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diary and correspondence of 
Samuel Pepys, esq^, f.r.s. 



DIARY 

AND 

CORRESPONDENCE 

op 

Samuel PppYs,Esa.,RR.s 

FROM HIS MS. CYPHER IN THE PEPYSIAN LIBRARY, 
WITH A LIFE AND NOTES BY 

RICHARD LORD BRAYBROOKE. 



DECIPHERED, WITH ADDITIONAL NOTES, BY 

REV. MYNORS BRIGHT, M.A., 

rRBSIDENT AND SENIOR FELLOW OF MAGDALENE COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGB. 



VOL. II. 

March i, i66i — October 14, 1662. 



NEW-YORK: 

DODD, MEAD & COMPANY. 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 

814474 A 

ASTOR. LENOX AND 

TILDEN FOUNDATIONS 

R 1936 L 



Quidquid agunt homines, votum, timor, ira, voluptas, 
Gaudia, discursus, nostri est farrago libelli. 
Et quando uberior vitiorum copia ? quando 
Major, avaritise patuit sinus ? 

Juv. Sat. i. 85-88. 

Corruption was universal. All offices were made subject of open 
traffic. Nothing could be done without a consideration, either, accord- 
ing to Forgard, received beforehand, as logice, a bribe, or after the 
good turn was done, as a gratification. . . . Such were " Good King 
Charles's golden days." 

If, quitting the broad path of history, we seek for minute informa- 
tion concerning ancient manners and customs, the progress of arts 
and sciences, and the various branches of antiquity, we have never 
seen a mine so rich as the volumes before us. The variety of Pepys's 
tastes and pursuits led him into almost every department of life. He 
was a man of business ; a man of information, if not of learning ; a 
man of taste; a man of whim; and, to a certain degree, a man of 
pleasure. He was a statesman, a bel esprit, a virtuoso, and a con- 
noisseur. His curiosity made him an unwearied as well as an univer- 
sal learner, and whatever he saw found its way into his tables. Thus 
his diary absolutely resembles the genial cauldrons at the wedding of 
Comacho, a souse into which was sure to bring forth at once abun- 
dance and variety of whatever could gratify the most eccentric appe- 
tite. — Quarterly Review. No. 66. 



PREFACE. 



Readers of Pepys's Diary will probably be inter- 
ested in the following particulars respecting the cipher 
and the publication of the Diary. 

"LORD GRENVILLE TO THE HON. AND REV. GEORGE 
NEVILLE, MASTER OF MAGDALENE COLLEGE, 

CAMBRIDGE. 

Dropmore, Aug. 28, 1818. 

"My Dear George, — When my brother quitted us for 

the Isle of "Wight, he left with me a MS. volume which you 

had put into his hands. I have a little smattering of the art 

of deciphering, and I was desirous to try my hand on this 

MS., which, if it could be made out, would, I was aware, on 

many accounts be extremely interesting ; and would just now, 

^^t could be published, form an excellent accompaniment 

^G Evelyn's delightful Diary. I am glad to say that I have 

j^ijcceeded to the utmost of my expectations, or rather much 

^>iJfeyond them. The character employed is a shorthand, not 

•i|ery different in principle from those in use now, or at least 

ggfchose which were in use when, as a law student, I practised 

shorthand. The writing is for the most part alphabetical 

(divided into words, which gives infinite facility for decipher* 



VI PREFACE. 

ing), but generally leaving out the vowels, and there is a large 
collection of arbitrary signs for terminations, particles, and 
words of very frequent occurrence, and some, though not near 
so numerous, for longer and less frequent words. The alpha- 
bet I have entirely mastered ; the second class of signs I have 
so in a great measure, and a considerable portion, though not 
nearly the whole, of the third, which, from the less frequence 
of its occurrence, is, of course, the more difficult to the 
decipherer. 

" But, as it is, I could already furnish you with a transcript 
of the first three or four pages, with a few hiatuses, and those 
easily supplied (or, at least, for the most part so) by conjecture, 
which I have no doubt a farther progress in the MS. would 
soon turn into certainty. But, having got so far as to make 
the task (I am confident) quite easy to any person who would 
set himself sturdily to it, I am unwilling to go further, because 
I have done all that is really useful, and I find the poring over 
these minute characters, though amusing enough, does no good 
to my eyes. 

"What I would recommend is, that on your return to 
Cambridge, which under the circumstances of this year must, 
I suppose, be in October, you should lose no time in finding 
out some man who, for the lucre of gain will sacrifice a few 
months to the labour of making a complete transcript of the 
whole, for which purpose I would furnish you with my alphabet 
and lists of arbitrary signs, and also with the transcript of the 
first three or four pages, and of some other passages taken 
casually here and there in the volume. I must not, I believe, 
see him to give him verbal instructions how to proceed further 
in deciphering the arbitrary marks, because it might not be 
right that he should know the MS. to have been in my posses- 



PREFACE, Vll 

sion. But any man of ordinary talent would, I am certain, by 
these helps, master the whole in the course of a week or ten 
days of steady application, provided his eyes are young and 
strong, and that he is willing to work them a little. 

" I hope there is no restraint that would prevent you from 
publishing the whole when thus transcribed, and I am anxious 
that you should lose no time in setting about it, because it will 
be much best done under your own inspection this year, when 
you must of necessity be so much on the spot.* If published, 
there is no doubt that the work would amply repay the expense 
of the transcript, for which I suppose you will make a specific 
bargain beforehand, after a few days' experience shall have 
enabled your decipherer to judge of the nature of the work. 

" But if publication be impossible, it would still be a great 
matter to have such a transcript in the College Library, and I 
would willingly bear my share in the cost of such a work, to 
which I am persuaded others would also readily contribute, 
and which, indeed, need not be large, as I can safely pronounce, 
judging by the little trouble which I have found in doing the 
most difficult part of the business. Let me know where and 
when I shall send the book and the alphabet, &c. If you could 
prevail upon yourself and Lady Charlotte to find this place 
between Wales and Cambridge, that would be best of all. 

" If no one else can or will undertake it, a professed short- 
hand writer would dispatch your volume in a week; but I 
should in your place prefer a Cambridge man, to work under 
your eye. 

" Ever yours, 

* As Vice-Chancellor. 



Viii PREFACE. 

With this assistance Mr. Smith (then an undergrad- 
uate of St. John's College, Cambridge) undertook the 
task of deciphering the whole of the " Diary " from 
the six closely-written volumes of the original short- 
hand MS. He commenced it in the spring of 1819, 
and completed it in April, 1822, having worked, as 
he says in a letter which was published in the " Illus- 
trated London News," March 27, 1858, for nearly 
three years at it, usually for twelve and fourteen hours 
a day. 

From this manuscript of Mr. Smith's, Lord Bray- 
brooke published in 1826 the first edition, with notes, 
of Pepys's Diary. A reprint appeared in 1828. In 
1848-9 Lord Braybrooke published an enlarged and 
revised edition, with additional notes, and in 1854 
appeared the fourth edition, the last one " revised and 
corrected " by Lord Braybrooke. 

In 1872 I learnt the cipher from a book in the 
Pepysian Library by Shelto7i, called " Tachy-graphy 
or short writing, the most easie, exact, and speedie." 
This was the dpher used by Pepys. There are copies 
of several editions of it still extant. A copy of an 
edition pubUshed in 1671, which I very much value, 
has lately been given me. With this help I have 
deciphered afresh the whole of the Diary. 

There is also in the Pepysian Library the account 



PREFACE, IX 

of Charles's escape, after the battle of Worcester, taken 
down in short-hand by Pepys from the King's own 
mouth, and written also by him in full. 

When Pepys wished to keep anything particularly 
concealed, he wrote his cipher, generally in French, 
sometimes in Latin, or Greek, or Spanish. This gave 
me a great deal of trouble. Afterwards he changed 
his plan and put in dummy letters. I was quite puz- 
zled at this, and was nearly giving up in despair the 
hope of finding out his device, but at last, by rejecting 
every other letter, I made out the words. It would 
have been better for Pepys 's credit if these passages 
could not have been deciphered, as all of them are 
quite unfit for publication. 

(M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 



March ist, i 6 60-61. After dinner Mr. Shepley 
and I in private talking about my Lord's intentions to 
go speedily into the country, but to what end we know 
not. We fear he is to go to sea with this fleet now 
preparing. But we wish that he could get his 4000/. 
per annum settled before he do go. To WTiitefryars, 
and saw " The Bondman " ^ acted ; an excellent play 
and well done. But above all that ever I saw, Better- 
ton do the Bondman the best. Sat up late, spending 
my thoughts how to get money to bear me out in my 
great expense at the Coronacion, against which all 
provide, and scaffolds setting up in every street. I 
had many designs in my head to get some, but know 
not which will take. 

2d. After dinner I went to the theatre, where I 
found so few people (which is strange, and the reason 
I did not know) that I went out again, and so to Sals- 
bury Court, where the house as full as could be ; and 
it seems it was a new play, " The Queen's Maske," ^ 

* By Massinger. 

2 «* Love's Mistress, or The Queen's Masque," by T. Heywood. 



2 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

wherein there are some good humours : among others, 
a good jeer to the old story of the Siege of Troy, 
making it to be a common country tale. But above 
all it was strange to see so little a boy as that was to 
act Cupid, which is one of the greatest parts in it. 

3rd (Lord's day). Mr. Woodcocke ^ preached at 
our church a very good sermon upon the imaginacions 
of the thoughts of man's heart being only evil. In 
the Abby all the afternoon. So to my Lord's, who 
come in late and tells us how news is come to-day of 
Mazarin's ^ being dead, which is very great news and 
of great consequence. I lay to-night with Mr. Shep- 
ley here, because of my Lord's going to-morrow. 

4th. My Lord went this morning on his journey to 
Hinchingbroke, Mr. Parker with him ; the chief busi- 
ness being to look over and determine how, and in 
what manner, his great work of building shall be done. 
Before his going he did give me some Jewells to keep 
for him, viz., that that the King of Sweden did give 
him, with the King's own picture in it, most excellent- 
ly done ; and a brave George, all of diamonds, and 
this with the greatest expressions of love and confi- 
dence that I could imagine or hope for, which is a 
very great joy to me. 

5th. I to the office, where Sir Williams both and I 

1 Thomas Woodcock, afterwards ejected from St. Andrew's, Undershaft. 

2 Cardinal Mazarin, after the death of Richelieu Prime Minister of 
Louis XIII., and continued in that office during the minority of Louis XIV. 
and the regency of Anne of Austria. He was afterwards obliged to leave the 
kingdom, but was restored to power, and died 27th February, 1660-61, aged 
59. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 3 

set about making an estimate of all the officers' sala- 
ries in ordinary in the Navy till lo o'clock at night. 
So home, and I with my head full of thoughts how to 
get a little present money, I eat a bit of bread and 
cheese, and so to bed. 

6th. At the office all the morning. At dinner Sir 
W. Batten came and took me and my wife to his 
house to dinner, my Lady being in the country, where 
we had a good Lenten dinner. After that home, 
thinking to have had Sir W. Batten, &c., to have eat 
a wigg ' at my house at night. But my Lady being 
come home out of the country ill by reason of much 
rain that has fallen lately, and the waters being very 
high, we could not, and so I home and to bed. 

7th. Met Spicer and a company more of my old 
acquaintance, and went into a place to drink some 
ale, and there we staid playing the fool till late, and 
so I home. At home met with ill news that my hopes 
of getting some money for the Charles were spoiled 
through Mr. Waith's perverseness, which did so vex 
me that I could not sleep at night. But I wrote a 
letter to him for him to take my money for me, and 
so with good words I thought to coy with him. To 
bed. 

8th. All the morning at the office. At noon Sir 
W. Batten, Col. Slingsby and I by coach to the Tower, 
to Sir John Robinson's,^ to dinner ; where great good 

^ Wigg, a kind of north country bun or tea-cake, still so called, to my 
knowledge, in Staffordshire. (M. B.) 
2 Lieutenant of that fortress. 



4 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

cheer. High company ; among others the Duchesse 
of Albemarle/ who is ever a plain homely dowdy. 
After dinner, to drink all the afternoon. Towards 
night the Duchesse and ladies went away. Then we 
set to it again till it was very late. And at last came 
in Sir WiUiam Wale,^ almost fuddled ; and because I 
was set between him and another, only to keep them 
from talking and spoiling the company (as we did to 
others), he fell out with the Lieutenant of the Tower; 
but with much ado we made him understand his error, 
and then all quiet. I was much contented to ride in 
such state into the Tower, and be received among 
such high company, while Mr. Mount, my Lady 
Duchess's gentleman usher, stood waiting at table, 
whom I ever thought a man so much above me in all 
respects ; also to hear the discourse of so many high 
Cavaliers of things past. It was a great content and 
joy to me. 

9th. To my Lord's, where we found him lately 
come from Hinchingbroke. I staid and dined with 
him. He took me aside, and asked me what the 
world spoke of the King's marriage. Which I an- 
swering as one that knew nothing, he enquired no 
further of me. But I do perceive by it that there is 
something in it that is ready to come out that the 
world knows not of yet. 

loth (Lord's day). Heard Mr. Mills in the morn- 
ing, a good sermon. Dined at home on a poor Lenten 

* See Feb. 12, 1659-60, note. 

2 Alderman and Colonel of the red regiment of Trainbands. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 5 

dinner of coleworts and bacon. In the afternoon again 
to church, and there heard one Castle, whom I knew 
of my year at Cambridge. He made a dull sermon. 

nth. After dinner I went to the theatre, and there 
saw *^ Love's Mistress " done by them, which I do not 
like in some things as well as their acting in Salsbury 
Court. At night home and found my wife come home, 
and she hath got her teeth new done by La Roche, 
and are indeed now pretty handsome, and I was much 
pleased with it. 

1 2th. To Guildhall, and there set my hand to the 
book before Colonel King for my sea pay, and blessed 
be God ! they have cast me at midshipman's pay, 
which do make my heart very glad. So home, and 
there had Sir W. Batten and my Lady and all their 
company to a collacion at my house till it was late, 
and so to bed. 

13th. Early up in the morning to read "The Sea- 
man's Grammar and Dictionary " I lately have got, 
which do please me exceeding well. 

14th. Dined with my Lord and Lady, and so with 
Mr. Creed to the Theatre, and there saw " King and 
no King," ^ well acted. Thence with him to the Cock 
ale house at Temple Bar. 

15th. This day my wife and Pall went to see my 
Lady Kingston, her brother's 2 lady.^ 



* By Beaumont and Fletcher. 

2 Balthazar St. Michel is the only brother of Mrs. Pepys mentioned in the 
Diary. 

3 This lady has not been identified. 



6 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

1 6th. To Whitefryers and saw "The Spanish Cu- 
rate," ^ in which I had no great content. So home 
and was very much troubled that Will, staid out late, 
and went to bed early, intending not to let him come 
in, but by and by he comes and I did let him in, and 
he did tell me that he was at Guildhall helping to pay 
off the seamen, and cast the books late. Which since 
I found to be true. 

17th (Lord's day). At church in the morning, a 
stranger preached a good honest and painfull 2 sermon. 
My wife and I dined upon a chine of beef at Sir W. 
Batten's, so to church again. Then to supper at Sir 
W. Batten's again, where my wife by chance fell down 
and hurt her knees exceedingly. 

1 8th. This morning early Sir W. Batten went to 
Rochester, where he expects to be chosen Parliament 
man. This day an ambassador from Florence was 
brought into the towne in state. Yesterday was said 
to be the day that the Princesse Henrietta was to 
marry the Duke d'Anjou^ in France. This day I 
found in the newes-booke that Roger Pepys is chosen 



* A comedy, by Beaumont and Fletcher, 

2 " Painful " is now feeling pain or inflicting it; it was once taking pains 
Many things would not be so " painful," in the present sense of the word, if 
they had been more " painful " in the earlier, as perhaps some sermons. 

" Within fourteen generations, the royal blood of the kings of Judah ran 
in the veins of plain Joseph, a painful carpenter." — Fuller, The Holy 
War, book v. chap. 29, 

" O the holiness of their living, and patn/ttlness of their preaching." — 
Id., The Holy State, book ii. chap. 6. Trench's Select Glossary. 
(M. B.) 

3 Who soon afterwards took the title of Orleans. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. J 

at Cambridge for the towne, the first place that we 
hear of to have made their choice yet. 

19th. We met at the office this morning about some 
particular business, and then Mr. Creed and I to White- 
Fryars, where we saw "The Bondman" acted most 
excellently, and though I have seen it often, yet I am 
every time more and more pleased with Betterton's 
action. 

20th. To White Hall to Mr. Coventry, where I did 
some business with him, and so with Sir W. Pen (who 
I found with Mr. Coventry teaching of him the map 
to understand Jamaica). The great talk of the towne 
is the strange election that the City of London made 
yesterday for Parliament-men ; viz. Fowke, Love, Jones, 

and ,^ men that are so far from being 

episcopall that they are thought to be Anabaptists; 
and chosen with a great deal of zeale, in spite of the 
other party that thought themselves very strong, calling 
out in the Hall, " No Bishops ! no Lord Bishops ! " 
It do make people to fear it may come to worse, by 
being an example to the country to do the same. 
And indeed the Bishops are so high, that very few do 
love them. 

2 1 St. Up very early, and to work and study in my 
chamber, and then to Whitehall, and at noon dined 
with my Lord, who was very merry, and after dinner 
we sang and fiddled a great deal. This day I saw 
the Florence Ambassador go to his audience, the 

* Sir W. Thompson was the fourth member. 



8 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

weather very foule, and yet he and his company very 
gallant. 

22nd. About eight I got a horse-back, and my 
Lady and her two daughters, and Sir W. Pen into 
coach, and so over London Bridge, and thence to 
Dartford. The day very pleasant, though the way 
bad. Here we met with Sir W. Batten, and some 
company along with him, who had assisted him in his 
election at Rochester ; and so we dined and were very 
merry. At 5 o'clock we set out again in a coach 
home, and were very merry all the way. At Deptford 
we met with Mr. Newborne, and some other friends 
and their wives in a coach to meet us, and so they 
went home with us, and at Sir W. Batten's we supped, 
and thence to bed, my head akeing ^ mightily through 
the wine that I drank to-day. 

23d. To the Red Bull ^ (where I had not been 
since plays come up again) up to the tireing-room, 
where strange the confusion and disorder that there 
is among them in fitting themselves, especially here, 
where the clothes are very poore, and the actors but 
common fellows. At last into the pitt, where I think 
there was not above ten more than myself, and not 



* So Pepys invariably writes the word in full, it is hardly ever written in 
cipher. (M. B.) 

2 The Red Bull was in St. John's Street, Clerkenwell; but of an inferior 
rank to the Globe and Blackfriars Theatres, and is described as 
" that degenerate stage. 



Where none of the unturn'd kennel can rehearse 
A line of serious sense." 



See anie^ 4th August, 1660. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 9 

one hundred in the whole house. And the play, 
which is called " All's lost by Lust/' ' poorly done ; 
and with so much disorder, among others, that in the 
musique-room the boy that was to sing a song, not 
singing it right, his master fell about his eares and 
beat him so, that it put the whole house in an uprore. 
Thence homewards, and at the Mitre met my uncle 
Wight, and with him Lieut.-Col. Baron,^ who told us 
how Crofton,3 the great Presbyterian minister that had 
lately preached so highly against Bishops, is clapped 
up this day into the Tower. Which do please some, 
and displease others exceedingly. 

24th (Lord's day) . My wife and I to church, and 
then home with Sir W. Batten and my Lady to dinner, 
where very merry, and then to church again, where 
Mr. Mills made a good sermon. 

25th (Lady day). This morning came workmen to 
begin the making of me a new pair of stairs up out 
of my parler, which, with other work that I have to 
do, I doubt will keep me this two months and so long 
I shall be all in dirt ; but the work do please me very 
well. After dinner comes Mr. Salisbury to see me, 
and shewed me a face or two of his paynting, and 



^ A Tragedy, by W. Rowley. 

2 Probably Argal Baron, of Croydon, Lieutenant-Governor of Windsor 
Castle, and said to have been a distinguished Royalist. 

3 Zachary Crofton, ejected from the curacy of St. Botolph's, Aldgate, for 
non-conformity. He was a native of Ireland; and, according to Baxter, a 
quick and warm, but upright man. He was set at liberty after a long confine- 
ment, and again imprisoned in Cheshire; and, at length, returning to London, 
kept a school in Aldgate parish till his death. 



10 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

indeed I perceive that he will be a great master. I 
took him to Whitehall with me by water, but he would 
not by any means be moved to go through bridge, 
and so we were fain to go round by the Old Swan. 
To my Lord's and there I shewed him the King's 
picture, which he intends to copy out in little. After 
that I and Captain Ferrers to Salisbury Court by 
water, and saw part of the " Queene's Maske." Then 
I to Mrs. Turner, The: Turner being in a great chafe, 
about being disappointed of a room to stand in at 
the Coronacion. So homewards and took up a boy 
that had a lanthome, that was picking up of rags, and 
got him to light me home, and had great discourse 
with him how he could get sometimes three or four 
bushells of rags in a day, and got 3^. a bushell for 
them, and many other discourses, what and how many 
ways there are for poor children to get their livings 
honestly. 

26th. Up early to do business in my study. This 
is my great day that three years ago I was cut of the 
stone, and, blessed be God, I do yet find myself very 
free from pain again. To my father's, where Mrs. 
Turner, The., Joyce, Mr. Morrice, Mr. Armiger, Mr. 
Pierce, the surgeon, and his wife, my father and 
mother, and myself and my wife. Very merry at din- 
ner; among other things, because Mrs. Turner and 
her company eat no flesh at all this Lent, and I had 
a great deal of good flesh which made their mouths 
water. I and my wife to Salisbury Court, and sat in 
the pitt, and saw " The Bondman " done to admiration. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. II 

27th. Up early. My brother Tom comes to me, 
and I looked over my old clothes and did give him 
a suit of black stuff clothes and a hat and some shoes. 
At the office all the morning, where Sir G. Carteret 
comes, and there I did get him to promise me some 
money upon a bill of exchange, whereby I shall 
secure myself of 60/. At noon I found my stairs 
quite broke down, that I could not get up but by a 
ladder. To the Dolphin to a dinner of Mr. Harris's, 
where Sir Williams both and my Lady Batten, ' and 
her two daughters, and other company, where a great 
deal of mirth, and there staid till 1 1 o'clock at night ; 
and in our mirth I sang and sometimes fiddled (there 
being a noise ^ of fiddlers there), and at last we fell 
to dancing, the first time that ever I did in my life, 
which I did wonder to see myself to do. At last we 
made Mingo, Sir W. Batten's black, and Jack, Sir W. 
Pen's, dance, and it was strange how the first did 
dance with a great deal of seeming skill. 

28th. I went to Sir Robert Slingsby (he being 
newly maister of that title by being made a Baronett) 



^ See ante, Nov. 26, 1660. 

2 Noise, a set or company of musiciaxis, usually of three, named from the 
chief performer. 

Shakespeare: " And see if thou canst find Sneak's noise : Mistress Tear- 
sheet would fain hear some music." 2 Henry IV., act ii. sc. 4. 

Ben Jonson: " The king has his noise of gypsies, as well as of bearwards 
and other minstrels." Masque of Gypsies, vol. vi. p. 102. 

In the sense of a concert. See Psalm xlvii. 5. '* God is gone up with a 
merry noise, and the Lord with the sound of a trump." 

So noised, played or accompanied with music. (M. B.) 

See May 7, i66o, note. 



12 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

to discourse about Mr. Creed's accounts to be made 
up, and from thence by coach to my cozen Thomas 
Pepys, to borrow looo/. for my Lord. Then with Mr. 
Shepley to the Theatre and saw " Rollo " ^ ill acted. 
That done to drink a cup of ale and so home, where 
I found a great deal of work done to-day, and also 
70/. paid me, so that, my heart in great content, I 
went to bed. 

29th. To the office, where I found Sir W. Pen sent 
down yesterday to Chatham to get two great ships 
in readiness presendy 2 to go to the East Indies upon 
some design against the Dutch, we think, at Goa, but 
it is a great secret yet. 

30th. At the office we and Sir W. Rider to advise 
what sort of provisions to get ready for these ships 
going to the Indies. 

31st (Sunday). At church, where a stranger 
preached like a fool. Dined v/ith my wife, she stay- 
ing at home, being unwilling to dress herself, the 
house being all dirty. To church again, and after 
sermon I walked to my father's, and to Mr. Turner's, 
where I could not woo The. to give me a lesson upon 
the harpsicon, and was angry at it. So home and 
finding Will abroad at Sir W. Batten's talking with 
the people there (Sir W. and my Lady being in the 



* " RoIIo, Duke of Normandy," by John Fletcher, 

* Presently t immediately. Shakespeare — 

" Therefore, I pray you, stand not to discourse. 
But mount you presently." 

Two Gentle7nen of Verona, act v. sc. i. (M. E.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 1 3 

country), I took occasion to be angry with him, and 
so to prayers and to bed. 

April I St. This day my waiting at the Privy Scale 
comes in again. To Whitefryars, and there saw part 
of " Rule a wife and have a wife," ^ which I never saw 
before, but do not like it. So to my father, and there 
finding a discontent between my father and mother 
about the mayde (which my father likes and my 
mother dislikes), I staid till 10 at night, persuading 
my mother to understand herself, and that in some 
high words, which I was sorry for, but she is gro\vn, 
poor woman, very froward. So leaving them in the 
same discontent I went away home, it being a brave 
moonshine, and to bed. 

2d. To St. James's Park, where I saw the Duke of 
York playing at Pelemele,^ the first time that ever I 
saw the sport. Then to my Lord's, where I dined 
with my Lady, and after we had dined in comes my 
Lord and Ned Pickering hungry, and there was not a 
bit of meat left in the house, the servants having eat 
up all, at which my Lord was very angry, and at last 

1 By John Fletcher. 

2 "A Pele Mele was made at the further end of St. James's Park, which 
was made for His Majesty to play, being a very princely play." — RuGGE, 
It is derived from paille viaille, French ; at which word Cotgrave thus de- 
scribes the game : — "A game, wherein a round box bowle is with a mallet 
struck through a high arch of iron (standing, at either end of an alley, one), 
which he that can do at the fewest blows, or at the number agreed on, wins." 
In France, it was the common appellation of those places where the game was 
practised. " As soon as the weather and my leisure permit, you shall have 
the account you desire of our Paille-Mailes, which are now only three, — 
viz., the Thuilleries, the Palais Royal, and the Arsenal." — Letter of Sir 
Richard Browne t Addit. MSS. No. 15,857, fol. 149, in British Museum. 



14 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

got something dressed. Then to the Privy Seale, and 
so to White-fryars and saw " The Little Thiefe," ^ 
which is a very merry and pretty play, and the little 
boy do very well. Then to the Dolphin to Sir W. 
Batten, and Pen, and other company ; among others 
Mr. Delabar ; where strange how these men, who at 
other times are all wise men, do now, in their drink, 
betwitt 2 and reproach one another with their former 
conditions, and their actions as in public concern- 
ments, till I was ashamed to see it. 

3rd. Up among my workmen, my head akeing all 
day from last night's debauch. To the office all the 
morning, and at noon dined with Sir W. Batten and 
Pen, who would needs have me drink two drafts of 
sack to-day to cure me of last night's disease,^ which 
I thought strange but I think find it true. I hear that 
the Dutch have sent the King a great present of 
money, which we think will stop the match with Port- 
ugal; and judge this to be the reason that our so 
great haste in sending the two ships to the East Indys 
is also stayed. 

4th. After dinner I went into my Lord and there 
we had a great deal of musique, and then came my 
cozen Tom Pepys and there did accept of the securi- 
ty which we gave him for his 1000/. that we borrow of 
him, and so the money to be paid next week. 

5 th. Up among my workmen and so to the office, 



1 " Night Walker, or Little Thief," by John Fletcher and James Shirley. 

^ To upbraid. 

3 Hence the proverb, " Take a hair of the dog that bit you." 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 5 

and then to Sir W. Pen's with the other Sir WilKam 
and Sir John Lawson to dinner, and after that, with 
them to Mr. Lucy's, a merchant, where much good 
company, and there drank a great deal of wine, and 
in discourse fell to talk of the weight of people, which 
did occasion some wagers, and where, among others, 
I won half a piece to be spent. Then home, and at 
night to Sir W. Batten's, and there very merry with a 
good barrell of oysters, and this is the present life I 
lead. Home and to bed. 

6th. To Whitehall, and there at Privy Scale and 
elsewhere did business, and among other things met 
with Mr. Townsend, who told of his mistake the other 
day, to put both his legs through one of his knees of 
his breeches, and went so all day. Then with Mr. 
Creed and Moore to the Leg in the Palace to dinner 
which I gave them, and after dinner I saw the girle of 
the house, being very pretty, go into a chamber, and 
I went in after her and kissed her. Then by water, 
Creed and I, to Salisbury Court and there saw " Love's 
Quarrell " acted the first time, but I do not like the 
design or words. 

7th (Lord's day). All the morning at home, mak- 
ing up my accounts (God forgive me ! ) to give up to 
my Lord this afternoon. Then put in at Paul's, where 
I saw our minister, Mr. Mills, preaching before my 
Lord Mayor. So to White Hall, and there I met with 
Dr. Fuller I of Twickenham, newly come from Ire- 

I William Fuller, of Magdalene Hall, Oxford, was a schoolmaster at 
Twickenham during the Rebellion ; and at the Restoration became Dean of 



1 6 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

land; and took him to my Lord's, where he and I 
dined; and he did give my Lord and me a good 
account of the condition of Ireland, and how it 
come to pass, through the joyning of the Fanatiques 
and the Presbyterians, that the latter and the former 
are in their declaration put together under the names 
of Fanatiques. After dinner, my Lord and I and Mr. 
Shepley did look over our accounts and settle matters 
of money between us ; and my Lord did tell me much 
of his mind about getting money and other things of 
his family, &c. 

8th. Up early, my Lady Batten knocking at her 
door that comes into one of my chambers. I did 
give directions to my people and workmen, and so 
about 8 o'clock we took barge at the Tower, Sir Wil- 
liam Batten and his lady, Mrs. Turner, Mr. Fowler 
and I. A very pleasant passage and so to Gravesend, 
where we dined, and from thence a coach took them 
and me, and Mr. Fowler with some others came from 
Rochester to meet us, on horseback. At Rochester, 
where alight at Mr. Alcock's and there drank and had 
good sport, with his bringing out so many sorts of 
cheese. Then to the Hill-house at Chatham, where I 
never was before, and I found a pretty pleasant house 
and am pleased with the armes that hang up there. 
Here we supped very merry, and late to bed ; Sir 
William telling me that old Edgeborrow, his prede- 
cessor, did die and walk in my chamber, did make 

St. Patrick's ; and in 1663, Bishop of Limerick ; and in 1667 was translated 
to Lincoln. Ob. 1675. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1/ 

me somewhat afeard, but not so much as for mirth's 
sake I did seem. So to bed in the treasurer's chamber. 
9th. And lay and slept well till 3 in the morning, 
and then waking, and by the light of the moon I saw 
my pillow (which overnight I flung from me) stand 
upright, but not bethinking myself what it might be, 
I was a Httle afeard, but sleep overcame all and so 
lay till high morning, at which time I had a candle 
brought me and a good fire made, and in general it 
was a great pleasure all the time I staid here to see 
how I am respected and honoured by all people ; and 
I find that I begin to know now how to receive so 
much reverence, which at the beginning I could not 
tell how to do. Sir William and I by coach to the 
docke and there viewed all the storehouses and the 
old goods that are this day to be sold, which was great 
pleasure to me, and so back again by coach home, 
where we had a good dinner, and among other stran- 
gers that come, there was Mr. Hempson and his wife, 
a pretty woman, and speaks Latin ; Mr. Allen and two 
daughters of his, both very tall and the youngest » 
very handsome, so much as I could not forbear to 
love her exceedingly, having, among other things, the 
best hand that ever I saw. After dinner, we went to 
fit books and things (Tom Hater being this morning 
come to us) for the sale, by an inch of candle, and 
very good sport we and the ladies that stood by had, 
to see the people bid. Among other things sold 

^ Rebecca, who afterwards married Lieutenant Jewkes. See " Diary," 

ist April, 1667. 



1 8 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

there was all the State's armes,' which Sir W. Batten 
bought; intending to set up some of the images in 
his garden, and the rest to burn on the Coronacion 
night. The sale being done, the ladies and I and 
Captain Pett and Mr. Castle took barge and down we 
went to see the Sovereigne, which we did, taking great 
pleasure therein, singing all the way, and, among other 
pleasures I put my Lady, Mrs. Turner, Mrs. Hemp- 
son, and the two Mrs. Aliens into the lanthom and I 
went in and kissed them, demanding it as a fee due 
to a principall officer, with all which we were exceed- 
ing merry, and drunk some bottles of wine and neat's 
tongue, &c. Then back again home and so supped, 
and after much mirth to-bed. 

loth. In the morning to see the Dockhouses. 
First, Mr. Pett's, the builder, and there was very 
kindly received, and among other things he did offer 
my Lady Batten a parrot, the best I ever saw, that 
knew Mingo so soon as it saw him, having been bred 
formerly in the house with them ; but for talking and 
singing I never heard the hke. My Lady did accept 
of it. Then to see Commissioner Pett's house, he 
and his family being absent, and here I wondered 
how my Lady Batten walked up and do^vn with envi- 
ous looks to see how neat and rich everything is (and 
indeed both the house and garden is most hand- 
some), saying that she would get it, for it belonged 
formerly to the Surveyor of the Navy. Then on 

' /. e.s Coats of arms. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 1 9 

board the Prince, now in the docke, and indeed it has 
one and no more rich cabins for carved work, but no 
gold in her. After that back home, and there eat a 
Httle dinner. Then to Rochester, and there saw the 
Cathedrall, which is now fitting for use, and the organ 
then a- tuning. Then away thence, observing the great 
doors of the church, which, they say, was covered 
with the skins of the Danes, ^ and also had much 
mirth at a tomb, on which was " Come sweet Jesu," 
and I read " Come sweet Mall," &c., at which Cap- 
tain Pett and I had much laughter. So to the 
Salutacione taverne, where Mr. Alcock and many of 
the towne came and entertained us with wine and 



^ Traditions similar to that at Rochester, here alluded to, are to be found 
in other places in England. Sir Harry Englefield, in a communication made 
to the Society of Antiquaries, July 2, 1789, called their attention to the curi- 
ous popular tale preserved in the village of Hadstock, Essex, that the door 
of the church had been covered with the skin of a Danish pirate, who had 
plundered the church. At Copford, in the same county, Sir Harry remarked 
that an exactly similar tradition existed. At Worcester, likewise, it was 
asserted that the north doors of the cathedral had been covered with the skin 
of a person who had sacrilegiously robbed the high altar. The doors have 
been renewed, but the original woodwork remains in the crypt, and portions 
of skin may still be seen under the ironwork, with which the doors are 
clamped. The date of these doors appears to be the latter part of the four- 
teenth century, the north porch having been built about 1385. Portions of 
this supposed human skin, from each of the three places above mentioned, 
have recently been obtained, and submitted to one of our most skilful com- 
parative anatomists, Mr. John Quequett, the Curator of the Museum of the 
College of Surgeons, who, by the aid of a powerful microscope, has ascer- 
tained, beyond question, that in each of the three cases the skin is human ; 
and that, in the instance of Hadstock, it was the skin of a fair-haired person, — 
a fact consistent with the tale of its Danish origin. A portion of the Worces- 
ter skin is to be found in the collection of Worcestershire curiosities, be- 
queathed by Dr. Prattinton to the Society of Antiquaries. — Communicated 
by Albert Way, Esq., F.S.A. See also the Appendix for further particulars. 



20 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

oysters and other things, and hither come Sir John 
Minnes to us, who is come to-day to see " the Hen- 
ery," in which he intends to ride as Vice- Admiral in 
narrow seas all this summer. Here much mirth, but 
I was a little troubled to stay too long, because of 
going to Hempson's, which afterwards we did, and 
found it in all things a most pretty house, and rarely 
furnished, only it had a most ill accesse on all sides to 
it, which is a greatest fault that I think can be in a 
house. Here we had, for my sake, two fiddles, the 
one a base viall, on which he that played, played well 
some lyra lessons, but both together made the worst 
musique that ever I heard. We had a fine collacion, 
but I took little pleasure in that, for the illness of the 
musique and for the intentnesse of my mind upon 
Mrs. Rebecca Allen. After we had done eating, the 
ladies went to dance, and among the men we had, I 
was forced to dance too ; and did make an ugly shift. 
Mrs. R. Allen danced very well, and seems the best 
humoured woman that ever I saw. About 9 o'clock 
Sir William and my Lady went home, and we contin- 
ued dancing an houre or two, and so broke up very 
pleasant and merry, and so walked home, I leading 
Mrs. Rebecca, who seemed, I know not why, in that 
and other things, to be desirous of my favours and 
would in all things show me respects. Going home, 
she would needs have me sing, and I did pretty well 
and was highly esteemed by them. So to Captain 
Allen's (where we were last night, and heard him play 
on the harpsicon, and I find him to be a perfect good 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 21 

musician), and there, having no mind to leave Mrs. 
Rebecca, what with talk and singing (her father and I), 
Mrs. Turner and I staid there till 2 o'clock in the 
morning and was most exceeding merry, and I had the 
opportunity of kissing Mrs. Rebecca very often. 

nth. At 2 o'clock, with very great mirth, we went 
to our lodging and to bed, and lay till 7, and then 
called up by Sir W. Batten, so I arose and we did 
some business, and then came Captn. Allen, and he 
and I withdrew and sang a song or two, and among 
others took pleasure in " Goe and bee hanged, that's 
good-bye." The young ladies come too, and so I did 
again please myself with Mrs. Rebecca, and about 9 
o'clock, after we had breakfasted, we sett forth for 
London, and indeed I was a Httle troubled to part 
with Mrs. Rebecca, for which God forgive me. Thus 
we went away through Rochester. We baited at 
Dartford, and thence to London, but of all the jour- 
neys that ever I made this was the merriest, and I was 
in a strange moode for mirth. Among other things, I 
got my Lady to let her mayde, Mrs. Anne, to ride all 
the way on horseback, and she rides exceeding well ; 
and so I called her my clerk, that she went to wait 
upon me. I met two Httle schoolboys going with 
pitchers of ale to their schoolmaster to break up 
against Easter, and I did drink of some of one of them 
and give him two pence. By and by we come to two 
little girles keeping cows, and I saw one of them very 
pretty, so I had a mind to make her aske my blessing, 
and telling her that I was her godfather, she asked me 



22 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

innocently whether I was not Ned Wooding, and I 
said that I was, so she kneeled down and very simply 
called, " Pray, godfather, pray to God to bless me," 
which made us very merry, and I gave her twopence. 
In several places, I asked women whether they would 
sell me their children, but they denied me all, but 
said they would give me one to keep for them, if I 
would. Mrs. Anne and I rode under the man that 
hangs upon Shooter's Hill, and a filthy sight it was to 
see how his flesh is shrunk to his bones. So home 
and I found all well, and a deal of work done since I 
went. I sent to see how my wife do, who is well. So 
to Sir W. Batten's and there supped, and very merry 
with the young ladies. So to bed very sleepy for last 
night's work, concluding that it is the pleasantest 
journey in all respects that ever I had in my life. 

1 2th. Up among my workmen. Dined with Sir W. 
Batten, all fish dinner, it being Good Friday. Then 
into the City and saw in what forwardness all things are 
for the Coronacion, which will be very magnificent. 
Then back again home and to my chamber, to set 
down in my diary all my late journey, which I do with 
great pleasure ; and while I am now writing comes 
one with a tickett to invite me to Captain Robert 
Blake's buriall, for whose death I am very sorry, and 
do much wonder at it, he being a little while since 
a very likely man to live as any I knew. Since my 
going out of town, there is one Alexander Rosse taken 
and sent to the Counter by Sir Thomas Allen, for 
counterfeiting my hand to a ticket, and we this day at 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 23 

the office have given order to Mr. Smith to prosecute 
him. 

13th. To Whitehall by water from To\vre-wharfe, 
where we could not pass the ordinary way, because 
they were mending of the great stone steps against 
the Coronacion. Met my Lord with the Duke ; and 
after a little talk with him, I went to the Banquet- 
house, and there saw the King heale, the first time 
that ever I saw him do it ; which he did with great 
gravity, and it seemed to me to be an ugly office and 
a simple one. To the buriall of Captain Robert 
Blake, at Wapping, and there had each of us a ring, 
but it being dirty, we would not go to church with 
them, but with our coach we returned, and then Sir 
W. Pen and I alone to the Dolphin (Sir W. Batten 
being this day gone with his wife to Walthamstow to 
keep Easter), and there had a supper by ourselves, we 
both being very hungry, and staying there late drink- 
ing I became very sleepy, and so we went home and 
to bed. 

14th (Easter. Lord's day). In the morning heard 
Mr. Jacomb,' at Ludgate, upon these words, " Christ 
loved you and therefore let us love one another," and 

^ Thomas Jacomb, of Burton Lazers, Leicestershire, entered at Magdalen 
Hall, Oxford, in 1640; but removing to Cambridge on the breaking out of the 
Rebellion, he obtained a Fellowship at Trinity College, in the place of a loy- 
alist ejected, and had the degree of M. A. conferred on him. He afterwards 
became rector of St. Martin's-infra-Ludgate, in London; and was put out for 
nonconformity in 1662, being then D.D. He subsequently followed the trade 
of conventicling, which brought him into trouble; and he died March 27, 
1687, in the house of the Countess of Exeter, to whom he was domestic 
chaplain. — Abridged from Kennett's Register. 



24 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

made a gracy sermon, like a Presbyterian. After 
dinner I went to the Temple and there heard Dr. 
Griffith/ a good sermon for the day; so with Mr. 
Moore (whom I met there) to my Lord's, and there 
he shewed me a copy of my Lord Chancellor's patent 
for Earle, and I read the preamble, which is very 
short, modest, and good. Here my Lord saw us and 
spoke to me about getting Mr. Moore to come and 
governe his house while he goes to sea, which I prom- 
ised him to do and did afterwards speak to Mr. 
Moore, and he is willing. Then hearing that Mr. 
Barnwell was come, with some of my Lord's little 
children, yesterday to town, to see the Coronacion, I 
went and found them at the Goate, at Charing Cross, 
and there I went and drank with them a good while, 
whom I found in very good health and very merry. 
Then to my father's, and after supper seemed willing 
to go home, and my wife seeming to be so too I went 
away in a discontent, but she, poor wretch, followed 
me as far in the rain and dark as Fleet Bridge to fetch 
me back again, and so I did. 

15 th. From my father's, it being a very foule morn- 
ing for the King and Lords to go to Windsor, I went 
to the office and there met Mr. Coventry and Sir 
Robt. Slingsby. Mr. Coventry being gone, and I 
having at home laid up 200/. which I had brought 
this morning home from Alderman Backwell's, I went 

I Matthew Griffith, D.D., rector of St. Mary Magdalene, Old Fish Street, 
and preacher at the Temple. He was an Episcopalian, and author of several 
printed sermons. He died in 1665. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 2$ 

home by coach with Sir R. Slingsby and dined with 
him, and had a very good dinner. His lady ^ seems 
a good woman and very desirous they were to hear 
this noon by the post how the election has gone at 
Newcastle, wherein he is concerned, but the letters 
are not come yet. 

1 6th. So soon as word was brought me that Mr. 
Coventry was come with the barge to the Towre, I 
went to him, and found him reading of the Psalms in 
short hand (which he is now busy about), and had 
good sport about the long marks that are made there 
for sentences in divinity, which he is never like to 
make use of. Here he and I sat till the Comptroller 
came and then we put off for Deptford, where we 
went on board the King's pleasure boat that Com- 
missioner Pett is making, and indeed it will be a most 
pretty thing. From thence to Commr. Pett's lodging, 
and there had a good breakfast, and in came the two 
Sir Wms. from Walthamstow, and so we sat down and 
did a great deal of public business about the fitting 
of the fleet that is now going out. That done we 
went to the Globe and there had a good dinner, and 
by and by took barge again and so home. By the 
way they would have me sing, which I did to Mr. 
Coventry. 

1 7th. By land and saw the arches,^ which are now 



^ Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Radclyffe, of Dilston, Northumber- 
land, and widow of Sir William Fenwick, Bart.,of Meldon. Sir R Slingsby's 
first wife was Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Robert Brooke, of Newcells. 

2 Erecting in honour of the Coronation. 



26 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

almost done and are very fine, and I saw the picture 
of the ships and other things this morning, set up be- 
fore the East Indy House, which are well done. Then 
comes Mr. Allen of Chatham, and I took him to the 
Mitre and there did drink with him, and did get of 
him the song that pleased me so well there the other 
day, " Of Shitten come Shites the beginning of love." 
His daughters are to come to towne to-morrow, but I 
know not whether I shall see them or no. That done 
I went to the Dolphin by appointment and there I 
met Sir Wms. both and Mr. Castle, and did eat a 
barrel of oysters and two lobsters, which I did give 
them, and were very merry. Here we had much 
talk of Mr. Warren's being knighted ^ by the King, 
and Sir W. B. seemed to be very much incensed 
against him. 

1 8th. Up with my workmen and then about 9 
o'clock took horse with both the Sir Williams for 
Walthamstow, and there we found my Lady and her 
daughters all ; and a pleasant day it was, and all 
things else, but that my Lady was in a bad moode, 
which we were troubled at, and had she been noble 
she would not have been so with her servants, when 
we came thither, and this Sir W. Pen took notice of, 
as well as I. After dinner we all went to the Church 
stile,2 and there eat and drank, and I was as merry as 



^ Knighted the following year (M. B.) 

2 In an old book of accounts belonging to Warrington Parish, the follow- 
ing minute occurs: — " Nov. 5, 1688. Payd for drink at the Church-Steele, 
13J. ; " and in 1732, " it is ordered that hereafter no money be spent on ye sth 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 2/ 

I could counterfeit myself to be. Then, it raining 
hard, homewards again and in our way met with two 
country fellows upon one horse, which I did, without 
much ado, give the way to, but Sir W. Pen would not, 
but struck them and they him, and so passed away, 
but they, giving him some high words, he went back 
again and struck them off their horse, in a simple 
fury, and without much honour, in my mind, and so 
came away. 

19th. Among my workmen and then to the office, 
it being so foule that I could not go to Whitehall to 
see the Knights of the Bath made to-day, which do 
trouble me mightily. 

20th. Comes my boy to tell me that the Duke of 
York had sent for all the principall officers, &c., to 
come to him to-day. So I went by water to Mr. 
Coventry's, and there staid and talked a good while 
with him till all the rest come. We went up and saw 
the Duke dress himself, and in his night habitt he is 
a very plain man.^ Then he sent us to his closett, 
where we saw among other things two very fine 
chests, covered with gold and Indian varnish, given 
him by the East Indy Company of Holland. The 
Duke comes ; and after he had told us that the fleet 
was designed for Algier (which was kept from us till 

of November, or on any other state day, on the parish account, either at the 
Church-Stile, or at any other place"— G^«/. Mag., Nov. 1852, p. 442. 
Thus the original reading is confirmed; for it had been suggested in the 
" Gent Mag." that this should be Church ale. 

* " No man is a hero to his valet-de-chambre" a saying of the Prince de 
Cond^. 



28 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

now), we did advise about many things as to the 
fitting of the fleet, and so we went away. After that 
to my Lord's, where Sir W. Pen came to me, and 
dined with my Lord. After dinner he and others that 
dined there went away, and then my Lord looked 
upon his pages' and footmen's Hverys, which are 
come home to-day, and will be handsome, though not 
gaudy. Then with my Lady and my Lady Wright to 
White Hall ; and in the Banqueting-house saw the 
King create my Lord Chancellor and several others, 
Earles,' and Mr. Crew and several others. Barons : ^ 
the first being led up by Heralds and five old Earles 
to the King, and there the patent is read, and the 
King puts on his vest, and sword, and coronett, and 
gives him the patent. And then he kisseth the King's 
hand, and rises and stands covered before the king. 
And the same for the Barons, only he is led up but 
by three of the old Barons, and are girt with swords 
before they go to the King. That being done (which 
was very pleasant to see their habitts) , I carried my 
Lady back, and I found my Lord angry, for that his 

1 Edward Hyde, Viscount Cornbury, and Earl of Clarendon, extinct: 
Arthur (Lord Capel), Viscount Maiden, and Earl of Essex; Thomas (Lord 
Brudenelll, Earl of Cardigan; Charles Howard, Lord Dacre, Viscount Howard 
of Morpeth, and Earl of Carlisle; Sir Arthur Annesley (Viscount Valentia), 
Lord Annesley, and Earl of Anglesea; Sir John Granville, Viscount Lans- 
downe, and Earl of Bath, extinct. 

2 John Crewe, Baron Crewe of Stene, extinct; Denzil Holies, Baron 
Holies of Ifield, extinct; Sir Frederick Cornwallis, Bart , Baron Comwallis 
of Eye, extinct: Sir Horace Townshend, Bart., Baron Townshend of King's 
Lynn (merged in the Marquisate) ; Sir A. A. Cooper, Bart., Baron Ashley 
of Winborne, St. Giles (merged in the Earldom of Shaftesbury) ; Sir George 
Booth, Bart., Baron Delamere of Dunham Massey, extinct. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 29 

page had let my Lord's new beaver be changed for 
an old hat ; then I went away, and with Mr. Creed to 
the Exchange and bought some things, as gloves and 
bandstrings, &c. So back to the Cockpitt, and there, 
by the favour of one Mr. Bowman, he and I got in, 
and there saw the King and Duke of York and his 
Duchesse (which is a plain woman, and like her 
mother, my Lady Chancellor). And so saw "The 
Humersome Lieutenant " ^ acted before the King, but 
not very well done. But my pleasure was great to 
see the manner of it, and so many great beauties, but 
above all Mrs. Palmer, with whom the King do dis- 
cover a great deal of familiarity. So Mr. Creed and 
I (the play being done) went to Mrs. Harper's, and 
there sat and drank, it being about twelve at night. 
The ways being now so dirty, and stopped up with 
the rayles which are this day set up in the streets, I 
would not go home, but went with him to his lodging 
at Mr. Ware's, and there lay all night. 

2ist (Lord's day). In the mommg we were trou- 
bled to hear it rain as it did, because of the great 
show to-morrow. Here dined Doctor Thos. Pepys^ 
and Dr. Fayrebrother ; and all our talk about to-mor- 
row's showe, and our trouble that it is Hke to be a wet 
day. All the way is so thronged with people to see 
the triumphall arches, that I could hardly pass for 
them. So home, people being at church, and I got 

^ •' The Humorous Lieutenant," a Tragi-comedy, by Beaumont and 
Fletcher. 

2 Doctor in Civil Law. 



30 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

home unseen, and so up to my chamber and saw done 
these last five or six days' diarys. My mind a httle 
troubled about my workmen, which, being foreigners, 
are like to be troubled by a couple of lazy rogues that 
worked with me the other day, that are citizens, and 
so my work will be hindered, but I must prevent it if 
I can. 

2 2d. King's Going from y^ Tower to 
White Hall. 

Up early and made myself as fine as I could, and 
put on my velvet coat, the first day that I put it on, 
though made half a year ago. And being ready, Sir 
W. Batten, my Lady, and his two daughters and his 
son and wife, and Sir W. Pen and his son and I, went 
to Mr. Young's, the flag-maker, in Come-hill; and 
there we had a good room to ourselves, with wine and 
good cake, and saw the show very well. In which it 
is impossible to relate the glory of this day, expressed 
in the clothes of them that rid, and their horses and 
horses-clothes, among others, my Lord Sandwich's. 
Embroidery and diamonds were ordinary among them. 
The Knights of the Bath was a brave sight of itself; 
and their Esquires, among which Mr. Armiger was an 
Esquire to one of the Knights. Remarquable were 
the two men that represent the two Dukes of Nor- 
mandy and Aquitane. The Bishops come next after 
Barons, which is the higher place ; which makes me 
think that the next Parliament they will be called to 
the House of Lords. My Lord Monk rode bare after 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 3 1 

the King, and led in his hand a spare horse, as being 
Master of the Horse. The King, in a most rich em- 
broidered suit and cloak, looked most noble. Wad- 
low,^ the vintner, at the Devil,^ in Fleet-streete, did 
lead a fine company of soldiers, all young comely 
men, in white doublets. There followed the Vice- 
Chamberlain, Sir G. Carteret, a company of men all 
like Turkes ; ^ but I know not yet what they are for. 
The streets all gravelled, and the houses hung with 
carpets before them, made brave show, and the ladies 
out of the windows, one of which over against us I 
took much notice of, and spoke of her, which made 
good sport among us. So glorious was the show with 

^ WadloTv. Simon Wadlow, the original of " old Sir Simon the king," 
the favourite air of Squire Western in " Tom Jones." 
" Hang up all the poor hop-drinkers, 
Cries old Sim, the king of skinkers." 

Gifford's Ben Jonson, vol. ix. p. 73. 187s. 
See Diary, 25th Feb. 1664-5. (M. B.) 

The Ashmolean Museum Catalogue mentions " Eight verses upon 
Simon Wadloe, Vintner, dwelling att ye sign of ye Devill and St. Dunstan." 
— Apollo et Cohors Musarjefu, p. 54. 

2 We do not see any reason for discrediting the statement that the v/hole 
of the Devil Tavern was pulled down in 1787, and of its having been pur- 
chased by Messrs. Child and Co. for the sum of ;{|2,8oo, and in the year fol- 
lowing the row of houses now known as Child's Place was built upon the site. 
It may be worth recording that excellent cellars also run beneath the open 
space in front of those houses, as they were in all probability the cellars ia 
which Simon Wadlow (the landlord at the sign of "St. Dunstan pulling the 
Devil by the nose," commonly known as the " Old Devil") kept his celebrated 
wines. The great room was called the Apollo. Here Jonson lorded it with 
greater authority than Dryden did afterwards at Will's, or Addison at But- 
ton's. Takew^xomVr'n^^'s ye Marigold. (M. B.) 

3 This company is represented in the curious contemporary picture by 
Stoop, now at Goodrich Court, Herefordshire. 



32 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

gold and silver, that we were not able to look at it, 
our eyes at last being so much overcome with it. 
Both the King and the Duke of York took notice of 
us, as they saw us at the window. The show being 
ended, Mr. Young did give us a dinner, at which we 
were very merry, and pleased above imagination at 
what we have seen. Sir W. Batten going home, he 
and I called and drunk some mum ^ and laid our 
wager about my Lady Faulconbridge's name, which 
he says not to be Mary,^ and so I won above 20s. 
So home, where Will and the boy staid and saw the 
show upon Towre Hill, and Jane at T. Pepys's, the 
Turner, and my wife at Charles Glassecocke's, in Fleet 
Street. In the evening by water to White Hall to my 
Lord's, and there I spoke with my Lord. He talked 
with me about his suit, which was made in France, 
and cost him 200/., and very rich it is with embroid- 
ery. I lay with Mr. Shepley, and 

CoRONACON Day. 
23d. About 4 I rose and got to the Abbey, where 

^ Mum. Ale brewed with wheat at Brunswick. 

" Sedulous and stout 
With bowls of fattening miim." 

J. Phillips, Cyder, vol. ii. p. 231. 

As soon as the beer begins to work, they put into it the inner rind of fir, tops 
of fir and birch, betony, marjory, pennyroyal, wild thyme, &c. Our English 
brewers use cardamum, ginger, and sassafras, instead of the inner rind of fir, 
and add also walnut rinds, madder, red sanders, and elecampane. (M. B.) 

2 Mary, daughter of Oliver Cromwell, second wife of Thomas, second 
Viscount Falconberg, afterwards Earl of Falconberg. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL FEFYS. 33 

I followed Sir J. Denham/ the Surveyor, with some 
company that he was leading in. And with much 
ado, by the favour of Mr. Cooper, his man, did get 
up into a great scaffold across the North end of the 
Abbey, where with a great deal of patience I sat from 
past 4 till 1 1 before the King came in. And a great 
pleasure it was to see the Abbey raised in the middle, 
all covered with red, and a throne (that is a chaire) 
and footstoole on the top of it ; and all the officers of 
all kinds, so much as the ver}^ fidlers, in red vests. 
At last comes in the Dean^ and Prebends of West- 
minster, with the Bishops (many of them in cloth of 
gold copes), and after them the Nobility, all in their 
Parliament robes, which was a most magnificent sight. 
Then the Duke, and the King with a sceptre 3 (carried 
by my Lord Sandwich) and sword and mond ^ before 
him, and the crowne too. The King in his robes, 
bareheaded, which was very fine. And after all had 
placed themselves, there was a sermon and the ser- 
vice ; and then in the Quire at the high altar, the 
King passed through all the ceremonies of the Coro- 
nacon, which to my great grief I and most in the 



1 Created at the Restoration K B., and Surveyor-General of all the King's 
buildings ; better known as the author of " Cooper's Hill." Ob. 1668. 

2 John Earle, S.T.P., in 1662 made Bishop of Worcester, and translated 
to Salisbury the following year ; and dying in 1665, was buried in the chapel 
of Merton College, of which he had been a Fellow. 

3 It was Sir Edward's staff. 

* Mond, i.e. " the orb." Mond is explained in Ludwig's " Eng. -German 
Dictionary," bie !leinc giilbene Toeltsfugel, ^0 ein jeid)en cine^j fa^ser^ ober 
lonigo ift. " The small golden orb of the world, an emblem of an Emperor 
or King." In former editions, "wand." (i\I. B.; 



34 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

Abbey could not see. The crowne being put upon his 
head, a great shout begun, and he came forth to the 
throne, and there passed through more ceremonies : 
as taking the oath, and having things read to him 
by the Bishopp ; ^ and his lords (who put on their 
caps 2 as soon as the King put on his cro\vne) and 
bishops come, and kneeled before him. And three 
times the King at Armes^ went to the three open 
places 4 on the scaffold, and proclaimed, that if any 
one could show any reason why Charles Stewart should 
not be King of England, that now he should come 
and speak. And a Generall Pardon also was read by 
the Lord Chancellor, and meddalls flung up and 
down by my Lord Cornwallis,5 of silver, but I could 
not come by any. But so great a noise that I 
could make but little of the musique ; and indeed, it 
was lost to every body. I went out a little while 

1 Gilbert Sheldon, Bishop of London, acting for Juxon, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, whose age and infirmities prevented him from attending. 

2 As yet Barons had no coronet. A grant of that outward mark of digni- 
ty was made to them by Charles soon after liis coronation. Elizabeth had 
assigned coronets to Viscounts. 

3 Sir Edward Walker, Garter King of Arms. 

4 The south, west, and north sides. 

5 Sir Frederick Cornwallis, Baronet, had married Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Ashburnham. His wife, therefore, and her brother, John Ashburnham, 
were first cousins to Villiers Duke of Buckingham. Rugge states in July, 
i66o, that " the King supped with Sir Frederick Cornwallis at Durham Yard, 
in the Strand." He died in January, 1661-2, and was buried with his ances- 
tors at Brome, on the iSth. See post, i5th Jan. 1661-2. Collins and other 
writers erroneously state his death to have occurred on the 31st. The medals 
v.'hich he received as his fee (nearly 100 in number) were carefully preserved 
in the family, and have been recently arranged, so as to form the setting of a 
large silver cup, at Audlcy End. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 35 

before the King had done all his ceremonies, and 
went round the Abbey to Westminster Hall, all the 
way within rayles, and 10,000 people with the ground 
covered with blue cloth ; and scaffolds all the way. 
Into the Hall I got, where it was very fine with 
hangings and scaffolds one upon another full of brave 
ladies ; and my wife in one little one, on the right 
hand. Here I staid walking up and down, and at last 
upon one of the side stalls I stood and saw the King 
come in with all the persons (but the soldiers) that 
were yesterday in the cavalcade ; and a most pleasant 
sight it was to see them in their several robes. And 
the King came in with his crowne on, and his sceptre 
in his hand, under a canopy borne up by six silver 
staves, carried by Barons of the Cinque Ports, and 
little bells at every end. And after a long time, he got 
up to the farther end, and all set themselves down at 
their several tables ; and that was also a brave sight : 
and the King's first course carried up by the Knights 
of the Bath. And many fine ceremonies there was of 
the Heralds leading up people before him, and bow- 
ing ; and my Lord of Albemarle's going to the kitchin 
and eating a bit of the first dish that was to go to the 
King's table. But, above all, was these three Lords, 
Northumberland,^ and Suffolke,^ and the Duke of 
Ormond,3 coming before the courses on horseback, 

1 Algernon Percy, tenth Earl of Northumberland, acting as Lord High 
Q)nstable of England, on this occasion. 

2 James Howard, third Earl of Suffolk. 

3 James Butler, first Duke of Ormond, Lord High Steward of England 
pro hdc vice. 



36 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

and staying so all dinner-time, and at last bringing up 
(Dymock) the King's Champion/ all in armour on 
horseback, with his speare and targett carried before 
him. And a Herald ^ proclaims " That if any dare 
deny Charles Stewart to be lawful King of England, 
here was a Champion that would fight with him ; " and 
with these words, the Champion flings down his 
gauntlet, and all this he do three times in his going up 
towards the King's table. At last when he is come, 
the King drinks to him, and then sends him the cup 
which is of gold, and he drinks it off, and then rides 
back again with the cup in his hand. I went from 
table to table to see the Bishops and all others at their 
dinner, and was infinitely pleased with it. And at the 
Lords' table, I met with William Howe, and he spoke 
to my Lord for me, and he did give me four rabbits 
and a pullet, and so I got it and Mr. Creed and I got 
Mr. Michell to give us some bread, and so we at a 
stall eat it, as every body else did what they could get. 
I took a great deal of pleasure to go up and down, 
and look upon the ladies, and to hear the musique of 
all sorts, but above all, the 24 violins.^ About six at 
night they had dined, and I went up to my wife, and 



^ Sir Edward Dymock, as Lord of the Manor of Scrivelsby, co. Lincoln. 
This service was last performed by one of that family at the coronation of 
George IV., and with the coronation dinner has since been dispensed with, 

2 York Herald, George Owen, who, it will be seen, rescued the canopy 
from the valetatlle. 

3 See some congratulatory lines on the coronation, by Henry Bold, of 
New College, Oxford, in Somers's " Tracts," vol. vii., p. 514, Sir W. Scott's 
edition. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 3/ 

there met with a pretty lady, Mrs. Frankleyn, and 
kissed them both. And strange it is to think, that 
these two days have held up fair till now that all is 
done, and the King gone out of the Hall ; and then 
it fell a-raining and thundering and lightening as I 
have not seen it do for some years : ' which people did 
take great notice of; God's blessing of the work of 
these two days, which is a foolery to take too much 
notice of such things. I observed little disorder in 
all this, but only the King's footmen had got hold of 
the canopy, and would keep it from the Barons of the 
Cinque Ports,^ which they endeavoured to force from 



^ Baxter, in his " Life," mentions this storm. " On April 23, was Kis 
Majesty's coronation-day, the day being very serene and fair, till suddenly in 
the afternoon, as they were returning from Westminster Hall, there was very 
terrible thunders when none expected it, which made me remember his father's 
coronation, on which, being a boy at school, and having leave to play for the 
solemnity, an earthquake, about two o'clock in the afternoon, did affright the 
boys, and all the neighbourhood. I intend no commentary on these, but 
only to relate the matter of fact." 

2 Bishop Kennett gives a somewhat fuller account of this unseemly broil : 
— " No sooner had the aforesaid Barons brought up the King to the foot of 
the stairs in Westminster Hall, ascending to his throne, and turned on the left 
hand (towards their own table) out of the way, but the King's footmen most 
insolently and violently seized upon the canopy, which the Barons endeavour- 
ing to keep and defend, were by their number and strength dragged down to 
the lower end of the Hall, nevertheless still keeping their hold ; and had not 
Mr. Owen, York Herald, being accidentally near the Hall door, and seeing the 
contest, caused the .same to be shut, the footmen had certainly carried it away 
by force. But in the interim also (speedy notice hereof having been given 
the King) one of the Querries were sent from him, with command to imprison 
the footmen, and dismiss them out of his service, which put an end to the 
present disturbance. These footmen were also commanded to make their 
submission to the Court of Claims, which was accordingly done by them the 
30th April following, and the canopy then delivered back to the said Barons." 
Whilst this disturbance happened, the upper end of the first table, which had 



38 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

them again, but could not do it till my Lord Duke of 
Albemarle caused it to be put into Sir R. Pye's ' hand 
till to-morrow to be decided. At Mr. Bovvyer's ; a 
great deal of company, some I knew, others I did not. 
Here we staid upon the leads and below till it was 
late, expecting to see the fire-works, but they were not 
performed to-night : only the City had a light like a 
glory round about it with bonfires. At last I went to 
King-streete, and there sent Crockford to my father's 
and my house, to tell them I could not come home 
to-night, because of the dirt, and a coach could not 
be had. And so I took my wife and Mrs. Frankleyn 
(who I proffered the civility of lying with my wife at 
Mrs. Hunt's to-night) to Axe-yard, in which at the 
further end there were three great bonfires, and a 
great many great gallants, men and women ; and they 
laid hold of us, and would have us drink the King's 
health upon our knees, kneeling upon a faggot, which 
we all did, they drinking to us one after another. 
Which we thought a strange frolique ; but these gal- 
lants continued thus a great while, and I wondered to 
see how the ladies did tipple. At last I sent my wife 
and her bedfellow to bed, and Mr. Hunt and I went 



been appointed for the Barons of the Cinque Ports, was taken up by the Bish- 
ops, Judges, etc., probably nothing loth to lake precedence of them ; and the 
poor Barons, naturally unwilling to lose their dinner, were necessitated to eat 
it at the bottom of the second table, below the Masters of Chancery and 
others of the long robe. 

^ Sir Robert Pye, Bart., of Faringdon House, Berks ; married Anne, 
danghter of the celebrated John Hampden. They lived together sixty years, 
and died in 1701, within a few weeks of each other. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 39 

in with Mr. Thornbury (who did give the company all 
their wine, he being yeoman of the wine-cellar to the 
King) ; and there, with his wife and two of his sisters, 
and some gallant sparks that were there, we drank the 
King's health, and nothing else, till one of the gentle- 
men fell down stark drunk, and there lay ; and I went 
to my Lord's pretty well. Thus did the day end with 
joy every where ; and blessed be God, I have not 
heard of any mischance to any body through it all, 
but only to Serj'. Glynne,^ whose horse fell upon him 
yesterday, and is like to kill him, which people do 
please themselves to see how just God is to punish 
the rogue at such a time as this ; he being now one 
of the King's Serjeants, and rode in the cavalcade with 
Maynard,2 to whom people wish the same fortune. 
There was also this night in King-streete, a woman had 
her eye put out by a boy's flinging a firebrand into the 
coach. Now, after all this, I can say that, besides the 
pleasure of the sight of these glorious things, I may now 
shut my eyes against any other objects, nor for the 



^ He had been Recorder of London ; and during the Protectorate was 
made Chief Justice of the Upper Bench ; nevertheless he did Charles II. 
great service, and was in consequence knighted and appointed King's Ser- 
jeant, and his son created a Baronet. Ob. 1666. 

