 theezell out." 

1 Bedeck. 



EAB. Es ha' a fine day, and the zin Wast 
hath a' bro't out the little creatures Look ! 
zee the merry dancers ! 

BET. What dost mean ? 

EAB. Why, dostn't zee them flies how they 
hays, vigger in, cross over, 1 round tag, 2 and 
about they go. But what dost think of zeeing 
a butterfly, by now ? 

BET. Zure you didn't, did 'e ? 

EAB. Is zure ; and I'll tell thee the story of 
the butterfly and two little boys 

BET. That liv'd in a vinegar bottle ? 

EAB. No, pixy, no ; but pass'd while I was 
lolling 'pon the gate. The least o' the boys 
catch'd a butterfly, when the Pason come by 
and geed en a penny vor't, and let en go. The 
great boy cried " Half parts ; open thy hand, 
Tommy ; let's zee, is it a new King George ? " 
" There's no C upon en," zaid Tommy. "Come, 
Tommy, let es scorce 3 : I'll gee thee this great 
grammer's 4 pin, large enew to race 5 strawber- 
ries 'pon ; and I ha' at home a swinging 6 great 
apple, as yellow a$ gold, and so mealy, thee 
mayst brit 7 en thee shall ha' the virst bite o' 
en." "The virst bite o' en," quoth Tommy, 
" who's a fool, then ?" " Why then," zaid the 

1 Terms in dances. 4 Large. 

2 Children's play, all 5 String. 

standing in a ring. 6 Huge. 

3 Exchange. 7 Bruise. 



39 



big boy, "I'll gee thee a loady-nut 1 to boot." 
"No, zure," zaid Tommy, "you shan't slock 2 
away my penny, I'll carry en home to mammy." 
And away a' went ; the t'other yenning and 
truckling stones arter en, crying, "Along, cross- 
pot, 3 along ! Stand clear ! I'll be to mits way 
ye, wan of these days, zee if I bant, and if I 
don't bang ye well and soundly." The butter- 
fly hapt to come again and pitch : the boy 
catch'd en, jist as the Pason was coming back 
along ; zo the brat takes es long grammer's pin, 
and spitted the poor thing, and carried en, 
bivering, 4 to the Pason. The Pason called en a 
barbarous chat, 5 and geed en a good fump 6 in 
the back, stapt 7 'pon the butterfly, and went 
on. The boy stood still, digging his head : 
" Woundy 8 hard,'' a' zaid, " that wan should 
ha' a scute 9 vor what t'other should ha' a fump 
in the back vor.'' 

BET. A' was sarv'd in hes kind : good enew 
vor'n. 

EAB. But now to what I lack to tell about, 
my sweeting : shall us put in the banns next 
Zinday ? 

BET. I'm in a peck o' troubles about Dame. 

1 Double Nut. 6 A slap. 

2 Entice. 7 Stept. 

3 Ill-natured brat. 8 Very. 

4 Quivering. 9 Gift. 

5 Child. 



40 



Zure, Eab, I can't think of leaving her, it 
awhile. Wan that's always ailing lacketh 
zome tender-hearted body about her. What 
will her do whan I be ago ? Her's is a lone- 
some life. 

EAB. I've a huge kindness vor Dame, as 
well as you ; but think 'pon poor me too 
Zimmeth 1 her breaketh apace ? 

BET. Lack-a-day ! zo her hath, since the 
death of her leet boy. Her life was bound up 
in en. 'Twas a sweef boy. Whan a' was in 
arms a' was the prittiest chubby cheeld, and a' 
wid crow whan a' was chirpt to, and volks wid 
stop me to kiss en. 

EAB. 'Cause 'twas in your arms. 

BET. Is, to be zure ! 

EAB. Why, 'twas, now ! 

BET. Co ! zo they did whan a' was avoot. 
Well, 'twas a zweet babe, that 'twas ; and 'twas 
enew to overzet her. Whan a' was bad, a' was 
zo handyfast, 2 that a' widn't suffer her out o' es 
sight neart nor day ; and es constant cry was, 
" Mammy, mammy, where' s mammy ? " Whan 
a' zeed her wipe her eyes, a' zaid, " What doth 
mammy cry vor?" How it cut me to the 
heart to zee her whan a' died. " Sweet lamb," 
her zaid, " art thee dead ? Wilt thee never 
open thee eyes again?" Than her drowd her- 

1 It seems. 2 Holding fast. 



41 



sell upon her knees by the bedside, and vall'd 
upon her vace, vrith her arms stretch'd out. 
No belving 1 or hooting, nor did her make a 
preachment to the neighbours that com'd to 
zee her ; better her had I was a' gest her 
would pay for keeping it to herzell. Mercy, 
how her hath a' palled 2 when her hath come 
athort any of es playthings. Her hath had the 
grave freath'd 3 all round, and set in rosen and 
sweet harbs, and every trick and turn her steal- 
eth away to water 'em. I've a begg'd her, as 
if it was for an omes, 4 that her widn't do it. 
"Ah ! Bet," her zaid, "this, and all my other 
cares, will zoon be over." 

RAB. My heart is up in my mouth. How 
canst thee bare to live in zo much wishness 5 ? 
Dant e stay in't longer than needs must. Hast 
ye zaid ort to Dame ? 

BET. I aim'd to bring et out in a round 
about way, but was so bewilder'd I hardly 
know'd what I zaid. Her look'd up on me so 
pittis : " And zo, Bet," quoth her, " you be 
gwain to leave me ? I wish thee well to do, 
but I'll tell thee what, a married life is a life of 
trial, the best vend it so." "I trust," quoth I, 
"I shall ha' one that will ne'er curb me." 
"And dost think," her said, "it needeth no 

1 Bellowing. 4 Alms. 

2 Turned pale.. 5 Melancholy. 

3 Wattled. 



42 



care to keep on a sewent 1 pace in the right 
track, when the bridle is lereping 2 under voot?" 
Just then, in come Measter, looking zo gruff. 
He'd a' be eavesdropping, that's plain. "Jhan 
Hogg," her zaid, " es be gwain to loss Bet." 
" Zo be like," a' zaid, " much good may do 
thicka that finds her. He'll ha' a bone to pick, 
zay I zaid zo. Her looketh as thof butter 
widn't melt in her mouth, but cheese want 
choak her. A good riddance, zay I. Let her 
pack fardle, 3 bag and baggage. I don't care 
how zoon her was a' routed out o' my houze. 
Her hath a' feather'd her nest, and burnish 'd 
well a' fine since her com'd here. Now let her 
marry, and live out o' care, up to the knees in 
clover ; but, my life vor't, her' 11 find the odds 
o'nt. Winter and wedlock tames man and 
beast : get into Lob's Pound 4 : marry in haste, 
and repent at leisure : begin with ' dearly 
beloved,' and end with amazement." 

BAB. A son of a gun ! 

BET. I told en, " I hoped to make no more 
haste than good speed." " Hey," zays a, " how 
cock-a-hoop es be. Pray, Mrs. Dapper, dant'e 
reckon your chickens bevore they be hatch'd : 
many things happen between the cup and the 
lip, and thee may'st be left in the lurch, et, vor 



1 Even, smooth. 3 Bundle. 

2 Trailing. 4 A prison. See Johnson. 



43 



all I know, and vor all thee art so keen upon 
et. What, because Rab's father hath no chick 
nor cheeld but he, and hath a' croop'd up a 
little money, you cast 1 to ha' what a' hath. A' 
hath a' work'd hard and a' fared hard, and, my 
life vor't, will look 'pon his money twice, bevore 
he'll part way et in his lifetime. He's a strong, 
hale, old fellow ; and I trow thicka that looks 
vor dead men's shoes may go wet shod, if not 
bare voot." 

