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Full text of "The diary of Matthew Patten of Bedford, N.H"

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A. 



THE DIARY 

OF 

MATTHEW PATTEN 

Of Bedford, N. H. 



From Seventeen Hundred Fifty-four to 
Seventeen Hundred Eighty-eight 



PUBLISHED BY THE TOWN 



CONCORD, N. H. 

THE RUMFORD printing COMPANY 

1903 



&3P^ 









MATTHEW PATTEN'S DIARY 



Oue of the early settlers in Bedford was Matthew Patten, who was born 
in Ireland, May 19, 1719, and moved to this country in 1728. He came to 
Soiihegan-East in 1738 ; was judge of probate in this county, being ap- 
pointed to that office in 1776. He represented the towns of Bedford and 
Merrimack in the general court in 1776 and 1777 ; was one of the governor's 
council in 1778 ; was appointed justice of the peace about 1751, and con- 
tinued in that office until his death, August 37, 1795. He died in a field 
near the south part of the town. The men were mowing, and he went to 
carry them their dinner. Being somewhat fatigued, he sat down under a 

where in a short time he was found dead. y> , ., 

He had always kept a diary. After his death, this remained in the pos- " 
session of his daughters, Sarah and Polly Patten. They gave it to Dr. 
Peter P. Woodbury about the year 1850, or rather they gave to him that 
portion of the diary which then remained, for the earlier pages from its 
beginning down to about 1754 had been lost. Dr. Woodbury preserved 
this diary until his death in 1860, when it continued in the possession of 
his family until the present time. Its merits were so much appreciated 
by the town, as a record of its earliest settlement, that the sum of $500 
was appropriated for its publication, and the comraittee who were charged 
^vith the publication of the town's history were entrusted with the duty of 
piiblishing this diary. 

The diary was written upon pages of white writing paper, six inches 
long by three and a half inches wide, and in so fine a hand that upon some 
of them more than four hundred words are to be found. The leaves were 
folded, three sheets within another, making sixteen pages to a "book." 
At the top of the first page of each of these books was written : "A Day 
Book continued. Etc.," which will explain the regular recurrence of that 
expression throughout the foUoAving print. All these sixteen-page books 
are skilfully bound together with strong linen thread, natural color. The 
writing is remarkably well preserved and legible, considering its fineness. 



y 



Copy of Matthew Patten's Diary 



(1754) 

18"^ Finished niakeiiig sashes being 133 squares 

19*'^ Made a book ciibbard a ^ 

20"^ Went to Londonderry to decide the controversie between Tho" Hall 
and Joshua FoUensbe but was disappointed by reason of Lieut not Conieing 

2P' Was at James and John Andersons and Tarried all night 

22'^ went to Joseph Kidders and got three bushells of Malt and was 
obliged to leave }'2 bushel of ground malt because the bag would not hold it 

24"^ sold my houseing and houlding for seventy five pounds brot 

3 hundred and ^^ inches of pine staves and had it hauled up to the 

Rodgers 

Mr Kennedy Came with a Dun and I gave up mine 

away 

JULY 

I made a smoothing plain for John and a fore plain for Rob* 

Walker 

Benj" Linkfield and I workt with William Barnet 

Went to Capt Gofies to arbitrate between Tho" Hall and Joshua Folensbe 

Benj" Linkfield and my oxn workt at the highway with Will'" Barnet 

5th Concluded on a judgment but did not Draw it in writing for the 
Court was to meet again to do it but no time appointed to do it nor place 

6"^ Got over a stock of white pine boards over Merrymac river from 
Cap' Goffes mill measuring 520 feet and brought 4 boards home 

7"^ heard Mr Butler preach at Mr in Derryfield in the forenoon 

he preached from John 14 and (i and in the afternoon From Matth" (> & 
33 verse 

8*'^ set out for Haverhill to bring salt and Lodged with Mr Wi]^ 

in Haverhill John Goffe Jun"^ that day which was O £ 



9*'' set out home with 2)2 5 pair of brass Hinges 2 bush 14 

fish Hooks pd Mr Will"' — of Loiderry 1-11-0 I owed him for I 

had of him last year and reed of Cap* Goffe Old Tenor on the &"' day 

10"' lay all day being 

11"' Gave Benj" Yickery Elias Dickey for a syth 

15"' Took 4 bushel of rie to mill and went along with David burns to 

'These omissions are due to torn maauscript, or being so badly worn as to be 
illegible. 



b MATTHEW PATTEN S DIARY. 

show him the third Division no one John B and Francis Dimond 

being in company and Found about Two Thousand of shingles made on it 
and they helped me biindle them up and DiuKjnd Came with his oxon to 
hauU them away biit was Disappointed by W'" Howard who made them 
agreeing to pay 3 pound Old Tenor in September next 

(1754) 

16"^ Took a Note from William Howard for three pound old Tenor to be 
paid me 15th of next Sept' 

IS*" Lent Will'" Holms six treas fiill of Rie 

20"^ Mary Linn went home 

2i6t ]V£r MacGregore preached in Bedford on the 1(55 verse of ye 11!) 
Psalm and Baptized our third cliild named Matthew 

22 & 23'' Benj'^ Linkfield and I workt at Jerret Rowans 

Clapboards and 

25*'' Sold My Gun to Sam" Martain for twenty pounds New Tenor on 
Demand with interest till paid and got John Maclaughlin Gun on Tryal 

26"' Sent Benj" Linkfield to L: Derry to Fetch my Grindston and to 
Mrs Cochrane to get something for suses toe and Got a poltice and some 
salve and brought home the Grindstone and I went along with Cap' Goffe 
to run the lines of Cap' Parkers lot No 7 in the 11 Rang and was more 
than half a day 

28"' Mr Houstoue Pi'eached in Bedford From the 14th Verse of the 25th 
Psalm The servant of tlie Lord is with them that fear him and he will 
shew them his Covenants 

29"' W'" Moors boy Took away a table I had made f(ir him of which he 
had paid twenty shillings before 

30"' my wife and I went to Londonderry to see her mother who fell the 
sabath before and Disjoynted her wrist of her left hand and Changed an 
Eight pound bill at Cap' Goffes and paid 3-11-8 for Cap' Goffes and John 
Goifes and a bole of rum I had when my Brother and I took loges to the 
river and a jill of rum this day 

AUGUST FIRST 

Returned home again and Will'" Rodger Eight shillings for hauling on 
white pine Log from the river to the Mill had Jerret Rowan and his wife 
and Smith Kennedy Juu'' wife helping me reap rie 

2'' Had the same hands helping me reap and Finish had 29 stooks 

3'' Got in my rie and Finished pooling Flax 

4"' Mr McClintock preached in Bedford from Colocians 3 & 3 — For ye 
and Dead and your life is hid with Christ in God 

6"' reed eight pounds one shilling and ten pence half penny from John 
Quig and the intrest Due on it and of the payments made last on the bond 
and paid Mary Linn eight pound and sent eight pound along with John 
Quig to Rhod Island to Change for New Hamp'' money and sent Benj" 
Linkfield to Moors with Four bushel of Rie 

7"' I went and fetched the meal home from james Moors 

8"' Robert Walker paid me for a fore plain and paid me three shillings 
over 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 7 

11"! Mr Butler preached in Derryfield at Mr Stevens Barn From Isaiah 
the 61 and 2'': — To Proclaim tlie acceptable year of y Lord and the day of 
Vengeance of onr God to Comfort all that Moiuni 

12*'' paid W" Thompson for his wifes weaving 4 £ 

13*'! Andi-ew Walker Gave me six pound old Tenor to give Ganin Riddel 
and alowed me to pay him six shillings more on his accoimt and Finished 
an oval Table for my Brother sam''^ wife 

Ifi"' Began to mow my Meadow 

18"' Mr Houston Preaclied in Bedford from the 3^' Chapter of y" first 
Epistle General of John and the Former part of y"^ 23'' Verse 

2P' Paid Francis Barnet 7 £ old Tenor being eleven shillings more than 
I owed him for makeing shoes 

26"> went to Lichfield and got 1>2 bushels Indian corn from sam" Gibson 
on account of what he owed me and Got a half bushel at Harvill and paid 
him Fifteen shillings for it paid him for one Night Entertainment I had 
there in the spring before or last spring 

27"* had a tooth pulled out Lieu' Barron 

2S"* Paid James Kennedy six pound and being all I owed him except six 
shillings more 

29"! had my Gun New BiTSs't & a new worm From sam" Woods 

30"> Drew a bill of sale of David Smiths goods to sam" Vose From John 
Smith his Father and Got a hay Fork and ring from James Kennedy 

3lst Went to Cap' Goffes and signed our Judgement concerning Tho" 
Hall and Joshua Follensbe 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

Mr. Houston Lectured in the forenoon on the first 9 verses of the 5"' 
Chapter of Matthew and Preached in the afternoon From the eighteenth 
Verse of the Fourth Chapter of the First Epistle of John 

S'i I had my mar shod with James Kennedy he found two new shoes and 
Got a Quart of Rum from Cap' Goff'e and paid Fifteen shillings for it and 
Finished mowing my meadow 

5"' Got Five cocks of hay in that I cut at David Smiths yard and Benj" 
Linkfield and I went up to Jerret Rowans and helped about Bolting Clap- 
boards stuff: Bandied up some shingles in order to Draw away on the next 
morning and Benj" stayed all night 

6"! went away to Chester to Fetch home two Calf skins I had Curried 
there and Took a Cow hide that Lieu' Barron Tanned — it weighed 9^4 to 
Mr Roby in Chester to be Curried & Brought my Calfs skins but had not 
Change to pay for them the coast of Currieing was Fifteen shillings and 
was paid to the Currier by Cap' Talford 

8"' Mr McClintock preached in Bedford From Hebrews y^' 4"' and 16 

9"' Surveyed 2()50 feet of Boards for John Bell Jun"- from Eleazar Wells 
Took more than half a day and peiced the stock of gun for James Boyes 
Juu"' of Londonderry and Charged Twelve shillings and he paid me Eigh- 
teen pence toward it 

12"' Finished stocking a gun for John Anderson Jun'' of Londonderry 
and Charged him Three pounds Five shillijigs old Tenor for it 



8 MATTHEW PATTEN S DTAKY. 

15"^ Mr McClintock Discoursed From the Fii-st 13 verses in the 25"> 
Chapter of Math^^'- Gospel Being the parable of the Ten Virgins and made 
ten observations from it 

16"^ Benj" Linkfield Thrashed Rie and I Began to make a Fram for Mrs 
Chandlers lookingGlass 

17th Finished the lookingglass Fram and benj" Linkfield went to Lon- 
donderry to see the training and to Fetch from Widow Greggs one Bar of 
Iron one set of Cart Boxes and two Grave stones for my Fathers Grave 
and sent 3 £ to pay for the Carting and to buy 3 pounds of Lead 

18"' Benj" Linkfield came home and brought home one barr of iron one 
set of Cart Boxes and two Grave Stones and he paid Widow Gregg l"'-15''-0'i 
for the Carting from Haverhil and a grindstone 

IQt" James Kennedy mended the hook of Colter that goes into the Shear 
and Benj" began to plough to sow rie 

20tii went to Alex'' McMurphys mill and got Four Bushels of new rie 
ground 

2P' Got James Linn to kill a heifer which weighed 340 beaf and 43 hide 
10 3-4 of Talow and sold James Kennedy 26 £ of beaf at 1/6 shilling per £ 
and sold Will'" Holms 29 £ of beaf a Ditto 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED AND 



NOVEMBER 18"' Gathered together W"' Barrs John Bells Richard Mac- 
alesters and Jerret Rowans oxen and Rowan himself in Order to break up 
and it proved a rainy day that we Could not 

19"' Did break up and had John Bells and Jei-ret Rowans Richard INIac- 
alester Will'" Pettersons and Matthe"' Littles oxen and Rowan and John 
Parker helping me and had Will'" Holms Plow and Let Richard Macaleaster 
have 2"'-5**-6'' old Tenor on Rowans account and went to Will"' Moors and 
2 Quarts of Herds grass seed and all the Red Top seed he had and is to give 
him 2'i'-l>-0^ for the Red Top seed and one sheep skin of him and took a 
bond of Andrew Bradfords for 30 £ 

20"' broke up and had all the oxen I had the day before but John Bells 
and had my Brothers in their room and my Brothers boy & his plow broke 
a chain of Rowans and Got a new Link put in its room 

25"' went to Miller Moors and got 2 bushels of Indian and IK, of wheat 
ground and went and showed Robert Neasmith n" one a Third Division 

26"' went a hunting a killed Two Bucks and lay at Will"' Macdowells 

27"' Hunted all day but got nothing and sold u" one to Rob' Neasmith 
For Two Hundred Pounds old Tenor and gave him a deed and Took his 
and John Thomas^ Bond for the money to be paid April P' 1755 

28"' Being Thanksgiving 

30"' Hunted and Catched a Sable 

DECEMBER FIRST 

Mr Houston Preached in Bedford From Epheseans the second and first 
verse 

2'^ Killed my Hoggs which weighed 411 £ 
3<i set out for Boston 
7"' returned home again 



MATTHEW I'ATTEX'S DIARY:. 9 

10"^ reed 66 £ silver inouey and 4 lbs paper money and 0-5-7 silver From 
Rob' Neasmith beini? 101) lbs old Tenor Dollars at 3-5-0 and struck oft" the 
lutrest from the R'auainder of his Bond till the 32'' of July 

16 went to Gan Riddels and Got a tree for sledge sides and Rowan 
Drawed into the mill 

17th ^yent and sawed three sides 

19"^ Rob' Willson of Boston was at my house and Gave me power of 
attorney to sell Joseph Linns Right in Bedford and set up Advertise- 
ments for that end 

20'^ paid Lieu' Barron 8-0-0 old Tenor and went & Divided 12 acres of 
Richard Macallesters mill lot to his son Archibald 

23'''' went to Litchfield and Merrymac and altered the Advertisements 
for ye sale of Linns Land From W" Holms to John Goffe Esq'' at Two of 
the Clock Afternoon 

24"^ went to James Karrs and brought my steel Trap to Francis Bar- 
netts & Bought Two Sable skins from Noah Kidder and Company For 2 
£ silver and paid Jotham Tuttle 1-12-6 in silver & 7V6 (he owed me by 
the remainder of silver Buckles and writing a Deed being 11^ of our old 
Tenor) For Two Rackoon skins 

25"^ I Fixt in a gun lock for Rob' Giftin and Charged 5V and made a side 
to my timber sledge and John Burns Jun'' Brought a Gun of John Kar- 
sons to be stocked 

26"^ went to Merrj-mac to Divide Joel Dixs estate but was misput by 
reason Cap' Chamerlin would not come And AVill'" Read promised to pay 
the one half of my wages and James Gillmor and Peter Rusel the other 
half and made a squar for John Bell and Charged Ten Shillings 

27"' Let Benj" Smith have 5"'-4'^-0'' New Hampshire money 

30"' Finished makeing a wood sledge 

3P' went to Francis Barnetts and got the remainder of my sole Leather 
and upper Leather and Carried it to Noah Thayers to Get a pair of shoes 
made for Cutting and John 

On the 30"' ^^^.•it Two Deeds and Two Bonds for Richard Macallester and 
Charged 1-0-0 Old Tenor 

JANUARY FIRST 1755 

Finished stocking of a Gun for Rob' Mack 

3'' Noah Thayer brought John a pair of pumps and Benj" went with 
oiir Oxen and sledge to the Great Meadow and Got the load as far as John 
Bells and he and the oxen went home with Thayer and took the load hom 
the next morning and I went to Miller Moors and Got Two Bushel of 
Indian Corn and Two Bushel of Turkey wheat Ground 

4"' went to Maj"" Goft'es and got IK bushells of Rie ground 

6"' Katrine Little Came to spin at our house and I bought Two sable 
skins from John Little and paid him 2-0-6 silver money for them and 
Benj" went to the Great Meadows for liay for noah Thayer with the oxen 
and UK'ar 

7"' Benj" went to y^' Great Meadow and Katrine Little went away at 
noon to see her father who had broke his arm and bought Three sable 
skins from Tho" Miller and gave him 2-7-0 silver for them. 



10 



I 

J 

MATTHEW patten's DIAIIY. 



S^^ Peiced a stock of a Guu for Will'" Mack aii'l Charged Mm 1-0-0 
which he paid 

9"^ Swaped Biikles ^vith W" Mack aud was to have 3-10-0 to Boot 
2-0-0 of which he paid me and weut to Litchfield aud boiight 8:0:0 
pounds worth of coru aud brought away 41.2 bushels at 1-0-0 p'' bushel 
aud bought oue fox skiu & oue rackoou skiu from Beuj" Blodget sou aud 
gave him 1-13-9 silver for them 

IQth "weut to Litchfield aud brought away SH Bushels of Indian corn 
aud Will'" Read being the remainder of the 8-0-0 worth I bought of him 
aud bought Two Fox skins and a Rackoou skin from James Underwood 
for l^o dollar 

11*1' Brought home 21 yds of cloath from Mary Burns aud killed Two 
yearling Biicks 

13*'> sent a pair of Two year old Stears to Johu Smirlis in New Boston 
(and a yearling Heifer to his father Macueal to winter out) by Rob* Coch- 
rane and M^ Will'" Staineal 

14*'' -went to Litchfield to buy corn but Got none aud boiight a Gray 
Fox skin from Sam" Moor and Gave 15V for it and swaped horses with 
Sam" Boyes and and Gave 1 £ to boot and released W'" Mack of his 
Buckles aud he Gave me 10*/ 

15th -^eut. along ^^-ith Will"' Holms to Justice Goffes to speak to a case 
he had with Sam" Sinkler but Sinkler was Defaulted and Benj" and oxen 
helped Rob' Holms ro Draw logs 

16"' Benj" & oxen helped Rob' Holms to Draw logs and I hunted and 
bought two sable skins from page aud kidder 

17"> Hunted and Broke a Bucks leg and sold Two steel Traps to Tho* 
Kennedy for 5 red Fox skins three of which he promised to pay me Do'wn 
and the other two this winter if he Catched 3 more & had a sable skin 
from Noah Thayer 

IS"' Catched the Buck that I had leg Brok the day before aud reed by 
John Moor a sable skin I had bought of James Mauneley on the 10"' iust 

19"' ]Mr jNIcClintock Lectui-ed in the Forenoon on Fu-st 5 verses of the 
First Chapter of Johns Gospel and preached in the afternoon on the 12"' 
Chapter of Eccliasties First verse 

2P' went to IMaj'' Goffes and Yeudued The Third Division lot belonging 
to Joseph Linus Right in Bedford to James Matthues for SV6*i p^ acre and 
adjotu-ned the vendue till the Tuesday the Foiirth day of Feb'J" uext at 
Two of the Clock in the Afternoon to Maj"^ Goffes & bought a gray fox 
skin from Sam" Killpatrick and James Wallace for 5V silver 

22'' went to Maj"^ Goffes and sawed two sticks of Cherry tree which 
made 4 plank and two boards and one maple log which made Three 
planks and two Boards and had ^o a mug of Flip and one Jill of Rum 

25"' Lent Dr Thornton 33 £ peice of gold and took his Note of hand for 
it on Demand aud James ^Macdugal brought me 7 £ of wool and one paper 
of ink powder which amounted to 2-15-(5 for which he reed a peice of gold 
33 £ old Tenor 

27"' had a steaple and ring mended by James Kennedy and reed a steel 
Trap From John Worthley and Took a note from him for as much Beaver 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 11 

as to make a hat on Demand for y"-' use of it for 4 Season being but half 
hire 

28*'^ Got a pair of shoes which sam" Petterson made me he found Thread 
and had the Leather from Matth'^' Little the upper Leather he owed me 
and the sole Leather I Borrowed from him and mj^ wife and I went to her 
Fathers 

29"^ I came home again and got 2^^ Gallon of Molasses from Cap' Mitch- 
els wife a 28V p' Gallon and Cleared out of Major Goff es for hoiise Expences 
Left 16V6'' in his hands 

30"> went to Merrymac to hear the Counterfitt money Money makers 
Tryal Tarryed over night at Widow Parkers 

.SI"*' Came to Cap' Cumings and reed a Deputation to apprehend some 
others suspected set out with Rob' Ushar W" Thorton W" Holms John 
Quig and sam' Patten and rid from a little after the moonrise all night 
and all the First day of February being Saterday 

FEBRUARY 

2'^ Mr McClintock Lectured on the 13"' & 14 verses of the First Chapter 
of Johns Gospel and preached in the afternoon on the fifteen th verse of 
the 7"' Chapter of y^' 2 Epistle to the Corinthians 

3"^ set out after midnight with Thomas McLaughlin and John Little to 
summon Aaron Quimby but mist of it he being obsconded summoned on 
Sabbath day John Stark John Quig Benj" Smith & W'" Moor to appear on 
Monday and somoned Nash and Caleb Eiuery Juu"" on Monday to appear 
Before Joseph Blanchard Esq"" 

4"' set out for merrymac rid all night and apprehended sam" Barnett 
and Rob' Giffin and David MacNight and summoned John Burns W"' 
Thornton James Wallace and had John Wason Andrew Bixby and sani'^ 
Patten and Joseph Thomas assistance 

8"^ attended on the aflfaii* of the counterfitt Money and gave in my 
aCcount to Mr. Parker to Carrie to Court 

10"' went Hugh Ridels to get him to Come to Maj"" Goffe to Draw writ- 
ings with Tho** Bigsby & John Bell about the meeting house for 130 £ old 
Tenor 

11"' Bargained with them and Drew the writings and Stayed at Gott'es 
all night 

12"' Came home and went in the afternoon and cut a red oak tree on Dr 
Millers Lot for slit work 

13"' went to Deacon Boies and became Dr to him for Five Pound on 
James Kennedys aCcount and Gave my note of hand as surety with 
James Kennedy for 33 £ old Tenor and sawed the red oak tree in cuts of 8 
feet long and let Jarret Rowan have Two bushel of Rie and one he had 
Before when John Quigs Barn was Frameing was all His Demand for him 
and his wife reaping for me last summer 

14"' went & halF in the red oak Log I cut the day Before and brought 
home 6 Boards from Macalesters mill and 3 slips sawed out of a slab 

15"' had my horse shoes sharpened and set by James Kennedy and 
Bought 3 sable skins for 2-18-0 one red fox skin for 1-0-0 one rackoon 



/ 



12 Mx\TTHEW I'ATTEX'S DIARY. 

skin for 15 V and one Black cats skin for 1-15-0 and a wild cats skin to 
CaiTie to sell from John Worthley 

16"^ Mr Houston Lectured in Bedford in the Forenoon from 1 of the 
song and the first 5 verses and preached in the afternoon from the 25"^ 
chapter of Isaiah and and the 4 verse (a Cover from the Tempest) 

17"^ paid John Worthly 6-10-0 being 2V toward the wild cats skin over 
the rest of the fur & James Kennedy brought his Gun to be stocked and 
■writ a Letter to Mr Rob' Willson and sent for }s of a hundred of Shiigar 
and J^ y'l spoted yarn by Hannah Barnett to Boston for which I gave her 
2 Dollars and set out -with Cap' Chaniberlin and went to Golf es and Starks 
ToAvn to apprehend Counterfitt Money makers travelled all night and got 
to MonterLoney by morning 

18"^ he apprehended Ephr"^ Martain and summoned Daniel and John 
Martain and I parted with Cap' Chaniberlin at Tho*^ Halls and I went to 
James Karrs and Got 2 sable skins from Praish Richardsons and Borrowed 
2 £ from AV" Read of Hamps'' money to give him 

19"* & 20"* Hunted but Got nothing and bought 2 sable skins from 
Fasett for 35V silver and reC' 2 Red fox skins from Tho'* Kennedy on the 
aCcount of the Traps I sold him 

22'i Had Will'" Holms & Will"' Petersons oxen helping me Haul Logs to 
the river and got 4 yelow pine logs and one white pine 

23'i Mr. Houston Preached in Bedford From the 8 of the Pi-ophesy of 
Isaiah and 7"' verse 

• 24"* Bought 2 sable skins and Three Musf(iuash From John Mash raid 
Gave him a Dollar for them 

25"* was Training in Bedford and Barron reed a Cap' Commission and 
John Moore Lieu' and John Goffe Ensign and I paid James Karr 1-15-0 
for Faset for two sable skins I had of him and paid Daniel Kendel 2-0-0 
New Hanip' money for Will'" Read which I Borrowed of s'' Read at Tho'' 
Halls to give to Parish Richardson 

26"* Sold a Buck skin to Joseph Thomas for 12 £ old Tenor and a Fawn 
skin for 3 £ to be paid in one month 

MARCH 

2*1 Mr Houston Lectured in Bedford in the forenoon on the Fu-st of the 
Song and on the 5 6 7 8 9 verses and preached in the afternoon From the 
7"^ of 2d Corinthians and 10 verse 

3^ Bought a sable skin from Cap' Bushnell and paid the money and got 
^<2 a Quire of paper from James Macdugall and James Kennedy had my 
Horse to Litchfield for Corn and to Miller Moors mill 

7"* Took a note of Joshua Martains for my two Traps and chains and 
three pounds of Beaver for the Loan of them 

8"* Finished stocking noah Thayers gun Carryed 8 Knots to Charles 
Kinersons To be turned into Dishes and Bought 3 sable skins from Cap* 
Perham and 4 Mink skins from his son for 2 £ silver money and one mink 
skin from James Peters and Benj" Kidder for 15^/ oui- money and endorsed 
the Back of the ^^Tit For Maj'^ Goffe to fill up to seize Sani'^ Martains Cow 
at Cap' Perhams 



• MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 13 

9"» Mr MacClintock Lectured in Bedford From the Fii\st of Johns Gos- 
pel and the 15-16-17 & 18"^ verses and Preached in the afternoon From the 
7th Qf 2<i Corinthians and the 10^'' verse 

10"' Let Joshua Martain have my two Traps and James Kennedj^ made 
me two Chains one of 4 feet and 4 inches and the other of 4 Feet and 8 
inches Long and James Macdngall broiight me a thu-ty three pound peice 
of gold out of which he owed me 30-4-6 but I could not give him his chang 

14tii Dj. Thornton paid me 11 Dollars and a pistol which he Bon-owed of 
me in January last on tlie 25"' day and Finished stocking of James Kenne- 
dys Gun 

17*'' went to Londonderry and Got a Cow Delivered to me by Nathaniel 
Martain for his brother Sam" and gave him his Brothers note & I was to 
pay the Cows keeping at Cap' Perhams and John Moor had my oxen 

IS"' Reed 8 Dollars From Rob* MacMurphy for to buy Cloath for a Coat 
and jackoat for James MacCurdy and Came home again and Gillmor had 
my oxen 

On the 13"! I paid Gan Riddel 1-4-0 old Tenor and 1-8-0 was offset by 
Noah Thayer Cleared him of Andrew Walkers money being 13V of my own 
which advanced 

19"' Charles Emerson Brought me home 11 Dishes he Tiu-nod for me 
and he Charged me 2-0-0 four shillings of which I had paid him before 
and went and got 3 knots up at Gan Riddels And our youngest Child was 
Taken sick a little before night very bad he Continued till Thursday about 
the middle of the afternoon and then Departed this Life He was thirteen 
months and 20 days old 

20*'' as above our Child Departed and before he Died I went to Charles 
Emersons with the three Knots I got the day before and Got a Cow from 
Cap* Perham which he had in Keeping for Samuel Martain and Gave him 
Sam" Martains order & became Dr to Cap* Perham 1-10-0 old Tenor for 
her keeping and bought 9 sable skins & one black cat skin from Jacob 
Jewel for 10 £/ on of the sable skins he was to bring to Mr Peters for me 

2P* Borrowed 4 Gallon and }.^ a pint of Rum of Maj'' Golfe and Interred 
the body of the Child at Three of the Clock afternoon John Little made 
the Coffin 

22'! paid Maj"" Goffe 1 gallon and 1 quai't & 1 pint of rum of the day 
befores borrowing 

26*'' was our annual town meeting I was chose surveyor of Timber and 
the meeting was adjourned to Saterday the 29*'' 

28*'' was our General Fast 

29*'' was Chose Town Clerk and the Town voted to give me 6 £/ old 
Tenor for what I should record for the town this year and was to find me 
paper to write the minut of the town on 

30*'' our son John was taken very bad in y^ forenoon so that we almost 
Dispaired of his life he was easier in the afternoon by Giving him Cham- 
ber Lie and Molassess sweet oyl and neatsfoot oyl 

SI'** he was easy in the morning but was taken bad again about Nine or 
Ten of the Clock in the forenoon and Complained of his being like to 
Choak and Continued very bad till the moon riseing which was 30 minuts 



14 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. , 

after 10 at night and then he got easyer and slept till morning I had to get 
up after the moon riseing but once till morning 

APRIL FIRST 

John Smith swingled Flax for me one day Benj" Broak Flax for him 
2'i he swingled by the £ and did 24 £ and Benj" did 9 £ 
8<i he and benj" Finished swingling Smith 16 1„ £ with wliat he swin- 
gled the day before amounted to -iOH £ he did by the % and Benj" swin- 
gled 6^-2 £ the whole of what flax we had this year was 85?^' £ 

CONTINUED FROM THE PRECEDING BOOK, APRIL 8'^ 1755 

went to Londonderry to Give in my account to the Executors of Elias 
Dickeys estate and Lodged at Samuel Dickeys 

4th -^vent to Alex''"' Walkers and Bought isof an ounce of Silk for 15V 
and ^ of a y'^ of Buckrum at 1BV6'^ and paid the money & went to Cap* 
Mitchells and 15 mettle butts at 15V and 2 large ones a 3V4'' and 3 scanes 
of mohair a 15V and paid him 1 £ and remains due to him 13V-1^^ yet to be 
paid went to my father in laws and they gave me 1 ^4 bushel of Peas and 
Came to Elias Dickeys and bought several articles and Lodged there all 
night and paid SV for my Entertainment 

On the 3'i I bought 7 sable skins and one mink skin and one red Fox 
skin from Will"' Read for 8iV15^ and paid him 9 £ 

5^^ Came home again and received a sliovel from Mr Peter Rusell a Gift 
in leiu of last I had made him and went to a training at widow Chandlers 
and Gave up Benj" Linkfields Indenture 

6"! Mr McClintock Lectured in Bedford From the 19"' to the 29"' verses 
of the first Chap' of Jolins Gospel and preached in the afternoon from the 
7"' of second Corinth"* and 10"' verse 

7"' Apprised John Macdugalls estate 

8"' Borrowed one Quart of rum of Mr Goffe and reed a sable skin from 
Mrs Peters on Jacob Jewel that I paid him for before 

9"^ Bought No one in the 2'' Rang on the north side of Piscataquog river 
in Goffs town from James MacGregore for 150 £ old Tenor and lent W"' 
Holms Two Dollars and James Milltimber and 4 more Tailors with him a 
little before night 

10"' They finished a fly-coat and jacoat and a pah- of Leather Britches 
and they charged 5-5-0 

11"' went to Merrymac to run round Rodger MacNights lot 

12"' w^ent to Hugh Riddels to Divide a lott of Land between him and 
James Aiken and Did then- ^\Titings and Mesured 17)^ Tun of white oak 
Timber for Robert Gillmore and 17 Tun and 15 feet of white oak timber 
for Lieu' Moor and Will'" Holms Gave me the 2 Dollars all but 20 shillings 

14"' James Kennedy made a new shoe for my Horse and set it and Hugh 
Riddel and James Aiken Came and finished tlieir ^\Titings and paid me 
40V foi' my pains and gave a letter from Rob' Willson and order of Court 
for the sale of Joseph Linns estate in Bedford and sold a Buckskin to John 
Macdugall for 10"VU> and reed the money one 5 £ of Rhod Island and a 4 
£ and a SO'' of New Hamp'^ 



MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 15 

15"^ Set out for Newbury and Lodged at Haverhill 

16"^ Set out and arived at Newbury and Sold as niucli sale Furr to Mr 
Carter as I took 71 £ in dollars 

17''' Set out for Boston and sold (5 rackoon skins to Hat'' Lord for 7"'/10^ 

22'' Arived home in the evening- 

23"^' Bought one sable skin from John Mash and Gave him 1 £ for it and 
he returned me a peistreen I had given him before which amounted to 
13V<i'' and I Gave him I'l'-fi^-O^' and there remained due to him 7-() 

25"' set out for Litchfield to get 12 bushel of Corn from Mr. Peter Rusell 
but got none but gave him 8-10-0 for 4 bushel of Corn and 2 of rie and got 
1}4 bushel of Oats from Sam" Gibson for what he owed me in the remain- 
der of stocking a Gun for him 

28"' Avrit a lease for John Mclaughlin Jun"" and Benj" Linkfield and Benj" 
paid me and John Mclaughlin is yet to pay and charged him lO'* 

29"' Sam" Peterson had eight pair of heels a 10''/ pr pan- silver money and 
I went to Litchfield and got 4 bushel of Indian corn and 2 bushels of Rie 
from Lieut Rusel which I had paid him for on the 25"' and Lodged with 
him all night and Bought an Otter skin from James Gillmoor for 50** and 
Gave him a Dollar and S"* was in Will'" Read hand which he promised to 
take as pay 

80"' Got four bushel of Indian corn Ground into meal and l)ought the 
Toal from James Moor but Could not pay him for want of Chang the Toal 
came to 6/3 old Tenor and paid James Macdugal 55V6'' silver which he 
overpaid me in a peice of gold of 33£ also and gave John smith One dol- 
lar and 5 £ in paper money for 4 bushell of Indian corn and for 40« I owed 
him for singling Flax and the remainder he promised to return as soon 
as he Got Change 

MAY FIRST 

Sowed some peas and Oats and Wheat and reed 3 £ old Tenor from Sami^ 
Paterson 

3'' let Mashs wife of Wiers town have a peck Flax seed 

5"' went to Litchfield and vendued Mr John Rickeys place in London- 
derry for the Revd Mr. Parker and widow Parker and reed ^o Dollar and 
40V for my pains old Tenor 

6"' returned home again and Got 4 bushel of rie gi-ound into meal at 
James Moors and Got the Toal for pay and could not pay it by reason of 
the want of change the Toal cam to S^-B'' old Tenor 

8"' Fetched home 416 £ of hay from Lieu' Moors and paid my brother 
Sam" 3-1-0 and there remains due 10V6'' more and Got ^2 ^ bushel of Po- 
tatoes from James Walker and Sam" Paterson soled a pair of shoes for me 

9"' sowed my Barley 

12"' James Kennedy mended my plow Irons and made two plates for a 
plow and Charged one pound for the whole Job and John Worthly paid me 
4-10-0 on aCcount of the loan of Steel Traps and Discounted with him for 
a wild Cats skin and there remains Due to me 3-15-0 and Jerret Rowan had 
}/2 a bushel of Flax seed from me 

13"' Sam" Patterson came to me to make shoes and the sole leather that 



16 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

I had of Cap' Barron -Nvliicli he Tauuad for me of my own hide weighed 
16 £ 

15"' I had one Hundred of hay of Lieu' Moor and some Rob' gave me and 
had one bushel of Potatoes of Rob* Gilmoor and went to James Littles baru 
raising in the afternoon where I had the Melancholy sight to see John 
Patterson Killed by one of the beams (viz) the one Next to the floor on the 
last side the North end of it slipt from the first gurt and took him along 
with it to the Ground and fell Direct on his head which ended his life so 
that he never breathed the blood ran fast at his ears and mouth and Nose 
Lieu' Moore opened a vein in his arm bu t it was no pm-pose to recover him 

16"^ Had Rob' Gilmore and his sou John and his oxen and Rob' Badger 
& Sam^i Pattens oxen helping me in y" Forenoon ploughing for me and 
went to John Pattersons Funeral and writ a warrant for a town meeting 
to be held June 5 17oo and let John Moor have 3 sheets of paper for the 
selectmen 

17"' John and James Moor plowed for me in the forenoon with their 
fathers oxen and horse 

IH"' Furrowed my land for planting 

2;)"' had Daniel and Margaret Quig and Robert and John Smith helping 
me plant Corn and potoes and John Quig and Hugh Macguines about 3^< 
hours and Night helping me Finish 

2P' sowed my Flax seed and went to Maj' Goffes and vended Three lots 
of Land belonging to the right of land Formerly Joseph Linns of Boston 
Deed one to Sam"" Paterson a fity acre lot for 75 pounds old Tenor and a 
meadow lot to Matth'^' Little for 55 pounds old Tenor and a Third Division 
lot for 95 pounds old Tenor to James Mathues 

22'' set out for Haverhill to buy salt 

23'' Got 3 bushel of salt from W" Duncan out of James Machards store 
and a file from s'' Duncan and did not pay any of them 

24"* paid W" Duncans wife 7£ Benj" Linkfield sent by me for 5 pair of 
Gloves he had when he was Married 

27"* paid John Burns IP/ old Tenor being the remainder of what he 
helped me last Faiill a Clearing in the Little Meadow 

28"* went to Namaskeeg faulls and Fished til Saturday night and got 
with Buying and giveing and Catching 12G shad and 1 Sahnon 

30"* let John Smith of New Boston have '.i a bushel of salt and Tim- 
othy Corlis have % ^ bushel of salt and Got 20 shad for it and John Mac- 
curdy Gave me 9 shad 

JUNE FIRST 

Mr Macclintock preached in Bedford from the 2'' of Jeremiah and 5 verse 

2'' James Kennedy Made 2 new shoes and set 4 on my horse ^^ of the 
iron of the new shoes was his 

4"' had 18 shad from Sam" Paterson the whole of what shad I got this 
fishing time was 175 and 2 sahnon I bought 38 of them and Got 7 Lamper 
Files 

5"* nin round Deacon Boyes lot he lives on and went to a town meet- 
ing held at W*'* Holms and was Chose along with James Little to Go to 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 17 

the General Coui-t to Get our iiniinproved lands Taxed and arbitrated on a 
Difference between Francis Barnet and Sam" Patterson 

9"* went to John smiths in Goffestowu and got 4 bushel of Indian corn 
for myself and let Benj" Smith have two of them and got the promise of 4 
bushels of him more 

1 1*'' set out with Hugh Riddel through the town to gather something for 
Matthew Ramsey and my wife reed off Rob' Nesmith the sum of 40-18-0 
old Tenor on account of his Bond 

r2*'> Finished gathering for Mr Ramsey and Delivered all we got to Lieut 
Moor being 40-2-0 worth 

16"^ Finished stocking John Rickeys Gun 

17"' he got her away and charged him 5 pounds for stocking her and a 
false lock which he did not pay down 

18"' set out for Boston on Rob' MacKeans affair 

21^' returned home again but Could not Finish his affair 

23*^ went to Maj"" Goffes and heard him try two actions on Caleb Emery 
and one on John Marsh for Killing Cattle 

25"' reed my pay from Mr Tho* Parker for my rideing last winter and 
what assistance I had with me and allowed him IV pr pound for getting it 
and Carried some rie to Kidders for Malt and Got ^^ biishel I had there 
before and what I carried Changed all but W basket 

26"' paid Charles Emerson 40*/ for himself and 30V for Capt Perhani 

29"' went to Londonderry & heard INIr McGregore Lecture from j^ 7"' of 
Amos from y<= 10"' verse to y"^ end and preached in the afternoon from the 
12th of Luke and 56"' verse 

30"' went to Litchfield to run lines for Mr Bowlin and was 2% days in 
his service and reed 1 £ from John Marshel and 17V of Jac"^ Heldreth 

JULY 3'i 

Run around W'" Patersons Thu'd Division lot no 46 and charged 40V but 
not paid 

4"' Run around a lot for Daniel Moor and charged 20V not paid and run 
the line between James Greg and the Little Meadow and Benj" Smith and 
charged 20*/ and run the line between Benj" Smith and John Quig 

7"' Paid John Smith 40V20 for Benj" Smith and the other for myself 
Ten shillings he alowed me out of my 2()V for service done here 

S"' Reed 166-10-0 old Tenor from W" Graham for Thomas Smith 

9"' had John Aiken and Hugh Riddel Jun'" Helping me hoe 

12"' paid Benj" Linldield 3 pounds old Tenor for a syth he broiight me 
from James' Paulls which syth W"' Barron had and finished Moulding my 
Corn 

13"' Mr Macclintock Lectured in the forenoon from the First Chapter of 
John Gospel From the 35"' to the 43'' verse and preached in the afternoon 
from the 2'' of Jeremiah and 5 verse and reed 3 Dollars and one English 
shilling by Benj" Smith from Mr James Duncan for one Otter skin & 3 sa- 
ble skins Will"' Kennedy Carried to him for me 

14"' set out for Westford to Get a Cart Tyer 

15"' Bought a Cart Tyer from Mr Hunt and Nails for 13-10-0 Dollars I 

2 



18 MATTHE^y patten's diary. 

paid him 4 Dollars and Gave him a Note of hand for 6-15-0 New Hanip' 
old Tenor in Room of 2 Dollars and Come to Jon" Parkeres and Bought 
2 Quarts of Clover from him and ig ^ bushel from his father Reading all 
at six shillings a quart silver money 

16"^ paid W™ Thornton 3 £ old Tenor for his rideing along -svith me after 
money Makers being for his service and four shillings he expend at Thos 
Halls' 

17"> paid John Mclaughlin for his son Thomas 1-18-0 being along with 
me after money makers for one day & night of himself and paid Sam" 
Walton 3-16-0 for John Wasou & Andrew Bigsby on the same affair 

19''i Had Rob' Smith and James helping me to Hill Corn 

21"' Had a Cow I had oft' Sanv^ Martain take Bull with patersons bull 

22'! Robt & James Smith helped me hill Corn 

23<^ was a Fast throughout the province 

24'!^ settled with W"^ Boiys and owed him 13-5-9 and paid 10£-10'' and 
remains Due to him 2-10 fine shillings he alowed me for my mear and 
paid Tho*^ Smith of New Boston the sum 160-10 old wliich I reed of the 8"' 
Instant W'" Graham 40V he gave me and 5 £ for Rob' "Walker and 6£/10'' 
for Hugh Riddel 

26''' Let John Quig have two rakes 

29th Finished Hilling my Corn and makeing Two Rakes for Benj" Smith 
and paid David Macnight 3 £ old tenor for his Father which I reed off Cap' 
Colburn wife in Dunstable on the 15"' Instant 

30th "VVent to Londonderry was at a proprietors meeting of no 8 and paid 
Five pound to the Treasm-er of sd no 8 being the whole of what was due 
on my right 

AUGUST FIRST 

Paid Mrs Wadal one pound for knitting a pair of barrd stockings for 
Beuj" Linkfield and went to Chester and Indented with Mr Jonathan 
Sanders to Come and make me a pan- of Cart Wheels by the middle of the 
weak after next and returned home again 

2'' Let Benj" Smith have Tavo rakes and Gave Hugh Riddel 6-10-0 
which The' Smith left with me for him and Gave him 5 £ which sd Smith 
left for Rob' Walker 

3<i Mr MacGregore preached in Bedford from The 3'' verse of the 37 
Psalm 

4"' James Kennedy finished makeing a set of Cart Hoops and Charged 
jjie 2-10-0 and a pair of Beetle rings and Charged 3** & Jo'* Thomas gave 
my wife 15 £ old Tenor for a deers Leather a buck sldn and fawn skin. 

5th Went to Alex'' MacMurphys mill & got 2 bushels of rie and % of a 
bushel of Turkey wheat Ground and went Adam Weirs and got the 
promise to fill 2 yds of Double Diniaty with Cotton and gave him 14 Cutts 
to do it with 

S"' Got two pigs from John Quig auvd Got a striped jacoat cut out by 
Hannah Barnet 

O'li had Patersons oxen and Cart in the forenoon helping me fetch liom 
Cart fellows fiom Strawberry Hill and reap my Barley being stooks and 
one sheaf 



I. 



INIATTHEW patten's DIARY. 19 

10"> heard Mr Macclintock preach at Lieu' John Halls in Derryfield from 
Jer. y<= 3* & 13 

11"' Hewed out my fellows for my wheels 

12"' Went to see Benj" Smiths youugest Child who Departed this life in 
the forenoon and made a Coffin for it in the afternoon & Catrain Little 
came to stay at ovu' house till my Wife and I would go to the Buiring the 
next day which was to be at two of the clock afternoon 

13"' went to the funeral of Benj" Smiths child and Richard Macalester 
Jerret rowan and his wife reaping for me and Kathrine Little and Isabel 
Maclaughlin pulled flax for me in the afternoon & paid John Quig 2-17-0 
for his riding with me last winter 

14"' Had Hugh Macguines helping me reap rie on John Maclaughlins 
accaunt and Kathrine Little & Isabell Maclaughlin helping me pull flax in 
the forenoon 

15"' had Hugh Macldnes reaping for himself and Sam' Bell paid me 25 £ 
and 3 £ Intrest 

16"' Benj" Linkfield and Mrs Kennedy helped me reap 

17"' Mr Macclintock Lectured in the forenoon in Bedford from John 1st 
from the 43'^ verse to the end & preached in the afternoon from y»^ same 
Chapter and 13"' verse 

18"' Benj" Linldield helped me reap til y^' middle of y<= afternoon and 
had a bushel of rie on the 16"' Instant and Mary Kennedy helped me reap 
also til'y'' same time of j*^ day and finished reaping rie and had 20 stocks 
and 10 sheafes and Drew Four Coppys of Roads for Justice Boyes and 
Charged 40V old Tenor for the same 

19"' Benj" Linkfield helped me Cart in my rie and 5 stooks of Barley 
and flax for his day befores went 

20"' began to reap my oats and Mow in my Meadow and went in the 
afternoon to Lieu' John Halls to Vendue Cap' Bushnells farm in Derry- 
field 

23'i Benj" Linldield & Mary Kennedy helped me reap my Wheat and 
Oats being six stooks & 7 sheaves of wheat & 9 stooks & 7 sheaves of 
oats & let Benj" Linkfield have 3£ / old Tenor 

25"' Benj" Linldield & Sam' Paterson helped me mow in the forenoon 

26"' Mr. Jonathan Sanders came to make me a pair of Cart Wheels & 
Benj" Linldield workt with me today and bargained with him for a week 
of fair weather for 4 £ 

CONTINUED FROM AUGUST 26"' AD 1755 

28"' Sam' Paterson helped me mow and rake hay all day and lent Richard 
Macalester one pound of powder 

30"' in the Evening came a Great Frost so as to Idll all ye corn leaves 
and repeated again on the 3P' Night 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

went to Alex"^ Macmurphj-s mill witli 2 bushel of Indian corn and 2 of 
rie but did not get it Ground and pd John Lovewell 20V for amount of 
gi-inding Sam" Barnet 



20 .AIATTHEW patten's DIAHY. 

2'^ Mr Sanders finished makeing my wheels and I pd hini 8 pounds for 
the same and Benj" Linkfield helped me Cart in the last of my hay I had 
95 cocks this year in my meadow & Sanii Paterson came to make shoes at 
my house 

3*^ went and got home the grain I carried to mill the First instant and 
Alex"' Macmurphy gave me a bushel of wheat 

4"> went to New Boston and Lodged at Davises 

5th returned hom again 

6"^ went to Hugh Riddels in order to get him to set the Surveyors to 
work on y^ Highways and vn-it a Desii'e for the selectmen for the town to 
Meet to have a couferance about the Meeting house 

7"^ Mr Houston Preached in Bedford From the 5th of the Romans and 
First verse 

8*'^ got a boar pig and a sow from widow Paterson she gifted the sow 
pig and I bought the Boar and went to the town conferance and drawed a 
warrant for the selectmen for a town meeting to be held the 22'^' of tliis 
instant and an order to the surveyor to mend highways 

9"^ spent the forenoon in falling on a Method for an accommodation to 
the town about setting the Meeting house and at last drew a paper to set 
it at Noah Thayers and signed and sent it to James Little and Hugh 
Riddel by Rob' Walker to go throw among the west side of the Inhabi- 
tants 

10"^ workt at highways East of John Bells 

11"^ Spent the forenoon in planning the place of the Meetinghouse place 
for the town and lent Rob' Davidson one bushel of rie 

12"^ was out of Case run the line between James Walker and Cap' Bush- 
nell and James Walker broke a tooth for me off by the Jaw there not being 
enough of it sound to hold to draw the tooth out 

13"^ was not able to do anything and had very Great simtoms of the 
Feaver & augue and went to bed at dark and began to sweat and Con- 
tinued to sweat till next day night without Intermission 

15"^ was somewhat easyer settled with Benj" Linkfield for all he worked 
for me this year and I owed him 1£ 6-8 & I paid him 1-10-0 old Tenor 

16"> had Benj" LinMeld Dan^i Quig & Hugh Rowan helping me to cut 
stalks and reed by John Bell from W"^ Moor one Quart of Linseed oyl one 
pound of Spanish Brown one ounce of priissian blue which I sent to boston 
with him for the eleven Instant and Ann Maccollum came to live at our 
house and I had to Go to Goffes to arbitrate on a case between W"^ Stinson 
of Starks town and John Marsh of Weirs town but for want of a Justice 
to swear the Evidences adjourned the arbitration till Tuesday the 30"^ of 
this Instant to James Osgoods in Camptou 

17"^ went to Litchfield and Got 4 gallons of rum from Tho-* Parker for the 
town and Two Quarts and a pint for James Little and IJ^ Quart for myself 
for which rum Richard McAlester sent 4 £ my mother 5 £ and my brother 
2 £ and the remainder I laid out myself y'' whole came to 1 2-6-9 and reed 
an aCcount pr Patrick Taggart that my father in law was laid speachles at 
Portsmouth 

18* set out as far as Deny and lodged at my father in laws 



MATTHEW patten's DIAItY. 21 

19*'^ went to portsnioiith and arived there at about 8 or 9 of the clock iu 
the evening where I found my father in law very low but in perfect 
reason 

20"^ waited all day in town set up with him that night he altered in the 
evening about eight or nine and grew Constantly Desernably worse till the 
next day about 12 of the Clock and then Departed this life 

2P' he Departed about 12 as before about 2 I set out for Lo:derry 
22'i returned to Portsmouth arived about 10 of the Clock in the evening 
23'^ The Corpses was brought up to LondonDerry by James D-s\"yer and 
retiu'iied to to Lo:derry in the night set out between 6 and 7 and arived at 
Londonderry a little before Before day 
24"' The Corpses was intered in Lon:derry 
25"' Came home in the evening 
2Qth "VVent to a town meeting held by adjournment 
27"' went to Litchfield and got 2 Quarts of rum & 4 £ of shugar 
29"' James Linn killed a cow for me which Weighed 208 £ of Beaf & 
34 hide and settled aCcoiiut with Cap^ Bushnell and he owed me 6 shil- 
lings old Tenor & let John Bell Jun"" have a side of the beaf weighed 105 
and a quarter to Benj" Linkfield and my brother Sam^' w' 48 and Lent 
James Linn 9 3^' £ and Will'" Holms 13 £ of beaf 

OCT^ FIRST 

Run round James Kennedys place and he made 2 Linch pins and 
welded a strech of Cart Tyer and made out of his Iron 4 Steeples for 
secui'ing my Cart Boxes. 

2'' spent the Forenoon on the towns affair Concluding to Defer the Rais- 
ing and seeing to send Hugh Ridel for rum & Chees. 

3*^ spent the afternoon in going to Starks Mill and from there to Cap* 
Perham and bargained with him for 12 M of boards for 6-10-0 old Tenor 
pr M to be Delivered at the mouth of Chohass Brook 

4"' put on my cart Tyer 

6"' Got James Kennedy to set Two Shoes on my horses hind feet and 
set out for Tyngs and bought 9-15-2 worth in silver money and returned 
home that night before break of day 

7"' lent one Quart of rum to the town which was used by Benj" Smith 
Benj" Linkfield & John Burns who was employed in bringing 6 ]\I of 
Boards over the river which the Town bought of Cap' Perham 

9"' went to Alex"" Macmurphys mill and Carried one bushel of rie with 
me and got it ground and IKi bushell of Wheat that I carried there on the 
3*^ instant and he Gave me 1^^ bushells of Indian corn 

10"' Had John Burns of New Boston helping me all day & John Bui'ns 
Jun'' of this towai helping me in the forenoon & Rob* & James Smith in 
the afternoon and I went to Litchfield and got one pair of shoes for John 
Burns of New Boston and Got 14 £ of shugar from Thos Parkers wife and 
Did not pay it 

11"' Went to Chester and Carried Ann Maccollum to Sam' Aikens and 
bought two Cheeses from Tho** Hasletons wife weighing 18i^ £ at 3** 7^^ pr 
£ and 30 £ and 1 1 ounces from Jean Talf ord at 3V per £ and did not pay 
her for hers (viz Jean Talf ord) 



22 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

13"^ went and helped to Level the Meeting house Cills and let my 
brother sam^ have 141^4 £ of Chees and had got 25)^' £ of beaf from my 
brother Sam' he sent 3 £ with me to Chester 18 shillings to Jean Talford 
for him. 

14''^ went to raising our Meeting house we Got up the plates and all the 
beanies but two 

15*'^ Got the midwife and woman to my wife early in the morning and 
went in the afternoon and Finished raiseing the meeting house & Daniel 
Moor pd me 20"* for running Tuffts 3*^ Division 

16*'* My Wife was Delivered about 8 in the morning of a Son and sold a 
Cow to Will'" Macneal of New Boston for 24 £ old Tenor and borrowed 4 
£ old Tenor from Rob' Gilmoor and paid it to John Smith of New Boston 
and 20^* which he alowed in my hand for Ann Maccullom and half a 
bushel of salt he had of me Last spring amounted in the whole to 6 £ 
which answered for his keeping a pair of steers for me from the thirteenth 
of last Jany till the spring & 3 galon & 1 quart of rum of ye town at 'ih^ 
pr galon & 7>4 £ of shugar at 6V5^' £ 

17"^ Carried home the Midwife which was Deacon Boyes wife and had 
not money to pay her and got 20?^ £ of butter from Mr Holms 

34''^ had Will'" Macdugal helping me to Carrie in Corn and stow away 
huskes in the forenoon & had John Biirns helping me in the afternoon & 
reed on the 23<i the beaf that James Linn borrowed of me the 29"' of Sep*'' 
last 

25"^ Fell a Considerable Snow and paid James Kennedys wife 20** and 
sent a line to Will'" Duncans for James Kennedy that I would answer him 
Money he owed James Duncan 

29"' Had John Aiken plowing for me 

30"' fell a Snow about anlde Deep and John Aiken helped me to rid my 
Barn till in the afternoon and I finished makeing the Town and province 
rates and Warrants for the Selectmen and Charged 6 £ old Tenor for the 
same 

3P' Hunted in the Forenoon and went in the afternoon to a town Meet- 
ing and was chose a Committeeman to Clapboarding the meeting house 

NOVEMBER 

2'' Mr Houston lectured in Bedford in the forenoon from the 4"' of the 
song and 5 6 7 & 8 verses and preached in the afternoon from the 119 
Psalm and 120 verse 

3'' Write a letter to Justice Boyes and kept a Coppy for the selectmen 

7 & 8"' Will'" Macdugal helped me to Cart Dung 

10"' John Bell had my Oxen helping him Break up 

12"' went to Goffestown along with Will"' McDugal and was out three 
days 

15"' Will'" MacDugal helped me and he came 

17"' he helped me all that week and I went to Londonderry and bor- 
rowed two pair of Writ blanks from Maj' Goffe and Lodged at my 
Mother MacMurphys and in the night about Four of the Clock in the 
Morning There was an exceeding great Earth Quake reported by those 



MATTHEW patten's DI \RY. 23 

that observed to be seven Diferant shocks they were all in about an houre 
or less the first was exceeding hard and of some miniits Continuance the 
others not much more than the sound except the last which was a hard 
shock but short but not so hard as the first. 

IS"' went to John Clarks with a "svrit for him to serve on John aikeu of 
Chester for Tho* Smith of new boston which I filled up the night before 
and settled with Rob' Livingstone for sd Smith and reed 32 £ old Tenor 
for him and took 4 notes of hand and Discounted 46« which sd Smith 
owed sd Li\'ingston and Copyd a >\Tit and aCcouut for sd Clark for 
Frances Orr and Clark alowed me 20» which went toward the service of 
Smiths virit 

19"' Waited till for Rob* Macmurphy who was Gon to Portsmouth in 
order to help examin my father in laws papers and there was a Shock of 
an Earth Quake a little before Sunset 

SI**' finished examining my Father in laws papers and Dr Thornton took 
the Caption on account for me on John Blairs estate 

^S"! Got my Deed I had of Ens" MacGregores acknowledged by justice 
Boyes and returned home and in the evening I suposse about 9 a Clock at 
night there was a Smart Shock of an Earth Quake almost as hard as the 
hard shock on the nionday night before but of not so long Continuance 
and Borrowed one bushell of salt from Rob' Macmurphy 

26"' went to Miller moors mill and got four bushel of Indian corn 
ground and had the toal for pay and went to Litchfield and got 2 lbs of 
sugar from Tho^ Parker but did not pay for it 

27*'' Writ a power of Attorney for Tho* Smith of new boston and went 
in the afternoon to the Funeral of Lieu' Moors Child 

28"' borrowed 43)< lbs of beaf of John Maclaughlin 

29"' Lieut Moor gave me one bushel of Turnips and I mended my Cart 
that Da^dd Biu-ns broke 

DEC"^ 3a 

Set out for Portsmouth to carrie on a Case for Tho'* Smith of new 
Boston 

(5"' Ai-ived home again 

13"' Lieut Moor Butchered my hoggs and James peterson got The'* 
Worthly to help me 

15"' went along \vith John Goffe to hails town 

16"' returned home again and Charged him 5 pounds and Got as much 
Vermillion from Nath'^ Martain as I am to give him 20** old Tenor 

17"' Went to Sowhegan West to help to Divide Ens" Walton estate 

LS"' retm-ned home again and Charged 4(> and reed the money 

20"' went along with Alex"^ MacMm-phy to Chester and Signed a Quit 
Claim Deed to him of a parcel of land which my father in law left me & 
pd Maj' Tolfords wife 4 £-12^ for chees 15 shillings she pd for me to hubard 
and 19"* for my brother sam'^ 

22'! he let me have by the hand of John Caldwell Some Indian Corn 
and some rie and I spent till friday night Concerning the Rough farm 

29"' v\'eut to merriniac to their vendue of Land and saved no 4 a second 



24 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

Division for Dan aud John Macciu-dy and 98 a third Division for John 
Wentvrorth Esq'' and 36 for Co" Parker and Gave niy note on Demand for 
the tax and Charges 

30"' Divided of for Jolm Goffe Esq' to John Seaciimb 40 acres of the 
upper end of Pond farm and in the, evening -wTot foiu- letters to Ports- 
mouth one to Mr Parker one to Mr Livermore one to I\Ir Daniel Pierce 
and one to Mr John Weutworth by James Macnight 

3lst -yyriti a Deed to J"'* Machard from Ezekiel Walker and charged 20*^ 
old Tenor 

Which finished the Affau\s of the year 1755 

JANUARY FIRST 1756 

Writ a deed for John Holms from his father and he Cutt back Loggs 
while I 'svrit it 

2'i went to New boston and Bought a mink sldn from mr Fasett 

3<i Bought Tho^ Smiths butter and Andrew Walkers aud to factor Will'" 
Macneals and returned hom again 

5th Y^-rH a deed from John Crow to John Boies and went to Merrimac 
to finish running round rogger macnights lott which I did not Quit finish 
when I was on it before 

6*'' went to a Training at Lieu* Moors & sold Joseph Thomas 2 rakoon 
skins for 2-10-0 in silver dollars a 45s 

?"' rodger macnight cleaned my well and I went along with him and 
finished his line and he gave me 20^ old Tenor and went to Merrimac and 
paid Phineas Underwood 19-17-8 old Tenor for the tax and charged on no 
4 Second Division and no 36 & 98 Third Division 

12"' went to Londonderry to assist Rob* niacmurphy and took one bushel 
of Rie to Alex'' Macmurphys mill 

13"' returned home after having paid Cap* Mitcliell 7*/4** for trimmings 
I had of him last winter and paid Rob* niacmurphy 6 £ old Tenor for a 
bond to Mr. Parker Lawer and to get a letter of Guardianship for Guar- 
dian to John Call well and he and Alex'^ Macmiirphy was my bondsmen 
and Rob* Macmurphy pd me 5 Dollars for John Maccurdy 

14*^ Got near a bushel of Indian corn from Alex'' Macmurphy and reed 
4-15-3 old Tenor the last years intrest on a bond which I have on Andrew 
Bradford by Edward beavins 

13*'' And I received on the 13"' 10 £ old Tenor from Rob* Livingstone for 
Tho^ Smith 

16*'' James Kennedy mended one hook of a Chain and made me a new 
one of my iron and workt on my Coal and pd him 5 £ for Tho>* Smith 

17*'' run round the lott 13 in y^ 9th rang for John Boies and run round 
the lot no 12 in y<^ 8*'' rang for Tho^ Boies 

19*'' James Kennedy made one new horsehoe and Steeled four shoes at 
heel and toe and set them and made me a pair of Washers for my Cart 
all of my Iron and all workt with my Coal 

27th -went to Londonderry to see the lines of my father in laws rough 
farm preambulated by John Mitchel 



MATTHEW patten's DIAUV. 25 

30*'i returned home from that business and got 2 bushels of rie and 1}^ 
bushel of Indian Corn from Alex'^ Macmurphy Come to 5-10-0 the rie at 
34'* pr bushel and the Indian at 28" per bushel and I gave him 8 £ all the 
prices in old Tenor 

31^' let Sani'i Paterson have lO^^ of Tallow at 5^ pr pound old Tenor 
amounting to 53V9*^ 

FEB'.^ FIRST 

Mr Houston Lectured in Bedford in y^" forenoon from y*" 4 of the song 
and on the 13 14 15 & IB verses & preached in the afternoon from the 5 of 
the song and 2d verse 

2'^ went along with John Little to run round the 16*'^ lott in y 7*'^ rang 
and bought a rakoon skin from Will'" Barnet for 15^* old Tenor to be paid 
when I sell the same 

3'^ John Little and Rob' Mackeen helped me in the afternoon to cut 
fence Logs at the Little Meadow 

4 & 5"^ Cutt fence Logs as above and had the same two helping nie 

9 & 10"^ was at Londonderry on my father in laws affairs on the 10"^ 
Benj" Linkfield had my oxen and Cart Carting hay for Widow Chandler 

15*'^ Mr Macclintock Lectured in Bedford on the 7 8 9 10 11 verses of y^' 
first Chapter Ephesians and preached in the afternoon from these words 
in the 8 verse of the 2 Chapter of the same book (by Grace y<^ are saved) 

17*'^ set out for Boston and had Benj" Linkfield horse with me and Car- 
ried butter with me and set it all up biit 24 £ which I sold at 4'* and left 7 
tubs with Mrs Duglass to sell for me 

2P' returned home again and brought home with me 152 £ of beaf 
which I gave 1V2'^ pr pound 

MARCH FOURTH 

had Jerret rowans and Benj" Smiths oxen helping me in the afternoon 
to hall fence logs at the Little Meadow 

5*'^ had Rowans oxen all day helping me to Draw fence logs at the same 
place 

7*'' Mr Houston Lectured in the Forenoon in Bedford on the beginning 
of the 5*'^ Chapter of the Song and preached in the afternoon from the 
former part of the 2'^ verse of the same chapter 

12"^ iVrchibald Macalester and Rob' Holms and John Calhvell helped me 
lay up Log fence at the Little Meadow 

14th ]y[r Houston Lectured in y'' forenoon in Bedford in the 5"i of the 
song and the 5 (5 7 & 8 verses and preached in the afternoon from the 4"^ 
of Matth^^' and y*^ 17"^ verse 

15"^ Had James Paterson Rob' Holms and Archibald Macalester helping 
me lay up Log fence at the little meadow and had Rowans oxen helping 
me about }4 an hour 

17"' set out for Boston & reed 40'* from sam'i Barnett 

24"^ Came home again and reed all the price of what butter I left with 
Mrs Duglass to sell but 5 £ in Dollars which she owes me yet 

28"^ Susanna was taken with the kanker in her throat and I went to D"^ 
Cummings and he sent some things which we applyed according to Dii'ec- 
tion 



26 MATTHEW patten's DI.IUY. 

29"> the Dr came over to see her and she was a little Easer 

30t'» she was worse and I went and preambulated the lines of that Tract 
of land granted to Alex'^ Macniurphj's heirs by Naniaskieg falls 

31^' was otir annual March meeting and I was chose town clerk and sur- 
veyor of Timber 

APRIL FIRST 

Susanna grew worse and the Ranker broke out into her blisters and I got 
John Bells horse and went to the Dr & Got some Drugs from him and 
some Salve or oyntmeut to apply to the Ranker 

5"' Sold one Quart of Clover seed to Alec Moor for IS'* in silver and went 
out along with James Patterson to show him where to build a house on 
their farm 

6*'^ sent John Callwell to Dr Cummings for some things for Susanna 

A DAY BOOR CONTINUED AND BEGAN APRIL Ht'i A D 1756 

went to Miller Moors to run the lines of his farm and Draw A\Titings 
between him and Sam" Calhvell but it was so late that I could not do it 
and reed one Dollar from Rob' Mackeen 

7"^ went and run the lins of James moors farm and vrrit the Writings 
and reed the remainder of what Rob' Mackeen owed me which was 15V5'i 
in silver which I had expended last June in going to Boston to see to settle 
his affairs 

12"^ reed two Dollars from Matth^ Little on W" Macdugals account 

13"' Little went along with Eben' Stevens to Goffs town to show him no 
10 in y*" 4"' rang on the south side of Piscataquog and bought two rakoon 
skins from him for 40^ old Tenor & reed 5-1-0 old Tenor from Tho** Hall 
and let Alex'' Macmurphy have 2 Dollars 

3P' was our Provincial Fast as also our Town Annual March meeting a 
number of us the inhabitants attended but our Moderator did not come 

23'' went to Dunstable and went to Tyngs and got some things and pd 
what I owed him before being in the Avhole 3-14-() old Tenor and paid him 
1V()'' over and Got 9 bushel of Indian Corn from Tho** Harwood for 20** pr 
bushel in silver and had Will"' Holms mear to help me bring it up and 
brought one ounce of Onion seed for them which they pd me for before 

27tii writ 6 Notifications for widow Chandler for the sale of land in Bed- 
ford by order of the Judge of Probate of wills 

28"' went to Litchfield about twelve of the Clock to run round then- 
town an addition from Londonderry in order to find the Center where to 
build the Meeting house 

30"' retiu-ned home again in the night 

MAY FIRST 

Spent more than half the day a planing the above said work 

2'' Mr Mcclintock Preached in Bedford from y"" 4 of the Ephesians y 45 
and 6 verses 

4"' brought one half of what Corn I brought from Dunstable home in 
meal from Sam' Callwells and had the Toal for pay 

6"' attended a town meeting and revived our Call to Mr Sam" Macclin- 



MA.TTHEW patten's DIAIIY. 27 

tock and was chose to get a tax laid on our land in bediord by the General 
Court and reed 9 £ old Tenor from Hugh Ridel on aCcount of John smith 
of New boston and one pound of butter at 6'* and 6-14-0 I owed him before 
amounted to 16 £ all on account of sd Smith 

7"! went to New Boston to John Macalester to get him to come to Lon- 
donderry next Tuesday 

8"^ returned home again 

10"> went to Litchfield and run for to find that of land which fell by 
the old brick killn and got a Quart of Rum from Tho'* Parker and bought 
2 shad from John Harvil and one he gave me to send word to J" Mac- 
laughlin and brought 4 for Maclaughlin and Two Mrs Gibson gave 

11"! went and Vendued Several lots of Land for Widdow Chandler and 
for Venduing and \^Titing the advertisements she gave me four pounds 
old Tenor and went to Londonderry 

12"^ came home again and Got 2)4 bushel of Potatoes from my mother 
in law and left o-5-O in Rob' Macmurphys hand for James Milltimber and 
bought 185 alewives from James peters and John Kidder for 6" old Tenor 

13*'' Rob' Murdach Helped me to mend fence in the forenoon and I w^ent 
out with him in y« afternoon to see no 14 in the 6"' Rang and he gave me 
40V 0:T: 

14th -yyent to Londonderry to here some evidences sworn in perpetuom 
before Col" Blanchard and Jus: Thornton 

15"^ came home again and got one bushel of wheat from Alex'^ Macmur- 
phys mill and 2 bushell of mishlin I carried there of my own in meal 

17"' had Jerret Rowan helping me in the afternoon and his two boys all 
day a planting Potatoes 

18"' Finished planting potatoes and Sowed oiir Flaxseed 

22'i finished planting Corn and beans and went to new boston and Set 
my traps in the bogg west of Joe Englishes hill 

23^' retiirned home again to sermon and heard Mr Hoiiston Lecture in 
the forenoon on the first verses of the 6"' song and preach in the afternoon 
on the 28 verse of the 3d of the Romans 

24"' went to new boston to See my traps and found a beavers foot in one 
of em : 

25"' went away up to South Branch and set my traps and in ciitting 
wood for camping I cut my Left Foot and the outside on the ancle very 
bad 

26"' got a beavers foot in one of my traps and Came home again I had 
my horse keep at John Macalesters all the time I was in new boston and 
left my traps set north from Moors and Cliistys Settlements on the South 
Branch 

JUNE 14"' 

Lay by from the 26"' of May till this day by reason of my Cutt and this 
day went over to Londonderry to Dividing the Cattle and household goods 
in my father in Laws Estate 

23'' returned home again and Katrine Little keept house while I and my 
wife was gon to Lo : derry and on the lii"' I pd Mr James Ramsey seven- 
teen pounds one shilling old Tenor on account of Will'" mcneal of New 



28 MATTHEAV PATTEX'8 DIAKY. 

boston and. ninteeu shillings over by reason we could not make Change and 
on the 20"^ heard Mr MacGregore preach in the afternoon on y^ 3<i of John 
and verse and had oiu- youngest Child baptized (viz James) 

28"' had John Burns lielping me to get me to run the line between his 
fathers land and Bigsbes and had Silas Barron helping me and went in the 
afternoon along with his father and to examin the line between him and 
Eleazer Lyons lot he formerly liv'd on and for my pains had the aforesaid 
Silas and reed 20/ O. T. from Jos : polard 

30*'^ Rob' Gilmoor Jim'" helped me awhile in the forenoon to finish my 
weeding of Corn and potatoes and went to Chester to Divide two Eighty 
acre Lott and did it by Justice Emersons Dr Moor Enoch Rowel Ezeb>' 
Berry & Sam" Ingles and Wm Tolford and I got no 6S) Estimated by the 
aforesaid men 150 £ old Tenor to be paid or alowed in the next Division to 
them who got the other namely (no 96) 

JULY 2'i 

Returned home again from the aforesaid Business 

5*'^ picked up brush in the Little Meadow and got 2X bushel of Indian 
meal from Sam" Callwells mill 

6"^ went to Londonderry to settle with the Commissioners for Elias 
Dickys estate and was Due me 24-16-8 old Tenor 

7"i came home again and Br Alex'' gave me shad fish and some ells and 
brought 2 bushel of Rie meal I carried the rie there the day before and 
reed 40V from Rob' MacChu-e to ask advice from a Lawer on a bond and 
reed 20V from Alex'' Macmurphy to pay for recording a Deed which I reed 
at the same time 

12"' Reed 20 £ of the towns money to Carrie on the charge of geting 
our land taxed and the full of what service I had done about the meeting 
house frame the sum being 6-1-3 new Tenor and pd my mother 5 £ old 
Tenor that I borrowed from her Last Sepf to get rum to the hailing of the 
meeting hoiise timber and pd my Brother Sam" 8V9'' O : T : that I l)or- 
rowed at the same time 

13"' Set out for Portsmouth to get our land tax and our propriety" re- 
vised and had John Bells horse to rid on and Carried 37-7-0 O : T : with me 
of my own money & 20 £ O : T : of the towns and 11-5-0 O : T : of others to 
do errands for them amounting in the whole to 68-12-0 O : T : and reed 
24 £ from Rob' McClure toward the price of a Cow he had which fell to 
me out of my father in laws estate whose price was to be 30 £ Certain & 
20V more conditional 

17"' returned home again 

18"' John Smith of New Boston came and told me that the Bears liad 
Bit my heifer that was at his house that she would not live 

19"' went up with him and got W'" Macneal to Butcher her and sold 
49^4 £ of y<= beaf to John Jewel & and 29 3<^ to Andrew Walker and 16 to 
John Blair and 14 £ to Hugh Blair The hide and tallow and tongue I kept 
to myself the hide weighed 43 £ and returned home again the same even- 
ing 

21''' Had John Quigs mear to set out for Chester and Haverhill Ixit he 



MATTHE\y TATTEN's DIAltV. 29 

sent nie word to be Get his iiiear shod and be home again by tomorrow 
night which I could not do and so sent the mear home again and pd 
Sam" Smith of New Boston 12 £ old Tenor for keeping a paii- of three 
year old stears over the last winter 

23^' got a Quart of rum from Matth^^' Little for myself and a gallon for 
Tho^ Smith not pd 

■)gth "vvi-it a letter to Francis Diman 

28"! Got a gallon of Rum from Matth^^ Little at 50V and pd him 3-10-0 
being TV more then it and the Quart I had on the 23'i come to 

29"* Jerret Rowan had an adze of me that I brought from Portsmouth 
for him and paid me 3 £ O : T : for it 

29"* Killed a Buck I wounded the evening before which weighed about 
27 lb pr Quarter and went to John Aikens funeral in the afternoon 

31*' Bought one half Ginne and a Dollar from Robert Gillnuit a 4-10-0 
pr Dollar amoixnting to 15 £ of our old Tenor in Lieue of what Silver I had 
Expended for the town a advertising about their land tax and the over 
plus to pay toward the advertisement I was ordered to print by the Gen- 
eral Assembly The whole of what I have ah-eady paid for advertising and 
a quii-e of paper for the town for the year 1755 amounts to 5-5-0 being just 
the half of Ginne 

AUGUST 2'i 

went to Londonderry and reed 30V from James Ramsey which I over pd 
him when I pd him 17 £ on the 19"* of June last for William Macnell and 
got some apples and Rice from James Blair and a vomit from Dr Cum- 
mings and some Drops of hartshorn & Lavender and 10 oiince of Bark the 
Bark not pd for and and 2V of the rest I pd him lOV which was remaining 
unpd of what he did last spring for Susanna 

5"* Attended on a town meeting and was chose to treat with Mr Hous- 
ton 

0"* had a gallon of rum from Sam'' Callwell not pd 

7"* treated with Mr Hoiiston and attended on sd meeting held by ad- 
journment 

8"* Mr Hoxiston Lectured in the song and Preached in the afternoon from 
the 4"* verse from the 112 Psalm 

9"' Had Tho* Boies ^Vi-chibald Macalester Jerret Rowan and his wife and 
Mrs Kennedy helping me reap rie 

10"* Ai-chibald Macalester helped me to finish reaping rie and Cart it in 
and had 41 stook and 5 sheaves 

11"' went to Will"* Boies and gave Margi*et his Daughter a letter for her 
Brother John and an advertisement to be put in the publick prints and 
gave her Two Dollars to do it with and to bring me foiir Quu-e of Paper 
and killed a buck weighed 25 £ per Quarter 

13"* went to David Burnses and straighted the Line between him and 
Andrew Bixby and pd Sam" Callwell f(H- a gallon of Rum James Kennedy 
brought me from him 

14"' Got a gallon of Rum from John Bell Jun^ and pd Sam" Patten 3 £ 
which Andrew Bixby sent by me to him on accoxmt of intrest he owed 
him 



30 MATTHE^Y PATTEX's DIARY. 

15"^ Mr Houstou preached on the same text he did on the last Sabbath 

16"^ Hugh Macldnes helped me to reap my Oats 

22'i Heard Mr MacGregore preach from the Goalers asking Paul what 
he should do to be saved with the answer and Carried Esther Rodgers over 
M'ith me who had been at our house a fortnight who would not Charge and 
presented her with a three pound bill 

24* was our town meeting by adjoui'ument 

25"^ Treated with Mr Houstou Concerning His Settling with us and 
went to see the first ministers fifty acre lott 

29'h Mr MacGregore preached in bedford for Mr Houstou from the 13 of 
Exodus and the 13 verse 

30*'^ was our to%vu meeting in which we voted to give Mr Houston in our 
old Tenor equal to 40 £ sterlin as the Law shall State Dollars or Sterlin 
money annually for his yearly Steepend 

31*' went to Londonderry and treated ^vith Mr Houston and Mr Mac- 
Gregore appointed to moderate in a call the 15"' of Sepf^ at Ten of the 
Clock & got a bushel and better of wheat from Robert Macmiirphy. 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

Had Lieut Moor James Little and John Maclaughlin Jun'^ helping me to 
mow for my going to Londonderry the day before 

2'^ had John Maclaughlin Jun"' Rob' Gillmor Jun'^ helping me rake hay 
John was for pay and Rob' was on account of my going to Lo : Derry and 
I was at Goffes town along with one Johnson viewing the lot no 45 and he 
promised to pay me 50V O : T : for my pains 

3 & 4"' was along with the General Court Committee Surveying the 
laud in Controversy between Londonderry prop''* and Jonathan Cliamber- 
lin 

6"' Drawed the plan and sent it by Alex'' Macmui'phy to Daniel Paine 
Esq"^ and charged 2-5-0 new Tenor and Carried almost 2 bushel of rie with 
me to mill a stayed all night and brought 2 bushell I had there before & it 
home with me 

7"' Rachel Cowan brought 2 lbs butter and brought 2 lbs more the 31" 
of Last month made 4 lb in the whole that I had from her mother 

11"' had John Maclaughlin Jun'' helping me to rake hay he charged me 
20V pr day 

13"' on the night following this day Came a great Frost so as to kill all 
the corn leaves 

14th night repeated frost again harder than the night before 

15"' Mr Macgregore preached in Bedford from the 6 of Galatians and 
16"^ verse and moderated in a Call for Mr Hoiiston 

18"' Rob' Mordoch helped me to rake and Cart hay for which I was to 
go into the woods with him to look Land 

19"' Mr Houston preached from the 26"' of Isaiah and 3'' 

20"' The town met and hailed part of the boards for the meeting house 

21^' Brought over a fom- year old steer from Derryfield which Sam" 
Smith of New boston is to have at the market price Beaf hide and Tallow 
and got 2 lb of Shugar from Matth^^' Little 



MATTHEW PATTEX'S DIARY. 31 

22<i went into the woods along with Rob' Mordoch for lielping nie last 
Saterday 

24"^ went to Hadleys mill to take account of the Qiiantity of my plank 
but had no help and Quit it and went to Rob' Andersons and brought 
away a bull which belonged to my Fatlier in Laws Estate 

28"^ Got my plow irons sharpened and an ax upset and an adze taken out 
of wind and new tempered and a peice of Steal from Kennedy and laid on 
the Coiilter 

OCTOBER FIRST 

James Kennedy mended the Ear of my plow and I sold a two year old 
steer and a heifer of the same age to Eleazer Wells for 8(5 £ old Tenor to 
be paid the first of next May with intrest at 2V per pounds till paid 

4"^ finished the plan of Chamberlins Controversy and Col" Tood came 
for it and sent it with him to the General Courts Committee and an 
amount of my charge which was 2-10-0 new Tenor 

6"^ James Kennedy made a new shoe and set two on my horse 

7"* set out for Haverhill and Lodged at James Duncans 

8"^ got lig bushel of Salt and }'^ of a £ of tea for 2-5-9 Silver and Came 
to my mother in laws and lodged all night 

9"^ Came home again & reed 20 £ from Rob' Gilnioor on the towns 
account 

11"^ Lieut Moor Killed a Cow for me which weighed 304 £ of Beaf & 50 
of hide and reed 20 £ O: T: from Matth"' Little on towns account 

12"^ Set out for Portsmouth and had John Bells horse and Lodged at 
Capt Folsoms 

16"^ Arived home again 

22'! went to Alex"^ Macmurphys mill and Carried 2 bushell of Indian 
Corn and 1}<^ Turkey wheat and got the Indian gi-ound and Left the 
Turkey wheat and reed 3-10-0 from Hugh Gillis which he owed me and }^ 
a gallon of molasses from Maj'' Goffe and pd 20V for it 

25"' Viewed and estimated a lot of land in Goffs town no 12 in second 
Rang of Capt Moffet of Pcn-tsmouth for Ens" Richards 

29'h James Mathues Thrashed for me 

30"' went to Londonderry to meeting and heard Mr Macgregore preach 
from them words without holiness no man shall see the Lord 

NOVEMBER 

First went the funeral of Will'" Rauldns wife who departed this life 
about 11 o'clock of the 29"' ult at night & sold a bull to John Davis of 
Goffs town for 13 £ O: T: to be pd in a year with 3/6 per £ intrest 

2*1 brought a Cow and two Heifers from Londouderrv that was John 
Callwells 

3 4 & Fifth attended on an arbitration between Miller Moor and James 
Matliues at Major Goff'es 

8"' sold a Cow of John Callwells to Ncal Taggart for 30 £ and reed 24 £ 
O: T: and Hugh Blau- Came at noofl to helj:) me 

lO"' James Mathues Thrashed Oats for me and I so^^'ed the peice between 
the house and barn with Rie 



32 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

1P'> There fell a snow about 3 or 4 inches Deep out of the Northeast 

12"' Hugli Blau- weut away after breakfast the whole of what he helped 
me now was 3)4 days 

15*'^ Carried 4 bushells of Indian Corn to Alex'' Macmurphys mill but 
did not get it gi-oiind and his wife gave Susanna 2 gees which I fetched 
over with me 

16"' Mr Daivdson Pi-eached in Bedford from the 16"' of Romans and tlie 
latter part of the 7th verse and reed 10-10-0 O: T: from Mr Underwood 
on account of Tax I had pd him for Mr Parkers lott no 36 a Third Divi- 
sion in Sowhegan East Taxed in the Town of Merrymac about 3 or 4 t)f 
Clock in the morning there was a shock of an Earth Quake so hard that 
wakened my wife and I out of sleep 

17"' reed 3-10-0 O: T: from Tho^ Hall an 16V I owed him of y^ house 
expences which amounted to the whole of what he owed me for arbitra- 
ing for him and Joshua Folensbe with what I had before and 2*"/ toward 
my being out a day in Goffs town along with Ebenz'^ Stevens 

18"' went to new boston to Set my traps but got nothing and John Mac- 
laughlin helped y<^ 17"' and 18"' harrow my rie in 

2P' came home again and reed 6 £ O: T: from Neal Taggart being the 
remainder of the price of John Callwells Cow 

22'! pd John Maccurdy 6-10-0 O: T: which he gave me in a 12 £ bill when 
he pd me the tax and charge of his lot in Merrymac and pd Robert Walker 
my province rates being 6-8-0 O: T: 

24"' got my boots from Francis Barnet who new footed them and 
Charged me 4 £ old Tenor 

25"^ was the Publick Thanksgiving 

26"' John Duncan Came for me to make shoes and made a pair for Jonas 
Susanna & John & my wife 

28"' went to Londonderry to hear when y«' General Court was to sit 
which was to be the next Tuesday 

29"' fitted to go to Portsmouth and got John Bells Horse 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM NOV^ 29 1756 

30"' Set out for Portsmouth and went as far as Alex' Macmurphys and 
there reed an account that the General Court being farther adjourned till 
Tuesday the 14"' of Dec'"^ next 

DECEMBER FIRST 

Was a training at Ens" Goffes 

2'i John Maclaughlin went to Alex'' Macmurphys mill for me for which 
I was to give him half a days work and he got 4 bushells of Indian Corn 
from him & Indented to pay 36V for John Maclaughlin to him for ax Lay- 
ing which he pd for him 

3<i Let John Jewell have a side of Sole Leather at 5-7-0 and a side of 
upper Leather at 7 £ and he let me have a green hide at 4-6-0 and took 
his note of hand for the overplus with intrest at 2/6 pr pound till pd and 
went to New Boston to Tho'* Smiths for a Steer I had there 

4"' returned home with the Steer 



MATTHEW PATTEX'S DIARY. 33 

S''* Mr. Houston Lectured iu the forenoon from the 27"^ verse of y^ 5 of 
Matth"' ye 33'^ and preached in the afternoon on the 10* Chapter of Matth'*' 
and 12 verse 

6"^ got my horse shoos set with James Kennedy he steeled two of the 
shoos at the toe and all four at the heel and writ a deed from Widow 
Chandler to Matth"' Little 

7"^ John Little cut and Halld a load of wood for me and I made him a 
fore plain 

gth -vvrit a deed for widow Chandler from her to Tho" Boies 

11^'' Lieu' Moor helped me to kill my hogs which weighed 422 £ 

12'^" Mr Houston Lectiu-ed in the forenoon from the 33 verse of the 5"^ of 
Matth'**' to 38"^ verse and preached in the afternoon from the 10* of Matth"' 
and 12 

13*^ Prepared to go to Portsmouth 

14* Set out for Portsmouth in order to finish Tax affair 

26* returned home again and got the act for a Tax on the land in Bed- 
ford to pass the Lower & upper house & Left it in the Governors hands to 
see if he would attend to it and on the 23'^ I took the proper Oaths of a 
Justice of the peace and on the 24"* Delivered a Certificat to the Clerk of 
the peace therein from the secry 

29* Bought 62)^' £ of butter from James Hunter for 6^ 6'' pr £ amounted 
to 20-6-3 O: T: and pd him 6-10-0 in paper bills and a Dollar 

30* Got 3 bushel of Indian corn from Thos** Kennedy in what he owed 
me of the remainder of Two Steel traps and there was one bushel of Indian 
Corn more comeing to me of sd traps 

31^' Lent James macnight a Dollar 

JANUARY FIRST 1757 

Was a hail and Rain 

3'! borrowed 2 bushel of rie from John Maclaughlin Jun"" and took 2 
bushel of Corn that I had of Tho" Kennedy and got all ground at Callwells 
and let James Walker have a Dollar on James Macnights account pr 
Tocken that he borrowed on me Last week and sent it to Sam^^ Paterson 
by Isabel Maclaughlin 

5^^ went a hunting 

6* hunted in Company with W" MacDowell Sam^^ Cochran John Little 
& Tho" Maclaughlin and got a Deer apeice 

8* Bought 2 hind Quarters of Venison from Sam^^ Richards 44 weight 
a 1/6 pr £ amounting to 3-6-0 O : T : 

11* went a hunting and helped to kill a yearling Buck with The"* Ken- 
nedy 

12* Killed a Doe Fawn and a YearHng Buck 

13*'* Carried the meat out to the path 

15* brough it home 

17"* attended on an arbitration between Maj' Goffe and 'Capt Bushnell 
& bushnell gave me Two Dollars which I paid to Goffe and 6 / more of my 
own on account of Chees 

18* writ a Deed from Wido.v Chandler to Capt Moses Barron and 
3 



34 IVIATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

another from her to Capt Chamberhu and went iu the Evening to see her 
married to Andrew Bradford and she paid me for writing ChamberHns 
Deed and one to Tho^ Boies and another to Matth'' Little 

20*'^ went to Oalfs in Chester for a peice of Oloath he had di-essing for 
me he had sent it by James Walker and I paid his mother 1-12-0 O : 
T : there being 8 yds of Dressed Cloath according to his books and Hugh 
Blair came to my house that night 

24th ^veiit to John Burns for Will'" Caldwell with two Discharges and 
Charged him 20** old Tenor not pd and went in the afternoon to arbitrate 
between Maj'^ Goffe and Capt Bushnell 

25"^ Hugh Blah- was after Maj'' Goffe and 26"^ gave up om- judgement 
in the Evening attended on the Selectmen and -wTit and ackowl edged a 
Deed from John Holms to Robert Holms 

29"^ Hugh Blair was after Maj"^ Goffe reed 40 £ from John Thomas on 
account of Mr Livermores 3'' Division 

3P' Hugh Blau- was after Maj'' Goffe was a thaw and a considerable 
rain and I Granted three Deer Skins 

FEBRUARY FIRST 

Robert Mackeen Come and Complained of himself for Idlling a Deer 
and paid 5 £ O : T : as a fine 

The first five days of this month Hugh Blair Thrashed at Patersons 

gth Hugh Blair came to me from Patersons 

7"^ I was taken with a pain in the joyning of my hijips so that I was 
unable to do any work for several days 

10"^ I went to Litchfield to hear the case Tryed Between Will'" Holms 
wife and Patrick Taggart and reed 10 £ O : T : from Tho" Parker on ac- 
count of my surveying for the to^\ai of Litchfield and alowed himfto re- 
'ceive the remainder for what I owed him for shugar and a Quart of Rum 
the sum being 6-10-0 O : T : 

11"^ got 2 bushell of Potatoes from Gawin Riddel and gave him 40V 

12*^ bought 8 bushel of Indian corn from John Holms and gave him for 
it 6 £ in mony and B% yd of Checked woolen Cloath for a shirt and my 
wife made it up 

15"^ went watli Patrick Taggart to Will"' Holms to help to agree their 
Differauce but could not 

IQth -wi-it a Deed from Tho^ Maclaughlin to David macClure and two 
bonds and took the acknowledgement and reed 1-7-0 O : T : for it 

25''^ Got a Quart of rum from Majr Gott'e and pd him 18V for it and Bor- 
rowed one pound of shugar from him and got 4 bushel of rie ground & let 
John Callwell have a beaveret Trap and 10 £ in cash 

On the 23'' Hugh Blair began to Brake flax for us 

MARCH 4ti' 

was a training at James Walkers said to be a want of arms 

8"' Set out for Portsmouth and Lodged at Rob' Clarks and reed from 

him John Callwells wages being 29-3-11 new Tenor and gave him 6/8 

new Tenor for his pains 



JIATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 35 

9^^ Arived at Portsmouth 

18"* reed from the province Treasurer ou account of my going to Fort 
dunier in the year 1749 the sum of 22-12-6 and the sum of 18-3-6 for Maj'^ 
Gofte 

19th paid Goffe his at Mr Levits in Exeter all but 12^6'^ which I took for 
my pains of getting the account throw the General Coui't and arived 
home 

And on the 18th I took a Deed from Mr Livermore of his right in Bed- 
ford and paid him 200 £ and gave him a note of hand for another 100 £ to 
be paid in six months without Intrest and left 100 £ in money and 200 £ 
note for Col°'* Walensford for his right in Bedford with Daniel Peirce Esq"" 

22*1 was a training in Bedford and James Matthues Jun'' gave me 8 £ 
Old Tenor for assisting him against Miller Moor and reed 8-7-0 Old Tenor 
from James Karr on account of John Jewels note of hand I had off sd 
Jewel & reed 1-5-0 Old Tenor from John Smith of Gofts town to pay for 
a Deed quitting on land but Did not give me the Deed 

23'! paid John Little 5 £ that I reed from him before I went to Ports- 
mouth to buy Powder 

30"* was our annual march meeting and I was Chose town clerk & sur- 
veyor of timber and Treasurer 

31>*' attended at Co" Goffes and Swore all Peletiah Rusels men being 
twelve and 5 of John Parker and 22 of Col^ Goffes 

APRIL FIRST 

Swore 2 men for Co" Goffe and 7 men for John Parker being 48 men in 
the whole in these two Days 

4'^ was at James Walkers at a Tryal between Patrick Taggai't and Mrs. 
Holms in which Taggart got the case 

5"* was at James Walkers on John Pattens being apprehended by Mar- 
gret Holms for his Getting her with child for which he agreed with her 
for 300 £ old Tenor and he pd Charges 

9"* got a Quart of Rum from James Walker for which I pd him 18V O : 
T : and got 2 £ of Butter from Matth^ Littles wife & Did not pay her and 
swore William Macclintock to an account against Walter Mcfarlands 
estate and reed 20V O : T : from him and gave him no Change 

10"' Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon from the 7"* verse of the 6"' 
Chapter of Matthew and Downward to the verse and preached in the 
afternoon from the 18"* verse of the 5'** Chapter of the Romans 

11"* spent the day in settleing ^vith Mr Houston for what remained due 
to him for what he had preached in Bedford and found it to be 259 £ 16V 
6'^ old Tenor and settled with James Walker for what he had boarded the 
minister and keept their horses since March first 1756 to this day and 13V 
Old Tenor pr day the sum amounted to 55-5-0 old Tenor the settlement 
was signed accordingly by each party and lodged in my hand 

12"* reed from John MacNeal for John Smith of new boston 11-15-0 Old 
Tenor being the remainder of the price of the Steer I sold him last fall 



si 



•36 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

M*'^ Rob' Neasmith swore a teu shilling bill uew Teuor ou Rob' Mor- 
doch aud tliat he reed it for five pounds old Teuor 

15th gQ^, a Qiiart of Rum from Co'^ Goffe and pd him 18V for it aud 
There lacked ^2 ^ V^ o^ tlie Quart and Hugh Blair went to new boston 
who had helped lue 3 days before 

17th Mr Houston Lectiired in the forenoon from the 6"^ Chap of Mattli"' 
Gospel and on the latter part of the Lords Prayer and preached in the 
afternoon from the 18"^ verse of the 5"' Chapter of the Romans 

18'h Finished makeing 30 Squares of Sashes for Will™ Macclintock the 
size 5 by 7 and let Capt Bushuell have a jill of linseed oyl by Mrs Brad- 
fords order and John Maclaughlin swingled flax for me 

19"^ was Bondsman for Beuj" Smith to Peggy Holms for 110 £ old 
Tenor and John Maclaughlin S"wingled flax for me he in the two Days 
svringled 31 £ 

3P' Got a Quart of Rum from Co" Goffe and Did not pay for it in the 
afternoon was a town meeting in Bedford 

23^1 reed 3 £ old Tenor from Daniel Macmui-phy aud 8V he was to pay 
his Brother Alex'' for me towai'd a pair of snow shoes he had from me 
aud sent Alex'' Macmiu-phy his Deed along with him 

24th ]yjj. Houston Lectured in the forenoon from the 6"' Chapter of 
Matth^'' Gospel from the 16"' verse to the 23d and preached in the after- 
noon from the 5''' of the Romans and 19"' verse 

25th Went to Goffs town prop'^ meeting and was chose moderator aud 
got a Quart of Rum from Mr Goflfe and paid him for a quart I had the 
Thursday before 

26"' returned home again 

27"' John Maclaughlin Jun'^ Swingled flax for me 

28"' John Maclaughlin Juu'' had my oxen aud I went to Sam" Callwells 
and got 4 bushells of Rie ground 

29"' John Maclaughlin Juu' had my oxen 

30"' John Maclaughhn Swingled flax for me 

MAY FIRST 

Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon from the 22*1 verse aud of the 6"' 
Chapter of Math: and preached in the afternoon from the 26 Chap of 
Math: aud 41 verse from these words Watch aud pray that y"^ Enter uot 
into Teiuptation 

2'i Jolm Maclaughlin had my .oxen and Benj" Smith Brought me 38 £ 
old Tenor aud 2 Dollars in Silver more towards the lot on strabury hill 

3'i John Maclaughlin Swingled flax for me 

4*'' Set out for Portsmouth on account of getting the lot for Benj" Smith 
no 3 in the 10"' Rang and John Maclaughlin had my oxen 

5"' Benj'i Smith planted Potatoes for me aud John Maclaughlin swingled 
flax for me 

6"' Was The General Fast in the province 

7"' John Maclaughlin had my oxen aud I returned home again from 
Portsmouth 

8"' Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon for the 27"' verse of the 6"' 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 37 

Chapter of Mattli"' to the end of the Chapter and preached iu the after- 
noon from the 41 verse of the 26 Chapter of Mat: 

9^^ writ a Deed from Garret Rown to Alex'^ Orr and one from Alex'^ Orr 
to Rob' Morrial and took the acknowledgements 

13th ^yj-it; a Deed for James Walker to Sam" Paterson and took the 
acknowledgement and a Bond and a note on account Patersons part of 
pay Come to 15 £ O: T: to be settled by way of accompt 

15'h Mr Houston Lectured on the fii-st 6 verses of the 7 chapter of Math: 
and preached iu the afternoon from these words Quench not the Spirit 

IS'i^ Let Deacon Boies have a Bushel of flax at 3 £ old Tenor and Fin- 
ished makeiug 24 Squars of Sashes for John Bell Senior and gave Will"^ 
Macdugall a note for 5 £ old Tenor with intrest at 12-10-0 pr Ct per annum 
which I borrowed to Carrie on the affiar of Getting the tax for Bedford 

21*' had John and Rob' Holms and Will'" Macdugal helping me to Lay 
up the Log fence round my new land 

22'i Mr MacGregore preached in Bedford from the 3 of Ezk" and IT"' 
verse 

23^^ went to Alex'' Macmurphys mill but got none Ground 

24th went to Goffs tovm propr* meeting and Lodged at Alex' Walkers 
over night 

25"^ Attended three town meetings two had by adjourment and one by 
a warrant the fii'st time in Bedford and acknowledged a deed to Deacon 
Boies and ^^Tit a Caption on an oath for Tho"* Boies Sworn by James Moor 
Concerning a peice of Gold the acknowledgement nor the oath not pd 

30th -weut to Alex"^ Macmurphys mill with four biishel of Rie and could 
not get it ground and carried 2 Bushells of it to Hadleys and got it ground 
there and Crossed at Halls and got 7 shad at the falls 

31^' went to new Boston and Set Alex' Walkers trapp for Beaver and 
Lodged at George Christies 

JUNE FIRST 

returned home again and got nothing 

2^1 went to Namaskeag falls to fish 

3'i got 50 shad for my part and took bonds of Zebediah Heath to appear 
at Blairs on next Thiu-sday at Ten of the Clock iu the forenoon on account 
of passing a Counterfit Bill and Swore Six Evidences for Sam'' Gibson 
against Will'" Holms and my Horse Died the night following and knew 
not what ailed him 

4^'' went to the falls and got 24 shad 

6"i went to New Boston and got a Beaver in the trapp I had sett there 
and Lodged at George Christies 

7"* Came home again 

8"' went to Londonderry and had my Brothers mear 

9"i had Zebediah Heaths appear according to his recognizance but he 
Departed mthout Leave settled with R. P. Moi-rial for Alex' Orr and with 
Orr for Rowan and got 20« worth of Blanks that was my father iu laws 
and Came by Alex'^ Macmurphys and Brought home 4 Bushel of Meal 



38 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

10*'^ weut to Ainoskeag falls to Catch ell and reed 4 £ from Daniel Mac- 
ueal ou account of my surveying roads for him 

ll"i Got 20 Ells for my Divide and Rob' Macmurphy gave me 18 and I 
got a 19 £ salmon and a shad and 2 Laniper ells from Daniel Macueal on 
the above account 

12'^ Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon from the 7 8 9 10 11 & 12 
verses of the 7th Chapter of Matth^ and preached in the afternoon from 
the 5*'^ Chapter of First Thesalouians and 17''^ verse 

15 & 16''i was at New Boston with Will'" Gibson and Charged him 
5£0: T: 

17"^ the Commitee for Glassing the meeting house Came and we formed 
articles of agreement for sashes glass and setting it 

19"> Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon from the Seventh Chapter of 
Matthew and y 13 to y^ 2P' verse & preached in the afternoon from the G 
of Math: and the 33 verse 

31«' reed 1-16-0 old Tenor from Benj" Linkfield for 24 £ of Beaf he had 
fall before last 

22'^ was out along with Alex"' Maccolum running the Lines of no 4 the 
Third Division in merrymac & reed 2 £ O : T : and there is 30V yet due and 
got 17 Quarts of Rum from James Gregg a 3-10-0 pr Gallon and Gave him 
11 £ O: T: towards it and 26V he owed me for the acknowledgement of a 
Deed and recording it amounted to 12-6-0 Old Tenor and run the line 
between James moor and Sam'^ MacConoughy and Charged them 20^/ unpd 

23'i had Benj" Shiiths mear at Alex"" Macmiu-phys mill and got 2 bushel 
of Indian Corn from his wife 

27* Got 18 Quarts of Rum more from James Gregg in the whole being 
8 Gallons and 3 Quarts amount in all at 3-10-0 per gallon to 30-12-6 old 
Tenor and now remains due to him 18-6-6 O: T: 

JULY 4* 

Sold no one in the second rang in Goffs town on the north side of Pis- 
cataquog river to James Matthues of Bedford for 275 £ Old Tenor with 
Intrest at 2/6 per £ 

6*'^ went along with Will™ Campbell to Litchfield to see to setle with Mrs 
White but she was gon from home 

7 was at an examination of evidences between James Matthues Junr of 
Bedford and James moors wife of Merrymac Concerning Fifteen Yards of 
Linin Cloath that James matthues had stole from him 

10"" Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon from from the 18th to the 24 
verse of the 7 Chapt of Math: and preached in the afternoon from the 33'' 
verse of the Gf" Chapt of Math: 

11* Set out for Boston & had John Bells horse 

14"" returned home and pd Phineas Underwood the Tax ou Co" Wal- 
lingfords Third Division being No 67 Containing 80 acres 

17* Mr Houston Lectiu-ed in the forenoon from the 24"' verse to the end 
of the 7"" Chapter of Math: and Preached in the afternoon from the 35"" 
verse from the 12* Chapter of Mat: 

18* went to a town meeting 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 39 

20"> John Bellbrought 10 £ of Butter to us to be paid in silver 
22<i went to New Boston along with Mr Jenldns of Boston as far as 
Deacon Cochranes and had Sam'' Patersons horse for which Mr Jenkins 
Gave nie a Dollar 

26"' went to Goffs town to Deacon Karrs and Divided off 50 acres to 
Will'" Karr off the west side of his fathers Lott and writ a Deed and took 
the acknowledgement and Will'" Karr was to go to Will'" Stinsons and 
bring me 4 bushel of Corn to my house for the same and I gave him 8 £ 
old Tenor to pay for the Corn and had James Kennedys horse 

27"' Reed 8 £ from Mrs Gibson 5 £ of which was on account of my going 
to New Boston with her son William to Look a lot no 121 
28"' went to James Nochars Barn Raising in the afternoon 
29"' Will'" Karr brought me 3 bushel of Indian Corn from William Stin- 
son and brought back the 8 £ I gave him for to pay for it for they Could 
not make Change 

AUGUST FIRST 

went to Adam Wiers and got 21 yds of Duble Diemity for which he 
charged me 10 £ not pd and had James Wallace Cradleing rie and Ebenz'' 
Hackett binding up for me in the afternoon and sold to said Hackett the 
Common Land by Joseph Kennedys for 40 Dollars to be pd in 6 months 
■\vith intrest till pd 

2'' Went to Sam'' Callwells to an Examination of Evidences between 
James Matthiies and martha moor which Detained us till next morning 
and reed 3 £ of change from my Br out of an 8 £ bill which I sent with 
him to get me a Syth which Coast 5 £ and had James Wallace Cradling 
rie in the forenoon and had Hugh Mclnnish takeing up rie and Binding it 

4"' James Wallace finished Cradleing my Rie and Charged me 45V pr 
Day he was 3 days in all amounting to 6-15-0 old Tenor 

S'h Gave Ebenz' Hackett a deed of Common laud by Joseph Kennedy 
for 9 £ sterling and took his obligati(in for the money and Writ a Deposi- 
tion for Ann Gibson Concerning Rob' Giffins wife & Caption thereon 

6*'' Lent John Maclaughlin 5-18-0 old Tenor and Sowed Tm-nip seed 

8"' reed 30V from Alex'' MacColuni on account of his Father which he 
owed me and 10 £ for the tax on Mr Lows land in Bedford to Give to the 
Collector 

11* went along with Archibald Stark to Eliots and gave a Warrant of 
Apprisement to Daniel MacNeal and Willia"^ Eliot to apprise tliree Colts 
said Stark had pounded for which he gave me 4 £ old Tenor and I reed 4 £ 
old Tenor from Daniel MacNeal on account of my time about Derryfield 
highway 

12"' Bargained away my Land by James Karrs to Robert Matheis for 
450 £ old Tenor being 188 acres of it and my Wife was taken with her 
Travail pains and I went for the midwife in the evening and had Francis 
Barnets mare 

13"' My wife was Delivered between one and 2 aClock in the Afternoon 
of a man Child and I Gave Rob* Mathies a deed of the Laud I sold him 
yesterday and took his note for 20 Dollars to be paid on Demand with in- 



40 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

trest at 2^' pr £ but promised that if he pel me them in two months I 
wonlcl not take any Intrest and another note for 55 Dollars with the same 
Intrest to be paid in a year 

14"^ Carried the midwife home again and pd her her charge being 40V 
in the afternoon there was an Eclipse of the Sun being annnalar but it was 
cloudy and so could not be seen 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM AUGUST 14«^ A D 1757 

15"^ went to Londonderry for Mary Scobey to take care of my wife and 
had Francis Barnets mare and John Callwell Brought my mother in Law 
over 

16* Let John Caldwell have a Deer sldn and four pounds in Cash and 
took home Francis Barnets mare who would not take anything for what I 
had her to use 

18* began to mow in my meadow 

20* went to Derryfield to the Vendue of Three Colts that Archibald 
Stark had pounded on the 9 & 10* Instant and Taxed the Bill Being for 
Damages and Charges 26-16-6 and reed 4 £ old Tenor for my Day 

2P' John Caldwell came and Carried my mother in Law home again 

23'i went to Alex'' Macmurphys mill and had Matth^ Littles mare the 
Hie was carried there June 23^' and took 3 bushel of Indian Corn which I 
had from Will'" Stinson 

24t'> had John Bell Junr and Archibald Macalaster helping me mow 

25* had John Bell helping me mow 

27* had Sam'^ Patersons horse and Carried Mary Scobey home who 
would not make a charge for her time and I gave her 4 £ old Tenor and 
came home by Alex'^ Macmurphys and brought home about 2 or 3 bushel 
of Indian meal and writ 3 bonds for Tho^ Maclaughlin to his father and 
gave Sam'i Gibson a summons for six e^T-dences to be sworn on Friday the 
2<i of September at James Walkers Vs Holms 

30* had John McAlester and Jos Bell helping me Rake hay and we 
Cocked it by moonshine for which I gave them Twenty Shillings O : T : 

31**' Began to mow in the Little Meadow & Broke the heel of my syth 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

Got the heel of my syth mended and Carted 5 load of hay in out of my 
meadow 

2^ swore some evidences for Sam^'. Gibson against Will'" Holms and Mr 
Houston came here 

4"' Mr Houston Lectured in in the forenoon on the fii-st Chapter of John 
and Preached in the afternoon on the being the first sermon ever preached 
in our meeting house 

5* swore 2 evidences for Sam^i Gibson against Will'" Holms and set out 
for Portsmouth being summoned by James Mathies and Mr Houston went 
away 

6* arived there and sit in the sessions the afternoon 

7* sit in the sessions and was summoned by Sam'i Gibsons attorney in 
his Case & Mr Houston came back 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 41 

S"* was smnmoned by Rob* Wallace for his Brother James Concerning 
Archibald Starks Impounding a Colt of his and he gave me 10/ and at- 
tended all day and Mr Houston went away again 

9*-^ attended as an e\ddence 

10"^ arived home 

11th ^Ij. Houston Lectured in the forenoon on the 12 13 & 14 verse of the 
First Chapter of John and preached in the afternoon from the 4 Chap : 
of Amos and 13 verse 

12"' made a Coffin for James Peters Juu' who Died of the small Pox and 
Charged 4 £ old Tenor 

13* went to a conferance which was proposed -with Mr Houston at the 
meeting house 

14th Brought in the last of my hay out of my meadow 

18"' Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon on the 15 16 17 18 verses of 
the First Chapt of Saint John and Preached in the afternoon from the 
14 and 15 verses of the 3'^ same chapter of the same book 

20"' attended on the Selectmen Concerning the tax in the forenoon and 
attended a town meeting & Lida Roby came to live mth us 

21^' assisted the Selectmen and Drawed the Warrant to the Collector and 
a Bond from the Collector to the selectmen for his performing the Levy- 
ing and Collecting and paying the sum of the tax being 459 : 12 : 11 New 
Tenor according to the Warrant 

25* being Sabbath day attended the fimeral of Benjamin smiths young- 
est Child who Died of the feaver and flux 

26"' went to Tyngs and got several Things and had John Bells horse and 
got them a Poringer that coast 4/6 Bay Money 

27"' went in the afternoon and heard Mr Houston Preach his Popaler 
Sermon from John 5 & 40* verse and got 2 gallon of Rum from James 
Greg Lacking 1^^ Jill and did not pay 

28"' Mr John Houston was ordained in Bedford Mr True of Hampstead 
prayed and Mr Parsons preached from the 1 Chapter of First Timothy and 
11 verse a Mr MacGregore Gave the Charge and Mr True gave the Right 
Hand of Fellowship and Mr White Glosester Concluded by Prayer and I 
paid Adam Weirs son 10 £ old Tenor on account of his Fathers weving a 
peice of Cloath this summer 

29"^ paid Ann Maccolum 30 £ old Tenor on account of a Note she had of 
mine the prinsaple being 26-12-0 and the Intrest amounted to the above 
sum and I reed 50"/ from Ebenz"" Johnson on account of my going to View 
a lot in Goffs town in the year 1756 and took up a Counterfit four pound 
Bill from said Ann Maccolum 

30* Carted home a load of hay from the Little meadow 

OCTOBER FIRST 

Measured of to Hugh Ridell 598 feet of Pitch pine plank for his Dam 
and he gave me an account of what Plank he had last f aull which he said 
was 1030 feet being in the whole 1628 feet for which he is to give me 
Double that measure of Boards for them 

2'i Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon from the verses of the first 



42 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

Chapt : of John and preached in the afternoon from the 12"' Chapt : of 
Luke and 32<i verse 

4th Went and Run round the lot no 71 a home lot for Mr Daniel Sygonie 
for which he gave me 34^' in Silver money and spent aboiit one half hour 
with two New Town men in Converstation and they gave me 5V7'^ in silver 

5'h brought home a Load of hay from the Little Meadow and in the after- 
noon went to a town meeting held by adjoiu-nment 

6* Settled -s\ath Samuel Patterson and gave him 4 £ old Tenor and owed 
him 3-14-0 all but a last and he is to make me a pair of Shoes and John 
which we reckoned in the above sums which was not made when we 
Counted and went to James Greggs and Had a Jill of Rum and gave him 
12V old Tenor and had no Change from him 

7"' sent Mrs Bell a poringer that Coast 4V6'V silver by her Daughter 
Rachel which I got at Tyugs the 26th ult for her 

9"i Mr Houston preached from the 12 Chap of Luke and 32d verse 

10* Lyda Roby went home in the morning all she had been here this 
summer is 4 weeks and 3 Days 

12t'> settled with Mrs Margaret Bell for what Butter we had from her 
this Sumer which was 27 £ and settled at 4V pr £ Silver money and paid 
her all and )^' a pestiereen over which she was to give a pound of Butter 
for The silver I gave her was 2 Dollars and 2 pistereens and one half a 
piestereen by a poringer of Pewter 

13th y^i^ a Supplycation to the Pi-udential Commitee of Goffs town for 
a prop'^" meeting to be held Nov'^^ S"' next 

14'i» Killed one of my Steers and James Linn helped me which weighed 
400 of beaf 70 Hide 21 Tallow amounting at 2V pr £ to 61-7-6 old Tenor 

15'!^ Lent my brother Samuel 18>2 £ of Beaf and paid "William Caldwell 
37-3-11 on a bond which he had from me the year 1751 of 18-10-0 the bond 
bore Intrest from Ocf 4 1752 a 3^' pr m Intrest on Intrest and he paid me 
1-4-0 for my writing 2 Discharges between him and John Burns in Nov''^ 
1756 and going to see them Executed and and got 13 bushell of Potatoes 
from William Moore a 25V pr bushell and agreed to make the sashes for his 
house and help him set the glass for 4 shillings pr squar 

Igth j^j. Houston Lectiu'ed in the forenoon on the Latter part of the first 
Chapter of John and preached in the afternoon from the twelfth Chapter 
of Luke and 32 verse 

18*^ went to the Vendue of Abraham Macneals goods and bought 2 iron 
wadges a 3 £ and an ax at 32V 

19th gQ^ jjjy plough shear Steeled with James Kennedy the steel was 
mine and Col" Goffe swore me as treasurer for the town for the present 
year & went to a town meeting in the afternoon 

20"' I had Thrustou Barnet Come to help me on Elez^ Wells a 3-10-0 pr 
week account for me to go and survey for him and Drawed a Complaint 
for Alex"' Orr against James Gregg for a breach of the peace 

23'! Mr Houston Lectured on the latter end of the First Chapt of John 
and preached in the afternoon from the 12 Chapter of Liike and 32 verse 

24"' let Mr Houston have 60 £ old Tenor of the tax money and took his 
note of hand for it and paid John Bell Jum* 126 £ O : T : by an order from 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 43 

the Selectmen for his Boarding and Shingling the meeting house and he 
pd me his tax being 1-8-0 N : T : 

25t'i pd Hugh Blair 9 £ Old Tenor and 20V by putting a Deed he had from 
Deacon Cochran on Record for what he helped me last fall and winter 

27"! I Idlled my Steer and Lynn helped me he had 62 hide 376 beaf the 
Tallow I did not weigh and let James Lynn have a hind Quarter which 
weighed 94 at 2/6 came to 11-15-0 and William Baruet had the other hind 
Quarter which weighed 96 at 2/6 came to 12 £ 

28 let John Caldwell have 4 £ old Tenor and went to Lo : Derry to help 
settle with Alex'- Caldwell 

29"^ on the same business 

30"! heard Mr MacGregore Preach from the 43*^1 Psalm and verse and 
came home again 

NOVEMBER 

2'' Picked Pine and Jonas got his leg hurt a bringing home the last load 
and I was with the Mr Houston in the afternoon running lines 

4"! Paid Daniel Pierce Esq' 54 £ old Tenor on account of Benj" Smith 
for a Note of 9 Dollars which Note I gave last may for sd Smith toward 
the price of a 50 acre lot of Land he had' from said Peu-ce being no 3 in the 
10 Rang of lotts in Bedford and gave Mr Houston have a Deed from Gauin 
Riddel to him of 10 acres and a bond from him to Riddel for a Deed for 8 
acres and 54 rods which I had writ for them 

8^^ was at a Prop''^ Meeting in Goffes town and lodged at James Karrs 
and pd William Stinson 4 £ old Tenor and what I had done for him about 
his Case and Meshes (?) paid him for the 3 bushel of Corn that I had from 
him by William Karr last summer 

9"i Came home again and went to Gauin Riddels and got fo hiishel of 
Turnips and brought away what boards I left there 

10"» went to Litchfield to Col" Blanchards Barn raising and had Matth^^ 
Littles mare and he workt at the highway for me and I was to ask advice 
of the Col Concerning Matth* Littles Swap with Benj" White and tarried 
all night at Gibson 

U*'' came home again and reed 31V O : T : a fine from Sam" Caldwell 
for Hugh McDuff ee for swearing one Pi'ophane Oath and Did as much 
^\^-iting for Phineas Lund as came to 40V O : T : and reed the money 

12"^ pd Sam'i Patersou 3 £ O : T : being in full of all I owed him for his 
makeing Shoes for me 

13"! Mr Houston Preached from the 6 Chap" of Epesians and 19"^ verse 

14th William Taggerts son John Came to me to work & I was to give 
him lOV pr day and I set up the grave stone to my Fathers Grave and 
put two stones to Math^ grave 

15*'^ John workt at the highway and I went to his Fathers and surveyed 
his land and Col" Clark was to pay the coast and I charged 50V massachu- 
setts money for surveying j^laning and Scpiaring the Chainmen and -svi-it- 
ing the Caption thereon 

16"' John Taggert went to Alex"" Macmurphys mill and he sent me 2 



44 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

busliell of Indian Meal and a bushell of Rie Ditto and about three fourths 
of a bushell of Wheat Do 

and on the IS*!^ John Goffe had my oxen 

17**^ was Thankesgiving 

18*^'^ Vilot came to our House to work 

19*11 settled with Richard Ayers for what Sole Leather I had from his 
last year being 36X £ towards which I let him have one hide weighing 35 
and another 43 and pd him the remainder being 13-19-0 and John workt 
at the highway and I went to John Davises to agree with him for to Clear 
some land on no 26 in the 2 Rang and measured 4 acres for to Clear the 
same I offered him 10 £ pr acre and he took it to Consideration 

21**' assisted the Selectmen aid Drawing the tax bill 

22'i went to Baxters and got Some things he brought for me from Bos- 
ton to the amount of 4-18-0 in Silver 

23'i sowed my Rie 

24"i filled a summons for James Mathies Jimr for 20 Evidences to be 
Sworn on Monday next wherein James Moore & his wife are Plan' and 
\vi'it a Notification to the Plan' to be present at the Captions takeing 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM NOVEMBER 24 A D 1757 

26*'^ fell a snow about three or four inches deep and I himted but got 
nothing 

26"' John Taggart went home the whole of what he was here was 10 
days 

28 & 29"> and the night between them days I was swearing evidences 
and dra^\'ing their Depositions for James Mathies Juu'' against James Moor 
and at their agreement 

30"' let John Bell have l^g bushel of Rie and am to have Indian Corn for 
it at the Exchange of 1 Jo bushel of Indian for 1 bushel of Rie 

DECEMBER FIRST 

assisted the selectmen in makeing the town and Province rates 

Qth -vvrought at the highway to New boston 

7"' attended the funeral of John Quigs Daughter Elizabeth 

U"' attended the funeral of Isabel Maclaughlin 

14th paid to John Caldwell £ 31 : 10 : Old Tenor to pay for 2 shirts he 
had from Esq'^ Boies and two Dollars he borrowed when he was a soldier 
and for makeing his Leather Britches and the remainder for pocket ex- 
penses being 1-16-0 and reed 35-6-10 old Tenor from Mr Andrew Bradford 
on the acct of a bond and a Note I had of his 

15"' my wife went to Lo : derry and had John Maclaughlins Jun' mare 
and I went to Will'" MacDools and got Mr Ashpanwalls mare on tryal in 
order to buy her and killed a buck which Tho^ Miller and James Aiken 
had wounded & they gave me half the meat 

16"' went and accompany ed Mr Houston home with his wife from Mr 
Underwoods 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 45 

17'*^ reed a Beavers skin from Johu Wortliley that he owed me for the 
lioan of 2 trapps and I bought 2 sable skins one Mink one Otter one Fisher 
skin of him and gave him 18 £ old Tenor for him and James Kennedy set 
a shoe on Mr Ashpanwalls mare for me and I gave him one half peistereen 

18"^ being Sabbath day was a most Tedious storm of Snow and no per- 
sons went to meeting The Wind about N B E and blowed Exceeding hard 
and Snow Drifted 

20'^ went to Goflfes town to a prop""^ meeting by adjournment and got a 
pair of Leather britches that Mrs Voce made for me she owed me the one 
half makeing on acct of a table and the other half he owed me by writings 
done about David Smiths affairs and his 

2lst I got 3)^' bushel of Indian Corn from John Bell and I got it Ground 
into Meal at Col" Goffes 

22*1 1 bought a mare and saddle from Mr Tho^ Ashpanwall for 18 Dollars 

24"^ Got 2% bushel Rie ground into meal at Goffe and my wife came 
home from Lo : Derry 

25'h Mr Houston Preached from the 6 chapt of Ephesians and 19"^ verse 

26"^ assisted the Selectmen in makeing the town rates 

29'*^ reed 2 Dollars and a pistereen from Henry Ferguson being tlie tax 
on his land in Bedford for both years the Quantity being 65 1^ acres and 
put up a window for John Bell in the fore side of his house and had the 
Commitee examin my acets for Getting the tax on the land in Bedford and 
was alowed 222-18-1 old Tenor and reed an order on the Collector for the 
same and lent John Maclaughlin 34 shillings old Tenor 

30*^ administered four oaths about a Counterfitt 4 £ bill to William Alld 
and his wife and Beuj" Walton and he on Hezekiah Love joy and he on 
Will'" Hogg 

JANUARY FIRST 1758 

Being Sabathday Mr Houston Preached from Ephesians the sixth chap 
and the 19 verse 

2'^ took up and Counterfitt eight £ bill from Lieut John Moor and he 
swore it on Johu Gillmore of London : Derry and bought 10 Dollars from 
David Macnight and gave him 60 £ old Tenor for them 

3'' reed from Lieut John Moor his and his son John s Province rates and 
1-5-0 old Tenor towards their town rates 

4t'> pd William MacDugal 34 £ old Tenor 3-19-8 being the intrest due on 
his money to this day and the remainder being 30-0-4 to the Prinsaple and 
alowed 4 £ in the said 34 which Matth"' Little gave him so that the sum he 
reed in speeia from me was 30 £ and reed 2 £ old Tenor from Ebenez'' Cos- 
ton toward 25 / in silver he owed me 

5^^ pd Mr Tho^ Aspinwall 3 Dollars and offsett Ten Dollars wth Major 
White which he engaged to pay Aspinwall for me and I gave my note to 
Sami' Patten for 60 £ old Tenor which he was to pay as his part of Charges 
in Goffes town and Changed recets accordingly 

6^'' James Kennedy Drawed a rod for me and welded it to a bitt to Boor 
for Gun rod places in Stocks 

8"' Mr. Houston preached from Ephesians 6 & 19 



y 



46 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

9*^^ James Kennedy shod my mare and made 2 new shoes all my iron 
except about fo ^^^ old shoe 

10*'^ was not well and Daniel Macmnrphy went up with his wife to new 
boston 

12"^ I went to Lo : Derry and settled with Elias Dickey's Exec"" my aver- 
age was 6-12-1^4 and what things I bought at Vendue came to 10-13-11 so 
that I pd him 4 £ old Tenor 

13"^ assisted Robt Macmurphy in examing John Jamesons papers and 
his uncle Alex'^^ 

14"! Came home again and he gave me 2 bushels of Barley 

15"> Mr Houston preached on Ephesians 6 & 19 

16*'^ it began to snow and fell upward of 20 inches deep a very solid sno^v 
it fell in less than 24 hours 

17"^ let Sam'i Cochrane have my mare to Aunis Orrs wedding 

19'^^ he brought her home again and gave me 3 £ old Tenor for her Joui*- 
ney 

20"^ went to Goffes mill and got 1^ bushels of rie ground into meal and 
reed a calfs skin from Capt Barron which he had a tanning for me 

22'^ Mr Houston Lectured on a part of the 3d chapter of Johns Gospel 
there was but 15 persons at the meeting by reason of the snow which was 
Deep and poor paths 

27"' Hugh Mclnnish Thrashed for me and I was away Veiwing no 12 
in the 4th rang in order to Swap my two home lotts (viz no 38 & 40) with 
Capt Barron for sd no 12 

28"* got 23^ bushels of rie ground being what Hugh Mclnnish tlirashed 
the day before and agreed with Capt Barron on the above swap and was 
to exchange even & William Macdugal ciit wood for me 

29*'* Mr Houston Lectiu-ed on ye 3d Chap'"^ of Johns Gospel this day there 
was but 11 persons at meeting 

30"* filled up the Deed between Capt Barron and I but did not sign them 

31**' Sani'^ Pater son came to me to mend shoes 

FEBRUARY FIRST 

Set out to go to Mr Lunds in Merrymac and went as far as Benj" Smiths 
and was so much out of Case that I came home again 

2^ Sam^i Paterson finished mending shoes and charged me £1-10-0 old 
Tenor 

3<^ spent the day in Drawing a warrant to the Collector and Recording 
the tax 

4th There was a Violent Wind and the snow Drifted very much 

5'^ Mr Houston Lectured on the last Verses of the Third Chapter of 
Johns Gospel there was 15 persons at Meeting this day 

gth Hugh Mclnnish Thrashed for me and I reed a Deed from Capt Barron 
of no 12 in the fourth Rang in Bedford and Col" Goffe came to Capt Bar- 
rons and took the acknowledgment and I gave Capt Barron a Deed of nos 
39 & 40 home lotts on Merrimack river and acknowledged Deed at the 
same time 

9"* John Bell brought me a bushel of Indian Corn with what I had be- 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 47 

fore made 4>^ bushel and lent me 2 bushel of Indian and I went to mill 
and got 2i'2 bushels ground into meal 

W^ went to William Duncans Junr and Got 5^.^ Quarts of Molasses 1 lb 
of Chocolate 2 ounces of tea & 2} A doz" of Black horn Bottons & an Alma- 
nack 

12"' Mr Houston Lectured on the fore part of 4th Chap'' of Johns Gospel 
this day we met in meeting house and see the star Venus as soon as meet- 
ing was ended 

13"' let John Bell have Ifa bushels of Rie which with 1}4 bushels of 
Rie he had got before was in Exchange for the 4^2 bushel of Indian men- 
tioned on the 9^^ Instant and see y"^ aforesaid Star in the afternoon 

U"' spent the afternoon with the Selectmen in finishing the Land tax 
assessment and went to Goffs and brought hom a bushel of Indian meal 
which I had there 

15'^ finished putting the Land tax & warrant on "Record and went to the 
Collector with them and Qiialified him 

18"' writ a Deed of the Lott no 25 a Third Division in Bedford from 
John Tufts of Frankfort to Daniel Moore of sd Bedford and sent to James 
Little and got 4 £ of butter 

19"' Mr Houston Lectured from the 10"' to y 19"' verse of the 4 Chap" 
of Johns Gospel 

22^1 Borrowed one bushel of Indian Corn from John Bell and got it 
Ground into Meal 

24"' my mare Dyed which was taken with the Botes and Staggers the 
Botes fastened in the entrance of her maw and stopped the Passage and as 
I was a pouring some molasses and Butter into her she strangled and Dyd 
and gave Sam'^ Gibson the deposition I took for him to go to September 
court to go to His and Will'" Holms arbitrators 

25th Drawed a Coppy of William Barnets & Martha McKiuney Deposi- 
tion for Will"' Holms 

26"' Mr Houston Lectured from the 19"' to the 25"' verse of the 4 the 
chap''' Johns Gospel 

27"' went to William Duncan Jun'' and got 514 Quarts of molasses and 
got one bushel of Rie ground at Goffes mills and was Summoned to appear 
at Sami' Rankins to give Evidence of what I knew in the Case between 
Will'" Holms and Sani'^ Gibson 

MARCH FIRST 

Went to Lo : Derry to give evidence concerning Mrs Gibson and Mrs 
Holms 

2*1 Waited all day at Rankins till the arbitrators had sealed up their 
Judgments and was not Called on and went a Lodged at Mr Aeyers 

3'^ bought 2 shirt Cloaths of Checkquered linin from James Ramsey for 
John Caldwell and pd 17-10-0 for them at 50V pr yd & Came home again 
and got my steel trap from John Barnets which he brot from CharlestoAvn 
last fall and got 5}4 Quarts of Molasses from Will"' Duncan Jun'' which I 
pd him 4 £ for 

4"' borrowed 2 bushel of corn from John Bell & got it Ground into meal 



-48 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

and assisted the Selectmeu and Drawed a Warrant for a the March meet- 
ing 

5"! Mr. Houston Lectured from the 25"^ to the 39t'> of the 4*'^ Chapter of 
Johns Gospel 

6"^ Got 1}4 bushel of Turnips from Lieu' Moore and lie would take noth- 
ing for them 

IC^ borrowed 3 butter tubs fulls of Indian Corn from Patersons People 
and got a bushel of Rie ground into Meal 

11"^ got 2}^ bushel of the Corn I got from the Patersons ground and had 
my Brs mare to mill and Mr Harris Jun' Came to me to work 

12"^ Mr Houston lectured from the 39"^ to the end verse of the 4^'^ Chap- 
ter of Johns Gospel 

13"^ Vilot went home and I got 7 £ & 10 ounces of Butter from James 
Little and Rob' Macmurphy sent me about Killing Deer by William 
Holms 

15"^ James Kennedy made me 3 small plain Irons the Steel was mine 
and the iron was his 

16"^ I bought 5 Red fox skins and a Black Cats skin from Will'" Moore 
of new boston for 15 £ old Tenor and I paid him 7-7-0 and the Rest is 
Due 

17"^ borrowed 2 bushel of Indian Corn from John Bell 

18"^ Mr Harris finished Turning my" great and Straight Body Coat and 
Charged me 10 £ and received 8 £ old Tenor from John Maclaughlin to- 
wards his Rates and at the same time reed a Note of hand from said Mac- 
laughlin of 8 £ old Tenor against John Mash to recover from him and I 
vn-it a pair of Indentures for Alex"' Walker and Charged him 32V old 
Tenor and he gave me a 30V bill with one Cliaracter gon to get changed in 
the Treasury 

19"i Mr Houston Lectured in the Beginning of the 5 Chap of Johns Gos- 
pel 

22'! borrowed 2}2 bushell of Indian Corn from Gavin Riddel and had his 
mare to go to mill I got l}.^ bushel of it ground and a bushel of Rie being 
the last of my Rie 

23'! went to William Duncans Jun' and got 5^£ Quarts of molasses & 3 
pounds of shugar a 12V pr £ and a pound of Chocolate a 32V amounting in 
whole to 7-13-0 and paid 6-10-0 of it 

24"^ James Lynn helped me to kill my Hoggs and I bought 4 red fox 
skins from George Christie and gave him 8 £ for them 

26"^ Mr Houston in the 5"^ Chapter of Johns Gospel and preached in the 
afternoon fioni the 9 and 10"^ verses of the 9 Psalm 

27th -v^ent to Mr William Lunds in Merrymac to Settle his Estate 

29'^ returned home again and reed 6 £ old Tenor on ye acct and in the 
afternoon attended our annual March meeting and was chose Clerk and 
Treasurer and Surveyor of Timber and Qualified the town officers 

31*' Had my bros mare and went to John Holms and got 4 bushel of 
Indian Corn which I pd liim for last year and got it Ground into meal 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 49 

APRIL FIRST 

DraAved an acct for Rob' Mvirdogli on the Coiiit*''" of war for the Proviuce 
of New Hampshii-e and attested the same 

2'i Mr Houston Lectui-ed in the forenoon on the fifth Chapter of Johns 
Gospel and preached in the afternoon on the 9th and 10th verses of the 9th 
Psalm 

3<^ was our annual meeting by adjournment and attended the same & 
John Bell Junr brought 5^^ Quarts of molasses from Will™ Duncan which 
I am indebted for 

4'h Sani'i Patterson Soled and heeled taped a pair of shoes for me and I 
writ indentures of Jos Bell to Francis Barnet for which John Bell was to 
pay me 30V old Tenor 

5th iiad John Bells horse to Litchfield and got 4 bushel of Corn from 
James Underwood and gave him 3-10-0 Silver money for it and got it 
ground at Capt Chamberlains for paying for the toll which I am indebted 
for 

10"' set out for Newbury and had Will'" Barnetts mare 
11"' bought 3 bushel of salt from James Duncan and paid for it and 
brought aw^ay 2 bushel of it and one I have yet to get and sold Mr Carter 
22-3-6 Mass O : T: worth in furs 
12"' returned home again 

13"' finished makeing 78 squars of Sashes for Will''' Moor & James Ken- 
nedy hooped a pott for me with 2 hoops 
14'*' Was the Provincial Fast 

15"' James Kennedy Hooped a pot for me and Drawed gun stick Bitt rod 
anew for me and writ a Letter of Recommendation for Mr. James Under- 
wood to the Governor for a Cornorer and got 17 £ of sheeps wool and ^o 
£ of peper from James Little which he bought from Boston for me for 
which I sent 5 Dollars 27V 6 penies and a pistereen the wooU was UV per 
£ the peper was 10 V I reed no Change 

17"' set out to go to Joynt-grass to Joseph Fletchers to get Corn and Rie 
that James Underwood had spoke for and had Rob' Gillors horse and bor- 
rowed 4 Dollars from my mother and 3 from James Underwood. 