2 John Maynard, an eminent lawyer; made Serjeant to Cromwell in 1653, 
and afterwards King's Serjeant by Charles II., who knighted him. In 1661 he 
was chosen Member for Berealston, and sat in every Parliament till the Revo- 
lution. Ob. 1690, aged 88. He waited upon William with an address of con- 
gratulation after the abdication of James, and when the new King, observing 
his age, told him he must have outlived many of the judges and of the law- 
yers of his own standing: " Yes," replied Sir John, "and I should have 
outlived the law too, if your majesty had not come to the throne of this coun- 
try." (M. B.) 



40 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

future trouble myself to see things of state and showe, 
as being sure never to see the like again in this world. 

24th. Waked in the morning with my head in a 
sad taking through the last night's drink, which I am 
very sorry for ; so rose and went out with Mr. Creed 
to drink our morning draft, which he did give me in 
chocolate ^ to settle my stomach. At night, set my- 
self to write do^vn these three days' diary, and while 
I am about it, I hear the noise of the chambers,^ and 
other things of the fire-works, which are now playing 
upon the Thames before the King ; and I wish myself 
with them, being sorry not to see them. So to bed. 

25 th. At noon Mr. Moore and I went to an Ordi- 
nary at the King's Head in Towre Street, and there 
had a dirty dinner. 

26th. At the office all the morning, having some 
thoughts to order my business so as to go to Ports- 
mouth the next week with Sir Robert Slingsby. 

27th. Dined with my Lady, and after dinner with 
Mr. Creed and Captain Ferrers to the Theatre to see 
"The Chances." ^ 

28th (Lord's day). In the morning to my father's, 
where I dined, and in the afternoon to their church, 
where come Mrs. Turner and Mrs. Edward Pepys, and 



^ Chocolate was introduced into England about the year 1652. In the 
" Publick Advertiser" of Tuesday, June 16-22, 1657, ^^ ^^^ ^^e following: 
" In Bishopsgate Street in Queen's Head Alley, at a Frenchman's house, is 
an excellent West India drink called chocolate, to be sold, where you may 
have it ready at any time, and also unmade at reasonable rates." (M. B.) 

2 Chamber, a species of great gun. 

3 By Beaumont and Fletcher. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 4 1 

several other ladies, and so I went out of the pewe 
into another. Sent for to my father's, where my cozen 
Angier and his wife, of Cambridge, to whom I went, 
and was glad to see them, and sent for wine for them, 
and they supped with my father. 

29th. To the office, where it is determined that I 
should go to Portsmouth to-morrow. 

30th. This morning my wife and I and Mr. Creed 
took coach, and in Fish-street took up Mr. Hater and 
his wife, who through her maske seemed at first to be 
an old woman, but afterwards I found her to be a very 
pretty modest black woman. We got a small bait at 
Leatherhead, and so to Godlyman,^ where we lay all 
night, and were very merry, having this day no other 
extraordinary rencontre, but my hat falling off my 
head at Newington into the water, by which it was 
spoiled, and I ashamed of it. I am sorry that I am 
not at London, to be at Hide-parke to-morrow, among 
the great gallants and ladies, which will be very fine. 2 

May I St. Up early, and bated at Petersfield, in the 

^ Godalmlng. 

2 Hyde Park must have been the fashionable Mall so early as the begin- 
ning of the seventeenth century, for a song of that time says of Hyde Park ; 
" What thruch your ladies 
All of the land 
Come riding hither 
Forth of the Strand." 
Pinkerton's Ancient Scotish Poems, vol. ii. p. 499. London, 1786. 
In the Prologue to the Staple, in 1625, we find: 

" How many coaches in Hyde Park did show last Spring." 

Ben Jonson's Works, vol. v. p. 157. 1875. 
And in 1620 it was a famous place for people of fashion meeting with their 



42 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

room which the King lay in lately at his being there. 
Here very merry, and played with our wives at bowles. 
Then we set forth again, and so to Portsmouth, seem- 
ing to me to be a very pleasant and strong place ; 
and we lay at the Red Lyon, where Haselrigge and 
Scott and Walton did hold their councill, when they 
were here, against Lambert and the Committee of 
Safety. Several officers of the Yard came to see us 
to-night, and merry we were, but troubled to have no 
better lodgings. 

2nd. Up, and Mr. Creed and I to walk round the 
towne upon the walls. Then to our inne, and there 
all the officers of the Yard to see me with great 
respect, and I walked with them to the E)ocke and 
saw all the stores, and much pleased with the sight 
of the place. Back and brought them all to dinner 
with me, and treated them handsomely ; and so after 
dinner by water to the Yard, and there we made the 
sale of the old provisions. Then we and our wives 
all to see the Montagu, which is a fine ship, and so to 
the towne again by water, and then to see the room 
where the Duke of Buckingham ^ was killed by Felton.^ 
So to our lodging, and to supper and to bed. 



coaches. Edward VI. used to hunt in Hyde Park. In 1653 Evelyn writes 
("Diary," 8vo., 1827, vol. ii. pp. 63, 64), "I went to take the air in Hyde 
Park, where every coach was made to pay a shilling, and horse td. by the 
sordid fellow, who had purchased it of the State, as they were ' called.' " — 
Buckle, Common-place Book, vol. ii. p. 437. (M. B.) 

^ Killed by Felton when going in command of an armament for the relief 
of Rochelle, August, 1628, in his 36th year. (M. B.) 

2 The house wherein the murder was committed in August, 1628, is 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 43 

3rd. Early to walk with Mr. Creed up and down 
the towne, and it was in his and some others' thoughts 
to have got me made free of the towne, but the 
Mayor, it seems, unwilling, and so they could not do 
it. Then to the payhouse, and so to a short dinner, 
and then took coach to Petersfield, having nothing 
more of trouble in all my journey, but the exceeding 
unmannerly and most epicure-like palate of Mr. Creed. 
Here my wife and I lay in the room the Queene lately 
lay at her going into France. 

4th. Up in the morning and took coach, and so to 
Gilford, where we lay at the Red Lyon, the best Inne, 
and lay in the room the King lately lay in, where we 
had time to see the Hospital, built by Archbishop 
Abbott, and the free schoole, and were civilly treated 
by the Mayster. So to supper, and to bed, being 
very merry about our discourse with the Drawers con- 
cerning the minister of the Towne, with a red face 
and a girdle. 

5th (Lord's day). Mr. Creed and I went to the 
red-faced Parson's church, and heard a good sermon 
of him, better than I looked for. Then home, and 
had a good dinner, and after dinner fell in some talk 
in Divinity that kept us till it was past Church time. 
Anon we walked into the garden, and there played 
the fool a great while, trying who of Mr. Creed or 



situated at the upper end of the High Street at Portsmouth, and its remains 
are now known as No. 10 in that street. It was occupied recently as a ladies' 
school. A representation of the front of the house is given in Brayley's 
" Graphic Illustrator," p, 240. 



44 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

I could go best over the edge of an old fountaine 
well, and I won a quart of sack of him. Then to 
supper in the banquet house, and there my wife and I 
did talk high, she against and I for Mrs. Pierce (that 
she was a beauty), till we were both angry. Then 
to walk in the fields, and so to our quarters, and to 
bed. 

6th. Up by four o'clock and took coach, and staid 
by the way and eat some cakes, and so home. I hear 
to-night that the Duke of York's son ^ is this day dead, 
which I believe will please every body ; and I hear 
that the Duke and his Lady themselves are not much 
troubled at it.^ 

7th. My Lady, I find, is, since my going, gone to 
the Wardrobe.3 Then with Mr. Creed into London ; 
stopped in our way by the City trayne-bands, who go 
in much solemnity and pomp this day to muster before 
the King and the Duke, and shops in the City are 
shut up every where all this day. He carried me to 
an ordinary by the Old Exchange, where we come a 
little too late, but we had very good cheer for our 18^. 
a-piece, and an excellent droll too, my hoste, and his 
wife so fine a woman, and sung and played so well 
that I staid a great while and drunk a great deal of 
wine. To bed, having sent my Lord a letter to-night 
to excuse myself for not going with him to-morrow to 

^ Charles, Duke of Cambridge, born October 22, 1660, ob. May 5, 1661. 
He was the first of eight children by Anne Hyde. 

2 The legitimacy of the infant might have been questionable. See Oct. 7, 
and Dec. 16, 1660, and Feb. 23, 1660-61. 

3 Lord Sandwich's residence as Keeper of the Wardrobe. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 45 

the Hope, whither he is to go to see in what condition 
the fleete is in. 

8th. This morning came my brother John to take 
his leave of me, he being to return to Cambridge to- 
morrow, and after I had chid him for going with my 
Will the other day to Deptford, I did give him some 
good counsell and 20s. in money, and so he went 
away. At night comes my wife not well from my 
father's, having had a fore-tooth drawn out to-day, 
which do trouble me. To-day I received a letter from 
my uncle, to beg an old fiddle of me for my Cozen 
Perkin, the miller, whose mill the wind hath lately 
broke down, and now he hath nothing to live by but 
fiddling, and he must needs have it against Whitsun- 
tide to play to the country girles ; but it vexed me to 
see how my uncle writes to me, as if he were not able 
to buy him one. 

9th. With my Lord at his lodgings, and there being 
with him my Lord Chamberlaine,' I spoke for my old 
waterman Payne, to get into White's place, who was 
waterman to my Lord Chamberlaine, and is now to 
go master of the barge to my Lord to sea, and my 
Lord Chamberlaine did promise that Payne should be 
entertained in White's place with him. From thence 
to Sir G. Carteret, and there did get his promise for 
the payment of the remainder of the bill of Mr. 
Creed's, wherein of late I have been so much con- 
cerned, which did so much rejoice me that I meeting 

* The Earl of Manchester. 



46 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

with Mr. Childe took him to the Swan Taveme in 
King Street, and there did give him a tankard of 
v/hite wine and sugar. 

loth. At the office all the morning, and the after- 
noon among my workmen with great pleasure, because 
being near an end of their work. 

nth. To Graye's Inne, and there to a barber's, 
where I was trimmed, and had my haire cutt, in which 
I am lately become a little curious, finding that the 
length of it do become me very much. 

1 2th. I staid at home all this morning, being the 
Lord's day, making up my private accounts and set- 
ting papers in order. Dined with my wife, then I 
walked forth towards Westminster, and at the Savoy 
heard Dr. Fuller ' preach upon David's words,^ " I will 
wait with patience all the days of my appointed time 
until my change comes ; " but methought it was a 
poor dry sermon. And I am afeard my former high 
esteem of his preaching was more out of opinion than 
judgment. Met with Mr. Creed, with whom I went 
and walked in Grayes- Inn- walks, and from thence to 
Islington, and there eate and drank at the house 3 my 
father and we were wont of old to go to ; and after 
that walked homeward, and parted in Smithfield : and 



1 The celebrated Thomas Fuller, D.D., the Church historian, and autlior 
of " The Worthies of England," then lecturer at the Savoy. At his death in 
August following, he was chaplain to the King, prebendary of Salisbury, and 
rector of Cranford, where he was buried. 

2 The text meant is Job xiv. 14: " All the days of my appointed time will 
I wait, till my change come." 

3 The King's Head. See 27th March, 1664. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 47 

SO I home, much wondering to see how things are 
altered with Mr. Creed/ who, twelve months ago, 
might have been got to hang himself almost as soon 
as go to a drinking-house on a Sunday. 

14th. Finding my head grow weak now-a-days if 
I come to drink wine, and therefore hope that I shall 
leave it off of myself, which I pray God I could do. 
My Lord told me of his intention to get the Muster 
Master's place for Mr. Pierce, the purser, who he has 
a mind to carry to sea with him, and spoke very 
sHghtingly of Mr. Creed, as that he had no opinion 
at all of him, but only he was forced to make use of 
him because of his present accounts. In the evening 
Mr. Shepley came to me for some money, and so he 
and I to the Mitre, and there we had good wine and 
a gammon of bacon. 

15 th. This afternoon there came two men with an 
order from a Committee of Lords to demand some 
books of me out of the office, in order to the exam- 
ining of Mr. Hutchinson's accounts, but I give them 
a surly answer, and they went away to complain, which 
put me into some trouble with myself, but I resolve 
to go to-morrow myself to these Lords and answer 
them. 

1 6th. About 2 o'clock went in my velvet coat by 
water to the Savoy, and there, having staid a good 
while, I was called into the Lords, and there, quite 
contrary to my expectations, they did treat me very 

^ He had been a zealous Puritan. 



48 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

civilly, telling me that what they had done was out of 
zeal to the King's service, and that they would joyne 
with the governors of the chest with all their hearts, 
since they knew that there was any, which they did 
not before. I give them very respectful answer and 
so went away to the Theatre, and there saw the latter 
end of '' The Mayd's Tragedy," ^ which I never saw 
before, and methinks it is too sad and melancholy. 
To the Wardrobe, and there we found my Lord newly 
gone away with the Duke of Ormond and some others, 
w^hom he had had to a collacion ; and so we, with 
the rest of the servants in the hall, sat down and eat 
of the best cold meats that ever I eat on in all my 
life. From thence I went home, Mr. Moore with me 
to the waterside, telling me how kindly he is used by 
my Lord and my Lady since his coming hither as a 
servant. 

17th. At noon Lieutenant Lambert came to me, 
and he and I to the Exchange, and thence to an 
ordinary over against it, where to our dinner we had 
a fellow play well upon the bagpipes and whistle like 
a bird exceeding well, and I had a fancy to learn to 
whistle as he do, and did promise to come some other 
day and give him an angell to teach me. To the 
office till 9 at night. So home to my musique, and 
my wife and I sat singing in my chamber a good 
while together, and then to bed. 

1 8th. Towards Westminster, from the Towre, by 

^ By Beaumont and Fletcher. Mohun played Melantiusi Hart, A min- 
tor; and Mrs. Marshall, Evadne. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 49 

water, and was fain to stand upon one of the pieres 
about the bridge, before the men could drag their 
boat through the lock, and which they could not do 
till another was called to help them. Being through 
bridge I found the Thames full of boats and gallys, 
and upon inquiry found that there was a wager to be 
run this morning. So spying of Payne in a gaily, I 
went into him, and there staid, thinking to have gone 
to Chelsy with them. But upon the start, the wager 
boats fell foul one of another, till at last one of them 
gives over, pretending foule play, and so the other 
row away alone, and all our sport lost. So I went 
ashore to Westminster ; where it was very pleasant to 
see the Hall in the condition it is now, with the Judges 
on the benches at the further end of it,^ which I had 
not seen all this terme till now. So I home, where I 
staid all the afternoon, and in the garden reading 
" Faber Fortunae " with great pleasure. 

19th (Lord's day). I walked in the morning to- 
wards Westminster, and, seeing many people at York 
House,2 I went down and found them at masse, it 
being the Spanish ambassador's ; 3 and so I got into 



^ The Courts of King's Bench and Common Pleas were at the upper end 
of the hall so lately as 1810. 

2 York House belonged to the See of York till James I.'s time, when Toby 
Matthews exchanged it with the Crown. Chancellors Egerton and Bacon 
resided there, after which it was granted to Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. 
Subsequently to the Restoration, his son occupied the house some years, and 
disposing of the premises, they were converted into the streets still bearing 
his names, and the general appellation of York Buildings. See " Handbook 
of London," ubt plura. 

3 The Baron de Batteville. 



50 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

one of the gallerys, and there heard two masses done, 
I think, not in so much state as I have seen them 
heretofore. After that into the garden, and walked a 
turn or tv/o, but found it not so fine a place as I always 
took it for by the outside. Capt. Ferrers and Mr. 
Howe and myself to Mr. Wilkinson's at the Crowne : 
then to my Lord's, where we went and sat talking and 
laughing in the drawing-room a great while. All our 
talk about their going to sea this voyage, which Capt. 
Ferrers is in some doubt whether he shall go or no, 
but swears that he would go, if he were sure never to 
come back again ; and I, giving him some hopes, he 
grew so mad with joy that he fell a- dancing and leaping 
like a madman. Now it fell out so that the balcone 
windows were open, and he went to the rayle and 
made an offer to leap over, and asked what if he 
should leap over there. I told him I would give him 
40/. if he did not go to sea. With that thought I 
shut the doors, and W. Howe hindered him all we 
could ; yet he opened them again, and, with a vault, 
leaps down into the garden : — the greatest and most 
desperate frolic that ever I saw in my life. I run to 
see what was become of him, and we found him 
crawled upon his knees, but could not rise ; so we 
went down into the garden and dragged him to the 
bench, where he looked like a dead man, but could 
not stir ; and, though he had broke nothing, yet his 
pain in his back was such as he could not endure. 
With this, my Lord (who was in the little new room) 
come to us in amaze, and bid us carry him up, which. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 51 

by our strength, we did, and so laid him in East's 
bed, by the doore ; where he lay in great pain. We 
sent for a doctor and chyrurgeon, but none to be 
found, till by-and-by by chance comes in Dr. Gierke, 
who is afeard of him.^ So we sent to get a lodging 
for him, and I went up to my Lord, where Captain 
Cooke, Mr. Gibbons, and others of the King's mu- 
sicians were come to present my Lord with some 
songs and symphonys, which were performed very 
finely. I am troubled to see my father so much 
decay of a suddain, as he do both in his seeing and 
hearing, and as much to hear of him how my brother 
Tom do grow disrespectful to him and my mother. I 
went home, where to prayers (which I have not had 
in my house a good while), and so to bed. 

20th. Visited by Mr. Anderson, my former cham- 
ber fellow at Cambridge, with whom I parted at the 
Hague, but I did not go forth with him, only gave 
him a morning draft at home. At noon Mr. Creed 
came to me, and he and I to the Exchange, and so to 
an ordinary to dinner, and after dinner to the Mitre, 
and there sat drinking while it rained very much. 
Then to the office, where I found Sir Williams both, 
choosing of masters for the new fleet of ships that is 
ordered to be set forth, and Pen seeming to be in 
an ugly humour, not willing to gratify one that I men- 
tioned to be put in, did vex me. We sat late, and 
so home. 

^ He recovered. 



52 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

2 1 St. Up early, and, with Sir R. Slingsby (and 
Major Waters the deafe gentleman, his friend, for 
company's sake) to the Victualling-office ^ (the first 
time that I ever knew where it was) , and there staid 
while he read a commission for enquiry into some 
of the King's lands and houses thereabouts, that are 
given his brother. And then we took boat to Wool- 
wich, where we staid and gave order for the fitting 
out of some more ships presently. And then to 
Deptford, where we did the same ; and so took 
barge again, and were overtaken by the King in 
his barge, he having been down the river with his 
yacht this day for pleasure to try it ; and, as I hear, 
Commissioner Pett's do prove better than the Dutch 
one, and that that his brother built. While we were 
upon the water, one of the greatest showers of rain 
fell that ever I saw. The Comptroller and I landed 
with our barge at the Temple, and from thence I went 
to my father's, and there did give order about some 
clothes to be made, and did buy a new hatt, cost 
between 20 and 30 shillings, at Mr. Holden's. So 
home. 

22nd. To Westminster, and there missed of my 
Lord, and so about noon I and W. Howe by water to 
the Wardrobe, where my Lord and all the officers 
of the Wardrobe dined, and several other friends of 



I The Victualling Office at the End of East Smithfield, according to Stow, 
occupied the site of the Abbey of St. Mary of the Graces, which had been 
founded by Edward III. to commemorate his escape from shipwreck; and was 
granted at the dissolution to Sir Arthur Darcy, who pulled it down. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 53 

my Lord, at a venison pasty. Before dinner, my Lady 
Wright and my Lady Jem. sang songs to the harp- 
sicon. Very pleasant and merry at dinner. At night 
before I went to bed the barber came to trim me 
and wash me, and so to bed, in order to my being 
clean to-morrow. 

23rd. This day I went to my Lord, and about many 
other things at Whitehall, and there made even my 
accounts with Mr. Shepley at my Lord's, and then 
with him and Mr. Moore and John Bowles to the 
Rhenish wine house,' and there came Jonas Moore,^ 
the mathematician, to us, and there he did by dis- 
course make us fully believe that England and France 
were once the same continent, by very good argu- 
ments, and spoke very many things, not so much to 
prove the Scripture false as that the time therein is 
not well computed nor understood. From thence 
home by water, and there shifted myself into my 
black silk suit (the first day I have put it on this 
year), and so to my Lord Mayor's by coach, with a 
great deal of honourable company, and great enter- 
tainment. At table I had very good discourse with 
Mr. Ashmole, wherein he did assure me that frogs 
and many insects do often fall from the sky, ready 
formed. Dr. Bates's ^ singularity in not rising up nor 

^ In Crooked Lane; but see August 9, 1660, ante. 

2 Jonas Moore, a native of Lancashire, one of the most eminent mathe- 
maticians of his day. He was knighted by Charles IL, and made Surveyor 
of the Ordnance, and died in 1679. 

3 Dr. WilUam Bates, one of the most eminent of the Puritan divines, and 
who took part in the Savoy Conference. His collected writings fill a large 



54 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

drinking the King's nor other healths at the table 
was very much observed. From thence we all took 
coach, and to our office, and there sat till it was late ; 
and so I home and to bed by day-light. This day 
was kept a holy-day through the towne ; and it 
pleased me to see the little boys walk up and down 
in procession with their broom-staffs in their hands, 
as I had myself long ago gone.^ 

24th. At home all the morning making up my pri- 
vate accounts, and this is the first time that I do find 
myself to be clearly worth ;£"500 in money, besides 
all my goods in my house, &c. In the afternoon at 
the office late, and then I went to the Wardrobe, 
where I found my Lord at supper, and therefore I 
walked a good while till he had done, and I went in 
to him, and there he looked over my accounts. Then 
down to the kitchen to eat a bit of bread and butter, 
which I did, and there I took one of the mayds by 
the chin, thinking her to be Susan, but it proved to 
be her sister, who is very like her. 

25 th. All the morning at home about business. 

volume in folio. The dissenters called him silver-tongued Bates: he certainly 
was not a Chrysostom. 

' Pepys here refers to the perambulation of parishes on Holy Thursday, 
still observed. This ceremony was sometimes enlivened by whipping the 
boys, for the better impressing on their minds the remembrance of the day, 
and the boundaries of the parish, instead of beating houses or stones. But 
this would not have harmonized well with the excellent Hooker's practice 
on this day, when he " always dropped some loving and yrt<r^//^MJ observa- 
tions, to be remembered against the next year, especially by the boys and 
young people." Amongst Dorsetshire customs, it seems that, in perambu- 
lating a manor or parish, a boy is tossed into a stream, if that be the boundary; 
if a hedge, a sapling from it is applied for the purpose of flagellation. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 55 

At noon to the Temple, where I staid and looked 
over a book or two at Playford's, and then to the 
Theatre, where I saw a piece of "The Silent Woman," 
which pleased me. So homewards, and in my way 
bought " The Bondman " in Paul's Churchyard, and 
so home, where I found all clean, and the hearth and 
range, as it is now enlarged, set up, which pleases me 
very much. 

26th (Lord's day). Lay long in bed. To church 
and heard a good sermon at our own church, where 
I have not been a great many weeks. Dined with my 
wife alone at home pleasing myself in that my house 
do begin to look as if at last it would be in good 
order. This day the Parliament received the com- 
munion of Dr. Gunning at St. Margaret's, Westmin- 
ster. In the afternoon both the Sir Williams came to 
church, where we had a dull stranger. After church 
home, and so to the Mitre, where I found Dr. Bur- 
nett,^ the first time that ever I met him to drink with 
him, and so I to Sir W. Batten's, where I have on 
purpose made myself a great stranger, only to get a 
high opinion a little more of myself in them. Here 
I heard how Mrs. Browne, Sir W. Batten's sister, is 
brought to bed, and I to be one of the godfathers, 
which I could not nor did deny. Which, however, 
did trouble me very much to be at charge to no pur- 
pose, so that I could not sleep hardly all night, but 
in the morning I bethought myself, and I think it is 

^ See Diary, 25th August, 1665: "This day I am told that Dr. Bur- 
nett, my physician, is this morning dead of the plague." (M. B.) 



56 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

very well I should do it. Sir W. Batten told me how 
Mr. Prin (among the two or three that did refuse 
to-day to receive the sacrament upon their knees) 
was offered by a mistake the drinke afterwards, which 
he did receive, being denied the drinke by Dr. Gun- 
ning, unless he would take it on his knees; and 
after that by another the bread was brought him, and 
he did take it sitting, which is thought very prepos- 
terous. 

27th. With my Lords Sandwich and Hinchinbroke 
to the Lords' House by boat at Westminster, and 
there I left them. Then to the lobby, and after wait- 
ing for Sir G. Downing's coming out, to speak with 
him about the giving me up of my bond, for my 
honesty when I was his clerk, but to no purpose, I 
went to Gierke's at the Legg, and there I found both 
Mr. Pierces, Mr. Rolt, formerly too great a man to 
meet upon such even terms, and there we dined very 
merry, there coming to us Captain Ferrers, this being 
the first day of his going abroad since his leape 
a week ago, which I was greatly glad to see. By 
water to the office, and there sat late, Sir G. Carteret 
coming in, who among other things did inquire into 
the naming of the maisters for this fleet, and was very 
angry that they were named as they are, and above 
all to see the maister of the Adventure (for whom 
there is some kind of difference between Sir W. Pen 
and me) turned out, who has been in her hst. The 
office done, I went with the Comptroller to the Coffee 
house, and there we discoursed of this, and I seem to 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 5/ 

be fond of him, and indeed I find I must carry fair 
with all as far as I see it safe. 

28th. With Mr. Shepley to the Exchange about 
business, and there, by Mr. Rawlinson's favour, got 
into a balcone over against the Exchange ; and there 
saw the hangman burn, by vote of Parliament, two 
old acts, the one for constituting us a Commonwealth, 
and the other ^ I have forgot.^ Which still do make 
me think of the greatness of this late tume, and what 
people will do to-morrow against what they all, through 
profit or fear, did promise and practise this day. To 
Cheapside about buying a piece of plate to give 
away to-morrow to Mrs. Browne's child. So to Sir 
W. Pen's, and there sat alone with him till ten at 
night in talk with great content, he telling me things 
and persons that I did not understand in the late 
times, and so I home to bed. 

29th (King's birth-day). Rose early, and put six 
spoons and a porringer of silver in my pocket to give 
away to-day. Sir W. Pen and I took coach, and (the 
weather and ways being foule) went to Waltham- 
stowe ; and being come there heard Mr. Radcliffe,^ my 
former school fellow at Paul's (who is yet a mere boy) , 
preach upon " Nay, let him take all, since my Lord 
the King is returned," &c. He reads all, and his 

^ It was an Act for subscribing the Engagement. 

2 On the same day there had been burned by the hangman, in Westmin- 
ster Hall, the Act for ** erecting an High Court of Justice for trying and 
judging Charles Stuart." Two more Acts were similarly burned the next 
day. 

3 Jonathan Radcliff, A.M., then Vicar of Walthamstow. 



58 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

sermon very simple, but I looked for new matter. 
Back to dinner to Sir William Batten's; and then, 
after a walk in the fine gardens, we went to Mrs. 
Browne's, where Sir W. Pen and I were godfathers, 
and Mrs. Jordan ^ and Shipman ^ godmothers to her 
boy. And there, before and after the christening, we 
were with the woman above in her chamber; but 
whether we carried ourselves well or ill, I know not ; 
but I was directed by young Mrs. Batten. One pas- 
sage of a lady that eate wafers with her dog did a little 
displease me. I did give the midwife \qs. and the 
nurse 5^-. and the mayde of the house 2s, But for as 
much I expected to give the name to the childe, but 
did not (it being called John), I forbore then to give 
my plate till another time after a little more advice. 
All being done, we went to Mrs. Shipman's, who is a 
great butter-woman, and I did see there the most of 
milk and creame, and the cleanest that ever I saw in 
my life. After we had filled our bellies with creame, 
we took our leaves and away. In our way, we had 
great sport to try who should drive fastest. Sir W. 
Batten's coach, or Sir W. Pen's chariott, they having 
four, and we two horses, and we beat them. But it 
cost me the spoiling of my clothes and velvet coate 
with dirt. Being come home I to bed, and give my 
breeches to be dried by the fire against to-morrow. 



^ The wife of Captain, afterwards Sir Joseph Jordan. 

2 Robert Shipman bought the great tithes of Walthamstow from the 
Argall family in 1663 ; and left them by will to his wife Dorothy, from whom 
they passed in 1667 to Robert Mascall, merchant. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 59 

30th. To the Wardrobe and there, with my Lord, 
went into his new barge to try her, and found her a 
good boat, and Uke my Lord's contrivance of the 
door to come out round and not square as they used 
to do, and thence I to Greatorex, who took me to 
Arundell-House, and there showed me some fine 
flowers in his garden, and all the fine statues in the 
gallery, which I formerly had seen, and is a brave 
sight, and thence to a blind dark cellar, where we 
had two bottles of good ale, and so after giving him 
direction for my silver side-table, I took boat at Arun- 
dell stairs. This day, I hear, the Parliament have 
ordered a bill to be brought in for the restoring the 
Bishops to the House of Lords ; which they had not 
done so soon but to spite Mr. Prin, who is every day 
so bitter against them in his discourse in the House. 

31st. To my father's, but to my great grief I found 
my father and mother in a great deal of discontent 
one with another, and indeed my mother is grown now 
so pettish that I know not how my father is able to 
bear with it. I did talk to her so as did not indeed 
become me, but I could not help it, she being so un- 
sufferably foolish and simple, so that my father, poor 
man, is become a very unhappy man. There I dined, 
and so home and to the office all the afternoon till 9 
at night. Great talk now how the Parliament intend 
to make a collection of free gifts to the King through 
the Kingdom ; but I think it will not come to much.» 

* See 31st August, 1661, post. 



60 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

June I St. Sir W. Pen and I and Mr. Gauden by 
water to Woolwich, and there went from ship to ship 
to give order for and take notice of their forwardness 
to go forth, and then to Deptford and did the hke, 
having dined at Woohvich with Captain Poole at the 
taveme there. From Deptford we walked to Redriffe, 
calling at the half-way house, and there came into a 
room where there was infinite of new cakes placed 
that are made against Whitsuntide, and there we were 
very merry. 

2nd. The barber having done with me, I went to 
church, and there heard a good sermon of Mr. Mills, 
fit for the day. Then home to dinner, and then to 
church again, and going home I found Greatorex 
(whom I expected to-day at dinner) come to see me, 
and so he and I in my chamber drinking of wine and 
eating of anchovies an hour or two, discoursing of 
many things in mathematics, and among others he 
showed me how it comes to pass the strength that 
levers have, and he showed me that what is got as to 
matter of strength is lost by them as to matter of 
time. It rained very hard, as it hath done of late so 
much that we begin to doubt a famine. After prayers 
to bed. 

3rd. To the Wardrobe, where discoursing with my 
Lord, he did instruct me as to the business of the 
Wardrobe, in case, in his absence, Mr. Townsend 
should die, and told me that he do intend to joyne me 
and Mr. Moore with him as to the business, now he is 
going to sea, and spoke to me many other things, as 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 6 1 

to one that he do put the greatest confidence in, of 
which I am proud. Here I had a good occasion to 
tell him (what I have had long in my mind) that, 
since it has pleased God to bless me with something, 
I am desirous to lay out something for my father, and 
so have pitched upon Mr. Young's place in the Ward- 
robe, which I desired he would give order in his 
absence, if the place should fall that I might have the 
refusal. Which my Lord did freely promise me, at 
which I was very glad, he saying that he would do that 
at the least. My cozen Scott came to dine with me, 
and before we had done in comes my father Bowyer 
and my mother and four daughters, and a young gen- 
tleman and his sister, their friends, and there staid all 
the afternoon, which cost me great store of wine, and 
were very merry. Mr. Creed and I to the Towre, to 
speak for some ammunicion for my Lord ; and so he 
and I, with much pleasure, walked quite round the 
Towre, which I never did before. To the Beare, at 
the Bridge foot, thinking to have met my Lord Hinch- 
inbroke and his brother setting forth for France ; but 
they being not come we went over to the Wardrobe, 
and there found that my Lord Abbot Montagu ^ 
being not at Paris, my Lord hath a mind to have them 
stay a little longer before they go. 

4th. To my Lord Crew's to dinner, and had very 



^ Walter, second son to the first Earl of Manchester, embracing the 
Romish faith while on his travels, was made Abbot of Pontoise, through the 
influence of Mary de Medici. He afterwards became almoner to the Queen- 
Dowager of England, and died 1670. 



62 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

good discourse about having of young noblemen and 
gentlemen to think of going to sea, as being as hon- 
ourable service as the land war. And among other 
things he told us how, in Queen Elizabeth's time, one 
young nobleman would wait with a trencher at the 
back of another till he came to age himself. And 
witnessed in my young Lord of Kent, that then was, 
who waited upon my Lord Bedford at table, when a 
letter came to my Lord Bedford that the Earldome of 
Kent was fallen to his servant, the young Lord ; and 
so he rose from table, and made him sit down in his 
place, and took a lower for himself, for so he was by 
place to sit.^ From thence to the Theatre and saw 
" Harry the 4th," a good play. That done I went 
over the water and walked over the fields to South- 
warke, and so home and to my lute. 

5 th. This morning did give my wife 4/. to lay out 
upon lace and other things for herself. Sir W. . Pen 
and I went home with Sir R. Slingsby to bowles in his 
ally, and there had good sport, and afterwards went in 
and drank and talked. I took my flageolette and 
played upon the leads in the garden, where Sir W. 
Pen came out in his shirt into his leads, and there we 
staid talking and singing, and drinking great drafts of 
claret, and eating botargo^ and bread and butter till 

■^ The Earldom of Kent was erected for the Grey family in 1465 ; that of 
Bedford for the Russells, in 1550. 

2 Botargo, a kind of salt cake, or rather sausage, made of the hard roe of 
the sea mullet pickled with oil and vinegar, chiefly used to promote drinking 
by causing thirst. Of Gargantua it is said, " Because he was naturally phleg- 
matic, he began his meal with some dozens of gammons, dried neats' tongues, 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 63 

1 2 at night, it being moonshine ; and so to bed, very 
near fuddled. 

6th. My head hath aked all night, and all this 
morning, with my last night's debauch. Called up 
this morning by Lieutenant Lambert,' who is now 
made Captain of the Nonvich, and he and I went 
down by water to Greenwich, in our way observing 
and discoursing upon the things of a ship, he telling 
me all I asked him, which was of good use to me. 
There we went and eat and drank and heard musique 
at the Globe, and saw the simple motion that is there 
of a woman with a rod in her hand keeping time to 
the musique while it plays, which is simple, methinks. 
Back again by water, calling at Captain Lambert's 
house, which is very handsome and neat, and a fine 
prospect at top. So to the office, where we sat a little, 
and then I to Bridewell to Mr. Holland's, where his 
wife also, a plain dowdy, and his mother was. Here 
came two young gentlewomen to see Mr. Holland, 
and one of them could play pretty well upon the 
viallin, but, good God ! how these ignorant people did 
cry her up for it ! We were very merry. I staid and 
supped there, and so home and to bed. The weather 
very hot, this night I left off my wastecoate. 

8th. To Whitehall to my Lord, who did tell me 
that he would have me go to Mr. Townsend, whom he 
had ordered to discover to me the whole mystery of 

botargos, sausages, and such other forerunners of wine." — Rabelais, book i. 
chap. 21. See Nares' Glossary. (M. B.) 
^ See 24th Jan. 1659-60, ante. 



64 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

the Wardrobe, and none else but me, and that he will 
make me deputy with him for fear that he should die 
in my Lord's absence, of which I was glad. I went 
to the Theatre and there saw Bartholomew Faire,^ the 
first time it was acted now-a-days. It is a most ad- 
mirable play and well acted, but too much prophane 
and abusive. Then away home, and in my way called 
upon Mr. Rawlinson, for his advice to answer a letter 
of my uncle Robert, wherein he do offer me a pur- 
chase to lay out some money upon, that joynes upon 
some of his o\vn lands, and plainly telling me that the 
reason of his advice is the convenience that it will give 
me as to his estate, of which I am exceeding glad, 
and am advised to give up wholly the disposal of my 
money to him, let him do what he will with it, which 
I shall do. So home and to bed. 

9th (Lord's day). This day my wife put on her 
black silk gowne, which is now laced all over with 
black gimp lace, as the fashion is, in which she is very 
pretty. She and I walked to my Lady's at the Ward- 
robe, and there dined and was exceeding much made 
of. After dinner to Mr. Pierce's, and there he and I, 
and Mr. Symons (dancing master), that goes to sea 
with my Lord, to the Swan taverne, and there drank, 
and so again to White Hall, and there met with Dean 
Fuller,^ and walked a great while with him ; among 
other things discoursed of the liberty the Bishop (by 



^ A comedy, by Ben Jonson ; first acted in 1614. 
2 See ante, 7th April, 1661, and note. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 65 

name he of Galloway) ^ takes to admit into orders 
any body that will ; among others, Roundtree, a sim- 
ple mechanique that was a person formerly in the 
fieet.2 He told me he would complain of it. By and 
by he went and got a sculler, and landing him at 
Worcester House, I and W. Howe, who came to us 
at Whitehall, went to the Wardrobe. I went up to 
Jane Shore's towre, and there W. Howe and I sang, 
and so took my wife and walked home, and so to 
bed. 

loth. Early to my Lord's, who privately told me 
how the King had made him Embassador in the 
bringing over the Queen. That he is to go to Algier, 

^ Murray and Heath, whose authority is generally good, assert that James 
Hamilton was at this time Bishop of Galloway; but the commission for his 
consecration bears date 12th December, 1661. Kennett also mentions Thomas 
Sydserf, who had been deposed from the See of Galloway by the Presbyte- 
rians in 1638, as the only Scotch prelate alive at the Restoration; and adds, 
that he came up to London, expecting to be advanced to the Primacy. But 
he had so disgusted the English bishops, that he was only removed to the See 
of Orkney, which, though richly endowed, was considered at all times as a 
sinecure; and he did not long survive his translation. At all events, Hamil- 
ton was his successor, and the Bishop of Galloway mentioned in the Diary, 
15th May, 1663. Lingard's testimony is in favour of Sydserf being the 
Bishop of Galloway here alluded to. The death of the Bishop of Orkney 
(laie of Galloway) is mentioned in " The Intelligencer," 29th September, 
1663. 

2 The reading in the early editions of the Diary is, " a person formerly of 
the fleet;" in the later editions, "a parson formerly of the Fleet." The 
cypher for " person " or " parson " is the same. I have preferred the reading 
of the early ediiions, merely correcting " of" to " in," for two reasons — one, 
because the marriages were performed by clergymen, though disreputable, 
who would not require fresh ordination; the other because, although there 
were Fleet marriages at that time, yet they do not seem to be common. 
The date of the earliest Fleet register now preserved in the Bishop of London's 
Registry is 1674. (M. B.) 



66 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

&c., to settle the business, and to put the fleet in 
order there ; and so to come back to Lisbone with 
three ships, and there to meet the fleet that is to fol- 
low him. He sent for me, to tell me that he do 
intrust me with the seeing of all things done in his 
absence as to this great preparation, as I shall receive 
orders from my Lord Chancellor and Mr. Edward 
Montagu. At all which my heart is above measure 
glad ; for my Lord's honour, and some profit to 
myself, I hope. By and by, out with Mr. Shepley, 
Walden,^ Parliament- man for Huntingdon, Rolt,* 
Mackworth, and Alderman Backwell, to a house hard 
by, to drink Lambeth ale. So I back to the Ward- 
robe, and there found my Lord going to Trinity 
House,3 this being the solemn day of choosing 
Master, and my Lord is chosen. I staid there and 
dined with my Lady; but after we were set, comes 
in some persons of condition, and so the children 
and I rose and dined by ourselves, all the children and 
I, and were very merry and they mighty fond of me. 

nth. At the office this morning, Sir G. Carteret 
with us ; and we agreed upon a letter to the Duke of 
York, to tell him the sad condition of this office for 
want of money ; how men are not able to serve us 
more without some money ; and that now the credit 



^ Lionel. 

2 Perhaps the same person who had been Envoy from the Protector to 
the King of Sweden, and is described by Kcnnett, in September, 1655, as 
kinsman to his Highness. 

3 In Water Lane, near the Tower. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 6/ 

of the office is brought so low, that none will sell 
us any thing without our personal security given for 
the same. 

1 2th. Wednesday, a day kept between a fast and 
a feast, the Bishops not being ready enough to keep 
the fast for foule weather before fair weather came ; 
and so they were forced to keep it between both.^ 
I to Whitehall, and there with Captain Rolt and Fer- 
rers we went to Lambeth to drink our morning draft, 
where at the Three Mariners, a place noted for their 
ale, we went and staid awhile very merry, and so 
away. Then to White Hall, where I met my Lord, 
who told me he must have 300/. laid out in cloth, 
to give in Barbary, as presents among the Turkes. 
At which occasion of getting something I was very 
glad. Home to supper. 

13th. To Alderman Backwell's, but his servants not 
being up, I went home and put on my gray cloth 
suit and faced white coate, made of one of my wife's 
pettycoates, the first time I have had it on, and so 
in a riding garbe back again and spoke with Mr. Shaw 



1 A Form of Prayer was published to be used in London on the 12th, and 
in the country on the 19th of June, being the special days appointed for a 
general fast to be kept in the respective places for averting those sicknesses 
and diseases, that dearth and scarcity, which justly may be feared from the 
late immoderate rain and waters: for a Thanksgiving also for the blessed 
change of weather; and the begging the continuance of it to us for our com- 
fort: And likewise for beseeching a Blessing upon the High Court of Parlia- 
ment now assembled: Set forth by his Majesty's authority. A Sermon was 
preached before the Commons by Thomas Greenfield, Preacher of Lincoln's 
Inn. The Lords taxed themselves for the poor, — an Earl, los. ; a Baron, los. 
Those absent from Prayers were to pay a forfeit. 



68 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

at the Alderman's, who offers me 300/. if my Lord 
pleases to buy this cloth with, which pleased me 
well. So to the Wardrobe and got my Lord to order 
Mr. Creed to imprest' so much upon me to be 
paid by Alderman Backwell. So with my Lord to 
Whitehall by water, and he having taken leave of the 
King, comes to us at his lodgings and from thence 
goes to the garden staires and there takes barge, and 
at the staires was met by Sir R. Slingsby, who there 
took his leave of my Lord, and I heard my Lord 
thank him for his kindness to me, which Sir Robert 
answered much to my advantage. I went down with 
my Lord in the barge to Deptford, and there went on 
board the Dutch yacht and staid there a good while, 
W. Howe not being come with my Lord's things, 
which made my Lord very angry. By and by he 
comes and so we set sayle, and anon went to dinner, 
my Lord and we very merry ; and after dinner I went 
dowTi below and there sang, and took leave of W. 
Howe, Captain Rolt, and the rest of my friends, then 
went up and took leave of my Lord, who give me his 
hand and parted with great respect. So went and 
Captain Ferrers with me into our wherry, and my 
Lord did give five guns, all they had charged, which 
was the greatest respect my Lord could do me, and 
of which I was not a little proud. So with a sad and 
merry heart I left them sailing pleasantly from Erith, 
hoping to be in the Downes to-morrow early. We 

I See note, vol. i. p. 287. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 69 

toward London in our boat. Pulled off our stockings 
and bathed our legs a great while in the river, which 
I had not done some years before. By and by we 
come to Greenwich, and thinking to have gone on 
the King's yacht, the King was in her, so we passed 
by, and at Woolwich went on shore, and I home and 
with wine enough in my head, went to bed. 

14th. To Whitehall to my Lord's, where I found 
Mr. Edward Montagu and his family come to lie 
during my Lord's absence. I sent to my house by 
my Lord's order his shipp » and triangle virginall. So 
to my father's, and did give him order about the 
buying of this cloth to send to my Lord. But I 
could not stay with him myself, for having got a great 
cold by my playing the fool in the water yesterday 
I was in great pain and so went home by coach to 
bed, and by keeping myself warme, I came to some 
ease. 

15 th. Dined with my Lady, who, now my Lord is 
gone, is come to her poor housekeeping again. Then 
to my father's, who tells me what he has done, and 
we resolved upon two pieces of scarlet, two of purple, 
and two of black, and 50/. in linen. I home, taking 
300/. with me home from Alderman Backwell's. I 
was going to bed, but there coming the Purser of the 
King's yacht for victuals presently,^ for the Duke of 
York is to go down to-morrow, I got him to promise 
stowage for these things. 

* Sic. orig., probably the word " glass " was omitted. 

2 /. e. immediately. See note, 29th March, 1661. (M. B.) 



70 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

1 6th (Lord's day). No purser coming in the morn- 
ing for the goods, and I hear that the Duke went last 
night, and so I am at a great losse what to do ; and 
so this day (though the Lord's day) staid at home, 
sending Will up and down to know what to do. The 
afternoon (while Will was abroad) I spent in reading 
*^ The Spanish Gypsey," ' a play not very good, though 
commended much. At night resolved to hire a Mar- 
gate Hoy, who would go away to-morrow morning, 
Vv'hich I did, and sent the things all by him. 

1 8th. All this morning at home vexing about the 
delay of my painters, and about four in the afternoon 
my wife and I by water to Captain Lambert's, where 
we took great pleasure in their turret-garden, and 
seeing the fine needleworks of his wife, the best I 
ever saw in my life, and afterwards had a very hand- 
some treate and good musique that she made upon 
the harpsicon, and with a great deal of pleasure staid 
till 8 at night, and so home again, there being a little 
pretty witty child that would not let us go without her, 
and so fell a-crying by the water-side. 

19th. One thing I must observe here while I think of 
it, that I am now become the most negligent man in the 
world as to matters of newes, insomuch that, now-a- 
days, I neither can tell any, nor aske any of others. 

20th. At home the greatest part of the day to see 
my workmen make an end, which this night they did 
to my great content. 

' A comedy, by T. Middleton and W. Rowley, printed 1653, and again in 
1661. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. J \ 

2 1 St. This morning going to my father's I met him, 
and so he and I went and drank our morning draft at 
the Samson in Paul's Churchyard, and eat some gam- 
mon of bacon, &c., and then parted, having bought 
some green Say for curtains in my parler. Mr. Nor- 
bury and I did discourse of his wife's house and land 
at Brampton, which I find too much for me to buy. 

22nd. Abroad all the morning. At noon went and 
dined with my Lord Crew, where very much made of 
by him and his lady. Then to the Theatre, "The 
Alchymist," ^ which is a most incomparable play. 
And that being done I met with little Luellin and 
Blirton, who took me to a friend of theirs in Lincoln's 
Inne fields, one Mr. Hodges, where we drank great 
store of Rhenish wine and were very merry, 

23rd (Lord's day). In the morning to church, and 
my wife not being well, I went with Sir W. Batten 
home to dinner, my Lady being out of towne, where 
there was Sir W. Pen, Captain Allen and his daughter 
Rebecca, and Mr. Hempson and his wife. After 
dinner to church all of us and had a very good sermon 
of a stranger, and so I and the young company to 
walk first to Graye's Inn Walks, where great store of 
gallants, but above all the ladies that I there saw, or 
ever did see, Mrs. Frances Butler ^ (Monsieur L'lm- 
pertinent's sister) is the greatest beauty. Then we 
went to IsUngton, where at the great house I enter- 
tained them as well as I could, and so home with 

* By Ben Jonson. (M. B.) 2 See July 14, 1660, ante. 



72 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

them, and so to my own home and to bed. Pall, 
who went this day to a child's christening of Kate 
Joyce's, staid out all night at my father's, she not 
being well. 

24th (Midsummer-day). We kept this a holiday, 
and so went not to the office at all. I and Dr. Wil- 
liams to the ordinary over against the Exchange, 
where we dined and had great wrangling with the 
master of the house when the reckoning was brought 
to us, he setting down exceeding high every thing. 

25 th. This morning came Mr. Goodgroome to me, 
with whom I agreed presently to give him 20J-. 
entrance, which I then did, and 2Qs. a month more to 
teach me to sing, and so we began, and I hope I have 
come to something in it. His first song is " La cruda 
la bella." He gone my brother Tom comes, with 
whom I made even with my father and the two 
drapers for the cloths I sent to sea lately. To dine 
with my Lady at the Wardrobe, taking Dean Fuller 
along with me ; then home, where I heard my father 
had been to find me about special business ; so I took 
coach and went to him, and found by a letter to him 
from my aunt that my uncle Robert is taken with a 
dizzinesse in his head, so that they desire my father 
to come downe to look after his business, by which 
we guess that he is very ill, and so my father do think 
to go to-morrow. And so God's will be done. 

27th. To my father's. There I told him how I 
would have him speak to my uncle Robert, when he 
comes thither, concerning my buying of land, that I 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 73 

could pay ready money 600/. and the rest by 150/. 
per annum, to make up as much as will buy 50/. per 
annum, which I do, though I not worth above 500/. 
ready money, that he may think me to be a greater 
saver than I am. Then with my Lady Batten, Mrs. 
Rebecca Allen, Mrs. Thompson, &c., two coaches of 
us, we went and saw " Bartholomew Fayre " acted 
very well. So home to bed. This day Mr. Holden 
sent me a bever, which cost me 4/. 5^-.' 

28th. At home all the morning practising to sing, 
which is now my great trade, and at noon to my 
Lady and dined with her. So back and to the office, 
and there sat till 7 at night, and then Sir W. Pen and 
I in his coach went to Moorefields, and there walked, 
and stood and saw the wrestling, which I never saw so 
much of before, between the north and west country- 
men. So home, and this night had our bed set up in 
our room that we called the Nursery, where we lay, 
and I am very much pleased with the room. 

29th. By a letter from the Duke complaining of 
the delay of the ships that are to be got ready. Sir 
Williams both and I went to Deptford and there 
examined into the delays, and were satisfyed. Mr. 
Chetwind by chewing of tobacco is become very fat 
and sallow, whereas he was consumptive. In our dis- 
course he fell commending of " Hooker's Ecclesiasti- 
cal Polity," as the best book, and the only one that 

^ Whilst a hat (see Jan. 28, 1660-61, atite) cost only 35^. See also Lord 
Sandwich's vexation at his beaver being stolen, and a hat only left in lieu of 
it, April 30, 1661, ajite: and April 19th and 26th, \662,post. 



74 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

made him a Christian, which puts me upon the buj-nng 
of it, which I will do shortly. 

30th (Lord's day). To church, where we observe 
the trade of briefs is come now up to so constant a 
course every Sunday, that we resolve to give no more 
to them.^ Sir Williams both and I to Whitehall, 
where we met with the Duke of York, according to 
an order sent us yesterday from him, to give him an 
account where the fault lay in the not sending out of 
the ships, which we find to be only the wind hath 
been against them, and so they could not get out of 
the river. Here I to Graye's Inn Walk, all alone, 
and with great pleasure seeing the fine ladies walk 
there. Myself humming to myself (which now-a-days 
is my constant practice since I begun to learn to sing) 
the trillo, and found by use that it do come upon me. 
This day the Portuguese Embassador ^ came to White 
Hall to take leave of the King ; he being now going 
to end all with the Queene, and to send her over. 
Myself in good health, but mighty apt to take cold, 
so that this hot weather I am fain to wear a cloth 
before my stomach. 

July I St. This morning I went up and down into 

^ See "Gent. Mag.," vol. xxiv. p. 353, from original MS. book of" Col- 
lections in the Church of St. Olave, Hart Street: June 30, 1661." 

" Collected for sevrall inhabitants of the parish of 
St. Dunstan's in the West towards there losse by ffire, > xxiis, vii^. 
one pound two shillings and seaven pence." 

Entries of similar collections in church towards the relief of losses by 
fire, &c., on thc/otirteen successive Sundays previous to this appeal. (M. B.) 
Briefs were abolished in 1828. 

2 Don Francisco de Mello, Conde de Poute. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 75 

the city, to buy several things, as I have lately done, 
for my house. Among other things, a fair chest of 
drawers for my own chamber, and an Indian gowne 
for myself. The first cost me 33^-., the other 345-. 
Home and dined there, and Theodore Goodgroome, 
my singing master, with me, and then to our singing. 

2nd. To Westminster Hall and there walked up 
and do\vn, it being Terme time. Spoke with several, 
among others my cozen Roger Pepys, who was going 
up to the Parliament House, and inquired whether I 
had heard from my father, who writes that my uncle 
is by fits stupid, and like a man that is drunk, and 
sometimes speechless. Went to Sir William Dave- 
nant's ^ Opera ; this being the fourth day that it hath 
begun, and the first that I have seen it. To-day was 
acted the second part of " The Siege of Rhodes." ^ 
We staid a very great while for the King and the 
Queen of Bohemia.^ And by the breaking of a board 
over our heads, we had a great deal of dust fell into 
the ladies' necks and the men's haire, which made 
good sport. The King being come, the scene opened ; 
which indeed is very fine and magnificent, and well 
acted, all but the Eunuche, who was so much out that 
he was hissed off the stage. 

3rd. Dined with my Lady, who is in some mourn- 
ing for her brother, Mr. Saml. Crew, who died yester- 



^ Sir William Davenant, the celebrated dramatic writer, and patentee of 
the Duke's Theatre in Lincoln's Inn Fields. Ob. i668, aged 64. 

2 Of which Sir W. Davenant was the author. 

3 See May 14, 1660, ante. 



76 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

day of the spotted fever. So home through Duck 
Lane to inquire for some Spanish books, but found 
none that pleased me. So to the office. This day 
my Lady Batten and my wife were at the burial of a 
daughter of Sir John Lawson's, and had rings for 
themselves and their husbands. 

4th. I went to the theatre, and there I saw " Clara- 
cilia" ^ (the first time I ever saw it), well acted. But 
strange to see this house, that used to be so thronged, 
now empty since the Opera begun ; and so will con- 
tinue for a while, I beUeve. 

5 th. At home, and in the afternoon to the office, 
and that being done all went to Sir W. Batten's and 
there had a venison pasty, and were very merry. 

6th. Waked this morning with news, brought me by 
a messenger on purpose, that my uncle Robert 2 is 
dead, and died yesterday ; so I rose sorry in some 
respect, glad in my expectations in another respect. 
So I made myself ready, went and told my uncle 
Wight, my Lady, and some others thereof, and bought 
me a pair of boots in St. Martin's, and got myself 
ready, and then to the Post House and set out about 
eleven and twelve o'clock, taking the messenger with 
me that came to me, and so we rode and got well by 
nine o'clock to Brampton, where I found my father 
well. My uncle's corps in a coffin standing upon 
joynt-stooles in the chimney in the hall ; but it begun 
to smell, and so I caused it to be set forth in the yard 

^ A tragi-comedy by Thomas Killigrew. 
2 Of Brampton, in Huntingdonshire. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 7/ 

all night, and watched by two men. My aunt I found 
in bed in a most nasty ugly pickle, made me sick to 
see it. My father and I lay together to-night, I 
greedy to see the will, but did not aske to see it till 
to-morrow. 

7th (Lord's day). In the morning my father and I 
walked in the garden and read the will ; where, though 
he gives me nothing at present till my father's death, 
or at least very little, yet I am glad to see that he hath 
done so well for us all, and well to the rest of his kin- 
dred After that done, we went about getting things, 
as ribbands and gloves, ready for the burial. Which 
in the afternoon was done ; where, it being Sunday, 
all people far and near come in ; and in the greatest 
disorder that ever I saw, we made shift to serve them 
with what we had of wine and other things ; and then 
to carry him to the church, where Mr. Taylor buried 
him, and Mr. Turner preached a funerall sermon, 
where he spoke not particularly of him anything, but 
that he was one so well known for his honesty, that it 
spoke for itself above all that he could say for it. 
And so made a very good sermon. Home with some 
of the company who supped there, and things being 
quiet, at night to bed. 

8th, 9th, loth, nth, 12th, 13th. I fell to work, and 
my father to look over my uncle's papers and clothes, 
and continued all this week upon that business, much 
troubled with my aunt's base, ugly humours. We had 
news of Tom Trice's putting in a caveat against us, in 
behalf of his mother, to whom my uncle hath not 



78 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

given anything, and for good reason therein expressed, 
which troubled us also. But above all, our trouble is 
to find that his estate appears nothing as we expected, 
and all the world believes ; nor his papers so well 
sorted as I would have had them, but all in confusion, 
that break my brains to understand them. We missed 
also the surrenders of his copyhold land, without 
which the land would not come to us, but to the heire 
at lawe, so that what with this, and the badness of the 
drink and the ill opinion I have of the meat, and the 
biting of the gnats by night and my disappointment in 
getting home this week, and the trouble of sorting all 
the papers, I am almost out of my wits with trouble, 
only I appear the more contented, because I would 
not have my father troubled. 

14th (Lord's day). At home, and Robert Barnwell 
with us, and dined, and in the evening my father and 
I walked round Portholme and viewed all the fields, 
which was very pleasant. Then to Hinchingbroke, 
which is now all in dirt, because of my Lord's build- 
ing, which will make it very magnificent. Back to 
Brampton. 

15 th. Up by three o'clock this morning, and rode 
to Cambridge, and was there by seven o'clock, where, 
after I was trimmed, went to Christ College, and 
found my brother John at eight o'clock in bed, which 
vexed me. Then to King's College chappell, where 
I found the scholars in their surplices at the service 
with the organs, which is a strange sight to what it 
used in my time to be here. Then with Dr. Fair- 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 79 

brother (whom I met there) to the Rose taveme, and 
called for some wine, and sent also for Mr. Sanchy, of 
Magdalen, with whom and other gentlemen, friends 
of his, we were very merry, and I treated them as well 
as I could, and so at noon took horse again, having 
taken leave of my cozen Angier, and rode to Imping- 
ton, where I found my old uncle ' sitting all alone, 
like a man out of the world : he can hardly see ; but 
all things else he do pretty livelyly. Then with Dr. 
John Pepys and him I read over the will, and had 
their advice therein, who, as to the sufficiency thereof 
confirmed me, and advised me as to the other parts 
thereof. Having done there, I rode to Gravely with 
much ado to inquire for a surrender of my uncle's in 
some of the copyholders' hands there, but I can hear 
of none, which puts me into very great trouble of 
m.ind, and so with a sad heart rode home to Bramp- 
ton, but made myself as cheerful as I could to my 
father, and so to bed. 

i6th, 17th, i8th, 19th. These four days we spent 
in putting things in order, letting of the crop upon 
the ground, agreeing with Stankes to have a care of 
our business in our absence, and we think ourselves 
in nothing happy but in lighting upon him to be our 
bayly ; in riding to Offord and Sturtlow, and up and 
down all our lands, and in the evening walking my 
father and I about the fields talking, and had advice 
from Mr. Moore from London, by my desire, that the 

I Talbot Pepys. 



So DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

three witnesses of the will being all legatees, will not 
do the will any wrong. To-night Serjeant Bernard, I 
hear, is come home into the country. My aunt con- 
tinuing in her base, hypocritical tricks, which both 
Jane Perkin (of whom we make great use), and the 
mayde do tell us every day of. 

20th. Up to Huntingdon this morning to Sir Rob- 
ert Bernard, with whom I met Jaspar Trice. So Sir 
Robert caused us to sit down together and began 
discourse very fairly between us, so I drew out the 
Will and show it him, and [he] spoke between us as 
well as I could desire, but could come to no issue till 
Tom Trice comes. Here I staid and dined with Sir 
Robert Bernard ' and his lady, my Lady Digby, a 
very good woman. I walked home, and there found 
Tom Trice come, and he and my father gone to 
Goody Gorum's, where I found them and Jaspar 
Trice got before me, and Mr. Greene, and there had 
some calme discourse, but came to no issue, and so 
parted. 

21 St (Lord's day). At home all the morning, put- 
ting my papers in order against my going to-morrow. 
To my business again in the afternoon, and in the 
evening came the two Trices, Mr. Greene, and Mrs. 
Phihps, and so we began to argue. At last it came to 
some agreement that for our giving of my aunt ^\o 
she is to quit the house, and for other matters they 

^ Sir Robert Bernard, Serjeant-at-law, of Huntingdon, cr. Bart. 1662, and 
ob. 1666. His second wife, here mentioned, was Elizabeth, relict of George 
Lord Digby, ob. January, 1662. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. Si 

are to be left to the law, which do please us all, and 
so we broke up, pretty well satisfyed. 

22nd. Up by three, and going by four on my way 
to London ; but the day proves very cold, so that 
having put on no stockings but thread ones under 
my boots, I was fain at Bigglesworth ^ to buy a pair 
of coarse woollen ones, and put them on. So by 
degrees till I come to Hatfield before twelve o'clock, 
and walked all alone to the Vineyard, which is now a 
very beautiful place again ; and coming back I met 
with Mr. Looker, my Lord's ^ gardener (a friend of Mr. 
Eglin's), who showed me the house, the chappell with 
brave pictures, and, above all, the gardens, such as I 
never saw in all my life ; nor so good flowers, nor so 
great gooseburys, as big as nutmegs. Back to the 
inne, and so to horse again, and with much ado got 
to London. Called at my uncle Fenner's, my moth- 
er's, my Lady's, and so home, in all which I found 
all things as well as I could expect. So weary and 
to bed. 

23rd. Put on my mourning. In the afternoon, find- 
ing myself unfit for business, I went to the Theatre, 
and saw "Brenoralt,"^ I never saw before. It seemed 
a good play, but ill acted ; only I sat before Mrs. 
Palmer, the King's mistress, and filled my eyes with 
her, which much pleased me. Troubled to hear how 
proud and idle Pall is grown, that I am resolved not 
to keep her. 

^ Biggleswade. ^ William Cecil, second Earl of Salisbury. 

3 A tragedy, by Sir John Suckling. 



82 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

24th. This morning my wife in bed tells me of our 
being robbed of our silver tankard, which vexed me 
all day for the negligence of my people to leave the 
door open. To the Wardrobe, but come too late, so 
dined with the servants. And then to my Lady, who 
do shew my wife and me the greatest favour in the 
world, in which I take great content. Home by 
water and to the office all the afternoon, which is a 
great pleasure to me again, to talk with persons of 
quality and to be in command, and I give it out 
among them that the estate left me is ^200 a year 
in land, besides moneys, because I would put an 
esteem upon myself. I hear that my man Will hath 
lost his clock with my tankard, at which I am very 
glad. 

25 th. This morning came my box of papers from 
Brampton of all my uncle's papers, which will now 
set me at work enough. At noon I went to the Ex- 
change, where I met my uncle Wight, and found him 
so discontented about my father (whether that he 
takes it ill that he has not been acquainted with 
things, or whether he takes it ill that he has nothing 
left him, I cannot tell), for which I am much troubled, 
and so staid not long to talk with him. Thence to 
my mother's, where I found my wife and my aunt 
Bell and Mrs. Ramsey, and great store of tattle there 
was between the old women and my mother, who 
thinks that there is, God knows what fallen to her, 
which makes me mad, but it was not a proper time 
to speak to her of it, and so I went away with Mr. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 83 

Moore, and he and I to the Theatre, and saw ^' The 
Jovial Crew," ' the first time I saw it, and indeed it 
is as merry and the most innocent play that ever 
I saw, and well performed. Full of thoughts to 
think of the trouble that we shall go through be- 
fore we come to see what will remain to us of all our 
expectations. 

26th. Mr. Hill of Cambridge tells me, that yester- 
day put a change to the whole state of England ^ as 
to the Church ; for the King now would be forced to 
favour Presbytery, or that the City would leave him : 
but I heed not what he says, though upon enquiry I 
do find that things in the Parliament are in a great 
disorder. Having the beginning of this week made 
a vow to myself to drink no wine this week (finding 
it to unfit me to look after business), and this day 
breaking of it against my will, I am much troubled 
for it, but I hope God will forgive me. 

27th. To Westminster, where at Mr. Montagu's 
chamber I heard a Frenchman play, a friend of Mon- 
sieur Eschar's, upon the guitar, most extreme well, 
though at the best methinks it is but a bawble. From 
thence to Westminster Hall, where it was expected 
that the Parliament was to have been adjourned for 
two or three months, but something hinders it for a 
day or two. In the lobby I spoke with Mr. George 
Montagu, and advised about a ship to carry my Lord 

^ A comedy, by Richard Brome. 

2 When the Savoy conference ended, the Royal Commission having ex- 
pired on that day. 



84 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

Hinchingbroke and the rest of the young gentlemen 
to France, and they have resolved of going in a hired 
vessell from Rye, and not in a man of war. He told 
me in discourse, that my Lord Chancellor is much 
envied, and that many great men, such as the Duke of 
Buckingham and my Lord of Bristoll/ do endeavour 
to undermine him, and that he believes it will not be 
done ; for that the King (though he loves him not in 
the way of a companion, as he do these young gallants 
that can answer him in his pleasures), yet cannot be 
without him, for his policy and service. From thence 
to the Wardrobe, where my wife met me, it being my 
Lord of Sandwich's birthday, and so we had many 
friends here, Mr. Townsend and his wife, and Captain 
Ferrer's lady and Captain Isham, and were very 
merry, and had a good venison pasty. Mr. Pargiter, 
the merchant, was with us also. After dinner Mr. 
Townsend was called upon by Captain Cooke : so we 
three went to a taveme hard by, and there he did 
give us a song or two ; and without doubt he hath 
the best manner of singing in the world. Back to 
my wdfe, and with my Lady Jem. and Pall by water 
through bridge, and showed them the ships with 
great pleasure, and then took them to my house to 
show it them (my Lady, their mother having been 
lately all alone to see it and my wife, in my absence 
in the country), and we treated them well, and were 
very merry. Then back again through bridge, and set 

^ George, second Earl of Bristol. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 85 

them safe at home, and so my wife and I by coach 
home again. 

28th. To church, and again in the afternoon, and 
then come home with us Sir W. Pen, and drank with 
us, and then went away, and my wife after him to see 
his daughter that is lately come out of Ireland. I 
staid at home at my book ; she came back again and 
tells me that whereas I expected she should have 
been a great beauty, she is a very plain girl. This 
evening my wife gives me all my linen, which I have 
put up, and intend to keep it now in my own cus- 
tody. 