EAB. God be thank'd, a' is strong and hale. 
Why, a mooncalf, if a' wid wish me a mischief, 
it wid be that my vather meart die. Money es 
may get, but not another vather. 

BET. Why, good now : a' measures other 
volk's corn by es own peck. I can't think 
what's a' come to en ; a' is more ill-condition'd 
and frumpish 2 than ever a' was huffing and 
dinging all the day long. 

RAB. I'll be haugd if a' dothn't bear thee 
a bull's neck 3 vor what thee zaid to the old 
want- catcher. 

BET. I do but think how a' wid trounce me, 
if a' cou'd ha' any hank 4 upon me. What'e 
think a' zaid ? " That a couple o' brats, or a 
broken bone, wid make es as poor as church 
mees, 5 and bring es to the parish ; that it was a 

1 Look forward. 4 Handle. 

2 Brow beating. 5 Mice. 

3 A grudge. 



44 



ourning shame the law should suffer such as es 
to marry, and bring a charge upon the parish, 
rise the poor rates, and make such as he help 
to maintain 'em." 

RA.B. What doth a' mean by't ? I'll make 
en eat es words. He help to maintain es ? I 
ha' no patience. Let me tell en, we come of a 
better havage 1 than he did ; all our generations 
ware good livers, and justmen-holders, 2 and 
never beholding to the parish in their born 
days. Troth, I don't know, but they that live 
from hand to mouth, live more to their heart's 
content than he doth, a lubber, that's worth 
scores. Why, Bet, if es could ha' but a sheep's 
head and hange, 3 es should ha' the virst cut 
o'te. But how can'st take et ? 

BET. I dan't meend et a pin's point : vor- 
merly whan a' used to snap and sware at me, I 
used to cry like any thing ; but now I told en, 
flat and plain, that I didn't meend his flouts 
and his jeers, and that if et wasn't vor Dame, 
I'de as lieve go to-morrow as stay. " Oh ! is, 
to be zure, you clitch 4 to Dame like a cuckel- 
button, 5 and cruney 6 and crousley 7 way her, 
with your ' is zure,' and your ' no zure,' and 

1 Family, breed. 5 The burr, the flower 

2 Freeholders. of the burdock. 

3 The pluck, the pur- 6 Whine. 

tenance. 7 To court favour, to 

4 Stick. flatter. 



4* 

zitting her up against me ; but I'll ha' thee to 
know, thou make-bate, pick-thank 1 hussy, that 
a man o' eight-and-twenty pounds a-year, every 
voot his own land, and that pays vor every 
thing 'pon the nail, may have, any day o' the 
week, a better sarvant than such a noizy, 
chuckling, make-strife as thee art ; but I'll 
oust thee bevore a week's to an end, or I'll zee 
why zo ; and then I dare thee put thee voot 
aneest my door." I told en, as to the matter o' 
that a' needn't put hiszell in zich a fuss that 
I neer creept between the oak and the rind, or 
held with the hare and run with the hound, to 
curry favour ; vor, as I zaid bevore, I'd as lieve 
go as stay, if et wasn't vor poor Dame ; and 
that if a' led her zich a dogged life, and didn't 
turn over a new leaf, a' wid be zorry vor et 
whan et was too late. 

EAB. 'Ot did a' zay to that ? 

BET. Oh, a call'd me all that was to be 
call'd, but it went into one ear and out o' 
t'other. 

KAB. A purse-proud fellow : I can tell en 
you was so well a' bore, and better a' reared 
than he was ; and had your vather and mother 
a' lived, hadn't a' come to be his drudge, to be 
hounded 2 and scan'd 3 like a dog, and live like 
a toad under a harrow. Why dost bare et ? 

1 Tale-bearer or flat- 2 To hunt, to pursue, 
terer. 3 Scolded. 



46 



BET. Why, I thort to myzell, as a' was my 
Measter, I'de try to weather it out. "Tis but a 
little while, and when I'm ago I shall ne'er 
hanker to zit my voot over the drekstool o' his 
door again, I'll warnes ] ; if et wasn't vor Dame 
I never wid, but vor her I could lie down my 
life. 

EAB. But now, my deary, suppose thee lived 
near her, and could zee her every day : wan't 
that do ? Hast ort else to vorbid the banns ? 

BET. Why, to be zure, wan shou'd stay till 
wan had a' got the whereway, and not go into 
a houze with vour bare walls. ' Whan Poverty 
comes in to the doors,' they zay, 'Love fleeth 
out o' the winder.' 

BAB. I'll tell thee, my precious, what I ha.' 
My gonmer left me a pritty plat o' taty 2 ground, 
and household goods enow, if they hadn't a' be 
condidled 3 away, many that I ne'er saw, vel 
nor mark o' ; they ha' left me a special good 
oaken zittle 

BET. The back o' a zittle is a choice thing 
to steel 4 clothes 'pon. 

RAB. Let's zee : than I've a' got an iron 
porrige crock, a griddle, 5 a pair o' brandis, 6 a 
vire pan, a vender, a latin cup, zome doming 7 

1 Warrant. 5 Gridiron. 

2 Potatoe. 6 Three-cornered iron, 

3 Pilfered, taken slily to rest the kettle 

away. over the fire. 

4 Iron. 7 Earthenware. 



47 



porrige dishes, a gulamouth, 1 zome timber 
dishes, 2 a verkin, a trindle, 3 and zome very 
good knives, not a lipshod 4 in 'em. I've a good 
doust 5 bed-tye, 6 and a tester-bed, peel 7 and 
peel-bears, 8 a pair of canvas sheets bran 9 new, 
and a pair a leet seary, 10 and a banging brass 
kittle, that es may swap 11 for what goods es 
may lack. 

BET. My modicum is but forty shillings, 
coming to me vor wages, two silver 'postle 12 
spoons, my mother's amber necklace, and toad- 
stone 13 ring. What clothing I ha,' es coine 
honestly by, I han't a screed 14 to my back that 
isn't paid vor. I ne'er go to tick, 15 and 'ot I 
ha' will sarve for years, way a leet patching. 
Then, aunt Madge hath a' promis'd me a butt 16 
o' bees, whan I married, vor house-warming. 

EAB. Well, my chickabiddy, that's zome- 
thing. Many a little makes a mickle. 



1 Pitcher. 11 Exchange. 

2 Trenchers. 12 Spoons, the handles 

3 A large tub to salt bearing the figure 

meat in. of an apostle. 

4 Chip. See Glossary. 

5 Chaff. 13 A concretion, said to 

6 Bedtick. be found in the 

7 Pillows. head of a toad. 

8 Pillow-cases. 14 Scrip. 

9 Quite. 15 In debt. 
10 Thin or worn. 16 Hive. 



48 

BET. And ef es cou'd but hold to keep a 
cow, that wid be zomething ! 

EAB. Vather zaith es tet ha' 1 a cow o' he, 
and a main good one 'tis. 

BET. When tet ha' en 2 ? 

EAB. Es tet ha en 3 whan es marry. 

BET. Oh, tetta 4 ! Well than, we'll zee to 
raise the wind to buy a pig, if I score my 
'postle spoons. Than the milk I can't zell, and 
the waste taties, and a leet draft and gruel, will 
be choice to pop en away 5 and make en plim. 6 

EAB. Aye, I'll leave thee to meend the 
mean chance. 