18*'' bot 15 bushel of Indian Corn from said Fletcher a 20V per bushel 
and 5 of Rie a 30V pr Bushel and pd the money in Silver and Brot home 4 
bushel with me 

19"' was training in Bedford and I Beat for John Parker for soldiers and 
I \ATit 2 Deeds one from Tho^ Gregg to Will'" Moor of Londonderry and 
took the acknowledgement and charged 1-4-0 old Tenor not pd and another 
from Eben'^ Hackett to George Addison pd and Drawed a Complaint and 
Warrant for Alex' Parker of Litchfield against John Moor the 3d of 
L : Derry unpd and bot a double Pistole from Joseph Cochrane for paper 
money unpd and Caused John Taggart to be apprehended for Breach of 
the Peace on James Mathies and appointed him to meet me the next 
morning at 8 of the Clock 

20"' spent fore part of the Day in Drawing a Complaint and Warrant and 
bringing the affair to an agi-eement 
4 



50 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

21^' Got 12 £ and a half of sheeps wool that Gauin Ridel brot from Bos- 
ton for me I sent what money pd for it all but ly 2'^ Mass Old Tenor 

23'^ Mr Houston Lectured in forenoon in 5 Chapter of Johns Gospel and 
preached in the afternoon from the 9 & lO''^ verses of the 9 Psalm and 
finished on that Text 

24"^ was oiu- March meeting by adjournment and another meeting called 
this Day 

26"^ was a training 

27"^ was a training and I went to it in the evening and reed a Dollar for 
my trouble and Complaint and Warrant and ^\^.■iting 2 Depositions Con- 
cerning James Mathies Case and J Taggart Will'" Moor Dan^^ Moor and 
Robt Giffins 

28"^ Got 2 bushel of Potatoes from Tho** Boies and a 36V pr bushel and 
Gave him 4 £ and got no Change and got almost a bushel from James Lit- 
tle and Did not pay him 

On the 25"^ I reed a side of upper Leather From Rich<i Ayers which he 
had tanned for me and Carted 5 hides for him to the River and 2 ox hides 
and my mares skin for him to Tann for me for pay 

30"^ Mr Houston Lectured on the Latter end of the 5 Chapter of Johns 
Gospel and preached in the afternoon from the 16 verse of the 28 Chapter 
of Isiah 

MAY FIRST 

pd Will'" Moore of New Boston 6 £ being what I owed him for what 
sale fur I had from him on the 16*'^ of last March and bot a rakoon skin 
from him and gave him 55V for it 

2'i went to Col'^ Goffes and Settled the affair of Alex' Parker of Litch- 
field and John Moor of L : Derry and reed a Johanna from sd Moor pd him 
10-15-0 O : T : in Change that it come to more than the Charges 4 Dollars 
and 16/ Old Tenor was coming to Tho^ Parker for his fees which I reed 
toward an order which Zekeil Mihill gave me on him 

6*"^ paid James Paterson the Indian Corn I borrowed from them on the 
10''^ of March Last and writ Rob* Giflins will and sent by him to Boston 
for a Calf skin and gave him a Dollar to buy it 

T'h Mr Houston Lectm-ed in the beginning of y<^ 6"^ Chapter of John & 
preached in the afternoon on Isaiah 28 & 15 

8*'^ took the Power of Attorney from Ebenz' Hackett and Bot Sam'^ 
Pattersons half of Otter sldn which was between him and me for % ^ I^ol- 
lars worth of ammunition 

9"^ Had Tho^ Maclaughlins and John Bells horse to Joseph Flathers and 
brot away 6 bushell of Indian and 2 bushell of Rie and had it ground at 
Chamberlins for pay and pd John Bell 4 bushell that I borrowed from him 
in winter and sent to Tyngs by John Maclaughlin for 1 £ of powder and 
2% of Lead for Sam" Paterson for his Otter skin 

10"' went to Namasldeg falls and watched that night following in com- 
pany with John Kidder 

14.th ]vir Houston Lectured in the forenoon in ye 6th Chapter of John 
and preached in the afternoon from the 16 of the 28 of Isaiah 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 51 

IS*"^ Reed from Rob' Mackeen 3 £ old to take the acknowledgment of 
the Deed he had from Jno Lyons and to put the Deed on Record and to 
writ his will and he brought me a Calf s sldn and a pound of jinger and an 
ounce of heirspickery that Rob' Giffin brot me from Boston for which I 
have given him 1 Dollar and one English Shilling the Jinger coast oV and 
the Heirspickery 6V 

22<i went to Tho'* Halls and got a Quart of Rum and "svi-it a Notiiication 
for Arch'' Stark to James Wallace to attend to here some affidavits taken 
on the SP' instant at Tho^ Halls and took the , acknowledgment of a Deed 
from Tho^ Hall to Ebenz"^ Wells which was lodged w' me to take it att 
some opportunity and have not reed pay for it my Charges in Thos Halls 
this spring with the rum got this Day is 45V old Tenor 

24"' had Robt Badger and my Brs mare and plough a furrownng my 
land 

29"' had James and Daniel Moor and John Gihnoor and Will'" Macdugal 
and Nathaniel Paterson helping me to plant my Corn 

30"' had Daniel Moor and Nathaniel Paterson helping me to finish my 
planting and I went to Namaskieg 

31^' took 3 Depositions for Archibald Starke and a pint and a jill of Rum 
and a mug of Cyder at Tho** Halls and got 44 £ of Salmon for my part 

JUNE 2'i 

Sent a Quantity of Money by Col" Goffe to Rob' Clark to get Exchanged 

at Portsmoiith of Divers persons 

7"' Shared at the setting place 3 Salmon and part of another 

8"' Granted a writ to Henry Barton against Josiah French both of 

Holies to be tryed on Tuesday the 27 of this instant 

On the 2d I went to Litchfield and got 4 bushel of Corn from James 
Underwood and gave him a Johanna and alowed him to buy me corn with 
the overplus being 6 Dollars and got a hat which John Parker brought 
from Portsmouth for me and I bought a horse from Widow Russel in 
Litchfield and a Bridle for 20 Ki Dollars and I pd her the % Dollar and gave 
her my note of hand for 20 Dollars of Old Tenor equal thereto on or before 
the 24th of Ocf^ next 

8 & 9"' fished at Namaskeag falls and got 120 Shad and I gave Rob* 
Macmurphy 10 of them and I got 4 shad and a small Salmon for my part 
from the setting place Will'" Peters fished for me by y*' halves 

10"' took two Depositions for Archi'* Starke and bot 1 otter and 2 sable 
skins from Ebenz'' Martin for 3 £ in Dollars and gave him a Dollar which 
I got from Starke on the 8"' instant I sold my saddle this week to John 
Little for 2>^ Dollars and reed 2^ and filled a Court writ for Will'" MacDii- 
gal against Benj" Linldield which answered for 2 days he helped me one 
last Winter and one in May last 

12"' Writ a letter for Ar'' Starke to Mr Livermore Esq'' and went a frol- 
icking to Namaskeag with my wife and borrowed from Tho" Hall 40y and 



52 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

pd Ebeu'' Martin for otter and sables I bot of him and gave Hall 6 £ old 
Tenor for the 40V borrowed and 4 £ toward my fishing expenses 

IS^h Went to Namaskeag falls and returned home again and returned 
home the 16th and got with what I had got before made 320 shad 

17tii writ 4 advertisements for John Taggart for a Colt he impounded 

18"^ Mr Houston Lectured on the 6"^ Chapter of Johns Gospel and 
preached in the afternoon of the 5 6 and 7 verses of the 1st Chapter of 2d 
peter 

19*'^ viTit a warrant for apprizement of the Colt John Taggart pounded 
on the 17"^ and Drawed a Complaint and warrant for Moses Stiles against 
Caleb Joans and took a note for the same and reed 113-10-0 old Tenor 
prinsaple from Rob' Mathies and the intrest which was due on 450 £ for 
10 months a 2V pr £ which was 37-10-0 O : T : 

21"' Archibald MacColom finished makeing shoes at our house and I pd 
him his charge being 20 £ and while he was here I got a side of sole 
Leather from my brother of Richard Ayers leather the weight was 14 £ 
and I set out for Boston and got the bridle from Capt Moor which I boiight 
along witli the horse from Widow Russell 

26"^ Retiu-ned home again 

27"^ was a tryal between Henry Barton and Josiah French both of Hol- 
ies 

30"' had James Kennedys horse and plough plowing among my corn and 
Naf'i Paterson helped me all day and Rob' Badger and George Cowan 
helped me in the afternoon 

JULY FIRST 

Rob' Badger helped me all Day and I had John Maclaughlius mare to 
plow about an acre 

2^" Mr Houston Lectured in his ordinary place of Lecturing and preached 
in the afternoon on the 5 (3 & 7 verses of the 1 Chapter of the 2d of Saint 
Peter 

3'^ had Natli" Paterson help me all day and James Moor and John Gil- 
moor made a days work for James and Daniel Moor howed one row more 
than James and I had my brothers mare to plow about an acre 

4"' pd my br his part of the money that Rob' Mathies pd me for Land 
being the one third and borrowed a Crown peice in Silver and set out to go 
to Chelmsford for Corn and got 2 bushel of Indian and 2 of Rie from 
Lieut Beuj" Parker a 20V for Indian and 30V W bushel for Rie and got 4 
bushel of Indian from Josiah Fletcher a ig a Dollar pr bushel and got 2 of 
Indian and 2 of Rie Ground at Capt Chamberlins mill and had the Toll 
and came home in the evening and left the other 4 bushel of Indian at 
Parkers** in Chelmsford and pd 8 £ to William Eayi's pr order of John Cald- 
well 

10th "VVilliam Howard brot the 4 bushels of corn to Mrs Underwoods that 
I left at Parkers'* on the 5"' instant 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 53 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM JULY 10"^ 1758 

12th Went to Joseph Fletcliers aud got 5 bushel of Indian Corn and 3 of 
Rie being what I bot of him and had Rob' Murdochs horse and drawed it 
up to Mrs Underwoods and brought a bushel of Indian Corn hisme 

13"^ pd John Bell the bushel of Corn which I brot home the Day before 

16"^ went to New Boston a with a Web to Jolm MacAUester and had 
Hugh Ridels mare for my ■\vif e to Ride on 

16"» Bot Timber of Andrew Walker of White pine to make 8 M of 
Boards at 30V per M came to 12 £ aud pd him the money aud bot a thou- 
sand of boards from John Blair and another from Tho^ Willson for 10 £ pr 
M & pd John Blair 10-10-0 aud paid Tho^ Willson 7 £ aud Retui-ued home 
again 

17"^ I mowed for my Br Sani'i from about 9 a Clock till night and writ 
a Deed from James Mathies Jun'^ to John Wallace and Mathies gave me 
1-10-0 old Tenor and tlie acknowledgment Wallace did not pay 

18"' helped my Bror Sam'^ to mow in the forenoon and went in the after- 
noon to Mr. Lunds in Merrymac to know what to do Concerning his 
writings and borrowed a bag from Robt Mordoch and brot 4 bushel of 
Indian corn from Capt Cumiugs which James Underwood bot for me 

19t'i Rob' Badger plowed for me in the forenoon with my Br mare to 
about 9 or 10 a Clock and and 

20"' Robt Badger helped me to Plough with my Br Mare in the forenoon 
aud I and Jonas helped him in the afternoon to rake hay 

21*^' I and Jonas helped helped my Bror in the afternoon to Rake hay 

22^' I went to Mr Lunds to know what to do with his ^vl•itings and got 
Mr Tho^ Parker aud D" Barnes to go as Evidences and he ordered me to 
Distroy them and said his estate should Defend me in it and brought home 
8 bushel of Grain (^'iz) 6 of Indian and 2 of Rie from Mrs Murdoch and 
had Tho^ Maclaughlins horse 

23*^ Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon in the 7tli Chapter of Johns 
Gospel from the 24th verse aud Downward and Preached in ye afternoon 
from the 7th Chapter of the Acts and the latter end of the 18th verse 

24'^' Destroyed Mr Lunds Deed according to his Desire Before my Br 
and James Underwood and Rob' Badger ploughed for me mth my Br 
mare from about 9 or ten a Clock till toward night and I made up the bill 
of Coasts for John Taggarts pounding a Colt ou the 17tli of Jiine and Took 
the note for the money in my name from Benj" Swallow of Pepperell be- 
ing 10-1-9 N : T : on demand and sold John Taggart a pair of shoes that 
was made to little for me and am to have y'' market price for them aud to 
be paid out of said Swallows note. 

28"^ Will™ Eayers Jun'' wife Departed this life in a fitt and lie sent over 
a boy to bring us word 

29"' my wife and I v/ent over to the fuueral which was appointed at one 
of the Clock and I got 2 gallons of Molasses lacking one half a pint from 
Jas Ramsey which came to £ 5-10-0 O : T : and pd him the money and 
came home but my wife and child Tarryed 

30"' Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon on the Latter End of the 7tli 



54 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

Chapter of Johns Gospel aucl Pi-eached in the afternoon from the latter 
part of the 18 verse of the 11th Chap* of the Acts 

AUGUST 

2'! went and with William Boies and two of the Selectmen viz James Little 
and Robert Gilmor and Settled with Mr Houston for what time he preached 
mth us before his Ordination from the Uth of April 1757 to the 28th of 
Sepf following and the selectmen from that time to the 25th of March 
1758 

5'h went to Londonderry for my wife and went to Alex"^ Walkers and 
pd for some silk I got May before last and came to Lieut Wiears and pd 
him 22 £ old Tenor for his Mother for Intrest of a sum I owe her and I 
left 2 letters at Rankins to be conveyd to Daniel Peirce and Tho^ Wal- 
lingford Esq'^ by the Post and left orders for him to bring an answer and 
my -svife and I Came to Robert Macclures and Tarried all night and Came 
home on the 6th in the morning 

7"^ pd John Bell all the corn I owed him of what I borrowed of him last 
^^'inter and pd James Walker % a bushell of salt I borrowed of him last 
Fish Time I think it was in the beginning of June last and Reed a War- 
rant of Aprizement by Sam'^ Starke for to apprize the estate of Archibald 
Starke deed along with Tho'^ Hall 

S'** Lent Mr John Houston Two Dollars of Mr Ebenezer Hacketts money 
which is in my hands 

Q*!* had John Bells horse and went to Merrymac and brot away 2 bush- 
els of Indian and 1 of Rie which I had at Mrs Murdochs and 5 and better 
of Indian I had at Capt Cumings and got 32 £ from Mrs Cumings on acct 
of Benj" Swallows coast for J(ihn Taggart pounding his Colt 

10''' pd Sam'i Patten his Charge for priseing and pounding and keeping 
Swallows colt being 3-8-0 Old Tenor and keept Bells horse the night be- 
fore and went to Capt Chamberlins and brot home the 7 bushel of Indian 
and one of Rie I brot there yesterday and Reckoned with him for what he 
had Ground for me this year that I had the toal being 24 bushel and I gave 
him 4 £ and he gave me 34**/ in Change on account of my doing for him 
Concerning a Deed from her that was Widow Chandler and paid Mary 
Orr 54**/ Old Tenor for what she helped us to spinn and there was 21*/ 
more Due to her on the same Acct 

11"' I withTho** Hall apprised Archibald Starkes estate and got \^% £of 
beaf a 4V from John Starke and pd him and got a bushel of Salt from 
Daniel Macneal which Robt Macmurphy brot from Haverhill for me in 
June last which I bot of James Duncan last spring when I was at New- 
bury and Haverhill and did not bring it away 

12"^ pd my mother 4 Dollars which I borrowed from her on the 17th of 
last April and pd her a Pistereen which she sent by me to Buy her a 
Chamber Pott 

13"' went to Londonderry to Mr Macgregores meeting house and heard 
him Pi-each from the latter part of the 159 verse of the 119 Psalm and 
Reed an answer to my letter to Daniel Pence Esq'" by the post 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 65 

14"^ Archibald MacAllester helped me Reap my rie & Mr Harris came 
to work for me to make me jackoat and britches of Black Jermiii serge 

15"^ my br Sam" helped me to mow the meadow lot uo 74 in the fore- 
noon and it began to Rain before we had done and pd him 50V in Silver 
which I borrowed off him the 4tli of last July 

18"> I had James Smith helping me to Rake hay in the afternoon and 
we Raked all the lott no 74 and 3 cocks more being 24 in the whole and 
Harris left my house and went to Benj" Smiths 

19"^ I had Rob' Smith helping me better than }^ the day we put up a 
stack of 21 Cocks on the Lot no 74 

20*'^ About 8 of the Clock in the forenoon I had my horse Gored by a 
Cow in at the near Flank which proved his death the next day about ten 
of the Clock in the forenoon and I went to meeting and heard Mr Hous- 
ton preach in the afternoon from the 4 of the Colossians and 2 verse he 
Lectured in the forenoon in the 8th Chapter of Johns Gospel 

2lst my horse died as I sayd before about 10 a Clock and I strained my 
left foot and was in gi-eat pain with it that afternoon and night following 

22'! lay by by reason of my foot 

23'' ^vTit a letter to Col Goffe by Capt John Stark 

25^'' Had Jam** Smith helping me in the afternoon and about 2 hom-s in 
the forenoon 

26"^ had him helping me and William Barnet helped me to mow in the 
Little Meadow 

27th jyjp Houston Lectm'ed in his ordinary place (viz) in the 8th of Johns 
Gospel and preached in the afternoon from the 4th Chapter of the CoUo- 
sians and 2d verse 

30"' had James Smith helping and Daniel Quig in the afternoon to turn 
and Rake and Stack hay in the Little Meadow we Stacked 36 Cocks and 
Raked and Cocked 37 and Robt Mathies helped me to role up the Cocks 

31^' James Smith helped me and Daniel Quig in the afternoon and 
Benj" Smith about 2 or 3 hom-s of night and we raked and Cocked 46 
cocks and Cocked 44 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

finished naowing in the Little Meadow 

6"^ Sam" Paterson helped me mow in my meadow at home 

8*^ Rob' and James Smith helped me to finish stacking my hay in the 
little meadow I cut 153 Cocks this years in the that meadow viz in 4 Lotts 
sd boys Raked and Cocked 18 Cocks on the 7'*^ instant 

12"i Mr Houston Catechized at the meeting house & my family was 
i'lcluded and Mary came to Spinn at our house in the evening after 
Catechising 

14"^ Finished mowing this morning by the sun an hour and a half high 
and went to meet the corpses of Peter Cochrane from New Boston for 
Londonderry 

15"> went along with Lieut Mors and Jerh Allen to Goffes town and 
showed them no 7 in the 5th rang on the South side of Piscataquog and 
no 1 joyniiig on Whites farm a hundred a forty acre lot and reed a Dollar 
for my pains 



56 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

16*'^ atteudecl the funeral of Oapt Barroiis and got 2 £ of butter from 
John Bell agreed with him for a tub full the price is to be sixth pence less 
than it is in Boston at the time he gos to it 

17th -^j. Houston Lectured in the forenoon on the beginning of the 9th 
Chapter of Johns Gospel and preached in the afternoon from the last 
verse of the 50th Psalm 

18"* James Linn Butchered a heifer for me she had 398 £ of Beaf 48 of 
a hide and llfo tallow and I Carted in the last of my hay oixt of my 
meadow and took the acknowledgment of two Deeds one from Eleazer 
Wells to Orlando Colby pd and another from E Wells to Adam Dickey 
unpd 

3P' was appointed by our minister to Chose Elders I was not there but 
the choice di'opt 

24tii ]y[p Houston Lectiu-ed in the forenoon in the 9th Chapter of Johns 
Gospel and preached in the afternoon on the last verse of the oOtli Psalm 
and appointed those who were chosen as Elders to meet on Monday morn- 
ing to give in their Objections if they had any against serving and 
appointed to preach a Sermon on the next thursday to ordain them 

25*'* my bror & I not being notified by the minister we did not go 
whereon he sent us a letter by Daniel Qnig which we answered they were 
both as Crabid as a Crab tree 

27"* in the morning he sent us a second which was mild Requesting us 
to come and treat with him and give him our advice on some important 
affair either that night or the next morning which we did that afternoon 

28"* which had been appointed for ordination of the Elders was con- 
verted to an election of elders when I was chosen again to that office 

OCTOBER FIRST 

Mr Houston Lectured in his ordinary place and preached in the after- 
noon on the last verse of the 50th Psalm 

S^i was spent in the afternoon with the minister in Conferauce respect- 
ing my being Chosen as a Elder as also did the Others who were Chose 

4"* Brot home a tub of butter from John Bell the tub and butter exclu- 
sive of the lid weighed 88 £ 

8"* I made a Coffin for John Bell Junrs child which was born the day 
before and heard Mr Houston preach in the afternoon on the last verse of 
the 50th Psalm 

10"* was appointed for those who were chosen for elders to be keept as a 
Fast but my br and I did not go 

11"* Spent the afternoon and evening along ^vith Mr Houston 

12"* was appointed for ordination of tlie Elders but such Deficualtys 
appeared that it was deffered and Mr Houston preached the sermon from 
Jeremiah Chapter and verse 

14"* got a heifer from James Mathies for 50 £ old Tenor and bi'ot her 
home 

15"* was Mr Macgregores sacrement and Mr Houston assisted him 

19"* was appointed for those chosen elders to give their answer mine 
was in the positive and had Benj'* Smiths mare to William Duncans and 



MA-TTHEW patten's DIARY. 57 

got 4£ of shiigar and settled with him and pd him 8£ and owed him 
£0-14-0 Old Tenor yet and pd Faset 28V 3'i Silver money an apuss (?) 
Beaver sldn which I had from him last fish time 

20"^ my wife had my bros mare went to oui- uncle Maccm^-dys and came 
home again the 21'*' 

22*1 Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon in the 11th of Johns Gospel 
and preached in the afternoon from the last verse of the 50th Psalm 

28"^ Carted 830 Clapboards to the Meeting house and got 5 bushel of 
Turnips from John Bell for pay and he gave me an % bushel 

29"' Mr Houston Lectured in the forenoon in ye 11th chapter of Johns 
Gospel and preached in the afternoon from the 28th verse of the 11th 
Chapter of 1 Corinthians 

30"' spent the most part of the day with Mr Houston on a debate 
between William Holms and Jam^ Little 

31^' James Linn Butchered a Cow for me which weighed 300 of beaf 
and 53 of a hide and 16 of Talow and we Butchered a cow for my br Sam" 
and he was from home at Monson on a jury 

NOVEMBER FIRST 

I Thrashed 30 Sheaves of Rie which produced 2 bushel and 12 Quarts 
and got it ground in meal and borrowed a bushel of Indian corn from my 
Bro'^ and got it made in meal 

2^^ was apix)inted a Day of Fasting as preparatory for the sacrement 

3d & Fourth Carted home the hay which grew on the Lot no 74 in the 
Little Meadow and Mr Macgi-egore on the 4th preached from these words 
the whole has no need of physician but the sick 

5*^ was the first sacrement in Bedford Mr Houston preached the action 
sermon from the first of Johns Gospel and 29th verse and Mr Macgregore 
preached in the evening from the 73d Psalm and last verse 

6''^ he preached on the last mentioned text and George Addison pd me 
200 £ mth its Intrest for Ebenz' Hackett the Intrest was 8-6-8 5-2-0 of 
which he pd by geting his Deed put on Reed and time spent about it and 
the rest in money being 3-4-8 old Tenor 

9"' I Carted 2 M of Shingles to the River for John Wallace of L : Derry 
which his team Carryed Directly away and I took the sashes of 22 win- 
dows for the meeting house from his team there and Carried them to 
John Wallaces in Bedford 

\Z^^ Divided the Lotts no 113 between William Moor and Rob' Gilmore 
of Merrymac and ^VTit the Quit Claim and spent a Considerable time the 
next day on it and Charged them 6 £ old Tenor and Gilmoor pd me the 
% of it and James Mathies thrashed 2 stocks of Rie for me 

14"' I Borrowed a bushel of Indian Corn from my Bro Sam'' and Got it 
Ground and 2 bushel of Rie and I had his Mare to mill and Will'" Moore 
brought my heifer home from Deacon Williames place and took away his 
Calves and Tailor Harris son took away the Calf I sold him on or about 
the 19th or 20th of August haveing keept it three months 

On Friday the 10th instant there fell a snow about 2 inches Deep and 
spent the most of the Day in planing and Casting Deacon Andrew Coch- 
ranes home place 



58 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

This snow was followed by an exceeding cold turn of weather it froze 
up the River in a great many places said to be the Coldest turn for the 
time of the year Known in Remembrance 

15^^ the extreamity of the Weather abated 

19"^ Mr Houston Lectured in the last of the 11th Chapter of Johns Gos- 
pel and preached in the afternoon from the 50 Psalm and last verse 

21^t I borrowed 2 bushell of Indian Corn from Benj" Smith and he sent 
his son John to mill with it and got it ground and I preambulated the line 
of the meadow lot no 61 for him and I began to draw stuff to make a 
bridge over the brook in my Little Meadow and they gave me a bushel of 
Potatoes 

22<i went to Deacon Cochranes and got some things which Samuel 
Cochrane brot from Boston for me the week before 4 £ wool 6 Do Spanish 
white 2 Do White Lead 1 Do Tea 2 Do Yelow Ockar 2 Do Snuff 

23'^ was the General Thankesgiving & Mr Houston preached from the 
verse of y*^ 97 Psalm 

24"^ I went -v^-ith my oxen and Caft and Gauin Ridel with his oxen and 
Cart up to Robt Morrils place and we brot away 850 unshaved Clapboards 
and 125 shaved the unshaved we carried to John Bell Jun' and the shaved 
I carried to the meeting house which %Aath what I took there before made 
955 and attended a town meeting and was chose one of a comitee to 
treat with Thos Hall Concerning Charges Respecting the Road over 
Piscataquog 

26*'> Mr Houston Lectured on part of the Chapter of Johns Gospel and 
preached in the afternoon of the last verse of the 50th Psalm 

27 Was a violent wind & paid Sam" Cochrane for the articles he brot 
me from Boston being 8-8-9 in Silver 

28"^ went to Litchfield and got the Pi'omis of 20 bushel of Corn from Tlio« 
Murdoch and reed a Dollar from Henry Barton of HoUis on acct of a note 
of 6 £ I had of him and I brot away 4 sheep I had bought of Will™ Pater- 
son of Litchfield and pd his mfe the money for them being 86 £ old Tenor 
and they gave Susanna a Cosset lamb 

DECEMBER FIFTH 

Drawed a Complaint and warrant for Tho" Murdough against Simeon 
and Joseph Cumings 

7"^ went to Tho" Murdoughs and thrashed 4 bushel of Indian Corn and 
had Patersous horse and got 2 of it ground into meal at Chamberlains and 
had the toal 

10"i heard Mr Macgregore preach from the 3d of the Romans and 28th 
verse 

11^'^ spent the day in trying to accommodate the Trespass on the Russ 
farm with James MacGregore but could not accommodate and came home 
in the Evening and had Robert Macmui'phys mare 

12^'^ went to Tho'* Murdoughs and got 4 bushel of Indian corn and got 2 
bushel of it gTOund at Gapt Chamberlins and had the toal 

13"^ set out for Portsmouth and had Rob' Macmurphys mare and went 
as far as Exeter 

16*'^ Returned to Londonderry 



MATTHE\Y PATTEN'S DIAHY. 59 

17"^ heard Mr Macgregore preach from the 3d of the Romans and 28th 
verse and I came home in the evening and had Robt Macm\u-phys mare 

igth -vvreut to Tho** Mmxlonghs and got 4 bushel of Indian Corn and got 2 
bnshel of it ground at Capt Chamberlins and had the toal 

20"» assisted the selectmen in makeing the ministers rates and pd John 
Macalester of new boston 35 £' old Tenor for his weaving a web 

21^' I made the town and province Rates and Drawed both warrants and 
recorded them and warrant 

22<i went to goffes mill and got 2 bushel of Rie ground into meal and 
Reed £ 15-10-0 from John Wallace for two thousand of shingles he had from 
me 

23*1 had my bros mare and went to Tho'* Murdoughs and brot away 8 
bushels of Indian Corn which makes up 20 bushel I have had from him 
and I gave him 2 Dollars toward it 

26th p(j Moses Wells 44V for weaveing 10 yards of striped Cloath 

29'!^ went to Cap* Cumings and got 5 Quarts and 3 jills of molasses a 24V 
pr gallon in Silver and pd the money 

31^' heard INIr Houston preach from the Last verse of the 50 Pslam 

1759 January First was at James Greggs vendue 

3<i went to Merrymac to Cap' Cumings and Lodged there that night 

4tfi got 4>^ bushel of Rie from Timothy and pd him 18 £ old Tenor for 
it and John Little on the 3d finished shoeing and makeing new Slates for 
my Slede 

5"* finished peiceing John Littles Gun stock 

7'^ Mr Houston gave one exercise being a Lecture on the 12th Chapter 
of Johns Gospel 

8"^ James Linn helped me Kill my hogs which weighed 471 £ and I pd 
John Davis 6 £ old Tenor towards his Clearing 

11^'^ James Kennedy Shood my oxen and Robt Macmurphys mare and 
^vrit a Deed from Andrew Walker to Hugh Greg and I bot 10 Dollars from 
Andrew Walker 

13"^ went to Timothy Taylors and got il^ bushel of Rie and pd him 
18 £ for it and Borrowed 4 bushel of Indian corn from Tho» Murdough 
and got it Ground at Capt Chamberlins and had the Toal 

14''! heard Mr Houston Lecture on part of the 12th Chapter of Johns 
Gospel and preach in the afternoon from the last verse of the 50th Psalm 

15*'' writ a note from Patrick Taggart to James Mathies and I settled 
with Ebenez'' Hackett and Cleared him off what I had Reed from George 
Addison 

17th ^y^i^ j^ Deed from Samson More to James Aiken of No 9 and 15 in. 
the 7tli Rang and went to Timothy Taylors and paid him 3 Dollars for 4)2 
bushel of Rie and Lodged at Robert Murdoughs the night following 

18*'' got 4 bushel of Indian Corn from Will'" Paterson and Left a Johanna 
with his wife and had it ground at Capt Chaniberliu and I had the Toal 
and I got 5 £ of sliugar at Thos Parkers and I pd 3 £ for it 

20"' I went to Litchfield and got 4 bushel of Indian Corn from Will'" 
Paterson and had it ground at Capt Chamberlins mill and had the toal 

23'i James Kennedy mended my Clevis and shut a Ring which I tiad 



60 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

from Deacou James Moor and I went to Deacon Andrew Cochranes to run 
lines and pd Ensig" John Moor 3 £ old tenor which I owed him on acct 
of a ti'ap chain 

26"* "svas a tedious storm of snow and I got 4io bushel of rie from Timo- 
thy Taylor and got it Ground at Capt Chamberlins mill and I had the toal 

28''' heard INIr Houston Lecture on the Latter part of the 12th Chapter 
of Johns GosjDel 

29"' I went to Col Goffes and new Drafted the Inventory of Archibald 
Starkes Estate and attest to the apprizement of the same and went to Dea- 
con Andrew Cochranes and got 5 bushel of oats and Archibald MaccoUum 
and James Macmurphy came to make shoes at my house 

30th The shoemakers went away and what they did now and as Jams 
Macmurphy did as he went to new Boston came to 6 £ old Tenor and in 
the Evening I assisted Rob* Gillmor and WUl'" Moore in settling their 
affair Concerning the Lott no 113 

31*' ^vTit a Deed from Robt Gillmor to Will'" Moor and was yet Due to 
me from Moor on sd acct was 4-8-0 and from sd Gihnoor was 40V and 8/ 
more for -writing a Quit Claim from Hugh Ridels wife 

FEBRUARY SECOXD 

I went to new Boston for Jeans Macmm*phy 

3'' Retiirned home again and Jean macmurphy with me 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM FEBRUARY 3D 1759 

4"* IVIr Houston preached at John Burns from the 119 Psalm and 165"' 
verses 

5"' had my Brs oxen and went and brot home a Load of hay from the 
Little Meadow 

6"' I went to Merrymac to hear the Case between Tho* Murdough and 
Sim" and Jos Cumings 

T*** spent it on the same afair and ended at midnight or thereabouts 

gth I got 4}4 bushel of Indian Corn at William Patersons and got it 
Ground at Cap' Chamberlins mill and I had the Toal 

11"^ Mr Houston preached in the afternoon from the 119 Psahn and the 
165 verse 

13"' went to Col Goffes and swore 4 bills on Margaret Holms and I bor- 
rowed 8-12-0 from my br and pd it to James Little being the whole of 
what I owed him for Butter 

14"' I borrowed a Glass Bottle full of Linseed Oyl from our Commitee 

15"' Got 2 Quarts of Rimi from Tho^ Maclaughhn on Credit and I made 
a window frame for jNIr Houston and set the Glass 

16"' went to Deacon Andre^ Cochranes to Run lines and plans but did 
not Run any and went and got 4 bushel of Oats from Samuel Gibson and 
Rob' Gilmoor pd me 40V of what he owed me and there Remains 8V due 
to me 

17"' spent the day in planing the 800 acres Col Blanchard sold to Sam^* 
Cochrane with the Divisions said Cochrane made in the same and sent the 
plan to Lieut Duncans by IVIr Houston for Sam" Cochrane pr Agreement 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 61 

21st \)i-Q^, home the Last of my Large stack of hay from the Little Meadow 
and Avi'it a Deed from Will™ Moor to George Cunningham and Charged 
24V for which George is to cut wood for me and got 3 bushel of Potattoes 
from Will'" Moor and I let him have 20 shads out of the barrel 

On the 20th I got }4 ~' of tea and a paper of ink powder and 3 £ of 
white Lead instead of 4 £ of Spanish white which from Fergais Kennedy 
which he brot from Boston for me the week before 

22'^ heard Mr Barrett preach at Col Goffes from these words in the 3d 
of Johns Gospel y*= must be born again 

23'^ Mr Houston got 24 squars of sashes and 2 Window frams and I put 
them up for him and I charged him 14-8-0 old Tenor and he pd me 2 Dol- 
lars which he borrowed of me last summer 

24"i went to Litchfield and got 8 £ of shugar and 2 Qiiarts and pint and 
a half and a little more of Molasses from Tho^ Parker on Credit and brot 
away 41.2 bushel of rie that I had at The'* Murdoughs which I bought of 
Timothy Taylor on the 13th of last January and had it gxound at Cap' 
Chamberlins mill and I had the Toal 

25"* heard Mr Houston preach from the 119 Psalm and the 165 verse 

26*'* had George Cunningham Cutting Wood for me and had my Br 
mare and went to Litchfield and got 9 bushel of Indian Corn from William 
Paterson and sent a sash of 6 squars by Alexander Maccolum to James 
Coclirane of new Boston 

27"' I had my Brs Mare to Litchfield and I got 41^ bushels of Corn from 
William Paterson and ■i'^o bushel of rie from James Underwood 1 bushel 
of it he gave me and the Rest I owe him for 

28"' brot home a load of hay from the Little meadow and Archibald 
Macalester took away a load of y« stack I sold him in sd meadow 

MARCH FIRST 

brot a load of hay from the Little Meadow and went to Tho" Halls to the 
muster of Capt John Starks men 

2'' brot the last of my hay from the little meadow 

3'' I drawed a Coppy of Murdoughs and Cumings Case for him 

4"' Mr Houston preached from the 50th Psalm and last verse and finished 
from that text 

5th ■v^rpj^ 3 Letters for the armey on for John Caldwell one for Rob' Nor- 
ris and one for John Tolf ord and James Maccurdy 

7"* I got 2 Quarts of Riim from Tho'* Maclaiighlin on Credit and got 6 
Quarts of Cyder from Br 

lO'h Carried home Jean Macmurphy to new Boston who had been here 5 
weeks and and pd Tho"* Murdough 41 £ old Tenor 

11"' Mr Houston preached at John Burnss from the HI Psalm and lOth 
Verse 

12"' got a barrel Cyder from James Little on Credit 

13"* went to Lo : Derry and Settled with the Commissioners for Recive- 
ing the Claims on Abraham Macneals estate and settled a note of 44-13-0 
of Tho" Smyths of New Boston and when what was Duo on Book was Dis- 
counted there Remained to sd Smith 40-9-0 



62 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

15"^ fell a pine that Gauiu Riddel gave nie 

16"^ I helped my bro iu the forenoon and John Mcalester helped me in 
the afternoon and John Bell and my bro Drawed in the tree I had of 
Ganiu which mad 3 16 feet loggs and Reed 18 £ old Tenor from Archibald 
Macalester for Rob' Morial Land tax 

18''! Mr Houston preached from the ftrst 30 verses of the 61 Chapter of 
Isiah 

19"^ I fell a white oak on the north side of Gauin Riddels field 

20"^ had John MacAlester to help me saw the tree twice thow and had 
Gauin Riddels oxen helping to hauU the 3 cutts to the mill and in evening 
I married Moses Canard and Agnes McClintock both of Derryfield and 
Jenney Cleary came from Lo : Derry to us 

21"' went to new Boston and Lodged at John Smiths and in my way I 
got 4 bushel of Potatoes from Sam^' Cochrane 

22^1 Came home again after veiwing John Carsons settlement for James 
Caldwell 

23'' Writ a Certificate for sd Caldwell on the same 

25"^ Mr Houston preached at John Burnses on the 61st Chapter of Isiah 
and the first 3 verses 

26"' I spent this day and the 24th in Getting maple sapp and on the 24th 
I sent Jonas to Deacon Will'" Moors and 3 bushels of Potatoes 

27"' I had my Bros oxen and Gauin Riddels and I hauled to Macalesters 
mill 4 cutts of slit work stuff and 2 white pine logs and Richard and 
Archibald Macalester helped me 

28"' was our annual meeting and was chose town Clerk and first select- 
man and surveyor of timber 

29"' I went and Run Roimd the Lott no 19 in the 11th Rang for Tho^ 
Maclaughlin and Run the South side of William Barnetts Lot in the 10th 
Rang and got a Quart of Rum from John Bell 

30"' John Bell and I cut two Chestnut trees in partnership 

31'*' John Bell helped me with his oxen and I had my Bros and Gauin 
Riddels and Richard Macalesters oxen helping lue to draw Loggs about % 
of the day & got 2 to the mill 

APRIL FIRST 
Mr Houston preached from the 61 Chapter of Isiah and the first 3 verses 
2'' had William Barnet and his oxen helping me and Mr Houston and 

John Bells and Gauin Riddels oxen I had William Macalester helping me 

draw Loggs we Drawed 3 and I Reed 130 £ old Tenor from Mr Houston on 

Rob' Mathies acct 
4"' I got 2 Quarts of Rum from John Bell Jun'^ on Credit 
5"' went and Layed off 2 acres for Fergus Kennedy out of the Lott no 5 

in the 8th Rang and Ran Round the Lot no 17 in the 7tli Rang & Charged 

him 3-4-0 and he pd me three pounds and 4V I owed him made the 

money 

7"' Brot home almost a barrel of Maple Juce pd Eben"^ Stevens 30V for 

his guarding Tristam Barnet 
8"' Mr Houston preached at the meeting house from the 61 Chapter 

of Isiah and the first 3 verses 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 63 

9"! I iiewDrawed my Certificate to James Caldwell for my Vei wing John 
Carson settlement at new Boston and he gave me 3-8-0 Mass money 

10"> John Macdugal came to our house to mend shoes and % soled one 
pair of shoes and a pair of Boots and heeled taped one pair for my wife 

11"^ was a Pi-ovincial Fast and Mr Houston preached from the 3d & 4th 
verses of the 20"^ Chapter of 2d Chronicals and I Reed from Robt Mathies 
19 Dollars on acct of his note 

12"' set out for Boston 

16"' returned home again 

17"' I Qualified two of Merrymacs selectmen their town clerk and one 
syrveyor of highways and Qualified for Bedford two selectmen and 4 sur- 
veyors of highway and Qualified to soldiers that enlisted for Bedford with 
John Moor 

18"' sold William Gray of new Boston six squars of sashes unpd prom- 
ised to pay in money and had a Cow Calved 

19"' Got the cow and Calf liome it was a Bull calf 

20"' When I awaked it was snowing fast and Continued snowing till 
about the middle of the day and I took Jennet Wallaces Examination of 
her being with Child to William Thornton which she swore on him and 
Discounted 30V with her father for my service 

2i6t -vvent and Discovered the affiars of him and went to Litchfield and 
got the 20 £ of shugar and 7 Quarts of molasses from Tho'* Parker and pd 
his wife 25 £ old Tenor my bro Sam^^ got 5 £ of the shugar and 2 Quarts 
of the molasses I reed from him £ 6-5-0 old Tenor and what he had come 
to 4-10-0 old Tenor and got 3 14 bushel of Rie from Capt Chamberlin 

22'^ Mr Houston Preached from the 61 Chapter of Isiah and the first 3 
verses 
* 23<i was our annual March meeting by adjournment 

24th J -yyag ^vith Mr Houston and Gauin Riddel to masure off some land 
the were Changeing and sent 4-7-6 old Tenor to Sarah Linkfield I owed 
her 4-4-0 

25"' I had 2 Quarts of Rum from John Bell Jun' 

26"' I moved 125 apple trees from Clogstone^ which I bought from Mrs 
Bradford 

27"' I reed for Madame Blan chard from James Riddell £ 195-12-0 old 
Tenor and took a note for 44-8-0 more for a Deed of Land in Derryfield 

28*^ Let Andrew Walker of New Boston have 12 Squars of sashes and 
glass and all fitted and charged him 18V per square amounting to 10-16-0 
old Tenor and am to take it out in sawing of boards 

29"' heard Mr Houston preach at the meeting house from the 61 of 
Isiah and the first 3 verses 

30"' Gave Thomas Wallace a Warrant against William Thornton on 
acct of his Daughter Jannet and Gave Doc"^ Thornton a Coppy of her Exam 
and had my Mathies heifer Calved 

MAY FIRST 

I vendued for the Collector several peices of land for the tax in Bedford 
and I bot 2 peices viz of John Tuckermans a £ 3 per acre and Jon" Hills 



04 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

laud at o3V per acre all old Tenor and I pd 31-5-0 O : T : aud went to 
Francis Barnets hoiise Raising 

2'^ I finished sowing my rie 

3'i I got 1^ bnshel of Oats from my bros Sam" and ploughed them in 
and got 20 Quarts of peas from him aud plowed in one land of them 

4"^ finished plowing in my peas aud took a Recog^' of William Thornton 
on acct of Wallaces Case and Writ a Will and a Power of Attorney for 
Rob* Walker of Lo : Derry for which I charged him 47/ 27 of Avhich he pd 
me last year and the Remainder he pd me down 

5"^ the above Walker swore a 4 £ bill on Tho^ Cochrane of New Boston 
which bill Gauin Riddel Swore on Walker and I Recog^ Jennet Wallace 
to prosecute Will'" Thornton at the June session 

7"' was our annual March meeting adjournment and got 2 quarts and 
}4 a pint of Rum from John Bell Jun' 

8'^ let Tho'' Wallace have a Coppy of his daughters Jennets case aud 
Thornton charged him 2 £ 

9*^ sowed Cabaige seed 

10*'^ went to Tho'* Mordoughs and got 14 bushel of seed corn and got a 
gallon of molasses from Cap* Cumings and pd 1-4-0 in Silver for it and 
Tarryied all night at Mordoughs 

11"^ came home again 

12"^ let John Bell Jun'' have 7 fulls of our Quart pot of the seed Corn 

1 had from Tho'* Mordough on the 10th instant 

15'^^ I had 2 Quarts of Rum from John Bell Jun"' and I pd James Camp- 
bell Jun'^ 20V I owed him on Moly Mccalley acct aud 20V I owed his bror 
Robt Campbell for a paper of pins my wife had from him 

16'^^ I Divided a peice of meadow for John Barnet Jun'' in the Great 
Meadow above Capt Perhani and I Charged him a Dollar 

17tii X got John Bells oxen and Bated them till the afternoon and I got 

2 £ of Butter from old Mrs Bell and I gave Tho'* Vickery and James Gill- 
more a Warrant of apprisement for a mare they poiiuded on the 14th 
instant to Deacon James Moor and Tho"* Barns returnable the 21st instant 
and went to Tho^ Halls aud spent the night following all night in settleiug 
with sd Hall aud pd him 59 £ old Tenor of the bill of Coasts he got Taxed 
against the Selectmen of Bedford in December 1758 

18"^ went up to the falls aud got 7 shad 6 of em I catched and one 
Will'" Eliot gave my wife 

19"^ I plowed about a Quarter of an acre with John Bells Juu""* oxen 

20"^ I heard Mr Houston preached at the meeting house from the 61st of 
Isaiah and the first 3 verses 

21^' I swore the prisers of the mare which Tho^ Vickery aud James 
Gillmor pounded in Merrymac pound on the 14th instant and taxed the 
bill of Coasts to the 22d being 4-1-6 N : T : my part xinpd 

22'i I wTit a Deed from Will'" Gray to Moses Canard and acknowledged 
the same and gray pd it aud got 4£ of Butter from Mrs Bell aud I 
fiuTOwed my Laud for planting 

23<i began to Plant and had my Bros oxen to Cart Dung 

24"' in the night my wife had Travail Pains and I went and got Mrs 



MATTHEW patten's DIAliY'. 65 

Boies and a gallou of Rum from John Bell Juu' and got home at break 
of Day 

25"^ my wife was Easyer aud Mrs Boies Tarried & I had our black cow 
Calved iu the morning 

3G"^ iu the evening I went and got 5 Quarts of Rum from John Bell 
Jun'* wife aud got Francis Barnetts wife & got 3 £ of Butter from James 
Little 

27''^ about ^2 Way between Break of Day aud Sun Riseiug my ^\^.fe was 
Delivered of a Daughter 

28'!' went to Merrymac and got 5 Quarts of molasses from Capt Cumings 
and pd him 30V in Silver aud Tho" Maclaughlin gave me 3 shad aud 
Sam" McConaughy gave me 3 

30"* Settled with William Moore and he owes me 2 bushels of Potatoes 
and 1 bushel of Corn and sent Jonas Cutting to James Walkers and got 
5 Quarts of Rum lacking lig jiH on credit and got Clogstone to sheer my 
sheep 

JUNE FIRST 

I went to Namaskeag falls 

8"* I came home again and I got in all 660 shad 120 I sent to my mother 
in Law and 120 I sold 35 I gave John Quig I got 2 bushel of salt from 
Robt Macmurphy and 2 bushel from John Goffe and I got 2 Quarts of 
Rum from James Walker all which affairs happened between the first aud 
the 8 my whole expenses in the time was 7-5-0 which I pd all off 

gth I gQf 2 Quarts of Rum from James Walker aud I settled with Widow 
Hill and Concerning her Late Husbands land that I bot at Vendue for Tax 
aud I went to Tho^ Wallaces and acknowledged a Power of Attorney from 
Jennet to Lieut Wallace unjid 

XQtii Mr Houston preached from the 3d of the song and first Verse in 
Bedford meeting house 

11"* was a town meeting by adjournment & I was chose a Commitee 
man to build a bridge over Piscataquog river and to go to the General 
Court to try to have our laud taxed and Reed 5 £ old Tenor of Tax from 
William Tu-rell for Gideon Tirrell 

12"* Jas Linn Butchered a Calf for me aud I gave out a warrant of 
apprisement for a mare Colt that William Nutt pounded in Derryfield 
pound on the 8th instant and Jonas was taken with the measles 

J gth -^yrit 4 advertisements for the Colt above said 

16"' I swore the apprizers of the above Colt pounded by William Nutt 
and taxed the bill to this Day being 5-16-0 and Jonas got up yesterday 
afternoon out of the measles 

17"* Mr Houston preached from the 3(1 of the song and first Verse 

19"* I went to Namaskeg Falls and Tarried all night at Tho« Halls 

20"' I went up the Setting place and Catched 3 Shad and Came home 
about noon aud I swore Sam'^ Cochrane Concerning a Bill received from 
Robt White of New Boston and I fouud the East wall of my Cellar fell iu 
the Day before workt at mending it that afternoon and the 2 following 
Days 

5 



66 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

22'^ Lieut Moor came and gelderl a year old Boar and 4 pigs and 2 Calves 
for nie 

23'i I went to Capt Ohamberlins mill and carried 3 bushel of Indian corn 
with me and got 2 bags full of Rie and had the Toall and had Matth^' 
Littles Colt and Mrs Kennedys horse 

24th ]y[j. Houston preached from the 3d of the Revealations and 20th 
verse and he baptised our Child Elizabeth 

25"^ I Borrowed 111-19-0 old Tenor from John Mcdugal and gave a note 
for the same on Demand with Intrest till paid and went to Litchfield and 
pd it to "Widow Russell and 8-2-6 more and 20V I pd her by \STiting made 
in all 116-1-6 and there Remained due to her with the Intrest 14 £ old 
Tenor and I pd James Underwood 14 £ old Tenor for 3)^ bushel of Rie 

1 had from him the 27th of February last and I gave my bror Sam'^ 

2 Dollars and a third part with 29^/ 6*1 that James Duncan pd him toward 
6}/^ part of a Dollar I Reed from Rob' Mathies of his money and sent 54**/ 
in Silver with him to Boston 1 pair of Wool Cards X £ of Tea and some 
Ink 

27"^ Spent the day in Drawing warrants to the surveyors of Highway 
28*'' spent this day in makeing the town and Pro^ance Rates 
29th I ^yent and Divided the Lott no 19 in the 11th Rang between John 
Maclaughlin and his son Thomas 

30"i the night before was the greatest frost ever I knew this time of the 
year and I writ 2 Quit Claim between John Maclauglin and his son of the 
Lott I Divided between them the day before and took the acknowledge- 
ment of the same unpd 

JULY FIRST 

Mr Houston preached from the 3d of the Revealations and 20th verse 

2'i Mrs Mary Kennedy had 2 Piggs and Tho* Maclaughlin had 1 and 
James Paterson 1 and the selectmen Treated mth Mr Houston to see how 
many Sabath days he would have to himself which was Concluded he 
should have 15 Sabaths or more if he found an opportunity to Dispose 
of em 

3 & 4"i Cleared in my old Field by my bros 

7^^ Susanna James and Rob' was taken Down with the Measles and I 
had my bros oxen with my own and plowed in my old field 

9th I -workt at the Bridge over Piscataqiiog river 

10"^ I had Daniel Quig and his Fathers 4 oxen and William Thompson 
helping to Plow in my field by my brors 

11"^ I had my brors oxen and I plowed about 1^ the forenoon and I gave 
William Thornton Notification to Jennet Wallace for to come and have 
some affidavits taken at my brors the next Day alia Clock in the fore- 
noon and went in the afternoon to Lieut Halls to Examine the Claims to 
Archibald Starks Estate and attended that Business till in the evening 

12"^ I had Daniel Quig & his fathers 4 oxen and William Thompsons 
oxen helping me to Plow in my field by my brors and I Reed from James 
Mathies 80 £ old Tenor and 18)^ Dollars towards his note being 191 £ 
old Tenor in the whole 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 67 

13"^ I -was at the Dramug of Francis Barnets baru 

14th I ^yrit; a letter to John Quig to John Orr and 2 for my self 1 to Col 
Goffe and the other to Ja« Thomas and I pd my bro« Sam" 4 Dollars with 
what Jas Duncan pd him on acct being 1-9-6 Silver money and 6-6-0 I pd 
himself of like money when he went to Boston last on the 25th of last. 
June Compleated the 3d part of the money I owed him on acct of the 19 
Dollars I reed from Robt Mathies on the 11th of last April and 1-1-0 over 
Masstts money 

15"! was Sabbath day and I heard Mr Houston preach from the 3d of 
the Revelations and 20th Verse 

16''^ set out for Portsmouth and Evidence in Jenuey Wallaces & Thorn- 
tons Case and had James Lyons mare 

ISt'i I got a Deed from Col Walensford of his Right in Sowhegan East 
and I pd him 110-4-0 old Tenor being 100 £ towards the price of the Land 
and 10-4-0 for the last years Tax and gave him my note of hand for 275 £ 
to be paid iu a year and delivered it into the Reg^'* the same Day 
18"^ I Came home again 

20"^ took home James Lyons mare in the forenoon 

2pt I finished plowing my field by my brors and had his oxen helping 
me 

24«i I borrowed 11-6-6 from Tho^ Maclaughlins wife and I pd William 
Boies 12-19-0 old Tenor on acct of James Kennedy which Cleared off 
Kennedys place 

26«h I put a Rake handle into an old head for John Quig and my wife 
went to her Brors Alex' in a frett 

27"^ I finished makeing a wash tubb for ourselves and ^vrit a Deed and 
took the acknowledgment from Fergus Kennedy to his son Fergus Charged 
a Piestreen to be paid in Reaping and made a Rake for John Quig and 
Carried it to him in the Evening and Mended my own rakes 

28'*^ pd Tho-^ Maclaughliu one Dollar and ten shillings in paper money 
of what I borrowed from his wife on the 24th instant and I pd John Bells 
wife a Dollar for 9 pounds of Butter I had from her last May and I had 
one pr of oxen from John Quig and another from Will™ Thompson help- 
ing to plow in my field before my house and it Came on Rain in the after- 
noon so that we left off before night sometime 

30"! I swore Margaret Boies William Macallester Tho^ Boies and Fergus 
Kennedy Junr Concerning a peice of Gold Tho^ Boies answers for 3 oaths 
being 1-4-0 and Fergus Kennedy Junr for 1 all unpd and Charged old 
Fergus Kennedy 20^^ for the Coppy of the oaths unpd 

31«' I had one pair of John Quigs oxen and John Bells oxen helping me 
plow in the field before the house 

AUGUST FIRST 
I had my bror Sam" oxen with my own ploughing in the field above 
said 

31 I Lent Gauin Riddel % a bushel of Rie and let John Maclaughliu 
have a Rake 

4th I had John Quigs young oxen and John Bell Juu-^ helping me plow 
and I lent ^i a bushel of Rie to old Mrs Bell 



68 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

5"i I was not at meeting but Mr Houston preached in Bedford the 2 
foregoing Sabaths he was at Pelham 

Q^^ I had one pair of oxen from John Quig and another from John Bell 
Jun^ helping me to Plow in my field before my hoiise 

7'^ the night before I kept the oxen and Plowed one small Land of 13 
"Rods of Ground in the morning which finished the field before my house 
and I began to mow in the Lot no 74 in the Little Meadow it was extream 
hot Day 

8* I finished mowing in the Lott above said and Jonas got Tho"^ Mac- 
laughlins horse and Carried 2 bushel of Indian Corn and 2 of Rie to Gofi'es 
mill & could not Get it Ground 

9'^^ Jonas went to Alex' Macmurphys mill with the grain he carried to 
Goffes mill the day before and got it ground and had Tho^ Maclaiighlins 
Horse and I finished mowing all on the upper side of the fence in the Little 
Meadow and Raked 6 cocks and cocked it 

IQth Was a Cloudy Day so that I could not take the Hay up in the Little 
Meadow and I went in ye afternoon to Lieut Halls per James Mccallys 
Desire and when I Come there was nothing for me to do but to fill up a 
bond of Administration for him on Sam^^ Stinsons Estate and had our 
Black Cow take bull the night following by my brors bull 

11"' I Raked hay in the Little Meadow on the Lott no 74 and on William 
Campbells I had 18 Cocks on 74 and 4 on Campbells and writ a letter to 
Daniel Sigonne for the mowing of his meadow lott 

12"' Mr Houston preached from the 3d of the Revalatious and 20th verse 
in Bedford 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM AUGUST 12 1759 

13"' our Cherry cow took Bull and I lent James Paterson a biishel of 
Rie 

15 & 16"' I mowed and Raked Hay in my Little Meadow 

17 & 18"' I Reaped my Rie and had Tho« Wallaces son Will"' helping 
me we Reaped 17 stooks lacking 2 sheaves 

igth ]y[p Houston preached in Bedford from the 3d of the Revealations 
and 20th verse 

2P' Drawed a Complaint and Warrant for Capt Shephard against Ebenz' 
Hopkins and Charged £ 5 he pd me 3 £ 10^ 

23<^ Mrs Kennedy Reaped out the last of my Rie I had 22 stooks and 4 
sheaves this year 

24"' I Carted it in and my Flax and Barley and what hay Grew between 
and the meadow 

26*^ Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the 3d of the Revealations 
and the 20th verse 

29"' John Macdugal came to my house to make a pair of shoes for Jonas 
and I finished mowing in the Little meadow 

30"' I finished Rakeing hay in the Little Meadow I had 12G cocks there 
this year and I had my brors mare and Jonas went to Ca.pt Chamberlins 
mill and Brot away the Remainder of the Rie that I bot off him last Win- 
ter 



MATTHEAV PATTEN's DIARY. 69 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

John Macchigal finished at my house for this time he made a pair foi* 
Jonas and heeled taped a pair for Jenny and I went to Fergus Kennedys & 
■s^Tit and acknowledged a Deed from him to his father and Run a peice of 
a line between William Kennedys place and Tho" Boies all unpd 

4th I mowed in my meadow being the first I cut in it 

5"^ I went to Litchfield & Merrymac Surveying roads &c for Messrs 
Gordon and Parker and reed a Dollar from Gordon and £ 6 from Parker 
and was to Perfect the Plans against the Sessions 

7'*^ I set my pidgeon net and Oatched 13 

8 Catched 37 

9*11 ]vir Hoiiston preached from the 3d Revealations and 20th verse 

10"i I set out for Portsmoiith as an evidence in Jenny Wallaces Case 
and had James Lyons mare and Tho^ Wallace sent me £ 6 old Tenor last 
Thursday to help bear my expences 

15*^1 returned home again 

16*^ was our Sacrament in Bedford and Mr Houston preached from the 
17th of John and 4th verse and Mr Macgregore preached in the afternoon 
from the 37th Psalm and verse 

17''' was a rainy Day and I did not go to meeting 

18'^ I began to shave clapboards at John Bells Jun^ and shaved 35 

19"i I shaved 32 more and reed a measuge that Capt Bushnell was dead 
Requesting the Selectmen to provide and burie him and attended the 
Funeral of Patrick Taggarts wife and then went and provided a shirt & 
Sheet and cap from Ma"' Goffe valowed at 3-16-0 old Tenor and went in the 
evening with the other selectmen and Capt Barron and my bror Sam'i and 
Examined his house and took an acct of the things we appointed the 
funeral to be the next day at 12 a Clock precisely and spoke to John Bell 
Jun^ to make the Coffin and got a Quart of Rum from James Walker for 
the watchers 

20*11 I attended to bury Capt Bushnell with the rest of the selectmen 
we got 5 Quarts of Rum more from James Walker and Vendued the Crop 
on Cap* Bushnells place to Capt Barron for £ 18 old Tenor to be paid in 1 
month and took an acct of what Cloaths he had at Col Goffes John Bell 
Jun' made the Coffin and we Got Board of Ebenez' Johnson and }4 a him- 
dred of nails of my bror Sanii^ 

21«* James Wallace and Will'" Wallace helped me to mow in my 
meadow 

23'i Mr Houston preached in Bedford from ye 3d of the Revelations and 
20th verse 

24*'i I Coppyd a bond for Joseph Farmer and swore him Concerning the 
same and Charged him 30V unpd and John Macdugal came in the morn- 
ing to make shoes at my house 

28"i Jenny went to New Boston to George Christies 

29"' I returned Tho^ Maclaughlin the Change of his money he sent with 
me to pay his excise and renew his license being 8-17-6 and 4-16-6 being 
■ the remainder of 1 1-6-6 which I borrowed off his wife the 24th of last 



70 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

July and he his to Lift my note of hand which I gave to Jo^ Thomas for 
his excise being 8-10-8 and I gave a vs^arrant of apprisement for a mare 
which James Walker which he pound on the 21st Instant and swore the 
prizers and ^vrot 3 advertisements and Charged 3 £ and Drawed an acct 
for Jennet Wallace against William Thornton and writ a letter on acct 
and Carted in the last of my hay at Home I had 69 cocks in my meadow 
this year 

30"' Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the 3d of the Revelations 
and the 20tli verse 

OCTOBER FIRST 

being Monday I did no business silent half of the day or more with 
William Thornton only Carted home a load of wood 

2^ I took my Clavas to Benj" Smiths and spent the remainder of the 
Day with Deacon nioore Concerning our Difference in the Little meadow 

3*1 I carried my plough irons to James Houston to get them sharpened 
and got a burning iron mended and I shaved 33 clapboards at John Bells 
with what I had shaved before made a 100 

4"^ I spent at Drawing 3 of the string peices for Piscataquog bridge and 
reed from Tho^ Wallace 10 £ old Tenour being my j^art of the bill in his 
Daughter Jennets Case with Thornton and 4V over the Conip' he pd 
before 

7"^ was Sabath day Mr Houston was at Pelham and I reed an acct from 
Alex' Macmurphy of the Death of his oldest sou 

8"' I had James Patersons horse and my wife and I went to the funeral 
they buried in Lo : Derry at the old meeting house my wife tarried at her 
mothers and I came home I was to workt at the highway but the above 
occasion prevented me 

9*^^ I spent almost all the day on an ill natured ^\Tangle between Richard 
Macalester and Tho* Boies they broke of at last without Comeing to any 
agreement and I reed 2-8-0 from Fergus Kennedy Jun'' being in full of 
what he owed me 

10*'^ I got my plough irons mended and sharpened with James Houston 
and he Charged 40V old Tenor and I swore Capt Cumings James Walker 
and my bror Sam" to valow Tho^ Daws lands in Bedford and merryniac 
and went to Lieut John Halls to examin the Claims to Archibald Starks 
estate and I pd Hall }4 ^ mxig of todey which I had when I was there last 

11th I "v^rent to the Little meadow along with Tho^ Dawes heirs 

12ti> My bror in Law Alex' Macmurphy brot my \vife home in the 
evening 

13ti> I had my brors mare to mill with 2 bushels and 10 Quarts of Rie 

14* being Sabath day Mr Houston was at Pelham 

16* I thrashed 4 stocks & 3 sheaves of Rie and I sent to Lo : Derry by 
James Aiken for 3 £ of shugar 

17th J -\yas at the Drawing the timber for Piscataquog river bridge and 
James Aiken brot the 3 pounds of shugar from Lo : Derry I sent the 
money being 42V old Tenor 

18* I put my oxen and Calves into Deacon Williams place and got 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 71 

Deacou Smiths mare and sent Jonas to Alex'' Macmiu-phy for liis oxen 
and some Potatoes 

IQ"! I got % a bushell of Turnips from John Bell Jun"' and Jonas brot 
over Alex'' Macmnrphys oxen for me to put in my rie and about 3 bushel 
of Potatoes 

20"' I helped John Quig to set up the Raill fence across his Lott on the 
west side of the Highway 

21^' Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the 3d of the Revelations 
and 20th verse and Lectured iu the forenoon from the beginning of the 
first Chapter of the Romans. 

22*' Daniel Quig helped me with his fathers young oxen to plow in Rie 
in my field by my brors being the first I sowed this Fall 

24th I -^j-Qt; iiome 8 boards from Ricliard Macalesters mill that was sawed 
for Table Leaves 

25"' I let William Holms have a table leaf 

26"' Nathaniel Paterson plowed for me with their oxen 

27"' I settled with James Mathies on his note and alowed 1-10-0 that 
I had reed of his on acct of his prizing the damage to John Taggart Done 
by a Colt in June 1758 and 20 £ pd me by a heifer October 14 1758 and 
there remained due to me 139-16-6 for which I took his note of hand on 
Demand with lutrest at 12-10-0 pr Cent till pd 

28"' Mr Houston preached in Merrymac at Samuell Caldwells from the 
18 of the Proverbs and 10 verse 

29"' I finished Sowing Rie in my old Feild by my brors I sowed 
5 bushels on it 

30'^ I Cut wood by James Linns and I bot 8 bushel of Potatoes from 
William Barnet for 25V pr bushel and Indented to pay Matthew Little 
for William Barnet on acct of the potatoes 7-10-0 and brot them home iu 
the evening and went afterward to James Walkers and spent the whole 
night with my bror in settling accts between Tho*^ Wallace and William 
Thornton and arbitrating between Deacon Carr and William Caldwell 

31st J gQ^ ^Q ■v^TQj.jj; iii ^iig afternoon from the above affair I Cutt wood 
and Jonas Carted 3 Load home 

NOVEMBER FIRST 

I had James Kennedys horse and niy wife and I went to David 
McClearys with a webb and I sent Jonas home with Alex'' Macmui-phys 
oxen 

4'^' I heard Mr Houston preach in Bedford from Revelations 3 & 20 

5th I -went at Tho^ Boies Desire to View the Road from his land and 
Richard Macalesters 

6"' I settled with John Macdugal for what shoes he made and mended 
for me since he first workt for me and it came to 9-10-0 and I pd him 
8 pound of it and I workt with my bror Sam^i a joynting and laying the 
floor in his Cydar press and I acknowledged the Deed from James Lyons 
to Cuningham and John Cromby Jun'' promised to pay for it and this day 
and the two following Days I joynted the floor of my brors Cydar and a 
makeing a trough for his pomis on one of these days I borrowed bushel of 
Corn froiu my bro Sam" ■ 



72 MATTHEW patten's DIAliY. 

9"^ Capt Blair sent me 2 baggs full of Potatoes and a horse to Carrie 
them home and I sent Jouas home agaiu with the horse 

10"' was a thauksgiveiiig in the Province on acct of the sm.-render of 
Qiiebeck to his Majestys arms 

Utii ]y[i. Houston preached in Lo : Derry for Mr MacGregore 

12"' I went to Work at the highway at Strawbury hill and James Person 
came and I went along mth him to Goffstown and we sent the hands 
a Quart of Rum and I bargained with Person that if he bot my land 
I was to pay it and if he did not buy the Laud he was to pay it 

13"' I had John Bells oxen and I brot home 460 clapboards and after- 
wards I brot home a load of wood and I brot home my oxen from Deacon 
Williams place 

14*^ James Linn helped me to Kill my oxen Biick weighed 458 £ of Beaf 
and 76 of a hide & 21 of Tallow and Bright Weighed 436 of Beaf and 67 
of hide and 19 of Tallow I sold 228 £ of beaf to James Houston and 119 £ 
to Robert Gillmor of Merrymac and reed a Dollar toward it and 1 1 1 £ to 
Martha Nimock all at 4V 6^ pr £ and I went to John Halls to examin the 
Claims to Archbald Starks estate and Tarried all night 

15"' I went to Alex'^ Macmurphys to the buiryiug of his youngest Child 
who was born the day before who Lived aboiit '2 ^-^ houi* after it vras 
born and came home again 

On the 14th I lent John Macdugal a side of sole Leather of lli^£ wt 
lying dry in the Chamber all summer 

17'^ I had my brors oxen and mare and brot home a load of wood and 
Jonas harrowed in Rie for him the rest of the day and Drawed a WTit and 
summons for Garret Rowan against Samuel Caldsvell unpaid 

18"' Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the 3d Verse of the 13th 
Chapter of fii'st Corinthians 

20"' I Carried 103 Clapboards to the meeting house 

23'i I let John Bell Jun'^ have 310 clapboards and 200 before and I went 
to Thonis Murdoughs and got dj^ biishel of Indian Corn from him and had 
it ground at Capt Chamberlains and had the toall for pay 

25"' Mr Houston was in Peterborough 

26"' was a rainy day except a little in the morning which snowed 
I went to work at New boston road but the rest of the hands had left off 
as I got to them 

29"' I went and Laid out the road by Tho^ Parkers to the ferry in Litch- 
field and got 2 bushel of Corn and a bushel of Peas from Tho« Murdough 

30"' I -svrot a notification to Samuel Caldwell to Garret Rowan to hear 
some affida\'its taken the next day at John Bells and workt at y^ highway 

DECEMBER FIRST 

In the morning I wrote a notification for Garret Rowan to Samuel 
Caldwell to come to John Bells at 12 a Clock this day to here some affi- 
davits taken. I spent the day and evening and the affair was agreed and 



MATTHEW patten's DIATIY. 73 

I indented to keep a pair of oxen which had been in Debate between said 
partys for a mouth and was to be paid if they did not earn their keeping 

3'' I with the selectmen made the ministers Rates 

4"^ I took oif at Richard Macalesters mill which his son William sawed 
322 1^^ of white oak slit woi'k and brot home my slede from Ganin Riddels 
and a load of Wood 

5"^ I cutt and Hauled 2 Load of Wood 

7'^^ spent the day in settleing mth Gauin Riddle on his Constableship 
for the year and I reed 20V from fergus Kennedy and I pd Mrs Bell 13*/ 
1757 on acct of Mr Sulivau 

gth I ^vent to Tho** Mm-dough and got li.j bushel of Corn from him and 
Made a return to the selectmen of Litchfield of the Road I laid out pr 
order of Court 

gth jyjj. Houston preached in Bedford from the 13tli of Corins and 3d 
verse 

10"^ I was on the examination of the constables viz Deacon Walker 
Matth"' Little and William Moore and Deacon Walker on his first years 
treasurership and Mr Sulivan went away to John Littles 

ll'ii I spent along with John Caldwell at Tho^ Maclaughlins 

12"> I let John Caldwell have 3 Dollars and 2 pistereens 2 of which Dol- 
lars I borrowed from Tho^ Boies and spent this day at Goffes with Cald- 
well and Col Goffe came home and Jonas went to Tho^ murdough and got 
3>2 bushel of Corn and I got 1}4 ground at Capt Chamberlins 

IS*'^ I went to Jas Phersons in LondonDerry and bargained away the 
Lott no 6 in the 4th Rang on the south side of Piscataquog river to him 
for a pair of Oxen and 100£ in old Tenor and I tarried at vndow Mac- 
miirphys 

19"^ I came home and brot the oxen and Jonas came home from Tlio** 
Mm-doughs who went there the night before and brot 3 bushels of Indian 
corn and had l^a bushel ground at Chamberlins 

21'*' Jonas went to Tho'' Murdoughs and got 3 bushel of Indian Corn and 
left }4 ^t Capt Chamberlins 

23'! Mr Houston Lectured only in the 2d Chapter of the Romans 

2o"i I brot the fii-st load of hay from the Little Meadow 

26th I -went to Tho^ Murdoughs and I got 3 bushel of Corn and a bushel 
of barley from him and I got 2 bushel of it Ground at Capt Chamberlins 
and had the toal 

27"' Was general Thankesgiveing and I went to Tho* Halls and married 
John Martin and Mehetibel Corlis 

28*'' I returned home again in the evening 

29"^ Jonas went to Tho^ Murdoughs and I got 2 bushel of Corn and a 
bushel of Barly and I paid Lydia Murdough 3£ and was«to pay Jas Linn 
26V on his 4£ of it was on Tho" Murdoughs acct 

JANUARY FIRST 1760 

Lydia Murdough brot 1 bushel of Indian corn for me from her bror 
Thomas and I hot 27 pounds of biitter from her at }'2 a peistereen pr 
pound amounting to 6-1-6 Mass money old Tenor 



'''4 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

S^ I brot home the Last of my Hay from the Little Meadow and Jonas 
went to Thos Mnrdoughs and got 3 bushel of Indian Corn and he got 1)4 
bushel of it Ground at Capt Ohamberlius and the bushel he left there on 
Last Saterday 

8"! I borrowed 25 Johannas or 45£ Sterling from Capt John Stark and 
gave him my note for 45£ Sterling to be paid in a year with Interest at 6 
pr Cent 

9"> I sent Thomas Mur dough 2 johannas by Jonas and he got 3 bushell 
of Corn from him & got l>o' bushell of it Ground at Capt Chamberlins 
and had the Toall 

11 & 12*^ I Drawed 2 white pine loggs to Macalesters mill 

13"' Mr Houston preached in Litchfield 

16"' Jonas went to Tho'* Murdoughs and got 3 bushels of Corn and got 
1>2 Ground at Capt Chamberlins 

17*^ John Macdugal soled my shoes with his Leather and Thread and I 
had James Lyons mare and I went to LondonDerry and Lodged at my 
mother in Laws 

18"! I pd Rob' Macmui-phy Mr Mills 200£ and its intrest being 25£ and 
3£ over he would not take anything for 3 bushel of salt I had from him 
and Came home in the evening and got }4 ^ pound of tea from Rob^ Mac- 
neall and )4 a pound of snuff and an Almanack Coast 16-10-0 & I pd it & 
5 Quarts of molasses a Quire of paper and j^ of a pound of peper from 
George Duncan coast 6-8-0 & I pd it and our yoimgest Child was taken 
with the Canker 

19"' I Rid James Lyons mare back to Lo:.Derry to the Doer and got 
some things from him and what I owed him before amounted to 3-2-0 and 
I pd him and I got 5 Quarts of molasses and a Tea pot and Cream pot and 
Shu-gar bole from George Duncan coast 9-2-0 and I pd it and Jonas went 
to Tho^ Miu-doughs and got S}4 bushel of Corn and got 114 ground at 
Capt Chamberlins mill and I had the toal and he spoiled Daniel Mac- 
murphys horse 

21-*' I got 2 pounds of shugar from Ja** Walker and I pd him 20 £ old 
Tenoirr and 3 pound in Writing being the whole of what Rum I had from 
him and expenses in the house to this day 

23'' Rowans oxen was taken away and I Charged 3 Dollars for then* 
keeping and a Dollar for what trouble I had in the Case and 4 £ for the 
^YTit & summons and reed the money 

24"' I had my brors Colt and went to Litchfield and Got a bushell of 
salt from Tho« Parker and }4 bushell of beans from Will'^^ Patterson 

27"' Mr. Houston preached in Bedford from the 33d Chapter of Deuter- 
onomy and 2d verse 

On the 2oth f spent the day in examining Matthew Little and Robt 
GilLmor on their Constableship and Discharged Matthew Little 

28"' I went to Sam'i Barnets and got 2 bushell of Indian Corn on Will- 
iam Patersons acct and Got John Macnights mare to bring it home and 
got it Ground into meal at Col Goffes and gave an order to Ma'" Goffe of 
3-16-0 old Tenor and another to Jas Walker of 9-0-0 on Capt Barrons on 
acct of Capt Bushnells funeral 



MATTHEW TATTEN's DIARY. 75 

39"^ I spent the afternoon and evening with Mr Alex' Macnutt at John 
Bell Junrs Concerning his Township and nionis and James Houston single 
shod my oxen he found the nails and came to my hoiise and shod them 
and Charged me 1-10-0 old Tenor and I bot a mare from John Macnight 
for 12 Dollars and I pd him 10 of them and he is to trust me the other 
two till next Derryfield fair 

FEBERUARY 1st 

James Houston set the shoes on my mare the Coles the shoes and the 
iron for the nails was mine and he welded a hing and Charged 20V O : T : 
and I got the remainder of the Cotton that Widow Nimock spun for us 
what Wool and Cotton she spun for us was 3 spinle and 4 Cutts the price 
for spinning to be settled afterwards 

2"^ I vrrit a Deed from James Mathies Jun' to John Burns and Daniel 
Moore of his home place and a home lott on Merrymack River viz no 47 
and went to Sam^^ Barnets and got 4 bushel of Indian Corn and left 2 
bushel of it at Col Goffes to be Ground on Monday 

S'^ Mr Houston was at New Boston and preached 

4^h I got the 2 bushell of Corn Into meal that I left at Col Goffes on 
Saterday & Ai-chibald MaccoUum and his bror came to my house to make 
shoes 

5"^ Lydia Murdough brot us 10 £ of Butter and I pd her for it & 27 £ she 
brot us on the first of January amounting at ^o a pistereeu pr £ to 8-6-6 
Mass money and I bot a pudding pann from her at ^-o ^ pistereeu and Dis- 
counted 6s/ old Tenor with her which I had pd James Linn for her and I 
borrowed from John Quig out soles for a pair of shoes for myself and out 
soles for a pair for Jonas and sold stuff and heells for a pair of Pumps for 
myself and Quig and I went to Holms in the evening and Drawed a war- 
rant for a town meeting to be held on the 19th instant at one of the Clock 
in the afternoon Concerning the fishing in Merrimack river 

6'^ James Linn helped me to Kill my hoggs 

7'^^ Archibald Maccollum finished makeiug shoes at my house he made 
a pair of shoes for me and a pr for Jonas and a pair of pumps for me of a 
Calve skin that James Ayers tanned for me and Tho" Maclaughliu brot 
over and I got it from him on Tuesday last what he did for me now came 
to 6 £ and I pd him it and 8 £ I owed him and James Macmurphy since last 
year for makeing shoes and I pd James Little a Dollar of Cydar I had 
from him Last Winter and 40s/ for 3 £ of Butter I had from on the 25 or 
26th of last May 

S"^ David MacCleary brot home 20 yds of Diaper and Charged 8s/ pr yard 
for weaving and I pd him the money for it 

10th Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the 32d Chapter of Deuter- 
onomy and the 2d verse 

11th I went to Litchfield and bot 4 bushel of oats from Widow Parker 
and I gave her a Dollar towards them and I got 4 bushell of Indian Corn 
from Sam'i Barnett being the Remainder of the 10 bushell I was to have 
from him on William Patersous acct and got it Ground into meal at Col 
Goffes 



76 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

12"' I was at the. Examination of Francis Barnet and Hugh Riddel as 
Constable and Discharged Hugh Riddel and settled with Rol)t Walker for 
two years Treasui-ership and Discharged him for his B years Treasnrership 
having examined him for 1 years Treasiirership before 

IB^^ I went to Lieut Halls to Examin the Claims on Ai-chibald Starks 
estate and went to Lo : Derry to my mother in laws and I pd Capt Per- 
ham 4- 1 0-0 that I had from him to get a bond of guardianship for his son 

1-4"' I got >^ a pound of Tea from Rob' MacNeill at 4-10-0 and I got 15 
Quarts of molasses from George Duncans wife at 4-14-0 1 pd all the money 
for each of them and came home in the evening 

16*'' I took a web of Checked Cotton and wool to Mrs Guile 

17"' Mi- Houston preached from First Peter 5 verse of y^ first chapter 

ISth I went to John Bm-ns and Run the Dividing line between him & 
Daniel Moore of Mathies place and ^\Tit Quit Claim between them and 
took the acknowledgement and Charged a Dollar Burns pd Moore did not 

19"' I pd Timothy Barron Juu'' the remainder of the horse price I pur- 
chased of Widow Russel being 14 £ prinsaple and its intrest for S months 
being 18V 8<^ 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM FEBRUARY 19 1700 

30"' I went to New Boston and Lodged at Deacon Cochranes 

21^' I surveyed 20 acres of land for John* Smith which he bot off the Pro- 
priety Joyning on the soiith of his place 

22'^ I Avrit a Notification to Andrew Walker to hear some affidavits on 
next Monday at Deacon Tho** Cochranes 

23*^ I got 2 £ of shugar from Jas Walker 

24th -j^y Houston Preached in Merrymac at Sam'' Caldwells from the 
fii'st of peter & 4th verse 

25"' I went to New Boston and swore 4 evidences against Andi-ew 
Walker in his Case against Nev/ Boston commitee and Came home in the 
evening 

26"' I reed 87 £ of Butter from John Blair of New^ Boston I bot it on the 
21*' inst a 24 £ Mass money it came to 17-8-0 Mass old Tenor and I pd him 
2 Dollars of the price of it and I Drawed articles of Vendue for Mary and 
Elizabeth Riddel of theii* place 

MARCH 2d 

Mr Houston preached in First Peter first Chap and 4tli Verse 

3^ was a Catehcizing at the Meeting house and I and my wife and John 
was Catehcized and waited on Capt Shepard and swore the Com" on Benone 
Fm-busher estate and he pd me 1-10-0 & 1-10-0 he owed me on acct of a 
warrant against Caleb Joans 

4"' I went to Lo : Derry and Vendued Mary and Elizabeth Riddels place 
in Bedford and I tarrj'ed at my mother in Laws 

5"! I attended on a meeting of Mr Macnutts Signers and was Chose Clerk 
and one of their Commitees to go to Hallifax to Got the grant and Survey 
the Land & my wife got 22 yds of Checked that Guiles WT.fe wove for us 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 77 

6"' I siieiit % of the day in Consulting' & Drawing orders I Disbursted a 
Johanna towards carrying the affair and I returned home in the evening 
and 5 Quarts of Molasses from Robt Macneal and 3^ pound of snuff and I 
pd him 4 iL toward it the remainder is due which is 1-16-6 old Tenor 

7"> I spent in settleiug with Gaiiin Riddel on his Constableship for the 
year 1757 this evening till four a Clock in the morning a ■\\Titing for Mr 
MacNutt and Votes of the Society meeting held on the 5th 

S"' spent the day untill % past 1 1 at night Drawing the schudle of names 
for him I entered besid myself and sous 94 names 

9"^ Mr Houston was at Peterburgh 

10'** I had John and James Moor in the afternoon Cutting wood for me 
& I went to Litchfield and got 4)^ bushell of Rie from James Underwood 
and I gave him 16 Dollars in Gold in two Johanuas 

11th I y^\x, 5 adv^ertisemeuts for John Goffe for the sale of 5 Lotts of his 
in Goflfes to\vn and I got 4 bushell of the Rie I brot from Litchfield the 
day before ground into meal at the Colonels mill and John & James Moore 
Cutt Wood for me all day 

12"^ I went and measured Mary and Elizabeth Riddels land and Drawed 
a Deed from them to John Moore Jun'' and I reed 12 £ from them for my 
going over fo LondonDerry and Venduing Drawing the articles of sale and 
the Deeds and Hugh Maciunish brot home my cowes that was at Deacon 
Williames place and Hugh Blair began to break flax for me 

l(]th yij. Houston preached from the 12th of Hebrews and 14th verse 

17'*^ I Drawed 2 Deeds one from John Dickey to Col Atkinson and an- 
other from Col Atkinson to John Dickey and I took the acknowledgment 
of Dickeys Deed to Atkinson and I charged him 3 £ unpd 

18"^ I set out for Boston 

19"^ In the night following about 2 of the Clock there was a fire brok out 
at the Brazen head in Mrs Jacksons that Raged to a great Degree and was 
the Greatest fire ever known in Boston I supposs it Demolised 5 or 6 
acres 

24''' I returned home again 

On the 14th I prepared the acct of the Constables and Robt Walkers 
Treasurership to be Read at the march meeting 

25"^ I spent the day in settleing with Mr Houston for his Last years 
preaching in Bedford being 40 Sabaths days the sum was £ 800 and Gave 
him an order for the same on the Treasurer 

26"' In the morning I settled with John Davis on a note of hand of £ 13 
Contracted the first of November 1756 to this Day at 2 /6 Intrest and it 
came to £ 19-16-11 old Tenourand he pd me the money the note was Given 
for yearlin Steer of John Caldwells which came to him out of his Grand- 
fathers Estate and I went to the annual March meeting and I was Chosen 
To^\^l Ck^rk and Surveyor of Timber & I sent Mary Burns 18-15-0 by lier 
bro John what I ow(!d her was 8-17-0 

27"' I settl(!d with Rob' Mathies on his note and he pd me £ 111-2-0 old 
Tenour and gave me a note for the Remainder of what he owed me being 
£ 121-18-4 old Tenour to be paid in a year with Instrest at 2"/ 6'' pr pound 



i O MATTHEW PATTEN S DIARY. 

my brors part of what he pel me was £ 37-0-8 and I pel him £ 48 in a 
Johanna behig 10-19-4 over 

30"^ Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the 12th of the Hebrews and 
14th verse 

81"' I pd Samuel Paterson 2-13-0 old Tenour I owed him and I gave in 
paying him 9V 6*^ over 

APRIL FIRST 

I Vendued 2 Lotts of Land for John Goffe at the Cols and I swore 7 sol- 
diers for Lieut Moore 

2d I granted the wart to Rebecca Moore against John Macnight 

3d I went to Lo : Derry and Lodged at my mother in Laws 

4"> was the General Fast and I heard Mr Macgregore preach in his own 
meeting house from the 9th of Hosiah & 12 verse 

5"^ I got a Gallon & a Quart of Molasses from Rob' Macneals wife and I 
pd her for it and 1-16-6 old Tenor which I owed from the last time I was 
there before which was of the 6th of March last and I came home after 
night 

6"i Mr Houston preached from the 12th Chapter of Hebrews and 14th 
verse 

7"^ I found my yearlin heifer Dead in my Meadow and I went to our 
annual meeting held by adjournment 

8"^ I pd Mr Sullivan £ 20 old Tenor in Gold being what he charged me 
for what work he did for me last mnter and I went to Litchfield and I pd 
William Paterson a pistole which was said to weigh 8-13-4 Mass old Tenor 
toward 10 bushel of Corn I had from Sam" Barnet on his acct and I pd 
Cap' Chamberlin 8 Dollars on acct of what Toal I have had and shall have 
and I got 3i<2 bushell of Rie from Jas Uiiderwood and had it Ground at 
Cap' Chamberlius and had the toal and borrowed a horse Colar from Sam^^ 
Barnet 

9'^^ I went to Col Goffes daughter Mollys funeral who Departed this Life 
at 10 minuts past 2 of the Clock of the 8th Instant and I went to Lieut 
Halls to attend the affair of Examining the Claim to Archibalds Starks 
estate and settled an acct to Timothy Farnum of Andover of £ 1000-2-0 
old Tenour 

lO'h I went along with Rob' Davidson to Di\dde off 80 acres of Land he 
sold to Randall Alexander and I tarryed all night at John Maccurdys 

11"» I Divided off the aforesaid 80 acres and he paid me for this service 
and for wTiting the Deed and the Bond of Defeazance two or three years 
ago 7-15-0 old Tenom- and I came home by the way of Tho** Halls and Col 
Goffes and I swore some man at Col Goffes for Lieut Moore and I went to 
John Bells Junr and I swore 4 men for Lieut Little and 4 for Eusn Mac- 
laughlin and 2 for Lieut Goffe 

This week I got 3 bushell of Indian corn from Jas Underwood and had 
it ground into meal at Capt Chamberlins and had the toal for pay 

lo'i^ being Sabathday Mr Houston was at Pelhani 

17"> I went to The'* Murdoughs and Writ a Deed from his father to John 
Bm-us of Monson of his farm and bums paid me 46*'-6'i old Tenor for his 



MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 79 

part of my Charges and I got 12 bushel of Rie from James Uiiderwood 
and brought it to Ciimiiigs feiTy and I brought it to Thomas Murdoughs 
and set it up in his Corn house and came home in the evening 

20"i Mr Rand Preached in Goffes town at Gails and I heard him preach 
from the first 7 verses of the 13th Chapter of Matthew and Mr Houston 
was at Pelham 

21^' I spent this daya going to McClearys trying to get a peice of striped 
Linnen wove but could not 

The remainder of the week I plowed and sowed Rie 

28'"' James Houston mended the middle tow of my Dung fork and Ebenz'" 
Johnson got 20 shad and did not pay for them 

29''^ I went to Robert Gilmoors House Raising and I settled on two or- 
ders which I had on Tho^ Wallace as a Constable one of 16 £ /8s and 
another of 4 £ my Rates town and ministers was 15-16-2 and I reed the 
ballance in Cash and I Indorsed the orders to him 

30*'! I went to Merrymac and got 5 Quarts of molasses from Mr Liit- 
wichie and borrowed a Dollar from Samuel Murdough to pay for them and 
I went to James Underwoods and got 2 bushel of Oats from him and Came 
to Gibsons and got almost ^a a bushell of peas from Mrs Gibson and I gave 
her 6-5-0 old Tenour and got no Change In the Night following I had a 
Cow Die in my meadow on hard bottom 

MAY FIRST 

I found her in the morning Dead who we found had Died of Calveing 
and I sowed my Early 

2<i Jonas and I Carted 12 Load of Dung 

4*'^ Mr Houston preached at Sunkook 

5"^ I sowed my oats 

10"^ I attended on the Selectmen at John Bells and I got an order for 
what I pd for the first years tax on Mr Atkinsons and Wentworths land & 
for 3 £ for Recording the figures the 2d years tax List & Warrant and an 
order for 12 £ for my Qualifying the town officers four year 

11"^ Mr Houston was in Boston 

12*'^ I pd John Gotfe 3-16-0 old Tenor and 6s/ by Writings being what I 
owed him for 2 bushel of salt I pd him 6 £ toward it by Vendueing land 
■vvi'iting advertisements &c before 

13"i William Clinton helped me and we planted my Potatoes being 3)^ 
bushell 

14'ii I attended the business of examining the Claims to Archibalds 
Starke Estate 

ISti^ I got my Mares shoes sett anew by James Houston and he charged 
20s/ old Tenor and I worked the time with him and I writ 2 Deeds one 
from Ebenz' Coston to James Aiken and another from sd Aiken to Joseph 
Houston Coston & Houston pd Aikens yet due 50s/ old Tenour 

16"! Our Cherry Cow Calved and my wife went to Tho^ Miirdoughs and 
brot away 1 bushell of the Rye that I got from James Underwoods and 
she got 5 Quarts of Molasses Lutchweikie and Changed a Johanna and 
she pd Sam" Murdough a Dollar that I borrowed from him the 30th of 



80 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

April Last and I planted a little Corn aud Beaus between the Potatoes aud 
the house 

17"^ Planted the last of my Corn 

IS^'i Mr Houston preached in Windham and Mr Goodhue of Massachu- 
setts Dunstable preached with us in Bedford in the forenoon from the Gth 
of the Proverbs from the 6th to the 12th Verse and in the afternoon from 
1 peter 2d Chapter and the former part of the 7th Verse the word To you 
therefore that believe he is precious 

19"^ Was a town meeting and it was adjourned till the 2nth instant at 
4 of the Clock in the afternoon 

20"^ I paid John Quig 3 Dollars to pay Deacon Williams for pastureing 
my oxen Las faull and keeping 2 cows a whill last Winter Which paid 
both times of tlie keeping & 7 /6 in Silver over aud above and I went to 
Londonderry and Lodged at my mother in Laws and Got a saddle and 
bridle from William Ayers 

21"*' I went to Major Tolfords and spent the day on an affair of a bond 
which Samuel Houston gave to my father in Law along with Mr Houston 
but Left the affau- as we found it 

22"! I settled with Jolm Caldwell on my being his Guardian for him and 
Divided What things was in partnership between lis I fell the Bed aud 
he the other articles and I pd him 7-15-0 old Tenor and I pd William 
Ayers 41-0-0 old Tenor for the saddle and bridle I got from him on the 
20th instant and I got % ^ pound of tea from Robt MacNeill and pd him 
4-16-0 for it and I got a bushel of salt from Robt Macmurphy and paid 
him 40s/ with something in his hand before pd him for it aud almost a 
Glass bottle full of Vinegar from Mrs Boies and Come home in the evening 
and had William Ayers Stallion serve my mare 

24th I -svTit 9 advertisements for Mr MacNutt for the men to go to Ando- 
ver to pass Muster and I went to Litchfield to see the Pi-ovincdal soldiers 
mustered and I borrowed £ 9 old Tenor from Robert Murdough and I brot 
away 3 bushel of Rie from Tho« Mm-doughs aud got it Ground at Capt 
Chamberlins mill and I had the toal 

25**^ Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the 12th Chapter of Hebrews 
and 14th Verse 

26*"^ was a town meeting by adjom-nment from the 19th Instant which 
I attended and I Divided off 16 acres and 90 Rods of Land from Gauin 
Riddle to Mr Houston and settled With Mr Houston for what money the 
Constables paid him in the years 1757 and 1758 which with what I pd of 
niy own money being £15-11-10 old Tenor in both years he Reed from 
Bedford for the year 1757 with £ 1-3-10 of mine for that year £ 559-15-2 
and for the year 1758 £ 14-8-0 of mine £ 7-34-18-6 old Tenor Which he 
Endorsed on the order the Respective sums on the Respective orders the 
1-3-10 of mine is Endorsed along -svith Deacon James Moores and Benj" 
Baxters Rates the sum in the Endorsement is 18-9-3 but it does not men- 
tion Whose Rates they are and is Entered on his order for the year 1757 
and the other 14-8-0 is Entered on his order for the year 1758 

27th I went a Divided off 10 acres for Deacon William Moore being the 



MATTHE^Y PATTEN 'S DIAEY. 81 

West end of no 26 the 9th Rang the Length that it took of the Lett was 28 
Rods 4 feet and a half and half an inch Charged 40s/ unpd 

31^' I went to Amosldeg and I got 80 shad home and 10 I sold to Hugh 
Ramsey all my own Catching and he pd 30s/ for them to John Hall 

JUNE FIRST 

Mr Houston was at Merrymac 

2* I went to Amoskieg Falls 

5* I Returned home again and I got 45 Shad and 52 Ells on the 3d I 
granted two Warrt one for Parish Richardson against John Mash and 
another for Leonard Harriman against John Martain Juur of Goflfes town 
on the 5th Mash was aprehended and they agreed and Mash paid the 
coasts I reed a note off mash for my my part of the charges being £ 8-12-0 
old Tenor and I gave the note to Tho» Hall to get the money for me 

6"^ I Recorded the March meeting affairs and another meeting affairs 
held May 19 and I filled up a wi'it and summons for Sam'^ Stark against 
John Boyd of Londonderry for £ 10-10-0 old Tenor 

8^^ I went to Mr MacGregores meeting being his Sacrament and Mr 
Morehead assisted him 

9*'^ I bot 5 £ of shugar from and 2}4 £ of Logwood from George Duncan, 
and pd him for t;hem and 2V 8'^ that I owed him on the acct of a Quire of 
paper amounting in the whole to 4 £ and came home in the evening 

10"^ I went in the forenoon to Hiigh Riddels and Notified his sons to go 
to Halifax as they were elisted and I bot 5 £ of Butter from Mrs Riddle 
for half a Dollar but did not get it and I pd her the money all but a Cop- 
per and I returned Daniel MacKinney 40V out of 3 pound he had given 
me to pay for Recording his Deed from Fergus Kennedy and I settled 
Jennet Wallace for what I did in her Case as an Evidence being 10 days I 
alowed 3 days her bror William helped me (viz) 2 a reaping and 1 a mow- 
ing at home and alowed a day for what he did at my hay in the Little 
meadow and a day her bror James mowed for me at home being 5 days in 
the whol and the other 5 I charged her 15 £ and charged her 3 £ for a 
Coppy of the Case and 20V for going to her fathers and acknowledging a 
power of attorney from her to Lieut Wallace amounting besides the 5 days 
her brors helped me to 19 £ and I reed 15-10-0 of it and the Remainder is 
yet due to be paid by spinning 

11th My "Wife and I went to Londonderry and I had James Scots horse 

14th jny Wife and I came home again on the 13th I carried My Cloath to 
James Milltimber to get made on the 12th I finished and attested the 
Claim to Archibald Starks Estate 

15"' I heard Mr Houston preach in Bedford from the 12th of the 14th 
Verse 

16*h I set out for Boston in Company with Hugh Riddel and arived there 
by 6 of the Clock in the afternoon 

2P' I set out from boston about 3 of the Clock in the afternoon and 
arived home the next morning about }4 an hour after sun Riseing 

23*1 I heard Mr Daniel Emerson preach in Bedford from the 3d of the 




82 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

Colossians 3d verse being the nionday after the sacrament and it Was a 
Rainy day 



On the IGth as I was a going to Boston I pd Robert Murdoiigh the £ 9 
I borrowed from him on the 24th of May last & while I was at boston I pd 
John Macnight a Dollar more of my mares price 

25"' I went to Litchfield and I got 4 bnshell of Indian Corn from James 
Underwood and I pd him 3^^ Dollars Being the fnll for all the Corn and 
Rie I have had from him and 4 bnshell of Corn I have got to come and I 
■pd William Patterson a Dollar being the fuU for the 10 bnshell of Corn I 
had from Sam" Barnet Jr on his acct and had the 4 bnshell of Corn I had 
off Jas Underwood Ground at Capt Chamberlins & had the toal for pay 

37th I -vveut to Litchfield to apprise William Parkers Estate and was 
that day npou that business and Lodged that night at Ensn Reads 

28"^ was on the same affair and afterwards I went to James Underwoods 
and got the 4 bnshells of »Corn I pd him for on the 25"' Instant and I pd 
him a Dollar for 2 Bnshell of Corn more which I did not get and I swore 
him and Ensn Read on the apprisement of Benj" Waltons Estate and 
Charged 20V old Tenor and the Admin''^ pd me 12V of it and I got the 4 
bnshels of Corn I got from Jas Underwood Ground at Capt Chamberlins 
and I had the Toal for pay 

30"' Jas Houston made one new shoe and set 2 on my mare and put a 
peice of my steel on the Colter of my plow and he Charged me 50V 

JULY FIRST 

I began to plow in fellowing my old field above my barn 

2^ I went to Tho^ Murdonghs a brot away 4 bushel of the Rie I had 
there and got 2 bnshell of it Ground at Capt Chamberlins mill and had 
the Toal for pay and I left the other 2 there 

3*1 I plowed 

4"' I went to Londonderry and got my Cloths that at James Milltim- 
bers and he Charged me £ 38 old tenonr for makeing a full coat a Jacoat 
& 2 pair Britches and as I went there I Reed from Alex"" Macnnirphy a 
Johanna for what time I spent in examining the claims to Arcibald 
Starks estate and £ 4-13-0 O : T : he pd Lieut Hall amoimted to the whole 
of my part for my part of sd service 

5"^ I went to William Adamses to James Miltimber and he altered the 
Britches and Jacoat and I came home in the evening 

6"' I heard Mr Houston preach in Bedford from the 14th Verse of the 
12th Chapter of the Hebrews 

T*"* I plowed about }4 an acre it was very hot 

gth I -writ a Deed for Lieut Moor to Tho« Mm-dough & I went to the Lot 
no 14 in the 6th Rang along with Murdough which finished the day 

G"' I had my brors mare and I plowed among my Corn apd Potatoes and 
I went in the afternoon to James Houston and he mended 2 hoes & the 
Colter of my plow and Charged 1-15-0 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 83 

10th_iith_i2th_i4th_i7th I -^yorkt at Piscataquog River Bridge on the 14th 
I borrowed £ 5-15-0 old Teuor from luy bror Samuel and I pd the Select- 
men £ 12 Old Teuor which was in my hands of arrearage money that the 
selectmen picked tip last year out of the former Constables and Treasur- 
ers hands on the 15th I Joyned with Samuel Paterson to Fish for Salmon 
and Catched 2 1 weighed £ 12)^ and the other £ 18 the small one I had 
and the Large one he had on the 16th we Raised the bridge over Piscata- 
quog River and sett our nett that night and by morning we had a 9 and a 
G pound salmon the Large one I had and the small one Patterson had 

18'^ I went to Litchfield and got 2 bushel of Indian Corn from Mr 
James Underwood which I had pd him for before on the 28th of Last June 
and got it Ground into Meal at Capt Chamberlins and I had the toal and 
brot away 2 bushels of Rie Meal I took the Rie there the second Instant 
and i pd my bror Samuel a bushell of Indian Meal which I borrowed of 
him Last fall or mnter 

19"^ I plowed and in the Evening Samuel Patterson and I Catched a 
Salmon which Weighed £ 8 And I had it 

20^'^ Mr Houston preached in Merrymac meeting house 

21'^ I mowed the Lott no 74 in the Little Meadow and Samuel Paterson 
and I Catched 2 Salmon that weighed £ 21 14 and I had them both 

23d I writ 2 Letters one for Mad'" Goffe and another for myself to go to 
her husband and I mowed all on the outside of my Fence at the Little 
Meadow and Jonas and I Raked 7 Cocks and Samuel Paterson and I 
Cactched 3 Sahnon and he took 2 of them which we Judged to Weigh £ 25 
and I had one that weighed £ 11 I am about £ 4 ahead of him in all since 
we began to Cactch 

23d I Knit at my fly Net and finished what T^vine I had the whole of 
what Net I have is 15 yds of a Chain and Sam^^ Patterson and I Cutt out as 
much of his old nett as it filled and We hung it in the evening and 
Catched a £ 10 Salmon which I had and Jonas finished Raking what hay 
I had mowed at the Little meadow 

24"^ I set out to go to Suukook and Nottingham East pr Capt MacNutts 
order to Bring in some Desarters but my Mare was lame in her off for Leg 
or shoulder that I went no farther than Thomas Halls and Returned home 
again 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM JULY 24th 1760 

25'^ I and Sam^i Paterson Catched one salmon of £ 9^^ and I had it and 
went over to Londonderry and took Sam^i Rankins Deposition for Capt 
MacNutt against James Mathies and I had Sam^i Patersons Horse 

26*11 X got my bror Rob' Macmurphys mare and went to Swans Ferry to 
see Capt Macnutt and Came back to my Mother Macmurphys 

27'ii I heard Mr Macgregore preach in Londonderry from the 9th verse 
of the 25th Psalm and came home in the Evening 

28"i I began to mow in my Little Meadow and Carted home a Load of 
hay from the Disputed Lott 

29"^ I Carted home another and "mowed in the forenoon and went in the 



84 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

Evening and fished in partnership mth Tho^ Parker and got a Small sal- 
mon the one half of it was Sam" Patersons it weighed £ 10 

30tii I went up Piscataqiiog River in order to fish with Mr Tho* Parker 
but was too Late and Came to Merrimack river and Catched one at Cold 
Brook and 3 at Patersons Brook and Samll Patterson and I had 3 of them 
and I got his part the whole weighed £ 691^; 

31'*' John Qnig Sam'^ Patten and I went to arbitrat between Nehemiah 
and Daniel Macueal Concerning Nehemiahs place 

V AUGUST FIRST 

was on the same business and finished it & Came home in the evening 
these two days especially the 31st of July was Wet Rainy Wether being 
the only Rain that we have had for about 4 weeks so as to Soak the 
Ground 

On the 30th of Last month Jonas went to ThC^ Miu-doughs and brot 
away 4 bushells of Rie I had there and left 2 of it at Capt Chamberlius 
and 2 he brot home and pd it to my bror Sam" being what Rie I borrowed 
of him Last FauU 

2^ 1 niovv^ed in the afternoon in the Little Meadow 

3"^ Mr Houston was at Peterbourg 

4 & 5"^ was Rainy Weather on the 5th my wife went to Tho^ Mur- 
doughs and Got a bushell of Beans 

6* turned and shaked out hay in the Little meadow and I mowed in the 
afternoon and I borrowed a Wooden bottle of Rum from John bell 

7"! our black Cow took bull and I raked with Jonas and John 34 Cocks 
of hay at the Little Meadow 

8"^ I began to Reap Rie in my field by my brors and had Alex'' Orr help- 
ing me and Jonas Raked 15 Cocks of hay at the Little meadow 

9*'i Alex'^ Orr helped in the forenoon & Jonas and I Reaped all Day 
these two Days we Reaped 19 stocks and 2 sheaves and my wife went to 
Jos Hoggs and got 10 Quarts of Rum coast £ 10 

10* Mr Houston preached from the 3d verse of the oth Chai^ter of 
Matth^ Gospel 

11"^ Jonas went to Capt Chamberlins and brot home 2 bushels of Rie 
meal which the had sunned and ground for me and Sam" Patterson and 
I Catched a Salmon weighed £ 19 & he had 6H of it 

12"' Alex'' Orr Rob' Morrial and Tho'* Mathies mfe Reaped for me 

13''' James Scott John MacManas & John Buckley Reaped for me 

14'!' the above 3 men finished my Reaping about 3 a Clock their Charge 
was £ 18 I paid then £ 12-10-0 and James Linn pd his note to nie of 
11-15-0 there was 1-6-0 pd by Lydia Murdough the Intrest he pd by kill- 
ing 6 Creatures for me he alowed me £ 1 1 out of what money he gave me 
and there Remain due to him 1-10-0 and Jean & Esther Patterson and 
my John and I Catched 2 Salmon 1 weighed £ 22 and the other about 8 
the small one they had and I had the Large one 

I had 32 stooks & 9 sheaves on the field by my brors and 52 & 11 sheaves 



MATTHEW PATTEI^'S DIARY. 85 

in the field before my house aniountiug iu the whole to 85 stocks aud 8 
sheaves 

15*i» Samuel Patterson Alex' Macnurrphy and I Catched a Salmon 
weighed £ 11 and Alex' Macmiirphy had it 

16*'^ I Carted home a Load of hay from the Little Meadow and 12^^ 
stooks of Rie 

17th ]y[j. Wilkins preached in Bedford from the 25th Chapter of Isiah 
and 6th Verse 

18"^ I Carted in 73 stooks & 8 Sheaves of Rie and I Drawed 2 Com- 
plaints aud warts one for Widow Nutt against her son Sam-^ and one for 
Jeau Gordou against her bror Sam^^ the Charge of Each is 6-8-0 old 
Tenour both unpaid 

19th 20tii 21"' & 22'! was on the business of the Differauce betweei^Robt 
Macmurphy and widow Cunningham on the 22d John Tolford and I 
signed a Deed to Alex Macmurphy of a peice of Land which lys by him 
which was Left to John Tolford Wni Tolford John Caldwell and me and 
Lieut Craig set the fore shoes anew of my mare and Alex' macmurphy 
pd for them 

24th ]y[p Houston was at Merryniac 

25*'^ I gave a notification to Widow Hobbs of Amherst to William Joans 
to hear some affidavit taken on thiu-sday the 28th Instant and I mowed 
about % a day in the Little meadow aud I Carted home a load from there 
in the Evening 

26*'^ the Rowns of the bottom of my long Cart body was all given away 
on the off side of the spear and I mended it and I settled with John Bell 
Junr and I owed him £ 12-5-3 old Tenor and I went to the Little meadow 
and with Jonas and John turning the hay we Raked and Cocked what I 
luowed the day before being 17 Cocks 

27'^^ I mended some Rakes aud went to the Little meadow and mowed 3 
Cocks and Carted home a Load of hay from there 

28"^ I went to Amlierst to take some affidavits for Widow Amie Hobbs 
and I reed 12 £ for my pains and tarried all night at Ensn Reads & James 
Mathies wife pd £ 50 towards his note 

29**^ I came home about 12 of the Clock and Wm Nutt came for me to 
go to Col Goffes to hear and try the case between his mother and sister 
Gordou and bror Samuell aud I went and heard and adjudged in their 
Cases but the accommodated after Tryal and the judgment was not Read 
out 

SC^ I Drawed a Deposition for William Peabody and he pd me 34"/ S^^ 
old Tenor for it & Scott & MacManos began to Cl«ar for me 

3pt ]y[j. piouston preached in Bedford from the 5th verse of the loth 
Chapter of St. Luke 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

I Drawed another Deposition for William Peabody and finished the Cap- 
tions on the Deposition between the Widow Hobbs and William Joans aud 
Returned the Rule of Court Concerning New Boston conunitee & Andrew 
Walker to Court again and Sent a letter and £ 12 in cash old Tenor to Mr 



86 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

Livermore or Parker to Manage a Case for MacNutt against Robt Wallace 
and Writ a Letter for Deacon Cochrane to Mr Parker of Portsmouth 

3'^ John Clogston Biitchere a ewe that weighed £ 43)^' and I went to 
John Jacobs and got a peice putt on my Syth and pd him lOV for it 

4"» I finished mowing at the Little meadow 

0*1^ I began to mow at home in the forenoon 

7^^ Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the oth verse of the 15th 
Chapter of St Luke- 

8*'^ Scott and Macmanus began again to Clear for me in the Little 
Meadow and Cleared all this week untill Saterday night 

11 & 12* Robt Smith helped me to mow at home in my meadow and on 
the 11th Htigh Blah- came from New Boston to my house to work for me 

13th Roijt Smith and I Butchered the old Belled Ewe 

14th jyfp Houston preached in Merrymac 

15"^ James Houston Drawed my Crow barr and sett the Eye of an axe 
into shape and made a new blade for my Jack knif and Charged 20V old 
Tenour and I wrot a letter for Sarah Bell to her husband at no 4 

17'h I finished mo-sving and Scot and Macmanus went to Clear this day 
again for me 

21st ]^p Houston was in Bedford but it was a Rainy day and I did not go 
to meeting 

22^1 Scot & MacManus finished Clearing the Lot no 60 Scot was 12 days 
and MacManus was 11 their Charge was £ 69 & I pd them £ 50 

23'! I reed a Letter from Capt MacNutt and I wrot one to him 

25"^ I made a Calender the sides wood and the Bottom tinn 

26"' the Surveyor proposed to work at the Highway to the east of John 
Bells and accordingly I went 

27"' Hannah Chamberlin finished Spinning at oxn house she came the 
18th of Aug-ust and Charged £ 12-10-0 and I pd her £ 8-0-0 and I Carted 
in 3 Jags of Hay 

28"' Mr Houston preached from the 6th Chapter of Romans and 6th 
Yerse in Bedford 

30"' I sit on the Bussness of Referance between new Boston commitee 
and Andrew Walker adjourned till Monday the 13th of October to meet at 
James Walkers again at ten of the Clock in the forenoon 

OCTOBER FIRST ^ 

Deacon Cochran and Andrew Walker agreed their Case themselves and 
I spent the day in Dra^wing the judgment and with them and took a Note 
for my pay from Andrew Walker the sum being £ 32 in all for my trouble 
in going to New Boston Last Winter to take Depositions and Summoning 
Evidences Notifieing the partys and refferres sending to Court for a second 
rule &c 

2'^ spent part of the day with Deacon Cochrane and Andrew Walker 
4"' I sett up the fence between Deacon Moor & I in the Little Meadow 
on the South side of mine there was 36 lengths and my wife let Alex"" Orrs 
wife have 2 bushell of Rie being what Orr charged me for what he reaped 
for me last Reaping time 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 87 

5th -^Ij. Houston preached at New Boston 

6^'^ I helped Deacon Smith to pry up his house 

7th Hugh Blair Went to New Boston all he has helped me since he came 
to me the 11th of September is 16 days 

O'^'i I finished makeing a Harrow for John Clogstone 

IQt'i I workt at New Boston Highway 

12th -^j. Houston preached in Bedford from the 6th Chapter of Romans 
and 6th verse 

14"» James Houston sett 2 shoes on my Mares fore feet and charged 16V 
old Tenor 

15"^ my wife and I went a Chesnutiug but made a poor hand of it 

16*'^ I sowed 2 bushell of Rie in my old field by my brors and I writ a 
deed from John Quig to Matth"- Macdutfey of his place and Rob' Parkesin 
Released the bargain of it and he pd the ■s\Titings and all his part of the 
Conveyance to him except lOy old Tenor and I writ a Deed from Timothy 
Ferrin to Leonard Harriman and it was not paid the charge of it is 20"/ 
and I pd Samuel Patterson 30V old Tenor toward what Salmon I had off 
him this summer with 9/6 I pd him last year Cleared us of the Salmon I 
had all but 20 £ 

19"^ Mr Houston preached in Bedford from St Luke y« U Chapter & 9 
& 10th verses 

20"' I Drawed an acct for Mehetibel Emery against John Mash and a 
Power of Attorney from her to William Karr and Karr Promised to pay it 
the charge is 40V 

21^' James Linn & Alex' Orr helped me to Butcher my Stagg which 
weighed £ 374 of Beaf & £ 59>^ of hide and I Qualified William Karr a 
Deputy Sheriff 

22^1 I took my Calf to pastui-e at Pattersons & Diged Potatoes the Rest of 
the day 

26''^ Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the 11th Chapter of St Luke 
and the 9th & 10th verses 

27"' was a training and I went to it and I got 3 bushel of Rie Ground at 
Col Goffes mill and before I went away I helped my bror to make part of 
a Chees and I put in 12 bushell of apples with him and he filled 3} 2 barrels 
with Cydar 1)^ I suppose my apples made & the other 2 barrels I expect to 
pay for 

28"' I Digged potatoes in the afternoon and Jonas Digged all day for 
William Barnet 

29"^ Jonas digged potatoes all day for Will'" Barnett and he sent home 
with Jonas for what We helped him 3 bushell 

The night between the 30th and 31st I had a small fitt of the Fever & 
augue 

31«t I lay abed all day 

NOVEMBER 

3'^ I carried £ 6% of yarn for warp & £ 8J^ of filler of all wool to Will- 
iam Nutt to weave & he pd me £ 24-10-0 old Tenor on acct of his mothers 
note to me 



00 MATTHEW PATTEX S DIARY. 

5"' I made a Dung shovel 

6"' I went to John Smiths in Goffes town and got 7 yds of pleided 
Cloath she wove for iis 

7"' I went to Tho** Wallaces & got i^ a bushell of Onions from his wife 
and did not pay for them for want of Change 

8'*^ I & Jonas went to John Thomas and Run round the land he had of 
me and I got 13 bushell of potatoes from him one of them his Wife give to 
mine & I got 33 hard burnt Brick from Tho^ Wallace they came to S/'* old 
Tenor the Potatoes & brick unpaid & Lucy Barron came to work at our 
house for us 

gth ]y[p Houston was at Newbury 

IQth I went to New Boston and Lodged at Deacon Cochranes and Jonas 
went and got a shoat from William Baruett which I am to pay £ 13 for 
and another from my bror that I doiit know the price 

11"^ I went to John Blau-s and I Bargained with Mrs Blair for 4 Tubbs 
of Butter a 4"/ in Silver pr £ aud Hugh Blair gave me 2^4 bushell of Pota- 
toes and I came home that afternoon and evening 

13"' I went to Samuel Barnets and got 4 bushell of Indian corn from him 
and I pd him a Johanna and am to have corn for the whole of it and it 
began to snow in the afternoon being the first that fell that year it was 3 
or 4 inches Deep 

14"! I hunted and wounded 2 buck but got none of them 

IS**! My bror Samuel and I followed one of the buck but could not get 
him 

IQtii -^j. Houston preached in Bedford from the 9th Chapter of Hebrews 
and the 2 last verses 

17tii I went to the Funeral of old Mrs Pebles who Departed this Life last 
Saterday 

igth I -went to Sam" Barnets and I got 4 bushell of Indian Corn & I got 
2 bushel of it Ground at Col Goffes Mill 

20''^ I went to John Blairs of New Boston & brot away 2 tubbs of Butter 
the one weighed £ 56 Tub and butter mthoiit the lid the other was £ 43% 
of Butter 

2P' I went to Mr Houstons and writ a Deed from his father in Law 
from him unpd 

22'i I got £ 2 of shugar from Matthew Little unpd 

23*1 Mr Houston was at New Boston 

25"^ I went to Samuel Barnets and I got 2 liushel of corn from him and 
2 bushell from Joseph Farmer there is only 30V pd toward Farmers which 

1 pd by Coppying a bond and I pd James Scott 16-10-0 old Tenor being 
the whole of what I owed him on acct of his Reaping aud Clearing for me 

26"' I got 2 bushell of the corn I got the day before ground at Col Goffes 
mill 

27"' was the general Thanksgiveing 

28"' I winnowed 11 bushell & about 10 Quarts of Rie 

29"' I went to Sam" Barnets and got 4 bushell of- Indian corn & got 2 
bushell of it ground into meal at Col Goffes mill 

31st ]y[p Houston preached in Bedford from ye 97 Pslam & first verse 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 89 

DECEMBER FIRST 

I winuowed almost 3 bushel rie aud went along with Haws to see the 
Lott no 1 on the north side of Piscataqiiog River but did not sell it and 
had a jill of Rum at Matthew Littles on Credit 

2'i Was a town meeting which I attended & before the meeting by one 
of the Selectmen's desire I went to lay out a Highway from Deacon Walk- 
ers to the meeting house but did not do it 

3'^ I workt Piscataquog bridge 

G"^ I went to Sam^i Barnets and got 4 bushell of Indian Corn and got 2 
bushell of it Ground at Col Goffes mill 

8"' I hunted & got nothing 

9"^ I went along with Cap* John Stark & Tho*> Hall to Litchfield on an 
affair of Land between them & Tho^ Read Esq'' 

11"' I came home again from sd business and got 4 bushel of Indian 
Corn from Sam^^ Barnett 

12"' I assisted in laying the plank on the bridge over Piscataquog River 

14"' Mr Houston was at Merrymac 

15"^ I attended on the selectmen & Reed 2 orders one of 24 £ and the 
other of 31 being the pay for 5 years Clerkship 

17"' I went to Sam^^ Barnets and got 4 bushell of Indian corn & got 2 
bushell of it gTound at Col Goffes mill 

18*'' James Houston sett my mares shoes and steeled the toes of 2 shoes 
and charged 40V 

19"' I killed a Buck that weighed 27 £ pr Quarter and I writ a Deed 
from John Anderson to George Orr of the Lott no 3 in the 2d Rang on the 
north side of Piscataquog River in Goffes town 

21'** my Wife to Lo: Derry to see her mother who was taken unwell the 
week before 

23'! I went to Tho'* Murdoughs and 4 bushell of Indian corn and got 2 
bushell of it ground at Cap' Chamberlins mill and I had the toal I had my 
brors mare to bring it home 

26"' I granted a War' to James Gibson against John & Tho** Worthley 
and 7 Supeneas the charge of the whole is 25V new Tenor tinpd 

27"' I went to Tho^ Murdoughs and got 4 bushell of Indian corn and got 
2 bushell of it ground at Cap' Chamberlins mill & I had the toal 

28"* Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the 55"' of Isiah and 3d 
Verse 

29"' I made the province Rates & Drawed the warrant 

30"' I borrowed 3 sheats of paper of my brother 

JANUARY FIRST 1761 

I went to Tho'* Murdoughs and got 4 bushells of Indian corn and got 2 
biishell of it ground at Cap' Chamberlins and I had the toal and I went 
through among several of Merrymac Inhabitants who was Rated with us 
in Bedford to the minister 

2'' I killed a sow and went to Goffes mill and got 2 biishell of Rie 
ground 



90 ■ MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

In this month I got 4 bushell of Corn from Tho'' mnrdoiighs and on the 
6"^ Alex'' Orr helped me to Idll two Hoggs and I took a Staggs hid which 
weighed 59 £ and a Cow hide that died in the Calving to Lieu' Robys in 
Chester and I got 2 sides of sole Leather from him that he tanned for me 
last year and a side of iipper leather Marked at 10-10-0 oil acct of the 2 
hides I put in now and I went to New Boston and got 2 bags full of Tur- 
nips from Hiigh Gregg and 2 Tubbs of butter from Mrs Blair and I got 
one bushell of salt from Mr Daniel Ingles and Sold him a parcel of Timber 
at 3^ a Dollar pr Tun Round Measure to be paid the one half in Salt the 
other in Cash and I Aysnt to Boston with the Butter I had off Mrs Blair 
the butter brot me 5V pr £ the whole Quantity I had from her was 182^ 
£ which amounted to 36-8-0 Mass: old Tenor what things I bot for her came 
to 17 £ and I sent them to her by her son W" and 19-8-0 Mass: old tenor 
in Cash and I purchased one of the Tubbs from W'" for 1-4-0 old Tenor 
but could not pay him for want of Change and I Reed 25 £ old Tenor from 
Gauin Riddell £ 24 of it was on acct of an order I had from the selectmen 
In this month I borrowed £ 8 old Tenor from Jas Walker and I paid it 
to John MacManus being what I owed him for what he Cleared for me 
last Faull and I paid Samuell Barnett £ 30 old Tenor being the whole of 
what I owed him for what Corn I had from him last faull and this winter 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM JANUARY 31^' 1761 
FEBRUARY 

3*1 I Returned home from Boston 

8"' I heard Mr Houston preach from the Chaptr and the verse of 

10"' Jas Houston sett a shoe on my mare and I went through among 
several of the Inhabitants of merrymac who was Rated with us in Bedford 
for preacliing 

11"' Jas Houston Laid an ax for me and Charged 4-10-0 old Tenor and 
attended a meeting of the Selectmen at Gauin Riddells 

12"' Jas Houston put a hoop on a pott and charged 1-4-0 and I went to 
Londonderry to a meeting of Nova- Scotia Subscribers & I pd Mr« Bell a 
Dollar what I owed her was 4 peistereeus 

13^^ went to Chester 

14"' William Tolford & I Deed away a lott in the 80 acres in Chester to 
Dr Sam" Moor for £ 1600 o Tenor no 69 and John Caldwell and I Deeded to 
John & William Talford our part of 2 forty acre lotts & half and 1 sixty 
acre lott and half and one Meadow Lott & half for 600 £ old Tenor & 
William Tolford gave me a bushell of wheat 

15"' I heard Mr Macgregore preach from the 32 Chapter of 2d Chronicles 
and 25tli Verse 

16* I went and Settled on my note to Mrs Wear and pd £ 100 and gave 
a note for the Remainder being 155-1-4 old Tenor on Demand and And 
Rob' Macmurphy gave me a bushell of Wheat and I bot 1 Dozen of But- 
tons from W" Duncan and paid Joseph Hogg 4-5-0 and 16V he owed me 
for ^vriting a Deed paid him 5 £ I owed him for 5 Quarts of Riim my sis- 
ter in Law got for me last Summer and I Cleared at Col Goffes for all I 
owed in the house being 2-19-0 old Tenor 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 91 

17tii I got the 3 bushell of wheat above meutioued ground, at Col Goffes 
mill and I pd James Walker the £ 8 I borrowed of him Last January and 
my ^vife was taken with Travail pains and I got 7 Quarts and a half a 
pint of Rum from John Bells Junrs wife 

18"^ my wife was in hard Labor all the night before and was Delivered 
this day Between 11 & 13 of the Clock of a man child 

19"^ I got 7 Quarts and >2 ^ pi^t of Rum more from John Bell Junr and 
I pd the midmfe £ 3 old Tenor and carried her home and went and 
attended on the Selectmen at Matthew Littles at the settlement of Rob*^ 
Gilmore on his Constableship 

33'i Mr Houston preached from the 55th Chapt of Isaiah and 3d Verse in 
Bedford 

34"i I gave Obidiah Haws £ 6 old Tenor to take my yegirs ferriage out of 
& got no change 

35"^ I swore James Moor Robert Giffin David Thompson Rob' Morrial 
and Alex'' Orr Concerning theii" being at Fort Frederick over Winter in 
the year 1760 the first 4 I charged a peistereen and Giffin is to pay it and 
Orr I charged 16V old Tenor & I sent Jonas and got a bushell of Early 
from John Clogston and I cutt Rail timber on the highway at the west 
end of Benj" Smiths land and I got S% Quarts of Rum from John Bell 

26^^ was a suowey Day & I cutt wood at home 

37"^ I cutt wood and Jonas hauUed 

MARCH 

1'*' was Sabath day and I went to Lo: Derry & heard Mr Macgregore 
preach from the 13 & 13 verses of the first Chapter of the 1st Corinthians 

3<i I got 5 Quarts of Rum from W" Rankin and pd him 5-10-0 for it and 
came home 

3^^ I pd Tho^ Miu-dough £ 50-0-0 old Tenor and I got a horse Corlar from 
Deacon James Moor unpd 

4th I Drawed a Compt & Wart for Daiiiel Macmurphy against Richard 
Rowan and attended the selectmen in Drawing the acct of the coast of 
Building the bridge over Piscataquog River and I Drawed the Wart for 
the March Meeting Alex'' Orr & Charles Black cutt wood for me 

5"' was summoned an Evidence in INIacmurphys case and attended the 
tryal of Hugh and Richard Rowans Cases and made the bridge rate and 
Wart for Collecting the same and Charles Black cut wood the forenoon 

6"' Charles Black cut wood all day and George pearson came here to 
work for a fortnight for £ 13 old Tenor & I went to Mer' William Dun- 
cans and got 4 Gain and 3 Quarts and }4 pi^t of Rum a £ 4 pr Gain came 
to £ 31-3-0 and paid him £ 13 of it 

7"^ I pd John Bell Junr 4 Gallon and 3 Quarts and 1 pint & ^4 of Rum 
what I owe him yet of Rum is 2H Quarts 

9"' I went to Amherst and Qualified their town officers and charged 
them a Dollar which they paid & James Smith ciit Rail stuff for me 

lO''^ I came home again 

11"' I attended on the selectmen and Reed a Discharge on my being 
Treasurer for the years 1757 and 1758 and I liad John Quigs oxen and Dea- 



92 INIATTHP^W patten's DIAEY. 

con Smiths oxen and James Smith helping me to Draw Rail stuff to y'' 
Little Meadow on the west side 

12"' I had James Smith and his fathers oxen lielping me to Draw Posts 
& Rail stuff to the Little meadow 

This morning about 2 of the Clock there was a Considerable smart shock 
of an Earth Quake which "Wakened me out of sleep 

13"' & 14"' I Drawed 16 Load of wood and I had John Clogstones slede 
these three days and on the 14th I paid William Barnett £ 12 old Tenor 
for a Shoat I had from him last Faull 

15"' was Sabathday and Mr Houston was in Merrymac 

l(i"' I Reed £ 6-l/)-(i old Tenor from Rob' Gilmor of Merrymac being the 
Remainder of a Quarter of Beaf he had from niv faull was a twelve month 

18"' George Pearson finished his fortnight that I had hii-ed him for 

19"' I helped Deacon Smith to Rais the barn lie bouglit on Greggs place 

21st I went to Merrymac and got 7 lb of sliiigar from Mr Lutwychie and 
paid him 1-15-0 in Mass old Tenor and (iV on acct of the mistake of a 
Quart of molasses near a twelve months ago and I got 4 bushell of Indian 
corn from Tho'^ Murdough and had 2 bushell of it ground at Cap' Cham- 
berlins and had the Toal and I paid Hannali Chamberlin 4-10-0 old Tenor 
being what I owed her for what work she did for lis last siimmer and I got 
2 Quarts of Riam from William HenVy and I paid him for it and 2}^ Quart 
of Molasses I had from him this Winter and I rinrd 10-14-() old Tenor from 
William Henry being his Ministers Rates in Bedford for the year 1758 
and I got a Cliair from James Wallace and I pd him 40V for it 

22"' Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the 29th Psalm and Verse 

23'^ I haulled I post and 3 slit work cutts at the Little Meadow and I had 
Benj" Smiths oxen and I went to the funeral of John Burns son John 

24"' I Drawed one slit work cut and had Quig and Deacon Benj" Smiths 
oxen and I wi-it a Deed from Hugh Riddell to Obdiah Haws and charged 
20V unpaid and writ a mortgage Deed from Haws to James Voce 3 notes 
from Haws to Riddel and took the ac;knowledgement of both Deeds and 
Charged Haws £ 4 old Tenor and he pd 25V old Tenor and the Remainder 
is due 

25"' was oiir annual March Meeting and I was chose Clerk and Siirveyor 
of Lumber 

26 & 27"' I was on the business of settling Sam" Murdoughs Estate 
among the heirs on the 27th I got 4 bushell of Indian corn from Tho" Mur- 
dough and I got it ground at Cap' Chamberlins Mill and I had the toal 
and on the 2(ith James Linn and Alex^ Orr Butchered a sow for me 

29"' Mr Houston preached in Bedford from the 29th Psalm and 3d Verse 

APRIL FIRST 

I swore Alex'" Maccollum and Tho" Wilson to the Inventory of New Bos- 
ton and the same day I swore Alex'' Walker & Samuel Richards to the 
Inventory of Goffes town and Went to Tho" Halls to take Cap' John Stai'k 
and his wifes Deposition concerning a Newbury lottery Ticket but Col 
Goffe had taken it before I went and I came home in the Evening 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 93 



On the 30tli of last month I got 2 pigs from James Lyon nnpd and I 
took a sow to the boar to William Thompson and on the 31st I got a ^2 
bushell of peas from him and I paid him 3-15-0 old Tenor and Reed no 
Change 

5*'^ Mr Houston preached in Merrymac 

6 7 & 8"» I was on the biisness of Dividing Samuel Mm-doughs Estate 
among his Wife and Children 

gtii I -vvent along with Nehemiah Maeneal to View the place he let his 
bror Daniel have along with my bror Samuel and he gave us 6 £ old Tenor 

10*'^ I sett up the barrs at the Little meadow & split 24 Rails more there 

11"^ I began to Sow and plow in Rie 

15"^ I Drawed Bedford Inventory to go to court and Qualified the taker 
of it (viz) Cap' Barron and charged £ 3 old Tenor luipd and settled with 
James Mathies on his Note and I reed £ 1 1 1 

IGf' I pd Jolm Thomas 18 £ old Tenor for 12 bushell of potatoes I had 
from him last faull and I went to Lon: derry and Lodged at my Mother in 
laws 

17"* I came to my brother in Laws Alex"" Macmurphys and got a meas of 
fish and parsnips & french Turnips and Cabage and a quarter of veal from 
my Mother in law 

lP,th J granted a Warrant to Jos Butterfield of Monson against William 
Jones of Amherst for on profane oath and 4 suppeneas the whole charge is 
4-8-0 old Tenor unpd 

19"* I heard Mr Houston in Bedford preach from the 12th Chapter of 
Hebrews and 1st verse 

20* I began to "s\Tit a Letter to Mr Houston 

31^' I pd Rob' Smith £ 12 old Tenor being the whole that I owed him for 
makeing and Mending shoes for me 

23'^ was the Fast preparetory to the Sacrement in Bedford and I deliv- 
ered my letter to Deacon James Moor to give to Mr Houston 

24"* I got a tramil and an Eye put on a hatchet at James Houstons and 
the charge was 7-15-0 and I went to Mr Lutvnchies and % £ of Tea and 
m of Logwood and him for them being 1-7-6 in Mass old Tenor and I 
reed a letter from Mr Houston 

25"' Rob' Mathies paid off the last of the price of his Land being 138-8-0 
old Tenor and I pd my bror Samuell £ 24 of his part and I owe him 22 £ 
yet of his part and I sent a second letter to Mr Houston by my boy 

26"* was the Sacrement in Bedford and I heard Mr Mitchel preach from 
the 8th of the Romans and 23d Verse 

27th I -wrent to meeting and heard Mr Mitchel preach from the 2d of Col- 
losians and 6th verse and sent 16/9 Mass old Tenor by Gauin Riddell to 
Boston to buy a shamy sheeps skin 

29"* was the Provincial Fast 

30"' My bror went along with me to Mac Allesters mill and 2 pr of oxen 
and I had John Bells Junr and Gauin Riddels and Richard Mac Allesters 
oxen and we Drawed out in 7 white pine Loggs and 4 Cutts of oak for Slit 



94 MATTHEW PATTEX'S DIAEY. 

work iinto tlie ^yays and I brot away 258 feet of Boards that Gauin Riddell 
sawed for me 

MAY FIRST 

I went to Lo: Derry and Sent a letter to Cap* Francis Peabody Concern- 
ing Cap' MacNiitt drawing wages for me out of tlie Treasmy 

2'^ I pd of my note to Lieu' John Wear of 135-1-4 and its Intrest since 
the 9th of February and he gave me 20"/ and 10 pence of the lutrest only 
we alowed in the cast a week intrest more than was due and I borrowed 
20V old Tenor from Rob' Macmurphy and I got near 3 pecks of Flaxseed 
from him and I came home in the Evening 

3'' I heard Mr Houston preach in Bedford from the 13 & 14 verses of the 
29th Chapter of Jeremiah 

4th I -went to JSiacAllesters mill and carried off 2 stocks of boards that 
John MacAUester sawed for me the one stock measured 322 feet and the 
other 382 feet and I got the shamey skin from Gauin Riddell that I sent 
for by him to Boston it cost 15V in Silver and I sent 16/9 and in the after- 
noon it began to snow and continued snomng all night the wind Easterly 

5'^^ It snowed all day it abated in the evening it fell about S^ inches 
Deep at my house it is said it fell 10 inches deep at William MacDoles and 
mid legg deep in Chester and at one a Clock in the Afternoon and was 
then snowing hard it fell 15 inches deep in Starks town 

6"^ the snow went mostly off about my house and I let John Bell Junr 
have 2 bushell of rie pr his bror James 

7th J went and took care of my boards at MacAllesters mill Gauin Rid- 
dell sawed 8 stocks which measured 876 feet and Joseph Houston sawed 2 
stocks that measured 419 feet and he and I Divided a stock that he was to 
have had the whole of that he sawed last f auU the whole of what Gauin 
Riddell sawed for me is 1134 feet he had a stock of boards from me in 1754 
that Measured 286 feet the whole of what I owe him is 622 feet after 
alloweing for that stock he had in 1754 

9th I "vvent to Mr Lutweikys and got 7 £ of shiigar and paid him 1-15-0 
Mass old Ten'^ for it and I got 1}4 Bushell of potatoes from John Thomas 
that he gave me 

10"^ Mr Houston preached at Mr Batchelders parish in Haverhill 

11th J went to MacAllesters Mill and carried off 4 stocks of slit work 
that John MacAlester sawed for me they measured 482)^ feet the sawing 
came to 7 £ old Tenor the whole he sawed for me this spring of boards and 
slit work conies to 14-4-0 old Tenor I owe him the whole yet and I I went 
to James Houstons and I got an old ax made into a holeing ax and it cost 
25V and I got a new staple for an ox yoke which cost 27V 

12"^ I paid Mary Houston 21V old Tenor that I owed her for spinning 
fihe did here some years ago and I went along with Daniel Macmuri)hy to 
show him my farm in Goffestown 

Kjth I went to Namaskeig and got 3 shad 2 Tho" Karr gave me and 1 I 
bot of Zeldel Stevens and gave him 4^/ for it and Mrs Hall sent my -wife a 
peice of Salmon and I pd Cap' John Stark one Johanna on Crown Sterling 
and one shilling & one six pence Sterling with one Dollar was due to me 



MATTHEW PATTEX'S DIARY. 95 

out off his fathers estate and 1}.^ Dollar was due to nie on acct of prising 
his fathers Estate amounted to 12 Dollars lacking 6 copers being the intrest 
due lacking 6 copers for one year of what money I borrowed from him 
January 8 1760 

17*'^ I heard Mr Houston preach in Bedford from the 3d of Romans and 
the 28th Verse 

18"^ I went to Mr Lutweikeys and got a pair of wool Kards coast ^ a 
Dollar and fo £ of Tea and paid a Dollar and I owe 6 Copers of the Tea I 
borrowed the Dollar from my bror Sam" and Abagail Chamberlain came 
home along with me to spin at our house and I paid George Pearson 4-6-0 
and a pair of pumps he had of me a 7-10-0 paid him for the fortnight he 
workt with me this Spring all but 4"/ old Tenor 
19"^ I had my brors oldest oxen and I carted Dung 
22^1 I sent out for Andover and Haveril and Lodged at Mr Ingalls 
23'i I -went to Haverhill and got 2 bushel of salt from Richard Ayers at 
25"/ pr bushell and did not pay for it 

25"' I went to Amoskieg a fishing and fished untill the 2d day of June at 
Night and I got 72 shad and a small Salmon I borrowed 10 shad from 
James Maccurdy and I owe him for them I cleared oft' all my expenses at 
Russ being 18V and at John Halls being 2-2-0 old Ten"^ and I owe my 
expenses at Tlio" Halls yet 

JUNE 1st 

I fined old Mr Loggan 16/ for swearing one profane oath in Derryfield 

2'! I fined James Steele 40V for swearing 4 profane oaths in Derryfield 
all the shad I got this year was 75 and 10 I borrowed from James McCui-dy 
amounts to 85 

S*! I hurt the brush in the Little Meadow that Scot & MacManus Cleard 
for me last faull 

11* I finished setting uj) my part of the fence Between Deacon Moore 
and I 

12'!' Rhody made 2 shoes of my Iron and Set them and made a holeing 
ax into shape and Charged 2-5-0 

14"^ I heard Mr MacGregore preach in his own Meeting house from the 
24th of Mat & 12 Verse and I came and lodged at My bror Alex' Macniur- 
phys & Mr Houston was at Pelliam 

15"^ I got i'2 £ of Indigo from him & did not pay for it and EHzth Cham- 
berlin came to our house to spin 

IS"' I went to the River at Pattersons brook and Joynd -with Lieu' Goffe 
and Thompson and Sam" Patterson and we catched 3 Salmon we supposed 
weighed 40 £ 

19'^ was a small quantity of Rain and I went to Tho^ Halls to borrow 
his Fly nett 

20* I went to Litchfield and Qualified 12 men for Cap' Lovewell and 
had Col Goftes Colt 

2l6t jyjj. Houston was abroad to the south westward 

22*1 I went to Tho*' Halls and settled with him for my fishing Expenses 
and the 8-12-0 he Reed on my Acct from Cap' Martain for John Mash and 



96 MATTHEW patten's DrAIlY. 

27/ I pd him last faiiU aud Reed the ballaiice beiug 4-18-0 and borrowed 
his fly iiett aud taxed the bill of costs for Deacon Boies against Fergus 
Keunedy 

23^1 I got Deacou Walker aud William Baruetts Cauuoe aud fixed our 
net and Halls together 

26*'^ I went to Derryfield and run the Divisions of John Baruets Junrs 
Meadow above Cap* Perhams and Lodged at my bror Alex Maemurphys 

27tii I mil ^iie ling between my bror Alex Macmiu-phy and Sam^^ Boyd 
aud Boyd pd me 25V old Tenor for his part of the cost and Alexander Mac- 
murphy gave me near 4 bushell of Indian Meal and Sam'^ Paterson aud I 
catched 7 Salmon at one hall that weighed 97 ^^ £ and one we catched the 
night before that weighed 12 £ 

2C)th J -^veut lip Piscataquog river to fish along with Deacon Walker Will- 
iam Baruett and Samuel Patersou but got nothing 

JULY FIRST 

Samuel Patterson and I catched 5 Salmon he had 2 weighed 25 £ & I 
had one that weighed 9 £' 

2ii We sent one of the yesterdays catchiugs to Tho** Hall of 14 £ weight 
aud another to Deacou Walker and William Barnet of 9 £ and Jonas and 

1 went up the Near Meadow and shook out some hay and cocked it that 
James Miller mowed on Jos Thomas lott we have estimated what I must 
give him to Deacon Walker and we helped William Barnet to Rake 9 cocks 
that Miller had Mowed on his Right in said Meadow 

3'i I went up to Matthew Littles and swore the Evidences in Jean Mae- 
murphys case and spent the day on that busuess and Samuell Patterson 
and I catched 3 salmon that weighed 55 pound I had one that weighed 32 
aud he had 2 that weighed U^^ £ each I have had 23 £ more than him 
and Jennie Maciunish sent home a pair of stockeus she had knit for me 

4"> We catched 3 salmon that weighed 34i;j; Sauuiell Patterson had 11 £ 
the other 2 we designed to send to Tho^ Hall 

gtii ]y[j. Houston preached in Bedford from the 3'^ of James aud 13"' Verse 

Qth ^yg catched 2 salmon that weighed 18^4 aud I had them both 1 was 
masht in the nett on saterday night the other we catched on Monday 
Morning aud in the Evening we hauUed and catched 6 Salmon that 
weighed 85}^ we alowed Nathaniel Patterson one that weighed 24^^ aud I 
had 2 that weighed 301^4 and in the forenoon I went to Tho'' Halls being 
the day appointed for holding their first meeting after Incorporation and I 
carried 1^11 2 sahuou that weighed 23 £ and in the evening we We sett 
the nett and catched a Storgion that weighed 94 £ whole and was 6 feet & 

2 inches in Length and I had him 

7"' I brot it home and dressed it and fished in the afternoon aud catched 

3 at Pattersons brook and 3 at Cold brook and 2 at Scheeroos brook the 
whole weighed 75 £ Nathaniel got 21 £ Samuel Patterson got 26 J>^ £ and I 
got 271^ £ 

gth I "v^reut to Lo : Derry and Lodged at my mother in Laws 
cjth I got almost 5 gallon of Vinegar in bottle and a Barrel full from 
Lieut Duncan he gave me the Vinegar and I pd hiiu for the barrel aud 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 97 

came home in the afternoon and I got a sow pig from Mrs Patterson that 
weighed £ 31 and I am to give her one again of the same weight 

lO*'* Samuell and Nathaniel Patterson & I went up Merrymac to look for 
Salmon and Lodged at Capt Fowlers and John Bell Jnn'' got 2 bushell 
of rie 

11"' went as far as the mouth of Sowkook but got none and came home 
that night this day or yesterday Jonas got 3 pigs from Deacon Rob' Walker 
unpaid 

igtii "vVrit a Mortgage Deed from Eleazer Robbius to John Harvey uupd 

14"^ I let Joseph Houston have a bushell of rie which was what I owed 
h^ni for what he sawed for me last fall and spring 

17th I "v^ent along with James Mathies of Merrymac to Capt Minots and 
gave a Wart of aprisement to Capt Minot & Jas Cowan to apprise a horse 
he had pounded the day before and Swore them and Charged a Dollar 

18"' I began to plow in the field before the house 

19*^ Mr Houston was at Pelham 

20 21 & 22^1 I plowed in 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM JULY 22d 1761' 

23'' I wont and began to mow in the Near Meadow in Mr Sigoonys Lott 
& I got 1 Quart and fo a pint of Rum from John Bell 

26"' I heard Mr Houston preach in Bedford from the 13"' Verse of the 3* 
Chapter of James 

27"' I finished stacking at the near meadow I got 22 cocks 

3P' Alex"^ Orr & Aaron Henery helped me to Reap Rie and I killed a 
Lamb that Weighed 40)^ £ 

AUGUST 1st 

Alex'' Orr & Aaron Henery helped me to Reap about 3 2 of the forenoon 
& it began to rain and beat us from it and I let Aaron have a Syth Sueath 
and in this day and yesterday I borrowed 2 fulls of glass bottle of Rum 
from my bror Samuel the bottle held above a quart 

2'! I heard Mr Houston preach in Bedford from the 13"' of Romans and 
lOth Verse 

4"' I finished reaping in the field by my Brors I had 14 stooks and 2 
sheaves in it 

5"' I began to mow in the Little Meadow & I borrowed a Quart of Rum 
from my bror and reed 3 £ old Tenor from Eleazer Rabins being the 
remainder of the price of stocking his Gun and 2V6'' old Tenor over 
towards some tow my wife let him have 

6"* I Carted home a stock of boards from Macallesters mill and 6 slabs 
and James Houston mend the heql of my syth and he charged 8V old 
Tenor 

7"' I took the acknowledgement of a Deed from John Holms to Tho** 
Shirley unpd 

8"' James Walker brot me a syth from Belerica he laid out the money 
for it 

10"' Tho*^ Shirley paid the acknowledgement of the deed taken on the 7"' 



98 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

and I Writ a Deed from James Peters to to John Mills and Tlio" and Will- 
iam McClure 

12*'i I began to mow in the Little Meadow and finished Mowing on the 

13"' I Idlled a Lamb that weighed 371-4 and James Voce helped me 
to Mow 

20"' finished mowing in the Little meadow 

2P' I carted home the first Load of hay from the Little meadow 

22'' was a rainy day and I planed at Jonathan Chamberlius Controverted 
land 

25tii I went to Lieu' Duncans and attested to the plan before Docter 
Thornton and brot home a barrel of Vinegar from said Duncan 

28"' I pd James Walker a Dollar which he pd for a syth for me on the 
8th Instant 

30"' Mr Houston preached in Derryfield 

3pt I finished Carting my hay from the Little meadovv I had 9 Jaggs for 
my oxen and mare being 94 Cocks and I went to Litchfield with Deacon 
Kendall to acknowledge a Deed from Tho^ Bixby who lay very sick and I 
had my bror Mare and I acknowledged two more for him one from David 
Whitemor and one from Harvell and one from Kendall to Harvey 

SEPTEMBER 

l^t came home and got the remainder of our checquored cloath from 
Widow Shinly being 28 yds in the whole I pd her for weaveing 6/ pr yd 
came to 8-8-0 old Tenor in the afternoon I began to mow at home 

2'! I went and run Lines for James Voce which paid him for mowing 
for me on the 13"' of August last and I went just before night to Guils 
Vendue 

7th I -^^rrit a deed from Guil to Little of his place sold the 2*^ Instant 
unpaid and a Deed from Rob' Gilmor to his son Rob' of a lot in Goffts 
town and acQuitance from Rob' to his fathers Estate and acknowledged it 
Gillmor owes for the first Deed and the last acknowledgement being 30/ 
old Tenor and a Deed from Capt Perham to Charles Emerson and Emerson 
owes the acknowledgement being 16/0 : T : the Deed I gave to Capt Perham 

9"' I killed a lamb that weighed 46 £ 

10"' I got 2 £ of shugar from James Walker and paid 28V old Tenor for 
it and I got a gallon of Rum from Mattli'^' Little on Credet and }4 £ of Tea 
from Gilhnor on Credet and a peck of peas from Clogstou on Credit 

11"' proved a rainy day and we had some Wool broke by some of the 
Girls in the neighboiu'hood 

13"! Mr Triie preached in Bedford in the forenoon from the 14"' of John 
and 22'' Verse and in the afternoon from the 15"' of the Acts and 9"' Verse 

17"' I finished carting in my hay at hOme and had 66 cocks this year at 
home and I borrowed 2 bushell of rie from my bror Sam" 

18"' I went to Capt Chamberlins mill and got the 2 bushell of rie I bor- 
rowed from my bror Samuel ground and I had the Toal 

20"' I went to London : derry and heard Mr Maegregore in the forenoon 
Lecture on the 1"' Chapter of John from the 6"' Verse to the 14"' verse and 



MATTHEW PATTEX'S DIAEY. 99 

heard Mr Kinkeaii in the afternoon preach from 12*'* verse of the 116 
Psalm and came home that Evening 

21^' I workt at the Little meadow 

22^ I Joynted My Brors Sydar press and pulled some hemp for seed at 
Clogstons and I Idlled a pig that weighed ahnost £ 9 and writ a deed from 
Robert Davidson to John Taggart and took the acknowledgement of it and 
of a deed from Taggart to him and charged £ 3 old Tenor and reed the 
money 

35"* I got a barrel of cydar from my brother Sam'' 

26"' Andi-ew Rhody made 3 hind feet shoes and steeled the toes of the 
fore shoes and set them on my Mare and charged 3-13-0 and a Catch for 
my bench and charged 8V 

21^^ I heard Mr Payson preach in Merrymac in the forenoon from the 
33*1 of Matth and 29"* Verse and in the afternoon from the 7"* of first 
Samuell and S"^ verse 

28"* I got 3^^ of Tea from Rob' Gillmor on Credit and 1£ of shugar from 
James Walker and paid it and Writ an Deed from George Cuningham to 
James Mathies and one frm Mathies to Cuningham and Charged 4 £ and 
reed the money 

29"* I butchered a Ewe weighed 47 £ 

SO*^"* I began to set up of the Division fence between Benj** Smith and I 
at the Little meadow and my wife got a bushell of rie ground at Cap^ 
Chamberlins mill 

OCTOBER FIRST 

I carried Jean Macmurphy to London : Derry as far as William Bettys 

3'' I went in the morning to James Houston and got a shoe on my Mares 
Lame foot and I went to Hails town and Veiwed a lott of Col Atkinsons 
for Mr Emerson and returned home in the night it rained as I came home 
so much that it wet me through my great and straight coat and Jacoat 

5"* Jonathan Cliamberlin brot me twelve bushells of salt from Haverhill 
of Lieut Oliver Peabodys he charged 15 £ old Tenor for Carting it to Goffes 
ferry and lOV Mass old Tenor for the Hoggshead to put it in I had my 
brors 4 oxen and got it home the salt came without an order and I gave 
Chamberlin from under my hand to pay mr Peabody for the salt 

6"* I workt at the Little meadow and settled the Differance between 
Benj** Smith and I 

7"* I went to Goffes mill and got a bushell of rie ground and pd Madni 
Goffe 16"/ for my ferriage and a jill of Rum I had when I brot over my 
salt and pd Mrs Smith 5V that she overpaid me when she had }4 ^ bushell 
of salt from me on the 5th Instant and I got 4 barrels of Cyder from my 
bror Samuel 

8"* I had my brors Samuels young oxen and I carted 655 feet of boards 
to my place between and New Boston I went away the siui about an hoiu- 
high and got home between 6 and 8 a Clock 

9"* I got 3 barrels of Cyder from my bror Samuell one of them was 
Clear the other Water Cyder 

10"* I finished makeing the Division fence between Benj" Smith and I 
and sowed about }4 the lott no 60 in the Little meadow 

L.cf:. 