29th. This morning we began again to sit in the 
mornings at the office. So home to dinner, and my 
brother Tom dined with me, and after dinner he and I 
alone in my chamber had a great deal of talke, and 
I find that unless my father can forbear to make profit 
of his house in London and leave it to Tom, he has 
no mind to set up the trade any where else, and so I 
know not what to do with him. After this I went 
with him to my mother, and there told her how things 
do fall out short of our expectations, which I did 
(though it be true) to make her leave off her spend- 
ing, which I find she is now-a-days very free in, build- 
ing upon what is left to us by my uncle to bear her 
out in it, which troubles me much. While I was here 
word is brought that my aunt Fenner is exceeding ill, 
and that my mother is sent for presently ' to come to 

^ Immediately. (M. B.) 



S6 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

her : also that my cozen Charles Glassecocke, though 
very ill himself, is this day gone to the country to his 
brother, John Glassecocke, who is a-dying there. 

30th. After my singing-master had done with me 
this morning, I went to White Hall and Westminster 
Hall, where I found the King expected to come and 
adjourne the Parliament. I found the two Houses at 
a great difference, about the L(frds challenging their 
privileges not to have their houses searched, which 
makes them deny to pass the House of Commons' 
Bill for searching for pamphlets and seditious books. 
Thence by water to the Wardrobe (meeting the King 
upon the water going in his barge to adjourne the 
House) where I dined with my Lady, and there met 
Dr. Thomas Pepys, who I found to be a silly talking 
fellow, but veiy good-natured. So home to the office, 
where we met about the business of Tangier this after- 
noon. To Fleet Street to find when the Assizes begin 
at Cambridge and Huntingdon, in order to my going 
to meet with Roger Pepys for counsel. In Fleet 
Streete I met with Mr. Salisbury, who is now grown in 
less than two years' time so great a limner that he is 
become excellent, and gets a great deal of money at 
it. I took him to Hercules Pillars ' to drink. 

31st. Singing-master came to me this morning; 
then to the office all the morning. In the afternoon 
I went to the Theatre, and there I saw " The Tamer 
Tamed " well done. And then home, and prepared 

' A tavern in Fleet Street. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 8/ 

to go to Walthamstow to-morrow. This night I was 
forced to borrow ;£"40 of Sir W. Batten. 

August I St. This morning Sir WilHams both, and 
my wife and I, and Mrs. Margarett Pen (this first time 
that I have seen her since she came from Ireland) 
went by coach to Walthamstow, a-gossiping to Mrs. 
Browne, where I did give her six silver spoons ^ for 
her boy. Here we had a venison pasty, brought hot 
from London, and were very merry. 

2d. I made myself ready to get a-horseback for 
Cambridge. So I set out and rode to Ware, this 
night, in the way having much discourse with a fell- 
monger, a Quaker, who told me what a wicked man 
he had been all his life-time till witliin this two years. 
Here I lay, and 

3rd. Got up early the next morning and got to 
Barkway, where I staid and drank, and there met 
with a letter-carrier of Cambridge, with whom I rode 
all the way to Cambridge, my horse being tired, and 
myself very wet with rayne. I went to the Castle 
Hill, where the Judges were at the Assizes ; and I 
staid till Roger Pepys rose and went with him, and 
dined with his brother, the Doctor, and Claxton at 
Trinity Hall. Then parted, and I went to the Rose, 
and there with Mr. Pechell,^ Sanchy, and others, sat 



1 But not the porringer of silver. See 29th May, 1661. (M. B.) 

2 John Peachell, Vicar of Stanwick and Prebendary of Carlisle, made 
Master of Magdalene College 1679, suspended from that office and deprived 
of the Vice-Chancellorship for refusing to admit Alban Francis, a Benedictine 
monk, to the degree of Master of Arts without his taking the oaths. He was 



88 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

and drank till night and were very merry, only they 
tell me how high the old doctors are in the University 
over those they found there, though a great deal better 
scholars than themselves ; for which I am very sorry, 



restored by James the Second's letter to the Mastership, Oct. 1688, and died 
1690. 

A copy of Dr. Peachell's sentence as it was fixt on the publick School 
Doors and Magdalen College Gates : 

" By His Majesties Commissioners for Ecclesiastical Causes and for the 
Visitation of the University and of every Collegiate and Cathedral Churches, 
CoUedges, Grammar Schools, Hospitals and other the Hke Incorporations, or 
Foundations or Societies. 

" AVhereas John Peachell, Dr. of Divinity, Vice Chancellour of Cambridge, 
Master of Magdalen CoUedge, in the said University, has been convend be- 
fore us for his disobedience to his Majesties Royal Letters mandatory and 
other his contempts : and the said Dr. John Peachell having been fully heard 
thereupon, we have thought fit after mature consideration of the matter to 
declare, decree and pronounce that the said Dr. John Peachell, shall for the 
said disobedience and contempt, be deprived from being Vice Chancellour of 
the said University, and from all power of acting in the same : and also that 
he be suspended ab officio et beneficio of his Mastership of the said CoUedge, 
during his Majesties pleasure : and accordingly we do by these presents de- 
prive him the said Di". John Peachell from being Vice Chancellour of the 
said University and from all power of acting in the same. And we also sus- 
pend him ab officio et beneficio of his Mastership of the said CoUedge, per- 
emptorily admonishing and requiring him hereby to abstain from the function 
of Master of the said CoUedge, during the said suspension under pain of 
deprivation from his said Mastership. And we also further order and decree, 
that the profit and perquisites belonging to his said Mastership, shall during 
the same suspension be applyed to the use and benefit of the said CoUedge. 

" Given under our Seal, the 7th day of May 1687. 
" Finis." 

" I find in the first Lord Dartmouth's manuscript notes on Bishop Bur- 
nett's History, that Dr. Peachell afterwards starved himself to death. Arch- 
bishop Sancroft having rebuked him for setting an ill example in the 
University by drunkenness and other loose behaviour. He did penance by 
four days' abstinence, after which he would have eaten but could not." — 
From the Master of Magdalene's " private " book. For his red ?iose, which 
made Pepys ashamed to be seen with him, see Diary, 3rd May, 1667. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 89 

and, above all, Dr. Gunning. At night I took horse, 
and rode with Roger Pepys and his two brothers to 
Impington, and there with great respect was led up 
by them to the best chamber in the house, and there 
slept. 

4th (Lord's day). Got up, and by and by walked 
into the orchard with my cozen Roger, and there 
plucked some fruit, and then discoursed at large about 
my uncle's will, in which he did give me good satis- 
faction, but tells me I shall meet with a great deal of 
trouble in it. However, in all things he told me what 
I am to expect and what to do. To church, and had 
a good plain sermon. At our coming in the country- 
people all rose with so much reverence ; and when 
the parson begins, he begins " Right worshipfull and 
dearly beloved " ^ to us. Home to dinner, and then 
to church again, and, after supper, to talk about pub- 
lique matters, wherein Roger Pepys told me how 
basely things have been carried in Parliament by the 
young men, that did labour to oppose all things that 
were moved by serious men. That they are the most 
prophane swearing fellows that ever he heard in his 
life, which makes him think that they will spoil all, 
and bring things into a warr again if they can. 

5 th. Early to Huntingdon, but was fain to stay a 
great while at Stanton because of the rayne, and there 
borrowed a coat of a man for 6^., and so he rode all 
the way, poor man, without any. Staid at Hunting- 

^ This takes away the originality of Dean Swift's " dearly beloved 
Roger ! " 



90 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

don for a little, but the judges are not come hither : 
so I went to Brampton, and there found my father 
very well, and my aunt gone from the house, which I 
am glad of, though it costs us a great deal of money, 
viz., lo/. After dinner took horse and rode to Yell- 
ing, to my cozen Nightingale's, who hath a pretty 
house here, and did learn of her all she could tell me 
concerning my business. 

6th. Up early and rode to Huntingdon, where I 
staid with Thos. Trice and Mr. Philips drinking till 
noone, and then home to my father, who could dis- 
cerne that I had been drinking, which he did never 
see or hear of before, so I eat a bit of dinner and 
then took horse for London, and with much ado, the 
ways being very bad, got to Bald wick,' and there lay 
and had a good supper by myself. The landlady 
being a pretty woman, but I durst not take notice of 
her, her husband being there. Before supper I went 
to see the church, which is a very handsome church, 
but I find that both here, and every where else that I 
come, the Quakers do still continue, and rather grow 
than lessen. 

7th. Called up at three o'clock, and was a-horseback 
by four ; and as I was eating my breakfast I saw a man 
riding by that rode a little way upon the road with 
me last night; and he being going with venison in 
his pan-yards to London, I called him in and did give 
him his breakfast with me, and so we went together 

I Baldock. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 9 1 

all the way. At Hatfield we bayted and walked into 
the great house through all the courts ; and I would 
fain have stolen a pretty dog that followed me, but I 
could not, which troubled me. To horse again, and 
by degrees with much ado got to London, where I 
found all well at home and at my father's and my 
Lady's, but no newes yet from my Lord where he is. 

8th. Early in the morning to Whitehall, but my 
Lord Privy Seale came not all the morning. To the 
Wardrobe to dinner. Back again to the Privy Seale ; 
but my Lord comes not all the afternoon, which made 
me mad and gives all the world reason to talk of his 
delaying of businesse, as well as of his severity and 
ill using of the Clerkes of the Privy Seale. In the 
evening I took Mons. Eschar and Mr. Moore and Dr. 
Pierce's brother to the taverne next the Savoy. Here 
I met with Mr. Mage, and discoursing of musique 
Mons. Eschar spoke so much against the English and 
in praise of the French that made him mad, and so 
he went away. 

9th. To the ofHce, where I found Sir G. Carteret 
had a day or two ago invited some of the officers to 
dinner to-day at Deptford. So at noon, when I heard 
that he was a-coming, I went out, because I would 
see whether he would send to me or no to go with 
them ; but he did not, which do a little trouble me 
till I see how it comes to pass. I to White Hall, 
where, after four o'clock, comes my Lord Privy Seale,' 

^ William, first Viscount, and second Baron Say and Sele, made Lord 
Privy Seal at the Restoration. Ob. April, 1662. 



92 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

and so we went up to his chamber over the gate at 
White Hall, where he asked me what deputacon I 
had from my Lord. I told him none ; but that I am 
sworn my Lord's deputy by both of the Secretarys, 
which did satisfye him. So he caused Mr. Moore 
to read over all the bills, and all ended very well. 
So that I see the Lyon is not so fierce as he is 
painted. 

loth. This morning came the mayde that my wife 
hath lately hired for a chamber mayde. She is very 
ugly, so that I cannot care for her, but otherwise she 
seems very good. I went to my Lady's and dined 
with her, and after dinner took the two young gentle- 
men and the two ladies and carried them and Captain 
Ferrers to the Theatre, and shewed them " The merry 
Devill of Edmunton," ^ which is a very merry play, 
the first time I ever saw it, which pleased me well. 
And that being done I took them all home by coach 
to my house and there gave them fruit to eat and 
wine. So by water home with them, and so home 
myself. 

nth (Lord's day). To our own church in the fore- 
noon, and in the afternoon to Clerkenwell Church, 
only to see the two fayre Botelers ; and I happened 
to be placed in the pew where they afterwards came 
to sit, but the pew by their coming being too full, I 
went out into the next, and there sat, and had my full 
view of them both, but I am out of conceit now with 

^ Anonymous; printed in 1608. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 93 

them, Colonel Dillon being come back from Ireland 
again, and do still court them, and comes to church 
with them, which makes me think they are not honest. 
Hence to Graye's-Inn walks, and there staid a good 
while ; where I met with Ned Pickering, who told me 
what a great match of hunting of a stagg the King 
had yesterday; and how the King tired all their 
horses, and come home with not above two or three 
able to keep pace with him. 

1 2th. At the office this morning. At home in the 
afternoon, and had notice that my Lord Hinching- 
broke is fallen ill, which I fear is with the fruit that 
I did give them on Saturday last at my house : so in 
the evening I went thither and there found him very 
ill, and in great fear of the small-pox. I supped with 
my Lady and did consult about him, but we find it 
best to let him lie where he do ; and so I went home 
with my heart full of trouble for my Lord Hinching- 
broke's sicknesse, and more for my Lord Sandwich's 
himself, whom we are now confirmed is sick ashore 
at Alicante, who, if he should miscarry, God knows 
in what condition would his family be. I dined to-day 
with my Lord Crew, who is now at Sir H. Wright's, 
while his new house is making fit for him, and he is 
much troubled also at these things. 

13th. To the Privy Scale in the morning, then to 
the Wardrobe and found my young Lord very ill. So 
my Lady intends to send her other three sons, Sidney, 
Oliver, and John, to my house, for fear of the small- 
pox. After dinner I went to my father's, and Pall 



94 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

being there I spoke to my father about my intention 
not to keep her longer for such and such reasons, 
which troubled him and me also, and had like to have 
come to some high words between my mother and 
me, who is become a very simple woman. Home, 
and there found my Lady's three sons come, of which 
I am glad that I am in condition to do her and my 
Lord any service in this kind, but my mind is yet 
very much troubled about my Lord of Sandwich's 
health, which I am afeard of. 

14th. This morning Sir W. Batten, and Sir W. Pen 
and I, waited upon the Duke of York in his chamber, 
to give him an account of the condition of the Navy 
for lack of money, and how our o\^^l very bills are 
offered upon the Exchange, to be sold at ^o in the 
100 loss. He is much troubled at it, and will speak 
to the King and Council of it this morning. So I 
went to my Lady's and dined with her, and found my 
Lord Hinchingbroke somewhat better. After dinner 
Captain Ferrers and I to the Theatre, and there saw 
"The Alchymist j " and there I saw Sir W. Pen, who 
took me when the play was done to the Dolphin, but 
not finding Sir W. Batten there, we went and carried 
a bottle of wine to his house, and there sat a while 
and talked, and so home to bed. At home I found a 
letter from Mr. Creed of the 15 th of July last, that 
tells me that my Lord is rid of his pain (which was 
wind got into the muscles of his right side) and his 
feaver, and is now in hopes to go abroad in a day or 
two, which do give me mighty great comfort. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 95 

15 th. To the Privy Seale and Whitehall, and at 
noon Sir W. Pen carried me to Paul's, and so I walked 
to the Wardrobe and dined with my Lady, and there 
told her of my Lord's sicknesse (of which though it 
hath been the town-talk this fortnight, she had heard 
nothings) and recovery, of which she was glad, 
though hardly persuaded of the latter. I found my 
Lord Hinchingbroke better and better, and the worst 
past. Thence to the Opera, which begins again to- 
day with " The Witts," ^ never acted yet with scenes ; 
and the King and Duke and Duchesse were there 
(who dined to-day with Sir H. Finch, reader at the 
Temple, in great state) ; and indeed it is a most 
excellent play, and admirable scenes. So home and 
was overtaken by Sir W. Pen in his coach. So I fol- 
lowed him to the Dolphin, where Sir W. Batten was, 
and there we sat awhile, and so home after we had 
made shift to fuddle Mr. Falconer of Woolv^^ch. 

1 6th. At the office all the morning, though litde to 
do ; because all our clerkes are gone to the buriall of 
Tom W^hitton, one of the Controller's clerkes, a very 
ingenious, and a likely young man to live, as any in 
the Office. But it is such a sickly time both in City 
and country every where (of a sort of fever), that 
never was heard of almost, unless it was in a plague- 

^ So of the Emperor Claudius : 

" Dabilur mora parvula dum res 
Nota urbi et populo contingat Principis aures. 
Dedecus ille domus sciet ultimus." 

Juv. Sat. X. 340. (M. B.) 
2 A comedy, by Sir W. Davenant. 



96 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

time. Among others, the famous Tom Fuller^ is 
dead of it ; and Dr. Nichols,^ Dean of Paul's ; and 
my Lord General Monk is very dangerously ill. 
Dined at home with the children and were merry. I 
understand my Aunt Fenner is upon the point of 
death. 

1 7th. At the Privy Scale, where we had a seale this 
morning. Then met with Ned Pickering, and walked 
with him into St. James's Park (where I had not been 
a great while), and there found great and very noble 
alterations. And, in our discourse, he was very for- 
ward to complain and to speak loud of the lewdnesse 
and beggary of the Court, which I am sorry to hear, 
and which I am afeard will bring all to ruin again. 
I to the Opera, and saw " The Witts " again, which I 
hke exceedingly. The Queene of Bohemia was here, 
brought by my Lord Craven.3 So Captain Ferrers 
and I and another to the Devil taveme and drank, 
and so by coach home. Troubled in mind that I 
cannot bring myself to mind my business, but to be 
so much in love of plays. We have been at a great 
loss a great while for a vessel that I sent about a 
month ago with things of my Lord's to Lynn, and 



^ D.D., Author of the "Worthies of England," Chaplain to the King, 
and Prebendary of Salisbury. 

2 Matthew Nicholas, D.D., installed Dean of St. Paul's, July, 1660. 
Ob. August 14, 1661, He was brother to Sir Edward Nicholas, Secretary of 
State. 

3 William, first Earl of Craven, a Privy Councillor, and Colonel of the 
Coldstream Guards ; supposed to be married to the Queen of Bohemia. Ob. 
1697, aged 88. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 97 

cannot till now hear of them, but now we are told 
that they are put into Scale Bay, but to what purpose 
I know not. 

1 8th (Lord's day). To our own church in the 
morning and so home to dinner, where my father and 
Dr. Tom Pepys came to me to dine, and were very 
merry. After dinner I took my wife and Mr. Sidney 
to my Lady to see my Lord Hinchingbroke, who is 
now pretty well again, and sits up and walks about his 
chamber. So I went to White Hall, and there hear 
that my Lord General Monk continues very ill : so I 
went to la belle Pierce and sat with her ; and then to 
walk in St. James's Park, and saw a great variety of 
fowle which I never saw before. At night fell to read 
in " Hooker's Ecclesiastical Polity," which Mr. Moore 
did give me last Wednesday very handsomely bound ; 
and which I shall read with great pains and love for 
his sake. 

19th. I am sent for to the Privy Scale, and there I 
found a thing of my Lord Chancellor's ' to be sealed 
this afternoon, and so I am forced to go to Worcester 

^ This " thing " was probably one of those large grants which Clarendon 
quietly, or, as he himself says, " without noise or scandal," procured from the 
King. Besides lands and manors, Clarendon states at one time that the King 
gave him a " little billet into his hand, that contained a warrant of his own 
handwriting to Sir Stephen Fox to pay to the Chancellor the sum of 20,000/., 
of which nobody could have notice." In 1662, he received 25,000/. out of the 
money voted to the King by the Parliament of Ireland, as he mentions in his 
vindication of himself against the impeachment of the Commons : and we 
shall see that Pepys, in February, 1664, names another sum of 20,000/. given 
to the Chancellor to clear the mortgage upon Clarendon Park ; and this last 
sum, it was believed, was paid from the money received from France by the 
sale of Dunkirk. 



98 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

House, where severall Lords are met in Council this 
afternoon. And while I am waiting there, in comes 
the King in a plain common riding-suit and velvet 
cap, in which he seemed a very ordinary man to one 
that had not known him. Here I staid till at last, 
hearing that my Lord Privy Scale had not the scale 
here, Mr. Moore and I hired a coach and went to 
Chelsy, and there at an alehouse sat and drank and 
past the time till my Lord Privy Scale came to his 
house, and so we to him and examined and sealed the 
thing, and so homewards, but when we came to look 
for our coach we found it gone, so we were fain to 
walk home afoot and saved our money. We met with 
a companion that walked with us, and coming among 
some trees near the Neate ' houses, he began to 
whistle, which did give us some suspicion, but it 
proved that he that answered him was Mr. Marsh 



* " The Neat Houses are a parcel of houses most seated on the banks of 
the river Thames and inhabited by gardeners, for which it is of note for the 
supplying London and Westminster markets with Asparagus, Artichoaks, 
Cauliflowers, Musk-melons, and the like useful things." — Strype, b. vi. 
p. 67. 

Edward VI. granted the house called the Neate, and all the site, &c., 
situated in the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields, to Sir Anthony Browne. 
There are some houses still called the Neate Houses, situated near the water 
side, in that part of Chelsea which lies in the parish of St. George, Hanover 
Square, and was formerly part of St. Martin's. 

"The xiiij of Maie 1621. To the iiij Bearers for bringing the drowned 
woman from the Thames neare the Neate house, und." — Accounts of the 
Overseers of St. Martin's in the Fields. LvsONs's Environs, vol. ii. p. 181. 

" We hear that Madam Ellen Gwyn's mother sitting lately by the water 
side at her house by the Neate Houses, near Chelsea, fell accidentally into 
the water and was drowned." — Domestic Intelligencer, August 5th, 1679. 
Cunningham, Handbook 0/ London, vol. ii. p. 580. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 99 

(the Liitenist) and his \vife, and so we all walked to 
Westminster together, in our way drinking a while at 
my cost, and had a song of him, but his voice is quite 
lost. So walked home, and there I found that my 
Lady do keep the children at home, and lets them 
not come any more hither at present, which a little 
troubles me to lose their company. This day my aunt 
Fenner dyed. 

20th. This day we come to some agreement with 
Sir R. Ford for his house to be added to the office to 
enlarge our quarters. 

2 1 St. To Will. Joyce's and to an alehouse, and 
drank a good while together, he being very angry 
that his father Fenner will give him and his brother 
no more for mourning than their father did give him 
and my aunt at their mother's death, and a very 
troublesome fellow I still find him to be, that his com- 
pany ever wearys me. I understand by Mr. Moore 
that my Lady Sandwich is brought to bed yesterday 
of a young Lady, and is very well. We went to 
Mrs. Terry, a daughter of Mr. Whately's, who lately 
offered a proposal of her sister for a wife for my 
brother Tom, and so to Mrs. Whately's, and there 
were well received, and she desirous to have the thing 
go fonvard, only is afeard that her daughter is too 
young and portion not big enough, but offers 200/. 
down with her. The girle is very well favoured, and 
a very child, but modest, and one I think will do very 
well for my brother : so parted till she hears from 
Hatfield from her husband, who is there ; but I find 

814474A 



100 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

them very desirous of it, and so am I. Hence home 
to my father's, and I to the Wardrobe, where I supped 
with the ladies,' and hear their mother is well and the 
young child. 

22nd. To the Privy Scale, and sealed; so home at 
noon, and there took my wife by coach to my uncle 
Fenner's, where there was both at his house and the 
Sessions, great deal of company, but poor entertain- 
ment, which I wonder at ; and the house so hot, that 
my uncle Wight, my father and I were fain to go out, 
and stay at an alehouse awhile to cool ourselves. 
7'hen back again and to church, my father's family 
being all in mourning, doing him the greatest honour, 
the world believing that he did give us it : so to church, 
and staid out the sermon, and then with my aunt 
Wight, my wife, and Pall and I to her house by coach, 
and there staid and supped upon a Westphaha ham, 
and so home and to bed. 

23rd. This morning I went to my father's, and 
there found him and my mother in a discontent, 
which troubles me much, and indeed she is become 
very simple and unquiet. So to W. Joyce's, where by 
appointment my wife was, and I took her to the 
Opera, and shewed her "The Witts," which I had 
seen already twice, and was most highly pleased 
with it. 

24th. At the office all the morning and did busi- 
ness ; by and by we are called to Sir W. Batten's to 

* Montagu. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 10 1 

see the strange creature that Captain Holmes hath 
brought with him from Guiny ; it is a great baboon, 
but so much hke a man in most things, that though 
they say there is a species of them, yet I cannot 
beheve but that it is a monster got of a man and she- 
baboon. I do beheve that it already understands 
much English, and I am of the mind it might be 
taught to speak or make signs. To the Opera, and 
there saw " Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke," done with 
scenes very well, but above all, Betterton did the 
Prince's part beyond imagination. 

25th (Lord's day). At church in the morning, and 
dined at home with my wife very comfortably, and 
so again to church with her, and had a very good 
and pungent sermon of Mr. Mills, discoursing the 
necessity of restitution. Home, and I found my Lady 
Batten and her daughter to look something askew 
upon my wife, because my wife do not buckle to them, 
and is not solicitous for their acquaintance, which I 
am not troubled at at all. By and by comes in my 
father, who intends to go into the country to-morrow, 
and he and I among other discourse at last called 
Pall up to us, and there in great anger I told her 
before my father that I would keep her no longer, 
and my father he said he would have nothing to do 
with her. At last, after we had brought down her 
high spirit, I got my father to yield that she should go 
into the country with my mother and him, and stay 
there awhile to see how she will demean herself. 
That being done, my father and I to my uncle Wight's, 



102 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

and there supped, and I home, my mind at some rest 
upon this making an end with Pall, who do trouble 
me exceedingly. 

26th. This morning before I went out I made even 
with my mayde Jane, who has this day been my mayde 
three years, and is this day to go into the country to 
her mother. The poor girle cried, and I could hardly 
forbear weeping to think of her going, for though she 
be grown lazy and spoilt by Pall's coming, yet I shall 
never have one to please us better in all things, and 
so harmless, while I live. So I paid her her wages 
and gave her 2s. 6d. over, and bade her adieu, with 
my mind full of trouble at her going. Hence to my 
father, where he and I and Thomas together setting 
things even, and casting up my father's accounts, and 
upon the whole I find that all he hath in money of his 
owne due to him in the world is but 45/., and he owes 
about the same summe : so that I cannot but think in 
what a condition he had left my mother if he should 
have died before my uncle Robert. Thence to the 
Theatre, and saw the " Antipodes," ' wherein there is 
much mirth, but no great matter else. Hence with 
Mr. Bostock to the Devil taverne, and there drank and 
so away. I to my uncle Fenner's, where my father 
was with him at an alehouse, and so we three went 
by ourselves and sat talking a great while about a 
broker's daughter that he do propose for a wife for 
Tom, with a great portion, but I fear it will not take, 

^ A comedy, by Richard Brorae. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. IO3 

but he will do what he can. I found a letter from 
my Lord Sandwich, who is now very well again of his 
feaver, but not yet gone from Alicante, where he lay 
sick, and was twice let blood. This letter dated the 
22nd July last, which puts me out of doubt of his 
being ill. 

27th. This morning to the Wardrobe, and there 
took leave of my Lord Hinchingbroke and his brother, 
and saw them go out by coach toward Rye in their 
way to France, whom God blesse. Then I was called 
up to my Lady's bedside, where we talked an houre 
about Mr. Edward Montagu's disposing of the 5000/. 
for my Lord's departure for Portugal, and our fears 
that he will not do it to my Lord's honour, and less 
to his profit, which I am to enquire a little after. 
Hence to the office, and there sat till noon, and then 
my wife and I by coach to my cozen, Thos. Pepys, 
the Executor, to dinner, where some ladies and my 
father and mother, where very merry, but methinks 
he makes but poor dinners for such guests, though 
there was a poor venison pasty. Hence my wife and 
I to the theatre, and there saw " The Joviall Crew," » 
where the King, Duke and Duchesse, and Madame 
Palmer, were ; and my wife, to her great content, had 
a full sight of them all the while. The play full of 
mirth. Hence to my father's. In my way and at 
home, my wife making a sad story to me of her 
brother Baity' s condition, and would have me to do 

* Or the " Merry Beggars," a Comedy, by Richard Brome. 



104 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

something for him, which I shall endeavour to do, 
but am afeard to meddle therein for fear I shall not 
be able to wipe my hands of him again, when I once 
concern myself for him. 

28th. At home all the morning setting papers in 
order. This day I counterfeited a letter to Sir W. 
Pen, as from the thiefe that stole his tankard lately, 
only to abuse and laugh at him. 

29th. At the office all the morning, and at noon 
my father, mother, and my aunt Bell come to dine 
with me, and we were very merry. Mr. Evans, the 
taylor, whose daughter we have had a mind to get for 
a wife for Tom, told us that he hath not to except 
against us or our motion, but that the estate that God 
hath blessed him with is too great to give where there 
is nothing in present possession but a trade and house ; 
and so we friendly ended. 

30th. At noon my wife and I met at the Wardrobe, 
and there dined with the children, and after dinner up 
to my Lady's bedside, and talked and laughed a good 
while. Then my wife and I to Drury Lane to the 
French comedy, which was so ill done, and the scenes 
and company and every thing else so nasty and out 
of order and poor, that I was sick all the while in 
my mind to be there. Here my wife met with a son 
of my Lord Somersett,^ whom she knew in France, 



^ Lord John Somerset, second son of the first Marquis of Worcester, had 
himself three sons, Henrj', Thomas, and Charles, but it is uncertain which is 
here meant. There was no other Lord Somerset to whom the passage could 
apply. It was probably Thomas, as the other brothers were married. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. IO5 

a pretty man ; I showed him no great countenance, 
to avoyd further acquaintance. That done, there 
being nothing pleasant but the foolery of the farce, 
we went home. 

31st. At home and the office all the morning, and 
at noon comes Luellin to me, and he and I to Bar- 
tholomew fair, and there upon his motion to a pitiful 
alehouse, and then I back again to the fair all alone, 
and there met with my Ladies Jemimah and Paulina, 
with Mr. Pickering and Madamoiselle,' at seeing the 
monkeys dance, which was much to see, when they 
could be brought to do so, but it troubled me to sit 
among such nasty company. After that with them 
into Christ's Hospitall, and there Mr. Pickering bought 
them some fairings, and I did give every one of them 
a bauble, which was the little globes of glass with 
things hanging in them, which pleased the ladies very 
well. After that home with them in their coach, and 
there was called up to my Lady, and she would have 
me stay to talk with her, which I did I think a full 
houre. And the poor lady did with so much inno- 
cency tell me how Mrs. Crispe had told her that she 
did intend, by means of a lady that lies at her house, 
to get the King to be godfather to the young lady that 
she is in childbed now of; but to see in what a man- 
ner my Lady told it me, protesting that she sweat in 
the very telling of it, was the greatest pleasure to me 
in the world to see the simplicity and harmlessnesse 

* The young ladies' governess. 



Ip6 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

of a lady. Then down to supper with the ladies, and 
so home. 

Thus ends the month. My mayde Jane newly gone, 
and Pall ^ left now to do all the work till another 
mayde comes, which shall not be till she goes away 
into the country with my mother. Myself and wife in 
good health. My father gone to settle at Brampton, 
and myself under much business and trouble for to 
settle things in the estate to our content. But what is 
worst, I find myself lately too much given to seeing 
of plays, and expense, and pleasure, which makes me 
forget my business, which I must labour to amend. 
No money comes in, so that I have been forced to 
borrow a great deal for my own expenses, and to 
furnish my father, to leave things in order. I have 
some trouble about m.y brother Tom, who is now left 
to keep my father's trade, in which I have great fears 
that he will miscarry for want of brains and care. At 
Court things are in very ill condition, there being so 
much emulacion, poverty, and the vices of drinking, 
swearing, and loose amours, that I know not what will 
be the end of it, but confusion. And the Clergy so 
high, that all people that I meet with do protest against 
their practice. In short, I see no content or satisfaction 
any where, in any one sort of people. The Benevo- 
lence ^ proves so little and an occasion of so much 
discontent every where, that it had better it had never 

^ Paulina Pepys. 

2 A voluntary contribution made by the subjects to their Sovereign. Upon 
this occasion the clergy alone gave 33,743/. See 31st May, 1661, ante. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 10/ 

been set up. I think to subscribe 20/. We are at our 
Office quiet, only for lack of money all things go to 
rack. Our very bills offered to be sold upon the Ex- 
change at 10 per cent. loss. We are upon getting Sir 
R. Ford's house added to our Office. But I see so 
many difficulties will follow in pleasing of one another 
in the dividing of it, and in becoming bound person- 
ally to pay the rent of 200/. per annum, that I do 
beUeve it will yet scarce come to pass. The season 
very sickly every where of strange and fatal fevers. 

September ist (Lord's day). Last night being very 
rainy [the rain] broke into my house, the gutter being 
stopped, and spoiled all my ceilings almost. At church 
in the morning. After dinner to Sir W. Batten's, 
where I found Sir W. Pen, and we were very merry 
with Sir W. Pen about the loss of his tankard, though 
all be but a cheate, and he do not yet understand it ; 
but the tankard was stole by Sir W. Batten, and the 
letter, as from the thiefe, wrote by me, which makes 
very good sport. Captain Holmes and I by coach to 
White Hall ; in our way, I found him by discourse, to 
be a great friend of my Lord's, and he told me there 
was many did seek to remove him ; but they were old 
seamen, such as Sir J. Minnes » (but he would name 



* John Mennes, or Minnes, bom at Sandwich in 1598, educated at Corpus 
Christi College, Oxford, became afterwards a great traveller and noted sea- 
man: he held a place in the Navy Office during the reigns of the two elder 
Stuarts, and was knighted at Dover, in 1641, by Charles I. Adhering to the 
royal cause, he was, after the Restoration, appointed Governor of Dover 
Castle, and commanded the " Henry," as a Vice- Admiral, in the fleet that 
brought Catherine of Braganza to Engjand. Subsequently he was made 



I08 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

no more, though he do beheve Sir W. Batten is one 
of them that do envy him) , but he says he knows that 
the King do so love him, and the Duke of York too, 
that there is no fear of him. He seems to be very 
well acquainted with the King's mind, and with all the 
several factions at Court, and spoke all with so much 
franknesse, that I do take him to be my Lord's good 
friend, and one able to do him great service, being a 
cunning fellow, and one (by his own confession to 
me) that can put on two several faces, and look his 
enemies in the face v/ith as much love as his friends. 
But, good God ! what an age is this, and what a world 
is this ! that a man cannot live without playing the 
knave and dissimulation. 

2nd. To Westminster Hall with Captain Ferrers, 
where we met with Mr. Pickering, and so all of us 
to the Rhenish wine house, where the master of the 
house is laying out some money in making a cellar 
with an arch in his yard, which is very convenient for 
him, and so Mr. Pickering and I to Westminster Hall 
again, and there walked an houre or two talking, and 
though he be a fool, yet he keeps much company, 
and will tell all he sees or hears, and so a man may 
understand what the common talk of the town is, and 
I find by him that there are endeavours to get my 



Comptroller of the Navy, which office he retained till his death, in 1670-1. 
He is buried in the church of St. Clave, Hart Street, where, in the south 
aisle, part of a monument to his memory is still to be seen. Wood describes 
him as an honest and stout man, generous and religious, well skilled in physic 
and chymistry, and the author of " Musarura Delici«," and other poems. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. IO9 

Lord out of play at sea, which I beheve Mr. Coventry 
and the Duke do think will make them more absolute ; 
but I hope, for all this, they will not be able to do it. 
He tells me plainly of the vices of the Court. From 
him by water to the bridge, and thence to the Mitre, 
where I met my uncle and aunt Wight, and so I staid 
with them, very merry, and so home, where my wife 
has been busy all day making of pies, and had been 
abroad and bought things for herself, and tells me 
that she met at the Change with my young ladies of 
the Wardrobe, and there helped them to buy things, 
and also with Mr. Somersett, who did give her a 
bracelet of rings, which did a little trouble me, though 
I know there is no hurt yet in it, but only for fear of 
further acquaintance. So to bed. This night I sent 
another letter to Sir W. Pen to offer him the return 
of his tankard upon his leaving of 305-. at a place 
where it should be brought. The issue of which I 
am to expect. 

3rd. This day some of us Commissioners went 
down to Deptford to pay off some ships, but I could 
not go. Dined at home, and then with my wife to 
the Wardrobe, where my Lady's child was christened 
(my Lord Crew and his Lady, and my Lady Montagu, 
my Lord's mother-in-law, were the witnesses), and 
named Katherine ^ (the Queen elect's name) ; but to 



^ Lady Catherine Montagu, youngest daughter of Lord Sandwich, mar- 
ried, first, Nicholas Bacon, eldest son and heir of Sir Nicholas Bacon, K.B., 
of Shrubland Hall, co. Suffolk; and, secondly, the Rev, Balthazar Gardeman. 
She died January 15, 1757, aet. 96 years, 4 months. — M. I. 



no DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

my and all our trouble, the Parson of the parish 
christened her, and did not sign the child with the 
sign of the cross. After that was done, we had a very 
fine banquet, the best I ever was at, and so we by and 
by broke up, and my wife and I to my mother, who I 
took a liberty to advise about her getting things ready 
to go this week into the country to my father, and she 
(being become now-a-days very simple) took it very 
ill, and we had a great deal of noise and wrangling 
about it. So home by coach. 

4th. In the morning to the Privy Scale. Then my 
wife came to me to Whitehall, and we went and 
walked a good while in St. James's Parke to see the 
brave alterations, and so to Wilkinson's, the Cook's, 
to dinner, where we had oysters, the first I have eat 
this year, and were pretty good. 

5th. To the Privy Scale this morning about busi- 
ness, in my way taking leave of my mother, who goes 
to Brampton to-day. But doing my business at the 
Privy Scale pretty soon, I took boat and went to my 
uncle Fenner's, and there I found my mother and 
my wife and Pall (of whom I had this morning at my 
own house taken leave, and given her 20s. and good 
counsel how to carry herself to my father and moth- 
er), and so I took them and put them into the 
waggon, and saw them going presently. To my uncle 
Fenner's to dinner, in the way meeting a French foot- 
man ^ with feathers, who was in quest of my wife, and 

* Apparently a servant of Mr. Somerset's. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. Ill 

spoke with her privately, but I could not tell what it 
was, only my wife promised to go to some place to- 
morrow morning, which do trouble my mind how to 
know whither it was. My wife and I to the fayre, and 
I showed her the Italians dancing the ropes, and the 
women that do strange tumbling tricks. 

6th. This morning my uncle Fenner by appoint- 
ment came and drank his morning draft with me, my 
wife holding her resolution to go this morning as she 
resolved yesterday, and though there could not be 
much hurt in it, yet my own jealousy put a hundred 
things into my mind, which did much trouble me all 
day. To dinner all alone, and thence my mind being 
for my wife's going abroad much troubled and unfit 
for business, I went to the Theatre, and saw " Elder 
Brother" ill acted; that done, meeting here with Sir 
G. Askew, Sir Theophilus Jones,' and another Knight, 
with Sir W. Pen, we to the Ship taveme, and there 
staid and were merry till late at night, and so got a 
coach, and Sir Wm. and I home, where my wife had 
been long come home, but I seemed very angry, as 
indeed I am, and did not all night show her any coun- 
tenance, and so slept and rose discontented. 

7th. At the office all the morning. At noon Mr. 
Moore dined with me, and so I having appointed the 
young ladies ^ at the Wardrobe to go with them to a 
play to-day, my wife and I took them to the theatre, 

^ Sir Theophilus Jones had represented the county of Dublin in Parlia- 
ment, and served as a colonel in the Commonwealth army. 
2 Lord Sandwich's family of daughters. 



112 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

where we seated ourselves close by the King, and 
Duke of York, and Madame Palmer, which was great 
content ; and, indeed, I can never enough admire her 
beauty. And here was " Bartholomew Fa5n:e," * with 
the puppet-showe, acted to-day, which had not been 
these forty years (it being so satyricall against Puritan- 
ism, they durst not till now, which is strange they 
should already dare to do it, and the King do counte- 
nance it), but I do never a whit like it the better for 
the puppets, but rather the worse. Thence home 
with the ladies, it being by reason of our staying a 
great while for the King's coming, and the length of 
the play, near nine o'clock before it was done. 

8th (Lord's day). To church, dined at home, and 
so to church again with my wife in the afternoon, and 
coming home again found our new mayde Doll asleep, 
that she could not hear to let us in, so that we were 
fain to send the boy in at a window to open the door 
to us. So up to my chamber all alone, and troubled 
in mind to think how much of late I have addicted 
myself to expense and pleasure, that now I can hard- 
ly reclaime myself. I pray God give me grace to 
begin now to look after my business, but it always 
was, and I fear will ever be, my foible that after I am 
once got behindhand with business, I am hard to set 
to it again to recover it. In the evening I begun to 
look over my accounts, and upon the whole I do find 
myself, by what I can yet see, worth near 600/., for 

I A Comedy, by Ben Jonson ; first acted in 1614. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. I13 

which God be blessed, which put me into great com- 
fort. So to supper and to bed. 

9th. To the Privy Scale in the morning, but my 
Lord did not come, so I went with Captain Morrice 
at his desire into the King's Privy Kitchen to Mr. 
Sayres, the Master Cooke, and there we had a good 
slice of beef or two to our breakfast, and from thence 
he took us into the wine cellar where, by my troth, 
we were very merry, and I drank so much wine that 
I was not fit for business, and therefore at noon I went 
and walked in Westminster Hall a while, and thence 
to Salisbury Court play house, where was acted the 
first time " 'Tis pity Shee's a W — e," ^ a simple play 
and ill acted, only it was my fortune to sit by a most 
pretty and most ingenious lady, which pleased me 
much. To the Dolphin to drink the 2ps. that we got 
the other day of Sir W. Pen about his tankard. Here 
was Sir R. Slingsby, Holmes, Captn. Allen, Mr. Turner, 
his wife and daughter, my Lady Batten, and Mrs. 
Martha, &c., and an excellent company of fiddlers ; 
so we exceeding merry till late ; and then we begun 
to tell Sir W. Pen the business, but he had been drink- 
ing to-day, and so is almost gone, that we could not 
make him understand it, which caused us more sport. 

loth. At the office all the morn, dined at home, 
and so to the Wardrobe to see my Lady, and after 
supper with the young ladies, bought a linke and car- 
ried it myself till I met one that would light me home 

* A tragedy, by John Forde, 



114 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

for the linke. So he hght me home with his own, and 
then I did give him mine. 

nth. To Dr. Williams, who did carry me into his 
garden, where he hath abundance of grapes ; and he 
did show me how a dog that he hath do kill all the 
cats that come thither to kill his pigeons, and do 
afterwards bury them ; and do it with so much care 
that they shall be quite covered ; that if but the tip 
of the tail hangs out he will take up the cat again, and 
dig the hole deeper. Which is very strange ; and he 
tells me that he do believe that he hath killed above 
loo cats. Home to my house to dinner, where I 
found my wife's brother. Baity,' as fine as hands could 
make him, and his servant, a Frenchman, to wait on 
him, and come to have my wife to visit a young lady 
which he is a servant to, and have hope to trepan 
and get for his wife. I did give way for my wife to 
go with him. Walking through Lincoln's Inn Fields 
observed at the Opera a new play, "Twelfth Night," 
was acted there, and the King there j so I, against my 
own mind and resolution, could not forbear to go in, 
which did make the play seem a burthen to me, and 
I took no pleasure at all in it ; and so after it was 
done went home with my mind troubled for my going 
thither, after my swearing to my wife that I would 
never go to a play without her. So that what with 
this and things going so crosse to me as to matters of 
my uncle's estate, makes me very much troubled in 

1 Balthazar St. Michel. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. II5 

my mind, and so to bed. My wife was with her 
brother to see his mistress to-day, and says she is 
young, rich, and handsome, but not likely for him to 
get. 

12th. To my Lady's to dinner at the Wardrobe; 
and in my way upon the Thames, I saw the King's 
new pleasure-boat that is come now for the King to 
take pleasure in above bridge ; and also two Gun- 
daloes ' that are lately brought, which are very rich 
and fine. To Tom Trice ; by and by in comes my 
uncle Thomas, and as he was always a close cunning 
fellow, so he carries himself to me, and says nothing 
of what his endeavours are, though to my trouble I 
know that he is about recovering of Gravely, but 
neither I nor he began any discourse of the business. 
From thence to Dr. Williams (at the little blind ale- 
house in Shoe Lane, at the Gridiron, a place I am 
ashamed to be seen to go into), and there with some 
bland counsel of his we discuss our matters, but I 
find men of so different minds that by my troth I 
know not what to trust to. It being late I took leave, 
and by linke home and called at Sir W. Batten's, and 
there hear that Sir W. Pen do take our jest of the 
tankard very ill, which I am sorry for. 

13th. This morning I was sent for by my uncle 



^ " Two long boats that were made in Venice, called gondolas, were by 
the Duke of Venice (Dominico Contareni), presented to His Majesty; and 
the attending watermen, being four, were in very rich clothes, crimson satin; 
very big were their breeches and doublets ; they wore also very large shirts 
of the same satin, very richly laced." — Rugge's Diurnal. 



Il6 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

Fenner to come and advise about the buriall of my 
aunt/ the butcher, who died yesterday; and from 
thence to the Anchor, by Doctor's Commons, and 
there Dr. Wilhams and I did write a letter for my 
purpose to Mr. Sedgewicke, of Cambridge, about 
Gravely business, and after that I left him and went 
to the Wardrobe, where I found my wife, and thence 
she and I to the water to spend the afternoon in 
pleasure ; and so we went to old George's, and there 
eat as much as we would of a hot shoulder of mutton, 
and so to boat again and home. 

14th. At the office all the morning, at noon to the 
Change, and then home again. To dinner, where my 
uncle Fenner by appointment came and dined with 
me, thinking to go together to my aunt Kite's that is 
dead ; but before we had dined comes Sir R. Slingsby 
and his lady, and a great deal of company, to take my 
wife and I out by barge to shew them the King's and 
Duke's yachts, and we had great pleasure, seeing all 
four yachts, viz., these two and the two Dutch ones. 
And so home again, and after writing letters by post, 
to bed. 

15th (Lord's day). To my aunt Kite's in the morn- 
ing to help my uncle Fenner to put things in order 
against anon for the buriall, and at noon home again ; 
and after dinner to church, my wife and I, and after 
sermon with my wife to the buriall of my aunt Kite, 
where besides us and my uncle Fenner's family, there 

I Mrs. Kite. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 11/ 

was none of any quality, but poor rascally people. 
So we went to church with the corps, and there had 
service read at the grave, and back again with Pegg 
Kite, who will be, I doubt, a troublesome carrion ' to 
us executors ; but if she will not be ruled, I shall 
fling up my executorship. 

1 6th. This morning I was busy at home to take in 
my part of our freight of Coles, which Sir G. Carteret, 
Sir R. Slingsby, and myself sent for, which is lo 
Chaldron, 8 of which I took in, and with the other to 
repay Sir W. Pen what I borrowed of him a little 
while ago. So that from this day I should see how 
long lo chaldron of coals will serve my house, if it 
please the Lord to let me live to see them burned. 
Word was brought me from my brother's that there is 
a fellow come from my father out of the country, 
which I believed, but I afterwards found that it was a 
rogue that did use to play such tricks to get money 
of people, but he got none of me. Home, and there 
found letters from my father informing me of the 
Court,2 and that I must come down and meet him at 
Impington, which I presently resolved to do, and 

1 7th. The next morning got up, telling my wife of 
my journey, and she with a few words got me to hire 
her a horse to go along with me. So I went to my 
Lady's and elsewhere to take leave, and of Mr. Town- 



* A fling at the butcher's trade. 

2 The manorial Court of Graveley, in Huntingdonshire, to which Imping- 
tan owed suit or service, and under which the Pepys's copyhold estates were 
held. See July 8, 1661, ante. 



Il8 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

send did borrow a very fine side-saddle for my wife ; 
and so after all things were ready, she and I took 
coach to the end of the towne towards Kingsland, and 
there got upon my horse and she upon her pretty 
mare that I hired for her, and she rides very well. 
By the mare at one time falling she got a fall, but no 
harm ; so we got to Ware, and there supped, and to 
bed very merry and pleasant. 

17th. The next morning up early and begun our 
march ; the way about Puckridge very bad, and my 
wife, in the very last dirty place of all, got a fall, but 
no hurt, though some dirt. At last she begun, poor 
wretch, to be tired, and I to be angry at it, but I was 
to blame ; for she is a very good companion as long 
as she is well. In the afternoon we got to Cambridge, 
where I left my wife at my cozen Angler's while I 
went to Christ's College, and there found my brother 
in his chamber, and talked with him ; and so to the 
barber's, and then to my wife again, and remounted 
for Impington, where my uncle received me and my 
wife very kindly. 

19th. Up early, and my father and I alone in the 
garden, and there talked about our business, and then 
we all horsed away to Cambridge, where my father 
and I, having left my wife at the Beare with my 
brother, went to Mr. Sedgewicke, the steward of 
Gravely, and there talked with him, but could get 
little hopes from anything that he would tell us ; but 
at last I did give him a fee, and then he was free to 
tell me what I asked, which was something, though 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. II9 

not much comfort. From thence to our horses, and 
with my wife went and rode through Sturbridge fayre, 
but the fayre was almost done. So we did not hght 
there at all, but went back to Cambridge, and there 
at the Beare had some herrings, we and my brother, 
and after dinner set out for Brampton, where we come 
in very good time. 

20th. Will Stankes and I set out in the morning 
betimes for Gravely, where to an alehouse and drank, 
and then, going towards the Court House, met my 
uncle Thomas and his son Thomas, with Bradly, the 
rogue that had betrayed us, and one Young, a cunning 
fellow, who guides them. There passed no unkind 
words at all between us, but I seemed fair and went to 
drink with them. I said little till by and by that we 
come to the Court, which was a simple meeting of a 
company of country rogues, with the Steward, and 
two Fellows of Jesus College, that are lords of the 
towne where the jury were swome ; and I producing 
no surrender, though I told them I was sure there is 
and must be one somewhere, they found my uncle 
Thomas heire at law,^ as he is, and so my uncle was 
admitted, and his son also, in reversion. The uncle 
paid a year and a half for his fine, and the son half a 
year, in all 48/., besides about 3/. fees ; so that I do 
believe the charges of his journeys, and what he gives 
those two rogues, and other expenses herein, cannot 
be less than 70/., which will be a sad thing for them 

» To Robert Pepys, of Brampton. 



120 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

if a surrender be found. After all was done, I openly 
wished them joy in it, and so rode to Offord with 
them and there parted fairly without any words. So 
with Stankes home and supped, and after telling my 
father how things went, I went to bed with my mind 
in good temper, because I see the matter and manner 
of the Court and the bottom of my business, wherein 
I was before and should always have been ignorant. 

2 1 St. After dinner (there coming this morning my 
aunt Hanes and her son from London, that is to live 
with my father) I rode to Huntingdon, and so to 
Hinchingbroke, where Mr. Barnwell shewed me the 
condition of the house, which is yet very backward, 
and I fear will be very dark in the cloyster when it 
is done. 

22nd (Lord's day). To church, where we had com- 
mon prayer, and a dull sermon by one Mr. Case, who 
yet I heard sing very well. So to dinner, and busy 
with my father about his accounts. 

23rd. Up, and sad to hear my father and mother 
wrangle as they used to do in London, of which I took 
notice to both, and told them that I should give over 
care for anything unless they would spend what they 
have with more love and quiet. So we took horse 
and got early to Baldwick,^ where there was a fayre, 
and we put in and eat a mouthfull of porke, which 
they made us pay 14^. for, which vexed us much. 
And so away to Stevenage, and staid till a showre was 

I Baldock. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 121 

over, and so rode easily to Welling, where we supped 
well, and had two beds in the room and so lay single, 
and still remember it that of all the nights that ever I 
slept in my life I never did pass a night with more 
epicurism of sleep ; there being now and then a noise 
of people stirring that waked me, and then I was a 
little weary, that what between waking and then sleep- 
ing again, one after another, I never had so much 
content in all my life, and so my wife says it was 
with her, 

24th. We rose, and set forth, but found a most sad 
alteration in the roade by reason of last night's rains, 
they being now all dirty and washy, though not deep. 
So we rode easily through, and only drinking at Hollo- 
way, at the sign of a woman with cakes in one hand 
and a pot of ale in the other, ^ which did give good 
occasion of mirth, resembling her to the mayde that 
served us, we got home very timely and well, and 
finding there all well, and letters from sea, that speak 
of my Lord's being well, and his action, though not 
considerable of any side, at Argier.^ 

25 th. By coach with Sir W. Pen to Covent Garden. 
By the way, upon my desire, he told me that I need 
not fear any reflection upon my Lord for their ill suc- 
cesse at Argier, for more could not be done than was 
done. I went to my Cozen, Thos. Pepys, there, and 
talked with him a good while about our country 
business, and so we parted ; and then meeting Sir R. 

1 Probably the original of the well-known Mother Red-Cap. 
* These actions at Algiers have been engraved. 



122 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

Slingsby in St. Martin's Lane, he and I in his coach 
through the Mewes, which is the way that now all 
coaches are forced to go, because of a stop at Charing 
Cross, by reason of a drayne there to clear the streets. 
To my Lord Crew's and dined with him, where I was 
used with all imaginable kindness both from him and 
her. And I see that he is afraid that my Lord's 
reputacon will a little suffer in common talk by this 
late successe ; but there is no help for it now. The 
Queene of England (as she is now owned and called) 
I hear doth keep open Court, and distinct at Lisbone. 
Hence, much against my nature and will, yet such is 
the power of the Devil over me I could not refuse it, 
to the Theatre, and saw " The Merry Wives of Wind- 
sor," ill done. 

26th. At the office all the morning, so dined at 
home, and then abroad with my wife by coach to the 
Theatre to shew her " King and no King," it being 
very well done. 

2 7th. At noon, met my wife at the Wardrobe ; and 
there dined, where we found Captain Country ^ (my 
little Captain that I loved, who carried me to the 
Sound), come with some grapes and millons from my 
Lord at Lisbone. The first that ever I saw ; but the 
grapes are rare things. In the afternoon comes Mr. 
Edwd. Montagu (by appointment this morning) to 
talk with my Lady and me about the provisions fit to 
be bought, and sent to my Lord along with him. And 

I Richard Country, Captain of the " Hind," in the fleet at Scheveling. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 23 

told us, that we need not trouble ourselves how to buy 
them, for the King would pay for all, and that he 
would take care to get them : which put my Lady and 
me into a great deal of ease of mind. Here we staid 
and supped too, and, after my wife had put up some 
of the grapes in a basket for to be sent to the King, 
we took coach and home, where we found a hampire 
of millons sent to me also. 

28th. At the office in the morning, dined at home, 
and then Sir W. Pen and his daughter and I and my 
wife to the Theatre, and there saw " Father's owne 
Son," I a very good play, and the first time I ever saw 
it, and so at night to my house, and there sat and 
talked and drank and merrily broke up, and to bed. 

29th (Lord's day). To church in the morning, and 
so to dinner, and Sir W. Pen and daughter, and Mrs. 
Poole, his kinswoman, came by appointment to dinner 
with us, and a good dinner we had for them, and were 
very merry, and so to church again, and then to Sir W. 
Pen's and there supped, where his brother, a traveller, 
and one that speaks Spanish very well, and a merry 
man, supped with us, and what at dinner and supper 
I drink I know not how, of my own accord, so much 
wine, that I was even almost foxed, and my head aked 
all night ; so home and to bed, without prayers, which 
I never did yet, since I came to the house, of a Sun- 
day night : I being now so out of order that I durst 

^ The only mention of this play occurs in an enumeration of plays be- 
longing to Will. Beeston, as Governor of the Cockpit, in Drury Lane. The 
list is dated loth Aug. 1639. —See Collier's Annals of the Stage, ii. 92. 



124 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

not read prayers, for fear of being perceived by my 
servants in what case I was. 

30th. This morning up by moone-shine, at 5 o'clock, 
to White Hall, to meet Mr. Moore at the Privy Seale, 
and there I heard of a fray between the two Embassa- 
dors of Spaine ^ and France ; ^ and that, this day, being 
the day of the entrance of an Embassador from Swe- 
den,3 they intended to fight for the precedence.^ Our 
King, I heard, ordered that no Englishman should 
meddle in the business,5 but let them do what they 
would. And to that end all the soldiers in the towne 
were in arms all the day long, and some of the train- 
bands in the City; and a great bustle through the 

1 The Baron de VattevUle. 

2 Godfrey, Count D'Estrades, Marshal of France, and Viceroy of 
America. He proved himself, upon many occasions, an able diplomatist, and 
particularly at the conferences of Nimeguen when acting as ambassador in 
1673. Ob. 1686, set. suse 79. Vide his Letters to Louis XIV. in the 
Appendix. 

3 The Count Brah^. 

4 This had been a frequent source of contention, and many absurd inci- 
dents had occurred. In 1618, Caspar Dauvet, Comte des Marets, Ambassa- 
dor to James I., left our Court in dissatisfaction upon a point of precedence 
claimed by him over Gondomar, which was not allowed by James, The 
question now came to a crisis, and was settled. See Evelyn's account, drawn 
up by Royal command, printed at the end of his " Diary." 

5 The Comte de Brienne insinuates, in his " Memoirs," that Charles pur- 
posely abstained from interfering, in the belief that it was for his interest to 
let France and Spain quarrel, in order to further his own designs in the match 
with Portugal. Louis certainly held that opinion ; and he afterwards in- 
structed d'Estrades to solicit from the English Court the punishment of those 
Londoners who had insulted his Ambassador, and to demand the dismissal 
of De Batteville. Either no Londoner had interfered, or Louis's demand 
had not in England the same force as in Spain; for no one was punished. 
The latter part of his request it was clearly not for Charles to entertain, much 
less enforce. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 25 

City all the day. Then we took coach (which was 
the business I come for) to Chelsy, to my Lord Privy 
Seale, and there got him to seal the business. Here I 
saw by day-light two very fine pictures in the gallery, 
that a little while ago I saw by night \ and did also go 
all over the house, and found it to be the prettiest 
contrived, house that ever I saw in my life. So back 
again ; and at White Hall light, and saw the soldiers 
and people running up and down the streets. So I 
went to the Spanish Embassador's and the French, 
and there saw great preparations on both sides ; but 
the French made the most noise and vaunted most, 
but the other made no stir almost at all ; so that I 
was afraid the other would have had too great a 
conquest over them. Then to the Wardrobe, and 
dined there, and then abroad and in Cheapside hear 
that the Spanish hath got the best of it, and killed 
three of the French coach-horses and several men, 
and is gone through the City next to our King's 
coach ; at which, it is strange to see how all the City 
did rejoice. And indeed we do naturally all love the 
Spanish, and hate the French. But I, as I am in all 
things curious, presently got to the water-side, and 
there took oares to Westminster Palace, thinking to 
have seen them come in thither with all the coaches, 
but they being come and returned, I ran after them 
with my boy after me through all the dirt and the 
streets full of people ; till at last, at the Mewes, I saw 
the Spanish coach go, with fifty drawn swords at least 
to guard it, and our soldiers shouting for joy. And 



126 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

SO I followed the coach, and then met it at York 
House/ where the embassador lies ; and there it went 
in with great state. So then I went to the French 
house, where I observe still, that there is no men in 
the world of a more insolent spirit where they do 
well, nor before they begin a matter, and more abject 
if they do miscarry, than these people are ; for they 
all look like dead men, and not a word among them, 
but shake their heads. The truth is, the Spaniards 
were not only observed to fight most desperately, but 
also they did outwitt them ; first in lining their own 
hamesse with chains of iron that they could not be 
cut, then in setting their coach in the most advan- 
tageous place, and to appoint men to guard every one 
of their horses, and others for to guard the coach, 
and others the coachmen. And, above all, in setting 
upon the French horses and killing them, for by that 
means the French were not able to stir. There were 
several men slain of the French, and one or two of the 
Spaniards, and one Englishman by a bullet.^ Which 
is very observable, the French were at least four to 
one in number,^ and had near loo case of pistols 
among them, and the Spaniards had not one gun 



^ See note, May 19, 1661. 

2 This fray was the occasion of a good joke at the French Court, thus 
related in the " Menagiana," vol. ii. p. 336: — " Lors qu'on demandoit, ' Que 
fait Batteville en Angleterre? ' on re^onioii,' II bat UEstrade.' " This ex- 
pression, as is well known, means " battre la campagne avec de la cavalerie 
pour avoir des nouvelles des ennemis." — Chambaud's Dictionary. 

3 The French accounts swell the number of the Spanish Ambassador's 
attendants to 2,000; 200 would, perhaps, be the truth. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 12/ 

among them ; which is for their honour for ever, and 
the others' disgrace. So, having been very much 
daubed with dirt, I got a coach, and home ; where I 
vexed my wife in telHng of her this story, and pleading 
for the Spaniards against the French. So ends this 
month ; myself and family in good condition of health, 
but my head full of my Lord's and my own and the 
office business ; where we are now very busy about 
sending forces to Tangier, and the fleet to my Lord 
of Sandwich, who is now at Lisbone to bring over 
the Queene, who do now keep a Court as Queene of 
England. The business of Argier hath of late troubled 
me, because my Lord hath not done what he went 
for, though he did as much as any man in the world 
could have done. The want of money puts all things, 
and above all, the Navy, out of order ; and yet I do 
not see that the King takes care to bring in any 
money, but thinks of new designs to lay out money. 

October ist. This morning my wife and I lay long 
in bed, and among other things fell into talk of 
musique, and desired that I would let her learn to 
sing, which I did consider, and promised her she 
should. So before I rose, word was brought me that 
my singing master, Mr. Goodgroome, was come to 
teach me ; and so she rose and this morning began 
to learn also. To the office, where busy all day. 

2nd. All this morning at Pegg Kite's with my uncle 
Feimer, appraising her goods that her mother has left ; 
but the slut is like to prove so troublesome that I am 
out of heart with troubling myself in her business. 



128 DIARY OF SAMUEL FEPYS. 

We went to the Theatre, but coming late, and sitting 
in an ill place, I never had so little pleasure in a play- 
in my life, yet it was the first time that I ever saw it, 
" Victoria Corombona." ' Methinks a very poor play. 

3rd. Called at Sir W. Batten's, where his son and 
his wife were, who had yesterday been at the play 
where we were, and it was good sport to hear how she 
talked of it with admiration like a fool. 

4th. By coach to White Hall with Sir W. Pen. So 
to Mr. Montagu, where his man, Mons. Eschar, makes 
a great complaint against the English, that they did 
help the Spaniards against the French the other day ; 
and that their Embassador do demand justice of our 
King,2 and that he do resolve to be gone for France 



1 " The White Devil ; or, the Life and Death of Vittoria Corombona, the 
famous Venetian Courtesan," by John Webster. 

2 The courier sent by d'Estrades to Paris, with the news of his discomfit- 
ure, arrived at the hotel of the Comte de Brienne (Louis-Henri de Lomenie, 
who had succeeded his father, Henri-Auguste, as Secretary of State) at 
eleven at night. Brienne instantly repaired to the King, then at supper with 
the Queen-Mother, his own Queen, and his brother, Philippe of Anjou (Mon- 
sieur) ; and, requesting Louis to appear composed before the numerous spec- 
tators, he told him that the Spanish Ambassador's people had cut the traces 
of his Ambassador's coach, killed two coachmen, and cut the horses' bridles ; 
and that the Spanish Ambassador's coach had taken precedence of that of 
d'Estrades, whose own son had also been wounded in the affray. In spite 
of the caution which he had received, Louis rose up in such agitation, as 
nearly to overturn the table ; seized Brienne by the arm, led him into the 
Queen-Mother's chamber, and bade him read d'Estrades' despatch. The 
Queen-Mother followed in haste. "What is the matter?" said she. —"It 
is," replied the King, " an attempt to embroil the King of Spain and myself." 
The Queen-Mother begged him to return to the company. " I have supped, 
Madame," said he, raising his voice. " I will be righted in this affair, or I 
will declare war against the King of Spain ; and I will force him to yield pre- 
cedence to my Ambassadors in every Court in Europe." — " Oh, my son ! " 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 29 

the next week ; which I, and all that I met ^vith, are 
very glad of. I found my wife vexed at her people 
for grumbling to eat Suffolk cheese/ which I also am 
vexed at. 

5 th. At the office all the morning, then dined at 



replied the Queen-lMother, "break not a peace which has cost me so dear; 
and remember, that the King of Spain is my brother." — "Leave me, 
Madame," rejoined Louis, " to hear d'Estrades' despatch. Return to the 
table, and let some fruit only be prepared for me." Anne of Austria having 
retired, Louis listened to the despatch, and instantly gave his commands to 
Brienne; which were, in substance, to order the Conde de Fuensaldagna, the 
Spanish Ambassador, to quit France instantly, and to forbid the Marques de 
las Fuentes, his intended successor, to set foot on the French territory; to 
recall his Commissioners on the boundary question, as well as the Archbishop 
of Embrun, his Ambassador at Madrid; to demand from the King of Spain 
an apology proportionable to the offence ; that De Eatteville should be pun- 
ished in person ; and that in all the Courts of Europe the Spanish Ambassa- 
dor should give place to the French; and, on the refusal of any part of his 
demands, to declare war. Louis gained all and every point. After much 
paper war, and many protocols, Spain gave way. The Baron de Batteville 
was recalled; the Marques de las Fuentes was sent Ambassador Extraordi- 
nary to Paris, to tender apologies; and on March 24, 1662, in the presence of 
twenty-seven Ambassadors and Envoys from various Courts of Europe, the 
Marques de las Fuentes declared to Louis XIV. that the King, his master, had 
sent orders to all his Ambassadors and Ministers to abstain from all rivalry 
with those of Louis. Louis, turning to the foreign ministers, desired them to 
communicate this declaration to their masters. The Dutch Ambassador dryly 
remarked, that he had heard of Embassies to tender obedience to the Pope, 
but that he had never before known of such from one prince to another. An 
amusing volume might be written on the absurd punctilios of the Ambassadors 
of the seventeenth century. A medal was struck by the French to commemo- 
rate this great event. 

I This prejudice extended to the days of Pope, whose country mouse 
entertained his courtly guest with 

" Cheese such as men in Sicffolk make. 
But wished it Stilton for his sake." 

Imitations of Horace, Sat. vi. b. 2nd. 

See also Shadwell's " Works," vol. iv. p. 350, 



I30 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

home, and so all the afternoon putting up my Lord's 
model of the Royal James, which I borrowed of him 
long ago to hang in my room. And at night Sir W. 
Pen and I aloiie to the Dolphin, and there eat some 
bloat-herrings and drank good sack. 

6th (Lord's day). To church in the morning; Mr. 
Mills preached, who, I expect, should take in snuffe » 
that my wife did not come to his child's christening 
the other day. The winter coming on, many of the 
parish ladies are come home and appear at church 
again ; among others, the three sisters of the Thorn- 
bury's, very fine, and the most zealous people that 
ever I saw in my life, even to admiration, if it were 
true zeal. There was also my pretty black girle, Mrs. 
Dekins, and Mrs. Margaret Pen, this day come to 
church in a new flowered satin suit that my wife 
helped to buy her the other day. So home to dinner, 
and to church in the afternoon to St. Gregory's, by 
Paul's, where I heard a good sermon of Dr. Buck's,^ 
one I never heard before, a very able man. So home, 
and in the evening I went to my Valentine, her father 
and mother being out of town, to fetch her to supper 
to my house, and then came Sir W. Pen and we were 
merry, and so broke up and to bed. 

* Snuff', anger. 

" Who therewith angry, when it next came there. 
Took it in snuff." 

