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Full text of "Diary of Thomas Robbins, D. D., 1796-1854"

NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



3 3433 08238393 



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PRESENTED 




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ROBBINS BaTTELL 






Miss Anna Battell. 






NORFOLK, COKK. 







Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

IVIicrosoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/diaryofthomasrob01robb 



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DIARY 

OF 

Thomas Robbins, D. D. 

1 7 g6 — 1854. 

PRINTED FOR HIS NEPHEW. 



Owned by the Connecticut Historical Society. 



IN TWO VOLUMES. 



EDITED AND ANNOTATED 



INCREASE N/^TARBOX. 



VOLUME L 
1796-1825. 



BOSTON: 

Beacon Press ; Thomas Todd, Printer. 



CorVRIGHT, 1SS6, 
ROBBINS LlATTELL. 




INTRODUCTION. 



The author of this diary, Rev. Thomas Uoebins, D. D., was born in the town of 
Norfolk, Connecticut, August ii, 1777. He was the son of the Rev. Ammi Ruhamah 
and Elizabeth (Le Baron) Robbins. His father was the first minister of the town of 
Norfolk, holding office from October, 1761, to his death in October, 1813, fifty-two years. 
The earliest American ancestor in this paternal line was Richard Robbins, of Cambridge, 
who came from England to this country as early as 1639, settling first at Charlestown, 
but soon removing to Cambridge, Massachusetts. From him the order of descent was 
through Nathaniel, born in Cambridge, 1649; Nathaniel, born in Cambridge, 1678; Phile- 
mon, born in Cambridge, I709« a graduate of Harvard College, 1729, and the life-long 
pastor at Branford, Connecticut, 1732-1781 ; Ammi Ruhamah, born in Branford, 1740, a 
graduate of Yale College, 1760, whose ministerial record is given above. 

On the maternal side Dr. Robbins traced his line directly back to the honored Gov- 
ernor William Bradford, of Plymouth. This line, downward, ran through William Brad- 
ford, Jr., son of the Governor by his second wife, Alice Southworth, mV Carpenter; 
then through David, son of William and Mary Holmes, nee Atwood. A daughter of 
David and Mary was Lydia Bradford, born December 23, 17 19. By her marriage, the 
name Le Baron was brought into this maternal line, and the story connected with this 
name is curious and romantic. 

In the year 1694, a French Privateer, hovering around our shores to capture vessels 
loaded with grain, was wrecked near the upper end of Buzzard's Bay, and the incn on 
board were rescued and taken off as prisoners of war. This was in the reign of William 
III. The Treaty of Ryswick brought peace in 1697. The surgeon on board this French 
Privateer was Francis Le Baron. In the transfer of these prisoners from the head of 
Buzzard's Bay to Boston, a halt was made at Plymouth. On the day of their arrival, 
it so happened that a woman of Plymouth had met with an accident, causing a com- 
pound fracture of one of her limbs. The local physicians decided that the limb must 
be amputated. But Dr. Le Baron asked permission to examine the fracture, and decided 
that he could save the limb, which he did. 'This led to a petition on the part of 
the Selectmen of Plymouth to the public authorities, asking that Dr. Le Baron might 
be released, to become a physician and surgeon at Plymouth. The request was granted. 
He went there in 1694, married in 1695 Mary Wilder, a native of Hingham, Massachu- 
setts, and became the father of three sons, James, Lazarus, and Francis. 

This Lazarus Le Baron, in the year 1743, married, for his second wife, Lydia 
Bradford, named above, daughter of David. She was then twenty-four years old, but had 
already lived a brief married life as the wife of Elkanah Cushman. As the wife of 
Dr. Lazarus Le Baron, she was the mother of seven children, the second of whom was 
Elizabeth, the wife of the Norfolk minister, and the mother of Dr. Thomas Robbins, 
the author of this diary. 



•V DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. 

Young Robbins was fitted for college in his own home, where many other boys 
pursued their preparatory studies. The pastor's house at Norfollc was a l^ind of acad- 
emy for Northwestern Connecticut in those early years. The hours of study with young 
Robbins were diversified with labors on the farm, for the country minister of that day 
was also a farmer. Though destined for a scholar, he was, nevertheless, in his early 
life, made practically familiar with almost all kinds of farm work. 

.•\t the age of fifteen, in the year 1792, he was fitted for college, and was entered 
at Yale. He was there when President Stiles died, in May, 1795, a"d when President 
Dwight was inaugurated in September of the same year. While young Robbins had 
been a member of Yale, Williams College had been organized in Western Massachusetts, 
and his father, the Norfolk minister, had been made one of the early trustees. In 
1795 Williams graduated her first class. In the autumn of 1795 young Robbins's father, 
wishing to show a practical interest in the inf.int college at Williamstown, of which he 
had been made one of the guardians, desired his son to remove from Yale to Williams, 
and pursue his senior studies there. He did so, and the whole matter was so fi.\ed, by 
previous arrangement, that after his graduation at Williams College, September 7, 1796, he 
went the following week to New Haven, and was graduated with his Y'ale classmates, 
September 14, 1796. His name stands as an alumnus on the General Catalogues of both 
colleges for the year 1796. 

In Williams College, on the first of January, 1796, young Robbins began the diary 
now embraced in these two bulky volumes. It ran (with some small breaks by reason 
of sickness) from that date to 1S54, a period of fifty-eight years. It is a diarv, in the 
strict sense of the word, with its daily entries as regular as the daily rising and 
setting of the sun. 

Soon after his graduation, at the age of nineteen, he was engaged for several months 
in teaching in Sheffield, Massachusetts, at the same time pursuing theological studies 
with Rev. Ephraim Judson, pastor at Sheffield. For a year or two after closing his col- 
lege course, he spent a considerable portion of his time at his father's house pursuing 
various studies, and assisting his father in teaching. In the summer and autumn of 1797 
he studied theology with Dr. Stephen West, of Stockbridge, Massachusetts. In the winter 
of 1797-179S he taught in Torringford, Connecticut, and pursued theological studies with 
Rev. Samuel J. Mills. During the year 179S he studied again with Dr. West, of Stock- 
bridge. He was licensed to preach by the Litchfield North .Association, September 25, 
179S. During the winter of 1798-1799 he was preaching as a supply at Marlborough, 
Connecticut, dosing his service there in April, 1799. During the summer and autumn of 
1799 he made a long horseback journey through the new towns of Vermont, preaching as 
he went. At the close of that year he was called to Danbury, Connecticut, to teach the 
academy, having previously supplied the pulpit a few Sabbaths at Brookfield, Connecticut. 
Kt Danbury, teaching and supplying pulpits in the neighborhood, he remained till iSor. 
Then he went on another long missionary journey through the new settlements in New 
York, not returning till August, 1S02. For another year he supplied pulpits in Con- 
necticut and Massachusetts, and receiixd some earnest calls for settlement, but he was 
not ready to accept any of them. In May, 1803, he was ordained to go forth in the 
service of the Connecticut Missionary Society to the new settlements on the Western 
Reserve, Ohio. From this service he returned in 1806, seriously broken in health, so that 



INTRODUCTION'. V 

it was a year or two before he was able to resume regular ministerial labors in any 
place. 

