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Full text of "Diary kept by Capt. Lawrence Hammond"

With the Compliments 




i^^*^^ 




^^^^co 



DIARY 



KEPT BY 



CAPT. LAWRENCE HAMMOND, 



OF CHARLESTOWN, MASS. 



1677-1694. 



SJEiHj Notes anti an Entrotmction, 



By SAMUEL A. GREEN. AID. 



^$> OF WASHINOlS^" '^ 



DIARY 



KEPT BY 



CAPT. LAWRENCE HAMMOND, 

n 
OF CHARLESTOWN, MASS. 

1677-1694. 



W.it\) Wotfs anti an Introtiucti'an, 
By SAMUEL A. GREEN, M.D. 



^y OF WASHINGTON- 



CAMBRIDGE: 

JOHN WILSON AND SON. 

^EntijErsttg ^;3rtss. 

1892. 



DIARY OF LAWRENCE HAMMOND. 



At a meeting of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, held in Boston, on January 14, 1892, Dr. 
Samuel A. Green, in presenting a copy of an old 
journal, made the following remarks : — 

Among the manuscript volumes belonging to the Historical 
Society is a diary of Lawrence Hammond, of Cbarlestown, 
kept two hundred years ago, which was given on March 11, 
1858, by Miss EUzabeth Belknap, together with other books 
and manuscripts once owned by her father, the Rev. Dr. 
Jeremy Belknap. The journal consists of forty-three closely 
written pages, — though not always in regular sequence as to 
dates, — besides some blank ones, and was unbound when it 
came into the possession of the Society. It has since been 
bound, however ; and in the copy now presented for the Pro- 
ceedings nothing is omitted, with the exception of a few pages 
on ancient history and King Henry VHI., though no attempt 
has been made to arrange the entries in chronological oider. 
A minute scrutiny of tlie folds of the paper comprising the 
volume seems to show that once, before it came here, there 
were more leaves in the book than there are now, and perhaps 
in tearing off the missing portion, presumably for the most 
part blank, in order to use the paper, some of the writing 
was lost. 

At different periods this diary has been consulted by several 
historians, who refer to it in their pages. Thomas Prince, in 
the Preface to his Annals (page vii), mentions it as "An 
Oi-iginal Journal of the late Capt. Lawrence Hammo7id of 
Charlestoivn and Boston^ from 1677 to 1694, inclusively " ; and 
in a note written by him on a letter from Thomas Hinckley 
to Isaac Foster, he refers to certain entries in the journal not 
now found there. (See Collections, 4tli series, V. 13.) Dr. 
Jeremy Belknajj, in his History of New Hampshire (I. 151, 



note), speaks of it as " a MS journal found in Prince's collec- 
tion, and supposed to have been written by Captain Lawrence 
Hammond of Charlestown " ; and uses it as authority for 
certain statements relative to an attack near Dover by the 
Mohawk Indians (I. 153), as well as for statements relative to 
tlie appointment of a commission to make a treaty of peace 
with the Indians {I. 158), — whereas neither of these events 
is even alluded to in the manuscript volume. This com- 
parison shows that in Prince's day the journal extended over 
the same period of time as it covers now ; and, furthermore, 
that then, as well as in Dr. Belknap's day, it contained more 
entries than it has now. These differences may be explained, 
perhaps, by the absence of leaves in certain folds of the book 
that I have already noted. All the missing entries occur 
within a period of less than thirteen months, and probably 
filled only a few pages of the diary. From these omissions 
our late associate, Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., was led to infer 
that once there were two separate and distinct journals kept 
by the writer. See his paper in the Proceedings XIII. (314) 
of this Society, which was presented at the meeting held on 
June 11, 1874. 

Captain Hammond was made a freeman of the Colony on 
May 23, 1666, and for several years was chosen a De]3uty to 
the General Court from Charlestown. In 1686 and several 
following years he was the Recorder of Middlesex County, 
whose duties corresponded very nearly to those of the present 
Registers of Deeds and Probate combined. He took an active 
interest in military matters, and was a Lieutenant and the 
Captain of a foot company in Charlestown. His death took 
place in Boston, on July 29, 1699. 

IG87/8 

March 9*^ The Disease of y" meazles hath prevailed exceedingly in 
tliis land, it began in Boston in y** summer & spread since into all parts 
of y* Country, few have dyed thereof. 

It began in our Towne y" begining of Winter & hath gone almost 
through every family. 

Franc Hainond fell sick w^'?' it about a month agoe. he kept at 
Widow Peachees. 

Betty Hammond soone after him. W"' Gerish at Boston about a 
montli agoe 

Mei7l Abigail Hammond at Salem about y'^ same time, or before. 

Parson Gerish in my family about y*' 22'! of February. 



Betty Gerish ) 

Bethia Gerish >- March y"" 7'!' in our family, are now very ill. 

Little Laurence ) 

12 All well recovered through Gods mercy. Our Maid Tryal sick 
also & recovered. 

This day we began to remove our Goods to M? Tucks house having 
hyred y^ southerly end for a Lease of 7 yeares, to pay £5.0.0 p annum. 

30 Fra : Hammond shipt on board M^ Shrimptons barque, W"' 
Everton Ml' bound for y*" Madera. 

April 1 Skipper [William] Hurry made his first Voyage for this 
yeare fro. Pascataq^ [Portsmouth, N. H.] loaden w"" boards &c 

3 This day, I deliu''ed y-^ key of Dl' Chickerings house to M" [Han- 
nah] Hunting, wife of Cap' Sam : Hunting, who received y'' same of me. 

B' Jos. Gerish carryed home his Daughter Betty from our house this day. 

6 I rec^ of Mf Jn° Parker of Redding for acco? of Tho. Tayler sen^ of 
s*? Towne 34 s for Costs of Court & 50,'s. in full of all accompts. 

23 Munday. Training day. We Examin'd Armes & Ammunitio 
I dismissed Samuel Kettle from being Drummer & Sergeant Rich*^ 
„ . . Lowden from beins; Sere' of y*" Company, at both their re- 

° quests ; I made Samuel Kettle youngest Serg! & Nathaniel 
Kettle Drummer of y® Company. 

This day came into our family Elizabeth Nevenson, daughter of 
M' Jn!' Nevinson & E^lizabeth his wife, who wilbe 13 yeares of age ye 
22'' day of October next : The verbal Coven* betweene my 
Nevinson ^^^'^ ^ '^^'- Nevenson is, that she ye s'^ Elizabeth shall dwell 
with my wife as a serv' six yeares, to be taught, instructed 
& provided for as shalbe meet, & y' she shall not depart from our family 
during ye said time without my wives consent. 

24 I waited on the Governour to Concord, to vizit Major Bulkeley. 

25 The Governor took his Journey to y" Eastward, & returned back 
May 28*f following. 

May 3 Was kept by Boston old Church, our Towne & Dorchester 

in fasting & prayer, more especially for raine, it having been an exceed- 

ing dry Spring & great signs of a Drought. And God was 

pleased to hear prayers, & to give an answer in part that 

night in sending a very refreshing shower about two houres long, & a 

plentifuU raine the begining of y*^ following week. 

11 My wife & I rod to Wenham this day, being fryday, & continued 
there till Wednesday following, from thence we came to 
Salem y' day & staid till ye next ; & then came home. 
25 Major Peter Bulkeley dyed this day & was privately buryed on 
Mai"" y® Sabbath being y^ 27'!* day. 

Bulkly's June 9 My wife & I rod to Concord to Visit Ma(T. Bulkley 

death (being Saturday) & returned home on tuesday following. 



6 

This Evening M"^ Sampson Sheafe was set upon in Boston Comon, 
& knockt downe & robbed by two Ruffins, One Hambleton 

M^ Sheafe (ia^(-g]y ^ Lodger at his house) being present, who it is judged 
hyred them to do it ; he Whistling w" he met M' Sheafe, these 

fellowes immediately fell upon liira ; y*^ Ruffins fled, Hambledon in 

Custody 

1 1 A thunder shower in y" Afternoone, very fierce in these two 
Townes ; struck M'' Sheafe's house in Boston, split severall 

Lig tning ^jj^|jgj,g ^ shattered others, strook his wife on her face, but 

she rec'' no great hurt. 

10 Maior Humphry Lustcomb TLiscom] of Boston dyed of 
Lustcom „ "^ *^ 

a leaver. 

13 I went to Boston, & paid M' West 46/s. money, w*^.'' I 
West rec? of our County Treasurer, for Acts by him sent to this 

county, w'^.'* was allowed in March Court. 
1^=" Note that ever since y^ fast on May 3? much raine hath season- 
ably & raercyfully fallen ; so that at this day y'' fruits of ye earth are 
all in a very flourishing rate, praised be God ! 

1688/9 

March 7 About a fortnight agoe two men of Chelmsford, who were 
Cousen-Germans, who also marryed two sisters, went out w'^ their 
Guns together to kill Ducks &c. y" one going just before ye other, the Guu 
in ye hand of ye hindmost man went off, & shot ye foremost man in ye 
back, wherof he presently Dyed : & when y" Gun was Lookt upon, ye 
Cock was found at halfe bent, guarded w'!^ ye Dog on ye outside, & the 
Hammer close down upon the pan ; ye man not touching ye Lock after 
it fired, but threw ye gun down, & Ran to ye wounded man ; Noe man 
knowing how ye powder sh? take fire, unless it were by a spark of fire 
from ye foremost mans tobacco pipe (w*^^ he had in his mouth when 
shot) carryed by ye wind between ye Barrel & Hammer of ye Gun, 
tho' no spark was seen by either of them ; the hindmost man had no 
pipe lighted or fire about him : A strange providence ! 

M' Sam. Whiting Minister of Billerica Related it to me this day. 

Anno 1688. In New england. One J Brodbent an Exciseman and a 
Hectoring Debauchee, Resid' in Boston (where too many of the same 
stamp, have lately multiplyed) meeting an Honest, Ingenious Country- 
man upon the Road, enquired of him, what Newes Countryman ? who 
Replyed, I know none : the other then Replyed, 111 tell you som ; 
What is it? (said ye Countryman) ; said the other. The Devil is Dead : 
How ? said ye Countryman, I believe not that ; Yes, said ye other, he 
is dead for certaine : Well then, said ye Countryman, if he be dead, he 
hath left many fatherless Children in Boston. 



