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HENRT COLBURN, Publisuib, 13, Gr. Mahlbokough St. 

Ex Libris 





















The Letters to tohieh an asterisk is prefixed are printed here for the first time. 


Character of Mrs. Evelyn, by Dr. Bohun 3 

Letters of Mrs. Evelyn 8 

* To Mr. Bohun ib. 

To the same. May 21, 1668 10 

* To Sir Samuel Tuke ' . , . 11 

* To Mr. Bohun. July 17, 1668 ib. 

* To my brother QlanviEe in France 12 

* To Mr. Terryll in Ireland. February 10, 1668-9 .... 14 

* To the same 15 

* To my brother Glanville in France H. 

* To my brother Glanville at Wotton. September 21, 1670 . . 16 

* To Mrs. Evelyn of Woodcot. September 26, 1670. ... 17 

* To the same 19 

* To my cousin Mary Evelyn. September 28, 1670 . . . . 20 

* To Mrs. Evelyn of Wotton. 1670 ib. 

To her son 21 

* To my brother Glanville at West Dean. December, 1670 . . . 22 
To my Lady Tuke, after the death of Sir Samuel Tuke. 

January 28, 1670-1 23 

To Mr. Bohun. January 29, 1670-1 . . . . . . . 24 



ToMr. Bohon. 1671 26 

• To the same. May, 1671 26 

• To my brother Olanville. October 8, 1671 ib. 

• To her bobl October 9, 1671 27 

• To Mrs. Alexander. October 9, 1671 29 

ToMr. Bohun. March 2, 1671-2 80 

To the same. January i, 1672 81 

• To my Lady Ann Carr. March 26, 1672 82 

• To Mr. ETelyn. December, 1672 83 

• To Mr. Bohun. January, 1672-3 84 

• To Mrs. Saul 86 

• March 28, 1673 87 

• To my brother Qlanvilla December the last, 1673 ... 88 
To Lady Tuke. April, 1685 • . 40 

• Mrs. Owen to John Evelyn. Eltham, June 26, 1680 ... 41 

• John Evelyn to Mrs. Owen. June 26, 1680 42 













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I HAD lately occasion to review several btters to me 
from Mrs. Evelyn of Deptford. After reading them, I 
found they were much to be valued, because they con- 
tained not only a complete description of the private 
events in the family, but public transactions of the times, 
Avhere are many curious and memorable things described 
in an easy and eloquent style. 

Many forgotten circumstances by this means are recalled 
afresh to my memory ; by so full and perfect a narration 
of them, they are again present to my thoughts, and I 
see them re-acted as it were before my eyes. This made 
strong impressions on my mind, so that I could not rest 
till I had recollected the substance of them, and from 
thence some general reflections thereon, and from thence 
drew a character of their author, so far only as by plain 
and natural inferences may be gathered from their 
contents. This was not performed in a manner worthy of 
the design, but hastily and incorrectly, which cost no 
more time than could be employed at one sitting in an 

* The Rev. Dr. Ralph Bohun, D.C.L., was a scholar at Winchester 
College, and was elected probationary fellow of New College, Oxford, at the 
early age of 19. In 1671 he wrote a Discourse on the History and Nature 
of Wind ; and in 1685, he completed his Doctor's degree. His connection 
with Evelyn's family arose from his having superintended the education of 
his son. 



afternoon; but in this short model, Mrs. Evelyn will 
appear to be the best daughter and wife, the most 
tender mother, and desirable neighbour and friend, in all 
parts of her hfe. The historical account of matters of 
fact sufficiently set forth her praises, wherein there could 
be no error or self-conceit; and declare her to be an 
exact pattern of many excellent Anrtues ; but they are 
concealed in such modest expressions, that the most 
envious censurers can't fix upon her the least suspicion 
of vanity or pride. Though she had many advantages 
of birth and beauty, and wit, yet you may perceive in 
her writings an humble indifference to all Avorldly 
enjoyments, great charity, and compassion to those that 
had disobliged her, and no memory of past occurrences, 
unless it were a grateful acknowledgment of some friendly 
office ; a vein of good-nature and resignation, and self- 
denial, runs through them all. There's nothing so despised 
in many of these letters as the fruitless and empty vanities 
of the town ; and they seem to pity the misfortunes of 
those who are condemned by their greater quality or 
stations to squander away their precious time in unpro- 
fitable diversions, or bestow it in courtly visits and con- 
versations. Where there happens to be any mention of 
children or friends, there is such an air of sincerity and 
benevolence for the one, and religious concern for the 
happiness of the other, as if she had no other design 
to live in the world than to perform her own dut}', and 
promote the welfare of her relations and acquaintance. 

There's another observation to be collected, not less 
remarkable than the rest, which is her indefatigable 
industry in employing herself, and more for the sake of 
others than her own : This she wrote, not out of vain 
glory, or to procure commendation, but to entertain 
them with whom she had a familiar correspondence by 
letters, with the relation of such accidents or business 
wherein she was engaged for the month or the week 

This was a peculiar felicity in her way of writing, that 
though she often treated of vulgar and domestic subjects, 
she never sufiered her style to languish or flag, but by 
some new remark or pleasant digression kept it up to its 
usual pitch. 


The reproofs in any of these numerous letters were so 
softly insinuated, that the greatest punishment to be 
inflicted upon any disobligation was only to have the 
contrary virtue to the fault they had been guilty of, highly 
applauded in the next correspondence, which was ever so ' 
managed as to please and improve. 

Scarce an harsh expression, much less any evil surmise 
or suspicion, could be admitted where every line was 
devoted to charity and goodness. This is no effect of 
partiality, but appears in the particular instances, so that 
the same judgment must be made by all unprejudiced 
persons who shall have a sight of them. 

Any misfortune or disappointment was not mournfully 
lamented, but related in such a manner as became a mind 
that had laid in a sufficient provision of courage and 
patience beforehand to support it under afflictions. All 
unfortunate accidents are allayed by some consolatory 
argument taken from solid principles. No kind of trouble, 
but one, seems to interrupt the constant intention to 
entertain and oblige ; but that is dolorously represented 
in many of the letters ; which is the loss of children or 
friends. That being an irreparable separation in this 
world, is deplored with the most affectionate tenderness 
which words can express. You may conclude that they 
who write in such a manner as this, must be supposed 
to have a just sense of religion, because there can scarce 
be assigned one act of a beneficent and charitable temper 
but has many texts of the Gospel to enforce it. So that all 
good Christians must be very useful and excellent neigh- 
bours and friends; which made this lady ever esteemed 
so. She was the delight of all the conversations where she 
appeared, she Avas loved and admired, yet never envied 
by any, not so much as by the women, who seldom allow 
the perfections of their own sex, lest they eclipse their 
own ; but as this very manifestly and upon all occasions 
was her temper, the world was very grateful to her upon 
that account. This happiness was gained and preserved 
by one wise qualification ; for though no person living had 
a closer insight into the humours or characters of persons, 
or could distinguish their merits more nicely, yet she 
never made any despising or censorious reflections : her 
great discernment and wit were never abused to sully 


the reputation of others, nor nffected any applause that 
might be gained by satirical jests. Though she was 
extremely valued, and her friendship prized and sought 
for by them of the highest condition, yet she ever treated 
those of the lowest Avith great condescension and humanity. 
The memory of her virtues and benefits made such deep 
impression on her neighbours of Deptford and Greenwich, 
that if any one should bring in another report from this, 
or what was generally received among them, they would 
condemn it as false, and the effect of a slanderous calumny : 
either they would never yield that any change shoidd 
happen to this excellent lady, or they'd impute it to 
sickness, or time, or chance, or the unavoidable frailties 
of human nature. But I have somewhat digressed from 
my subject, which was to describe her person or perfections 
no otherwise than may be gathered from the letters I 
received ; * they contain historical passages and accounts 
of any more or less considerable action or accident that 
came to her knowledge, with diverting or serious reflec- 
tions as the subject required, but generally in an equal 
and chaste style, supported by a constant gravity, never 
descending to affected sallies of ludicrous wit. 

It's to be further observed, that though she recites and 
speaks French exactly, and understands Italian, yet she 
confines herself with such strictness to the puiity of the 
English tongue, that she never introduces foreign or 
adopted words. That there's a great steadiness and 
equality in her thoughts, and that her sense and expres- 
sions have a mutual dependence on each other, may be 
inferred from hence — you shall never perceive one per- 
plexed sentence, or blot, or recalling a word in more than 
twenty letters. 

Many persons with whom she conversed or were related 
to her, or had any public part in the world, were honoured 
by very lively characters conferred on them, always just 
and full of discernment, rather inclining to the charitable 
side, yet no otherwise than as skilful masters who paint 
like, yet know how to give some graces and advantages to 
them whose pictures they draw. The expressions are 

* Copies of many letters to Dr. Bohun were fonnd at Wotton, but not 
thoae here referred to. Several of them will follow, with some addressed 
to other correspondents, as specimens of her manner and great good sense. 


clear and unaffected, the sentences frequent and grave, the 
remarks judicious, the periods flowing and long, after the 
Ciceronian way ; yet though they launch out so far, they 
are strict to the rules of grammar, and ever come safe 
home at last without any obscurity or incoherence 
attending them. 

I will only give one instance of a person who was 
characterised by her in a more favourable manner than he 
durst presume that he deserved; however, to show the 
method of her writing, I shall set it down. "I believe 
(such an one) to be a person of much wit, great know- 
ledge, judicious and discerning, charitable, well natured, 
obhging in conversation, apt to forget and forgive injuries, 
eloquent in the pulpit, living according to known precepts, 
faithful to his friend, generous to his enemy, and in every 
respect accomplished ; this in om* vulgar way is a desirable 
character, but you'll excuse if I judge unrefinedly who 
have the care of cakes and stilling, and sweetmeats and 
such useful things." 

Mrs. Evelyn has been often heard to say concerning 
the death of her admirable and beloved daughter, that 
though she had lost her for ever in this world yet she 
would not but that she had been, because many pleasing 
ideas occur to her thoughts that she had conversed with 
her so long, and been made happy by her for so many 

Oxon, 1695, Sept. 20. 

fTliis cliaracter of Mrs. Evelyn would appear to have been written 
liiirteen years before her death. She outlived her husband nearly three 
years, and, by her will dated in February 1708-9 (the year and montli of 
her deatli), desired to be buried in a stone coffin near tliat of '•' my dear 
husband, whose love and friendship I was happy in, fifty-eight years nine 
months ; but by God's providence left a disconsolate widow, the 27th day of 
February, 1705, in the 71st year of my age. His care of my education 
was sucli as might become a father, a lover, a friend, and husband ; for 
instruction, tenderness, affection, and fidelity to the last moment of his life ; 
which obligation I mention with a gratitude to his memory, ever dear to 
me ; and I must not omit to own the sense I have of my parent's care and 
goodness, in placing me in such worthy hands."] 



To Mr. Bohun.-' 

I am concerned you should be absent wlien you 
might confirm the suffrages of your fellow collegiots, and 
see the mistress both Universities court ; a person who has 
not her equal possibly in the world, so extraordinary a 
woman she is in all things. I acknowledge, though I 
remember her some years since and have not been a 
stranger to her fame, I was surprised to find so much 
extravagancy and vanity in any person not confined 
within four walls. Her habit particular, fantastical, not 
unbecoming a good shape, which she may truly boast of. 
Her face discovers the facility of the sex, in being yet 
persuaded it deserves the esteem years forbid, by the 
infinite care she takes to place her curls and patches. 
Her mien surpasses the imagination of poets, or the 
descriptions of a romance heroine's greatness; her gracious 
bows, sea.sonable nods, courteous stretching out of her 
hands, twinkling of her eyes, and various gestures of 
approbation, show what may be expected from her dis- 
course, which is as airy, empty, whimsical, and rambling 
as her books, aiming at science, difficulties, high notions, 

• This letter appears to describe the impression produced on the writer by 
that interview with Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle, to which reference is 
made in the Diary, vol. ii. p. 23: " Went again with my wife to the Duchess 
of Newcastle, who received her in a kind of transport, suitable to her 
extravagant humour and dress, which was very singular." The date tliere- 
fore will be 1C67. 


terminating commonly in nonsense, oaths, and obscenity. 
Her way of address to people, more than necessarily sub- 
missive; a certain general form to all, obliging, by repeating 
affected, generous, kind expressions ; endeavouring to show 
humility by calling back things past, still to improve her 
present greatness and favour to her friends. I found 
Doctor Charlton with her, complimenting her wit and 
learning in a high manner ; which she took to be so much 
her due that she swore if the schools did not banish 
Aristotle and read Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle, they 
did her wrong, and deserved to be utterly abolished. My 
part was not yet to speak, but admire ; especially hearing 
her go on magnifying her OAvn generous actions, stately 
buildings, noble fortune, her lord's prodigious losses in 
the war, his power, valour, wit, learning, and industry, 
— what did she not mention to his or her own advantage ? 
Sometimes, to give her breath, came in a fresh admirer; 
then she took occasion to justify her faith, to give an 
account of her religion, as new and unintelligible as her 
philosophy, to cite her own pieces line and page in such 
a book, and to tell the adventures of some of her nymphs. 
At last I grew weary, and concluded that the creature 
called a chimera which I had heard speak of, was 
now to be seen, and that it was time to retire for fear 
of infection; yet I hope, as she is an original, she 
may never have a copy. Never did I see a woman so 
full of herself, so amazingly vain and ambitious. "What 
contrary miracles does this age produce. This lady and 
Mrs. Philips ! * The one transported with the shadow of 
reason, the other possessed of the substance and insensible 
of her treasure ; and yet men who are esteemed wise and 
learned, not only put them in equal balance, but suffer 
the greatness of the one to weigh down the certain real 
worth of the other. This is all I can requite your rare 
verses with ; which as much surpass the merit of the person 
you endeavour to represent, as I can assure you this 
description falls short of the lady I would make you 
acquainted with : but she is not of mortal race, and there- 
fore cannot be defined. 


* The once "matchless Orinda ;" now forgotten. An edition of her 
poems had come out during the present year. 


To Mr. Bohun. 

May 21, 1668. 

If it be true that we are generally inclined to covet 
what we admire, I can assure you my ambition aspires not 
to the fame of Balzac, and therefore must not thank you 
for entitling me to that great name. I do not admire his 
style, nor emulate the spirit of discontent which runs 
through all his letters. There is a lucky hit in reputation, 
which some obtain by the defect in their judges, rather 
than from the greatness of their merit : the contrary may 
be instanced in Doctor Donne, who, had he not been really 
a learned man, a libertine in wit and a courtier, might 
have been allowed to write well; but I confess in my 
opinion, with these qualifications he falls short in his 
letters of the praises some give him. 

Voiture seems to excel both in quickness of fancy, 
easiness of expression, and in a facile way of insinuating 
that he was not ignorant of letters, an advantage the 
Court air gives persons who converse with the world as 

I wonder at nothing more than at the ambition of 
printing letters; since, if the design be to produce wit 
and learning, there is too little scope for the one ; and the 
other may be reduced to a less compass than a sheet 
of gilt paper, unless truth were more communicative. 
Business, love, accidents, secret displeasure, family in- 
trigues, generally make up the body of letters ; and can 
signify very little to any besides the persons they are 
addressed to, and therefore must lose infinitely by being 
exposed to the unconcerned. Without this declaration, I 
hope I am sufficiently secure never to run the hazard of 
being censured that way; since I cannot suspect my 
friends of so much unkindness, nor myself of the vanity 
to wish fame on so doubtful a foundation as the caprice of 
mankind. Do not impute my silence to neglect. Had you 
seen me these ten days continually entertaining persons 
of different humour, age, and sense, not only at meals, or 
afternoon, or the time of a civil visit, but from morning 
till night, you will be assured it was impossible for me to 
finish these few lines sooner ; so often have I set pen to 
paper and been taken off again, that I almost despaired 


to let you know my satisfaction that Jack * complies so 
well with your desires, and that I am your friend and 
servant, M. Evelyn. 

To Sir Samuel Tuke. 

I think myself obliged, since this is the day 
designed for your happiness, to express the part I take in 
your joy, and join my wishes for the continuance of it. 
The favour you intend me on Monday I receive with much 
satisfaction, but fear you will not afibrd it us long, when 
you find the many inconveniences of a little house, a 
disordered family, and the difference in judgments; all 
which may be dispensed with, whilst health, the discretion 
of servants, and other accidents, permit ; but should there 
be a miscarriage in any of these, the end of our joining 
families ceases, and I, who am sensible of my own defects 
and tender of my friends^ contentment, cannot entertain 
the hopes you will be sufferers many days. Let not this 
surprise you, since it proceeds from a cautiousness in my 
nature, which will not suffer me to engage, where I have 
any part to act, with that assurance some are more happy 
in; therefore prepare your lady with the nicety of my 
temper, and the truth of this, that I may not pass in either 
opinions for a person that promises more than can be 
performed by. Sir, your humble servant, 

M. E. 

To Mr. Bohun. 

gjj^ July 17, 1668, 

By honest John and my last to Jack, you have 
learnt Sir Samuel is entered into the state of matrimony. 
I do assure you, if marriage were the happy establishment 
in his opinion, he has made choice of a wife every way 
worthy of him, for person, quality, wit, good mien, and 
severe virtue ; her piety cannot be questioned after living 
seven years a canoness, which includes all the strictness 

* Her son, then at College under Mr. Bohon's care. 

12 LETTEllS OF MRS. EVELYN. [1668. 

of a nun, the vow only excepted. They are both here at 
present, and will remain some time till they can fit them- 
selves for housekeeping; I am generally well pleased with 
such favours from my friends, and I am extremely satisfied 
with the conversation of this fair lady. I am apt, I confess, 
to enlarge the characters of them I esteem, but to be just 
to the merit of this person I ought to say much more. I 
will suppose your college aflairs take up much of your 
time, and that your diversions in Oxford are very charming; 
yet neither should make you so absolutely forget Deptford 
and those in it, as not to impart some of your pleasant 
thoughts, at spare moments especially, knowing how well 
we receive your letters, and how naturally our sex loves 
novelty, that I cannot but accuse you of unkindness; 
however, I am, Your friend and servant, 

M. E. 

To my Brother Glanville* in Prance. 


I have received your kind letter, and am not 
astonished Mr. Fuller finds so great a difference between 
a French pension and Woodcott table. Let him know 
eating is the least design of travellers; that particular 
waived, I still persevere in the defence of France ; and will 
believe, when you have overcome the difficulties of the 
language, and gained some acquaintance amongst the 
better sort, visited the Court, seen the noble buildings and 
pleasant seats in and about Paris, you will render to what 
has been related to you, that it is an excellent country, 
wherein indeed riches are partially distributed, yet employed 
to great use and ornament. The people are a little various 
in their tempers, for which blame the several nations from 
which they are descended; but all agreeing in the desire to 
enlarge their bounds, and augment the glory of the prince 
under whom the most of them do but breathe. I am sorry 
it was not my good fortune to stay till you came, or your 
lot to come when I was there, that I might have been 

• See Diary, vol. ii. p. 367, for a character of Mr. Glanville, who had 
married Evelyn's sister. The letter is undated, but the mention of Lord 
Arlington's influence seems to fix the year as that immediately following 
Clarendon's disgrace, and the triumph of the Cabal ; namely 1668-9. 


assisting to your conversation. An ambassador is daily 
threatened to be sent from hence, but it is not yet decided 
which of the two able statesmen shall carry it — the Lord 
Buchan, or Mr. R. Montagu; since it does not depend on 
their abilities for the employment, but their being disposed 
to marry my Lord Arhngton^s wife's sister, as the neces- 
sary article to arrive to that dignity. When either is 
declared, you shall not fail of the address you desire. In 
the meantime any English gentleman must be well received 
by my Lord of St. Alban's. Though your eye be con- 
tinually over my cousin your son, and your care as great 
as a tender and knowing parent's can be, yet I am 
persuaded you will find the breeding in an academy the 
likeliest way to answer all ends except that of expense, 
which must be greater there than elsewhere ; but not to be 
valued, considering the advantages of good conversation, 
the emulation which young persons of good birth raise in 
one another, the learning all manly exercises in community, 
and the gaining a good air and assurance best acquired by 
example, which works most with such ingenious and 
observing tempers as my cousin seems to be. The orders 
are generally good, the discipline strict, and, I am informed, 
the chief master in our time has left a nephew that not 
only equals but excels him ; and is also of the religion.* If 
you are inclined to take this course with my nephew this 
winter, you will find him out in the Faubourg St. Germain, 
so pleasant a part of the town I admire you can live out of 
it. When you walk to the Charity, if you inquire for the 
Rue Farrene you may see how pleasantly our house was 
situated. I fear you will judge I mention Paris with that 
affection persons in age remember the satisfaction of their 
youth, to which happiness was the nearest, at least in their 
opinion, and so past that there is no hopes of a return. 
Such, I confess, in part are my thoughts of that place, but 
must not flatter myself you will confirm me in them, who 
arrive there in a more discerning age, and carry with you 
a little prejudice against the people ; yet something is to be 
expected from the justice of your nature in their behalf, 
and from the goodness of your nature in mine. Excuse 
the liberty of, Your affectionate sister, 

M. E. 

* A Protestant, Mrs. Evelyn means. 

14 LETTERS OF MRS. EVELYN. [1668-9. 


To Mr. Terryll in IrelandS 

Feb. 10, 1668-9. 

I have received yours with the enclosed to 
Mr. Bohun, which shall be conveyed to him with care. 
I am not to doubt of your good reception where your 
merit is well understood ; I am rather to wish you may 
not meet with engagements to keep you long out of this 
country, which, if so unhappy as to impart vices to its 
neighbours, cannot boast of many virtues to spare. This 
may truly be esteemed an admiring age, if distance from 
what is worthy define it well ; and what leads me to this 
opinion is the strange veneration paid to the ruins of 
ancient structures, greater than the entire edifices ever 
could pretend to; a sort of justice virtue challenges in our 
time, and leaves the practice to the choice of the succeed- 
ing age. To inform you of what passes here cannot be 
acceptable, since I suppose you are, not without the usual 
curiosity of travellers, desirous to collect foreign novelties ; 
which, should you be exempt from, little is worth commu- 
nicating to you from hence. The censure of our plays 
comes to me at the second hand. There has not been any 
new lately revived and reformed, as Catiline, well set 
out with clothes and scenes; Horace, with a farce and 
dances between every act, composed by Lacy and played 
by him and Nell, which takes ;t one of my Lord of 
Newcastle's, for which printed apologies ar6 scattered in 
the assembly by Briden's order, either for himself who had 
some hand in it, or for the author most ; I think both had 
right to them.* State affairs I am not likely to give you an 
account of, if Mr. B.'s character be taken of me, who 

• Mr. Terrj-U was the son of Sir Timothy (variously called by Evelyn, 
Tirrill, TjTell, and Tyrill), as to whom see vol. i. 275 and 383 ; vol. iL 99 ; 
and vol. iii. 308. 

+ See Pepyt' Diary, last edition, voL v. p. 89. " Horace " was a poor 
truiisl&tion of Comeille's tragedy by Mrs. Philips. See L'velyn's Diary, voL i. 
p. o2, where Evel^-n contrasts the virtue of the autlioreas with that of the 
ladies (Castlemaine and others) before whom he saw it performed. 

X An entry in the Diary of Pepys (voL v. pp. 100, 10 J) will probably 
explain this allusion. 

1668-9.] LETTERS OF MRS. EVELYN. 15 

fancies I know nothing of the Dutch war till the guns 
went off at Chatham ; and in my own concerns the most 
important good-fortune which has befallen me of late is 
the honour I have had to kiss my lady your mothei-^s 
hands, with two of your listers, whose stay in town being 
short as well as mine deprived me of the satisfaction I 
rejoiced much in. My father and Mr. Evelyn are infinitely 
your servants, and I am, 

Sir, your humble, &c. 

To Mr. Terryll in Ireland. 

Had I not been assured by some of your friends 
that you were upon your return into England about 
Easter, I should not have omitted my acknowledgments 
for your obliging letter; but since finding, upon better 
information, that good fortune is not so near, give me 
leave to beg your excuse for an undesigned fault, and 
inquire farther what can be the charms of a place which 
has not only invited but detained persons of so much wit 
and merit in it ? Can it be the natives' fame for learning 
of late years which is the powerful attraction ? or the Irish 
beauties above those of other countries, which engages 
through such dangerous seas? It cannot be judged by 
Mr. Terryll that interest only should be the motive ; 
thfere must be something more reasonable than rich fields 
and herds to souls so much raised above the vulgar. But 
I will give a stop to my curiosity, and satisfy myself that 
the same prudence which was our guide here accompanies 
you everywhere, and will maintain your choice of every 
thing but friends, which admits of no objection except 
the permission you give me to be of the number ; yet I 
am certainly as much as any. 

Sir, your most, &c. 

To my Brother Glanville in France. 


I have received yours of the 25th May, and will 
hope mine in answer to your first came safe to you, since 
it passed under your niece's cover. Of any person I 


know, you bad the least reason to visit France, either to 
improve mien, "wit, or style, since all necessary accom- 
plishments were ever granted you ; but I acknowledge a 
nicer way of raillery is practised where you live tlian is 
used amongst us, or you would never address yourself to 
me for lessons in an art too well understood by you 
already. All I pretend to is, to keep myself on the defen- 
sive ; plainness and sincerity are my best guards ; I confess 
beauty and youth sometimes stand in need of subtlety 
and stratagems to evade and rescue them from the 
surprises of men, but persons wanting those charms are 
sufficiently secured from any attacks that may exercise 
the invention. Your return hither will be very pleasing 
to your friends. I imagine you so furnished with such 
critical and pleasant remarks of the countries, people, and 
customs, that, should you oppose former characters of 
France, your relation would be rendered to, as being latest 
and made with most judgment. Yet let not curiosity pass 
in your opinion for the only inducement which makes me 
desire your return, since your merit challenges my best 
wishes, which shall accompany you till I can assure you 
in a better manner how much I am. 

Sir, &c. 


To mij Brother Glanville at Wotton. 

Sept. 21, 1670. 

I will not study much or long to excuse those 
weak tears you so slight and condemn in women, as 
beUeving they are always at our command, but I can 
assure you neither the flesh-pots nor the onions caused 
them in me. I have often been as nobly and as civilly 
entertained at Wotton,* and yet have I parted with dry 
eyes. It is reality and kindness which gains upon my 
spirit. I will not deny but a confusion of thoughts 
proceeding from gratitude, a sense of my own want of 

* The reader may be reminded that Evelyn did not succeed to the 
paternal estate of AVotton till after his elder brother George's death ; 
nearly thirty years after the date of this letter. 


merit, an apprehension I should make unequal returns, 
with the approaching loss of so much happiness, produced 
those unusual and unseasonable effects in me, though 
common in others, Avithout the least mixture of pride or 
emulation. This your severity will hardly allow of, but 
when you shall learn more of my nature and the secrets 
of my heart, which I wish you already knew, so I might 
be spared the telling them, because advantageous to me, 
and which are not concealed from you out of the least 
distrust of your discretion or friendship, but from niceness 
I cannot very well justify. Sometimes philosophical 
reflections have been of use to me, but I was surprised 
Avith abundance of kindness, of which you may justly 
claim a large share, since I am, &c. 

To Mrs. Evelyn of Woodcot. 

Sept. 26, 1670. 
Dear Sister, 

The indisposition which you carried out of town, 
and the solitude you live in, gives me a desire to inquire 
after your health, and a title to interrupt your melancholy 
thoughts," though it be but with the assurance of our 
wishes for your perfect recovery. One who is of so 
judicious a temper as you are, cannot, if you give your 
reason leave to act, but be armed against all accidents 
which may disturb your quiet in a great measure. I 
confess to be wholly insensible of sorrow or misfortune is 
as little to be wished, as it is seldom to be found; since 
the inequalities of human life contribute much to the 
happiness of it, so that the variety of ills prove not the 
greater share ; which hitherto your condition seems to have 
exempted you from. It is true you have newly lost a 
friend and a guide, but you have it now more absolutely 
in your own power to be whatever prudence and generosity 
dictates to you. And as you have it in your power, so I am 
confident it is in your will to oblige and gratify a friend, 
especially one who may challenge your kindness in some 

* The death of her husbaud (Evelyn's biothex* Ricliai-J) had taken place 
a few months before. — See2)ia?y, vol. ii. pp. 44-5. 

VOL. IV. c 


sort upon tlie account of avowed serWces and much worth, 
one who has pursued your satisfaction preferably to his 
own interest, which shows he has a true sense of honour, — 
and not to keep you longer in suspense with the character 
of a person, better known to you by his actions than by 
any description I can make of hiui, it can be no other 
than my brother Glanvil ; who certainly, being named, 
tells you wherein you may acknowledge past obligations 
and engage him for the future, by advancing his preten- 
sions to my Lady Lewtner. Possibly you may think it 
early to propose anything of that nature to a discreet 
widow and your own sister, who it may be you could wish 
might never have any thoughts of changing her condition, 
upon like resolutions of your own ; but be assured, persons 
so considerable for beauty, virtue, and fortune, will never 
enjoy that calm of those thoughts long ; attempts will be 
made ; persons of all degrees of merit and sufficient quality 
will make addresses, and value themselves by breaking 
through those rules of decency that they may be the first 
discoverers of their extreme ; therefore you ought not to 
blame my brother if he has already given marks of his, 
who from a long knowledge of my Lady's great merit and 
obUging nature, has taken courage to lay himself at her 
feet ; from whence he must not hope to be raised if she 
were of a haughty mind, that could allow of no happiness 
but in great titles and vast riches (in which certainly it is 
not wholly to be placed) ; but did it consist in either, she 
is so secured by a large provision of both, that she need 
not require an addition from a husband ; all that seems 
to be required is, her choice in a man that can value her 
perfections, be a friend to her interests, and make her 
happiness his own ; which qualifications may assuredly be 
allowed my brother, who protests with all imaginable zeal 
and sincerity that he has no other design but her satis- 
faction and advantage, and to live with honour the rest of 
his days, towards which who would not that could assist, 
aud who better can than yourself; an endeavour which 
acquits your obligations to a sister that you love, and a 
friend that you value ; which that you will do cannot be 
thought strange, but that I should concern myself in my 
Lady Lewtner^s affairs may appeal* so, being neither 
solicited by my brother, who knows nothing of my 


presumption in his behalf, nor called to council by you who 
need no advice to do Avell ; however let me beg of you to 
give a favourable construction to this freedom, and believe 
it proceeds from the kindest intentions I can express, 
since I am, Dear sister, your, &c. 

To Mrs. Evelyn of Woodcot. 

Dear Sister, 

I very much rejoice in the improvement of your 
health, and do still persist in my opinion that you may 
owe much of your happiness and quiet to your own 
prudence. I also continue to believe that my brother 
Glanvil deserves very much from you; and you have 
rightly guessed my meaning by the intrigue between ray 
cousin Will and my niece, which would have proved no 
dishonour to him had he resolved to succeed in it, since 
we judge of things of that nature commonly by the event, 
and not from the means, but he being tender of your 
satisfaction made honour a very nice point. Give me leave 
to rectify a little mistake in Mr. Evelyn's behalf, who 
though he might often wish one of the name worthy of my 
niece, never declared for my cousin Will more than that, 
if she should think him sufficiently deserving, with my 
brother and your consent, it was not a choice to be con- 
temned and deplored, since he is likely to make a very 
good man; and farther than such a reply I believe he 
never made to several discourses on that subject, urged at 
several times by many of our relations and acquaintance. 
As to my Lady Le^vtner's concern, I do acknowledge 1 
ought not to have gone so far had I not flattered myself 
with the hopes of your embracing any proposition so much 
to my brother's advantage ; but possibly you have reasons 
in reserve more powerful than those which are visible to 
the world against him ; and it is not my single opinion, 
but the belief of many others, that my Lady, your sister, 
though never so prudent and cautious, may not injure 
herself in marrying such a person as he is ; yet I will not 
importune you to be his advocate since you declare so 
positive a dislike to second marriages in general, the only 
excuse you can make for not being his friend in this 




particular, be it on the account of gratitude or kindness, 
the word signifies little where the intention is friendly ; 
exceptions against such strict rules ai'e daily made, and 
experience shows that as unequal fall out, therefore I shall 
make the less apology for the failings of 

Your humble servant, 

M. E. 

To my Cousin Mary Evelyn. 

Sept. 28, 1670. 

Bear Cousin, 

I have had often cause to acknowledge the noble 
entertainment and great civilities I have received at 
Wotton, but I never was more sensible of my obligations 
to my brother and yourself, than at present, from a full 
persuasion I was never treated with more reality and 
kindness, which gains infinitely upon such a temper as 
mine is : I wish you were as well inclined to believe as I 
am that passage in Scripture reasonable, which advises a 
woman not only to leave, but to forget her father's house 
for a husband, and as well assured you should meet with 
as worthy and deserving a family as I have done. Some 
part of this you will think strange doctrine, but I seriously 
beg of you not to persist in your opinions concerning 
marriage, and that you will conform to so good a father's 
desires as you have in this particular, and endeavour to 
establish your happiness beyond his life, which, that you 
may long enjoy, with all other blessings I heartily wish, 
being Your affectionate 

M. E. 

To Mrs. Evelyn of Wotton. 


Dear Cousin, 

I am 80 well persuaded of your good nature and 
merit, and so sensible of your best civility, that I wish for 
a more important occasion to express the desire I have to 
serve you. I have endeavoured to perform your commands 
in fitting my little niece with a mantle coat, bodice coat. 


petticoat, narrow shoes and stockings, whicli I bespake two 
sizes less than any that are made for a child of a year old. 
If they prove to nurse^s mind, or have any fault, let me 
know it that the next may be the same or more exact. I was 
not willing to send all, believing it some difficulty to fit the 
lady by guess. Though you never want very good com- 
pany, I cannot but wish myself sometimes two or three 
hours in n day with you, to be a witness of the pleasant 
conversation I fancy such wits as Mr. Duncan and others 
of that strain afford you. I hope my cousin Mary is 
perfectly recovered ; that your father, husband, uncle, 
and brother are in perfect health, to whom my father 
presents his most humble service and particularly to 
yourself; assure them of my humble service, and esteem 
me. Dear Cousin, 

Your humble servant, 

M. E. 

To her Son. 


I have received your letter and request for a 
supply of money ; but none of those you mention which 
were bare effects of your duty. If you were so desirous 
to answer our expectations as you pretend to be, you 
would give those tutors and overseers you think so exact 
over you, less trouble than I fear they have with you. 
Much is to be wished in your behalf : that your temper 
were humble and tractable, your inclinations virtuous, 
and that from choice, not compulsion, you make an honest 
man. Whatever object of vice comes before you, should 
have the same effect in your mind of dislike and aversion 
that drunkenness had in the youth of Sparta when their 
slaves were presented to them in that brutish condition, 
not only from the deformity of such a sight, but from a 
motive beyond theirs — the hope of a future happiness, which 
those rigorous heathens in moral virtue had little prospect 
of, finding no reward for virtue but in virtue itself. You 
are not too young to know that lying, defrauding, 
swearing, disobedience to parents and persons in au- 
thority, are offences to God and man : that debauchery 
is injurious to growth, health, life, and indeed to the 


pleasures of life ; therefore, now that you are turning from 
child to man, endeavour to follow the best precepts, and 
choose such ways as may render you worthy of praise and 
love. You ai'e assured of your father's care and my 
tenderness ; no mark of it shall be wanting at any time to 
confirm it to you, with this reserve only, that you strive 
to desene kindness by a sincere honest proceeding, and 
not flatter j'ourself that you are good whilst you only 
appear to be so. Fallacies will only pass in schools. 
When you thoroughly weigh these considerations, I hope 
you will apply them to your own advantage, as well as to 
our infinite satisfaction. I pray daily God would inspire 
you with his grace, and bless you. 
I am. 

Your loving motlier, 

M. Evelyn. 

To my Brother Glanville at West Dean. 

Decemher, 1670. 


Though I will not murmur that you prefer West 
Dean to Deptford to pass your Christmas in, since the 
attractive upon all accounts is so much more powerful, yet 
give me leave to lament the loss of so good conversation as 
I promised myself in yours : but to let you see I can prefer 
the satisfaction of a friend to my own, I will turn my 
complaints of you into good wishes for the success of so 
reasonable an address, as I am persuaded you are now 
making; and could I question any perfection in the ladies 
you so much admire, it would only be how one who deserves 
so well should so long dispute the merit of such a man as 
you are ; do not imagine I pretend to compliment in return 
of those civilities you pass upon our sex, since, ha\'ing the 
least title to your praises, I will have the least share in the 
acknowledgments; but to be just to you and serious in 
my opinion, I do repeat, what I have so often declared with 
sincerity in your concern, that might I, after such a loss 
as a good husband must be to a virtuous wife, hope to 
repair it by the choice of a second, I should not only hope, 
but think myself secure, when I had twenty years known 

1670-1.] LETTERS OF MRS. EVELYN. 28 

and conversed with the freedom which honour and friend- 
ship permits, with a person of so much Avit, good humour, 
generosity, prudence, and integrity as you possess ; one of 
so entire a reputation in the world, so generally esteemed, 
and so fortunate in obliging others, and, to conclude, above 
all one resolved to love me disinterestedly, without which I 
confess the rest would prevail but little. This my Lady 
Lewtner cannot be ignorant of; and being convinced 
that it is true, how is it possible she can resist her own 
happiness in making yours? what scruple can remain in 
the breast of a worthy woman, who finds all that is 
desirable in her power ? she may oblige you with her person 
and show her generosity too, since you will not pretend to 
equal her in fortune, though in nothing else inferior were 
articles to be drawn : I would take the liberty to own as 
much to the lady herself, were the acquaintance I have 
with her such as is requisite to recommend advice ; but I 
dare not offer my sense to be the guide of another's actions, 
though I flatter myself I do not err in this opinion : but 
what discourages me chiefly is the slight reception my 
sister Evelyn gave a few lines I writ to her on this 
subject, who I thought might have endeavoured more 
to your satisfaction than I find she is inclined to do, 
since not inconsistent with her own interest and the value 
she has for such a sister. Pardon the liberty I take to tell 
you my thoughts plainly, and the interruption I give those 
happy moments you now enjoy, to which I wish to bring 

To my Lady Tuke after the death of Sir Samuel Take. 

January 28, 1670-1. 


I acknowledge these are trials which make 
Christian philosophy useful, not only by a resignation to 
the Divine decree, but by that hope which encourages us 
to expect a more lasting happiness than any this world can 
give : without which we were extremely wretched, since 
no felicity here has any duration. We are solicitous to 
obtain, we fear whilst we possess, and we are inconsolable 
when we lose. The greatest conquerors themselves are 

24 LETTERS OF MRS. EVELYN. [1670-1. 

subject to this unsteady state of human nature ; let us not 
murmur then, for we offend ; and thougli in compliance to 
your present sense of things I could join with you in 
grieving, having made as particular a loss as ever any did 
in a friend, 1 dare not indulge your sorrow, especially when 
I consider how prejudicial it Mill prove to yourself and 
those dear pledges that are left to your care ; but I do 
rather beg of you cease grieving, and owe that to reason 
and prudence which time will overcome. Were I in so 
good health that I could quit my chamber, I would be 
daily with you and assure you how really I am concerned 
for you. You cannot doubt the affection of your, &c. 

To Mr. Bohun. 

Sayes-court, Jan. 29, 1670-1. 


If a friend be of infinite value living, how much 
cause have we to lament him dead ! Such a friend was 
Sir Samuel Tuke, who retired out of this life on St. Paul's 
day [25 Jan.] at midnight, and has changed the scene to 
him and us, and left occasion to all that knew him to 
bewail the loss. You need not to be made sensible by a 
character of a person you knew so well, and you can 
enumerate virtues enough to lament and shed some tears 
justly ; therefore spare me the sorrow of repeating wliat 
eflFect it has wrought on such a mind as mine, who think 
no misfortune worth regretting besides the loss of those I 
love. Do not blame me if I believe it almost impossible 
to meet with a person so worthy in himself, and so 
disposed to esteem me again; and yet that is not the 
chiefest cause of my affliction. I might waive much of my 
own interest, had I not so many partners that will suffer 
equally. These are the trials which make Christian 
philosophy useful, not only by a resignation to the Divine 
decree, but by that hope which encourages us to expect 
a more lasting happiness than any this world can give, 
without which we were extremely wretched, since no 
felicity here has any duration. The greatest conquerors 
themselves arc subject to this unsteady state of liumau 
nature, therefore well may I submit, whose concerns are 


trivial in respect of others. Yet this I conclude, that we 
die by degrees when our friends go before us. But whilst 
I discourse thus with you, I should consider what effects 
melancholy reflections may have on a splenetic person, 
one who needs not cherish that temper. I will only add 
that I am now able to quit my chamber, which is more 
than I could do these fourteen days, and that 
I am, Sir, 

Your servant, 

M. Evelyn. 

To Mr. Bohun. 

a 1671. 


I must believe you are very busy, hearing so 

seldom from you, and that you are much in the esteem of 

Dr. Bathurst,* since he judges so favourably of your 

friends. It cannot be the effect of his discernment which 

makes him give sentence in my behalf, being so great a 

master of reason as he is ; but it is certainly a mark of 

his great kindness to you that he defers to your judgment 

in opposition to his own. I should not question yours in 

other things, but the wisest may be allowed some grains, 

and I conclude you no less a courtier than a philosopher. 

Since my last to you I have seen " The Siege of Grenada," 

a play so full of ideas that the most refined romance I ever 

read is not to compare with it : love is made so pure, and 

valour so nice, that one would imagine it designed for an 

Utopia rather than our stage. I do not quarrel with the 

poet, but admire one born in the decline of morality 

should be able to feign such exact virtue ; and as poetic 

fiction has been instructive in former ages, I wish this the 

same event in ours. As to the strict law of comedy I 

dare not pretend to judge : some think the division of the 

story not so well as if it could all have been comprehended 

in the day^s actions : truth of history, exactness of time, 

possibilities of adventures, are niceties the ancient critics 

might require ; but those who have outdone them in fine 

* Dr. Ralph Bathnrst, Dean of Wells, and President of Trinity College, 
in Oxford, whose Life and Literary Remains were published by Thomas 


notions may be allowed the liberty to express them their 
own way, and the present world is so enlightened that the 
old dramatic must bear no sway. This account perhaps is 
not enough to do Mr. Dryden right, yet is as much as you 
can expect from the leisure of oue who has the care of a 
nursery. I am, Sir, &c. 

M. Evelyn. 

To Mr, Bohun. 

Sir, ^"^'''^'- 

I wish you had remembered my answer to some 
discourses you held before your departure concerning my 
cousin Glanville : it might have spared you the trouble, 
and my cousins the importunity, of a proposition not at all 
to their advantage or our satisfaction, since Jack is 
designed for the law in good earnest, in which he can 
make little progress, should marriage intervene; neither 
will his grandfather, father, and myself sacrifice him for a 
fortune, but shall rest satisfied with sxich a mediocrity as 
may be obtained with stratagem when his age and discretion 
will allow of that tie. Besides, having heard my cousin had 
intentions to bestow his daughter and fortune upon one 
of his name, it would not become us to select for ourselves 
to the prejudice of a relation we should willingly assist ; 
therefore, upon the account of generosity or mistaken 
interest, let this design die as civilly as you can : when 
your time permits you to think of coming to town, you 
need not question your being welcome at Deptford : we are 
all well in health; all our relations are in town, your 
Deptford friends are well, and I am, 

Sir, vour servant, 

M. E. 

To my Brother Glanville. 

„ Oct. 8, 1671. 


I have of late fancied myself very well established 

in your good opinion ; I will not examine merit or the 

causes of things too strictly for fear I return to doubts 

again : your last confirms my belief, being a very obliging 


letter. Love cannot be the motive from a man pre- 
possessed, nor can interest in either of us be the induce- 
ment ; it must then be concluded a mutual disposition to 
like one another's inclinations and tempers, which we 
will call friendship, and which, from this day forward, let 
neither piquant raillery nor pleasant interrupt, let neither 
censure nor whisper destroy; and if you sign these 
articles you shall never complain of a breach on my side. 
"Well, what do you think of widows ? are they not odd 
creatures ? There is now a lady, newly a fine prize, near 
you. Who hovers about her yet ? Can twenty years esteem 
of the Sussex lady change into a violent passion for the 
Dorking lady ? If need were, cannot you imagine more 
probability in an address there, than the other way ; were 
she as considerable, I would advise it : but when one goes 
to yoke oneself one would be glad it should be veiy 
easy ; consideration of religion and fortune will come into 
one's head whether one will or no : and then, it may be, 
my friend Glanville is a happier man with liberty than so 
engaged ; for marriage to such minds as yours and mine 
requires plenty and quiet, without which considerations, 
keep as you are, master of yourself; take heart, and, let 
fortune throw cross or pile, be merry, and always a friend 
to one that will ever be yours, since I am, 

Dear Brother, your afi'ectionate, 

M. E. 

To her Son. 

Oct. 9, 1671. 

Dear Jack, 

I do not question your being very happy in so 
fine a place and so good company, neither do I think you 
wholly pass your time in diversion. I wish you early 
wisdom ; it may prevent late repentance. Your father is 
gone a little journey with Mr. Treasurer, to Newmarket, 
and to my Lord Arlington's upon his earnest invitation ; * 
your grandfather is newly recovered of a fit of the gout; your 

* It was on this occasion that Evelyn dined familiarly with the King, and 
was witness of " fondness and toying " highly characteristic of the time. — 
See Diary, vol. ii. p. 63. 


sisters are all well except Moll, who, I fear, has taken a 
cold which may end in an ague. Mrs. Durfe comes down 
stairs after your sister Susan's fashion, she is yet so weak ; 
we have been like to lose Mrs. Turner, but she is now 
passed danger; we shall certainly lose Madam Howard, 
and your spouse who is this night arrived, if the news hold 
that Sir Thomas Osborne brings his family this next 
summer to Deptford ; Mr. Bohun sticks so close to his 
Spanish brother that we seldom see him ; I have rare 
chocolate of his presenting for you. The foul weather 
and storms at sea have produced many shipwrecks and 
strange escapes. A seaman of this toMn, being the 
twentieth in a rotten ship boat, which sunk by their 
weight, and the only one amongst them that could swim, 
endeavoured to save the life of two of his companions 
that laid hold of an oar by driving them to the shore ; but 
finding his skill and strength fail him he shook off one of 
the men, who gave him such a parting look so full of 
sorrow and pity, that though he came safe to land with 
his other companion, he cannot banish the thought of 
that dreadful farewell, nor almost forgive himself for not 
perishing with him. Another adventure of a Yarmouth 
fisherman, not less remarkable, who, being at sea when a 
great storm arose, alone in a little boat endeavoured to 
get to a bigger vessel which lay at anchor, but was 
loosened by the storm and set a drift, which he would 
have recovered, but in the attempt lost his oars, the waves 
dashing over him, so as he was almost overturned into 
the sea; when he saw a ship not far off, towards which he 
made, and by signs implored aid, which they speedily 
granted, and hauled him aboard. Few hours after, God 
gave him an occasion to show his gratitude ; they being 
strangers, unacquainted with the coast, and in great 
danger of striking against the sands, which this old 
seaman perceiving, though he could not be understood by 
them in words, made them sensible by taking the rudder 
hastily from the steersman and turning another course, 
and so brought them safe to Yarmouth, where he saw his 
own abandoned barque returned safe also freighted with as 
many men as she could bring to harbour, which seemed 
to be a kind of providence for the safety of these men, 
who else had perished in a bigger vessel. To this accident 


it were desirable that some fine lady had made an escape 
to complete the adventure, which might have given you a 
subject for a copy of verses, — but what may not a poet 
add ? Amongst the ships that made the late discovery of 
the new strait, one had the ill fortune to perish with most 
of her men, and those few which escaped were preserved 
by the generosity of a seaman that could swim, who 
ventured five times with success to the rescue of five of 
his companions which he brought safe to shore, but 
perished endeavouring to bring in the sixth ; an attempt 
that merits a better fate, and not outdone in the Roman 
story, since more greatness of mind has not been often 
expressed. Were you here, there would be no end of 
these stories ; but it is time I finished this discourse, to 
remember my obligations to my brother for his favours 
to you, and to wish my cousin joy of the little one, since 
I hope the sorrowful hour is past. My service to my 
cousin Joe, to my cousin John, and to my cousin Mary 
when she returns. 

I am, vour loving mother, 
M. E. 

To Mrs. Alexander. 

Oct. 9, 1671. 

Since there has happened so much foul weather I have 
very much rejoiced that you did not make the Irish 
voyage, and do congratulate the safe arrival of your fair 
Ladies. Had you been very kind you would have passed 
some of your time at Deptford, but when I remember how 
little diversion there is here, and how ill you were treated, 
I forgive your long absence. I have sent your treasure, 
and approve of your generosity. Christian has left a 
small bundle for you, which Dubourg will deliver you. I 
hope it will not be long before I come to town, and if I 
can hear where to find you, I will endeavour to let you 
know it, that I may wait upon your Ladies, whose affec- 
tions you cannot fail of as soon as you are known to them. 
I have many strange adventures and remarkable escapes 
at sea to relate for the encouragement of one that were 
ready to embark; but since you are not in any such 
hazard, I will reserve them till I see you, and do wish you 

30 LETTERS OF MRS. EVELYN. [1671-2. 

established to your satisfaction : it is but what you merit, 
and it is what I would contribute to were I capable, since 
no person is more affectionately your friend, than is 

M. E. 


To Mr. Bofiun.* 

Sajfu-cwrlt March 2, 1671-2. 

When I have assured you that my usual indis- 
position has treated me so severely tliis winter, that I 
have had little leisure to think of anything but the means 
of gaining health and case, I am persuaded you will excuse 
me if I have not decided in my thoughts Avhich Mas the 
greatest captain, Caesar or Pompey ; whether M. De Rosny 
were not a great politician, a brave soldier, and the best 
servant that ever Prince had for capacity, fidelity, and 
steadiness, a man strangely disinterested, infinitely fortu- 
nate, and every way qualified to serve such a master as 
was Henry the Great, who, notwithstanding human frailties, 
was worthy to be faithfully dealt with, since he knew how 
to judge and to reward. But why do we always look back 
into times past ? we may not reproach our own, since here 
is at this present a scene for gallantry and merit, and 
whilst we may hope, we must not condemn. Should I 
tell you how full of sorrow I have been for the loss of 
Dr. Bretton,t you only would blame me; after death 
flattery ceases, therefore you may beheve there was some 
cause to lament, when thousands of weeping eyes witnessed 
the auction their souls were in ; one would have imagined 
every one in this parish had lost a father, brother, or 
husband, so great was the bewailing; and in earnest it 
does appear there never was a better nor a more worthy 
man. Such was his temper, prudence, charity, and good 
conduct, that he gained the weak and preserved the wise. 
The suddenness of his death was a surprise only to his 
friends ; as for himself it might be looked upon as a deliver- 

• Mr. Bohun had now completed his superintendence of young Evelyn's 
education, and gone into residence at Oxford, " having well and faithfully," 
■ays Evelyn, " perfonaed his charge." — See Diary, vol. ii. p. 53. 
) t Miaittcr <rf Deptford; Jie died in February, 1671-2. 


ance from pain, the eflFect of sickness ; and I am almost 
persuaded God snatched him from us, lest he might have 
been prevailed with bj the number of petitions to have 
left him still amongst us. If you suspect kindness in me 
makes me speak too much. Dr. Parr * is a person against 
whom you cannot object ; it was he who preached the 
funeral sermon, and as an effect of truth as well as 
eloquence he himself could not forbear weeping in the 
pulpit. It was his own expression that there were three 
for whom he had infinitely grieved, the martyred King, 
my Lord Primate, f and Dr. Bretton ; and as a con- 
firmation of the right that was done him in that oration, 
there was not a dry eye nor a dissenting person. But of 
this no more. 

M. Evelyn. 

To Mr. Bokm. 

Joutmary 4, 1672. 


Do not think my silence hitherto has proceeded 
from being taken up with the diversions of the town, 
the eclat of the Court gallantry, the entertainment of 
the wedding masquerades, which trebled their number 
the second night of the wedding that so there was great 
disorder and confusion caused by it, and with which the 
solemnity ended : neither can I charge the housewifery of 
the country after my return, or treating my neighbours 
this Christmas, since I never find any business or recrea- 
tion that makes me forget my friends. Should I confess 
the real cause, it is your expectation of extraordinary 
notions of things wholly out of my way. Women were not 
born to read authors, and censure the learned, to compare 
lives and judge of virtues, to give rules of morality, and 
sacrifice to the Muses. We are willing to acknowledge all 
time borrowed from family duties is misspent ; the care of 
children's education, observing a husband's commands, 

* Richard Parr, D.D., Vicar cf Reigate and Camberwell. He died 
Nov. 2, 1691. The funeral sermon alluded to was printed iu 1672. See 
Manning and Bray's History of Surrey, vol. i. p. 323. 

+ Archbishop Usher. 


assisting the sick, relieving the poor, and being serviceable 
to our friends, are of sufficient weight to employ the most 
improved capacities amongst us; and if sometimes it 
happens by accident that one of a thousand aspires a little 
higher, her fate commonly exposes her to wonder, but adds 
little of esteem. The distaft' will defend our quarrels as 
well as the sword, and the needle is as instructive as the 
pen. A heroine is a kind of prodigy ; the influence of a 
blazing star is not more dangerous or more avoided. 
Though I have lived under the roof of the learned, and 
in the neighbourhood of science, it has had no other effect 
on such a temper as mine, but that of admiration, and 
that too but when it is reduced to practice. I confess I 
am infinitely delighted to meet in books with the achieve- 
ments of the heroes, with the calmness of philosophers, 
and with the eloquence of orators ; but what charms me 
irresistibly is to see perfect resignation in the minds of 
men, let whatever happen of adverse to them in their 
fortune : that is being knowing and truly wise ; it confirms 
my belief of antiquity, and engages my persuasion of 
future perfection, without which it were in vain to live. 
Hope not for volumes or treatises ; raillery may make me 
go beyond my bounds, but when serious, I esteem myself 
capable of very little, yet I am, 

Your friend and servant, 

M. E. 

To my Lady Ann Carr. 

March 26, 1672. 


I can assure you neither the cold weather nor 
the hilliness of the ways has kept me thus long from 
paying my respects to your Ladj'ship, but an indisposition 
to which I am subject, and which has treated me so 
severely this winter, that I have been confined to my 
chamber and house above three months without once 
venturing out so far as the church ; a kind of weaning me 
from that sensible loss we have made by the death of 
Doctor Bretton ; a more worthy man there never was, and 
one in whom there is so many things to be justly said in 


his praise, that should I but enter upon the discourse you 
might fear the length of my letter. I know not how to 
acknowledge your Ladyship^s last favour by any return of 
news from hence. Madam Howard has almost quitted 
this place, with whose concerns I am as little acquainted 
as during her last long absence ; yet I wish all imaginable 
happiness to that family. The marriage of Betty Turner 
with a citizen of London is the latest joy has been in this 
parish, the fame of which has not reached youi* Ladyship 
yet, at which fine clothes, fine company, and great feasting 
could not be wanting. My father has been so happy as 
to be free from the gout this winter. Mr. Evelyn is at 
present taking care of those that fall by the hands of the 
Dutch, being gone to visit Chatham and Dover, and the 
rest of those places where sick and prisoners put in ; Jack 
is with him. My little flock of girls are all well, and I 
promise myself "so much health as may give me leave to 
wait upon my Lady Vere and your Ladyship very suddenly. 
I keep the portrait of the Duchess of Richmond with care, 
that 1 may return if you should desire it ; I am so out of 
the way of such kind of wits that I dare not pretend to 
judge of it, yet I fancy the Duchess deserves all that is 
said of her ; and did the author pass for lover, much more 
might have been expected from him, but he has now 
another kind of gallantry in chase, which I wish may 
prove successful to him and those other brave men that 
daily hazard themselves in the war. I am so near the 
guns that your Ladyship will not wonder that I should be 
solicitous for a happy event, and I am not less concerned 
to be esteemed. 

Madam, your most humble servant, 

M. E. 

To Mr. Evelyn. 

December, 1672. 

My Dear, 

I hope you do not imagine, though I live in the 
country and converse with sea-nymphs, now and then, 
with a tarpaulin hero, that I do not apprehend the 
diftereuce between this kind of felicity and that which 
you possess in a glorious Court, amongst great beauties 

34 LETTERS OF MRS. EVELYN. [1672-3. 

and wits, and these so refined that the charm of that 
splendour has no power ou their spirits; persons whose 
ideas are of a higher nature, whose minds are pure and 
actions innocent ; these, if I could be capable of envy, I 
should make the subject, but I am so far from failing in 
that kind that I rejoice in your happiness. I acknoM'ledge 
you a better judge of such perfections, and to merit the 
honour of being an admirer of the calm, prudent, and 
beautiful Alecone, the friendship of the sprightly saint, 
and to be allowed the liberty of a playfellow to Ornethia, 
whose excellencies unite your admiration and esteem, 
since you have qualifications which may entitle you to as 
much good fortune as any man. If knowledge and 
discernment in curious and choice speculations, joined 
Avith virtues not common though desirable in your sex, 
may obtain return of friendship from persons who cannot 
be unjust, and therefore must allow you a share of their 
esteem, you may pretend -, but should I hope for a part, it 
must be upon no other account, but as I have a little 
interest in you, and possibly a kindly thought of by you, 
which happiness produces many advantages to 


To Mr. Bohun. 

January, 1672-3. 


I find the slight cares of a family are great 
hindrances to the study of philosophy, and that one grows 
less and less capable of improvements by books, as one 
grows more acquainted with the world ; yet amongst those 
fine experiments which fall in my way, could I meet with 
any one equally curious with those of the Gresharaites, 
though as unuseful and trifling, I might hope in time to 
be in something famous j learning is become so easy of 
access by the late industry of some who have removed 
the bar language put to the illiterate, and make women 
pretenders to judge of Alexander's valour and conduct, 

• Mrs. Eyelyn makes sad havoc of classical names in this playful letter to 
her husband, but they are left, witli her signature, aa she writes them. 

1672-3.] LETTERS OF MRS. EVELYN. 85 

and determine whether the eflPeminacy and imbecility of 
the Persians did not abate of the miracles of such a 
conquest; that it was suddenly and unjustly gained, and 
as precipitously lost; and yet allow the man heathen 
worth who made all that stir till prosperity made him 
forget himself. He might have expected a better fate ; but 
this subject has been in so many boys' mouths and 
themes, that it is reasonable for me to give it over and 
fall upon Dr. Pierce's sermons, which is a great step 
from Homer's admirer. Not to dispute the eloquence of 
the person who appears more like a Grecian orator than a 
Christian preacher for three parts of each sermon, — which 
how necessary, now whole countries are under the 
Christian profession, I know not, — one would imagine 
26 hundred years had worn out the remembrance of 
idolising insensible orators ; that there were no more need 
of drawing instances from the moral men to encourage 
virtue, where light and joyful truth have had such influ- 
ences. Eut for the selections of young students whose 
first compositions are far-fetched, and keep alive the 
stories of the ancients by , succession in the pulpit, one 
should hardly know who Socrates and Zeno were ; and of 
what importance to the congregation, few in it under- 
stand. The great example should be Christ, His doctrine, 
and the effects of it in the first ages of the church, when 
innocency and purity filled the minds of men ; when the 
sincerity of their words appeared by the manifestation 
of good works; when the leaders and people lived 
in mutual charity and love. If this could be brought 
into fashion again it were a happy effect of men's labours. 
And since I have seen that piece of the primitive Chris- 
tianity, I fancy we are strangely out of the way to heaven ; 
self-denial is a kind of by-path, and many necessary 
circumstances of a true behever are wholly out of use. 
Do not wonder I treat with you in this style, since I am 
assured you own it as the greatest honour that could have 
happened to you to serve at God's altar, and therefore 
cannot be displeased when anything is suggested to His 
glory. Your last to Mr. Evelyn gave us hope of seeing 
you suddenly. 



To Mrs. Saul. 
Mrs. Saul, 

The esteem I have had for you as a neighbour 
and a deserving person, makes me more concerned for the 
general censure upon your late quitting your husband and 
family : had you consulted real friends with your design, 
they never would have advised a separation without 
equal consent of both parties ; there is something so strict 
and binding iu the marriage vow, that but upon extra- 
ordinary causes (the examples of which are rare) any 
divorce can be lawful : women especially being very tender 
how they violate that obligation, choosing rather to bear 
with infirmities, to pray for and endeavour the reformation 
of an ill man, by all the ways respect and love can 
suggest, and to bear injuries patiently, valuing their 
mutual reputation above particular satisfaction, as the 
necessary duty of a good wife, and the common effects of 
a good Christian, which qualification enables persons to 
overcome their own inclinations for a better end yet than 
present or worldly advantages, and secures their future 
and more lasting happiness. There is no state of life 
unattended with cares and troubles, afflictions are common 
and fall to every one's share more or less, therefore we 
should not without great presumption expect to run the 
course of this life so smoothly as to meet with no rub by 
the way. I take the more freedom to enlarge upon this 
subject with you, because I am really sorry one who 
appeared so sensible of what became her upon all accounts, 
as I have often observed you were, should take such ill 
measures in this last action as you have done ; you cannot 
be ignorant how many there are who rejoice at peoples' 
misfortunes, and think they excuse their own errors by pub- 
lishing others' failings ; and I wish, and wish it heartily, 
you had not justified your husband by hurting yourself. 
I do remember some occasional discourse of yours to me 
in confidence, concerning some of his miscarriages, which 
obliged me to lament for you both, that a couple so 
likely by the agreeableness of person, quality, fortune, 
and age, should meet with any interruption to their 
happiness; but do now infinitely bewail it is come to so 

1672 3.] LETTERS OF MRS. EVELYN. 37 

Avide a breach. I was in hopes you had convinced Mr. S. 
that it was both reasonable as well as convenient to reforna 
the ill habits company might have engaged him in, and that 
he had wholly designed to take off your suspicion of a 
relapse; which disposition to virtue and kindness should 
have been complied with, and cherished by welcome at 
home, and all endeavours used to confirm him in so good 
a resolution. I know not what the real cause of dislike is 
on your part at present, neither will I judge. But were I 
recommend Mr. S. to a wife in the temper I find him, I 
should pronounce in his behalf that he is likely to make 
a wife as happy as any man I know, if good humour, 
generous inclinations, industry, and many other good 
qualities, you have yourself done him the right to acknow- 
ledge him possessed of, can contribute towards it. Pray 
be so kind to yourself and him to return to all the duties 
of a wife ; to forgive past faults like a Christian, to forget 
them like a friend ; to begin your friendship upon a new 
account ; and as caution for him_, give me leave to be the 
person; your word is sufilcient for yourself. Since he 
desires so earnestly to make you happy, banish all obstacles; 
do not entertain a thought that may check a blessing 
offered to you both. You will oblige me infinitely by a 
ready consent to so just a request, you will overcome by 
it the prejudicial reports concerning you, recover your 
friends, make an experiment which if successful will prove 
worth your while. Who would not try it, and submit to 
harder conditions than any I hope you will find ? I beg of 
you to consider well what is offered you, and assure your- 
self that my zeal proceeds from a perfect belief of your 
innocency and merit, and a desire to reunite persons who 
have both deserved so well the esteem of 

Your friend and servant, 

M. E. 

Marcit 28, 1673.* 

I acknowledge the receipt of two of your letters 
unanswered : That of the 20th this day came to my hands, 

* The address of this letter is lost. It was probably written to one of her 
relatives at Wotton. 


with a note to Will. Hayes, whicli I have given him. He 
will punctually observe your orders concerning your horse j 
for the beer, according to his judgment of things, he be- 
lieves, since it is left undisturbed to which cellar it should 
go, it most properly belongs to his, as being worst fur- 
nished of any in Deptford ; yet upon second orders it 
shall be bestowed where 3'ou please. You need not fear a 
long comment upon the lady's censure of my indulgence 
to children, since I confess myself too much inclined to 
that failing ; but I have a maxim never to disturb the 
company with my own affairs, in showing dislike to servants' 
mistakes and children's faults; so that sometimes, 1 believe, 
I pass for a very fond mother and remiss mistress ; yet it 
may be, in a convenient place, both are reproved ; and 
amongst those who understand civility very well, this 
method is not unacceptable. Were I willing to entertain 
grief, I could answer to every particular of your first letter ; 
but since there is no recalling of the dead, let us not 
mingle past sorrows with the present ; every moment 
produces new occasions to exercise our morality. To 
comply with Mrs. Palmer's request it is impossible, till I 
am as much convinced of the excellency of my style as 
Mr. Alderson is of his preaching, who assured me his last 
funeral sermon was an elaborate, judicious, well-timed 
piece ; and then all the scraps I have written shall be at 
her service. And in the meantime advise her, since she is 
a person of wit, bred under Doctor Bathurst's wing, and 
lives in the air of the university, to hazard some of her 
own lines abroad, and try what justice may be in the 
world. If I do not enlarge at this time, impute it to 
Easter-Eve ; and excuse this character, scarce legible. 

I am. Sir, 

Your servant. 

To my Brother Glanville. 

Decern, the last, 1673. 


I am not naturally suspicious, especially where 
I have an esteem. 1 1^ as, I acknowledge, a little thought- 
ful what the cause of your silence miglit be, yet never 
doubted your friendship ; and since it was on ao reason- 


able an account, I am not only pacified for the loss of 
those kind expressions which I am always sure of from 
you, but would have added many good wishes to your 
endeavours for the success in the Captain's concern, which, 
by this time, I hope is out of question. Pray assure him 
and his lady I am their humble servant. When you are 
disposed to make us happy with your conversation, you 
cannot fail of welcome in a family that rejoice in the 
hopes of seeing you. You have conversed so much in the 
world, that you cannot be ignorant either of your own 
merit, or how kindly you will be received by those that 
have a real value for you. Be assured neither care nor 
industry would be wanting if an occasion would offer. 
Whatever else is unequal to you must be forgiven. The 
unsteadiness of the times is such, that a great man's 
favour is no sooner gained, but one is to begin again; 
and the difficulty is to know where a new endeavour may 
be made. The next lesson will try how fast some of them 
sit. If you were one of the house, you have a talent that 
might improve what interest you please. I suppose your 
correspondent is so good, I need not entertain you with 
news. The satisfaction I had in a week's stay in town 
was not so great that I should trouble you with the rela- 
tion of it, besides the honour to have the Duchess's hand, 
visit the Duchess of Modena, &c. Only this particular I 
cannot omit concerning Sir George Lane, who is married 
to a daughter of my Lord of Dorset, a young, handsome 
person, who has 5000^. to her portion. The son desires to 
go into Ireland ; to oblige him perfectly, the father settles 
3000/. a year on his son, and reserves as much for a second 
venture : makes her a thousand a year jointure, and aU 
the advantages in Ireland. I have had the honour to wait 
on the lady, and to give them both joy. My father has had 
his turn in town — proceeds as vigorously as he can in his 
afl'air, but they stand it out, which forces him to issue out 
an arrest against them. What that course may produce 
is yet to learn. He seemed desirous to finish it himself, 
as being best able to dispute their right, or defend his own ; 
but the gout seizes him so often, though with less violence, 
that he is the more solicitous to end it. He is at present 
in bed, but not very ill. We have our workmen still, but 
hope a little time will finish all. Your brother watches 


and prays still. Jack studies and ruminates; the girls 
make a noise ; and I lend a little of my time to any one 
that seems to want it. How well I pass the hours in 
which I am not serviceable to others, I am no good judge. 
The conclusion of this year with this day, puts me in 
mind to wish you happiness with all imaginable joy the 

I am, &c. 

To Lady Take. 

April, 1685. 

How to express the sorrow for parting with so dear a 
child is a difficult task. She was welcome to me from the 
first moment God gave her, acceptable through the whole 
course of her life by a thousand endearments, by the gifts 
of nature, by acquired parts, by the tender love she ever 
showed her father and me : a thread of piety accompanied 
all her actions, and now proves our greatest consolation. 
The patience, resignation, humility of her carriage in so 
severe and fatal a disease, discovered more than an ordinary 
assistance of the Divine goodness, never expressing fear of 
death, or a desire to live, but for her friends' sake. The 
seventh day of her illness she discoursed to me in particular 
as calmly as in health, desired to confess, and receive the 
blessed Sacrament, which she performed with great de- 
votion ; after which, though in her perfect senses to the 
last, she never signified the least concern for the world, 
prayed often, and resigned her soul. What shall I say ! 
She was too great a blessing for me, who never deserved 
anything, much less such a jewel. I am too well assured 
of your Ladyship's kindness to doubt the part you take in 
this loss ; you have ever showed yourself a friend in so many 
instances, that I presume upon your compassion ; nothing 
but this just occasion could have hindered me from welcom- 
ing you to town, and rejoicing with the best friend I have in 
the world — a friend by merit and inclination, one I must 
esteem as the wife of so worthy a relation and so sincere 
a friend as Sir Samuel was to me and mine. AVhat 
is this world when we recall past things ! what are the 
charms that keep our minds in suspense ! without the 


conversation of those we love, what is life worth ! How 
did I propose happiness this summer in the return of your 
Ladyship and my dear child — for she was absent almost 
all this winter ! 

She had much improved herself by the remarks she had 
made of the world and all its vanities — What shall I add ! 
I could ever speak of her, and might I be just to her 
without suspicion of partiality, could tell you many things. 
The papers which are found in her cabinet discover she 
profited by her reading — such reflections, collections out 
of Scripture, confessions, meditations, and pious notions, 
evidence her time was not spent in the trifling way of 
most young women. I acknowledge, as a Christian, I 
ought not to murmur, and I should be infinitely sorry to 
incur God^s further displeasure. There are those yet 
remaining that challenge my care, and for their sakes I 
endeavour to submit all I can. 1 thank my poor Cousin 
a thousand times for her kind concern, and wish she may 
live to be the comfort you deserve in her, that God will 
continue the blessing of both, and make you happy — 
which is the prayer of her who is 

Yours, most affectionatelv, 

M. E. 

[To these letters of Mrs. Evelyn, may be subjoined two letters which have 
come into the Editor's possession since the volume containing her husband's 
correspondence was printed, but which so agreeably illusti'ate Evelyn's 
habits and intercourse with his neighbours and friends that it is worth 
including them in this collection.] 

Mrs. Owen to John Evelyn. 

Eltham, Jvme 26, 1680. 

Honoured Sir, 

I am heartily sorry that I forced you to buy 
tulips for your fine garden. I must confess your guineas 
look more glorious than now these tulips do ; but, when 
they come to blow, I hope you will be better pleased than 
now you are. I have sent you some of my ordinary sort, 
and, sir, when mine are blown, if you please to come and 


see them, Mr. Evelyn shall buy no more, but have what 
he pleases for nothing. I am so well pleased with those 
that I have, that I shall neither buy more, nor part with 
any, unless it be to yourself. 

i cannot, sir, send my husband's service to you, because 
I do not acquaint him with ray trading for tulips. Sir 
John Shaw I cannot yet speak with (being taken up so 
much with visitors), as to know his mind about a gardener. 
Sir, I now beg your pardon for my rude lines, and desire 
you to assure yourself, that my husband and I, upon any 
occasion, shall be alway ready either to ride or go to 
serve you or yours. Thus having no more, but desiring 
to have my service to yourself, your lady, and Sir Richard 
Browne, and your beloved progeny, I shall take leave, and 
subscribe myself. 

Your most humble servant, to command. 

Amy Owen. 

John Evelyn to Mrs. Owen. 

June 26, 1680. 

MoN Amy (that is. My Friend), 

I am not so well pleased with Mrs. Owen's 
letter as with her tulips, because I am assured there must 
needs be some mistake, and that my gardener (who, 
perhaps, does not care that I should purchase anything 
but through his hands and in the common manner), 
as was to tell you that I would come myself and 
make friends with you, did leave out that. Can you 
ever imagine that I looked on your kindness as an 
imposing on me? Sure, you know me better than to 
think so ; and that when I told you flowers of less value 
would better become my poor garden, it was neither to 
save my money nor reproach your merchandise. But I 
assure you I not only thank you for [them], but shall 
condemn you for a very unwise woman if you should for- 
bear to continue a traffic which is so innocent, so laudable, 
and so frequent even among very great persons. You 
and I, therefore, must come to a better understanding 
upon this chapter. In the meantime I had a good mind 
to have sent you your last present back again, till all this 


had been cleared; for I do not love to be overcome in 
point of generosity, though I see that for this present I 
must be. You seem to think I complained I had not full 
measure, and think now to make it up by overwhelming 
me with your kindness. This is a revenge that I cannot 
long endure, as you shall be sure to find, the first oppor- 
tunity I can lay hold on. In the meantime I thank you 
most heartily for all your good intentions, and the kind 
offices which both you and the Doctor have ever been 
ready to do me. Sir Jo. Shaw did us the honour of a 
visit on Thursday last, when it was not my hap to be at 
home, for which I was very sorry. I met him since 
casually in London, and kissed him there unfeignedly. I 
chided myself that I was not there to receive him. Two 
of our coach-horses are still so lame, that we have not 
been able to stir out this fortnight ; but so soon as they 
are in very tolerable condition, my wife and I will not 
fail of kissing your hands, and repaying this civility to 
Sir John ; and so with our best respects to you and your 

We remain, &c. 











Few more valuable or more interesting illustrations of English 
histoi*y have been at any time made public tlian the Private Cor- 
respondence between Charles I. and his secretary -of -state, Sir 
Edward Nicholas. These letters were found at Wotton, with the 
correspondence of Evelyn ; his father-in-law, Sir Richard Browne, 
whose papers he inherited, having been connected by mai'riage with 
Mr. Secretary Nicholas ; and since their publication they have been 
quoted and commented upon by every historian or critic of the 
period on which they throw so much curious and important light. 

In no respect illustrating or forming part of Evelyn's history, the 
reason which existed for modernising the spelling in the case of the 
"Diary and Letters" did not here apply. These papers are strictly 
historical documents, and, as such, are presented in all respects 
precisely as they were found ; with the king's apostils, by way of 
answer or remark to his secretary's information, printed as written 
in the margin of the secretarj-'s dispatches ; with the queen's notes 
and messages appended ; with the occasional ciphers as in the 
originals ; and, throughout, whether in these particular letters or in 
the few additional ones of later date, with a strict adherence to the 
exact orthography of the individual writers. 

The date of tlie commencement of the letters is one of the most 
critical in the hfe of the king. It was that of the journey to Scot- 
land, which preceded the fatal attempt to arrest the five members. 
The king's motives for this journey have been variously surmised and 
stated ; but that, besides his hope of effecting a better understanding 
with the Scotch parliament by personal communication with its 
members, they also included an attempt by means of the new anti- 
covenanting Scotch party which had been secretly formed by Montrose, 
to obtain evidence available against the popular leaders in England, 
may be gathered from a study of the present correspondence. The 
feeling entertained in the House of Commons as to what was involved 
in the king's departure became manifest as soon as it was ascertained 


to have actually taken place ; commissioners being immediately 
named and appointed to proceed to Scotland, ostensibly to treat with 
the Scots concerning the satisfaction of the treaty under discussion, but 
really to tliwart as far as possible the king's suspected intentions. The 
new secretary -of-state, Nicholas, appointed on the flight of Wiudc- 
bank, had it left to him in charge by his royal master to furnish diligent 
information, during his absence, of what was going on in London ; 
and his letters, noted and answered in the margin by Charles, and 
posted back to tlie >vriter, form the bulk of the succeeding corre- 
spondence. They begin with the king's first letter from Edinburgh, 
written five days after he quitted London, and continue during the 
whole of the stay in Scotland. After Charles's return there is a 
considerable interval in the correspondence, but it is resumed at the 
period of the treaty of Uxbridge, for which Nicholas was appointed 
one of the commissioners ; and is continued through the vicissitudes 
and disasters of the war, up to the king's detention by the army of 
the Scots, and his imprisonment at Holdenby and in the Isle of Wight. 
Of Sir Edward Nicholas, who plays so prominent a part in this 
correspondence, and of whom Clarendon remarks that he was 
appointed secretary upon the king's obsei-vation of his virtue and 
fidelity, and without any other recommendation, some brief account 
may be expected by the reader. He was the eldest son of John 
Nicholas, Esq., of Winterbourne Earls, in the county of Wilts ; was 
bom in April, 1592-3, educated at Oxford, and entered of the Middle 
Temple ; resided some time in France, and on his return to England, 
directed his thoughts to public business. His first official appointment 
was in the time of James I. He was named one of the six clerks in 
chancery ; and afterwards became secretary to Lord Zouch, Lord 
Warden of the Cinque Ports, who surrendered that employment to 
please the king, by enabling him to confer it on the Duke of Buck- 
ingham. The duke continued Nicholas in his office, and advanced 
him to be secretary to the Admiralty. The commissioners appointed 
to administer the affairs of the Admiralty, on the duke's death, also 
continued Nicholas as their secretary ; and he retained the office till 
1636, when Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, being appointed 
Lord High Admiral, he was removed to the clerkship of the council. 
This brought him more within the personal view and knowledge of 
the king, from which resulted his selection for the office of secretary- 
of-state, when the flight of Windebank left it vacant in 1641. He 
received his knighthood at Whitehall, at the close of November, 1641, 
the day after the king's return from Scotland. For his activity and 
earnestness in the execution of his duties, he had meanwhile become 
obnoxious to the Parliament, and was one of those excepted in the 
terms which they offered to the king after he had raised his standard 
at Nottingham. Notwithstanding this exception, however, they did 
not refuse to receive him as one of the king's commissioners at the 
treaty of Uxbridge. Ho was at Oxford during the time it was 
besieged by the parliament forces. On the death of the king he 
went to France, and afterwards joined the exiled prince at Rouen, on 
his arrival there from Jersey. 


In this service he remained, discharging it at various places in 
France and Holland, till the treaty of Breda, when Charles went to 
Scotland. On his return, Nicholas again joined him at Aix ; and 
when the Restoration came, in 1660, he was continued as secretary. 
In October 1662, being then about seventy years of age, he finally 
resigned the secretaryship, in which he was succeeded by Bennet, after- 
wards Earl of Arlington. He refused a peerage offered him by the 
king ; and retiring to his seat at West Horsley, in Surrey, an estate 
which he had purchased of Carew Raleigh, Esq. (son of Sir Walter), 
died there in September 1669. In the church of that parish are 
monuments erected to him and his descendants, who continued there 
till 1749. He left four sons. In 1641, it would appear from the 
letters now printed, he had a house at Thorpe, in Surrey. 

The reader of these letters will scarcely need to be told that he 
was not only a devoted servant of Charles I., but a diligent and faithful 
adviser, never scrupling to offer his opinion, and that a conscientious 
and honest one. It is to the king's credit that he allowed him to do 
so, commending his openness, though unhappily for himself he did 
not always attend to the advice so given. It was Charles's greatest 
misfor:uue to have had few counsellors so judicious, industrious, and 
experienced as Nicholas ; of such unimpeachable integrity, or of a 
temper so unambitious and averse to intrigue. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Nicolas, Your aduertisments to me,* is so far 
from displeasing to me, that I comand you to 
continew it, & that as often as conuenientKe ye may. 
Deliuer thease incloseds. (I hope ye know by that 
yesterday that on [one] is to my Wyfe.) So I rest 

Your friend, 

Charles R. 

Eden. IS Aug. 1641. 

Aduertise my Wyfe vpon euery dispache, that she 
may (if she will) wryt ; & make one when & as often 
as she will comand you. 

* This letter is evidently the first sent by Charles to Sir Edward 
Nicholas, in answer to Ids first communication respecting the pro- 
ceedings subsequent to the King's departure. The royal journey 
was by no means agreeable to the Parliament ; for, so late as the 
7th of August, the Commons desired the Lords to join with them in 
an attempt to delay the King's departure for fourteen days. Charles, 
however, gave his aesent oa that day to several Bills both pubUc and 



The Queen to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Maistre Nicholas, I Lane reseaued your letter: 
and that you send me from the King : which writes 
me word he has been vere well reseaued in Scotland : 
and that both the armie : and the people : have 
shued a creat joye to see the King : and such : that 
theay say was neuer seen before : pray god it may 
continued : for the letter that I writt to you counsern- 
ing the commissionaires it is them that are toe 
dispatch bussinesse in the Kings absence : I thank 
you for your care of geuing me aduises of what 
passes at London : and soe I reste 

Your fraud, 
Henriette Marie R. 

Otelands,* the 19 Augiiat. 
Indorsed," For Mistre Nicholas." 

In Sir E. N.'s writing : 
** 19° Aug. 1641. The Queenes Ic to me." 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma*'% 
Yesterday I receaved yo' Ma"" of the 17th of this 
month, & in it one to the Queene, & another to 
my Lo: Keeper : f I forthw** presented yo' Ma*'" 

private, and then bade the Parliament farewell. The next day, 
Sunday, the Commons sat for the purpose of fonning and presenting 
a petition on the subject. On the 9th, his Majesty again gave the 
royal assent to four Bills, and took leave a second time, telling the 
Parliament that he should return before Michaelmas, if possible. At 
two o'clock he set off, accompanied by the Elector Palatine and the 
Duke of Richmond. 

* Oatlands at this time was the Queen's property, having been 
granted to her some years before, by the King, for her life. In the 
preceding year, 1640, her son, Henry of Oatlands, was bom there. 
Oatlands had long been a royal mansion ; but the house, which then 
stood on low groimd, was pulled down during tlie Protectorate, with 
the exception of a small part, which was again given up to the 
Queen upon the Restoration. 

f Sir Edward Lyttelton, soon after created Lord Lyttelton. He 
succeeded Finch, and it was not inaptly said of him that he was a 



to the Queene, yv"^ when she had read, her Ma''* 

comanded me to forbeare to deliver that to my Lo. 

Keeper, & took it into her owne custody, for that 

her Ma*'* said it was written att her entreaty, & Apoatyudin 

that there is now noe occasion for y" delivery of it, *!^m^:» 

as her Ma''* tells me she will by her next satisfy 

yo"^ Ma"*, & I hope I have donne nothing but my Ye ar veme 

duty in obeying her Ma*'** comaund touching that 


Satterday morning the Comittees did set forth 
towards Scotland,t & that day the Peers adiourned 
their House till too-morrow : it is conceaved there 
will not be much business donne now in P^ham't { 
untill they shall understand of the arrival! and 
recepcon of their Comittees by yo' Ma*'*, whereon 
all their eyes are fixed. 

The Constable of y* Tower is comanded by y* 
Lo^*' House forthw'' to reside constantly in the 
Tower, & order is given (as I am credibly tould) that 
there shal be 40 souldiers added to reinforce that 
garrison, w*** new soldiers are to be contynued & 
paid by the P'liamH here during yo"" Ma*'** absence. 

Upon a Conference had betweene both Houses, 
there is an order of P'liam^t for y* present disarming 

good Englishman, a good subject, and learned in the laws ; but, not 
having the same dexterity that his predecessor had, he was not so 
fitly qualified for his important trust in such perilous and critical times. 

* What is apostyled by the King will be printed in the margin of 
the passages so noted. 

•[• These Commissioners were appointed by both Houses on the 
16th of August, with instructions to negotiate with the Scottish Par- 
liament respecting the affairs of that kingdom. Their real mission 
was to counteract the anticipated effects of the King's presence in 

J Here the Secretary hardly shows his usual discernment 
The Commons had been very busy since the King's departure : 
having brought fresh charges against the impeached Bishops ; voted 
Perry, Jermyn, and SuckUng, guilty of high treason ; and established 
a complaint against the Queen's Capuchin Friars. Though the King 
was gone, yet Commissioners were left to exercise the royal functions 
in Parliament, and the assent was given to tlie Bill for Tonnage and 
Poundage on the 16th of August. Before adjournment also, they 
had made fresh orders against the Recusants, and also for raising 
money speedily for the use of the army. 





Ileerein I 
baue tane 
yonr aduyce, 
the incloseU 
to the 
being to that 
effect, onlie I 
would bane 
you aduer- 
tioe my wyfe 
of it. ' 

of all Recusants,* and some Comittees of the Houses 
are appointed to see y* statutes on that behalf 
forth w*" put in execucon. 

Upon consideracon of y* great ielousies that are 
raysed here & spread abroade, as if there were some 
intencons to make use of some of y' arrayes to y* 
preiudice of y* Parliam', and upon the apparent 
delay that hath been used in y' paying off, & dis- 
banding y' English armye, w'"* hath bene cleerely 
throughe y* negligence of those whom y* Parliam' 
hath imployed in that service, I humbly beseech yo' 
Ma"' to give me leaue to offer to yo' Ma''" con- 
sideracon, whether it may not be fitt for yo' Ma"' 
p'sently to wryte yo' I'res to the Speaker of one or 
both Houses, taking notice of y' delay & sloth that 
hath bene used in y* disbanding the armies, w"** 
have bene kept on foote here to y* great gree- 
vaunce of yo' sub''* in y* North, & att a heavy 
charge to yo' kingdome in England in g'rall, not- 
withstanding yo' Ma"' hath from tyme to tyme by 
frequent speeches to both Houses often called upon 
them to ease this yo' kingdome of that greevous 
burthen. Yo' Ma"' now understanding, that (when 
by y' agreem* w"* the Scots all the Englishe forces 
are to be disbanded) y' Lo. G'rall hath advertised y' 
Houses that there wants 140. thousand pounds to 
finishe that worke, therefore yo' Ma"' may be pleased 
to quicken the Parliam' here, & to let them know 
how sensible yo' Ma"' is of y' long sufferings of yo' 
people of England, & to comaund the Houses, (all 
other matters set apart,) forthwith to apply them- 
selves to free this yo' kingdome of soe heavy & dayly 
a charge. Such a letter would let yo' people here 
see yo' care & affec'on to them, & make appeare 
cleerely to the world that there is noe intenc'on on 
yo' Ma"" p** to make use of the army here, as may 
be otherwise insinuated. 

* This originated in a complaint from the Commons to the Lords 
on the 17th of August, that the laws for disarming them were 
neglected, and that many of them were even screened by members of 
the Upper House. 


I humbly beg yo"^ Ma*'*" p'don for this bold & 
tedious discourse, w"^ is noe other than an effect of 
the dutifull affeccon of 
Yo' Ma*'*' 

most humble & most 

obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

As I was closing this packet, I receaved one from 
Edenburgh, wherein was yo'' Ma*'''' le"" of the IQ*** 
present : I shall lett my Lo. Keeper understand 
what yo"" Ma*'* hath comaunded me to deliver to my 
Lo. Ch. Justice Bankes (who is now in his circuit in 
Suffolke) touching y* 4 Irishe regiments,* and desire 
his LoPP (in y* others absence) to acquaint y* Lo*^" 
House therewith. Yo' Ma*'*" le"" of y* W^ p'sent I 
have sent to y* Queene. 

Westminster, 23° j^M^f. 1641. 

Under this date, in the King's writing, " Eden. 28." 

Indoi-sed, " For yo' Ma''*." And signed by the King, " Yours 

Likewise indorsed by Sir E. N. " My le' to y* King of y* 23 Aug. 

1 64 1 . Apostiled y* 28/A." 

TTie King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Nicholas, I thanke you for the account you haue 
giuen by yours of the 1 -i, comanding you still to con- 
tinew the same course, as lykewais that in my name 
ye tell the same to my Lord Cheefe justice Bankesf 
also : So I rest 

Your frend, 

Charles R. 

Eden: 19 Aug: 1641. 

You must tell my L. Cheefe justice Bankes from 

* When the Irish regiments were on the point of being disbanded, 
the Ambassadors of France and Spain made an application to the 
Parliament on the 14th of August for leave to hire several regiments 
for foreign service ; but their application was refused. 

f Sir John Banks, who had succeeded Sir Edward Lyttelton as 
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. 




me that I am so far now engaged to the Spanish 
Embassador* for fower regiment, that I cannot now 
goe backe, for it was asseured me before I cam from 
London that bothe Houses were content, onlie it 
wanted the fortnaUtie of voting : whereupon I gaue 
an absohite order for tlie leauing & transporting of 
those men, but also reiterated my promises to the 
Embassador : wlierefor he must tell the Houses from 
me that thease leauies must not be stoped. 

C. R. 

Addressed : "For your selfe." 

Indorsed by Sir E. N. « 19<» Aug : 1641 : R. 230. His Ma«" le' 
to me." 

I see your 
may bee 
trusted in 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma***, 
This morning about 6 o'clock I receaved by y'' 
hands of Mr. Murray yo' Ma''~ of the 22th, & have 
acquainted my Lo. Keeper, that yo' Ma"* is well 
satisfyed w"* his letf, whereof his Lopp is very glad, 
& acknowledgeth yo' Ma''" great goodnes to him 
in it. 

Before my receipt of yo' Ma"*' last letter I 
had acquainted my Lo. Keeper (in y* absence of 
my Lo. Ch. Justice Bankes) w** what yo' Ma**' 
commanded me, touching yo' Ma'*" engagem* for 
transportac'on of 4 regiments of Irishe for y" service 
of the Spanishe King, & w** y* reasons of it, & his 
Lo" having that morning made y' same knowne to 
the Lo*", they thereupon had y' next day a con- 
ference w"* y" Comons House, the result of w*'' 
conference is not as yet reported to y" Lo''" House, 
but I am tould, that the Comonsf are very much 
against these 4 regiments going for Spayne, in regard 

* Don Alonzo de Cardenas. This is noticed in the preceding letter. 

+ On the 28th of August when the House of Commons again took 
this affair into consideration, Sir Benjamin Rudyard spoke loudly 
against it, founding his objections principally upon the points here 
stated by Sir Edward Nicholas. The Commons then refused assent 
to the measure, in which the Lords agreed with them ; and a letter, 
expressing their refusal, was sent to the King. 


it crosseth w* yo"" Ma*'^* & y' Houses Declaration 
against y* Spanyard on behalf of y* Prince Elector ; * 
& therefore my Lo. Keeper thinkes not fitt to hasten 
y" report of that conference : As soone as there shal 
be any order or resolucon in it by y* Parliam', I shall 
advertise it to yo' Ma''*. I sent yo' Ma*'*^ letter to 
Sir Ph. Maynewaringt by an expresse messenger 
into Northamptonsh: whither S' Phillip was gonne 
2 dayes before my receipt of yo' Ma''** to him. 

Since Satterday last there hath beene noe business 
done in Parliam* of any publique nature J that I can 
heare of; but only the order made by the Lo*** 
touching y" election of y* present Sheriffs of London, 
whereof I gave advertisem* to Mr. Thre'r § by myne 
of y" 23"^. II This day ye Lo. Mayor was att the 
Upper House to get an alteration of that their Lo*" 
order, but the House would not recede from it 
in any p'ticular, whereat > y" Lo. Mayor and cheif 
cittizens seeme to be much troubled. 

* Charles Louis, Elector of Bavaria, Prince Palatine of the Rhine, 
and nephew to Charles I., being the sou of his sister Elizabeth, Queen 
of Bohemia. 

■\- He waa of Over Peover, in Cheshire, and father to the first 
Baronet of that name, so created after the Restoration. He was 
Sheriff of Cheshire in 1639, and Captain in the Cheshire hght horse. 
Collins does not mention his knighthood. 

J Again the Secretary is remiss, or at fault. Public business was 
certainly going forward. On the 25th of August the Lords seques- 
trated the temporalities of Dr. Roger Manwaring, Bishop of St. 
David's, for his contumacy to an order of the House ; and, on the day 
on which Sir Edward wrote his letter, both Houses had a conference 
respecting a proposed recess of Parliament. 

§ " Mr. Treasurer," that is, Sir Henry Vane the elder. 

II This evidently relates to the dispute then existing between the 
Lord Mayor and the Commons of London ; the former laying claim 
to the choice of one of the Sheriffs, by a pi-escription of three hundred 
years. The Livery refusing to abide by this, the Court of Aldermen 
petitioned the King to decide upon the affair ; but the King referred 
it to tlie House of Lords, who, after some delay, ordered that the Com- 
monalty should proceed to the choice of the two Sheriffs, at the same 
time recommending that they would have those who had already been 
nominated by the Mayor. The Sheriffs chosen were George Garret 
and George Clark. Sir William Acton, Bart., was the then Lord 
Mayor ; but he was superseded by the Parhament, and replaced by 
Sir Edmund Wright, 


They came _,, . . , , 

h«ere yestw- There IS here great expectation what recepcon yo' 

night. Ma*^ will give to y* Comittees sent hence. 1 wishe 

yo"" Ma'" could have aoe tymely expedited yo^ affaires 

there, as that you might have bene rcddy to come 

away before their arrivall there.* 

Yesterday y' Comons orderedf that y' pay of Coll. 
Willmot, Ashbournham, & y* rest of y* soldiers 
(that are questioned in P'liam't) shalbe sequestred 
untill their busines shalbe heard & adjudged. And 
upon occasion of y* discourse of that busines, Mr. 
Selden did then in that house deliver his opinion 
with much confidence, that by y* Act of Oblivion 
Mr. Percy and Mr. Jenny n, J & all y" rest that are 
questioned with them, are freed and pardoned, w"** 
he argued so strongly out of the verj' words of that 
Act, as y* sages of that house, who oppugned his 
opinion, did not (in y* iudgera' of able men) give any 
reasonable or satisfactory answere to it: the House 
seemed to be much amazed att this slipp in that 
Act, & were not well pleased with him who delivered 
this opinion : some said that it was not in y'intencon 

* The names of the Commissioners were Lords Bedford and 
Howard of Esricke, Hampden, Fiennes, Sir Philip Stapleton, and 
Sir William Amiyne. The Secretary seems to entertain a reason- 
able fear of the King's being brought into collision with such 

+ Not recorded in the Parliamentary Debates. 

J Jermyn had been especially implicated, by the confession of 
Colonel Goring, in the alleged plot contrived by certain officers of the 
army to secure Strafford's escape, and ovei-awe and dissolve the 
Parliament, by marching the army on London and making the King 
absolute. Balfour, the Lieutenant of the Tower, baffled that part 
of it relating to Strafford ; and, a quarrel arising between the leaders 
of the design, Goring and Wilmot (" Gorrein et Hailmot," as Madame 
de Motteville calls them in her account of the affair), which Jermyn 
had in vain done his best to reconcile. Goring made a quasi discovery 
of the plot to Lord Newark, from whom, through Lords Bedford 
and Kimbolton, it reached Pyra. Goring subsequently asserted 
that for his own part he had refused concurrence with the proposals 
to put the army into a posture to serve the King, and send a Declaration 
to Parliament that Episcopacy should not be infringed upon, and 
that the King's revenue should be established ; for he said that he 
thought it belonged to an army to maintain, not to contrive, acts of 
state. At the same time he professed that his particular object, in 
joining in the proposed measures, was to solicit " a redresse for the 
miseries of the souldiers." 


of y^ House to pardon them, whereupon it was replyed 
that lawes are to be understood according to the 
words in y' Act, & not according to the iutencon of 
y* makers, further than y" words will beare. 

This day the House of Peers have comitted to 
prison y^ man that printed the scandalous ballet 
concerning the Qu, Mother's going away, & will 
consider of further punishm' for him, and they have 
ordered that these ballets shalbe burnt by y* hand of 

V* hangman. ThankeWm 

The inclosed from my Lo. Marshall* will give Ms^*'"^ 
yo' Ma"^ an account of y*^ cause of y* Qu. Mother's amount. 
stay att Dover. 

Albeit this employm' w""" yo' Ma*'* hath bene 
pleased to honour me w'thall, hath drawne much 
envy vpon me, & (as I heare) set some on worke to indeed ye 

•' . ^ ' ^ n ' . _ . haue It in a 

prye into my accons past & present, yet smce 1 enioy fuu measure, 
y* comfort of yo"' Ma*'"' grac'ous opinion & accep- 
taunce of my poore & honnest endeavours, I shall 
not valine any mans mallice, but rather smile att 
their ignoraunce, that conceave there is any other 
felicity in this imploym*, then to deserve to be 
accounted an honest man, & 
Yo' Ma*'*' 
most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. ireceaued 

The Queene sent me word she had written lately day. 
to yo' Ma*'*, & would not write by this dispatche. 

Westminster, 26<» Aiuj. 
Written by the King, " Eden. 31, 1641." 
Indorsed, " For yo"^ most excellent Ma''«." 
Written by the King, " Yours apostyled." 
Further indorsement in the hand-writing of Sir E. N. : " 26 Atig. 

1641. Myne to his Ma»'e apostiled 31° Atig. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Nicholas, I haue nothing to answer to yours of 
the 20 : (w*** I receaued yesterday in the euening), 

* Thomas Howard, Earl of Amndel and Surrey. 


save oulie to thanke for your advertisments : but 
heering from good hand, that the House of Comons 
meanes to refuse my General Pardon,* I haue 
thought fitt to coraand you, to comandmy L. Keeper 
to thinke of a Declaration to be put fourth in my 
name (in case my Pardon be refused) to make my 
fauorable intentions knowen to all my English 
subjects, how 1 consulted it with the best lawers, to 
make it of most aduantadge that might bee for all 
my said people. This being the surame, for the 
forme & the penning, I leave it to bee consulted 
there : to w*** end, I command you first to goe to my 
Wyfe, to receaue her directions in it (for she knowes 
my mynde fully in this particular) and according to 
what she shall direct you, to command my Lo. Keeper 
for the drawing of it, fitt for my hand, with all 
speede, & so I rest 

Your frend, 

Charles B. 

Eden, 25 Aug: 1641. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

fed^uhthis -^^y ^* please y"' most excell"* Ma*'", 

«connt. Yo'r Ma*^ of the 25th of this raoneth founde me 

at Oatlands on Sunday last, as I was attending the 
Queenes com'aunds, where I p*sently p^sented to her 
Royall hand yo' Ma**" 1*^, & acquainted her Ma''" 
what you had written to me concerning a Declarac'on; 
her Ma*'* saith that she now vnderstands that y* 
Com'ons will not suddainly refuse yo' Ma*'" Pardon ; 
but howsoever she com'aunded me to speake w**' my 
Lo. Keeper about it according to yo' Ma*'" le*", & 
to wishe him to consider of a fitting Declarac'on 

* This will be found fully explained in a subsequent letter. The 
King appears to have wished to secure Percy, Wilmot, Ashbum- 
ham, and the others engaged with them, from the wrath of the 
Parliament, but, unwilling to pardon them expressly by name, he 
issued this General Pardon in order to include them, without appear- 
ing to confirm the charges brought against them as acting under his 
privity and directions. 




agreeable to yo' Ma*^ direce'ons, that it may be reddy 
in case the G'ral Pardon shal be refused, & this to 
be donne w*** all possible secrecy. My Lo. Keeper 
promiseth to p*"pare such a Declarac'on against too- 
morrow, & hath wished me then to attend his 
Lo^P to Oatlands, there to shew it to her Ma"', & 
as soon as it shal be perfected to send it for yo"^ royal 
approbac'on. The busines will well beare this delay, 
for that y" Peers have this day adioumed their House 
till Munday next ; and y* Com'ons (I heare) intend 
to adiourne too-morrow, also till Munday ; & it is 
resolvM that both Houses shall adiourne on Wensday 
sennight till y'' 26th of Octob'. I humbly desire to 
know yo' Ma"" pleasure whether when this Declare' on 
shall be printed, it may not be fit to shew y* same to 
my Lo. Banks or Mr. Attorney,* or both, before it 
be engrossed for yo' Ma"" hand. I have bene tould 
that some take excepc'ons to yo' Ma"" Pardon, for 
that it excepts all matters of eccFall cognisaunce, 
albeit y*same exception is in y" Pardon of 21° Jacobi, 
but I beleeve that this excepc'on of theirs is but a 
pretence, & that y' mayne thing that they dislike in 
it is, that Mr. Percy & y* rest of his company are 
comprehended in it. Both Houses have had a con- 
ference upon yo' Ma"" answear and reasons sent by 
Mr. Nichols f touching y* commission, and I heare, 
thoughe many would have bene better pleased that 
yo' Ma"* had signed y* commission for their committees, 
yet they doe not much dislike yo"" Ma"" answeare, 
since by yo"" grac'ous permission their com'ittees have 
leave to come to Edenbiu'g to doe the busines they 
are principally sent for.J I have herew"" sent yo' 

Show it to 

I am of your 
mynd ; for 
to mee was 
to have it as 
neer to that 
of 21 Jacohi 
as might bee. 

* Sir Edward Herbert, Knt. 

+ This was Mr. Anthony Nichols, Member for Bodmyn, whom the 
Commons, on the 18th August, had ordered to be their messsenger to 
carry the Petition, Commission, and Instructions to Edinburgh for 
the King's approbation. It is stated in the Parliamentary Records, 
that the sum of lOOOt was then ordered for the " Commissioner's 

t The King's answer was read to both Houses on the 30th, in 
which he said that he did not find it necessary to sign any such 
Commission ; but was " graciously pleased to give leave to the said 




I com'knd 
yon to speake 
with the L. 
Keeper, my 
L. lUnkes, 
and my 
to see what 
oonne is best 
to be taken 
to stop theas 
in tyme to 

I willlnglie 
graiit your 

1 receaned 
yours of the 

2 : the 6 of 
this monthe, 
▼pon w'ch, & 
other rea- 
sons, to stay 
untill the 8 : 
euen now I 
yourof the4: 
w'ch re- 
qnyres no 
Eden, 8 Sept. 

Ma"* y' substance of 2 messages delivered yesterday 
from y' Com'ous to y* Peers. The ordinance therein 
menc'oned touching y' disarming of Recusants is 
this day ordered to be printed (as I heare). There 
hath bene some of yo' Ma"~ deer killed in Windsor 
forrest near Egham by y* inhabitants of that towne 
& of y' parishes adioyning, who hunted in y' day 
tyme by 80 & 100 in a company : S' Ar. Maynwaring* 
hath bene amongst them, and w'** good words & 
promises hath made them forbeare for y" p'sent. 
When both Houses shal be adiourned till Octob' I 
beleeve here wil be little or noe busines in this 
towne, where y* sicknes & small pox increaseth, 
and therefore if yo' Ma"' please to give me leave, I 
humbly desire to reside att Oatlands or att my house 
att Thorpe (w*"" is but 3 myles from Oatlands), 
whether I can take order that all packets shall w*''out 
any delay or p^iudice be brought to me. I assure 
yo' Ma"* I would not p^sume to crave this favour, if 
I could imagine that any inconvenience or delay 
might thereby happen to y* services yo' Ma"' hath 
bene pleased to comitt to y' care of, 
Y' Ma"" 
Most humble and most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Westminster, 31° Aug. 1641. Apostyled 7° 7*"'. 

Eden. 5 Sep. 
Indorsed, " For yo' sacred Ma"«." 
And by the King, " Yours apostyled." 

Members to come and attend us here in Scotland, to see the ratifica- 
tion of the said Treaty, and what else belongs thereunto." The Par- 
liamentary Debates say, that " these reasons seemingly contented 
both Houses, for we hear no more of the matter from either of the 
Journals ; " but Sir Edward Nicholas explains the business with 
more probability. 

• He had property in Chertsey,in the vicinity; and on the 17th of 
September was appointed, along with many others, to hold an inquest 
in the bounds of Windsor Forest, within the bailiwiclc of Surrey. 
The people had been enraged by the proceedings of the Justice in 
Eyre, the Earl of Holland. See Manning and Bray's Hist. Smrey, 
vol. I. Introduction, pp. xii. xiii. 




Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo'' Ma*'% 

Since my lef of y' 26th of this moneth it hath 
bene here ordered by both Houses of Parliam*, that 
out of y* monny accruing to y' Ma*'*' by vertue of y* 
last Act of Tonnage & Poundage,* there shal be 
paid for the use of the Navy 10 m. lb. for this moneth 
of Aug : and 15 m. for each of y' other 3 monethes 
to y* first of DecemV next, amounting in all to 
55 m. lb. and upon a message sent by y' Parliam* 
to y* Commission" of y* Treasury, they have given 
warraunt accordingly. 

There hath bene a conference between y* 2 Houses 
about some course to be taken for preserving of the 
myne of saltpeetre, but there is noe order as yet 
settled for it. 

The sentence whereby London Derry was adiudged 
forfeited to y^ Ma''*, is by y' House of Commons (as 
I heare) declared Nul, & that land thought fit to be 
restored backe to y* Citty of London.f 

The Parliam' here (upon a conference of both 
Houses) hath resolved to make a recesse on wensday 
y* 8th of Sep''" to y'' 26th of Octob' next, unlesse 
before that day there shal hapen some emergent 
busines, w"*' it is thought wil be as y* intelligence 
from Scotland shall please us here. 

The Qu. Mother % remaines still att Dover, ex- 

* This was taken into consideration by the House of Commons on 
the 26th of August, in consequence of long arrears due to naval 
officers, and the provisions in the magazines having been found to be 
decayed. Part of the money was also to be expended in fitting out 
ten men of war and ten merchant ships for the defence of the narrow 
seas ; the charge of which would amount to 57,000^., of which only 
1200^. as yet was to be appropriated out of the tonnage and poundage. 
The farmers of the Customs were ordered to make good the defi- 
ciency, to the amount of 15,000Z. per month. 

+ This refers to the proceedings of the Star Chamber against the 
City for non-performance of conditions in the charter granted to them 
by James the First. Vide Rushworth, vol. iv., p. 376. 

X i' e. the Queen Dowager of France. »; The departui-e of the 

You must 
coniand my 
Councell, in 
my name, 
that they 
doe what 
they may 
that the 
same vote 
passe not the 




Yoa may 
enery one, 
that now all 
difficulties ar 
paaed heere, 
as I hare 
Vane to tell 
Tou more at 

pecting (as my Lo. Marshall writes to me this 
morning) y* returne of a messenger from Flanders, 
soe as tuesday next wil be ye soonest that her Ma'" 
wil embarque. 

All things are like to be now very still here, every 
mans expectac'on being fixed upon yo' Ma"" & the 
Parliaments proceedings there, w""" I beseech God 
to direct & governe, as may be most for y* honor & 
prosperity of yo' Ma''' & of your royall posterity & 
all yo' kingdomes, and this shall ever be y* dayly 
prayers of, 

Yo' Ma"~ 
Most humble & obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

As I was making up this packet I receaved an 
order of the Upper House of Parliam' to Sir Jo. 
Penington f fo. y* stay of ships bound for Ireland, a 

Queen Mother from England, where she had arrived in 1 638, had been 
strongly orged fonfvard by the Parliament party. In a curious reprint 
of Grebner's astrological book, witli its observations on the life and 
death of Charles, it is said that on her coming, " all men were against 
her, for it was observed that wherever or unto whatever Country 
this miserable old Queen came, there followed immediately after her 
either the plague, war, famine, or one misfortune or another." — Yet 
the same writer, when speaking of her departure, says, "a sad 
spectacle it was, and produced tears from mine eyes and many other 
beholders, to see an aged leane decrepit poore Queen, ready for her 
grave, necessitated to depart hence, having no place of residence in 
this world left her, but where the curtesie of her hard fortune 
assigned it. She hod beene the onely statelie and magnificent woman 
in Europe." — She had, whilst in England, an allowance of 1001. per 
day ; and the Parliament gave her 10,000Z. for travelling expences 
on her departure. 

* Up to this period, notwithstanding the affair of Strafford, the 
king appears to have put perfect trust in the elder Vane, to whom 
his indulgence and favour had at all times been remarkable. Sir 
Philip Warwick, in his Memoirs, states a curious instance of it ; 
where, speaking of the economy of Charles's Coiu-t, he says that 
" besides the women who attended on his beloved Queen and Consort, 
he scarce admitted any great ofiBcer to have his wife in the family. 
Sir Henry Vane was the first that I knew in that kind, who, having a 
good diet as Comptroller of the Household, and a tenuity of fortune, 
was winked at ; so as the Court was filled, not crammed." 

f Sir John Peoaington was a distinguished naval officer of the 


coppy whereof I send inclosed, but whether there be 
any such ships in y* Downes, I cannot learne y* 
certeynty. The Queenes Ma*"* tells me she will not 
wryte till Munday by Mt. Murray. 

WESTMIlfSTER, 28" Awff. 1 641. 
Ede.\. 3 Sej}. 

The Kinff to the Lord Keeper. 

My Lo. Keeper, 
Y* answer that I can giue to yours of 31. of Aug. 
is only, that I am very well satisfyed w''' it : where- 
fore y^ cheefe subiect of this is, that hauing under- 
stood, that y* Lower House, in passing y* Bill of 
Tunnage and Poundage, forgot to reserue that 
aduantage to y^ merchant in diners comodities w""* 
I haue usually granted, therefore I co'maund you 
tell y^ Citty, in my name, that thoughe their owne 
burgesses forgot them in P'liam't, yet I meane to 
supply that defect out of my affecc'on to them, soe 
that they may see that they need noe mediators to 
me, but my owne good thoughts ; for as yet I assure 
you that I have not bene sued to in this particular 
by any on their behalfe. Soe I rest 

Your assured frend, 

C. R. 

Eden. TiSfep. 1641. 

I have commanded Nicholas to speake to you con- 
cerning the insolencies committed in y^' forest. 

The above is in Sir E. N.'s handwriting, and is thxis indorsed : 
u 70 7»r»^ 1641. Coppy of his Ma''" leV to my Lo. Keeper, to be 
communicated to the Citty." 

period, and was appointed by the King, a few months afterwards, to 
the command of the fleet ; but against this the Parliament remon- 
strated in favour of the Earl of Warwick, and Sir John was obliged 
to resign. There was another Pennington, at this time, extremely 
active ; but his name was Isaac, and he is very harshly spoken of by 
the royalist \vriters, as a man who had enriched himself most flagi- 
tiously in the service, or i"ather through the influence and power, of 
the Parliament. He was a merchant in the City. 




This dis- 
Iiache I ro- 
co«ue<i this 
morning, but 
Ullmy Wrfe 
that I hauo 
found falte 
with you, 
of hen WM 
within it. 

Tell him, 
that I am sn- 
tisfyed witli 
his letter, as 
indeed I am 
with you for 
the con- 
tinuall ac- 
couiita ye 
giue mee 
of my 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

Id the King's hand : 

Monday 20 Sep. 

May it please yo"" Ma"', 

I have by my Lo. Carr receaved yo' Ma"" 
com'auuds of y' 8tli of this monetb, apostiled upon 
ray let' of y* 31th of Aug. last, & have presented y' 
Ma''" to my Lo. Keeper, whoe hath alreddy communi- 
cated to my Lo. Mayor the effect of yo' Ma''" 
grac'ous intenc'on towards y* merchants that were 
not provided for by y* Act of Tonnage & Poundage, 
w"** was most dutifully & gratefully receaved' by 
y* Lo. Mayor, who will make known yo' Ma*^" 
great goodnes to all y' merchants of this Citty. 
My Lo. Keeper hath appointed my Lo. Bankes, 
Mr. Attorney, S' Art. Maynewariug & myself, to 
attend his Lo'''' att his house in y' country on Mun- 
day next, to consider of y* ryot committed in yo' 
Ma"" forrest of Windsor, & of some fitting course to 
prevent y' killing of any more deere there. 

I have herew"' sent yo' Ma"* a list of y" names 
of y' Com'ittees of y* Commons House, & y' instruc- 
c'ons given to them, w^h j have gotten w"' some 

The Com'ittees of y' Lo^' met yesterday in y' 
afternoone in y" Painted Chamber, & those of y" 
Commons in y* Excheq' Chamber apart by themselves, 
& afterwards iointly. All their busines was to 
peruse & anus w care le", w"'* they receaved from my 
Lo. G'rall,* & their Comittees in Scotland, & to 
take order for monnyes for payra' of the army, 
trayne of artiUery, and garrisons.f They have 
given order to my Lo. Adm" to send shipps to 
y* Holy Island J to fetch thence ordinance and 

* Earl of Essex. 

■f- The Lord General stated in his letters that it was tlie intention 
of the Scottish Parliament to keep 5000 m ai'ray, until the whole of 
the English anny was disbanded, and the " fortifications at Bei'wick 
and Carlisle slighted." 

± On the coast of Northumberland. 


amunic^on, &c. as yo' Ma"^ by y* order inclosed may 
perceave. I heare that these Committees have written 
to y* Committees in Scotland, that if by their next 
let" they shall certefy them that there is noe more 
busines for them in Scotland^ then they will con- 
sider of calling them home. 

By a coppy herew*'' sent, yo' Ma''* will perceave 
y* course that is here taken for paym' & discharge 
of y" garrison of Carlile, & accordingly the Pay- 
master hath alreddy receaved £4000, & is too- 
morrow to have y* rest of the monny, for y^ p^'sent 
carriage, whereof he hath taken order, soe as it shal 
be there by y* 3d or 4th of 8'"'', w""* is y" soonest it 
can possibly be carried thither by cart. 

The Declaracmon of y" Commons House * was Sun- 
day last read in y* parishe church here in West- 
minster, & is sent to y* sheriffs of all counties to be 
published. There is noe man prayeth more fervently 
for yo"" Ma''''' prosperous dispatch of yo' affaires 
there, & safe & speedy returne, than 

Yo' Ma"*' 
Most humble and most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

I heare y* Committees here have taken order for 
monnyes for paym' & discharge of yo' Ma''*' garrison 
at Berwick, & that it is to be sent downe att 3 
severall sendings, ■w'^^ will require some longer tyme. 

"Westminster, 16° Sep''"', 1641. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo'' most excell"' Ma"*, 
According to my advertisem' yesterday, both 
Houses of Parliam' have this day adiourned till 20° 

* This was against all superstitious rites and observances in public 
worship ; amongst which were enumerated crucifixes, images of the 
Virgin Mai'y, bowing at the name of Jesus, &c. They also ordered 
the Communion Tables to be moved from the east end of all churches 
and chapels ; and all sports and pastimes to be prevented on Simday. 



Octo*" next. They have appoynted Comittees to 
meete during: the recesse,* & their first day of 
meeting is to be Tuesday next, & then they are to 
adiourne from tynie to tyme as they shall thinke 
good. Their principall businea is to receave & 
annsweare all le" from Scotland, according to 
instruee'ons alreddy given to the Comittees there, 
whom they have power to call home if they see 
cause. They have also power to send downe monny 
to y* army, & to doe what they shall think requi- 
site for y*" disbanding of it, & to dispose of y*" 
cannons and artillery in y' North, & they are to 
make report of the Avhole busines att y° next meet- 
ing of both Houses. 

There was not att parting a very p'fect agreem' 
(as I heare) betwene the 2 Houses in all things, 
for the Peers declyning to ioyne w"' the Commons 
in orders touching innovac'ons in y" Church, the 
Commons notwithstanding ordered y" same to be 
printed, the particulars of w*^ orders are here in- 
closed.f I heare that the Lo"** & Commons have inti- 
mated tbat none of the disbanded soldiers, either 
horse & foote, Englishe or Irishe, shalbe p'raitted 
to serve either the ffrench or Spanishe King, but 
tbat they may serve the States. J tlpon a report that 
the Spanish and flFrench § AmbMors had treated 
w*** diverse of the horse & foote to serve their masters, 

* Lists of those Committees may be found in the ninth volume of 
the Parliamentary History, p. 536. 

+ The Lords did not quarrel with tlie spirit of the resolutions of 
the House of Commons ; but they made some slight alterations in the 
details. The Commons, however, went further on the day before 
adjournment than tliey had previously done ; for it was ordered that 
a lecture might be set up, and an orthodox minister maintained, at 
the expense of any parishioners, to preach on various occasions 
tiuronghout the week, and also on* the Sabbatli where there was no 

^ This leave to serve the States does not appear on the Parlia- 
mentary Records. 

§ Popular prejudice had arisen to a great height against these 
diplomatic personages ; the House of Lords liaviug found it necessary 
on the 30th of August to issue an order for the punishment of some 
rioters who had insulted the French Ambassador and his servants. 




the Co'mons House sent 2 of their members to each 
of their AmVdors, to know by what warr' they did 
goe about to levy any soldiers here, & by whose 
procurement they obteyned such warr*', but (it 
seeraes) they could discover nothing att all. 

As soone this day as the L^ House was adioumed, 
I receaved from Withering's deputy 3 packetts of 
le", y* one directed to yo' Ma*^ and y* whole P^liam*, 
the other to y' L** in P'liam* ; both w'*' I have sent 
now to Mr. Th'rer * for yo' Ma*^. I humbly beseech 
yo"^ Ma**^ that this le' may be scene by noe other eye 
than yo' owne, for I assure you the houses are very 
inquisitive after these that advertise yo' IMa*"" of any 
parliament busines. I hope yo' Ma*^ will now hasten 
for Englandj to put yo"" affaires here in good order, 
the armies being all disbanded but 4 regim**. I 
humbly beg your Ma*'" pardon for this tedies dis- 
course from, 

Yo' Ma*'*^ 
Most humble and obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

It was almost nine o^clock at night before y* 
Commons did adiourne j but y'' Lo^ adiourned at 3 
in y* aftemoone. 

Westminsteb, 9» Sep/>"*y 1641. 

Edejj. 13. 
" For yo"^ sacred Ma''^." 
" YoHTS apostyled." 
In Sir E. N.'s handwriting : " 9" Sep^^, 1641. apostil. 13°." 

I receaued 
yours of the 
8: yesterday, 
this, this 
day: but tell 
my Wife, 
that in 
nether of 
them, there 
was anie 
from her. 

If you would 
haue beene 
sure of 
secrecie, you 
should haue 
them under 
my couer. 

Be confident 
I will as 
soone as I 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' Ma^tie, 
The le'' inclosed from my Lo. Marshall will give 
yo' ^Ma*'*" an accompt of y' Q. Mothers landing & 
recepc^on in y' Low Countries, by y' care of y' 
Prince of Orange. The Houses of Parliam* here 
begin to be att some difference one w"* another; 

• Sir Henry Vane. 

p 2 


I UB not the Peers take it not well that y* Com'ons comanded 
madisorie ^q \^q printed an order for abolishing^ of innova- 
c'ons, &c.* w"'ont their approbac'on, & tliereupon 
their Lo*""" caused to be printed a former order made 
for observing y* Booke of Com'on Prayer, whereupon 
(I heare) y* Cora'ons made (on thnrsday night a little 
before their adiournem*) a Declarac'on against y* 
Lords said former order, & some of y* L*** have 
also made a protestac'on against y* same & entred it 
in their house, as yo' Ma"* may perceave by y* pro- 
testacc'on herew*** sent, & by the Declarac'on of y'' 
Com'ons House, w'"'" (I am tould) is sent to Mr. 
Th'rer by his sonne, but I cannot here procure a 
coppy it.f I have herew"* sent yo' Ma"' a coppy of 
an ordinance of both Houses concerning y' raysing 
& transporting of forces out of England and Irland. 
By a le' w"'' is sent in this packet from S' John 
ColepeperJ to Marq. Hamilton, & by another sent 
by young S' H. Vane to his father,^ yo' Ma"* (if you 
call for y' same) may see all the passages of y* 
Com'ons House since Munday morning, w""'' have 
beene soe various & dissonant, as may be worthy yo' 
Ma"" observac'on & informac'on. 
that ^'"^ "' There hath beene nothing spoken hitherto in 
Parliament concerning yo' Ma"" Generall Pardon. 
You may If yo' Ma"* ovcrcomc all difl&culties there, & make 
coilfidtntiie firme to you yo' good people of that kingdome, I 

in mjr niune 
th»t they ar. 

* This is the order formerly alluded to. Previous to adjournment, 
on the 9th, the Lords desired a conference on the subject of orders 
respecting Divine Service : but the Commons, without noticing that 
desire, instantly passed a resolution " that this House doth not con- 
sent to tliese orders, or to any of them." The Lords who protested 
against the proceedings of the Upper House were Bedford, Warwick, 
Clare, Newport, Wharton, and Kirabolton. 

f Copies of these Declarations may be found in Rushworth's Col- 
lections ; also in Natson'a. 

t He was Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

§ The elder Vane conUnued to hold the office of Treasurer only 
nntil the 26th of November, when, immediately after the King's 
return, he was succeeded by Lord Falkland. Nicholas seems to desire 
to convey to the King in a very marked way the continued relations 
of intimacy and correspondence existing between the elder and the 
younger Vane. 




beleeve it will not be difficult for you to put all 
things here in good order att y* next recesse, by 
carrying a steddy and moderate hand upon yo' 

Yo' Ma*'" will I hope pardon the tedious and 
empty le*" w*^*" you receave from, 
Yo' Ma*'" 
Most humble and most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Westminster, 10 -Se//"*, 1641. 

Eden: 16: 
" For yo"^ sacred Ma'''«." 
« Youi-3 apostyled." 10 1'"'", 1641. Apost. 16'. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' Ma*'% 
I cannot add any thing of advertisem* worthy yo' 
Ma*'" notice since my last of y* 10th of tliis present, 
only I can tell yo' Ma*'* that y* Declarac'on of y* 
Coui'ons (whereof I could not then procure a coppy) 
is now printed, as y* Duke of Richmondf can shew 
yo"^ Ma*'% to whome I have sent one from y" Ea. of 
Portland.^ Mr. Th'rer's 1" of y' 7"' present, puts 

On the oppo- 
site page, in 
the King's 

I co'mand 
you to draw 
up anie such 
warrant, as 
my Wyfe 
shall direct 
you, for the 
disposing of 
the great 
Collar of 
Kubies * that 
is in Hol- 
land, & tell 
her how I 

directed you 
to wait her 
co'mands iu 
this; & that 
I am confi- 
dent of your 
secrecie in 
this, & anie 
thing else, 
that I shall 
trust you 
with. C.R. 

* This was an affair requiring delicate management, though not 
now so dangerous as it became two years later, when the Parliament, 
understanding that the Queen had pawned the crown jewels in 
Holland, ordered that whoever had, or should pay, lend, send, or 
bring, any money or specie into the kingdom, for or upon those 
jewels, or accept of any bill hereafter, ehould be considered an enemy 
to the state. 

+ De Larrey, in his characters, describes the Duke as at the head 
of the royalist Lords, not only from his near relationship to the King, 
but also on account of his pei'sonal qualities. At the early age of 
twenty -one he had been made a Privy Councillor, and married to the 
Duke of Buckingham's daughter. " His wit, his courage, and his 
affection for the King, made him worthy the esteem and favour of 
the Court. But two qualities which he had, prevented his being 
serviceable to the King, who loved him : the one was, his too great 
diffidence of himself ; and the other (quite opposite) too great a 
haughtiness in point of honour. By the first he rendered himself too 
dependent ; and by the latter, too obnoxious." 

J Jerome Weston, second Earl of that title ; a family now extinct. 




I hare dis- 
pached this 
A tcU the 
Reaper that 
I exMct a 
account of 
this letter 
I aend him. 

y* Queene in expectac'on every howre of 1" fix>m yo' 
Ma'" by y' Lo. Carr. 

Besides y* Queenes le", yo' Ma*'" will herein 
receave one from my Lo. Keeper, Avho humbly prayes 
yo' Ma*^ pleasure for a new Sheriff for Nottinghara- 
sheire, as Mr. Th'rcr will acquaint yo' Ma*'*. I find 
alreddy that I shall not (now y' Parliam' is adiourned) 
have much occasion to trouble yo' Ma*** w"* 1", but I 
shalbe never the lesse vigilant & industrious in my 
care to approove myself 

Yo' Ma"" 
Most humble & most obedient servannt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 
Westminster, 13<> 5fe/>»™, 1641. 
Edem. 17. 

And this 
lylcewais is 
mcerlie for 
the conuey- 
ance of 
tbease two 

Ye had 


Eden : 23 
.Sept. 1641. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma*'*, 
I receaved yesterday yo' Ma*'" of the 13th of this 
moneth by Mr. ffrisoll, & in it a let' to the Queene, 
w** I instantly presented to her Royall hands, & ac- 
quainted her w"' what yo' Ma**" comaunded me. Her 
Ma*" tells me she wrote lately by my Lo. Carr,* & 
intends to write againe to yo' Ma*'* on Munday next 
by Mr. Wm. Murrey, & therefore forbeares to send 
by this packet, w*""' I now dispatch for conveyaunce of 
the inclosed from my Lo^ Keep'. I had sent the 2 
let" (w'^'' were directed to yo' Ma"' & y* Parliam*) 
under yo' Ma*'" owne cover, but that I founde it was 
divulged by Withering's deputy, that there were 
such le*" came to his hands, and by him sent to me, 
soe that it had beene a vayne thing for me to have 
concealed y*^ same from Mr. Th^rer, who 1 was sure 
had advertisem* of them by another hand. All 
things here are in a great still, every one being busy 
in listening after the proceedings of the Parliam't in 

* Lord Ker of Cesford ; son to the Earl of Roxburgh, Lord Privy 
Seal of Scotland, the first peer of the family, and ancestor of the 
Dukes of Roxburgh. 


Scotland, where Mr. Tli'rer writes the people are 
stiflFe, & seeme to be resolute not to recede from their 
proposic'ons, w*''' in my poore iudgem* is bad newes, 
and of very ill example to us here. 

I humbly thanke yo' Ma*'" for yo' gracious leave 
granted me to reside at my house att Thorpe, for y* 
sickness & small pox contynues very rife in London 
and Westminster. I am now once a day, or att least 
once in 2 dayes, att Oatlands, and intended to be att 
Westminster every tuesday & wensday, to attend 
what shalbe donne there by the Comittees, having 
nothing in my affecc'on or ambition soe much, as by 
an exact dilligence & fidelity to approve myself 

Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Thorpe, 18» Sep^'^'', 1641. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excel' Ma''*, 
Yesterday I sent by packet a le"" to yo"" Ma*** from 
the Lo. Keeper, & should not now have troubled 
yo'' Ma"*, but that the oportunity of safe conveyaunoe 
by this gent, doth prompt me humbly to minde yo' 
Ma*'* of some things in ray poore opinion worthy 
yo' Royall considerac'on. 

I am confident yo' Ma*'* doth by this time cleerly 
perceave, how it is here insinuated upon all occasions, 
that Popery (w*'' is generally exceeding distasteful! 
to yo' su*"* of this kingdome) is too much favoured 
by yo' clergy here, & in yo' owne Court, & that this 
opinion (how vniustly soever laid by Brownists* on ithaukeyon 
yo' Ma*'*' governm't) hath & doth (more than any Sfirm^ 
thing) preiudice yo' Ma*'* in y* esteeme & aflfecc'on ^ndeol-*' 
of yo' people, whose love I humbly conceave to be Bishobrikes, 
soe much yo' Ma*'** interest, as that it ought to be co'mand you 

* The " Brownist" schism began as early as the time of Elizabeth ; 
and their founder was able to boast, on his death-bed, that he had been 
in thirty-two prisons during his religious 'warfare with the established 




to diraet the 
B. of London 
tOMBd me a 
AUtoM notes 
w<khe& I 
made con- 
eerning tbe 
tbon places. 


Hitherto, I 
lyke your 
opinion well, 
tnit concern, 
ing the rest, 

preserved & reteyned by yo' Ma"* by all possible 
meaues : wherefore I humbly offer to yo' Ma**" con- 
siderac'ou, whether it be not requisite, that yo' Ma*'* 
should now (during this recesse) give some publique 
assuraunce to the contrary : w"^ I humbly conceave 
may be donne by yo' p'sent conferring of such 
Bp™** and eccles**" dignities as are now voyde vpon 
persons, of whome there is not the least suspicion 
of favouring the Popish partie, such as may be 
Dr. Prideaux,* Bromwich, Gouge, Mr. Shute, & y' 
like, if they will in these tymes accept of such 
p'ferm'*, for I assure y' Ma''* I am vnknowne to all 
and every one of them. Such men thus p'ferred, 
would not only give assurance of yo' Ma"" firme 
resoluc'on to maynteyne the Protestant religion here 
professed, but by filling vpp of y' vacant Bp"''" w"* 
such persons, yo' Ma"* would gayne not only their 
votes for Episcopacy, &c. but many more, who seeing 
such divines p'fered, would rest confident that there 
is noe intenc'on to introduce or connive at Popery. 