In the summer of iSoS he commenced preaching in the south parish of East Windsor, 
Connecticut (now South Windsor), whose first minister was Timothy Edwards, father of 
Jonathan Edwards. Dr. Robbins preached here continuously from this time, though he 
was not formally installed until May 3, 1809. His whole ministry in East Windsor was 
not far from nineteen years, beginning in June, 1808, and ending in September, 1827. 

Here it was that he first really began the great enterprise of his life, viz. : that of 
collecting a library which was destined to become one of the large private libraries of 
his generation. This enterprise, as a whole, and in its various details, is the subject of 
innumerable references through the course of the diary, from the time when the process 
of collecting books began. If one would see what can be accomplished in this way 
by an unmarried country minister, without inherited property, and with only the ordinary 
salary of New England country clergymen in the early years of the present century, let 
him go to the rooms of the Connecticut Historical Society, at the Wadsworth Athe- 
nasum, Hartford, and the result will be fully spread out before him. 

As already stated. Dr. Robbins closed his ministry in East Windsor in September, 
1S27. For one or two years he again supplied churches miscellaneously, but was never 
for any length of time without employment. In the latter part of 1829 he preached 
at Stratford, Connecticut, where he accepted a call to settle, and was installed in Feb- 
ruary, 1S30. This did not prove a permanent settlement. He was dismissed in Septem- 
ber, 1831, his whole ministry here, including supply of pulpit before installation, being 
less than two years. After leaving Stratford, without any long delay, he was led to 
Mattapoisett, in the town of Rochester, Massachusetts, to assist his revered uncle. Rev. 
Lemuel Le Baron, who had already been pastor there nearly sixty years, when Dr. 
Robbins was called to be his helper. After preaching here several months, he was 
regularly installed October 16, 1S33, and continued until 1S44, his whole ministry in this 
parish covering nearly thirteen years. Meanwhile his uncle died November 26, 1S36, in 
his ninetieth year, and in the sixty-fifth of his ministry, and Dr. Robbins was left sole 
pastor. 

In the year 1844, Dr. Robbins having reached his sixty-seventh year, and having 
been engaged in teaching and preaching not far from forty-six years, an arrangement was 
effected, chiefly through the agency of Hon. Henry Barnard, of Hartford, by which 
(leaving out all minor details) Dr. Robbins's library was to become the property of the 
Connecticut Historical Society, and he himself was to become the Society's Librarian, 
on a stipulated salary, through the remaining years of his active life. This position he 
gracefully and honorably filled for ten years. In 1854 the infirmities of age came 
upon him, and he was obliged to close his diary and retire from all public duties. He 
lingered on until September 13, 1856, when he passed away peacefully at the house of 
his niece, Mrs. Elizabeth (Robbins) Allen, in the town of Colebrook, Connecticut. 

We have given this rapid outline of the author's life, for the convenience of those 
studying or consulting the diary. 

It would be in vain for us to attempt to point out all the uses for which such a 
work as Dr. Robbins has here left may be employed. If the meteorologist wishes to 
follow the record of winter cold and summer heat through a long course of years. 



VI DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. 

he will not often find so large and valuable a compilation of facts as that contained 
in these volumes. 

If the student of history wishes for practical illustrations showing how intense and 
narrow were the political prejudices of men in the early years of the present century, 
how bitterly the Federalists hated the Democrats, and how bitterly they were hated 
in turn by the Democrats, he may find all the evidence he wishes in these pages. Dr. 
Robbins was a Federalist of the most positive type, as were the ministers of the standing 
order generally throughout New England, but especially in Connecticut and Massachusetts. 
He was as conservative also in theology as in politics. 

If the historical student wishes to gather information about the local customs and 
habits, civil and religious, prevailing seventy-five years ago over those large ranges of 
country covered by this narrative, he will find few books more valuable than this. 

We might dwell upon other uses, but each one will determine for himself whether 
the diary will answer the questions arising in his own mind. 

The reader will find the pages of these volumes largely furnished with notes. He 
will discover also, in many instances, that these notes are briefly and in substance 
repeated. This was done knowingly and intentionally, to save the reader the trouble 
of turning over many pages, perhaps, to find something which has dropped from his 
memory, and which a line or two will recall. 

The diary appears in these volumes almost verbatim ct literatim as Dr. Robbins 
left it. Occasionally a line that might possibly give offence, through its indirect relation- 
ships to some person or persons now living, has been erased. It was not needful, 
however, to remove many lines for this reason. The record is remarkably free from 
offensive personalities. Certain modes of expression which are now generally outlawed, 
are left to stand, because they reflect the period in which they were written. 

Dr. Robbins never married, yet the diary shows that, in his early manhood, the 
subject of matrimony w.as much in his thoughts. But, from the time that the project of 
making a great library was first formed and fixed, he doubtless concluded that with 
wife and children on his hands, he could not hope to gather this large and choice 
collection of his dreams, and so he made the journey of his life alone. He had, how- 
ever, easy and friendly access to many cultivated households among his kindred and 
acquaintances, and was eminently a social and companionable man. 

Through all the early and middle years of his professional life he was a very busy 
man. Besides his regular parish cares and responsibilities, he was called upon, to a 
very large e.vtent, for public sermons and addresses, and many outside trusts. He was, 
moreover, a kind of pioneer in a class of studies and labors pertaining to early New 
England history and genealogy. He was one of the founders of the Connecticut His- 
torical Society, was an active member of the American Antiquarian Society of Worces- 
ter, as also of the New England Historic Genealogical Society of Boston. He wrote 
and published his little volume entitled Historical View of the First Planters of A'ew 
Eiigiandy and he superintended the first American edition of Cotton Mather's Magnalia. 
When the Massachusetts Board of Education was first formed in 1S37, with Hon. Horace 
Mann for Secretary, Dr. Robbins, being then pastor at Mattapoisett, was made a member 
of the Board, and traveled considerably with Mr. Mann, making addresses on Education 
before large gatherings of the people. It was while at Mattapoisett, in 1838, that he 
received the degree of D. D. from Harvard College. 