BET. I shall try to keep the cart upon the 
wheels, and ha' an egg in the nist. 

EAB. And now, my sweeting, I can tell thee 
of a houze ready cut and dried. 

BET. What, Eidgeway's ? 

EAB. No, no : another lucker houze than 
that, where thee mayst yenn a stone to Dame's, 
and may'st zee her every day. What d'ye zay 
to G-onmer Munford's ? Thicka houze is to 
be let. 

BET. Oh, dear ! what d'ye tell o' ! Zure 
enow ? Well, that will be special. "Tis but a 
stap, as a body may zay, to Dame's. 



1 We shall. 4 Shall we ? 

2 Shall we have ? 5 Feed it quickly. 

3 We shall have. 6 Fat. 



49 



RAB. Come, we'll go and zee what plight 
the houze and garden be in. 

BET. Not now : to-morrow I shall ha' more 
time. Dear me, how I'me rejoic'd to think es 
may ha' thicka houze. I know every crick and 
cornder of et, by tale and by token. I shan't 
sleep to neart vor thinking o't. The prittest 
houze in the parish, vor the bigness o'en ; but I 
can't stay longer to tell about en. Good bye. 

RAB. Bye, bye, my sweeting. 



END OF THE THIRD PART. 



B 



DEVONSHIRE DIALECT. 



PART IV. 

BOBIN and BETTY. 

BAB. Here I be, looking hard vor thee ; gee 
me thee hand. 

BET. I think I shu'd know the way if I was 
a' mop't. 1 

BAB. Aye, Bet, es have a' gon et many a 
time together ; dont'e meend when you and I 
went to schule to the old 'oman ? I'm zure I 
do ; and I zeem'd thee was the prittest maid in 
the schule. Ha' you forgot how I used to call 
upon thee in a morning, thoffc 'twas out o' my 
way, and hand in hand es two leet things dug- 
gl'd 2 away wi' our dinner baskets ; and every 

1 Blind-folded. 2 Trudged. 



51 



ripe blackberry or nut I zeed in the hedge, I 
scrambl'd arter vor thee ? 

BET. Aye, I do : and do you meend the 
lamb's dallybones l you geed me ? I ha' them 
now this present time. 

BAB. And I, Bet, the little ha'penny box 
you geed me ! Look, zee, there 'tis. I always 
carry en about me. 

BET. Do you meend how glad es used to be 
if es cou'd pick up a sang 2 o' corn for Gonnier's 
hen? 

BAB. 'Twas a good zoul. I lov'd her dearly. 
I ne'er pass her grave without halting. If I'de 
a cheeld, I shou'd wish et to love me as I lov'd 
her. I often think of the stories her used to 
tell ; and of a zinshiny day her wid let us go 
out under the great tree, and her zit in the 
shade in the midst o' es. As zoon as es had 
the word, es tack'd 3 our hands, all up in arms, 
away to go ruging out the forms, 4 the toits, 5 
and crickets, and half a score tugging along 
her two-bow' d chair, 6 and plimming 7 up the 
cushion. Than, whan her begun the story of 
"Whittington and his Cat," or "Little Bed 
Biding Hood," or the "Children in the Wood," 
es was all a' gape. None squeak' d or budg'd. 

1 Trotter bones. 4 Long seats. 

2 A handful of ears 5 Hassocks. 

of corn. 6 Arm chair. 

3 Clapped. 7 Making soft and smooth. 



If you meend, all the good boys and girls come 
to good vortin at last, except poor Eed Riding 
Hood, and the Children in the Wood. Ever 
zince, zimmeth, I've a kindness for poor robins. 
Her heard me ziffing, whan her was telling the 
story, and call'd me to her, took my vace 
between her hands, kiss'd my brow, and zaid I 
was her brave boy. 

BET. What a pritty story her made of 
Joseph and hes Brothers : I coudn't help crying 
at et. 

EAB. Aye, Bet, they be days I shall never 
forget. How happy was es, when es cou'd rise 
a ha'penny, to drink sugar and water at the 
shet 1 o' holidays. 

BET. Aye, zure : and her, leaning over the 
hatch, look'd delighted to zee es, and wid 
always dole 2 out zomething a tetty 8 o' rosen, 
or ripe deberries, 4 christlings, 5 or mazzards, or 
crumplings. 6 But zee what a wilderness her 
pritty garden 's a' come to ! I mit her, full 
butt, 7 wan day, wi' a greep 8 o' white lilies, 
holding 'em out to arm's length : her zaid, 
" Solomon, in all his glory, was not array'd 
like one of these." Her had a power o' flowers, 
but I dan't zee head nor hair o' any now. 

1 Kunning water. 5 A small sort of plum. 

2 Give. 6 Stunted apples. 

3 Nosegay. 7 Suddenly. 

4 Gooseberries. 8 Bunch. 



53 



BAB. Her used to tell 1 to her flowers. 

BET. The last time her was in her garden 
I hapt to come to zee her, vor Dame was always 
ready to let me ; and a great loss Dame had 
when her died. Her was her bosom friend. 
But, as I was telling, I meet her here, and was 
struck all o' a heap 2 to zee her look zo pinikin 
and thirl, and her clothes hanging zo slaggit 3 
about her. " Now Gonmer," I zaid, " you ha' 
been weeding and mouling 4 in the earth : it 
isn't good vor 'e ; you don't look special ; it 
isn't the thing ; you shudn't mele way et." " If 
I am bereav'd o' my garden," quoth her, " I'm 
bereav'd o' the comfort o' my life. This is a 
delightful day : come, Bet, you shall go to my 
bank, under the honeysuckle, and zee my 
robin." Her took some gerts 5 out o' a little 
box, and the robin com'd and eat 'em out o' her 
hand. Her squat down upon the bank, and 
her put back her head, and made fast her eyes. 
" How delightsome," her zaid, " is the soft wind 
that blows 'pon my vace through the honey- 
Buckle ; and the zinging o' the bards, how glad- 
some ; the buzzing o' the vlies, and the hum- 
ming o' the bees. Every thing seems alive. I 
think I coudn't kill a spider if a' was to come 
in my way." 

1 Talk. 4 Digging. 

2 With surprise. 5 Groats. 

3 Loose. 



54 



BAB. Poor old zoul : I meend when it went 
against her to kill a muskel 1 or an oakweb. 2 
"I can't afford," her zaid, "you should eat 
what I've a' took pains to rear ;" and zo her 
yenn'd 'em over the hedge upon the common. 

BET. The cat was a' com' d out arter her, 
purring and wiping hersell, to and vro, in her 
apern. Her smooth'd her down, and zaid, 
" Poor Tib, who will take care o' thee when I 
be ago ? Thee hast ado all thy good deeds, 
and can't now shurt vor theezell. Will you, 
Bet, take care of old Tib ?" " Is, that I wol," 
said I ; and zo I have, and I gee a ha'penny a 
week, to this time, vor keeping her. "Well 
then," her zaid, " that's a' car'd vor. How 
glad I shu'd be if I cou'd leave thee my houze 
and garden : but, as that can't be, vor what I 
ha' dies wi' me, I can't help wishing zome tidy 
vitty body may live in en, that it meart'ent go 
to ruin. But why vor ? I shan't know nort 
o'te." 

BAB. Her made another gess place than her 
found ; and made the most of every crick and 
cornder. 