Also concerning the booke of Co'mon Prayer, (to 
partes whereof y* late Declarac'on of y* Co'mons 
House shewes there is some excepc'on), yo' Ma"* 
having constituted such B"', may be pleased to 
declare yo' reddines to reforme what shalbe thought 
amisse in it by yo' clergy & Parliam', w*** will prevent 
those that (in a zeale w^ut knowledge) seeke to 
overthrow y* good government & order wisely esta- 
blished in this Church : & thus by yo' Ma"*' tymely 
moderac'on, you will put a bitt in their mouthes, 
who (vpon a popular pretence of y* reliques of Popery) 
cry downe all that is of good order or decency in the 

And for a further assuraunce of yo' Ma"*' integrity 
in this reformac'on, I humbly ofier it to yo' Ma"*' con- 
siderac'on whether it may not be necessary (before y* 

* Prideaux was Canon of Christ Church, Oxford ; he was made 
Bishop of Worcester in 1641, and died in 1650. Dr. Ralph 
Brownrigg, Master of Catherine Hall, Cambridge, and Prebendary 
of Durham, was made Bishop of Exeter in 1641. Gouge and Shute 
were high in the confidence of the Puritan party, and remained 
steady to their old congregations. 




next meeting in P'liam*) to send away all the Capu- 
cins* & dissolve their cloyster, for if yo' Ma"* doe it not 
yo'self, I am misinformed if y* P'liam^t fall not vpon 
them when they come ugaine together; & it would 
be much more for yo' Ma*'''' hou"", & more acceptable 
to yo' people, & (it may be) safer for y* Capucins, if in 
that particular yo" Ma"* prevented the P'liam". 

And now I humbly beg yo' Ma''"' pardon for my 
presumc'on in tendering to yo' great wisdome these 
my vndigested thoughts, w*** I assure yo'' Ma''* have 
beene comunicated to noe other person in the world, 
but are (w"'out any p'tic'lar designe) meerely the 
yssues of my weake iudgem* & indulgent care of yo' 
Ma"*' honor, p*servac'on & service, w*** I preferre 
before any thing in this world that can concerne 
Yo' sacred Ma"*' 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Thorpe, 19 &?*'•*, 1641. 

Eden. 26. 
" For yo' sacred Ma"'." 
" Yours apostyled." 
Superscribed by Sir E. N. " 19° 5iepj,i„ 1641. Apostl. 26°. his 

Ma''" thaukes me for his le^ and my freedome in it. It was sent 

by Mr. W™. Murrey." 

I know not 
what to say, 
if it be not to 
aduertice nay 
Wyfe of the 
hir Capu- 
chins, & so 
first to heare 
what she will 

On the con- 
trair I 
thanke you 
for this hon- 
nest free- 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo'" most excellent M'tie, i wonder of 

Yesterday S' Job Harby,t & I attended the orc'rispct 
Q.ueene about yo'' Ma'^ collar of rubies, vpon w*^ he blfore^my™'* 

* This order of Roman Catholic priests had been introduced on 
the marriage of Charles with Henrietta Maria, and had been allowed 
to form an establishment here. 

+ He was of an ancient Northamptonshire family, the Harbys of 
Adston. His sister Emma was married to Robert Charlton, of 
Whitton, Esq., who suffered much for his loyalty in the cause of 
Charles the Second. Their son Sir Job was a Judge in the Common 
Pleas, and created a Baronet. 

X This Crisp appears to be the same person afterwards engaged, in 
1643, in the plan to seize the city of London for the King ; to which 
Edmund Waller was a party, according to Rushworth's account, 
though Clarendon considers their plans as completely distinct. 




Miiiiig from 
LoMdon that 
it would U- 


taU«f hon- 

the cource 
now taken 
by my Wyfe 
in this. 

It is BO, & 


I lyke yonr 
and shall 
Kett as much 
as I may, 
howener I 
thanke yon 
for your ad- 

it be to good 
that there be 
DO knavery 
in it. 

I eommand 
yon to Bead, 
in my name 
to all those 
Lords that 
my Wyfe 
shall tell yon 
of, that they 
faile not to 
attend at the 
downe sitt- 
ing of the 

saith there is alreddy £5"°°. Her Ma*** hath let him 
vnderstand yo'" Ma'*" pleasure concerning y* dis- 
posing of it, whei^upon he hath promised that he 
and S' Jo. Nulls (who hath bene formerly imployed 
in the pawning of it) will forthw"* ^vrite to y*" partie in 
Holland w"" whome it lyes engaged, to see what more 
monny may be had vpon it, and if that man will not 
lend any further considerable som'e, then S' Job 
promiseth to doe his best to procure elsewhere as 
much more vpon it as he can, & therew"* redeeme it 
out of the hands where it now lyes, & get y* overplus 
for yo' Ma''*, & he assures the Queeue, that he will 
doe this w"* secrecy, and all possible dilligence. 

This inclosed from my Lo. Keeper was brought to 
me the last night to be conveyed to yo' Ma***, & will 
I hope give yo' Ma'" an account of yo' last let' to his 
Lo''''. Yo' Ma''* may be pleased to procure from y* 
P'liament there some further reiterac'on of their 
declarac'on, that what yo' Ma"* hath consented vnto 
concerning y* election of Officers there may not be 
drawne into example to yo' Ma''*' preiudice here, for 
if I am not misinformed there wilbe some attempt 
to procure the like Act heere concerning Officers 
before y* Act of Tonnage & Poundage wilbe passed 
to yo' Ma"* for lief. 

I heare that y* Comittee of the Commons hath ap- 
pointed to take into considerac'on yo' Ma"" Revenue 
y* next weeke, and that they will then set at least 
twice a weeke,* I am vnwilling to give yo' Ma'"* in 
yo' great affaires there too long an interruption with 
the tedious lynes of, 

Yo' sacred Ma"** 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nichola*. 

Thorpe, 24° Sep'>"*, 1641. 

* The powers given to these Committees, during the recess, were 
almost unlimited. In vol. ix. of the Parliamentary History, page 
537, a copy of them is inserted. 


Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma**, 
Being yesterday at Oatlands to attend the Queenes 
com^aunds, her Ma'" gaue me this paper inclos'd, w*'' 
comaund to send it this day to yo' Ma*** : it was 
brought to y* Queene by y' Lady Carlile,* who saith 
she had it from y'' Lo. Mandeville.t I confesse it were 
not amise to have it published, but I had rather it 
should be donne by any other hand than yo' Ma*"" 
or y* Queenes, & therefore I could wishe yo' Ma**' i shaii. 
would conceale it for a day or 2, by w*^ tyme I 
know there wilbe other coppies of it sent into 

The late crosse orders, & \Tiusuall passages in 
P'liam't a little before y^ Recesse, are so distastfull to 
y* wiser sorte, as it hath taken oflF y* edge of their 
confidence in parliamentary proceedings, & I verily 
beleeve, that if y* Houses (when they next meete) 

* This was the Dowager Carlisle, Lady Lucy Percy, second wife, 
and, at this date, widow of James Hay, first Earl of Carlisle ; a 
famous woman in her time, celebrated by Waller and others, and 
supposed to have become as intimate with Pym as she had previously 
been with Straffoi'd. Clarendon accuses her of perplexing the King's 
affairs, and what Nicholas states of her above seems to exhibit an 
equal readiness to perplex the affairs of Parliament. But, being 
upwards of forty, she had now perhaps wholly given up amatory for 
political intrigues. 

■f" Son to the first Earl of Manchester of the Montague family, and 
formerly a personal friend of the King, having accompanied him on 
his romantic journey to Spain. The nature of the paper here alluded 
to, may be sui-mised from the fact that Lord Mandeville was at this 
time an active member of the Parliament party, and deep in the 
counsels and confidence of Pym. In the preceding year he had been 
one of the Commissioners to arrange all causes of dispute with 
Scotland. He was now best known, however, as the Lord Kimbolton, 
having at this period been called to the Upper House for his father's 
barony, though retaining the title of Viscount Mandeville by courtesy. 
A little later he was impeached with the five members. His brother, 
Walter Montague, was a bigoted Catholic priest, Abbot of Pontoise, 
in France, and Confessor to the Queen after the death of Father 
Phillips : he is further noticed in subsequent letters. 




It were not 
•mils thet 
some of my 
■net lyke- 
wels to 
niTnd ther 
PtoU, to 
.speeke w'th 
my Wyfe & 
t-eoeeue her 

shall approove of what was then done, it will loose 
them y* reverence that hath bene heretofore paid to 

I heare there are divers meetings att Chelsey att y' 
Lo. Mandevilles house & elsewhere by Pym * and 
others, to consult what is best to be donne at their 
next meeting in P'liam' : & I beleeve they will in y' 
first place fall on some plausible thing, that may 
redintegrate them in y' people's good opinion, w** is 
their anchor-hold & only interest ; & (if I am not 
much misinformed) that wilbe either vpon Papists, 
or vpon some Act for expunging of Officers and 
Counsellors here according to y* Scottish p'cedent, 
or on both together, & therefore it will import yo' 
Ma**', by some serious and faithfuU advise, to doe 
some thing to anticipate or prevent them before their 
next meeting. 

Yesterday at Oatlands I understood that S' Jo. 
Berkeley & Capt. O'Nealef were come over, & that 
they had bene the day before privately at Way- 
bridge : I was bould then to deliver my opinion to 
y" Queene, that I did beleeve if they continued in 
England they would be arrested (thoughe y' P'li- 
am't sit not) by vertue of y'' warrant, that was 
given att first to y* Sarjant at Armes (attending y* 
Commons House) to attache them. Her Ma*'' seemed 
(when I tould it to her) to app'hend noe lesse, & will 

• Tliis was a very short time previous to the City riots, and the 
affair of the London apprentices. Subsequently the City found it 
necessary to check those riots, and Venn, one of their members, 
having exerted himself to keep the peace, a party pamphlet observed 
that the rioters would have proceeded to the Mansion House, " but 
by the providence of God, and the great wisdom of Captain Yen, they 
were prevented." 

+ O'Neale was deeply implicated in what was called the Army Plot ; 
the conspiracy for bringing up the English army against the Pai'lia- 
ment, before referred to (ante, p. 56), in which Percy, Wilmot, Goring, 
Ashburnham, and several others were engaged. May, in his History 
of the Parliament, p. 65 (Mason's edition), calls O'Neale an Irishman 
and a Papist ; and states that he was committed to the Tower, but 
escaped before trial. Berkeley was an officer of high rank, always 
active in the King's service, and is repeatedly mentioned by Clarendon, 
particularly as Governor of Exeter, which he wiis obliged to surrender 
to the Parliamentary forces. 




Month euery 
thnrd day 
at furthest I 
have written 
to her. 

I believe take order that notice may be given to 
them of y* danger of it, but her Ma''* for y* p*sent 
said she knew not where they were. 

The Queene being now every day in expectac'on thTs^fofaii 
of le" from yo' Ma''* (having receaved non since tues- *^^^ '*^* 
day last) doth forbeare to write by this dispatch. 

Wee know not y" importance of y* affaires there 
that deteyne yo' Ma*** soe long, but it is by those 
that wishe best to yo' service here, thought very 
necessary that yo' Ma*** should hasten to be here as 
soone as may be possible before y* 20th of 8''"; and 
if yo' Ma*'* leave behinde you some Councellors that 
you carryed hence, it is thought yo"^ Councells here 
will not prosper the worse, nor be the lesse secreat, 
only it may be yo' Ma*'* may thereby deprive some 
menc'oned in y* paper inclosed of their wonted 
intelligence.* I beseech yo"" Ma*'* to vouchsafe to 
advertise me whether this come safe to yo' Royall 
hands, & to burne it, that it may never rise in iudge- 
ment against, 

Yo' sacred Ma*'*' 
Most humble & obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Thorpe, 27 Sep'"^, 1 64 1. 
Eden. 2 Oct. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo'" most excellent Ma*'*, 
I had noe sooner sent away my packet on Munday 
last but I receaved yo"" Ma*^*' apostile of y* 20*'' p*sent, 
& w**' it a le' to y* Queene, w*** I forthw*** p*sented to 
her royall hand, & yesterday I receaved yo' Ma*'*' 
apostile of y* 23"* of this moneth, & instantly sent 
away yo' Ma*'*' let' to the Queene, & that to my 
Lo. Keeper. I tould y* Queene that yo' Ma*'* had ^eii her that 

1 1.1 J." n/« TT 1 thisdoble 

blamed me, that m severali oi my dispaches there amends is 
was no le' from her Ma*'*, for w*'' she hath now made Ltufa^uon. 

* The allosion to the elder Vane is manifest here. The Treasurer, 
however, was now in hia northern seat at Raby, having temporarily 
left the king. 





may ivptBt 

When yc 
■hall see 
UtteU Will : 
Murray then 
ye shall 
know cer- 
tainlie not 
oulie of my 
retume, but 
also how all 

a reconipence by sending me two 1", w"'' yo' Ma*'* 
shall herein receave. 

The Com'ittecs of y* Peers met not yesterday, but 
will tuesday next. The Commons Coraittees* met, 
& had before them S' Jo. Berkley & Capt. O'Neale, 
who coming over lately, were (as I heare) yesterday 
apprehended by y* servannt of y* Serjant att Armes 
(attending y' House of Com'ons) vpon y" first war- 
raunt that was issued for taking of them, & y* 
Com'ittces would not bayle them, though they 
tendred it, alleaging they had not power to doe it. 

Yesterday y" Remembrancer of the Citty of London 
came to me from the Lo. Mayor & Court of Alder- 
men, & desired me to present to yo' Ma'"* the humble & 
dutifull thankes of the Citty for yo' Ma**" great grace 
Sc goodnes in y* busines of Tonnage & Poundage. 
I assure yo' Ma'" that yo' gracious le' concerning 
that matter hath wrought much vpon y* affecc'ons, 
not only of y' merchaunts, but of diverse others of 
this Citty. 

The Remembrancer tould me further, that y' Lo* 
Mayor & Aldermen desired him to enquire of y* day 
when yo' Ma''* wilbe here, to y* end that, according 
to their dutifull aflFecc'ons, they might meete yo' Ma*'% 
to attend yo' royall person into this Citty, thoughe 
he said y* Citty (being become poore) were not able 
to give yo' Ma''* any p'sent according to their custom. 
I have promised to let them know when yo' Ma"' 
wilbe here as soone as I shall know y* certeynty 
of it. Of all w'"'' I thought it my duty to advertise 
yo' Ma'^', that I may therein doe nothing but what 
may be agreeable to yo' Ma'"' good pleasure ; not- 
w'^'standing I humbly conceave it imports yo' Ma''* ta 
cherish y' affecc'ons & goodwill of this Citty. 

By let" to particular p'sons (w'*" I have scene) dated 
25"?'^, it is advertised from Edenb. that yo' Ma*^" hath 

• The Report of these Committees was made to the Parliament, 
on their meeting, by Mr. Pym. A copy of it is inserted in vol. x. of 
the Parliamentary History, p. 1. Pym, in this report, says that 
Berkeley and O'Neale came voluntarily to him, at his lodgings in 
Chelsea, for the purpose of submitting to the orders of the House ; 
after which the deputy Serjeant attached tliem on the first order. 




nominated y' Lo. Lodian to be Chancellor. What- 
soever y* newes be that is come hither amongst y" 
partie of y^ Protesters, they are observed to be here 
of late very iocund & cheerefull, & it is conceaved to 
arise from some advertisements out of Scotland, from 
whose acc'ons & successes they intend (as I heare) 
to take a patterne for their proceeding here att their 
next meeting. I hartely pray for yo'' Ma*'" speedy & 
happy returne, as being (of all men) most obhged 
to be 

Y(f sacred Ma**''' 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw, Nicholas. 

Westminster, 29° Sep^^, 1641. 

Eden. 5 Oct. 
" For yC sacred Ma'"'." 

" Yours apostyled." 
29<»7*^, 1641. Apost. 5 8*^. 

It is Loudun 

I beliue be- 
fore all be 
done that 
they wUl not 
haue such 
great cause 
of joy. 

This day I 
yours of the 
1: Oct 

Srr Edward Nicholas to the King. 

Mbj it please yo' most excell"* Ma**", 
These inclosed from y^ Queene & my Lo. Keeper 
were brought to me y* last night late to be sent to 
yo' Ma*'*. I have not as yet receaved from the 
Bpp of London* a list of the vacant Bp"'^* : I beleeve 
his LoP hath not finished the notes yo' Ma'** & his 
Lo'"'' made concerning that busines, w*** he tould me 
were very imperfect. 

I beseech yo' Ma*'' to give me leave to put you in 
minde that there is noe one thing that you can now doe, 
that Avill better rectify y* ielousies of yo' good people, 
more satisfie their mindes, & settle their affecc'ons to 
yo' Ma*'*, then y* good choyce you make of sruch as 
yo' Ma*" shall now appoint to be B^p^ ; & as it wilbe 
much for yo' service that y* new B'''" be plausible 
persons, & beyond excepc'on, soe there would be a 
great care had that noe B^p be removed, of whome 
there is any suspic'on of being any Avayes popishly 
affected, or otherwise much disliked. 

I dout not 
but in this to 
giue good 

Dr. JuxoD, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury. 




by this that 
ail thcr de- 
srnes hit 
not, A I hope 
before all be 
done that 
they shall 


them to th« 


Yoa shall 
doe well to 
aduyse with 
•ome of my 
there how 
this may be 
n>r I asseur 
yoa, that I 
doe not 
meane to 
grant it. 

The partie here, who we say hath y' best intelli- 
gence from Scotland {v/'^ is Mr. Pym & young 
S' Hen. Vane), report that y* Ea. of Arguile* is 
Chauncellor of that Kingdome ; it seeraes it was soe 

I hear Mr. Th'rer is still at Raby,t & that he 
will not returne to Scotl. before yo' Ma"" coming 
thence, w'"" makes me humbly to craue yo' Ma"" 
com'aund whether I shall contynue the addresse of 
all packets still to him, or to whome else. 

I assure yo' Ma"* it is liere resolved (if my intelli- 
gence doth not much deceaue me) to presse yo' 
Ma"% at y* next meeting in P'liam' for y" like Act 
touching y* elecc'on of officers and Councellors here, 
as yo' Ma"" hath graunted to y' Scots ; & in this I 
believe yo' Ma"' will find a more generall concurrency 
& accord, then hath bene in any one thing this 
P'liam*; for many here say, that otherwise all y' 
great offices and places of councellors here, wilbe 
filled upp w*"" Scotsmen. I beseech yo' Ma"* to 
vouchsafe to consider well of this particular, and be 
pleased to conceale that you have y* advertisem' of it 
from me. 

I beseech God to direct & assist yo' Ma"" and 
yo' Councells soe as you may returne w"" honour^ 
w"* shall ever be y* prayer of 
Yo' sacred Ma***" 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Thorpe, 3 Octobr, 1641. 
Eden. 9. 

• This report was not true, as the King observes. Argyle was 
not Chancellor of Scotland ; though Charles had been induced to grant 
him a Marquisate. In connection with the fact that he was after- 
wards beheaded for high treason (in the year after the Restoration), 
it is remarkable that in 1651 he had actually put the crown upon the 
head of Charles the Second at Edinburgh. 

f From this, and the similar covert threats in the margin of the letter 
preceding, as well as in others that follow, it is obvious that the 
King now believed himself in possession of facts involving the 
probable overthrow of the popular leaders. 

X His own country seat. 




Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

jSIay it please yo^ most excell"* Ma*'', 
Yesterday I receaved yo' Ma""' commands by an 
apostile vpon my le' of y' 24'*' of y^ last moneth, & 
forthw*"" p^sented yo' Ma''*° to y* Queene, and sent 
that to my Lo. Keeper ; & w"' this yo"" Ma''* will 
receave 2 let'" from y" Queeue, & one from my Lo. 

It hath bene here confidently said, by those that 
holde correspondency w''' y* Engl. Comittees in 
Scotland, that y' Ea. of Arguile shalbe at length 
Chauncellor, & that y* Lo^ Amont* shall not be 
Th^rer ; &, if I am not much misinform^, they are 
here as peremptorily resolved to presse & put upon 
yo"^ Ma''* a Lo. Th'rer & some other officers before 
they will settle yo" returne, & nothing can brake 
their designes here but yo' Ma''** presence ; & if 
yo' Ma''* do not hasten to be here some dayes before 
y* next meeting in Parliam', I doubt there wilbe few 
that will dare to appeare here to oppose y* party 
that now swayeth ; & I pray God there be not some 
design e in deteyning yo' Ma''* there till yo' affaires 
here be reduced to the same state they there are in. 
I assure yo' Ma"* y* opinion of wise men here is, that 
to have what officers you desire in that kingdome 
cannot make soe much for yoiu' service there, as 
yo' absence hence at this tyme will preiudice you in 
businesses of more importaunce here : and as tor the 
Lo. Montrosse f & y^ rest, some here (that pretend 

Though I 
cannot re- 
turne so 
scone as I 
could wishe, 
yet I am con- 
fident that 
you will 
fynde ther 
was neces- 
setie for it, 
& I hope 
that manie 
will miss of 
there ends. 

* This was Levingston, Lord Almont, who had the first command 
under Lesley in the Scottish anny, and was afterwards created Earl 
of Callendar. Charles had certainly intended to give him tlie office 
of Lord Treasurer, but was obliged to put it into commission, 
naming the Earls of Argyle, Glencairn, Lothian, and Lindsey, &a 

f Montrose, it is hardly necessary to remind the reader, had very 
recently quitted the Covenanting party, and joined the King. 

VOL. IV. a 




trev that 70U 
saj, bat I am 
rare that I 
miss sume- 
what in 

goint of 
onnor, if 
they all be 
not releued 
before I goo 

I retnme 
beerewith to 
the B. of 
London, not 
onlie bis 
noats, bat 
also bow all 
the Toide 
Biab:* ar 

to understand y* condic*on of their case) ai*e of 
opinion, that ther iunocency is such, as they will 
not fare y* worse for yo' Ma*'" lea\ing them to y" 
ordinary course of justice there. 

I am credibly assm-ed, that y' Citty of London 
growes very weary of y' insolent carriage of y" 
Schismaticks, finding their way of governm' to be 
wholly arbitrary. Alderman Gourney [Gurney] 
(according to his right and place) is elected Lo. 
Mayor notw^'standing y* opposic'on of y' factious 
party, throughe y* stoutnes and good aft'ecc'on of one 
of y' new Sheriffs (called Clerck), who while y* fac- 
tious persons were making a noyse, & would not 
proceede to y* elecc'on, proposed Ald^man Gourney 
(who I heare is very well affected & stout), & caiTy'd 
it, & y* Schismaticks (who cryed noe elecc'on) wei'e 
silenced w*** hisses, & thereupon y* Sheriff dismist 
y' Court. 

Yo' Ma"' will herew*'* receave from my Lo. of 
London y' notes yo' Ma''" sent for to him ; his Lo"'' 
is soe lame in his hand & shoulder, as he was not 
able to write to yo' Ma''*, for av''' he beggeth yo' 
Ma"" pardon. His Lo^ desired me to signify that 
he hath sent yo' Ma"" y* same individuall papers & 
notes w"'' yo' Ma*"* hath formerly scene, because yo' 
Ma"* is best acquainted w"* them : & he saith that 

* The new-made Bishops were: 
Bristol . . Thomas Westfield, Archdeacon of St. Albau's, of Jesus 

College, Cambridge. 
Cbichesteh. Heiiry King, Dean of Rochester, of Christ Church 

College, Oxford. 
ExETKB . . Ralph Brownrigg, Prebendary of Durham, Scholar 

and Fellow of Pembroke Hall, and Master of 

Catherine Hall, Cambridge. 
Norwich. . Joseph Hall, Bishop of Exeter. 
Salibburt . Brian Duppa, of Christ Church, Oxford, Bisliop of 

Chichester, Tutor to the Prince, translated to 

WoBCESTEK . John Prideaux, Rector of Exeter College, Oxford, and 

Canon of Christ Church, died 1650. 
York . . . John Williams, Bishop of Lincoln, Lord Keeper, died 

Carlisle . . James Usher, Archbbhop of Armagh, ob. 1655. , 




y^ Bp""''^ that are voyde have a cipher set before 
them ; his Lo^ alsoe entreated me to acquaint yo"" 
Ma*'" that y** party whome you had in yo"" thoughts 
for y'' gprick q£ Chichester desires to be spared for 
that place, if yo" Ma"" soe please, & at yo"" returne he 
will acquaint yo" Ma*'" w"* y" reason of it. 

I have tould y" Queeue what yo' Ma*'" wrote to 
me touching y" Collar of rubies, & by her Ma*'"* 
co'maund I have sent to speake w*** S" Job Harby 
about that busines, whereof by my next I shall give 
yo" Ma*'" a further accompt. I shall have a care to 
send in yo"" Ma*'"^ name to all such Lo*^* (as y" Queene 
shall direct) not to faile to attend y" downe sitting 
of y" P'liam*. 

The Committees of both Houses met this affcer- 
noone att a conference, they were all bare-headed 
during y" conference, both Lo'^'^' & Co'mons by a 
privatt intimac^on, but if y" Lo^' should have put on 
their hatts, y" Commons were resolved to have donne 
soe likewise. Their conference was concerning some 
troopers, who flock to y" Committees in soe great 
numbers, as they have agreed vpon an order to be 
fortw*"* printed for sending them away, a coppy of 
w"'' order is herew*^ sent. Vpon let*"* from y" Lo. 
Howard, and y" rest of y" Committees (advertising 
that yo" Ma*'" will not come from Scotl. this moneth 
at soonest) they have leave to come home as they 
desire, w*** power to leave any of their company 
behinde them if they shall see cause. The Comittee 
of y" Commons here, upon pretence that some of their 
let*"' have miscarryed, doe now send an expresse 
messenger w*^ their let*"* to their Comittees, & I am 
privatly tould that that messenger carries let*"* that 
advertise all their secret designes from y" close 
councells that have beene held here : & that he sets 
not forth from hence till too-morrow noone at soonest. 

to bee filled 
in a noate 
aparte, all 
w'th my 
owen baud ; 
wberein you 
ar to obserue 
two tilings 
to bim ; first 
tbat I haue 
frome my 
thoughts, to 
satisfie the 
tymes, & yet 
I hope, that 
I haue not 
disserued my 
selfe, in my 
elections : 
that in filling 
theBish: I 
haue voided 
3 Deaneries, 
to Witt 
ter, St. 
Paules, & 
w"^"" I haue 
not thought 
fitt to fill, 
untill my 
returne, be- 
cause 1 am 
not yet well 
resolued in 
onlie I in- 
tend (if the 
tymes will 
sufier it) to 
giue that of 
ter* to him 
that I in- 
tendit should 
have been B. 
of Chicester. 

• Westminster was at present vacant, in consequence of John 
Williams, Bishop of Lincoln, afterwards Archbishop of York, having 
been suspended by the Court of Star Chamber. John Earl was the 
next holder of the Deanery. 

G 9. 


8oe as this wil be w"* yo' Ma"* before liira. I beseech 
God to send yo' Ma'" a speedy, safe, & ho'''' returne, 
& soe will euer prav, 

Yo' sacred Ma"" 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 
Edw. Nicholas. 
Wbsthinstkr, S: 8»^, 1641. 

Edkn. 12. 
" For yo' Sacred Ma>'«." 
In the King's writing: 
" Yours apostyled." 
5» 8*™ 1641. Apostil'' 12". Ily S' W"* Ballotine. 

Tlie Queen to Sir E. Nicholas. 

Maistre Nicholas, I send you the names of the 
Lords that I thiuke fit to be send for. You must to 
aduertice the Bishops to be heer, so hauing no more 
to say I reste 

Your assured frend, 

Henriette Marie R. 

Cumberland, huntintong, bath, Northampton, 
Deeuonchier, bristoll, Newcastell, Pawlett, Couentry, 
Seymer, Cotintong.* 

If you wood writt to bridgeman f to com and to 
speake to all is frends in that contray is in Lencachier 
and so to as mauie as ar your frends : for mene 
others I haue spokne my selfe to them already. 

" For Maistre Nicholas." 

Indorsed, " R. 5° 8*™ 1641, the Qneenes lett' to me." 

* The Peers here meant may be easily understood, notwithstanding 
her Majesty's royal grant of new names. The last, which has 
sufTered the most, is evidently intended for the Lord Cottington. 

f This most probably was Sir Orlando Bridgeman, then Master 
of the Court of Wards, and Attorney to the Prince of Wales; or it 
may have been one of his brothers, sons of the Bishop, two of whom 
were married into Lancashire families. 



Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

]\Iay it please yo' most excellent Ma"*, 
Since my last of y* 7th present, I receaved yo' 
Ma*'" comaunds apostiled y* 2""^ of this moueth, & 
have presented yo' Ma*'" let" to y* Queene, whereof 
I have here'"' sent an aunsweare from her Ma*'% w""" 
came this day to my hands, I have acquainted her 
Ma*'' (as you were pleased to comaund) that yo' Ma*'* 
wished that some of yo' servaunts here would meete 
to countermyne y* plots here, but y* Queene saith, 
that cannot be done in yo" Ma*'" absence. I have 
written let"^' to all such Lo^^, as I have had direc""^ 
to send unto, to attend att y* downe sitting of y* 
Parliam*. Touching yo' Ma*'" Collar of Rubies, y" 
Queene wishes that nothing be donne in it till y*" 
next weeke, when S' Job Harby saith he shall 
receave answeare to his le" sent into y' Low Coun- 
tries, & in y'' meane tyme I am privatly to informe 
myself by what warrant that iewell was put into S' 
Job Harbyes or any other hands. 

Yo"" Ma*'' will herew*'' receave a le*' from my Lo: 
Lieutenant of Ireland.* The insolency & disorders 
of y' disbanded souldiers in & neer this towne is soe 
great, as y' Lo^ of y' Councell (who met this day at 
Whitehall) have thought fit that some course should 
be forthw*** taken to disperse & send them away, 
& to that purpose their Lo^^' humbly desire to know 
yo' Ma*'" pleasure whether a proclamac'on shal be 
issued by y' Lo^' Commissioners (whome yo'' Ma*'' did 
authorise to set forth proclamac'ons upon certeyne 
occasions in yo' Ma"" absence) to y' effect of y' 
inclosed printed order of y' Com'ittees of both 
Houses, (whereof yo' Ma*'' had formerly a coppy 
sent) ; but this their Lo^t" intend should be without 
taking any notice of that order, unlesse yo' Ma*'' 
shall expressly direct that menc'on be made of it ; 
in this partic'lar their Lo''* pray yo" Ma*'" speedy 
resoluc'on & order. 

* The Earl of Leicester had received the appointment, but he 
never went over to take possession of his Government 

I confess* 
not so well, 
but yet so 
mucii as may 
doe much 
good, ther- 
fore be dili- 
gent in it. 

You sliall 
doe well to 
doe so. 

I thinke it 
most fitt. 

by anie 


The principall cause y* Lo^' meeting this day in 
Councell was to consider of some let*" from Irland 
concerning Londonderry, whereupon they have sent 
to y" Lo*'* Justices for further informac'ou before 
they can doc any thing in it. I pray for yo' Ma*"" 
happy dispatch of yo' great afifaires there, & safe 
returue for England, as being 
Yo' sacred Ma''" 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Westminster, 9° Octo<>" 1641. 
Eden. 13. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma*'", 
I receaved (by young S' Rob: Pye *) on Satterday 
last yo"" Ma''" com'aunds by apostilc of y" 5"' p'"sent, 
& am much ioycd, that there is hope of yo"^ Ma"" 
returne sooner then is generally reported here, where 
it is confidently said (amongst y* most authentique 
intelligencers in Scottish afiaires), that yo"" Ma''" will 
not be here till Christmas, & I assure yo' Ma''" they 
give forth, as if yo' Ma''" were likely to receaue but 
an ill harvest of all y" paynes yo' Ma"" hath taken : 
But I hope y" happy conclusion of yo"" businesses 
there, shall now very shortly, by good effects, con- 
tradict and falsify their stories, 

I humbly conceaue that it may be for yo' Ma""' 
honour & advantage, that y" Lo: Mayor of London 
wayte on yo' Ma"" att yo' returne, that you may have 
thereby opportunity to shew yo'self gra'cous to yo' 
people, by speaking a short word now & then to 
them as you passe amongst them, to cheere & en- 
courage them in their dutifull affecc'ons to yo' 
Royall person ; & therefore I beseech yo' Ma"", that 
by yo' next I may receave yo' pleasure, whither I 
I doe lyke shall intimat to y" Lo. Mayor, that yo' Ma"" will 
7on'Bh!)nw expect that he & his brethren attend * yo' Ma"" ac- 
doe no. cordingly : And I humbly desire to know to whome 

I shall addresse let" for yo' Ma"", Avhen you shalbe on 

* Of Lockhamsted, Bucks, Baronet; a title now extinct. 


yo"^ iourney hither, for that I beleeve Mr. Thre'r will To the Duke 
not ride see fast as yo'" Ma''". The occasiou of this (KiSmond.) 
dispatch is y" inclosed from my Lo: Keeper. 

The Queene sent me word even now that she shall 
not write by this packet. We hope yo'" Ma*'*'' next 
V" will satisfy yo"" good servaunts expectac^on here 
w"* the desired newes of yo"" Ma*'" happy & speedy 
returne, w"** is y" earnest prayer of 
Yo' Sacred Ma*'''" 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw\ Nicholas. 
Thorpe: Munday 11" &"■'" 1641. 
Eden: 18 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo"^ most excellent Ma*'*, 
Yesterday I sent to yo"" Ma*'* in myne a let'r from 
my Lo*^ Keeper by packet : and this is to give yo"" 
Ma*'* advertisem*, that y* Lo''''' of yo"^ Ma*'*' Privy 
Councell met here this morning, to consider of some 
Irishe businesses, when they agreed upon a let"" to 
be forthw*'' sent to yo' Ma*'* w"' their Lo^' advise, for 
divers reasons expressed in their said lef (a coppy 
whereof for better expedic'on is here inclosed), to 
giue order to yo' Ma*'*' Justices in Irland to prorogue 
y* parliam* there (w*'' is to meete y* 9th of No''*'") till 
ffebruary next : the originall under y* Lo^ hands 
shalbe sent to yo' Ma*'* as soone as it can be got 
signed, if yo' Ma"* shall approve of their Lo^' advise, 
you may be pleased for better expedic'on to send one 
let' under yo' Ma"*' hand imediatly from Edenburg 
into Irland by an expresse messenger to y* Lo"' 
Justices, forthw*'' to set forth a proclamac'on to that Jw*^^redS|. 
purpose : & another by the way of West Chester or 
thereabouts, least y* former should miscarry or 
receave delay. The Lo*'''' of yo' Ma*'*' Privy Councell 
here have also this day giuen order to the Justices 
of Peace (in & neere London) to take a course, that 
a more effectuall and strict order be taken for present 
sending away all y* disbanded souldiers (w*'' still 
pester this city) : & for shutting up of all houses 




infected, for that y' sicknes disperseth very much & 
dangerously hereabouts. 

There was tliis day nothing donne by the Comittees 
of either House worthy yo' Ma"" notice. There is a 
strong report (spred by persons of best crcddit here 
for intelligence & knowledge of y" proceedings in 
Scotl:) that yo' Ma"*" will not be here these 9 moneths, 
but what ground they have for it, I cannot learne. 

There is a whispering here, as if yo' Parliam' (when it 
meetes) would adiourne for some moneths, or to some 
other place : I tould my Lo: Keeper this day that if 
y' P'liara' should adiourne to a further day, (thoughe 
but for a moneth or two) before they passed y'" Bill 
of Tonnage & Poundage to yo' Ma'% (the same being 
graunted only to y' first of Decem: next,) it would 
put yo' Ma"' to a great streight for want of monny to 
uphold yo' house, & for divers other occasions : and 
I humbly offer it to yo' Ma''" considerac'on, whether 
it may not be fitt for you to let my Lo: Keeper, & 
some other of yo' Ma"'"' best affected servauiits of 
either House of P'liam' know, what you would have 
them to insist upon in case there should be any 
moc'on for a further adiournem', before yo' Ma"" 
returne, by reason of y* sicknes, w''' growes soe rife 
& dangerous, as will make such a moc'on willingly 
hearkened unto. My humble & earnest prayers 
shalbe still for a prosperous dispatch of yo' aflaires 
there, & for yo' !Ma''" speedy & safe returne, there 
being uoe man so much obliged to yo' Ma"" for yo' 

I would not 

hare that 




would be 


For this, I 
would haue 
you consult 
with the 
Keeper & 
others of my 
what to doe 
in it, leaving 
It to your 
to doe as you 
shall see 
cause, but I 
would hare 
the adjume- 
raent fur- 
thered by 
ante meaues. 

. As I hauR 

clenUle slan- grac'oUS faVOUT, aS 

dered lieere, 

in sumo 

respects, so 

there also 1 

heere that I 

haue not 

mist those 

good offices, 

though in an 

other kyude, 

U betn;; 

resolved, at 

my* ro tome, 

to alter the 

forme of the 



in England 

to thU hecre: 

therefor I com'and you to asseure all my seruants there that 1 am constant for the Doctrine & 

Disepline of the Churche of England as it was establisht'd by Queeiic Ells. & my Father, & 

resolues, (by the grace of God) to Hue & dey In the maintenance of it. 

Yo' sacred Ma"" 
Most humble & most obedient ser vaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Westminster, 12° 8'"'". 1641. 
Eden: 18: 
Superscribed " for yo' Sacred Ma"«." 
Written by the King ; Yours apostyled," 

Written on the back by Sir E. N.: "Sent by Mr. Mungo Murrey, 
and rec* back by '« post boy of Barbican the 2.3"* at Wesf at 
9 at nyg*"*. His Ma"« is constant in y' doctrine & discipline of y" 




Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma''*, 
I receaved yesterday yo' Ma*'*' apostile of y* 9th 
p*sent by Mr. Barkley, & have (according to yo' 
Ma"" com'and) addressed this packet to y* Duke qf 
Richmond, & shall soe contynue my addresses, untill 
I shall understand of Mr. Th'rers returne to Court. 
Yo' Ma''* com'aunds me to advise w"* some of yo' 
best servaunts here, how to p*vent the intenc'ons 
of some here to presse yo' Ma"* at y* next meet- 
ing in P'liam' for y* like Act touching y* elecc'on of 
officers & councellors here, as you have graunted 
in Scotland. I (w"* all humility) assure yo' JNIa''*, 
that I conceave it no lesse difficult for me (now in 
yo' absence when y* g,we of the Parliam' is upon all 
in generall) to discerne who are yo' Ma''*' best ser- 
vaunts here, then it is almost impossible for such yo' 
servaunts, to know what to doe or advise, to p*vent 
soe plausible a designe, w*'' in my poor opinion 
nothing can soe well divert, as yo' Ma''*' speedy 
returne : but of this intend forthw'*' to speake w"" the 

This inclosed is y* let' from y* Lo"^"^' of yo' Ma''*' 
Privy Counsell, whereof in my last by Mr. Mungo 
Murrey * I sent a coppy : their Lo^p', as soon as they 
rose from Councell, (& before y* let' was drawne) 
dispersed themselves to their severall homes in y* 
country, w*** is y* cause (as I am tould), that it was 

If your owcii 
doe not siifli- 
ciently tell 
you, lett my 
guyde you. 

It will be 
well done. 

* Murrey (Mungo) was a confidential servant and gentleman of 
the bedchamber to the King, who often entrusted him with private 
correspondence. In February, 1646, whilst the King was in the 
power of the English Commissioners at Newcastle, Murrey, having 
obtained leave of absence on pretence of visiting Scotland, was 
admitted to his Majesty's presence before witnesses for the purpose 
of kissing his hand. The Commissioners, however, observed some- 
thing put into his hand by the King ; and having followed him, 
when out of the presence, they searched him, and found a letter in 
cypher directed to Montreuil the French agent. The letter was 
immediately sent up to the Parliament, and Murrey committed to 
prison, but admitted to bail after two days' confinement. 




I bmne given 
order in nil 
this alreddy. 

I haue syned 
it, & there- 
for Bee that 
it be iniedi- 
atlie sent 
oner, for tell 
my Wyfo 
that I shtiU 
loose no 
tyme in 
sendinf; to 
Br Will: 
Boswell • as 
she desyres. 

I haitc tonld 
yon in my 

this day before it was brought signed to me for yo' 
Ma^*. The more secrecy and expedic'on there is 
used in dispatch of yo' Ma^' let' to y' Lo^^' Justices 
(if you sliall approove of their Lo'''"' advise) y" better, 
& that made me p'sume to hasten to yo' Ma*'' y" 
coppy, before y Met' itself was signed. I finde that 
y* Com'ttees of both Houses (by reason of y" con- 
tynuaunce of y* sicknes) incline to be very earnest, 
when y' Parliam* meets next, to perswade a further 
adiournem' for a tyme, but Mr. Pym, & those of his 
party, will not heare that y" P'liam* shalbe held any 
where but in Loudon or Westminster : I hope yo' 
Ma'" (if you shall stay there past y' 18th pre- 
sent) will send some direcc'ons to yo' servaunts here 
how to apply their endeavours in P'liam', in case 
there shalbe any debate touching an adiournem'. 

I have herew*'' by y' Queenes com^aund sent yo' 
Ma*'' y' draught of a warrant for yo' Ma"' hand for 
V' delivery of yo' Ma"" Collar of* Rubies to S-- W" 
Boswell fo' yo' Ma"" use : I tould S' Job Harby, 
that S' W"" was to kepe it till yo' Ma"' should send 
for it. The Queene tould me yesterday, that she 
would write to yo' Ma"' to be pleased w"' yo' owne 
hand to give S"" W*" Boswell order what to doe w"* y' 
said Collar, for it is apparent, that these mer- 
chaunts dare not have a hand in the engaging of 
it, but they say they will take order that, upon 
receipt of yo' Ma"" warraunt, it shalbe safely delivered 

If yo' Ma"' shall stay long from hence, f I humbly 
pray yo' Ma"' wilbe pleased to let me understand w** 
whome you would have me to advise concerning yo' 

* Boswell seems to have been aii old confidential servant of the 
King, who mentions him as his agent in 1634, in a letter to tlie 
Queen of Bohemia. See Bromley's Royal Letters, p. 67. He was 
also in tlie confidence of the Palatine Princes about the same time. 
Bromley, p. 79. He was at this period the British Resident at the 
Hague, but afterwards fell into disgrace, as we find by a subsequent 
letter of the Queen of Bohemia. 

+ On this day the King wrote a letter to the Lord Keeper, desiring 
him to inform the Parliament that he was unavoidably detained, but 
that he would make all diligence to return. This was read to the 
Lords on the 26 th. 




affaires here, & that yo" Ma*'" would vouchsafe to 
let them know, how farre vo' Ma*''' would have them J si»aii doc 
to confide in me m any yo"" Ma"°' services, that I 
may have y" more creddit w*^ them, when I shall have 
occasion to attend them, & be y" better able to 
annsweare yo'' Ma""' expectac^on. I liaue not bene 
att Oatlands since Mr. Berkley came, but am this 
morning going to wayte on y" Queene, to know if 
her Ma*'" hath any com^aunds for 

Yo"" sacred Ma*'"^ 
Most humble & obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Thorpe; 15 S'--", 1641. 

Eden: 20: 
" For yo' sacred Ma''«." By the King: "Yours apostyled." 
15» S*"" 1641. Apost: 20. R. 25° at 9. at night. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo"" most excellent Ma*'", 
Yo"" Ma*'"' sent by S' W" Ballatine* were deli- 
vered here y" 18*'' of this moneth by 4 in y" afternoone. 
Upon let" from y" Englishe Committees now in 
Scotl: to y" Committee here, relating y" newes of Mar: 
Hamiltons, the Ea. of Arguiles, and Ea: of Lanne- 
ricks abandoning y" Court & Parliam* there,t our 
Committee here was yesterday in a great fright, & 

* Afterwards Lord Ballenden, the first Peer of that name. In 
1640 he appears, by Bromley's Letters, pp. 115, 116, to have been 
attached as Minister at the Palatine Court. He was much in the 
confidence of all the branches of the Royal Family; and obtained 
his peerage from Charles the Second for his very useful and active 
services during the Usurpation. 

f This is the affair which, in the history of that time, went by the 
name of " The Incident." See Pym's Report of the Committees on the 
re-opening of Parliament, which may be referred to in vol. x. of the Par- 
liamentary History, p. 5. Lord Lanerick's (or Lanark's) relation of it 
may be seen in Hardwicke's State Papers, vol. ii. p. 299, wherein he 
asserts that there was a plan laid, by the opposite party, to cut the 
throats of himself and the two Lords mentioned in this letter; and 
he adds, that their "abandoning the Court and Parliament" was 
literally nothing more than quitting Edinburgh in order to save their 
lives. All that is absolutely known in the matter is, that Charles 

I was the 
lesse carfull 
to send a per- 
fect relation 
of this busi- 
ness, because 




I tent one of 
wboM di»- 
knowledg I 
was & uii so 
th«t I 
thought h'.8 
of the busi- 
ness M 
beenean cv 
witness woitld 
hsue satis- 
fied more 
than anic 
written rtla- 
tion, thou'- 
fore I desyre 
him in my 
name to 
satisfic well 
aifected per- 
sones, of the 
w'ch psHsvd 
while he was 
hecrc ; &, for 
what hath 
passed since, 
I haoe di- 
rected the 
D: of Rich: 
to gine you 
account as 
there is. 

It is now 
under exa- 
w'ch as »Mne 
as it(U) 
ended you 
shall be sure 

(declaring that they conceaved the same to be a plot 
of y* Papists there, & of some Lo*** & others here,) 
sent p'sent order to y* Lo: Mayor &c. to dubble y' 
gardes & watches of this Citty & Suburbs, & it is 
thought that this busines will this day in Parliament 
be declared to be a greater plot against the King- 
domes and Parliam" in Eng: & Scotl: then hath bene 
discovered at all. There have bene some Avell- 
aflFectcd parliam'-men here w"* me this morning to 
know whether I had any relac'on of that busines, 
but finding I had none, but only a few words from 
Mr. Sec'rie Vane, w'"'' I shewed to them, they seemed 
much troubled, as not knowing what to say to it : I 
hasten this of purpose to give yo' Ma"" notice hereof, 
& to pray yo' Ma"', that there may be sent hither w"* 
all possible dilligence a full & p'fect relac'on of y' 
present disturbance there, & the cause & grounds 
thereof, & what upon exa'iac'on it appeares to that 
parliam' to be : all w'^'', I humbly wishe may be 
certefyed hither in as authentique a way,* & from as 
vnsuspected a hand as may be. 

If Mr. Secr'ie Vane had written to me, or any of 
his friends here, a true narrac'on of that busines, it 
would have given much satifacc'on here, and stopped 
the causles alarmes that are taken vpon y" noyse of 

had siunmoned tliese three Lords to attend his Court; but that they not 
only absented themselves, but quitted the city, and placed their 
houses in a state of defence; and that on the King demanding aa 
investigation to clear his honour, a secret committee of the Scotch 
Parliament made a report in exculpation of his Majesty, but justify- 
ing the tliree Lords in the course tliey had taken. Clarendon says 
that Montrose had advised and " frankly " undertaken the assassina- 
tion of Hamilton, his brother Lanerick, and Argylc; and whatever 
reception may have been given to this proposal (which there is no 
ground for tliinking that the King for a moment sanctioned), it is 
hardly to be doubted that schemes were now on foot between Mon- 
trose and Charles, embracing a simultaneous movement in the three 
kingdoms, and sufficiently explaining the alarm and excitement of 
the Parliamentary leaders, especially on the sudden breaking out of 
the Irish rebellion. It should be added that tlie friends of Montrose 
strenuously assert, in opposition to the statement of Clarendon, that 
his secret proposal to the King was not for tlie murder, but simply 
for the arrest, of Argylc and the Ilamiltons. 

* The Pai-liament met this day; the first time after the recess* 


it, that busines being now by y* relac^on of diverse 
Scotsmen here made much worse, then I beleeve it 
Avill proove in y* end. 

The Queene tould me yesterday that she will wryte 
to yo"^ Ma"^ this night or too morrow, but I thought 
it not fitt to deferre this packet now for her Ma*"" 
let', which shalbe hastened away as soone as Ishall 
receave it. The inclosed from S' Art: Hopton,* I 
receaved from my Lo: Cottington w**" direcc'on to 
send it to yo' Ma"*. 

Yo' Ma''* will I hope pardon this hasty expression 
of the humble diligence of 

Yo' sacred Ma*''* 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

As I was closing this, I receaved for yo' Ma*'' this 
le*' from my Lo: Marshall. 

Written by the King: 

" Those of yours, w'^'' I retume not to you apostyled, I alwais 

Westminsteb, 20: 8*"', 1641. 
Eden. 24. 
" For yo' sacred Ma*'^" 
" Yours apostyled." 
20. 8*'" 1641. Apost. 24» B*--". 
R. 30 at 7 at night at Thorpe. Rec. of Captain Smith. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma*'*, 
I hope my le', w*** I hastily wrote to yo' Ma*'* yes- 
terday by packet, wilbe come to yo' Royall hands 
before this, & that wee shall speedily receaue a 
relac'on of this busines concerning the Marquis & 
y* rest, \V^ all yo' servaunts here call for very 

• He was uncle to Sir Ralph Hopton, the famous Royalist General; 
and, when the latter was created Lord Hopton, Sir Arthur was named 
heir in remainder, in default of issue male; but, dying before his 
nephew, he never enjoyed those honours. He was of a Somersetshire 
family, tiie Hoptons of Wytham. 





ranch w<iu- 
der, for on 
my credit I 
nobodie with 
th« contfuU 
thereof, & 
am Terie 
th«t none 
heere knew 
whether I 
writt to hiiu 
or not ; 
therefor I 
thinke it fitt 
th«t you 
should try aa 
be how this 
is come, & 
whether it 
be an intelli- 
gence orcon- 

Before tbiii, 
that is 

I remember 
that I bad 
some dis- 
course w'th 
the Eng: 
Pan men 
about Proro- 
gation, but 
I'm confident 
that it was 
efter my 
Lett: was 
written, if it 
were serius, 
all others 
wer in con- 
sequence of 
the Plague 
at randome. 

Yo' Ma**" le' to ray Lo: Keeper was carefully deli- 
vered to his owne hands yesterday before y* sitting 
of y' Parliam', but his Lo'"'" tells me, that y' effect 
of it was knowne here some dayes before he re- 
ceaved it : w'*' is an infinite p'iudice to yo' Ma*^ 
affaires here ; such anticipation of yo' Ma*'" direcc- 
*on8 ill businesses of importaunce renders y* same 
impossible, or extreame difl&cult, to be effected : 
And I observe that y* perfect intelligence, that is 
here of all yo' Ma"" resoluc'ons & proceedings there, 
puts lief and spiritt into some here, who w%ut 
that encouragem' & light, would (I beleeve) pay more 
reverence to yo' Ma'*" councells and acc'ons. 

When yo' Ma"' hath made stay y' disbanding of 
5 companies remayning in Barwick,* it is here 
thought fit not to make any order to y' contrary, 
but it is declared (as I heare) that from y' 15th of 
this moneth (w"'* was y* tyme appoynted by y' Houses 
for disbanding all that garrison) those companies 
shall have no further pay from y' Comonwealth as 
it is called, and concerning this, there is to be 
speedily a conference w"* y' Lo**^', w^ y" issue where- 
of I shall acquaint yo' Ma'** by my next. 

Sir Jo. Berkley was yesterday committed to y* 
Tower, & Capt. O'Neale to y* Gatehouse by y' House 
of Commons vpon y* old business.f Yo*" Ma'" will 
herew"" receave a coppy of y' let' sent hither by y' 
Com'ittees in Scotland, and of y' order made there- 
upon y* day before y* P'liam' by y' Com'ittees here. 
I have p'sented yo' Ma"" let' to y' B^p of Loudon, 
who hath promised to use all possible expedic'on in 
p'formaunce of yo' Ma"*" comaunds therein. 

The Lo*"** Commissioners have given order for p"- 
paring a Proclamac'on for p'^sent dispersing & sending 
away of y' disbanded souldiers,J as yo' Ma"* directed 

♦ The jealousy of the Parliament about Berwick was so very 
great, that when the Scottish army, upon their return in August, 
wished to march Uirough that garrison, a wooden bridge was actually 
ordered to be built over the Tweed, at some distance from the town. 

t It was also ordered, the Lords should be desired to examine 
those gentlemen respecting the charges brought against them. 

^ May, in his History of the Parliament, says that both the 




by yo' apostile of the 13*'' of this moneth. My Lo: 
Keeper delivered me this morning to be sent to yo' 
Ma*** this paper, w"^ was p*sented to his Lo^ in y* 
nature of a protestac'on by y* persons therein vnder- 
named : his Lop^ tells me he hath formerly acquainted 
yo' Ma"* -w'^ that busines. My Lo: of Bristoll* tould 
me this day, that he heares from severall hands, that 
there is an intenc^on to question his Lo^, & his 
Sonne y' Lo: Digby, but he knowes not for what, & 
he tells me that nothing shall deterre him from 
p'formaunce of his duty. This day there was twice 
read in y* Commons House a Bill for taking away the 
Votes of Bpp' in y* Vpper House, and that Bill is 
comitted, and it is said it will passe both Houses 
w*in two days. The disobedience against y* order 
of y* House of Commons concerning innovac'ons, was 
this day questioned in that House, & after a long 
debate, there was no way found or resolved on, to 
punishe those that disobeyed y* same, for that that 
order was conceaved by most in y' House not to be 
iustifyable by lawe, & therefore not binding.f 

I have herew'*' sent yo"^ Ma"* some notes of y* eiFect 
of y* conference this day betweene y* 2 Houses. I 
beseech God amongst those great distracc^ons to 
p*serve yo' Ma"" in safety : & I beseech yo' Ma"* to 
give me leave once more to put you in minde to 
hasten hither a true relac^on of y* vnhappy inter- 
rupc'on of yo' affaires there, for I find, that yo' 
servaunts here are much disheartened that they are 

For diver- 
tion of this 
& other 
I would ye 
should put 
Bristo in 
mynde to 
renew that 
betwixt the 
two Houses, 
the Parla- 
ment Protes- 
tation w'ch 
ton was so 
fearse upon. 

In this, I 
hope, this 
dispache will 
satisfie your 
longins, but 
I belive, not 
some of j-our 

armies, English and Scotch, "quietly departed, conducted to theix* owne 
homes by order from Justices of Peace through the several counties." 

• The Earl of Bristol had mingled much in party politics previous 
to this date. He had been Ambassador to Spain in proposing 
Charles's marriage with tlie Infanta, and was afterwards impeached 
in Parliament respecting the treaty and its failure; but he had such 
influence with the House of Commons as to bring about a counter 
impeachment against the Duke of Buckingham. This may account 
for his hostility to Charles's friend, Lord Strafford, though the 
increasing probabilities of civil war now induced him to support the 
Royal Cause. 

+ None of these circumstances are stated in the Parliamentary 
History ; yet they are important additions to the record of those 


kept soe long in darknes in a busines soe highly im- 
porting yo' hon', & yo' Ma"" owne person. I expected 
a let' from y" Queene for yo"^ Ma'*' this day, but I 
beleeve her Ma"' pu'poses to send her let" by an 
expresse; for that there are none come from her 
Ma''* as yet to be conveyed by 
Yo' sacred Ma"'" 

Most humble & most 

obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Westminster, 21" S*"*, 1641. 

Eden: 28: 
" For yo' sacred Ma"«." 

" Yours apostyled," 
Apost: 28 8*'^'*. — R. 1° No''": at 5 at night, by Mr. Wm. Murray, 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma"*, 
I receaved Satterday night last yo' Ma*'" of y' 
IS"" p'sent, & have safely delivered yo' Ma"" to y' 
Queene & my Lo: Keeper : the messenger that was 
sent w"* yo' Ma"" said Tter, (bruysing himself "w"* a 
fall from his horse soe as he was not able to ride) 
sent yo' Ma"" to me single by y" ordinary post, w*'' 
made me suspect that it had bene intercepted, but 
it came very safe. I have alreddy made known to 
diverse Lo"' & others yo' Ma"" pious resoluc'on to 
mainteyne constantly y" doctryne & disciplyne of 
y* Church of England, & have by their advise 
delivered extracts (of what yo' Ma"'' hath written) to 
diverse of yo' Ma"" servaunts, that yo' piety therein 
may be vnderstood by yo' good people here. 

The Queene sent S' W" Ballatine from hence on 
Friday last, & he going im'ediatly from Oatlands 
w^ut calling here, I lost y" opportunity of sending 
by him, but I p'pared my Pter of y' 23"' reddy 
for him, w*'' I have now sent by this gent. Mr. Tlio. 

Wee here begin to app'hend that in y* great 
troubles there, some of yo' Ma"" packets may mis- 
carry, & therefore I held it my duty to let yo' Ma"* 




vnderstand, that since myne of y" 12"* {w"^ yo' Ma"* 
hath return'd) I have sent to yo"" Ma''"^ let" of y' 15*'' 
& 18"*, both w'^'' were addressed in packets to y* D. 
of Richmond, & after\yards 2 other packets of y'' EO"* 
& 2^" directed to Mr. Th'rer. 

As concerning y* adiournem' of y* P'liam' here, 
my Lo: Keeper tells me, that he hath, by his I'ter 
sent in myne of y* 21"" fully acquainted yo'Ma''* how 
y' expectac'on was here frustrated. The Vpper House 
did Satterday last reade y* Bill transmitted to them 
by y* Coraons, for taking away y* votes of Bp% & 
intend (as I heare) to speede it as fast as may be, 
notw^^'standing it is said to be against y* auntient 
order of P'liam* to bring in a Bill againe the same 
Sessions, that it was reiected.* Yo' Ma*'" best ser- 
vaunts here remayne still in great payne, that in all 
this tyme they have not receaved any p^fect relac'on 
of y' late disorders at Edinb: concerning Mar: 
Hamilton & y* rest, & they are the more impatient, 
in regarde they heare that some of y* Commons house 
have coppyes of y' examinac'ons taken in that 
busines, 85 other aduertisem*' touching y* same. I 
beseech God to send yo"" Ma"* forth of that laberinth 
of troubles there, & a safe & ho"* returne for Engl: 
yf'^ willbe most welcome to all honnest men here, 
and to none more then to 

Yo' sacred Ma"*' 
Most humble and most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Westminster, 25° 8*"» 1641. 
Eden. 30. 
Written by the King: 
" I hope tliis ill newes of Irelandf may hinder some of theas follies 

in England." 
" For yo' sacred Ma"^." 
"Yours apostyled." 
25° S*-^ 1641. Apost. 30 8*™. 
Rec. 4" No''"* in y" morning. 

I haue re- 
ceaued thorn 

& thcasc 

It is trew. 

Bid my ser- 
uauts make 
as much vse 
of this objec- 
tion as maj 

• The Lords, however, did not" proceed so far, until, on the 22nd 

of October, the House of Commons sent up Mr. Holies " to put them 

in mind of their complaint exhibited against the thirteen Bishops who 

made the last new Canons, and to pray a speedy proceeding therein." 

f This is an allusion to the rebellion which broke out on the 25th 





H«n. Vtnc 
wilt rvUime 
all those 
syned bv 
mee w'th 
this Packc 
to my L; 
of Lom 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo" most excellent Mii''% 
I sent to yo' IVIa"' y' 25th of this p'sent 2. let" by 
Mr. Elliot,* & y* same night I receaved yo' Ma**" 
apostile of y* 20% and p'sently sent away yo' Ma**" 
to y* Queene, & delivered that to my Lo: Keeper. I 
shall forthw'*' deliver yo' Ma"" warr* to S' Job Harby, 
& hasten y* dispatch of that busines. 

I have herein sent yo' Ma'" a coppy of an order 
made by the Peers concerning y* jurisdic'con of y* 
Archb''. of Cant. In this packet there is sent to yo' 
Ma"' by my Lo**. Of London severall Bills for yo' 
Ma*'" signature for y' new B*", w"" a 1" from his Lop 
touching that busines. 

There is still kept here a strict garde & watch 
about y* Parliam* houses of 100. of y* trayned bands, 
besides diverse other watchmen : y* p*tence is an 
app'hension of some conspiracy of y' Papists against 
y* P'liam* here, answerable to that against some 
Lo** in Scotl: & y" alarme of popishe plots amuse and 
fright y' people here, more then any thing, & there- 
fore that is y* drum that is soe frequently beaten 
uppon all occasions ; & y' noyse of an intenc'on to 

of October. ThegKing's memorandum, or apostyle, is dated the 30th. 
The return of the letter to Sir Edward, on the 4th of November, is a 
further proof of the rapidity with which, upon occasion, news might 
travel at tliat period. As for Ireland generally, and the King's notion 
of the value of a parliamentary mode of government there, it may 
be worth quoting an anecdote preserved in an old tract in the BritiBli 
Museum; where, in conversation with the Earl of Pembroke, in 
March 1641, his Majesty is reported to have said, "The businesse of 
Ireland will never be done in the way that you are in; four hundred 
will never do that work; it must be put in th« hands of one. If I 
were trusted with it, I would pawn my head to end that work. And 
though I am a beggar myself, yet (speaking with a strong assevera- 
tion) I can find moneye for that." 

* This is the same person to whom, in 1642, the Lord Keeper 
Lyttelton delivered the Great Seal, when the King sent him for it. 
Lyttelton, terrified at what he had done, fled immediately afterwards 
to join the King at York. May states him to have been " a young 
gentleman, and Groom of the Privy Chamber to his Majesty." 




introduce Popery was that w"^ first brought into 
dislike w*"* the people y* governement both of y* 
Church and Comonwealth. I have not bene sparing 
to make knowne yo' Ma*'*' pious resoluc'on to main- 
teyne y" doctrine & disciplyne of the Church of Engl: 
w'''' I perceave gives very good satisfac'on. 

My Lo: Keeper having occasion to wayte on y^ 
Queene this day, did yesterday move y* House for 
leave, & tould their Lo^* that my Lo: Bankes had a 
co^misson dormant to be Speaker in his absence, but 
y* Lo^' said they would chuse their owne Speaker, & 
soe named y* Lo. P. Scale,* whereupon my Lo. Keeper 
said he would (to avoide all question) rather stay, but 
y" Lo*' pressed him not to forbeare his iourney, least 
y'' Queene might take it ill, & soe his Lo^ goes this 
day to Oatlands, & y* Lo. P. Seale is to be Speaker 
in his absence. 

Judge Berkley t was yesterday att y* bar in y* 
Vpper House, & there heard his charge read, to w"** 
he pleaded not guilty, & made a prudent answeare; 
whereupon tyme is given him till Tuesday next to 
produce witnesses concerning soe much of his charge 
as relates to misdemeanors. The House of Commons 
did yesterday by vote declare, that y*" 13 Bishops, | 
(who are questioned for making y" new cannons,) 
ought not to haue vote in y" Lo*^* House in any 
busines : & they are this day to have a conference 
w*'' y* Lo*^ thereupon, & also touching y* excluding 
of all y' Bp' from voting in y* Bill (w*"** is passed y* 
Commons House) to take away totally ye B"" votes. § 

I comaiid 
with the 
Keeper & 
my L: 
Bankes tn 
see if it can 
bee waranted 
by anie reule 
or president 
that the 
Vpper House 
may chuse 

You shall 
doe well to 
put the B. of 
Lincolne in 
mynde con- 
cerning the 
pardon I 
thought fitt 
those 13 Bps. 
should haue 
for a pre- 
munire, that 
you may 
glue order to 

* Henry Earl of Manchester. 

•f" He was Justice of the King's Bench ; was committed to the 
Tower by the Lords on a charge of high treason, and afterwards fined 
in the sum of 20,000Z , besides being declared incapable of all further 
administration of justice. 

:J: These were Walter Carle, Bishop of Winchester ; Robert 
Wright, j3. Coventry and Lichfield ; Godfrey Goodman, B. Gloucester; 
Joseph Hall, B. Exeter ; John Owen, B. St. Asaph ; William Piei-s, 
B. Bath and Wells ; George Cook, B. Hereford ; Matthew Wren, 
B. Ely ; William Roberts, B. Bangor ; Robert Skinner, B. Bristol ; 
John Warner, B. Rochester ; John Towers, B. Peterborough ; 
Morgan Owen, B. Landaff. 

§ The Bill went fui-ther than Sir Edward reports, for it included 


^i^^V '^"' All yo' Ma*^ best servaimts here pray for yo' Ma''" 
T?!*.'/:''^ speedy & happy dispatch of affaires there, conceavinff 
ufltt yo' p'sence would be of very much advantage to yo' 

services here, & tliis is also y* earnest prayer of 
Yo' sacred Ma"" 
Alost humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Wkstminster, 27<» 8*"', 1641. 
Eden : 2 : No : 
By tlie King : 

" I co'mande you to direct my L: Keeper in my name to issew 
out a Proclamac'on co'manding all Parlament Men to attend ou the 

" Thauke Southampton in my name, for stopping tlie Bill against 
the Bishops : &, that at my co'ming, I will doe it myselfe." 

« For yo' sacred Ma"'." 

" Yours apostyled." 
• 27 8*^Apo8L 2». 9*^.— R. 6<» O*"-" 1641 at 6. at night, by Mr. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma"*, 
My last to yo' ^la''* was of y* 27"" p'sent, w* I sent 
by packet addressed to Mr. Th'rer. Yo' Ma*'" long 
absence encourages some to talke in Parliam' of highe 
matters. It was yesterday in debate in y" Com'ons 
House, that y* Parliam' may have the approbac'on of 
all officers, councellors, amb'dors, and ministers, and 
jo' Ma"* y' nominac'on." The reasons alleaged for 

** Bishops and other peraons in holy orders." It was to sliut them 
not only out of Parliament, but also from the Privy Council, the 
•Commission of the Peace, or the execution of " any temporal authority, 
by virtue of any commission." A pamphlet strongly marking the 
direction of the public feeling was at this time industriously and 
widely circulated, under the title of, " Lord Bishops none of the 
Lord's Bishops." 

* A highly figurative and elaborate speech was made on this 
vccasion by " Master Smith, of the Inner Temple," which he has done 
posterity the favour to publish. In one part he observes : " Prero- 
gative and Liberty are both necessary to this kingdom; and, like the 
sun and moon, give a lustre to this benighted nation, so long as they 
walk at equal distances ; but when one of them shall venture into 
the other's orb, like those planets in conjunction, they then cause a 


it were, first that it had bene soe heretofore, & soe is 
conceaved to be an auntient right : 2''^ that y* ill 
eflFects that have bene by y^ councells & acc'ons of 
olde officers, councellors, &c. & y^ feares that there 
may be y' like by the new ; will make all that hath 
bene hitherto donne nothing, if this may not be 
graunted to secure them, whereby the kingdome may 
be as well p*served as purged. 3^^ that yo' Ma*'* did 
heare partic'lar & privat mens advise in y' choyce of 
yo' offi", councellors, &c. & therefore it can be noe 
derogac'on for yo"^ Ma"' to take therein y* advise of 
y' P^liament. Some said that untill such things as 
these shalbe granted they cannot w"' a good con- 
scyence supply yo' Ma*"^ necessities : after a long 
debate this busines was at length referred to a Select 
Committee to p'pare forthw*"" heads for a pet"" to be 
p'sented to yo' Ma*'* to receave the P'liam*" appro- 
bac'on of such officers, councellors, &c. as yo' Ma*" 
shall choose, for better p'venc'on of y* great & many 
mischeifs that may befall y* Coraonwealth by y' 
choyce of ill councellors, officers, amb'dors & minis- 
ters of state, w**" pet°" is to be ripened w"* all speede 
& to be p'sented to y* House: there appeared soe 
many in y* Commons House against this busines, 
that some conceave that there wilbe noe further 
proceeding in it, but I doubt it : howsoever I may 
not forbeare k) let yo'Ma*'* know, that the Lo: fi'alk- 
land, S' Jo. Strangwishe,* Mr. Waller, Mr. Ed. 
Hide, & Mr. Holbome, & diverse others stood as 
Champions in maynten'nce of yo' Prerogative, and 
shewed for it unaunswerable reason & undenyable ^o^™*J^5t 
p'sedents, whereof yo"^ Ma*'* shall doe well to take in my name, 
some notice (as yo'' Ma*'* shall thinke best) for their thau^wui^™ 
encouragm't. _ f-J^-^y; 

The Com'ons House having gotten notice of y* ret«™e. 

deeper eclipse." He then concludes a string of uncouth metaphors 
by assuring the House that it was necessary " so to provide that 
the Maecenas's of the times may not, like great jacks in a pool, 
devour their inferiors, and make poverty a pavement for tliemselves 
to trample on." 4 

* Sir John Strangeways, knt. of Melbnrj' Sampford, Dorset- 




On the eon- 
trmire 1 oom- 
mmnd you to 
take order 
that these 
Bille:! bee 
that they 
may vith all 
possible dili- 
g«noe attend 
the Parle- 

new B''** that are now making, some did mervale 
that any man should move yo' Ma'" for making of 
B*** in these tymes, when it is well knowne how great 
complaints are against them in general!, & some 
would have had a pet"" or message to be sent to pray 
yo' Ma''* to be pleased to stay y* constituting of any 
more B*" till y' busines concerning Episcopacy shalbe 
deterrayned : but this moc'on was not resented in 
y* House, & soe y' discourse thereof fell.f 

There was yesterday a great debate in y' Upper 
Hou>»e about y'^ Bill for taking away y* B'* votes, & 
it was very doubtfull, after a long dispute, w*"" side 
was likeliest to carry itt, but att length both sides 
agreed to put off y* further debate thereof till y* lO"* 
of Nov' next, before w*'' tyme it wilbe tryed, of what 
vallidity y' impeachra' against y" 13 B"" will proove 
to be. 

The considerac'on of these partic'lar passages may 
be sufficyent to move yo' Ma*'* to hasten yo' returne, 
& I shall take y* boldnes to ad to it one more, w"** I 
observed at y* Councell Borde, when Marq: Hert- 
ford J moved y* Lo'*''* (upon occasion of these words 
in Mr. Th'rers let" to me, viz. that he did hope y' 
P'liamt of Engl, would interpose & hasten yo' Ma*'" 
returne) to consider whether it might not be fit to 

* The superstitions feeling which entered largely into all the judg- 
ments of political events at this period is curiously exemplified by a 
contemporary writer, speaking of the occurrences immediately after 
Charles's return : " It happened one day, as some of tlie ruder sort 
of citizens came by Whitehall, one busie citizen must needs cry, 
' No Bishops !' Some of the gentlemen issued out of Whitehall, either 
to correct tiie sauciness of the fool in words, if tliey would serve, 
•Ise, it seemes, with biowes ; what passed on either side in words none 
but themselves knew ; the citizen, being more tongue than souldier, 
was wounded, and I have heard dyed of his wounds receaved at 
that tynie ; it hath been affirmed by very many, that in or near 
unto that place where this fellow was hurt and wounded, the 
l»te King's head was cut off, the Scaffold standing just over tliat 

+ The Parliamentary History asserts that the motion for a con- 
ference with the Lords, for the purpose of drawing up a petition on 
this subject, was carried, on% division, by 71 to 53. 

X Hertford, at this period, was Governor to the Prince of Wales. 
This branch of the Seymours became extinct in 1675. 


move y* P'liara' here to that purpose ; most of y* rest 
of y^ Lo*^^ of y^ Councele declyned it, in regarde y' 
le"^ was not written to y' Boorde but to me, & that 
Mr. Th'rer left it to ray choyce whether to acquaint 
them w*** it or noe ; whereby I observe that every 
one of yo' Ma''" Pr. Councele is not fond of yo"" 
speedy returne hither. Yo' Ma''' can best make 
iudgm' by there carriages how much it imports you 
to hasten hither. 

I have delivered yo' Ma"" warraunt concerning 
yo' Collar of Rubies, and am promised that this weeke 
order shalbe sent into y* Low Countries for delivery 
of y^ same accordingly w"* all dilligence possible. The 
Queene toulde me on Wensday last, that she would 
send an expresse to yo' Ma*'* w'Hn a few dayes, w** I 
beleeve she hath donne by this tyme. This from my 
Lo. Keeper was delivered to me for yo' Ma''' this 

I assure yo' Ma"' I have bene warn'd by some of 
my best friends to be wary what I wryte to yo' Ma''% 
for that there are many eyes upon me both here & 
in Scotl. & that I'trs that come to yo' Royall hands 
doe after oft miscarry & come to others view : albeit it u a Ley. 
this shall not deterre me from p'formaunce of my 
duty in advertising yo' Ma"' of all things that shall 
occiirre to my knowledge of certeynty, importing yo' 
Ma"" service, yet I humbly beseech yo' Ma"* to 
vouchsafe to keepe to yo'self what I take y' freedome i s^**"- 
to imparte, least, in these tymes, that may be rendred 
to be treason in me, w"'*' I humbly conceave to be y' Jj,^*^***®^ 

duty of, Wednesday 

Yo' sacred Ma"" yTdeiiver*" 

Most humble and most obedient servaunt, Smy°wyfe^ 

EdW. Nicholas. desyreher 

ITT n„ ..I- '.^,'. not to open 

Westminster, 2fl» 8'""* 1641. it but when 

Eden. 6 Nov. she is alone. 
Apost. 6° 9'"*.— Re'' 11° 9»™ by Mr, Tho. Killegrew.* 

* This is the gentleman of facetious memory, generally known only 
as the Court buffoon of the succeeding reign, but who had other claims, 
not generally understood, upon the Royal notice. At this period he 
was, or had been, page to Charles the First ; and was afterwards an 


Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excell' Ma***, 
The 29*^ of y" last moneth I sent yo' Ma*'" a It' 
in a packet adressed to Mr. Th'rer, & on Satterday 
last about 7 at night I receaued by Capt. Smitli * yo' 
Ma''" co'maunds apostiled 24° S'"''*, & according to 
yo' Ma**" co'maunds I gave him yo' Ma*'" It' to p'sent 
it to y* Queene. The relac'ons w'*' are here made 
by any that come from thence, are (for y* most p**) 
varied & reported afterward by others according to 
y* sence and affec'on of each several audito", & soe 
become very uncertaine, & some are apt to credit 
& report y* worst of businesses, & to silence what 
they like not, wherefore I humbly conceave, that a 
relac'ou written by a good & unsuspected hand, 
■would not only gayne best beliefe, but be lesse sub- 
iect to mistakes & misreports : & I hope when y* 
examinac'ons of y' late disturbances there shalbe 
published, y* same will cleere all doubts, & giue 
honnest men full satisfac'on. I have shewen y* 
Queene & some Lo*^ the coppy of Marq: Hamil- 
tons 2. & 3* It" to yo' Ma"*, whereby he begs yo*" 
Ma*'** pardon, w*'' argues he is not soe faultlesse, & 
innocent, as we would here render him. I humbly 

attendant upon Charles the Second during his exile. Some allusions 
ai-e made to him in subsequent letters ; particularly where the Queen 
of Bohemia solicits a commission for him. His family was also, in 
some degree, connected with the Royal family, by the marriage of 
Mary, daughter of Sir William Killegrew, with Frederic of Zulestein, 
an illegitimate son of Henry Prince of Orange. 

* This Captain Smith displayed great courage, as well as loj'alty, 
in the King's service. In the battle of Edgchill, on the 22ud of 
October, 1642, when Sir Edward Vemey, the Royal Standard 
Bearer, was killed, and the standard taken, Smith rushed amidst 
the enemy and retook it, for which he was instantly made a knight 
banneret, and received soon after a large gold medal, " with the 
King's picture on the one side, and the banner on the other, which 
he always wore to his dying day, in a large green watered ribband, 
cross his shoulders." He fell, two years afterwards, at Cheriton 
fight, sometimes called the battle of Alresford. 


thanke yo" Ma*'* that you have bene soe carefull of yo' 
faithful! servaunt, as to burne all such of my 1", as 
you returne not to me apostiled, yv'^ soe much con- 
cernes my safety, as I assure your Ma"*, I have bene 
warned by some of my best freinds both there and 
here, to be wary in my advertisem", least being too 
good a servaunt (these are their very words) doe me 

I have, inclosed, sent yo' Ma*** y' coppy of an 
order* of y* Parliam* concerning their abundant care 
of y* Princes highnes safety and education, the 
reasons thereof were delivered at Oatlands by my 
Lo. of Hollandf to y* Queene, who (I heare) gave 

* A conference took place on this subject between the two Houses, 
wherein it was urged that the Prince had recently been often at the 
Queen's residence at Oatlands ; and though the Commons did not 
doubt the motherly affection and care of her Majesty towards him, 
yet there were some dangerous persons at Oatlands, Jesuits and 
others, and therefore it was desired that the Marquis of Hertford 
should be enjoined to take the Prince into his custody and charge, 
attending upon him in person, and also that the Prince would make 
his ordinary abode and residence at his own house at Richmond. To 
this it was added, that Lord Hertford should place some person about 
the Prince to be answerable to both Houses ; so that, in fact, the 
Prince would have been a complete prisoner. When the message 
was sent to the Queen, she made answer that the Prince was cele- 
brating his Sister's birthday. 

t Henry Rich, first Earl of Holland (and second son of the Earl 
of Warwick), so created by James the First, in 1624. He is recorded 
in the Loyal Martyrologie by Winstanley, as a special favourite of 
Charles in the early part of his reign, being then Governor gf Windsor 
Castle : yet, after that date, says Winstanley, " when the Long Par- 
liament began to sit, and religion became the bone of contention, he 
sided with them ; but afterwards perceiving that they made religion 
only a cloak to cover their rebellion, he deserted them, and took up 
armes for the Royal interest." Being defeated and taken prisoner, 
he suffered on the same scaffold with the Duke of Hamilton and 
Lord Capel, on the 9th of Mai'ch, 1648. In the charge of his siding 
with the Parliament, Winstanley goes further than Dugdale, and 
those writers who copy from him ; the latter asserting only that the 
favours heaped on Holland by Charles made that Earl so fearful 
of the Parliament's enmity as to induce him not only to stand 
neutral himself, but also to persuade the Earl of Essex, his near 
kinsman, and Lord Chamberlain, to desert his Royal Master when 
forced to fly from Whitehall. De Larrey, a French historian, says 
of him that he possessed greater genius than his brother, Lord 




Doe you it in 

I bare iiyiied 
it, but I will 
not baue you 
to make use 
of it but as 
my Wyfe 
cbaU direct 

a very wise and discreete answeare to y* same, as 
(I beleeve) her owne pen will very speedily acquaint 
yo' Ma'". 

It is said there is a new designe discovered of 
a later intenc*on then Mr. Percyes to have debauched 
y* late Army, but what it is I cannot learne. My 
Lo. Keeper sent to me this day to acquaint yo' Ma**, 
that y' p'sent new Lo. Mayor lately sworne (named 
Rich. Gurney), being not in y* commission of Lieu- 
tenn'cy for London & liberties, it wilbe necessary 
that y* comiss'on be renewed & his Lo* put into it, 
w''* may soone be donne, if yo' Ma'** please to signify 
yo' pleasure to my Lo. Keeper to that i)urpose. The 
B"* of Chichester humbly desires yo' Ma''" licence to 
be absent from P'liam*, for w'*' pu'pose I have (at his 
Lo"" request) herein sent a warr' for yo' Ma*"* signa- 
ture, if you shall think fitt to signe it. It was 
ordered on Friday last by y^ Commons that there 
should be heads p'pared for a conference concerning 
a pet"" to be sent to yo' Ma*'* to stay y' making of y' 
new B^"", but this hath not hitherto beene proceeded 
in any further, and some thinke it wilbe let fall. 

There is newes come to my Lo. Lieutenn*t of 
Ireland of a rebellion in y* north of that kingdome, 
raysed (as it is said) by Papistes, whereof one 
Macguire * is one of y* chiefest ; I have not scene 
y* le*" concerning it, but y' Lo** of yo' Ma**" Privy 
Councell sate yesterday (when I was at Oatlands) in 
close Councell about it, & this day they were w**" y" 
House of Com'ons to advise concerning it as I heare : 
I beleeve yo' Ma''* hath before this receaved adver- 
tisem' of y* certeynty of this busines out of Ireland, 
& I doubt not but y* Lo*** of yo' Privy Councell 
here, or my Lo. Lieutenant, will forthw"* give yo' 
Ma*" an account, what they have advised upon 

Warwick, who was " a person of an agreeable wit, perhaps a Utde 
too much libertine, but knew very well how to dissemble, and im- 
posed on the people by an affected devotion, and going regularly to 

* He was brother to the Lord Macgnire, who was afterwards tried 
by order of the Parliament, and hanged, drawn, and quartered, 
notwithstanding he pleaded bis Irish Peerage. 




herein : if their Lo^p* doe it not speedily, I shall 
write further of it, as soone as I may see y* 1'*' or 
know some certeynty of it, being unwilling to trouble 
yo' Ma*'^ in an affayre of that nature, but upon good 
grounds, & knowledge of p^tic'lars. 

If yo' Ma*** could settle yo' aflFaires well there, soe 
as yo" might be here y' next weeke, yo' best servaunts 
here coneeave it would then be in yo*^ Ma*"* power, 
by yo' presence, to bring this P'liara* to a reasonable 
good conclusion, w'^'' that it may be soe, is & shalbe 
ever y' earnest prayer of, 

y saced Ma""' 
Most humble and most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Westminster, Munday 1° JVb*"» 1641. 

Eden: Satterday: 6. 
•* For yo"" Sacred Ma*'*'." 

" Yours apostyled." 
Apost: 6: 9*"'.— ReC' 11" fl*'"^*. by Mr. Tho: Kilfegrew, 

I hope this 
next weeke 
will put an 
end to this 
so that ye 
may expect 
me by the 
20 : of this 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excell"' Ma*'*, 
Since my It' sent yesterday by Mr. Barclay, I have 
receaved by Mr. W" Murray yo' Ma'* com'aunds by 
apostile of y* 28th of Octob' & have delivered yo' 
Ma*'" to my Lo. Keeper, together w*** a packet from 
Mr. Th^rer, conteyning y' exa'iac'ons of y* busines 
touching Marq. Hamilton, &c. All w"*" were this 
morning read at y* Councell Boorde, whereupon 
their Lo^' resolved for y* p^sent to make knowne in 
the generall, that they had receaved a faire dispatch 
concerning thai busines, & that it was like to have a 
speedy, & qnyet conclusion ; & their Lo^', being then 
to goe to y^ Parliam' House about y" Irishe busines, 
sealed upp y* examinac'ons, & appointed too morrow 
in the afternoone to consider further of y* same, & 
to advise in what manner to acquint y* Parliam* 
therew**". I heare that my Lo. Lieutenant of Ireland 
hath by a dispatch this morning sent yo' Ma*" an 
accompt of ail y*" particulars touching y" Rebellion 


in that kingdome,* v/'^ y' Parliam' here takes to 
hart, & there is a Com'ittee of 1 2 Lo*' together w"" 
some of y* House of Commons appointed this evening 
to goe into London to treate vi^ y' Lo. Mayor, 
Aldermen & Cora'on Councell to borrow 50" '• to be 
forthw**" sent to Irland, to pay & encourage y* old 
Array & alsoe such new souldiers as are there lately 
taken up to make head to y" Rebells, for w'^'' somes 
y* Citty is to be secured by Act of Parliam', both for 
principall & interest. 

It is said that one Owen Conellesf (a servaunt of 
S' Jo. Clotworthies) for making y* first discovery of 
y' Rebellion, & for some services donne against it, 
shalbe rewarded by y' P'liam' w"* y* gift of 500" 
presently, & be recommended to yo'Ma*" for a penc'on 
of 200'. There is a Committee of y* Peers appointed 
to peruse all 1*" that are come out of Irland, to con- 
sider of y" p*sent state of Irland, & to further ex- 
amyne Owen Conelles touching that Rebellion upon 
interrogatories to be exhibited by y* Comons, who 
are to be p'sent at y* examinac'on, & y' same 
Comittee is further to consider of y* Recusants in 
Engl: that are of estate & quallity & not convicted : 
the Lo. Lieut* of Irland is desired by y* Parliam' (as 
I heare) to get together some Cap*' and OS*" here 
of Englishe to send over forthw*'' into Irland, & his 
Lo"* himself is pressed to hasten over w*** all possible 
dilligence. This day father Phelipps (one of y* 

• In vol. ri. of Somer^ Tracts, p. 378, is the Report of tlie Lord 
Keeper to the House of Commons on the let of November, 1641 ; 
drawn up from the dispatches of the Lords Justices to the Lord 
Deputy, who was then in England. 

f Conally's (Conelles) discovery arose from some accidental con- 
versation, in a tavern, with Hugh Macmahon, grandson to the 
" Great Earl of Tyrone," on the night before the intended seizure 
of Dublin Castle by the conspirators, and which was to have been 
followed by a general attempt upon all the fortresses in Ireland. 
Burton says that both the gift and the annuity were voted to him by 
the Parliament, on the recommendation of the Lords Justices. He 
was also recommended to preferment. His master, Clotworthy, in 
1640, was the seconder of Pym's first motion against the Earl of 
Strafford ; he was also one of the great supporters of the self-denying 


Queenes priestes) was comMtted by y* Lo*^ of Par- 
liam' for refusing to be sworne vpon y' Bible, saying 
it was a false translac'on.* There is to be too mor- 
row a conference between y* 2 Houses, vpon severall 
heads; 1. touching y* dissolving of y* Covent of 
Capuchins; 2. about y* list of y^ Queenes priests; 
3'''. about a list of y' Princes servaunts, to y^ end 
that such as are suspected in religion or otherwise 
may be removed; 4^^ about y^ governm' of y* Isle 
of Weight, that y* same may be sequestred.f If y* 
Houses of Parliament were full it is conceaved it 
would be much for y* advantage of yo' Ma''^, & y' 
good of the kingdome, & therefore I humbly offer it 
to yo' Ma''" considerac'on, whether it may not be fitt i beiiue 
for yo' Ma"* to write to my Lo: Keeper to cause a done^MsTn 
proclaraac^on to be forthw"* issued to require all y* a former ^- 

1 <»iixT •1/11 pacn, but in 

members of both Houses respectively (all excuses set aii euents i 
apart) to attend y" Parliam' in person to consider of to^uewte 
such affaires as concerne y* peace & good of this ^^n^^^ 
kingdome & other yo' Ma"" dominions. nwne. 

Wee hope now shortly to heare of yo' Ma"" speedy 
& certeyne returne from Scotland, & that it may be 
w"* hon' & safety shalbe y* dayly prayers of, 
Yo' sacred Ma"" 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

The Commons are p*paring a declarac'on of y" state 

* On the preceding day several resolutions had passed the Commons 
respecting the Capuchin House in the Strand. Orders were also given 
that the Foreign Ambassadors should be sent to, to deliver up such 
priests as were the King's subjects, then in their houses. Phillips ^ 
was brought before the House as an evidence upon the business 
of Benson, the member for Knaresborough, charged with selling pro- 
tections: first refusing the oath on pretence that it was too general, and 
might criminate himself ; and, when the Bible was brought, saying, 
" that the Bible used by them was not a true Bible, and therefore his 
oath would not bind him." His committal, after repeating this, was 
on the principle that the words were used without any occasion 
given, to the scandal of the Protestant religion, and in the face of 

+ The Parliament, soon after, removed the Earl of Portland from 
the government of the island, and appointed the Earl of Pembroke 
in his stead. 




of y* kingdome, as it vas when they first met in 

Westminster, 9» No^^, 1641. 

Eden. 9. 
" For yo' sacred Ma"*." 

" Ywirs apoetj'led." 
Apo»t. 9« 9*^.— R«c* 16" »** by Mr. Arth: Berkley. 

By my last I 

▼•tOOTr I 
ffad* that It 
vill b0 tho 
can «Mn, bat 
that I shaU 
differ no 
longer, for 
by Uie grace 
of God, I 
shall itett out 
from hence 
on the 18 : 
fails : & for 
warning my 
Lo. Maior, 
take direc- 
tions from 
my Wyfe, 
when to doe 
it, for tliough 
she knowes 
when I shall 
meete lirr, 
vet I hane 
left to her 
the ciioice of 
the place, & 
when 1 shall 
cum to 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma*'% 
By my let' of y* 2^ of this moneth I advertised yo' 
Ma"* of y* arrivall of Mr. W" Murrey, & since he 
brings no certeyne news when yo' Ma'"* intends to be 
here, but in generall that it wilbe shortly, I thought 
it my duty to put yo' Ma"^ in minde, that y* Lo. 
Mayor & Cittizens here doe much desire to have 
tymely notice what day yo' Ma*** will come to this 
towne, that they may have y* bono' to waite on yo' 
Ma'**. There came i'trs yesterday from Irland w' 
confirme y* newes of y* Rebellion there, & say that 
the Rebells are come w''*in 20 miles of Dublin, & are 
very cruell to y* Enj^lishe Protestants, and have 
donne much mischcif alreddy in y* country : — There 
is order here for sending p'sently 200O foote & 500 
horse from hence into Irland : and S' Ja. Ashley,* & 
& Seriant Maior Merrick and other Officers are 
forthw"" to goe away for that kingdome. The hast of 
this bearer, (who came even now to me from y* 
Queene for a post warrant) will not give me tyme to 
write more to yo' Ma*" att p'seut, but that I assure yo' 
Ma'** yo' presence here is now extreame necessary, f 

♦ Sir Jacob Aatley was Serjeant Major General of the King's 
Army-royal ; he distiiiguisiied hintself much during the Civil Wars, 
and was created Lord Astley of Reading. Merrick was afterwards 
knighted by tiie Kiug : yet he joined the Parliament forces, was 
made Serjeant Major General by the Earl of Essex, and afterwards, 
at tbe siege of Reading, was appointed General of the Ordnance, 
being superseded in hia former office by the famous Skippon, by 
order of tbe Parliament. 

t It is a fact deserving notice that tbe leading party in the Honse 




as well for yo"^ affaires here, as in Irland : & I beseech 
God to send yo' Ma''^ a speedy & safe returne, w** 
none desires more then 

Yo' Ma"- 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Wesmimster, 3« Nof>"* 1641, att 9. at night 
Eden. 9. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma''*, 
I wrote to yo*r Ma*** a few lynes yesterday by an 
expresse sent by y* Queene, & this morning I receaved 
yo' Ma"" com'aunds by apostile of y" 30*^ of S*"". I 
have herew"* sent yo' Ma*** a let' from ray Lo. Keeper 
{& to Mr. Th'rer a Bill) for new Sheriffs for this 
next yeare, that yo' Ma*'* may be pleased to prick 
them there if you soe thinke fitt ; My Lo. Keeper 
desired me w%ll to send to yo' Ma*'® y* informac'on 
inclos'd, w** his Lo^ receaved (for sparing of some 
vpon that Bill) since y* same was made vp, that yo' 
Ma''* may be pleased to take them into considerac'on. 
The Lo"*** of your Ma*'** Privy Councell here have 
heard read all y* exa^iac'cons concerning Mar: Hamil- 
tons, and y* Earles of Arguile & Lannerick al>sent- 
ing themselves, & since they receaved noe direcc'ons 
to communicate those exa'iac'cons to any other then 
to yo' Privy Councell, they thinke not fitt to pub- 
lishe y* same, otherwise then by declaring (to such as 
they shall have occasion to speake w*'' about that 
business), that they finde nothing in all those 
exa'iac'ons, that in any sorte reflects vpon yo' 
Ma"** bono'. The exa'iac'ons, themselves are by 
their Lo^ left in my hands vnsealed, that any of y* 
Lo*** of yo' Privy Counsell may see & reade them, 
but I am to give noe coppies of y* same, & y* Lo**** 

The Keeper 
will fTnd by 
this inclosed 
to him that 
I meane not 
to pricke the 
Bill of 
my ciiming 
home, so that 
for the pre- 
sent there is 
no neede of 
his informa- 

They neede 
to doe no 
more, but as 
they haue & 
resolue to 

of Commons were now as anxions for the King's coming back, as his 
friends could be ; for on this day it was ordered by the House that a 
letter should be sent to the King, pressing his return. 




BO more. 

I shall not 
fkilo to pro- 
tect you ac- 
cording to 
my Power, 
ft (according 
to the owld 
I would it 
were better 
for your 

willed me to signify to Mr. Th'rer, that if yo' Ma*'* 
please that there shalbe any further publication 
thereof, they expect further direcc'ons therein. I 
have com'unicated to y' Lo'*''', & given them coppies 
of Mar: Ilamiltons 3* le" to yo' Ma"% w''^ doth give 
great satisfacc'ou here to all men, that nothing in 
that vnhappy business doth in y* least manner reflect 
on yo' Ma''" hono'. 

The Parliara' here takes to hart y* Rebellion in 
Irland, & hath expressed a great affec'con to yo' Ma"" 
service in that particular. They have resolved (as my 
Lo. Keeper desired me to signify to yo"" Ma*'*) to send 
thither 6000 foote & 2000 horse; whereof 2000 
foote & 5O0 horse presently ; & they are borrowing 
of y* Citty 50"° •■, w'** they hope wilbe sent, & in con- 
fidence, that they shall have y* same to supply other 
paym*', they are now sending away 20*"', w*'' they 
have reddy in cashe, & was designed for other 
afi'aires. My Lo. Keeper saith he hath sent yo' 
Ma"" rtrs touching y* Irishe Rebellion to the 
Com'ittee of both Houses appointed to consider of & 
take care for all things that concerne that business, 
and will himself speedily give yo' Ma"" an accompt 
of vo' Ma"" comaunds, w"'' he receaved this day in 
y* packet of y* 30'" of 8"^". I assure yo' Ma*'" I find 
that it is noe easie matter in these mallevolent tymes, 
for an honnest man (that hath anything to doe in 
afi'aires) to p'serve himself & his reputac'on : but I 
hope yo' Ma"' will protect yo"" faithfull servaunts, 
that shall w*"* integrity & dilligence endeavour to 
serve you, as will ever 

Yo' sacred Ma*'" 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edward Nicholas. 

There is an Act passing for pressing of soldiours 
for Irland, w*'' hath bene twice read, and is now in 
y* Comittees hands. 

Westminster 4° No^^ 1641. 

Edem: 9. 
" For yo' sacred Ma*'«." 

" Yours apostyled." 
Apost. 90 g*"-",— Rec" 15° November by Mr. Arthur Berkley. 




Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please jti' most excellent Ma"% 
I wrote to yo' Ma*'« by packet y" 4*'' of this No''^', & 
this now is to convey y" inclosed from my Lo. Keeper: 
I hope it will meete yo' Ma*'" on y" way, for that I 
heare it said, that yo"^ Ma*'* will set forth on Mun- 
day next, but because I am not certeyne of it, I 
haue directed this packet to Mr. Thr'er, w'^'' other- 
wise I should haue addressed (according to yo' Ma*'''^ 
com^aund) to my Lo"^ Duke.* If yo' Ma*'" doe not 
hasten hither, I doubt y'' p^parations for Irland will 
goe on but slowly,t & soe may come too late to 
p^vent great mischiefs there, notw^'standing y* care 
of our Parliam*. Here are besides (I assure yo' 
Ma*'") other affaires that highly import yo'' Ma*'*' hast 
hither : If yo" Ma"* please to give leave to my Lo. 
Mayor & y* Cittizens here to wayte on you into 
this towne, I beseech yo"^ Ma*'* to com'auud that 
timely notice may be given of y* day, that they may 
provide for it, for y* best of y* Cittizens expresse a 
great desire to shew their affec'on therein to yo' 
Ma*'*, w*^ I humbly conceave it will not be conveni- 
ent to declyne. 

I humbly pray for yo"" Ma*'*' happy and speedy 
returne, as being 

Yo' sacred Ma*'*' 
Most humble & obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Westminster, 6° Nifi"* 1641. 
Eden: 13: 

I onlie now 
repeate what 
in a former 
I sayd, that 
you receaiie 
order from 
my Wyfe for 
this, what 
day it shall 
be; with this 
that you di- 
rect my Lord 
lalne (I 
Essex)J to 
wait on my 
Wyfe, who 
will giue 
liim direc- 
tions what 
Howses he 
shall prepare 
for my vse 
against my 

* Duke of Richmond. 

+ Yet the Parliament seems to have been very busy upon this 
subject ; for not only was there a Declaration framed on the 4th, 
but letters were also sent to the Lords Justices, pressing the most 
energetic measures of defence. 

X It is difficult to ascertain why the King should express himself as 
though there might be some doubt as to who held the office. Essex 
was Lord Chamberlain until 1642, when he was superseded by 
Edward, Earl of Dorset. 


Written on the reverse of the last Letter. 

Since I wrote the other let" to yo' Mr"% happening 
w**" y' opportunity of this messenger (who I hope 
will deliver my let' safe to yo' Royall hands), I 
thought it my duty to make this addic'on to my 
former let', that yesterday in y* Comons House, it 
was moved to send instruc'cons to y* Englishe Com- 
'ittees, to let yo' Ma''" know, that y* Parliam' here 
finds that ill councells have bene y' cause of all these 
troubles in Irland, and that vnlesse yo' Ma''*" wilbe 
pleased to discharge y" ill Councellors that are about 
you & to take such as y* kingdome can confide in, the 
Parliam' doth hold itself absolv'd from giving assist- 
ance for y* busines in Irland : Some that found fault 
w"* this expression were chequed, but there was noe 
p'fect resoluc'on in this, but y' further considera- 
c'on thereof was put off to a further day.* 

I write this that yo' Ma'** may see how extreamely 
necessary it is for you to hasten hither. I beseech yo' 
Ma**' to keep to yo'self this addic'on, & to burue this 
let', w'*" is now sent you from 
Y' sacred Ma"" 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Westminster 6° N(fi"* 1641, 
a" 12 a clock at noone. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King, 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma*^*, 
Since myne of y* G*'' p'sent sent by Mr. Greene a 
servant of y* D: of Richmonds, I receaved y' same 
night here at Oatlands yo' Ma"" apostile of y" 2*, 

* This is a remarkable fact, not stated in the Parliamentary 
Historj', nor in the other ordinary rccorda. It is also worth notice 
that the Secretary does not mention the ap(^ogy sent to the Lords 
on diifl day by the Q^een, excusing Father Phillips, and praying 
forgiveness for him, " if it shall appear unto you that be hath not 


and have sent yo' Ma**'=' Pre to y^ B^p of London 
together w"* y' Bills signed for y^ new B^p'. I shall 
carefully p'forme all yo' Ma**" com^aunds by yo*^ last, & 
render yo' Ma*"' a speedy account of y* same. My Lo: 
Keeper sent me this evening this lef to be conveved to i returne 

•, r »• »!, n TIT nh • B • • n* thisonlieto 

yo' Ma^^ w*" all dilligence, w''" is y* pnncipaU cause show you 
of this dispatch. I beseech yo' Ma''^ to be pleased to carefuii to 
burne or returne to me all my lett^, for I perceave ^^J^* ^°^ 
by y^ strict enquiry after the writer of Mr. Webbs 
let', that there is a vigilant & prying eye after all that 
is written hence, & I would not willingly, that y" 
lyons should be made iudges of my eares. Wee 
hope yo' Ma*** will set forth for these partes too 
morrow senight at farthest. I can say noe more to 
move yo"^ Ma*'" to hasten hither then hath bene 
advertised. I pray God to send yo"^ Ma*'* a speedy 
and safe returne. I am confident yo"" Ma*'* was never 
more welcome to y* better sorte of Londoners than 
you wiU now be, & I beleeve y* whole kingdome wiU 
reioyce to heare of yo'^ Ma*'** happy returne, w*^ wilbe 
y* best newes that hath this yeare come to y* eares of 
Yo' sacred Ma*'*' 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Oati^nds, 7° I^^<^'* 1641. 
Eden. 13. 

The Queen to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Maistre Nicholas havinge reseaued a leter from 
London to nitgh (night) : that there is many of the 
Lords that ar gone of in the contree, and that the ar 
a fraid the shall want some for the bussinesse of the 
bishops : having heard that Camaruen* is in is owne 

maliciously done anything against the State, if, for my sake, you will 
pass by this present offence," &c. The Lords would have admitted 
him to bail, but the Commons refused. 

* Robert Dormer, Earl of Carnarvon ; slain in 1 643 at the battle 
of Newbury. It is stated in Bromley's Letters that his Countess 
was niece to Sir Richard Browne ; but how, does not appear, for she 
was daughter of the Earl of Pembroke. When this nobleman was 

I 2 


hous some twentie milles of I belive very fit you 
should writt to him from the King to have him come 
to London for that time this bearer will cary your 
letter to him and having nothing to say more I rest, 
Your assured friend 

Henriette Marie R. 
« Fop Maistre Nicholas." 
R. 8<> JVlo*^ 1641. The Queene to me. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King* 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma*", 

Yesterday I sent yo' Ma"' a I'tr from my Lo. 

Keeper by packet addressed to Mr. Th'rer. This 

day the Com''ons House considered of y' heads of y^ 

instrucc'ons to be sent to y" Enghshe Committees, & 

after a long debate, they voted y* same in y" House, 

w'** was thereupon divided, & there were (as I heare) 

110. votes against, & 151. for those instrucc'ons, 

Toamost amongst vf'^ there is one head to y' effect, (but a 

this in the little quallificd,) of what I wrote in my postscript by 

intbe^!^ Mr. Greene. Those instrucc'ons (I am tould) are 

sibie. to be transmitted to y* Lords. 

It is here reported by those who have y' speediest 

Ti^oJdS^ & certevnest advertisem*' from Edinburg, that yo' 

win prove Ma'** will not be here till Christmas : what reason 

ph^. "^ they have for it I know not. The warr" for y* new 

B*" are passing as fast as may be : I this day put y"^ 

Signet to those for Yorke & Lincolne.t 

I have signifyed yo' Ma''" pleasure to my Lo: 
Keeper to issue a Proclamac'on that all Parliam' men 
attend in P'liam', but his Lopp saith a Proclamac'on 
must issue in y* ordinary way, and be first signed by 
yo' Ma"*, wherefore I have by his Lo'" advise this day 

expiring in the field, he was asked if he bad any sait to the King t 
He replied, that " he would not die with a suit in his mouth, to any 
King, but the King of Heaven !" 

• This Letter, and the following ones up to the 10th of November, 
serve to fill up omissions in the Parliamentary History of the 

f These appointments did not take place. 


sent a warr* accordingly to yo' Ma''" Attorney, to 

j/pare such a Proclamac'on for yo' Ma*'" signature, 

w'^'' as soone as I can get from him shalbe speedily 

sent to yo' Ma''^ The Ea. of South'"" ^^ hath bene 

in North""''': this senight, but "wilbe here Wensday 

next, when I shall not fayle to acquaint his Lo" w"' 

what yo' Ma"" hath comaunded me. I heare there You must 

was this afternoone brought into y^ Commons House, wuh^u^Vf 

and there read, a Declarac'on of y" state of y*" affaires Satyoumay 

of this kingdome, w'** relates all y* misgovernmen* '^^^^ *"*»*' »» 

o^ , •/ o my name, 

and vnpleasing things that have bene donne by ill that by aii 
Counsells (as they call it) since 3° of yo"" Ma"*' raigne Sbf"thir^' 
to this p^sent, and it reflects soe much to y" p^iudice Xpeo!^ 
of yo' Ma*'" government, as if yo"" Ma"" come not 
instantly away, I trouble to thinke what wilbe y* 
issue of it : for surely if there had bene in this 
nothing but an intenc'on to have iustefyed the pro- 
ceedings of this P'liam*, they would not have begun 
soe high as 3°. The further considerac'on of this 
Declarac'on is to be had too morrow in y* House of 
Commons. If yo"" Ma"" shall not be pleased to keepe 
to yo'self what I have written, and to burne this let', ishaumost 
I may be lost. Yo' Ma"" cannot so much p"iudice '^^^ " ^' 
yo'self, {if you come away & leave all things there 
vnfinished,) as you may now by delaying yo' Ma""* 
returne one day : I pray God there be not a designe 
to deteyne you there against the wishes & advise 
of all yo"^ best servaunts here : God send yo"^ Ma"" a 
safe & speedy returne, so prayeth alwayes 
Yo' sacred Ma""» ' 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Eden. 13. 
Westminster, 8. Ncf'"' 1641. 
" For yo"^ sacred Ma'""^." 
" Yours apostyled." 

8° AV™ 1641. Apost. 13°. 9*^. Rec. 18. 9*™. 
Sent by Sir H. Himgate.+ 

* Thomas Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton. He died in 1667, 
without issue. 

+ Sir Philip Hungate, of Saxton, in Yorkshire, was the first 
Baronet, so created by Charlea the First. No name of ** Sir H." 


The Qiieen to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Maister Nicholas, I am vere sory tliat my lettre did 
not come time enouf to go. I haue reseaued yours, 
and I haue writt to the King to hasten is coming. 
I send you the letter and if little Will Murray is well 
enouf I vould haue him go backe againe : to scot- 
laud without comin yer for a would haue him go to 
marow morning : tel him from me : but if he 
wher not well then you must prouide some bodie 
that will be sure for my letter must not be lost : 
and I vould not trusted to and ordinaire poste : I 
am so ill prouided whitt personnes that I dare truste 
that at this instant I haue no living creature that I 
dare send : pray doe whatt you can to helpe me if 
little Vill Murray can not go to send this letter, 
and so I rest. 

Your assured friend, 

Henriette Marie R. 

•* For your selfe." 

R. 10° ATo*"* 1641. The Q,: that I should send an expr: M«' w: 
her let'. 

Sir Edioard Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma***, 
My last was by S' Hen: Hungate, w** I hope 
will come safe to yo' Royall hands ; & I now send 
this expresse by y* Queene's com'aund to convey 
her Ma"" Tt', for her Ma*'' saith she hath alreddy 
sent all those she can trust, w"* expresses to yo' 
Ma***; Wee hope that some of them will shortly 
bring y* much desired newes of yo' Ma*'"' returne. 

I have spoken w*"* y" B"" of Lincolne about yo"^ 
Ma**" pardon of y" 13 B^" for y' Premtmire, & his 
Lo^ saith he wisheth that y" pardon to them may be 

appears in the Baronetage ; therefore the person alluded to, after- 
wards mentioned as Sir Henry, must have been one of the numerous 
Knights Bachelors of that reign. 


generall for all things else aswell as for y" Pre- withaiimy 
munire, whereof his Lo'' will consider better, & ^'^rt- 
then I shall give yo' Ma*'^ a further accompt of that 
partic'lar. My Lo. Keeper tells me that there are 
many precedents, that y" Peers in P^liam't have 
chosen their owne Speaker, & that vntill y* Lo. 
Burleighes later tyme, there is scarce any Record, 
that y^ King hath by Ft" pattents appointed a 
Speaker for that House. Yo' Ma'''' ( I beleeve) hath 
heard that both Houses of Parliam* made an Ordi- 
nance Satterday last, that y" Lo. Lieutenant of 
Irland shall forthw*'' rayse Volontiers here in Engl, 
to be transported for suppressing y' Rebellion in 
Irland : yesterday his Lo^^ acquainting some Par- 
liam* men, that he doubted whether he might rayse 
men w*''out warr* vnder y^ Great Seale, his LoP' 
doubt was made knowne in y* Commons House, and 
thereupon it was in that House declared, that an 
Ordinance of both Houses was a suflficyent warr' for 
his Lo^^ levying of Volontiers by beating of the 
drum &c. & an entry of such their Declarac'on was 
accordingly made in the Register of that House. 
I heare that it is written from Irland, that y* Rebells 
there giue forth, that they expect yo"" Ma*'" every 
day att Don Luce,* w'^'' is a calumny raysed by them 
much to yo' Ma"*' dishonor & disadvantage, only 
to iustifj^ their Rebellion, & were fitt to be vindi- 
cated. The Declarac'on remonstrating y" effects of 
yo' Ma'""* ill Councells, was yesterday by y* Commons 
House taken againe into considerac'on, & a 4* parte 
thereof gonne thorrow w*all & voted there, & y'' rest 
of it wilbe passed there, as fast as may be, & then it 
is to be transmitted to y" Lo*^**. There was yester- com'and 
day a considerac'on in y" Upper House concerning inm^'name 
excluding y'' Papists Lo*^"', & after a long debate that ^amelii my 
business was let fall, only there was an Order made semants to 
that y'' lawes against Recusants should forthw'^ be the Lords'" 
put in execuc'on. Mr. Attorney f (according yo' ^°^^^- 
Ma*^" pleasure signified to him) hath drawne a Pro- 

* Duuluce Castle, near the Giant's Causeway, in the county of 
Antrim, the seat of the Earls of Antrim ; now in ruins, 
•f- Sir Edward Herbert, Knt. 


claraac'on, to coraaund all Parliam' men to attend in 

Parliam', & having shewed it to my Lo. Keeper, his 

Lo"" (as Mr. Attorney tells me) likes y' draught, but 

saith he conccaveth it not fitt to issue any such Pro- 

clamac'ou, & that he will shortly satisfie yo' Ma*'* 

wui'fwjy*'^ therein. I beseech God to send yo' ^Ma'"' a speedy 

Mtisfle 7on & happy returne, wherein all yo' Ma*'" best servaunts 
inth»t. . K'^ . ' ,. •' 

here loin m prayer w'" 

Yo' sacred Ma'"' 

Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

The cause concerning y' 13 B'", and the Bill 
touching B"*"", is to be considered of, Friday next. 

Westminster: 10° N(^ 1641, at 12: at noone. 

Eden: 15. 
« For yo' sacred Ma"«." 
** Yours apostyled." 
10: 9*^ 1641. Apost. 15". Ret. by Sir H. Hungate, 20" at one 

o'clock aftemoone. 
This was sent by Smith the Messenger. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma'"", 
By the Queenes cora'aund I sent yesterday one 
Smith expressly w"* her Ma"" le', w*""" I hope he will 
p'sent safe, & w*** dilhgence to your Royall hands. 
Wensday last there was a very greate debate in y* 
L"*" House, touching iustrucc'ons p'pared by y' 
Com'ons to be sent to y' Englishe Com'ittees att 
Edenburg; six of those iustrucc'ons concerne y" 
Rebellion in Irland, w'*" y' Lo**" passed & approoved 
of, the 7"* was concerning ill Councellors & Councells,* 
yr*^ held a very long debate, wherein I may not for- 

• Mr. Prj-nne it was who undertook to enlighten the Lords upon 
the subject of Evil Counsells. His reasoning was founded upon the 
anatomy of the human body. He also prophesied great advantages 
from a change, particularly if tlie King should not be permitted to 
select any servants except those approved by Parliament. Vide 
Parliamentary History, vol. x., p. 33, et teq. 


beare to advertise yo' Ma"* : that y* Ea: of Bristoll & 
his Sonne y* (Lo: Digby) did argue w"' soe much 
reason * & iudgem't, as they got y* 7th instrucc'on Thanke 
to be fairely laid aside, & yesterday att a conference me.™ ™ 
of both Houses, the Lo^" tould y^ Commons, that they 
agreed to 6 of y" said instrucc'ons, but y* seventh 
was of soe great consequence, as they thought fit to 
leave it to a further tyme : Yo' Ma''* may be pleased 
to take notice of y" singular good service that was in ^r the grace 
that busines donne by those 2 noblemen, & espe- doeitshort- 
cially by the sonne, who (I heare) did beyond "^"'y^i'^^- 

My Lo: Keeper & Mr. Attor: Gen^rall have 
deferred the issuing of y* Proclamac'on to require all 
Parliament-mens attendaunce, as conceaving it to be 
vnseasonable att this tyme, & my Lo: Keeper hath 
promised that he will give yo' Ma"' satisfacc'ou 

I have herew"' sent yo' Ma''* a speech published 
here in the name of Mar: Hamilton, that yo' Ma"* oni'*^'^ 
may see what artifice is here vsed by his friends to 
insinuate into y* people a good opinion of his Lo^' 
piety and integrity. The House of Commons was 
yesterday soe imployed about Irishe affaires, as they 
meddled not w"" their Declarac'on, remonstrating y* 
ill effects of bad Councells. It is advertised out of 
Irland that y* rebels are 30. thousand strong, in 
severall places of that kingdome, & that they approche 
towards Tredaw,t for defence whereof, y* Lo^ 
Justices have sent 1000 foote, and 2 troopes of 
horse : if y* rebells shall defeate those forces, it is 
thought they wilbe soone for Dublin. The Lo^ 

* Lord Digby had been an active enemy of Lord Strafford ; but 
in a speech made to the House of Commons on the •21st of April, 
1641, he recanted his former opinions respecting that Earl, even 
while still describing him as " a dangerous and insupportable minister 
to free subjects." His apparent objects were to preserve his own 
consistency, yet to save Lord Strafford's life; and an abler man 
would have found it difiBcult to reconcile them. His speech closed 
with a solemn protestation against any sentence of death : " and I 
do, with a clear conscience, wash my hands of this man's blood." 

■|" Tredagh — the Irish name for Drogheda. 


Justices write, that vnlesse there be p'sently sent 
over 10,000 men, & 100 "^ in monny, that kingdom 
wilbe lost : Avhereupon y* Parliam' liath ordered to 
increase y"" (),000 foote (formerly directed to be 
raised) to 10,000 : & they intend forthw"* to passe 
an Act for ray sing of 200 ""^ for the service of Irland : 
And where they formerly desired to have only 1000 
Scots, now they will desire to have 10,000 Scots to 
be sent into Irland in such numbers as y' Parliam* 
shall give direcc'ous. 

\o' Ma'" may by these relac'ons perceave of what 
extreame necessity & importaunce yo' Ma*^" speedy 
returne is, w''*' I beseech yo' Ma"' by all meanes to 
hasten, for notw"*8tanding all the discourses in Par- 
liam', I see nothing put into ace' on. That yo' Ma'" 
may have a speedy, safe, & hon"* returne shsdbc ever 
y" earnest prayers of 

Yo' Ma''" 
Most humble and most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

The last night att 10. a clock, after I had closed 
tliis let', I receaved by Mr. Tho: Killegrew yo' Ma"" 
comands by 2 apostiles, & am now going to Oatlands 
w* yo' Ma**" let' to y' Queene, having sent that to 
my Lo: Keeper : I shalbe carefull to p'forme what yo' 
Ma"* by that dispatch hath comaunded me. AH 
hounest men will reioyce at y* welcome newes of yo' 
Ma**" returne. 

WKsrmifSTEE, W No<'"*, 1641. 

Edxn. 18. 
" For yo' sacred Ma"*." 
" Years apostyled." 
12" N</"^. Apost. 18°. Ret: by Mr. Proger* 22° at 9. morning. 

• Some notice of this Mr. Proger may be seen in the MCmoirea 
de Grammont, where he is spoken of as about the person of Cliarles 
the Second, and said to be " confident de ses menues plaisirs." He 
is the same person who, with five other Englishmen, were concerned 
in the foul murder at Madrid of the Envoy from the English Par- 
liament to Spain in 1650. Proger (or Progers) was at that time in 
the service of Hyde's Spanish Embassy. 




Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo"^ most excellent Ma*'% 
I sent a let' this morning to yo' Ma*'" by Mr. Jo: 
Digby,* since my wrighting whereof I receaved yo'" 
Ma"*' by Mr. Killegrew, & shall carefully obey yo' 
Ma"*' comaunds. This is only to conuey to yo' 
Roy all hands a Pardon for y" 13 W^',-\ p*pared by 
y* Bp of Lincolne, who (it seemes) thought not fitt to 
trust any of yo' Ma"*' learned Councell w*'' y* drawing 
of it ; his Lo^ sent me word that I should hasten it 
to yo' Ma"* (albeit you might be on yo' way home) 
as I tendred y* good of yo' Ma"*' service, av*'' made 
me send it now, notw^'standing my owne humble 
opinion is, that since y* hearing of y* busines against 
these 13 B^p' was appointed to be this day, & in aU 
likelihoode will not be put off to a day much farther, 
that it were better to deferre y* passing of this 
Pardon till it shalbe scene what wilbe determyned 
concerning them, for if they shalbe sentenced by y* 
Parliam', this pardon coming afterwards, and not 
menc'oning their being sentenced, will not be suffi- 
cyent, & if they shalbe quitted it wilbe needlesse ; 
Nay if it shall not be kept very secreat, it may be to 
their p*iudice ; but yo' Ma"* com'aunding me in this 
busines to pursue y* direcc'ons of that able & experi- 
enced B^P, I held it my duty to obey w'^'out disputing: 
If yo' Ma"* shall thinke fitt to passe this pardon att 
this tyme, you may be pleased to signe it, as well on 
y* back, that it may passe by imediat warr* as on y* 
fore part of it, & to send it sealed up, w*'' an expresse 
com'aund to my Lo. Keeper to scale, who will other- 
wise I beleeve make some scruple to put y* Great 
Scale to it. 

• Son to the Earl of Bristol. 
+ In a subsequent letter, Nicholas again refers to the case of the 
Bishops, and to the fact of their demurring to the impeachment 
before the Lords, with the exception of Godfrey Goodman, Bishop of 
Gloucester, who pleaded Not Guilty. This was notified to the 
Commons by a message from the Lords on the 12th. 

He cam 

The return- 
ing of w'ch 
is the onlie 
cause of 

But if [it! 
bee dated 
before (& 
therefor I 
haue not 
flUed the 
date) I sup- 
pose it may 
doe some 

So I hane. 

Doe you that 
in my name. 


Yo' Ma**" of y' 6th of this moneth giues me good 
hope that this packet will meete yo' Ma"" on y' way, & 
therefore I have addressed it (as yo' Ma*'* comanded) 
to y' D. of Richmonde. God of his mercy p^'serve & 
protect yo' Ma"*, & send you a safe and happy 
returne, w** is y* prayer of all yo' Ma"*"' best affected 
servauuts, as well as of 

Yo' Ma"~ 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

As I was closing this let' my Lo: of BristoU sent 
me word that his sonne Mr. Jo: Digby goes not for 
Scotland, and therefore I have sent that let' w'*' this 
to yo' Ma»". 

Westminster, 12» iVo*^ 1641. 
Edek: 17: 

The Queen to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Maistre Nicholas, I have receaued your lettre. I 
am sory you ar not well for I would haue ben glad to 
speake to you but it is of no haste therefore donat 
hasteud your selfe for feare of being sick ; I send you 
a lettre for Milord Keeper that the King ded send to 
me to deliuer it if I though it fit. the subject of it is 
to make a Derclaration against the ordres of l*arli- 
amant which ar made withouct the King. If you 
beleue a fit time giue it him if not you may keepet 
till I see you. 

the King will bee here sertaineleye the 20 of this 
monthe therefore you may aduertice the Maior of 
London. Your lettre that you did writt to Car- 
naruen is comme bak to mee and I burnt it. he 
was not at is hows it should be vere nessessairie 
that you should inquaire where (he) is and writt to 
him and send to milord Cotinton for is proxies for 
I heer he as to (two) and is owne. and send to 
milord Southampton and Dunsemoure* to send 

* FrancU Leigh, Lord Dunsmore ; afterwards Earl of Chichester. 


their proxies till the comme them selues ; the are 
in Warwicshier. hauing no more to say I reste 
this 12 Novembre 

Your assured frend 

Henriette Marie R. 

" For your selfe." 

12" No''"' 1641. The Queene to me. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma*'% 
This is y^ first day since my falling sick^ that I 
have bene able to sit vp to write : & albeit I 
shall doe it w**" some difficulty, yet my duty will 
not sufi"er me to forbeare any longer to give yo" 
Ma''" an accompt, that by Mr, Barkley I receaved 
on Sunday night last yo' Ma*'*' comaunds in 3 
apostiles dated y* W^ of this moneth : All w*"^ I 
have alreddy p'form'd, excepting that concerning 
giving notice to my Lord Mayor of y® day of yo" 
Ma"*' entring into London, whereof (I beleeve) I 
shall this afternoone have certeynty from the 

Herew*"" yo"" Ma*'* will receave a proclamac^on for 
y* attendance of y* Parliam* men, w*'' my Lo: Keeper 
& Mr. Attorney conceaved would have bene better 
to have bene forborne to be published till yo"^ Ma*'*' re- 
turne, w*'' is now so neere in expectac'on. The House 
of Commons hastens by all meanes y* finishing of y* 
Declarac'on or Remonstrance, & for y* more speedy 
expediting of it, they have att y* Committee passed by 
many p'ticlars to avoide y* delay of long debate. 

The order of y* House of Com'ons for y* number of 
Scots to be sent into Irland, was altered from 1000. 
to 5000. vpon Saturday last in y* afternoone, & 
thoughe (wee heare) that y* imploym* of soe many 
Scots wilbe very acceptable to that nac'on, yet it is 
here apprehended by wise men, that y* same will 
exasperate y* Irishe, & make them buckle more 
resolutely to a warre of rebellion, then otherwise 
they would doe. Since y* plot in delivering to 


Mr. Pym* a le" w*** a plaster and a threatening in it, 
there was on Mimday last in y* evening, another as 
desperate and dangerous a conspiracy against him, & 
diverse members of both Houses, discovered by a 
poore zealous taylor, who, being in y' fields mending 
y' notes he had taken of a sermon, there happened 
to come (as he relates it) 2. souldier-like men, soe 
neere him, as he overheard them telling each other, 
how many of their acquaintance were to be forthw"" 
imployed to murther diverse members both of y" 
Upper and Lower House, & this taylorf had y* 
oportunity to take from those 2. mens mouthes y' 
names both of y' raurtherers, & of y" p'sons to be 
murthered : the reward to him that kil'd a member 
of y* Lower House was to be 40*. & to him that 
murthered one of y* Upper House 10/. This dis- 
covery makes a great noyse in & about y* Parliam' 
House, & (however many wise men give no creddit 
at all to it, yet) it hath produced severall orders for 
securing of y" Parliam', & Parliament-men, the 
coppies of some of w''*' I have here inclosed sent yo' 
Ma"". The order of y* IG"* p'sent,t w"*" requires that 
y* rigour of y' law be put in excuc'on against all 
Papists, that shalbe founde in London or Westmins- 
ter after this night, is not (I heare) thought by some 

* Plots against the life of Pym were rife at this time. Among 
the parliamentary chiefs he was the most prominent mark for such at- 
tempts, and manj appear to have been undertaken. " He seemed to all 
men," says Qarendon, " to have the greatest influence upon tlie House 
of Commons of any man ; and, in truth, I think he was the most popular 
man, and the most able to do hurt, that hath hved in any time." The 
first of the plots referred to by Nicholas was a strange one. The plague 
still lingered in various places in and near London ; and it would seem 
that as the popular leader entered the House of Commons one day, the 
porter of the House delivered to him a letter (received from " a gentle- 
aiao on horseback, in a grey coat, who gave him twelvepence for the 
apeedy delivery of it"), from which, on his opening it, there dropped a 
covering which bad come from a plague wound ; the letter itself con- 
taining " many menaces and much railing against him." 

+ His name was Beale : but the House could procure no further 
intelligence of a satisfactory kind upon the subject ; and whether the 
alleged conspiracy may not have been a piece of folly or of roguery 
on the part of the informer, is by no means clear. 

X Not recorded in the Parliamentary History. 


of y" Commons to be severe enoughe, soe as it is con- 
ceaved there wilbe some more sliarpnes added to that 
order this day: all y' Papists Lo*^" are alreddy removing 
out of this Towne vpon this order, ffriday last (w'^'' 
was y^ first day of my falling into extremity) the 
Venetian Amb'dor complained att y* Councell 
Boorde, that his I'rs had bene opened by y* Committees 
of Parliam*, & he was soe much incensed at it, as he 
there made his protest, & declared, that he would 
treate no further, & thereupon w'Mrew himselfe (as 
I heare) to Greenew"'', till such tyme as he shall 
advertise that Republique w'** that affront as he 
termed it. The agent of y* D. of Florence is as 
highly distasted w"' some violence that hath been 
vsed in serching his house by some officers or warr"' 
of Parliam' : these distasts given to those Ministers 
will (it is thought) light very heavy on yo' Ma''" su*"" 
trading [to] those partes, and will proove a very 
great p^udice & interrupc^on to y*" trade of this yo' 
Ma"" kingdome. 

I heare from a very good hand, that there are 
diverse principall gen' of Hertfordsh: who are desirous 
to tender their duty to yo' Ma'"' att Ware, & to wayte 
on you into that towne if yo' Ma''^ shall make any 
stop there, & they will bring w* them diverse of their 
neighbours & friends, who are desirous to shew how 
welcome yo' Ma*'"' returue is into that country, 
whereof I thought good to give yo' Ma''" this tymely 
notice, for that I humbly conceaue it would not be 
amisse for yo' Ma''* in these tymes to accept 
graciously y* affecc'ons of yo' su''" in that kinde, 
whereby you will have opportunity to shew yourself 
grac'ous to yo' people as yo' Ma''* passeth, & to 
speake a few good words to them, w"'' will gaine y* 
affmons (especially of y* vulgar) more then any thing 
that hath bene donne for them this Parliam'. This 
day y* examinac'ons against O'Neale were read in y' 
Commons House, wherein were menc^oned some Vrs 
& papers signed C. R., the effect of one of w''' (sent 
to Capt: Leg*) was (as I heare), that he should 

* Captain Leg, otherwise Colonel; but better known as "honest 
Will Leg ;" and ancestor of the Earls of Dartmouth. 


speake with S' Ja: Ashley according to instrucc'oiis 
vr'*' he had from yo' Ma*", & let noue see that let' but 
only S' Ja: Ashley, who, together w"* S' Jo. Conyers * 
(as I am tould, but I beseech yo' Ma"'' to take noe 
notice thereof from me) have bene very large & par- 
tic'lar in their examinac'ons, w'** (I heare) reflect 
vpon yo' Ma*'** person : it is thought that y*" Parliam' 
ynll coudempne O'Neale, but they are not yet 
resolved where or how to trye him : they doubte y' 
testimony against him will not be soe full, as in a 
legall way to conderapne him at the King's Bench 
barre, & they resolve not (as yet) whether it wilbe 
fit to doe it by a Bill, according to their legislative 

I have (as yo' Ma*'" commanded) given war' to my 
Lo: Keeper to renew y* Commission of Lieutenn'cy 
for London, & to put in y' new Lo: Mayor, who is a 
very well aff""^ servaunt of yo' Ma*'". 

There is a Com'ittee of both Houses appointed to 
p'pare instrucc'ons for y' Lo: Lieutenant of Irland, 
wherew*** they are now in hand. The 13 B'''" did 
demurre to y' busines ag' them, but y' Commons 
have in their House overruled y* demurrer & voted 
that those B*" shall answere in cheif. I dispatched 
y* Bills for y* new B^* w"* all expedic'on, & that 
busines is now in as good forwardnes as may be. I 
hope by that tyme yo' Ma"* shall retume hither, to 
be able to goe abroade, in y' meane tyme, I will to 
y* best of my strength & abillity p'forme y* duty of 
Yo' sacred Ma*'" 
Most humble & obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Wbsthinster, 18: iVb»"» 1641. 

• This Conyers was afterwards, in 1643, nominated by the Par- 
liament to the Lieutenancy of the Tower, on the King being compelled 
to ^i fwii— Sir John Byron from tliat office. 


Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo"" most excellent Ma''''j 
Yesterday I wrote to yo' Ma*'*, & addressed it 
by packet to y" D. of Richmond, as yo' Ma"* com- 
manded me when you should be on yo' returne : 
since that, I have receaved from y* Queene 3 of my 
rtrs, all of them apostiled by yo' Ma*'* y* 13"* of this 
moneth, & I humbly acknowledge myself infinitely 
obliged to yo' Ma*"* for yo"" gracious goodnes in 
returning and burning my I'trs. I shall carefully 
obey all yo"" Ma*'*' com'aunds in those Ftrs. I have 
herew*'' sent for yo' Ma*'*' signature a draught for yo' 
Royall assent for y* B^^ of Lincolne* to be Arch''^ of 
Yorke : this was brought to me this day, & there is 
noe returne as yet made vpon y^ Conge d'eslires for 
any of y* other B'"'". I have herew*"* alsoe sent yo' 
Ma*'* a Bill contejTiing a Commission to appoint y* 
Ea. of Holland to be Lo: G'rall of all yo' Ma*'*' forces 
beyonde the Trent, w*** commission yo"" Ma*'* gave order 
for, before yo' iourney into Scotland, but it seemes 
by Mr. Attorney (who now brought me this by 
direcc'on from y* Parliam' to be sent w*'' speede to 
yo' Ma*'*) that vpon y* mistake of some name in y* 
former draught it passed not y* Greate Seale : I 
tould ]Mr. Attorney I did beleeve yo' Ma*'* would not 
thinke fitt to signe it now before yo' returne; but 
howsoever he wished me to send it away to yo' Ma*'* 
w*^ y* first, because he had promised soe much to 
y* Lo^*' in P'liam' : this is all I know of this 
busines, and yo' Ma*'*' wisdome can best direct you 
what to doe in it. 

The business against O'Neale is referred to a select 
Com'ittee to be p*pared reddy for y* House against 
Munday next, & some thinke it wilbe hardly heard 
then, for albeit y* Commons haue a very good minde 
to proceede roundly against him, yet (I heare) y* 

* John Williams, D.D. Dean of Westminster, and formerly Lord 
Keeper. To this draught the royal signature was given. 


proofes are soe broken, as they will not make a fiiU 
& cleere endence : the worst in all that busines is, 
that it reflects on yo' Ma''*, as if you had giuen some 
instrucc*ons concerning y' stirring up y'" army to 
pet" y* Parliam' : I hope it will appeare that yo' 
Ma''** intenc'ons were only to reteyne y" army in 
their duty & dependance on yo' Ma"*. The House of 
Commons hath pressed y* Lo*" very earnestly for 
removall of y* Ea: of Portland from his gov'ment of 
y*" Isle of Weight, but y* Lo*" yesterday, upon his 
Lo*" profession to liue & dye in y' Protestant religion, 
let fall that busines as by y* inclosed yo' Ma"" will 
perceave. There hath bene nothing donne these 2. 
dayes by y" Com'ons touching y*" Declarac'on remon- 
strating y* bad efl*ects of ill councells, but it is 
thought that y* same wilbe finished this weeke : there 
are diverse well aff"^ servants of yo' Ma"" in that 
House, that oppose that remonstrance w'** vnanswer- 
able argum", but it is veryly thought that it will 
passe notw"'standing,-'- & that it wilbe ordered to be 
printed w'Wt transmission to y'^ Lo*". The Com- 
'ons (I heare) haue intercepted some let" that passed 
betweene Mr. Croftsf & y" Dutchess of Chevereux,J 
and gotten the key of their earaches, whereupon 
Mr. Crofts hath this day bene exa^ied : as alsoe 
touching his soe frequent vissittingof Coll: Goring at 
Portsmouth, and y' Coll: is also come vp by com'and 

* The motion was carried by 159 to 148, on the 22nd of this 

+ Mr. Crofts and Mr. William Murray, already mentioned, were 
two of those whom the Committee of Parliament, sitting at Grocers' 
Hall, declared to be persons of vile character, and enemies to liberty; 
paning at the same time a resolution that the King should be called 
on to dismiss them from his service. Crofts had married the aunt 
of the Earl of Warwick ; and she had also been very active in Court 
intrigue previous to tliis, as appears by a reference to Bromhy'a 
Royal Letter!, page 85. 

t This Lady was at the Court of England for the first time, in 
1638; and is mentioned by Pennant, in his Journey to the Isle of 
Wight, as having, in a frolic, swam across the Tliames; somewhere, 
as he supposes, in the vicinity of Windsor. He also preserves 
an extract from a Copy of Verses made on the occasion by a Sir 
J. M. (probably Sir John Mennes, author of the Mutarum Delicia), 


of y* Commons, & suspected, for that it hath bene 
informed, that he hath fortifyed that garrison to y' 
land, & put forth some ould souldiers & put in new ; 
whereby yo' Ma''" may see that euery small matter 
ministers feare here amongst us. I dare not as yet 
stirre out of my chamber, being still weake, but (if I 
shalbe able) I intend (God willing) to wayte on yo' 
Ma*'^ at Theobalds on Wensday next, & in y® meane 
tyme I humbly rest 

Yo" sacred Ma*'"' 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 

Westminsteb: 19» iVo*™ 1641. 
" For yo' sacred Ma*"*." 

The Queen to Sir E. Nicholas. 

Maistre Nicholas, I did desire you not to acquainte 
mi lord of essex of what the King commanded you 
touching his commin : now you may doe it and tell 
him that the King will be at Tibols vendnesday and 
shall lye there and upond thursday he shall dine at 
my lord Maiors and lye at Whitthall onlye for one 
nitgh and upon friday will goe to hampton-court 
where he maenes to stay this vinter : the King com- 
manded me to tell this to my lord of essex but you 
may doe it, for there Lords ships are to great prinses 
now to receaued anye direction from mee : beeng all 
that I haue to say I shall rest 

Your assured fraud, 

Henriette Marie R. 

« For Maistre Nicholas." 

R: 20» AV*^ 1641. 

The Q: for me to signify to Lo: Cbamb'lan. 

whose opinion of the lady's frigid chastity is matter of vast amuse- 
ment to Pennant. Sir J. M. exclaims, in his poetic rapture, 

" But her chaste breast, cold as the cloyster'd nun, 
Whose frost to chrj-stal might congeal the sun, 
So glaz'd the stream, that pilots, there afloat, 
Thought they might safely land without a boat ; 
July had seen the Thames in ice involved, 
Had it not been by her own beams dissolved." 



Sir Edward Nicholas to the King. 

May it please yo' most excellent Ma*", 
I receaved yo' Ma''" com'aunds yesterday by S' 
Hen: Hungate,* & this day by Mr. Proger, & shalbe 
carefull to observe y* same, as I hope I shalbe able 
on Wensday next to give yo' Ma'"' an accompt att 

I have now againe receaved assuraunce, that (as I 
formerly acquainted yo' Ma"') y* Gent: & diverse of 
y* best of y' freeholders of Hertfordshire will wayte 
on yo' Ma'** a myle before you come to Ware, & if 
yo' Ma"* please to make a little stop in that towne, 
that y* better sorte may there kisse yo' Royall hand, 
& y* rest be spoken to by yo' !Ma"% it will give them 
very great contentm*. If yo' Ma"' please to come 
softly from "Ware, y' most of those will wayte on 
yo' Ma"' as farre as Theobalds, & if yo' Ma"' thinke 
not that convenyent, they will wayte on yo' Ma"' only 
a mile or two out of Ware, & soe receave yo' Ma"" 
grac'ous dismission. I am y' more dilligent to give 
yo' Ma"' this advertisem', because I know those 
gent: will not fayle in this manner to shew their 
affecc'ons & duty to you, & that county being 
soe neere a neighbour to London, it wilbe a good 
encouragem' & comfort to yo' well affected people 
here, to vnderstand, that they have neighbours that 
have y' like dutifull affecc'ons to yo' Ma"" person and 
govemm*, as these Cittizens here, who are constantly 
resolved to giue yo' Ma"' a magnificent recepc'on, 
notw'^'standing (I heare) there have bene some prac- 
tises vnderhand to divert them from that their setled 

By y' Queenes direcc'ons I signifyed to my Lo: 
Chamb'layne on Satterday last, that yo' Ma"' intends 
to lye at Theobalds Wensday next, to dyne Thursday 
att y' Guildhall, & that night to lye att Whitehall, & 
Friday to goe to Hampton Court. Coll. Goring gaue 
y' House of Commons good satisfac'con Satterday 

• See an/«, pp. 117, 118. 


last touching Ms fidellity & good affec'cons, and was 
thereupon dismissed : * The Commons have bene in 
debate about their Declarac'on touching y' ill effects 
of bad councells euer since 12 at noone, & are at it 
still, it being now neere 12 at midnight.t I staid 
this dispatch in hope to have sent yo"^ Ma''* y* result of 
that debate, but it is soe late, as I dare not (after my 
sicknes) adventure to watch any longer to see y* 
issue of it ; only I assure yo' Ma"* there are diverse 
in y' Com'ons House, that are resolved to stand 
very stiff for reiecting that Declarac'on, and if they 
p*vayle not then to protest against it. That yo' 
Ma''* may have a happy & safe returnej shalbe euer 
y* prayer of 

Yo'^ sacred Ma"" 
Most humble & most obedient servaunt, 

Edw. Nicholas. 
Westminster, 22" iVb*™, 1641. 

* Goring, in some subsequent transactions, underwent the imputa- 
tion of having acted a double part with the King and the Parliament. 
When the war broke out, Goring, as Governor of Portsmouth, 
declared for the King ; but that town, being unable to sustain a siege, 
was soon lost to the Royal Cause. Goring then went to France, as 
Bulstrode says, with the money he had received on both sides, 
" without making good his promises to either." That Author adds, 
that " if his conscience and integrity had equalled his wit and courage, 
he had been one of the most eminent men of the age he lived in ; but 
he could not resist temptations, and was a man without scruple, and 
loved no man so well, but he would cozen him, and afterwards laugh 
at him." Goring's high command in the army, and subsequent 
court-favour, are supposed to have been occasioned in a great measure 
by the very active assistance he afforded to tlie Queen, whilst in 
France, in procuring both money and arms. 

•f It ".vas a little after twelve when the " Great Remonstrance " was 
carried, by a majority of eleven. Hampden then moved that it 
should be printed, which Hyde met by a counter-motion, in which he 
claimed the right for the minority to be allowed to enter a formal 
protest against the decision of the House. It appears by the above 
letter that Nicholas had been infonned of Hyde's intention to make 
this attempt. Hampden's motion was not carried till two o'clock, 
and after a scene of extraordinary excitement (in which bloodshed 
was only prevented, according to Sir Philip Warwick, "by the 
sagacity and great calmness of Mr. Hampden") the House adjom*ned 
at three o'clock. Sir Benjamin Rudyard compared the result to 
" the verdict of a starved jury." 

J The King did return on the 25th ; which closed this portion of 


T7i€ King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

OXFOKD, 30 Jan: 1644.* 

Nicholas, I shall ad nothing to the seuerall good 
newes you will receaue by your fellow Secre- 
tairs letter, but the surpryse of Compton House by 
S' W. Compton : t & to bid you tell your fellow 
Comissioners, J that if there be any Treaty proposed 

the Correspondence. On the next day, the 26ih of November, 1641, 
the loyal diligence of Mr. Secretary Nicholas was acknowledged and 
rewarded by the honour of Knighthood conferred on him at White- 
Iiall, as appears from a MS. List of Knights of that reign in the 
Harleian Collection, No. 6832. In some old Tracts of that period we 
find also recorded " Five most noble Speeches" spoken to his ^lajesty 
by the mayors of several cities on his route homeward. The Mayor 
of York assured him : " Our well-tuned bells at this present time, to 
congratulate the welcome of so great a Prince, tume themselves, and 
doe willingly stand, as if Time commanded them soe to doe ;" to 
which tliis ultra-loyal magistrate added : " our wives conceive with 
joye, our children's tongues are untyed with alacrity, and each one 
doth strive to cry welcome home to so indulgent a Soveraigne, our 
fields do seeme triumphing in their gay diapry to welcome home your 
Sacred Majesty, the woods doe seeme to contemne a falling Autumne 
or a nipping Winter, and assume unto themselves their Spring 
liveries, and all to welcome home your most Sacred Majesty." The 
Mayor of Stamford, after describing himself as the King's " abject 
laeateDant," enlarged upon the loyalty of his fellow citizens, and said 
that ** each would have bin glad to have entertained the place of a 
speaker ;" whilst Huntingdon's worshipful magistrate boasted, "that 
although Rome's Hens should daily hatch of its preposterous eggs, 
crocodilicall chickens, yet under the sliield of Faith, by you our most 
Royal Sovereigne defended, and by tlie King of Heavens as I stand 
and your most medicable councell, would we not be fearfiil to with- 
stand them." 

* A long interval here occurs in the Correspondence, arising from 
the King's return. Nicholas appears to have been constantly 
attached to his Majesty's person, until bis appointment as one of the 
CommisaionerB pending Uiis well-known Treaty. The " good news " 
to which the King refers, may have been the entrance of the Scottish 
army into Enghind, which took place on the 16th. 

f Sir William Compton was Uiird son of the Earl of Northampton. 
His two elder brotliers were also active in the King's service. 

X These were, the Duke of Richmond, the Marquis of Hertford ; 
the Earls of Southampton, Kingston, Chichester; Lords Capel, 


concerning Scotland (of w"^ I forgott to speake to 
them at parting) theire answer must be, to demand 
a passeport for a gentleman to goe from me to see 
what stat the Marquis of Muntrose''- is in, there 
being no reason, that I should treate blyndefolde in 
so important a business, nor without the knowledg 
of him whom I haue now cheefly employed in that 
Kingdoms & who hath undertaken my seruice there, 
with so much galantry, when no boddy else would : 
so I rest 

Your asseured frend, 

Charles R. 

R SI" Jani. 1644. 

His Ma*""* let"^ to me by Mr. Skipw'th + concerning Scotl&nd during 
y« Treaty at Uxbridge. 

Sir Edward Nicholas to the Kim/. 

May it please yo*^ sacred Ma*'*, Oxford 

I have herew*^ sent to yo' Ma*'^ coppiesj of such 
papers as passed betweene yo' Ma''*'* Comission" yo^u^n 

Seymour, Hatton, Culpepper ; Sirs Edwai-d Nicholas, Edward Hyde, 
Richard Lane, Thomas Gardiner, Orlando Bridgman; and Messrs. 
John Ashbumham, Jeffery Palmer, and Dr. Stewart. 

* Montrose is represented by those who take the more favourable 
view of his character to have been secretly attached and faithfal to 
the King's cause some time before he so declared himself, though the 
King had been kept ignorant of it by the artifices of the Marquis of 
Hamilton ; for though in the beginning of the troubles in Scotland 
Montrose had joined the Presbyterian party, and was the first to sign 
the Covenant, yet seeing reason to change his views, and trusting to 
the weight of his family alliances, he is alleged to have come to 
England with the intention of rendering all the sei'vice in his power 
to the King. On his arrival, however, Hamilton, who had often been 
accused of deceiving Charles with respect to Scottish affairs, contrived 
so artfully to throw slights upon Montrose, that the latter returned to 
the Covenanters ; with whom being again disgusted, he wrote shortly 
after to the King, expressing his loyalty and desire of serving him 
in the sti-ongest terms; which letter, it is asserted, Hamilton took 
out of his Majesty's pocket in the night, and sent it secretly to the 

f Perhaps Fulmar Skipwith, of Newbold Hall, afterwards created 
a Baronet by Charles II. 

X The King's military affairs at this moment were beginning to 
decline ; for both the armies of Essex and Waller had now been 




doe well to 
m*rke their 
orders to 
saue m the 
labor to 
fynde out, 
w'che aa- 
srera w'ch, 
u wel u to 
itcnd the 

You hare 
done well, 
but tbejr, 

for France 
with the 
.\gcnt, & 
send me 
word bow. 

I hane. 

moat stager, 
much less 
alter you in 
the way you 
ar, in con- 
stantly ad- 
hering to 
Justice, & 

In this, free 
dealing is 
not to be 

here yesterday, & y* Londoners touching y' Militia, 
w** this afternoone yo' Ma''" Commission" are to make 
appeare to be a power most naturally & legally in 
yo' Ma*" : this morning wee are to observe y" fast 
according to yo' Ma'"' Proclamac'on,* but it must 
be donnc here in y' Inne, for wee cannot be per- 
mitted to have y' Booke of Common Prayer read in y* 
church here, & wee resolve not to goe to any church 
where the Divine service established by law may not 
be celebrated. 

I have made reddy the dispatch to y* King of Por- 
tugall, yv'^ Avilbe tendred to yo' Ma"* under my hand. 
I hope yo' Ma"' upon y* advertisem' I sent to yo' 
Ma**" & P. Rupert yesterday, hath before this taken 
order to p'vent that Woodstock be not gjirrison'd as 
those of London have com'aunded. The Comission" 
from London say, that S' W°* Wallerf is marching 
westward as farre as Winchester, & those partes, w^ 
6000 men; and that there is an army of about 
26,000 Scots to come into England att the opening 
of y* spring : They vapour much att Loudon, but I 
heare thev are much devided amongst themselves. 
276. 352.*574. 662. hath 123. 63. 21. 25. 290. 657. 
116. 276. 352. 225. 276. 428. ofifring 163. SOO. since 
173. 276. 340. 225. 276. Militia, soe as 276. 10. 26. 
198. 166. satisfac'on. 278. 225. 626. but I know 
not y" p'ticlars, having not had tyme to speake w"* 
them concerning their discourse, & when I know it, 

greatly augmented by recruits from the Metropolis and its neigh- 
bourhood, as well as from tlie associated counties. Thus rein- 
forced, these two Parliamentary Generals carried every thing before 
them. They had recently advanced into Oxfordshire, where they 
hovered about the King's head-quarters, and kept the Royal Army 
in constant alarm. 

• This fast was appointed by the King, for a blessing on the 
Treaty then pending at Uxbridge. In the Mercurius Rusticus is a 
copy of the prayer ordered for the occasion ; but as it spoke of the 
" unnatural War," and prayed the Almighty to " let the truth clearly 
appear, who tliose are, which under pretence of the public good do 
pursue their own private ends," it is not surprizing that obstacles 
were thrown in the way of its celebration. 

•f" Waller was not a very fortunate General. Walker says of him, 
in the History of Independency, " tliat he lost two armies, yet was 
a gainer by the employment" 


I shall not rely much upon it. God preserve yo' rate^^uuf 
Ma*'^' person & prosper yo"" desiernes. soe prayes they Vm 

V r J -A/r ties helpe me in 

Yo' sacred Ma"" theMiutiato 

Most humble & most obedient servaunt, wnTassk^t 

Edw. Nicholas. them for 

UXBRIDGE, h° ffeh': 1644. Arears. 

In the King's hand at the bottom of this Letter : 

" I should thinke, if in your priuat discourses, (I nowais meane in 
your publique meetings,) with the London Comissioners, you would 
put them in mynde that they were arrant Rebelles & that their end 
must be damnation, mine, and infamy, except they repented, & 
founde some way to free themselfes from the damnable way they 
ar in (this Treaty being the aptest) it might doe good ; & cheefly, if 
Hertford or Southampton would doe it, though I beliue it will haue 
the owen operation by any of you, well strenthened with arguments : 
but the more of you that speakes in this dialect the better : This is 
written not as your Maister but your Trend, 

C. R. 

Owld Vulpone is not of my opinion, therfor I am not confident 
concerning this postcrip, but refer my selfe to your 

the Sh. of the Exche: Office. 
353: 116: 276: 352: 225: 276: 428: 560. 
" For yo"^ sacred Ma''«." 
" Yours apostyled." 
f /e6^ 1644. 

My Le' to y« King apostyled concerning o' proceedings in y« 
Treaty at Uxbridge. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Oxford 8. Feb: 1644.* 

Nicholas, as I haue hitherto approued of your 
proceedings, so I will nott now censure them : since, 
upon the place, you may have founde such reasons 
as you haue not fully expressed to me : but, to deale 
freely, I could haue wished, that ye had used more 
reseruation concerning the Militia: for though I 
could be content to buy Peace at the rate ye haue 
sett downe, yet ye might haue reserued something to 

* The points referred to in this Letter require no historical illus- 
tration ; but the Letter itself is a remarkable document in regard to 
the private history of the Negotiations at Uxbridge, and is an impor- 
tant illustration of the views and spii'it of the King at this juncture. 


haue beene drawen on by degrees upon debates, 
w'** me thinkes is a more popular way, then coming 
at first to the height of your concessions, to leaue 
your selfes nothing but negatiues, in case they 
should make any aproaches to you: And for the tyme, 
I should thinke a much shorter tyme than three 
years were sufficient, to secure the performance of 
conditions, whereas one cannot tell how any men 
may be tempted, being so long setled in a manner in 
the Begall Power, to fynde excuses & delayes for 
the parting with it, besydes the people being once 
iuewred to that way of gouernement may not be so 
willing to retume to the owld way, as beliuing it of 
less subjection then Monarchical! : So I rest 
Your asseurcd frend, 

Charlbs R. 

If you be pressed to giue a positiue answer con- 
cerning Scotland, remember to follow the directions 
I gaue you in that particular. 

Indorsed, R. 9»/e6r. 1644. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Oxford 11 Feb. 1644. 

Nicholas, the directions I gaue you concerning 
sending to Muntrose, I meane only should extend to 
those things w'''' meerly concerne Scotland, so if that 
wer the only case, it would be no hinderance to you 
for what concernes the Militia : but I doe not yet 
conceaue, how I can giue way, that ether of my 
Kingdomes should haue a hand in the gouernement 
of the other, without breache of trust to eather : yet 
in this I doe not so restraine you (so that ye still 
keepe the number, that I shall nominat, at least 
equall to the other, & enlarge upon no other points) 
but leaue it to your discretions what to doe, in case 
you shall fynde a Peace may be gotten by it : But as 
for those things w'^'' meerly concerne Scotland, I 
sticke close to my former order of sending to 


Muntrose, not being ashamed to auow that I shall 
be much guyded by what I shall heare from him, & 
should be much more ashamed to treate in those 
things, without at least comunicating with him, Avho 
hath hazarded so freely and generously for me. 
Your asseured frend, 

Charles R. 


noffebr. 1644. R. 12. 

His Ma*'«' conc''ning Scotland. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Nicholas, concerning the answers to the King of 
Denmarke & D: of Courland, Digby shall giue you 
my directions. As for the draught of the paper 
for Mondayes conference, 1 lyke it well, & for the 
critesisme I haue made upon it for the change of the 
tence, is only that ye should seeme to agree con- 
cerning the Militia of Scotland, before that of Eng- 
land were setled : lyking so well what ye haue alreddy 
done touching that article, that I command you not 
to vary a jott from the substance of it, unlesse it (be) 
to enlarge my power, or shorten the tyme : as con- 
cerning a safe-conduct for a messenger to Scotland, 
I meerly intend it for those things, w"'' only con- 
cernes that kingdome : to w'''' I am still constant, 
leauing you to your Christian hberty, to what shall 
reciprocally concerne both ; but, by your fauors, I 
understand not, how any demand can breake off a 
treaty, indeed insisting upon some, may doe prittely 
that way. At this tyme I haue no more to say: 
but, goe not a title lesse concerning Religion & 
Churche-gouernement, & soe I rest 

Your asseured friend, 

Charles R. 

Oxford \6 ffeh : 1644. 
R: Wffebr. 1644. 

The King concerning the Scots being [included] for the Militia 
of England. 


(A Fragment.) 

Oxford 17 Feb. 1644. 

Memoriall for Se: Nicholas concerning the Treaty 
at Vxbridge. 

1. First for Religion & Churche Gouemement, I 
will not goe one jott further, than what is offered by 
you alreddy. 

2. And 80 for the Militia, more then what ye 
haue alowed by me : but, euen in that, ye must 
obserue, that I must haue free nomination of the fall 
halfe ; as, if the totall number Scots and all, bee 
Thirty, I name Fiueteene ; yet if they (I meane the 
Enghshe Rebelles) will be so base as to admitt of 
Ten Scots, to Twenty Englishe, I am content to 
name Fine Scots and Tenn Englishe : and so pro- 
portionably to any nomber that shall be agreede on. 

3. As for gaining of particular Persons : besydes 
Securitie, I giue you power, to promis them Re- 
wards for performed seruices, not sparing to egage 
(engage) for places, so they be not of great trust, 
or to be taken away from honnest men in possession : 
but as much profitt as you will : with this last, you 
ar only to acquaint Richemond, Southampton, 
Culpeper, & Hyde. 

Indorsed, << R. 11° ffehr : 1644. The Kings Memoriall concerning 
Religion and Militia during y* Treaty at Uxbridge." 

The Kitiff to Prince Rupert. 

TiCKNILL* 14 JWM 1644. 

First I must congratulate with you, for yo' good 
successes, assuring you, that the things themselues 
are no more welcom to me, then that you are the 

♦ Tickenhall, near Bewdley. Whilst Charles was here, he paid a 
formal visit to Bewdley, the Corporation having previously met to 
determine upon the mode of receiving the Royal visit. The charges 
are entered upon the Town Books ; and it appears that the sum of 
two shillings was expended in repairing the Corporation Pew in the 


meanes. I know the importance of supplying you 
with powder, for wh"'' I haue taken all possible wayes, 
have sent both to Ireland & Bristol!. As from 
Oxford this bearer is well satisfyd that it is impossible 
to haue at present, but if he tell you that I may 

Church, and sixpence for sweeping out that sacred edifice ; making 
in all the grand total of two shillings and sixpence sterling. 

In a very minute account of the King's aflFairs at this period, 
written by Sir Edward Walker, Garter King at Arms, and preserved 
in the Harleian Collection, No. 4229, it is stated that the King arrived 
at Bewdley on the r2th ; after having made that very arduous and 
judicious retreat from Oxfordshire, in which he evaded the pursuit of 
both Essex and Waller, by forced marches over the country between 
Witney and Worcester, along what was afterwards the Cheltenham 
road. The march upon Bewdley is said by Sir Edward to have 
been made with the intent of saving Worcester from a siege, of 
drawing Waller further from London, and also of enticing him into 
a difficult country, where the King's army, then without artillery or 
heavy baggage, might obtain considerable advantage over him. Waller, 
however, avoided the western side of the Severn, and fixed his head- 
quarters at Bromsgrove, contenting himself with advancing a small 
body of horse to Kidderminster, the " Foreign " of which town, as it 
is called, reaches to the eastern end of Bewdley Bridge. The King's 
foot were all in Bewdley on the 14th, and the horse quartered along 
the Severn towards Bridgenorth. 

The King was so much aware of the delicacy of his situation at this 
moment, that on the day preceding the date of the letter in the text, 
he had formed a Council of War, directing them to meet every day 
and report their proceedings in respect to forming a plan of retreat, 
either into Wales or upon Shrewsbury ; and on this day the Council 
and King determined to retreat back to Worcester, and so on to 
Evesham. He was closely followed by Waller ; but, immediately 
after this date, eluded him so far as to reach Daventry before him, 
and finally he defeated Waller at Cropredy bridge on the 29th of June. 

At the date of his letter the King had got intelligence that York 
was besieged by the Scottish army (just before the battle of Marston 
Moor), and that the Scots had been also joined by Fairfax and Lord 
Manchester. This fact explains the military orders given in it, which 
are perfectly in consonance with the existing accounts of Prince Rupert's 
conduct previous to that battle. It may be remarked, however, that 
Bulstrode, as well as others, brings an accusation against Rupert for 
fighting the Parliamentary forces after raising the siege ; but the express 
words of the King imply a desire not only for the relief of York, but 
also for a battle with the enemy ; else why did he allude to "beating the 
Rebel armies " as a means of enabling him to spin out time ? This is a 
most important fact in the history of the Civil Wars ; for the Marquis 
of Newcastle, and other general officers, were so disgusted with the 
Prince for fighting against or without orders, as they supposed, that 


spare them from hence, I leaue you toiudge, hauing 
but 36 left : but what I can get from Bristoll (of 
w'*' there is not much certainty, it being threatned 
to be besieged) you shall haue. 

But now I must giue you the trew state of my 
afl'aires, w'^'' if their condic'on be such as enforces 
me to giue you more peremptory com'ands then I 
would willingly doe, you must not take it ill. If 
York be lost, I shall esteeme my Crowne little 
lesse, vnless supported by yo' suddain march to mee, 
& a miraculous conquest in the south, before the 
eflfects of the northern power can be found here : 
but if York be relieved, and you beat the Rebels 
armies of both kingdomes w'*' are before it ; then, 
but otherwise not, I may possibly make a shift 
(vpon the defensive) to spin out time, vntill you 
come to assist me : Wherefore I command and con- 
iure you by the duety & aflfecc'on w'=^ I know you 
beare me, that (all new enterprises layd aside) you 
immediatly march (according to yo' first intention) 
with all yo' force to the reliefe of York : but if that 
be either lost, or haue freed themselves from the 
besiegers, or that for want of powder you cannot 
vndertake that work : that you immediately march 
with your whole strength to "Worster, to assist me 
and my army, without w'^'', or yo' having releived 
York by beating the Scots, all the successes you can 
afterwards haue, most infallibly wilbe vselesse vnto 
me. You may beleive that nothing but an extreme 
necessity could make me write thus vnto you, where- 
fore, in this case, I can no wayes doubt of your 
punctuall comphance with 

Yo' loving Oncle & most faithfull friend, 

Charles R. 

I commanded this bearer to speake to you con- 
cerning Vauasor. 

they left England immediately, going to Hamborgb, and thereby the 
whole of the north was lost to the King's cause. The letter in the 
text is a copy, but it presents no material discrepancy from the 
original, which has since been printed in Mr. Foster's Statesmen of 
the CommontoeaUhf YoL ir. pp. 129, 130. 


At aCouncell at Oxford, 5° December 1644. Present 

The Kings most excellent Ma'"", 
Prince Rupert Lo: Chamberlaine 

Prince Maurice Ea: of Berks 

Lord Keeper Ea: of Sussex 

Lord Treasurer Ea: of Chichester 

Lo: Duke of Richmond Lo: Digby 
Lo: Marq* Hertford Lo: Seymour 
Lo: Great ChamVlaine Lo: Culpeper 
Ea: of South'ton Mr. Secretary Nicholas. 

Mr. Chanc' of y' Excheq'. 

A Letter being then read written by y^ Earle of 
Essex to his Highness Prince Rupert General! of his 
Ma*"' Armyes in these words, 

There being a message sent from his Ma*'^ by y^ 
Committess of both kingdomes that were lately at 
Oxon concerning a safe-conduct for y" Duke of 
Richmond &. E. of South'ton without any direc'con: 
I am commanded by both Houses of Parliament to 
give yo"" Highnesse notice. That if y^ King bee 
pleased to desire a safe conduct for y^ Duke of 
Richmond & y* Ea: of South'ton w"" their attendants 
from y* Lords and Commons assembled in y^ Parliam* 
of England at Westminster, to bring to y* Lords and 
Commons assembled in y*" Parliament of England, 
and y^ Commission" of y*" kingdome of Scotland now 
at London, an answere to the Propositions presented 
to his Ma*'* for a safe and well grounded peace, it 
shalbee graunted. — This is all I haue at present to 
trouble youre Highnesse, being 

Yo' Highness humble Servant, 

3" Becenib. 1644. 

Which Letter and y* expressions therein being^ 
fuUy considered & debated, it was by the whole 
Councell vnanimously resolved, That his Ma*'" desire 


of a safe -conduct in y« terraes expressed in that 
Letter, would not bee any acknowledgment or con- 
cession of y* members of y* two Houses sitting at 
Westminster to bee a Parliament, nor any wayes 
prejudice bis ^lajesties cause. 

Whereupon his Ma*** declaring openly at y' Board, 
that since such was their Lo*" opinion, that hee did 
therefore and {eo animo) consent thereunto. And 
accordingly his Ma''* desired his Highnesse Prince 
Rupert, as his Ma"" Generall, to retorne this 
answere : 

" My Lord, 
I am commanded by his Ma*** to desire of yo' Lo*" 
a safe-conduct for the Duke of Richmond and the 
Ea: of SoutVton w"* their attendants, coaches and 
horses, and other accomodac'ons for their journey in 
their coming to London, during their stay, and in 
their returne when they shall thinke fit from y* 
Lords and Commons assembled in y* Parliament of 
England at Westminster, to bring to y' Lords and 
Commons assembled in y* Parliament of England 
and y* Commission" of y* Parliament of Scotland 
now at London an answere to y* propositions pre- 
sented to his Ma*'*" for a safe and well-grounded peace. 

Yo' Lo"" Servant, 


Oxoit. 5'* Decemhr, 1644. 

Which said answer was accordingly sent to London 
by a Trumpeter. 

Edw. Nicholas. 

The following is in the hand of Sir E. N. 

Memorandum : that the King and myself of all 
the Councell Boorde were the only persons that 
concurred not in opinion ; that it was fitt to call 
those sitting at Westm' a Parliam'. P. Rupert thoughe 
he were p'sent did not vote, because he was to execute 
what should be resolved on by this Councell ; but by 
the orderr & practice of the Councell Boorde, if the 


maior part agree to any act or order, all the Coun- 
cellors that were p^sent att the debate, albeit they 
dissented are involved, and are to be named as if they 
consented. — E. N. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Hemly Hall,* 16 May, 1645. 

IS^ichoIas, I haue receaued, & thanke you for your 
seuerall dispaches, but haue no newes to send you in 
recompence to yours, nor expect to sende you any 

sum'on Chester 

untill we shall come to 488 : 338 : w''' is our first 


361 : being not yet resolued whether to goe after- 
ward : t I am glad you goe so well on w"' your 


448 : 54 : 74 : & hope you will take as great care 
that you be not disturbed by mutinous people : this 
is all at this tyme from 

Your most asseured frend, 

Charles K,. 

Crown L'j c o n t 

Let hencefoorthe 337 . signefy 1 : 40 : 30 : 70 : 

rib ut ion I'ortland 

33 : 23 : 50 : 71 : 24 : 40 : 31 : 73 : & 447 : 74 : 

47 : 10 : 4^8 : 25 : 53 : 72 : 75. 

Being newly come hither to Bisberry,J I haue 
certaine intelligence that S"^ John Pryce, being 
Gouernor & in Mungomery Castell, is declared, & 
houlds it for me. 

16° MaijlUb. R: 21°. 
The King to me. 

* In Staffordshire, the seat of Lord Dudley. 

-|" On the day following the date of this Letter measures were 
taken by the Parliament for the siege of Oxford ; the Commons, on 
the 1 7th of May, sending a message to the Upper House, to let their 
Lordships know " that the House of Commons, out of a desire to put 
an ejid to this miserable war, do think it fit that siege be laid to the 
City of Oxford, for the taking it, it being the centie of our troubles." 

J Bibury iu Oxfordshire. 



The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Chsttvin, 18 May 1645. 

I receaued yours of the 16. this morning, to \f'^ I 
haue litle to answer but to thanke you for your often 
aduerticements,* & to tell the Marquis Winchester 
that he recompence his woode losse out of Wallops :t 
for newes I refer you to your fellow Secretair & frend, 
the generall being, that we are (God be thanked) all well 
& in hart, the Rebelles hauing twyce offered to beate 
up some of our quarters, but w*"" losse to themselues : 
I desyre to know how you goe on in your recuting 
[recruiting] & fortefications, as well as you haue 
satisfied me concerning your prouisions : So desyring 
you to send thease inclosed to 454 : I rest 
Your most asseured frend, 

Charles R. 

(Address) "for your selfe." 

Indorsed ; 18° Maij. 1645. R. 2P. The King to me. 

T%e King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

WisTON,J 4 June 1G45. 

Nicholas, I haue receaued yours, of the 30 : May, 
this morning, none of yours hauing yet miscarried : 


but I would not answer any of them rayselfe 292 : 

* It would seem to have been also the King's intention about 
this time to liave done more for his secretary tlian mere thanks ; 
for in a letter to the Queen, dated on the 27th of March, intercepted 
and published by the Parliament, he says, " As for Jack Barclay, I 
do not remember that I gave thee any hope of making him Master 
of the Wards ; for Cottington had it long before . thou went hence, 
and I intended it to Seer. Nich. if he then would have received it ; 
and I am deceived if I did not tell thee of it." 

t Evidently in reference to the sequestrations inflicted upon that 

J There are several places of this name ; but it seems probable 
that the Wiston here meant is in Nottingliamshirc. 




I were marching towards 

287 : 177 : 307 : 222 : 182 : 273 : 36 : 10 : 33 : 20 

you w'hout any thing 

53 : 73 : 313 : 75 : 298 : 232 : thinking of 92 : 285 

else before I baue 

74 : 44 : 4 : 54 : 45 : 76 : 105 : 134 : 46 : 77 : 177 

ed you j-et I must 

157 reliu 133 : 78 : 313 : 312 : 177 : 212 : deale 

freely W" you that my army 

376 : 203 : 79 : 298 : 313 : 283 : 17 : 84 : 83 : 325 : is 

being not 4000 foote 

SO weake (105 : 182 : 226 : 70 : 80 : 143 : 497 : 375 : 

& scarce horse 

93 : 81 : 55 : 112 : 53 : 45 : 82 : 350O : 174 : 73 :) 

as I shall vn 

95 : 177 : 74 : 54 : 14 : 11 : 4 : 6 : 73 : 292 : 

to rcliue 

-wimngly hazard 273 : 33 : 46 : 5 : 23 : 60 : 57 : 

Oxon before Lo. Goring • or Garrarde 

436 : 105 : 134 : 382 : 234 : 75 : 7 : 12 : 34 : 33 : 

be joyned to me 

44 : 105 : 76 : 184 : 31 : 45 : 21 : 273 : 221 : except 

an absolute 

such 13 : 32 : 77 : 10 : 50 : 53 : 40 : 4 : 61 : 70 : 46 

necessity that 

78 : 32 : 57 : 1 : 44 : 54 : 55 : 45 : 71 : 85 : 283 

Oxon wilbe lost if not 

436 : 305 : 105 : 79 : 4 : 42 : 53 : 72 : 183 : 226 

by such a day, wherfore as 

70 : 78 : reliued 106 : 267 : 11 : 123 : 302 : 134 : 97 

you love my 

313 : 5 : 43 : 63 : 44 : 80 : 18 : 86 : 81 : 243 

p«servation ' use 

54 : 45 : 33 : 62 : 1 1 : 70 : 185 : 82 : 291 : 46 : 83 

• Goring at this time was engaged in the siege of Taunton, and 
had been ordered, as Bulstrode asserts, by letters from the King, to 
quit that place and join his Majesty, who was afraid, shortly before the 
battle of Naseby, that the enemy might prove too powerful for him. 
Bulstrode says that he wrote the General's reply, in which Charles 
was urged to act upon the defensive until Taunton should be taken ; 
but he hints some strong suspicions of Goring being actuated 
by sinister views. The whole passage is curious. See Bulstrode's 
Memoirs, p. 124. Edit. 1721. 



of prolonging vo' 

all possible meanes 233 : 244- : 196 : 182 : 314 

piMviaiona tliuugh it b« bv chasing 

4iS : 55 : 77 : 28G : 178 : 105 : 106 : 78 : 2 : 14 

out all people 

13 : 54 : 182 : 232 : 90 : unnecessary 47 : 44 : 40 

who hnue not prouision 

48 : G : 45 : 304 : 157 : 22<5 : 71 : 79 : 44S : 134 

for thcuisclvca tc ntinting 

281 : 19 : 53 : 4G : 5 : 57 : 54 : 74 : 93 : 75 : 55 

D. of 

70 : 24 : 80 : 71 : 182 : euery one (117 : 233 : 512 

'\'orko not rd to a small 

226 : 72 : except 133) 273 : 73 : 10 : 74 : 53 : 17 

proportion of 

11:4: 4i : 77 : 244 : 47 : 40 : 33 : 70 : 185 : 78 

nioate euery Any 

233 : 221 : 12 ': 71 : 45 : 79 : 129 : 86 : 80 : 123 

& doe not me to you 

93 : 118 : 45 : 226 : 72 : 81 : hasten 221 : 273 : 313 

w*K)ut very very 

298 : 232 : 294 : 74 : 60 : 44 : 33 : 84 : 74 : absolute 

necessity for 

30 : 46 : 3 : 43 : 53 : 55 : 23 : 70 : 85 : 83 : 73 

upon the faith of a 

134 : 293 : 235 : 281 : 137 : 233 : 75 : 10 : 76 : 1 

CbrUtlan noe tymc 

14 : 33 : 23 : 53 : 70 : 24 : 11 : 30 : 77 : 226 : 498 

be lost for yo' fniceour 

shall 105 : 78 : 5 : 40 : 54 : 72 : 134 : 314 : 488 : 78 

how Boone it may l)e 

16 : 41 : 36 : 266 : 235 : 45 : 79 : 178 : 209 : 105 

donne w* any of not 

121 : 298 : 92 : probability 233 : 226 : 71 : 73 

hazarding like 

16 : 12 : 56 : 13 : 34 : 20 : 182 : 199 : 77 : mad 

I Rtay at 

men; which 177 : shall 55 : 72 : 10 : 86 : 94 

Harboro (w'' is mv 

74 : 15 : 11 : 34 : 50 : 43 : 35 :^9 : (299 : 178 : 17 

morrows march) some tyme to 

84 : 216 : 41 : 38 : 55 : 222 :) 262 : 498 : 273 : 75 


atber up & to malce 

8 : 12 : 281 : 34 : 293 : straglers 93 : 273 : 2] 9 : 

provision to supply you for this service 

448 : 273 : 486 : 313 : 134 : 90 : 282 : 318 : & then 

march faster or 

wee shall 222 : 76 : 64 : 11 : 53 : 70 : 44 : 33 : 234 : 


77 : 54 : 5 : 42 : 307 : according to intelligence. So 
I rest 

Your most asseured frend, 

Chakles R. 

Indorsed, 4° Juni) 1645, " the Kk to me." 

*»* The deeyphering is iu the liand-writing of Sir Edward Nicholas. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Daintry, 9 June 1645. 

I have receaued so many letters from you, that I 
beliue none of them ar miscaried/'' & this morning 
one from you of the 7. & w"* it one of the same date 
from all my Comissioners except Southampton and 
Dorset by w""* I perceaue they were not so much 
stressed by the siege as the rest : but the cheefe end 
of this is, by you to send this inclosed to 454 : tell 


394 : that I have receaued 165 of the ^^; of May but 
would not stay this messenger untill it was desyfered : 
I will say no more now, but if we peripatetiques get 
no more mischances then you Oxfordians t ar lyke 

* The fact is, however, that Charles's general correspondence was, 
at this time, much interrupted ; for the letter of Goring, already 
alluded to, was intercepted by Fairfax, and it was this which induced 
the parliamentary commanders to bring the King to action at Naseby, 
before he could be joined by the army from the West. 

•|- A letter written by Charles, on this day, to the Queen, was 
intercepted by the Parliament. In it he assured her that the rebels 
had been forced to raise the siege of Oxford, in consequence of his 
march after the taking of Leicester ; and that quarrels were tlien 
very frequent between Fairfax's and Cromwell's soldiers. He also 
observed that his affairs never were in so hopeful and so fair a way ; 
adding, that all he wished for, in case of ultimate success, was the 
undisturbed enjoyment of her society. 


to haue this somer, we may all expect probably a 
merry winter. So I rest 

Your most asseurcd frend, 

Charles R. 

** For your selfe." 

£>• Junij. 1645. R. 10°. His Ma"* !'«' to me. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Daintry, 11 June 1645. 
As I thanke you for aduerticing me, so I much 

at the letter & tiiesHage 

wonder 94 : 281 : 204 : 93 : 221 : 53 : 55 : 10 : 7 

w** the Lords brouRht 

44 : 73 : 299 : 281 : 406 : 54 : 74 : 50 : 33 : 40 : 60 

lue that the 

8 : 14 : 70 : 75 : 221 : for you know 283 : 281 : 351 

Conncell was nener wont 

76 : 36 : 11 : 53 : 77 : 30 : 129 : 78 : 37 : 40 : 31 

to debaite 

71 : 79 : 273 : 80 : 20 : 45 : 51 : 12 : 23 : 72 : 46 : upon 

not propounded to them 

any matter : 226 : 70 : 81 : 244 : 249 : 133 : 273 : 281 : 

by King it were 

17 : 82 : ] 06 : y* 398 : & certainely 178 : 307 : a strange 

thing if niy marching Amiy 

285 : 183 : 83 : 18 : 84 : 222 : 182 : 325 (espetially 

at the head of them 

I being 94 : 281 : 173 : 233 : 281 : 19 : and) should 

by my sitting 

be gouerned 106 : 73 : 17 : 85 : 74 : 53 : 24 : 70 : 122 : 

Councell at Oxon when 

351 : 94 : 436 : the 303 : it is scarce fitt for my selfe 

at sach a distance 

94 : 267 : 11 : 124 : 71 : 12 : 31 : 1 : 45 : to give 

positiae Order 

any 47 : 43 : 53 : 26 : 70 : 25 : 63 : 57 : 439 : & in- 

wonder that 

deed it added to my 39 : 42 : 30 : 20 : 44 : 33 : 283 , 


could not hinder 

Vulpone 109 : 226 : 7£ : 73 : 14 : 23 : 30 : 21 : 45 : 


34 : 282 : as the Gouernor tould me he did such an 

i ud i6CI*6 G to 

other 181 : 124 : 2 : 35 : 25 : 71 : 46 : 74 : 17 : 41 : 


72 : 185 : but few daves agoe : howeuer I desyre you 

the like of 

to take the best care you may that 281 : 199 : 233 : 

this be not done 

282 : 105 : 226 : 71 : 77 : 121 : with heerafter; of 
^v"^ I will say no more, hauing freely & fully spoken 

Lord Hatton 

of it to 406 : 16 : 13 : 70 : 72 : 43 : 32 : to whom I 

refer yon, & rest 

Your most asseured frend, 

Charles B,. 

The Gouernor hathe earnestly desyred me to 
thank Vulpone and your selfe for the great assistance 
ye haue giuen him in my absence, w'"'' I hartely doe, 
desyring you to continew so ; for I fynde he will 
haue need of all helpes. 

R: 14" Jwnii. 1645. The King to me concerning the I'tres sent his 
Ma''^ by the Councell when he was at Daintree. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

LuBNAM,* 13 June 1645. 

Nicholas, this is first to send this inclosed by your 

the Queene 

meanes to 70 : 454 : 240 : then to lett you know 
you ar like to heare of me tomorrow, f I marche 

• In Leicestershire. This Letter, as noted by Nicholas, was written 
on the very day before the battle of Naseby. 

+ The "inclosed" Letter is not preserved; but, on a comparison of 
dates and facts, it appears to have contained the news of the capture 
of Leicester. It was at midnight, after the letter in the text was 


Lund A bay 

to 4 : 10 : 30 : 20 : 11 : 50 : 12 : 84 : 82 : 


aaer that to 17 : 44 : 5 : 70 : 40 : 31 : & so to 


51 : 45 : : GO : 42 : 23 : 33 : but I asseure 
you that I shall looke before I leape farther 32 : 


43 : 34 : 72 : 14 : 73 : but I am going to supper, 

so I rest 

Your most asseured frend, 

Charles R. 


This was written befor tbe BaUuIe. 

" For your selfe." 

l?" Junii 1645. The King to mo before y« Battaile of Naisby. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. * 
Nicholas, I thanke you for the freedom you haue 

the ill 

used in your letters to me, & as for 281 : 23 : 4 : 

intelligence betwixt my Sold!cr.s 

G : 395 : 105 : 70 : 36 : 24 : 87 : 71 : 73 : 17 : 84 : 
484 : 53 : I beliue I haue found the bottom of it, 
& haue put such a remedy to it, as hope heere- 
after to haue little treble that way : and am con- 
written, that a Council was held in the King's tent, and a resolution 
taken to give battle ; but it also appears, by this remarkable Letter, 
that when Charles went to supper on that memorable night he had 
no intention of adopting the course which, so recommended by his 
midnight Council, ended in his entire ruin. So little had he been 
conscious of the approach of the enemy, that on the previous day he 
liad been hunting, and what he designed for the morrow (the fatal day 
of Naseby) we observe by the letter in the text. 

• This letter is without date of place ; but by means of it, and 
several of the subsequent ones, we mark the King's route between the 
battle of Naseby and his arrival at Newark ; a space of time during 
which Bulstrode describes him as " flying from place to place, not 
well knowing which way to turn himself." It is evident, notwith- 
standing, that he had specific plans in view ; on account of which 
he visited Wales, Shropshire, and afterwards Huntingdon and York- 
shire, before he proceeded to Newark. 


fident, that there is 226 : 288 : 113 : 233 : 487 : 
with 10 : 153 : 55 : 72 : 382 : 93 : 414 : 104 : 477 : 

165 : 295 : 76 : 64 : llTsO : 1 : 26 : 44 : 54 : 
for this I haue very good ground ; but now I desyre 
to know who ar the melancolly men amongst you, 
that is to say if any dispare of our business, (for we 
heere thinke that we had so much the better, as we 
might spare them thus much & yet be upon equall 


termes,) & in particular what 478 : 421 : 385 : 93 : 
406 : 54 : 45 : IS : 46 : 34 : thinkes of my present 
affaires : I haue so good hopes of my Welshe leauies 
that I dout not but (by the grace of God) to be in 
the head of a greater Army within this two monthes, 
then any I haue scene this yeare, & so I rest 
Your most asseured frend, 

Charles R. 

This is in my owld cyfer to show I haue not lost 
it j send this inclosed where you use to doe. 

" For your selfe." 

R: 8" July 1 645. The K? to me. 

Prince Rupert to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

I sent you word by Col^ Terringham that I had 
receaved your letter by this woman, so alsoe the un- 
fortunat losse of brige Watter, sence w*^** I heare noe 
sertay'ty of the Enemy's motions, there is a shippe 
landed at dartmouth laden w*'' 200 bar^ of powder 

If Fairfax advance 

and store of arms. 209 : 474 : 53 : 76 : 33 : 99 : 

speedily to us Wee shall 

10 : 40 : 343 : 40 : 225 : 347 : 363 : 369 : 28 : 87 : 

bee to quit Bath want 

97 : 110 : forced 76 : 347 : 308 : 437 : for 13 : 54 : 81 : 

of men and victualls 

50 : 278 : 248 : 100 : 616 : 30 : 527 : but if 604 : 


bee i;ivti tis ' time 

91 : 183 : 174 : 363 : 20 : 51 : 17 : 38 : 43 : 

wee doe well 

369 shaU 125 : 373 : 273 : 158 : — I heare but 

Prince Ch&rles is at 

little from G" Goring.* 544 : 280 : 207 : 101 : 

PendenoU Caatle that 

4 : 140 : 40 : 79 : 207 : 96 : 452 : it is reported 354. 

S' Jo: Berkly hath gtnen five hundred to some 

431. 190. 174. 81. 153. 204. 158. 347. 328. body 

I know for to stop Prince Charles f 

205. 218. — 148. 347. 30. 50. 27. 6. 40. 544. 

tram coming to Exeter. 

160. 119. 208. 66. 347. 470. I doubt we shall 

Sir R. Grenvileg 

shortly see the mistery of this.J 482. 353. 282. 

* Goring had been defeated by Fairfax, on the 10th of tliis month, 
at Suttonfield, near Bridgewater, which town surrendered to the 
Parliament on the 23rd. Colonel Windham, the Governor, made a 
gallant defence. It was he who, some years afterwards, when he 
assisted Charles the Second in his escape, told the King that Sir Thomas 
Ids father, in the year 1636, a few days before his death, had called 
to him his five sons, and thus addressed them : "My clnldren,we have 
seen hitherto serene and quiet times under our three last Sovereigns ; 
but I must now warn you to prepare for clouds and storms. Factions 
arise on every side, and threaten tlie tranquillity of your native 
coimtry. But whatever happen, do you faithfully honour and obey 
your Prince, and adhere to the Crown. I charge you never to for- 
sake the Crown, though it should hang upon a bush." 

f Charles (the Prince) had first been under the tuition of the 
Marquis of Newcastle, afterwards of the Marquis of Hertford ; 
also of Dr. Duppa, Bishop of Salisbury. His education, latterly, 
was at Oxford, of which University the Marquis of Hertford was 

i Berkeley was high in tlie Prince of Wales's confidence about 
the time of this " mystery : " for when Goring complained of the 
proceedings of the Prince's Council, Berkeley was sent, along with 
Sir Hugh Pollard and Colonel Ashbumham, to hold a private con- 
ference with him on the subject. 

§ Sir Richard Grenvillc was soon after proposed to command 
the foot in the army of the West, when the insubordination of the 
troops, through the misconduct of Lord Wentworth, rendered new 
arrangements absolutely necessary. But Grenville, contrary to 
expectation, refused to act ; and he was therefore sent prisoner to 
the Castle iu Mount's Bay, where he remained until the successes 
of the Parliament army in that quarter induced the Prince, lest he 


J* only souldier in the West is 

225. 594. 208. 353. 371. 207. 76. discontented 78. 

& is at his owne house 

40. 77. 90. 100. 207. 101. 184. 284. 85. 24. 33. 28. 

y King will doe I know 

43. w'^'' he Tvill defend. What 499. 371. 125. 205. 

not. Lo: Digbv s woi-d (part erased) I shall 

218. 267. 456. send. 28. 13. 76. 40. or 205. 30. 85. 

as on as some 

97. 108. 102. so 2. 82. 90. 102. 328. speculation 

s are brought to 

30. 20. 31. 98. 71. 44. 24. 36. Q6. 87. 50. 20. 347. 


301. 16. 40. 10. 50. 211. 604. 341. Pray god this 
prove well. Just as I am -writing I heare that 280. 

the Scots Army is past betweene 

353. 592. 427. 207. 4. 102. 50. 20. 110. 50. 369. 

Jlonmouth & 

80. 40. 37. 24. 81. 39. 27. 36. 51. 87. 90. 97. 


53. 61. 44. 177. 41. 94. 31. this inclosed is conserning 
the commissioners of asseise, whoe are soe bond up 
by the members att Oxford that noe thing canbe 
issued w'^'out their consent ; if they were but soe farr 
trusted as that, in such case as now we are in, (when 
we need powder and provisions) monys might be 
issued from thence to such uses as shall be most 
necessary for his Ma*'*" service in the guarison, I shall 
be accountable that none shall be desired by me 
w*out there be a great necessity. I pray lettme 
have a speedy answer, w*'*' will infenetly oblige 
Your most faithfull frend, 

Bristol, 27 of July. 
27° July 1645. Rec. 31. Pr<^' Rupert to me. 

should fall into their hands, to permit him to transport himself to the 


Prince Rupert to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

As I told you our resolution in my last by the 

we are red to nath. The King 

woman 369 : 98. for-13S. 347. 308. 437. 499. in- 

for desicjne: 

tends 148. 592. a fine 459. you may be sure that 
I have hand in it, for I have this from others : this 
is alle our news : pray write often to us ; I have 
reeeavcd but one expresse from you, the rest were 
bv messengers of mv owne. So I rest 

Yo' most faithfull frend, 


Bristoll 29'* of July. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Cardife a Aug. 1645. 

Nicholas, hauing comanded your fellow Secre- 
tary* to giue you a full accont as well of our pro- 
ceedings heere, as resolutions ; I will nether trouble 
you nor my selfe with repetitions : only for my selfe 
I must desyre you to lett euery one know, that no 
distresse of fortune whatsoeuer shall euer make me 
(by the grace of God) in any thing receade from 
those grounds I laved douue to you, who Mere my 
Comissioners at Uxbridge ; & w*''' (I thanke them) 
the Rebelles haue published in print : & though I 
could haue wished that paines had beene spaired, yet 
I will nether deny that those things ar myne, w*^** 
they haue sett out in my name, (only some words 
heere & there mistaken, & some commas misplaced, 
but not much materiall) nor, as a good Protestant, or 
honnest man, blushe for any of those papers ; indeed, 
as a discreet man, I will not justefy my selfe : & yet 
I would faine know him, who would be willing that 
the freedome of all his priuat letters were publiquely 

• Lord Digby. 


scene, as myne haue now beene ; howsoeuer, so that 
one clause be rightly understood, I care not much 
though the rest take theire fortunes ; it is, concern- 
ing the Muugrill Parlament: the trewth is, that 
Sussex * factiousness, at that tyme, put me some- 
what out of patience, w"'' made me freely vent my 
displeasure against those of his party to my A^'^yfe, 
& the intention of that phrase was, that his faction 
did what they could to make it come to that, by 
theire raising and fomenting of basse propositions: 
this is cleerely euidenced by my following excuse to 
her for suffring those people to trouble her, the 
reason being, to eschew those greater inconueniences 
w"'' they had & wer more lykly to cause heere, then 
there. I am going to supper, so I rest 

Your most asseured frend, 

Charles R. 

I have reaued (received) your new cyfer as for 

my (erased) in that 

example, 224: 302: 181: 17G : 276: 14: 54: 11 
308 : 216 : 17 : 1 : 181 : 72 : 232 : 18 : 35 : 2 : 50 
151: 51: 60: 316: 110 : 168 : Husbands 346 

comaund v^ you are to use to 

398 : 316 : 98 : 290 : 295 : 86 : 70 : according 290 : 

the nature of the thing. 

277 : 225 : 19 : 43 : 3 : 37 : 80 : 231 : 277 : 280 : 

Indorsed, Cardiff 4° Aug: 1645. R. 10. The King to me con- 
cerning the Mungrill P'liam't. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Bridgbnorthe, 9 Aur/.- 1645. 

Nicholas, this morning I receaued yours of the 
30: July, w'^ requyres no answer but thank es for your 
often aduertisments : & particularly for those w*^'' ar 
of most freedome, in answer to w"^ I shall desyre you, 


(with the like freeness) to take heed that 358 : 51 : 
* Thomas Lord Saville, recently created Earl of Sussex. 


friends make not most of suspicion 

376 : 53 : 210 ; 229 : 17 : 50 : 220 : 231 : 277 : 511 

(erased) for I cannot con 

against 401 : 147 : 174 : 111 : 229 : IS : 115 : ceale 

ttom you that Dlgby (oraseU) 

148 : 316 : 276 : 358 : 39 : 31 : 19 : 35 : 53 : * perfect!} 

and all tlint are bclccved to be 

453 : 90 : 94 : 276 : 98 : 104 : 202 : S3 : 290 : 104 

his friends that there 

170 : particular 376 : 52 : & I asseur you 270 : 277 

is no dispatcli 

1 : 36 : 60 : 181 : 229 : 124 : 72 : 32 : 17 : 01 : 41 

yet como to me from 

315 : 116 : 290 : 213 : 14S : 401 : For newes, I refer 
you to your frends, only I must tell you that to 

Liclificld & soe to 

morrow I intend to march to 403 : 9G : 266 : 290 

Newarke y« next day ; but if y« Irish 

437 : 277 : 227 : 524 : 109 : 175 : 277 : 78 : 2 : 79 

be come tlieii 

51 : 42 : 104 : 116 : of w""'' I haue good hope 277 

I turns to Chester 

27 : 174 : shall 17 : 43 : 3 : 28 : 37 : 290 : 340. My 
last was from Cardife, w"^ was written in such haste 
that I forgot to bid you send me word {w"^ now I 
earnestly desyre you not to forget to doe) how my 
printed letters ar, & haue been^ sensured at Oxford, 
by the seuerall sorts of people, according to theire 
dyuerse humors ; this is all at this tyme from 
Your most asseured frend, 

Charles R. 

In the voide place of your last cyfer at the end of 
the W' of the hindermost alfabet I haue filled it, 
with the word want : lykewais the two others at the 
end of the Y' with yesternight & yonda\ 

&> Aug: 1645. R. 16°. The King to me from Bridgenorth. 

• These figures are decyphered by Sir Edward Nicholas, but 
erased with a pen ; yet may in part be restored. 


The King to Sir Edivard Nicholas. 

DoNCASTER, 18 Aug: 1645. 

Nicholas, I haue sent this bearer expressly to giue 
you a particular account of my present condition, w*^'' 
considering what it was at the beginning of this 
monthe, is now (I thanke God) miraculously good ; 
and indeed the gentlemen in thease partes showes 
themselfes really affectionat & harty in my service : 
acting cherfully (without any grumbling) what I 
desyre. Now I expect, not only that (lyke ants) you 
haue plentifully prouyded your selfes for winter, but 
lykewais that you so recrute your selfes in men & 
armes, that it may be a lusty stocke for a next years 
army : Sol rest. 

Your asseured frend, 

Charles R. 

As I haue com'aded my Sone to comend me to all 
the Laydis, so you must to all the Lords my frend s, 
& particularly to Vulpone, & tell the Gouernor that 
he has forgotten that he sent me a cyfer. 

DoNCASTER 18" Aug. 1645. R. 23. The King to me. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

HuNTiNGTODNE 25 Aug: 1645. 

Nicholas, I haue this morning receaued yours of 
the 13: Aug: with fower printed Oxford Papers 
concerning my published Letters, & am glad to 
fynde that you there make so faire (indeed just, as 
concerning my religion, kingdomes & frends) an 
interpretation of them, & particularly that you 
haue so great a confidence in my constancy to my 
just cause : and now me thinkes I wer too blame if 


I did not justifie the trewth of your opinions con- 
cerning me, by my owen declaration, w*"** is this, 
tliat let my condition be neuer so low, my successes 
neuer so ill, I resolue (by the grace of God) neuer to 
yeald up this Church to the gouernemeut of Papists, 
Presbiterians, or Independants, nor to injure my 
successors, by lessniug the Crowen of that ecclesias- 
ticall & militarj' power w''' my predecessors left me, 
nor forsake my freuds, much lesse to lett them suffer 
when I doe not, for theire faithfulnesse to me, 
resoluing sooner to hue as miserable as the violent 
rage of successfuU insulting llcbells can make me 
(w*** I esteme far worse than death) rather then not 
to be exactly constant to thease grounds ; from w''', 
whosocuer, upon whatsoeuer occasion, shall persuade 
me to receade in the least title, I shall esteeme him 
ether a foole or a knaue ; but you will aske me, 
Quorsum hoc? Yes, for withoiit this warning, the 
tender person all affection of some might giue me 
troblesome aduyce, & yet not blameable, consider- 
ing the present condition of my affaires, & not 
knowing this my resolution, w*^** I comand you to 
publishe to all whom their quality or judgement 
makes fitt for such dicourses, & so I rest. 
Your most asseured frend, 

Chakles B. 

You may say confidently, & giue me for author, 
that the peace of Irland is concluded, not yet knowing 
the particular conditions. 

25 Aug: 1645. The King to me from Huntington, containing Iiis 
resoluc'on never to quit j* Chuivlj Gouerucnient, his friends, or to 
diininishe the Crowne of that miUtary or eccl'all power vc^^ was lelt 
liim b^ his p'dccessors. 


The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Raqland * 9 Sep. 1645. 

Nicholas, I receaued yesterday bothe of your 
letters (for I perceaue by their markes, that you 
haue yet written no more) with the advertisments 
from London, w'"" as you say is Teorthy my notice, 
but without considering make this answer, that the 
just contrary, concerning the new discouery of my 
Com'ission in a letter to the two Queenesf about the 
Irishe Papists, is trew : for indeed that roag Hartogen 
made such a foolishe proposition, but it Avas flatly 
denyed by me, & (if my memory much faile me not) 
my Wyfe tooke occasion upon some clause in my 
answer, wherby it semed to her (in w"^ she was 
mistaken) as if I thought she had lyke the proposi- 
tion, to disclaime any parte in it (so far from 
aprobation) but only the transmitting of it to me, 
v/"^ certainly was not fitt for her to refuse : & this 
(with many other ansome expressions of her affection 
to me, euen to the ventring of being thought a 
Protestant in condemning the Irish proceedings) was, 
as I beliue, in that letter w'^'' Tom Elliot deliuered 
me from her, as I was marching over Broadway Hills 
the 9 of May last ; for I am sure the most of that 
letter was concerning the Irish business, & I know 
the reason why the Rebelles haue not printed it is, 
because it cleers that point more then any of those 
betweene vs, x^"^ are published : That all this is 
trew, & that the Rebelles haue all this under my 
Wyfes hand & myne, I comand you to aflBrme 
positiuely in my name upon all occasions of this 
subject : but it is possible that all I mention to be, 
is not in the letter Tom Elliot brought me (though I 
am sure most is), but then it is in some other. So 

* The King's adventures at this old castle are too well known to 
require illustration. 

f Queen Henrietta Maria, and her mother the Queen of France 
the widow of Henry IV. 

VOL. rv". IC 


you see cleerly the trewth of this business, by y/'^, if 
it be brought to light, (w'"'' I comand you to eudeuor, 
"with all possible industry) I must haue honnor ; for 
where my owen justifies me (w''' I am sure my Wyfe 
can produce, lett the Rebells doe what they will) 
I care not what lyers can inuent in this kynde. For 
what else remaines unanswered in your two letters I 
refer you to your fellow Secretaiy, & rest 
Your most asseured frend, 

Charles R. 

R. 24<» 5i(!p*~,164S. His Ma"" le' to me that y« Rebells have not 
printed some 1" of his Ma"« & y« Queeus W"" iustiiie their Ma*'«* in 
y buseiies conc'uing Ireland. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Bridgenorthe 1 Oct. 1645. 

Nicholas, none of your letres haue hitherto 
miscarried, this day having receaued the 12^ by 
"Wytefoord, & shall at this tyme, more insist upon 
telling you of my desynes & giuing you directions, 
then in answers, hauing comanded your fellow 
Secretary to supply that : first then, (that you may 
know whither to send to me) I intend my course 


towards 437 ; where I shall take further resolutions 


according to occasion : Vnderstanding that 224 : 

hone under Lo: Goring 

173 : 293 : 83 : 36 : 3 : 380 : is lykely to be eather 

beaten or starued 

14 : 37 : 32 : 17 : 38 : 27 : 242 : 53 : 19 : 32 : 2 : 43 : 

where they are 

36 : 84 : 307 : 277 : 47 : 20 : 98 : I haue command 

him to broake thronghe to 

169 : 290 : 14 : 2 : 36 : 33 : 62 : 37 : 60 : 283 : 290 : 

me passe by or neere Oxon 

213 : now they must 238 : 110 : 232 : 226 : 433 : 
wherfor my plasure is, that you take that oportunety 

to send D. of Yorke to me 

290 : 264 : 125 : 231 : 541 : 290 : 213 : for since it 


yeelde townes basely * 

is the fashion to 314 : 17 : 5i : 68 : 27 : 35 : 52 : 70 : 


14 : 33 : 52 : 36 : 207 : none can blame me to 43 : 35 : 

my cliildren 

27 : 19 : 41 : 3 : 224 : 59 : 39 : 79 : 4 : 84 : 2 : 36 : 

in an array rather then 

27 : 176 : 95 : 323 : 47 : 90 : 2 : 33 : 277 : 3 : 18 : 39 : 

to be besieged 

36 : 27 : 290 : 104 : 60 : 16 : 36 : 52 : 38 : 78 : 24 : 
127 : I haue no more to say but that I approue of 
all your aduyses in your last, & meanes to follow 

tlie Qiieene of England 

them : one of thease inclosed is for 247 : 231 : 363 : 
the other speakes it selfe. So I rest 

Your most asseured frend, 

Charles R. 

" For your selfe." 

]" Octo'"' 1645. His Ma''"' to me concerning sending y« D. of 
Yorke to him by Lo: Goring. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

When you shall have considered the strange and 
most inexcusable deliverye vpp of the Castle and 
Fort of Bristoll,t and compared it with those many 
precedinge aduertisments w'''' have been giuen mee, 
I make noe doubt, but you and all my Counsell there 
will conclude that I could doe noe lesse, then what 
you will finde heere inclosed, in my care of the pre- 
seruation of my Sonne, of all you my faithfuU 
servaunts ^ere, and of that importaunt place, my 
Citty of Oxford. In the first place you will finde a 
coppy of my letter to my nephew ; secondly, a reuo- 
cation of his commission of Generally thirdlye, a 
warrant to Lieutenant Coll' Hamilton to exercise the 

* Tliis evidently refers to the King's displeasure against Prince 
Rupert for the loss of Bristol, 
t Alluded to in the preceding letter. 

U 2 


charge of Lieutenant Gouernor of O.tford in Sir 
Thomas Glemhams* absence; fourthly, a warrant 
to the sayd Lieutenant Colonell Hamilton to appre- 
hend the person of Will: Legge t present Gouernour 
of Oxford ; and lastlye, a warrant to be directed to 
what person sliall bee thought fittest for the appre- 
hendinge my Nephew Rupert, in case of such 
extreamitye as shall bee hereafter specifyed, and not 
otherwise. As for the circumstances and the timiuge 
of the execution of all these particulars, as farr forth 
as they may admitt of some howres delay more or 
lesse, I must referr it to my Lord Treasurers | care 
and yours to aduise of, vpon the place, how it may 
be done with most securitye, and accordinglye to 
direct the manner of proceedinge. But yett I 
shall tell you my opinion as farr forth as I can judge 
at this distance, vf'^ is, that you should beginne with 
securing the person of Will: Legge, before any thing 
be declared concerninge my Nephew. But that once 
done, then the sooner you declare to the Lords both 
the revokinge of my Nephews commission, and my 
makiuge S' Thomas Glemham Gouernour of Oxford, 
the better. As for the deliuery of my letter to my 
Nepheu, if hee bee at Oxford, I take the proper time 
for that to be as soone as possiblye may bee after 
the securinge of Will: Legge. But if my Nepheu 
be not there, I would then haue you hasten my 
letter unto him, and in the meane time putt the 
rest in execution. 

The warrant for my Nephews commitment is 
onlye that you may haue the power to doe it, if in 

* The King appears to Iiave reposed great confidence in Sir Thomas 
Glemham, notwithstanding his surrender of Carlisle on tlie 28th of 
Jane preceding ; which, however, had not taken place till after a long 
siege, and when he had reason finally to despair of succour. Indeed 
he had distinguished himself, from the first, in the Royal Cause ; 
liaving been second in command iu Yorkshire, under tlie Earl of 

t This is a piece of private history not noticed in the Peerage ; 
but it is right to add that the King's suspicions of his old and 
faitliful friend, the ancestor of the present family of Dartmouth, 
were subsequently ascertained to be without the slightest foundation. 

t Sir John Culpepper. 


stead of submittinge to, and obeyinge my commauuds 
in goinge beyond sea, you shall tinde that hee practise 
the raysinge of mutinye or any other disturbance 
in that place, or any other, in w""" case the sayd 
warrant for his committment is to bee deliuered unto 
"whome you and my Lord Treasurer shall thinke 
fittest for it to be directed unto, and by that person 
to be putt in execution. Lastlye I enjoyne you the 
care to lett all the Lords know, that whateuer is 
done in this kinde, is out of my tender regard of their 
safetye and preseruation, and that they shall speedilye 
receiue for their satisfaction a particular account of 
the reasons of this necessarye proceedinge. I rest 
Your most asseured frend, 
Charles R. 
Hereford, Sept: 14'* 1645. 

Tell my Sone that I shall lesse greeue to heere 
that he is knoked in the head then that he should 
doe soe meane an action as is the rendring of 
Bristoll Castell & Fort * upon the termes it was. 
C. R. 

R: 17° 7*'"'' 1645, by Mr. North. The King to me. 

Copie of Pr: Ruperts ^c. Petition deliuered at 

May it please yo"" most excellent Ma''*, 
"Whereas in all humility wee came to present our 
selues this day unto your Ma''% to make our seuerall 

* The King's anger at the surrender of Bristol is not sui^jrising, 
when it is recollected that Prince Rupert possessed at the time 140 
pieces of mounted cannon, 100 barrels of powder, with 2500 foot, 
1000 horse, and 1000 trained bands and auxiliaries ; on tlie other hand, 
he had not more than sixteen days' provisions for such a force. But 
the King's feelings at this precise period must have been very bitter ; 
since the immediate and consequent loss of Devizes, Winchester, 
Basing House, Berkeley Castle, and Chepstowe, had reduced his affairs 
to a situation almost desperate. 

+ The affair that gave rise to this Petition desei-ves notice. The 
King having at this moment gone to Newark, as a place of tlie best 


greevances knowne, Wee find we haue drawne 
upon us some misconstruction by the manner of 
that, by reason your Ma"' thought that appeared as 
a mutiny, Wee shall therefore with all humblenes 
and carefulnes present unto your Ma'"', that wee, the 
persons subscribed, whom from the beginning of this 
unhappy warre haue giuen such testimony to your 
Ma*^ and the world of our fidelity and zeale to your 
Ma**" person and cause, doe thiuke our selves 
unhappy to lye under that censure ; and as wee 
know in our consciences our seines innocent and 
free from that, wee doe in all humility therefore 
(least wee should hazard our selues upon a second 
misinterpretation) present these reasons of our 
humblest desires unto your sacred Ma"% rather in 
writing than personnally, which are ihese : 

That many of us trusted in high commands in 
your Ma*'" service, haue not only our com'issiou 
taken away without any reason or cause expressed, 
whereby our honors are blemished to the world, 
our fortunes ruined, and wee rendred incapable of 
trust or command from any forraigne Prince ; but 
many others (as we have cause to feare) designed to 
suffer in the same manner. 

Our intention in our addressing our selues to your 
Ma''% and our submissiue desires, now are : that yo' 
Ma*" wilbee graciously pleased that such of us as now 
labour under the opinion of unworthinesse and inca- 

serarity, some differences of opinion arose among liis confidential 
ofiicerB respecting the defeat of Lord Digby at Sherborne, which 
General Gerard asserted to be the result of treason. Digby'a 
character, however, was supported by Bellasis, the Governor, and 
several others ; but the Princes, Rupert and Maurice, sided with 
Gerard. At length swords were drawn, and the King rushed in to 
part them ; but when it was found that his opinion was in favour 
of Digby, Prince Rupert, aud 400 of tliat party, actually threw up 
their commissions, as Burton declares in his Civil Wars. This 
Petition now printed, however, seems to imply positively that their 
commissions were taken from them. There appears a strange incon- 
sistency in the accounts given of these affairs by the varioas contem- 
porary writers of the period. The curious reader will find much 
amusement in referring to Bulstrode's ifemoirs, page 127, et seq. ; 
and to the notices by Clarendon. 


pacityto serue your Ma''%inay at a Councell of Warre, 
receiue knowledge of the cause of your Ma*'"* dis- 
pleasure, and haue the justice and libertie of our 
defence against what can be alleaged against us, and 
in particular concerning this Government ; and if 
upon the severest examinac'on our integrity and 
loyaltie to your Ma''* shall appeare, that then yom' 
Ma**' be graciously pleased to grant us, either repa- 
ration in honour, against the of our 
ennemys, or libertie to passe into other partes, which 
are the humblest desires of 

Your Ma""' 
most obedient and loyall subjects and servants. 

TJie King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Nkwarke 10 Oct: 1645. 
none of yours haue yet miscarryed, haueing yes- 
ternight receaued your 14''' letter: before this, I 
hope, S"^ Tho: Glemham will be come to you, whom I 
have commanded to take particular care of purging 
Oxford of mutinus & disaffected persons ; & least he 
should not be bould anufe, hauing yet but a verball 
command, I thinke fitt now, that you should show 
him this, under my hand, that my pleasure heerein 
be dewly executed, whomsoeuer it may concerne : 
As for your Ticket of Accommodation, that I may 
understand it the better (for it yet seemes to me but 
an insignificant peece) I command you to send me the 
two Colonels Fox & Murray;* being possible that 
it may receaue such illumination, by the illustration 
of circumstances, as what hitherto seemes but a 
darke chaos, may breake foorth into a lactea via, 
leading to peace : 

Will: Legge no suspicion 

For what concernes 401 : I haue 229 : 511 : 231 : 

of but what Lo: Digbv informed 

109 : 305 : 358 : 96 : 316 : 166 : 176 : 147 : 213 : 

* The whole of this affair is curious, and litUe noticed in the 


what 1 

S3 : me, vi'^ satisfies me as to 305 : 174 : 166 : 

have done but not him guilty 

122 : 109 : 229 : 17 : beliue 169 : 24 : 43 : 78 

of trickery more 

4 : 18 : 79 : 35 : 231 : 521 : before I see 221 : 

particttUr proofs * 

407 : 72 : 1 : 54 : 57 : 7 : 51 : Our North- 
erne newest we hope to be as good as your 


"Westerne, though yet not so fully ratified, 109 

in confidence thereof I 

176 : 350 : 29 : 58 : 35 : 277 : 2 : 231 : 174 

fit to advance 

thinke 143 : 290 : 87 : 43 : 31 : 27 : 61 : 36 

a daye or two's inarch 

10 : 32 : 20 : 118 : 51 : 232 : 568 : 212 : 60 

and if Montrose be in that part as 

96 : 175 : 417 : 104 : 176 : 276 : 113 : 99 

I hope lie is there I 

174 : 172 : 167 : 181 : 30 : 277 : 28 : and 174 

intend to joyne 

176 : 19 : 38 : 27 : 85 : 10 : 290 : 179 : 28 : 37 

30 : 303 : 169 : So hoping shortly to send you 
more certanty of our good newes, & how I shall 
dispose of my selfe, then yet I can, I rest 

Your most asseured frend, 

Charles R. 

my wyfe 

This inclosed is for 224 : 68 : 47 : 7 : 35. 

** For your selfe." | 

10«8*^ 1645. R: 17. 1645. His Ma«« to me concerning Coll: 
Will: Murrey. Tlie l?"" of fi^' Col: W. Murrey was sent for by 
the Lo'*''', & his Ma"" pleasure signified to him to attend y« King 

* It is a certain fact, of which the King was afterwards well 
assured, that tlie insinuations against Legge's loyalty were founded 
on fabe statements. 

+ Alluding evidently to the victory gained by Montrose at Kilsythe 
in Scotland ; but the King's hopes were soon after qiushed, when 
Leslie defeated Montrose at Pbiliphaugh. ^ 


The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Newakke 16 Oct. 1G45. " 


I haue receaued 17 letters from you, for w'^'' I 

hartely thanke you, wee being very much cheered by 

your frequent dispaches, wherfor I dout not but you 

will continew in so doeing : I wrote to you upon 

my wyfe 

Fryday last, wherin there was a letter for 224 : 68 : 
49 : 7 : 35 : 30 : 300 : and lykewaise in that 
dispache (I will not say that all was in myne) you 
were answerd concerning the Gouernor of the 
Deuyses, & all others in his predicament, as lykewais 
the L: Hatton: so that now I haue but fower 

the Earle of 

particulars to answer: I begin with 277 : 126 : 231 : 

Norwich • 

431 : about whome I embrace and thanke you for 
your motion, & comand you to send him word 
accordingly ; secondly for Mr. Atturny, f tell him 
if the Rebelles neuer did but justice or what they 
had lawful! power to doe, then his answer good, 
otherwais it is not Avorthe a button : wherfor if he 
confesse my power, lett him accept my offer, other- 
wais I shall know what I haue to doe ; as for Rains- 
ford,let the Judges proceede : lastly concerning 200 : 

the Duke of York 

277 : 125 : 231 : 541 : 300 : if (as I hope) 380 
haue 156 : 271 : 176 : 277 : 525 : then 276 
169 : 302 : 27 : 54 : 17 : 10 
28 : 20 : 109 : 175 : 380 : 104 
290 : 250 : 277 : 525 : 96 
303 : 170 : 173 : in that case 
it wer a folly in 213 : 290 : 194 : 224 : 266 : 29 : 
36 : 40 : 101 : 443 : in the meane tyme 115 : 
58 : 37 : 31 : 4 : 38 : 50 : 305 : I haue written 
in this 293 : 17 : 78 : 5 : 6 : 60 : 279 : 447 : 79 : 
18 : 47 : 136 : 236 : as I haue sayed 109 : 277 : 

* Previously spoken of as General Goring. 
+ Sir Edward Herbert. Knt. 




72 : 35 : - 


: 83 : 30 : 


290 : 213 


27 : 70 : 83 : 38 : 59 : 6 : 98 : 35 : 90 : 224 
302 : 167 : 36 : 1 : 176 : first 290 : 412 : 383 
(174 : 177 : 169 : 276 : 540 : 231 : cvfer 211 : 36 
10 : 213 : 229 : 18 : 20 : 71 : 2 : 48 : 19 : 30 
279 : 290 : 169 :) 277 : 27 : 40 : 290 : 277 
50 : 3 ; 37 : 51 : 19 : 90 : this is all, so I rest. 
Your most asseured frend, 

Bettle an intelligcuoe 

Methinksyou might 51 : 35 : 17 : 4 : 36 : 10 : 31 : 

to y' next by Loudon 

27 : 391 : 290 : 277 : 525 : 110 : 400 : 300 : 

I send you heerewith the trew coppy of an intelli- 
gence from neere Ferrebriges, from one who hath 
the report of a discreet honnest man : by the Army 
he meanes Digby and Landale,* w"^ part I beliue 
trew ; but for the former, I know the particular of 
my Wyfe, false : & for the rest, I leaue you to judge, 
not yet knowing what to sav. 

341 : 209 : 266 : 27 : 10 : 390 : 51 : 20 : 290 
151 : 436 : 391 • 148 : 400 : 307 : 147 : 174 : 1 : 35 
58 : 54 : 75 : 77 : 36 : 28 : 83 : 37 : 169 : 290 : 316 

Ifio QbriM ]645 R, ooo The King to me concerning making 
y« Earl of Norw'ch Capt: of the Garde, & the Atto"^ Herberts 

T7ie King to Sir Edward Nicholas 

my intenc'ons are 

Nicolas, : 224 : 176 : 289 : 17 : 180 : 53 : 20 : 

by God's belpe to 

98 : (110 : 157 : 29 : 60 : 39 : 36 : 4 : 74 : 37 :) 290 : 

breake tbronghe y* Rebelles 

14 : 3 : 37 : 34 : 64 : 38 : 283 : 277 : 475 : 18 : 

forces and get to Oxont to w^"" 

374 : 53 : GOO : 96 : 152 : 290 : 443 : 290 : 308 : 

• Sir Marmaduke Langdale. 
+'To tliia plan, Bulstrode tells us, the King was led by the circum- 
stance of the parliamentar>' army being now in force on the North 
side of tlie Trent, The whole of the letter being in cypher is an 


end my passage may 

128 : and that 224 : 238 : 52 : 33 : 26 : 37 : 209 : 

be w* more ease & 

104 : 303 : 221 : 38 : 32 : 52 : 35 : 40 : 96 : 70 : 


53 : 37 : 59 : 43 : 3 : 79 : 29 : 49 : I would haue you 
acquaint the Gouemor with these commands from 

send all the horse that may 

me; that he 264 : 86 : 277 : 173 : 276 : 209 : pos- 

be spared from Oxon 

sibly 104 : 53 : 74 : 34 : 3 : 38 : 84 : 148 : 443 

to Banbnry on Sunday next directions 

290 : 329 : 233 : 554 : 227 : with these 83 : 78 : 2 

to tlie Comander 

36 : 59 : 19 : 79 : 233 : 53 : 290 : 277 : 346 : 36 

in Cheif kcepe 

3 : 176 : 59 : 39 : 36 : 82 : 7 : 38 : that he 183 : 53 

seonts to wards 

59 : 56 : 44 : 19 : 52 : 290 : 68 : 33 : 2 : 83 : 53 

Daventry & 

70 : 84 : 37 : 43 : 38 : 27 : 17 : 3 : 47 : 90 : 96 : 300 


39 : 34 : 3 : 14 : 46 : 1 : 2 : 56 : 46 : 26 : 42 : 200 

& diligently hoiild 

96 : 83 : 79 : 6 : 82 : 24 : 37 : 29 : 19 : 207 : 42 : 57 

intelligence with the Gov'nor of Bel- 

43 : 4 : 84 : 391 : 303 : 277 : 379 : 232 : 231 : 16 

voir, of what forces ly 

36 : 4 : 46 : 57 : 79 : 3 : 231 : 305 : 374 : 53 : 207 

in partes my resolution 

176 : those 239 : 53 : 224 : 3 : 37 : 266 : 4 : 46 

to goe that way 

19 : 180 : being 290 : 24 : 56 : 38 : 276 : 69 : 34 

if w* any reasonable hazard I 

47 : 175 : 303 : 97 : 254 : 88 : 70 : 39 : 34 : 2 : 85 

may passe : but if 

174 : 209 : 238 : 109 : 175 : S^ Thorn: Glemham* 

findes I come not to Banbnry by Thursday 

144 : 174 116 : 229 : 17 : 290 : 329 : 110 : 551 : 

evidence of the King's great desire for secrecy, and is also in agree- 
ment with his well-known habit of imparting his resolutions to none, 
except to two or three of the neai-est trust about him. 
* Then Governor of Oxford. 


next come scnight then 

227 : 116 : 263 : 27 : 78 : 24 : 42 : 19 : 277 : 29 : 

1m ni»y dr*w bMk 

167 : 209 : 83 : 3 : 34 : 69 : 20 : 16 : 32 : 59 : 64 : 

the borse secrecy 

277 : 173 : you must remember that 53 : 37 : 58: 1 : 

in tliis ))artlcu]ar 

88 : 61 : 49 : 176 : 279 : 239 : 79 : 59 : 43 : 4 : 34 : 

must bo yow chelfest 

8 : 215 : 104 : 317 : 59 : 39 : 37 : 78 : 7 : 38 53 : 

c»re tell the Gouemor 

19 : 112 : I will only allow you to 274 : 277 : 379 : 

of it wlio niuBt be 

232 : 231 : 182 : 320 : 215 : 104 : answerable for the 

discretion A 

124 : 59 : 3 : 38 : 17 : 180 : 96 : 80 : 84 : 78 : 207 : 

diUigence of the person 

24 : 38 : 27 : 58 : 38 : 231 : 277 : 73 : 37 : 3 : 53 : 

tbat shall comand those 

233 : 276 : 52 : 39 : 94 : 346 : 17 : 39 : 54 : 53 : 

horse in cbeif 

38 : 173 : 176 : 58 : 39 : 37 : 78 : 7 : 38 : so I rest 

Your most asseured frend, 

Charles E. 

Newabke 29 Oct: 1645. 
Giue me an account of this: 
29 8»"« 1645. The King to me by Parsons. 

Coj)y of a Letter from Sir Edward Nicholas to 
Sir Henry Vane the Younger.--- 

You cannot suppose the work is donn, though God 
should sufl'er you to destroy the King : the miseryes 

* This and the letter which follows it are remarkable illustrations 
of the secret history of the time. The royal overtures to Vane 
came to the knowledge of Essex, who complained of them by letter to 
tlie House of Lords. On inquiry, however, it turned out that Vane 
had communicated them already to the Speaker, to a Committee of the 
House of Commons of which he was a member, and to the Scots 


Avhich will ineuitably follow are soe plain e in view, 
that it is more then necessary some speedy expedient 
be found for their preuention. Is it not cleere to you 
(to me it is) that Spaine and ffranee will instantly 
conclude a peace : and that ffranee makes great pre- 
pai'ations to ioyne with the Scotts (when the breach 
betweene you and them shall happen) whilst Spaine 
labours to be Protector of Ireland, and will vndoubt- 
edly carry itt. Consider well, whether the season is 
not proper for this designe, when the wealth of this 
nation is already so exhausted, and the sufferings of 
the people soe great, that they are no longer to be 
supported. This is reason, tis not to cast a bone 
amongst you : The onl}'' remedye is (and it is a safe 
and honourable one for you) that you sett your selfe, 
the gentleman that was quartered with you, and all 
his and your freinds to preuaile, that the King may 
come to London vpon the termes he hath offered ; 
where, if Presbitery shall be soe strongly insisted 
vpon as that there can be noe peace without itt, you 
shall certainely haue all the power my master cann 
make to ioyne with you in rooting out of this king- 
dome that tyrannicall Gouernment; with this 
condition, that my master may not haue his con- 
science disturbed (yours being free) when that easy 
worke is finished. Loose not this faire opertunity, 
the like was never offered, nor euer will be ; for itt 
brings all things of benifitt and aduantage imagin- 
able, both to the generall and to your particular ; to 
him that was quartered with you, and to his & you 
freinds : and shall be honestly made good. Trust to 
me for the performance of itt ; waigh itt sadly, and 
againe relye upon me. Bee confident, that neither 
he that carryes this, nor he that deliuers it to you, 
knowes any thing of itt. {Not signed.) 

Written at the bottom by the King. 

" This is a trew Coppie of what was sent" to Sir Hen. Vane the 
Younger by my comand. C. R." March 2, 1645-6. 

2» Martij 1645. By his Ma""' comaund these are to S. H. Vane 
sign'd w''' y« Kings owne hand. 


Copy of another Letter from the King to Sir Henry 
Vane tfie Younger, 

I shall only add this word to what was said in my 
last : that you hasten my business all tliat possibly 
you cann ; the occasion lately giuen being fairer 
than euer, and donn on purpose. Be very confident 
that all things shall be performed according to my 
promise. By all that is good, I coniure you, to dis- 
patch that curtoysye for me with all speed, or it will 
be too late, I shall perish before I receiue the fruits 
of itt. I may not tell you my necessityes, but if it 
were necessary soe to doe, I am sure you would lay 
all other considerations aside, and fulfill my desires. 
This is all : trust me, I will repay your fauour to the 
full. I have donn. If I haue not an answeare 
within foure dayes after the receipt of this, I shall be 
necessitated to finde some other expedient. God. 
direct you, I haue discharged my dutye. {Not 

Written at tlie bottom of this letter by the King. 
" This is a true Copie of what was sent by Jaci^ Asheburnliam & 
ray comand to Sir Henry Vane the younger. C. R." 

The King's promise to Mons. de Montreuil concerning 
those that should come with him to the Scots 

I do promise to Mounsieur de Montreuil, that none 
shall come with me to the Scots army, or meet me 
there, who are excepted by those att London, but 
only my two nepheues, and Jack Ashburnham.* 

' * The King's confidence in Ashliurnliam was very great at this 
crisis. But a very short time before, he was obliged, by the approach 
of Fairfax, to escape from Oxford in disguise ; and this he did as the 
servant of Aslibuniham : after which he joined the Scottish army 
before Newark. Yet Ashburnham is accused of having misled the 
King when he was taken prisoner in 1648, either tlirough treachery 


Notwithstanding, the said Montreull is to receaue 
this my protestation, that all my seruants, and all 
others who doe adheare to me, shalbe saued from 
mine, or any publique dishonour ; Avhich is a condi- 
tion that my wife writt to me that not only she, but 
likewise Cardinall Mazarine,* were absolutely of 
opinion that I was sooner to dye, than not to haue. 
As for Church Gouernement, as I haue already, soe I 
now againe promise, that as-soone as I come into the 
Scotts army, I shall be very willing to be instructed 
concerning the presbiteriall gouernement : where- 
upon they shall see, that I shall striue to content 
them in any thing, that shall not be against my 

Charles R. 

Indorsed by Sir Edward Nicholas. 

" The King's promise to Monsieur de Montreuil f concei'ning those 
that should come ■w«'> him to y« Scots army : w"^*" promise was 
written by Mr. Jo: Ashbournhani, and signed by the King; but 
w^iout date." 

or folly. Bulstrode (in his Memoirs) asserts that when Chai-les 
ai-rived in great privacy at the house of Lady Southampton, and 
Ashburnham went up stairs to the King's bed-chamber to announce 
to him that Colonel Hammond was below at supper, and had given 
assurance for his Majesty's safety, but not of liberty for his person, 
the King instantly, with much emotion, struck his hand upon his 
breast, exclaiming, " And is this all ! Then I am betrayed ! " 

* Mazarine had recently become Prime Minister of France, in 
consequence of the death of Richelieu. The latter bore an impla- 
cable malice and hatred to England for her interference respecting 
the French Protestants, particularly in the affaire of the Isle du Rhe, 
and Rochelle. It is curious to compare this opinion of Mazarine 
■with the well authenticated fact that, notwithstanding his outwai'd 
appearance of friendship for the King, he was keeping up a good cor- 
respondence with the Parliament through the medium of Don 
Alonzo de Cardenas, the Spanish Ambassador. 

f Montreuil, or Montreville, seems in this affair to have been tlie 
tool of Mazarine in deceiving the King ; for all the contempoi-ary 
writers, Warwick, Bulstrode, &c., assert that he had promised, in the 
name of the King of France, that Charles should be secure under the 
protection of the Scottish army. 


The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

New Castle 16 Maij 1646. 

Nicholas, since my last I had neither sufficient 
tyme nor matter to write to you, but now I haue 
enough of either, yet I shall to ease both our 
paynes, contract my thoughts, merely to M-hat is (for 
the present) necessary for you att Oxford.* ffor 
directions then, know that you are not to expect 
releefe, so that I giue you leaue to treate for good 
condic'ons. Let those of Exeter be your example : 
the additions must be the taking care particularly 
of the University, and to trye if you can gett the 
Duke of Yorke to be sent hither to me, as alsoe all 
my seruaunts who wilbe willing to come (of w"'' num- 
ber I am sure you are one) but feare you will not 
get leaue, and those goods w'"'* I haue there. 

These directions I would haue you keepe very 

secreat, that you may make better conditions : flfor 

the number and choyce, I leave to the Lordes 

discrec'ons (the gouernor being one), but you must 

give out that releefe will come. Jack Ashburnham 

is this day gonne for tfraunce. I haue no more to 

sav, so I rest ,^ , j r i 

• ' 1 our most asseured frend, 

Charles R.* 

"16» Maij 1646. R. 10" /unu & y* next day read to j« Lo*"". 

The King to me from New Castle giving leave to treate, &c. 

This It' & that of y" 2'' of June were read to all y" Lo""' and gent, 
about this towne (Oxfoi-d) on Sunday y« 20"» of June 1646." 

* Oxford was at this moment nearly reduced ; so that Sir Thomas 
Glembam, the Governor, in answer to a summons, asked permission 
to send a messenger to the King for orders. This, however, was 
refused by Fairfax, and the city was delivered up, but not until after 
a treaty of some weeks' continuance. The actual date of tlie sur- 
render was the 24th of June. The facts contained in the indorse- 
ments possess considerable interest for the futm-e historian. When 
this letter was written, the King was .with tlie Scottish army, who 
bad retreated thus far after the surrender of Newark to the Par- 
liament. In Herbert's Memoirs of the Two laet years of Cliarles the 
First there is an allusion to the King's consent, through the Lords 
of the Privy Council then at Oxford. 

♦ This letter was written in cypher, but tlie figures are for the 


The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

New Casxell, 2 June, 1646. 

Nicholas^ since I saw you, I receaued but one 
letter from you, w'^'' was of the 5tli of May ; & this is 
but the 3"''^ that I haue written unto you, hauing sent 
a duplicatt of my last about 9 dayes agoe. For 
direc^cons, I shall in substance repeate what I last 
sent you, w"^*" is that, because you are to expect noe 
releef, I giue you leaue to treate for good condic'ons. 
Let those of Exeter be your guide, w'^'' I beliue wilbe 
graunted you, hauing a particular care that my sonne 
and two nephues haue permission to com to me 
whersoeuer I shalbe : as lykewais that the freedome 
of y'' University be preserued, & that all my seruants, 
who ar willing, may come to me with the few goods 
that I haue there. I omitt news att this tyme, 
because it will doe little good to you, & troble me ; 
soe comanding you to asseur all my frends, that no 
change of place shall (make) me alter my affection 
to them ; I rest 

Your most asseured frend, 

Charles R. 

I aduise excepted persons to agree for Exeter con- 
ditions, & for noe better. 

When my goods ar sent, forget not all the bookes 
•w'^ I left in my bedchamber. 


2° Junii, 1646. R: llo, read to y^ L''" y" next day. The King 
gives leave to treate. ' 

most part blotted or run through with the pen, but are decyphered 
and filled up by Nicholas. 


The Kiny to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

New Castkll, 24 Jum, 1646. 
I haue receaucd yours of the G: & 9: of this 
monthe \r'^ requyres no other answer but thanke you 
for your intelligence & to comend you for your 
resolution ; only I thinke you needed not to burne 
my cypher; but howsoeuer lett me heare from you 
as often as you can, & asseure all my frends that I 
am constant to all them mIio will not forsake them- 
selfes, of w'** I know you ar none, so that I am 
Your most asseured constant frend, 

Charles R. 

1 deslrp 

In hope my cypher is notsacrifised 209 : 141 : 56 

you to Bend mc word 

63 : 17 : 67 : 429 : 360 : 341 : 250 : 78 : 81 : 18 

where my Jewells were w*"- I. H. 

81 : 412 : 351 : in : no : 418 : 56 : 111 : 413 : 449 

h«d, and If my Cabinet* 

397 : 112 : 213 : 251 : 90 : or 27 : 40 : 7 : 67 : p 

W" I left w*"" you be bumed 

413 : 209 : 234 : 409 : 429 : 121 : at : ad : 19 : if 

or not. 

147 : 281 : 270 : 
24« Junii, 1646. The K. to mc. 

The Kiny to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

New Castell, 16 Avg: 

Nicholas, I receaued yours by the last post, 
whereby I understand what course you intend to 
take, w''' I approue of, yet I thinke it not necessay 

* Tlie King's anxiety about his Cabinet is not surprising, when it 
is remembered what use had formerly been made of letters seized by 
the Parliamentary forces. 


write to Marq: H. nor Earl 

[necessary] to 423 : 360 : 550 : 520 : 269 : 17 : 503 : 

of Southampton for bauing 

280 : 356 : 84 : 107 : 43 : 282 : 162 : 200 : 216 : 


258 : 133 : 280 : 366 : selfes there 365 : 280 : 251 
84 : 282 : 7 : 281 : 122 : 431 : 216 : 383 : 251 : 56 
67 ; 46 : 75 : 70 : 59 : 112 : 57 : 78 : 281 : 81 : 360 
361 : 319 : 27 : 148 : 58: 

Com'end me to all my Frends, & asseure them of 
my constancy ; and I asseure you that I haue sent 
where you ar goeing, being confident that you will be 
very well receaued there, so I rest 

Your most asseured frend, 

Charles R. 

This inclosed is for 14 : 47 : he : 68 : 21 : 35 : 6 : 
16" Aug. 1646. The King to me.« 

In the handwriting of Sir Edward Nicholas. 

The Reasons why his Ma"* thought good to send his 
Proposition of y* ... of December, 1645, to London, 
were, for that 

His Ma*** hath noe Army att all, nor any forces 
but what are in his garrisons. 

Noe meanes or monny either to satisfy or keepe 
together his officers, or to supply or pay his garrisons, 
but the contribuc'ons of the country, w*** being 
wasted by y* souldiors of both sides, & extremly dis- 
aflfected, are reddy every day to rise ag' his Ma"*' 
garrisons, as being not able any longer to undergoe 

* This part of the correspondence is important, as it took place 
about the period when the Scottish army were engaged in the nego- 
tiations for the surrender of the King to the English Parliament In 
a Glasgow publication of Original Letters (1766) there is one from a 
Scottish Commissioner, who observes, " many of the King's greatest 
friends think his obstinacy judicial, as if in God's justice he were 
destroying himself." This letter was written on the 7tli of August, 
1646, at the time when Charles refused to agree to the Scottish pro- 

K 2 


tlie heavy pressures w*** y" necessitys of his Ma''" 
souldiors & y* abseuce of his Ma"" Governm* dayly 
put upon them. 

That his Ma"' ha^'ing lost Bristoll, hath no meanes 
to be supplyed from forraigue parts m*"" armes or 
munition, or materialls for making of either, of vr'^ 
he begins alreddy to be in want. 

There is noe meanes to raise any considerable forces 
for an army ag' y' next Spring : for that all Wales 
was lost p'^sently after y* losse of Bristoll, and since 
that, Munmouth & Hereford. 

Chester is in imminent danger to be likewise lost : 
Newark &Belvoir Castle* are besieged & in danger. 

In y' west there are about 5 or 6000 horse & foote, 
but there are there soe great divisions amongst the 
cheif officers, and the Councell that attend y" Prince, 
as for want of condvct these forces are disunited, and 
y' country soe disafiected to them by reason of the 
soldiors rapine and oppression, as y' country rises 
against them whensoever they come into any place 
not in a body, and the country is soe wasted, as it 
cannot feede them when they lye together in a body. 
Besides, the Cornishe will not be drawne further 
than Devonsh*. 

Exeter is soe close besieged, as very little or noe 
p'visions can passe into it, & it is not supplyed for 

many monthes is possessed by S' Tho. 

ffairfax forces, & the King hatli in Devon now noe 
poste but Dartmouth, & there are likewise forces 
marched thither to blocke it upp. 

The Seige of Plymouth is soe weekly prosecuted 
for want of force as they have lately releeued them- 
selves and burnt some of our quarter neere it. 

S' Tho. Fairfax & Crumwell haue lately sent into 
these p'tes neere 1500 of their best horse, w'^'' shewes 
that they are much too strong for his Ma"" forces in 
those partes. 

These Western horse are drawing towards Oxon 
& are to ioyne w"" other forces w"'' are to come from 
London under Coll: Ringingborrow, & all that can 

* The Earl of Rutland bad sided with the Parliament, but Belvoir 
was garrisoned by the King's forces. 


be spared from Coventry, Warwick, Gloucester, & 
Northampton, & out of Buckinghamshire (w'"' it is 
beleeued will in all make noe less than 8000 foote 
and 4000 horse & dragoons) & ar designd p^sently to 
block upp Oxon att a distance. 

Deniugton Castle is blockt upp by forces that lye 
in Newberry & the Country thereabouts. 

This being his Ma*' p^sent condition in England, 
and there being noe peace concluded in Ireland, nor 
any considerable forces possibly to be drawne from 
that Kingdom in any tyme to assist his Ma*'* : 

The ^lar: of Muntrosse being still in y* highlands, 
or noe neerer than Glascoe, & in what condition his 
Ma*'* is not certeynly assured, soe as there is little 
hope of tymely ayde from him : 

From Fra. or Holland there was nothing but faire 
& fruitless p'misses, they having not in all this tyme 
afforded his Ma*'' any considerable assistance, nor 
soe much as publickly declared ag* those att London : 

Upon these considerations his Ma*'* resolved to 
send to London y* . . . . P'positions, w*** being as 
low as he can goe w*'' p^serAdng of his conscience and 
hon' he doubts not but God will give a blessing to y* 
his intentions ; And that if his s*"*' doe not barken 
to y* reason he offers, his Allies will consider how 
farre his interest may worke theirs. 

Indorsed, Reasons why liis Ma''« sent his Proposic'ons to London, 
dated Dec^, 1646. 

The King to the Speaker of the House of Peers. 

HoLMBY [Holde>by], 6 Martij. 1646-7. 

c. u. 

It being now 17 dayes since I wrote to you from 
hence, & not yet receiuing any answer to what I 
then desired, I cannot but now again renew the 
same unto you; and indeed concerning any thing 
but the necessary duty of a Christian, I would not 
at this time trouble you with any of my desires. 
But my being attended by some of my Chaplains,* 

* This letter was written about two months after the King had 


whom I esteem & reuerence, is that w'"* is so neces- 
sary for me (euen considering my present condic'on, 
whither it be in relation to my conscience, or a 
happy settlera' of the present distracc'ons in Reli- 
gion) that I will slight diuers kinds of censures, 
rather then not obtain what I demand. Nor shall 
I doe you the wrong, as in this to doubt the 
obtaining of my wish, it being grounded upon 
reason. For I desire you to consider (not thinking 
it needful! to menc'on) the diuers reasons w''' no 
Christian can be ignorant of, for the point of con- 
science. I must assure you that I cannot as I ought 
take into consideration those alterac'ons in Religion 
w** haue, & wilbe oflfred unto me, w^'out such helps 
as I desire, because I can neuer iudge rightly of, or 
be altred in any thing of my opinion, so long as any 
ordinary way of finding out the truth is denyed me. 
But when this is granted me, I promise you faith- 
fully not to striue for victory in argum', but to seeke 
to submit to truth, according to that judgem* wh"'' 
God hath giuen me; always holding it ray best & 
greatest conquest, to giue contentm' to my two 
Houses of Pari' in all things w''' I conceiue not to 
be against my conscience or hon'. Not doubting 
likewise, but that you wilbe ready to satisfy me in 
reasonable things, as I hope to find in this parti- 
cular concerning the attendance of my Chaplains 
upon me. 

To the Speaker of the House of Peers, ^;ro tempore, to be com- 
municated to the Lo: &. Co'mons in the Pari' assembled at Westm'r. 

6" Mar: 1647. Coppy of y" King's 2d If for some of his Chaplaines. 

been giren up to the Parliament, and three months previous to his 
seizure by Cornet Joyce, on the part of Ci*omweIl and the army. A 
very minute and interesting account of these transactions will be 
found in Sir Thomas Herbert's memoirs of the two last years of the 
nnhappy monarch. There is a remarkable passage alluding to them 
in a letter from the Earl of Panmure to Lord Wariston, dated 23rd 
January, 1647 ; where he says, " His Majesty is so well resolred now 
for his going to Holmby as ever I saw him for anything. He thinks 
that the Scots have sold him at too cheap a rate. If our posterity find 
not the smart thereof, it ia well." 


A Memorandum in King Charles the First's own 
handwriting : 

Freedome in Conscience & Honnor and Security 
for all those that shall come with me, & in case 
I shall not agree with them, that I may be set 
doune at such of my Garisons as I shall name to 
them : w'''' condition I hope not to put them to, for 
I shall no* differ with thera about Ecclesiasticall 
businesses, w'''' they shall make apeare to me not to 
be against my conscience; & for other matters, I 
expect no difference, & in case there be, I am 
content to be judged by the two Queenes. And 
befor I take my jurny I must send to the Marquis 
of Montrose to aduertice him upon what conditions 
I come to the Scots Army, that he may be admitted 
forthwith into our conjunction, & instantly march 
up to us. 

Indorsed by Sir E. Nicholas. 
" A Note written with y* Kings owne pen concerning his going to y' 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Oatlands, 19 Aug., 16'47.* 

Nicholas to ease my paines, 1 haue comanded 
Oudartf to answer some particulars in your last 
letter: this being only to thanke you for your 
aduertisments & freedome : desyring you still to 
continue the same, asseuring you that I haue a 
particular care of you, w"** I hope shortly shall be 
visible to all the world : so I rest 

Your most asseured constant frend, 

Charles R. 

Oatlands, -^ Axvg. 1647. 

His Ma"" It' to me. 

* It was on the 3rd of June that the King was seized by Joyce, 
and after a desultory progress arrived at Oatlands on the 14th of 
August. Soon after he removed to Hampton Court. 

•)■ Oudart was afterwards one of the King's Commissioners in the 


The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Yo' fidelity & industry in our seruice & eminent 
affecc'ons to our person, haue made in us too great 
an impression to be forgotten j on the contrary you 
must continue in this confidence, that we very 
highly retaine you in our value & remembrance, 
as you will finde if it please God to restore us to 
a condic'con for it. As an earnest whereof at 
present you will receive herewith a direction to our 
dearest Soun the Prince on your behalfe, Avhom as 
we know you will serue Avith the same duety and 
zeale as you haue serued us, so will he assuredly 
giue you that reception & admission to his con- 
fidence w*** you haue had with us. We thanck you 
for yo' severall letters & aduises, and are very tenderly 
sensible of yo' pressures, and if you could gett them 
removed by the help of friends, we thinck you would 
do well not to neglect so doing in respect of yo' 
family, there being no certainty yet what successe 
will follow this Treaty. That Providence w'** per- 
mits these afflictions to lye upon Lis, We trust will 
yet in good time take them off. Doe you continue yo' 
affections towards Us, not doubting of the constant 
fauor to you & yo" of 

Your most asseured Frend, 

Charles R. 

From Newport in j« Isle of Wight, 24 Novtmb'. 1648.* 
To Seer: Nich'as. 

Conferences at Newport with the Parliamentary agents. In such 
confidence was he with the King as to be employed during that treaty 
in writing his private dispatches to the Prince of Wales. See 
Warwich't Memoirs, p. 325. 

* The several historical facts, to which this letter refers, are too 
well known to require comment ; but the letter itself is an important 
testimony to Sir Edward Nicholas's claim on the patronage of 
Charles II. alluded to in a subsequent communication to that prince 
respecting the office of Secretary. 


His Ma''" Farewell Speech unto y' Lords Com'ssioners 
at Newport in y' Isle of TFight.^' 

" My Lords, 

You are come to take your leaue of mee, and I 
beleeue ^vee shall scarce euer see each other againe : 
— but Gods will be done. I thank God I haue made 
my peace w"* him, & shall w%ut feare undergoe what 
he shall please to suffer men to doe unto mee. 

]My Lords, you cannot but knowe that in my fall 
and ruine you see yo' owne, and that also neere to 
you. I pray God send you better frends then I 
haue found. 

I am fully informed of y^ whole carriage of y* 
plott against me & myne, and nothing soe much 
aflflicts mee as the sense and feelinge I haue of y* 
sufferings of my subjects, and y* mischief that hangs 
ouer my three Kingdomes, drawne upon them by 
those who (upon pretences of good) violently pursue 
their owne interestes and ends." 

These words his Ma*'* deliuered w"* much alacrity 
and cheerefullnes, w"' a serene countenance, & 
carriage free from all disturbance. 

Thus he parted w"* y* Lords leauing many tender 
impressions (if not in them) yet in y* other hearers.f 

His Ma''" farewell Speech to the Lo""" at Newport, l" Dec. 1648. 

* The Commissioners were the Earls of Northumberland, Pem- 
broke, Salisbury, and Middlesex ; Viscount Say and Sele ; Lord 
Wenman ; Messrs. Pierpoint, HoUis, Crew, Bulkeley ; Sirs Henry 
Vane, jun., Harbottle Grimstone, and John Potts ; Serjeants Glynne 
and Browne, and some others. 

•f* This conference took place almost immediately before the King's 
death. On the 4th of December took place the third day's debate in 
the House of Commons of the question whether the royal concessions 
in the Newport treaty were a ground of settlement ; which, at five 
o'clock next morning, was resolved in the affirmative by a majority 
of 129 to 83. The day following, Wednesday the 6th of Decembei', 
was the day of Pride's Purge. Within a month from that date the 
King was brought to trial; and on the 29th January, 1648-9, the 
death-warrant was signed. 









The subjoined letters, in continuation of the preceding corre- 
spondence, will be found to require little illustrative comment. They 
embrace the brief and unsuccessful royalist campaign which closed 
on the field of Worcester ; they contain illustrations of Charles 
the Second's distrust and dislike of his Presbyterian friends and 
supporters ; but they derive perhaps their chief interest from the 
gossiping details in which the deceased King's sister, Elizabeth of 
Bohemia, so lai'gely indulges, and in which the fears and jealousies, 
the enjoyments and privations of the Exiles, the fluctuation of her 
nephew's hopes, Cromwell's assumption of power, the vagaries of the 
errant Queen of Sweden, the attempts of the Queen-mother Henrietta 
to make Roman Catholics of her children, and the childhood of that 
young Prince of Orange for whom those attempts were preparing a 
throne, are curiously and impartially mixed up. The letter of 
earnest remonstrance to the Duke of Gloucester, "concerning his 
being tempted to tm-ne papist," bearing the signature of his elder 
brother, is a somewhat strange comment on the faith in which 
Charles the Second died. 

Paris,* Nov. 6, 1649. St. No. 
To giiie you an account of the vastnesse of this 
packett^ give me leaue to tell you, that together 
with this booke v^"^ I send you, there came in half a 

• Charles, at the period of his father's death, was at the Hague 
with his brother in law, the Prince of Orange ; after which he went 
to France to join his mother; but having been proclaimed King 
throughout Ireland, with the exception of Dublin and Londonderry, 
he would have proceeded there, had he not been forewarned that 


score persons of consideration, who with very much 
passion desired me to represent to Jersey, the high 
indignity by this base edition* offered to our blessed 
Master, and the great injury rendered to his Majesty 
that now is. 

You will finde a preface to this Booke, vf'^ tends 
to prouc that our blessed Master might be, nay 
perhaps was, a Papist in his heart, notwithstanding 
this Booke. That what instructions & commands 
were giuen to his Sonne for his firmenesse to the 
Protestant religion, were giuen out of politique con- 
siderations meerely, and many other particulars, w"'' 
I hope will bring it to the hands of tlie common- 

This Marsys is one who setting out the tryall of 
the late King, and y* manner of his murther, stiles 
himselfe " Interprete et Maistre pour la laugue 
Fran9oise du Roy d'Angleteri'e regnant h present et 
de son Altesse Royale le Due d' Yorke son frere,'^ in 
w*** Booke he stiles Queene Elizabeth (of euer blessed 
memory) Jezabell. He setts downe a false and 
faigned speech of the King's at y' time of his being 
murthered; & being charged with it, he said he 
thought fitt to make that speech as spoken by him, 
since the speech he did make was poore and below a 
King. He hath sett forth diuers other things, an 
extract whereof I shall shortly send you, the least of 
w'"" would deserve a whipping in England in good 

such a procedure would produce much alarm among the Protestant 
friends to his cause. He therefore went no farther than Jersey, 
where he was proclaimed King, a short time previous to the date of 
this Remonstrance. To what Courtier or Minister about Charles's 
person it was addressed, does not appear ; but it was written by Sir 
Edward Nicholas during his retreat from England, after the death of 
his rojal master. He appears at its date to have been resident with 
his relative, Sir Richard Browne, who still remained Charge d' Affaires 
at the French Court. 

* The wish here expressed was not fulfilled specifically; though 
afterwards in some measure gratified by the publication of " Eikon 
AkUstoe" in 1651, as a vindication of the original work against the 
attacks of " Eikonoklastes." The reader may find some interest in 
turning from this letter to the very copious essay on the subject by 
Mr. Nichols in Literary Anecdotes, vol. i., p. 522. 


times to speake moderately. I p'sume you will giue 
this busines a thorough sifting there in councell, 
and send some directions to S' Rich: Browne how to 
proceede here ; that it may appeare who sett him on 
worke here, and who giues him these exact coppies, 
w'^'' he pretends to haue under y* King's owne hand, 
and those other peeces of the King's, w"'' he so 
braggs of, and promises he will bring them to light, 
so soone as he obtaines leaue to publish them. I 
hope some course wilbe taken that he may be dis- 
charged of his titles of relation to the King, and that 
his Ma''' will hereupon giue order, that a true coppy 
may be printed in french of his Father's |Booke, 
declared by him to be authentique, waving both the 
editions either of Huguenot or Papist, and that this 
command be grounded upon the ill editions of both 
these persons and partys. 

Indorsed, "6°Novevi: 1649. Concerning Marseis his ti-anslac'on 
of the King's booke." 

Sir Edward Nicholas to King Charles the Second. 

May it please yo' Ma"^* 

I came to yo' Ma*'* out of duty to serve you if I 
could, not out of designe to gaine preferment, & 
thoughe I understood well, that yo' Ma*'" Privy 
Councell here was neither of number or weight 
equall to y* importaunce of yo' Ma*'" affaires, yet yo*" 
Ma"* being then resolved to goe for Irland (where I 
conceaved there would be an addition of Councellors 
answearable to y* weight of yo' aff***) I did y' more 
willingly tender my humble services here. 

But since its not now councellable for yo' Ma*** 
upon y"^ change of yo' busines in Irla: to goe thither, I 
held it my duty humbly to advise you, that I find yo' 
affa"' of soe great importaunce, & of such a nature, 
as (in my poore iudgem') it will not be possible for 
you to man'age y' same w*''out a steddy, setled, & 

* Written by Sir Edward Nicholas, and alluded to in a note, omtej 
p. 184. 




Ek: Arandell 
£«: Derby 
Ea: Nonrich 
E. Soath'toQ 
Sir Art. 
HoptoD, Mr. 
Cha: Excb. 
L'd Hatton. 

more full Councell of able, graue & experienced 
p'sons of unblemished integrity, whose honor, 
esteeme, fidellity, & prudence may raise y' reputa- 
c'on of yo' Councell from that greate contempt it lyes 
under both at home and abroade ; & whereby for- 
raigne Pr*** may be encouraged to assist yo' Ma""', & 
yo' Royall party in Engl: to appeare more vigorously 
for you. 

If for want of such a setled & ho'" Privy Councell, 
yo' ;Ma"' shalbe necessitated (as lately) to call (upon 
every important occasion) such to Councell who are 
not sworne, it will not much satisfy yo' party in 
Engla: nor advantage yo' aft''"". Besides yo' Privy 
Councell wilbe att a great disadvantage, when they 
are to give their advise upon oath, & are by y* same 
obliged to be secreat, & y* others shalbe att liberty & 
under noe tye att all. 

My humble advise therefore is, that yo' Ma"^ 
forthw"' endeavour by all meanes possible to get a 
Councell composed of a convenient number of such 
ho"', experienced, & faithfull p'sons, as may be 
equall to y" great importaunce of yo' p'sent aflT", & 
above y* contempt that yo' now Councell lyes under, 
aswell in yo' owne Court, as abroade, w^'^out w"'' it 
will not be possible for you to goe throughe yo' 
greate businesses. 

As for my owne particular,* 

I humbly beseech yo' Ma"* to give me leave to 
put you in minde, that att St. Germains y' Ma''* 
comaunded me to Avayte on you in this place, where 
you were pleased to tell me you should have occasion 
to make use of my service as Secre''*, & to that end 

• De Larrey, a French contemporary writer formerly quoted, says 
of Sir Edward Nicholas, that he had much better qualities and more 
zeal for the late Monarch, than the preceding Secretary of State, 
Windebank. He adds, that he was truly devoted to the Chui'ch of 
England ; and having, besides, as much integrity as ability, was as 
faithful to the son as to the father. "Charles II. recompensed his 
fidehty, and restored him, in 1658, to the post that his father had 
given him ; if this employment was honourable to him, all the profit 
redounded to the King, who conferred it on him not till he left 
Fi-ance, and when he was a wanderer from Com*t to Court, and from 
country to country." 


yo'' Ma*'' comaunded me to gett prepared a signet, 
and other provisions fitting, yv"^ accordingly I p'vided 
att my owne cost. I was there further tould from 
yo' MV'% that when I came to Jersey, I should be 
sworne Sec'rie. And since I came hither, yo'^ Ma*'* 
tould me I should be sworne, as soon as I came into 
Irla: Now since yo' Ma"^ goes not for Irla: I humbly 
desire that I may be sworne before yo' Ma*'" dep'ture 
from hence : 

1. Because, I know y^ busines belonging to a 
Sec'rie of State ought not to be p'formed by one that 
is not sworne in y'' place. 

2. For that y* busines I shall doe (not being 
sworne), will not have that creddit & esteeme, as is 
requisitt for y* advantage of afiaires of that nature. 

3. That it wilbe a great disrepute for me (who 
have had the honor to serve yo' Royale father 7 
yeares in that office) to execute any considerable p^te 
thereof, & not be established in it by oath, w"'' only 
can make a man capable of p'formaunce of the duty 
of that place, as it ought to be. 

Yo' Ma*'" obiection, that if you sweare me, you 
must doe y* like for Mr. Long,* is rather a dis- 
couragement then a satisfac'con to me, who did hope 
my soe long faithfuU service to yo' Royall father 
would have movM yo' Ma*'* to make more difference 
betweene us, since I have hitherto (I thanke God) 
carryed a cleere reputac'on in all my wayes. 

Wherefore its my most humble suyte, that yo' 
Ma*'* wilbe pleased either to give order that I may 
be sworne yo' Ma*'*' SecMe (whereby I may be 
enabled to doe you service), or else that I may have 
leave w*'' yo' Ma*'*" gracious favour, to retire untill 
my faithfuU & disinterested service may be of more 
use in yo' Ma*'*' affaires. 

« For yo'- Ma"^" 

Indorsed, " Je lis ce papier au Roy a Jersey, 31 de Janvier, 
St. V" 1649." 

* Mr. Long appears to have been engaged as secretary to Charles 
in a quasi-private capacity, for his name is not entered upon any of the 
official lists. The King, influenced most probably by his mother, 
showed much favour to him. It is perhaps not irrelevant also to 

VOL. IV. o 


The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Charles R. 

In regard of o\ir many great & weighty businesses. 
Wee are resolved & promise w"* all convenient speede 
to increase the number of Our English Privy Coun- 
cellors in a considerable proporc'on answerable to 
y* importauuce of our aflfaires. 

Wee ai*e alsoe resolved principally to make use 
of & rely on, the faithful! advise of our sworne 
Privy Councell in y' raanagem* and determinac'on 
of our important affaires. 

Wee likewise resolve & promise, to swearc and 
establishe S' Edw: Nicholas in y" office and place of 
one of our principall Secritaries of State, the first 
man Wee admit to or constitute in that office, and 
as soone as Wee shall dismisse Rob* Long from our 
service. Given at our Court att Castle Elizabeth in 
our Island of Jersey the 14-24th of ffebr: 1649-50. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

St. Johnstons: Sept. 3, 1650.* 

Mr. Seer: Nicholas, I haue giuen this bearer his 
dispatch, and haue signed all the Commissions, with 
53 blankes w'^'' I desire you to fill up as you shall haue 

observe, that if the liand-writing of the rival Secretaries had been 
allowed any weight in the discussion of the question, Mr. Long must 
liave proved successful against Sir Edward ; his mode of writing 
being singularly precise and clear, whilst that of Nicholas is often 
scarcely intelligible. 

* Written during Charles's visit to Scotland, when the Presby- 
terians crowned him King. Charles sailed from Schevling in Holland, 
in the preceding June, and landed at Spey, in Scotland, soon after. 
On the 15th of July he was proclaimed at Edinburgh Cross; and 
afterwards proceeded to St. Johnstone's, which place had been 
appointed for the meeting of the Scottish States. It was on the day 
when the above letter was written, Cromwell's " fortunate day," that 
the Scots were defeated at Dunbar. Charles went to Scotland in 
June ; and towards the latter end of July, Cromwell took the com- 
mand of the English Army in that Kingdom. 


Marq: Hertford 

occasion, there are two commissions for 445 : 388 : that 
if one should miscarey the other might seme. I 
haue sent you here inclosed a letter of credance to 
the Prince of Orange,* that if you should haue 
occasion of his assistance you may use it ; but pray 
have a care that you doe not press him about money, 
for I haue had so much from him allready that it 
were a shame to seeke more of him. This bearer 
will acquaint you with my condition much better 
than I can doe in a letter, I shall only say this to 

the vilaney of the 

you, that you cannot imaien 245 x3 : 160 : m8 : 8 : 

(niegible) & their 

191 : w5 : 175 : m9 : t6 : p : 64 : 49 : v6 : 


104 : 47 : 213 : 7 : indeed it has done me a greate 

have confirmed 

deale of good, for nothing could 138 : 81 : 109 : 

me more to the 

14 : 12 : 2 : 170 : 13 : 220 : 242 : 245 : bb : 

Church of England 

254 : 73 : n8 : 349 : 153 : then being x9 : 26 : 

here seing thclre hippocrisyf 

139 : 69 : t3 : 151 : w5 : s3 : c4 : 20 : q6 : 75 : 

the D: of YorVe's 

h : 8 : v2 : I shall send 245 : 575 comission and 

Lo: Gerrard's 

374 : 49 : by Oudart, who I wiU dispatch within 
this 2 or 3 days. I had allmost forgot a bussines of 
great importance, it is to speke to the Pr: of Orange 

a smack or 

to send hether 218 : 30 : 4 : 169 : 44 : 38 : n7 : 

a herring buss w* five or 

12 : e8 : gg : w : 5 : 262 : 111 : x2 : 190 : 

* Father of William the Third. 
+ This not to be mistaken allusion to the men who had just placed 
the crown upon the writer's head is sufficiently illustrative of the 
character of Charles. A report that he had been obliged to perform 
public Kirk-penance by the Presbyterians is mentioned in a ludicrous 
manner in a Letter from the Elector of Bavaria to the Queen of 
Bohemia, preserved in BromU'jfa Royal Lettei-a^f. 153. 



six men to Uo hero pro to n 

229 : 89 : 19 : w2 : k4 : 33 : f5 : r4 : 240 : 25 : 

dl n g It is to carreer ouer 

yy : 45 : 34 : 145 : g5 : 242 : 80 : s3 : 7 : p7 : 

n messenger when 

G4 : 30 : 170 : 2^8 : 45 : d4 : 14 : x7 : aq : 

there is oocnsion 

w5 : 220 : 147 : 477 : I being at the charge of 

I would have 

keeping them when they are here. 141 : z3 : 138 : 

the vessel come to 

245 : rS : x2 : 4 : 228 : 24 : 44 : nn : 47 : w2 : 


171 : m6 : 222 : t3 : 320 :* I would haue you 
and Mr. Atomey to stay in liolland as being the 
place that is the neerest to this Kingdome and 
where I shall haue occasion of your services : I have 
no more to say to you at the present but to assure 
that I am and euer will be 

Your most affectionate friend, 

Charles R. 

The King to Mrs. Tmsden.f 

M" Twisden, 
Hauing assurance of your readines to performe 
what I desired of you by my Letter of the 7th of 
February from Jersey, according to your Brothers 
promise, in order to the conveying to me the George 
and Scales left me by my blessed Father, I haue 
againe imployed this bearer (in whom I haue very 
much confidence) to desire you to deliver the said 
George and Scales into his hand for me, assuring 
you, that as I shall haue great reason thereby to ac- 
knowledge your owne and your Brothers civilitys 

• This of course is a plan for his own escape if necessary, and 
another proof of the small reliance he was placing upon his Northern 
friends. Whether he doubted their power or their loyalty is not 
very nnaterial ; but it is evident that he wished to ensure the means 
of his own safety, independent of their exertions. 

f This is not printed from the original, but taken from a copy. 


and good affections, in a particular soe deerly valued 
by me, soe I will not be wanting, when by Gods 
blessing I shall be enabled, deseruedly to recom- 
pence you both for soe acceptable a service don to 
Your louing friend, 

Charles R. 
St. Johnston, 2 8«", 1650. 

The King to Mr. William Hinton. * 

Mr. William Hinton, 
Your many faithfull services done to my deere 
Father of blessed memory and to my selfe, & the 
constant continuance in your loyall affections to my 
just cause, are soe very remarkable, as I shalbe euer 
mindfull to acknowledge them, and to gratify and 
reward you for them. The condition of my affaires 
requiring that a considerable sum'e of money be 
speedily sent into Holland, I doe at present desire 
you by such private meanes as you shall couceiue 
most safe, to conveye or returne thither by bills of 
exchange for my use, such sumes of money, as either 
you haue or shalbe able to procure by loane, or 
otherwise, of my well affected subjects, towards my 
supply : and as I doubt not you will comply with all 
readines & industry with this my desire, soe I 
will that you assure all those who shall contribute to 
y* support of my occasions, y* I shall willingly repay 
them, when God shall enable me, and also further 
recompence them to their content : and will particu- 
larly consider you for the paines you shall imploy 
herein as a service very acceptable to 

Your louing friend, 

Charles R. 

St. Johnstons, 2. 8*"-, 1650. 

* This letter, takeu from a copy, contains further proof how 
much more anxious Charles now was for a safe escape to the Con- 
tinent than sanguine of success from the state of his affairs in 


The King to Sir John Greenville. 