100 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

12^'^ I gave William Nutt a prize wart for a 2 year old Heifer he pouuded 
this morning and A\Tit 5 advertisements for her and reed £ 625 old Tenor 
and £ 30 of the Intrest and there remains £ 22 yet for which he gave 
a note on Demand and I pd James Lyon £ 5 for 2 piggs I had of him last 
spring and 25/ towards the Oloath he is weaving for us and paid a Note 
of £ 21 which I borrowed the 6th of March 1759 and its Intrest Amounting 
in the wole to £ 28-10-0 

IS**^ I got a bushell of rie ground at Cap' Chainberlins mill and I let 
John Clogston have a bushell of salt by his Daughter Betty and went in 
the aternoon to James Caldwells and Divided his land in Equal halves 
and paid him off for £ T'^o of wool that my wife got from him last summer 
40/ I gave him before he went to Rhod Island and £ 3 he alowed me for 
my service and 6-5-0 I pd him this day in cash which pid off the wooll 
and John Bell Jtiur got a bushell of salt 

14"> I gave Lieut Moor a prize wart for a steer he pounded the 12th 
Instant and I went with Sam^i Patterson and run the Lines round his 
Laud and paid him for what salmon I had more than him last year while 
we were partners 

15"^ was the Fast preparatory for the Sacrement in Bedford 

16*'^ I pd Matthew Little what I owed him being 10-2-4 all but 10 pence 
and I got X o^ ^ pound of Tea of Mrs Gillmore unpd and I swore the 
prisers of the steer Lieut Moor pounded on the 12th Instant and taxed the 
bill of Costs and Sent 1-5-0 by James Houston to William Blair of New 
Boston for a Butter tubb I had of him last Winter the price was 1-4-0 and 
finished Somng the Grass seed on the Lott in the Little meadow 

17th I got 2 bushell of rie ground at Cap* Ohamberlins mill and I had 
the Toal 

IS*'^ I went to Mr Macgregores Meeting and heard him preach but did 
not hear the text and heard Mr Sherburn in the Evening from 

19* I set oiit for Portsmouth and arived there in the Evening in 
Company with Rob' MacMurphy 

24"* I arived home again while I was at Portsmouth I obtained a right 
of Land in Stonington for which I pd 25 £ old Tenor 

26"^ Settled Accts with Gauin Riddel and I owed him £ 8 old Tenor and 
lie owed me 5 pound weight of shingle nails 

27''* I carried 4 bushell rie to Goffes mill and got 2 of it gTound and 
I had the toal for pay and Left the other 2 there 

28'!^ Gauin Riddell got a Irashel of Salt from me a £ 6 and I went to 
Londonderry fair 

29'^^ I acknowledged 2 deeds one for Rob' MacClure & the other for 
Eben'' Costou unpd and I reed £ 15 from John Barnet Junr for surveying 
a peice of Meadow on Chohas and Deeds of the same and I reed £ 9 from 
Mr Stephen Emerson of Hampsted for Veiwing a lot of Col Atkinsons 
where hails towns old mills stood on the 2d Instant 

30"> I had my bridle and the of stirrups off my saddle Stole in the Fair 
and some Starch cut off my saddle baggs and I bargained for an Ox from 
Rob' MacMurphy for 120 £ 

3P' I came home again 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 101 

NOVEMBER 2cl 

I attended att session in Bedford as an Evidence in Richard MacAlles- 
ters and James Littles case and I reed 2-10-0 old Tenor from John Bell 
Jun'^ and there fell a snow which was the first this year 

3'i I helped my Bror to butcher a Cow and I sold 2 rights and % in the 
Common in Goffes town to Jonathan Martaiu for his Wages as a Chain- 
man in the year 1750 a planing Conneticutt and great shiigar rivers 
pr the Governors order 

4th I veudned James Houstons place for him it went off at 1120 pound 
old Tenor to Joseph Scobey and his % right in the Sceeu at Litchfield to 
Joseph Brown for 60^ O : T : and his Grindstone Crank and frame to 
Rob* Morrial for 18 £ & I got a sermon of Mr Ralp Erskine from Hugh 
Mclnuish and did not pay for it and I pd Rob' Walker 4 £ old Tenor for 
2 piggs I had of him this Slimmer 

6'*^ I was taken unwell and continued so until the 9th 

9"^ Margaret Wallace came to our house to spin for a week and I went 
and 2 bushell of rie ground at Goftes mills and I had the toal and I paid 
20 Shillings old Tenor for it and the toal of 2 bushell I had ground there 
the 17th of last month 

10* the night before and this morning fell a little snow and some rain 
and I got a bushell of corn from Clogston 

11"^ I and Jonas went and got 9 bushell of Potatoes from Tho'' Boies 
there was 2^2 of the New Sort and I gave him 12-10-0 old Tenor toward 
them and I Writ a Deed for James Linn to Nathaniel Robinson to be 
toward Weaveing the price 20/ 

12*'^ I set out about sunset foi Dunstable & Lodged at William Pattens 

13"^ I went to Dunstable and got \% bushel of Corn frm John Clogston 
and gave him 12-10-0 old Tenor and came and lodged at James Mathies 

14th I gQ^ tiie Bushel and half ground at Cap' Chamberlins and I had 
the toal and came home 

15"> I went to Mr Macgregores meeting in Londonderry and heard him 
Lecture in the forenoon from the beginning of the 3d Chap of St John 
and preach in the afternoon from 

16"^ I got a new shoe for my mares fore foot from John Liveingston and 
pd him 25/ for it and I got a new bridle from William Aeyers and pd him 
5-10-0 for it and I went and Lodged at Major Tolfords 

17th I got a side of sole Lether from Mr John Roby that he Tanned for 
me the Tanning came to 14-3-0 and I pd him 15-12-6 and got no change 
and I got an ox from Rob"- Macmurphy at 120 £ and I pd him 31-5-0 and 
gave him a note on Doctor Mooers of 22 £ and got a pound of snuff from 
Rob' Macneill and pd 2-8-0 for it and came home in the Evening 

20"' Richard MacAllester and my bror helped me to butcher the Ox 
I had of my brother in Law he weighed 505 pound of beaf and 85 of a 
hide and 19 £ of Tallow and I drawed an acct for Benj" Stevens and 
swore him to it he promised to send me a bushell of Turnips to Lieut 
Moors 

2let I Writ and acknowledged a power of attorney for Tho" Mathies 



102 



MATTHEW PATTEN S DIAEY. 



charged 30/ tinprl aud another for Beuj Stevens he brought me y^ a 
bushell of turnips aud there remains of the acct and power due to me 
45/ old Tenor unpd 

23'! I got 2% bushell of Potatoes from Deacon William Moors Wife and 
pd aud I Vendued Garret Rowans place of New Boston it was struck off 
to John Bell Junr for 970 pound 

25t'i I went to Deacon William Moors and paid his Wife 3 £ old Tenor 
for a bushell and half of the Potatoes and left 2-5-0 with his Wife for him 
for another bushel and Swore Jas Underwood and William Read to the 
apprisement of Tlio** Bixbys Estate and reed 1-5-0 and the night following 
I ^vrit 2 deeds one from Samuel Richards to Ebenezar Hacket to Richards 
I reed 3-2-6 from Richards for his part and Hacketsis yet due 

26"^ I gave William Alld a Notification to Cap' James Rodgers to hear 
some affidavits taken the 27th 

27"' I went to David Burns and Divided his place and writ a Deed from 
him to his son aud Acknowledged it and Acknowledged a deed from his 
son to him and Charged him a dollar and came to William Allds and ^^Tit 
5 Depositions for him in his Case mth Major Rodgers and I tarried all 
night at his house and reed 3-2-6 for my pains 

28"' I run Lines for Joseph Scobey my charge is 5 pounds it is unpaid 

30"' I run lines for Jas Patterson about ^o t^ie day and I reed an order 
from Leonard Harriman on John Goffe for 6 £ old Tenor on Obidiah 
Haws acet and Hannah Davis came to oiu* house to spinn 

DECEMBER 

P* there fell a snow about 5 or 6 inches Deep and I got a bushell of 
Corn from Sam^ Patterson for recording his Deed from James Walker to 
him and I got it Ground and a bushel of Rie at Coll Goffes mill 

3*1 was the General Thanksgiveing and in the evening I got lOi.j yds of 
Worsted and Wool Cloath that James Lyon Wove for us at 10/ pr yd the 
peice of Cloath he wove for us this fall was 15/ pr yd Weaveing 

4"^ I sett out for Mr Rob' Calfs with the 2 peices of Cloath that Lyon 
wove for us the first peice measured ahnost 16 yds pr Calfs Measure to be 
Dressed and Delivered it this Evening and went and Lodged at John 
Pattens 

5*'' I came home again 

7*^ I spent the day a following a Bears tract and I got a pound of Butter 
from Hugh Riddels wife a 14/ not paid and I took off 12 sticks of slit 
work and 2 iilank for Cart fellows that Joseph Houston sawed for me he 
spoiled 4 plank and 1 logg for slit work that I did not take and I drawed 
a eompt and wart for Lydia Mxu'doiigh against Charles Black 

S''^ was the tryal between Lydia & Charles he was adjudged to pay 
coasts and be bound to his Good beheavour 

10* I went to Merrymac and carried a bushel of Rie with me and I got 
3 bushell of Corn from James Mathies unpd aud I got H £ of tea & % £ 
of Powder & i^ £ of Jenger from Mrs Lutwickie and pd her for them and 
I pd her ^o ^ Crown Silver money I owed since the time I got a pair of 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 103 

Wool Cards and I got the grain Ground at Capt Chamberlins and I had 
the Toal 

11"' I writ a Deed from James Caldwell to his son James 

16"^ James Houston set 4 shoes on my Mare and Steeled two of them at 
heels and toes and charged 40/ old Tenor 

19"i I borrowed a bushel of Indian Corn from Sam^i Patterson and 
Hannah Davis went home who had been here near 4 weeks in all this fall 
we pd her off before she went away she was at 45/ old Tenor pr week 

31st J went to James Mathies and I got 2 biishell of Indian Corn from 
him and I got it Ground at Col Goffes Mill 

22'^i I gave William AUd a Writ against Andrew Bixby to be tryed the 
4th of January Next 

2ii^ I Cutt 2 Loggs and Carried them to Lieut Goffes saw Mill 

38'" I got 2}i bushell of my own Rie ground at Col Goffes Mill 

29"' I went to Eben'' Hackets to Measure some Laud for him that he 
sold to Ensign Richards and Mr Eaton and tarried at Joseph Kennedys 
all night 

89* I got 2 bushell of turnips from Joseph Kennedy tht he gave me and 
1 }.2 bushell from Daniel McKinuey for his Heifers going with my Cattle in 
my field last fall and came home 

31*' Gave John Blair of new Boston a Writ against Tho** Willson of 
New Boston for Trespass and 3 Summons Charged 6 £ unpd 

JANUARY FIRST 1762 

settled with Mr Ingales and took a note for 20 and i.< of a Dollar with 
Intrest till paid I reed 13 bushell of Salt out of it 1 bushell of it I had from 
Mr Ingales him self at my house price 40/ Mass O : T : and 12 bushel of 
Mr Peabodys but has not had an Acct from him whether he will alow it 

2'' I got 6 Jo bushell of Corn from Sam'^ Patterson by the way of borrow- 
ing and got it ground at Col Goffes Mill and got }4 ^ bushell of Toal from 
Lieut Smith and gave him 8 £ old Tenor and got no change 

8<i Mr Houston was Way from home 

4* I carried some Woolen yarn to William Nutt to be Wove 

9"' I got 2 bushell of Indian corn from Sam'i Patterson 

12"' I went to Mr Calfs and got 8 yds of Dressed Cloath and he charged 
6/* per yd old Tenor and I pd him an 15/ over towards a peice he is a 
dressing for my own wear and came and Lodged at my bro in Laws 

13"' William Nutt brot home 6)2 yds of cloath that he made of the yarn 

1 carried to him the 4th Instant and I came home again 

14"' Jas Houston made rings and staples for to draw a Slea with and 2 
Grips and charged 20V old tenor 

17th ]y[j. 'Wilkins preached in Bedford Meeting house from the 19"' verse 
of the T'h Chapter of St Johns Gospel 

19"' I went to Mr Lutw^^ckes and got 13-10-6 worth from him on Credit 
and I paid Joseph Farmer 3 £ old Tenor being what I owed him toward 

2 bushell of Corn I had from him last year the rest was pd in ANi-itings & 
2 acknowledgements 

20"' I bvitchered 3 spring pigs 



104 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

21''' I went to my new place 

22^^ I erected a Sliede to put hay iu aud weut to Deacon Cochraus and 
Lodged all night and my wife got 4 bushell of Rie from John Clogston 

23*1 I got a tub of And part of a pail full of butter from James Hunter 
and paid his wife 5 peistereens and 14 £ in paper money old Tenr and 
came home iu the Evening What butter was in the pail weighed 11 32 £ 
the pail weighed 0% & the Tub and butter Weighed 43 £ the Tub 
weighed 1% £ The butter weighed 35 14 £ the whole butter weighed 46% 
£ amounting in the whole at 4V pr £ Mass old -Tenor comes to 24 £ 18*/ 
8'* New Hanip'' old Tenor & there is yet due to Hunter for the Butter 
4-18-8 old Tenor 

25"^ I got the 4 bushell of Rie that my wife got from Clogston last week 
ground and I writ a Deed from Col : Goffe to Anthony Emery and a 
Mortge from him to Goffe again and five Notes and Charged Emery £5 
but he did not pay Col : pd 20V 

26 Benj" Smith paid me for the Damage he did me last summer iu my 
Meadow and I Let him have my oxen to day to help pay what help I had 
of his oxen last Winter drawing Fenceing Stuff to my Meadow and James 
Kennedy set a shoe on my Mares Lame foot for which I paid him 6V old 
Tenor 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM JANUARY 26, 1762 

27"^ I went to Litchfield and got 2 bushell of Rie from Widow Bixby 
and pd her 10 £ for it and pd her 4 £ for James Underwood being of the 
money I reed from Hugh Gilles for him there remains due to him of what 
I reed 6V old Tenor and I came by Col Goffes and got the 2 bushell of Rie 
Ground into Meal when I was at mill on the 25th Instant I had the Toal 
of 4 bushell that I had then Ground which pd the Change 3 £ I pd Lieut 
Smith on the 2d Instant and 5'^ ' over & I pd him 4^' of it this day 

28"' I paid Robert Smith 24V old Tenor and 16V hy 4 Squares of sashes 
being what I owed him for Shoemaker work 

29t»' I Cutt wood 

30"' I attended a town meeting It was a Cold Windy day and Lucey 
Barron went home who had been here almost 5 weeks she reed }o £ of 
whalebone a 3-10-0 and a pound of butter IIV and a Quart of Molasses a 
16V and for what work she has done for us I owe her 6 £ old Tenor yet 

31st ]\j;p Houston was iu Derry field 

FEBRUARY FIRST 

I Qualified Lieiit John Moor a Collector of town and Ministers Rates 

2'^ I \vrit a deed from Lieut Little to John McKinney 

3d 4th & 5th I Hailed 1008 feet of Boards to the Crotch at New Boston 
and McDoles path and I brot home 6 Rail Cu.tts 

6"^ I was called to act as a justice in the Case of Bastardy between Mar- 
garet Dayel Compt and John Clogston Respt They agreed the affair My 
Charge was 12 £ old Tenor I took his word for the Money & I lent him 12 
£ in Chash 

8"" I mended my Slea that Anthony Emery Broke when he had it at 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 105 

Andover last week my Charge is 40V a,ud I took John Thoinass Deposition 
concerning- Lieut moors son Daniel & John Jacobs and was on their settle- 
ment until two or three a Clock in the morning 

9*'> I got home 3 Rail Cutts and I got Ifo J(^ of Checkquered Linnen 
cloath from Hannah Baruet and pd her for it being 3:8:0 old Tenor 

12"^ I borrowed 6 Dollars from John MacAllester and gave him a note 
on Demand mth Intrest untill paid 

13^'^ I pd my Rates to the town and Minister by a 20 pound order to 
Lieut Moor and reed the change being 3 : 16 : 

15"^ I went to Litchfield and had Mr. Clogston horse and I got 2 busliell 
of Rie and one half bushell of barley from him and carried the Rie to 
Golfes mill and Lodged at Quigs 

16"' Mrs Gibson gave me half a bushell of Winter "Wheat and I came 
home and brought the Wheat to Goffes mill and left it and brot the Rie 
Meal home and Drawed 2 Captions for Robert Walker of Merrymac unpd 
and gave Tho^ Murdough a Summons for 2 Evidences and a Notification 
to James Mathies to hear some afiidavits taken at James Walkers on next 
Monday & got }-^ a pound of tea of Madame Lutwychie on Credit 

17"' I drawed 2 Writs and Summonses for Robert Walker on the accts 
he gave me yesterday to be tried on the 6th of next march and Drawed a 
Compt for Lieut Moor against John Jacobs Directed to Col Goffe 

18"' I assisted the Selectmen on Examining James Little on his Consta- 
bleship and Matthew Little on his Collectsorhip charged 4 £ unpd 

19"* I attended as an Evidence in Lieut Moors case 'with John Jacobs 

20"^ I di-awed 2 Writs one for Tho^ Russ against Tho" Campbell Junior 
of London : derry and one for Captain Parker against George Burroughs 
of London : derry to be Tried the 8th of next March and Sleded home 
6 Rail Cutts from the top of the hill above Linns old place and in the 
Evening I writ a letter for ]Mrs Clogston to her Bror John and another to 
Andi-ew Walker for Deacon Cochrane and I sent 14V old Tenor to Mrs 
Riddel by her son William for a pound of butter I had off her last faiill 

On the 15th John MacLaughlin of New Boston brot me a % bushell of 
Barley unpd 

22 I attended at James Walkers and took 4 Depositions for Tho^ Mur- 
dough against James Mathies to improve at next Inferiour Court And I 
settled with Tlio** Campbell for the Writ I Drawed against him for Tho* 
Russ and took his Note for my fee being £ 6 on Demand and took a Note 
for William Carr for his fee in his own Name being 6 £ 

23<i I cutt wood and Jonas Sleded 

24"^ I attended in the afternoon at Col Golfes in Lieut John Moors case 
with John Jacobs his case was Quashed by reason that Moor had no 
Addition 

26"' I went to Merrymac on James Mathies and Murdoughs Case and 
tarried all night at Widow Murdoiighs 

2T'h was on the same bussuess and reed £6 old Ten'r from Thomas 
Murdough toward my pay 



106 



MATTHEW PATTEN S DIARY, 



MARCH 4th 



I borrowed a bushell of Com from John Mat'Laii,y:liliu Junior and John 
Dinsmore came to make slioes at my house 

5"' I had John MacLaughhn Jun" horse and sent Jonas to Capt Cham- 
berhns mill and borrowed 2 bushells of Rie from my bror Sam" and he 
got it and the bushell I had from John MacLaughlin ground into Meal 
and I had not the Toal as meal and I attended a Meeting of the town of 
Amlierst and Bedford at Bedford meeting house to chiise a Representitive 
I was chose Moderator by a unanimous choice and Col Goffe was chose 
Representitive by 46 votes and Capt Barron had 13 

()••' I had a Court at James Walkers Rob* Walker of Merrymac was 
plant and Tho" Walker of London : derry was deft the deft sent Capt 
Humphry to appear for him biit he was called John Humphry but had no 
addition I judged it not Good for he was Gent and the Deft was Defaulted 

8"' I settled my accts of Goffes town services all but 4}£ days surveying 
in ye year 1753 when Col Blanchard had a lott laid out and Jonathan 
Martains right was laid out my bill exclusive of them 4)^ days was 
3085 £ out of which I had reed 110 £ The balance due to me was 2585 £ for 
which I reed an order from the commitee on the Treasurer 

n"i I had James Walkers mare 'and set out in company with him and 
James Karr for Hampstead and Lodged at Stephen Nights my expenses 
was 3-15-0 

10"' I came to Major Tolfords and went to Mr John Robys and got a 
side of upper Leather he tanned and Curled the Hide and he took the half 
I got 2 skins that he chtirged 3-17-0 O : T : for the 2 skins and I settled 
for them and a hide of upper Leather I had from him Last Novbr of 
11-15-0 price and pd him 14-2-6 and 1-9-6 I pd him for this when I got 
it made 15-12-0 being the whole of what I owed him 

11"' I was at Major Tolfords all day and we Viz the Heirs of My father 
in Law sold our Right in Beningtowu to James Breakinridge for 80 
Dollars and Samson Moor gave his note for the money I lodged at my 
Mother in laws and Jean Tolf(^rd gave us 2 Chei'S and some other things 

12"i I came home again 

14*'' Mr Houston was in Merrymac 

15"' John Dinsmoor finished makeing & mending shoes he made a pair 
for me and 2 pair for my wife and one pah- for my mother and a pan* for 
David mine was 40V aiid ye womens was 36V pr pan- Davids was 15V and 
the mending was 3 £ I pd him 6-5-0 and 2-10-0 by sole leather for a pah- 
of shoes and I owe him 2-8-0 yet 

16"' I had Matthew Littles horse and James Patterson and his horse 
and we went to the Near meadow and we got about ^4 a Mile and broke 
one side of the slea down and was obliged to leave our Load all but 4 
bundles We bound iip and carried home on the horses backs and I strained 
my right Knee so that I was in much pain with it and was not able to 
make any help to Move with it my wife anointed it with some ointment 
my mother made and some Oyl of turpintiue and it got easyer by 
morning 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 107 

IT"' I workt at niakeiiig of a slea but was not very well all day and I 
borrowed John MacLaughliiis horse and my wife went to her bror 
Alexanders to see his son John who was Very 111 there was no life 
Expected for him 

IS"' finislied niakeing my slea and my "Wife came home 

19"' I tackled my oxen single like horses and went and brot home the 
hay that I left on the broken slea on the 16th 

20"^ I drove out to the near Meadow and brot home the remainder of 
the Stack bottom that W"' Barnett and I had together 

2P' was a Snowy Day throughout 

22'' James Houston made me 4 steples 2 rings and 2 links for tackMng 
my Oxen single of his Iron and charged me 3 £ old Tenor 

23'' I made 2 single yolks for my oxen and fitted them for Drawing like 
Horses & I gave John Davis 20V and he brot me more than i., a bushell 
of turnips 

24"' I* drove to the near meadow and brot home a Jag of hay in the 
Evening it snowed about 2 or 3 inches deep 

25"' I borrowed 2 Dollars and 2 pistereens from John Bell Junr and Set 
out for Haverhill and Went to John Moors in Cannada and turned and 
went no farther and I reed a Dollar from Eben Hacket 

2G"' I put new slats in my Slea and I sent John Bell Jun'' 2 Dollars and 
his 2 pistereens to him by his bror Jas 

27"' I brot home another Jag of hay and Capt Blair brot us a parel of 
Potatoes 

29"^ I borrowed 1% bushell of Indian corn from Gan Riddell and had 
his mare to take it to mill but did not get it Ground for Col Goffes mill 
Dam was broke 

30"' I sent Jonas to Capt Chamberlin with the 1% bushell of Corn that 
I had yesterday from Gan Riddell with his mare and I had the toal and 
I got by Jonas ig £ of tea and ^o £ of shugar from Mr Lut^\'ycke on 
Credit 

3P' I went to Near meadow and got a Jag of hay and attended the 
annual Meeting and was chose Clerk and surveyor of Lumber and 
Commissioner for assessment 

APRIL 2d 

I went to the Near meadow and brot a jag of Hay as far as William 
Barnets it proved a Very stormy day of Rain and Snow by turns 

3'' Jonas went and brot the Jag of hay home that I left yesterday at 
William Barnets 
4"' I went to London derry and hear Mr MacGregore preach 
5"' I had Rob* Macmurphys Mare and went to Haverhill and Signed 
a Bond to the Massachusetts Treasurer to the performance of the Duty 
on a tract of Land below Penobscutt River in which I am a Grantee and 
Lodged at Mr James Duncans 
6"' Came to London : derry and Lodged at Lieut Duncans 
7"' I came home and in my waj' I bot a pound of Brimstone at Mert 
W'" Duncans and pd 16/ old Tenor for it 



108 MATTHEW PATTEX'S DIARY. 

8^^ I spent the day in takeiug the Invoice on the River range which I 
eompleated Except Capt Barron Clogston and Matthew Little 

9'h oiu- March meeting was held by adjonxnment and I was chose one of 
a Comniitee to bnild the Pulpit Avith John Wallace and Hngh Riddell and 
was Qualified by Col Goffe as Surveyor of Lumber 

10"' I borrowed 2 bushell of Indian Corn from Lieut Moor and had 
Gilniors horse and Jonas Carried it to Col Goffes Mill and got it Ground 
and I spent about Kj a day takeing and Casting iip the Invoice 

13'h I di-awed a Compt and Wart for Caleb Jones against Rachel Hutch- 
inson Wife to Capt Hutchinson there was 10 supeneas the Cost 9-6-8 old 
Tenor not pd 

IS"" I spent the afternoon in takeing the Invoice from William Holms 
along to Voces and round as far as Deacon Walkers 

14"' I spent the whole of the day a takeing the Invoice from Gan 
Riddells by Morrials Jos Tho** MacClearys and the whole of the south end 
of the town up as far as MacDuffeys ending at James Mathies 

16'h I split pine wood at the House 

20"^ I borrowed a bushell of Indian corn from Will'" Barnet and had his 
Mare to Goffes mill -with it and I went out to my new place and fenced 
up my hay and raked the ground round my HaA^il and I took William 
Holms and Tho^ Boies Invoice 

2pt Jonas got William Thompsons horse and took 2 bushell of Rie to 
Goffes mill that I borrowed from my bror SamiTell and went to James 
Walkers and vn:it a Deed from Rob' Mathies to James Karr and charged 
40/ & he paid the money and 40/ towards recording his Deed from me 
to him 

22'' I went to the Raising of Lieut Moors baru and Yendued James Ken- 
nedy place in the Evening 

23<' I AVTit a Deed from James Kennedy to John Goffe of his place at 
300 £ old Tenor Goffe owes me 20/ O: T: 

25"' Mr Houston was absent from Bedford 

28"* was the Provincial Fast 

29"' I went to make a canuoe for James Patterson but Col Goffe sent a 
line to my by John Seconib to go to his house to ^vl■it a deed from Widow 
Rand to him which I did and Mrs Rand pd me 20/ 

80"' I made 2 oars and 2 padles for Mr Molton & Mr Johnson and John- 
son pd me 3-2-6 for them and I went in the afternoon and I pitched John 
Goli'es Cannoe for James Patterson to take down the River and I filled a 
writ for Samuell Patten against Robert Gillmor of Merrymac 

MAY FIRST 

I filled another %\Tir for Samuell Patten against Rob' Gillmor and one for 
him against Ensign Usher and one against Moses Gile 

2'i IVIi- Houston was absent from Bedford 

3'' I got James Lyons Mare and 3 Dollars from my bror Samuell and Set 
out for Haverhill and lodged at James Willsons 

4"' I DeUvered a Cowhide and 2 calf skins to John Robvsonat his house 



MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 109 

in Chester aucl went to Haverhill and got 4 bushell of Indian corn and pd 
6-12-0 Mass old Tenor for it and came to my Mother in laws 

5*'! Rob' MacMurphy ground it and took no Toal and John Livingstone 
set a shoe and I pd him 6/ for it and I came home and I had my near Ox 
miied in the upper end of my meadow he could not stand when he was 
got out 

6^^ I spent the day in working with the ox and my off ox mired in 
Chandlers field and lay in all night and I got a Quart of rum from Matthew 
Little on Credit 

7"' we found the off ox and got him drawed out of the mire by Samuell 
Patten Samuell and Nathaniel Patterson and he traviled up to my brors 
barn but could not stand afterward and my bror yocked his oxen and 
drawed home my near ox who could not stand and I got }4 a peck of small 
Ears of Corn from William Barnett and a little armful of hay from Matth* 
Little to give them and I went home -with Tho" Halls fly net and I pd 
Samuell Patterson a bushell of meal weighing £ 55 ^ 2 

8"^ I found that my off ox ^ad put his off hip out of Joynt and I got him 
haulled home by my brors oxen to my barn and my bror and his Wife and 
Mr Sullivan helped me to trist them up in the Barn so as to stand on their 
feet and I sent Jonas to Deacon Gillmors and got 3 bundles of Stalks and 
I went to Mr MacDuffees and got about 28 £ of hay but he would not 
Weigh it but I did after I came home 

10"^ I was at Col Goffes at Where was to be several Courts for Debt biit 
they agreed 

11th J gQ^, a hundred of hay from Matthew MacDuffee he would not make 
a Charge of it and I Drawed out Tho** Smiths acct and sent it to him by 
Tho'' Kennedy and the Deed he lodged with me of his place to his Sons for 
which he sent a writeu order and Kennedy signed a receipt 

12'h I filled a Court Writ for Capt Martain against Parish Richardson on 
a note of 35 £ old Tenor not pd 

13"^ I filled a Writ for Hugh Miller against William Rogers and Arthur 
Archibald pr Desire of Capt Abbott and he pd me 6-5-0 there was two 
summons 

14"' We planted some potatoes in the garden Beans and some Turky 
wheat we have 117 hills of the new sort of potatoes in the Garden and I 
went to Naniskeeg and got in at the setting place for % a Share and Mrs 
Hall gave me abowt the third of a Salmon that woiild Weigh I supix)se 14 £ 
and I came to the Seen at Piscataquog and I bot 3 shad for 9V from them 

15"* I got 10 Quarts of seed Corn from James Walker he would not take 
anything for it 

17"* I pd Jos Bell 5-1-0 toward what Shoes he made for me last Winter 
and Jonas Went and fished at the setting place and got 5 shad and I went 
to the falls and Tho** Karr gave me 5 

18"* I went to the Falls and tarried there untill the 22'^ at night and I 
sent home 343 shad and I sold 44 at 3V apeice 

23*^ my off ox died who put out his other Hip about the middle of last 
week he was not able to use his limbs 

24"* I skinned my ox whose hide Weighed £ an 1 the remainder of the 



110 MATTHEW 1'ATTEN'S DIARY. 

clay I spent in planing at London derrys proprs and Jonathan Chamber- 
lins Controverted Land 

25"! I finished the plan and went in the afternoon to Col Goffes and 
attested it and went to Anioskeeg in the Evening 

3(5"^ Deacon Robert Walker and I fished together and Catched 230 Shad 
he wanted none of them and I sent to Jonas and he came and took home 
120 of them with the old Mare on Samnell Pattersons Trucks 

27"^ Jonas was late in coming and I let John Thomas have 30 Shad and 
Capt Minot and David Burns have 80 Capt Miuot paying all but 4/ old 
Tenor and David Burns All but 14/8 old Tenor and I came home and got 
Gauin Riddells mare and a Johanna of 8 Dollars and set out for Haverhill 
and lodged at my mother in Laws 

28"^ I got 12 bushell of corn from Mrs Duncan and paid her the Johanna 
I borrowed from her bror and a Dollar and 3/ of my own I left 6 Bushell 
there and 4 I brot and 2 that Deacon William Moor brot for which I am to 
bring him 2 again and came and Lodged at John Moors in Cannada 

29t'i I gQ^, i^ ground at Col Goffes mill and I had the Toal of 4 busliell for 
which I pd 24/ and I pd Samuell Moor % a bushell of Corn that Jonathan 
Chamberlin borrowed for me on the 24th Instant 

31^*' I pd Samuell Patterson a bushell of Meal and I went to Anioskeeg 
biit Got only 1 shad and I paid Lieut Hall 2DV he lent me one morning to 
get a Gallon of Cydar from Mr Russ and Mr Houston brot a letter signed 
by himself to have me come on Thursday next to confer concerning the 
reasons of my absenting from communion 

JUNE FIRST 

I Writ him an answer 

2'' I went to Amoskeig falls and got 15 Shad 

3'i I got 49 shad 

4"i I got 60 shad and 2 salmon one I throwed into the company the other 
Robert Macmurphy had & I pd Mr Russ my fishing expenses and James 
Duncan came to see me concerning my going to the Eastward to survey 

5"> I got 40 shad and I paid Tho** Hall my fishing Expenses I got home 
this week 49 shad and 2 halves of Salmon the rest of the shad I sold and I 
sold 22 Shad to James Aiken of Chester a 2"/ apeice and he would not 
pay me 

8"i I had Hugh Riddells horse and set out for Haverhill and Lodged at 
my Mother in Laws 

9*'^ I Delivered my ox hide to John Roby it weighed 45 £ and I went to 
Haverhill and I got 11% bushell and a half of corn Measured up and I am 
to have it on condition that I go to the Eastward to survey and I brot 4 
bushell away and Lodged at my mother in Laws 

10''^ I came home and I brot 12 £ of Rice for Mrs Riddell from Mrs 
McHard 

11"^ I went to Amoskeig and I catched a Salmon of lUo £ 

12"^ I got 10 shad and came home and pd Samuell Patterson a bushell of 
Meal and I went to Litchfield to try to get Capt Parkers fly net but did not 
get it for he was not at home 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. Ill 

13"^ I weut to Londonderry to Mr MacGregores Meeting and came home 
in the Evening 

14th I went to Tho"* Halls to get his fly net but did not get it 

15"! I attended at the Meeting house in Bedford in order to answer to Mr 
Hoiiston at the Pi-esbetry previous to "Which Mr MacGregore preached a 
sermon from the 2d Chapter of 2d Corinthians and the latter part of the 
16th verse and the case came on about Sun set and continued untill a con- 
siderable of a Caudle was bm-ut in the Evening and then the Presbetry 
adjourned to the Next morning 

16"' I attended again at the meeting house the Presbetry thought fit to 
urge a Conferance which I granted provided Mr Houston would give from 
under his hand that he Would take no advantage I offered to do the same 
to him The Presbetry had to urge him a considerable deal before he would 
give his word which he did at length and then the Conferance began aboiit 
10 of the Clock & continued untill 2 at Which time the Presy went to Din- 
ner Except Mr MacGregore who tarried and Drawed up an advice of the 
Presby to the partys when we met and heard it I refused to comply Mr 
Houston did comply after a Great deal of Disputing the Presby voted 
unanimously that Mr Houston should give in his accusation against me in 
Writing signed by his hand if he intended to have the Matter prosecuted 
any farther which he absolutely refused to do and there the affair rests at 
•present 

17'" I went to work at Amoskieg falls ^o the day with Tho« Hall Tho^ 
MacLaughlin & Samuel Richards to blow a place to fish at above the com- 
mon setting place we bored 2 Holes a little into the Rock in order to blow 
and beat off a considerable Quantity with a stone hammer I got 2 shad & 
I pd John MacLaughlin a bushell of corn I borrowed off him the 4th of last 
March 

18'" I went to work at Amoskieg I work lo the day at the place I was at 
yesterday I got the one half of a little salmon and 3 shad 

19'" I went to Amosldeg to Russes and I was accepted into a Company 
that had Made a place to set fish on above the Pulpitt we signed articles 
how to improve the same 

2^' James Houston sett 2 shoes on my mares fore feet he charged 12 V 
and I attended on the Selectmen the afternoon I designed tp charge 3 £ 
old Tenor I drawed 3 Warts for three of the Surveyors of highways and 
went with my compass to help them to lay out a road from the river road 
to that which goes from my house to the Meeting hoiise and I drawed the 
retiu'ii 

22'i I went to Tho" Shirleys and Alex' Kellihers to barn raisings and I 
got 161 Cabage and 55 French turnips plants from Tho** Shirley 

2'M I got two salmon that weighed 203.4 that we catched the night before 
a setting the Net pattersons must have 2 among them to be equal with me 

24'" I workt at Anioskeig above the setting place all the partners was 
present my bror Sam" was Voted in at Halls in the Evening and I took a 
salmon to halls that afternoon and I catched the night before 

25'" Pattersons and I catched 2 Sa^lmon that we had 20^4 they had them 
which makes us Even 



112 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

26*'^ I workt at Amoskeig above tlie setting place 

27th ^j. MacGregore preaclied in Bedford from tlie 3G verse of the 8tli 
chapter of John 

28*'^ Sanmell Patterson and I got 2 salmon by setting that weighed 25 £ 
he had them both and I gave James Thomas a Letter that I vrrit for his 
father to John Nelson Esqr of Portsmouth and I drawed a Writ and sum- 
mons for John Bell Jiuu- against Jas Scot to be signed and Tryed by Jus- 
tice "Walker on Tuesday the 6th of July next Patterson afterwards sent my 
part of the 2 Salmon and my Wife came home from her mothers & I got 
70 or 80 cabage plant from Rob' Gillmors Junr 

29"^ Pattersons and I got a samon and I had it & I went to Amoskeig 
and I catched 1 Salmon and 2 sliad 

30"^ I butchered a Calf of om- own that weighed 32 12 £ I gave my Bror 
Samuell one fore quarter and I lent Mrs Hannah Barnett a hind quarter 

JULY FIRST 

I fell a white pine for clapboards on my lott by Linus and got the Lib- 
erty from Richard MacAUester for my pick of one tree on his lott 

2^ I spent the day in Guming wheting and Setting Bushnells old cross 
Cutt saw 

3'! I workt at makeing Rakes for John Tliomas & Pattersons and I got 2 
salmon one by setting and one by drawing I had the ^o o^ o^i© ^vithe these « 
2 we have got IS this summer I have got 5 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM JULY 3 1762 

5"> Pattersons and I got 4 salmon by setting that weighed 57 £ and one 
yesterday morning that weighed 9 £ we divided in Even shares but after- 
wards the Gave Deacon Walker one of 8 £ wt after it was split open which 
came off the whole head 

6"' was a court before Justice Walker at Tho" Halls between John Bell 
Jun'^ and James Scot I assisted Bell and Jos Scobey he pd me 3 £ for a 
days running the lines for him last fall round his place 

7"' Pattersons and I catched 4 salmon by drawing weiged 67 £ we 
equalled the salmon that Deacon Walker got and sent 2 to Tho^ Hall and 
divided so that I was not indebted to them nor they to me and I drawed a 
Recognisance bond for Justice Walker from Scot to Bell he gave me 4 £ 
for it 

gth -^^e. got 2 Salmon one by setting and one by hauling weighed 21 £ I 
had one that weighed 12 £ which is 5 pound more than my part and in 
the Evening we catched one by haulling that weighed 10 £ and I had it 

9"> I had Gauin Riddels Mare and went to Andover and Lodged at Mr 
Ingalls & I borrowed 3 Crowns in silver from my bror Samuell 

10''^ I reed 2 dollars from Mr Ingalls of his note and went to Haverhill 
and got Vo a bushell of corn from Mrs Duncan and 14 £ of rie ^2 ^11 ounce 
of nutmeg and 100 of board nails and paid her for them being 2-9-0 Mass 
O: T: and brot the 2 bushell I had there before away and 2 bushell of Dea- 
con William Moors for the 2 bushells he brought from Haverhill for me 
this summer & I came home in the Evening 



MxVTTHEW patten's DIAEY. US 

Ijih -^Y Houston was assisting Mr Mitchell at tlie Sacrament in Pem- 
broke 

12"> I got the 2i.< bushell of Corn Ground at Col Goffes and 3 pecks of 
Rie I had from John Thomas and I had the Toal and I had the Toal of 
Deacon Moors 2 bushell of Corn that I brought up and on the 9th I pd 
Samuell Moor 20V toward the toal of what I had ground there last being 
almost 3 bushells of Indian and 3 pecks of Rie 

13"' Jonas and I sawed shingle Stuff between and Linns old place 

14'^> I workt at Amoskeig above the Setting place 

15"' workt at the same place and Jonas workt about -^ of the day with 
John Bell Jun"' and Jonas tarried over night without Leave 

16"' I prepared my answer of Defence to the Citation from the Session 
to appear next Tuesday 

17"' Pattersons and I got 4 salmon at their brook 2 by setting and 2 at 
Cold brook by di-awing they weighed 66 £ I got 21 £ and our Cherry cow 
took Bull 

IS"' I went to Londonderry to Mr MacGregores Meeting and heard liini 
Lecture in the forenoon from the first 16 Verses of the 11th Chapter of St 
John and preach in the afternoon from the 

19"' Pattersons and I had 8 salmon weighing about 100 £ one of them 
was Spoiled in the Water and in the Evening we catched 3 that Weighed 
34 £ and the black cow took biiU 

20"' in the morning aboiit 1}4 lialf before day William Karr took ms 
with Samuell and James Patterson -with a Warrant taken out by John 
Goffe Concerning fishing at the Mouth of Crosbees Brook the Wart came 
out from Justice Walker we Were to meet at James Walkers at 12 of the 
Clock We agreed and Goffe paid the Costs he gave me 3-2-6 for my day the 
whole cost amounted to 90-6-6 there was about 12£/12 abated by the sher- 
rif and one of the Guard we brok up about 11 a'Clock at night we had 2 
Sabnon in our net in the morning 

21**' I mended Samuell Pattersons little Cart truck 

22'^ I set out for Corn and I had George Pearsons horse and my own 
Mare and I lodged at David Curriers at Providence 

23^1 I went to Ipswich and got 8 bushell of Corn at 32/6 per bushell and 
came to Curriers that night & I got fg of a hundred of Rice from Mrs 
Duncan 

24"' I came home 

25th ^Y Houston was in Litchfield 

26"' I got the 8 bushell of corn ground at Goffes mill and I had the Toal 
and I had George Pearsons horse to mill 

27"^ I butchered a Lamb that weighed 33 £ 

28*'' I lent George Pearsons o6j4 £ Indian Meal and I am to have the 
same weight of Rie meal for it next week and I drawed a Complaint for 
Samuell and James Patterson and myself against John Goflfe for takeing a 
salmon out of our net on the 13th Instant and went to Justice Walkers 
with it and Rid Pattersons horse & James houstou made me of my iron 
2 nibs one heel ring and 2 set of Wedges 

29"' I began to Mow at home in the afternoon 



114 MATTHEW patten's UIAEY. 

30*'^ We had a prety little rain tliat refreslit the earth cousiderable and 
I pd Samuell Patterson a bushell of meal and 2^^ £ over and I writ a let- 
ter to Mr Sullivan and I Strained my left foot just below my acle as I Sit 
Writing at the Table and was in gi-eat pain with it the night following 

3P' I lay by mth the Strain I got yesterday and I writ a letter to Alex- 
ander Orr concerning my Trapps and I pd Lieut Moor 2 bushell of Meal 
being 110 £ in the room of 2 bushell of Corn I borrowed from him the 10th 
■of last April 

AUGUST 

2^1 being Monday I went and began to Mow in the near Meadow and Mr 
Sigeones lott 

S"! I finished it and came home 

4"^ I went with Lieut Samuell Morrison to Merrymac and Settled accts 
"with James Mathies and for an order that Morrison and Capt MacNutt I 
gave him for 12 Dollars and I gave him a note for 3 Dollars or twenty 
pounds old Tenor the settlement between Mathies & I was made by the 
advice of Lieut Morrison Capt John Stark and Tho* Hall and I came home 
in the evening 

6"^ I finished Stakeing at the near meadow I had 23 Cocks in Number 
some of them were small at the near meadow 

7'^ I mowed some at home and there was an acct come that the fire had 
broke out at Daniel Moors and was like to do gi-eat mischief Jonas and I 
went as far as Strawberry Hill and met John MacLaughlin & Gan Riddell 
comeing back who gave an acct that the fire was got confined and we 
returned home again and got a Quart of rum from Matthew Little 

gth ]y[j. Houston was in Gofl'stown 

9^^ I helped George Pearson in the forenoon he mowed w^hat was ^vithin 
Chandler's fence of my grass and Cocked it and I mowed the afternoon at 
liome 

10'^ I mowed at home and about one or two of the Clock Hugh Riddell 
brought a Summons from the Session to appear at the Meeting house on 
the 23d Instant at 10 of the Clock a forenoon to answer to the charge 
exhibited on the 30th of last June by the Session 

12**^ I mowed above the croth of the brook in the Meadow at home 

13*'i I had my brors Oxen and Cart and carted in 50 cocks and I got a 
quart of rum from Matthew Little 

14tii I went away in the Evening to help put out a fire that James Barr 
set at his house yesterday I workt untill the Middle of the Night and then 
came home and got to bed about break of day 

15th being Sabathday I w^orkt at aforesaid fire 

IQih I workt at Amoskieg above the old setting place 

17*^1 Francis Baruett and Lieut Little helped me Mow in the Little 
meadow We mowed all on the west side of the brook in my lower meadow 
Exceept a Slip by Deacon Moors fence and I got a quart of rum from Mat- 
thew Little 

18^"^ was a rainy day but not a great deal of rain 

19t'> I turned hay and Mowed and raked 5 cocks at the little Meadow 
and I butchered the horned Ewe she weighed 44 £ 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 115 

20''^ was a Considerable Quantity of rain and I prepared for the trial at 
the Session to be next monday 

21** George Pearson paid me GVo £ of meal towards the SG^:^ £ he bor- 
rowed on the 28th of July last and James Caldwell and his son James 
helped me Rake hay in the Little meadow and we raked 47 cocks if we 
did not miscount 

23*' Was my brors trial and mine at the Sessions they gave no Judg- 
ment but Referred of themselves to the next Presbytery at Bedford either 
stated or jjrovenata 

25*'^ James Houston sett 2 shoes on my Mares fore feet the charge is 12V 
old Tenor and I borrowed a bushell of Rie from old John Bell 

28"^ I workt at Amoskeig falls above the setting place 

30"> George Pearsons wife paid us 39 £ of meal that he borrowed on the 
28th of last Jiily and I hunted pigeons I got 40 and shot six times 

3,1^* George Pearsons ^^^fe paid the remainder of the meal he borrowed 
the 28th of last July and I finished ^vriting 8 advertisements for Archi- 
bald MacAllester for the sale of his place and I gave John Goffe the In- 
voice of Bedford 

SEPTEMBER 

3'^ I finished momng at the Little meadow 

4''^ James Caldwell Jun'' and Wilham Wallace helped me to Stack and 
Rake hay 

5"' Mr Houston preached in Goffestown 

6*-^ I got Gawin Riddells Mare and I set out for Portsmouth and I bor- 
rowed 46 £ old Tenor from my mother 

7"^ I arrived there in the Evening 

8"' I took the oaths of a Justice 

9"^ I went to the Governor and returned him thanks and I got the Com- 
mission in the Evening and set out in Company with Lieut MacMurphy 
and his bror Archibald and came as far as Kings town and my boys got 2 
bushell of Rie meal from Alexander Macmurphy 

10"' Major Tolfords wife Gave me a bushell of wheat and 2 Cheeses and 
I came home in the Evening 

11"> I butchered Susannas pet Ewe she weighed 39)^ 

13"' Hannah Davis came to our house to spin 

14"' I vendued Archibald MacAllesters place and drawed the Writings 
it was sold to James Wallace for 1640 £ old Tenor and I charged Mac- 
Allister a Dollar for Writing the advertisements Venduing Deed &c and 
I charged Wallace for notes and acknowledgments 25/ old Tenor all 
unpd 

IS'h I run a line between Fergus Kennedy and James Voce and I 
charged 40/ and Kennedy paid me the half of it and did a small Job for 
Richard MacAllester with my Compass and I run the north Line of 
Gauiu Riddells Lott and charged 40V 

16"' I run lines between John MacLaughlin and the two Bells and 
Divided the place between the two Bells I charged 5 £ for the whole John 
MacLaughlins part ought to be one quarter 

17"' In the afternoon I went with Mr Sullivan to Matthew Littles and 



I 



116 jniatthew patten's diary. 

helped tliem to settle tlieii* accts aud got home about the middle of th 
Night they past Receipts 

18*'^ I recorded the Province List of Rates aud Wart 

20^'! was a town meeting which I attended the wart was dated the 4th 
of September 1762 and was ordered to be held the 20th of next September 
Ensiieing but was held this day 

25"! I had John Clogstons mare and went with Mr John Fowle to 
Wilton to take the acknowledgement of a Deed from Beuj Buxton to him 
Lodged at Mr Butterfields over the Sabath 

26*'^ Mr Houston was in Goffstown 

27"* I came home again Mr Fowle gave me a Note of 12 £ old Tenor for 
my pay 

28"* I vendued Ebenezr Johnsons place he has not paid me the charge 
is a Dollar 

The following part of the week I ractified my cart body 

OCTOBER 4th 

I run lines for Francis Barnett for his helping me mow in the Little 
meadow on the 19th of last Augiist 

5th William Thompson got me to go to Ensign Reeds to Swear Evi- 
dences in the case that was to be referred between him and John Blairs 
executors but the executors did not come and Mr Houston brot a Citation 
for me to appear at a Presbytry to be held at the Meeting house in Bed- 
ford on the Nineteenth Instant to answer to the Articles of Charge Ex- 
hibited against me in the Session on the 30th of last June 

6"* I Drawed an acct for Robert Kennedy of Lo : Derry and swore him 
to it and Drawed a power and acknowledged it and charged him 40"/ 
unpaid and drawed a power for Samuell Killpatrick and he paid me 7/^ in 
silver for it 

7"* I settled Tho^ Smiths acct with his Son Reuben and he pd me the 
ballance being 22-17-5 old Tenor aud 20/ over that I could not make the 
change to pay him aud I sigued a Writ and summons for Tho** Butterfield 
of Dunstable against Tho^ Davis of Mousou and gave Butterfield a Sum- 
mons for Witnesses to be tryed on the loth Instant all uupd and I re- 
corded the Ministers and town Rates and Warrants 

8"* I went to work at Amoskeig according to appointment but there 
was none of the partners come aud I writ a pair of ludentui-es for Tho* 
Hall of Wilhani Ne^vuian aud a deed from Hall to said William Newman 
and took the aclviiowledgement the charges is 4 £ unpaid 

9"* I paid James Hunter 4-18-8 old Tenor being the remainder of the 
price of the Butter I had from him the 23d of last December 

12"* I finished mixing 40 £ of paint for the Meeting house the Com- 
mittee foiTud the oyl 

13"* my bror Samuell raised his house aud I ^^Tit a Deed from Deacon 
Riddell to his sou Hugh and charged 50V acknowledged aud all uupd 

14 15 16 18 aud the 19"* uutill the middle of the afternoon I helped my 
bror Samuell at which time my bror and I went to the meeting house to 
the Pi-esbytery to answer to the Charge Exhibited against us by the Ses- 
sion and tarried uutill in the Evening 



MATTHE^y patten's diary. 117 

20*'^ my bror aiicl I attended the Presbytery they voted to hold us to 
Tryal ou the fii'st article notwithstanding our pleas of abatement The 
Presbytery Judged iis Guilty of withdrawing from Mr Houstons perform- 
ances -without Evidences or owing the fact according to the charge as 
Schismatical and rebuked us to which we submitted and immediately we 
and James Walker and Richard MacAllester gave a Supplication to Mr 
Houston for a Dismission 

21**' Spent ^3 of the forenoon with widow Carkin who complained of 
Tho^ Davis for abuseiug but did not give her a wart and Waited on Mr 
Abercomby untill in the afternoon he Lodged at my house the night be- 
fore 

22<i I had my brors oxen and I went to MacAUesters Mill and brought 
home 753 feet of boards 

23<i I got %, a bushell of Indian Corn and % a bushell of rie from John 
Clogston and had it ground at Capt Goffes mill and I went to Will'" Mac- 
cliutocks and left 12 £ old Tenor with his Wife for him on Capt John 
Starks acct and I paid Hannah Davis 40V old Tenor toward her work 

25"^ I held a court in a Case of Trespass wherein Thoiuas Butterfield of 
Dunstable was Plant and Thomas Davis of Monsou was deft after the 
examination of the Witnesses and Pleas made the partys agreed the Case 
I took for my fees 6-17-0 old Tenor Davis paid me the money and I signed 
a Wart for Sarah Carkin against said Davis for some personal abuse and 
I paid Samuell Patterson 3-5-0 on William Nutts acct 

26'h Lieut Little informed me that he Settled my acct with Moses Gile 
and that there was 13-11-0 old Tenor allowed on the Ballance due to me 

28"^ I killed a pig that weighed 82 £ and swore James Walker and 
George Person to abide the Judgment of William Thompson Capt Barron 
& Samuell Patterson their Diflferance 

29th "VViiiiam Barnett helped me to Butcher my ox that weighed 367 £ 
of beaf and 53 i^ of a hide and Jonas helped him in the afternoon to Dig 
potatoes for his helping me butcher and I got one and a half bushel of 
Indian Corn from John Clogston and got it ground at Col Goffes mill and 
my bror gave me a barrel of Cydar 

30''i my boys diged about 2}^ bushell of potatoes that my bror gave me 
and I borrowed % a bushel of salt from James Walker and I Coppyd 
George Persons and James Walkers Deposition for Jonathan Chamberliu 
to be settled for 

3pt ^Iy Houston was in Derry field 

NOVEMBER 

P' I went to London: Derry and lodged at my Mother in laws 

2'' James Houston sett 2 shoes on my mare and I reed 34 Deeds from the 
Recorder and my Mother in Law gave me 10 £ of Wool 

3'! I gave Zachariah Stearns a Summons for witnesses to appear at Rob- 
ert Ushars on Fryday next 

5'*^ I went to Robert Ushars and Drawed 11 Depositions and Swore the 
Deponants and writ the Captious I am to receive 8 £ if Sterns loses the 
Case but if they gain it I am to have what the court alows 



118 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

6*1^ I partly filled a Deed from Johu Harvey to Ebenezer Noyes and 
acknowledged it and reed the pay for it and for Writing the Mortgage 
Deed from Ebenezer Robins being 40V in all from Harvey 

8"^ I gave Robert Morrial a Ooppy of the highway by Richard MacAUes- 
ters to his land Charged 20V to be paid by the town and I lent my Bror 
Samuell 4-13-0 old Tenor 

9"^ I finished makeing 12 Window f rams for my bror Samuell and began 
a Washing Tub 

IQth I ^vent out to yeakum hill and Veiwed some timber that Obidiah 
Bellnapof Haverhill had cut on Col Blauchards heirs land and came home 
by Hu.gh Riddells and I got 3 bushel of potatoes from his son Robert at 45/ 
per bushell 

11"' I finished makeing the Washing tub and began another and I wi-it 4 
letters for John Jacobs 

12*'^ I went to Litchfield and got 4 bushel of Corn from Daniell Kendall 
for which I paid him 7 £ silver money and I got it ground at Col Goffes 
Mill and I had the Toal but did not pay for it 
15'^ I made a washing Tub 

16*'^ was to be a Session at which I and my bror and James Walker and 
Richard Macallester attended but it was no Session 2 of the elders came we 
confer a while and at last we got to scolding with which it ended and I 
gave Jonathan Chamberlin a notification to London : Derry Commitee that 
I inteded to take a plan on Fryday next at ten of the Clock in the forenoon 
17*^^ I gave Adrew Bixbe a Writ against John and Abial Abbott of 
Andover ye charge is 4-4-0 old Tenor unpd and I got John Clogston to 
come and Butcher 3 hoggs and I went into the woods With 2 of Lieu' 
Heths sons of Roxbury to show them land and they gave me a Dollar for 
my pains and took me down to James Walkers and they paid for my sup- 
per and Drink and I got a bushel of salt from Jonathan Chamberlin deliv- 
ered at my hoiise by his son 

18"' was the Pi-ovincial Thankesgiveing 

19"' I went to Jonathan Chamberlins pr order of Coui-t and London :- 
derry Comtee met me the partys agreed to have plan the premises by the 
writ without runing the lines and I bought X £ of Indigo a 4 £ 1 ounce of 
snuff 8V 1 Earthen pott 14/ 1 do a 9/4 and Dearning (?) 3/« at Wilham 
Duncans all on Credit 

20"' I spent the day a planning London: derry and Chamberlins Contro- 
verted land 

22 23 & 24 & 25 I was a surveying on London: derry Pi-oprs and Jonathan 
Chamberlins controversie pr order of the Inferiour Court 

26"' I sowed a Niu-sery at my place between and new Boston 
27".' I workt at planing my work on Chamberlins Controversie 
30"' I gave William Gembell a Wart of apprizemeut for 3 Creatures he 
pounded yesterday in Derryfield pound unpd 

DECEMBER 

l>*t John Dinsmoor came here to make shoes 

3'i Hannah Davis went home who had been here 9 Weeks a 45/ pr week 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 119 

I let her have a pair of shoes for a fortnights work and the soleing and 
heel taping a pr and 40 V in money pd her all but 13 £ old Tenor 

9th "^^iiiiani Gamell returned the prize Wart and paid me for it and for 
taxing and John Dinsnioor finished niakeing 8 pair of shoes and I finished 
makeing a table for Rob' Gillmoor Jum-s wife 

10"» John Dinsmoorwent to work for James "Walker in the morning and 
I finished a sqiiar table for Tho'' Millers \\T.fe 

13"^ I went with Capt Ferrin to show him my farm up Piscataquog River 

14 & 15"^ I was with Capt Butterfields sons runing the lines of their 2 
lotts on the south side of Piscataquog river I had 2 bushell of Indian Corn 
and 20/ Mass old Tenor for my time and my Expenses born 

16"^ I run the lines of no 3 in the first rang on the south side of Piscata- 
qiiog- river for Autipas Dodges father and Antipas is to let me have 6 
bushell of turnips and I went to Esquire Walkers to assist the Selectmen 
to make the Rates and workt that night at them 

l~th -^yas on the same I charged 12 £ unpd 

18t'> We finished makeing Rates and I came as far as James Karrs and 
W" MacDugal met me there and I run the lines of his Lott and charged 
him 4 £ unpd 

20"i I carried yearn to Widow Shiply at Major Moors for 24 yds of 
checkquered woollen 

21*' I run lines for John Thomas round Nelsons 3d Division and 1 line 
for James Voce 

22'^ I went to John Jacobs and got one new shoe made of my Iron and 4 
shoes set and a foot put into a pot and he charged 2-8-0 he gave me the 
setting the 2 shoes for some \vriting I did for him I could not pay him 

23<i I was out at the ash swamp -svith Capt Barron Tho'* Murdough John 
Thomas Daniel Moor and James Voce and did one lot for myself 

25"! I Cleaned our Well and in the Evening I got an order from the 
Selectmen of 33 £ for takeing the Invoice and for my being town Clerk 
and for a Coppy of a transcrii^t of a highway to Morrial and 3^ a day assist- 
ing the selectmen and in the Night there fell a snow about 6 inches deep 

27"^ in the Night following I Writ a deed from Daniell Moor to Capt 
Barron and one from Barron to Moor and one from Deacon William Boies 
to Moor and one from James Voce to Moor Voce I forgave Boies paid me 
and Moor paid me Capt Barron did not pay me his is 40/ and Moor paid me 
for his part of my time at the Ash swamp last Thursday and I did as much 
for Jacob Nukerck as I reed 49/ for 

28"^ I got a Quart of Rum from John Bell on Credit and a barrel of 
Cydar from Capt Barron at 8 £ to be Discounted on a Note of Charles 
Black that I have 

29"^ My bror made house Warming my wife and I was there and I got 
an order from Col Goffe on the selectmen of Bedford for his swearing the 
town officers last March Meeting and I got 24 £ from my mother 

30"^ I sent two Dollars and 3 peistereens and 34 £ old Tenor with John 
Bell Jun'' to pennykook to biiy Corn from Moses Eastman and I sent a 
Sack and 4 meal baggs with him 

31*' I hunted but got nothing 



120 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

JANUARY FIRST 1763 

I borrowed 2 busliell of ludiau Corn from Joliu Bell Juii"^ aud lie told me 
lie bouglit me ISj/g of Indian for me at pennykook and had it filled up into 
my baggs 

In the night following the 2d and on the thii-d day there fell a Snow 
a,bout 18 inches deep it cleared away abont the middle of the day very 
pleasant ' 

4"^ in the night foregoing it began to snow and continued snowing 
untill toward the middle of the day it fell between 2 & 3 inches deep 

5"^ I sent and brot Hannah Davis to our house to help us 

6^'^ was appointed to Examine James Little and Saniiiell Patten on their 
Constableship and Lieut Moor on his CoUectorship there was only Samiiell 
Patten that come and we did nothing and tarried nntill in the Evening 

7*'^ I borrowed 2 bnshell of Corn from John Bell Jiin"" 

8*^^ I sent it to Mill but did not get it ground 

10"^ I sent and got it ground and I swore the prisers of the steer that 
Ebenezer Johnson pounded on the 25th of last Decb"^ and of the Damages 

12"^ Hannah Davis went home after breakfast and in the Evening it 
began to snow and continued until next morning there fell a hail in the 
later part of the storm about 1^4 inches thick that made a crast it fell 7}^ 
inches deep and I got a pair of sled sides from William Thompson and he 
is to have my Wood Sled 

15th I -vvent with my steers and Deacon Gillmor Nathaniel Patterson 
John Clogston and George Pearson and broke to the Little meadow 

16"^ In the Evening it began to snow and continued untill the next day 
it fell about 7^2 inches deep and on the 17"^ I finished makeing a Sled of 
the Sides I had from Thompson 

19"' I had my brors Oxen aud Sled and went to the Little meadow for 
hay 

24''' I brot a load for him of my hay 

26"' I drove twice to the meadow and finished I had my brors oxen the 
whole time I had 8 Jags and I bargained away my Meadow Lott in the 
ash swamp no 27 to John McConoughy for 14 Dollars and he pd me 
6 Dollars in a peice of Goold 

27th I went to Barrons Camp aud bot 4'^ 2 bushell of corn from Moses 
Barron for 3 dollars 

28"' I had John Clogstons Mare and went and got 4).< bushell from 
Moses Barron and got S}4 bushell of it Ground at Caldwells Mill aud 
I had the Toal for pay but could not pay it for want of Change 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM JANUARY 28 1763 
FEBRUARY FIRST 
I went along with my bror Samuell to Daniel Moors Saw Mill and haled 
in two cutts of slit work that I had lying by Gregs old house 
2'i there fell about 18 or 19 inches deep of Snow 

7"' iu the morning I went and borrowed 5 Quarts of Rum from Matthew 
Little and went aud got 4 £ of butter from Francis Barnet on Credit and 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 121 

my Wife had not been well from the fryday morning before gi-ew so bad 
that I went of in the Evening about 8 or 9 a Clock for woman and got 
John Browns wife and Hannah Barnett and in the morning of the 8 
between midnight and break of day she was Delivered of a Daughter there 
fell a Snow this night and in the morning about 13 or 13 inches deep the 
Woman came and went home on snow shoes and I got Esther Patterson 
to come a day or two to take care of my Wife the snow is in general about 
3 feet and 7 inches Deep where it is neither drifted nor bore up by bushes 
and Very solid 

9"^ Jonas and I shoveled our sled path to the West of all our fields 

W^ Esther Patterson went home in the morning early and in the after- 
noon I borrowed a gallon of Rum from Matthew Little and bot 2£ of 
shugar from him on Credit 

IS'^i John Brown Cutt wood for me and I hauUed 

14"i I hailed Wood & we had a ewe lamb a black lamb 

15*h I gave John McConoughy a Deed of the meadow lot no 27 in the 
ash swamp and I took his Note for 1-16-0 Sterhng on Demand with 
Intrest untill paid dated the 26th of January last and Esther Patterson 
washt at our house and I sowed on a pan* of Soles on my own shoes 

letii there fell a snow about 3 or 4 inches deep this day and the night 
be'fore and after we had 3 ewes more lamb which brot 4 lambs 

17*h one of the Twin lambs died and I got a Gallon of Molasses from 
Capt Barron and I gave Jonathan Chamberlins a summons for Jean Linn 
to appear tomorrow at Matthew Littles 

18"i I gave Jonathan Chamberlin a summons for 4 Witnesses more and 
I went and got some Spruce and I went up to Matthew Littles with 
George Person and I gave James Walker a Notification to George Person 
and a Summons to James Walker for 7 Witnesses to be taken tomorrow 

19'>^ spent the forenoon with Major Blanchard a planing in London : 
Derry Proprirs and Jonathan Chamberlins Controversie and in the after- 
noon I went and took the Depositions for Walker and he lent me a bushell 
of Corn and Jonas went to Mill with it and I settled with Daniell Ingalls 
on his Note and for all that I had ever reed from him (viz) one bushell 
of salt he let me have at my hoiise a 40/ and 12 bushell Jonathn Cham- 
berlin brot me of his partner Mr Peabodys at 25/ pr bushell and 2 Dollars 
I had In the afternoon there was Ensen Hubbard and William McClure 
came to have me go with them np to Bakers river to sui'vey and I went 
and Changed snow Shoes with John Bell in order to fitt out and my \^^fe 
had got cold whereby she was very much out of case and had no rest the 
night following 

10"i I sent Jonas away for Hannah Barnett to come and wait on her 
this day and she came and did and she got a little Easyer 

11"^ I set out with William McClure for Pemitchawasett and Lodged at 
Capt Fo-yvlers 

12"' I Joyned the rest of the Company at Penny kook being Ensign 
Brown and Hobart Messrs Eluathan Blood and John Willabie and tarried 
there over the Sabath at Mrs Osgoods 

14th -^re set out and lodged about 12 miles from Pennykook at Mr Tho" 
Poses 



122 MATTHEW patten's DIAHY. 

Ib^^ we arived about 4 or 5 mile above the Crotch of the river 

16*^1 we canipt about }4 way over the 3 mile Carrieiug place 

17"^ we arived at the Intervale and Campt 

29*'^ I finished laying out GO lotts Containing about 347 acres in the 
Intervale on Pemitchewasett 

30"^ we set oiit for home and came to the Crotch of the river and lay at 
a loging camp 

31'*' We came to Mr Henry Lovejoys and lay there 

APRIL FIRST 

set out at half an hour past 2 in the morning and came home that 
Evening about sunset I was out 19 days, we got as much by hunting as 
we shared 4-2-6 pr man while I was gon James Walker lent me a bushell 
of Rie and Samuell Patterson lent me 2j4 bushell of Indian Corn and Col 
Goffe lent me a half bushell of Indian Corn and ^o bushell of Rie 

2'^ Samuell Patterson lent me a bushell of Indian Corn and I workt 
planing my survey 

4*'^ I spent the day on planing 

5"' I spent the day and finished the Plan of my survey at Pemichewasett 
for the proprietors 

7"^ I got a Gallon of Molasses from Capt Barron and settled with him 
for this and 2 gallon more that I had from him and a barrel of Cydar 
being 17 £ & 40/ he owed me for Writing done at Matthew Littles and he 
cleared off Charles Blacks note & I reed 39-6-0 old Tenor the note was at 
lutrest and I took 2/6 pr £ and I pd Lucy Barron 6-5-0 and John Clogston 
brot his Mare to me to keep for him 

8*'' I paid my bror Samuell 17-16-0 being his fees of service and 40/ he 
Expended for the Guard and four pounds for MacNight one of the Guards 
in Charles Blacks case and 3-4-0 over in a 25 £ bill and I got 2 £ of butter 
from Mrs Hannah Barnet 

gth I -^yrit a Deed from Lieut Moor to his son James and in the afternoon 
I went to Widow Bells apprising part of the personal estate 

lltii I got 1^ a gallon of Molasses from Mr Daniel Ingalls and I lent my 
steers and sled to George Person to move from Clogstons to his father 
Chamberlins 

13"' I went to London : derry to assist Robert Macmurphy to draw his 
Administration Acct 

14*'^ I endeavored to help him but was so much out of case that I could 
not 

15"' I went over to Chester With Rob' Macmurphy to settle with Wil- 
liam Kelscy but Major Tolford was from home that we could not and I 
reed 100 £ old Tenor from William Tolford on acct of his note 

16"' I came home again and in my way I got an ounce of Onion seed 
from James Roggers and could not pay for it for want of change , 

18"' I Vendued Alexander Orrs place it was sold for 930 £ old Tenor and 
Several other articles and our Cherry Cow Calved a bull and I reed 6-5-0 
old Tenor from William McDoel for 2 deeds I put on the record for him 
and I paid Rob' Riddell 6-5-0 toward what potatoes I had from him 
last f aull 



MATTHEAV PATTEN'S DIAIIY. 123 

IG"* I ^^Tit the deed of Alex Orrs place to Joua" Ciirrier and a Mortgage 
from him to Orr for security and took the Acknowledgements of both 
deeds I charged Currier 3-5-0 and he paid the money and I went and 
Veudued Robert Morrials place for 1400 £ old Tenor and I pd James 
Mathies 3-2-6 old Tenor towards my Not I gave him last summer and 
I reed 26/ Mass old Tenor in -Silver from Morrial for Vendiieing 

20"i I went with. John Clogstons mare to Abraham Cochi-ans in New 
Boston and I got }4 ^ biishell of potatoes from him for which I paid him 
25/ and I came to Antipass Dodges and got l>o bushell of Tm-nips on acct 
of my siu'veyiug last faull round his fathers lott and I came to William 
McDoels and got ^^ a biishell of potatoes from him and 3 £ in money on 
acct of my makeiug the rates in Goffestown last faull and he owes me 
1-10-0 yet on the same acct 

22'! I set out for Dunstable and I got a new shew made of my Iron and 
sett by John Jacobs on John Clogstons mare for which I paid him 25/ 
old Tenor and went and lodged at Mr Harwoods 

23'i I went to Jonathan Blauchards and I got 4 bushell of rie and pd 
him 26 £ for it and 11-10-0 toward 2 bushell more and I came home and 
I got 2 bushell of it Ground at Capt Chamberlins Mill and I had the Toal 
and came home in the afternoon 

24th ]y[j. Houston Was absent he set out for Pelham 

25"^ I went to Dunstable and I had John Clogstons mare and got 
4 bushell of Rie from Jonathan Blanchard and paid him 14-10-0 and 
11-10-0 I paid him on the 23d paid the 4 bushell and he gave me 2-6 old 
Tenor back in change and he gave me my dinner and I had it Ground at 
Capt Chamberlins and I had the Toal 

26"> I pd Widow Bell a bushell of Rie Meal that I borrowed last faull 
of her late husband John Bell and I went in the afternoon to James 
Walkers to a proprietors meeting of souhegau East and I was chose 
Proprietors Clerk and I -s\Tit a Petition for the last years Selectmen for the 
General Court to have Meeting for the choice of town ofificers in Bedford 

27**^ I sent James Walker a bushell of rie meal to pay a bushell of rie he 
lent my Wife when I was at Pemitchawasett in last march and I gave 
Tho* Murdough a Summons for a number of Witnesses to appear at Dea- 
con Kendells on Thursday the 5th of May next and a Notification to 
James Mathies the advers party 

28"^ I finished plowing the peice between the house and barn and I went 
to Patrick Taggarts and took Agness Examination on Bastardy she swore 
the Child on Samuel Kilpatrick and I tarried all night 

29"^ I came home in the forenoon 

30'** I lay by all day out of case 

MAY FIRST 

I sweat and was much out of Case and Mr Houston was absent from 
Bedford 

3'' I married John Harvell Jun"" of Litchfield and Widow Rebeccah 
Walton of Derryfield and he gave me 6 £ old Tenor and I went in the 
Evening according to a former appointment to Matthew Littles and 



124 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

divided our setting rock company of Which Tho^ Hall and I was Voted to 
chiise partners Hall chose Samiiell Patten Samnell Richards and Tho^ 
MacLaiighlin and I had Tho^ Miller John Little and John Bell 

5'^ I went to Sam" Caldwells and swore took 12 Depositions for Tho^ 
Mnrdoiigh against James Mathies and Drawed a Conipt and Wart for 
Capt Parker against sd Mathies and tarried all night at Caldwells 

6*"^ I came home iu the forenoon and writ a letter to Deacon Williams 
on the proprs of Soiihegan East acct concerning the proprs book &c 
and John Clogston took away his mare she has been absent in the time 2 
nights since she first came 

7"^ I went to Litchfield and spent the day at Deacon Kenndalls on Park- 
ers and Mathies case I adjourned it untill next Thursday at ten of the 
Clock to the same place and I reed 40 £ from Ensign Hobart and 45 £ 
from Major Blanchard on acct of my surveying this last muter at Peni- 
itchwasett and I got % £ of peper from Mr Lut^wyche and I pd him for it 
and for % a £ of powder and 2 £ of shot I had from him this spring on 
Credit the 23d of last April and I got 2 bushell of Oats from Mrs Russell 
and I am to go to her next Thursday to run lines for her to pay for them 

9**^ I attended at James Walkers by Vertue of a Commission from the 
Governor to Col Goffe and Justice Walker and me to Swear John Shepard 
as a Justice of the peace and he gave me 21-3 Mass old Tenor and I sent 
46 £ with James Little to Jonathan Blanchard to buy 18 bushell of rie 

lOth I went to Peuuykook and Bells old horse and lodged at Mrs Osgoods 

11th J gQi; 4 -bixshell of the Corn from Moses Eastman that John Bell 
bought for me last December and I got it Ground at Clements Mill and I 
had the toal at the rate of 4 £ per bushell and I came home 

12"^ I went to Litchfield and went into the woods after Obidiah Hause 
and took the acknowledgement of the deed he gave to James Voce unpaid 
a.nd went and lodged at Mrs Russells 

IS'^i I run lines for her and lodged there that night 

14*11 g}jg gave me 3-2-6 in money and the Oats I reed the Saterday 
Taefore for my surveying and I went to Derry and Chester to help to settle 
with William Kellsy about the rough farm and came lodged -with my 
Brother in law Rob' McMxu-ph over the Sabath and I reed 2 johannas from 
William Tolford on acct of his note 

16*'^ I came home in the morning and I ^vrit a deed from Ebenezer Cos- 
ton of his place to John Kidder I charged each of them 16/ old Tenor all 
unpaid 

17'^ Ensign David Hobart came to my house and agreed for me to go to 
Pemitchawasett in about a fortnight he bot me a right and gave 19-10-0 
old Tenor for it more than the charges I pd him 10 £ old Tenor and 55 £ 
that was due me made 65 i old Tenor that I paid him for it & we are to 
acct aboiit it when we know how much the charges is the right he bot me 
was Deacon Francis Worcesster the Entervale lot of them that I laid out 
is no 30 and I got 3io Quarts of Seed Corn from Samuell Patterson all but 
a Duble handful James gave me and he would not say What it would be 

19* I took John Bells old horse to John Jacobs & got 2 shoes set on his 
fore feet the charge is 14/ unpd 



IMATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 125 

20^^^ I set out for Pennykook and it stormed on me more tlian half the 
way it began with hail and then rain and then both together and then 
snow among them and at length it was snow altogether and covered the 
ground Entirely and lay over night nntill the next day I had John Bells 
horse and James Moors horse and I took John with me and we lodged at 
Mrs Osgoods 

21^* I bot IIq bushell from Nathaniel Eastman for which I paid him a 
Dollar and I bot a peck of peas from him for which I pd him 2-13-0 and I 
brot 4 Quarts home of them and I brot the 8 bushell of Corn that John 
Bell bot for me from Moses Eastman and I got it ground at Clemens mill 
and I had the Toal and I paid him 3 £ and he let me have a peck of his 
corn and I came home and John stayed at Jonathan Martains and he came 
home on sabath morning 

22*1 the Sun Rise very pleasant biit presently clouded over and began to 
rain and rained the rest of the day and all the night following very hard 

23<i It still continued to rain in the morning when I ^\Tit this it cleared 
away by the middle of the forenoon it was an Exceeding great rain and in 
the Evening I vrrit 5 advertisements for John Bell for the sale of hi.s fath- 
ers personal Estate and Mr Stephen Powers of HoUis came to my hoiise to 
see at me when I should go to Pemitchawasett and Lodged here all night 

24"^ I pd James Walker a bushell of Indian Meal for the Bushell of 
Corn I borrowed of him the 19th of Last February and I attended a 
Proprs Meeting by adjournment at James Walkers in the afternoon and 
adjourned it farther untill the 26th of next July at two of the Clock in the 
afternoon 

29'^ Mr Houston assisted Mr Mitchell at the sacrement in Pembrooke — 

30'^ I acknowledged a deed for Hugh Riddell Jun'^ not paid 

3 let I yf-cit 2 Deeds from Ebenezer Coston to John Kidder and acknowl- 
edged them and Charged 3 £ unpd and Kidder is to pay it and I had Pat- 
tersons horse and set out for Dunstable for a load of rie and I lodged at 
Mr Harwoods 

JUNE FIRST 

I sett out for Westford and Mr Cox sett 4 shoes on Pattersons horse and 
charged me 28/ and I could not pay him for want of makeing change and 
I went to Westford and bot 10 bushell of Indian corn from Mr Tho'* Cum- 
ings and I pd him 14 £ Bay Money for it and I brot 4 bushell of it away 
with me and I bot 10 bushell of corn from his neighbor Burge and pd 
IX £ for it old Tenor and left a sack for to fill 8 bushell of it into and the 
4 bushell I brot from Cumings I brot to Jonathan Blauchards and left it 
there and brot 4 bushell of the rie from there that I bot from him and I 
left 6-5-0 with Augustus for his bror Jona to make up the pay for the 8 
bushell I sent by James Little for to him and I lodged at Mr Harwoods 

2'' I came home and I got it Ground at Capt Chamberlins and I had the 
Toal and I got several articles at Mr Lutwychies on Credit to the amount 
3 £ Bay old Tenor and I spent the afternoon and untill a good while in the 
Evening drawing out the Inventory of John Bells Estate 

3'i I knit a Scoop Net 



t/ 



12G MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

4"^ I laiit auotlier both my own a pound made them both 

7*'^ I set oiit for Pemitchawasett in company with. Tho^ Lund Jun' to 
survey and I arived at Penny kook the next day noon and I got 20^0 £ of 
Pork and paid for it I got a half a bnshell of corn from John Chandler 
which John Bell bot for me last faull and he ground it and I arived there 
on Saterday afternoon 

13'^^ Jonas Kyes mended my shoes and I Hoed for him and paid for it 

14**1 J gg^; out to go to Conecticut men who had been in camp above Con- 
vints falls and when I came I found that they were moved away and I 
returned to our camp 

IQ^^ I set out for home in Company with Elnathan Blood Jonas Kyes 
and Thomas McClure and Got to the Crotch of the river and I had a mare 
of Major Blanchards that Lund brot to carrie our provision on and she 
went back that night 

17"' McClui-e took my saddle and all my things but my Blanket which 
blood took and brot them to Amoskeig falls and I arived home this night 
in my going out at Peunykook I had a pound of chocolate from Capt Mac- 
millins wife on Credit the price is 48/ old Tenor and at Mrs Osgoods a 
going and coming my charge was oO/s unpaid also The reason of my 
return so quick was the flys was so plenty that I could not work and there 
was only one of oui- Comtee there the other was gon home 

between the 20th and 25th I chiefly spent at Amoskeig and got about 20 
shad and 2 salmon and I got 2 salmon from James Voce for what he owed 
me and we Quit Scores and on the 24th Jonas got a pigg from Francis 
Barnett 

26th Was the Sacrenient in Bedford and Mr MacGregore assisted 

Before I sett out for Pemitchwasett on Saterday I bargained with David 
McCleary for a swap of My third Division that lys by him for his meadow 
lot in the little meadow we were to Exchange Even and he was to have the 
hay this year I was to have a warranty Deed and he was to have Quit 
Claim from nie 

27tii I began to plow in the old field before the house I ploughed in the 
forenoon with my mare and Steers and in the afternoon I had my brors 
old Oxen and I gave Lieut Nocker a Notification to Jer Carleton of Litch- 
field to hear some affidavits taken at Ensign William Reads tomorrow at 
3 of the Clock- in the afternoon which I am to take 

28'^ I plowed in the forenoon about }4 of the time with my own Steers 
and the other one half with my brors young Oxen and Jonas plowed with 
his oxen in the afternoon and I went to William Reads according to ap- 
pointment and took 4 depositions for Esquire Borland against Jeremiah 
Carleton and I charged 5 £ old Tenor and James Nocker Lieiit his attorney 
gave me 6-2-6 the overplus is to go toward my runing lines for him in the 
year 1765 

29"' John Jacobs set 2 shoes on my Mares fore feet and I pd him 40V old 
Tenor and I went to the haiiling of Daniel Moors barn and tarried untill 
almost sunset and came home and gave Jonathan Chamberlin a Summons 
for 4 witnesses to give Evidence at Matthews Littles on Saterday next at 
S of the Clock in the afternoon in George Persons Case and gave him a 
Notification to James Walker 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 127 

30"^ I had my bros young Oxen and plowed and I gave William Joans a 
"Wart against Joseph Butterfield to bind liim to the peace my charge was 

£ old tenor and he gave me a Dollar and I gave him no change 

JULY FIRST 

I went with my Mare to Jonathan Blanchards and brot away the 4 bush- 
ell of Corn I brot from Westford and left there on the 1st of June last and 

1 got it Ground at Capt Chamberlins mill and I had the Toal & our Heifer 
took Bull 

2'i I had my brors young oxen to plow ^o tlie day and I paid him a bush- 
ell of Indian Meal for the bushell of Corn I had from William Baruett 
spring was a twelvemonth and in the afternoon I went to Matthew Littles 
and took two depositions for Jonathan Clianiberlin in George Persons case 
^vith James Walker and did not pay me 

4"^ I went to Amoskeig to fish and got but one shad 

5*^^ I went and fell a tree for Staves on the highway Land joyning on 
my Meadow fence and went and borrowed Richard MacAllesters horse for 
my Avife to go to her Mothers next day 

6"^ my Wife and I went to her Mothers and I got between 3 and 4 gal- 
lon of vinegar from there and came home with Richards horse and left my 
Mare there she was Very lame the night between the 7th and 8th the Bear 
came into the town by my brors and killed a lamb for us and took it down 
into the Edge of the Meadow and Eat his fill of it and we saved to the 
amount of % of it 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM JULY 7th 1763 

8"^ I had my brors young oxen to plow but was hindered by the Bears 
killing the lamb the night before and in the afternoon the Mold board of 
my plough was so much shattered I had to leave off so that I did not plow 
half the day 

9"^ I finished makeing a new mold Board for my i)low about 10 or 11 of 
the Clock and the boys plowed untill night with my brors young Oxen and 
our Steers and I had John Bells mare and I went to London: derry for my 
wife but my o^vn Mare was so lame that I could not bring her home I went 
to James Houstons and pulled off the Shoe and pared her foot and let out a 
Considerable Corupted matter and got him to set the shoe again and my 
\vife tarried and I came home and my Mother in Iqm gave me a quarter of 
Veal and as much meal as ballanced it 

10"' Mr Houston was absent from Bedford and I sent home John Bells 
Mare 

ll'i^ I sett out for New Boston to help to fix a place for to build their 
Meeting house on the other Committee man was Capt Chamberlin and my 
bror 

12 13 & 14 was on the same busness and arived home on the night be- 
tween 12 and 13th. the rose came on the inside of my left leg below the 
Calf & opperated so that by morning there was a large Wax-Camel in my 
Groin and I layby all the 13th and was much out of Case about the Middle 
of the day I went to bed in order to get a sweat and Mrs Cochrane made 



128 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

me an Herb clriuk and I sweat cousiclerable that day I felt better aud had 
Deacon Cochraues Mare to ride home ou We drawed our Jiidgem.euts 
there our charge was 24V each Mass Lawfull luouey 

15''^ I seut Deacon Cochranes mare home by Rob' Addams who was go- 
ing up 

16*'i I went to London: derry and got my mother in laws Mare and my 
wife came home ou her and I rid my own Mare 

IS"' I set out for Westford for Corn ^^^th my Mother in Laws Mare and 
John Clogston went along with me with his Mare I bore their expences I 
would have taken his Mare and he would go himself We got 8 bushell and 
came and Lodged at Mr Harwoods I got all the corn from Mr Cummings 
that he owed me and 2 bushell from Mr Burgh 

19"' I came to Oapt Chamberlins and got the 8 bushell Ground and I 
had the toal of 4 biishell aud the other 4 they took the toal of 

20*'' I pd Samuell Patterson 2 bushell of Meal John Clogston had it by 
an order from Patterson and I drawed a Compt from Daniel Moore against 
Samuell Wallace and I went to London: derry with my Mother in Laws 
Mare and came home in the night 

22'! I had my brors 2 pair of Oxen aud plowed in the west side of the 
field before the house 

23'! I went to Rob' Gillmors in Goffestown and run the line between him 
and Lieut Little aud he foiind thread and Sowed a pan* of Soles on a pair 
of pumps for me and we offset 

24th ]vIj- Houston was in Derryfield 

26"' I attended a P*i'oprietors meeting by adjournment of Sowhegan 
East att James Walkers they voted to have me go to Boston for the Books 
papers and Plans and Col Golfe proposed to Disburst 2 Dollars towards 
bearing my Expences and my bror proposed to advance some and both to 
look for it from the Proprietors and James Walker proposed to find me a 
horse and to get his pay the same way 

27th I got James Walkers horse and fitted off for Boston but got disap- 
pointed and tarried untill next morning and I reed 2 dollars from Col 
Goffe and a Crown peice from my bror 

28"' I got up about Midnight aud I arived at Boston that night 

AUGUST FIRST 

I arived home in the evening and brot home four bushell of corn from 
Mr Burge in Westford of what I bot from him in June last 

S"! I had my brors Oxen both pairs about half the day and I finished 
plowing the field before the house and I pd Capt John Stark 6 Dollars 
towards the intrest I owe him 

4"' I went to Chester and Lodged at Major Tolfords 

o"! I took up the Deed that John Caldwell and I gave to John and Will- 
iam Tolford of the land that my father in Law left me in Chester and I 
gave William ToKord a Seperate deed and he paid me a huuflred pound 
old Tenor I have reed 200 £ old Tenor and 16 dollars for what land I Sold 
him he set the price himself and the time of payment and I got a pig from 
Rob' Macmurphy and came home in the evening 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 129 

gtii I -went to Dunstable for the 4 biishell of Rie I had at Jonatliau 
Blaiichard but wheu I came I found he had put it away iiotwithstaiidiug 
I paid him 26 £ for it and my bags there to put it in and I had to come 
home without any he promised to send it to Capt Chamberlin by Fryday 
well sillied fit for gi-indiug and I brought a Johanna and 2 Crowns and 2 
English shillings from old Mr Allds for which I paid him 74-13-0 old 
Tenor The Discompt was 7 £ pr Dollar 

gth I sent Capt John Stark a Johanna by my boys and I settled with 
Deacon Robert Gillmor and I paid him for wooll my "Wife had from him 
in the year 1761 and for 3^ £ of Tea I had the same year from him being 
9-12-6 in the whole and he paid me a piestereen and a half in silver for 3 
£ of Puttee he had from me some years ago and I gave him a deed that he 
had from Woodbridge Brown that I put on the record for him 

10"^ I butchered a lamb that weighed 34 £ 

11'^ was a thanksgiving throughout the Province on acct of the Peace 
But Mr Houston did not preach altho he was at home and in health he did 
not receive a proclamation nor certain acct of the appointment as he said 
altho the people generaly went to Meeting how the people univertialy 
came to hear and he not I cant tell When his Wife was informed of it by 
my Wife on the oth instant att our house who told Mrs Houston the acct 
of the thanksgiveing was in the newspaper and our Black Cow took Bull 
in the morning early 

12"^ I intended to begin to mow at the little meadow but did not but 
pulled our flax at John Clogstons and our Belled Cow took Bull in the even- 
ing and I signed a recomendatory Certificate for Capt Barrons Wife to 
the Church in Amherst 

13'^ we finished pulling our flax at Clogstons 

14"i I heard Mr Hancock preach in Bedford in the forenoon from these 
words Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord &c and in the afternoon 
from these words Watch and pray for ye know not what hour your Lord 
Cometh 

15^'' Samuell & James Patterson and I made a haull for salmon at their 
brook but gof none 

16*^ I began to mow in the little meadow & I got a Gallon of rum from 
Mr Lut^vyche on Credit ye day before 

17 18 19 William Barnett mowed for me in the Little meadow 

20"^ I workt at the meadow and I got up 100 Cocks this week and there 
came up a Shower about the middle of the afternoon and catched about 20 
cocks ready for rakeing in this weak Alex Orrs wife reaped a little more 
than 3^ a day 

22<^ I spent the day to take Depositions for John Brown of New boston 
in his case with Daniell Macmurphy tliey agreed the Case my charge for 
summons Notification and this days attendence I charged 8 £ old Tenor 
and brown paid me 3-3-0 and before I went on the above busness I •^^Tit 2 
Deeds from William AUd to Daniell Moor and took the acknowledgement 
and acknowledged 3 Deeds for AUd and did Some other writing and 
charged 6 £ and I reed the money AUd paid 4-8-0 and Moor pd 1-12-0 and 
Alex Orrs Wife reaped for me some more than ^^ the day and I sent John 



180 ]MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

to Capt Chamberlins mill lie took 2 biisliell of Indian corn with him and 
got it gToiind and brot it and some of the rie Jonathan Blanchard sent 
there for me the 4 bushell he sent there for me when it came to be dried 
it lacked a peck CaiJt Chamberlins wife or family dried it and Measured it 

23<i Mrs Orr reaped for me % the day or the afternoon and I made a fork 
handle the boys and I reaped 2% stocks in the forenoon 

24'^^ the boys and I put up a Stack of hay at the Little meadow and I 
run the line between James Caldwell and Beuj Smith and I put 3 or 4 
names more as Witnesses into William Jones Wart 

25"^ I paid John Wallace 30V I owed him toward a scyth I had from him 
this summer my bror paid 5-10-0 of it for me when I got it 

Se''^ I finished mowing in the Little Meadow 

80*^^ I settled Samson Moors note of 20 Dollars with Hugh Riddell on 
James Breakeni-idge acct he pd me 11 Dollars and a piestreen he ows me 
and an order on Rob' Walker of 12 Dollars and I gave David McCleary a 
Wart against William Moor for Moors kicking and stricking McClerys 
sou John on the 26th instant the charge is 4-8-0 old Tenor unpaid and I 
gave Rob* Kennedy of Goffestown one Deed of his own and 2 of his bror 
Thomas that I had put on the Records and there remained 5-7-0 old Tenor 
to be paid More than I had reed and he pd me 3-2-G of it and there remains 
44V6 which he promised to pay 

31st I -writ a deed from William Karr to William Read and a bill of sale 
and acknowledged each of them and charged 3 £ old Tenor and Read 
promised to pay it and Karr got his deed from me that I put into the 
records for him the charge was 3 £ and 40/ he owed me on Hit Emerys 
acct made 5 £ he owes me which Answered a G £ he had from Thos Camp- 
bell of Lo: Derry which alows me to recive and I gave the note to Rob' Mac- 
miirphy to get for me some time ago 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

I attended a proprietors meeting of souhegan East at James Walkers in 
the afternoon 

2^^ I finished Stacking hay at the Little meadow I had l65 Cocks this 
year there was 32 in the Dispute Lot 

3 4 & 5 I was out of Case by reason of the left side of my face being 
sweled which proceeded from a rotten Tooth and my getting cold my Wife 
sweat me and I recovered better 

gth I -^yent to John Jacobs and he made 2 new shoes for my mares fore 
feet and set them off my u-on and put a peice on a scyth and set the heel of 
another and charged 50V and I did not pay him 

7"^ I went to Mr Liitwyches and got % £ of peper and 1 Gallon of Molas- 
ses arid % a gallon of Rum and 1 ounce of Snuff and I paid him 1-8-0 Bay 
old In Sterling bills according to the Discompt he makes toward the above 
things and I spent the night follo-sving untill daybreak a settleing Will- 
iam Barnetts James Voce and James Pattersons account of their Rapht- 
ing this last spring 

8"^ I spent more than ^.i the day on the above acct and I paid Hugh Rid- 
dell Junr 1-18-0 old Tenor being the remainder of What I owed his bror 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 131 

Robert for what potatoes I had from him last f anil I paid him 6-5-0 before 
toward them last April the day that Alex Orr Vendued his place and I 
lent Matthew Little a Glass bottle full of Linseed oyle and paid him the 
Glass Bottle full that I borrowed of the Comte for the meeting house some 
years ago the glass Bottle full I lent was filled in the same bottle that I 
borrowed in 

9"^ There was a frost the night following which killed a number of 
Pumpkin leaf es and beans and some Corn leaves 

16"^ I finished mo-sWng and set out and went to Westford and got the 4 
bushell of Corn I had at Mr Burgs and I bot 10 £ of pork and paid 46/8 Bay 
old Tenor for it and came and Lodged at Parkes & I got 100 of Wafer that 
James Voce brot from Boston he paid for them 

17*^ I bot 7 £ of sliugar from James Tyng and paid him 1-7-6 for it and 
I bot at Gordons 3 Cotton Romalls a 13/6 each and L £ of Ginger 7/ and 
3 £ of shot a 3/ pr £ and a Quire of Writing paper a 9/ and I paid of them 
thing 1-2-6 and the rest I am trusted for and I got 2 Caks of chocolate at 
Mr Lut^vyches on Credit being 18/ and I got a bushell of wheat from Mr 
Gearfield and I am to give the common Market price for it when I pay it 
and I got the 4 bushell of corn Ground at Capt Chamberlins and I had the 
toal 

2P' I sent Jonas to Mr Lutwyches and I sent him 2-10-0 in Silver and 
got a Gallon of Rum and I got no change and Sam'' Patterson made me a 
pair of shoes 

22^' I set out for Plymouth to Survey and lodged at Mrs Osgoods and did 
not return homeuntill the 16th of Next November being 8 weeks in Which 
time I got 2 bushell of Wheat from Elnathan Blood of Pine Hill Dunstable 
unpaid and I got 10 £ of Beaver by catching while I was out and my Wife 
sent to Lutwyches and got 3 Quarts of Riun and 8 £ of Rice and sent it up 
to me and about 3 £ of butter with Major Blanchard and a parcel of 
Flower to thicken my Rice and Chocolate 

NOVEMBER 16'^ 

I came home from Plymouth in Evening about 10 or 11 of the Clock 

17"^ there fell a snow ancle deep very diy 

21^' I drawed a coppy of plan of Rob' Gilmoors lott in Goffestown (viz) 
no 9 in the 2d rang on the south side of Piscataquog river charged 20/ 
unpaid and I went to John Goflfes Mill to bring home some boards I had 
there since Spring was a twelve month and they Were gone as Goflfe said 
to Mend his fathers barn and he let me have as many feet for them being 
240 feet 

22'i I spent the afternoon and the Evening at Col Goffes on the affair of 
a new Township and got a bushell of Rie ground 

23'i I spent the day going among the Inhabitants of this town to know 
who Voted for Col Goffe for an Assembly man to be Proprietors and John 
Jacobs mended my holdfast and charged 8/ and I did not pay him and I 
reed 11 Dollars from Rob' Walker and a Dollar he paid my Wife before 
made the 12 Dollars that he was to pay me on Hugh Riddells acct that he 
was to pay me on James Breakenridge acct for the Quarter of the right of 
Laud in Benningtown 



132 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

THURSDAY 24*^ WAS THE GENERAL THANKSGIVEING 

28"^ I spent the day at Col Goffes aboiit the new Township and I paid 
Mr Newman 25/ old Tenor towards this year ferriage and I paid Eleazar 
Wells o/' by Writing a power of attorney and acknowledgement for a Jill 
of Rum I had from him last spring at Amoskeig falls and I got ig a^^'i^'^^pll 
of salt from Col Goffe and paid 3 Dollars in Silver for my own right and 
for Jonathan Martains name that I p^^t in for my self 

29*'^ I & my Wife & Jonas John and James went a cran berrying and got 
about a bnshell 

30"^ I paid Joseph Farmer a Dollar toward the Rie my Wife got from 
him while I was in the Woods 

DECEMBER FIRST 

I sowed 2 bnshell of Wheat in the old field by my brors 

5^^ I finished stocking Rob* Morrials Gun and I went iu the afternoon 
and run lines for Tho^ Hall over Pistacataquog river on the heads of the 2 
home lotts in Bedford unpd 

6'h I went to New Boston and tarried at Alex'^ McCollums over Night 

7"^ I bot 2 pails of Butter from Mrs Cochran at 5'/ pr pound Bay old 
Tenor the pails & biitter weighed 47 12 the pails weighed 9 £ 2 ounces the 
butter weighed 38 £ 6 ounces 

8*11 I went and got 2 bushell of rie and 2 of Indian ground at Goffes mill 
and I writ 2 deeds for Lindsey George Wallis of Boston one for Capt Bar- 
ron and the other to Daniel Moor Wallis paid me 15V Bay old Tenor for 
the Deeds and Capt Barron and Moor owes me for the Acknowledgement 
and I lent Daniel Moor a peistereen in Silver 

lO'h I sowed a bushell of Rie in the old field by my brors 

11"^ Sabath day Mr Houston was in Derr^'field 

12"^ I went to see Col Goffe and met him at Capt BaiTons bars and I 
writ a deed from John Goffe to Eleazer Wells he paid me his part and 8V 
for Goffe and Goffe paid me the remainder and 1 7 V toward the 20V he was 
to pay me for Tho** Karr and I filled a Writ and summons for James Lyon 
against Tho^ Croford to be tryed the 26th Instant at one of the Clock in the 
afternoon 

16*ii Samuell Patterson sowed on a pair of soles for me I had the soles 
and thread from John Bell he owed me One sole and he lent me the other 
and the thread and Ensign Hobart came to my house to have me go to 
assist Plymouth committee to cupple their lotts 

17'h I went to pine hill 

19 20"^ was on the busness 

21^* came home and got a Quarter of Beaf from Ens Parker weighing 85 
at 2/ pr £ and I pd him 50/ silver money more than pd the beaf silver 
money and Ensign Hobart took his horse and brot it to Gearfields for me 
and Elnathan Blood let me have his Mare to ride to Gearfields 

22'! I brot the Quarter of Beaf home 

23'! was the town Meeting in Bedford by a speceial Act for the choice of 
town officers for the Currant year and John Shepard Esq was appointed 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 133 

Moderator by the General Court I was chose Clerk and clerk of the Market 
and I reed 4-4-0 old Tenor from Andi-ew Bixby for a Writ he got from me 
last year or last spring 

24*1^ I got 2 biishells of Rie ground at Goffes mill 

26'^^ was a snowey day and the case I was to try between James Lyon 
and Crowford the writ was not served 

37"' the snow is now more than mid leg deep and I broke through to the 
Little meadow and brot home a little hay 

28"' & 28"* was soft and inclining to a thaw 

30 & 3P' I brot a Jag of hay each of these days from the meadow 

JANUARY FIRST 1764 

was a snowey day being the 3d snowey Sunday going 

2 & 3*1 I brot 2 Jags of hay from the meadow 

4"' I brot home 2 Jags this day 

5"' was a Snowey day and I writ a Bill of Sale from Rob' Gillmor of 
Merrymac to his Daughter Elizabeth of a Negro boy and Aclaiowledged it 
unpaid 

6 & 7"^ I brot home 2 Jaggs hay from the Meadow and John Dismor 
made a pair of shoes for Jonas and another pair for John 

8"' my Mare was swelled on the off side of her Belly and between her 
hind legs as far as her tites 

9"^ I bot 2 quarters of a Cow from Major Moor it weighed 155 £ a 6V pr 
£ came to 46-10-0 and I gave him my Note for the Money and I got an 
almanack from Col Goffe and paid for it 

IQtii Was a town meeting and I was re chose to build a Piilpit with John 
Wallis and John Bell was added in the Room of Hugh Riddell who is 
moved out of town 

11"' I sent Deacon Thomas Cochran by Archibald MacMurphy 9-14-0 
Mass old Tenor for 38 £ and 6 ounces of Butter I had from him on the 7th 
of Last December the price was 5V pi* £ Mass old Tenor being 2V more 
than the butter came to Mass old Tenor 

12"' I had Pattersons horse and brot home the beaf from Major Moors 

16"' I "WTit a Deed from Daniel and John MacCiu-dy to James Mathies 
and I acknowledged it and I gave Mathies a Deed I put on record for him 
the price of the Deed was 2-12-0 and the acknowledgement and an order 
from Mathies on James Karr came to 1-0-0 all to be settled by a Note 
Mathies has of me 

17"' I went and got 6 bushell of Rie and G bushell of Indian Corn from 
Samuell Barnet and I had John Goffes INIare to help my Steers and I got 10 
bushell of it Ground at Samuell Caldwells 

20"' I cut 2 Chestnutt trees in Capt Barrons lott north of James Cald- 
wells for Rails and Deacon William Moor made a new Spool and teethed a 
Heck for me to be settled for 

22'i Mr Houston was in Litchfield 

23 & 24"' I drawed 3 Jaggs with my Steer of hay from the meadow and 
on the 23d Mary Riddel came to us to spin some Wool 

25"' I recorded the Town and Province rates and Warrants 



134 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

26 & 27"^ I hauled 3 Jaggs of hay more 

28'^ I attended the funeral of Matthew McDuffees wifes mother and 
mary Riddell finished spiuiug and Went home 
30*'^ I made a new yock for my Steers 

FEBRUARY FIRST 

I hald 2 Jaggs hay from the meadow 

3<^ I hald home a Jagg of hay being the last I have gon 19 times for my 
hay this year 

7*^^ we had a Ewe lambed a Ewe lamb and it died the 8th it snowed in 
the morning and then abated and in the afternoon it snowed out of the 
East very Violently, the snow fell about 4 or 5 inches deep 

10"' I went to Mr Lutwyches and Got 4 £ of shugar and one £ of ginger 
1 paper of pins and 1 Cake of Soap on Credit and carryed 4 meal bags to 
Samuel Barnet to be filled with corn and the night following we had a 
Ewe lambed a Ewe lamb 
• 12"' Mr Houston was in Litchfield 

15"^ I went to Samuell Barnetts and got 8 bushell of corn from him and 
I carried it to Samuell Caldwells mill and got 6 biishell of it Ground 

1 7"' I went to London : derry and lodged at my Mother in laws 

18"' I went to John Mitchels and gave him my Note for 46 £ old Tenor 
in Exchange of a Note I had gave George Duncan of the said Nominal 
suiu on acct of charges of no 3 on Penobscot river and took his rect and 
left that rect with sd Duncan to redeem my note to him and took Duncans 
rect for that rect Either to Deliver it or my note 

20"' I gave Daniel Kenndel a Summons for 6 Evidences to give Evi- 
dence at William Reads in Christopher Kenndalls case against Capt 
Thos Parker on the 22d and a Notification to Capt Parker and I carried a 
Woollen Webb to Jas Lyon and assisted John Bell to di'aw out the accf 
of the Demands on his fathers Estate 

2i6t I -^rot home 2 plauk from McAllesters mill for Cart fellows and 
19 sticks of Slit work 

22*1 I went to William Reads and swore six evidences for Christopher 
Kenndell and his bror Daniell gave me 5-2-6 old Tenor and 2 peistereens 
for what I did in the affau- and I swore 2 Witnesses for William Richard- 
son against Capt Parker he did not pay me and I came home in the 
Evening 

24"' John Dinsmor finished makeing shoes he has made 7 pair this win- 
ter the charges is 14 £ for what he did this winter I paid him this Winter 
8-5-0 and I owe him yet 27-15-0 old Tenor 

25"' I had my brors 4 oxen and I hauled 3 rail cutts to the Little meadow 
and I took the 2 slit work cuts that I had lying at Greggs old house to 
Daniel Moors Mill and he sawed them they made 44 sticks and I had them 
all and I got 26 sticks of the 2 butt cuts my bror & I hauled in last Vv^inter 
and I brot them home 

27"' I set out for HoUis and lodged at Major Blanchards and I borrowed 
the 2d Volum of the independant Quig 

28"' I went into HoUis and reed my order for my wages for my survey- 



MATTHEW patten's DIARV. 135 

ing for Plymouth proprs my order was 542 £ old Tenor the collector signed 
over a note to me on Thos Riiss of 1 GO £ old Tenor in part of my order 

29"i I settled with the Collector for the dues on my own right being 86 £ 
on my order and for 62 £ old Tenor on Deacon Stephen Websters right and 
took his (viz) Websters note for the money and I gave Ensn David 
Hobart an order of 9 £ old Tenor being what I owed him on the price of 
my right in Plymouth that he bot for me 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM FEBRUARY 29 1764 
MARCH 1st 1764 

was a training in Bedford under Col Goffe for the publishing the Com- 
missions 

2<^ I drawed a petition to the selectmen for Gauin Riddell to incert an 
article in then- next Wart for a town meeting and I pd Samuell Patter- 
son a bushell of Indian Meal 

3*^ I had Gauin Riddells Mare and my own and I went to Ensn 
Parkers at Pine hill and got 282 £ of Beaf a IVS*^ pr £ Massachusetts old 
Tenor it amounted to 10 Dollars and 20V said old Tenor and I gave him 
my note for ten Dollars and 20"/ or New Hampshire old Tenor equal 
thereto with Intrest untill paid and came home in the Evening and as 
I came home Thos Wallace gave me better than }4 a bushell of Parsnips 

5th J -yvent to New boston and Qualified their Town officers 

6"^ I returned home The night before I lodged at John McLaughlins my 
charge for this service is 12 £ old Tenor not yet paid 

8*'^ I got 4 bushell of rie from Gauin Riddell and 2 bushell of Indian 
corn and a bushell of rie on Robt Morrials acct and the 4 of rie and 3 of 
corn is on acct of the Stack of hay he had of mine last Winter and I got 
one bushell of rie from Morrial himself this and the bushell I had from 
Riddell on his acct pays (with what he and Thos Mathies wife reaped 
for me) the stocking his Gun 

9th I "vvent to Richard McAllasters mill and I brot away 12 sticks of slit 
work that Joseph Houston owed and brot home a stock of boards that 
Gauin Riddell brot to John Bells for me and 5 Sticks of Slit work that 
Richard Mac AUester owed me and I paid Sam" Patterson a bushell of corn 

10"' I Drawed a Plan of Sowhegan river through Merrymac and on the 
side of Amherst and the town of Merrymac and Litchfield and part of 
Monson and part of Amherst and part of Bedford for Gol Goflfe to carry 
to the Governor next week and I ^\Tit a letter for James McNight for 
Will'" Eloit for some nails he owes McNight 

12*-'' I VN^ent to Mr Lut^^'yches and got 2 Gallon of Molasses >4 £ of tea 
one Jack knif one hundred of Pump nails and I paid him a Dollar in silver 
and 8 £ old Tenor that Stearns (viz) Zachariah and Daniel paid him for 
my takeing Depositions for their mother in her case with Mr Gordon and 
I agreed with Daniel Kenndell for 20 bushell of Corn a 3 £ pr bushel and 
he is to bring it to Reads for me into the bargain 

13"' I went to St(nvarts and got a Net pole and some Spruce 

15 16 & 17"' was on the busness of takeing some Depositions in per- 



136 MATTHEW TATTEN'S DIARY. 

petuani rei niemoriam relating to Mr Honstons settleiug in Bedford the 
Justices was Col Goffe and Alex' Walker they took them at James 
Walkers 

21'^' I paid Hannah Barnet 47V Mass old Tenor 

24*'i I Drawed Fencing Loggs with James Pattersons Draughts 

27"^ I paid Joseph Farmer }( of a Dollar toward the rie I had from him. 