BET. Zo her zaid ; and the flower mores 
that creas'd 3 too much, her zet in the field, and 
prick'd out the toppings of rosen and jasmine 
in the hedges. 

1 Caterpillar. See 2 Cockchafer. 

Glossary. 3 Increased. 



55 



RAB. Her garden vound her in tea and 
physick, and her bees honey enew and to spare. 
Any body wanting honey, or stock-harbs, or 
peppermint- water, go to Gonmer Munford, you 
were sure to have et the virst words, as thof 
you did her a vavour in axing vor't. 

BET. " Do but zee, Bet," her zaid, " what a 
garden I've a' made." "I hope," zaid I, 
" you'll ha' many years to come in't." " Oh ! 
no, no Bet, I'm past the age of man ; I've zeed 
the parish go bevore me ; my time must come 
at last, and it wan't be long virst ; 'tis a debt 
can't be put off : I vend I break apace." And 
zo I zeem'd, but didn't tell her zo ; but zaid, 
" You ha' that comfort, you ha' liv'd a good 
life ; you've ado your best." " I can't boast," 
her zaid," who can zay 'I've ado. my best?' 
I've great hopes in my Saviour, and I'm not 
afeard to die." Her look'd very pinikin and 
hollow-eyed, and her nose was a' sharpen' d up. 
" Come, good now, G-cnmer, do ye go in : I be 
cruel zorry to zee 'e in such a way." I had 
much ado to heave her up. Her had no stroil 
to help herzell. Her legs crickl'd 1 under her, 
and her was panking and weezing for breath. 
I didn't leave her till I'de a' got zomebody to 
be wi' her ; but, good now, her didn't want 
attendance, it was who shu'd do most vor her. 

1 Gave way. 



56 

BAB. Hadn't her no relations ? 

BET. Is, is : her had cousins, well to pass, 
up the country ; but they ne'er troubled their 
meend to 'quire arter her. You've heard, no 
doubt, that her father was pason of this parish. 
He was an over good man, and liv'd to a great 
age. 

RAB. Her must a' be call'd an old 'oman 
when he died : and where could her go better ? 
Her lov'd the parish, and the parish lov'd her. 

BET. Lov'd her ? That they did. There 
wasn't a dry eye at her berrying. Zo, as I was 
zaying, I left her and went home ; and thicka 
neart I'de a voretoken 1 o' her death. My noze 
bost out a' bleeding without being het, 2 and I 
heard the death-watch. I got up at peep o' day, 
and vound her weezing vor life. " Oh ! G-on- 
mer," I zaid, " I be cruel zorry to zee ye zo 
bad." Her creem'd my hand. " I believe, you, 
Bet, it's a time I've long expected." Her than 
told me to teel 3 yender her bible; and when 
her had deliver'd en to me : " This," quoth her, 
" is the most precious thing I own ; take en as 
my legacy. In it you'll vind the title-deed to 
a glorious estate, and how to make the estate 
your own." The neighbours whisper' d, " Poor 
zoul, her's out o' her parts 4 : her's telling 



1 Warning. 3 Give. 

2 Struck. 4 Senses. 



57 



dwale. 1 I staid wi' her till milking time, and 
then I begg'd Dame to let me stay up wi' her 
thicka neart. That was her last : her was rest- 
less, moaning and telling to herzell. I ax'd 
her if I could do ort vor her ? Her look'd upon 
me, and zaid her wid be patient, " My Saviour 
and Maker zees me ; a step or two more and I 
shall be home." Then her turned, and snugg'd 
up her head in the piller : es zeem'd her was 
roating and zoggin, when, dear heart, her'd a' 
got the rattle. 2 

EAB. Come, dant'e zay no more about et, 
without thee casen't help crying zo. Think 
upon what's to come, and that thee mert be 
owner of the houze, the garden, the cat, and 
the great tree, which es hopes wan't be cut 
down in our time. 

BET. I hope zo, too ; vor I shu'd like to 
bring out my knitting work, or my spinning- 
turn, 3 and zit there, and then I mert happen to 
zee thee when you be to work. Dear heart ! 
what strange things come to pass. When I 
used to think how happy any body mert live in 
such a sweet place, I could ne'er ha' thort it 
wid come to my take, every thing zo handy : a 
pritty doming 4 oven, big enew to bake a batch 
o' brfead ; water at the shet jest by ; the thorn 

1 Incoherently. 3 Wheel. 

2 Noise in the throat that 4 Earthenware. 

precedes death. 



58 



hedge and garden, and the great tree. Poor 
zoul, her used to zit there, summer yevlings, to 
zee the volks come fro' market, and take in her 
arrants, 1 her had a' zent by 'em. Whan I used 
to rede a story-book of a pritty place, I thort it 
must be like this. 

BAB. A pritty place it was. I believe there 
wasn't a Christian zoul went up and down the 
lane but stopt to look at et, and the garden 
and her winder deck'd out wi' pots o' rosen. * I 
dare zay, Bet, you'll keep et as much in 
Pimlico 3 as her did. 

BET I can't zay as to the matter o' that ; 
but every thing shall be wholesome and clean. 
Good, now ! What does et go to a year ? 

EAB. I've a proffer'd 3 vive-and twenty shil- 
lings, and they stand vor thirty, and zay they 
wan't vang 4 less. I'm a guess they wan't let et 
under ; but, hang et, I wan't stand haggling 
and chaffering about et, but take et forthwith, 
and go about zitting in zome cole-plants and 
pot-harbs. There is two special stubberd 5 trees, 
vor making squab pies 6 and lamb's wool. 7 
Why, Bet, us shall ha' every thing rise on the 
zame ; and how comfortable 'twill be, arter es 

ha' been digging and delving all day, to be wel- 



1 Errands. 5 An apple so called. 

2 See Glossary. 6 See Glossary. 

3 Offered. 7 A drink made of ale 

4 Take. and roasted apples. 



59 

com'd home by thy sweet vace, to a chimbly 
cornder o' my own, and a houze as clean as a 
pick ? A hulch 1 o' dry bread with my dear Bet 
will be as good as roast meat. 

BET. Dry bread ! Es hope es shan't be zo 
hard a drove as that comes to. No, no : I'll 
shurt vor zomething better vor thy supper, if I 
make but a scrimp dinner ; and now and then 
es will ha' a viggy pudding on a Zinday. 

EAB. My deary, take care I don't eat thee. 

BET. Come, now, none of your high-ropes 
and rodomantades. Love me little and love me 
long, I zay. 

EAB. Bodikins ! Bet, I ween thee dostn't 
love me as I love thee. 

BET. I'll tell thee what, Bab, vor more than 
this half year there hasn't a day gone over my 
head, that I havn't wish'd or avear'd to zee 
thee. I don't know how et was, zimeth I'de 
always a tremor or a clay 2 upon me ; but now, 
vail back vail edge, 3 I'm fix'd, and I'm quite 
another thing. 

EAB. And I'm ready to flee over the moon : 
and now I'll tell thee, I've a ventur'd within 
an inch of my life, that thee mert take notice 
o' me. 

BET. Dear me, how than ? 

EAB. I can tell thee, by tale and by token : 

1 Slice. 2 Shiver. 3 Come what will. 



60 



by riding thickee fractious horse, and taking 
thicka roguish bull by the horns, at the bull- 
baiting, when everybody was afear'd to go 
neest en. 

BET. You make my blood rin cold ; I'm 
glad I wasn't there. 