S' John Green vile, ^ considering how important it 
would be for the good of my aftaires to haiie a body 
of men in a readines to countenance any attempt 
that shall be made by my good subjects in the West,t 
for recovering my just rights, their owne libertys, 
and suppressing the present barbarous and bloody 
Vsurpers, especially in a place soe neere and op- 
portune for the seconding any such enterprize 
as that under your charge; I haue thought good 
to desire and require you, to gather & entertaine 
as many souldiers, and to prouide what store of 
armes & munition you can possibly, and as may 
consist with the necessary subsistence of y* garrison 
under your com'and, to be ready to be seasonably 
transported on any good occasion : In w** busines 
soe highly conducing to the good of ray seruice, as I 
am very confident your particular relation and aft'ec- 
tion to my person and interests will prompt you to 
imploy your utmost industry and assistance, soe you 
may rest assured, that w* you shall therein performe 
shall ever be acknowledged on any seasonable occa- 
sion that may manifest your deserts and y' esteeme 
and kindnes I haue for you, who am 

Your lonng friend, 

Charles R. 
St. JoH.fSTOHS, 2 Oct. 1650. 

77i€ King to Sir Richard GrenviUe. 

S' Rich: Greenville, though it be not seasonable 
for me to giue powers to any to appeare for me, in 
regard of the diverse affecc'ons and dispositions of 

• He was afterwards Earl of Bath. 
+ Thoroughly weary of the thraldom of obligation to the Scotch 
Coyenantera, this and the following letter (both of which are taken 
firom copies) contain evidence of the writer's anxiety again to engage 
the service of the English royalists- See also a letter of Abraham 
Cowley to Lord Arlington, in the Miscellanea A ulica, p. 1 52. 


y* people I liaue to deale with in the present con- 
juncture of my affaires, yet I held it requisite to 
cherishe the good affecc^ons of those who haue the 
like kindnes for me as I haue observed in you, 
desiring you to continue constant therein, and to 
keepe your selfe in readines for my imployments 
when it shalbe seasonable, and in the meane time 
not only to be your selfe very secret and circum- 
spect in what concernes my interests, but by all 
meanes to procure that all others be soe likewise, 
least if the Rebells shall discerne and app^'hend any 
disposition & intention in any of my good subjects 
to assist me, they shall, to p*vent the same, use 
^iolence on those that are best inclined to my 
service. I haue soe great confidence in your affec- 
tion as I am assured of your readines, and when 
there shalbe a fitt opportunity you shall be sure to 
heare from 

Your very louing friend, 

Charles R. 
St. Johnstons, 2'' of 8*'', 1650. 

The Duke of York to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Sir Edw. Nicolas, though I haue much desired 
your company and aduise, yet not with the hinder- 
ance of the Kings seruise, nor your one incon- 
venince : but that now vpon the death of the Prince of 
Orange,* I haue more neede of your councell then 
eiier, which I desir you to comunicat to me by letter 
or any other waye as you shall thinke fitt. I desire 
you also to moue my Lord Culpeper t for monye to 
defray the charges of the Kings horses ; as well for 
the Kings honor, as to preserve 8 of the best of them 
for the Kings use. I desire you would aduise me 
wheither I may not presse my Lord Culpeper to 

* Who died on the 24th of this month. 
f The first peer of that name. He joined the deceased King's 
councils at the same time with Hyde and Falkland ; was an exile, 
for twelve years, with his son; and on the Restoration vraa made 
Master of the Rolls. 


lend me 1500 or 2000 Pounds, to be repayd if the 
King allow it not : the wanting of those supplies 
which I expected from the King and the Prince of 
Orange enforces me to this councell, wherein I 
desire your assistance with my Lord Culpeper if you 
aproue of it : desiring you to beleiue that I shall 
euer be 

Your very aflfectionat friend, 

Bruxells, iVoucm; 12. 1650. 

Indoraed by Sir E. Nicholas. 
2.12' Ni^-^^, 1650. K 8-18°. The D. of Yorke from Braxells 
to me. 

Copie ofy Dukes Letter to my Lord Culpeper. 

My Lord, the Kinges horses are to be sold for 
money to pay for their meat. Some of them are 
much pris'd by his Ma'^, and cannot be sold to their 
worth : therefore I desire that you would laye downe 
the money due for their charges, so that the Kinges 
honor may be preserued, and the best of y' horses 
still kept for y' Kings use : w'** w"'' I am sure his 
Ma*'* wUbe well pleased. 

I rest your louinge friend, 


Bbuxslls, Nmemh. 12, 1650. 

The Duke of York to Sir Edward Nicholas.* 

Sir Edw. Nicholas, I haue receiued yours of the 8. 
of Nouember from the Hage, and with it that from 
Dicke Fanshaw, and I haue as you desired me lett 
the King know why I had you not heare with me, 
which he knows very well M'as not your fault, and I 
am sure he is well satisfy de with you, and has the 
same esteeme he always had for you, of which I am 

• This letter was written after the battle of Worcester, fought on 
the same day as that of Dunbar, the .3rd of September. It was on the 
2nd of November that Charles landed in Normandy. 


confident before this tyme you haue knowledge of 
in his hauing sent for you to come heither to him, 
which makes mee now that I shall not say any thing 
more to you, because I hope to see you shortly, till 
when you may assure your selfe that I shall euer be 
Your most assured freind, 


Piai8,iV<w. 18, 1651. 

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Fakis, April 6, 1652. 

Mr. Sec. Nicholas, I haue receaued yours of the 
28 of the last month, and doe very well approue of 
your sending me intelligence in your letters to the 
Chancelour,* by whom you shall againe receaue my 
pleasure, and information of all my purposes and 
resolutions, and directions concerning your selfe, w'''' 
the unsetlednesse of my condition heitherto hath 
kept me from sending so positiuely to you, as I hope 
shortly to doe. In the meane time assure your selfe 
I rely upon noe mans fidelitie and affection more then 
on yours, and you shall allwais find me to be 
Your most assured frend, 

Charles K. 

The Princess Dowager of Orange to Sir Edward 

Bkeda, 21 July, 1653.t 

Mr. Secretarie, I haue been so long without giuing 
you thanks for all y*^ letters, that if I did not hope 
you would not impute it to neglect, I should not 
know which way now to desire you to continu, but 

* Sir Edward Hyde ; but be is not marked on the lists as Chan* 
cellor until 1658. 

f Tbis letter has reference to the Treaty then pending between 
Holland and the English Commonwealth. The negotiations were 
finally settled on the 5th May, 1654. 


your knowing how little I loue this exercise will (I 
dout not) justifie mee enough in y' opinion. I am very 
vnsertain of ray stay here, because it depends vpon 
his Majestis remouc,* who I wish with all my hart 
would not come into thesse parts till hee sees what 
bccoras of the treatty, for I do much aprehend at 
last thay will agree : the Hollanders desiring nothing 
more. By this imagine how ill his Ma''" receiption 
will bee : Pray let mee know your opinion of this, and 
whether you beleeue ther will be a peace, which in 
doing you will much oblige 

Your affectionate friend, 


TTie King to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Pabjs, Sept: 28, 1658.t 

Nicholas, I am very well pleased with the paines I 
perceaue by your letters to the Chancelour you take 
in my seruice, and you must upon all occasions lett 
those good men know, who communicate freely with 
you, that I am very sensible of their affections to 
me w'** I will requite when it shall be in my power : 
I am exceedingly troubled at any factions and 
iealosyes amongst those who wish me well, and will 
use all my power to compose them, and if you meete 
with any who have hearetofore bene averse to those 
wayes, w'** haue bene most conducinge to my seruice, 
or bene opposite to that party w''' hath bene most 
tender of me, you may confidently assure them, if 
they haue now changed ther mindes, I will be there 
harty frind, and be very carfuU to aduance there 

* Charles was theu at PariB. From a letter written by Abraham 
Cowley to Lord Arlington very soon after this period, it appears that 
tlie King's dependence on Dutch friendship was greater than his 
sister's. He believed that the eagerness to conclude a treaty with 
Cromwell was not the wish of the States, but merely of a party which 
then was predominant. See Miscellanea Aulica, p. l-iS. 

+ This letter was written only a few weeks previous to Cromwell's 
assmnption of the Protectorate. The initials in the latter part refer 
evidently to Sir Marmaduke Langdale and Mons. Befort. 


interest, and to requite there good will : In the par- 
ticular w'^'' you and S"^ M. L: haue consulted, I thinke 
best to acquiesse in that generall, untill there shall 
be some declaration of at least an inclination towards 
me, and you shall let Mon' Be: (to whom you are to 
commende me kindly) know that I shall then make 
it appeare, that it is in ray power to add more 
strenght to those states then is imaginable : if jou 
haue interest in any discreete person who is a con- 
fident of Count Williams, I would be glad he should 
know, that I haue great kindnesse for him, and doe 
much depend upon his good will and frindshipe to 
me in all my concememeuts, as indeede I do;* pro- 
ceede as you haue begun, w"^ is very acceptable to 
Your constant louing frind, 

Charles R. 

Copie of the Kings. {Charles II.) Letter to the Duke 
of Glocester, concerning his being tempted to turne 

CoiK>iONE, Nov. ]0: 1664.t 
Deare Brother, 
I have receaued yo" without a date in w"^ you tell 
me that Mr. Montague has endeauord to pervert you 
from yo'' religion. I doe not doubt but you remem- 
ber very well y" com'ands I left w"" you at my going 
away concerning y' point. I am confident you will 
observe them : yet yo"" letters that come from Paris 
say that it is y" Queenes purpose to do all shee can 
to change yo'^ religion, J in w"'' if you do hearken to 

* Charles's mode of expression here is worth remarking. Policy 
obliged him so often to express favour and affection to those for 
whom he had a very different feeling, that the addition of " as 
indeede I do " seems necessary on occasion as a guarantee of good 

t Charles left Paris for Cologne on the 18th of October, and 
received much attention and kindness from the Princes of Germany. 
This letter oddly contrasts with what the writer afterwards became. 

X In some private instructions given by Charles to the Duke of 
York, and dated the 13th July, 1654, there is a passage expressing 
the same anxiety about his brother, and strongly mai-king the Queen- 


her or any body els in that matter, you must never 
thinke to see England or mee againe, & w'soeuer 
mischiefe shall fall on mee or my affaires from this 
time I must lay all upon you as being y" only cause 
of it. Therefore consider well what it is to bee not 
onely y* cause of ruining a Brother that loves you so 
well, but also of yo' King & Country. Do not lett 
them p'suade you eithw by force or faire p'mises j 
for the first they neither dare, nor will use, and for 
the second, as soone as they have perverted you they 
will haue their end, aud then they will care no more 
for you. I am also informed y' there is a purpose to 
putt you into y* Jesuits' Colledge, w'^'' I command 
you upon y* same grounds neuer to consent unto. 
And when soever any body shall goe to dispute w"' 
you in religion doo not answeare them at all. For 
though you haue the reaso* on yo" side, yett they 
being prepared will haue y' aduantage of any body 
y* is not upon y* same security that they are. If you 
do not consider what I say unto you. Remember the 
last words of yo" dead Father, w"'' were to bee con- 
stant to yo' religion & neuer to bee shaken in it. 
"\ych jf yQ^ ^Qg jjQ^ obserue, this shall bee y* last 
time you will heare from 
(Deare Brother) 

yo' most affectionate brother, 

Charles R. 

mother's breach of promise on the subject. " I have told you that 
the Queen hatli promised me concerning my brother Harry in point 
of religion, and I have giveri him charge to inform you if any 
attempt shall be made upon him to the contraiy ; in which case you 
will take the best care you can to prevent his being wrought upon, 
since you canuot but know how much you and I are concern'd in it." 
See Miscellanea Aulica, p. 108. The " Mr. Montague " alluded to 
was Walter Montague, who had lately entered into Priest's orders, 
and, upon the death of Father Philips, became the Queen's confessor. 
Carte, in his Life of Ormond, speaks of his " busy temper, spiritual 
pride, and furious zeal." Some further particulars of this bigoted 
Abbot of Pontoise, who was second son of the Earl of Manchester, 
may be found in p. G76, vol. II. of the Sidney Papers. And see 
antc^ p. 75. 


The Queen of Bohemia * to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Mr. Secretarie, I ame verie glade to finde by your 
letter that you are safelie arriued and all your com- 
panie at Aix^f and that you found the King and my 
Neece % so well in health and so kinde one to the 
other, which has euer bene so since I haue knowen 
them. I beleeue indeed the seperation will be hard, 
but when there is no remedie one must be content. 
As for my iourney up hill I cannot tell what to say 
to it, S"" Charles Cottrell § shall informe you how it 
goes but slowlie on, and which is stranger that it is 
not my fault. Dr. Morley has made a verie good 
description of the Queene of Sweden : || she 
gaue an assignation to the French Ambassadour 
to meet her at Breda, whither he went, and so did 
the Prince and Princess T[ of Tarente and most 

* Sister to Charles the First ; a woman whose beauty and spirit 
increased the sympathy justly due to her misfortunes. She had lost 
her eldest son shortly before her husband's death. Her second son 
■was Charles Louis, the exiled Elector Palatine; her third, the Prince 
Rupert; her youngest, the Prince Maurice. Through her daughter 
Sophia, afterwards Electress of Hanover, the present royal family 
occupy the English throne. The letters now printed are very interest- 
ing specimens of her style of correspondence, and form an apt and 
valuable commentary upon the graver records of this important period. 

f Aix-la-Chapelle. 

X Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans, 

§ Repeatedly mentioned in letters from the Elector Palatine to his 
mother, preserved in Bromley's Collection. He appears to have been 
attached to the personal service of the Queen of Bohemia. 

II The far-famed Christina. It was in this year that she abdicated 
the throne. There were several personal squabbles between the 
Ex-Queen of Sweden and the Ex-Queen of Bohemia ; and Christina 
was not a little jealous of Elizabeth's distinguished correspondents, 
among whom she at this time numbered Des Cartes and Admiral Penn. 
Christina, who had just treated and negotiated with Cromwell,even after 
her abdication still attempted to mingle in politics. She also offered oc- 
casionally personal slights to the Queen of Bohemia; which may account 
for the manner in which she is spoken of in passages of these letters. 

5f The writer's spleen against Christina seems here to extend itself 
even to her own relations : for Emilia, Princess of Tarente, was 
daughter of William, Landgrave of Hesse Cassel ; and Charlotte, 


of our French gallants. Mho came all sneaking 
home againe, for her greefe was so great for the 
beating of the Spanish armie before Arras * as she 
would not goe to Breda. She sent another account 
than that to the Ambassadour as tou may imagin, 
but the Landgrave writt the truth to his ueece the 
Princess of T.'irente. We haue yet heere no parti- 
cullars of this defeat, but in generall it is a verie 
great one. I long to heare what part my godsonnef 
had in it, for I still thinke of him, l)eing my cheefest 
comfort next your excellent Master. I ame verie glad 
your daughter is so well, I doe not wonder at it, she is 
soe well vsed, and now she has her father with her 
she is the more content, and I take it verie well 
tliat all this makes her not forget her frends heere. 
I assure you I long to haue her heere againe. I 
am verie sorie for poore Killegrew,J she was a verie 
good gentlewoman. You will heare by M"* Howards 
letter howe great a scape my little Nephue § 
escaped yesterday vpon the bridge at the Princess 
of Orange's house, but God be thanked there was 
no hurt onelie the coache broken : I tooke him into 
my coache and brought him home. The Princess 
of Orange went from hence vpon Saterday, and you 
will haue our Baron shortlie with you at Aix, he 
will tell you the second part of the Queene of 
Sweden, for he comes from her to your Court, to 

another daughter of the Hessian Elector, was wife to her son Charles 
Louis. The Prir.ce was Henry Charles de la Tremouille, then in the 
service of the States, and in command of the Hessian cavalry. His 
connexion with these families procured him to be chosen a Knight of 
the Garter in 1653, along with the young Duke of Gloucester. 

* An allusion to the defeat of the Spaniards by the French on St. 
Louis's day, when their lines were forced, whilst besieging Arras, 
with great slaughter. 

+ In riie Queen's letters preserved in the Bromley Collection 
there are also frequent allusions to this " godsonne.'' In one place 
(p. 286) she speaks of him under the name of ''Tint," playfully 
writing to a familiar friend. 

+ « Kate Killigrew," daughter of Lord Stafford. She had been 
Maid of Honour to the Queen upwards of eight years. A curious 
letter, introducing this lady to her Majesty in 1G46, may be referred 
to in Brovdetft Royal Lttttn, p. 1 Zj. 

§ Afterwards William the Third. 


morrow I beleeve I shall goe a shooting, which I 
haiie not done since you went. I am verie glade to 
heere that you are established in your place, which 
you desarve so well, this is no complement but the 
verie truth from 

Your most affectionat frend, 


HagEj^w^. 31. 

I am verie sorie for my Lo: Wentworths sickness. 
I pray lett him know so from me, and remember me 
to Mr. Chancellour. 

I pray remember my humble seniice to the King : 
the news of beating the Scotch * is now tolde quite 
contrarie by a ship come from thence. 

" For Mr. Secretarie." 

Indorsed by Sir E. N. 31° Aug: st: No: 16.54. R. 3". 7*'«. 
Queene of Bohemia to me. 

The Queen of Bohemia to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Hagh, Sep: 7 (1654). 

Mr. Secretarie, I thanke you both for the good 
news you writt to S' Charles Cottrell out of Holland, 
and for your letter I receaued this morning with the 
relation of the defeat before Arras. I hope you will 
send that of Holland to Curtiusf that the beleef of 
the Scotch defeat may not be continued in Germanie. 
but none pleaseth me better then what you write of 
my deere Godsonne, and the continuance of my 
Neeces good health. The Queen of Sweden is yett 
at Anwerp, wee looke euerie day to see the Land- 
grave heere, and by him I shall know what she will 
doe. It is certaine that the flux is much in Monkes 

• This was a trifling affair ; being merely a check given tf> 
Lilbum, the Parliamentary General, who commanded during Crom- 
well's absence. 

f Curtius had long been the English agent, at Frankfort, to the 
German princes. He had been Secretary to the King of Bohemia, 
and in 1640 was also employed by Charles the First in Grermanic 


army,* a Scotchman that is come from thence reports 
it, and all the particulars you haue written. Dr. 
Morley has a letter from Anwerp of some trouble by 
a discouerie of a new treason in London of the 
levellers against his pretious highness, but I beleeue 
you will haue more particullars of that then wee 
heere.t Dr. Earle setts forwards to morrow to Breda 
and so to Aix. I doe not write to you by him 
because this will be sooner with you. Our Baron 
has sent for his man Smith to meet him God knows 
where, for I doe not, I beleeve you will haue him at 
Aix : he is the direct wandring Jew. My Ladie 
Herbert is looked for heere shortlie, but she was not 
come from Paris the last week. I heare M" Hide J 
is to come to my Neece in M" Killegrews place, 
which I am verie glad of, she is verie fitt for itt and 
a great fauorit of mine, who ame euer 

Your most afiectio 

nat Frend, 

I pray lett my Lord Wentworth know I ame 
extreme glade he is of the kings councell, being so 
much his frend as I ame I cannot but wish him 
much ioye of it. 

Indorsed, 7° Sep^^f 1 654. The Queene of Bohemia to me. 

* Monk commanded in Scotland at this period ; having superseded 
Lilbum, Morgan, and other Parliamentary officers. 

f This was immediately after Cromwell's assumption of the Pro- 
tectorate. It was on the 3rd of tlie present month that he called 
together his first pai-liament; and eight days after the date of this 
letter, the members swore fealty to him. 

1^ Afterwards Duchess of York. Though not yet married to the 
Duke, Mrs. Hyde appears to have engaged much of the royal atten- 
tion at this time. Charles, in a letter to Bennet, aftertvards Earl of 
Arlington, in 1655, says, " I will try whether Sir S. Compton be so 
much in love as you say, for I will name Mrs. Hyde before him so by 
chance, that except he be very much smitten it shall not at all move 
him." Sir Spencer Compton, son of the Earl of Northampton, was 
the youth of whose loyal and gallant infancy Sir Philip Warwick relates, 
that though not able to grasp a pistol, yet in indignation he cried 
because be was not exposed to the same hazard his brothers were. 


The Queen of Bohemia to Mr. Secretary Nicholas. 

Hagh, iSfep; 15. (1654.) 

Mr. Secretarie, I assure you your letters are always 
verie welcome to me. I hope before this come to 
you, you will receaue a pacquet from Scotland which 
came to Roterdam, and ould Will. Kepley caries 
himself to Aix. I shall be verie glad to know what 
news it brings, because heere is againe news of 
Monkes being beaten, which a man of Midletons 
writes to Straghen from Stranaven or such a name, 
and from my Lo. of [illegible] , and that all long for 
the King. Stone is at last here, he saith that 
Cromwell will be now either King or Emperour, I 
wish him the latter, he has heard nothing of 
Bamfeild, but I easilie beleeue he is honnest enough 
to be well used by Cromwell, he tells the Fleet as 
you hear, but it will not be beleeued heere. This 
day the assemblie of Hollande begins, theire agent 
in Sueden writt to the States Generall, that S"" George 
Fleetwood, brother to him that is Leftenant of Irland, 
tolde him that he knew Cromwell had saide he woulde 
keepe the peace with the States no longer then he 
found it good for his interests, and woulde break with 
the first occasion that he can for the good of his 
deseins. Those of Hollande are verie angrie at the 
agent for writing this : those that have scene the 
letter tolde it me. it is so late as I can say no more, 
but ame euer 

Your most affectionat frend.* 

I pray remember me to my lord Wentworth, I 
have not time to answer his letter but will doe it by 
the first post. 

15° T*""", 1654. R: -^j. Qu: of Bohemia. 

• The letters of the Queen which follow, where her name is not 
subscribed, are signed with her cipher, as in the letter preceding this, 
and thatj post, at p. 226. 



The Queen of Bohemia to Mr. Secretary Nicholas. 

Haoe, Sejh- 21. 

Mr. Secretarie, I thanke you for yours of the 18 of 
Sept: yesterday I was tolde that all the people at 
Bruxelles were sending thcire goods to Antwerp for 
feare of the French.* Some in a ship come out of 
England say that the mock Parliament beginn to 
dispute their priuiledges with Cromwell, but I feare 
they will but too well agree. I ame verie glade the 
King used Prince Williame and his ladief so well. 
BoswellJ is well enough serued, but I pittie him for 
he is vtterlie vndone. there is heere no news at all, 
onelie Mons' de Wimmenom is verie sick. the 
States of Holland are assembled, but Brederoke, 
Opdam, and Merode are not yett come, it is now 
verie faire weather, when the Princess of Tarents 
picture is ended by Louyr, which Avill be this day, 
then I may chance goe a shooting,§ which I have not 
done since you went. I pray deliuer this inclosed to 
the King with my humble service. I ame euer 

Your most aflfectionat frend. 

I pray lett me know if the Queene of Suedcn did 
write to the King by my Lord of Norwich, and if 
she did it ciuilie or not. Sure Dick Harding is 
growen a fish in his baths, for he is as mute as one, tell 
him so from me. I think the King had better stay 
where he is then to goe to Collein, he will not be so 
much at his leisure there as at Aix, those of Collein 
are odd people, so as I ame of your opinion. 

^ 7*^, 1654. R. ^. Queene of Bohemia to me. 

* In consequence of the war existiug in Flanders, between France 
and Spain. 

+ Sister of the late Stadtholder. 

X Sir William Boswell, already noticed. 

§ Hunting seems also to have been a very favourite amusement of 
her Majesty of Bohemia. It is frequently alluded to in these letters; 
and in those of Bromley's Collection, sixteen years earlier, there are 
several references to it. 


The Queen of Bohemia to Mr. Secretary Nicholas. 

Mr. Secretarie, I ame verie glade that I shall see 
my Neece heere so soone, and 1 thanke you for all 
your other news. I beleeue Dr. Morley will write 
those that he heares out of England of Cromwells 
dessoluing of his Parliament,* for being so ungratious 
as not to doe as he woulde haue them, it was con- 
firmed to me the last night by one of the States 
Generally for three of ther Deputies are come from 
London that were sent about the treatie of the 
AmV°" and the other disputes ; they confirme all, but 
it was so late that I coulde not heare of the particullars. 
the same State tolde me there was a speech of part 
of the orange and red men in rebellion against his 
pretious highness. I pray tell your daughter all 
this, for I had sealed her letter before I had the cer- 
taintie of the news. I ame verie glad the king 
resolues to stay at Aix, it is much better than 
Collein. I heare there is one that has heeretofore 
served my Lo: of Brainfordf paked from Scotland to 
the King but three days agone, and came from 
thence but sixe days before, he would tell no news 
but made hast away. Soone as he went, there 
reached heere one Thomson, one I haue scene before : 
he tells all the particullars of the defeat that is so 
bragged of. he saith that they were dispersed vpon 
it, but it is aboue fine weekes since he came from 

* An allusion to the transactions of the 3rd of September, 1654, 
when Cromwell summoned that Parliament which he immediately 
afterwards dissolved for their opposition to his assumption of the 
Protectorate. The speech to which the Queen of Bohemia refers 
was that remarkable one on the first sitting of the House, when a 
member, after denying the authority which had called them together, 
boldly exclaimed, " that as God had made him instrumental in 
cutting down tyranny in one man, so now he could not endure to see 
the nation's liberties shackled by another, who had no right to the 
government but by the length of his sword." 

f Patrick Ruthen, Earl of Forth, in Scotland. He had been 
General of Charles's forces during the Rebelhon ; but was dead at the 
date of this letter. 



thence, being come thourough England by his 
countrie, the borders, where in his passage he mett 
with a partie where he was hurt and lamed, but for 
all that he is gone to the King, he much eom- 
plaines of diuisions amongst them, and not of Sir 
George Monroe, which they doe also. I doe admire 
how^ people could tell so great a lye as the pacquet, 
but it is verie common amongst my countriemen. 
Phil: Mohun is heere, she is fled from England 
fearing to be imprisoned by Cromwell, shes verie 
good companie and talkes verie freclie but hand- 
somlie. My Ladie Herbert is also heere, since 
Sunday last ; I haue had yett no time to aske her anie 
thing, hauing not scene her since Sunday. Thorn: 
Doleman"" is heere and desires leeue to see me, 
which I haue put off untill I know the Kings plea- 
sure : for hauing so openlie owned the setting forward 
of the treatie I Avill not see him without the Kings 
approbation. I haue writt thus to your daughter, 
and desire you both to know the Kings pleasure in 
it. I entreat you besides to remember my humble 
seruice to him, and keepe me still in his good 
opinion, for it is the best seruice and frendship you 
can doe to 

Your most affectionat 

Hach, Sep. 29. 

I bragged to soone of shooting, for since I wrote 
the weather has not serucd. 

** For Mr. Secreterie." 

29« 7»*, 1654. R: 8»™. The Queene to me. 

* Dolman had suffered much in the royal cause during the civil 
wars. He was a Berkshire gentleman; and his house at Shaw, just 
below Donnington Castle, was one of the points of attack during the 
battle of Newbury, from which a good defence was made against 
Lord Manchester. 


The Queen of Bohemia to Mr. Secretary Nicholas. 

Hagh, Oct. 2. (1654.) 

Mr. Secretarie, I send you heere a letter for the 
King, it is about a match betwixt Prince Adolphe 
the King of Suedes brother and Sophie ; * he has 
desired it verie handsomlie : my sonne has con- 
sented to it, reseruing the King of Suedens consent 
and mine, who ame to acquaint the King with it. 
I doe it now, and send you the copie of Prince 
Adolphes letter, I pray gett an answere from the 
King as soone as you can. I haue no more to say, 
but am euer 

Your most affectionat frend. 

I pray assure me to my Lo: Wentworth, I write 
not now to him, I haue no time, for the poste is 
readie to goe. I pray say the same to reuerent 
Dick Harding. 

"2° S*""", 1654. St No. R. 4°. The Queene of Bohemia to me con- 
cerning y« Kings consent for Pr'=**« Sophia to marry Pr'^ Adolpb, j "= 
King of Swedens brother." 

The Queen of Bohemia to Mr. Secretary Nicholas. 

Hagh, Oa. 19. (1654.) 

Mr. Secretarie, hearing that you may chance to 
stay all this week at Collein, I send you this inclosed 
for the King, to giue him humble thankes for his 
aprobation of Sophies mariage. You will haue vn- 
derstood by Curtius all the newes of Germanic, for 
his going to waite vpon the King. You will finde 
by the English prints that they are forbiden to write 
anie thing of the proceedings of their mock Parlia- 

* Daughter of the Queen of Bohemia, afterwards married to the 
Elector of Hanover, and thence the stem of descent of the reigning 
family of England. 


ment. I was at Delft to see the wrack that was 
made by the blowing up of the powder this day 
seuenight, it is a sad sight, whole streets quite 
razed ; not one stone vpon another, it is not yett 
knowen how manie persons are lost, there is scarse 
anie house in the touue but the tyles are off. 
— {A great blot on the paper.) Apollo with leaping 
into my lapp has made this blott. Thorn. Killegrew 
is heere, who makes a rare relation of the Queene 
of Sueden. It is verie colde, which I hope will 
dimiuish the plague. I pray be confident that I am 
euer Your most affectionat frend, 


I ame extreme glade to heare that the King is 
satisfied with Ruperts letter, and that he has an- 
swered him so kindlie. I pray doe poore Curtius all 
the fauour you can, that he haue something from the 
King to incourage him the more to serue him. 

The Queen of Bohemia to Mr. Secretary Nicholas. 

Hagh No: 16. (1654.) 

Mr. Secretarie, iust now I receaue yours, and for 
a cause that you shall know heereafter I now answer 
you, this is a riddle which none but your daughter 
and two more know. I was Satterday last witli my 
best Neece* at Speilng, it being her birth day. I 
ashure you she is [in] much trouble for her deare 
Brother the D. of Glocester, all the world vvoulde 
looke for no other I can witness for you. — I ame 
sorie the King has so much cause of greef, I beseech 
God he may speedilie remedie it. I beleeue my 
deare Nephue has a good resolution, but there is no 
trusting to one of his age. I confess I did not think 

* Perhaps the Princess Dowager of Orange, par excellence ; espe- 
cially as the whole passage seems to refer to the attempts made at 
Paris, by Queen Henrietta Maria and her friends, to induce the 
young Prince to change his religion. 


the Queene woulde haue proceeded thus : all is kept 
heere verie secret that Prince Will :* doth in Overizel, 
but I ame tolde that all goes well, and that Deventer 
"which toune Avas the most against will doe well, as 
also Rupert who was of the other faction,t i^ot 
against the P. of Orange but Marshals. I pray 
beleeue me constantlie for I ame so 

Your most affectionat frend. 

I send you a letter for the best of Kings, tis about 
Thom. Killegrew^s business. I pray remember me 
to Mr. Chancelour, and tell him his Ladie and my 
faourit his daughter came hither upon Saterday, and 
are gone this day to Teiling. I finde my faourit 
growen euerie way to her aduantage. 

_6^o jvb*"", 1654. R. -jY- The Queene of Bohemia to me. 

The Queen of Bohemia to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Hagh, Be: 3. (1654.) 

Mr. Secretarie, I receaued yours at Berghen, 
whither I was come from Anwerp and Bruxells. I 
find you haue vnridled my riddle verie right. I saw 
the Queene of Sueden at the play, she is extrauagant 
in her fashion and aparell, but she has a good well 
fauoured face, and a milde countenance. One of the 
players Avho knew me tolde her who I was, but she 
made no shew of it. I went the next day to Bruxelles, 
where I saw the Arch-due at mass, and I saw his 
pictures and lodgins. I lay at S' Harry de Vics,J 

* Prince of Nassau Dietz, married to the Stadtholder's sister. 

-f- Evidently an allusion to the De Wit agitation, which at this 
moment was disturbing the United Provinces. The object was to 
deprive the hifant Stadtholder of his official power, and give it 
solely to the Assembly of the States. This, in fact, had been one 
of the articles which Cromwell urged upon the States as a sine 
qua non. 

J Sir Henry de Vic had been long in the English service. He was 
with tlie Duke of Buckingham at Rochelle ; and there are several 
well-written letters from him to Lord Conway, respecting that affair, 
in Hardwicke's Collection of State Papers. 


who was verie careful! and dilligent to doe me all 
the service he coulde. I stayed but Sunday at 
Bruxelles, and returned to Anwerp vpon Munday, 
and heearing from Duart how the Queene of Sueden 
had desired to know when I came back thither, that 
she might meet with me in an indiferent place, 
I made the more hast away tlie next day because I 
had no minde to speak with her since I heard how 
unhandsomelie she had spoken of the King my deare 
Brother and of the King my deare Nephue, and 
indeed of all our nation, so I auoided it and went 
away as soone as I had dined. Yett she sent Donoy 
to me with a verie civill message that she was sorie 
she coulde not use that ciuilitie to me as she both 
should doe and desired, hoping that one day wee 
might meet together with more freedome; I an- 
swered her as civillie as I coulde, and now when I 
went from Berghen I gaue S' Will: Swann charge to 
make her a complement from me. I came hither 
vpon Tewsday from Berghen, where I was extremelie 
well intertained by the Princess of Zolem * who was 
with me and was my guide all the iourney, and 
defrayed me. her daughter is now so prettie cuerie 
way that you would like her yet better than euer you 
did if you saw her ; she is much growen and is 
still of a verie sweet disposition, and she doth 
become her : she has a great deal of witt and loues 
our nation extreamlie, it makes me think of your 
wishe t which I ame not against you know, by this 
post I haue had verie good news of the Duke of 
Glocesters constantie in his religion and of my Lo: 
of Ormonds handsome carriage in that business, J 
so as the Queen saith she will press him no further 

• Francisca, daughter of Frederick the Rhingrave, and wife of 
John George Prince of HohenzoUern. 

t A plan for a marriage between Charles II. and this young 
Princess, one of the daughters of the ZoUem family, appears at this 
time to have been under discussion. 

* This alludes to the attempt made to force the young Duke of 
Gloucester into the Jesuits' College ; from which, and other designs 
upon his religion, he was only saved by tlie Marquis of Ormond, who 
voluntarily offered his services to tlie King to snatch his brother 


in it, but I hope the King will not trust to it, but 
gett him away from thence, which will doe the King 
great right : it is so colde as I can say no more, but 
ame euer 

Your most affectionat frend. 

1 pray excuse me to my Lo. Wentworth and reve- 
rent Dick Harding till the next. 

" For M'. Secretarie." 

Z Dec: St: No: 1654. R. 6". The Queene of Bohemia conB her 
ioumey to see the Qu. of Sweeden. 

The Queene of Bohemia to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

HAGH,i)e;21. (1654.) 

M' Secretarie, I haue receaued yours of the 18 of 
this month. I long to heare my sweet Nephue * is 
at Bruxelles. My Neece has sent Nick: Armourer 
to meet him there. I haue written to him by him, 
if the King woulde permitt him to take this place 
and Tailing in his way from Bruxelles he woulde 
make his Sister f and me verie glade : he need not 
make such hast to see him, it is but the other day 
since he was with him, but it is much longer since wee 
saw him, and I ame sure our hoghen Moghens will 
take no notice of it if they be not asked the question 
as they were for the King^s comming to Breda. To 
be with his Sister some time can doe him no harme. 
I haue taken the boldness to write the same by 
my Lo: Gerard % to the King, who I beleeue will 
be with you as soone as this letter, for he went 
from hence vpon Saterday last. We heere nothing 

out of the hands of the Queen-mother and her Confessor Montague. 
Carte's Life of Ortnond, vol. ii., pp. 163 — 7, contains a very amusing 
account of the whole transaction, telling much to the credit of the 

* The Duke of Gloucester, who had just been brought from Paris 
by the Marquis of Ormond. 

+ The Princess Dowager of Orange. 

X Lord Gerard of Bromley; a title now extinct. 


of the rebells fleet heeraboiits, hut they say that 
Blag * is to ioine with the Spanish fleet against the 
Duke of Guise. The French Ambassadour beleeues 
the trcatie with Cromwell as good as broken ; he is 
much ioyed that the meeting betwixt the Queene 
of Sueden and P. of Conde t was to neither of theire 
content, for he desired to be receaued as the Queene 
receaued the Arcdduc, Mhich she refused, saying she 
had done too much in that and woulde doe so no 
more, yet he came to see her brusqttement a I'im- 
pronist, and did nothing but railler her in his talke, 
which putt her so out as she said almost not one 
worde. This was in the morning ; after dinner she 
sent to know if he woulde see the play at night, 
he said he would obey her, but desired to know 
whither he shoulde come knowen or as vnknowen, 
for if he came as Prince of Conde he looked tohaue 
a chaise a bras as the Archduc had — she saide he had 
better come unknowen, so he came, and she stood 
all the play, railling with Mon' Quito the Princes 
favourit. the next day the P. went to Bruxelles, and 
neither of them well satisfied with the other. My 
La: Swann \vill be heere within a few days, by her I 
shall know more of this : I haue heard the reason 
of S' Henry de Vies iourney to Coloign : % since it 
is a doting time for the kings oulde Ministers of 

• Admiral Blake is the personage here alluded to. The Duke of 
Guise died very soon after this letter was written, in consequence 
of wounds received at the siege of Arraa. 

+ Yet the Prince de Conde was a great admirer of Ciiristina, being 
recorded to have exclaimed of her abdication — " How great is the 
magnanimity of this Princess, who could so easily give up that for 
which mankind are continually destroying each other, and which so 
many throughout their whole lives pursue without attaining ! " Conde, 
at the period here recorded, was in exile at Brussels ; and though they 
had their differences on tlie score of etiquette, they appear to have 
talked familiai-ly on meeting. " Cousin ! " exclaimed Christina, " who 
would have thought ten years ago that we should have met at this 
distance from our countries 1" Tiio Prince might have thanked her 
for his exile, as it arose partly from her intermeddling in the affairs 
of the Fronde in France, a few years previous. 

X It was an affair of coui'tship. Her Majesty again alludes to it in 
the next letter but one. 


State, I thanke God your wife is yet aliue, for feare 
you should fall in loue againe. I pray lett me know 
when that wedding will be^ for I (will) send you a 
letter to reverent Dick to bespeak him for bride- 
man. I thank you for your congratulation of 
Apollos * returne, you know how great a favorit he 
is to 

Your most affection at frend. 

I pray tell my Ladie Hide I ame verie glade she 
is so well come to Coloigne. 

" For M' Secretarie." 

^ jDec: 1654. R. ^. The Qu: of Bohemia cos the Pr. of Conde 
ond the Qu: of Sweedes being unsatisfied w** each other. 

The Queen of Bohemia to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Hagh, Bee: 27 (1654). 

Mr. Secretarie, since you wrote yours, I under- 
stand that that arch villaine Manning has receaued 
his iust desert.f I wish all those of his cabal with him. 
I wish I might know whome he has accused on this 
side the sea, to auoide them, but this is onelie in 
ease you may tell it, for I doe not desire it otherwise; 
I haue curiositie enough to desire to know the rest, 
but I will not desire but as you think fitt. There is 

* The Queen's lap-dog, already noticed. 
+ The assassination of this Manning, thus referred to by the Queen, 
is related in a scarce tract, now in the British Museum, which pro- 
fesses to give a memoir of Charles during his exile. " Before his 
Majesty's departure from Colen, there happened a discovery of one 
of those persons who, under pretence of waiting upon him (Capt. 
Manning by name) discovered unto the Protector all his designs and 
counsels ; who being found out, was by his Majesty's command sent 
to a strong castle adjacent to Colen, there to be kept close prisoner. 
But all the Court being highly incensed against him for his per- 
fidiousnesse, one of his Majesty's servants (though contrary to order) 
pistoled him as he was lighting out of the coach at the Castle gate, 
giving him less than the due reward of his so abominable treachery." 
It was by Manning that Penruddock had been betrayed. He corre- 
sponded with Thurloe. 


little news heere, the King of Sueden* has a sonne 

born to him and has and prospers exceed- 

inglie. the K. of Polandf is in Silesia, hunts and 
passeth his time with little care of anie thing else, 
this I haue from his owne resident, but I feare the 
Electour of Brandebourg J will be in a ill condition 
if he doe not make an agreement with the King of 
Sueden. it is beleeued that Prince Williame will 
be shortlie Marschall of the Feelde : those that were 
so much against him are not now so fierce : else 
there is no news, onely Scone is come, and I hope 
all will be well ended in that foolish business. I 
ame euer 

Your most affectionat frend. 

Mr. Charles Cottrell, my Lo: "Wentworth,§ and 
reverent Dick Harding, I cannot write to them now 
for lack of time. I pray say the same to Mons' 
Soiret from me. 

The Queen of Bohemia to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Haqh, Jan: 4 (1654-S.) 

Mr. Secretarie, I haue receaued yours of the 29th at 
my returne vpon Thursday last from Tciling, and this 
morning I haue letters from Bruxelles, who tell me 
that my deare nephue the D. of Gloucester was there 
vpon new years cue the same day I was at Tailing, but 

• Charles Gustavus, Dake of Deux Fonts, who had recently suc- 
ceeded the abdicated Christina. 

t The well-known John Casimir. The Queen's observations seem 
almost prophetic; the whole of Poland having been conquered by the 
Swedes in less than two ycai's after tlie date of this lettsr. 

J George WiUiam, grandfather of the first King of Prussia. 

§ Lord Wentworth had been high in command, during the Civil 
Wars ; and after Goring went to Fi-ance, a second time, he had the 
command of the Western army. Yet Bulstrode says of him that " he 
was a very lazy and unactive man, and was not thought either of 
interest, experience, courage, or reputation enough lor that trust 
which was devolved upon him." There are some curious anecdotes 
of him iu Bulstrode's Memoirs, p. 15U, &c. 


when lie came thither or goes from thence I know not.- 
I ame extreme glade the King permitts (him) to see 
his sister and me. I hope he will suffer him to stay- 
some time with my deare Neece, it will be a great 
contentment to her and no hurt to him^ and as long 
as there is nothing tolde to the States of him, they 
will take no notice of it, this I know is true. I am 
sorrie for poore S"" Henry de Vic,* for lett the match 
break or goe on, it is euerie way ill for him : We 
heare no certaintie heere how the French treatie 
with the rebells in England goes, whither it breake 
or peece.f I am verie sorrie for the Countess of 
Mortons death, { I pittie S' Thom. Berkley, but most 
her children, the Queene of Sueden is now at 
Bruxelles, where she was receaued in greate state : 
I beleeue the Arch-duke § wisheth her at Anwerp, 
for she persecutes him verie close with her companie, 
for you know he is a verie modest man. I haue 
written to the King some particullars of it which are 
verie rare ons, but the Prince of Conde is still verie 
unsatisfied with her and will not come at her. I 
haue one peece of news which it may be you haue 
not heard : the resident of Polande tells me that 
there is a treatie betwixt Sueden and Polande and a 
perpetual peace, and to assist one the other against the 
Muscovits : the King of Poland will quit his preten- 
tion to Sueden vpon condition that he be recompenced 
with some lande or Islande for his heire, that if they 
be not chosen to succeed the kingdome of Polande, 
they may haue some place to them selfs to Hue in, 
for the K. of Polande has no patrimonie of his owne 

* Sir Henry de Vic, in the early part of Charles the First's reign, 
had been his Majesty's Secretary for the French mission, and also 
agent to the King of Denmark. 

f In January the cavaliers were stirring, but in vain ; and in the 
following November, Cromwell made peace with the French. The 
Ex-Queen of Sweden and the Prince of Conde appear to have been 
meddling with these affairs, through the diplomatic exertions of the 
Count de Tott ; as may be seen by reference to a letter in Bromley's 
collection, p. 186. 

J Widow of William Earl of Jlorton, Lord High Treasurer of 
Scotland, and long in great personal favour with Charles the First. 

§ Archduke of Austria. 


nor can buy anie lande under the croune of 
Poland : his agent has order to goe for England, to 
see if Cromwell woulde send some ships against the 
Muscovits to make a diuersion. the good agent is 
▼erie vnwilling to goe, but he must obey his master. 
Sure Cromwell is the beast in the Revelations that 
all kings and nations doe worship ; I wish him the 
like end and speedilie, and you a hapie new yeare 

your most aflFeetionat frend. 

« For Mr. Secretarie." 
4° Jan: St. No: 1654-5. R: 7. Qu: Bo: 

The Queen of Bohemia to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

HAQH.Jan: 10 (1654-S). 

Mr. Secretarie, I beleeue you will heare at CoUein 
how I haue beene debauched this last week in sitting 
up late to see dancing, wee made Friday out and 
every night, which lasted till Saterday at fiue a clock 
in the morning, and yesterday was the christening 
of P. Will:t chUde : I was at the supper : my Neece, 
the P* douager, the little PrinceJ and P. Maurice 
were gossips : the States generall, I meanc their 
Deputies, and the Counsell of State, and myself and 
Louyse were there as guests, after super was 
dancing this (till) three a clock, my little Nephue 
was at the super and sett verie still all the time : 
those States that were there were verie much taken 
with him. the King of Sueden with his army is 
within an houres going from Kunisberg with twenty 
thousand men, most horse, the Elector is in the 

* The proposed peace between Poland and Sweden was of very 
short dtiration. 

t This evidently refers to William Frederick, Count and Prince of 
Nassau Dietz, who had married Albertine Agues, sister of the late 
Prince of Orange. 

; Afterwards William the Third of England, now only four years 
of age. 


toune and has also which they say is twentie thousand 
also, he has [torn offi foot then the King has [also 
torn] * Ambassadour goe this -week from hence 
towards Sueden and Dennemark, one of those that 
goes for Dennemarke is Mon' d^Ameron a gentleman 
of Utrecht, a verie honest and great Royalist and so 
you may be sure my great frend, but I beleeue they 
will doe but little with that King, for I am tolde 
from a good hande that he and the K. of Sueden are 
in verie good intelligence together, which I am not 
sorie for considering how little these States assist 
there allies. My deare Neece continues her resolu- 
tion of going from hence Thursday next, but I dout 
the weather will hinder for it thaughs apace. 

I ame euer vour most affectionat frend. 

I have not time to write to Mons: Soiret, but tell 
him he was wished here vpon Friday last. I haue 
written to my Nephue all the particullars of what 
they were and who was best dressed. 

The Queen of Bohemia to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

UkGH, Jan. 11 (1654-5), 

Mr. Secretarie, I hope my next will tell you of 
my sweet Nephues being wellcome to Teiling, for 
Mr. Lovell assures vs all heere that he is perfectlie 
well. I beleeue Mr. Fraiser is not sorie to haue a 
commission to waite upon him this way, for soe he 
may see his Mistris though she will not confess him 
so. I know not how your people at Colloigne f goe 

* An allusion to the first invasion of Poland by Gustavus, who 
marched from Pomerania into that Kingdom after the irruption 
made, in obedience to his order, by General Wirtemberg. 

+ Charles the Second now kept his Court at Cologne, but in great 
privacy. Sir Stephen Fox is described by Bulstrode as having the 
care, management, and disposal of his household, which he kept at 
an expense of not more than six hundred pistoles per month. In 
fact, such was the economy necessarily imposed by the condi- 
tion of the exiles that Charles never kept a coach during his long 


on with theire business, but our resident Thorn, was 
asked yesterday for the first time, and so was Jack 
Savers. I feare resident Halle will not haue by 
much so good a bargaine, but how Bess who is left 
at Bruxelles will take it, for she has written a 
terrible letter to S' Charles Cottrell of it, and how 
confident she is of her Masters honnestie to her, so 
as she may chaunce forbid the bains. Vicfort tolde 
me yesterday that Bourdeaux has order to stay yett it 
England, which shews what you beleeue is true, 
the news I writt to you of Poland and Sweden is 
most true, and that De Bre makes still his monitions 
to goe for England. 

Wee had a Royaltie, though not vpon twelf night, 
at Teiling, where my Neece was a gipsie and became 

her dress extreame well was a Northolland 

boorine ; Mrs. Hide * a shephardess and I assure 
Mas verie handsome in it, none but her Mistress 
looked better than she did. I beleeue my Lady 
Hide and Mr. Chancelour will not be sorie to heare 
it, which I pray tell them from me. the queene of 
Sueden takes a house at Anwerp, all her owne 
people leaues her and Italiens and Spaniards comes 
in theire place. Heere is little news stirring. I 
beleeue you heare of the quarrelle betwixt my soone 
and the Elector of Ments, it may come to some f ill 
business, it is so colde and they make such a noise 

stay in that city. "In the time of the King's banishment," adds 
Bulstrode, "he spent two years at Cologne, where he was well 
received by a widow, at whose house he lodged." In a letter written 
by the King to Bennet, afterwards Earl of Arlington, and preserved in 
the ifucellanea Aulica, p. 109, Charles seems to imply tliat he is 
living a rational and sober life at Cologne. " I hope it will not be 
many days before you see how we pass our time at CoUen, which 
tho' it be not so well as I could wish, yet I think it is as well as 
some of you do at Paris ; at least some that are here would not pass 
their time so well there as they do here." In another letter, Charles 
mentions a design of himself and the Princess Dowager of Orange to 
go to the Frankfort Fair incognito. 

* Afterwards Duchess of York; but then in the household of 
Princess Dowager of Orange. 

t A trifling dispate about boundaries. 


with theire bells and pleids in (the) street as makes 
me end, but am euer 

your most affectionat frend. 

I pray remember my humble seruise to the King, 
and in my name make an humble suit to him in 
Thom: Killegrews * behalf. It is to recommend him 
to Pr. William for Captaine Morgans companie who 
is dead, the companie lyes at Orzo and is under 
Eri ... e, it will make him to subsist untill the King 
be able to doe for him, and his wiues frends haue 
putt him upon it. I woulde not trouble his Ma''* 
with a letter since you are in the place. Thom: 
writes himself to the King about it; it will be a 
great honnour for him the Kings writing because 
his wiues frends will by that .... his Ma"" favour 
to him. 

" For Mr. Secretarie." 
11° Jan. 1654-5. R. -jW. Queene of Bohemia to me. 

The Queen of Bohemia to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

Mr. Secretarie, I haue receaued yours. My sweet 
Nephue is not yett gone from Anwerp, but I hope 
now the Aveather is better, and I shall see him I hope 
shortlie, for as soon as he comes to Telling I will be 
there. I hope it is a good prophesie of the Electrice 
of Brandebourg f hauing a sonne, but she doth looke 
to be deliuered before the end of this month or the 

* Killigrew, so well known in the private history of Charles's reign, 
was groom of his bedchamber after the Restoration, and happened to 
be engaged one morning with a volume of his own plays, which he 
took up in the window, whilst liis Majesty was shaving. • "Ah ! 
Killigrew," asked the King, " what will you say at the last day, in 
defence of all the idle words in that book?" To which Killigrew 
replied, that he would give a better account of his "idle words" than 
the King would be able to give respecting "his idle promises" and 
"more idle patents," which had undone more than ever his books did. 

■)• The Electress Elizabeth Charlotte was daughter of Frederick V. 
Elector Palatine,'and therefore sister-in-law to the Queen of Bohemia. 



beginning of the next. The letters out of England 
say Cromwell is bringing his armie to London, and 
doubles his gardes, plants cannon in mania places in 
London and at the Toure ; it is saide he will make 
himself King by force since he cannot be it other- 
wise : this is written to the P. of Torente. I doe 
not heare that Bariere is at Bruxelles. I will teU 
Thorn. Killegrew what the King answeres. As for 
the Archduc he may thanke God to be ridd of the 
Queen of Sueden, who is lodged at the Count of 
Egmonts house in Bruxelles, where she stays all 
winter. My Lord Norwich has got news that the 
Archduc goes for Spaine, and Don John of Austria 
comes in his place andmarrieth theQueene of Sueden, 
and to haue the Low Countries as the Archduc 
Albert, but I beleeue it not : there is nothing else 
that I have to say to you but ame euer 

Your most aflFectionate friend. 

High, Jan. 18. 
18' Jan: 1654-5. R: 11-12. Queene of Bohemia. 

To her Boy all Highness the Lady Princesse Dowager 
of Orange, from the States of Holland and West- 

Most excellent Princesse, 
We were informed by some that the Lord King 
Charles your Royall Highnesses Brother should haue 
betaken himselfe within the limitts of this State, 
and particularly that he should at this present 
shelter himselfe in the house at Tylingc : And 
although we cannot by any meanes belieue or expect 
from the wisdome and reason of the said mighty 
Lord the King that he would or durst vndertake 
contrary to the Treaty of Peace made the last yeare 
with the Commonwealth of England to come within 


the limitts of this State, and directly against our 
particular orders comprehended in our Resolutions 
of the 30*'' of Jul)-, 2^ and 4'*' of August all in the 
year 1653, and the writing made by the vertue 
thereof to be giuen to your Royall Highnes within 
the Province of Holland and West Vriesland : So 
haue we after good reasons, and for settling our 
selues in entire rest, found meete with these to set 
before the eyes of your Royall Highnes what is said 
before, with a desire and demaund that you will 
speedily declare, and assure vs of the truth hereof, 
nothing doubting, but desiring and requiring your 
Royall Highnes as much as in her lyes by all good 
ofiices and duties to be willingly helpefull to take 
heede and effect that the said mighty Lord the King 
doe not cast himselfe within the limitts of their high 
mightines : and referring our selues thereto 

Most excellent Princesse, We committ your Royall 
Highnes to Gods protection. Written in the 
Hague the 8"' of March 1655. Your Royall 
Highnesses good friends 

The States of Holland and West-vriesland. 
By order of the same, 

Herb't Van Beaumont. 

The superscription. 
" To her Royall Highnes the Lady Princesse Dowager of Orange."* 

Indorsed by Sir Edw. Nicholas. 
8" Martij, 1 654-5. Copy of the translation of y let' written by y« 
States of HoU'd to y* Pr"« R" concK y« K" being reported to be 
at Tylinge. 

• The obscure editor of Grebner, in his astrological guesses, has 
the following curious one. Speaking of Charles I., he says, "The 
old Prince of Aurauge [Orange] he almost beggar'd, and yet to no 
purpose ; the Parliament one time or other getting all armes and 
ammunition which ever came over to him. It's confidently averred, 
if the King had become absolute here in England, Aurange had been 
King, &c." In the margin this political conjuror adds — " It's pittie 
Aurange lived not to master the Jew Hollander." 

Q 2 











The letters now to be given, also from the papers of Sir Richard 
Browne, will be found to throw additional and valuable light on the 
condition of the various members of the royal family and their 
adherents during the interval between the death of Charles the First 
and the Restoration. Only the first two letters of the series are of 
earlier date. These were written (in 1646) from Jersey, whither 
Hyde had accompanied the Prince of Wales, afterwards Charles the 
Second ; having been named of his Council in the preceding year. 
His object at this time was to counteract the intingues of the Queen 
to get possession of the Prince ; and the desponding tone in which 
these letters are written marks the failure of that design. The first is 
dated but a few days after the Prince had left Jersey to join his 
mother in Paris. Jersey was now under the government of Lord 
Jerniyn, the Queen's favourite ; but his deputy, Sir George Carteret, 
was Hyde's intimate friend ; and with him he remained, solaced also 
by the friendly intercourse of Lords Hopton and Capel, and engaged 
in tlie composition of his History of the JiebeUion,viluc\i he had begun 
at Scilly not many weeks before. He did not quit this retreat till 
1648. During the same period Sir Edwai'd Nicholas was at Caen in 
Normandy, and afterwards in Holland, where, on being obliged to 
fly from England, he had the King's permission to reside. Lord 
Digby also, to whom frequent reference is made, had been in Ireland 
at tlie time of the Prince's flight to Jersey, but joined him soon after 
with two frigates and two hundred soldiers, strenuously to advise an 
attempt upon Ireland, in which the Prince i-efused to engage. On 
quitting Jersey in 1648, Hyde joined Charles in Holland (his Life 
gives an interesting notice of his adventures on that occasion), and 
soon after the King's death he was sent Ambassador to Spain, from 
which country he rejoined Charles in France, and was appointed 
Resident at Antwerp, where he remained during the unsuccessful 
Scotch campaign, and tiU he and his master again met after the escape 


from the field of Worcester. lu tlie later passages of the Corre- 
spondence, to which tliese events bring us, so many allusions occur to 
tlie royal fleet that it may be desirable to describe its position at tlie 
time. When Charles I. perished on tlie scaffold, a portion of the 
navy revolted from tlic Parliament, and sailed to Holland in aid of 
the Royal exiles. These ships were put under the command of 
Prince Rupert, and were employed by him in a predatory wai-fare 
against the Commonwealth, besides making several attempts on the 
Eastern coast of England in aid of tlie small Royal party still existing 
there ; after which they proceeded to the Irish coast, where they took 
some valuable prizes. The Parliament sent Blake after them ; but 
in 1649, Ruj)ert, having forced his way tlirough Blake's fleet, con- 
tinued to capture English ships, apparently on his own account, and 
indeed witliout eithei* asking for, or receiving, any orders from the 
young exiled King. He then proceeded for Portugal, but was forced 
off by Blake, so that he was obliged to fly for the Mediterranean, 
where he commenced aggressions on the Spaniards, and having after- 
wards repaired and refitted at Toulon, from whence he found it neces- 
sary to retire, sailed, in 1 650, for the West Indies. At this period 
Scilly and Jersey sent out swarms of privateers ; but those islands being 
captured by the Parliamentary forces, tlie freebooters were obliged to 
bring tlieir prizes into tlie ports of Britanny ; and, in i-eturn for the 
sanction of Royal Commissions, were called upon to pay certain 
droits into the King's Exchequer. To that arrangement many of 
the following Letters refer. In 1 652, Rupert arrived at Nantes on 
his return from the West Indies, after suffering heavy losses from 
storms ; so that, in fact, he only brought back one man of war, and 
three or four other vessels, being the sole remains of twenty-five 
ships of force of which his squadron originally consisted : and these 
he was compelled to sell to pay his seamen, under circumstances 
which will be found illustrated in the ensuing Correspondence. 
Finally, it may Ije convenient to bring to the reader's recollection 
that the young King staid at Paris until 1654, when he proceeded 
through Flanders to Spa; tlience to Aix-Ia-Cliapelle, and ultimately 
to Cologne; and that in January 1658, he was at Bruges, where he 
appointed Sir Edward Hyde, his Cliancellor of the Exchequer up to 
that period, to be Lord Chancellor of England. It is of course 
needless to add that the men among whom these high-sounding titles 
were thus exchanged continued still to be as powerless as they were 
poor ; they found themselves destitute even of the ordinary comforts 
of existence ; yet, as the letters now printed show, this little exiled 
Court bad its intrigues, jealousies, fears, and hopes, in quite as 
great an abundance as when, after the lapse of a few years, jt was 
"restored" to Wliitehall and St. James's. « 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne."^ 

That you receaued not an answer to your very 
kinde letter of the 4 of June, by some of the 
Princes trayne, you must impute to that agony of 
minde, which was necessary to oppresse me, at the 
partinge fro' so pretious a iewell, and with so many 
good frends ; I hope I shall be agayne restored to 
them, howeuer that all happinesse will crowne ther 
counsells; whilst I with some very good frends of 
yours pray for them, in this poore islande; you 
will very much refresh vs with your correspond- 
ence, that wee may vnderstande the hopes, and pro- 
gresse of that prosperity wee pray for. I doe not 
in the least degree apprehend a possibility of a peace 
betweene the Scotts & the Independ'ts, but feare 
more the manner of the warr, least in opposicon to 
the nacon all the English turne Independ'ts ; which 
sure may be prseuented : I believe the crisis is at 
hande : I wish you all happinesse, beinge. 

Your very affectionate Serv*, 

Edw^. Hyde. 

Jarst, this 12 of July, 1646. 

I beseech you remember my seruice to Mr. 
Nicolls,t and desyre him, if Coll. Murray J should 

* The reasons for the despondency expressed in this letter are 
fully detailed in Clarendon's Life, and also in the second volume of his 
State Papers, p. 276. The justice of the opinions expressed in it 
received speedy and full verification. See also the Clarendon State 
Papers, vol. ii., p. 239, for the Kuig's reasons respecting the Prince's 
visit to the Court of France ; and p. 307, for further observations 
on the " Scots and Independents." 

+ Who this Mr. Nicolls was, does not appear; for though Sir 
Edward Nicholas's name is sometimes spelled so in these letters, yet 
being then knighted he would have been called Mr. Secretary, as 
Sir Edward Herbert is often called Mr. Attorney. 

X Colonel Charles Murray, a companion of the Prince from Jersey 
to Paris. There is a humorous letter from him in the Clarendon 
State Papers, vol. ii., p. 255, describing the arrival of the Prince in 
the French capital, and subsequently at Fontainbleau. 


not be at Courte, that he keepe my letter to him, 
in his handes, till he see him ; and that he deliuer it 
to none else. Your favour (S') for this to S' H. 

Sir Rie. Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue this day receaued yours of the 18. of 
August, t and by your leaue continue the giuinge 
you this trouble ; by thistyme I hope his Highnesse 
hath had so good a recepcon at ffountainebleau, J 
that hath made some amends for the former wante 
of ceremony : Methinkes the imaginacons that it is 
possible for the Kiuge to submitt to those vyle 
proposicons, § is the next treason to the raakinge 
them, ther beinge in them no seedes left, out of 
which Monarchy may agayne possibly springe : 
and therfore I longe to heare how our brethren 
of Scotland comporte themselves upon his refusall, 
which yet I doe not exspecte will be positive, but 
such a one as they at London will vote to be a 
refusall : I beseech you let me heare, how your 
intelligence from London diposes the Catholiques 
ther, I suppose that party cleaues to the Inde- 
pend'ts, and I am sure had hearetofore fayre pro- 
mises from them ; and can have no hope from the 

• The first Baronet of that name, of Normanton, in Rutlandsliire ; 
brother to the " brave and honest " Sir Francis, who distinguished 
himseli' in the Civil War, as Major General to the Marquis of 
Newcastle, and who afterwards served in the Low Countries, during 
Charles's exile. 

f This is perhaps a mistake for July ; or, if correctly written, its 
apparent anticipation of date may have arisen from Sir Richard using 
the Gregorian style, from Paris, whilst Sir Edward preserved the 
old style, in conformity with English custom. 

X The letter, spolien of in the preceding postscript, for Colonel 
Murray, appears to have been written on the subject of the Prince's 
reception at the French Court 

§ The propositions here alluded to ore mentioned in preceding 
letters and notes. 


Presbiteiy. I feare the ill successe of the ffrench in 
Italy and fflanders,* will giue them an excuse for 
those faylings to his Highnesse, which they meant 
to comraitt in the most prosperous condicon : and if 
this indispoticon in the Pr. of Conde be in earnest, 
they may haue ther excuses multiplied, f If my 
brother Aylesbury J be come to you, I pray let him 
receaue this inclosed letter, otherwise keepe it for 
him. My service to Mr. Nicolls,§ to whome I sent 
a packet by Dr. Jonson, which I hope came safe to 
him ; My LL**^ heare, and our very good Gouernour,|| 
are your seruauts, as T am very heartily, 

your most affectionate, humble seru*, 

Edw: Hyde. 

Jabst, this 14 oiAvfj. 1646. 
S' Bic, Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne.^ 

Yours of y*" 24. of Jan: from yourselfe and S' Gr. 
Carterett came [not] to my hands till y* post was 
gone, and I am now in soe great torment w"" y* gowte, 
that I am not able to keepe off my bed, and soe must 
use another hand, w'''' I hope you will pardon. The 

* During the war with Spain, in the minority of Louis XIII.; 
but these events were not of sufficient importance to require specific 

f The Prince of Cond^ was then at the head of the party in oppo- 
sition to the politics of Mazarin. He was sometimes a courtier, 
sometimes a pohticiau, and sometimes a reljel in arms. 

if Son of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, Bart, and brother of Sir 
Edward's second wife, who finally became heiress to her father and 

§ See note to preceding letter. 

II Lord Jermyn. 

^ This letter relates to difficulties respecting the reception and 
sale of prizes. Of the persons referred to, Bennet, afterwards Earl 
of Arlington, was then Secretary to the Duke, of whom Berkeley 
had been the Governor ; Castelnau was Governor of Brest ; 
Holder was agent for the captors ; and Carteret, who had been 


Duke of Yorke* is now here, and conceiues all ob- 
struccons are now remoued, w'^ troubled you at Brest, 
the Marquis of Casteluoef hauing made large pro- 
mises to his Highnes : I would aduice you hereafter 
(though you may giue me an account apart) to send 
a very particular state of all the buisinesse and mis- 
carriages there, to the D. of Yorke himselfe, Sir John 
Berkeley, or Mr. Bennett ; since all redresse must 
be obtcyned by y* sole mediacon of his R. Highnes, 
and you shall doe very well to expresse at large the 
misdemean" and cheates y' Captaines, J whom upon 
all occasions Mr. Holder hath wonderfully niagni- 
fyed. You must take spetiall care for y' safe and 

Deputy Governor of Jersey, was then, or soon after, a Rear Admiral 
in the French service, though still attaclied to the Royal cause. 
Sir Richard _ Browne, tlje King's resident at Paris, had been dis- 
patched to arrange affairs at Brest. 

• The Duke of York had much personal interest at this crisis at 
the French Court ; having very recently distinguished himself in 
the French King's service, imder the command of General Count 
Harcourt, and against the Prince de Conde's forces, especially on the 
preceding Christmas day, when, though Conde was finally victorious, 
the Duke had charged against him in person, being in command 
of tlie forlorn hope, consisting of the English cavalry. In this 
rencontre the Duke's horse was shot under him ; but he himself 
received little hurt. See a printed pamphlet in the British Museum, 
A hloodyfiyht in France, Lond. 1651-2. 

+ Tlie hopes of Lord Clarendon from the promises of Castelnau 
were but indifferently founded ; for the pamphlet quoted in the pre- 
ceding note expressly states that at tliis period the return of the 
Cardinal Mazarin into France with a force of 7000 men had produced 
great jealousies at that Court, and that Castelnau and Villeroy, having 
forwarded his return, with the express purpose to undo him, were 
suspected of that design, and had in consequence forsaken the Court. 
Castelnau's deputy had pretended an order from his Court to detain 
tlie prizes, in the hope of being bribed by the captors. 

* This little squadron had been recently very active, particularly in 
the chops of the Channel ; but the republican newspapers of the day 
affected to treat them with great contempt.^ In one of these Intelli- 
gencers, of the 8th of the preceding month, preserved in the British 
Museum, it was roundly stated that Capt. Chapman, in the Recovery, 
convoying a small vessel for Ireland, had met with the Francis, the 
Patrick, and the Hunter, and maintained a gallant fight from eleven 
at noon till night parted them. Prince Rupert is also stated to be at 
tliis period at sea, " with six or seven lusty ships," and to have taken 
several Spanish yeaeels. 


speedy conueyance of this inclosed from the King to 
the Gouern' of Innisbofine,*, and I pray send the 
other to Sir George Carterett, if he be gone, and 
excuse this shortnesse, w*^^ my extreame payne pro- 
duces. I am, 

your very affecconat humble seru', 

Edw. Hyde. 

Paris, 8 /e6; 1652. 
Sir Rich. Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

Within 2. howers after my last to you of the 17. 
were sent away, I receaued both yours of the 5 and 
9. of this moneth. I am entirely vnacquainted with 
the person or the purposes of your Capt: Anthonie,t 
nor do I heare that he is in these partes. I should 
imagyne, that whateuer else he does, he will neuer 
putt himselfe in the power of the Hollander, whome 
he hath sufficiently prouoked and damnifyed.J I 
cannot giue you any good accounte of the transac- 
tions betweene this Crowne and the English Rebells, 
only that ther is nothinge like that order, of which 
you say you are aduertised from Rowen, that Pr: 
Ruperte § is requyred to go away with his shippes 

* It was at this time reported iu the London papers that the 
King intended to set out for Rome, professing openly the Catholic 
religion, on which terms it had been promised to him that the Duke 
of Lorraine should make a diversion in his favour in Ireland, 
by the reUef of Galway, and by a general interference in affairs in 
that quarter. 

+ Commander of one of the privateers attached to the Royal 

J The royal fleet and the privateers were now in great distress for 
a port to shelter them, in consequence of tlie Parliament having 
captured the Scilly islands, which had for some time been their prin- 
cipal harbour ; Jersey also having fallen. 

§ Though the fleet imder Prince Rupert was, strictly speaking, an 
English one, yet it appears that in a recent attack upon the Spaniards 
he was avenging a private cause ; for when, in the spi'ing of 1652, 
he sailed from Toulon with four men-of-war and two fire-ships, and 


and pryses, liis Highnesse hauinge all the respecte 
heare, and I thinke, security, he can desyre : and 
I hcare they do not now bragg so much as they 
hauc done, of ther treaty in Englaude, and are not 
without some apprehension, that the Rebells of 
Westm. may fauour ther fellow rebells of Burdeaux :* 
o' letters fro' London importe no new notable effecte 
of ther alteracon ; ther Couucell of the Army still 
sittinge at Whitehall to forme ther new modell of 
gouerment. I know not what to say to the com- 
plainte of your scru', because you will not giue me 
leaue to take notice of it to the partyes who are most 
concerned, but I believe ther may be some eiTour or 
malice in the reporte,t because I am told by a very 
true frende of yours, that it is the maydes owne fault 
that shee hath not her dyett ther, and that because 
shee might not be trusted with the gouerm* of the 
kitchen and the buyinge the meate (in which shee 
was thought to lauish) shee absolutely with grcate 
indignation refuses to take her dyett, with which 
they say the lady is much troubled : but I tell you 
agayne, I haue this only from a frende, and not any 
of the house. I doubte your mayde is apt to be 
angry, and when shee is, shee may be as vnreason- 
able, as such angry people vse to be. Upon my 
conscience you haue not the least reason to 
suspecte Geo. Carterett's J frendshipp or kindnesse 

instantly commenced hostilities against the^Spaniards, taking, as his 
first prize, a ship worth 100,000 crowns, he put forth a declai-ation in 
which he stated one of his reasons for this aggression to be in 
rerenge for the injuries committed by the Spaniards against the 

* Alluding to the Cond6 party, then active in the south of 

+ Nothing can more whimsically mark the great change in the 
circumstances of the English courtiers than this rapid transition from 
national politics to kitchen gossip. 

:J: Sir Georgo Carteret, before this period, had been, as Deputy to 
Lord Jermyn, Goremor of Elizabeth Castle, in Jersey, besieged by 
the Parliamentary forces in 1651. His conduct in that post was so 
admirable as to exact the pi-aise even of his enemies, one of whom 
said in a letter, preserved in the British Museum, "I hear he hath 
sent to the Scots King, to acquaint him with the state of affairs, as 
touching our approach, and condition of the Castle, from whom he 


to you, but you must not make his frequent writinge 
the measure of it, and it is very possible (for he 
hath bene out of all roades) he may haue written, 
and his letters miscarry, as yours may haue done 
to him. 

I am very hartily, 

your most affectionate humble serv*, 

Edw: Hyde. 

Paris, this 20th oi May, 1652. 
Sir Ric: Brovvne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I giue you hearty thankes for yours of the 1 7. 
which came safe, and I distributed the inclosed 
accordinge to ther directions; and the Kinge is 
resolued to obserue this order, of sendinge twice a 
weeke to Paris, wherby all our correspondencyes 
will I hope be prseserued : I send you a pistole 
inclosed that you may keepe an euen reckoninge 
with your man for the portage of my letters,* which 
will quickly spende such a summ, so that I conclude 
your owne charge in this seruice is no easy burthen ; 
for what will concerne me, I will be carefull to 
supply, as this wastes. Wee haue yett taken no 
further resolucon, then to sitt still some tyme heare, 
both to decerne what conclusion your distempers 
will produce,t and what our frends of HoUande wiU 

expects a letter ; and if he with it signs a warrant for delivering up 
the Castle, I believe the Governor (to make his own conditions the 
better) will soon yield it up ; yet, without it, his devout allegiance is 
such, that he will do nothing." 

• However trifling this caution appears about a sum so insig- 
nificant, yet it will be found, in a subsequent note, that the postage 
of letters was a most important article of expenditure to the exiled 

+ The distempers here alluded to were the disputes and consequent 
civil war, between the Conde and Mazarin partisans. 


do : you will be careful to receaue all information 
and aduice from the Dutch Ambassadour * how 
aftayres goe ther, and transmitt it hither: if our 
letters fro' the Hague be true, they looke more kindly 
towards us fro' that climate, then they haue done, 
and the Ambassadour hath receaued some derection 
to communicate with his Ma'^ ; but I know he is so 
iust and kinde, that he will gladly imbrace the 
orders, and therfore I doubte our information may 
not be true. The wayes I hope will be so secure 
shortly betweene us and you, that wee may euen 
visit each other.f God preserue you, and me as I 
am with my whole hearte, 

Your most affectionate humble Serv', 

Edw: Hyde. 

ffriday nigbt this 19. of July, 1652. 

Euery body sends ther letters to me, & I cannot 
refuse to transmitt them : you will lett your man 
dispose them to the seuerall posts. If the Spanish 
Ordinary be not speedily exspected, I pray putt this 
under youre cover to Bryon.J 

Sir Ri: Browne. 

• Mynheer Borell. One of the journals of that day (Perfect 
Patsages, 23 July, 1652,) says " Charles Stuart, being gone from the 
Louvre, continues yet at St. German's, where he hath been saluted 
by a messenger from the Marquis of Brandenburg, inviting him into 
Germany. His creature Brown, and the Dutch Ambassador Borell, 
are often together." Borell had been Pensioner of Amsterdam, and 
was very much devoted to the Royal cause, having formerly been 
Ambassador at the English Court. He was also of the Orange party, 
and on that ground anxious for a war with the Commonwealth. 

f The road between St. Germain's and Paris was at that period 
totally unsafe, on account of the military marauders of both ai-mies. 

J Count de Brienne, first Secretary of State to the Fi-ench King. 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

Yours of the 20. came safe to me, and so the 
inclosed were disposed according!}^ : I am sorry ther 
should be any hazard of hauinge our letters inter- 
cepted,* which I thought by the remooue of the 
Arrayes would haue been now without any doubte, 
especially since the Carry-all of this place trauelles 
dayly & securely to Paris : howeuer I will obserue 
your advice, and write any thinge of importance in 

you are in the King's name to 

cypher : 731 . 405 . 532 . 668 . 220 . 13 . 596 . 667 . 

retume his Ma"™ very to the 

333 . 502 . 239 . 13 . 699 . hearty thankes 667 . 668 . 

Dutch Amhas' his Maty is 

142 . 95 . and indeede 502 . 239 . 529 . exceedingly 

of his kind n e s s c and 

sensible 598 . 502 . 544 . 30 . 7 . 13 . 62 . 23 . 407 . 

freind shipp 

488 . 651 . and if God blesses him, will make it 

his Ma'y d e s i 

appeare that he is so. 502 . 239 . 15 . 23 . 13 . 27 . 

re s the Amhas' to lett him know 

36 . 56 . 62 . 668 . 95 . 667 . 551 . 505 . 546 . as 

the warre is d 

soone as he is assured that 668 . 723 . 529 . 25 . 

e c 1 a red that hee 

23 . 15 . 28 . 21 . 36 . 7 . 26 . and then 673 . 501 . 

* The disturbances at Paris and its vicinity were now of such a 
nature as to justify the apprehensions here expressed. The scandal 
of the day asserted also that Charles was by no means a favourite 
with many of the highest rank in France ; and it is recorded in a 
Gazette, or Mercurius Politlcus, of the 1st July, 1652, in the British 
Museum, that "Charles Stuart hath secured himself by showing 
them a pair of heels" (after the victory obtained by the Prince 
of Cond^ close to Paris), " and retreating from the Louvre to Court, 
where the King harbours him, being highly distasted by the Duke 
of Orleans, Mademoiselle, the Princes, and all the people, so that 
they have made several books and songs of him." 


will hia M«<r what he is to do 

710 . aduice 502 . 289 . 717 . 501 . 529 . 667 . 439 . 

the Unite 

both with reference to 668 . 48 . 30 . 27 . 12 . 23 . 
25 . 41 . 34 . 36 . 22 . 43 . 27 . 30 . 15 . 56 . 13 . 

and to this Crowne with which his MaT will 

407 . 667 . 671 . 437 . 713 . 722 . 502 . 239 . 710 . 

in that manner as the 

interpose 532 . 673 . 573 . 80 . 23 . 36 . 401 . 668 . 

Anibass' best 

95 . shall thinke 416. 13. 12. I shall not neede to 


bespeake your diligence in calling often 600 . 505 . 


469 . 86. — You will do me the fauour to send this 
inclosed to S' Jo. Mennes,* who I suppose is still at 
Calice. I pray do me the fauour to desyre Monsieur 
Paule to giue you the title of tine Duke of Bauaria, 
and to informe you how longe he hath bene Duke : — 
You will exspecte no newes from this place wher wee 
haue little to doe, but to study & take the ayre, and 
to longe for good newes of peace in this kingdome. 
H the messengers dispatched from hence doe not 
attende you at those howres they should, it is not 
for want of derection heare. I haue a serious quar- 
rell with you for somewhat D' Earles t hath lately 
aduerticed me of, which in good earnest I take un- 
kindly, and doubte you haue not so good an opinion of 

* Sir John Mcnnes was Rear-admiral of the Fleet in the reign of 
Charles tlie First ; and distinguished as one of the most loyal of the 
officers, when Parliament took those steps which led to the defection 
of the greatest part of the naval force. He was removed from his 
station by the Earl of Warwick, in 1 642, after the unsuccessful attempt 
of the King to regain the fleet in the Humber, which failed through 
some mismanagement on tiie part of Sir John Pennington. 

f Dr. Earle, afterwards Bishop of Salisbury, author of the 
Microcosmography, was one of the Loyalists attached to the exiled 
Court, and Chaplain to the King. He was in habits of friendly 
intimacy with Hyde, two of whose letters to him may be found in 
vol. ii. of the Clarendon State Papers, pp. 322, 329. In the latter, 
Sir Edward facetiously arranges emplojinent for the Doctor's 
leisure, allowing him two hours to eat his dinner, and " two hours in 
the projecting where to get one." 


my friendship as I wish you should, and for which I 
must chyde you heai-tily when M'ee meete. 

Let me know particularly what you receaue from 
Englande, and lett your man enquyre for letters 
derected as Edgman =•= aduiced you. I am. 

Your most affectionate faythfuU Seru*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

St. Gebhaim's. Tuesday mominge, 23. of July, 1652. 
Sir Rich : Browne at Paris. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue not had an opportunity till now to acknow- 
ledge the receipte of yours of the 24. which came 
safe to me, and the contents therof were imme- 
diately by me imparted to his Ma"% who had not 
before heard of many of the particulars, nor do wee 
yett heare from the Court of any such message f 
sent from the Duke of Orleans, which it seemes 
they thinke fitt to conceale, when they do not intende 
to satisfy. 

I am very sorry for the good DeanesJ indispo- 
sicon, though I am gladd it is nothinge but a ffitt of 

* Edgman was Secretary to Sir Edward Hyde, who once vindi- 
cated him from a charge of having violated a seal by declaring he knew 
him to be so honest tliat before he would be guilty of such a villainy 
he would starve. 

•f- Comparing this letter with another of the same date to Sir Edward 
Nicholas, in the Clarendon Slate Papers, vol. iii. p. 85, it appears 
that the whole of the news, here alluded to, related to the negotiations 
carrying on between the Court and the Condcans. 

X This was Dr. Stewart, Dean of the Chapel Royal, whom 
Clarendon, in another place, calls " a very honest and learned gen- 
tleman, and most conversant in the learning which vindicated the 
dignity and authority of the Church." He had been long about 
Charles's person ; for, as early as 1646, in a letter preserved in the 
Clarendon State Papers, vol. ii. p. 253, and addressed to the Prince, 
the King calls him an honest trusty servant, and recommends him to 
his Royal Highness as Dean of his Chapel, telling him at the same 
time to take the Doctor's advice, " giving reverence to his opinion 
in all things concerning conscience and church affairs." 



the stone, which I am very farr from vnderualewinge, 
yett it seeraes Icsse daungerous then a vyolent 
flfeauour with which wee heard he labored : I pray 
remember my seruice very heartily to him, and send 
me worde quickly of his perfecte recouery. 

The wante of the title of the Duke of Bauaria 
keepes us from making a congratulatory dispatch to 
him, which is requisite in seuerall respectes, therfore 
I pray hasten it as soone as you may : let me heare 
any particulars you receaue from Englande, especially 
how our frends at Detforde doe*. If it would be 
any comforte to you to haue companyons in misery, 
you will heare shortly that wee are in greate dis- 
tresses,t for I cannot imagyne which way the Kiuge 
will be able to procure mony for his subsistance ; nor 
indeed how the flfrench Courte will subsiste it selfe. 
Wee know nothinge heare of the Spanish army: 
what is become of it ? 

You will still commende the King to your neig- 
bour : if the wayes were once open, I would make a 
ionrney oner to visitt you, and to be merry 3 or 4 
howres : I am very heartily, 

Your most affectionate humble Seru*^, 

E. H. 

St. Gsaii: 26 Jvly, 1652, ffryday 9 at night 

I pray send me the copy of a warrant for Barro- 
nett, for I am not sure that myne is not defectiue. 

Sir Bic: Browne. 

* This inquiry refers to the Evelyn family at Says Court. 

+ The periodical prints of that day thus account for the King not 
wishing to remain at Paris. " The Scots King is still in Paris, but 
now upon his remove. What shall he do then ? Trayl a pilfe under the 
young Lady of Orleans : " (this lady had recently raised a regiment 
for the French King's service against the Confederate Lords :) " an 
honour too large for the late Majesty of Scotland. His confidents 
have satt in Council, and it is allowed by his Mother, that during 
these tumults in France, it is neither honourable nor expedient for 
him to continue in Paris, the affections of the citizens for the most 
part being alienated from the King," &c. 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

The messenger who brought me yours of the 27. 
is so positive in the iustifyinge himselfe, that I can- 
not but desyre you to examine his allegations, which 
if not true, he shall be no more sent on his errande, 
at least not by me : he sweares, he was on Saturday 
at your house, by 11 of the clock e, and you not being 
at home, he left the letters, both the Kings and 
myne with your mayde : this is so contrary to what 
you say, of his not appearinge before 4 of the clocke, 
(which putts me in apprehension that our packetts 
went not by the last ordinary) that I haue a greate 
minde to know the certainty, and whether the fellow 
hath any excuse or not : I told the Kinge of the 
expedient you proposed, which he lyked well, only it 
was sayd by a stander by, that one footeman would 
not be alwayes willinge to make that iourny, and 
hauinge so little encouragement, it is no wonder, 
that euery man is willinge to saue his labour : I am 
of your opinion that the breach is already too wyde, 
betweene the two Commonwealths, to be easily closed 
agayne. I pray God wee may make good use of it, 
which will most depende upon your neighbours 
aduice and derection : I pray hasten the Duke of 
Bauaria's titles, &c. I wish I could tell you of a 
more plentifuU condicon heare, because I am confi- 
dent you would haue a share of it : upon my worde, 
the Kinge hath not yett receaued a penny of supply 
since his comminge hither : he hath hope of 300 
pistoles, for which he gott an order at his beinge at 
Grubyse, but payment is not yett made :"- seriously 
I cannot be more troubled at any thinge, then at 
your distresses ; which I had rather see relieued then 
my owne : I will not surpryse you at Paris, and 

« This delay is easily accounted for, by a reference to the pre- 
ceding letter respecting the pecuniary difficulties of the French 


would be glad that the communication should be 
with more freedome, before I uenture thither. — I 
will by Saturday send you a letter for George 
Cartcrett,* from whorae I wonder I heare not, but 
more, that he forgetts his promise to you : I thought 
your agent ther had taken the dutyes in spetie 
accordinge to former aduice. The defeate of Count 
Harcourtef I would haue bene gladd to haue receaued 
more particularly : wee hauinge heare heard nothinge 
of it : and the Court needes none of these humilli- 
ations. God prieserue vou, and, 
S', ' 
Your very affectionate hu"' serv*, 

E. H. 

St. Germain's this 29. of July : 
Monday 8 in the aftenioone 

Sir Bi: Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I receaued yours of the 30. late the last night, and 
reade euery worde of it this morninge to the Kinge. 

II!s Ma'>* that the Ambass' 

502 . 239 . is very much troubled 673 . 668. 95 . 

for hiH friend s 

should receaue any praeiudice 469 . 502 . 488 . 13 . 

h i p p to him 

17 . 27 . 34 . 85 . 607 . 505 . nor can imagyne by 
what hande those offices are done.| The truth is, 

• Sir George Carteret wa.s now very active as a sea officer in the 
King's service ; and in the month of July, 1652, is stated to have 
been uu the coast of Flanders with thirteen sail under the royal 
colours, making prize of f2ngli»h vessels. Soon after this he joined 
Van Tromp ; and subsequently served as Vice-admiral of the French 
fleet under the Duke of Vendome. 

+ Harcourt was a gallant and loyal French officer ; but his 
laurels faded before the genius of the great Turenne. 

i. The De Wit party were at this time predominant in Holland, 
in opposition to the Orange partisans, who were of course friendly 
to the King. 


ther is so greate a licence of writinge vnder the 
nocon of gettinge intelligence, for which euery 
man thinkes himselfe qualifyed, that men care not 
what they write/'- so they may prsetende to know 
much, and I have seen some letters from Hollande, 

the S t a 

wherein it hath beene sayd, that 668 . 13 . 12 . 4 . 

t e s had ginen Ambass' to 

12 . 7 . 62 . 506 . 493 . 30 . order to ther 95 . 667 . 

with the Kinge 

communicate all affayres 713 . 668 . 220 . and so it 
seemes others who belieued that true, may haue 
giuen notice of his resorte to the Loner, possibly 
without any ill purpose, and yett I will not abso- 
lue them from that nether : at least, folly and im- 
pertinency does the same mischieue that malice 

King the 

does: but the 220 . would haue you assure 668 . 


95 . that he will be as carefuU hereafter as he desyres, 

be -will 

and for the two papers, 501 . 780 . examine his 
cabinett, wher he is sure they are, if he did not 
burne them, and deliuer them to me, and I will then 

send them to you by some sure messenger : ffor 13 . 

t a r k y and Taylorf 

12 . 21 . 36 . 51 . 10 . 407 . 39 . 21 . 10 . 28 . 
58. I am of your opinion for the first, that he is 

* Sir Richard Browne himself had many enemies at this moment 
among the English exiles ; some of whom, in their wish to drive 
him from the King's service, were busy with suggestions at Court that 
"his Majesty being present, he could have no Resident." This is 
alluded to in a letter from Sir Edward Hyde to Secretary Nicholas, 
in the Clarendon State Papers, iii. 112. 

+ This Taylor, adverted to in former notes, was the King's agent 
with the Emperor of Germany and the Diet ; as appears more parti- 
cularly in a letter to him from Sir Edward Hyde (Clarendon 
State Papers, vol. iil p. 112), in reference to an approaching meeting 
of that body. But in the same volume, p. 121, a very strong 
reason is given for Lord Wilmot's German Embassy, Hyde remark- 
ing, " I am sure a wise man is wanting there ; for Taylor is the 
most absolute fool I ever heard of." — See further, in the same volume, 
pp. 113,116. 


honest, but a foole : The other is more a foole, and 
I doubtc not so lionest, tliough yett I do not take 
him for a spy : nor can I imagyne it possible for 


them to make any sober vsefull proposicons 667 . 

the Ambass' and 

668 . 95. The Kinge will follow the aduice, 407 . 

s 1 t t tlic Ambass' w is 

13 . 27 . 12 . 42 . still, till 668 . 95 . 20 . 529 . 

h c B him to motie Lord 

17 . 7 . 62 . 502 . 667 . 577. The sendinge 394 . 

Wilmott into Germany* and If hec 

532 . 667 . 186 . is not declared, 407 . 531 . 501 . 

goc B hee 

491 . 13. (which will not be yett) 501 . shall not 

goe by Iloland, the King would nott haue the 

491 . 415 . 192 . 068 . 220 . 728 . 589 . 514 . 668 . 

Bishop to tlie Ambass' 

99 . propose any such thinge 667. 668. 95. Though 

that you should lett the Amlias' know 

hebewilliuge673 . 731 . 666 . 551 . 668 . 95 . 546 . 

liee can putt such 

that as low as his power is, 501 . 429 . 615 . 654 . 

places in Irland and Scotland 

618 . 13 . 532 . 204 . 407 . 363 . into the handes 

of Iloland 

598 .192 .as would inable them to torment their 
enimyes : t Ther is no opinion of the good nature 

Pr. El. Pal.t The Earl of Br: was 

and gratitude of 308 . 452 . 598 . 103 . 707 . called 

• How well the King's motions were now watched by the Parlia- 
ment, is evident from the fact that a journal of the 5th August, 1652, 
was enabled to state — " The late King of Scots is at St. German's, 
and expects daily to bee sent for by the Hollanders. The Loi-d 
Wilmot is desigrmd to go Ambassador from him into Oermany." 

f This extraordinary fact receives confirmation from another of 
Sir Edward's letters to Secretary Nicholas, published in the Clarendon 
State Papers, vol. iii. p. 86. Fortunately for the honour and credit 
of all concerned, the idea was finally abandoned. 

X The Elector Palatine abundantly justified this opinion; for, when 
the German Princes subsequently made up a sum of ten thousand 
pounds for Charles, the Elector, though under great obligations both 


to councel Connsell' of 

667 . 121 . as an old 121 . 599 his father:* and 
it would haue bene greate pitty he should not : he is 

h* Digby 

a good old man, and much my frende. 155 . intends 
his owne businesse and lookes not after what con- 
cernes us : I thinke I haue answered all yours : and 
I am able to add nothinge of this place: god of 
heaven prseserue you, and me as I am heartily. 
Your very affectionate hu'''" Seru', 

Edw. Hyde. 

St. Germains, Wensday July 31. 8 at night. 1652. 
Sir Ri. Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

Since I writt last to you (though it was but on 
ffryday night) I haue receaued 5 letters from you, 
two of the 2d, one of the 3. of the 4. and the 5. of 
this moneth, all which are now before me to be 
answered in order, after I have exceedingly thanked 
you for your diligent and very punctuall correspond- 
ence, which is so greate a virtue, that it is high 
iniustice not to rewarde and gratify it, which I hope 
will one day be done. 

I have informed the Kinge of the Venetian Am- 
bassadors complainte against Mr. Killegrew, t with 

to his father and grandfather, did not contribute a single stiver. 
See Clarendon's History, vol. iii. p. 418. 

* In tracing the conduct of the Earl of Bristol throughout these 
letters the reader will derive amusement from Walpole's account 
of him as a Noble Author. 

f In his Life, p. 116, Hyde says that Charles had been at first 
unwilling to send Killigi-ew to Venice; but afterwards was prevailed 
upon simply to gratify him, that in the capacity of Envoy " he might 
borrow money of English merchants for his owne subsistence, which 
he did, and nothing to the honour of his master." The letter in the 
text contributes some interesting detail upon an incident but slightly 
noticed in history. Francis Erizzo was the Doge who acted thus 
cavalierly to the representative of the exiled monarch. 


which his Ma*'^ is very much troubled, and resolues 
upon his returne hither, to examyne his miscarriage, 
and to proceed therin in such a manner as shall be 
worthy of him, and as may manifest his respecte to 
that Commonwealth, with which the Crowne of Eng- 
lande hath alwjxyes held a very stricte amity, and his 
Ma*^ Ministers haue in all places praeserued a uery 
good correspopdence with the Ministers of that State, 
and therefore his Ma'^ is the more sensible of this 
misdemeanour of his Resident : However his Ma''' 
wishes that the Republic had proceeded accordinge 
to the vsuall custome, and first acquainted him with 
ther iust exception against his Minister, that ther- 
upon his Ma'" might haue testifyed his respecte to 
them by recallinge and punishinge him, and that 
they had not by a judgement of ther owne compelled 
him to retyre, which beinge so vnusuall a way, his 
Ma'" doubts will not be cleerely and generally under- 
stoode, but may be interpreted to the Kings disad- 
uantage as a declininge in this tyme of tryall that 
auntient friendshipp with the Crowne of Englande, 
which his Ma'" is gladd to finde by the Ambassadour 
is not in truth the purpose or intention of that Com- 
monwealth, and you are to thanke the Ambassadour 
in the Kings name for his particular afiection to his 
Ma'", which he desyres him to continue. — After I 
had shewed the Kinge your letter, he appointed me 

to r e a d e it in councell 

667 . 36 . 23 . 4 . 25 . 7 . 530 . 532 . 121 . and the 
resolucon was ther taken for the answer, so that the 
very wordes which I haue used upon this argument, 
were consider'd and perused by the Kinge. — I have 
bene very much troubled for poore Mr. Douglasse's 
beinge sicke, and am much comforted with your good 
newes of his amendment : If ther had not bene 3 or 
4 persons of quality heare very sicke, as my Lo: 
Wentworth,* . . . Schomburgh, younge Mr. Jarmin,t 

* Lord Wentworth, of whom some particulars may be found in a 
former note, was shortly after this sent as agent to Denmark, where 
be remained until the ensuing year. 

f Son of Thomas, elder brother of Lord Jermyn. He succeeded 
his uncle, after the Reatoration, in the Barony of Jermyn, but not in 
the Earldom of St. Alban's, and died without issue male. 


who hath the small pox, and others, -who would not 
indure the absence of ther physicon, Dr: ffrayser * 
had gone over to Paris to looke to him : I pray when 
you go next remember my seruice to him, and 
desyre him to be very carefull of himselfe that he 
fall not into relapse : I could willingly be of your 
minde for the certainty of one avowed messenger, 
but I finde it harde to lay the worke upon one man, 
which your passe must suppose ; besydes the askinge 
such a warrant might possibly shutt the doore against 
all others, and that would not be well, for betweene 
the English and Dutch Letters, and the particular 
businesses from this place, ther is no day passes 
without a messenger to Paris, and an authority 
graunted to one might cause all the rest to be in 
more daunger ; the conclusion is, that wee will euery 
Wensday morninge, or Tuesday night, send an honest 
fellow to you, and agayne on Saturday morninge, 
and in those two only I will take my selfe to be most 
concerned. I hope the Kinge of Spayne f is not 
deade, and then the arryvall of the ffleete will indeede 
prooue a cordiall. I haue the same reproaches fro' 
the Hague for not writinge things which I doe not 
know, and sometymes that are not. — You must ex- 
playne this ; you say, I have not yet seene 95. both 
he and I haue bene to [too] busy. What do you 
meane by that, sure you haue not bene so, nor does 


any wise man thinke you can be soe : I haue 668 . 

* Fraser was a Scotchman, and mingled much in the religious 
polities of that country ; he also had some political besides his medi- 
cal influence at the exiled Court. In another letter {State Papers, 
iii. 119) Clarendon says of him, "I am glad you have so good a 
correspondent as Dr. Frayser, who is grown (God knows why) an 
absolute stronger with me; he is great with Lord Gerard and Mr. 
Attorney, but he will speedily leave us and go for England, which 
truly I am sorry for, for the King's sake: for no doubt he is good at 
his business, otherwise the maddest fool alive." Elsewhere also he 
expresses himself very kindly as to Fraser; yet the doctor took 
great offence against him on account of this trip to England, 
actually asserting that it was Hyde's wish to have him murdered when 
there, or that he might languish in prison until he should die of grief 
and hunger. 

t Philip IV. He did not die until 1665. 


two inemorialls hee 

670 . 569 . 29 . 2 . 36 . 27 . 400 . 13 . 501 . sent to 

th« K. by his Soiin which you 

668 . 216 . 415 . 502 . 13 . 43 . 30 . 59 . 722 . 731 . 

K. me 

requyred and the 220 . gaue 269 . two dayes since : 
I will keepe them till you order me to dispose them. 
As I was much startled my selfe with yours of 
yesterday, which my Lady Harberte * sent me late 

that the K. bad 

in the night, concearning 073 . 668 . 220 . 506 . 


493 . 30 some derections quite contrary to what I 
uuderstoode to be his minde, so I gave my selfe the 

his Ma<r 

pleasure of perplexinge 502 . 239 . by readinge only 
the first parte of your letter : and when he was in 
trouble, and protested that he had neuer gaue any such 
order, I reade him that which was in cypher, with 
which he was wonderfully pleased, and exceedingly 

the Ambass' in 

thankes 668 . 95 . and referrcs the proceedinge 532 . 

it to his dia c r e t 

530 . intirely 667 . 502 . 440 . 15 . 36 . 23 . 12 . 


437 . and frendshipp, for as he hath hitherto accord- 
inge to his ad nice forborne in the least degree to stirr, 
or moue any thinge, for feare of doinge it vnseason- 
ably, 80 he very well knowes, that such an ouerture 

mar Riue his frends in 

as this, timely made, 571 . 493 . 502 . 488 . 1 3 . 532 . 

Holland to say 

192 . opportunity . 667 . 13 . 21 . 10 . somewhat on 
his behalfe,t which of themselues originally they 

the K. the 

could not doe, and therefore 668 . 220 . committs 668 . 

* Wife of the Attorney-General, afterwards Lord Keeper, Sir 
Edward Herbert. 

+ Comparing a letter of the 2nd' August to Secretary Nicholas, 
now residing in Holland, it is evident that this passage refers to the 
former proposals for the delivery of certain places, both in Scotland 
and Ireland, to the Dutch. 

1652.] AND Sm RICHARD BROWNE. 253 

con ducteof th 

428 . 25 . 43 . 15 . 42 . 23 . 598 . wholy to 12 . 17 . 

e Ambas. the good e 

23 . 95 . and will acknowledge alwayes 668 . 495 . 7 . 

f f e t s to him : 

18 . 24< . 56 . 12 . 13 . 667 . 505 . and ther is no 

to t r 

doubte, if ther were an opportunity 667 . 12 . 36 . 

eat e on the Kings be h 

23 . 21 . 42 . 23 . 600 . 668 . 220 . 13 . 416 . 17 . 

a I f e 

21 . 28 . 18 . 7 . ther would be founde reall 
aduantages yett in his power (as low as it is) 

to giue with to Irland and 

667 .493 . 713 . reference 667 . 204 . 407 . 


363 . and really I have reason to belieue that 

make Jersey, Guernsey, and Scilly 

wee could speedily 580 . 213 . 191 . 407 . 13 . 27 . 

at our 

28 .♦ 52 . 10 . 402 . 603 . deuocon. You must lett 

the Ambass' know the K. 

668 . 95 . 546 . that 668 . 220 . hath this day dis- 

Lord Tafft to the Duke 

patched 549 . 12 . 21 . 18 . 24 . 667 . 668 . 446 . 

* The King's supposed wishes at this period are recorded in one of 
the public journals {Several Proceedings, 28th October, 1652), in a 
letter from Paris. " Charles Stuart, the Titular Scots King,lives in the 
Palace Royall, and still in necessity ; his Mother went to Challeau 
on Monday last ; he impatiently expects this peace ; he could wish 
to be now in Ireland, so he told some of his own Creatures of late ; 
so would all about him : yet Ormond and Inchiquin tell him plainly 
that those who most oppose the Commonwealth, are but Ulster men, 
which doe not much care for him, and are only for their own ends, 
which if they could obtain, would never look upon a King, and that 
if they promise to be faithful to a Parliament they would be 

+ Lord Taafe was particularly active in the King's Councils, in so 
far as related to Ireland. A Gazette of that day, alluding to the 
King's Irish affairs, remarks, when speaking of the proposed operations 
of the Duke of Lorraine : " Lord Taafe is the man that manageth the 
business with the King, which is much opposed by the Lord Wilmot, 
and some others, as a course very improbable : and this hath occa- 
sioned a quarrel, and afterwards a challenge, betwixt Taafe and 
Wilmot, which with much ado was composed by the Scots King." 


of Lorraiu 

598 . 231 . (with whome he is in singular creditt, and 

to con I V r 

is indeede a very honest man) 661 . 428 . 27 . 1 . 36 . 

e him not Holland but 

23 . 505 . 589 . in any degree to disturbe 192 . 417 . 

on to liu will 

600 . the other hande . 667 . declare that 501 . 710 . 

Mslst tliom against England 

401 . 13 . 529 . 12 . 676 . 414 . 13 . 12 . 164 . which 
I doubte not he will doe heartily. I conceaue my 
L** luchiquiu * (though I haue not spoken with him 
of it this day) docs not speedily intende to make use 
of his passe^ but Avill send to you agayne about it, 
before he exspect? it fro' you. — It is very true ther 
was such a. summ of mony lately receaued at Paris 
for the Kinge as you mention, and 40. pistoles of it 
disposed to that Lady, which is all the mony he 
hath receaued since he came hither, and in some 
tyme before, and he hath hope to receaue iust such a 
summ agayne within these few dayes, but alasse it 
doth not inable his cooks and back-stayres f men to 
goe on in the provydinge his dyett, but they protest 
they can undertake it no longer. I hope ther will 
be shortly another manner of receipt, and then if 
you should be left out, I should mutiny on your 
behalfe : in the meane tyme, if it would giue you 

* It had been intended, at this period, that Lord Inchiquin, 
accompanied by Jennyn, should go as Ambassador to Holland, to 
prepare for Charles's reception tliere. 

f The public journals, in real or assumed letters from Paris, 
now asserted loudly that the " quondam " King, as tliey described him, 
had grown hateful to the people of that city ''since Loraigne's 
treason, being afraid lest he might find such entertainment from 
them at the new bridge as others had experimented, and being 
reduced to nothing to subsist on, and having beggared a multitude 
of bakers, brewers, butchers, and other tradesmen, on Saturday last 
departed out of this town with all his family {nidlo i-elkto). The 
Prince of Condc and Beauford accompanied him about a league off 
the town ; he is gone to St. Jermin's, and from thence to St. Dennis, 
intending for Holland, where keeping a cori*espondence with the 
Duke of Loraine,and likewise with his Motlier and his brother Yorke, 
who are to remain yet in France, he hopes to worke some miscliiefe 
to the State of England." 


ease, I could assure you, my L** . . . . nor I have one 
cardicue in the worlde, yett wee keepe up our spiritts : 
ffor gods sake do you so to, and he will carry you 
through this terrible storme. — My L* Jermin is this 
day gone to the Courte, how longe he stayes I know 
not. We haue no newes, at least that I know. I 
pray tell us as much as you know of the Armyes 
mouinge, and what hope ther is of peace. I am, 

your very affectionate hu'''* serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

S' Germans this 
Tuesday the 6. of Aug. 
6. at night. 1652. 

This messenger is to returne as soone as the fflanders 
letters are arryved. 

S' Ri. Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

That yours of the 10. of December (which came to 
my handes the same day that I dispatched my last to 
you) hath yett brought you no answer, is not my 
faulte, for as I was takinge penn & paper to do it on 
Sunday last, your other of the 14. arryued, which 
derected me to change my cource of writinge, and to 
send no more to Nantz, * but to St. Males : and in- 
deede I was very gladd to finde that you were bounde 
for Brest, wher I should haue wished you, notwith- 
standing any discouragements you receaued from 
thence, except you could bringe a recommendation 
from this Courte : for Mr. Holderf writes me worde, 
that a letter from Moun' Castlenoe would signify 

* Sir Richard Browne was at this moment very actively endeavour- 
ing to collect the King's dues on the prizes brought into the different 
ports of France, 

f Holder was Secretary to Prince Rupert. He was loyal, and it 
appears from the Clarendon Stale Papers that great dependence was 
placed on him when wanted : yet Sir^Edward calls him " the pert, 
importunate agent of the Catholics." Seejpoit, p. 261. 


very little. I am confident the letter you haue from 
our Master, will praeserue you from any affronts, and 
then sure your beinge ther will be at least for your 
owne aduantage, both to collccte what is dew to his 
Ma'" upon accounts,* which must be Avorth some- 
what, and will be easily discouerM by what Mr. 
Holder hath receaued from the Duke, and to receaue 
the dewes upon ther last pryzes, which will, they say, 
amountc to a rounde suram. — Though S' Geo. Car- 
terett was gone out of the towne, when I receaued 
yours of the 10. yett very contrary to my expectation 
he returned hither 3 or 4 dayes after, and stayed only 
one night, when I shewed him your letter; sure he 
will do all the good offices to you in all thinges he is 

able. My L** will obserue the caution you 

giue him, and will be gladd you can discouer any 
monyes to be dew to him, and he will gladly giue 
you authority to receaue it ; indeed a supply will 
come as seasonable to him as to any body, for when 
I haue told you, that none of us haue receaued a 
penny since you went, you will belieue our necessi- 
tyes to be importunate enough, which would be 
more insupportable, if wee did not see the King 
himselfe reduced to greater distresse then you can 
believe or imagyne. I perceaue the arrest of ffar- 
rande, is upon some pique betweene the Duke of 
Vandosme and the Marshall Melleray,t betweene 
whom the contests grew very high, and are like to 
breake out to such a degree that the Courte is not 
without apprehension, that it shall not conteyne 
them both to its seruice, and seeraes at present, to 
be vnsatisfyed with the Marshall, and I heare some 
letters of reprehension are sent to him ; therefore 
this arrest is not like to produce any aduantage to 
his Ma'", besides that it seemes the shipp is out of the 
power of the Marshall. I haue giuen Choquex the 

• The difficulty which Charles experienced in i*aising any money 
upon the prizes, is alluded to in Perfect Passages of the 15th 
October, 1 652 : " Prince Rupert hath lately seized on some good 
prizes; he keeps himself far remote, and makes his kinsman, Charles 
Stuart, make a leg for some cullings of his windfalls." 
^ t Melleray was (Jovemor of Nantes. 


papers, and will conferr with him what is to be done, 
for it is I perceaue true that the shipp and all the 
furniture was really putt into his handes by Pr. 
E-uperte,* so that besides the restitution of the 
vessell, there will be a large accounte to be made : 
When any thinge is resolued, you shall haue an 
accounte of it. 

I am very gladd you haue had so good successe in 
your suite, I hope it is but an instance of future good 
fortune at Brest, wher ther is much dew, if you haue 
receaued so little, as I haue formerly hearde you haue 
mentioned : — I prsesume you haue kept an exacte 
accounte of all you haue had upon those assignations, 
which I putt you only in minde of, because upon 
conference with S"" Geo. Carterett, he could not 
belieue it had bene possible, that upon so many 
pryzes as he obserued to be brought in, you should 
touch so little, as I assured him had come to your 
handes. When you went from hence, and vpon 
occasyon of somewhat I writt lately in a letter to 

Mr of the no profitt accrewed to his Ma"" 

upon that receipte, he answered me that it was 
impossible much could come to his Ma*^' owne 
receipte, when he granted so large assignments out 
of it, and so mentioned in the first place, what was 
allotted to you, as if it had bene payde. — Wee know 
nothinge of Englande more than that your fFrench 
Minister was landed at Dover. Wee shall shortly 
see what his reception hath bene, and shall then 
better guess at the effects : in the meane tyme, we 
are at no ease heare. My Lo: of E/Ochester (for that 
is my L^ Willmotts title) f is to sett out from hence 

* Pi'ince Rupert, just before this date, was in the West Indies, 
and had with him a fleet of fifteen sail, to which eight Dutch ships 
were joined in October. He is stated in the journals to have cap- 
tured ten rich English vessels, whilst cruising off St. Kitts. It is a 
remarkable circumstance, however, that another journal, the Perfect 
Passages, places him off Cyprus, and describes him as captui-ing all 
vessels that pass him in the Levant. 

f There was considerable difficulty in finding a proper title for 
Lord Wilmot, his first proposed one of Essex being claimed by Lord 
Capel, and that of Danby by the Attorney-General ; upon which, as 


on Thursday raominge, he trauells with a small 
trayue, and hath it in his power to assume the title 
of Ambassadour, * which I suppose he will choose to 
declyne, and do his businesse in a priuate way, which 
will procure a speedyer dispatch. — God praeserue you. 
I am, S', 
your very aflfectionate hu"' Serv', 

E. H. 

Pallais Ror ale, this 
24 ot Dtccmb. Christraasse Eue, 1652. 

Commend me to Mr. Holder, and lett him know 
1 have now receaued his of the 13. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue receaued yours of the 22^'' from Nantes, 
and am very gladd that you haue passed that parte 
of your iourny so well ; I hope the rest will be as 
successfull, though I do not exspecte you should 
iinde as good weather to bringe you home, as you 

stated in the Clarendon State Papers, iii., 121, "my Lord declined 
that title, and bo his patent is drawn up for the Earl of Rochester." — 
See also iii. 57. 

* It was hoped that he might succeed in inducing tlie German 
Princes to advance money for the King's private expenditure ; and 
also might so manage with the Dutch as to render them disposed to 
tmdertake some decided step in his favour. The King raustat this time 
hare been in sore distress. A letter from Paris in the Several Pro- 
ceedings, of 1 3th December, asserts that " the titular King of Scots 
is reduced to so low a condition tliat he is forced to eate his meals in 
taverns here at Paris, having not the commodity of dining at home." 
And not three months before this date, even Hyde had thus ex- 
pressed himself in a letter to Sir Edward Nicholas : " It is no wonder 
you should desire to be eased, as much as may be, of all kinds of 
charges. I am sure I have as much reason as any man living to join 
with you in that thrift ; yet I cannot avoid the constant expense of 
seven or eight livres the week for postage of letters, which I borrow 
scandalously out of my friends pockets, or else my letters must more 
scandalously remain still at the post-house ; and I am sure all those 
which concern my own private affairs would be received for ten sous 
a week, so that all the rest are for the King, from whom I have not 


haue had to carry you out : The Spanyard* desyred 
me to giue you my thankes for your care of him, 
which I do very heartily, and conceaue hy this tyme 
he is gotten into his owne Country, and I do " not 
thinke he will euer visitt ffrance agayne, which he 
hath no reason to loue, but for the English which he 
founde heare. Ther hath beene yett no letter from 
the Mareschall de Melleray, which ther was no reason 
to exspecte, if you had not mentioned it, as some- 
what you thought intended; I am exceedinge gladd 
that he proceeded so roundly with the English 
Rebells, as to arrest both the shipps and goods,t I 
wish they did so in all other partes of ffrance, that 
they might proceede a little more briskely towards 
ther greate worke, then yett they appeare to doe, 
but if I am not deceaued, the English will quicken 
them shortly, if they haue any spiritts left. 

You must not suspecte your frends kindnesse and 
affection to you, when I tell you, that your arrett is 
not yett dispatched : you know how little seruice I 
can do in that kinde by any personall sollicitation of 
my owne, more then by callinge upon Sir Ri: 
Foster, J which I haue often done, and in truth I 
thinke him to be as carefull in all that concernes 
you, and in this particular, as a frende can be : But 
the truth is, he hath beene ill since you went, and 
your Aduocate hath bene neuer with him, not at 

received one penny since I came hither, and am put to all this charge; 
and yet it is to no purpose to complain, though I have not been master 
of a crown these many months, and cold for want of clothes and fire 
and owe for all the meate which I have eaten these three months, 
and to a poor woman who is not longer able to trust." 

* A part of the private history of the time, to which no certain 
clue remains. Some plans had been put in agitation on the part of 
the Condeans to persuade both England and Spain to aid them with 
their arms; and as at this period there were two powerful political 
parties at Madrid, the man alluded to may have been a secret agent 
in the politics of the day. 

f An event not elsewhere recorded ; unless itrefers to the seizures 
of some ships at Dunkirk, afterwards restored to Cromwell by the 
French Government. 

J Sir Richard Foster was keeper of the King's privy purse, though 
he seldom was lucky enough to have anything to keep in it. See the 
Clarendon State Papers, vol. iii. p. 46. 

8 2 


home when he went to finde him, and the setlinge 
the kings businesse with the Surintend't (which is 
yett farr from being setled) hatli so worne out the 
good old man, that he hath not bene yett able to 
settle yours, which he promises me to dispatch out 
of hande : I forgott likewise to tell you, that this 
man is gone from him, which leaues him so much 
the worse. 

I receaued this weeke a letter from S' Ger. Lucas, 
under a cover to you, dated from a place called I 

thinke ,1 suppose it is somewher in Bri- 

tany, and I belieue you haue some addresse to him, 
therefore I trouble you with the inclosed. — All heare 
are your Seru" : God praeserue you. I am very 

Your most affectionate humble Serv*, 

Edw: Hyde. 

PiLLAis RoYALL 29 of Novtmb. 1652. 

The Kinge would have you giue Mr. Richards all 
assistance in executinge the orders for the Patricke 
& Francis,* formerly granted to S' G* Carterett : 
the lO"* & 15"* are to be payd to the proper receauers. 

Sir Ri: Browce. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue receaued yours of the 26. of Decemb. and 
am very gladd that you were then upon your way to 
Brest, whcr sure your presence will be more neces- 
sary than at Nantes, though it may be, your com- 
pany was not much desyred ther : you will I 
suppose finde the seamen and Capt: weary of that 
Porte, and therefore you are like to be the more 
Wellcome to them, with the proposicon from the 

* Two of the Jersey privateers. 

1652.] AND Sm RICHARD BROWNE. 261 

Marecliall de Melleray, * and if they were once 
induced to goe to Porte Lewes, I would mooue the 
Kinge to take notice of it, and to write to the 
Marechall : I hope you haue founde good store of 
mony for your selfe at Brest, from the pryzes which 
haue bene brought in, & that you finde that trybe of 
Captayns as towardly as Mr. Holder reported them 
to be, who hath a wonderfull esteeme of them : 
Though I do not loue to infuse any iealosyes or 
distrust in any man, of his frends, and those of 
whome he hath a good opinion, yett I haue reason 
to warne you, to be a little upon your guarde, 
and not too freely to imparte all you know or 

to Mr. H. o 1 d e r 

thinke 667 . 568 . 17 . 2 . 28 . 15 . 23 . 36 . 

who a ... weeke man 

704 : trust me is 4 . 699 . 726 . 573 . and so 

in his Religion that hee 

sottishly corrupted 534 . 502 . 337 . 673 . 501 . 

p r i e 8 

belieues whatsoeuer any 34 . 36 . 27 . 7 . 13 . 

12 . sayes to him, how ridiculous soeuer, and to 
aU these virtues he thinkes himselfe wiser than 
Solomon. Ther are some other reasons for this 
caution, which I cannot expresse at large, which 

he is not so iust 

make me belieue that 501 . 529 . 589 . 645 . 538 . 

to you he 

667 . 731 . as 501 . ought to be. We are all heare 
in the same beggarly condiconf you left us, which I 

* Melleray was at this moment a great object of jealousy to 
Cardinal Mazarin, who caused a letter to be sent to him from the 
King, inviting him to Court, and adding an offer of the command in 
Champagne; but the Marshal, knowing well that this was an intrigue 
to get him and his son, both of them suspected as friendly to tlie 
Conde party, into the power of the Court faction, excused himself 
on pretence of illness, &c. He was Governor of Nantes. 

•f- Yet the subjoined extract is taken from one of the Intelligencera 
pubUshed in London, of the date of November, 1652 : " The King of 
Scots lies yet in the Palace Royal, whither the French King and 
Queen came to give him a visit, and in abundance of ceremony, to 
thank him for that great pains he had taken in labouring the healing 


thinke by longe custome will grow a seconde nature 
to U8: I should be glad to heare that S' Geo. 
Carterctt were come to Brest. — God pnuserue you, 
and briiige us Mell togither agayne : — I am very 

Your most affectionate hu'*'' Serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

Paris, this 11 of January, 165S. 
Sir Ri. Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue yours of the S** and the 6. of this moneth : 
and you had receaued an answer to the first before 
the last had come to my hands, if it had bene in ray 
power to haue returned you such a one as could 
haue satisfyed my selfe. I was as full of the sense 
of the iniury and indignity that is offred to your 
Captaynes at Brest, and truly so is the Kinge, as 
they could wish, but you know iniuryes and acts of 
iniustice are not as soone remedyed and repayred 
heare, as dicouered : The Kinge wished young L** 
Jermin, Mr. Atturny and my selfc, to consider what 
was to be done, and wee were all of opinion, know- 
inge Mhat Princes all Gouemors are at present in 
ffrance, that it would not be fit to mooue the Courte, 
which no doubte knows nothinge of this arrest and 

up of those sad breaches between his Majesty and his people ; which 
Christian office has gained him at Court tiie title of Magnce Britannice 
et Hibemice Rex, Pidei Defensor, Pericll Dlssipator Gallici, Pacisque 
Compotitor Generalunmo. 'Tis rumoured that the King of Denmark 
should send him 100,0O0Z. in gold for a present, with the promised 
Msistance of him and his subjects in tlie disputing of his cause 
against all opposers. The Duke of Yorke is still in high favour, and 
is cryed up for the most accomplished gentleman, both in arms and 
courtesie, that graces the French Court. The English begin to be 
admitted dayly into places of high trust and command ; and those 
shaded Cavaliers, whom the world thought worthy of nothing but 
exilement, begin to be looked upon according to their worth and 
known gallantry." 


restrainte, nor it may be of the bargayne and con- 
nivance for the admissyon of our shipps (for you know 
wee haue bene longe without the benefitt of the 
printed Order you mention) before Mons. Castlenoe 
(from whome the orders were without question sent, 
for his owne benefitt) be first spoken with, and 
my L^ Jermin * promised to doe that presently, and 
he hoped eff'ectually ; but wee finde after longe en- 
quyry that Mons. Castlenoe is gone out of this towne 
to the Cardinall, nor is it knowne when he will 
returne, and yett it is thought as necessary, that his 
minde and resolucon be first vnderstoode : Therefore 
my L*^ Jermyn hath written to him, and inclosed 
the state of the case, made out of your letters, and 
Mr. Atturny hath sent the same to the Duke of 
Yorke, who wee presume is most like to gett a full 
dispatch in it, and wee must expecte the answer from 
thence, and then if there be any cause to complayne 

* Jermyn's influence at the exiled Court had for some time been 
very great ; and is thus described by a ne\vs-^\Titer of the time, 
^iTiting from Paris, in a volume of Tracts in the British Museum : 
" The little Queen is retired to the nunnery at Clialiot, there to spend 
her time a while in devotion, for the advance of some designes that 
she hath on foot She left her son the fugitive at the Louvre, given 
up to the bent of his Common Pi'ayer Mongers, and of Jermyn, 
whose power is now greater with hira than any ; which is a sure 
sign that his Mother rules him again, and that he hath resigned his 
judgment, affection, and all to her ; because heretofore there was a 
sore grudge between him and Jermyn, in regard at his former being 
here. Jermyn (who then commanded and still keeps the purse) 

was very sti*eight handed over him in his expenses The old 

Court flies begin now again to flock about him" (30tli Dec. 1651) 
" from all parts. Crofts is returning from Poland, where he called 
himselfe a Lorde Ambassadour ; and is to be made a Lord as soon 
as he comes (as they would have us believe), for his pains in that 
employment, and for the charitable contribution of our Polish cousins 
that (they say) he brings along with him. Some of them are come 
to the Louvre already out of Flanders, as Hide, a man of dignity too, 
that calls himself the Chequer Chancellor ; here is also Bramhall, of 
London Derry, Dan O'Neill, Fraiser, a physitian, and one Lloid, a 
Chaplain. These bring newes, that Buckingham and Seer. Nicholas 
would have come along too, but that they wanted Ghelt ; and the rest 
of his Majesties black guard and retinue that wander in the Low 
Countries, if they were sure of daily bread for their attendance." 


at Courte, Tree will take the best care wee can, that 
it be made as it ought to be. 

ffor the other busincsse conceniinge the Marq: 

of , of Avhich I thinke I writt somewhat to 

you in my last, Mr. Atturny and I haue spoken with 
Choquy of it, who exspects euery djiy an answer to 
what he hath formerly sent to the Marq: and when 
that comes, or that it appeares he desyres not to make 
any answer, the Kinge will conclude what he should 
doe as to the revocation. 

ffor your Hamborough pryse, you cannot suppose 
that I will retume a priuate opinion of my owne, in 
a businesse of that nature, for many reasons, and 
the Kinge commanded me to aduise with M' At- 
turny, and upon both our consideringe the case, as 
M' Holder sent it me, wee doe not see it so cleerely 
stated, as to be able to giue the King any iudgement 
upon it, since it does not appeare that the goods do 
at all belonge to any English raarchant or ffactor, 
but for ought appears may be the proper estate of 
the Hamberghers. 

I did not suppose they had suffred you to giue any 
adiudications ther, and that the former arrest had 
bene made at Rhemes upon that quarrell : We hope 
the Duke Avill be heare within 2 or 3 dayes, and then 
it will be necessary to receaue his derection upon all 
this businesse. My L** Inchiquin and I are upon 
some trouble with your Landlord, Avho yesterday was 
at your house, and expresses some purpose to seize 
upon the goods; which we all vnderstande would 
not only be very mischicuous to you, but very dis- 
honorable to the Kinge, and therefore you may be 
confident that wee omitt nothing that is in our power 
to doe, hauinge not a penny to discharge the debte.* 

• An extract from the Mercurim Politicm of the 8 th July, 1652, 
may help to illustrate this letter : " Charles Stuart, who was said to 
be gone in our last [from Paris] went not till some few days after. 
He made the more haste, because a servajit of his was fallen upon, 
pursued, and beaten, even in his master's place of abode at the 
Louvre. Hee also was besieged there by the bakers, butchers, and 
other tradesmen of all sorts, in whose books he is fain very deep ; 
and they feared, if they lost him they should lose their money. But 


This day S' Ri: ffoster goes -with my L** Inchiquin to 
him, to see how farr good wordes and promises will 
prevayle with him, and all other courses shall be 
really taken for his satisfaction, that are in the 
Kinges power. Will ther be nothinge dew upon the 
Kinges owne share of the pryses brought in by the 
Patricke & Francis, that might be imployed to 
that purpose ? any order should be procured from 

I pray convay this inclosed to Ge: Carterett, who I 
suppose is not still with you. God prseserue you. I 
am heartily. 

Your most affectionate hu*"'* Serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 
Pall: Ro: this 21 of January 1653. 

Sir R. Browne. 

/Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue receaued yours of the 7th from the good 
Govern' and yourselfe, and this must serue as answer 
to you both, for I am still in my old posture, not 
yet able to stirr from my bed. I have not heard 
these many weekes from Mr. Holder, but I suppose 
he giues the same informacon to the Duke and his 
officers, if not, what he sayes is likely to be belieued 
more then what I shall informe, therefore I must 
still* renew my aduice to you, that you write very 
particularly to the Duke himselfe, or to some of his 
officers, of all the obstruccons you meete with, and 
very particularly of the misdemeanours of the Cap- 
taines, * and of any such proposicons and expedients 

to pacify them they were told his intent was but to go to Rosney 
upon the way to Roan. His mother marches with him. The small 
baggage they have is already gone. They give out that they will 
returne after the peace is made, and condemn this City of ingratitude; 
alledging that it had bin blockt up by the King before this time, had it 
not bin for their mediation with his Majesty." 

* The Duke of York was actually at this period with the French 


which you thinke fitt to offer for the promoting his 
seruice, and I make noe doubt but his lloyall High- 
nes will as sooue hearken to you, and be aduiced by 
you, as by any persons. I can giue you no intelli- 
gence from hence, whilst I continue thus a prysoner, 
but truely I thinke they who are abroad know little 
of moment, the Court here being wholy intent upon 
battels and matters of pleasure, and our owne affaires 
being in a dead calme, cxspecting some gentle gale 
from some of our neighbours to give them motion, 
and realh' I doe belieue y' good spiritt does improve, 
since no body can doubt, but y' the people in Eng- 
land are generally well prepared for it. This is all 
I can say to you, but y' I am to you both 

your most affectionate humble servant, 

Edw. Hyde. 
PiRis 18 Feb. 1653. 

The King hath lately bene aduertised by the 
Gouemment of Innisboffine, that if any Marchant- 
men will bring come, armes, or ammunicon thither, 
they shall be sure to receiue ready money for it, and 
that such a supply would enable them for some time 
to exspect greater, and not to submitt to the rebells. 
If it were possible to procure an)'' of your Men of 
War, or any Marchants to resort thither, it would be 
a wonderfull good seruice, therefore I pray deuice 
all wayes possible to compasse it, and let me know 
how the seuerall letters I sent to you directed to y' 
place haue bene disposed off. * • 

army under Turenne ; and though he would seem from this letter to 
have been personally interested in the affairs of the little squadron of 
privateers, yet there is no mention of it whatever in the Life published 
from his own Memoir, 

* These plans and hopes were soon after put an end to by the 
capture of Innisboffin by the rarliamentary army, it being then the 
last place in Ireland tliat held out for the King. 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I am sure it can be no newes to you that Pr. 
Rupert is safe at Nantes/'' and therfore it is very- 
probable this letter may not finde you at Brest, but 
that you may haue thought it fitt to attende his 
Highnesse, and offer him your seruice. The Kinge 
hath sent Mr. Holder some derection concerninge the 
Hamborough shipp. If George Carterettf be not 
with you, I pray send this letter to him by the first 
safe opportunity, and if he hath not a coppy of your 
cypher, send it to him, I havinge used it in this 
letter for 3 or 4 lynes, which it is necessary for him 
to understande. Excuse me, who hauinge no letter 
of yours to answer, for beinge at present so shorte, 
which you know is not my naturall faulte. Wee 
haue reason to hope the Kings affayres are upon a 
mendinge hande, with reference to Hollande. — God 
be with vou. I am very heartily, 

your most affectionate Seru*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

Paris this 22 of Slarcli, (1653), 
Sir Ric: Browne. 

* This was the last of Prince Rupert's maritime expeditions 
during the Interregnum. On his return to Europe he captured a 
rich prize laden with tobacco, and having carried her into Nantz, in 
March, 1653, he was soon after seized with a violent ihness, recover- 
ing from which he proceeded to Paris, and was well received by the 
French King. From Paris he went to the Imperial Court; but 
returned to England at the Restoration. The small fleet now under 
the command of Prince Rupert had been originally refitted at 
Toulon ; but having met with losses of ships, particularly at the 
Azores (where his own flag-ship, the Reformation, had been sunk, 
and the whole crew of 360 men perished, witli the exception of 
Rupert, his brother Maurice, and twelve others), it was found neces- 
sary to return to the northern parts of France; particularly as Admiral 
Penn, with his squadron, was waiting for them in the Straits of 

f Sir George Carteret, a little before this time, commanded a 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

About three days since I receaued yours of the 24. 
of the last moueth, which makes me still wonder how 
it comes to passe, that yours are so longe upon the 
way, for it is not possible that the post can be 12 or 
14 dayes upon the way from Brest, and so much tyme 
ther is still betweene your writinge and my readiuge. 
I suppose the Governour is now gone to Nantes, or 
else he will not wayte on the Prince, which I should 
be sorry for. the Kinge sent his coach on Wensday 
to Orleans, supposinge it will meete his Highnesse * 
ther, or that he will be ther within a day or 2 after, 
80 that wee exspecte him heare on Tuesday or 
Wensday, and till his retnrne I do not conceaue that 
you neede putt your selfe to the treble of a ioumy, 
and if ther be then any occasyon for it, I will aduer- 
tise you: If the euidence against the Captaynes be 
so pregnant as it seemes by you to be, of seueral 
theftes and cozinages, how would it be possible for 
the Judge to declare them innocent ? and though it 
may, it would be difl&culte to obteyne iustice against 
them in that jurisdiction, yett the declininge to giue 
in the testimony and charge against them before the 
proper officer (though it is possible he will not haue 
power enough to cause reparacon to be made, if he 
had the will to do it) will be made a greate counte- 
nance to them, as if the allegations were not waighty j 
and I finde (though I am a stranger to all that is done 
on that syde of the house) that the Captaynes are 
upon all occasyons much magnifyed, as excellent 
vsefull ministers. — I am very gladd of that order you 

eniall squadron of tlie Royal ships, with which he cruised, principally 
upon the coast of Ireland, and greatly to the annoyance of the 
Republican party, if we may judge from their journals. 