( 



An Eminent Deliverance of M''. Jn'! Hale Minister of 
Beverly ^ his family from Ligldniiuj. 
Febr: 19. i68§. 
His Relatiou wlierof is this. My wife, two maids & two Children 
were by ye kitchin fire ; myself with Deacon Hill in my study, & hear- 
ing ye thunder smart, were going down to Comfort ye family below, & 
as we came to ye head of ye Staires (D. Hill part down) we were both 
struck w"' Lightning in our right Amies & right Legs, yet neither of 
us heard ye thunder, or saw ye Lightning; He was Less strook, & 
sooner got down staires ; I was struck down upon my knees, by ye post 
we use to lay hands on, as we goe up & down staires, & unable to stirr 
for som time ; but heard som of my family crying out of hurt below : 
at last I got down, my foot as if it were dead, & Leg full of paine, but 
w''' help got to lie down on a bed ; my Elbow seemed out of joynt, & 
Arm hung down like a stick, w'!^ m'^.'^ paine in it, but my lingers seemed 
dead : I have a bruise on my face, but suppose it might be w'^ my fall. 
In less y" an hour, I found life in all my Limbs, & y' no bone was 
broken or out of joynt, unless som small starting out of a bone in my 
wrist (praised be ye Lord) I find ye post I was by shivered on 3 sides. 
But to com to ye Rest ; ye Lightning came downe ye Chimney, brake 
out som bricks just above ye mantletree ; Hurt my wife & English 
maid on their heads, & ye Negro on her right Arm, yet all pretty well 
againe (thro' mercy) it bowed out two paines of glass in y" kitchin 
but brake out no glass, & on ye other side ye house beat out ye bottom 
of a paile, & touched severall pewter platters : on y"" top of y" kitchin 
Chimney it brake out about 20 bricks ; & on ye other side of ye Roof 
made an hole about 8 foot long, & then beat out ye North end of ye 
kitchin Chamber about 8 foot long & 3 foot wide, & tore out many 
other boards at y* end. without doores it killd me a Cow, & in ye 
stable one Lamb, w*^.^ y* Lord accepted of instead of our Lives. How 
unsearchable are his wayes & paths past finding out &c. I find no 
mark on my body, but a blue spot on my heele a \ of an Inch long & 
}j so wide, & somwhat sore, & one spot on ye sole of my foot, but 
not sore, taken out of his own Letter sent to his Bro : Wilson in 
Charlestowne. 

A Remarkable Experim'. tryed upon a 
Deaf ^- Dumb man. 

AVee pricked a knife's point (saith Ml" Morton in his Discourse of ye 
sense of Hearing) into ye belly of an Harpsicot, causing him to hold ye 
haft in his Teeth, then two of us severally played in his sight, ye one 
Harmonically som Tunes, ye other afterward struck a Confused Dis- 
cord, clashing many of ye keyes at once : ye poor man expressed won- 
derfuU Joy at ye Harmony, & embraced him y' had played it ; but 
withall showed as m'^'^ displeasure & Contempt of him y' had troubled 



him w'!" ye Discord. Then blindfold we set him in ye former posture ; 
& he y' before had Clashed, now play'd Regularly ; & ye other y' before 
had made musick, now Jumbled w* ye keyes, this we did severall 
times, shifting hands as we thought fit ; & between every time unbound 
his Eyes. The man still after a musical playing shewed his kindness 
& gratitude to him whom he had seen play, w" at first it pleased him, & 
so on the contrary. By w"^'' it appeared plainly, y' tho' he mistook ye 
persons, yet he very well pceived y" sound & it's affections, & Distin- 
guished betweene y^ Harmony & y*' Discord, w'!" an answerable satisfac- 
tion, or Regret. 

Mr Morton gives this Instance to note a probability y' y' mouth is 
not devoid of a power of perceiving sound ; & y' by ye tender nerves 
of y" Teeth. &c. 

A Violent Noysc may so Disorder the Brayn, as to render it imapt for 
its proper functions, ever after. 

An Instance wherof, M"^ Morton Relates (in his Discourse of ye sense 
of Hearing) in a Child, carryed in Armes, but of a quick apprehension, 
a Drum being beat close to ye child suddainly, as soon as ye Druiu 
began to beat, ye child was Imediately taken w'!" a grievous Convulsion, 
the Countenance Distorted, & all understanding driven away ; «fe so it con- 
tinued for w? it was of 20 yeares of age, he saw it a Natural f oole ; & enquir- 
ing ye Cause, his parents gave the afores? beat of y® Drum as ye reason, 
tho. he Remembers not y' ye hearing was therby much Impaired. 

1689 

April 18 Since the change of Government in this Land, by y"^ Vacat- 
ing our Chartar, & setting up a new form, first by a presid? & Council, 
w".*^ was done May 13'!* 1686. upon y^ Arrival of y^ Rose frigot, wherin 
Mr Edw^ Randolph brought a Coinission for M'' Jos. Dudley, Presid' & 
sundry other Gentlemen to be of y" Council ; and then by a Governour 
& Council, upon the arrival of S' Edm'^ Andros, in the Kingfisher on 
y* 18'!* day of December Anno 1686. whose Coinission from King 
James ye 2'! Constituted y" said S"" Edm'' to be Cap* Generall & Gov- 
ernor in Chiefe of his Maj"*^ Territory & Dominion of Newengland, in 
w'^!* Commission sundry pei-sons were joyned in Comission w'*" him as 
his Council : After w*^!' other plantations were added to ye same Gov- 
ernmf as Connecticut, New-york, East & west Jerzy &c. wherby ye 
Territory under ye same Governour was Extended to near 600 miles 
in length : I say these changes befell us, great & manyfold oppressions 
by fines, Imprisoum'.', illegal & arbitrary prosecutions of many particular 
persons began to grow upon us, with P^xcessive charges in all Lawsuits 
& other matters in Courts, as also a claiming in ye name of ye King, 
all our Lands, especially such Lands as were not under person all & par- 
ticular Iniprovem", & y* same in part, (& more designed to be) given 
to such who would petition & pay yearly acknowledgin*" & the large 



fees stated, for y'' same, besides many other grievances w'=!' no way ap- 
peared to redress, but men were made offenders for a word &c. The 
people in Boston & in y-^ Townes adjacent did this day rise as one man, 
& having seized Cap' Georp;e Commander of ye Rose & others ; Drums 
were beat in Boston & sundry persons appearing form'd themselves into 
Companyes under ye Coinand of such Leaders as were well approved 
of for ye Design in hand : The Governor & severall others who had 
been his Creatures, fled to y'^ fort, & there stood upon their defence ; 
above a thousand men were soon in Amies in Boston, chiefly of y' 
Towne, & partly from Charlestowne, & Roxbury ; also six or 700 men 
marched down out of Middlesex to Charlestown y-^ same day under 
y" CoiTiand of Cap' Naih. Wade, & there quartered y' night, y-^ Com- 
panies in Armes at Boston, Marched to y'' fort, took f lower fort 
with ye great Artillery ; y^ Redcoates ordered by y"^ Governo': to Issue 
out of y" fort & fire upon them, but beuig come down ye Hill fired not 
a gun, but ran back to ye fort againe : Boston having taken y° lower 
fort & sreat Guns, Loaded them, & planted y"" right against y'' fort ; 
then Simon Bradstreet Esq. w"' divers, Gentlemen, some of y" Council, 
& others of ye former Governm', formd y™'. into a Council & sent in 
writing to y« Governo^ under their hands, their advice to him to sur- 
rende? y'' Governm' & forts, least ye Country now up should storm 
ye same, & take it by force, w-^"^ would be ye occasion of bloodshed, &c. 
The Governo^. w"^ others at length came down to y" Council, sitting in 
y** Town house ; & after some discourse resignd all up 

An Acco' of my severall Marriages, to whom, & y^ time w?, & y^ 
time of the deaths of such of y™ as God hath removed: Also y^ Names 
of my children wliom God hath graciously given me, by whom, w^ 
borne & y^' time of y^ decease of such whom God hath bereaved me of. 
I was marryed to Audria Eaton, a Virgin, in Charlestowne in New 
eugland (who came y'' yeare before from London) on y" 30' 
^"'^'■'''^ day of September 1662. who dyed in child-bed in Charles- 
towne on y-^ 27'" day of August 1663. 

I was marryed to M" Abigail Willet, widow of M"! .7n<^ Wdlet, 

Youngest Daughf of M"^ Edward Collins of Meadford in N. 

Abigail Eno-Umd, on y'' 12'!' day of May 1665. who Dyed of a Ma- 

liauant feaver'on y-^' first day of february 167:^ in y« morning 

°I was marryed in Charlestowne to M" Margaret Willoughby, widow 

of Francis Willoughby Esq. on y" 8'!> day of February 16/ i. 

Margaret ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^j .^ f^^^er on y-^ 2". day of February 168f. 

I was marryed in Charlestowne to M^ Anne Gerrish, widow of D^ 
W"-^ Gerrish on y^ 14'" day of January 168*. whom God yet 
'^""® is pleased to spare to me 

By ray wife Audria, I had a sonne, named Francis, borne August 
y« 19"^ 1663. who about y« age of 18 yeares was bound to M^ Nicho : 
Follet,Marrinerof Pascataqua for 5 yeares; whose time being expired, 

2 



10 

He went to sea upoQ His own Acco', having j" Commendation of all 
y* knew Him for Sobriety & good proficiency in y^ Marriner's Art, 
& very hopefuU in reference to true piety. The last Voyage He made 
. was from Boston in a Vessel of Colonel Shrimpton's, W- 
Everton M! bound for Madera's, after their discharge from 
y* port they touched at Barmuda, & from thence home ; & on y" 24'!' day 
of November 1688. being come into Nantasket Bay, betw : 7 & 8 at 
night, y*^ wind not serving to com up, they came to an Ankor ; my son 
Francis was in y* foretop, furling y' foretopsaile, & from thence fell 
downe, struck upon y* ship-side, & into y® Sea, being (as its thought) 
struck dead w*'' y* blow, soon .-unk, & was never more seen, no boat nor 
hands ready to save him. 

By my wife Abigail, I [had] one son & four Daughters. 
Martha ^- ^^^^'^^^^ '■ borne y" 6'J? of April 1666. who dyed y" 7"^ of 

June. 1666. 
Abigail. 2. Abigail, borne y" 27. of April 1667. yet living. 