28*'* was the annual meeting and I was chose Clerk and one of the 
Selectmen 

29"* I took divers persons Invoice West from the meeting house includ- 
ing McAllesters Morrals Murdough Widow Nimocks and that breadth 
Eastward and the river rang Except Capt Barron 

30*'* OUT Heifer Calved a Heifer calf and in the night following we had 
a Ewe lambd 

3P' I lay by all day by reason of a sore on my right loyn under the 
west-band of my britches 

APRIL FIRST 

there fell a snow near 3 inches deep the Sun was Eclipsed this morning 
at five of the Clock being 41 minutes before she rise 

3'^ was a considerable heavy rain in the fore part of the day in the after- 
noon I writ a Mortgage deed from James Wallace to William Barnett and 
Acknowledged it and charged 40V I owed him lOV toward a little chair 
and 32V toward 2 twenty-four shilling bills he gave me some years ago to 
get changed in the province Treasury and we offset them two sums for 
what I did in ■\^Titing this day and in the forenoon I recorded the March 
Meeting Wart and the Votes of the meeting 

4"* I sent Jonas to Mr Lutwyches and & }i of Tea £ % of peper % ounce 
of Nutmeg 1 Quire of Writing paper 7 £ of Rice and 2 Gain of Molasses 
on Credit and 2 bushell of Indian Corn from Daniel Kendall and I 
appointed to Lay out the Road in Litchfield next Saterday 

6*'* I cut my laiee pan about 9 or ten of the Clock forenoon 

7"* I had Capt Walkers Mare and went to lay out the Road in Litchfield 
and Derryfield pr order of the Sessions did no more than view the Groimd 
oui* Expenses at Maj Moors came to 16-13-0 old tenor and 8-14-0 at Col 
Goffes our ferriage was 18V for 3 comtee men Before the morning of the 
8th the Ague settled in my Cutt knee I suffered a great deal of pain and 
could do no work the whole week following My boys ploughed 4 days this 
week to wit- the 10th 11th 12th and 18th days 

8*'* Mr Houston was absent 

14*'* Proved a Rainy day 

15*'* Mr Houston was absent 

17*'* I sowed a little more than a bushell of Rie in the field by my brors 
which finished it 

18*'* I went to Col. Goffes mill and got 2 bushell of Rie gToimd into 
Meal and I fished and catched 19 Chubs 

19*'* I sowed almost 2 bushell of Rie in the field before the house and I 
was to have held a Court wherein Timothy Taylor was Plant and Thos 
Lancey was Deft Lancey appeared and Maj Blanchard appeared for 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 137 

Taylor they made up the case and Blaiichard paid lue 30**/ old Tenor for 
my trouble it Raiud the latter part of the day considerable and Snowed in 
the night following that it was an inch or two deep next morning 

20"^ being Good Friday was the Provincial Fast 

2P' The Snow melted away and we laid up the fence behind the house 
and I sowed 2 bushell of Rie in the field before the House and Samuel 
Patterson and I went a fishing at Seabens Ponds and we catched 13 
Pickerel 

22'' Mr Houston was absent from Bedford 

23'^' I sowed 3 bushell of Rie in the field before the house which finished 
it I sowed almost 7 bushell in it and a little more than a bushell in the 
field by my brors makes 8 bushell in all this spring 

24"^ I had Richard McAllesters Horse and I went to Samuell Baruetts 
to Draw "Writing between him and Robt Alexander of his place and 
between John McConnel and Samuell Barnet of McConnels place and I 
sit up all night and finished a little before day and Jonas took MacAllesters 
horse and went to Daniell Kenndells and got 4 bushell of Indian corn and 
brot it to Gofi'es mill and got 2 of it ground and left the other 2 at the mill 
and Sam" Baruettis to give me 6 £ and Alexander paid mc 5-17-0 and is 
indebted 3V for my service 

25*'^ I came home about the middle of the day 

26'*^ I went to mill for the 2 bushell of Corn Jonas left there day before 
yesterday and I took James and Bob with me and we catched 82 fish with 
hook & line and I got the Corn ground 

27'^^ James Caldwell sent me 4 Dollars by his son James for my service 
a fixing a meeting hoiise plan in New boston 

28^'^ I got 2 sow piggs from Tho'* Miu'dough 

30"' I finished my Surveying Stavs 

MAY FIRST 

I had John Bells mare and went to Dunstable to run the lines of the 
land in Controversie between Jo^ Eayrs and William Cox the Refferies 
was to meet at Col Lovewells to Determin their Dispute Lodged at 
Mr Coxs 

2*^ was on the bussness Lodged at Mr Coxs 

S"! I went to Mr Gordons Shop and I pd the shopkeeper a Dollar I owed 
2-3-0 Bay old Tenor and I got U £ of Tea 1 £ Brimstone 6 sheets of Car- 
tridge paper 5£ of shugar 1 Dozn Cups and Sausers Chenie the whole 
came to 6-14-6 I paid 2V of it in the Dollar I gave more than what I owed 
before and I came by the way of Hollis and Lodged at Cousin W™ Pattens 

4"! I came home John Bell sent a bushell of Rie and I got it changed 
for malt and got it gi'ound my charge for my Journey 3 days at lOV sterling 
pr day I told Cox that if he had to pay the Cost I would take 5V sterling 
pr day I spoke to him to make me a Gridiron in part of pay and while 
I was at Dunstable my wife let my bror Sam'' have 2 Dollars in Silver 

7"^ I went a fishing in the Morning and catched 12 pickerel and a perch 

§th Thomas Cowan came to me for Daniel Sterns to have mo take an 



138 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

affidavit for to carrie to the Superiour Court I gave him a Summons and a 
Notification to the Adverse party 

9"' the boys & I workt at laying up the log fence before the lioiise 
10*'i I gave Robert McCormick a Wart of apprizement for a Mare Colt 
unpd and I went a fisliing & catched 12 pickerel The night before it 
Thundi'ed & raind considerable and I gave Jonathan Chamberlin a 
summon for 3 Witnesses in George Persons case with James Walker & 
a notification to Walker unpd we had our Belld Cow die a Calveing some 
time in the day she was turned out about 9 a Clock and my brors children 
found her some time before night she was ou a good dry peice of land on 
the west side of Clogstons field and the north side of my brors 

12"i I settled with Col Stoddard for Cutting acct and I gave him my 
note for 50 £ old Tenor on Zechariah Cuttings acct to be pd in 6 months 
with Intrest at 10 pr cent Pr annum till pd and I went to Robert Ushers 
and took 2 Depositions for Daniel Sterns and 2 for Lieut Hildreth and 
Sterns paid me a Dollar and Hildreth paid me 3 £ old Tenor and Robert 
McCormick paid me 35/0 old Tenor for the prize Warrant for a Colt I gave 
him on the 10th instant 

On the 11th I took 5 Depositions for Jonathan Chamberlin in George 
Persons case with James Walker I charged 4£ and he pd me 3-12-G old 
Tenor 

14"i I attended in the afternoon at Capt James Walkers on Examining 
the Claims on John Bells Estate but no person came there came in Com- 
pany and we tarried that I came home about Midnight in the morning 
I sent home Richard McAllesters horse which I had on Saterday to Litch- 
field for Grain I had from Daniel Kenndell and I had one of Col Goffes 
horses likewise and Jonas went and brot the gi-ain from Ens" Reads there 
was 14 bushell of it 12 of Corn and 2 of Rie he brot it to the Cols Mill and 
got 4 bushell of it Ground and John went with my old mare and brot 
home 2 bushell and Jonas brot 2 of it in Meal and 2 in Corn and I got 2 £ 
of butter and 2 of hogs fatt from Widow Bell and I sent her 40"/ old Tenr 
towards it 

28**^ I planted my Corn 

29"> I went to Amosldeg Falls to Fish 

JUNE 8*1^ 

I attended to lay out the highway in Derryfield from Chohass brook to 
Litchfield line and iu Litchfield from Derryfield line to INIr Josiah 
Richardsous 

9*'' I drawed the Returns 

11* I attended at Capt Walkers on Examining the Claims on John Bells 
Estate and Sent the Returns of the highways to the sessions by Col Goffe 

15"> I broke off fishing I got 361 shad and l^o Salmon home I gave John 
Little & James Patterson 27 shad and 25 I had Stolen and 5 my bror Sam^i 
got of mine in this mouth while I was fishing Jonas got 2 bushell of salt 



MATTHE^Y PATTEN'S DIARY. 139 

from Jonatliau Chamberlin for me and I bot a busliell of Salt from little 
Robert Clark the salt was at Capt Joliu Starks and I paid Clark 5 £ for it 

18*'' I went to Timothy Taylors and run lines for him and charged him 
6 £ unpaid 

19*'^ I sent 10 £ of Beaver to Boston to be made into Hatts and sent 
2 dollars for several articles by Matli^ Little 

2P' I pland at Makeing a plan of Plymouth half the day 

32'i I was at the Preambulating the line between Merrymac and Bedford 
it rained a Considerable and hindred we were very wet we got from the 
Southwest corner of Bedford to Joseph Scobys his house is in Bedford the 
hne touches the southeast Corner of his house 

23'i I pland at the Plan of Plymouth 

34th -^j. Houston assisted Mr Mitchell of Pembrook at his sacrament 

25 and 26"^ I finished Plymouth plan 

27"' I assisted with Col Goffe and Esq"^ Walker a Swearing Number of 
the officers of Col Goffes Rigemeut at Capt John Starks 

28 & 29"' I run lines for Mr Eben' Harris of Dunstable and in the 
Evening I went to Hollis and reed 62 £ old Tenor from Deacon Webster 
and 2 £ old Tenor Intrest for 4 months and I lodged at Esq'^ Cumings 

30"' I took the Collector of Plymouths note for 230 £ a 10 pr Cent Intrest 
being what was due for my last years service beside what I settled before 
and I settled with John Jacobs and paid him off being 7-17-0 or 18V the od 
shillings he alowed for Writing I did for him and I pd him 7 £ in Cash 

JULY 2^1 

John Jacobs set 2 shoes on my Mares fore feet & I pd him 12/ for it 

3<' I went to Pennykook to Swear the Remainder of the Officers of Col 
Goffes Regiment they gave me 9-6-0 old Tenor and I pd my o^vn expense 
in equal club with the officers while we were together my whole expenses 
was 9-15-0 that I pd in Cash and Col Goffe pd all from Pennykook home 

4*'' I arived home in the Evening about Midnight while I was in Penny- 
kook I paid Mrs Osgood what I owed her for Expenses last faull being 4 £ 
and I paid Doctor Carter for }4 ^^ ounce of Heirspeikery I had from his 
wife last September 1-4-0 old Tenor 

6"' I workt at Amosldeg fauUs at a place out against Capt Starks Mill 
with Lieut Stark who workt in Hiigh Stirlings room 

7"' I got 2 bushell of Rie from Lieut Moor for which I paid him 8 £ old 
Ten'' and I went to mill and got it Ground 

9"' I attended to finish the runing the line between Merrymac & Bed- 
ford but was Disappointed by Capt Barron not comeing & in the after- 
noon- I attended an Examining the Claims on John Bells Estate & Jonas 
got a pig from Capt John Moore of Derryfield 

10"' I paid Richard McAUester my Province Rates and John Jacobs did 
as much work for me as come to 1-8-0 old Tenor 

11"' my Wife went to London : derry and rid Richard McAllesters horse 

12"' James Patterson and I catched 2 salmon by drawing And he 
catched Iby drawing and 1 by Setting I had one that weighed 223^£ 



140 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

13*^ I flrawed 2 petitious to go to the General Court relating to fishing 

15"^ I heard Mr Wilson preach in Goffes town in the forenoon from the 
32 Chapter of Deutonomy & 29 verse and in the afternoon from the 19th 
of Saint Lnke and 6th verse 

16"^ I with the other Selectmen spent the day at Mathew Littles make- 
ing money of the invoice and settleing with Several who had borrowed of 
the tax money and Renewing the Notes 

17'*^ I spent the day with my bror in Lp^w William Tolford & his son 
John till near night after they went away I went with Richard McAllester 
to Col Gotfes concerning the province Rate money that he paid Goff e to 
Carrie to the Treasui-er 

18*'* I went over to my mother in laws to see my wife who we heard 
had strained one of her ancles by Widow Boies and tarried there all night 
but when I came there I found the information was not true 

19*'* I came home and was stooped at Capt Duncans by Lieut MacNeill 
and Eldr Robbins on the fishing affair and tarried with them untill Just 
night and I got a Quu-e of paper at William Duncans & pd 30/ for it 

31^' I held a Court between Nathaniel Gearfield Plant and Amos Chase 
Def the case was continued on the plant acct for more Evidence untill 
Thursday the 26th to Capt Walkers at ten of the Clock aforenoon 

22'^ Mr Houston was absent from Bedford and our Heifer took Bull 

.23<i John Jacobs Set 2 shoes on my Mares fore feet and Tho" Russ sent 
me 40 £ old Tenor on acct of part of his Note one 8 £ bill in the Money 
I scruple 

26"* In the morning my boys finished plowing my old field above the 
barn and I went to Capt Walkers to hold a Coiu-t between Gearfield and 
Chase but Gearfield did not appear and was defaulted by Discontinuing 
the Suit 

39'^ Mr Houston was absent from Bedford and went to John Smiths in 
Goffestown to hear Mr Emerson but he did not come and I came to the 
funeral of Capt Barrons son Eliseas in the Evening 

30'** I sent Jonas to Gearfields on an order from James Moor of Bedford 
for 8 bushell of Indian Corn but he got only 1 bushell of Indian and he 
sent one of Rie and I began to Mow at the Little Meadow in the New 
Cleared lot 

AUGUST 5'" 

Mr Houston was absent from Bedford and our Black Cow took Bull 
6^^ I stackt the hay on the New Cleared lott I had 30 cocks on it this 
year being the first year it was Mowed 

7th y\j-Q Stackt the Dispute lott and the spongs on Campbells I had 29 
Cocks in the Dispute lott and 6 in Campbells lott and there was a large 
shower and we came home in trhe afternoon and I swore James Caldwell 
& James Caldwell Junr each to an acct and I di*awed a Coppy of the Peti- 
tion on the acct of the fishing at Amosldeg faulls for Abraliam Meril 
S*'* my boys began to Reap Rie in the field by my brors 
9"* Thos Mathies began to Reap for me at Noon and Reaped on till 
Saterday Night being 2 days and }4 I had 10 Stooks and 10 sheaves of 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 141 

Winter Rie and 4 stooks and 6 Sheaves of Spring Rie in the field by 
uiy brors 

IS*'^ I went to James Mathies in Merrymac and got 1 % Gallon of Rum 
and 1^ a gallon of Molasses and 2 bashell of Indian Corn and pd him 12 £ 
old Tenor £6 for the Corn and 4-10-0 for the Rum and 1-4-0 for the 
Molasses and 6/ for % a bowl of tody and I sent Daniel Kenndall 12 £ 
old Tenor by Matthew Gibson and Tho" Mathies reaped for me I had the 
Corn gi-ound at Capt Chamberlins Mill and I had the Toal 

14"! Tho^ Mathies Reaped for me 

15'^ was a little rain in the morning and Tho^ Mathies went home and 
I went to Loudon : derry and Lodged at my mother in laws 

16"* Rob' Maciuurphy gave me a boar pig that weighed 39 £ and his 
wife gave a Churning of butter I suppose 3 £ and a Chees and Tho^ 
Mathies Reaped for me and I came home and I drawed a Complaint and 
Wart for Mrs Pi-ice against Mrs Hohiis for which and the Supeneas she 
paid me 5-4-0 old Tenor 

17"* I went to Capt Walkers to take some Depositions for John Gibson 
for which I gave him 2 summonses for Witnesses and a Notification to 
the adverse party on the 9th Instant remade up the case and I took none 
and in the Afternoon came on Tryal between Mrs Price and Mrs Holms 
I gave Judgement against Mrs Holms and she appealed and Tho" Mathies 
and his Wife Reaped for me 

19"* Jonas finished Reaping in the luorning I had 37 stooks and 3 sheaves 
in the field before the house all spring Rie and I Carted all in 

20"* I went to Hollis to try to get money from Abel Webster but got 
none 

21^* Abel Webster paid me in paper and Silver to the amount of 90 £ old 
Tenor and I sent my calf to Richard McAllesters to pasture 

22d I butchered a lamb that Weighed 30 £ of Meat 

23'' I mowed part of the day at the little meadow and had my dinner 
and a pewter pint bason and a Checked linnen handkirchief carried off & 
Elizth Patten came to spin at our house 

24"* I drawd an acct for George Addison against his fathers Estate and 
swore him to the acct unpaid 

25"* I paid Ensn Daniel Moor the bottle full of Rum I borrowed from him 
about the first of this month 

30"* I sent Joseph Farmer 5 peistereens and a 40 Shilling bill old Tenor 
and I sent Samuell Barnet forty pound old Tenor pr my John towards 
what I owe Them for what Grain I had off them 

SP*- Tho"* Maclaughlin helped me Mow at the little Meadow 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

I sent Capt John Stark a Moidore by my John and I finished mowing at 
the Little meadow 

3'' I finished Rakeing hay all but one Cock at the little meadow I had in 
all at the meadow this year 205 Cocks the night before there came a frost 
that killed the Corn leaves and pumkin leaves and the night follo"\\ang 
a frost again but not so hard as the night before 



142 MATTHEW TATTEN's DTAEY. 

4*^ I butchered a Ewe that weighed 44 ?4 £ of meat and the boys aud I 
went to the Little meadow aud Stackt cue stack of 31 Cocks aud 13 Cocks 
of another 

5"^ I finished Stacking hay at the Little meadow 

6"^ I began to Mow at home 

7*'* I hunted bees at Samuell Pattersons place but got none 

8^'^ I got 2 bushell of Rie ground at Col Goifes 

9"» Mr Hoiiston was in Goffestown 

10"' I spent the day in drawing Widow Bells acct on her Late husbands 
Estate and Examining the claims on said Estate there has been frost every 
night since the 3d Instant except one which has done gi-eat Damage to the 
Indian Corn as *Ls Generaly supposed and Robt Liveingstou Cut 2 boars 
for me 

- 12"! I made a handle to Capt Walkers hand Saw it began to Rain the 
Night before aud rained all day and all the night following 

13"^ it still continued to rain in the morning and I finished wheting 
a hand saw for John Quig and I went up to Goffestown with Samuel 
Blodget and foimd the West Line of his Farm for which and a Coppy of 
a Vote and a plan of his Farm he gave me the value of a Dollar and 
3 pence over 

14"i In the Evening I went to Joseph McCartney and -svrit a deed from 
The'* Boies to McCartney & and acknowledged it aud a Deed from Joseph 
McCartney and his wife and William Addams of Chester and his wife 
and David Morrison of London : Derry and his mf e to James and John 
Boies The* Boies answers the writing one deed and Joseph McCartney 
gave nie his note for all the other writings being 3 £ old Tenor on Intrest 

15th William Holms and Mrs Price settled their affair and Holms paid 
the Costs the Charge amounted to £ -50-10-0 Holms gave me a Note for 
1(;_1(;_0 old Tenor for my part of the Charge on Intrest 

17th The night before and this morning was a great frost so that the 
ground was somewhat hard 

19^^ was a Training in Bedford aud I took in Supperscriptious to the 
Petition concerning the fishing at Namaskeg and I fined David Willson 
of London : derry for swearing one profane Oath in my hearing 

20"' I fined Robt MacNight lOV for a breach of the peace he paid 7 £ old 
Tenor to the officer and the Guard and the fine and I went to Mr Russes 
and. gave Capt John Stark an order on sd Russ f or 60 £ old Tenor and 
Russ accepted and Endorsed the order 

32'' I had lo^of of butter from Jeau Patterson toward hay that her 
husband is to have from me and Elizabeth Patten went home from Spin- 
ing she came here the 23d of last August and I sowed the bit of Corn 
ground before the Barn with Wheat aud I WTit a Deed from James 
Wallace to Gan Riddell of his place I charged 40/ Gan paid me 20/ and 
Wallace owes the other 20/ yet 

23'' Mr Houston assisted Mr MacGregore at his Sacrament 

24 & 25"' I assisted at makeing the Province and Ministers Rates at 
Matthew Littles our Expenses for these 2 days aud 1 day we were there 
this summer Renewing the Notes of the tax money came to 8-16-0 on the 
25tli I lent Eusn William Blair 2-5-0 old Tenor 



MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 143 

26'^ I recorded the province and ministers Rates and Warrants and I 
paid a peistereen for 2 pounds of hony to Jean Barnett for my mother 

27"^ I cleared up 8 bushell of Rie and 2 of Litchfield Selectmen came to 
treat 'with me about my laying out the road in Derryfield and Litchfield 
and I told them that if I got my money paid quick and without trouble 
I would take 4^4 Dollars but if not I would have as it was Taxed 

28"^ I plowed in the field SW of the Barn and I Cleaned up 8 bushell 
of Rie and a little more 

29"> I settled with Tho'^ Mathies for what he and his wife Reaped for 
me what he Reaped for me came to £ 16-5-0 and what his wife Reaped 
came to }4 ^ bushell of Rie and I paid him this day 3 bushell of Rie and I 
Cleaned up almost 2 bushell of rie so near that the odd quarts yesterday 
would make it wp 2 bushell 

30"' I heard Mr Wikens in Goffes town preach from the .22d of Revala- 
tions and 13th verse and Mr Houston was absent from Bedford 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM SEPTEMBER 30'^ 1764 
OCTOBER FIRST 

I got a steel Trap from Samuell Caldwells uegroe of James Wallace 
which I am to have for my own on my likeing it for 2 Dollars with the 
Chain and I reed 18 £ old Tenor from Col Goffe toward fitting me out 
to go to Veiw the to^^^lship he is aboiit to get Above Coliass and an order 
on Col Baily for what other stores I need 

2^ 1 sowed between 8 and 9 bushell of Rie & some Wheat at the back of 
the hoiise and I reed An order from Robert Walker of Merrymac on 
Samuell Barnet of 4 +5 old Tenor toward a Writ and entry & Tiyal of 
a Case between him and his bror Tho^ 

3<i Matthew Little changed me two Dollars for 12 £ and I settled with 
James Patterson for m.y Expences with him and Lieut Little at Amosldeg 
last spring and I owe them above what fish I let them have 3 : 10 : old 
Tenor my whole Expence was 8 : 18 : and I gave them 27 shad a 4V each 
came to 5:8:0 and I writ an order to Jas Patterson on Robert Walker 
of Merrymac for the 3 : 10 : and I finished sowing Rie I have sowed 9 
bushell and about 26 Quarts yesterday and to day which is the whole of 
what Rie I have sowed this fall and I have sowed more than 3^ a bushell 
of Wheat this faull 

4"' I Carried a Web to my Cousen William Patten to be Wove and I 
proceeded to Boston and Rid all night 

6**^ I deeded away my Right in no 3 on Penobscot River to Samuell 
Treat of Boston Cooper for 25 Dollars and he paid me the money and I set 
out and came to Woburn and lodged at Mr Wymans over Sabath day 

7"' I heard Mr Shearman preach from the 11th of Mat : & 6th Verse & 
Mr Houston was absent from Bedford 

S^^ I arrived home some time after midnight 

9"^ I got 6j'o £ of pork from Thos Boiess "wife att H a pistereen pr £ I 
paid her 8 pistereens and I owe her for }4 £ of pork yet 

10"' I got 3I2 bushell of Rie ground at Col Goffes mill and I had there 
one Jill of Rum & /^' a mug of Tody on Credit 



144 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

ll'h I atteuded the fuueral of William Wliits Juur Wife and I reed 
4^/ old Tenor from John Clerk for a prize Vv^'art and Advertisements I writ 
for William Nutt for a heifer Nutt pounded of Clerks and 40V old Tenor 
from Robert Kennedy being what he owed for some deeds that I put on 
Record for him 

12"^ I went to Londonderry and got ^-^ an ounce of Heiryspickery froiu 
Doctor Thornton and paid him 16^/ and I paid George Duncan all the 
taxes on the Right I owned in no 3 on Penobscut River being two Notes 
one of 46 £ old Tenor it was given at 7 £ pr Dollar and I paid it at 6 £ 
The note was for 6)^ dollars & 10"/ old Tenor it is to be laid before the 
Comtee and I got 100 of Nails from William Duncan and I paid 28V for 
them and I paid Col : Goffe for the ^^ bowle of tody and the Jill of Rum I 
had there on Credit on the 10th Instant. 

13 I spent in fitting to go to the woods which I intend Next Monday 

14th ]y[i. Houston was absent from Bedford 

15"^ I set out in Company with Deacon Robert Walker to go and Veiw 
a township above Cohass that Col : Goffe is geting and arived at Penuy- 
kook and lodged at Mrs Osgoods 

16'^ I lodged at Bowins at Bakers town 

18*'^ Arived at Plymouth 

25th s^Q ggf Q^i from Plymouth to go to Co : os and Campt over Bakers 
River and afterward was Informd that my Mother Departed this Life 
about Midnight after a Considerable Lingering Illness 

26"> It fell a Snow at Bakers River of 7 inches deep Exceeding wet and 
Solid and we built a Camp 

27"' my Mother was intered and we lay by 

28*'^ was Sabath day we lay by 

29th -^g proceeded on oiu" Journey in Company with Mr Locks famely 
and Campt at the 15 mile tree 

30th ^g arived at Co : os and lodged at Maj'' Topplins 

31^' arived at Col : Bayleys and tarried there untill the 7th of November 
in Which time we Made a Logg Canno 

NOVEMBER 7'>> 

set up Connecticut River 

10*'^ we arived at the mouth of Peezumsuck River and Searched the 
laud untill the 16th at Night 

17th The River was Froze so that we could not move our Canno & left 
her in the mouth of Peezumsuck River and Set out on foot for Co : os 

18"' arived at Col: Bayleys 

20"' Came to Maj"' Topplins and lodged there 

21'*t Set out for home and Campt at the 10 mile tree 

24"' arived at Plymouth and lodged at Ensn Hobarts Camp 

28"' Arived home about the middle of the day I was absent 6 weeks and 
3 days we spent about a week in Hunting and we Catched 5 Beaver and a 
Sapple while I was at Peezumsuck River I sold my Traps to John Lahhe 
for a Gun and a pair of Silver Buckles and papuss Beaver skin which 
I got and took his note of hand for 12 saple skins on their face value in 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 145 

money to be paid ou demand with Iiitrest at 10 pr Cent pt annum untill 
pd Which note I left with Maj"^ Toplin of Co : os to Receive for me when 
Lahhe came in our Entertainment at Col : Bayleys and what Provisions 
we Carried out with ns came to 2-3-6 Lawfull money being 7X Dollars 
which he advanced to us on an order from Col : Goffe which acct was 
Settled and Signed a Receipt on the back of the order to the amount of 
2:2:0 Lawfull money and brot a bill from under his hand of the Charge 

DECEMBER FIRST 

I carried some worsted and Woolen yearn to Mrs Marston in Derryfield 
to be Wove Which she promised to Weave in 5 weeks and I got 14 £ of 
Tallow from James Patterson I am to have it at the price it is at Boston & 
I got a worm for my Gun from John Gillmor which he gave me 

3'^ Returned Col : Goffe his Gun that I had out into Woods and Spent 
the day Waiting on him concerning the Discovery we made of the Town- 
ship we went to Veiw 

4 & 5"! I spent at the Raising of David McClures Barn 

6"^ I Cleaned almost 3 bushell of Rie 

7"» I got it Ground at Blaisdells Mill 

8^'^ I Got 3 bushell of Pottatoes from Thomas Boies on Credit 

10"^ I got 10 Tile from Deacon Walker and some broken Brick on Credit 

11'^ I laid the bottom of our Oven' 

13'*^ & 14"^ I got 2 pots mended -svith Each a foot & a beal and my mare 
shod the whole Charges came to 4 : 10 : old Tenor with Daniel Moor 

15"^ I got one bushell of Potatoes from Thos Boies on Credit 

17 1 mended at our Windows and set the Glass in a new frame & sashes 
for the back side bed Room 

18"' Deacon Walker & I Divided our fur I got 5}( £ of Beaver and 
the Deacon got 4)^ and one ounce I had 11 ounces more than him and 
ballanced What Stores we carried into the woods and what money we paid 
out ou our Journey and I had paid 1 : 19 : 8 more than the Deacon beside 
about 2}4 pound of pork I carried from home 

19'^ I borrowed a large Trea heaped full of Rie Meal from Pattersons 
folk and I got 3 bushell of of potatoes from Thomas Boies on Credit the 
night following it snowed a deep snow it has snowed about every other 
day for a Considerable time 

20"* I spent the day on Examining James Little and William Holms on 
their Constableships at Matthew Littles and Mr Houston had desired to 
be with us & altho we sent him word he did not attend and we appointed 
to meet next Wednesday being the 26th and sent Mr Houston word and 
Jonas Cleaned up 5% biishell of Rie 

21'*' I went to Blasdells Mill and Carried 2 bushell of Rie and almost }4 
a bushell of Wheat and had it Ground 

22'! I carried 3)^' bushell of Rie to Blasdells Mill but did not get it 
ground 

24"! I went to Mill and got the Rie I took to Mill on the 22'^ Ground 
and I gave Col Goffe the Commission for Examining the Claims on John 
Bells estate to send down to have it lengthed out 
10 



146 MATTHKW patten's DIAIIY. 

25"' I had ahorse from Col : Goffe and went to Londonderry to my 
Mother in laws 

2(5"' Was a Violent Storm of snow from the N : E : and I lay by 

27"' I Came to Widow Duncans and I p^ot % of a pound of Tea 'o Do. of 
Coffi{! 5 Do of Shu^ar & % ounce of snuff on Credit it came to 7 : 3 : old 
Tenor and came home in the Evening 

28"' I got an Ax from Daniel Moor and John Gillnior that they laid for 
me and I paid Matthew Littles wife a pound of Shugar that my mfe 
borrowed when I was in Derry on the 25"' 

2i)"' W^as a great Storm of Snow 

JANUARY FIRST 17fi5 

on the 2'^ we broke the way to the Little Meadow the snow is more than 
two feet deep and on the first I Carried an iVx to Daniel Moor and Jolm 
Gillmor to be laid 

4"' & 5"' John Kidder had Jonas and my oxen helping him home with 
Hay from the Little meadow on the 4"' I butchered our spotted Hog he 
weighed 7 score 

7"' In the Evening my wife was taken witli Travail pains so that she 
slept but little the night following 

8"' She Continued in pains and I got 5 Quarts & a Jill of Rum from 
Matthew Little the Night following my wife was in sharp pains all Night 
so that she could not ly in bed 

9"' in the forenoon I gathered the Woman and about foiu* of the Clock 
in the afternoon she was Delivered of a Man Child by Deacon Gillmors 
wife as Midwife and Esther Patterson & Hannah Davis sit up with the 
Child the Night following 

10"' Sarah McCurdy came to our house to wait on my Wife and Eliz"' 
Moor and Margret Gillmoor Sit up with the Child the Night following 

11"' I got 2 Qxiarts of Rum from Matthew Little and I went to Widow 
Duncans and got 5 Quarts of Mollasses and a pound of Coffie % of a 
pound of tea and 5 pound of Shugar and 6 pound of Rice on Credit 



on the 7th I attended a meeting at Matthew Littles of the subscribers 
for the township Deacon Walker and I was out this fauU a Veiwing and 
I got an ax that Daniel Moor and John Gillmor Laid for me 

14"' I went to Mr Marstins and got 12'\^' yards of Cloath his wife wove 
for us and I paid her 4-19-0 for weaveing it and 8V old Tenor over that 
she could not give me for want of Change 

1()"' I went to Widow Dunc^ans and got 5 Quarts of Mollasses and a 
Gallon of Rum and 12 Dearning needles on Credit before this John 
Kidder went 4 Days to the meadow for me one day he brot 2 load 

17 & 18"' I brot a load of Hay from the Meadow the Night following 
the 18th it fell a snow of about 7 inches deep 

19"' It drifted vilolently 

21'*' I brot a load of hay from the little meadow 

22 23 24 & 25"' I brot a load of hav each dav from the Meadow 



MA.TTHEW patten's DIARY. 14T 

Se*!^ I brot 2 Load of hay from the Meadow 

28"^ I brot 2 Load of hay from the Meadow which finished I had 16 
Load and a Stack I let Samuell Patterson have of about a Tun and a half 
in it 

29"> I held a Court at Matthew Littles Wherein John Combs of Merri- 
mac was Compt and Brag Wilkins of Amherst was Respondant I took a 
note of Capt Read and Lient Anch-ew Bradford for my fees being 2:9:0 
new Tenor 

30"i I bot a Bushell of Rie from Samiiell Moor and I paid him 1-15-7 
Bay old Tenor toward it 

3P' Jonas got the Rie from Samuell Moor that I bot yesterday and he 
Ground it and I had the Toal for pay 

FEBRUARY FIRST 

I put the handle into an ax for John Kidder and he Cut wood for me 
the while I was doing it and I let Maj Moors son Abraham have one half 
of a Raw Cow hide to string snow shoes to be Settled off in what I owe 
the Maj'' 

4 & 5"^ I strung my Snow Shoes with new Stringing of the other half 
of my Cows skin and I filled an old pair of Bow of Daniel MacMurphys 
for my boys 

6th I -vvent to John Orrs in Goffes town and got a bushell of Rie from 
him I had put a deed on Record for him and we are to settle the matter 
afterwards 

7"' I spent the day at Matthew Littles Examining Richard McAllester 
on his Constableship and with Mr Houston and James Little on his 
Constableship 

gth I went to Ml- Russes and Reed 40-2-0 old Tenor on his note 

gth I "vvent to "Widow Duncans and got 5 Quarts of Molasses 1 pound of 
Coffie 5 pounds of Shugar and a Quire of Paper on Credit they amounted , 
to 9-7-6 old Tenor 

11"* Nathaniel Patterson sowed on a pair of soles on a pan- of pumps 

12"' I went to Maj'' Moors in order to pay him some money he was mll- 
ing to take his money from Abel Webster and I left his note with Maj 
Moor and a line to have him pay the Maj' the money and I tarried at 
Deacon Cochranes over night 

13*'' I bot 4 bushell of Rie from Deacon Cochrane and I pd him 17 £ old 
Tenor and half a Dollar in Silver for it and I sent James Little an 
Almanack 

14"' I got 2 hatts from Deacon William Moore which he brot from Mr 
Nehemiah Rand one of them was Clear Beaver the other was Mixed with 
rakoon 

18"' I sett out to go to Nottingham West to run round the town to find 
the Centre 

27"' I finished the busness 

28"' I got £ 15 of Twine from Mr Gordons shopkeeper a 19/6 pr £ and 
I gave my Note for the money being 1-9-3 Sterling money of Great 
Britan to be paid the first of July with Intrest but if it is paid by the 



148 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

time it is to pay none and I came to Litchfield and tarried at Lieut John 
Parkers 

MARCH FIRST 

I run lines Dividing the Estate between Lieut Parker and his bror 
Alexander for which Alex gave me 3 £ and I would not take anything 
from the Lieut and tarried at the Lieuts that night 

2'i I came home 

4"^ I went to Litchfield to get Grain and Lodged at William Pattersons 

5"^ I got 12 bushell of Indian Corn from William Patterson on Credit 
and I got 4)^ bushell of Rie and )^ a bushell of Indian Corn from Jacob 
Heldreth and I had the Toal of the 13 bushell I had from Patterson and 
Heldreth let me have 6 quarts to make iip the Toal of the 12 bushell 
a bushell for the Rie and Indian I had from Heldreth I pd him 2S-10-0 
old Tenor and what grain I had from Heldreth he took no Toal and 
I swore him to 3 accts and I ^^Tit the Caption and I took nothing from him 
for them and Patterson and Lieut Parker and Gibsons son helped me to 
Lieut Reads with the Meal with their Horses and Lieut Parker got his 
brors Alexanders horse and I got a bushell of Peas from Sam" Gibson on 
his sons Johns acct for what service I did for him last summer in his 
Case with Mr Bradford and Jonas brot my Team & met me at Reads 
ferry and I got it all home 

()"' I had William Barnetts mare and took her as far as Rob* Alexanders 
and then got Lieut Reads mare and went and got two bushell of mishlin 
from William Patterson that he got from Gibson and I got it ground at 
Heldreths and I had the Toal for swearing him to an acct and I paid him 
for half a bushell of Rie that I could not bring away and Patterson owes 
me half a bushell of mishlin on Gibsons acct & Patterson paid Gibson 
Two Dollars for the 2 Bushell and a half of Mishlin and I got 2 bushell of 
Rie from Lieut Read on Esq Underwoods acct and I paid Esq'' Underwood 
a Dollar towards it and I owe him four pounds of it yet and brot the Meal 
and Rie home and had a ewe lamb in the Evening 

In the night of the 7th we had a ewe lambd we see it morning of the 
8th 

10"' In the morning we had 2 lambs 

11'^ I bot 21^ £ of butter from James Little he gave in the % and 
charged 21 £ and I paid him 10 V Bay old Tenor while I was at Notting- 
ham my wife got 1% £ of Butter from James Little and she gave him 
50V old Tenor he gave in the 34 and we had a Ewe lambd 

12"^ In the morning we had a ewe lambd 

14"' John McConohee paid me up the remainder of his note for the 
Meadow lot in the Ash Swamp being a Dollar and 10'/ old Tenor towards 
the Intrest and he gave his note for 3 £ old Tenor being the remainder of 
the Intrest 

15"' I pd James Moor 2-12-6 Bay old Tenor for a bushell of Rie and a 
"biishell of Corn I had from Nathaniel Gearfield on liis acct last Summer 
& I ^vrit Giffins advertisement & a ewe lambd & it died 

Ifi"' I got 3 £ of shugar from Matthew Little and I had a pound this 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 149 

week before and I attended the funeral of Deacon Walkers Daughter 
Sarah 

IS"' I got 1% bushell of Potatoes from Matthew Little and a bushell 
from Deacon Gilhnoor the day before viz 17'^ on Sabathday we had a Ewe 
lamb 

19"i I run lines for Deacon Smith and Matthew McDuffee The most of 
the remainder of this week I knit at the Fly net and ^vriting a letter to 
Mr Houston for the Selectmen 

34"» There fell a Snow about 13 or 14 inches deep and Very solid the 
snow was Very wet 

25"' We had a Ewe lambd in the night before and she had no milk for 
it and we fed it with Eggs and a little milk we got from the other Ewes 
untill the next day and the Ewe had no appearance of milk 

26"' We gave it to Ensign Tho** MacLaughlin 

27'^ was the annual March meeting and I was chose 1st Selectman and 
town Clerk and one of the Fence Veiwers and prizers of Damages and to 
take K of the Invoice The Remainder of the week I spent in Avritiug 

APRIL FIRST 

I spent the afternoon on Examining the claims on John Bells Estate 

2'i I attended the meeting of the new Township and I gave an order to 
the Treasurer for Fergus Kennedy Tho'^ Boies William Barnet and 
Matthew Little that I had reed the Dollar and a half from Each of them 
and I reed a Johanna in money on acct of my being out last faull 

S"! I with the other Selectmen laid out a highway from Strawbury hill 
road between John MacLaughlins and John Bells and continued east to 
the southeast corner of my place where I live and attended the March 
Meeting by adjournment' and after the meeting was over we met at John 
Bells and drawed the Surveyors Warts our Expences Was £ 3 old Tenor 
on this days busness to John Bell 

5"' was the Province Fast Mr Houston preacht one Sermon as I heard 
and I gave Widow Mathies an order on Francis Baruett for a bushell of 
Rie 

6'h I began to Plow and in the afternoon and I went and run round Tho» 
Maclaughhns place where he lives for his Mowing a day for me last hay 
time in the Little Meadow and I writ a letter to Mr Houston to let him 
know how many Sabbathdays the town had voted him away the Ensuing 
year 

7"' Sabathday I sent Mr Houston a line to inform him how many 
Sabathdays the town had Voted him away the Ensuing year by my brors 
daughter Elizabeth 

8"' I began a contrivance to make Ropes for our fly net and in the after- 
noon I attended on examining the Claims to John Bells Estate 

Qth I ^y^it a Summons for John Bell for seven evidences on acct of his 
fathers Estate and I sowed about 14 quarts of peas 

lO"' I had Richard McAlesters horse and I went to Litchfield and I got 
nine or ten Quarts of wheat and a peck of Barly and a bushell of Peas 



150 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

from Jolm Qiiig and I left a Johanna with, him to pay for it and to buy a 
bushell of peas for Richard McAlester he sent a dollar with me for that 
end and I got half a bushell of Early from Gibson and I could not pay for 
it for want of change 

11"^ I went to my bror in laws Alexander MacMiu-phys and lodged 
there that night 

12"^ I came and they gave me a mess of Ells and a Sucker that was 
catched in their wear and a boiling or two of Pork and Alexander 
McColum brot a pah- of shoes for Jonas that Archibald Macmm-phy made 

13"^ I went to Jos Wallace to try to get him for Alexander Macmui-phy 
and I took some part of the Invoice and I sowed the remainder of my peas 
and 59 Quarts of wheat in the cow yard 

lo*'i & 16"^ I spent in Examination of the Claims to John Bells Estate 

17"^ I took up the remainder of my apple trees at Clogstons and I got 11 
Plum trees from Capt Walker and I settled with John Roby on his note 
and I alowed his daughter Lydas wages out of the note and he is to give 
me half a bushell of Peas or the Value of them in other grain and he paid 
me £ 12 old Tenor and I took his note for the remainder of what he owes 
me the price of the Peas is put into the note 

18"^ Our heifer Calved in the afternoon toward night 

19'^^ I went to Goffestowu to measure a peice of land that 2 man for Mr 
Sam^' Blodget and lodged at Tho^ Karr Jun' 

20*'' I finished measuring it and I charged £ 3 Bay old Tenor and Foster 
one of the men pd me £ 1-10-0 the }/2 of it and Tweed the other of them 
owes me the other half yet and I went to the Ceder swamp and cut a fish- 
ing pole and brot it hom 

21**' Mr Houston was at New Boston 

23'! I had Capt Goffes mare and I went to Robt Ushars and I got 5 
Quarts of Molasses from his Wife and I am to pay it in ashes and from 
there I went to Litchfield and I got )^ a bushell of Feed Corn from Will- 
iam Patterson and some quarts of beans which he gave me and I got }4 ^ 
bushell of Mishlin on Sam" Gibsons acct that he was paid for in the win- 
ter and I got the )< bushell of Rie from Heldreth that I bot of him last 
March and he let me have ^^ a bushell of Rie more and I pd him 19^/ in 
silver for it and I had the toal of the ^o bushell of mishlin and I pd 2 
copers for it and Lieut Read gave me a Quart of Wheat to sow and I paid 
Quig a dollar toward the peas and Wheat and barly I had of him 

24*11 I got 4 bushell of potatoes from Tho'* Boies and I paid him 3 dollars 
in the new township affair and I owe £ 4 old Tenor of all the potatoes 
I have had from him this year The whole of what potatoes I had from 
him is 11 bushell came to £ 22 old Tenor and I had William Barnetts 
mare and brot the 4 bushell home and I swore Will'" Barnett to an acct 
and I got something more than }4 a bushell of Turnips from Lieut Moors 
■wife to set out 

25*'' I went to the farm between and new boston and I brot home the 
Nursery I sowed there to set out at home 

26"' I sowed 6 quart pot fulls of wheat and a little more by the Well and 
I planted out the Nursery and I paid Elizabeth Patten 1-7-6 Bay old 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 151 

Tenor Toward her Spining for iis last faiil or Suramer alid I gave William 
McChire a Writ agaiust Cox of Dunstable to be tryecl the 13th of May 

37"^ I borrowed a pair of half Soles from James Patterson and I got 
Nathaniel Patterson to Sow them on and Jonas workt in his room while 
he was doing it 

29"' I had Matthew Littles horse and I went to Litchfield and I paid 
William Patterson 3 dollars toward what I owe him and he gave me an 
order on Widow Russell for a peck of spring wheat which I got and he 
gave me 2 quarts of flaxseed and Harveys wife gave me a quart and 
Whitimore a quart and John Butterfield a quart and Betty Gibson a 
quart and Quig I siippose near 2 quarts and John Parker a quart and I 
came home by the way of Col Goffes \y' 

MAY FIRST 

I sowed a peck of Wheat by the Well and in the Garden and some 
Barley in the garden and James Patterson gave me 2 quarts of flaxseed 
and Lieut Moors wife gave me 2 Quarts and Deacon Gillmors wife gave 
me almost 2 Quarts more there fell a fine rain the ground is well refreshed 
it has been very dry for some time by past & I pd Lieut Moor 40V of the 
Province rates 

2"! I took some of the' Invoice and I got between 2 and 3 quarts of flax- 
seed from Richard McAlester 

S"! the Selectmen reed the preceipt for Amherst and Bedford to Chuse a 
Representative and I di-awed the Wart for Bedford Constable for a meet- 
ing for end to meet at Ensn Daniel Moors barn on Monday the 20th 
Instant at 10 of the Clock forenoon 

4th I carried the Wart to the Constable 

5"' Mr Houston was in Goffestown 

6*'i Daniel Moor made 2 plow plates the one was of my iron and the 
other of his his weighed 1)^ & 3 ounces the charge is 83/ old Tenor 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM MAY 6 1765 

7th jyjy boys and I went to the little meadow and pickt up the Stuff that 
was fell down and mended some at the fence 

8**^ I gave Alex' Orr a Writ against George Cowan 

9 & 10'** I had John McLaughlin Juniors and John Kidders Oxen and 
I plowed the Grass ground above the Barn on the 9th our black Cow 
Calved 

11"^ I finished plowing in the morning and I had John Clogstous mare 
to mill I cleaned up the 2 bushell of Rie I had of Lieut Read last March 
and there was only \% bushell and 10 Quarts and about the 3d of a Quart 
which I took to mill today and John Kidder had Jonas and my oxen more 
than half the day helping him break up 

13"* John Kidder helped me the forenoon and the bigest part of the 
afternoon a planting potatoes & in the afternoon I determined a Case 
between William McClui-e and William Cox they afterwards agreed the 
Case and Cox pd me half the Cost which was 6 pound and McClure 
owes me £ 5-8-0 of the other half he found the writ blank for which I 



152 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

alowed him 13/ liis half was £ 6 also and Mr Cox brot me a Gridtrou that 
he made for me toward m^y being at Dunstable Ruuiug the Lines for 
him in the Controversie between him and Jos Aejrs when the refferies 
determined their affair 

14"^ Jonas and my Oxen helped John Kidder the forenoon and I had his 
oxen in the afternoon and I got 4 pound of hogs fat from Gan Riddell for 
which I pd him 18V Bay old Tenor 

15 & 16"^ I had the Rose on my left Leg and I sweat the loth and Jonas 
had Kidders Oxen and Harrowed the Grass ground I plowed up with 
Pattersons Harrow and on the 16th Kidder had my oxen the afternoon 
Harrowing his new land 

IT'i^ I sowed about 183^ Quarts pot fulls of flaxseed and about 4 quarts 
of Early on our last years Potatoe land and the boys began to Plant Corn 
and this day I did nothing but sowing by reason of my indisposition about 
these days I finished Kniting the fly net weighing about £ 15 of Twine 
and will hang about 92 feet in the Ropes it is in 2 parts 

IS*'^ I butchered the black Cows Calf it weighed £ 34 and I fitted up 
a Pole and bow and I went to Amoskeig Falls and Thos Karr Junior gave 
me a Shad and I left my net in Calys old house 

19th Mr Houston was at New boston 

20"^ I writ a deed from Lieut Moor to Thos Murdough of the half of 
Esqiiire Savages Right & I took the acknowledgement al unpd and I 
attended on a Meeting of Amherst and Bedford to Chuse a Representative 
and was chose Moderator and they elected and made choice of Col John 
Goffe Esqr to Represent said towns in the General Assembly he had 59 
Votes and there was 24 for Capt Barron 2 of the 24 was not good and were 
put in by James Lyon and John Gillmor 

21"' I held a Court between Alex'' Orr Plant and George Cowan Deft 
the Case is Continued untill Tuesday the 11th of June next and I went to 
the Falls and I catched 4 Shad and I gave Rob' Ushar a prize Wart for a 
mare he had pounded and di-awed a Notification for the sale I charged 40V 
old Tenor unpaid it was done at James Cowens Request and Sent by him 
to iishar 

22t' I got a peck of flaxseed from Rob' Walker and I am to pay Richard 
Mc Alester for it and I got £ 4 of hog fat from Tho** Boies Wife and I pd 
her 18V in Bay old Tenor for it and I paid her % Bay old Tenor for half 
a pound of pork I did not pay her for When I got some pork from her last 
fauU 

23'^ I finished drawing a Complaint and Warrant for John Martain 
against Abrham Johnson for an assault and Battery charged £ 5 old Tenor 
unpaid and I went to the fauUs and I catched 29 shad and got them 
home Rob' Walkers boy brot them on his mare to Francis Barnett and 
the boys Carried them from there 

24"! I carried a peck of flaxseed to Tho** Halls for Alexander MacMurphy 
I had it from Rob' Walker and I went to the fauUs and I catched 40 shad 
and I had 10 of them Stole that Night 

25"^ John brot home 58 shad on my brors mare and Richard McAlesters 
boy brot home 69 Shad and I brot home 6 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 153 

27 28 & 29«h I got home 140 and in these 3 days I brot 2 bushells and 
20 Quarts of Salt for which I gave 90 Shad 

30* I went to Amherst and took a number of Depositions for Samuell 
Gray against Solomon Hutchinson and I took his and Col Shepards note 
for £1:7:0 Sterling for my Service 

3P' I came home and jonas got home 20 shad and £ 12 of Salmon he had 
30 shad but I paid Ebe"" Johnson 10 that I borrowed from him on the 29th 

JUNE FIRST 

I got 20 shad 

S^ I catched 13 shad and I got 10 shad from John McConoughy towards 
his Note 

4* I went Amoskeig falls and Col Goffe and I finished the list of Claims 
of John Bells Estate and attested to it before justice Walker and I reed 
the Value of 30V of Silver money from Tho^ Karr Juu' for Tweeds part of 
my surveying the laud he and Foster cleard on Blodgetts farm and I gave 
him the plan and I reed 4-16-0 old Tenor for the Compt & "Wart that I 
drawed for John Martain against Abraham Johnson and I pd Lieut Pate 
3-12-0 old Tenor for 3 pounds of Tobacca and some Expences I was at his 
•house some years ago 

6 7 & 8"> I fished at Amoskeig falls and with what I got before made 
433 shad with the 10 I had off John McConoughy 

9''^ was Sacrament in Bedford 

10th I fished at the falls and got 38 shad 

11th Went to Matthew Littles to hold a Court between Alex"^ Orr Plant 
and Geroge Cowen Deft and Continued the case till next Monday at ten 
of the Clock a forenoon and I went to John Bells and Writ a Deed from 
Rob' Giffin to Sam" & John McConoughy and notes. &c and charged 
Giffin 20V and McConoughys 28V and John paid me a pistereen and Giffins 
part unpd 

12th J got 9 shad 

13th I and the rest of the Selectmen spent in drawing Warts to the 
surveys of Highways to repair Piscataquog Bridge and about jenny Cons 
Child 

14th I carried McDuffie his Wart and and sent Ens^^ Moor his by my 
bror Sam" and in the afternoon I went to Mr Russes to meet the partners 
of the place called the Gallos we settled the charge was £ 85-10-0 old 
Tenor came to £ 9-10-0 each old Tenor and I am to pay my part to Moses 
Sentar and I tarried at Mr Russes over night at free cost 

IS'h before I came away I Acknowledged a Deed for Mr Russ which he 
gave his son james and I Writ an Acquitance from him to his fathers 
Estate and Acknowledged it and would take no pay because he keept me 
over night at free cost and I came and fished at our new seting place in 
Company with Stillson Eastman for Sam" Richards and I got 8 shad and 
half a salmon and 3 shad I got the Evening before and one before I Joyud 
with Eastman made 12 in all 

17'h I Attended to hold a Court by adjournment between Alex' Orr and 
George Cowen it was to held by at ten of the Clock in the forenoon and 



154 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

we waited till near two o Clock and tlieii called the case and Orr not 
appearing was Defaulted and I got Mathew Littles horse to go to Haver- 
hill for grain and I went and lodged at my Mother McMiirphys 

18"^ I went to Haverhill and hot 8 bushell of Corn from Osgoods man 
and filled it into 4 bags and I brot 4 bushell of it away and I left 4 bushell 
of it there in two bags and I came and lodged at my Mother McMurphys 

19"i I came to Alex'' McMurphys and he gTound the 4 bushell and I 
came home 

20* I filled 6 blank Deeds for Capt Karr and went to meet him to 
Piscataquog bridge according to appointment but he did not come and 
I went to the Falls and brot home my two long Net poles home 

21'*' James Patterson & I began to bore in the Rock between the Pulpit 
and Sullivans point to make a place to fish we Drilled one hole of 20 inches 
Deep next to the Pulpit and another toward the point of near 4 our 
Expences was lOV old Tenor we had John Gillmors Drill and hand hanier 
and we was 2V old Tenor of f erriag at Halls 

22<^ James Patterson and I went to work at the same place at Amoskeig 
we borrowed a hornfull of Powder from Deacon Gillmor and we borrowed 
a Drinking glass almost full of powder from the Company that was blow- 
ing on the East side (viz) Sani^i Dickey and Com. and we made a fine 
blast on the point below the pulpit our Expences was lOV and 1 V for 
ferriage 

23'^ oiu- Heifer took Bull with Math^" Littles bull and Mr Houston was 
at New boston 

24*'! I went to Deacon Walkers and we drawed our acct of oiu- being out 
last faull to lay before the Comtee and I sent by james Patterson to 
Boston for several Articles and sent ooV Bay old Tenor and £5% of 
Beaver 

25*'! I spent the day for John Bell in Drawing his administration acct 
and other -svi-itings relating to it all day and I got a jDair of pinus that 
Samuel Patterson made for me and some Cabage plants from John Bell 

26* our black Cow took Bull with Math^^' Littles Bull and I got a large 
boil of ash in the west end of the School lotts to make a dish 

28 & 29* I went up to Goffestown and Measured the land that Elexr 
Wells sold to Sam^i Huse for which he gave me a Dollar for it and I ■\\Tit 
the Deed from Wells to Huse & acknowledged it for which Huse gave me 
lOV old ten'' and I lay at Aaron Wells and on the 29th I run lines awhile 
for Eleazr Wells and I acknowledged a Deed for him and another for 
Moses Wells for which they paid me 39/s old Ten' and I acknowledged 
another for Elear for which he paid me 20/s and I measured a peice of 
land that John Ordway sold to Mr Rowel aiid did some toward Dividing 
the lot Rowel lives on between him and Capt Wells for which he gave me 
a bushell of Meal and }£ a Peistereen and I came home in the Evening 
and Moses Wells boy brot the meal as far as Deacon Gilhnors 

JULY FIRST 

I went into woods and I got a knot for a dish and Stuff for 3 Treas of 
Poplar & for 4 Scoop net bows and fell two White Ash trees 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 155 

2'' I made tlie bows and one Trea and I went along witli John Bell to 
Spaldiugs in Merryinac to assist him against his Mother Bell who pros- 
ecuted him for lying on her we tarried all night but got no sleep and 
I got home after Sun rise 

3'^ I got John McLaughlin jimrs Horse and I went to Londonderry and 
I brot home the 4 bushell of corn I left in Haverhill on the 18th of jime 
last Rob* McMurphys John brot it to their house and he ground it and 
I left 2 bags and 6:6:0 Mass old Tenor with him to send to Haverhill to 
buy Corn for me and james Patterson brot me 2 hats from Mr Nehemiah 
Rand and he paid him 3 dollars and he brot me X pound of Rice }^ £ of 
peper a quire of paper a bottle of snuff 1)2 £ of powder and 3 £ of shot 
the Beaver I sent brot 11 £ Bay old Tenor and 55/s Bay old Tenor I sent 
by him in cash Which money bot the several Ai'ticles and the Dollar he 
paid Mr Rand and 2/9 Bay old Tenor over 

4'^^ I paid James Vose the bushell of Meal that I borrowed of him on the 
25th of last may and I married John Vickere & Hannah Davis 

5th I -^^Tit a Deed from old Mr Vickere to his two daughters viz Phebe 
Vose and Hannah Vickere I charged 40/s old Tenor unpaid and I writ a 
deed from Math^^' to Maj' White of No 13 in the 4"^ rang sold for Tax 
May 1^' 1759 and Capt Lovewell came and Summoned me to appear at 
Mathies in the afternoon and I got my brors mare and went there and 
tarried all night The case was between Elnathan Blood Compt & Abel 
Webster Respt they agreed the affair a little before the break of Day 

6"^ I came home about 9 a Clock in the morning I gave in my fees to 
be Cleared in the house and in the afternoon I attended at Math^''' Littles 
on the Comitee for Examining Deacon Walkers and my Accts of our being 
out last fauU and I took the aclaiowledgement of the Deed I \\T.'it the day 
before from Math«' Little to Maj'' White 

7*^ Mr Houston was in Goffestown 

9'^^ I finished makeing thi-ee Rakes for John Thomas and I finished 
makeing a little Trea 

10*'' I went to Litchfield and attested before justice Underwood that the 
Claims to John Bells Estate was returned in old Tenor to the judge 

11*'^ I helped to lay a Hair Rope for our fly nett I found the hair ready 
teazed and james Patterson and Thomas McLaughlin Span it and helped 
to lay it it was 24 yards long I fitted considerable at the Corks 

12"' I turned at the Corks about % of the day and about the Middle 
of the afternoon I went to Capt John Moors Barn Raising 

13"^ I worked about }-2 the day and finished the Corks being 54 in Num- 
ber and I drawed a journal of Deacon Walkers and my journey to an at 
Peezumsuck last fall and tended on a Comittee to Examin our accts but 
we could not agree two of them would at length have alowed £ 150 Each 
old Tenor and found our Selves which we refused 

14tii yij. True preached in Bedford for Mr Houston and he preached for 
Mr True 

15"' the night before we had our heifer ly out alone she came to the 
cattle about 1 1 o Clock in the forenoon 

16"' I pd John Bell 6 sheets of paper I borrowed from him this Summer 



156 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

and I Married Dr Beuj Tiffeuy and Sarah Karr in the Evening and in the 
day I fell a White Ash beyond the meeting house and yesterday & today 
I got Stuff home for five Treas 

l?!^*^ James Patterson and Tho^ Maclaughlin and I Tyd on our fly net 
as far as we had rop 

18"^ I had John MacLaughlins horse and I went to Rob' McMurphys 
and got 4 bushell of Corn that his John brot from Haverhill for me I left 
the bags and £ G-6-0 Bay old Tenor on the 3d Instant with Rob' to buy it 
and I left £ 5-15-0 Bay old Tenor and two bags with his wife to send to 
Haverhill for 4 bushell of corn more and I brot the corn to Alex'' McMur- 
phys and tarried over night 

19"' I helped him at framing his Mill and getting some sticks out of the 
pond and he ground the Corn and I came home in the Evening 

22<i I made 6 Corks and helped with Tho^ McLaughlin near % the day 
in finishing hanging our fly net and I went to Matthew Littles to settle 
with John Little and James Patterson for my Expences at Amoskeig this 
Spring and I was £1-16-0 old Tenor in their book and altho I settled with 
Jas Patterson for my last years Expences it was not Crost out till this day 
I got it done 

23 & 24'^ I made at some Treas and on the 24th I sent Joseph Farmer 
the 7 £ I owed him for Rie I had from him fall was a year by my John 
I purpose to alow him for waiting for it 

25"' I with the other Selectmen Examined William Holms on his 
Constableship for the year 1762 and he Rendered acct of his whole Col- 
lections except 4-13-0 old Tenor for which he gave his Note and we gave 
him an acquitauce and we signed over his note to Mr Houston and 
Examined Richard MacAllester on his Constableship for the year 1763 
and found he has paid to the Selectmens order 160-2-3 and to Mr Houston 
-667-13-0 and the province Rates being 901-9-0 being in the whole 
1729-4-3 and there remains due of his Lists 402-5-0 

26"' I recorded the March meeting Wart & Votes and the Sherriffs Writ 
and Wart for a meeting on it and the Votes of the meeting 

27"' I was out of Case and got Sweat 

28* Mr Houston was in Derryfield 

29* I went as far as Mr Halls to go and see Capt Karr but heard he 
was not at home and returned home 

30* wTit him a letter 

31st I ^q\^^ Capt Walker to go to Capt Karrs for me and see if he would 
come to any agreement with me who carried the Letter I A\Tit him yester- 
day and jouas went to work for Capt Walker for his going for me to Capt 
Karrs and we began to reap the Barly between and the barn 

AUGUST 

1^' I began to mow at the little meadow 

2'! My bror Sam" went oiit without my knowledge to borrow money for 
me to pay Capt Karr he got the promise of 70 or 80 dollars in two months 

3'i I sent a letter to Capt Karr by my John and I had one pair of james 
Pattersons oxen and Kidders oxen helping me to draw fenceing Stuff for 



isrATTHEW patten's diaey. 157 

a Cow yard fence and I ^^Tit a Wart for a town meeting to be held the 
16th Instant at 2 of the Clock in the afternoon 

5th I g.Qt, a quart and half a pint of Rnni from John Bell and I and jonas 
mowed in the Burnt lot and Raked up 13 Cocks and John shaked out and 
helped Rake 

5th gth 7th & gth Workt at getiug hay cheifly at the Little Meadow and 
finished reaping what Winter Wheat we had there was 7 Stooks of it 

9'h I had Gan Riddells mare and went to Rob' McMurphys and lodged 
all night there he sent the money and the bags (that I left with his wife 
on the ISth of July last) with Major Tolford to Haverhill & he bot 4 
bushell of Corn for me and got it brot to Capt Littles and Rob' MacMurphy 
sent his son Rob' for it and brot it to his house 

10"^ he sent his Son Wm with me to Cannada to help me along with it 
and I got it ground at Col Goffes and my boys finished Reaping our 
Barly and got it and the Flax into the barn we had between 3 & 4 stooks 
of barly and I finished Reaping the Spring Wheat in the Cow yard there 
was 3 Stooks and 3 Sheaves of it 

nth ]y[p Houston was at New boston 

12"' We catched 3 salmon I got one that weighed 21 £ which made us 
Even as McLaughlin & Patterson said and we began to Reap Rie 

13 & 14"^ Rob' Giflfen helped me to Reap we Reaped above the Barn and 
some in the south peice and had in these two days 22 Stooks and 
11 Sheaves and on the 14th Deacon Smith and his son james and Samuell 
Patterson on their acct mowed my norwesterly lott in the Squar in the 
Little meadow & the Deacon came down at Dinner time and told me and 
I sent John to the Meadow in the afternoon and Shaked it out on the 13th 
I killed a lamb that weighed £ 24)^ 

14th -yy-Q Reaped and finished the south peice above the barn We had in 
both the peices above the barn 25 stooks 

16"' in the forenoon the boys and I Raked the hay on the lott that 
Deacon Smith Moyed and in the afternoon I attended on a town meeting 
called at Mr Houstons Request and we gave Fergus Kennedy an order on 
John McLaughlin Junr Constable for 40V old Tenor being what was 
Rated on his mare in the year 1762 and was since Voted off 

17"^ I finished Reaping Wheat I have of spring Wheat this year 12 
Stooks and 5 Sheaves I reaped 6 Stooks & 2 Sheaves today and I went to 
the meadow and Cocked up the hay that Deacon Smith mowed 

18"' it began to Rain in the fore part of the day and Continued untill 
Next morning it Rained a great Quantity it has been the first Rain this 
5 or 6 weeks of any Quantity 

19"' We Reaped in the field by my Brors 

20"' I gave James Lyon a Summons for Deacon Smith and Math™' 
McDuffie and a Notification to james McMujphy the adverse party the 
Depositions to be taken on the 29th and we Reaped 

21« I butchered a lamb that Weighed £ 3)^ and we finished Reaping 
I had 22 Stooks and 1 1 Sheaves in the field by my brors 

22'' William Barnett helped me to Mow at the Little meadow for some 
hay I let him have last Spring and John Kidder mowed for me also & my 



158 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

boys brot in the Rie from the field by my brors and I got a Qnart and half 
a pint of Rum from John Bells wife 

23'! My boys and I Raked 42 Cocks 

24* was a Rainy day and I drawed a Compt & Wart for Cornet Graham 
of Amherst against John Cole of sd town for lying & 4 siibpaens came to 
7/4 LaA\'full money nnpaid & jonas began to Thrash Rie 

25"^ INIr Houston was in Goffestown and Capt Karr sent me a letter by 
James Patterson 

26*'^ I sent Capt Karr an Answer by my John and I went to the meadow 
and Turned the hay on the East Side of the brook and I began to mow in 
McClary Lott and Col Goffe returned two Writs to be tryd next Thursday 
at John Bells 

27^'^ I Cleaned up near 6 bushell of Rie being the first I Cleaned up of 
this years Groath jonas thrashed 5 Stooks and what Shelled in pitching in 
the Barn 

29*'^ I begun to thrash at our Peas 

30*'^ I cleaned up two bags full 

31^' I went to Col Goffes along with Capt Leigh of Portsmouth and 
Acknowledged the deed I gav to John Orr of the lots no 1 and 11 in the 
6'^^ Rang and I finished mowing at the Little meadow and he paid me 
3 £ old Tenor for takeiug the acknowledgement of a deed from my bror 
Sam" to sd Orr & putting it on Record 

SEPTEMBER 

3'' I flrawed a Compt & warrant for james Cowen against james Thomas 
& William Allds Jun'' there was 7 Subpeneas came to 8/4 proclamation 
money unpaid and I sent a letter pr Col Goffe to the Governor for my pay 
for surveying in the year 1750 and I drawed an Advertisement for a 
proprs meeting of Sowhegan East to be held the 29th of Ocf next and 
I cleaned up better than a bag fiill of peas and finished Rakeing hay at 
the Little meadow 

3'^ John & I Stacked the burnt lott there was 32 Cocks of it and poled 
the Dispute lott Except 10 or 11 Cocks and the lot Deacon Smith mowed 
all but 10 Cocks and the wind chekt to the Eastward Exceeding quick and 
came on a Rain 

4 & 5*'^ was Cloudy weather and on the 4th I got 4 bushell of Rie gi-ouud 
at Col Goffes mill 

6''i I cleaned up three bags full of peas 

7"' I finished cleaning up our peas we guessed that we had 16 or 17 
bushell and I cleaned up 26 quarts of flaxseed & John and I went to the 
Little Meadow and Stacked the hay on the Dispiite Lott being 32 Cocks 
and 29 Cocks on the Lott that Deacon Smith mowed for me and William 
Patterson of Litchfield came to me on Lieut Jacob Heldreths acct and 
I gave him a Summons for 5 Witnesses to be taken at Gearfields on 
Thursday the 12th Instant 

9"^ I Cleaned iip 38 quarts of flaxseed and jonas and John & I went to 
the meadow and Stacked the hay on McCleary lott being 30 Cocks and 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 159 

28 on the East side of the brook and 20 on the West side of the brook and 
poled the Remainder being 21 or 23 Cocks 

10"^ the boys finished plowing the peice between the house and barn 
and John and I went to the little meadow and finished Stacking I had 193 
Cocks in the Little meadow this year and Jonas thrashed a Stook of 
Winter Wheat and my Wife cleaned it up and there was a bnshell and 
a peck of it 

nth I ys^it a Deed from me to David McCleary of the 3d Division no 67 
and a Deed from him to me of the Meadow lott no 67 and I got £ 5 of hogs 
fatt from Tho** Boies Wife on Credit and I run Unes in the afternoon for 
Gan Riddell and I brot his mare home with me to go to Mr Gordons shop 
in Dunstable the next morning before day but when I came home my 
wife was Very much oiit of Case she was taken about the middle of the 
day very suden 

13*"^ I cleaned up 2 bushell and a peck of winter Wheat and I had Gan 
Riddells mare and went to Mr Gearfields and took 4 Depositions for Lieut 
Jacob Heldreth and I lodged there over Night 

13'^ The sun about an hour high I sett oiit for Mr Gordons and I got 
there 2 iron pots 4 £ shugar a box of snuff done up in paper 1-4 of peper & 
a 34 of alspice and a paper of needles and a Quii'e of paper and I gave him 
a Dollar and I came to Mr Gearfields & I took one deposition more for 
Mr Heldreth and I ^vrit the Captious and am to be paid in Corn and I 
came home about sun set & sent home Gan mare and my boys took our flax 
to Mr Caldwells yesterday and they spread it there yesterday & today 
the night before there was a great frost 

• 14th The last night there was a gi'eat frost again and I sowed a bushell 
and 3 pints of Wheat on the pea ground between the house and barn and 
I took a bushell of winter Wheat to Col Goffes mill and got it ground & 
I had what was in the shop and I am to Make it up again 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM SEPTEMBER 14 1765 

16"^ I plowed in the forenoon in the Corn land above the Barn and 
Jonas plowed in the afternoon & I cleaned up 3 bushell of Wheat 

17"^ I butchered a lamb that weighed £ 43 & I finished cleaning up my 
muter Wheat I had about 8 bushell in all this year and I got a Gallon of 
Molasses from Madam Goffe on Mr Rands Acct on Credit and I got 
a Gallon of Rum from Samuel Voses Wife 34V whereof he owes me for 
Recording four of his childi-ens names in the town book and the rest 
I owe him 

18"^ Margret Gillmoor Margret Boies Nancey Little Susanna McAllester 
Sarah Currier Margret Wallace Mary & Ann Scobey and Rachel Barron 
Broke our wool 

19"^ I had John Clogstons mare and I went to Loudon derry and 
Chester to Settle the order that Capt Karr Gave james Cocliran on me for 
a Hogshead of west India Rum Which came to £ 347-15-0 old Tenor and 
I lodged at Maj'' Tolfords 

20"> jean Tolford gave me a half Johanna Equal to 8 Dollars and I came 
to james Cochrans and I paid him the 8 Dollar peice of Gold that I got 



160 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

from jean Tolford aud I gave him my note for £ 15 proclamation money 
on Demand with Intrest till paid and I promised to pay the Intrest he 
paid to Major Tolford aud came home in the Evening 

21'** I sowed a bushell and about 6 quarts of Wheat above the Barn and 
I lent Lieut Moor half a bushell of Winter wheat to be paid in spring 
Wheat and I got a bushell of Wheat ground at Col Goffes mill 

22*1 Mr Houston was in Derryfield 

23'! I got a pair of half soles from Capt Barron aud I cleaned up 7}-i 
bushells of Rie and began to sow Rie in the field before the house 

24'^ I finished Soweing the field before the house I sowed 6)4 bushell 
<& about 5 Quarts on it and Sam^i Patterson sowed on a pair of Soles on 
my pumps I cleaned up 4 bushell and a half and 4 Quarts of Rie and I 
sowed 10 quarts and half a pint of Wheat in the peice of Ground by the 
Well makes some more than 2 bushell and a half about a quart and 1 pint 
of wheat that I sowed this year 

25'^ I set out for Chohass to help to lay out Peirmont and arived at 
Pennykook and lodged at Mrs Osgoods & I borrowed 1 pound and the 
weight of 6 spoons of pewter from Deacon Gillmors -wife 

26"^ I reed 12 £ old Tenor from Mrs McMillan that Col Goffe left for me 
and I bot some Pork and other things I wanted for to carrie me over the 
woods and I arrived at Baker town and Lodged at Calls 

27"i I arived at Lieut Bro\vns in Plymouth and Lodged there 

28*'^ It Rained all the fore part of the day in the afternoon I arived at 
jotham Cumings the uppermost house in Plymouth and Lodged there 

29"^ vv'as Sabath day and I had a Sore on the Sole of my right foot that 
I was lame with and lay by 

30'^ I set out and got a little more than 3 miles beyond Baker river 
Falls in the new road and I Campt and Col Greeley Esqrs Webster & 
Bartlett and one Page came to me and Campt with me 

OCTOBER 

l^t I arived at Cohass about one or 2 o Clock in the afternoon Lodged at 
Mr Atkinson in Haverhill 

2"^ I went to surveying in Piermont 

21'*' I finished laying out what was proposed to be laid out 

22<i we got our things and some provisions to last us home got to Mr 
Ladds the last house on our way in Coos 

23'! Set off early in the morning and Arived at Capt Brainards Camp 
in Rumuey 

24"! we came a Mile on this side Smiths River 

25"^ we arived at Pennykook and lodged at Mrs Osgoods Lieut Martains 
Expences and mine there were £ 5 

26*^' I came home in the Evening 

27"^ Was Sacrament in Bedford 

28*^ I acknowledged a Deed I gave to Ebenezer Hacket of a peice of 
Land by Joseph Kennedys and I writ a Deed from Mr Houston to Gan 
Riddell and I took the acknowledgement the Deed I ^vrite and a Deed 
from Riddell to Mr Houston all unpaid and David McCleary and I 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 161 

Exchanged the Deeds of the 3d Division no 67 and the Meadow lott no 67 
and Col Goffe took the Acknowledgement and I sent the Deed McCleary 
gave nie with his son David to send it to the Records 

29"^ I spent the forenoon fitting the lists for makeing the Rates the 
afternoon I attended on a Proprietors meeting of Souhegan East and in 
the Evening the Selectmen went to Math^ Littles and we sit up almost, 
all night a makeing at the Rates 

30ti» I spent all the day at it 

31^' I finished the makeing and Recording them and I sent the lists to 
the Constables in the Evening we had 3 mugs of flip and a jill of Rum 
and 7 meals of Victuals at Matthew Littles 

NOVEMBER STAMP ACT 

P' I butchered a Ewe that weighed £ 48^0 of meat and John Bell brot 
me two poimds of Tobacca from Portsmouth I sent a peistereen with him 
for it 

2<i I sent and boiTowed John Bells Cart and went to Ensn Daniel Moors; 
mill and I got l^g biishell and qt of Winter wheat ground being the last 
I had and 5 bushell 14 qts of Rie gi'ound they ground it all Toal free 

5"i Was a training in Bedford and I ^vrit an Instrament between the 
Selectmen of Goffestown and Robert Spear and Charged 30V old Tenor 
and alowed John Orr to Receive it toward the Remainder of a bushell of 
Rie I had from him last Winter 

6th I ^f^i^ 4 Advertisements for John Bell for the sale of his fathers; 
Estate and his own place in New boston and one the 7th I went to Sam'* 
Pattersons and got him to mend my Shoes 

gtii I went to Goffestown to arbitrate between james McGregore and 
Timothy Ferrin and Sam" Richards they settled the affair themselves all 
but the Charges and Ferrin and Richards is to pay me £ 3 old Tenor each 

XQth Mr Houston preached in Londonderry for Mr McGregore who 
was in Boston 

ll"i I went to Goffestown and Run the lines Round Blodgets Farnz 
and I got half a pound of Powder and a pound and half of shot and. 
a paper of pins up in part of my pay they come to 18/6 Bay old Tenor and 
there is 26/6 Bay old Tenor comeing to me yet for my service 

12"' I spent part of the day a planing of Piermont and about )^ of it 
I spent along -with Wm Blair at Matthew Littles & I borrowed a pound 
and 3 ounces of tallow from Capt Goffes wife 
13"^ I planed all day at Piermont plan 

14'ii being Thursday was Thanksgiveing Throughout the Pro\'iuce by 
the Govrs Proclamation 

15 & 16"! I workt at the Plan of Piermont 

18"' I finished the plan and Carried to Col Goffe and the acct of my 
Charges and in the Evening I Vendued the Estate of John Bell deed and 
John Bells Estate in New boston 

19*'' was a proprs meeting of Sowhegan East by adjoiirnment and we 
adjourned it further untill the first Monday in Decbr next to ten of the 
11 



162 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

Clock iu the forenoon and Lucy Barron finished, niakeing a Diiblet for me 
Avhich she began^the day before 

20*^^ I went along with Capt Allds and Run the lines for him round the 
liome lott no 73 unpaid 

21^' I had James Pattersons horse and John Bells mare and I and my 
"Wife went to Londonderry to her Mothers and lodged there that night 

22'^ I came home and I got 3 bushells of Salt from Jonathan Chamberlin 
toward my Surveying and Drawing Plans &c for him years agone and 
I sent the two horses home in the Evening 

:23'i jouas and I cleaned the Remainder of what Rie I had there was 
■what Rie was on 20 Stocks and 6 sheaves I did not measiire the Rie but 
I suppos there will be about 20 bushell of it and I Rectified my Compass 

24th ]y[j. Houston was in Derryfield 

25tii I -writ 4 Advertisements of the adjournment of the Proprs meeting 
of Sowhegan East and I had John Clogstons Oxen and Capt Goffes Cart 
and I brot a load of Hay from the little meadow 

26'^ I workt at a head for my Surveying Staves and I workt the night 
l^efore untill past midnight and I -WTit a Wart for the Constable to warn 
Jenny Conn out of town and she threw herself on the town for Releiflf 

27"* I finished my Surveying Staves and I went to David Moor and he 
Lsoled my pumps of his own Leather and thread and set a patch on the 
side of one of them and Charged 14V Silver old Tenor and I paid him six 
of it and I owe him eight or 2^ of New Hamp' old Ten' 

28"* I went to Dunstable to Run lines by an order of Court the land lys 
in Hollis Squire Lovewell appeared for one party and Jonathan Blanchard 
for the other and I tarried over night at Squire Lovewells 

29 & 30"' I was on the same bussiness but did not finish and I came home 
on the 30th being Saterday 

DECEMBER FIRST 

my mfe came home Will'" Morrow brot hor from her mothers as far as 
Eobt McClures and she came home from there on foot 

2"* I attended a proprietors meeting in sowhegan East and I was cho^e 
with Lieut Thomas Barns and my bror Sam^i to Exaniin accounts and I 
w^as also chose -with Col Goffe and Capt Barron to Sell a peice of land lying 
in Merrymac between Tho" Vickerys and janies Gillmors and Capt Barron 
and I sent a Wart to John McLaughlin to warn Aguess Dallryniple out 
of town 

3<i I went along with Ensn Blaii- and Showed him my farm iu Goffes- 
town the Night following there fell a Snow of a foot deep 

4"" I went along with the Oxen and Sled to Ensn Moors Mill and brot 
home the 4 bushell of Meal that jonas took there yesterday on Ensn 
Blairs Horse 

5^^ I Cleaned at our spring Wheat 

6"! I could not get it quit Clean but prety near I did not Measure it 
but I suppose there is eight bushell and I Butchered a little poor lamb 
I did not weigh it 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 1G3 

7"' I went to the Meadow and brot home the Remainder of the Stack 
that I broke on the 25th ult 

gth jyir Houston was in New boston 

10*'i I workt at the Slates for a break and Roims for a Rack for our 
sheep and I compleated a Deed that I ^\Tit yesterday from Matthew Little 
to John Little and I offset the charge of With John Little for my last 
springs Expences with him and Patterson at Amoskeig which was 36/ old 
Ten' and we alowed the one to answer the other and yesterday I wnrit 
a Deed from James Vose to John Vickery not paid and I charged it on 
book (viz) 20V old Ten' to Each of them 

11*'^ Alex' M^cMurphy came for me and I went vnth. him to Tho^ Halls 
who is now Regualer in his Sences and I tarried there all night 

12''^ I came home in the fore part of the day and I sent an ax to John 
Gillmor to get laid that weighed £ 4 & 2 ounces 

14"' John Gilhnor laid my ax he put in 7 ounces of Steel and when he 
had done it before it was ground it weighed only one ounce more than it 
did before he began to lay it he burnt it so much in the fire 

16'^ I got 10 bushell of Rie and a bushell and half of Indian Corn from 
John Clogston which I am to settle for between him and Lieut Bradford 
and I took it to Ensn Moors Mill and got it all ground into Meal and got 
it all home in the Evening 

17th I ^vrit 3 letters one to Squire Lovewell and another to Jonathan 
Blanchard concerning surveying for them pr order of Court and another 
to Mr Cox of Dunstable for a Draiight Chain 

20"' the boys brot a load of hay from the meadow 

2P' I brot a load myself 

22*1 Mr Houston was absent from Bedford he set out last week for Pel- 
ham biit Mr Wilkins was in Bedford in his Room 

23<^ 24"' & part of the 25 I lay by by reason of a swelling on my left 
Cheek which broke and run in the Evening of the 35th I attended at 
a meeting of the township of Dartmouth 

26"' I set out for Ensn Parkers in Hollis in order to buy some beaf and 
I lodged at Cousen William Pattens 

27"' I got to Ensn Parkers and lodged there at night 

28"' I bought an Ox from Ensn Benjamin Parker for £ 50 Bay old Ten' 
and I gave him my note to pay him in three months free of lutrest but if 
not paid then to draw Intrest from that time till paid and I came home 
with the Ox 

30"' I borrowed 35 board nails from Squire Rand 

31«' Lieut John Moor helped Me to butcher the Ox which Weighed 
£618 of Beaf and 86 of a hide and 43 of Tallow and I cut it up and my 
Wife Salted down a barrel of the best of it in the evening and I borrowed 
a quart bottle full of Rum from my neighbour Samuel Currier 

JANUARY FIRST 1766 

We salted up the remainder of our beaf and I got a quart and half a 
jill of Rum from Squire Rand it began to Snow in the fore part of the 
day moderately very fine but Exceeding Cold and snowed all the night 
following 



164 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

2^ it Snowed all day and the wind very high it abated snowing a little 
before night it is nigh a foot deep of this falling 

3^^ I pd Currier the Rum I borrowed the 31st iilt 

4* I broke out to the Little Meadow and brot home the bottom of the 
Stack in the Northwest Corner of the Squar 

6^^ I got a £ of Snuff that The* Boies brot from Boston for me he laid 
out his own Money for it 

7"^ I borrowed almost 20 fulls of our large Shugar box full of Corn from 
James Patterson and I lent him 10 full of it of E,ie 

8*'^ I fetched a load of hay out of the stack on McCleary lott 

9"> I took 8 bushell of Rie and the Corn I borrowed fronj jas Patterson 
and got it ground at Ensn Moors mill 

10"' I brot 2 load of hay from the Meadow the night following it began 
to Rain 

11"' It Rained hard in the morning but abated a While up in the day 

13"' I brot a load of hay from the Meadow 

14"' I brot a load of hay and I let Thomas Boies have a bushell of Peas 
and Deacon Walker and I waited on the Commitee of Dartmouth for 
Examining accts but could not settle our affau-s 

15"' I butchered our two Hoggs which weighed 300 and we salted them 
down in the Evening one weighed 160 and the other 140 

16 & 17"' was Exceeding Cold on the 16th I went to Matthew Littles 
and I \\Tit a Deed from Capt Karr to John Patee and both paid me 

20"' I brot two load of hay from the meadow 

2P* was a Rainey day 

22'' Lucy Barron came here to work and I got o quarts of Molasses and 
a puding pan from Esquire Rand the molasses was 3-15-0 and the pan 
was 16V old Tenor unpaid 

24"' brot a jagg of hay from the meadow 

25"' I shod my sled and put in a New Spear and Rowler and New Slats 

28"' I went to Ensn Moors mill and I got a bushell and almost a half 
of Wheat ground and I brot tlie rest of my load of hay out of the burnt 
lott 

39"' I brot two jaggs from the meadow 

30"' I set oiit for Dunstable and Hollis and I had Richard MacAllesters 
horse and lodged at Squire Cumings 

31*'' Run some lines so as to joyu my other work together and I took 
a Note for 4 Dollars from Eben Farley being the one half of my pay & the 
half of my Expences and Jona Blanchard Esqr gave me three French 
Crowns on acct of my note from Farley and I am to have the improvement 
of it uutill I get the money from Farley and I came to Squire Lovewells 
and planed at my work untill 11 of the Clock at Night and I lodged there 
and I pd Elnathan Blood 2 Dollars and four and four pence Bay old Ten"^ 
for the 2 biishell of Wheat I had from him about 3 years last fauU 

FEBRUARY FIRST 

I finished the plan and went to justice Chases and Attested to it and 
I got 2 axes from Smith in Dunstable which Squire Lovewell is to pay for 



matthp:w patten's diaey. 165 

ill the half of my pay and he pel 33/7 Bay old Tenor for me at Squire 
Cumings he paid me 11/6 Bay old Ten' made his tliree Dollars toward 
my way and he found me as much as was his half of my Expences and I 
came home in the Evening 

4"i I had James Pattersons Oxen and I took 85 sticks of slitwork to my 
upper place and I got McKiuueys oxen to help me from his house up and 
I got a quart of Rum from John Bell on Credit and Alex'' Orr came and 
Swingled flax for me and Charles Black swingled on his acct 

5"' Alex' Orr swingled in the forenoon and finished we had about 100 
pounds of flax in all this year and Daniel Moor singled shod my Oxen* and 
charged me 50V old Tenr and I found the iron 

6"! I went to my Mother in Laws and took my Oxen and Sled with me 

7"^ I came home and brot two thirds of a barrel of Vinegar that from 
there and Rob' McMurphy filled the barrel up with Cydar and he filled 
a half barrel that I had with me with Cydar .and he gave me a biishell of 
Indian meal and I brot the Bed and bolster and Sheet and a Quilt and 
a Rag Coverlid and 2 Chairs that fell to our Divide of my father in Laws 
personal Estate and my mother in Law gave me four chah's to bring home 
and my off ox got lame in his off fore foot in comeing home but I cant tell 
how and my wife sent and got 5 quarts and 3 jills of Molasses from John 
Bells wife 

8'*^ I went and got some Spruce and I cut off a board log and butted it 
Jonas fell it west from the field South of the house 

10th I went to Col Goffes and made some additions to Piermont Plan 
and helped to fram and Draw a Retiirn for the Commitee of the siu-vey of 
said town I got home about one or two of the Clock in the morning 

11"^ I spent the forenoon in going to Capt Barrons and drawing a State 
of our affairs relating to Jenny Conn to send to Mr Livermore for advice 
and James Patterson carried it and David Currier brot me half a Quire of 
paper on in part of some Writings I did for him on the 3d Instant I did as 
much as came to a pistereen for him and another pistereen for his father 
which they promised to pay 

12"^ & 13"^ we workt at geting wood 

14"^ Col Goft'e sent for me on an affair of Doctr Merrills who had given 
abuse to Divers persons the day before the Col alowed me 4*/ provn 
money and Sqiure Rand became paymaster and promised to give me Cr 
for it on book and I did as much \\Titing for Sam^^ Currier as came to 2"/ 
unpaid 

15"^ I hauled 6 load of Wood from up by Kidders 

17th J gQ^; a pail- of Mogoseens that David Moor mended for me he soled 
and heel tapd tlieni and I found the thread he charged lly Bay old Ten' 
and I and james Patterson went to Amoskieg Falls and workt between the 
Pulpit and Sullivans point 

19''^ Hitty Currier came to Spin about noon at our house and we hauled 
7 load of wood out of the swamp 

21»' I went to Capt Barrons and We the Selectmen Mr Houston an 
order for his Sallery this year being £ 13-1-7 Lawfull agreeable to a Vote 
•of the town 



166 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

24"^ I carried 25 Sticks of Slitwork up to my place between here and 
NeAV boston and in the Evening I went to John Bells to treat with Mr 
Warren about the niakeing the Pulpit and I vn:it a Deed of old John Bells 
Estate from Ensn Daniel Moor who bought it at Vendue of John Bell and 
took the acknowledgement of it and the acknowledgement of a Deed from 
the adminisr to Moor all unpaid and to be paid by John Bell 

25*'^ I gave William Caldwell a Wart againt David Scobey with IG 
supeneas came to 11/4 Lawfull 

26*1^ I gave Will'" Cadlwell a Wart against Will'" Wallace with Ifi or 17 
subpeneas came to 11/4 or 8 pence and Scobey and Caldwell settled their 
affair and J Caldwell is to pay me I charged IIV 

27*'' John got 5 quarts of molasses at John Bells and I ^^^-it a pair of 
Indentirres of a poor Child named Nancy Sloan to Rob' Morrial we the 
Selectmen met at Matth^*' Littles and We signed the Indentures and Writ 
the Wart for the March meeting and gave several orders we broke up 
some time in the morning our Expences was two mugs of flip and I got 
10 board from Capt Goffe that m.easured 145 feet for which I am to draw 
in logs to make as many for him free of the sawing and Hitty Currier 
left off spiuing at noon and went home 

28*'' I went a Run lines for janies Gillmore and I run as much for Ensn 
Vickery and Joseph Farmer as I did for Gillmore what I did for them 
I allowed to pay some Iiitrest that I alowed myself to pay Joseph Farmer 
on acct of some Rie I had from him two year last fall and Winter Gillmor 
is to pay me in grain if he can spare it 

MARCH FIRST 

was a great Rain 

2*^ Mr Hoiistou was in Derryfield this is the fifteenth sabath day that 
he has preached in other towns for pay since last March meeting 

3<i I carried some linen yearn to David McClearys to be Wove 

4"' I held a Court wherein William Caldwell was Conipt and W^illiam 
Wallace was Respt I gave judgement agt the Respt and he appealed 

5*'' I gave Col Goffe a Quitclaim of the home lott no 17 on babussuck 
for which he is to give me a horse he had from Robert Nesmith for said 
Lott 

6"' he sent me the horse by John Kidder 

7"' I got 5 Quarts of molasses from John Bell 

8"' I met with the Rest of the selectmen at Math^''' Littles and 
Examined Lieut Moor on his Constableship and I got a calfskin from 
Capt Barron that he Taned and Curried for me 

10"' I carried some filling to David McClearys and 2io bushell of Rie to 
Ensn Moors Mill and I got Po bushell of it ground and I gave Tho* Hall 
a Deed of the Lott no one on the north of Piscataqiiog River and I took 
a Deed of the lott no 8 in the Gth Rang from Capt Karr in lieu of it 

11*'^ I went to Ensn Tho^ Millers and got a bottle of Snuff that Peggy 
Diggedy sent a present to my wife by Ann Kennedy 

12th Thomas Boies with his oxen and Sled and John Moor and John 
McKinncy and Each of their oxen helped me to Hall my boards from 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 167 

McKiuneys to my upper place and I had William Baruetts oxeu and I 
took about 835 feet of boards from home with what Will"^ Barnett took 
up from Goflfs for me makes about 2000 feet of boards that I have now at 
my upper place 

13"> my boys and I was at the Haulling of John McLaughlins barn the 
Cleatt and Plate brook and was obhged to leave it and I could not find 
the ax I took with me that night 

14"' was an Extraordinary storm of Wind and Snow 

15"' the wind Continued Excessive high and the snow Drifted greatly 
ill this day and yesterday we had 4 sheep lambd and by the morning of 
the 16th two of the lambs died who we suppose was killed by the other 
sheep by dunting them and I got 5 Quarts of Molasses from John Bells 
wife 

1 T"' It stormed Hail and wet together and froze as it fell but before the 
middle of the day it Rained and in tlie after part of the day it Rained 
a gi-eat deal and I went to David McClearys and got the Cloath he was 
Weaveing for us there was 30 yds and almost three quarter of it he took 
6 yds for the Weaveing and I brot home a bushell of meal from Ensu 
Moors mill that I Carried the grain there the 10th Instant 

20"' I helped John McLaughlin junr Hall his Barn and got a pair of 
Shoes for my wife that Sam'i Patterson made the upper leather was mine 
and I borrowed the sole leather from james Patterson and I bargained 
away my farm on Piscataquog River to William Blair for 212 ^o' Dollars 
to be paid in 2 months ynth good Security 

22^1 I went to Ensn Daniel Moors mill and got two bushell of Rie ground 

24"' I with the other Selectmen attended on the Town Comiters at 
Math^^ Littles and gave some orders and tryed to settle with Mr Houston 
about the arrears he says the town owes him but could not get a State of 
the arrears all that we could do and he went off and blamed us that we 
would not Settle vnth. him without and james Little got about 3 hundred 
of hay 

25"^ james Little got about 2H hundi-cd of hay and I got a pair of Soles 
for my own shoes from james Patterson and Sam'"' Patterson sowed them, 
on and I got a pair of shoes that Sam" Patterson made for susanna and 
I had the sole leather from james Patterson 

26"' was our March Annual meeting and I was Chosen Clerk and 
second Selectman and I Qualified the town officers 

27"^ I went to pine hill in Hollis to Plan the same to find a Center for 
them to build a School house on & before I went I took a bill of Sale of 
Ensn Blairs personal Estate 

28"' was on the business 

29"' finished and came home and Charged 18V but did not get my pay 
and as I Came home I got half a bushell of Peas from John Roby that he 
owed me and is to be discounted on the note I have of him 

30"' was Sabathday and the night following we had a ewe lam])d and 
our black Cow Calved 

3^' I went wath David McCleary Junr and run Round his 100 acres 
above james Littles and John Thomas gave me a bushell of oats and my 
John brot them home 



168 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM MARCH 31« 1766 
APRIL FIRST 

I began to prune my Apple trees and I gave Mr Houston a Coppy of a 
Vote from the town book and he paid me lOV old Tenor for it and pd me 
29V old Tenor for Acknowledgeing a Deed from Gau Riddell to him last 
October 

.2'^ I began to sow my Peas and pruned some apple trees 

3'^ sowed some more peas and pruned some more at Apple trees and in 
the afternoon I went to Esqr Rands to a Proprietors meeting of Dart- 
mouth and was chose one of the assessors and one of the Commitee for to 
lay out the Laud 

4"^ I sowed some more peas and pruned some more apple trees and I 
got a quart of Rum and a quart of Molasses from John Bell on Credit 

5*'i this day I finished sowing two bushell of peas and I let james Pat- 
terson liave half a bushell of peas that I got from John Roby on the 29th 
ult month and I pruned at my apple trees 

7*1^ I finished Sowing peas I sowed two bushell and Twenty Eight Quarts 
in all this year and yesterday I sent Mr Houston a line to inform him how 
many Sabathdays the town had Voted him away the Ensueing year 

gth J -writ a letter to Lieut Brown for money and I mortised a Sett of 
Table legs 

lO*^"^ I turned two set of Table legs 

ll^'i I run round Lieut John Littles place in Goflfestown for his mowing 
a Day for me two or three years ago in the Little meadow and I Run 
round No 1 in the 12th Rang in Bedford for Deacon Gilhnor to answer 
against a bushell of potatoes that I had from him last spring and some 
butter I had of his wife last fauU when I went to Cohass in September 

12*'^ I workt at makeing a table frame 

14*'^ I finished makeing the table frame for my Cousin Eliz'th Laucey 

15"' I attended at Deacon Kenndells on the Commissioners on Capt Par- 
kers Estate and Exhibited an acct on Oath of £ 87: 12:0 old Ten"^ but there 
was a mistake of £4:8:0 old Ten' that I found afterward I ought to 
have allowed of more Credit 

16"' I pruned at my apple trees 

17"' I carried The ox hide I bot off Ensu Parker which weighed £86 and 
raj own Swan ox hide that weighed £53)^ but it is much damaged and 
my Mare skin which was damaged also to Mr Fiske in Hollis to be Tanned 
and 13 yards and better than a quarter of alwool Cloth to joseah French 
in Hollis to be di-est and I came home in the Evening 

IS"' I finished pruning our apple trees 

19"* I went to Lieut Moors and got some peas and some Carrot seed that 
his son John brot there for us & and we sowed some garden seed 

20"' Mr Houston was absent from Bedford he went of for Pelham 

2P' this day I killed five Partridges on their loggs for Druming and we 
sowed more garden seeds and I got a pound of Snuff from Matli^*' Little 
that he brot from Boston |or me last week I sent 12V10'' Bay old Tenor 
with him for it 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 169 

22'' I went to james McNights and I divided the Estate between liini 
and his son David and it is to pay a Dollar that I owed his son John of the 
price of a Mare I hot of him in the year 1760 and I alow myself to do him 
some other jobb some time again on the acct of the Dollar and I went to 
Maj"^ Moors and I settled with him on my Note and for a barrell of Vini- 
gar and the barrel the barrel was £ 3 and the vinigar was £4 and I had 
paid him all my note and for the barrell and the Vinigar & Capt Barron 
had the barrell and half the Vinigar and 19V old Ten'' over which he could 
not pay me back and I went to John Quigs and got 7 Duck eggs from them 
and they would not take anything for them and I went to Lieut Hildreths 
and I left a bag of Rob' McMurphys with him to get some grain for my 
takeiug some Depositions for him last September 

2-1"^ I sowed aboiit a Quart of Great Peas and a handful or two of Early 
peas in the Garden and in the evening I ^v^it a Deed for Archibald 
McMiu'phy from his Step father and his Mother for him 

25"^ I gave sd Archibald McMurphy the Deed I drawed last night and 
another I ch-awed from his Sister jean to him 

26"' I went to John Bells for John McLaughlin Juur to Count the money 
for the Province Rates for him on his Constableship and I paid him an 
eight pound bill that wanted one Charecter and a twenty four shilling bill 
of my Province Rates & joe Thomas gave me a bushell of potatoes 

27th J heard Mr Daniel Emerson preach in Bedford for Mr Houston 
from the 25th Verse and 5th Chapter of St Johns Gospell 

28'*^ my boys planted the Potatoes that Joseph Thomas gave me on last 
Saterday we had planted all the potatoes that I had of our own before 
being twenty pail strickt full 

29"^ I sowed 17 Quarts of Barley and I hewed knees for a Cannoe and I 
got a bushell of Potatoes from Tho^ Boies 

30''' I sowed 3 bushell of Flax seed above the Barn and we planted the 
Potatoes we had yesterday from Tho^ Boies all but a few 

MAY FIRST 

I sowed 12 Quarts of Spring Wheat in the Cow yards and I got a bushell 
of Potatoes from Math^^' Little and I got a Stem and Stearn posts for a 
Cannoe on the 2d my boys planted almost all the jjotatoes I got the day be- 
fore 

4"^ Mr Houston was in New boston 

5"^ I Reed 4 Dollars from John McLaughlin Jun' as a Constable for my 
service assisting the Selectmen in the year 1760 agreeable to a Vote of the 
town 

7"' John went to Daniel Moors Mill and got two bushell of Wlieat and a 
bushell and a peck of Rie ground being the last of my own Rie 

10"' I went to Litchfield and got a bushell and a half of Rie from Lieut 
Heldreth on acct of my takeing some Depositions for him last Septr and 
they ground it Toal free and I got half a bushell of Rie from him more 
than I am to pay for I would have paid for it then but coiild not make 
Change and I got ten duck Eggs from Mrs Gibson and I could not pay my 
ferriage to Lieut Read for want of change 



J 



170 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

12"' I went a fishing in the morning to Seborns ponds and I catched 13 
Pickerell and I went to Goffes town and I got from old Mr Blodget one 
pound of Powder a 18/ and a paper of pins a 5*/ and a pound and a half of 
shot a 4/6 paid me up the remainder of what was due to me for Ruiiing 
lines for his Cousin Sam^' last f aull and a Shilling over and I paid him two 
Coppers back toward the shilling the above prices are in Mass old Ten'^ 

13"' I "vvrit a letter to Lieut Brown and another to abel Webster of Ply- 
mouth for money and I can-ied them to Esq'^ Rands and I got boards from 
Sam'i Moor to make a Cannoe with and I went a fishing to Sebans Pond 
and I catched 13 pickerell and when I came home in the Evening Capt 
Lovewell had been at my house and left a Summons for me to answer to 
Ensn Benj" Parker at June Coiu-t for an Ox I bot of him the 28th of last 
Febr 

14"' om- Heifer Calved a Cow Calf and Sarah Currier came to oiir house 
to spin & we washed our sheep 

15"' We found the Heifer and her Calf 

16"' Sarah Currier went home in the morning 

IT"' I went to Capt Karr at his house about the money I owe him and 
Sarah Currier came to Spin at our house she has been here 3 days this 
week 

19"' I catched 17 pickerel and I sent John to Old Mr Vickerys and to 
James Gillmor and he got half a bushell of Hie from ja>* Gillmor In part of 
what he owes me for Running lines for him last Winter and he owes me 
half a bushell of Rie yet and he got better than half a bushell of Indian 
Corn from Mr Vickery for my Writing a deed and Aclinowledging it for 
him some time ago the deed was from him to his daiighters Phebe and 
Hannah of a 100 acres in Bedford 

20"' Susannah brot home 13 yds of tow Cloth that Capt Barrons wife 
wove for us 

2P' was the Pro^dncial Fast 

25"' Mr Houston was in New boston 

26"' I finished makeiug a Chest of Drawers & Table for Cousen W" Pat- 
tens Daughter Elizabeth and a Desk for myself 

27"' I went to Hollis and Settled with Ensn Benj" Parker on his Sueing 
me to June Court and I Reed almost £ 10 old Ten'^ from John Robys wife 
on acct of his note 

28"' 29"' 30"' & 3pt I fished at Anioskieg and I got about 550 shad home 
and a Small Salmon home and I changed 120 for two bushell of Salt 20 I 
sold 27 I gave away and 111 had Stole 

JUNE 2'i 

John Frain was found in the Edy below Pattersons brook and I was 
notified as a Selectman to go see him biu'ied and Ensn Daniel Moor and I 
got o yards of Linen and a Gallon of Rum from Math^" Little to burrie 
him with and in the morning I went to John Bells to meet ^vith William 
Caldwell and William Wallace who had agTeed on Terms of accommoda- 
tion and this morning they wholy Settled and past Receipts Wallace is to 
pay all Lawful! cost and Caldwell bore his own and his Attorys The Con- 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 171 

stable forgave liis fees and I forgave mine and Wallace gave me a Dollar 

3d 4th 5tii & Qth I fished at Amoskieg I sent home these 4 days 233 shad 
of them Jonas got 69 at the new Setting place in this time I sold 80 the 
Capt Walker and my bror a 3V each 8 I gave Capt Blair 28 I gave for 9}4 
£ of Butter and 24 I gave for 3 peaks of Salt and 10 I let Richard McAles- 
ter have 

8"^ was Mr Hoiistons Sacrament 

10"' I borrowed a bushell of Indian Corn from young John McLaughlin 
and got it ground and I went to New Setting place and I catched 5 Shad 

ll"i David Moor soled my shoes and charged a quarter of a Dollar and I 
swore John Jacobs about his paying Fergus Kennedy some money and 
Hugh Campbell came to make me a pair of Lether britches 

12^'^ I went to Amoskieg and I got 5 Shad and a Bass and I changed the 
bass with Samuel Richards and I got a Salmon from him of 11?^^^ £ weight 
for the bass and 7 Shad he owed me and Hugh Campbell finished makeing 
my britches and I did not pay him 

13"^ I set out for Penny kook and I got a Salmon at the setting jilace of 
11 £ weight Elez Wells catched it and the partners gave it to me, viz 
Sam^i Richards and Wells and Ensn McCallow and I lodged at Mrs 
Osgoods and she had the fish of me and it paid my Entertainment 

14«» I bot 16 bushell of Indian Corn from Tho^ Stickney at half a dollar 
pr bushell and I paid him the money all in silver and I brot away 
3 bushell of it and got it ground at Badgers mill and came home in the 
Evening 

16"' I went to Mr Russes and Run the line between him and Lieut 
McNeill on the North side of Russes land 

18"' I fished at Amosldeg falls and I catched a Salmon and I got a 
quart of Rum from Mr Russ and I gave and I gave it into the Company 
who was John Martain and jamey Karr and I got a Small Sahiion for it 

19"' I had Richard McAllesters horse and I went to Penuykook in com- 
pany with Mary Riddell and carried the two Salmon I got the day before- 
and let Mr Osgood have them they weighed 21 £ it was great Rain in the 
afternoon and we were Very wet 

20"' I brot 8 bushell of the Corn I bot of Tho^ Stickey and left it at 
Badgers Mill and went back and brot 4 bushell more and got 2 of it 
ground at Badgers and I had the Toal and I gave him the 8th of a dollar 
and I paid Marys Expences and mine to Mrs Osgood which was 4:19:0 
I had 5/ O T pr £ for the Salmon it Rained a good deal this afternoon and 
we came to John McCurdys and lodged there 

2ist -^e came home and it Rained two Showers on us this day a coming 
home and jonas Workt for old Mr John McLaiighlin 

22'i Mr Houston was absent from Bedford he and his Wife went off for 
Pelham last Tuesday and I found a book in my book Case but does not 
know from whence it came Entitled some New Discoveries of the uncer- 
tainty Deficiency and Corruption of Human Knov\'ledge & Learning by 
, John Edwards D D 2d Edition and I Mised a book of mine ^^Tit by Jona- 
than Edwards Entitled a Strick and Careful Enquiry into that freedom of 
Will which is Necessary to Moral Agency &c 



172 :siATTHEW patten's diary. 

23'i I paid John McLaughlin juur the bushell of Corn I borrowed of him 
the 10th Instant and I paid james Patterson ahuost a biishell of Corn that 
I borrowed from him last Winter when I got it I borrowed two bushell 
and I let him have half a bushell of Peas towards it this last spring and 
I borrowed £ 3 old Tenor from Math^*" Little and jouas Helped old John 
jNIcLaughlin almost all day 
]l 24"' & 35"^ I workt some at makeing a Ploiigh 

'<■ 26"' I fished at Amoskieg falls and I catched 12 Salmon and 13 Shad 

I brot the shad to Math^^' Littles and let him have them 

27*'' I had Gan Riddells mare and my own Colt and went to Penuykook 
and I carried 9 Salmon with me and I sold 3 to Mr Badger the Miller they 
weighed 41,34 £ and one to Deacon Hall of 10 £ and 4 to Mrs Osgood and 
her Daughter McMillan that weighed 41k' and one to Tho^ Stickueys wife 
that Weighed 9\ all at 3d Lawfull pr £ 

28"' day I got a bushell of Corn from Mr Stickuey and I paid him over 
the Salmon his wife had ^o ^ peistereen and I got a bushell of Corn from 
Deacon Hall and I paid him in 10/s old Tenor more than his Sahnon and 
from Mi's Osgood I had my Expenses which was 2:6:0 old Ten'' and She 
paid me a peistereen and she owes me a quarter of a Dollar yet and I got 
a quire of paper from Mrs McMillan at 20/ O T and She owes me 4 £ O T 
yet and I brot the 2 bushell of Corn to Badgers mill and got it Ground 
and I had the Toal he has ground 13 bushell for me in all that I have had 
the toal of and I came home and jonas catched 3 Salmon at the falls and 
I catched one after I come and my Wife went to Derry & Chester and 
carried with her 5}.2 Salmon or better than a half she had John McLaugh- 
lins horse and on the day I went to Pennykook John Catched 9 Sahnon 
aud I catched one we have catched 26 Salmon in all these 3 days they 
weighed about 270 £ 

29"' Mr Houston was absent from Bedford 

30"^ I fished at the falls in company with Sam^i Richards We catched 
3 Salmon and 9 Shad We gave Col Goffe one for which he gave us a bottle 
of Rum our Salmon weighed about 12 £ apeice 

JULY FIRST 

I let Gan Riddell have my Salmon it weighed 12)^ £ I sent it to his 
house by my John and jonas helped old Mr McLaughlin from about 10 of 
the Clock till night aud I finished makeing a plough 

2<i jonas aud John helped John McLaughlin junr the greatest part of the 
day to Hoe & I went to Pope Tho'* Karrs and Run Round a peice of land 
that he Cleared for Mr Blodgett 

3^' jonas and John helped John MacLaughlin junr in the forenoon and 
in the afternoon was a training aud I went to Amoskieg falls and brot 
Sam^i Rodgers Canuoe down to Patterson brook mouth in order to fish 
with 

4"' was a Rainey day throughout 

5"^ I went to the falls and catched a Salmon that weighed IQig £ and' 
Gan Riddell sent me 2 £ and 14 ounces of Butter toward the Salmon I let 
him have the fii'st Instant 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 173 

6"^ I lieard Mr True preach iu Eedford for INIr Houstou from Pi-overbs 
23d Chap & 23d verse 

7"^ I got a Scyth from Math'"' Little on Credit and I gave james Mathies 
a Wart against Jonathan Cumings unpaid a.nd I began to fellow the old 
field by my brors and I had John McLaughlins oxen helping me 

8"' I had John Kidders oxen helping me to plow and I writ 3 letters for 
Squire Rand to dun for money and Signed him 3 Writs and Summons 

9"* I had John Kidders oxen helping me to plow and I had Math''' Littles 
horse and John Clogstons mare and I went to Pennykook and I brot home 
the 5 bushell of Indian meal I had at Mr Badgers and I got what he 
called a bushell and a peck of Rie from him for which I pd him 5 £ but 
I think there is about a bushell of it 

10* I had John McLaughlins Oxen helping me to plow it was very hot 
day so that we plowed but about half a days work 

11"^ I had John Kidders oxen helping me to plow it was a very hot day 
and we could not plow but about half the day and Capt Barron came to 
my house and we drawed 3 Warts to the surveyors of highways 

12"^ I pd Math''- Little 20/ O : T : and 4"/ for a jill of Rum I had on the 
9th Instant and 40"/ for a Salmon he had on the 28th of June and the 3 £ 
1 Borrowed from him on the 23d of last June and I had John Kidders Oxen 
helping me plow in the forenoon and we finished plowing the field by my 
brors 

14tiA I got half a bushell of Salt from Ensu Daniel Moor on Credit and 
I gave Sam'i Gibson of Merrymac a Wart to search Phinehas Lunds house 
for Stolen Goods unpaid and I let Widow Bell have Rake and Sarah 
Currier pulled flax for us and the boys hoed the Potatoes 

15"^ I got 2 Quarts of Rum from John Bell on Credit and I got 3 sythes 
and a pound of powder from old Mr Blodget on Tho^ Karrs acct for my 
measuring 21 Acres of land for him that he Cleared on Mr Sam^' Blodgets 
farm on the 2d Instant and Daniel Moor Laid a peice on the point of my 
plow shear the Iron was mine and John Kidder is to pay for it and Sarah 
Currier pulled flax for us 

IBt'i Sarah Currier helped us to pull flax and we finished we put 24 
stook into water and we have 60 stook more and I began to mow 

1 7"^ I had John Maclaughlins oxen helping me to plow and I gave David 
MacClure a warrant against Samuel Richards and I went a fishing in the 
Evening and we Catched a Salmon that weighed £ 16 and I had the 
whole of it 

18"i I m.owed the forenoon and iu the afternoon I writ a Deed from 
John Little to John Mudget of the Right of land in Gihnantown and 
mudget paid and Little did not and McClure and Richards Settled their 
Case and and Richards is to pay me and I reed 12^/8'^ Lawfull from from 
John McLaughlin Juiir of the towns money to buy Nails Brads & Glue 
for the pulpit and got two quarts of rum from John Bells wife on Credit 

19"^ I went to William Henerys and got 2 £ of tobacca and I paid 
a pistereen for it 

20^'' I went to Gofl'estowu meeting at John Smiths and heard Mr John 
Wilson of Chester preach in the forenoon from the 2d of Acts & 38d 
verse and in the afternoon the 17th of Johns Gospel and 4th verse 



17-i MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

21^* I mowed in my meadow at home 

22*^ I weut to Tho" Halls and drawed 3 writs for him viz one against 
Joseph PiT-dnay one against Jonathan Atwood and 1 agt John Ordway the 
charge for each is 4-4-0 old Ten'' nnpd and I charged Hall on book for 
them in La'wfiil money 

24'^^ I finished mowing in My Meadow at home Except from the Crotch 
of the brook upward which I left for Jonathan Currier and John Kidder 
and I took two Notes from Lieut Brown by assignment on Sam^i Derbeu 
of 15-13-6 Each and a note from himself of 4-4-9 all LawfuU money and 
I got a bush ell and a half of Salt from Ensn Daniel Moor on' Credit 

25**^ I began to Reap and I Reaped 2 Stooks and 4 Sheaves of Winter 
"Wheat and I got in the last of my hay that I had at liome I had 102 Cocks 
in my Meadow as far up as to the Crotch and I put it all in one Stack by 
the barn & I got 2 quarts of Rum from Mat Little 

26*'^ It Rained in the forenoon sometime and in the afternoon I went to 
Capt Karrs to let him know that Lieut Brown brot me no money and to 
laiow whether I must Sue for the money & Nathaniel patterson brot 
a Salmon it weighed 10% 

217th ]y[j. Houston was in Hillsbourgh and our Heifer took Bull 

28*'^ my little boys and Betsey & I Reaped 5 Stooks and 7 Sheaves of 
Wheat betwixt and the Barn 

29'^^ my little boys and I Reaped 5 Stooks and 3 Sheaves between 
between and the barn and Sarah Currier came about 10 of the Clock to 
Spin at our house 

30*h I got two pigs from John McLaughlin Jun"' and Daniel Moor made a 
tongue for my Sheep bell fixt the Heel of my Scyth wore out and would 
not charge anything for it and Sarah Currier spun at our house 

31*' I finished Reaping the peice between and the barn I had 14 Stooks 
and four Sheaves in it and two sheaves behind the house and 4 stooks and 
10 sheaves in that peice by the well and we Reaped 5 Stooks in the wheat 
above the barn and Sarah Currier spun at our house 

AUGUST 

First I finished Reaping Winter Wheat I have 18 Stooks & 3 Sheaves 
above the barn I have 37 Stooks and 7 Sheaves of Winter Wheat in all this 
year and my Wife had John McLaiighlin junrs horse and went to Will'" 
Morrows and Sarah Currier went home at noon from spining she had been 
here about 3 days this time and Lieut John Taylor came to Engage me to 
go in the last of this month to lay out Cockermouth 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM AUGUST FIRST 1766 

2'' We Reaped 2 Stooks of Rie being the first and we opened our stack 
of hay and found it had got hot and dried IS Cocks of it which was sweated 
Near good for Nought and jonas thrashed 10 Sheaves of Wheat and I sent 
near or quite a bushell of Wheat to W" Morrow but it was not dried and 
Margret Tolford came to our house and I got 2 Quarts of Rum from Gau 
Riddell on Credit 

^^ our Belled Cow took Bull 



MATTHEW patten's DIAilY. 175 

4"' we catched a Salmou that we divided iu 3 parts Equaly as uear as we 
could my part weighed 3I4 £ aud we Carted iu our Wheat aud I Idlled a 
Lamb that weighed as I guessed about 26 £ it weighed after the ueck was 
cut oft' 2334 £ and we had to Cart out our Stack of hay iuto the wheat 
ground and Spread it & dry it 

5"* I let John McLaughlin Senr have a Rake and we Reaped our Spring 
Wheat we had 4 Stooks & a Sheaf of it and I Cleaned up two bushell and 
almost a half of Winter jouas thrashed two Stooks and there was what 
sheled in the pitching and some that was left when we thrashed ten 
sheaves on Saterday last and we finished drying our stack of hay and 
Reaped a stook and a half of Rie 

6"^ Jonas and John Stacked the Hay again & james & Bob & I reaped 3 
Stooks of Rie 

7th yf^Q Reaped part of the day tooped up the Stack 

gth -\;ye Carted in 12 Stooks aud 7 sheaves of Rie aud our Spring Wheat 
and we Reaped 9 Stooks and a half I got 2 qts of Rum from John Bell 

9"* We Carted in the Rie we Reaped yesterday and took up part of the 
flax that we water Roted it Rained Considerable to day and in the after- 
noon we Reed accts pr Mr Houston aud John McDuflfie that William Mor- 
rows wife was Dangerously 111 

Sabathday morning my wife and Peggy Tolford went over to see her 
my Wife had Jonathan Curriers mare 

11*'^ being monday my Wife and Peggy Tolford came home before noon 
aud we Reaped IQio Stooks and a half of Rie 

12th ^Q Carted in the Rie we Reaped yesterday aud it Rained a pretty 
Shower in the morning Avith a Considerable of Thunder & we Reaped 9 
Stooks and 1 sheaf 

13*'^ We Carted in the Rie we Reaped yesterday and we Reaped four 
stooks aud seven sheaves which finished our Rie We have Forty Six Stooks 
and three sheaves of Rie this year in all and I let John Clogstou have a 
Rake which he promised to pay for and I got two qts of Rum from Math"**' 
Little on Credit and our Black Cow took Bull 

14"* I began to Mow in the Little meadow and jonas and I mowed the 
Dispute lott and began in the burnt lott 

15* I butchered a lamb that weighed 20>( £ after the neck was cut off 
& jonas and I mowed the Rest of the day in the burnt lott 

IQth ^^Q finished mowing the burnt lott and we Raked aud Cocked the 
■Dispute there was 21 Cocks on it and we Raked half the burnt lott 

17"' Mr Houston was in New boston 

18'h Jonathan Currier and John Kidder mowed for me in the square in 
the Little meadow and jonas and I mowed there also and I got a qt of 
Rum from John Bell on Credit and the night following it came on a Rain 

ig'h the fore part of the day was Very Rainy and in the afternoon I 
went at Joseph Scobeys and Robert Morrials Reqt to John Bells to help 
them to settle their accts which was eflected & Mr Houston changed a 
bad 24 ,' bill and gave me a piestereeu in lieu. 

20*'' I attested to an acct Against Col Goffe and Esqr Emerson on the 
Laying out Piermont aud Acknowledged a power before Esqr Rand and 



176 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

sent the acct & power to Mr Livermore by my John to be Sued and I Reed 
the Treasurers Wart for Province Rates for the year Current and I got a 
qt of Rum from John Bell on Credit and I went to the meadow and mowed 
a little in the Evening and jonas and the two little boys tiirned what hay 
was Shaked out of what we mowed on Monday last 

2P' James Caldwell Junr helped me to Rake hay the greatest part of the 
afternoon we got all the hay we mowed on Monday in Wiurow and 8 
Cocks of it put up and Susanna came up and helped in the afternoon 

32^1 We Cocked up the hay we Raked yesterday and Mowed a Small 
Winrow and Raked 17 Cocks more and Cocked it 

23'^ We Stacked the hay on the burnt lott and the Dispute lott and a 
Stack by the bridge of 21 Cocks and Mowed a Small Winrow and my Wife 
had .iohn McLaughlins horse and went to William McDoells and Tho** 
Millers and she got 8 £ of Pork from Tho" Boies on Credit except one pis- 
tereen 

24th -y^e mised one of our old Sheep and could not find her 

25'!^ I got a qt of Rum from John Bell on Credit and We finished mow- 
ing in the Little meadow and we put up 20 Cocks into a Stack on the East 
side of the bridge and we Raked 8 Cocks and Rob' Giffins Wife got 10 
Cocks of hay from me for which she is to pay in butter I asked her 2 £ 
for a Cock 

26"^ was an Exceeding hot day and there was a great deal of Thunder 
and considerable of Rain in the afternoon and Evening 

27"^ the fore part of the day was Exceeding hot yet not quite Clear I 
went and turned the hay that I sent the boys to take care of yesterday but 
they did not and I carried a little more than a bushell of Rie to Ensu 
Moors mill but could not get it ground for want of Water 

28"^ it was Cloudy and Rained in the afternoon & the Night following 
a Considerable Quantity and I made two Rims for Riddells and fitted two 
more all Ready for nailing and made a Rim for a fine Sive 

29''^ I went to Matthew Littles in order to arbitrate with Majr Noice 
and Esqr Underwood between Esqr Walker and John Martain Majr Noice 
did not come and Mr Fulton of Londonderry came with a power of 
Attorney and would not Comply to do anything about the afi'air untill 
farther consideration 

30*'^ the foul weather appeared to be over it was a Clear day and we 
dryd our hay as much as we could but could not get it into Cock and was 
obliged to lave about 20 Cocks that had been cocked open that the hay was 
not dryd so as to cock up again 

31"' Mr Houston was in New boston 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

We put up a Stack of 20 Cocks in the Little meadow and it began to 
Rain by 8 or 9 of the Clock notwithstanding there was a great Dew and 
in the evening there was a Remarkable Thunder Shower aboundance of 
Lightening Thunder and Rain and Cleared up before we went to bed 

2*1 I got 12^' O: T: worth of Snuff from Esqr Rand for which I pd him 
the money 



MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 177 

3'' I gave Sam^ Richards a Writ and Summons against Ebenezer Hacket 
and a Summons for 9 "Witnesses the Charge is 6^/ Lawful! unpd and we 
got up our hay into Cock that has lyn so long I had about 170 Cocks in the 
meadow in all this year and I let mr Caldwell have plan of a hoiise 

4*^ we Stacked 53 or 54 Cocks that grew on the two westerly lotts in the 
Squar which finished my haying 

5th Agnas Giffin brot us £ 5^2 of butter toward the hay she had from 
me the 25th of Augt last and I went and to John Bells and him and John 
Wallace and James a Committee Gave Tho^ Warren our Note for £ 15-6-8 
LawfuU money for his building The Pulpit in our Meeting house in Bed- 
ford 

(i"i I finished makeing a Riddle & I gave Ebenezer Hacket a Summons 
for 15 Witnesses to be improved in his Case and Richards unpd and I car- 
ried to Mrs Marston in Derryfield some Worsted to be wove we Expect 
about 15 or 16 yards of it 

7th jyij. Wilkins preached in Bedford for Mr Houston 

gth I got a Gallon of Molasses from John Bell on Cr and I went to the 
Cedar Swamp above Blodgets and got some Cedar for pails 

9"i I fitted Staves for 3 pails 

10"^ I bottomed a -wide -Riddell and got some Wallnutt on Francis Bar- 
nets land for some small Truss hoops 

ll"i I held a Coiu't between Sam'' Richards and Ebenezer Hackett the 
Writ was non siiited and I got a pair of Pumps that David moor made for 
me he found the Sole leather and thread and made them and Daniel moor 
made a New Shoe for my Colt and Set it and one of mine on my Colts fore 
feet 

13"^ I went to London : derry and got a linen Wheel for my Mother in 
Law and I got a bottle of Snuff from Doer Thornton on Credit the bottle 
and Snuff weighed £ 1% the bottle weighed 13 ounces 

14tii jvjj. Houston was at Pembroke assisting Mr Mitchel at his Sacra- 
ment 

15"' I went to Merrymac and Run the line on the north side of Mathies 
land for him and in the afternoon I went and Run Round his son james 
place for which his father promised to pay the whole days wages (for 
which I charged a Dollar) in Corn and Ann Wallace and Margret Wal- 
lace came to us to Spin Wool 

16"> and 17"' in the forenoon I workt at makeing a pail and in the after- 
noon I went to Matthew Littles to hear Esqr Walker & John Martains Case 
arbitrated by Capt Barron William White and Deacon Boies who was 
Chairman the affair was Compleated about 3 of the Clock next morning 
Walker was adjudged to pay Martain 54 Dollars and the Costs of the arbi- 
trators and Witnesses and their charges in the house 

18"' Sarah Currier got 5 pound and 2 ounces of pot mettle to make her a 
flatiron of and I cleaned our flax seed we had 2 bushell and a peck and our 
boys took part of our flax to the Little meadow and began to spread it 

19"' they took up the Remainder to the Meadow and spread at it 

20"' they finished Spreading the flax and I made 2 pails this week and 
almost finished the 3d and this Day I Reed a letter from W" Peirce of 
12 



178 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

Clielnisford by my bror iu wliicli was a note against Lieiit jolin Hall witli 
a Desire to get the money 

22'! I took part of the Invoice iu all the middle being 9 f amelys and one 
Single poll 

23*1 I took the Invoice of my part on the River Rang Except Capt Goffe 
and Agnas Giffen brot us 14 £ of Butter and what she brot on the 5th In- 
stant pays for the 10 Cocks of hay she had from me the 25th of last Augt 
and I gave Capt Lovewell my note for 10«-4'i for the service of a 
Writ that he served on me last may for Ensn Benjamin Parker and I 
cleaned up 4 bushell of Rie 

24*^^ I Cleaned up 2 bushell of Rie and I sowed a bushell and near three 
pecks of Rie on the South field 

25* It began to Rain awhile before night 

26^^* it continued to Rain all day and I workt at Makeing Pails 

27"' I finished the 5th Pail sine I began to make and Margret and Ann 
Wallace went home from Spining for us Ann has been here a fortnight 
and MargTet eleven days 

29t'i I Cleaned up 2>^ bushell of Rie and I took the Invoice of the North- 
west Corner of the town and I got 2 £ of Hogs ^att from Tho* Boies on 
Credit 

30*'^ Ann Wallace came in the morning to Spin at our house and I sowed 
two bushell and about three pecks of Rie in the field by my brors and I 
Cleaned 12 bushell of Rie 

OCTOBER FIRST 

I sowed a bushell and about twenty Quarts of Rie in the field Iw my 
brors Which finished it I have sowed about 4 bushell and about 12 quarts 
on it 

2'^ This morning was a great frost and is the first we have had this year 
and I cleaned up S and a half bushell of Rie 

3^1 I Cleaned up our Peas we had about 7 bushell they had grown much 
in the field and is very bugey and the boys and I Cleaned up the last of 
our Rie being 15 bushell this day and Ann Wallace went home iu the 
Evening she has been here four days this week and james & Rob' went to 
Ensn Moors mill and got 2^ bushell of Rie ground 

4"' I plowed some above Barn and part of the peice by the Well and I 
went to John Bells a little before night and see him Flux of Potash 

5th -^Y Houston was absent from Bedford he sett out for the westward 
as he gave out on the Sabath before 

0"' was a Very Rainy day untill a little before niglit 

7'^' I Cleaned up 2 bushell of Wheat and I held a Coiu-t in the afternoon 
at Math''' Littles wherein Col Goffe was Plant and jesse McFarland and 
james Aiken of Chester were Defts neither of them appeared and they 
were Defaulted 

8"' I borrowed 50 Board nails from W'" Baruett 

9"^ My boys (viz) jonas and John went with my oxen and picked and 
Carted up W™ Barnetts Pumpins being six load and he gave me one load 



MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 179 

for their work aud I got a Gallon of Mollasses aud 2}4, Hundred of Nails 
from jolin Bell on Credit 

10* I finished makeing a Meal Chest 

nth I gave David Moor an Order on W" Bell for 1756 feet of Boards 
and we Cleaned up 16 bushell of Wheat and I Reed four the quantity of 
Dollars in hard money from Daniel Hall on his fathers acct for W" Peh-ce 
of Chelmsford 

13'h I went to the Cedar swam norwest from the Ell falls on Piscata- 
quog and got some Cedar for pails and and the boys took up part of our 
flax at the little meadow 

14'h our boys finished takeiug up the flax and the borrowed Mr Cald- 
wells Cart and brot it home 

15''* I workt at Amoskieg between the Pulpit and Sullivans point in 
Company with janies Patterson aud Eben"" Hacket our expences was a mug 
and half of flip and one ferriag of one man on foot 

16«h I plowed 

17'h I sowed a bushell and almost two quarts of Wheat by the Well and 
between the hoiise and barn and I went to Blodgets farm in Goffestown 
and Measm-ed a peice of land that Tweed Cleared and I got two papers of 
pins and 3 pound of Shot from Mr Blodget toward my Service 

18"* Jonas workt for Daniel Moor blacksmith and the boys and I Raised 
about 12 bushell of potatoes 

19*h was Mr Houstons Sacrament in Bedford and Mr MacGregore 
assisted him 

20'h Jonas workt for Daniel Moor blacksmith and I went to Tho^ Halls 
with Sam' Richards on acct of Timothy Ferrin Deed which gave him up 
last Saterday and sent for Ferrin but could not persuad him to give it 
back again the Deed was from Ensn McGregore to Ferrin and was lodged 
with me on a Condition between sd Ferrin and Richards 

2pt I worked in the forenoon a finding the Center of Goffestown by the 
plan and in the afternoon I attended a proprietors meeting of Goffestown 
at Capt Karrs 

22'' I went to Mr IMarstons and got 16 yards of (Jloath she filled a yard 
and half quarter with her own filling and she keept it aud she allowed 
29/3 old Tenor for the warp of it and TV she owed me since she wove a 
web for us Near two years ago & I paid her 52/s old Tenor more which 
paid the weaveiug of the 16 yards at 5/6 pr yd When I took it to her the 
6th of Sept the Warp and filling and Spools and a pillow Case weighed 8 
pound and nine ounces and I carried 5 1/2 Cutt more of filling which she 
put in which filled a yard and when I weighed the Cloath and the same 
Spool and pillow Case they weighed half a pound less than they did when 
carried it to her there was as much yarn in the 16 yards as I took there at 
first except the thrum and the warp of 1/2 a quarter and yet it weighed 
half a pound less and I settled with. Mr Russ on the note I had on him 
from Abel Webster and he pd me a peistereen and I gave him up the note 

23'' We Raised 24 bushell of Potatoes which we put into a hole in the 
Ground to be buried 

24"> was a Cold storm of Rain out of the N : E : 



180 MATTHEW patten's DIARV. 

2o"i we Raised about 14 1 2 biishell of potatoes which finished what was 
before the barn that peice produced about 78)^' bushell this year beside 
small ones and we picked the high apple tree there was about 11 bushell 
of them 

27th y^Q Raised about 2^2 bushell of potatoes which finished and we 
cleaned 16)2 bushell up the last of our Winter Wheat we had 38 bushell 
of Winter wheat this year and 3 of spring wheat 

28*'^ I went to Hollis and and carried with me lO^o yards of Cloath of 
our own and 6 yards of Mary Kidder to be pressed and the peice of Cloath 
that I took there last spring was dressed off there was Q^o yards for which 
he charged 2/s Bay old Tenor pr yd and 6 pence pr yd for pressing the 
whole Dressing the Oi., yfls and pressing the 163^^0 came to 27/8 Bay old 
Ten"^ and I paid him the money and brot home the 9}^ yards and left the 
16>2 yds there 

30*'' I went along with Messrs John Lowder and his son John and showed 
them No 25 in the Uth Rand and No 13 in the 8th Rang for which they 
gave me }.< a dollar and I with the other two selectmen spent the Evening 
at John Bells with Mr Houston and John McLaughlin junr on his Consta- 
bleship and found he had Reed of his last years Sallery £ 29 : 2 : 1 Lawfull 
money biit gave him a Rect for only £ 28 : 10 : 0}^ lawfull 

Which day was appointed for the General Thanksgiveingin the Province 
but we got no Proclamation in this town 

31^' Lieut John Moor butchered a Steer for me that weighed 324 of beaf 
and 56 of a hide the Tallow we did not weigh but he had but a little and I 
got a quart of Rum from John Bell on Credit and in the afternoon I with 
the other Selectmen met at John Bells with Mr Houston in order to settle 
with him to know the arrears he says the town is indebted to him but he 
would produce no writen acct He produced his day book for the year 
1757 and we proved that his Minuts in that time had two material fals- 
hoods in it one was that the sum due from the town to him at the settle- 
ment on the Uth of April 1757 was two hundred and twenty one or two 
pounds some od shillings old Teudr and the Settlement which he and the 
Commitees signed sd day as allso the selectmens order to him the said day 
was for 259 £ some od shillings old Ten'' which we produced the other was 
that the payment made by the Treasurer on the 3dof May said year 
toward the sum found due to him on the said Settlement by his minuts 
was only about 161 £ old Ten"" and we produced his own Rect for 200 £ 
old Ten'' said day which gave us Reason to to suspest the truth of the Rest 
of his minuts and as he would not produce a Writen acct which he said he 
could not tell how many Sabaths he was in Bedford we declined any other 
way and broke up without Settleing and I Reed an order from the Select- 
men for 1 : 19 : 2>2 for my service for the year 1765 

NOVEMBER FIRST 

I drawed a Wart for a town meeting to be held the 14th Instant but I 
dated it yesterday 

2'^ being sabathday my wife was much oiTt of Case and I got a quart of 
Rum from John Bell on Credit 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 181 

S^ I held a Court at Math^ Littles wherein John Raud Esqr was Plant 
and Hugh Mc Allow was Deft the Deft was defaulted by not appearing 
The debt was 0:7:6 and the Cost was : 13 : 3 Lawf uU money and before 
I held the Court I worked at makeing a back door and the boys workt at 
takeing up Timiips 

4'h I finished makeing and hanging the back Door and in the afternoon 
I went to Tho'* Halls Vendue and I tarried over night & assisted in take- 
ing the Notes for what was sold and I spent the next day there on his 
affairs I got home about ten oClock at night and I let Daniel Moor have 6/ 
shillings Silver old Tenor 

6"^ I got a hook and Steeple from Daniel Moor the Iron was mine and 
was Drawed by Capt Karr 

7"^ and 8"^ I put the sashes into 10 -windows for Deacon Gillmor in his 
new house and on the 8th Daniel Moor made me a Round Sliave of a peice 
of an old Syth of mine he bended it and Drawed the tang for the handle 

10"^ Set out for Mr Livermors to sue Sani^^ Derbens notes and Col Goife 
and Esqr Emerson for my services in laying out Piermont last faull and 
had the ^vrits filled out accordingly and I paid William Barnett fifty nails 
which I borrowed from him the 8th of last Octr 

1 1"^ I near finished makeing a Churn 

12*'^ I was in Goffestown along with Capts Walker and Goffealaying out 
the 25 acres that was Reserved in the 140 acre lott No 60 for Mr Simons and 
Dinned at Capt Martains 

13"' I made a binii in the outside Cellar and packed our Winter apples 
being 9 bushell 

14"' was a town meeting which I attended & we obtained a Discharged 
from Mr Houston from his first settlement to the 25th of March 1761 after 
a great fateague "with him and the town Voted to Rais 3 £ to supply the 
sixty pounds Note of tax money that was to be given up to him and I 
gave him a Rect on the Note which is to given up on the Delivery of the 
Note 

lo"* I Exchanged the above Note with Mr Houston for the Rect I gave 
him yesterday and I spent half the day about the Notes for the tax money 

16*'' Mr Houston was in New boston 

17"^ I held a Court between jos George and Eben'' Johnson Esqr Rand 
appeared for George they settled it by arbitration of Capt Barron my bror 
Sam" and Eben'' Hacket we fateagued till almost Day break before we 
broke up 

18*'' I went to CaptKarrs and attend a propr meeting of Goffestown and 
in the Evening Timothy Ferrin gave back the Deed he had from Ensn 
McGregore into my hands and I took the acknowledgement of a Deed 
from Capt Martain to Henry Snow unpaid and the deed was lodged with 
me untill it be paid and my boys carried about 12 bushell of Ashes to John 
Bell 

19*'' Jonas took Ki^g bushell of Ashes to John Bell and I finished makeing 
Gleaks to Churn with 

20*'' I went to Deacon W'" Moors and Run the East and South lines of 
the lott he had from jas Gregg and the line between him and his bror 



182 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

Daniel aucl I got a treik and spindle and wliorle from him and ^Ye offset 
my Running them lines for them and in the Evening I went to Daniel 
Moors to a Training and Capt Allds paid me two pistereens for my Run- 
ing the line of his home lot by the mast Roading place 

23'! I gave John Bell a Johanna and 7 Dollars of tax money to pay the 
joyners toward building the Pulpit and I borrowed 3 ounces of Glue that 
was left from the Pulpit 

24*^^ I with the other two Selectmen met at John Bells and began to 
make the Rates and tarried at there all night & I borrowed 6 sheets of 
paper from John Bell 

25''^ we finished about the middle of the day and Patrick Taggart brot 
me a letter from the Commissioners to Capt Parkers Estate and Tony 
came with him to get me to go to Lay off widow Parkers thirds and 1 went 
to Litchfield and Lodged at Lieut John Parkers 

26'-^^ I Run a line for Widow Caldwell for which I charged a Dollar impaid 
she promised to pay me and last night I had the Stirup and Stirup leather 
that was on my Saddle stole at Deacon Kennedys as my horse stood by the 
horse house 

28*'^ I went at Timothy Ferrins desire to Col Goffes to give Evidence in 
his case with Richards but he did not come I waited untill dark and I got 
two Coppers worth of snuff from Esq Rand and I pd him the money 

29"^ I went to Londonderry to Esqr Hollands to give evidence for Sam" 
Richards by a Summons agt Timothy Ferriu he did not come nor Ferrin 
neither Capt Karr told me there that they had left their case to arbitration 
and then I went to Mr Livermores and he paid me 14-10-6 Lawfull money 
on the acct of Sam" Derben out of which I pd him 9/6 Lawfull for a Writ 
that Ensn Parker sued me with to last June Court so that the money reed 
to bring home was 14-1-0 Lawfull and come to Doer Thorntons and paid 
him half a Dollar which paid a bottle of Snuff I had from him on the 13th 
of last Sept and half of another bottle of snuff" which I got from him now 
and I owe him one shilling La-svf ull for the other half yet and I came to 
Wilham Morrows and lodged there the night following 

30*'^ I came home 

DECEMBER FIRST 

I went to Capt Karrs to pay him some money but he was not at home 
and I did not leave any for him and I came to Math^^ Littles to hold a 
Court between Esqr Rand Plant and David Currier James Patterson ap- 
peared for Rand by a power they settled themselves and the Evening on 
town affairs untill midnight I had a mug of flip 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM DECEMBER 1st 1766 

2"! I wTit a deed from james Vose to james Patterson of no 17 & 18 in 
the 8th Rang in this town unpaid and in the Evening Silas Walker sent 
for me to go to Col Goffes to administer some Oaths Relateing Jeuney Conn 
and him and I went and spent the Evening untill two or 3 of the morning 
Jenuey would not take what Col Goffe and Capt Barron made her but said 
she would let judgment pui-sue him and never would ask him for anything 
but would mantain the child herself 



3IATTHEW patten's DIARY. 183 

gd yf-Q got, Capt Goftes Cart and the boys went one turn to the meadow 
for hay with oiu" own oxen 

4tii -went one turn to the meadow with our oxen 

5"i went two tnrns to the meadow with our oxen 

6"* we had one pair of Clogstous oxen and went two turn to the meadow 
and I went to Daniel Moors mill and I took 1}4 hushell of wheat and I 
brot 1 1 2 bushell of Rie that was taken there some time ago 

8"' the boys went two turn with our own oxen to the meadow 

9 '* I sent 5/11 Bay old Tenor with james Patterson to Boston to buy 1 
hundred of fram Nails & 1 hundred of pail nails and I gave John Bell the 
Pi-ovince and Ministers Lists and Wan-ants and I got an Almanack from 
him and I paid him six Coppers for it and the boys brot one jagg of hay 
with our own oxen from the meadow and in the evening it fell about 2 
inches of Snow and then it Rained Considerable and I got some Clay at 
Pattersons 

IQth ■\^as a proprietors meeting of this town at Math^^ Littles which I 
attended and was Chosen with my bror Sam^i and SeanP- Vose to settle the 
Propriety line between this town and Amherst and had a mug of flip on 
Credit and Daniel Moor mended the tang of my large hay fork and made 
a new Ring for the handle 

11*'^ Daniel Moor Made two new shoes of my Iron and set 4 shoes on my 
Colt the other 2 was my own and I went to Capt Karrs to pay him some 
money but he was not at home 

12*'^ I went Hollis and got Mary Riddells 6 yards of cloath that I car- 
ried to Frenches to be pressed he sent the 10)^2 J^s of our own that I took 
to him along with hers and I got the Ox hide that Fisk tanned for me for 
the tanning I pd him 4-6-0 Bay old Tenor being one shilling Bay old 
Ten' pr pound and I got half a pint of Rum from him to drink as I came 
home for which I paid him 2/s bay old Ten"" and I bot 2 Dozn of Frost 
Fish from a Watertown man for which I pd him ^^ bay old Ten' Mrs 
French gave me my Dinner and I gave Esqr Hobarts wife the Note I have 
of Eben"' Farley of 1-4-0 Lawf ull money to give to her husband to try to 
get the money and I came to my Cosen William Pattens and I got my sup- 
per and came home about 3 or 4 of the Clock in the morning and I brot 
two sides of upper leather from Fisk for David Moor My ox hide when 
gxeen weighed 86 £ and it made 34 ^ £ of tenned leather 

13"' I settled my order from the selectmen for last year being 1-19-2 }4 
Lawfull money with John McLaughlin junr Constable and alowed him to 
pay 0-12-10 Lawfull money of the order to my bror Samuel 

15"* Daniell Moor Mended a link of one Chain and the Hook of another 
and I took a Side of Sole Leather <-o David Moor and he cut the sole stuff 
for a pair of Duble sold Shoes for jonas he found the upper leather for a 
pair of Vamps he had of my Leather for David Ciu-rier and in the Evening 
I went to Esqr Rands and Settled with Capt John Stark and Capt Karr 
on my Note that I gave to Capt Stark the 8th of jany 1760 for 200 Dollars 
and with what I had paid Capt Stark in Cash and an Order of 58 Dollars 
Capt Karr drawed on me which I answered to james Cochrane and 32 
Dollars I paid Capt Karr this Evening in Cash Reduced the Debt to 37-14-0 



184 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

Lawful! niouey and the lutrest is wlioly paid off to this day for which 37- 
14-0 lawfull money I gave Capt Karr my n6te ou demand with lutrest 
iiutill paid 

16"' I mended oiir hearth and took leatlier to Sam" Patterson to make 
shoes 

17*'^ I built a back to our chimuy and in the Evening I was summoned 
to appear at Esqr Rands to give Evidence in Silas Walker and jenny 
Conns case and I got home a little before day break 

18'^ I went to Clenches with Sam^i Vose Capt Barron and Lieut Andi-ew 
Bradford to Settle and Run the line between Sowhegan East and Sowhe- 
gan West and lodged at Clenches 

19"' It began to snow the Evening before and Snowed all this day the 
wind about North and we broke up after waiting till 3 of the Clock my 
expences was 1 3d of a dollar and I lent Samuell Vose 12^/ Bay old Ten'' to 
pay his expences ahd we came home in the Evening the snow was up to 
our horses knees it snowed all the night following tho moderately untill S 
or 9 a Clock the next morning 

20"' I sent a pistereen to Math"' Littles by jonas and got two pound of 
Shiigar the snow is now 22 inches deep and very solid and we broke the 
path toward the little meadow half way 

22'! We broke quit through to the Meadow and I had a pair of oxen 
from Mr Caldwell from his house to the meadow and back as far as to the 
topp of the long Silanting hill and we brot home about 2 or 3 Cocks of hay 

23^ I finished makeing two pails for Widow Bell and sent them to her by 
jonas toward wdiich I Reed two pound of butter some time ago I supposs 
near or quite a month 

24th I ^.^(3 ^-p a pail and shaved it and my Wife was taken very much out 
of Case and I got a quart of West India Rum and 5 ig ounces of Loaf shu- 
gar from Math"' Little on credit and old Mrs Currier and young Mrs Cm-- 
rier came and tarried at our house over night 

25th J got 2 Quarts of New England Rum and a one fourth of a pound of 
Alspice on Credit of Esquire Rand and my wife was little Easeyer 

26"^ I sent a pistereen to Math^^ Little by John and got £ 2 of shugar and 
I went to Lutwyches and I got £ 2 of Rezins a 12V anfl lialf an ounce of 
Ciuemon a S/s and half an ounce of Nuttmeg a 6V all Bay old Ten"" and I 
paid the money for them and I went to Doer Parker and got some powders 
from him and spoke to him to come next day and see my wife 

27th The Doer came and see my wife and left some Elizr of Yiter and 
some powder and and some hartshorn and levander and a bit of Salve to 
spread a plaster this day was an Exceeding high wind at N: W: and very 
cold and I went to Ensu Moors mill and brot home a bushell of Rie and as 
much Wheat that Jonas took there yesterday 

28"' was very cold being Sabathday 

29"^ jonas brot one load of hay from the meadow and I brot another both 
out of McCleary Lott and I Drawed a Writ and Summons for James Cald- 
well Senr (vs) Andrew Walker very cold 

30"' very cold and Exceeding windy Sleded hay 

3P' the cold continued sleded hay 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 185 

JANUARY FIRST 1767 

the cold coutinued sleded hay 

2'^ the cold coiitiuued sleded hay 

3<^ the night before the most cold of pny we had yet and I went to james 
Gilhnors and got three pecks of Indian corn which paid me off for my 
Runing lines for him on the 28th of last Febry I had Reed half a bushell 
of rie from him the 19th of last may on the same Acct and I went to Dea- 
con James Moors and got £ }4 of Tea a 18/9 & 7 £ of shugar a 20V & a 
pound of snuff a 11/3 all Bay old Ten'' that he brot from Boston for me the 
amounted to 2-10-0 I sent 2-14-0 and he paid me the change being 4"/ Bay 
old Ten' and we finished sleding hay from the Little meadow and jonas 
got 4 bushell of Rie ground at Ensn Moors mill and I got the corn I liad at 
Gillmor ground at Ensign Moors mill this day the cold some considerable 
abated 

5"^ was more moderate in Respect of the cold and it began to Rain 

6*'i was a great Rain all day and ye snow disolved a considerable deal 

7"^ was fair weather and Exceeding pleasant and moderate 

8^^ Still very pleasant and Moderate and I attended the proprietors meet- 
ing of this town at John Bells by adjournment & adjourned further to the 
Monday the 9tli of Febry next at 2 of the clock afternoon to the same 
place 

9^'i I got a pair of shoes from Sam^ Patterson that he made for John and 
another for Bob all my stuff and I got a quart of Rum from Math"' Littles 
wife on credit and spent some hours with Bob Spear and Moly Smith and 
got the partys to leave the affair to men 

10"! I had 2 pair of Oxen from james Patterson and we hauld 4 Loggs to 
Capt Goffes Mill we went 3 times with Pattersons oxen and 3 with our 
own 

12t'i I had Pattersons 2 pair of Oxen and we hauled 5 loggs to Capt 
Goffes mill we went 3 times with Pattersons oxen and 4 with our own and 
a small logg jonas took in there before makes 10 loggs we have there now 
in all 

13'*^ I went Esquire Rands and Arbitrated with Capt Walker and Capt 
Moore between Timothy Ferrin and Jonathan Currier we spent the whole 
night following on the Business without sleep and finished the affair Next 
morning after sunrise next morning the partys settled their Diferance 
themselves 

14"> I finished makeing Cooper a joynter for Whitefield Gillmor 

lo"i I carried the joynter for Whitfield as far as Capt Goffes and it 
snowed a little in the morning and afterward it Rained and made a little 
shell of a Crust and stuck tight to the Ice underneath 

16*'^ jonas took 4 loggs to the mill wnth our own Oxen and at noon I went 
to John Bells on town accts with Capt Barron and Ensn Moor met us in 
the Evening 

17"' I had one pair of Capt Goffes Oxen and we drawed 7 loggs to the 
mill we took one logg with our own oxen before we got Goffes 

19"' Sam" Patterson sowed on a pair of Soles on my pumps of my leather 
and thread and I held a Court at John Bells james Caldwell of Bedford 



186 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

Plant and Aucli-ew Walker of New Boston Deft The plant was Non siiit 
for his not Endorsing the Writ 

20*'i I had a pair of Oxen from james Patterson and we took 6 loggs to 
the mill one logge we took with our oxen to the mill in the morning before 
we got Pattersons and I went as fai* as to Math^' Littles to see Lient INIoore 
on town affairs and met with him there and I had a jill of Rum on credit 

21*>t I went and Notified Richard McAllester and James Little to meet 
the selectmen tomorrow and went to Francis Barnetts after town papers 

22*1 I went and sawed the half of a Red oak logg at Capt Goffes mill for 
a loom and in the Evening to John Bells and Settled with Lieut Moor on 
his Oonstableship for the year 1764 and gave him a Clearance and settled 
with James Little on his Treasiu-ership for the year 1761 and gave him a 
Rect for what Rest appeared and there Remaind old Tenor uncounted for 
and made a further settlement with Richard McAllester on his constahleship 
and gave him a Rect for what he has paid it was in the latter part of the 
night when we finished our Expences was 36V old Ten'^ Capt Barron 
assisted me 

24"» Jonas workt for Jonathan Currier 

26"^ I went to John Gillmors shop and got him to begin a blade of a 
jacknif and a butcher kuif 

27'h I went to John Bells and met Capt Barron and we placed Mr Hous- 
tons Demand and Avhat he has Reed in order and I held a Court between 
james Caldwell and Adrew Walker and Caldwell was Non suited and I 
drawed one Writ to be tried the 10th of February next and John Bell served 
it Directly I got home about 2 of the Clock in the morning 

28"^ I cut 2 load of Wood 

29*"^ I went to Jonathan Chamberlains and got about 6 quarts of salt 
from him and I went to Sam'' Boyds and I got a bushell of his Salt from 
his bror Nath" 

30'^ I butchered our hoggs and in the Evening I went to Capt Barrons 
and we Writ a letter to Mr Houston and I got 4 Sceans of mohair from 
Esqr Rand 

31'*^ I sent the letter to Mr Houston pr my Bob and the after part of the 
day I spent on Jonathan Cm-riers affair who was taken with an execution by 
Tho" Eliot Depity Sheriff' the sheriff took his Neat Cattle and a liogg and 
his Gun I took the Cattle and the Gun into my custody and half the hogg 
which I am to be forthcoming for Except Accident the value of what I 
Reed the sherrif agreed to be 30 Dollars and the sheriff and Esqr Fowler 
tarried over night Avith us 

FEBRUARY 

1**' Mr Houston was in New boston 

2<i I hauled two loggs to the mill and I brot home the Stuff for the Loom 

3'^ I went norwest of the meeting house and cut a tree to make Cart 
fellows and I had John McLaughlins oxen to help me to bring it into the 
path and I took it to the mill afterwards with my own Oxen 

4th I -vvent and brot home the butt of the tree I cut yesterday for Cart 
hubbs & John Kidder got ten bushell of ashes for Esqr Rand 



MATTHE^y patten's diary. 187 

o^^ I made a Cooper joj^uter for Hugh Orr lie found the stick 

6"^ a very cold day and the night following also and I paid William Bar- 
net half a bushell of Salt that I borrowed last June 

T"> I borrowed lOV Bay old Ten'^ from John Bell and went to james Lit- 
tles and left 59/3 Bay old Ten' Ten'r with his wife to send to Boston pr 
Jenny Little and Rob"^ Gillchrist to buy a pair* of Tow Cards 7 £ of shugar 
and the Remainder in Tea 

9*'> I made a pattern for a fiddle for Ceaser Barron and in the afternoon 
was a i^roprs meeting of this to"\^ai at John Bells which I attended and it 
was farther adjourned untill the 18th of March Next to the house of Math^ 
Little and in the Evening I filled a Writ for Eben'^ Hacket against 
james Eaton to be tryd at Math^^' Littles the 23d Instant at 1 of the Clock 
afternoon 

10"> I held a Court at Math^^ Littles John Rand Esqr Plant Rob' Spear 
Deft the Plant was Non suited and another wherein james Caldwell was 
Plant and Andrew Walker was Deft after hearing the partys and their 
Evidences and Reed their papers I adjourned the Court untill the 23d In- 
stant at one of the Clock in the afternoon to Matthew Littles 

12'^ Alexander Orr and Jonathan Currier Swingled flax for me Orr 
s^\^ng•led 10^ and Cm-rier 6 and I went at John Bells Request to his 
house to do some Writings relating the Potash among the partners but 
only took miuuts to draw by and I got 5 quarts of Molasses from him on 
credit and after supper I came home late in the night 

13"^ I Avi'it the articles of agreement Relating to the Potash between 
John Bell and William Parry and I went to John Bells and Parry promised 
to pay me half a dollar for his part and Rob* Ushar paid me the other half 
Dollar in the following manner (viz) I had from Ushar 2 year this winter 
5 Quarts of Molasses came to 3 £ old Tenor and he Reed 40^' old Tenor on 
my account for aprize Wart and the half dollar for this days service made 
5 £ O : T : he owed me and he paid me the 40V which made us clear of all 
demands on either side & I paid John Bell the lOV Bay old Tenor that I 
borrowed the 7th Instant 

14th J gQ^ .^ pah- of Tow Cards and 7 £ of shugar and an ounce of Tea at 
James Littles that Rob' Gillchrist and Jenney Little brot from Boston I 
sent 57/3 Bay old Tenor and what things they brot came to 47/6 and I 
got no change and I got a b : b : of Cydar from Francis Barnet on Credit 
and I hauld a pine log to Capt Gott'es mill. 