• Prince Rupert. This event is much noticed in the London 
journals of the time. Those journals also assert, upon the autho- 
rity of some runaway seamen wlio had landed at Weymouth, " that 
all the plunder he hath brought is not worth 10,000^., and the Swallow 
is hallen up altogether unserviceable." 


mention^ against the transportinge the necessaryes 
for shippinge, which I wonder the more at, because 
wee conceaue the fFrench Minister at London euery 
day getts grounde, but I hope they will deceaue each 
other. — Innisboffin was poorly giuen up aboute the 
middle of ffebruary, so that now I feare the poore 
Irish haue only woods and boggs for shelter ; I pray 
keepe all those dispatches safe by you, but j'ou neede 
not send them backe, till you come your selfe. Hath 
G* Carterett a good opinion of Anthonio ? I hope 
ther will be some parte of your house-rent payd out 
of hande, but I know not what to say to your assigne- 
ments upoii the Prince, who no doubte will haue 
occasyon to vse all and more then he can haue 
brought home, to repayre and fitt out his shipps.* — 
It is a good and conscientious thinge to pay off any 
old debts, and good husbandry to discharge those 
first, for which interest is to be payd ; but if I were 
in your case, I should satisfy my selfe, in keepinge 
mony enough in my purse to prseserue me a yeere 
from staruinge, before I thought of paying any 
debtes. Wee do flatter ourselves with an opinion 
that our affayres will mende, and that wee shall not 
stay long heare, indeede I belieue our Master will 
putt himselfe into some action this summer, and that 
wee shall not spende it in ffrance.t God prseserue 
you and, 

your very affectionate hu*"^' Serv*, 

E. H. 

Paris this 12 of ^^jj-ii (1653). 

Indorsed by Sir R. Browne: 
From Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer, 12 A'p^ 1653. Received 
19 A'pi. 

* These were the shattered ships which had returned to Nantz 
from the West Indian cruise: but another portion of the Royal 
squadron was now favourably received in the ports of Holland; as 
we find asserted in the Moderate Publisher of tlie 15th April, 1653. 
Indeed it was generally reported that the States had now resolved 
to give Charles the title of King of Great Britain. 

"f This was a vain hope, for Charles remained in France until the 
ensuing year. 


Sir Richard Browne to the Chancellor of the 

21 April 1653. 

Right Hon'-'*, 

Two dayes since I receiued your Hon" of 12"*, by 
which it appeares that it made better spcede hither, 
then it seemes mine commonly doe to Paris, the 
cause whereoff is, that betweene this place and 
Morlaix there is noe settled convaiance, only the 
opportunity of such carriers who come uncertainly 
from thence hither once or twice a wecke to fetch 
linnen cloth. I haue not yett heard one Avord from the 
Gouernour since his goinge hence : butt Mr. Holder 
(who yesterday returned from Nantes) assures mee 
that hee had beene with the Prince some dayes before 
his Highnesses going for Paris ; and that His H. did 
also acknowledge to him to haue receiued my I're by 
Sir G: Carterett.* 

I perceive the French minister is nott returned (as 
wee were made beleiue) out of England, which I 
am sorry for, butt hope God in his due time will doe 
our worke by puttinge his Ma'' into some successefull 
action worthy his Royall undertakinge : and shall 
with impatience exspect to heare how in case our 
Maister leaue the kingdome, I shall bee inabled to 
retume to Paris (one handsome stepp to which the 

• How very little chance the Privy Purse had of assistance from 
the assets of the squadron, may be judged from a letter of Hyde's to 
Nicholas, where he says : " You must never expect information from 
me of any of the business of the prize, or anything that is managed 
by Prince Rupert, who consults only with the Lord Keeper; and I 
much doubt very little of that money will come to the King. I shall 
be satisfied if what is raised on the guns and ship (for all is to be 
■old) come justly to his hands." See the Clarendon StaU Papertf 
▼oL iii. p. 200. — And again, in p. 222, he speaks more feelingly : 
" The truth is. Prince Rupert is so totally governed by the Lord 
Keeper [Sir Edward Herbert], that the King knows him not. You 
talk of money the King should have upon the prizes at Nantz ; 
alass ! he hath not only not had one penny from thence, but Prince 
Rupert pretends the King owes him more money than ever I was 


discharge of my house-rent will proue), or be other- 
waves disposed off in order to his seruice. If wee 
had faire play the Kinges dues here would rise to 
somethinge, butt with this most abominably shock- 
inge Gouvemour there is such an unpreuentable 
tyranny in the vpper and corruption of the under 
officers in this place where we are but precario, that 
it is a shame to see it. 

Captain Antonio hath vppon that score quite left 
this port, and will yf hee may be beleiued be shortly 
with you at Paris, where he hath a proces. S' G. 
Carteret will giue y' Hon"" an account of him ; for 
since the receipt of your last I haue written to him 
soe to doe. He knowes what I thinke of him, and 
yf his owne opinion bee not better then mine, I doe 
assure your Hon' it is nott admirably good : and I doe 
wish the Kinge would be very sparinge how hee con- 
ferre any fauour on him until he deserue better then 
hithertoo I can say hee hath. I perceiue you haue 
new councellors sworne & a grand new officer with 
whom I am obleeged to congratulate. God direct 
all for the best : soe that the generall of our affaires 
goe well, it matters not much what becomes of him, 
who is unfaignedly and aetemally Yo' Hon" 

Most faithfuU, most obliged, 

and most humble seruant, 

R: Browne. 

Brest, 21. Aipril 1653. 
Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

Sir Richard Browne to the Chancellor of the 

Right Hon"% 
My last to your Hon"" were of the 28th Aprill, 
Munday last; the day foUowinge in the eueninge 
came priuatly to this towne the Marquis de Neu- 
bourg, youngest brother to the Marq: de Sourdiac, 
with another gentleman in his company ; who imme- 
diately went to the Castle, and after a longe consul- 
tation with Mon' de Camper concealed themselues as 


much as they could. Yesterday, in a small fregat* 
which Mas goiuge to sea with his Ma*'" commission, 
this Marquis, with a Captain, an officer of the Castle, 
& 150 men, amongst which our turbulent Captain 
Smyth, imbarqued as priuatly as they could with in- 
tention to goe and reduce the Isle of Ushant, for 
which enterprise I heare this Marquis hath brought 
the French Kinges orders and Mon' de Castlenau's 
recommendations. And I presume the island yf 
taken, will as formerly bee re-annexed f to this 
gouvernment of Brest. Wee are in hourly expec- 
tation what the successe will bee, wheroff your 
Hon' may expect account in my next, and accord- 
ingly I shall gouverne myselfe in the demand of his 
Mil"" dues out of the tobacco that shall be there 
fouud, which is nott vppon this occasion to bee ne- 
glected. Nott yett one line from my deare S' George 
Carteret : wee liued together like brothers ; and I 
hope he hath nott soe soone forgotten mee. 
Prayinge, &c. From your Hon" &c. 

R. B. 

Brest. 2 May. 1653. 

The Hollanders bringe more prizes dayly into the 
ports vppon this coast. Captain Swart, who com- 
manded The Patricke hath this weeke lanched a small 
man of warre under the Holland colours; Agent 
Rameng Coale hauinge undertaken to procure for 
him a sea-commission from the States of Holland. 

* The Parliamentary news-writers of the day, alluding to those 
parts of the navy which still remained loyal to Charles, inform us : 
" The King of Scots Pickroones play their cards cunningly upon the 
coast of Jersey ; no less then two delicate prizes have they taken and 
carried to Shawsey Island," (Isle du Choisi), " aniountinge to a great 
value ; besides Captain Chaniberlin playes his pranks notably, and 
trusses up our pore fishermen, even as a falcon doth wild ducks, 
forcing them to pay tribute to his young master Charles, and exacts a 
pistol upon all such boats that fetcheth urack [sea wrack] from the 
said island of Shawsey, belonging to the French King." 

t This affair is rather unintelligible, unless we suppose that Ushant 
had declared for the Condean party. The tobacco alluded to may 
possibly have formed the cargoes of prizes carried in there by the 
Royal cruisers. 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue receauecl yours of the 21. of the last, and 
had one little letter from the Gouernour * since his 
departure from you, after he had wayted on the 
Prince : I belieue he is now busy at Burdeaux, yett 
sure he will sonietymes write to his frends, who haue 
the lesse reason to be angry with his silence, since 
his wife knowes so little of him, that shee askes me 
wher he is. Our reportes of the proceedings of the 
ffrench minister in Englande are so different, that 
I know not what to thinke of it, many of our frends 
at London conceauinge him even ready to come away 
full of dissatisfaction, & on the contrary the Courte 
heare belieue, or seeme to belieue, that they haue 
almost finished a treaty with them to their content : 
if the newes which came to the towne 2 dayes 
since, be true, that Burdeaux hath declared it selfe 
a common wealth, and is promised protection fro' 
Englande, ther will be a quicke end of that negoti- 
acon : I wish wee were ready to be gone from 
hence, though you were not so amply prouyded for, 
as I wish, yett I doubte not somewhat would be done 
towards it : in the meane tyme, I am confident S' 
Ric: ffoster hatli payd at least halfe a yeeres rent, but 
I thinke more : I know no new councellours made 
but the Keeper :t and wee haue now another new 
greate officer, Pr. Ruperte, Master of the Horse : % 

* Sir George Carteret, who had been Deputy Governor of Jersey. 

•j* Sir Edward Herbert, Lord Keeper since 1 652, of whom Clarendon 
elsewhere says, that he " thought himself the wisest man that fol- 
lowed the King's fortune ; and was always angry that he had not 
more to do." His intrigues are humorously depicted in Clarendon's 

J A letter from Paris, in the journals of the day, says : " Prince 
Rupert is in some measure recovered of his bloody flux, but goes 
little abroad out of the Palace Royal, because he wants a princely 
retinue, which I see no probability for him to have in France yet a 
while. Charles Stuart is at a nou plus what to do ; things do not 



God prreserue you, and send us a good meetinge. 
T am uery heartily, 

Your most affectionate hu"' Serv*, 

E. H. 
Paris, this 3 of May 1653. 
Sir R. Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne, 

I receaued yours of the 28. of the last, and of 
the 2* of this, togither 3 dayes since : 1 thought 
all the dutyes of the Marq' pryzes had bene already 
in Mr. Bullins hande, and I told him that he should, 
and he told me he would retayne in his owne hands 
the IS*** for you : I will not so much as enquyreinto 
what concernes or may relate to the 10"". nor a 
worde more concerninge the commissyons, for which 
I am sure Edgraan neuer exspected a penny, but 
Maffonett did, and had reason to doe, which I 
suppose Mr. Bennett * had not : but no more of 
that : nor I pray take any more notice of it. 

I receaued a letter from the good Gouemour 
within these 2 days from Brouages, which was the 
first I had from him since his beinge at Nantes, 
though he sayes he hath writt others. It is no easy 
matter in that hurry he is in of businesse and 
remooues to write frequent letters, nor is he good 

answer his expectations : his designes faile him." Another observes : 
" Prince Rupert flourishes with his blaclcmoors and new liveries, and 
so doth his cousin Charles, they having shared tlie moneys made of the 
prize goods at Nantz ; and in recompence Rupert is made Master of 
the Horse." 

* This is that Bennet of whom Clarendon remarks, that he was a 
man bred from his cradle in the Court, and had no other business in 
the world than to be a good courtier, in the arts whereof he suc- 
ceeded so well, that he might well be reckoned in the number of the 
finest gentlemen of the time ; and, thou/^h his parts of natm'e were 
very mean, and never improved by industry, yet, passing his time 
always in good company, and well acquainted with what was done in 
all businesses, he would speak well and reasonably to any purpose. 


at itt at any tyme, and therfore you and I shall be 
very vnkinde and vniust to him, if wee suspecte his 
frendshipp to us, for those oraissyons, which all men, 
but those of the penn, are alwayes guilty of: he is 
sure a very worthy person, and loues wher he 
professes soe to do : you heare what a noble confu- 
sion Cromwell hath made, by dissoluinge ther 
Parliam' * with all the contempt and scorne imagin- 
able, and now those adored members, and of the 
Councell of State, are looked upon by all, as they 
deserue to be : what be ther next acte, is our great 
expectacon, and what influence that which is done, 
must haue upon forraigne nations, who were treatinge 
with them : sure some notable crisis is at hande, 
worse I hope wee cannot be. All thinges are heare 
as they were, S' Ric. ffoster hath payed 500''. for 
your rent, and hath acquittance only for so much, 
but no information, what the contracte is, or how 
much is still in arreare. God send us a good meet- 
inge in England, which is not despavred of by. 

Your very aff'ectionate serv*, 

E. H. 

Paris May 19. 1653. 
Sir R. Browne. 

Sir Richard Browne to the Chancellor of the 

20 May, 1653. 
Right Hon'''% 
Yesterday I gaue yo'' Hon'' notice of my being 
called to Nantes ; this morninge as I am ready to 

* An allusion to the memorable event of the 20th April, 1653, 
when Cromwell entered the House of Commons at the head of a party 
of soldiers, forcibly dissolved the Parliament then sitting, took away 
the mace, and ordered the doors to be locked up. A few days after- 
ward a bill was stuck upon the door — "This House to be let 
unfurnished." One of the Intelligencers of the same day published 
an alleged letter from Paris, stating : " Charles Stuart pretends to be 
as glad at the dissolution of the Parliament of England, as at the 

T 2 


put foote in stirrop, Captain Sadlinpton's * fregat 
arriues from the coast of Irlaud with the bearer 
hearoff O'Sullivane Beiruc,t a person whom I find 
noe lesse by his owne discourse then by the testi- 
monye of all his countrymen here, very well aflFected 
to his IMa''*"' seruice : He comes deputed from such 
of his Ma"" faithful! subjects as yett remaine in the 
west side of Munster : and hastens now towards Paris 
to giue his ^la'" an account of those parts : which 
though of it selfe it bee recommendation enough, 
yett at his request, I take the bolduesse by these 
to addresse him to y' Hon" acquaintance, and by y"" 
fauour to his Ma''': The state of whose afi'aires, I 
hope hee may by Gods goodnesse find in a condition 
able to afford such releife as may excite and ani- 
mate these embers of loyalty into a fire, nay flame, 
sufficient to destroy and consume the circumambient 
and the now too predominant contrary of haynous 
treason and unparaleld rebellion. In which good 
omen I kisse vo' Hon" hands, and rest 
Y" &c. &c. 

R. Browne. 

coming of his brother Henry to him, but I think they arc both but 
froHcs. He liath received intelHgence from Rome, that the Pope will 
liave nothing to do with him, and in no case have dealing with him, 
as being not only inconstant and unsettled what to do, but unable to 
do anything." 

* Captain Sadlington was retained in the royal service after the 
Restoration, and fell gallantly fighting in the year 1673, on the 4th of 
June, in the action with Van Tromp, He then commanded the Crown, 
under tlie orders of Prince Rupert. 

f O'SuUivan Beirne was a gentleman of some landed property in 
Ireland, living near Beerhaven, and was of such consequence in that 
part of the country, where the clans of O'Sullivan were numerous, 
that he was chosen general of the forces raised in aid of the Royal 
cause. The reason of this visit to France seems to be accounted for 
by the following extract from the Severall Proceedings of the 30th 
June, 1653 : " From Ireland it is certified, that a party of Irisli, of 
General Bear's men, had a design to have surprised some garrisons ; 
but, having notice, a party fell upon them in their march, I'outed 
tiiem, and killed many ; and Bear himself, with some other oflScers, 
got into a boat, and fled over into France." 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne, 

I receaued yours of the 7. 3 dayes since and 
yesterday your other of the 10. and returne this by 
the same hande which brought me yours, which 
seemes to be very solHcitous and confident to 
returne it safely and speedily to you : I haue sent 
you such a letter from his Ma*^ to the Marshall, as 
in my vnderstandinge is necessary, and I hope if 
any thinge would, will prseuayle with him. To have 
inserted the memoire it selfe would not haue bene 
so proper, since it cannot be supposed to be within 
his Ma'^^ proper cognisance. Your letters concern- 
inge O'Sullivan Beare are not come to my hands. 

Upon the receipt of your former I did send the 
inclosed to Mr. Bennett, who hath notwithstandinge 
not vouchsafed to conferr with me a worde about 
the businesse, and when I sent to him to know 
whether he would send any thinge to you, and lett 
him know what his Ma*^ had directed, he returned 
me answer that I might haue spared his Ma'^ that 
labour, for the Duke had done the same, but I hope 
actes of supererogation in this kinde will do no 
harme : it may be he will send his letters under this 

Ther is no questyon that I know concerninge 
your accounte, it is fitt you should alwayes haue it 
ready, and produce it when it is called for, and Idoubte 
not you will receaue all iust allowance, and truly I am 
heartily glad that it hath brought so seasonable a 
reliefe to you : * our Master thinkes of remoouinge, 

* It was made matter of remark in the public journals that a season- 
able supply had arrived for the Royal family at this moment. The 
Faithfid Post, of the same date as this letter, says, in a communication 
from Amsterdam : " Here is arrived the adventurer called the Spanish 
Bark ; coming from Rochelle : he hath taken three prizes about the 
West, which he hath sold in France, amounting to a great value, 
which is distributed by the Commander in Chief, Capt. Grimes, as 
followeth — to the poor distressed widow, our late Queen, £1000 ; 


but when or whither is not yett determined. Wee 
exspeete euery day newes of an engagement at sea 
betweene the two ffleetes, the successe of which may 
probably alter * the temper in both Councclls, at 
London and at the Hague, the last still pressinge 
most vnreasonably ther desyres of treaty. I am very 

your most affectionate Serv*, 

E. H. 

Paris this 1 4 of June 1 653. 
Sir Ri: Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue receaued yours of the 30 of June by Mr. 
Holmes, & a duplicate of by your mayde, to nether 
of which ther needes any answer, my last which you 
since haue had satisfyinge the contents of those. 
Since, your other of the 5. of July are come to my 

To what concernes the Marshall I can add nothinge, 
till I know in the way I advised what his prsetences 
are ; nor haue I any reason to imagyne that he hath 

King of Scots, £3000 ; Duke of York, £2000 ; Duke of Gloucester, 

* The action did take place, and the Dutch were defeated. The 
consequences, if we are to believe a letter from Paris in one of the 
weekly Intelligencers, were very hostile to Charles's interests at the 
Court of France. " The news of the defeat given by the English to 
the Dutch," says the writer, " much startled the Court, and indeed 
all France ; those of Charles Stuart's followers gave out reports at 
first that tlie Dutcli had beaten the English, and that he was to go to 
Holland, and that they would do great things fur him, and the 
English went vapouring of it up and down the streets, and some of 
them were soundly foxt; but the next day came news to several 
merchants of this city, besides letters to the Courts (which were kept 
more private), that the Dutch were beaten, and had sustained a very 
great losse : upon this there was a great meeting of the Council with 
the King, and their countenances very sad all about tlie French 
Court, and divers of the English going through the streets of Paris 
were so mocked and jeered that tliey have been ashamed almost to 
show tlieir heads abroad." 


taken any excepcons to your person, only when I 
asked, why it was desyred that the busynesse might 
be referred to Pr. Rupert, since being not upon the 
place, his Highnesse could not so easily giue direction 
upon it, answer was made to me, that it might be, 
that the Marshall desjrred not to treate with S"" Ri. 
Browne : and truly in those cases, when men aske 
vnreasonable thinges, it is no wonder that they haue 
no minde to be pressed by publique Ministers.* 

I doubt I shall not be able to finde a copy of your 
peticon and order from the Kinge, if I can I will, 
nor will I do any thinge upon that businesse, till 
upon your view of the whole, accouute you can see in 
what state you are, and then I will procure such 
orders as are necessary ; till then it is to no purpose 
to discourse of it : nor is it proper for me to send to 
M' Windham f (with whome I haue no correspond- 
ence) to know what you haue receaued from him, 
you will state all that upon your accounte. The course 
I propose to my selfe to obserue is, that the Kinge 
signe a warrant to you, to deducte out of your receipts 
satisfaction for all such warrants which he hath 
formerly signed upon others, and which haue prooued 
ineffectuall to you ; and if that satisfyes for the time 
past, advise what will bee best, to order for the future. 

Wee are full of exspectation what will be the issue 
of the treaty in Englande J betweene the Dutch and 

* An allusion to the rapacious conduct of the Marshal wth regard 
to the prizes, and the stores of the ships that were sold. 

+ Mr. Windham, as early as 1652, had been appointed the receiver 
of the King's fifth in all prizes; and this by the King's special 
appointment, in opposition to the Duke of York's recommendation of 
the Bishop of Derry. The situation was one which Sir Edward Hyde 
had been very anxious to obtain for his godson, son to Sir Edward 
Nicholas. See the Clarendon Slate Papers, vol. iii. pp. 112, 118. 

J The London Intelligencers were at this time giving a very 
different view of the feelings of Charles's little exiled Court, assert- 
ing that they were constantly engaged " in forms of Common Prayer" 
for the success of the Dutch fleet over that of England ! Nor were 
the Puritan party at home particularly anxious for peace, protesting 
that the " work of the Lord is not yet done ; that the sword must not 
be sheathed untill they had brought down the tyranny of Rome, and 
restored poor ignorant captives to a gospel enjoyment of the universal 


the Rebells, which our frends ther do not belieue 
like to produce any reconciliation : and then I hope 
wee shall quickly leave this place, the which our 
poore Master prouydes to doe. The same day 
brought the newes of the takinge liourgue by the 
Duke of Vendosrae and llhetell by ^Marshall Turgu, 
and yett the Prince of Conde is confident the English 
will relieue Burdeaux.* 

I am, S% 
Your very afifectionate humble Serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

Paris tliis 12 of Juiy (1653). 
S' Ri. Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

Paris this 30"' otJuly (1653). 

I haue receaued yours of the 23. of July, as I had 
before your other of the 16. I deliuered your other 
to Pr: Ruperte, and he hath promised mee to write 
to the Marshall, who he sayes he knowes will make 
no scruple to deliuer those parcells to you and the 
Dukes officers, which concernes the lO"* & IS'*", which 
beinge done, you are not to make any instances in 
the Kings name, for the rest, till his Ma'" shall be 
better informed, and you receaue other orders : so 
that you are only to looke for the 15. and lOths.f I 
desyred the Prince to send his letter for the Marshall 
inclosed to you, but he was not willinge to do that, 
because ther is an agent heare of the Marshalls with 
whome he transactes all, and by whome he promises 
such directions shall be giuen, that upon your repayr- 

inge to the Gouemour (which is all you 

neede to do) that shall be done which wee exspecte : 

• The Prince of Cond^ was mistaken. 
f This necessity of temporising with the avaricious detainer of 
their captured property, to which the exiled Court was obliged to 
submit, is not only a convincing proof of the inhospitable conduct of 
the French Government, but also (if tliey did not participate in the- 
plunder) of their want of authority over their own oilicers. 


it is now the tyme that the businesse of the pryze is 
transactinge, and therfore the Prince desyres that all 
complyance be vsed towards the Marshall, and that 
wee do nothinge to anger him : — I finde the Mar: 
pretends the stoppinge the other goods npon pre- 
tence of much money dewe to him as Admirall of 
Britany, upon many pryzes brought into those portes 
by the owners of those goods. I yett heare nothing 
of Anthouio. 

I know not what to say to your mayd, nor the 
information shee hath receaued, but I assure you, the 
King takes all possible care that the house receaues 
no affronte, and to that purpose hath had a con- 
sideracon of it in Councell within these 3 dayes, in 
which, particular order is taken, that his former 
directions to you, and to Dr. Cozens, be reuiued and 
renewed, for the keepinge up the seruice* carefully 
when he shall leue this place : and I had order to 
sende for your landlord, and together with S' E-i: 
ffoster, to renew to him his Ma"* gracious promises 
that he shall not be any looser : I intende this day to 
send to him to come hither: ther are yett only 
500'", payde of the rent by S' Ri: fibster : when 
mony can be gotten, more shall : in the meane tyme, 
the Kinge himselfe commanded me to write to you; 
that you should if possible returne some mony to the 
landlorde, in parte of the rent, out of your receipts 
ther, with such a letter for his encouragement that 
he may vnderstande it to be his INIa'" mony, and 
sent by his order, and I thinke you will be no looser 
by it, for heareby I shall be able to keepe off all 
prsetences and importunityes for other orders, v/^^ his 
Ma'^ hath promised to me. I have no more to say, 
but that I am, 

your very afiectionate liu'"'*' Serv*, 

E. H. 

* Dr. Cosins (afterwards Bishop of Durham) was one of the King's 
Chaplains. He is often mentioned by Evelyn in his diary and letters; 
and the allusion in the text is to his having the service of the Church 
of England regularly performed at Sir Richard Browne's house, 
which Evelyn tells us was always done. 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I hatie receaued yours of the 26. of the last moneth, 
and by this tyine I suppose Pr: Rupcrte* is with you 
at Nantes, so that you can iudge wliat is like to 
become of your busiuesse better then I, but his 
Highnesse seeines to me to be confident that the 
Marshall will make no question of deliueringe the 
lO"* and the \b^. but it seemes he claymes accounts 
for the rights of his Admiralty at Britany,t upon 
which he thinkes ther is a greate arreare dew to him 
from all those who haue carryed pryzes into Brest : 
And to this pointe you shall do well to instructe your 
selfe as well as may be, and whether his Officers at 
Brest ever demanded any thinge before he made this 
seizure at Nantes, for in truth I know not how to 
answer this ; if he hath the rights of Admirall due to 
him in all the portes of Britany, and none of our 
shipps haue euer payd him any, by virtue of ther 
deere-bought protection at Brest, I do not wonder he 

* The Prince had nearly lost his life a few days before this date, 
as a journal of the period records: " Paris. — We have not much of 
newes here ; but the river Seine had like to have made an end of 
your black Prince Rupert ; for some nights since hee woulde ueedes 
coole himselfe in the river, where he was in danger of drowning, but 
by the help of one of his blackmores escaped. His Highnesse (it 
seems) has learnt some magic amongst the remote islands ; since his 
coming hither he hath cured the Lord Jermin of a feaver, witli a 
channe ; but I am confident England is without the jurisdiction of 
his conjuring faculty." 

t There were also other difficulties respecting the prizes: tlie 
French Court at this period, or at least Mazarin, being so anxious to 
conciliate the favour of Cromwell, that an arrest was even permitted to 
be made upon them. Indeed all the affairs connected with these prizes 
were very badly managed, as Sir Edward Hyde observes in anotlicr 
place, by Sir Edward Herbert, whom he describes as despising all 
men, and looked upon by Prince Rupert as an oracle. See the 
Clarendon Stale Pajtersy vol. iii. p. 177. The shabby conduct of 
Masarin — surpassed even by tliat of Marshal Melleray at Nantes— in 
these matters, may be further seen by reference to Clarendon's 
Hittory, vol. iii. pp. 405-G, where Melleray is alao spoken of with 
justly merited severity. 


takes the best way he can to recouver his dewes, when 
wee fall into his dominions : Ther is not the least 
thought of Ostende in the pointe : My opinion is, 
that you should do the best you can to gett the 10**' 
and 15'*'. and you are to vse his Ma*'^" name to no 
other purpose, and then lett the rest petition the 
Prince (since his Ma*'' hath referred the matter to 
him), to mediate for fauour to the Marshall, for it is 
plaj^ne he will haue somewhat out of it, if not the 
whole : God blesse me from your ffrench Governours : 
Concerninge your house I can add nothinge to my 
last : nor will any care be omitted to keepe up the 
seruice. God prseserue you. I am, 

your affectionate hu*"'^ Serv', 

E. H. 

Paris this 2''. of A luj. (1653). 
Sir Ri: Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

Yours of the 31. of the last (which is the last I haue 
receaued from you) gaue me so much ioy, that as soon 
as I receaued it, I thought it my duty to imparte the 
good newes to the Kinge, who upon reading that 
clause, made not the least scruple that Mr. Morrice* 

* From this mention of Mr. Morrice's escape, it would seem as if 
some report now prevailed that a Royalist of that name, who was 
supposed to have been (and in fact was) put to death in 1 649, had 
made his escape, and remained in Ireland. This Morrice had in the 
latter year got possession of Pomfret Castle, and held it some time 
for the King, till it was besieged and taken by Lambert. Mon-ice, 
who was excepted from the terms of surrender, managed to make 
his escape at the time ; but he was afterwards seized and executed 
at Lancaster, as Whitelock tells us. His story, as given by Lord 
Clarendon, is a curious episode of the civil wai*, and sufficiently brief 
to be worth repeating here : 

A young man, in the beginning of the war, had been an officer in the King's 
army, but engaged in the Parliament army with some circumstances not very 
commendable. By his courage and pleasant humour he made himself very 
acceptable, and obtained a commission as Colonel ; but being a free speaker, and 
living licentiously, he was left out in new modelling the army, but not without 


was in safety, of which since wee see no euidence, I 
pray send me worde, how it was possible for you to 
be deceaued, and how the reporte came to you : I told 
you in my last, that it is too manifest, that Innis- 
boffin is deliuered up, so that there is nothinge to be 

complImentK. He had a competent estate in Yorkshire, to wliiclt he went, and 
resided Uiere. As he grow older, he repented of having left tlie King's service, 
and meant to talce an opportunity of returning to it. His humour was so cheer- 
ful aud pleasant, and he mixed so much with men of all parties, that he had 
great weight with all of them. The (iovemor of Pomfret Castle was hia most 
intimate and particular friend, and was so fond of him that he was never easy 
without him ; he was continually at the Castle, and the same bed served 
him. He now concerted with tlie King's party to surprise the Castle, and he so 
artfully managed with the Governor, telling him that there was such a design, 
that he mixed with those concerned, in order to communicate everything to the 
Governor, that he completely lulled tliat gentleman to sleep, and made him inat- 
tentive to notices which he received from other quarters. He also ingratiated 
himself with many of the soldiers, and at length effected his purpose. Cromwell 
was then gone for Scotland, so that they had time to repair the fortifications, and 
collect a good garrison. Cromwell ordered ilains)x>rough to go with a few 
troo|>s to keep them in check ; and whilst he lay at Doncastcr, 10 miles from 
Pomfret, they sent 20 picked men, who hy the most dexterous management 
actually surprized Rainsborough in his bed, and mounted him on a horse ; but 
when he found how few there were who had surprized him, he called to his 
aoldiers, and tlien the captors, finding they could not carry him off, actually killed 
him, and then all made their way back to the Castle. 

At lengtli I^ambert was sent to besiege the Castle ; the garrison made a most 
gallant defence, but finding no hopes of relief, they at length offered to surrender, 
if they might have honourable conditions. Lambert said, they were gallant 
men, and ho would do all he could to preserve them ; but Col. Morrice and five 
more of those who had destroyed Rainsborough, must be given up, and he could 
not save their lives. The garrison said they never would deliver up any of 
their companions, and desired six days, that these six might deliver themselves 
as well as they could, the rest being at liberty to assist them. Lambert gene- 
rously consented. The garrison made several sallies to effect the desired escape, 
in one of which Morrice and another escaped ; in another sally two more got 
away ; and when the six days were expired, and the other two remained in the 
castle, their friends concealed them so effectually, with a stock of provisions for 
a month, that rendering the castle, and assuring Lambert that the six were all 
gone, and he was unable to find them after the most diligeut search, aud had 
dismantled the castle, they at leng^ got off also. 

The subjoined notices are from Whitelocke's MemmnaU : 

April, 1649. Col. Morris, late Governor of Pomfret Castle, and one Comet 
Blackburn, who had a hand in the death of Col. Raiuslxirough, and who 
were excepted persons on the surrender of tlie Castle, were taken at Lancaster 
in disguise.* 

Aug^ 1648. They were arraigned at York before liaron Thorp and Judge 
Puleaton, for levying war against the kingdom. They made a stout defence 
on points of law, all of which were over-niled, were found guilty, and Morrica 
being manacled with irons, complained of a soldier being so treated, but got no 

Itefore the end of the month Morrice was exccnted.J It is not said whether 
Blackburn suffered. 

• P. 382. t !'• 405- X P- •W7. 

1653.] ' AXD SIR RICHARD BROWNE, ' 285 

done with those dispatches, but to keepe them. I 
can add little of newes, only that the Court hath 
new argument of tryumph, upon a late victory of 
some considerable party of the Pr: of Conde ■■'■ wher 
they tooke many prisoners and some officers of emi- 
nent quality : The Dutch yett proceede very slowly, 
as well in order to ther allyance with this Crowne, as 
in any declaracon for our Master, notwithstandinge 
Avhich my hopes are not abated, nor do I thinke a 
peace almost possible to be made betweene the two 
Commonwealths, and all this addresse which is so 
much spoken of, is only a letter from a priuate man, 
without any knowledge of the Pro: of Hollande, 
much lesse of the States Generall, who resent the 
prsesumption. Lett me know, whether Mr. Bennett 
did euer requyre the ffees from you upon any of the 
Commissyons which I deliuered to you, or how he 
comes to prsetende to them : howeuer you shall by 
no meanes take the least notice of this question, nor 
declyne the course you intended, for I am sure I 
neuer intended to receaue penny fro' them, but would 
gladly know how he claymes such ffees. I wish you 
all happynesse, and am. 

Your verv affectionate Serv*, 

E. H. 

Paris this 19. oi Any. 1653. 
Sir Ri: Browne. 

* The conduct of the Condean army at this period was of a most 
discreditable kind, if we are to believe the following statement in a 
letter from Paris of the Bth of August, 1653, in the Faithful Scout. 
*' The Prince of Conde is become very considerable and exceeds the 
K. in number of forces, being 7000 foot and 1000 horse, besides the 
Spanish auxiliary army under the command of Gen. Fuensaldague, 
which makes 1 3,000 horse and foot. His Highness hath sent several 
challenges to Marshall Turein to fight; but he declines ; so that he 
hath given Conde an opportunity to get within eight leagues of Paris, 
plundering all, his Germans ravishing the nuns, and ransacking 
all religious houses, firing subm'bs of towns, and enforcing contri- 
butions from others. He made way so far as to come and dine at 
his own house, where he and his commanders were as merry as so 
many Princes." 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue receaued yours of the 15. of Octo: but 
nether know nor can imagyne * the reason of your 
longe silence, but couceaue it proceedes from some 
such cause as made you wish that it might not be 
interrupted by any provocation from me : and yett 
it was not possible for me to do you any seruice 
without beinge instructed by you in the way, the 
businesse staudinge as it did. I heare nothinge of 
Choquez, and what his undertakinge is I know not. 
I asked the Kinge whether he knew any thing of 
the businesse, and I haue reason to believe that he 
nether hath nor will giue any order in that affaire 
^vithout askinge me how the case standes ; but if you 
give me no cause to move publiquely in it, it is no 
wonder if I say nothinge of it, and if you do write 
upon the argument, you will write so that the letter 
may be reade at Councell, any other advertisements 
you will put in a paper aparte. I hear nothinge of 
the wyne, nor know not any thinge of Nantes, 
when they come away, m ho are ther, or what they 
do ther. 

The Kinge hath spent the last fortnight in the 
country at Chantilly, and returned hither on Wens- 
day last : and proposes to goe backe thither agayne 
tomorrow, and I suppose will spende his tyme ther, 
till the fayre weather be done : I can tell you little 
of newes, the distractions I thinke are so high in 
Englande, that ther must be some suddayne altera- 
tion : and I depende more on that, then any thinge 
that can happen abroade, wher ther is little care of 

* Though Hyde was too sanguine in the hopes expressed in this 
letter, yet the plain good sense it shows, and indeed his general con- 
duct in exile, where we have neither to mark the listless apathy 
which deadens enterprise, nor the hasty enthusiasm which mars it, 
.admirably justify tliat place in Charles's councils which his talents 
and services continued to secure to him, notwithstanding many 
counter intrigues. 


honour, or any thinge but ther owne present conveni- 
ences. It may be, all the pause in your busi- 
nesse is in contemplation of the greate pryze, and 
I would not interrupt that, by any meddlinge in a 
matter so particular and inferior as the other ; but 
if that were at an end, or I knew what were like to 
come of it, I would be very importunate to knowe 
what the grounde of the proceedinge is. If ther be 
no reason to the contrary, I shall be gladd to heare 
from you, and as particularly as you please ; but if 
you thinke it in any consideration inconvenient, I 
referr it wholly to you, and am very heartily. 

Your very affectionate hu'''* Serv', 

E: H. 

Paris this 26: of Oct: (1653), 
S' Ri. Browne. 

Sir Richard Browne to the Chancellor of the 

Right Hon^'", 
With humble acknowledgments of your last favour 
of 26. Octob' I can now give your Hon"" this brief 
account of my businesse here on which I haue soe 
longe and with much charge and trouble attended. 
Captain Anthonio hath without any consent of mine, 
nor doe I know with what power from the rest of 
the witnesses, payed the Mar* fifteen thousand livres, 
and by this means obtained mainlevee [removal of 
the arrest] of all the goods arrested, and consequently 
gotten them all into his hands,* By H. H. Prince 
Rupert's order I haue now commenced a sute in law 
for recoverie of the fifteenths, and the Duke of Yorkes 
interest (both which the Mar' allways intended to 
restore without diminution) and his highnesse doth 
soe nobly support and countenance me therin, that I 
hope eyther by decree of justice, or by the Captains 
volontary rendition, to have a speedy end, & therby 
be soon able to remit to Paris that money his Ma*'' 
hath ordered towards satisfaction of my Landlord 


I haue (togetlier with money for tlie charges of 
the carriage) committed to ISIr. Killigrews care, a 
butt of Canary wine divided into tliree barrells. 
The one whcrotf I humbly present to liis Ma''', the 
other to his R. H. and the third to the Lords at 

Soe praysinge God for liis Ma"" happy recovery of 
health, and dayly prayinge for the same. 

Nantes first No^ 1653. 
Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue yesterday receaued yours of the 1. and the 4. 
of this month together, & this day gave the Bill of 
Exchange to Mr. Deane, who will be very glad that 
he is provyded to comply with some parte of your 
landlordes importunity, and we shall all have the 
more ease by it. I heare the Canary wyne is come 
to Paris, but no men' con of the delivery of it, being 
conccaved to be M"" Killigrews owne wyne, so that I 
expecte a very small share of it, but have acquainted 
his Ma'^ and my LL''* with that parte of your letter, 
and my L** Chamberlyne will enquyre after it : You 
cannot imagyne I can misinterprett any acte of 
yours, which I know can not Avant kindness to me ; 
your silence was very fitt, and I guessed so much at 
the reason of it, that I complycd with it, and yet (as 
you say) all is little enough, and iealous natures will 
alwayes finde somewhat to worke upon, to disquyett 
themselves and others, and I know no cure to apply 
to those, who are not pleased with fayrc and open 

* The politic attention of Sir Richard in this instance shows how 
fit he was for a courtier, even upon the smallest scale ; though his 
worldly prudence in trusting Killigrew with the wine may be open to 
some doubt. It will be observed in the next letter, that suspicions 
of Killigrew, by no means surprising, appear to have occurred to 
Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

f It has already been hinted that Sir Richard Browne had many 


I liope you liaue not suffered your selfe to be too 
much a loser by Capt: Anthonio, with whom you 
know how to deale well enough : at least if he 
intends to haue any more to do with us : I hope 
ther is care taken to giue Geo: Carterett satisfaction, 
who over apprehends discourtesy from hence, and 
that he was putt out of the Kinges protection, when 
God knowes the Kinge resolved to do all he could for 
him and the other adventurers, as soon as the case 
should be so stated that he knew what to presse, but 
it seemes all is now composed, and it is a notable 
ffyne you have payd to the Marshall, if the commo- 
dityes were not of a huge value : God preserve me 
from such governours. — Wee are yett in the country, 
which the Kinge is better pleased with then with 
Paris, and truly he hath recovered his health most 
miraculously : But if the weather changes, as it is 
like to doe, I suppose we shall looke backe to Paris : 
and then any good newes will carry us away. I wish 
you all happynesse, and am very heartily. 

Your most affectionate hu^^'' Serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

Chantilly this 10: oi Novenib: (1653.) 

Sir Richard Bi'owne to the Chancellor of the 


Right Hon*''% 
I have here received your Hon" of the 10"* Nov. for 
which I sende humble thankes, as bringinge with it 
the assurance of my standinge upright in your 
opinion : your friendship being one of the greatest 
consolations I have in the midst of all my sufferinges. 
I humbly submitt the adjoyned for your manage- 
ment : yf you approve not theroff, and had rather 

enemies at the exiled Court. Hyde had many also : and no doubt 
all this caution in the correspondence of the two friends was for the 
purpose of guarding against the Court sycophants opposed to them. 
See Hyde's preceding letter of the 26th October. 



convert the sumin mentioned to your own use, order 
it how you please and to whom you would have the 
bill made : perhaps you may think Mr. Edgraan a 
fitt person to be trusted with the secret, that soe 
little notice may be taken. The three barrells of 
Sacke are yett here ; in company ynth them goes a 
fourth vnder Sir Grervais Lucas * his name, which is 
a present I make to y' Hon' wherewith to rejoyce 
yourselfe and friends : Only I intreat you that the 
good Lady Lucas may have her physicall proportion 

out of it warmed keepes her alive as shee 

herselfe sayth. That you will not give Dr. Earles 
half a dozen of bottles I cannot doubt. The person 
I last mentioned in cipher will tell you notable 
stories when he comes to you. To him I refer all. 
You may beleeve him, for hee is much a man of 
honour. Being ready to goe from hence I expect 
to find your answer hereto in Mr. Richards his 
hands at St. Malo's. This is all at present from, 
y' hon" most faithfull and most obliged 

humble servant, 

R. Br. 

The following is the Paper adjoined : 
I have formerly acquainted you that I cannot 
make up my accounts untill I retume to Brest, 
which I am now hastening: In the interim, finding 
that some monyes of his Ma**" will remaine with me, 
I humbly submitt it to your Hon" consideration 
whether a hundred Lewises in gold will not be 
acceptable to his Ma'^ to be by your Hon' privately 
delivered into his owne Royall hands, towards his 
merry playing,t wherwith to passe his time at cards 

* The whole of this is oonfirmation of the remark made in the 
foregoiug uote. Sir Gervais Lucas bad been a ouvairy officer in the 
Royal cause during tbe Civil Wars. 

t See p<Mt, p. 295. Of Lord Jermyn's conduct generally as 
cashier for the Royal expenses, Clarendon roundly asserts in his 
Hittory that while Jermyn kept a coach of his own, and an excellent 
table for those who courted him, yet the King, even when under 
the most urgent want of twenty pistoles, could not find credit to 
borrow tliem. 


this approaching Christmasse. This I shall be able 
to performe from St. Maloes, if I may there meet 
with encouragement. This is all at present from, 
y' Hon" 

most faithfuU and most 
obliged humble servant, 

E. Br: 
Nantes 18. Nov^. 1653. 
Mr. Chan: of the Excheq"^. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne, 

I haue reoeaued yours of the 18. and since you are 
so well provyded, I cannot but commende your 
designe, and as I believe the Kinge does not expecte 
such a present, so I am sure it will be most wellcome 
to him, and I will promise you to present it to him, 
in so secrett a manner, as nobody shall know it but 
himselfe ; and be confident I will never converte one 
penny that belonges to him, to my owne use, in what 
straights soever I should be. 

I like very well your distribution of the sacke, and 
I will not bragge of my share, nor fayle of delivering 
the proportion you assigne, and if the good lady 
comes hither, (as by yours I guesse she intendes to 
do, though Paris at present is a place of prodigious 
exspense, every thinge double the pryse of what 
it was when you left it) the vessell shall stay with 
her ; and I there shall be sure of iustice, and I will 
fetch my allowance in bottles : Lett me only giue 
you this warninge, that the carriage be payd for, as 
I thinke you told me in your former that it was, and 
I am sure I cannot do it, and then, the sooner it 
comes the better.* Wee are full of exspectac'on of 
good newes from all quarters, and I hope some of it 
will be of such a nature that will call us from hence, 

* The whole of this letter is a curious illustration of the distresses 
of a man wlio was afterwards Lord Chancellor of England, and father- 
in-law to a King. 



wliicli I will be sure to gi«e yoti an accoimte of as 
soone as I cau : I wish you all happynesse, and am 
very heartily, 

Your most affectionate liu''''' Serv*, 

Edw: Hyde. 

Paris this 24 of Novemb: (1653.) 
S' Ri: Browue. 

Sir Richard Browne to the Chancellor of the 

Right hon. 
Mous' de Varennes, Intendant of Marqu. dc 
Castlenau's affairs at Brest, havinge beene from that 
towne deputed to the States of Bretany, Mars' de 
Milleray did there declare unto liim that he pre- 
tended nott to abate any part of what belonged unto 
him in the loading of the fleete which hee had seased, 
and for ma'inlevee wheroflf hee had receaved 15000 
livres. "Wheruppon this gentleman came hither to 
demand his right, & after a weekes digladiation at 
law with Captain Antonio, the Captain yeelded up 
the cudgells and gave him satisfaction. My desire 
to see the issue of this suite in law causeing my stay 
here longer then I intended, hath brought me hither 
your Honours favour of 15 Nov. which containinge 
an intimation of something of complaint against (as 
they call it) the King of En glands Admiralty at 
Brest, I considered myselfe whether it will be fitt 
for mee to goe now into Low Bretany before I 
haue once again shewed myself to the Mar and 
received his commands (who they say will bee here 
shortly) least he againe come uppon us with a 
second costly after-reckoninge, grounded uppon 
pretence of not beinge suflBciently apphed unto, or 
of being neglected in his government ; at least not 
untill I have your Hon" sence heruppon, which I 
humbly beseech you to vouchsafe me, sending y' 
letters as you please, eyther directly hither, or by 
the way of M' Richards, thorough whose hands I 
expect answers of my last of IS"* currant. 


I render humble thankes to your Hon"" for the 
sanguine part of your letter, resultinge out of the 
good newes from Germany and England. God of 
his mercy improve these comforts to us; and pre- 
serue his Ma''''' sacred person, and vouchsaef him a 
speedy establishment uppon the throne of his Royal 
progenitors. Soe prayes dayly and heartily, 

y' Hon", &c. 
Nantes 29 AV 1653. 

The same to the same, accompanying the preceding 
Right Hon"'' 
I am told that the Prince [Rupert] hath now 
totally settled his businesse with the merchant, and. 
stayes only to see performance. Meane time S' 
Gervais Lucas hopes to be goinge with his lady some 
time the next weeke for Paris, and takes along 
with him that commodity for your Hon' w'''' I thought 
would have accompanied the other 3 Avhich are 
now upon their way. Mr. de Varennes carries a 
letter recommendatory from mee to y' Hon'. Yf hee 
uppon his maisters the Marqu. de Castlenau^s recom- 
mendation hath thus enjoyed the benefit of favour 
and protection in his part, how much more might 
wee (had not an unhandsome eclipse happened) his 
Ma"*' subjects and servants uppon our Royal Maisters 
gracious owning of us? beleeve me the Captain doth 
now sufficiently repent his unprofitable, unadvised, 
nay precipitate performance of Mons' Choquere his 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Broivne. 

I haue receaued both yours of the 29. of the last, 
& cannot imagyne, how any thinge I sayd to you in 
iny former letter could make you deferr your iourney, 
nor can I add any thinge to what I then sayd, havinge 


not heard since of the complayntes, and you must 
indeed know the temper of those places much better 
than I can doe : I perceave by what you say of Mons' 
Varrenues that wee are nothing beholdinge to the 
Marshall, who it may be without our frends helpe 
would not have beene able to have done us so much 
prejudice. Lett me know when you goe from thence, 
and wher my letters may finde you. The Capt. doth 
well to quitt his old frends, and betake himselfe to 
new who know better how to use him. Wee heare 
not yett of Pr: Rupertes comminge hither, but mee- 
thinkes he hath bene longe absent. Hath S' Ge: 
Lucas absolutely quitt his flfarme in Britany, or doth 
he only repayre hither for health. Meethinkes the 
coraodity you mencon should not be worth the charge 
of so longe a voyage by lande. The Duke of Yorke is 
returned hither, full of reputac'on & honour,* and the 
ffrench Courte is expected on Sunday or Munday. I 
can tell you little newes : our frends in Hollande do 
not believe the treaty will produce a peace, and for 
an instance that the States do not so much depende 
upon it, they have given a licence this last weeke 
to ... . Ge: Middleton,t to transporte armes and 
aramunicon for Scotlande, which is a good signe : I 
suppose you heare frequently from Englande, where 
sure the confusion is very high, and it is exspected 
that they will declare Crurawell Protector of the 3 
kingedomes, that his single influence may compose 
those distractions, which the multitude cannot doe, 
for Mr. Peters himselfe now professes that Monarchy 
is the best government. God send us well under it. 
I am. 

Your most affectionate Serv', 

E. H. 

Paws this 6. of Decemb: (1653.) 

* The Duke had been serving under Turenne, and had jnst before 
the date of this letter distinguished himself at the siege of Mousson. 
Being disappointed in his wislies to be present at the siege of St. 
Meneboud, he had repaired to his brother's Court, in order to accom- 
pany him during part of his route from France to Germany. 

t MiddletoQ bore the rank of lieutenant-general, and was very 


Sir Richard Browne to Sir Edward Hyde. 

Right Hon"% 
This being onely to give course to a bill of ex- 
change for one hundred Lewis's of gold in specie 
payable at sight unto Mr. William Edgman, which 
I haue desii'ed ]Mr. Richards to inclose herin at 
St. Malos. 

: Nantes 10 Bee. 1653. 

77ie Same to the Same. 

Nantes 20 Dec. 1653. 

Right Hon'''^ 
My last unto your Hon' were of 10. Dec. with an 
inclosed bill, which Mr. Richards assures me will be 
punctually payed this very day (20 Dec.') at Paris. 
My desire now is (in case you approve theroff and 
will at my humble request vouchsafe to accept this 
poore tender of my seruice) to transmitt to your Hon' 
a supply of money for your owne occasions in that 
now extraordinary deare place, which I am the more 
apt to beleive in regard that the price of all thinges 
here raysed a third since my cumrainge into this pro- 
vince. I doe nott dessigne lesse than a thousand 
livres, and am very sorry I cannot perforrae it untill 
I draw a somme from Brest, in which I find great 
difficulty at present, noe man being willinge to meddle 
with money, in regard of the approachinge fall at the 
end of this month. By this abatment in the species 
T am like to sustaine not an inconsiderable losse, for 
I heare they have this good while payed the Kings 
dues at Brest according to the rate the money went 
many monthes since, when the commoditis were 
sold {viz.) Lewises of gold at 12 livres and of silver 
at 3/. 9*. And I am told the Duke of Yorkes re- 
ceivers can gett noe better quarter. I know not why 

active in Scottish affairs, as Charles's agent with the Highlander 
and other RoyaUst adherents in that country. 


I should nott make the just reparation of this losse 
as an article in my account, as well as the Treasurer 
of the States of Bretany, who hath on this consider- 
ation lately had seven thousand crownes indemni- 
fication adjudged him hy Act of the States. By way 
of S* Malos your Hon" next commands will find 
mee, and you may well imagine your presence, tho 
not possible, will be most heartily wished, and your 
health noe lesse cordially celebrated. 

I am now to acknowledge your Hon" favour of 
the 24. Nov. & G Dec'. The three first vessells of 
sacke ai*e doubtlesse long since arrived by water at 
Orleans, there expectinge Mr. Killigrew's order, who 
is desirous to present them himselfe. I have allready 
furnished him with some money towards the charges, 
and have taken care to defray at Paris the whole 
port of them and of the d'"* which went hence in boate 
the beginninge of this weeke with noble Sir G. L. 
[Gerv. Lucas] and his lady, Avho have quite aban- 
doned this province, the Ladies intention being to goe 
'ere longe into the greater Bretany. I desire your 
Hon' to give credit to him in many thinges with 
which hee will acquaint you, for hee is much a man 
of honour and integrity. Hee will tell you to what 
degree wee have (as you well call it) had our freinds 
healp and furtherance in the payment of the 15 
thousand livres fine, &c. I did not till uery lately 
know that my Lord Percy now Lord Chamberlin 
was come to the Kinge, and I am likewise told that 
he is much in your intimacy, of which, if true, I am 
uery glad, for hee hath beene my noble freind of a 
date little lesse than 30 yeares old. I pray if your 
Hon' thinke it fitt be pleased to present my humble 
seruice and congratulations to his L'pp. 

Prince Rupert hath now quite finished his busi- 
nesse with the marchant that lost the sugar prize, 
and speakes of goinge hence for Paris within few 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I have your* of the 20. as I had before your 
former with the bill, which was punctually payd,* 
and delivered to the Kinge, for which you shall have 
his acquittance, and I must tell you, it came very 
seasonably to him, and most acceptably, of which 
you shall heare more hereafter, ffor your new noble 
offer, I am not in a condic'on so plentifuU to refuse, 
for I must tell you that I have not had a Lewes of 
my owne these 6 moneths ; therfore when you send 
the bill, lett me know whether you lend me so much 
out of your owne little stocke, or whether it be the 
Kings money, for in that case, his Ma''' shall be the 
disposer, — since my oflfice hath never yett uor shall 
intitle me to take his mony without his derection.f 
Ther is no question any fall of moneyes is a just 

* See ante, p. 290. Paper adjoined to Sir Richard Browne's 

+ The charges to which Hyde alludes in this letter were those 
brought against him by intriguers of the Queen-mother's party, 
who were unwilling that he should execute the office which 
Lord Jermyn had formerly discharged, the disposal of the King's 
private funds. Mr. Long, the Ex-Secretary, was therefore brought 
forward to concoct this story of the conference with Cromwell on 
the evidence of one Massonet, or rather on his second-hand hearsay 
evidence from a maid-servant in London, who assured him that she 
had seen Sir Edward go into Cromwell's chamber at Whitehall. 
Charles of course had the sense to laugh at it, being himself in fact a 
competent witness to prove an alibi. See Clarendon's History, 
vol. iii. p. 402. When Charles the First appointed a Council for the 
Prince of Wales in 1644, Mr. Long was their Secretary ; but after 
this was suspected of holding a coi-respondence with the Earl of 
Essex, on which he went into France, and made great complaint to 
the Queen-Mother, who always strongly supported his interests. 
After the death of Charles the First he became Secretary to the 
young King in his exile, was created a Baronet shortly after the 
Restoration, was Auditor of the Exchequer, and a Privy Councillor. 
Suspicion attached to him of having been secretly a Roman Catholic, 
and this is partly borne out by a legacy in his will. See Manning and 
Bray's History of Surrey,\vo\. ii. p. 606. j 


grounde for demaunde of allowaunce upon accounte. 
If you are at Ducy, wish me with you, as I do 
heartily. I write to the Governour the way he 
derected, and must be informed when he returnes 
to his dominion. 

I hope you thinke it strange to heare that I have 
bene in Englande, and have had private conference 
with Crumwell, and [that you] are not sorry that 
my enimyes can frame no wiser calumny against me : 
Pr: Rupert is not yet arryued, nor is ther any newes 
of the sacke : I shall be gladd to see S' Ge: and his 
lady heare. Though my L** Chamberlyne * and I 
lyue ciuilly togither, and I can menc'on you to him, 
yet it is fitt you write a congratulatory letter to him, 
which if you thinke fitt, I will deliver. God send 
you a merry Christmasse. I am, 


your most aflfectionate hu'*'" serv', 

Edw: Hyde. 
Paris this 27 of Decemb. (1653.) 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

Yours of the 30. of January came not to my hands 
till within these 2 dayes ; and you haue before 
this tyme I conceaue receaued some of myne since 
that date, which have informed you how much wee 
have bene all deceaued in the imaginac'on of the 
breach of the treaty betweene the Dutch and the 
Rebells. It is now looked upon as concluded in 
a peace, and though the other Prouinces are not 
yett reconciled to the condic*'ons, wee have very fainte 
hopes, that ther opposic'ons will be able longe to 
deferr what the Province of Hollande so importu- 

• This was Lord Percy, to whom the office had been granted in 
lieu of that of Master of the Horse, to wliich he had some claim, but 
which had been reserved by the King for Prince Rupert, who after- 
wards very ungraciously threw it up. The whole affair, as related in 
Lord Clarendon's Hittory, vol. iii. p. 411, is illustrative of many of 
these letters. 


nately and vehemently pursues: and I do belieue 
that this Crowne will labour all they can (and I 
thinke with successe) to gett it selfe into the 
allyance,* for the facilitatinge wherof I suppose 
they wish our Master gone from hence, and wee 
shall gratify them in it, the Kinge resoluinge to 
goe as soone as he can gett away : you shall do 
well to hasten all accounts with your Capt* as soone 
as may be, least they grow lesse respectfull of the 
Kings authority, and what they owe to him, when 
they finde that they are like to finde little protec- 
tion heare. I am in greate payne, therfore you 
must excuse me, that I say no more, but that I am, 

your very aflfectionate hu^^* Serv*, 

E. H. 

Par: this 1". oi Feh. 1654. 

Sir Richard Browne to the Chancellor of the 

Right Hon''^ 
Captain W" Arundell the bearer hearoff being 
dispatched f by Col' O'Sulleuan Beirue to giue 
his Ma*' a particular account of his proceedinges 
hitherto, and to receiue our royall and gracious 
Maister's farther directions and orders for the 
future, in case he may be soe happy as (in the 
present conjuncture) to be found any way vsefull & 

* So certain were the pohticians of that time of a treaty between 
the French King and the Protector, that in a letter from Paris, of 
the 20th January, in one of the public Intelligencers, it was expressly 
stated, " Here is much talk, as if the Peace were concluded between 
France and England." It did not take place so rapidly, however j 
for, notwithstanding Mazarin's overtures to Cromwell, the Protector 
showed no extrsiordinary eagerness to meet them. In writing to 
Cromwell, about this time, Mazarin concluded with, "Votre tres 
humble serviteur," which obtained nothing more from Oliver than 
" Your affectionate friend to do you service." 

+ There are no historical records of the specific events in Irish 
affairs to which this letter alludes ; the letter therefore itself sup- 
plies matter for history. 


serviceable to his owne Souueraigne, in whose just 
quarrell he much rather chuseth accordinge to duty 
and alleageance to loose his life as he hath allready 
donne his estate and fortune, than to drawe his sword 
in the service of any forraigne Potentate : I am 
desired to giue your Hon' this summary account of 
what hath becne here transacted since his arriuall 
in these partes some few weekes since, with divers 
persons of quality, leading men of the severall 
cheife provinces of Irland,* about 30 barrills of 
powder and some other armes; for transportation 
of which M'hole equipage into the south-west part 
of Munster, O'Sullevans countrj^ there to make 
an impression, M' Holder and myselfe had here 
prevailed with M' Grifl&n, Captain Srayth,t and 
Captain Dillon, (whose readinesse to serue his 
Ma''' on this occasion hath beene very laudable, and 
ought soe to be represented unto his !Ma*'' as nott 
unworthy of his particular taking notice thereofi") 
who in their three fregats had undertaken to passe 
them ouer & hy Gods goodnesse to haue giuen a 
happy beginning to this generous and loyall enter- 
prize : oftering further iu case they could at ther 
landinge gett possession of any fortifiable place, 
fitt and considerable, to furnish them with 2 or 3 
peeces of canon out of each vessel : and to afford 
them what other assistance might lye in their 
power. But just as they were ready to sett sayle, 
comes the certain advice that Mortagh O' Brian (to 
whom O'SuUevan chiefly intended to joyne himself, 
and whose party was it secmes the priucipall 
foundation of his hopes) had layd downe armes; 
by which unexpected newes, this soe probable 
dessigne auertinge for the present, O'Sullevan hath 

♦ A Mercurius PolUicus of the 220(1 February gives expression to 
the hopes and fears that agitated the opposite parties at this time : 
" The Irish are much troubled to hear of the dissolution of the late 
Parliament, in whom they had great hopes, but, blessed be God ! 
their hopes are prevented." 

f How very trifling this naval force was, may be surmised from 
the fact that Capt. Smith's vessel only mounted eight guns ; whilst 
another, comnuuided by^Meldrum, carried two. 


neuer the lesse thought fitt to aduenture a kinds- 
man of his owne name, an experienced soldier, with 
some few others, and some powder, to goe in 
Captain Dillon^s fregat, tanquam eocplorator, at whose 
returne hee hopes within 2. or 3. weekes to he able 
to giue a full account of the state of affaires in that 
kingdome, and what likelyhood there may hee of 
attemptinge any thinge there for his Ma*'" service 
and aduantage, which failinge, this noble person 
and his company are ready to transport themselves 
into Schottland, or what other part of his Ma"" 
dominions may be thought expedient. 

BuEST ZQ Aprill 1654. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

The last weeke I receaued yours of the 23. of the 
last moneth, & by this post your other of the 1 of 
this moneth, to both which I shall neede reply no 
more, then to assure you that what I wrote to you was 
not out of the least unkinde purpose towards you, or 
doubte of your punctuallity in accounte, or opinion 
that you had receaued so much as people give out 
(yett, as you say the Duke of Yorkes officers can 
make a shrew computac'on, and are not very nice of 
publishing what they conceave may aduance his Ma*^' 
service) : but I was willinge to be ready to answer 
any questions the Kinge himselfe might be induced 
to aske ; and the truth is his necessityes are so 
greate, and so hke to encrease, that all waj-es must 
be thought on to draw supply to him, and therfore 
make what you can ready, and I had rather you 
should prevent him by sendinge Bills before he 
expectes them, then that I should be required to 

* Between this and tlie preceding letter there is an interval of twelve 
months ; during which time the King and his friends, having left Paris 
in June, 1654, had been resident in Flanders and Germany. The 
reader will find a curious anecdote relating to these changes in their place 
of exile in Clarendon's History, vol. iii. p. 413, and another at p. 422. 


call upon you : if you procure Bills upon any honest 
able niarchant at Antwerpe, payable to Patrick 
Garlande,* or his order, and send them to me, I can 
easily draw it from thence to Cullen, or to any place 
wher the Kinge will neede it. I can make no other 
conclusyon by the discourses of peace or warr 
betweene Crumwell and that Crowne, but that the 
Cardinall t will do all that is in his power to prevent 
a warr, which very many believe he will not be able 
longe to doe, and the Spanyard is very much abused, 
if he be not sure of a firme coniunctioh with him. 
I double the tyrae of our deliverance is not so neere 
at hande, as was expected. God will send it at last : 
you may be very confident that I will never cease to be. 

Your very affectionate Serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

Bb: 22: Aj^-. (1655). 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue receaued yours of the 10. of the last moneth, 
and shewed it to the Kinge, who hath sent derection 
to S' Geo. Ratcliffe J to returne the 2000". to him 

* Sir Patrick Garland, who was long in confidence with Sir Edward 

f Mazarin personally admired Cromwell, and was therefore the 
more likely to be averse to a war between France and England. 

J RatcIifTe, instead of Lord Byron, had once been thought of by 
Charles tlie First as Governor to the Duke of York in his infancy. 
He was a Privy Counsellor, and lived at Oxford during the siege, 
before which the Queen had desired him either to bring the Duke to 
her at Paris, or carry him to Ireland ; but this Ratcliffe refused, on 
the plea that he dared not to convey any of Uie King's sons out of the 
kingdom without an express order from the King. In the " Life of 
James the Second," evidently written with authority from that 
Prince, speaking of this affair it is remarked, "which nicety, or I 
may rather call it indiscretion of his, might have cost his Highness 
dear, as being the occasion of his being put into the Rebells' hands." 
When the Duke of York was taken prisoner at Oxford by the 
Parliamentary army, Fairfax ordered Ratcliffe to continue with him, 
until the pleasure of the Parliament should be known ; and bs was 


as soone as he receaues it, and I assure you it will 
come very seasonably hither, wher ther is as much 
pouerty as you haue knowne at Paris. I doubte Mr. 
Crumwell hath putt a periodd to your receipts, but 
it is not impossible that Dunkirke* and Ostende 
muy prooue as hospitable to our shippinge as Brest 
hath bene, for they say, upon closinge with ffrance, 
the Rebells will have a briske warr with the Span- 
yard, and looke euery day to heare that they are 
possessed of some considerable place in the Indyes, 
which is at last believed at Bruxells; wher they 
finde how they haue beene fooled. I am newly 
returned hither, hauinge beene kept in my way 
hither at the Hague by a greate sicknesse, for above 
a moneth, but God be thanked I am now well 
recovered, beyonde the hope of many of my frends, 
and contrary to the wishes of those who are not so : 
I hope I may live to see better dayes : I haue not 
heard from George Carterett these very many 
monthes, though I am sure he hath many letters of 
mj'ue upon his handes, so that you may tell him, I 
thinke he despayres, and hath given me oner : God 
send us a good meetinge, wher you shall receaue all 
seruice from 

Your most affectionate hu"' Serv*, 

ED\^^ Hyde. 

Coll: this 8 of June (1655). 
S' Ri: Browne. 

only discharged from his attendance on the Earl of Northumberland 
being appointed Parliamentary Governor to the Duke. In conse- 
quence of this early acquaintance, Ratcliffe retained much influence 
over James, to the great dislike of the Queen, and also in opposition 
to Lord Byron. He was at Jersey with Charles, and afterwards 
joined him in Flanders. He was also vei-y active in caring for the 
Duke's interests, when it was reported that the King was dead in 
Scotland, three years before this period. See Clarendon's I/!fe 
p. 124. 

* Many prizes had already been earned into Dunkirk by the Jersey 
privateers; and in 1650 the Duke of York had been supported solely 
by the tenths which the captors paid him. See further a letter on 
this subject to the Spanish minister, in the Clarendon State Papat, 
vol. iii. p. 276. * 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

Though it be now many moneths since I heard 
from you, I had not at this tyme troubled you, if by 
letters which I receaved the last wceke, 1 had not 
cause to believe that one which I writt above a 
moneth since to you, is miscarryed : 1 then told you 
how seasonable your 200 pistolls would come to the 
Kinge, who hath bene and is still in straight enough, 
since which tyme it is receaued, but not till within 
these 3 dayes, it being returned very unskilfully to 
be payd at Amsterdam upon double usance. 

I told you likewise in that, that his Ma''' would 
haue you giue a deputac'on to Mons' Marees* to 
collecte and receaue the dutyes dew to him in 2 or 
3 of the lesser and more obscure portes in Britanny, 
untill he should haue receaued the summ of 200 
pistolls which are owinge to him, and he was well 
content to receave them this way : I thought it more 
proper that the deputac'on should be given by you, 
then an immediate grante of it from his Ma''' to him, 
therfore I pray (if my former letter miscarryed) lett 
him know that you haue receaued such derections, 
and lett him have a proper instrument accordingly. 
I doubte it will be very longe before he will out of 
those portes receaue that summ, but the request is 
the more modest, and could not well be denyed, his 
Ma''' lookinge upon the man as one who hath done 
him many services. You can exspecte little uewes 
from us, who have only courage enough to looke for 
better tyme ; the apprehensions the whole Empyre 
hath that it shall not longe inioy ther peace, and 
the terrour the Kinge of Sweadef gives them by 
his inroadc into Polande, wher he carryes all before 
him, proove of no small prseiudice to our master, 

• ride p. 308. 
f GusUvus, the saccessor of Cliristina, wliose disputes with tlie 
King of Poland were a source of great confusion and disturbance to 

1655.] AND SIR RICHARD BROWNP.. ' 305 

who is tlierby much disappointed of the mony he 
was promised from those Princes, so that the truth 
is wee are no richer then you haue knowen us at 
Paris : yett trust me wee are farr from despayre, and 
do promise our selves with reason enough, that wee 
shall shortly have good frendes, and see a good turne 
in our fortune, especially if the newes with strange 
confidence repeated at present heare be true, of 
Cromwells death : which I doubte is not upon ground 
enough. The Kinge and his sister are in a private 

at ffrankeforte,* from whence wee ex- 

pecte them in 4 or 5 dayes : the Q,u: of Sweden is 
this very minute passinge through the towne, wher 
shee staves not, but lodges this night at Bone, the 
house of the Elector of Cullen [Cologne] . 

If you are very rich, and can lend me 20. or 30. 
pistolls, or such a summ, and returne it to honest 
Church, he will transraitt it to me, and it will come 
very seasonably to supplv. 

Your very affectionate humble serv*, 

Edw: Hyde. 

CoLLEN this 28 otSejat. (1655.) 
S' Hi. Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I write now to you rather to lett you know that 
yours of the 16. of the last moneth is come to my 
hands, then to returne a full answer to it, which I 
cannot do till the next, and then I shall not fayle to 
do it, except by our intelligence out of ffrance I 

* This journey to Frankfort has been already noticed. It excited 
some attention both in England and upon the Continent : for, in one 
of the papers of the day, a letter from Paris observes, after alluding 
to the newly-signed treaty with Cromwell, " In the mean time, it 
seems, the Princess Royall of Orange is expected here in January, 
she intending to bestow a visit upon the little Queen, her mother, and 
bring her all news from Frankfort fair ; what further end there may 
be in the voyage is not known." 



conclude that it is for the present to no purpose to 
do it in the way you propose ; as I suppose it will 
not be, if the peace betwcene Cruniwell and ffrance 
be published, which I doubte it is, and then all your 
arraado at Brest will be quickly discharged those 
harbours, and I heartily wish they may gett off fayrely, 
without any preiudice or even violence oftred to them 
to obliege Mr. Crumwell. If this falls out to be the 
case, and that you see ther is no more worke to be 
done ther, you will not be the lesse intent, sollicitous, 
and dextrous, to obliege the seamen to continue ther 
affection to his Ma'''* serWce, and to continue ther 
commissyons, since ther is no greate doubte wee 
shall prepare a better recepcon for them at Dunkirke 
and Ostende, then they have found at Brest,* and 
your owne particular will not be neglected : I hope to 
be speedily able to say more to you upon this subiecte, 
and to tell you that wee shall not be longc confined to 
Cullen, and I pray dispatch such advises to me as 
soone as may be, as may be necessary to be consi- 
dered in that traffique wee are like to have with 
seamen, how wee may give them encouragements 
enough and yett retayne a competency for our blasters 

I haue not time to add more, having very much to 
doe, upon those greate alterac'ons which fall out, which 
truly I beheve will carry us all wher wee desyre to 
be :t God send it, and you shall then have cause to 
believe me to be, 

Your most affectionate hu'''* Serv', 

Edw. Hyde. 
Cntt: tliis f) of iVoremJer (1655). 
S' BL Browne. 

* Tlie facts here mentioned are of importance to the naval histo- 
rian, should he desire to illustrate a period of which very little, at 
least with regard to the part of the service which remained attached 
to the King, has yet been recorded. 

t It took five years more to make these hopes and anticipations 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

Since my last to you, which was of the 9. of thie 
moneth, I have receaued yours of the 23. of the last 
moneth, and yesterday another of the 8 8''", which 
it may be ought to be of this moneth : you will not 
wonder that I make no hast in sendinge these dis- 
patches which concerne your Admiralty, which no 
doubte is now at an end by virtue of this peace, so 
that if you parte fayre, and they suffer all the vessells 
to get out of ther portes, it is as much as I looke for : 
and if ther had been any more to be done ther, I 
should not haue moued the Kinge for such a letter to 
the Duke of York as you advise, till wee had knowne 
liis Highn' pleasure, ffor for the Kinge to declare 
that he would abate as much of his fifteenths as the 
Duke would abate of his tenths, before wee know 
that he thinkes fitt to abate any thinge, were to putt 
him upon some disaduantage, and ther wante not 
those who would be gladd upon any occasyon to 
infuse an opinion of the disrespectes of many heare 
towards his Highn". Therfore you should adiust all 
those thinges with his ministers, before any thinge 
be moued to come from hence : But at present all 
that designe is at an end, and wee must consider 
what conclusyons wee are to make to aduance our 
marityme affayres in fflanders, wher I hope wee shall 
finde all encouragement. Whateuer concessyons are 
to be granted, they must be to all alike, and not with 
distinction betweene rich and poore, which will inter- 
rupt all payment of dewes. I writt to you to send 
us any advise that upon your obseruance of those 
people, you thinke necessary to be obserued. 

That which wee are sollicitous for is, to gett into 
fflanders,* which I hope wee shall do shortly, and not 

* The necessity of this step was rendered imperative by tlie second 
article of the new treaty between Cromwell and the French Court 
providing against any aid to the enemies of either ; and also •* that 

X 2 


he without such a henefitt from this warr betweene 
Spayue and Crumwell, that may ijiue our frends new 
courajre. I shall add no more, but that I wish you 
your heartes desyre, and shall alwayes be ready to 
seme you, as, 

Your most aflfectionate hu'''' Serv', 

Edw. Hyde. 

Cull: this 23. of Notiemb: (16S5). 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Broivne. 

The Kinge is so desyrous to pay Mouu' de Marces 
some parte of the debt that is dew to him,* that 
uuderstandinge that ther is dew to his INIa*'' frome a 
frende of his the sayd Mo"" de Marces nine hundred 
livres, and from another twoo hundred livres, both 
which summes are payable to you from them for the 
fifteenths dew to his Ma''' : since the former order 
jnven on his behalfe hath prooued ineffectual! to him, 
his Ma*'" pleasure is that you authorize him to receaue 
the sayd two summes of 900. & 200"' and that you 
appointe the sayd persons to pay the same to him. 
I shall neede to add no more, but that you may see, 
the Kinge both a very good opinion of Mo' de 
Marces, and a sense of some seruice he hath done 
him, otherwise you would not haue rcceaued this 
commando from him, by the hande of, 
Your very affectionate hu'"'" Serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

Coll. this 15. o[ ffebh. 1656. 

neither of the Confederates shall harbor, or pennit their people io 
harbor, uny pirates or ro>jbers" — terms lavishly applied to Charles's 
cruizers. « 

• See anU, p. 304. This extraordinary anxiety on the part of 
Charles to pay a particular debt makes one wish to ascertain its 
cause. Unfortunately there is no means of satisfying so reasonable a 


CuLLEX this 29. oifftbr: (1656), 

I haue yours of the 31. of January which came 
not to my handes till the last weeke, and I forbore 
to answer it till now, supposinge you would not be 
sooner come to Paris, tfor your men of warr, I 
know not what to say, they are so fantasticall and 
humorous, that till wee can exercize such a iuris- 
diction ouer them as to compell them to keepe good 
order, I care not how little we haue to do with them. 
In Spayne I heare they haue sent up an agent to 
Madrid, to oft'er to engage in that Kings seruice, 
and Capt. Martin at Dunkirke hath desyred a coiu- 
missyon from that Admiralty : But I doubt not, 
when the Kinge himselfe shall be in fflanders, which 
I hope will be very speedily, and that by the next 
post I may send you newes to that purpose : those 
IFrygates which are manned with his owne subiects, 
will choose to come into his Ma'^' seruice, & take 
commissyons from him, and for the rest lett them do 
as they see cause : you shall do well to encourage 
Capt: Smith * and Capt: Beart to gett up as many 
seamen English as they can, and to come to 
Dunkirke or Ostende, wher they will be wellcome. 

For your owne condicon, I am very sorry it is no 
better, yett in one respecte 1 did not thinke it so 
good, for I neuer imagined your receipte would have 
inabled you vpon the assignements the Kinge had 
given you to haue discharged all your debts at Paris, 
and thought it would haue prooued well if you were 
inabled to pay those which were most crying and 
importunate, which God knowes the poore Resident 

* Captain Smith was taken prisoner about a year afterwards, as 
related in the weekly journals. " Letters come from Plymouth which 
give an account of a good prize newly taken, and brought in thither 
by the Sapphire frigat. It beai's the name of a Brest man-of-warr, 
new built, of 30 guns. He was met with about the Land's End, and 
had aboard two captains, the one named Meldrura, a famous pirate ;. 
the other named timith, who sailed by virtue of a commission fi-om 
Charles Stuart." 


at Bnixells is not able to doe, but is euery day in 
daunger of an affroute. I am sure you doe not 
belieue I envy you any aduantage you haue reaped : 
I wish it greater with all my heart, and shall alwayes 
contribute towards it with all my creditt ; but trust 
me I am often putt to answers & repl^-es that I know 
not how to go tlirough with, when they who know 
the Duke of Yorke's receipts as Admiral!, confidently 
averr that the Kiug's haue not bene so little as 5000 
pistoUs, and enquyre how much hath bene payd to 
his vse. Therefore as soone as you can, send me 
such an accounte (which neede not be uoluminous) 
as I may vpon occasyon satisfy his Ma*'' in that 
affayre, that I may the more confidently propose 
any thinge on your behalfe, which I shall doe very 
heartily as, 

S', YowT most affectionate serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

Sir Ei Browne. 

Sir Richard Browne to the Chancellor of the 

Eight Hon"' 
I returned hither on Sunday night ; and Munday 
morninge M"" Locker * from M' Crumwel came into 
this towne, and had yesterday eueninge publick 
solemme audience of K. Q. and Card'. Hee hath 
bought a coach and talks of hyreinge a house, and 
though he thus insinuates hiraselfe as Envoye, yett it 
is belieucd hee will Avithin few weekes produce a 
latent Commission, and take vppon him the title of 
Ambass' : Monsieur le Comte de Briene f sayd thus 
much to 6G8 : 192 : 95 ; whom I was faine to visit 
en particulier by reason of some thinges I left in his 
hands. Yf this should cause any alteration in his 

* Lockhart soon became a great favourite with Mazarin. He did 
remain at Paris, and was very active there in ]659. See the 
Clarendon State Papera, vol. iii. p. 547. 

t The French Secretary of State. 


Ma^"' intentions of continuinge a publike Minister 
here (as perhaps much may be sayd pro and con), I 
beseech your Hon'^ to giue me timely notice : that yf 
I remoue, I may dismiss my house and forbeare to 
make a new household : and I pray your Hon' to giue 
mee instructions how to carray myselfe towards 668 : 
192 : 95 : whether I shall uisit him in quality of his 
Ma*"* Minister or not ? The French Court will some 
time the next weeke remove towards the Frontier. 

Pakis 19'* May 165G. 

I haue as yett beene onely once at our Court, 
wher by misfortune I could nott kisse y* hands of 
your faire daughter. 
Mr. Chancellor of the Exchecker. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 


I am gladd to finde by yours of the 19. that you 
are returned to Paris, and cannot write at large to 
you upon what you propose to me in this concerning 
your selfe, and in some former, till wee are returned 
to Bruges, which I conceaue may be by the end of 
the next weeke : nothing being possible to be 
maturely weighed and considered in the moc^on we 
are in. I thinke wee shall be at Bruxells to-morrow 
or Munday, only priuately, to uisitt Don-Juan,* 
nothinge being to be publiquely declared on our 
behalfe till the returne of the Enuoy fiV Spayne, 
but wee haue no cause but to hope very well. 

Ther can be no reason for you to discontinue your 
old frendshipp and neighborwoode with 668 : 193 : 
"95 : who truly I believe wishes us uery well, and can 
do no other then he does : when you see him, 
remember my service to him, and tell him I doubte 

• Don John of Austria ; formerly Viceroy of Catalonia, and recently 
appointed Governor of Flanders. Lord Clarendon, in his History, 
vol. iii. p. 478, mentions some anecdotes respecting him and the Earl 
of Bristol, his belief in astrologj-, &c. 


not but I shall yett lyue to meete him at Whitehall. 
I shall now heare from you euery weeke, and shall 
not neede to put you in minde not to omitt to write 
constantly to ]M' Secretary : * I shall be gladd to 
know how your frends do in Englande, who I doubte 
not continue ther kindnesse to you : If nothinge be 
done by the ffrench Courte to discountenance you, 
you will not putt off your house, till the Kinge 
giues you full order. I pray inforrae your selfe who of 
either Nac'on performe most respects to M' Lockyer. 
I wish you all happinesse, & am ucry heartily, 

Your most affectionate hu'''* Serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

Antwehpe this 26: May (1656). 

The letter which included the examinac'ons of 
the Spy t is not yett arriued heare, so that wee haue 
a very obscure informac'on of that affayre, nor can 
I imagyne what seruice the rogue (whome I know 
well) could do in these partes, to deserve the charge 
he hath beene to them. I heare the Life of Car- 
dinall Richelieu is newly come out, or in the presse, 
I wish you could send it to me. J 

Sir Richard Browne to the Chancellor of the 

Right Hon^S 
I did nott vutill now know of your Hon" bcinge 

• Sir Edward Nicholas. t See poa<, p. 315. 

X The Cardinal seems to have been reckoned a conjuror or prophet 
by some folks at this period. One of the London newspapers called 
the French Intelligencer says, " There hath been lately a prophesie 
found in the Priory of Cardinal Richelieu at Paris, written by his own 
hand, wherein he foretells tlie wofuU calamities of the family of 
Stuarts, descending from the Lyon, that is, King James, for so he was 
called, by reason that he brought the i*ampant Lyon figured upon his 
breast, in the world with him. He likewise predicts three changes of 
Government, and domestic divisions," &c. 

§ Though without signature or address, tliis letter is evidently from 
Sir Richard Browne to Sir Edward Hyde. 


in personall attendance on his Ma'''. This ignorance 
of mine nott onely depriued me the contentment of 
beinge assured that I had soe worthy a friend soe 
neere my Royal Maister, butt also made me guilty 
of an omission of nott sooner giuing notice accord- 
inge to my duty of my returne unto this my former 
station : for which I humbly crave your Hon" pardon. 

The French Court parted hence a weeke since, and 
remaines yett at Compeigne. Yesterday came newes 
that the Marl': de Turene had defeated 4 Regiments 
of horse, and taken a small place : yf true, a good 
beginninge of this Campaigne. 

jM"" Locker, M" Crumwells Envoye, followes the 
Court : before his going hence he declared to a 
person of quality, that he had by him, and would 
ere long produce, a Commission to be Ambassador ; 
nottwithstandinge that I haue publiquely (since my 
returne hither) appeared in the French Court in 
presence both of this K. & Queene, and twice beene 
with the Count of Brienne, yett I find nothinge at 
all of any the least intimation to retire : ^ And the 
other day in conference with my Lord Jermyu, his 
opinion was that this State would permitt me to 
remaine here as long as his Ma*^ thought good : soe 
that I expect to heare what his Ma*'*' pleasure will 
bee, in this particular : forbeareinge in the meane 
time to engage for the continuance of my house, or 
to make a new family : humbly intreating your 
Hon', that yf his Ma''' thinke fitt to continue mee 
here, you will please to move for a settlement of my 
subsistence uppon some good and well assured funds, 
without which I shall soone lapse into a \ery sad 

In the conuersation I have had abroad in my 
trauail, as well as here in Paris since my returne had 
with the French Protestants, I find them generally 
much inuolved in Crumwells interests, he hauinge 

* The temporising policy of the French Court, still unwilling 
openly to concede all that Cromwell demanded, yet fearful to offend 
the Protector by abrupt dismissal of his Envoy, appears in these 


dexterously insinuated into their belief that he will 
maintaine them in the enjoyment of ther preuiledges : 
a more manifest demonstration of their good inclina- 
tions to him may also doubtlcsse bee, their hauiuge 
since Lockers arriuall efiaced the name of Kinge out 
of the inscription of the Seate for the Inglish 
Ambassad" at Charanton, and left only "pour les 
Ambassad" de la Grand Bretaigne." 

Olim tempua erit magno cum (^avcrit emptum 
Intactum Epigraj^ien. 

And in their discourse uppon all occasions, they 
fervently declare their great good wishes of the 
prosperity of the army of the Kinge of Sweden as 
abettinge uppon that hand in order to the ruine 
of Antichrist, vndcr that Kinge and Crumwells 

I humbly beseech your Hon' to direct mee how I 
shall henceforwards addresse my letters unto you 
Soe praying for &c. 

Paris 2«^/«n« 1656. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I had not tyme the last weeke to acknowledge 
yours of the 2'6. (whiche I hope you excuse) and I 
have since receaued your other of the 30. in answer 
to both which I can say no more, then that you 
shall be sure of all the seruice I can do you upon all 
opportunity es, and I hope any improvement of our 
fortune will administer these opportunityes : — you 
shall doe well seasonably and naturally to pursue 
that discourse to Ld. Jermin concerninge your stay 
ther, and draw an advise from him hither for your 

* Of all this private history of political chicane the French Court 
could not have been ignorant. In eome respects it may explain the 
course tliey found it expedient to hold between the cause of Cliarles 
and the demands of Cromwell. Certainly the Protestants had no 
reason to wish well to Charles. 

1656.] AXD SIR RICHAED BROWly'E. 315 

reuocac'on, and then -vree shall know what is next to 
be done. All the papers concerninge Martin wee 
have, and would be gladd to know what is become of 
the fellow, and whether he be yett hanged, and what 
goodly confessyon he made in that season.* — God 
send us once a good turne, w'^^ it may be may not be 
farr off : and then wee shall have more frends and I 
hope lesse neede of them. I perceave your spiritts 
in Paris are not so composed, but that ill accidents 
may cause some disorders amongst you, and those 
people do belieue that your designe before Valen- 
ciennes may be frustrated ; it is a greate stake, and 
these as much concerned to preserve and you to 
possesse it. Wee exspecte howrely newes of some 
action before it : I have beene misinformed if 
Cardinal Richelieu's life be not in the presse. — I 
wish you all happinesse, and am very heartily, 


your most affectionate Serv*, 
E. H. 

Bruges this 7 oi Jviy (1656). 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

Bruges this ]1. oi Au^. (1656.) 

It is uery true, I haue besydes your last of the 4: 

of this moneth, your other of the 21. and 28. of the 

last upon my hands, the subiecte of both which 

beinge such, as I could not discourse upon, before 

my L*^ of BristoUs arriuall,t to whom you referred 

me, I forbore to say any thinge till I could speake 

to the purpose, and he arrived not till Sunday last : 

* See ante, p. 312. 
t The hopes and designs of the Royal partisans, now carrying on a 
rapid intercourse with their friends in England, and seeing happy 
omens for themselves in the distrust manifested by Cromwell in 
regard to his own personal seciuity, account for the tone and manner 
of this letter. Soon after its date Lord Bristol was left as the King's 
Agent at Brussels, whilst the King and his Court went to Bruges, &c. 
See the Clarendon State Papers, voL iii. pp. 308 — 10. 


and you will easily believe that in this little tyme 
M'ee have not bene able to conferr of halfe the matters 
of importance which are necessary for present consul- 
tac'on : yett wee have spoken of your businesse, 
wherein I perceive he is farr from hauinge any 
positive opinion, nor have either of us yett spoken 
with the Kinge of it : Wee haue many thinges under 
debate, which must be praeliminary to any deter- 
minac'on in that pointc, therfore you must haue a 
little patience, and be confident if you are designed 
to continue that imployment, prouisyon must be 
made for your reasonable supporte, and it cannot be 
most [more] secure then upon that pension, but 
whether you are to be continued ther I cannot yett 
tell; shortly wee may. I do not finde that the 
Queene or my L"* Jermin haue writt or sent any 
opinion upon it : I am of your opinion in the matter 
of !Mon' Lyon, nor can I discover the least foote- 
stepps of a treaty betweene the 2 Crownes, nor is 
Madrid a place of that secrecy, but the Venetian 
Ambassadour in that Courte would discover it. I 
pray informe your selfe as particularly as you can 
of Mo' Orleancs, whose visitt in this season is not 
merely upon complement. It is not possible to give 
such an accounte of our affayres lieare, as may 
satisfy the curiosity of our frends, since if what is 
intended be not kept secrett, wee shall have little 
fruites of it : trust me, so farr, as to be confident, 
our condic'on is very hopefull, and I am as confident 
that I shall lyue to see you at Whitehall, and serve 
you ther as, 

your very affectionate hu'''* Serv*, 

Edw: Hyde. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

Hauinge replyed as particulaily as I can in my 
last to what concemes your owne particular, I should 
not at this tyme (when I have very much to do) 

1656.] A^T)_Sm RICHARD BROWNE. 317 

acknowledge yours of the 11. were it not to desyre 
your fauour in transmittinge the inclosed. I receaved 
a letter from Mr. Bourdon, whom I well knew at my 
beinge at S* Sebastians, and I am gladd that ther is 
such a distinction made ther, for he writes me worde, 
that since the Edicte for the turninge out of towne 
all the English, Irish, and Scotts, ther is a seconde 
order, that excepts all those that can make it evident 
that they are good subiectes to his Ma''', and there- 
fore he hath desyred such a certificate, havinge as he 
sayes hitherto preserved himselfe by producinge some 
letters which I writt to him at my beinge at Madrid : 
I have in the inclosed sent him what I conceave may 
do him good, and have derected it as he aduised, to 

We exspecte the Duke of Yorke here very speedily, 
and then wee shall come the sooner to a resolution 
in that pointe which concernes you. I pray lett 
us know more of Don Michel de Castile, and of 
Mr. Locker : I would be gladd you would send me 
(if you have it by you) the life of the Connestable 
De Desguynes, which they say is well written. I 
wish vou all happinesse, and am very heartily, 

your most affectionate hu"* Serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

Bruges this 18: ot Aug: (1656). 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

Bhuges this 25. oi Aug. (1656). 

I have yours of the 18. and as you have greate 
reason in this perplexed and unsteady condic'on wee 
are all in, to desyre to know as soone as may be 
what your owne lott will be, so, you must not 
wonder tliat your frends cannot give you so speedy 

• This transaction seems to have had reference to the expected 
war between Spain and the Eiighsh Commonweahh. 

+ The hopes of the Royal partisans were now reviving rapidly, as 
the whole tenor of this letter makes clear. 


satisfactiun in it, as they -wish ; wee shall shortly I 
hope see the Duke of Yorke heare, and then that 
matter will be most properly and seasonably consulted ; 
besydes, the case is now very diflferent from what it was 
understoodc to be, when you returned to Paris, for 
the Romance of Don Miguell will prove authentique 
History, and it may be Mr. Lockier may retyre with 
lesse glory then he entred, and S' Ri: Browne stay 
ther with more respecte : ther is one thinge no 
doubte you may depend upon, which is, if you arc 
continued ther, some fitt assignac^on will be made for 
your supportc, and if you are called away, no doubte 
your Master will thinke of some other prouisyon and 
imployment for you. Our businesse does not goe so 
ill, but that wee may reasonably hope that wee shall 
all have somewhat to doe. The Declai'ac'on of the 
freedome of the Fortes is now published accordinge 
to our heartes desyre, and many other evidences 
given us, of a full affection from Spayne, and if they 
do not do all for us that wee desyre, it is only because 
they are not able : nor arc they so weake, and unable 
to helpe us, nor Mr. Cru'well at so much case or so 
confident of his new parliam' that wee have reason to 
dispayre of better dayes, or that we may not eate 
cherry es at Deptforde agayne. 

I returned you by the last post an answer to what 
was desyred from S' Sebastians, which I praesume 
you receaved and have sent forwarde. I do belieue 
ther will be occasyon for me the beginninge of the 
next weeke to repayre to Bnixells and Antwerpe, 
and therefore if you please lett your letters be putt 
under couer to S' H. De Vic, or Mr. John Shaw 
at Antwerpe : S' H. De Vic complaynes he knew 
not of your returne to Paris, till some letters from 
you came into his handes to be sent to a 3*. person. 
Corresponding with each other may be useful! to you 
both. I am 

your most affectionate Serv', 

E. H. 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I haue yours of the 8. upon my hands, and this last 
nyght at my comminge I founde your other of the 
23. and how longe I shall stay heare I knew not, my 
businesse dependinge upon the pleasure of others, 
who will mooue faster or slower as they haue a minde 
to it, and the ill newes of the losse of Valenza, and 
the march you haue putt this army to make, by your 
attempt upon la Chappelle,* makes the season lesse 
fitt for those kinde of negotiac'ons, then I belieue 
otherwise it would haue prooved ; howeuer I hope 
sometyme the next weeke to be agayne at Bruges, 
and then after the Kinge hath conferred with the 
Duke of Yorke, I conceaue some resoluc'ons will be 
taken concerninge your owne particular, and it may 
be the Cardinallf will finde wee can be as angry 
as hee, and with more reason : I will enquyre of the 
letter you say was writt to the Jesuite, and I pray 
haue as stricte an eye upon the Knight, and informe 
your selfe of him, as you can: and likewise of the 
moc^ns of the Cardinall de Retz J which is an 
intriegue I do not understande : you must excuse 
me for writinge so impertinently at this tyme, when 
the truth is, I haue so much to doe, that 1 hardly 

* An allusion to the events of the Low Country wars, and the 
campaign in Italy. The Valenza here mentioned is in the Milanese, 
and was taken, at this period, by the Duke of Modena and the 
Duke of Mercceur. 

•j" Mazarin. 

J De Retz had always been extremely active during the contest 
between the King and Princes. He was the bitter enemy of Mazarin, 
and also of Conde', playing a double part, and ruluig the Duke of 
Orleans in all things. De Retz also, before this period, had been 
joined in an accusation brought against Charles, as the mere 
creature of Cardinal Mazarin. We quote the Mercurius Politicus of 
July 1, ]65'2 : "In the mean time the Cardinal, by his creatures, 
the pretended King of Scotland, the Cardinal Retz, Madame 
Chevreuse, Monsieur le Chasteauneuf, and Montagu, have plaied 
their game so well that they have drawn the Duke of Lorrain to 
declare for the Kmg, and to forsake the cause of the Princes." 


gett this tyme to write at all : and I pray lett me 
hcarc from you of any thinge you thinke fitt to im- 
parte, I mean when I am fro' Bruges, for whilst I am 
ther, your letters to the good Secretary will serue us 
both : God send us good newes fro' England, which 
is cxspected bv 

Your very affectionate Serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

Antwerpe tliis 29: &;)<; (165C). 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I had not tyme the last post to acknowledge yours 
of the 29. of the last moneth, and I haue since, by 
your to reasonable guesse of the slownesse of all 
dispatches heare, receaued your other by the last post 
without a date, which was the only one I receaued 
fro' Paris, all my other frends conceauinge as they 
had reason that I would be at Bruges, and therby 
they are all now without any letter fro' me. The 
truth is, my stay heare hath beene beyonde all 
possible exspectac'on, and hath so tyred my patience, 
that though this day be not like to giue so good an 
ende to my businesse as I desyre, yett I resolue (God 
willing) to be gone to morrow towards the Kinge, 
from whom I haue been now aboue a fortnight : 
Wee are willing to belieue that these seasonable 
raynes will dispose both arrayes to enter into ther 
winter quarters, and then wee shall do our businesse 
the better : Ther is a discourse of the Marq: of 

H court goinge this winter into Spayne, 

which meethinkcs yett he should not haue leaue to 
doe : you menc'n your neighbour the Venetian Am- 
bassadour, but you neuer speake of your next neigh- 
bour my old friend the HoU: Ambassadour,* I 
would gladly know what he thinkes of these altera- 
c'ons, and whether his old affections continue to us : 

* Myobeer Borcll, before referred to. 


I haue nothinge to add but hearty wishes of your 
happinesse fro' 

Your most affectionate Serv', 

Edw: Hyde. 

Antwerpe this 13. of Octob: (1656.) 
Sir lU: Browne. 

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. 

I must give you many thanks for your fauour of 
the 25. And the greate ciuillity you expresse to me, 
which I assure you you will finde returned to you, by 
all the seruices I can doe : it is indeede to melan- 
cholique a tyme, to feele any praeferment * with that 
gusto that it hath vsed to carry with it, and I wish 
that considerac'ou would abate somewhat of the 
enuy that will attende it, but wee must submitt to the 
burthen and uneasinesse of the last, without any 
refreshment from the former : I hope the tyme is not 
far of, that God Almighty will give some change to 
the sadd condic'on of our poore Master, and then 
wee his seruants shall haue aboundant matter to 
reioyce in, be our condic^on what it will : myne, trust 
me, will be much the more pleasant to me, if it shall 
giue me any power to lett vou see how heartily I am. 

Your most affectionate Serv*, 

Edw. Hyde. 

Bru: this 5. offfeb: 1658. 
Sir Ri. Browne. 

* An allusion to his own appointment as Lord High Chancellor of 
England, shortly after the Great Seal had been surrendered by Lord 
Keeper Sir Edward Herbert. Curious anecdotes respecting its 
surrender may be found in Clarendon's History, vol. iii. pp. 411, 
412. It was not very long after this that the Duke of York was 
privately married to the Chancellor's daughter. A serious mis- 
understanding had for some time existed between Charles and the 
Duke, and a separation between them had actually taken place whilst 
tlie foi-mer, during gi'eat part of 1657, resided at Bruges. 


Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Broione.* 

I doe very seldome trouble you with my letters, 
knowing very well that the good Secretary f informes 
you of all things that passe here : But I write now 
vpon a particular occasion, in which his Majesties 
honour is concerned : and iustice and charitie obliges 
V8 to doe all wee can : and though you are not in 
your publique capacity, and soe cannot move any 
thing in the Kings name, I doe beseech you for 
charities sake, to take a little paynes to informe your 
selfe and therevpon to apply your selfe to my Lord 
Jermyn, or Mr. !MontagueJ on the poore mans 
behalfe : and I cannot but presume but they will so 
farre interpose, and vse their credit, that there may 
be no further proceeding vpon so foul an arrest, but 
y' the man may be sett at liberty ; and if it be pos- 
sible, with some repairation. You cannot but re- 
member that scandallous arrest of the Parliament 
of Rennes, whilst the King was at Paris, of which 
the Court being informed was so ashamed, that they 
gaue present order in it, which I thought had beene 
so efi'ectuall, that there would have beene no record 
left of it : nor did I since heare any thing of it, till 
within those last fourteen dayes Mr. Crowther told 
mee that Mr. Bullen was in jjrison vpon the same 
arrest. I presume y' Dulce of Yorke hath, vpon the 
addresses about that time made to him, recommended 
it to some sollicitation ; howeuer the enclosed letter 
com'ing to my hands within these two dayes, and the 
King being absent at this time from hence, I cannot 
but recommend the matter to you, and doc desire 

• This letter only bears the signature and postscript of Lord 

t Sir Edward Nicholas. 

X After diligent search it has heen found impossible to ascertain to 
whom this letter alludes. Lord Jermyn and the Abbe Montague 
were at this time in active confidence with the Queen at Paris, as 
appears from a letter of the Marquis of Onnond to the Clxanccllor 
written in 1659. Clarendon State Pajyers, vol. iii. p. 547. 


you upon perusall of his letter, and the processe, 
which will informe you of all that I can say, that 
you will likewise take the paynes, if it be necessary, 
to call vpon the Superiour of the Benedictines for the 
other papers, and therevpon to take such course, 
that such letters of evocation may bee sent, as are 
necessary ; & that the poore man may bee sett at 
liberty, and out of danger of future vexation : and I 
hope the conjunction may not be vnfavourable 
towards the advancement of such acts of justice. I 
wish vou all happiness, and am, 

your very affectionate serv', 

Edw. Hyde. 

Bkux: I6ih August 1659. 

If S" George Carterett be in towne, desyre hiin 
from me to do all the good offices he can in this 






The subjoined extracts are taken exclusively from the letters and 
papers of Sir Richard Browne, Evelyn's father-in-law, of whom such 
frequent mention is made in the Diary and Correspondence now 
brought to a close. They will be found to refer chiefly to matters 
strictly historical, having been selected for the occasional new facts 
they contribute to that series of remarkable events which form the 
subjects of the various correspondences contained in this volume. 
They requu-e little illustration, beyond what has incidentally beeu 
supplied in notes already given. The first paper contains instructions 
for Browne's special embassy to Holland ; but, with this exception, 
all the extracts given relate to his official residence in Paris, in the 
interval between 1642 and 1651. What followed the latter year has 
been the subject of the correspondence just given between himself 
apd Clarendon. If the reader refers to the Biaa^j, vol. i., p. 276, 
he Avill observe that it was shortly after the date when the last of 
these letters was written, the result of the fight of Worcester 
having put a decided close to all further Royahst effort for the 
time, that Sir Richard Browne sent his son-in-law Evelyn over to 
"compound witli the soldiers," and take possession of Sir Richard's 
seat at Sayes Court, Deptford, with a view to permanent residence, 
" there being now so little appearance of any change for the better, 
all being entirely in the rebels' hands." Shortly after Evelyn had so 
left Paris, at which his young wife was to remain, with her father, till 
Sayes Court should be prepared for her reception, Sir Richard Browne 
had to communicate a piece of news of much domestic interest to his 
son-in-law, and his notes on the occasion may be given here not 
inappropriately, whether as specimens of Sir Richard's more intimate 
and friendly manner of -trnting, or as connected very closely with the 
family story of the Evelyns. The first is dated from Paris, on tlie 
11th of May, 1652. "Dear Son, — Dick Hoare hath formerly given 
you notice of the safety of your lost half, or half lost Ben: Johnson, 
and will also tell you by what good fortune I have (paying the half- 
pistole) got possession of your letter post. I am now to acquaint 


yau, that your wife will (God blessing her with safety) bring you a 
ilepositum you left behind you here, of far greater value, viz. a Jlmn 
in Kelde, a young cavalier, who linth within these few days unexpect- 
edly discovered his vivacity, and plainly manifests his intention 
within few montlis to come forth, and bo a citizen of this world. 
This (though yet a secret here) is so real a certainty, that I exceed- 
ingly joy to give you this first notice thereof. And if grandfathers 
love more tenderly tlieir remote offspring, you will not I hope envy 
me my share in the great contentment, who so passionately wish you 
and yours all happiness, under God's eternal, and tlie temporary bles.s- 
ing of your ever dearly loving father, to serve you, Ri: Browne." — 
The second is dated three days later, and addressed " My son Evelyne." 
Thus it nma: "Dear Sou, — Lest what I sent you by the last post 
should by accident have gone astray, I now repeat what much con- 
cerns you to know, that you may, as soon as may be, participate our 
joy, the nature whereof is to be diffusive. Your wife, by being since 
your departure so free from nausea's and other ordinary indications 
of child-bearing, hath so deceived us tliat, until very lately, we scarce 
other ways than in wishes thought of so great a blessing ; of the 
certainty whereof tliere is now no doubt to be made, though as yet it 
be here so much a secret, that none but my wife and I and your 
maid do know it. God accomplish prosperously this his mercy, to 
his glory, your comfort, and the singular contentment of your dearly 
loving father to serve you, Richard Browne." 

Instructions for our trusty ^ well-beloued Seruant, 
Richard Broume, Clerke of our Privy Coun- 
cell ^c. {in 1640J. 

Charles R. 

Hauing occasion to send a person of trust into 
Holland, unto our deare Sister the Queene of 
Bohemia, and our Nephew the Prince Elector 
Palatin, Wee are pleased to make choise of you for 
the imployment, and for your better direction there- 
in, to prouide you w"* the Instructions following : 

You shall represent unto our Sister, and Nephew,* 

• The Elector Palatine had been in England before this date, and 
was then elected Knight of the Garter. In consequence of the pre- 
sent negotiation, he did not proceed to England until 1643, two years 
afterwards. Charles the Firat may already have suspected the young 
Prince of the design which he afterwards did not scruple to carry 
into effect by joining the party arrayed against his uncle. 


{wee beeing informed he hath a desire to passe over 
into these partes) how inconuenient it would be for 
our seruice if att present he should undertake the 
journey, and that w"*all, it can noe ways aduantage 
his owne affaires, since we shall still haue the same 
care and affection for them, in his absence, as if he 
were present, and now especially in this Treaty 
between us and the States of the Vnited Provinces, 
and the Prince of Orange, wherein his interests shall 
not be forgotten. 

That for the paper w'*" S' Richard Cave* hath 
given us, Wee find it soe directly contrary to the 
interests of the States, and in itselfe impracticable, 
that from that ground. Wee cannot hope any effects 
conducible to the good of our Nephewes affaires, yet 
in the present Treaty we are resolued to endeauour 
y* interest of him, and the House Palatene, soe farre 
as the present conjuncture of affaires will permit, it 
being one of the principall motiues that induced us 
to harcken to this Alliance w*"" the States, and the 
Prince of Orange. 

You are further to giue our Sister and Nephew, 
all reall asseurances of our loue and affection to 
them, and particularly of our desires, that all mis- 
understands (if such there chaunce to haue bin) that 
haue happened either in circumstance or otherwayes, 
concerning the ouuertures of this Marriage f intended 
betweene our eldest daughter and the Prince of 
Oranges son, may be taken away: Wee foreseing 
that nothing can be of more aduantage to them in 
their present condition, then that there be a cleare 
vnderstanding, and all reall friendship betweene 
them, and the Prince and Princesse of Orange : w"^ 

* This Sir Richard Cave appears to have been much engaged in 
the affairs of Holland and the Palatinate. In Bromley's Collection of 
Royal Letters he is mentioned by the Count Palatine in a letter to 
the Queen of Bohemia, as Captain Cave ; he was then serving in the 
army, and occasionally employed in diplomatic affairs. 

f The marriage took place on the •2nd of May, 1641, when the 
Princess was only twelve years of age ; and it is a curious fact in 
Charles's private history, that it was celebrated with great magni- 
ficence in the interval between the sentence and the execution of the 
E-arl of Strafford. 


you are effectually to represent vnto thcra by all the 
arguments and reasons you can frame, and of what 
dangerous consequence the contrary may be to their 
interests and restitution. 

You shall likewise give unto our Sister and 
Nephew, a true and particular knowledge of the 
state of the Treatyes l^tweene us and the States 
Ambassad" (as our principall Secretary shall informe 
you) as well of that of the Marriage, as of y* Con- 
federation, in the latter of which, we are resolued 
(as aforesaid) to take a special care of their interests. 

You are to acquaint them, that although the two 
Treatyes are not come as yett to a conclusion, neuer- 
thelesse hauing been pressed by the Prince of Orange, 
that his son might passe into England before his 
going to the Field, Wee haue so farre giuen our 
assent thereunto as that wee haue left it to liim, to . 
doe therein as he shall thinke fitt. 

You are to impart these our Instructions vnto S' 
William Boswell our Resident, and to take his aduise 
in all things that may concerne our seruice, and you 
are w**" him to addresse your selfe in our name to the 
Prince & Princesse of Orange, & to passe like 
offices w"' them for the endeauouring & setling of a 
good understanding betweene our deare Sister, our 
Nephew, and them, according as wee soe earnestly 
desire, and their interest requires t Giuen under our 
Signe-mauuall att our Court at Whitehall y"= 23^ of 
Febru: 1610. 

(Signed) H. Vane. 

" Hia ^la''" Instructions to Mi;. Browne, going into Holland Iti-ll." ■ 

Instructions for our trusty and tvelbeloued Ricfiand 
Browne, Esq. one of the Clerkes of our Privy 
Councell, and our Agent to"' our good brother iJui 
most Christian King : [in 1641). 

Charles K. 
Wee hauing occasion to imploy our right trusty 
and right welbeloved Cousin the Earle of Leycester,* 

• Robert Sidney, nephew of the gallant Sir Philip. 


our extraord^ Ambassad' with our good brother the 
French King, in the gouernmen' of our Realm e of 
Ireland, as our Lieutenant generall there, and to 
that end being now to recall him from his employ- 
ment in France : Wee haue that confidence of your 
fidelity, and abilities, and particularly of your expe- 
rience in those parts, that wee haue thought fitt to 
make choice of you for to be our Agent there, and 
that you may the better acquitt your selfe in that 
charge, you shalbe provided w*'' the Instructions 
following : 

First vpon your arriuall in that kingdome, you 
shall addresse yo^selfe rnto our said Ambassad' ex- 
traord'y for to be by him presented vnto that King, 
to whom you shall deliuer yo' I'res of Credence, and 
impart your charge : 

And when you shalbe thus admitted to his pre- 
sence, you shall in due, and the best manner, lett 
him know the great affection wee beare to his person, 
and the good aduancement and prosperity of him 
and his affaires, and how much wee doe desire, accord- 
ing to the antient friendshipp and strait obligations 
betweene us, to maintaine all good intelligence and 
correspondence. To w'^'* end, that there may be 
nothing wanting on our part. We haue now, vpon 
the comming away of our Ambassad', sent you to 
reside there : And soe you are accordingly to make 
this your principall aime, as it is indeed the proper 
charge of all Amb", Legats, and Agents, to nourrishe 
and maintayne a good correspondence betwixt the 
two Crownes. 

And therefore you are to informe yo^selfe of all 
former Treatyes, and more especially of the last and 
most freshe in practice, betweene these Crownes, 
being the rule by w""" the proceedings of the subjects 
of both sides are to be regulated. 

And that you may better know wherein Wee, or 
our subjects, are any wayes concerned in those parts, 
whether in suites, processes, or otherwayes, you are 
to take all fitting and necessary informations from 
our said Ambassad', and what businesses shalbe left 
in agitation by him for o™ seruice, • you are in our 


name to continue the prosecution thereof, and to 
giue account of yo' proceedings therein. 

Another part of your charge is, that you watch 
carefully ouer the motions of that State where you 
are, what treaties, alliances, assistances, or ennemi- 
tyes shalbe moued w"* other States openly, or vnder- 
hand, wherein our affaires may be any wayes con- 
cerned ; and for yo' better light and information 
herein, you are to keepe intelligence w"* our Ambas- 
sad" and Agents w"* other Princes, and States, to 
whom wee will giuc orders to correspond w"* you. 

And as there shall farther occasion arise for you 
to negotiate in, for our seruice, you shall receiue 
directions, either immediately from our selues, or 
from our principall Secretaries in our name, w*""* 
you are to obserue & follow, as if it came vnder our 
owne hand, and from time to time to aduertise them 
(or vs as the importance of the occasion may require) 
of all yo" proceedings, and what soeuer else may 
come to yo" knowledge, w"'' may be usefull and 
necessary for the good of our affaires. : — Whitehall 
the23"'of July 164,1. 

H. Vane. 

" Instmcdons for Mr. Browne." 
/u/y23, 1641. 

Charles U. 
Nostre feal et bien ame Richard Browne, Gentil- 
hom'e de Nostre Chambre Privee, Secretaire en 
Nostre Conseil Privee, et Nostre Resident en France, 
salut. Com me ainsi soit que ceux contre qui Nous 
avons a faire presentcm' touchant le reste des 
derniers Dotaulx * de Nostre tres chere Epouse la 
Reyne, se veulent servir contre Nous de certains 
pretendus Ordres donnez Tun au mois d'Octobre 
1633, par feu Nostre Grand Thresorier : f I'autre par 

* This resumption in regard to the Queen's dowr}* was to facilitate 
supplies from the Continent ; her Majesty at tliis preci&e period 
transmitting to the King a considerable sum of money raised upon the 
pawned jewels of the Crown. She liad gone to Holland on the 23rd 
of February preceding. f Uichard Weston, Earl of Portland. 


Nous du 20"* Juiri 1639 a Barwick. Nous vous 
declarons & tous aultres qu'il appartiendra, que Nous 
desavouons celuy pretendu du dit N're Grand Thre- 
sorier, com'e estant donne hers son pouvoir, et 
contre le bien de Nos affaires et interests, & contre 
Nostre intention. Et pour celuy donne au diet 
Barwick, Nous le revoquons absolument, com'e 
ayant este tire de Nous par surprise & du tout contre 
N" intention & le bien de Nos affaires. Ce que 
vous declarez et notifierez quand ainsi vous adviserez 
estre affaire. Et pour ce faire, ces Nos Lettres 
vous seront G.arrant et Authorite suffisante. Donne 
soubs Nostre signet le dixneufiesme jour de Juillet 
a N" Cour a Beuerley, 1642, Fan XIIX™ de Wre 

A N" feal et bien ame Richard Browne, Gentilhom'e de N're 
Chambre Privee, Sec're en N're Conseil d'Estat & Privfe, et 
N're Resid' en France. 1642. 

Charles R. 
Trusty and well beloued Wee greet you well. 
Whereas one Walter Strickland * hath bin very 
lately sent in y* name of both Houses of Parliam' 
heere with credentials to treate with o" Allyes the 
States G'rall of the Vnited Netherlands, as pre- 
tended, for the publick good, though without any 
concurrence or knowledge of Us, which We must 
interprett the highest act of affront & disobedience 
w''' hath bin committed against o' Roy all person & 
dignity ; And this example leading us to a beleefe of 
what Wee haue bin told, but were not apt to creditt 
whilest there was any shew of reverence of o' knowne 
Regalities yet remaining, that Augier,t or some 
other person, is by the said Houses sent with their 
usurped comission into France ; Wee haue thought 
fitt hereby to authorise & command you to use y" 

* Strickland was afterwards a member of the House of Common?, 
and strenuous in the affair of the " Self-denying Ordinance." 

+ Augier had formerly been engaged in the diplomatic negotiations 
on the Continent with regard to the Elector Palatine. . j 


best and utmost meanes as well privatly as publickly 
& in Our Name to hinder & oppose any audience^ 
countenance, or treaty in any kind to be aiforded 
the said Augier or other whatsoeuer cra\iug the same 
of o" Brother the French King, the Princes of the 
Bloody or any of the Protestant Party, o" Friends & 
Allyes, without "Warrant under owre owne hand. 
And if, notwithstand^ Augier or^ any other shall 
prevaile. That you then in O" Name solemnely pro- 
test there against the highest violacon of theire 
Allyance & Friendship with Vs, against w** Wee 
shall seeke such repai'acon as by God's assistance 
Wee shall be enabled. For all w'^'' as these o" 
Letters shalbe y" sufficient Warrant & Proteccon, 
So we shall expect hereof yo' faithful! & boimden 
discharge as occasion therefore shalbe offred vnto 
you. Giuen at o" Com-tat Nottingham the 12"* day 
of Septemb' in the Eighteenth yeare of o™ Reigne 

" To our trusty & welbeloved Ricliard Browne, Esq. 
Our Resid'-with o' Brother the French King." 

"from his Ma'7 20«* day oiStpf 1642."* 

Charles R. 
Trusty & welbeloved Wee greet you well. Wee 
beleeve that before this Letter the Capucinsf of 
Somersett house, or some from them, wilbe arrived 
at Paris & haue represented there how disgracefully 
they were lately entreated at London. Wee are 
exceedingly displeased that soe high an affront hath 

* This letter vras written a month after the King had raised his 
standard at Nottingham. 

f An allusion to the complaints, so long existing, against the 
Queen's Popish attendants. So strong was the feeling on this subject, 
that the King, unable to resist it, was under the necessity of conceding 
to Parliament their demands that he should by royal proclamation 
require all statutes concerning Popish recusants to be put in execu- 
tion, that the seven condemned Popisli priests should be banished, 
and that all Romish priests should be ordered to depart the Kingdom 
in twenty days. - 


been put upon the Treaty between Vs & the French 
King Our Brother, & upon Our owne Authority. 
But forasmuch as this barbarous Act is the child of 
that monstrous Rebelhon w*'' goes big with confusion 
& destruccon to our Person & Posterity as well as 
our Laws & Rights. Wee wilbe cleere of any impu- 
tacon thereof, disavoAving the same, the authors, 
actors & abettors thereof, as Wee doe disavow & 
detest all their traytrous machinacons against Vs 
& the Peace of Our Kingdoms, leaning them obnoxi- 
ous to the iust indignacon & revenge w''^ God shall 
inflict upon them in his due time. And to this 
effect Wee will & command you in Our Name to 
make yo"^^ addi'esse to Our said deare Brother the 
French King for his satisfaccon & the discharge of 
Our conscience & affeccon to Him in this regard. 
And soe Wee bid you farewell. Giuen at Our Court 
at Oxford the b^^ day of Aprill in the Nineteenth 
yeare of Oure Reigne. 


" To onr trusty and welbeloued Richai'd Browne, 
our Resident with our deere Brother the French King." 
From his Ma«« oth April, 1643. 

The extracts which now follow are from letters written by Sir 
RiCHAKD Browne whilst Ambassador at Paris. They generally, but 
not always, indicate to whom they were addressed ; but the topics 
sufficiently explain themselves. In a few instances, a general 
abstract of the subject of the letter precedes the particular extract 

21 Oct. 1642. 

Rich* Browne, Esq; Ambass' at Paris writes to S' 
Edw* Nicholas, Secretary of State — That by his 
Ma'^' late speech at ... . Shrewsbury & by other 
advices, he hears the possibility of a thing w"^ he 
hopes will never come to pass, that liis Ma''' will be 
constrained to sell or engage his fairest parks or 
lands : that there is at Deptford certain pastures 
called Sayes Coiu-t, reserved in his Ma*^' hand for 
the special service of his household, for w'^ being so 
near London, there may in these intruding times, 


be persons ready to deale : he beseeches S' Edw. to 
move his Ma*'' that they may not be sold, but if (w"'' 
God defend) his Ma'^ sho** have just cause to part 
from them, that he wo"* let some sufficient persons 
(whom he shall find out) to deale for them, have the 
first offer, not above 260 acres ; no man shall give a 
clearer light than he will, for they have been long in 
the custody of his ancestors, by whom the dwelling 
house thereon was built at their own charge, & it 
is the only seat he has, & is the place wherein he 
was borne. 

To Sir Edward Nicholas. 

7 Nov. 1642. 

That [in cypher] doth continue his assistance 

to the Irish, furnishing money to buy arms, w*"'' they 
send away for Ireland ; that he has made reiterated 
complaints by his Ma*^* express order, & in his 
name, M'ith so little success that it is useless to 
endeavour any more. The Irish priests as well as 
the soldiers flock very fast into their country & 
pretend bishopricks and other benefices by donation 
from Rome. Col. Tirel is here lately come out of 
Portugal and hastens into Ireland. Col. Belinge 
(late prisoner in England) hath obtained his liberty, 
& is now in this town. 

To the same. 

9-19 iVov, 1642. 

The Prince of Conde lately sent for me & told 
me the Counsells of France had hitherto beene 
contrary to his Ma*'' — excused and asked pardon for 
his complyinge : bad mee assure his Ma*" he would 
henceforward do all that lay in his power to serve 
him, that he would in confidence advertise me (and 
only me) of all that passcth, and (yf neede so 
require) hee would himselfe endeavour assistance for 
his Ma*^ 

Use may be made hereoff yf cherisht & kept 
secrctt, especially in regard the French King is 


not like to live longe, & the Princes of tlie blood 
will probably have their share in govornm' then yf 
not sooner. 

To the same. 

13-23 /aw. 1642-3. 

The whole numbers of the Scotch who doe allready 
serve or have contracted to serve this Crowne^ are. 

Colonel Douglas his foot Reg' 2000 

Eai'l of Erwin his new Reg* of Guard consisting of 30 

companies .......... 4500 

My Lord Gray one Reg' of foote 1000 

My Lord Lundy one Reg' of foote 1 000 

Colonel FuUerton one Reg' of foote 1000 

Earl of Laudian (is sayd) shall have auncient company of 

Gens d'Armes 100 


Of these, allready here 

Coll. Douglas Reg' 1000 

The Earl of Erwins 2000 

ColL FuUerton's 500 


The rest expected, butt much difficulty to find 
men in Scotland. 

I have scene letters lately written from a person 
of great quality in Scottland, bearinge the Earl of 
Laudian's speedy comminge over hither with his 
^la*^" leave to treate the renewinge of the auncient 
allyances betweene the Crowns of Scotland and 
France; uppon which Treaty many particular in- 
terests depend, as, the reestablishinge the Marquis 
Hamilton in the Dutchy of Chatelraut, of the Marq. 
Douglas in that of Turenne, of restoringe the 
Captainship of the Scottish Archers and Guardes- 

du-corps to one of that nation, &c relative to 

which negotiations [^cypher] and Mons' de la Ferte 
Imbault pretends to have in favour of him erected a 


new office of Colonel de la Nation Escossoisc, of the 
same nature and in all points of profitt and honour 
equall to that of the Suisses. 

Mr. Chambers hath very honestly beene with mee 
and tells niee unlesse the Earle Laudian come (as 
he pretends) with his Ma''" leave, and that his Ma'' 
doe well approve of the employment whertoo hee is 
dessigned, he shall not bee very forward so farre to 
quit his allegeance to his lawfidl Soveraigne as to 
accept theroflf. 

I beseech y' Hon' lett me receive y' orders how I 
shall carry myself in this business. 

Mons' de la Ferte ImbauU is nott only a vehement 
stickler for the Scotch, butt in a manner also agent 
for the Parliament here. I have by me the authen- 
tique copie of a letter written lately to him by a 

Peere * in the name of the Upper House 

to sollicit a businesse here. In all his discourse he 
rayseth their reputation to what heighth hee can, 
and depresseth his Ma"" causelessly, dishonestly, 
and maliciously. 

To the same. 

11-21 March, \U%Z. 

Passports to treat for a general Peace to assemble 

at Munster. The Earle of Laudian with S' T. 

Dishington solicite very earnestly here for the 
sendinge an Ambass' into England, to treat of an 
accommodation, by order as is presumed of the 
Pari' in England, and Mr. Fert Imbault is noe Icsse 
earnest to bee the man. These three are all one 
and violent Parliamentarians. 
[An iDclosure in cypher.] 

To the same. 

2-12 June, 1643. 

By the letters I recommended to Mr. de Gressy's 
safe delivery, your Hon' will have understood in 

• In this part of the original, the words "my lord of Holland" 
arc scratched through with a pen. 


what a miserable condition I am for want of some 
present supply of money, my friends haveinge plainly 
signified unto mee that I must expect no more from 
them, or from my estate in England already engaged 
to its utmost extent. 

By the same opportunity I likewise give y' Hon' 
notice of S' Bait. Gerbiers manner of proceedinge 
here at his first arrival, since which he continues his 
frequent visits to the Queene, Princes, and Ministers, 
taking much uppon him, and using his Ma*'^' name 
how hee pleases uppon all occasions, not onely 
givinge out here, butt also writing into other parts 
(as I have received notice by letters from good 
hands) that he is sent hither by his Ma*'' to condole 
about other business of great consequence. — I shall 
be glad to know what y' Hon' thinkes of this kinde 
of carriage of his, and whether it bee his Ma''"' plea- 
sure to have a pretended Ambassad' where he hath 
allready an avowed Resident. 

The Elector Palatine to Mr. Browne. 


Y" of the 44 past, brought along w*h it soe good 
efi'ects of y' endeavours in my afl'aires, as that besides 
y' owne assurances & my Resid' Pawls constant tes- 
timonie of y' assiduity, the contents of what it hath 
procured in my favour, doth clearely confirme 
me in confidence, & augment my obligation towards 

My constant ill fortune hath taught me not to 
stand att this time much upon formalities w''' those 
whose helpe I need, therefore I must rest satisfied 
w"" what the mentioned letter wants thereof, in hopes 
it will be supplied w*'' reallity when it comes to the 

I thanke you also for y' good advertisements to 
Pawel, & am very glad to find by y' last concerning 
Mad"^ de Rohan,* the care w''' the King my gracious 

* This lady was only daughter of the Duke de Rohan, one of the 
great leaders of the Huguenot party in France ; and who signalised 



Vncle hath of those that doe him acceptable service. 
And soe desiring the continuance of yo' good ofl&ces 
in w*" still further concerne the good of my interests, 
I assure you tlmt I sliall euer reraaine 

Y' most afiectionuate frend, 


Hague Uie 7'* of Sept: 164.t. 

•• For Mr. Browue,* Resid' to the King of Gr: Britt: att Paria." 

From Pr: El: Palatine 7: Sept. 1643. 

Sir Richard Browne to Sir Edward Nicholas. 

3 Sept. 1643. 

[Ci/pJter'] concerning which money es as I treated 
with 335 . 420 (who hath very much contributed to 
the findinge out and sending this summe) hee know- 
inge my case, of himselfe offered mee to move 335 . 
501 . to reserve here what part I would towards pay- 
ment of my entertainement until they received his 
!Ma''" order to put it into my hands, but I replyed 

himself in the affairs at Rochelle and the Isle du Rlit-. In Hardwicke's 
State Papert there is a letter from Sir Henry de Vic to Lord Conway, 
dated from the Coast of France in 1G27, in which she is said to be on 
the point of marriage writli the Count de Suissoits ; a match wliich the 
Duke of Buckingham also describes as most desirable for the Pro- 
testant Cause. See Hardwicke's State PaperSy pp. 34 — 38. It was at 
one time intended by Charles the First that Prince Rupert should 
marry Mademoiselle de Rohan : and in the Harleian Collection there 
is a letter from the King to Prince Maurice in favour of the match. 
The Elector Palatine, CItarles Louis, the writer of the letter in tlie 
text, returned soon after its date into England, where he_ had long 
been a pensioner. His brothers were constant to the Royal cause ; 
but he took part with the Parliament, and sat in the Assembly of 
Divines. The truth was, that, being the next heir to the English 
Crown in case tlie family of Qiarles the First were set aside, a 
section of tlie popular leaders had undoubtedly cast their thoughts 
towards him as a means by which some settlement might be effected 
similar to that which was made with the Prince of Orange between 
forty and fifty years later ; and there can be as little doubt that 
the young Elector, who had nothing amiable or generous in his dis- 
position, and who felt bitterly his dependence on his royal uncle's 
generosity and charity, caught greedily at the bait held out. 
* Aftcrwai'ds Sir Richard. 


that though my necessities did much presse raee, yett 
I would nott presume to stopp or divert any supply 
whatsoever sent to his Ma*^. Here is a very consider- 

and ammunition* 

able quantity of 259 . 82 . 91 . 83 . sent and sendinge 
from hence, the particulars Avherofl' are I assure 

myselfe well knowne to his Ma'^ and to y' Hon'. 

prays for money & to be preserved from perishing. 

To the same. 

3 Sept. 1643. 

the welcome newes of 20,000/. sterling which 

this good Queene sends to their jSIa'''"' by her Am- 
bass'. — They oflFered to put part into his hands, but he 
refused it, tho' his necessities were great, as he wo*^ 
not intercept any supply sent to his Ma*''. 

Much arms & ammimition sent — lord V. Moun- 
tague had 50,000 livres Tournois to purchase arms — 
35,000 only expended — prays the other part may be 
ordered for him. 

To the same. 

10-20 Nov. 1643. 

The Queene is in a manner wholly governed by 
Card* Mazarine, who is secretly leagued with the 
Prince of Conde, but governed by Mons' de Chavigny; 
this last beinge by this meanes though in a close way 
more powerfull than ever. The whole triplicitly I 
feare will league noe very favourable influence on 

England. Mr. Croft is gone to Rouen joyntly 

with my L* V. Mountague & others to treat with 
som merchants for fumishinge his Ma'^ with armes & 
ammunition, &c. 

• The words "and ammunition" are struck through with a pen in 
the original. 


To Lord Digby. 

6 Jan. 1644. 

Delivers the Kings passe for 100 barrells of powder, 
12,000 waight of match, 2000 swords & 500 case of 
pistols to be by a merch' put aboard his Ma'^' 2 men 
of war at Havre. The passe was drawn according to 
ray memoire, for the king of Gr. Br. service, but the 
Secretary of State caused it to be new written, and 
those words left out ; w'^'* among many other things 
I have observed, makes me think those here very far 
from declaring for either side in England. 

To the same. 

25 March, 1644. 

I have received your L*ps letter of 21. Feb. that 
some supplies of money will speedily be sent to me, 
& intimating his Ma''" gracious pleasure to conferre 
upon mee (not lesse unexpected than undeserved) 
the dignity of Baronett ; as y' Lo^ has happily joyned 
these two together, soe I humbly beseech .... they 
may not be separate butt for mutual support and 
ornament march hand in hand. To attend y' Lo'" 
commands in both I have desired the bearer hereoflF 
Mr. William Prettyman (a younger brother of my 

wife's) to make a journey to Oxford within few 

dayes I shall have better opportunity to express my 
thankfulnesse more at large. 