^ , 3. John,, borne y'' P-i of May 1669. who dyed y*^ 8 of Sep* 

'^°''"- 1669 

4. Jane., borne y" 10* of August 1670. who dyed y^ 25 
of Dec^' 1681. 
Elizabeth 5. Elizabeth, borne y*^ 13'!' of July. 1672. yet living. 
By my wife Margaret 1 had no Child. 

By my present wife Anne, I had Laurence, borne November y'' 23!^ 

y 1685. who dyed the 1" day of October 1689. by bladd' grown 

in his throat, begun on fryday Sep' 28'!" w'^!' ended his life on 

tuesday foil? betw: 7 & 8 at night, (a pleasant child) 

Francis Also Francis, borne Sep! 13'!' about one in y*" morning, yet 

Living, tho' now ill. 

This Record I have here made this 2*^ day of Octob"^ 1689. 
Attested by Lack. Hammond. 

Francis, my youngest sonne, taken w'!' a Hoarsnes in y* morning be- 
-p . fore day, dyed this 2'^ day of October 1689. betweene 8 & 9 
at night of y" same distemper (as we Judg) wherof his 
brother Laurence dyed y" night before. They were both buryed in one 
Grave October 4"" following. All my 3 sonnes dead within y" Com- 
pass of a yeare. Of eight Children w*^.'* God hath given me, but two 
Daughters (Abigail & Elizabeth) are now living. The Lord gives, & 
y*^ Lord takes; blessed be y^ name of y^ Lord. 

Nov. 1 M' Tho : Fairweather sailed for London, in a New ship 
built by M' [Samuel] Ballat this yeare. M"' Ricli'! Daniel saild in 
him fryday morning. 

January 30 This day my Daughter Abigail was joyned in Marriage 
unto Luke Greenough son of Mf W" Greenough of Boston, Ship- 
wright, by Mr Charles Morton jMinister at Charlestowue. 

February 10 This day sailed from Boston bound for London, Mr Bant 



11 

& in him S^ Edm** Andross, late Gov! of Neweuglaiid, M'; Jos. Dudley, 
M' Palmer, M' Randolph Mf West, Mr Graham & others, who are sent 
home to y" King, as by his Letter arrived here in November last. 

Likewise INL Rich'' Martin sailed y'' same day, & in him D'' Elisha 
Cook Df Thomas Oakes & M' Icchabod Wiswall, who are sent by y*" 
Convention to Implead y^ afores*^ Gentlemen. They Anchored at Nan- 
tasket, y^ wind coming Southerly. M' Martin Anchored not, but saild 
direct away. 

11 Court of Mictct!' holden in Charlestown by adjournm', Jn'.' 
Walker tryed about being y" father of a Bastard child, brought forth 
by Mary Phipps Solomon Phipps Lame Daughter. She lays it to him, 
y*" child dead. 

168 a 

^"90 

February 12 The Convention removed fi'ora Boston (y*" smallpox 
encreasing there) to Charlestowne this day. 

15 Cap! Bant, w*^ S!' Edmund &c is said to Sail from Nantasket 
for London. 

19 M' Rob* Wallis of this Town, sailed for London, in a Brigau- 
tine, M" Woodgate saild in her. 

John Rayner came in from y*" Bay of Campeach, loaden w'^ logwood. 

21 The Convention, adjourned to 

March 1 Satuday, Wind high, at W. fair & cold: 

2. Stephen Codman's child baptized. Wind at W. High & cold. 

3, Generall meeting of y'' Inhabitants of Charlestowne, to choose 
Officers 

Constables chosen are M' W^ Welsted sen' 
Natha! Kettle 
Nathal Davis. 
Joseph Frost. 



Selectmen chosen are Cap' Rich'! Sprague 

Peter Tuffts 
RicW Low den 
Natha' Rand 
Peter Fowle 
Sam' Hunting 
James Miller. 



Clerk of y"" Writts chosen is Laur. Hammond 
Wind at W N W. blew very hard & cold 



L' Nickols \ 4 Tuesday, wind at S. a fair, moderate day 
Sak^ehis f ^ Wedensday. wind at 
leg / N. W. & cleer, blew hard 



-u j.i.v.n.wio , ^ iuesuay, wiuu at o. a lair, nioueraie uay. 

brake his i ^ Wedensday, wind at E., & snow : at night wind at 



6 Thursday, Publ. Fast. Wind at W. & N. W. blew very hard all 
day & all night Extream Cold freezing weather. 



12 

7 Fryrlay, clear clay, wind at N. W. blew very hard, Extream cold & 
freezing. 

8 Saturday, Haizy sky, wind at N. W. blew moderate, but exceed- 
ing cold, som snow in y'' afternoon, wind at S. W. in y^ night N W. 
blew hard & Exceeding cold. 

March 9 Lord's day, wind at N. W. blew hard an Exceeding cold 
freezing day. clear weath' 

10 Munday, wind at W. blew fresh. Exceeding cold morning, after- 
noone more moderate : a very sharp, freezing night. 

1 1 Tuesday, wind at W. a moderate, still day. 

County Court sat by Adjournm* at Charlestowne, & allowed of y*" 
Towne's choise of me for Clerk of y" writts. 

12 Wedensday, wind at S. E. & E. snow y" forenoone, rainey, misty 
afternoon, moderate 

13 Thursday, wind at N. E. som raine, still, moderate, cloudy day. 

14 Fryday, wind at E. & snow afternoone, cloudy, still, moderate 
day. 

15 Saturday, wind at E. still cloudy, morning, then snow & y" raine 

all [nit, in cypher^ : Mf Clutterbuck arrived from y*" Canaries 
with wme, yesterday. 

16 Lords day, Raine all day, moderate weather, wind at E. clear 
at night wind at W. M! Morton preached in yf forenoone, & Ad- 
ministred y*" Sacram': this is y" first time I was at y" Sacram', since 
my confinem! Young M' Peirpoint Afternoon. 

17 Munday, Wind at W. N. W. blew a hard gale in y" forenoon; 
little, afternoone. a calm, moderate night. 

18 Tuesday ; wind E. came to S in y" Evening & cloudy ; blew 
fresh in y'^ night. 

19 Wedensday wind at S. & raine till near Noon, y." fair, wind at 
S. W & moderate. 

20 Thursday, a fair day, wind at N. moderate weather, wind came 
to N. E. Major Appleton & L' Stacey Lodged our House : y*" Convention 
still in Charlestown. This day came a post enforming y' yesterday, y^ 
Indians came to Nucha wanick [Berwick, Maine] & had don m'^? spoile. 

21 Fryday, wind at N. E. cloudy, cold day, som raine in y'^ night. 
Maj. Apleton & His L' lodged againe at our house. 

The Enemy at Nuchawanniek have burned about 30 Houses, & 
Nuchawiui- '^ill'i »^ carryd awa}'^ about 80 persons ; wherof about 30 
nock (le- men. they were set upon by a parcel of English y' came to 
s roye yg Town's reliefe, they fought till night parted y'" 2 of our 
men slaine & about 7 or 8 much wounded : we know not of one Lidian 
slaine : one frenchman taken prisoner: y*" P^nemy said to be not above 
60. ye meeting house burnt. ^ 

1 For other particulars of this attack, see Proceedings, vol. xiv. p. 126. 



13 

22 Saturday. Wind at N. E. a cold, cloudy day. Maj'' Appleton 
went home. 

a man Yesterday a man fell out of a shallop in y"^ river coming up 

ilrownrl (q j]^jg Xown & was drowned, it was Vee's shallop, 
our Cow ) 23 Lords day, a cloudy, moderate day, wind at S. at night, 
Calved \ warm, moist Aire, wind blew hard in y" night. 

24 Munday, wind at S. blew very hard, dark showry weather ; 
wind at S E. in Evening & m'^'' raine till about 10 at night ; 

25 Tuesday, wind at S. W. blew very hard, fair : calm tow*^.^ even- 
ing, rain at night, wind at N. E. My wife & I went to Boston, visited 
Mr Clutterbuck. 

26 Wedensday, wind at N. E. & raine at times till within night, 
weather moderate 

27 Thursday, wind at N. W. blew fi-esh, fair, moderate weather. 

28 Fryday, wind at N. E. Haizy weather, moderate. 
INIarch 29 Saturday, wind at E. & raine, moderate weather. 

30 Lord's day, wind at S. W. a fair moderate day, Moon changed. 

31 Munday, wind at S. E & N. E. & calm at nigh [t] , a fair moderate day. 
All this week to Saturday, fair weather & seaturns every day, calm 

nights. I went w* my wife & son & Daughter Greenough to Winnisimet. 
April 2 Wedensday, I planted my Rose pease. 
4 Fryday, my wife & I walked to Ben : Bowers. 

6 Lords-day, wind at W & N. W. blew fresh, fair, cool day. Mf 

Metcalf made his confession before y" Church of v" sin of 
Metcalf „ . . "^ -^ 

fornication. 

7 Munday, wind at N. a fair, moderate day, wind at N. E. in y^ night 

„, , , M'i Welsted in Gov^ Andrews Sloop, sailed for London, 

Welsted , 

being sent by y" present Governm' on y': 2 or 3- instant. 

8 Tuesday, wind at N. E. som snow in y" forenoon, then rain all 
day, a storm of wind & rain at night. 

28 S' Ws Phipps Chiefe & about 700 men in 3 or 4 Vessels fitted 
as men of Warre (Cypr: Southdeck, who rec'? a ire of mart from y® 
King being one) saild, being design'd by those now in Goverum' ag?' 
y* french forts at y** Elastward to take y".' 

May 4 Lords day, a Brave soaking Raine. 

From thence until y*^ 14'!" day dry, faire, moderate, weather. 

14 Raine, very refreshing; wind at N. E. & E. 

12 Arrived from London Tho. Gilbert in ^NP Belchar's ship. 

15 Thursday, wind blew fresh at S. AV. fair, moderate weather, a 
shower. 

17 Saturday, a considerable raine in y" night preceding & this morn- 
ing, wind at E. 

( This day & yesterday fatal for y" desolating of Casco by 
Casco -s y" Enemy, as y* news of it was brought to us on Munday 

( night pticulars not known, all killd & taken. 