INTRODUCTION. VH 

Dr. Robbins's method of keeping his diary was that commonly adopted by those in 
old times, who went into the business thoroughly and systematically, viz. : by the use 
of interleaved almanacs, prepared year by year as they were wanted. These were care- 
fully kept, and when his library was passed over to the Connecticut Historical Societ\', 
in 1844, they, so far as completed (with ten more to be added), became the property 
of the Society. After Dr. Robbins's death, they were bound in twelve neat and mod- 
erate-sized volumes, each covering five years, e.xcept the last, which included between 
three and four years. 

Dr. Robbins's handwriting was compact, but clear, and after a very little experience 
it was easy to decipher these closely-written pages. Almost the whole of the work was 
copied from the original by a young lady, Miss Emily E. Hawley, with a type-wTiter. 
It was the work of several months, but was more quickly and easily done in this way 
than with the pen. It needs but a glance at these bulky volumes to convince any 
one that the simple work of copying must have been a long one. 

Dr. Robbins's sister Sarah, two years younger than himself, married, in 1S05, Joseph 
Battell, Esq., a prosperous Christian merchant of Norfolk, Connecticut. It is by children 
of this marriage, Robbins Battell, Esq., and Anna Battell, of Norfolk, that this work 
is now printed and sent forth, in the belief that it contains some valuable materials 
for history and biography, gathered from the long period which the narrative covers. 
Philip Battell, Esq., of Middlebury, Vermont, brother of the above, has also aided much 
bv his memories and suggestions, thoroughly acquainted as he is with the family history, 
recent and ancestral. 

INCREASE N. TARBOX. 

fViSi Kewton, February 22, t8S6. 



DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D." 



IT'S e. 

Januarv. 

1. A member of Williams College, Senior year; was appointed to a 
degree as a degree of merit/ 

2. Reciting now, Paley's Moral Philosophy. 

3. Attended meeting. Heard Mr. Swift ^ preach. Very warm weather. 

4. My friend Turner'' very dangerously sick in college. 

5. Attended the public concert of prayer. 

6. The public paper brought an account of a promising happy session of 
Congress.' 

7. A violent storm of snow, perhaps eight inches. 

8. A sudden death in the neighborhood. A man died with a species of 
the lockjaw. 

9. A full conference meeting. Very serious. 

ID. A funeral sermon was preached on the late death — well adapted. 

11. Formed an agreeable acquaintance. Very cold at night. A violent 
snow-storm. Mr. Judson* and wife arrived to see their sick son. 

12. Weather quite warm, but good sleighing. 

13. Received a letter from home. Spoke on the stage. 

14. Finished Paley's Philosophy. A hard storm. 

15. Moderate weather, preparing for e.xhibition. Lower classes offended 
about the ball' now coming. 

16. Wrote a letter to Uncle Robbins.' 



' Thomas Robbins, on his father's side, college by young Robbins's father. He was 

was descended from Richard Robbins('), of afterward settled in New Marlborough, 

Cambridge, Mass. (1639), through Nathan- Mass., and died after a thirteen years' min- 

iel(-), Nathaniel('), Philemon^), and Ammi istry, at the age of forty-one. 
Ruhamahp). ' This was the 4th Congress, the ist hav- 

^ Going to Williams College from Yale, ing been convened in 1789. 
as he did, in his Senior year, his rank at the * Rev. Ephraim Judson, of Sheffield, whose 

first had to be determined by general esti- only child of the same name was then in^ 

mate, rather than by computation of his marks Williams College, where he was graduated in 

at recitation. the following year. 

^ Rev. Seth Svrift, a native of Kent, Ct., ' A college exhibition winding up with a 

graduated at Yale in 1774, was the settled ball, does not indicate that our fathers, nearly 

minister of Williamstown, Mass., from May a century ago, were so rigid as is sometimes 

26, 1779, to Feb. 13, 1807, when he died. supposed. 

* Nathaniel Turner, who was graduated at * This was Chandler Robbins, D. D., of 

Williams in 1798. He was a native of Nor- Plymouth, Mass. ; minister there from Jan. 30, 

folk, Ct., and had probably been fitted for 1760, to June 30, 1799, aged si.xty. 



DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. 



[1796. 



17. Attended meeting — heard of the death of Gov. Huntington.' 

18. Wrote to Uncle L. Lebaron* [Le Baron]. Preparing for exhibition. 

19. My father arrived in town.^ Had a ver}- fine exhibition. At evening 
was at ball. 

20. Set oi:t for home. \'cr\- stormy. 

21. My mamma found a new nephew, Mr. Goodwin, of Lenox.* An agree- 
able visit. 

22. Arrived home. All well. Verj- cold. 

23. F'reparing for the necessary business of my vacation as soon as 
possible. 

24. Heard my father preach. Mr. Huntington,' tutor at my father's. 

25. Mr. H. and I tried to persuade Si Battle' to become a bookseller at 
VVilliamstown. 

26. My father went with me to the merchant's and let me trade about ^4. 

27. Excellent sleighing. Snows a little every day. My brother N.' came 
last night. 

28. Began my oration for Society exhibition. Wrote a letter to my old 
classmate Bishop.* 

29. My father and I went to the woods and got a good load of wood. 



' Samuel Huntington, Governor of Con- 
necticut from 17S6 to his deatli. In 1779 ^""^ 
'So he was President of the Continental Con- 
gress. He died at Norwich, Ct, January 5, 
1796, and young Robbins heard of his death 
on Sunday the 17th, so slowly did news travel 
in those days. 

" Young Robbins's mother was Elizabeth(') 
Le Baron, of Plymouth, Mass., daughter of 
Dr. Lazarus Le Baron. Her grandfather was 
Dr. Francis Le Baron, who, as surgeon on 
board a French privateer, was wrecked in 
Buzzard's Bay, and being thrown thus on a 
strange shore, settled in Plymouth in 1696. 
Her mother's maiden name was LydiaC) Brad- 
ford, daughter of David{') Bradford, grand- 
daughter of \VilIiam(=) Bradford, Jr., and great 
granddaughter of Gov. \Villiam(') Bradford 
of the Plymouth Colony. Thomas(') Rob- 
bins's line of descent from the noble Pil- 
grim governor is, therefore, clear and dis- 
tinct. His Uncle L. Le Baron, to whom he 
writes, is Rev. Lemuel Le Baron, a graduate 
of "i'ale in 1768, the life-long Congregational 
minister in one of the churches of Rochester, 
Mas.s., now called Mattapoisett. 

^ To reach Williamstown from Norfolk, 
Ct., Rev. Mr. Robbins had to make a jour- 
ney of about fifty miles among the Berkshire 
hills. 