Shakespeare, i Henry IV. act i. sc. 3. (M. B.) 
2 James Buck, afterwards preacher at the Temple, a man of great learn- 
ing, and rector of St. James's, Gatlickhithe, from i65i till his death, at an 
advanced age, in 1685. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 13I 

7th. About business all day, troubled in my mind 
till I can hear from Brampton, how things go on at 
Sturtlow, at the Court, ^ which I was cleared in at night 
by a letter, which tells me that my cozen Tom was 
there to be admitted, in his father's name, as heire-at- 
law, but that he was opposed, and I was admitted by 
proxy, which put me out of great trouble of mind. 

8th. After office done, went and eat some Colches- 
ter oysters with Sir W. Batten at his house, and there, 
with some company, dined and staid there talking all 
the afternoon ; and late after dinner took Mrs. Martha 
out by coach, and carried her to the Theatre in a 
frohque, to my great expense, and there shewed her 
part of the " Beggar's Bush," without much pleasure, 
and so home again. 

9th. This morning went out about my affairs, 
among others to put my Theorbo out to be mended, 
and then at noon home again, thinking to go with Sir 
VViUiams both to dinner by invitation to Sir W. Rider's,^ 
but at home I found Mrs. Pierce, la belle, and Madam 
Clifford, with whom I was forced to stay, and made 
them the most welcome I could ; and I was (God 
knows) very well pleased with their beautiful com- 
pany, and after dinner took them to the Theatre, an4 
shewed them " The Chances ; " and so saw them both 
at home and back to the Fleece taveme, in Covent 
Garden, where Luellin and Blurton, and my old friend 
Frank Bagge, was to meet me, and there staid till late 

^ See Sept. i6, 1661, at/te. 

* At Bethnal Green ; mentioned June 26, 1663. 



132 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

very merry. Frank Bagge tells me a story of Mrs. 
Pepys that lived with my Lady Harvy/ Mr. Montagu's 
sister, a good woman ; that she had been very ill, and 
often asked for me ; that she is in good condition, and 
that nobody could get her to make her will ; and that 
now she is well she desires to have a chamber at my 
house. Now I do not know whether this is a trick of 
Bagge's, or a good will of her's to do something for 
me ; but I will not trust her, but told him I should be 
glad to see her, and that I would be sure to do all 
that I could to provide a place for her. 

loth. At the office all the morning; dined at 
home, and after dinner Sir W. Pen and my wife and I 
to the Theatre, where the King came to-day, and 
there was "The Traytor"^ most admirably acted ; and 
a most excellent play it is. So home, and intended to 
be merry, it being [the anniversary of] my sixth wed- 
ding ; but by a late bruise I am in so much pain that 
I eat my supper and in pain to bed, yet my wife and I 
pretty merry. 

nth. All day in bed. 

1 2th. In bed the greatest part of this day also. I 
received a letter this day from my father, that Sir R. 
Bernard do a little fear that my uncle has not ob- 
served exactly the custom of Brampton in his will 
about his lands there, which puts me to a great trouble 
in mind. 

13th (Lord's day). Did not stir out all day, but 

^ She was the wife of Sir Daniel Harvey. 
2 A tragedy, by James Shirley. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 33 

rose and dined below, and this day left off half skirts 
and put on a wastecoate, and my false taby wastecoate 
with gold lace ; and in the evening there came Sir W. 
Batten to see me, and sat and supped very kindly with 
me, and so to prayers and to bed. 

14th. This morning I ventured by water abroad to 
Westminster. So to the Wardrobe, and there dined 
with my Lady. To Mr. Pim's, my Lord's taylour's, 
and there he went out with us to the Fountaine 
taveme, and it being the Duke of York's birthday, we 
drank the more to his health. Thence home by linke 
and found a good answer from my father that Sir R. 
Bernard do clear all things as to us and our title to 
Brampton, which puts my heart in great ease and 
quiet. 

15th. At the office all the morning, and in the 
afternoon to Paul's Churchyard to a blind place, 
where Mrs. Goldsborough was to meet me to treat 
about the difference which remains between my uncle 
and her. But, Lord ! to hear how she talks and how 
she rails against my uncle would make one mad. But 
I seemed not to be troubled at it. 

1 6th. This morning came several mayds to my wife 
to be hired, and at last she pitched upon one Nell, 
whose mother, an old woman, came along with her, 
but would not be hired under half a year, which I 
am pleased at their drollnesse. This day dined by 
appointment with me, Dr. Thos. Pepys and my Coz : 
Snow, and my brother Tom, upon a fin of ling and 
some sounds, neither of which did I ever know before, 



134 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

but most excellent meat they are both, that in all my 
life I never eat the like fish. 

17th. Captain Cock, a merchant I had not long 
known, took me to the Sun taverne and gave me a 
glass of sack, and being a man of great observation 
and repute, did tell me that he was confident that the 
Parliament, when it comes the next month to sit again, 
would bring trouble with it, and enquire how the King 
had disposed of offices and money, before they will 
raise more ; which, I fear, will bring all things to ruin 
again. Thence to the Cook's and there dined with 
Captain Lambert and his father-in-law, and had much 
talk of Portugall ; from whence he is lately come, and 
he tells me it is a very poor dirty place ; I mean the 
City and Court of Lisbone ; that the KLing is a very 
rude and simple fellow; and, for reviling of some- 
body a little while ago, had been killed, had he not 
told them that he was their king. That there are 
there no glass windows, nor will they have any ; which 
makes sport among our merchants there to talk of an 
English factor that, being newly come thither, writ 
into England that glasse would be a good commodity 
to send thither, &c. That the King has his meat sent 
up by a dozen of lazy guards and in pipkins, some- 
times, to his own table ; and sometimes nothing but 
fruits, and, now and then, half a hen. And now that 
the Infanta is become our Queene, she is come to 
have a whole hen or goose to her table. 

1 8th. To White Hall, to Mr. Montagu's, where I 
met with Mr. Pierce, the purser, to advise about the 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 35 

things to be sent to my Lord for the Queene's pro- 
vision; now there is all haste made, for the fleete's 
going. I met with complaints at home that my wife 
left no victuals for them all this day. 

19th. At the office all the morning, and at noon 
Mr. Coventry, who sat with us all the morning, and Sir 
G. Carteret, Sir W.Pen, and myself, by coach to 
Captain Marshe's, at Limehouse, to a house that hath 
been their ancestors' for this 250 years, close by the 
lime-house which gives the name to the place. Here 
they have a designe to get the King to hire a docke 
for the herring busses, which is now the great designe 
on foot, to lie up in. We had a very good and hand- 
some dinner, and excellent wine. I not being neat 
in clothes, which I find a great fault in me, could not 
be so merry as otherwise, and at all times I am and 
can be, when I am in good habitt, which makes me 
remember my father Osborne's ^ rule for a gentleman 
to spare in all things rather than in that. 

20th (Lord's day). Much offended in mind at a 
proud trick my man Will hath got, to keep his hat on 
in the house, but I will not speak of it to him to-day ; 
but I fear I shall be troubled with his pride and lazi- 
nesse, though in other things he is good enough. To 
church in the afternoon, where a sleepy Presbyter 
preached, and then to Sir W. Batten, who is to go to 
Portsmouth to-morrow to wait upon the Duke of York, 
who goes to take possession and to set in order the 
garrison there. 

^ Osborne's " Advice 10 a Son." See January 27th, 1663-4. (.M. B.) 



136 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

2 1 St. Early with Mr. Moore by coach to Chelsy, to 
my Lord Privy Scale's, but have missed of coming 
time enough ; and having taken up Mr. Pargiter, the 
goldsmith, who is the man of the world that I do 
most know and believe to be a cheating rogue, we 
drank our morning draft there together of cake and 
ale, and did make good sport of his losing so much 
by the King's coming in, he having bought much of 
Crowne lands, of which, God forgive me ! I am very 
glad. At Whitehall, at the Privy Scale, did with Sir 
W. Pen take advice about passing of things of his 
there that concern his matters of Ireland. Thence 
to the Wardrobe and dined, and so against my judg- 
ment and conscience (which God forgive, for my very 
heart knows that I offend God in breaking my vows 
herein) to the Opera, which is now newly begun to 
act again, after some alteracion of their scene, which 
do make it very much worse ; but the play, " Love 
and Honour," ^ being the first time of their acting it, 
is a very good plot, and well done. 

22nd. At the office all the morning, where we had 
a deputation from the Duke in his absence, he being 
gone to Portsmouth, for us to have the whole disposal 
and ordering of the Fleet. In the afternoon about busi- 
ness up and down, and at nigh to visit Sir R. Slingsby, 
who is fallen sick of this new disease, an ague and fever. 

23rd. To Whitehall, and there, to drink our morn- 
ing, Sir W. Pen and I to a friend's lodging, and at 

* A tragi-comedy, by Sir W. Davenant, first acted at the Black Friars. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 3/ 

noon he and I dined together alone at the Legg in 
King Street, and so by coach to Chelsy to my Lord 
Privy Scale's, and so back to the Opera, and there I 
saw again " Love and Honour," and a very good play 
it is. This day all our office is invited against Tues- 
day next, my Lord Mayor's day, to dinner with him 
at Guildhall. 

24th. At the office all morning, at noon Luellin 
dined with me. Went to see Sir R. Slingsby, who 
continues ill, and this day has not spoke at all, which 
makes them all afeard of him. 

25 th. To Whitehall, and so to dinner at the Ward- 
robe, where my wife met me, and there we met with a 
venison pasty, and my Lady was very merry and hand- 
some, methought. After dinner my wife and I to the 
Opera, and there saw again " Love and Honour," a 
play so good that it has been acted but three times 
and I have seen them all, and all in this week ; which 
is too much, and more than I will do again a good 
while. This day I did give my man Will a sound 
lesson about his forbearing to give us the respect due 
to a master and mistress. 

26th. This morning Sir W. Pen and I should have 
gone out of town with my Lady Batten, to have met 
Sir William coming back from Portsmouth, at Kings- 
ton, but could not, by reason that my Lord of Peter- 
borough ^ (who is to go Governor of Tangier 2) came 

^ Henry, second Earl of Peterborough, a Privy Councillor, and in 1685 
made Groom of the Stole. He was also K.G., and died 1697. 

2 This place, so often mentioned by Mr. Pepys, was first given up to the 



138 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

this morning, with Sir G. Carteret, to advise with us 
about completing of the affairs and preparacions for 
that place. So at the office all the morning, and in 
the afternoon Sir W. Pen, my wife and I to the 
Theatre, and there saw " The Country Captaine," the 
first time it hath been acted this twenty-five years, a 
play of my Lord Newcastle's, but so silly a play as in 
all my life I never saw, and the first that ever I was 
weary of in my life. News was brought that Sir R. 
Slingsby, our Comptroller (who hath this day been 
sick a week) , is dead ; which put me into so great a 
trouble of mind, that all the night I could not sleep, 
he being a man that loved me, and had many qualitys 
that made me to love him above all the officers and 
commissioners in the Navy. 

27th (Lord's day). At church in the morning; 
where in pew both Sir Williams ^ and I had much talk 
about the death of Sir Robert, which troubles me 



English Fleet under Lord Sandwich, by the Portuguese, Jan. 30, 1662 ; and 
Lord Peterborough left Governor, with a garrison. The greatest pains were 
afterwards taken to preserve the fortress, and a fine Mole was constructed, at 
a vast expense, to improve the harbour. At length, after immense sums of 
money had been wasted there, the House of Commons expressed a dislike to 
the management of the garrison (which they suspected to be a nursery for a 
Popish army) , and seemed disinclined to maintain it any longer. The King, 
consequently, in 1683, sent Lord Dartmouth to bring home the troops, and 
destroy the works; which he performed most effectually, and Tangier fell into 
the hands of the Moors, its importance having ceased with the demolition 
of the Mole. Many curious views of Tangier were taken by Hollar, during 
its occupation by the English; and his drawings are preserved iu the British 
Museum. Some have been engraved by himself; but the impressions are of 
considerable rarity. 

^ Sir \V. Pen and Sir W, Batten, so styled /aw/w. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 39 

much; and them in appearance, though I do not 
believe it ; because I know that he was a cheque to 
their engrossing the whole trade of the Navy-office. 
Home to dinner, and in the afternoon to church 
again, my wife with me, whose mourning is now grown 
so old that I am ashamed to go to church with her. 

28th. At the office all the morning, and dined at 
home, and so to Paul's Churchyard to Hunt's, and 
there found my Theorbo ^ done, which pleases me 
very well, and costs me 26i-. to the altering. But now 
he tells me it is as good a lute as any is in England, 
and is worth well 10/. Hither I sent for Captain 
Ferrers to me, who comes with a friend of his, and 
they and I to the Theatre, and there saw "Argalus 
and Parthenia," where a woman acted Parthenia, and 
came afterwards on the stage in men's clothes, and 
had the best legs that ever I saw, and I was very well 
pleased with it. Thence to the Ringo alehouse, and 
thither sent for a belt- maker, and bought of him a 
handsome belt for second mourning, which cost me 
24i"., and is very neat. 

29th. This day I put on my half cloth black stock- 



^ There is a humorous comparison of the long waists of ladies, which came 
into fashion about 1621, with the theorbo, by Bishop Corbet: 

" She was barr'd up in whale-bones, that did leese 
None of the whale's length, for they reached her knees; 
Off with her head, and then she hath a middle 
As her waste stands, just like the new found fiddle. 
The favourite Theorbo, truth to tell ye. 
Whose neck and throat are deeper than the belly." 

Corbet, Iter Boreale. (M. B.) 



140 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

ings and my new coate of the fashion, which pleases 
me well, and with my beaver ^ I was (after office was 
done) ready to go to my Lord Mayor's feast, as we 
are all invited ; but the Sir Williams were both loth 
to go, because of the crowd, and so none of us went, 
and I staid and dined with them, and so home, and 
in the evening, by consent, we met at the Dolphin, 
where other company came to us, and should have 
been merry, but their wine was so naught, and all 
other things out of order, that we were not so, but 
staid long at night, and so home and to bed. My 
mind not pleased with the spending of this day, 
because I had proposed a great deal of pleasure to 
myself this day at Guildhall. This Lord Mayor, it 
seems, brings up again the custom of Lord Mayors 
going the day of their installment to Paul's, and walk- 
ing round about the Crosse, and offering something at 
the altar. 

30th. All the morning at the office. At noon 
played on my Theorbo, and much pleased therewith ; 
it is now altered with a new neck. In the afternoon 
Captain Lambert called me out by appointment, and 
we walked together to Deptford, and there in his ship, 
the Norwich, I got him to shew me every hole and 
corner of the ship, much to my information, and the 



» Doubtless the same mentioned June 27, 1661. It was a " ckapeau de 
poil" a mark of some distinction in those days, and which gave name to 
Rubens's famous picture, now in Sir Robert Peel's collection, of a lady in a 
beaver hat, or " chapeau de poil." This having been corrupted into 
*' chapeau de paille" has led to much ignorant conjecture. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. I4I 

purpose of my going. So home again, and at Sir W. 
Batten's heard how he had been already at Sir R. 
SUngsby's, as we were all invited, and I intended this 
night to go, and there he finds all things out of order, 
and no such thing done to-night, but pretending that 
the corps stinks, they will bury it to-night privately, 
and so will unbespeak all their guests, and there shall 
be no funerall, which I am sorry for, that there should 
be nothing done for the honour of Sir Robert, but I 
fear he hath left his family in great distraction. Sir 
Henry Vane, Lambert, and others, are lately sent sud- 
denly away from the Tower, prisoners to Scilly ; but 
I do not think there is any plot as is said, but only a 
pretence ; as there was once pretended often against 
the Cavaliers. 

31st. With my mind full of trouble, to my uncle 
Fenner's, when at the alehouse I found him drinking 
and very jolly and youthsome, and as one that I 
beHeve will in a little time get a wife. 

November ist. I went this morning with Sir W. 
Pen by coach to Westminster, and from thence with 
him to the 3 Tun Taveme, at Charing Cross, and 
there sent for up the maister of the house's dinner, 
and dined very well upon it, and so went away to the 
Theatre, to " The Joviall Crew," and from hence to 
my house, and were very merry till late, having 
sent for his son, Mr. William Pen,» lately come from 
Oxford. 

* The celebrated Quaker, and P'ounder of Pennsylvania. 



142 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

2d. At the office all the morning ; where Sir John 
Minnes, our new comptroller, was fetched by Sir Wm. 
Pen and myself from Sir Wm. Batten's, and led to his 
place in the office. The first time that he had come 
hither, and he seems a good fair condition man, and 
one that I am glad hath the office. After the office 
done, I to the Wardrobe, and there dined, and in the 
afternoon had an hour or two's talk with my Lady with 
great pleasure. This night my boy Wayneman, as I 
was in my chamber, I overheard him let off some 
gunpowder, and hearing my wife chide him below 
for it, and a noise made, I call him up, and find that 
it was powder that he had put in his pocket, and a 
match carelessly with it, thinking that it was out, and 
so the match did give fire to the powder, and had 
burnt his side and his hand that he put into his 
pocket to put out the fire. But upon examination, 
and finding him in a lie about the time and place 
that he bought it, I did extremely beat him, and 
though it did trouble me to do it, yet I thought it 
necessary to do it, 

3rd (Lord's day) . This day I stirred not out, but 
took physique, and all the day I did read in Fuller's 
Holy Warr, and did Xxy to make a song in the praise 
of a liberall genius (as I take my own to be) to all 
studies and pleasures, but it not proving to my mind 
I did reject it. At night my wife and I had a good 
supper by ourselves of a pullet hashed, which pleased 
me much to see my condition come to allow ourselves 
a dish like that. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. I43 

4th. In the morning by coach with Sir W. Pen to 
Whitehall, and then to the Mitre (Mr. Rawlinson's), 
where Mr. Pierce, the Purser, had got us a most brave 
chine of beef, and a dish of marrowbones. Then 
called my wife at my brother's, where I left her, and 
to the Opera, where we saw "The Bondman," which 
of old we both did so doate on, and do still ; though 
to both our thinking not so well acted here (having 
too great expectations), as formerly at Salisbury- court. 
But for Betterton ' he is called by us both the best 
actor in the world. 

5th. At the office all the morning. At noon comes 
my brother Tom and Armiger to dine with me, and 
then to the Dolphin, where Armiger and I and Captain 
Cocke sat late and drank much, seeing the boys in 
the streets flying their crackers, this day being kept 
all the day very strictly in the City. At last broke 
up, and called at my Lady Batten's, and would have 
gone to cards, but Sir W. Pen was so fuddled that we 
could not try him to play, and therefore we parted, 
and I home and to bed. 

6th. Going forth this morning I met Mr. Davenport 
and a friend of his, and did give them their morning 



^ Thomas Betterton, the celebrated actor, born in 1635, was the son of an 
under cook to Charles I., and first appeared on the stage at the Cockpit in 
Drury Lane, in 1659. After the Restoration, two distinct theatres were es- 
tablished by Royal Authority; one in Drury Lane, called the King's 
Company, under a patent granted to Killigrew: the other in Lincoln's Inn 
Fields, styled the Duke's Troop, the patentee of which was Sir W. Davenant, 
who engaged Mr. Betterton in 1662. Mr. B. died in 1710, and was buried in 
the cloisters of Westminster Abbey. 



144 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

draft in good wine, and anchovies, and pickled oysters, 
and at noon being invited by a note from Luellin, I 
went and had a good dish or two of marrowbones and 
another of neats' tongues to dinner, and so I went home 
and sat late with pleasure at my lute, and so to bed. 

yth. This morning came one Mr. Hill to teach me 
to play on the Theorbo, but I do not hke his play nor 
singing, and so I found a way to put him off. So to 
the office. I met with letters at home from my Lord 
from Lisbone, which speak of his being well ; and he 
tells me he had seen at the court there, the day before 
he wrote this letter, the Juego de Toro.^ Peg Kite 
now hath declared she will have the beggarly rogue 
the weaver, and so we are resolved neither to meddle 
nor make with her. 

8th. This morning up early, and to my Lord Chan- 
cellor's with a letter to him from my Lord, and did 
speak with him ; and he did ask me whether I was 
son to Mr. Talbot Pepys ^ or no (with whom he was 
once acquainted in the Court of Requests) , and spoke 
to me with great respect. Thence to Westminster 
Hall (it being Terme time) and there met with Com- 
missioner Pett, and so at noon he and I by appoint- 
ment to the Sun in New Fish Street, where Sir J. 
Minnes, Sir W. Batten, and we all were to dine, and 
by discourse I found Sir J. Minnes a fine gentleman 
and a very good scholler. 

9th. At the office all the morning. After dinner I 

* A bull-fight. See May 24, 1662. 

* Of Impington, great uncle to our author. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 45 

to the Wardrobe, and there staid talking with my Lady- 
all the afternoon till late at night. Among other 
things my Lady did mightily urge me to lay out money 
upon my wife, which I perceived was a little more 
earnest than ordinary, and so I seemed to be pleased 
with it, and do resolve to bestow a lace upon her. 

loth (Lord's day). At our own church in the 
morning, where Mr. Mills preached. In the after- 
noon went and sat with Mr. Turner in his pew at St. 
Gregory's, where I hear our Queene Katherine, the 
first time by name as such, publickly prayed for,' and 
heard Dr. Buck^ upon " Woe unto thee, Corazin," &c., 
where he started a difficulty, which he left to another 
time to answer, about why God should give means of 
grace to those people which he knew would not 
receive them, and deny to others which he himself 
confesses, if they had had them, would have received 
them, and they would have been effectual too. I would 
I could hear him explain this, when he do come to it. 

nth. To the Wardrobe to dinner, and there by 
appointment met my wife, who had by my direction 
brought some laces for my Lady to choose one for 
her. After dinner Captain Ferrers and I went to- 
gether, and he carried me the first time that ever I 
saw any gaming house, to one, entering into Lincoln's- 
Inn- Fields, at the end of Bell Yard, where strange the 



* The King's letter to the council for this purpose was read on Nov. 19. 

2 Probably John Buck, D.D., who was Vicar of Stradbrook, Suffolk, and 
published, in 1660, a Thanksgiving Sermon, preached at St. Paul's. — Watt's 
Bibl. Britan. 



146 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

folly of men to lay and lose so much money, and very 
glad I was to see the manner of a gamester's life, 
which I see is very miserable, and poor, and unmanly. 
And thence he took me to a dancing schoole in Fleet 
Streete, where we saw a company of pretty girles dance, 
but I do not in myself like to have young girles ex- 
posed to so much vanity. So to the Wardrobe, where 
I found my Lady had agreed upon a lace for my wife 
of 6/., which I seemed much glad of that it was no 
more, though in my mind I think it too much, and I 
pray God keep me so to order myself and my wife's 
expenses that no inconvenience in purse or honour 
follow this my prodigality. So by coach home. 

1 2th. At the office all the morning. My wife and 
I to "Bartholomew Fayre," with puppets which I 
had seen once before, and the play without puppets 
often, but though I love the play as much as ever I 
did, yet I do not like the puppets at all, but think it 
to be a lessening to it. Thence to the Greyhound in 
Fleet Streete, and there drank some raspberry sack 
and eat some sasages, and so home very merry. This 
day Holmes come to town ; and we do expect hourly 
to hear what usage he hath from the Duke and the 
King about this late business of letting the Swedish 
Embassador ' go by him without striking his flag .2 

1 The Count Brah^. 

2 And that, too, in the river Thames itself. The right of obliging ships 
of all nations to lower topsails and strike their flag to the English, whilst in 
the British seas, and even on the French coasts, had, up to this time, been 
rigidly enforced. When Sully was sent by Henry IV., in 1603, to congratu- 
late James I. on his accession, and in a ship commanded by a Vice-Admiral 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 47 

13th. By appointment, we all went this morning to 
wait upon the Duke of York, which we did in his 
chamber, as he was dressing himself in his riding 
suit to go this day by sea to the Downes. He is in 
mourning for his wife's grandmother,^ which is thought 
a great piece of fondness.^ After we had given him 

of France, he was fired upon by the English Admiral Mansel, for daring to 
hoist the flag of France in the presence of that of England, although within 
sight of Calais. The French flag was lowered, and all Sully's remonstrances 
could obtain no redress for the alleged injury. According to Rugge, Holmes 
had insisted upon the Swede's lowering his flag, and had even fired a shot to 
enforce the observance of the usual tribute of respect, but the Ambassador 
sent his secretary and another gentleman on board the English frigate, to 
assure the captain, upon the word and honour of an Ambassador, that the 
King, by a verbal order, had given him leave and a dispensation in that par- 
ticular, and upon this false representation he was allowed to proceed on his 
voyage without further question. This want of caution, and disobedience of 
orders, fell heavily on Holmes, who was imprisoned for two months, and not 
reappointed to the same ship. Brahe afterwards made a proper submission for 
the fault he had committed, at his own Court. His conduct reminds us of Sir 
Henry Wotton's definition of an ambassador — that he is an honest man 
sent to lie abroad for the good of his country. A pun upon the term lieger- 
Ambassador. 

^ Edward Hyde, first Earl of Clarendon, was twice married. His first 
wife was the daughter of Sir George Ayliffe, of Foxley, in the county of 
Wilts. He married her in 1628, when he was only twenty years old, and she 
died of the small-pox six months afterwards, before any child was born. In 
1632 he married Frances, daughter of Sir Thomas and Lady Ailesbury, by 
whom he had four sons and two daughters. Anne, the eldest daughter, 
became, as is well known, the wife of the Duke of York, and the mother of 
Queen Mary and Queen Anne. The whole story of her grandmother being 
a " tub-woman," or "beer-carrier," is altogether fabulous. See Notes and 
Queries, vol. vii. p. 211. (M. B.) 

2 Fondness, foolishness. 

" He that is young thinketh the olde man fond/ and the olde knoweth the 
young man to be a foole." — Eiiph. a?id his Eng. p. 9. 

" Fondness it were for any, being free, 
To covet fetter >, tho' they golden be." 

Spens. Sonnet, 37. (M. B.) 



148 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

our letter relating the bad condition of the Navy for 
want of money, he referred it to his coming back and 
so parted. Thence on foot to my Lord Crew's ; here 
I was well received by my Lord and Sir Thomas ; 
with whom I had great talk : and he tells me in good 
earnest that he do believe the Parhament (which 
comes to sit again the next week), will be trouble- 
some to the Court and Clergy, which God forbid ! 
But they see things carried so by my Lord Chancellor 
and some others, that get money themselves, that they 
will not endure it. From thence to the Theatre, and 
there saw " Father's own Son " again, and so it rain- 
ing very hard I went home by coach, with my mind 
very heavy for this my expensefull life, which will 
undo me, I fear after all my hopes, if I do not take 
up, for now I am coming to lay out a great deal of 
money in clothes for my wife, I must forbear other 
expenses. To bed, and this night began to lie in the 
little green chamber, where the mayds lie, but we 
could not a great while get Nell to lie there, because 
I lie there and my wife, but at last, when she saw 
she must lie there or sit up, she, with much ado, came 
to bed. 

14th At the office all the morning. At noon to a 
dinner of young Mr. Bernard's for myself, Mr. Phillips, 
Davenport, Weaver, &c., where we had a most excel- 
lent dinner, but a pie of such pleasant variety of good 
things, as in all my life I never tasted. Hence to the 
Temple to Mr. Turner about drawing up my bill in 
Chancery against T. Trice, and so to Salisbury Court, 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 49 

where Mrs. Turner is come to towne, but very ill still 
of an ague. 

15 th. At home all the morning, and at noon with 
my wife to the Wardrobe to dinner, and there did 
shew herself to my Lady in the handkercher that she 
bought the lace for the other day, and indeed it is 
very handsome. So to my Lord Privy Seale, and then 
to the Opera, where I met my wife and Captain 
Ferrers and Madamoiselle Le Blanc, and there did 
see the second part of "The Siege of Rhodes" very 
well done ; and so by coach set her home, and the 
coach driving down the hill through Thames Street, 
which I think never any coach did before from that 
place to the bridge-foot, but going up Fish Street 
Hill his horses were so tired, that they could not be 
got to go up the hill, though all the street boys and 
men did beat and whip them. At last I was fain to 
send my boy for a linke, and so 'light out of the 
coach till we got to another at the comer of Fen- 
church Street, and so home. 

17th (Lord's day). To our own church, and at 
noon, by invitation, Sir W. Pen dined with me, and 
I took Mrs. Hester, my Lady Batten's kinswoman, to 
dinner from church with me, and we were very merry. 
So to church again, and heard a simple fellow upon 
the praise of Church musique, and exclaiming against 
men's wearing their hats on in the church, but I slept 
part of the sermon, till latter prayer and blessing and 
all was done without waking, which I never did in my 
life. 



I50 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

1 8th. At St. Paul's, where I saw the quiristers in 
their surpHces going to prayers, and a few idle poor 
people and boys to hear them, which is the first time 
I have seen them, and am sorry to see things done so 
out of order. Here I dined and had a good dinner. 
There was a young Parson at the table that had got 
himself drunk before dinner, which troubled me to 
see. After dinner for my wife, and brought her to the 
Theatre to see " Philaster," ' which I never saw be- 
fore, but I found it far short of my expectations. 

19th. At the office all the morning. Mr. Hunt 
dined with us, and after dinner took coach as far as 
my cozen Scott's, and my wife and I staid there at 
the christening of my cozen's boy, where my cozen 
Samuel Pepys, of Ireland, and I were godfathers, and 
I did name the child Samuel. There was a company 
of pretty women there in the chamber, but we staid 
not, but went with the minister into another room and 
eat and drank, my she-cozen, Stradwick, being god- 
mother. It cost me 20J-. between the midwife and 
the two nurses to-day. 

20th. To Westminster Hall by water in the morn- 
ing, where I saw the King going in his barge to the 
Parliament House ; this being the first day of their 
meeting again. And the Bishops, I hear, do take 
their places in the Lords' House this day. I walked 
longe in the Hall, but hear nothing of newes, but 
what Ned Pickering tells me, which I am troubled at, 

^ " Philaster ; or. Love lies a bleeding," a tragedy, by Beaumont and 
Fletcher. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL FEPYS. 151 

that Sir J. Minnes should send word to the King, that 
if he did not remove all my Lord Sandwich's captains 
out of this fleet, he believed the King would not be 
master of the fleet at its coming again : and so do 
endeavour to bring disgrace upon my Lord. But I 
hope all that will not do, for the King loves him. 
Hence by water to the Wardrobe, and dined with my 
Lady, my Lady Wright "■ being there too, whom I find 
to be a witty but very conceited woman and proud. 
I home, and went seriously to look over my papers 
touching T. Trice, and I think I have found some that 
will go near to do me more good in this difference of 
ours than all I have before. So to bed with my mind 
cheery upon it, and lay long reading " Hobbs his Lib- 
erty and Necessity," and a little but very shrewd piece. 
2 1 St. Mr. Moore comes and dined with me, and 
we had a good surloyne of rost beefe, the first that 
ever I had of my own buying since I kept house ; 
after dinner went with Mr. Moore to Graye's Inn to 
his chamber, and there he shewed me his old Cam- 
den's " Britannica," which I intend to buy of him, 
and so took it away with me, and left it at St. Paul's 
Churchyard to be bound, and so home and to the 
office all the afternoon; it being the first afternoon 
that we have sat, which we are now to do always, so 
long as the Parliament sits, who this day have voted 
the King i20,ooo/.2 to be raised to pay his debts. 

^ See March 27, 1660, ante. Lady Wright lived till 1708. 
2 A mistake. According to the journals, ;^i, 200,000. And see Diary, 
29th February, 1663-4. (M. B.) 



152 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

22nd. Within all the morning, and at noon with my 
wife, by appointment to dinner at the Dolphin, where 
Sir W. Batten, and his lady and daughter Matt,^ and 
Captain Cocke and his lady, a German lady, but a 
very great beauty, and we dined together, at the 
spending of some wagers won and lost between him 
and I ; and there we had the best musique and very 
good songs, and were very merry and danced, but I 
was most of all taken with Madam Cocke and her 
little boy, which in mirth his father had given to me. 
But after all our mirth comes a reckoning of 4/., 
besides 40i-. to the musicians, which did trouble us, 
but it must be paid, and so I took leave and left them 
there about eight at night. 

23rd. To Westminster with my wife, and thence to 
Cheapside to one Savill,2 a painter, who I intend shall 
do my picture and my wife's. Thence I to dinner at 
the Wardrobe, and so home to the office, and there 
all the afternoon till night. This day I have a chine 
of beef sent home, which I bespoke to send, and did 
send it as a present to my uncle Wight. 

24th (Lord's day). Up early, and by appointment 
to St. Clement Danes ^ to church, and there to meet 
Captain Cocke, who had often commended Mr. Al- 
sopp, their minister, to me, who is indeed an able 
man, but as all things else did not come up to my 



« Martha Batten. 

2 No notice of this artist has been discovered. 

3 So called, because Harold, the Danish king, and others of his country- 
men, were there buried. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 53 

expectations. His text was that all good and perfect 
gifts are from above. To the Wardrobe and there 
dined. Thence homewards, and meeting Mr. Yong, 
the upholster, he and I to the Mitre, and with Mr. 
Rawlinson sat and drank a quart of sack. 

25 th. To Westminster Hall in the morning with 
Captain Lambert, and there he did at the Dog give 
me and some other friends of his, his foy,' he being 
to set sail to-day toward the Streights. Here we had 
oysters and good wine. Having this morning met in 
the Hall with Mr. Sanchy, we appointed to meet at 
the play this afternoon. At noon, at the rising of the 
House, I met with Sir W. Pen and Major General 
Massy, who I find by discourse to be a very ingenious 
man, and among other things a great master in the 
secresys of powder and fireworks, and another knight 
to dinner, at the Swan, in the Palace yard, and our 
meat brought from the Legg; and after dinner Sir 
W. Pen and I to the Theatre, and there saw "The 
Country Captain," a dull play, and that being done, I 
left him with his Torys ^ and went to the Opera, and 
saw the last act of "The Bondman," and there found 



^ Foy. See note, 20th March, 1660. (M. B.) 

2 Torys. " Whig and Tory. Whenever these terms were first intro- 
duced, and whatever might be their original meaning, it is certain in the reign 
of Charles II. they carried the political signification, which they have retained 
to our time." Thus in Dryden's Epilogue to the Duke of Guise, 1682 : 
" * Damned neuters, in their middle way of steering. 
Are neither fish nor flesh, nor good red herring; 
Not Whigs nor Tories they,' &c." 

Times, Things not Generally Known. (M. B.) 



154 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

Mr. Sanchy and Mrs. Mary Archer, sister to the fair 
Betty, whom I did admire at Cambridge, and thence 
took them to the Fleece ^ in Covent Garden ; but Mr. 
Sanchy could not by any argument get his lady to 
trust herself with him into the taveme, which he was 
much troubled at, and so we returned immediately 
into the city by coach, and then set her at her uncle's 
in the Old Jewry. 

27th. This morning our mayde Dorothy and my 
wife parted, which though she be a wench for her 
tongue not to be borne with, yet I was loth to part 
with her, but I took my leave kindly of her and went 
out to Savill's, the painter, and there sat the first time 
for my face with him ; thence to dinner with my 
Lady ; and so after an hour or two's talk in divinity 
with my Lady, Captain Ferrers and Mr. Moore and I 
to the Theatre, and there saw " Hamlett " very well 
done. 

28th. Letters from my Lord Sandwich, from Tan- 
gier ; 2 where he continues still, and hath done some 
execution upon the Turks, and retaken an Englishman 
from them, of one Mr. Parker's,^ a merchant in 
Marke-lane. To the Chancellor's, and there met with 



^ See the account of this tavern, Dec. i, 1660, ante. 

2 Lord Sandwich's Journal has been printed by Kennett. See note to 
Feb. 20, 1661-62, 

3 The Ironmongers* Company possess in trust an enormous sum, left by 
Thomas Batton, for the redemption of Christian slaves in Barbary. Since 
Lord Exmouth's expedition no claims have arisen upon the fund, which is 
now administered for other purposes, under the direction of the Court of 
Chancery. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 55 

Mr. Dugdale, and with him and one Mr. Simons, I 
think that belongs to my Lord Hatton/ and Mr. Kipps 
and others, to the Fountaine taverne. When I came 
home I found our new mayde Sarah, who is a tall and 
a very well favoured wench, and one that I think will 
please us. 

29th. I lay long in bed, till Sir Williams both sent 
me word that we were to wait upon the Duke of 
York to-day ; and that they would have me to meet 
them at Westminster Hall, at noon : so I rose and 
went thither; and there I understand that they are 
gone to Mr. Coventry's lodgings, in the Old Palace 
Yard, to dinner (the first time I knew he had any) : 2 
and there I met them two and Sir G. Carteret, and 
had a very fine dinner, and good welcome, and dis- 
course ; and so, by water, after dinner to White Hall 
to the Duke, who met us in his closet ; and there he 
did discourse to us the business of Holmes,^ and did 
desire of us to know what hath been the common 
practice about making of forrayne ships to strike sail 
to us, which they did all do as much as they could ; 
but I could say nothing to it, which I was sorry for. 
So indeed I was forced to study a lie, and so after we 
were gone from the Duke, I told Mr. Coventry that I 
had heard Mr. Selden often say, that he could prove 
that in Henry the yth's time, he did give commission 
to his captains to make the King of Denmark's ships 

* Christopher, first Lord Hatton. Ob. 1670. 

2 This may be dinner or lodgings. 

3 See i2th Nov. 1661, ante. 



156 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

to Strike to him ^ in the Baltique. From thence Sir 
W. Pen and I to the Theatre, but it was so full that 
we could hardly get any room, so he went up to one 
of the boxes, and I into the 18^. places, and there 
saw " Love at first sight," a play of Mr. Killigrew's, 
and the first time that it hath been acted since before 
the troubles, and great expectation there was, but I 
found the play to be a poor thing, and so I perceive 
every body else do. So home, calling at Paul's 
Churchyard for a " Mare Clausum," 2 having it in my 
mind to write a little matter, what I can gather, about 
the business of striking sayle, and present it to the 
Duke, which I now think will be a good way to make 
myself known. 

30th. In the morning to the Temple, and so to the 
Wardrobe to dinner. The Parliament has sat a pretty 
while. The old condemned judges of the late King 
have been brought before the Parliament, and like to 
be hanged. I am deep in Chancery against Tom 
Trice, God give a good issue ; and myself under great 



^ The tables were in vain attempted to be turned in May, 1670, when 
Arthur Capel, the first Earl of Essex, sent as Ambassador Extraordinary to 
Denmark in a ship of war, was thrice fired upon with shot by Major-General 
Holke, who commanded the Castle of Cronenburg, which Essex had neglected 
or refused to salute. Charles did not submit tamely to this insult. Essex 
was ordered to obtain the fullest reparation, and he did so promptly. On the 
19th of the same month, Sir John Trevor, Secretary of State, acknowledged 
the good success which Lord Essex had had " about the flagg. His Majesty 
received your letter with great satisfaction, which came seasonably to be de- 
clared here before the French Court. The satisfaction you have obtained is 
absolute, and a full renounce to all that pretence on their part." 

2 By Selden. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 57 

trouble for my late great expending of money vainly, 
which God stop for the future. This is the last day 
for the old State's coyne to pass in common pay- 
ments, but they say it is to pass in publique payments 
to the King three months still. 

December ist (Lord's day). In the morning at 
church and heard Mr. Mills. At noon dined and with 
me by appointment Mr. Sanchy, who should have 
brought his mistress, Mrs. Mary Archer, of Cambridge, 
but she could not come, but we had a good dinner 
for him. We this day cut a brave collar of brawne 
from Winchcombe which proves very good, and also 
opened the glass of girkins which Captain Cocke did 
give my wife the other day, which are rare things. 
There hath lately been great clapping up of some old 
statesmen, such as Ireton, Moyer,^ and others, and 
they say, upon a great plot, but I believe no such 
thing ; but it is but justice that they should be served 
as they served the poor Cavaliers ; and I beheve it 
will oftentimes be so as long as I live, whether there 
be cause or no. 

2nd. Called on by Mr. Sanchy and his mistress, and 
with them by coach to the Opera, to see " The Mad 
Lover," 2 but not much pleased with the play. That 
done home all to my house, where they staid and 
supped and were merry, and at last late bid good 
night, and so we to bed. 

3rd. To the Paynter's 3 and sat and had more of 

* Samuel Moyer, one of the Council of State, 1653. 

2 By John Fletcher. 3 Savill. See 23rd Nov. 1661. 



158 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

my picture done ; but it do not please me, for I fear 
it will not be like me. At noon thence to the Ward- 
robe, where my Lady Wright was at dinner, and all 
our talk about the great happiness that my Lady 
Wright says there is in being in the fashion and in 
variety of fashions, in scorn of others that are not so, 
as citizens* wives and country gentlewomen, which 
though it did displease me enough, yet I said nothing 
to it. Thence by water to the office through bridge, 
being carried by him in oares that the other day 
rowed in a scull faster than my oares to the Towre, 
and I did give him dd. At the office all the after- 
noon, and at night home to read in '' Mare Clausum " 
till bed-time. 

4th. To Whitehall with both Sir Williams, thence 
by water, where I saw a man lie dead upon West- 
minster Stairs that had been drowned yesterday, to 
the Temple. 

5 th. This morning I went early to the Paynter's 
and there sat for my picture the fourth time, but it do 
not yet please me, which do much trouble me. Thence 
to the Treasury office, and there we sat to pay off the 
St. George. By and by came Sir W. Pen, and he and 
I went and dined at my house, and had two mince 
pies sent thither by our order from the messenger 
Slater, that had dressed some victuals for us, and so 
we were very merry. 

6th. To White Hall, where, at Sir G. Carteret's, 
Sir Williams both and I dined very pleasantly; and 
after dinner, by appointment, came the Governors of 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 59 

the East India Company, to sign and seal the con- 
tract' between us (in the King's name) and them. 
And that done, we all went to the King's closet, and 
there spoke with the King and the Duke of York, who 
promise to be very careful of the India trade to the 
utmost. 

7th. This morning comes Captain Ferrers and the 
German, Emanuel Luffe, who goes as one of my 
Lord's footmen, though he deserves a much better 
preferment, to take their leave of me, and here I got 
the German to play upon my theorbo. He plays 
bravely. I did give them a mince pie and a collar 
of brawn and some wine for their breakfast, and were 
very merry. At last we all parted, but within a quar- 
ter of an hour after they were gone, and my wife and 
I were talking about buying of a fine scallop which 
is brought her this morning by a woman to be sold, 
which is to cost her 45 j-., in comes the German back 
again, all in a goare of blood, which I wondered at, 
and tells me that he is afeard that the Captain is 
killed by the watermen at Towre Stayres ; so I pres- 
ently 2 went thither, and found that upon some rude 
pressing of the watermen to ply the Captain, he struck 
one of them with his cane,3 which they would not 
take, but struck him again, and then the German drew 

^ The important charter had been granted to the Company in the April 
previous. Bombay, just acquired, as part of Queen Katherine's dowry, was 
not made over to the Company by Charles until 1668, 

2 Immediately. (M. B.) 

3 See a similar outrage, committed by Captain Ferrers, 12th Sept. 1662. 
Swords were usually worn by footmen. See 4th May, \662,J>ost. 



l60 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

his sword and ran at one of them, but they were both 
soundly beaten. The Captain is, however, got to the 
hoy that carries him and the pages to the Do^vnes, 
and I went into the alehouse at the Stayres and got 
them to deliver the Captain's feathers, which one from 
the Captain was come to demand, and went home 
again, and there found my wife dressing of the Ger- 
man's head, and so did [give] him a cravett for his 
neck, and a crowne in his purse, and sent him away 
again. To Whitehall, and eat a bit of meat at Wilkin- 
son's, and then to the Privy Scale, and sealed there ; 
and, among other things that passed, there was a 
patent for Roger Palmer (Madam Palmer's husband) 
to be Earle of Castlemaine ^ and Baron of Limbricke 
in Ireland ; but the honour is tied up to the males got 
of the body of this wife, the Lady Barbary : the reason 
whereof every body knows. That done, by water to 
the office, where I found Sir W. Pen, and with him 
Captain Holmes, who had wrote his case, and gives 
me a copy, as he hath many among his friends, and 
presented the same to the King and Council. Which 
I shall make use of in my attempt of writing some- 
thing concerning the business of striking sail, which I 
am now about.^ But he do cry out against Sir John 



1 Ob. July, 1705. 

2 Pepys seems not to have been aware at the time that Sir John Bur- 
roughs, Keeper of the Records, tetnp. Car. I., had written a Treatise on the 
Sovereignty of the British Seas, copies of which, both in Latin and EngUsh, 
are common, and one of which is in the Pepysian Library ; neither had he 
discovered that William Ryley, the Herald, Deputy Keeper of the Records, 
whom he knew personally, had also written on the subject, and had made 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. l6l 

Minnes, as the veriest knave and rogue and coward in 
the world. 

8th (Lord's day). To dinner at the Wardrobe, 
and after a great deal of good discourse with my Lady, 
among other things of the great christening yesterday 
at Mr. Rumbell's, and courtiers and pomp that was 
there, which I wonder at, I went away up and dowTi 
into all the churches almost between that place and 
my house, and so home. 

9th. At noon to dinner at the Wardrobe ; where 
my Lady Wright was, who did talk much upon the 
worth and the desert of gallantry ; and that there was 
none fit to be courtiers, but such as have been abroad 
and know fashions. Which I endeavoured to oppose ; 
and was troubled to hear her talk so, though she be 
a very wise and discreet lady in other things. From 
thence Mr. Moore and I to the Temple about my law 
business with my cozen Turner, and there we read over 
T. Trice's answer to my bill and advised thereupon. 
So by coach home, and to supper, and to bed, having 
staid up till 12 at night writing letters to my Lord 
Sandwich and all my friends with him at sea, to send 
to-morrow by Mons. Eschar. 

loth. To Whitehall, so to dinner to my Lord 
Crew's by coach, and in my way had a stop of above 
an houre and a half, which is a great trouble this 



extracts from the Records. Ryley's collections appear to have belonged to 
James II., and were probably made for him at this time. The Duke of 
Newcastle afterwards possessed them, and they are now in the British 

Museum. 



l62 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

Parliament time, but it cannot be helped. However 
I got thither before my Lord come from the House, 
and so dined with him. 

nth. I went out, and in my way met with Mr. 
Howell the Turner, who invited me to dine this day 
at Mr. Rawlinson's with some friends of his, officers 
of the Towre, at a venison pasty, which I promised 
him, and so I went to the Old Bayly, and there staid 
and drank with him, who told me the whole story how 
Pegg Kite has married herself to a weaver, an ugly 
fellow, to her undoing. From thence home and put 
on my velvet coat, and so to the Mitre to dinner, but 
going up into the room I found at least 1 2 or more 
persons, and knew not the face of any of them, so I 
went down again and walked to the Exchequer, and 
up and down, and was very hungry, and from thence 
home, and my wife was gone out by coach to Clerken- 
well, to see Mrs. Margaret Pen, who is at schoole 
there. So I went to see Sir W. Pen, and he and I after 
some talk took a coach and went to Moorfields, and 
there into an alehouse and I drank some ale and eat 
some bread and cheese, and so being very merry we 
went home again. 

1 2 th. To the Wardrobe and dined with my Lady, 
where her brother, Mr. John Crew, dined also, and a 
strange gentlewoman dined at the table as a servant 
of my Lady's ; but I knew her not, and so I am afeard 
that poor Madamoiselle ^ was gone, but I since under- 

^ See Nov. 15, 1661, arde. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 63 

Stand that she is come as housekeeper to my Lady, 
and is a married woman. 

13th. Dined at home and then with my wife to 
the Paynter's,' and there she sat the first time to be 
drawn while I all the while stood looking on a 
pretty lady's picture, whose face did please me ex- 
tremely. At last, he having done, I found that the 
dead colour of my wife is good, above what I ex- 
pected, which pleased me exceedingly. So home 
and to the office about some special business, where 
Sir Williams both. 

15th (Lord's day). To church in the morning 
where our young Reader begun the first day to read. 
Sir W. Pen dined with me and we were merry. Again 
to church and so home, and all alone read till bedtime, 
and so to prayers and to bed. I have been troubled 
this day about a difference between my wife and her 
mayde Nell, who is a simple slut, and I am afeard we 
shall find her a cross-grained wench. I am now full 
of study about writing something about our making of 
strangers strike to us at sea ; and so am altogether 
reading Selden and Grotius, and such other authors 
to that purpose. 

1 6th. Up by five o'clock this morning by candle- 
light, and so by coach to Chelsy to my Lord Privy 
Scale, and so back to Westminster Hall, and thence 
to my Lord Sandwich's lodgings, where I met my wife, 
and got a joint of meat thither from the Cook's, and 

I Savill's. 



1 64 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

after dinner to the Opera, where there was a new play 
("Cutter of Coleman Street ")/ made in the year 
1658, with reflections much upon the late times; and 
it being the first time the pay was doubled, and so to 
save money, my wife and I went up into the gallery, 
and there sat and saw very well \ and a very good play 
it is. It seems of Cowly's making. 

1 7th. Up and to the Paynter's to see how he went 
forward in our picture. So back again to dinner at 
home, and then was sent for to the Privy Seale, whith- 
er I was forced to go and stay so long and late that I 
was much vexed. At last we got all done, and then 
made haste to the office, where they were sat, and there 
we sat late, and so home to supper and to Selden, 
" Mare Clausum," and so to bed. 

1 8th. At the office upon business extraordinary all 
the morning, then to my Lady Sandwich's to dinner, 
and then to see Mrs. Turner, who begins to be better, 
and so back to my Ladies, where much made of, and 
so home to my study till bed-time. 

19th. This morning my wife and I to the Paynt- 
er's and there she sat till noon, I all the while looking 
over a variety of prints. After the Paynter had done 
I did like the picture pretty well, and my wife and I 
went home by coach, but in the way I took occasion 
to fall out with my wife very highly about her ribbands 
being ill matched and of two colours, and to very high 

^ Cutter, in old English, means a swagger : hence the title of the play. 
It was originally called " The Guardian," when acted before royalty a 
Cambridge. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 65 

words, so that, like a passionate fool, I did call her a 
bad name, for which I was afterwards sorry. Then I 
to the Dolphin, where Sir W. Warren did give us all a 
good dinner, and that being done, to the office, and 
there sat late, and so home. 

20th. To the Wardrobe to dinner, and then met 
with Mr. Swan (my old acquaintance), and we to a 
taverne, where we had enoughof his old simple reli- 
gious talk, and he is still a coxcomb in these things 
as he ever was, and tells me he is setting out a book 
called the unlawfiill use of lawfull things ; but a very 
simple fellow he is, and so I leave him. 

2ist. To White Hall to the Privy Scale, where my 
Lord Privy Scale did tell us he could scale no more 
this month, for that he goes thirty miles out of towne 
to keep his Christmas. At which I was glad, but only 
afeard lest any thing of the King's should force us to 
to after him to get a scale in the country. Taken by 
some Exchequer men to the Dogg, where, being St. 
Thomas's day, by custome they have a general meet- 
ing at dinner. There I was and all very merry, and 
there I spoke to Mr. Falconberge to look whether he 
could out of Domesday Book,^ give me any thing 
concerning the sea, and the dominion thereof; which 
he says he will look after. So by coach home to the 
office, where I was vexed to see Sir Williams both 
seem to think so much that I should be a little out of 
the way, saying that without their Register they were 

* What idea could Pepys have formed of Doomsday Book ? 



1 66 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

not a Committee, which I took in some dudgeon, and 
see clearly that I must keep myself at a little dis- 
tance with them and not crouch, or else I shall never 
keep myself up even with them. 

22nd. To church in the morning, where the Reader 
made a boyish young sermon. Home to dinner, and 
there I took occasion, from the blacknesse of the meat 
as it came out of the pot, to fall out with my wife and 
my mayde for their sluttery, and went up to read in 
Mr. Selden till church time, and then my wife and I 
to church, and there in the pew, with the rest of the 
company, was Captain Holmes, in his gold-laced suit, 
at which I was troubled. 

23rd. Early up and by coach (before daylight) to 
the Wardrobe, and so to Chelsy to my Lord Privy 
Seale, and there sealed some things. So back again 
to Westminster, and from thence by water to the 
Treasury Office, where I found Sir W. Pen paying off 
the Sophia and Griffen, and there I staid with him 
till noon, and having sent for some collar of beef and 
a mince pie, we eat and drank, and so I left him and 
took coach, and lighting at my bookseller's in Paul's 
Churchyard, I met with Mr. Crumlum and the second 
master of Paul's School, and thence I took them to 
the Starr, and there we sat and talked, and I had 
great pleasure in their company, and very glad I was 
of meeting him so accidentally, I having omitted too 
long to go to see him. Here in discourse of books 
I did offer to give the schoole what books he would 
choose of 5/. So we parted. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 6/ 

25th. In the morning to church, where at the door 
of our pew I was fain to stay, because that the sexton 
had not opened the door. A good sermon of Mr. 
Mills. Dined at home all alone, and taking occasion 
from some fault in the meat to complain of my 
mayd's sluttery, my wife and I fell out, and I up 
to my chamber in a discontent. After dinner my 
wife comes up to me and all friends again, and she 
and I to walk upon the leads, and there Sir W. Pen 
called us, and we went to his house and supped with 
him. 

26th. This morning Sir W. Pen and I to the 
Treasury office, and there we paid off the Amity and 
another ship, and so home, and after dinner Sir Wil- 
liam came to me, and he and his son and daughter, 
and I and my wife, by coach to Moorfields to walk ; 
but it was most foule weather, and so we went into 
an alehouse and there eat some cakes and ale, and 
a washeall-bowle ^ woman and girle came to us and 
sung to us. And after all was done I called my boy 
(Wayneman) to us to eat some cake that was left, and 
the woman of the house told us that he had called 
for two cakes and a pot of ale for himself, at which I 
was angry, and am resolved to correct him for it. 
So home, and Sir W. Pen and his son and daughter 



^ Wassel or wassail, from two Saxon words, meaning " be in health," or 
water of health," which was the form of drinking a health. 

" The King doth wake to-night, and takes his rouse, 
Keeps wassel." 

Shakespeare, Hamlet, act i. sc. 4. (M. B.) 



1 68 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

to supper to me to a good turkey, and were merry at 
cards, and so to bed. 

27th. In the morning to my Bookseller's to bespeak 
a Stephens' Thesaurus, for which I offer 4/., to give to 
Paul's School, and from thence to Paul's Church ; and 
there I heard Dr. Gunning preach a good sermon 
upon the day (being St. John's day), and did hear 
him tell a story, which he did persuade us to believe to 
be true, that St. John and the Virgin Mary did appear 
to Gregory, a Bishopp, at his prayer to be confirmed 
in the faith, which I did wonder to hear from him. 

28th. At home all the morning; and in the after- 
noon all of us at the office, upon a letter from the 
Duke for the making up of a speedy estimate of all 
the debts of the Navy, which is put into good for- 
wardness. I home and Sir W. Pen to my house, 
who with his children staid playing cards late, and 
so to bed. 

29th (Lord's day). To the Abbey, and there meet- 
ing with Mr. Hooper, he took me in among the quire, 
and there I staid with them their service. So to the 
Wardrobe and supped, and staid very long talking 
with my Lady, who seems to doat every day more and 
more upon us. 

30th. With my wife and Sir W. Pen to see our 
pictures, which do not much displease us, and so back 
again, and I staid at the Mitre, whither I had invited 
all my old acquaintance of the Exchequer to a good 
chine of beef, which with three barrels of oysters and 
three pullets, and plenty of wine and mirth, was our 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 69 

dinner, and there was about twelve of us, and here I 
made a foohsh promise to give them one this day 
twelvemonth, and so for ever while I live, but I do 
not intend it. So home to Sir W. Pen, who with his 
children and my wife has been at a play to-day and 
saw "D'Ambois," ^ which I never saw. Here we staid 
late at supper and playing at cards, and so home and 
to bed. 

31st. My wife and I this morning to the Paynter's, 
and there she sat the last time, and I stood by and 
did tell him some little things to do, that now her 
picture I think will please me. very well ; and after 
her, her little black dogg sat in her lap, and was 
drawn, which made us very merry ; so home to din- 
ner. To the office ; and there late finishing our 
estimate of the debts of the Navy to this day ; and 
it come to near 374,000/. So home, and after supper, 
and my barber had trimmed me, I sat down to end 
my journell for this year, and my condition at this 
time, by God's blessing, is thus : my health is very 
good, and so my wife's in all respects : my servants, 
W. Hewer, Sarah, Nell, and Wayneman : my house at 
the Navy Office. I suppose myself to be worth about 
500/. clear in the world, and my goods of my house 
my owne, and what is coming to me from Brampton, 
when my father dies, which God defer. But, by my 
uncle's death, the whole care and trouble of all, and 
settling of all lies upon me, which is very great, be- 

^ A tragedy, by George Chapman. 



I/O DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

cause of law-suits, especially that with T. Trice, about 
the interest of 200/., which will, I hope, be ended 
soon. My chiefest thought is now to get a good wife 
for Tom, there being one offered by the Joyces, a 
cozen of theirs, worth 200/. in ready money. I am 
also upon writing a httle treatise to present to the 
Duke, about our privilege in the seas, as to other 
nations striking their flags to us. But my greatest 
trouble is, that I have for this last half year been a 
very great spendthrift in all manner of respects, that 
I am afeard to cast up my accounts, though I hope I 
am worth what I say above. But I will cast them up 
very shortly. I have newly taken a solemn oath about 
abstaining from plays and wine, which I am resolved 
to keep according to the letter of the oath which I 
keep by me. The fleet hath been ready to sail for 
Portugall, but hath lacked wind this fortnight, and by 
that means my Lord is forced to keep at sea all this 
winter, till he brings home the Queene, which is the 
expectation of all now, and the greatest matter of 
publique talk. 

[1661-62.] January ist. Waking this morning out 
of my sleep on a sudden, I did with my elbow hit my 
wife a great blow over her face and nose, which waked 
her with pain, at which I was sorry, and to sleep 
again. Up and went forth with Sir W. Pen by coach 
towards Westminster, and in my way seeing that the 
" Spanish Curate " ^ was acted to-day, I light and let 

* By John Fletcher. Pepys saw it at the Duke's Theatre. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 171 

him go alone, and I home again and sent to young 
Mr. Pen ^ and his sister to go anon with my wife and 
I to the Theatre. That done, Mr. W. Pen came to 
me and he and I walked out, and to the Stacioner's, 
and looked over some pictures and maps for my 
house, and so home again to dinner, and by and by 
came the two young Pens, and after we had eat a 
barrel of oysters we went by coach to the play, and 
there saw it well acted, and a good play it is, only 
Diego the Sexton did overdo his part too much. 
From thence home, and they sat with us till late at 
night at cards very merry, but the jest was Mr. W. 
Pen had left his sword in the coach, and so my boy 
and he run out after the coach, and by very great 
chance did at the Exchange meet with the coach and 
got his sword again. So to bed. 

2nd. An invitation sent us before we were upp 
from my Lady Sandwich's, to come and dine with 
her : so at the office all the morning, and at noon 
thither to dinner, where there was a good and great 
dinner, and the company, Mr. William Montagu and 
his Lady, but she seemed so far from the beauty that 
I expected her from my Lady's talk to be, that it put 
me into an ill humour all the day, to find my expecta- 
tion so lost. I went forth, by appointment, to meet 
with Mr. Grant, who promised to bring me acquainted 
with Cooper,^ the great limner in little, but they de- 
ceived me, and so I went home, and there sat at my 

2 The well-known Quaker. (M. B.) 

3 Samuel Cooper, the celebrated miniature painter. Ob. 1672. 



1/2 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

lute and singing till almost twelve at night, and so to 
bed. Sir Richd. Fanshaw is come suddenly from 
Portugall, but nobody knows what his business is. 

3rd. To Faithorne's/ and there bought some pic- 
tures of him ; and while I was there, comes by the 
King's life-guard, he being gone to Lincoln's Inne this 
afternoon to see the Revells there ; there being, ac- 
cording to an old custome, a prince and all his nobles, 
and other matters of sport and charge. So home, 
and up to my chamber to look over my papers and 
other things, my mind being much troubled for these 
four or five days because of my present great expense, 
and will be so till I cast up and see how my estate 
stands, and that I am loth to do for fear I have spent 
too much, and delay it the rather that I may pay for 
my pictures and my wife's, and the book that I am 
buying for Paul's Schoole before I do cast up my 
accompts. 

4th. At home most of the morning hanging up 
pictures, and seeing how my pewter sconces that I 
have bought will become my stayres and entry. With 
Mr. Chetwin, who had a dog challenged of him by 
another man that said it was his, but Mr. Chetwin 
called the dog, and the dog at last would follow him, 
and not his old master. To Wilkinson's to dinner, 
where we had some rost beefe and a mutton pie, and 
a mince-pie, but none of them pleased me. After 
dinner by coach my wife and I home, and I to the 

^ William Falthornc, the well-known engraver. Ob. 1691. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 73 

office, and there till late, and then I and my wife to 
Sir W. Pen's to cards and supper, and were merry, and 
much correspondence there has been between our two 
families this Christmas. 

5th (Lord's day). My wife not well. I to church, 
and so home to dinner, and dined alone upon some 
marrow bones, and had a fine piece of rost beefe, but 
being alone I eat none. So after dinner comes in my 
brother Tom, and he tells me how he hath seen the 
father and mother of the girle which my cozen Joyces 
would have him to have for a wife, and they are much 
for it, but we are in a great quandary what to do 
therein, 200/. being but a little money ; and I hope, 
if he continues as he begins, he may look out for one 
with more. To church, and before sermon there was 
a long psalm, and half another sung out while the 
Sexton gathered what the church would give him for 
this last year. I gave him 3^., and have the last week 
given the Gierke 2s. ^ which I set down that I may 
know what to do the next year, if it please the Lord 
that I hve so long ; but the jest was, the Clerk begins 
the 25 th psalm, which hath a proper tune to it, and 
then the 11 6th, which cannot be sung with that tune, 
which seemed very ridiculous. After church to Sir 
W. Batten's, where on purpose I have not been this 
fortnight, and I am resolved to keep myself more re- 
served to avoyd the contempt which otherwise I must 
fall into. 

6th (Twelfth day) . This morning I sent my lute to 
the Paynter's, and there I staid with him all the morn- 



1/4 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

ing to see him paint the neck of my lute in my pic- 
tures, which I was not pleased with after it was done. 
Thence to dinner to Sir W. Pen's, it being a solemn 
feast day with him, his wedding day,' and we had, 
besides a good chine of beef and other good cheer, 
eighteen mince pies in a dish, the number of the years 
that he hath been married,^ where Sir W. Batten and 
his Lady and daughter was, and Colonel Treswell and 
Major Holmes, who I perceive would fain get to be 
free and friends with my wife, but I shall prevent it, 
and she herself hath also a defyance against him. 
After dinner they set in to drinking, so that I would 
stay no longer, but went away home, and anon I went 
again after the company was gone, and sat and played 
at cards with Sir W. Pen and his children, and so after 
supper home. 

7th. To the office. In the afternoon and at night 
to Sir W. Pen's, there supped and played at cards 
with them and were merry, the children being to go 
all away to schoole again to-morrow. 

8th. To Westminster Hall upon several businesses. 
To dinner with my Lady, and so home, and so up to 
my study and read the t\vo treaties before Mr. Selden's 
"Mare Clausum." This night come about 100/. from 
Brampton by carrier to me, in holsters from my father, 
which made me laugh. 

9th. At the office all the morning private with Sir 

* Lady Penn was Margaret, daughter of Sir John Jasper, of Rotterdam. 
— Life of Penn, ii. 572. 

2 The same custom is noticed, Feb. 3, 1661-62. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1/5 

G. Carteret, Sir W. Batten, and Sir W. Pen, about 
drawing up an answer to several demands of my Lord 
Treasurer, and late at it till 2 o'clock. Then to din- 
ner, and so to the office again and sat till late. This 
morning we agreed upon some things to answer to the 
Duke about the practice of striking of the flags, which 
will now put me upon finishing my resolution of writ- 
ing something upon the subject. 

loth. To White Hall, and there spoke with Sir 
Paul Neale ^ about a mathematical request of my 
Lord's to him, which I did deliver to him, and he 
promised to employ somebody to answer it, something 
about observation of the moone and stars, but what I 
did not mind. An injuncon is granted in Chancery 
against T. Trice, at which I was very glad, being be- 
fore in some trouble for it. To Westminster, by 
appointment, to meet my wife at Mrs. Hunt's to gos- 
sip with her, which we did alone, and were very 
merry, and did give her a cup and spoon for my wife's 
god-child. 

nth. To the Exchange, and there all the news is 
of the French and Dutch joyning against us ; but I 
do not think it yet true. In the afternoon to Sir W. 
Batten's, where in discourse I heard the custome of 
the election of the Duke of Genoa,^ who for two 
years is every day attended in the greatest state, and 



» Sir Paul Neile, of White Waltham, Berks, son of Neile, Archbishop of 
York, an active member of the Royal Society. 

2 Readers will find a good account of the origin of the Ducal Government 
of Genoa in Hallara's " Middle Ages," vol. i., p. 468. 



1/6 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

four or five hundred men always waiting upon him as 
a king ; and when the two years are out, and another 
is chose, a messenger is sent to him, who stands at the 
bottom of the stairs, and he at the top, and says, " V^- 
Illustrissima Serenita sta finita, et puede andar en 
casa." — " Your serenity is now ended ; and now you 
may be going home : " and so claps on his hat. And 
the old Duke (having by custom sent his goods home 
before), walks away, it may be but with one man at 
his heels ; and the new one brought immediately in 
his room, in the greatest state in the world. Another 
account was told us, how in the Dukedom of Ragusa, 
in the Adriatique (a State that is little, but more 
ancient, they say, than Venice, and is called the 
mother of Venice, and the Turkes He round about it), 
that they change all the officers of their guard, for 
fear of conspiracy, every twenty-four hours, so that 
nobody knows who shall be captain of the guard to- 
night ; but two men come to a man, and lay hold of 
him as a prisoner, and carry him to the place ; and 
there he hath the keys of the garrison given him, and 
he presently issues his orders for that night's watch : 
and so always from night to night. Sir Wm. Rider 
told the first of his own knowledge ; and both he and 
Sir W. Batten confirm the last. 

1 2th (Lord's day). To church. At noon Sir W. 
Pen and my good friend Deane Fuller, by appoint- 
ment, dined with me very merry and handsomely. 