11 

22 Thursda}^ News from S- W'^ Phipps, y*^ forts [at Port Royal] 
surrendered, much plunder taken. 

My wife & I rod this day to Weuham, to B! Gerrish's 

28 Wedensday, we returned home, thro' Salem, dined at Benj* Ger- 
rish's & thence home in y^ Evening. 

Election carryed on this day as foil. viz. 

Simon Bradstreet Esq,. Govf Tho. Danforth. D. G. 

July 3 Our Cow went to L! Nickel's pasture in y" Evening of this 
day. 

August 3 A fire brake out in Boston, betw: 2 & 3 in y" morning, by 
^. y^ Millbridge, w".'* consumed about 30 Buildings, y'' cause not 

known, a Young man's thigh being brake, he dyed soon. 

9 The Fleet, consisting of about 32 Ships & Vessels, w"' about 2200 

^ , men, under S' W'" Phipps, General, bound to Canada, ag*' 

Canada . J ,.,,,. -r- . 

y® lirench, sand this Evening. 

14 A Seizure was made of Cot. Potter & all his Letters, who being 

sent by Cap' Nickolson, Gov^ of Virginia, hether by Land, was ready 

to return back to him, with a great quantity of Letters to him & 

c, . others, w'!' Ires so seized by a Warr! from som in Boston, 

Seizure ' •' . . 

of were opened & read by y® Council, & som kept, & som redeliv- 

Letters eved to y^ Messenger, & suffered to depart y^ next day : Som 
have been called to acco* for w' they writ, & others expect y*" like. 
How congruous this is to y*^ obtaining their Charter, they have been 
suing for, & how acceptable it wilbe to his Maj'!'' y'' world may 
judge. 

Sep! 5 Jos. Lynde jun.saild for Barbados in a Ketch, W" Gerish 
sailed w'.'* him at 20/s ^ meni?. 

16 A fire brake out in Boston, this night about 11 of y" Clock, in 
the house of one Cornish, & so prevaild y' 5 Houses were burnt by y* 
South Meeting-house, L! Reynalds stone House, y® timber work all 
consumed, in y^ flame wherof, y*^ Meeting house was several times 
fired, but by y* Industry & activity of Cap* Cypr: Southdeck, & som 
others, (thro' God's great mercy) y*^ fire was still put out, & y" Meeting 
house preserved, w'"'' had if fire prevaild upon, y*^ whole 
Town, at least to Leeward, had been endangered, y'' wind 
blowing fresh at S. W. 

a youth about 12 years of age was consumed in y*^ flames in the s? 
Cornish's House. 

It is said, y'^ Man of y'' House himself had carelesly stuck up a 
lighted Candle ag" y" claboards within y" House, & y? went forth to 
an Alehouse to drink, & forgetting his Candle, there staid till his 
house was on fire.^ 

1 Other particulars of tliis fire are found in the " PUBLICK OCCUR- 
RENCES Both FOREIGN and DOMESTICK. Bosto>i, Thursday Sept. 25th, 
1690," the first newspaper ever printed on this continent. See "The Historical 



15 

17 My Daughter Abigail Greeuough, was delivered this morning 
about 3 of y® Clock of a Daughter, y" her full time not beiug com, by 
at least a month. 

Nov. The first Vessel Returned from Quebeck, bring newes of 
our defeat there, all Returning home, many dead & more sick of small- 
pox, fevers & fluxes, besides som slain by y® Enemy ; like to be a 
great mortality. 

Decemb"; 1 A Pink, wherof M": Jos. Buckly was M' full Loaden, 
-p. bound for Jamaica, by carelessnes of 2 persons on board, was 

fired & burnt to y'^ water, she rode at Anchor in Boston. 

22 The Green Dragon in Boston, kept by Mother Wilmot (now 

Smith) took fire between 12 & one this Morning, & burnt 

down, no other House fired, no wind & good help, & snow 

upon y* Neighbo' Houses, was a means of their p'"servation. Very 

little in y** House saved. 

27 About 2 in y" morning Cap* Dan. Turin's shop was 
burnt down (; no other mischiefe y' I hear of) in Boston. 
1691 

May 13 Hyred a Cow of Abrati. Hill, for y** Summer, from this day 
till 7t)er 13'!^ for 20/s. she is put into y"" pasture y' was Lieu' Nichols, 
to pay 20/s. for Suinering. 

This Cow proving unruly & unlucky, so as none could milk her, was 
retui'ned to Hills y*^ same day. 

14 Agreed w'.'' Jn° & Hainiah Newel jun' for halfe y" milk for this 
Summer w".'' y^ Cow we sold }'" shall give, until y*" season for Housing 
coms. We paying for her pastorage, w°.'* is to be 20/s as abovesaid. 

19 M? Mary Trumbal & y* Wife of Sam. Reid, being sentenced at 
an Adjournm' of y'^ pretended Court in this County on fryday 15'.^ in- 
stant to pay a fine of £5. 0. 0. each, & give bond of £20. 0. w'!' sure- 
ties for y'' good behaviour, & not to sell any more drink, were Oi'dered 
to stand Committed till y* sentence were fulfilled hereupon Sam. Goo- 
kin, y" pretended Marshal, takes y"} under his Custody & puts y" into 
M^ Jackson's House, & there orders y"!" to abide; where they stayed 
y? night & until Munday y* 18"'; but they sending to y" Marshal for a 

Magazine" (I. 228-23f), August, 1857, for a copy made by me thirty-five years 
ago. The account of the fire is as follows : — 

" Altho' Boston did a few weeks ago, meet with a Disaster by Fire, which con- 
sumed about twenty Houses near the Mill-Creek, yet about midnight, between the 
sixteenth and seventeenth of this Instant, another Fire broke forth near the South- 
Meeting-House, which consumed about five or six houses, aad had almost carried the 
Meeting-house itself, one of the frtire«t Edifices in the Country, if God had not remark- 
ably assisted the Endeavours of the People to put out tlie Fire. There were two more 
considerable Circumstances in the Calamities of this Fire, one was that a young man 
belonging to the House where the Fire began, unhappily perished in the Flames; it 
seems that tho' he might sooner awake than some otiiers who did escape, yet lie some 
way lost those Wits that should have taught him to help himself. Another was that the 
best furnished PRINTING PRESS, of tiiose few that we know of in America was lost; a 
loss not presently to be repaired." 



16 

Coppy of their Mittimus, he told y^ Messeng" he had none, but sup- 
posed y" Clerk had it ; Sam. Phipps y^ Clerk being spoken w'!", said, 
he had none, but he believ'd y* Marshal had it, & if he had none, 
y" there was none granted. These Women hereupon were advised to 
return to their families, for they could not be deteined prison" without 
IVIittimus longer y" y* Court was sitting; by colour of no Law; w''^ 
Court ended on y? said 15'?^ instant They accordingly came to their 
Houses on Munday. 

But on this 19"' day, comes y^ said Gookin to Charlestown, & with- 
out any Warr* brake open M" Trumbal's House, Rob' Wyer's House & 
Dan. Smith's House, where he found & seiz'd M" Trumbal ; His Wai-r* 
beijig demanded for so doing, he said, he was y* Kings Officer & needed 
no Wan' ; & y' by vertue of his office he could break open any house, 
or all y*^ Houses in Town, if he saw meet, or words to this effect. 

Cap' Sprague told me, y' in his hearing at Geo. Monk's in Boston, & 
in y*" Hearing of many more, M"" Andrew Belcher of Charlestown, on y^ 
18'?* instant did say, y' y® Jury y' found Leysler & his Accomplices guilty, 
& Dudley y^ Judg who Coudemu'd y'" to death, deserved to be Hanged 
y™! & it was pitty Dudley had not been Hanged w" he was in England, 
present at y* same time Piani Blower, Benj^ Alford & many others. 

20 Pretended Election at Boston. 

June 2 Their Court adjourned to October 

3 Elizabeth Robinson came to us, to serve for Wages at £3. 0. 0. 
y" yeare 

July 25 One Rich"^ Lilly, com in from y*" Westindies in one Robin- 
son y*^ day before, being handing small Armes into Charles Hopkins 
boat at Boston, to be carryed on shore, took one Gun & 

Hopkins holding y" muzzle tow'l^ Hopkins, said, old man here's a 
sliot. •' /-111 

gun for you, & immediately y'' Gun fired & shot y" said Hop- 
kins into y* body, wherof he presently dyed. This Hopkins wife is 
Maj^ Henchman's sister : & Rich^ Lilly is old Lilly's son y® Cooper. 

August 4 By a Vessel from New- York, we have y^ sad Newes of 
Col. Henry Sloughter's death, y^ Kings Gov^ there, who dyed suddenly. 

Sep' 2 At Dunstable, one man, his wife & son & patrick Mark's 
Daughter killd by Indians.-' 

29 Barachiah Arnold, Arrived from London. 

Octob. 2 Capf Jn" flToy sailed for London. 

Sep' 21 Cap! W" Symms dyed of a feaver. 

Octob. 16 M!' Rich, ffoster sailed for London. 

2o One Gutteridge & his wife & 3 more. Living in ye bounds of 
Rowly were Murthered by Indians, two more of y" family missing, 
this was on y" Sabbath Evening. 

26 A merch' & a master, lately com from Bristoll (y* merch'^ name 

1 The victims of tliis miinlerous assault were Joseph Hassell, Anna, his wife, 
and Benjamin, their son, and Mary, daugliter of Peter Marks. The scene of the 
massacre lies now within the limits of the city of Nashua, New Hampshire. 



17 

was Martindale) & one Shortridge, M' Gilbert's Mate, & 2 other men, 
all Drowned, coming up from y* Hands in y** night, wind at N. W. in Gil- 
berts Yaul, supposed to overset, y* Wind blowing very hard, not one saved. 

It is Reported, another family is Cut off by y" Enemy at Aimsbury 
this night. 

Novemb. 8 A Violent Storm of Wind & Rain at S. did much harm 
to Wharfes &c. 

One man Drowned out of a Woodboat in y^ South River on Mistick- 
side, a Boston man. 