■* Lenox was on the way home, and this 
new nephew that Mrs. Robbins found was a 
son either of her half-sister Lydia, who mar- 
ried Nathaniel Goodwin, or of another half- 
sister, Hannah, who married Benjamin Good- 
win. The Goodwins of Plymouth seem to 
have come from Christopher Goodwin, of 
Charlestown, Mass., who was resident there 
as early as 1643. 

' Rev. Dan Huntington, was graduated at 
Yale in 1794, and settled afterwards at Litch- 
field and Middletown, Ct. Died at Hadley, 
Mass., 1S64, aged ninety. He was the father 
of the Rev. Frederic Dan Huntington, D.D., 
Bishop of Central New York. Mr. Dan 
Huntington was tutor at Williams 1794-1796, 
and at Yale 1796-1798. 

*• Josiah Buckingham Battell. 

' Nathaniel Robbins, one of his older broth- 
ers. He had two brothers older and three 
younger than himself. 

" This was Timothy Bishop, of New H.aven, 
a graduate of 1796, at Yale, who lived seventy- 
seven years after his graduation, dying in 1873. 
For several years before his death, he was 
Yale's oldest living graduate, and since the 
founding of Yale, though there have been 
many long-lived students, no graduate, per- 
hajis. has exceeded him in the length of his 
post-graduate life. 



1796-] AT WILLIAMS COLLEGE. 3 

30. The coldest day we have had. My father went to exchange witli Mr. 
Mills.' Obliged to return. 

31. My father preached a good part of the day about Vermont." 

February. 

1. Capt. Lawrence summoned my father, according to law, to go to 
Litchfield as an evidence. He would not. 

2. Almost all the town met to count as evidence in the contest between 
Lawrence and Phelps.^ 

3. Wrote a letter to my old classmates Hooker and Denison.* 

4. At my father's wood-spell, worked hard all day. 

5. With my sister S.^ I went to Canaan to visit my brother A.' 

6. Returned from C. in a moderate snow-storm. 

7. My father preached that there was reason to weep over the calamitous 
state of mankind. 

8. Mr. Huntington called here on his return to college. I was gone from 
home. 

9. My father went to Lee to a Council. Left me to take care of the 
School. 

10. Mr. Dunbar, tutor," went from here in the morning for college. 

11. It rained all day. Snow went veiy fast. First thawing day we have 
had for three weeks. 

12. Had an account from Albany of a number of persons taken up and 
confined for burglaiy. 

13. My mamma and sister finished my bed to carry to college.* 

14. My father preached of the danger of being overrun with infidelity. 

i;. Set out for college in a sleigh. Bitter cold. Came as far as Pittsfield. 



' Rev. Samuel Mills, of Torringford, Ct., received the degree of A. M. both from Vale 

pastor there from June, 1769, to his death in and Williams, and was tutor at Yale 1799- 

May, 1833. He was the father of the well- iSoi. 

known Samuel J. Mills, Jr. Torringford was ' Sarah Robbins, then sixteen, afterwards 

distant from Norfolk some twelve or fifteen Mrs. Joseph Battel!. 

miles. Mr. Mills's wife was Esther Robbins, ^ Ammi Ruhamah Robbins, Jr., an elder 

daughter of Samuel Robbins, of Canaan. She brother. 

was descended from John Robbins, of Weth- ' Elijah Dunbar, graduated at Harvard Col- 

ersfield, Ct., while the Norfolk minister was lege 1794. Tutor at Williams College 1794- 

descended from Richard Robbins, of Cam- 1796, and Daniel Dunbar, graduated at Vale 

bridge, Mass. But Richard and John are College 1794, tutor also at Williams 1794- 

believed to have come from the same family 1796. The one spoken of in the diary was 

in England. probably Daniel, as the Norfolk parsonage 

- The Connecticut churches looked after was more likely to be a kind of halting place 

the new settlements in Vermont, where many or home for a Yale man than a Harvard man. 

little companies of Connecticut people had Daniel died in 1S41, and Elijah in 1850. 

gone. The last named was settled in Peterborough, 

' This suit seems to have been an exciting N. H., from 1799 to 1S27, and afterwards 

one, but we have not been able to discover preached as occasion offered without settle- 

the point at issue. ment. 

■* John Hooker and Charles Denison, who ^ This was an age of home manufactures 

were graduated at Yale in 1796. Denison and old-fashioned simplicities. 



4 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1796. 

16. Arrived at Williamstown." 

17. Emplo)-ed in settling my affairs to live at Mr. Skinner's.'^ 

18. In the afternoon made a visit to Esq. Noble's^ — a number of ladies, 
ig. The President has started a subscription for a meeting-house. It is 

circulating. 

20. Was exposed to the measles which are prevalent here. At night 
attended conference meeting. Some scholars, after a sleigh ride, at 2 o'clock 
called up Mr. Skinner. 

21. Attended meeting. Baptism administered. At evening attended with 
Miss A. Skinner. 

22. A .sense of the distraction of the world and the incapacity of all terres- 
trial things to make us happy. 

23. Troubled with the toothache. 

24. Excessive toothache, couldn't find doctors — used opium freely. At 
night, a ball here very much troubled me. Weaned from some parts of the 
world.' 

25. Thawy weather. A black man here broke his leg very badly. 

26. Wrote to my old classmate Stebbins,' a dancing master. 

27. Settled the matter. [What matter does not appear.] 

28. My thoughts too much on wordly objects. May it' never be an 
occasion of grief. 

29. It rains and the snow all goes off. From January i8th till the end of 
February it has been continually the best of sleighing all over the countrj'. 

March. 

1. A tooth which has given me much pain was extr acted . Speculation 
the rage of the day. " 

2. Arranging matters for the exhibition of the Societies'ne 



' It was on the :oth of January that he house, that young Robbins was to live, and 

left Williamstown for vacation. The vacation, this house seems to have been a kind of pub- 

therefore, had lasted about a month in the lie house. 

depth of winter. This was according to the ^ David Noble, a graduate of Yale in 1764, 
college custom of that da)-, so that young a lawyer and merchant. He settled in Will- 
men might teacli in winter, and because, also, iamstown in 1770, was one of the Trustees 
of the great difficulty of heating public build- of the College, and warmly interested in its 
ings. We now avoid the hot summer months welfare. 

for study, but the old college curriculum * As we understand this sentence in this 

readied entirely through the summer to the connection, he means to say, that while he 

earlv autumn, as we shall see. may be very wordly in some things, he does 

= Hon. Thompson J. Skinner, son of not care much for balls. 