I humbly beseech yo' L^ to represent my most 
abundant gratitude to his Ma*^ 

To Lord Jermyn. 

i-UJvm, 1644. 

Y' Lo** hath obtained from his Ma*'' a grant of the 
perpetuity here in France of 2822 livres tournois p' 
an'. If yo' Lo*" should not already have made sure 
thereofF, I know not how Mr. Aubert's pretensions 


may interfere with this of yo'Lo^' ; for three days since 
his Agent here signified his Ma'^' order to mee for 
payment to him of 25" livres and returning from him 
the diamond ; which sume not being to bee had out 
of the arreares, it is probable hee will now make a 
demand of the rents themselves, which if he doe 
obtain, and that they bee made over to him in that 
lowe and underhand rate hee expects, he will 
make up his summe, sweep away not only the rents 
themselves, but alsoe the remaininge part of the 

To Lord Digby. 

June, 1644. 

The inclosed arret will lett yo' L'' see that I have 
at last finished the longe dependinge suite for reco- 
very of a remainder of His Ma''*' portion-money longe 
since deposited here for the payment of certaine 
creditors & servants of His Ma•'^ The rents or per- 
petuity tenn yeares since bought with this money, 
Avith the arrears of the sayd rents, I have been forced 
to wrest out of violent hands uppon the best terms 
I could; for to say the truth, they were in a manner 
swallowed up by some greedy cormorants in too 
great place and power here, who never thought to 
have thus regorged them to their true owner his Ma'^. 
Of the tenn yeares arreares of 2822 livres p' an. 
there are little above seaven at present to bee found 
in ready money (the rest being nott yet payed), 
which present money M'ill all be disposed off partly 
by the arret itselfe, and partly for necessary compo- 
sitions, charges, and gratuities (as shall appeare by my 
just and good account), so that to his Ma*'^' profitt 
there will come cleare only the perpetuity or rents 
themselves, andbetweene two or three yeares arreares. 
These rents stand his ]\Iat*^ in twelve yeares pur- 
chase, but by reason of the seasures the late French 
King and this have since these warres made uppon 
rents of this nature, and of the uncertaine con- 
dition of these times, they will not now bee sold at 


80 good a rate as they may improve to after a general 

To Lord Digby. 

7-1" Jane, 1644. 

"Writes earnestly for money — inevitable ruin ranst 
befall him — has not wherewithall to provide himself 
out of mourning, a new Coat and Liveries, w'"'' will 
much tend to his Ma**** disreputation — " I appeall to 
all the world whether I have not in this absolutely 
dearest part of Christendom for these three yeares 
maintained his ^Ma'*" honour beyond what could be 
expected from my quality in these distracted times, 
my estate lying all in Kent and Essex yielding little 
or nothing, the moneys I take upp comeing uppon 
much disadvantage, and a constant great interest 

To Lord Jermyn. 

Right Hon'*'' my singular good Lord. 

Accordinge to y' Lo*" command to send you the 
Inglish newes, I now begin by this opportunity of 
Mr. Besse's departure : What London affords this 
inclosed printed will acquaint y' Lo"*. Besides which 
the letters containe little or nothinge, onely some 
hopes of misunderstandinge and diuisions amonge 
the Parlamentary Generalls. 

Yesterday the Pr: Elector Pal. his Agent came to 
acquaint mee that His Elec: High: hee thought was 
by this time in London : and to declare the cause of 
his iourney thither to bee, partly to see what aduan- 
tages he might reape to himselfe from his Ma*^ and 
Pari: according to both their promises, in case they 
treated an accommodac'on ; & partly to sollicit some 
supplies of money fory* Queene his mother and him- 
selfe, without which they can neyther of them subsist 
any longer. And this hee desired mee to write to 
their Ma"". And I thinke the same excusatory 
account will bee brought within fewe dayes to y"^ 


Court by Pr. Edward, who was also yesterday with 
mee to consult where he might most speedily and 
most conueniently find His Ma''^. 

The Duke of Orleans is on his way hither, and yf 
what I heare be true, will visit his Ma'=' ere long at 
Bourbon. Of the Duke d'Anguien's action at 
Fribourg, I will nott giue an account till the lame 
Post bee come, and then I shall send it by a speedier 
conueyance. It shall sufiice that by this sure hand 
I present my humble seruice to y' Lo^. and giue 
assurance of my diligent endeauours to obey y' com- 
mands. Beseeching y' Lo^ to take some speedy care 
for the subsistance of a creature of yours whose sole 
ambition it is to bee vsefull to you : Many haue 
allready passed by and pitied his condition ; butt y"" 
LoP is the Samaritan from whom alone his vrgent 
necessities expect that balme must cure them. In 
which happy omen I take the boldnesse to kisse y' 
Lop* hands in quality off, 
Y' LoP', 

Most faithfull humble Ser', 

Richard Browne. 
Paris 19 ^if^. 1644. 

After seuerall negotiations betweene the Palais 
Cardinal and the Court of Parlament, the Queene 
Regent vppon Tewsday last signified to the Parlam* 
that being well informed of their good intenc^ons and 
sincerity, she approued of theire proceedings, willinge 
them to meet frequently and to continew dilligently 
their consultations for the publique good ; w^'all 
acquaintinge them, that the Ennemy was vppon the 
flfrontier, and that the King wanted mony, wherefore 
they might doe well to bring theire resolutions to 
maturity w^'^in the space of 8 dayes : since w"'' satis- 
factory answere the Parlament is uery busy in 
finding meanes how to reforme the abuses in the 
gouvernement chiefly in that of the Kings reuenews, 
in which worke the rest of the Parlaments of fi'rance 
will doubtlesse comply w*** this of Paris. And some 


threat Ministers may perhaps be sacrificed to the 
])eople, who have already confessed their feares by dis- 
iurnishinge theire houses of their choicest moueables. 

Heere is all possible care taken to furnish the 
Prince of Conde w"* mony, and heere is also much 
seeking after horses to sende to him, wherewith to 
remount his Caualiers ; the Prince is w"* his army 
neere Guize, where he hath lately arrested a gent' of 
Piccardy (whose name is Ragny) for hauing giuen 
intelligence to the Spaniard, and hauing drawne 
great pensions from them any time this 6 or 7 yeares. 

The fFrench ffleet consistinge of 13 shipps and 19 
gallies hath presented it selfe vppon the coast of 
Naples, but as yet w*''out any success at all. 

This weeke hath safely brought hither Mr. Langton, 
with all your noble tokens, for all which (particularly 
for the rare booke to mee) I render you my hearty 
acknowledgements, as also your two letters of 15. & 
19. June, containinge (as allways of late) feares and 
hopes. God in his mercy direct thinges to some 
tolerable end or other. I wrote to Mr. Spencer this 
day seauenight, as to you also ; and hope it went 
sEife, though I find some of the former Post (none 
of mine, for I wrote nott) were intercepted. Our 
Prince being disappointed of the somrae of money 
hee expected from the French for his iourney, goes 
the beginninge of the next weeke to Callice, butt 
with lesse traine than hee intended, which is all I 
can say to you of that matter, onely that all his 
Ma''" Priuie Councellors in France haue orders to 
attend his High"* at Callice: my Lord Treasurer, Lord 
Bristoll, Sir Ed. Nicholas, are on their way thither. 

Our best respects to the good company with you 
in the Country : where I hope you injoy yourselues, 
and amongst other diuertisments with that of hay- 
makinge, the season for which now approaches ; aud 
ought (yf you haue there had soe wett a growinge 
time as here) to afford you store of exercise. Fare- 
well, D. S. 

Yours for euer. 

Paris 4. July 1648. 
From Sir llic: Browne. 


I know not yet what judgment to make, or what 
the euent will bee of the affaires now in agitation 
betweene our Royall and our pleadinge Pallace heere. 
For notw^'standinge that the exiled members of the 
Parlament be restored ; that the reuocation of the 
Intendants out of the Prouinces bee resolued (three 
onely excepted) namely, in the Lyonnois, in Cham- 
paigne, and in Piccardy, where theire employment is 
restraned onely to the affaires of the armies and that 
y* Queene hath condescended to y* erection of a 
Chamber of Justice, as they terme it, w"^^ is to consist 
of a selected number of Parlament men, whereof 
the Kinge (to saue the reputac'on of his authority) 
is to haue the nomination, and is established to 
inquire, and informe against financiers, partisans, 
and others that haue misbehaued themselves : yet it 
will be a difficult matter to reconcile other differ- 
ences, for there is much dispute about the remitt- 
inge y* arrears of the Tailles of y* yeares 44, 45, and 
46, and about abatinge of the S*** part of the Tailles 
of the yeare 47, and the fourth part of 48 and 49 ; 
about the regulating the impositions uppon the entry 
of merchandises, about the reuokinge those Edicts 
by which the rents vppon the Towne house and the 
wages of Officers are diuerted to the Kings vse, and 
generally whatsoeuer almost hath passed w%ut the 
verificac'on of the Parlament, is subject to question. 
Nor is the Counsell altogeather complyant w'^ the 
Court of Parlament, hauing lately by their arrest 
cashiered an arrest of Parlament against the Dutchesse 
of Aiguillon. Nor is the Parlament vndiuided in 
ittselfe, the Kinge hauinge a party there amongst 
whome the S' Boulanger, Cone', in the first Cham- 
ber, two dales since pleadinge very earnestly on 
the Kings side, in behalf of the Partisans in 
whose handes he is sayd to haue great sum'es 
of money, fell downe dead in the House, where- 
vppon the Duke of Orleans retired, the meeting 
dissolued, and the people conclude this blow to bee 


a judgment of God vppon him for defendinge soe 
bad a cause. 

Mars" de Gramont is come hither, whose privat 
husinesse being not yet knowne, what appears is 
that he hath addressed himselfe to the Parlament to 
acqxiainte them w"* the necessityes of the army, and 
to demand supplyes of them, seeing all other meanes 
of raysinge monyes are now, by their stirringe, soe 
disordered, that the new snr-intendant can neither 
by intreatyes or threats dispose the partizans to 
aduance one penny till they see farther what settle- 
ment these disputes will produce. 

The iFrench ffleet is returned from the coast of 
Naples (not hauinge made any impression at all 
vppon that people) to Piombino & Portolongone. Nor 
doe I heare that Prince Thomas is yet embarqued. 

My Lord Jermin went hence towards Callice 
Munday last. The Queene is returned to St. Ger- 
mains. My Lord Marq' of Ormond prepares for 
Irland. And my L*^ Marq' of Newcastle goes next 
weeke towards Holand by the way of Flanders, with 
his Lady, &c. God blesse you and vs. And send vs 
a happy meetinge. 

Yours euer to loue and serue you. 

Paris, 18 Jidy 1648. 
From Sir Ri. Bx'owne. 

The businesse of the Parlament this weeke 
hath been to deliberate vppon, and examine the 
declaration w'** the King brought them, hauinge 
appointed fower of theire members to make report 
thereof vppon the 16*'' of this moneth ; in the mean 
tyme they make great difficulty to obey that part 
thereof, wherein the King com'andes them not to 
assemble any more in the Chambre St. Lewis; and this 
notw"*standing that the Duke of Orleans hath seuerall 
tymes beene w'** them to maintaine the King's 
authority, and to vrge the conueniency, yf not the 
necessity, of theire obedience ; so that, by what yet 
appeares, the Parlam' yf they meete not in the 


Chambre St. Lewis yet they will doe theire businesse 
in some other place, and perhaps at last make a foule 
house ; for that is certaine, that some other Parla- 
ments of ffrance doe manifestly declare and foUowe 
theire example. 

The Prince of Conde findinge great difficultyes in 
the reliefe of Tourne * is encamped at Bethune, 
there expectinge the succors y* Erlack, Vaubecour, 
and others are to bring to him. 

At Naples the affaires betweene the King and 
people (ill satisfied w* the Spaniards non-perform- 
ance of treaty, and murmoringe by reason of the 
scarcety of bread) are againe fallen into great dis- 
order ; insomuch as it is thought the ffrench ffleet 
may therevppon make yet an other journey to 
attempte some new impression in that Kingdome. 
The newes of the seidge of Cremona is confirmed, 
not w^^'out hopes of the speedy takinge thereof. 

The Marquis of Ormond is vppon his departure 
for Irland, Wee are here, God be praysed, in good 
health. Butt when will our deare Brother William 
come ? I am glad to heare our cottage hath beene 
dignified with such good company as your brother, 
to whom I longe to present myseruice. Our honest 
cousin Stefens (who will well deserue your acquaint- 
ance, and whom I recommend vnto your affection) 
will perhaps by that time these come to you, bee 
arriued. Which yf hee bee, I pray present my 
seruice to him, and soe with our relatiue cordiall 
affections, I rest 

Yours euer. 

Paris, 8 Aug»t 1648. 

Our Court wants money, and lines very quietly at 
St. Germains : where no peere appeares but my 
Lord Jermin. The Lord Marq. of Worster, the Lords 
Digby & Hatton, though yett in France, yet line for 
the most part in Paris. 
From Sir Ri. Browne. 

• Note appended : " Which is lost." 


Since y' Cora'ittingc of the King's declaration to 
fovrer Members of the Parlament, to bee by them 
examined w"* order to make reporte thereof on 
Munday next, the Parlament hath followed theire 
ordinary course of businesse, and this interim seemes 
to bee a kind of truce betweene the Royall and y" 
pleading Pallace. 

The losse of Tourne hath not yet exasperated y' 
Prince of Conde into any newe vndertakinge against 
the Spaniard, w'''' now vppon y' joyninge of Erlack's 
troops vnto him, it is expected hee shoulde, soe that 
probabily wee shall soone heare of his remoue from 
Bethune. In this stationary, or rather retrograde, 
condition of the ffrench affaires in fflanders, the 
certaine expectation of the taking Cremona, and the 
weaknesse of the Spaniard in Catalonia, are very 
considerable supports ; but aboue all, the relaps of 
Naples into (as they heere thinke) a more desperate 
state than euer, doth raise their mindes, and giues 
here great hopes of the losse of that Kingdome to 
the Spaniard. In order to w'^ the ffrench ffleet hath 
set saile for L'Abruzzo, there to joyne w"* the Conte 
de Conuersano, who hath reuiued y' rebellion and 
is at the head of a considerable army. 

The Com'andeur de Souuray prepares for his 
journey into Holland, in quallity of Ambassador 
from the Religion of Malta, there to demande resti- 
tution of the Cora'andaries, w"''' the States of Holland 
doe possesse. 

The Duke of Beaufort (who 'tis thought hath not 
beene out of ffrance) attended av"' 40 or 50 horse, 
liath lately (as is saide) appeared in Brittany, 
wherevppon there are some troopes sent thither, and 
into Normandy, to secure those Provinces. And to 
Card" Mazarin they speake of giuinge a guard of 100 
horse, for the safety of his person. 

The Marquiss of Ormond two dales since begane 
his journey towards Ireland. 

Thankes for vours of 28 & 31. most wellcome. 


All your relations here salute you most cordially. 
To my brother yf nott com away, & to my cousin S'. 
yf arriued, present my loue and seruice, the like 
to all the good company with you. Farewell, my 
deare S. 

Yours for euer louinge. 

Parts. 15 Auf}. J648. 
From Sir Ri. Browne. 

Yf thorough the difficult and hazardous passage, 
these lines come safe to you, they will conuey my 
serious and hearty congratulations of that condition 
you are now in neere his Ma% wherein his gracious 
fauour and your owne merit haue concurrently placed 
you. Though I haue receiued noe letter from you 
since your arrivall in Schotland, yett I injoy the 
fruits of your care and kindnesse towards mee, 
witnesse the two warrants of his Ma''% dated y^ 
4 Aprill 3° Car. 1651, directed to Prince Rupert and 
to Mr. Windam in my behalfe, for which, as I render 
all humble acknowledgements to my most Gracious 
and E/Oyall Maister, soe, I giue you also my hearty 
thankes for beinge soe happily instrumentall in a 
concernment of mine, though hithertoo neyther of 
them haue prouued any way aduantageous unto mee, 
for I can giue noe account where Pr. Rupert is since 
his comminge into the Ocean, and takinge some rich 
shipps belonginge to the Kinge of Spaine, and to 
the Genoese : And when I addresse any demands to 
Mr. Windham, hee makes mee noe returne butt 
these kind of w^arrants, such as the inclosed, of 
which he hath many. Soe that unlesse his Ma*'' be 
pleased eyther to thinke of some other way of supply 
for mee, or direct some more effectuall commands to 
Mr. Windam, your kindsman and his family must 
(for ought I see) begge bread (or starue) in the 
streetes of Paris. In March last Mr. Windam 
assigned mee a thousand guilders of Dunkirko 
money, which makes little aboue fourescore pistolls 


here. Butt the man (one John Arden) in whose 
hands he had deposited the prize goods, out of wliich 
this suram was to bee raysed, is soe insohient tliat 
he lyes in prison eyther nott able or not williuge to 
giue any satisfaction. The truth of this will bee 
confirmed to you by word of mouth by Mr. Edgman, 
of whose safe arriuall with you, and returne into 
these parts, I should be gladd to heare. 

The affaires of this kingdome are in a dubious 
condition, occasioned chiefly by reason of some 
jealosies betweene the Queene Regent and the 
Princes ; to which the neere approachinge majority 
(the G"*. 7'.) will, in probability giue a period, one 
way or other, by a more fimie settlement of the 
authority, ministery, and direction of affaires. As 
for the aspect towards vs, all I can say to you is, it 
will bee answerable to the successe of his Ma"" 
affaires in schottland, vppon which they here looke 
as the North Pole-starre by which they intend to 
steere. Our good Queene spends much of her time 
of late in a new monastery at the end of Queene 
Mother's Cours (formerly the faire and pleasant 
house of Mar* Basompeere at Challiot) of which shee 
is the titular foundresses and the sweete Duke of 
Yorke doth here subsist vppon the allowance of one 
thousand crownes a month payd him from this 
state, beinge greatly esteemed by all for his comeli- 
uesse and personall dexterity, in his behauiour and 

Amongst all the publique and priuat calamities 
wherwith it hath pleased God to visit my poore 
family, wee yett (by His gracious blessinge and 
mercy) iujoy our healths, and the hopes of a better 
condition, when eyther our humiliations, or our 
enemies sinnes shall moue the Divine power to 
looke more fauourably vppon vs ; in order to the 
obtaininge wheroff I yett make shifte to keep vp a 
chappell and the luglish Liturgie in my house, 
where, by ordinary and extraordinary deuotions 
wee implore Gods blessinges vppon his Ma"" person 
and just cause. To that diuine Omnipotency 


recommending you (with all our cordiall and kind 
salutes) I rest. 

Dear cousin, 
Y' most affectionate kindsman 
and faithful! humble seruant, 


Parts, 19 Aug. 1651. 

I pray present my seruice to all such worthy 
friends of mine of our owne nation, in whom you 
find any memory of, or kindnes for, mee. Butt, 
faile nott to render mee most louinge and most 
respectfull to my noble friend to me still (for I know 
nott his new titles) Mr. William Murray. 

Postscript. Extract of a letter from Nantes. 
IS'*" Aug*. Prince Rupert is arriued with his prizes 
in Portugall, 15 leagues from Lisbone, and there 
hee fitts his shipps with some others that belonge 
to the Kinge of Portugall, to goe against the Kinge 
of Spaines gallions. This is written by a good hand 
from Lisbone. 

Wee heere hope the newes of Schottland, and the 
defeat in Fife, is nott soe bad as the London prints 
would make vs beleeue. I pray God send us some 
comfortable tidinges, and bless his Ma'^. with victory 
and successe in all his undertakiuges. 




Abbeville, notice of, i. 41 
Abbot, Dr. George, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, his hospital, i. 286; family 

of, ill. 342; portrait, 301 
, Mr., a scrivener, ii. 1 16 n ; con- 
demned as a loyalist, iL 136 
Abdy, Mr., i. 219 
Abel, John, his counter-tenor voice, 

ii. 163 
Abingdon, Montague Bertie, Earl of. 

Lieutenant of the Tower, displaced, 

ii. 376 
Academies at RicheUeu, i. 74; at Paris, 

257, 258 
« Acetaria" (1699), by Mr. Evelyn, ii. 

355, 392, 393, 396; iii. 384 
Acoustics, &c., letter on, iii. 209, 210 
Act at Oxford (1654), i. 290 ; (1664), 

384 ; (1669), iL 40, 41 
Acton, Sir William, Lord Mayor, iv. 

55 n 
Acts, of the Apostles, MS. of, L 140; of 

the Council of Basil, i. 295 
Addresses to the king, origin of, ii. 348 
Adolphus, Prince, proposes for Princess 

Sophia of Bohemia, iv. 213 
Adriatic Gulf, notice of, i. 196 
Adscomb, Surrey, Mr. Draper's house 

at, ii. 358, 368, 371 
" Adventures of Five Hours," a play 

(1662), i. 372 
Advocates' library, the founder, iii. 193 n 
^miliana, Margaret,!. 212 
.^tna. Mount, eruption of (1669), L 338 

n ; ii. 43 
Agates, &c., curious, i. 43, 86, 214, 306, 

" Agreement of the People," debate on, 

iii. 34 
Agrippina, Julia, mother of Nero, her 

sepulchre, i. 160 
Ague, cure for the, ii. 164 

Aid, royal, distribution of (1665), iii. 1 70 

Aiguiilon, Duchess of, iv. 347 

Air, excellence of the Italian, i. 84; 
experiment on, i. 362 

Aitzema, Leo D', his " History of the 
United Provinces" (1657), i. 20 n 

Aix, in Provence, account of, i. 80 

Albano, tombs of tlie Horatii and 
Curiatii at, i. 162, 163 

Albemarle, George Monk, Duke of, 
various references to, i. 359, 374, 377, 
385—399; ii. 2,3,20,24,25 n,75, 157, 
170, 185; stays in London during the 
plague (1665), i. 396 ; appointed General 
at sea, &c., 399 ; his victory over the 
Dutch fleet, ii. 5,6: share of a Spanish 
galleon (1687), 267; trials respecting 
an estate, 327, 343, 366; portrait of, 
iii. 301 

See Keppel, ii. 352 n 

Albemarle Street, notice of, ii. 20 and n 
Albert Eremitano, bust of, i. 210 
Alberti, Cherubin, paintings by, i. 139 
Albury, Surrey, villa of Mr. Howard, 
i. 247, 249, 308, 364; the grounds 
improved by Mr. Evelj-n, ii. 29, 52; 
bought by Mr. Solicitor Finch, 1687, 
268; Mr. Evelyn desirous of possess- 
ing (1657), iii. 63 and n 
Alchemist, a pretended one at Paris 
(1650), i. 263, 266 n; stories of an, 273 
Aldobrandini, Cardinal Pietro, i. 179, 

Alessandro, Signor, musician, i. 134, 255 
Alexander III., Pope, (Roland, Bishop 
of Sienna), i. 200; painting respect- 
ing, 138 

VII., Pope, Fabio Chighi, 

his intrigues with tlie Queen of 

Sweden, ii. 149 
Alexander, Mrs., letter to, iv. 29 
Algardi, Alessandro, architect, i. 182 
A A 2 



Alibone, Sir Richard, Justice of the 

King's Bench, a Papist, ii. 276 
Alkoran, written on a sheet of calico, 
i. 291 

Allegri, Antonio da Corregio, paintings 
by, L 56, 93, 133, 163,369; ii 341; 
sum paid for a Venus by, ii, 326 

Allen, Capt. Sir Thomas, L 391, 392 n, 
393; ii. 60 

AUestree, Dr. Richard, Dean of West- 
minster, i. 344, 3.52; ii. 41, 42, 382; 
sermons of, 97, 1 37 

Alleyn, Edward, his College at Dulwich, 
ii. 102 

Allington, William, Lord, ii. 59; his 
house at Horseheath, 48, and n 

, Rev. Jolin, preaches against 
regicides, L 302 

Allix, Dr. Peter, ii. 243 and n, 256 

All Souls' College, Oxford, painting in 
the clia])el of, i. 384 

Almont, Sir James Levingston, Earl of 
Callendar, iv. 81 

Alois, Planta, its peculiarities, iii. 205 

Alps, journey over the (1646), L 230 — 

Alstedius, John Henry, referred to, i. 
267, 382; ii. 330 

Alston, Dr., President of the College of 
Physicians (1664), i. 382 

Althorp, Northamptonshire, seat of Lord 
Sunderland, ii, 100, 277—279, 338; 
earthquake at, 310 

Amazons in Persia, ii. 146 

Ambassadors, see Embassies, on the 
precedency between the French and 
Spanish (1661), i. 355; ii. 395; nar- 
rative by Mr. Evelyn, vindicating the 
King and his servants, i. 426 — 429; 
French and Spanish apply for Irish 
soldiers, iv. 53, 66 ; foreign, ordered 
to give up priests who were the King's 
subjects, 1 09 ; the Venetian, offended 
by the parliament, 127 ; instructions 
to Sir R. Browne, 328 ; sent to France 
and Holland, 333 ; seat of the Englisih, 
disfigured at Cliarenton, 314 

Amber, spider, &c., enclosed in, ii. 165 

Amboise, Castle of, i, 70,71 ; Cardinal 
George D', his tomb, 60, 79 

Ambrose, St, quoted, iii, 89 

Ambrosian library at Milan, i, 226, 227 

Ammanatti, Vincenzo, architecture of, 

Amphitheatre at Venice, i. 78 ; at Peri- 
gueux, 82 ; of Vespasian, ll6 ; at 
Verona, 221 

Amsterdam, account of (1641), i. 22 — 

25 ; hospital, 23, 401 
Anabaptists, their objection to oatlis, 

i. 322 ; increase of, 323 ; iii. 45 
Anatomy, school of, at Leyden, i. 26 ; 

at Padua, 21 1, 216 ; at Oxford, 292 
Anchor, method of casting in Acts, 

xxvii. 29, illustrated, ii. 197 
Anchorite of Mount Calvary at Paris, 

i, 254 
Anderson, Sir Richard, ii. 150, 175 
Andoyne, Abbot of, i. 36 
Andrews, Dr, Launcelot, Bishop of 

Winchester, i. 304 ; ii. 129, 130, 181 
, Mayor of London, 1649, 

iii, 44 
Angelico, an apothecary at Vincenza, 

Angcloni, Signor, his medals, &c., i. 1 1 0, 

Anglesea, Arthur Annesley, Earl of. 

Viscount Valentia, i. 347 ; ii. 35 
Anio, cascade of the, i. 1 8 1 
Anjou, Gasto Jean-Baptiste, Duke of, 

performs in an opera, 1651, i. 265 ; 

his embassy to Charles IL, 340 
Anne, of Denmark, Princes.?, afterwards 

Queen, ii. 235 n, 222, 273, 288, 291, 

300, 336 ; her marriage, 1 82 ; refuses 

to dismiss Lady Marlborou<;h, 318 ; 

William III. reconciled to, 333 ; en- 
tertained, when Queen, at Oxford, 

&c., 368 ; goes in procession to St. 

Paul's Cathedral, 369, 373 
, of Austria, Queen Regent, iv. 

352 ; message to Parliament of Paris, 

345 ; agrees to erect a Chamber of 

Justice, 347 
Annunciada (Annunciata), churches of, 

i. 87,95, 187 
Antenor, founder of Padua, inscriptions 

to,i. 206 
Anthonie, Capt., iv. 237, 269, 271, 281, 

287 ; Sir Richard Browne's opinion 

of, 289, 292 
Antibes, i. 82 

Antichrist, final destruction of, ii. 297 
Antoninus, Marcus Aurelius, Emperor 

of Rome, his baths, i. 165 ; column 

of, 1 69 ; his palace, ib. 
Antonio, Marco, singer, i, 182; an 

enameller, &c., at Paris, 273 
Antwerp, account of (1641), L 31 — 33 ; 

cathedral, 32, 403 
Apennines, passage over the (1645), 

i. 191 
Apiaries, transparent, notice of, i. 292 



Aplanos, Mr. EveljTi's signature to his 
letters, iii. 4 — 42. 

Apollo, Temples of, i. 159 

" Apology for the Royal Party" (1659), 
by Mr. Evelyu, i. 333 ; ii. 391, 395 

Aponius, Peter, bust of, at Padua, i. 2^0 

Appian Way, its extent, &e., i. 147, 

Appii Forum, etched by Mr. Evelyn, 

Aqua Claudia, i. 1 75 

Aqua Paula, fountaiu of, i. 145 

Aquapeudente, town of, i. 100 

Arabian horses, accouut of some, ii. 201, 

Ara Coeli, church of, at Rome, i. 106, 

" Archaeologia," cited, ii. 106 n, 189 

Architects in Rome (1645), i. 182 

" Architecture, Parallel between Ancient 
and Modern" (16G4), by Mr. Evelyn, 
i. 382 and n, 384, 386, ii. 391 ; his 
directions for reprinting it, iii. 318, 
360; M. D'Aviler's work on, 361, 362 

Arconati, Cavaliero Galeazzo, his gift to 
the Ambrosian library, i. 227 

Arden, John, conduct to Sir Richard 
Browne, iv. 352 

Aretino, Pietro, epitaph on, i. 209 n 

Argyle, Archibald Campbell, Marquis 
of, i. 314, 318 ; his son, 362 ; his 
rebelhon, ii. 223 ; executed, 225 ; 
notice of, i. 413; iv. 80, 81, 91, 111 

, Archibald, ninth Earl, son of the 

preceding, i. 362, 4 1 8 

Ailington, Sir Henry Bennett, Earl of, 
Secretary of State, references to, i. 
355, 357, 362, 379, 385, 391, 393; 
ii. 2, 8, 20, 26, 27, 38, 39, 46, 48, 
SI, 53, 56, 58—60, 62, 63, 71, 77, 81, 
82, 84, 85, 86,91, 188 ; iii. 222, 223 ; 
Lord Chamberlain, ii. 106—108, 110, 
115, 135, 187, 211 ; disappointment 
of being Lord Treasurer, 370 ; Mul- 
berry Garden granted to, i. 288 n ; his 
daughter, ii. 77, 135 ; Goring House 
burned, 93; his pictures, 109; re- 
built Euston church and parsonage, 
113; his seat at Euston, 110—114; 
letters to, iv. 198 n, 202, 208 n, 224 n, 
235 D, 236 ; lile and character, ii. 
114, 115; died a Roman Catholic, 

. , Countess of, ii. 82, 176, 186, 

249, 260 

Arlington House and Street, in London, 
historical notice of, i. 391 u ; ii. 144 

Armourer, Sir James and Sir Nicholas, 
ii. 26, 380 ; iv. 217 

Amioury at Genoa, i. 87 ; the Pope's in 
the Vatican, 141 ; at Florence, 1 88 

Armstrong, Sir Thomas, ii. 178 ; his 
execution, &c., 198, 341 and n 

Army, proceedings for disbanding the 
(1641), iv. 52, 66, 94 ; provisions for 
the payment of, 52, b4, 108 ; dis- 
banded soldiers permitted to serve 
the States, 66 ; tumults of the troop- 
ers, 83, 85 ; orders concerning, 87 ; 
guard liept at the Parliament Houses, 
98 ; sent to Ireland, 110, 112, 119, 
121 ; design of gaining the army for 
the King, 106 ; marched into Oxford- 
shire, 136 n ; advancing to England, 
ib. ; state of the Royal forces, 147, 
180; Rebel army (1648), i. 246; ex- 
pels the Parliament, 333 ; afterwards 
limited, ii. 351 

Arnauld, Mons., iii. 219 

Arno, notice of the River, i. 90, 91 

Arnold, Alichael, a brewer, against the 
seven bishops (1688), ii. 276 

Arpino, see Cesari 

Arran, James Hamilton, Earl of,ii. 170, 
233 ; his marriage, 270, 279 

, Lady Anne Spencer, Countess 

of, her death, iii. 315 
Arras, Spaniards defeated before, iv. 206 
Arsenal at Florence, i. 190 ; at Venice, 

207 ; at Geneva, 243 
Arundel, Capt. William, iv. 299 

•, of Wardour, Lord (1647), iii. 5 ; 

(1660), i. 334; (1664 85), 379; ii.58, 
62, 2U4, 213, 224; (1687), Privy Seal, 
Arundel and Surrey, Thomas Howard, 
Earl of, Earl Marshal, i. 15, 28, 35— 
38, 166, 211, 218, 223, 227 ; his last 
sickness, &c., 218 ; medals, &c., of, 
iii. 300 

, Henry Frederick 

Howard, Earl of, and EUz. Stuart, his 
Countess (1649), i. 247, 251 ; iv. 192 
-, Henry Howard, 

Lord, married to Lady Mary Mor- 
daunt (1677), ii. HO; alluded to 
(1680), 154 

-, Earl of, Manor of 

Worksop belonging to, i. 299 
Arundel House, various references to, 

i. 319, 357—360, 365, 374 ; ii. 20, 23, 

31, 89, 121 ; tee also Howard and 

Arimdel Street, notice of, ii. 89 n 



Amndelian Libnu*}', proeured for the 

Royal Society by Mr. Evelyn, it 20, 

122; iii. 216 
Aruudulian Marbles, procured by Mr. 

Evelyn for the University of Oxford, 

ii. 29, 41 ; iii. 219 
Ascension-day, ceremony on, at Venice, 

i. 197 ; sporta of Ascensiuu week, 203 
Ashburuham, Mr., ii. 28, 380 
, Col., referred to, iv. 154 

n ; Parliament sequesters the pay of, 

56, 58 n, 76 n 

-, Mr. John, iv. 135 n, 174 — 

Adiley, Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, 

Lord (1671-2), ii. 59, 70 
Ashmolo, Elias, Windsor Herald, i. 310, 

322, 328; ii. 161 n, 227 ; his library, 

museum, portrait, and collection of 

coins, i. 322 and n, 328 ; ii. 119, 120; 

iii. 299 
Ashted, Surrey, seat of Sir Robert 

Howai-d at, ii. 196 
Ashton, Colonel, iii. 36 

, John, executed (1691), ii. 311 

Ashurst, Sir Ilenry, ii. 341 

, Sir William, a subscriber to 

Greenwich Hospital, ii. 344 n, 345 n 
Ash- Wednesday, observanceof neglected, 

i. 287 
Astley, Sir Jacob, sent to Ireland, iv. 

110; examined on O'Neal's affair, 128 
Atkins, Sir Jonathan, ii. 89 
, Sir Robert, Puisne Justice of the 

Common Pleas, ii. 133 n. 269 n 
Atterbury, Dr. Francis, Bishop of Ro- 
chester, iii. .'365 and n 
Attomies, number of, reduced, ii. 358 
Atwood, Mr., ii. 270 n 
Aubert, Mr., employed by King Charles 

I., iv. 342 
Aubigny, Lord, Almoner to the Queen, 

i. 272, SCO, 379 ; his character, 360 
Aubrey, John, his " History of Surrey " 

referred to, ii. 26 n 
Audley-End, Essex, Palace of the Earl 

of Suffolk, i. 305 ; ii. 49, 115, 185 n 
Auger, Sir Anthony, ii. 26 
Augier, Mr., Parliament sent to France, 

iv. 333 
Augustine, St., citation from, iii. 88, 89 
Augustus Octavianus Caesar, Emperor of 

Rome, his aqueduct, L 145 ; Temple 

of, at Puteoli, 158 ; Obelisk of, 171 ; 

his Mausoleum at Rome, t6. 
Aungier, Lord, i. 305, ii. 119; account 

of, i. 411 

AureliuB, Marcus, equestrian statue of, 

i. 104 
" Aurum Potabile," prepared by M. 

Roupel, i. 285 
Austen, Colonel, a subscriber to Green- 
wich Hospital, ii. 344 
Austria, Don John of, iv. 311 
Avernus, Lake, at Naples, i. 159 
Aviaries and Menageries, notices of 
various, i. .32, 35, .58, 86, 111, 117, 
174, 178, 181, 212, 288, 314, 390 
Avignon, account of, i. 79 
Axtall, Daniel, regicide, executed, i. 341 
Aylesbury, Sir Thomas, iv. 235 
Aylesbury, Robert Bruce, Earl of, ii. 

Ayliffe, Capt., i. 392 n 
Ayscue, Sir George, captured by the 
Dutch, ii. 6 

Backhousb, Sir William, ii. 240 n, iii. 

165 n 
Biickstair, Colonel, iii. 23 
Bacon, Sir Edward, ii. Ill 

•, Sir Francis, Viscount St. Alban, 

i. 86, 380, 383; iii. 297, 301 
-,Dr., at Rome, i. 101 

" Bacula," Treatises concerning, ii. 

392 n; iii. 221 — 224 
Baden, Louis-Guillaume, Prince of, in 

London (1694), ii. 327 
Baglioui, Cavaliere Giovanni, paintings 

by, i. 103, 167 
Bag'ni di Tritoli, i. 160 
Bagnios at Venice, i. 1 96 
Baise of the Romans, i. 154,158,160, 161 
Baker, Mr., his house on Epping 

Forest, ii. 43, 173 

•, Capt., attempts the North- West 

Passage, ii. 1 07 

-, George, his " History of North- 

amptonshire" cited, ii. 102 n 

-, Sir Richard, his " Chronicle " 

referred to, i. 422 
Baldarius, Andrea, i. 210 
Baldassare. See Peruzzi 
Ualdero, Dr., Sermon of, i. 345 
Balfour's " Pratiques," or Reports, iii. 

Balgrave, Dr. Isaac , Dean of Canterbury, 

ii. 73 
Baliol College, Oxford, Mr. Evelyn's 

present to, iii. 247—249 
Ball, Robert, letter, iii, 286 

, Sir Peter, i. 360 

Ballad on the Queen Mother burned, 

iv. 57 



Ballard, George, his ** Memoirs of 

Learned Ladies " referred to, ii. 37 n 
Ballatine, Sir William, iv. 91, 96 ; raised 

to the Peerage, 91 n 
Balle, Dr. Peter, his gift to the Royal 

Society, i. 377 
Balls Park, Hertfordshire, i. 39 n 
Bamfield, Mr., iv. 209 
Banbm-y, Nicholas KnoUys, Earl of 

(1645), robbed in Italy, i. 146 
Bancroft, Dr. Richard, Archbishop of 

Canterbury, his librai-y, i. 304 
Bandinelli, Baccio, productions of, i. 92, 

95, 188 
Banditti in Italy, i. 147, 223 ; in France, 

Bank, for the poor in Padua, i. 211 ; 
'of England esUblished, 1694, ii. 329, 

331, 345 
Bankes, Sir John, Lord Chief Justice, 

iv. 53, 54, 59, 64 
■ Lord, proposed as Speaker of 

House of Peers, iv. 99 
Banks, Sir John, an opulent merchant, 

ii. 107 
Banquetting-house, touching for the 

Evil at tlie, i. 338 ; creation of Peers 

there, 347; lottery held there, 380; 

auction of pictures at, ii. 325 
Banstead, Surrey, Roman medals found 

near, i. 329 
Baptism of a Turk and a Jew, i. 172; 

private, censm-ed, ii. 296 
Baptist, Signer Giovanni, musician, ii. 

198, 204 
Baptistery of San Giovanni, L 89 ; of 

St. John Baptist, 124 
Bar, defects in educating for the, iii. 378 
Baraterius, Nicholas, architect, i. 202 
Barbadoes, i. 365, 395 ; conspiracy of 

negroes at (1693), iL 323 ; trees, &c., 

there, iii. 258 
Barberini, Cardinal Francesco, his 

courtesy to the English, i. 124, 178 
Barberini, Palazzo, i. 107, 167 
Barclay, John, his " Icon Animarum" 

(1614), i. 283 and n ; ii. 37 n 
, Lord George, mechanical occu- 
pations of, iii. 167 

-, Mr. John, iv. 89, 91, 107, 125, 


Bargrave, Dr. Isaac, ii. 73 

Barill, Mr., i. 246 

Barillon, Monsieur, French Ambassador 

(1685), ii. 246 
Barlseus, Gaspar, " Historia Rerum in 


Barlow, Dr. Thomas, Bishop of Lincoln, 
i. 291, 383 ; ii. 30, 31, 41, 99 ; iii. 
149 ; lettei-s to Mr. Evelyn, acknow- 
ledging presents to the Bodleian, iii. 
64, 104 ; on a lost MS., 132 ; on the 
Jesuits, 143 

, Francis, painter, notices of, i. 

312, 412 ; ii. 158 ; iii. 81 n ; letter to 
Mr. Evelyn on dedicating a plate to 
him, 81 ; answer to ditto, 82 

-, Mrs., alias Walters, notices of. 

i.253; ii. 229andn; account of, i. 407 
Bamaby, Mr., iii. 380 
Barnard's Castle occupied by troops, 

iii. 33 
Baron, Barnard, engraving from Titian 

by, i. 328 n 
Baronius, Caesar, his sepulchre, i. 109 
Barrow, Dr. Isaac, Bishop of Chester, 

sermon by, ii. 97 and n 
Bartholomew Fair (1648), i. 247 
Bartolomeo. See Porta 
Bartolomeo, Signer, musician, ii. 137, 

Barton, Mr. John, his death, i. 285 ; 

referred to, iii. 63 
Basil, Council of, original acts of the, i. 

Basilisco at Ghent, i. 36 
Basire, Dr. Isaac, i. 357, 370,417; iii. 

3 ; letter to Mr. Evelyn on his 

loyalty to Charles I., 1 ; on some 

theological questions, 218 
Bassano. See Ponte 
Bassano, Dominico, and his daughter, 

musicians, i. 215 

Veronese, paintings of, i. 133 

Bassompiere, Fran9ois de, his palace, i. 
44 ; iv. 352 

Bastille at Paris, i. SO 

Bath, visit to (1 654), i. 289; given np by 
Prince Rupert (1645), iv. 153, 156 

, John Grenville, Earl of, account of, 

i. 415 ; references to, i. 347 ; ii. 107, 
1 17, 170, 176, 206, 211, 223, 269 and 
n ; trial with, concerning an estate 
left by the Duke of Albemarle, ii. 327, 
343, 366, 392 ; his death, 366 

, Henry Bourchier, Earl of, iv. 84 

Bath, Knights of the, their creation, 

Bathurst, Dr. Ralph, Dean of Wells, 
i. 4, 21, 30, 95 n ; iii. 199 ; iv. 25; let- 
ter respecting Lord Howard's arms, 
iii. 219 ; his death, ii. 373 

, Mr., a merchant, ii. 98 

Bauli, notice of, i. 160 



Bayaria, Duke of, iv. 242, 244, 245 
Baxter, Lieutenant of the Tower (1657), 

Hi. 86 n 
Bayley, Dr., Vice-Chancellor of Oxford 

(1636), i. 420 
Baynards, at Ewhurst, Surrey, i. 246 ; 

iii. 330 ; described, i. 320 and n 
Baynton, Sir Edward, his house at Spy 

Park, i. 293 
Beach, Sir R., ii. 236 
Beale, Dr., letters of Mr. Evelyn to, on 

his « Acetaria," and llortulaii collec- 
tions, il 392, 393 ; on philosophical 

Bubjeets, iii. 207—211, 254 
Beale, a tailor, discovers a plot, iv. 126 
Bear-garden, sports at the (1670), ii. 46 
Beaucliamp, Lady, i. 310 
Beaufort, Henry Somerset, first Duke of, 

his house at Chelsea, ii. 127 n, 183 ; 

death of, 357 and n ; his family, 173, 

■ Edward Somerset, Duke of, 

iv. 350 
Beaugensier, notices of, iii. 85 and n 
Beaumont, Francis, iii. 301 

, Herbert Van, iv. 22 

Beauvais, town of, i. 42 
Becher, Mr., ii. 33, 90 
Beckford, Lady, ii. 139, 155 
Beddington, seat of the Carews, i. 6, 

329 ; ii. 361 and n 
Bede, Venerable, MS. of, in the Bodleian 

Library, i. 291 
Bedell, Mr., iii. 56 
Bedford, William Russell, Earl of, i. 

347 ; ii. 34, 178, 203 ; his protest, iv. 

68 n 
Bedford House, Bloomsbury, i. 389 n 
Bedloe, William, a witness against Sir 

George Wakeman, ii. 132 ; ilL 253 
Bedsteads, splendid ones noticed, i. 86, 

Bee-hives, remarks on, iii. 76 
Befort, Monsieur, iv. 'J02, 203 
Belin, Mr., i, 382 
Belinge, Col., iv. 336 
Bella, Stephano della, engraver, i. 256 
Bellarmine, Cardinal Robert, his sepul- 
chre, i. 108 
Bellasis, Henry Lord, i. 373, 384 ; ii. 

34, 261 ; iii. 253 

, Governor, iv. 1 66 n 
Bellcar, pictures possessed by, i. 249 
Belle Cour at Lyons, i. 78 
Bellino, Giovanni, master of Titian, his 

portrait, i. 343 
Bells, notices of, I 24, 25, 60, 301 

BcUsize House, Hampstead, notice of 

i. 880 
Belluccio, Dr., of Sienna, i. 185 
Belvidere Gardens, i. 141 
Belvoir Castle, Lincolnshire, i. 298 
Bembo, Cardinal Pietro, i. 172 
Bemde, Henry, letter, iii. 319 
Benbow, John, Admiral, ii. 342, 347 n j 

his gallantry and death, 369 
Benedict Vli., Pope, i. 173 
Benevento, statue by, i. 95 
Benlowes, Edward, references to, and 

notice of, i. 303 and n 
Bennett, Mr., iv. 274, 277, 285, 301 

, Mrs., sister to Lord Arlington, 

i. 379 

Benotti, an artist in Pietra Commeaso, 
i. 94, 190 

Benson, Henry, M.P., iv. 1 09 n 

Bentivoglio, Cardinal Guido, his gardens, 
&c., i. 173 ; Castle Bentivoglio, 195 

Bentley, Dr. Richard, references to, 
ii. 130 n, 328, 333, 347 n, 348 ; iii. 
341, 362, 370, 388 ; delivers tlie 
Boyle lectures, ii. 319, 322, 327, 328 ; 
letters of Mr. Evelyn to, on a new 
edition of the " Sylva," iii. 365 ; the 
library in St. James's Park, 369 

, Mr., a bookseller (1697), iii. 


Bergamo, Damianodi, inlaying by, i. 192 

Bergen-op-Zooin, i. 30 

Berkeley, George, first Earl of, various 
references to, i. 329, 332, 336, 368, 
378 ; ii. 8, 85, 93, 167, 181 ; ambas- 
sador to France for the treaty of 
Nimeguen, 102, 106 ; seized with 
apoplexy, 1 02 ; sets out for France, 
103, 104 ; commits his affairs to Mr. 
Evelyn, 103—105, 107, 110 

Berkeley, of Stratton, John, Lord, his 
house in London, ii. 78, 79, 377 

, Lord, bombards Dieppe and 

Havre (1694), ii. 331 
, Lady, property of, from 

Berkeley Gardens, ii. 197 
, Sir John, iv. 235 n, 236 n ; 

danger from the Parliament, 76 ; 

arrested, 78 n ; sent to the Tower, 

94 ; political intrigue of, 154 

, Mr. Arthur, iv. 110, 112 

, Sir Robert, Puisne Justice of 

the King's Bench, his portrait, iii. 

301 ; examined by the Peers, iv. D9 ; 

his sentence, ib. ; grandson of, ii. 188 ; 

iii. 273, 275, 276, 280, 282, 320, 332, 




Berkeley, Sir Charles, i. 355, 373 
, Mr. (son of Lord Berkeley), 

i. 312, 313; iii. 70 n 
Berkeley House, described, ii. 4, 78 n, 
377 ; gardens of, built over, 197 ; 

residence of Princess Anne (1696), 

Berkeley Castle East Indiaman sunk, 

ii. 328 
Berkenshaw, Mr., musician, i. 381, 419 
Berkshire, Thomas Howard, Earl of, 

iv. 143 
■ , Charles Howard, Earl of, ii. 

39, 101, 211 
Berkshire, or Cleveland, House, ii. 20, 

and u 
Bernini, Giovanni Lorenzo, sculptor and 

architect, i. 182 ; works of, 107, 110, 

122,124, 166, 188, 255; his varied 

talents, 122 
Bertie, Mr., ii. 5 
Berwick, James Fitz-James, Duke of, 

engaged in the conspiracy (1696), ii. 

339 ; noticed, iii. 319 
• , Garrison of, paying off, iv. 65 ; 

jealousy respecting, 94 
Bestland, Cantlo, engraving by, ii. 324 n 
Betchworth Castle, i. 305 
Betterton, Thomas, his theatre in Dorset 

Gardens, ii. 53 n 
Beveridge, Dr. William, anecdote of, ii. 

Beverley, notice of the town of, i. 301 
Bewdley, Charles I. visits, iv. 140 n 
Biauchi, a singer in Rome, i. 183 
Bible, English MS. in the Bodleian 

Library, Oxford, i. 291 ; versionsof 

the, 309 
« Biblia Polyglotta," by Bishop Walton, 
' i. 283 
Bickerstaff, Sir Charles, purchases 

Pilton, ii. 197 
Bickerton, Mrs. Jane, daughter of Sir 

Robert, ii. 65 and n, 118 n, 120 n 
Biddulph, Sir Theophilus, i. 372 
Bie, Jacques de, and Sieur de Bizot, 

their « Histoire Metallique," iii. 355 
Billiards, Portuguese manner of playing, 

ii. 138 
Bills, Parliamentary, tacked to Money 

Bill, contested, ii. 359 
Bindley, Mr. James, i. 356 n 
*' Biographia Britannica," referred to, i. 

Introduction, 27 1 n, 387 n, 426 ; ii. 

196 n, 306 u, 374 n, 393 
" Biographia Dramatica," referred to, i. 

331 n 

Birch, Dr., sermon by, against Papists, 

ii. 259 
Birds, Royal Collection of, in St. James's 

Park, i. 389 
Birkenhead, John, a spy, iii. 51 ; his 

reply to the Jesuits, iii. 70 
Bishoprics, proceedings for filling up 
those vacant (1641), iv. 72, 79, 83, 98, 
115, 116, 129 ; Parliament dislikes 
the measure, 99, 102, 106 
Bishops, impeached, proceedings against 
(1641), iv. 51 n ; summoned by the 
Queen, 84 ; pamphlet against, 99 n ; 
King Charles's directions about a 
pardon for them, 118, 123 ; pro- 
ceedings in Parliament concerning, 
97 n, 99—102, 106, 115, 123, 128; 
Parliament endeavours to take away 
their votes (1641), 95, 97,102 ; popular 
outcry against, 102 n ; inattentive to 
the Church at the Restoration, ii. 71 ; 
the six Bishops petition James II. 
against his declaration for liberty of 
conscience, ii. 274 ; sent to the Tower, 
275 ; trial of, 275, 276 ; called upon 
to reconcile matters on the expected 
invasion (1688), 281 ; the Bishops and 
Convocation at variance (1701), 365 
Blackburn, Cornet, brought to trial, iv. 

284 n 
Blackfriars garrisoned, iii. 33 
230; (1690), 308 ; fair on (1683,) 174 
Blacksmiths, ingenious works of, i. 293 
Blackwall, Dr., Boyle lecturer, ii. 356 
Blagge, or Blague, Mrs., ii. 39, 77 n, 94, 
381; marriage of, 98, 123, 124. iSee 
Blake, Admiral Robert, iv. 218, 232 
Blandford, Dr. Walter, Bishop of Wor- 
cester, ii. 79 
Blathwaite, Mr., Secretary at War, &c., 

ii. 268 
Bleaw, William Jansen, i. 25, 402 
Blechiiigley, Surrey, house of Hen.VIII. 
at, i. 308 ; sale of the manor of, ii. 
Blenheim,'thanksgiving for the victory 

of, ii. 373 and n 
Blois, notice of the town, &c., of, i. 69 
Blood, Colonel, account of, ii. 57, 382 
Bloomsbury-square, building of, i. 389 ; 
Montague House erected in, ii. 106, 
Blount, Sir Henry, i. 332, 414 

,Col., i. 141, 281, 310, 313, 320, 




Bobart, Jacob, « botanist, and a de- 
scendant of, L 384 and n 
Bodleian Library, Oxford, curiosities of 
the, i. 291 ; Mr. Evelyn's presents to, 
iiL 64, 104 
Boet, Dr., i. 263 

Boggi, a sculptor, i. 123 
Bohemia, Elizabeth, Queen of, i. 18, 
401 ; iy. 90 n, 103 n. 195 n, 205 n ; 
letters, 205—226 ; character of her 
writing, 205 n ; her cypher, 208, 226 ; 
spleen against Q^ Christina, 205, 207, 
214, 221 ; fond of shooting, 207, 
210, 212 ; Prince Adolphus of Swe- 
den proposes for her daughter Sophia, 
213 ; travels to see Q. Christina, 215, 
216 ; gaiety at tlie Hague, 222 ; at a ' 
royalty at Tilling, 224 ; solicits a com- 
mission for Killegrew, 225, 226 ; Sir 
Richard Browne sent to, 328 ; her 
funeral, i. 362 

, Sophia, Princess of, daughter 

of preceding, offer of niarriai;e, iv. 213 

Bohemians, revolt of (1618), i. 4,400 

Bohun, Dr. Ralph, tutor to Mr. Evelyn's 
■on, i. 396 ; ii. 21, 53 ; iv. 30 n ; 
letter to by Mr. Evelyn, ii. 346 n ; 
living presented to him, 364 ; Dr. 
Bathurst's legacy to, 373 ; character 
of Mrs. Evelyu by, i. Introduction; 
iv. 3 — 7 ; notice of, 3 n ; sermon by, 

■ it 1 1 ; letters of Mrs. Evelyu to, iv. 
8—11, 24—26, 29, 30, 34 j alluded 
to, 14 

, Mr., his house and garden at 

Lea in Surrey, ii. 134, 168, 169, 184 

in the, i. 66 ; referred to, 256 

Bois-de-Vincennes, palace of, i. 50, 255 

Bois-le-Duc, fortifications, &c., of, i. 28 

Bologna, account of, i. 191 — 194 ; Torre 
d'Asinelli and Churches, 192 ; Palace 
of the Legate, ih. ; Dr. Montalbano, 
St. Michel in Bosco, 193 ; religious 
houses, &c., lb. ; observations on, 194 

Bologna, Baldassa di, painting by, i. 1 1 1 

, Giovanni di, sculptures of, i. 

45, 94, 95, 146 

called II Bolognesi, painting by, i, 167 

Bolsena, Lake of, i. 100 

Bolton, Dr., bis Consecration Sermon, 
i. 371 

Bombardment, a cruel species of war- 
fare, ii. 337 

Bombs, experiments made upon, ii. 264 

Bommell, town of, i. 20 

Bond, Sir Thomas, his house at Peck- 
ham, ii. 107, 159 

Bonifacio, Father, at Venice, i. 218 

Bonnes Hommes, Convent of, at Paris, 
i. 55, 263 

Books, various particulars concerning, 
i. 11 and n, 43, 140 n, 243, 291, 292, 
300, 303, 380 ; ii. 122 

Booksellers, at Geneva, i. 240 : loss of, 
by the Y'xte of London, iii. 188; their 
editions of the classics censured, 190 

Boord, Mad. de, censures the carving of 
Gibbon, ii. 56 

Booth, Sir George, created Lord Dela- 
mere, i. 347 

, Mr., i. 260 

Borell, Peter, work of, referred to, iii. 84 
, Mynheer, Dutch Ambassador, 

iv. 240, 241, 246, 252—254, 320 
Boreman, Sir William, Clerk of Green 

Cloth, ii. 246 
Borghese, Cardinal Scipio, bouses of, i. 

133, 180 
Borghese Villa, i. 117. 118, 178 
Borromean Islands, i. 231 n 
Borromeo, Cardinals St. Charles and 

Frederick, ii. 91 ; burial-place, i. 224 ; 

munificence of, 225, 226 
Boscawen, Mr., ii. 230 ; his daughter, 

346, 366 

, Mrs., ii. 123 

Bosio, Antonio, his "Roma Sotterranea" 
(1632), i. 177 

Boswell, Sir William, iv. 90, 210 ; resi- 
dent at the Hague, 55 n, 223 

Bouchar^'ant, Abbess of, i. 266 

Bouillon, Duke and Duchess of, i. 174 

Boulanger, Sieur, counsellor, his sudden 
death, 330 

Boulogne, account of, i. 41 

Bourbon, L'Archambaut, i 76 

Bourdeaux, iv. 273, 280 

Bourdon, Sebastian, his portrait of Mrs. 
Evelyn, i. 249, 275, 277 ; iv. 317 

Bourges, account of, i. 75 

Bowles, Sir John, ii. 190 

Bowyer, Sir Edward, ii. 26 ; his seat at 
Camberwell, i. 321 ; noticed, iii. 18 

Boyle, Richard, first Earl of Cork, L 
382 ; iii. 349 ; anecdotes of, 396 

, Hon. Robert, references to, i 

313, 332, 346, 362. 364, 383 ; ii. 104, 
283, 307, 318, 322 ; iii. 70 n, 391 ; 
experiment by, i. 362 ; elected Presi- 
dent of the Royal Society, ii. 150 ; 
letters of Mr. Evelyn to, on his 
" History of Trades," and Ray's work 



on Flowers, 393 ; enclosing certain 
Treatises of Arts, iii. 92 ; on Essences 
of Roses, 110; on his works on Garden- 
ing, 114; on a plan for a Mathe- 
matical College, 116 — 120; on Mr. 
Boyle's "Seraphic Love," 121—126 ; 
on a varnish and books of Mr. Boyle's, 
133 ; on several new publications, 147 ; 
his death, and Bishop Burnet's funeral 
sermon, ii. 316 ; particulars of him, 
i 412 ; iii. 346—352, 359, 370, 385, 
387—393, 395 

Boyle, Mr., killed in a sea-fight, iii. 240 

Boyle Lecture, notices of the, ii. 319, 
322, 327, 333, 338, 341, 356 ; iu. 367, 

Boyne, battle of the, ii. 308, 309 

Bracciano, Duke di, his house, i. 1 35 

Bradford, Mr., of Bow Church, proposed 
Boyle lecturer, iii. 377 

Bradshaw, George, of Balliol College, 
Oxford, i. 9 

, John, regicide, i. 9, 248, 251, 
260 n, 281 

Bramante. See Lazzori 

Bramhall, Dr. John, Archbishop of 
Armagh, i. 339 ; ii. 252 ; account of, 
i. 415 ; iv. 263 n 

Bramstone, Francis, Baron of the Ex- 
chequer, iii. 301 ; his son, i. 213,215 ; 
ii. 34 : iii. 31 

Brandenburgh, George William, Elector 
of, iv. 220 

, Elizabeth Charlotte, Elec- 

tress of, iv. 225 

-, Duke of, his present to 

the Royal Society (1682), ii. 165 ; to 
the Queen (1693), 325, 326 
Brandon, Lord, Charles Gerard, trial 

and pardon of, ii. 245 
, Cliarles, Duke of Suffolk, paint- 
ing of, ii. 121 
Bi*ay, Sir Edward, i. 320 n 

, William, F. S. A. "History of 

Surrey " referred to, i. 249, 383 n ; 
ii. 20 n, 26 n, 159 n, 203 n, 219 n, 
252 n, 269 n, 300 n, 323 n ; iv. 31 n, 
60 n, 297 n, 419 n ; great age of, iii. 
208 n, 357 n 

, Captain, iii. 36, 37 

Brazen Tables at Lyons, i. 78 
Breakwater at Plymouth, i. 87 n 
Breames, Sir Richard, ii. 1 9 
Breda, ship of war, blown up, ii. 31 

Brederoke, , iv. 210 

Bredrod, family of, i. 28 ; ii. 114 
Brenta, fine country on its banks, i. 205 

Brentford, Patrick Ruthen, Earl of 
Forth, iv. 211 

Brentford, battle of, i. 38 

Brereton, Lord, ii. 26 

, Mr., son of Lord Brereton, L 


Brescia, account of, i. 220, 223 

Brest, the harbour of, iv. 282, 292, 295, 
303, 306 

Bret, Colonel, ii. 160 

Bretagne, claims of the Admiralty of, 
iv. 281, 307 

Bretagne language, its great resemblance 
to the Welsh, ii. 98 

Breton, Dr. John, sermon by, ii. 44 

, Mr., Vicar of Wotton, sermons 

by, i. 357 ; his death, and Mr. 
Evelyn's regi-et for, ii. 68 ; iv. 30 

Brett, Sir Edward, i. 398 

Bi'eughel, Peter (called the Old), paint- 
ing by, i. 34 ; ii. 43 

, John (called Velvet Breughel), 

i. 34, 226, 246, 248 

Brevell, Mons., ii. 68 

Brevent, Dr., Dean of Durham, i. 258 

Brick-Close, Deptford, granted to Mr. 
Evelyn, ii. 34 

Brideoak, Dr. Ralph, Bishop of Chiches- 
ter, ii. 97, 105 

Bridgeman, Sir Orlando, ii. 59, 80, 107, 
224 ; iii. 301 ; iv. 84, 135 

Mr., Clerk of the Council, his 

death, ii. 352 

, Mrs., ii. 192 

Bridges, particulars concerning, i. 44, 

45, 57, b9, 60, 62, 75, 77, 79, 90, 91, 

98, 99, 153, 158, 175, 180, 221, 232, 

242, 244, 259, 300 
Bridgewater, Parliament captures, iv. 

154 n 

, Francis Egerton, Duke of. 

his improvements, ii. 33 u 
Brienne, Mons. le Comte de, iv. 240, 

Brightman, Thomas, an expounder of 

the Revelation, ii. 308 
Brill, Paul, paintings of, i. 56, 139, 369 
Briloft, curious mechanism at the, i. 23, 

Brindley, James, engineer, notice of, ii. 

33 n 
Brisbane, Mr., Secretary to the Admi- 
ralty, 1681, ii. 155, 188 
Bristol, i. 289 ; St. Vincent's Rock at, 

290 ; Prince Rupert surrenders, iv. 

, George Digby, Earl of, i. 356, 



360, SG3 ; Hi. 301 ; his house and 
library at Wimbledon, i. 361 ; ii, 117, 
118; house of, in Queen-street, ii. 58 ; 
account of, i. 417 

Bristol, Countess of, ii. 1 83. 278 ; her 
house at Chelsea, 127, 129, 136, 183 

, John, Lord Digbv, Earl of, iv. 
84 ; votes against " lustruciious " to 
Commissioners, 121 ; references to, 

Brooiii, Vinceiitiu, sculptor, i. 190 

Brockman, Sir Payton, iii. 13 

Brodriek, Sir Alejn, ii. 96 ; iil 394 

Broghill, Richard Lord, Plays by, i. 
391 ; ii. 18 and n 

Bromley, Mr. John, his house at Horse- 
heath, ii. 48 n 

, Sir George, « Roval Letters " 
referred to, iv. 90, 91, I'lo, 130, 195, 
205, 206, 210, 221 (notes) 

Brompton Park, rare plants in, ii. 329 

Bromwich, Dr., iv. 72 

Bronzino, Aguolo, paintings by, i. 93, 

Brook, Francis Greville, Lord, his 
bouse at Warwick, i. 297 

, Lady, her garden at Hackney, 

Brook, seat of Lady Camden, i. 298 

Brooks, W., architect of tlie Loudon In- 
stitution, ii. 79 n 

Broomfield and Deptford, Kentish loyal- 
ists meet in, i. 246 

Brouages, M., iv. 274 

Brouncker, William, Viscount, First 
President of the Royal Society, i. 
351, .367, 378; ii. 110, 1)7, 272; 
iii. 348 ; account of, L 416 

, Mr. Henry, ii. 69, 148; his 

house at Sheen, ii. 122 

Brown, Mr., detained in Holland, iii. 270 

, Sir Adam, of Betchworth, ii. 

128,219, 370 n 

-, Sir Ambrose, of Betchworth, 

I 305, 329 

■, Sir Richard,temp. Elizabeth and 

James I., ii. 172 

Browne, Serjeant, a commissioner at 
Newport, iii. 48 ; iv. 185 n 

, Sir Richard, Ambassador to 

France, father-in-law of Mr. Evelyn, 
references to, i. 44, 245, 250, 257, 
258, 269, 271, 274, 282, 283, 337, 
343 n ; ii. 33, 56, 58, 88, 98 ; iv. 190, 
191 ; uncle to tlie Countess of Car- 
narvon, iv. 1 1 5 n ; letter to, from 
Elector PalatiQe, 339 ; King Charles 

the First's instructions and letters to, 
on being sent to Elector Palatine, 
328 ; on going Ambassador to France, 
330 ; directing him to revive claim 
to Queen Henrietta's dowry, 332 ; 
about the Parliament's agent in 
France, 333 ; on Queen Henrietta's 
Capuchins, 1334 ; transports arms, &c., 
341 ; baronetcy conferred on (1644), 
342 ; correspondence with Sir Edward 
Hyde on afifaii-s of Charles II., 231— 
323 ; great distress, 244, 255, 339— 
346 ; indebted for rent at Paris, 264, 
271 ; rent discharged by Sir R. 
Foster, 273, 275, 281 ; his enemies, 
247 u, 288 u ; difficulties of tlie cor- 
respondence, 245, 251 ; warned of 
Mr. Holder, 261 ; sends a present to 
Charles II. at Paris, 288 ; sends 
money to Charles 11., 290—297, 304 ; 
sends a present of money to Sir 
Edward Hyde, 296, 297 ; desires in- 
structions about Cromwell's minister 
at Paris, 310 ; about his continuing at 
Paris, 31 6, 31 8 ; anxious lestCharlesI. 
should dispose of Sayes Court, 335 ; 
selection from his correspondence, 327 
— 353 ; his support of the Church 
while abroad, i. 258, 270 n, 337 ; ii. 
172 ; iv. 281, 352 ; disappointed of 
the wardeusliip of Merton College, 
Oxford, i. 346 ; resigns the clerkship 
of Council, ii. 68 ; master of the 
Trinity House, 82 ; his death and 
funeral, 171 ; eulogium on, 171, 172 ; 
debts owing to, from the crown, 266 ; 
despatches of, iii. 262 ; letters of Mr. 
Evelyn to, iii. 5 — 54, 101 

Browne, Lad^j i< 256, 279 ; her death, 

, Sir Thomas, il 65, 383 ; hia 

curiosities, 66 

Browuists, accuse King Charles I. of 
Popery (1641), iv. 71 ; founder of the 
sect, ib. ; object to Common Prayer, 72 

Brownrigg, Dr. Ralph, Bishop of Exe- 
ter, iii. 301 ; iv. 72, 82 n 

Bruce, Robert, Lord, i. 204, 312 ; ii. 
1 92 ; accoimt of, i. 404 

Bruges, notice of, i. 36 

Drunker, Mr., iv. 100 

Brussels, account of, i. 33 — 35 ; ii. Ill 

, "The late News from Brussels 

unmasked" (1660), i. 336 and u ; it. 

Buat, Mons., brother to Admiral Yaa 
Tromp, ii. 20 



Bucentaur, the Doge's vessel, at Venice, 
i. 208 

Buchanan, George, portrait, ii. 37 n 

Buckhurst, Thomas Sackville, Lord High 
Treasurer, iii. 301 

Buckingham, George ViUiers, first 
Duke of, i. 310, 316 ; iii. 301 ; im- 
peached, iv. 95 n, 215 n, 340 n 

, second 

Duke, i. 253, 298, 385 ; ii. 35, 67, 
118, 136 ', iv. 263 n ; his "Reheareal" 
performed, ii. 67 and n ; his glass- 
work, 108 ; seat of, at Clifden, 133 ; 
his estate at Helmsley, 343 and n 

-, Duchess of (1686), ii. 255 

Burton, Mr. Sheriff, of Surrey, ii. 189 
, Mr., of Honson Grange, ii. 210 

Buckingham House erected, i. 288 n, 

Buckle, Sir Christopher, i. 329 

Buda, thanksgiving on the capture of 
(1686), ii. 257 ; iii. 286 

Buffaloes at Pisa, i. 90 

Bulkeley, Sir Richard, chariot invented 
by, ii. 242 ; letter, iii. 322 

— — — , Mr., a commissioner at New- 
port, iv. 1 85 n 

Bull, Mr., F.R.S., i. 351 

Bullen, Mr., iv. 274, 323 

Buonarrotti, Michael Angelo, architec- 
ture of, i. 102, 106, 111, 114 ; paint- 
ings by, 56, 93, 128, 139, 144, 188; 
ii. 342 ; sculpture, &c., of, i. 92, 95, 
124, 128, 129, 172, 188, 189, 191 ; 
ii. 270 

Burghers, Michael, engraving by, i. 
384 n 

Burial in churches censured, ii. 173, 

Burleigh, Robert Cecil, Lord, picture of, 
in mosaic, i. 39 ; portraits and letters 
of, iii. 301, 380 

, William Cecil, Lord, iv. 119 

Burleigh-on-the-Hill, i. 298 and n ; 
garden at, ii. 189 ; fire at, 374 

Biu-lington, Earl of (1682), ii. 170, 283 ; 
iii. 347, 370, 396 

Buniet, Dr. Gilbert, Bishop of Salisbury, 
Mr. Evelyn contributes to his " His- 
tory of the Reformation," ii. 155 ; iii. 
380 ; his preaching, ii. 93 ; sermons 
by, ii. 167, 291, 295, 305, 348, 358 ; 
funeral sermon for Mr. Boyle, 316; 
" Pastoral Letter " burned, 323 ; por- 
trait, 299 ; various references to, ii. 
7 n, 71 n, 81 n, 85 n, 131 n, 142, 
147 n, 179 n, 204 n, 252 n, 254 n 

Burrow Green, Cambridgeshire, Mr. 
Hingsby's house at, ii. 47 and n 

Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk, abbey and 

town of, ii. 110 
Busby, Dr. Richard, theatiical per* 

formance of, i. 421 
Bushel, — , iii. 37 
Bushell's Wells at Enstone, Oxfordshirej 

i. 383 and n 
Butler, Mrs., ii. 94 n, 
Byron, Sir John, first Lord, i. 273 ; 

iv. 128 n ; family seat at Newstead 

Abbey, i. 299 
, Lord, iv. 303 n 

Cabinets of inlaid leather, L 266 J 

Indian, 364 
Cade, Dr., a Commissioner of Greenwich 

Hospital, ii. 344 n 
Cadiz, bombardment of (1695), ii. 337 
Caen, town and abbey of, i. 61, 62 
Caernarvon, Robert Dormer, Eai*l of, 

directed to attend Parliament, iv. 115, 

124 ; killed at the battle of Newbury, 

115 n 

, Charles Dormer, Earl of, i. 

239, 405 

Caesar, C. Julius, Emperor of Rome, 
obelisk erected to, i. 1 1 9 

, Augustus Octavianus, Emperor 

of Rome, i. 171 ; see Augustus 

Cagliari, Paolo, called Veronese, paint- 
ings by, i. 55—57, 189, 201, 207, 

Cajetan, Cardinal, his palace, i, 170 

Calais, notices of, i. 40, 252 

" Chalcography, History of," by Mr. 
Evelyn (1662), various notices of, i. 
344, 364 ; ii. 392, 395 ; iii. 304, 318 

Caldwell, Mrs., married to Mr. George 
Evelyn, i. 1 3 ; ii. 354 and n 

Calendar, Earl of, enlists in Charles I.'s 
cause, iii. 15 n 

Caligula, C, Emperor of Rome, bridge 
of, i. 158 

" Calisto," a comedy performed at 
Court (1674), ii. 94 ; accoimt of it, ib. 

Cambridge, remarks on the colleges, 
i. 303 

Camden, William, Clarencleux King of 
Arms, iii. 145, 301, 372 ; his 
"Britannia" (1695), additions to Sur- 
rey, furnished by Mr. Evelyn, ii. 334 
, Lady, her seat at Brook, i. 298 

Camomile flowers, fumes of, for the 

head-ache, i. 250 
Campania, notice of, i. 149 



Campanile at Pisa, i. 89 

Canipauilla, « De Subjugandis Belgis " 

quoted, iil 131 
Campion, Edmund, his portrait, L 1 67 
Campo di Fiori at Rome, i. 167 
Campo Martio at Viuceuza, i. 221 
Campo Martius at Geneva, i. 241 
Campo Santo at Pisa, L 89 ; at Rome, 

Campo Scelerato at Rome, i. 112 
Campo Vaccino at Rome, L 1 03, 1 04, 1 60 
Can, Dr., senuon by, ii. 197 
Canary mercliauts desire a new charter, 

I 385 
Cannes, notice of the town of, i. 82 
Cannon, of leather, L 41 ; remarkable 

one at Ghent, 36 ; at Havre, 61 ; at 

Venice, 208 
Canterbury, Archbishop of, order about 

his jurisdiction, iv. 98 
Canterbury Cathedral, notices of, i. 37, 

Capel, Arthur, Lord, i. 310 ; iii. 14,28 ; 

iv. 105 n, 134 n ; his trial and death 

(1649), i. 248, 249 and u, 338; ii. 

, Sir Hemy, afterwards Lord Capel 

of Tewkesbury, ii. 23, 130,231, 318, 

326, 379 ; his house at Kew, 122, 

188, 272 ; letter from, iii. 287 
, Arthur, created Earl of Essex 

(1661), L 347 
Capeilus, Mons., iu 299 
Capitol at Rome described, i. 104 — 106 
Caprarola, palace of, near Rome, L 184 
Capua, notice of, i. 1 49 
Capuchins at Rome, i. 1 68 ; Queen Hen- 
rietta's cloister of, complained of, iv. 

51 n ; recommended to be dissolved, 

73 ; proceedings iu ParUament about, 

109 and n, 334 
Carabines, manufactory of, at Brescia, 

i. 223 
Caracci, Agoetino, gallery painted by, i. 


, Annibal, paintings of, i. 107, 

144, 168, 184, 193,343,354 

-, Ludovico, fresoo-paioting by, i. 


Caravaggio, Polydore Caldara, i. 109, 

Cardenas, Don Alonzo, Spanish Ambas- 
sador, iv. 54 n, 175 n 

Cardi, Ludovico, called Cigali, i. 55 

Cardigan, Tliomas Brudenell, Earl of, 
his creation (16C1), i. 347 

Cardinal's hat given at the Vatican, i. 1 1 8 

Carew, family and seat at Beddington, i. 
329 ; ii. 331, 361 and n 

■, Mr., a performer on the harp. 

i. 251 

, John, regicide, executed, i. 341 

Carey, Patrick, brotlier of Lord Falk- 
land, i. lol 

,Mr8., i. 308,319 

Carle, Dr. Walter, Bishop of Winchester, 
iv. 99 n 

Carlingford, Lord, ii. 58, 380 ; new fuel 
projected by, 26 

Carlisle, James Hay, Earl of, iii. 301 ; 
iv. 75 n 

Charles Howard, Earl of, his 

creation (1661), L 347, 416 ; com- 
plained of as Ambassador, 373 

Garrison of, Parliament pays 

off, iv. 65 ; surrender of, 164 n 
, Lucy Percy, Couutess Dowager 

of, iii. 37 ; iv. 75 
Carmarthen, Thomas Osborne, Lord 

(1701), ii. 302, 303, 364 
Carnivals at Naples, i. 1 52 ; at Rome, 

174 ; at Venice, 205, 216 
Caroline of Braudenburgh, Queen of 

George IL, ii. 24 n 
Carolus Quintus, a captured vessel, i. 

Carr, Sir Robert, i. 379 ; pilloried for a 

libel, ii. 32 
, William, Lord, of Cessford, iv. 64, 

Carrara, marble quarries at, i. 88 
Carshalton, Surrey, i. 329 
Carte, Thomas, " Life of James Duke of 

Orniond " referred to, iv. 204 n, 21 7 n 
Carteret, Sir George, Treasurer of the 

Navy and Vice-Chamberlain, i. 252, 

339, 361, 367, 370, 377 ; ii. 68, 258 ; 

iv. 231, 235 — 238, 246, 256 — 

262, 265, 269—273, 289, 303, 323; 

services to Charles IL, 238 n, 246 n, 

280 n ; account of, i. 406 ; bis daugh- 
ters, i. 370, 375 
Carthusian Church and Monastery, i. 

Cartwright, Colonel, ii. 60 

, Dr., Archdeacon of St. 

Alban's, his library, ii. 276 

-, Dr., Dean of Ripon, Sermon 

by, ii. 256 

-, William, his ** Royal Slave," 

i. 421 
Casaubon, Isaac, hints for a treatise 

«' De Baculis," left by, iii. 220 
, Dr. Meric, correspondence on 



his father's treatise "De Baculis," &c., 
iii. 220—225, 246 
Cascade of the Anio, i. 181 
Casliiobury, Hertfordshire, seat of the 

Earl of Essex, ii. 1 40 
Casimir, John 11., King of Poland, iv. 

2-20, 221 
Castelfranco, Giorgione da, L 198 
Castel-Melior, Count de, his character, 

&c.,ii. 118,227 
Castile, Don Michael de, iv. 317, 318 
Castillion, Dr., Prebendary of Canter- 
bury, sermon of, ii. 107 
Castle, Mrs., her marriage, ii. 189 
Castlehaven, the second Earl, his ar- 
raignment and execution, i. 6, 400 

, Lord, iL 170, 176 

Castlemaine, Lady, satire on, &c. ii. 33 

Castlenau, Marquis of, iv. 236 n, 255, 

263,272,292, 293; admits Charles Il.'s 

cruisers into France, 263 

Castles, notices of, i. 19, 28, 29, 38, 40, 

41, 55, 61, 62, 69, 70, 75, 79, 82, 150, 

223, 236, 252, 298, 300 ; ii. 235. 

See Fortifications 

Cat, singular one at Orleans, i. 403 ; 

another called the Mocock, 320 
Catauea, earthquake at (1693), iL 323 ; 

iii. 327 
Catharine, Infanta of Portugal, Queen 
of Charles II., various references to, 
i. 363, 365, 331, 418 ; ii. 5, 16, 23, 45, 
65, 56, 57, 127, 176, 184, 282; arrival 
of, i. 358. 363 ; her person, 363 ; 
furniture of, 364; procession on the 
Thames in honour of, 367 ; her toilet, 
364; iL 83 ; birth-day of (1668), ii. 
35; (1672), 80; (1684), 200; grief on 
Charles's death, 206, 209, 212 ; re- 
mains in England, 274 
Catharine Hall, Cambridge, i. 304 
Cathedrals, notices of, in England, i. 37, 
38, 289, 292, 294, 296, 297, 300, 301, 
302 ; ii. 235 ; abroad, i. 31, 34, 42, 46, 
57,74,77,78,80,81,89, 97,151,184, 
223, 224, 242, 244, 403 ; St Peter's 
at Rome, 120 — 124; St. John Lateran, 
Catiline, Tragedy of, ii. 36 
Cats, remarks on the sight of, iii. 209 
Catta Malata, equestrian statue o^ i. 

Cavalfrizzo at Florence, i. 95 ; at 

Naples, 152 
Cave, Sir Richard, iv. 329 

, Dr., sermon of, ii. 1 39, 385 

Cecil, Robert, Earl of Salisbury, his 

portrait and letters referred to, L 39 ; 
iii. 301, 380 

Cedar of Bermuda, iii. 259 

Centi Camerelli, notice of the, i. 161 

Cercean Promontory, &c. i. 147 

Cesare, Giuseppe, called D'Arpino, 
paintings of, L 105, 109, 121, 127, 

Cestius, C, tomb of, at Rome, i. 165 

Chamberlain, Captain, iv. 272 n 

Chambers, Mr., iv. 338 

Chambourg, palace of the French Kings 
at, i. 69 

Chamois goats, account of, i. 236 

Champneys, Justinian, his imprison- 
ment and poi'trait, ii. 365 n 

Chandos, Duke of, carving of Gibbon 
bought by, \i. 54 n 

Chanterell, Mr., portrait of Mr. Evelyn 
by, i. 5 

Chaplin, Dr., said to be the author of 
the " Whole Duty of Man," ii. 312 

Chapman, Captain, iv. 236 n 

Chardin, Sir John, references to, ii. 145, 
188, 191, 194, 195, 257, 266, 269, 
374 ; notice of, 385 

Charenton, Protestant Church at, i. 57 ; 
monument there, 254 ; zealots of, 
iv. 314 

Chariot invented by Sir R. Bulkeley, ii. 

Charitable Uses, &c., Commission of 
inquiry concerning, i. 365, 368 

Charite, Hospitals of La, i. 49, 78, 256 

Charles T., King of England, references 
to, L 12,14, 38, 227, 245, 248, 299, 
372 ; ii. 136, 270, 273 ; iiL 301 ; iv. 
227 n, 232, 328 n ; visits Oxford 
with the Queen (1636), i. 420 ; pro- 
cession (1 640) to the Short Parliament, 
L 12 ; on his return from the North, 
14 ; on proclamation of peace (1642), 
38 ; in the Isle of Wight, iii. 5 ; 
martyrdom of (1649), L 248; paintings, 
&c., dispersed, 249 ; restoration of 
ditto, 338 ; his effigies thrown down, 
251 ; daily forms of Prayer ordered 
by, 270 ; his burial-place, 288 ; his 
murderers tried and executed, 341 ; 
Fast on his Martyrdom ordered 
(1661), 345; prayers used on it 
altered (1689), and Dr. Sharp's ser- 
mon on, ii. 29 1 ; sermon on, by Ste- 
phens (1700), 357 : Private Corre- 
spondence widi Sir Edward Nicholas, 
iv. 47 — 185 ; his instructions to Sir 
Richard Browne, on his going to 



Elector Palatine, 328 ; as Ambassador 
to France, 330 ; letters to and from 
Secretary Nicholas, 47 — 185 ; de- 
parture for Scotland, 49, 50 ; engages 
four Irish regiments for Spanish 
service, 54 ; a general pardon pub- 
lished, 58, 59 ; an attack on tlic deer 
in Windsor Forest, 60, 63 ; forfeiture 
of Londonderry, 61 ; his Scottish 
affair, 68 ; coniidence in Sir H. Vane, 
62 ; act of tonnage and poundage, 6;{; 
the disposal of his collar of rubies, 69, 
73, 90, 103; suspected of popery, 71 ; 
the vacant Bishopricks, 72, 98 ; and 
on Common Prayer, 72 ; recom- 
mended to dissolve cloister of Capu- 
chins, 73 ; refers the matter to the 
Queen, i6. ; commands certain Lords 
to attend in Parliament, 74 ; his plans 
for countermining plots of the Fac- 
tions, 76, 80, 85, C9, 117; treacherous 
counsellors about his person, 77, 103, 
115 ; Lord Mayor desires to attend 
him through London, 78, 86, 110, 113, 
124 ; fills up the vacant Bishopricks, 
82; advised to prorogue Irish Par- 
liament, 87 ; firm in the doctrines 
of the Church, 88, 97, 99, 160 ; 
directs Lord Bristol to renew a dis- 
pute between the two Houses, 95 ; 
anecdote of, respecting Ireland, 98 n ; 
on House of Peers choosing their own 
speaker, 99 ; supports tlie Bishops' 
votes, 99, 100; division in his council- 
board, 103; letter to Queen Henrietta, 
ib. ; anxious to stop the progress of 
Commons' remonstrance, 117; pardons 
the thirteen Bishops, 118, 123; 
declares against orders of Parliament 
made without him, 124 ; gentry of 
Hertfordshire welcome him, 127, 132; 
his return, 133 ; speeches by Mayors 
of different towns on his return from 
Scotland, 133 n ; his military affairs 
decline, 1 35 n ; his memorial for the 
treaty of Uxbridge, 140; letter on 
Parliament's treatment of Queen 
Henrietta's Capuchins, 334 ; French 
Queen sends money to, 341 ; arms, 
&c. Bent to (1643) from France, 342 ; 
orders a fast on the treaty of Uxbridge, 
136 ; directs Sir Edward Nicholas 
to talk with the Parliament's Com- 
missioners on their rebellion, 137 ; 
determines not to treat without 
Marquis Montrose, 135, 138 ; direc- 
tions, &c. about treaty of Uxbridge, 

137 — 139 ; his Memorial on Religion 
and the Militia, 140 ; his retreat from 
Oxfordshire to Bewdley, ib. ; defeats 
Waller at Cropredy Bridge, 141 n ; 
state of affairs before the Battle of 
Marston Moor, ih. ; directs Prince 
Rupert to relieve York, 142 ; coimcil 
of war held at Oxford daily, 141 n ; 
ditto on Parliament's propositions 
(Dec. 1644), 143, 144; state of his 
army (June, 1645), and anxiety to 
relieve Oxford, 147 — 149; plans 
before battle of Naseby, 151 and n ; 
proceedings after that battle, 152 n ; 
determines to adhere to the pro- 
positions at Uxbridge (Aug. 1645), 
156 ; his intercepted private corre- 
spondence published, 156 — 161 ; his 
contempt for the Parliament, 157 ; 
route from Bridgenorth to Newark, 
158 ; constant to the Church, his 
friends, &c., 160 ; state of his affairs, 
ib. ; displeasure at surrender of 
Bristol (Sept. 1645), 163, 164; orders 
Oxford to be cleared of disaffected, 
167; his intention of joining Montrose, 
] 68 ; observation on the conduct of 
Sir E. Herbert, 169 ; his design to 
break through the rebel army to 
Oxford, 170 ; writes to Sir Henry 
Vane the younger, 172; t.iken prisoner 
by Colonel Hammond, 1 74 n ; direc- 
tions for the surrender of Oxford, 176; 
anxiety about his cabinet, 178 and n ; 
reasons for his sending his propositions 
to London (1646), 179; letter to 
Speaker, for his Chaplains to attend 
him, 181; thanks Sir Edward Nicholas 
for his services, 184 ; speech to Com- 
missioners at Newport (Dec. 1648), 
185; libel against, by Marsys, 190 
Charles II., King of England, references 
to, i. 252, 253, 332 n, 342, 346, 347, 
350—360, 366 n, 370—395 ; ii. 2—7, 
20—26, 34, 38, 51—57, 61-65, 70, 
71,74—78, 92—96, 127, 134, 135, 
148, 177—187, 228; crowned by 
the Marquis of Argyle, iv. 80 n ; 
his education, 105 n; his servants 
examined by the Parliament, 109 ; 
his tutors and residence, 154 n ; 
letters on his affairs (1641-59), 233 
— 323 ; goes from Jersey to Paris, 
233 ; at St. Germain's, 349 ; letters 
of Sir Edward Nicholas on his affairs 
(1649), 191 — 194; documents respect- 
ing his counsellors, 194 ; letters on 



his affairs in Scotland, 194 ; to Mrs. 
Twisdeii, about the George and seals 
of King Charles I., 196 ; to Mr. 
Hinton, respecting bills of exchange 
for his use, 197 ; to Sir John Gren- 
ville, to procure arms, &c., 198 ; 
accused of popery, 237 ; expedition 
to Scotland alluded to, 194 n, 352, 
353 ; letter to Sir Edward JNicholas 
(1652), on his affairs, 201 ; notices of 
his coui't at Cologne, 223 n ; anecdote 
of the King and Killegrew, 225 n ; 
letter from the States of Holland, 
&c., concerning his residence at 
Tilling, 226 ; design of putting places 
in Scotland and Ireland into hands of 
Holland, 248 ; thanks Borell, Dutch 
Ambassador in France, for kindness, 
241, 252 ; his answer to complaint of 
Venetian Ambassadors against his 
Envoy, 249, 250 ; hopes from the 
German Princes (1652), 258 n; French 
King and Queen pay a visit to, 261 n ; 
indignity offered to his cruisers at 
Brest, 262 ; English journals cari- 
cature his Court, 263 n ; fleet under 
Prince Rupert, 267 — 270 n ; pro- 
ceedings ridiculed in English prints, 
272, 273, 275 n ; his distresses in 
exile (1652), 244, 245, 253 n, 254 n, 
256-258 ; (1653), 261, 264 n, 290 ; 
(1655), 301 ; letter to Sir E. Nicholas 
(Sept. 1653), 202 ; at Chantilly, 289 ; 
Sir Richard Browne sends money to, 
290—297,304; (1654), designs leaving 
France, 299 ; letter to the Duke of 
Gloucester, on attempt to pervert his 
religion, 203 ; at Cologne, 223 n ; 
shipping shut out from Brest, 303, 
306 ; (1655). at Frankfort, 305 andn ; 
anxious to get into Flanders, 307 ; 
(1655-6), discharges a debt due to 
Monsieur Marces, 304, 308 ; difficulty 
in keeping his adherents together, 
309 ; (1656), state of his affairs, 317— 
320 ; escape of, after the battle of 
Worcester, i. 271 — 273; iii. 263; 
Mr. Evelyn's letter in defence of, 
against a pretended paper from 
Brussels, i. 136 ; his declaration to 
Parliament, &c., and address to, ib. ; 
triumphal return of, to London, 337 ; 
Mr. Evelyn's correspondence with 
Col. Morley, previous to the Restora- 
tion, 422 ; " Mystery and Method of 
his Restoration," 425 n ; entertained 
at Guildhall, 338 ; touches for the 

evil, ib. ; his speech to Parliament, 
339; Peers, &c., created by, 347 ; 
account of his progress and coro- 
nation (1661), 348—351 ; Mr. Evelyn's 
« Panegyric" on it, 351; ii. 391, 395; 
iii. 132 ; opens Parliament, and 
declares his intention of marrying, 
i. 352 ; miniature painting pi-esented 
to him by Mrs. Evelyn, ib. ; day of 
his Restoration kept, ib. ; sailing 
match with the Duke of York, 354 ; 
design of rebuilding Greenwich Palace, 
361 ; marriage with Catharine of 
Portugal, 363 ; in danger at sea, 365; 
commends Mr. Evelyn's writings, 
and explains his plan of building 
Whitehall, 384 ; favour to the Royal 
Society, 367 ; visit to Mr. Evelyn, 
374 ; thanks him for his " Mystery of 
Jesuitism," 389 ; prorogues the Par- 
liament (16€5), 390 ; visits the fleet 
after victory (1665), 395 ; gracious 
reception of Mr. Evelyn after the 
plague, ii. 2 ; proclamation of, at the 
Fire of London, 11 — 16; orders 
thanksgiving after fight with the 
Dutch (1666), 5 ; visits the fleet, 6 ; 
assumes the Persian habit, 17 ; dines 
in ancient state, 27 ; gaming and 
gaiety at Court, 22, 32 ; commands 
Mr. Evelyn to write the " History of 
the Dutch War," 46, 51, 55, 90—92 ; 
at Newmarket, 48, 63 ; at Euston, 
with Mad. Querouaille, 63 ; conduct 
of, to Lord Arlington, 70 n ; visits the 
fleet, 77 ; attachment to Mrs. Frances 
Stuart, 91 n ; his library at White- 
hall, 146 ; the Rye House Plot, 181; 
profligacy of his Court, 203, 210; 
sickness and death, 204, 205 ; conduct 
in his last hours, 206 ; character of, 
206, 237; funeral of, 211; papers 
proving him to be a Roman Catholic, 
237—239 ; iii. 279 n ; anniversary of 
his Restoration neglected (1 686), ii. 254; 
(1692), 320 ; causes of his death, 332 ; 
order of Regicides for his apprehen- 
sion, iii. 263 
Charles IIL, of Spain, in England (1704), 
ii. 372 

v., statue of, i. 36. ; his horse- 

armour, 188 ; hearse, or trophy of, 

IX., letters of, referred to, iii. 


Charles Gustavus X., King of Sweden, 
iv. 220, 223, 305, 314 

B B 



Charles, ship of 110- uns, lauuching of, 
ii. 32 

Cbtflet, Dr., iii. 359 

CharletoQ, Dr., his lecture on the heart, 
ii. 174 ; noticed, 386 ; iv. 9 

, Mr., ii. 106, 260, 306, 316; 

iii. 299, 315 

Charlton, Robert, of Whitton, iv. 73 n 

Charlton, Kent, Sir H. Newton's house 
at, i. 278, 285, 310, 381 

Charmont, notice of, i. 70 

Chamock, Robert, executed, ii. 340 n 

Charter-House, London, i. 319 

Charte of the British Coast, ii. 171 

Chasteauneuf, Mons. le, iv. 319 u 

Chastre, Claude de La, i. 77 

CliAtelets at Paris, i. 49 ; question given 
at the, 264 

Chaucer, Geoffrey, referred to, i. 289 ; 
iii. 301 

Chavigny, Mons. de, iv. 34 1 

Chaworth, Lord, i. 299 

, Dr., i. 376 

Cheapside Cross destroyed, i. 39, 297 

Cheke, family of, seat at Burrow-green, 
ii. 47 

Chelsea, Duke of Buckingham's House, 
&c. at, ii. 127, 129, 136, 183 ; Apothe- 
caries' Garden at, 230 ; Wiustauley's 
water-works there, 343 

Chelsea College, prisoners-of-war con- 
fined at, i. 389, 392 ; given to the 
Royal Society, ii. 29, 39 ; purchased 
to erect the Royal Hospital, 159, 163, 
166, 169 

Cheney, Lord, and bis son, ii. 303, 320, 

Chenonceau, Castle of, i. 75 

Chepstow Castle stormed, iii. 21 

Chester, the King's intent of nuinmoning 
(1645), iv. 145; loss of, 180 

Chesterfield, Pliilip Stanhope, Earl of, 
i. 250,408; ii. 42,47, 138 

Ghetto di San Felice at Venic, i 205 

(^hetwin, Mr., sermon of, ii. 262 

Cbevreuse, Duchess of, iv. 319 n ; 
Parliament discovers her cypher, 130; 
anecdote of, ib. 

Chevreux, notice of, i. 73 

Chiclieley, Sir Thomas, ii. 7, 9, 49, 

Chichester, Francis Leigh, Lord Duns- 
more, Earl of, iv. 135 n, 143 

Chiesa Nova, at Rome, L 108, 132, 136, 

Chiffinch, &Ir. Thomas, the King's closet 
keeper, i. 358 ; letter to, from Mr. 

Evelyn, on catalogue of the King's 
curiosities, iii. 1 35 and n 
Child, Sir Josiah, his great wealth and 

seat, ii. 173 
Chillingworth, William, iii. 301 
Chilatou, Kent, seat of Mr. Hales at, ii. 4 
Chimes, at Amsterdam, i. 24, 402 ; at 

Venice, 198 
China, curiosities from, i. 379 ; account 
of, by Mr. Vander Douse, translated 
by Mr. Evelyn, iii. 1 37 ; list of books 
on, then published, ib. n 
Cliiswell, Richard, bookseller, iii, 381 
Chiswick, Lady Fox's house at, ii. 169, 

Chi Vali, licentious custom of, at Padua, 

i. 215 
Choppines of the Venetian ladies, i. 203 
Choquex, Mons., iv. 256, 264, 286', 293 
Christ Church, Loudon, attendance of 

the gi-andees, iii. 55 
Christ Church, Oxford, i. 292 
Christ College, Cambridge, i. 304 
Christ's Hospital, at Rome, account of, 

i. 145 ; in London, 319 ; ii. 263 
Christina, Queen of Sweden, ii. 24, 148, 
149; iv. 205—216, 224, 226, 305 ; 
gives an assignation to French 
Ambassador, 205 ; anecdotes of, ib. n ; 
her meeting with Prince of Coudi, 
218 ; at Brussels (1654), 221 
Christmas Eve, ceremonies on, in Rome, 

i. 135 
Christmas Day, in Rome, i. 106, 107, 
136 ; prohibited in England, i. 284, 
287,306, 311,323 
Chrysostom, St. John, his " Comment on 
the Gospel," i. 97 ; his " Golden Book 
on Education," translated by Mr. 
Evelyn (1659), 326 n, 329 ; ii. 391, 
395; iii. 112,337 
Church of England, splendour of the 
ritual in 1638, i. 10 ; service and 
clergy of the, suppressed, 250,258, 267, 
276, 283, 286, 287, 306, 310, 311, 31 7, 
323, 327, 332, 338 ; innovations of 
the Parliament in the (1 64 1), iv. 65 n, 
66 and n, 68 and n, 72, 95. 1 36 ; pro- 
tested against by the Lords, 68 ; pro- 
tection of, by Charles L, 88, 96, 99, 
160 ; collection for persecuted miuis- 
tersof the (16.58),i 327; state of, under 
the Commonwealth, iii. 67, 68, 108 ; 
controverey of Papists with, i. 338 ; 
iii. 139—142, 231—238; restoration of 
the, i. 339, 366 ; ii. 45 ; missionary of 
the, i. 357 ; Asian Churches' sub- 



scription to the, 370 ; excellence of 

the, ii. 239 ; danger of, from the 

Papists, 277, 281 n 
Churches in Italy, measures of, i. 194 
Churchill, Fraucis Spencer, Barun, i. 

383 n 

■ •, Sir Winstan,ii. 318 

— , Gen., made Lieutenant of the 

Tower, ii. 376 

Mr., his collection of curiosi- 

ties, ii. 338 

— , Mrs., ii. 249 

Church-music, dispute on, i. 20 ; alter- 
ation in, 372 

Churchyards in Norwich, ii. 66 

Ciaconio, Alphonso, on Trajan's Column, 
iii. 262 

Cicero's Palace, L 104, 158 ; tomb, &c., 

Cifaccio, a famous singer, ii. 261, 265 

Cigah. See Cardi, Ludovico 

Circumcision, Jewish Ceremony of, at 
Rome, i. 137 

Circus Caraealla, i. 165 

Circus Maximus at Rome, L 106, 129, 

Cisii, Signior Pietro, ii. 35 

Citolin, M., taught Jklr. Evelyn to write, 
i. 5 

Clancarty, Earl and Countess of, ii. 279, 
310,389; iii. 347 

Clanrickarde, Ulick Bourk, Earl of, 
house at Summer-hill, i. 281 

Clapham, houses at, ii. 320, 362, 389 

Clare, John Holies, Earl of, L 299 ; 
protest, iv. 68 n 

Clare, Dr., i. 272 ; sermon by, ib. 

Clare Hall, Cambridge, i. 304 

Clarendon, Edward Hyde, Earl of. Lord 
Chancellor, i. 252, 265,344, 345, 351, 
357, 365, 368, 375, 378, 382, 384 ; ii. 
4, 7,8, 20—23, 31, 240 n, 373 ; iii 
145, 153, 165 n ; attempts to remove 
him from the office of Chancellor 
(1656-7), i. 347 n; his daughter's mar- 
riage to the Duke of York, 341 ; ir. 
321 ; elevated to the Peerage, i. 347 ; 
visits Mr. Evelyn in state, 367 ; re- 
marks by Mr. Evelyn in vindication 
of him against Sorbiere, iii. 145 ; 
letter of Mr. Evelyn to, 189—192; 
portraits worth collecting, proposed 
to him by Mr. Evelyn, ii. 36 n ; iii. 
301, 302 ; collection formed by, ii. 36 ; 
iiL 295, 301 ; impeached by the Par- 
liament, and the Seals taken from 
him, ii. 28, 31 ; party in Parliament, 

&c. against him,i. 347 n ; ii. 28—32; 
iii. 302 ; his flight, ii. 32 ; injurious 
charges against him, &c., 184 ; his 
conduct contrasted with that of his 
supplanters, iii. 302. See Clarendon 
House, Hyde 
Clarendon, Henry Hyde (Lord Com- 
bury), second Earl, i. 382 ; ii. 5, 36, 
83, 169, 176, 178, 191, 199, 211, 240, 
268, 299, 373 ; iii. 286 ; letters of Mr. 
Evelyn to, on the " Mystery of Jesuit- 
ism," i. 387 ; iii. 149, 287 ; hints for 
a course of study, iii. 1 62 ; congratu- 
lating him, &c., 164, 168 ; opinion of 
Clarendon House, ii. 185 ; iii. 177 ; 
Lord- Lieutenant of Ireland, ii. 231, 
236, 241, 245, 247 ; his recall, &c., 
261, 262 ; letter of Mr. Evelyn to, 
on materials for his work on the Dutch 
War, iiL 242 ; corresponds with Mr. 
Evelyn on the aflairs of Ireland, &c., 
281, 285 ; refused to sit in council 
with Papists (1688), ii. 282 ; dissatisfied 
at the Revolution, iiL 289; opposed 
William's assumption of tiie Crown, 
ii. 292 ; sent to the Tower (1690), 308 ; 
bailed, 309; confined again, 311—313; 
permitted to take country air, 314 ; 
medals and library, iii. 301 

, Countess, i. 343 ; ii. 142, 

198, 217, 227, 240; iii. 188, 206, 

-, Edward (Lord Combury), 

third Earl, grandson of the Chancellor, 
ii. 242 ; iii. 286 ; his account of Den- 
mark (1687), ii. 263 ; goes over to the 
Prince of Orange, 284 

Clarendon House built, L 382 ; ii. 4, 
20, 23, 31 ; collection of pictures at, 
36 ; iii. 295, 301 ; sold and demo- 
hshed, ii. 178, 184, 197 ; Mr. Evelyn's 
opinion of the house, 185 n ; iii. 177, 

Clarges, Sir Thomas, i. 422 

, Sir Walter, ii. 332 n, 360 

Clarges Street, in London, ii. 332 n 
Clarke, Mr., player on the Irish harp, i. 
287 ; ii. 36 

, Rev. Mr., Boyle lecturer, ii. 

374 ; iii. 399 
Classics, Greek and Latin, Mr. Evelyn's 

proposal for correct editions of the, 

iiL 190 
Claude, Mons., forced to quit France, iL 

243 ; his book burnt, 253 ; account 

of, 387 

, Dr., physician, i. 335 

BB 2 



Gaodius, non-in-Iaw of Mr. Hartlib, a 
chemical adept, iii. 889, 391 

Cla^-ton, Sir John and Robert, i. 818 ; 
ii. 87, 107, 110, 129, 300 n, 335; 
house of, in tlie Old Jewry, London, 
ii. 78, 79 ; seat at Marden, 1 15, 300 n, 
861 ; account of, 116 n, 136 

' , Sir T., warden of Merton Col- 

lege, i. 346 

Clement VI IL, Hippolito Aldobrandini, 
Pope, Palace of, i. 180 

Clement, Dr., i. 8 

, regicide, executed, i. 341 

Clench, Dr., his son's early talents, ii. 
288—290 ; murder of, 288 n, 317 

Clere, Mons. St., his collections of draw- 
ings, &C., i. 259 

Clerk, George, Sheriff of London, his 
loyalty, iv. 82 

Clerkenwell, Newcastle House at, ii. 22 

Cleve, Duke of, his heart preserved, 
i. 29 

Cleveland, Thomas Wentworth, Earl of 
(1662), i. 374 ; lawsuit of,ii 18 ; no- 
ticed, 379 

, Duchess, i, 353 n ; ii. 57, 206, 

210 ; her children by Charles IL, ii. 
65, 77, 108, 136, 195, 251 

Cleveland House, ii. 20 n, 138 

Clifden, Duke of Buckingham's seat at, 
ii. 133 

Clifford, Sir Thomas, afterwards Lord, 
Treasurer of the Household, i. 385 ; 
ii. 19, 52, 55, 58, 62, 63, 73, 75, 78 ; 
iii. 242, 260 ; Lord Treasurer by the 
Duke's interest, ii. 70 n ; death of his 
eldest son, 57 ; Exchequer closed 
by his advice (1672), 70 ; inclined to 
Popery, 71 ; resigns his Treasurer's 
staff, 84 ; his engagement to the Duke 
of York affects his mind, ib. ; his life, 
and unhappy death, 85 — 88 ; iii. 241 n, 
261 ; letters of Mr. Evelyn to, 153, 
157, 213, 221, 238, 241 ; letter from, 

Clincars, a brick, i. 24, 402 

Clitberoe Castle fortified, iii. 36, 43 

Clocks, curious, i. 109, 118, 144, 175, 

Clotworthy, Sir John, iii. 33 ; accused 
of peculation, iv. 108 

Coaches in Rome,!. 120 ; in Naples, 1C2 

Coale, Mr. Gregory, ii. 20 and n 

Cock, Mr., lottery-prize gained by (1694), 
ii. 332 

Cocke, Capt, Treasurer to the Commis- 
non for sick and wounded, i. 386 

Cocke, Mr., Mr. Evelyn at law with, 
ii. 59 

Cockerel!, Mr. Samuel Pepys, original 
letters belonging to, iii. 260 n 

Cockpit, play performed there, i. 246, 361 

Coffee introduced into England, i. 10, 
400 ; Coffee-club, iii. 381 ; Coffee- 
houses established, i. 400 

Coilus, King of Britain, i. 315 

Coin, plan for reducing gold, i. 376 ; 
depreciated state of (1694), ii. 331 ; 
ditticulties in reforming it (1664), 378; 
(1695), 339 ; new coinage (1695), ib. ; 
scarcity of (1696), 342, 343 

Coins, ancient, iii. 344 ; obsen'ations on 
Roman, i. 1 82 ; collections of, iii. 299, 
300 ; Prince Henry's collection, 305 

Coke, Sir Edward, his portrait, iii. 301 ; 
library, 307 

Colbert, Jean Baptiste de, French Am- 
bassador, ii. 19, 34,63,64 

Colchester, siege of, i. 246 ; ii. 272 ; ac- 
count of, L 314 

Coldbrook, at Cashiobury, in Hertford- 
shire, ii. 140 

Coleman,executed (1678),ii. 126,127,152 

Colepeper, Sir John, Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, iv. 68 

Colepepper, Thomas and William, their 
imprisonment and portraits, ii. 365 n 

Coligni, Admiral, Gaspard, assassination 
of, a painting, i. 1 38 

College, scheme for a Philosophical and 
Mathematical one, iii. 116 — 120 

Collier, Jeremy, nonjuring clergyman, 
ii. 341 n 

Collins, Dr., of King's College, i. 304 

, Capt., sea-charts by, ii. 171, 386 
, Arthur, his " Peerage" referred 

to, ii. 1 00 n ; iv. 55 n 
Collyer, David, Earl of Portmore, his 

marriage, ii. 120, 385 
Cologne, Kings of, their bodies, i. 225 ; 

city of, addresses Charles II., 339 
Colone, Bartolomeo, statue of, i. 209 
Colonna, Connestdbile, i. 127 ; wife of 

Colonna, ii. 353 ; Vittoria, iii. 245, 296 
Colosseum at Rome, i. 1 15 
Colours of the ancients, iii. 277 
Colson, Mr. John, notice of, i. 386 
Columbus, Christopher, painting of, ii. 

Combefis, Padre Francesco, his tract of 

St. Chrysostom, iii. 337 
Comber family, of Sussex, i. 2 
Comets, notices of several (1680),ii. 155; 

(1682), 169 



Cominazzo, Lazarino, carbine-maker, i. 

Commerce of England, iii. 271 

Comminges, Gaston Jean Baptiste, 
French Ambassador, i. 374, 385, 3y5 

" Committee," a play by Sir R. Howard, 
i. 371 

Common Prayer, Book of, ordered by 
the House of Lords to be observed 
(1641), iv. 68; opposed by the 
Browuists, 72 ; denied being read 
(1644), 136 

Compagno, Hieronyma, sculptor, i. 206 

Compton, Dr. Henry, Bishop of London, 
ii. 41, 173, 176, 257 ; sermon by, ii. 
83 ; notice of, 83 n, 107, 381 

, Sir William, i. 355 ; iv. 134 

, Sir Spencer, gallantry in 

youth, iv. 208 n 

Coiially, Owen, discovers Irish Rebel- 
lion, 108 and n ; Parliament reward 
for, lb. 

Cond^, Louis, Prince of, and his party, 
referred to, i. 249, 253, 255, 279 ; iv. 
235—243 n, 254, 259 n, 261, 272, 341 ; 
meeting with Queen Christina, 218 
and n, 221 ; proceedings of (July, 
1648), 346, 349 ; professes friendship 
for Charles I., 336 ; his insurrection- 
ary army (1653), 285 n 

Confederates (1689), progress of, ii. 299 

Conflans, bathing at, i. 267 

Congreve, William, poem by. iiL 369 

Conopios, Nathaniel, a Greek, i. 10 

Conscience, liberty of, proclamation for, 
in Scotland (1687), ii. 262 ; bishops 
petitiou the King against reading the 
declaration for, 274 ; proceedings 
against them for not suflFering it to be 
read, 274 — 276 

Conservator!, apartment of the, at Rome, 
i. 105 ; procession of the, 136 

*' Consideration," Treatise on, by Dr. 
Horneck, ii. 173 and n 

Constable of the Tower ordered to reside 
in the fortress (1641), iv. 51 

Coustantine the Great, statues of, i. 106; 
arch, 116 ; palace, 124 ; obelisk, 126 ; 
churches built by, &c., 173 

Constantinople, name of an ancient coin, 
iii. 375, 381 

Convention (1689), proceedings of, as to 
disposal of the Crown, ii. 287, 291 , 293 

Convents and Monasteries, notices of, i. 
19, 29, 32, 34, 46, 72, 95, 98, 100, 
109, 112, 147, 157, 164, 166, 170, 172, 
192, 201, 207, 210, 215, 226, 227 

Conversano, Conte, iv. 350 

Convocation (1690), for reforming Lit- 
urgy, &c.,ii. 301, 30.i; (1701), notices a 
passage in a book of Dr. Davenant's, 
364 and n ; disputes in, 365 

Conway, Edward, Lord, ii. 118 ; iv. 340 

Cony, Mr., ii. 103 

Conyers, Sir Jo., examined, iv. 128 and n 

Cook, Dr. George, Bishop of Hereford, 
iv. 99 n 

, Sir Robert, i. 261 

, Mr., nonjuring clergyman, ii. 341 n 

, John, regicide, executed, i. 341 

Cooke, Col., i. 253; ii. 192 

■, Capt., an excellent singer, &c.. 

i. 306, 317 

, Mr., at Cashiobury, ii. 141 

Sir T., discovery about East 

India Company, ii. 335 
, Rev. Edward, pamphlet re- 

printed by, ii. 329 n 
Cooper, Samuel, portrait-painter, i. 360, 

•, Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord, 

creation of, i. 347 

-, Mr. Surgeon, on Mr. Evelyn's 

Tables of the Veins, &c., ii. 367 

-, Rev. Mr., FeUow of BaUol Col- 

lege, i. 10 
Coque, Mons. le, ii. 301 
Corbeil, notice of, i. 59 
Cork, Richard Boyle, First Earl of, i. 

382, iii. 396 
Corker, James, trial of (1679), ii. 131 n 
Cornaro, Helen, a learned Italian, iii. 

, family painting of, i. 328 

Combury, Lord Cornbury's house at, i. 

382 ; portraits, &c., there, iii. 301. 

See Clarendon 
Cornea, Antonio de la, painter at Rome, 

i. 182 
Cornelius Nepos, statue of, i. 222 
Cornwallis, Lord, i. 347, 416 ; ii. 148, 

202, 209 
Coronada, Don Juan Vasquez, i. 223 
Coronation and Harwich snips lost, ii. 316 
Coronation of King Charles II., i. 347^ 

Corpus-Christi day in Paris, i. 245, 266 
Correggio. See Allegri 
Corsica, Island of, i. 83 
Cortone, Pietro Berretini il, paintmgs, 

&c., by, i. 107, 109, 183, 190 
•, Dr., of Verona, i. 222 

Cosin, Dr. John, Dean of Peterborough, 
afterwards Bishop of Durham, i. 255 ; 



notice of him, 270 n ; officiated in the 
English Chspel in Paris, 258, 266, 
270, 271 n ; occasion of publishing his 
« Offices," 270,27 1 ; Mr. Eve! vn treated 
with him for the purcliase of his 
library, 277 ; iii. 807 ; letter on that 
subject, iii. 307 n ; letter to Mr. 
Evelyn, on his visiting his daughter, 
61 ; alluded to, L 304, 374 ; ii. 45 n, 
229 n ; W. 281 

Cosin, John, son of the Bishop, perverted 
to Popery, i. 273, 277 ; his letter to 
Mr. EveKn on joining tlie Iloman 
Church, iii. 58 

Cosmo II., Grand Duke of Florence, 
fine statue of, i. 188 

Cotterell, Sir Charles, ii. 35. 160 ; iv. 
205, 207, 224 ; his son, ii. 75 

Cottington, Sir Francis, Lord, sum- 
moned by the Queen (1641), iv. 84 ; 
referred to, i. 253, 265 ; iv. 93, 146 n ; 
King Charles I. requires his presence 
in Parliament, 124 ; portrait, iii. 301 

Cotton, Sir John, i. 59 ; a great Grecian, 
ii. 7 ; library, 33 ; bis relict, i. 3 n, 13 
n ; ii. 355 

— — , Sir Robert, ii 7 ; MSS. collected 
by, 33 ; portrait, iii. 301 ; medals of, 

-, Lady, christening of her daugh- 

ter, i. 247 ; birth of a son to, 277 ; 

death and funeral, 381 ; letter of Mr. 

Evelyn to, on the death of her infant, 

iii. 136 
Coorland, Duke of, iv. 139 
Course in Paris, i. 51 ; at Vincenza, 220; 

in Milan, 228 
Court of Vulcan, i. 156 
Courts in Venice, i. 201 
Covel, Dr. John, ii. 338 and n 
Covenant, Scotch, i. 40 ; burnt, 352 ; 

ordered to be alijured, 366 
Covenberg, F., painting by, i. 28 
Covent Garden, Cimrcli and Piazza of, 

copied from Legiiom, i. 91 
Coventry, city of, notice of, i. 297 ; 

address to James II. (1687), ii. 267 
Coventry, Thomas, Lord, summoned by 

the Queen (1641), iv. 84 

, Henry, iii 240, 243 

• , Sir W m., secretary to James 

Duke of York, &c., i. 253, 3.i3, 373. 

396 ; ii. 2, 27, 1 06 ; account of, i. 407 ; 

letter of Mr. Evelyn to, i. IiUroduc- 

rion/iii. 172, 243 
Cowley, Abraham, i. 374, 378 ; ii. 149 ; 
. iii. 317 ; iv. 193 ; his death and 

funeral, ii. 27 ; iii. 322 ; letter of Mr. 

Evelyn to, ii. 21 n ; iii. 194 ; letter to 

Mr. Evelyn respecting his verses on 

Royal Society, 195 ; on the treaty of 

Breda, iv. 202 n ; portrait, iii. 301 
Cowper, Mr. William (afterwards Earl 

Cow per), made Lord Keeper, ii. 375 

and n 
Cox, Capt. of the Charles, ii. 33, 71 

, Sir John, iii. 258. 

Coxhall, Rev. Mr., of South Mailing, I 5 
Craddock, Dr., Provost of Eton, ii. 133, 

135 ; sermon of, 251 
Crafford, John, notice of, i. 12 
Craubourne Lodge, ii. 90, 258 
Cranbourne, Lord, ii. 160 
Crane, Mr., Clerk of Green Clotli, i. 

342, 343, 344 
Cranmer. Thomas, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury*, iii. 301 
Craven, Vi'illiam, Lord, ii. 60 ; house at 

Caversham, i. 289 ; notice of, 410 
Creech, Rev. Thomas, letters by, iii. 267, 

Creighton, Dr., sermons by, i. 253, 358, 

374 ; ii. 88, 107, 231 • account of, 

i. 417 
Cressy, Dean, his answer to Dr. Pierce, 

i. 3*76 and n ; iii. 139, 141 
CrevecoBur, Marquis de, i. 2t)5 
Crew, Bishop of iiochester, ii. 248, 256, 

257, 259 n 

, Sir Clepesby, i. 246 

, Thomas, Lord, ci'eation of, i. 347 

, , a commissioner at Newport, 

iv. 185 n 
Crisp, Sir Nicholas, projects of, i. 310, 

Crispe, a confidential servant of King 

Charles I., iv. 73 and n 
Croft, Dr. Herbert, Bisiiop of Hereford, 

« Naked Truth " by, ii. 104 ; referred, 

Crofte, Lord, i. 253 ; ii. 110 

, Mr., iv. 263 n, 341 ; Parliament 

discovers his cypher, 1 30 ; accoimt of 
him, ib. n 
Cromlie, Col., i. 29 

Cromer, , nmsician, i. 372 

Cromwell, Thomas, Earl of Essex, por- 
trait, iii. 301 

, Oliver, iv. 180, 194 n, 202— 

215 n, 222, 226, 294, 302, 305—313 ; 
dissolves Long Parliament, 208 n, 
275 n ; assumes tlie Protectorate, 
208, 209, 294 ; his Parliament 
(1654), and its dissolution, 211 and n ; 



procures Charles II. 's cruisers to be 
shut out from Brest, 303, 306 ; sends 
a squadron to the Indies, 306 ; his 
vision, iii. 6 ; resolves to proceed to 
Ireland, 39 ; murders by his guards, 
i. 246 ; Act of Oblivion, 277 ; feasts 
with Lord Mayor on Ash Wed- 
nesday, 2<']7 ; prohibits Ministers of 
the Church from preaching, &c, 31i ; 
death and funei-al, 329, 330 ; disinter- 
ment, 345 ; allusions to, i. 275, 276, 
288, 307, 316, 319 ; ii. 352 

Cromwell, Richard, i. 331 

Croone, Dr., letter of Mr. Evelyn to, iii 

Cropredy Bridge, battle of, iv. 141 n 

Cross, fragments of the, i. 123, 128, 173; 
of St. Edward discovered, ii. 234, 

Crouch, Dr., iii. 249 n 

Crowder, Rev. Mr., i. 271 

Crowe, Sir Sackville, i. 393 

Crowne, John, masque by, at Court 
(1674), ii. 94 n 

Crowther, Mr., iv. 322 

Ci'oydon Church, monuments in, ii. 361 

Croydon, Dr., i. 266 

Crusca, Academy de la, i. 189 ; iii. 310 

Crypt of St. Peter's at Rome, i. 135 

Cudworth, Dr., sermon of, ii. 128 

Cullum, Sir Dudley, letters, iii. 331, 339 

Culpeper, Col., attack on the Earl of 
Devon, ii. 227 

Culpepper, John, Lord. i. 398 ; ii. 4, 58 ; 
iv. 135 n, 140, 143, 164 n, 199 n ; 
letter of James Duke of York to, 200 

Cuma, City of, i. 159 

Cumberland, Dr. Richard, Bishop of 
Peterborough, ii. 312, 313 and n 

Cumberland, Henry Clifford, Earl of, 
iv. 1 64 n ; summoned by tlie Queen, 84 

Cuperus, Gisbertus, on the colom's of 
the ancients, iii. 277 

Cupid and Psyche, Raffaelle's painting 
of, i. U4 

Cupola, curious effects of one on the 
voice, i. 89 

Curtius, , notice of, iv. 207 n, 213, 


, Sir William, President for 

Charles II. at Frankfort, i. 267, 382 
-, M., his place of sacrifice, i. 103 

Cutler, Alderman Sir John, patron of 
Deptford, i. 331; ii. 69, 73, 383 

Cylinder with chimes, i. 24 

Cypher, various letters in, with inter- 
pretations, iv. 137, 145—179, 246— 
254 ; notices concerning cyphers, 
153, 157—159, 164, 178, 267, 280 

Cypress Tree, remarkable one, i. 222 

Cyril, patriarch of Constantinople, L 10 

D'Ada, Ferdinand, Count, Pope'snuncio, 
ii. 247 and n, 269 and n 

Daincourt, Lord, ii. 94 n 

D'Ameron, Mons., iv. 223 

Dampier, Capt. William, notices of, ii. 
350 and n 

Danby, Thomas Osborne, Earl of. Lord 
Treasurer, ii. 162, 302 n, 303 ; iii. 
261, 308 ; imprisonment of, ii. 194 

Danes, their title to Dominion of the 
Sea, &C., iii. 268—271 

Dangerfield, whipped for perjury, ii. 226 

D'Anguien, Duke, iv. 345 

Darcy, Edwai-d, Mr. Eveljii's sister un- 
happily married to, i. 6 ; her death, 7 

Darien, Scotch book about the Colony 
of, ii. 357 and n ; Parliament votes 
against the Scotch settling in, 358 

Darneford, Magna, farm so called, i. 295 

Darnel, Rev. Mr., sermon by, i. 309 

Dartmouth, Lord, fair on Blackheath 
procured by, ii. 174 ; Master of 
Trinity House, 175, 197, 230 

Davenant, Sir William, plays, &c. by, L 
331 n, 357 n, 372 n 

, Dr. Charles, ii. 326, 389 ; con- 

Custance, Capt., knighted, i. 395 
Custom-house, rebuilt after fire, iu 62, 

Cuthbert, St, Hegge's MS. Life of, iii. 

383, 384 

vocation displeased by a book of his, 
364 and u 

Davenport, Mrs., " Roxalana," i. 359 ; 
ii. 18, 379 

D'Aviler, Mons., his book on Architec- 
ture, iii. 361 

D'A Vinson, Dr., of Paris, i. 254 

Davis, Lieut., i. 392 n 

, Mrs., ii. 18 n, 94 n 

Daun, M., ii. 326 

Dean Forest, planting of, suggested by 

Mr. Evelyn, i. 370 
Dean, West, Wiltshire, descent of the 

Evelj-ns of. Pedigree ; ii. 397. 
Deane, Mr., iv. 288 

, Sir Anthony, ii. 165 ; on mode 

of building men of war, 164 ; conver- 
sation respecting frigates, fii-e-sbips, 
&c., 304, 305, 306 

De Brie, il., iv. 224 

De Camper, Mons., iv. 271 



Declar»tion from King Charles I. (1641), 
iv. 08 ; from tlie Parliament, against 
superstitious rites, 65 n ; of the 
Commons against the Lords, 68, 69, 
7-. 74 ; of ditto on the state of the 
Kingdom, 10!) ; of ditto on the army 
for Ireland, 113 n, 111), 125: from 
Kiu;; Charles I. against Orders in 
Parliament made without him, 124 ; 
of the House of Commons on ill 
Councils, 117, 125, 130 and d, 133; 
of Freedom of tlie Ports, 318 

Decoy in St. James's Park (1665), i. 390, 

De Creete, painter, i. 294 

Dedham, Essex, notice of, i. 315 

Deepden, at Dorking, Surrey, i. 308 
and n, 381 

Deering, Sir Edward and bis daughter, 
ii. 142 

D'Harcourt, Count, Grand Ecuyer of 
France, i. 269 

Delabarr, paintings possessed hy,'i. 250 

Delamere, Henry booth, Lord (1688), ii. 

De I'Angle, M., minister of Charenton, 
ii. 177 

De Larrey, Isaac, his character of Duke 
of Richmond, iv. 69 n ; of Lord War- 
wick, 105 n ; of Sir Edward Nicholas, 
192 n 

Del Camp, M., his Equestrian Academy, 
i. 256 

Delft, i. 18 ; church and senate-house 
of, 21 ; explosion at (1654), iv. 214 

Delichio, Busqueto, bending tower built 
by, i. 185 

Demalhoy, Mr., ii. 90 

Denbigh, Basil Fielding, Earl of (1664), 
i. 382 

Denham, Sir John, i. 287, 312, 356 

Denmark, Resident of the King of, i. 
340 ; Ambassadors from, 341, 345; 
tyranny exercised in (1687), ii. 268 

, Prince Georj^e of (1662), i, 

370 ; married to Princess Anne, ii. 
li>2 ; allusions to him, 201, 202, 268 

, Christian IV., King of, iv. 
139 ; reported present to Charles II., 
262 n 

Deptford, monument at,i. 375 n ; plague 
at, i. 396 ; ii. 4, 8 ; tire in dock-yard, 
25 ; church built, ii. 354 

Derby, James Stanley, Earl of, executed, 
i. 272;; iv. 192 ; portrait, iii, 301 

Derby, William George Richard Stan- 
ley, Lord (1689), ii. 290,293 

Derby, Countess of, ii. 108, 145. 
Derby House, notice of, i. 329 n 
De Rosny, Mr., his talents, iv. 30 
DeRuyter, Admiral Michael Adrian, his 

commission to Guinea, iii. 240 
Descartes, R^n<?, iii. 296, 346, 350 
Desguynes, Connestable de, iv. 317 
D'Espagne, Mons., i. 317 
D'Este, Palace of, i. 180 
D'Estrades, Marshal, obliged James II. 

to dismiss Protestants, ii. 296 
Devereux, Lord, house at Ipswich, i. 315 
De Vic, Sir Henry, i. 35, 353, 402 ; ii. 

22 ; iv. 215, 218, 221, 318, 340n 
Devoubhire, William Cavendish, Earl of, 

afterwards Duke (1652;, i. 278, 366 ; 

ii. 293, 326, 344, 352 ; iv. 84 ; account 

of, i. 409 ; Col. Culpeper's assault on, 

ii. 227 

Christian, Countess of 

(l«62),i. 366 ; (1686), ii. 249 
De Wit faction in Holland, iv. 215 and n, 

246 n 
Diamond and Ruby ships launched, 

i. 276 
Diana, Baths of, &c., i. 160, 164 
Dichley, Sir Henry Lee's st-nt at, i. 383 
Dickinson, Dr. Edmund, ii. 374 and n 
Dieppe, i. 60 ; bombarded, ii. 331 
Digby, George, Lord, referred to, iv. 95, 
121,13.0, 143, 155, 156, 157, 165 n, 
167 u, 170, 231 ; letters to, 342—344; 
opposes " Instructions " to Commis- 
sioners at Edinburgh, 121 ; King 
Charles thanks him, ib. ; Prince 
Rupert, &c., quarrel about defeat at 
Sherbourne, 166 n 

, Mr. John, son of the Earl of 

Bristol, iv. 123, 124 

, John, Earl of Bristol, portraits, 

ii. 203 ; iii. 301. 