12 A flight of snow about an hour, Wind at N. W. w'^'' continued 
blowing very hard, & Extream Cold, freezing weather, till Saturday 
Evening y® 14* 

14 John ffoster sailed for Barbadoes. 

16 At night, began a Storm at N. E. very much Wind, Snow & 
Haile all night, Less wind y^ next day, snow continued more or less 
till night. A Vessel from Madera Castaway at Cape Cod this storm, 
one More was master, men, & most of y*' Goods saved. 

15 A clear, sharp day, fresh gale at N. W. 

22 Fair, sunshine weather Wind at N. W. & freezing nights & morn- 
ings all the last week from y® 18'!' day till this day, w" there was little 
or no Wind ; cloudy at night ; 

23 Munday, Wind at S. E. cloudy, moderate weather ; Rain at night, 
all night, more or less. 

24 Tuesday, Wind at N. & NNE. moist, misty weather & Cold : 
but thawing. 

25 Wedensday : Wind at N & NNE. Bleu hard in y'^ morning & 
snow all day more or less, cold, but thawing. 

26 Thursday, Wind at N. W. fair Weather. 

29 Sabbath, a Very cold day, snow & rain at night. Wind S. E. 
Little of it 

Nov. 30 JMunday, Wind at N. W. cloudy, misty weather, clear at night. 

1 went to Boston w'!" M^ Knill, discoursed My Newton about his 
busines : also Comitted to M' Newton y*" prosecuting Mr Pool's bonds 
at next Court, I gave him 12^ 

M'' Sheafe promised to com over to me this week, & if M^ Ellis did 
not, he would make up w' I had already rec'^ of M! VAlis 30' for ye 
writings drawn betw. them. 

Dec. 1 Tuesday, a moderate day, raine at night, little or no wind. 

2 Wedensday, Wind at N. E. Rain & snow. & much rain at night, 
blew hard. 

M'' Knill [This line is written in cypher; and for a translation by 
our associate, Mr. Upham, see his letter printed below.] ^ 

1 Newtonville, Mass., Jan. IG, 1892. 
Dr. Samuel A. Green: 

My dear Sir, — The short-hand in Hammond's Journal, which you asked 
me to decipl)er, differs from any I have ever met with. Among the twenty or 

3 



18 

Maiy Martiu came this day to our House to Dwell. 

6 Good, moderate weather till day ; w'^'' was cold & still ; in y' night 
Raine & m'=.'' winds at E & S. E. Ml^ Jonath. Russel preached this 
afternoon in Joh. 1. 12. 

7 a faire day, wind at N. W. moderate weather. 

8 Tuesday, wind at N. & N. E. a moderate, still day, Rain all night. 
wind at E^ & S E. 

This Afternoon M." Dudley came over & w'!' him, Cap* ffoxcraft & 
Cap* Davis ; Mr Graves, Cap' Sprague, Cap* Hunting, Ml Jn? fEowle 
& myselfe treated y".' at Suiners w'l" a Glass of Wine, Maj'. Hincbman, 
came to Town this Evening & was in y* Company. 

9 Wedensday,Wind at N. E. Rain all day. cleer night. Wind at NW. 

10 Thursday, fair, moderate day, wind at S. W. 

11 fryday, fair, moderate day, wind at S. W. 

Jn° Pullen came in from Jamaica ; W"' Gerish w"' him. 

M' Newton & Mr Pool came over to me ; Mr Pool proposed to pay 
£38. money & 20' M' Newton's fees for a final issue. I told him if ye 
Women concerned w'! accept it, I w*? be satisfyed, & w'' give Mr Newton 
a speedy acco' therof. I accordingly spake w"' M" Long & M? Tuck, 
who did both accept his proposals. 

12 from this day to y*" 17'.'* moderate weather & som Raine. 

18 Tho. Gilbert saild for Jamaica. Wind at N. W. blew hard, a 
flight of snow, cold weather. 

19 Saturday, wind at W.&W& by N. blew hard, faire weather & cold. 
28 W"" Gerrish, shipped on a sloop, bound for Mountserrat, Edw. 

Loyd M' at 40 '' V mense. 

January 22 Cap* Dolbury arrived at Cape Cod from London, Rob! 
Orchard a passenger in him, came to Boston by Land y* 26* day. 
brought not one Letter w'^ him from on board, sent from London, a 
£re to Coll. page from y" M', he brought, w*^.*" informs y' S' W'" Phipps 
is coming Genl' Govf over all y* territory from y® East end of New- 
york to y^ West end of Newfoundland, y' flfoy & Quelsh & Bant are 
taken Bob. Orchard tells y*^ same ; y" News of y^ GovT they rec*? at plim" 
6 weekes passage from plym°, y' Ware & Gillam came out w*.^ them 

more short-hand alphabets existing before 1692 the only one that furnishes a clew 
is that of Thomas Skellon, 16.50, which is the same, substantially, as that of Elisha 
Coles, 1674. A few of the characters are double consonants or arbitrary symbols 
not given in the alphabet, so that their meaning can only be conjectured. What 
is doubtful is given within brackets. Using Skelton's alphabet, I make the entries 
to read as follows : — 

1691, Dec. 2. "M: Knill [th]is m[or]ning told me [at our] h[ou]s[e] : t[hat] he was 
sur[e] lie sh[ou]ld n[ot] liv[e] -30 da[y]s mor[e] : he was in a pa[y]ing : to [save] being 
[attached ?] " 

1694, May 8. "Jos. Arnald for Autigua. ' niistris ha[ ]d went down to Nan- 

^sket : — " 

16i(4, June 24. "myself presenting her to [him] to be baptized." 

Very truly yours, 

William P. Upiiam. 



Ill 

January 14 A Fast thro' the Colonic by order of Gen" Court. 

24 Sabbath day morning sayled sundry Vessels from Nantasket, 
among whom, Barachiah Arnold & Edw. Loyd for Mountserrat. 

25 York at y*" Eastward, Attaqued by French & Indians, most of 
y^ Town burnt ; 140 persons, missing, about 40 found killd & buryed 
by Cap' fflood & his Company, who lay in pay at pascataq^. when this 
mine befell York, & went After y* mischiefe was don, to bury y^ dead. 
M"; Shubal Dummer, Minister of ye Town found cut in pieces. 

Febr. 15 My Daughter Elizabeth Peirson was delivered of a son, 
in Boston. 

g. -^ym Xemple in a Treatise of his, thus describes King W- of England. 
He is a prince of great firmnes to w! he promises or denies ; He speaks 
little but thinks much : Ambitious to be great ; a prince of great vertues 
& no apparent Vices. 

23 Rain began in y^ night, & continued all y*" week, more or less to 
rain w"' much wind betw. y^ S. E & N. E. 

2(S Likewise much rain & wind. Som raine y*' 29'*' also. 

March 1 Wind at N. W. & cleare weather. 

These raines, w'!^ y^ Violent sudden melting of y*^ snow in y" Wilder- 
nes caused such a sudden & Violent flood jl hath done abundance of 
damage in most parts of y" Country, carrying away bridges, Mills &c. 
Connecticut river 3 f! higher y" ever it was known before, destroyed 
m''.'^ Cattel in y* meadows, carryed away som Houses, & washed away 
in many places y® very land w'l' y* English graine sown in it. 

Fe15r. 25 My Daughter Abigail [widow of Luke Greenough] was 
marryed, before M'' Sewell to M" James Whippo of Barnstable. 

March 1 My wife & I set out on Horsback w*!' son & Daughter 
Whippo for Barnstable, but at Roxbury were informed y^ waters were 
so high & wayes so bad we could not pass. We returned to Boston. 

2 We took passage in a Sloop, Sam. Allen M' in y* morning, but 
y^ wind being contrary we put into Cunnihasset [Cohasset] & landed 
there at night ; from thence we travaild by land 

7 & arrived at Barnstable on Munday night y"" 7"' instant. 

19 My wife & I set out from Barnstable came to Sandwich, staid y'= 
Sabbath, lodged at M' Prince's. 

21 We came to plimouth, lodged at M' Cottons. 

22 We came to Braintree, lodged at Mf fisks. 

23 We came safe home, thro' Gods mercy. 
1692 

Apr. 18 Susanna Burrage came to us to serve for wages at A^. 
"^ annu. 

Parson Gerish first went to School to M' Emerson. 

21 Mf Steph : Codman's sloop launched, built by M"^ Row. 

29 Mr Jn" ffoster arrived from Barbadoes. 

May 3 M'. Dudley arrived from N. York. ^ 



20 

4 An Election held at Boston, y^ only change made, was, M^ W- 
Johnson of Wooburn left out & Majf Jn° Richards taken in. 

11 Cap' Elisha Bennet's ship was launclied by Kdw"! Johnson. 

14 S' W"'. Phipps arrived in y" Evening (being Saturday) in y*" Non- 
such ffriggot, Cap! Staples in a Hakeboat in Compay, & a french prize 
by y"' taken on Newfoundland-banks, loaden w'l' Sugar, bound for france 
from Martinico. 

16 Munday, 10 Companies in Arms, consisting in 8 of Boston & 2 
of Charlestown, attended S' W" to y*^ Townhouse where his Coinissiou 
was read, to be Cap! Gen" & Govf in chiefe over Massachusets & pli- 
mouth ; & y*^ Kings Lieu' over y* militia in Connecticut, Road Hand & 
province of New-Hampshire. Likewise M"; Stoton's Comission to be 
Lieu! or Deputy Gov^ & y" Kings Deputy Lieu' over y° militia &c. M! 
Addington Secretary included in y"" Gov'.^ Comission, as likewise all y*^ 
Council. M"^ Stoughton gave y^ oath to y" Gov' as by Coiiiission he was 
appointed y"^ Secretary gave y* oath to M"^ Stoughton & y^ Council, such 
as were present. 

26 Publike Fast held by order of y^ Governm! 

24 M'? Cary, wife of Nath. Cary, Committed to Cambridge prison, 
& put in Irons, upon suspition of witchcraft. 

Coppy of a Warr' for an Assembly. 

^.^^^ S: W^ Phipps Kn^- Gap*. Gen^} Sr Govl in chiefe of their Mnf'? 
(seal) province of y^ Massachusets Bay in N. E. in America. 

To y" Constables or Constable of Charles town., Greeting. 