Rev. Thomas Skinner, Colchester, Ct. (West ^ He was some classmate at Yale, who did 

Chester parish), settled in Williamstown in not gr.iduate, perhaps concluding that to be a 

1775, and was one of the foremost men of the dancing master did not require a full course 

town, and a Trustee of the College. There of college education. 

was another man, Benjamin Skinner, who *■ This ;/ underscored very likely refers to 

mav or mav not have been a brother of the the "matter" just before spoken of, but we 

one just named. It was probably at his have no means of knowing. 



1796.] AT WILLIAMS COLLEGE. 5 

3. Reviewing, classically,' for examination, today, Rhetoric. About, 
getting candles." 

4. Finished my oration for Societies' exhibition. Troubled. 

5. Good spring weather. Ver)- muddy. Inviting people to the exhibition. 

6. Attended meeting. At evening the authority attended to the ditfi- 
culty in the classes about the ball at Januarj- exhibition. I said nothing. 

7. The President' gave his opinion in public about the matter last 
evening. 

8. Gen. Skinner'' arrived from Boston. Great loss there in speculation 
upon Georgia lands. 

9. At evening was the exhibition of the Societies in the Chapel. As 
many people as could possibly get in. 

10. Miss A. Skinner taken sick ; bids fair to have a fit of sickness. 

11. Very thoughtless ; taken up entirely with wordly thoughts. 

12. Went and washed in the Sand Spring.^ ^Nly salt-rheum rages some. 

13. My eyes rather weak. Much at!licted at seeing Alice so careless in 
her sickness. 

14. Extraordinar)- warm and pleasant weather for the season. 

15. Began to rain. The President determined to examine us with the 
Juniors. 

16. Was examined ver)- critically. A violent snow-storm. 

17. Our examination continued till night. The chapel cold and uncom- 
fortable. 

18. The Sophomore class was examined. True friendship.' Sickles, a 
member of the Academy, w-as dismissed with disgrace. 

19. Freshmen examined. Deacon Stratton' attended our Conference 
meeting. ^ 

20. j!^F thoughts excessively taken up with wordly objects. Growing 
callous. A proclamation for a fast. 

21. Miss A. S. recovering from her sickness. Academy examined. 



' That is by classes. ' A spring in Williamstown having prop- 

= This was long before the days of kero- Arties like some of the Saratoga Springs. 

sene, and gas was unknown in those parts, * Occasionally in the early parts of the 

and the coming exhibition required a great diary we come upon places where a few 

store of candles. dots stand in the room of words. This may 

3 Rev. Ebenezer Fitch, D. D., a graduate be a continuation of the enigmatical " matter " 

of Yale. President 1-93-1S15. and "it" just before noticed, and may possi- 

. .. „, T ci • ^- J bly be connected with Miss A. Skinner. But 

* Hon. Thompson J. Skinner, mentioned ' , , . . _ , 

, ., T , , there is little use in trying to hnd out the 

in a previous note as one of the Trustees of , , , , . ° , ,, 

. i, „ , r- , CI • u secret thoughts and feelmgs of a voung fellow 

the College, was also General Skinner. He ° ° - o 

, , , ,. J .^ j.jx of eighteen, 

was largely a public man, and was, at dmer- ° 

ent times, in both branches of the State Leg- ' Ebenezer Stratton, chosen deacon of the 

islature, and member of Congress. He was Williamstown church, as successor to Deacon 

much in Boston, and died there January zo, Nathan Wheeler, who removed from town in 

1809. 17S4. 



DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBRIN'S, D.D. 



[1796. 



2 2. Began to recite Vattell." My brother N." arrived in town. The stomi 
below terrible. Messrs. Joel Grant' and Solomon Curtis, at Norfolk, died 
last week. 

23. My brother talks of coming here with a book-store. Wrote to my 
sister B., moved to Paris since I left. 

24. Began to read Millot.* The President publicly protested against the 
drinking companies after examination. 

25. Spring seems to be advancing. 

26. A lengthy and useful recitation on religious establishments. Ver)' full 
conference. 

27. What advantages I have had in preaching and religious institutions, 
now gone. 

28. A number of scholars went to Bennington to have the small-po.x.' 

29. I am in danger of becoming effeminate. Muddy beyond description. 

30. Junior appointments given out. Papers declare the French very 
successful. 

31. A day appointed for fasting. 



I. Ver)^ fine weather. My classmate Romeyn primus^ was, I hear, 
quite unwell ; lingering. 



' Until the present century our text-books 
for schools and colleges were almost all 
brought from the old world. Vattell on the 
Rights of Nations was a standard work of that 
period. 

° Nathaniel Robbins, five years older than 
Thomas. 

' This Joel Grant was the father of Miss 
Z. P. Grant (afterwards the wife of the Hon. 
William Banister, of Newburyport) who, for 
so many years, made the Female Academy 
at Ipswich, Mass., by her wisdom and scholar- 
ship, an institution famous throughout the 
land. 

•* A French historian, who published Ele- 
menls of the History of England, Elements of 
Universal History, etc. 

' This was before the days of our modern 
system of vaccination. Innoculation for the 
small-pox was a much more serious matter 
and must be attended to with great sys- 
tem and care, but even then not unfrequently it 
proved fatal, as in the case of Jonathan Ed- 
wards, in March, 175S, just after his removal 
from Stockbridge to Princeton, N. J. 

" It was at this time [1731] that the practice 
of innoculation was introduced. Dr. Zabdiel 
Boylston [of Boston] is known to be the first 
physician in the British dominion that dared 



to do it. He commenced with his own family, 
innoculating his own son Thomas and two of his 
servants on the 26th of June, and he met with 
success which at that time seemed wonder- 
ful. The clergy of the town encouraged and 
supported him, but the physicians joined 
the populace and opposed the practice with 
all possible vehemence. By Dr. Boylston's 
account it appears that of 5,759 who had 
had the disease in the natural way, 844 
died; whereas of 247 cases attended by him- 
self, and 39 by Drs. Roby, of Cambridge, and 
Thompson, of Charlestown, only six termi- 
nated fatally." — Snow's History of Boston, 
pp. 21S-19. 

The year 1721 was when the small-pox 
made such ravages in Boston. The po])ula- 
tion of the town was then 10,567, of these 
5,813 had the disease, and 771 died. 

' There were two Romeyns in young Rob- 
bins's class, brothers, sons of a Dutch clergy- 
man. Their names were Benjamin and 
Thomas. Benjamin was Romeyn primus, 
and Thomas Romeyn secundiis. Both were 
probably studying for the ministry, but Ben- 
jamin died three months after graduation. 
Thomas, after a long and successful ministry, 
died in Amsterdam, X. Y., in 1857, at the age 
of eighty. 



j,g6.1 AT WILLIAMS COLLEGE. ^ 

2. Made a visit at Esq. Noble's. Saw in the paper a compliment to Gen. 
\\. [Washington] given by a Dutchman at Amsterdam, the greatest that could 
be. A great deal of electioneering in the papers for a Governor' of this State. 