, Sir Everard, ii. 127 

, Sir Kenelm, i. 29, 272, 287, 291, 

353, 370 ; Mr. Evelyn's opinion of 
him, &c., 271 ; ii. 47 ; portrait, 203 ; 
library, iii 309 

, J., son of Sir Kenelm, i. 219 

Digesters, Papin's, bones dissolved by, 

ii. 166 
Dillon, Capt. in navy of Charles II. in 

exile, iv. 300, 301 
Dioclesian, C. Valerius Aurelius, Em- 
peror, bath of, at Rome, i. 1 1 1 
Diodati, Signior John, i. 238, 240, 241 
Dishington, Sir T., iv. 338 
Diskvelt, Mynbeei*, Dutch Ambassador, 
ii. 260 



Dissenters, Act of Indulgence for, 

ii. 298 
Dives, Sir Lewis, adventures of, i. 267, 

Diving Bell, trial of (1661), i. 353 
Dobson, William, paintings by, ii. 120 n, 

203 ; noticed, 387 
Dodd, Charles, his " Church History " 

referred to, iii. 108 n 
Doge of Venice, his espousal of the 

Adriatic, i. 197, 208 
Dogs, Market of, at Amsterdam, i. 23 ; 

use of, in Holland, 36 ; in Bologna, 

194 ; spaniel lost by Mr. Evelyn, 244 ; 

mention of, 367 
Dolben, Dr. John, Bishop of Rochester, 

ii. 117 n ; house at Bromley, 43 ; 

Archbishop of York, ii. 183, 243; 

death of, 252 
Dolman, XIr. Thomas, iv. 212 and n 
D'Olonne, Count, i. 268 

, Mr. Justice, ii. 133 n 

Domenico, Zampieri, called Domeui- 

chino, paintings by, i. 193 
Donatelli, statue by, i. 95 
Doncaster, notice of, i. 300 
Donghi, Cardinal, i. 98 
Donna, Count, Swedish Ambassador, 

ii. 32 
Donne, Dr. John, iv. 10 ; portrait, 

iii. 301 
Donnington, notice of, i. 289 
Dorchester, Henry Pierrepoint, Mar- 
quis of, i. 299 ; ii. 23,351 
, Countess of, ii. 120 n, 248, 

Dorell, Mr., i. 328 ; Major, ii. 77 
Dorislaus, Dr. Isaac, death of, i. 251 ; 

iiL 51, 53 
Dormitory of St. Michael, i. 194 ; 

measure of, ib. 
Dornavius's " Amphitheatrum," &c., 

iii. 194 n 
Dorset, Charles Sackville, sixth Earl of, 

ii. 85, 248, 293, 335, 344 n ; iv. 39 

, Countess of, 1657, i. 323 

, Edward Sackville, Earl of, iv. 1 49 

Dort, notice of the town of, i. 18, 29 
Douglas, Marquis of, estates in France, 

iv. 337 
Douglas, Mr., iv. 250 
, Colonel, a commander for the 

French King, iv. 337 

, Lieut.-Gen., ii. 303 

Dove, Dr., sennons by, ii. 135, 203 
Dover, Earl (1687), ii. 261, 285, 316 ; 

his daughters, i. 319, 414 

Dover, Countess of (1686), ii. 249 
Dover Castle, prisoners of war at, i. 388, 

394; iii. 156 
Dowe, Gerard, painting by, i. 343 
Downes, Mr., funeral of, i. 254 
Downing, Sir George, account of, ii. 8, 

377 ; minister in Holland, 55 ; iii. 242 
D'Oyly, Sir William, L 385 ; ii. 3, 8, 17, 

378 ; iii. 156 

Drake, Sir Francis, painting of his ac- 
tion in 1580, i. 316 ; letters, iii. 380 

Draper, William, married Mr. Evelyn's 
daughter Susanna, ii. 323, 324 ; Mr. 
Evelyn's character of his daughter, 
324 ; theii- mutual happiness, 347 n ; 
Adscomb House, &c., bequeathed to 
him by Lady Temple, 358 ; the house 
rebuilt, 368, 371 ; Treasurer of 
Greenwich Hospital, 347 n, 371 ; 
allusions to, 337, 368 

, Mrs., motlier of the preceding. 

ii. 347 n ; her death, 364 and n 

Drayton, Dr., works referred to, iii. 109 

Drebbell, Cornelius Van, chemist, ii. 8, 

Dress, various notices concerning, i. 47, 
81, 88, 118, 130, 131, 137, 139, 162, 
186, 203,237,268,363, 379 

Drogheda taken (1649), i. 254 ; surren- 
dered, ii. 308 

Dryden, John, plays by, i. 373 and n, 
378 and n ; ii. 21, 327 ; alluded to, 
ii. 90, 176 ; said to go to mass, 248 

Dryfield, Sir John Prettymau's house 
at, i. 295, 296 

Dublin surrendered, ii. 308 ; earth- 
quake at, 310 

Du Bois, John, paintings possessed by, 
i. 249, 260 ; his election, ii. 177 

Du Bosse, Abraham, engraver, i. 255 

Ducal Palace at Genoa, account of, i. 86 ; 
at Venice, 201 

Ducie, Sir William (afterwards Lord 
Downe), i. 246, 332, 331 ; notice of, 
405 ; his paintings, i. 249, 238 

Duel, fatal one (1694), iL 328 

Duerte, Signor, Antwerp merchant, i. 33 

Dugdale, Sir William, Garter King of 
Arms, i. 314, 334 ; ii. 122 ; his great 
age, 222 ; portrait, iii. 301 

, Stephen, a witness against Lord 

Stafford, il 151 
Duke, Dr., i. 399 
Dull House at Amsterdam, i. 23 
Dulwich College, ii. 101 
Dumaresque, Philip, letters to Mr. 

Evelyn, iu. 189, 227 



Damblwne, Peregrine Osbome.Viscount, 

il 94 n, 191 n ; his wife, 191 
Du Menie, chemist, fraud of, i. 266 
Dunbarton, George Douglas, £ari of, 

ii. 254 
Duncan, Rev. Dr., i. 271 n ; sermon 

of, 263 

, Mr., W. 21 

Dunconib, f;oldsmith, estate of Duke of 

Buckingltam purdiased by, ii. 343 
, Sir Sanders, i. 8 ; introduced 

sedans into Enr;Iand, 162 

-, Rev. Mr., of Albury, his ser- 

mons, ii. 331, 336 

, Rev. William, Rector of Ash- 
ted, ii. 334, 348 

, Mr., ii. 110 ; one of the Lords 

Justices in Ireland, ii. 326 
Duncunibe, Mr. Anthony, ii. 349 n 
, Charles, parliamentary pro- 
ceedings against, iii. 349 and n 

-, Sir John, ii. 7, 8, 59, 162, 

342 ; Burnet's character of him, 7 n 

Dundas, Ix>rd, ii. 100 n 

Dundonald, Archibald Cochrane, Earl 
of, his scheme of charring sea-coal 
(1785), i. 316 n 

Dunkirk, i. 37 ; Louis XIV. before 
(1671), ii. 57 

Dunluce Castle, m Ireland, i v. 119 and n 

Dunsmoro, Francis Leigh, Lord, Charles 
I. requires him to attend ParUament, 
iv. 124 

Dunstall, John, engraver, ii. 20 n 

Duport, Dr. James, Greek Professor, 
i. 352, 416 ; sermon of, ii. 78 

Duppa, Dr. Brian, Bishop of Chichester, 
ii. 148, iv. 82 n ; tutor to Prince 
Charles, 154 n ; portrait, iii. 301. 

Du Pnie, performer on the lute, iL 1 37 

Durance river, i. 80 

Durante, paintmg of, i. 1 67 

Dnras, Lewis, Earl of Feversham, ii. 
102, 202 

Durdans, at Epsom, i. 329, 368, 396 ; 

Durell, Dr., Dean of Windsor, i, 258 ; 
iL 128, 176 ; translation of the Liturgy 
into French, 45 ; account of, 382 

DUrer, Albert, drawings by, i. 56 ; prints, 
66 ; carvings, 93, 186, 308 ; paint- 
ing, 127, 133, 186, 188,308 

Durfe, Mrs., iv. 28 

Dutch, tlicir traffic in pictures, i. 21 ; 
towns, 23, 41)2 ; avarice of, 333 ; 
tmbumy to congratulate William III., 
iL 299 ; jealousy concerning the Spice 

Islands, iii. 258, 259 ; toll for the 

fishery in Scotland refused by the, 270 

Dutch Bishop, humorous story of, i. 100 

Dutch Boy, phenomena in the eyes of 

(1701), ii. 365 
Dutch Fleet, first action of the CI 664), 
L 392 n ; daring enterprise (1667), in 
the destruction of ships at Chatham, 
&c., ii. 24, 25 ; scheme of the action, 
iii. 263 and n ; completely block up 
the Thames, ii. 25 — 27 ; encounter 
with, 27 

, Vice Admiral of the, cap- 

ture and misfortunes of, i. 308 
Dutch War, vigorous prosecution of, on 
both sides (1665), i. 391 ; Mr. Evelyn's 
occupation with the, ii. 392 ; letter 
of Mr. Evel>-n to Sir T. Clifford 
respecting libels on England in rela- 
tion to, and recommending the com- 
piling of a History of it, iii. 21 3 — 216 ; 
Mr. Evelyn requested by his Majesty 
to w^rite the History, i. 394 ; ii. 38, 
46, 51, 52, 55, 62, 78 ; impeded by 
the publication of a Dutch folio, &c., 
on the subject, iii. 221—223; the 
History divided into three pai*t3 ; 
brief account of them, and of the pre- 
face, 228—231 ; great extent of the 
work, 231 ; progress hindered, 238 — 
242 ; other papers on the subject 
alluded to, 242 ; the design laid aside, 
ii 91 and n ; the MS. (as far as com> 
pleted) communicated to Mr Pepys ; 
observations respecting it; the work 
left unfinished, i. Introduction, xxviii. ; 
iiL 260. 

Earle, Dr. John. Bishop of Salisbury, 
L 245, 253, 271 n ; sermon of, 344 ; 
consecration, character, and works of, 
371, 405 ; noticed, iv. 208, 242 n,290 

Earnley, Sir J., ii. 261 

" Earth and Vegetation," Mr. Evelyn's 
« Discourse of" (1675), ii. 98, 392,396 

Earthquakes, — in England (1687), ii.266; 
at Althorpe, &c. (1690), 310 ; in 
Jamaica (1690), and in all parts of 
Europe, 321 ; at Catanea and Malta 
(1693), 324 ; at Portland (1696), 339 ; 
at New Batavia (1699), 354 ; at Rome 
(1703), 370 ; Dr. Tenison's and Mr. 
Evclvn's letters on Elarthquakes, iiL 

Easter in Rome, i. 1 76 

Eastern languages, superficial informa- 
tion of the, L 308 



East India Company, union of, &c. 
(1657), i. 322 ; prosperous, ii. 170 ; 
probable dissolution, 299 ; transac- 
tions in Parliament respecting, 319,351 

. , Dutch, i. 398 ; 

ii. 33 ; their palace at Antwerp, i. 33 ; 
account of the Company (1656), 318 ; 
yachts introduced by the, 354 

-, Scotch, ii. 3-13 

Eaton, Judge, i. 251 

Ecclesiastical atfaii-s, Commissioa for 

(1686), ii. 256 
Echo, remarkable one, i. 57 
Eclipse of the sun (1652), i. 278 
Edgehill, battle of, i. 38 
Edgman, Mr. William, iv. 274,290,295, 

352 ; fidelity to Sir E. Hyde, 243 
Education, Academic, delects of (1699), 

iii. 378, 379 
Edward the Confessor, King of England, 

crucifix and gold chain found in his 

coffin, ii. 234 and notes, 390, 391 
VI., King of England, portrait 

of, i. 249 ; MS. exercises of, ii. 147 
-, Prince, i. 255 ; iv. 345 

Edwards, Rev. Mr., of Denton, iL 331 
Egyptian Antiquities given to Mr. 

Evelyn, i. 213 
" Eilion Basilike," malicious French 

translation of, iv. 189 — 191 
Eleanor of Provence, Queen of Henry 

111., i. 301 
Elector, Charles of Bavaria, Prince 
Palatine of the Rhine, i. 255 ; iv. 49 n, 
55 n, 195 n, 248 n; Sir Richard 
Browne sent to him (1641), 328 ; 
letter of thanks to Sir Kicbard Browne, 
339 ; joins the Parliament, 340 n ; 
comes to London (1644), 344; ingrati- 
tude to Charles I., 243 n 
Elector Palatine, Frederick, i. 400 
Elephant of a monstrous size, i. 20 
Eliot, Mr., of the bedchamber, ii. 63 
Elizabeth, Queen of England, Dutch 
hospital founded by, i. 22 ; portrait 
of, 249 ; head of, cut in sardonyx, 
282 ; her effigies unlmrt by the fii*e 
(1666), ii. 14 ; referred to, i. 316 

, Princess, daughter of Queen 

of Bohemia, iii. 296 
EUesmere, Sir Thomas Egerton, Lord, 

Lord Chancellor, iii. 301 
Elliott, Mr. Thomas, iv. 96, 98 n, 161 
Ellis, Mr., a scrivener, ii. 116 n 
EUowes, Sir John, ii. 157 
Eltham Palace, dilapidated state of, i. 

Eltham, Sir John Shaw's house at, i. 380 

Elysian Fields, notice of the, i. 161 

" Eiysium Britannicum," Mr. Evelyn's 

collections for that work, ii. 392, 393 ; 

plan of the contents, 393, 394 
Elzevir printing-office at Ley den, i. 26 
Emanuel College, Cambridge, i. 304 
Embalming, new-invented method of, 

ii. 165 
Embassies and ambassadors attend 

Charles II. on his restoration, i. 338 

— 340 
Emerald, remarkable one, i. 87 n 
" Employment, Public, and an Active 

Life pi'eferred to Solitude," published 

by Mr. Evelyn (1667), ii. 21 and n, 

306, 392, 396 ; his letter to Cowley 

respecting, ii. 21 ; iii. 194, 196 
Enfield CJiace, Lord Coventry s Lodge 

in, ii. 106 
" England, a Character of" (1659), i. 344 

and n ; ii. 395 
England, New, proceedings in the colony 

of (1671-2), ii. 59— 61, 68 ; increase 

of witches in, 323 
English language, Mr. Evelyn's plan for 

improving the, iii. 159 — 162 ; society 

for,recommended by (1686), 310; such 

a society begun in 1665. 311 
English portraits collected by Lord 

Clarendon, ii. 36 andn ; iii. 295, 301; 

others worthy of being preserved, ii. 

36 n, 37 n; iii. 301; portraits by 

Holbein and others, 296 
Enhydrus, stone so called by Pliny, i. ] 29 
Eustone, Oxfordshire, Bushell's Wells 

at, i. 383 
"Epicteti Enchiridion," consolation in, 

iii. 150 
Epiphany, ceremony on the, at Rome, 

i. 136 
Episcopacy, Cromwell's opposition to, 

i. 311 ; iii. 66 n 
Epping Forest, Eai'l of Norwich's house 

on, ii. 43 
Erasmus, Desiderius, statue and birth- 
place of, i. 18 ; portrait of, by Holbein, 

Eremitano, Albert, head of, i. 210 
Erizzo, Francisco, Doge of Venice, iv. 

249, andn 

Erlack, , iv. 349 

Erskine, Mr., Master of the Charter- 
house, ii. 160 
Erwin, or Irvine, James Campbell, Earl 

of, iv. 337 
Esdras, ancient books of, i. 192 



Eaquire, pa\inent for the title, i. 341 
Easex, Robert DovertMix, Earl of, Lord 
General of the Parliament, liis esti- 
mate of the debts of the army, iv. 5*2 ; 
Scottish forces stated by, 64 u ; 
pursues tlie Royal army, 1 40 n ; Lord 
ChamberUiu (1641), Charles I.'s di- 
rections to, 1 1 3, 1 3 1 ; letter to Prince 
Rupert (Dec. 1644), 143 

, Arthur C^pel, Earl of, his crea- 
tion (1661), i. 347 ; his house, &c., at 
Cashiobury, ii. 140, 141 ; cliaracter, 
&c.. of, and his countess, 14 1 ; alluded 
to, 135, 1j5 ; not acquainted with the 
marriage of La<)y 0<<:le and Mr. 
Thynne, 159 ; conmiitted to tlic 
Tower, 178, 179 ; his death, 179, 194 
-, petition brought from, i. 246 

Essex Hou!«, notice of, ii. SO and n 
Essling, Mons., of Paris, his gardens, i. 59 
Estampes, town of, i. 67 
Estcourt, Sir William, killed, ii. '203 n 
Este, Palazzo D', at Tivoli, i. 180 

, Lucretia D', a philosopher, iii. 245 

, Princess Mary Beatrice D', 

married to James Duke of York, ii. 89 
Eucharist, doctrine of the Church of 

England on the, iii. 231—238 
Euganean Hills, notice of the, i. 219 

Evans, Rev. , ii. 110 

Eve, statue of, i. 20 1 

Evelyn, origin of the family of, and arms. 

Pedigree ; ii. 3.''7 ; i. In(rodtiction,xx.', 

French branch of, ii. 46 ; pedigree of, 

at Wotton, 394 
, Anne, daughter of Richard, of 

Woodcott, marriage of, referred to, 

ii. 36 and n 

-, Sir Edward, cousin of John, 

elected M.P., ii. 219 ; his death, 320 
-, Eleanor, mother of John, i. 1 ; 

her character, 2 ; death of, 7, 8 ; epi. 
taph {in. Introduction, xxxv. 

-, Eliza, sister of John, i. 1,6; 

ii. 35 ; tte Darcy ; her death, 7 

-, Elizabeth, second daughter of 

John, birth of, ii. 29; her maniage 
and death, 231 

>, the late Sir Frederick, i. Intro- 

duction, xxxiv.; ii. 299 u 

-, George, grandfather of John, 

i. Introduction, xx., 5 ; epitaph on, 

-, George, elder brother of John, 

birtli of, i. 1 ; letter to his fatlier 
Richard, descriptive of the visit of 
Cbarlea I. to Oxford (1636), 420; his 

marriage, i. 1 3 ; his brother John's 
present to his daughter at her christen- 
ing, 247 ; improvements by, in the 
garden at Wotton, 277; birth of a son 
to, t6. ; letter from John Evelyn on 
the death of his sou Richard, iii. 79 ; 
death of his second wife. Lady Cotton, 
i.381 ; prevented from becouiinga can- 
didate for Surrey (1685), ii. 219; de- 
Euty lieutenant of the county, 328 ; 
is death, i. Introductiun, xxv.; ii. 354 ; 
character of, and particulars of his 
family, 354, 355, 3C3 ; his property, 
various alhiMous to, i. 246, 247, 248, 
277,305,399; ii. 128 

-, Captain George, son of Sir John, 

and cousin of John, a great traveller, 
his skill in architecture, i. 249, 285 

, George, of Nutfield, cousin of 

John, deputy- lieutenant of Surrey, 
ii. 328 ; his family, 331 ; daughter of, 
maiTied, 333 ; death of, 353 

-, George, son of George, and 

nephew of John, i. 278 ; his travels, 
marriage, and death, ii. 354 and n ; 
daughters of, ib. 

, George, fourth son of John, birth 

of, i. 320 ; his death, 326 

-, Jane, sister of John, married to 

William Glanville, birth of, i. 1 ; death 
of, 273 ; allusions to, 1 5, 246, 252,261 
-, Jane, grand-daughter of John, 

ii. 316, 318 

, Sir John (sen.), his monument at 

Godstone, i. Introdwclion, xxi. ; ii. 116 

, Sir John, of Go<lstone, cousin 

of John, i. 249—251, 286, 377 ; ii. 115, 
361 ; his house at Godstone, inferior 
to what was first built by his father, 
i. 328 ; his forty-first wedding-day, 

-, Sir John, of Deane, in Wiltshire, 

i. 251 ; ii. 266 ; his daughter, Mrs. 
Pierrepoint, i. 251 ; ii. 351 

-, John, summary of his life and 

character, and pedigree, i. Introduc- 
tion, xvii. — xxviii. ; ii. 394 ; (1620) 
his birth, i. 1 ; (1624) received his 
first instruction under Mr. Frier, 4 ; 
(1625) passed his cliildiiood at Lewes, 
with his grandfather, 5 ; (1626) his 
picture painted by Chanterell, ib. ; 
(1628) taught to write by M. Citolin, 
and sent to the free school at South- 
over, ib.\ (1631) begins to record 
remarkable cii'cumstances, 6 ; his 
Diary mentioned, iii. 438 ; (1636) 



admitted of the Middle Temple, i. 9 ; 
(1637) entered a Commoner of Baliol 
College, ib. ; presents books to its 
library, 10 ; (1638) first exercise, 11 ; 
visits his friends, ib. ; (1639) studies 
music, and visits various parts of 
England, 12 ; confirmed at St. Mary's, 
t6. ; (1641) his portrait painted by 
Vanderborcht, 15 ; makes a tour 
through various parts of Holland and 
Flanders, 16 — 37 ; volunteers before 
Genep, 1 7 and n, 1 9, 20 ; at the court of 
the Queen of Bohemia, 1 8 ; at the fair 
of Rotterdam, 20 ; matriculated at 
Leyden, 26 ; ditto at Bois-le-Duc, 28 ; 
ditto at Williamstadt, 30 ; leaves 
Holland, ib. ; arrives in London, 37 ; 
elected one of the Comptrollers of the 
Revellers of the Middle Temple, but 
declines, 38 ; (1642) a royal volun- 
teer at the battle of Brentford, 38 ; 
Introduction, xxii. ; Dr. Basire's 
letter to, iii. 3 ; (1643) improves the 
house at Wotton, i. 39 ; sends a horse 
accoutred to the King at Oxford, 40 ; 
embarks for France, ib. ; his remarks 
during his travels in that kingdom 
(1643-4), 40—82 ; (1644) travels to 
Normandy, 59 — 62 ; attacked by 
robbers, 67 ; arrested by his valet, 
73 ; establishes two of his relations at 
Tours, 74 ; sets out for Italy, 75 ; 
embarks at Cannes, 82 ; sails down 
the Mediterranean, 82.83; his perilous 
situation, ib. ; arrives at Genoa, 85 ; 
account of his travels (1644-6), 
in various parts of Italy, 87 — 230 ; 
his treatise of "Liberty and Servi- 
tude," published in 1644 and 1649, 
248 ; ii. 391, 395, 438 ; blessed by 
the Pope, i. 178 ; travelling ex- 
penses of, 183, 219, 243 ; his illness 
from bathing at Venice, 196 ; dis- 
appointed of a voyage to the Holy 
Land, 205 ; matriculated at Padua, 
211 ; accompanies the Earl of Arun- 
del to the gardens of Mantua, 212 ; 
contributes to Father Kircher's 
"Obeliscus Pamphilius," 213, 313; 
elected Syndicus Artistarum at Padua, 
but declines, 213 ; studies at Padua, 
i6. ; obliged to arm there in self- 
defence, 215; his illness from drinking 
wine cooled with ice, ib. ; learns the 
theorbo, 134,215; receives a present 
from the Nuns of St. Catharine at 
Padua, on his birth-day, 215; enter- 

tains the British residents in Venice 
(1646),j6. ; fired at by a Venetian in 
his gondola, 216; studies surgery at 
Padua, 217 ; obtains a Spanish pass, 
218 ; with the Earl of Arundel at 
Padua, ib. ; adventure with a Scotch 
Colonel, 229 ; journey over the Alps 
into Switzerland (1646), 231—235 ; 
detained at Mount Sampion, 233, 
236 ; catches the small-pox, 238, 239, 
243 ; crosses the Lake of Geneva, 
238, 240; and joins in the exercises of 
the Campus Martius, 242 ; sails 
down the Rhone and arrives in 
Fi-ance (1647), 243; learns High 
Dutch and Spanish at Paris, 244 ; 
attends a course of Chemistry, ib.\ 
learns the lute, ib. ; marries Mary, 
the daughter of Sir Richard Browne, 
Ambassador at Paris, 245; returns to 
England, ib.; visits King Charles I. 
at Hampton Court, ib.; letter to Sir 
R. Browne on the political crises, iii. 
5 ; (1648) buys the manor of Hur- 
cott, i 246; his portrait painted by 
Walker, 247 ; gives a present to his 
niece Mary (daughter of his brother 
George), at her christening, i6.; letters 
during 1648 to Sir R. Browne, iii. 7 — 
33 ; (1649) narrow escape of, i. 248 ; 
studies chemistry, ib. ; corresponds 
with Sir Richard Browne, 250 ; illness 
of, ib. ; manor of Warley bought by, 
ib. ; sets out for Paris (1649), 250 — 
252 ; remarks during his residence in 
France (1649-50,) 252—260; with 
King Charles II. at St. Germain's, 
245, 253 ; presented at an audience 
with the French Regency, 254 ; 
letters during 1649 to Sir Richard 
Browne, iii. 36 — 54 ; (1650) perilous 
adventure of, in company with Lord 
Ossory, i. 256, 257 ; his portrait 
drawn and engraven by Nanteuil, 258 
and n ; sails for England (1650), 260 ; 
his pass from Bradshaw, ib. n ; in 
danger of the Rebel army, 261 ; 
returns to France in two months, ib. ; 
remarks during his stay there, (1650- 
52), 262 — 275 ; resolves to return to 
England, 273 ; letters from Alexander 
Ross to, acknowledging presents, iii, 
56, 57 ; (1651) letter fi'om John 
Cosin, on his joining the Roman 
Church, 58 ; letter of Dr. Cosin to, on 
his proposal of purchasing Dr. C.'s 
library, i. 277; iii. 307; at an audience 



of Sir Richard Browne with Louis 
XIV,,i.269; letter to Lady Garret, on 
the loss of a present sent to liim, iii. 57 ; 
(1652) returns to England, i. 274 ; 
motives for settling in England, 276 ; 
his « State of France " (1 652), ii. 395 ; 
settles at Sayes Court, Deptford, i. 276, 
307 ; improves tlie garden at Wotton, 
227 ; urged to publish his Letter to 
Bishop Cosin's son, ib. ; letter from 
DeanCosin.on Mr.Evelyn's visit to his 
daughter, iii. 61 ; letter to Mr. Thur- 
land on liis legal affairs, and desiring 
to purchase the sent at Albury, iii. 63 ; 
letters from Dr. Barlow acknowledg- 
ing presents for the Bodleian, 64, 
104 ; goes to Rye to receive his wife, 
i. 279 ; robbery committed upon, near 
Bromley, 280 ; birth of his first son, 
Richard, 283; discharges all his debts, 
285 ; (1G53) arranges the garden at 
Sayes Court, 284 ; purchases ditto, 
282, 284 ; birth of his second son, 
John, 236 ; (1 654) death of ditto, 287 ; 
binds his servant apprentice, ib. ; 
letter to Dr. Jeremy Taylor, con- 
soling him in his impri:<onment (Feb. 
(1654-5), iii. 65 ; journey into Wilt- 
shire, &c. (1654), i. 288—305 ; birth 
of his third son, John, 306 ; attends 
a private meeting of the Church of 
England in Ixmdon, t6. ; (1655), 307, 
310; (1656), 316; (1657), tft.; (1655), 
applies to Dr. Jeremy Taylor, as his 
spiritual adviser, 307 ; letter to Dr. 
Jeremy Taylor, on the disastrous state 
of the Church, iii. 66 ; visits Arch- 
bishop Usher, i. 308; conversation 
with Oughtred, 309 ; catechises his 
family, 310 ; letter from Dr. Jeremy 
Taylor, commending his piety (Nov. 
1 655),iii.78 ; visiu Mr. Hartlib, i. 31 ; 
takes cold, 311 ; attends a farewell 
sermon, on the i>rohibition of the 
CImrch ministers, ib. ; (1656) takes 
cold, 312 ; procures ordination for 
Mons. Le Franc, whom he had con- 
verted, 313 ; publishes his " Essay on 
Lucretius" (1656), 314 ; ii. 391, 395 ; 
iii. 18, 75, 77 ; letten> of Dr. Jeremy 
Taylor to, on the depressed state of 
the Church, his '• Cases of Conscience," 
69 ; thanking him for his hospitality, 
and imposing a task on him for pub- 
lishing his " Lucretius," 71 ; letters to 
Dr. Taylor, on his desire of retirement 
from the world (April, 1656), 72; 

from the same, concerning Mr. Thur- 
land, " Lucretius," &c., 74, 76 ; visiis 
the Dutch Ambassador, i. 314, 318, 
822 ; journey to the North-east of 
England (1656),314— 316; letter from 
Dr. Triplet on the rendezvous at Bex- 
hill, iii. 75 ; letter from Dr. John 
Wilkins on errata in " Lucretius," 76; 
letters to George Evelyn, on the 
death of his son Richard, iii. 79 ; of 
Barlow, the painter, on dedicating a 
plate to him, 81 ; answered, 82 ; to 
Mr. Maddox, on bthalf of Dr. Need- 
ham, with hints for ti"avellers in 
France and Italy, 83 ; to Lieutenant 
of the Tower, on account of Dr. Tay- 
lor, 86 ; to Mr. Thurland, on his 
" Treatise on Prayer," 87 ; from Dr. 
Taylor on the loss of his children, 91 ; 
to Hon. Robert Boyle, inclosing some 
of his unpublished Treatises, &c., 92 ; 
to Dr. Jeremy Taylor, sending him a 
present, &c., 93 ; Dr. Taylor's ac- 
knowledgment for, 94 ; birth of his 
fourth son, George, i. 320 ; falls from 
his coach, 319 ; soldiers quartered on, 
320 ; uses his interest about the living 
of Eltham, ib. ; letter from the Rev. 
E. Snatt, acknowled<;ing the first book 
of " Lucretius." iii. 95 ; letters to Dr. 
Jeremy Taylor to christen his son, 96 ; 
of Dr. Taylor, complying with his 
request, 97; from ditto, on the immor- 
tality of the soul, 98 ; subscribes to 
the stock of the Knglisli East India 
Company, i. 322; surprised with many 
others in Exeter chapel by the mili- 
tary, 323 ; (1653) his grief at tlie 
death of his eldest son Richard, 
323—326 ; letter to Sir Richard 
Browne on that occasion, iii. 101 ; 
death of his sou George, i. 326; letter 
of Dr. Taylor on those afllictions, iii. 
102 ; from ditto concerning a living, 
and the lawfulness of interest, 104 ; 
publishes a translation of " St. Chry- 
sostom on Education" (1659),i. 326 n, 
329 ; ii. 391, 395 ; summoned by 
Commissioners for new foundations, i. 
330 ; letter to Mr. Thurland, recom- 
mending a person to travel with Lord 
Percy, iii. 106; publishes his " French 
Gardener" (1658),i. 331: ii. 391,395; 
(1659) his intimiiey with Hon. Robert 
Boyle, i. 332, 340, 346 ; comes to 
lodge in London, 333 ; extracts from 
letters to Mr. Boyle on his "History 



of Trades," and on the culture of 
Flowers and "Sylva" (1659), ii. 393 ; 
iii. 114; publishes his " Apology for 
the Royal Party " (1659), i. IrUroduc- 
tion, xxiii. 333; ii. 391, 395 ; letter to 
George i'uke ou his brother's becoming 
a proselyte to the Rouiihh commuuioii, 
iii. 108; treats with Colouel Morley to 
bring in the King, i. 334 ; account of 
the negotiation, and letters to Colonel 
Morley, urging him to the enterprise, 
422 ; letters from Dr. Taylor ou the 
literature, &c., of England, iii. 109 ; 
to Robert Boyle on Essence of Roses, 
110; from Dr. Taylor, on literary 
subjects, 112 ; to Robert Boyle, on a 
Mathematical College, 116 ; i. Intro- 
duction, xxii. xxxii.;on his " Seraphic 
Love," iii. 121 ; from Dr. Taylor, on 
religious subjects, and Mr. Evelyn's 
writings, 126 ; (1660), 127 ; to Dr. 
Wilkins on the anatomy and the vege- 
tative motion of trees, 129; letter from 
Samuel Hartlib on monastic education, 
131 ; illness of, i. 335 ; publishes his 
" News from Brussels Unmasked " 
(1660), in defence of the King,i. Jntro- 
ductioiiy xxiv., 336 ; ii. 395; procures 
Colonel Morley 's pardon, i. 336 ; 
solicited to go and invite over 
the King, ib. ; presented by the 
Duke of York to the King at the 
Restoration, 337 ; invited to accept a 
commission for a troop of horse, but 
declines, 340 ; presented to Anne, 
Duchess of York, 343 ; his " Character 
of England" presented at Court," 344 
and n ; ii. 395 ; (1661) chosen a mem- 
ber of ihe Philosophical Society (after- 
wards the Royal Society), i. 344 ; 
presents his " Circle of Mechanical 
Trades" to the Society, ib. ; and his 
« Relation of the Peak of Teneritfe," 
346 ; Prince Rupert shows him the 
method of Mezzotiuto, 345, 346 ; 
declines the honour of Knight of the 
Bath, 347 ; presents his " Panegyric 
on the Coronation" (1661 ) to the King, 
351 ; ii. 391, 395 ; discourses with 
Charles II. about the Royal Society, 
&c., 352 ; and presents his " Fumi- 
fugium" (1661) to the King, 354 ; ii. 
391, 395 ; letters from Lord Mordaunt 
on Mr. Evelyn's panegyric on Charles 
II., iii. 1 32 ; from Thomas Barlow on 
a lost MS., ib. ; to Mr. Boyle with 
that tract, 133 ; from Dr. Taylor on 

his works, 134 ; to Mr. Chiffinch on 
a catalogue of tlie King's curiosities, 
1 35 ; sails down the Thames with the 
King (on^a wager between the King and 
the Duke of York's pleasure boats) ; 
his discourse with tlie King, i. 354 ; 
commanded to draw up a relation of 
the " Encounter of the Spanish and 
French Ambassadors," 355 ; ii. 395 ; 
reads it to the King, i. 355 ; the " Nar- 
rative" reprinted, 426 ; his " Trans- 
lation of Caspar Naudseus concerning 
Libraries," 357 ; ii. 391, 395 ; receives 
the thanks of the Royal Society for 
a compliment in it, i. 358 ; James 
Duke of York's discourse with, ib. ; 
his « Tyranuus, or the Mode " (1661), 
359 ; ii. 392, 395 ; (1662) holds the 
candle while King Charles's head was 
drawn for the new coin, i. 360 ; 
Duke of York pays a visit to h;m, 
361 ; attends the King, and talks with 
him about the Palace at Greenwich, 
ih. ; appointed a Commissioner for 
improving streets, &c., in London, 
i. IiUroduction, xxiv., 362, 374 ; at- 
tends Prince Rupert to the Royal 
Society, 362 ; presents his " History 
of Chalcography" (1662) to the Royal 
Society, 344, 364 ; ii. 392, 395; made 
a Commissioner for Charitable Uses, 
i. 365, 366, 368 ; visit of the Queen 
Mother to, 366 ; Lord Chancellor 
Hyde's visit to, ib. ; nominated by the 
King of the Council of the Royal 
Society, 367 ; sails down the Thames 
With the King and Queen, 368 ; letters 
to Lady Cotton on the death of her 
infant, iii. 1 36 ; to Mr. Vander Douse, 
on translating his " Relation of China," 
137 ; petitions the King about his own 
concerns, and goes with him to Mons. 
Febure, i. 368 ; presents his " Sylva" 
to the Royal Society, 369, 378 ; at 
Court, 368, 369 ; suggests the planting 
of Forest of Dean with oak, 370; 
(1663) King pays him a visit at Sayes 
Coiurt, 374 ; his house broken open, 
373 ; letters to Dr. Croone, offering 
him the situation of travelling tutor 
to the Howards of Is'orfolk (July, 
1663), iii. 138 ; to Dr. Pierce on his 
Sermon, and Cressy's Reply, recom- 
mending answer, i. 376 ; iii. 139, 141 ; 
to Mr. Boyle on literary subjects 
(1664), 147 ; made a Commissioner of 
the Mint, i. Introduction, xxiv.. 



376, 378 ; death of his son Richard, 
378 ; letter to George Evelyn on ex- 
penses of his traveU in Italy, ii. 354 
n ; (1664) witli the King, i. 378 ; sub- 
scribes to Sir Arthur Slingsby's Lot- 
tery, 380 ; goes with Lord Cornbury 
into Oxfordshire, 382 ; King Charles 
commends his " Parallel of Ancient 
and Modem Architecture" (1664), and 
his " Sylva," 384 ; the former referred 
to, 382 n, 386 ; ii. 301 ; iii. 360 ; 
references to his " Sylva " (1664), &c., 
i. 369. 370, 378; ii. 44, 392, 3.05; 
iii. 226, 317; appointed a Commis- 
sioner for Sick and Wounded, i. In- 
troductionj xxiv. — xxvii. 385; iii. 
148 ; proceedings in that office, i. 386, 
388, 389, 391—399 ; ii. 1—8, 23—28, 
71, 72, 76, 77, 88; letter from Dr. 
Barlow on Jesuitism, iii. 143; letter 
to Dr. Sprat on Sorbidre, and his 
Voyage to England, and a vindication 
of Lord Clarendon from his aspersions, 
iv. 144; i. 386; Queen Mother's 
compliment to, for his book on 
"Architecture," i. 386 ; (1665) pub- 
lishes a Part of tlie " Mystery of 
Jesuitism" (1664), 387, 389 ; ii. 391, 
395 ; iii. 149 ; presents a copy of it 
to Lord Cornbury, i. 387 n ; King 
Charles commends it, 389 ; his " Ka- 
lendarium Hortense "published (1 664), 
ii. 392, 395; iii. 317; visits the Royal 
Menagerie in St. James's Park, i. 389 ; 
letters to Lord Cornbury on the Lent 
Fast, and recommending the closing 
of the theatres, iii. 149 ; to Sir Thomas 
(afterwards Lord) Clifford, on the 
affairs of the sick and wounded, 153 ; 
to Dr. (afterwards Sir Christopher) 
Wren, to desire him to recommend a 
tutor for his son, 154 ; to Duke of 
Albemarle, on the affairs of the sick 
and wounded, 156 ; to and from Sir 
Thomas Clifford on the same subject, 
155, 157 ; to Sir Peter Wyche on 
the English language, 159 ; to Lord 
Cornbury, with hints for a course of 
study on history, 162 ; entertained on 
board the fleet at the Nore, i. 395 ; 
sends his family from London on 
account of the plague, but remains 
there himself, 397 ; passes through 
tlie infected parts of the City, ib.; 
letters to Lord Cornbury congratu- 
lating him on his marriage ; his own 
critical state as Conunlssiouer for sick 

and woimded, iii. 164, 168; of Sir 
Philip Warwick to, on the same sub- 
ject, 169 ; Mr. Evelyn's answer, 171 ; 
to Sir William Coventry on the same 
subject, 172 ; to Mr. Pepys, inclosing 
a plan of his proposed Infirmary, 1 75, 
178, 180 ; to Lord Cornbury in praise 
of Clarendon House, 177 ; to Dr. 
Wilkins on « Tillotson's Rule of Faith," 
&c., 192 ; (1666) graciously received, 
and his services acknowledged, by 
King Charles and the Duke of York, 
ii. 2, 3 ; his plan for an Infirmary for 
sick and wounded, 3 ; iii. 175 — 186 ; 
presents a part of " Mystery of 
Jesuitism " to the King, ii. 3 ; com- 
manded by the King to recommend a 
Justice of Peace for Surrey, 4 ; elected 
of the Council of the Royal Society, 
but declines, ib. ; with Prince Rupert 
at the Nore, 7 ; made a Commissioner 
for the farming and making of salt- 
petre, ib. ; a Commissioner for repair 
of old St. Paul's Cathedral, i. Intro- 
duction, xxiv. xxvii. ; ii. 9 : witnesses 
the awful Fire of London, 9 — 1 3; passes 
over the ruins, 13 — 15 ; presents his 
plan for rebuilding London to the 
Kin":, 16 and n, ii. 394; overturned 
in his carriage, ii. 19 ; letter to Sir 
Samuel Tuke on the death of his Lady, 
on the fire of London, and noticing his 
plan for rebuilding the City, 16 n ; iii. 
186 ; Persian habit assumed by the 
King, which he had recommended in 
his " Tyrannus," ii. 18 ; letter from 
Philip Dumaresque on "Kalendarium 
Hortense," iii. 189; letter to Lord 
Clarendon, en correct editions of school 
classics, ib. ; library and MSS. of the 
Earl of Arundel given to the Royal 
Society by his means, i. Introduc- 
tion, xxiv. xxviii. ; ii. 20, 122, 123 ; 
(1667) publishes his "Public Em- 
ployment preferred to Solitude" (1667), 
i. Introduction, xxxii. ; ii. 21, 306, 
392, 396 ; letter to Mr. Cowley on 
that subject, and recommending him 
to write a poem on the Royal Society, 
i. Introduction, xxii.; iii. 194 ; let- 
ters from Sir G. Mackenzie enclosing 
a poem, 193, 202; visits the Duke 
and Duchess of Newcastle, ii. 22, 23 ; 
letter of Cowley on his Poem on 
Royal Society, iii. 195 ; inquiries 
respecting Mr. Phillips from Sir 
John Langham, 196, 197 ; con- 



ducts the Duchess of Newcastle to 
a meeting of Royal Society, ii. 23 ; 
with King Cliarles II., ib. ; com- 
manded by his Majesty to search 
for peat, 25 ; his receipt for making 
"houUies" (a mixture of charcoal 
and loam) tried, 26 ; letter to Henry 
Howard of Norfolk, solicituig the 
" Marmora ArundeUana" for the Uni- 
\ersityoiOxioTd,i. IntrodiKtion,xxiy.; 
ii, 41 ; iii. 198 ; obtains the Arun- 
delian Marbles, i. Introduction, xxxii. ; 
ii. 29,41 ; letter to Dr. Bathurst on that 
subject, iii. 199 ; University in convo- 
cation presents its acknowledgments 
to, ii. 30, 31 ; gives the Royal Society 
his Tables of veins and arteries, i. 
217 ; ii. 31 ; letters to Earl of Sand- 
wich on Spanish horticulture, iii. 201, 
205 ; (1668) gives a quantity of bricks 
for building a College for Royal So- 
ciety, ii. 33 ; letter from Sir Robert 
Moray on his personal friendship, 
iii. 203 ; to Dr. Joseph Glanvil, thank- 
ing him for a compliment in his " Ne 
plus ultra," 204 ; from Lord Henry 
Howard of Norfolk, to lodge Signor 
Muccinigo, and on Signor Pietro's 
Memoirs, 211; lease of land granted 
to, by the King, who discourses with 
him on several subjects, ii. 34 ; letter 
to Dr. Beale on Optics and Acoustics, 
207 ; pubhshes his" Perfectionof Paint- 
ing" (1668), ii. 35, 39 1,396 ;listof great 
men whose portraits he recommended 
Lord Clarendon to procure, 36 ; iii. 
301 n ; (1669) letter to Sir Thomas 
Chfford on a libel on England, pub- 
lished by the Dutch, 213; presents 
his " History of the Three Great 
Impostors" (1669) to the King, ii. 38, 
392, 396 ; letter from Dr. Fell on the 
Arundelian MSS. iii. 216, 250 ; to 
Lord Henry Howard of Norfolk, to 
permit the Royal Society to exchange 
some of the MSS. given by, for mathe- 
matical and other scientific books, 217; 
Dr. Basire on the Greek Church, 218; 
Dr. Bathurst's inquiry respecting 
Lord Howard's arms, 219 ; degree of 
Doctor conferred on him by the 
University of Oxford, ii. 42, 43 ; 
letters to Dr. Meric Casaubon, inquir- 
ing whether his father left a treatise 
« De Baculis," &c. iii. 220, 225 ; 
of Dr. Casaubon in answer, 224 ; his 
affliction on account of his brother 

Richard, ii. 35, 44,45 ; (1670) solicits 
the office of Latin Secretary, 45 ; 
pressed to write the History of the 
Dutch War, 38, 46, 90 ; draws up a 
di-aft of the History, 51 ; the King 
orders official documents to be given 
to him for the History, 51, 52, 55, 
62, 78 ; letters to Lord Clifford, in- 
closing a Synopsis of the History, &c., 
iii. 221 ; contents of the first and 
second books (1671), 228 ; from 
Duchess of Newcastle, Rev. N. Jame- 
son, and P, Dumai'esque, on " Sylva," 
226, 227 ; from Theodore Hook on 
the author of " The History of the 
German Impostor," 241 ; to Father 
Patrick on the doctrine of the English 
Church concerning the Eucharist, 231 ; 
complains of want of co-operation, 
238 ; introduces Gibbon the carver 
at Court, ii. 53, 55, 56 ; appointed on 
a Council for Foreign Plantations, 
i. Introduction, xxiv. xxvii. ; ii. 56, 57 ; 
attends the meetings of, 58 — 62, 67 — 
69, 73, 77 — 81 ; entertained by the 
Trinity Company on passing a fine of 
land for their Alms-house, 58 ; his 
law-suit with Mr. Cocke, 59 ; dines 
with King Charles II. at Eusten, 63 ; 
iv. 27 ; (1672) lease of Sayes Court 
granted to, by the King, ii. 68 ; with 
the King about the fleet, 74 ; conver- 
sation with Lord Sandwich, and re- 
flections on his death, 75 ; reads the 
first part of his Dutch War to Lord 
Clifford, 78 ; chosen Secretary of the 
Royal Society, 80 ; letters to Lord 
Clifford, returning documents con- 
sulted for tlie Dutch War, 85, iii. 241 ; 
to Lord Combury, desiring the perusal 
of Sir George Downing's Despatches 
for the Dutch War, &c., 242 ; (1673) 
sworn a Younger Brother of the 
Trinity House, ii. 82 ; takes the sacra- 
ment and oaths as ordered by Parlia- 
ment, 83 ; Lord Clifford's prophetic 
farewell to, 87 ; charitable works of, 
90 ; (1674) his " Navigation and 
Commerce, their Original and Pro- 
gresse;" (1674) the preface to the His- 
tory of the Dutch War, i. Introduc- 
tion, xxviii. ; commended by King 
Charles II., but publicly recalled, ii. 
91, 92, 396 ; letters to the Duchess 
of Newcastle on a present of her 
Works, iii. 244 ; to Dr. Meric Casau- 
bon, consoling him in his afliictioa 
c c 



from the stone, and on hia own trans- 
lation of Lucretius, 241 — 6; (H»7o) 
his character of Sir William Petty, 
IL 95—97 ; his " Discourse of Earth 
and VegeUtion " (1675), ii. 98, 392, 
396 ; Lord Berkeley confides his 
estates and property to, ii. 103; letters 
to Dr. Good on pecuniary matters, 
iii. 248 ; (I676),ii. 105,107, 110 ; Uie 
Queen entertained at Sayea Court, 
105 ; a copy of " Marmora Oxonien- 
sia Arundeliana" presented to him 
by the University, ib. ; serious conse- 
quences of a fall to him, 108 ; (1(>77) 
becomes a trustee for Lord Mordaunt, 
109 ; (1678) his friendship for Mrs. 
Godolphin, 123 — 125 ; correspondence 
with Anne, Countess of Sunderland, 
ilL 250—253 ; (1679) appointed one 
of the executors of Lady Mordaunt. 
U.26, 138, 141 ; his " Acetaria," part 
of the << Elysium Britannicum," 392 ; 
sacoesB of his « Sylva," &c., 392, 396 ; 
oontenta of his " Elysium Britanni- 
cum," 393 ; treats for marriage of his 
son with daughter of Sir John Stone- 
bouse, 138; (1680) last conversation 
of, with Lord Ossory, &c., 143 ; letters 
to the Countess of Ossory on his death, 
iii. 254 ; correspondence with Mrs. 
Owen, iv, 41, 42; (1681) to Mr. 
Pepys, on hia escape from ship- 
wrecic, iii. 256 ; to Dr. Morley, Bp. 
of Winchester, on the late Duchess of 
York deserting the Church of England, 
and accusing him, ii. 167 ; iii. 235 ; 
to Mr. Wra. London on his proposed 
History of Jamaica, &c., 257 ; Earl 
of Essex vindicates himself from an 
injurious report, ii. 159 ; letters to 
Mr. Pepys, inclosing his History 
of the Dutch War, &c., iii. 260 ; 
(1682) consulted by Sir Stephen Fox 
about Chelsea Hospital, ii. 163, 166 ; 
attacked with ague, and settles his 
affairs, 164 ; letters, to Dr. Fell, 
recommending answers to be written 
to the " Histoire Critique," and other 
atheistical books, iii. 264 ; to Mr. 
Pepys on the Dominion of the Sea 
and the Fishery cUimed by the 
English, and on English commerce, 
267 ; seized with a fainting fit, and 
declines standing the election for 
President of Royal Society, ii. 170; 
disposes of hia East India adventure, 
ib. ; (1683) hia account of Sir Richard 

Browne, 171 ; communicates to Dr. 
Plot a list of his works, 39 1 ; plants 
his walks at Sayes Court, 175 ; de- 
clines a lucrative employment from 
conscientious motives, 186 ; attends 
tlie King on a visit to the Duchess of 
Portsmouth, 187 ; visits the Lord 
Danby in the Tower, 191 ; (1684) 
consulted by Dr. Tenison about erect- 
ing a Public Library, 194 ; hia 
« Account of the Winter of 1 683-4," 
published in « Phil. Trans." 1 96 ; 
consulted about building over Berke- 
ley Gardens, 197 ; corresponds with 
Mr. Robert Berkeley, iii. 273, 275, 
276, 280, 282 ; (1685) assists in pro- 
claiming James II. on the death of 
Charles, 210 ; his affliction on the 
death of his daughter Mary, 212, 218 ; 
his "Mundus Muliebris" (1690) re- 
ferred to, 215, 395; death of his 
daughter Elizabeth, 231 ; melancholy 
reflections on the deaths of his daugh- 
ters, ib. ; James II.'s gracious recep- 
tion of, ib. ; accompanies Mr. Pepys 
to Portsmouth to attend on James II., 
232—236; letters to Mr. Pepya on 
the colours of the Ancients, &c., iii. 
276 ; of Mr. Pepys, about papers 
tending to prove Charles II. a Roman 
Catholic, 279 ; ii. 237—239 ; his por- 
traits taken by Kneller, 239, 299 ; ap- 
pointed Commissioner of Sewers, 245 ; 
and Commissioner for executing the 
office of Privy Seal, i. Introduction, 
xxiv. xxvii. ; ii. 247 ; transactions, 
247 ; (1686), 248, 252—257, 261 ; 
takes the Test, 249 ; tedious law-suit 
against, ib. ; Sir Gilbert Gerrard pro- 
poses to marry his son to Mr. Evelyn's 
daughter Susanna, 250 ; refuses the 
Privy Seal for printing Missals, 250 ; 
and declines attendance, 251 ; refuses 
Privy Seal for printing Popish Books, 
&c., 254 ; in attendance on James II. 
on his birth-day (1686), 258 ; letters, 
to Lady Ann Spencer, Countess of 
Sunderland, inclosing a catalogue of 
reUgioua hooka for her use, iii. 284 ; 
to Henry Earl of Clarendon on the 
affairs of Ireland, &c., 285 ; (1687) re- 
flections of, on K. James's (attempted) 
introduction of Popery, ii. 261 ; Com- 
missioners for Privy Seal dismissed, 
262 ; particulars relating to his law- 
suit, which was terminated by the 
favour of James II., 265—268 ; ap- 



pointed a Governor of St. Thomas's 
Hospital, 269 ; (1688) petitions to be 
allowed charges as a Commissioner of 
sick and wounded, 273 ; letter to 
Archbishop San croft, detecting ma- 
chinations of the Jesuits, 281 n ; 
prayer on the anniversary of his 
bu-th-day (68th year), 283 ; letters to 
his son about return of James II. to 
Whitehall (1688), and consequent 
proceedings, &c., iii. 287 ; to the 
Countess of Sunderland of moral 
advice, 290 ; to Lord Spencer on 
collections of English letters, 294 ; 
(1689) Archbishop Bancroft thanks 
him for his letter, ii. 287 ; his ex- 
amination of the extraordinary talents 
of Dr. Clench's son, 288 ; his remarks 
on Queen Mary II., 292 ; conversa- 
tions with Archbishop Bancroft and 
Bishop Lloyd, 296—299 ; letter to 
Mr. Pepys on a compliment paid 
him — on painters, &c. — coins — Lord 
Clarendon's collection of portraits — 
on prints — public Ubraries in Paris, 
and in England — Society for im- 
proving the English language recom- 
mended, iii. 294 ; Mr. Pepys' answer 
to, 312 ; continuation of his former 
letter on dreams, 313 ; prayer on his 
birth-day (1689), ii. 301 ; (1690) con- 
versation with Mr. Pepys on the 
Navy, 304 ; dines with Sir G. Mac- 
kenzie, against whom he had written 
his " Essay on Public Employment," 
305 ; conversation with Dr. Lloyd, 
305—307 ; letter to Lady Sunder- 
land, consoling her on the death of 
her daughter, the Countess of Arran, 
iii. 315 ; becomes one of the bail for 
Lord Clarendon, ii. 309 ; letter to 
tlie Countess of Sunderland, on his 
" Kalendarium Hortense," " Sylva," 
" Parallel of Architecture," &c., iii. 
317 ; (1691) encourages Dr. (after- 
wards Sir) Hans Sloane to write a 
History of Jamaica, ii. 312 ; conver- 
sation with Archbishop Sancroft, ib. ; 
letter to Mr. Anthony a Wood, com- 
municating particulars of Mr. Wells, 
and of himself and publications, for 
the " Athense Oxonienses," iii. 321 ; 
(1692) at the funeral of Mr. Boyle, 
ii. 316 ; a trustee for the Boyle Lec- 
ture, 318, 327; his opinion of Dr. 
Bentley's Boyle Lecture, 319 ; letter 
to Dr. Tenison on Earthquakes 

and their causes, iii. 325 ; letter to 
his brother on the sale of Baynards, 
330 ; (1693) Mr. Draper's mar- 
riage with his daughter Susanna, iL 
324 ; declines Presidentship of the 
Royal Society, 326 ; letter to Mrs. 
M. Tuke on Sir Lawrence Staughton's 
proposals, iii. 333 ; letters to Dr. 
Plot on Coins, 335 ; answer, 337 ; to 
Lord Spencer on his making a tour 
through England, 336 ; (1694) his 
Translation of M. de la Quintinye's 
" Complete Gardener," 1693, ii. 396 ; 
Duke of Norfolk's kindness for the 
Evelyn family, 328 ; goes with his 
family to live with his brother at 
Wotton, 330 ; letters to Dr. Tenison 
communicating information relative 
to Archbishop Laud, to Mr. Whar- 
ton's life, &c., 340 ; to Bishop Gibson, 
communicating particulars for his 
edition of the " Britannia," iii. 341 ; 
to Mr. Benjamin Tooke, sending him 
the copy of his " Essay on Medals " 
(1697) to print, &c., 342 ; the work re- 
ferred to, ii. 392, 396 ; his conversa- 
tion with the Marquis of Normanby 
about Charles II., 332 ; Treasurer of 
Greenwich Hospital, 333, 347 n, 363 ; 
his account of the death of Queen 
Mary, 333 ; furnished the additions 
to Surrey in " Camden's Britannia " 
(1695), 334 ; one of a Committee to 
survey Greenwich House, &c., i. In- 
troductiwi, xxv., xxvii. ; ii. 335, 344 ; 
his intimacy with Dr. Tenison, 333, 
336, 338 ; interests himself about the 
Royal Library at St. James's, 338 ; 
(1696), 348 ; letters to Mr. Wotton, 
containing an account of Hon. Robert 
Boyle, for his intended life, iii. 346 ; 
from Mr. Wotton in answer, and 
sending him his abridgment of 
Scilla's book on Shells, 352 ; from the 
same, thanking him for recommending 
him to the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, 353 ; settles the Boyle Lecture 
in perpetuity, ii. 341 ; lets his house 
at Sayes Court to Admiral Benbow, 
342 ; letter to Lord Godolphin, on 
English Historical medals. Council of 
Trade enlarging of London, scenes at 
elections, iii. 354 ; first stone of 
Greenwich Hospital laid by him, and 
others, ii. 344 ; letters to Mr. Place 
about reprinting his " Parallel of 
Architecture," iii. 360 ; to Mr. 
cc 2 



Wotton on his " S^lva," and on the 
haslNuidry and gi&rden'mg of the 
ancients, 363 ; (1697) letter to Dr. 
Bohun, noticing his employment", 
&c., at Wotton, his grandson, and 
daughter Draper, ii. 346 ; letter to 
Dr. Beutley on hia "Sylva" and 
" Parallel of Architecture," iii. 365 ; 
goes with the Surrey Address of con- 
gratulation for peace to King William 
III., ii. 348 ; letters to Dr. Bentley 
on his proposal for erecting a new 
library iu St. James's Park, iii. 369 ; 
from Mr. Wotton, concerning his 
intended life of Boyle, 370 ; from the 
same on Medals, 371 ; (1698) to Dr. 
Godolphin, with an account of his 
"Treatise on Medals," 373; to Mr. 
Henshaw, introducing Dr. Hoy, 375 ; 
his house at Sayes Court let to Peter 
the Great, i. Introduction, xxv. ; ii. 
349 n ; (1699) afiSiction for the loss of 
his son, 351 ; regret for his brother 
Richard's death, 354 ; letter to Dr. 
Is'icolson, on education for the bar, 
tlie " Historical Library," ravages 
committed in the Paper-office, original 
letters in his possession, iiL 378 ; 
(1700) his «* Acetaria," 1699, referred 
to, ii. 355, 392, 396 ; settles at Wotton, 
i. Introduction, xxv. ; ii. 357 ; his 
prayer on completing his 80th year, 
362 ; bis concern for the illness of his 
grandson, ib.; (1701) subscribes 
towards rebuilding Oakwood Chapel, 
at Wotton, 366 ; holds his courts in 
Surrey, 366—368 ; (1702) his Tables 
of Veins and Arteries ordered to be 
engraven by the Royal Society, 367 ; 
letters from Mr. Wotton concerning 
his intended life of Boyle, iii. 385, 
387 ; elected a member of Society for 
Propagating Gospel in Foreign Parts, 
ii. 368 ; pious examination of himself 
on completing his 82d year, ib. ; 
(1703) resigns the Treasurersbip 
of Greenwich Hospital to his son-in- 
law Draper, 371 ; account of his 
Treasurersbip, 363 n ; reflections on 
his 83d year, 372, 373 ; letters from 
Mr. Wotton, with queries for his Life 
of Boyle, iii. 388 ; answer to, with 
anecdotes of Ilartlib, Boyle, Sir W. 
Petty, Sir Geoffrey Fenton, &c., 390 ; 
Wotton's reply to, 398 ; (1705) con- 
versation with Dr. Dickinson about 
Philosopher's Elixir, ii. 374 ; Dake 

of Marlborough's condescension to, 
ib. ; his sickness and death, 376 ; 
Christmas hospitality to his neigh- 
bours, i. 387 ; ii. 37, 44, 90 ; his piety 
at that season and on his birth-day, see 
at the close of each year, and 
October 31 ; list of his unpublished 
Treatises, &c., ii. 394 ; his published 
works, 391 ; list of his works from 
the "Biographia Britanuica," 395 ; 
etchings by, ii. 396 ; bis monument 
and epitaph, i. Introduction, xxxvi. 

Evelyn, John-Stansfleld (second son of 
John), birth, i. 286 ; death, 287. 

, John (third son of John), 

account of him, i. Introduction, 
xxxii. ; birth, 306 ; presented to the 
Queen Mother, 343 ; alluded to, 365 ; 
396 ; ii. 19, 117 ; entered of Oxford 
University, 21, 38 ; admitted of 
Middle Temple, 73 ; published a 
translation of Rapinus " Hortorum," 
81 and n ; his interview with the 
Bishop of Chichester, 82 ; a Younger 
Brother of the Trinity-house, 83 ; 
went with Lord Berkeley into France, 
102, 103 ; return of, 106 ; his mar- 
riage, 138, 139 ; sent into Devon by 
Lords of the Treasury, 269 ; Com- 
missioner of Irish Revenue, 321 ; his 
death and burial, 351 

-, John (grandson of John), ac- 

count of, i. Introduction, xxxiii. ; 
birth, ii. 165; at Eton, 320; en- 
tered of Oxford, 351 ; attacked with 
small-pox, 362 ; quits College, 367 ; 
Commissioner of prizes, 366 ; treaty 
for marriage, ib. ; Treasurer of stamp 
duties, 373 

John (son of George and 

nephew of John), marriage, ii. 139, 

-, John, of Nutfield, M. P., his 

dea th, ii. 369 

-, Martha (daughter-in-law of 

John), account of her, i. Introduction, 
XXX. iii. ; thrown out of her coach, ii. 

-, Mary (daughter of Sir Richard 

Browne, and wife of John Evelyn), 
her person and character, i. Intro- 
duction, XXX.; marriage with, and 
references to. Pedigree, ii. 397 ; i. 249, 
250, 253, 256, 207,278,279,286, 289 
—291, 306, 397 ; portrait, 24.0, 258 n, 
275, 277 ; Cljarles II.'s condescension 
and promise to, 341, 346; Princess 



Henrietta thanks her for her " Cha- 
racter of England" she had presented, 
344 ; presents a copy of a miniature 
by Oliver to Charles II., 352 ; cha- 
racter of her by Dr. Bohun, iv. 3 — 7 ; 
letters, to Dr. Bohun on the Duchess 
of Newcastle, 8 ; on epistolary writing, 

10 ; on Sir S. Tuke's marriage, 11; 
on Dryden's " Siege of Grenada," 25 ; 
on her cousin Glanville, 26 ; on female 
accomplishments and duties, 31 ; to 
Sir Samuel Tuke on an expected visit, 

11 ; to her brother Glanville on his 
sou's education, 12; on his return 
fi'om France, 15 ; his settlement at 
Wotton, 16 ; on his courtship, 22, 27 ; 
his amiability commended, 38 ; to Mr. 
Terry 11 in Ireland, 14, 15 ; to Mrs. 
Evelyn of Woodcote, 17, 19, 20 ; to 
her cousin Mary Evelyn, 20 ; to Lady 
Tuke, and to Mr. Bohun, on the death 
of Sir S. Tuke, iii. 108 n ; iv. 23, 24 ; 
to Mr. Bohun on the death of Dr. 
Bretton, 30 ; on domestic duties, 31 ; 
on pulpit eloquence, 34 ; on recent 
shipwrecks, 27 ; to Mrs. Alexander 
on her visit to Ireland, 29 ; to her 
husband, 33 ; to Mrs. Saul on leaving 
her family, 36 ; to Lady Tuko on the 
death of her own daughter Mary, 40 ; 
to her son, exhorting him to a virtuous 
life, 21 ; extract from her Will, con- 
taining a character of Mr. Evelyn, 7 ; 
her death and epitaph, i. Introduction, 
XXV. xxxvii. 

Evelyn, Mary (daughter of John), ii. 90, 
129, 164, 204 ; birth of, i. 398 ; her 
death by the small-pox, ii. 213; her 
piety and accomplishments, i. Intro- 
duction, XXV.; ii. 212 — 218; her monu- 
ment and epitaph, i. Introduction, 

, Marj', Lady Wyche (niece of 

John, and daughter of George), John 
Evelyn presents her with a piece of 
plate at her christening, i. 247 ; mar- 
riage, ii. 320. See Wyche 

Mary (niece of John, and 

Evelyn, Richard, of Woodcote (brother 
of John), birth, i. 1 ; chamber-fellow 
with his brother John at Oxford, 12 ; 
alluded to, 246, 247 ; ii. 47 ; mar- 
riage, i. 247 ; his house called Bay- 
nards, 246, 320 ; iii. 330 ; afflicted 
with the stone, ii. 36, 39, 44 ; his death 
and funeral, 44 ; letters to his wife 
from Mrs. John Evelyn, iv. 17, 19 
•, Richard (son of John), birth 

and christening, i. 283 ; death, 324 ; 
his remarkable early talentsand piety,i. 
Introduction, xxv. 323 — 326; his early 
death alluded to, ii. 290 ; letters oc- 
casioned by his deatli, iii. 101 — 103 ; 
monument and epitaph of, i. Intro- 
duction, xxxviii. Another son 

Richard, death and burial of,i. 378, 379 
Richard (grandson of John), 

daughter of Richard),marriage of,ii.47 
-, Martha-Maria (grandchild of 

John), birth, ii. 179 ; death, 183 

-, Richard (father of John), his 

marriage and family, i. I ; his person 
and character, 1, 2, 14 ; High Sheriff 
of Surrey and Sussex, i. 1, 6, 7 ; 
sickness and death, 14 ; epitaph on, 
i Introduction, 25 

birth, ii. 155 ; death, 158 

, Richard (nephew of John), his 

death, iii. 79 n 

, Susanna (daughter of John), 

birth of, ii. 39 ; marriage, 324 ; cha- 
racter and accomplishments, ib. See 

, Sir Thomas, ii. 155 

, William, of St. Clere (son of 

George of Nutfield), assumed the 
name of Glanville, ii. 367 n ; his 
issue, ib. 

-, (cousin of John), house 

near Clifden, ii. 1 34 

, Evelyn family, epitaphs of, i. 

Introduction, xxiv. — xl. 

-, Mons., a French physician, ii. 45 

" Evening Lover,"aplay,ii. 33andn,380 

Everard, Mrs., a chemist, i. 260 

Eversfield, Mr., of Sussex, his daughter, 
ii. 139, 155,355 

Everson, Mr., iii. 1 55 

Everzen, Capt. Cornelius, taken pri- 
soner, i. 392 and n ; his liberty restored 
by Charles II. on accotmt of his father's 
services, ib. iii. 153 

Euston, SufiFolk, Lord Arlington's seat 
at, Charles II.'s frequent visit3, 1671, 
ii. 63 ; splendid entertainment at, 64 ; 
the bouse and garden described, 64, 
65, 112 — 114 ; church and paisonage 
house rebuilt by Lord Arlbigton, 48, 

" Examen of the Assembly's Confession 
of Faith," iill09 

Exchange at Amsterdam, i. 22 ; at Paris, 
47 ; Merchants' Walk at Genoa, 86 
at Venice, 198 



Exchan^, the Roya], the Kinj^'s statue 
at, throwu down (1649), i, 251 ; new 
building of the, ii. 89 

Exchequer shut up (1672), ii. 70 

Excise, &c., continuance ot, i. 339 ; duties 
let to farm by James II., ii. 211 ; Scots 
grant tliem for ever, 221 

Executions (see Question) at Rome, i. 
183: at Venice, 208 ; in Switzerland, 
241 ; in England, 278, 282 

Exeter College, Oxford, comedy per- 
formed at (1637), i. 11 

Exeter Chapel, communicants at, sur- 
prised (1637), i. 323 

Exeter, Earl of, garden at Burleigh, i. 
298 n ; ii. 1 89 

, Parliament's tenns of capitula- 
tion to, iv. 176, 177 ; siege of, 180. 

Exhalation, fiery, account of (1694), ii. 

•* ExomologeUs," by Dean Cressy, i. 376 

Experiment, new invented ship so called, 
u. 96 

Exton, Dr., Judge of the Admiralty, i. 

Eye of a Dutch Boy, pbsenomenon in, 
ii. 364 

Eyes, receipt for strengthening, iii. 208 ; 
wax taper at night recommended, &c., 

Eyre, Mr. Justice, a subscriber to Green- 
wich Hospital, ii. 345 

Fairfax, Major, L 300 n ; cliaracter of, 

ii. 115 

, Sir Thomas, Lord, iii. 10, 35 ; 

ir. 141, 149, 154, 174, 176, 180, 181, 

302, notes 
Faitli, Assembly's confession of, iii. 1 09 
"FaiUiful Post" (1653), a journal, iv. 

277 n 
« Faithful Scoot" (1653), a journal, iv. 

285 n 
Faithome, William, his portrait of 

Catlierine, Queen of Charles II., i. 

363 n 
Falconberg, Thomas Belasyse, Viscount, 

ii. 117,176 
Falkland, Lucius Cary, Lord, iv. 68 n, 

101 ; portnut, iii. 301 
• , Lord (Treasurer of the Navy), 

ii. 176, 198, 218;deatli, and account 

of, 330 

, Lady, ii, 215, 216, 330 

Fallen Angela, iii. 88 

Falmoutli, Charles Berkeley, Earl of, i. 

355 and n ; iii. 240 

Family of Love, address to the King 
(1687), ii. 268 

Fanelli, statues in copper by, i. 364 

Fans fix>m China, i. 379 

Fanshaw, Sir Simon, his collection of 
coins, iii. 300 

Fanshawe, Sir Richard, allusions to, i. 
275, 276, 306, 349, 366, 418 ; iv. 200 

Farnese Palace at Rome, account of, i. 
102, 143, 163, 175 

Farnese, Cardinal Alessandro, i. 128, 

Farrande, iv. 256 

Farringdoii, Mr., funeral of, ii. 27 

Farringdoii, town of, i. 293 

Father John at Rome, i. 101 

Faubert, Mons., riding-master, his aca- 
demy, &c., ii. 159, 169, 201, 202 

Faulkner, Thomas, his "History of 
Chelsea" cited, ii. 127 n 

Faustina, temple of, i. 103 

Fay, Governor of Portsmouth, i. 334 

Fearne, Dr., i. 334 

Febure, Mons., his chemical experi- 
ments, &c., i. 244, 272 ; Sir W. 
Raleigh's cordial prepared by, 368 

Fell, Dr. John, Bishop of Oxford, i. 
352, 383 ; ii. 42 ; sermon in blank 
verse, i. 390 ; letter to Mr. Evelyn 
on the Arundel MSS., iii. 216 ; letter 
of Mr. Evelyn to, recommending 
answers to atheistical books, iii. 264 ; 
death of, ii. 256 ; account of, i. 416 

Felton, Sir John, ii. 1 1 1 

, Sir Maurice, iii. 390, 395 

, Sir GeoflFrey, iii. 389, 396 

Fenton, letters and journal of, iii. 262, 

Fenwick, Sir John, taken, ii. 342, 343 ; 

executed, 346 

-, Mr., and his wife, cause between. 

ii. 370 and n 

Ferdinand I., Grand Duke of Florence, 
chapel of, i. 1 89 

Ferguson, Robert, conspirator, ii. 178, 

Feria, Duke of, i. 227 

Fermor, Sir WiUiam, afterwards Earl 
of Pomfret, ii. 129, 156, 318; some 
of the Arundelian statues purchased 
by, now at Oxford, 31 1 

Ferrara, notice of, i. 1 95 

Ferrarius, Dr., of Milan, i. 224, 226 ; 
notice of, 405 

Ferrers, Barons, their tenure at Oak- 
ham, i. 298 

Ferte Imbault, Mons. de la, iv. 337, 338 



Fete Dieu, at Tours, i. 72 

Feversham, Lewis de Duras, Earl of, 
ii. 102, 202, 206, 226, 233; taken 
prisoner, 286 

Fiammingo, Ger., picture by, i. 112; 
sculpture, 123, 182,259 

Fiat, Mons., i. 291 

Field, Dr., Bishop of Oxford, i. 5 

, Captain, iii, 271 

Fielding, Lady Mary, her marriage, 
ii. 388 

Fiennes, Dr., sermon of, ii. 200 

Fiesole, Gio. di, painting by, i. 172 

Fifth-Monarchy-Men, sermon against, 
i. 321 ; insurrection of, 344 

Filmer, Sir E., ii. 190 

Finale, notice of the shore of, i. 83 

Finch, Sir John, Lord Keeper, in Hol- 
land (1641), i. 18,23; advanced to the 
peerage as Baron Finch, 401 ; letter 
of Charles I. to, iv. 63 ; noticed, 64, 
69, 70, 74, 77, 87—125 

— — , Sir John, afterwards Lord Chan- 
cellor, and Earl of Nottingham, i. 385 ; 
ii. 59, 153 

, Mr. (son of Lord Chancellor), 

afterwards Earl of Aylesford, ii. 1 30, 
250 and n ; James XL's speech to 
the Council on his accession, taken 
down in writing by, 208 n, 268 ; 
Burleigh-on-the-Hill bought by the 
family of, i. 298 n 

Flora vanti, a painter in Rome, i. 183, 

Fire-eater, performances of a, ii. 79 

Fire-ships, appalling nature of, iii. 305 

Fire-works at Rome (1 644), i. 131; in St. 
James's-square (1695), ii. 338 

Firmin, Mr. Thomas, account of, ii. 300 

Fish, horn of one presented to Royal 
Society, i. 379 ; sight and hearing of, 
iii. 209, 210 

Fisher, Dr. John, Bishop of Rochester, 
portrait of, iii. 301 

Fishery, on the right of, iii. 268 — 271 

Fish-ponds, various references to, i. 39, 
51,58, 64, 111, 112, 134,181,240 

Fitzgerald, Lady Catherine, ii. 198 

Fitz-Harding, Lord, instructions for 
Holland, iii. 240 ; death of, ii. 86 

Fitzpatrick, Colonel, ii. 266 ; iii. 319 

Fitz-Roy, Lady Anne, ii. 108 n 

Flagellants at Rome, i. 176 

Flamel, Nicholas, i. 65 

Flamerin, Mons,, ii. 200 

Flamstead, Dr. John, astronomer, ii. 
108-111,183, 198,385 

Flanders, apprehensions of the French 
army in, iv. 210 

Fleet, engagement with the Dutch, 1665, 
i. 392 and n, 393 ; victory over the 
Dutch (June, 1665), 394 ; Charles II. 
visits the English fleet at the Nore, 
395 ; victory over the Dutch (June, 
1666), ii. 5 ; various particulars of the, 
4, 8 ; mangled state of the English 
fleet, 7 ; English and French united 
fleets (1672), 73 

Fleetwood, Dr. James, Bishop of Wor- 
cester, sermon by, ii 105 

Mr., declines the Boyle 

lectiiresliip, iii. 376 

Sir George, on Cromwell's 

dissimulation, iv. 209 
Fletcher, John, poet, portrait, iii. 301 
Floors of rooms, plaister, &c., used for, 

i. 85 
Florence, account of the city of, i. 91 — 
95, 186—190 ; bridges of, 91 ; Palaces 
of Strozzi and Pitti, 91 ; church of 
Santo Spirito, 92; Palazzo Vecchio, 
ib. ; Hanging Tower, ii. ; the Duke's 
Repository of Curiosities, 93, 94, 187 ; 
church of the Annunciata, 95, 187 ; 
Duke's Cavalerizzo and Menagerie, 
95 ; Poggio Imperiale, 186 ; collec- 
tions of Prince Leopold and Signer 
Gaddi, Academy de la Crusca, 189 ; 
church of St. Laurence, ib. ; Arsenal, 
artists, &c., 1 90 

agent of the Duke of, an 

afiront to, iv. 127 
Florival, Mons., of Geneva, ii. 352 
Fog, remarkable (1670), ii. 53 ; (1699), 

Fondi, i. 148 

Fondigo di Todeschi at Venice,!. 198 
Fontaine, Mrs., i. 314 
Fontainebleau, palace and gardens, i. 57, 

58, 299 
Fontana, Annibal, carving by, i. 225 

Domenico-Maria, architect, 

works of, i. 113, 114, 119, 120, 126, 


, Lavinia,painting by, i. 142,164 

Fontana della Therme, at Rome, i. Ill 

Fontana di Specchio, i. 180 

Fonts, remarkable, i. 29, 89 

Forbes, Mr., ii. 1 89 

Force, Duchesse de la, ii. 301 

Forests, notices of, i. 56, 57, 67, 70 

Formiana, i. 148 

Forster, Sir H., house at Aldermaston, 

i. 289 



Fortifications, continental, i. 19, 20, 2(>, 
28, 30, 33. 37. (51, 71, 73, 75, 7(), 1)5, 
97, 99, I'll, 2:8, 231, 252, 270 ; 
English, 29lj, 299 ; ii. 24, 72, 77 

Forum Buarium at Rome, i. 107 ; Tra- 
janum, 172 

Foasa Nuova, monastery at, i. 147 

Foster, Sir Ridiard, iv. 259, 265, 273, 
275, 281 

Fotherbee, Sir John, i, 23 

Fountains of Lepidus. See Water-works, 
i. 113 

Fowler, Dr. Edward, Bishop of Glou- 
cester, ii. 312 n 

, Sir Thomas, his aviary, i. 288 

Fox, Colonel, iv. I«j7 

, Dr. Edward, Bishop of Hereford, 

portrait, iii. 301 

. , Sir Stephen and Lady, ii. 8, 129, 

1 34, 1 3b' ; (a Lord Commissioner of 
the Treasury, 139) ; account of him, 
147, 148, 378 ; proposals for his 
daughter, 156 ; directed by the King 
to form regulations, &c., fur Hospital 
at Chelsea, 159, 163, 166, 169; his 
g:reat interest with bankers, 1 62 ; his 
house at Cliiswick, 1 69, 1 75 ; allusions 
to him, 187, 192, 199, 218, 232, 283 ; 
grand dinner given by,241 ; subscrip- 
tion to Greenwich Hospital, 344 n 

Foy, Dr., ii. 350 

Frarapton.Dr.Robert, afterwards Bishop 
of Gloucester, ii. 69, 80 ; sermon 
(1686), 250 ; deprived, 312 n 

Franc, Mons. le, notice of, i. 313; 
ordained of tlie Church of England, i'6. 

France, Scotch forces serving in (1643), 
iv. 337 ; fleet sent to Naples (1648), 
346 — 350 ; proceedings of Court and 
Parliament, 24.5, 322, 345—349, 352 ; 
peace made with O^^^)* >• ^^^ > (de- 
sirous to conclude a treaty with 
Cromwell (1653), iv. 299 n ; tem- 
porising policy of, bbout Cromwell's 
Ambassador (1656), 313; persecution 
of Prote8Unt8(1685), ii. 225 

«« France, the State of," ii. 395 

Francis I., King of France, tomb of, i. 
42 ; his palace, called Madrid, 55, 
256 ; his regard for L. da Vinci, 
226 ; portrait of, 249 

Fraocis a I'aula, St., epitaph, i. 73. 

Franciscan Monastery at Sienna, i. 100 

Francisco, Signor, his skill on the harp- 
sichord, ii. 94, 164 

Franco, John Baptist, manufacturer of 
fire-arras, i. 223 

Frascati, description of, i. 179 
Fraser, or FrisoU, Mr., iv. 70, 223 

, Dr., i. 373 ; iv. 251, 263 u 

, Sir Alexander, ii. 6 

, Mr., books purchased by,ii. 181 

Frato del, paintings by, i. 1 88 

Freart, Roland, treatise of, translated by 

Mr. Evelyn, i. 382 n ; ii. 396 
Frederick, Sir John, his pageant, &C., 

when Lord Mayor, i. 357, and n 
Freeman, Sir lialph, of Betchworth, i. 

Freind, Sir John, judicial sentence upon, 

ii. 340 ; absolved by tliree non-juring 

clei'gymen, 34 1 
French Church in the Savoy, i. 317 ; 

refugees at Greenwich (1687), U. 265 
French, Dr., i. 290, 376 
"French Gardener and English Vine- 
yard" (1658), published, ii. 391, 395 
" French Intelligencer" (1656), iv. 312'n 
Frene, M.,of Paris, his collection, i. 56 
Frey, Hans, famous for his lutes, i. 194 
Frier, Mr., schoolmaster, i. 4 
Frigates, peculiar advantages of, i. 375 n ; 

ii. 304 
Frobisher, Martin, his Journal, iii. 2G2, 
Frognall, Sir Philip Warwick's house at 

ii. 101 
Fromautil, curious clock by, i. 342, 351 
Frost, remarkable (1649), i. 248 
Frowde, Mr., clerk to Mr. Locke, ii. 80 
Fuel, scarcity, &c., of, ii. 25, 26 
Fuensaldague, General under the Prince 

of Conde', iv. 285 n 
Fuente, Marquis de la, pass granted by, 

i. 218 
Fulgosi, Rodolphus, tomb of, i. 207 
FuUiam, Dr., sermon by, ii. 348 
Fuller, Isaac, paintings by, i. 384 
,Mr., iv. 12 

Fullerton, Colonel in the French service, 
iv. 337 

"Fumifugium" (1661), by Mr. Evelyn, 
notice of, i. 84 n ; ii. 12 ; publication of, 
i. 354 and n, 355; ii. 391,395 

Gaddi, Signor, of Florence, collection of, 

i. 189 
Gaetano. See Pulsone 
Gaieta, City of, i. 148 
Gale, Dr. Thomas, Master of St. Paul's 

School, ii. 171, 386; iii. 323, 371; 

MS3. possessed by, 334, 337 
Galicano, Prince, of Rome, i. 177 
" Gallant, the Wild," by Dryden, i. 375 
Galleries in the Vatican, i. 1 39 



Galley-slaves at Mai"seilles, account of, 
i. 80 ; slaves at Leghorn, 90 

Galloway, Thomas Sysderf, Bishop of 
(1650), i. 271 n ; ordination by, 238 

Galloway, Lord (1658), i. 332 

Galway, Henry de Ruvigne, Earl of 
(1701), account of, ii. 365 and n ; iii. 

Gamboo, Castle of, taken by the French, 
ii. 328 

Gaming at Leghorn, i. 91 ; at Venice, 
216 ; at Court, 359 ; ii. 32 

Gardens — Abroad : at the Prince's 
Court at the Hague, i. 21 ; at Leyden, 
26 ; Prince's Court at Brussels, 35 ; 
Jardine Royale at Paris, 49 ; of the 
Thuilleries, 5 1 ; of the Archbishop of 
Paris at St. Cloud, 52; of Cardinal 
Richelieu at Ruell, 53 ; ditto at Riche- 
lieu, 75; at St. Germain's, 55; Fon- 
tainebleau, 58 ; M. Essling at Paris, 
59, at Caen, 62 ; of the Luxemburg 
Palace, 63, 64 ; M. Morine's at Paris, 
65, 265 ; of the Palace of Negroes at 
Genoa, i. 85 ; of the Prince d'Orias' 
at Genoa, 86 ; of the Marquess 
Spinola, 87 ; of the palace of Pitti at 
Florence, 92 ; Palazzo de Medici at 
Rome, 108; Prince Ludovisio's, 109 ; 
Villa Borghesi, 117, 178 ; Cardinal 
Borghese's at Rome, 133 ; Pope's 
palace at Monte Cavallo, 111, 134 ; 
Vatican, 141; Horti Mathsei, 165; 
garden of Justinian, 171,174;Cardiual 
Bentivoglio's, 173; Frascati (Cardinal 
Aldobrandini's), 179 ; Moudragone, 
I80;palace d'Este atTivoli,i6. ; Garden 
of Simples at Sienna, 185 ; at Padua, 
211; of Mantua, i6. ; at Grand Duke's 
near Bologna, 1 90 ; Count Ulmariui's 
at Vincenza, 220 ; Count Giusti's at 
Verona, 222 ; at Geneva, 240, 242 ; 
Gardens of Palais Cardinal at Paris, 
255, 270. In England : atWotton, i. 
2, 3, 39,277; at Sayes Court, 284; 
Lady Brook's at Hackney, 287 ; Mr. 
Tombs's, 288 ; Spring and MulbeiTy 
Gardens, 251, 288, 353; Physic-garden 
at Oxford, 292, 384 ; ii. 99 ; Earl 
of Pembroke's at Wilton, i. 294 ; 
Orangery, &c., at Bedington, 330 ; ii. 
361 ; at Audley-end, i. 305;at NewHall, 
316 ; at Hampton Court, 364 ; Mr. 
Pett's at Chatham, 375 ; at the Earl 
of Norwich, Epping Forest, ii. 43 ; at 
Albury, 52 ; Lord Arlington's at 
Euston, 64 ; at Berkeley House, 

London, 78, 197 ; Lord ^ Lauderdale's 
at Ham, 122 ; Sir Henry Capel's at 
Kew, ib., 189, 272 ; Countess of 
Bristol's at Chelsea, 128 ; Earl of 
Essex at Cashiobury, 140 ; Apothe- 
caries' Garden at Chelsea, 230 ; Lady 
Clarendon's at Swallowfield, 240 ; Sir 
William Temple's at Sheen, 272 ; Mr. 
Evelyn's plan for a Royal Garden, 393 

Gardiner, Sir Thomas, iv. 1 35 n 

Gardner, Mrs., i. 262; marriage of, 272 

Garland, Sir Patrick, iv. 302 

Garmus, Mr., Hamburgh-resident in 
England, his entei'tainment, i. 352 

Garrarde, , iv. 147 

Garret, Lady, iii. 308 ; letter of Mr. 
Evelyn to, 57 

Garrick, David, i. 386 n 

Garro, arrest of Mr. Evelyn by, i. 73 

Garter, Order of the, celebration of St. 
George's day (1667), ii. 22 ; offerings of 
the Knights of, 51 ; Installation of 
the, 22 

Gascoigne, Sir Bernard, ii. 48, 118 

Gassendus, Peter, translation of his 
« Vita Peiriskii" (edit. 1657), i. 319 

Gassion, (soldier), monument for 

at Charenton, i. 254 

Gauden, Sir Denis, ii. 134, 321 

Gaudy, Sir John, account of, ii. 110 

Gaunt, John of, i. 36 ; Hospital of, 298 

Gamnis, Mount, i. 158 

Gaywood, Robert, engraver, iii. 82 

Geare, Sir John, his. conduct before the 
Lords, iii. 8 

Geere, Sir R., present to St James's 
Church, Piccadilly, ii. 201 

Genep on the Waal, siege of, i. 17, 19 

General Pardon issued by Charles I., iv. 
58 and n, 68 ; disUke of, 59 

Geneva, account of, i. 239 — 243 ; book- 
sellers, the Town House, 240, 242 ; 
sports in the Campus Martins, 24 1 ; 
religion, 242; Church of St. Peter, t6.; 
College, 243 

Genner ( Jenner), Sir Thomas, Recorder 
of London, ii. 187 

Genoa (1644), i. 83 ; account of, 83— 88 ; 
Palace of Hieronymo del Negros, 85 ; 
of the Prince d'Orias, 86 ; armoury, 
ib. ; Strada Nova, Churches, 87 ; the 
Mole, and Walls, 84, 87 ; dress of tlie 
inhabitants, 88 n ; besieged by the 
French, ii. 197 

Gens d'armes of Paris, muster of, i. 66 

Gentileschi (Orazio Lomi), painting by, 
i. 167 



** Gentieman's Mac:azine" referred to, 

i. 357 D, 267 n, 370 n, 383 
Georgia, &c., women of, ii. 146 
Georgioni (Giorgio Barbarelli), piunting 

by, i. 3-28 
Gerard, General, his accusation of Lord 

Digby, iv. 166 n 
Gerbier, Sir Ballli., conduct at Paris, 

iv. 339 
Germaine, Lord, i. 253 

, Sir John, ii. 359 
Germany, method of perfuming rooms 

in, i. 311 
Gerrard, Charles, Lord, i. 267, 373 ; ii. 
21 ; account of, i. 409; referred to, 
iv, 195,217,251 n 

, Lady, i. 247, 278, 285—288 

, Sir Gilbert, ii. 250 

Ghent, account of, i. 36 
Ghetto, at Rome, i. 136 ; at Venice, 217, 
Ghisi, Palace of, i. 134, 163 ; chapel of, 
^ 170 

Gibbon, Grinling, carver, discovered by 
Mr. Evelyn, and introduced to the 
King, &c., ii. 53—57 ; carvings by, 
53—57, 119, 134, 142, 168, 176, 201, 
260,261 ; Walpole's account of him, 
53, 54, notes; letter of, to Mr. Evelyn, 
soliciting his recommendation, 54 n 
Gibbons, Christopher, musician, i. 292 
Gibbs, Dr. James Alban, account of, 

i. 101 and n, 144 
Gibson, Dr. Edmund, Bishop of London, 
communication to, by Mr. Evelyn, for 
"Camden's Britannia," iii. 341 and n 
GifTord, Captain, misfortune of, ii. 337 
Gilbert, lapidary of Venice, i. 219 

, Dr. William, portrait of, i. 369 

Gildron, paintings possessed by, i. 250 
Gilpin, i3emard, ii. 259 n 
Giolo, the painted Prince, ii. 350 and n 
Giotto (Ambrogiotto), mosaic by, i. 124 
Giovanni, Signor, of Florence, i. 190 
Giuseppe, Cavaliero, marbles by, i. 125 
Giusti, Count, of Verona, his villa, i. 222 
Gladiators, celebrated statues of, i. 1 02, 

110, 134, 143 
Glanvil, Dr. Joseph, letter of Mr. Evelyn 
to, respecting his " Plus ultra," iii. 
204 ; noticed, ib. 
Glanville, George (brother-in-law of Mr. 
Evelyn), i. 246, 285; ii. 313; Mrs. 
Evelyn's letters to, iv. 12, 15, 16, 22, 
26, 38 ; his death, and burial in the 
sea, ii. 367 ; descendants, ih, 

, William (nephew of Mr. 
Evelyn), ii. 313, 357, 367 

Glanville, Sir John (Speaker), i. 293 

, William (son of Speaker), i. 

284, 293 

Glass manufacture, i. 212 ; ii. 84 ; paint- 
ing, remarks relative to, 1 65 

Glemham, Sir Thomas, Governor of 
Oxford, iv. 164 ; the siege of Oxford, 
167, 171, 176 n; iii. 8 

Glencaim, William Cunningham, llth 
Earl of, iv. 81 

Gloucester, Henry Stuart, Duke of, iv. 
220, 278 n ; Henrietta endeavours to 
pervert his religion, 203, 214—217 ; 
letter of Charles IL to, 203 ; death of, 
i. 341, ii. 52 

Duke of, son of Princess 

Anne, ii. 361 
Gloucester Cathedral, i. 296; castle, ib. 
Gloves, custom of presenting, i. 420 
Glow-worms, flying (Luccioli), i. 195 
Glynne, Serjeant, Commissioner at 

Newport, iv. 185 n 
Godfrey, Sir Edmondbury, murder of, 

ii. 126, 133 
Godolphin, Francis (son of Lord), birth, 

ii. 123, 124 n ; alluded to, 126, 225, 

230 ; marriage of, 350, 369 

, Dr. Henry, ii. 135, 276, 341; 

sermon of, 195 

, Sidney, afterwards Lord 

Godolphin, his marriage, ii. 77, 98 n ; 
Mr. Evelyn builds him a house, 108 ; 
alluded to, 103, 108—110, 123—126, 
135, 211, 218, 220, 225, 261, 285, 
310, 320, 325,333, 335 ; made a Lord 
Commissioner of the Treasury, 129, 
131,199; created Baron Godolphin, 
199 ; his house, Cranbourn, in Wind- 
sor Park, 258 ; subscription to Green- 
wich Hospital, 344 and n ; retires 
from the Treasury, 346 ; his return 
to it, 362, 368 ; letter of Mr. Evelyn 
to, iii. 354 

Mrs., wife of the preceding 

(formerly Mrs. Blagge, ii. 39, 77 n, 
94 n) ; her marriage, 98 ; allusions 
to her, 105, 108, 117 ; birth of her 
son, 1 23 ; her death, ib. ; character, 
&c., 123, 124 ; funeral, 125; papers, 
&c., ib. ; life of, prepared by Mr. 
Evelyn, 124, 381,394 

Sir William, ii. 123, 125, 

127, 130, 199, 218, 225, 276, 325 
Godstone, Surrey, descent of the Evelyns 
of,Pediffree;ii. 397; Sir John Evelyn's 
house at, i. 251, 328 ; monument of 
Sir John Evelyn at, 116 



Godwin, William, his " Lives of Edward 
and John Philips" (1815), i. 377 n 

Goffe, Dr. Stephen, a Romish priest, i. 
19, 376; Mr. Evelyn's conversation 
with, respecting Cressy's Answer to 
Pierce, iii. 139, 141 

■ , Colonel, i. 323 

Golding, Capt., killed in engagement 
, with the Dutch, i. 392 n 

Gondolas of Venice, description of, i. 
, 197, 364 

Good, Dr. Thomas, letters, iii. 247 — 

Goode, Dr., minister of St. Martin's, ii. 

Good-Friday, ceremonies at Rome on, 
i. 176 

Goodman, Dr. Godfrey, Bishop of Glou- 
cester, impeached, iv. 99 n, 123 n 

, Dr., sermon of, ii. 199 

Goodrick, Sir Henry, a subscriber to 
Greenwich Hospital, ii, 344 n 

Goose, unnatural one, i. 287 

Gore, Mrs., married George Evelyn, ii. 

Gorges, Sir Arthur, i. 361 

, Mr., ii. 61 

Goring, Col. George, i. 19, 28, 38; 
account of, 40 1 ; examined by Parlia- 
ment, iv. 56 n, 76 n, 130, 133 

General George, Earl of 

Norwich, iv. 149 n, 154n, 162, 163, 
169, 170,210,220; account of, 133 n; 
Charles's directions to, before battle 
of Naseby, 146 n ; defeated by the 
Parliament, 154 n 

Goring House, i. 391; ii. 38, 46, 82; 
burned, 93 

Gosling, his fine bass voice, ii. 204 

Gospel, ancient copy of St. John's, i. 92 

Gotefridi, Signor, collection of medals, 
i. 178 

Gouge, Dr., iv. 72 

Gouttiere, near Colombiere, caves so 
called, i. 73 

Governe, Madame de, ii. 255 

Grafton, Henry Fitzroy, Duke of 
(natural son of Charles II.), marriage 
of, ii. 77 ; remarriage, 135 ; alluded 
to, 108, 168, 251, 309, 389 ; duel 
fought by, 250 ; death, 309, 310 ; iii. 
319 ; birth of his son, ii. 189 

, Duchess of (daughter of Lord 

Arlington), marriage, ii. 77, 135 ; cha- 
racter and notices of, 135 ; allusions 
to, 112, 184, 187—189, 325; appeal 
to the House of Lords, 327 

Graham, Colonel James, in love with 
Mrs. Dorothy Howard, ii. 100; mar- 
ried, 100 n, 117 ; Mrs. Graham, their 
house at Bagshot, &c., 232, 240 

, Captain, ii. 107 

-, Mr., absconded, ii. 311 ; in 

the Fleet, 340 
Grammont, Anthony Hamilton, Mar- 
shal de, ii. 57, 382 ; iv. 348 ; "Me- 

moires" cited, 122 n 
" Granada, Conquest, or Siege of," a play 

by Dryden, ii. 55 ; iv. 25 
Granado shot, of glass, i. 378 ; ii. 24 
Grand Signior, letters of, to the Popes, 

i. 227 
Grange, ceremony of the Prince de la, 

at Lincoln's Inn (1662), i. 359 
Granger, Rev. James, his "Biographical 

History of England " cited, i. 321 n 
Grantham, notice of the town, i. 302 
Graunt, Mr., his remarks on the Bills of 

Mortality, ii. 97 
Grave, Robert, his print of Rose, gar- 
dener to Charles II., i. 353 n 
Gray, Andrew, eighth Lord, a leader 

for the French King, iv. 337 
Greatorix, Mr., mathematical-instrument 

maker, i. 314 
Grebner, Ezekiel, his " Visions and 

Prophecies concerning England," &c., 

i. 303 ; iv. 62, 227 n 
Greek Church, ceremonies of, i. 174, 

182,209; iii. 219 
Greek historians, &c., iii. 162 
Green, Henry, a florist, iii. 254 
Greenborow, painting by, i. 384 
Greene, Mr., iv. 114, 116 

, Anne, restored after hanging, 

ii. 95 and n 
Greenwich, Italian Glasshouse at, ii. 84 
, Palace at, possessed by the 

rebels, i. 247, 278 ; design of building 
a new Palace at, 356, 361 

Greenwich Hospital, commission for 
endowing, &c., and proceedings in 
relation to it, ii. 333, 335—337, 341 ; 
iii. 345 ; agreement with workmen, ii. 
342 ; first stone laid, 344, 401 ; sub- 
scriptions, ib. ; want of money for (in 
169b), 345 n ; hall and chapel of, 350; 
lottery for, 352 ; Mr. Evelyn's ac- 
counts as Treasurer, 347 n, 363, 367, 
371 ; seamen first received there, 374 

Greenwich Park, elms planted in, i. 378; 
observatory built, ii. 108 

Gregory Xlll., Pope, Cardinal Hugo 
Buoncompagno, Palace built by, i. 



111 ; Chapel, 12-2; his liall iu the 
Vatican, 137 
Gregory XIV., Pope, Cardinal Niccolo 
Sfroudati, bridge built by, i. 99 

Gregory, &ir. Justice, a subscriber to 
Greenwich Hospital, ii. 345 n 

Grenadiers, firet introduction of, J 19 

Grenviile, Bernard, house at Abs Court, 
ii. 88 

, Sir Richard and John, after- 
wards Earl of Bath, discontented with 
the Royalists, iv. 154 ; letters of 
Cluurles II. to procure arms aud men, 
198 ; to hold himself ready for his 
service, ib. 

Gresham, Sir Thomas, statue of, pre- 
served in tlie Fire of London, ii. 1 4 

Gresham College, meetings of Royal 
Society at, i. 344, 345 ; ii. 26, 89 {sec 
Royal Society), enquiry into Reve- 
nues of, i. 365—360 

Gressy, &lons. de, iv. 338 

Grew, Dr. Nehcmiah, ii. 117, 385 

Grey, Forde, Lord, proclamation against, 
ii. 178; defeated with the Duke of 
Monmouth, and taken, 226 ; con- 
demned and pardoned, 245 ; heavily 
fined, 261 

— — Lady Mary, iii. 380 

Mr. (sou of Lord Grey), ii. 59 

Griffin, Mr., engaged iu service of 
Charles II., iv. 300 

Griffith, Prince, i. 257 

, Captain, i. 275 

, Lord, his Chapel (1693), ii. 325 

, Sir John, i. 398 

Grimaldi family, i. 82 

Grimaldi, Giovanni Francesco (II Bo- 
lognese), i. 167 

Grimani Palace, i. 209 

Grimstone, Sir Ilarbottle, a Commis- 
sioner at Newport, iii. 21 ; iv. 185 n 

Grindal, Edmund, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, monument of, ii. 361 

Grocers' Hall, banquet at (1649), iii. 55 

Groomsbridge (Kent), house aud chapel, 
i.281; ii. 91 

Grotius, Hugo, his escape from Fort 
Lovestein, i. 20 

, Mons. (son of Hugo), i. 217 

Grotto del Cane, Naples, i. 156 

Guarda-Damos, office of, i. 363 

Guarini, Uattista, portrait of, i. 166 

Gucrcliino,Ciiovanni Francisco Barbicro, 
called, painting by, i. 193 

Gnesclin, Bertrand du, his sepulchre, 
i. 42 

Guicciardini, Francisco, portrait, ii. 109 
Guido. Sec lleni 
Guildford, Surrey, i. 286 

, Elizabetli, Countess of, i. 343, 

Guildhall, London, paintings in, i. 369 ; 

ii. 85 ; Loi'd Mayor's feast in (1664), 

i. 385 
Guilford, Francis North, Lord, his lady, 

and chai*acter, ii. 356 
Guillotine, in Naples, Venice, and France, 

i. 183, 209 
Guise, Duke of, i. 80, 81 ; ii. 57 ; his 

death, iv. 218 
Gunman, Captain, ii. 104 ; account of 

him, 219 
Gunning, Dr. Peter, Bishop of Ely, 

sermons of, and allusions to, i. 323, 

326, 333, 334; ii. 81, 82, 104 ; cha- 
racter, &c., of, 81 ; opinion on the 

Test, 127 ; death, 200 
Guns first used at Genoa, i. 87 
Guuson, Treasurer of the Navy, ii. 172; 

iii. 392 
Gurney, Sir Richard, Lord Mayor(l 64 1 ), 

iv. 82, 106, 128 
Gustavus Adolphus II., King of Sweden, 

i. 239 
Gustavus X., King of Sweden, iv. 220 ; 

invades Poland, 223 n, 304, 314 
Guttemberg, John, i. 27 
Guzman, Don Gaspar de Teves y, 

Spanish Ambassador at Venice, i. 

Gwvnne, NeU, i. 10 n ; ii. 57, 162, 206, 


Haak, Theodore, iii. 241 

Hacker, Col. Francis, regicide, exe- 
cuted, i. 341 

Hacket, Dr. John, Bishop of Lichfield, 
sermon of, i. 329 

Haddock, Sir Richard, lottery prize 
gained by, ii. 326 

Haerlem, church, &c., of, i. 25 ; per- 
spective model of, 312 

Hague, the Hoff, or Pi-ince's Court at, 
i. 21 1 Hoff van Hounslers Dyck, 28 

Hale, Sir Matthew, Chief Justice of the 
King's Bench, ii. 60, 382 

Hales, John, of Eton, portrait, iii. 301 ; 
library, 307 

, Edward, of Chilston (cousin of 

Mr. Evelyn), ii. 4 

, Mr., ii. 130 

, Sir Edward, i. 300, 310 

, Sir Edward, Governor of Dover 



Castle, ii. 251 and n ; Lieutenant of 

the Tower, 276 
Halford, Sir Henry, College of Phy- 
sicians opened by, ii. 174 n 
Halifax, Sir George Savile, Marquis of, 

ii. 34, 62, 107, 211, 282, 285, 293, 303 ; 

death of, 335 
Hall, Dr. Joseph, Bishop of Exeter, 

translated to Norwich, ii. 173 ; iv. 

82 n ; questioned by Parliament, 99 n 
, patent of King's printer refused 

to, ii. 250 

, Dr., sermon of, i. 330 ; ii, 41 

Halle, , iv. 224 

Halls and Exchanges, notices of, various, 

i. 21,34, 47, 210, 219 
Ham, Duke of Laudex'dale's house, &c,, 

at, ii. 122 
Hamburgh, siege of (1686), ii. 257; 

succoured, 258 
Hamilton, James, first Duke, iii. 15; 

trial (1648), i. 248; execution, 249 

and n ; portrait, iii. 301 
, James, third Marquis, i. 273 ; 

flies from the Court, iv. 91, 97, 111 ; 

his letters to Charles, 104, 112; speech 

published, 121 ; his envy of Marquis 
• of Montrose, 1 35 n ; estates in France, 

337 ; executed (1648), 105 n ; refer- 
ences to, 68, 107 

-, Lieut.-Col., iii. 35; iv. 163, 


,William Douglas,Duke(1660), 

i;340; ii.5 ; (1682), 170; taken (1690), 
308 ; marriage of his son, 270 

Lady, and George her hus- 

band, ii. 1 04 

-, Rev. Mr., i. 271 n 


Hanmer, Sir Thomas, i. 319 ; portrait 

of, ii. 203 
Hanover, Duke of, excluded from the 

British throne (1689), ii. 300 

, Sophia, Electress of, i. 401 

" Hamlet, Prince of Denmark,' 

formed, i. 358 
Hammond, Col. Robert, his promise to 

Charles I., iv. 1 74 n 

, Dr. Henry, i. 290 

. , founder of a fellowship, &c., 

iii. 342 
Hampden, John, ii. 151 ; committed to 

the Tower, 178, 190 ; tried, 194 

, Mr. (1693), ii. 326 

Hampstead, Lord Wotton's house at, 

ii. 106 
Hampton Court, Charles I. at, i. 245 ; 

court held there (1665), 396 ; palace at, 

ii. 363 ; ii. 300 ; noticed, iv. 131, 132, 

Hanging, women restored after, ii. 95 
Hanging Tower at Pisa, i, 89, 185 ; at 

Florence, 92 ; at Bologna, 192 

Harbord, Sir Charles, i. 353 ; his son's 

death, ii. 75 

, Ambassador, his death, ii. 322 

Harby, Sir Job, employed by Charles T., 

iv. 73, 83, 85, 90, 98, 164, 178 ; his 

family, 73 n 
Harcourt, Count d', Grand Ecuyer de 

France, i. 269 ; iv. 246 

, Earl of, ii. 299 n 

, Sir Simon, i. Introducti<yn, 

xxxiii. ; ii. 366 
Harding, Mr. Richard, allusions to, by 

Queen of Bohemia, iv. 210, 213, 217 

Hardwick Hall, plaster floor at, i. 86 n 
" Hardwick State Papers " cited, iv. 

340 n, 215 n 
Harlakenton, Mr., i. 310 
Harleian Manuscripts referred to, iv. 

133, 140, 340, notes 
Harley, Col. Edward, ii. 1 25 n 

, Robert, Earl of Oxford, Speaker? 

of House of Commons, ii. 363 and n 

Harman, Captain, ii 5 

Harris, Mr., candidate for Boyle 
lectureship, iii. 367 

Harrison, Sir John, house near Hert- 
ford, i. 39 

, Henry, executed, ii. 317 n 

Hartlib, Samuel, visit to, by Mr. Evelyn, 
i. 310 ; notice of, 412 ; alluded to, 
iii. 115, 389, 391 ; letter to Mr. 
Evelyn, 131 

Hartlip, Kent, war prisoners at, ii. 72 

Harvey, Sir Daniel, ii. 5 

•, Dr., statue of, i. 369 ; anniver- 
sary oration, 381 

•, Mr., of Combe, ii. 375 

Harwood, Dr., iii. 38 1 

Hasted,'Edward, his " History of Kent " 
referred to, i. 281 n, 282 n, 375 n 

Hatfield, palace at, i. 39 

Hatton, Christopher, Lord, i. 251, 253, 
257, 262, 319, 353 ; iv. 135, 151, 169, 
192 ; house of, at Kirby, 302 

, Lady, i. 251, 323, 406 

, Sergeant Richard (cousin of 

Mr. Evelyn), i. 246 

-, Edward, his " New View of 

London," ii. 79 n 
Hatton Garden, built over, i. 332 ; exhi- 
bition in, ii. 88 



HMOse, M. de, his library, &c., i. 56 

Hav&iuiah, Governor of, his misfortunes, 

HAvre de Grace, citadel, &c. of, i. 61 ; 
bombarded, ii. 331 

Hawkins, Sir John, letters of, iii. 380 

Hawley, Lord, ii. 67 

Hayes, Sir James, ii. 77 

, William, iv. 38 

Hay-Hill Farm, notice of, ii. 78 n 

Hay-Market, paving of (1662), i. 365 

Haywood, Sir William, ii. 67 

Headache, cure for, i. '250 

Headly, Thomas, servant of Mr. Evelyn, 
i. 287 

Heard, Sir Isaac, Garter King of Arms, 
great age of, ii. 222 n 

Heartli Tax, abolition of, ii. 294 

Heath, Mr. and Mrs., i. 275, 298 ; ii. 
32 ; iii. 95 

Heaviside, Mr., i. 345 a 

Heber, Dr. Reginald, late Bishop of 
Calcutta, his " Life of Bishop Taylor," 
referred to, iii. 69 n, 91 n 

Hebert, Mr. Evelyn's valet, robs him, 
i. 245 

Hebrew manuscript, i. 1 40 

Hedges, Sir Charles, ii. 362 

Hegge, R., his MS. " Life of Sir Cuthbert," 
iii. 3a3, 384 

Heinsius, Daniel, notice of, i. 26, 402 ; 
hbrary, ii. 181 

Helena, St., statue of, i. 123; monument, 
128 ; chapel, 173 

Helmsley, Yorkshire, estate of Duke of 
Buckingham, ii. 343 and n 

Hemly Hall, Staffordshire, iv. 145 

Henchman, Dr. Humphrey, Bishop of 
London, i. 334, 339 ; ii. 8, 69 

, Mr., i. 339 

Henrietta Maria, Q,ueen of Charles I., 
her order of Capuchins, iv. 61 n, 73, 
109, 334 ; summons of Lords aud 
Bishops by, 83 ; claim for remainder 
of her dowry, 332 ; letter on recep- 
tion of Cliarles I. at E<linburgb, 50 ; 
directions to Sir Ed. Nicholas about 
Charles's free pardon, 58 ; answer to 
Parliament on the education of the 
Prince, 105 n ; intercedes for Father 
Phillips, 1 14 n ; letters to Sir Edward 
Nicholas, to direct attendance of Earl 
Caernarvon in Parliament, 115; to 
forward her despatch, 118 ; to direct 
tlie attendance of certain Lords in 
Parliament, 124 ; to inform Lord 
CbamberUin to prepare for the King's 

return, 131 ; her reception at Tours, 
i. 74 ; resides at Bourbon I'Archam- 
baut, 76 ; averse to tlie Duke of York's 
marriage, 34 1 ; her attempts to pervert 
the Duke of Gloucester, iv. 203, 214 n, 
216 n ; arrives in England, i. 342 ; 
visits Mr. Evelyn, 366 ; compliment 
to him, 386 ; alluded to, i. 253, 337, 
342—344, 361, 366 n, 368, 371, 381, 
417 ; iv. 49—53, 74—125, 149—155 

Henrietta, Princess (daughter of Charles 
I.), i. 342 ; condescension to Mrs. 
Evelyn, &c., 343 ; married to Duke 
of Orleans, ii. 53 n 

Henry IV., King of France, statues of, 
i. 44, 58, 128 ; book of drawings be- 
longing to, 259 ; letters of, iii. 380 ; 
attentive to his maritime interests, 

VII., Emperor, i. 185 

VII., King of England, picture 

of, at Whitehall, i, 312 ; referred to, 
316 ; "Office" of, at WhitehaU, ii. 

VIII., King of England,his Book 

against Luther, i. 140 ; portrait of, 
249 ; an « office " of, 292 ; chimney- 
piece belonging to, 308 ; referred to, 

-, Prince of Wales, son of James 

I., his palace at Charlton, i. 278 ; col- 
lection of coins, &c., iii. 305 

Henshaw, Thomas, with Mr. Evelyn 
abroad, i. 88, 164, 173, 177, 181, 213, 
215; allusions to, after his return, 
248, 252, 285, 313, 318, 328 ; ii. 107; 
recommended for an embassy by Mr. 
Evelyn, i. 338 ; and as French secre- 
tary to the King, 353 ; his "History 
of Salt Petre," ib. ; return from 
Denmark, &c., ii. 102, 142 ; letter of 
Mr. Evelyn to, iii. 375 ; etchings 
dedicated to, by Mr. Evelyn, ii. 396 

Heralds' College, part of the Arundel 
library presented to, ii. 122 

Herbert, Richard, Lord, i. 287 

, Edward, Lord (1665), 390 

, Sir Edward, Lord Chief Justice 

of the King's Bench, bold speech, ii. 
255 ; a Commissioner for ecclesiastical 
affairs, 256 ; his house at Oatlands, 
269 and n ; attainted, &.e.,ib. 

-, Lord Edward, of Cherbury, i. 


ii. 298 

-, Sir Henry, i. 276, 389 
, Admiral,defeated by the French, 



Herbert, Mr. (nephew of Lord Herbert), 

ii. 165, 313 
, Sir Edward, Attorney-General, 

i, 255 ; iv. 59, 117, 121, 129, 170, 233, 

262—264, 270, 273 n, 282, 321 n ; 

King Charles I.'s observations on the 

conduct of, 169 

-, Lady, i. 255, 262 ; iv. 208, 

212, 252 
, Sir Thomas, his " Memoirs of 

King Charles I." referred to,iv. 176 n, 

182 n 
Hercules, i. 156, 158; temple of, at 

Milan, 226 
" Hercules in Lydia," an opera, i. 204 
Hereford, Lord Viscount, his house at 

Ipswich, ii. Ill 
Hermit of the Colosseum at Rome, i. 1 1 6 
Hertford, William Seymour, Marquis 

of, iv. 102, 105 n, 135 n, 137, 143, 

154 n, 179, 195 
Hertfordshire, loyalty of the gentry, iv. 
, 127, 132 ; remarkable robbery in 

(1692), ii. 322 
Hervey, John, i. 312; ii. 123 

, Mr., of Betchworth, ii. 366 
Hewer, Dr., L 286 ; condemned, 327 ; 

and executed, 328 

■ , Mr., house at Clapham, ii. 320 ; 

account of him, ib. 
Hewson, regicide, executed, i. 342 
Heylin, Dr. Peter, sermon by, i. 346 
Hicks, Sir William, his house and family 

at Ruckholt, i. 332 and n 
Hieroglyphics, stone inscribed with, 

communicated by Mr. Evelyn to 

Kircher, i. 213 
Higgins, Sir Thomas, his daughter, ii. 

Higham, Rev. Mr.,ii. 110 ; sermons by, 

i. 286, 305 ; his death, ii. 196 
Highland dragoons (1694), ii. 329 ; two 

Dutchmen killed bv one of them, ib. 
Hill, Abraham, F.R.S., ii. 165, 171 ; iii. 

366, 367, 381 
Hinton, Mi\ William, letter of Charles 

IL to, iv. 197 
Hippodrome at Rome, i. 165 
" Histoire Critique," of Father Simon, 

strictures on, iii. 264 
Historiographer, Royal, recommended, 

iii. 215 
History, advice for the study of, iii. 162 

Hoare, Richard, an excellent penman, i. 

252 ; strange sickness of, 285 
Hobbes, John, il 128 ; visited by Mr. 

Evelyn, i. 268, 31 1 ; book against his 

" Leviathan," 284 
Hobbson, Mr., of Venice, merchant, i. 

Hobson, the Cambridge carrier, i. 304 
Hoefnagle, George, print by, ii. 1 n 
HofF Van Houuslers Dyck, account of, 

i. 28 
Holbein, Hans, portraits, &c. by, i. 249, 

288, 303, 343; iL 120, 122, 147, 188, 

264 ; alluded to, iii. 296 
Holborne, Mr., supports Charles's right 

to election of officers, iv. 101 
Holden, Dr., vicar of Deptford, i. 255 ; 

ii. 105; character of, 81 ; sermon of, 

Holder, Dr., ii. 195 

, Mr., iv. 235 n, 236, 258, 264, 

267, 270 ; Sir Edward Hyde's opinion 
of, 255 n, 261, 265 

Holland, Henry Rich, first Earl of, iv. 
60 n, 105 ; account of, 105 n, 338 ; 
appointed Lord General bej-ond Trent, 
129; execution of, i. 249 ; portrait, 
iii. 301 

Holland, Sir John, ii. 17 

Holland, Cromwell's dissimulation with, 
iv. 209 ; propositions to engage its 
assistance to Charles IL, 248, 253 ; 
war with, i. 279 ; fleet defeated, iv. 
278 n ; concludes peace with Crom- 
well, 298; letter of States of, to Prin- 
cess Dowager of Orange, 226 ; present 
of the States of, to Charles II.,i. 364; 
peace witli, ii. 28 ; embassy from, to 
William III., 299 

" Hollandia Illustrata," referred to, i. 20 

Hollar, Winceslaus, his arrival in Eng- 
land, i, 13 ; notice of, 16, 401 ; 
engravings by, 309 n, 338 n ; ii. 
17 ; plan for rebuilding London, iii. 
72 n 

Holies, Denzill, Lord, creation of, &c., 
i. 347 ; iii. 243 ; iv. 185 n ; account 
of,i. 416 

, Mr. Jarvis, his message to the 

Lords, iv. 97 
Holloway, Sir Richard, Justice of the 

King's Bench, ii. 276, 297 
Holly-hedges, on cultivating, iii. 274 
Holmby House, ruins of, ii. 100 
Holmes, Mr., iv. 278 

•, Sir Robert, ii. 39, 69, 79, 90, 


Holt, Sir John, Lord Chief Justice of 
the King's Bench, a subscriber to 
Greenwich Hospital, ii. 344 n 



Holy Island, stores taken from, hy the 

Parliament, iv. 6i 
Holj Thursday, ceremonies on, at Rome, 

i. 175 
Holy-well, near Malvern Hills, i. 297 
Homer, ancient edition of, ii. 352 
Hondius, William, of Amsterdam, i. 

25, 402 
Honflcur, in Normandy, notice of, i. 61 
Honson, Grange, Staffordshire, sale of, 

Honywood, Lieutenant, i. 19 
Hooke, Dr. Robert, i. 378, 396, 419 ; 

built Montagu House, ii. 106, 135, 

Hooper, Dr. George, bishop of St. 

Asaph, iL 386 ; sermon of, 159. 
— — , Bishop John, iii. 380 
Hope, Thomas, his seat called Deepden, 

i. 308 n 
Hopkins, William, engraving by, i. 369 
Hopton, Sir Arthur (uncle to Sir Ralph, 

Lord Hopton), i. 251,405; ii. 233 n ; 

iv. 93 n, 192 
, Sir Ralph (afterwards Lord 

Hopton), iv. 93 n 
*' Horace," Mrs. Phillips' tragedy of, ii. 

32, 38 ; iv. 14 
Horatii and Curiatii, tomb of, i. 163, 165 
Ilomeck, Dr. Anthony, character of, ii. 

173 and n ; sermon by his son, 356 
Hominghold, Leicestershire, seat of, i. 

297, 302 
Horns at Hampton Court, i. 364 
Horse baited to death, ii. 27 
Horscheath, Lord AUington's house at, 

ii. 4S and n 
Horsemanship, Duke of Newcastle on, 

ii.22n; iii. 246 
Horses, fine sculptures of, i. 104, 110; 

racing of Barbary at Rome, 174; 

regard of a woman for one, 223 ; 

Turkish or Asian, brought over, 1684, 

ii. 201 ; Charles XL's sold, iv. 199 
Horticulture, S]>anish, letter respecting, 

ii. 36 ; iii. 201 
** Hortus MaUbarictis," iii. 259 
Hoskins, Sir John, ii. 145 ; President of 

Royal Society, 170 ; iii. 381 
Hospital, called Christ's Hospital at 

Rome, i. 145 
Hospitals, various notices of, abroad, i. 

22, 23, 4:1, 78, 95, 97, 145, 167, 225, 

243,256, 262 ; in England, 2.08 
Hotel Dieu, and Hotel de la Charity, i. 49 
Hotliam, Sir John, commander of Hull, 

i. 301 

Houblon, Mr., merchant, ii. 128, 237, 
385 ; his house on Epping Foi-est, 

', Sir John, a subscriber to 

Greenwich Hospital, ii. 344 n 
Hough, Dr. John, made Bishop of Wor- 
cester, ii. 310 and n 
Houghton, Mr., F.R.S., L Introduction, 


HouUies, a species of fuel, ii. 26 

Hounslow Heath, camp on (1678),ii. 119; 
(1686), 231,254, 267 

Household, Comptroller of the, public 
dinnera of, i. 376 

Household, Royal, purveyors of the, 
regulated, ii. 172 and n 

How, John, complained of Bishop Bur- 
net's book (1693), ii. 323; Mr. How 
made a Baron, 365 

Howard, Anne, wife of Sir G. Silvius, ii. 
100 andn, 116 

, Bernard, i. 365 ; ii. 203 

, Chai-les, i. 365, 380, 381 ; 

house at Dorking, 308 ; ii. 52 

-, Craven, law-suit against his 

mother, ii. 100 and n, 101 ; account of 
him, 100, note 

-, Dorothy, ii. 83 ; married to 

Colonel Graham, 100, 116, 232, 240 

, Edward, i. 365 

-, Lord George (son of sixth 

Duke of Norfolk, by Mrs. Bickerton), 
ii. 120 n 

, Henry, Lord, grandson of 

the Earl of Arundel (afterwards 
sixth Duke of Noi-folk), at Padua, i. 
215, 219, 405 ; villa at Albury, 
pictures, &c., 308 ; ii. 29 ; procures 
tlie dukedom to be restored, and 
compounds a debt of his grandfather's, 
i. 364 ; Mr. Croone recommended by 
Mr. Evelyn to travel with his sons, 
iii. 138 ; permitted the Royal Society 
to meet at Arundel House, and gave 
them the Arundelian library, ii. 21, 
38 ; presented the Arundelian marbles 
to Oxford University, 29—31, 41; iii. 
198, 219 ; created Lord on his 
embassy to Morocco, ii. 31, 39 ; con- 
versation with Mr. Evelyn respecting 
marriage of his son, his own con- 
nexion with Mrs. Bickerton, his house 
at Norwich, &c., 65, 66 ; alluded to, 
i, 332, 333, 365 ; ii. 35, 38, 42, 78. 
See Norfolk. 

-, Henry (son of the preceding, 

afterwards seventh Duke of Norfolk), 



i. 365, 380 ; ii. 23, 42 ; iii. 138. See 

Howard, Philip (afterwards Cardinal), 
i. 219, 365 ; ii. 45 

, Sir Robert (son of the Earl of 

Berks), play by, i. 371 ; alluded to, 
378 n ; ii. 18, 39, 378, 387 ; im- 
peached Sir VV. Penn, 33 ; " an 
universal pretender," 175, 211 ; his 
house at Ashted, 196 

, Mr. Thomas (son of Sir 

Robert), ii. 313 ; his death, 364 

Thomas, Earl of Arundel, 

Earl xMarshal, iv. 57, 62, 67, 83, 93 
-, Lord Thomas (son of Henry, 

sixth Duke of Norfolk), i. 365, 380 ; 
ii. 23, 121 ; iii. 138 ; his children 
alluded to, ii. 359 

-, Lord, of Escrick, concerned in 

the Ryehouse plot, and discovered his 
associates, ii. 179 ; Algernon Sidney 
executed on his single witness, 1 90 

Mrs. (widow of William, 

fourth son of first Earl of Berkshire), 
and her daughters, ii. 39, 99, 100 n, 
101, 116; law-suit against, by her 
son, 100, 101 

-, Earls of Berkshire, mansion 

of, ii. 20 n 

Hoy, Dr., Mr. Evelyn's opinion of his 
talents, iii. 375 

Huddleston, Father, a popish priest, 
administered the sacrament to King 
Charles II. in extremis, ii. 206 n 

Hudibras (Samuel Butler), portrait, iii 

Hughes, Margaret, mistress of Charles 
II., ii, 18 n, 379 

Huguenots, zealous for Cromwell, iv. 
313 ; persecution of, io France, ii. 
242—245,249—254,253,269, 271— 
273 ; brief in England for relieving, 
251, 252 ; book exposing the perse- 
cution burnt, &c. 253 ; released and 
driven out of France, 271 ; remorse 
and massacre of those who had con- 
formed to the Romish faith, ih. 

Hull, town of, noticed, i. 301 

Hume, Colonel Alexander, assumed the 
name of Evelyn, Pedigree, ii. 397, 367 

Humorists, academy of, at Rome, i. 
166 ; iii. 310 

Hungate, Sir Henry and Sir Philip, iv. 
117—120, 132 

Hungerford, Edward, of Cadenham, i. 
289, 295, 297 n 

Hungerfox'd, town of, i. 290 


Hunter, Dr. A., editor of Evelyn's 

" Sylva," ii. 395 ; references to that 

work, i. Introduction, xvii. xxii. 
Huntercomb, Bucks, descent of the 

Evelyns of. Pedigree, ii. 397 
Huntingdon, Theophilus Hastings, Earl 

and Countess of, ii. 47, 62 
, Henry Hastings, Earl of, 

summoned by the Queen, iv. 84 
Huntingdon, Mayor of, addresses King 

Charles I., iv. 134 n; custom at, i. 

Huntingtower, Lord, ii. Ill 
Huntly, a cavalier, beheaded, iii. 42 
Hurcott, manor of (Worcester), i. 246, 

Hurt, Mr., purchased Warley Magna 

(1655), i. 310 
Husbandry and gardening of the 

ancients, iii. 363 
Huss, John, medal of his martyrdom, ii. 

200 ; iii. 298 
Hussey, Peter, of Sutton, ii. 52 ; his 

attention to husbandry, &c., 158 

Mr., his attachment to Mr, 

Evelyn's daughter, and death, ii. 227 

, Mr.,married daughter of George 

Evelyn, ii. 333 

Hutcheson, Lady, ii. 47 

Huygens, Constantine, i. 381 ; notice of, 
ii. 60, 383 ; his wax taper for studying 
by, iii. 209 

Hyde, Dr., brotlier of Sir Henry, &c., 
i. 383 ; ii. 41, 381 

, Sir Edward (afterwards Earl of 

Clarendon), ii. 135 ; supports Charles's 
right to election of officers, iv. 101 ; 
with the Prince of Wales (1645), 231 ; 
correspondence with Sir R. Browne 
(1646—1659) on affairs of Charles IL 
and of Em-ope, 233 — 323 ; dissatisfied 
with Charles's leaving Jersey for 
Pai-is, 233 ; on a servant of Sir R. 
Browne, 238 ; his distress in exile, 
254—258, 261, 269, 291, 297 ; his 
opinion of Mr. Taylor, 247 and n ; of 
Mr. Holder, 235, 255, 261, 264; ill- 
ness, 265, 303 ; See Carteret, charges 
brought against, 297 n ; present sent 
to, by Sir R. Browne, 289, 295, 297 ; 
borrows money of Sir R. Browne, 
305 ; at Antwerp (1656), 311, 320 ; 
made Lord Chancellor, 232, 321 n ; 
interests himself about a person im- 
prisoned, 322 n. See Clarendon 

, Anne, Sir S. Compton in love 

with, iv. 208 n ; at a masquerade at 
D D 



Tilling, 215, 224 ; married to James 
Bukeof York, i. 341, 343; iv. 3-21 ; 
her desertion of the Church of 
England misrepresented, iiL 255 ; 
alluded to, i. 361 ; iv. 208 

Hyde, Lady Frances, ii. 83 

, Lady Harrietta, ii. 8 

Hyde Park, toll at (1653), i. 284 ; coach- 
race in (1658), 327 ; referre<i to 
(1660) 338 ; (1661), 351 ; (1667), ii. 
23 ; review in (1663), i. 374 ; (1686), 
ii. 251 

Hyldiard, Henry, of East Horsley, i. 
285, 305 ; ii. 253, 313 ; his sons, i. 
24 «, 273 

Hysduue, town and fort of, i. 29 

IcK, blue and transparent, ii. 107 

*• Icon Animanim" (1614), notice of that 
work, i. 183 and n 

II Ponte, notice of, i. 191 

Iraperati, Ferdinando, plants of, i. 152 

- ImposU)r8, Three, History of" (1669), 
by Mr. Evelyn, ii. 38 and n, 392, 396 

Inchequin, Loi-d, Governor of Tangiers, 
ii. 143 

Inchiquin, Marque&«, i. 263 

, Murrough O'Bryen, Lord, 

iv. 254 n, 264 

Incident, The (1641), account of that 
affair, iv. 91—97, 105. 107, 111 

Indian Ambassadors (1682), account of, 
ii. 167, 168 

** Indian Queen," a play, i. 378 

Infirmary fur sick and wounded, Mr. 
Evelyn's plan for, ii. 3 ; iii. 175—186 

Inglish, Esther, beautiful writing of, i. 
291 and n 

Ingoldsby, Sir , house at York, 

i. 301 

Inks for copying, i. 31 1 

Innisbofin, iv. 237 ; besieged and cap- 
tured (1653), 266 n, 269, 284 

Innocent X. Cardinal Giovanni-Battista 
Pamphilio, Pope, his election to the 
papal chair, i. 98; procession to St. 
John di Laterano, 98, 1 30 

Inquisition, references to the,i. 135, 224, 
229, 230 

Insensati, Society of, iii. 310 

Interest, lawfulness of, considered, iii. 