BAB. I thort thee was, tho' I coudn't zee 
thee. Than, whan the Torridge was a' vroze 
over, and thee was milking t'other zide, I 
vetch'd a vedge, forzooth, and away I zlide, and 
stram-bang down I come with a rouze. 1 The 
ice geed way with a crack, and flump 2 zous'd I 
into the water. 

BET. I'm glad I didn't zee thee ; zo thee 
was finely douc'd. 3 How cou'd 'e be zo ventur- 
some? 

EAB. I only jarr'd my elbow, and scour'd* 
away home like a tail-pip'd dog. Well now, 
thanks be, these vagaries be over : and happy 
is the wooing that isn't long a doing. What 
doth zay, Bet, I must put in the banns next 
Zinday, shall 1 ? 

BET. If it must, it must ; but why zo hurri- 
some ? 

EAB. How shall I know if I be awake ? 

BET. Come, gee me my bucket. I've had a 
good spell. I wish thee a good neart ; I wish 



1 Force. 3 Wetted. 

2 To fall suddenly. 4 Ran away. 



61 



thee well home. Prithee take care o' thyzell, 
and dont'e stay out late ; pray now dont'e. 

RAB. 'Ot dost mean 'ot is it ? 

BET. I don't know how to tell thee. I han't 
a' be myzell since I've a inkling a" geed me, 
that Measter was gwain to get thee prest. 

RAB. Is that all? Thy measter may go 
whistle. A' shews his teeth, but a' can't bite 
Curst cows ha' short horns. A' had as good 
eat his nails, as think to meel wi' me. I know 
a' can't abide me, and there's no love lost. Es 
havn't a' be cater cousins 1 since last hay- 
harvest. 

BET. How zo, than ? But, dear heart, I 
can't stay to hear. I shall be scour' d 2 whan I 
come home, vor staying zo long. 

RAB. As good be hang'd vor an old sheep 
as vor a lamb. I'll tell thee how 'twas. Last 
hay-harvest, ,at drinking time, we was all zit- 
ting upon the hay-pokes, zinging the " Leather 
Bottle," when who shu'd pass by but an old fish 
jouder, 3 with a jackass and panniers. Hogg 
bawl'd out, " 'Ot fish hath her got do ye know 
ca.n ye tell will ye ax ? Rin zomebody, 
quick!" Away fagged I: "Here, you: you 
must come back ; thickee man," pointing to 
Hogg, " lacketh zome vish ; but he's very 
deeve, 4 and if you don't bawl en his ear, a* 

1 Good friends. 3 Fish huckster, 

2 Scolded. 4 Deaf. 



62 



can't hear what you zay." Back I rind to 
Hogg: "Her is as deeve as a haddock. Do 
try to make her hear, vor I can't." Away zat 
he to meet her : and the old trapes took her 
pipe out o' her mouth, nusled close up to his 
ear, and scream'd wi' all her might, and zo 
he to her ; zo it made 'em both jump. 

BET. It must a' be rare fan. 

RAB. " Wounds," cried Hogg, " the old toad 
hath crack'd the drum o' my ear rat her ! " 
"A toad?" a' yerr'd to en : "I zay toad, 
indeed ! Not zo much like one as thee art ! " 
" Get along," zays Hogg, " or I'll gee thee a 
dowse 1 in the chops." Her snatch'd the ass's 
halter, and away her went, maundering, calling 
es a pack o' low-lived lubbers, vor making game 
o' her ; vor es all laff'd till es blak'd. 2 

BET. No marvel, now, he shu'd owe thee a 
grudge. No, no : he wan't vorget et vor one 
while, take my word vor't. 

RAB. He may turn his buckle behind hia 
back, vor Rab. 

BET. I'm upon thorns ; once more good 
neart. 

RAB. Good neart, my sweeting, good neart ! 

1 Slap in the face. 2 Cried with laughter. 



THE END. 



GLOSSARY. 



A. 

Abew. Above 
? Akether. Forsooth 
V Aneest. Nigh 
9*J~ ._ Angle-twitcli, Blind- worm 
"*. . Antick. Wild gesticulation 
Aperns. Aprons 
Arrants. Errands 
Ax. Ask 



Backsevore. The hind part 
before 

Bam by. By and by 
Banged. Beat soundly 
Bard. Bird 

Basam. The red heath 
broom 

Bed-tye. Bed-tick 
Begayqed. Bewitched 



Belving. Bellowing 
Ben. Truth of it 

Beverage. A forfeit upon 
wearing a suit of new 
clothes 

Severing. Quivering 

Blaked. Cried with laugh- 
ter 

Blasting up his ees. Lifting 
up his eyes 

Blind mares. Nonsense 
Elooth. Blossom 
Blue. Bloom 
Blunk. Spark 
Bliinked. Snowed 
Bosky. Tipsy 
Bost. Burst 
Bot. Bought 

1'owerly. Handsome; of a 
certain size. Buirdly 
Scottish, for stoutly built. 

Braggadocia. Braggart 



64 



C 



Bran. Quite 

Brandis. A three-cornered 

iron, to rest the kettle 

over the fire 

Brinded. Spoken of ani- 
mals ; fierce, like a bull 

Brist. Small dust, prickles 
of furze, granulated earth 

Brit. Bruise 
Buddled. Suffocated 
Buldering. Sultry 
Bull's neck. A grudge 
Bush. Toss 
Butt. Hive 
Biitt. Suddenly 

C. 

Candle teening. Candle light 

Carking. Care, anxious so- 
licitude 

Cast. Looked forward 
Cat-handed. Awkward 

Cauch. Mess, a nasty mix- 
ture 

Chary. Careful 
Chat. Child 
Cherry. Ruddy 
Chewers. Jobs 
Chilbladders. Chilblains 

Christliny. A small sort of 
plum 

Cloggy. Glutinous, sticky 

Clapper-clawed. Tongue- 
beat, scolded 

Clay. Shiver 
Clit. Heavy 



Glitch. Mass ; stuck 

Earthenware 



Clovel. A large beam across 
the chimney in farm 
houses 

Clum. Paw or handle 

Co, fig's end. Poh ! non- 
sense 

Cob wall. Mud wall 
Cockle. Wrinkle 
Colting. Frolicking 

Condidled. Pilfered, slily 
taken away 

Conkable. Icicle 
Creased. Increased 
Creem. Squeeze 
Cricket. A three-legged 

stool 

Crickled. Gave way 
Crisimore. Little child 
Crock. Pot 
Crooped. Saved 
Grope. Creep 
Cross-over. Term in dances 
Cross -pot. Hl-natured brat 

Crousley. To court favour, 
to natter 

Crowbear. A place near 
Torrington 

Crowder. Fiddler 

Crowdling sokey. Timid 
creature 

Grub. Crust 

Cruel. Sad 

Grume. A little bit crumb 

Crumplings. Stunted apples 



65 



Cruney. Whine 
a 

Cryle. An exclamation 

Crymanias. Gracious 

Cuckle-button. The burr, 
. the flower of the burdock 

Curmugeon. Covetous fel- 
low 

D 



Daily-bones. Trotter bones 
Daps. Likeness 
Dashed. Daunted 
Ddvered. Withered 
Deberries. Gooseberries 
Dem. Hussy 
Dickins. An exclamation 
Dimmet. Twilight 

Dinging. Harping ; a cor- 
ruption of din 

Documentizing . Preaching 
or instruction 

Dole. Give 
Dorns. Door-posts 
Dough-cake. Half-witted 
Doust. Chaff 
Douted. Extinguished 
Drekstool. Threshold 
Dribbling rain. Small rain 
Drilling. Dawdling 
Dring. Squeeze 

Drumble drone. Humble 
bee, or drone 

Dugged. Draggled 
Duggle. Trudge 
Dump. A heavy sound 
Dwale. Incoherently 



Dwalling. Talking tediously 

E. 