3. Ver)- full meeting. The meeting-house foundation is begun. 

4. Freemen's Meeting, full and disorderly. Almost all voted for the old 
Governor. 

5. Attended the concert of prayer. No disposition for serious things. 

6. At evening a balP here. Troubles me some nov.-. 

7. This world appears vain and lighter than air. Only in friendship can 
we find, etc. 

8. How scandalous that we must have Commencement in this old meet- 
ing-house.^ Almost discouraged about its being destroyed. 

9. A dispute in conference about fasting. May God direct us in the right 
way. 

ID. A member of the church confessed for dmnkenness. My classmate 
Stebbins in town. 

11. Stebbins going to set up a dancing-school. I am sorr)-. Wrote to 
Field in the Square. 

12. A young man dies in town with a consumption. Great noise about 
the President of the U. S." refusing to give up the papers respecting the treaty 
with Great Britain. 

13. Went to the Sand Spring. Down to tea at Gen. Skinner's. 

14. E.xcept a little in the morning, did nothing all day. Very stormy. 

15. Young company here in the house. I am rather obliged to be with 
them. 

16. Received a letter from home. Electioneering in Connecticut for Gov. 
Wolcott.' Commotion about the President of U. S. refusing, etc. Rode up to 
Bennington. Scholars in the small-pox have it hard. 

17. Attended meeting at Bennington.* Heard Mr. Swift ' preach. In the 
evening rode down. Most excellent weather. 



• The celebrated Samuel Adams was then vice. He claimed that the treaty-making 
Governor of Massachusetts, and had been power belonged to the President and Senate, 
since 1794. But he was growing old, was and not to the House of Representatives, and 
now 74, and many thought a younger man he would not give up the papers at the call ot 
should be chosen. He was, however, re- the House. 

elected for one year more. Notice the words ' Oliver Wolcott, LL.D., son of the Co- 

under April 4, "Almost all voted for the old lonial Governor, Roger Wolcott. From 17S6 

Governor." to 1796, he had been Lieut.-Governor of 

2 By what has gone before, and what will Connecticut. In 1796. and 1797, he was 

follow, we may learn that balls occurred fre- chosen Governor. 

quently in Williamstown, and were intimately * Bennington, Vt., was distant from Will- 
connected with the college. iamstown about twelve or fifteen miles. The 

5 Not only the Commencement for 1796, only town inten'ening between the two towns 

but also that of 1797 was held in the Old was Pownel, Vt. 

House. In the autumn of 1798 the new house ' This was Rev. Job Swift, D. D., a native 

was done. of Sandwich, Mass., and a graduate of Yale 

* This was George Washington in the last in the class of 1765. He was pastor at Ben- 
year of his second term of presidential ser- nington, Vt., from 1786 to 1801. 



8 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1796. 

18. Wrote a letter home. Disputed necessity of immediate manumission 
of our slaves.' Settled affirmatively. 

ig. Appointments for Commencement given out. I am well suited. My 
classmates M. and N.^ gone to Lenox to attend court. 

20. Excessive hot. In the afternoon made a visit to the President with 
Alice. 

21. Some of the scholars return from the small-pox. Walked to the 
Spring. 

22. The President taken up in building fann-fence, etc. I exercise con- 
siderable, playing ball. 

23. Something^ sickly in town. 

24. Attended the funeral of a child tliat died with the dysentery-. What 
do the minds of most that attend meeting appear to be upon ? 

25. May I never be in the noise and bustle of civil life. Wrote a letter 
home. 

26. Verj- dry season. Great fires. Difficult to get good questions for 
Commencement. 

27. Read a lecture in the Society. Sophomores wish to avoid exhibition. 

28. Two funerals in town. Children died with dysentery. Stebbins like 
to get a dancing-school. 

29. Attended a sacramental lecture. Very uncomfortable weather. Daniel 
Welch* from New Haven. 

30. Political difficulties run high. The President put an entire stop to a 
dancing-school.' 

Mav. 

1. The slothful man says, a lion in the way. Saw the first instance of 
gambling since I have been in town. Some of the apparatus for college 
arrived. 

2. Van Shaack' of Pittsfield, moved to obtain petitions to have the treaty 
with Great Britain carried into immediate effect. Feel very discouraged. 



' There was a strong anti-slaverj- senti- the kindred of Rev. Daniel Welch, pastor 

ment in the country long before the Garrison at North Mansfield, Ct., 1752-1782, whose 

company existed. It was stronger, indeed, son, Rev. Moses C. Welch, D.D., succeeded 

in the last years of the last century than it him in the ministry at North Mansfield, and 

was in 1830. was pastor there 17S4-1824. 

^ David Mason and Daniel Noble. ' xhis was a little hard on Stebbins. He 

' The word "something," is often used in came to town April loth, and had been slowly 

this diary in the same sense as we now use working up his pet scheme, when his plans 

"somewhat." One of Webster's definitions were suddenly cut short by this overbearing 

of something is, " In some degree, somewhat, and tyrannical President. 

' something too much of this.' " ^ Mr. Henry Van Shaack, a prominent citi- 

■* The first minister of Williamstown was zen of Pittsfield, M.ass. The petitions which 
Rev. Whitman Welch, a native of New Mil- he wanted to obtain were on the side of Wash- 
ford, Ct., and a graduate of Yale in 1762. ington. The House of Representatives, be- 
He died as chaplain of the northern army, cause it thought itself slighted, was obstruct, 
of small-pox, in Canada, 1776. This Daniel ing the treaty, and trying to frame laws to 
Welch may have been of his kindred ; or, prevent the treaty from going into practical 
from his given name, he may have been of effect. 



1796.; 



AT WILLIAMS COLLEGE. 



3. The coqjoration met. My father in town. They drove business ver}- 
much. Dreadful tumult here. 

4. The corporation went off in tlie morning. In the afternoon rode down 
to Col. Sloan's on a visit. Received a packet of letters from my old classmate. 

5. Finished reciting Vattell. Attempting to study chemistry. Do not 
well like it. 

6. Considerable talk in town about the situation of the new college. 
Drank tea at Starkweatlier"s.' 

7. I am in danger of being of a t}"rannical disposition.^ An excellent 
conference. Ford' came to enter college from Yale. 

8. Good preaching. The fading nature of the world. Troubles between 
the lower classes and the town people about a ball. 

9. It rains after a verj- uncommon drought for the season. The scholars 
begin to wish to go home. 

10. The universal voice of the people in favor of our Federal government.* 
My eyes weak. Human nature ugly and obstinate. 