These are in y"" I\Iaj''.^^ Names W- & Mary by y^ grace of God of 
Engl^, Scotland, France & Ireland K & Q : &c. to will & require you, 
upon rec' hereof, forthw"' to assemble at such time & place as you shall 
appoint, y^ freeholders & other Inhabitants of y" s'! Town & place, 
qualifyed as in & by his Maj"."^ Royal Charter for setling of y^ Gov- 
ernm! of s*? province is directed, y' is to say, such as have an testate 
of freehold in land within y® s*^ province or Territory to y'' Value of 
40 's y annu at least, or other Estate to y** Value of 40^ sterl : to Elect 
&, depute two psons & no more to serve for & represent y"' in a great 
or Gen" Court or assembly for y* s*^ province, by me appointed to be 
convened, held & kept at y*^ Townhouse in Boston upon Wedensday 
y* S'*^ day of June next ensuing y" date hereof for their Maj'":'' Service ; 
w".'' person so Elected or deputed by y" major part of y*^ s'^ freeholders 
& other Inhabitants who shalbe present at y'^ s'! Election, you are 
timely to Suiiiou to attend y*^ s*! great & Gen" Court or assembly y* 
day above prefixed by 9 in y^ morning & make return of this writ 
w'!' yo! doings therin under yo! hand, into y"' Secretary's Office y*^ day 
before y* s'^ Assembly's meeting ; hereof fail not as you will answer 



21 

yf neglect. Given under my hand & seal at Boston y*" 20"' of May 
1G92, in y* 4"' year of their s" Maj"?^ Reign. 

Wm Phipfs 

June 1 The freeholders of Charlestown met to choose Assembly- 
men Major Phillips chosen Moderatour. 

It was proposed by Mf Graves to Enquire who had a right in 
Voting & y* a list of their names might be taken ; but y' was not 
approved. They were not willing to question any present. 

The manner of Voting being discoursed, M"! Graves proposed by 
polling according to y*' way of P^ngland ; but Voting by papers was 
preferred before it ; JNI": Morton being y"" Chiefe speaker, did w*^ great 
Vehemency (& as little prudence) inveigh ag" y** manner of Choosing 
parliam' men in England, calling it prophane & wicked &c. 

They carryed it by a Vote to choose by papers ; & y'' minor part of 
y" Voters present chose Jacob Green sen!' & SaiTi. Phipps ; above 40 
Voters present refused to Vote in y' way, & so Voted not at all ; many 
of whom refused to Vote, only because they carryed it in y* way. 
Divers freeholders we find were not warned to y^ meeting so y' It 
is Judged an illegal choise. 

2 A Court of Oyer & Terminer held at Salem this day, W^^ Stough- 
ton Esq, Judge, to try severall of those who are accused of Witchcraft. 

3 An old Woman, wife of one Bishop of Salem (her name was for- 
merly Olliver) found guilty, & condemned to be hanged. 

6 The Conception, a man of Warre Coinanded by Cap* Fairfax 
arrived here from Virginia, being ordered from Whitehall to guard 
this Coast, as he shall receive orders from y^ Governo": She is a french 
prize, a o"* Rate, 32 guns 

8 The Assembly Convened at Boston. 
y« Con- 10 Cap' Sprague myselfe & divers others of our Town, 

demned ^g,-,^ (j^wn to y"' Hands in Steph. Codman's Sloop, we came 
vvoniaii was . .„ „„r, in a pa 

this day «P m y" Afternoon, & y* Sloop & men Arms ct Ammuni- 

hanjid tion belonging to her were Impressed for y'^ Kings service. 

11 Tho: Het senf went up in Edw. Johnson's Cannoo tow*^.' y" 
Oyster banks near Cambridge River to get Oysters ; he fell out of y* 
Cannoo, about y^ point of marsh belonging to M": Hills farm; none 
being w* him. M"" Hill heard a man Hallow, & casting his eyes y' 
way, saw a Cannoo adrift & a man in y*' water ; he hastned to him 
w* his boat, & found him on y* flats drowned in not above 3 foot 
water, he took him up, & brought him to Town. 

July 5 A fire began in y*^' Kiug's-Head Tavern in Bo.stoii, 
*'''"'' by Halsy's Wharf, bet w H & 12 at night, w*^'' destroyed 

about 20 Dwelling Houses & Warehouses 

6 Commencem' day. 

July 14 Publike Thanksgiving throughout y*' province, by ord"". of 
Gov'' & Council 



'>9 



17 The Moon almost totally Ecclipsed. 

] 9 Five persons Executed at Salem, being Convicted of Witchcraft. 

20 I removed w'!* my family to Cap' Jn" Wing's House in Boston, 
at £12. V annu Rent y'' stable included. 

12 Leat to Seth Sweetsir y'^ stable standing by y'' House Rented 
by Edw'l Johnson in Charlestown, at 15/' V annu. 

Aug'.' 3 Arrived Jn": Bolston from .Jamaica, who brought y'' tidings 
of y" amazing Earthquake at y*^ Hand, wherby y*' whole Town of 
port Royal (Except y^ back street) is sunk under water, & above 2000 
Earthquiik psons suddenly destroyed, not a House upon y*" Hand, but is 
at Janiaioa either down or greatly damnifyed. this hapned June 7* about 
noon, being tuesday, a faire, still day ; y* Town all well, & sunk, being 
overflowed by y" sea in y" space of 2 or 3 minutes ; 4 or 5 fathom 
water & in som places more now over y'^ Town. 

4 A fast at y*" North-Church in Boston. 

12 A fast at Charlestown. 

A post from pascataq^ gives acco! of y"" arrival of y^' Mast ships, w . 
a man of warr of forty odd guns, in whom M!; Jn" Usher came, L' Gov' 
of y' province ; 

News from England, y* on y'^ 18*' or 19* of May, y"' P>nglish & 
french fleets P^ngaged ; y' y" french was routed, about 23 of their Capi- 
tol Ships burnt & sunk, wherof y^ Admiral & Vice admiral, of 104 
guns a ps, y*" rest most of 80 & 70 guns a ps, none under 60 guns, a 
little before this Engagem', a grand plot was discovered, wherein sev- 
eral Lords & Gentlemen were concerned to bring in King .James. 

13 Cap' Bozinger arrived in Boston, who came w'!' y*" mast ships 
from London. 

11 Leat to Daniel of Boston Butcher, y'' stable belonging to 

Cap' Wings House, at 40/s %! annii. Rent to begin when put in 
repaire ; M"^ Jn" Fowl present at y^ Agreem' 

15 The Stable repaired, y" Rent began this day, being Munday 

Sep' 5 M^ .Jn° Foster sailed for Barbadoes, being Munday, a fair 
wind continued till Thursday morning. 

Sep' 16 Cap! Jn° Carter of Wooburn was buryed (who dyed of a 
feaver) the bearers were. Cap' W'" Johnson, Cap' Jos. Lynde, Cap' Jer. 
Swain, Cap! Jn° Brown. Cap' Jonath. Danforth & myself, gloves to 
y*-' bearers. 

17 The Governo' saild for Pemicjnid in y^' sloop Mai-y. 
yc 20"' 19 Cap' Gilbert & Capl Emes arrived from Canada river, 

M": Hough they brought in w'.'^y'" a french prize, a Flyboat, Judged about 
doz Can" '^^^ Tuns full of french Goods, taken in y*^ mouth ol Canada, 
dies. bound up y*' River, from France, she is judged a Rich ship. 

24 8 psons hanged at Salem, & one pressed to death som dayes be- 
fore being Condemned about Witchery. 21 in all have been P^xecuted 
at Salem since y* Court began. 



9'>. 



26 I Rec'' o?W Grace Ireland £12. 0. iu good ps of |- for w"^ 
I gave her a Bond under my hand & Seale to pay to her Husband INF 
Ju? Ireland £12. 9. 6 in good & Lawfull money of N. E. on or before 
y^ 26 of march next; she promised y' If they could spare it & I sh^ 
desire it, I might have it another halfe yeare. 

M' Ju° Ireland arrived from Nevis this Evening. 

28 Cap' Elisha Bennet sailed for Barbadoes & Cap' Quelsh for 
Jamaica. They stopt at Nantasket. 

29 The Governo" arrived from Pemiquid. 

Oct. 8 A Rainy day Wind at N. cleer night & a hard frost, wind N. W. 

9 Sabbath day. Wind at N. W. a very t-old day. 

... ■ 10 Snow in y^ morninij fair before noon, snow £[one bv 

1°^ snow JO ' e> J 

Noon. 

1 1 Maj' Ilinchman, lodged here this night, & desired quarters & 
lodging- here till y*^ Gen" Assembly shall end. w"*" we granted 

12 Gen!' Assembly began ; Cap' Goodenow, began to Quarter here 
this night on y" same occasion w'!* MajT Hinchman. 

15 Maj^ Hinchman went home after dinner. Cap' Goodenow staid 
here. 

30 The Man of Warre & Mast Ships saild from Pascatq,. Mad' 
Daniel tfe M" AYoodgate went Passengers. 

Dec. 2 M"^ Thwing saild for Montserat. 
3 Edw!" Loyd saild for Montserat. 

14 I rec!^ a Ire l^rom Bf Parson, by one Monk, who arrived here 
yC 2 2''^ day. in it % Bill Exchange drawn by Mr Anthony Hodges of 
Montserat for £36 5. 0. payable to my Brother or order, by M' James 
Leblond of BostoiA at 10 ds sight I did y*^ same day present y^ Bill 
to him, who p'' y' money on sight. It was signed by my Brother on 
y*^ back side. 

15 Mf James Berry Arrived fiom Jamaica, by whom we have y" 
sad News of M"^ Clutterbucks death after his arrival at Jamaica, taken 
sick Sep' 24. dyed y"' 29'!' Also of y*^ continuance of y** Earthquake, 
& a dreadfull ruortality about 4000 dead since ye Earthquake, besides 
those y' perished by it, Computed about 2000 persons. 

13 Tuesday : Betty Palladay came home from Mr Taylors & Betty 
Gerrish went to M' Taylor's in her place. 

19 Cap' Ernes in y" Flyboat S' Jacob sailed for Salturtootha [Sal 
Tortugas]. 

20 Mr Jos. Lynde saile 1 in his Ketch for Salturtootha. 
19 Cap' James Thomas Sailed for Barbadoes. 

21 In y' Evening, about 6 of y*^ Clock, a fiery meteor blazed w'.'" 
a great light, sending from it 7 or 8 distinct balls of fire, shooting from 
y' West tow*^' y^ S. E. as Cap' Benj" Gillam & Cap! Eldridge have 
affirmed who diligently observed it & say y* light continued about 2 
minutes Mi Sheafe is my Authour, who told me he rec'' this acco' 



24 

from y*^ aboveiiamed persons ; it was also Visible to all y' were out of 
their Houses in y® open Aire. 