Estetha'en. We shall have 
Eved. Thawed 
EveUngs. Evenings 

F. 

Faggee well a fine. Do well 
in the end 

Fardle. Bundle 
Flimzy. Thin, mean 
Flashed. Spilt 
Flush. Feathered 
Fob. Froth 
Forms. Long seats 
Foust. Tumbled or soiled 
Fraped. Drawn tight 
Freathed. Wattled 
frumpish. Brow beating 
Fulch. Beat or push 
Fump. A slap 

G. 

Galaganting. Large and 
awkward. Query, if from 
Garagantua, in Kabelais ? 

Gall. Vex 

Galled. Frightened 2 A '^ 

Gammet. Fun, sport 

Gapenests. Sights 

Gee. Give 

Gerts. Groats 

Gess. Sort 

Gingerly. Softly . 



66 






Glam. Sore 

Glidder. Water frozen on 
the ground 

GUnted. Looked askance 
Glittish. Cruel, savage 
Glumping. Sullen 

Glut. Had more than 
enough ; satiated. 

Gooded. Prospered 
Goodger. The devil 
Gook. Hang down 

Gonmer. Grandfather and 
grandmother ; but used 
also for any aged persons 

Gorbelly. Big-bellied 
Go'th. Goes 
Grabbled. Grapplod- * 

Grainee. Proud, ill-tem- 
pered 

Grammer's pin. Large pin 
Greep. Bunch. 
Griddle. Gridiron 
Grizzled. Langhed 

Grute. The earth from a 
mud wall. Grate, from 
the French crotte 

Gubby A posse, number 
Gubs. Go between 
Gulamouth. Pitcher 
Gulging. Drinking 
Gulk. Swallow 
Gushed. Scared 
Giuain. Going 

H. 

Hagaging. Passionate 
Haggy. Argue 



Hallaballoo. Noise, uproar 

Halseny. Guess or conjec- 
ture 

Handyfast. Holding fast 
Hank. Handle 

Hatch. Half-door of a cot- 
tage. 

Hatchet face. Ugly face, 
such as might be hewn 
out of a block by a hatch- 
et. Johnson 

Havage. Family, breed 

Hauch-a-mouth. To speak 
with a broad accent is, in 
Devonshire, called hauch- 
ing 

Head and henge. The pluck, 

the purtenance 
Healed. Covered y 
Het. Struck 
High-de-lows. Feastings 

and merry-makings 
High to instep. Carried 

herself haughtily 
Hoa. End, stop 
Hoss. Horse 

Hounded. Hunted, scolded 
Hove. Lifted 
Huffled. Wind not blowing 

steadily 
Hugeous heave up. A great 

piece of good fortune 

Hugger mugger. Clandes- 
tine 

Hulch. Slice 

Huldered. The wind blow- 
ing with violence and im- 
petuosity, like thunder 



67 



Hunks. Miser 
Huxens. Hocks, ankles 

I. 

Indel and oudel. In-doors 
and out-doors 

Inkling. Hint or informa- 
tion 

J - 



Jay He. An exclamation 
Jet. Push 

Jolter head. Blockhead 
Jouds. Rags 
Jouring. Scolding 
Juggling. Shaking 

Juggy iwvre. Bog or quag- 
mire 

Julk. Shake 

Junketing. Private enter- 
tainments 

Justmen-holders. Free- 
holders 

K. 

Keemy. Having a white 
creamy substance on it. 

Kerpt. Kept under 

Kibby. Chaps on the heels, 

or chilblains 
Kicketh. Stammers 

L. 

Lacked. Looked for 
Lacky. Stay 
Lade. Laden 
Laffed. Laughed 

Lamb's wool. Drink made 
of ale and roasted apples 



Lamming. Great 
Lamst. Lamed 
Lory. Empty or unladen 
Lattin cup. Tin cup 
Leach. Common way 

Leet rather. A little while 
ago 

Leet windle. A little Bed- 
wing, called in Switzer- 
land, Wintzel. Lyte is 
used by Chaucer for little 

Lereping. Trailing 
Lerrick. Chastise 
Lief. As soon 

Linney. A shed attached 
to another building 

Lip-shord (Lip-shodJ. Chip 
Loaded. Bloated 
Loady. High-dressed 
Loady nut. Double nut 

Lob's pound. A prison. 
See Johnson 

Longcripple. Viper 

Lowering. Tolling ; the 

Curfew 

Lowster. Bustle about 
Lucker. Sort or like 
Lye. Gone down 

M. 

Mace-Monday. "The first 
Monday after St. Anne's 
(July 26th) a feast is held 
at Newberry, in Berk- 
shire, the principal dishes 
being bacon and beans. 
In the course of the day 
a procession takes place ; 



68 



a cabbage is stuck on a 
pole, and carried instead 
of a mace, accompanied 
by similar substitutes for 
other emblems of civic 
dignity." Hence comes 
Mace-Monday. 

Every-Day Book. 

Make-Bates. Mischief mak- 
ers 

Make wise. Make believe 
Malkin. Wench ; a dirty 
woman 

Maundering. Grumbling 
Meel. Meddle 
Meend. Mind, remember 
Mees. Mice 

Mert, Heart, Meast. Might 
Michard. Micher ; a lazy 
loiterer 

Mickled. Choked 
Mift. Offended 

Mislee. To rain in small 

drops, like mist 
Mistree. Dim-sighted 
Mits. Even 
Mopt. Blindfold 
Mores. Roots 
Mart. Lard 
Mose. Moss 
MouUng. Digging 

Mumchance. A silent per- 
son, or one resolved not 
to speak 

i)_ Muskel. Caterpillar. MasJt 
is Swedish for this insect 
It is remarkable thai 
Linnaeus calls caterpillars 
larvae, that is mask 



N. 

Nearts. Nights 
Neest. Near 

Nestle draft. The last pig 

in the litter 
Nick'd en. Caught him at 

a lucky moment 
Niddick. Back of the neck 
Nitnpingangs. Boils 
Nort. Nothing 
Nort mert. Nothing might 
Nug. A bunch 

0. 

Oakweb. CockchafFer 

Odswinderakins. An excla- 
mation 

Omes. Alms 
Organ. Pennyroyal 
Orts. Fragments, refuse 

P. 

Palled. Turned pale 
Panking. Panting 
Parts. Senses 
Peart. Lively 
Peel. Pillow 
Peel-lears. Pillow-cases 
Pick-thank. Tale-bearer or 
flatterer 

Piepicked. Of different 
colours, as pie-bald 

Pig's loose. Pig's stye 
Pilin. Dust 



69 



Pimlico. " An expression 
supposed to be confined 
to Devonshire. Why the 
place in London is called 
Pimlico, I have never 
heard, nor can guess why 
the word was used to 
mean what it does. There 
is something quaint and 
mincing in the sound, to 
which perhaps it owes its 
use." Rev. J. Phillipps. 