11. Town meeting very full. This house all bustle. 

12. Finished reading Millot. Inspected the Societ\-"s librar}'.^ In good 
order. 

13. My classmate Komeyn prmus, came to join the class again. Vanities 
will engross my attention. 

14. The scholars clean the ground around college thoroughly. I attend 
serious meeting and my heart far distant. 

15. At evening very rainy. Full meeting, but little serious attention. 
Wrote letters to my cousins W. and J. Gould.'' Received a letter from 



16. 
home 

17- 

ball. 

18. 

19. 



The Juniors had a very good exhibition. Got out of the noise of the 
My horse came from home.' 

Set out for home, came to Lanesborough. It rained all afternoon. 
Visited mv old classmate Fow-ler^ at Pittsfield. Disturbance latelv at 



Yale College. Came to Stockbridge. It rained in afternoon. Staved. 



' Young Robbins here uses the language 
of familiarit}'. There was a family of Stark- 
weathers in Williamstown, of which William 
Starkweather, graduated at Williams College 
in 1S09, was a member. 

- No one would have suspected it. 

' Simeon Ford of the class of 179S, Will- 
iams College, afterwards a lawyer. 

* After the experiences of Shays's Rebel- 
lion in 17S7, it was but natural that men 
should be timid and watchful as to the suc- 
cess of our new experiment in government. 

' Remembering how much of Dr. Robbins's 
life-work centered about the collecting, shap- 
ing and managing of a library, the fact that, 
at the age of nineteen he was made inspector 



of the Societ}''s library at Williams College, 
is not without significance. 

' Rebekah Hannah Robbins, daughter of 
Rev. Philemon Robbins, of Branford, Ct., 
married Mr. William Gould. W. and J. 
Gould are her sons, living at Manchester, 
Vermont. 

' It was a common custom of that day, 
when students went and came between their 
homes and the colleges, to go on horseback, 
some one going with 'them to lead back the 
horse and z/;Vif versa. 

* This was Bancroft Fowler, afterwards 
tutor, both at Vale and Williams, and Pro- 
fessor of Sacred Literature in Bangor Theo- 
logical Seminarv. 



DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. 



[1796. 



20. Arrived home." The family mostly been very sick with the measles. 
All well and recovering. 

21. My father received a letter from my sister B.' at Paris. Like to live 
comfortably. 

22. Attended meeting. Unsearchable riches, etc. The mourners here 
numerous. 

23. A good visit from SilP from Goshen. Very rainy backward weather. 

24. My brother A. here. Traded considerably. Wrote a letter to Steb- 
bins now at New Haven. 

25. Preparing to go to New York. Assist daily in hearing my father's 
scholars. 

26. Made a visit to old Mr. Darby. He li\es here, likely to li^-e long, and 
cut off.' 

27. Set out on my journe); for New York. Came to my brother's' in 
Canaan. Fever and ague prevailing in Canaan. 

28. Came to Warren. Something rainy. Agreed to tarry over Sabbath. 

29. Pretty full meeting at Warren.' Singing very well. Speculators all 
over the country. 

30. In the forenoon very rainy. In afternoon came to New Milford. 
Stayed with an acquaintance. 

31. Rode to Stamford. Missed my way between Danbury and Ridgefield. 
Lost four miles. Lodged at a tavern. From Norfolk to New York, one 
hundred and twenty miles.' 

June. 

1. Took Stage at Kingsbridge,' arrived at New York in the afternoon. 
Found I\Ir. Watson' at home and very kind. Crops on the road prettv prom- 
ising. Saw Esq. Smith, formerly of Bennington. 

2. \\'alked about town with Mr. W. and nephew, and alone. Mr. W. 



' He had been out two nights on the jour- 
ney. In going from Williamstown, Mass., to 
Norfolk, Ct., lie would pass through the towns 
of New Ashford, Lanesborough, Pittstield, 
Lenox, Stockbridge, Great Barrington, and 
portions of Sheffield and New Marlborough. 

- Elizabeth Robbins (called Betsey), now 
Mrs. Lawrence, wife of Grove Lawrence, and 
living at Paris, N. Y. 

' Theodore Sill, a graduate of Yale in 
1797. 

■' Meaning probably a lonely life, cut off 
from society. 

^ The same brother spoken of just before, 
Ammi Ruhamah, Jr. 

'■ The minister there was Rev. Peter Starr, 
his uncle, a graduate of Yale in 1764, one 
of the Trustees of Yale, whose ministry at 
Warren lasted from 1769 to 1S25. 



' He left Norfolk April 27. Leaving out 
Sunday he was five days on the journey. 

^ Kingsbridge is thirteen miles north of City 
Hall, New York, on the Harlem River. It 
was a small place in the last century, but fig- 
ured somewhat conspicuously in the Revolu- 
tionary War. 

9 James Watson, a native of Litchfield, Ct., 
fitted for college by Rev. Mr. Robbins at 
Norfolk, was graduated at Yale in 1776. He 
settled in New York, and became a weahhy 
merchant, and a man of large public spirit. 
He was Speaker of the New York House of 
Representatives, State Senator, and United 
States Senator. He remained a fast friend 
of Mr. Robbins's family. James Watson 
Y'ebb and James Watson Robbins, younger 
brother of Thomas, were both named from 
him. He died in 1S06. 



1796.] SUMMER VACATION'. II 

took me into the museum. Much talk and agitation about State elections. 
The Federal party triumphs. Went to Col. Fay's.' His sons home from \V. 
College. A vast quantity of shipping here. 

3. Dined at Col. Fay's with Gov. Robinson.' Found an old college 
acquaintance, Gardiner. Saw an elephant kept as a curiosity. Attended the 
theatre; out about 11 o'clock. Seven counties visible from one of Mr. 
W.'s chambers. Congressmen come on from Philadelphia. It [Congress] 
rose Wednesday the first. 

4. Walked along up the North River. Saw a ship of 900 tons. Dined 
with Gardiner.^ Went over to Governor's Island, and saw the fortifications 
there. Mr. W. went in the evening to the coffee-house. Very uncertain and 
contradictory accounts about peace in Europe. 

5. Wet weather. Attended meeting A. M. at Dr. Rogers.* He admin- 
istered the sacrament before the whole congregation at a table. Dined on 
green peas. P. M. heard Mr. Bisset,' Episcopal, at St. Paul's. A grand 
monument there to the memory of Gen. Montgomer\'. In the evening Mr. 
W. talked to me excellently about conduct in life. Company here today at 
dinner. Great parade. A common and polite maxim that all mankind did 
not descend from the same source. 