13th. All the morning at home, and Mr. Berken- 
shaw (whom I have not seen a great while, came to 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 77 

see me), who staid with me a great while talking 
of musique, and I am resolved to begin to leame of 
him to compose, and to begin to-morrow, he giving 
of me so great hopes that I shall soon do it. Before 
twelve o'clock comes, by appointment, Mr. Peter and 
the Deane,^ and Collonel Honiwood, brothers, to dine 
with me ; but so soon that I was troubled at it. But, 
however, I entertained them with talk and oysters till 
one o'clock, and then we sat down to dinner, and so 
we dined very merry, at least I seemed so, but the 
dinner does not please me, and less the Deane and 
Collonel, whom I found to be pitiful sorry gentlemen, 
though good-natured, but Mr. Peter above them both, 
who after did show us the experiment (which I had 
heard talke of) of the chymicall glasses,^ which break 



^ These three brothers were the sons of Robert Honywood, of Charing, 
Kent, who had purchased the estate of Mark's Hall, in Essex; and whose 
mother, Mary Attwaters, after forty-four years of widowhood, died at ninety- 
three, having lived to see three hundred and sixty-seven of her own lawful 
descendants. Colonel Honywood and Peter seem, from subsequent notices 
in the Diary, to have been both knighted: but we find no particulars of their 
history. Michael Honywood, D.D., was rector of Kegworth, co. Leicester, 
and seeking refuge at Utrecht during the Rebellion, was, on his return, made 
Dean of Lincoln, and died in 1681, aged 85, having been generally considered 
a learned and holy man. The widow of Dean Honywood left his library to 
the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln. Many early printed books of great rarity 
contained in this collection were dispersed under the auspices of Dean Gor- 
don in 1817, and replaced by the purchase of modern works comparatively 
of no value. See Botfield's " Account of our Cathedral Libraries." In the 
"Topographer and Genealogist," No. V., there is a printed account of 
" Mary Honywood and her posterity," taken from a MS. of Peter Le Neve's, 
in the Landsdowne Collection, in the British Museum. 

2 They are formed by dropping melted glass into water. These drops are 
still called after Prince Rupert, who brought them out of Germany, where 
they were named " Lacrymae Batavicae." They consist of glass drops with 



178 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

all to dust by breaking off a little small end ; which is 
a great mystery to me. They being gone, my aunt 
Wight and my wife to cards, she teaching of us how 
to play at gleeke,^ which is a pretty game ; but I have 
not my head so free as to be troubled with it. 

14th. All the morning at home, Mr. Berkenshaw^ 
by appointment yesterday coming to me, and begun 
composition of musique. After dinner in the afternoon 
to the office. This day my brave vellum covers to keep 
pictures in, come in, which pleases me very much. 

15th. This morning Mr. Berkenshaw came again, 
and after he had examined me and taught me some- 
thing in my work, he and I went to breakfast in my 
chamber upon a collar of brawne, and after we had 
eaten, asked me whether we had not committed a 
fault in eating to-day ; telling me that it is a fast day 
ordered by the Parliament,^ to pray for more seasonable 

long and slender tails, which burst to pieces on the breaking off those tails 
in any part. The invention is thus alluded to in " Hudibras: " — 
" Honour is like that glassy bubble 
That finds philosophers such trouble, 
Whose least part cracked, the whole does fly. 
And wits are cracked to find out why." 

Part II., canto 11., line 385. 
^ A game at cards, played by three persons with forty-four cards, each 
hand having twelve, and eight being left for the stock. It was reckoned a 
very genteel game in Ben Jonson's time. 

" Nor play with costarmongers at mumchance, tray-trip. 
But keep the gallant'st company and the best games, 
Gleek and primero." Alchemist, act v. so. 4. 

See Nares' " Glossary." (M. B.) 

2 Pepys's music-master. 

3 On the 8th, a Proclamation was issued for a general fast to be observed 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 1 79 

weather; it having hitherto been summer weather, 
that it is, both as to warmth and every other thing, 
just as if it were the middle of May or June, which 
do threaten a plague (as all men think) to follow, for 
so it was almost the last winter ; and the whole year 
after hath been a very sickly time to this day.^ 

1 6th. Towards Cheapside ; and in Paul's Church- 
yard saw the funeral of my Lord Comwallis,^ late 
Steward 3 of the King's House, a bold profane talking 
man, go by, and thence I to the Paynter's, and there 
paid him 6/. for the tv\'0 pictures, and ^ds. for the 
two frames. Stokes told us, that notwithstanding the 
country of Gambo ^ is so unhealthy, yet the people of 
the place live very long, so as the present king there 
is 150 years old, which they count by rains : because 
every year it rains continually four months together. 
He also told us, that the kings there have above 100 
wives a-piece, and offered him the choice of any of 
his wives, and so he did Captain Holmes. 

17th. To Westminster with Mr. Moore, and there 
I met with Lany, the Frenchman, who told me that 

in London and Westminster on the 15th, and in the rest of England on the 
22nd, with prayers on occasion of " the present unseasonableness of the 
weather." William Lucy, Bishop of St, David's, preached before the House 
of Lords. Dr. Samuel Bolton and Dr. Bruno Ryves preached at St. 
Margaret's, before the House of Commons. 

1 The old proverb says truly, that " a green yule maketh a fat kirk-yard." 
Apples were growing at this time. 

2 See ante, April 23, 1661, note. 

3 This should be Treasurer, 

4 Gambia, on the western coast of Africa, then recently possessed by the 
English. Its unhealthy character is still, alas! well proved by our cruisers 
against the slave trade. 



l8o DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

he had a letter from France last night, that tells him 
that my Lord Hinchingbroke is dead, and that he 
did die yesterday was se'nnight, which do surprise 
me exceedingly (though we know that he hath been 
sick these two months), so I hardly ever was in my 
life j but being fearfull that my Lady should come to 
hear it too suddenly, he and I went up to my Lord 
Crew's, and there I dined with him, and after dinner 
we told him, and the whole family is much disturbed 
by it : so we consulted what to do to tell my Lady of 
it ; and at last we thought of my going first to Mr. 
George Montagu's to hear whether he had any news 
of it, which I did, and there found all his house in 
great heavinesse for the death of his son, Mr. George 
Montagu, who did go with our young gentlemen into 
France, and that they hear nothing at all of our young 
Lord ; so believing that thence comes the mistake, I 
returned to my Lord Crew (in my way in the Piazza 
seeing a house on fire, and all the streets full of peo- 
ple to quench it), and told them of it, which they 
are much glad of, and conclude, and so I hope, that 
my Lord is well ; and so I went to my Lady Sand- 
wich, and told her all, and after much talk I parted 
thence with my wife, who had been there all the day, 
and so home to my musique, and then to bed. 

1 8th. Comes Mr. Moore to give me an account 
how Mr. Montagu ^ was gone away of a sudden 

I Edward Montagu, noticed 20th April, i56o, dying unmarried, s. p., his 
brother Ralph succeeded, as third Lord Montagu of Boughton, and was cre- 
ated an Earl in 1689, and in 1705 Duke of Montagu. He was Ambassador to 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. l8l 

with the fleet, in such haste that he hath left behind 
some servants, and many things of consequence ; and 
among others, my Lord's commission for Embassador. 
Whereupon he and I took coach, and to White Hall 
to my Lord's lodgings, to have spoke with Mr. Ralph 
Montagu, I his brother (and here we staid talking with 
Sarah and the old man) ; but by and by hearing that 
he was in Covent Garden, we went thither : and at my 
Lady Harvy's, his sister, I spoke with him, and he 
tells me that the commission is not left behind. 

19th (Lord's day). To church in the morning, 
where Mr. Mills preached upon Christ's being offered 
up for our sins, and there proving the equity with 
what justice God would lay our sins upon his Son, he 
did make such a sermon (among other things pleading, 
from God's universal sovereignty over all his creatures, 
the power he has of commanding what he would of 
his Son by the same rule as that he might have made 
us all, and the whole world from the beginning to 
have been in hell, arguing from the power the potter 
has over his clay), that I could have wished he had 
let it alone ; and speaking again, the Father is now so 
satisfied by our security for our debt, that we might 



France from 1668 to 1672: and some of his letters were used for the impeach- 
ment of the Earl of Danby, afterwards Duke of Leeds. He died in 1709. 
His sister Elizabeth had married Sir Daniel Harvey, who was knighted 
by Charles H. at his first landing, and was sent, in 1668, Ambassador to 
Constantinople. 

I Ralph, eldest son of Edward, second Baron Montagu, of Boughton; 
created Duke of Montagu, and died 1709. His sister Elizabeth had married 
Sir D. Harvey, Knt., Ambassador to Constantinople. 



1 82 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

say at the last day as many of us as have interest in 
Christ's death : Lord, we owe thee nothing, our debt 
is paid thee to the full ; which methinks were very 
bold words. Home to dinner, and then my wife and 
I on foot to see Mrs. Turner, who continues still sick, 
and thence into the Old Bayly by appointment to 
speak with Mrs. Norbury, who hes (it falls out) next 
door to my uncle Fenner's ; but as God would have 
it, we having no desire to be seen by his people, he 
having lately married a midwife that is old and ugly, 
and that hath already brought home to him a daughter 
•xnd three children, we were let in at a back doore. 
And here she offered me the refusall of some lands 
of her's at Brampton, if I have a mind to buy, which 
I answered her I was not at present provided to do. 
Thence to my uncle Wight's, and there we supped 
and were merry, though my uncle hath lately lost 200 
or 300 at sea, and I am troubled to hear that the 
Turkes do take more and more of our ships in the 
Straights, and that our merchants here in London do 
daily break, and are still likely to do so. So home 
and to prayers, and to bed. 

20th. This morning Sir Wm. Batten and Pen and 
I did begin the examining the Treasurer's accounts, 
and we were all at it till noon, and then to dinner, he 
providing a fine dinner for us, and we eat it at Sir W. 
Batten's, where we were very merry. Mr. Morrice, 
the wine cooper, this day did divide the two butts, 
which we four did send for, of sherry from Cales, and 
mine was put into a hogshead, and the vessel filled 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 83 

up with four gallons of Malaga wine, but what it will 
stand us in I know not : but it is the first great quan- 
tity of wine that I ever bought. 

2 1 St. To the finishing of the Treasurer's accounts 
this morning, and then to dinner again, and were 
merry as yesterday, and so home, and then to the 
office till night, and then home to write letters, and 
to practise my composition of musique, and then to 
bed. We have heard nothing yet how far the fleet 
hath got toward Portugall, but thcwind being changed 
again, we fear they are stopped, and may be beat 
back again to the coast of Ireland. 

2 2d. After musique-practice, to White Hall, and 
thence to Westminster, in my way calling at Mr. 
George Montagu's,^ to condole on the loss of his son, 
who was a fine gentleman, and it is no doubt a great 
discomfort to our two young gentlemen, his compan- 
ions in France. After this discourse he told me, 
among other news, the great jealousys that are now 
in the Parliament House. The Lord Chancellor, it 
seems, taking occasion from this late plot to raise 
fears in the people, did project the raising of an army 
forthwith, besides the constant militia, thinking to 
make the Duke of York General thereof. But the 
House did, in very open termes, say, they were grown 
too wise to be fooled again into another army ; and 
said they had found how that man that hath the com- 

Jt Henry Montagu, first Earl of Manchester, had numerous issue by his 
first lady; but George, here mentioned, was the eldest son of Margaret 
Crouch, the Earl's third wife. See also 7th March, 1660, ante. 



1 84 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

mand of an army is not beholden to any body to 
make him King. There are factions (private ones at 
Court) about Madam Palmer; but what it is about 
I know not. But it is something about the King's 
favour to her now that the Queene is coming. He 
told me, too, what sport the King and Court do make 
at Mr. Edward Montagu's leaving his things behind 
him. But the Chancellor (taking it a little more 
seriously) did openly say to my Lord Chamberlaine, 
that had it been such a gallant as my Lord Mande- 
ville ^ his son, it might have been taken as a frolique ; 
but for him that would be thought a grave coxcombe, 
it was very strange. Thence to the Hall, where I 
heard the House had ordered all the King's murder- 
ers, that remain, to be executed, but Fleetwood ^ and 
Downes. 

23rd. All the morning with Mr. Berkenshaw, and 
in the afternoon by coach by invitacon to my uncle 
Fenner's, where I found his new wife, a pitiful, old, 
ugly, ill-bred woman in a hatt, a midwife. Here were 
many of his, and as many of her relations, sorry, 
mean people ; and after- choosing our gloves, we all 
went over to the Three Crane Taveme,^ and though 



^ Lord Mandeville was a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Charles II. 
He became Earl of Manchester on his father's death, and died at Paris in 
1682. 

2 Charles, son of Sir Wm. Fleetwood, Knt., General and Commander in 
Chief to the Protector Richard, whose sister, Bridget, widow of Ireton, he 
had married. After the King's return he lived in contemptible obscurity, and 
died circa 1689. 

3 In Upper Thames Street. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 85 

the best room in the house, in such a narrow dogg- 
hole we were crammed, and I beheve we were near 
forty, that it made me loathe my company and vict- 
uals; and a sorry poor dinner it was too. After 
dinner, I took aside the two Joyces, and took occasion 
to thank them for their kind thoughts for a wife for 
Tom : but that considering the possibility there is 
of my having no child, and what then I shall be able 
to leave him, I do think he may expect in that 
respect a wife with more money, and so desired them 
to think no more of it. 

24th. This morning came my cozen Thos. Pepys 
the Executor, to speak with me, and I had much talke 
with him both about matters of money which my 
Lord Sandwich has of his and I am bond for, as also 
of my uncle Thomas, who I hear by him do stand 
upon very high terms. Thence to the Wardrobe, 
where very merry with my Lady, and after dinner I 
sent for the pictures ^ thither, and mine is well liked ; 
but she is much offended with my wife's, and I am of 
her opinion, that it do much wrong her; but I will 
have it altered. So home, in my way calling at Pope's 
Head alley, and there bought me a pair of scissars 
and a brasse square. So home and to my study and 
to bed. 

25 th. At home and the office all the morning. 
Walking in the garden ^ to give the gardener direc- 

1 Painted by SaviU, 

2 " I remember your honour very well, when you newly came out of 
France, and wore pantaloon breeches; at which time your late honoured 



1 86 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

tions what to do this year (for I intend to have the 
garden handsome), Sir W. Pen came to me, and did 
break a business to me about removing his son from 
Oxford to Cambridge to some private college. I 
proposed Magdalen, but cannot name a tutor at pres- 
ent ; but I shall think and write about it. Thence 
with him to the Trinity-house to dinner ; where Sir 
Richard Brown,' one of the clerkes of the Council, 
and who is much concerned against Sir N. Crisp's 
project of making a great sasse 3 in the King's lands 
about Deptford, to be a wett-dock to hold 200 sail of 
ships. But the ground, it seems, was long since given 
by the King to Sir Richard. After the Trinity-house 
men had done their business, the master. Sir William 
Rider, came to bid us welcome ; and so to dinner, 
where good cheere and discourse, but I eat a little 
too much beef. Thence to supper with my wife to 



father [Sir W. Penn] dwelt in the Navy Office, in that apartment the Lord 
Viscount Brouncker dwelt in afterwards, which was on the north part of the 
Navy Office garden." — P. Gibson of Penn ye Quaker, Life of Penn, ii. 
616. 

^ He had been gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Charles I., and Resi- 
dent in France for that monarch. He was created a Baronet ist September, 
1649, and died loth February, 1683. Much is said of him in the " Diary" of 
John Evelyn, who married his only child and heir; and thus became pos- 
sessor of Sayes Court. Part of Deptford Dockyard is still held under the 
Evelyn family. The plans, on a large scale, of Sayes Court, and Deptford 
Dockyard, executed by Joel Gascoyne, in 1692, probably for Evelyn himself, 
are in the British Museum, together with plans of the dockyard as it existed 
in 1688, 1698, and 1774, respectively; and also other plans of the docks made 
for the Evelyns. 

2 " Sasse, a sluice, or lock, used in water-works." — Bailey's Dictionary. 
This project is mentioned by Evelyn, and Lysons's " Environs," vol. iv. 
p. 392. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 8/ 

Sir W. Pen's. WTiile we were at supper comes Mr. 
Moore with letters from my Lord Sandwich, speaking 
of his lying still at Tangier, looking for the fleet; 
which, we hope, is now in a good way thither. 

26th (Lord's day). To church in the morning, and 
then home to dinner alone with my wife, and so both 
to church in the afternoon. It having been a very 
fine clear frosty day — God send us more of them ! — 
for the warm weather all this winter makes us fear 
a sickly summer. But thanks be to God, since my 
leaving drinking of wine, I do find myself much 
better and do mind my business better, and do spend 
less money, and less time lost in idle company, 

27th. This morning, both Sir Williams and I by 
barge to Deptford-yard to give orders in businesses 
there ; and called on several ships, also to give orders, 
and so to Woolwich, and there dined at Mr. Falconer's 
of victuals we carried ourselves, and one Mr. Dekins, 
the father of my Morena,^ of whom we have lately 
bought some hempe. That being done we went 
home again. This morning, going to take water 
upon Tower-hill, we met with three sleddes standing 
there to carry my Lord Monson^ and Sir H. Mild- 



* This settles the disputed point who Morena was and who her father was 
In the Portuguese language " morena " signifies " brunette." See Diary, 6th 
October, 1661 : " There was also my pretty black girle, Mrs. Dekins," &c. 
(M. B.) 

2 William, second son of Sir Thomas Monson, Bart. ; created by Charles 
I. Viscount Castlemaine of the kingdom of Ireland ; notwithstanding which, 
he was instrumental in his Majesty's death ; and in 1661, being degraded of 
his honours, was sentenced, with Sir Henry Mildmay, and Mr. Robert 



1 88 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

may ^ and another,^ to the gallows and back again, 
with ropes about their necks ; which is to be repeated 
every year, this being the day of their sentencing the 
King. 

28th. This morning with my wife to the Paynter's, 
where we staid very late to have her picture mended, 
which at last is come to be very like her, and I think 
well done ; but the Paynter, though a very honest man, 
I found to be very silly as to matter of skill in shad- 
ows, for we were long in discourse, till I was almost 
angry to hear him talk so simply. 

29th. To Westminster, and at the Parliament doore 
spoke with Mr. Coventry about business, and so to the 
Wardrobe to dinner, and so home, where I found Mrs. 



Wallop, to be drawn on sledges, with ropes round their necks, to Tyburn, and 
back to the Tower, there to remain prisoners for life. None of their names 
were subscribed to the King's sentence. An account of this ceremony was 
printed at the time, entided " The Traytor's Pilgrimage from the Tower to 
Tyburn, being a true relation of the drawing of William Lord Mounson, 
Sir Henry Mildmay, and 'Squire Wallop . . . with the manner of the 
proceedings at Tyburn, in order to the degrading and divesting of them of 
their former tides of honour, and their declaratory speeches to both the right 
worshipful Sherifis of London and Middlesex." The late Lord Monson and 
the present Lord Sondes are descended from the eldest son of Sir Thomas 
Monson, Viscount Monson left one son by his second wife, Alston Monson, 
who died s. p. in 1674. — Collins's Peerage. 

1 Sir H. Mildmay had enjoyed the confidence of Charles I., who made 
him Master of the Jewels ; but he sat a few days as one of the King's 
Judges. He died at Antwerp. His estate of Wansted was confiscated, and 
was given to Sir Robert Brookes ; and by him, or his heirs, or creditors, 
alienated in 1667 to Sir Josiah Childe, ancestor of the Earl Tylney. See May 
14, 1665. It is now Lord Mornington's, in right of his first wife. Sir Henry 
Mildmay's other estates were saved by being settled on his marriage. 

2 Robert Wallop, the direct ancestor of the present Earl of Portsmouth. 
He died in the Tower, November 16, 1667. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 89 

Pen and Mrs. Rooth and Smith, who played at cards 
with my wife, and I did give them a barrel of oysters, 
and had a pullet to supper for them, and when it was 
ready to come to table, the foolish girle had not the 
manners to stay and sup with me, but went away, 
which did vex me cruelly. So I saw her home, and 
then to supper, and so to musique practice, and to bed. 

30th. Fast-day for the murthering of the late King. 
I went to church, and Mr. Mills made a good sermon 
upon David's words, " Who can lay his hands upon 
the Lord's Anoynted and be guiltlesse?" So home 
and to dinner, and employed all the afternoon in my 
chamber, setting things and papers to rights, which 
pleased me very well, and I think I shall begin to take 
pleasure in being at home and minding my business. 
I pray God I may, for I finde a great need thereof. 
At night to supper and to bed. 

31st. All the morning, after musique practice, in 
my cellar, ordering some alteracons therein, being 
much pleased with my new doore into the back yard. 
So to dinner, and all the afternoon thinking upon 
business. 

February ist. This morning with Commissioner 
Pett to the office ; and he staid there writing, while 
I and Sir W. Pen walked in the garden talking about 
his business of putting his son to Cambridge ; and to 
that end I intend to write to-night to Dr. Fairebroth- 
er, to give me an account of Mr. Burton ^ of Magda- 

I Hezekiah Burton, S.T.B. 1661. 



IQO DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

len. Thence with Mr. Pett to the Paynter's ; and he 
Hkes our pictures very well, and so do I. Thence he 
and I to the Countesse of Sandwich, to lead him to 
her to kiss her hands : and dined with her, and told 
her the news (which Sir W. Pen told me to-day) 
that expresse is come from my Lord with letters, that 
by a great storm and tempest the mole of Argier^ 
is broken down, and many of their ships sunk into 
the mole. So that God Almighty hath now ended 
that unlucky business for us ; which is very good 
news. 

2nd (Lord's day). To church in the morning, and 
then home and dined with my wife, and so both of us 
to church again, where we had an Oxford man give 
us a most impertinent sermon upon " Cast your bread 
upon the waters," &c. 

3rd. After musique practice I went to the office, 
and there with the two Sir Williams all the morning 
about business, and at noon I dined with Sir W. Bat- 
ten with many friends more, it being his wedding-day, 
and among other froliques, it being their third year, 
they had three pyes, whereof the middlemost was 
made of an ovall form, in an ovall hole within the 
other two, which made much mirth, and was called 
the middle piece ; and above all the rest, we had great 
striving to steal a spooneful out of it ; and I remem- 
ber Mrs. Mills, the minister's wife, did steal one for 
me and did give it me ; and to end all, Mrs. Shipp- 

» /. e. Algiers. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, IQI 

man did fill the pye full of white wine, it holding at 
least a pint and a half, and did drink it off for a health 
to Sir William and my Lady, it being the greatest draft 
that ever I did see a woman drink in my life. I went 
along with my lady and the rest of the gentlewomen 
to INIajor Holmes's, and there we had a fine supper, 
among others, excellent lobsters, which I never eat at 
this time of the year before. The Major hath good 
lodgings at the Trinity House. At last home, and, 
being in my chamber, we do hear great noise of mirth 
at Sir William Batten's, tearing the ribbands ' from my 
Lady and him. 

4th. To Westminster Hall, where it was full terme. 
Here all the morning, and at noon to my Lord Crew's, 
where one Mr. Templer^ (an ingenious man and a 
person of honour he seems to be) dined ; and, dis- 
coursing of the nature of serpents, he told us some 
that in the waste places of Lancashire do grow to a 
great bigness, and that do feed upon larkes, which 
they take thus : — They observe when the larke is 
soared to the highest, and do crawl till they come to 
be just underneath them ; and there they place them- 
selves with their mouths uppermost, and there, as is 
conceived, they do eject poyson up to the bird ; for 
the bird do suddenly come down again in its course 
of a circle, and falls directly into the mouth of the 
serpent ; which is very strange. He is a great traveller ; 

^ As if they were a newly-married couple. See 26th January, 1660-1, and 
8th February, 1662-3. (M. B.) 

2 Probably Benjamin Templer, rector of Ashby, in Northamptonshire. 



192 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

and speaking of the tarantula, he says that all the 
harvest long (about which times they are most busy) 
there are fidlers go up and down the fields every 
where, in expectation of being hired by those that are 
stung. This afternoon, going into the office, one met 
me and did serve a subpoena upon me for one Field, 
whom we did commit to prison ' the other day for 
some ill words he did give the office. The Uke he 
had for others, but we shall scoure him for it. 

5th. Early at the office. Sir G. Carteret, the two 
Sir Williams and myself all alone reading of the 
Duke's institutions for the settlement of our office, 
whereof we read as much as concerns our own duties, 
and left the other officers for another time. At noon 
Sir W. Pen dined with me, and after dinner he and I 
and my wife to the Theatre, and there saw " Rule a 
Wife and have a Wife " ^ very well done. And here 
also T did look long upon my Lady Castlemaine, who, 
notwithstanding her late sickness, continues a great 
beauty. 

6th. At my musique practice, and so into my cellar 
to my workmen, and I am very much pleased with 
my alteracon there. About noon comes my uncle 
Thomas to me to ask for his annuity, and I did tell 
him my mind freely. We had some high words, but 
I was willing to end all in peace, and so I made him 
dine with me, and I have hopes to work my end upon 
him. After dinner the barber trimmed me, and so 

1 Which afterwards caused Pepys much trouble. 

2 A Comedy, by J. Fletcher. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 93 

to the office, where I do begin to be exact in my 
duty there and exacting my privileges, and shall con- 
tinue to do so. 

7th. By water to Westminster with Commissioner 
Pett (landing my wife at Black Friars) where I hear 
the prisoners in the Tower that are to die are come to 
the Parliament-house this morning. To the Wardrobe 
to dinner with my Lady ; where a civitt cat, parrot, 
apes, and many other things are come from my Lord 
by Captain Hill, who dined with my Lady with us 
to-day. Thence to the Paynter's, and am well pleased 
with our pictures. By and by, hearing that Mr. Turner 
was much troubled at what I do in the office, and do 
give ill words to Sir W. Pen and others of me, I am 
much troubled in my mind, and so went to bed ; not 
that I fear him at all, but the natural aptnesse I have 
to be troubled at any thing that crosses me. 

8th. All the morning in the cellar with the colliers, 
removing the coles out of the old cole hole into the 
new one, which cost me Zs. the doing ; but now the 
cellar is done and made clean, it do please me ex- 
ceedingly. I pray God keep me from setting my 
mind too much upon it. So to the office, and thence 
to talk with Sir W. Pen, walking in the dark in the 
garden some turns, he telling me of the ill manage- 
ment of our office. 

9th (Lord's day). I took physique this day, and 
was all day in my chamber, talking with my wife about 
her laying out of ;£20, which I had long since prom- 
ised her to lay out in clothes against Easter for herself, 



194 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

and composing some ayres, God forgive me ! At 
night to prayers and to bed. 

loth. Musique practice a good while, then to 
Paul's Church-yard, and there I met with Dr. Fuller's 
" England's Worthys," the first time that I ever saw 
it; and so I sat down reading in it; being much 
troubled that (though he had some discourse with me 
about my family and armes) he says nothing at all, 
nor mentions us either in Cambridgeshire or Nor- 
folke. But I believe, indeed, our family were never 
considerable. 

nth. Dined at home; at the office in the after- 
noon. So home to musique, my mind being full of our 
alteracons in the garden. At night begun to compose 
songs, and begin with " Gaze not on Swans." ^ 

1 2 th. This morning, till four in the afternoon, I 
spent abroad, doing of many and considerable busi- 
nesses, so home with my mind ver)^ highly contented 
with my day's work, wishing I could do so every day. 
This night I had half a loo poore Jack sent me by 
Mr. Adis. 

13th. Mr. Blackbume do tell me plain of the cor- 
ruption of all our Treasurer's officers, and that they 
hardly pay any money under ten per cent. ; and that 
the other day, for a mere assignation of 200/. to some 
counties, they took 15/., which is very strange. Last 
night died the Queene of Bohemia.^ 

I The poetry of the song, " Gaze not on Swans," is by H. Noel, and sec 
to music by H. Lawes, in his " Ayres and Dialogues," 1653. 

- At Leicester House, on the north side of the present Leicester Square, 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 95 

14th (Valentine's day). I did this day purposely 
shun to be seen at Sir W. Batten's, because I would 
not have his daughter to be my Valentine, as she was 
the last year, there being no great friendship between 
us now, as formerly. This morning in comes W. 
Bowyer, who was my wife's Valentine, she having, at 
which I made good sport to myself, held her hands 
all the morning, that she might not see the paynters 
that were at work in gilding my chimney-piece and 
pictures in my dining-room. By and by she and I 
by coach with him to Westminster. I walked in the 
Hall, and there among others met with Serj*- Pierce, 
and I took him aside to drink a cup of ale, and he 
told the basest thing of Mr. Montagu's and his man 
Eschar's going away in debt, that I am troubled and 
ashamed, but glad to be informed of. He thinks he 
has left 1,000/. for my Lord to pay, and that he has 
not laid out 3,000/. out of the 5,000/. for my Lord's 
use, and is not able to make an account of any of the 
money. 

15 th. With the two Sir Williams to the Trinity- 
house ; ^ and there in their society had the business 
debated of Sir Nicholas Crisp's sasse at Deptford. 
After dinner I was sworn a Younger Brother ; Sir W. 
Rider being Deputy- Master for my Lord of Sandwich ; 
and after I was sworn, all the Elder Brothers shake me 



to which she had removed only five days previously from Drury House, in 
Drury Lane, the residence of Lord Cravec, to whom it has been asserted that 
she was married, 
' In Water Lane. 



196 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

by the hand : it is their custom, it seems. No news 
yet of our fleet gone to Tangier, which we now begin 
to think long, 

1 6th (Lord's day). To church this morning, and so 
home and to dinner. In the afternoon I walked to 
St. Bride's to church, to hear Dr. Jacomb preach upon 
the recovery, and at the request of Mrs. Turner, who 
came abroad this day, the first time since her long 
sickness. He preached upon David's words, " I shall 
not die, but live, and declare the works of the Lord," 
and made a pretty good sermon, though not extraordi- 
nary. After sermon I led her home, and sat with her, 
and there was the Dr. got before ; but strange what a 
command he hath got over Mrs. Turner, who was so 
carefuU to get him what he would, after his preaching, 
to drink, and he, with a cunning gravity, knows how 
to command, and had it, and among other things told 
us that he heard more of the Common Prayer this 
afternoon (while he stood in the vestry, before he 
went up into the pulpitt) than he had heard this 
twenty years. Thence to my uncle Wight and supped, 
and so home, not being very well. So to prayer sand 
to bed, and there had a good draft of mulled ale 
brought me. 

17th. This morning, both Sir Williams, myself, and 
Captain Cocke and Captain Tinker of the Convertine,' 
which we are going to look upon (being intended to 
go with these ships fitting for the East Indys), down 

I A fourth-rate, of 48 guns; in 1665 it was commanded by Captain John 
Pearce. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 97 

to Deptford ; and thence, after being on shipboard, to 
Woohvich, and there eat something. The Sir Wil- 
liams being unwilHng to eat flesh, Captain Cocke and 
I had a breast of veale roasted.' And here I drank 
wine upon necessity, being ill for want of it, and I 
find reason to fear that by my too sudden leaving off 
wine, I do contract many evils upon myself. Going 
and coming we played at gleeke,^ and I won gs. 6d. 
clear, the most that ever I won in my life. I pray 
God it may not tempt me to play again. 

1 8th. Having agreed with Sir Wm. Pen and my 
wife to meet them at the Opera, and finding by my 
walking in the streets, which were every where full of 
brick-battes and tyles flung down by the extraordinary 
winde the last night 3 (such as hath not been in mem- 
or)^ before, unless at the death of the late Protector), 
that it was dangerous to go out of doors ; and hearing 



^ Eat flesh in Lent, of which the observance, intermitted for nineteen years, 
was now reviving. We have seen that Pepys, as yet, had not cast off all show 
of Puritanism. " In this month the Fishmongers' Company petitioned the 
King that Lent might be kept, because they had provided abundance of fish 
for this season, and their prayer was granted." — Rugge. 

2 See 13th January, 1661-2. (M. B.) 

3 " A dreadful storm of wind happened one night in February, anno 
1661-2, which, though general, at least all over England, yet was remarkable 
at Oxford in these two respects: — i. That though it forced the stones inwards 
into the cavity of Allhallows' spire, yet it overthrew it not. And 2. That in 
the morning, when there was some abatement of its fury, it was yet so violent, 
that it laved water out of the river Cherwell, and cast it quite over the bridge 
at Magdalen College, above the surface of the water, near twenty foot high: 
which passage, with advantage of holding by the College wall, I had then 
curiosity to go to see myself, which otherwise perhaps I should have as hardly 
credited, as some other persons now may do." — Plot's Natural History 
of Oxfordshire, p. 5. 



198 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

how several persons had been killed to-day by the 
fall of things in the streets, and that the pageant in 
Fleet-streete is most of it blown down, and hath 
broke down part of several houses, among others Dick 
Brigden's ; and that one Lady Sanderson,' a person of 
quality in Covent Garden, was killed by the fall of the 
house, in her bed, last night ; I sent my boy home to 
foibid them to go forth. But he bringing me word 
that they are gone, I went thither and there saw 
"The Law against Lovers,'* ^ a good play and well 
performed, especially the Httle girl's (whom I never 
saw act before) dancing and singing; and were it 
not for her, the losse of Roxalana^ would spoil the 
house. 

19th. Musique practice : thence to the Trinity 
House to conclude upon our report of Sir N. Crisp's 
project who came to us to answer objections, but we 
did give him no eare, but are resolved to stand to our 
report ; though I could wish we had shewn him more 



^ This was not the mother of the maids. 

2 A tragi-comedy by Sir William Davenant; taken from " Measure for 
Measure," and " Much Ado about Nothing." 

3 This actress, so called from the character she played in the " Siege of 
Rhodes," was Elizabeth Davenport. Evelyn saw her on the gth Jan. 1661-2, 
she being soon after taken to be " My Lord Oxford's Miss; " but she relumed 
to the stage within a year. See May 20th, post. She was induced to marry 
the Earl of Oxford, after indignantly refusing to become his mistress, and 
discovered, when too late, that the nuptial ceremony had been performed by 
the Earl's trumpeter, in the habit of a priest. For more of her history', see 
" Memoires de Grammont." Ashmole records the birth of the Earl of Oxford's 
son, by Roxalana, 17th April, 1664, which shows that the liaiso7i continued 
after her return to the stage. {Cat. p. 205.) The child was called Aubrey 
Vere. — Ward's Diary, p. 131. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 1 99 

justice and had heard him. Thence to the Wardrobe 
and dined with my Lady. 

20th. Letters from Tangier from my Lord, telUng 
me how, upon a great defete given to the Portuguese 
there by the Moors, he had put in 300 men into the 
to\vne, and so he is in possession,^ of which we are 
very glad, because now the Spaniard's designs of hin- 
dering our getting the place are frustrated. I went 
wdth the letter inclosed to my Lord Chancellor to the 
House of Lords, and did give it him in the House. 
Went by promise to Mr. Savill's, and there sat the 
first time for my picture in little, which pleaseth me 
well. 

2 1 St. All the morning putting things in my house 

^ "Sunday, Jan. 12. This morning, the Portuguese, 140 horse in Tan- 
gier, made a salley into the country for booty, whereof they had possessed 
about 400 cattle, 30 camels, and some horses, and 35 women and girls, and 
being six miles distant from Tangier, were intercepted by 100 Moors with har- 
quebusses, who in the first charge killed the Aidill with a shot in the head, 
whereupon the rest of the Portuguese ran, and in the pursuit 51 were slain, 
whereof were 11 of the knights, besides the Aidill. The horses of the 51 
were also taken by the Moors, and all the booty relieved. 

" Tuesday, Jan. 14. This morning, Mr. Mules came to me from the 
Governor, for the assistance of some of our men into the castle. 

" Thursday, Jan. 16. About 80 men out of my own ship, and the Prin- 
cess, went into Tangier, into the lower castle, about four of the clock in the 
afternoon. 

" Friday, Jan. 17. In the morning, by eight o'clock, the Martyn came in 
from Cales {Cadiz) with provisions, and about ten a clock I sent Sir Richard 
Stayner, with 120 men, besides officers, to the assistance of the Governor, 
into Tangier." — Lord Sandwich's Journal, in Kennett's " Register." 

On the 23rd Lord Sandwich put one hundred more men into Tangier; 
on the 29th and 30th, Lord Peterborough and his garrison arrived from Eng- 
land, and received possession from the Portuguese; and, on the 31st, Sir 
Richard Stayner and the seamen re-embarked on board Lord Sandwich's 
fleet. 



200 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

in order, and packing up glass to send into the country 
to my father, and books to my brother John, and then 
to my Lord Crew's to dinner. 

22nd. At the office busy all the morning, and 
thence to dinner to my Lady Sand\\dch's, and thence 
with Mr. Moore to our Attorney, Wellpoole's, and 
there found that Godfry has basely taken out a judg- 
ment against us for the 40/., for which I am vexed. 
So home, and hither came Mr. Savill with the pictures, 
and we hung them up in our dining-room. It comes 
now to appear very handsome with all my pictures. 
This evening I wrote letters to my father; among 
other things acquainting him with the unhappy acci- 
dent which hath happened lately to my Lord of 
Dorset's two oldest sons, who, with two Belasses and 
one Squire Wentvvorth, were lately apprehended for 
killing and robbing of a tanner about Newington on 
Wednesday last, and are all now in Newgate. I am 
much troubled for it, and for the grief and disgrace 
it brings to their familys and friends.^ 

23rd (Lord's day). My cold being increased, I 

* The following account of this transaction is abridged from the " Mer- 
curius Publicus" of the day: " Charles Lord Biickhurst, Edward Sackville, 
Esq., his brother; Sir Henry Belasyse, K.B., eldest son of Lord Belasyse; 
John Belasyse, brother to Lord Faulconberg ; and Thomas Wentworth, Esq., 
only son of Sir G. Wentworth, whilst in pursuit of thieves near Waltham 
Cross, mortally wounded an innocent tanner named Hoppy, whom they had 
endeavoured to secure, suspecting him to have been one of the robbers; and 
as they took away the money found on his person, under the idea that it was 
stolen property, they were soon after apprehended on the charges of robbery 
and murder; but the Grand Jury found a bill for manslaughter only." By a 
subsequent allusion in the Diary to their trial, it seems probable that a ver- 
dict of acquittal was pronounced. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 201 

staid at home all day, pleasing myself with my dining- 
room, now graced with pictures, and reading of Dr. 
Fuller's " Worthys." So I spent the day, and at night 
comes Sir W. Pen and supped and talked with me. 
This day by God's mercy I am 29 years of age, and 
in very good health, and like to live and get an estate ; 
and if I have a heart to be contented, I think I may 
reckon myself as happy a man as any is in the world, 
for which God be praised. So to prayers and to bed. 

24th. Long with Mr. Berkenshaw in the morning 
at my musique practice, finishing my song of " Gaze 
not on Swans," in two parts, which pleases me well, 
and I did give him 5/. for this month or five weeks 
that he hath taught me, which is a great deal of 
money and troubled me to part with it. Thence to 
the Paynter's, and set again for my picture in little, 
and thence over the water to Southwarke to Mr. 
Berkenshaw's house, and there sat with him all the 
afternoon, he showing me his great card of the body 
of musique, which he cries up for a rare thing, and 
I do beheve it cost much pains, but is not so useful 
as he would have it. Then we sat down and set 
"Nulla, nulla sit formido," and he has set it very 
finely. So home and to supper, and then called Will 
up, and chid him before my wife for refusing to go to 
church with the mayds yesterday, and telling his mis- 
tress that he would not be made a slave of, which 
vexes me. So to bed. 

25th. Great talk of the effects of this late great 
wind; and I heard one say that he had five great 



202 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

trees standing together blown down ; and, beginning 
to lop them, one of them, as soon as the lops were 
cut off, did, by the weight of the root, rise again and 
fasten. We have letters from the forest of Deane, 
that above looo oakes and as many beeches are blown 
down in one walke there. And letters from my father 
tell me of 20/. hurt done to us at Brampton. This 
day in the news-booke I find that my Lord Buck- 
hurst ^ and his fellows have printed their case as they 
did give it in upon examination to a Justice of Peace, 
wherein they make themselves a very good tale that 
they were in pursuit of thieves, and that they took 
this man for one of them, and so killed him ; and that 
he himself confessed it was the first time of his rob- 
bing ; and that he did pay dearly for it, for he was a 
dead man. But I doubt things will be proved other- 
wise, as they say. 

26th. Mr. Berkenshaw with me all the morning 
composing of musique to " This cursed jealousy what 
is it ? " After dinner I went to my Bookseller's and 
other places to pay my debts, I being resolved to cast 
up my accounts within a day or two for I fear I have 
run out too far. 

27th. This morning came Mr. Berkenshaw to me 
and in our discourse I, finding that he cries up his 
rules for most perfect (though I do grant them to be 
very good, and the best I believe that ever yet were 

I Charles Lord Buckhurst, eldest son of Richard, fifth Earl of Dorset; 
created Earl of Middlesex soon after his uncle's death, in 1675, and succeeded 
his father in 1677. Ob. 1705-6. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 203 

made), and that I could not persuade him to grant 
wherein they were somewhat lame, we fell to angry- 
words, so that in a pet he flung out of my chamber 
and I never stopped him, having intended to put him 
off to-day, whether this had happened or no, because 
I think I have all the rules that he hath to give. 

28th. The boy failing to call us up as I commanded, 
I was angr}^, and resolved to whip him for that and 
many other faults, to-day. Early with Sir W. Pen by 
coach to Whitehall, to the Duke of York's chamber, 
and there I presented him from my Lord a fine map 
of Tangier, done by one Captain Beckman,r a Swede, 
that is with my Lord. We staid looking it over a 
great while with the Duke after he was ready. Home, 
and to be as good as my word, I bade Will get me a 
rod, and he and I called the boy up to one of the 
upper rooms of the Comptroller's house towards the 
garden, and there I reckoned all his faults, and 
whipped him soundly, but the rods were so small that 
I fear they did not much hurt to him, but only to my 
arm, which I am already, within a quarter of an houre, 
not able to stir almost. 

March ist. This morning I paid Sir W. Batten 40/., 
which I have owed him this half year. Then to the 
office all the morning, so dined at home, and after 
dinner my wife and I by coach, first to see my little 



* Afterwards Sir Martin Beckman, many of whose plans are in the British 
Museum. He became chief engineer, and was knighted 20th March, 1685, 
The Map of Tangier here mentioned is in the Collection of George III. at the 
British Museum. 



204 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

picture that is a drawing, and thence to the Opera, 
and there saw "Romeo and JuHet," ' the first time it 
was ever acted; but it is a play of itself the worst 
that ever I heard in my life, and the worst acted that 
ever I saw these people do, and I am resolved to go 
no more to see the first time of acting, for they were 
all of them out more or less. I do find that I am 
500/. beforehand in the world, which I was afraid I 
was not, but I find that I had spent above 250/. this 
last half year, which troubles me much, but by God's 
blessing I am resolved to take up, having furnished 
myself with all things for a great while, and to-morrow 
to think upon some rules and obligations upon myself 
to walk by. 

2nd (Lord's day). With my mind much eased 
talking long in bed with my wife about our frugall life 
for the time to come, proposing to her what I could 
and would do if I were worth 2,000/., that is, be a 
knight, and keep my coach,^ which pleased her, and 
so I do hope we shall hereafter live to save something, 
for I am resolved to keep myself by rules from ex- 
penses. To church in the morning : none in the pew 
but myself. So home to dinner, and after dinner 
came Sir William and talked with me till church time, 
and then to church. 

3rd. I do find a great deal more of content in 



^ Betterton played Romeo, and his wife Juliet. 

2 This reminds me of a story of my father's, when he was of Merton 
College, and heard Bowen the porter wish that he had ;^ioo a year, to enable 
him to keep a couple of hunters and a pack of foxhounds. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL FEPYS. 20$ 

these few days, that I do spend well about my busi- 
ness, than in all the pleasure of a whole week, besides 
the trouble which I remember I always have after that 
for the expense of my money. I am told that this 
day the Parliament hath voted 2s. per annum for 
every chimney in England, as a constant revenue for 
ever to the Crowne. 

4th. At the office all the morning, dined at home 
at noon, and then to the office again in the afternoon. 
By and by Sir W. Pen and I and my wife in his coach 
to Moore Fields, where we walked a great while, 
though it was no fair weather and cold ; and after our 
walk we went to the Pope's Head,» and eat cakes and 
other fine things. 

5th. To the pewterer's, to buy a poore's-box to put 
my forfeits in, upon breach of my late vows. So to 
the Wardrobe and dined, and thence home and to my 
office, and there sat looking over my papers of my 
voyage, when we fetched over the King, and tore so 
many of these that were worth nothing, as filled my 
closet as high as my knees. 

6th. Up early, my mind full of business, then to 
the office, where the t^vo Sir Williams and I spent the 
morning passing the victualler's accounts, the first I 
have had to do withal; after dinner to the office 
back again till night, we having been these four or 
five days very full of business, and I thank God I am 
well pleased with it, and hope I shall continue of that 

^ In Cornhill, where Pope's Head Alley still exists. See June 20, 1662. 



206 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

temper, which God grant. This night my new came- 
lott riding coate to my coloured cloth suit came home. 
More news to-day of our losses at Brampton by the 
late storm. 

7th. Early to White Hall to the chappell, where by 
Mr. Blagrave's ^ means I got into his pew, and heard 
Dr. Creeton,2 the great Scotchman, and chaplain in 
ordinary to the King, preach before the King, and 
Duke and Duchesse, upon the words of Micah : — 
" Roule yourselves in dust." He made a most learned 
sermon upon the words ; but, in his application, the 
most comical man that ever I heard in my life. Just 
such a man as Hugh Peters ; saying that it had been 
better for the poor Cavalier never to have come with 
the King into England again ; for he that hath the 
impudence to deny obedience to the lawful magis- 
trate, and to swear to the oath of allegiance, &c., was 
better treated now-a-days in Newgate, than a poor 
Royalist, that hath suffered all his life for the King, is 
at White Hall among his friends. 

8th. By coach with both Sir Williams to West- 
minster; this being a great day there in the House 
to pass the business for chimney-money, which was 



* See Dec. 9, 1660, ante; and Sept. 11, 1664, post. 

2 Dr. Robert Creighton, originally of Trinity College, Oxford; but who 
afterwards, from 1627 to 1639, was Greek Professor and Public Orator at 
Cambridge. When Pepys heard him, Creighton was Dean of Wells. In 1670 
he was consecrated Bishop of Bath and Wells. He died in 1672. His son, 
of the same name, was Greek Professor of Cambridge from 1662 to 1666, and 
died in 1678. Sir J. Hawkins says that Dr. Creighton (the son) died at 
Wells in 1736, set. 97. The father and son have been sometimes confounded. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 20/ 

done. In the Hall I met with Serjeant Pierce ; and 
he and I to drink a cup of ale at the Swan, and there 
he told me how my Lady Monk^ hath disposed of 
all the places which Mr. Edwd. Montagu hoped to 
have had, as he was Master of the Horse to the 
Queene ; which I am afraid will undo him, because 
he depended much upon the profit of what he should 
make by these places. He told me, also, many more 
scurvy stories of him and his brother Ralph,^ which 
troubles me to hear of persons of honour as they are. 
Sir W. Pen and I to the office, whither afterward came 
Sir G. Carteret ; and we sent for Sir Thos. Allen, one 
of the Aldermen of the City,3 about the business of 
one Colonel Appesly, whom we had taken counterfeit- 
ing of bills with all our hands and the officers of 
the yards, so well counterfeited that I should never 
have mistrusted them. We staid about this business 
at the office till ten at night, and at last did send him 
with a constable to the Counter; and did give war- 
rants for the seizing of a complice of his, one Blinkin- 
sopp. 

9th (Lord's day). Church in the morning: dined 
at home, then to Church again and heard Mr. Naylor, 
whom I knew formerly of Keye's College, make a 
most eloquent sermon. Thence to Sir W. Batten's to 
see how he did, then to walk an houre with Sir W. 



* She is called in the State Poems " the Monkey Duchess." The Duke 
was Master of the Horse to the King. 

2 Afterwards Duke of Montagu. 

3 Probably Sheriff of London, 1654. See April 12, 1661, ante. 



208 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

Pen in the garden : then he in to supper with me at 
my house, and so to prayers and to bed. 

loth. At the office doing business all the morning, 
in the afternoon met Sir W. Pen at the Treasury 
Office, and there paid off the Guift, where late at 
night. Home and to bed, to-morrow being washing 
day. 

nth. At the office all the morning, and all the 
afternoon rumaging of papers in my chamber, and 
tearing some and sorting others till late at night. 

1 2th. This morning we had news from Mr. Cov- 
entry, that Sir G. Downing ^ (like a perfidious rogue, 
though the action is good and of service to the King,^ 
yet he cannot with a good conscience do it) hath 
taken Okey,^ Corbet, and Barkestead at Delfe, in 
Holland, and sent them home in the Blackmore. Sir 
W. Pen, talking to me this afternoon of what a strange 
thing it is for Downing to do this, he told me of a 
speech he made to the Lords States of Holland, 
telling them to their faces that he observed that he 
was not received with the respect and observance 
now, that he was when he came from the traitor 
and rebell Cromwell : ^ by whom, I am sure, he hath 

1 According to Hume, Downing had once been Chaplain to Okey's 
regiment. 

2 [" And hail the treason though we hate the traitor."] On the 21st, 
Charles returned his formal thanks to the States for their assistance in the 
matter. 

^ John Okey, Miles Corbet, and John Barkstead, three of the regicides; 
executed April 19th following. 

4 The President Henault mentions a similar speech made by Lockhart, in 
France. " Un Ecossois, nomme Lockart, ambassadeur d'Angleterre en 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 209 

got all he hath m the world, — and they know it 
too.' 

13th. All day, either at the office or at home, busy 
about business till late at night. Having lately fol- 
lowed my business much, I find great pleasure in it, 
and a growing content. 

14th. At the office all the morning. Home to 
dinner. In the afternoon came the German Dr. 
Kuffler, to discourse with us about his engine to blow 
up ships. We doubted not the matter of fact, it being 
tried in Cromwell's time, but the safety of carrying 
them in ships ; but he do tell us, that when he comes 
to tell the King his secret (for none but the Kings, 
successively, and their heirs must know it), it will 
appear to be of no danger at all. We concluded 
nothing ; but shall discourse with the Duke of York 

France, sous Cromwell, dont il avail ^pons^ la niece, et qui le fut aussi depuis, 
sous Charles II., disoit qu'il n'^toit pas considere en France, en qualite 
d'ambassadeur du roi, comme il I'avoit ete du terns de Cromwel; cela devoit 
etre parcequ'il y avoit bien de la difference entre celui qui obligea la France a 
prendre Dunkerque pour la lui remettre, et celui qui revendit cette place a la 
France quand il fut remonte sur le trone." Henault's pithy remark expresses 
the truth. Nothing shows the degradation of Charles in a more striking light 
than this coincidence of opinion in two ambassadors. One might almost sup- 
pose, if the thing were possible, that Renault had seen Pepys's " Diary." 
The first edition of Henault does not contain this passage. 

I Charles, when residing at Brussels, went to the Hague at night to pay 
a secret visit to his sister, the Princess of Orange. After his arrival, " an old 
reverend-like man, with a long grey beard and ordinary grey clothes," 
entered the inn and begged for a private interview. He then fell on his knees, 
and pulling off his disguise, discovered himself to be Mr. Downing, then 
ambassador from Cromwell to the States-General. He informed Charles that 
the Dutch had guaranteed to the English Commonwealth to deliver him into 
their hands should he ever set foot in their territory. This warning probably 
saved Charles's liberty. (M. B.) 



2IO DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

to-morrow about it. I found that Sarah the mayde 
had been very ill all day, and my wife fears that she 
will have an ague, which I am much troubled for. 
Thence to my lute, upon which I have not played a 
week or two, and trying over the two songs of " Nulla, 
nulla," &c., and " Gaze not on Swans," which Mr. 
Birkenshaw set for me a little while ago, I find them 
most incomparable songs as he has set them, of which 
I am not a little proud, because I am sure none in the 
world has them but myself, not so much as he himself 
that set them. So to bed. 

15 th. With Sir G. Carteret and both the Sir Wil- 
liams at Whitehall to wait on the Duke in his chamber, 
which we did about getting money for the Navy and 
other things. So back again to the office all the 
morning. Thence to the Exchange to hire a ship for 
the Maderas, but could get none. Troubled at my 
mayde 's being ill. 

1 6th (Lord's day). This morning, till churches 
were done, I spent going from one church to another 
and hearing a bit here and a bit there. So to the 
Wardrobe to dinner with the young Ladies, and so 
walked to White Hall ; and an houre or two in the 
Parke, which is now very pleasant. Here the King 
and Duke came to see their fowle play. The Duke 
took very civil notice of me. So walked home, call- 
ing at Tom's, giving him my resolution about my 
boy's livery. Here I spent an houre walking in the 
garden with Sir W. Pen, and then my wife and I 
thither to supper, where his son William is at home 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 211 

not well. But all things, I fear, do not go well with 
them ; they look discontentedly, but I know not what 
ails them. 

1 7 th. Last night the Blackmore pinke brought the 
three prisoners, Barkestead, Okey, and Corbet, to 
the Tower, being taken at Delfe in Holland ; where, 
the Captain tells me, the Dutch were a good while 
before they could be persuaded to let them go, they 
being taken prisoners in their land. But Sir G. Down- 
ing would not be answered so : though all the world 
takes notice of him for a most ungrateful villaine for 
his pains. 

1 8th. All the morning at the office with Sir W. 
Pen. After dinner to the office again, where Sir G. 
Carteret and we staid awhile, and then Sir W. Pen 
and I on board some of the ships now fitting for East 
Indys and Portugall, to see in what forwardness they 
are. That which troubles me is that my Father has 
now got an ague that I fear may endanger his life. 

19th. All the morning and afternoon at my office. 
This noon came a letter from T. Pepys, the turner, in 
answer to one of mine the other day to him, wherein 
I did cheque him for not coming to me, as he had 
promised, with his and his father's resolucion about 
the difference between us. But he writes to me in 
the very same slighting terms that I did to him, with- 
out the least respect at all, but word for word as I did 
him, which argues a high and noble spirit in him, 
though it troubles me a little that he should make no 
more of my anger, yet I cannot blame him for doing 



212 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

SO, he being the elder brother's son, and not depend- 
ing upon me at all.^ 

20th. At my office all the morning, at noon to the 
Exchange, and so home to dinner, and then all the 
afternoon at the office till late at night, and so home 
and to bed, my mind in good ease when I mind busi- 
ness, which methinks should be a good argument to 
me never to do otherwise. 

2 1 St. I went to see Sarah and my Lord's lodgings, 
which are now all in dirt, to be repaired against my 
Lord's coming from sea with the Queene. Thence to 
Westminster Hall ; and there walked up and down 
and heard the great difference that hath been between 
my Lord Chancellor and my Lord of Bristol, about a 
proviso that my Lord Chancellor would have brought 
into the Bill for Conformity, that it shall be in the 
power of the King, when he sees fit, to dispense with 
the Act of Conformity ; and though it be carried in 
the House of Lords, yet it is believed it will hardly 
pass in the Commons.^ 

22nd. At the office all the morning. At noon Sir 
Williams both and I by water down to the Lewes, 
Captain Dekins, his ship, a merchantman, where we 
met the owners. Sir John Lewes 3 and Alderman 
Lewes, and several other great merchants ; among 
others one Jefferys, a merry man, and he and I called 



1 This elucidates in some degree the Pepys pedigree. 

2 It passed the House of Lords on the glh April. 

3 He had been knighted at the Hague, and afterwards was created a 
baronet. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 213 

brothers, and he made all the mirth in the company. 
We had a very fine dinner, and all our wives' healths, 
with seven or nine guns apiece ; and exceeding merry 
we were, and so home by barge again. 

23rd (Lord's day). This morning was brought me 
ray boye's fine livery, which is very handsome, and I 
do think to keep to black and gold lace upon gray, 
being the colour of my arms, for ever. To White 
Hall, and there met with Captn. Isham, this day come 
from Lisbone, with letters from the Queene to the 
King. And he did give me letters which speak that 
our fleet is all at Lisbone ; and that the Queene do 
not intend to embarque sooner than to-morrow come 
fortnight. 

24th. Early Sir G. Carteret, both Sir Williams and 
I on board the Experiment, to dispatch her away, she 
being to carry things to the Maderas with the East 
Indy fleet. Having put things in good order I home. 
By and by comes La Belle Pierce ^ to see my wife, 
and to bring her a pair of peruques of hair, as the 
fashion now is for ladies to wear; which are pretty, 
and are of my wife's own hair, or else I should not 
endure them. After a good whiles stay, I went to 
see if any play was acted, and I found none upon the 
post, it being Passion week. So home again, and 
took water with them towards Westminster ; but as we 
put ofl" with the boat Griffin came after me to tell me 
that Sir G. Carteret and the rest were at the office, so 

I Wife of Surgeon Pierce. 



214 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

I intended to see them through the bridge and come 
back again, but the tide being against us, when we 
were ahnost through we were carried back again with 
much danger, and Mrs. Pierce was much afeard and 
frightened. So I carried them to the other side and 
walked to the Beare, and sent them away, and so back 
again myself to the office, and then went to West- 
minster Hall, and there bought Mr. Grant's book of 
observations upon the weekly bills of mortality,^ which 
appear to me upon first sight to be very pretty. 

26th. Up early. This being, by God's great bless- 
ing, the fourth solemne day of my cutting for the 
stone this day four years, and am by God's mercy in 
very good health, and like to do well, the Lord's 
name be praised for it. At noon come my good 
guests, Madame Turner, The., and Cozen Norton, 
and a gentleman, one Mr. Lewin of the King's Life- 
Guard ; by the same token he told us of one of his 
fellows killed this morning in a duel. I had a pretty 
dinner for them, viz., a brace of stewed carps, six 
roasted chickens, and a jowle of salmon, hot, for the 
first course ; a tanzy ^ and two neats' tongues, and 
cheese the second ; and were very merry all the after- 

' Burnet remarks, " Own Time," vol. i., p. 401, edit. 1823, that " Sir Wil- 
liam Petty published his Observations on the Bills of Mortality, in the name 
of one Grant, a papist." This is confirmed by Evelyn, *' Diary," March 22, 
1675- 

2 Tansy {tanacetum), a. herb from which puddings were made. Hence 
any pudding of the kind. Selden ("Table Talk") says: "Our tansies at 
Easter have reference to the bitter herbs." See in Wordsworth's " University 
Lite in the Eighteenth Century" recipes for "an apple tansey," "a bean 
tansey," and " a gooseberry tansey." (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 21 5 

noon, talking and singing and piping upon the flageo- 
lette. We had a man-cook to dress dinner to-day, 
and sent for Jane to help us, and my wife and she 
agreed at 3/. a year (she would not serve under) till 
both could be better provided, and so she stays with 
us. 

27th. Early Sir G. Carteret, both Sir Williams and 
I by coach to Deptford, taking a codd and some 
prawnes in Fish Street with us. We settled to pay the 
Guernsey, a small ship, but come to a great deal of 
money, it having been unpaid ever since before the 
King came in, by which means not only the King pays 
wages while the ship has lain still, but the poor men 
have most of them been forced to borrow all the 
money due for their wages before they receive it, and 
that at a dear rate, God knows, so that many of them 
had very httle to receive at the table, which grieved 
me to see it. To dinner, very merry. 

28th (Good Friday). At home all the morning. 
At my office all the afternoon. 

29th. To my Lady, and staid two hours talking 
with her about her family business with great content 
and confidence in me. Home, where my people are 
getting the house clean against to-morrow. 

30th (Easter day). Having my old black suit new 
furbished, I was pretty neat in clothes to-day, and my 
boy, his old suit new trimmed, very handsome. To 
church in the morning, and so home, leaving the two 
Sir Williams to take the Sacrament, which I blame 
myself that I have hitherto neglected all my life, but 



2l6 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

once or twice at Cambridge. » Dined with my wife, a 
good shoulder of veal well dressed by Jane, which 
pleased us much. My wife and I to church in the 
afternoon, and seated ourselves, she below me, and by 
that means the precedence of the pew, which my Lady 
Batten and her daughter takes, is confounded; and 
after sermon she and I did stay behind them in the 
pew, and went out by ourselves a good while after 
them, which we judge a very fine project hereafter to 
avoyd contention. So my wife and I to walk an houre 
or two on the leads, which begins to be very pleasant, 
the garden being in good condition. So to supper, 
which is also well served in. We had a lobster to 
supper, with a crabb Pegg Pen sent my wife this after- 
noon, the reason of which we cannot think ; but some- 
thing there is of plot or design in it, for we have a 
little while carried ourselves pretty strange to them. 

31st. This morning Mr. Coventry and all our com- 
pany met at the office about some business of the 
victualling. I to my Lord Crew's to dinner, where 
used with much respect, and talking with him about 
my Lord's debts, and whether we should make use of 
an offer of Sir G. Carteret's to lend my Lady 4 or 
500/., he told me by no means, we must not oblige 
my Lord to him, and by the by he made a question 
whether it was not my Lord's interest a Httle to appear 
to the King in debt, and for people to clamor against 
him as well as others for their money, that by that 

^ This is not in exact accordance with the certificate of Dr. Milles, in the 
Memoirs of Pepys, at the beginning of Vol. I. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 21/ 

means the King and the world may see that he do lay 
out for the King's honour upon his own main stock. 
Thence to Sir Thomas Crew's lodgings. He hath been 
ill, and continues so, under fits of apoplexy. Among 
other things, he and I did discourse much of Mr. 
Montagu's base doings, and the dishonour that he will 
do my Lord, as well as cheating him of 2 or 3,000/., 
which is too true. Thence to the play, where coming 
late, and meeting with Sir W. Pen, who had got room 
for my wife and his daughter in the pit, he and I into 
one of the boxes, and there we sat and heard " The 
Little Thiefe," ' a pretty play and well done. 

April I St. At noon my wife and I to the Wardrobe 
and dined. Here was Mr. Harbord, son to Sir Charles 
Harbord, that lately came with letters from my Lord 
Sandwich to the King. He and I and the two young 
ladies and my wife to the playhouse, the opera, and 
saw "The Mayde in the Mill," a pretty good play; 
and that being done, in their coach I took them to 
Islington, and then, after a walk in the fields, I took 
them to the great cheese-cake house and entertained 
them, and so home ; and after an houre's stay with my 
Lady, their coach carried us home, and so weary to bed. 

2nd. Mr. Moore came to me, and he and I walked 
to the Spittle ^ an houre or two before my Lord Mayor 
and the blewe-coate boys come, which at last they 
did, and a fine sight of charity it is indeed. We got 

J By John Fletcher. 

2 Christ's Hospital, where the 'Spital Sermons are still preached aimually, 
on Easter Monday and Tuesday. 



2l8 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

places and staid to hear a sermon; but, it being a 
Presbyterian one, it was so long, that after above an 
houre of it we went away, and I home and dined ; and 
then my wife and I by water to the opera, and there saw 
'' The Bondman " most excellently acted ; and though 
we had seen it so often, yet I never liked it better 
than to-day, lanthe acting Clerora's part very well now 
Roxalana ' is gone. We are resolved to see no more 
plays till Whitsuntide, we having been three days to- 
gether. Met Mr. Sanchy, Smithes, Gale, and Edlin at 
the play, but having no great mind to spend money, 
I left them there. 

4th. By barge Sir George, Sir Williams both and I 
to Deptford, and there fell to pay off the Drake and 
Hampshire, then to dinner. Then to pay the rest of 
the Hampshire and the Paradox, and were at it till 
9 at night, and so by night home by barge safe. I was 
much troubled to-day to see a dead man lie floating 
upon the waters, and had done (they say) these four 
days, and nobody takes him up to bury him, which is 
very barbarous. 

5 th. At the office till almost noon, and then broke 
up. Then came Sir G. Cartaret, and he and I walked 
together alone in the garden, taking notice of some 
faults in the office, particularly of Sir W. Batten's, and 
he seemed to be much pleased with me, and I hope 
will be the ground of a future interest of mine in him, 
which I shall be glad of. 

I See 20th May, 1662, post. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 219 

6th (Lord's day). By water to White Hall, to Sir 
G. Carteret, to give him an account of the backward- 
nesse of the ships we have hired to Portugall : at 
which he is much troubled. Thence to the Chappell, 
and there, though crowded, heard a very honest ser- 
mon before the King by a Canon of Christ Church, 
upon these words, " Having a form of godlinesse, but 
denying," &c. Among other things, he did much in- 
sist upon the sin of adultery : which methought might 
touch the King, and the more because he forced it 
into his sermon, methinks, besides his text. So up 
and saw the King at dinner ; and thence with Sir G. 
Carteret to his lodgings to dinner, with him and his 
lady. All their discourse, which was very much, was 
upon their sufferings and services for the King. Yet 
not wdthout some trouble, to see that some that had 
been much bound to them, do now neglect them; 
and others again most civil that have received least 
from them : and I do believe that he hath been a good 
servant to the King. Thence to walk in the Parke, 
where the King and Duke did walk round the Park. 
After I was tired I went and took boat to Milford 
stairs, and so to Graye's Inn walks, the first time I 
have been there this year, and it is very pleasant and 
full of good company. When tired I walked to the 
Wardrobe, and there staid a little with my Lady, and 
so home and to bed. 

7th. By water to Whitehall and thence to Westmin- 
ster, and staid at the Parliament-doore long to speak 
with Mr. Coventry, which vexed me. Thence to the 



220 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

Lords' House, and stood within the House, while the 
Bishops and Lords did stay till the Chancellor's com- 
ing, and then we were put out, and they to prayers. 
There comes a Bishop ; and while he was rigging him- 
self, he bid his man listen at the door, whereabout in 
the prayers they were ; but the man told him some- 
thing, but could not tell whereabouts it was in the 
prayers, nor the Bishop neither, but laughed at the 
conceit ; so went in : but, God forgive me ! I did tell 
it by and by to people, and did say that the man said 
that they were about something of saving their souls, 
but could not tell whereabouts in the prayers that was. 
I sent in a note to my Lord Privy Seale,' and he came 
out to me ; and I desired he would make another 
deputy for me, because of my great business of the 
Navy this month ; but he told me he could not do it 
without the King's consent, which vexed me. Thence 
by water and to Tom's, and there with my wife took 
coach and to the old Exchange, where having bought 
six large Holland bands, I sent her home, and myself 
to Mr. Rawlinson's to dinner, but was troubled in my 
head after the little wine I drank, and so home to my 
office, and there did promise to drink no more wine 
* but one glass a meal till Whitsuntide next upon any 
score. The great talk is, that the Spaniards and the 
Hollanders do intend to set upon the Portuguese by 
sea, at Lisbone, as soon as our fleet is come away ; 
and by that means our fleet is not likely to come 

* Lord Say and Sele, who died seven days afterwards. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 221 

yet these two months or three ; which I hope is not 
true. 