Pindy. Mouldy 
Finikin. Delicate 
Pinsunlls. Whitlows 
Pirled. Flat 
Pittis. Sorrowful 
Pixy. Fairy 
Plancking. Floor 
Plashet. Quagmire 
Plid. Mire 
Ptimed. Swelled 
Plum. Light 
Plumming. Making soft 

and smooth 
Poaching. Swampy 
Poke. Gore ; to pierce with 

a horn 
Pomstering. Quackery 

Pop en away. Feed it 
quickly 

'Postle spoons. Called Apos- 
tle spoons, because the 
figures of the Twelve 
Apostles were chased or 
carved on the handles. 

Poughed. Poked 
. Power, A great number 
PKro. Fat ftlltl.u 



Prilled, or a-prilled. Spo- 
ken of beer, means some- 
what sour ; of a person, 
signifies a little offended 
or displeased 

Prink. Bedeck 
Proffered. Offered 
Pug gin end. Gable end 
Purt. Offended 

Purting glumpot. A sulky 
person 

Pucker. Fuss 

Q. 

Quailing. Fainting; being 
depressed 

Quandary. Difficulty 
Quarrils. Panes 
Quelstering. Hot 

Querking. Moaning, com- 
plaining 

R. 

Rabbit. An oath 

Rabscallion. A term of re- 
proach 

Race. String 

Ragamuffin. A term of re- 
proach 

Ragg'd. Chided, scolded 
Railed. Talked over 
Raked. Rose up in a hurry 
Raked up. Awoke from 

sleep 

Ranish. Ravenous 
Ranticomscour. Uproar 
Rare. Early 



70 



Rattles. Noise in the throat 

that precedes death 
Reamed. Stretched 

-*)xr<.i_ Reeping. Trailing on the 
ground 

Rid/mas. Holy - cross, or 
Boodmas-day, 14th Sep- 
tember. Rood means cross. 
" This festival had its be- 
ginning about the year 
615. On this occasion, 
Cosroes, king of Persia, 
had made great ravages 
in the Christian world, by 
the success of his arms ; 
and having plundered Je- 
rusalem, took away a 
great piece of the cross, 
which Helena had left 
there ; and at times of 
his mirth made sport of 
that and the Holy Trinity. 
Heracleus, the Emperor, 
giving him battle, defeat- 
ed the enemy, and reco- 

"* vered the cross, bringing 
it back triumphantly to 
Jerusalem, when he found 
the gates shut against 
him, and heard a voice 
from heaven, which told 
him that the King of 
kings did not enter that 
city in so stately a man- 
ner, but meek and lowly, 
riding upon an ass : with 
that the Emperor dis- 
mounted, and went into 
the city not only on foot, 
but barefooted, carrying 
in the wood of the cross 
himself. This honor done 
to the cross gave rise to 
the festival." Nicholson 
on the Common Prayer. 

Rind; Ban. 



Rigmerole. Bound about 
story. 

Rory tory. Tawdry 

Rochets. Little blue cloth 
cloaks. " The rochet was 
an antient garment, used 
by bishops. In the bar- 
barous Latinity it was 
called rochet, being deri- 
ved from the German 
word ruck, which signi- 
fies the back, as being a 
covering for that part of 
the body." Nicholson on 
the Common Prayer. 

Round tag. Children's play, 
all standing in a ring 

Rouse. With a great noise 
Routing. Snoring 
Rouzing. Blazing 
Rucked. Squatted 
Ruged. Put away hastily 

S. 

Sang. Handful of ears of 
corn 

Sort and fair totle. Soft 
and fair fool 

SCO.77. Scoff 

Scaned. Scolded 

Scarce. Exchange 

Scovy. Thin, uneven 

Screed. Scrip 

Scrimp. Short 

Scud. Shower 

Scute. A gift 

Seary. Thin or worn 

Set up thee back. Be angry 



71 



Shabbed. Sheered or stole 

off 
Shet. Running water 

Shewl - a - mouth. Shovel 
month 

Shirked. Tricked, cheated 

Shod. Spilt 

Shords. Sherds 

Shows. Prints or pictures 

Shrumping. Shrugging 

Shrumpt. Shrunk 

Shuckening. Shuffling 

Shug. Sly, angry 

Shurt. Shift 

Sift. Sighed 

Simathin. Liking, partiality 

Sissarary. Certiorari 

Skimish. Squeamish 

Skulking. To lurk in fear 

Slaggit. Loose 

Slammed. Shut with vio- 
lence 

Slat and scat. To throw 
things about in an ill tem- 
per, with violence. It 
means, also, to split and 
to give a slap : as to give 
.' a slat in the chaks,' is to 
give a smart blow in the 
face with the hand. 
" When Haldon has a slat, 
Ken ton beware of a scat." 
Haldon is a hill near Exe- 
ter, and Kenton a place 
not far from it. The pro- 
verb means, that when 
the hill has its head en- 
veloped in the clouds, the 
neighbourhood may soon 
expect a shower 



Slewed away. Gave way 

Slinking. Stealing ; creep 
slily 

Sliver. Slice 
Slock. To entice 
Slottering. Dirty, wet 

Smeeching. Making an of- 
fensive smell in the fire 

Sneving. Sneaking 
Solvege. Term of reproach 
Sontross. Term of reproach 
Sparables. Nails 

Spick and span new. Quite 
new ; first worn 

Spraged. Spotted 
Sprayed. Chapped 

Spuddling. Poking and 
raking 

Squab pie. Made of apples, 
onions, mutton, pepper, 
salt, and sugar. Receipt 
how to make it : 

" Pliillis ! lovely charmer, say 
Would'st them know th' unerring 

way, 

And with heart unfailing wish 
Made by thee the Coruish dish ? 

First, from bounteous Ceres' store, 
Walls erect of wheaten flour, 
Walls, of which the ample round 
Holds within a gulf profound ; 
Then, in parts minutely nice, 
Soft and fragrant apples slice; 
With its dainty flesh, the sheep, 
Next must swell the luscious heap ; 
Then the onion's sav'ry juice 
Sprinkle, not with hand profuse, 
Merely what may sting the eye, 
Not make charming Pliillis cry. 

These ingredients well disposed, 
And the summit fairly closed, 
Lives the epicure, whose heart 
Will not feel of love the smart ? 
If not for Pliillis' self, at least, 
For Phillis' pie, and Phillig' paste !" 

Daiiet Gilbert, Esq. 



72 



Squat. Squeezed 
Squeaked,. Spoke 
Squinches. Chinks 
Stagged, Stugg'd. Stuck 

Stand a -war. Out of the 
way 

Stann. Stand still 
Stapt. Stepped 
Stat. Stopped 
Steel. To iron 
Steeming. Turn 
Stewer. Dust 
Stewardly. Managing 
Stirridge. Commotion 
Stived. Starved ; shivering 
Slivering. Standing 
Strambang. Fling violently 
Stramming. Great 
Stratted. Splashed 
Strode. Threw 
Stroil. Strength 

Struck all of a heap. With 
surprise 

Stub, Portion, or sum of 
money 

Stubberd. Apple so called 
Stubbed. Healthy, strong 

Stumpt. Pressed the foot 
hard 

Stunpole. A thick-headed, 

stupid fellow 
Suent. Even, smooth 

Sun dance. " In some parts 
of Ireland the day before 
Easter-day is called ' Holy 
Saturday;' and about four 
o'clock the next day the 



people rise to see the sun 
dance, in honor of the re- 
surrection. This ignorant 
custom is not confined to 
the humble labourer and 
his family, but is scrupu- 
lously observed by many 
respectable and wealthy 
families, different mem- 
bers of whom I have heard 
assert positively, that they 
have seen the sun dance 
on Easter-day. The folly 
is kept up by the fact, that 
no one can view the sun 
steadily at any hour ; and 
those who choose to look 
at its reflection in the 
water, see it apparently 
move, as they would on 
any other day." M r.T. A. 
Every-Day Book. 