22 Acco' of y* death of Mf Jn". Russell of Hadley, who Sickned 
& dyed in or about one houres time ; he was Minister of y' Towne. y*" 
dav of his death was on the day of this instant December. 

March 12 Cap' Gilbert Bant arrived from London. 

19 Cap' Jose arrived from London. 
1693 

April 22 Cap' Emms in Ship S' Jacob arrived w'!" Salt from Xuma 
[Exuma]. Nath. Green arrived from Barbadoes. 

18 Indians are supposed this day to have murthered a man & 2 
children & to have Carryed away a Woman & a boy at Lampereele 
river, y^ dead being found, & y" others missing, but none of y'' House 
left to give any acco' 

May 8 Six persons, men. Women & Children murthered by Indians 
at York near pascatq^. 

10 My wife returned from Wenham. whether I carryed her Apr. 28'^ 

12 M' W- Thwing arrived from Montserat. 

14 My Stretton arrived from Montserat. 

17 Edw'^ Loyd in Ship prosperous arrived from Nevis. 

Five Ml''/' sugar 4 B"! parsons, one W!^' Gerish's landed out of Stret- 
ton into M^ Cooper's Warehouse. 

Six Tierces sugar B^ Parsons out of Thwing landed & put into M^ 
Lillies Warehouse. 

23 M^ Hall & 1SI\ Rankin came in from Xuma. 

I weighed to M' Tho. Cooper 4 Mi'^'' B' parson's & one Mi W~ 
Gerrish's Sugar. 

24 M' Rich'' Foster came in from Salturtootha. 

25 This morning betw. 12 & one, a fire broke out in Boston, in y® 
Lane opposite to Halsy's Wharf e, it benan in one Holt's House a 
Baker. & proceeded up*^^ y^ lane, one House being blown up below 
& Giles Fyfields house above stopt it (w'!' Gods blessing) so as to 

bui*n down only 3 houses, w*^'' w* 2 blown up 5 in all 

were destroyed, liow this fire was first kindled, is not known ; 

In blowing up one House David Edw''.'' Arm was brok ; & one Whit- 

terige a stout Seaman so bruised y' he is said this day to be near death, 

this was don by y^ fall of timbers upon them. 

June 1 1 Their Maj*'"^ Fleet consisting of about 17 Saile of Men of 
Warre & Tenders, under y* Comand of S-' Fra : Wheeler General, ar- 
rived here from Martinico. 

July 5 Commeucem* 

6 A Fast at the old Church. 

August 2 S; Francis Wheeler & y* fleet sailed hence. 
1694 

April 2 Major Jn" Richards of Boston dyed suddenly, being in 



25 

health (to appearance) a moment before : being opened his Vitals ap- 
peared Very sound. 

April 6 Maj; Richards was buryed at y* North burj'ing place with 
the foot Regiment attending the funeral. 

9 S: W'V Phips Sailed from Boston in a Brigantine bound to the 
Eastward. 

22 Cap' Benj? Gillam Command' of Ship Prud' Sarah, arrived 
here from London. 

30 Raine began, being Munday, Wind at E. & N. E. continued till 
Thursday foil, much Raine fell in y'^ time Little or no Raine having 
fallen in a month before. 

May 7 D"- Daniel Allen, a true Lover of his Country & most Loyal 
to the Crown of England, Learned, Wise, Humble pious, most true to 
his friend, the approved, able and beloved physician &c. Sickned Sat- 
urday the 28* day of April in y*^ night, and dyed this day being Mun- 
day, to the universall grief e of all good men who were acquainted with 
his worth. 

8 Jn° Tenny & M^ Bishop sailed for Montserat 
Jai'is for Nevis. 

Jos. Arnald for Antigua. [The rest of this line is in cypher ; and 
for a translation, see note, page 18, ante.^ 

9 Dr Allen buryed, 

6 Cap! Horton in ship Tryal who came out in Company with Cap' 
Gillam arrived this day. 

4 M' Brenton set out for Road-Iland, a privatier one Cap' Too, 
arrived there April 28'!' with much treasure y' Dep. Collecf; Seized y*" 
Sloop, & gave notice of it to y*" Collect' w''^ occasioned his going thither. 

May 10 M" Jose went tow? Pascataq, this day, her son Richard Lee 
sent to our House, there to stay till her return. 

23 S' W™ Phipps arrived from pemiquid. 
June 2 M" Jose returned. 

12 Eclips of the sun, a clear day. 

Cap' Wing sent his Daughter to Warn me out of his house 
19 Cap' Dagget saild for London. 

22 Jur Phillips & his B' Sam. philips saild in a sloop for Bristoll. 
Genl' Court adjourned to y^ first Wedensday in 7ber. 
16 My Daughter Abigail wife of James Whippo delivered of a Son 
at Barnstable about Noon, y* next day baptized by y^ name of Laurence. 

24 My Daughter Elizabeth wife of Tho. Pierson deliv'ed of a 
Daughter, who was Baptized Elizabeth by M' Morton the first day of 
July foil, at Charlestown [A line in cypher ; and for a translation, see 
note, page 18, ante.^ 

25 
26 

July 18 In y' morning a little before day, The Indians fell upon & 

4 



>- Gen" Training at Charlestown. 



26 

destroyed y*^ Village called Oyster river [Durham] in y- province of 
New Hampshire, Killed above 50 persons, & many Carried away, & 
burnt most of y* Houses. 

2 or 3 dayes after a party came down within 2 miles of Strawberry 
bank [Portsmouth, N. H.], & Killd y" Widow of M^ Jn° Cutt & a Negro 
man, & wounded another negro ; 

20 S!' W? Phips Sailed in y« Galley to y" Eastward. 

27 The Indians Set upon Groton burnt 2 Houses, kild 22 persons 
found dead, 13 more missing, they were pursued by about 100 Horse 
but they returned without finding them.^ 

Aug- 2 S' W"" Phips returned home from Pemaquid. Indians all 
gon from those parts. &c. 

Wind at N. E. & E. cloudy & misty all night, foggy in the morning, 
w''*' soon turnd to raine ; We had abundance of raine this day by 
many great showers w"' thunder & Lightning, y'' raine continued more 
or less all night. 

4 The sun shined a little this morning ; but y^ clouds returned, & it 
rained very often in y" day, at Evening y^ raine set in againe & con- 
tinued all night with a very great Storm of Wind at N. PI 

5 Sabbath day a clear, hot, sunshine day. This raine is Judged very 
seasonable for y® grass & Indian Corn w*:*^ in many places was Languish- 
ing for want of Raine 

This Evening Cap! Fox's child was baptized (named John) by 
M' Hatten at Cap' Fox's House, Godfathers Ml" Ja : La-blond & M' 
Sherloe Godmother the Wife of M!' Tippet. 

M'? Fox was delivered July 29* about 6 o clock in y® morning being 
y'' last Sabbath. 

7 Eben : Orton & Tho : Fowler this day signed Coven*.' y^ s!^ orton 
to build the s'^ Fowler a Barque at Hingham, according to y'' Coven'.^ 
agreed on ; I drew y'' Writings, & met the parties at y*^ Exchange 
Tavern betw : one & two afternoon, y^ writings being signed, Sealed & 
deliv'ed in y* p'sence of Mr Sam. Shrimpton & myself Witnesses ; the 
s^ Fowler paid Said Orton £20.0.0 in good ps of eight w'=.*' s? Orton 
rec'^ of him in my presence. I left them at y^ sl^ Tavern ; towards 
night, y^ s^ Eben : Orton & his wife went on board a Sloop bound for 
Hingham, but having saild part of y* way y"^ wind not faire, they re- 
turned tow*^.* Boston, & came near y^ shoar on y*" south side of the Town, 
& there y'' boom struck s? Orton overboard, & he was there drowned, 
this was about nine at night ; the next morning he was found, w'.'^ y" 
money in his pocket. 

1 Judge Sewall, in his Diary (Mass. Hist. Coll. 5th series, vol. v. p. 391), smjs 
in regard to this assault : " Friday, July 27. Groton set upon by the Indians, 21 
persons kill'd, 13 captivated, 3 badly wounded " ; and tlie Reverend John Pike, in 
his Journal (Proceedings, vol. xiv. p. 128), has the following: "July 27. The 
enemy fell upon Groton ab' day-break, killed 22 persons & Captivated 13." 



27 

August 8 Their Maj"''' Galley Called the Newport, and Cap' Jn"- Foy 
arrived from England this day ; they parted with another Frif>;got & 
two Masts ships bound for pascatq, the 4*1* instant. Cap' Packston 
Comands the Galley. 

Cap' Sewell & Maj' Townsend departed hence for Newyork y"" 6"' in- 
stant, to meet w'!* Colonel Pinchon who are here appointed to Joyn 
w* Colonel Fletcher in a treaty with the Maques [Mohawks] about a 
firm peace. 

April 7*!^ 1691. 

Then Received of Laur. Hammond, by the order of Abigail Rogers 
of Billerica, One Deed of sale, of 12 Acres & ^ of land lying in 
Charlestowne, from John Cutler senr of Charlestown, to William Rogers, 
sonn of William Rogers late of Charlestown dec*^ under y" hand & seal 
of y*" said John Cutler, bearing date y*" 20"" day of June 1690. in pres- 
ence of Nathaniel Dowse & Laur. Hammond, Witnesses. I say 
rec'' by me. Danil Gould 

1677 A memoriall of Mortality, being an Acco* of the Death's of 
Persons in New-England, concerning w""?* some I'emarkable 
Circumstances attend the same, & Especially of such growne 
persons who have dyed in Charlestowne ; beginiug w"" y*^ 
yeare 1677. 

March 17 D^ Sam. Alcock, of Boston, after long languishing, Dyed. 

May 14 M'' David Anderson, Commander of Ship Blessing, bound 
home from London, dyed neer this land, buryed on shore at his funeral, 
24 Guns fired from y° ship & 12 fro y* Towne 

June 15 Francis Willoughby, youngest son of Fra. Willoughby Esq,, 
coming from London in Cap' Jenner, dyed at sea, w'l' y'^ smallpox. 