8th. Up very early and to my office, and there 
continued till noon. So to dinner, and in comes uncle 
Fenner and the two Joyces. I sent for a barrel of 
oysters and a breast of veal roasted, and were very 
merry; but I cannot doA\Ti with their dull company 
and impertinent. After dinner to the office again. 

9th. Sir George Carteret, Sir Williams both and 
myself all the morning at the office passing the Vic- 
tualler's accounts, and at noon to dinner at the Dol- 
phin, where a good chine of beefe and other good 
cheer. At dinner Sir George ' showed me an account 
in French of the great famine, which is to the greatest 
extremit}' in some part of France at this day ; which 
is very strange .^ 

loth. Yesterday came Col. Talbot 3 vnth. letters 
from Portugall, that the Queene is resolved to em- 
barque for England this week. Thence to the office 
all the afternoon. My Lord Windsor ^ came to us to 
discourse of his affairs, and to take his leave of us ; he 



1 Carteret. 

2 On the 5th of June following Louis, notwithstanding the scarcity, gave 
that splendid carousal in the court before the Tuileries, from which the place 
has ever since taken its name. 

3 Richard Talbot, who figures conspicuously in Grammont's " Memoires." 
He married, first, Catherine Boynton, and secondly, Frances Jennings, eldest 
sister of Sarah Duchess of Marlborough. Talbot was created Earl of Tyrcon- 
nel by James II., and made Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, and elevated by him 
to the Dukedom of Tyrconnel after his abdication. 

4 Thomas Baron Windsor, Lord Lieutenant of Worcestershire advanced 
to the Earldom of Plymouth, 1682. Ob. 1687. 



222 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

being to go Governor of Jamaica with this fleet that is 
now going. 

nth. Up early to my lute and song, then about six 
o'clock with Sir W. Pen by water to Deptford ; and 
among the ships now going to Portugall with men and 
horse, to see them dispatched. So to Greenwich ; 
and had a fine pleasant walk to Woolwich, having 
in our company Captn. Minnes, whom I was much 
pleased to hear talk. Among other things, he and the 
other Captains that were with us tell me that negros 
drowned look white and lose their blackness, which I 
never heard before.' At Woolwich, up and down to 
do the same business ; and so back to Greenwich by 
water. Sir William and I walked into the Parke, where 
the King hath planted trees and made steps in the hill 
up to the Castle, which is very magnificent. So up 
and down the house, which is now repay ring in the 
Queen's lodgings. So to dinner at the Globe, and 
were merry, and so home, and I in the evening to the 
Exchange, and so home and walked with my wife on 
the leads late, and so the barber came to me, and so 
to bed very weary which I seldom am. 

1 2th. At the office all the morning, where, among 

^ In the Ethiopian, the black colour does not reside in the cutis, or true 
skin, but in a texture superficial to and between it and the cuticle. This tex- 
ture, the rete mucosum, in which the dark pigment is situate, may be readily 
dissected off, along with the cuticle, from the true skin, which is then exposed, 
and is of a -whitish colour. When the body of a negro has long been im- 
mersed in water, such a dissection is, as it were, performed by the putrefactive 
process; and the surface of the body being thus deprived of its two outer 
investments, does really look white. — Ex inform. Alexander Melville 
M'Whinnick, F.R.C.P, 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 223 

Other things, being provoked by some impertinence 
of Sir W. Batten's, I called him unreasonable man, at 
which he was very angr)^ and so was I, but I think we 
shall not much fall out about it. After dinner wrote 
letters at my office, and one to Mr. Coventry about 
business, and at the close did excuse my not wait- 
ing on him myself so often as others do for want of 
leisure. 

13th (Lord's day). In the morning to Paul's, 
where I heard a pretty good sermon, and thence to 
dinner with my Lady at the Wardrobe ; and after 
much talk with her after dinner, I went to the Temple 
to Church, and there heard another : by the same 
token a boy, being asleep, fell down a high seat to the 
ground, ready to break his neck, but got no hurt. 
Thence to Graye's Inn walkes ; and there met Mr. 
Pickering. His discourse most about the pride of the 
Duchesse of York ; and how all the ladies envy my 
Lady Castlemaine. He intends to go to Portsmouth 
to meet the Queene this week ; which is now the 
discourse and expectation of the towne. So home, 
and no sooner come but Sir W. Warren comes to me 
to bring me a paper of Field's (with whom we have 
lately had a great deale of trouble at the office), being 
a bitter petition to the King against our office for not 
doing justice upon his complaint to us of embezzle- 
ment of the King's stores by one Turpin. I took Sir 
William to Sir W. Pen's (who was newly come from 
Walthamstowe), and there we read it and discoursed, 
but we do not much fear it, the King referring it to 



224 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

the Duke of York. So we drank a glass or two of 
wine, and so home. 

14th. Being weary last night I lay very long in bed 
to-day, talking with my wife, and persuaded her to go 
to Brampton, and take Sarah with her, next week, to 
cure her ague by change of ayre, and we agreed all 
things therein. We rose, and at noon dined, and then 
we to the PajTiter's, and there sat the last time for my 
little picture, which I hope will please me. Then to 
Paternoster Rowe to buy things for my wife against 
her going. So home and walked upon the leads with 
my wife, and whether she suspected anything or no 
I know not, but she is quite oif of her going to Bramp- 
ton, which something troubles me, and yet all my 
design was that I might the freer go to Portsmouth 
when the rest go to pay off the yards there, which will 
be very shortly. But I will get off if I can. 

15 th. With my wife, by coach, to the New Ex- 
change,' to buy her some things ; where we saw some 
new-fashion pettycoats of sarcenett, with a black broad 
lace printed round the bottom and before, very hand- 
some, and my wife had a mind to one of them, but we 
did not then buy one. 



^ " To the north of Durham Place," says Pennant, " stood the New Ex- 
change, which was built under the auspices of our monarch in 1608, out of 
the rubbish of the old stables of Durham House. It was built somewhat on 
the model of the Royal Exchange, with cellars beneath, a walk above, and 
rows of shops over that, filled chiefly with milliners, sempstresses, and the 
like. This was a fashionable place of resort." 

" He has a lodging in the Strand ... to watch when ladies are gone to 
the china houses, or to the Exchange , that he may meet them by chance and 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 22 5 

17th. To Mr. Holliard's in the morning, thinking 
to be let blood, but he was gone out. So to White 
Hall, thinking to have had a Scale at Privy Seale, but 
my Lord did not come. Sir W. Batten in the evening 
sent for me to tell me that he had this day spoke to the 
Duke about raising our houses, and he hath given us 
leave to do it, at which, being glad, I went home merry. 

1 8th. This morning sending the boy down into the 
cellar for some beer I followed him with a cane, and 
did there beat him for his staying of arrands and other 
faults, and his sister came to me down and begged 
for him. So I forebore, and afterwards, in my wife's 
chamber, did there talk to Jane how much I did love 
the boy for her sake, and how much it do concern 
to correct the boy for his faults, or else he would be 
undone. So at last she was well pleased. This morn- 
ing Sir G. Carteret, Sir W. Batten and I met at the 
office, and did conclude of our going to Portsmouth 
next week, in which my mind is at a great loss what 
to do with my wife, for I cannot persuade her to go to 
Brampton, and I am loth to leave her at home. 

19th. This morning, before we sat, I went to Aid- 
gate ; and at the corner shop,^ a draj^er's, I stood, 
and did see Barkestead, Okey, and Corbet, drawne 
towards the gallows at Tibume ; and there they were 
hanged and quartered. They all looked very cheer- 
ful ; but I hear they all die defending what they did 

give them presents, some two or three hundred pounds worth of toys, to be 
laughed at." — Ben Jonsom, The Silent Woman, act i. sc. i. (M. B.) 
^ Now actually Moses and Son's. 



226 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

to the King to be just; which is very strange. In 
the evening did get a bever, an old one, but a very 
good one, of Sir W. Batten, for which I must give him 
something ; but I am very well pleased with it. 

20th (Lord's day). My intention being to go this 
morning to ^Vl■lite Hall to hear South,' my Lord Chan- 
cellor's chaplain, the famious preacher and oratour of 
Oxford, (who the last Lord's day did sink down in the 
pulpit before the King, and could not proceed,) it did 
rain, and the wind against me, that I could by no 
means get a boat or coach to carry me ; and so I 
staid at Paul's, where the Judges did all meet, and 
heard a sermon, it being the first Sunday of the 
terme ; but they had a very poor sermon. So to my 
Lady's and dined, and so to White Hall to Sir G. Car- 
teret, and so to the Chappell, where I challenged my 
pew as Gierke of the Privy Scale and had it, and then 
walked home with Mr. Blagrave to his old house in 
the Fishyard, and there he had a pretty kinswoman 
that sings, and we did sing some holy things, and 
afterwards others came in and so I left them, and by 
water through the bridge (which did trouble me) 
home, and so to bed. 

I This was the learned Robert South, then public orator at Oxford, and 
afterwards D.D., and prebendary of Westminster, and canon of Christchurch. 
The story, as copied from a contemporary tract, called " Annus Mirabilis 
Secundus," is given with full details in Wood's " Athense," and Kennett's 
" Register." It is by no means devoid of interest; but, having been so often 
printed, need not be here repeated. We may observe, however, that South 
had experienced a similar qualm whilst preaching at Oxford a few months 
before ; but these seizures produced no bad consequences, as he lived to be 
eighty-three. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 22/ 

2 1 St. This morning I attempted to persuade my 
wife to go to Brampton this week, but she would not, 
and seeing that I could keep it no longer from her, 
I told her that I was resolved to go to Portsmouth 
to-morrow. At noon dined with my Lord Crew ; and 
after dinner went up to Sir Thos. Crew's chamber, 
who is still ill. He tells me how my Lady Duchesse 
of Richmond ' and Castlemaine had a falHng out the 
other day ; and she calls the latter Jane Shore, and 
did hope to see her come to the same end that 
she did. Coming downi again to my Lord, he told 
me that news was come that the Queene is land- 
ed ; at which I took leave, and by coach hurried to 
White Hall, the bells ringing in several places ; but 
I found there no such matter, nor anything like it. 
Home, and there I found my Lady Jemimah, and 
Anne, and Madamoiselle come to see my wife, whom 
I left, and to talk with Joyce about a project I have 
of his and my joining, to get some money for my 
brother Tom and his kinswoman to help forward with 
her portion if they should marry. I mean in buying 
of tallow of him at a low rate for the King, and Tom 
should have the profit ; but he tells me the profit will 
be considerable, at which I was troubled, but I have 
agreed with him to ser\^e some in my absence. 



I Mary, daughter to George Villiers, first Duke of Buckingham, wife of 
James, fourth Duke of Lennox, and third Duke of Richmond, who left her a 
widow secondly in 1655. She had previously married Charles Lord Herbert; 
and she took for her third husband, Thomas Howard, brother of the Earl of 
Carlisle, who fought the duel with Jcrmyn. See August \(j,post. 



228 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

22nd. After taking leave of my wife, which we 
could hardly do kindly, because of her mind to go 
along with me, Sir W. Pen and I took coach and so 
over the bridge to Lambeth, W. Bodham and Tom 
He wet going as clerkes to Sir W. Pen, and my Will 
for me. Here we got a dish of buttered eggs, and 
there staid till Sir G. Carteret came to us from White 
Hall, who brought Dr. Gierke with him, at which I 
was very glad, and so we set out, and I was very much 
pleased with his company, and were very merry all 
the way. We came to Gilford and there passed our 
time in the garden, cutting off sparagus for supper, 
the best that ever I eat in my life but in the house 
last year. Supped well, and the Doctor and I to 
bed together, calling cozens from his name and my 
office.^ 

23d. Up early, and to Petersfield, and there dined 
well ; and thence got a countryman to guide us by 
Havant, to avoid going through the Forest; bat he 
carried us much out of the way, and upon our com- 
ing we sent away an express to Sir W. Batten to stop 
his coming, which I did project to make good my 
oathe, that my wife should come if any of our wives 
came, which my Lady Batten did intend to do with 
her husband. The Doctor and I lay together at 
Wiard's, the chyrurgeons, in Portsmouth, his wife a 
very pretty woman. We lay very well and merrily ; 
in the morning, concluding him to be of the eldest 

» Clerk of the Acts. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 229 

blood and house of the Clerkes, because that all the 
fleas came to him and not to me. 

24th. Up and to Sir G. Carteret's lodgings at Mrs. 
Stephens's, where we keep our table all the time we 
are here. Thence all of us to the Payhouse ; but the 
books not being ready, we went to church to the 
lecture, where there was my Lord Ormond' and Man- 
chester,2 and much London company, though not so 
much as I expected. Here we had a very good ser- 
mon upon this text : '' In love serving one another ; " 
which pleased me very well. No news of the Queene 
at all. So to dinner; and then to the Pay all the 
afternoon. Then W. Pen and I walked to the King's 
Yard, and there lay at Mr. Tippets's,^ where exceeding 
well treated. 

25 th. All the morning at Portsmouth, at the Pay, 
and then to dinner, and again to the Pay; and at 
night got the Doctor to go lie with me, and much 
pleased with his company ; but I was much troubled 
in my eyes, by reason of the healths I have this day 
been forced to drink. 

26th. Sir George 4 and I, and his clerk Mr. Stephens, 
and Mr. Holt our guide, over to Gosport; and so 
rode to Southampton. In our way, besides my Lord 
Southampton's s parks and lands, which in one viewe 

* The Duke of Ormond. as Lord High Steward. 

2 As Lord Chamberlain. 

3 Afterwards knighted as Sir John Tippets. 

4 Sir George Carteret, who was M. P. for Portsmouth and Vice-Chamber- 
lain to the King. 

5 Tichfield House, erected by Sir Thomas Wriothesley, on the site of an 



230 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

we csDuld see 6000/. per annum, we observed a little 
church-yard, where the graves are accustomed to be 
all sowed with sage. At Southampton we went to the 
Mayor's and there dined, and had sturgeon of their 
own catching the last week, which do not happen in 
twenty years, and it was well ordered. They brought 
us also some caveare, which I attempted to order, but 
all to no purpose, for they had neither given it salt 
enough, nor are the seedes of the roe broke, but are 
all in berryes. The towne is one most gallant street, 
and is walled round with stone, &c., and Bevis's pic- 
ture upon one of the gates ; many old walls of re- 
ligious houses, and the keye, well worth seeing. After 
dinner to horse again, being in nothing troubled but 
the badness of my hat, which I borrowed to save my 
beaver. 

27th (Sunday). Sir W. Pen got trimmed before 
me, and so took the coach to Portsmouth to wait on 
my Lord Steward to church, and sent the coach for 
me back again. So I rode to church, and met my 
Lord Chamberlaine upon the walls of the garrison, 
who owned and spoke to me. I followed him in the 
crowde of gallants through the Queene's lodgings to 
chappell; the rooms being all rarely furnished, and 



Abbey of Premonstratenses, granted to him with their estates, 29th Henry 
VIII. Upon the death of his descendant, Thomas, Earl of Southampton, 
and Lord Treasurer, without issue male, the house and manor were allotted 
to his eldest daughter Elizabeth, wife of Edmund, first Earl of Gainsborough; 
and their only son dying s. p. in., the property devolved to his sister 
Elizabeth, married to Henry, Duke of Portland, whose grandson, the third 
Duke, alienated it to Mr. Delme. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 23 1 

escaped hardly being set on fire yesterday. At chap- 
pell we had a most excellent and eloquent sermon. 
By coach to the Yard, and then on board the Swallow 
in the dock hear our navy chaplain preach a sad ser- 
mon, full of nonsense and false Latin ; but prayed for 
the Right Honourable the principall officers. Visited 
the Mayor, Mr. Timbrell, our anchor-smith, who 
showed us the present they have for the Queene ; 
which is a salt-sellar of silver, the walls christall, with 
four eagles and four greyhounds standing up at the 
top to bear up a dish ; which indeed is one of the 
neatest pieces of plate that ever I saw, and the case 
is very pretty also.^ This evening came a merchant- 
man in the harbour, which we hired at London to 
carry horses to Portugall ; but Lord ! what running 
there was to the seaside to hear what news, thinking 
it had come from the Queene. 

28th. The Doctor and I begun philosophy discourse 
exceeding pleasant. He offers to bring me into the 
college of virtuosoes ^ and my Lord Brouncker's ac- 
quaintance, and show me some anatomy, which makes 
me very glad ; and I shall endeavour it, when I come 
to London. Sir W. Pen much troubled upon letters 
came last night. Showed me one of Dr. Owen's 3 to 
his son,'* whereby it appears his son is much perverted 

^ A salt-cellar answering this description is preserved at the Tower. 

2 The Royal Society, 

3 John Owen, D.D., a learned Nonconformist divine, and a voluminous 
theological writer, made Dean of Christ Church in 1653, by the Parliament, 
and ejected in 1659-60. He died at Ealing in 1683. 

4 The celebrated Quaker. 



232 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

in his opinion by him ; which I now perceive is one 
thing that hath put Sir WilHam so long off the hooks. 

29th. At the pay all the morning, and so to dinner ; 
and then to it again in the afternoon, and after our 
work was done, Sir G. Carteret, Sir W. Pen and I 
walked forth, and I spied Mrs. Pierce and another 
lady passing by. So I left them and went to the 
ladies, and walked with them up and down, and took 
them to Mrs. Stephens, and there gave them wine and 
sweetmeats, and were very merry ; and then comes 
the Doctor, and we carried them by coach to their 
lodging, which was very poor, but the best they could 
get, and such as made much mirth among us. So I 
appointed one to watch when the gates of the towne 
were ready to be shut, and to give us notice ; and so 
the Doctor and I staid with them playing and laugh- 
ing, and at last were forced to bid good night for fear 
of being locked into the towne all night. So we 
walked to the yarde, designing how to prevent our 
going to London to-morrow, that we might be merry 
with these ladies, which I did. So to supper and 
merrily to bed. 

30th. This morning Sir G. Carteret came down to 
the yarde, and there we mustered over all the men 
and determined of some regulations in the yarde, and 
then to dinner, all the officers of the yarde with us, 
and after dinner walk to Portsmouth, there to pay off 
the Successe, which we did pretty early, and so I took 
leave of Sir W. Pen, he desiring to know whither I 
went, but I would not tell him, I went to the ladies, 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 233 

and there took them and walked to the Mayor's to 
show them the present, and then to the Docke, where 
Mr. Tippets made much of them, and thence back 
again, the Doctor being come to us to their lodgings, 
whither came our supper by my appointment, and 
we very merry, playing at cards and laughing very 
merry till 12 o'clock at night, and so having staid 
so long (which we had resolved to stay till they 
bade us be gone), which yet they did not do but by 
consent, we bade them good night, and so past the 
guards, and went to the Doctor's lodgings, and there 
lay with him, our discourse being much about the 
quality of the lady with Mrs. Pierce, she being some- 
what old and handsome, and painted and fine, and 
had a very handsome mayde with her. This after- 
noon after dinner comes Mr. Stephenson, one of the 
burgesses of the towne, to tell me that the Mayor 
and burgesses did desire my acceptance of a burgess- 
ship, and were ready at the Mayor's to make me one. 
So I went, and there they were all ready, and did 
with much civility give me my oathe, and after the 
oathe, did by custom shake me all by the hand. So 
I took them to a taverne and made them drink, and 
paying the reckoning, went away. It cost me a piece 
in gold to the Town Gierke, and lOi-. to the Bayliffes, 
and spent ds. 

May I St. Sir G. Garteret, Sir W. Pen, and myself, 
with our clerks, set out this morning from Portsmouth 
very early, and got by noon to Petersfield ; several offi- 
cers of the Yarde accompanying us so far. Here we 



234 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

dined and were merry. At dinner comes my Lord 
Carlingford ^ from London, going to Portsmouth : tells 
us that the Duchesse of York is brought to bed of a 
girle,2 at which I find nobody pleased ; and that Prince 
Rupert and the Duke of Buckingham are swome of the 
Privy Councell. He himself made a dish with egges 
of the butter of the Sparagus, which is very fine meat, 
which I will practise hereafter. To horse again, and 
got to Gilford, where after supper I to bed, having 
this day been offended by Sir W. Pen's foolish talk, 
and I offending him with my answers. Among others 
he in discourse complaining of want of confidence, 
did ask me to lend him a grain or two, which I told 
him I thought he was better stored with than myself, 
before Sir George. So that I see I must keep a 
greater distance than I have done. To bed all alone, 
and my Will in the truckle bed.^ 

2nd. Early to coach again and to Kingston, where 
we baited a little and got early to London, and I found 
all well at home. I to Dr. Gierke's lady, and gave her 
her letter and token. She is a very fine woman, and 

^ Theobald second Viscount Taafe, created Earl of Carlingford, co. Louth, 
1661-2. 

2 Mary, afterwards Queen of England. 

3 According to the original Statutes of Corpus Christi Coll. Oxon, a Schol- 
ar slept in a truckle bed below each Fellow. Called also " a trindle bed." 
Compare Hall's description of an obsequious tutor : 

" He lieth in a truckle bed 
While his young master lieth o'er his head." 

Satires, ii. 6, 5. 

The bed was drawn in the daytime under the high bed of the tutor. See 
Wordsworth's " University Life in the Eighteenth Century." (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 235 

what \\dth her person and the number of fine ladies 
that were with her, I was much out of countenance, 
and could hardly carry myself like a man among them ; 
but however, I staid till my courage was up again, and 
talked to them, and viewed her house, which is most 
pleasant, and so drank and good night. 

3rd. Sir W. Pen and I by coach to St. James's, and 
there to the Duke's Chamber, who had been a-hunt- 
ing this morning and is come back again. To dinner 
to my Lady Sandwich, and Sir Thomas Crew's children 
coming thither, I took them and all my Ladys to the 
Tower and showed them the lions ^ and all that was 
to be shown. Sir Thomas Crew's children being as 
pretty and the best behaved that ever I saw of their 
age. Thence, at the goldsmith's, took my picture in 
little, which is now done, home with me, and pleases 
me exceedingly and my wife. 

4th. Mr. Holliard came to me and let me blood, 
about sixteen ounces, I being exceedingly full of 
blood and very good. I begun to be sick ; but lying 
upon my back I was presently well again, and did give 
him 5J-. for his pains. After dinner, my arm tied up 
with a black ribbon, I walked with my wife to my 
brother Tom's ; our boy waiting on us with his sword,^ 
which this day he begins to wear, to outdo Sir W. Pen's 
boy, who this day, and Sir W. Batten's too, begin to 
wear new livery ; but I do take mine to be the neatest 
of them all. I led my wife to Mrs. Turner's pew, and 

1 Hence the phrases " to lionize," " to see the lions." (M. B.) 

2 See 7th Dec. 1661, attte. 



236 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

the church being full, it being to hear a Doctor who 
is to preach a probacon sermon, I went out to the 
Temple and there walked, and so when church was 
done my wife and I walked to Grayes Inne, to observe 
fashions of the ladies, because of my wife's making 
some clothes. 

5 th. My arme not being well, I staid within all the 
morning. My wife gone to buy some things for her- 
self, and a gowne for me to dress myself in. 

6th. This morning I got my seat set up on the 
leads, which pleases me well. 

7th. Walked to Westminster ; where I understand 
the news that Mr. Montagu is this last night come to 
the King with news, that he left the Queene and fleete 
in the Bay of Biscay, coming this wayward ; and that 
he believes she is now at the Isle of Scilly. So at 
noon to my Lord Crew's and there dined, and after 
dinner Sir Thos. Crew and I talked together, and 
among other instances of the simple hght discourse 
that sometimes is in the Parliament House, he told 
me how in the late business of Chymny money, when 
all occupiers were to pay, it was questioned whether 
women were under that name to pay, and somebody 
rose and said that they were not occupiers, but occu- 
pied. Thence to Paul's Church Yard ; where seeing 
my Ladys Sandwich and Carteret, and my wife (who 
this day made a visit the first time to my Lady Car- 
teret'), come by coach, and going to Hide Parke, I 

1 Elizabeth, who married her cousin, Sir George Carteret, was the daugh- 
ter of Sir Philip Carteret. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 23/ 

was resolved to follow them ; and so went to Mrs. 
Turner's : and thence found her out at the Theatre, 
where I saw the last act of the " Knight of the Burn- 
ing Pestle," ^ which pleased me not at all. And so 
after the play done, she and The. Turner and Mrs. 
Lucin 2 and I, in her coach to the Parke ; and there 
found them out, and spoke to them ; and observed 
many fine ladies, and staid till all were gone almost. 

8th. At the office all the morning doing business 
alonC; and returned home, and was overtaken by Sir 
G. Carteret in his coach. He told me that the Queene 
and the fleet were in Mount's Bay on Monday last ; 
and that the Queene endures her sickness pretty well. 
He also told me how Sir John Lawson hath done some 
execution upon the Turkes in the Straight, of which 
I am glad, and told the news the first on the Exchange, 
and was much followed by merchants to tell it. Sir 
G. Carteret, among other discourse, tells me that it is 
Mr. Coventry that is to come to us as a Commissioner 
of the Nav}^ ; at which he is much vexed, and cries 
out upon Sir W. Pen, and threatens him highly. And 
looking upon his lodgings, which are now enlarging, 
he in passion cried, " Guarda mi spada ; 3 for, by God, 
I may chance to keep him in Ireland, when he is 
there : " for Sir W. Pen is going thither with my Lord 
Lieutenant. But it is my design to keep much in with 
Sir George ; and I think I have begun very well towards 
it. 

' A Comedy by Beaumont and Fletcher. 
2 Query, Lukyn. 3 Sic, orig. 



238 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

9th. Up and to my office, and so to dinner at home, 
and then to Westminster. Thence to Mr. de Cretz, 
and there saw some good pieces that he hath copyed 
of the King's pieces, some of Raphael and Michael 
Angelo ; and I have borrowed an Elizabeth of his copy- 
ing to hang up in my house. Thence with Salisbury, 
who I met there, into Covent Garden to an alehouse, 
to see a picture that hangs there, which is offered for 
20J-., and I offered fourteen — but it is worth much 
more money — but did not buy it, I having no mind 
to break my oathe. Thence to see an Italian puppet 
play, that is within the rayles there, which is very 
pretty, the best that ever I saw, and great resort of 
gallants. So to the Temple and by water home, and 
so walk upon the leades, and in the dark there played 
upon my flageolette, and so to supper and to bed. 
The Duke of York went last night to Portsmouth ; so 
that I believe the Queene is near. 

loth. At noon to the Wardrobe ; there dined. My 
Lady told me how my Lady Castlemaine do speak of 
going to lie in at Hampton Court ; which she and all 
our ladies are much troubled at, because of the King's 
being forced to show her countenance in the sight of 
the Queene when she comes. In the evening Sir G. 
Carteret and I did hire a ship for Tangier, and other 
things together ; and I find that he do single me out 
to join with me apart from the rest, which I am much 
glad of. 

nth (Lord's day). To our church in the morning, 
where, our Minister being out of towne, a dull, flat 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 239 

Presbiter preached. Dined at home, and my wife'? 
brother with us, we having a good dish of stewed beefe 
of Jane's own dressing, which was well done, and a 
piece of sturgeon of a barrel sent me by Captain 
Cocke. In the afternoon to White Hall ; and there 
walked an houre or two in the Parke, where I saw the 
King now out of mourning, ^ in a suit laced with gold 
and silver, which it was said was out of fashion. Thence 
to the Wardrobe ; and there consulted with the ladies 
about our going to Hampton Court to-morrow. 

12th. Mr. Townsend called us up by four o'clock; 
and by five the three ladies, my wife and I, and Mr. 
Townsend, his son and daughter, were got to the 
barge and set out. We walked from Mortlake to 
Richmond, and so to boat again. And from Tedding- 
ton to Hampton Court Mr. Townsend and I walked 
again. And then met the ladies, and were showed 
the w^hole house by Mr. Marriott ; ^ which is indeed 
nobly furnished, particularly the Queene's bed, given 
her by the States of Holland ; a looking-glasse sent 
by the Queene-mother from France, hanging in the 
Queene's chamber, and many brave pictures. And so 
to barge again; and got home about eight at night 
very well. So my wife and I took leave of my Ladies, 
and home by a hackney-coach, the easiest that ever I 
met with. 

14th. Dined at the Wardrobe ; and after dinner, 
sat talking an hour or two alone with my Lady. She 

* For his aunt, the Queen of Bohemia. 2 The Housekeeper. 



240 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

is afeard that my Lady Castlemaine will keep still 
with the King, and I am afeard she will not, for I love 
her well. Thence to my brother's, and finding him 
in a lie about the lining of my new morning gowne, 
saying that it was the same with the outside, I was 
very angry with him and parted so. So home after 
an hour stay at Paul's Churchyard, and there came 
Mr. Morelock of Chatham, and brought me a stately 
cake, and I perceive he has done the same to the rest, 
of which I was glad ; so to bed. 

15th. To Westminster; and at the Privy Seale I 
saw Mr. Coventry's seal for his being Commissioner 
with us at which I know not yet whether to be glad or 
otherwise. At night, all the bells of the towne rung, 
and bonfires made for the joy of the Queene's arrival, 
who landed at Portsmouth last night. ^ But I do not 
see much thorough joy, but only an indifferent one, 
in the hearts of people, who are much discontented at 
the pride and luxury of the Court, and running in 
debt. 

17th. To the Wardrobe to dinner, where dined 
Mrs. Sanderson,^ the mother of the mayds, and after 
dinner my Lady and she and I on foot to Pater Nos- 
ter Rowe to buy a petticoat against the Queene's com- 
ing for my Lady, of plain satin, and other things ; and 
being come back again, we there met Mr. Nathaniel 
Crew at the Wardrobe with a young gentleman, a 

^ Rugge, in his " Diurnal," tells us that the Queen attired herself in the 
English fashion soon after he landed. 
* See May 10, 1660, ante. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 24 1 

friend and fellow student of his, and of a good family, 
Mr. Knightly, and known to the Crews, of whom my 
Lady privately told me she hath some thoughts of a 
match for my Lady Jemimah. I hke the person very 
well, and he hath 2,000/. per annum. Thence to the 
office, and thence I walked to my brother Tom's to 
see a velvet cloake, which I buy of Mr. Moore. It 
will cost me 8/. loj-. ; he bought it for 6/. 10s., but it 
is worth my money. 

1 8th (Whitsunday). By water to White Hall, and 
there to chappell in my pew belonging to me as Gierke 
of the Privy Scale ; and there I heard a most excellent 
sermon of Dr. Hacket,' Bishop of Lichfield and Co- 
ventry, upon these words : " He that drinketh this 
water shall never thirst." We had an excellent an- 
them, sung by Captain Cooke and another, and brave 
musique. And then the King came down and offered, 
and took the sacrament upon his knees ; a sight very 
v/ell worth seeing. Hence with Sir G. Carteret to his 
lodging to dinner with his Lady and one Mr. Brevin, 
a French Divine, we were very merry, and good dis- 
course after dinner, and so to chappell again ; and 
there had another good anthem of Captain Cooke's. 
Thence to the Councell-chamber ; where the King 
and Councell sat till almost eleven o'clock at night, 
and I forced to walk up and down the gallerys till 
that time of night. They were reading all the bills 
over that are to pass to-morrow at the House,^ before 

1 John Hacket, elected Bishop of that see 1661. Ob. 1670. 

2 To ears accustomed to the official words of speeches from the throne at 



242 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

the King's going out of towne and proroguing the 
House. At last the Councell risen, and Sir G. Carte- 
ret telling me what the Councell hath ordered about 
the ships designed to carry horse from Ireland to 
Portugall, which is now altered. I got a coach and 
so home, sending the boat away without me. At 
home I found my wife discontented at my being 
abroad, but I pleased her. She was in her new suit 
of black sarcenet and yellow petticoate very pretty. 
So to bed. 

T9th. Long in bed, sometimes scolding with my 
wife, and then pleased again, and at last up, and put 
on my riding cloth suit, and a camelott coat new, 
which pleases me well enough. To the Temple, so 
home, the shops being but some shut and some open. 
I hear that the House of Commons do think much 
that they should be forced to huddle over business 
this morning against the afternoon, for the King to 



the present day, the familiar tone of the following extracts from Charles's 
speech to the Commons, on the ist of March, will be amusing: — "I will con- 
clude with putting you in mind of the season of the year, and the convenience 
of your being in the country, in many respects for the good and welfare of it; 
for you will find much tares have been sowed there in your absence. The arrival 
of my wife, who I expect some time this month, and the necessity of my own 
being out of town to meet her, and to stay some time before she comes hither, 
makes it very necessary that the Parliament be adjourned before Easter, to 
meet again in the winter. . . . The mention of my wife's arrival puts me in 
mind to desire you to put that compliment upon her, that her entrance into 
the town may be with more decency than the ways will now suffer it to be; 
and, to that purpose, I pray you would quickly pass such laws as are before 
you, in order to the amending those ways, and that she may not find White- 
hall surrounded with water." Such a bill passed the Commons on the 24th 
June. — From Charles's Speech, ist March, 1662. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 243 

pass their Acts, that he may go out of towne. But he, 
I hear since, was forced to stay till almost nine o'clock 
at night before he could have done, and then he 
prorogued them; and so to Gilford, and lay there. 
Home, and Mr. Hunt dined with me, and were merry. 
After dinner Sir W. Pen and his daughter, and I and 
my wife by coach to the theatre, and there in a box 
saw "The Little Thiefe " well done. Thence to 
Moorefields, and walked and eat some cheesecake and 
gammon of bacon, but when I was come home I was 
sick. So my wife walking and singing upon the leades 
till ver>' late, it being pleasant and moonshine, and so 
to bed. 

20th. Sir W. Pen and I did a little business at the 
office, and so, home again. Then comes Dean Ful- 
ler ; ^ and I am most pleased with his company and 
goodness. At last parted, and my wife and I by 
coach to the opera, and there saw the 2nd part of 
"The Siege of Rhodes," but it is not so well done as 
when Roxalana was there, who, it is said, is now owned 
by my Lord of Oxford.^ Thence to Tower-wharfe, and 
there took boat, and we all walked to Halfeway House, 
and there eat and drank, and were pleasant, and so 
finally home again in the evening, and so good night, 
this being a very pleasant life that we now lead, and 
have long done ; the Lord be blessed, and make us 
thankful. But, though I am much against too much 

1 Dean of St. Patrick's. 

2 For an account of her pretended marriage with the Earl of Oxford, see 
Grammont, '* Memoirs." (M. B.) 



244 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

spending, yet I do think it best to enjoy some degree 
of pleasure now that we have health, money, and op- 
portunity, rather than to leave pleasures to old age or 
poverty, when we cannot have them so properly. 

2ist. My wife and I to my Lord's lodgings, where 
she and I staid walking in White Hall garden. And 
in the Privy-garden saw the finest smocks and linnen 
petticoats of my Lady Castlemaine's, laced with rich 
lace at the bottom, that ever I saw ; and did me good 
to look upon them. So to Wilkinson's, she and I and 
Sarah, where I had a good quarter of lamb and a salat. 
Here Sarah ' told me how the King dined at my Lady 
Castlemaine's, and supped, every day and night the 
last week ; and that the night that the bonfires were 
made for joy of the Queene's arrivall, the King was 
there ; but there was no fire at her door, though at all 
the rest of the doors almost in the street ; which was 
much observed : and that the King and she did send 
for a pair of scales and weighed one another; and 
she, being with child,^ was said to be heaviest. But 
she is now a most disconsolate creature, and comes 
not out of doors, since the King's going. But we went 
to the theatre to "The French Dancing Master," 3 and 
there with much pleasure gazed upon her (Lady Cas- 
tlemaine) ; but it troubles us to see her look deject- 

^ Lord Sandwich's housekeeper. 

2 The Duke of Southampton, Lady Castlemaine's son by the King, was 
born in May, 1662. 

3 " The French Dancing Master," acted by Killigrew's company, nth 
March, 1 661 -2. See Sir Henry Herbert's Register of Plays performed at the 
Restoration, in Malone's " Shakespeare," by Boswell, vol. iii. p. 27s. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 245 

edly and slighted by people already. The play pleased 
us very well ; but Lacy's ^ part, the Dancing Master, 
the best in the world. 

2 2d. This morning comes an order from the Sec- 
retary of State, Nicholas, for me to let one Mr. Lee, a 
Councellor, view what papers I have relating to pas- 
sages of the late times, wherein Sir H. Vane's hand is 
employed, in order to the drawing up his charge ; 
which I did. At noon he, with Sir W. Pen and his 
daughter, dined with me, and he to his work again, 
and we by coach to the theatre and saw " Love in 
a Maze." ^ The play hath little in it but Lacy's part 
of a country fellow, which he did to admiration. So 
home, and supped with Sir W. Pen. This night we 
had each of us a letter from Captain Teddiman from 
the Streights, of a peace made upon good terms, by 
Sir J. Lawson, with the Argier men,3 which is most 
excellent news. He hath also sent each of us some 
anchovies, olives, and muscatt ; but I know not yet 
what that is, and am ashamed to ask. After supper 
home, and to bed, resolving to make up this week in 



1 No wonder that Lacy performed his part so well, as he had been brought 
up a dancing-master. He afterwards procured a Lieutenant's commission in 
the army, which he soon quitted for the stage, and was the author of four 
plays. Ob. 1681, and buried in the churchyard of St. Martin-in-the-Fields. 

2 "Love in a Maze" is the second title of Shirley's play of "The 
Changes." 

3 The articles of peace between Charles IL and Algiers, concluded 30th 
August, 1664, by Admiral Thomas Allen, according to instructions from the 
Duke of York, being the same articles concluded by Sir John Lawson, 23rd 
April, 1662, and confirmed loth November following. They are reprinted in 
Somers's " Tracts," vol. vi., p. 554, Sir W. Scott's edition. 



246 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

seeing plays and pleasure, and so fall to business next 
week again for a great while. 

23rd. At the office good part of the morning, and 
then about noon with my wife on foot to the Ward- 
robe. I staid below in the parler reading of the 
King's and Chancellor's late speeches at the prorogu- 
ing of the Houses of Parliament. And while I was 
reading, news was brought me that my Lord Sand- 
wich is come and gone up to my Lady, which put me 
into great suspense of joy, so I went lip waiting my 
Lord's coming out of my Lady's chamber, which by 
and by he did, and looks very well, and my soul is 
glad to see him. He very merry, and hath left the 
King and Queene at Portsmouth, and is come up to 
stay here till next Wednesday, and then to meet the 
King and Queene at Hampton Court. So to dinner ; 
and my Lord mighty merry; among other things, 
saying that the Queene is a very agreeable lady, and 
paints still. After dinner I showed him my letter 
from Teddiman about the news from Argier, which 
pleases him exceedingly; and he writ one to the 
Duke of York about it, and sent it express.^ There 
coming much company after dinner to my Lord, my 
wife and I slunk away to the opera, where we saw 
" Witt in a Constable," ^ the first time that it is acted ; 



^ " I came to the Wardrobe in London to my family, where I met a letter 
from Captain Teddiman to Mr. Samuel Pepys, showing the news of Sir John 
Lawson's having made peace with Algiers, they agreeing not to search our 
ships." — Lord Sandwich's Journal, 23rd May. 

* A Comedy, by Henry Glapthome . 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 247 

but SO silly a play I never saw I think in my life. 
After it was done, my wife and I to the puppet play 
in Covent Garden, which I saw the other day, and 
indeed it is very pleasant. Here among the fidlers 
I first saw a dulcimere played on with sticks knock- 
ing of the strings, and is very pretty. » 

24th. To the Wardrobe, and there again spoke 
with my Lord, and saw W. Howe, who is grown a 
very pretty and is a sober fellow. Thence abroad 
with Mr. Creed, of whom I informed myself of all I 
had a mind to know. Among other things, the great 
difficulty my Lord hath been in all this summer for 
lack of good and full orders from the King; and I 
doubt our Lords of the Councell do not mind things 
as the late powers did, but their pleasures or profit 
more. That the Juego de Toros^ is a simple sport, 
yet the greatest in Spaine. That the Queene hath 
given no rewards to any of the captains or officers, 
but only to my Lord Sandwich ; and that was a bag 
of gold, which was no honourable present, of about 
1,400/. sterling. How recluse the Queene hath ever 
been, and all the voyage never come upon the deck, 
nor put her head out of her cabin ; but did love my 
Lord's musique, and would send for it down to the 
state-room, and she sit in her cabin \vithin hearing 
of it. That my Lord was forced to have some clash- 
ing with the Council of Portugall about payment of 



^ For a description of the different musical instruments mentioned by 
Pepys, see Burney's and Hawkins's " Histories of Music." 

2 Juego de Toros. Bull-fights. See 7th Nov. 1661. (M. B.) 



248 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

the portion, before he could get it ; which was, be- 
sides Tangier and a free trade in the Indys, two mil- 
Hons of crownes, half now, and the other half in 
twelve months. But they have brought but little 
money ; but the rest in sugars and other commoditys, 
and bills of exchange. That the King of Portugall 
is a very foole almost, and his mother do all, and he 
is a very poor Prince. After a morning draft at the 
Star in Cheapside, I took him to the Exchange, thence 
home, but my wife having dined, I took him to Fish 
Street, and there we had a couple of lobsters, and 
dined upon them, and much discourse. 

25th (Lord's day). To trimming myself, which I 
have this week done every morning, with a pumice 
stone, which I learnt of Mr. Marsh, when I was last 
at Portsmouth ; and I find it very easy, speedy, and 
cleanly, and shall continue the practice of it. To 
church, and heard a good sermon of Mr. Woodcocke's 
at our church ; only in his latter prayer for a woman 
in childbed, he prayed that God would deliver her 
from the hereditary curse of childe-bearing, which 
seemed a pretty strange expression. Dined at home, 
and Mr. Creed with me. This day I had the first 
dish of pease I have had this year. After discourse 
he and I abroad, and walked up and down, and looked 
into many churches, among others Mr. Baxter's at 
Blackfryers. Then to the Wardrobe and out with 
Captn. Ferrers to Charing Cross ; and there at the 
Triumph taverne he showed me some Portugall ladys, 
which are come to towne before the Queene. They 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 249 

are not handsome, and their farthingales a strange 
dress. Many ladies and persons of quality come to 
see them. I find nothing in them that is pleasing; 
and I see they have learnt to kiss and look freely up 
and down already, and I do beheve will soon forget 
the recluse practice of their own country. They com- 
plain much for lack of good water to drink. The 
King's guards and some City companies do walk up 
and downe the towne these five or six days ; which 
makes me think, and they do say, there are some plots 
in laying. God keep us. 

26th. Up by four o'clock in the morning, and fell 
to the preparing of some accounts for my Lord of 
Sandwich. By and by, by appointment comes Mr. 
Moore, and, by what appears to us at present, we 
found that my Lord is above 7,000/. in debt, and that 
he hath money coming into him that will clear all, 
and so we think him clear, but very little money in 
his purse. So to my Lord's, and after he was ready, 
we spent an hour with him, giving him an account 
thereof; and he having some 6,000/. in his hands, 
remaining of the King's, he is resolved to make use 
of that, and get off of it as well as he can, which I 
like well of, for else I fear he will scarce get before- 
hand again a great while. Thence home, and to the 
Trinity House ; where the Brethren (who have been 
at Deptford choosing a new Maister ; which is Sir J. 
Minnes, notwithstanding Sir W. Batten did contend 
highly for it : at which I am not a little pleased, be- 
cause of his proud lady) about three o'clock came 



250 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

hither, and so to dinner. I seated myself close by 
Mr. Prin, who, in discourse with me, fell upon what 
records he hath of the lust and wicked lives of the 
nuns heretofore in England, and showed me out of 
his pocket one wherein thirty nuns for their lust were 
ejected of their house, being not fit to live there, and 
by the Pope's command to be put, however, into other 
nunnerys. I could not stay to end dinner with them, 
but rose, and privately went out, and by water to my 
brother's, and thence to take my wife to the Redd 
Bull,' where we saw Dr. Faustus,^ but so wretchedly 
and poorly done, that we were sick of it, and the 
worse because by a former resolution it is to be the 
last play we are to see till Michaelmas. Thence 
homewards by coach, through Moorefields, where we 
stood awhile, and saw the wrestling. At home, got 
my lute upon the leades, and there played, and so to 
bed. 

27th. To my Lord this morning, and thence to my 
brother's, where I found my father, poor man, come, 
which I was glad to see. He tells me his alterations 
of the house and garden at Brampton, which please 
me well. 

28th. Up and down in several places about busi- 
ness with Mr. Creed, home about noon, and by and 
by comes my father by appointment to dine with me, 
which we did very merrily, I desiring to make him 
as merry as I can, while the poor man is in towne. 

» In St. John's Street, Clerkenwell. (M. B.) 

2 " Dr. Faustus," a tragical history, by Christopher Marlowe. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 2$ I 

After dinner comes my uncle Wight and sat awhile, 
and thence we three to the Mum House at Leaden- 
hall. 

29th. At home all the morning. At noon to the 
Wardrobe, and dined with my Lady, and after dinner 
staid long talking with her; then homeward, and in 
Lumbard Streete was called out of a window by 
Alderman Backwell, where I went, and saluted his 
lady, a very pretty woman. Here was Mr. Creed, 
and it seems they have been under some disorder in 
feare of a fire at the next door, and had been remov- 
ing their goods, but the fire was over before I came. 
Thence home, and with my wife and the two mayds, 
and the boy, took boat and to Foxhall,i where I had 
not been a great while. To the old Spring Garden, 
and there walked long, and the wenches gathered 
pinks. Here we staid, and seeing that we could not 
have anything to eate, but very dear, and with long 
stay, we went forth again ^vithout any notice taken of 
us, and so we might have done if we had had any- 
thing. Thence to the new one, where I never was 

^ A manor in Surrey, properly Fulke's Hall, and so called from Fulke de 
Breaute, the celebrated mercenary follower of King John. Afterwards called 
Vauxhall or Foxhall. The gardens were formed about 1661, and originally 
the " New Spring Gardens," to distinguish them from the " Old Spring Gar- 
den " at Vauxhall, and the " Old Spring Gardens " at Charing Cross. See 
Evelyn's "Diary," 2nd July, 1661. Balthazar Monconys, who visited Eng- 
land early in the reign of Charles II., describes the gardens as then much 
frequented, and having grass, and sand walks, and squares of roses, beans, 
and asparagus, divided by gooseberry hedges. Sir Samuel Morland, in 1675, 
obtained a lease of the place. King Charles had made Morland his Master 
of Mechanics, and here he built a fine room, the inside all of looking-glass 
and fountains, very pleasant to behold. (M. B.) 



252 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

before, which much exceeds the other ; and nere we 
also walked, and the boy crept through the hedge and 
gathered abundance of roses, and, after a long walk, 
passed out of doors as we did in the other place, and 
here we had cakes and powdered beef ^ and ale, and 
so home again by water with much pleasure. This 
day, being the king's birth-day, was very solemnly 
observed ; and the more, for that the Queene this day 
comes to Hampton Court. In the evening, bonfires 
were made, but nothing to the great number that was 
heretofore at the burning of the Rump. 

30th. This morning I made up my accounts, and 
find myself de claro worth about 530/., and no more, 
so little have I increased it since my last reckoning ; 
but I confess I have laid out much money in clothes. 
Upon a suddaine motion I took my wife, and Sarah 
and Will by water, with some victuals with us, as low 
as Gravesend, intending to have gone into Hope to 
the Royal James, to have seen the ship and Mr. Shep- 
ley, but meeting Mr. Shepley in a hoy, bringing up 
my Lord's things, she and I went on board, and sailed 
up with them as far as half-way tree, very glad to see 
Mr. Shepley. Here we saw a httle Turke and a 
negroe, which are intended for pages to the two 
young ladies. Many birds and other pretty noveltys 
there was, but I was afeard of being louzy, and so 
took boat again, and got to London before them, all 
the way, coming and going, reading in the "Wall- 

J Powdered beef, i.e., salted beef. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 253 

flower " I with great pleasure. So home, and thence 
to the Wardrobe, where Mr. Shepley was come with 
the things. Here I staid talking with my Lady, who 
is preparing to go to-morrow to Hampton Court. So 
home, and at ten o'clock at night Mr. Shepley came 
to sup with me. So we had a dish of mackerell and 
pease, and so he bid us good night, going to lie on 
board the hoy. 

31st. Lay long in bed, and so up to make up my 
Joumall for these two or three days past. Then came 
Anthony Joyce, who duns me for money for the tallow 
which he ser\^ed in lately by my desire, which vexes 
me. By and by to White Hall, and so home, and 
had Sarah to comb my head clean, which I found so 
foul with powdering and other troubles, that I am 
resolved to try how I can keep my head dry without 
powder ; and I did also in a suddaine fit cut off all 
my beard, which I had been a great while bringing 
up, only that I may with my pumice-stone do my 
whole face, as I now do my chin, and to save time, 
which I find a very easy way and gentile. So she 
also washed my feet in a bath of herbes, and so to 
bed. The Queene is brought a few days since to 
Hampton Court ; and all people say of her to be a 
very fine and handsome lady, and very discreet ; and 
that the King is pleased enough with her : which, I 
fear, will put Madam Castlemaine's nose out of joynt. 

* A very singular book by Dr. Thomas Baj'ly — " Herba Parietis ;" 
or, the Wall-flower, as it grew out of the Stone Chamber belonging to New- 
gate. Lond. 1650. Folio. 



254 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

The Court is wholly now at Hampton. A peace with 
Argier ' is lately made ; which is also good news. My 
Lord Sandwich is lately come with the Queene from 
sea, very well and in good repute. The Act for Uni- 
formity is lately printed, which, it is thought, will 
make mad work among the Presbyterian ministers. 
People of all sides are very much discontented ; some 
thinking themselves used, contrary to promise, too 
hardly ; and the other, that they are not rewarded so 
much as they expected by the King. God keep us all. 
I have by a late oathe obliged myself from wine and 
playes, of which I find good effect. 

June ist (Lord's day). At church in the morning. 
A stranger made a very good sermon. Dined at 
home, and Mr. Spong came to see me ; so he and I 
sat down a little to sing some French psalms. To 
church again, where a Presbyter made a sad and long 
sermon, which vexed me. 

2nd. Up early about business and then to the 
Wardrobe, and spoke to my Lord about the exchange 
of the crusados ^ into sterling money, and other mat- 
ters. This day my wife put on her slasht wastecoate, 
which is very pretty. 

3rd. Up by four o'clock and to my business in my 

1 Algiers. (M. B.) 

2 Crusado, a Portuguese coin. It is named from a cross which it bears 
on one side, the arms of Portugal being on the other. It varied in value at 
different periods from 2j. 3^. to 4^. 

" Believe me, I had rather lost my purse 
Full of cruzados." 

Shakespeare, Othello, act iii. sc. 4. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 255 

chamber, to even accounts with my Lord and myself, 
and very fain I would become master of 1,000/., but 
I have not above 530/. toward it yet. At the office 
all the morning, and Mr. Coventry brought his patent 
and took his place with us this morning. Upon our 
making a contract, I went, as I use to do, to draw 
the heads thereof, but Sir W. Pen most basely told 
me that the Comptroller is to do it, and so begun to 
employ Mr. Turner about it, at which I was much 
vexed, and begun to dispute ; and what with the 
letter of the Duke's orders, and Mr. Barlow's letter, 
and the practice of our predecessors, which Sir G. 
Carteret knew best when he was Comptroller, it was 
ruled for me. What Sir J. Minnes will do when he 
comes I knowe not, but Sir W. Pen did it like a base 
raskall, and so I shall remember him while I live. 
After office done, I went down to the Towre Wharfe, 
where Mr. Creed and Shepley was ready with three 
chests of the crusados, being about 6,000/., ready to 
bring to shore to my house, which they did, and put 
it in my further cellar, and Mr. Shepley took the key. 
I to my father and Dr. Williams and Tom Trice, by 
appointment, in the- Old Bayly, to Short's, the ale- 
house, but could come to no terms with T. Trice. 
Thence to the Wardrobe, where I found my Lady 
come from Hampton Court, where the Queene hath 
used her very civilly ; and my Lady tells me is a most 
pretty woman, at which I am glad. Yesterday (Sir 
R. Ford told me) the Aldermen of the City did 
attend her in their habits, and did present her with a 



256 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

gold cupp and 1,000/. in gold therein. But, he told 
me, that they are so poor in their Chamber, that 
they were fain to call two or three Aldermen to raise 
fines to make up this sum, among which was Sir W. 
Warren. Home and to bed, my mind troubled about 
Sir W. Pen, his playing the rogue with me to-day, as 
also about the charge of money that is in my house, 
which I had forgot ; but I made the mayds to rise 
and light a candle, and set it in the dining-room, to 
scare away thieves, and so to sleep. 

4th. Up early, and Mr. Moore comes to me and 
tells me that Mr. Barnwell is dead, which troubles me 
something, and the more for that I believe we shall 
lose Mr. Shepley's company. By and by Sir W. Batten 
and I by water to Woolwich ; and there saw an experi- 
ment made of Sir R. Ford's Holland's yame (about 
which we have lately had so much stir ; and I have 
much concerned myself for our rope-maker, Mr. 
Hughes, who represented it as bad), and we found it 
to be very bad, and broke sooner than, upon a fair 
triall, five threads of that against four of Riga yame ; 
and also that some of it had old stuffe that had been 
tarred, covered over with new hempe, which is such a 
cheat as hath not been heard of. I was glad of this 
discovery, because I would not have the King's work- 
men discouraged (as Sir W. Batten do most basely 
do) from representing the faults of merchants' goods, 
when there is any. To my Lord's, who I find resolved 
to buy Brampton Manor of Sir Peter Ball, at which I 
am glad. Thence to White Hall, and showed Sir G. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 25/ 

Carteret the cheat, and so to the Wardrobe, and there 
staid and supped with my Lady. 

5 th. To the office, where they were just sat down, 
and I showed them yesterday's discovery, and have 
got Sir R. Ford to be my enemy by it ; but I care not, 
for it is my duty, and so did get his bill stopped for 
the present. To dinner, and found Dr. Thos. Pepys 
at my house ; but I was called from dinner by a note 
from Mr. Moore to Alderman Backwell's, to see some 
thousands of my Lord's crusados weighed, and we 
find that 3,000 come to about 530/. or 40 generally. 
In the evening with Mr. Moore to Backwell's with 
another 1,200 crusados and saw them weighed, and 
so home and to bed. 

6th. At my office all alone all the morning, and the 
smith being with me about other things, did open a 
chest that hath stood ever since I came to the office, 
in my office, and there we found a modell of a fine 
ship, which I long to know whether it be the King's 
or Mr. Turner's. At noon to the Wardrobe. Thence 
to my brother Tom's, where we found a letter from 
Pall that my mother is dangerously ill in fear of death, 
which troubles my father and me much, but I hope it 
is otherwise, the letter being four days old since it was 
writ. 

7th. To the office, where all the morning, and I 
find Mr. Coventry is resolved to do much good, and 
to enquire into all the miscarriages of the office. At 
noon with him and Sir W. Batten to dinner at Trinity 
House j where, among others, Sir J. Robinson, Lieu- 



25 8 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

tenant of the Tower, was, who says that yesterday Sir 
H. Vane had a full hearing at the King's Bench, and 
is found guilty ; and that he did never hear any man 
argue more simply than he in all his life, and so others 
say. Sent for to Sir G. Carteret's, and there talked 
with him a good while. I perceive, as he told me, 
were it not that Mr. Coventry had already feathered 
his nest in selling of places, he do like him very well, 
and hopes great good from him. But he complains so 
of lack of money, that my heart is very sad, under the 
apprehension of the fall of the office. 

8th (Lord's day). To church, and there I found 
Mr. Mills come home out of the country again, and 
preached but a lazy sermon. Home and dined with 
my ^vife, and so to church again with her. Thence 
walked to my Lady's, and there supped with her, and 
merry, among other things, with the parrott which my 
Lord hath brought from the sea, which speaks very 
well, and cries Pall so pleasantly, that made my Lord 
give it my Lady Paulina ; but my Lady, her mother, 
do not like it. Home, and observe my man Will to 
walk with his cloak flung over his shoulder, hke a 
Ruffian, which, whether it was that he might not be 
seen to walk along with the footboy, I know not, but I 
was vexed at it ; and coming home, and after prayers, 
I did ask him where he learned that immodest garbe, 
and he answered me that it was not immodest, or some 
such slight answer, at which I did give him two boxes 
on the eares, which I never did before, and so was 
after a little troubled at it. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 259 

9th. Early up and at the office with Mr. Hater, 
making my alphabet of contracts, upon the dispatch 
of which I am now very intent, for that I am resolved 
to enquire into the price of commodities. Dined at 
home, and after dinner to Greatorex's, and with him 
and another stranger to the Taveme, but I drank no 
wine. He recommended Bond, of our end of the 
towne, to teach me to measure timber, and some 
other things that I would learn, in order to my 
office. 

loth. At the office all the morning, much business ; 
and great hopes of bringing things, by Mr. Coventry's 
means, to a good condition in the office. Dined at 
home, to the office again in the afternoon, but not 
meeting, as was intended, I went to my brother's and 
bookseller's, and other places about business, and paid 
off all for books to this day, and do not intend to buy 
any more of any kind a good while, though I had a 
great mind to have bought the King's works, as they 
are new printed in folio, and present it to my Lord ; 
but I think it will be best to save the money. So 
home and to bed. 

nth. At the office all the morning, Sir W. Batten, 
Sir W. Pen, and I about the Victualler's accounts. 
Then home to dinner and to the office again all the 
afternoon, Mr. Hater and I writing over my Alphabet 
faire, in which I took great pleasure to rule the hnes 
and to have the capitall words \vrote with red ink. So 
home and to supper. This evening Savill the Paynter 
came and did varnish over my wife's picture and mine, 



260 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

and I paid him for my little picture 3/., and so am 
clear with him. 

1 2th. This morning I tried on my riding cloth suit 
with close knees, the first that ever I had ; and I think 
they will be very convenient, if not too hot to wear 
any other open knees after them. At the office all 
the morning. Among many other businesses, I did 
get a vote signed by all, concerning my issuing of 
warrants, which they did not smell the use I intend 
to make of it ; but it is to plead for my clerks to have 
their right of giving out all warrants, at which I am 
not a little pleased. But great difference happened 
between Sir G. Carteret and Mr. Coventry, about pass- 
ing the Victualler's account, and whether Sir George 
is to pay the Victualler his money, or the Exchequer ; 
Sir George claiming it to be his place to save his three- 
pences. It ended in anger, and I believe will come 
to be a question before the King and Council. I did 
what I could to keep myself unconcerned in it, having 
some things of my own to do before I would appear 
high in anything. Thence to dinner, by Mr. Gauden's 
invitation, to the Dolphin, where a good dinner ; but 
what is to myself a great wonder, that with ease I past 
the whole dinner without drinking a drop of wine. 
After dinner to the office, my head full of business, 
and so home, and it being the longest "■ day in the 
year, I made all my people go to bed by daylight. 
But after I was a-bed and asleep, a note came from 



^ According to the "old style:" the "new style" did not begin till 
1752. (M.B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 26 1 

my brother Tom to tell me that my cozen Anne 
Pepys, of Worcestershire, her husband is dead, and 
she married again, and her second husband ' in town, 
and intends to come and see me to-morrow. 

13th. Up by 4 o'clock in the morning, and read 
Cicero's Second Oration against Catiline, which pleased 
me exceedingly ; and more I discern therein than ever 
I thought was to be found in him ; but I perceive it 
was my ignorance, and that he is as good a writer as 
ever I read in my life. By and by to Sir G. Carteret's, 
to talk with him about yesterday's difference at the 
office ; and offered my service to look into my old 
books or papers that I have, that may make for him. 
He was well pleased therewith, and did much inveigh 
against Mr. Coventry; telling me how he had done 
him service in the Parliament, when Prin had drawn 
up things against him for taking of money for places ; 
that he did at his desire, and upon his letters, keep 
him off from doing it. And many other things he told 
me, as how the King was beholden to him, and in 
what a miserable condition his family would be, if he 
should die before he hath cleared his accounts. Upon 
the whole, I do find that he do much esteem of me, 
and is my friend. Thence to my Lady's, and there 
dined with her, and after dinner some musique, and 
so home to my business, and in the evening my wife 
and I, and Sarah and the boy, a most pleasant walk to 
Halfway house, and so home and to bed. 

I Mr. Fisher. See 15th June. (M. B.) 



262 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

14th. Up by four o'clock in the morning and upon 
business at my office. Then we sat down to business, 
and about 1 1 o'clock, having a room got ready for us, 
we all went out to the Tower-hill ; and there, over 
against the scaffold, made on purpose this day, saw 
Sir Henry Vane ' brought. A very great press of peo- 
ple. He made a long speech, many times interrupted 
by the Sheriffe and others there ; and they would have 
taken his paper out of his hand, but he would not let 
it go. But they caused all the books of those that 
writ 2 after him to be given the Sheriffe; and the 
trumpets were brought under the scaffold that he 
might not be heard. Then he prayed, and so fitted 
himself, and received the blow ; but the scaffold was 
so crowded that we could not see it done. But Bore- 
man,3 who had been upon the scaffold, came to us and 
told us, that first he began to speak of the irregular 
proceeding against him ; that he was, against Magna 
Charta, denied to have his exceptions against the in- 
dictment allowed ; and that there he was stopped by 
the Sheriffe. Then he drew out his paper of notes. 



1 Sir Henry Vane was born 1612. Though he disapproved of the violence 
offered to the King's person, he accepted afterwards of a seat at the Council- 
board. At the Restoration, though both Houses voted for an act of indemnity 
in his favour, his conduct to Strafford, and the perseverance with which he 
had supported the republican cause, were not forgotten, and therefore he was 
arraigned and condemned on pretence of having compassed the late King's 
death. He is represented by Clarendon as a man of deep dissimulation, of 
quick conception, and great understanding, but Burnet speaks of him as a 
fearful man, whose head was darkened in his notions of religion. (M. B.) 

2 i.e., the reporters. 

3 Sir William Boreman, Clerk to the Board of Green Cloth. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 263 

and begun to tell them first his life ; that he was bom 
a gentleman, that he was bred up and had the quality 
of a gentleman, and to make him in the opinion of 
the world more a gentleman, he had been, till he was 
seventeen years old, a good fellow, but then it pleased 
God to lay a foundation of grace in his heart, by which 
he was persuaded, against his worldly interest, to leave 
all preferment and go abroad, where he might serve 
God with more freedom. Then he was called home, 
and made a member of the Long Parliament ; where 
he never did, to this day, any thing against his con- 
science, but all for the glory of God. Here he would 
have given them an account of the proceedings of 
the Long Parliament, but they so often interrupted 
him, that at last he was forced to give over : and so 
fell into prayer for England in generall, then for the 
churches in England, and then for the City of Lon- 
don : and so fitted himself for the block, and received 
the blow. He had a blister, or issue, upon his neck, 
which he desired them not hurt : he changed not his 
colour or speech to the last, but died justifying him- 
self and the cause he had stood for ; and spoke very 
confidently of his being presently at the right hand of 
Christ ; and in all things appeared the most resolved 
man that ever died in that manner, and showed more 
of heate than cowardize, but yet with all humility and 
gravity. One asked him why he did not pray for the 
King. He answered, "Nay," says he, "you shall see 
I can pray for the King : I pray God bless him ! " 
The King had given his body to his friends; and, 



264 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

therefore, he told them that he hoped they would be 
civil to his body when dead ; and desired they would 
let him die like a gentleman and a Christian, and not 
crowded and pressed as he was. So to the office a 
little, and so to the Trinity-house all of us to dinner ; 
and then to the office again all the afternoon till night. 
This day, I hear, my Lord Peterborough is come un- 
expected from Tangier, to give the King an account 
of the place, which, we fear, is in none of the best 
condition. We had also certain news to-day that the 
Spaniard is before Lisbone with thirteen sayle ; six 
Dutch, and the rest his own ships ; which will, I fear, 
be ill for Portugall. I writ a letter of all this day's 
proceedings to my Lord, at Hinchingbroke, who, I 
hear, is very well pleased with the work there. 

15th (Lord's day). To church in the morning and 
home to dinner, where come my brother Tom and Mr. 
Fisher, my cozen. Nan Pepy's second husband, who, 
I perceive, is a very good-humoured man, an old cava- 
lier, I made as much of him as I could, and were 
merry, and am glad she hath light of so good a man. 
They gone, to church again ; but my wife not being 
dressed as I would have her, I was angry, and she, 
when she was out of doors in her way to church, 
returned home again vexed. But I to church, Mr. 
Mills, an ordinary sermon. So home, and found my 
wife and Sarah gone to a neighbour church, at which 
I was not much displeased. By and by she comes 
again, and, after a word or two, good friends. So to 
walk upon the leades, and to supper, and to bed. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 265 

1 6th. Up before four o'clock, and after some busi- 
ness took Will forth, and he and I walked through St. 
Catharine's and RatcHffe (I think it is) by the water- 
side above a mile before we could get a boat, and so 
over the water in a scull (which I have not done a 
great while), and walked finally to Deptford, where I 
saw in what forwardness the work is for Sir W. Batten's 
house and mine, and it is almost ready. I also, with 
Mr. Davis, did view my cozen Joyce's tallow, and com- 
pared it with the Irish tallow we bought lately, and 
found ours much more white, but as soft as it ; now what 
is the fault, or whether it be or no a fault, I know not. 
So walked home again as far as over against the Towre, 
and so over and home. Then by water with my wife to 
the Wardrobe, and dined there ; and in the afternoon 
with all the children by water to Greenwich, where I 
showed them the King's yacht, the house, and the 
parke, all very pleasant ; and so to the taverne, and had 
the musique of the house, and so merrily home again. 

1 7th. To the office, and at Sir W. Batten's, where 
we all met by chance and talked, and they drank wine ; 
but I forebore all their healths. Sir John Minnes, I 
perceive, is most excellent company. 

1 8th. Up early ; and after reading a little in Cicero, 
to my office. To my Lord Crew's and dined with 
him ; where I hear the courage of Sir H. Vane at his 
death is talked on every where as a miracle. I walked 
to Lilly's, I the painter's, where we saw among other 

* Peter Lely, the celebrated painter, afterwards knighted. Ob. 1680. 