16"' I went to John Bells with the other selectmen and Jas Caldwell jos 
scobey jas Lyon to settle with Mr Houston we obtained a clearance from 
him to the town for the year 1761 but could not get a settlement for any 
more we broke up between two and three of the clock in the morning our 
Expences was 5-13-9 old Tenor 

17"' Capt Lovewell came with a Writ & Summons from Ensu Parker 
and the Remainder of my note and I gtive new notes I gave 2 notes of 35/ 
and 2 of 30/ and one of 28/9 lawfuU money and the Interest was counted 
and put into said note and I gave Capt Lovewell my note for this writ and 
for the service of a writ last May for which I had given him a note before 
but took it up and put that and this in one being 18/ Lawfull all said 



188 MATTHEW PATTEX'S DIAKY. 

notes is on demand with lutrest till pd and I hatild 3 pine logs to Goffes 
mill 

lS"i I hanld 3 pine logs to Goffes mill 

igtii J ^yj^^ a^ Matthew Littles and Racket and Eaton settled their affair 
and Hacket paid me 3/ Lawfiill for the writ & summons and a pistereen 
for my service this day they changed Rects 

20^'^ I hanld an oak logg to the mill and broke the way to haul fence 
logs across the field before the house 

21st William Morrow brot a new woosted & wool Gown to my wife that 
her sister Jean Tolford sent her and a peticot to polly that Peggy Tolford 
sent to her new also 

23<i I held a court between james Caldwell and Andrew^ Walker Walker 
prayd a Continuance and I granted it untill Thursday the 5th day of 
March next at ten of the Clock in the forenoon to meet at John Bells 

24"! I went mth Capt Barron to John Bells at his desire and we with 
James Patterson & one John Warren measured his potash Kittles by 
Joseph Scobeys Pewter half gallon and found that they contained 45 Gal- 
lons Each by that measure Capt Barron and I charged 1 shilling Lawfull 
each and I gave him a notification to Rob' Thompson to hear some affi- 
davits taken on Friday next at John Bells at ten of the clock in the fore- 
noon and I charged him a shilling Lawfull for it 

25"i John McLaughlin junr Swingled flax for us and jonas cut wood for 
his mother on his acct and I borrowed half a sheet of paper from Jonathan 
Curriers wife and I wTit a Deed from James Moor to his Bror John of this 
town and took the acknowledgement and would not take anything for it 
on acct of former favours and I swaped away my colt to David Mc Kinney 
for a little Dutch horse and had 11 Dollars to boot he paid me 8 and gave 
me an order on Daniell Quig for 2I2 Dollars and another on David Mc- 
Cleary for % a Dollar 

26''^ I went to Ensign Parkers at Hollis to pay him a Johanna but he 
would not take it untill I could get more and I got 2 bushell of corn from 
James Mathies for my Runing lines for him and his son james the 15th of 
last Septr my expences this day was 20/ old Tenor at Mathies and I pd the 
money and John McLaughlin Junr swingled flax for us he swingled 8^2 - 

27U1 I -went to John Bells and took Capt Barrons and James Patterson 
Depositions in Bells & Thompsons case about the Potash Kittles and I 
gave a summons for Patterson in the morning all unpd my charge is a 
Dollar and jonas cutt wood for John McLaughlin for his swingling flax for 
me yesterday and I paid John Bell the remainder of the new tenor part of 
my pro\'ince Rates I paid him 20/ old Tenor before and I paid him a 3 £* 
this day and 3^2 Coper 

28*'i I workt at makeing a Bedsted 

MARCH FIRST 
I attended the funeral of old Mr Tho** Vickery who Departed this life 

The 27th ult about 10 or 11 of the Clock forenoon 

2*1 Hugh Campbell came to oui* house to make me a Suit of Cloaths 

3*^ I went to London Derry to young John Pinkertons and I got 2I2 

Dozen of Coat Buttons and 2 Dozen of jacket buttons the coat was 20V 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 189 

old Tenor pr Dozen and the jacket was 10/ pr Dozen and I pd the money it 
was a very Rainy day 

4th ^Q opened our Potatoes that was buired and they were soimd and 
good and we went to Goffes mill and haulld of a parcel of boards we have 
22 pine logs sawed out of this winters haiilling 

5 I held a Court between james Caldwell and Andrew Walker I 
adjudged Caldwell to receive £ 1-9-0 Lawful! and costs from Walker and 
Walker appealed and Hugh Campbell finished making a Suit of Oloaths 
for me and Capt Barron and I Drawed the Wart for the March meeting 
and gave John Wallace and order for 14-14-0 old Tenor being for his time 
.as a Comtee man about the Piilpit and what things he found toward it 

6"^ about noon I went and got james Patterson to help me make at 2 
bed cords and I had a qt of Rum from John Bell on credit 

7* he came after breakfast and we workt till night we lacked almost 2 
threads the length of both Ropes 

gth J gQ^; a qt of rum from Matthew Little on Credit and I finished 
makeing the Bedcords there was about 30 fathom it takes 13 fathom for a 
bed cord and a thread aboiit 104 feet is sufficient to make it and Saxa'* 
Patterson sowed on a pair of half soles on jonases Shoes 

10*'^ I new faced Hugh Orrs joynter and workt at makeing a new one 
for him 

13*'^ I went to old Mrs Vickerys and writ the writings for the settlement 
of the Estate among the heirs for which they gave me two bushell of corn, 
home ■with me I got home a little before break of day 

14tii I got one and one half bushell of the corn ground at Ensign Moors 
Mill 

16^*^ I had James Pattersons oxen helping me a little more than half the 
day drawing fenceing logs across the old field 

17"^ I drawed second logs with my own oxen and horse Matthew Little 
gave me a breachem and lent me a pair of Heams 

18'^^ was a proprietors meeting of this town at Matthew Little which I 
attended and I got a pair of Calfskin Vamps from David Moor for my 
Wifes shoes 

19*'^ Samuell Patterson went home by my hoixse from the meeting yes- 
terday and cutt out the sole stuff for my wifes shoes and Sole stuff for a 
pair for me that is out sole stuff for each pair there was insole and heel 
stiTff at his house and I had Matthew Littles and James Pattersons oxen, 
and Capt Goflfes oxen part of the time and we drawed in onto the ways 
12 pine logs and one oak of mine and tliree oakes for Goffe I have only ^ 
white pine loggs more to Draw in & I had a ewe Died the night before 
who was taken last saterday 

20*h we hauld the top logs for the fence across the old field 

21"*' in the morning it snowed and then rained hard the greatest part of 
tlie day 

22'^ I heard Mr Moor preach in Beflford in ye forenoon from the 17th 
verse of the 32d chapter of Isiah and in the afternoon from the 9th of the 
Hebrews and 27th verse the night following we had a lamb die that was 
lambd the niglit before 



190 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

23'! I went to old Mr Blodgets and got from him 27 £ of Dry fisli 26/ Bay 
old Tenor Tweed owes me for measnreing a peice of laud wliieli I alow to 
be offsett toward them and the Remainder I OAve for being 14/6 Bay old 
Tenor a 1/6 per £ 

24"^ I hanld my boards off the mill and a Small Stock of oak Plank and 
I got a black Cherry the stick sawed that grew in Pattersons land on the 
brook Samuel Patterson cut it it had lyan 5 or 6 year and was Consider- 
ablely damaged and David Moor sewed on a pair of soles on my pumps the 
leather was mine and the thread was his 

25*'^ was our annual meeting and I was chosen Clerk and secondd 
selectman and John Bell gave the last years Selectmen a Dinner at free 
coast 

26"^ On the 24th I lent Daniell Moore blacksmith my horse to go to 
Amherst for iron and he returned the 25th in the afternoon to the meet- 
ing house and there he tyed him to the fence and at Evening he went off 
to John Bells and tarried there all night and jas Wallace was at Mr Hous- 
tous who gave the horse same hay in the morning and afterward turned 
him loose in the field to pick what he coiild find and Moore came after 
him about 9 of the clock and about 10 or 11 brot him home 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM THE 26th OF MARCH AND 
PART OF SAID DAY PART OF WHICH DAY IS 
IN THE FOREGOING BOOK 

and he told me at Bells in the evening that the horse was broke lose 
when he left the meeting house which was not so for Deacon Gillmore 
saw him there after the meeting was adjourned aboiit 10 of the clock I 
set of to look for the horse and went to Moors shop and found he had not 
come home from thence I went to the meeting house and toward John 
Bells I met with James Wallace who told me the horse was tied all night 
and told me he gave me a lock of hay in the morning and then let him 
lose and Moor told him he had been looking for the horse all night and 
presently after he said he told my joas to take him home the Evening 
before 

27"^ I found the symptons of ague in my flesh 

28"^ I was obliged to ly in bed and the Rose broke out in the inside of 
my left leg on the Calf and partly on the backside my wife tryd to sweat 
me but could not and jonas was much out of case allso with a Cold and 
lay by all day 

29"^ jonas and I lay all day 

30*'^ we felt a little better and in the afternoon I attended our annual 
meeting by adjournment whicli finished it 

3P' I had a new Shoe set on my horses off fore foott where there was a 
new one set on last Tuesday and was off on Thursday att Daniel Moors 
shop by Mr Ross and I went to Litchfield to divide of widow Parkers 
thirds and I got a 5 pail Kittle from Esqr Rand at £ 20 old Tenor price it 
Aveighed 67 £ lodged at ■widow Parkers 



MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 191 

APRIL FIRST 

Divided or Run "widow Parkers 3ds off and lodged at William Pattersons 

2'^ I run the line between liim and Lieut Heldretli and then went and 
run a peice of a line for sd Hildi-eth and Bixby I charged 10 / Bay O : T : 
and I owed him 15/ Bay Old Tenor for half a bushell of Rie I had from 
his son David last year and I paid him 5/ Bay O : T : with the 10/ I Earnd 
pd the 15/ I owed for the half bushell of Rie and I came home in the after- 
noon in company with Whitcomb that Silas Barns sent to get a Deed of 
our Right in No 6 and I signed the Deed and he paid the value of 110 Dol- 
lars in Gold and Silver one quarter was mine 

• 3'i I went to Hollis and paid Ensn Benj° Parker 24 Dollars being 20s/ 
Bay old Tenor more than I owed him and he could not pay it to me for 
want of change and I lodged at Esqr Cumings. 

4"> I went to Mr jas Gordons shop in Dunstable and I got one ii'on pot 
ig lb Tea one Quire of paper one bottle of snuff without the bottle 1% 
Chalk and ue sive bottom and 5 Qts of Molasses came to 5-14-8 Bay old 
Tenor and I paid him 3 Dollars and I owed him something before and the 
3 dollars Reduced it that I owe him 3-2-5 bay old Tenor and I came home 

gth I -y^rrit; ^ Deed from Deacon Smith to his son james and aclaiowl- 
edged it and a note for 80 Dollars to the deacon from james and would 
not take anything for my pains and I sent james to Tho^ Eliot on acct of 
Curriers Cattle and a letter with him for Eliot 

7"' I went to Ensn Moors Mill and got l^o bushell of Wheat and as miich 
Rie ground and I came home by the spruce swamp by Taggarts and got 
some spruce 

9th I -^ent with William Patterson of Litchfield to New boston to help 
him to settle some affau-s between him and Andrew Walker but Walker 
was not at home I lodged at James Phersons 

10*'^ I came home & Major Tolford and John Caldwell Lodged at my 
house 

11"^ I went to London Derry with Major Tolford and I settled my note 
with james Cochrane and I paid Major Tolford his part and his bror Will- 
iams part of the price of our No G Right W'" Tolford lent his part to me 
and I pd it to the Major an acct of Cochrane and I gave my note to the 
Major for 9-2-6 and I sent a note to William Tolford for 8-5-0 which 2 
sums makes what I owed Cochrane and 19/0 La Mo of Extraordinary Int- 
rest which 8-5-0 was William Tolfords part of said right and I paid Major 
Tolford 4-10-0 old Tenor for my part of the Charges on sd Right and the 
said Sum out of Caldwells part of the money and the Remainder of Cald- 
wells part of the price of said Right I pd to Rob* MacMurphy for him 
there was 4 Guines that wanted 19 grains of Weight Which the Major 
took and is to be made up to him being 7/11 Bay old Tenor each we expect 
that the man that paid it to us will make it up and I lodged at Rob' Mac- 
murphys 

12"^ I went to Mr Davidsons Meeting and heard him preach from the 
54th verse of the 119th Psalm and I lodged at W'» Morrows 

13"^ I got 1}4 bushell of Corn from William Morrow and I got it ground 
at Col Goffes mill as I came home yesterday Mr Houston was absent 



192 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

from Bedford and in the afternoon I went to the Eaising of Ensn Mc- 
Laiiglilins Barn 

14"^ I divided the boards with Capt Goffe that he Sawed for me this 
spring there was 33 logs that we divided there is one white pine stock yet 
to divid and 2 logs of white pine yet to Saw that Goffe is to have all the 
boards my half is to pay 145 feet I borrowed from him last spring and 
if there is any over he is to pay me for them again I let him have 78 feet 
of white oak 2^0 plank which paid him for his sawing plank for my Cart 
fellows and Stiiff for a loom and maple I have there now to make a Bed- 
stead of and a Cherry tree that he sawed into boards he sawed and made a 
Crooked axle tree for his Wheels the stick was mine and I am to have it 
as soon as I get a pair of wheels. 

lo"> was the Province Fast and I went to Blodgets farm to sam" Blod- 
get and carried him a coppy of the proprs Names of Goft'stown and 
of the Votes relateing his farm and charged him nothing and he gave me 
30 Sj £ of Dry polock fish a present 

16"^ I finished sowing the peice between the house and barn with peas I 
sowed a bushell and 5 quarts on it and Mr Eliot the sherrift' came here 
about Curriers Cattle and tarried over night 

17"^ he went away but continued the cattle still in my Custody for a 
month and I got what hay Currier had which was about 3 Cocks and that 
not good it had lost the Colour before he got it home last summer and it 
took Rain in the Hovil and was Qute yelow and my wife pd Mai-gi-et and 
Ann Wallace for their spining at our house last faull in flax at 4 £ pr week 
each amounting to 18 £ of flax 

18"^ I paid Capt Love well 3 Dollars that I gave him my note for being 
for the service of 2 "s^Tits and one of the ^^Tits the one was a Court va-it 
that he served for Ensn Parker to last June court the other was a justices 
last Febry from Ensign Parker also but Parker denies that he alowed him to 
fill a ^vl•it for me only to come and if I had the money to Receive it and if 
I had not for me to Renew^ the note the Court -svrit I pd Mr Livermore for 
last faull 

20"^ my boys and I laid up the Log fence across the old field before the 
house 

2P' I took a Bill of Sale frt)m Jonathan Currier of an Oval Table Chest 
of Drawers a great Chau- and G painted Chairs and a new Coverlit in the 
room of his Cow which I let him have to give milk to his Wife it began to 
Rain about the time the Moon Quartered 

22'i Rained hard in the morning the wind at about E : S : E : and blowed 
considerable hard and Rained a considerable and I entered the March 
meeting Wart and Votes in the town book 

23<i I went to Dunstable and got }4 a bushell of barly Malt at Taylors 
for which I paid X of a dollar and I got 1 Dozn knifs and forks a 2-10-0 1 
ounce of Indigo a 9/2 £ red wood a 5/3^ £ of Powder a 8/3 Hundi-ed of 
Board nails a 22/(5 5 Quarts of Molasses a 20/ ^.. £ of Glow a 4/6 and i^ pint 
of Rum 1/3 all bay old Tenor from Ovid Houston and I pd him a Dollar 
toward them and I got 1 ounce of Onion Seed from Mrs Harwood for 
which I paid her 4/1 Bay old Tenor 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 193 

24"^ I paid Capt Goffe 21 nails that joiias borrowed this week and I had 
1 pair of Clogstons oxen and we brot home 2 stocks and 2 boards from 
Capt Goffes mill measuring 530 feet 

25"* I finished makeing a Bedsted for ourselves 

27th ^g jif^fi Qii^Y Heifer Calve in the morning a Cow Calf and james 
Patterson Gelded 2 pigs and 2 Lambs and a boar that we kept over winter 

28"' I Drawed a Complaint and warrant for Hugh Rowan against jaf- 
frey Donahu james Riche and Alexander Graham for an Assault and 
Battrey with 5 Supeneas unpaid the charge is 5V LawfuU money and I 
got 5^-2 £ of Veal of Jonathan Curriers Calf a 3 V6d pr £ old Tenor from 
Esqr Rand or Currier as it may be settled and I went to the saw mill and 
my Bror Sam^i hauUing logs and I got his 2 i?air of Oxen to help me haul 
home 38 7 feet of Boards on Capt Goffes Draughts and I went to Jonathan 
Chaniberlins to Run lines for him tomorrow 

29"' I Measured from the Southeasterly corner of the bounds of land 
Chamberlin has now in the law to the River on the point S 85 W two 
miles and 32 Rods And we came came to the River at the Corner of Litch- 
field a Red oak tree Marked in McNights field and I came to Col Goffes 
and I measured 7 acres that he let Esqr Rand have where Rands house 
stands and John Got 3 bushell of Indian Corn from Moses Vickery and got 
1J4 bushell of it ground at Col Goffes mill 

MAY FIRST 

I workt at Makeing a Chest to carrie to amoskieg. 

2*1 I got Capt Walkers Spade and I diged our Garden 

3<i our Bell Cow Calved a Bull Calf 

4"' John McLaughlin Junr got 2 pigs for two I got from him last Sum- 
mer and I went to Esqr Rands and was Sworn as an Evidence in the Case 
between the Proprietors of Londonderry & Jonathan Chamberlin (viz) 
how far his land is from Merrimack River There was a great Rain this 
latter part of the Day 

5"* I gave james Caldwell senr a Summons for three Witnesses to be 
sworn at John Bells the 18th Jnstant and a Notification to Andrew Walker 
to come and hear them sworn and I coppyd for John Bell his and W" 
Parrys articles Relateing then- Potash all unpaid and I butchered one of 
our pigs and jonas got a peiceof butter from old Mrs McLaughlin about )4 
a pound and a wooden bottle of Cyder from james Little 

6"' jolin Jempson made me a pair of svirbauds for a Chest and a Staple 
for a bolt to lock in and I gave him a Dram on the acct 

7"' I finished Makeing a Chest to take to Amoskeig and we began to 
plant Potatoes in the old Cow yard 

8"' we planted part of the peice before the Barn with potatoes and I 
made a Hand borrough 

9"* I went to Esqr Holands to give Evidence between the Proprs of 
Londonderry and Jonathan Chamberlin for the Proprs and they gave me 
£42:0 old Tenor for my service and I came as far as Col : Goffes and tar- 
ried there till morning 

10"' I came home and sent jonas to John Bell and got i., ^ o^' Tea and a 
13 



194 MATTHEW patten's DIAliY. 

"bottle of Smiflf doue in paper that he brot from. Ovid Hoiistoii for me and 
Mr Houston was absent from Bedford 

lltii J got 3 quarts and about 3 half pints of Hemp seed from james Pat- 
terson and I sowed some of it by the Gate & some between and the Cellar 
and some before the Barn and we sowed the Garden below the Well 

12*'^ I met at John Bells on acct of Hugh Rowens case the officer Mr 
Gearfield apprehended Alex' Graham and summoned 4 Evidences and 8 
appeared and for want of the other Evidences I Recognized Graham and 
the Evidences who ware to appear at John Bells on the 21*' Instant at one 
of the Clock in the afternoon and jonas got 3 bushell of Corn from Moses 
Vickery and got it ground at Col : Goffes Mill 

13"* I sowed some Hemp seed in the Hollow above the old Garden and 
loj the fence between the house and barn I have sowed about 3 quarts of 
liemp seed in all and I sowed about 3 quarts of Barly and I lost a lamb 
toward Evening we found it next morning when we skin,d it it appeard 
to be much bruised On the off side against the Kidney and forward to the 
Ribs and down On the belly and the near side opposite to the hart but not 
so high up was bruised but not so much as the off side 

15'ii I sowed about a bushell and 27j>'2 quarts of Flax seed above the 
Barn and I got 3 Gallons of Tar from Capt Barron and a quart of Rum 
from Esqr Rand on C 

16''' I went afishing to Seabens Pond and I catchd 20 Pickerel and I 
finished makeing a Canno all but Pitching 

18"' I went to Esqr Holands at Capt Karrs Request to see hiiu on acct 
of the money I owe him and I came home and I went to John Bells and 
took some affidavits for james Caldwell (vs) Andrew Walker and the boys 
planted the peice back of the Barn with Corn and Potatoes and Dunged it 
they carried the Dung from the barn And my Wife got £ 6 and 11 ounces 
of Pork from jon* Curriers Wife & I pd Esqr Underwood 40/2 old Tenor 
the Remainder of y*^ price of two bushell of Rie I had from him two year 
ago or there about. 

19"» My wife carried a web to David McClearys and the boys fenced in 
the Lane between the House and barn and planted a few potatoes and 
went to the ponds and catched 29 Pickeral & poarch and one pout and 
W"' Morrow brot us 4 shad in the Evening after we were in Bed 

20"' this morning before we were up our Black Cow Calved a Bull Calf 
and I took W'" Morrows Horse to the Sceane to him and I helpt two or* 
three HauUs and the Company gave me 15 Shad and I hot a bushell of 
Salt from Moses Watt for 4 £ old Tenor and I paid him the money 

21*^ I got a qt of Rum from M : Little on C'' and I gave the most of it to 
the scean men over against Pattersons and I fished at that Scean from 
dark to Sun Rise and I got 60 shad for my divede and in the afternoon I 
went to John Bells to hold a Court between Hugh Rowen Comp and Alex' 
Graham Resp' and Rowen not appearing to prosecute his Compt nor no 
person for him I dismist Graham and the Wituessess without Examining 
them of the affair 

22'' Reed 3 Hundred of 10'' Nails from jon* Currier that he brot from 
Mr Gordons fcir me on Esqr Rands acct 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 195 

23'' 1 butchered oiu- heifer Calf it weighed 33 £ aud I got a pair of 
Cauuo sides from Capt Goffe and I nailed them on the bottom 

25"> I finished makeing and pitching the Cauno for myself and the one 
for Esq Rand and I borrowed about a gallon of Tar from Capt Goffes wife 

26*'' I Coppyd of Caldwells and Walkers case for Walker and Walkers 
acct for Caldwell and John got 3 bnshell of corn from Moses Vickery 

27"* I sent my own Canno to amoskieg by Capt Walker and my bror 
Samiiell Team and I sent the Canno I made for Esqr Rand to Goffes ferry 
with my Oxen and jonas with them aud one Paddle and I made off a pair 
of trucks to go to the falls to bring home fish and John got 3 bushell of 
meal ground at Ensn Moors and he got .^OH yards of Dimity at David Mc- 
Clearys that he wove for us 

28"' I went to fish at Anioskeeg and I fished untill thee 6th of June at 
night and in that time I sent home 354 and I got 60 of jonas that he 
would not sell and 38 of John I gave 100 for 2io bushell of salt and 60 I let 
Ensn Daniel moor have toward what I owe him and 20 I let Capt Walker 
and my bror have 120 I sold for money and a hoe 10 I gave Rob* McMur- 
phy and 10 I let Gan Riddell have toward }4 a Gallon of Rum I had from 
him last summer 

gth gth iQth 11"* and 12"* in the forenoon I mth jas Patterson Eben' 
Hacket and Alex'^ McMurphy we workt at our fishing place between the 
Pulpit and Sullivans Point we Settled our acct Relateiug to the makeing 
it and I had 2:19:6 conieing to me Hacket was to pay me 2:4:6 and 
there was 15»/ in my hand by 5 shad that I sold and he owes me 1 : 9 : 6 all 
old Tenor And I bot a Barrell of Cyder from Capt Walker and my bror 
for a Dollar and I pd them the money I owe the bringing it on to the 
Island from the East side yet 

14"* Was Sacrement in Bedford and Mr McGregore assisted mr Hous- 
ton 

lo"* John Gillmor made a New Shoe for my Horse of my iron and steal, d 
the toe of another and Sett them and Charged 20V old Tenor and I went 
to the falls to look for a Net and bow and pole that John took to fish at the 
Setting place but could not find it 

16"* I went to Amherst to Mr Heldreths a Witness in james Caldwells 
and Andrew Walkers case and I tarried over night 

17"* I came home about the middle of the Day 

18"* was a considerable Rain 

19"* I went and got me some Ash for scoop net bows and made two and 
we hung our fly net and catched 2 salmon Mc Laughlin and Patterson 
divided the largest in two and I had the smalest mine weighed 10?^ theii\s 
I suppossed weighed about two or 3 pounds more than mine 

22'' I writ a Deed from Tho« Boies to Hugh Campbell of the Lott No 12 
in the 8"* Rang and went and Run Round it to be paid by Boies and Tho" 
Boies and I writ and Signed 4 warrants to 4 of the surveyors of highways 
and I shaved 3 scoop net Bows and bended them 

23'' I went and Run lines for Capt John Stark about Tho* Russ's place 
by Arnoskeeg falls and I catched a salmon I suppossed would weigh 18 £ 
and I left it under the floor of Capt Karrs house but when I came there in 



196 , MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

the Evening my Salmon was gone and Esqr Me Allan and Ephraim Mar- 
tain helped me look for it some time but could not find it 

24''* I went to the falls in the forenoon and I catched a Salmon that 
weighed about 12 £ and in the afternoon my boys and I sticked np what 
boards I had at Capt Goffes mill we had 115 boards in Number and james 
Patterson and Nath'' and I catched 2 salmon and I had ^o of one that 
weighed 6 £ and we sent one of our boys to Matthew Littles and got a 
pound of Shugar and a pint of Rum from him on Or 

27'^ I carried a Note of 4 : 4 : 9 La Mo : to against Lieut Josiah Brown 
to Amoskieg and sent it from there by Ensn McAllan to Capt John Stark 
to Receive the money for me and there was 3/3 La : Mo : to be added 
makes 4:8:0 prinsaple and Intrest on it for 13 months And I hot a bottle 
of snuff from Tho' Russ boy for 40"/ old Tenor and I pd for it and in the 
morning james Patterson brot me 3 Salmon that weighed 20 pound & Tho^ 
McLaughlin had one that weighed 15 £ and Patterson had half a salmon 

28*'^ I went to New Boston and heard Mr Moor and Mr Davidson the 
administered the sacrament Mr Moor carried on he preached the Acention 
seromon and fenced the Tables Mr Willson assisted likewise I lodged at 
Alex'' McOolums & Mr Houston was at Hillsborough 

29"^ I went to Meeting and heard Mr Willson and I Came by Matthew 
Caldwells and swore him to an acct and came home I borrowed Alex'' Mc- 
Collums Hooks and Mandrell for Tm-ning Dishes 

30*'' I began to try to turn Dishes and Tho^ McLaiighlin catched 6 Sal- 
mon one he gave Capt Goffe for helping him to draw and one I got of 
12 £ and Tho'* and Jamie got 22 £ Each 

JULY FIRST 

we hauled and catched one that weighed 20 £ and Jamey had it he is 
3 £ ahead of Tho^ and 17 ahead of me and I got /o a Salmon that weighed 
almost 6 £ and one that weighed 8% and another peice that weighed 7 £ 

2'' I hauled alone in the morning and catched one that weighed 1 1 1^ £ 
and Patterson got it and I went to fish at Amoskieg for Salmon but got 
none and Thomas Eloit came to my house about Jonathan Curriers Cattle 
that he took with an Execution last Janury and Lodged at my house the 
night following 

3'' I went to Matthew Littles and Writ a Deed from Christopher Will- 
iams to jotham Tuttle and another from sd Williams to Geo Hadley and 
another from sd Tuttle to sd Hadley and took the acknowledgements of the 
3 and an Instrument from Tuttle to Hadley for Tuttle to lift a mortgage 
that lay on the land he Deeded to him and I Drawed an Acct for Tuttle 
against Josiah Folensbe and swore him to it Williams is to pay me one 
shilling Lawful mo and Hadley is to pay me 3V La : Mo : in Corn and 
Tuttle paid me one shilling La : Mo : and he owes me 2/ yet and I bot a 
Scyth from Matthew Little on Cr 

4th I -^vent along with John Clogston and Benj Davis and Run Round 
the lott no 2 in the second Rang on the south side of Piscataquog River in 
Goffstown and Divided it in equal halfs between them Clogston is to give 



MATTHEW patten's DTAr.Y. 197 

me a bushell of Rie for his part and Davis to let nie have as much for his 
part for my service 

6"^ I took the Invoice of all West of me of my part except the Curriers 
& Morrials aud Murdough and I went to Jonathan Lyons and he gave me 
an old Horse Collar 

7"' I drawed up james Caldwells cost in his and Andi-ew Walkers case 
since the jugemeut I gave and james Patterson brot me a salmon that 
weighed 19^^ £ they got 3 the one that jamie got weighed 11 £ and Tho^ 
weighed 17 £ and Tho^ and Col Goffe and I hauled at noon and we 
catched 3 one gave the colonel that weighed I suppose 18 £ I got one that 
weighed 203;^ and Tho^ got one of 12^^ £ 

8"' I Run lines for Col Goffe about the home lotts in Bedford (viz) No 
39 & 41 but could not finish the corner bound being chiefly gone and the 
lines being exceeding brushey 

10*'^ I turned some Dishes and took my plough irons to Daniel Moor to 
be -mended and on the 9th I hauled home two jags of boards from Capt 
Goffes mill with my oxen and horse 

11"^ Daniel Moor laid a peice of iron and steel on the colter of my 
plough iron and I turned some Dishes 

12"^ Mr Houston was absent from Bedford and was in Londonderry in 
Mr MacGregores Room 

13*'' I began to plough in my field before the house I ploughed about 
half the day 

14th J -went with Mr Tho^ Eloit to Ephraim Martains to see to get in 
with partners with him in the Mine he has found which was Defered 
untill Capt Martain comes from Cohass and I butchered a Calf that jonas 
got from james Patterson it weighed 44 £ of meat aud oIq sldn he got it 
for his freedom frolick which is this day and jamie Patterson and Tho* 
Maclaughlin and my John went to Sebeans brook and catched one Salmon 
that weighed 10 £ aud they sent it to be Cooked for jonas frolick 

16"' I sent to james Mathies to Arbitrate with Lieut Reed aud Arthur 
Darrah between Capt Ezekial Greele and Alexander Orr concerning a 
note given the 28th of March 1753 continued on the business till past 
Midnight 

17"' we finished and both partys aquiesed and Exchanged Receipts and 
Capt Greele gave me a Dollar for my pay and I came home by dark 

18"' I ploiighed about half the day 

20"' I paid Francis Barnet 4-10-0 old Tenor for a barrel of Cyder I had 
from him the 14th of last February and I had John Clogstons oxen plough- 
ing and he had my horse to plough among his Corn in their Room 

21 & 22*1 was Rainey Weather and on the 22d John got 3 bushell of 
Indian corn from Moses Vickery and got it ground at Ensign Moors mill 

23<i I had Kidders Steers helping me to jilough we ploughed some more 
than half tlie day 

24"' I had the same steers helping me plough 

25"' I finished ploughing the old field bi^fore the house by noon I had 
Kiddc^rs steers helping me to finish and y(\sterday Susannah got 8}( £ of 
pork from james Littles wife for (5 Dishes she got the 23d and she sent us 



198 ]MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

a pig for a Roaster aud I sent johu to Eusigu Moors mill and got 3 biisliell 
of Rie ground 

26"^ I heard Mr Williams of Wiuham preacli in Bedford for Mr Houston 
in the forenoon from the 26th vai-se of the 16th of Matthew and in the 
afternoon from the Parable of the prodigal son in the 15th of Luke 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM THE 26th OF JULY 1767 

27"' James Patterson and I catched a Salmon between break of day and 
Sun Rise that Weighed 12 £ we divided it in 3 equal shares among us and 
McLaughlin aud I ploughed with my own oxen and horse in the field 
above the barn and I went to the brook in the afternoon and we hauld 
and catched 4 salmon and James patterson & Tho» McLaughlin and I 
evend all our severall divids of fish this Summer and I got ^ of a 16 £ 
Sahnon aud McLaughlin had the other lialf and one of 9 pound and jamey 
had one of 19 pound and another of 10 £ which division made all oiir other 
divisions this summer Even 

28"^ we catched 4 Salmon at pattersous Brook one at cold brook and 4 at 
Sceekos brook I got 4 that weighed 32 £ in our Division that weighed 36 
by my Stillards jamey got 29 £ and Maclaughlin 30 by our division and 
I ploughed the Remainder of the day with my oxen and horse above the 
Barn 

29"' my John and I went and hauld in the afternoon and we catched 2 
Salmon I had one that weighed 7^ £ and Tho" and Jamey had the other 
I suppose weighed about 9 or 10 £ and I got a quart of Rum from Esq 
Rand 

30"' I ploughed with my own oxen and horse and Tlio» Maclaughlin 
catched one Salmon that weighed 9 2 we are all even only jamey is one 
pound behind 

31^' I had John Maclaughlins oxen helping me plough and vnth the heat 
and the Shower that was in the afternoon we ploughed about half the day 

AUGUST FIRST 

I had John McLaughlins oxen helping about half of the forenoon and I 
finished fello^ving my field above the barn and I drawed an advertisment 
to piit into the prints for the sale of Tho" Halls place for John Hall 

2'! Mr Houston was in Hillsbourgh and Capt Barron Drawed a Double 
tooth for Susanna it had 3 prongs 

3'i Jonas helped me to Reap and Susanna got a gallon of Rum from 
Matthew Little for me and she got a pound of shugar from him and gave 
him 20V old Tenor and the overplus I am to have credit for and I sowed 
the Turnip seed on the Right hand as we go to the Well 

4"' we finished the peice above the barn and reaped a few sheaves in 
the field above my brors and I spent full half the day with John Quig and 
I butchered a Ewe I did not weigh her my Stilyard was from home and I 
got one 3d of a 10 £ Salmon that jamey Patterson catched 

5"' Joshua Blodget helped me to reap some better than one half the day 
it raiud the most part of the afternoon we Reaped 8 Stooks and 2 Sheaves 
and my jamey and I went to the mouth of the brook at Pattersons and 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 199 

catched a Salmon that weighed 9^^ £ and I Drawed a Complaint for 
Jannet Qnig against Ann Gibson Directed to Col Goffe 

6"^ was wet the fore part of the day and my Rob' and I went and 
catched a Salmon that weighed 123^^ £ and jamey Patterson and Tho^ 
McLaughlin had it and they brot me the one I catched yesterday and we 
Reaped S^a Stooks and a half 

7"^ jouas and joshiia Blodget helped me the most of the day we Reaped 
14 stooks and my jamey and jamey Patterson and I catched a Sahnon that 
weighed 8^2 £ and we gave it to Sam" Patterson and my susa carried it 
to his house 

8"^ it misted and wet in the morning that I Reaped none all day I 
mended up 2 Rakes and spent near half the day with Capt BaiTon and 
John began to Plough the field by my brors and our young Cow took Bull 
of Capt Barrons bull 

IQth "VVilliam Errowiu helped me to Reap we finished my Rie we Reaped 
7 Stooks I have 33 Stooks iji the field by my brors and I got a quart of 
Rum from Matthew Little on Credit 

11"^ I had Capt Goffes Cart and Carted in my rie I have 40 Stooks in all 
this year 

12*'' I mended at my rakes in the forenoon and in the afternoon I went 
to James Aikens and got 3 £ of Tobacca to be settled toward what he 
owed me and Jonathan Currier brot me a bottle of Snuff that I sent for to 
Ovid Houston by Rachel Searles last week I sent 18V Bay old Tenor by 
her for it 

13'*^ Jonathan Currier gave us a pig for Roasting and I killed and I got 
a quart of Rum from Matthew Little on Cr and I began to mow in the 
Little Meadow in the burnt lott 

14"' I mowed some and bob and I Raked 10 Cocks 

15*'' I finished mowing the burnt lott it Rained the night before and 
this morning and Rained 2 showers this afternoon 

16"' sabbathday was a very clear day the night following it Rained 

17th I -vvent to Lucy Barrons and got her to cut out a pair of Tow 
britches for myself and it Rained a Shower about 2 o Clock that I could 
not take any care of my hay at the meadow and I butchered a Ewe 

18"' jotham Tuttle senr came and helped me and we began to mow iu 
the Squar in the little Meadow on the East side of the brook and we 
Raked up the Remainder of the burnt Lott 

19"' sd Tuttle helped me and Jonathan CiuTier helped me mow a little 
more than half the day 

20"' sd Tuttle and Sam" Patterson helped me we finished mowing the 
squar and yesterday and today I borrowed two fulls of my little wooden 
bottle of Rum from James Caldwell junr 

21** Tuttle went home in the morning Early aud Jonathan helped me 

22'' sd Currier helped me in these two days we Stacked the hay on the 
burnt lott and two stacks on the squar (viz) one on the east side of the 
brook of 37 Cocks and one S : W : of tlu^ Maple tree of 32 cocks tliere was 
33 on the burnt lott and we Raked up what Remaind of the squar there 
is 76 cocks iu tin; sciuar yt't to stack 



200 MATTHEW patten's DIAUY. 

25 26 27 & 28"^ my boys and I workt at mowing the dispute lott sliake- 
ing out 9 cocks in the sqnar that we raked on saterday and Raking and 
Stacking the whole that Remains there was 27 cocks on the Dispute Lott 
this week I got a quart of Rum from Matthew Little and on the 25th John 
got 1}4 hushell of Indian corn from Moses Vickery I have 205 Cocks in 
number in the Little meadow this year the half of them were small this 
week hitherto has been Exceeding hot weather on the 28th in the after- 
noon at evening there came up a great Thunder shower attended by 
aboundance of thunder and Lightening and in the Evening there came up 
another attended also "svith abundance of thunder and Lightning both 
hea\^ showers and came from the Northwest or between that and west 

29th rpjjg g^. q^^- J. pQQ-^ ^^^ J gQ^ ^ Gallon of Rum from Matthew Little 
and I butchered a Ewe 

31st I went to the little Meadow and gathered up hay that Deacon 
Smiths oxen had tore out of 4 of my stacks james Caldwell junr informed 
me of it John Mcneall see them in the meadow yesterday and John went to 
Londonderry 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

Jonathan Currier helped me mow half the day and John brot home a 
bushell of the salt that I bot of Lieut Stinson last spring and jean 
Macmurphys side saddle 

2*1 was a Cloudy day and I had John Maclaughlins junrs horse and my 
wife went to bostonward to sell some cloath and thread and I borrowed a 
bushell of Oats from Matthew Little for Her to carrie with her and John 
went with her as far as John Jacobs with her and he paid james Caldwell 
junr the 2 quart bottles full of Rum that I borrowed from him while I 
was geting my hay at the Little meadow and samuell Patterson mended 
my Saddle bags and I shaved shingles for him for it and I lent Sam^' 
Patterson 8 quart Potts full of Salt 

3*1 Jonathan currier and I mowed in my meadow and Samuell Patter- 
son finished shaving and bundling l^g thousand of Shingles that I lent 
him which was split out lying at my house 

4"^ I mowed the most of the day as far up as the croth of the brook and 
the boys raked what Jonathan Currier and I mowed the 1st Instant into 
winrows 

5"> was a small frost and I cut our tobacca all down and I lent Jonathan 
Currier 4^2 bushell of Ashes and we got the hay in Cocks a little above 
the Beaver Dam there is 66 cocks of it 

6"* Mr Houston was absent from Bedford there was a frost this morning 

7th T^Q hung up our Tobacco in the sheeps house we have about 412 
stalkes a great many of them is small 

gth J -^yrit a letter to Col Atkinson for Jonathan Blanchard Esqr to Ex- 
cuse my going to the Superiour Court this month and I mowed the after- 
noon in the north prong in my meadow and John got l^^ bushell of Indian 
Corn from Moses Yickery and brot it to Col Goffes mill and left it there 
over night and almost ^2 ^ bushell of Rie that he carried from home with 
him 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 201 

9"' I finished mowing my meadow at home and I got Capt Goffes Cart 
and John and james brot in a Jag of hay in the evening 

lO*"* was a considerable shower in the morning and was cloudy all day 
and misted by turns 

ll'h was a fair day and the childer workt at turning the cocks upside 
down and they carted in a Jag in the Evening 

12"^ they carted in two jags the second jamey Pattterson helped them 
and he got away the cart and they tooped up the cocks and turned and 
shook out what was Unraked and my wife came home from Boston on 
this day I got a Sweat 

18"^ I sent John home with John Maclaughlius Horse 

14th I ^yas out of case so that I could do no work and the childer Raked 
and cocked the hay in the noth prong of the meadow 

15"^ they finished Rakeing hay there is about 110 cocks in the meadow 
at home and we carted in 3 jags today I workt some today 

16"^ was a Rainy day throughout and I writ a deed from Noah Thayer 
and his bror Jonathan of their 3d Division and Meadow lott To Tho'* Mur- 
dough and they pd me for \^Titing the Deed 

17 18 & 19"^ Continued Rainy cloud weather 

20"» was a clear pleasant day and warm 

2P' a clear pleasant day and warm 

22<i was a Clear pleasant day and warm and I went out to show jonas 
Cutting the lott I had from Capt Karr by the way of Tho« Hall 

23'^ I finished mending my Plough that John broke and it came on a 
Rain in the after part of the day and Evening which fell out very pleuti- 
full 

34th 25th I ^yith Capt Barron and Thomas Boies make the minister town 
and Province Rates at Matthew Littles our Expences in these two days 
was 4V La^^^ull money 

26"» John thrashed 14 sheaves or Rie and I cleaned it there was a little 
above a bushell of it and I took it to Ensn Moors mill and got it Ground it 
is the first we have had of new Rie except what shelled in Pitching 

27"' Mr Houston was in Hillsbourgh 

28"' plowed above the Barn 

29"' was a Rainy day and Mr Wilkins came to get Signers for Amherst 
to be the Shire town of this County and Capt Barron jamey Patterson and 
I of this town and W"' Macdugall of Goffestown signed for it in this house 

SO"' I finished plowing the field above the Barn and plowed a few bouts 
in the field above the House 

OCTOBER FIRST 

in the afternoon I attended the funeral of W'" Arrowins child and my 
Wife got an Earthen pot from Esqr Rand at 18V old Ten'^ price 
2*1 I shaved some shingles and the boys Harrowed yesterday and today 
S"! I sowed a bushell and 12 Quarts of Wheat above the Barn and I 
cleaned up 4 bushell and a peck of Rie John Thrashed it and I went to 
Ensn Moors Mill and got 2 bushell of the Rie Ground this Day was very 
warm 



202 MATTHEAY PATTEN'S DIAKY. 

5*ii I sowed 12 quarts of Wheat above the barn and a bushell and ahnost 
a half of Rie there 

6"^ I with the other selectmen met at John Bells and looked into Richard 
McAllesters and John Maclanghlins Constables accts to know how much 
they had paid Mr Houston and with Mr Houston to see how much is due to 
him from the town we had a bole of Tody and a jill of Rum And John car- 
ried 44 Squars of Sashes to Esqr Rand of 9 by 7 and got a puding pann 
and a Chamber pot from him 

7"^ I with the other selectmen met in the afternoon at james Caldwells 
to look about a Road for him to the lane between Deacon Smiths and Mc- 
Duffies but did not lay one out 

8*'' I spent in Going among the people on the River and from Deacon 
Boies and homeward to get signers to a Remonstrance to the session of 
Bedford on acct of Mr Houstons Conduct 

gtii I went to Sam'^ Pattersons and he sowed on a Sole on one of my 
pumps and I spent the day in geting signers to the above Remonstrance & 
in the Evening I went with my bror to Esqr Rands with a Deed that was 
lodged in my hands which he gave to my bror and Delivered it up and I 
got a bushell and a half of salt from Esqr Rand a 5/ La : Mo : pr bushell 

10''' I gave Jonas Cutting a Deed of the lott I had from Capt Karr by the 
way of Tho" Hall and the boys found oiu* barrow hog Dead who had been 
misiug since last Wednesday and and we mised our Grown sow this morn- 
ing what the Distemper is I know not 

11"' Mr Houston was in Gofifestown and we found our Sow Dead north 
of Jonathan Curriers house and another of our pigs was sick 

12"' another of our largest pigs was very sick we poured in some brim- 
stone and Gunpowder and New Milk into it in the morning and james 
Patterson came up and Gelded my two Calves and I sowed a little more 
than 3 Jo bushell of Rie in the field by my brors and in the night before I 
borowed some shugar from Jonathan Currier the shugar and box and my 
Rule weighd a pound and two ounces it was our little box and I got a 
bushell of Rie from John Clogston being his half of my pay for my Runing 
and dividing the lott in Goffestown that he and Benj" Davis hot between 
them from Sam'^ Grigs 

13"' I borrowed 6 bushell of Ashes from John Wallace and carried home 
Frances Baruetts cyder barrell that I got with the barrell of cyder last 
winter 

14"' Susey John jamey Bob Betsey and I went a Chestniiting up to Mor- 
rials we got about IX bushell and our pig that has been sick Died 

15"' About 11 oclock was a small shock of an Earth Quake and the wind 
blowing from N : W : a considerable breese 

16"' I spent the day in going by Capt Walkers and the South end of the 
town to get Signers to the Remonstrance to the Session 

17''' I tlirashed out the Remainder of my hemp seed 

17"' I cleaned a little more than two bushell of Rie and John went to 
Ensn Moors and got it Ground and jamy and Bob and I Diged the Trucks 
body full of potatoes 

19"' the same boys and I Diged one full and a part of another of the 



MATTHEW PATTEjS's DIARY. 203- 

trucks of potatoes and I went as far as james Vose^ to get signers to the 
paper to the Session and I got 2)^ Dozen of Mohair Coat buttons from 
James Vose which cleared all he owed me and we agreed to quit Scores 

20"^ I sent the paper to Deacon Little by my John to old John McLaxigh- 
liu and by him to Little and John got a pair of Shoes that David Moor 
made of my stuff they are Rather to small 

2P* I got a Barrel of Cyder from Francis Barnet I put in 2 bushell of 
Apples toward it and John Kidder had my horse to mill 

22<i my wife went to Londonderry to see her Mother and to Chester to 
see her sister and friends there she Rid oiu- own liorse and my John and 
James worked for Fi-ancis Barnett toward the bai-rell of Cyder I had from 
him yesterday 

23'i I drawed a Complaint and Warrant against Mr Houston Du-ected to 
Col Goffe Esqr and went and to John Bells and got him to go to John Wal- 
lace to the mouth of Pattersons brook to see that the Compt was formed 
agreeable to what they would say and we finished Raising Potatoes we 
had in all about 60 bushell at Diging time the peice above the barn pro- 
duced about 40 bushell and I carried my Compt to Col Goffe who defered 
signing the Wart untill he could write to Mr Houston which he said he 
would do directly and that hed come to my house next Monday morning 
■vVith the Wart 

24th I plowed in the field before the House 

25*'^ was Mr Houstons Sacrament 

26''! Col Goffe came to my house and Signed the warrant against Mr 
Houston that I carried to him the 23d and took it with him to the Mr 
Houstons Session and Returned at Night to one of my bror Sam^^ Daugh- 
ters to give to me which she did Directly and I plowed in the field before 
the house 

27*^ I plowed in the forenoon and John plowed in the afternoon and I 
went to James Caldwells and there met Capt Barron and we laid out a 
highway from McDuffies by sd Caldwells to his East line it began to Rain 
in the Evening about 8 or 9 oClock and continued all night it was a very 
mugey warm day 

28"> the wind was at North East and blowed hard and Rained consider- 
able fast all day and toward night it began to hail with Rain and about 
dark it got to snow smartly and continued untill in the Evening and then 
Abated but the wnnd was high all night and got backward to the North it 
was a tedious Storm 

29*'^ I cleaned up 4 bushell and 3 or 4 quarts of Rie and I wrote a Letter 
to Capt Karr on acct of money and sent it by Tho^ Boies to Londonderry 
and I went to Mr Tho» Russes with my Iron Wedges in the Room of his 
that our Company in the fishing place between Sullivans point and the 
pulpit borrowed last Spring when we worked on it my wedges weighed 
£ 7 good wt and his that we borrowt^d weighed G £ 2 ounces 

30'*' I plowed in the field before the house 

3P' I sowed a little more than two bushell of Rie on the East side of the 
field before the house and I cleaned up about 18 (luarts of Rie 



204 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

NOVEMBER 

2<i I went to New boston and lodged at Alexander McCollnms 

S'l I conversed awhile with Deacon Cochrane and his wife Relating to 
Mr Houston telling the Story or Report about Jaunet Boies &c and I sticked 
lip my boards and Slitwork at my place between and New boston 

4"^ I spent the day in forming a further conipt against Mr Houston and 
in going to james Caldwells for more information of what he told him and 
shelving the highway from John McLaughlin juiirs to my land 

5"^ I framed the Ribs of my compt and I Reed a Johanna from Capt 
Goffe of thf towns money and I went to Lieut Moors and paid it to Josiah 
Warren on the acct of his biiilding the pulpit 

6"* Daniel Moor made two new shoes of my Iron and set them on my 
horses fore feet 

7**^ I went to see Capt Karr but he was not at home and I got 1 ^o bushell 
of Indian Corn from George Hadley he owed me 3 £ old Tenor for Writ- 
ings I did last Summer at Math^' Littles for him we have submitted that 
if corn is sold this year at two pistereens a bushell this year then I am to 
pay him half a pistereen and if the price is 15V Silver then I have just got 
my due 

8"' Mr Houston was absent from Bedford I think at Wear 

9"^ I went to Capt Starks and got Lieut Browns Note that I carried to 
him last Siunmer and I went and See Capt Karr 

10"! I went to Londonderry to Mr Livermores but he was Sick and 
could hot be spoke with 

1 1*^ he was better and I gave him a Dollar for his Advice about my 
prosecuting Mr Houston and for a Retaining fee and I came and lodged at 
William Morrows 

12"' I came home and brot two bushell of Meal that Morrow brot to his 
house that Rob' Macmurphy gave my Wife when she was at Derry and 
Samuel Houston pd me five Dollars of the towns Money that he was 
bondsman for his bror jamey for which I gave him a Rect 

13"' I settled Deacon Karrs note and Pope Tho* Karrs note that they 
gave to Bedford for money borrowed and I gave my note to the town for 
the sums of both Notes being 13-9-0 Lawful money Reckoning Intrest on 
Intrest and I went to Capt Karrs and he was not at home and I went to 
Capt John Starkes and found him there but could not Settle notes with 
him and I came home at one or two oClock 

14"' I went to james Caldwells to pay Thomas Warren the money I 
Reed from Sam'^ Houston but he was gone from there and Eben"^ Hacket 
came to me to have me go to Derry on Monday as Evidence between him 
and little Robert Clark 

16'^ I went to Derry and they settled their affair and I settled the two 
notes above said ■with Capt Karr at Mr Livermores only at Intrest the sum 
came 12-18-7 but Capt Karr promised that if the town would not Rebate 
the Interest on the Intrest that I should not loos it and Sani^i Derbon had 
paid his note of 15-13-6 to Mr. Livermore last septr and the Intrest and 
prinsaple came to £ 17 and there was 16-19-4 of it Entered on the back of 



]MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 205 

My Note to Capt Karr the 9th Instant and the 13-18-7 was Entererl on the 
back of my Note today makes 29-17-11 All La : Mo : that there Remains 
7-16-1 of my note to Capt Karr and what Interest is due ou it and I 
lodged at Rob' McMiirphys 

17"^ I came home and Measured what boards I had left at Capt Goflfes 
Mill there was 1078 feet of them the boys hauled them to the River on 
Monday Morning last 

18"' I butchered a Ewe that weighd 47 £ of Meat and was in Good case 

19"^ was the Thanksgiveing Through the Province 

20*'* I went to Newboston and Lodged at Deacon Cochranes 

2P' I came home and it began to snow about Dark and snowed all night 
the wind at N; E: 

22'' Mr Houston was absent from Bedford and it snowed hard and the 
wind high all day It snowed about 24 hours and is about 20 inches Deep of 
this falling 

23'' The wind continued high and the snow drifted we broke up to our 
wood and got home about enough to make two or three fires of small wood 
with much Dificualty and I mad a Shovel to Clean out the Cattle 

24th ^yg went tmce for wood but could not at both times bring more 
than a small load 

25"* I broke out toward the little meadow as far as to james Caldwells 
and I attended at John Bells and met with those who are proecuted by 
Mr Houston and a Number more of the signers of the paper that was given 
in to the Elders 

26"* I drawed out my Compt against Mr Hoiiston in form and went to 
Col Goffes and got him to sign the Wart 

27"* I went to John Bells wlio came for me to give the Wart to Gearfield 
who came up by Measuage by Richard McAUesters boy who was sent to 
him on purpose yesterday I sent to Mr Houston who came to Bells about 
one oClock and we spent untill 1 1 at niglit but could not agi-ee when the 
Wart was Served and we agreed to have the tryal next Thursday at Bells 
at 10 oClock forenoon 

28"* 1 carried a bushell of wheat to Ensn Moors Mill and I got it ground 
and I got 2 bushell Indian corn from him to be paid by stocking a Gun 

80*'* I went to Londonderry and lodged at Robert McMurjihys 

DECEMBER 

1*" I helped him buther a sow and a barrow and in the Evening I went 
to Esq' Holands and got a Notification to Mr Houston to hear some Wit- 
nesses Swore before him at his own house on the 8th Instant 

2'' Robert McMurphy gave me the Sow and half the Barrow the sow 
weighed 163 and the half of the Barrow that I got weighed 61 and he gave 
me Nice peice of beaf and 3 £ and 14 ounces of Tobacca and I came home 

3"^ my trial with Mr Houston before Col Golf e & Esqr Underwood began 
and we went through one article of the compt 

4"' we met again and went through all the other articles except one 
which was to be proved by Esqr Boies wife and daughter who could not 
come and the justices Deferred giveing Judgement untill tlie last Tuesday 



206 MATTHEW patten's DIAIIY. 

iu January next at 10 of the clock forenoon to meet at John Bells where 
we had had the trial 

(jth -^j. Houston was to preach for Mr MacGregore and Mr Honstons 
pulpit was Vacant 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM DECEMBER 6 1767 

^th J went to Col Goffes and got Capt Barron and Ensn Daniel Moors 
Depositions taken to go in to the Presbetery on Wednesday next 

gth I -went to Francis Barnetts John Wallaces and Deacon Boies to see 
if they Remembered to hear Mr Houston say that the Commite who 
treated with him about his settleing in Bedford that they agreed with him 
that he never was to be gone more than ten sabathdays in the year & that 
privilege to continue but for seven years which they all told me they did 
Remember it 

gth Tiie Presbetery sit iu Bedford to trie me and my bror and 6 persons 
in this town more for asking the Elders the Reasons of their not takeing 
notice of Mr Houstons being called a Liar in open town meeting to see 
that he cleared his Charecter in a Law^full way or settled it in a christian 
manner before they had assisted or even countenanced as a Minister of the 
gospel The Presby after a considerable beating round the bush adjoiu'ued 
until 9 oClock tomorrow morning of their own accord 

10*'^ before my bror and I got to the meating house the Presby brok up 
what they did I don't know only divers persons told us that Mr Houston 
was to have up his compt against us and that we should have up our let- 
ter We sent to the Elders which we did not waut and I went to John Bells 
and Drawed a Petition for Joseph Steel and W'" Wallace of Amherst to go 
to the General Court Relating their lands in said town being subject to 
pay the Pi-oprs Debts for which they paid me half a Dollar and yesterday 
I agreed with Capt Allds and Hugh Ramsey to Run lines for them the 
21st Instant to meet at Capt Allds and this day I agreed with Thomas 
Boies to meet at John Bells next monday afternoon to examin Bell on his 
constableship 

12"^ I cut wood and the boys drawed home and susanna went to Sam'^ 
Pattersons who sent us 12^ £ of Pork it was a peice cut out of the middle 
of the hogs Ribs and chine and the Hearts and Livers of two hogs 

14*'^ I fell a tree for Staves before Errowins house and in the afternoon 
I went to John Bells and Examin him on his constableship and Reed £ 3 
La : Mo : from John Maclaughlin on his constableship the fell about 7 or 
8 inches of snow and crusted 

16"^ I broke out the little meadow and I brot home three or four cocks 
and John went to Ensn Moors mill with 2 bushell of Rie and a bushell of 
Wheat and got it ground and james Caldwell gave me 13 £ of pork a 
peice cut out of the middle of the hogs Ribs and chine 

17*'^ I went and got 5 qts of Rum from Fergus Kennedy for which I 
paid him 25/1 Bay old Tenr 

18"^ I and John Cut 3 load of Wood and the little boys hauled it home 
and in the night following my Wife's travil wa,s so smart that we gath- 
ered Mr McLaughlins Senr midwife Mrs Hannah Barnet voung Mrs Cur- 



MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 207 

rier my brors wife Mrs Clogstou and Kidder and Walker all before morn- 
ing 

19"^ Mrs Arrowin came and aboiit two of the Clock in the afternoon my 
vdfe was Delivered of a Daughter and Mrs Arrowin sit iip the night fol- 
lowing 

20"' Hannah Barnet came and brot a pint or more of Honey and Dressed 
the child 

3P' I borrowed almost two quarts of Rum from Fergus Kennedy was all 
he had 

as*! Deacon Walker sent me by his son John 34 £ of clear middleing of 
Pork a present it is a snowey day throughout that night before my wife 
was brot to bed it snowed all night it fell bout 7)^ inches deep and about 
as deep today 

25"^ I borrowed a Gallon of Rum from Math* Little and I settled with 
him for what I owe him and I gave him my Note for it it being 48/2 La : 
Mo: 

26*'* Capt Barron came to oiir house according to appointment on town 
affairs we spent half the day and agreed to meet at John Bells on next 
mouday afternoon and writ an advertisement and sent it by Jonathan 
•Currier to be set up at the meeting house tomorrow and writ a letter to 
the selectmen of Chester Relating John Frenys funeral charges 

27"^ Very cold I felt out of Case 

28"' Capt Barron and I met at John Bells agreeable to our advertisement 
to try to let out the takeing an Invoice for the Province and to number the 
people but coiild not agree with any person and we agreed to meet At o\xr 
house tomorrow Evening and sent Tho' Boies word to come by John Moor 
junr 

29*^ I and John went to little meadow for hay but could not get in with 
the Cattle the meadow was so slipery we pold out 3 turn out on the poles 
and I brot it home with the oxen and John went to Ensu Moors mill with 
S}4 bushell and staled all night at Ensn Moors the mnd high from about 
10 of the clock at N : W : and very cold 

30"' the wind very Bold and very cold 

31"' The wind and cold nothing abated 

JANUARY FIRST 1768 

John and I went to the meadow and pold out 8 turn and brot it home the 
wind and cold much abated the wind blowed 3 days and three nights Ex- 
ceeding high and very cold 

2'i I went to Lieut John Halls and wi'it a Deed of Thomas Halls Estate to 
Isaac Godfrey of Kingston sit up till midnight to finish it and tarried all 
night & Daniel Moor shod my horse he found one new shoe 

3*^ I came home 

4tii I went back to Lieut Halls and see the deed signd and -writ a letter 
to Mr Godfrey for Abrm Merrill and Joseph George and I got 2 quarts of 
Rum from Lieut Hall 

5"' I paid Mr Houston 5/1 of John Bells collection on acct of his sallery 
for the year 1766 and £ 3 of John McLaughlins collection on acct of arrear 



208 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

aud took his Rects accordingly and joliu Clogston had my horse to Haver- 
hill 

6"^ I went vntli my oxen and Slede and brot home my Cannoe from the 
River 

8"^ I cut wood and John Hauled home 

gth I "v^Tent to the meadow aud John went and got some Spruce to Brew 
with and I got 4}^ Gallon of Molasses from John Clogston that he got for 
me at Haverhill 

IQtii Mr Wilkins preached in Bedford for Mr Houston 

ll"i I had my large hay fork mended by Daniel Moor and I got S ox 
shoes that he had sharpened and Nails to Set them and Frances Barnet 
and I weighed a Hog for Daniel Moor that he said he had from John Henry 
the weight was 221 £ by Lieut Moors Stilyards 

The Remainder of this week nothing Material I sledded some hay and 
got the wood for the fire and the loth was moderate and the snow soft- 
ened 

16«> & IT^h j.iiarp cold 

18 & 19"' I sleded a load of hay each day 

20"' 2pt & 22^ I brot a load of hay each day 

23*1 I tlirashed 13 Sheaves of Rie and some that was daminfied and had a 
bushell and 5 quarts aud John went to Eiisn Moors mill with it and a Wart 
for a meeting to jos Scoby to be held the 2d of Februy next 

25"' I brot home a load of hay which finished all except the stack on the 
East side the brook in the squar and it began to Snow in the afternoon 

26"' it stormd all niglit snow and sometimes hail and sometimes Rain 
among it and Snowd all day uutill in the night it fell knee deep and I 
attended the adjournment of Mr Houstons case and mine at John Bells 
aud Esqr Underwood did not come and Col Goffe adjourned the Court 
further untill the 5tli day of April next at one of the clock afternoon then 
to meet at John Bells Capt Walkers my Siu'ety for appearance then 

37"^ we got a little wood 

28"' we got a load of wood and got 2 bushell and about 12 quarts of 
Indian Corn from Capt Barron to Exchange Rie for it aud it began to snow 
and blow at and in the evening the wind at N : E : it fell about 10 inches 
or a foot deep by morning 

39"' The wind at N : W : High and very cold and the snow drifted much 
we only tended the Cattle and fire and tread the path to the wood with my 
snow shoes and I attempted to go to John Bells to Render town accts to 
the Accompter but went no farther than jona Ciu-riers and got word there 
that no accompters came there the snow 3 feet deep 

30"' we got home the Quantity of 3 or 4 Load of Wood with deep wade- 
ing and fategue 

FEBRUARY FIRST 

was a Moderate tliawey day 

2'i I began to take the Invoice and to Number the persons in the middle 
Diestrict in Bedford aud in the afternoon I attended a town meeting which 
was adjourned untill the 2d of next march at one of the clock afternoon 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 209 

S^i I took a side of sole leather and some horse hide to Sam^' Pattersons 
to make a pair of shoes for my wife and for snsanna and I took some of 
the Invoice 

4'h I finished takeing the Invoice and Numbering the people and found 
that there is 125 Souls 

5'^ It snowed all day and the night following modei-atly 
G"» It snowed all day moderatly it fell about 7 inches at this falling 
7"^ was an exceeding clear pleasant day and Moderate 
8"^ it began to snow iu the morning and snowed hard untill 10 or eleven 
of the Clock and then misted and fine Snow and continued so the Remain- 
der of the day and all the night following and Tho** Boies and I went to 
Capt Barrons and drawed out the Inventory for the General tUourt and 
went to Col Goffes and Swore to it and we Drawed out the Number of In- 
habitants in Bedford for the Governor and Sealed them up and gave them 
to Col Goffe to Carrie down and we writ a letter to Mr Jaffrey informing 
him who is Constable in Bedford the Current year and the time he was 
ordered to pay the Province Rates and gave it to the Colonel allso to carrie 
down 

G"^ It still continues to mist and thick Cloudy 

10 & 11th I got wood 

12"» I went to Rob* Morrials and Run almost Round his place and then 
Divided it between him and his sou Hugh and ^vrit a Deed from him to 
his son Hugh of 30 acres & 50 Rods of it . 

13*h I went to beyond Deacon Smiths in my way to sbobys to assist him 
about his accts of Kelleys Estate and heard by John Bell that he was not 
at home and I turned and before I left Deacon Smiths he came to Macduf - 
fies but it was then so late that we could not do it this day 

15th I Whet and fitted a Cross Cutt Saw for james Patterson and Jona- 
than Ciu-rier and am to have her to Saw with to pay me and John and I 
cutt a log off 4 times with her between and the meadow 

16"! I went to Joseph Scobeys and assisted him in overhuling the papers 
of his Adminr on Alex'" Kellseys Estate and tarried there over night 

17"^ I came home in the afternoon and Sam" Patterson brot home a pair 
of shoes to my Wife and another pair for Susanna and I got 2 new links 
made for my Traces of my Iron and another shut by Daniell Moor 

IS'*^ got home 3 load of wood 

19^ got home 3 load of Wood and John took the last of our Rie to Ensign 
Moors Mill and got it ground being 3 bushell 

20"> we broke to the Meadow and John got 2 bushell of Indian corn from 
Joseph Scobey and got it grotind at Ensn Moors Mill and half a busliell of 
Wheat of our own 

22'! I went to Lieut Caldwells to try to get some Molasses he consented 
to let me have 2 gallon for hay only and I promised him 3 or 4 hundred 

23^ I cutt some wood 

24"^ I cutt some wood and jamey haul home 4 jags & John got 2 gal- 
lons of Molasses from Lieut Caldwell 

25"^ I cutt some wood and John hauld home 4 jags and I went in the 
14 



210 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

evening to Pattersons on William Morows acct to have jamey settle a Debt 
he ows W" but he was from home 

26* I writ a letter to W™ Morrow pr my bror Sam^i we got home 3 load 
of wood and james Patterson came and gave a note to W™ Morrow for 
0-18-4 Lawful money 

27"' we got home 4 load of Wood and it began to be soft and in the eve- 
ning it began to Rain and Raiiid all the night following and my Brors 
Samnell brot me a Quire of paper from John Pinkertons for which I sent a 
pistereen which paid it and 4»/ old Tenor over which I gave to him for 
bringing it 

28"^ it Rained a considerable the fore part of the day and it Thawed a 
consideraltle deal the wind at South and continued to thaw all night 

29"^ the wind still at Soiith and continues to thaw and rained a con- 
siderable deal and thawed all day and I mth the other Selectmen attended 
at John Bells to Render our accts and jos Scobey John Wallace and I 
Examined on the year 17(53 and jas Caldwell juur«aud james Vose 
Examined on the year 1764 and in part on the year 1765 and the Select- 
men settled with John McLaughlin junr on his Constableship and he 
cleared the whole of his collections and he paid us 41-6-6 old Tenor and 
John Bell paid us 6/8 Lawfull of his collection which made 8 Dollars from 
Both 

MARCH FIRST 

Overhauld some accts 

2<i I attended at John Bells untill past 3 o Clock afternoon on the town 
Counters and then attended a town meeting by adjournment and then 
came back to Bells and Drawed the March Meeting Wart and paying Mr 
Houston a Johanna and Settling for more money he had Reed as Capt 
Nochars Rates for the year 1763 and McConoughys and Widow Nimocks 
and 7V of james Voses Rates for the year 1766 and waiting on the counters 
untill between 9 and 10 o'Clock 

3'^ we Sawed the tree to peices before Arrowins and hauld it home 

4*'^ John went to Ensign Moors Mill and got 2 bushell of Corn from 
Joseph Scobey & he got a bushell of it gTound into Samp and I hauld one 
cut to Capt Goffes mill for slitwork of Red oak and another of White oak 
to make side for a long body for a Cart and I brot home half a stock of 
white pine boards that lay undivided from last spring and some Cherry 
boards 

5"' we went to the Meadow and hauld home a jag of hay 

7"^ we brot home a jag of Hay and I attended at John Bells to Render 
accts to the town Counters which is the 3d day I have spent on that 
Business this year and Thomas English came to Swingle flax he swingled 
16>^ £ 

gtii -we went to the meadow and james Caldwell junr and I pitch off for 
Lieut Caldwell 400 of hay by our gues and they were to take care of it for 
him tomorrow morning and John and I brot away what drie hay was in 
the stake and some of the wet and came to the near side of the oak woods 
and left part of our load there and John set off for home with it and my 
near ox Died about ^i of a mile from home in the Road he died in a 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 211 

minuet after he fell down and I went across the north end of Stawbuxy 
hill up to Morrials when I left John with the team at the hither side of 
Scunck hill I perceived no symtonis of Death on the ox altho he had not 
seemed well all Winter and seemed to give more out today than I had 
known him before was the Reason of my leaveing part of the load by the 
way and Tho"* English swingled 16% £ of fax 

9"' he swingled 9 £ which finished what we have and we skiud our near 
ox that died yesterday his hide weighed 52 £ we opend him his Gall was 
more than large and stiuked exceedingly in his insides and I got an ox 
from Capt Barron to make mine on Trial 

10**^ John WT-th the oxen and horse brot home what hay was on the sled 
and what we left at the oak woods and I cutt and split some pine wood 
and I whet and sett Curriers Cross cutt saw and he Cut pine wood for me 
while I was doing it 

11*^ was a considerable Rain and John got 2 bushell of Indian corn from 
Joseph Scobey and got it Ground at Eusn Moors Mill and the boys and I 
stemd some Tobacca 

12*'^ a Clear pleasant morning and we had a lamb lambed last night and 
another today and I borrowed 2 iron Wedges from Lieut Moor 

13"! We had a Ewe lamb 

14*'! last night we had a Ewe that brot a black lamb 

15"' & 16^^ we Reave some Steaves Cuts and pine wood 

17*'^ Jonathan Ciu-rier helped me to cut pine wood 

18'^ I got some Herbs at Pattersons and Tho'' McLaughlins for my wife 
who had been out of case and a quart and a jill of Rum from Rob^ 
Neasmiths wife for which I paid her 19/s old Tenor 

19''^ John and I cut and Split pine wood this week has been Keen Cold 
throughout this day was a little more moderate 

20"' it began to snow before we went to bed last night and snowed all 
day untill in the Evening following when it cleard up moderate the snow 
fell about 3 or 4 inches deep 

21^' in the morning I set my Compass to find at what Degree the Sun 
Rise and found it Rise at South 82 Degrees East which is 3X Degrees 
more East than the Equinox and I carried home Lieut Moors iron wedges 
that I borrowed and went to Esqr Rands and Vendued Jonas Cuttings 
lott that I gave him in Bedford 

22<i we got home 4 load of pine wood to split and I fell an Oak tree 
above Curriers for staves 

23'! we got home 4 loads of pine wood more to Split 

24"^ I sent John to Joseph Scobeys and he got 2 bushell of Corn and a 
bushell of Rie from him and I split out the Stave bolts I had at home 
there was 800X of them 

25th I went to Esqr Walkers according to my appointment with Lieut 
Stinson to finish a trad about my farm in Goflf stown but he was off the 
mind of buying it and I lodged at Esqr Walkers over night 

26*'' I came home and Hannah Barnett sent my wife by me a peice of 
Butter about half a pound 

28"^ I with the other Selectmen men met at John Bells and Settled 



212 MATTHEW PATTED' 'S DIAEV. 

Divers accts and Drawee! divers orders Snowed this day and the night 
following ancle deep 

30*'^ was our Annual March meeting and I was chose Clerk and 2d 
Selectman 

31^' I and John went to the Raising of james Littles hoiise 

APRIL 1st 

Avent see Col Goffe 

2<i I went to james Caldwells and made a Rough draught of his Will 
yesterday and today has been exceeding cold and very high wind 

4.fh. J Drawed out the Will I was on the 3d and conditioned for a deed 
Tjeing lodged with me from james Caldwell Senr to his son james and 
John got a bushell of Rie from Ensn Moor 

5^^ The case between Mr Houston and me was Decided by Col Goffe 
and james Underwood Esqrs they granted aquashment for a plea given 
in this day notwithstanding the Examination of Evidences on the 3d of 
last Decebr and they owned the compt was fully proved in private 
conversation they would not alow Mr Houston any fees which I urged to 
have them do 

6^^ I carried leather to Sam^' Patterson to get a pair of Shoes made the 
upper leather and heal and insole stuff I brot from David Moors which 
had lyon there since the fore part of last Summer and I framed a letter to 
Joseph Steiiart of Colrain 

7'^ I Coppyed said letter in the morning and W" Morrill and Robert 
f orscyth and their wives came on a Visit to our house 

8"^ they went away again in the afternoon 

9"^ I made a pair of Duble puUies for a loom 

11th J went to litchfield and I got 3 bushell of Indian corn from W" 
Patterson on Crt and agreed with Esq Underwood for to get a quantity 
of Grain biit not ascertain how much and I got an order from widow 
Caldwell from John Orr of Bedford for a dollar being what she owes me 
for Running lines Fall was a year 

12* I went to Londonderry along with Joseph Scobey to help to Examiu 
over his and Tho^ McMasters papers Relating to their administration of 
Alex"' Kelseys Estate but it was Training there so we did no business we 
lodged at Rob* MacMurphys 

13"' we and Tho*' McMasters met in the morning at Doer Thorntos and 
the Doer assisted and was on the Affair all day untill 9 o Clock at night 
and I Lodged at the Doers that night 

14"' I came home and came by Alexander Macmurphys to see them on 
the melancholy affair of then- house being being burned the 9th Instant 
this day being the General Fast throughoiit the Province 

15"' Capt Barron and I laid out a highway from the to'WTi line by Eusu 
Moors up to Tho'* Mxu-doughs 

IQth X went to Mrs Godfreys and Pland the highways on the East and 
west sides of the River 

18"^ was our March meeting by adjotu'ument which I attended 

19*'' John Gilmur mended two of the toes of my Dung fork and I 
attended a proprietors meeting of Dartmouth 



MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 213 

2&"' I went to Litclifielcl and got 14 bushell of Rie from Esq Underwood 
and lie sent his team with it up to Reads ferry and I brot home 2 bxishell 
of it for to sow and the other 12 bushell I took up into Mr Alexanders 
house and Ensign Moors team is to take it to his mill tomorrow 

21'*' was a training in Bedford and my bror Sam^' reed the Capts 
Coniission and Daniel Moor the Lieuts and I pland the River and high- 
ways from Amoskieg falls to Piscataqiiog and the high\vays on each side 
for Mrs Godfrey about the ferry 

22*1 I got a pound of shugar from Matthew Littles wife on Cr and John 
Gihnur shut a Link of my Treases and I brot home 4 bushell of Meal of . 
the Rie that I got from Esqr Underwood the 20th Instant from Lieut 
Moors Mill 

23'! I filled 2 pair of Indentures for jenny Conns 2 childer the selectmen 
and her bound one to Richards MacAlester and the other to Robert 
Gihnur of Goffestown and I writ articles between sd jenney and Robert 
for the improvement of 12 sheeps of jeneys and charged a Dollar Robert 
is to pay 4/ and Richard 2/ and we Drawed the Warrant of suj'veyors of 
highway 

25"^ I killed 4 partridges this morning and I sowed 2 bushell of spring 
Rie and about 19 Quarts of spring Wheat and I got 2 bushell of Rie from 
Hugh Orr of this tOA\Ti on his bror Johns acct by an order from widow 
Caldwell of Litchfield And Capt Barron and I Reed the presceipt to 
call a meeting in conjunction with amherst to Elect a Representative for 
to meet at Portsmouth the 17th of May next and we drawed a Wart to 
the constable of Bedford to meet at the Barn of Lieut Daniell Moor of 
Bedford on the 11th of May next for that purpose 

26''' I brot home from Lieut Moors Mill 8 bushells of Rie meal being of 
the 12 bushell he brot from Reads feiTy for me on the 21st Instant 

27"' I pd Mrs Clogston the last of the meal we Borrowed from her about 
a fortnight ago and I took home one of Capt Walkers baggs I borrowed 
last week and pattersons and Capt Goffes and both of Matthew Littles 
bags all borrowed at the same time 

28"^ I sowed a bushell and a half and a quart of Rie in the south end of 
the old field before the house yesterday and today I fitted some stuff for a 
loom and I cated 2 pickeral at the pond being the first I catched this 
year 

29"^ I worked at fitting the loom Stuff Some 

30"' I fitted some more Stuff to the Loom 

MAY SECOND 

I sent John to Mr James Caldwells and he got 12 quarts of Barly and 
half a bushell of Flaxseed on Cr and I sowed the barly and went to Litch- 
field to run Lines for Esqr Underwood and John Quig 

3'' I run lines for them and my wife got about 6 Quarts of Barly and 6 
Pounds of pork from Hannah Barnet 

4"' I pland my work and Returned home 

5"' I sowed some peas and I went to Lieut Caldwells and I got 3 busliell 
of potatoes from him and Mrs Scobey gave me lOj^ £ of clear pork a 



214 MATTHEAV PATTEN's DIAIIY. 

present it began to Rain between Sundown and Dark and Rained moder- 
atly all night 

6"' was a Considerable Moderate Rain 

7th I -^yeut in the forenoon to Rob' Morrials about our web and in the 
afternoon I went to Lieiit Reads and got 8 bushell of Corn that Daniel 
Quig brot there for me 6 bushell of it was from Esqr Underwood and 2 of 
it from his father and I brot it to the bank of the River with Lieut Reads 
horse and I put 4 bushell of it into Mr Alexanders and the other 4 I took 
to Lieut Caldwells mill and got it ground and home that night 

9th J went to see Capt Karr about the money I owe him he sent word by 
W" Macdugall 

10"' the towns of Bedford and Amherst met at Lieut Daniel Moors Barn 
and Chose Col Goffe to Represent them in the General Court the Colonel 
had 51 Votes and Capt Barron had 21 

12"^ I went to Londonderry with Joseph Scobey to help to settle his 
administration of Alex"^ Kellseys estate with the Heirs 

13"i was on the business of Samiiell Livermore Matthew Thornton and 
Stephen Holand Esqrs but I could not consent to the settlement for they 
made him pay 2/6 pr £ compound Intrest for the personal Estate from 
about 9 mouths after administration to this day allso the same Rate of 
Intrest on the advance of the sale 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM MAY 13th 1768 BEING 
PART OF SAID DAY 

Sale of part of the personal Estate londged at Doctr Thorntons 

14th -^j. Scobey and I came home about one or two a Clock in the after- 
noon and after I came home I drawed an acct for David Rowell against 
Anne Longfellow and a plea to be given in at a justices Coui-t next Mon- 
day before Andr MacMillan Esqr and our big heifer Calved a Bull calf 

16"^ Capt Barron and I reed 1-5-6 La : Mo : from John Bell on his con- 
stableship and I reed 6/10 prinsaple and 6 months Intrest from Capt 
Goffe of the Tax money and I got 3 bushell of pottoes from Joseph Scobey 

17'^ I pd the money to Tho^ Warren that I got from Bell and Goffe I 
made it up 1-12-8 L : M : and took his Rect the money I reed from Goffe 
was a Dollar and a pistereen and I gave him no change 

18"^ I brot the 4 bushell of Indian corn that I left at Alexanders on the 
7th Instant to Lieut Caldwells and got it Ground and home 

19"' I finished plowing for planting in the Forenoon and I got 9 quarts 
of Seed Corn from Capt Goffes wife and a few string Beans that I got 3 
bushell of potatoes from Joseph Scobeys and few String Beans from Lieut 
Caldwells wife and near 3 Quarts of white beans from Lieut Daniell 
Moor 

20"^ I sowed about % of a buslaell of flaxseed and I hung a Net and went 
to the falls and fished aboiit an hoiir and catched nothing but Eben' 
Hacket gave me 3 shad 

2ist I got 7 quarts of seed corn more from Capt Goftes wife which 
makes half a bushell in all from her and my bror Sam^^ found me about 2 
Gallon of Tar and I pitched my Canuoe with it and my boys planted corn 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 215 

22'! it was a flue Refreshing Raiu it has been a Dry time the week past 
has beeu very warm in the Evening the wind blowed up at N : E : 

23'i the wind at N : E : and the cool air we finished planting Corn and 
I went to the falls to see how the fish Run and I borrowed 3 shad from 
Eben' Hacket the night following a great white frost 

25**^ I set out to fish at Amoskieg Falls in the morning Oatched 40 shad 
3a of which I sent home and 10 I sold to Capt Alld for for 30/ old Tenor 

26"^ I got but one Shad and fished a good deal 

27"^ I cated 28 and I borrowed 3 of Sam'^ Richards 10 of which I sold to 
Capt Alld and 21 I sent home 

28**1 I got 3 shad one of which I got home and one I lost the other I 
dont remember what I did with it and Hackett paid me 30/ old Tenor 
being what was comeing from him to me on the settlement at the end of 
fish time in the year 1767 that we made of makeing our fishing place 
between the Pulpit and the Point 

29"^ Sabath day was at home 

30"^ I went to Derry with Francis Barnet to Mr Liverniores about 
Er^dngs case and his and John got 25 Shad 5 of which he gave the suttlers 
and 20 he sent home by my brors boys and two of which they lost off and 
18 came home 

SI" there was 14i< shad 10 of which I sent home 4^4 I let Hackett have 3 
of which I borrowed from him before I went to the falls to fish 

JUNE FIRST 

I got 75 Shad 60 of which I sent home by my jamey and 10 I keept over 
night 5 I let the suttlers have 4 of which I have credit for 

2*^ I got 38 I sent home 30 of them and the 10 that I keept over night and 
the 8 I keept over night 

3*1 I got 22 3 of which I let the Suttlers have and have credit for 2 and 
27 I sent home "with the 8 that I keeped over night 

4th I -\veut and showed Lieut William Stinston my farm between and 
New boston and bargained 150 acres being Nos 7 8 & 9 in the 2d Rang for 
210 Dollars and am to meet at Capt Karrs to give him a Deed on Monday 
next 

6"i I killed a Calf that weighed about 44 pounds I sent a quarter to 
Esqr Rand that weighed 113^ and a peice to Capt Barron gratis and 
another peice to Hannah Barnett gratis and she sent us 12 £ of clear pork 
and I \\Tit 2 deeds one for Samuell Tirrell and another for David McCleary 
Tirrells unpd McClearys to be settled by Weaveing and I went to Capt 
Karrs and there met Lieut Stinson and gave him a Deed of no 7 8 and 9 
in the second Rang for 210 Dollars and he paid me 117 }4 <^f ^ Dollar in 
gold and silver and gave me a Note for 27-16-0 La : Mo : being the Re- 
mainder 

7*'^ I paid John Bell 6-9-2 old Tenor by the remainder of my order from 
the selectmen last year and a Johanna and 1^ old Tenor made in the 
^vhole 55-0-6 old Tenor being the charges of my case ■\^^th Mr Houston in 
his house and 17/4}^ Lawfull Money on Nathaniel Gearfields acct toward 



216 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

tlie Servince and took his order ou Gearfield for it and I pd Capt Barron 
16/ La : Mo : which I owed to Nehemiah Raud of Charlston 

8* I paid Hugh Campbell what I owed him being 1-3-0 and I pd him a 
Shilling lawfull over that he could not make his change to me and I got 
John Gillmor to mend Mr Riisses wedges that we had at makeiug our 
fishing between the pulpit and SuUivans point the charge besides the iron 
was 10/ old Tenor and I went to the falls toward night 

9th I got 38 shad 22 of which I gave to Rob' MacMurphy and the other 
16 and 19 I borrowed from Hacket I sent home made 35 I sent home this 
day 

IQth I got 25 and I paid Hackett the 19 I borrowed from him yesterday 
and I borrowed 5 from Alex' McMiirphy that I sent home 11 this day 

11th J got 8 and I paid MacMurphy the 5 I borrowed from him yester- 
day and I gave him the other 3 

13''^ fished at our new Setting .place and got 6 and 14 alewives 

14"^ I came home and brot home my Cannoe and brot home the fish I 
got yesterday all the shad I got home this year of Johns and mine is 359 
and 23 I sold and a few John sold about 8 or ten 

W^ I paid Lieut Andrew Bradford 13-10-6 Bay old Tenor being what I 
owed toward 10 bushell of Rie I had from John Clogston the prinsaple was 
10-19-6 Bay old Tenor and I allowed him 1-11-0 bay old Tenor Intrest for 
it since the 29th of January 1766 and I went and Counted how many 
Staves Moses Clemeiit culled out of the 560 that my boys took to the River 
for him last week and there was 37 of them that he got 500 and 3^ and 3 
Staves 

16"^ I pd W'" Patterson 2 Dollars for 3 bushell of Indian corn I had from 
him last spring and I sent to Derry by his boy for a gallon of Molasses and 
I pd Ovid Houston 8-15-9^^ bay old Tenor being what I OAved him and I 
had suudrie articles from him to the amoimt of 5 £ one shilling and 8 
pence Bay old Tenor and I paid him the money and took his Rect in full 
and I got >^ £ of Tea from William Gordon for which I pd half a Dollar I 
crost the River at Capt Fletchers and I had my horse keeped at Capt 
Grealys and I went over the River to Mr Harods and lodged there over 
night 

17th I got 3 bushell of Corn from W" Patterson and what was over the 
3 bushell I had before the 3 Dollars I gave him yesterday paid it and I got 
the 3 bushell ground at Col Goffes mill and I paid Esqr Underwood a 
Johanna toward the Grain I had from this spring and another Johanna to 
him towards Tho^ Warrens note toward building the pulpit in Bedford 
meeting house 

18"^ I paid, Mr Fiske of Holhs 3-10-0 Bay old Tenor for his Taning and 
Currieing an ox hide and my old Mares skin they were both a great deal 
damaged before I took them to him which was spring was a 3 year and he 
took an ox hide that I dyed last March and 3 two year old heifers skin and 
a year old Steers skin and a Calf skins of mine with him to Tan for me 

lS"i I went to Capt Karrs and heard Mr Miller preach and Mr Houston 
was absent from Bedford 

20"> I lent Capt Karr 33^3 Dollars and took his Note for the money on 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 21T 

demand Aud I weut along with james Coweu and Run lines for him and 
widow Taylor for which Each of them is to pay me 2/ each La : Mo : aud I 
run the line between William Arbuckle and John AUds for which they 
paid me 2/ L : M : aud I lodged at Tho« Coweus on the 21st and I straigted 
the line between james Cowen and his bror Tho^ and Tho^ is to pay me 

21«* after I had straigted the above lines I came home and james Coweu 
feut his boy and horse with me as far as the great brook between Lieut 
Caldwells and Tho« Wallaces and I paid Nath" Gearfield 12V La : Mo : be- 
ing the Remainder for his service in Mr Houstons case aud mine last Decbr 
the other part I paid to John Bell on the 6th Instant and took his order on 
Gearfield for it which order he alowed in the bill this day on settlement 

22'i I weut to Londonderry aud I paid James Lyon 1 pound LaAvfull 
money for my note prinsaple and Intrest aud I paid Oapt Wear 1-15-10 
being what I owed his Wife before he married her and I gave their young- 
est child a Dollar aud they gave my wife a Lawn haudkirchief mth a 
flowered border aud I Got Lieut Browns note from Mr Livermores pren- 
tice (viz) Mr Prentice aud I lodged at Rob* Macmurphys 

23*1 I got some Cabagg plants from james Miller aud a parcel from Rob* 
McMiu-phy and I got 2 Gallon of Molasses from Deacon Taggart for which 
I paid him 4/ La^\'f ull money aud I got 9 qts of Rum from John Duncan 
came to 5-4-0 old Tenor and I could not pay him for want of makeing 
change and I got two pots mettle puding pauns from John Piukertou him 
and his wife from home aud I left 6/8 Lawfull to pay for them aud I left 
half a Ginea with Doctr Thorntons wife Sister for him to pay the charges 
of my two Rights in no 8 which was 2 Dollars and the Remainder to go 
toward what I owe him 

24t'' I pd Matthew Little a Gallon and a half of Rum which I borrowed 
from him on the 26th of last Decbr aud thereabout aud I went to the falls 
and I catched one salmon of 13 £ aud 7 shad and 9 eyls 

25'h I paid Fergus Kennedy 2 quarts of Rum that I borrowed from him 
last December or the beginning of January and in the afternoon Capt Bar- 
ron and I staked out the Road from Matthew McDuffies to james Caldwells 

27*'' I weut and fished awhile at the setting place and got 2 shad aud I 
gave them to Timy Johnsou and I went and lodged at Esqr Walkers 

28*11 I weut to Lieut Stinsons and he paid me 79 £ old Tenor and 8 
johanuas equal to 64 Dollars and 2 Crowns aud 2 Dollars aud 2 quarters of 
a Dollar and 5 pistereens the whole amounted to 82 Dollars and 40/ Bay 
old Tenor and I took his note for 3 £ La : Mo : to be paid the 6th of June 
1769 aud I Got 4 Bushell of Rie at % a Dollar pr bushell aud I Endorsed 
the 2 Dollars the price of it on the Note and I got the Rie gi-ouud at Eatous 
mill and I got 2 new shoes set on my horses fore feet at Capt Karrs and I 
am to pay them in Runing lines they were all his iron and nails 

29*'^ I paid Moses Vickery a Johanna I owed him 7 Dollars and a pister- 
een and he is to Return me 4 pistereens as soon as he can change the 
johanua and I got 4 bushell of Indian Corn from Rob* Alexander for which 
I paid him 8 pestereens and I got it ground at Lieut Caldwells mill 

30"' I Measured ofif 600 feet of Boards at my hoiise to John Dinsmore 
which with 800 he had from William Bell of GofEstown on my acct paid 



-18 JNIATTIIEW TATTKN's DIAltY. 

hiiu what I tnvi'd liiiu and ]-l!)-Oold Tenor over whic^i lie owes mo now 
and I went to Lo : Derry and got 5 quarts of Rum from John Duncan and 
I paid him for it and 9 qiiarts I had from him the 23d Instant the whole 
came to 8-5-0 old Tenor and 3 shillings old Tenor for the 3d of a bole of 
Tody and I Reed the change of a Crown peice from John Pinkortons wife 
which I gave to pay 3 iron puding panns on the 33d Instant they 49/ old 
Tenor each 

JULY FIRST 

Went to John Bells and writ 3 advertisements for him for liis Del)tors to 
come and Settle with him spent the forenoon on the accts and Ann Wal- 
lace and Ann Scoby lielpt my wife to Qiilt and Tho^ McLaughlins Wife in 
the afternoon 

2'i Ann Wallace and Mr ^\i-rowin lielped my ^\•ife to quilt and Rachel 
BaiTon in the afternoon and I spent the day in niakeing a Draught of our 
g:reivances in Bedford and let jonas Cutting have a Dollar 3 pistereens I 
owed him since fish time was a year and the other two he owes me 

4"' I settled accts with David Moor for all the work he has done for me 
since he set up in Bedford and he fell 1-13-3 Bay old Tenor in my Debt 
and John Gilmor di'awed twobeals for iron puding pann a little longer and 
I paid John Wallace 2 pistereens for a Galk>n of Molasses I had from him 
about the 17th or ISth of February last and I got a Calfskin from Oapt 
Barron that he tanned and Ciu'ried f(H' me 

5th I ^yj-it; ^ Deed from Capt Barron To Tho^ Murdough of 3 meadow 
lotts in the ash swamp and I with Capt Barron to John Bells and Settled 
with him on his Constableship and he cleared all off being 27-4-1 LawfuU 
money and Capt Barron took the money 

6"' finished a pail for oui* selves and I went and left word at james Voses 
with his Wife for him to come to my house tomorrow morning 

7"' I and james Vose went to Capt Barrons and I i)aid them 0-3-8 Law- 
full Money toward what I owe the town and we di-awed a Wart for a 
town meeting to be held the 35th Instant 

8*'' I went and hauld home a stick for an axle tree for a Cart and the 
Remainder of the day I workt at a pail 

9"* I finished the pail I made it Setwork and I set up a washing tubb in 
the hoops and I went to Joseph Scobeys and I got 38 £ of Pork at half a 
pistereen pr pound came to 6-6-0 Bay old Tenor and I did' not pay for it 
for he could not change a Johanna I had or I shoud 

11"' Joseh Kennedy came in the morning to to make me a pair of Cart 
wheels 

13t'> I bot a scyth from Alex-" Willson of New boston for 5-15-0 old Tenor 
and I paid him 3 pound 13 shillings old Tenor of it and the RenurindiT I 
owe him 

14"^ he finished Makeing My Wheels I workt with all the time he could 
not tell me how much I must pay him for makeing tliem but proposed to 
have me make him some planes for plain ceiling toward the makeing them 
and after finishing them I went up to james Pattersons frame and found 
where the East line of his land to know where to set his house 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 219 

15th I -vvorkt some at fitting a new Axle tree for my Wheels and jolin 
got 353 Cabage plants from Samiiell Vose 

16"^ I finished makeing my Axle tree and I went to Samuell Pattersons 
to try to get him to make me a pair of Pumps 

18"' I carried Sole and upper leather to Samell Patterson and he began 
to make my pumps and I shaved 10 Rake handles for Matthew Little and 
I went in the afternoon to the Raising of james Pattersons house 

19"' I shaved some rake stalls for Matthew Little and went to p,mes 
Patterson house frame and hewed a poplar tree for a Cloath and yearn 
beam for our loom and my wife brot a pair of pumps from Sam^^ Patterson 
that he made for me 

20"^ I set out for Boston and lodged at Mrs Osgoods in Bilerica 

21^' got to boston about Ho clock lodged at Mrs Cochranes Samuell 
Cocliranes "Widow 

22'! left Boston after Dinner and came to Mrs Osgoods and lodged there 

23'i I paid Col Stoddard 3-8-0 Lawfull Money on Zachariah Cuttings 
acct being of his Wages as a soldier in New Hampr about the year 1747 
which I drawed for him by a power after he left this part of the countrey 
and I came home on this Journey I laid out for things bot for ourselves 
and Expences 35-4-8 Bay old Tenor 

25"^ I attended a town Meeting in the afternoon and james Patterson & 
Thomas Maclaughlin catched 4 Salmon I had one that weighed V2% £ and 
the three that they had weighed about 30 £ 

26th & 27th I workt at Rakes for Matthew Little 

28"^ We plowed up our Cow yard land and my boys and I catched a 
Salmon that we guesed to weigh 10 £ and I had it 

29''' I set out at break of Day and tryed with Tho« Maclaughlin & Na- 
thaniel Patterson for a Salmon but got none and went to Lieut Stinsous 
and got 2 biishell of Rie and 2 bushell of Indian corn on acct of his Note 
and came home about the middle of the afternoon and I and Bob with 
james Patterson catched 3 Salmon and I had 2 that weighed 17 £ 

30th I gQ^ Qug bushell of the Indian and the Rie I got home yesterday 
groimd at Col Goffes Mill and the Rest of the day my jamey and I spent 
in fishing Salmon we catched 5 that weighed 55 and I got one of 10 £ 

AUGUST FIRST 

We got 7 Salmon and I got 2 that weighed 17 £ I am 3 £ behind and 
Tho^ Maclaughlin is one pound behind james Patterson 

2<i I finished makeing 12 Rakes for Matthew Little he found the timber 
for the stalls and heads and I found the bows and the teeth and made 
them & I settled Tho^ Warrens Note & I paid him 4-4-1 being the Re- 
mainder 

3'^ I went to Derry and Chester and lodged at Major Tolfords 

4th I paid Major Tolford 5-2-0 La : Mo : toward what I owe him and I 
paid William Tolford 4-16-7 La : Mo : toward what I owe him and I got 
^% quarts of Rum from John Duncans junrs Wife for which I paid her 
5-12-0 old Tenor and yesterday Will'" Moitows \A'if e gave me a purse workt 
in holes with Creull and my ^vife got 2 Salmon that weighed 18 £ one 



220 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

weighed 10 the other 8 £ the 10 £ one was tainted before she got it so that 
it would not keep by Salting 

gth I -began to fitt to rails the fore side of my barn 

6* I paid James Willsou 3-3-0 old Tenor to pay to his bror Alex'^ being 
the Remainder of the price of the Sythes I had from him the 12th of last 
July and I and the boys finished Raiseing the barn and got some Stones 
from the house to barn to underpiun the foots of the posts and bob and 
Da-v-id and I spent all the afternoon a fishing we catched one at Pattersons 
brook and 12 at a haull at Cold brook and then Tho« McLaughlin came to 
us and we got 3 more at Pattersons brook at 2 Draughts I got 11 £ to 
make me up what I was behind of our former catching and I got 48 £ in 
the Di\'ision more and 10 £ one over I was one pound behind which made 
me 9 £ ahead of Tho^ and 10 ahead of jamey 

gth Y^Q fished from about half an hour after Midnight to morning and 
we got but one and we gave it to Matthew Little for the Stuff to make 
the Corks to our Nett and my boys and I underpinned the foots of the 
posts of the fore side of the barn and Naild on the boards Round the sides 
again 

9'^ I uncovered part of the Roof of my barn on the back side and I went 
to Lieut Stinsons and got 2 bushell of Indian corn and 2 of Rie and got 
home at about 11 o Clock I suppose 

10"^ John and I carted home 40 boards of them that the boys hauled to 
the river last faull that David Moor was to have taken down the River 

ll*'^ I hauled iip the Remainder that was left of them there was 23 or 
24 boards lost of what was hauled to the River last faull and John took 
the 4 bushell of Grain to Lieut Moors mill that I brot from Lieut Stinsons 
on the 9th and got the Rie ground 

12'^^ Samuell Patterson brot home the Indian meal from Lieut Moors 
Mill and he began to make some Mogosenes for my boys and John and I 
New boarded the back side of the barn 

13'*^ he finished makeing 3 pair one for John jpjxies and bob and we new 
battened the fore side of the barn and finished Reaping oiir barley we had 
Stooks and Sheaves of it 

14"^ I heard Mr Miller preach in Derryfield 

15"^ we reaped the Rie above the barn all but a few sheaves with 2 
Stooks and 2 Sheaves that was reaped on the 13th 

16*1^ we Reaped in the field by my brors and got but 35 sheaves I had 10 
stooks & 7 Sheaves above the barn 

17"^ I killed a Ewe very poor and We Reaped in the field by my brors 
We Reaped 49 Sheaves 

IS*'^ was foul weather in the forenoon tho but a little in the afternoon 
we finished Reaping the field by my brors We had 8 Stooks and 8 Sheaves 
in it this year in the whole and we Reaped 13 Sheaves of Wheat above the 
barn 

l&tii I Carted in the Rie that grew in the field by my brors and the Rie 
that gTew above the Barn and reaped in the old Field before the house at 
the Winter Rie 

20*'> we finished reaping the winter rie before the house there was 9 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 221 

Stocks and 3 Sheaves of it I had 2S}4 stocks of Wiuter Rie this year aud 
■\ve reaped 8 Stocks of Spring Rie 

22"^ We reaped our Spring Wheat there was 4)^ Stocks of it and in the 
afternoon we reaped 4 Stocks and 8 Sheaves of Spring Rie and Susanna 
went to Derry and got 9)^ quarts of Rum from John Duncans Wife for 
which she paid o : 13 : 4 old Tenor 

23'! We Reaped 8}4 Stocks of spring Rie 

24tii -^g Reaped a few Sheaves in the morning and finished Reaping 
the spring Rie there is 23 Stocks aud a Sheaf of Spring Rie and we Reaped 
8}>4 stocks of Wiuter Wheat 

25tii y^Q Reaped 3 Stocks and 11 Sheaves of Wiuter Wheat which 
finished We had 13)^ Stocks of Winter Wheat I have 69)^ Stocks of 
Wheat and Rie and 3 Stocks and 4 Sheaves cf Barley this year 

26* James Patterson let me have his hror Samuells Horse and I went 
with him and my own to Lieut Stiusons and brot home 8 bushell of 
Indian corn from and I got my horse fore shoes steeled at the toes and 
Sst by Daniel Mack at Capt Karrs and I did not pay for it 

27*1^ I killed a snial Weather and Will'" Godfrey paid me 11 : 18 : 8 eld 
Ten'^ for my takeing a plan of the River and highAvays about their feiTy 
and down to Piscataqucg River beiug in full and I paid it away to John 
Bell ou his Brers Joseph acct for his makeing shoes for me 6 or 7 year 
ago and I Mowed 4 Cocks in the Little meadow being the first this year 

29th 30th ^ 3 1st -^Ye hayed at the Little Meadow 

SEPTEMBER 

let 2d & 3(1 Worked at the Little Meadow all this week fair weather Ex- 
ceept a Sixiall shower on Wednesday a little after break cf day 

5"^ in the morning a great Frost it killd the Corn potatoes pumpkins &c 
and I killed 18 pidgecns at two Shots and we worked at the Meadow 

6"^ a larger frost than yesterday lodged at Mr Caldwells last night and 
3 nights last week 

7"' lodged at Mr Caldwells no frost we had in the afternoou appearance 
of Rain but cleared off about the middle cf the afternoon quit clear 

8*'' a pleasaut fogey morning but it clouded up and the Due did not dry 
and clouded and Thundered and had a Smart shower about Noon and we 
came home and I killed three pidgecns 

9**^ Cleared up at about 10 or 11 of the Clock and we went to the Meadow 
aud turned hay and mowed a little 

10*'' We finished mowing this morning aud we Raked the lott in the 
N : W : corner of the squar it had 32 cocks on it aud what was en the 
East side cf the Brock in the Dispute lott there was 20 cocks of it & we 
got 2 qts of Rum from james Smith on Cr 

12*11 Was a considerable Rain we went to the Meadow but could not do 
anything with the hay 

13"' James Vose and I Veiwed W" Arrowins fences and the damage 
done in his corn and Potatoes and the boys and I put put up a Stack on 
the East side cf the brook of 45 cocks and one north of the maple tree of 



222 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

14tii -y^g Stacked the stack S : West of the maple tree of about 30 cocks 
iu it and the Stack in the N : W : Corner of the Sqnar of 34 or 35 Cocks 
in it 

15"^ Robert Burns helped me and we stacked McCleary lot of 36 cocks 
in it and the Dispute Lott with 31 cocks in it I had 244 cocks in the Little 
meadow this year and John paid for the 2 qts of Ruiu we had from janies 
Smith for the 10th Instant 

16**1 J Iq^ ijiy ijoys play and I cut a Walnut stick on Francis Barnetts 
land 

17th I gQt; a Galon of Molasses on Cr from John Wallace 

19"! Math^ Little paid me 12V La : Mo : for makeing 12 Rakes for him 
this Summer and some change I overpaid him the 28th of last June and I 
went to Col Lutwyches and I paid him 12 £ old Tenor toward what he 
says I owe him and I got 4 £ of Hogs fat for greaseing Wool and 2 £ for 
frying from Joseph Scobey and my wife got 4 £ for Greaseing Wool from 
him 

20'*^ our belled heifer took bull by Goffes bull and I made 3 new Ox 
bows 

(Manifestly, two sheets of the Diary are here missing.) 

OCTOBER 1768 

IS'^i we had Marey Riddell Susanna McAllester Nancey Little Rosse 
Boies Lisey Moor Betty Love Margret Wallace Ann Scobey Margaret 
Burns and Rachel Barron helping us to Break, wool and Jean Bell and I 
got 21-2 gallon of Rum from Richard McAllesters wife on Credit 

14th J went to the Little meadow and gathered some Indian Hemp and 
I lent my bror Sam^i 15 Score of Barrel Staves 

IS'^i I writ a letter to Govr Benning Wentworth Esqr concerning the 
Meadow lott no 70 and went to Col Goffes for him to carrie down next 
week 

17tii I got in the last of my corn and in the evening I lent my horse to 
Elizth Moor to go to her cosen Mary McKinneys wedding tomorrow to her 
fathers and Will'" Godfrey spoke to me to come to their Vendue the 
31st Instant 

18*'^ I began to hew loggs to do up the inside of our outside Cellar 

19th 20"! & 2P' I got Timber to do up the inside Celar 

22'^' I workt at the Bridge at Majr Goffes and I hewed 4 string peices 
for a New Bridge only Lieut Moor hewed 2 sides of the New String peices 

23*1 was Mr Houstons Sacrament he had 11 heads of famelys (besides 
his Deacons) and two single men joyned vnth him 

24th I had James Pattersons 2 pair of Oxen and Nath'* Patterson a draw- 
ing the timber to do up our outside Celar and I got 12 sticks of Slit work 
that Majr Goffe sawed out of a Log of mine 

25"» we put in half of the loggs we hauled yesterday and in the Evening 
before it began to Rain and Rained all Night very hard 

26*^ we finished puting in the logs of two sides and the uper end and I 
hewed Stuff for the door posts Cell and Cap 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 223 

27"' I hauled it home with my horse 

28"' I framed at the Door frame 

29"' I hewed more logs for doing up the lower end of the Cellar and 
Sami' Patterson finished makeing a pair of Shoes for my jamey 

31st I "svent to widow Godfreys and Run some lines and Vendued some 
land of their Estate and lodged there over night 

NOVEMBER FIRST 

was on the same business and got home about dark and I drawed a deed 
of part of the land they sold to Mr Sam" Blodget and took a plan off of 
some lotts in Goffestown for him in the evening and Mrs Mathies went 
away home from work at our house 

2"^ & S"! I workt at getting timber for the Cellar 

4"' Capt Barron gave us a barrel of Cydar and I had Matthew Littles 
oxen and I hauled a Ridge pole to the Cellar and a few other sticks 

5th I -vvorkt at the Cellar and james Caldwell Senr gave me a heifer Calf 
and I brot it home in the Evening and John went to mill vnth 4 bushell of 
Indian corn of our own Raising and got 2 of it ground the other 2 he left 
at the mill 

6"' Mr Houston was in Hailstown 

7^'' & 8"' and half of the 9"^ I workt at the Cellar and about noon on the 
9th I was taken with the augue in my flesh and I went to bed very much 
out of Case and John Helped W"' Barnet 

IQth '^as a snowey day and W"' Barnet and W" Arrowiu and my boys 
Butchered my Ox he weighed 442 £ of beaf and 72 pound of hide still con- 
tinued unable to get up 

11"' 12th 13th 14th still confined to bed 

15"' Martha Burns finished Spining she was here 5 weeks 

16"' she went a Visiting up the River 

17"' she went home and Susanna went to Derry and brot 2 qts of Rum 
from Duncans and pd a pistereen for it 

18"' & 19"' still unable to do any work but not confined to bed the disor- 
der settled in my left leg and John got 2 bushell of Indian corn ground at 
Lieut Moors 

20"' the night before it snowed aboixt 2 inches deep and this day it hailed 
and Rained by turns all day and the wind high at North and from that to 
East uutill we went to bed 

2pt still cloudy and Snowed a little in the morning and continued to 
snow moderately all day and W'" Barnett brot me an iron Squar from 
Ovid Houston I am indebted for it to Ovid 

22'' It cleared away pleasant the snow is about 4 inches deep the bottom 
is solid and the top light 

23'! I hewed 7 Sticks for the Roof of the Clar being the first work I have 
done since the 9th Instant when I was taken out of case 

24"' WAS THE GENERAL THANKSGIVBING THROUGH THE 
PROVINCE 

25"' a moderate day and I borrowed 16 Spools from W" Baruetts wife 

26"' W" Barnett helped me butcher my hogs and Jonathan Currier 



224 MATTHEW patten's DIJAKY. 

helped till we had Scalded them aud Scraped and jouas Cutting helped me 
likewise my hogs weighed 440 £ the barrow weighed 161 and one of the 
Sows weighed 140 £ aud the other weighed 139 and I ^vrit 4 advertisements 
for Jonas for the sale of the lott I gave him in Bedford & W™ Barnett pd 
me the beaf he borrowed the 6th of Octr 

27th "When we got up in the morning the snow had fell 7 inches deep 
last night 

28"' the boys and I put the Hewed Stuff on the Roof of our out Cellar 
and throwed on the sand on the Roof 

29"* We fixed up two hewed posts under the Ridge pole aud I got a 
bushell of salt from John Wallace on Cr 

30"' I cut up our pork and my Wife Salted a barrel full of it in the out 
Cellar and John got a bushell of Indian corn and a bushell of Rie ground 
at Lieut Daniel Moors mill 

DECEMBER FIRST 

I workt some at fitting up my slay and getiug wood 

S*^ at the same business 

3'^ I went to the Meadow with my horse Slay and brot home 3 or 4 hun- 
dred of hay out of the Stack in the Dispute lott aud was a Clear day a 
Warm Sun but a Cold An- 

4"' it Snowed in the morning hard a little while and then left off and in 
the afternoon it began to Rain and Rained in the Evening and Night fol- 
lowing Extremely hard and before Morning the wind chopt to the N : 
W : and blowcd hard the Rain took the most of the snow off 

5tii ]\Xy -wife was much out of case with the augue in her head by her 
di'awiug a quantity of fish out of a barrell one day last week aud I got a 
qt of Rum from Mary Riddell for which I pd her 5V in Silver and we got 
up our Turnips and cut the toops & all piit in the Cellar before we went to 
bed 

6"' I workt some at the porch of the New frame Cellar aud toward Even- 
ing I went to Matthew Littles and I "writ a Deed from Hugh Riddell to 
George Hadley of three lotts of laud in Misteik farm in Goffestown and 
Waited to hear the award in Sam'^ Richards case with jas Vose about 
Voses ox aud got home about 4 clock in the morning 

7"' John Went Mill aud got 2 bushell of Rie and a bushell of Indian corn 
ground it snowed in the morning and then left of and began again in the 
afternoon and Snowed very hard out of the N : E : untill some time in the 
niglit it fell 5 inches deep 

8"' I mended my horse collar aud John Gillmor mended the steeples of 
my Hems and made a new link for them aud ciit aud Shut it again and I 
did not pay it 

9"' I went to the Meadow in the afternoon with my horse Slay aud brot 
home two or three hundred of hay it was almost all wet 

12"' I went to the meadow early in the morning & brot home a jag of 
hay aud in the afternoon to Capt Barrons and speut the Rest of the day 
and Evening prepareing to make the Rates 



MATTHEW patten's DIAllY. 225 

13"^ before day I was taken with a trembling and was seized with a pain 
in my Right breast & in smart pain 

14"> Sent to John Wallace to come and blood me but he had no launce 

15"^ We sent to Lieut Daniel Moor to come and blood me and W'" Cald- 
well was at. our house in the Evening and bled me in my Right Arm 

16"^ Lieut Daniell Moor came and bled me in my left arm and Doctr 
Fudger came to see me and advised to a posset drink turned with Vinegar 
with a teaspoonful of salt petre Disolved in it to make me sweat Since I 
have been sick I got two quarts of Rum and two quarts of Molasses of 
Mary Riddell and gave her a pistereen 

17"^ W" Caldwell came and bled me in my Right arm 

18"' Lieut Daniel Moor and his Wife came to see me and he bled me in 
the feet 

19th -^m Caldwell came and bled me in my left arm and I got two 
quarts of Rum from Mary Riddell 

20"' I sit up some today 

21 St was able to sit up but very inwardly weak 

22'^ and the night following there fell a Snow of 10 inches or a foot Deep 
the wind at North and high 

28^^ the wind high and the snow drifted and very cold John cut wood 

24"' cloudy but considerable moderate and John went to Lieut D Moors 
mill with two bushell of corn and before he went to mill he hauled home 
what wood he cutt yesterday 

26"' the boys got wood 

27"' The boys got wood in these two days I Recorded the lists of Rates 
and Warts 

28"' was a thawey day and Rained a considerable deal in the afternoon 

29"' I sent to Capt Barron and james Vose to come and Sign the list and 
Warts Capt Barron came and Signed and Vose was not at home it still 
continiied to thaw and in the Evening the wind blowed from the S W : 
and Rained a great deal that by morning the snow was cheifly gone 

3P' I went as far as Pattersons the first I have been abroad since I was 
sick 

JANUARY 1769 

1"' was Sabath day 

2'^ John winowed up 3 bushell of Rie & went to Lieut D Moors mill and 
got it ground and I went out as far as David Moors shop 

3'^ John finished a board Chimney in our outside Cellar and I got some 
Walnut bark the back side of james Littles field on Francis Barnetts laud 

5"' a pleasant moderate morning about ten the wind checkt about to N : 
W : and blowed hard and james Vose came to my house and Signed the 
lists of Rates and Warts 

6"' I sold my steer of a year old past which suckt to W'" Boies of New- 
boston for two Dollars and he gave me a 12 £ bill of Crown point money 
which I scrupld to take but he promised if it would not pass he would 
make it good to me and I went to Deacon Gillniors and -v^Tit a Deed from 
him of his home place and the 50 Acre lott he had of Majr White to liis 
15 



'226 MATTHEW patten's DIAitY. 

son James and Another Deed of his Meadow lott in the great Meadow to 
his two Daughters and I woiild not take any pay for it 

7^^ I attended the funeral of Deacon Littles son Joseph who Departed 
this life about 11 of the clock at night of the 5th Instant 

8"^ Sabath day 

gtii I -vvent to John Gillmoors Shop and he mended the button end of the 
«crauk of my wifes wheel and made part of a New horse shoe for me and 
John went to Mary Riddels and got 9 quarts of Molasses and he gave here 
a 12 £ bill and a pistereen and got a Dollar in change 

10"^ I went to John Gillmoors Shop and he made the Shoe and fitted the 
Hest and Made the nails and he came to my house and Set the four shoes 
the iron that made the shoes and nails was mine and the Steel that he put 
into the New Shoe was his and John got 5 quarts of Molasses from Mary 
Hiddell and gave her no money 

ll''' was a moderate day and cloudy it misted the most of the day and 
near night it began to Rain and continued to Rain exceeding hard till I 
suppose Midnight 

12*^ a fair pleasant morning like the spring and moderate and I went to 
the . Spruce swamp and got some spruce and brot home and I came by 
iames Mathies and lookt on his place on acct of our talk of swaping it to 
my farm in Goffestown 

13"^ I went and got a Stick for the sole peices for a Slea at the top of the 
long Slanting hill 

14"i I hewed the sole peices of my Slea 

16"^ I writ a Deed from Math"' Little to John Aiken of no 14 in the 7th 
Hang for it little gave me a pistereen and I went to Litchfield and I lodged 
at W'" Pattersons 

17th ^m Patterson informed me the night before that he had bought 20 
bushell of Corn from John Parker and paid it with his own Money at 19V 
pr bushell Silver money for me and I brot away 4 bushell of it and got it 
gi'ouud at Col Goffes mill 

18"^ I went and Run lines for Capt Barron and Thomas Murdough 
liound part of Miu-doughs place between him and John Aiken and between 
him and some of Capt Barrons meadow lotts and did some Writings be- 
tween them and they agreed to pay me equaly and John went to the 
meadow and brot home some hay out of the burnt lott it was froze all into 
Cakes by Reason of the Rains after the Stack was broke 

19^^ this day I was to. have gone to Lieut Barns of Merry mac to Run 
lines but was unable to do it 

20"i was a Cloudy day and John brot home a jag of hay and I went to 
Lieut Moors and got near 4 bushel of Rie ground 

21**' I brot home a jag of hay 

33<^ I brot home 2 jags of hay 

24*'^ I brot home one and John Gillmoor made 2 new Staples for my 
horses hems of my iron 

25"^ I brot home one and in the afternoon John broke one of the sole 
peices of my Slea 



MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 227 

2Qih. 27th ^ 2§th I -svorked at makeiug our slea these 2 last days was very 
warm aud pleasaut 

30'h I finished makeiug the Slea in the Evening 

3P' I began to frame at our Loom but was hindered a good deal with 
company & John brot home a jag of hay with the new Slea 

FEBRUARY 

1^' a Cloudy morning aud began to Snow about the middle of the day 
and snowed that by next morniug the snow was about 10 inches Deep and 
I brot home the last of the stack in the burnt lott the wind N: N: E : 

2ti continued cloudy all day aud the wind in the same quarter and Mr 
Amos Fisk of Holhs brot me the Veal skin that he took away last June 
With several others to tann for me and I Sent an Ox hide that weighed 72 
and a cow hide that weighed 52 pound with him on his Slea 

S^ I brot a jag of hay out of the stack on the East side of the brook in 
the Squar being the fii'st of the Stack 

4"^ brot another jag of hay 

6 & 7"^ Very windy aud Exceeding cold I worked at the loom and on 
the 6th John Gillmor new laid two Turning hooks for John 

8"^ keen cold but not so windy and I worked at the loom 

gth I -\yeut and Measured a peice of meadow for David McCleary that he 
sold to Sam^i Gibson aud writ the Deed 

10*'^ I Divided his Estate between him aud his sou David aud I writ the 
Deed and came home that Evening these three last days johu brot a jag of 
hay each day 

11'^ I brot home a jag of hay aud did a little to the loom 

IS"" I went to Litchfield aud got a side of Sole leather from Deacon 
Kenndell of Mr Fiske of HoUis of 10)^ £ weight to be Settled with sd Fisk 
and I gave Esqr Underwood the 2X Dollars that johu McLaughlin of New- 
bostou gave me on the 17th of Janry last to give to him and I settled Abel 
Websters note mth Esqr Underwood aud he Reed 8/9 La^vful on my acct 
and I owe him yet 11/s Lawful yet for what grain I had from him Last 
spring aud I got 8 bushell of the corn from johu Parker that W" Patter- 
son bot for me 

14"! James Gillmor brot a load of hay for me ou his fathers acct aud I 
brot a jag Avith my horse 

15 & 16"! I measured Hugh McColleys land out of Mr Godfreys Estate 
for Mr John Darling administrator for which he paid me two Dollars and 
Run part of the 17th for him of what he sold to Tho« Newman 

17"^ I measured Mr Russes land for Capt Stark for which he gave me a 
Dollar aud for the plan 

18"» I run lines for Capt Karr aud johu brot home 5 jags of hay with the 
horse in these 4 days 

20"' I went to Sam'i Pattersons to get him to come and malve some shoes 
and it rained a considerable & I pd John "Wallace 1-5-0 bay money toward 
the bushell I had of him 

21«' I went to Capt Karrs and took Capt Barrens brown mare with me 
to get shod she had a pair ou her fore feet and I got them steeld ou the 



228 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

toes & heels and I found a paii- of good shoes for her hind feet Ready steeled 
at the toes and had them steeled at the heel and all sett and I had a streek 
of my Cart Tyre Welded that was broke and 73 Cart Nails the nails weighed 
six pound and ten Ounces the whole of the Stuff was Karrs Except the shoes 
and I Avi-it 2 Deeds for George Hadley and Eben'' Hacket of their places 
one to the other and two instruments one for each to Discharge each a 
Mortgage but hacket did not Deliver and they Difered the affair- for a fort- 
nigh and Hacket gave me a pistereen toward my pay and Hadley paid 
nothing 

32^1 janies Vose came to my house and he and I went to Capt Barrons 
and then they and I came to my house We spent the Day in wi'itiug a letter 
to jos Scobey one to John Bell one to Mr Houston and two Advertisements 
and Examining Divers persons Rates who sayes they are over Rated and 
John cleaned up two bushell of Rie 

23"^ worked a little at the loom 

34*'^ I got a bushell of Salt from John Wallace on David McClearys acct 
and I paid William Barnett the half bushell of salt that I borrowed from 
him on the 6th of last October and Hannah Barnett gave me a present of 
aboiit a pound of butter 

25th I went to James Caldwells and filled 4 Deed blanks of W'"^ one from 
James to his father and another from W'" to his bror james and 3 from 
their father 

(More pages missing.) 