Ipswich, account of, i. 315 ; ii. Ill, 112 

Ireland, nomination of bishops for, i. 
339 ; remarks respecting its natural 
hi8t<»ry, 357 ; map of, by Sir Wil- 
liam Petty, ii. 96 ; ships kept back 

from (1641), iv. 62; Rebellion in 
tlie North of, 97, 106—108 ; Treaty 
with the City of London for pay of 
soldiers in, 108 ; progress of tlie 
Rebels in, 110, 122 ; Troops sent to, 
112; Commons onler Lord Lieutenant 
to raise Volunteers, 119 ; Rebels give 
out that they are instigated by the 
King, 108, 127, 129, 161 ; Scotch 
troops employed to quell, 122, 125 ; 
Parliamentary Instrueiions for Loi-d 
Lieutenant, 128 ; arms, &c., sent to 
(1642), 336 ; remark of King Charles 
I. respecting, 97 n ; intrigues of Spain 
with, 173 ; proceedings in (1653), for 
Charles II., 276 ; (1654), 300 ; criti- 
cal state of (1689), ii. 294, 298 ; pro- 
ceedings respecting forfeited estates 
(1700), 356, 359 ; Lord Galway 
removed from Lord Lieutenancy, 
365 ; paper relating to (1587), iii. 363 

Ireton, Henry, regicide, iii. 34 ; mur- 
ders by, at Colchester, i. 276, 315 ; 
death, 273 ; funeral, 275 ; disinter- 
ment, &e., 345 

Irish Parliament prorogued (1 641), iv. 87 

Irish regiments, France and Spain apply 
to Parliament for, iv. 53 n ; Charles 
engages to grant to Spain, 53, 54 ; 
Lords and Commons hold a conference 
concerning, 54 ; refuse them, 54 n, 66 

Irish Kebellion breaks out, i. 38 

Ironmongers' Hall, dinner at (1671), 
ii. 62 

Iron Crown at Milan, i. 227 

Iron ovens, portable, ii. 8 

Iron work of England, i. 293 

Isaac, Moiis., dancing master, ii. 164, 214 

Isaacson, Henry, historical work of, iii. 
164 n 

Isabella, Queen of Castile, iii. 245 

Isabella, Island of, i. 231 

Isis, statue of, in Palazzo Farnese, i. 144 

Islands about Venice, i. 202, 210—212 

Isle Bouchard, i. 74 

Isle of Wight, debate on its government 
(1641), iv. 109, 130; the King's fare- 
well speech there, 185 

Italian Opera, introduction of into 
England, i. 331 ; ii. 90 

singer, female, encouragement 

given to in (1703), ii. 370 
Iialy, various notices concerning, i. 85 
—2.30 ; Mount Vesuvius, 153, 154 ; 
measures of churches in, 1 94 ; etch- 
ings of views in, by Mr. Evelyn, 
ii. 396 



Jackson, Mr., heir to Mr. Pepys, ii. 371 

Jacomb, Dr., ii. 90 

Jamaica, i. 341 ; ii. 59, 68 ; design of 
the Dutch upon (1673), 80 ; earth- 
quake at (1692), 321 ; iii. 328, 329 ; 
profanely mimicked at the Southwark 
Fair, ii. 322 

James, Duke of York, after King James 
II. ; letters of, to Sir Edward Nicholas 
and Lord Culpepper, for money, iv. 
199,200; (1651),()n the King's esteem 
for Sir Edward, 200 ; gallantry of, in 
an engagement with the Pi-ince of 
Coude, 236 and n ; in favour at the 
French Court, 262 n, 352 ; with the 
army of Turenne (1563), 265 n, 294 ; 
quarrels with Charles II. (1658), 321 
n ; discourse with Mr. Evelyn (1 662), 
i. 358 ; visits him at Deptford, &c., 
361 ; " Life of, written by himself," 
quoted, 347 n, 392 n ; ii. 25 n, 70 n ; 
iii. 279 ; sailing-match with Charles 
II., i. 354 ; letter to Mr. Evelyn on 
the Dutch fleet, 392, 394 ; kind re- 
ception of Mr. Evelyn, ii. 2 ; opposed 
laying-up men of war (1667), 25 n ; 
forbears receiving the sacrament, 70 
n, 82 ; marriage with Mary of Mo- 
dena, 89 and n ; neglects to attend 
the Protestant worship, 105 ; Com- 
mons vote against, lor recusancy, 
129; Hbellous papers against, 130; 
his case as to the succession, 155 ; 
remarkable escape of, from shipwreck, 
167 ; iii. 256 ; office of admiral, 
restored to, ii. 196 ; his account of 
the last hours of Charles II., 205 n ; 
speech in council on his accession, 
207 — 209 ; proclaimed, 209 ; opens a 
popish oratory at Whitehall, 212; 
lets to farm duties of customs, &c., 
211 ; coronation, 220 ; his first speech 
to Parliament, 222; discourse re- 
specting relics, &c., 233 ; reception 
at Portsmouth (1685), 235 ; remarks 
on his character, 236; celebration of 
his birth-day (1685), 239 ; improve- 
ments at Whitehall, ib ; speech to 
Parliament, 244 ; anniversary of his 
accession, 249 ; birth-day (1686), 258; 
speech to a deputation from Coventry, 
267 ; alarm at the Dutch fleet, 273 ; 
enjoins the reading of his declaration 
for liberty of conscience, ib ; his con- 
sternation at the landing of the Prince 
of Orange, 280—284 ; his flight and 
return to Whitehall, 285 ; his return 

to Whitehall and second flight, iii. 
287 ; compared to Maxentius, ii. 2^; 
protest against having abdicated, 291 
— 296 ; assisted by France in hia 
Irish expedition, 294 ; in Ireland, 
296 ; Scots' reasons for setting him 
aside, ib; surprised Londonderry, 298, 
301 ; declaration of pardon, 299 ; 
defeat at the Boyne, 308 ; letter 
respecting the pregnancy of his Queen, 
319; offers to submit all differences 
to Parliament, 325 ; intended invasion 
of England (1696), 339 ; Oates'sbook 
against him, 341 ; his death, 366 
James, Dr., probable origin of his fever 
powder, i. 264 n 
, Mr, ii. 313 

Jameson, Rev. Nicholas, on " Sylva," 

iii. 226 
Janicius, Dr., physician, i. 213 
January 30th first kept as a fast, i. 345 
Janus Quadrifrons, temple of,i. 107,298 
Jardine Royale, at Paris, i. 49 
Jeffreys, George, made Lord Chief 
Justice, ii. 1 87, 1 90 ; Baron of Wem, 
224 ; likely to be Lord Keeper, 232 ; 
made Lord Chancellor, character of 
him, 242 ; a commissioner for eccle- 
siastical affairs, 256 ; alluded to, 198 n 
Jeffryes, Dr., minister of Althorp, ii. 277 
Jenkins, Sir Leoline, ii. 30 
, Judge, iii. 37 

Jennings, Sarah, Duchess of Marl- 
borough, ii. 94 n 

Jermyn, Mr. Henry, afterwards Baron 
Jermyn of Dover, ii. 23, 63, 379 

, Henry, Lord, pension granted 

to, by Charles I.,iv. 342 ; influence 
in Court of Charles II. in exile, 263 
n ; conduct as Treasurer to Charles 
II., 290 n ; references to, 231, 235, 
250, 254 n, 262, 26.3, 297 n, 313, 314, 
316, 322, 348, 349; letters to, 342, 

-,Mr.,iv.250; proceedings against 

(1641), 51 n, 56 

Jerome of Prague, medal of his martyr- 
dom, iii. 298 

Jeronimo, painting by, i 56 

Jersey, Edward Villiers, Earl of. Lord 
Chamberlain, ii. 360 

Jerusalem Church at Bruges, i. Pref. 
viii. 32 ; earth of carried to Pisa, 89 

" Jesuitism, Mystery of,' in 3 vols., the 
second translated by Mr. Evelyn(1664), 
i. Introduction, xxix., 387 — 389 ; ii. 
391, 396 ; iii. 149 : thanked by 

DD 2 



Charles II. for it, i. 389 ; presented 
to ditto, ii. 3 ; Uianked by Bishop 
B«rIow for it, iii. 143 

Jesuits, Uieir church, schools, &c., at 
Antwerp, i. 31, 32 ; church and con- 
vent of, at Paris, 47, 266 ; church, 
&c., at Tours, 73 ; at Tourmnj, 79 ; 
at Aix, 80 ; at Rome, 107, 132, 177 ; 
English college at Home, 136, 167 ; 
otlier notices of, 230 ; iii. 70 ; Mr. 
Evelyn's books against the, ii. 3 ; iii. 

Jesus College, Cambridge, i. 304; ii. 142 

Jewels, Crown, order of Parliament 
respecting, iv. 69; notices of, various, 
i. 42,65,86. 87,93,94,109,110,113, 
139, 144, 188, 189, 200, 201,214,259 

Jews in Holland, ceremonies &c. of, i. 
22, 27 : in France, 79 ; at Rome, 107, 
131, 136, 183 ; of circumcision &c., 
137, 172 ; Jews at Venice, marriage, 
217; in England, 309, 311 

Joan d'Arc, her statue, i. 67 

John Cassimir, King of Poland (1654), 
iv. 220 

John the Baptist, his arm preserved, i. 
97 ; baptistery of, 124 

of Udine, paintings of, i. 137 n 

Johnson, Sir , executed at Tyburn, 

ii. 310 

, Mr., author of " Julian," ii. 

194, 387 

Jones, Sir Henry, ii. 62 

, Inigo, i. 357 

, Sir William (1680), ii. 151 

, Mr., of Gray's Inn, lawyer, ii. 60 

, regicide, executed, i. 341 

JonsoD, Dr., iv 235 

Josephus, Flavius, history of, on the 
bark of trees, i. 227 

Jovius, Paulus, museum of, i. 93 ; sepul- 
chre, 189 

Joyce, Comet, iv. 181 n, 183 n 

Joyliffe, Dr., physician, i. 249, 318, 322 

Julio Romano, paintings by, i. 56 

Julius II , Cardinal Julian della Revere, 
Pope, his sepulchre, i. 129 

Junius, Patricius, his description of 
Prince Henry's collection, iii. 306 ; 
his son Francis, ib 

Jupiter, temples of, at Rome, L 103; 
at Terracina, 147 

Just and tournament at Rome (1645), 
i. 177 

Jnstell, Mons., ii. 192, 194, 200; iii. 
300 ; arranged the library at St. 
Junes's, ii. 31 1 ; accoimt of, 387 

Justice, statue of, at Florence, i. 1 88 
Justin, corrected by Isaac Vossius, iii. 

Justinian, gardens of, i. 171, 174; statue, 

Justiniani, Venetian Ambassador, ii. 

245, 247 
Juxon, Dr. William, Bishop of London, 

afterwards Archbishop ot Canterbury, 

Charles consults him about the vacant 

Bishopricks (1641,) iv. 79, 82, 98; 

noticed, 115 ; i. 346, 350 ; portrait, 

iu. 301 

" KiLENDARIUM HoRTENSe" (1664), &C., 

by Mr. Evelyn, ii. 392, 396 ; iii 189, 

Keepe, Henry, pamphlet by, under the 

name of Taylour, il 234 n, 390 
Keffler, Dr., ii. 8 
Keightly, Thomas, cousin of Mr. Evelyn, 

i. 39, 285 

, Mrs., her old age, ii. 155 

Keiser's Graft, at Amsterdam, L 24, 

Kello, Rev. Bartholomew, i. 291 n 

Kemp, Mr., Impropriator of South 
Mailing, i. 246 

Ken, Dr. Thomas, Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, attends Charles II. in his sick- 
ness, ii. 205 and n ; sermons by, 
against Romanists, &c. (1686-87), 
251, 263, 264, 272 ; refuses to read 
Declaration of Liberty of Conscience, 
273 ; sent to the Tower, 275 ; tried 
and acquitted, 276 ; his scruples on 
King William's accession, 295 n ; de- 
prived, 312 ; much beloved in his 
diocese, 313 ; not the author of "A 
Letter to Dr. Tenison," iii. 345 ; 
alluded to, ii. 233, 286, 388 

Kendal, Dr., Oxford Act performed by, 
i. 290 

Kendrick, Alderman John, a fanatic 
Lord Mayor, i. 278 

Kensington Palace purchased by King 
William, ii. 303 ; fire at, 316 ; 
pictures, &c., 341 

Mr. Wise's house ana 

gardens at, ii. 365 and n 
Kent, Anthony Grey, Earl of, i. 379 

, Countess of, ii. 44 

Kent, rising in (1648), i. 246 ; iii. 17, 

20, 23, 25 ; Kentish men imprisoned 

(1701), ii. 365 and n 
Kepley, William, iv. 209 
Keppel, Arnold Joost Van, Earl of 



Albemai'le, commander of the king's 

guard, ii. 352 
Ker, William, Lord, of Cessford. See 

Kew, Sir H. Capel's house, &c., at, ii. 

122, 188,272 
Keysler, John George, Distich on 

Virgil, from his "Travels," i. 155 n ; 

references to, 206 n, 228 n 
Keys, Thomas, executed for high treason, 

ii. 340 and n 
Kidd, Captain, pirate, ii. 357 and n 
Kidder, Dr. liichard. Bishop of Bath 

and Wells, ii. 322 
Kildare, Lord, ii. 54 n, 157 
Kiiligrew, Thomas, various references 

to, iv. 107, 122, 123, 214, 215,225, 

226, 288, 296 ; his family, 103 n ; 

witticism by, 225 n ; complaint against 

him (1652), 24.9 n 
, Mrs. Katharine, iv. 206 n, 

" Killing no Murder," by Colonel Titus, 

ii. 38 
Kilmurry, Lord, i. 328 
Kilsythe, Montrose defeats Covenanters 

at (1645), iv. 168 n 
Kimbolton, Henry, Montague, Lord, 

protests against an order in the Com- 
mons (1641), iv. 68 n ; account of, 

75 n ; faction meets at his house, 76 
King, Dr. Henry, Bishop of Chichester 

(1641), iv. 82 n ; licensed to be absent 

from Parliament, 106 
King of England, speech in 1686, as- 
serting him to be absolute, ii. 255 
King, Dr., relieved Charles II. in apo- 
plexy, ii. 204, 205 

, Dr., Archbishop of Dublin, ii. 374 

, Edward, executed for high treason, 

ii. 341 and n 

, Rev. Mr. of A8hsted,i. 329 

King's College Chapel, Cambridge, i. 303 
King's Evil, royal touch for (1660), i. 

338, 339 ; great pressure at the 

(1684), ii. 195 
King's household, ancient supply of, i. 

343 n 
King-street, Westminster, design of 

Charles II. respecting, ii. 333 
Kingly office, act for abolishing, iii. 36 
Kingsmill, Lady, iii. 46 
Kingston, Earl of, portrait, iii. 301 
, Evelyn Pierrepoint, Earl of, 

i. 251 ; ii. 160, 266, 351 

-, Henry Pierpoint, Earl of, iv. 

135 n 

Kinsale, surrender of, ii. 310 ; iii. 319 
Kirby, seat of Lord Hatton, i. 302 
Kirby, Captain, court-martial on, and 

execution of, ii. ;i70 u 
Kircher, Father Athanasius, his atten- 
tions to Mr. Evelyn at Kome, i. 1 08 ; 
communication by Mr. Evelyn to his 
"Obeliscus Pamphihus" (1650-54), 
213, 313 ; notice of, 403 ; alluded to, 
i. 126, 132, 309 
Kiviet, Sir John, account of, ii. 20, 379 ; 
his proposal to wharf the Thames 
with brick, 21, 22, 29 ; project rela- 
tive to draining, 49 
Knatchbull, Sir Norton, sermon, &c., by, 
i. 375 

, Sir Thomas, Commissioner 

of Privy Seal, ii. 303 
Kneller, Sir Godfrey, his portrait of Mr. 

Evelyn, ii. 239 and n, 299 ; iii. 295 ; 

of Bishop Burnet, ii. 299 
Knevett, Mr., iii. 211 
Kiiife-swallowers, i. 26, 358 ; ii. 105 
Knight, Mr., of Northamptonshire, i. 


, Sergeant-surgeon, ii. 72 

, Mrs., singer, and mistress of 

Charles II., i. 332; ii. 18 n, 94 n ; 

compass of her voice, 94 
Knowle, Kent, Duke of Dorset's house 

at, ii. 85 
Knox, Dr. Vicesimus, and Rev. Thomas, 

Masters of Tunbridge School, i. 393 n 
Koiiigsmark, Count, procures Mr, 

Thynne's murder, ii. 165, 386 

Labulla, boiling fountain of, i. 153 
Lac Tigridis, drug so called, i. 380 
Lacy, John, Comedian, portraits, i. 369 

and n ; performance of, 371 
Ladies, learned, enumeration of, iiL 

La Dorees, Mons., i. 278 
Lago d'Agnano, X>iaples, i. 155 
Lago di Garda, i. 223 
Lago Maggiore, &c., i. 230 
Lake, Dr. John, Bishop of Chichester, 
petitions against reading the Declara- 
tion of Liberty of Conscience, ii. 274 ; 
sent to the Tower, 275 ; tried and 
acquitted, 276 ; alluded to, 287 ; ab- 
sents himself from Parliament (1689), 
295 n 
, Mr., a Commissioner of Green- 
wich Hospital, ii. 343 n 
Lakin, Daniel, pamphlet by, i. 358 n 
LambardjMr., estate at Westeram, i. 286 



Lambert, Major-GenenJ, John, besieges 

Pomfret CasUe (1649), iil 15, 36 ; iv. 

284 n 
Lambeth Palace, assaulted by a mob 

(1640), i. 13 ; library, iii. 307 
Latnedrati, sea-horses sculptured by, 

i. 94 
Lamot, Mons., sermon of, ii. 267 
Lampluuli, Dr., sermon of, ii. 83 
Lamps of Licetus, iii. 99 
Lancaster, Dr.. vicar of St Martin's, ii. 

322, 357, 358 
Lance of St. Longinns, i. 122 ; letter 

concerning, 227 
Lane, Sir Thomas, ii. 343 n ; subscriber 

to Greenwich Hospital, 344 n 

, Mrs , loyalty of, i. 273, 409 

, Sir George, his marriage, iv. 39 

, Sir Richard, iv. 1 35 u 

Lanerick, Lord, iii. 42 ; flies from Court 

(1641), iv. 91, 111 
Laney,Dr. Beiijamui,Bi8hopof Ely,ii. 35 
Lanfranci, Giovanni, works of, i. Ill, 

143, 168, 171 
Langdale, Sir Marmaduke, afterwards 

Lord, i. 254 ; iii. 15, 22, 29 ; iv. 170, 

202, 203 
Langham, Sir John, letter to Mr. 

Evelyn, iii. 196, 197 
, Lady, a kinswoman of Mr. 

Evelyn, i. 306 
Langhern, Major-General, ilL 12, 16, 37 
Langton, Mr., iv. 346 
Languages, modern, Mr. Evelyn's Dis- 
course on, iii. 261 
Lansdowne, Lord, Count of the Roman 

empire, ii. 202 ; suicide of, 366 
Laocoon and his sons, statue of, i. 141 
Lapidaries at Venice, i. 219 
Lashford, Sir Richard, kinsman of Mr. 

Evelyn, ii. 5*2 
Lassels, Richard, his « Voyage through 

Italy" (1670). quoted, i. 86—96 n, 

99, 206, 207, 218 n 
Last Supper, by Leonardo da Vinci, i. 

226 ; in wax- work, ii. 72 
Last Judgment, by Michael Angelo, 

i. 139 
Latin historians, list of, iii. 163 
Lavaran, Madame, singer, i. 266 
Lavinia, painting by, i. 142 
Laud, William, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, i. 10 ; his palace attacked, 13 ; 

gift to St. John's College, Oxford, 292 ; 

portrait, iii. 301 ; Mr. Wharton's Life 

of, 340, 343 ; jubilee of the Jesuits on 

his death, 340 

Lauderdale, Duke, i. 374, 378; ii. 58, 99 ; 

iii. 42; his house at Ham, 122; 

libels against, 30 ; letters and papers 

lent to, by Mr. Evelyn, and lost, iii. 

381 ; his library, 309. 
Laura, her tomb at Avignon, i. 79 
Lam'ence, Mr., president of Oliver's 

council, i. 320 
Laurentius, Jansen, Coster of Harlaem ; 

his effigy, i. 27 
Lauretto, Cavalier, of Rome, i. 183 
" Law against Lovers," a tragi-comedy, 

Lawrence, Sir John, his pageant as 

Lord Mayor, i. 385 
, Dr., master of Baliol College, 

i. 9, 10 
Laws, a Scotchman, a duel fought by, 

ii. 328 
Laws, municipal, study of, recommended, 

iii. 378 
Lawyers, &c., required to renounce 

James II., ii. 342 
Lazzari (called Bramante), palaces 

built by, i. 167, 172 ; church built by, 

Lea, Kent, Mr. Bohun's house, &c., at, 

ii. 94,134, 168, 184 
League and Covenant, abjured, i. 366 
Leake, Dr., his daughter, ii. 107 
Leaning Towers, i. 89, 92, 185, 192 
Leatherhead, picture at the Swan Imi, 

at, ii. 21 n 
Le Chat, Mons., physician, i. 239, 243 
Lechroore, Mr. Baron, subscription to 

Greenwich Hospital, ii. 345 n 
Lectures in Parish Churches sanctioned 

by Parliament (1641), iv. 66 n 
Lee, Lady, and Sir Henry, i. 383 ; Sir 

Thomas, ii. 151 
Leech, Mr. and Mrs., i. 328 
Leeds, Duke of, ii. 346 n ; commissioner 

of Greenwich Hospital, 335 ; subscrip- 
tion to it, 344 n 
Leeds Castle, Kent, prisoners kept at, 

i. 398 ; ii. 4, 18,28 
Leeward Islands, Sir C. Wheeler's in- 
discreet goverimient at, ii. 67 ; 

danger of, 69 
Le Febure, Mons. chemist, i. 244 
Legate of Bologna, his palace, i. 1 92 
" Legend of the Pearle," by Mr. Evelyn, 

ii. 394 
Lcgg, Colonel, ii. 236 
Legge, Captain William, ordered to be 

apprehended (1645), It. 164, 167} 

alluded to, 127 n 



Legge, George, Master of the Ordnance, 

ii. 175 
, Mr. W., of the Bedchamber, ii. 

•28, 380 
Leghorn, account of, i. 90, 183, 185 ; 

consulage of, ii. 80 
Leicester, Robert Sidney, Earl of. Lord 

Lieutenant of Ireland (1641), iv. 85 n, 

106—108, 119, 330 n ; house at Pens- 

hurat, i. 282 
■ , Robert Dudley, (tlie great) 

Earl of, his Vase, i. 306 ; portrait of, 

iii. 301 ; alluded to, il 172 ; letters 

and papers of, iii. 380 
Leicester, city of, noticed, i. 298 ; 

capture of, iv. 151 n 
Leicester House, London, notice of,iL 79 
Leighton, Sir Elias, project of, ii 36 ; 

account of, 381 
Leith Hill, Surrey, i. 3 
Lely, Sir Peter, portraits by, i. 328 ; 

ii. 26 n ; alluded to, 53 n, 175 
Le Neve, painter, i. 248, 405 
Lennier. Jerome, paintings possessed by, 

i. 282 
Lennox, Duke of, i. 360 
Lennox, portrait of the Duchess of, i. 342 
Lent, ceremonies of, in Rome, i. 174 ; 

in Venice, 216 ; preaching in London 

during, ii, 82 ; (1665), observance of, 

recommended, iii. 150 
Leonsenas, Dr. John Athelsteinus, ana- 
tomical preparations by, i. 217 
Leopold, Prince, his collection of paint- 
ings, i. 188 
Lepanto, picture of the battle, i. 139 ; 

battle of, iii. 262 
Lepers in Holland, notice of, i. 18 
Lepidus, fountains of, at Rome, L 1 1 3 
Lerici, procession at, i. 88 
Lesley, David, iiL 38, 44 
Leslie, Lady Jane (Count«ss of Rothes), 

her marriage and issue, ii. 367 n 
L'Estrange, Sir Roger, i. 312 ; ii. 90 ; 

some account of his " Observator," 

221 ; notice of, i. 412 
Letters, ambition of printing, iv. 10 ; 

difl&culty of conveying, iv. 245, 251, 

263, 270 
Lewen, Samuel, and Sir William, ii, 

219 n 
Lewtner, Lady, iv. 1 9, 23 
Leyden, account of, i. 26 
Leyden, Lucas Tan, painting by, i. 56 ; 

prints of, 66 
Liancourt, Count de, his palace, garden, 

and pictures, i, 56 

"Liberty and Servitude" (1644-49), a 

translation by Mr. Evelyn, i, 248 ; 

ii. 391, 3.95 
Libraries, Foreign, i, 10, 63. 140, 193, 

226; Oxford, 291, 292; Cambridge, 

303 ; in Paris and England, iii. 305— 

Lichfield, Lady, daughter of Charles II., 

ii. 162 
Licola, in Italy, i, 159 
Light, contrivance for reflecting, i. 55 
Ligne, Prince do, Ambassador from 

Spain, i. 340 
Ligon, Captain, ii. 34 
Lilbume, Colonel John, iii. 9, 39, 42, 

44, 49, 51, 53 ; iv. 207, 208 
Lillo, fort of, i. 30 
Lilly, William, astrologer, ii. 354 
Lima, earthquake at (1688), ii. 275 
Linch, Sir Thomas, governor of Jamaica, 

ii. 57, 80, 105 
Lincoln, City and Cathedral of, i. 301 
Lincolnshire, fens of, i. 302 
Lincoln's Inn, revels at (1661), i. 359 
Lincoln's-inn-fields, theatre in, i. 345 ; 

Mr. Povey's house in, 380; 

Bristol's house in, ii. 58, 62 
Lindsey, Earl of, portrait, iii. 301 
, Lord, i. 7, 400 ; iv. 81 n 


Lion, gentleness of one, i. 287 

Lionberg, Mons,, Swedish Resident, iL 

Lisle, Sir George, put to death by 
Ireton, i. 276, 315 

, Lord (son of Earl of Leicester, i. 

312 ; his house at Sheen, ii. 122 

Littler, Mr., vicar of Deptford, i. 331 

Littleton, Sir Charles (brother of Sir 
Henry), his house at Sheen, ii. 272 

Livorno, L 90 

Livius, Titus, reliques of, i. 151, 210 

Lloyd, Sir Richard, i. 252, 275. 

, Dr. William, Bishop of Landaif, 

Peterborough, and Norwich, at- 
tended the English Court in France, 
i. 271 n; sermons of, ii. 105, 137 ; 
reflections on a sermon by, 137 ; 
noticed, 349 

Lloyd, Dr. William, Bishop of St. 
Asaph, Coventry, and Worcester, ii. 
149, 155; petitioned against reading 
Declaration of Liberty of Conscience, 
274 ; sent to the Tower, 275 ; tried 
and acquitted, 276 ; his interview with 
Mr. Evelyn, 296, 297 ; his inter- 
pretation of prophecies, 307 ; sermon 
(1689), on the deliverance of the 



Church of England, 301 ; alluded to, 
ii. 131 n, 142, 144, 227, 244, 286, 
296, 307, 309 ; iv. 263 n 
Doyd, Mr. ii. 80 

Loadstone, a remarkable one, i. 94 

Locke, John, Secretary to Council of 

Trade and I'lanUtions, it. 80, 89 ; 

Reply to the Bishop of Worcester, iii. 


Lockhart, Loi*d, Ambassador to France, 

ii. 89 ; it. 310—318 
Locks, notices of curious, i. 293 
Locks on river Brenta in Italy, i. 205 
Lodge, Edmund, Norroy King of Arms, 
his *' Illustrations of British History" 
cited, i. 363 n 
Lodi, victory of the French at, i. 224 
Loftus, Mr., ii. 141 
Loggan, R., his portrait of Bobart, i. 

384 n 
Lombardus, Tullius, sculptor, L 206 
Lombart, Peter, engraver, i. 285 ; ii. 

26 n 
Lomellini, church built by the, i. 87 n 
London, pestilence in (1625 and 1636), 
i. 5, 9 ; processions of Charles I. 
(1640), 12, 14 ; tumults, 13 ; dispute 
about right of electing Sheriffs (1641), 
iv. 55 ; sickness in, 60, 70, 88 ; 
forfeiture of Londonderry from, 61 
and n ; tumults of the apprentices, 
76 n ; Charles's Act of Tonnage and 
Poundage, 63, 64, 78 ; Lord Mayor, 
&c., desire to attend the King through 
London, 78, 86, 110, 124 ; an enter- 
tainment to him, 1 32 ; election of 
Lord Mayor (1641), 82; guards 
doubled by Parliament, 92 ; Parlia- 
ment treaty with, for soldiers in Ire- 
land, 108; on the Militia, 136; 
tumulU (1643), 39,(1648), 246 ; pro- 
clamation of peace in (1642), 38 ; 
Cross at Cheap destroyed (1643), 39, 
297 ; compared with Paris (1644), 
65 ; pulpits filled by mechanics, See. 
(1649), 250; (1656), 316 ; forcibly 
entered by General Monk, 335 ; 
triumphal entry of Charles IL, 337 ; 
▼isit of Charles II., 338; Lord Mayor's 
Show, &c. (1660), 342, (1661), .357, 
(1662), 370, (1664), 385, (1686), ii. 
259 ; the King's progress through, 
before his coronation, i. 347 ; tlie 
nuisance cf smoke in, 354, 360 ; fast 
in (1662), ib ; commission for regu- 
lating buildings, &c. (1662), 362, 
365, 374 ; present of the City to 

the Queen of Charles II., 363 ; tumults 
from Nonconformists, 367, 370 ; 
plague (1665), 396, 397 ; fast on 
account of, 396 ; dreadful increase of, 
398 ; abates, 399 ; ii. 2 ; mayor, &c., 
congratulate Charles II. after tlie 
plague, 2 ; the great fire in 1666, 
9 — 15; iii. 186; alarm in, of the 
Dutch having landed, ii. 15 ; survey 
of the ruins, and plans for rebuilding 
the city, ii 16, 394 ; iii. 188; fast 
appointed, ii. 1 7 ; alarm on the Dutch 
entering the Thames, 24 ; rebuilding 
of the city begun, 43 ; tlie Pope burnt 
in efhgy, 89 ; petition of the Corpora- 
tion on the Quo Wari-anto against 
their charter, 177 ; their privileges 
diminished, t6 ; and judgment entered, 
186 ; inscription on the Monument 
(1685), 225 ; rejoicings, &c., on James 
ll.'s birthday (1686), 258 ; proceed- 
ings of Common Council on the 
approach of William 111., iii. 289 ; 
rejoicings on the accession of William 
and Mary, ii. 292 ; charter of the city 
restored, 306 ; earthquake felt at 
(1692), iii, 329 ; increase of (1696), 
reprobated, 356 

London Frigate blown up, i. 391, 393; 
ii. 25 ; iii. 154 ; a new frigate so 
called, launched, ii. 6 

London House made stables for horses, 
iii. 33 

London Institution, house of, in Old 
Jewry, ii. 79 n ; mansion erected for, 
in Muorfields, ib 

London, Mr. George, gardener to Sir 
Christopher Wren, ii. 350 ; iii. 281 
, William, letter on his proposed 

Natural History of Barbadoes, iii. 257 
Londonderry surprised by James IL, ii. 

298 ; Schomberg sent to its relief, 300; 

forfeiture of, to Charles II., iv. 61, 86 
Long, Mr. Robert, Secretary to Charles 

II., iv. 193 n, 194; brings charge 

against Sir Edward Hyde, 297 n 
Long-Ditton, Surrey, descent of the 

Evelyns of. Pedigree, ii. 397 
Longevity, instances of, i. 301 
Longford, Lord, Treasurer of Ireland, ii. 

119, 128 
Longinus, St., holy lance of, i. 122; letter 

concerning it, 227 
Longueville, Duke of, iL 57 
Lords, protest of the House of, against 

the Commons (1641), iv. 68 n ; choose 

their own Speaker, 99, 119; pro- 



ceedings of, on the Irish rebellion, 

108 ; debate on excluding the Popish 

Peers, 119 ; letters from Charles I. 

to the Speaker of the (1646—47), 

Lorraine, Duke of (1652), iv. 236, 254, 

255, 319 notes 
Lort, Mr., at Lincoln's Inn, i. 359 
Lothian, Lord, alluded to, i. 314,340 ; 

iv. 81 n 
Lottery, in 1664, i. 380; in 1693, ii. 

326 ; state lottery (1694), 329, 332; 

frequency of lotteries (1696), 343 ; 

suppression of (1699), 352 
Loudoun, Sir John Campbell, Earl of 

(1641), iv. 79 ; in France (1642), 337, 

Loudune, Nuns of, impostures practised 

by, ii. 50 
Love, its excellencies and advantages 

considered, iii. 121 
" Love and Honour," a tragi-comedy, 

i. 357 
" Love in a Tub," a play, i. 379 
Love, Captain, duel fought by, ii. 226 
Lovestine, fort of, i. 20 
Louis XII., King of France, equestrian 

statue of, at Blois, i. 69 

XI II., his sepulchre, i. 42 


i. 265 ; procession to Parliament, 
268 ; his ambitious career, ii. 182, 
197, 323 ; the King and Dauphin 
alluded to, i. 254 ; ii. 53 n, 255 

Louvre, at Paris, described, i. 50 ; re- 
ferred to, 254 

Louyr, Mr., a painter at the Hague, iv. 

Lower, Dr., physician, ii. 333 

Lowman, Mr., of tlie Marshalsea, i. 398 

Lowndes, Mr., Secretary to the Treasury, 
ii. 335, 345 n 

Lowther, Sir John, ii. 117, 165 ; sub- 
scription to Gieeuwich Hospital, 344 

Loyola, Ignatius, his burial-place, i. 107 

Lubicer, his skill on the violin, i. 312 

Lubinus (Gilhardus), a German critic, 
iii. 131 

Lubnam, Leicestershire, iv., 151 

Lucas, Sir Gervas, iv. 260, 290, 293, 
294, 296—298 

, Lady, iv. 290, 296 

, Sir Charles, iii. 14, 27, 28 ; put 

to death by Ireton, i. 276, 315 * 

Lord, Lieutenant of the Tower, ii. 

23, 303, 311 ; iii. 70 

Rev. Mr., ii. 335 

Lucca, city of, account of, &c., i. 1 85 

Lucretia, Signora, a Greek lady, i. 251 

" Lucretius." first book translated into 
English verse by Mr. Evelyn, i. 314, 
391 ; iii. 72 ; his own remarks upon 
it, i. 314 ; iii. 73, 246 ; observations 
on it by Dr. Jeremy Taylor ; iii. 72, 
75, 77 ; proof sheets corrected by Dr. 
Triplet, 76 n 

Lucrine, lake of, i. 158 

" Ludi Circenses," colours worn by 
combatants, iii. 277 

Ludovisio, Prince, his villa at Rome, i. 
109, 110,178 

Luke, St., pictures said to have been 
painted by, i. 94, 106, 113, 125; re- 
liques of, 207 

Lumley, Lord, ii. 1, 226, 266 
, family of, i. 329 

Lundy, James Campbell, Lord, in the 

French service, iv. 337 
Lutes made at Bologna, i. 1 94 
Lutterell, Mr., painting by, ii. 331 
Luxemburg, palace and gardens, i. 62 

— 64 ; surrender of, to the French, 

ii. 197, 266 
Lynn Regis, notice of, ii. 115 
Lyon, Mons., iv. 316 
Lyons, city of, i. 77, 243, 387 
Lyra, Don Emanuel de, ii. 118 
Lysons's " Environs of London," &c., 

referred to, ii. 1 n, 47 n, 48 n 
Lyttleton, Sir Edward, Lord Keeper, iv, 

50 n, 52—55, 58, 59, 98 

Macarino, inlaid pavement by, i. 184 

Maccinigo, with Venetian Ambassa- 
dors (1685), ii. 246 

Macclesfield, Lord, his death, ii. 327 

Macguire, Lord, rebellion and execu- 
tion of (1641), iv. 106 n 

Mackenzie, Sir George, ii. 379 ; hia 
Essay " On Solitude " answered by 
Mr. Evelyn, ii. 21, 306, 392, 396 ; 
iii. 196 ; Lord Advocate of Scotland, 
ii. 286, 287 ; founder of the Advo- 
cates' Libi"ary, iii. 193 ; Letters to 
Mr. Evelyn, 193, 202 ; particulars 
respecting Scotland by, ii. 306 

Mackworth, Sir Humphrey, L 332 ; iv. 

Macmahon, Hugh, discovery of the Irish 
rebellion by (1641), iv. 108 n 

Maddox, Mr., letter of Mr. Evelyn to, 
iii. 83 

Madrid, a palace of the French King, 
i. 55, 256 



Msestricht, a sieg« of, represented at 

Windsor, ii. 92 

Maffonett, , iv. 274 

Magdalen College and Chapel, Oxford, 

i. 292, 384 
Magniani, Marquis, of Bologna, i. 193 
Maimburg, Father, pretended letter of 

Duchess of York to, ii. 167 ; iii. 255 
Maison, President, his palaoe, near 

Paris, i. 253 
i/iiUMm Roufftf near Paris, i. 59 
Maitland (ancestor of the Duke of 

Lauderdale), letters of, iii. 381 

■ , Lord, library of, iii. 309 

— — — — , Sir Richard, his collection of 

Scotch Poems, iii. 383 
Makins, Mrs. Bathsua, school of, i. 250 
Mai Albergo, i. 1 95 
Malamocco, notice of, i. 1 96 
Malata, or Mela, Catta, effigy and notice 

of, i. 206 
Malcolm's, " Londinium Redivivum " 

referred to, i. 288 n 
Mailing, South, Church consecrated, i. 

5 ; impropriations, 246 
Malpighi, Signior, presents a treatise to 

the Royal Society, ii. 38 ; notice of, 

Malta, earthquake at (1693), ii. 324 
Malvern Hills, view from, i. 296 
Manchester, Edward Montague, Earl of. 

Lord Chamberlain, i. 343, 385 
, Henry Montague, Earl of. 

Speaker of the Lords (1641), iv. 99; 

portrait, iii. 301 

-, Edward, Earl of, joins the 

Scottish army, iv. 141 n; mentioned, 

212 n 
Mancini, Signior, of Rome, i. 166 
Mander, Dr. Roger, Master of Baliol 

College, ii. 351, 362 
Mandeville, Henry Montague, Lord, iv. 

75 n, 76 
Mann, Mr., Recorder of Ipswich, ii. Ill 
Manna at >'aples, i. 162 
Manners, general depravity of (1690), 

iL 303, 356 ; Society for Reformation 

of (1699), 356, 358 
Manning, Capuin, his treachery to 

Charles IL, 219 n 
Manning a ship, the phrase, iii. 15 
Mantegna, Andrea, paintings by, i. 56, 

Manton, Dr., sermon of, i. 327 
Manufactures, notices of, i. 72, 223, 

Manuscripts in the Bodleian, i. 291 

Manuscripts, Essay on, by Mr. Evelyn, 

ii. 392 and n 
Manwaring, Dr. Roger, Bishop of St 
David's, Parliament sequestrates 
(1641), iv. 55 n 
Maple tree, marbling in the wood of, 

hi. 130 
Marais du Temple, Paris, i. 49 
Marble, magazine for, at Lambeth, ii. 108 
Marcello, Dr., of Verona, i. 222 
Marces, Mons., Charles IL discharges a 

debt to, iv. 304, 308 
Marchaiid, Florian, the water-spouter, 

i. 263 and n 
Marcus, ^Emilius, statue of, i. 222 
Marden, Surrey, Sir Robert Clayton's 

seat at, ii. 115, 300, 361 
Margaret, eminent women of that name, 

iii. 245 
Margate, Kent, notice of town of, ii. 74 
Marine laws of France, paper on the 

severity of the, iii. 262 
Marinella, Lucretia, book by, in pruse of 

Women, iii. 245 
Marius, Caius, victory of, i. 173, 221, 

Marltets, notices of, i. 23, 34, 37, 304 
Mark, St., Piazza of, at Venice, i. 198 
Marlborough, John Churchill, Lord 
(afterwards Duke), dismissed from 
office (1692), ii. 318, 389 ; deserted 
James II., t6; Master of Ordnance 
(1701), 363 ; his honours, 369 ; mar- 
riage of his daughters, 350, 369 ; 
death of his son, 370 ; his attention 
to Mr. Evelyn, 374 ; his brother re- 
ferred to, 376 

, Sarah Jennings, Duchess 

of, i. 361 ; ii. 94 n, 318 
Marlborough, town of, i. 289 
« Marmora Oxoniensia Arundeliana, ii. 

30. 105. See Arundel, Evelyn, Howard 
Marmoutiers, Abbey of, i. 72 
Marne, famous bridge over, i. 57 
Marriages, numerous by one person, i. 

25; of a Jew at Venice, 217. Burials, 

&.C., tax on, ii. 336 
Mar-teilles, account of, i. 80 ; slaves 

there, 81 ; referred to, iii. 83 
Marshall, William, portrait by, i. 250 n ; 

book of flowers painted by, ii. 169 
, Colonel, iii. 10 

Marsham, Sir John, i. 334 ; his " Chro- 

nicus Canon," &c., iii. 265 and n 
Marston Moor, battle of, iv. 141 n 
Marsys, Mons., his libel against Charles 
I., iv. 189—191 



Martin, Mr. ii. 367 

Wartyn, Capt, iv. 315 ; offers himself 

for Spanish service (1656), 309 
Mary Beatrice D'Este, Princess of Mo- 

dena, Duchess of York, ii. 89 
Mary Magdalen, her place of penance, 

i. 82 
Mary, Queen of Scots, her burial-place, 

i. 302 ; her life, iii. 383 
Mary, Queen (consort of William III.), 
ii, 107 ; married to the Prince of 
Orange, 117 ; her conduct on her 
accession to the crown, ii. 292 ; her 
cabinets and collection of China, 325 ; 
her death and funeral, 333 ; her 
character, 334 
Maseres, Baron, tracts respecting the 

Civil War, i. 425 n 
Mason, Dr., his house, i. 283 

, Rev. John, noticed, ii. 329 

Masques, at Court in France, i. 265 ; at 
Lincoln's Inn, 359 ; at Charles II.'s 
Court, 374, 389 ; ii. 21 
Massey, William, his " Origin and Pro- 
gress of Letters," referred to, i. 291 

Massonet, , iv. 297 n 

Massy, Sir Edward, Governor of Ja- 
maica, i. 341 
Masters, Captain, in the Dutch Fleet 

Fleet, i. 392 n 
Mastiff dogs draw pedlars' carts in 

Holland, i, 36 
Mathematical College, Mr. Evelyn's 

scheme, iii. 116 — 120 
Matlisei Horti, at Rome, i. 165 
Maurice, Prince, i. 18 ; iv. 143. 165 n : 

222, 267 
Mausoleum Augusti, at Rome, i. 171 
Maxfield, — , arrested for debt, iii. 44 
Maximilian II., Emperor, letters of, iii, 

Jlaxwell, Mr., ii. 120 n 
May, Hugh, and Baptist, architects, 
works of, i. 382 ; ii. 53 n, 54 n, 57, 
78, 140, 169 ; a commissioner for re- 
pair of Old St. Paul's, ii. 9 

, Thomas, "History of the Long 

ParUament " refeiTed to, iv. 76 n ; 
94 n, 98 n 
May 29th, festival on, i. 352 
Maynard, Mr., sergeant, ii. 151 
— — — — , Lord, comptroller of house- 
hold, ii. 211 
Maynwariug, Sir Arthur, iv. 60 n, 64 
-, Sir Philip, iv. 55 

284; ii. 353 ; iv. 175, 236, 239, 261, 

282, 299, 302, 319, 341 notes, 367 ; 

Mazarine Library, iii. 305 
Mazarine, Duchess of, mistress of 

Charles II., il 108, 210 ; iii. 251 ; her 

death, ii 353 
Mazzotti, an artist in Pietra Commessa, 

i. 190 
Meadows, Sir Philip, marriage of, ii. 346 
Meath, Bishop of (1656), poverty of, i. 

Medals, ancient, observations on Roman, 

i. ] 82 ; utility of, as historical records, 

iii. 297 — 299 ; authors on, 299, ii. 

103 ; coined at the coronation of 

James I. iii. 339 ; various collections 

of, noticed, i. 110, 163, 178, 214; iii 


" Discourse of," by Mr. Evelyn, 

ii. 392, 396 ; letter to his bookseller 

respecting, iii. 342 ; to Lord Godol- 

phin on clipping coin, 354 
Mede, Joseph, on prophecy, ii. 297, 

Medici, palace of, at Rome, i. 108, 133 
Cosmo di, Duke, his statue of 

Justice, i. 92, 188 ; equestrian statue 
of, 95 

Cosmo II. improved the Palace 

of Pitti, i. 92 ; statue of, 188 

-, Cardinal, Ambassador, i. 177 ; 

Mazarine, Cardinal Julius, proscribed, 
i. 263 ; death, 346; alluded to, 255, i Mentz, Elector of (1654), iv. 224 

fireworks at his palace, 178 
Medicis, Marie de. Queen mother, por- 
trait, i. 22 ; her reception in Holland 
(1641), i. 28 ; notice of, 72, 253 
Mediterranean, Evelyn's voyage in the 

(1644), i. 82 
Meeres, Sir Thomas, ii. 107, 130 
Meggot, Dr., Dean of Winchester, ii. 

233 ; sermons of, 7, 195, 256, 262 
Meldrum, Captain for Charles II. (1654), 

iv, 300, 309 n 
Melford, Lord, pictures belonging to, 

sold, ii. 325 
Mell, Mr., musician, i. 282, 313 
Melleray, Marshal, intrigues of, iv. 256 n, 

261, 277—281, 283—292 ; seizes on 

English ships (1652), 259 ; claims a 

fee from prizes taken for Charles IL, 

282, 292 
Melos, Don Francisco de, ii, 23, 81 
Menageries, notices of, i. 32, 52, 117, 

212, 287. See Aviaries. 
Mennes, Sir John, his verses on the 

Duchess of Chevreuse, iv. 130 n ; 

loyalty to King Charles I., 242 n 



Mercator, Nicholas, matlieraatician, ii. 

Mercers' Company (London), i. 366 ; 
Italian sermon at their Cbapel, 247 ; 
Chapel of, burned, ii. 14 

Merceria, at Venice, i. 1 98 

Mercure, Mons., performer on the lute, 
i. 244 

*• MercuriuB Politicus," cited, iv. 241, 
264, 300, 319 notes 

** Mercurius Husticus," quoted, iv. 1 36 n 

Mercury, Transit of (1664), i. 384 ; a 
ring, said to be a projection of, ii. 24 

Meret, Dr., of tlie College of Phytiicians, 
i. 369,419 

Merey, Mons., i. 72 

Menck, Sir William, i. 376 

Merode, , iv. 210 

Merrick, Mr., of Parson's Green, i. 345 
, Serjeant-Major, sent to Ireland 
(1641), iv. 110 n 

Merton Collepe, election to the Warden- 
ship of (1661), i. 346 

Messeray, .Mons., Judge Advocate of 
Jersey, i. 339; iii. 227 

Messerny, Mr., iii. 189 

Meta-Studante, ruins of, i. 116 

Metellus, sepulchre of, at Rome, i. 1 66 

Meteor, one in (1642-43), L 39; (1680), 
ii. 154; (1694), iii. 339 

Meverell, Dr. i. 8 

Mewes, Dr., of St. John's College, Ox- 
ford, ii. 43 

Michell, Robert, estate at North Stoke, 
ii. 363 

Mickleham, notice of, i. 309 

Middlesex, James Cranfield, Earl of, 
commissioner at Newport, iv. 1 85 n 

Middleton, Lord, ii. 24, 380 ; Secretary 
of Stete, 199,266 

, Colonel, ii. 60, 61, 383 
, Sir Hugh, New River of, 

-, Mrs., daughter of R. Need- 
ham, ii. 183 

■ , I)r , Italian sermon by, i. 247 
' , Lieut.-General, ii. 25 ; trans- 
ports arms for Charles ll.'s service 
(1653), iv. 294 n 
Milan, description of, i. 224—230 ; 
Cathedral, 224; Church of the Jesuits 
and St. Celso, 225 ; public buildings, 
ib; Ambrosian library, 226; Church 
of SL Ambrose, 227 ; Cita<lel, &c., ib ; 
Signor Septalla's curiosities, 228 ; 
civilities of a Scots Colonel, 229 
Millennium, delusion respecting, ii. 329 

Milit5a,noticesof (1644),iv. 1.36—140 
Miller, Rev. Mr., vicar of Effingham, 

&c., ii. 323 
Millington, Sir Thomas, ii. 174 
Milton, John, allusions to, i. 337; ii. 254 
, Christopher, brother of John, 

ii. 254 

Mingrelia, women of, ii. 146 

Mint, committee for regulating the, i. 
376, 378 ; ii. 4 

Mirandula, John Picus, ii. 131 ; por- 
trait of, 43 

" Miscellanea Aulica," referred to, iv. 
198, 202, 203, 223 notes 

Misenus, ruins of its city, i. 160 

Miss, courtezans so called, L 360; ii> 
63, 379 

Misson, Francois Maximilien, his •' New 
Voyage to Italy," i. 153 n 

Mochi, Fra., statue by,i. 122 

Models, notices of, various, i. 25, 55 

Modena, Duchess of, ii. 89 ; iv. 39 
Duke of, iv. 319 n 

" Moderate Publisher," journal cited, 
iv. 269 n 

Modiford, Sir Thomas, Governor of 
Jamaica, ii. 59, 61, 93 

Mohun, Lord, tried and acquitted, ii. 322 

, Mrs. Philippa, iv. 212 

Mole and Pharos at Genoa, i. 84, 87 ; at 
Naples, 150 

Molino, Signor, Doge of Venice, i. 215 

, Conde de, Spanish Ambassador, 

i. 395 

Mollen, famous for making lutes, i. 1 94 

Monconys, Mons. Balthazar, ii. 50, 382 

Mondragone, Palace of, i. 179 

Money, scarcity of, in England in 
(16*96), ii. 34.3 

Monk, George, Duke of Albermarle, iv. 
208, 209 ; his march from Scotland, 
i. 335 ; breaks down the gates of the 
city, ib : marches to Whitehall, ih ; 
and convenes the old Parliament, ib ; 
allusions to his conduct, i. 423, 424 ; 
letter of Mr. Evelyn to, iii. 156. See 

,Dr. Nicholas, Bishop of Hereford, 

consecration of, i. 344 ; funeral, 359 

Monkeys, feats of, at Southwark fair, 
i. 340 

Monmouth, Sir James Scott, Duke of, 
i. 253; ii. 51, 81, 92, 94 n, 108 n, 
134, 159, 206 ; his return from Hol- 
land, and popularity, 1 38 ; proclama- 
tion against, 178 ; surrenders himself, 
189 ; pardoned, and banished White- 



hall, 190 ; lands in England and sets 
up his standard as King, 225 ; pro- 
claimed traitor, ib ; taken prisoner, 
226 ; committed to the Tower and 
executed, 228 ; his base extraction, 
ib; character, iJ y his mother, i. 253; 
ii. 229 

Monmouth, Duchess of, ii. 81, 107, 160, 
228, 249 ; sermon by her chaplain, 

, Earl of, ii. 335 

Monro, Sir George, iv. 212 

Montague, Henry, Lord, purchases arms 
for Charles I., iv. 341 ; alluded to, 
iii. 10 

, Lord Viscount, i. 318 n, 334, 

397, 415 

, Lord, trial (1693—1696), 

concerning estate left by Duke ot 
Albermarle, ii. 327, 343, 366; sub- 
scription to Greenwich Hospital, 344 n 

, Mr., Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, subscription to Greenwich 
Hospital, ii. 344 n. See Mountague 
Walter, Abbot of Pontoise, 

Montrose, James Graham, Marquis of, 
trial (1641), iv.81 ; Charles L deter- 
mines not to treat without him, 135, 
1 38 ; account of, 92 n, 1 35 n ; defeats 
the Covenanters at Kilsythe, 168 n ; 
portrait, iii. 301 ; alluded to, i. 267 ; 
iii. 42, 380 

Monument (London), building of, ii. 
156 ; words on against the Papists 
erased, 225 

Moody, Rev. Mr., recommended for a 
living, L 3'20 

Moon, on the nature of its light, i. 32 

Moore, Dr. John, Bishop of Ely, his 
library, ii. 353 

Moorfields, its manufactory of camlets, 
i. 278 
j Morant, Rev. Philip, his " History of 
Essex," cited, i. 332 n 

Moray, Sir Robert, letter to Mr. Evelyn, 
iii. 203 

Mordaunt, Mr., acquitted (1658), i, 

Lord Viscount, i. 319, 336, 

iv. 75 n, 322 n ; attempts to pervert 
the Duke of Gloucester, 203, 216 

, Ralph, Duke of, his palace 

at Bloomsbury (now the British 
Museum), ii. 106, 135 ; described 188 ; 
burnt, 248 

-, Mr. Attorney,his son married 

to Mary Evelyn of VVoodcot, ii. 47 ; 
her death, 271. 

-, Lady Mary Wortley, ii. 388 

Montalbano, Dr., discoverer of phos- 
phorus, i. 193. 
Mont- Alto's villa, i. 112 
Monte Cavallo a iRome, i. Ill, 134 
Monte Feltre, Count and Countess, ii. 

Monte Pientio, or Mantumiato, i. 98 
Monte Pieta, i. 167 ; in Padua, 211 
Montefiascone, notice of, i. 100 
Montford, the player, murder of, ii. 322 

, Lord, ii. 48 n 

Montgomery Castle declares for the 

King, iv. 145 
Montgomeryshire, fiery exlialation in 

(1694), ii. 328 
Mont Louis, dwellings of its inhabitants, 

i. 71 
Montpelier, celebrated for perfumes, 

&c., iii. 83 
Montreuil, Mons., iv. 174 ; deceived by 

Mazarine, 175 n 
, description of, L 41 

343, 345, 348, 358, 374 ; case between 

him and Captain Taylor, ii. 19 ; 

letters to Mr. Evelyn, iii. 1 32, 243 ; 

Mr. Evelyn his trustee, ii. 109 ; 

notice of, i. 413 ; ii. 379 
, Lady, her charity, &c., ii. 

104, 105, 109, 120; Mr. Evelyn her 

executor, 131, 138, 141 

Lady Mary, ii. 94 n, 110 

Lady, house at Ashsted, i. 

399 ; ii. 268 
More, Sir Thomas, portrait of, i. 249 : 

iii. 301 
Morgan, Mr., iv. 208 n 

, Captain, iv. 225 

, Mr., botanist, i. 328 

■ •, Dr. Robert, Bishop of Bangor, 

i. 340 
, Col., exploits at Panama, ii. 61, 

Morghen, Raphael, fine engraving by, 

i. 226 n 
Morice, Mr., Secretary, i 355, 396 ; ii. 

21 ; his library, i. 377 ; ii. 22 ; notice 

of, 379 

, Mons., professor at Geneva, 

i. 242, 243 
Morine, Mons., his garden and collection 

of insects, &c., i. 65, 265 
Morison, Dr., professor of botany, ii. 

99, 384 
Morland, Sir Samuel, his inventions, ii. 

26, 64, 113, 176 ; account of him and 



bis father, 26 ; his house at Lambeth, 
159 ; inventions to assist his blind- 
ness, &c., 338 
Morley, Af^es, school founded by, i. 5 
, Dr. Georjfe (Bishop of Win- 
chester), with Charles II. in exile, 
iv. 205, 208, 211 ; i. 254, 271 n, 375, 
377, ii. 104 ; coronation sermon by, 
i. 350 ; letter of Mr. Evelyn to on 
the Duchess of York's apostacy, ii. 
] 67 ; iii. 255 ; the Bishop's vindication, 
256 ; portrait, 301 

-, Col., a friend of Mr. Evelyn, 

and one of theCouncil of State (1652), 
t 278, 308 ; Mr. Evelyn attempts to 
bring him over to the King, 334 ; the 
Colonel hesitates, 335 ; procures par- 
don, 336 ; Mr. Evelyn's negotiations 
with him, 422 

Morocco, Ambassador, Named Hamet 
(1682), ii. 161 ; entertainment given 
to, 162 ; admitted of the Royal 
Society, 167 ; Lord Howard made 
Ambassador to, ii. 31 

Morosini, Ambassador from Venice to 
France, i. 269 

"Morrice, Colonel, Governor of Pomfret 
Castle, account of, iv. 283 

Morris, Mr., scrivener, ii. 116 n 

Morton, Countess, allusions to, L 254, 
262; iv. 221 

Moms, Mons. (Alexander Morus !), a 
French preacher, i. 360 

Mosaics, i. 124, 125, 129, 134, 142, 173, 
1 99. See Pietra Commessa. 

Moscow burnt (1699), ii. 354 

Moulins, brief account of, i. 76 

Moulins, M., surgeon, i. 250 

Mountains, travelling in the, L 99, 191, 

Moontebanks at Rome, i. 168, 182 ; at 
Venice. 216 

Mowbray, Lord (son of Earl of Arundel), 
L 214 ; notice of, 404 

Muccinigo, Sign., Venetian Amba.<«sador, 
entertained by Mr. Evelyn (1668), ii. 
35; iii. 211 ; his entry into London, 
ii. 43, 53 

Mulberry garden, i. 288 

Mulgrave, Lord, ii. 79, 135, 325, 326 

Mammies, fragments of, given to Evelyn, 
i. 213 

MundanuR, philosophers' elixir projected 
by, ii. 374 

<<Mundu8 Muliebris" (1690), a poem 
by Mr. Evelyn, ii, 216, 396 

Morano, near Venice, aecoimt of, I 212 

Mnrillo, painting by, ii. 325 
Mnro torto at Rome, i. 1 7 1 
Murray, Colonel Charles, iv. 233 n, 234 n 
', Mr. Mungo, iv. 88, 89 ; notice 

of, 89 n 

-, Mr. Wm., in the confidence of 

Charles I., iv. 54, 63, 69, 73, 96, 107, 
110, 118, 130 n, 353 

, Col. WilUam, iv. 167, 168 

-, Sir Robert, one of the insti- 

tutors of the Royal Society, i. 346, 

352 n, 367, 389 ; ii. 47, 04, 393; iii. 

348 ; funeral of, ii 84 
Muscbamp, Mr, ii. 285 
Musgrave, Sir Philip, i. 254 
Music, singing, &c., particulars relating 

to, 1.20—25,109—111 
Musical instrument, a new invention, i. 

Muscovy Ambassador, audience of 

(1662), i. 372 

•, Czar of, his conduct to the 

English Ambassador, i. 373 n 
"Mustapha," a tragedy, by Earl of 

Orrery, i. 391 ; ii. 18 
Mutiano, Girolamo, painting by, i. 109 
Mynne, George, of Woodcote, i. 247 ; 

Pedigree, ii. 397 

" Naked Truth," a pamphlet, ii. 104 

Nalson, John, " Collection of the Affairs 
of State," iv. 68 n 

Nantes, Edict of, revocation of, ii. 242. 
See Huguenots 

Nanteuil's portraits of Mr. Evelyn, i. 
258, 408 

Naples, state of in 1648, iv. 349, 350 ; 
inscription over the gate, i. 148 ; 
account of the city, 149 - 163 ; Castle 
of St. Elmo, &c., 150 ; the Mole, ib ; 
Cathedral and Churches, 151 ; Monas- 
tery of the CarthuHisns, ib ; Museums, 
152; Carnival, ih ; Vesuvius, 153, 
154 ; Pausili])po, 154 ; Lago d'Ag- 
nano, 155; Grotto del Cane, 156 ; 
Court of Vulcan, ib ; Puteoli, &c., 
157, 161 ; Lake Avenms and cave, 
159; Cuma, t6; Baiae, 154, 160, 
161 ; Misenus, 160 ; Elysian Fields, 
ib ; Arsenal, 161 ; manners of the 
people, 161,162; execution at, 183; 
etchings of views near, ii. 396 ; its 
geology, iii. 326 

Narbrough, Sir John, Journal of, iii. 

Nasebv, battle of, iv. 1 47 n ; Charles 
holds a Council of War before, 151 n 



Nassan-Dietz, William Frederick, Prince 

of (1654), iv. 215 n, 222 n 
Nassau, Prince William of, and his son 

Maurice, monuments, i. 21 ; iii. 262 
Naudaeus, Gaspar, " On Libraries," 

translated by Mr. Evelyn (1661), i. 

357 ; ii. 391, 395 ; noticed, i. 358 ; 

iii. 303, 373 
" Navigation and Commerce" (1674), by 

Mr. Evelyn, ii. 91, 396. See Dutch 

Navy, provided for by Act of Tonnage 

and Poundage (1641), iv. 61 ; state of 

(1656), 267—270 n, 278 n, 309 
Neale, Sir P., optician, i. 314 
— — , Mr., lotteries set up by, ii. 326, 

332 ; built the Seven Dials, &c., 332 
Neapolitano, Carlo, painter, i. 105, 115 
Needham, Dr. Jasper, i. 317, 335, 413 ; 

funeral and eulogy, ii. 135 ; iii. 83 
, Sir Robert, and Lady, L 321, 

328, 377 
Needlework, Landscape of, i. 342 
Negroes, to be baptized, ii. 234 ; revolt 

of, in Barbadoes (1692), 323 
Negros, Hieronymo del, Palace at 

Genoa, i. 85 
Neile, Sir Paul, i. 351 
Neptune, Temple of, i. 158 ; Rock of, 

239 ; launching of, ii. 174 
Nero, Emperor of Rome, vestiges, &c., 

of, i. 135, 159, 160, 161, 163, 170 
Neubourg, Marquis de,enterprise against 

Ushant, iv. 271 
Nevers, brief notice of, i. 244 
Newburgh, Lord, iL 202 
Newcastle, William Cavendish, first 

Marquis of, iv. 348 ; summoned by 

the Queen (1641), 84; leaves England, 

141 n ; tutor to Prince Charles, 154 n; 

seat at Welbeck, i. 299 
, Duke and Duchess of, Mr. 

Evelyn visits them, ii. 22, 23 ; fanciful 

dress of the Duchess, 22, 23 ; iv. 8 ; 

visits the Royal Society, ii. 23 ; the 

Duke's book on Horsemanship, 22 ; 

iii. 246 ; marriage of his daughter, ii. 

333 ; portrait of the Duke, iii. 301 ; 
on Mr. Evelyn's "Discourse of Forest 
Trees," 226 ; letters and poems to the 
Duke and Duchess, 244 n ; panegy- 
rical letter of Mr. Evelyn to the 
Duchess, 244 

New Hall (the great Duke of Buckmg- 

ham's), i. 316 
Newmarket, Charles II.'s house at, 

iL 48; stables and heath, 48, 49; 

court at, and races (1671), 63, 67 ; 
revelUng, &c., at, 67 ; collection for 
rebuilding Newmarket after fire, 186 
Newport, Andrew, ii. 1 38 

Montjoy Blount, Earl of. 

protests against an order in the Com- 
mons (164l),iv. 68 n ; i. 347 ; pictures 
in his possession, ii. 203 ; treasurer 
of the Household (1685), 211; (1689), 
293 ; alluded to, 224, 233 
-, Viscountess, ii. 129 

Newport, King's farewell speech and 

Commissioners at ( 1648), iv. 185 
" News from Brussels unmasked " 

(1660), by Mr. Evelyn, i. 336 ; ii. 

Newstead Abbey, notice of, i, 299 
Newton, Sir Adam, monument of, i. 

278, 409 

, Sir Henry, allusions to, i. 278, 

310, 317 ; his house at Charlton, 285, 

-, Mr., married Mr. Evelyn's 

grandmother, i. 6 ; her death, 263 
Nice, in Savoy, notice of, i. 82 
Nice, Daniel, his collection of coins, iii. 

Nicholai, of Rome, base singer, i. 183 
Nicholao, excellence on the violin, ii. 

94, 137 
Nicholao del Abati, painting by, i. 56 
Nicholas, Sir Edward, Secretary of 
State ; his private correspondence 
with Charles I. (1641-48), iv, 47— 
185 ; Charles l.'s testimony to his 
worth, 57 ; desires to remove to the 
country, 60, 70 ; directions about 
Collar of Rubies, 73, 83, 85, 90, 103; 
urges Charles l.'s return from Scot- 
land, 107 — 122 ; advises the Kbig 
about vacant liishopricks, 72, 79, 
116 ; of treacherous counsellors, 77, 
94, 97 ; of the Marquis of Montrose, 
81 ; zeal in the King's service, 89, 91 , 
112; anxiety about the " Incident," 
92-97, 105, 111 ; his letters dis- 
closed, 103 ; thanks the King for 
destroying his letters, 105, 129 ; 
advises him to require attendance of 
all Members in Parhament, 109 ; 
King Charles promises to protect 
him, 112 ; letters of Queen Henri- 
etta to, 50, 84 ; ditto to direct Earl of 
Caernarvon to attend in Parliament, 
115; ditto to forward dispatches, 118; 
desires the Kmg to destroy or return 
his letters for his greater safety, 115, 



117; advises him to defer signing 
the Thirteen Bishops* p&rdon, 123 ; 
his ilhiess, 1*24 ; advises the King to 
receive the Hertfordshire gentry, 127, 
132; knighted by King Charles 1., 
1 34 n ; letters of Sir R. Browne to 
(1642 and 1643), 335—341 ; his 
opinion in a Council of War held 
December (1644), 144; King Charles I. 
thankful for his services (1645), 146 
n ; directed to put Oxford upon short 
allowance, 148 ; letter by the King's 
command sent to Sir Harry Vane the 
younger, 172 ; the King again ac- 
knowledges his services ( 1648), 184 ; 
correspondence of Sir E. Nicholas 
and the Roval family after the death 
of Charles I., 189—227; letter con- 
cerning Marsys's translation of tlie 
« Eikon Basilike," 189 ; letter to King 
Charles II. (1649), on his counsellors, 
191 ; Charles II. 's promise to, 194; 
letters of James Duke of York to, for 
money, 199 ; of the same, on Charles 
II.*s esteem for Sir Edward, 200 ; of 
King Charles II. to (1652), ib ; of 
Mary, Princess Dowager of Orange, 
to, on Charles I I's affairs (1653), 201 ; 
of Chai-les II. to keep together his 
friends, 202 ; of Elizabeth Queen of 
Bohemia to (1654-5), 205—226; 
De Larry's character of, 192 n ; 
arrived at Caen, 231 ; at Aix-la- 
Chapelle, 205 ; letters to, from Sir 
Richard Browne, 335 — 341, 343 ; 
account of, iv. 48 ; alluded to, i. 252, 
397; ii. 90 

Nicholas, Mr. John, son of Secretary 
Nicholas, i. 67, 76 

, Friar, of Paris, chemist, &c., 

i. 263 

NicholU, Colonel, ii. 60 ; iii. 240 

Nichols, John, his ** Progresses of 
Queen Elizabeth," referred to, i. 1 n ; 
bis " Literary Anecdotes," iv. 190 n 

, Mr. Anthony, iv. 59 ; Par- 
liament sends him to Edinburgh 
(1641), ii 

Nicholson, Dr. William, Bishop of 
Gloucester, i. 359 

NicoUs, Mr., iv. 233 and n, 235 

Nicolson, Dr. William, Bishop of Car- 
lisle, ii. 368 ; correoponds with Mr. 
Evelyn, iii. 378, 383, 384 

Nieuport, Dutch Ambassador, notices 
of, i. 314 ; his account of the Dutch 
East India Company, 318 ; alluded to, 

322, 330, 332 ; policy of his nation, 

Nineveh, remains, &e., of, ii. 89, 1 46 
Niobe and her Family, statues of, L 

Nismes, city of, &c., iii. 83 
" Noah's Ark," shop at Paris so called, 

i. 48 
Noli me tangere, by Hans Holbein, ii. 

147, 386 
Nonesuch House, Surrey, ii. 1, 377 
Norden, John, accuracy of his map, ii 

Norfolk, Thomas, fourth Duke of, letters 

of, iii. 380 

-, Thomas, fifth Duke of, re- 

stored to tiie title, i. 359, 364 ; his 
death, ii. 118 

-, Henry, sixth Duke of, i. 405 ; 

" Marmora Oxoniensis " presented to, 
by the University, ii. 105 ; marries 
his concubine, Mrs. Bickerton, 118, 
120 n ; his house and pictures, 120, 
121, 270 ; presents the Arundelian 
Library to the Royal Society, 122 ; 
collection of pictures, 175 ; his skill 
in horsemanship, 202 ; letters to and 
from Mr. Evelyn, iii. 211, 217; 
alluded to, ii. 121, 268. See Howard 
-, Henry, seventh Duke of, his 

divorce bill thrown out (1692), ii. 
319, 322 ; his kindness to the Evelyn 
family, 327 ; succeeds in obtaining bis 
divorce (1700), 358 ; his deatli, 365 ; 
alluded to, 348. See Howard 

-, Duchess of (Mrs. Bickerton), u. 

118, 120,270 

-, Palace of the Dukes of (1671), 

ii. 65, 66 

-, Philip, Cardinal of, i. 219, 405 

Normanby, Marquis of, on death of 
Charles II , &c., ii. 332, 333 

Normandy, excursion into, i. 59 — 62 j 
tomb of Robert, Duke of, 296 n 

North, Lord, ii. 105, 108, 170 

-, Sir Francis, ii. 73 ; Lord Chief 

Justice, 133; Lord Keeper, 170; 
character of, 193 ; his death, 232 
-, Sir Dudley, and his brother 

Roger, ii, 232 

-, Dr. (son of Lord), sermon of. 

ii. 105, 107 
North Foreland Lighthouse, Kent, ii. 74 
Northampton, Earl of (1658-60), i. 331, 

338 ; (1669), ii. 41, 83 ; (1676), 107, 

Earl and Countess (1688), 277 ; his 

seat, ib 



Northampton, town of, ii. 100, 277—279 

North West Passage, attempt to dis- 
cover, ii. 107 

Northumberland, Earl of, portrait of, 
iii. 301 

' , Henry Percy, eighth 

Earl of, suicide of, ii. 180 

-, Algernon Percy, tenth 

Earl of, account of, i. 414 ; his pic 
tures at SuflFolk House, 328 ; his 
house at Sion, 306 ; alluded to, 347 ; 
iii. 106 ; iv. 185 n, 303 n 

, Joceline, eleventh 

Earl of, his daughter's marriage, ii. 

Countess of (Lady 

Elizabeth Howard, wife of tenth Earl), 
i. 343 ; marriage of her grand daugh- 
ter, ii. 159 ; her death, 374 

, Countess of (widow of 

eleventh Earl), ii. 1 88 and n 

George Fitz Roy, 

Duke of ( natural son of King Charles 
II.), ii. 108, li)5;accountof him, 199; 
his horsemanship, 202; attempted to 
spirit away his wife, 251 

Norton, Colonel, ii. 236 

■, Lady, infamous conduct of, to 
Charles I., i. 286 

Norwich, brief account of, ii. 66 

Norwich, George Goring, Earl of. Am- 
bassador to France, i. 44 ; heads the 
rising in Kent (1648), 246 ; iiL 14,26, 
27, 28; tried before the rebels, i. 248; 
his house in Eppiug Forest, ii. 43, 
173; alluded to, i. 252, 272, 275; 
iii. 46 

Norwood, Colonel, ii. 81 

Notre Dame, Cathedral of, at Antwerp, 
i. 31; at Paris, 46 ; at Rouen, 60; at 
Marseilles, 81 

Nottingham, town of, i. 299 

Nottingham, Earl of, refused to sit in 
Council with Papists (1688), ii. 282 ; 
protests against the abdication of 
James II., 291; sells Kensington to 
King William, 303; quarrel with Ad- 
miral Russell, 322; resigns Secretary 
of State, 326 ; fire at his house at 
Burleigh, 374; alluded to, 130 n, 

November, Fifth of, forbidden to be 
kept, ii. 244 

Nowel, Dr. Alexander, portrait, iii. 301 

Nulls, Sir John, iv. 74 

Nuncio of the Pope at the French Court 
(1649), i. 254 

Nuffield, Surrey, descent of the Evelyns 
of, Pedigree,'\\. 397 

Nutmegs, jealousy of the Dutch respect- 
ing, iii. 258 

Nuts found by swine, &c., i. 78 

Oakhah, tenure of the Barons Ferrers 
at, i. 298 

Oak wood Chapel, endowment and repair 
of, ii. 337, 366 

Gates, Titus, conspiracy discovered by, 
ii. 125; iii. 252; character of, ii. 126; 
accuses the Queen, and several Po- 
pish peers, 127 ; evidence against Sir 
George Wakeman, 1 32 ; reflexions on 
his conduct, 152, 220; a witness 
against Lord Stafford, 151 ; Lord 
Stafford's remarks on his evidence, 
152 ; his knavery and imprudence, 
178 ; tried for perjury, 221, 299; his 
punishment, 222, 224, 226 ; writ of 
error in the judgment of, 297 ; his 
reviling book against King James, 341 

Oatlands, mansion at, referred to, iv. 
50 n, 60, 70, 75, 91, 96, 99, 106, 114, 
122, 183 n ; Queen Henrietta resides 
at, 50, 58, 59, 105 n 

O'Beirne, Sullivan, Col., in service of 
Charles II. (1653), iv. 276 n, 277 n ; 
(1654) 299, 300 

"Obeliscus Pamphilius, et .^gyptiacus " 
(1650-54), i. 213 

Obelisk, of Octavius Csesar, i. 119 ; of 
Constantine, 125 ; in Circus Caracalla, 
165 ; brought from Egypt by Augus- 
tus, 114, 171 

Obligations and Tests, dispensed with 
(1687), ii. 265 

Oblivion, Act of, proceedings upon the 
(1641), iv. 56 

0' Brian, Mortagh, iv. 300 

O'Brien, Lord, ii. 91, 117 ; his widow, 
91 andn 

Octavius Caesar, obelisk of, i. 119 

Odart, Mr. Latin Secretary, ii. 8 

" CEconomis," by Mr. Evelyn, ii. 394 

Oesters House, at Antwerp, i. 33 

"Offices and Meditations," by Mr. 
Evelyn, ii. 394 

Offley, Mr. Thomas, groom -porter, i. 
247, 284, 328 

, Dr., Rector of Abinger, ii. 13; 

sermon of, 337 ; his gift to Oakwood 
Chapel, ib 

Offley family, ii. 355 

Ogilhv, John, on the Progress of Charles 
1L'(166]), i. 348 n 

E B 



Ogle, Thomas, of Pincbl>eck, hia daugh- 
ter Anne, ii. 100 II, 101 

, Lady, widow of Lord, re-marriage 

to Mr. Thyime, ii. 159, 161, 165, 386 

Oglethorpe, Mr, duel fought by, ii. 370 

Ogniati, Count, ii. 48 

Old Bailey, inaii pressed to death at the, 
i. 283 

Old Jewry, Sir Robert Clayton's house 
in the ii. 79 n 

01 lenburg, Aune, Countess of, letters of, 
iiu 3U0 

■ — , Henry, Secretary to Royal 

Society, confined in the Tower, ii. 27, 
380 ; letter of Mr. Evelyn to, 16 n ; 
alluded to. iv. 105, 393 ; iii. 207 

Oleiue, Count, his palace at Vinceuza, 

Oliva, Padre, General of the Jesuits, ii. 

Oliver, Peter, miniatures of, L 246, 308, 
342, 352 

Olivetani, Padri, church of, i. 210 

Olonne, Count d', i. 268 

O'Neale, Captain Daniel, iv. 263 n ; 
his danger from Parliament, 76, and 
n ; arrested, 78 n ; committed to the 
Gatehouse, 95 ; Parliament examines, 
94, 127—129 

, Mr., built Belsize House, ii. 


Onion, Spanish, iii. 206 

Onocratylua, or Pelican,!. 389 

Onslow, Arthur, his seat at West Clan- 
don, L 320 ; ii. 52 ; iii. 30 n 

, Deuzil, bis house at Purford, 

ii. 158 

, Sir Richard, ii. 313, 348, 351, 
363; subscription to Greenwich Hos- 
pital, 345 II ; contested elections for 
Surrey, 367, 375 ; duel with Mr. 
OKlethurpe, 370 ; noticed, iii. 18, 20, 
330, 331 

Onslow, l<;arl of, i. 320 ; ii. 158 n 

Ouufrio, Cardinal, of Rome, i. 168 

Opdani, Admiral, iv. 210 

Opera at Venice (1645), i. 204 ; at Mi- 
lan, 229 ; at the Court in Paris, 265 ; 
in England, 331 ; iL 90 

Optics, letter on, iii. 207 

Orange, town and principality of, i. 79 

Orange, Henry Frederick, Prince of, 
u. 114 

, William, Prince of, i, 401 ; 

ii. 52, 116, 117; marries Princess 
Mary, 116; accusation of Deputies of 
Amsterdam, 194 ; forces seat by, to 

James IL (1685), 230. See WU- 


Orange, Princess of, sister of Charles IL, 

i. 28, 341, 343, 364 ; her death, 344 

, Prince of (1641 ), his protection, 

of the Queen Mother, iv. 67; his 
death, i. 26 ; referred to, i. 15; iv. 
195, 199, 2-27, 3-:s9 

-, Mary, Princess Dowager of, 

letter to Sir E. Nicholas on Cliarles's 

affairs (1653), iv. 201 ; letter of the 

States to (16.i5), 226 ; references to, 

206, 214 u, 222 
Oranges raised in England, iL 28, 1 35, 

361 ; iii. 243 
Ordination of Ministers in France (1650), 

L 258 
Organs, notices of, various, L 24, 25, 97, 

145, 172,225. 292,372 
Orias, Prince d', palace and garden of, 

i. 86 
Orleanes, Mons., iv. 316 
Orleans, Duke of, i. 269 ; iv. 243, 345, 

347, 388 ; governed by De Retz 

(1554), 319 n 

, Henrietta, Duchess of, iv. 205, 

244 n 

-, Duke of (temp. Hen. V.), L 
281 and n ; ii. 91 

-, Gaston Jean Baptiste, Duke 

of, his palace, &c., i. 62 — 64 ; ii. 260 
Orleans, account of, i. 67, 244 
Ormond, James Butler, Marquess, after- 
wards Duke of (1649), iii. 43; (1654), 
iv. 322 n, 348— 350; attempt to pervert 
tlie Duke of Gloucester, 216 n ; bis 
estates restored, i. 339 ; on tlie na- 
tural history of Ireland, 357 ; Chan- 
cellor of Oxford, and created Doctor, 
ii. 42 ; anecdote respecting, 97 ; lays 
down his commission, 352 ; restored, 
ib ; alluded to, i. 256, 263, 328, 339, 
351, 359,365,391 ; ii. 144 
-, Duchess of, ii. 109 

On"ery, Richard Broghill, Earl of, plays 
by, i. 391 ; ii. 18 ; his mansion burnt, 
iii. 319 

Osborne, Sir Thomas (afterwards Earl 
of Dauby, Marquess Carmarthen, anu 
Duke of Leeds), Lord Treasurer, ii. 
84 ; strictures on, 86 ; his adminis- 
tration, 162 ; his imprisonment, 191 ; 
released, 194 ; alluded to, i. 262 ; ii. 
117, 302, 303 ; account of, i. 408 

Osiris, inscriptions concerning, i. 100 ; 
statue of, 107 

Ossory, Thomas Butler (Earl of). Lord, 



his horsemanship, i. 256 ; adventure 
of, 256, 257 ; averse to attacking the 
Smyrna fleet, ii. 69, 145 ; a younger 
Brother of the Trinity House, 82; Mas- 
ter, 98; commands forces in Holland, 
119; his expedition to Tangier, 43; 
death, 144; character of h\m, ib; Mr. 
Evelyn's letter to the Countess, iii. 
254; alluded tn,i. 339 ; it 116, 137 ; 
his dauglit«r, 108 

Ossory, James Butler, Earl of (son of 
the great Earl), i. 256 ; ii. 1 68 ; his 
marriage, 170, 242 ; his mansion de- 
stroyed, 310 ; account of, i. 407 

Ostend, notice of, i. 37 

Otter-hunting, i. 359 

Ottobone, Cardinal Pietro, elected Pope 
(Alexander VIII.), ii. 301 

Oudart, Mr., confidence of Charles I. 
and II. in, i. 381 ; iv. 183 n, 195 

Oughtred, Rev. William, mathematician, 
i. 285 ; iii. 67 ; conversation with Mr. 
Evelyn, i. 309 

Ouseley, Sir Gore, i. 93 n 

, Sir Charles, i. 312 

Outram, Dr., Vicar of St. Margaret's, 
ii. 137 

Ovens of portable iron, ii. 8 

O^d, Metamorphoses of, in mezzo- 
relievo, i. 181 

Owen, Dr. John, Bishop of St Asaph 
(1641), iv. 99 n 

, Dr. Morgan, Bishop of Landaff 

(1641), iv. 99 n 

, Sir Joim, i. 251, 406 

, Dr. Richard, a sequestered mi- 
nister, i. 248, 249, 277, 283,284, 286, 
287, 306, 328, 381 

, Dr. John, the Independent, i. 290 

, Mrs. Amy, of Eltham, corresponds 
with Mr. Evelyn, iv. 41, 42 

Ox, remarkable one, i. 250 

Oxford, Aubrey de Vere, Earl of, his 
mistress, i. 359, 360 ; ii. 18 ; alluded 
to, i. 373, 376 ; ii. 51 ; notice of, i. 

Oxford besieged (1645), iv. 145, 147 — 
149, 167, 170, 174; surrendered, 176; 
visit of Mr Evelyn to (1654), i. 290 — 
293; the Act, 290; Bodleian Library, 

291 ; Anatomical School, St. John's, 

292 ; Christ Church, Magdalen, Phy- 
sic-garden, ib ; visit to (1664), 383 ; 
Theatre, All Souls, Magdalen, 384 ; 
Ashmolean Museum given to, 322, 
328 ; ii. 119 ; Court and Parliament 
held at (1665), i. 399; gift from, to 

wounded sailors, ii. 7; the Amndelian 
Marbles procured for, 29, 30, 41 ; 
Decree of Convocation, formally re- 
turning Mr. Evelyn thanks, 30 ; thanks 
to Mr. Howard, 31 ; Encaenia on the 
completion of the Theatre, 39 ; Terrae 
Alius, 40 ; the Act, 40, 41 ; Doctor's 
degree conferred on Mr. Evelyn, &c., 
42 ; visit of Mr. Evelyn to (1675) 99; 
Dr. Plot's curiosities, ib; Parliament 
at (1681), 155; reception of William 
III. at (1695), 337 

Packer, Mr., his seat and chapel at 
Groomsbridge, i. 281 ; ii. 1, 91, 188; 
his daughter's fine voice, 204 

Paddy, Sir William, portrait of, i. 369 

Padua,described,i.205 — 219; inscription 
over a gate, 206 ; tomb at St. Lo- 
renzo, ib ; St. Antony's Church, ib; 
Convent of St. Justina, 2o7 ; Great 
Hall, 210; Mont« Pieta Schools, 211; 
Garden of Simples, ib; nocturnal dis- 
orders at, 215 ; Lectures and Hos- 
pitals, 216 

Pageant at the Lord Mayor's Show 
(1660), i. 342; on the Thames (1 662), 
367. See London 

Paget, Lord, Ambassador, ii. 322 

Paine, Captain, i. 275 

Painters and Sculptors in Rome, i. 182; 
in Florence, 190 ; on adding their 
names to portraits, iii. 295 ; avarice of 
English painters, 379 

Painters' Hall, i. 386; ii. 7 

"Painter's Voyage of Italy" (1679), 
cited, i. 137n, 226n, 228n 

Painting, old Roman, described, i. 133 

" Painting, Perfection of," by Mr. Eve- 
lyn, ii. 35, 391,396 

Painting on the face, first used by 
females, i. 288 

Palace of the Pope at Monte Cavallo, i. 
110, 134 

Palais Cardinal, at Paris, i. 66 ; royal 
masque at, 265 

Palais ( Exchange), at Paris, i. 48 

Palais lloyal, Paris, i. 49 

Palais, Isle du, Paris, i. 48 

Palazzo Barberini, at Rome, i. 107 ; 
Medici, at Rome, 108 ; Maggiore, at 
Rome, 128 ; Ghisi, at Rome, 134 ; 
Caraffa, at Naples, 1 52 ; Vecchio, at 
Florence, 92 — 94; dell* Cancellaria, 
at Rome, 167 

Palladio, Andrea, Works of, i. 207, 210, 
220, 221 

2 £ E 



PalUvicini, Cardinal Sfurza, works of, 
iii. 112 

Falina, Jacopo, paintings by, i. 56, 249 

Palmer, Sir James, i. 248 

, Jeffrey, iv. 135 n; portrait of, 
iiL 301 

— — , Dudley, of Gray's Inn, his 
curious clocks, &c., i. 353 ; member 
of Royal Society, iii. 293 

Pamphili, John liaptista, elected Pope 
(Innocent X.), i. 98 ; palaces of his 
family, 168 

Pamphilio, Cardinal, i. 118, 177 

Panama, expedition of Colonel Morgan 
to, ii. 61 

Panmure, George Maule, second Earl 
of, iv. 182 n 

PanciruUus, Guido, on a Roman corpse, 
i. 147 

« Panegyric, poetical, on King Charles 
II.'s Coronation," by Mr. Evelyn, i. 
351 ; ii. 391, 396 

Pantheon at Rome, i. 169 

Paolo Veronese. See Cagliari 

Paper, from China, i. 379; process of 
manufacturing, ii. 121 

Paper-office, ravages committed in, iii. 

Papillion, Mr., i. 314 

Papillon, Mr., ii. 177 

Papin, Denis, his Digestors, ii. 166 ; 
notice of, 386 

Papists, laws enforced against, iv. 127, 
334 n ; conspiracy of (1 696), banished 
ten miles from London, ii. 339 ; dis- 
possessed of estates (1700), 359. See 
Roman Catholics 

Paplewick, view from, i. 299 

Paradise, banqueting house so called, 
i. 364 ; an exiiibition of animals, ii. 88 

Paris, description of (1643-4), i. 44—67; 
(1646 7). 245; (1649), 2.52—259; 
(1650), 262—274; Pont Neuf, 44; 
Cathedral of Notre Dame, 46; Jesuits' 
Church and College, 47 ; the Sorboniie, 
%b ; the Exchange and Palais, 48; St. 
Chapelle and Isle dn Palais, ib ; 
Marais du Temple, St. Genevieve, 
Palais Royale, 49 ; Hotel de la Cha- 
rity, &c., 49, 256; Jardin Royale, 49; 
Bois de Viucennes, 50 ; the Louvre, 
ib; the Palace of the Tuilleries, ib; 
its gardens, 51 ; St Germains-en- 
Laye, 52, 54 ; Count de Liancourt's 
palace and pictures, 55, 56 ; Fon- 
ta'nebleau, 57, 58 ; palace of Luxem- 
burg, 62 ; gardens, 63 ; view of, from 

St. Jacques' steeple, 64 ; St. Innocent's 
Churchyai'd, 65 ; Mons. Morine's gar- 
den, t6 ; Palais Cardinal, 66, 254 ; 
muster of the gens d'armes of, 66 ; 
President Maison's Palace, 253; 
audience of the English Ambassador 
(1649), 254 ; St. Stephen's Church, 
255 ; Masquerades at, 256 ; Madrid, 
55,256 ; ordination of English Divines 
at (1650), 258 ; Samaritan or Pump 
at Pont Neuf, ib ; Convent of Bonnes 
Hommes, 263 ; Friar Nicholas, ib ; 
Torture at the Chateh't, 264 ; Opera 
at the Palais Cardinal, 265 ; cere- 
monies on Corpus Christi, 266 ; pro- 
cession of Louis XIV. to Parliament, 
268 ; audience of English Ambas- 
sador, 269 ; King's gardens, 270 ; 
Mark Antonio the enameller, 273 ; 
parliamentary proceedings (1648), iv. 
345—350 ; besieged in 1649 and 1652 
by Prince of Condc, i. 249, 279 ; re- 
joicings on the reported death of 
William in. (1690), ii. 309 

Paris, Archbishop of, house at St. Cloes, 
i. 52 

Park at Brussels, i. 35 ; at Pisa, 90 ; at 
Hampton Court, 364 

Park, John James, his " History of 
Hampstead " referred to, i. 380 n 

Parker, Dr. Samuel, Bishop of Oxford, 
ii. 256 ; his death and character, 271 
, Matthew, Archbishop of Canter- 

bury, iii. 380 

-, William, works of, iii. 109 

Parker's almanack quoted, iii. 324 
Parkhurst, Sir Robert, ii. 158 

, Dr., master of Baliol College, 

Oxford, i. 10 
Parliament, opening and dissolution of 
(1642),i.l2 — 14; procee(iing8of(1641), 
iv, 49 — 57, 68; respecting the garrison 
of the Tower, 51 ; orders Recusants 
to be disarmed, 51, 60, 108, 119, 126, 
334 n ; refuses Irish regiments to 
S|tain, 53 n, 54 n, 66 ; sequesters Dr. 
Roger Mauwaring, 55 n ; sequestera 
pay of Col. Wilmot, 56 ; House of 
Peers orders ballad against Queen 
Mother to be burnt, 57 ; takes ex- 
ception at the King's pardon, 58 ; 
adjournment of,59 — 61,65,67,85,90; 
proceedings on Charles's answer to 
the Parliamentary Commission, 59 
and n ; on the Act of Tonnage and 
Poundage, 51 n, 61 n, 63, 64, 74, 88 ; 
on forfeiture of Londonderry, 61,86 ; 



House of Peers orders Sir J. Penning- 
ton to delay going to Ireland, 62 ; 
Committees of both Houses meet, 64, 
66 ; order garrisons of Carlisle and 
Berwick to be paid, 65 ; directions to 
Lord Admiral, 64 ; declaration of, 
against superstitious rites, 65 ; pro- 
ceedings of the Committees, 66 ; 
difference between Committees of 
both Houses respecting the Church, 
&c., 68 n ; order concex-ning the 
Crown jewels in 1646, 69 n ; inquiry 
of, into the Royal revenue, 74 ; un- 
popularity of, 75 ; proceedings at a 
conference of the Committees, 83 ; 
removed from London on account 
of the plague, 88, 90; proceedings of, on 
news of the « Incident," 91, 97 ; Par- 
liament meets, 92 n ; orders of, con- 
cerning Berwick, 94 and n ; proceed- 
ings against Sir J. Berkeley, 94, 99 ; 
corresponds with the Commissioners 
in Scotland, ib ; proceedings con- 
cerning Bishops' votes, 95, 97, 102; 
order about jurisdiction of Archbishop 
of Canterbury, 98 ; chooses Speaker, 
99, 119; debate in the Commons about 
Counsellors, 80, 89, 100, 101, 114 ; 
holds a conference about the Prince's 
education, 105 ; dislikes the creation 
of new bishops, 99 n, 102, 106 ; 
members of, commanded to attend, 
100, 109, 116, 120, 125 ; proceedings 
of, on the Irish Rebellion, 106 — 114 ; 
treats with the city of London about 
soldiers in Ireland, 108; considers of 
dissolving Capuchin Convent, 73, 109; 
sends troops against the Irish, 112; 
Charles sends letters on Irish Rebel- 
lion to the Committee, ib ; considers 
of Instructions to English Commis- 
sioners at Edinburgh, 116, 120 ; pro- 
ceedings upon the Remonstrance on 
state of the Kingdom, 117, 121, 125, 
130, 133 ; proceedings respecting 
Irish Rebellion, 119, 122, 125, 127 ; 
plot against, 126, 129 ; affronts the 
Venetian Ambassador, 127 ; proceed- 
ings about the impeached Bishops, 
123, 128 ; intercepts letters of Mr. 
Crofts and Duchess of Chevreuse, 
1 30 ; examines Colonel Goring, ib ; 
march of the army under Sir William 
Waller, 136 ; persons sitting at West- 
minster not fit to be considered a 
Parliament, 144 ; besieges Oxford 
(1645), 145 n, 149 n ; the King's 

contempt for the, 157 ; successes of 
their aimies(1646), 179— 181; Crom- 
well dissolves the Long Parliament, 
208 n, 275 and n ; (1648), surprised 
by th3 Rebel Army, i. 247; summoned 
by Cromwell in 1656, 317 ; opened 
by Charles II. (1661), 351 ; fast held 
by the, 360 ; prorogued by Charles 
IL (1665), 391; subsidy granted by, 
to the King (1671), ii. 58 ; Roman 
Catholic Lords excluded (1678), 127 ; 
elections (1685), influenced by the 
Court, 212, 219, 223 ; speech of King 
James II. on his accession, 222 ; pro- 
ceedings of (1685), 244 ; steadfastness 
of its Protestant members, 262 ; 
(1687), prorogued, 264 ; debate in 
the Lords respecting Regency, 290; 
precipitate conduct of the Commons 
(1689), 294; prorogued and dissolved 
(1690), 302; proceedings on discovery 
of conspiracy against William III. 
(1695), 339 ; Parliament (1705), 376 ; 
Mr. Evelyn's sentiments on Parlia- 
mentary Reform, iii. 357 

" Parliamentary Debates" referred to, 
iv. 90 n 

" Parliamentary History" referred to, 
iv. 66, 74, 78, 92, 95, 102, 120 notes 

Parma, Duke of, triumphal arch of the, 
i. 131 ; his collection, 143 ; his palace 
Caprarola, 184 

Parmensis, Battista, i. 56 ; drawings of 

Parquiou, letters of, iii. 380 

Parr, Dr. Richard, funeral sermon on 
Dr. Breton, ii. 68 ; iv. 31 ; alluded 
to, ii. 59 ; visit of Mr. Evelyn to, 252 

Parson's Green, Lord Mordaunt's house 
at, i. 345 ; ii. 141 

Parsons, Mr., iv. 172 

Pasquin, remains of the statue of, i. 1 68 

Passignano, Domenico Cresti, painting 
by, i. 56 

Passion, instance of violent, i. 85 

Passports, i. 29, 31, 218, 231, 260 

Paston, Sir Robert (Earl of Yarmouth), 
i. 313, 318, 395, 413 

Patriarchs, Eastern, subscriptions to our 
Confessions, i. 370 

Patrick, Dr. Simon, Dean of Peter- 
borough, ii. 245 ; Bishop of Ely, 312, 
382 ; sermons of, 36, 44. 258 

, Rev. Father, letter of Mr. 

Evelyn to, on the Eucharist, iii. 231 
Pau, Mons., Ambassador, iii. 38 
Paul, St., his bm-ial place, i. 123 ; relics 



of, 136, 143 ; port of, 165 ; efiBgy of, 
Paul III., Pope, statue of, i. 124 ; shrine 

of, 1 70 
Paul V^ Pope, chapel of, i. 1 1 3 ; fountain 

of, 145 
Paul, Chevalier, i. 268 
Paule, Mr., agent of the Elector Palatine 

iu France, i. 255 
Paullo, Jul., bust of, i. 210 
Pausil^'pus, &c.,oear Naples, i. 154 
Pawls, Mods., iv. 242, 339 
Pawlett, Juhu, Marquis of Winchester, 

iv. 84 
Peace with Holland, proclaimed, ii. 28 
Peake, Sir John, Lord Major (1687), 

ii. 269 

Pearls, notices of large ones, i. 93, 169 u 

Pearson, Dr. Juhn, Bisliop of Chester, 

ii. 81, 97 n ; his " Biblia PolyglotU," 

i. 283 ; alluded to, 308, 352 

Peat, or Turf, use of, proposed (1667), 

ii. 25, 26 
Peckham, Sir Henry, feast at the 

Temple, ii. 43 
Peckham, Sir T. Bond's house at, ii. 

107, 159 
Peiresk, Nicolaus Claudius Fabricius, 

Lord of, iii. 85 
Pelicans, account of, i. 21, 389 
Pellisson, his " History of tlie French 

Academy," ii. 24 n 
Pemberton, Lord Chief Justice, ii. 

133 n, 187 
Pembroke, Philip Herbert, Earl of, 
Governor of tlie Isle of Wiglit, iv. 
109 n; fattier of the Comitess of 
Caernarvon, 1 15 n ; Commissioner at 
Kewport, 185 n ; iii. 29 ; seat neai- 
Aldennaston, i. 289 ; seat at Wilton, 
294; fire at, ii 374; (1696), Lord 
Privy Seal, 342 ; subscription to 
Greenwich Hospital, 344 ; alluded to, 
i. 2^1,390; iii. 197 
Penitents, procession of, on Good Fri- 
day, i. 176 
Pemi, Sir William, impeached, ii. 33; 
notice of, 380 ; blasphemous book by 
his son, 38 

, Admiral William, i, 306 ; iv. 

267 n 
Pennant, Tlioroas, his " Journey to tlie 

liile of Wight" cited, iv. 131 n 
Pennin.ton, Sir John, iv. 242 n ; his 
voyage to Ireland stopped, 62 n 

, Isaac, iv. 62 

Penshurst, brief notice of, i. 282 

Pepper, Guinea, iii. 206 ; Jamaica, 259 
Pepys, Samuel, Secretary to the Admi- 
ralty, cut for the stone, ii. 39 ; Clerk 
of tlie Acts, 55 ; twice Master of the 
Trinity House, 106, 230 ; committed 
to the Tower, 129, 130 ; accused of 
being a Papist, and of treachery 
(1684) l'2'.> u ; possessed Dean's 
" Art of Shipbuilding," 164 ; accom. 
panics the King to Portsmouth (1685), 
232 ; impostures of the Saludadors 
confessed to, ib ; his conversation with 
James II. respecting Charles 11. being 
a Catliolic, inc., 237—239 ; iii. 279 ; 
portrait of Mr. Evelyn painted for, 
ii. 299 ; iii. 294 ; his remonstrance 
against suspicions of him, ii. 306 ; 
sent to the Gatehouse, 308 ; enlarged, 
309 ; his house at Clapliaiii, 362, 370 ; 
his death and character, 370, 371 ; 
his library, 371 ; iii. 304 ; allusions to 
him, ii. 92, 107, 288, 304, 310 ; iii. 
383 ; letters of Mr. Evelvn to, ii. 
37 n; iii. 175, 178, 180, 260, 267, 
276, 279, 294, 313 ; letters of Pepys 
to Mr. Evelyn, ii. 236 ; iii. 279, 312 ; 
(on his escape from shipwreck, 266) ; 
his " Diary and Memoirs" referred 
to, i. 394 n. See Evelyn. 
Percy, Henry, Lord, Chamberlain to 
Charles II., iv. 296,298 

Henry (brother to Earl of 

Northumberland), ii. 148; proceedings 

in Parliament concerning (1641), iv. 

56, 58 n, 59, 106 
, Lord, iii. 106, 107; Lady Eliza- 
beth, ii. 374 n 
Perelle, engraver, i. 256 
"Perfect Passages" (1652), a journal 

cited, iv. 240 n, 256 n, 257 n 
Perfumes, &c., Moutpelier famous for, 

iii. 84 
Perfuming rooms, singular method of, in 

Gemiany, i. 31 1 
Perigueux, city of, account of, i. 82 
Perihhot, Mons., collection of, i. 56 
Perkins, Sir William, executed, ii. 340 ; 

absolved at Tyburn, 341 
Pernee, notice of, i. 274 
Perpetual motion, ii. 34 
Perrier, Francis, his book of " Antique 

StatucH," i. 259 
Persej>olis, ruins of, ii. 145 
Persian habit, i. 192 ; adopted at Court 

(1666), ii. 17, 18 
Perspectives, remarks on, by Honorati 

Fabri, iii. 207 



Perugino, Pietro, paintings by, i. 93, 105, 

172, 184 
Peruzzi, Baldassare (called Baldassare 

da Sienna), i. 135 
Peter, St., his burial-place, i. 123, 142 ; 

relics of, 123, 136 
Peter the Great occupied Mr. Evelyn's 

house, Introduction, i. xxv. ; ii. 349, 
Peterborougli, notice of, i. 302 
, Henry Mordaunt, Earl 

of, i. 345 n, 358 ; ii. 211, 319 ; sale 

of lands to pay debts (1676), 109, 

110 ; marriage of liis daughter, 110 
Countess of, iii. 39 

house at Ryegate, i. 308 ; alluded to, 

319, 327, 358 
Peterhouse, Cambridge, i. 304 
Peters, Hugh, a rebel,!. 248; iv. 294 ; 

executed, i. 341 
Petit, Mons., of Rome, i. 101 

, Old, paintings of, i. 248 

Petitot, John, enamel by, i. 342 

" Petra Glossa," found at Sheerness, ii. 

Petrarch, Francisco, MS. of, i. 140 
Petre, Lord, committed for Popish plot, 

ii. 129 
Petrifactions,!. 214 
Petrified human body, i. 110, 178 
Petrifying spring, i. 73 
Pett, Phineas, his skill in ship building, 

i. 17, 375 ; built the first frigate, ii. 

304 ; epitaph at Deptford, i, 375 n 
Petty, Dr., his Glottical College, iii. 131 
, Sir William, improvements of 

shipping, i. 358 ; ship with two keels, 

378, 387 ; map of Ireland, ii. 96 ; his 

character, 95 — 97 ; account of, i. 417 
Peyton, Sir Thomas, i. 260 
Phidias and Praxiteles, horses of, L 110 
Philip IV., King of Spain, rumour of his 

death, iv. 251 
Phillipp and Montgomery, this title first 

used, iii. 47 
Phillips, Father, iv. 75 n, 204 n ; refuses 

to be sworn on English Bible, 109 n ; 

Queen Henrietta intercedes for him, 

, Edward, preceptor of Mr. 

Evelyn's son, i. 377, 390 ; iii. 196 ; 

preferred by his recommendation, ii. 

115 ; " Lives of John and Edward," 

by Mr. Godwin, i. 377 n 

-, Mrs. Catherine, her tragedy of 

"Horace," ii. 32, 38,381 ; iii.296;iv.9 
Philosophic Society. See Gresham Col- 
lege, Royal Society 

Philosophers' Elixir, projection of, IL 

Philosophy, discoveries in, by Mr. 

Boyle, iii. 348 
Phipps, Sir William, governor of New 

England, ii. 322 n 
Phlegraean Fields, i. 156 
Phosphorus, various kinds of, i. 193 
Physicians, College of, i. 369 ; ii. 173 
Piacentino, Giulio, painting by, i. 167 
Piazza, Navona, i. 168, 182; of St 

Mark, at Venice, 198; of St. Anthony, 

at Padua, 206 ; at Brescia, 223 ; at 

Milan, 225 ; at Leghorn, 90 ; Piazza 

Judea, at Home, 136 
Picardy, the Regiment of (1650), L 262 
Piccadilly paved (1662), i. 365 
Pichiui, Signer, his collection, i. 103 
Pictures, numerous at Hotterdam Fair, 

i 20 ; auction of, at Whitehall, iL 325 
Pierce, Edward, paintings by, i. 294 ; 

notice of, 411 
, Dr., President of Magdalen 

College, i. 317, 376 ; letters respecting 

Cressj 's reply to his sermon, &c., 376 ; 

iii. 139, 141 ; sermons at Whitehall, 

ii. 118, 128 
Pierpoint, Evelyn, his marriage, ii. 266, 


-, a Commissioner at Newport 

(1648), iv. 185 n 
Pierrepoint, Mrs., married to Mr. Cheny, 
ii. 303, 320 

Hon. William, his wife. 

Lady Pierrepoint, daughter of Sir 
John Evelyn, L 251 ; ii. 266, 388 ; 
her death, 351 

-, Mr., house at Nottingham, 

i. 299 ; near Pontefract, 300 
Piers, Dr. William, Bishop of Bath and 

Wells, iv. 92 n 
Pietra Commessa (inlaid marble), L 94, 

97, 118, 123, 124, 143, 181, 186, 

188, 207, 303; artists in, at Florence, 

Pietramala, a burning mountain, i. 191 
Pietro, Siguor, his Memoirs, iii. 211,212 
, Signor, musician, ii. 148, 213, 


Pilgrims, lodging of, in Rome, L 167 
Pine, Queen, from Barbadoes, i. 353 ; 

King, ii. 34 
Pintado, room hung with, i. 399 
Piqudello (Piccadilly), paving of (1662), 

i. 365 
Pisa, city of, account of, i. 89, 1 85 
Pisano, Pietro, paintings by, i. 127 



Piscina Mirabile, account of the, i. 160 
Piamire, memory of, iii. 89 
Piatoja, notice of, i. 186 
Piten, a Jesuit, ii. 284 
Pitti, Palace of, at Florence, i. 92 
Place, Mr., bookseller, letter of Mr. 
Evelyn to, iiu 360 

Plaet, dangerous passage of the, i. 30 

Plague, in Loudon, &c., ravages of, 
L 5, 9, 37 ; iv. 88, 90 ; (1665), i. 396 
— 399; ii. 1—3, 8, 9, 16 ; iii. 165 ; 
facts in consequence of, i. 396 

Plantations, Foreign Council for, ap- 
pointed (1671), iL 55, 57, 58 ; pro- 
ceedings of, 58—6-2, 68, 69, 73, 77, 78, 
81, 85, 88, 89 ; constituted a Council 
of Trade also, 78, 80, 93 

Plantine, Cliristopher, shop of, i. 83 

Plants, &c., Spanish, iii. 205 

Plaster used for floors, i. 85 

Platts, Sir Hugh, Treatise of Metals, 
iii. 365 

Plays and Theatres, at Rome, i.l74, 1 77 ; 
atVenice, 204; in Milan, 229; in Paris, 
265; in England, I 369—373; ii. 34 

Plessis Du, house of the French King, 
i. 72 

Plessis, Mons. Du, riding-school of, i. 66 

Pliny, references to,i. 88, 100, 108, 169 ; 
death of, 154 ; statue of E. M. Pliny, 

Plot, Dr. Robert, account of, ii. 384; his 
natural curiosities, 99 ; his projected 
*♦ History of Staffordshire," itt; secre- 
tary of Royal Society, ii. 161 ; 
applied to Mr. Evelyn for an account 
of himself forWood's " Athen. Oxon." 
iiL 264, 321 ; letter of Mr. Evelyn to, 
iii. 335 ; letter of, in answer, 337 ; 
" History of Oxfordshire " cited, i. 
382 n 

Plots, references to various, ir. 92, 98, 
106, 125, 129 

Plume, Mr., sermon of, ii. 17 

Pluto, Temple of, i. 159 

Plymouth, breakwater at, i. 87 n 

Plymouth, Charies Fitz-Charles, Earl of, 
ii. 135 

Po, river, notice of the, i. 195 

Pocock's " Century of Arabic Proverbs," 
iii. 104 

Poggio Imperiale, at Florence, i. 186 

Poignant, Mons., at Paris, bis collection, 
i. 266 

Poland, incursion of the Swedes into, 
310 ; ir. 220->223, 804 

Poland, King of. Embassy to Charles II., !• 

340 ; raises the siege of Vienna, ii. 186 

Poleman's " Novum Lumen Medicum," 

iii. 131 
Polemburg, Cornelius, paintings of, L 56 
" Political Discourses," &c., by Mr. 

Evelyn, ii. 394 
Pollaivola, Antonio, sculpture by, I 121 
Pollard, Sir Hugh, i. 370 ; iv. 154 ; 

death of, ii. 19, 86 
Poll Tax, i. 341 ; ii. 298 
Polydore, paintings by, i. 282, 369 
Polythore, a musical instrument, i. 354 
Pomegranate, a hardy tree, iii. 206 
Povdage, Mr., his excellent voice, ii. 203 
Pomfret, Mr., his " Life of tlie Countess 

of Devonshire," i. 366 n 
Pons Milvius, i. 174 
Pont Neuf, at Paris, i. 44, 258, 259 
Pont St. Anne, Paris, i. 45 
Pont St. Esprit, at Valence, i. 79 
Pontanus, Job. Jov., chapel of, i. 151 
Pontaq. or Pontac, Mons., account of, 

ii. 180, 326, 387 
Ponte, Francisco da (the elder Bassano), 
paintings by, i. 56, 109, 163 ; ii. 128 

, Giacomo da (11 Bassano), paint- 

ings by, i, 164, 202 ; ii. ,S25, 341 
Ponte Sisto, sermon at, i. 136 
Pontefract Castle, i. 300 ; siege of (1648), 

iii. 15, 27, 39,42,43 ; iv. 283 n 
Pontius Pilate, Palace of, i. 78 
Pontoise, in Normandy, i. 69 
Pontormo, or Pontomo, paintings of, i. 

93, 189 
Pope, Palaces of, Monte Cavallo, i. Ill, 
134 ; Vatican, 127, 137—142 ; Chapel 
in the Vatican, 139 ; Armoury of, 
141 ; procession to St. John de 
Lateran, 107, 130—132 ; his alms, 
140; his tribute from Naples, 161; 
procession on the Annunciation, 172 ; 
on Lady Day, &c., 175 ; various cere- 
monies of the, 175 — 178 
Pope, Walter, verses by, ii. 95 n. 
Popery, Charles I. suspected of encou- 
raging, iv. 71, 72, 161 
Popham, Colonel, iiL 46 ; house of, i. 

Porcelain, chimes of, i. 24 
Porcupine, description of one, i. 330 
Pordenone, Giovanni Antonio Licinio, 

paintings of, i. 188 
Porphyry, statue in, i. 91 
Porta, Baccio della (called Fr4 Barto- 
lomeo di San Marco), paiuting by, 
i. 187 



Porta, Giacomo della, works of, i. 107, 

Porter, Endymion, i. 250 
Portland, Doi-setshire, earthquake at ii. 

Portland, Jerome Weston, Earl of, iv. 

69, 109 n, 130, 145 
, Richard Weston, Earl of. 

Lord Treasurer, ii. 67, 345 n ; iv. 

332 and n 
Portman, Sir William, Duke of Mon- 
mouth taken by, ii. 226 
Portmore, David CoUyer, Earl of, ii. 

120 n, 248, 385 
Portraits, collected by Lord Clarendon, 

ii. 36 ; iii. 295, 301 
Portsmouth, siege of (1642), i. 38 ; 

James II 's visit to (1685), ii. 232 

Portsmouth, Duchess of (Mile. Q,ue- 

rouaille), account of, ii. 53 and n ; 

her apartments at Whitehall, 102, 

187 ; Morocco Ambassador enter- 
tained there, 162, 163 ; visited in 

her dressing-room by the King, 187 ; 

her apartments burnt, 311 ; alluded 

to, ii. 63, 98,206,210 
Portugal, King of, Joam IV. (1644), iv. 

136 ; Alphouao VI. (1683), death of, 

ii. 189 
Portugal, earthquake in (1699), ii. 356 
Portugallo, Areo, in Rome, i. 168 
Portuguese Ambassador (1661), i. 353 ; 

entry into London (1679), ii. 129 
Portus Herculis, i. 82 ; Julius, 158 
Postage of Letters, curious particulars 

of, iv. 239 and n, 258 n 
Positive, Sir (Sir Robert Howard), ii. 

211, 387 
Pott, Sir George, his son, i. 332 
Potts, John, a Commissioner at Newport, 

iv. 185 n 
Povey, Mr., his house in Lincoln's-inn- 

fields, i. 380 ; near Brentford, ii. 8 ; 

alluded to, i. 372 ; ii. 32, 104 ; notice 

of, ii. 377 
Poule, Henry, manager against Viscount 

Stafford, ii. 151, 152 
Poussin, Nicholas, i. 55, 183, 259 ; ii. 

Powell, Sir John, Justice of the King's 

Bench, displaced, ii. 276 ; subscription 

to Greenwich Hospital, 345 n 
. , Capt , i. 205; present to Mr. 

Evelyn, 212, 314 
" Power, Esoays on the Balance of," 

ii. 364 n 

Powis, Mr. Baron, subscription to 
Greenwich Hospital, ii. 345 n 

Pover, Colonel, his loyalty and death, 
iii. 8 n, 12 n, 37, 48 

Pozzo, account of his collection, i. 129 

Pozzuolo, i. 157— 159, 161 

Pratoline, villa of Duke of Florence, i. 

Pratt, Mr., Architect, i. 308 ; a com- 
missioner for repair of Old St. Paul's, 
ii. 9 ; built Lord AUington's at Horse- 
heath, 48 ; Clarendon House, iii. 
177 n 

Pi-ayer, Common, disused in the 
English churches, i. 250 ; prohibited, 
306 ; restricted allowance of, 308 ; 
used again in England, 339 ; ii. 45 ; 
Reformation of and order for, i. 366 

Praxiteles, sculptures by, i. 209 

Prerogative Office, writing of Mr. Hoare 
at, i. 252 

Presbyterians in Holland, notice of, i. 
22 ; of Scotland, character of, ii. 306 ; 
disliked by Charles II., iv. 195 

Pressing to death inflicted, i. 282 

Preston, Lord, ii. 266 ; Secretary of 
State, 283 ; tried and condemned, 
311 ; released, 313 

Preston Beckhelvyn, manor of, 1. 247, 

Pret\ man. Sir John, house at Dryfield, 
i. 295 

, Mr., uncle of Mrs. Evelyn, L 

246, 249, 290, 295, 307 ; ii. 255 ; iv. 

Price, Sir Herbert, i 349 

, Dr. John, " History and Mystery 

of Charles II's Restoration," i. 425 n 

Prideaux, Dr. Humphrey, ii. 87, 384 ; 
editor of " Marmora Oxoniensia," 

, Dr. John, iv. 72 ;made Bishop 

of Worcester, 82 n 
Pride's Purge, iv. 185 n 
Priestman, Air., subscription to Green- 
wich Hospital, ii. 344 
Primaticcio, Francisco, paintings by, L 

Prince of 90 guns, i. 395 ; ii. 75 
Priuce Frigate, burned, ii. 6, 7 
Printing House, the King's, at Paris, i. 

Printing-types procured by Sir Henry 

Savill lor his " Chrysostom," iiL 

Prints, collection of, recommended, iii. 




Pritchard, Dr. John, Bishop of Glou- 
cester, sermon of, ii. 104 
Privateer of Charles II. (1649), i. 252 
Privy Council, various proceedings of, 
and notices relating to the (1641), iv. 
77, 80, 87—89, 103, 106, 1 1 1, 127 ; at 
Oxford, 143, 144, 150 ; improvement 
of, recommended to Charles II., 192 ; 
adopted, 194 
Privy Seal, commission for executing 
theoSi^-e of (1685), ii. 247 ; proceed- 
ings of (1G86-7), 247—256, 261, 
Prizes, Royal, taken by Cruizers of 

Charles II., iv. 259—292 

Procession, of the Pope to St. John de 

Lateran, i. 98, 130 ; of the Conser- 

vatori, 136 ; of the Zitelle, 136, 175 ; 

of the Viceroy of Naples, 152 ; of 

tlie Pope on the Annunciation, 172 ; 

of ditto in Lent, 175 ; of Penitents at 

Rome on Good Friday, 176 ; of Lewis 

XIV. to Parliament, 268 ; funeral of 

Ireton, 275 ; of Cromwell, 330 ; 

Coronation, &c. of Chai'les 11., 347 — 

350 ; aquatic procession in lionour of 

Catherine, Queen of Cliarles XL, 367 

Proger, Mr., notice of, iv. 122 n 

Prophecies, interpretations of,ii. 297, 307 

Prosdocimus, St., Bishop of Padua, i. 207 

Protestant French Chui'ch at Charen- 

ton, i. 57 
Protestants of France, i. 239, 270 ; per- 
secution of. See Huguenots, Savoy, 
Vaudois, Waldenses. 
Prouse, Mr. a mad Fellow of Baliol 

College, L 10 
Proverb on the women of Venice, i. 203 
Proverbs, beautiful MS. of the, i. 291 
Prujean, Sir Francis, account of, i. 354 
Pryce, Sir John, Governor of Mont- 
gomery Catttle, iv. 145 
Pryune, Wdliam, review of Dr. Cosins' 
"Offices," i. 270; speech on evil coun- 
sellors, iv. 120 n 
Puckering, Sir Hen., his seat at War- 
wick, i. 297 
Pule, Mr., his fine voice, ii. 349 
Pulestoi), Judge, iv. 284 n 
Pulsone, Scipione (called Gaetano), 

paintings by, i. 128 
Pulleney, Sir William, ii. 39, 303, 381 
Punteus, Jo., mountebank, i. 353 
Purford, Mr. Denzil Onslow's house 

at, iL 158 
Purgatory, gates of, i. 157 
PuteoU (Pozzolo), L 157—169, 161 

Putney, schools at, i. 250 ; drawings 
about by Mr. Evelyn, 251 ; etchings 
of, ii, 396 

Putti (boys' heads), paintings of, i. 248, 
253, 259 

Pye, Sir Walter, i. 251 ; seat of, 293 

, Sir Robert, iv. 86 

Pym, John, iv. 75 — 78 n, 108 n; op- 
poses the removal of Parliament from 
London, 90 ; plot against, 126 ; cha- 
racter of, by Clarendon, 126 a 

Quakers, the new sect of, i. 315 
Queen Mother, Maria de Medicis, 

Dowager of France, satirical ballad 

on, iv. 57 ; her Itaviug England, 57, 

61, 62, 67 ; referred to, 161 
Queensberry, Duke of, ii. 221 
Quercei, Jacopo, sculpture by, i. 96 
Querico, St., notice of, i. 98 
Querouaille, Mans., and his lady, ii. 98. 

See Portsmouth 
Question given in the Chatelet at Paris, 

(1650), i. 264,265 
Quine, James, letters, iii. 338, 344 
Quinquina, brought into use by Mr. 

Tudor, ii. 332 
Quintin Matsys, the Blacksmith, a 

painting by, i. 249 
Quintinye's " Treatise on Orange Trees," 

translated by Mi'. Evelyn, ii 396, iii. 

332, 337 
Quinze- Vingts, Hospital of the, at Pai-is, 

i. 49 

Radimere, Admiral, his deatli, ii. 76 
Racing at Rome, i. 1 74 
RadclifiFe, Sir George, i. 254, 255 
Radicofani, notice ol, i. 98, 184 
Raffaelle (Raffaelle Sanzio, di Urbino), 

paintings by, i. 56, 58, 59, 93, 97, 

106, 133, 134, 137, 163—189, 193, 

222, 225, 259, 352, 364 ; il 109, 175; 

architecture of, i. 190 ; bis burial 

place, 170 
Ragny, Mr., iv. 346 
Rainbow, Dr., sermon by, i. 342 
Rains remarkable, i. 248, 321, 360 
Rainsborough, Colonel, sent against 

Pontefract Ca-.tle, iv. 28 1 n ; killed, ib, 

Rainsford, , trial alluded to, iv. 169 

Raleigh, Mr. Carew, son of Sir Walter, 

i. 329 
, Sir Walter, i. 285 ; his cordial, 

369 ; portrait, iii. 297, 301 
Rand, Dr., notice of, i. 8, 319 
Randolfe, letters of, iii. 380 



Ranelagli, Earl of, his subscription to 
Greenwich Hospital, ii. 344 n 

■ ■, Lady, ii. 307 ; her death, 

317, iii. 352 

Rapinus, Renatus, translation of his 
book on Gardens, ii. 81 n 

Rasp-house at Antwerp, i. 23 

Ratcliffe, Sir George, iv. 302 n 

, Mr., i. 263 

Rattle-snakes of Virginia, i. 322 

Raven, a white one, i. 330 

Ravensbourn Mills, Deptford, ii. 33 

Ray, Dr., his book on Fishes, ii. 250 ; 
noticed, 387 

, Mr. (Rea), on the culture of 

flowers, ii- 393 

Reading, Sir Robert, ii. 120, 192 

" Reason in Brute Animals," by Mr. 
Evelyn, ii. 392 

Rebellion, breaking out of the Irish, i. 38 

Reccij, Andrea, mezzo-relievo by, i. 206 

Recusants, Parliament orders the dis- 
arming of, &c. (1641), iv. 52 n, 60, 
109, 119, 126, 334 n 

Red Lion inn, at Guildford, i. 286 

Reeves, Dr., sermon by, i 361 

, famous for persiJective, L 278 

Regalia of the Pope, i. 1 39 

Regency, debate respecting (1689),ii.290 

Reggio, Sign. Pietro, musician, ii, 198 

" Rehearsal," by Duke of Buckingham, 
ii. 67 

"Religion, History of the True," by 
Mr. Evelyn, ii. 394 

Remonstrance of the House of Com- 
mons (1641), proceedings upon, iv. 
117, 119, 125, 130, 133 

Rencia, Anna, singer, i. 205, 216 

Rennes, Parliament of, arrests a servant 
of Charles II. (1659), iv. 322 

Retz, John Francis Paul de Gondi, 
Cardinal de, intrigues of, iv. 319 n 

Revels in the Middle Temple (1642), 
i. 38 ; (1667), ii. 32 ; Inner Temple 
(1697), 348 ; at Lincoln's Inn (1661), 
i, 359; at Court (1661), ib ; (1668), 
ii. 32 

Revenue, Royal, examined by the Par- 
liament (1641), iv. 74 

Review, of the Gens d'Arraes at Paris, 
i. 66 ; in Hyde Park (1663), 374 

Revolution of 1688, distracted Councils 
at, ii. 287 

Reynaldo, Prince, ii. 89 

Reynolds, Dr. Edward, Bishop of Nor- 
wich, sermon by, i. 322 j his conse- 
cration, 344 

Reynolds, Colonel, iii. 52 

Rheni, Guido, paintings by, i. 109, 128, 

143, 173, 193,282 

, Caval. Giuseppe, i. 113, 125 

Rheymes, Col. BuUein, i. 385, ii. 76 
Rhinoceros, the first in England, ii. 1 99 
«' Rhodes, Siege of," an opera, i. 359 
Rhodomante, Sign. Paulo, of Venice, 

i. 196 
Rialto, at Venice, i. 197 
Rich, Sir Robert, subscription to Green- 
wich Hospital, ii. 344 
, Mr., feast at Lincoln's Inn, i. 


, Earl of Warwick, iii. 1 5 

, Sir Edward, iii. 251 

, a rebel, i. 313 

Richard, St., an English King, epitaph 

at Lucca, i. 185 
Richard III., King of England, tomb of, 

i. 298 
Richards, Mr., iv. 260, 290, 292, 295 
Richardson, Sir Thomas, Chief Justice, 

i. 7 n 

, Rev. Richard, letter, iiu 


-, fire-eater, feats of, ii. 79 

Richelieu, town of, i. 74 

Richelieu, Armand du Plessis, Cardinal 
Due de, his villa at Ruell, i. 53 ; at 
Richelieu, 75 ; Palais Cardinal, 254; 
prophecy respecting the Stuarts, iv. 
312 ; his life noticed, 312, 315 ; al- 
luded to, 1 75 n 

Richett, Mr., engraver, i. 284 

Richmond, James Stuart, Duke of, 
funeral (1641), i. 15 

, James Stuart, Duke of 

Lennox and Duke of (1641), his 
character, iv. 69 n ; noticed, 50 n, 
80, 87—92, 113, 114, 124, 129, 135, 

,Charles Stuart, Duke of (1663), 

i. 374, ii. 91 ; dies ambassador to 
Denmark, 91 n, 102 

, Duchess of, iv. 33 

- , Duke of, natural son of Charles 

II., ii, 162, 195, 199 
— , Countess of, mother to Henry 

VII., i. 303 
Riding schools at Paris, L 66, 256 
Rilie, Sir Hugh, i. 255 
Ringingborough, Colonel, iv. 180 
Rings, inflammable, i. 182 
Roane, notice of, i. 77, 243 
Roberts, Dr. William, Bishop of Bangor, 

iv. 99 and a 



Robin Hood's "Well, i. 300 

Kobiii8on,Sir John, i. 314, 373; pageant 
of, 370 n 

Roche Corb^, Castle at, i. 73 

Roches, of Poictiers, Catherine de, iii. 245 

Rochester, John Wilmot, Earl of, a 
prophane wit, ii. 53 

, Laurence Hyde, Earl of, 
Commissioner of the treasury, ii. 1 38 ; 
a favourite at Court, 169 ; made Earl, 
1 70 ; his daughter married, t6 ; Presi- 
dent of the Council, 199 ; alluded to, 
204 ; Lord Treasurer, 211; his oppo- 
sition to William and Mary, 293 ; 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 363 

-, Countess of (1664—1686), i. 

383 ; ii. 217,255 
Rochester, City of, bequests to the, i, 
386 n 

, Deanery of, vacated (1641), 

iv. 83 
Rogers, Dr., Consul in Padua University, 
L 211 ; account of, ii 169; Harveian 
oration of, ib 
Rohan, Mademoiselle de, iv. 339 n 
Rokeby, Mr. Justice, subscription to 

Greenwich Hospital, ii. 345 n 
Rolsies, notice of the, i. 82 
lioman Catholics (1678), banished, iii. 
251 ; machinations of (1686-7), ii. 
253, 261, 263 
Roman Medals found near Bansted, i. 329 
Roman Money, observations on, i. 182 
Roman Painting at Cardinal Borghese's, 

i. 133 
Roman Temple at Leicester, i. 298 
Romano, Julio, paintings by, i. 139, 282; 
u. 341 

, Paris, i. 1 1 3 

Roma Soterrdnea, account of, i. 176 
Roma Triumphans,at Tivoli, i. 181 
Rome, description of, and events in, 
(1644-5), i. 101—146,163—183,228; 
Famese Palace, 102, 143 ; temples of 
Peace, Jupiter, Romulus, Faustina, 
103; arch of S. Severus, the Capitol, 
104—106 ; AraCoBli, 106; Barberiui 
Palace, 107 ; Jesuits' Church, il> ; 
Medici Palace and Gardens, 108, 133; 
Chiesa Nova, 108, 132,136; Prince 
Ludovisio's villa, 109 ; Signer An^e- 
loni'sstu'ly, 110, 163 ; Monte Ca vail o, 
and the Pope's Summer Palace, 1 1 0, 
134 ; Dioclt-sian's baths, Foiitanadelle 
Therme, and Church of St. Susanna, 
111; CImrch of Maria delta Vittoria, 
and Moat Alto's Villa, 112; Churches 

of SS. Agnes and Constanza, ib ; Via 
Felix, t6 ; St. Maria Maguiore, 113, 
114; St. Prudentia, and Praxedeis, 

114 ; arch of Titus, 115 ; Sta. Maria 
Nova and Amphitheatre of Vespasian, 

115 ; arch of Constantine, 116 ; St. 
Gregorioand Villa Borghesi, 117, 118, 
133, 178; St. Peter's and Obelisk 
dedicated to Julius Csesar, 118 — 124 ; 
Crypt of St. Peter's, 1 35 ; Baptistery 
of 6t. John, 124 ; Scala Saucta and 
Obelisk, 125 ; St. John de Lateran, 
124 — 128; collection of Cavali6ro 
Pozzo, 129 ; St. Pietro in vincolis,!* ; 
procession of the Pope to St. John de 
Lateran, 130; fireworks, 131 ; Jesuits' 
College, 132 ; collection of H. 
Vitellesco.ti; Ghisi Palace, 134, 163; 
St. Mary's, 135; ceremonies on 
Christmas Eve, ib ; Zitelle, Ghetto, 
and ceremony of Circumcision, 136 ; 
the Vatican, 11 8, 137— 142; St. Paul's, 
142 ; Trie Fontana, 143 ; St. Cecilia's, 

163 ; Temples and Mons Testaceus, 

164 ; St. Maria in Navicula, Horti 
Mathsei, 1C5 ; St Sebastian's, 166; 
Hospital of Pellerini della S. Trinita, 
167 ; Palace of Cardinal Spada, ib ; 
Piazza Navona, 168 ; Church of the 
Capuchins, ib ; Pantheon, 1G9 ; 
Monasteries, 1 70 ; Mausoleum August!, 
171 ; St. Andrea della Valle, ib ; 
Trajan's Column, 172 ; St. Cross, of 
Jerusalem, 172; St. Lawrence, 173; 
Carnival, 174; Pope's portions to 
the Zitelle, 136, 175; Roma Sub- 
terranea, 176 ; Opera by Prince 
Gallicano, 177 ; Frascati, 179 ; Cas- 
cade of the Anio, 181 ; Roman coins 
and medals, 182 ; extent of Rome, 
183 ; drawings made between Rome 
and Naples by Mr. Evelyn, ii. 396 

Romney, Lord, his offices, ii. 338, 363 ; 
subscription to Greenwich Hospital, 
344 n 

Ronquillo, Don Pietro, visit of Mr. 
Evelyn to, ii. 155 

Ronsard, Pierre de, his burial place, i. 73 

Rooke, Admiral Sir George, squadron 
of, ii. 340 ; Spanish galleon taken by, 
369 ; subscription to Greenwich Hos- 
pital, 344 n 

, Laurence, pendulum invented 

by, ii. 9 ; account of, 378 
Rookwood,at Low Layton, Essex, i. 332 
Rookwood, Sir T., ii. 64 
Rose, Mr. (King Charles's gardener), 



painting of, i. 353 n ; his " English 
Vineyard Vindicated," ii. 395 

Roses, instances of dislilieto, ii. 47 

-, essence and oils of, iii. 110 

Ross, tutor to Duke of Monmouth, iL 
229 n 

Rosse, Lord, divorce of, ii. 45 

, Alexander, divine and poet, i. 

252, 284 ; notice of, 406 ; letters to 
Mr. Evelyn, iii. 56, 57 

Rosso (old), gallery painted by, i. 59 

Rothem, Sir J., iii. 377 

Rothenhamer, painting by, i. 249 

Rotheram, Sir John, Serjeant, ii. 322, 
327, 341