Brand points out an 
allusion to this vulgar no- 
tion, in an old ballad : 

" But, Dick, she dances such a 

way, 
No sun, upon an Easter-day, 

Is half so fine a sight." 

Etery-Day Book. 

Scott, in the first canto 
of the ' Lady of the Lake,' 
has the same idea : 

" The stag at eve had drank r, 

his fill, 
Where danced the moon on 

Mouan's rill." 

Swap. Exchange 

Swapping lunch. Large 
piece 

Swelter. Melt 
Swinging. Huge. 

T. 

Tacked. Clapped 
Tagster Bold-looking woman 



73 



Toilet. Hay-loft 

C Tansy. A strong- smelling 
plant 

Tantara. Disturbance 
Tantarabolus. The Devil 
Tamtarems. Vagaries 
Taring. Very 

Taterdemalion. A ragged 
dirty person 

Taty. Potatoe 

feel. Give 

Teeled. Set 

TeZZ. Talk 
. Teerid. Closed 
. Teen en. Light it 

Tet ha. We shall have 

Tet Jia'en ? Shall we have 
it? 

Tetta ? Shall we ? 
Tetty. Nosegay 
Thicka. That 
TUickee. This 
Thirl. Lean, thin, meagre 
. Ticfc. In debt 

Timber dishes. Trenchers 
Tingling. Sharp 

Toadstone. A concretion 
said to be found in the 
head of a toad. Shak- 
speare has a comparison 
in the opening of Act II. 
(As you like it) which 
aptly offers in support of 
the common opinion : 

" Sweet are the uses of adversity ; 
Which, like the toad, ugly and 

venomous, 
\Vtiirs yet a precious jewel in his 

head." 



Toits. Hassocks 

Tore. Broke 

Touser. A coarse apron 

Tozing. (Tp 1 pull or tumble 

Transmogrified. Metamor- r 

phosed 
Trapes. An idle, slatternly 

woman 
Trapping. Walking 

Trindle. A large tub to salt 
meat in 

Trouncing. Floundering? 
Try. Do 
Tuck. Slap 
Turjster. (Tagster) 
Turn. Wheel 

Turr. An expression used 
in driving pigs 

Tweedling. Wagging 
'J wine. Twist 

Two-lowed chair. Arm- 
chair 

U. 

Unraij. Undress 
V. 

Vady. Damp 

Vagging. Flapping 

Vail back vail cdye. Come 

what will 
Vailed. Fell 
Vang. Take 
Varden. Farthing 
Veased. Hurried, drove 
Vedgin>j. Sideling 
G 



74 



Vet. Fetch 


Weeny. Cry 


Vetched a vege. To retire a 


Wee-wow. Wrong 


few steps, in order to rush 
on with more violence 


Well a fine. To a good 




purpose 


Vinied. The green mould 
in cheese 


Well sosse. Well-a-day 


Virking. Teazing 


Whipped aside. Turned 
hastily aside 


Vitty. Neat 


Whister-clister. Box in the 


Foot. Foot 


ear 


Fore. Stand forward 


Widn't. Would not 


Voretoken. Warning 


Winders. Windows 


Vraped. Drawn tight 


Winding. Winnowing 


Vreach. Violently 


Wishness. Melancholy 


Vreath. A low hedge 


Witherly dolt. Clumsy 


Vrozzy. Nice thing 


persgn 




Woolgathering. Bewildered 


W. 


Woundy. Very 




Wraxling. Wrestling 


Wai. Tongue 




Waddled. Folded 


Y. 


Wattage. A lump 


Yenned. Threw 


Waiving. Rolling 


Yerred. Swore 


Wangery. Soft 


Yoky molekit. A yellow, 


Wants. Moles 


unhealthy-looking person 


Wop. Blow 


Youl. Howl 


Wapped. Slapped 




Ware. Whether 


Z. 


Wared. Wore 




Warnes. Warrant 


Zamzawed. Over-done 


Wassail. A liquor made of 


Zeed zom 'ot. Saw some- 
thin er 


apples, sugar, and ale ; 
figuratively, a drunken 


-""S 

Zeemed. Thought 


bout : 


Zimmetli. It seems 


" The king does wake to-night 
aud take his rouse, 


Zittle. Settle ; high-backed 
seat, common in farm 


Keeps wassail, and the swag- 


houses 


g'ring upspring reels." 
Shakspeare. 


Zogging. Same as dozing 



THE 



MR. DANIEL'S POEMS, 

6d. EACH, COMPBISB 

PICKINGS FROM MY PORTFOLIO, 

THE CORNISH THALIA. 

COMPANION TO DITTO. 

NEW BUDGET OF CORNISH POEMS. 

MIRTH FOR "ONE AND ALL." 

MUSE IN MOTLEY. 

MIRTH FOR LONG EVENINGS. 

HUMOROUS CORNISH LEGENDS. 

MARY ANNE'S EXPERIENCES. 

ALSO, 

DOLLY PENTREATH, BY TRENHAILE. 

A GREAT MINE CONFERENCE. 

TREGEAGLE OF DOZMARY POOL. 

A BUDGET OF CORNISH POEMS. 

RUSTIC POEMS, BY GEORGE HAMLYN. 

SOLD EVERYWHERE. 



WHY DOES YOIR HAIR FALL OFF ? 

For want of proper Nourishment & Stimulating Properties. 

WOODS' 

QUININE, CANTHAKADINE, & KOSEMAKY 



Supplies those deficiencies, and causes the Hair to grow on 
parts that have been bald for many years ; it is very cooling 
and refreshing in use ; it cleans the Head, and stimulates 
the roots, producing a luxuriant growth of Hair in an incre- 
dibly short space of time. Sold in Bottles, at 9d., Is. 6d., 
and 3s. 6d. each. 

WOODS' DANDRUFF POMADE, 

For removing Scurf or Dandruff, &c., &c. Never known 
to fail. This preparation should be used prior to the Hair 
Cream in all cases where dandruff exists. 

Sold in Pots, Is. and 2s. 6d. each. 

DO YOU WISH A GOOD SET OF TEETH ? 

White and Sound Teeth may be ensured by using 

WOODS' 

AREKA-NUT TOOTH PASTE, 

Which is the best and cheapest preparation yet discovered 
for preserving the Teeth, rendering them beautifully white 
by removing tartar &c. without injuring the enamel. It 
prevents tooth-ache, purifies the gums, and sweetens the 
breath, by imparting a most agreeable odour. 

Sold in Pots, 6d., Is., and 2s. 6d. each. 

SOLE PROPRIETOR, 



FAMILY AND DISPENSING CHEMIST, 



45, BEDFORD STREET, PLYMOUTH. 




May be had of all Chemists and Perfumers in the United 
Kingdom, through the following Wholesale Agents : 
London Messrs. BARCLAY & SONS, 95, Farringdon Street ; 
Mr. EDWARDS, Old Change. Exeter Mr. STONE ; Messrs. 
EVANS & Co. Plymouth W. WOODS, 45, Bedford Street. 



PE 
1873 
P3 
1869 



Palmer, Mary (Reynolds) 
Devonshire courtship 



PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE 
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY 



HHB9HHHB