AUGUST 1769 
and the boys Reaped 7^2 Stooks of Rie which finished the Rie I 



have 40 lo Stooks in all and Lieut Dan^^ Moor gave me a Dollar to help me 
and Mr james Caldwell gave me 23/6 Bay old Tenor and I borrowed two 
Dollars from Mr Math^^ Little and I paid the Justice the fine and his fees 
being 0-19-9 La: Mo: and Mr Houston his being 3/ La: Mo: and all the Rest 
I owe I gave Ramsey a note for his fees being 1-0-9 to be paid in three 
months with Intrest till paid And our black Cow took bull with Major 
Goft'es Bull 

12"^ I put the Tire on my cart wheels and the boys Reaped oiir barly we 
had 21 Sheaves and our spring wheat we had 16 sheaves of it and got all 
our Grain and flax in the barn Except what flax was water Roted and that 
they spread today 

14"^ Lowery weather and very warm I workt at fitting my Cart 

15"^ Was a very heavey Rain in the forenoon and in the afternoon John 
and I hauled home a cut of White pine clapboard length from the mouth of 
Pattersons brook and I got a fore bred for my cart body out of a Refuse 
plank from Majr Goffe 

16"^ I finished my Cart and I got 2 Refuse boards from Major Goft'e for 
the bottom and I sent John to Lieut Halls and Got 5 quarts of New Eng- 
land rum on Credit to be settled in what he owes me on his bror Tho"* acct 

17"' I tm-ned a knot dish that holds about 2 quarts in the forenoon and 
in the afternoon John and I went to the meadow and began to mow in the 
burnt lott and came home that night 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY, 229 

18"^ was hindered at home uiitill 9 or 10 o Clock aud johu had to go to 
johu Gillmors to get the heel of his seyth sett out aud he came at noon to 
the meadow aud lodged at Scobeys aud johu at Caldwells 

19"^ we finished the bm-ut lott iu the moruiug aud we mowed some in 
the squar and about the brik Cilu aud the path the Bucks aud we Raked up 
33 cocks that was dry and 13 that was too green we Raked up all on the 
outside of the Chandlers fence 

2P' I butchered a Ewe that weighed 29^ £ aud my bror had one side 
it weighed 15 £ and went to the meadow at Dinner time and the boys 
went about 7 or 8 o Clock aud lodged at Mr Caldwells 

22'i Joseph Scobey aud his boy W" Houston aud David Scobey came to 
the meadow about Sun riseing aud helped me mow uutill about 9 or 10 

Clock and Francis Baruet sent his man (viz) Reason Advice and to help 
me and he mowed for me all day aud johu aud I mowed all day 

2311 "^m Caldwell mowed with me uutill about 2 o Clock and John and 

1 mowed allso aud we finished mowing by that time of day aud W"' 
Caldwell went home and Sent his boy (viz) David Briant to help me 
Rake hay 

24"* I had David Briant helping me aud W" Caldwell helped me in the 
afternoon to Cock hay 

25''^ had David Briant helping me and we put up 4 stacks of 99 cocks 
aud turned and cocked 27 cocks iu McCleary lott 

26"' had David Briant part of the forenoon aud he was taken oiit of 
case aud went home and the boys and I finished stacking about 2 o Clock 

1 have 208 cocks iu all in the meadow this year there is 41 iu the bui-nt 
lott 26 iu the Dispute lott 33 iu McCleary lott which are Stacked iu Each 
lott there is 28 iu the stack iu the N : W : corner of the Squar aud 20 iu 
the Stack north of the Maple tree aud 25 in that S : W : of the Maple tree 
and 35 in that on the East side of the Brook aud I writ 2 notes from David 
Scobey to his father aud took the acknowledgement of the Deed from his 
father to him aud I borrowed a Glass Bottle full of Rum from William 
Caldwell yesterday aud one of the boys aud I have lodged at Mr Caldwells 
each uight this week aud one uiglit two of the boys there has been no 
Rain since I began to get hay 

27*'^ Sabath day old Mr Currier informed us that he had seen a blazing 
Star the night before near the 7 Stars and the night following I see it 
about an hour below the 7 stars bearing something S : E : the blaze 
extended a little S : W : and appeared at about a yard aud a half or 2 yards 
long the Colour of the blaze is Whitish the star small I imagine the light 
of the blaze Reached a considerable way longer aud Spread wider and 
seemed to fork a little at the extreauiity of the light 

28"^ Sam" Vose came to my house aud he and I went to Capt Barrons 
and Consulted what defence to make against Abrham Merrills petition for 
a highway at the Sessions and we concluded for me to go down aud Vose 
and I went to Col Goffes and got a Citation from him to Merrile to hear 
some affadavits taken at the Colonels next thursday afternoon noon at 

2 o Clock and I came home aud Tho** Murdough was waiting on me and 
I drawed a Compt for him against Charles Black and a Wart thereon and 



230 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

he gave me a Dollar aud I gave liim no change the Coinpt & Wart & 
Subpeanas came to 3/6 Lawfiill 

29"^ I went to widow Godfreys and Abrham Merrill and Notified him of 
Depositions to be taken at Col Goffes on thursday next and Spoke to Tho^ 
Newmans wife Ezekial Stevens and jos George as Evidences and came by 
Sam" Voses but did not see him and came home toward Evening 

SO*'' I sowed on a paii' of Soles on my piinips and in the afternoon I was 
sent for to Mary Riddells where I went and held a Court between Tho» 
Mni-dough Complainant and Charles Black Respondant I adjourned the 
Coiirt nntill next Saterday at eight o Clock in the forenoon to my house 

31st J went and Summoned Joseph George & Ezekial Stevens james 
Gillmoor & W" Moor to appear at Col Goffes this afternoon in Merrills 
case and Bedfords about the highway and in the afternoon I with the 
other 2 selectmen attended at Col Goffes and to Mrs Newmans wifes 
Joseph Georges Ezeldal Stevens james Gillmor W"' Moors and james 
Marrs Depositions to go to Court against Merril 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

I went according appointment to Esqr Walkers to assist in arbitrating 
between johu Hog and Robert Hog they settled their affair the Evening 
before themselves aud Lieut Stinson came there to inform me who gave 
me half a Dollar for my trouble and he pd me a Dollar and a third which 
was the last of the price of the land he had from me last year in Bedford 
and I came home at Evening 

2^^ Murdugh and Black appeared and I adjoiu-ned then- case untill 
Monday the 18th Instant at eight of the clock in the morning to my house 
and William Arrowin is blacks surety for his appearance then and I fitted 
a plan of the River aud highways about Men-ils ferry to take to the ses- 
sions next week and went to Widow Godfreys to know aboiit then- mare 
to go to Portsmouth 

4th ]y/[y "Wife and I set out for Portsmouth and I Reed a half jo from 
Capt Barron of the towns money to Defend against Merrils petition and 
I had 24-6-8 old Tenor of my own and I swore David Starrett in favr of 
Derryfield against Lieut Hall and we arrived at Mr Towlles in company 
with Col Goffe and lodged there that night 

5"^ we arrived at Portsmouth about 2 o Clock and Sitt in the Sessions in 
the Afternoon and We lodged at Mr Nobles 

6"^ I attend and sitt in the Sessions 

7"^ Merrils petition came under consideration was dismist Mr Liver- 
more was for Bedford against the petition and Pickerin aud Sullivan was 
for it Mr John Darling gave two Dollars and I gave two more to Mr Liver- 
more the Court would not alow costs me and I paid Col Goffe three Dol- 
lars toward the governors Meadow lott in the little meadow and took his 
Rect accordingly 

8*'^ It Rained in the morning aud we lay by till about 10 o Clock and it 
abated and we got our horses and it began to Rain again and we sett out 
and the mare Idckt up and throwed my wife backward and hm-t her 
considerable and. we turned back again and the Storm increased aud 



MATTHEW patten's DIAEY, 231 

Raiued aud blowed hard the wind at N : E : it was a great Rain aud 
a hard Storiu 

9*ii we sett out about 10 o Clock aud Arrived at Towellses aud lodged 
there beiug Saturday night 

10"^ got home in the evening I had widow Godfreys mare down 

ll*ii I took Godfreys mare home 

12"^ I went and see my liay at the little meadow 

13"^ I went to Esq Lovewells at his Desire concerning some land in 
Hollis that was in the Law and lodged there the night following 

14'^ Esqr Lovewell and Esquu-e Shepard and Esqr Blanchard and I 
went to Hollis and Viewed several Bounds and I went to Esqr Lovewells 
and lodged there 

15*^ I got the Cloath from Mr Warner the Coathier that I sent there by 
my bror this summer there is 26 yds of it dresst cloath he charged me 
three shillings a yd Bay old Tenor came to 3-lS-O Bay old Tenor and 
Esqr Lovewell Engaged to pay him toward my Service for him and he 
gave me a Dollar toward my Expences to Portsm next week he Summoned 
me yesterday to go to Portsm next Monday to give Evidence at the 
Superioiu' Court concerning the land we were viewing yesterday in a Case 
wherein Mr Corwin and others appeallees and Mr Ball is appealant 

16''^ the boys and I heapt and burned old logs on the land we were- 
clearing 

IS*'^ I dismist Murdoughs Case and Black and aquitted Black and set 
out for Portsm in company with Esqr shepard and lodged at TowUes 

W^ I arrived at Portsmouth about 2 o Clock afternoon 

20*11 The Case came ou and was tried that I was taken down an Evi- 
dence on and the case went against Curwin and gave my acct to Esqr 
Lovewell in the Evening 

21^' I tarried and heard the Tryal of Capt Cavernaugh for the death of 
Capt George Henderson the jury found man slaughter the tryal began at 
about ten and lasted till after dark the jury gave their Verdict before 
9 the same Evening the same Day I Reed 3 dollars from Esqr Lovewell 
toward my journey to Court 

22<i I paid my Landress Noble what I was indebted to her husband of 
the last time I was there aud my Expence this time being in the whole 
7-6-8 new Hamp'' old Tenor and I came to Esqr Websters and lodged 
there 

23'! I came home about one o Clock I charged Esqr Lovewell 2-8-0 La : 
Mo : for my two days last week and 4 this week to Portsm and this we^k 
I found my horse aud bore his and my own Expences and last week he 
bore my Expences & I have Reed 1-4-0 La : Mo : aud he has promised to 
pay Mr Warner the Cloathier in Dunstable 3-18-0 Bay old Tenor as I 
mentioned before and the Remainder is due being 5-2-0 Bay old Tenor 

25*'^ I went to Lieut Daniel Moors to take his Invoice but he was not at 
home aud I Veiwed Deacon Moors land to Estimate it for the Invoice 

26"' I went along with my bror Sam" to Col Lutwychies being the time 
he adjourned Mr Houstons case and his and he judged luy bror Guilty 
aud he appealed and I was his Surity and I butchered a lamb that 



232 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

weighed 29 £ aud Lieut Moor came to my house and gave me his Invoice 
in the Evening 

27 & 28«i Capt Barron and I went to Sam^i Voses and with him we 
made the Rates and Vose took the list to the Constable and we just 
iinished with day light and came home in the Evening 

29"! I went to Capt Will'" Starkes pr desu-e of John Hogg to Arbitrate 
between him and his Coz Robert Hogg but Rob' would not come and John 
promised to pay me a Dollar for my trouble and I tarried at Capt Starkes 
over night and he would take nothing for my Entertainment and I Reed 
15V old Tenor from John Smith of Golfestown toward a Deed I got 
Recorded for him a good many years ago I came home and these 2 days I 
had my brors oxen near or about a day and a half helping to plow in the 
field before the house for to sow Rie on 

OCTOBER FIRST 

Mr Houston absent from Bedford 

2*1 I drawed a Compt and "Wart for old John McLaughlin against his 
sou in Law W" McDool charged 3/6 La : Mo : unpd and I borrowed 3-15-8 
La : Mo : of the towns money from the selectmen which with what I owed 
the town before came to 9 La : Mo : and I pd Col Goffe 3-6-0 La : Mo : 
toward the Govr Meadow lott no 70 and I owe him 2 Dollars toward it yet 
for which I gave him a note on Demand and I got the Deed of it from 
him which had been lodged in his hands for me and Tho« English cleared 
for me 

3<i I went -with Tho« English and Run Round the lott that he bot from 
John Barnett and I measiu-ed Round a peice of swamp he Cleared for Hugh 
Morrial and finished about sunset Morrial is to pay for measuring the 
swamp which cost about an horn* and half 

4"^ John McLaughlin and William Madole came to my house in the 
morning and I spent untill near noon with them on their Difference I ^vrit 
Ai'ticles to submit their affair to arbitration and I gave John McLaughlin 
a Summons and in the afternoon I went to Mr Stevens in Goffes town to 
see a pan- of Oxen but he was not at home and Betty McFarland came to 
see us 

5"! I bargained with Benj Stevens of Goffestown for a pair of Oxen for 
26 Dollars and he is to bring them to me tomorrow and I writ a deed from 
Major Whites sons in law to james Gillmor of Merrymac of the meadow 
lott no one in the Great meadow in Bedford 

6"' Benj Stevens brot the oxen I bot from him yesterday and he aud I 
went to Col Goffes and the price offset on the Execution I have on the Col 
and he alowed the price to Stevens on what Stevens owed him and james 
Gillmor quited his bargain of the meadow to Lieut Moor and I writ a deed 
to Lieut Moor of it and No 49 a meadow lott and they (viz) Major Whites 
sons in Law pd me 2 Shillings La : Mo : for the 2 deeds 

7"' we began to Gather a little of our corn and Repaired our tyup and in 
the afternoon I went to Tho^ Newmans to arbitrate al^ng with Capt John 
Moor and David Sparrit between Capt Nathaniel Martain and Lieut 
Daniell Macneill about a lott of land biit could nqt agi-ee them 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 233 

8"> Mr Houston was absent from Bedford 

9*'^ I went to Lieut Daniell Moors mill and I got no meal they were pick- 
ing the mill I took 1 ^^ bushell of Indian corn of our own 

10"' I went to mill again and took l^s bushell of Rie and got it and the 
corn I took yesterday Ground and lost my jack kuif 

11"' I went to mill again and took l^o bushell of Indian corn with me 
and alhnost a bushell of Rie and got them ground and lookt for my knif 
but did not find it and on the 9th I cutt up the Indian hemp in the Little 
meadow 

12"' Joseph Kennedy came about 9 or ten o Clock and I workt with him 
from that time till night at plane stocks 

13"' I workt at plane stocks along with and for Joseph Kennedy untill 
about the middle of the afternoon and we finished a plow and a Habit and 
a large O : G : and he got a back O : G : with a beed from one of my own 
which was New both Wood and Iron and we put what Apples we had in 
with my brors Sam^i to make Cydar we had what made a large Cake in 
the Chees the boys ground them and helpt build the Chees 

14"! we got a load of Wood and Diged potatoes the Remainder of the day 
15"' Mr Houston was absent from Bedford 

IG"' Was a small shower and then it thundered and Rained a considera- 
ble of a shower and the wind got into the N : W : and blowed very hard 
and exceeding Cold and in the Evening I Drawed a Compt and Wart from 
David MacNight against George Hogg for which he paid me 25/3 Bay old 
Tenor 

17"' I went to Samuell Pattersons to try to get him to come and make 
shoes for our boys but could not prevail and in the afternoon I found a 
Swarm of bees in a hemlock tree that the wind had blown down on the 
causeway east of Arrowins it is a young ^warm and I cut the peice off that 
they were in 

18"' John and I went with the Oxen and we got a Crotched Stick and 
layed the loggs the bees were in on it and hailed it home and Sett it up 
and we got in the last of our Corn 

19"' I went to Lieut Moors Mill and I got between 3 & 4 bushell of 
Corn Ground and I got my jacknif at Lieut Moors from sarah Riddle that 
I lost on the 10th Instant George Hogg f ovmd it 

20"' last evening and this morning lookt very much like snow and very 
cold in the forenoon it began to Rain and continued and the Night follow- 
ing was a considerable Rain 

21"'- was an Exceeding Warm pleasant Day and we Diged potatoes 
23=^ We finished Diging our potatoes I suppos we have 200 bushell and 
on last Saterday we took notice that there was none of our bees to be seen 
or heard and on Examining we fou.nd the Comb broke all down and the 
bees almost all Dead by what means it was broke down we know not but 
I conjecture somebody had broke the Comb down with a Stick to do me a 
Damage they had not above a pound of Honey 

24"' I went to janies Caldwells and I Run a peice of the line between 
liini and Tho" Wallace and I WTit a Lease from him to Andrew Beard of 
John Caldwell Mcneills place in Newboston for which I reed 3 peistereens 



234 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

25"i James Pattersous brot us S,' £ of Tea a poiiud of powder 2 £ Loaf 
Sliugar a pair of Wool Cards aud a paper of luk Powder from Boston for 
which I sent 3-10-0 Bay old Tenor and I got a Quart of Rum from Mary 
Riddell on Credit and I swore james Cowan to five accts and writ the five 
severall Captions charged 5V La : Mo : unpaid 

2&^ I went to Lieut Moors Mill and got above a bushell of corn ground 
and we took notice of a BLAZEING STAR in the west about an hour 
high at daylight down 

27"^ I cutt wood and Bob brot the Cart and we got home two loads 

28'!^ the boys cut and carted home 3 load of wood and I workt at the bot- 
tom peice of a leath (?) for the loom 

30"! I finished the leath for a loom and I butchered a Ewe that weighed 
4330 £ and Mr William Goffe came in the forenoon to make shoes at oiu- 
house 

31^' I went to Londonderry to Rob' Faii-service to Run lines for him aud 
lodged there over night 

NOA^EMBER FIRST 

I came home and I bot an Ivory Comb at jas MacGregores and pd a peis- 
tereen and a half for it and ig an Oz suutf 3/ old Ten' for it and 4 Aull 
Blades 4/ O : T : and lig yd of Tommy at Pinkertons and paid 2 Pister- 
eens a yd for it aud 2 yds of Wire 2 shillings and Fairservice pd me a Dol- 
lar and a half for my service and Mr Heper came to make up Cloaths for us 

2*1 I sowed 5 bushell and about a peck of Rie in the field before the house 

3<i John went to Lieut Moors Mill and got 3 bushell of Inidian Corn 
Ground 

4"i I gave Ebenz'^ Wood of Goftes town a Wart against Simeon Tiittle 
for a breach of the peace came to 3/3 Lawful unpaid and we took up our 
Turnips in the old Cow yard we had 15 basketfulls of them the basket 
holds a bushell and half 

0"^ I went and Divided the 3d Division of Savages Right for Lieut John 
Moor and John Aiken unpaid and Mr Goif e and Mr Heper came back to 
work 

7^^ I workd at a tub and lasts 

8"^ nothing of bussiness 

S*'^ I went to John Pinkertons in Lo : Derry and bot 5}^ Dozn of Duble 
polished Coat bottous and 2 Dozn of jackcoats do and 1 dozen of Alls and 
9 Needles for which I pd 8-11-0 old Tenor aud 4 of the alls IVIi- Goffe had 

10"' Mr Goffe finished makeing Shoes at this time he has made Nine 
paii-s in all and soled a pair for me he made a pair for each of the family 
except my wife and Susey and I butchered one of our Sows that weighed 
124 £ 

1 1"> I worked some at the tub that I had begun 

13"' And Bob went to Lieut Moors mill wdth 3 bushell of corn and jamey 
and I work at the porch of the Cellar and John Tkrashed Rie 

14*'' Mr Hepi^er went this morning to Mr Caldwells and I ^yTit a Deed 
from John Aiken to John and Habijah Savage and another from John Bar- 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 235 

net to Tho^ English and I went to Mary Riddells and gave English his 
deed unpd and I took the acknowledgement of Aikens and he paid me 4 a 
pisteeren peace of Silver for the Deed and Acknowledgement and for half 
of the Dividing the 3d division no 15 on the 6th Instant 

15"^ Mr Hepper Mended my Leather britches and finished for this time 
he came here the 1st Instant and has been here since exceept one day which 
is 12 working days and 1 Samuell Hazeltou of Hollis came and paid me 
5-7-8-1 La : Mo : on Lieut browns acct being what he owed me 

16"^ I sent 10-13-0 Bay old Tenor by Mr Haselton to Mr Amos Fisk being 
what I owed him before and 1-17-0 Bay old Tenor toward the Tanning an 
ox hide that I put in last spring to him to tann and my Wife and Susey 
and John and I Went to Joseph Scobeys to his Daughter Anns wedding 
which was a very large Company I suppos near 100 persons 

17"' I gave Jonathan Blan chard an . pound four and ten pence 

Lawfull to be paid in Febry next which he paid me and intrest in janry 
1766 on Eben'^ Far leys acct and I went to Lieut Moors Mill and got 3 
bushell of Rie ground 

18'!' I went and hauld home a load of hay with my own Oxen from the 
Meadow out of the Stack on the East side of the brook bed the first I hauld 
this year 

20*'^ I hauld another load of hay and we T\vitched home some wood in 
the afternoon and Rained considerable in the afternoon 

2^' it Rained alhnost all day and last night throughout it has Rained 
agreat deal since it began yesterday and I finished makeiug the Tub for 
dieing in 

22^1 we all hands banked at our outside Cellar and did it off and and put 
two logs more on the sides of the porch 

231 t;vAS the GENERAL THANKSGIVEING and my wife went 
Litchfield to William Pattersons to pay him some money I owe him 

24'h my ^\^^fe paid William Patterson 19 £ Bay old Tenor which I owed 
him for 20 bushell of corn that he bot for me of John Parker last year he 
would take no Intrest for the money and his pains and the boys got wood 

25*'^ my wife came home and John and jamey and I went to the Meadow 
and John went to Lieut Moors Mill and got 3 bushell of Rie ground and 
we cleared a new path into the Disput lott and we brot home a load of hay 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM NOVEMBER 25th 1769 

27"' it began to Snow a little after daylight and snowed all day it fell 
about 8 or 9 inches deep the wind at N: E: 

28*'' A Very cold day and the wind at N: W: and the night following 
Extreemely cold 

2gth Thg gu^ji shone very clear and warm but the night following very 
cold and I Hewed Slats and a Spier for a Sled 

30'h I went to Deacon Walkers to speak to him about his going to Ports- 
mouth an E\idence for my bror and from there to Deacon Boies to speak for 
his horse for jamey Vose to ride on to Portsmouth an Evidence also 



236 MATTHEW PATTEX'S DIARY. 

DECEMBER FIRST 

I and John got a stick to Goffes mill to make Sled sides and I let Mr 
James Caldwell have a Coppy of the transcript of the highway by his house 
to send to the sessions to be presented and Writ a letter for him to Mr 
Livermore on the acct 

2'' I gave my bror 6 Dollars to help in his case with Mr Houston and 
went to Tho^ Boies and he 'lent my bror 4 which I brot to him and John 
went to Major Goffes Mill and brot away the Sled sides that he sawed out 
of the stick he took to the Mill yesterday being 2 pair 

4*1' I was much out of case the latter part of the day and evening and 
John Taggart of Goffestown came and paid me a Dollar for the complaint 
and Warrant I drawed for him against Simeon Tiittle on the 4th of Novem- 
ber last and there is 5 pence La: Mo: comeing to me yet on the acct of sd 
Compt & Wart and My bror set out for Portsmouth with his witnesses 

5th I -^yent to Mary Riddells and called a Court between John Maclaugh- 
lin and his son in law William McDole and Adjourned the Case at the 
Desire of John Maclaughliu to the second Tuesday of March Next after 
they left their affiars to Richard MacAllesterand Tho'* Boies and Swore to 
abide their judgement and the arbitrators swore to do impartialy between 
them according to the light that appeared to them 

6^^ I worked at the sled 

7"^ Att the same Employ and at Evening my bror came home and in- 
formed us that his case ^vith Mr Houston Quashed on accot of the judge- 
ment of the justice 

8'^ I put my Sled together and went and brot a jag of hay 

S"> I brot the last of the stack on the East side of the brook and made 
up my load out of the Stack in the Dispute lott 

1 1"! I went to Merr J^nac to run lines for Jonathan Blanchard 

13*'^ It misted and we could not Run and I came home and I drawed a 
Writ against Eben"^ Farley for my o^^m Debt 

13"^ I went and Run lines for Blanchard again and the wether was very 
cold and windy and we left off by the middle of tlie afternoon I charged 
him 3 Dollars and he paid me one and the other is alowed on the note I 
gave him last Novembr and the Remainder of the Note I am to pay to 
Tho^ McLaughlin 

14"i I had Jonathan Blanchard sorrl mare and went to Hollis and got a 
Constable to serve my writ on Farley the constable was Samuell Cumings 
juur he alowed me the traviling fees and I paid him the service and came 
home in the Evening and John Gillnior sharped the Coarks of my Horses 
shoes and Set all four of them 

lo'h & 16''! I hauld a load of hay each day and John got 4 bushell of corn 
from Col Goffe and got 2 of it groiiud 

1S"> I hauld a load of hay and then butchered a sow that weighed 130 
pounds and John hauld another load in the afternoon and I went to Mary 
Riddells to John McLaughlins and William McDoels arbitration and swore 
them to their Accts and charged 3/ La: Mo: unpaid and got home at about 
1 1 o Clock at night 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 237 

19"' I went to Widow Godfreys according to appoiiitnieut and Arbitrated 
with Col Gott'e and Ensu McCurdy between the guardians of Tho** Halls 
Estate and Molly Martaiu and finished about two of the Clock in the 
morning Lieut Hall fell from the award and Capt Karr for Molly and Hall 
agi'eed to pay the costs between them which Karr paid the half for Molly 
but Hall paid none 

20"' I came home about 2 o Clock afternoon was a good deal out of Case 

21"' I brot 2 load of hay from the Meadow and Mr James Caldwell Gave 
me 14 Candles they were were smal in size 

22'' I brot home one load of hay which finished all but a Cock or two 
that I left for John Gordon I have my barn full of hay and sheep house 
and under the back scaffold in the floor 

23'^ we got some wood and pine 

25"' I attended at Col Goffes on the case I sued Eben'" Farley but he did 
not appear and was Defaulted I Recovered 1-9-7-3 Damage & cost the cost 
was 13/11 and I writ a Deed of the place Patterson lives on to james Mar-, 
tin 

26"^ Martin came and got the Deed and paid me for it and we butchered 
our two Barrows one weighed 1 58 fa pounds and the other weighed 54)^ 
pounds 

27"' I cut up our barrows and the boys cleaned up 3 bushell of Rie 

28"' I got a Gallon of Molasses from Gan Riddell on Credit and jamey 
got the 3 bushell of Rie that was cleaned up ground at Lieut Moors Mill 
and John and Bob got two loads of wood and we borrowed a peck of Salt 
from my bror Sanii^ 

29"' I shaved some hooks and Set some on a barrel and a tub 

30"' I got two bushell of Indian coin from Col Goffe and had it ground 
at his Mill very windy and cold 

31"' Sabathday cold and wind the forepart of the day The year ends 

JANUARY 1770 

Monday begins the year the morning and forepart of the day very cold 
the after part more moderate the evening it began to Rain the wind at 
East and got from there to the South and thawed a good deal by morning 
and we got wood 

2"' The wind at South and thawed all day I mended the moiith of our 
Oven the boys cut wood at the Door 

3'' The boys cutt down the young pine on broken up Ground it froze the 
last night and is now very slipery 

4"' I worked some at a little tub and Cleared some \vith the boys above 
the broke up Ground 

5"' I attended the funeral of james Yoses youngest Child who Died the 
3d Instant very suddenly 

6"' I finished the Tub and writ some for Tho" Murdough 

8"' Sam'^ Vose Sam^^ Moor Will'" Moor Lieut John Moors sons james 
Gilimoor Ensn McLaughlin and Francis Barnetts man and Sam" Gott'e my 
bror Sam" and I and my three boys cleared the Grave yard and burned 
the brush and Capt Barron sent John Vickery and jonas Cutting as we 



238 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

liad doue and they stayed aud mended up the fires and I went to james 
Caldwells and borrowed a Tea cup full of Tea and they gave me I suppose 
1}4 & of Butter and a peice of Cod fish my wife was very much out of 
■Case suice Sabath day in the afternoon 

9"! I attended the funeral of Martha Taggart daughter of Patrick Tag- 
gart deed 

10*^ I had John Gordon aud james Mathies two sons Robert and Hugh 
helping me aud I and the boys all cleared at the Little meadow we cut 
down the most of the stuff on the upland on the north side of the path as 
we go into the meadow on the East side 

nth I vs^ent to Joseph Farmers and Alexanders to try to buy some Corn 
"but Farmers was all promised and Alexander wood not take 2 pistereens 
a bushell and I got none and came home by Lieut Caldwells and Moors 
and the boys thrashed at the Rie and did overings about the house 

12''i I cleaned up a little more than two bushell of Rie and got two 
bushel of it ground at Lieiit Moors Mill and the boys thrashed some more 
and it began to Snow a little while before night and fell near 8 inches by 
next morning 

13*'^ I got about seven Jills of Rum from Sam^^ Vose and 5 shillings Bay 
old Tenor toward what I paid for him at John McClenches when we went 
to Run the line between Bedford and Amherst 3 or 4 year ago and I bor- 
rowed 3 fulls of Mr*' Voses thimble of heripeikery from her 

15"» I got 2 bushell of Indian Corn and 2 of Rie from Major Goffe and 
I paid him for the Corn aud one bushell of the Rie and the other I owe 
him for 

Ifi'h I got the Grain I had from Major Goffe gi-ound at Lieut Moors Mill 

17th y^Q hauled out 3 oak logs and got some wood 

18* Anna McFarlaud came to our house in the Evening John went for 
her and we got out 2 pine logs 

19"^ Mr Fiske brot me a Side of sole leather that weighed 13 pound and 
I sent 4 Sheep skins and a Veal skin with him he is to take a Side of my 
Sole leather at his house and weigh it and we are to Settle the affaii- about 
it afterward 

20*'^ we hauled out two logs and brot home a load or two of Wood 

22<i I attended a town Meeting about Piscataquog bridge and before I 
went to the Meeting I cut the ankle of my left foot on the outside 

23'i my brors boys helpt me more than half the day to Draw logs we 
took 3 to the mill and I hewed a bunk and a Slat for my brors loging Sled 
it snowed about an inch today. 

24«> it fell 3 or 4 inches of Snow last Night and Snowed some all day 
and I finished makeing the Bunks and Slats for my brors sled 

251'' I Recorded the Wart and Votes of the meeting held the 22d Instant 
and I went to Mary Riddells in the evening to talk with her about take- 
ing her examination of Bastardy but did not do it and I filled a blank 
deed for Gan Riddell to John Bell of Bells place and took the acknowl- 
edgement unpd 

26 & 27"^ we cutt aud hauled some logs and some Wood 

29"^ I went to Goffestown at Lieiit Littles desu-e to assist him in his 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 239 

case agaiust Sam" Richards before Esqr Blodget at the court held at Capt 
Kari-s the court sit till about 8 o Clock at uight aud then the justice 
adjourned of his own motion till the 22d of next march aud I came to 
Lieut Little and got a bushell of Flaxseed that James Vose spoke for me 
last faul 

30^'' I worked at makeiug a head for my Surveying Staves 

31*^' was not able to do anything with my ancle it was so lame "" 

FEBRUARY FIRST 

was to have gone and took a plan of Daniel McNealls & Tho^ Russes 
Controversie pr order of the Inferioui- Court (which order Capt Stark gave 
me at Capt Karrs on last Monday) but was not able to go and I sent John 
up to Godfreys in the morning to send word to the parties and chainnien 
not to wait on my comeing nor was not able to Stir to do any business 
today 

2d 3d 4th 5th gth lay by and could not move with my Ancle the boys got 
some wood 

7"^ I helped to bring home 2 load of wood and hauled out 2 logs 

8"^ was not able to do anything today I was so lame and Hannah McFar- 
land went home she has been here 3 weeks lacking one day 

9''^ It began to snow in the morning the wind (any that was) North 
easterly on the 5th I took the acknowledgements of 2 Deeds from Capt 
Allds on to Tho'* Murdough and the other to Sani^i Moor Lieut John Moors 
son which Deeds I had -writ some time ago Deeds and Acknowledgements 
unpaid 

10* I sent John to Col Lutwyches With a letter concerning some money 
I owe him aud a line to Lieut Caldwell and another to Capt Parkers 
Widow for money they owe me 

12"^ I sent John to Caldwells to Receive 3 Dollars and to dun for some 
from Widow Taylor of Merrimac and carrrie it to Col Lutwyches I con- 
tinued unable to travil my ancle is so lame the other boys cut some wood 
aud got home 2 load he got but 2 Dollars from Caldwell and got none from 
Widow Taylor he waited at Col LiitAvyches till toward bedtime but he 
was not come home and his mother would not Receive the money and he 
came to Gibsons in Litchfield and lodged there 

13''^ John came home in the morning and gave me the two Dollars he 
got from Caldwell yesterday Tho'' Boies brot me a Dollar and a thu'd from 
the Province Treasurer for my attendance at the Sessions in June & Septr 
last and I gave William Holms a Summons for William Baruett & 
Jonathan Currier in his case with Arrowin charged 1 shilling unpd 

14"^ a Rainey day the boys Thrashed 

lo'h a thawy day and a most of the snow went off 

16*i' the boys cleaned up 4 bushell of Rie and it began to Snow the wind 
at N : W : toward night and fell 3 or 4 inches deep 

17"^ I sent John to Col Lut^\"yches to pay him some money but he was 
not come home and he got two bushell of Beans from Timothy Taylors 
Widow at 4/s Lawf ull money pr bushell which pd for a day I Run lines 
for her husband the 18th of June 1764 and for the 3d of a day I run lines 



240 MATTHEW PATTE^"'S DIARY. 

for her ou tlie 20th of June 1768 and he got I'^o bushell of the Rie gronud 
he cleaned yesterday at Lieut Moors Mill and I gave William Arrowin 
a Summons in his case with William Holms 

19"^ I gave David Moor a Summons in his case with John Liveingstoue 
and he gave me a pistereen and it Rained hard a considerable part of the 
day and in the Evening the wind checked into the N : W : and blowed 
■very hard all night and as soon as the wind tiu-ned it cleared imediatly 

20*'^ the Avind extreamly high all day John & james fell pines on the 
land we have been a Clearing above the Cow yards and joshua Tolford 
and William Morrow came to See us 

21«i John & james & I cleared at the little meadow the afternoon we 
cleared on the Governor lott in the S : W : Corner 

22'i According to appointment with Capt Stark on Monday last I went 
to Mr Russes to take a plan of his and Lieut McNeals Coutroversie but 
did not do it by Reason that Capt Stark and Mr Russ agreed to leave the 
affair to Col Joseph Frye and Col Sani'^ Barr and Esqr Holand and I 
tarried at Mr Russes over night 

23'i I AATit a power of Attorney for Mr Russ to his Son Simeon and took 
the acknowledgement and Swor him to an Acct for his son to Recover 
and charged him nothing and he charged me nothing for my Entertain- 
ment my horse was at Mrs Godfreys and I borrowed }.2 a hundi'ed of 
T : P : nails from Whitefield Gillmor and came home in the evening 

24"' it snowed so much that the whole on the Groimd is a foot or upward 

25"^ the wind very high all day 

26"' John took 3 logs to the Mill and Bob went to Lieut Moors Mill and 
got 1^2 bushell of Rie gi-oimd 

27"^ John took down 5 logs to the Mill and jamey and I cut one logg and 
some wood 

28"' my brors Sam" helped lis down with a large log and John took one 
for him and 3 for ourselves 

MARCH 

1^' Capt Barron & Sam" Vose and I met at Mr James Caldwells and 
Examined him and Joseph Scobey on their Constable and Collectorship 
and gave Mr Houston an order for this years sallery being 45-2-6-2 Law- 
full Money and Severall orders to Divers other persons and John took 7 
logs to the Mill 

2'i John took 5 oaks which finished what oak logs we had cut being 27 
oak logs in all at the Mill and he took one white pine and my brors 
Samuell took 2 other white pine to the mill and I fel two yelow pines for 
Masts by the graveyard 

3^1 John got 2^-2 bushell of Indian Corn from Zecheriah Chandler and he 
paid him a Dollar and he went to Lieut Moors Mill and from there to Col 
Lutwyches and pd him 2 Dollars toward my Note and came and lodged at 
Lieut Moors 

4"' he came home and brot l^n bushell With him 

5"' it began to Snow last Night and by this morning it was 9 inches 



MATTHEW TATTEX'SDIAIIY. 241 

deep & I gave George Hogg a Wart agaiust james Moor of Merryniac 
junior & took his Note for tlie pay of it 

6'^' I went to Meins and got >4 of Tea two pounds of sliugar and ^2 an 
ounce of Snuff and paid him 0-2-9-2 La : Mo : for them and the boys got 
wood 

7"^ 8*'^ & 9«> the boys and I Oiitt and drawed Pine Logs on the Sth I had 
Pattersons oxen to help to draw 2 logs 

10*'' my wife went to William Morrows 

12"' my Wife came home 

18*'' we took 3 logs to the mill 

14"' I laad Pattersons oxen to help to di-aw 2 logs 

15"' what logs we took to the Mill today make 30 pine logs and james 
Moor junior of Merrymac came and Paid me for the compt and Wart that 
I gave George Hogg agt him on the Sth Instant which came to 0-3-7-2 
and he gave me a Dollar and he is to get the change as soon as I can get 
the Dollar changed 

16"' I took 3 loggs to the mill and I settled with John Bell and our accts 
was so near that we throwed up and past Rects and I got 2i^ bushell of 
corn from Zachariah Chandler on Credit 

17"' I took 3 logs to the Mill 

19"' I took 3 logs to the Mill and I had james Pattersons oxen helping 
me with 2 of them 

20"' I took one log to the Mill and 3 as far as Pattersons and I had 
Wards oxen to help and Tho'^ Boies paid a fine of 5"/ La : Mo : for a breach 
.of the Sabath on the 18th Instant in takeing William Caldwell a prisoner 

21*'^ I took 7 logs to Pattersons with my oxen and horse which makes 
50 pine logs there is 40 at the mill and 10 at Pattersons in all I had 77 oak 
and pine this winter. 

22'' we hauled some bottom logs for fence alongside the road on this 
side holms bridge 

23'' I sold my shoes and ^vl•it a Deed from Capt Allds to Lieut Daniel 
Moor of part of the lott no 4 in the Great Meadow unpaid 

24"' my bror Sani'^ & John his Oxen and I and my John and bob and our 
Oxen and horse Hauled of a Quantity of plank at Goffes Mill and we 
hauled in 7 Oak logs of mine and 6 of my brors on the ways 

2{)"' I went along with my bror to Gearfields when he went to his trial 
on Mr Houstons 3d complaint and Col Lut^vyche would not try the Case 
we tarried over night Hugh Ramsey who was the officer would not return 
the Wart my bror offered his body for trial before Col Lutwyche twice 
but he would not try him they sent to Hollis and Amherst for a justice 
but could not get one 

27"' Ramsey put my bror under keepers about the middle of the day 
and he went to Amherst for Esqr Shepard and Returned near Sun Set 
without him and commanded new keepers over my bror to take him to 
Amherst by force which they did I lodged at Clenches and he at Capt 
Reads 

28"' we got before Squire Shepard in the forenoon and got the case con- 
tinued till the 10th of April for Council and pleas then to meet at Lieut 
16 



242 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

Moors in Bedford at 10 o Clock forenoon and came to attend our aunnal 
meeting bnt they had chose the town officers and adjourned just before 
we got there I was chose Clerk and 3d selectman 

29th J -went to Mr Meins and Returned him the bouki'am I got of his at 
Esqr Hollands we used 1/2 yd of it and I returned him about 3 yds and I 
paid him for 1^ yd that we had used and for % of Tea and 2 £ of shugar 
and 2 Coppers worth of snuff I got now came in all to 40/s Bay old Tenor 
and I came to John Thomas and Joseph gave me a bushell of Rie for my 
Runing lines for him last summer and another bushell for lines that he 
wants Run which I am to do for it and I came to Joseph Scobeys and he 
let me have 2 bushell of corn on acct of what services I have done for him 
and I got the whole Ground at Lieut Moors Mill 

30'^^ Mr Hepper came here last monday and finished this day makeing 
Jonas Cuttings cloath he has been here now 5 days and he was here 12 days 
last Novbr at 12V Bay old Tenor pr day conies to 10-4-0 Bay old Tenor in 
all which I owe him 

3l5t ^TQ hauled in some logg (viz) oaks and a White pine for plank 
and what plank were sawed to the River 

APRIL 2 

I attended our Annual meeting by adjournment 

3*1 I went to Joseph Scobeys by appointment of his and his Wife to try 
to bring about an Acconunodation between him and his son and Spent the 
day on it 

4*1' I went to james Voses and ■\\Tit a Deed from him to josiah Wood of 
his land in Mistick farm & intend to give it to Vose and I took the ac- 
knowledgement for which he wood paid me a shilling La : Mo : 

S'l' WAS THE PROVINCE FAST 

6"' I had the the shoes on my horses fore feet and one of them stelled at 
the toes at John Gillmors shop by John Jameson and in the afternoon and 
Evening Capt Barron and I met at Tho* McLaughlins & di-awed the Warts 
for the sm-veyors of highways exceept John Aiken 

7*1' I Run the line for Richard Ward between a lot of Chandlers heirs 
and Mr Houston and was more than % the day I charged % a Dollar unpd 

9th I "vvent to Gearfields to take Depositions for him and Capt Kelley 
who was to be one of them did not come and Gearfield went after him and 
I tarried over night waiting for him 

10*'' I came to Lieut Daniel Moors to the trial between Mr Houston and 
my bror Mr Houston Dropt that Wart and had a new Wart ready and 
they had a trial before Esqr Shepard and he gave Judgement agt my 
brother and he appealed 

11*'' I went with John Dow of Atkinson to his sons Jobs in Goffes town 
to Divide off 80 acre out of the lott that Job lives on for Job but did not 
finish and I charged him a Dollar and he gave me 3 pistereens toward it 
and the other 2 he owes me 

12"' I took Capt Kelleys Deposition for Nathaniel Gearfield unpaid at 
my house and John Parker the adverse party came in aboiit one fourth of 
an hour after Gearfield and Kelley went away and I had to give Parker a 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 243 

Writing concerning my giveing Gearfleld a Notification and wliat Gear- 
field told me of his Notifieiug Parker And I went to Widow Godfreys to 
help to Divide the Estate of to the Widow and the heirs 

13"' On the same business and came home in the Evening and I charged 
2 Dollars unpaid 

14"' I went along with Whitefield Gillmor to Run the lines of a lott of 
Col Goffes that he might see if he liked it to buy it but he did not and 
then I Run the line of a lott of Robert Neasmiths for him but he did not 
like that I charged a Dollar to be discounted on a Note of a Dollar and % 
that he has agt me 

Kjth I -vvent with Tho" Murdough and Run the lines at the 2d Di\dsion 
he had from Col Goffe and diawed a plan of it I charged 5"/ La^\'f ul 
money unpd 

17"^ I planed the work that I did for John Dow on the 11th Instant and 
Siissanna brot me half a bushell of salt from Sam^^ McFarland and jean 
McFarlaiid came to oiu- House to Spin 

18"^ I went to jos Scobeys to Di\'ide the Estate between him and his son 
and I -writ a Deed from Robert Neasmith to Whitefield Gillmor I charged 
2/ Lawful each to pay one shilling I lodged at Scobeys 

19*^ I Run lines for Robert Neasmith the forenoon and I charged him 
4V for the Deed yesterday and what I did for him today and I owed 2/7 
X and he paid me >^ ,\' in cash and the afternoon I assisted Scobey and 
his son I charged them 3/ La : 

20*^ Lieut Daniel Moor had 1580 feet of White oak plank from me and 
Major Goffe let nie have 130 feet more than he owed him which Goffe 
alowed me to have and Goffe had about 1000 feet of board that was sawed 
out of my loggs and feet of White oak plank and a stock of white pine 
Decking plank of my loggs and we are to settle afterward and jamey and 
I went with the oxen and horse and helped Lieut Moor do\^ai the bank 
with the plank 

31^' I sowed almost 2 bushell of Rie in the field before the house and 
spent an hour or two with old Mr Turrill looking over the proprs Records 

23'^ William Kennedy came to our house to make shoes and I sent bob 
to Tho* Miu-doiighs and got a bushell of spring Rie for me to sow 

34th I "Vendued John Gordons place and sold it to one Nathaniel Clark 
(of Londonderry a Weaver) for 32 : 9 : LawfuU Money and Writ the deed 
and note and Clark paid me for the acknowledgement and Gordons is to 
be settled afterward 

25"' I borrowed a pistereen from John and half a pistereen from jamey 
and half a pistereen from bob and 2 coppers and I took 2 bushell of rie of 
my own to Lieut Moors mill and went to Rob' Alexanders and he let me 
have 2 bushell of corn and would not take any pay for it on acct of being 
his freind on Turrills affair about land and I got a Dozn of fish hooks and 
an oz of Snuff and 10 oz of tobacca and a Quire of paper from Rob' Meins 
for all which I paid him 17/ Bay old Tenor and I got 2 bushell of corn 
gi-ound at the Mill 

26"' I Writ a Deed of John Moor juniors place to Robert Addams of Not- 
tingham West and Addams paid me a shilling Lawful for the Note and 



244 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

acknowledgement and I went to janies Caldwells and took a peck of flax- 
seed with me and Sowed in his orchard for susey 

27*'^ jean McFarland went home after Dinner she has been here 9 work- 
ing days inchiding the day she came and the day she went away and I let 
her have a pan- of shoes and I sowed almost 4 bnshell of Rie 

28*^ I went to Run lines for jamey Vose but he was from home and I 
did not run On the acct I was much out of Case and I sowed near half a 
bushell of rie which makes 6 bushell and almost a half I have sowed now 

29*^1 Mr Houston was absent from Bedford 

30th J took the Invoice of all west in my district except Clan Riddells 

MAY FIRST 

I Run lines for Samuell Turrill I charged 5/ Lawful unpaid & Han- 
nah McFarland came to our house 

2'i I made 4 single pullys for to weave oiir fustine and Hannah McFar- 
land and susey put it in the loom 

S"! Hannah McFarland went home in the morning and I went and Run 
lines about Sami^ Vose and janies Yoses for them to see to Rewuill them 
but could not I went at james Desire and I intend to give him my servic 
toward paying him for the trouble he has in being an Evidence for my 
bror in his Case and Mr Houstons 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM MAY 3d 1770 

A^^ I sowed about ^4 bushell of flaxseed above the Barn 

5th I i^srrit 2 Deeds one from Sam^i Turril to his son Sam" and another 
from John Aiken to John Savage and others the last deed is paid for by 
Lieut John Moor by ^o a bushell of Rie on the 12th of last Apr and in the 
afternoon I went and got some oylnut bark on the Island 

6"i Mr Houston was absent from Bedford 

7th "William Kennedy came to us to make Shoes he went home saterday 
night was sevennigh and has not been here since till today last night was 
a prety Rain 

8"^ it Raind last niht and a while this morning I spent the day a fishing 
and I catched 19 chubs and 11 pickerill and a perch and the boys planted 
potatoes yesterday and today 

9"! I set out for Monson to Run lines for Mr james Gordon of Boston 
and took Tho^ Mvirdough with me according to Instructions and lodged at 
Mr John Burns in Monson and found Col John Tyng and Col Lovewell and 
Mr Tylor of Boston Esqr Shepard and Sam'i Cumings Junr and Divers 
others 

10^'^ a Rainey day and we could not do any Runing of lines and after 
we had waited till about the middle of the day we all unanimously agreed 
to adjoiu-n till the 22d Instant to meet the night before att the place and I 
wrote Ovid a letter acquainting him of the agreement and desireing his 
attendance then and to get me word if he would have Come to come there 
then and I sent it by Col Lovewell and I lodged at Mr Burns this night 
also 

11*'! I set out in the morning and went to Hollis and got the side of my 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 245 

Sole leather from Mr Fisk and got Eusu Benj Parker to promis to pay Mr 
Fisk 25/ Bay old Tenor that he owes me and the other side of my leather 
that Fisk had in leiw of that I had from him last Winter weighed he says 
13 £ and that I had from him weighed IS^o £ 

12"^ I went to Rob* Alexanders and got 2 bushell of Rie from Meius and 
paid him 102-10-3 Bay old Tenor for it and 2 coppers worth of Snuff and % 
£ of Tobacca and 11 rows of pins and paid him 5/ 10 Bay old Tenor for 
them and brot the Rie to Lieiit Caldwells Mill and got it ground and had 
the Toal to be settled for on acct of the hay he had from me Winter was a 
year 

13"^ sabathday I went and met the Corps of Alexander Orrs wife at the 
little meadow 

14*'^ the boys and I layd up part of the log fence and james Cowen paid 
me 19/s Bay old Tenor towards what he owes me 

15"^ we finished laying up the log fence a While before night I went to 
Col Goffes to a Meeting of the proprs of Dartmouth and got home I suppos 
afer midnight and I gave Capt Barron 2 bushell of potatoes 

16*'^ I had my brors 4 Oxeu helping me to break up north west from the 
Barn 

17"^ I had my brors 4 Oxeu and Wards oxen helping me break up and we 
were hindered both yesterday afternoon and today with the plow giveing 
away and Richard Ward got 2 bushell of potatoes 

18"^ 1 went and bot 2 bushells of Rie from Lieut John Moor and paid him 
6/8 La^vful Money for it but could not take it away and Zachariah Chand- 
ler got 2 bushell of potatoes he got 2 bushell of potatoes a few days ago 
which makes foiu* bushell in all 

19"^ I had Tho" McLaughlins oxen and my brors 4 oxen helping me to 
break up and we broke a peice of the point of the Colter and I set the boys 
to Harrowing and I went and got the 2 bushell of Rie from Lieut John 
Moor that I bot yesterday 

21 St I got the colter mended with John Gillmor and I began to new build 
my brors plow and the boys fiirrowed our old land 

22'! I finished the plow and I had my brors Oxen & Mr Wards the after- 
noon and we finished breaking up 

23'^ we began to plant our corn and I had my brors Oxen and Tho'* Mc- 
Laughlins harrow and we harrowed what we broke up yesterday 

24th my -brors John and jos helped me to plant & I went to Amoskieg 
and got 13 shad and 15 elwives at our new setting place and sent them 
home by my bror and lodged at Mr Russes at free Cost 

25*1^ I fished at our new Setting place and got 20 Shad and 64 elwives 
and John came up with the horse and took them home and I came home 
that Evening and the boys finished planting in the forenoon and my brors 
John helped my boys to finish planting & I Reed a Dollar from Ezekial 
Stevens on John Darlings acct 

26*11 I went to the falls and got 2 shad and 13 elwives 

28*'> I went to Rob* Alexanders and got 4 bushell of Rie from him and 
paid him a Dollar of it and I owe him 2-15-0 Bay old Tenor for the rest of 
the price of it and I took it to Lieut Moors mill and got it Ground and I 



246 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

had the toll of it from him for pay and I borrowed 43 threads of Twiue 
from my bror Sam"« Wife 

29th William Kennedy came to our house again to make Shoes and the 
forenoon I knit a new bottom to the Net I had of John Clogston last Sat- 
erday and I went to the falls and Hung the net that I tited up today 

30*^ I got 12 Shad and John came up in the afternoon and he got 4 or 5 
and I went to Russes along with Capt Stark and Lieut McNeal about then- 
Controversie and went home with Stark and lodged there 

31*' John got 11 Shad and I came to Samuel Voses pr his desire Signified 
by his Wife and assisted Col Goffe in takeing Deacon Walkers Deposition 
in perpetuam and got home at one or two of the Clock in the morning 

JUNE FIRST 

John fished at the new setting place and got 9 shad and I went up about 
the middle of the day and fished on the Island and got 5 Shad we have got 
42 shad this Week and Susanna had Mr Wards Mare to take her as far as 
Col Todds in Londonderry on her way to Chester to See her freinds 

2'^ John Gillmoor Made a New Shoe of my brors Iron and Set it and 
moved the shoe on my horses fore feet and the afternoon Capt Barron 
Tho** McLaughlin and I went about altering the Road between jas 
Caldwells and Deacon Smith across the hill instead of going where it was 
laid Ai-ound by Caldwells N: W: Corner 

4"' I Avent to the falls about 10 or 11 o Clock and got 20 shad one Ell and 
a Dozen Elwives and james Vose had my horse to Portsmouth he is an 
Evidence for my brors Case with Mr. Houston and I settled with 
Whitefield Gillmor on my Note and I owe him yet of prinsaple and In- 
trest 1-17-7 Hampshire old Tenor 

5"^ I did no great of work I was very weary it Raind some and I took 
Capt Walker and my brors Invoice and I borrowed 54 threads of Tw^ine 
from my brors -wife that I owe her in all 97 threads wnth what I borrowed 
from her on the 38th of last may 

6"^ Capt Barron and Thomas McLaughlin and I made the Bridge Rate 
at Tho^ McLaughlins and John fished at Amoskieg and got 3 Shad and he 
sent them to Hugh McCalley and he brot home 8 Ells of that he got in 
this nights fishing 

7"^ I made a pair of heels for a pair of Cloath shoes for my wife and I 
made a last for Polly and another for jeaney 

gth "When we got up in the morning our belled Cow was Calved and had 
a heifer calf and about the middle of the day Deacon Walker came from 
Portsmouth who had been there as Evidence in the case between Mr Hous- 
ton and my bror and brot us the agi'eeable news that my bror had beat 
Mr Houston on the Merrits of the Case and james Vose came home about 
Dusk with my horse from Portsmouth and I A^rrit a Deed from Tho^ Karr 
to his son james and another Deed from Tho* Kennedy and some of his 
bror or to Sam^i Kennedy both unpaid This day was a considerable heavy 
Rain 

9"^ I went to Mrs Godfreys and I got 3 hoes from W" of Ainos Pages 
that he left there to be sold at half a Dollar each and W" Godfrey took 



MATTllEW patten's DIARY. 247 

Ezeldel Steveus payiiiaster for them who owes me three Dollars on John Darl- 
ings acct and I went to the setting place and got 3 shad one of which I 
gave to Mr Godfrey and the other two I brot home 

11"' I Coppyed of the Remainder of the bridge list and Wart and took it 
to the Collector and went to Joseph Scobeys and Run the lines of their 
Divisions so as to fitt for Drawing Quitclaim deed Between him and his 
son and tarried there all night 

12''' I ^\Tit the Deeds between them and they Signed them and I took 
the acknowledgements which took up the day till night and I came home 
by Lieut Daniell Moors I charged for my Service 9/ La: Mo: unpaid 

13"' I went to Litchfield and got 4 bushell of Rie from Sam'i Gibson on 
Credit and I brot it to Lieut Moors Mill and they Ground about half a 
bushell of it but it was so Damp that they shut down the mill and he prom- 
ised to Sun it tomorrow I owe Reads folks for my ferriage going and come- 
ing and I got 2 Coppers worth of Snuff from Meins and paid it 

14"' I hooped a pail and the boys Hoed at the corn 

15"' I went to the Falls and I catched 7 Shad and a 10 £ Salmon and I 
got 4 shad that John and I had lent Hugh McCalley and the boys Wed at 
the corn 

16"' I got a pig from Joseph Scobey of some age for which he charged a 
Dollar 

IT"' Mr Hoiiston was absent from Bedford he was to preach for Mr Par- 
sons of Newbury 

18"' My brors Sani'^ and I fished at the new setting place and we got 7 
shad and a Small Salmon and IS Ellwives and Lieut Daniel Moor sent me 
4 Dollars by his son toward the plank he had from me last spring and our 
Heifer Calved a bull Calf 

19"' I put a peice on the Stock of Esqr Underwoods Gun 

20"' I paid Hannah Murphy two Dollars for Mr Heppers letter toward 
what I owe him and Susanna came home from Chester and the afternoon 
I and the boys went to the Raising of Piscataquog bridge and I went to 
the falls a httle before night and I catched 3 Shad an ellwive and an Ell at 
Evening there was six men throwed off the bridge and 3 of them very 
much hurt (viz) W" Holms W'" Macdugall and Joseph Moors 

21" I ^vrit a Deed from Capt AUd to Lieut Daniel Moor in the Room of 
one I ^vrit some time ago which I had writ a Warrantee and had to writ 
a Quitclaim today and he pd me 2/ for it and a Deed I writ from him 
to Sam" Moor and I took the acknowledgement for Lieut Moor to pay and 
I writ a deed from John Vickere to his bror Moses and took the acknowl- 
edgement for which Moses is to pay me in grain 2V Lawful 

22'' I made a Coffin for the Corps of Joseph Moor who died last night he 
lived after he got his hurt about 30 hours 

23'' I attended Joseph Moors funeral and janiey got the last of the Meal 
of the Grain I had from Gibson and he got a bushell of Salt from Lieut 
Dan" Moor would be discounted in my Plank we had 

25"' I settled Avith W'" Goffe for what Shoes he he made for me last faul 
and I fell 2V Bay old Teu"^ in his debt and I Gave him 5"/ bay old Tenor 
what work he did for me came to 5-7-6 Bay old Tenor and I pd him a Dol- 



248 MATTHEAV PATTEX's DIARY. 

lar in inouey aud Vamps for a pair of shoes and seven La.sts came to 5-5-6 
bay old Ten"" and I made the hoops of 3 shiigar boxes and I got 3 quils 
for Esqr xinderwoods Giin from John Gilbiior and I finished Mending his 
Giinstock 

26*"^ I butchered our young Cows Calf it weighed 42}^ £ of Veal aud I 
went to Litchfield and paid Sam^^ Gibson 4-19-0 bay old Tenor toward the 
4 bushell of Rie I had from him the 13th Instant & I ow him one 
Shilling bay old Tenor of it yet and I got one bushell of Indian corn and a 
bushell of Rie from John Quig for which I am to go aud Run lines next 
monday or Tuesday for him and I got it Ground at Lieut Moors mill and 
I had the Toal 

27'^ Capt Barron and Eusn McLaughlin aud I met at my house and 
made at the Minister and Province Rates & I got a Gallon of Molasses from 
John Wallace on Credit 

28''^ the last years Select men went and Veiwed the bridge over Piscata- 
quog River the forenoon as a Committee and the afternoon "We met at my 
house and finished Makeing the Rates Aud I writ a Deed from John 
Aiken to james Lyon & took the acloiowledgement for which Aikeu paid 
me 2V La: Mo: and 3V Hamp' old Ten'' over that I could not make to give 
him the change 

29*'' I went out vnth John McCleary to fiud the lotts that a jDeice of land 
that he wanted lay in the 4th Rang west of the bogg for which he paid me 
5/6 Lawful Money down 

30*'' I finished Coppying the lists and Warts and I took them to the Con- 
stable 

JULY 2d 

I borrowed two dollars from Capt Barron and one from W" Caldwell to 
be paid in a week & I paid Hugh Ramsey one pound one shilling Lawful 
for his ser^dce last August in the case that Mr Houston prosecuted my 
wife 

3<i I went to Litchfield and Run the line between John Quigs and Gib- 
son's places and I went and lodged at William Pattersons 

4th -y^m Patterson had procured for me 2 bushell of Rie from one of the 
chases and he sent his son and got it and 6 bushell of Indian from Widow 
Parker & he borrowed 3 Dollars from Deacon Kenndell and let me have 
them and I paid her for the corn it was ^o a Dollar pr bushell and I got it 
up to Quigs and I Run on the line between Mr Cotton and Gibsons place 
and I brot home the 2 bushell of Rie and t^vo of Indian and left the other 
4 bushell of corn in Quigs 

5"' I suned the 2 bushell of Rie that I had from Chase yesterday and 
picket the durt out of it and it lacked 5% full of the beer quart of two 
bushell aud I got 4)4 £ of Potash from John Bell for which I am to give 
him 2X bushell of Ashes and james Martain Tho^ McLaughlin Majr 
Goffe and I agreed to fish in Equal partnership for Salmon and Martain 
and my brors boys got 3 Salmon and they sent me half of one that weighed 
6X £ INIartain and I fishes together on Mondays Wednesdays & Fridays 
for this season all to be at Equal cost cost of Nets &c 



ISIATTHEW patten's DIARY. 249 

^t'l Spent the most of the day with people that came to the house I put 
the bottom into two large shiigar boxes and got an Iron puding pan from 
John Gillmor that he had mended and fished and got 2 Salmon in the Nett 
and they broke through & got away and I got a quart of Rum from my 
bror on Jonathan Curriers acct pr his Verbal order 

7"^ I worked some at makeing a pail and had company that hindered 
me 

gth "vvas Mr Houstons Sacrament 

9"i James Martain and I got a Salmon that weighed 14}^ £ and we divided 
it in two and had half each of us and I went Litchfield to finish Runing 
the line between Mr Cottons and Gibsons place and did it accordingly and 
lodged at Quigs and jean Mcfarland came to Spin at our house 

10"^ I Run the headline of Gibsons place and fixed it N: E: Corner which 
was gone and got Mr Cotton to frame the substance of of a letter to Secretery 
Oliver on the afi'air of the preabulation of the lines of Gibsons place and 
come home and brot 4 bushell of Indian corn from Quigs being what his 
John brot from Widow Parkers for me last week and I bot 2 £ of tobacca 
from Meins and pd him i^' La: Mo: for it 

11"^ I ^vl•it a deed for George Cowen from Ephraim Cowen to Richard 
Hail unpaid and I workt at makeing pails 

12*1' I workt at makeing pails and I took the acknowledgement of a deed 
from Esquu-e Simpson to Samuell Gordon and Gordon paid me a Shilling 
Lawful for it 

13"^ I butchered our Heifers Calf it weighed 40% £ of Veal in the Even- 
ing I went to the Brook and there was seven Salmon at it and in i^utting 
out the Netts there was a Stick about the board that tangled it it when we 
got about f 3 part out and pestered us so that we Enclosed 3 and two of 
them broke out and we got one that weighed 7)^2 £ we waited and hauld 
after the moon Rise and got two 1 weighed 16J^ and the other 13?'4 and we 
divided & martain got 19 £ and 10/ ozs and I got 18 £ & 10/oz 

14th I -yyeut with the other Selectmen to lay out the highway from Mc- 
Clearys to the foot of the bogg but stoped at Giffins by Reason that Giflftn 
and Wylies would have it south of the Cow hill and we would not lay it 
there. 

16*'^ In the afternoon I attended a town Meeting and John Went for 
Chester and took 2 pails and a large shiigar box that I made and some 
dishes that he turnd for his aunt jean Tolford and I aclaiowledged the 
Deed that I \\Tit from John Aiken to the Savages that Lieut John Moor 
paid me for in Rie the 12th of last April and I got 6 £ of a 11 £ Salmon that 
Martain catched he got 2 and gave Goflfe and McLaughlin the other 

17"' I settled with Lieut Daniel Moor for the plank he had from me this 
spring being 1580 feet and a hundred feet that Major Gotfe let him have 
and allowed him to pay me (and we are to settle for them) and what owed 
him on book and what he paid me before this spring being 5 Dollars and 
24-16-6 Bay old Tenor he paid me this day paid off the whole of the plank 
& I paid William Caldwell the Dollar that I borrowed the 2d Instant 

18"' I and Elijah Colburn catched 2 Salmon that weighed 27 £ I had one 
that was 15 1., and Martain had the other that weighed 11 1., and I went to 



250 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

Litchfield aud I paid Capt Barron 2 Dollars that I borrovv^ed from him tfie 
2d Instant aud I paid Rob' Alexander 2-15-3 being what I owed him to- 
ward 4 l)ushell of Rie I had from him the 28th of last April and I paid 
Deacon Keuudell 3 Dollars that William Patterson borrowed for to pay 
widow Parker for 6 bushell of Corn for me the 4th Instant and I left a 
Dollar and a pistereen with William Keundell for William Patterson to 
pay for 2 bnshell of Rie he got for me the 4tli Instant from one of the 
Chases and I got a bushell of Rie from John Quig and I got a bushell of 
Rie from Moses Vickere aud I paid 10/ Silver money and 15/ he owed me 
for writing & ackuowledgeiug a Deed the 21st of last June aud I had % £ 
of Indigo and % of Madder 2 £ of tobbaca and a Dozen of fish hook from 
Meins for which I paid him l-lS-2 Bay old Tenor and Martain & my boys 
got a Salmon in the Evening that weighed 18 £ 

19tii I took the acknowledgement of a Deed for Richard Hail from Cow- 
ens for which he paid me a Shilliug Lawful and afterward I went to 
Russes and Run lines for the Retferees in McNeals aud Russ coutroversie 
and was an Evidence in the case also charged a Dollar unpd 

20*'! I went to David Burns in Amherst aud paid Mary Burns for her 
sister Martha 4-4-0 Bay old Tenor for Marthas spiuing at our house faul 
was a year her wages come to 3-15-0 and I pd a pistereen for waiting and 
I got a quart of Rum from John Bell for which I paid him 5/ Bay old 
Tenor 

2P' I mended up my Rakes and planed off 5 new Rake handles 

28'^ Martain and I catched 2 Salmon one weighed 30 £ and the other 
weighed 21 I had the largest and I made off 2 new Rakes for Rob' Neas- 
mith and fitted a parcel of Rake heads 

24"^ I took 3 rakes to Robert Neasmith for which he paid me 1-7-0 Bay 
old Tenor and I got his little Gii-1 to go to Capt Ohamberhns Mill for me 
with a bushell of Indian Corn and a bushell of Rie and I gave half a pis- 
tereen for her going Aud I Run lines about the home lotts for John Thomas 
for which Joseph let me have a bushell of Rie the 29th of last march 

25"> I finished 2 Rakes for james Martain aud one for John Thomas and 
I sent jamey and David to the brook to fish with Colburn and they got a 
Salmon that weighd 22 £ and I had the half of it 

26"' I fitted some Stuff for Syth Sneaths and finished makeing a Rake 
for John Thomas and one for Rob' Neasmiths Gii-ls that went to Capt 
Ohamberlins Mill for me the 24th Instant 

37"^ I bent at some Scyth Sneaths and hung my scyth ou one of them 
and John went to Capt Chamberlius Mill and took almost a bushell of Rie 
with him and got a bushell of Indian Corn of John Thomas on acct of my 
Runing lines there the 24th Instant & got them Ground and Colbui-n and 
I got a Salmon that weighed U}., £ and I had it which makes me 10 £ 
ahead of Martain 

28"' I hewed and Shaved some Rake stales and bent a scyth sneath aud 
such puttering work 

30"^ I began to Mow in the Little meadow aud found that the worms 
and grasshopers had almost destroyed my burnt lott and hurt the Rest a 
great deal 



MATTHEW patten's DIARV. 251 

31st I -went to Alexander McAllister in Londonderry and Run lines for 
him at Moose Hill and lodged there with him over Night 

AUGUST FIRST 

I -svrit two powers of Attorney from the old women and 4 of the childer 
to Rob* Fiiltou and took the acknowledgement they paid nie half a dollar 
in money and 4 £ of Cotton at a pistereen a ponnd toward my pay and I 
came to John Duncans and I got 2 Gallon of Rum for which I paid 1-16-0 
Bay old Tenor 

2'! I writ two advertisments for Dartni' -uth meeting to be held the loth 
Instant 

3'' John and I went and Mowed at the Little Meadow and we finished 
the bui-ut lott and the afternoon we mowed in the Squar and jamey & 
bob & david Reaped 4 Stooks being the first of our Reaping 

4"! I got 18)^ £ of beaf from Sam'i Yose at U4 penny per £ La: Mo: 
which paid me for my assisting in takeing Deacon Walkers Deposition 
with Col Golfe in perpetuam the 31st of last may and I paid his wife the 
hirespickery I borrowed there las faul or Winter and John went to Litch- 
field and got 2 sow pigs from John Quig the one he gave me and the other 
I am to pay for and I mowed some in the afternoon in the Little meadow 

5"* Mr Houston was absent from Bedford 

6'^ I went after my oxen to goffestowu and got them home about 2 
o Clock and in the afternoon I took in 8 Stooks of Rie and some odd 
sheaves and the boys turned hay at the little meadow and Raked and 
there was a shower in the afternoon that put them from it 

7**^ John thrashed 2 Stook which produced 2 bushell and 4 or 5 quarts 
and the other boys and I Reaped 3 stooks and 4 Sheaves and then we went 
to the Meadow and I brot home a load being what was in the burnt lott 

8"^ I brot home a load of hay and the boys Reaped 

Q^^ I brot home a load of hay and I took in 16 stooks and 9 sheaves there 
was 17 stooks and 9 sheaves in the South Field mth the old baulk 
included 

10"i my horse put out the Stifle joint of his off thigh and spent the fore- 
noon about it and the boys Reaped the forenoon above the barn 

11"^ the boys and I Reaped and we pounded 3 of old Mr Curriers hogs 
who has lived a long time in our field and did us a gi'eat deal of Damage 
Moses came and promised to take care of them and I let him have them 
Avithout asking any Satisfaction 

13"^ I went and Run the lines of no 2 & 3 in the Great meadow for 
James Gillmor and Moses Vickere and Lieut Daniel Moor joined on the 
outside and Gillmor pd me a pistereen and Vickere is to pay me in corn 
and Lieut Moor paid me 5/ Bay old Tenor 

14tii ^yy Reaped and in the afternoon was a shower that put us out 
from it 

lo'h iu the afternoon I went to Col Goffes to a Proprs Meeting of Dart- 
mouth and the boys and I fimshed Reaping the field before the house and 
tlie Rie that was on it carted in there was 23 Stooks of Winter in it 13 of 
Spring Rie 



252 IMATTllEW patten's DIAKY. 

1(!"^ we Reaped 13 Stocks and 9 sheaves which finislied our Reaping' wo 
liad 40 Stocks in rhe South field and above the bam the whole of our Rie 
amounted to 77 Stocks and we got the last of it iu 

17''' I carried .iohu Bell IB^o bushell of Ashes iJ'o I alowed him for the 
4^2 £ of pot Ash I had from hiui on the oth of last July and there was 10 
bushell lucre to be paid and I got 10 £ of shugar for them from him 

18"' I mowed some at home in the afternoon 

20"' I sent John with a letter to Esqr Lovewell to lutV)rm him that I 
could not go to portsmo this week and he got % an ounce of Nutmeg and 
a paper of pins at Meius and a yard of wier for which ho paid 11/10 Bay 
old Tenor 

'^l**' jclm and I mowed in the Little Meadow 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM AUGUST 21st 1770 

22'' My brors John helped us at the Meadow we mowed the Dispute lott 
and Raked what John and I mowed yesterday being 37 or 38 cocks and 
Susanna went to Meins and got I4 of popr and I4 of alspice for which she 
paid 9/6 Bay old Tenor 

23'' was a Rain in the Night and elovidy all day and very mugey hot 

24"' we Raked up the Disjiute lott and had 15 cocks on it and I carted 
a jag of hay from the Meadow 

25"' Ave mowed part of the day and Raked up 13 cocks of What we 
mowed today and susoy went to Derry and got ^o £ of Tea and a string of 
beads frc^m iiinkerton for which she paid 20/(5 Bay old Tenor and borrt)wed 
some Wool from William Morrows wife 

27"^ we worked at the hay in the Meadow a clear pleasant hay daj- 

28"' Raiuey day and My bror Sam" and John Wallace killed a Cow that 
they got from Matli"' Little they had her at 1/(5 pr £ Bay old Tenor she 
came to 17I0 Dollars I had a hind Quarter from my bror that weighed 
68 £ it canie to 5-2-0 Bay old Tenor I spent my day about it on Credit 

29"' I brot a load of liay from the Meadow 

30"' and 3P' I brct two load of hay from the Meadow each day 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

I brot 2 load oi hay from the Meadow 

3'' Sam" Kennedy pd me 2 pisteroons for Writing a Deed from his 
brethren to him and some advice &c I did for him and I went and Run 
the lines of the 2 southerly lotts in the 4t:h Rang in this town for John 
McClearA^ and John wtnit to the Meadow and brot home 8 Cocks of hay 
being the last I had 146 Cocks in all in the little meadow this year we 
picked 7 cocks in Governor lott where we never got any before 

4"' Writ a Letter to Esqr Peirce of the value of the lott I run yesterday 
for my Runiug yesterday and the letter today John McCleary paid me a 
Dollar and I plowed in the field by my brors and we got 6 £ and 7 ounces 
of pot Ash from John Bell 

5"' and 6"' I plowed in the field by my bror and finished the field and on 
the 6th when I had done plowing I went to Mill and got two bushell of 
Rio and a biishell of Indian HTOund 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 253 

7th I harrowed iu the foreuoou and the afteruooii the boys aud I Cut 
stalks 

gth I -^vent to Col Goffes mill aud got 2% bushell of Rie Ground 

10*'^ I got clay at my brors clay pit and mended the moiith of our Oven 

IV-^ I waited on Esquire Jenness sou at Col Goffes about going to Pier- 
mont to lay out the home lotts and we concluded to go as soon as I coiild 
and am to send him word by the post when I can go 

13"' I cleaned up 5 bushel! of Winter Rie and sowed 4 of it in the field 
by my brors 

M*'^ I sowed about 5 bushell of Rie for my brors boys iu the field by his 
new barn 

15"! I sowed about 18 quarts of Rie which finished My field by my brors 
being 4^^ bushell and about two quarts on it of seed 

17"* I cleaned up 8 biishell of Winter Rie 

18"^ I got 2 bushell of Winter Wheat from Col Goffe to Sow 

23'! I sent John to Derry and brot 3 Galon of Rum from John Duncan 
and I paid a Dollar of it and I owe a pistereen of it 

23^1 my Wife was exercised with Travail pains since yesterday forenoon 
and I went and brot Grany Moor to oiu- house my Wife was considerably 
Exercised in the night but was better a days 

34th Yoj Wife was easyer this day altho she is and has been for a con- 
siderable time very poorly Aud John went to Meins and got % £ of tea 
and he paid two pistereeus of it and there is % a pistereen due toward it 

25"* my wife was Delivered Safe of a Daughter precisely at 12 o Clock 
at noon after aboundance of hard Labor and and a great deal of Discour- 
agement and fear of Deficualty My Wife and the women were all a great 
Deal Discoui'aged my brors Sarah and Betty sit up with the child the 
night following 

26"* there was a considerable Rain last night and this morning and I 
sowed the two bushell of wheat I had from Col Goffe the 18th instant 

27"* last night and today I sowed a bushell and about 5 or 6 quarts of 
Rie which finished what Indian hills I shall sow this faul and I butchered 
a Ewe that weighed about 38 or 39 £ 

29"* I workt at the highway from the hither end of the Casway to the 
bridge west of Arrowins and John workt the forenoon at it and jamey & 
Bob got a load of wood 

30"* my wife had a very 111 turn was very feaveris she got a Sweat and 
was a little Easyer in the Evening 

OCTOBER FIRST 

being Monday my mf e was worse in the middle of the day bnt was 
easyer in the afternoon and I workt at a table for jenny Polard and 
Samuell Kennedy gave me one shilling sterling for advice 

2'i I sowed near % of a bushell of Rie on part of the flax ground and 
part of the stuble I have sowed 6 bushell and one half of Rie this faul and 
two bushell of wheat and I worked at the table I was at yesterday and I 
did some AVTitings for Lieut Little and james Vose about a boy that Vose 



254 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

got from Little for which I charged 2V aucl Little gave me one pistereeu 
aud I could not give him his change and Vose owes his 

3'^ I workt some at the table 

4th I ^yj-it tiie Deed of "William Holms place to Jacob Freze and took the 
acknowledgement for which Freze paid me 2/s La : Mo : 

5th I -yyi-ite a Mortgage Deed from Jacob Freze to William Holms and 
took the acknowledgement for which Holms is to pay me 2/ La : Mo : 

gth I -went to Benj Dows to Measure off 46 acres out of the lott he lives 
on to his bror and after he had measured from the S: W: corner to the 
River we were obliged to leave off because we could not measure over the 
River and I writ a deed from his father Joseph Dow to him of the 
Remainder of the lott and in the afternoon I went to George Hadley for 
Abraham Merril and ^^Tit a Deed from Merril and another from Ezekial 
Stevens to said Hadley and Merril and Stevens paid me one shilling each 
for the deeds and Hadley paid me a pistereen and seven coppers toward 
the acknowledgements and there Remains 9/s Old Tenor of the pay for 
the Acknowledgements yet aud John went to Meins and got a Gallon of 
Rum and }4 £ of Loaf shugar and a pound of Tobacca and a Coppers 
worth of snuff and paid for them 37/5 Bay Old Tenor and he paid him H 
a pistereen that I owed him toward %£ oi Tea we had there the 24tli of 
last month and Susanna got 6 £ of brown shugar at John Bells on Credit 

8"^ I finished the table for Amoziah Polards wife and took it to Wards 
for her 

9"^ I Vendued David Scobeys place to Esqr Underwood for 2450 £ old 
Tenor and Lieut Daniel Moor piu'chased Esqr Underwoods Sale for a 
Johanna and I am to go tomorrow to Lieut Moors to do the Writings 

lO''^ I took 4 bushell of Rie to Lieut Moors Mill and writ the Deed from 
David Scobey to said Moor of his place and it was late when we had done 
and I tarried all night it Rained some 

11''^ I came home in the evening and brot the meal home with me 

12"! I went to Ezekiel Stevens and he paid me a Dollar and a half part 
of my service about Godfreys Estate and I went to the falls and got my 
nett that day at the falls from the spring and I left the pole in Hugh 
McCalleys chamber and the net I brot home 

13''^ I Husked corn the fore part of the day and the boys and I got in 
corn in the afternoon 

15*^ I Husked corn all day 

16"^ I took the acknowledgement of a Deed from Joseph Marston to 
Joseph Sanders unpd 

17"^ we brot in om- new land corn being the last we had two jaggs and 
about a half for our Oxen 

19"^ I went aud Run lines for Joseph Thomas at the lott he had from 
Loander in rained a good deal and wet us considerable and I took 1% 
bushell of New Indian corn to Daniel Moors Mill being the first we took 
to Mill this year and yesterday John got }( £ of tea and }i of peper and a 
pound of loaf Shugar and ^i a gallon of Rum and }4 a Gallon of Molasses 
from Meins and a Coppers worth of snuff for which he paid him a Dollar 
and he got lo a bushell of corn from Moses Yickery for my Runing lines 
for him the 13th of last August 



MATTHE^y patten's DIAIir. 255 

20th Was a Very great Storm of Rain and Hail the ^^^lld very high at 
northeast and workt backward to the North it Rained 24 hours 

23*1 I ^^Tit two deeds one from Joseph Thomas to John Mcintosh and one 
from Mcintosh to Tho'' and took the acknowledgements for which they 
paid me 3-11-2 And I lent janiey Patterson 2 bushell of Rie 

25"i the boys Diged 16 bushell of Potatoes being the first we diged to lay 
lip and I went to Lieut Moors Mill and got 4 bushell of Indian corn ground 

26"^ We all diged 30 bushell of potatoes 

27* We diged IT bushell of potatoes and John went to Meins and got % 
a Gallon of Rum and an ounce of Indigo and a pair of Shoe buckels for 
which he pd him 25/(5 Bay old Tenor 

29"^ I ^^Tit a Deed from John Lowder junr to Richard McAllester of the 
lott no 13 in the 8th Rang and a bond for the money and a Mortgage to 
Lowder of Richards place for security and Richard helped me to butcher our 
black cow she weighed 292 £ of beaf and 50 £ of hide and 10 £ of tallow 
Lowder paid me % ^ Dollar for his part of the pay and I gave a Deed of 
my Land in Goffestown on Piscataquog to Timothy Favoiir Esqr Abraham 
Dow and his bror Job for 2S0 Dollars they paid me 48 Dollars in Gold and 
silver at signing the deed they are to pay me 52 more in a month and a 
hundred in a year and 80 in two year the two last sums on Interest and 
the 52 on Interest if not paid in a month 

30*'^ a very cold day and high N : W : wind diged a few potatoes in the 
afternoon & I pd Mrs Heaper for her husbands work last faul 5-14-0 Bay 
old Tenor 

SI*"' last night froze extreamly hard Diged a few potatoes in the after- 
noon 

NOVEMBER 1st 

I went to Capt Karrs and had 3 new Shoes of my Iron and I had an old 
one and had them set the charge was 3-6-0 old Tenor and I paid it and 
all I owed him for smith work the whole came to 18-15-0 old Tenor 

2^^ I paid Thomas Wallace a pistereen for a peck of Onions we had from 
him some years ago and I paid him 2 pistereens for % a biishell of Onions 
that I am to get now 

4'^ I sent John to Meins and he got ]/i of Tea and a pound of tobacca and 
^o of gallon of Rum for which he paid 3 pistereens 

This week John Bell had my Cart to Mistake with a load of Potash 

7'^ I set out for Boston and had Mr Turrills Horse Cart arrived at Bil- 
lerica and lodged at Polards 

8"^ I arrived at Boston and lodged at Widow Cochranes 

9* Bot several articles and lodged at Mrs Cochranes a Rainey day 

10*'! Rainey untill 12 o Clock and then I set out came to Mistake and 
Wool and several other articles and came to Woburn Pi'ecinct and 
Lodged over the sabath at Mr Smiths the Retailers 

12"^ set out and traveled the Night following and arrived hom on tues- 
day morning a little after sun Rise on the 13th 

X4th J went to John Bell and got 6 £ of shugar and paid him 1-10-0 Bay 
old Tenor for it 

17"' John went to Meins and got % of Tea & half a Gallon of Molasses 



256 MATTHE^Y patten's diary. 

and paid 20/ Bay old Tenor for them and I went to Lieut Daniel Moors 
Mill and got 2 bushel of Rie and 2 bushel of Indian Corn Ground 

19"^ I went to Londonderry to Alexander McAlesters to Run lines for 
him 

20"* and 2P' and 22'^ was on the Affiar of his lines and came home in the 
Evening 

23<i Was a considerable Rain last night I went to Capt Karrs and got 
my plough Irons laid and 2 steples of yoke iron mended chains &c come 
to 6-10-0 old Tenor and I got two axes he new laid for me they were 7 £ 
old Tenor 

24"* I went with my Neighbors Ward and Chandler and Tho^ English 
and Run lines Ward and Chandler is to pay me }{ of a Dolar and English 
is to pay me J-4 of a Dolar 

25"* Robt Macmiu-phys John came to our house in the morning and in- 
formed us that my mother Macnmrphy Departed this life last night and 
we borrowed Col Goffes Chair and my wife and John set out for London- 
derry 

26*"* Susanna had her uncles Mare and went over to her grandmothers 
funeral and I put in two handles into the axes that Capt Karr laid for me 

27* I went at Robert Richardsons Desire and attended Col Goife and 
Capt Walker and laid out 25 acres to him on the right of Pumeroys heu-s 
in Goffestown for which Richardson is to pay me a Dollar 

28"* Alexander Gregg sent a son of Hugh Gregg to have me go to New 
boston to take some Depositions and I appointed to go on friday Next and 
gave him a Notification to james McFerson accordingly to meet to james 
Gregs at one o Clock and I coppyd off the plans of james Yoses two lotts 
where he lives 

29"* & 30* jamey and bob and I got wood I was disappointed of Going 
to New boston my horse did not come home from Derry and I could not 
borrow one 

DECEMBER FIRST 

I coppyed a number of liitts in Goffestown of the plan for Lieut Little 
and Esqr Dow came and paid me 33 Dollars in Gold and Silver towards his 
and his brors Job and Mr Favours Note that they gave me for fifty two Dol- 
lars on Demand and I lent 9 Dollars of it to james Vose and took his note 
on Demand for it with Intrest till paid 

3'i I went to Lieut Moors Mill with 2 bushell of Rie and 2 of Indian corn 
& and got them ground 

4"* we butchered our 2 Sows the one weighed 185 and the other 159 and 
I sent John to Meins and got ^4 £ of Tea and i.< Gallon of Molasses and X 
£ of peper and a Coppers worth of Great Pins for which he paid him 
1-16-10 Bay old Tenor 

5"* I went to Capt Karrs And I paid liim what I owed him on my Note 
being 2-18-8-3 and I paid him 13/9 for his laying 2 axes & other smith 
work the 23d ult and I overpaid him 23-10-5 old Tenor which I am to take 
out in smith work out of which he mended one of the Eye of my Cleavis 
and I got a bushell of corn from George Hadley -ivhich pd me all he owed 
me and a little over 



MATTHEW patter's DIAHY. 257 

6"* Was the General Thauksgiveiug and. I paid Mr George Tate 2-0-G Bay 
old Tenor being nir part for 3 scholars for a month schooling 

7"^ I paid John Clark for what Riini and Molasses Tody &c I had from 
Mary Riddle being 6-19-0 old Tenor 

gth I -^Yent Wards and Swore Capt Bradford and his wife to their admin- 
istration acct on her late husbands Estate and charged nothing And I 
went to Capt Barrons and he and Tho>* McLaughlin and I made the 2d 
Province rate and Mr Hepper worked yesterday and today for me and 
made a pair of Britches for me and a pair for janiey 

10^'^ I went to Lieut moors Mill and 2 bushell of Rie and 2 Corn and got 
it Ground and I paid INIa jor Goff e ^ o a Dollar for a bushell of Rie I had. 
from him the loth of last January as I Remember 

11"> I went to Matthew Littles to have him lay off to me the land I bot 
of Tuckermans for Tax and we agreed to do it tomorrow 

12"' it Snowed it fell about 3 or 4 inches deep 

13"' & 14"' I shod my sled and made a new Slat 

15"' I went to Daniel Moors Mill and got 3 bushell of Indian corn ground 
that I took from home 1 bushell of it was that I had from George Hadley 
the 6th Instant 

17"' it began to Snow in the morning but was but a little 

18"' I Hewed Rowler for a loging Sled and was hindered with company 
and James Person brot me an order of Coui't to take a survey in his case 
with James Gregg 

19"' went to Matthew Little to have him come and. lay off the land I bot 
of Tuckermans for Tax but he could not appoint a time 

20"' I fell a stick for a speer for a loging Sled 

21**' was a Rainey day 

22'' I finished a pair of Temples for Debli Haws for which she is to spin 
cotton and I went to Nathaniel Clark to get Patt Moor to come and spin at 
house on the Great wheel she agreed to come Next Wednesday Evening 
and I Avrit a Deed from William Perham junr to Rob' Richardson of half 
of Pomeroy heirs land in Goffestown and took the Acknowledgement for 
which Perham paid me two shillings la : Mo : and Rob' Richardson paid 
me a Dolla for my laying out sd land on the 27th ult 

26"' I brot home a stick for a spear to a loging Sled 

27"' I went after Patt Moor who did not come according to agreement 
she had got a fall and she agreed to come next Saterday 

28"' I measured off 20 acres of Meadow and Swamp for William McClen- 
tock in the meadow below his house to Abraham Merrill and others for 
which McClintock paid me a Dollar and I paid him 11/ Hampshire old 
Tenor for i^ a pint of Rum 

29"' I hewed some at a loging Sled Speer 

3P' I went to David Burns in Amherst to try to get Martha to Spin but 
could not and came home by Tlic" Wallaces and tryed for some of his 
Daughters but could not and John Got my horse shoes fitted at Capt 
KaiTs 

17 



258 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 



JANUARY FIRST 1771 

I weut to Loderry with Joseph Scobey ou his business concerning his 
adniinion on Kelsos Estate but the parties did not meet us according to 
appointment 

2^ Came home I bot a broth jiott that weighed 53 £ And a Tea Kittle 
from John Pinkerton for which I paid him 14/8 La : Mo : the pott was 8/8 
and the Tea Kettle 6/ and yesterday I had a Shoe sett on my horses near 
fore foot by Ayers and paid him 3 coppers I had no more change 

S'^ I went to Wylies to see to get one of the Girls to spin on the Great 
wheel she promised to come next monday 

4*'^ I paid 2 pistereens to Samuell Moor to pay his bror Capt Moor for a 
Gallon of Rum I had from his wife the loth of last Augt and I paid him 
10/ Bay old Tenor for an old Axe I had from this day and I went and Run 
lines at the 3d Division no 54 for james Moor junr of Mcrrymac but did 
not finish 

5"' I finished Runing the lines of lott I was at yesterday and writ a 
deed from the heu's to theu* Uncle Lieut Moor and another from him to 
Rob* Alexander I Reed no pay as yet for my service and I paid Meins 
6-6-0 Bay old Tenor for 6 bushell of Indian corn which I have to Receive 

7"^ John thrashed above a bushell of Rie and we cleaned it made with 
what we had cutt before about 2 bushell and we got out 4 bushell of In- 
dian corn of our own 

gth I went to Capt Karrs and got a new Axe and one they had laid John 
took the old axe there the 31st ult & jenny Wylie and Betty Vickere came 
to our house to Spin Wool 

9"^ I went to Merrymac and got 2 bushell of corn from Rob' Gillmoor 
on Meins acct and 2 more from Magaw on his acct made 4 of the 6 I bot 
the 5th Instant and I came to Widow Moors and took the acknowledge- 
ment of the Deed that Deacon Moors Heirs gave to their uncle Lieut John 
Moor and I got the 4 bushell of corn I had from Meins Ground at Lieut 
Moors Mill & I paid McGall 4 Dollars for corn which I have to Receive 

10*'^ I Run the dividing lines of Scobeys place between him and Lieut 
Moor and I got a biishell of wheat from Scobey and one from his son 
David toward the service I have done for them and Mr Ward brot us a 
loaf of sliugar from Boston of 10 £ weight a 7/ pr £ Bay old Tenor I sent 
8-5-0 Bay old Tenor with him and he Returned 2 Dollars in change 

11th J "wrent and run the lines at the meadow lott no 27 for james Wylie 
and the line between his place and Robert Gifiins charged 6/ unpd 

12* I weut with Capt Barron and viewed the Bridge over Piscataquog 
River to see if we would accept it and I took the acknowledgement of the 
Deed from Lieut John Moor to Robert Alexander and Alexander paid me 
half a Dollar toward my Runing the lines of the 3d Division no 54 last 
week 

14"i I with John and james measm-ed off S^o Acres of the west end of 
the lott no 3 in the 11th Rang that I bot at Vendue to pay the Tax I 
charged 9/s La : Mo : for myself and boys the charge before the laying out 
was 15-19-6 O T I bot it at 3 £ pr acre which came to 5I3 and the laying 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 259 

out made 8} 3 and the collector charged as much as made it 8}-^ acres in 
the whole 

15"' I Run lines in the ash swamp for Capt Barron Tho* Murdough and 
John Gillmor the Capt is to pay 2/6 and Murdough and Gillmor is to pay 
3/6 

16"' I "SYrit a deed from W" White Junr of some land in Newboston to 
David Scobey and took the acknowledgement for which White paid me 
2/ lawful money and went to Capt Karrs for smith work and I tarried 
there over Night 

17th J got an ax that he upsett and Shutt the Eye and a beal for our great 
pot and a bit for boreing spools 

18*^ I went to Joseph Batchelders and got two bushell of Salt of Capt 
Karrs from him that lay there by a ^^Titteu order I owe Capt Karr for it 

19"' I went to Meins and I got ^o £ of Tea and 2 £ of Shvigar from Me- 
ga w for which I paid him 31/6 Bay old Tenor and I got 31^ bushell of 
corn from him toward what money I had given him and Meins 

2pt I went to Meins and Magaw gave me an order on John Parker for 4 
bushells of Rie and I went and got it and I paid Doctr Parker for 1,^ ounce 
of herispickery 15/ old Tenor that jas Martain brot me last Summer and I 
came back and paid Magaw 5 £ Bay old Tenor for the Rie I got at Parkers 
on the order he gave me and I had a pound of tobacca and }4 ounce of snuff 
from him for which I paid him 6/3 bay old Tenor and in the Evening I 
paid John Kidder a Dollar for all the ferriage I have had since he has at- 
tended it being two year and better and 20/'^ old Ten"^ of it was the ferri- 
age of the Selectmen and Witnesses when Merril Cited the Selectmen to 
court about a highway to his ferry in the year 1769 and comeing home I 
settled with Lieut Caldwell for a Stack of hay he had from me two year 
ago or more he charged me for 3 Gallon of Molasses 36/ and 3 bushell of 
potatoes 27/ Bay old Ten' and he had paid me two dollars in money and 
there was 24/ bay old Tenor due to me and he paid it to me and I forgot 4 
hundred of hay he had from me before he had the Stack of me which was 
not Reckoned 

22^1 I went to Litchfield and had 1 bushell of Rie from McGall and 3 
from Jonathan Stevens at John Parkers and I paid McGall for the whole 4 
bushell and I got 3 yds of wire for my brors Betty she sent 2 Coppers and 
I laid out the Rest and a Dozn of Needles for which I paid 4 Coppers and 
I paid Grany Moor half a Dollar for her Service as a Midwife when our 
Sarah was born last Septr 

23<i 24"' & 25"' I with my bror Sani'i & SamU Vose for the Proprs of this 
town and Capt Barron and Capt Bradford for Amherst Pi'oprs Preambii- 
lated and Established the line between the proprietors and Writ and 
Signed a Settlement to each other of the same to be put on each Pi-oprs 
book Respectively my Expences on said Service was 9/'10 Bay old Tenor 
the first night I lodged at Mr Howards and the second night I lodged at 
Capt Allds all at free cost my charge for said 3 Days for time and ex- 
pences is one pound seven shillings lawfull money 

26"' jenny Wylie and Betty Yickere went home from spining and I paid 
each of them a Dollar for what they have helped me 



260 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

28*'^ I writ a Deed from Lieut Daniel Moor to Alex'^ janiison and gave 
Col Goffe a Summons for Witnesses in Lieut Halls case and the town of 
Derryfield and a Notification to Hall to hear the Evidences Next Thm-sday 
at Col : Goffes at one o Clock afternoon and I went to New^ boston to Sur- 
vey on James Ferson and Alex"" Greggs controversie and lodged at Deacon 
Chandlers 

29 and 30*'> on the business but did not finish by Reason that it snowed 
and came home but agreed to go back next Monday if the snow and 
weather will permitt 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM JANRY 3rd 1771 

31^t I attended at Col : Goffes and took several Depositions for the town 
of Derryfield against Lieut Hall unpaid my charge is 6/ LawfuU money 

FEBRUARY 

2^ I mended at my shoes and got a Gallon of Molasses from Capt Wal- 
ker for which I am to Measure and Run off his son Silass laud in Goffes- 
town 

4*'^ I sett out for New boston to finish the survey for james Ferson and 
Alex'^ Gregg and on my way there I Measured and Run off Silas Walkers 
laud and Capt Walker attended the same and I went to james Fersons 
and lodged there 

o*^'^ Run lines on the former affau- of Fersons & Gregg and I lodged at 
Fersons and Exceeding cold hay 

6*'' Run lines on the same affair very cold but not so Extream as yester- 
day and I lodged at Hugh Greggs 

"7^^ was a Suowj day and I came to james Fersons and drawed the plan 
of my Survey for them and lodged at Fersons 

8"' I came home and james Ferson before I left his house paid me four 
Dollars towards my pay I charged Six Dollars and I promised to forgive 
one Dollar if they made up their affair without going to court 

9*'^ was a very snowey day and toward the end of it it Rained and the 
wind got to the South and blowed hard and old John McLaughlin was 
buried he died yesterday and I butchered our old Ram he weighed 43 £ 

10"^ Sabathday a pleasant day and a considerable hard crust on the 
snow the wind Exceeding high at N : W : 

j^lth I -went to Meins and I hot 7 £ of Rice a 10/6 and 2I2 Quarts of Rum 
a 11/2 and an Ounce of pins a 3/ and two Gimbletts a 4/2 and i^' oz of 
Snuff a 1/3 and Discounted out of the money I had gave him for corn I 
gave him 4 Dollars and I got 1>^ bushell of corn a 21/s pr bushell and I 
Reed the change of the 4 Dollars being 5-19-5 all Bay old Tenor 

12"^ was a Snowy fore part of the day and then it Rained a smart Rain 
and I soled bobs shoes and fitted the heels 

13t'» the wind high at N: W: and very cold and we broke a path and got 
home a little wood 

14»i and 15"' I went with Lieiit John Moor to his Sister in laws and ^^Tit 
2 Deeds one of Deacon james Moors whole Estate to David McCleary junr 
and a Deed of Davids place to james Moor and several other papers and I 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 261 

charged a Dollar jamey paid me Kj of it and David is to pay me the other 
lo a Dollar and I got }.< £ of Tea and 2 £ of shugar and ^o oimce of Smifif 
& with au Almanack that John Got this winter came altogether to 1-14-7 
bay old Tenor from McGall which I paid 

16"' I went to Francis Barnetts and his wife gave me some honey for to 
use as a medicine for the cold for my wife 

17"' Sabath day was a Snowy day it fell several inches deep 

18"' I went to Math^''' Littles and with him and Lieut Moor to Ai-bitrate 
between John McLaughlin and Rob* Giffen but covild not finish for want 
of John McLaughlins Administration acct on Taggarts estate charged 4/ 
and I writ a Deed from George Hadley to jese Wright and took the ac- 
knowledgement for which josiah Wood paid me 2/ 

19"' I went to Meius and I got one Gallon of Molasses one ounce of pins 
lo ounce of Nutmeg and }4 ounce of snuff & one gallon of N: E: Rum for 
which I paid him 0-4-4-2 La Mo and I paid the 12 bushell of Indian corn I 
agreed for from Rob"^ Alxi- to his wife being six Dollars and I left our own 
three bags and three bags I borrowed from my bror Sam^'-* wife to Receive 
the corn in and Lieut Moors team is to carrie it to his mill from there 

20"' I went and Run a line of a piece of land that Will'" Nutt bot of 
Major Goffe in Derryfield and writ the Deed and took the acknowledge- 
ment and Some other Writings and charged 4/ Lawful Goffe paid me 2/ 
and Nutt promised to me the other 2/ 

2P' I put a handle into an Ax that Capt Karr laid for me this Winter 
and was a very cold day 

22'! I attended at Col Goffes pr his desire with my bro & Majr Goffe and 
made out a list of assessment and a list of how much money was pd 
and Writ 2 advertisements for a Meeting to be held the eighth of March 
next at ten o Clock forenoon 

23*^ Alex'' Gregg brot us 2 £ of sniiff one quarter and half of white Silk 
Catgut came to 33/9 bay old Tenor for which I gave him a Dollar the 7th 
Instant at w^hich time I got a penknife from him the knife was 7/ bay old 
Tenor and he Returned me 4/2 being the change of the Dollar and I went 
to Lieut Moors for the 12 bushell of Corn that he brot from Alexanders for 
me but the mill was out of order and I got but 2 bushell of it ground and 
came and 2 bushell of salt from John Bell for the journey of my Cart last 
November or Oct"^ to Mistake vnth his pot ash 

25"' Mr Hepper came to make a suit of Fustiu for me and I got ^4 J^ 
and Nale of two cloth from him and and three sticks of twist and I went to 
McGaws and got one Gallon of Molasses l-^ Gallon of Rum and two Dozen 
of Coat buttons and a quire of Writing paper for which I pd him 2-12-0 
bay old Tenor 

26"' I went to Newboston to take Depositions for Alex'' Gregg in his and 
James Farsons case & lodged at Deacon Cochraues with a great Rain 

27"' I Got Rob* McFarland to go and Notifie Gregg that I was Come and 
I took 4 Depositions and lodged at Deacons Cochraues again snowed about 
3 inches 

28"' I came home had Exceeding bad Travelling both up and down but 
Especially down I charged 12V Lawful unpaid 



262 MATTHEW patten's DIART. 

MARCH 

I spent the day in new drawing the plan of james Fersons Alexander 
Greggs controversie and in the Evening I went and see my neighbour 
Ward who is about nioveing away next week and my brors Betty paid me 
16/ bay old Tenor being the Remainder of the sleeve bottons she had from 
me last faull 

2^1 I went as far as Deacon Boies to get word to Tho'' Boies to come next 
Monday to Tho^ McLaughlins to settle on his Constableship and went to 
james Wallace at his place to get word to Mr Houston to come and get his 
order for his sallery for the year 1770 

3'^ I Reed a Dollar from Alex' Gregg to help bear my expenses to Ports- 
mouth as an Evidence in his case and james Fersons 

4"i Capt Barron and I met at Tho^ McLaughlins and we Reed 6-9-11-1 
La: Mo: from james Caldwell of his collection of rates and 1-2-4-3 from 
Tho* Boies of his Collection of Rates and I got the money to buy Weights 
and Measiu-es and a new town book and we Examined Tho*' Boies on his 
constableship and there Remains due of his Lists 9-13-0-0 and we gave 
Mr Houston an order for 49-2-2-3 which with two pistereens he Reed from 
Thomas Boies more than his order on liim made his salary for the year 
1770 and gave some other orders and Drawed the March meeting War- 
rant and Sam'i Vose was there and we gave it to him 

6"^ I set out for Portsmouth to Return the Plan of james Fersons And 
Alexander Greggs Dispute and lodged at Towles 

7"' I arrived at Portsmouth about two of the clock in the Sessions put 
up my horse at Dwyers I lodged at Moses Nobles 

8"^ I sit in the Sessions 

9^'^ james Ferson gave up the case the court allowed me 8 Dollars for my 
journey horse and Expenses this day in the afternoon I bot a set of Weights 
and Measures from Noah Parker for whicli I paid him 4-15-0 Lawful 
Money as pr his Rect to be Delivered at Exeter by the 10th of next may 
and I bot a New town book from Mr Appleton for which I pd him 12/ La: 
Mo: and a Set of Money Weights and Scales from sd Appleton for which I 
paid him 6/ La: Mo: and Gregg pd me 3i'2 Dollars mth the Dollar he pd 
me y"^ 3d Instant made my pay for my takeing Depositions 

10*1^ Sabath day a great N: E: Storm of Rain 

11*'^ the Storm continued the same point very hard 

12'^^ the storm not quite so hard but the wind still high the same point 
and I Reed 8/ for my two days sitting in the sessions and I bot a horn 
comb and an Ivory comb from Mr McMasters and pd 12/2 bay old Tenor 
for them 

13"^ the storm more abated and I set out after Dinner and arrived at 
Stratham and lodged at Mi-s Chases 

14'^^ arrived at Rob* McMurphys and lodged there 

15"^ Arrived home after a tedious joui-ney of Storm and Extream bad 
traviling 

16"^ I did nothing but Examin my acct of Expences and Disbursements 
and some Receivings 



MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 263 

IS"' joliii "weut to Londonderry and sot IQio Gallons of Molasses from 
Pinkertons and 2io Quarts of Rum for which he paid 19/6 Lawful Money 
and he went and Lodged at his uncle Rob'* 

19"' his uncle Rob' sent two boar pigs to us and he came home and brot 
the MoUasses and Rum with him and I went to McGalls and bot % £ of 
Ginger and 14 £ of Rice for which I paid him 24/1 bay old Tenor 

20"' my bror had my oxen to help him draw down two oak logs from 
his house to the mill and I went down and he took in four of his that lay 
at the Mill and We took in one oak and seven pine logs of mine onto the 
ways 

23'^ I finished Entering and Examining the town aifairs of the year 1770 
in the New to^\ai book yesterday I writ a deed from janies Caldwell of this 
to^^^l to Math^' Caldwells Deed children of his place in New boston and 
today he sent David Briant for it and sent us a present of two £ of butter 
or more and I charged nothing for the Deed and John cleaned up 8 bushell 
of Rie and got two sow pigs from my bror Sam'' yesterday 

25"' 1 paid Gan Riddell my bridge Rate being seven shillings and three 
pence three farthings Lawful Money and I weut and bolted 2 loggs at the 
Mill 

26"' I had Martains and Thomas McLaughlins oxen and William Mc- 
Laughlin and we fh-awed in 18 pine logs onto the ways at the mill and I 
went to Capt Barrous and McLaughlin and I got one order on Tho* Boies 
for 1-17-4 La: Mo: and another on Samuell Vose for 1-10-0 and Capt Bar- 
ron Reed an order on Tho'* Boies of 14/ and another on Sam'' Vose of 13/ 
and McLaughlin Received one on Sam" Vose of 13/ 

27"' was our Anmial Meeting and I was chose second Selectman and 
Town Clerk and Sealer of Weights and Measures And they voted Mr 
Houston away sixteen Sabathday the Ensueing year 

28"' I went Among Some of the Inhabitants to have them attend the 
adjournment of the March Meeting next Monday and I brot hom two 
bushell of Indian Meal from Lieut Dan" INIoors being the last of the 12 
bushell of Corn I had from Alexander and John Cleaned up 10 bushell of 
Rie 

29"' I new drawed a Supjilieation for a proprietors Meeting and two 
Notifications for a meeting to be held at the Meeting house on the loth of 
April next 

30"' I carried an order that Daniel McKinney of Curries bush gave of 
'1% Dollars on Dauiell Quigg the 25th of Febr 1767 to Jacob McQueads to 
give to George Orr to take it to McKinney to try to get the money but Orr 
was not at home and I left it witli Jacob McQuead to give to George Orr 
when he came home and I cleaned up 5 bushell of Rie in the afternoon 

APRIL FIRST 

in the forenoon I drawed at frameing the Articles among the partners of 
the forge and in the afternoon was the adjournment of our March Meet- 
ing which I attended and I paid Gan Riddell 18/ Bay old Tenor for a Gal- 
lon of Molasses had 2 or 3 years ago 

2'' I ^^Tit 2 deeds for Hiigli Gregg of Newboston one for his son james 



264 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

and the other for his son Alexander and charged nothing and in. the after- 
noon I Recorded the March meeting Wart and part of the Votes and John 
cleaned np 8 biishell of Rie 

3*^ I finished Recording and Examining the March meeting Wart and 
Votes and I went down to Martains and got him to sharp the point of my 
two iron Wedges 

4"^ I went to Litchfield and got % bushell of flaxseed and % a bnshell 
of peas from John Quig and he would not take pay for them untill after- 
wards and I paid 6 coppers of ferriage at Reeds and I got 2 £ of shugar 
at And y^ a gallon of Rum from McGall for which I pd him 177 Bay old 
Tenor 

5"^ I allmost finished the Writings Relateing the forge I writ all day at 
them untill little before night 

6*'^ I finished the forge Writings and charged a Dollar unpaid and the 
boys finished thrashing our Rie 

7"^ the boys cleaned up 8 bushell of Rie being the last and in the after- 
noon they picked some Cranburys and I morticed two of Sarah Pattens 
Table leggs and I turned them we have the old meal chest full and the 
long box on the back side of the chamber full Exceept about a bushell 
I suppos we have now about 37 bushell of Rie by us 

8«> I workt at the Table 

IC^ I finished the Table and I mended a Coffie Mill of Sam'' Voses and 
^ve began to plow between the house and the new Log fence and by the 
new Cellar and Well and I went to McGalls and got 21 £ of Rice i.t £ of 
Tea and 2 £ of Shugar for which I paid him 3-3-6 bay old Tenor 

ll"i & 12"' I took all the Invoice of my half of the town exceept 3 mens 

13"' Oapt Walker came and Gelded a large boar and two boar pigs for 
me and in the forenoon I workt at Makeing money of the Invoice and I 
got Martain to make a new link for the Chain of my Iron and shut two 
other links 

15"' I went to Capt Barrons and he agreed to change a bushell of Peas 
for Rie he brot them to me and I let him have two bushell of Rie and in 
the afternoon I went to a proprs Meeting of this town and I was chose 
with Capt Barron and james Vose a Commitee for leasing out the School 
lotts 

16"' Capt Barron james Vose and I went and I Run the north side the 
East end and south side of the school lotts and in the Evening we met at 
John Bells and Jacob McQuead and Hugh and John Orr to lett out the 
school lotts but coiild not agree my expeuces at Bells was 4/ Bay O : T : 
and I paid 4/ Bay O : T : for james Vose there and I bot a Codfish from 
John Bell that weighd 3 £ and 10 ozs for which I paid him 5/10 Bay O : T : 

17"' I went and See Col Goft'e who was come home from Court to hear 
news aboiit our County att'airs 

18"' WAS THE GENERAL FAST THROUGHOUT THE PROV- 
INCE and our Mottle Cow Calved a bull Calf 

19"' I sowed about a bushell of peas and I writ a deed from John Clark 
to Ann Kennedy and I took the acknowledgement and charged 2/ Ann is 
to pay 1/ to her bror W'" for me for the acknowldgement and Clark owes 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 265 

iiie 1/ for the ^\Titillg the Deed whicli he promised, to pay and I went to 
Lieut Daniel Moors Mill and took 2 bushell of Rie and Po biishell of 
Indian corn and got it ground and I had the Toal 

30"' I worked at niakeing a new pair of Sighters for my Compass last 
night it snowed and this morning it was an inch or two deep it sleeted & 
rained together a little all day but did not consume 

21^' the snow melted away 

22^1 I finished makeing the Sighters for my Compass in the morning and 
Tho'* Newman put a peice of a Strap to John McLaughlins Spade and I got 
ig a bushell of Barley from Capt Barron to sow it was not well cleaned 

23<^ I sowed the Barley I had of Capt Barron yesterday and John plowed 
it in and then Harrowed it and the peas over 

24"' I Run lines for David Moor and james Gillmor about the lott No 
74 for David Moor and about Gillmors lotts in the 2d teire for Gillmor 
I Charged a Dollar unpaid our Bossey heifer Calved a Cow Calf last night 

25"' I went to james Caldwells and Did some writing for him and I 
went to Rob' Morrials and Vendued his place and his sons and then ' I 
Vendued several articles for Rob' Morrial and broke up Near three 

Clock in the morning I charged G/ La : Mo : 

26"' I went to Rob' Alexanders and I got 10 £ of pork from him for 
which I paid him a Dollar and I got 3 £ of shugar and 14. ^ of Tea and 
>^ £ of Ginger from Meins for which I paid him 1:17:6 Bay old Tenor 

27"' I wi'it a Deed for George Cowen from all Chandlers heirs exceept 
Zechariah for which he paid me 1/ La : Mo : and I went to Old Curriers 
and Avrit a bill of Sale and took the acknowledgement for which his son 

Sam^i me 2/ Lawfull and I did some writing for jonath Currier for 

which he promised to pay me 1 £ La : Mo : 

29"' I -writ a Deed for Lieut Little which he promised to pay me and I 
went to Lieut Daniel Moors and I took 1 ^o bushell of wheat and 2 bushell 
of Rie to his mill and got it ground and I went with him to Scobys and 
Run several of the lines and fixed the boimds of what he had from David 
Scobey and I did some ■s\Titings for Mrs Hepper and Mr Kindrick brot us 
the preceipt for a Representative for Amherst & Bedford 

30"' I drawed a Wart for a meeting to be held at Amherst May 16th to 
Elect a Representative for Amherst and Bedford and Capt Barron and 
John Aiken came to my house and we drawed the warrants for the Sur- 
veyors of highways and in the afternoon we went to Deacon Boies to 
apprize the damages that John Wallace does him by flowing his Grass 
ground and to lay out the highway north of Wallaces but he would not 
leave off his Sawing to go with us and therefore we did not do it and 

1 took the acknowledgement of two deeds one for David McCleary which 
he paid and the other for Samuell Terrill Senior unpaid 

MAY FIRST 

I -WTit a Deed from William Godfrey to james McGregore and I took the 
acknowledgement and charged 3£ old Tenor and he Godfrey paid me 
2-15-0 and 5/ old Tenor Remains and I ^\Tit a Deed from Col : Gott'e to 
Ezekial Stevens 



2(36 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

2^^ Cezar barroii help me and we laid the bottom logs of our new fence 
and I sent David to johu Bell and got a qiTart of Rnm on Credit 

4"^ I soled Johns pums and Bob lielped Zech : Chandler with our oxen 
to plow some land for to Sow flaxseed on for Susanna 

Cyth ]y[y )3i-ors Samiiell helped me to lay up at the new log fence and I 
got a quart of Rum from John Bell and I pd him for it and the quart 
I had the 2d Instant 34 o^ ^ Dollar 

7"^ I plowed for planting 

S"^ I plowed and I let Matthew Little have 2 hundred of hay 

9*'^ I had one pair- of my brors oxen from about 10 of the Clock till night 
to plow and I finished all but a land of five paces wide 

10"^ I and Bob went with the oxen and Harrowed the ground that she 
has of Zech : Chandler to sow her flax seed on 

11 til ^e biitchered oiu- pig that we have been fatting this month or two 
he weighed 140 pound 

13*'^ I plowed the Ground for susanuas flax seed and sowed it I sowed 
about 9 or ten quarts of seed and Bargained with Tho** Hall for his Right 
in the new setting place for 28 : 10 : old Tenor he owed me 25 : 12 : 8 on 
book which he allowed and I pd him ig Dollar in money and almost a 
penny La : Mo : over and Jas Ferson pd me 10 Dollars being what he owed 
me for my service in his case and Alexander Greggs & I gave him two 

14"^ I took his Quit Claim of his Share in the Setting Place and Haws 
sent us two pound of snuff that he brot from Boston I sent 1-2-8 Bay old 
Tenor with him for it the tenth Instant and Tho^ Newman Mended the 
Tang of my Dung fork and I began to furrow for planting corn 

15"^ I finished furrowing there was a considerable Rain today 

16"' I with Divers of this towns people went to Amherst and I in con- 
junction with them chose Col : Goft'e for our Representative I was chose 
Moderator and I hot 4 Musquash skins from my bror Sam^' for six pence 
La : Mo : and I pd him a Dollar and he gave me no change my Expences 
that I paid was 11 V Bay old Tenor Col: Gofife treated bountyf uly and I 
came home in the night in company with my bror 

17th I -writ a letter to the Governor and Another to Isaac Rindge Esqr 
and Recorded the Warrant for the choice of a Representative and the 
Voters in the aftnoou Droped corn 

18*'' I went to Col : Lutw^ches and got an order from widow Parker of 
three Dollars to have for my services as siu'veyor in laying off her thirds 
and he Endorsed it on my Note to him the Remainder of the Note is to 
ly untill I Receive my Averidge out of Capt Parkers Estate And I came 
to McGalls and I bot 10 £ of Cotton and ^o Dr of Tea and }i of peper and 
4 of Shugar for which I paid him 8-2-7 Bay old Tenor but I pd him 6^ 
bay old Tenor over in a Mistake they came to 7-16-7 Bay old Ten'^ and 
the boys finished planting corn above the barn 

20"^ I went to Col : Goflfes with two letters one for the Governor and 
the other for Isaac Rindge Esqr and fitted for going to fish at Amoskieg 

21*t I had one pair of my Brors oxen and the boys plowed for Cow yards 
and I went to the falls and fished on the Island on Sam" Richards Right 
& I got Six shad being the first I went to the falls this year 



MATTHEW TATTEN's DIARY. 267 

22<i I got 9,^:4 £ of Iron from Newman and Martaiu made two Hook bolts 
for our fishing place between the Pulpit and Snllivans point and charged 
a shilling LA : MO : for makeing them 

23'i 24"^ & 25"^ I fished at the Falls 

27"^ 28 & 29t'i John and I fished at the falls 

30'!^ I went A^^th Major Gofte to job Dows in Goffestown and took 3 
Depositions for him in his sons case with Sarah Marsh the charge unsettled 
and came from there a little before night to Tho^ Sherleys and took some 
Depositions for Alexander Gillcrist and Daniel McFarland and lodged at 
Gillcrists over night 

31*'* took more Depositions for Gillcrist and McFarland I took 7 for 
Gillcrist and 5 for McFarland the charge unsettled and came by Samuell 
Kennedys and got a Rakoon skin that I bot from jos: Kennedy yesterday 
for which I paid him -1-5-0 Bay old Tenor / 

JUNE FIRST 

What fish John and I have got from the falls this fish time is 124 or 12(> 
and about 20 £ of Salmon and I went to the falls with Sam" Richards and 
Thomas Miller set a Salmon pot on oiu* setting place 

S'^ I got 10 shad and a 20 £ Salmon for my part of what fish was in the 
pot we set on Saterday and John and I fished at the falls and we paid 
Hacket 14 shad I owed him and we sent hom 45 and half of a small sal- 
mon 

4 and 5"^ I and John fished at the fall and got 4 Shad and 17£ of Salmon 
these two days and came home in the Evening 

6'^ jos: Farmer came in the morning and brot us an acct of Capt: Bar- 
rons Death and I went & Farmer and I made the Coffin and John got 5 
shad of yesterdays divide that he did not get till today makes 90 shad 
this week 

7'^^ I attended the funeral of Capt Barron and I was one of the Under 
bearers 

gtii I went to Means and got 4 £ of Shugar and 6 yards of tape for which 
I paid 17/3 Bay old Tenor and I drawed a Wart for a town Meeting to be 
held the 24th Instant to chuse a Selectman in the Room of Capt Barron 
Dec*! and I got 447 Cabage plants from jos: Farmer and Tho«: Miller and 
John took the Setting place last night and John got home 9 shad and 8 £ 
Salmon and he sold a 20 £ of Salmon 

IQth I got 2 shad by fishing and 12 Ells and I got 6 shad and K^ of a 20 £ 
Salmon out of the pot and I fished Ells the night following and I got 44 
tow of which Hannah McAllen u.sed by order and the boys began to Weed 
the corn 

12"^ I fished at the Setting place on Johns Right and I Got 49 £ of Sal- 
mon 1 shad and 3 Ells and Isold 11 J4^ £of Salmon and I watched the Night 
following and I got 17 Ells for my Divide and about a 10 £ Salmon and 1 
shad on the Watch and I got 5 shad from the company for a quart of Rum 
that we had that I pd and 4 Ells for a pint that I pd to Drink in the night 
and I gave Col: Goft'e }o of a 10 £ Salmon and a Shad and he gave us a 
Glass bottle full of Rum 



268 MATTHEW patten's DIAHY. 

14th I -^vent to Lieut Patees to John Dow to Measure off job Dows laud 
and tarried over iiight at John Dows Desire to try to Settle between him 
and his sons Abra'" and job about their joining their mill Dam to to his 
land and accomplished it in the Evening and next morning 

15"^ I took the acknowledgement of a Deed for David Currier unpaid 
and I came home and John Dow paid me a Dollar for my time and pains 
■v^ath him 

17"' Tho" Newman Made 20 horse nails for me I sett the fore shoes on 
my horse myself and John fished at the setting place and the other boys 
finished hoeing the potatoes and Col: Goffe swore me to my Acct: Against 
James Gordons Estate 

16"' I mended my pumps and I sent Bob to Lieut Daniel Moors mill^^i.th 
2 bushell of Rie and one of Indian but got no meal it Rained some the af- 
ternoon and he got some Cabage and french turnips from Lieut Moor and 
James and niy brors John got a considerable number of Cabage and french 
Turnip plants from Francis Barnett and Samuell A'ose 

19"' I writ a conveyance of the privilege of a highway from W'" Heiu-y 
to Hugh Ramsey and took the acknowledgement and took the aclaiowl- 
edgement of two deeds one from Ramsey to Henry and another from 
Henry to Ramsey for which I charged 4/ Lawful unpaid Ramsey promised 
to pay the whole and I went to Means and got 2 £ of loaf Shugar and a 
Quire of wi'iting paper for which I pd him 3 pistereens and I came to Lieut 
Moors and got the meal home of the Grain Bob took there yesterday and 
I had the Toal 

20"' I writ a Deed from Fergiis Kennedy to Nath" Patterson of the lott 
No 19 in the 8th Rang for which Kennedy paid me 1/ La: Mo: and I took 
the acknowledgement for Patterson charged 1/ La: Mo: unpaid and I sett 
out for Dunstable and I lodged at Capt Colburns 

21"' I settled my acct with Ovid Houston on Mr Gordons Estate which 
was 10-2-6 Bay old Tenor for my going to Monson in May 1770 preambulate 
the bounds of his land there I sent for an iron Squar and a pound of hard 
soap came to 1-5-6 and I got a Hat at 4-15-0 and a £ of Tea at 2 £ and 3 £ 
and three ozs of English steel at 14/2 and Reed 1-7-10 in cash made up my 
wholl Demand and I came home by Hollis and settled my note against 
Eben'^ Farley and the cost of sueing and took a New Note for the whole 
being 2-10-2 La: Mo: and I came to Mr Fisks and paid him a Dollar which 
was 5/ Bay old Tenor more than I owed him for all he has Taned and 
Curried for me and there is two Calves both good ones that he had from 
me that I have had nothing for yet and I came home my Expences 18/3 
Bay old Tenor 

23'i I went to Derryfield Meeting hoiise and heard Mr Ward of Plymouth 
preach 

24"' Was a town meeting to chuse a Selectman in the Room of Capt 
Barron Deed and ^ve chose Deacon Walker a Selectman in his Room and 
this was the day of the adjournment of the Proprs meeting of this town 
and Capt Barron who was the Moderator being Deed we thot it best to let 
the meeting Die and at some convenient time call a new meeting and in 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 269 

the evening I writ 3 advertisements for W'" Barnett for the sale of Sam" 
Tiirrills Oxen at John Bells the 3d of July next at 2 o Clock afternoon 

25'h I went and got Capt Invoice that he had taken and I took 3 £ and 
7 oiincs of Steel to Newman to put on the plow irons he is to make for me 
and I went to the falls and put 3 fishing poles two of them, had bows ou 
into Hugh McColleys chamber and I brot bow and pole and net home and 
a pole without 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM JUNE 25 1771 

26"' I went and fished at the Setting place and got 15 £ of Salmon and I 
got one shad and t^vo Ells tovrard a pint of Rum we had that I paid for to 
James Russ I fished in company ^vith W"' Karr and Pope Tho"* james And 
I writ 4 advertisements for james Moor of Merrymac for tlie sale of his 
place that he had from his brother in Law David McCleary to be sold on 
the 18th of July next unpaid 

27"' I went and took all the Invoice that Capt Barron left untaken of his 
half of the town and finished exceept three and Exceeding Sultery hot day 

28'^ I went to Matthew Littles and he signed the Deed to Nathanial 
Clark of the land I bot for Tax of Tuckernians and I took the acknowl- 
edgement and I took my brothers Invoice 

29"^ I gave Nath" Clark the Deed of the laud I bot for tax of Tucker- 
mans and I took his note for 26^ Dollars for it and I with the other select- 
men bound out james and David Hanrick to W'" Caldwell and Joseph 
Wallace 

JULY FIRST 

I paid Lydia Hepper a Dollar toward what I owe her husband and I 
went and Run lines for David McCleary of Merrymac and charged half a 
Dollar unjod and he paid me haK a Dollar for his part of the ■writing about 
his father in laws Estate and I came by McGaws and got 4 £ of Shugar 
for which I paid him 16/ Bay old Tenor 

2"^ I writ a Deed from W" Godfrey to james McGregore I charged 2/ 
LaAvfull uupd and I went in the afternoon to Col: Goffes and Writ several 
Depositions for Ceazar Barron on acct of what his Master said ou his Death 
bed concerning his freedom and Col: Goffe and I took them in perpetuam 
and Ceazar mentioned he would pay me for my trouble and I took the ac- 
knowledgement of a Deed from Col: Gofi'e to Ezek^ Stevens unpd 

3<i I with the other selectmen went out on New Boston Road and Altered 
Several places in it & made a New Division of it and I took Samuell Mor- 
risons Invoice and I cut a W^alniit Stick for Rake bows 

4 & 5"' I did no great I shaved some Staves for a tub and pails and 
Sunned Rie and took 2 bushell of Rie and 2 Indian corn to Lieut Daniel 
Moors Mill 

6"' I Divided the boards witli Goffe that he sawed forme this last spring 
I have 211 boards in No and I gave Daniell McFarland Notification to 
Tho" English to hear some Evidences swore at Capt Karrs on the 13th In- 
stant at two of the Clock afternoon and I lent my bror Betty a pistereen 
and sent another with her mother to Derry for two Milk pans 



270 MATTHEW patten's DIAHr. 

8"^ John and. I went and measured the boards that I had of my part at 
the mill I had 3930 feet Mill Measure and we got two Stocks and a half 
more that measured 748 feet that I took makes 4678 feet in all and I let 
Tho>* Newman have 2080 feet of them and We Sticked up 1300 feet for my 
own Use and We found about Rope to go on one side of the flynet Martain 
found the nett and the Rest of the rope and I found about 12 corks and a 
number of leads to put on his part of y*^ Ropes and we hauled but got 
nothing 

9"^ I went and Run the lines of the lott that Ann Kennody bot from 
John Clark I charge 4/ La: Mo: unpaid 

] 0*'' I went to Amherst to Vendue Daniell McMurphys place in Hills- 
borough but there was no person appeared to purchas and there was no 
Vendue and I got 3 copers worth of snuff from John Wilkins and left that 
at about Midnight and came home and brot 4 bushell of Meal from Lieut 
Daniell Moors Mill the Grain was taken tliere last week and John and 
Stephen French for Martain catched 3 Salmon the weighed we supposed 
about 30 weight Martain had 3 or 4 pound more than I had 

11"^ I Sunned 4 bushell of Rie and shaved some Bottoms for pails 

12*^^ I writ a Summons and a Notification for Major Goffe to take some 
affidavits in his son Sam'' case on Next Wednesday at Col: Goff'es at 10 
o Clock 

13"' I went to Capt Karrs to take Depositions for Alexander Gillcrist 
and Daniel McFarland and finished about midnight and came home and 
Esqr Walker assisted and Swore me in their case concerning Thomas 
English offering me a pistereen when I was going to take Depositions for 
McFarland and Gillcrist last May 

IS''' I went to Fishing in the Morning and Martain and French hald 
before I went and catched two Salmon I had % of one of them and INIar- 
tain had 1% which with what he had more than me this year before 
makes him up even with what I had more than him last year and we got 
one in the Evening that weighed V2'^2 £ ^^^^ I ^^^ it 

17"' I went at Matthew McDiiffies Desire and Measured 33 acres off the 
North side of Sam" Turrils land to Satisfie an Execution to David Mc- 
Cleary of 19-15-6 and 14 acres to sd McDuffie to satisfie an Execution to 
him of 8-5-11 John Holland attended as the Sheriff the Apprizers were 
Rob* Walker james Little and Sam" Vose the Sheriff told me that Mr 
Atherton is to pay me And I went about Dusk to Col : Goffes and DraAved 
3 Depositions for Major Goffe in his son Samuells case and got home at 
day brake unpd 

18"' in the forenoon I writ the Caption on the Majors Depositions that I 
took last night and on the Depositions I took for Daniell McFarland last 
Saterday and I went in the afternoon to Ann Kennedys and took her ac- 
knowledgement to a Quit Claim to her fathers Estate to her bror Sam" for 
which he gave me a pistereen and I went and Vendued james Moors place 
that he had from his bror in law David McCleary and I too took the ac- 
knowledgement of a Deed for Sam" Gibson junr for which he gave me a 
pistereen and would not have any change 

19"' I coppyd the Depositions I took for Major for him and Delivered 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 271 

the Depositions and. the ooppys to Sani^i Goffe and my Ijror Samnells Affi- 
deavit and Caption which I took yesterday for the Majr all iinpd 