266 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

rare things, the Duchesse of York, her whole body, 
sitting in state in a chair, in white sattin, and another 
of the King, that is not finished ; most rare things. 
I did give the fellow something that showed them us, 
and promised to come some other time, and he would 
show me Lady Castlemaine's, which I could not then 
see, it being locked up ! Thence to Wright's,* the 
painter's : but. Lord ! the difference that is between 
their two works. After some merry discourse in the 
kitchen with my wife and mayds as I now-a-days often 
do, I being well pleased with both my mayds, to bed. 
19th. Up by five o'clock, and while my man Will 
was getting himself ready to come up to me I took 
and played upon my lute a little. We sat long to-day, 
and had a great private business before us about con- 
tracting with Sir W. Rider, Mr. Cutler, and Captain 
Cocke, for 500 ton of hempe, which we went through, 
and I am to draw up the conditions. Home to 
dinner, and then with the last chest of crusados to 
Alderman Backwell's, by the same token his lady 
going to take coach stood in the shop, and having a 
gilded glassfull of perfumed comfits given her by Don 
Duarte de Silva, the Portugall merchant, that is come 
over with the Queene, I did offer at a taste, and so 
she poured some out into my hand, and, though good, 
yet pleased me the better coming from a pretty lady. 
So home and at the office preparing papers and 
things, and indeed my head has not been so full of 

J Michael Wright, a native of Scotland, and portrait-painter of some 
note, settled in London. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 26/ 

business a great while, and with so much pleasure, for 
I begin to see the pleasure it gives. God give me 
health. So to bed. 

20th. Up by four or five o'clock, and to the office, 
and there drew up the agreement between the King 
and Sir John Winter ' about the Forrest of Deane ; 
and having done it, he came himself (I did not know 
him to be the Queene's Secretary before, but observed 
him to be a man of fine parts) ; and we read it, and 
both Hked it well. That done, I turned to the Forrest 
of Deane, in Speede's Mapps, and there he showed 
me how it lies ; and the Lea-bayly,^ with the great 
charge of carrying it to Lydny, and many other things 
worth my knowing ; and I do perceive that I am very 
short in my business by not knowing many times the 
geographical part of my business. 

I went to the Exchange, and I hear that the mer- 
chants have a great fear of a breach with the Spaniard ; 
for they think he will not brook our having Tangier, 
Dunkirke, and Jamaica ; and our merchants begin to 
draw home their estates as fast as they can. Then 
to Pope's Head Ally, and there bought me a pair of 
tweezers, cost me 145-., the first thing like a bawble 
I have bought a good while, but I do it with some 
trouble of mind, though my conscience tells me that 
I do it with an apprehension of service in my office 
to have a book to write memorandums in, and a pair 
of compasses in it ; but I confess myself the willinger 

1 Secretary and Chancellor to the Queen Dowager. 

2 A hamlet in the parish of Newland, Gloucestershire. 



268 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

to do it because I perceive by my accounts that I 
shall be better by 30/. than I expected to be. In the 
evening, my wife and I and Jane over the water to 
the Halfway-house, a pretty, pleasant walk, but the 
wind high. 

2 1 St. Up about four o'clock, and to the office to 
prepare things for our meeting to-day. By and by 
we met and at noon, Sir W. Pen and I to the Trinity 
House ; where was a feast made by the Wardens. 
Great good cheer, and much but ordinary company. 
The Lieutenant of the Tower, upon my demanding 
how Sir H. Vane died, told me that he died in a 
passion ; but all confess with so much courage as 
never man died. So home, and there found Mr. 
Creed, who staid talking with my wife and me an 
houre or two, and I put on my riding cloth suit, only 
for him to see how it is, and I think it will do very 
well. He being gone, and I hearing from my wife 
and the mayds complaints made of the boy, I called 
him up, and with my whip did whip him till I was not 
able to stir, and yet I could not make him confess 
any of the lies that they tax him with. At last, not 
willing to let him go away a conqueror, I took him in 
task again, and pulled off his frock to his shirt, and 
whipped him till he did confess that he did drink the 
whey, which he had denied, and pulled a pinke, and 
above all did lay the candlesticke upon the ground in 
his chamber, which he had denied this quarter of a 
year. I confess it is one of the greatest wonders that 
ever I met with that such a little boy as he could 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 269 

possibly be able to suffer half so much as he did to 
maintain a lie. I think I must be forced to put him 
away. So to bed, with my arm very weary. 

22nd (Lord's day). This day I first put on my 
slasht doublet, which I like very well. To the Ward- 
robe. By and by my Lord came from church, and I 
dined, with some others, with him, he very merry, and 
after dinner took me aside and talked of state and 
other matters. So home. My wife and I to walk in 
the garden, where all our talk was against Sir W. Pen, 
against whom I have lately had cause to be much 
prejudiced. By and by he and his daughter came 
out to walke, so we took no notice of them a great 
while, at last in going home spoke a word or two, and 
so good night, and to bed. This day I am told of a 
Portugall lady, at Hampton Court, that hath dropped 
a child already since the Queene's coming, but the 
King would not have them searched whose it is ; and 
so it is not commonly known yet. Coming home to- 
night, I met with Will. Swan, who do talk as high for 
the Fanatiques as ever he did in his life ; and do pity 
my Lord Sandwich and me that we should be given 
up to the wickedness of the world ; and that a fall 
is coming upon us all ; for he finds that he and his 
company are the true spirit of the nation, and the 
greater part of the nation too, who will have liberty 
of conscience in spite of this "Act of Uniformity," 
or they will die ; and if they may not preach abroad, 
they will preach in their own houses. He told me 
that certainly Sir H. Vane must be gone to Heaven, 



2/0 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

for he died as much a mart)T and saint as ever man 
did ; and that the King hath lost more by that man's 
death, than he will get again a good while. At all 
which I know not what to think ; but, I confess, I do 
think that the Bishops will never be able to carry it 
so high as they do. 

23rd. Up early this morning, and to my office, and 
there hard at work all the morning. Meeting with 
Frank Moore, my Lord Lambeth's man formerly, we, 
and two or three friends of his did go to a taveme, 
and there they drank, but I nothing but small beer. 
In the next room one was playing very finely of the 
dulcimer, which well played I like well, but one of 
our own company, a talking fellow, did in discourse 
say much of this Act against Seamen, for their being 
brought to account ; and that it was made on purpose 
for my Lord Sandwich, who was in debt 100,000/. and 
hath been forced to have pardon oftentimes from 
Oliver for the same : at which I was vexed at him, 
but thought it not worth my trouble to oppose what 
he said, but took leave and went home, and after a 
little dinner to my office again, and in the evening Sir 
W. Warren came to me about business, and that being 
done, discoursing of deales, I did offer to go along 
with him among his deale ships, which we did to half 
a score, where he showed me the difference between 
Dram, Swinsound, Christiania, and others, and told 
me many pleasant notions concerning their manner 
of cutting and sawing them by watermills, and the 
reason how deales become dearer and cheaper, among 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 2/1 

Others, when the snow is not so great as to fill up the 
vallies that they may pass from hill to hill over the 
snow, then it is dear carriage. From on board he took 
me to his yarde, where vast and many places of deales, 
sparrs, and bulks, &c., the difference between which I 
never knew before, and indeed am very proud of this 
evening's work. He had me into his house, which 
is most pretty and neat and well furnished. After a 
glass, not of wine, for I would not be tempted to drink 
any, but a glass of mum, I well home by water, but it 
being late was forced to land at the Custom House, 
and so home and to bed, and after I was a-bed, letters 
came from the Duke for the fitting out of four ships 
forthwith from Portsmouth (I know not yet for what) 
so I was forced to make Will get them wrote, and 
signed them in bed and sent them away by express. 

24th (Midsummer day). Up early and to my office, 
putting things in order against we sit. There came to 
me my cozen Harry Alcocke, whom I much respect, 
to desire (by a letter from my father to me, where he 
had been some days) my helpe for him to some place. 
I proposed the sea to him, and I think he will take it, 
and I hope do well. Sat all the morning, and I bless 
God I find that by my diligence of late and still, I do 
get ground in the office every day. At noon to the 
Change, where I begin to be known also, and so home 
to dinner, and then to the office all the afternoon dis- 
patching business. At night news is brought me that 
Field I the rogue hath this day cast me at Guildhall 

^ See Feb. 4, 1661-2, ante. 



2/2 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

in 30/. for his imprisonment, to which I signed his 
commitment with the rest of the officers ; but they 
having been parUament-men, he do begin the law with 
me ; but threatens more, but I hope the Duke of York 
will bear me out. At night home, and Mr. Spong came 
to me, and so he and I sat singing upon the leades till 
almost ten at night, and so he went away (a pretty, 
harmless, and ingenious man), and I to bed, in a very 
great content of mind, which I hope by my care still 
in my business will continue to me. 

25 th. Up by four o'clock, and put my accounts 
with my Lord into a very good order, and so to my 
office, and then to the Wardrobe, and into Thames 
Street, beyond the Bridge, and there enquired among 
the shops the price of tarre and oyle, and do find 
great content in it, and hope to save the King money 
by this practice. 

26th. To the office, and there all the morning sit- 
ting till noon, and then took Commissioner Pett home 
to dinner with me. He being gone, comes Mr. Nich- 
olson,^ my old fellow- student at Magdalen, and we 
played three or four things upon the violin and basse, 
and so parted, and I to my office till night. 

27th. To my Lord, who rose as soon as he heard 
I was there ; and in his night-gowne and shirt stood 
talking with me alone two hours, I believe, concerning 
his greatest matters of state and interest. — Among 
other things, that his greatest design is, first, to get 

* Thomas Nicholson, A.M., 1672. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 2/3 

clear of all debts to the King for the Embassy money, 
and then a pardon. Then, to get his land settled ; 
and then to discourse and advise what is best for him, 
whether to keep his sea employment longer or no. 
For he do discern that the Duke would be willing to 
have him out, and that by Coventry's means. And 
here he told me, how the terms at Argier ' were wholly 
his; and that he did plainly tell Lawson and agree 
with him, that he would have the honour of them, if 
they should ever be agreed to ; and that accordingly 
they did come over hither entitled, "Articles con- 
cluded on by Sir J. Lawson, according to instructions 
received from His Royal Highness James Duke of 
York, &c. and from His Excellency the Earle of Sand- 
wich." (Which however was more than needed ; but 
Lawson tells my Lord in his letter, that it was not he, 
but the Council of Warr that would have " His Royal 
Highness " put into the title, though he did not con- 
tribute one word to it.) But the Duke of York did 
yesterday propose them to the Council, to be printed 
with this title ; "Concluded on by Sir J. Lawson, Knt." 
and my Lord quite left out. Here I find my Lord 
very politique ; for he tells me, that he discerns they 
design to set up Lawson as much as they can : and 
that he do counterplot them by setting him up higher 
still; by which they will find themselves spoiled of 
their design, and at last grow jealous of Lawson. This 
he told me with much pleasure ; and that several of 

I Algiers. (M. B.) 



274 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

the Duke's servants, by name my Lord Barkeley, Mr. 
Talbot, and others, had complained to my Lord, of 
Coventry, and would have him out. My Lord do 
acknowledge that his greatest obstacle is Coventry. 
He did seem to hint such a question as this : " Hith- 
erto I have been supported by the King and Chan- 
cellor against the Duke ; but what if it should come 
about, that it should be the Duke and Chancellor 
against the King \ " which, though he said it in these 
plain words, yet I could not fully understand it ; but 
may more hereafter. My Lord did also tell me, that 
the Duke himself at Portsmouth did thank my Lord for 
all his pains and care ; and that he perceived it must be 
the old Captains that must do the business ; and that 
the new ones would spoil all. And that my Lord did 
very discreetly tell the Duke (though quite against his 
judgement and inclination), that, however, the King's 
new captaines ought to be borne with a little and 
encouraged. By which he will oblige that party, and 
prevent, as much as may be, their envy ; but he says 
that certainly things will go to rack if ever the old 
captains should be wholly out, and the new ones only 
command. Then we fell to talk of Sir J. Minnes, of 
whom my Lord hath a very slight opinion, and that 
at first he did come to my Lord very displeased and 
sullen, and had studied and turned over all his books 
to see whether it had ever been that two flags should 
ride together in the main-top, but could not find it, 
nay, he did call his captains on board to consult them. 
So when he came by my Lord's side, he took down his 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 2/5 

flag, and all the day did not hoist it again, but next 
day my Lord did tell him that it was not so fit to ride 
without a flag, and therefore told him that he should 
wear it in the fore-top, for it seems my Lord saw his 
instructions, which were that he should not wear his 
flag in the maintop in the presence of the Duke or 
my Lord. But that after that my Lord did caresse 
him, and he do believe him as much his friend as 
his interest will let him ; and so I parted, and to my 
office, where I met Sir W. Pen,^ and he desired a 
tume with me in the garden, where he told me the 
day now was fixed for his going into Ireland ; and that 
whereas I had mentioned some service he could do 
a friend of mine there, Saml. Pepys,^ he told me he 
would most readily do what I would command him, 
and then told me we must needs eat a dish of meat 
together before he went, and so invited me and my 
wife on Sunday next. To all which I did give a cold 
consent, for my heart cannot love or have a good opin- 
ion of him since his last playing the knave with me, 
but he took no notice of our difference at all, nor I 
to him, and so parted, and I by water to Deptford, 
where I found Sir W. Batten alone paying off the yarde 
three quarters pay. Thence to dinner where too great 
a one was prepared, at which I was very much troubled, 
and wished I had not been there. After dinner comes 
Sir J. Minnes and some captains with him, who had 
been at a Councill of Warr to-day, who teU us they 

^ Penn was Governor of Kinsale. 

2 Mentioned elsewhere as " My cousin in Ireland." 



2/6 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

have acquitted Captain Hall, who was accused of 
cowardice in letting of old Winter, the Argier pyrate, 
go away from him with a prize or two ; and also Cap- 
tain Diamond of the murder laid to him of a man 
that he had struck, but he lived many months after, 
till being drunk, he fell into the hold, and there broke 
his jawe and died. To the pay again, where I left 
them, and walked to Redriffe, and so home. 

28th. Up to my Lord's and my own accounts, and 
so to the office, and there again all the afternoon till 
night, and so home. This day a genteel woman came 
to me, claiming kindred of me, as she had once done 
before, and borrowed lOi-. of me promising to repay 
it at night, but I hear nothing of her. I shall trust 
her no more. Great talk there is of a fear of a war 
with the Dutch ; and we have order to pitch upon 
twenty ships to be forthwith set out ; but I hope it is 
but a scare-crow to the world, to let them see that 
we can be ready for them ; though, God knows ! the 
King is not able to set out five ships at this present 
without great difficulty, we neither having money, 
credit, nor stores. My mind is now in a wonderful 
condition of quiet and content, more than ever in all 
my life, since my minding the business of my office, 
which I have done most constantly ; and I find it to 
be the very effect of my late oathes against wine and 
play, which, if God please, I will keep constant in, 
for now my business is a delight to me, and brings me 
great credit, and my purse encreases too. 

29th (Lord's day). Up by four o'clock, and to the 



DIARY OF SAMUEL FEPYS. 2// 

settling of my own accounts, and I do find upon my 
monthly ballance that I am worth 650/., the greatest 
sum that ev^er I was yet master of. I pray God give 
me a thankfull spirit, and care to improve and en- 
crease it. To church with my wife, who this day put 
on her green petticoate of flowTed satin, with fine 
white and gimp lace of her own putting on, which is 
very pretty. Home with Sir W, Pen to dinner by 
appointment, and to church again in the afternoon, 
and then home, and in the evening to supper again 
to Sir W. Pen. Whatever the matter is, he do much 
fawne upon me, and I perceive would not fall out with 
me, and his daughter mighty officious to my wife, but 
I shall never be deceived again by him, but do hate 
him and his traitorous tricks with all my heart. It 
was an invitation in order to his taking leave of us 
to-day, he being to go for Ireland in a few days. 

30th. Up betimes, and to my office where I fell 
upon boring holes for me to see from my closet into 
the great office, without going forth, wherein I please 
myself much. So settled to business, and at noon 
with my wife to the Wardrobe, and there dined, and 
staid talking all the afternoon with my Lord, and 
about four o'clock took coach with my wife and Lady, 
and went toward my house, calling at my Lady Car- 
teret's, who was within by chance, and so we sat with 
her a httle. Among other things told my Lady how 
my Lady Fanshaw^ is fallen out with her only for 

* Anne, daughter of Sir John Harrison, of Balls, in Hertfordshire, wife 



2/8 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

speaking in behalf of the French, which my Lady 
wonders at, they having been formerly like sisters, 
but we see there is no true lasting friendship in the 
world. Thence to my house, where I took great pride 
to lead her through the Court by the hand, she being 
very fine, and her page carrying up her train. She 
staid a little at my house, and then walked through 
the garden, and took water, and went first on board 
the King's pleasure boat, which pleased her much. 
Then to Greenwich Parke ; and with much ado she 
was able to walk up to the top of the hill, and so down 
again, and took boat, and so through bridge to Black- 
fryers, and home, she being much pleased with the 
ramble in every particular of it. So we supped with 
her, and then walked home, and to bed. 

Observations. 

This I take to be as bad a juncture as ever I ob- 
served. The King and his new Queene minding 
their pleasures at Hampton Court. All people dis- 
contented ; some that the King do not gratify them 
enough ; and the others, Fanatiques of all sorts, that 
the King do take away their liberty of conscience ; 
ana the height of the Bishops, who I fear will ruin 
all again. They do much cry up the manner of Sir 
H. Vane's death, and he deserves it. They clamour 
against the chimney-money, and the people say, they 
will not pay it without force. And in the mean time, 

of Sir Richard Fanshawe; see 29th June, 1669. She wrote " Memoirs " of 
her life, which have been published, and are extremely interesting. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 279 

like to have war abroad; and Portugall to assist, 
when we have not money to pay for any ordinary 
layings-out at home. Myself all in dirt about build- 
ing of my house and Sir W. Batten's a story higher. 
Into a good way, fallen on minding my business and 
saving money, which God encrease ; and I do take 
great delight in it, and see the benefit of it. In a 
longing mind of going to see Brampton, but cannot 
get three days time, do what I can. In very good 
health, my wife and myself. 

July I St. To the office, and there we sat till past 
noon, and then Captain Cuttance and I by water to 
Deptford, where the Royal James (in which my Lord 
went out the last voyage, though he came back in the 
Charles) was paying off by Sir W. Batten and Sir W. 
Pen. So to dinner, and from thence I sent to my 
Lord to know whether she should be a first rate, as 
the men would have her, or a second. He answered 
that we should forbear paying the officers and such 
whose pay differed upon the rate of the ship, till he 
could speak with his Royal Highness. To the pay 
again after dinner, and seeing of Cooper, the mate of 
the ship, whom I knew in the Charles, I spoke to him 
about teaching the mathematiques, and do £^ease 
myself in my thoughts of learning of him, and bade 
him come to me in a day or tvvo. Towards evening 
I left them, and to Redriffe by land, Mr. Cowly, the 
Clerk of the Cheque, with me, discoursing concerning 
the abuses of the yarde, in which he did give me 
much light. So by water home, and after half an 



28o DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

houre sitting talking with my wife, who was afeard I 
did intend to go with my Lord to fetch the Queene 
mother over, in which I did clear her doubts, I went 
to bed by daylight, in order to my rising early 
to-morrow. 

2nd. Up while the chimes went four, and to put 
down my journal, and so to my office, to read over 
such instructions as concern the officers of the Yard ; 
for I am much upon seeing into the miscarriages there. 
By and by, by appointment, comes Commissioner 
Pett ; and then a messenger from Mr. Coventry, who 
sits in his boat expecting us, and so we down to him 
at the Tower, and there took water all, and to Dept- 
ford (he in our passage taking notice how much dif- 
ference there is between the old Captains for obedience 
and order, and the King's new Captains, which I am 
very glad to hear him confess) ; and there we went 
into the Store-house, and viewed first the provisions 
there, and then his books, but Mr. Davis himself was 
not there, he having a kinswoman in the house dead, 
for which, when by and by I saw him, he do trouble 
himself most ridiculously, as if there was never another 
woman in the world ; in which so much lazinesse, as 
also in the Clerkes of the Cheque and Survey (which 
after one another we did examine), as that I do not 
perceive that there is one-third of their duties per- 
formed ; but I perceive, to my great content, Mr. 
Coventry will have things reformed. So Mr. Coventry 
to London, and Pett and I to the Pay, and so to 
dinner, and to the Pay againe, where I did reheve 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 28 1 

several of my Lord Sandwich's people, but was sorry 
to see them so peremptory, and at every word would 
complain to my Lord, as if they shall have such a 
command over my Lord. In the evening I went forth 
and took a walk with Mr. Davis, and told him what 
had passed at his office to-day, and did give him my 
advice, and so with the rest by barge home and to 
bed. 

3rd. Up by four o'clock and to my office till 8 
o'clock, writing over two copies of our contract with 
Sir W. Rider, &c., for 500 Ton of hempe, which, 
because it is a secret, I have the trouble of writing 
over as well as dramng. Then home to dress myself, 
and so to the office, where another fray between Sir 
R. Ford and myself about his yame, wherein I find 
the board to yield on my side, and was glad thereof, 
though troubled that the office should fall upon me 
of disobliging Sir Richard. At noon we all by invi- 
tation dined at the Dolphin with the Officers of the 
Ordnance ; where Sir W. Compton,^ Mr. O'Neale,^ 

^ See May 6, 1660, and note. 

2 The best account of this person is given in his monumental inscription, in 
Boughton-Malherbe Church: — " Here lies the body of Mr. Daniel O'Neale, 
who descended from that greate, honourable, and antient family of the 
O'Neales, in Ireland, to whom he added new luster by his owne merit, being 
rewarded for his courage and loyalty in the civil warrs, under King Charles 
the First and Charles the Second, wth the ofifices of Postmaster General of 
England, Scotland, and Ireland, Master of the Powder, and Groome of His 
Majtyes Bedchamber. He was married to the right honourable Katherine 
Countesse of Chesterfeild, who erected him this monument, as one of the last 
markes of her kindnesse, to show her affection longer than her weak breath 
would serve to express it. He died a.d. 1663, aged 60." In the " Letters 
of Philip, Second Earl of Chesterfield," p. 6, it is stated that he died on the 



282 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

and other great persons, were. After dinner, was 
brought to Sir W. Compton a gun to discharge seven 
times ; ^ the best of all devices that ever I saw, and 
very serviceable, and not a bawble ; for it is much 
approved of, and many thereof made. Thence to my 
office all the afternoon as long as I could see. In the 
evening came Mr. Lewis to me, and very ingeniously 
did enquire whether I ever did look into the business 
of the Chest at Chatham ; 2 and after my readiness to 
be informed did appear to him, he did produce a 
paper, wherein he stated the government of the Chest 
to me ; and upon the whole did tell me how it hath 
ever been abused, and to this day is ; and what a 
meritorious act it would be to look after it ; which I 
am resolved to do, if God bless me ; and do thank 
him very much for it. So home, and after a turn or 
two upon the leades with my wife, who has lately had 
but little of my company, since I begun to follow my 
business, but is contented therewith since she sees 
how I spend my time, and so to bed. 

4th. Up by five o'clock, and after my journall put 
in order, to my office about my business, which I 
am resolved to follow, for every day I see what ground 
I get by it. By and by comes Mr. Cooper, mate of 



9th of April, 1667; but the date of the year should be 1663. The "Great 
O'Neale " whose death Pepys records as having occurred on the 24th October, 
1664, many months later, could not be the same person if the dates are 
correct. 

1 See note March 4, 1668-4. (M. B.) 

2 See Pepys's own accoimt of the institution of the Chest, Nov. 13, 1662, 
fast. 



D7ARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 283 

the Royall Charles, of whom I intend to learn mathe- 
matiques, and do begin with him to-day, he being a 
very able man, and no great matter, I suppose, will 
content him. After an houi-e's being with him at 
arithmetique, (my first attempt being to learn the 
multipUcation-table) ; then we parted till to-morrow. 
And so to my business at my office again till noon, 
about which time Sir W. Warren did come to me 
about business, and did begin to instruct me in the 
nature of fine timber and deales, telling me the nature 
of every sort ; and from that we fell to discourse of 
Sir W. Batten's corruption and the people that he 
employs, and from one discourse to another of the 
kind. I was much pleased with his company, and so 
staid talking with him all alone at my office till 4 in 
the afternoon, without eating or drinking all day, and 
then parted, and I home to eat a bit, and so back 
again to my office ; and toward the evening came Mr. 
Shepley, who is to go out of town to-morrow, and so 
he and I with much ado settled his accounts with my 
Lord, which, though they be true and honest, yet so 
obscure, that it vexes me to see in what manner they 
are kept. He being gone, and leave taken of him as 
of a man likely not to come to London again a great 
while, I eat a bit of bread and butter, and so to bed. 
This day I sent my brother Tom, at his request, my 
father's old Bass Viall which he and I have kept so 
long, but I fear Tom will do little good at it. 

5 th. To my office all the morning, and at noon 
had Sir W. Pen, who I hate with all my heart for his 



284 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

base treacherous tricks, but yet I think it not pohcy 
to declare it yet, and his son WiUiam, to my house 
to dinner, where was also Mr. Creed and my cozen 
Harry Alcocke. I having some venison given me a 
day or two ago, and so I had a shoulder roasted, 
another baked, and the umbles ^ baked in a pie, and 
all very well done. We were merry as I could be in 
that company, and the more because I would not seem 
otherwise to Sir W. Pen, he being within a day or two 
to go for Ireland. After dinner he and his son went 
away, and Mr. Creed would, with all his rhetorique, 
have persuaded me to have gone to a play ; and in 
good earnest I find my nature desirous to have gone, 
notwithstanding my promise and my business, to which 
I have lately kept myself so close, but I did refuse it, 
and I hope shall ever do so, and above all things 
it is considerable that my mind was never in my Hfe 
in so good a condition of quiet as it has been since I 
have followed my business and seen myself to get 
greater and greater fitness in my employment, and 
honour every day more than other. So at my office 
all the afternoon, and then my mathematiques at 
night with Mr. Cooper, and so to supper and to bed. 

6th (Lord's day). Settled my accounts with my 
wife for housekeeping, and do see that my kitchen, 

J' Umbles. Part of the inside of a deer — the liver, kidneys, &c. " The 
keeper hath the skin, head, umbles, chine and shoulders." — Holinshead, 
i. 204. 

" The old cookery books give receipts for making umble pies. Hence the 
phrase ' making persons eat umble pie,' meaning to humble them." — Nares' 
Glossary. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL FEPYS. 285 

besides wine, fire, candle, sope, and many other things, 
comes to about 30j-. a week, or a little over. To 
church, where Mr. Mills made a lazy sermon. My 
wife and I to church again in the afternoon, and that 
done I walked to the Wardrobe and to supper with my 
Lady (Sandwich) ; who tells me, with much trouble, 
that my Lady Castlemaine is still as great \vith the 
King, and that the King comes as often to her as ever 
he did. Jack Cole, my old friend, found me out at 
the Wardrobe ; and, among other things, he told me 
that certainly most of the chief ministers of London 
would fling up their livings ; and that, soon or late, 
the issue thereof would be sad to the King and Court. 

7th. Up and to my office early, and there all the 
morning alone, and after dinner to my office again, 
and by and by comes Mr. Cooper, so he and I to our 
mathematiques. 

8th. To the Wardrobe ; where alone with my Lord 
above an hour ; and he do seem still to have his 
old confidence in me ; and tells me to boot, that Mr. 
Coventry hath spoke of me to him to great advantage ; 
wherein I am much pleased. By and by comes in 
Mr. Coventry to visit my Lord ; and so my Lord and 
he and I walked together in the great chamber a good 
while ; and I found him a most ingenuous man and 
good company. 

9th. Up by four o'clock, and at my multiplicacion- 
table hard, which is all the trouble I meet withal in my 
arithmetique. Sir W. Pen came to my office to take 
his leave of me, and desiring a turn in the garden, did 



286 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

commit the care of his building to me/ and offered 
all his services to me in all matters of mine. I did, 
God forgive me ! promise him all my service and love, 
though the rogue knows he deserves none from 
me, nor do I intend to show him any ; but as he dis- 
sembles with me, so must I with him. Then to my 
business till night, and then came Mr. Mills, the min- 
ister, to see me, which he hath but rarely done to me, 
though every day almost to others of us \ but he is a 
cunning fellow, and knows where the good victuals is, 
and the good drink, at Sir W. Batten's. However, 
I used him civilly, though I love him as I do the rest 
of his coat. 

loth. Up by four o'clock, and before I went to the 
office I practised my arithmetique, and then, when my 
wife was up, did call her and Sarah, and did make up 
a difference between them, for she is so good a ser- 
vant as I am loth to part with her. So to the office 
all the morning, where very much business, but it vexes 
me to see so much disorder at our table, that, every 
man minding a several business, we dispatch nothing. 

nth. Up by four o'clock, and hard at my multi- 
plicacion-table, which I am now almost master of, and 
so made me ready and to my office, and then a mes- 
senger from Mr. Coventry, who stays in his boat at 
the Tower for us. So we to him, and down to Dept-* 
ford first, and there viewed some deales lately served 
in at a low price, which our officers, like knaves, would 

* They had been allowed to raise their houses. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 28/ 

untruly value in their worth, but we found them good. 
Then to Woolwich, and viewed well all the houses and 
stores there, which lie in very great confusion for want 
of storehouses. Then to the Ropeyarde, and there 
viewed the hempe, wherein we found great corruption. 
So by water back again. About five in the afternoon 
to Whitehall, and so to St. James's ; and at Mr. Cov- 
entry's chamber, which is very neat and fine, we had 
a pretty neat dinner, and after dinner fell to discourse 
of business and regulation, and do think of many 
things that will put matters into better order, and upon 
the whole my heart rejoices to see Mr. Coventry so 
ingenious, and able, and studious to do good, and with 
much frankness and respect to Mr. Pett and myself 
particularly. 

1 2th. Up by five o'clock, and put things in order 
to be laid up, against my workmen come on Monday 
to take down the top of my house. At night with 
Cooper at arithmetique. 

13th (Lord's day). To Deptford, on purpose to 
sign and seale a couple of warrants, as justice of peace 
in Kent, against one Annis, who is to be tried next 
Tuesday, at Maidstone assizes, for stealing some lead 
out of Woolwich Yarde. Come home I found a rab- 
bit at the fire, and so supped well, and so to my jour- 
nall and to my bed. 

14th. Up by 4 o'clock and to my arithmetique, and 
so to my office till 8, then to Thames Street along with 
old Mr. Green, among the tarr-men, and did instruct 
myself in the nature and prices of tarr, but could not 



288 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

get Stockholm for the use of the office under lo/. 15^-. 
per last, which is a great price. So home, and at 
noon Dr. T. Pepys to dinner, where by chance comes 
Mr. Pierce, the chymrgeon, and then Mr. Battersby, 
the minister, and then Mr. Dun, and it happened, that 
I had a haunch of venison boiled, and so they were 
very wellcome and merry ; but my simple Dr. do talk 
so like a fool that I am weary of him. 

15th. Up by 4 o'clock and to my office, and there 
busy till sitting time. So at the office and broke up 
late. In the evening comes Mr. Cooper, and I took 
him by water on purpose to tell me things belonging 
to ships, which was time well spent. About bedtime 
it fell a-raining, and the house being all open at top, it 
vexed me ; but there was no help for it. 

1 6th. In the morning I found all my ceilings spoiled 
with raine last night, so that I fear they must be all 
new whited when the work is done. To my office, 
and by and by came Mr. Moore to me, and so I went 
home and consulted about drawing up a fair state of 
all my Lord's accounts, which being settled, he went 
away. At noon to my Lord's with it, but found him 
at dinner, and some great company with him, Mr. 
Edward Montagu and his brother, and Mr. Coventry, 
and after dinner he went out with them, and so I lost 
my labour ; but dined with Mr. Moore and the people 
below, who after dinner fell to talk of Portugall rings, 
and Captain Ferrers offered five or six to sell, and I 
seeming to like a ring made of a coco-nutt with a stone 
done in it, he did offer and would give it me. This 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 289 

day I was told that my Lady Castlemaine (being quite 
fallen out with her husband) did yesterday go away 
from him, with all her plate, jewels, and other best 
things ; and is gone to Richmond to a brother of her's ; 
which, I am apt to think, was a design to get out of 
towne, that the King might come at her the better. 

1 7th. To my office, and by and by to our sitting ; 
where much business. Mr. Coventry took his leave, 
being to go with the Duke over for the Queene- 
Mother. 

1 8th. Up very early, and got a-top of my house, 
seeing the design of my work, and like it well, and it 
comes into my head to have my dining-room wains- 
coated, which will be very pretty. By-and-by by 
water to Deptford, to put several things in order, being 
myself now only left in towne, so to the office till night, 
and then comes Cooper for my mathematiques, but, 
in good earnest, my head is so full of business that I 
cannot understand it as otherwise I should do. 

19th. In the afternoon I went upon the river to 
look after some tarr I am sending down and some 
coles ; it raining hard upon the water, I put ashore 
and sheltered myself, while the King came by in his 
barge, going down towards the Downes to meet the 
Queene : the Duke being gone yesterday. But me- 
thought it lessened my esteem of a king, that he should 
not be able to command the rain. 

20th (Lord's day). My wife and I lay talking long 
in bed, and at last she is come to be willing to stay 
two months in the country. To dinner, we had a calf's 



20.0 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

head and bacon at my chamber at Sir W. Pen's, and 
there I and my wife concluded to have her go and her 
two mayds and the boy, and so there shall be none 
but Will and I left at home. At night to my office, 
and there put down this day's passages in my journall, 
and read my oathes, as I am obliged every Lord's 
day. 

2 1 St. Up early. I did take boat and down to 
Green^^^ch, to Captain Cocke's, who hath a most 
pleasant seat, and neat. Here I drank wine, and eat 
some fruit off the trees ; and he showed a great rarity, 
which was two or three of a great number of silver 
dishes and plates, which he bought of an embassador 
that did lack money, in the edge or rim of which was 
placed silver and gold medalls, very ancient, and I 
believe wrought, which, if they be, they are the greatest 
rarity that ever I saw in my life, and I will show Mr. 
Crumlum them. Thence to Woolwich to the Rope- 
yard ; and there looked over several sorts of hempe, 
and did fall upon my great survey of seeing the work- 
ing and experiments of the strength and the charge in 
tlie dressing of every sort ; and I do think have brought 
it to so great a certainty, as I have done the King 
great service in it : and do purpose to get it ready 
against the Duke's coming to towne to present to him. 
Thence to the docke, where we walked in Mr. Shel- 
den's garden, eating more fruit, and drinking, and eat- 
ing figs, which were very good, and talking while the 
Loyal James was bringing towards the docke, and then 
we went out and saw the manner and trouble of dock- 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 29 1 

ing such a ship, which yet they could not do, but only 
brought her head into the Docke, and so shored her 
up till next tide. But, good God ! what a deal of 
company was there from both yards to helpe to do it, 
when half the company would have done it as well. 
But I see it is impossible for the King to have things 
done as cheap as other men. 

2 2d. I had letters from the Downes from Mr. Cov- 
entry ; who tells me of the foul weather they had last 
Sunday, that drove them back from near Bologne, 
whither they were going for the Queene, back again 
to the Do^vnes, with the loss of their cables, sayles, and 
masts ; but are all safe, only my Lord Sandwich, who 
went before with the yachts ; they know not what is 
become of him, which do trouble me much; but I 
hope he got ashore before the storm begim; which 
God grant ! All day at the office, only at home at 
dinner, where I was highly angry with my wife for her 
keys being out of the way, but they were found at last, 
and so friends again. 

23rd. This morning angry a little, and my house 
being so much out of order makes me a little pettish. 
I went to the office, and there dispatched business by 
myself, and so again in the afternoon ; being a little 
vexed that my brother Tom, by his neglect, do fail 
to get a coach for my wife and mayde this week, by 
w^hich she will not be at Brampton Feast, to meet my 
Lady at my father's. Much disturbed, by reason of 
the talk up and downe the towne, that my Lord Sand- 
wich is lost ; but I trust in God the contrary. 



292 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

24th. I hear, to my great content, that my Lord 
Sandwich is safe landed in France. 

25 th. At the office all the morning, reading Mr. 
Holland's ^ discourse of the navy, lent me by Mr. 
Turner, and am much pleased with them, they hitting 
the very diseases of the Navy, which we are troubled 
with now-a-days. 

26th. I had a letter from Mr. Creed, who hath 
escaped narrowly in the King's yacht, and got safe to 
the Downes after the late storm ; and he says that 
there the King do tell him, that he is sure my Lord is 
landed in CaUis safe, of which being glad, I sent news 
thereof to my Lord Crew, and by the post to my Lady 
into the country. This afternoon I went to Westmin- 
ster; and there hear that the King and Queene in- 
tend to come to White Hall from Hampton Court 
next week, for all winter. Thence to Mrs. Sarah,^ and 
there looked over my Lord's lodgings, which are very 
pretty ; and White Hall garden and the Bowling-ally 
(where lords and ladies are now at bowles), in brave 
condition. Mrs. Sarah told me how the falling out 
between my Lady Castlemaine and her Lord was about 
christening of the child ^ lately, which he would have, 
and had done by a priest : and, some days after, she 
had it again christened by a minister ; the King, and 



^ John Holland, whose work is in the British Museum. 

2 Lord Sandwich's housekeeper. 

3 The first son whom Lady Castlemaine bore to Charles II. was Charles 
Fitzroy, born in June, 1662, and afterwards created Duke of Southamp- 
ton. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 293 

Lord of Oxford,' and Duchesse of Suffolk,^ being wit- 
nesses : and christened with a proviso, that it had not 
already been christened. Since that she left her Lord, 
carrying away every thing in the house ; so much as 
every dish, and cloth, and servant but the porter. He 
is gone discontented into France, they say, to enter a 
monastery ; and now she is coming back again to her 
house in King-streete. But I hear that the Queene 
did prick her out of the hst presented her by the King ; 
desiring that she might have that favour done her, or 
that he would send her from whence she come : and 
that the King was angry and the Queene discontented 
a whole day and night upon it ; but that the King hath 
promised to have nothing to do with her hereafter. 
But I cannot beheve that the King can fling her off so, 
he loving her too well : and so I writ this night to my 
Lady to be my opinion : she calling her my lady, and 
the lady I admire. Here I find that my Lord hath 
lost the garden to his lodgings, and that it is turning 
into a tennis-court. 

27th (Lord's day). I to walk in the Parke, which 
is now every day more and more pleasant, by the new 
works upon it. Here meeting with Laud Crispe, I 
took him to the further end, and sat under a tree in a 
comer, and there sung some songs. 

1 Aubrey de Vere, twentieth and last Earl of Oxford. Ob. 1702-3, s, p. 

2 There was no Duchess of Suffolk at this time ; the lady meant must have 
been Barbara, eldest daughter of Sir Edward Villiers, widow of Richard 
Wenman, eldest son of Philip, third Viscount Wenman, an Irish peer, and 
second wife of James Howard, third Earl of Suffolk. She was Mistress of 
the Robes to the Queeii, who might well feel annoyed at her own servant 



294 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

28th. Up early, and by six o'clock, after my wife 
was ready, I walked with her to the George, at Hol- 
bome Conduit,' where the coach stood ready to carry 
her and her mayde to Bugden : so I took a troubled 
though willing good-bye, because of the bad condition 
of my house to have a family in it. Walked to the 
water-side, and there took boat for the Tower ; hear- 
ing that the Queene-Mother is come this morning 
already as high as Woolwich : and that my Lord 
Sandwich was with her ; at which my heart was glad. 
So home all alone to dinner, and then to the office, 
and in the evening Cooper comes, and he being gone, 
to my chamber a little troubled and melancholy, to my 
lute, and so to bed. Will lying there at my feet. 

29th. Early up, and brought all my money, which is 
near 300/., out of my house into this chamber ; and 
so to the office, and there we sat all the morning, Sir 
George Carteret and Mr. Coventry being come from 
sea. This morning among other things I broached 
the business of our being abused about flags, which I 
know doth trouble Sir W. Batten, but I care not. To 
the office again, and in the evening walked to Dept- 
ford (Cooper with me talking of mathematiques), to 

being selected for the office of sponsor to the King's base-born son. Lady 
Castlemaine was niece to Lady Suffolk, who perhaps had been her godmother, 
as they both bore the same christian name. 

' " The Fleet (the river so called from its rapid current) next directed its 
course past Bagnigge Weils, &c., and Saffron Hill and so to the bottom of 
Holborn. Here it received the water of the Old Bourne (whence the name 
Holbom), which rose near Middle Row, and the channel of which forms the 
sewer of Holborn Hill to this day." — Avmer, Introduction to the ChrO' 
tuques de London, p. xii. Camden Society, 1844. (i\L B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 295 

send a fellow to prison for cutting of buoy ropes, and 
to see the difference between the flags sent in now- 
a-days, and I find the old ones, which were much 
cheaper, to be wholly as good. So I took one of a 
sort with me, and Mr. Wayth accompanying of me 
a good way, talking of the faults of the Navy, I walked 
to Redriffe back, and so home by water. 

30th. Up early, and to my office, where Cooper 
came to me and begim his lecture upon the body of a 
ship, which my having of a modell in the office is of 
great use to me, and very pleasant and useful it is. 
By water to White Hall, and there waited upon my 
Lord Sandwich ; and joyed him, at his lodgings, of his 
safe coming home after all his danger, which he con- 
fesses to be very great. And his people do tell me 
how bravely my Lord did carry himself, while my Lord 
Crofts ' did cry ; and I perceive it is all the town talk 
how poorly he carried himself. But the best was of 
one Mr. Rawlins,^ a courtier, that was with my Lord ; 
and in the greatest danger cried, " My Lord, I won't 
give you three-pence for your place now." But all 
ends in the honour of the pleasure-boats ; which, had 
they not been very good boats, they could never have 
endured the sea as they did. Thence with Captain 
Fletcher, of the Gage, to Woolwich, expecting to find 



1 William Crofts, created Baron Crofts of Saxham in Suffolk, 1658, and 
died s. p. 1677. 

2 Giles Rawlings occurs in an old household book of James Duke of York, 
at Audley End, as Gentleman of the Privy Purse to his Royal Highness, with 
a salary of ;^4oo per annum. See 19th August, /^j/. 



296 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

Sir W. Batten there upon his survey, but he is not 
come, and so we got a dish of steaks at the White 
Hart, while his clarkes and others were feasting of it 
in the best room of the house, and after dinner play- 
ing at shuffleboard,' and when at last they heard I was 
there, they went about their survey. But God help the 
King ! what surveys shall be taken after this manner ! 
I after dinner about my business to the Rope-yard, 
and there staid till night, repeating several trialls of 
the strength, wayte, waste, and other things of hempe, 
by which I have furnished myself enough to finish my 
intended business of stating the goodness of all sorts 
of hempe. At night home by boat with Sir W. 
Warren. 

31st. At noon Mr. Coventry and I by his coach to 
the Exchange together ; and in Lumbard-streete met 
Captain Browne of the Rosebush : at which he was 
cruel angry; and did threaten to go to-day to the 
Duke at Hampton Court, and get him turned out 



» Shuffleboard, called also " shovel-board, shove-board, shove-groat." A 
game which consisted in pushing or shaking pieces of money on a board to 
reach certain marks. The board had lines or divisions, according to the value 
of which the player counted his game. It was played at one time with silver 
groats, and thence had its name; afterwards with a smooth shilling, but still 
retaining its name of shove-groat. 

" Quoit him down, Bardolph, like a shove-groat shilling." 

Shakespeare, 2 Henry IV., act ii. sc. 4. 

" Seven groats in mill-sixpences, and two Edward shovel-boards, that cost 
me two shillings and twopence apiece." 

Merry Wives of Windsor, act i. sc. 1 . 

Edward the Sixth's shillings were then for the most part used at shove- 
board. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL FEPYS. 297 

because he was not sailed. So took boat to Billings- 
gate, and went down on board the Rosebush at Wool- 
wich, and found all things out of order, but after 
frightening the officers there, we left them to make 
more haste, and so on shore to the yarde, and did the 
same to the officers of the yarde, that the ship is not 
dispatched. Here we found Sir W. Batten going 
about his survey, but so poorly and unlike a survey 
of the Navy, that I am ashamed of it, and so is Mr. 
Coventry. So home late, and it being the last day of 
the month, I did make up my accounts before I went 
to bed, and found myself worth about 650/., for which 
the Lord God be praised, and so to bed. I drank 
but two glasses of wine this day, and yet it makes my 
head ake all night, and indisposed me all the next day, 
of which I am glad. I am now in towne only with 
my man Will and Jane, and because my house is in 
building, I do He at Sir W. Pen's house, he being gone 
to Ireland. My wife, her mayde, and boy gone to 
Brampton. I am very well entered into the business 
and esteem of the office, and do ply it close, and find 
benefit by it. 

August I St. Up, my head akeing, and to my office, 
where Cooper read me another lecture upon my mod- 
ell very pleasant. So to my business all the morning, 
which increases by people coming now to me to the 
office. 

2nd. Up early, and got me ready in my riding 
clothes, and took boat with Will, and down to Green- 
wich, where Captain Cocke not being at home I was 



298 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

vexed, and went to walk in the Park till he came 
thither to me : and Will's forgetting to bring my boots 
in the boat did also vex me, for I was forced to send 
the boat back againe for them. I to Captain Cocke's 
along with him to dinner, where I find his lady still 
pretty, but not so good a humour as I thought she was. 
We had a plain, good dinner, and I see they do live 
very frugally. I eat among other fruit much mulber- 
rys, a thing I have not eat of these many years, since 
I used to be at Ashted,i at my cozen Pepys's. After 
dinner we to boat, and had a pleasant passage down 
to Gravesend, but it was nine o'clock before we got 
thither, so that we were in great doubt what to do, 
whether to stay there or no ; and the rather because 
I was afeard to ride, because of my paine ; but at the 
Swan, finding Mr. Hempson and Lieutenant Carteret 
of the Foresight come to meet me, I borrowed Mr. 
Hempson's horse, and he took another, and so we 
rode to Rochester in the dark. So after a glass of 
wine, we to our barge, that was ready for me, to the 
Hill-house, where we soon went to bed, before we 
slept I telling, upon discourse with Captain Cocke, the 
manner of my being cut of the stone, which pleased 
him much. So to sleep. 

3rd (Lord's day). Up early, and with Captain 
Cocke to the dock-yard, a fine walk, and fine weather. 
Where we walked till Commissioner Pett came to us, 
and took us to his house, and showed us his garden 

* A village near Epsom. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL FEFYS. 299 

and fine things, and did give us a fine breakfast of 
bread and butter, and sweetmeats and other things 
with great choice, and strong drinks, with which I 
could not avoyde making my head ake, though I 
drank but httle. Thence by and by to church, by 
coach, with the Commissioner, and had a dull ser- 
mon. A full church, and some pretty women in it ; 
among others, Beck Allen, who was a bride-mayde to 
a new married couple that cam.e to church to-day, 
and, which was pretty strange, sat in a pew hung 
with mourning for a mother of the bride's, which 
methinks should have been taken down. After dinner 
to church again, where quite weary, and so with the 
Commissioner to his house, and had a syllabub, and 
saw his closet, which came short of what I expected, 
but there were fine modells of ships in it indeed, 
whose worth I could not judge of. So to supper, 
and so Captain Cocke and I to bed. Among other 
stories he told me how despicable a thing it is to be 
a hangman in Poland, although it be a place of credit. 
And that, in his time, there was some repairs to be 
made of the gallows there, which was very fine of 
stone ; but nobody could be got to mend it till the 
Burgo-master, or Mayor of the towne, with all the 
companies of those trades which were necessary to 
be used about those repairs, did go in their habits 
with flags, in solem^n procession to the place, and 
there the Burgo-master did give the first blow with 
the hammer upon the wooden work ; and the rest of 
the Masters of the Com.panys upon the w^crks belong- 



3CX) DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

ing to their trades; that so workmen might not be 
ashamed to be employed upon doing of the gallows' 
works. 

4th. Up by four o'clock in the morning and 
walked to the Docke, where Commissioner Pett and 
I took barge and went to the guardships and mus- 
tered them, finding them but badly manned. Thence 
to the Charles, and were troubled to see her kept so 
neglectedly ; thence to Upnor Castle, and there went 
up to the top, where there is a fine prospect, but of 
very small force ; so to the yarde, and there mustered 
the whole ordinary, where great disorder by multitude 
of servants and old decrepid men, which must be 
remedied. So took barge at the docke and to Roch- 
ester, and there took coach about 8 at night and to 
Gravesend, where it was very dark before we got 
thither to the Swan ; and there, meeting with Don- 
caster, an old waterman of mine above bridge, we 
eat a short supper, being very merry with the drolling, 
drunken coachman that brought us, and so took 
water. It being very dark, and the wind rising, and 
our waterman unacquainted with this part of the 
river, so that we presently cast upon the Essex shoare, 
but got off again, and so, as well as we could, went 
on, but I in such feare that I could not sleep till 
we came to Erith, and there it begun to be calme, 
and the stars to shine, and so I began to take heart 
again, and the rest too, and so made shift to slumber 
a little. Above Woolwich we lost our way, and went 
back to Blackwall, and up and down, being guided 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 3OI 

by nothing but the barking of a dog, which we had 
observed in passing by Blackwall, and so, 

5th. Got right again with much ado, after two or 
three circles and so on, and at Greenwich set in Cap- 
tain Cocke, and I set forward, haiUng to all the King's 
ships at Deptford, but could not wake any man : so 
that we could have done what we would with their 
ships. At last waked one man; but it was a mer- 
chant ship, the Royall Catharine : so to the Tower- 
docke and home, where the girle sat up for me. 
It was about three o'clock, and putting Mr. Boddam 
out of my bed, went to bed, and lay till nine o'clock, 
and so the office, where we sat all the morning, 
Dined alone at home, and was glad my house is 
begun tiling. 

6th. By water to ^Vhite Hall ; and so to St. James's ; 
but there found Mr. Coventry gone to Hampton 
Court. So to my Lord's ; and he is also gone : this 
being a great day at the Council about some business 
before the King. Here Mr. Pierce, the chyrurgeon, 
told me how Mr. Edward Montagu hath lately had a 
duell with Mr. Cholmely,' that is first gentleman-usher 



^ Hugh Cholmeley, afterwards the third baronet of that name; he was 
the second son of Sir Hugh Cholmeley, of Whitby (governor of Scarborough 
for Charles I.), whose autobiography has been printed. This Hugh suc- 
ceedec^ his nephew of the same name, who died a minor in June, 1665, after 
which date Pepys speaks of him by his title. In February, 1666, he married 
Lady Anne Compton, eldest daughter of Spencer, Earl of Northampton. 
He was afterwards, for some years, governor of Tangier, of which he pub- 
lished an account. He died gth January, 1688. He was descended from a 
younger branch of that great family of Egertons and Cholmondeleys, of all 
of whom Sir Philip M. Grey Egerton is the head. 



302 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

to the Queene, and was a messenger from the King 
to her in Portugall, and is a fine gentleman ; but had 
received many affronts from Mr. Montagu, and some 
unkindness from my Lord, upon his score (for which 
I am sorry) . He proved too hard for Montagu, and 
drove him so far backward that he fell into a ditch, 
and dropt his sword, but with honour would take no 
advantage over him ; but did give him his life : and 
the world says Mr. Montagu did carry himself very 
poorly in the business, and hath lost his honour for 
ever with all people in it, of which I am very glad, 
in hopes that it will humble him. I hear also that 
he hath sent to my Lord to borrow 400/., giving his 
brother Harvey's ' security for it, and that my Lord 
will lend it him, for which I am sorry. This after- 
noon Mr. Waith was with me, and did tell me much 
concerning the Chest, which I am resolved to look 
into ; and I perceive he is sensible of Sir W. Batten's 
carriage ; and is pleased to see any thing work against 
him. 

7th. Up by four o'clock and to my office, and by 
and by Mr. Cooper comes and to our modell, which 
pleases me more and more. This morning I got un- 
expectedly the Reserve for Mr. Cooper to be maister 
of, which was only by taking an opportune time to 
motion it, which is one good effect of my being con- 
stant at the office, that nothing passes without me ; 
and I have the choice of my own time to propose 

^ Sir D. Harvey married Mr. Montagu's sister. See October loth, 1661. 
(M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 303 

anything I would have. Dined at home, and to the 
office again, it being become a pleasure to me now- 
a-days to follow my business, and the greatest part 
may be imputed to my drinking no wine, and going 
to no plays. 

8th. Up by four o'clock in the morning, and at five 
by water to Woolwich, there to see the manner of 
tarring, and all the morning looking to see the several 
proceedings in making of cordage, and other things 
relating to that sort of works, much to my satisfaction. 
At noon came Mr. Coventry on purpose from Hamp- 
ton Court to see the same, and dined with Mr. 
Falconer, and after dinner to several experiments of 
Hempe. Thence we walked talking very good dis- 
course all the way to Greenwich, and I do find most 
excellent discourse from him. Among other things, 
his rule of suspecting every man that proposes any 
thing to him to be a knave ; or, at least, to have some 
ends of his owti in it. Being led thereto by the 
story of Sir John Millicent,^ that would have had a 
patent from King James for every man to have had 
leave to have given him a shilling ; and that he might 
take it of every man that had a mind to give it, and 
being answered that that was a fair thing, but what 
needed he a patent for it, and what he would do to 
them that would not give him. He answered, he 
would not force them ; but that they should come to 
the Council of State, to give a reason why they would 

* He is dcsciibed in the Baronetages as of Bar ham, in Cambridgeshire. 



304 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

not. Another rule is a proverb that he hath been 
taught, which is that a man that cannot sit still in his 
chamber (the reason of which I did not understand 
him), and he that cannot say no (that is, that is of so 
good a nature that he cannot deny any thing, or cross 
another in doing any thing), is not fit for business. 
The last of which is a very great fault of mine, which 
I must amend. Thence by boat; I being hot, he 
put the skirt of his cloake about me ; and it being 
rough, he told me the passage of a Frenchman through 
London Bridge, ^ where, when he saw the great fall, 
he begun to cross himself and say his prayers in the 
greatest fear in the world, and soon as he was over, 
he swore " Morbleu ! c'est le plus grand plaisir du 
monde," being the most like a French humour in the 
world. To Deptford, and there surprised the Yarde, 
and called them to a muster, and discovered many 
abuses, which we shall be able to understand hereafter 
and amend. Thence walked to Redriffe, and so to 
London Bridge, where I parted with him, and walked 
home and did a little business, and to supper and to 
bed. 



I When the first editions of this " Diary " were printed no note was re- 
quired here. Before the erection of the present London Bridge, the fall of 
water at the ebb tide was great, and to pass at that time was called " Shoot- 
ing the bridge." It was very hazardous for small boats. The ancient mode, 
even in Henry VIII. 's time, of going to the Tower and Greenwich, was to 
land at the Three Cranes, in Upper Thames Street, suffer the barges to shoot 
the bridge, and to enter them again at Billingsgate. See Cavendish's " WoU 
sey," p. 40, edit. 1852; Life of the Duke of Somerset in Fox's " Acts," vol. 
vi. p. 293; "Life of Bp. Hall," in Wordsworth's "Eccl. Biog.," iv. 318, 
edit. 1853. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 305 

9th. Up by four o'clock or a little after, and to my 
office, whither by and by comes Cooper, and did a 
good morning's work upon the rigging. By and by 
comes Mr. Coventry, and he and I alone sat at the 
office all the morning upon business. And so to 
dinner to Trinity House, and thence by his coach 
towards White Hall ; but there being a stop at the 
Savoy,' we light and took water, and my Lord Sand- 
wich being out of towne, we parted there, all the way 
having good discourse, and in short I find him the 
most ingenuous person I ever found in my life, and 
am happy in his acquaintance and my interest in him. 
Home by water, and did business at my office. Writ- 
ing to my brother John to dissuade him from being 
Moderator of his year, which I hear is proffered him, 
of which I am very glad. By and by comes Cooper, 
and he and I by candlelight at my modell, being 
willing to learn as much of him as is possible before 
he goes. 

loth (Lord's day). Being to dine at my brother's, 
I walked to St. Dunstan's, the church being now fin- 
ished ; and here I heard Dr. Bates,^ who made a most 
eloquent sermon ; and I am sorry I have hitherto had 
so low an opinion of the man, for I have not heard a 
neater sermon a great while, and more to my content. 
So to Tom's, where Dr. Fairebrother, newly come 
from Cambridge, met me, and Dr. Thomas Pepys. 

^ The Savoy Palace in the Strand, a considerable part of which existed so 
lately as 1816. 

2 Dr. Bates, a celebrated Nonconformist divine. 



306 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

I framed myself as pleasant as I could, but my mind 
was another way. Hither came my uncle Fenner, 
hearing that I was here. He told me the new service- 
booke I (which is now lately come forth) was laid 
upon their deske at St. Sepulchre's for Mr. Gouge* 
to read ; but he laid it aside, and would not meddle 
with it : and I perceive the Presbyters do all prepare 
to give over all against Bartholomewtide. Mr. Her- 
ring, being lately turned out at St. Bride's, did read 
the psalme to the people while they sung at Dr. 
Bates's, which methought is a strange tum.3 After 
dinner to St. Bride's, and there heard one Carpenter, 
an old man, who, they say, hath been a Jesuite priest, 
and is come over to us ; but he preaches very well. 
So home, and hear that Mr. Calamy hath taken his 
farewell this day of his people, and that others will 
do so the next Sunday. Mr. Turner,-* the draper, I 
hear, is knighted, made Alderman, and pricked for 
Sheriffe, with Sir Thomas Bluddel,5 for the next year, 
by the King, and so are called with great honour the 
King's Sheriffes. 

^ The Common Prayer Book now in use. One of the sealed books, 
appointed by the Act of Uniformity, is still preserved in the Tower of 
London. 

2 Thomas Gouge, an eminent Presbyterian minister, who had the church 
of St. Sepulchre during the Commonwealth, and abandoned it on the Act of 
Uniformity coming into force. There is an account of him in Calamy's 
" Lives of the Ejected Ministers," 8vo, 1713. 

3 A practice still obtains amongst the Dissenters of reading the psalm or 
hymn to be sung, two lines at a time. 

4 Sir William Turner, Lord Mayor of London, 1669. 

5 A mistake for Bludworth, who had been Colonel of the Orange Regi. 
ment of the trained bands, and Lord Mayor in 1666. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL FEFYS. 307 

nth. All the morning at the office. Dean Fuller 
came to see me, and so to the Dolphin taveme, 
where I spent 6d. on him, but drank but one glass 
of wine, and so parted. He tells me that his niece, 
that sings so well, whom I have long longed to see, 
is married to one Mr. Boys, a wholesayle man at the 
Three Crowns in Cheapside. I to the office again, 
whither Cooper came and read his last lecture to me 
upon my modell, and so bid me good bye, he being to 
go to-morrow to Chatham to take charge of the ship I 
have got him. So to my business till 9 at night, and 
so to supper and to bed, my mind a Httle at ease 
because my house is now quite tiled. 

1 2th. Up early at my office, and I find all people 
beginning to come to me. Among others Mr. Deane, 
the Assistant of Woolwich, who I find will discover 
to me the whole abuse that his Majesty suffers in the 
measuring of timber, of which I shall be glad. By 
and by we sat, and among other things Sir W. Batten 
and I had a difference about his clerk's making a 
warrant for a Maister, which I would not suffer, but 
got another signed, which he desires may be referred 
to a full board, and I am willing to it. 

13th. Up early, and to my office. By and by we 
met on purpose to enquire into the business of the 
flag-makers, where I am the person that do chiefly 
manage the business against them on the King's part ; 
and I do find it the greatest cheat that I have yet 
found ; they having eightpence per yard allowed them 
by pretence of a contract, where no such thing ap- 



3C8 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

pears ; and it is threepence more than was formerly 
paid, and than I now offer the Board to have them 
done. To Lambeth ; and there saw the Httle pleas- 
ure-boat in building by the King, my Lord Brunkard,^ 
and the virtuosoes of the towne, according to new 
lines, which Mr. Pett cries up mightily, but how it 
will prove we shall soon see. So by water home, 
and busy at my study late, drawing a letter to the 
yards of reprehension and direction for the board to 
sign, in which I took great pains. So home and 
to bed. 

14th. Commissioner Pett and I being invited, went 
by Sir John Winter's coach sent for us, to the Miter, 
in Fanchurch-street, to a venison-pasty; where I 
found him a very worthy man ; and good discourse. 
Most of which was concerning the Forest of Deane, 
and the timber there, and iron-workes with their great 
antiquity, and the vast heaps of cinders which they 
find, and are now of great value, being necessary for 
the making of iron at this day; and without which 
they cannot work : with the age of many trees there 
left at a great fall in Edward the Third's time, by the 
name of forbid-trees, which at this day are called 
vorbid trees. 

15 th. Up very early, and up about seeing how my 

I William, second Lord Brouncker, Viscount of Castle Lyons; created 
M.D. in 1642, at Oxford: Keeper of the Great Seal to the Queen; a Com- 
missioner of the Admiralty ; and Master of St. Catherine's Hospital. He 
was a man of considerable talents, and some years President of the Royal 
Society. Ob. 1684, aged 64, There is a fine portrait of him by Lely, at 
Lord Lyttleton's, at Hagley. St&post, 24th March, 1667. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 309 

work proceeds, and am pretty well pleased therewith ; 
especially my wife's closet will be very pretty. At 
noon to the Change, and there hear of some Quakers 
that are seized on, that would have blown up the 
prison in Southwarke where they are put. So to the 
Swan, in Old Fish Streete, where Mr. Brigden and his 
father-in-law, Blackbury, of whom we had bought 
timber in the office, but have not dealt well with us, 
did make me a fine dinner only to myself; and after 
dinner comes in a jugler, which shewed us very pretty 
tricks. I seemed very pleasant, but am no friend to 
the man's dealings with us in the office. I went 
to Paul's Church Yard to my bookseller's ; and there 
I hear that next Sunday will be the last of a great 
many Presbyterian ministers in towne, who, I hear, 
wall give up all. I pray God the issue may be good, 
for the discontent is great. My mind well pleased 
with a letter that I found at home from Mr. Coventry, 
expressing his satisfaction in a letter I writ last night, 
and sent him this morning, to be corrected by him in 
order to its sending down to all the Yards as a charge 
to them. 

17th (Lord's day). Up very early, this being the 
last Sunday that the Presbyterians are to preach, unless 
they read the new Common Prayer and renounce the 
Covenant, and so I had a mind to hear Dr. Bates's 
farewell sermon ; and so walked to St. Dunstan's, 
where, it not being seven o'clock yet, the doors were 
not open ; and so I went and walked an hour in the 
Temple-garden, reading my vows, which it is a great 



3IO DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

content to me to see how I am a changed man in all 
respects for the better, since I took them, which the 
God of Heaven continue to me, and make me thank- 
ful for. At eight o'clock I went, and crowded in at 
a back door among others, the church being half-full 
almost before any doors were open publicly ; which is 
the first time that I have done so these many years 
since I used to go with my father and mother, and so 
got into the gallery, beside the pulpit, and heard very 

well. His text was, " Now the God of Peace ; " 

the last Hebrews, and the 20th verse : he making a 
very good sermon, and very little reflections in it to 
any thing of the times. Besides the sermon, I was 
very well pleased with the sight of a fine lady that I 
have often seen walk in Graye's Inn Walks, and it was 
my chance to meet her again at the door going out, 
and very pretty and sprightly she is. So to Madam 
Turner's, and dined with her. She had heard Parson 
Herring take his leave ; tho' he, by reading so much 
of the Common Prayer as he did, hath cast himself 
out of the good opinion of both sides. After dinner 
to St. Dunstan's again ; and the church quite crowded 
before I came, which was just at one o'clock ; but I 
got into the gallery again, but stood in a crowd. He ' 
pursued his text again very well ; and only at the con- 
clusion told us, after this manner : " I do beUeve that 
many of you do expect that I should say something 
to you in reference to the time, this being the last 

» Dr. Bates. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 3II 

time that possibly I may appear here. You know it is 
not my manner to speak any thing in the pulpit that 
is extraneous to my text and business ; yet this I shall 
say, that it is not my opinion, fashion, or humour that 
keeps me from complying with what is required of 
us ; but something which, after much prayer, discourse, 
and study yet remains unsatisfied, and commands me 
herein. Wherefore, if it is my unhappinesse not to 
receive such an illuminacion as should direct me to do 
otherwise, I know no reason why men should not par- 
don me in this world, and am confident that God will 
pardon me for it in the next." And so he concluded. 
Parson Herring read a psalme and chapters before ser- 
mon ; and one was the chapter in the Acts, where the 
story of Ananias and Sapphira is. And after he had 
done, says he, "This is just the case of England at 
present. God he bids us to preach, and men bid us 
rot to preach ; and if we do, we are to be imprisoned 
and further punished. All that I can say to it is, that 
I beg your prayers, and the prayer of all good Chris- 
tians, for us." This was all the exposition he made 
of the chapter in these very words, and no more. I 
was much pleased with Dr. Bates's manner of bringing 
in the Lord's Prayer after his owne ; thus, " In whose 
comprehensive words we sum up all our imperfect 
desires ; saying, * Our Father,' " &c. I hear most of 
the Presbyters took their leaves to-day, and that the 
City is much dissatisfied with it. I pray God keep 
peace among us, and make the Bishops careful of 
bringing in good men in their rooms, or else all will 



312 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

fly a-pieces ; for bad ones will not go down with the 
City. 

1 8th. Up very early, and up upon my house to see 
how work goes on, which do please me very well. So 
about seven o'clock took horse and rode to Bowe, and 
there staid at the King's Head, and eat a breakfast of 
eggs till Mr. Deane ^ of Woolwich came, and he and 
I rid into Waltham Forest, and there we saw many 
trees of the King's a-hewing ; and he showed me the 
whole mystery of off square,^ wherein the King is 



^ Anthony Deane, afterwards knighted and M. P. for Harwich; a Com- 
missioner of the Navy, 1672. 

2 Off-square is evidently a mistake, in the shorthand MS., for half- 
square, which is explained by the following extract from W. Leybourn's 
" Complete Surveyor," 3rd edit., London, 1674, folio: — 

" Before I proceed, I must needs detect one grand and too common an 
error; for most artificers, when they meet with squared timber, whose breadth 
and depth are unequal, they usually add the breadth and depth together, and 
take the half for a mean square, and so proceed. This, indeed, though it be 
always an error, yet it is not so great when the difference of the breadth and 
depth is not much; but, if the difference be great, the error is very obnoxious 
either to buyer or seller, I will instance in one example : — 

" Let a piece of timber be 2 foot 24 parts broad, and i foot 30 parts deep, 
and 26 foot long: how many foot are contained therein? 

" First for the true way: — 

" I, As I is to 2*24 parts, the breadth, so is 1*30 parts, the depth, to 3*92 
parts, the content at the end. 

" 2. As I is to 2*92, so is 26, the length, to 56"07, the content, which is 
56 foot and about an inch. 