July 17 Two men kild by Lightning, one at Topsfield & another at 
Wenham. 

July 18 Skipper How returned, after a wonderful 1 preservation at 
Sea, five persons dying on board & upon a desolate Hand upon w'.'' he 
was cast, all perishing Except himselfe. 

Aug 5 M^ Rich*^ Sharp of Boston, who came in well from sea on 
y*" 2^ instant, dyed of a viol' distemper, poyson suspected. 

6 M^ Jn? Lake of Boston, dyed, whose will M"^ Sharp aforenamed 
wrot y*" 4'f' instant ; but dyed before y*" Testato": 

27 Isaac Foul's Daughter about 4 yeares old, was Drowned in Josh. 
Ednmnd's well. 

2S Tom my Negro-man, dyed w'."* the smallpox. 

Si'pt' 9 W'" Willoughby, dyed of the small-pox. 

M'' Jos. Brown's Negro-woman, Rose, dyed of y*" small-pox. 

13 Tlio. Mousal's wife dyed of a feaver &c. 

21 John Edmunds, dyed of a consumption. 



28 



22 John Caudag's daughter dyed of y" smallpox. 
28 M' Jn*? Anderson of Boston, Shipwright, dyed. 
Oct. 8 Phebe Richardson, of Cap' Hinchman's family, dyed of y*" 
small-pox. 

10 Acco* brought of the death of M^ Benj? Gibbs, late of boston 
slaine by his own Indian in y^ bay of Campech. 

11 M? Rawson, the wife of M' Edw. Rawson, after some time of 
sicknes, dyed. 

15 The wife of Lieu? Ted, after long sicknes, dyed. 

17 The maid of M' Tho. Graves in this Towne, dyed of y" smallpox. 
Nov. 6 Ensign W™ Fletcher of Chelmsford, dyed of Gripings. 

12 Sarah Tredway, M' Graves other maid, dyed of y" smallpox. 

16 John Tomlin of Boston, under discontent, Hanged Himselfe. 

20 GoodiTi. Williams of Boston, an aged man, cut his owne throat 
& dyed. 

M"^ Mather this day informed me, that in Plimouth Colonie, about a 
month agoe, an English Woman, said to have had 19 children, & w*.^ 
child of y® 20"' & two Indians, murthered themselves. 

25 Jn° Upham, a Sojourn- at Jn° Mousal's, dyed of ye Smallpox. 

28 Jn9 Dowse of Charlestowne, dyed of y*" Smallpox. 
Decemb. 9 W'? Johnson, an aged man of Charlestowne, dyed. 
10 Tho. Larkin, dyed of y® Small-pox. 

Jn*? Dexter of Maiden shot by Cap' Sam. Hunting of Charlestown 
whereof he dyed, it was by accident done y'' last week. 

12 A new borne child found in Boston-Dock, w*^.'' had been 
murthered. 

16 W. Sheaf's wife, dyed of y" Smallpox. 

22 M"^ Tho. S/iepard, y" Reverend & super-Eminent Teacher of this 
church, dyed of y^ small-pox. 

29 John Poor's wife dyed of y^ smallpox. 

The Mate of a Ketch, under saile in Boston Harbour, fell overboard 
& was drowned. 

Janua : 1 Jn? Burrage Junior, dyed of y* small-pox. 
2 W" Brown Senior, his child, dyed of y'^ smallpox. 
7 Zech. Foule, dyed of the small-pox. 

16 D! Sam. Brackenbury of Boston, dyed of y*" smallpox. 

17 M? Norton, widow of M- Jn° Norton of Boston, dyed of an 
Appoplexy. 

M"" Alex. Adams, of Boston, dyed y*" 15'.'^ instant. 

18 Mary Keyes, Nath. Frothingham's maid, dyed of y*" small-pox. 
22 M'^^' Howard, Maj. Willard's daughter & Nath. Howard's wife, dyed. 

30 Mary, y*" widow of Zech. Foule, died of y'' small-pox. 

Febr. 6 M' Antho. Checkly's wife of Boston, dyed, being in trouble 
of mind refused to eat. 

17 Jn? Larkin, after 13 weekes illnes of y" smallpox &c. dyed. 



29 

28 Deborah Long, daughter of Mich. Long, dyed of y*" smallpox. 
March 8 Old Father Jones, near 90 yeares of age, dyed. 

10 M- Jos. Lynde's Indian dyed of y^ smallpox. 
18 Jn° Bacon's child dyed of y*" smallpox. 

Old widow Cutler dyed w*^ Distempers of old age. 
1678 

March 20 Jn° Bacon's wife dyed. 

25 Hannah Kettle, daughter of Jos Kettle dyed of the smallpox. 
April 4 Jn? Lowden, who hath stood for some time Excomunicated, 

dyed. 

5 M^ Josiah Allen, a Merch' in Boston, being on board Cap' Benj. 
Gillam's great ship, was shot to death by a fouling piece, accidentally 
firing in a boat, going off y" ship side. 

7 Jn° Newel's child dyed of y*" smallpox. 

Jn° Bacon, dyed of y*" smallpox. 

13 Nath. Rand's wife, dyed of y" small pox. 

18 Widow Barret's child dyed of y" smallpox. 

M" Newman, Minister at Rthoboth, dyed since this month began. 

26 Tho. Tarbal ^ dyed of y*" smallpox. 

29 M"^ Hay man's Negro man, dyed ; He well on Saturday fore- 
noone, Drunk in y*^ Afternoone, taken w".' an Exceeding swelling in & 
about his Cods on y" Sabbath, & dyed ys morn? 

May 1 Mr Sam. Ballat's wife dyed of y*^ small-pox. 
Sarah Osburne dyed of y"" smallpox. 

9 Mf Jos. Browne (lately removed hence to Boston) dyed, having 
been for some time ill. 

13 M!^ Jn° Lake's widow dyed in Boston of y" smallpox ; 

17 M"^.^ Starre, formerly Gatliefe of Boston, dyed of y"^ small-pox. 
23 W" Goose, Junior dyed at Sea on board one Johnson, coming 

from Loudon, the ship came in this day ; he dyed of y" smallpox. 
28 Ezek. Hamblin's child, dyed of y" smalipox. 

30 Ezek. Hamblin's child (viz. another) dyed of y*" smallpox. 
Sarah Sawyer, M'' Green's maid, dyed of y*" smallpox, or pestilentiall 

feaver, in a strange manner ; it was on y*" 29'^ instant. 
June 6 Sam. Carter Junior, dyed of y" smallpox. 
9 Ursula Cole, y*" wife of Jn? Cole sen!^ dyed of a feaver. 

11 Old Goodm Tarbal,^ & y" wife of Jn° Cole Junr & her child born 
yesterday, dyed of y® small pox. 

18 Newes of a Woman & two children murthered by Indians about 
New-London. 

1 Tliomas Tarbell, Jr., a former resident of Groton, but who after tlie destruc- 
tion of tliat town by the Indians on Marcli 13, 1676, had removed to Chnrlestown. 
Thomas, the father, died seven weeks later, also at Charlestovvn, on June 11 ; and 
they both were original proprietors of Groton. 



30 

June 19 Three Indians of Natik kild by y*" Mohawkes, & divers 
captiv'd. 

30 Cap' Tho. Clerk, Ironmonger in Boston dyed. 

July 4 M"" Timo. Symmes dyed of y*" small-pox. 

15 M'* Marshal, wife of M'' W° Marshal, dyed of y*" smallpox. 

Aug. 6 Henry Swaine's wife dyed of y" smallpox. 



The following receipts are of interest, as showing the crude 
ideas that prevailed more than two centuries ago, here and 
elsewhere, in regard to medical therapeutics. 

Physical Receipts. 
For Comforting the Head & Braine. 

Take Rosemary & Sage of both sorts of both, w* flowers of Rose- 
mary if to be had, & Borage w*.** y'' flowers. Infuse in Muscadine or in 
good Canary 3 dayes, drink it often. 

The fat of a Hedg-hog roasted drop it into the Eare, is an Excel- 
lent remedy against deafnes. 

Also a Clove of Garlick, make holes in it, dip it in Honey, & put it 
into the Eare at night going to bed, first on one side, then on the other 
for 8 or 9 dayes together, keeping in y" Eares black wooll. 

An Excellent water for y^ Eyes. 

Take Sage, Fennel, Vervain, Bettony, Eyebright, Celandine, Cinque- 
foyle, Herb of grass, pimpernel, Steep them in White wine one night, 
distill all together, & use the water to wash the Eyes. 

The juice of Eyebright is Excellent for y*" sight. 

Another. 

Take good White wine. Infuse Eyebright in it 3 dayes, then Seeth 
it-w*!^ a little Rosemary in it, drink it often, it is most Excellent to re- 
store & Strengthen the sight. Also Eate of the powder of Eyebright 
in a new layd Egge rare roasted every morning. 

Another. 

Take Fennel, Anniseed & Elicompaine, dry & powder them, mix it 
with good Nants-brandy, & dry it againe : Every morning & Evening 
eate a pretty quantity it is Excellent for y*" sight. 



31 



A Medicine to recover t"^ Colour & Complexion 

WHEN LOST BY SiCKNES. 

Take two quarts of Rosewater red, take five pounds of clean White 
"Wheat, put it into y'' Rosewater, Let it Lie till the Wheate hath 
soaked up all y*" Liquor, then take the Wheat & beat it in a mortar all 
to mash. 

Nettle Seeds bruised & drank in White Wine is Excellent for the 
Gravel. 

For Hoarsnes. 

Take 3 or 4 figs, cleave them in two, put in a pretty quantity of 
Ginger in powder, roast them & Eate them often. 

For the Palsey. 

Take a pint of good Mustard, dry it in y'^ Oven till it be as thick as a 
pudding, then dry it over a Chafing dish of Coales till it may be beaton 
to powder mix w'!" it a haudfull of powder of Bettony leaves, put som 
Sugar to it & Eate it every morning. 

For the Megrum. 

Mugwort & Sage a handfull of each, Caraomel & Gentian a good 
quantity, boyle it in Honey, & apply it behind & on both sides y'' Head 
very warm, & in 3 or 4 times it will take it quite away. 



/4^' 



\