20tii I -went to Goft'es town after my Oxen but did not get them and I 
went to Capt Karr.s and got my penknif that I left there on the 13th when 
I was takeing Depositions for Alex'' Gillcrist and Daniell McFarland and 
I had lo a Mug of Tody on C"" and my wife went to Pinkertons and paid 
five Dollars for severall articles 

as*! I went after my Oxen to Goffes town and got them home about Sun 
down after a very gi-eat fateague and Martain and I got a Salmon and he 
di^dded it in halves and John and janiey began to Mow in the Meadow at 
home and I got a Sett of breaking plow irons from Tho" Newman that 
weighed 46 £ John Gillmor made them on Newmans acct and the boys 
began to Mow in the Meadow at home being y^ first 

2^'^ I tried to plow but the gi-ouud was so dry that I could not and New- 
man altered the point of my plow shear 

24"» I fitted up six Rakes for myself and I put two new head on to old 
Stalls of John Thomas for him 

25"^ I began to make pails and I James Moor and David McCleary came 
and I writ two note for the price of james place and james paid me a Dol- 
lar for my -wTiting the advertisments And Yeudueing his place and the 
notes today and I went to Widow Barrens at Moses desire and with Capt 
Walker and Mr Solomon Hutcheson began to apprize Capt Barrons 
Estate 

26''^ Stephen French and I got two salmon Martain had one that 
weighed 13X £ and I got the other that weighed 9 £ and 15 ounces and I 
worked at makeing pails 

27"' I workt and pails and finished 4 two large ones and two small ones 
all but the beals 

29"' Martain got a Salmon that weighed 1 1 £ which made him up with 
what I was ahead of him and I began a small tub 

30"' finished the tub allmost 

3P' I finished the tub and was hindered the most part of the day and 
Martain and I got a Salmon that weighed 11 pound and we divided it 

AUGUST FIRST 

Split and Shaved some Hoops for a Washing tub 

2'i I attended the funeral of William White junrs Wife who Departed 
this life yesterday morning about Sun Rise she was brot to bed the middle 
of last week of a Daughter 

ii'^ the boys began to Reap in the feild by my brors they Reaped five 
stook 

5"' and 6"' the boys and I Reaped in the field by my brors and finished 
it we have 24 stooks in this year and we Reaped 7 Sheaves above the Barn 

7*'' we Carted in the Rie out of the field by my brors and we Reaped 7 
stooks and 10 sheaves and it came on a Smart Rain that prevented oui- 
working the Afternoon on the 5"' Susannah went to Meins and Got ^o a £ 
of Tea and a Gallon of Rum and sonu^ otlier articles that she paid a Dollar 
of mv monev and almost a Dollar of her own 



272 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

j^th i^Q finished Reaping our Rie we had 19lh stocks in the field by the 
bam and we have 43^ stooks of Rie in all this year and Martain and I got 
a Salmon that weighed upwards of 26 £ by hauling on the oiitside of Goffe 
and McLaughlin and we borrowed a salmon from them that weighed 8}4 
£ and gave it to James Patterson 

9"i I spent the day in fitting the fly nett I took it off the Ropes and 
turned a new peiee into the Middle and tyed it on again and the boys 
finished Reaping our Winter Wheat which was very much blasted we 
had stook 

10"^ I podgered at Some trifling things 

12"i I began to Mow in the little meadow I began in the Governor lott 
and Deacon Moor came and Mowed in it with me he forbid me and I for- 
bid him and we cutt 4 or 5 cocks on it 

IS^^ We raked it together and got off the hay 

16*'i my brors Samuell & John mowed with us at the little Meadow and 
W'" Caldwell mowed with us in the afternoon and my jamey and Bob 
Raked for him the afternoon for it 

17th ^^Q Raked up 64 cocks of what we mowed yesterday 

19*'^ Matthew Little sent Bob Morrow to help us and we finished mow- 
ing all but some pickings among the bushes in the Governor lott and 
Raked 22 cocks of what was Mowed the 16th on the 13th Lieut Daniel 
Moor sent me about 3 jills of Rum and on the 14th jamey went to Means 
and got l^o Gallon of Riim 

20"^ I brot home a load of Hay from the Meadow being the first I carted 
home this year and John Thrashed at our peas 

21'^' hauled home two load of hay 

22^ 23'i & 24'h William Caldwell hauld hay for me with his 4 oxen and 
Cart he hauld 7 load in the 3 days he hauld 84 cocks and I hauled 69 cocks 
these 3 days with my oxen and horse my near ox proved lame the last day 
and half in his off fore foot he was Exceeding lame so that he could scarce 
move the night and day following and Inclined to ly constantly the hay 
we got home finished all exceept 10 cocks and the pickings among the 
biishes in the Governor lott which is yet to mow 

2Qth I -went and see janies Pattersons Calves but did not come to any 
agreement 

27th 28"! and 29"^ was at Londonderry at Robert Mack and Alex' Mc- 
AUesters Referance about their land old Mrs McAllester sent a Check 
linen haudkercheif a present to my wife and in the afternoon as I was 
coming home I was swore at Col : Goffes before him for Rob* Smith in 
his case with Rob' Fulton and I attended at the Col : on Dartmouth meet- 
ing but did no business at the meeting 

30"> I got two bushell of Rie ground at Col Goffes mill 

SEPTEMBER 2d 

was a town meeting to chuse a jureyman and we chose Robert Walker 
a Grand jureyman and we Drawed John Bells name to serve as petit jury 
man at the Superioui' on the 2'' Tuesday of this Instant at Amherst being 



MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 273 

the first jiu-ey mau we ever sent to any Court and is tlie first Court in the 
County since the Province was Di\'ided into Countys 

3'' I Drawed a long acct for William Nutt on his mothers Estate I 
charged 1/6 La : Mo : unpaid and I went and Run the line between Sam" 
and James Vose in their formerly Dispute I charged them half a Dollar 
and each of theru promised to pay me in equal halves and I came home by 
Thomas Boies and he paid me a Dollar and 4/8- La : Mo : I alowed him for 
6 £ of pork my -wife had from his wife in the year 1766 which with the 
Dollar I Reed made ballauce of my order on him as a Constable over and 
above my Rates which was Discounted in my order being 1-6-8 La : Mo : 

4th I -^vrit a long warttee Deed and a quit claim of Tho* Miu-doughs 
Inheritance to Hugh Orr and I sent John to Means and he got >^ £ of tea 
4 £ shugar and 3 qt of Rum for which he paid the dollar I got of Tho^ 
Boies yesterday 

5tii gth aud 7"' the other 2 Selectmen met at my house and we worked 
at makeing the Rates but did not finish 

9"^ John Aiken came in the morning and he and I finished and then I 
went \^ath Lieut John Little and run Round the 3"^ Division No 123 and I 
Run on the north side of George Hadleys home lotts and the East line of 
Littles was half Hadleys what I did for hadley cleared what I was behind 
on acct of a bushell of Corn I had from him last faul and littles part is 
unpd And he promised me his Right in the new Setting place and I 
agreed to have it but we made no price 

10'^ I butchered our Coss sheep and was hindered almost all or quit the 
forenoon with companey 

11th -^Q got out the last of our Indian corn we have two bushell and 
about X 

12th 13th ^ 14th I -^yas apprizeing Capt Barrons Estate 

16"^ John Gillmor sett the shoes on my Horses fore feet and I went and 
Run the lines of No 9 in the 5"^ Rang on the south side of Piscataquog 
River for him 

17"^ & 18"* and 19"* I workt at makeing my breaking up plow 

20'^ My Jamey & bob brot the steer and heifer calf from Jamey Pat- 
terson and I finished makeing the wood work of my plow 

21'*' Thomas Ne^vman made 13 £ of plates of his Iron for my plow one 
was an old Toe Iron and he made poles in some old Cart Grips and old 
hoes of mine and 75 nails he charged a Dollar 

23'' I had jamey Vose and his Oxen and My Bror Sam'' four oxen and 
Widow BaiTons old Oxen helping me to break up we were hindered with 
the plow and the Ground was dry so that we could not plow we did not 
go over more than }4 an acre and was a Town meeting to chuse a Grand 
jury man for the Session and petit juxor and 2 petit jurors for the lufer- 
iour Court in October next and I was hindred near half the day with that 
affair 

24"' I writ a Deed for pope Thomas Karr to Capt Karr of his place 
which Capt Karr is to pay as he says and Alex' Stewart came to our house 
in the Evening to make shoes 
18 



274 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

26th 27*11 I did no great of business but made some heels the 27 I helped 
Newman to new model my new plow shear 

38'^ I went to Moses Barrons in Amherst to prize at some of the per- 
sonal Estate of his fathers and Alex'^ Stewarts went home he has made 
four pair since he came to work this week 

30*'' I went and got my plough irons fitted off and the boys got in corn 

OCTOBER 

1^' we all husket 20 baskets of corn 

2<^ Susanna went to Hugh Greggs in New boston to Weave a piece of 
cloath for our selves and .John went with her and the other boys and I 
husked out the Remainder of what corn we got in on last monday 

3<i -we got in the last of our corn 

4 and 5*'^ we finished Husking our Corn we had 99 of our baskgts full 
this year I suppose 3 baskets full will make 2 bushel 

7th I went to Amoskieg and Veiwed aboiit fixing to Set a salmon pot and 
the boys began to Dig potatoes and my Wife went to Thomas Wallaces 
and got a bushel of Onions from him on Credit and she went Meius and 
got X of tea four or five needles and a little snuff in all to the amount of 
3^ of a Dollar and she paid the money 

on the fourth I got a hind quarter of my bror Sam^i Bull it weighed £ on 
credit and W" Barnett Gelded two boar pigs and a Calf for me 



and on the 1st or 2'^ I writ two pair of indentures for John Bell of his chil- 
der Jennie Conn had by him the charge 4/ to be settled in our acct 

from the 7th to the 12th no Great of business on I put a New Mould bord 
on my Brealdng up plow and John split Indian hills and Thomas Ne^vman 
finished fitting my breaking iip plow ii'ons 

14"! I spent the day on the forge mens acct with Capt Chamberlin try- 
ing to Settle their Diferance but could not Martain and Newman is to pay 
me a Dollar for my day and Goff & McLaughlin paid Capt Chamberlin 

15"^ I had William Barnett and his oxen and John McLaughlins Majr 
Goffs Zachariah Chandlers and Mrs Barrons oxen helping me break up 
and my jamey Dig potatoes for William Barnett 

Igth -^y^m Barnett came with his oxen but Zachariah Chandler would 
have his oxen and Disappointed us that we could not break up and jamey 
Dig potatoes for W'" Barnett 

17"' I had William Barnett and his oxen and James Voses John Mc- 
Laughlins James Martains and Mrs Barrons oxen breaking up 

18*'' had W" Barnett and his oxen and James Voses John McLaughlins 
Tho^ McLaughlins and Widow Barrons oxen breaking up 

19"' I had James Voses Thomas McLaughlins Matthew Littles James 
Martains and widow Barrons oxen breaking up 

21^* I had W'" Barnett and his oxen and james Vose and Matthew Littles 
Tho* McLaughlins and one pair of my bror Sam'^^ oxen helping me break 
up 

22<* We got out 4 bushell and about 10 or 12 quarts of corn and I went 
to Lieut Moors mill with it but did not get it Groimd 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 275 

23'' I went to mill aud got 2 busliell grouud of what I took to mill yes- 
terday 

24 & 25 & 26* we Diged our potatoes and finished them and in these 
days we finished Spliting our Indian hills and and on the 24th I lent my 
horse to Sam" McFarland to Londonderry he Did not Return untill the 
26tli at night he brot ns a bottle of Sniiff from John Pinkerton on Credit 
Mr Hepper came to make up a Suit of Cloths for John on the 24th 

28"' I butchered a lamb a smal one 

29"^ I went to job Dows to Mill and took two bushell of Indian and \% 
bushel of Rie and got them Ground and the Rie I got bolted is the first 
Rie I got ground of this years Crop and makes ten bushell of new Indian 
there is two of the ten lys at Lieut Moors MiU ungroiind for want of 
water 

30"' I sent a line to job Dow to pay my bror Sam" some money and I 
cleaned up 1% bushell of Barley and I went to Means and got 4 £ of Shu- 
gar aud lo £ of Tea on credit 

3pt I went to job Dows to Run Round the land I sold in Goffestown last 
faul and I took 2 bushell of Corn with me and lodged there that night 

* NOVEMBER FIRST 

I run at the lines of the land 

2^1 I finished about 11 o Clock and then I planed the River through the 
land and Esqr Dow pd me 30 Dollars aud job paid me 30 V3 which with five 
Dollars he paid my bror on the 30th ult made his part he was to pay me at 
this payment and I got the corn Ground and came home at night 

4"^ my wife let my brors Wife have a Dollar and I bot a bushell of Salt 
from Hugh Orr and paid him 30/ Bay old Tenor for it 

S"* I paid Stephen French 3/1 bay old Tenor for a musquash Skin I had 
from him last spring 

6 '' I sent Tho' Wallace four pistereans by Susey for a bushell of Onions 
I had from him the 7th of last Octr 

7"' I paid Math'*" Little two Dollars on a note and a pistereen of Intrest 
the Intrest came to near about % ot & Dollar but he would take no more 

8"' I broke up and had Benj" McAllester and his fathers 4 Oxen and 
John McAllasters oxen and my brors 4 oxen 

9*'' I had Benj McAllester and his fathers 4 oxen and John McAUaster 
and Mr Turrills and Widow Barrens oxen helping me break iip and we 
finished aud I gave Benj two pistereens to himself 

11"' I took two bushell of corn and two of Rie to Lieut Moors Mill and 
got them Ground and went to Hugh Ramsays and fitted his horse Cart 

12"' I set out for Boston and got to Billerica and lodged at Pollards 

16"' I got a Side of Sole leather from Pollard on Credit it weighed 14 £ 
but he cliarged only 13,^4 at 8/ pr £ came to o-lO-O bay old Tenor I bot 
1-7-0 bay old Tenor worth of things at Gordons on Credit And I bot at 
Boston a number of article that and my Expenses amounted to 83-4-4 Bay 
Old Tenor aud I Droped a Dollar of the Money I took with me but does 
not know where 

18"' I paid my brors Wife 1-8-0 bay old Tenor she sent 5 £ and ounces 



276 JNIxVTTHEW patten's DIARY. 

of butter with me I sold it at 5/ pr £ it came to 1-6-0 so that I paid her 
)^ bay old Tenor over it happened so in the change 

IQ^i^ I butchered the Ox I had from mybror Samuell he weighed 469 £ of 
beaf and 81 of a hide and 26i'2 £ of Tallow I had the choice to take him at 
18 Dollars or the beaf at le/g pence per £ and the hide and Tallow at 18 
pence pr £ and we butchered one of our Sows she weighed 170 £ and W" 
Barnett Butchered for me and John went after we Dressed them and got 
pine for Barnett the Rest of the Day 

20"' I took home Hugh Ramsays horse Cart and near four pound of 
sheeps Wool she sent 7 £ and 10 Ounces of Butter with me to Boston for 
it which brot 1-18-1 % Bay old Tenor & while I was gone to Boston last 
week my oxen worked two days for Thomas McLaughlin 

21^' WAS THE GENERAL THANKSGIVEING 

22*1 I "vveut to McKinneys about the Road on the North side of his land 
and came home by Wylies to speak to jenny to come and Spin Wool at om- 
house 

23*1 I paid my bror Sam" 18 Dollars for the Ox I had from him the 19th 
and I went to Lieut Daniel Moors mill and took 3 bushel of Indian corn 
and I had the toal and John helped janies Martain 

25*'' John and jamey worked at the bridge by Ma'jr Goff es and I spent 
the day with Capt Walker at Widow Barrons to apprize the Estate but 
Mr Hutchesou did not come and Alex'^ Stewart and Eliphalet Duston 
came to our house to make shoes 

on the 23d I gave Jonathan Lyon a biishell of corn for a horse Collar I 
had from him three or four year ago or more and I gave him near a peck 
for an old horse collar I had from him tlie same year I had the new one 
from him 

26"' I with Capt Walker and Mr Hutcheson was appriseing Capt Bar- 
rons lands 

27*'^ was foul weather 

29"' we were on the same business of apprizeing and we lay at Moses 
Barrons 

30"' was foul Weather and we came home 

DECEMBER 

2(1 3d 4th and half of the 5th was on the business of apprizeing Capt Bar- 
rons Estate and finished his land 

6*'' was a Storm of snow it fell 5 or 6 inches Deep and I worked all day 
from breakfast till night a Drawing the Inventory of Capt Barrons Estate 
but did not light candle at it 

7"' a pleasant day and the boys got wood 

8"' Capt Walker and I attended at Widow Barrons in order to Draw 
Capt Barrons Inventory biit Mr 

(Several more pages of manuscript missing.) 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 277 



A DAYBOOK CONTINUED FROM J ANY 9th 1772 

13"' I seut to Lieut Moors Mill and got 1>^ bushell of Rie Ground and I 
had the toal 

17"* I had my brors Martaius and Thomas McLaughlins oxen and 
Drawed timber and Mr Timothy Favoui- came and paid me 35% Dollars 
on his Note 

18"^ I sent 4 bushell of corn to Lieut Moors mill and I had the Toal and 
Jacob Hepper finished makeing jacoats for the boys &c and I paid him all 
that I owed him being 8-14-6 Bay old Tenor and o and six pence over 

29th I -vYent to Amherst and Col Goffe and Major Hobart Qualified on 
a justice of the Peace and I gave them a Dollar and another to the Clerk 
and sit in the Sessions 

30"^ & 31^' Sat in the Sessions 

FEBRUARY FIRST 

my expences vras 4/ Lawful Mo and I got a quart of Brandy from Laud- 
lord Hildreth for which I pd 12/6 bay old Tenor I keept at Hildreths and 

1 came home 

On the 25th of Janr John went to Derry and paid John Pinkerton for 
things he got there and a bottle of snufif Sam^^ McFarlaud brot me last 
faull 3 and two-thii'ds Dollars or thereabouts 

3*1 jeny Wiley went home she has been her 4)^ weeks her wages came 
to 11/3 La : Mo : and I pd her 10/ of it 

4^'^ I sent 3 Dollars by John MacMurphy to Capt Shirley and I and Capt 
Walker and Mr Hutchison finished apprizeing Capt Barrons Estate and 
Returned the Inventory to the judge 

6"' I had my brors Matthew Littles Tho^ McLaughlins Martaius and 
my brors odd ox and Zachs and hald a large Stem post stick to the River 
my bror liad my oxen in the forenoon 

On the 29tli of January John Workt for Martain 

30*'' John and my oxen worked for Martain 

8"' I had John McLaughlin and Martains oxen and we hauld 3 sticks 
that had 4 3^ tun in them 

lO'h I writ a deed from William McDugal to Samuell Vose of his place 
in Goffestown I charged 2/ for the Deed and acknowledgement each to 
pay a shilling both unpaid and we haled home 5 load of wood 

11th I got my broad ax upsett by John Jameson and we butchered our 

2 i)igs one weighed 120 and the other weighed 150 

12*'' & 13"! Exceeding cold in these two days we hewed a stick and 
haled 2 to the crotch of the paths with our own oxen 

W^ fell a snow of four inches deep and John Jameson new tempered 
my broad ax and I went to Hugh Moc^rs for my Wifes Wheel tliat was 
there to be mended he made a new Rim and Standards and hub and 



'A t O MATTHEW PATTEN S DIAEY. 

spools temper pinn and foot and charged 8-16-0 Hamp old Tenor he 
abated the 15/ and I pd him a Dollar and I owe him 40/ old Teuor yet for 
want of makeiug change 

15"^ I borrowed 2 bushell of Rie from my bror Sam" and sent it and 
2 bushell of my own corn to Lieut Moors mill and I had the Toal there 
fell a snow of 4 or 5 inches deep this day 

18"^ I had Martains Oxen and we hauled 3 sticks to the River they had 
3}4 Tun 

19th I -vp-ent to the Sessions in Amherst Lodged at Hildreths 

20"^ Attended the Sessions and I bot a gallon of Molasses from Bald- 
mck and paid him 15/ for it and I got 3 Quire of Paper and a Quart of 
Brandy and 1/10 worth of Snuff from Cutler for which I paid him -i^ Bay 
old Tenor I was 27/ of Expences at Smiths and 25/ at Hildreths what 
I laid out for things and Expences at Amherst this time is 5-8-4 Bay old 
Tenor and it came on a Rain and Capt Walker and I came to Capt Allds 
and lodged over Night 

21^' I came home and Esqr Blodget and I spent the afternoon at my 
house 

22'! I went to John Bells and had a mug of flipp and paid him for it 
and what I owed him besides for shugar and 6 £ and 10 ozs of potash and 
I sett up an Advertisment at his house for a proprietors meeting of Soii- 
hegan-East to be held at Col Goffes next Fryday at ten o Clock forenoon 
and I went to Meins and pd him 15/ bay old Tenor for an oz of Sinemon 
that I had from him on Credit and I got a pound of Tea a 36/ and 4 £ of 
Shugar a 16/ and a paper of ink powder a 6/ and ' 3 worth of snuff from 
him & and paid him the money for them all and I set up another adver- 
tisment for the proprs meeting 

24'^ I went to Col Goffes and Drawed a Transcript of the common in 
Goffes town at Catemount brook to John Wentworth Esqr Right charged 
6/ unpd 

25*1^ I Recorded the transcript of the laud to Mr Wentworths Right and 
Recorded at the town accts and Drawed my acct agt the town a hard 
Snow and Hale storm from the North East 

26"^ John went to Lieut Moors mill with 2 bushell of Indian corn & 2 
of Rie the Rie was toled & I had the toal of the corn 

27'ii the boys finished thrashing our wheat and I went and brot home 
a little wood 

28*'^ I had my brors oxen and we took the Stick to the River of 44 feet 
it was 38 feet long and 1 went to Col Goffes to a proprs Meeting of this 
town we did nothing but chose my bror Moderator and adjom-ued the 
meeting to the 18th of March next at John Orrs at ten of the Clock in the 
forenoon 

29*"^ the boys cut the fenceing stuff on the cleared land above the house 

and Mr Hepper went home at the middle of the day he has been here 5}4 

daj's 

MARCH FIRST 

being sabathday I heard Mr Ward of Plymouth preach at Col Goffes 
2<i I met the other selectmen at Deacon Walkers and we examined 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 279 

Joseph Scobey aud james Caldwell ou their Collections of Rates aud they 
gave their note for the ballaiice in their hands and we Examined Tho** 
Boies on his collection and he pd us an 8 Dollar peice of gold and and Mr 
Caldwell pd ns in Silver and Coppers 2-6-2 La : Mo : and the money and 
Notes we left in Deacon Walkers hands and we finished drawing the 
March meeting Wart and I staid at the Deacons over night and we Gave 
Ml* Houston his order for 36-18-5-3 Lawful 

3*1 AVe Drawed of who were Voters & our o^vn orders and Aiken aud I 
came off after Dinner and John aud the oxen helped Martain to Draw 
logs to the River 

4'h I went and the boys and helped to Rais the Forge anew 

gtii There fell the Deepest Snow that fell this Winter att one times fall- 
ing it was a foot deep 

6^'* was a very high mud aud I broke a path from Martians to the wood 
and home 

7'h the boys and I got home five load of wood aud Mr Heper made a pair 
of Breeches for jamey 

9**^ Mr Heper went away after mending the button holes of my new 
coat snowed this day 

IQtii I went to Robf^ Alexanders and gave him 7}{ Dollars for Rie and I 
got 4 bushell of it and james Piper brot it on his sled to Lieut Moors mill 
and I had the Toal and I had 4 Darning nedles and a jill of Rum from 
Means for which I paid him 4 Coppers 

11"^ A heavy Storm of snow from the N : E : 

12''' I fitted some at makeing a Washing tub and I Drawed a Complaint 
and Warrant from William Arro^vin against Fetter Currier for his abuse- 
ing his Wife & 3 subpeuas charged 3/ 4io unpaid 

14th I -went to John Bells and held the Court between W" Arrowin and 
Peter Currier and I adjourned the Court untill the first day of next April 
at one of the Clock in the afternoon 

16*'* I finished makeing a Washing Tub for our Selves I made it Sett 
work and I got Stuff for one of the hoops from my bror Sam'i 

17"' I fited some staves and a bottom for a small tubb of Cedar 

18"^ I went to John Orrs to the proprietors meeting of this town by 
adjournment from Col Goft'es and no propr attending only my bror who 
was Moderator and John Bell we adjourned the meeting farther to the 
25'^ Instant to John Bells at five o Clock afternoon and I paid John Bell 
4/1 bay old Tenor for a bowle of tody 

20"' was a N : E : Storm of Snow and blowed very hard and I went to 
james Pattersons and began to Draw his mother and his sister Esthers 
Depositions concerning Mr Houston and james and Tarried over night 

21"' I workt all day and got it finished a while before night and I got 
a quart of Rum from John Bell for which I pd him }4 ^ pistereen and he 
says I owe him a Copper yet of it 

23'^ I borrowed 4 meal bags from my bror and I went to Rob' Alexanders 
and I got 173^ bushell of Rie filled into bags I borrowed two from him 
and I brot 4)^ bushell in my own bags to Lieut Moors Mill and got it 
Ground aud I had the Toal and came horn after night very bad traviling 
and I was very much tired 



280 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

24"^ I hewed the oake stick that we fell by where Currier layed his logs 
there is 54 feet iu it aud John weut to Alexanders and got 4 biishell of Rie 
and Lieut Moors team brot it aud 13 bushell I left there yesterday in 6 
bags to his mill aud John brot home 4 bushel of it iu meal in carrieing the 
grain from Alexanders to the mill one of my brors bags got tore by a little 
pine by the side of the path that we lost 4 or 5 Quarts of Rie 

SS*"^ I went to James Pattersons and Colonel Goffe came there and he 
and I took old Mrs Pattersons and Esthers Depositions that I Drawed last 
Fryday aud Saterday iu perpetuam aud I went from there to the Meeting 
house to the March meeting and was chose Clerk and first Selectmen 
and after the town meeting I weut to John Bells to the proprietors meeting 
Meeting of this town and after that was over I came home aud John weut 
to Lieut Moors and brot home 4 bushell of Meal of the Rie I had from 
Alexander 

26tii I Went and took the most of the Invoice on the River rang 

27th I went to Col Goffes aud janies Vose to Draw a lease of the privi- 
lege of building a Saw mill on the School lotts with Jacob McQuead and 
John Orr and we made a Draft of the lease our Expeuces att the Col is 
charge"! to the proprietors and johu got home the last of the rie I had from 
Robert Alexander this week and 1^ bushell of our own I have had 21)^ 
bushell of Rie from Alexander this week seven bushell I pd him for the 
10th Instant and I owe him yet for 14^^ bushell I have had 25I2 bushell 
from him iu all 1 1 bushell of which I paid him the 10th Instant and I have 
had the Toal of it all from Lieut Daniel Moor 

28"^ the boys split some pine wood aud I workt at pails and my bror 
Saui'i and Major Goffe Maclaughlin and Newman aud I hired one Mr 
Stillman for a mouth to keep school and Martaiu joins the wages to be the 
same of Mr Sands 

30th I workt at pails and the childer went to school to the amount of 5 
scholars the whole day 

31**' I had 6 at school all day aud I weut to nu- Joseph Dows and got 1}^ 
bushell of Salt towards what he owes me aud I took part of the Invoice on 
the baruetts and Wallaces row and Sam" Voses 

APRIL 1st 

I weut to John Bells and gave judgement iu AiTowius and Peter Cur- 
riers case I gave it iu Curriers favour aud I alowed him 6/9 coasts and I 
had my brors 4 oxen and a pau- of major Goffes and a pair of Martaius aud 
my brors Samuell aud John and him hauld an Oak stick to the River of 
54 feet iu it It was 41 1.< feet long 

21 WAS THE GENERAL FAST THROUGHOUT THE PROV- 
INCE 

3«i to Drawing the lease to Jacob McQuead of the privilege of building a 
Saw mill on the School lott and Quit claims from them of said lotts 
charged 4/ 

4"' John Workt for Mr Martaiu and I sett up two pails aud then I went 
to Mr Caldwells aud Mrs Caldwell gave me 3 £ and 6 ounces of flax aud 
young Mrs Caldwell gave me 4 £ 10 ounces aud W" Caldwell sold me G% 



MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 281 

of flax and I did uot pay hiui for it and Master Stillmau caiue to board at 
our house 

7"^ Col Goffe and james Vose and I met at my brors with Jacob Mc- 
Qiiead and we signed the lease to them the privilege of building a mill on 
the School lotts 

gth J went to Means and a pound of Tea from Mr Alexanders wife of his 
for which I pd her 4 pistereens and I got half a bushell of white Beans 
from Moses Vickere of which I pd him a pistereen by Running Lines in 
the Great Meadow in the year 1770 

9^^ I went to Amherst to the Sessions an exceeding heavey Storm of 
Rain from the N : E : 

10* to attending the Sessions and sett out and came to Lovejoys and 
lodged there over Night the brooks was very high 

11'^ I swore Hugh Ross to his acct book for which Love joy gave me a 
pistereen my Expences to and at Amherst this journey was 7/ La^vful and 
came home about one or two o Clock 

13''^ I got John Jamison to make a shoe for my ox brooken hoaf and pair 
of New shoes for my horses fore feet and Nails to Set the horses shoes and 
he began to mend an andiron that was broke that has lain there several 
months but did not finish it and james Moor came to Give his Invoice to 
me to be Rated in Bedford 

14th I -vveut to Alexanders and I got two bushell of Rie from his Wife of 
the Quantity I am to have of him and I got a horse Collar from Means on 
Credit 

15'^ I sowed some peas maybe aboiit 3 pecks 

16"^ a Considerable Rain 

17*^ I set out to go to Hails town on acct of a Number of men that 
Resqued a prisioner from the High Sheriff on last Wednesday morning 
and Abuseing the Sheriff and exiting one of his horses Ears off the 
Malitia was Raised and Sent up they went up yesterday and I went 
within a few Rods of John Smiths in Goffestown and I met the high 
Sheriff & a number more comeing home and I turned about and came 
home and John Jameson set the shoes on my horses fore feet that he made 
the 13th Instant and I writ seven letters at the desire of the high Sheriff 
to several persons or 9 of them in Goffestown on acct of the foreging Dis- 
turbance this week 

18**^ I went to Deacon Walkers and took vrith me a bushell and near 3 
quarts of Winter Rie with me and got it changed for Spring Rie and he 
let me have a bushell more than I am to carrie him the Winter Rie for it 
and I brot it home and Sowed it and I went to Means and I got }4 a Gallon 
of West India Rum and two Coppers woth of snuff for which I paid him 
15/9 Bay old Tenor 

20"^ A Storm of Snow and Hail from the N : E : and I got two hnks shut 
in one side of the horse Tresses and one in a Draft chain 

2pt I went to Macgregores Shop in Goffestown and I got 4 £ of Shugar 
for which I paid two pistereens and jolin took a Stick to Major Goffes 
sawmill 10 feet long and got it sawed into boards to make Salmon pots 
and Split a peice that came of the End of it to make two sides for a har- 
row 



282 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

22<i johu weut and paid Deacon Walker the biishell of Rie that I had 
from him the 18th Instant and got another bnshel changed -with him and 
2 bushell changed with james Aiken 

23'^ I finished makeing a harrow for myself 

24*"^ Majr Goffe and my bror Sam" and I Measiu-ed what plank I had at 
the mouth of the brook there was 395 feet of them and Nath" Clark came 
and paid me Iv;^ Dollars toward his note and I went to W'" Niitts and 
left with Daughter for my part of Twine on W" Morrows Right in the 
scene one Dollar and a pistereen 

26"^ I sowed about 1% bushell of Rie and then I Went to the bridge by 
Majr Goffes to work at it and got disniist in the afternoon to help my bror 
Sam^i to roll in his timber at the Col Ferry and I settled with Majr Goffe 
for his sawing for me plank and boards and he still has the plank at the 
nioutli of the brook that we Measured yesterday and then he fell in Debt 
to me the sawing of 1970 feet of boards in which was Reckoned 500 feet 
of boards that the Majr was to pay me on John Clogstons acct 

27tii I worked at the highway by Zech Chandlers and John went to Tho^ 
Boies and got 3 pecks of spring Rie for Winter Rie 

28"* I finished sowing the field before the house I sowed near 6 bushell 
on it and Will™ Nutt came and Informed me that the partners in his 
scene would not buy the Twine but would make it themselves and he brot 
me 8 pound of flax from Derry cost 4 pistereens and he Retiu-ned me two 
pistereens of the money I left at his house the 24th to biiy the Twine and 
I went to his house and got the 8 £ of flax and I weut to Rob*^ Alexander 
and I paid him seven Dollars toward the Rie I had from him and I got a 
loaf of Shugar from Means of 9 £ 10 ounces weight at 7/ Bay old Tenor pr 
£ on credit it came to 3-7-4 Bay old Tenor and I got two coppers worth of 
snuff for which I paid the money 

29th I "vvrit a letter to oui* school master and I %VTit two Deeds for our 
james Patterson one to Thomas Maclaughlin and the other to David Moor 
and I took the acknowledgements and We Settled with our School master 
and I paid my bror Samii** part and mine they both came to 13/ Lawful I 
sent 128 days and Sam" sent 65 days 

30th J with the other Selectmen went to lay out a Road to Amherst and 
lodged at Hugh Orrs 

MAY FIRST 

We finished laying out the Road and a peice of another (viz) from Mur- 
doiighs by John Aikens as far as beyond the little meadow place on Mac- 
dugal meadow branch of the brook 

2*1 I went to Londonderry and paid Alexander Stewart b% Dollars for 
his makeing 18 pair of shoes for me last faul and I Retiu'ned him a pair of 
thick Calf skin punis he made for myself but they did not Suit me for 
which he is to make me a pair of his own leather and bring them to me 
next week 

4"* was our march meeting by adjournment which I attended 

5"* John Dinsmore made me a pair of thick Shoes he owed me 39/ 
Hampr old tenor towards the makeing of them I borrowed the sole Stuff 
of my bror Sam" and David Moor paid me 10/ Bay old Tenor toward what 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 283 

he owes me aud I got a quart of Rum from Newman and half a mug of 
tody and I gave his wife the 8^^ of a Dollar and I began to knit at W'" 
Nutts twine 

6th ^ 7th I ijiiit at Nutts T-svine on the 7th David Moor brot me 8/ La : 
Mo : for two days attending the Sessions since I was Qualified 

8'h I sowed 3 pecks of flax seed that John got from Deacon Walker on 
the 6th Instant for which he paid 4/6 Lawful and on the 6th Mr Martain 
had bob aud my oxen and brealdng plow the forenoon helping him and I 
sowed some barley S : W : of the barn and I finished laiitting Nutts 
Tmne and Cast on my own Twine 

9"* I knit at my own Twine 

10"» Oiu- Tansey Cow Calved a Cow Calf we looked for her but did not 
find her 

11"^ we found her and her Calf and got them home in the morning 

12"^ I sold my timber to John Ford for 4 £ Bay old Tenor pr Tun there 
was 33 Tun and 26 feet I flung in the 26 feet and took his note for the 33 
Tun amounting to 132 £ Bay old Tenor the note was 17-12-0 Lawful and 
I went to Joseph Scobeys and Vendued for him Cattle and hoggs Hus- 
bandrey untensials &c we broke up about one o Clock in the morning and 
I came home that night 

13*'' I went and helped Mr. Ford and johu worked for Ford for which he 
pdus 

14th I ^^Tit William Baruets Deposition concerning Mr Houston and 
Arrowin and jamey Patterson and Swore him to it and I writ Joseph Dows 
junrs Deposition for his father Joseph Dow and Swore him to it and writ 
the Caption to go to Haverhill unpaid I charged 2/ La : Mo : 

lo"' I knit at my part of the Siene 

16"' I went to John Bells in the afternoon to hold a Court between james 
Patterson Complainant aud William Arrowin Respondent Col Goffe 
assisted me the affair was made up without a tryal and afterward james 
swore the peace against him and I drawed the Wart and the Constable 
took Arrowin and put him under keepers 

18"' I drawed a Petition for Alex' Gillcrest in favor of a Number of the 
Inhabitants of Goffstown to prefer to the General Court aud I writ a Deed 
for William McDugal which W" is to pay for me toward Drawing my 
petition and John Todd pd me 1/s for the acknowledgement and I sold a 
bushell of potatoes to Hugh McColley for which he paid me a pistereen I 
let james Martain have four bushell of potatoes and Stephen French two 
bushell unpd and we hung our Siene aud we catched 69 Shad and hung our 
net on a fast or we might have got more there was considerable Rain in 
the afternoon 

19"' I sowed about 13 or 14 Quarts of flaxseed in the Co^vyards and I 
gave Sanmell Currier an Execution agt William Arrowin came to two 
shillings unpaid and I went to Means and I got a pound of Tea for which 
I pd him 4 pistereens and I got 1^ bushell of Rie from Rob' Alexander 
being of the 30 bushell I agreed with him for and when I came home I 
swore the apprizer of the mare Capt Ladd impounded on the 14th Instant 
for which I had given a Wart the 16th Instant 



284 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

20'*! I writ 4 advertisemeuts for Capt Lad and charged 1/ for them I 
took his note for all I did about his pouudiug the mare ou the 14th Iiistaut 
came to 5/4 johu fished at the Scene and got 94 shad and 5 £ of Salmon 
and I paid Martaiu the 4 shad we borrowed from him last week 

21st s^Q gQ^; ^]2e fig}i home and Major Gotfe and I pitched my Caunoe a 
little with his pitch and put her into the River 

22<^ we fished at the Scene and the night following and got 27 shad and 
5>^ £ of Sallmon besides paying for Rum that we di-inked 

23'! Sam^i Wallace Brot me a bushell of Salt from John Pinkertons a }4 a 
Dollar pr bushell and I gave him a Dollar and he is to bring me another 
bushell next time he comes to the Scene 

25"^ johu fished at the Scene and got 235 he sold a string aud paid a 
string to Hugh Wall that Williaiu Morrow got from him on my acct aud 
jamey and I went to the Falls jamey got 9 and I got 12 I gave two for 
Cydar and two I gave Lieut Little and got home 16 aud I let William 
Karr have 3 bushell of potatoes to be paid in shad or money and I let Hugh 
McOolley have 6 quarts of seed corn 

26^'^ I let Hugh McColley have a bushell of potatoes and I got ^o ounce 
of snuft' aud a fine teeth Comb from McGregore for which I paid 23/ 
Hamp'' old Tenor aud John went to Mr Dows and got ^o a bushell of salt 
toward what he owes me and my jamey worked for Hugh McColey for 
which he promised to give me a string of shad 

27"' I writ a Deed from William Caldwell bror in law Andrew Craige 
to him aud took the acknowledgement took no pay but to be settled when 
we settle all our accts and we got 136 shad at the Scene 

28"* I went to the falls but got no fish I got ^o ounce of Snuff from Mr 
McGregore for which I paid /2 La : Mo : 

29"* I got a bushell of Rie from Alexander which Makes 30 bushell I 
have got in all from him this year aud I got two barrels from McGaw for 
which I paid him 4/ La : Mo : and we got 33 shad from the Scene 

JUNE FIRST 

I went to fish at the falls and got 110 shad and jamey got 29 at our set- 
ting place and johu got 90 at the Scene 

21 I got 90 shad 

31 I got 44 shad aud Bob got 13 at our setting place aud John got 50 at 
the scene 

4"! I got 115 shad 

5th I go^ 90 shad and jamey got 20 at our Setting place aud John got 17 
at the scene 

6"* I got 102 shad 

8'^ I got 3 shad and Bob got 34 at our setting place and John 1 and the 
Scene 

9"* I got 5 shad 

on the 4th 

Susey went to Lo : Derry and bot 2 bushell of salt from jamey McMur- 
phy for which she paid a Dollar aud on the 5th I let Rob' McGregore have 



MATTHEW TATTEN'S DIARY. 285 

20 shad for a biishell of salt which I have yet to get and on the 8th John 
went to Lo : Deny and hot 4 bnshell of salt from janies McMurphy for 
which he paid two Dollars and brot two bushell of it home and the other 2 
he left at Joseph Bells and on the 2d John paid Jacob Heper a Dollar of his 
own money toward what I owe him 

10"^ John and james fished Ells in the night and got 29 five of which 
they gave to their nncle Alex"^ and 2 they gave Mr Martain & 22 they brot 
home out of what shad we got I gave Deacon Walker 12 and W" Morrow 
15 and John McMurphy 25 and John Little 2 and Divers to james Martain 
John Sold 44 at the Scene and the boys sold 61 from their setting place and 
I sold on the Island 184 for money and 20 I let Rob' McGregore have for a 
bushell of salt and I let John Little have 118 shad toward his Right in the 
setting place and 1-5-6 Bay old Tenor in money on the 5th Instant 

1 1'^ I ^vrit a Deed from Sam^' Boyd from John Davis and took the ac- 
knowledgement for which Davis paid me 2/s La : Mo : and I went to the 
falls to look at the pot and I got 3 EUwives and a trout in it 

12"' we began to weed our corn and my bror Martain Major Goff'e Ensn 
McLaughlin and I agreed with Mr Quinlin to keep school a month for five 
Dollars or longer which we see fit to Employ him or four Dollars and a 
half pr month by the year and I went to Rob* Alexanders and got a bushell 
of white beans from him and did not pay for them 

13"i I hooped off two small pails and I went to the falls and I got 3 Sal- 
mon out of the pott that weighed 29^2 £ and two ellwives 

14"' I heard Mr Ward preach in Derry field meeting house and I went up 
to the falls and got two Salmon in the pot that weighed £ and four ell- 
wives and I got 2 shad & 3 Ells of my part of what was in the pott on the 
setting place 

15th I -vveut to Merrills and I heard Mr Smith the Anabaptist preach and 
Dip Baker of Derryfield and a young woman of Duubarton and I bot a 
bottle of snuff for McGregore and for two ferryages of myself I paid 2/ 
LawfuU Money 

16"! I run lines for Lieut Poor for which he paid me a Dollar it was 
Round the Home Lott No 48 by Gillmors Saw Mill 

17"' I went to james Yoses and took his Invoice from his Wife and went 
from there to the falls and fished Ells the night following and got a shad 
& 26 Ells 

18"' I went back to the falls and got 4 Shad and a Salmon that weighed 
103^ £ and I gave Hugh McColleys wife 2 shad and the Rest I sent home 
and I eat supper with McColley and I got 8 Ells in the Evening 

19"' I got 8 shad one I lent to Samuell Richards and tlu'ee I gave widow 
Batchelor for a spick gimblet that I borrowed from her a year ago & Hugh 
McColley lost it and McColley's wife got three of my Ells and I eat break- 
fast with her and I brot 4 shad and 5 Ells home 

20"' I went with Nath^' Marston to Sam^' Sanders and \^Tit a deed from 
him to Mrs Sanders and a bond from his father to her and helped them to 
Settle and Nath" pd me 0-4-8-2 and I took the acknowledgement of the 
Deed for which Mrs Sanders paid /1 1-1 allmost 



286 MATTHEAV PATTEN'S DIARY. 

A DAY CONTINUED FROM JUNE 20 1773 

22<i Tho^ NeAvman made aud Sett a New shoe on my horses fore foot 

23<i I took a barrel of shad to jonas Cuttings for W™ Morrow for the 
Right in the Scene I hot of him last Spring and I paid the Ferryage and 
sett it in jonas room and I paid the ferryage by drawing an Rect for him 
agt John Briant and Swearing him to it and I went to Snnkook to try to 
get grain and lodged at james Moors 

24"> I got one bnshell of Indian corn from Moors wife for which I paid 
3_10-0 old Tenor my Expences this journey was 1-6-0 old Tenor and brot 
the bnshell of corn that I got to Esqr Blodget mill and he ground it Toal 
free and I catched 6 Lamper Ells and brot them to Matthew Littles aud 
the price is 5/ Bay old Tenor unpaid 

25 & 26^^ I went to Robert Walkers aud with him aud Hugh Oit we 
made the highway Rates and Warrants 

27'^^ I went to Esqr Blodgets mill with 1 1^' bushell of Mishlin Wheat 
and Rie and he gave me the Toal 

29"' I went according to appointment vrith John Crombie aud Col Barr 
to Londonderry and went from there with james MacGregore aud John 
Bell with sd Crombie and weut to Pelhani and from thence to the most 
Southeastly corner of Lo : derry and run W : N : W : neigh to one Smiths 
and Col Barr aud I lodged at sd Smiths by an invitation the others went 
to Pelham 

30*'^ I began where I left off the night before and were joined by Pel- 
hams Selectmen and Run by night as far as to John Willsous aud then 
went to Lieut Buttlers aud lodged over night 

JULY FIRST 

went to where we left off last night aud weut on and got to said But- 
tlers to Diner in the afternoon we got to Pelham N : W : Corner aud as far 
as Tho« Smiths between Derry and Nottingham West aud were joined by 
one of Nottingham Selectmen we went back to Buttlers and lodged over 
night 

2<^ we proceeded aud run to Derry S: W: Corner and from thence to 
Litchfield S: E: corner and had two of Nottingham Selectmen and they pd 
me four Dollars for my service all but 3 coppers aud I came to William 
Pattersons in Litchfield and lodged over night 

3*^ Patterson let me have l^ bushell of Indian corn for which I paid him 
% of a Dollar and I pd 3 coppers for my ferryage and two to Means for 
snuff and came home and sent the corn to Blodgetts mill aud I had the 
Toal not payd for and I workt the afternoon at our School house by John 
and james yesterday and this forenoon at getting the timber and haiiling 
and my oxen this forenoon 

4'^ I worked at framing the school house and we Raised it about Sun 
Set 

6"i I sett out after Grain and I bot ^^ Hundi-ed of Rice from McGaw for 
which I paid 5 £ bay old Tenor aud I got 14 £ of Shugar at 2-14-0 aud a 
pound of Tea at 1-14-0 both on credit bay old Tenor aud I went and lodged 
at Jesse Wymans at pine hill 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 287 

7'^ I got a btishell of Vergiuia corn from Mr Right for which I paid 
1-12-0 bay old tenor and a bushell of Rie from jos Fletchers son for which 
I pd 1-15-0 bay old tenor and a bushell of Rie att 35/ and half a biishell of 
corn at 12/6 bay old Tenor from Temple Kendall which 1 paid and I lodged 
at Ephraim Addams 

8'^ I came to Lovewells mill and got the 3)4 bnshell ground and I pd the 
Toal for which I paid 7/ bay old Tenor my Expences this joiu-uey was 11/4 
Tjay old Tenor and got home a little before Sun Sett 

10"' I sent jamey to Hugh McCalleys for Martains fly nett and He got a 
bottle of Snuff f rom McGregore for which he paid 38/Hamp'' old Tenor and 
I knit at the new fly nett 

ll^h I finished kniting in the morning & then I went at workt at hang- 
ing the nett and we finished tying of it on a little before sun sett 

13"* John and I went and Sawed a cut of a logg on the East Side of 
the River for clapboards but it would not do and Siisauna and David went 
to Londonderry 

14"' David brot home the two bushell of salt that John left at Joseph 
Bells the 8th of last June and I ^vrit a Deed from Tho« Hall to SaniH Rich- 
ards of a Right in the common in Goflfestown and took the acknowledge- 
ment and I writ a Deed from james Gillmor to David Moor of a peice of 
land in the N: E: Corner of the home lott no 75 in Bedford 

the Remainder of the week I made a new axle tree to my Cart and 
molded the pad of my Saddle and I got hair from Stephen French to almost 
stuff it 

19"' being Sabath day Nathauiell Clark sent me two dollars pr my brors 
Betty towards what he owes me on his note 

20"* I went to Col Goffes to get his chair wheel to fetch up our weights 
and Measures from' Exeter and the boys hill at the corn 

21«' the boys hilld at the Corn 

22'! the boys finished hilling the corn and I went to Deacon Walkers and 
got 4 Dollars of the towns money to bear my Expences and to fee Mr Liv- 
ermoor for his advice concerning the Road that Gan Riddell want to Dr 
Miller meadow lott in the Great Meadow 

23'i I set out for Exeter and Portsmoiith and lodged at Towles Col 
Goffes wheels would not do they were so crazey 

24"' I arrived at Portsmouth about Noon I Dinned by Invitation with 
Noah Parker and I bot 4 bushell of Indian corn from Capt Rob' Parker for 
which I pd him 3 Dollars and got to Stratham and lodged at Mr Chases 

25"' I got home I could not find the weights and measures at Exter as I 
expected but Noah Parker says they are there and is to send them to Esqr 
Websters next Thursday I paid him X Dollar for the carriage from Exter 
to there My Expences this journey was 11-14-0 Hamp'' old Tenor 

27'*' I went with a bushell of the Corn I brot home on the 25th to Esqr 
Blodgetts and got it Ground and Spent the afternoon with him at his 
house on neighbourly conversation 

28"' I fited some Rakes and the boys mowed yesterday and today 

29"' I fited some more Rakes and the boys Mowed the forenoon and 
the afternoon I spent after Salmon and McLaughlin and I got 3 Exceeding 
hot this week & a shower this afternoon 



288 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

30*^^ I went to Esqr blodgets with the Remaiuder of the Com I brot from 
Portsmouth being 2}^ biishell and about 3 or 4 quarts I have had the Toal 
of all that I brot from Portsm from him and have not paid him for it being 
in all 3)^ btishell and about 4 quarts more showers this afternoon and 
Evening 

31^^ It Rained and the wind at N: E: this morning Martain and I got a 
Salmon this morning that weighed about 12 £ and he got two yesterday 
that weighed I suposse 35 or 36 we Divided them this morning I had about 
16 £ for my share 

AUGUST FIRST 

I went to MacGregores and got the biishell of salt that I paid him for 
last fish time in Shad and a bottle of snuff and a pair of Brass sieve bot- 
tons for which I pd 44/ Hamp'' old Tenor 

3<i John and I went to the little meadow near noon and began to mow 
we mowed the Govr lott and some in the Squar and the path in to the 
meadow and I borrowed a flask full of Rum from W'" Caldwells wife 

4*^^ I butchered our belled Cows Calf it weighed 11 j^ £ pr quarter and 
we mowed some more in the Little meadow and I went and got two quarts 
of Rum at Hugh Campbells on on Credit and my wife went to Means and 
got Several Articles and paid the money for them yesterday 

o*'^ was a considerable Rain and I fitted up 3 Rakes and the boys got in 
a load of hay out of the meadow at home before it Rained 

7 & 8"^ I Carted home two loads of hay from the Little meadow each 
day and Mowed a few cocks and Raked up 18 on the 6th I mowed 11 cocks 
and the boys and I got all we had down in cocks except 5 

10*'^ I mowed part of the forenoon in the burnt lott and David went to 
Esqr Blodgets mill with 2i.< bushell and a little more of New Rie that the 
boys reaped and thrashed last week they Reaped 15 Stooks and last week 
John thrashed 2 stooks and 2 sheaves for what we sent to mill today 

11*'^ Was a Considerable Rain last night and this morning and I did not 
go to the meadow & Newman made me a Sett of Scytli Hangin and the 
boys Reaped three stooks & there was a heavey shower this Evening to- 
ward night 

12"^ We shaked out our Cocks and what I mowed on the 10th and got it 
all in cocks and brot home a load 

13"^ I sent David to Means and got ^h ^ Gallon of Rum and ^o a £ of 
Tea for which he paid 24/1 bay old Tenor and we took care and di-ied our 
hay and brot home a load 

14th -^g finished Reaping the peice above the barn there was 37 Stooks 
and 4 Sheaves on it which was all Winter Rie and began to Reap the 
Spring Rie in the old field before the house 

15"^ I went to the meadow and mowed or 6 cocks it was very hot and 
there came up a Great shower of Rain and hail I cocked up what I mowed 
altho it was not hayed all the hollow places in the meadow was full and 
the brook to the top of the banks like the Spring time 

16*'^ it Was cloxidy and the air at N: E: and Rained a little some part of 
the day and our Belled Cow took Bull 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 289 

17*'' Lo^yrey dull weather I took the acknowledgement of a Deed from 
Samnell Turrill Senior to Samuell Turrill Jniou unpd and the boys 
Thrashed Rie 

IS"' we cleaned up 4 bush ell of Rie misty dull weather & I got a bushell 
of Rie ground at Lieut Moors mill 

19"' Cloudy dull weather and Mr Hepper come to turn Mr Quinlins sm*- 
tut 

20"' Cloudy Dull weather and I set up a pail and repaired my Cart 

21^' and 22<i I worked at the meadow and finished mowing and rakeing 
the burnt lott I had 32 Cocks on it and got home a load of hay 

24"' I got two Quarts of Rum from Hugh Campbell on Credit and I 
mowed some at the Meadow in the Squar and John worked at the meadow 
and we got home a load of hay which makes the 9th load we have got 
home this year 

25"' We mowed and Raked hay and got home a load 

26"' I butchered a lamb and worked at the meadow and brot home a 
load of hay 

27"' worked at the meadow & brot home a load of hay 

28"' finished mowing exceept 3 cocks among the bushes in the Go\'t lott 
and brot home a load of hay & got % Gallon of Rum from Hugh Camp- 
bell on Credit 

29"' got it all in cock that is mowed and brot home a load and took "2)^ 
bushell of Rie to Lievit Moors Mill but did not get it home and I writ a 
Deed from David McClary of Merrymac to jamey Smith of the meadow 
lott no 73 and took the acknowledgement and Reed J^ La: Mo: toward it 
and jamey is to pay me /S more 

3P' Carted home 2 load of hay and the boys mowed and carried out from 
the bushes in the Go\t lott what Grass was and they Cleared on sd lott 
the Rest of the day 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

Carted home a load of hay 

2'' I butchered a lamb and I got a Gallon of Rum from Hugh Campbell 
on Credit and the boys went to the Meadow for a load of hay lowery 
weather and Rained some and I gave Doctor Barns a Summons for Divers 
Evidences and a Notification to the adverse party (viz) Lieut McQueston 
and others and am to go to Litchfield next Saterday to take the Deposi- 
tions 

3'' was a great Rain last night and considerable today 

4"^ I went to the meadow and shook oixt what was wet of the hay and 
brot home a load 

5'*' John Got William Caldwells oxen and helped home with a load being 
the last I had 20 loads this year there was 197 cocks in it this year and I 
went to Ensn Chases and took 4 Depositions for Doctor Barns and one for 
McQ\ieston pr Mr Athertons desire all unpaid and I came home after mid- 
night 

7"' I writ the Captions on tlie Depositions I took on the 5th and Sent 
them to Court pr deacon Walker and I went to job Dows and he paid 
19 



290 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

me 8-16-9-2 lawful being his part of the last Note to the 29th of jiily last 
and I charged him Intrest no longer he haveiug had the Money Ready for 
me at that time 

gih J -wrent to Robert Alexanders and paid his Wife Six Dollars and 25/ 
Bay old Tenor being what I owed him of what Rie and a bushell of Beans 
I had from him last Spring &c And I paid Means what I owned them on 
book being 9-2-4- Bay old Tenor and I got 1: 10: Bay old Tenor worth 
and paid the money and l^r, Doz" of Coat buttons for jolius Red jacot and 
paid X of a Dollar for them 

9"' I went to McGregores and got }4 ^ of Tea for which I paid 40/ old 
Tenor for and I paid him for a bottle of snuff which I had from him on Cr 
on the 25th of last Augt and I went into the woods with Chandlers heirs 
to look their land 

IQth "Was Rainy Weather and I vrrit a letter to james Blanchard for 
Sanuiell Kennedy of the Value of the lott No 11 in the 1st Rang in 
Goffestown on Berlford line 

11"' I went into the woods with Chandlers heirs away beyon Whitfield 
Gillmors and to the brushey Meadow and it came on Rain and Wet us a 
Good deal and we came home before night 

12"* Was something Rainy the fore part of the day I began to Cut a few 
Stalks Near Night 

14th -^^g Qii^ ^^]2e Remainder of our Stalks but 12 Rows and John and 
jamey went to Alex' McMurphys to help him get his Hay 

15*^ Deacon Walker brought the Venires for the jurymen for Octr Court 
and I drawed a Wart for a town meeting to be held the 29th to chuse and 
Draw them and we finished cuting Our Stalks and I went to INIcGregores 
and I got a Bottle of snuff and a quarter of a pound of Allspice and 1^ a 
bole of tody for which I paid 2/(5 Lawful 

16"* I went into the woods with Chandlers Heii's to a Meadow lott by 
Jacob McQuads and one in the little meadow and and no one in the 11th 
Rang and 55 3d Division and 47 & 49 third Divisions and I got a pen knif 
and j4 a quire of paper from McGaw 

17"* was a Rainey day 

18"* I went with Col Goffe and Capt Walker to Goflfestowi) and laid off 
thirty acres out of the common at penny Meadow to Dow for William 
McDoels amendment which he had pm-chased from McDoel & I took the 
acliiiowledgement of a Deed for John George unpaid 

19"* I went to Rob* Alexanders and Run part of the lines Round the 
lott no 47 a 3d Division for him and I got ^o ^ of peper an Earthen pot 
and a pitcher and chamber pot from McGaw for which and a penknif and 
the % quire of paper I had from him the 16th I paid him 31/3 Bay old Ten*' 
and I got a thousand of board Nails and three thousand of Shingle Nails 
from him on Credit for our School house 

2iBt I drawed the articles for us the partners in the school house among 
our selves and between us and Joshua Gage for his doing the work 

22"^ We all met and Signed the Articles the forenoon it cost me ^o a day 

23<i I gathered and traced some corn 

24"* I worked the afternoon makeing mortar and tending the Masons at 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 291 

the School house Chimney aud luy brors Sam" took 98 feet of seasoned 
White pine boards from me to the school house and my Cart Carted Stones 
for the School house from Gan Riddells 

SS''' I went in the forenoon to Mr Caldwells and then to james Aikens 
Rob' Walkers and Hugh Campbells after lime for the school house and the 
afternoon I tended the Masons and John Workejd the forenoon makeing 
morter at the School house 

26"' I went to Means and got 55 Squars of Glass of 7 by 9 and ^o a thou- 
sand of Double tens on credit for the Schooriiouse and John worked all 
day at laying the hearth and Underpining the school house and in the 
afternoon I went to McGregores and I got % £ of Tea and an Oiince of 
Snuff for the school master and a bowle of tody for which I paid him i., a 
dollar and I got an Ivory comb at Means in the forenoon for which I paid 
him 5/ Bay old Tenor and I paid him for 3 Squars of the Glass 

28"^ I went to Capt Karrs and Measured off 50 acres for Doctor Tiffiny 
of the west side of the land he had from Rob' Mathies and I writ the 
deed and took the acknowledgement and charged a Dollar I expect Capt 
Karr will answer it 

29th Was a town Meeting and we chose Samuell Vose a grand jury man 
for the Sessions 

30'^ Hugh Orr and I met at Deacon Walkers to make Rates 

OCTOBER FIRST 

we finished makeing the Province County Ministers and Grave yard 
Rates we got two quarts of Rum from John Bell aud paid it with a pis- 
tereen of the towns money that was in Deacon Walkers hand and John 
Worked at Newboston highway 

2'^ I went to Means and got 7 £ of shugar aud half a Gallon of Rum for 
which I paid in Bay old Tenor 1-15-7 

'M I went to Londonderry to George Duncans and got 1>2 M of clep- 
board Nails for which I paid 7/6 La^vful and the boys got in the corn by 
the well 

5"* I Run Round the lott No one in the 11 th Rang for James Mathies 
and Gave him the Runing of it and he and his Wife gave me 1 f and 6 
ounces of Heckled flax and 2 £ of tobacca 

gth I -vyent out at the desire of one Moses Abbot administrator on tlie 
Estate of Jonathan Hill of Bedford in the Bay province to look uid the lotts 
2 & 4 in the 2d Rang in this town for which he paid Me a Dollar the ap- 
prizers was with us (viz) Lieut Daniell Moor Samuell Patten aud John 
Bell and Richard McAllister junior was out as a hand 

7"' was a great Rain we got in a load of corn and husked it and wliat 
Remained of what the boys got in before they had got in what was by the 
Well 

8"> I went to McGregores and got }■<, £ of Tea a bottle of snuff and a 
stamped handkircheif and half a bowle of tody for which I paid him 6-(i-0 
Hampsliire old Tenor and I got Baileys Dectionary from him on Credit at 
10/ Lawful and I got Hugli McCalley to help me draw our Salmon pot iip 
the bank a gi-eat Rain today 



292 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

9"' I had my brors Martaius and Tho^ McLaughlins Oxen and the boys 
and I hauled in nine pine logs on to the ways at Major Goffes Saw Mill 
and Martain had my Oxen helping him the afternoon 

IQtii Tho'* McLaughlin had my Oxen helping him all day and I Writ at 
puting the List and Warrant into the town Book 

12*'^ I finished puting them into the book and I went to Means and I hot 
2 Barrels and ^o ^ gallon of New England Rum from McGaw for which I 
paid him 44/7 Bay old Tenor 

14"^ John and jamey went to the ordination in Merrymaek and I husked 
corn and Bob & David plowed some 

15"* I husked corn and John and jamey came home in the evening 

16"* we husked out what corn was in the Barn and got word by John 
Wallace that Francis Barnet died this morning at Breakfast 

17"* I attended Francis Barnetts funeral and was a pall bearer 

19"* the boys and I took what apples we propose for Cyder being 35 
bushell to Gillmors mill and ground them and filled up 4 barrells of good 
Cydar and some more and I put on 7 pails of water on the chees and let it 
stand till morning 

20"* I cut up the Chess and put on 2 pails of water more and pressed oft' 
a barrell and ^^ more then cut up the chess again and put on another pail 
of water and pressd off to fill the last barrel and three or 4 Gallons over 
and Squire Dow paid me the ballauce of his last years Note being 5 y^ Dol- 
lars and 1}4 pistereen Intrest 

21 St ^^Q ijrot home the Cydar we have 4 barrels of Good cydar and 2 bar- 
rells and about 6 Gallon of Water cydar and it came on a cold storm of 
Rain 

22"^ John and I worked at the highways 

23'^ John and I worked at the highways and in the Evening we met at 
the school house and accepted it from Gage and I paid him my part which 
was 2 Dollars and ^i, a pistereen and Major Goft'e sent to Means and got a 
Gallon of Rum and 1 pound of Loaf Shugar to be paid by the owners 

24"* We got in the last of our corn 

26"* We husked corn 

37th ^^Q finished husking corn we have about 80 bushell of Indian that 
is Good corn and John worked for Hannah Barnett geting wood and we 
finished plowing our Indian corn ground 

28"* I went to McGregores and got % £ of Tea and a bottle of snuff 
for which I pd him 4/ Lawful 

29"* I went to james Pattersons to see about Geting the 4 bushell of Rie 
I lent him about a year ago and I had i., a mug of flip at John Bells for 
which I paid 2/ bay old Tenor 

30"* John and I worked at the highway at the causey and Diging stone 
by Al•ro^^^ns it thundered a gi-eat deal at a Distance Soutli and S : W : 
and Rained a good deal toward night and in the Evening and jamey went 
to Lieut Moors Mill and 3^^ bushell of Indian corn Ground which makes 
8 bushell we have had ground this faul of our New Indian corn 

31"' I cleaned up almost six bushell of Rie and John worked for his uncle 
at repau-ing his Cydar Mill 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 293 

NOVEMBER 

2'' we butchered a hog that weighed 134 £ and I took the list and war- 
rants to John Bell and I hot the Gun that was David Scobeys that was 
broke at a training in this town for three Dollars from Bell and am to 
answer to Scobey what is more than he owes Bell on book 

3'^ I set out for Boston and lodged at John 

4"^ I Reed 64-13-4 Bay old Tenor from him toward his note and arived 
at Boston 

5th ^ gtii f^^(^ Qji jj^j -^ay home for things and my Expences I laid out 
63-14-10 bay old Tenor and I ai-rived home the 7th in the Evening 

9th I went to McGaws and hot several Articles to the amount of 6-5-1 
bay old Tenor and paid him the money 

10"' I i^eiced the stock of the Gun I had from John Bell and Hepper 
came to our house to Taylor 

11"^ I set out for Cockermouth and lodged at Mrs Osgoods 

12*'^ I bot some articles in pennykook and went to Rob' Forsiths and 
lodged there 

13th "^as a storm of snow and Rain and I lay by 

14"» I arrived at Cockermouth and lodged at Mr James Goolds and he 
kept my horse that night 

15"' Sabath day & I sent my horse to Widow snows to be kept 

IQth went into the woods to Surveying and lodged at Esquire Brainards 
in Rumney and run lines every day the Remainder of the week 

23d & 24"' I Run hues 

25ti' 26"' and 27"' Rainey the whole time we came in the afternoon of the 
27th and concluded to Quit the work 

28"' I Destributed my stores to my landlady Goold and came to Mrs 
Snows in Plymouth and came to Rob' Forsiths and Tarryed there untill the 
first of December and while I was there I gave Forsith my 4th part of the 
lott no 74 in New Chester in the 1st Division and on the 1st of December I 
came to Mrs Osgoods and 

2'^ I arrived home about Duskish Rob' Forsith gave me about 1,^:1 bushell 
of Wheat and his wife baked a parctil of Wheat Cakes for me when I went 
up to Cockermouth My Expences and what things I bot on this jom-ney 
from I left home was 1-5-10 Lawful money of which sum I paid 3/4 for a 
tin kittle that I sold for my own money and 6/ for a gallon of Rum for 

James Goold which I got an order on the Collector 

pr day came to 6-0-0 

3" of December WAS THE GENERAL THANKSGIVEING 

4"' I went to Derryfield to see about brik 

5"' I diveded the boards of Nine logs with Samuell Goflfe that he sawed 
off II3 being the last of the logs we liauled winter was a year there was 
958 feet of my part and I got a new Shave from Proctor at 30/ Bay old 
Tenor unpaid 

7"' I went to McGregores and got }4 & of Tea and some other things to 
the amount of 3-7-0 old Tenor and paid the Money 

8"' I Run lines for Francis Diamond and was in their Disi)ute witli 
Howard 



294 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

gth J -went to McGaws and got 3 yds of wide Baize on Credit and some 
small articles to the amount of 5/10 Bay old Tenor which I paid the 
money for 

IQth I went to Newboston and lodged at Betty McOoUnms 

11"^ I settled with Andrew Walker for his note and acct and he alowed 
me Intrest on the acct from the year 1759 a 2/ pr £ untill the year 1765 
and from then 6 pr ct and his note the same Intrest the whole now 
amounts to 7-19 Lawful for which I took his note to be paid in a year 
with Intrest till paid 

13*'^ I went to Capt Daniell Moors mill and took 3 bushell of Indian corn 
with me and got it Ground and the Rie I left there 8th Instant 

14th I -went And Riin the lines of the lott no 80 a 3d Division for Ensign 
Vickere I charged 4/ unpaid 

(More pages of manuscript missing.) 

4tii I \vrit a bond from James Wallace to james Linn for his Main- 
tenance and settled the note between Capt Walker and Linn and a note 
from Martha Nimmock to Capt Walker and charged 3/ for the whole but 
they did not fix who should pay me and I settled my old acct against 
Martha Nimmock with her Daughter Esther for 111 £ of beaf she had 
from me in the year 1759 in Novbr and the ballance due to me was 9/3 
Lawful and the money was paid to John Bell Which paid my County and 
Province Rates and a pistereen over and Bell paid me the pistereen in 
cash and I went in the afternoon with Hugh Orr and altered and Ex- 
changed the highway at the east side of W'" Caldwells land agi-eeable to 
a Vote of the town 

5^'^ we butchered our large Barrow and Sow the Barrow weighed 390 £ 
and the Sow 235 £ and we met in the Evening at Mr Martains to Settle 
our school house acct and I was so much out of Case that I was obliged to 
come away presently after we began 

6th I -vvent to Deacon Walkers and him and I went to Master Sauce and 
agreed with him to be the town school master 

7th I went to McGregores and got a Gallon of Molasses and }4 £ of All- 
spice for which I paid 56/ Hampr old Tenor and I spent 10/6 Hampr old 
Tenor and I ^v^it a Deed from Tho"" Mann to John Bell of his land he bot 
of John Clark 

3th I went to John Bells and took the acknowledgement of the Deed 
from Tho^ Maun to John Bell which answers one shilling toward the Gun 
I had from him this faull. 

9*'^ John Perham hauld 1500 brick to the River from Robins for which 
he Charged me a Dollar and I Gave him my Note for 3 Dollars to be paid 
to Capt Carlton for the price of the brick and I got them over the River 
and paid 15/ old Tenor for the freght of them over the River and they 
want 9/ more 

11th I -went to the forge and got 253^ £ of Iron from W" Newman and 
I got Thomas Newman to punch a hole in the barr and make a little 
Crane and Rivet it on for a Mantel tree for our Celar chimney the 25}^ it 
came to 6-7-6 Hampr old Tenor impaid and the boys got home the last of 
the brick we got over the River the 9th 



iNIATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 295 

12*'^ I went at John Vickeres desire to Nathaniel Clarks and took the 
acknowledgement of Clai-ks wife to him of a Deed of the place in Bedford 
and of his and his Wife to Mr W" Gordon of the said place and of Vick- 
eres Wife to Clark I charged Vickere 3/ Lawful and he paid me the 3/ 
and the one for Clark he owes me 1/ for 

13"! I Began to Draw the lease from Tho"* McLaughlin to W'" Newman 
and got well forward and McLaughlin came and stoped me to have some 
new articles put into the lease and I went and put the latch on the school 
house door these two days John put up the Cellar chimney 

14tii J -went to Widow Barnetts desu-e to her house and from there with 
her to Samuell Vose to see if he would Resign his sons Legacie to her Late 
husbands Estate it snowed all day 

loth I Drawed the leases of Tho« Maclaughlius part of the forge to W"" 
Newman and it snowed all last night and uutill about the Middle of this 
Day 

16'^ The boys and I got home 3 load of wood 

18"' got three load of wood 

19"' Francis Dimond came and I Writ a deed from him of his home ■ 
place and two lotts by Howards to Aaron Gage and took the acknowledge- 
ment for which Dimond paid me 20"/ Bay old Tenor and y^ a Dollar for 
% the day I Run lines for him and Low the 8tli of Decbr last being Lows 
part his own part I allowed for a small pair of stillards I had from him 
several years ago 

21"' I took the acknowledgement of a Deed for Tho'' Mason the Deed 
was from Clark to him The Acknowledgement Mann is to pay in smith 
work and james McClure and Samuell Morrison came to our house to 
Make Shoes 

22'' james Martain had my oxen helping him to Draw logs to the River 

23'' Bob went to Capt Moors mill vrith 2 bushell of Corn and 2 of Rie 
and james and I got wood and John Thrashed 

25"' and 26"' I made heels and a small last for our Alexander and John 
Thrashed 

27"' I went to McGaws and got Yz £ of Tea and 2X yards of Cromble- 
teen and 6 ounces of bees wax from but paid no money for the things for 
McGaw was not at home an exceeding warm pleasant day 

28"' a snowey day and I worked at makeing lasts 

29"' at makeing lasts a very cold windy day 

30"' not so high a wind as yesterday and I went to McGregores and Got 
a Gallon of Molasses and \}i S, of Chalk and a jacknif and % a mug of 
flip for which I paid him and I got a Deerskin from him at 16/ Lawful on 
Credit and I got 3 £ of Tallow from Matthew Little for which I paid him 
a pistereen and one half 

FEBRUARY FIRST 

a Windy day and I worked some at makeing lasts and I fell an oak 
in the cleared land by Capt Walkers place and cut the top for wood 

2'' an Exceeding windy day and the snow Drifted very much and Vio- 
lent cold and james McClure and Samuel Morrison finished makeing 16 



296 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

pair of shoes for lis tliey charged 25-16-0 Hampr O : T : as they settled be- 
tween themselves Morrison is to receive 15-12-0 and McCliire 10-4-0 and 
I paid McClure 4-16-0 by 9 lasts and I owe him 5-8-0 old Tenor yet and I 
borrowed a Dollar from old Mother McLaughlin and I paid McClure two 
Dollars to give to Moses "Watts being my part toward Equiping the seen 
by Nutts against next fish time 

3<i I went to Rob' Alexanders and got 2 bushell of Rie and two of corn 
from him on er and I got it Ground at Capt Moors and got it home and I 
got a skean of silk from McGaw at 5/ bay old Tenor on Credit 

4"> I was a good deal out of case 

5"^ James Martain had my oxen helping him draw logs 

6th I -went to Rob' Alexanders and got 4 bushell of Indian corn and two 
of Rie from him and brot it to Capt Moors and got it Ground and home 
and the boys hauld wood 

gth The wind rose last night very high and continued so all day so that 
it took up large flaks of crusted snow and blowed it along it was exceed- 
ing cold 

gtii J went to Alexanders and got 6 bushell of Rie I settled with him for 
what Grain I have had from him this Winter being ten bushell of Rie and 
6 of Indian the Rie was 32/6 and the corn at 25/ Bay old Tenor came to 
23-15-0 and I paid him 6-15-0 by 3 days Runing lines for him on the 33d 
24th and 25th of last December and I owe him 17 .=& bay old Tenor yet of 
the Grain and I got }4 £ of Tea and 7 £ of Shugar from McGaw Weighed 
off to me by Alexanders wife on Cr 

12"^ I writ a Deed from Miller janies Moor to John McConihe of his place 
and a bond of Defeazance from John McConihe to him on the Deed and I 
took the Acknowledgement of the Deed and bond both for which Moor paid 
me 4/ Lawful money and Mr Hepper came yesterday to make me a pair of 
breeches of my Wif es kniting and he finished makeing them today at noon 
and then he went home 

13''* I went to Rob' Gillmors in Goofestown for Major Goffe and ^^^-it a 
pair of Indentures for him for the child that Sarah March laid to his son 
Samuell to Rob' Gillmor but she did not come with the child to sign the 
Indentures I charged Goffe 2/ Lawful and he paid me a pistereen of it 

15"* I went to McGregores and I got a Dozen of biitons for leather 
breeches and i^ a Gallon of Rum and a Miig of Tody for which I paid him 
19/3 Bay old Tenor 

16"* Mr Hepper came to make a pair of leather breeches for me 

17"* I went out near Mr Heppers and got as much poplar stuff as ■svill 
make 18 dishes or boles and I went to Zachariah Chandlers and took the 
acknowledgement of a Deed for John Lowder from Zech for which he paid 
me a pisteereen and Mr Hepper finished makeing my breetches 

18"* I went to McGaws and got a checked Unen liandkercheif at 14/ and 
a paper of pins at 4/ and paid the Money for them and I went to John 
T homas and got 4 bushell of Rie from him which paid me for my Runing 
lines for him and McGella^Te this faul Except 5/ Bay old Tenor and I got 
it Ground at Capt Moors Mill 

20"* the boys cut and hauled with our own Oxen and horse 4 logs to the 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 297 

Majors mill for hif; son Samxiell for the plank he sawed this winter to lay 
our barn floor 

21'^t Sabathflay supposed to be the coldest Day was this Winter the Ex- 
ceeding high , 

22<i the Wind not (luit so high but the cold very Intence the boys and I 
got two load of wood 

2d'^ my bror Samuell and I went to McGregores and Capt Starke and I 
got a Gallon of Molasses ^o a Gallon of Rum and a mug of Tody from 
McGregore for which I pd him 3-14-0 Hampr old Tenor 

24"! I attended at Esquire Rands at the Pi-obate Court on acct of the 
legacie Francis Barnett left to the poor of the town my Expences was a 
Dinner and a mug of Flip the flip I pd 4/1 Bay O : T : for the Dinner un- 
paid 

• 25"! I Writ a Wart for a town meeting to be held the 10th of next march 
and I went to Deacon Walkers and he signed it and I went to John Orrs 
and sent it from there to McDuflie by his step son John Morrison 

27th I -^yent to Tho" Boies for Hugh Campbell and Writ deed from him to 
Boies of all his place Exceept one acre and a bond of Def eazance for which 
I charged 4 shillings unpd 

MARCH FIRST 

I Writ a Deed from Zechariah Chandler unpd and in the Evening the 
partners (Except my bror) that hired Mr Quinlan settled with him for 
what he has keept school vnth us since the loth of last June the time he 
began his wages came to 36 Dollars my part is 6 Dollars 

2'! I went ^vith my bror and his Sani'^ to McGregores to meet the other 
partners in the white pine timber in Amoskieg fall and waited all day but 
none of them come and Esqiir Dow came to my house and paid my wife 
9-0-4-2 Lawful money toward his and his bror jobs and Favors note 

3*1 I paid my bror Sam^ five Dollars to pay his Quarter of what is to be 
paid now for the logs in Amoskieg fall 

S"! I went to Deacon Walkers and with the other selectmen Drawed the 
Wart for the March meeting and w^e Reed from james Caldwell of his col- 
lection of Rates 0-9-9-1 and from jos Scobey 3-18-0 and the whole of the 
Remainder of Tho** Boies being 3-3-9-3- being in the whole 7-11-7 Lawful 
and lodged the Money in Deacon Walkers hand and I paid Joseph Scobey 
18/ La-\vful on Tho^ Newnnans order in writing 

4*'' I went Zechariah Chandlers and took the acloiowledgement of the 
deed that I writ the 1st Instant from Zechariah Chandler to Rob' Alexan- 
der to be paid by Alexander 

5th X went to Joseph Farmers and wi-it two Deeds at his place to Jacob 
McGaw I charged i^ a Dollar and I took the acknowledgements for McGaw 
2/ Lawful and lodged at Alexanders with McGaw 

6"^ I settled with McGaw for all I f)wed him Except what I owe him of 
the things I got for the school house which with H £ of Tea I got today 
came to 9-3-3- bay old Tenor and I paid him 10/ bay old Tenor over through 
mistake in ading it up the Writing the deed for Farmer yesterday and 



298 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

the two acknowledgemeuts whicli came to 1-17-6 bay olrl Tenor was set- 
tled iu our acct and he charged Farmer with the half Dollar 

gtii -^g gQ^^ some wood and iu the afternoon I searched about the River 
to find my Caunoe but did not find her 

9th -yy-g g.Q(-, some more wood and iu the af teriioou I found my Caunoe 
against Zechariah Chandlers land 

W^ was a town Meeting which I attended and I was chose to Attend 
the Probate court on acct of the Legacie left to the town by Francis Bar- 
nett 

11"^ I attended the Probate court at Capt Daniel Moors my Expences 
was my Dinner which cost me half a pistereen 

12"^ I writ a Daed from Benjamin Vickere and his Wife to Robert Biirns 
and Went to Vickeres and took the acknowledgement whicli Burns is to 
pay me for and Vickere paid me a Dollar and half for Runing the lott he 
sold to Burns the 14th of last December and for Runing Round the 3d 
Division no 103 on the 22d of sd December and writing the Deed today and 
I got 7 £ of Brown Shugar and 2}4 £ and 1 ounce of Loaf shugar and 3^ 
an ounce of snuff from and 1>^ £ of Tobaccafrom McGaw for which I paid 
him 2-12-0 Bay old Ten'' and I had % & of Indigo that I did not pay for 

13th I "vVrit a Will for Silas Barron and one from William Barron for 
which they paid me ^o ^ Dollar and Mr Solomon Hutchinson and I went 
over the cast of the Inventory of Capt Barrons Estate and found we had 
overcast it about 32: 13-3 Lawful money 

15* I -writ a bill of sale from Tho* Newman to his bror William and a 
power from Tho** to Martian William is to pay me 

16"^ I writ another bill of sale from Thomas Newman to his bror Will- 
iam and Will'" is to pay me and I went to Goffestowu and laid out 40 
acres of the common by penny Meadow and came and See Tho'* Newman 
and settled accts with him and there was 10/8 bay old Tenor in my fa\T 
and I forgave it and we changed Rects 

17th J waited on the Counters at John Bells that was Chose the 10th In- 
vStant to Render the town accts but all they did was to Examined the accts 
which had been Accepted by the town last March Meeting 

18*1' I Recorded the Warts for the Meeting that was held the 10th In- 
stant and the Votes of sd Meeting and John Bells acct of his constableship 
in the year 1766 and was accepted by the town the 18th of April 1769 

19"' I went to David McClearys in this town & laid out his mill yard for 
which and takeing the acknowledgement of a Deed for Capt AlP Allds 
and him paid me a Dollar and I settled my order with McCleary that I had 
on him from the Selectmen and answered all my Rates out of it and there 
was 7/7 comeing to me over and above my whole Rate and he gave me a 
Dollar of it and there is 1-7 comeing to me yet which I took his word for 
and I endorsed the back of the order to him 

20*'' I sold an Ox Yock to Zechariah Chandler for yi a Dollar unpaid and 
I went to Alexanders a writ a Deed from David McCleary of Londonderry 
to Alex'' and McGaw and 8 notes of hand for the lott no 115 3d Division I 
charged them % of a Dollar and Alex"^ is to pay me }4. and McGaw paid 
me the other by things I got as much from McGaw as came to 43/6 bay 



MATTHEW patten's DIAUY. 299 

old Tenor and his part of my paj was Discounted and I paid him the over- 
phis being 28/6 bay old Tenor 

22'^ I went to Col Goflfes and left an order there for Lieut Vose to get 
the weights and measures from Noah Parker that I bot from him for the 
town in March 1771 and after I came home I new Drawed the articles be- 
tween the partners in the forge for which I charged ^^ of a Dollar unpaid 

23'' my bror and I and Capt John Moor went to Capt Starks and got a 
Quit claim of half the logs in Anioskieg and from there to Col Goffes 
falls and I got a Gallon of Molasses and % an ounce of snuff and tobacca 
and my Expences at McGregores was 3-10-0 Hampshire old Ten' and I 
gave Samuell McFarland a summons to call witnesses to an arbitration at 
Lieut Sam'' Voses next Tuesday being the 30th Instant 

24**1 I ^Yent and cut a Walnut tree on Widow Barnetts and Split it in 
Quarters and brot home Enough for a pair of Ox bows 

25"i I got a new Shave from Mr janies Martin toward what he owes me 
it was a N : E : storm of Rain in the afternoon and Night following 

26"' John and I went and We hewed and Shaved 22 ax handles of the 
stick of Walluut I cut the 24th and another pair of Oxbows 

27"' I gave Timothy Johnson a Summons for Enoch Page in his Case 
with Samuell McFarland for which he pd me 7/9 bay old Ten'^ 

29th -^j ijj-or Samuell and I and our boys and oxen went and Twitched 
in what logs we had at Major Goffes saw Mill and I writ a power of 
attorney from Thomas Newman to Capt John Moor and took the acknowl- 
edgement unpaid 

SO"* I went to Lieiit Voses to Enoch Pages and Samuel McFarlands 
Arbitration and swore 11 Evidences and I was in McFarlands summons 
as a Witness I got liome about Midnight 

31"' Was the annual March Meeting the town chose John Bell Town 
Clerk and 1st Selectmen and Lieiit Little the 2d and janies Aiken the 3d 
and he Would not serve and then they chose Adam Dickey in his Room 
but Dickey Refused to be Sworn uiitill he could consider further I swore 
Bell as Clerk but they did not ask me to Swear any other of the ofi&cers 

APRIL FIRST 

I attended at Esquii-e Rands at the Probate Court on acct of Francis 
Barnetts Will and John Bell came to Col Goffes to be sworn a selectman 
and the Coll called me to Swear him which I did and afterward Adam 
Dickey came but would not be sworn untill farther consideration and 
janies Patterson came and Desired to be Qualified surveyor of Lumber and 
I swore him my Expences was 4/1 bay old Tenor 

2*' I paid John Perham four dollars three of them was for 1 ^4 thousand 
of brick I bot from Robins and was to be pd to Mr Carlton for which I 
gave my Note for said Carlton to John Perham but Perham had not a note 
with him to give me up but promised to take my Name from it and the 
other dollar was for his hailing the brik to the River at Col Gott'es the 
note was given the 9tli of last January the day the brick was hauld 

S"^ I worked at the highway by seabeens brook on the River and Riming 
about a Mile and half of the line between Merryniac and Bedford to know 



300 iMATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

whether any of the bridge over the brook is in Bedford but there was 
none of it in Bedford 

5* Thomas Newman Made a new shoe for my horses fore foot of my 
Iron and steeled the toe of another with his steel and made Nails to set 
the two and the afternoon I worked at turning off logs with Ca|:)t Moor 
and my brors 3 sons 

(More pages of manuscript missing.) 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM THE 19th OF APRIL 1773 

Including a part of said day 

and I paid Samuel Morrisons bror who he sent there 9-12-0 Hampshire 
old Tenor Which with a dollar I paid himself the 20th of last March made 
the whole I owed him for his makeing Shoes this last Winter and I sent 
by the same youngster 5-8-0 Hanipr old Tenor to James McCliu-e which 
with what lasts I made him paid all I owed him for makeing Shoes for us 
this last Winter 

20"' I was apprizing Francis Barnetts Estate along with Major Goffe 
and Capt John Moor 

31^' I attended the adjournment of the March meeting and I swore Lieut 
Little and Adam Dickey as selectmen and William Caldwell as Constable 
and his Father james Caldwell Collector 

and and and james Caldwell and John Bell Surveyors of Highways and 
I went about sun Set to Zechariah Chandlers Barn Raising and I paid 
Master Quinlan a Dollar toward his keeping school 

23'! I went to Goffestown and bot a i^air of oxen from Mr SaA\^"er for 
Soig Dollars the half dollar is on condition that the oxen hold out to do 
my spring work well if not it is to be but the 35 Dollars and John brot 
them home who went With me for that pui'iwse and I went and Run 
lines &c for Capt Karr in the afternoon and lodged at his house the night 
following 

23'! I went and Run Round the peice of land by Catamount brook Which 
had been laid out to John Wentworths Right for Esquire Blodgett and I 
gave him the Riming of it and came home that Night 

24th ^yp sheled out 4 bushell of Corn and I went to the ponds and I 
catched 4 pickerel 

26"' I with Major Goffe and Capt John Moor finished apprizeing Francis 
Barnetts Estate and -went to Col Goffes and attested to the apprizement 
and John went to McGaws and Got a Gallon of MoUasses and seven 
pounds of shugar on Credit and afterward he went to Capt Daniel Moors 
mill and Got the Corn Ground that we sheled out the 24th and Bob and 
our 4 Oxen helped William Barnett to plough up Grass land 

27th I w^ent to McGaws and 21^.3 Quarts of Rum and one half a pound of 
Tea for which I paid him 24/ bay old Tenor and I paid him 40/ bay old 
• Tenor for the things John Got there yesterday 

28"' I went to Richard MacAllesters to measure some land off his place 
to his son John but he was not at home and I came home without doing it 
and I took Sa^vyers ox Yock that I had to bring the Oxen home in last 



MATTHEAV PATTEN's DIARY. 301 

week to Piscataqiiog River between the bridge and Lieut Littles and I see 
Sa-\vyer there and told him of it 

29''* I writ two Deeds from Zechariah Chandler one was to Whitefield 
Gillmor and the other was to Samuell Tnrrill jnnr of the lott 16 in the Gth 
Rang and I went to Heppers and took Hannah Miirphys examination of 
her being a bastard child she swore it on one Philip Felix and came to 
Richard McAllesters and waited till near Night to lay off the land I went 
there to lay off yesterday but he was from home and I did not do it and 
John let William Newman have five bushell of potatoes 

30*'* I drawed a Warrant on the Examination I took yesterday and dated 
it yesterday because I agreed to give one yesterday 

MAY FIRST 

I got a poiiud of Butter from Thomas Boies toward wliat he is to pay 
me on Hugh Campbells acct and I hewed out two Ax handles out of the 
Stock I cut this spring at Widow Barnetts 

S"! I went to the Cedar swamp and got two three net poles and Capt 
Stark agreed with W™ Karr that if he would Give me a shad he would 
give him one tomorrow they catched 3 Salmon and 13 Shad at the falls 
today and I got 2 hundred clapboard nails and a pair of small 1 £ at 
McGregores on credit 

4"i I got a Shave from Mrs Newman for which I am to give her potatoes 
and I got a shear mould from Thomas McLaughlin it weighed 39}^ £ 
toward what he owes me on acct of Fly Netts 

5"i I went to the River on Major Goffes Notice to help ty on the Scene 
but the owners did not come and I waited till toward night and I writ a 
letter to job Dow on acct of some Abuse he gave His Wife Sister Lamb 

6"' In the afternoon eleven of the owners hung the scene and began to 
Draw a little before sunsett and drawed till nine or ten o Clock and 
catched 67 Shad in all we had 6 apeice we had 3 Quarts of Rum I paid 2 
Coppers for W"^ Newman and Goffe owes me 2 for want of change the 
wholl I pd was was 7 coppers 

7"^ I Run lines for Timothy Ferin and Ensign Moses Kelley and writ 
a Deed from Ferin to him and took the acknowledgement for which I 
charged a Dollar Kelley paid his half and a shilling over and I paid it to 
David Sa^vyer toward the oxen I had from him the 22d of last April 
I Drawed and order to him on Timothy Feavor for 9-4-0 and I gave him 
a note for 1-6-0 and what I Reed from Kelley that I paid him is Endorsed 
on the back of the note 

8"^ I sowed a bushell and a half of flaxseed and I went to the falls and 
I got 30 shad and jamey fished at the scene being the first day I had this 
year and got 170 shad and I Ijorrowed 30 from Hacket that he could not 
get home and james Martin made a nose for a Salmon pott of his Iron 

10"' I fished at the faulls and I got 135 shad and my bror Sam" and I 
got 21 £ of Salmon and 11 Shad out of the pot by setting 
11"^ I got 100 Shad at the falls and 100 at the Scene 
12»t> I got 70 Sliad at & falls 



302 MATTHEW patten's DIAIIY. 

18"^ I got 280 shad at the falls aud the boys got 60 at the Scene and we 
got 30 at the Setting place between my bror and me and 3^ a Salmon 

14th J got 90 Shad 

15th X got 43 shad at the falls and the boys got 74 at the Scene we got 
100 Ells this week I let Robert Richardson have a peck of seed corn for 
which he paid me a pistereen my expences since I was at the falls has 
been 1-7-4 Hampshire old tenor I fished at the falls untill the 10th of June 
which day I came home the 5th 7th 8th and 9th & 10th Ave worked at our 
new place for Ells the No of shad we Got this fish time I don't know we 
have 11 M barrel of shad now at home and 170 salt shad sold off and we 
have about 2 barrell of Ells my Exigences since the 15th of May I dont 
know The boys among them have sold about 14 or 15 Dollars worth of fish 

11* 12th & 14th ^ye all wed at the Corn 

15"' I went to Divide off Joseph Palmers part that he purchased from 
Moses Senter but sloped at MacGregores all day the officers of Col Goffes 
Rigiment met there today 

16"> I Divided Farmers Estate off to him & writ a Deed and a bond and 
Farmer pd me 6/ 8 LaAvf ull for my service my Expences yesterday and to- 
day for liquor snuff ferryage &c was 3-18-0 Hampshire old Tenor 

17"^ to writing a Deed for Capt Walker to Eleaz' Emersons Wife 

18"^ I went to Mr Tuttles in Goffestown to divide the peice of land at 
the Crooked falls on Piscataqiiog for him and the other owner but did not 
do it & run some (ither lines for him I charged him 4/ La: Mo: unpd and I 
^XTit a deed from W'" MaDoel to Henry Dow mcdoel paid me 2/ for that 
and other writings and Dow owes me for the acknowledgement 

22'^ I Vendued Francis Barnetts personal Estate and I bot a Draft Chain 
and a squar table a Scyth and four peices of plow plate and Tate and 
Brady psalm book came to 19-8-0 Hampshire O: T: 

23*1 I spent the day at the widows 

24*^ I went to Goffestown and Run Roiiud the lott no 6 in the north 
Rang on the River for Peter Herriman for which he paid me a Dollar and 
I took the acknowledgement of two Deeds one for Jese Karr which I gave 
him and the other for Rob* McAUow for which he pd me a shilling Law- 
ful and I lodged at Capt Karrs at free coast my Expences at Kelleys on 
this tour was 5/ Bay old Tenor 

25"' I came to Ensn Kelleys aud I Drawed a plan of his land on the 
South side of the highway and he treated me to a bowle of tody aud my 
Dinner and my Wife sent to McGaws aud got j4 £ of snuff and a pound of 
Loaf Shugar on Credit 

26"' I finished a pail for ourselves and I went and got Martain to make 
8>^ £ of plow plates and I got the Shear and Colter and bolt that he made 
for me the Shear Colter and bolt weighed Slfo £ I found the mold aud the 
Iron for the bolt and all the plates but one he Steeled the shear with his 
Steel the Colter has none on it he proposes to alow me the price of what 
Iron I found and charge me the price of made work 

28"' I went to McGregores to help to Divide Widow Godfreys 3ds be- 
tween Esquire Blodget and McGregore but they could not agree and we 
did not do anything toward Dividing and I bot a pair of Specticles from 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 303 

Molly McGregore for which I paid two pistereeus aurl I ^^Tit a Deed and 
took the ackiiowledgeiueiit from John Dunlap to joshua Tolford and we 
got among us three Salmon I got one that weighed 10 £ 

29"' we got 9 Salmon I got 3 that weighed 40 £ 

;30"> in the afternoon I went to the Raising of Lieut Littles Mill and we 
got 5 salmon I got two that weighed 20 £ 

JULY FIRST 

I got 1 Salmon that weighed 10 £ & I pd Mr Quinlan a Dollar which 
paid him all my part for his keeping school here and six shillings Bay old 
Tenor over which I gave him and I paid old Mrs Maclaughlin a Dollar 
toward the tow cloath I had from her this spring and on the 2d I went to 
McGaws and I got j4 £ of snuff which was paid by a mistake of an acct 
last spring and I got a galon of Rum and X of a hundred of Rice on credit 
and the boys hayed at Widow Barnetts and the day before 

3<^ I went to Widow Barnetts myself and my bror and I Divided v.'hat 
hay the boys got in cocks & my brors John brot my part home at Evening 
with their oxen being 12 cocks and David went to Esqr Blodgetts and 
got 2 bushell of rie and he left two bushell of Indian corn there that they 
did not grind for want of Water 

5th I -^yent in the afternoon to the Raising of james Martains house and 
Tho« McLaughlin and I catched nine Salmon one was boiled and eat for 
Supper and the other 8 Martaiu & McLaughlin & I Divided and I got my 
divid of all the salmon that has been catched since the first instant I had 
five that weighed 62 £ as my share of the 8 aforesaid and we Settled with 
Major Goffe to take him in partner and Goffe is to pay me 30 £ of Salmon 
to make up my Damage I sustained by his bad conduct these 2 years i)ast 
and I tarried all night and came home the next morning 

6"' I Drawed our fishing agreement in Writing and the boys worked at 
Hannah Barnetts place they helped their uncle the Greater part of the 
day and they brot home a load of hay of their geting it makes 21 cocks 
they have got from there in all this year and 23 cocks for the widow And 
Tho" Newman gave me a fore Quarter of Veal that weighed 13 £ 

7"' in the evening We got two Salmon that weighed 21 pound and I had 
them which makes me 15 £ ahead of Mar tain 

S"' I w^ent to Amherst to the Sessions and I carried the two Salmon we 
got yesterday with me and Smith had one and Cuttler had the other I had 
2/6 pr £ for them they came to 2-14-4 bay old Tenor they weighed 21 ^4 £ 
and I sit in the Sessions and I took two depositions for Lieut John Parker 
and one for Gilbert McCay I charged half a Dollar for each of them to pay 
and McCay paid me a pisteereen toward his )^ dollar 

d^^ I sit in the Sessions and at Evening they were adjourned to the 3 
Tuesday in August next and I tarried iintill next day 

10"! I came home my Expences was 2-15-6 bay old Tenor and I bot a 
bell for my Sheep for which I paid a pistereen and while I was gone Mar- 
tain got 42 £ of Salmon and we got 12 and one of 10 £ they lent to Tlio^ 
McLaughlin 

12"' this morning I got 36 £ of Salmon and Martain got two that 



304 MATTHEW patten's DIAIIY. 

weighed £ aud I gave W'" Morrow one half of a Sahiioii that weighed 23^3| 
aud the other half I gave to my hror Sam" and I got two Syths from Dea- 
con Gillmor on Credit which I Expect will be Settled in my acct ^vith his 
son James and I got Y^ a Salmon more that weighed 5 £ and Martain 
tother I., and I gave my half to Ensign Patterson 

14*'^ there "Was a Good Refreshing Rain last night and several showers 
went Round bnt none came here I bent 3 ox bows and a Scoop nett bow 
we conld do nothing with the hay & our Taz cow took Biill and I "svrit a 
deed from Lieut Sam^' Gregg to james McCurdy of his place above Amos- 
Ivieg Falls 

16"' I went to McGaws and I g(5t 7 £ of shugar and a pound of snuif for 
which I paid him a Dollar and I got j^ a thousand of board nails on credit 
and I had a bowle of Tody for which I paid him six pence Lawful and the 
boys finished mowing the meadow at home 

17**^ I took tow cloath to Heppers to make me two pan* of britches and I 
got some White ash for Scoope net bows and the boys plowed among the 
corn and Raked some hay 

19"' I went to Hugh Orrs and I writ a Deed from William Barron to 
Hugh Orr of the Meadow lott no 31 & 32 and I took the acknowledgement 
all unpaid and in the afternoon Barron and I came to james Pattersons 
and I Run the lines of the meadow lott no 43 and writ a Deed of it to Pat- 
terson from Barron and took the acknowledgement unpaid and my John 
and my brors Sam" and John mowed at Widow Barnetts for me toward 
Evening it looked like fowle weather and the boys left off mowing before 
night and Bob went to McGaws and got a Gallon of Rum and half a pound 
of Tea on credit and janiey and him got in the last of the hay of oui- o\\t:i 
meadow 

20"' the boys and I went to Widow Barnetts and we Raked up what the 
boys mowed in the forenoon and then it began to wet and we could not get 
up what the mowed the afternoon and I -writ another Deed from Lieut 
Gregg to james McCurdy and he paid me 2/ for the two Deeds and I took 
the acknowledgement and would not take any pay for it from McCurdy 

21^1 I butchered our motle Cows calf it weighed 49 £ and the boys and I 
went to widow Barnetts and workt at the hay 

22 & 23'! We workt at the hay at widow Barnetts and we got all in cock 
and we Carted in 23 cocks for them and 9 we brot home and loaded 9 more 
and Sett the Cart in the Barn over night and it came on Rain 

24tii ^yg i^rot home the load that was on the cart we left 31 cocks stand- 
ing in the field and my Wife sold 20 shad fish to William Killsey and took 
a Dollar and 5 to Deacon Rob' White and took one fourth of a Dollar for 
them and Since I have been at widow Barnetts my Wife put of 40 Shad to 
James Greggs Wife of Newboston for four yards of linin cloath and 10 she 
gave her she brot us 2 Quarters of Veal a present and I took the acknowl- 
edgement of a Deed from Zechariah Chandler to Whitefield Gillmor and 
the acknowledgement from Chandler to Sanmel Turrill Junior and they 
both paid me and Turrill paid me 1/6 old Tenor toward the acknowledge- 
ment of a Deed from his father to him and Chandler paid me for 's\Titing 
both the Deeds they were ■writ last April 



MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. . 305 

26"' johu and Bob and I went to widow Barnetts and took in 15 cocks 
and we brot 7 cocks home and John and Bob went back there and tarried 
all iiiffht there is nine cocks to bring- home in the morning and I took the 
acknowledgement of a Deed for Capt Stinson and would not take anything 
for it the Deed was from Capt Allds 

27"^ I sent David to McGaws and sent a Dollar he brot a Gallon of Rum 
and I sent word to send no change but to give me credit for it and we 
Reaped 10 1.^ stook of Rie and took in 13 Stooks and two sheaves into the 
barn 

28"' Charles Black came and Reaped for me while I ^\Tit a Deed from 
Capt Daniell Moor to him of the lott he lives on and a Deed from him to 
John McConihe of the same and a Bond of Defeazance from McConihe to 
him We Reaped 18 stooks 

29th ^;^^^ finished Reaping in the forenoon and got it all in we lack a 
sheaf of 40 stooks in the whole and we Carted in the flax we have 62 Stook 
of flax and we went to the Little Meadow after Dinner and began to Mow 
the first of our mowing there this year we mowed 13 cocks 

30"' we mowed and Raked hay at the meadow the Boys lay in the 
meadow and I lay at Mr Caldwells the last night and yesterday David got 
a Gallon of Rum and foiir pound of Cotton from McGaw on Credit 

31**' we mowed and Raked and and Bob came home last night and him 
and David took home a jag of hay the Rest of us lay in the meadow we 
got up 57 cocks in all we Raked up 4 cocks that must be shaked out again 
the Rest is well hayed 

AUGUST 2d & 3d 

I made a sett work wooden Bottle that held a Gallon on the 2d the boys 
brot home one load of hay and on the 3^^ 2 load 4"' the boys brot home one 
load of hay which was all that we have in cock but two or three and I 
shaved and bent five scoop uett Bows and we Shelled out two Bushell of 
corn 

4"' I went and Round Round the meado^y lott no 9 in the Great Meadow 
for Gau Riddell for which he paid me one half a Dollar and Bob went to 
McGaws and Got a Gallon of Rum on Credit and-'john and jamey came to 
the meadow and began to mow in the Biu-nt lott and I came and lay in 
the meadow with them the at night 

5"' my brors Sam^i came to mow for me and we mowed the forenoon 
and it Rained so hard and appeared like a Storm that we left off at Noon 
and came home 

6"' Cloudy all day we plowed our cow yard and sowed it with Turnip 
seed and I WTit a Deed from Zechariah Chandler to Geo Cowen of 2/5 of 
No 22 in the 5th Range for which lie paid me a Shilling Lawful and I 
took the acknowledgement ff;r Cowen and I ^vTit a deed of sd lott from 
George to his mother and took the ac^knowledgement and it answered to 
his mother for her bsing an Evidence when Mr Houston prosecuted my 
wife being i;,' a Dollar 

7"' Bob and David began to plow in the lieLl by my brors & I worked at 
20 



306 ]MATTHEW PATTEX'8 DIARY. 

a pail and John and jamey went to the meadow in the afternoon and 
turned the hay we mowed the 5th and mowed 4 cocks 

9"^ we Raked up the hay at the meadow and got home a load out of the 
Burnt lott we have 25 cocks in it this year we Raked up 43 in no today 
but they were small cocks 

10"' a considerable Rain in the fore part of the day and it cleared up in 
the after part of the day and John and jamey and I went to the meadow 
and mowed a few cocks and lay in the meadow all night 

11"> we mowed the fore part of the day and Shaked out 12 cocks of what 
we Raked the 9th and jamey Patterson and his bror Nath" came after 
dinner & we all raked untill night and got all into cock that -we had 
mowed and Bob and David took home two load today 

12"^ the Pattersons staid over night and helped us till the middle of the 
forenoon and we finished mowing Exceept some picking in the Governor 
lott and Bob and David took home two load today and Pattersons got 
what Grass seed could be Reaped off of what was to mow when they come 
to us yesterday and we put it all in cock 

13"* I had my brors old Oxen and Cart and I brot nine cocks home with 
them in the forenoon and Bob brot honie another and I went and brot 
hom a load in the Evening the Night following was a heavy Rain the 
latter part of the night 

14"' Rained very hard sometime in the morning 

16"' I brot home two load of hay from the meadow and the boys Dryed 
the hay 

17"' we had my brors young Oxen and brot home 14 cocks which was 
the last but the pickings among the bushes and I went to Amherst to the 
Sessions and sit in them 

IS"* I attended the Sessions 

19"' I came home in the forenoon my Expences was 1-18-1 Bay old 
Tenor I bot % £ of Tea and % £ of peper and % ounce of snuff from Esqr 
Guttler for which I paid him 1-6-2 Bay old Tenor and I paid /lO Bay old 
Tenor to David Ramseys man for mending my stirrup leather which I 
broke as I got to Hildi-eths • 

20"* William Morrow came and got 60 shad fish which I gave him on 
acct of his Right in Nutts Scene that I got of him which I gave him more 
than my bargain 

2P' John Warren got 40 Shad for which he paid me two Dollars and he 
paid me another Dollar and is to get 20 sliad more for it and I made of 
a pail for Mrs Mar tain and my wife took it to her and jamey and Bob 
thrashed Rie and Jacob Hepper got 30 shad on Credit 

23<i I went to McGaws and got a pound of sniift" and a pair of shears 
and 2 Gimblets and % of a pound of Cotton for which I paid 42/ Bay old 
Tenor and I got an Ivory Comb on Credit of 7/ Bay old Tenor price and 
I wont to the little meadow and we began to clear in the Governor lott 

24"' I qualified Hiigh Orr a Surveyor of highways and I went to job 
Dows mill and got 3 biishell of Rie Ground and I had H a bowle of tody 
for which I paid -3 bay old Tenor and Tho" Nt'wman put a hoop on each 
of our pudding pann Kittels and would charge nothing for them 



MATTHEW TATTEN's DIAEY. 307 

25*'^ janiey and I cleared at the little meadow and Martha Mclnnosh got 
47 shad and pd 5-6-0 Bay old Tenor for them and my wife gave her 6 
more a present and Bob and David plowed in the field by my brors 

26"^ My wife let David Sawyer have 30 shad and 10 £ of Salmon which 
pd up the last of the note for the oxen I bot from him the 22d of last April 
being two Dollars and jamey and I cleared at the little meadow and Bob 
and David plowed in the field by my brors 

27"' jamey worked all day at the highway by Tho" Lances and I was 
half a day at the bridge by Zechariah Chandlers and it came on Rain that 
we left oft" and I shaved hoops for two iiails in the afternoon 

28"' I worked at the bridge by Chandlers all day and I found 250 feet of 
pine plank to Cover it and we spread our flax in my Brors Meadow 

30"' I pd Rob* McGregQre all I owed him being 7/ 10 Lawful and I had 
2}4 £ of Loaf shugar from him for which I paid him i^ a Dollar and I had 
2^ yards of Brown Broadcloath from him on trust at 3 Dollars pr yard 
and I had a bowle of tody for which I paid 12/ Hanip' old Tenor and Ensn 
Benjamin Vickere got 10 Shad to be paid in Indian Corn 

31^' I finished makeing a pail for Steven Frenches wife and my wife 
carried it to her and I paid james Houstous son John 25/ Bay old Tenor 
toward the 4 turning hooks he made our Bob 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

I got 7 £ of shugar and 2 Dozn of Coat and a Dozu of jacoat Bottons and 
2 sceaus of Mohair and S^o yds of ferrit from McGaw on Credit came to 
2-14-3 Bay old Tenor and John McClary paid my wife 5 Dollars for shad 
fish and got away 40 and he has 60 more to get 

2'i I paid james Houstous son John 1 7/6 Bay old Tenor toward the four 
turning hooks he made for Bob and I went to the meadow to help the 
boys towai'd night and I Cut my left legg with the breaking up hoe 

3"^ I went to Dows mill and got 1 ^4 bushell of Rie Ground and I had 3^ 
a bowle of tody at Kelleys and i^ bowle att Dows for which I paid 14 
a pistereeu and I paid my brors Betty 3-16-6 Bay old Tenor for 4)^' yards 
of Cloath called Scy to line the coat I am about to get made 

4th I -^yrif fj, Deed from Henry Dow to Stephen Tuttle and took the 
a(;knowledgenient for Tuttle both unpaid and I was so much out of case 
with the Cut I got on my leg last Thursday tliat I could not move all day 

6"' Mr Hepper came to make the coat that I got the cloath at 
McGregores the 30th of last month and I writ a Deed from Samuell 
Rankin to Daniell Moor Capt and took the acknowledgement both uuiod 
and I lay by mth the Cut on my leg and jamey and Bob worked at the 
County Road 

7"' John jamey and Bob workt at the County Road and I sent to 
MacCxn 'gores (By my brors Betty) and got ^^^ o^ Tea a Skean of Silk 
and a quarter of a yard ( )f buckram on credit 

8"' jamey and Bob worked at the County Road bridge 

9"' I went to McGaws and got 28 Black jett jacoat buttons for which 
I paid him one Shilling lawfull money and the boys tyed and Shocked 
what stalks v.'ere cut and there was a heavy shower of Rain just at night 



308 3IATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

10*'' I went to MacGregores and I got a Gallon of Rum for which I paid 
a pistereen and 2 coppers 

11"' I went along with Capt Daniell Moor and Lient David Poor to 
assist in Runing the line between their home lott (viz) No 47 & 48 Capt 
Moor is to pay me a pistereen and a half for my service and Sam'' 
McKillnp cutt and sowed up the Quarters of my shoes and Ensn Benja- 
min Vickere got 50 Shad and is to be paid in Corn and Cornet John 
Graham got 40 Shad to be paid next Wednessday at Amherst 

13*'' I wrrit a Deed from james Barr to his son James of the Easterly 
half of his place and I took the acknowledgement for which young james 
paid me 2/ La : Mo : and he gave me two shillings more to pay the 
Regording and sent the Deed with me to Amherst to give to the Recorder 
And I went to Amherst to help Examin the County accts 

14"' On the business of Examining the Goal accts 

15*'' the Sessions met by adjoiu-nment but we could not get the accts 
gone through by Reason of the Superiour Coiu't sitting and the sessions 
was adjourned without Day 

16*'' I stayed and heard the Tryal of Isreal Wilkens for Killing his father 
Isreal being the first Capital Tryal in the County he was found guilty of 
manslaughter he was Branded next day with the letter T on the right hand 

17*'' I Retiu'ued home I bot a pound of snuff from a peddler for which I 
paid 20/3 Bay old Tenor and I bot an ounce of Snuff and 6 Biskuit for 
which I paid 5 Bay old Tenor my Expenees was 2-14-0 Bay old Tenor and 
I writ a Deed from Chandlers heii- to John Morrison of the half of 
McDugal lott so called and took the aclviiowledgemeut for which Enos 
Bradford paid me 2/ Lawi'ull and Parker Emerson Summoned me in Lieut 
Poor and Capt Moors case and gave me a quarter of a Dollar and Matthew 
Little paid me two shillings to pay for the Recording the Deed he gave his 
Bror james Daugliters 

18*'' David McCleary Senr came and got 60 shad his son John paid for 
them the 1st day of this Instant 

20*'' I writ a deed from Henry Dow to William White Senr of Dows 
land at penny Meadow and I took the acknowledgement all unpaid and I 
went to james Willsons in Newboston and got a bushell of Winter Wheat 
to Sow for which I paid him a Dollar 

21"* I attended the Vendiie of the personall Estate of Francis Barnett 
and I bot 12 Cydar barrels at 1/ each and an old pair of leather Breeches 
7/6 and I tarryed all night it was near morning before we broke up 

22'* I came home in the forenoon and I sowed two bushell of Rie in the 
field by my brors 

23*' I finished sowing the field by my brors I sowed five bushell and 
about a peck of Rie in it and I took my oxen to Silas Walkers to Pasture a 
little before night 

24*'' My Oxen came home themselves 

27*'' I went to Daniell McFarlands to try to get my oxen pastured 

28*'' I took my oxen as far as Samuell McFarlands and he promised to 
take them to his Brors that Evening and I took the last of our Indian 
corn being 1%, bushell and 4 Quarts to Patees mill and got it Ground 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 309 

29"! I went along with John Neal to Goffestown to help apprize the 
Right of laud that was Major Blauchards which he took possession of for 
Col Mixilton Parker Emerson was the sheriff and Sani'i Richards of Goffes- 
town and Ephraini Emerson of Wear was the other two apprizers 

30"' I got home in the afternoon Neal is to pay me he bore my Expences 
and I got Jese Karr to steel the toes of mj horses fore shoes and sett 
them for which I paid them 1 shilling Lawful 

OCTOBER FIRST 

I got David Moor to sole my pumps he found all I worked for him while 
he was mending and which answered for his sowing them on the soles he 
charged which I paid 3 or 3 years ago by Runiug lines 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM OCTOBER FIRST 1773 

2'' We settled our School house accts among the partners we Reed 
Stephen French and Zechariah Chandler in full shares with us that built 
it each of our parts in cash was 23 £ Hanip"^ Old Tenor and each part in 
Labour & stuff was 31-3-0 Hamp"^ old Tenor the bricks for the chimneys 
was not Reckoned we have them to Settle yet 

4"^ the boys and I got in corn and put up husks &c 

5"^ Hugh Ramsey got 40 shad whicdi makes 160 in all this Summer for a 
Saddle and bridle from his son David that he is to get for me and Mrs 
Hopper got 6 shad and we husked corn and plowed 

6"' I sowed the bushell of wheat I got at james Willsons and about 13 
quarts of Rie and we got in corn the afternoon 

7th I went to Aiiiherst and attended the Sessions and Examined att the 
Goall accts 

8*'^ I Examined att the Treasurers accts and attended the Sessions 

9"' I came home and got one half a pound of Tea from Lieut Baldwin 
for which I paid 16/ Bay old Tenor and two pound of redwood from 
Esquire Cuttler for w^hich I paid 3/6 Bay old Tenor and in comeing home I 
got a pound of snuff from Alex'' Brown for which I paid 30/ Bay old 
Tenor my Expences was 31/ Bay old tenor 

ll»'i I coppyed at off what Lieut John Parker had of a new play Visions 
Dreams &c 

12"^ I went to Londonderry with Capt Daniell Moor to sit in a Refer- 
ance in his case and Lieut Daniell Poors met at David Craigs and began 
the business and lodged there 

13"' there all day on the affair and and we all agreed in judgment and 
finished and broke iip about two of the Clock in the morning and lodged 
there that night the Other Referees was Mr Rob' Young of New Salem 
and Nathaniel Peabody Esquire of Atkinson we the Referees gave the 
partys a treat of half a Dollar Esqr Peabody and I had 2j4 Dollars each 
And Robert Young had three Dollars for his notifieing the partys of the 
time and place of hearing and Returning the Rule 

14th jj^y Expences last night was at Craigs was /9 Lawful and I came to 
Col Hollands w^ho invited me to breakfast which I accepted and came 
home in the Evening and I brot home about a bushell and a half of spring 



310 ]NrATTHEW patten's DIARY, 

wheat from W'" Morrows which Rob' Forsith sent a present to me by him 

IS'i^ jamey and I went to the Little Meadow and biu-ned the brush we 
cleared this faiill 

16''^ I sent by John a little more than a bushell of new Indian corn being 
the first this year and a biishel and a half of Rie to Capt Moors Mill and 
got the Indian ground 

18*^ we diged potatoes and John sett off for Coos 

igih I "vvent to Capt Moors to get the Rie ground but could not for want 
of Water and the boys got two load of Wood 

20"' we diged potatoes and I writ a deed from John Parker Junr to his 
Bror Matthew of his place in Litchfield and took tlie acknowledgement 
to be paid in money or Grain the first time I am at his house 

21 St "vye finished diging potatoes we have a small crop 

22*1 I went to McGaws and got 7 £ of shugar and paid 25/ Bay old 
Tenor for it and I paid McGaws wife 38/ Bay old Tenor on Stephen 
Frenches acct toward his part of the school house and my bror paid me 
his part that remained toward the school house being 55/ Bay old Tenor 
and I paid it to McGaws wife at the same time being in the whole 4-13-0 
Bay old Tenor and I went to McGregores and I got ^ £ of Tea and a Dozen 
of small needles and three Darning needles for which I paid 44/2 Hamp'' 
old Tenor 

23'i I sowed three bushell of rie on the land I had in corn this year and 
William Morrow brot me a Barrel of vinigar from Rob* McMurphys and I 
let him have a Barrel full of shad fish containing 106 he found the barrel 
to put the Vinigar in and he has the barrel the fish is in for it he is to pay 
the fish in Corn they came to five dollars and a pistereen I answer his 
ferryage and I gave him share of a bowle of Cherry tody at Rands 

25"' I sowed a bushell of Rie on the land where the corn grew this year 
and I went to Ensin Kelleys with John Neal to see to help to settle about 
the land he attached for Col Moulton in Goffestown they chose 2 new 
apprisers (viz) Ensn Kelley and Benj" Stevens and left me and Mr Emer- 
son out and I swore them Lieut Patte and Phillip Farren paid the Expen- 
ces they provided a Good Dinner and good Tody 

26"' I writ a petition for Hannah Barnett and my bror Sam'i to the 
judge of Probate unpd 2/ and I vrrit a Deed from Zechariah Chandler to 
Patrick Murfay and others unpd and I sowed allmost j4 a bushell of Rie 
and I went to John Bells and got the 4 bushell of Rie that jamey Patterson 
owed me it is about two year ago that I lent it to him to Sow 

27"' I finished Sowing what was in Indian corn of the old land I sowed 
there six bushell and about a peck and I made out my acct to Moses Bar- 
ron for my apprizeing his fathers Estate and for my helping to make the 
Coffin it amounted in the wholl to 4-18-0 La'svful money 

28"' I went to McGaws and I got )4 a Gallon of Rum and pd a pistereen 
for it and I had a yard of Tamey on credit and I came to the little 
meadow to Run the lines between jamey Smith and me we run the line 
between us in the westerly tier of lotts but we could not agree to Run 
line in the Easterly tier he would have the overmeasure which his plan 
did not give him but it give it me Alex'^ Gillcrist was the Surveyor we 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY, 311 

paid him between us his wholl charge was 5/ Lawful! I paid him two 
pistereeus for luy part aud there Remains due to him from me nine pence 
Bay old tenor 

39"' I went to Litchfield to try to Settle the affair of Col Moulton seize- 
ing- no (5 in the Rang on the River in Goffestown John Neal aud the 
claimers Settled the affair themselves they gave 100 £ laAvfull to the lott 
and 10 £ a present they paid 2 Dollars to Neal among them and he gave 
me one of them toward my trouble Neal paid all my Expeuces at Keun- 
dels only 6/ Bay old Tenor and my f enyage which 2/3 Bay old tenor and 
half a pint of W I Rum for which I pd 2/6 Bay old Tenor and I got 2 
Ounces of pins from McGaw for which I pd 5/ Bay O : T : and Zech 
Chandler sent 3 Dollars to Doer Parker one was for whitefield Gillmur 
and 2 was for Tho^ Newman of Derryfield which I paid and got a Rect for 
cash and I reed 3-8-0 Bay old tenor toward his part of the school house 
and I paid it to McGaw as I went to Litchfield aud I tarried at Nathan 
Kenndalls over night 

30"i I came home and gave old Mr Tuttle a Warrant against Eben'' 
Woods unpaid 

NOVEMBER FIRST 

last night I vras taken with the Rosse in my legg and I got up in the 
morning but was so much out of case that I was obliged to go to Bed and I 
sweat freely 

2'i I lay almost all day and Sv^eat & Sam" McFarland Cut my calves 

3'' I keept up about half the day but was very poorly and John came 
home from being at the 2 Cohosses he was gone a fortnight aud a Day 

4"' I could not do any business the latter part of the week I got 4 bushell 
of corn Ground at Capt Moors mill 

8"^ I drawed a plan of the work I did in Piermont for Mr Moses Little 
of Newbiu-yport 

9"' I finished drawing the plan And I went to Sam" McFarlands to 
attend an arbitration between him & John Tod and tarryed at MacFar- 
lands over night 

10"^ I sold my Sparked Ox to Daniell McFarland for 18>4 Dollars ten 
dollars to be paid in 3 months and the Remainder in six months with 
Intrest till paid 

11"' I set out for Exeter a Mr Moses Little of Newbury port Desire With 
the plan of Piermont to the Tryal between Haverhill and Piermont and 
lodged at Towles 

12"' I started before Sun Rise aud went to Exeter and put up at Capt 
Gillmans and found Mr Lowell and gave him the plan according to Mr 
Littles direction and he informed me that Mr Little went oft" for New- 
buryport the day and left no orders witli Mr Lowell to pay me as I under- 
stood he would and I set out after I had breakfast and got home after 
night my Expences was 5-1-0 Hamp old tenor on this journey I have 
charged Mr Little for the plan and this journey horse hire and Expeuces 
Six Dollars 

13"' I took the acknowledgements of 2 Deeds for one Giles Alexander of 



812 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

Boston in the township of Draper I went to Martains and Capt Walkers I 
charged lialf a Dollar which he paid 

15th J "vvent to McGaws and got half a pound of Tea for which I paid 
him 35/ Bay old Tenor and I got three bushell of corn Ground at Capt 
Moors Mill 

16"* I examined the proprietors book for Tho^ Bakers in Souhegan East 
and wi'it an acct of Record & I charged a pistereen and Lieut Weson paid 
it and I went to Samuell McFarlands and brot home my lind ox he was a 
fortnight at Daniell McFarlands and they almost 5 weeks at Samuel Mc- 
Farlands he they would take nothing for their keeping 

17111 I went to Londonderry to John Pinkertons and got a bushell of salt 
for which I paid half a Dollar 

Igth Francis Dimond sent a boy of Widow Stewarts of Merrymac and 
got the 20 shad that johu Warner paid for the 21st of last Aug' and got 40 
shad more that the boy paid the money for 

19th ^g gQ\i^ William Barnett to Butcher our lined back ox he weighed 
432 of beaf and 72 of hide and he killed a sow that we were fatting that 
proved to be with pig Se weighed 127 pound and I went with Solomon 
Hutchinson to apprize a hundred acres of by Thomas Boies of Alex' Orrs 
estate my prizeing unpaid 

20"' I went to Rob' McGregores and wiit two Deeds from Jonathan 
Martain to one John Quimby of his place in Goffestown and I took the 
acknowledgement of lioth Deeds and Martain paid me a Dollar and I got a 
jack knif from McGregore for which I paid 18/ O: T: 

22'' I discharged a note I had given to Samuell Griggs of six pounds 
eight shillings new Tenor in March 1758 I had paid the tax on his land in 
Bedford sd year which was 5-9-0 New Tenor and I paid him the ballauce 
which was 28/8 and the afternoon I went and Run lines for Rob' Alexan- 
der and Jacob McGaw about the third Division no 115 but found out noth- 
ing certain of the line 

23'i was on the same biisiness for Alexander and McGaw but did not 
finish 

24"* we finished and made out the lines of it at night today I got from 
McGaw a Gallon of Molasses and half a Gallon of Rum and two ounce of 
plums and half an ounce of Nuttmegs on Credit 

25"* WAS THANKSGIVEING THROUGH THE PROVINCE 

26"* I went and divided the lott 115 between McGaw and Alexander and 
writ the Quitclaim between them and took the acknowledgement I 
charged them for all my Rtming the lines dividing the ^vritings &c four 
Dollars McGaw gave me credit in his book and Alexander is to pay two 
Dollars in Grain and I tarried over night at McG^aws 

27"* I got 7^iy yards of broadcloath from McGaw at 50/ Bay old Tenor pr 
yard came to 8)3 Dollar for w^hich I gave my Note to be paid the 1st of 
next May with Intrest from that time untill paid & jamey & Bob worked 
at the highway 

29'i* John and I went and Run the lines of home lott no 42 on Merri- 
mack River below Capt Barrens old place for Mr Gould of Chelmsford I 
charged a Dollar for my own time and half a Dollar for Johns and jamey 



MATTHEW patten's DIATtV. 313 

and Bob worked at cutiug stuif to bridge the run which with what work 
and plank I found for the bridge by Zechariah Chandlers paid my high- 
way Rate 

30"> I Run lines for IMatthew McDuffie and John Orr McDufiie paid me 
half a Dollar for half of the day and Orr owes me half a Dollar for the 
other half of the day 

DECEMBER 

First I Run lines for William Henry of Merrymac to be paid in Grain 

2<i was a Misty wet and I came home 

3'' I took three bushell of our own corn to Capt Moors mill and got it 
ground 

4"> I cut about 40 hoop poles and I went to Col Goffes to appoint when 
we woiild Run the lines at the Gore between Moses Vickeres aud james 
Gillmors 

gth I -svent to Meet William Low to Capt Allds to help to settle between 
him and William Howard about land that Howard had in possession of his 
which was accomplished I charged a Dollar and Low paid it and it Rained 
and I lodged at Allds over night 

7"^ I came home and breakfasted by the way at Capt Moors and he aud 
Col Goft'e and I Run the lines of the Gore between Moses Vickeres and 
james Gillmors Capt Moor found a quart of West India Rum and some 
loaf shugar which came to 8/8 Bay old tenor and my Exigences this day 
was 5/6 Bay old tenor and I paid McGaw 4-17-0 Bay old tenor being the 
last of Stephen Frenchs part of the school house money and 2/ Bay old 
Tenor old Tenor being being the last of Zechariah Chandlers part of the 
school hous money Frenclies part I Reed from him yesterday aud yesterday 
Tho'* Newman sett four shoes on my horse feet 

8"' I ruu lines for William Henry and I got two bushell of Rie from him 
and I got it Ground at Capt Moors and I had the toal and am to have the 
toal of all the Grain I shall have ground at his mill this year for pay 

9"^ I Run lines for Capt Moor and Ensn Vickere to be paid in Equal 
halves and I took two bushell of Rie from home and had it Ground it was 
toaled by Mistake 

10*'^ it rained a Considerable quantity last night and Rains on today the 
wind at North aud I writ a conveyance from james Martain to Zechariah 
Chandler of a quarter part of the Forge and was dated back to the time he 
bot unpaid 

11"' I Divided oflf 8 acres of Richard McAllesters place to his son John 1 
charged two shillings unpaid and I Run the lines of Robert Kennedys old 
place for Capt Daniell Moor I charged 4/ unpaid 

13"' I went to Amoskeig falls to view our Eel place & I got half a pound 
of peper aud io ^ bowle of Tody at McGregores for which I paid a quarter 
of a Dollar and I ^YTit four advertisements for jonas Cutting and appraizo 
Warrant for Heifer he intended to pound to Morrow unpd 

14"' Samuell and james Patterson and I went to work at the Eel place 

15"' Sanuw^ll and james Patterson worked at it and I came home and 
got james Martin to make a Drill and a l)olt out of the dog part of our old 
adii'ous aud I went up that night 



314 MATTHEW PATTEX'S DIAItY. 

W^ and 17*'! we were on the same bussiuess we lived at McGregores 
our Expeuces in partnership was 10 £ I paid 4-14-4 Hamp'' old Tenor of it 
and I lent jaines Patterson 20/3 Bay old ten' to help pay his a]id I got a. 
cake of soap from McGregors on credit 

IS'ii I planed a tract of land for Lieut John Parker that his father bot 
for tax in Litchfield in the year 1740 and I vrrit a Deed from Silas Barron 
to John Aiken of the meadow lott No 29 in the ash swamp and I took the 
acknowledgement and Silas paid me a shilling for writing the deed and 
Aiken owes me for the acknowledgement and Silas gave me an order to 
one Morrow of Charleston for a fawn mooss skinn (that he has dressing 
for him) for a pair of Spaterhash as Silas had from me in the time of the 
last war and it began to snow about Dusk 

19"» it snowed all last night and some all day the snow fell about 8 
inches deep 

20*'' jamey and I cut about two jaggs of wood and in the evening I writ 
two Notifications for a proprietors meeting to be held at Oapt Moors the 
3d of next January 

21^' jamey and Bob cut wood and I brot two jaggs home and the cleavis 
hole gave way and we had to fasten a chain to draw by and in makeing a 
wedge to fasten the chain Roiiud the spear I sjilit the thumb of my left 
hand the A glanced on the bone and it cut quit through as far forward as 
the fore part of the Nail and back behind the joint in the middle of my 
thumb I did no business till Saterday the 25th 

25"i I went and got 4 bushell of corn from Nathaniel Clark toward what 
he owes me and I got a Gallon of Molasses a pound of snuff and half a 
pound of alspice 6}^ yards of Red Quality and a Gimblett and a pint of 
West Indian Rum from McGaw on Credit and I took the corn to Capt 
Moors mill and got two bushell of it Ground the other was so wet we 
could not grind it and it began to Rain about Nine oclock and Rained 
very hard all the Remainder of the night 

26"> It Rained a good deal today and the Rain took the snow all gone 

27"' a pleasant day the Rain and Snow made a good freshet in the 
River 

28"^ and the night before there fell about five inches of Snow it snowed 
all day 

oQth -^m ]>^ewmaii made a new link for one side of my treases part liis 
iron and part mine and a new like for a Draft chain of Major Goffes iron 
and shut the link of another Draft chain 

30"' I went to McGaws and got seven Quarts of Rum and a pound of 
shugar came to 37/10 Bay old Tenor on credit on the Proprietors of this 
to^vn acct for the sale of the timber on the school lott so called and went 
to John Orr the place of the Vendue and we adjourned to Next Monday to 
the house of Capt Daniell Moor at three of the Clock in the afternoon by 
Reason that Col Goiie could not get across the River to the Vendue 

31^' I took a bushell and about 4 or 5 qiiarts of Rie with me to Capt 
Moors and got it Ground and the two bushell of corn that I left there last 
saterdav that I got at Clarks 



MATTHE\y patten's diaev. 315 



JANUARY FIRST 1774 

was a cloudy day and snowed a little and moderate 

8'^ I weut to Ensign Vickere and got -1 biishell of corn toward the sliad 
he got this last siininier and took it to Capt Moors mill and got it Ground 
and I attended a proprietors meeting there of this town and after the 
meeting was over Col Goffe and james Vose and I sold the timber on the 
lotts 21 and 22 in the 9th Rang to W>" Caldwell and Matthew McDnffie 
for 387 £ hanip old tenor we had a Gallon of rum & a pound of Brown 
shugar for the Vendue from McGaw and charged to me and Capt Alld and 
my bror and I sent for half a Gallon of West Indian Rum and a pound of 
loaf shugar I paid 5/9 Bay old tenor toward it & I had two ginues from 
Moses Barron to my appraizing his fathers Estate and I paid james Cald- 
well my province & county & school 

4*'' I spent untill one or two of the clock in the afternoon a coppying off 
the articles of sale and the affairs of the Vendue for the purchasers of the 
timber we sold at the Vendue last night takeing their notes for the money 
&c and then I went to McGregores and got 12)'2 yards of Binding for my 
surtute and half a bowle of tody for which I paid a pistereen 

otii I went to McGaws and I got a Gallon of Molasses and half a Gallon 
of Rum and 3)^ Dozen of coat buttons and a stick of hair and a pound of 
loaf shugar for which I paid him 3-0-6 Bay old Tenor and janiey sent 4/6 
to buy a pair of Garters and I got them for 3/4 and I brot him the change 

6"^ a Verj" pleasant moderate day appeared like a weather breeder and 
began to snow in the evening 

7"' it had fell 4 or 5 inches deep of snow by morning and I went to Mc- 
Gregore and got a yard of Buclvram and ^4 o^ ^ hundred of shingle nails 
and 34 of a hundred of clapboard nails for them and Buckram I paid 14/8 
Bay old Tenor 

8"* I weut to McGaws and I got 4 yards of Shallon at 17 pr yd and 8 
coat Buttons and a Stick of hair and half a Mug of W I tody for which I 
paid 10-3-1 lawfuU money and I left two meal bags at Ensign Vickeres to 
get corn in 

10"^ a very cold day and the night very extream 

IV^ the cold still continues and I ■\\Tit a deed from William Barron of 
the home lott no 11 on Babusuck for which they paid me 2/ and the ac- 
knowledgement 

12"^ the cold little moderated we got home two load of wood each day of 
yesterday and today 

13''' I A\Tit a deed from Nenian Aiken to Rob* Mathies and I took the 
acknowledgement Aiken paid me a shilling for the deed and I gave Robert 
the acknowledgement 

14*'' was a snowy day it fell abovit 8 inches deep 

15"' I went to the forge and I got our andirons mended by William 
Newman the Dog parts they weighed 18 £ he mend a pair for us before by 
puting in new dogs about the same size 

17"' I weut to Joseph Palmers at Moses Seuters desire and I filled up a 
Blank Deed and writ another and took the acknowledgement of three 



316 MATTHEW patten's diahy. 

Deeds I charged a Dollar and Seuter paid me and I come to McGregores 
and I cashed up a parcel of Notes between Seuter and Daniell McNeal and 
I got ^2 ^ gallon of E.nm and a pound of loaf shugar for which I paid him 
47/ Hampr old Tenor and I paid three coppers for half an ounce of snuff 
and I paid him half a dollar for a pair of plated buckles I had from him 
last September as I Remember 

IQt'i I got 4 bushell of corn from Ensn Vickere which paid the 60 shad 
he had from me and half a day this fall Runing hues with the 4 bushell I 
had off him before and somewhat over but I have not settled %vith him 
yet & I got it Ground at Capt Moors & I had the toal 

20*^^ I went and got two bushell of Rie from Robert Alexander toward 
my runing lines for him this fall and I got a gallon of molasses and a 
pound of Snuff and a pound of Coffie at McGaws for which I paid 45/ Bay 
old tenor and I had the Rie ground at Capt Moors but I had not the toal 
through mistake 

21^' I sett out for Hollis by the way of Amherst and had Martaius horse 
and was to do some business with the Comtee for the Goal for him and I 
got it settled in the evening at Smiths and I lodged at Hildreths and I 
Reed two dollars from William Caldwell for the timber in the school lotts 

22'' I set out for Hollis a very cold windy day and I got no money for 
myself but I got 3-17-0 L: M: for Martin from the Comtee yesterday and I 
came home my Expences was 1-11-6 Bay old tenor 

24th I gave a new warrant to Mrs Hepper against Phillip Felix and a 
Coppy of the examination of her Daughter unpaid and I ■writ a Deed from 
Capt John Moor to Joshua Blodget of the 3d of Seuters place at Amoskeig 
for which Capt Moor paid me 1/ and Blodget paid me 1 / for the acknowl- 
edgement and }g toward the ■writing and takeing the acknowledgement of 
a mortgage from him to Capt Moor for security 

On the 21st Mr Hepper finished tayloring at our house for this time he 
has been here 16 days at this time and on the 22d james McChire went 
home from makeing shoes he has made 6 pair this time 

95th J ^vent to Eusu Kellys and swore Samuell Richards and George 
Hadley to a Deposition to Timothy Faren in his case with David Abbot of 
Andover unpaid and I swore Stephen Tuttle concerning some Sheep he bot 
off Michael Faren for which he paid me 1/ L: M: and Kelly gave me my 
Supper and I paid him for half a bole of Tody I had there some time in 
the latter part of summer or the fauU and I left there near two o clock in 
the morning and came home 

26*'^ I sleded home two load of wood and the boys brot one And I drawed 
a Complaint and Wart for Josiah Wood against Enoch Eaton with 7 Sub- 
paenes come to 3/ 10)^ unpaid 

27"^ a very high ■wind and the snow drifted much and I went to Richard 
McAllesters and agreed with his son John and Richard for a thousand of 
Hoops for five Dollars if I please they to Deliver them at Goffes ferry when 
I call for them 

28"> & 29"^ got two load of Wood each day 



]MATTHEW PATTEX'S DIARY. 317 

81^* I went to Joseph Boices to a Seen meeting and lodged at William 
Morrows my expences was /8 La: Mo: 

FEBRUARY FIRST 

I came home in the forenoon and I drawed off an acet from the proprs 
book and a plan of this town for Es(_juire Henshaw of Boston of his 3d 
Division and Meadow at Samuell Moors desire on 2 papers I charged 1/ 
shilling each 

2'' I drawed home wood 

S*^ it was a snow two or three inches deep and in the Evening it Rained 

4th I -worked at new Shoes for the Sled 

5"^ I finished shoeing my sled and Thomas Newman fitted 8 ox shoes 
and made 47 nails of my iron and come and Shod my oxen he charged a 
Quarter of a Dollar and my wife and John came home from Derry and 
Chester 

7th I gQ^, 1040 hoggshead hoops from John & Richard MacAllester junr 
att lo a dollar pr thousand and I set out for Newbury Port with 540 of 
them and lodged at William Morrows 

8"^ I got to Mr Blyes in Plastow and lodged there 

9'!^ I got into Newbury Port and lodged at Mr Prices 

10^'' I sold my hoops to Mr John Little a cooper for 50 / Bay old tenor pr 
hundred 

11"' I Delivered them and I took two hoggshead of salt at 5 £ pr hoggshead 
I had it out of a Sloop and had 8 bushell to the hoggshead and a hoggshead 
to put it in at a Dollar and /20 in money and set out at two o Clock and 
came to Blyes and lodged there 

12"' I came to Rob' McMurphys and stayed over the Sabath there 

14"' Rob' MclNIiu-phy and his son Bob helped me with their Oxen to the 
toop of the hill on this side of Joseph Bells and I came to William Morrows 
and lodged there 

15"' William Morrow came with me and his Oxen to this side of the 
River and I came about the middle of the afternoon my Expences was on 
this journey 6-12-6 Bay old Tenor and I bot }4 a pint of Spirits of Wine 
and a pair of Mittens for which I pd 21 ' and I Reed a guinne from Capt 
Moses Little in part for the plan of Piermont and Going to Exeter to the 
Superiour Court 

16"! I went to james Pipers and I got a bushell of Rie and a bushell of 
Barly from him toward the fish he had from me last summer and I got the 
Rie Ground at Capt Moors and I had the Toal 

17"' I went to Rob' Alexanders and got 4 bushell of Rie part of it is to- 
ward what sui-veying I did for him and I got it ground at Capt Moors and 
I had the Toal and I paid y<u-oh McGaw two Dollars toward what I owe 
him 

18"' I w€mt to William Morrows and I got 5 bushell of Lidian corn by 
his half bushell and I took it to Alexander McMurphys and he Ground 
half of it and took no Toal and the other I left there the Mill was out of 
order and it gave me as much Meal as filled the bag full 

19"' was a considerable Rain and Snowed in the night before 



318 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

21^' I went to Esquire Raiids aud left 14-10-0 Bay old Tenor for Moses 
Watts to buy the twine and Rope for the scene 5 £- was for Jas Caldwell 
and 5 £- for my own right and two Dollars for William Nntt and I went 
in the afternoon to Hollis to try to get my pay for surveying in Cocker- 
nioiith hut got none and I came home in the Night my Expences was 10/8 
Bay old Tenor 

22<^ I set off for Newbury Port tlie sun about an hour high at night with 
500 hoopes and I got Samuell Moors oxen and he helped me up the bank 
and I Set of from the River about dark and Drove all night and got down 
to Mr Blys before noon and I put iip and stayed there till Thursday morn- 
ing. 