•' Now for the customary false way : — 

The breadth of the piece is 2*24 

The depth thereof is 1*30 

Their sum is 3"54 

The half sum is i"77 

And this 1-77 parts they take for the true square, which is egregiously false; 
for now come to the line of numbers, and say : — 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 313 

abused in the timber that he buys, which I shall with 
much pleasure be able to correct. After we had been 
a good while in the wood, we rode to Illford, and there, 
while dinner was getting ready, he and I practised 
measuring of the tables and other things till I did 
understand measure of timber and board very well. 
So to dinner and by and by, being sent for, comes 
Mr. Cooper, our officer in the Forest, and did give 
me an account of things there, and how the country 
is backward to come in with their carts. While I am 
here. Sir W. Batten passed by in his coach, homewards 
from Colchester, where he had been seeing his son-in- 
law, Lemon, that lies a-dying, but I would take no 
notice of him, but let him go. By and by I rode to 
Barking, and there saw the place where they ship this 
timber for Woolwich ; and so Deane and I home again, 
and parted at Bowe, and I home just before a great 
showTe of rayne, as God would have it. I find Deane 

" I. As I is to i'77 parts, so is 1*77 parts to 3'i3 parts. 

" 2. As I is to 3" 13 parts, so is 26, the length, to 81 "45 parts, that is to 81 
foot and almost half a foot, whereas, by the true way, it contains but 56 foot 
and '07 parts. The difference in this piece being 25 foot and above one-third 
part of a foot, which is above half a load of timber, and timber being at 50J. 
or ;^3 per load, here is 25J. or 30J. lost by the buyer, and gained by the seller; 
a considerable fallacy to buy one load, and pay for above a load and a half. 
But if people will be deceived, let them be deceived." 

It is to be hoped that Pepys carried out his intention of putting an end to 
the nefarious practice of cheating the King in the purchase of timber. He 
speaks of it in good faith, and his term, mystery, simply implies his ignorance 
of the art of measuring. With regard to Sir William Warren, the case was 
probably different: he made large presents to Pepys, and confesses that he 
perjured himself before the Committee of the House of Commons in conceal- 
ing the fact. Frauds in the supply of timber for the use of the Navy have 
been common subjects of complaint at a much later period. 



314 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

a pretty able man, and able to do the King service ; 
but, I think, more out of envy to the rest of the officers 
of the yarde, of whom he complains much, than true 
love, more than others, to the service. He would fain 
seem a modest man, and yet will commend his own 
work and skill, and vie with other persons, especially 
the Petts, but I let him alone to hear all he will say. 

19th. Up betimes and to see how my work goes 
on. Then Mr. Creed came to me, and he and I 
walked an houre or two till 8 o'clock in the garden. 
Among other things he tells me that my Lord has put 
me into Commission with himself and many noble- 
men and others for Tangier, which, if it be, is not only 
great honour, but may be of profit too, and I am very 
glad of it. By and by to sit at the office ; and Mr. 
Coventry did tell us of the duell between Mr. Jermyn,^ 
nephew to my Lord St. Alban's, and Colonel Giles 
Rawlins,2 the latter of whom is killed, and the first 
mortally wounded, as it is thought. They fought 
against Captain Thomas Howard,^ my Lord Carlisle's 

^ He became Baron Jermyn on the death of his uncle, the Earl of St. 
Alban's, 1683; and died unmarried, 1703. 

2 See July 30, 1662, atite. 

3 " Aug. 18, 1662. Capt. Thomas Howard, the Earl of Carlisle's brother, 
and the Lord Dillon's son, a Colonel, met with Mr. Giles Rawlings, privy 
purse to the D. of York, and Mr. Jermyn, the Earl of St. Albans's nephew. 
. . . There had been a slight quarrel betwixt them, and as they, Rawlings 
and Jermyn, came from tennis, these two drew at them, and then Col. Dillon 
killed this Mr. Rawlings dead upon the spot. Mr. Jermyn was left for dead. 
This Capt. Howard was unfortunate since the return of his Majy, in killing 
a horse-courser man in St. Giles. Mr. Rawlings was much lamented; he 
lived in a very handsome state, six horses in his coach, three footmen, &c. 
Oct. Capt. Thomas Howard, and Lord Dillon's son, both of them fled about 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 315 

brother, and another unknown ; ^ who, they say, had 
armor on that they could not be hurt, so that one of 
their swords went up to the hilt against it. They had 
horses ready, and are fled. But what is most strange, 
Howard sent one challenge, but they could not meet, 
and then another, and did meet yesterday at the old 
Pall Mall at St. James's, and he would not to the last 
tell Jermyn what the quarrel 2 was ; nor do any body 
know. The Court is much concerned in this fray, and 
I am glad of it ; hoping that it will cause some good 
laws against it. After sitting, Sir G. Carteret did tell 
me how he had spoke of me to my Lord Chancellor, 
and that if my Lord Sandwich would ask my Lord 
Chancellor, he should know what he had said of me 
to him to my advantage, of which I am very glad, and 
do not doubt that all things will grow better and better 



the killing of Mr. Giles Rawlings; but after a quarter of a year they came 
into England, and were acquitted by law." — Rugge's Diurnal. Capt. 
Howard afterwards married the Duchess of Richmond. 

' Lord Dillon's son, apparently Charles, eldest son of James, fourth Vis- 
count Dillon. He had served abroad, and died, unmarried, before his father. 
It may have been from feelings caused by this duel that one of his younger 
brothers, Rupert, whilst Page of Honour to Charles H., "being from his 
address and figure considered an object of envy, was set upon," says the 
pedigree, " by the other pages, and slain in the Palace Yard." — Lodge, iv. 
189. 

2 Hamilton gives the following account of the duel, which arose from 
rivalry between Howard and Jermyn about Lady Shrewsbury: — "Jermyn 
prit pour second, Giles Rawlings, homme de bonne fortune, et gros joueur. 
Howard se servit de Dillon, adroit et brave, fort honnete homme, et par mal- 
heur intime ami de Rawlings. Dans ce combat, la fortune ne fut point pour 
les favoris de I'amour. Le pauvre Rawlings y fut tud tout roide, et Jermyn, 
perce de trois coups d'dp^e, fut port^ chez son oncle, avec fort peu de signes 
de vie." — Mim. de Grammont. 



3l6 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

every day for me. Dined at home alone, then to my 
office, and there till late at night doing business, and 
so home, eat a bit, and to bed. 

20th. To my Lord Sandwich, whom I found in bed. 
Among other talk, he do tell me that he hath put me 
into commission with a great many great persons in 
the business of Tangier, which is a very great honour 
to me, and may be of good concernment to me. By 
and by comes in Mr. Coventry to us, whom my Lord 
tells that he is also put into the commission, and that 
I am there, of which he said he was glad ; and did 
tell my Lord that I was indeed the life of this office, 
and much more to my commendation beyond meas- 
ure. And that, whereas before he did bear me respect 
for his sake, he do do it now much more for my 
own ; which is a great blessing to me. Sir G. Carte- 
ret having told me what he did yesterday concerning 
his speaking to my Lord Chancellor about me. So 
that on all hands, by God's blessing, I find myself a 
very rising man. By and by comes my Lord Peter- 
borough in, with whom we talked a good while, and 
he is going to-morrow toward Tangier again. I per- 
ceive there is yet good hopes of peace with Guyland,* 
which is of great concernment to Tangier. Meeting 
Mr. Townsend, he would needs take me to Fleete 
Streete, to one Mr. Barwell, squire sadler to the King, 
and there we and several other Wardrobe-men dined. 
We had a venison pasty, and other good plain and 

* A Moorish usurper, who had put himself at the head of an army for the 
purpose of attacking Tangier. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 317 

handsome dishes ; the mistress of the house a pretty, 
well-carriaged woman, and a fine hand she hath ; and 
her mayde a pretty brown lass. But I do find my 
nature ready to run back to my old course of drinking 
wine and staying from my business, and yet, thank 
God, I was not fully contented with it, but did stay at 
little ease, and after dinner hastened home by water, 
and so to my office till late at night. 

2 1 St. Up early, and to my office. At noon, though 
I was invited to my uncle Fenner's to dinner to a 
haunch of venison I sent him yesterday, yet I did not 
go, but chose to go to Mr. Rawlinson's, where my 
uncle Wight and my aunt, and some neighbour couples 
were at a very good venison pasty. Hither came, 
after we were set down, a most pretty young lady 
(only her hands were not white nor handsome), which 
pleased me well, and I found her to be sister to Mrs. 
Anne Wight. We were good company, and had a 
very pretty dinner. But though I drank no wine to- 
day, yet how easily was I of my own accord stirred 
up to desire my aunt and this pretty lady (for it was 
for her that I did it) to carry them to Greenwich 
and see the pleasure boats. But my aunt would not 
go, of which since I am much glad. 

22nd. About three o'clock this morning I waked 
with the noise of the rayne, having never in my Hfe 
heard a more violent shower ; and then the catt was 
lockt in the chamber, and kept a great mewing, and 
leapt upon the bed, which made me I could not sleep 
a great while. Then to sleep, and about five o'clock 



3l8 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

rose, and up to my office, and about 8 o'clock went 
down to Deptford, and there with Mr. Davis did look 
over most of his stores ; by the same token in the 
great storehouse, while Captain Badily was talking to 
us, one from a trap-door above let fall unawares a 
coyle of cable, that it was 10,000 to one it had not 
broke Captain Badily's neck, it came so near him, but 
did him no hurt. I went on with looking and inform- 
ing myself of the stores with great delight, and having 
done there, I took boat home again and dined. Then 
by water to Westminster Hall, and there I hear that 
old Mr. Hales ' did lately die suddenly in an hour's 
time. Here I met with Will Bowyer, and had a 
promise from him of a place to stand to-morrow at his 
house to see the show. Thence to my Lord's, and 
thither sent for Mr. Creed, and then to his lodgings at 
Clerke's, the confectioner's, where he did give me a 
little banquet, and I had liked to have begged a par- 
rot for my wife, but he hath put me in a way to get a 
better from Steventon, at Portsmouth. 

23d. Mr. Coventry and I did walk together a great 
while in the Garden, where he did tell me his mind 
about Sir G. Carteret's having so much the command 
of the money, which must be removed. And indeed 
it is the bane of all our business. He observed to me 
also how Sir W. Batten begins to struggle and to look 
after his business. I also put him upon getting an 
order from the Duke for our inquiries into the Chest, 

* John Hales of Eton. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 319 

which he will see done. So we parted, and Mr. Creed 
by appointment being come, he and I went out to- 
gether, and at an ordinary' in Lumbard Streete dined 
together, and so walked down to the Styll Yard, and 
so all along Thames-street, but could not get a boat : 
I offered eight shillings for a boat to attend me this 
afternoon, and they would not, it being the day of the 
Queene's coming to town from Hampton Court. So 
we fairly walked it to White Hall, and through my 
Lord's lodgings we got into White Hall garden, and 
so to the Bowling-greene, and up to the top of the 
new Banqueting House there, over the Thames, which 
was a most pleasant place as any I could have got ; 
and all the show consisted chiefly in the number of 
boats and barges ; and two pageants, one of a King, 
and another of a Queene, with her Maydes of Honour 
sitting at her feet very prettily ; and they tell me the 
Queene is Sir Richard Ford's daughter. Anon came 
the King and Queene in a barge under a canopy with 
10,000 barges and boats, I think, for we could see no 
water for them, nor discern the King nor Queene. 
And so they landed at White Hall Bridge, and the 
great guns on the other side went off. But that which 
pleased me best was, that my Lady Castlemaine stood 
over against us upon a piece of White Hall, where I 
glutted myself with looking on her. But methought 
it was strange to see her Lord and her upon the same 
place walking up and down without taking notice one 
of another, only at first entry he put off his hat, and 
she made him a very civil salute, but afterwards took 



320 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

no notice one of another ; but both of them now and 
then would take their child, which the nurse held in 
her armes, and dandle it. One thing more; there 
happened a scaffold below to fall, and we feared some 
hurt, but there was none, but she of all the great ladies 
only nm down among the common rabble to see what 
hurt was done, and did take care of a child that re- 
ceived some little hurt, which methought was so noble. 
Anon there came one there booted and spurred that 
she talked long with. And by and by, she being in her 
haire, she put on his hat, which was but an ordinary 
one, to keep the wind off. But methinks it became 
her mightily, as every thing else do. The show being 
over, I went away, not weary with looking on her, and 
to my Lord's lodgings, where my brother Tom and 
Dr. Thomas Pepys were to speak with me. So I 
walked with them in the garden, and was very angry 
with them both for their going out of towne without 
my knowledge ; but they told me the business, which 
was to see a gentlewoman for a wife for Tom, of Mr. 
Cooke's providing, worth 500/., of good education, her 
name Hobell, and lives near Banbury, demands 40/. 
per annum joynter. Tom likes her, and, they say, had 
a very good reception, and that Cooke hath been very 
serviceable therein, and that she is committed to old 
Mr. Young, of the Wardrobe's, tuition. After I had 
told them my mind about their folly in going so unad- 
visedly, I then begun to inquire after the business, and 
so did give no answer as to my opinion till I have 
looked farther into it by Mr. Young. By and by, as 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 32 1 

we were walking in my Lord's walk, comes my Lord, 
and he and I had half an hour's private discourse 
about the discontent of the times, which we concluded 
would not come to anything of difference, though the 
Presbyters would be glad enough of it ; but we do not 
think rehgion will so soon cause another war. Then 
to his owne business. He asked my advice there, 
whether he should go on to purchase more land and 
to borrow money to pay for it, which he is willing to 
do, because such a bargaine as that of Mr. Buggins's, 
of Stukely, will not be every day to be had, and Bramp- 
ton is now perfectly granted him by the King — I 
mean the reversion of it — after the Queene's death; 
and, in the meantime, he buys it of Sir Peter Ball his 
present right. Then we fell to talk of Navy business, 
and he concludes, as I do, that he needs not put him- 
self upon any more voyages abroad to spend money, 
unless a war comes ; and that by keeping his family 
awhile in the country, he shall be able to gather money. 
Here we broke off, and I bid him good night, and so 
with much ado, the streets being at nine o'clock at 
night crammed with people going home to the city, 
for all the borders of the river had been full of people, 
as the King had come, to a miracle got to the Palace 
Yard, and there took boat, and so to the Old Swan, 
and so walked home, and to bed very weary. 

24th (Lord's day). Slept till 7 o'clock, which I 
have not a great while, but it was my weariness last 
night that caused it. So rose and to my office till 
church time, writing down my yesterday's observations, 



322 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

and so to church, where I all alone, and found Will 
Griffin and Thomas Hewett got into the pew next to 
our backs, where our mayds sit, but when I came, they 
went out ; so fonvard some people are to outrun them- 
selves. Here we had a lazy, dull sermon. So home 
to dinner, where my brother Tom came to me, talking 
about his late journey and his mistress, and for what 
he tells me it is like to do well. He being gone, I to 
church again, where Mr. Mills, making a sermon upon 
confession, he did endeavour to pull down auricular 
confession, but did set it up by his bad arguments 
against it, and advising people to come to him to con- 
fess their sins when they had any weight upon their 
consciences, as much as is possible, which did vex me 
to hear. So home, and walked to my uncle Wight's, 
the truth is, in hopes to have seen and been acquainted 
with the pretty lady that came along with them to 
dinner the other day to Mr. Rawlinson, but she is 
gone away. But here I staid supper, and much com- 
pany there was ; among others. Dr. Burnett,' Mr. Cole 
the lawyer, Mr. Rawlinson, and Mr. Sutton, a brother 
of my aunt's, that I never saw before. Among other 
things they tell me that there hath been a disturbance 
in a church in Friday Street; a great many young 
people knotting together and crying out " Porridge " ^ 

1 A physician, residing in Fenchurch Street, who died of the plague. See 
postea, August 25, 1665. 

2 Porridge was the nickname given by the Dissenters to the Book of Com- 
mon Prayer. In the "City Heiress," Sir Anthony says to Sir Timothy, 
" You came from church too." Sir Timothy replies, " Ah ! need must when 
the devil drives. I go to save my bacon, as they say, once a month; and 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 323 

often and seditiously in the church, and they took the 
Common Prayer Book, they say, away ; and, some say, 
did tear it ; but it is a thing which appears to me very 
ominous. I pray God avert it. 

25 th. Up early, and away by water to Woohvich 
(calling in my way in Hamcreeke, where I have never 
been before, and there found two of the King's ships 
lie there without any living creature aboard, which 
troubled me, every thing being stole away that can 
be), where I staid seeing a cable of 14 inches laid, in 
which there was good variety. Then to Mr. Falconer's, 
and there eat a bit of roast meat off of the spit, and 
so away to the yarde, and there among other things 
mustered the yarde, and did things that I perceive 
people do begin to value me, and that I shall be able 
to be of command in all matters, which God be praised 
for. Then to Mr. Pett's, and to Deptford, and so 
home, where by appointment I found Mr. Coventry, 
Sir W. Batten, and Mr. Waith met at Sir W. Batten's, 
and thither I met, and so agreed upon a way of answer- 
ing my Lord Treasurer's letter. Here I found Mr. 
Coventry had got a letter from the Duke, sent us for 
looking into the business of the Chest, of which I am 
glad. So home and to bed, my mind, God be praised, 
full of business, but great quiet. 

that, too, after the porridge is served up." — Quoted by Genest, in " Hist, 
of the Stage," vol. i. p. 36. The meaning of this word is fully explained in 
a rare contemporary tract, called " A Vindication of the Book of Common 
Prayer against the contumelious slanders of the Fanatic Party, terming it 
Porridge." An extract from this pamphlet will be found in a note to Sir 
Walter Scott's " Woodstock," vol. i. p. 22, edit. 1834. 



324 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

27th. Dined with Sir W. Batten, his Lady being in 
the country. Among other stories, he told us of the 
Mayor of Bristoll's reading a pass with the bottom up- 
wards ; and a barber that could not read, that flung 
a letter in the kennel when one came to desire him to 
read the superscription, saying, " Do you think I stand 
here to read letters?" This afternoon Mrs. Hunt 
came to see me, and I did give her a Muske Millon. 
To-day my hogshead of sherry I have sold to Sir W. 
Batten, and am glad of my money instead of wine. 

29th. Up betimes and among my workmen, finding 
my presence to carry on the work both to my mind 
and with more haste. At night, the workmen being 
gone, I went to my office, and among other businesses 
did begin to-night with Mr. Lewes to look into the 
nature of a purser's account, and the business of vict- 
ualling, in which there is great variety ; but I find I 
shall understand it, and be able to do service there 
also. So being weary and chilly, being in some fear 
of an ague, I went home and to bed. 

30th. At noon I had news that Sir W. Pen would 
be in towne from Ireland, which I much wonder at, 
and it troubled me exceedingly what to do for a lodg- 
ing, and more what to do with my goods, that are all 
in his house ; but at last I resolved to let them lie 
there till Monday, and got a lodging upon Tower Hill. 

31st (Lord's day). Waked early, but being in a 
strange house, did not rise till 7 o'clock almost, and 
so rose and read over my oathes, and to my office, 
and thence to church. News is brought me that Sir 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 325 

W. Pen is come. Made my monthly accounts, and 
find myself worth in money about ^'^(iL iqj-. 2^^., for 
which God be praised ; and indeed greatly I hope to 
thank Almighty God, who do most manifestly bless 
me in my endeavours to do the duties of my office, I 
now saving money, and my expenses being little. My 
wife is still in the country ; my house ail in dirt ; but 
my work in a good forwardness, and will be much 
to my mind at last. In the afternoon to church, and 
there heard a simple sermon upon David's words, 
" BJessed is the man that walketh not in the way of 
the ungodly," &c., and the best of his sermon was the 
degrees of walking, standing, and sitting, showing how 
by steps and degrees sinners do grow in wickedness. 
So to Mr. Rawlinson's, and there supped with him. 
Our discourse of the discontents that are abroad, 
among, and by reason of the Presbyters. Some were 
clapped up to-day, and strict watch is kept in the City 
by the train-bands, and letters of a plot are taken. 
God preserve us, for all these things bode very ill. 

September ist. With Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen 
by coach to St. James's, this being the first day of our 
meeting there by the Duke's order; but when we 
come, we found him going out by coach with his Duch- 
esse, and he told us he was to go abroad with the 
Queene to-day (to Durdan's, it seems, to dine with 
my Lord Barkeley,^ where I have been very merry 
when I was a little boy) ; so we went and staid a little 

* Lord Berkeley's seat near Epsom. 



326 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

at Mr. Coventry's chamber, and I to my Lord Sand- 
wich's, who is gone to wait upon the King and Queene 
to-day. And so Mr. Paget being there, Will Howe 
and I and he played over some things of Locke's that 
we used to play at sea, that pleased us three well, it 
being the first musique I have heard a great while, so 
much has my business of late taken me off from all 
my former delights. So to my office, but missing my 
key, which I had in my hand just now, makes me very 
angry and out of order, it being a thing that I hate in 
others, and more in myself, to be careless of keys, I 
thinking another not fit to be trusted that leaves a key 
behind their hole. One thing more vexes me : my 
wife writes me from the country that her boy plays the 
rogue there, and she is weary of him, and complains 
also of her mayde Sarah, of which I am also very sorry. 
Being thus out of temper, I could do little at my office, 
but went home and eat a bit, and so to my lodging 
and to bed. 

2nd. To my office, and we met all the morning, 
and then dined at Sir W. Batten's with Sir W. Pen, 
and so to my office again all the afternoon, and in 
the evening wrote a letter to Mr. Cooke, in the coun- 
try, in behalf of my brother Tom, to his mistress, it 
being the first of my appearing in it, and if she be as 
Tom sets her out, it may be well for him. 

3rd. To my office, and about 8 o'clock I went over 
to Redriffe, and walked to Deptford, where I found 
Mr. Coventry and Sir W. Pen. Here we staid till 
noon, and by that time paid off the Breda, and then 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 32/ 

to dinner at the taveme, where I have obtained that 
our commons is not so large as they used to be, which 
I am glad to see. After dinner by water to the office, 
and there we met and sold the Weymouth, Successe, 
and Fellowship hulkes, where pleasant to see how 
backward men are at first to bid ; and yet when the 
candle is going out, how they bawl and dispute after- 
wards who bid the most first. And here I observed 
one man cunninger than the rest that was sure to bid 
the last man, and to carry it ; and inquiring the rea- 
son, he told me that just as the flame goes out the 
smoke descends, which is a thing I never observed 
before, and by that he do know the instant when to 
bid last, which is very pretty. In our discourse in the 
boat Mr. Coventry told us how the Fanatiques and 
the Presbyters, that did intend to rise about this time, 
did choose this day as the most auspicious to them 
in their endeavours against monarchy : it being fatal 
twice to the King, and the day of Oliver's death.^ 
But, blessed be God ! all is likely to be quiet, I hope. 
Dr. Fairbrother tells me, what I heard confirmed since, 
that it was fully resolved by the King's new Council 
that an indulgence should be granted the Presbyters ; 
but upon the Bishop of London's speech ^ (who is 
now one of the most powerful men in England with 

1 Cromwell had considered the 3rd of September as the most fortunate 
day of his life, on account of his victories at Dunbar and Worcester. It was 
also remarkable for the great storm that occurred at the time of his death ; 
and as being the day on which the Fire of London, in 1666, burnt with the 
greatest fury. 

2 Gilbert Sheldon. 



328 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

the King) , their minds were wholly turned. And it 
is said that my Lord Albemarle did oppose him most ; 
but that I do believe is only in appearance. He told 
me also that most of the Presbyters now begin to wish 
they had complied, now they see that no Indulgence 
will be granted them, which they hoped for ; and that 
the Bishop of London hath taken good care that 
places are supplied with very good and able men, 
which is the only thing that will keep all quiet. I 
took him in the taveme at Puddle docke, but neither 
he nor I drank any of the wine we called for, but left 
it, and so after discourse parted, and so by water to 
White Hall to my Lord's lodgings, where he being to 
go to Hinchingbroke to-morrow morning, I staid and 
fiddled with Will. Howe some new tunes very pleasant, 
and then my Lord came in and I had some kind talk 
with him, and then to bed with Mr. Moore there. 

4th. By water betimes to the Tower and so home, 
where I shifted myself, being to dine abroad, and so 
being also trimmed, which is a thing I have very 
seldom done of late, we met and sat all the morn- 
ing, and at noon we all to the Trinity House, where 
we treated, very dearly, I believe, the officers of the 
Ordnance ; where was Sir W. Compton and the Lieu- 
tenant of the Tower. We had much and good 
musique which was my best entertainment. Sir Wm. 
Compton I heard talk with great pleasure of the dif- 
ference between the fleet now and in Queene Eliza- 
beth's days ; where, in ^%, she had but 36 sail great 
and small, in the world ; and ten rounds of powder 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 329 

was their allowance at that time against the Spaniard. ^ 
After Sir W. Compton and Mr. Coventry, and some 
of the best of the rest were gone, I grew weary of 
staying with Sir Williams both, and the more for that 
my Lady Batten and her crew, at least half a score, 
came into the room, and I believe we shall pay size 
for it ; but 'tis very pleasant to see her in her haire 
under her hood, and how by little and little she would 
fain be a gallant ; but. Lord ! the company she keeps 
about her are like herself, that she may be known by 
them what she is. 

5 th. Up by break of day, and by water to Wool- 
wich : in my way saw the yacht lately built by our 
virtuosoes (my Lord Brunkard and others, with the 
help of Commissioner Pett also) set out from Green- 
wich with the little Dutch bezan, to try for mastery ; 
and before they got to Woolwich the Dutch beat them 
half-a-mile (and I hear this afternoon, that, in coming 
home, it got above three miles) ; which all our people 
are glad of. Here I staid and mustered the yarde 
and looked into the storehouses, and so walked all 
alone to Greenwich, and thence by water to Deptford, 
and there examined some stores. So walked to Red- 
riffe and took boat, and so to Mr. Bland's, the mer- 
chant, by invitation ; where I found all the officers of 
the Customs, very grave fine gentlemen, and I am 
very glad to know them j viz. — Sir Job Haivy, Sir 



J See Bruce's " Reports," in 1798, on the measures adopted against the 
invasion of England in 1588, printed for the use of the Privy Council. 



330 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

John WoLstenholme/ Sir John Jacob,^ Sir Nicholas 
Crisp, Sir John Harrison,3 and Sir John Shaw : ^ very 
good company. And among other pretty discourse, 
some was of Sir Jerom Bowes, Embassador from 
Queene Ehzabeth to the Emperor of Russia ; s who, 
because some of the noblemen there would go up the 
stairs to the Emperor before him, he would not go up 
till the Emperor had ordered those two men to be 
dragged downstairs, with their heads knocking upon 
every stair till they were killed. And when he was 
come up, they demanded his sword of him before he 
entered the room. He told them, if they would have 
his sword, they should have his boots too. And so 
caused his boots to be pulled off, and his night-gown 
and night-cap and slippers to Le sent for ; and made 
the Emperor stay till he couid go in his night-dress, 
since he might not go as a soldier. And lastly, when 
the Emperor in contempt, to show his command of 
his subjects, did command one to leap from the wm- 
dow down and broke his neck in the sight of our 

^ Sir John Wolstenholme; created a Baronet, 1664. An intimate friend 
of Lord Clarendon's; and collector outward for the Port of London. Ob. 
1679. 

2 Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex; created a Baronet, 1664, for his 
loyalty and zeal for the Royal Family. Ob. 1665-6. 

3 Of Balls, Herts. 

4 Sir John Shaw was created a Baronet in 1665, for his services in lending 
the King large sums of money during his exile. Ob. 1679-80. 

5 In 1583: the object of his mission being to persuade the Muscovite to 
a peace with John, King of Sweden. He was also employed to confirm the 
trade of the English with Russia; and, having incurred some personal danger, 
was received with favour on his return by the Queen. He died in 1616. 
There is a portrait of him in Lord Suffolk's collection at Charlton, 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 33 1 

Embassador, he replied that his mistress did set more 
by, and did make better use of the necks of her sub- 
jects : but said that, to show what her subjects would 
do for her, he would, and did, fling down his gantlett 
before the Emperor; and challenged all the nobility 
there to take it up, in defence of the Emperor against 
his Queene : for which, at this very day, the name of 
Sir Jerom Bowes is famous and honoured there. I 
this day heard that Mr. Martin Noell ^ is knighted by 
the King, which I much wonder at; but yet he is 
certainly a very useful man. 

6th. Lay long, that is, till 6 and past before I rose, 
so up and to my office. Sir John Minnes, both Sir 
Williams and I to the Trinity House, where we had 
at dinner a couple of venison pasties, of which I eat 
but little, being almost cloyed, having been at five 
pasties in three days. 

7th. To White Hall Chappell, where I heard a good 
sermon of the Deane of Ely's,^ upon returning to the 
old ways, and a most excellent anthem, with sympho- 
nys between, sung by Captain Cooke. Home with 



^ The Council of State sitting at Whitehall, says Lilly (" Life," p. 124), 
had no knowledge of what was passing out of doors, until Sir Martin Noel, 
a discreet citizen, came about nine at night, and informed them thereof. From 
this notice, Noel has been considered as the original of the messenger who 
brings the news of the burning of the Rumps, so admirably related in " Hudi- 
bras," part iii. canto ii, 1. 1497. We know nothing further about Sir Martin, 
except that he was a scrivener, and that Pepys records his death of the plague, 
in 1665. His son, of the same name, was knighted in November, 1665. 

2 Francis Wilford, D.D., Master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 
made Dean of Ely, 20th May, 1662. He died in July, 1667, being then Vice- 
Chancellor, and was buried in the chapel of his college. 



332 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

Mr. Fox and his lady ; and there dined with them. 
Most of our discourse was what ministers are flung 
out that will not conform : and the care of the Bishop 
of London that we are here supplied with very good 
men. Meeting Mr. Pierce, the chyrurgeon, he took 
me into Somersett House ; and there carried me into 
the Queene- Mother's presence-chamber, where she was 
with our own Queene sitting on her left hand (whom 
I did never see before) ; and though she be not very 
charming, yet she hath a good, modest, and innocent 
look, which is pleasing. Here I also saw Madam 
Castlemaine, and, which pleased me most, Mr. Crofts,^ 
the King's bastard, a most pretty sparke of about 15 
years old, who, I perceive, do hang much upon my 
Lady Castlemaine, and is always with her; and, I 
hear, the Queenes both of them are mighty kind to 
him. By and by in comes the King, and anon the 
Duke and his Duchesse ; so that, they being all to- 
gether, was such a sight as I never could almost have 
happened to see with so much ease and leisure. 
They staid till it was dark, and then went away ; the 
King and his Queene, and my Lady Castlemaine and 
young Crofts, in one coach and the rest in other 
» coaches. Here were great stores of great ladies, but 
very few handsome. The King and Queene were very 
merry ; and he would have made the Queene-Mother 
believe that his Queene was with child, and said that 

^ James, son of Charles II. by Mrs. Lucy Waters; who bore the name of 
Crofts till he was created Duke of Monmouth in 1662, previously to his mar- 
riage with Lady Anne Scot, daughter to Francis, Earl of Buccleuch. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 333 

she said so. And the young Queene answered, "You 
lye ; " which was the first EngUsh word that I ever 
heard her say : which made the King good sport ; and 
he would have taught her to say in English, " Confess 
and be hanged." The company being gone I walked 
home with great content as I can be in for seeing the 
greatest rarity, and yet a little troubled that I should 
see them before my wife's coming home, I having 
made a promise that I would not, nor did I do it 
industriously and by design, but by chance only. 

8th. With Mr. Coventry to the Duke; who, after 
he was out of his bed, did send for us in ; and, when 
he was quite ready, took us into his closet, and there 
told us that he do intend to renew the old custom 
for the Admirals to have their principal officers to 
meet them once a-week, to give them an account 
what they have done that week ; which I am glad of : 
and so the rest did tell his Royal Highness that I 
could do it best for the time past. And so I pro- 
duced my short notes, and did give him an account 
of all that we have of late done ; and proposed to him 
several things for his commands, which he did give us, 
and so dismissed us. 

9th. At my office betimes, and at noon Mr. Cov- 
entry, Sir J. Minnes, Mr. Pett and myself by water to 
Deptford. At the pay of a ship, and dined together 
on a haunch of good venison boiled, and after dinner 
returned again to the office, and there met several 
tradesmen by our appointment to know of them their 
lowest rates that they will take for their several pro- 



334 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

visions, for I do resolve to know that, and to buy no 
dearer, that so when we know the lowest rate, it shall 
be the Treasurer's fault, and not ours, that we pay 
dearer. This afternoon Sir John Minnes showed us 
how I have blinded all his lights, and stopped up his 
garden doore, which do vex me so much that I could 
not sleep for the thoughts of my losing the privilege 
of the leades and other things which in themselves 
are small and not worth half the trouble. The more 
fool am I, and I must labour against it for shame, 
especially I that use to preach up Epictetus's rule 

of TO. €<^ T^/XtV Kttl TO, OVK i(fi y]fXlV. 

loth. Up and to my house, and there contrived a 
way how Sir John Minnes shall come into the leades, 
and yet I save part of the closet I hoped for, which, 
if it will not please him, I am a madman to be trou- 
bled at it. To my office, and so to my brother's. I 
did take occasion to talk seriously alone with Marga- 
ret,' who I find a very discreet, good woman, and tells 
me, upon my demand, that her master is a very good 
husband,2 and minds his business well, but his fault is 
that he has not command over his two men, but they 



1 His brother's servant. (M. B.) 

2 That is, very frugal, or a good manager. So husbandry, " frugaUty." 

" There's husbandry in heaven: 
Their candles are all out." 

Shakespeare, Macbeth, act ii. sc. i. 
Or " management: " 

" I commit into your hands 
The husbandry and manage of my house." 

Merchant of Vetiice, act iii. sc. 4. (M. B.) 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 335 

do what they hst, and care not for his commands, and 
especially on Sundays they go whither they please, 
and not to church, which vexes me mightily, and I 
am resolved to schoole him soundly for it, it being 
so much unlike my father, that I cannot endure it in 
myself or him. 

nth. To my office, whither my brother Tom, 
whom I chid sufficiendy for yesterday's work. This 
night Tom came to show me a civil letter sent him 
from his mistress. I am pleased well enough with the 
business. 

1 2th. At my office all the morning, Mr. Lewis 
teaching me to understand the method of making up 
Purser's accounts, which is very needful for me and 
very hard. This day, by letters from my father, I hear 
that Captain Ferrers, who is with my Lord in the 
country, was at Brampton (with Mr. Creed) to see 
him ; and that a day or two ago, being provoked to 
strike one of my Lord's footmen, the footman drew 
his sword, and hath almost cut the fingers of one 
of his hands off ; which I am sorry for : but this 
is the vanity of being apt to command and strike. 

13th. We sat all the morning, and met again in 
the afternoon to set accounts even between the King 
and the masters of ships hired to carry provisions to 
lisbon. 

14th (Lord's day). By water to White Hall, by the 
way hearing that the Bishop of London had given a 
very strict order against boats going on Sundays, and 
as I came back again, we were examined by the 



336 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

masters of the company in another boat ; but I told 
them who I was. To White Hall chapel, where ser- 
mon almost done, and I heard Captain Cooke's new 
musique. This the first day of having vialls and 
other instruments to play a symphony between every 
verse of the anthem ; but the musique more full than 
it was the last Sunday, and very fine it is. But yet I 
could discern Captain Cooke to overdo his part at 
singing, which I never did before. Thence up into 
the Queene's presence, and there saw the Queene 
again as I did last Sunday, and some fine ladies with 
her; but, my troth, not many. Thence to Sir G. 
Carteret's, and find him to have sprained his foot 
and is lame, but yet hath been at chappell, and my 
Lady much troubled for one of her daughters that is 
sick. I dined with them, and a very pretty lady, 
their kinswoman, with them. My joy is, that I 
think I have good hold on Sir George and Mr. 
Coventry. 

15th. By water with Sir Wm. Pen to White Hall; 
and, with much ado, was fain to walk over the piles 
through the bridge, while Sir W. Batten and Sir J. 
Minnes were aground against the bridge, and could 
not in a great while get through. At White Hall 
we hear that the Duke of York is gone a-hunting to- 
day ; and so we returned : they going to the Duke 
of Albemarle's, where I left them (after I had ob- 
served a very good picture or two there) . 

1 6th. My wife writes me from the country that she 
is not pleased there with my father nor mother, nor 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 337 

any of her servants, and that my boy is turned a very 
rogue. I have 30/. to pay to the cavaUers : then a 
doubt about my being forced to leave all my business 
here, when I am called to the court at Brampton ; 
and lastly, my law businesses, which vex me to my 
heart what I shall be able to do next terme, which is 
near at hand. 

17th. At my office all the morning, and at noon 
to the Exchange, where meeting Mr. Moore and Mr. 
Stucky, of the Wardrobe, we to an ordinary to dinner, 
and after dinner Mr. Moore and I to Paul's school, to 
wait upon Mr. Crumlum, who we take very luckily, 
where there was also an old fellow student of Mr. 
Crumlum's, one Mr. Newell, of whom he made so 
much, and of me, that the truth is he with kindness 
did drink more than I believe he used to do, and did 
begin to be a little impertinent, that though I honour 
the man, and he do declare abundance of learning 
and worth, yet I confess my opinion is much lessened 
of him, and therefore let it be a caution to myself not 
to love drink, since it has such an effect upon others 
of greater worth in my own esteem. 

1 8th. At noon Sir G. Carteret, Mr. Coventry, and I 
by invitation to dinner to Sheriff Majoiell's,^ the great 



I Alderman Francis Meynell was a goldsmith and banker in London, and 
then one of the Sheriffs. He was the third son of Godfrey Meynell, of Will- 
ington, in Derbyshire, and died in 1666; his father was buried at Langley, 
in that county, where their descendants still possess property. Hugo Charles 
Ingram Meynell, of Hoare Cross, Staffordshire, and Temple Newsome near 
Leeds, is the present representative of the family. Sir W. Dugdale, in his 
"Diary," mentions his having defaced the achievements which had been 



338 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

money-man ; he, Alderman Backewell, and much no- 
ble and brave company, with the privilege of their 
rare discourse, which is great content to me above all 
other things in the world. And after a great dinner 
and much discourse, we took leave. Among other 
discourses, speaking concerning the great charity used 
in Catholique countrys, Mr. Ashburnham did tell us, 
that this last year, there being great want of come in 
Paris, and so a collection made for the poor, there 
was two pearles brought in, nobody knew from whom 
(till the Queene, seeing them, knew whose they were, 
but did not discover it), which were sold for 200,000 
crownes. 

19th. Up betimes and to my office, and at 9 
o'clock I went alone to Deptford, and there went on 
where they left last night to pay Woolwich yarde. 
After dinner to pay again, and so till ^ at night, my 
great trouble being that I was forced to begin an ill 
practice of bringing down the wages of servants, for 
which people did curse me, which I do not love. At 
night, after I had eaten a cold pullet, I walked by 
brave moonshine, with three or four armed men to 
guard me to Redriffe, it being now a joy to my heart 
to think of the condition that I am now in, that peo- 
ple should of themselves provide this for me, unspoke 



hung up at Bradley, in Derbyshire, where the Alderman was interred; not, 
as it would seem, from any doubt as to that gentleman being entitled to bear 
arms, but because a London painter had been employed to blazon the shield, 
who had not obtained the sanction of the Heralds' Office, and thereby excited 
their jealousy, at a moment when their occupation was on the decline. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 339 

to. I hear this walk is dangerous to walk alone by 
night, and much robbery committed here. 

20th. To-night my barber sent me his man to trim 
me, who did live in King Streete in Westminster 
lately, and tells me that three or four that I knew in 
that streete, tradesmen, are lately fallen mad, and 
some of them dead, and the others continue mad. 
They live all within a door or two one of another. 

2ist (Lord's day). Got up betimes and walked to 
St. James's, and there to Mr. Coventry, and sat an 
hour with him, talking of business of the office with 
great pleasure, and I do perceive he do speake his 
whole mind to me. Thence to the Parke, where by 
appointment I met my brother Tom and Mr. Cooke, 
and there spoke about Tom's business, and to good 
satisfaction. The Queene coming by in her coach, 
going to her chappell at St. James's (the first time it 
hath been ready for her), I crowded after her, and I 
got up to the room where her closet is ; and there 
stood and saw the fine altar, ornaments, and the fry- 
ers in their habits, and the priests come in with their 
fine copes and many other very fine things. I heard 
their musique too ; which may be good, but it did 
not appear so to me, neither as to their manner of 
singing, nor was it good concord to my ears, whatever 
the matter was. The Queene very devout : but what 
pleased me best was to see my dear Lady Castle- 
maine, who, tho' a Protestant, did wait upon the 
Queene to chappell. By and by, after masse was 
done, a fryer with his cowl did rise up and preach 



340 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

a sermon in Portuguese ; which I not understanding, 
did go away, and to the King's chappell, but that 
was done ; and so up to the Queene's presence- 
chamber, where she and the King was expected to 
dine : but she staying at St. James's, they v/ere forced 
to remove the things to the King's presence ; and there 
he dined alone, and I with Mr. Fox very finely ; but I 
see I must not make too much of that liberty for my 
honour sake only, not but that I am very well received. 

22nd. Up betimes among my workmen, hastening 
to get things ready against my wife's coming, and 
so with Sir J. M., Sir W. B., and Sir W. P., by coach 
to St. James's, and there with the Duke. I did give 
him an account of all things past of late. Thence I 
walked to Greatorex's, and there with him did over- 
look many pretty things, new inventions, and have 
bespoke a weather glasse of him. Thence to my 
Lord Crew's, and dined with the servants, he having 
dined ; and so, after dinner, up to him, and sat an 
hour talking with him of publique, and my Lord's 
private businesses, with much content. 

23rd. Sir G. Carteret told me how in most caba- 
retts in France they have writ upon the walls in fair 
letters to be read, " Dieu te regarde," as a good les- 
son to be in every man's mind, and have also, as in 
Holland, their poor's box; in both which places at 
the making all contracts and bargains they give so 
much, which they call God's penny.' 

I Pepys himself gives an account of this custom: see May 18, 1660, 
ante. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 34 1 

24th. To my Lord Crew's, and there dined alone 
with him, and among other things he do advise me 
by all means to keep my Lord Sandwich from pro- 
ceeding too far in the business of Tangier. First, 
for that he is confident the King will not be able to 
find money for the building the Mole ; and next, for 
that it is to be done as we propose it by the reducing 
of the garrison ; and then either my Lord must op- 
pose the Duke of York, who will have the Irish regi- 
ment under the command of Fitzgerald continued, 
or else my Lord Peterborough, who is concerned to 
have the English continued, and he, it seems, is gone 
back again merely upon my Lord Sandwich's encour- 
agement. Thence to Mr. Wotton, the shoemaker's, 
and there bought a pair of boots, cost me ^os., and 
he told me how Bird ^ hath lately broke his leg, 
while he was fencing in " Aglaura,"^ upon the stage, 
and that the new theatre of all will be ready against 
terme. So by water home and to my workmen, and 
so at night till late at my office, inditing a letter from 
Tom to his mistress upon his sending her a watch for 
a token, and so home and to supper, and to my 
lodgings and to bed. It is my content that by sev- 
eral hands to-day I hear that I have the name of 
good-natured man among the poor people that come 
to the office. 

25 th. This evening I sat awhile at Sir W. Batten's 
with Sir J. Minnes, where I did hear how the woman, 

* A mistake for Burt. See Oct. 11, 1660. 

* A tragi-comedy, by Sir John Suckling. 



342 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

formerly nurse to Mrs. Lemon (Sir W. Batten's daugh- 
ter), her child was torn to pieces by two doggs at 
Walthamstow this week, and is dead, which is very 
strange. 

27th. Up betimes. We sat all the morning, and in 
the afternoon I got many jobbs done to my mind, and 
my wife's chamber put into a good readiness against 
her coming, which she did at night, for Will did, by 
my leave to go, meet her upon the road, and at night 
did bring me word she was come to my brother's, by 
my order. So I went thither to her. Being come, I 
found her and her mayde and dogg very well, and her- 
self grown a little fatter than she was. I was very well 
pleased to see her, only I do perceive that there has 
been falling out between my mother and she, and a 
little between my father and she ; but I hope all is 
well again, and I perceive she likes Brampton House 
and seat better than ever I did myself, and tells me 
how my Lord hath drawn a plot of some alteracions 
to be made there, and hath brought it up, which I saw 
and like well. I perceive my Lord and Lady have 
been very kind to her. 

28th (Lord's day). Waked early, and fell talking 
one with another with great pleasure of my house at 
Brampton and that here, and other matters. She tells 
me what a rogue my boy is, and strange things he has 
been found guilty of, which vexes me, but most of all 
the unquiett life that my mother makes my father and 
herself lead through her want of reason. At last I 
rose, and with Tom, to the French Church zX the 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 343 

Savoy, where I never was before — a pretty place it is 
— and there they have the Common Prayer Book read 
in French, and, which I never saw before, the minister 
do preach with his hat off, I suppose in further con- 
formity with our Church. 

29th (Michaehnas day). This day my oaths for 
drinking of wine and going to plays are out, and so I 
do resolve to take a liberty to-day, and then to fall to 
them again. Up and by coach to White Hall, in my 
way taking up Mr. Moore, and walked with him, talk- 
ing a good while about business, in St. James's, and 
there left him, and to Mr. Coventry's, and so with him 
and Sir W. Pen up to the Duke, where the King came 
also and staid till the Duke was ready. It being Col- 
lar-day, we had no time to talk with him about any 
business. So we parted, and I to Tom's, and there 
taking up my wife, mayde, dogg, and him, did carry 
them home, where my wife is much pleased with my 
house, and so am I fully. I sent for some dinner and 
there dined, Mrs. Margaret Pen being by, to whom I 
had spoke to go along with us to a play this after- 
noon, and then to the King's Theatre, where we saw 
" Midsummer's Night's Dream," which I had never 
seen before, nor shall ever again, for it is the most 
insipid ridiculous play that ever I saw in my life. I 
saw, I confess, some good dancing and some hand- 
some women, which was all my pleasure. Thence set 
my wife down at Madam Turner's, and having deliv- 
ered Pegg Pen to her father safe, went home, where 
I find Mr. Deane, of Woolwich, hath sent me the 



344 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

modell he had promised me ; but it so far exceeds 
my expectations, that I am sorry ahnost he should 
make such a present to no greater a person; but I 
am exceeding glad of it, and shall study to do him a 
courtesy for it. 

30th. I to my house to look over my workmen ; 
but good God ! how I do find myself by yesterday's 
liberty hard to be brought to follow business again, 
but however, I must do it, considering the great sweet 
and pleasure and content of mind that I have had 
since I did leave drink and plays, and other pleasures, 
and followed my business. So to my office, where we 
sat till noon, and then I to dinner with Sir W. Pen, 
and while we were at it came my wife to the office, 
and so I sent for her up, and after dinner we took 
coach and to the Duke's playhouse, where we saw 
" The Duchess of Malfy " ^ well performed, but Better- 
ton and lanthe to admiration. Strange to see how 
easily my mind do revert to its former practice of lov- 
ing plays and wine ; but this night I have again bound 
myself to Christmas next, in which I desire God to 
bless me and preserve me, for under God I find it 
to be the best course that ever I could take to bring 
myself to mind my business. I have also made up this 
evening my monthly ballance, and find that, notwith- 
standing the loss of 30/. to be paid to the loyall and 
necessitous cavaliers by act of Parliament, yet I am 
worth about 680/., for which the Lord God be praised. 

» A Tragedy, by John Webster. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 345 

My condition at present is this : — I have long been 
building, and my house to my great content is now 
almost done. My Lord Sandwich has lately been in 
the country, and very civil to my wife, and hath him- 
self spent some pains in drawing a plot of some altera- 
cions in our house there, which I shall follow as I get 
money. As for the office, my late industry hath been 
such, as I am become as high in reputacion as any 
man there, and good hold I have of Mr. Coventry and 
Sir G. Carteret, which I am resolved, and it is neces- 
sary for me, to maintain by all fair means. Things 
are all quiett, but the King poor, and no hopes almost 
of his being otherwise, by which things will go to rack, 
especially in the Navy. The late outing of the Pres- 
byterian clergy by their not renouncing the Covenant 
as the Act of Parliament commands, is the greatest 
piece of state now in discourse. But for ought I see 
they are gone out very peaceably, and the people not 
so much concerned therein as was expected. My 
brother Tom is gone out of towne this day, to make 
a second journey to his mistress at Banbury, of which 
I have good expectacions, and pray God to bless him 
therein. My mind, I hope, is settled to follow my 
business again, for I find that two days' neglect of 
business do give more discontent in mind than ten 
times the pleasure thereof can repair again, be it what 
it will. 

October 2nd. Up and to the office, where we sat 
till noon, and then to dinner, and Mr. Moore came 
and dined with me, and after dinner to look over my 



346 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

Brampton papers, which was a most necessary work, 
though it is not so much to my content as I could 
wish. I fear that it must be as it can, and not as I 
would. At night, hearing that there was a play at the 
Cockpit (and my Lord Sandwich, who came to town 
last night, at it), I do go thither, and by very great 
fortune did follow four or five gentlemen who were 
carried to a little private door in a wall, and so crept 
through a narrow place and came into one of the 
boxes next the King's, but so as I could not see the 
King or Queene, but many of the fine ladies, who yet 
are not really so handsome generally as I used to take 
them to be, but that they are finely dressed. Then 
we saw "The Cardinall," ^ a tragedy I had never seen 
before, nor is there any great matter in it. The com- 
pany that came in with me into the box, were all 
Frenchmen that could speak no English, but Lord ! 
what sport they made to ask a pretty lady that they 
got among them that understood both French and 
English to make her tell them what the actors said. 

3rd. At my brother's and Paul's Churchyard, but 
bought nothing because of my oathe, though I had a 
great mind to it. At my office, and with my workmen 
till noon, and then dined with my wife upon herrings, 
the first I have eat this year. In the evening comes 
Captain Ferrers. He brought me a letter from my 
father, that appoints the day for the Court at Bramp- 
ton to be the 13th of this month; but I perceive he 

^ A tragi-comedy by James Shirley. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 34/ 

has kept the letter in his pocket these three days, so 
that if the day had been sooner, I might have been 
spilt. So that it is a great folly to send letters of busi- 
ness by any friend that require haste. This night late 
I had notice that Dekins, the merchant, is dead this 
afternoon suddenly, for grief that his daughter, my 
Morena,^ who has long been ill, is given over by the 
Doctors. For both which I am very sorry. 

4th. To my office. Among other things examining 
the particulars of the miscarriage of the Satisfaction, 
sunk the other day on the Dutch coast through the 
negligence of the pilott. 

5th (Lord's day). I to church; and this day the 
parson has got one to read with a surplice on. I 
suppose himself will take it up hereafter, for a cunning 
fellow he is as any of his coate. Dined with my wife, 
and then to talk chiefly about her learning to dance 
against her going next year into the country, which I 
am willing she shall do. Then to church to a tedious 
sermon. 

6th. Sir W. Pen and I early to St. James's by water, 
where Mr. Coventry, finding the Duke in bed, and not 
very well, we did not stay, but to White Hall, and 
there took boat and down to Woolwich. In our way 
Mr. Coventry telling us how of late upon enquiry into 
the miscarriages of the Duke's family, Mr. Biggs, his 
steward, is found very faulty, and is turned out of his 
employment. Then we fell to reading of a book 

» See note, Jan. 27, 1661-^2. (M. B.) 



348 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

which I saw the other day at my Lord Sandwich's, 
intended for the late King, finely bound up, a treatise 
concerning the benefit the Hollanders make of our 
fishing, but whereas I expected great matters from it, 
I find it a very impertinent [book], and though some 
things good, yet so full of tautologies, that we were 
weary of it. At Woolwich we mustered the yarde, and 
then to the Hart to dinner, and then to the Rope- 
yard; thence to Deptford and wakened the officers 
there; so walked to Redriffe, and thence to White 
Hall with Mr. Coventry, and so to my Lord Sand- 
wich's lodgings, but my Lord was not within, being at 
a ball this night with the King at my Lady Castle- 
maine's at next door. Home, and there weary went 
to supper, and then to my office to set down my jour- 
nall of this day, and so home and to bed. 

7th. To my Lord's, and there I left money for 
Captain Ferrers to buy me two bands. So towards 
the New Exchange, and there while my wife was buy- 
ing things I walked up and down with Dr. Williams, 
talking about my law businesses. 

8th. Up and by water to my Lord Sandwich's, and 
among other things to my extraordinary joy, he did 
tell me how much I was beholding to the Duke of 
York, who did yesterday of his own accord tell him 
that he did thank him for one person brought into the 
Navy, naming myself, and much more to my commen- 
dation, which is the greatest comfort and encourage- 
ment that ever I had in my life, and do owe it all to 
Mr. Coventry's goodness and ingenuity. I was glad 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 349 

above measure of this. Thence to Mr. Moore, who, 
I hope, is better than he was, and so home and dined, 
and all the afternoon busy at my office, and at night 
by coach to my Lord's again, but he is at White Hall 
with the King, before whom the puppet plays I saw 
this summer in Covent-garden are acted this night. 
Hither this night my scallop,' bought and got made 
by Captain Ferrers' lady, is sent, and I brought it 
home, a very neat one. It cost me about 3/., and 3/. 
more I have given him to buy me another. I do find 
myself much bound to go handsome, which I shall do 
in linen, and so the other things may be all the plainer. 
Here I staid playing some new tunes to parts with 
W. Howe, and, my Lord not coming home, I came 
home late on foot, my boy carrying a linke, and so eat 
a bit and to bed, my head full of ordering of busi- 
nesses against my journey to-morrow, that there may 
be nothing done to my \vrong in my absence. 

9th. Up early about my business to get me ready 
for my journey. But first to the office ; where we sat 
all the morning ; and I bid them adieu for a week, 
having the Duke's leave got me by Mr. Coventry. To 
whom I did give thanks for my newes yesterday of 
the Duke's words to my Lord Sandwich concerning 
me, which he took well ; and do tell me so freely his 
love and value of me, that my mind is now in as great 
a state of quiett as to my interest in the office, as I 

^ A lace band. See October 12th. The word scallop was used till re- 
cently for a part of a lady's dress embroidered and cut to resemble a scallop 
shell. (M. B.) 



350 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 

could ever wish to be. Between one and two o'clock 
got on horseback at our back gate, with my man Will 
with me, both well-mounted on two grey horses. We 
got to Ware before night ; and so I resolved to ride 
on to Puckeridge, which we did, though the way was 
bad, and the evening dark before we got thither, by 
help of company riding before us ; and among others, 
a gentleman that took up at the same inn, the Falcon, 
with me, his name Mr. Brian, with whom I supped, 
and was very good company, and a scholar. He tells 
me, that it is beheved the Queene is with child, for 
that the coaches are ordered to ride very easily through 
the streets. 

loth. Up, and between eight and nine mounted 
again ; but my feet so swelled with yesterday's pain, 
that I could not get on my boots, which vexed me to 
the blood, but was forced to pay ^s. for a pair of old 
shoes of my landlord's, and so rid in shoes to Cam- 
bridge ; the way so good that I got very well thither, 
and set up at the Beare : and there being spied in the 
streete passing through the towne my cozen Angier 
came to me, and I must needs to his house; and 
there found Dr. Fairbrother, with a good dinner, a 
barrel of good oysters, a couple of lobsters, and wine. 
But, above all, telling me that this day there is a Con- 
gregation for the choice of some officers in the Uni- 
versity, he after dinner gets me a gowne, cap, and 
hoode, and carries me to the Schooles, where Mr. 
Pepper, my brother's tutor, and this day chosen Proc- 
tor, did appoint a M. A. to lead me into the Regent 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 35 1 

House, where I sat with them, and did vote by sub- 
scribing papers thus : " Ego Samuel Pepys ehgo Ma- 
gistrum Bernardum Skelton,^ (and which was more 
strange, my old schoolfellow and acquaintance, and 
who afterwards did take notice of me, and we spoke 
together), alterum e taxatoribus hujus Academic in 
annum sequentem." The like I did for one Briggs, 
for the other Taxor, and for other officers, as the Vice- 
Proctor (Mr. Covell), for Mr. Pepper, and which was 
the gentleman that did carry me into the Regent 
House. This being done, and the Congregation dis- 
solved by the Vice-Chancellor, I did with much con- 
tent return to my Cozen Angler's. Thence to Trinity 
Hall with Dr. John Pepys, who tells me that his brother 
Roger has gone out of towne to keep a Court ; and so 
I was forced to go to Impington, to take such advice 
as my old uncle and his son Claxton could give me. 
By and by after supper comes in, unlooked for, my 
cozen Roger, with whom I discoursed largely, and in 
short he gives me good counsel, but tells me plainly 
that it is my best way to study a composition with my 
uncle Thomas, for that law will not helpe us, and that 
it is but a folly to flatter ourselves, with which though 
much to my trouble, yet I was well satisfied, because 
it told me what I am to trust to, and so to bed. 

nth. Up betimes, and after a little breakfast, and 
a very poor one, like our supper, and such as I cannot 
feed on, because of my she-cozen Claxton's gouty 

' Afterwards agent in Holland for James II., who made use of him to 
inveigle over to England the Duke of Monmouth. 



352 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS, 

hands ; and after Roger had carried me up and down 
his house and orchards, to show me them, I mounted, 
and rode to Huntingdon, and so to Brampton ; where 
I found my father and two brothers, my mother and 
sister. I walked up and down the house and garden, 
and find my father's akeracions very handsome. So to 
dinner, where there being nothing but a poor breast 
of mutton, and that ill-dressed, I was much displeased, 
there being Mr. Cooke there, who I invited to come 
over with my brother thither, and for whom I was 
concerned to make much of. I told my father and 
mother of it, and so had it very well mended for the 
time after, as long as I staid, though I am very glad 
to see them live so frugally. But now to my business. 
I found my uncle Thomas come into the country, and 
do give out great words, and forewarns all our people 
of paying us rent, and gives out that he will invalidate 
the Will, it being but conditional, we paying debts and 
legacies, which we have not done, but I hope we shall 
yet go through well enough. I settled to look over 
papers, and then rode to Hinchingbroke (Will with 
me), and there to my Lady's chamber, but, it being 
night, staid not long, but drank a cup of ale below, 
and so home again, and to supper, and to bed. 

1 2th (Lord's day). Made myself fine with Captain 
Ferrers' lace band, being lothe to wear my own new 
scallop, it is so fine ; and, after the barber had done 
with us, to church, where I saw most of the gentry 
of the parish ; among others, Mrs. Hanbury, a proper 
lady, and Mr. Bernard and his Lady, with her father, 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 353 

my late Lord St. John/ who looks now like a very 
plain grave man. Mr. Wells preached a pretty good 
sermon, and they say he is pretty well in his witts 
again. So home to dinner, and then to Church again. 
So to supper, but my mind is so full of business that 
I am no company at all, and then their drink do not 
please me, till I did send to Goody Stanks for some 
of her's which is very small and fresh, \vith a little 
taste of wormewood, which ever after did please me 
very well. So after supper to bed, getting my brother 
John to go up with me for discourse sake, while I was 
making unready.^ 

13th. Up to Hinchingbroke, and there with Mr. 
Shepley, did look over all the house, and I do, I 
confess, like well of the alteracions, and do like the 
staircase, but there being nothing to make the outside 
more regular and moderne, I am not satisfied with it, 
but do think it to be too much to be laid out upon 
it. Thence he to St. Ives Market, and I to Sir Robert 
Bernard's for council, having a letter from my Lord 



^ Oliver St. John, one of Cromwell's Lords, and Chief Justice; and there- 
fore, after the Restoration, properly called " My late Lord." His third 
daughter, Elizabeth, by his second wife, daughter of Henry Cromwell of 
Upwood, Esq., uncle to the Protector, married Mr. John Bernard, who became 
a Baronet on the death of his father, Sir Robert, in i666, and was M.P. for 
Huntingdon. Ob. 1689. 

2 That is, " undressing." So of the French lords leaping over the walls 
in their shirts: 

" Alenc. How now, my lords! what all unready so? 
Bast. JJjiready ! ay, and glad we 'scaped so well." 

Shakespeare, i Henry VI., act ii. sc i. 
See Ben Jonson, " Bartholomew Fair," act 1. sc. i. (M. B.) 



354 DFARY OF SAMUEL PEP VS. 

Sandwich to that end. He do promise to put off my 
uncle's admittance, if he can fairly, and upon the whole 
do make my case appear better to me than my cozen 
Roger did. Thence home, and with my father took 
a melancholy walk to Portholme, seeing the country- 
mayds milking their cowes there, they being there now 
at grasse, and to see with what mirth they come all 
home together in pomp with their milke, and some- 
times they have musique go before them. So back 
home again. 

14th. Up, and did digest into a method all I could 
say in our defence, in case there should be occasion, 
for I hear he will have counsel to plead for him in 
the Court, and so about nine o'clock to the court at 
the Lordshipp where the jury was called ; and there 
being vacancies, they would have had my father, in 
respect to him, to have been one of the Homage, but 
he thought fit to refuse it, he not knowing enough the 
customs of the towne. They being swome and the 
charge given them, they fell to our business, finding 
the heire-at-law to be my uncle Thomas ; but Sir 
Robert did tell them that he had seen how the estate 
was devised to my father by my uncle's will, accord- 
ing to the custom of the manour, proposing some 
difficulty about the half-acre of land which is given 
the heire-at-law according to custome, which did put 
me into great fear lest it might not be in my uncle's 
possession at his death. But the steward, as he prom- 
ised me, did find pretensions very kindly and readily 
to put off their admittance, by wliich I find they are 



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 355 

much defeated, and if ever, I hope, will now listen 
to a treaty and agreement with us, at our meeting at 
London. So they took their leaves of the steward 
and Court, and went away. So my father and I home 
with great content to dinner; my mind now as full 
against the afternoon business, which we sat upon 
after dinner at the court, and did sue out a recovery, 
and cut off the intayle ; and my brothers there, to 
join therein. And my father and I admitted to all the 
lands ; he for life, and I for myself and my heirs in 
'reversion. I did with most compleat joy of mind go 
from the Court with my father home, and in a quarter 
of an houre did get on horseback, with my brother 
Tom, Cooke, and Will, all mounted, and without eat- 
ing or drinking, take leave of my father, mother, Pall, 
to whom I did give lOi-., but have showTi no kindness 
since I came, for I find her so very ill-natured that I 
cannot love her, and she so cruel a hypocrite that she 
can cry when she pleases, and John and I away, call- 
ing in at Hinchingbroke, and taking leave in three 
words of my Lady, and the young ladies ; and so by 
moonlight most bravely all the way to Cambridge, 
with great pleasure, whither we came at about nine 
o'clock, and took up at the Beare. 



LIST OF PRI^XIPAL MISTAKES IN FORMER 



PAGE 


LINE 




XUi-fX ± xv^j.> 






12 . 


4 


For was 


. read sa7U. 


i8 . 


■ 24 


« 


curious 


a 


enviotis. 


32 . 


. 8 


« 


wine 


<t 


mwn. 


33 • 


. 16 


« 


wand . 


« 


piond. 


36 . 


I 


<( 


To which 


it 


At last. 


50 • 


4 


<t 


an hour 


(I 


a turn. 


57 • 


• 23 


(( 


merry 


ft 


mere. 


68 . 


• 27 


« 


presently 


it 


pleasantly. 


77 • 


I 


(( 


my aunt . 


it 


two 77 1 en. 


78 . 


. 18 


(C 


past home . 


i( 


Porthol>}ie, 


93 • 


• 19 


(( 


now 


« 


7)iore. 


105 . 


I 


" 


but . 


" 


77ia7t. 


125 • 


12 


<( 


ranted . 


(( 


vaunted. 


132 . 


2 


" 


Hardy 


(« 


Harvy. 


132 . 


4 


" 


high 


<( 


good. 


136 . 


3 


« 


Paynter 


« 


Pargiter. 


139 . 


. 18 


a 


King's . 


(( 


Ringo. 


152 . 


. 12 


i( 


4^- of . 


(( 


40'- to. 


153 • 


. 16 


« 


surveys . 


(( 


secresys. 


153 • 


. 21 


(( 


Songs . 


" 


Torys. 


154 . 


. 22 


" 


one M"^- Parker 


it 


of one M^- Parker'' s. 


160 . 


. 22 


(( 


have made . 


ti 


sJiall 7nake. 


167 . 


- 19 


(( 


Washeall and bowle. 


it 


washeall-bowle. 


170 . 


• 17 


it 


Portsmouth 


ft 


Portugall. 


170 . 


• 24 


it 


neck 


it 


nose. 


173 . 


. 18 




. 


omit *'/ia//.^' 



List of Principal Mistakes in Former Editions (Contimied), 



.. 19 


For went 


read sent. 


•• 5 


" 


day 


u 


do. 


.. 24 


<( 


upon 


« 


tip to. 


•• 15 


(( 


and 


(( 


bade. 




" 


speed 


« 


spend. 


I 


" 


Surgeon 


" 


Serjeant. 


.. 10 


« 


prepared 


ii 


repaired. 


. . 10 


<( 


that '. 


a 


but. 


. . 12 


(( 


King's peace . 


a 


King pays. 


. . 19 


" 


Lord . 


a 


Lady. 


•• 23 


« 


Mistress 


a 


Master. 


I 


(( 


full of . 


« 


fall to. 


.. 19 


" 


well 


" 


still 


•• 7 


« 


for ever 


« 


however. 


.. 15 


« 


ships 


(( 


shops. 


•• 9 


« 


several 


li 


these. 


.. 27 


« 


Lady (Carteret) 


« 


Lady, i. e. Sandwich. 


•• 3 


<( 


hither . 


« 


mother. 


.. 28 


« 


performed 


(( 


reformed. 


. . 14 


(( 


and basins . 


it 


or rim. 


•• 23 


« 


some 


a 


great. 


.. 8 


« 


snugly 


a 


frugally. 


•• 19 


« 


things 


<( 


stories. 


I 


(( 


King of Portugall. 


(( 


King to Jier in Portu- 
gall. 


.. 4 


« 


Lady . 


« 


Lord. 


.. 26 


« 


mention 


(( 


motion. 


.. 26 


« 


assured . 


« 


answered. 


.. 8 


(< 


He (M"-- Falconer) 


il 


he, i. e. M^- Coventry. 


•• 5 


<< 


George . 


il 


Gouge. 


.. 4 


11 


Tylt . 


(l 


Styll. 


.. 20 


a 


1,000 


11 


10,000. 


.. 19 


(I 


abettors 


u 


letters. 


.. 4 


it 


made 


a 


iatight. 


. . 22 


u 


crosses 


it 


copes. 


• 17 


ii 


dancing 


ti 


Fencing. 



^ ^ 

I