24th J gQ^ ii^^Q Newburyport about daylight dawn 

35"^ I sold my hoops to Capt Nicholas Tracey for 12-10-0 Bay old Tenor 
in cash and I got two hoggsheads of salt from Capt Tappeu for which I pd 
10 £ and I set off homeward about Dark and came to Mr Blys about Break 
of Day where I stayed untill Monday morning 

28"^ I set off and liu-ed a pair of steers from Mr Bly to help me as far as 
Capt Wears and then he sent his son John aud his oxen as far as Robert 
Wallaces and then he came with his oxen to Runnells Capt Wears sou nor 
Wallace would take no pay aud I went and staid at Rob' McMurphys all 
night 

MARCH FIRST 

Robert McMiu-phy and his son Will"" came with a paii- of his Oxen to 
the toop of the hill on ihis side of Joseph Bells pasture with me and he 
gave me barrel full of Yinigar from thence I di'ove to Rob' McClures and 
he came with a pair of his oxen to the River and helped me up the bank 
and Sam'^ Moor and two pair of his oxen helped me up the bank my 
Expences was 4-18-2 Bay old Tenor I got home about an hour after Dark 

2'! I Avrit 3 Quitclaims for John and me for 4 Rights in Dartmouth to 
be signed afterwards one of them was from Matthew Little and another 
from Jonathan Martain to me and one from Tho^ Boies to John of two 
Rights 

3'i I went to Samuell Turrills aud took his Daughter Rachels examina- 
tion of her being with child slie swore it on one Enoch Emery of Dun- 
barton the charge unpaid 

4'h I run lines the forenoon for John McLaughlin and Thomas Lancey 
in the eleventh Rang and the afternoon I went to McGaws and I got a 
jiound of snuff and a pound of Coffie on credit and I got 4 bushell of Rie 
from Rob' Alexander on credit and I came to Capt Moors Mill aud got it 
Ground and I had the toal 

7"' we had a meeting at Esquire Rands of a parcel of the old proprietors 
of Dartmouth and my brors Samuel lent me two D(^llars and Capt John 
Moor found me two dollars and Abraham Moor one Dollar for to bear my 
Expences to Portsmouth to gain what knowledge I could concerning the 
old Grantees of Dartmouths title 

8"' I set out for Portsmouth and went to Major Tolfords aud lodged 
there 



MATTHE^Y PATTP:n's DIARY. 319 

gth I gQ(: as far as Strathaiu and lodg-ed at Mr Chases 
10"' I got into Portsmouth in the foreuoou and lodged at Moses Nobles 
11th J gQj; |;iie weights and Measures from Noah Parker for the town of 
Bedford which I paid him for three years ago and I came as far as Green- 
land and I lodged there at Mr FoLsums 

12"' I came to Major Tolfords and lodged there untill nionday 
14"' I came home in the Evening my Expence was 15/10 Lawful money 
15"' I went to Hugh Campbells and Vendued a hundred acres of land 
(the estate of Alexander Orr for Solomon Hutchinson Administrator) and 
took the acknowledgement of the Deed and I got Mr Sauce to write it for 
which lie paid me a Dollar and he paid me half a Dollar for appi'izing said 
100 acres 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM MARCH 15 1774 

16"' I went to McGaws and I got 7 £ of shugar and half a Gallon of 
Rum and two Horn combs and 4 yards of Tamey and 5 coppers worth of 
tody for which I paid him 5-2-1 Bay old Tenor 

1 7"' I paid my brors Sam" the two Dollars I borrowed from him the 7th 
instant 

IS"' we had a meeting of the River district to appoint a man to get an 
Order from the selectmen to draw our part of the School money and they 
appointed me 

19"' I went to Hugh Campbells^ and delivered the weights and measures 
to the selectmen for which I took their Rect 

21^t I went John Bells and settled the order I had on him the year he 
was Collector my Minister Rates being 14 /3 and a Dollar I owed himself 
made 20/3 and I Reed the ballance being 17-1-3 and I went to Capt Moors 
and I got 22 quarts of the wheat Rob^ Forsith sent us last fauU and I had 
Toal 

22'i I paid for my brors Johns half of the Rakoons skin that he and cmr 
John got 12/1 Bay old Tenor and William Morrow brot me a bushell and 
12 quarts of corn toward the barrel of shad he had from me last faul 
which with what I got there myself makes six bushell and six quarts in 
all toward the fish and I went to McGaws and got a Gallon of Molasses 
and j4 a gallon of Rum and a pound of Coffie and 8^ £ of Cod fish for 
which I paid 46/10 Bay old Tenor 

2'M I went to Widow Barnetts and Drove the hoops on the Barrels that 
Zecdiariah and I bot there last Septr and I cut a small Wallnut and got 
4 goad sticks out of it and I cut some hoop poles to hoop the barrels 

24"' I -s\Tit 2 advertisments for the sale of William Morrows place 

25"' janies Martin shut the link of my old Draft Chain and made 17 
horse nails of my iron on credit 

26"' I went to Capt Moors Mill and took the corn I had from W'" 
Morrow the 22d Instant with as much of my own as made 2 bushell and 
4 ([uarts and got it ground and I had the Toal and I paid james Caldwell 
12/6 Bay old tenor being what he paid me more than his part of the 
money toward Equiping inir Sene 



320 MATTHEW patten's DIAUY. 

28"^ I Reed from Major Goflfe 55/ Bay old tenor toward liis part to 
fitting the Scene Avith a Dollar for the use of the Boat makes his five 
pounds Bay old tenor and I got 5 £ from W" Newman being his part to 
the Scene and I sent the money to Moses Watts by james McClure who 
came over for it and I paid jas McOlure a Dollar toward what shoes he 
made for me this Winter and I WTit a Deed for Richard McAllster to his 
son james and a lease from james to him and two notes and I took the 
acknowledgement of the Deed unpaid and I writ a lease from Major Goffe 
to Stephen French of half an acre the back side of the school house 
unpaid 

29"^ I went to Col GoflFes at his desire to settle the acet between him 
and Capt Karr Capt John Stark was the other to help to settle their accts 
and we adjourned till Monday the • 2d day of May next to meet at Rob' 
McGregores at ten of the Clock forenoon for more light than the could 
give us now and John got a bushell of Rie from james Piper toward the 
fish he got last summer and he got it gi'ound at Capt Moors 

30th "Was our March Meeting at which I attended and swore the toAvn 
officers being 19 in Number 

The constable and one Surveyor one hog reaff" and collector unqualified 

31**' I went to Londonderry & Vendued William Morrows place and 
Divers other articles and Tarried over night I lodged at Matthew Dickeys 

APRIL FIRST 

I tarried and Writ a deed of his place to one George Corning of Salem 
for 800 Dollars notes and other writings and he gave me a peck of Beans 
and I got % a bushell more and two bushell and quarts of corn toward the 
fish he had from me last faul 

4th I -went to Amherst to the choosing a representative for Amherst and 
Bedford we met with a great misput by Reason that John Bell our Clerk 
left our Warrant at home and had to send to his house for it it was looked 
on as a design We chose Col Goffe our Representative and I tarryed for 
the court 

5 & 6*'^ I attended the Inferiom- Com-t on acct of Capt Moors case agt 
Richard McAllester I gave Mr Lowell a Dollar on the acct of the case 

7 8 & 9*'^ I attended the Sessions and I came home my Expences was 
;5-13-0 Bay old Tenor I bot a snuff: Box and Snuff came to 5/4 Bay old 
Tenor 

11th William Barnett gelded 5 Lambs and 2 pigs for me and I went to 
Capt Moors Mill and got 2^^ bushell of corn Ground and I had the Toal 

12''^ I went to McGaws and four Bushell of corn from him for which 
I paid him two Dollars and I had as much Liquor as came to 10 Coppers 
and I paid it and I got the corn ground at Capt Moors & I had the toal 

13*'' I got 4 bushell of corn from McGaw on Trust and I got it ground 
at Capt Moors Mill and I had the Toal and I had half a bowle of Tody 
from McGaw for which I paid him half a Crown Bay old Tenor 

14"* I signed a deed to John Moor Blacksmith of Londonderry of my 
part of a bit of meadow on Beaver Brook which was left me by my father 
MacMurphy for a Dollar 



MATTHEW TATTEN's DIAEY. 321 

IT WAS THE GENERAL FAST THROUGH THE PROVINCE 
15"* I went to Alexanders and I got 4 busliell of Rie and got it Ground 
at Capt Moors and I had the Toal and I had j^ a bowle of tody at McGaws 
for which I paid half a Crown Bay old Tenor 

16"* I finished the leases from Major Goffe and Martain to Stephen 
French I charged foiir shillings Lawful Money unpaid and I went to 
Alexanders and got 4 bushell of Rie and had it Ground at Capt Moors and 
I had the Toal and I got 7 £ of shugar at McGaws for which I paid 1-5-0 
Bay old Tenor and I took a bushell of Salt to Ensn Vickere to be settled 
afterward which will more than pay him what I owed him 

18"' John went to Rob' Alexanders and got 4 bushell of Rie on Credit 
and got it Ground at Capt Moors mill and I had the Toal And I went to 
Widow Barnetts and Vendued her place Capt John Moor got it at 916 
Dollars and we broke up about midnight 

19"' I went to james Gilhuors in Merrymac and he gave me a peck of 
peas for my being his friend at Amherst about the presentment of the 
Roads and I went to McGaws and bot half a bushell of peas from him for 
which I paid him half a Dollar 

20*^ I sowed the haK Bushell of peas that I got from McGaw yesterday 
and I went and cutt an ash stick on the Road West from the meeting 
house and my brors John brot it home and I attended the adjournment of 
the March meeting and another meeting held by a new meeting they 
Voted not to allow my acct for geting the weights and measures as being 
extravagant 

21 & 22<i I made a pair of padles and almost finished a pair of Cannoe 
oarrs and I spent half of the afternoon waiting about ■svriting the deed to 
Francis Barnetts Estate but did not Write them 

23'^ I went to Capt Karrs and Swore 7 men to 7 Depositions concerning 
Mr Curriers conduct I went at Mr Benj" Stevens desire unpaid 

25"' I pd Richard McAUester my minister Rates for the year 1763 I had 
an order for 19 £ Hamp'' old Tenor and the Rest I paid in money and 8/6 
hamp"^ old Tenor over my Rates was 24-2-6 hanip*^ old Tenor and I paid 
24-11-0 Hamp'' old Tenor and I writ two deeds of Francis Barnetts place to 
Sam^^ Moor notes & took the acknowledgement of Both deeds Hannah 
Barnctt and my bror gave a Deed of 2/3 & she gave a deed of the other 
thii-d I charged them 2/6 and Sam^^ Moor as much Both unpaid 

2(i"' I burned the logs and stuff that the boys had heaped up on the new 
cleared ground and I went to Hugh Campbells to meet the Selectmen to 
help to settle for Richard MacAllester on the extant but none of them 
come but james Aiken and could do nothing and Hugh Campbell paid me 
half a Dollar for my paying the license for him at Aprill Court I jmid for a 
mug and a half of tody 

27"' I sowed the flaxseed above the Barn and I went to W"' Wallaces to 
see Adam Dickey to know if he would send a line to the Goal keeper to 
take a note for the contents of the demand of the extant agt Ricrhard Mac- 
Allester or take a note with the other Selectmen but he would not consent 
to do Either but the money or Richard into Goal I laboured the point a 
great deal bu.t could not prevail 
21 



322 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

28"^ I went to Amlierst on Richard MacAllesters acct of the Extant and 
Richard paid 4-12-10 L: M: to Lieut Fisk on the Extant and Richard 
Thomas Boies my bror Sam^^ and I gave Fisk from under our hands to 
Indemnifie him in case the Selectmen Sues him before the Remainder of 
the money for the Extant is left in his hands and I tarried at Hildreths 
over night and I pd a Dollar for Richard to Mr Atherton 

29"' was a Raiiiey day and I tarried and heard one Daniell Willson tryed 
for stealing a mare from Hopkinton in the Bay Pi-ovince from one John 
Chamberlin he was whiped 15 lashes and I came home my Expeuces was 
1-9-3 Bay Old Tenor 

30'^ I went to McGaws and I got a Quarter of Tea for Mr Hepper and 
33^ £ of shiigar which I paid 29 shillings Bay old Tenor and I got a quar- 
ter of Tea and a pound of Coffie and a pound and one half of sheeps Wool 
for ourselves the Tea I paid the wool and Coffie on trust Mr Hepper sent a 
Dollar which paid his tea and shugar and our tea and I owe him (viz) Mr 
Hepper the price of the one foui-th of Tea for oiu- selves being 16/ Bay old 
tenor 

MAY 2d 

John went to McGaws and got 4 bushell of Indian corn from him on 
credit for me and got it ground at Capt Moors mill and I had the toal and 
I went to McGregores to help to settle accts with Capt Starke between Col 
Goffe and Capt Karr but could not agree Capt Karr to our judgment I 
charged nothing unless they make a charge for such Services agt me and I 
got an ounce of snuff from McGregore for which I paid 6/ Hamp"^ old 
tenor 

3'^ I had my brors Six oxen and we cross plowed in the new field about 
two thirds of the day and it came on Rain the sun 2^ 2 hours high and 
we left off 

4th ^ verry cold rain and Sleet the wind at North or Northeasterly 

5tii y^Q -were to hang our Scene and we went and Waited at the River 
untill eleven of the clock and no person came from Londonderry And then 
I went to the Cedar Swamp and got 4 new Poles to Pope Tho» Karrs and he 
is to bring them to Robert Richardsons tomorrow morning 

6^'^ I left Matthew Little have 2 Bushells of salt by his new slave Karrow 
toward my note that I gave him for his Right in Dartmouth and the Scene 
men come from Derry and I went and we hung the Scene and made a hall 
to try the Bottom and we agreed to meet next Monday to finish a Camp 

7th I went to McGaws and I got a bottle of snuff & and a gimblett and 
a dozen of fish hooks and a coppers worth of Snuff for which I paid him 
19/3 Bay old Tenor and I got >^ £ of Tea at 16/ Bay old Tenor on credit 
and I got allmost a bushell of barley from my brors Sani^'" wife to sow 

9"' I sowed some flaxseed below the Well and the barley I got on the 7th 
from my sister in law and I then went to the Scene and Tarryed untill 
Evening and we hauled Divers times but got only a Succar and we made 
our Camp 

IQth I writ a Deed from Tho" McLaughlin to Jacob Hepper to the north 
half of the lott No 19 in the 11th Rang and two notes for the pay 



MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 323 

13"' I made part of a pail and I writ a Deed from Widow Mclno.slis cliil- 
der to Sam'i Farley of their place in Merryinac unpd 

14"! I went to the Scene and John, came after breakfast and we got 67 
shad two of which the boys gave jonas Cutting we salted down about 64 

16"^ John and I went to the Scene and I fished all day John got 3 shad 
and I fished W" Caldwells right awhile and I got 3 on that and two after- 
wards on my own we Got 8 in all today 

17"' I made a pail and the boys planted corn 

IS"' I fished in the Daylight and a little in the Evening and I got 9 shad 
and Bob staid all night and ho got 3 

19"' I fited soles on two poles for fishing and Bob and David helped John 
with the oxen to plow for Shade and jamey mended at the little meadow 

20"' I fished at the Scene the Daylight and I got 21 shad and John fished 
the night and got two 

21'*' I went to the falls and I got six shad and I got a quarter of a hun- 
dred of Clapboard nails and a glass of Rum made into tody att MacGreg- 
ores the tody I paid for the Nails I did not 

23'^ we got 8 shad at the Scene and I wTit a Deed from W'" Barron to 
W" Diinlap of No 18 in the 6th Rang in Bedford and I took the acknowl- 
edgement for Dunlap and three notes for the pay I charged each of them 
a shilling L: M: both unpd and Alexander MacMurphy sent his daughter 
to tlie seen with about 1,^^ bushell of Rie and jamey gave her 5 shad being 
all he had att the time 

24"' John and I went to the fauUs and I got 2 shad and we came home in 
the evening and I changed a new Nett for scooping with jamey Patterson 
for Twine to make a nett for our setting place 

25"' I knit a nett of the Twine I got off Patterson yesterday and Bob 
fished at the Scene and got 15 shad five of which we gave Mr Moor of New 
boston and two Bob sent to W'" Moitows wife by Adam Dickey 

26"' I w^ent to McGaws and got 7 £ of Shugar for which I paid 28/ Bay 
old Tenor 27/ Bay old Tenor I borrowed yesterday from my jamey and I 
went to Amoskeig to fish and I followed fishing there uutill the 17th of 
June I got 148 Shad I borrowed 10 of Col Starks son W" and 3 of 
my own I gave Alex'' Macmurphy toward what John got on his Right 
and I paid 5 of the 10 I borrowed of William Starke jiinr and the other 5 I 
owe him artd ten I gave John Arrow^n for snuflf of the 148 that I got I got 
18 out of the pot at the setting place I got 2% Salmon out of the pot and 3 
by scooping John sold 3 to Mollie McGregore that weighed 53 £ he took 
the money he gave me a Dollar and a pistereen and a pine tree peice And 
I and John and the boys got 708 Ells and 71 to Alex' MacMurpliy on his 
half Right and I took a Deposition for Timothy Fuller of Middletown for 
which he paid me 20/ Bay old Tenor and I paid % a bowle of tody out of 
it and 29 Ells I gave Obidiah Hawcs for makeing a horse Collar 

18"' I drawed a Wart for John Hogg on Rachel Turrills oath agt Enoch 
Emery for geting her with (^hild uujjaid 

20"' I went to Amoskieg toward night and I staid and fished Ells I got 
23 and I let Rob' MacGregore liave them I got a pound of Coffie at 26 
hampshire old Tenor and he is to give me credit for 20/ more for them 



324 MATTHEW patten's DIAKY. 

21^' Matthew McDiiflfie came and luforiued uie that the town had Sued 
him for the timber he ciitt on the school lotts and Drawed a power of 
Attorney from him to the Comniitee that sold the timber to carrie on the 
case according to the articles of sale 

22f' I went to Col Goffes to see him about McDnflfies being Sued but he 
was gon to Hampstead and afterward I went and See james Vose on the 
same aect and we concluded to meet at Col Goffes next Saterday Evening 

23 & 24"^ I helped the boys to weed corn 

25*'* I helped the Boys the forenoon and Enoch Emery and brot me 
a Certificate of his Marriage from Mr Currier and paid me a Dollar for all 
the trouble I had about the affair and I gave him a line to the Constable to 
Dismiss him and Tho» McLaughlin sent me a Bottle of snuff I sent 15/ Bay 
old tenor with him the 22d and I went to Col Goffes with james Vose to 
consult on y^ proprs being sued 

27"* I went to Esqr Underwoods desire to Abrham Moors and took in 
several Depositions for July Court and two in perpetuam with Col Goffe 
and the afternoon james Vose and I went to consult Mr Claget about the 
towns sueing McDuffie and we had to stay over night at Mr Whitemores 

28*^* we waited on Mr Ctaget in the morning and I came to Esqr Under- 
woods and I brot the Captions on the Depositions I took yesterday and 
Esqr Underwood crosed me out of his book of what I owed him being 1 1 
£ old Tenor for this and other services I had done him 

29"* I went and Run lines for W™ Barron unpaid and I went and lodged 
at Capt Allds over night 

30"* I went and Divided the 3d Division no 94 for W** Ai-buckle and Rob' 
McCormisk and I run the line between Ensn Jonathan Cumings and Mrs 
Mclnosh I charged them a Dollar Arbuckle paid me the half of it 

JULY FIRST 

I writ the Deed from Arbuckle to Rob' McCormick and one from Mc- 
Cormick to John Jacobs and took the acknowledgement I charged 4/s 
Lawful Jacobs offset 3 / that I owed him of it and the other shilling of it 
McCormick is to pay me and I went and Run the Rang line from Ar- 
buckles land to Lieut Taylors N: W: Corner I charged 2/ and McCormick 
is to pay it the wholl that McCormick is to pay me is a dollar and I came 
in the afternoon and run lines for Sam" Gibbson junr I charged 3/ Lawful 
unpaid Mr Gage joined part of what I did for Gibbson 

2^ I went to Amoskieg and took care of my net poles I put two poles 
with bows one of them has an Ell net on it and a new pole only Rough 
Shaved into W'** Karrs Chamber and I got a Salmon of 14 £ weight from 
Thoniy Karr and he is to get his pay out of my Salmon pot if they catch 
and he and I set one on the iipper place and he and his father is to set the 
other as soon as the water gets suitable for height 

4th I went to Amherst to defend the suit that the town brot against 
Matthew McDuffie and did not get home until Saterday night being the 
9th I Reed from McDuffie 3-2-6 Lawful on acct of his note to the proprs 
out of which I gave james Vose 2-5-7 Bay old Tenor and I gave Mr Claget 
and Mr Sargent 3 Dollars each and james Vose and my expences while 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 325 

attending Com-t was 9-10-4 Bay old teuor which I paid and took Mr 
Hildi-eths Rects for it I attended the sessions 3 days and I Reed 5 Deeds 
from the Register that I gave him to Record and I paid me 9/6 Lawfiill 
and he paid me 6 Dollars and two pistereens in cash more made 8 
Dollars in all for 12 days attending the Sessions from the 1st of janiiary 
1772 to the 1st of January 1774 being one day less than I had attended and 
I did writing between Ool Nichols and Lieut Caldwell that came to i.j a 
Dollar and Nichols paid me it exceept /8 Bay old Tenor and I adminis- 
tered an oath to Deacon Smith for Rob' McCormicks wife which she paid 
me 1 shilling for and I bot a stamped handkerchief and an ounce of snuff, 
and a quire of paper from Means for which I paid him 19/2 Bay old Tenor 
and I got a pound of snuff from Alex"' Brown for whicli I pd him 20/3 bay 
old Tenor and 6/3 bay old tenor more for expences after oiu- case was over 
on my own acct and I paid at Lovejoys on acct of the lawsuit of Expences 
5/3 bay old Tenor & I pd Lieut Fisk on the Extant against Richard Mc- 
Alester 

11*'* I went to John Thomas to Run the line between Joseph and Neas- 
mith but Neasmith would not join and I ran near the length of the lott 
and I went to McGaws and I got a pound and an ounce of loaf shugar 
from his Wife for which I paid her 8/ bay old Tenor 

12''^ I WT-it three letters for Mr Worster one to Mr Livermore as attor- 
ney & one to Mr Tho^ Crawford and one to joshua Tolford to attend next 
monday as chaiumen on a survey between the proprietors of Plymouth 
and Cockermouth I charged 2/ unpd 

13"^ I ■svrit two deeds the one from my bror Sani^' to Zechariah Chand- 
ler and the other from Zech to my bror Sam'^ and shod steel 2 shoes at the 
toes and set them on my horses fore feet 

14th Was Generally observed as a fast through this and the Bay prov- 
ince att the desii'e of the Committees of correspoudance altho Mr Houston 
would not observe it in Bedford I and my famely keept and I went to 
Meeting in Derryfield and heard Mr Strickland preach from the 5th Verse 
of the 2d of Revelations 

15*'^ John mended up the seed plow and Sheds Man Sharpened the plow 
irons and I sheled about 3)^ bushell of corn and the boys mowed the brush 
in the Calf pasture and Hepper made John a jacket he got the cloath at 
Kelleys and he paid him hepper for makeing it in money 

Kjth J went to Es^ir Blodgets mill with four bushell of Indian corn and 
got it ground and W" Karr and I sett my Salmon pots at the foot of the 
falls and I had a glass of rum made in tody at McGregores for which I 
paid three coppers and I got a pound of Coffie at Esqr Blodgets for which 
I paid 8/ Bay old Tenor and Shed made two plates for my seed plow of my 
iron and We began to fallow the old field before the house 

IS^^ it Rained the fore part of the day and I went and got Sam" McKil- 
lop to sew on a pair of heel taps on a pair of shoes of Suseys and close a 
httle at mine that was Riped and I plowed the afternoon 

19"^ I plowed to about the middle of the afternoon when W" Caldwell 
came along and informed me that james Smith had mowed a peice of the 
Governor lott and jamey and Bob and I went up to the meadow and I 



326 MATTHEW patten's DIAItA'. 

took Hug^h Mathies mth me from Caldwells and we went and found 
Smith at Work and we stayd till after night and we pold the hay off and 
came home there was 7 cock as Smith cocked it 

20"* jamey and Bob "went to the meadow and them and W" Caldwell 
mended the meadow fence and then the boys fell a Red oak and cut a 
cut off for posts and David and I went up with the team and brot the hay 
away and we spread it at home in the field and hayd it there was six cocks 
of it when hayed and I plowed some in the old field before the house 

31*' in the afternoon I Run the north line by the highway in the 2d 
Rang of home lotts for Zechariah Chandler and measured off 25 acres off 
" on that side for Ensn Maclaughlin and am to ■\^Tite a Deed tomorrow 

22'^ I writ a deed from Zechariah Chandler to Tho* McLaughlin of the 
25 acres I measured yesterday and my plow shear broke oft* on the steel- 
ing on the wing and I took it to Shads and his man Orr mended it 

23*1 I sowed the Cow yard with Turnip seed there was a smart shower 
in the fore part of the day but lasted but a short space it was a considera- 
ble of Rain like clouds which came out of the southerly Quarter and 
thundered some a little before night and very Mugey warm 

25t'> & 26"^ I fited at Rake heads teeth and l)ows and the Boys hilled at 
the corn 

27"^ I went to Eusn Benj" Noyes in Bow to arbitrate between him and 
Francis Knight with Col Stickney and Capt Chandler of Concord 

28"' On the business and drawed our award and the parties abid the 
award and Knight paid each of us the arbitrators a Dollar and Noyes gave 
me a note for thirteen shillings which made my pay which made 19/ in all 
for time and swearing evidences &c and last night I lodged at Noyes 

29"* I came home last night I lodged at Knights 

30"* I held the i^low a plowing among the new land corn 

31*' I heard Mr Cook preach in Derryfield 

AUGUST FIRST 

I had a pair of Oxen from james Martain and I finished fellowing the 
old field before the house and the boys finished hilling the corn 

2'i we began to Reap in the field by my lirors and we reapt 10 stooks and 
11 sheaves and I borrowed a glass bottle full of Rum from my bror 

3*1 we Reapt in sd field & carted in 20 stooks 

4"' we finished about the middle of the afternoon and we had 25 stooks 
in that field and my brors Sam^' and Joseph brot the 5 stooks over and we 
began to Reap in the field above the Barn and I got some rum from james 
Martain but does not know exactly how much but I suppose about 3 pints 
and I spent the fore part of the night with Morrial and his man John Dob- 
bin and agreed them 

5"* the boys and I Reaped in the field above the Barn and I drawed an 
order to our School Master for four Dollars on Mr jas Caldwell as Collector 

6"* we Reapt in the Field above the Barn and about nine or ten o Clock 
Stephen French and W™ Abbott came and Reapt untill night for my John 
helping him reap at Whitefield Gillmors we carted in 27 stooks and 8 
sheaves that we Reapt in this field and in the afternoon I went to james 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 327 

Moors in Goffes town and I got 3)^ Gallon of Rum from him and I gave 
him a Dollar toward it which paid 3 gallon of it I am to have it at 15/ 
shillings Bay old tenor pr Gallon and I owe him for j^ a Gallon 

8"^ we finished Reaping before dinner we have 58 Stocks of Rie in all this 
year we Reaped our Wheat but wt; had very little of it there was some 
Rie among the wheat & I gave Mr Cm-rier a Summons and a Coppy of 
Records for which he gave me a pistereen 

9"' The boys and I went to the little meadow and John and Stephen 
French and mowed and got up 19 cocks 

10"' my bror Sam^^^ John Mowed with lis 

11*'' jouas Cutting helped us and we got all mowed Exceept the 2 West- 
erly lotts on the Squar and all that was down cocked and in the Winrow 
together 

12*'' & 13"' we got all in the cock we have 211 cocks there this year since 
we went to work there we have brot home 4 jags 

15"' we brot home two jaggs and began to mow in the meadow at home 
and in the afternoon I went to Jacob McQuades and writ a Deed from his 
sisters to him of the place and other "writings I charged 4/ for all my ser 
vice and his bror in law George Burns paid me 2/ of it and the other two 
Jacob owes me and the Boys broke all the Slates in the bottom of the Cart 
body in bringing home the last load today 

16"' I went and hewed new Slats and mended the Cart and I paid 
Abraham Moor a Dollar for the one he let me have the beginning of last 
March before I went to Portsmouth for the weights and measures for Bed- 
ford & John got lU Gall(iu of Rum from james Moor of Goffestown 

17th my brors John went with his fathers Team and brot a load of hay 
for me from the little meadow and I brot one myself Extream mugey hot 
and it came up a thunder shower in the afternoon and Rained a good deal 
and wet the ground considerable it Rained moderately all night it is the 
first Rain we have had for about a mouth the Drought has been a Consid- 
erable severe 

19*'' David and I went to the meadow and Dryed some of the hay and 
brot home a load 

20th yyfQ i^j-Qj^ home two load and turned all the cocks upside down and 
Dryed the bottoms and topped them up again the last load as I was come- 
ing home at Mr Caldwells I stopped by Reason of Zechariah Chandlers 
team being before me that I could not get by and when I went to drive 
away the Hogs was at the tail of the Cart and I looked to see that they 
were not about the wheels and I turned and Drove forward and the pig of 
Considerable bigness Run in before the near wheell and it went over the 
middle of the body and Killed it imeadeately it was worth two Dollars I 
suppos 

22'' Bob and David went to the meadow and brot a load of hay and I 
spent the forenoon on Rob* Morrials and John Dobbins att'air and Col 
Goffe came to my house and spent the forenoon likewise Morrial is to pay 
Col Goffe 2/s and Dobbin is to pay me two shillings for our trouble and it 
Rained 2 Showers as they were coming home and I sold our 3 Calves to 
Phillip Ferrin I am to have six bushell of Rie only if the youngest dies 



328 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

but if it lives I am to have 8 and John Drove them up for him and I went 
and put in new Rungs in the body of Caldwells Cart that David Briant 
may Cart for me with their team tomorrow and I stayed at Cadwells over 
night it Rained a smart shower in the Night 

23'^ Cloudj^ and Rained some the hay was so wet that we could not Cart 
about the middle of the day I took off the wet hay as well as I could of 10 
cocks and brot the dry of them home it Rained a Smart shower on us as 
we came home and jamey worked all day and Bob about Yi of the day at 
the Graveyard 

24"! jamey and Bob and I went and cut 4 Rail ciits on Matthew Littles 
lott between and the little meadow and split 2 of them allmost they made 
35 Rails 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM AUGUST 24 1774 

25"^ it continued Dull weather untill near Evening and then it cleared 
off very pleasant and I got leave of Matthew Little to cut Rail stuff on 
his land that we began to cut on and the boys cutt one or 2 cuts more 

26'^^ David and I went to the little meadow and carried 24 Rails with iis 
to the meadow and we dryed the wet hay that was on the Cocks and brot 
home a load & the boys dried at the hay at home in our own Meadow 

27th -^m Caldwell brot a load of 14 cocks for me and I brot home two 
myself which finished bringing what hay had at the little meadow 

29"^ I shelled two bushell of Indian corn and cleared up almost two 
bushell of Rie there was the scaterings on the floor in pitching this years 
Rie there was above half a bushell of it and the rest was old Rie and 
jamey and Bob brot in What hay was in cock in the meadow at home 

30"^ John and I worked at the Graveyard and I took the acknowledge- 
ment of a Deed from David McCleary to james Aiken james pays the 
acknowledgement him and I settled accts and he fell 10/ old Tenor in my 
debt of all affairs and accts by past and David went to his uncle Alex'^ 
mill with the corn and Rie I fitted yesterday 

3P' David came home in the morning mtli the meal And I Drawed a 
state of the case between the town and the propriety and sent it by my 
bror to Mr Pickering for his oppinion in the case and to engage him to 
assist at the Superiour Court and I ^vrit part of Capt Perhams Will there 
was a smart thunder shower this afternoon 

SEPTEMBER FIRST 

I Drawed Capt Perhams Will in the forenoon and the afternoon I went 
to Lieut Littles and Venxbied his place in Goffestown it was struck off to 
Robert McGregore for 434 Dollars and he signed tlie articles I came away 
I suppos about 1 1 o Clock 

2'^ & 3<i We worked at geting posts and Rails beyond the meeting house 

5"' I went and Run Round the peice of land for Benj" Dow on the 
Easterly side of Piscataquog River and it came on Rain and wet me very 
much and I Run more than half of the north line and I got home a little 
before night & I took the acknowledgement of the deed for Dow 

6"^ I pland the peice of land I Run Round yesterday and \Yv\t about 



MATTHE^y patten's diary. 32^ 

half the deed Dow sold it to David Abbott and the af teruoou I went to 
the boys to the post and Rails beyond the meeting house 

7"^ I finished the deed I began yesterday and I went to John Bells and 
Delivered the beam and Scales that my bro Sam" brot from Noah Parkers 
last week for the town & I took theu' rect for them and they gave me an 
order for school money being 1-17-7-1 for which they gave me an order 
last march and I lost it was the Reason of my geting this 

S"> I took the acknowledgement of the Deed that I \vrit for Benj" Dow 
to David Abbott uupd and David and I went with the Team and took 50 
Chesnut posts that we got on the ministerial land to the little meadow 

gth -yy-g -went to work at the posts and Rails above the meeting house 
and it came on Rain and the boys came home and I stayed and cut 3 Rail 
ciits and 2 post cuts I shelled about 1% bushell of corn 

10''' the wind very high at N: W: and cold we cut our Stalks a frost 
that touched the pvimkins and bean leaves and some corn leaves the night 
following I drawed a Writ for james Caldwell against David Briant 

11"' Sabathday the wind very high at N: W: and cold a little frost the 
night following 

12''' I worked at the highway and janiey and Bob top poled the fence 
up the back side and the school master keept the forenoon and the after- 
noon he went to a Clearing frolick at David Moors 

13*'' We that hired the school master mett on having Reed Word by 
Joshua Gage from Dunbarton that they would hire our Master two months 
and we agreed to have him go and then Retui-n to us and ha set of for 
Derry and Returned in the Evening and brot a bottle of snuff and gave it 
to us and got what Tobacco we had I Suppose there was a pound and 
a half of it 

14"' I worked at the highway and jamey and Bob went to their uncle 
Alex"" MacMurphys to help him to get his hay 

15"' in the morning between Day break and Sun Rise Lydia Hepper 
came and informed us that a number of persons came and Draged her 
husband away the night before and abused him and her they Broke one 
of her fore teeth out and much abused Her daughter Hannah I advised 
her to go home and be Quiet and say nothing about it and I went above 
the meeting house and I split 52 Rails and 30 posts and John Little sent 
for me to go to his house to Writ a Deed of his place and to james Eaton 
I went and did it and I charged 3* and they paid me Little paid me 
quarter of a dollar and Eaton paid me l^.i a pistereen and I had no change 
to give him 

16"' I worked at posts and Rails above the meeting house and David 
finished harrowing the old field before the house 

17"' Joseph Dow came to my house in the morning and paid me 20/ Bay 
old Tenor for his bror Benj" toward my Runing lines Writing a Deed and 
acknowledgement of the Deed and I paid it to old Mrs McLaughlin 
toward tow cloath I had from her last year I owe her 2/(5 Bay old Tenor 
yet of it and I went and sjjlit Rails above the meeting house 

19"' james Orr mended my plow Sh(^ar that was broke in the wing he 
had a good deal of pains in the doing it the charge unknown and I went 



330 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

to a, town meeting at Evening and the people intended to go to Amherst 
tomorrow to Visit Mr Athertou who Insisted on my going with them and 
they told me I must and Should go and that if I did not they woiild Viset 
me on which I said I would go 

20*1^ James Orr and Shed set the shoes on my horses fore feet and I went 
to Amherst and about 300 men assembled and chose a Commitie who went 
to Mr Atherton and he came to the people to the Court house and he 
Signed a Declaration and Read it to the people Avho accepted it he Invited 
them to go to Mr Hildreths and Drink what they pleased the people 
Dispersed about Midnight without Doing any Out Ragious act I stayd 
till morning 

31^* I came home and I coppyd a transcript of a highway in Gotfes town 
from the proprs book for Eben' Hacket 

22'^ I coppyd a considerable more for Hacket in the morning and then 
■went to Joseph Dows junr in Goffestown and Writ a bill of sale and a 
power of Attorney from him to his Brother Benj" and I took the acknowl- 
edgement of each of them I charged 4/ impaid And in the afternoon 
I went and Run lines for Abel Right of that part of the lott that Eben"" 
Johnson formerly lived on that lys over Piscataquog but did not finish 

23'^ I went to Benj" Dows and Run a part of his north line and fixt his 
northwest corner and I then went to Abel Wrights to finish the lines 
I was after yesterday but did nothing and I charged him 30/ Bay old 
Ten"^ for what I had done yesterday and today and he paid 25/ Bay old 
Tenor 

24*^ Bob and the four cattle worked for Shad about ~-^ of the day and 
jamey David holed 31 posts and I split 55 Rails and I fell 2 trees more for 
Rails and Capt Perhani paid me 2/ for Avi-iting his Will I writ it the 1st 
Instant 

20*'' I drawed one warrent for Hannah Murphy against Titus houston 
and I signed another from Mrs Hepper against Titus houston and John 
Wallace the Constable took him and Col Gofl'e and I held a Court att the 
school house on him and we adjoui'ned both cases untill Monday the 3d of 
October at nine of the clock in the forenoon 

27<'h I went to Amherst to the Superiour Court to Defend the case 
between the town and Proprietors in favour of the Proprs and I Reed four 
Dollars for the Proprs from Jacob McQuead and in the Evening I gave 
gave two of the Dollars to John Pickering Esqr in part of a fee as a la'i^vyer 

28"^ I had to come home for some papers aiid Evidences and I got back 
to Dinner I had Alex"^ Browns horse for which he would take no pay 

29"\ Our case came on in the afternoon and the jnrj got it in the 
Evening 

30''^ they gave their Verdict in faAT of the Town for 11-10-0 Lawful and 
cost the cost was taxed at 9-11-6 the cost was taxed in the afternoon and 
I paid 6/G of it and it was so near night when it was done that we could 
not come home 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 331 

OCTOBER 1st 

I came home my Expeuces au(i jamey Voses who atteucled the case with 
me at Hildreths was 6-12-6 Bay old ten'" aud I lodged one night at 
Baldwins was 7/ Bay old ten' 

3'^ Col Goffe aud I met at the School house on the case between Titus 
and Lydia Hepper and her Daughter And Mr Houston and her agreed 
and we adjourned the Court to the 18th of November next at 10 of the 
Clock in the forenoon and I went to a training to Hugh Campbells 

4^'' I went to McGaws and got 2^ £ of Wool and some other articles 
to the amount of 2-11-2 Bay O: T: and I settled all I owed him being 
19-12-3 Bay old ten"' aud gave him a Note for it on Demand with Intrest 
iintill paid 

5*^ I got a Basket from Gardner at 2/ Lawful 

6'ii I cut of 9 Rail cuts and butted 8 at the west end of W" Barnetts 
laud and I drawed a Conipt and Warrant for William Bell against Ebeu'' 
Wood there was seveu Siibpoenas came to 3/10 ^ unpaid 

7th I ^y^it a pair of Indentures of james Grear to Matthew Little for 
Little unpd and W'" Bell and Eben"" Wood and Blasdel the constable came 
and settled the affair and I taxed the cost I set a fine of 4/ my fees was 
five shillings & I took his uote on demand for my fees and the fine 

8"^ I went to the little meadow aud see what jamey Smith had been do- 
ing he made three new corners that I see as I suppose 

IQtii I went to Col Goffes to consult what to do about Raising money to 
discharge the Damage and cost iu McDuffies case and afterward to Lieut 
Little to see him on the acct of said lawsuit and had to go to McGregores 
aud I then went to the falls and took my Salmon pot u.p the bank and I 
had half a bowle of Brandy tody at McGregores in company with Little 
for which I paid 3/ Bay old Ten'' 

ll^'i I sowed allmost 8 bushell of Rie on the old field before the house 

12*'^ I went to james Voses aud he went with me to janies Aikens and to 
John Bells Jacob McQuead Matthew McDuffles and to Adam Dickeys to 
see about meeting aud Settling the judgement that the town Gained of 
the Propriety We were moved by some threatening that jamey Smith had 
made to Math McDuffle it cost us the whole day we had half a bowle of 
tody at Hugh Campbells charged to me unpaid 

13th y^Q gQ^, iu two jags of corn and all the Stalks out of the uppermost 
peice of corn Aud my wife got Mr Nelsons letter to his congregation from 
William Wallace for 20/ Bay money and she paid 19/ of it 

14tii I went to Hollis to uotifie Major Hobart according to his desire what 
time I intend to go ou the Survey iu the dispute between the proprietors 
of Plymouth and Cockermonth my Expeuces was a pistereen 

15*'^ I husked corn and the boys did several overins 

17"' we finished husking corn iu the forepart of the day and I set of 
about noou to see Adam Dickey to see to settle the judgement the town 
gained against the proprietors aud the commitee of the town and james 
Vose aud I met them at Hugh Caiupbt^lls and we woried untill near day- 
break but they would do nothing biit the cash or the Execution must take 



332 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

place I paid tlieir and our expences it was 2/8 lawful aud I paid /4 for the 
half bowle of tody james Vose and I had there the 12th lustaut when we 
were on the same business 

18"^ I went to McGregores and I got 4 £ of shugar and two mugs and a 
Quart of Brandy for which I paid 4/ 9 Lawful and I went to the falls and 
took out 3 stones out of the channel that leads to where I set my Salmon 
pot 

19"' james Vose and I went to Mr Caldwells and gave our Note to him 
for the six Dollars he lent to Adam Dickey to carrie ou the lawsuit against 
the proprs to be paid in six months from tlie last day of Septr last with 
Intrest and we Settled with W" Caldwell for timber we sold him he had 
paid us 4/ lawful of the price of it and the 4/ was put in hi.s fathers note 
and then I went to the little meadow and divided the ground to biiild the 
fence ou between Deacon Smith and his sou james as far as we agreed 
aboiit the line 

20"^ I finished sowing the Rie ou the corn land by the house and Barn 
how much seed I sowed I cant tell I suppos I sowed near or perhaps seven 
bushell 

21^' I set oxit for Plymouth to do the Survey P order of Com-t in the dis- 
pute between the Proprietors of Plymouth and Cockermouth and was on 
the Business untill the 12th of November being 20 worldng days I charged 
9/s pr day I charged Plymouth Proprietors 14 days and Cockermouth 6 
And Col Fenton paid me the whole money and I am to assist him to get 
the 6 days pay from the Proprietors of Cockermouth on the 29th of Octr I 
Reed 8/ from Esq Cumings toward my pay for Surveying in Cockermouth 
in the year 1772 & on the 12tli I pd Gage of Pennykook 18/8 and Rob* 
McGregore 36/ Lawful 

NOVEMBER 14th 

I went and Run lines for John Griffin senr and Jonathan Merril I charged 
4/ to be paid Equaly by them Merril paid me 2/ aud Griffin owes me the 
other 2/ and I went to McGregores and I spent a bowle of Brandy tody 
for which I paid 9 | and I paid him 1 / 3 | for two quarts of Rum my 
wife had from him while I was out on the above Survey 

15"^ I went to McGaws and got several Ai'ticles to the amount of 34/3 
Bay old Tenor from his Wife and pd her the money and I paid her four 
Dollars toward a note he had from me Aud I went to Robert Alexanders 
and I paid him six dollars toward the Grain I had from him last Winter 

16''' was a considerable Rain 

17*'^ I went to Robert Kennedys in Goffstown to See a Stear he has for 
Beaf 

18"' Col Goffe and I met at the School house ou Mrs Hepper and her 
Daughter Hannahs case agt Titus and both Mr Houston and them agreed 
to have the case continued and we farther adjoru'ued untill the thu-d mon- 
day of January next at ten of the clock in the forenoon to the same place 

19"* I worked at di-awing oiit my acct against the Proprietors of Narra- 
gausett Township No five but did not accomplish it Considerable windy 
cold day and jamey and Bob cleaned up 14 bushell of Rie 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 333 

2P^ Was a cold Sharp aii- anrl it began to snow about Daylight dawn 
and Snowed all night the ^^^nd high at N: E: 

22'i it snowed all the fore part of the day tho moderately it fell about 10 
inches deep a wet solid snow and I finished drawing luy acct against the 
proprietors of Narragansett township No five with what I stand bound for 
the ballanee in my favor is 13-1-6 la^vfiil money james Vose and me is 
bound by our note to james Caldwell for 40/ four of which belong to W'" 
Caldwell which 40/ is in the 13-1-6 

23'^ I took a bushell of corn and went to Griffins Mill and got it ground 
Exceept about 2 quarts and went to see a fat ox of Ezekiel Stevens but we 
coiild not agree and I had two half bowles of Tody at McGregores with 
my ferriage came to nine pence lawful which I paid and I got an earthen 
poringer that I did not pay that the could not tell me the price Rob' was 
not at home 

24tii Was the General thanksgi\dng 

25*'^ a Great Rain and we shelled out 4 bushell of corn 

26'h I went to Capt Moors mill and got ground and I had the Toal 

28*"^ I went to Capt Moors mill and I took 2 bushell of corn and 2 of Rie 
with me and Sarah Riddel ground it but I had not the toal and I Run the 
Rang line from the 2d divisions to Col Nichols by John Burns for Capt 
Moor and Burns and I lodged at Capt Moors 

29''^ I Run the lines of the 50 acre lott that Capt Moor had from his 
father at the north end of Strawburry hill John Orr joined on the South 
side and Deacon W™ Moor on the north and both attended the Runing of 
the lines 

30'i> was a Rainy day and I got james Orr to flaten the end of the touges 
to lift with 

DECEMBER FIRST 

I went to McGaws and got 7 £ of shugar a pound of Coffie an Ivory 
comb 21 sheets of paper and }-2 a bowle of Tody for which I paid 58/ Bay 
old Ten' 

2'! we butchered 2 of oui- hogs they weighed about 200 £ both and I got 
james Orr to make three new links of my Iron and put them in my old 
Draft chain and Straighted the twisted links 

3'i I went to the west end of W" Barnetts land and I split out 63 Rails 
being all the Rail cuts that I had cut there and brot home the Betle and 
wages 

5"i I fitted our looking Glass to set it up and it Rained moderately all 
day and Bob and David Went to School and began to vrrite being the first 
of their trying 

6"^ james went to School and began to Write being his first trial and 
Bob and David plowed And I let james McAllester have two Bushell of 
Salt for his Bror Richard toward his part of the Hoops I had from him and 
John last Winter 

^th I \^Tit a letter of a considerabk^ length to . Edward Tinkerman of 
Boston concerning his Fathers land in this town in answer to liis to me of 
the 2d of Novbr last And I went to McGaws and I got a Bottle of snufi" a 



334 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

Quire of paper and half a bowle of tody for which I paid him 25/ Bay old 
Ten' aud I Reed a Dollar from james Piper toward the shad fish he had 
from me Summer was a twelve mouth 

8"' I pnt out a Cow to David Rowel for three years I am to have the first 
calf she has to be Delivered at three years old and if either of us sees cause 
I am to have the cow the 13th of next raay and her Milk is to be the pay 
for her keeping And I paid Nathan Shed a Dolar toward the work he has 
and will do for me and I got james Orr made a new shoe of my Iron and 
one of his iron and set them on my horses fore feet he Steeled the heels 
and Corked them aud I went and lodged at Sam^i McFarlands 

gtii I went and showed Philip and Eben'' Ferrin my lott in the 4th Rang 
they got Alex' Gillcrist to Run Round it we found all the corners 
Exceept the N: E: they are all large heaps of Stones and I went to New- 
boston and lodged at Betty INIcCollums a Stormy day of snow and hail 
and some wett amoug it 

10th J Y,'e,ut aud see Hugh Gregg aud then went with Andrew Walker to 
Esqr Clarks Aud he owed Andrews son Andrew and he owed his Father 
and his father owed me And I took and order from Esqr Clark on Esqr 
Cuttler for what Old Andrew owed me being 8-18-7 and I gave Andrew up 
his note and old Audrew gave young Anch-ew up his note and I lodged at 
Esqr Clarks 

ll"' I went to Meeting in Newboston and came home in the Evening 

12*'^ I fitted at a new spear for our Wood Sled John Hewed the spear aud 
Rowler before 

13*1^ jamey and Bob got home three loads of wood aud I cleared the sticks 
and stuff about the door 

14th I went to Oapt Moors Mill aud I took two Bushell of Rie aud a 
bushell of wheat what we had for muter wheat and got it Ground aud I had 
the toal And I went to McGaws aud I got 3 Gallon of Molasses 3 \ £ of Red 
wood and 2}( of Logwood 1 1^ of Alum 1 £ of Copperus 1 £ of Coifie >2 ^ 
bowle of tody aud 4 yards of Quality aud i^ £ of Madder for which I paid 
him 3-13-2 Bay old Ten' 

15"^ was a Rainy day and I went and got Shed to new temper one Ax 
and Shut the Eye and upset and temper another 

16*'^ We Butchered a Sow and a barrow they weighed 314 £ and I lent 
my bror Sam^i a bushell of Salt And I lent Tho' McLaughlin a peck of 
salt 

17"^ the boys aud I went with the Team and hauled 140 Rails and 11 
posts to the Road between aud the little meadow we got about 130 on 
Matthew Littles laud and the Reuiainder and the posts we got on my 
brors laud' 

] 9"i I got Shed to lay an ax for me it was a Rainy day the wind checked 
to the Northwest very quick in the evening and blowed Extremly high it 
broke an apple tree off in the Middle a little N: W: from the hoiise 

20* Was a Very cold windy day and I Rambled through the woods 
looking for shingle stuff 

31*^' I set out for Amherst and took 4 bushell of corn to Capt Moors mill 
my business to Amherst was to get the money for Esqr Cuttler on the 



MATTHEW TATTEN's DIARY. 335 

aect of the order that Esqr Clark drawee! for me on him but he could not 
pay me any aud I lodged at Hildreths I tarried overnight on Esqr 
Shepards affair 

23'! I came home and brot home the meal from Capt Moors my Expences 
was with an ounce of Snuff and a pound of powder that I bot came to 
1-19-8 Bay old ten^ 

23"^ I got James Orr to make a new shoe of his iron and Steeled the toe 
aud heel and Steeled the heel of another and set them on my horses hind 
feet 

24tii I went to Lieut John Pinkcrtous and I got 20 £ of cotton aud a 
bottle of snuff aud small punch bowle the Cotton 12/ Bay old ten"^ pr 
pound the Snuff was 14/3 and the punch bowle was 8/3 all Bay old tenor 
and I paid for the snuff and the bowle and for half of the Cotton the other 
half I am to pay in a month 

26"^ It fell a snow about 3 or 4 inches deep and crusted a little and 
Rained a considerable 

27th s^Q all hands got wood we got three load & I let Nathan Shed 
have a note I have against Jonathan Currier of six shillings with Intrest 
untill paid it was dated the 13th of Janmy 1767 the Intrest came to 2/9 
aud I charged him with it on book 

28"^ We got home one load of wood and it began to snow and snowed 
very hard and fell about a foot deep it snowed all the Remainder of the 
day and considerable in the evening and spit snow all night 

29"' it continued cloudy and some piles of snow fell the wind at N: N: 
E: all this storm and was very tedious to endure and I split 194 Barrel 
Staves 

30"i We got home 3 load of w^ood 

31«' I hauled 20 baskets of Coal for Shed and we got home 2 load of 
wood 

JANUARY 1775 

2'' Bob and I w^ent and brot out 152 Rails and 62 posts to the Road from 
the west end of William Barnetts land and we brot 36 Rails home 

S*! I took 3 bushell of Rie to Capt Moors mill and got it ground and in 
the evening I drawed a Writ for John Bell against Jonathan Currier unpd 

4"! I went to McGaws and got 83^ £ of Cod fish and 2 £ of shugar on 
Credit came to 1-1-5 Bay old tenor and I had }^ a bowle of tody for which 
I paid him 2/1 Bay old tenor for 

6"' I took 4 bushell of grain two of corn and two of Rie to Capt Moors 
Mill and got it Ground and I had the Toal and I went to McGaws and 
I got 2 £ of Raisons and a quire of paper on credit and I had )o' a bowle of 
Tody for mch I paid 2/6 Bay old Ten' and came by Capt Moors Mill and 
brot home the meal and I sent the order I had from Esqr Clark on Esqr 
Cuttler by my bror Sam'* to Esqr Cuttler to get the money 

7"> we butchered our hog being the last we have to Mil this Winter he 
weighed 206 £ and my Bror Returned the order that I sent to Esqr Cuttler 
iinauswered 

9 & ] 0"' We got home 3 load of wood each day 



336 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

11th y^Q g-Qt; a load of Wood to the School aud I set off for Haverill for 
sole leather and lodged at Robert McMiirphys 

12"> James drawed about 45 or 50 bushell of Coal for shed and I went to 
Haverhill and lodged at Capt Greenleaf s 

13"^ I bot a side of Sole leather from Mr Benj" Moors of 17 £ weight at 
a pistereen a pound and I got 14 coppers worth of sniiff a fun (?) card an 
Almanack from Nathan Blodget for which I paid 11/11 Bay old tenor and 
I got }4 £ "^i peper and a pound of Coffie from another man for which I 
paid 18/9 Bay old tenor my Expences at Greeuleafs was 16/3 Bay old 
tenor and on the Road was 6/ 2 Bay old tenor and I came home before 
bed time on yesterday Esqr Dow paid me 15/ Bay old tenor being what 
Remained due on his part of the last note that him and his bror job and 
Mr Favour gave me for the land they bot of me in Goffestown and he 
gave me my Dinner 

14^^ I went to Sheds to get a shoe set on my horses fore foot but could 
not and I went and cut 11 walnut hoop poles on my brors lott by Deacon 
Littles 

16"^ Col Goffe and I Met on the affair of Mrs Hepper and her Daughter 
they settled the affair themselves and Mr Houston paid the cost 

17'^ Shed set a Shoe on my horses fore foot the shoe was mine Ready 
iitted Exceept sharping aud I cut 40 hoop poles N: W: from the meeting 
house and I went to Deacon Walkers and did as much Writings as come 
to 5/ Lawful for John aud I would not take anything for it 

Igth I went to Lieut Pinkertous to oiu* sceen meeting we voted to Rais 
a Crown Sterling on a Right And I paid Pinkerton 6 £ Bay old tenor for 
10 £ of Cotton I had from him the 34th of last Decbr and I got a Gallon of 
Molasses from him for which I paid him 2/ Lawful 

20'^ I went to Capt Moors mill and took with me 2 bushell of Indian 
corn and two of Rie and had it Ground and I went to McGaws and got 
21^ £ of pigtail tobacca came to ^^ a dollar and I paid him two pistereens 
of it and David aud Bob cut about one half a hundred of Oak hoop poles 
between and the Caiisway 

21"' I and Bob went with the Team and got the 40 poles I cut the r7th 
and about on Chandlers and the Ministerial we got so as to bring home 
a load with part of what Bob and David ciit yesterday 

24"! I sent the order I had from Esqr Clark on Esqr Cuttler by Richard 
McAllester to get the money and he paid Means a note he had of mine of 
2-10-0 and Intrest for S% months and he paid to Cutler for the Remainder 
of the Extent the town brot against him for Rates 1-8-4 Lawful and the 
Remainder he brot me in cash and Cutler sent me a months Intrest 

25'h I went and Run lines for David Moor and Tho'' MacLaughlin I 
divided Tho" 30 acres of that lott that him and David Moor bot from 
James Patterson by Lieut Voses and janiey and Bob cut a hundred hoop 
poles on Sam^i Moors land we have cut 2)0 hundred of hoop poles on his 
land in all 

26"' I went to Sam^' McFarlands and took 5 Depositions for him and 
Daniel in their case ^yith. Enoch Page and I staid at Sam" McFarlands all 
night 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 337 

27"* I got 1500 of hay from Sam" MeFarland aud he got liis bror Daniels 
oxeu with his own aud brot it home to my Barn 

38*** I got about 1000 £ of hay from William Newman 

30"» I weut to McGregores aud I got 3 £ of Shiigar a pound of Coffie 
half a Gallon of Rum aud a quart mug aud half a bowle of Tody and 
a Horu comb aud a poriuger I got there the 23d of last November for all 
which I paid him 5/6 lawful 

31^' I attended the funeral of Deacon Walkers son John who Died the 
28th aud I let our John have a dollar 

FEBRUARY 

P' I Run the lines of the home lott No 39 on Merrimack River for Capt 
John Moor and his brother Sam'' and jamey and Bob cut fence loggs for Mr 
Shed it was a frolick 

2^1 I weut to Esqr Blodgets and took a bushell of Indian corn and 
a bushell of Rie and got them ground and I got a Quire of corse paper 
there for which I paid 8 pence lawful and I had i^ a bowle of tody at 
McGregores for which I paid 4 pence lawful 

3 & 4"' Hugh Orr shaved hoops for me on acct of what he owes me aud 
a Writ he is to pay me for that I gave james Caldwell against David 
Briaut aud I worked at finishing the plan of the Survey I did this fall and 
I pd Sam" MeFarland 2 dollars toward the hay 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM FEBRUARY 4th 1775 

6"* I set off from Portsmouth with the plan of the survey I did this faul 
at the desire of the Proprietors of Cockermouth (viz) Col Hale Majr 
Hobart and Mr Ames and lodged at Robert McMurphys 

7"* I arrived at Portsiuoutli 

8 9 & 10"' the case was decided and we Settled with Mr Livermore Col 
Hale and Majr Hobart for my journey I charged 14 Dollars for my journey 
being 7 days at 2 Dollars pr day and to be paid by the plaut aud Def ts in 
Equal halves and Col Hale and Majr Hobart paid me 4 Dollars of their 
half 

11"' I set out from Portsmoutli about one of the Clock in the afternoon 
and came to Majr Tolfords aud lodged there 

12"' I came home being Sabath day and Snowed all day it fell 5 or (i 
inches deep 

13"' I lay by only Shaving 10 or 11 hoops 

14"' I shaved }o a hundred of hoops 

15"' I went to Col Lutwybhes to Settle my Note aud my averige out of 
Capt Parkers Estate but he was at Esqr Clagets and did not get it done 
and I got a Gallon of Molasses and 5 pound of Shugar from McGaw on 
Credit aud I had fo' a bowle of tody at McGaws for which I paid 2/6 Bay 
old Tenor 

16"' I weut to Capt Moors mill aud took 2 bushell of Indian and 2 of Rie 
aud got tliem ground and I had th(^ Toal and I Reed 55/ Bay old Tenor 
from Augustus Blauchard for my Service about some land in Goffestown 
22 



838 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

last year and he sent a Dollar to Col Goffe and another to Capt Walker for 
their service and Hugh Orr shaved hoops for me he shaved 240 

17"' janiey Orr made some ox shoes for me of my iron 

Igth \ye settled with our school master and my part that I owe him now 
is ii}4 Dollars and a pistereen more than he has got And I gave George 
Hogg a "writ and Summons against Adam Dickey and a Summons for three 
witnesses unpaid 

20th J went to MacGregores and I got a sken of Silk and an Eartheru 
Pitcher and mug for which I paid 18/4 Bay old Ten'' 

3P* Was a Meeting at Amherst of Amherst and Bedford to chuse a Rep- 
resentative which I attended and Was chosen Moderator and We chose 
Paul Dudley Sergant to Represent the two towns he had 74 votes and Col 
Goffe had 47 and I was chose one of the Commitee to prepare instructions 
for Mr Sergant and I lodged at Mr Hildreths 

23'^ I came home I got a Quire of paper and a pound of Coffie and 1.3 an 
ounce of Snuff from Means for which I paid 19/3 Bay old Tenor and I got 
a snuff box from Mr Keen for which I pd 5/ Bay old Tenor and I got 21-2 
£ of Chalk for which I paid \ Bay O: T: and I had a shoe set on one of 
my horses fore fe'et for which paid 2/6 bay old Ten'' my charges at Hil- 
dreths was 17/3 bay old Tenor yesterday I -wTit a Deed from W'" Low to 
Aaron Gage of lows place and I went by Lows and took the acknowledge- 
ment Gage paid me 2/ for going that way and takeing the acknowledge- 
ment and Low paid me a shilling for ■s\Titing the Deed 

23"! I got jamey Orr to almost finish a pair of Nippers of my iron a 
Stormy day from the N: E: 

24th Qj-j. finished niakeing my Nippers and mended one of the tines of 
my hay fork and Shed laid an ax for me 

25"' I went to Philip Ferrins and got 4 bushell of Rie by his lialf biishell 
but I measured two bushell of it by the standard in Bedford and it lacked 
three quarts and almost a pint so that the 4 bushell fell short almost seven 
quarts And I took it to Capt Moors mill and got it gTound and I had the 
Toal I had the Rie from Ferrin toward the 3 Calves he had from me last 
Summer 

27"' I went with the Master to Martins and there I drawed james Voses 
acct on the proprietors of this town and then I went to John Bells to the 
Selectmen and I got an order on John Bell for 0-15-7-3 and another on 
John Wallace for 0-3-4-1 in lieu of an order I had on Richard McAllester 
in the year 1763 of nineteen pounds old Tenor and I spent half a bowle of 
tody for which I paid 2/ 6 Bay old tenor 

28"' I made a new glass for my Compass and Repaired which has lyn out 
of order since it was broke when Robert McClure borrowed it the last day 
of last jan 

MARCH FIRST 

I went to job Dows in Goffestown to View and Value a lott of Col: 
Atkinson (viz) No 2 in the 5th Rang south side of Piscataquog for Mr 
Purmitt of Merrymac it was a Stormy day it fell about 2 inches of 
Snow we could not Run the lines of the lott and only went across it my 
Exp^nces was 2/ Bay old Tenor at Dows Sam" McFarland Settled his case 



MATTHEW patten's DIAF.Y. 339 

with Enoch Page and Page paid him 10/ Lawful for my going to Goffes- 
town and takeiug f onr Depositions for McFarland and I alowed McFarland 
to keep the pay as I had not paid him enough for the hay I had from him 
this Winter and I came home at 10 or 12 of the clock at Night the wind 
high & cold & Capt Melvin pd my wife 3 dollars their part for my joiu-ney 
to Portsmouth 

2^1 James Vose and I went to Esq'' Clagets and Harvils and about in 
Litchfield to try to borrow money to pay Capt John Moor and his bror 
Sam'i ^-jjg money that Vose and my bror Samuell borrowed from them to 
pay the cost of the suit that the town brot against Matthew McDuffie 
And I filled a Blank Deed from Benja" Baxter to Jacob McGaw and took 
the acknowledgement M"^. answered a shilling in the price of a pair of Cot- 
ton Cards I had from him this day the Cards was 4/ La'W'f ul and I paid 
him Yz a Dollar more for the Cards and I paid him /4 Lawful for a bowle 
of tody that Vose and I had 

?>^ I paid our School Master two Dollars and 36/ Bay old tenor which 
with 3 Dollars I paid him before made my part of his wages in which was 

10 a pistereen being my part of i"^.! a dollar that is wanting of his wages in 
Dunbarton that is comeing to us 

4"' I went to Philip Ferrius and got two bushell of Rie being the last of 
the pay for the Calves he had from me last f aul and he made me an allow- 
ance for the smallness of his half bushel of all I had from him and I took 
it to Capt Moors Mill and got it ground and I had the toal 

6"^ I sett out for Portsmouth in the Dispute between the Proprs of 
Plymouth and Cockermouth and tarried the 18th I Returned home I 
charged Eleven days at two Dollars a day Col: Fenton paid me the half 
being 1 1 Dollars and Maj Hobart paid me three Crowns toward the other 

11 Dollars and the Remainder being 7 7^ he and Col: Hale owes me yet my 
expences Avith some trifles I bot was 8 1.3 Dollars while I was in Portsmouth 
I WTit a lease for Nathaniel Sheaf Griffeth and Hugh Montgomery for 
which I charged 2/ which they paid 

20*1' I -went to Robert Alexanders and gave him Six Dollars which paid 
him for all the Rie I had from last year (with what I had paid him be- 
fore) and foui- pistereens over and I got four bushell of Rie from him this 
day and I sent it to Capt Moors mill by Capt Moors team and I got 7 £ of 
shugar and a poiind of Coffie and an ounce of Onion seed and i.< a bowle 
of tody from McGaw for which I paid him a Dollar 

21"' I fitted the fore part of the day at my compass & the afternoon I 
went to Capt Moors and got the 4 bushell of Rie I sent there yesterday 
ground and I had the toal 

22<i I Writ a Summons for Capt Walker in his son Silas and John Littles 
case for four Witnesses and I went with Calvin Johnson and Run the 
lines of the lott that he has bot from Enos Bradford in the Sixth Rang and 
then I went and Rim the East end of the two lotts he got in the fifth Rang 
and the south side unpaid 

23'i I went tO' Capt Walkers and spent the day arbitrating between 
Silas Walker and John Little with james Martin and janies Vose we 
charged nothing for our trouble 



340 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

24*11 I writ a lease and counterpane for Saniuell Moor and Aniaziali Pol- 
lard of Moors place I charged half a Dollar they promised to pay it in 
Eqiial halves 

2o"> I writ a Deed from Matthew Little to janies Cairns of the half of 
his home place and Cairns came for me at Bed time and I went \^'ith him 
to his uncles and took the acknowledgement of the Deed and sit the whole 
night in Drawing Matthew Littles Will and finished between break of 
Day and Sunrise and he Signed it and I came home the fore part of the 
day 

26"^ James Little came about one or two of the clock and informed me 
that his bror wanted to have some addition and and some alterations and 
I went to writing and writ till night 

27tii I got to Writing and Cau-ns came and said that his uncle wanted I 
should go there and I went and allmost finished the second di-aft and by 
Reason of some further thoughts I had to Draw a thii'd and finished and 
had it signed after night and I came lionie about Bed time and Matthew 
gave me six sheets of paper 

28*'* I writ a Deed from Isaac Marston to William Palmer I charged 40/ 
old tenor for it and the acknowledgement they paid me 37/6 old Tenor of 
it and Palmer owes me 2/6 old Tenor yet 

29th Was our annual meeting which I attended and Swore the town offi- 
cers and I swore the Commitee that set oft' james Steels Wifes thirds for 
which Steel paid me a shilling 

30'^'' I went to Robert Alexanders and got four bushell of Rie and took it 
to Oapt Moors mill but could not get it ground And I went to Hugh Camp- 
bells and Vendiied his farm to John Manoughau for 398 Dollars & I Ven- 
dued several other articles We finished about 1}4 hour before break of day 
I stayed all night 

31^' I assisted Hugh Campbell in Drawing the Deed and Settling with 
Thomas Boies uutill about 10 o clock I charged 1^2 Dollar and Campbell 
paid me the money and one Mr Holebrook from Killingsly came to get 
some information about some land of his fathers in this town I gave him 
a line what I thot the Value was he urged me to take a pistereen which I 
did after considerable urging 

APRIL FIRST 

I went to Capt Moors mill and got the Meal of the Rie I took there on 
the 30th Ult and I had the Toal and as I was comeing home I took the 
acknowledgement of a mortgage Deed from John Mauoughan to Thomas 
Boies of Hugh Campbells place that he sold to said Manouglian Day be- 
fore yesterday for which Manoughan Gave me a pistereen and I coiild not 
give him the change and he gave me y*" overphis 

3<^ jamey helped his uncle John and Bob & David and I cut wood split 
two pine trees for wood 

4tu I Went to Amherst to Arbitrate between William Gordon and 
Thomas Murdough with Col: Lutwj^che and Esqr Fletcher and we ad- 
joiu-ned at Murdoiighs Request till Thursday for his bringing some papers 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 841 

from Hisborougli which was occasioned by Gordons laying in a demand of 
Two notes which had been Settled before 

5th I ^ypj(; a Deed from Enos Bradford to Cahau Johnson of three 50 lotts 
in Bedford and a Mortgage of the same to Bradford for security 

6*'^ we met and on the 7th and finished the arbitration Murdough fell 
32-7-101^ Debt the cost of Rafiferance was 3-5-0 the cost of court to be 
taxed at court Murdough paid my Expences at Hildreths I Reed Two Dol- 
lars for my time from Col: Lutwyche for Mr Godon I sit the Remainder 
of the days, in the Sessions and finished the Session and I paid Lieut Hil- 
dreth 2-3-6 Bay old Tenor being the Remainder of james Vose and my 
Expences at the Superiour coui't last September and came home in the 
night 

9"^ I paid james McOlure a dollar toward what shoes he made for us 

10"> I went and Run the lines of Jacob Freezes lott and William Barnett 
is to pay X hy Gelding my calves lambs &c and Nathan shad is to pay 
another }4 and Freize is to pay the one half I charge )4 a dollar in all and 
james Orr mended the Straps of my Spade 

11"» I finished drawing one of the leases of the School lotts to Hugh 
Campbell and he promised to pay me I coiild not have time to Write the 
other And I went to David Sawyers in Goffestown and I measured off 
six acres of josiah Woods land to Sa^vyer ancj. I measured off sixty 
acres to Timothy Johnson of the lott No 11 in the 5th Rang on the 
South side of Piscataquog Sawyer owns the Remainder and I got 4 Gal- 
lons of Molasses from Sam^i Moor at 17/ Bay old Tenor pr Gallon The 
Kagg and molasses and a long Strap weighed 54 £ 

12"' was a tedious Storm of Snow and hail and some Rain the wind 
Northeasterly and cold the most tedious storm we have had this long time 
if any to equal it all winter every circnmstance considered 

ISt"! Shed Steeled the toes of two shoes and Sett them On my horses fore 
feet and I went to McGregores and got a pound of Coffie and a Glas of 
Rum made into Tody for which I paid a pistereen and three coppers and 
in the forenoon I writ a letter to Deacon Williams to know the state of his 
accts as Treasurer for the propriety t)f Sowhegan East 

14th J ^yi-i^ a lease of John Monaughus place to John Glene for which 
Monaiighan paid me 1 ig pistereen with 1/6 Bay old Tenor that he over- 
paid me when I took the acknowledgement of his Mortgage deed to 
Thomas Boies made the two shillings for the leases today & I got 4 bushell 
of Rie from Rob' Alexander and got it Ground at Capt Moors and I had 
the Toal 

15**1 I got a streek of tire for my Cart that weighed 13 £ in the barr 
from james Martain and he turned up the ends and punched the nail holes 
And I -writ a long deed from Eben^ Wood to liis son Jonathan and a note 
and I took the acknowledgement I charged 2/6 Lawful and Jonathan 
promised to pay me And I drawed a Complaint and Warrant for Mr 
Joseph Currier against Sam" Richards with two subpenas for which Mr 
Currier paid me 3/8 Lawfiil 

17"i I went to Litchfield and Riin some lines for Esqr Claget he would a 
paid me but I would not take any but told him I would want his advice 



342 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

and assistance iu the affair of james Smith and me And I paid Doctor Par- 
ker 6/6 being his charge for what he had done for our Susannah of her 
money and 1/3 for what he did for my Wife and I settled my note ^\^th 
Col Lut^vyche I had 8/5 allowed me out of Capt Parkers Estate and I paid 
him 11/ 4-5 which paid wp the note and I came home 

IS*'' I made a new handle to our Spade and made a pole to fish at the 
ponds 

19"' I got james Orr to make two hoops for our great Kittle one of them 
was my iron the other was Sheds and he made part of a chain for my Can- 
uoe of my iron and writ a deed from Alexander McCalley to his son Alex- 
ander and I took the acknowledgement unpaid 2/ 

20"' I Reed the Melancholy news in the morning that General Gages 
troops had fired on our Contrymen at Concord yesterday and had killed a 
large number of them our town was notified last night We Generay met 
at the meeting house about 9 of the Clock and the Number of twenty or 
more went Directly off from the Meeting house to assist them And I came 
to Sheds and james Orr made me a great wheel Spindle of my Steel and 
he mended the Ear of a little kittle and finished the chain for my cannoe 
he found iron for near a quarter of the chain the rest was mine And our 
John came home from being down to Peutuckett and intended to Sett off 
for our army to morrow morning and our Girls sit up all night bakeiug 
bread and fitting things for him and John Dobbin 

2P' oui* John and John Dobbin and my bror Samiiell two oldest sons sett 
off and joyned Derryfield men and about six from Goffestown and two or 
3 more from this town under the comand of Capt John Moor of Derryfield 
they amounted to the No of 45 in all Sunkook men and two or three others 
that joined them marched in about an hour after they to 35 there was nine 
more went along after them belonging to Pennykook or thereabouts and 
I went to McGregores and I got a pound of Coffie on Credit 

22<i I was wakened in the morning by Mrs Chandlers comeing with a 
letter from the Comitee of the Provincial Congress for calling another 
Congress of the Pi-oviuce iinmeadeately and I went with it as fast as could 
to John Bells but he was gone to our army and both the others allso and I 
went to Robert Alexanders and got 4 biTshell of Rie on Credit and took it 
to Capt Moors mill and got it ground and I had it the Toal and I had }.< a 
bowle of Tody at McGaws for which I paid /4 Lawful 

24tii luy neck was so stiff that I could not do anything with a cold I had 
got 

35th I went and notified on the River Road to meet at the meeting house 
in the afternoon on oiu- publick Distress and I went to Col : Goffes to ask 
his advice and met toward evening and acted on what we thot necessary 
and my Brors jos helped me with their 3 pair of Oxen to cross plow 

26"' I went at the desire of the town to Col Goffes and Merrils and 
MacGregores and Cautioned them to take Special care of Strangers and 
persons Suspected of being Torys Crossing the River to Examin and 
Search if they judge it needful and I got a pound of Coffie and nine flints 
from MacGregore for which I paid him 11/8 Bay old tenor 

27th Was the Province Fast bv the Governors Pi'oclamation 



MATTHEW TATTEN'S DIAliY. 343 

28"^ 1 began to Stock Capt Blairs Gun and I went and got jamey Orr to 
forge nie a Screw nail for the breach of the Gun and I fitted it and cut 
tlie screws and he made lue a burning iron all of my iron 

29"^ I worked some at Stocking the Gun and the boys planted Potatoes 

MAY 1st 

the boys planted potatoes and I worked at the Gun and William Barnet 
gelded 3 lambs and a Boar for us and our John and John Dobbin came 
home 

2^ Shed forged a Guard and some Rods for pining on the Quills and 
Stock on the Gun and I attended a Meeting of the town on oiu- affairs of 
the country and Capt Moor had a training and our John and John Dobbin 
came home 

3<i I finished Stocking Capt Blairs Gun and the Boys got our Dung and 
planted some at Potatoes 

4"i I gave Jonathan Wood a Warrant of apprizement to apprize a mare 
he impounded yesterday unpaid 

4"^ I with the other partners met and hung the Scene but did not Draw 
the River was so high 

5*"^ I shelled out our seed corn we have about If 2 bushell and the boys 
finished planting potatoes and I went to Mr Alexanders and got 4 bushells 
of Rie and got it Ground at Capt Moors and I had the Toal 

Qth I -vvent to the lott by Sheds and got some stuff for a Salmon pott and 
brot it home and put it into Soak 

7"^ Being Sabath day the fire came from Adam Dickeys on both sides of 
Sebeans Swamp the wind high at the South we were obliged to go all 
hands in the Evening and had to work till midnight to Stop it it came on 
a little Rain and put it out 

8"^ I shaved Some of the Stuff for the Salmon pot and split out the re- 
mainder of the stuff 

9"^ I finished Shaving the Shaving the Stuff for the pot and Bundled it 
for carrieing to the falls and jamey and David Carted off the old Cole pit 
Stuff and other Sticks off the broke up ground 

ll'h I2'h & 13th J -went to the falls and naild on the new covering on my 
Salmon pot and I borrowed 200 clapboard nails from my bror Sam" to do 
it with and in the time I hung a Nett and catched 3 Shad and Some El- 
wives and John Bell and I set the pot on our new setting place and I had 
my bror* oxen cros plowing two days 

14th I -^ent up in the Evening and got John Dunlap and Henry Stevens 
and took up the pot out of which I took Six Salmon and 4 Shad The Sal- 
mon weighed 70 £ I gave Tho* Miller 4 Shad and about 12 Elwives 

From the loth to the 20th Inclusive I fished at the falls I got 106 Ells 
and how may shad I cant Remember on the 19th we finished planting 
corn on the 16th we had a town meeting in Bedford at which we Voted to 
Shut the meeting house against Mr Houston and I was (;hosen to attend 
the County Congress next Wednesday at Amherst 

22<i I got 27 Ells for my Divide and I borrowed 78 that I sent home 105 
and 10 jamey Patterson gave 10 Ells for me for Rum 



344 MATTHEW patten's DIAF.Y. 

28'^ no fisli got at the falls and I came home to go to the cougi-ess 

24*'* our Boss cow took bull aud I went to the congress and came home 
at break of day my Expeuces was was about 16/(5 bay old Tenor 

25"* I went to the falls and Tarried untill the 27th at night the boys and 
I got as many Eels as paid what I had borrowed from Racket viz 78 and I 
borrowed 11 from jamey Patterson and 13 from Sam'' Patterson and 15 of 
my own made 39 

29"* I went to Amherst and met the Rest of the Commitee and we took 
the care of the Goal and took from under his hand to Deliver it to us the 
first Tuesday in July next and I came homo at Break of day next morning 
my Expences was 19/6 Bay old Tenor 

The rest of the month I fished but how many I got I dont Remember 

JUNE 3d 

« 
I ^vrit a Deed from Charles Blacks widow to John Gardner and took the 

acknowledgement both unpaid 

7th ^p iiad a fine Shower and jamey and I fished at the Setting place 
and got Six Salmon 

gtii my brors John and my jamey and I fished at our Setting place and 
got five Salmon and we had 3 of them 

12"* David and I fished and we got 8 Salmon one of 10 £ I sold to Rob' 
MacGregore and 3 to David Gage of 34 £ and I am to have a pair of 
Piimps from him and I lent one of 9)4 £ to Rob' Richardson and one I 
gave to Alex'' MacMurphy 

14"* David and I fished and we got Six Salmon and 5 Shad the Salmon 
weighed 68 £ and I let Nathan Shed have them all they came to 14/7 1/5 

16"* David and I fished and we got one that weighed 10 £ and we had 
two large Salmon broke through the nett the one we got I let John Wal- 
lace have and he paid me the money for it 

17"* I with my bror went to John Bells to ■s\Tite an answer to Mr Mac- 
Gregores letter in behalf of the town 

19"* jamey and Bob and I went to the mouth of the brook and hauled 
and catched Six Salmon they weighed 76 £ I divided in equal halves with 
Martin and I let Stephen Frenches wife have two that weighed 24 £ And 
I ^^Tit all the fore part of the day in framing an answer to Mr Macgi'e- 
gores letter to John Bell And the afternoon I attended Matthew Littles 
funeral And Bob and David fished at the Setting place and got 1 Salmon 
that weighed 10 £ and Rob' MacGregore had it toward fishing expences 
they got two Shad allso 

20"* I worked at makeing a pail 

2P' David and I fished and we got three Salmon and I let David Gage 
have two that weighed 21 £ and the other I brot home 

22'i Was a fast by order of the Provincial Congress and I sent ^o of the 
Salmon to Sam" Gordon that I brot home yesterday & our Belled Cow 
took Bull 

23'^ David and I fished and I catched 5 Salmon by Scooping they 
weighed 60 £ and I let David Gage have two that weighed 21 £ and I got 
one from Robert Richardson that he owed me of 10 £ 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 345 

34*'' I gave jaiues Caldwell oue of the salmou I got yesterday aud I weut 
to the Falls but got uo salmon Aud I gave a uotificatiou to Col Starks sou 
W" for his father to Notifie Capt Page to come and hear some depositions 
taken at McGregores on Monday next 

2(5*'' I went to MacGregores aud Swore 4 Witnesses for Col : Stark to be 
improved at Exeter at the Cougress in their Disputes in Duubartou unpaid 
and I borrowed a Salmon of O^o £ of james Patterson for my bror to take 
to the army 

27"' I went to the Falls and Fished and got uo Salmou 

28 29 & 30*'' I got some White Ash and made some Scoop nett bows on 
the 30th John came home on a furlow 

JULY 1st 

I made some scoop nett bows and I sit up a pail 

3'^ 1 hooped the pail I set up the first aud the afternoon I went with 
Sam'^ Vose my Bror^ and met John Bell at Adam Dickeys And took his 
Wifes Deposition aud james Mathies aud his son Roberts of some dis- 
course Mr Houston had to them Relating the cruel acts of Parliament 

4"' I went to Aiuherst to the County Cougress and it Rained near night 
aud untill near dark and I tarried over night at Heldreths my Expences 
was 17/2 Bay old Tenor 

5*'* I came home in the morning nothing material untill the 11th when 
John sett off for the Army he Rid my horse down iu the time I made la 
pail and a washing tub and went to McGregores to See Lieut McCalley 
about comeing to assist as a commiteemau concerning Mr Houston bu.t did 
not see him on the 10th Martain aud I got Six Salmon that weighed I sup- 
pose about 60 £ we did not weigh them we gave Capt Moor one of them 
we had the half of the six 

12*'' We got 11 Salmon they weighed 123 £ I had the half aud martin 
was 10 £ ahead of me and I had that made up aud I am 7 £ ahead of Mar- 
tin Aud janiey aud Bob and my brors John went off iu the evening and 
catched 10 that weighed 1 1 1 £ we had % of them and I weut to see Lieut 
McCalley but he was not at home and I writ a letter to him aud Sent it by 
james Riddel 

13*'' I weut to Amherst to judge Esqur Whiting for his being a Tory 
and I took two Salmon with me that weighed 20 £ I sold one to Mr Hil- 
dreth and I gave him the other I had 2/C pr £ Bay old Tenor my expences 
was 16/6 Bay old Tenor 

14 & 15*'^ I with Deacon Boies and John Wallace apprized Matthew Lit- 
tles Estate 

IT*'' There was 4 of Goffestown Committee aud 4 of Merrymac and 2 
from Derryfield met in Bedford by the desire of Bedford commitee to 
judge of Mr Houston beiug an Enemy to this country they judged him 
Guilty and confined him to the county without leave from the majr part 
of oue of the commitees of the towns who judged him we broke up the 
next morning after day break 

18*'' I did uo business 

1!)*'' I worked at Stocking a Gun for Mr Baker of Derryfield 



346 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

20*11 "Was tlie Coutineutal Fast aud Mr Cook preached with us in Bed- 
ford he preached with us last Sabath day which was the first preaching 
we have had since we sliut the meeting house doors agt Mr Houston 

2P' I Ahnost finished Stocldng Mr Bakers Gun and janiey and Bob 
Reaped for Mr Shedd for which he is to hoe for nie 

23'^ Mr Sliedd hoed for me for the boys Reaping for liim yesterday 

23<i Mr Cook preached in Bedford 

24th ^Q finished hilling the new field west from the barn 

25th y^Q worked at makeing a new cow yard and plowing up the old one 
and David went to his uncle Alex'^ to mill 

26*'' I got two Tea ciip fulls of Turnii^ seed from old Mrs Turil for which 
I gave her 3/ Bay old Tenor and I sowed the yard with seed and we fin- 
ished makeing the new cow yard in the forenoon and we reaped the After- 
noon 

27*'' was a very Refreshing Rain and we lay by and did not Reap 

28 & 29"' we Reaped in the field by the Barn 

30"' Mr Burnap preached in Bedford 

31st -^e finished Reaping the field by the Barn there was 32 Stooks in it 
and we got it carted into the barn 

AUGUST FIRST 

I butchered our heifers Calf it was a very poor and not large and the 
boys began to Reap in the old Field before the house and I writ severall 
letters viz 8 to Divers of the Comitee of the county to meet at Amherst the 
8th instant to do something about Lancey and Silas Barron 

2(1 3d 4th ^ j^]^Q gth at noon we finished Reaping we have 41 Stooks aud 
5 Sheaves in the field before the house We have 73 Stook and 5 Sheaves in 
all this year and we took the skin of the Calf we killed the 1st Instant to 
Stephen French to Tan 

7"' I went allong the River as far as McGaws and round by Neasmiths 
aud Tho^ Wallaces enquireing after my Calf that stroled away but could 
hear nothing of it and I got a pint of Brandy at McGaws for which I paid 
6/0 Bay old tenor 

gtii I went to Amherst to meet the commitee of the County to do some- 
thing between Tho** Lancey and Silas Barron but there was none of them 
come but Dauiell Campbell and we could do nothing and I came home in 
the night my expences was 5/ Bay old tenor aud I took the acknowledge- 
ment of a Deed from Capt Moor to Charles Black for Blacks widow 

gth iQth 11th ^ p^jj-t; Qf fijg 12"' cloudy and raiu and I fitted of some new 
Rakes 

13"' Mr Webster preached in Bedford 

14"' I brot the fii-st load of hay from the little meadow 

15th jgtii ^ 17th I ]jj.ot a load each day and jamey Bob aud David stayed 
at the meadow since Monday morning they all came home tonight there 
was a great Shower attended with a great deal of thunder and lightening 
in the night 

IS"* the boys dryed the hay at the meadow and I Reed a Sixteen Shill- 
ing bill from Dauiell MacFarland on his note by oui- Susey 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 347 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM AUGUST 18 1775 

19"^ I brot a load of hay from the lueadow 

20t'i ]\/[j. Cook preached in Bedford 

31^' I brot a load of hay from the meadow & Siisey bot 2 £ of tobacca 
from johu Wallace and paid a pistereeu for it 

22<i I paid Moses Watt Thu-ty two shillings Bay old tenor for kuiting 
my part of the scene the two last seasons being 20/ one year and 12/ the 
other and I brot a load of hay from the meadow 

23'^ I brot a load of hay from the meadow 

24*'^ I butchered a weather sheep that weighed 35 1^ £ ^nfl I hrot a load 
of hay from the meadow 

25*'' I brot in a load from the meadow and a small load out of the mead- 
ow at home 

26*^ I went and Run the hues of the meadow lott no 55 in the little 
meadow for Col Daniel Moor and the boys burned the Brow between the 
meadoAv and the old field by my brors 

27"' Mr Cotton preached in Bedford in exchange with Mr Cook 

28"' I went and Split a Rail cut between this and James Caldwells it 
made 17 Rails we hauled it to the path last Winter and I fell a tree on my 
brors land and cut of a length for Rails and Quartered it 

29"' Was a Rainey day and Shed put a peice of his iron to one of my 
betle Rings and worked it over and made a new one of it and I Coppyed 
at the Inventory of Matthew Littles Estate about half the afternoon 

30"' Deacon Boies John Wallace and I met at widow Littles and finished 
apprizeing and coppying the Inventory and went to Swear to the apprize 
but Col Golfe was not at home 

31»- I went to Col Littles and from there to McGregores after Vinigar 
to Save pickles it Rained considerable in the afternoon I had a bowle of 
tody at McGregores for which I paid /8 La Mo 

SEPTEMBER 

1^* I went to Deacon Walkers after Vinegar and I cut 4 treas for Rails 
N W of the Meeting house 

2'^ We got our hay at the little meadow dried and brot it home I have 
but Eleven jags there in all this year 

3<i Mr Cook preached in Bedford from Revelations 8d and latter part of 
the 1st verse the wind high at about E N E and in the afternoon it Raind 
considerable 

4"' it was cloudy all day and I went N W of the Meeting house and 
I cut and Split the trees into Rails that John fell last faul on the Minis- 
terial land and David and Alex"^ came out ^vith the Team and brot home 
53 Rails 

5th ^g igiit 41^ bushells of Apples to Deacon Littles and a barrel and 
they (viz) Deacon Little and Amaziah Pollard filled up the barrel with 
what my apples made and Deacon Little gave me his part and Bob took 
home 32 Rails of what John fell and 17 posts of our last years getting and 
I cut off' 4 Rail cuts and butted them 



348 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

6"^ Bob went and bi'ot home the barrel of Cydar from Deacon Littles 
and he brot a barrel from there to Mr Sheds and I went and split 58 Rails 
N: W: of the Meeting house and I had mad a hoop for our large snuff mill 
and Drawed the point of two Eell hooks and we got £ of Rice that John 
bot and Sent up by Zechariah Chandler for us 

7"^ we Sent a pound of Ribwort Tea and a Salt Salmon by Mr Shed to 
John and my mfe and I went a Visiting to William Wallaces and I went 
to Rob' Neasmiths and Riin lines for him for which I charged him 2/ La: 
Mo: unpaid 

gth ^ gth -yyg worked at the hay in the meadow we got all mowed and 
two load in 

11th -^g began to Cut at our stalks and we got the hay all in cock 

12'''> I went to Tho^ Newmans in Derryfield and got a bushell of Rie 
from him for Mr Shedd and got it ground at Griffins And the afternoon 
I went to Esqr Blodgetts and Attended as a Commissioner on Capt 
Perkins Estate but no Creditors came Shed gave me money to pay my 
ferriage and I had ^4 a bowle of tody at McGregores for which I paid 
four pence very near and I paid Mr Merril what I owed him for ferriage 
being /9 La: Mo: 

13"^ We got in the hay of the south branch of the meadow being the 
last and we bound and Shocked the Stalks we have 37 Shock 

14'^^ & 15*'^ jamey and Bob thrashed 11 Stook of Rie and I cleaned it up 
with Some that was thrashed before I cleaned up 13 bushell and almost 
a half and we took 14 bushel of apples to my brothers and put in with his 
and filled up two barrel full of Cydar 

16"^ I sowed about 3 bushel of Rie among our corn and hoed part of it 
in and I went to McGaws and I got three pints of brandy and two pounds 
of Alum and a pound of copperas for which I paid him 31/9 Bay old Tenor 
and I came to Thomas Wallaces and I got 3 £ of tobacca for which I paid 
13^ pistereens 

18"* I sowed a bushell of Rie among the corn and I went to Griffins mill 
and I took two bushell of Rie and I got one bushell of it ground and 
I went to the falls to Veiw a place that Will'" Karr found to set a pot and 
I had ^2 a bowle of tody at MacGregores for which I paid 2/3 bay old Ten' 
And I came to the mouth of the brook and the boys came and we catched 
two Salmon that weighed 19 £ and I liad them both Martin had two that 
they catched some time ago so that these two fell to me 

19''* I sowed two bushel of Rie and cut 2 Rail cuts and fell a chestnut 
tree log post beyond the meeting house and came and attended a town 
meeting 

20"* I sowed two bushell of Rie and blocked out a yoke for our Stears 

21^' I and Alex had Sheds chau- Wheels and I went to Alex' Macmur- 
phys and took two bushell of Rie and an old chest to bring Grapes in to 
make wine or Viuigar but got but a few and I left Alex' and the horse 
and wheels and I came home 

22'' it Rained in the afternoon considerable 

23'' I went to W'" Palmers and I bot 4 Earthern Pots that came to 18/9 
Bay old Tenor on credit three of them was 5/ apeice and one was 3/9 and 



MATTHEW patten's DIAHY. 349 

Alex' aud Polly came home from their Uncle Alex'' with Sheds chair 
wheels and the two meal from there and the bushell from Gritfens that 
I left there the 18th Instant 

24"' Being Sabathday I attended the funeral of Major Moors wife of 
Derryfield Mr Cook preached a Sermon in the forenoon before the funeral 
at the Majors Barn 

25"' I went aud got Walnut at Sam" Moors for bows for my Stears and 
Shed sharpened my Drill and I sowed a bushell of Rie 

26"' I sowed two bushell of Rie and I went to Amoskeig falls and Rob' 
Gillmor of Goffestown met me at McGregores and we fitted a place for 
Setting the pot between the black Rock and the next on this side and 
I had }i a bowle of Tody at MacGregores for which I paid 2/3 bay old 
Tenor 

27"' I shaved two pair of Ox bows and the afternoon I went to McGaws 
to arbitrate between him and Rob' Neasmith but they broke up and we 
did nothing 

28"' I sowed a bushell of Rie which finished solving the Indian corn 
ground I have Sowed twelve bushell on it in all and I went aud met 
several of the partners in the Scene at the fishing ground and we haiiled 
loggs off the ground We haled on and held a meeting aud we A^oted to 
Rais a Dollar on a Right 

29"' I cleaned up 5 bushell and almost a half of Rie and the boys finished 
hoeing in the Rie on the corn land in the fore part of the day 

30"' we got in a load of corn being the first we got in this year 

OCTOBER FIRST 

Mr Webster preached in Bedford 

2'' 3^ 4"' aud 5"' We worked at harvesting the corn 

6"' I sowed the meadow bank aud the boys Raked and harrowed it in 
I sowed a little more than 3 pecks on both sides of the brook 

7"' I went and Run some lines for Col: Goffe and Bob went to mill to 
his uncle Alex'' Macmurphys and he gave him some meal more than the 
grain he carried made 

8"' Mr Webster preached in Bedford 

9"' I butchered a Weather aud we husked corn 

10"' my wife and I went to see Col: John Stark who sent us a card 
yesterday we had widow Barnets mare 

1 1'*' I with Deacon Boies and John Wallace was apprizeing at Matthew 
Littles Estate and the boys got in the last of the corn and Stalks 

12"' we finished husking we have by our basket about 90 bushell 

13"' we all went a chesnuting and got a bushell aud three pecks 

14"' we all went a chesuuting aud we got 3 bushell aud 3 pecks 

15"' Mr Webster preached in Bedford 

Ifi"' We sent Johns Surtute and leather breeches and striped shirt and 
a pound of liberty Tea to Mr Cal(h\'ells for Lieut Caldwells son Sam'"' to 
carrie down to John and David and I went Chesnuting and we got 
a bushell 

17"' I went to MacGregores on Col: Moors invitation and waited on him 



350 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

lie gave the field officers tlieir commissions and Bob David and Alex'' a 
cliesmiting and got a busliell 

18"' jamey Bob David Alex'" and I went a chesniiting and we got three 
bushell and a peck 

19"' it Rained a considerable in the night before and some today and I 
went and got a stick on the west end of Zach Chandlers land N: W: from 
the Meeting house for basket stuff 

20"' Rainy weather and the boys cleaned the potatoe Bin in the outside 
Cellar and I made a basket 

21^* an exceeding Rainy day and I made another basket and Bob went 
to Col Moors to Mill and got two bushell of Indian corn Ground being the 
first of our corn we ground this Year The Rain we have had made a great 
flood in the River it is Rare we have so large a freshet any spring 

23'! I got hoops and Ears for my Basket and fitted them off and Bob 
harrowed with our four oxen for Shed 

24"* we began to dig potatoes we diged 10 bushell being the first this 
year to lay by 

25*'' my brother Sam'' paid us 1?^ of a bushell of salt toward what they 
borrowed from us and We diged 10 bushell of potatoes and Bob went 
to mill to Col Moors and got two bushell of Rie and a bushell of Indian 
ground 

26*'! We digged 18 bushell of potatoes 

27"' We digged 30 bushell of Potatoes and I swore John Bell to the no 
of Souls in Bedford to be pd by the town 

28"^ we digged 26 Bushell of potatoes and the night following it began 
to snow after dark very fast and covered the Ground 

29"' the groiind all covered in the morning but went all off in the after- 
noon 

SO"! We digged 31 bushell of potatoes 

3Xst -^Yg digged 28 bushell of potatoes 

NOVEMBER 

1^' The boys digged about 17 bushell of poatoes being the last we have 
1 70 bushell in all this year we put them all in the Cellar and I sjient the 
day in framing a Complaint for the Selectmen to the Commitee of Saf ty 
for Mrs Heppers casting her Daughter Hannahs child on the town and a 
Warrant to the Constable to seize her goods to maintain the child and 
going with the Constable and Selectmen to Seize the goods 

2<i We began to take up our Turnips and got up the half or more of them 
and I went to help to Repair the bridge over piscataquog River there was 
one of the north shore String peices broke by bringing over John Littles 
mill stones yesterday we put in Two New ones 

d^ was a Rainey day and Alex'' and I cut at the Turnip tops 

4th -yye got up the Remainder of our Turnips and in the Evening we cut 
the topp of all bvit about half a basket we have about 12 or 13 bushell 

6"' I went to McGaws and to see james Piper to try to get some money 
from him but got none and I got five £ of tobacca from Tho^ Wallaces 
John on credit 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 351 

7*'^ was a Rainy day and I ^vrit ten letters to people that owed me for 
money I was considerable agiieish 

gth J -yyent to Col: Moors mill and I took two bushell of Indian corn and 
a bushell and a half of Rie and got it ground 

9"> was a Rainy day in the afternoon 

10*'^ Lieut Moor Butchered my Near Steer he weighed 341 £ of Beaf and 
60 £ of hide and 16 £ of Tallow it Snowed this morning so that the Ground 
was all covered it melted away by near two o clock in the afternoon 

11"> The Boys began to Cart out Dung and I hooped 3 Barrels for salting 
meat in 

12"^ Mr Webster preached in Bedford 

13"^ I went according to the Wart that the Commitee of Safty had 
signed for securing Mrs Heppers things to the meeting house to meet the 
other of the Comtee to determin who should niainten Hannah Murfeys 
child We did not determin but adjourned till Monday the 27th Instant to 
meet at my brors at ten of the Clock a forenoon we broke up between 10 
and 11 o Clock at night 

14"^ I went and Run side lines and went across the West end of Ann 
Kennedys lott att her desire I charged half a Dollar unpaid 

15th Was a Storm of Snow it snowed all day it fell about 3 inches deep 

16'h I went to Daniell MacFarlands to bring home Suseys heifer that 
was there but I could not drive her and came home without her and I 
spent the Evening with Widow Little at my brors 

17th Wg oil gQt; wood and some log pine 

18*^ I spent the day with the Rest of the Comt of Safty on Widow Lit- 
tles and Cairns Dispute we broke up a while after dark 

igtii jyjj. "Webster preached in Bedford 

20"» I sold Suseys heifer to Samuell Moor and Amaziah Pollard at two 
pence pr £ the hide and Tallow is to be Reckoned Equal in weight to 
quarter of the Beaf and tlifi price to be the same as the beaf And Lieut 
butchered my off Stear he weighed 348 £ of Beaf and 58}4 £ of Hide and 
151^ £ of tallow Susesy heifer weighed 68>^ £ a quarter she came to 
2-17-1-0 Lawful money and I took the note in my name 

21'' I attended at Col: Goffes on Widow Littles account concerning the 
diferance between her and james Cairns she paid my ferriage 

22'! Bob and I went and got a Stick for Runers for a Dutch Sled and 
beams we got the stick for the Runers in the west end of William Bar- 
netts land 

23'' I hewed at the Runers for the sled 

24"» I attended at Widow Littles with the other prizers and finished 
apprizing Matthew Littles Estate and made Returns to the judge he Swore 
us 

25'h I split the Sole peices for my Sled after I had whet my hand Saw 
and Bob went to Major Tolfords with some cloath that Susey wove for 
William Morrow 

27"' I hewed three beams for my Sled 

28'h I worked at the beams of my Sled and jamey and David got some 
wood and Bob came home from Chester and th(>re was a training in Bed- 



352 MATTHEW patten's DIAUY. 

ford, and the Oommissns under the Provincial Congress was given out for 
the company 

29"' was a moderate Thawy day the wind at S: W: and Rain Consider- 
able the night before and I fitted at the beams of my Sled 

30"> Was the Provincial Thanksgiveing by order of the Congress 

DECEMBER FIRST 

I went to John Bells -on the acct of the Selectmens complaint against 
Lydia Hepper and she Consented to give the Selectmen a note she had 
against Phillip Felix of thirty Dollars and we gave an order to the consta- 
ble to deliver her the goods that was attached for the Maintenance of the 
child 

2*^ I went in the afternoon to William Newmans along John Wallace to 
see the delivery of Mrs Hepper goods that he attached of hers and Bob 
went with the Team and halld Fifty bushell o Coals from David Moors to 
Shed 

3'' Mr Cotton preached in Bedford for Mr Webster 

4'h I attended at Widow Littles at her desire to Evidence before the men 
who were chose to Arbitrate between her and Cairns but Cairns flinched 
from what he agreed to when they met last on which acct there was noth- 
ing done 

5th J went to Col: Moors mill and I took two bushell of Indian corn and 
a bushell and a half of Rie and got it Ground and the Commite Reed The 
poppy of a letter from General Sullivan to the Comtee of Saf ty for the 
Province for 1984 men to be Raised in the Province to fill the place of 
Conecticutt men who were to be dismist the 6th Instant 

gth The town met at the Meeting House and there was 12 men turned 
oiit and Enlisted there was 7 Guns lacking to Equip them and the Comitt 
is to prociu-e them my Brors Samuell and I borrowed John Maclaughlins gun 

7'^' I spent the day in going to Lieut Moors and other places to procure 
Guns for the men that goes out of this town but got none 

gtii I -went to McGaws to meet our men that listed to go into the army I 
got home the latter part of the night my Expences was a pistereen and I 
bot an almanack for which I paid six coppers 

9"' John set off for the Ai'my and Bob went with him as far as Esqr 
Lovewells with the horse and Shed upsett 2 axes and tempared 2 ex hook 
for me And Bob brot two £ of Shugar from McGaw for which I sent 8/10 
Bay old tenor 

llt'i I took 2 bushell of corn and 1^ bushell of Rie to Col Moors Mill but 
could not get it gi'ound they picldng the mill 

12"' I went to Mill and got the grain Ground I took to mill yesterday 

13"' I attended at McGaws at the choice of a Delegate for Merrymac and 
Bedford and Jonathan Blanchard Esqr and my Bror Sam" paid me a Dol- 
lar that he borrowed when he went after his Cart Wheels and a Dollar 
more in two Dollar bill that I could not give him the change and Sam" 
Gibson Junr paid me 10/ Silver toward my Running lines for him Sum- 
mer was a year and I got 10 £ of Redwood and 5 £ of logwood from 
McGaw for which I paid him 4/ Lawful money 



MATTHEW TATTEN'S DIAPtY. 353 

14"' I went to Col Moors to Write his Will and a Deed to his son of the 
Scobey place I \\Tit the deed and Aequitauce from him to his lathers 
Estate and a Note and I staid all night 

15"^ Josiah McNeall came down from Newboston yesterday and got to 
makeiug at Bobs coat and sent Bob for nie to come home and I came home 
and ^^'Tite for him till after night and We offset his work agt mine and I 
went back to Col IMoors after night 

16"^ I got a Ruft" draft of his Will and came home after dark last night 
Bob got 2 dozen of Metal buttons from McGaw for which he paid 2/ 
Lawful 

18"* I went to Robert Gillmoors in Goffestown to try to have him to 
make shoes for me but coiild not get him and I went to John Bells and 
assisted the men that went to Cambrdge last spring to fix a Roll to get 
pay for the same 

19"* I went to Londonderry to try to get a shoe maker and I got two 
pound of shugar at Pinkertons and half a pint of Rum for which I paid 
1/7 La^vful and I lodged at janies Macmurphys 

20"' I came home and I got a son of Deacon Miller to come and make 
shoes for us and I paid /4 Lawful for i^ a bowle of tody at John Duncans 
and I paid /4 for my ferriage 

2P' Extream cold and the wind high at N: W: 

22*^ The cold continues and wind high and John Miller came to our house 
and began to make a pair of shoes for jamey 

23"^ I went to Col: Moors mill and took 3% bushell of Indian corn and 
had it ground and I had the Toal being the first toal I had from him since 
last spring 

25"' I made 4 pair of heels for oiu-selves and 2 pair for my Brors famely 

26"' I made 2 pair of heels for ourselves and I got a Calfs skin from 
Stephen French for which he charged 5 / Lawful and John Miller went 
to McDuffies he has. made a pair for jamey and for Bob David and Betsey 
he came here last Fryday 

27"' We biitchered our hogs there was four of them they weighed 680 £ 

28"' I hewed and mortised a Rowler for my new Sled 

29"' I morticed the beams for my sled 

30"* I fitted some at the Sled and I sent Bob to Samuell Moors and he 
got two bushell of Indian corn and two bushell of Rie which is to be set- 
tled for in what he and widow Barnets owes me and he took it to Col 
Moors mill and got it ground and I have the Toal 

JANUARY FIRST 1776 

I set out with a Slay to go to the army and Bob went with me to tarry a 
year and we lodged at at Harwoods 

2<i we arived at Woburn and lodged at Esqr Fowles 

8<i we arrived at the Camp and went and veiwed the encampment at 

Cambridge and Prospect Hill and I lodged at Col Starkes Barracks in his 

bed This day I Reed a Dollar from Rob' McCormick that he owed me for 

Ruuing line for and others summer was a year and yesterday I Reed a 

23 



354 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

Dollar and a half from Deacon Gould for niy Riming and new marking 
the lines of the home lott No 43 

5"^ I Reed a Dollar from Calvin Johnson for the use of my Gun last 
Summer 

6*'' I sett out from Medford at 11 o Clock and came to Mailings and 
Lodged there 

7"' I canine to Capt Fords and lodged tliere 

8"^ Capt Ford paid me what he owed me of the timber he had from me 
last spring was 3 year being 11-2-10 Lawfull money and I came home and 
I paid McGaw five Dollars toward what I owe him and I bot an iron Kittle 
from Ovid for which I paid him a Dollar 

10"' I went to Rob' Alexanders and paid his wife (he was from home) 
eleven Dollars and a pistereen which with four pistereens I paid him last 
spring paid 20 bushell of Rie I had from last spring it was 3 pistereens a 
bushell and I got 7 £ of shiigar and a Quire of paper at McGaws to be set- 
tled in om* acct and I had i-g a bowle of Tody for which I paid /4 Lawful 

11"' I went to Rob' MacGregores and Settled with him and I owed him 
19/1 La^vful and I paid him ofl" and I had a bowle of Tody for which I 
gave him a /9 bill and I got no change 

12th siied fitted an old beal for the kittle I bot from Ovid the 8th Instant 

13* John Miller finished makeing shoes at this time he has made ten 
pair in all and soled two pair he charged 18/3 Lawful for all he has done 
and I pd him 12/ of it And I got Shed to make 2 shoes for my horses hind 
feet out of the old ones exceept a thin old shoe he put in and sharped a 
calk of the 4 feet shoe he steeled the toes of the hind feet shoes with his 
Steel and Set them all four 

15th J -went with a bushell of Rie and a bushell of corn to Lieut Littles 
mill and got it Ground and I went to MacGregores and got my specticles 
that I left there the 11th Instant and I had 1.3 a bowle of Tody for which I 
paid /4 Lawful 

19*'' I finished makeing my new Sled and David and I brot home 3 load 
of wood that jamey cut before he took the Mumps he has had them some 
days 

20"" I took two bushell of Rie and 2 of Indian corn to Col: Moors mill 
and had it Ground and I had the Toal and I went to McGaws and I set- 
tled with him I owed him 26/ Lawful money I had two Quarts of Rum 
today which is included in the twenty-six shillings above mentioned and 
I had 4I0 pair of kniting needles from him for which I paid him 3/ Bay 
old Tenor 

22'! David and I got a load of wood home and almost another cut up by 
Shed 

23"^ David and I got home 2 load of wood and we hauled a load for Shed 
and he shut the link of a Draft chain 

24"' jamey got so well as to work and We got home a load of wood and 
some more cut 

25"' The boys got home two load of wood and cut some more and in the 
forenoon I writ a Deed of John Smiths place in Goffstown to Samuell Ord- 
w^ay and took the acknowledgement for which they paid me two shillings 



MATTHEAV FATTEN' S DIARY. 355 

and ill the afternoon I went to Robert McClures to a Meeting of our Scene 
owners we Voted to Rais a dollar on each Right and I paid my dollar to 
Sam" Wallace 

29"' I went to Tho^ Boies and Deacon Walkers to try to Buy a barrel of 
Cyder but could not get it 

80*'' I tryed to buy cydar on the River but could not 

FEBRUARY 1st 

I went to Londonderry and got the promise of a barrel or two at Deacon 
Fishers and I went Robert McMurphys and lodged there And in the Eve- 
ning I went to McDuflies and heard the Inquest on the body of Thomas 
Shirley of Chester who got a Stroke by John Patten of the same town on 
Christmas last with the heel of a Scyth which stroke proved his death we 
got home to Roberts about two o Clock in the morning 

2'' Robert McMm-phy let me have three bushell of salt and would not set 
a price he in a joking way said he believed he must have two dollars a 
bushell and I brot it home on horse back and he gave me a spear Rib & a 
leg of pork And I got 24 £ of fresh Cod fish from some men at Maj'' Goffes 
for which I paid 24/ Bay old Tenor I sent jamey and he bot them 

3<i I had 2 bushel of Indian & 2 of Rie ground at Col Moors I had the 
Toal 

5"' I went to Amherst and was Qualified by Mr Claget and Doctr Nich- 
oles as judge of Probate and a justice and I lodged at Mr Heldreths and I 
took two bushel of corn and two of Rie to Col Moors mill and had it 
Ground and I had the Toal 

6"^ I came home and brot home the meal of the grain I took to the mill 
yesterday and Mrs Moor gave me a peice of fresh pig pork to Roast my 
Expences was 42/9 Bay old Tenor 

T'h I -went to Tho^ Boies and got a barrel of Cydar from him the price 
of it is to be settled in what he owes me 

8"' and 9"' & lO*'' was dulll cloudy weather and fell a snow of 3 or 4 
inches deep and it Rained and Crusted a very sharp crust & Sam'' Patten 
juiir paid me 2/ for John Griff'en for Ruuiiig lines for him the 14th of 
Novbr 1774 

12"' my Brors John cut wood for us and I haulled home four load from 
the Swamp by the Causway 

13"* I hauled two load of wood from the Swamp 

14"* It snowed moderately all day it fell about an 11-^ inch Deep 

16"' David and I got home some Green pine to Split for wood 

17"' David and I got home two load of wood from the Swamp 

19"' I went to Amlierst to Assist Doctr Nichols to Remove the Records 
of Deeds and the Probate and we attended on Mr Atherton about the Pro- 
bate he gave for answer That he had not got his accts drawed out but that 
he was Ready to Deliver them as soon as he got that done and to see that 
the books were correct I lodged at Hildreths 

20"' The Doctr and I went to Hollis to see Majr Hobart about the Rec- 
rods of Deeds and he answered that he was Ready to Deliver the Books as 



356 MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 

soon as he had enterecl what deeds was Reed was entered And I came to 
Esqr Blauchards aud lodged there 

3P' I came home in the afternoon my Expences was 3/3 Lawful on this 
journey on the 19th Timothy Taylor took out letters of Administration on 
Doctr Toothackers Estate he paid a Dollar and Blanchard gave me the 
half 

22<^ we got home a load of wood and Shed made a peice of a plate to one 
of the shoes of the Sley of his iron 

23'i I put the Shoes on the Sley 

24th ^;^Q got a dry pine for to give light in the fire in the Room of Can- 
dle wood a very warm pleasant day 

25''^ I got a horn fine tooth come half a pistereen price 

26"! I put on the plates on the sley and I cut some pine wood by the 
Door 

37th -We got home two load of wood and it Rained considerable 

28* I went to Amherst to hold a Pi'obate Court we granted four admin- 
istrations the fees was 29/6 the Rigister gave me 10/6 I was chose to Rep- 
resent Merrimac and Bedford in the General Court 

29*'^ I came home my expences with ^2 a paper of pines that I bot was 
31/9 Bay old Tenor As I went to Amherst yesterday I took Four bushel of 
Corn to Col Moors mill and I had it Ground and I had the Toal and I brot 
it home today 

MARCH 2d 

I went to Deacon Fishers and bot a barrel of Cydar from him for which 
I paid him a dollar he charged £ 6-16-0 Hampshire old Tenor pr barrel 
There was about 40/ Hamp'' old Tenor in his hand since he wove some 
handkercheif s for us some years ago That I paid him biit a dollar in money 
And our John came hoiue from the army in the Evening 

4th John Miller came to make me a pair of pumps before I went to the 
General Court and we got home a load of wood out of the Swamp and a 
load of pine wood 

gth -y^Q got home two load of pine wood and a load out of the Swamp 
and it was very warm day and the wind at South and the snow melted 
fast And John Miller finished makeing my pumps and Sewed a pair of 
Soles on jameys shoes he charged 2/6 La: Mo: for this job and 6/3 I owed 
him for what he did before and I writ a letter to Col: Ai-nold at Quebec to 
get an acct of John Dobbyn and others 

7tii It rained a considerable last night and Snow much gone in the open 
land and I writ a Wart of apprizment of the Estate of John Smith of 
Goffestown and I tryed to get over the River to go to Exeter to the Gen- 
eral Court I went to MacGregores to try to get over the River but could 
not 

8"' I got over the River at Col : Goffes and I took janiey with me to 
bring back the horse and lodged at Towles 

9th I got into Exeter and sit in Court and jamey came back as far as 
Majr Tolfords 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY, 357 

A DAY BOOK CONTINUED FROM MARCH Oth 1776 

I sit in the General Court uutill the adjournment which was the 23d I 
Reed pay for 15 days attendance my travil was 11/8 my whoU pay 
amounted to 5-1-8 

25"' I Reed my pay and I Reed Esqi* Lovells & Ensn Ames pay to bring 
to them I paid Amess reeoning at Doetr Gillmans what I paid was 2-12- 
5I0 and I lost about two pence in changeing and I came to Majr Tolfords 
and lodged there 

26*'^ I came to Rob' MacMurphys and he found me a horse and came to 
the River -with me he had no other business but to wait on me 

27"^ I went to Amherst to the Probate Court I Reed 17/ my part of the 
fees 

28"' I came home my Expeuces was 4/4 a and I brot home ll.i bushell 
of Rie meal and a bushell of Indian and }o a bushell of Rie before I had 
the Toal 

29"' I went to Majr Kellys and I took the proof John Smith and William 
White mils Mrs Smith paid me 7/ 

30"' Shed made a shoe of my iron and sett it on my horses fore near foot 
a very Raw cold wind & I gave jamey two Dollars and he got his shoes 
soled at McGregores he paid for it 

APRIL FIRST 

I \^Tit a letter for John and another for Col Stark and I paid james 
McClui-e 19/ Lawful being all I owed him for makeing shoes for me and I 
carried the letters to Capt Walker and there gave them them to Silas Bar- 
ron to give them to Majr Moor 

2*1 I -writ a Deed and a bond for Stephen Tuttle unpd and a Deed from 
Zech Chandler to Rob' Alexander unpd and one John Gregg of Peterboro 
Came from Esqr Blauchard with a bond and Wart of apprizemeut to be 
admited administrator to the estate of one James Swindon which I 
granted he paid 7 /6 which was 6 pence more than the fee and I could not 
make the change and we agreed to let it ly toward the next that must be 
paid and our jamey set out for Boston (with his Cosin John) I gave jamey 
three Dollars 

3^1 was a considerable Rain and I shelled 4 bushel of corn and I took the 
acknowledgement of a Deed from Zechariah Chandler to Robert Alexan- 
der I \yTit the Deed yesterday The Deed and acknowledgement unpaid 

4"' I went to Amherst to meet the other justices of the County to hold 
a Coiirt of Sessions but we did not open it by Reason that there was not a 
justice of the Coram there and I took IVo bushell of Rie and l^b bushell of 
corn to Col : Moors mill and got it Ground and I had the Toal 

5"* I came home and brot liome the meal from Col : Moors Mill that I 
got ground yesterday and I bot two gimblets from Means for which I paid 
him a shilling La : Mo : and I paid him four shillings and seven pence La : 
money for Samuell Moor the Remainder of a note Widow Barnet and my 
bror Sam'i gave means my Expences were 3/7 La : Mo : And I Reed 13/9 
from Cornet Graham for 40 shad fish he got from my -wife last summer 



358 MATTHEW patten's DIAEY. 

was two year yesterday I pd Esquire Lovewell 6-7-4 L : M : and 6-2-8 L : 
M : to Eusn Ames being tlieii* pay for attending the General Court in 
March last which I drawed for them by their order Lovewell gave me 1/4 
and Ames Gave six pence for my trouble 

6th J writ a Deed from Matthew McDuffie to Amos Gardner and I took 
the acknowledgement and \\Tit some notes and McDuffie paid me the 
charge being 2/ 

7th J went to Col : Goffes with my bror Sam" and widow Barnett on 
their administration affairs 

8"^ I settled accts with Samuel Moor and he paid me 1-5-5- Lawful with 
what things I had from him before Shad what my bror and Widow Bar- 
net owed me for what I did about prizeing &c of Francis Baruiets Estate 
they had paid me 1-6-10 by things I bot at Vendue and the Remainder 
Samuell Moor paid me which with some lutrest was 2-3-7 I had 2 £ of 
moors money in my hand being a mouths wages as Soldier last Summer 
out of which I paid Mr Means 4/7 for him and Some things I had from 
him that there was 1-5-5 due now from him to me and I paid him 10/ with 
4/7 and the 1-5-5 made the 2 £ that was in my hands 

9"^ I finished ^vi'iting two Deeds and a Bond for Simeon and Stei^hen 
Tuttle and I went to William Whites in this town to Divide a fifty acre 
lott between him and Will'" Rogers of Goffestown but Rogers did not 
come and I came away after waiting a while and I went and Run the 
north line of IVIr Gordons land next to Mr Heppers I charged Rogers 1/6 
and Gordon as much 

IQth I went to McGregores to see to find flaxseed and I had J^ a bowle 
for which I paid /4 La : Mo : and came by the Yoses and got the promis of 
some from Lieut Vose 

11**1 I went to Col Moors Mill and took Ho bushell of corn and ly^ bushell 
of Rie and got it ground and I had the Toal 

12* I \vrit a letter to John and Bob and sent it by John Dobyn who set 
off for New York today to join the army 

13*11 I went to Col Moors Mill and took \% bushell of rie and 1% bushell 
of corn and got it Ground and I had the Toal and I Reed of La : Mo : from 
John Orr being his part for my Runing lines for him and Matthew McDuf- 
fie a year or two ago 

15*ii Shed set a Shoe on my horses near fore foot and I carried a pair of 
leather Breeches to John Smith to get fitted for myself my John sent them 
to me and I went to Lieut Yoses to get flaxseed but he and his wife were 
both from home that I did not get any and got a parr of Soles for my every 
day pumps from John Wallace and we could not make change to pay for 
them 

W^ was a Rainy day and I shelled corn 

17th J -y^ent to David Moors with my pumps to have him sow on the 
soles I got from John Wallace yesterday and I went to William Palmers 
and paid his wife 1/ La : Mo : being the Remainder of what I owed him 
for what earthern ware I had from him last f aul and I went to MacGre- 
gores and had ^o a bowle of tody for which I paid /4 and the afternoon at- 
tended the adjoiu'nmeut of our march meeting & another new meeting 



MATTHEW patten's DIARY. 359 

18"^ WAS THE COLONY FAST 

20"^ I got a bushell of flaxseed from Lieut Samuell Vose & he said he 
owed me two shillings lawful and I gave hiiu /5 aud lawful aud one the 
two he owed me made the price of the flaxseed and he could not make the 
change to give me the other shilling and I got my pumps from David Moor 
that he sowed the soles on he was from home and I did not pay him for his 
wife did not know how much it was aud I got 6 pounds of flax from 
widow Little to be settled in my acct against the Estate 

22"^ I sowed three or four quarts of peas and the afternoon I went to the 
Raising of Zechariah Chandler's house 

23'i I took the proof of Thos Wallaces Will at my house and Reed six 
shillings Lawful from jos Wallace 

24"' I attended the Probate at Amherst and my part of the fees was the 
proof of the 3 Wills that I took at Goffestown and at home and granting 
Admr to John Gregg came to 27/ and the Register gave me a shilling more 
than my part and I paid my expences at Smiths And I bot a pair of plated 
knee buckles and 5 £ and 10 ounces of lead at Means for which I paid 6/ 
1%, my Expences at Heldi'eths I did not pay 

25"! I went with jona Esqr to Col Goffes and he Reed the Probate Books 
and Files which Atherton had sent there to prevent their comeiug into our 
hands as I suppose And I bot % a pound of shot from Mrs Rand for which 
I paid her /3 ^ La^vful money and I lent Esqr Blanchard 2/8 in cash 
and I paid our ferriage 

26"' I spent the day with my Cousin William Patten in the house 

27*'' the forenoon helping to mend fence the afternoon I writ a Deed 
from Stephen Tuttle to William Rogers & I took the acknowledgement 
both unpaid aud I took the acknowledgement of the Deed I writ last Tues- 
day from Zechariah Chandler to Hiigh Campell Chandler jDaid the ^vi'it- 
ing the Deed aud Campbell could not make change to pay the acknowl- 
edgement 

28"^ Mrs French gave me a fresh shad that her husband brot from the 
mouth of Concord river aud Mr Cotton Preached in Bedford being the 
first we have had since last fauU 

29"' I went to Col Moors Mill and I took 1)4 bushell of Rie and \% 
bushell of Indian corn and got it Ground & I had the Toal and I went to 
McGaws and I got 7 £ of Shugar and a quart of Rum and a Glas of Rum 
into tody for which I paid 49/2 Bay old Tenor and I went with Widow 
Little to her house to see if Cairns would give up his Deed that she might 
take her thirds but he would not and I went to McGregores & I paid him 
six Dollars for six bushell of salt and I brot home three bushell of it aud 
the other three I have to get 

30*'' was some Rain last night and this morning we shelled 2 bushels of 
corn and I got some hoop poles and shaved some hoops to put into some 
barrels 

MAY FIRST 

was a very high wind at N : W : and exceeding cold and I went to 
McGregores and got the last tliree biishell of the salt that I paid him for 
day before yesterday and I went to Major Kelleys with the Rest of the 



360 MATTHEW patten's DIAIJY. 

Coiniuittee of this town for hiriug preaching To treat with the Conitee 
for Goffestowu about the two towns joining to to hire a minister to preach 
for both towns but there was but one of Goffstowu comtee met us and we 
agreed to meet Tuesday come Sevenight at John Bells on the affair and I 
had a bowle of tody at Major Kelleys and they could not make change to 
pay for it 

2^ I got such a Cold yesterday that I was a good deal out of case and 
I put a New handle in one of our axes 

3'' I continued out of case and and Widow Smith of Goffestown and job 
Dow and John Clogston and signed a Bond on her admr on her Husbands 
Estate and I writ at Bonds and letters of Guardianship for her children 

4th J -yvent to Tho^ Boies and Samuell Kennedys to Get Hony for Alex 
McMurphy and I got a snuff bottle almost full at Sam^' Kennedys and 
some in another at Tho^ Boiess and they would not take any pay for it 
and John Smith breeches maker brot the breeches I took to him the 15th 
of last April he charged me a Dollar and I paid him the money 

6"» I w-ent to Col Moors Mill and took li., bushell of Rie and 1% 
biishell of Indian corn and got it Ground and I had the Toal it Rained 
considerable 

7"^ Shed made a shoe of my iron and set it on my horses off fore foot 
and I went with my brors Sam'i to see Col : John Stark who came from 
New York yesterday my Expences was 2/10 

8th I ^yent to Col: Moors Mill and took 1>^ bushell of Rie and 1}4 
bushell of Indian corn and got it Ground and I had the Toal it Rained 
considerab