6. Walked with Fay and Rathbone, an academic acquaintance, all round 
the extension of the city. Quite warm. Provisions cheap in Europe, will 
likely [be] so here. Am sorry I know not the dimensions of mamma's coat of 
arms. Could easily get a glass here. 

7. Two or three foreign ships arrived this morning. Peace is expected 
this summer in the West Indies. Good men here consider Connecticut'' the 
sheet anchor of our government. Viewed the new hotel. O ! the depravity 
of mankind. O ! the state of religion and morals. 

8. Mr. W. helped me to pay for my clothes. Went to a number of places 
to get letters to carry to different places. The small-pox ver}- thick and 
common here. By the latest accounts, very little prospect of peace in Europe 
very soon. The democratical interest ver)- lawless. 

9. Provisions are falling. Left New York, 9 o'clock. Came in the stage 
to Kingsbridge. Took my horse' and rode thirty-eight miles to Norwalk after 
12 o'clock. Excessive hot. 



' Col. Joseph F.iy, formerly of Bennington, tor of Brick Church, N. Y., 1765 to his death 

Vt., and a prominent man in public affairs in in iSi i. 

Vermont. His later years were passed in ' Rev. John Bisset, a Scotchman, born in 

New York. His two sons, Joseph Dewey 1762, made Assistant Minister at Trinity 

and Hiram Fay, were graduated at Williams Church, New York, in 1792. An eloquent 

College, the former in 1798, and the latter in preacher. 

iSoo. ' The position of Connecticut, in the last 

^ Moses Robinson, second Governor of century, was very peculiar. In the number 

Vermont. Afterwards elected United States and character of her educated and public 

Senator. men, she was foremost among the States. 

^ Jonathan Gardiner, a graduate of Yale, ' He had left his horse there in stable or 

1795. pasture during his visit of eight days in New 

' Dr. John Rodgers, native of Boston, pas- York. 



12 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBEIXS, D.D. [1796. 

10. Much disturbed in my sleep last niglit b}' bad fellows at the tavern. 
Came to Mrs. Silliman's,' Fairfield, to breakfast. Arrived at New Haven after 
noon. Ver}' happy with my classmates. Never heard a praver but at meet- 
ing, nor a blessing at the table, after I went from Warren, till I came to New 
Haven.- 

11. My classmate Davis ^ thinks of coming to take .Stockbridge school. 
\\'ent to see the President. Three or four scholars must be expelled. Eat in 
Commons. Very good. They behave quite orderly. At evening attended 
praying meeting. Mr. and Mrs. Bishop* very kind. 

12. In the forenoon the President' preached in the Chapel. In the afternoon, 
Mr. Holmes,^ of Cambridge. Talked some about Phi Betiens in the ne.xt class. 

13. Had something to settle about an old classical rate. Came from New 
Haven after prayers, and got home at supper. Very warm day. 

14. Quite tired. Joiners at work at our house. Helped my brother get 
timber. 

15. Attend to my father's school. Read some in Paine's Ag^e of Reason. 
Shocking ! 

16. The present state of the Eastern world shocks humanity. The pros- 
pect is blood and carnage. 

17. Worked in the barn-yard with stone-work. 

18. Very hot weather. Preparing to go to college. Consulted Poole's 
Synopsis^ 

19. Mr. Hallock' preached here verj- well. Crowded out of our pew. 
Meeting very full. Sing well. 

20. Set out for college. Came to Stockbridge. Agreed with Mr. Bidwell 
for Davis ' to take that school. 

21. Came to college. A ver\' hot and growing season. E.xtraordinar)- 
prospects for crops. 

22. My little brother" went off with my horse. Arranging my things. My 
classmate Komeyn pn'mi/s, gone home very unwell. 



' Benjamin Silliman, afterwards the distin- First Church, Cambridge, Mass., 1792 to 1831. 

guished professor for long years at Yale, was Father of Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
a classmate of young Robbins, and this Mrs. ' Mathew Poole's Synopsis Criticorum Bib- 

Silliman, now a widow, was his mother. Her licontm, or elucidations of Scripture by vari- 

husband. Col. Gold Selleck Silliman, a dis- ous hands : 5 vols, folio, 1669. 
tinguished graduate of Yale, in the class of ^ Jeremiah Hallock, pastor at West Sims- 

1752, died in 1790. bury, Ct. [now Canton], from 1785, to his 

^ This was very likely young Robbins's death in iS 19. Received the honorary degree 

first experience of life out of New England, of A. M. from Yale College in 17SS. 
and he noted the differences. 'This business had been entrusted to him by 

^ Henry Davis, D.D., the President, in Davis at New Haven, because he could attend 

after years, of Middlebury and Hamilton Col- to it on his way back to Williams College. 
leges. '° Possibly it may have been Francis Le 

* The f.-ither and mother of Timothy Bishop Baron Robbins, in after life minister at En- 

already mentioned. field, Ct. He was then nine years old, and 

5 Dr. Timothy Dwight. the youngest of the family. More likely it 

' Abiel Holmes, D. D., a native of Wood- was either James Watson Robbins, then four- 

itock, Ct., graduate of Yale 17S3, pastor of teen years old, or Samuel, twelve years old. 



1796.] AT WILLIAMS COLLEGE. 13 

23. Began to write my Ladn oration. Sent to New York for parcliment 
for diploma.' 

24. The probabilit)' that the President will be candidate next election. 
Makes great speculation." 

25. Spoke on the stage this week. Ver)- hot and growing. Very hard 
shower. 

26. jNIeeting-house much crowded. At evening at Gen. Skinner's. 

27. Appointed monitor. Conversed a good deal with Mr. Linsley.^ 

28. Finished my oration. I grow constantly callous and thoughtless. 
Troubled about the old meeting-house.' 

29. Studying chemistr)-. Doubting whether to attempt to write a dialogue 
for Commencement. 

30. Mr. Linsle}' in my room a considerable part of the day. Capital pun- 
ishment getting out of date through the countr}-. 

July. 

1. A member lately expelled from Yale College. Attended sacramental 
lecture. Went to see a member of the Academy. Very sick. The meeting- 
house assaulted, more or less, every night.' 

2. A number of students gone out of town on account of Independence, 
to be celebrated particularly at Richmond.^ Read some pieces in the confer- 
ence. Veiy attentive. 

3. Sacrament administered. At dinner swallowed a pin. Sat up ver\- 
late writing. 

4. The students fired guns, etc., then came here and were veiy noisy, 
drinking toasts, etc. At evening was at Gen. Skinner's. 

5. Disputed before the President. Attended the concert of prayer. 
Saw a man making brick — to make 300,000 for a new college. 

6. Bray' came up to see me from Lanesborough. Began our classical 
exercises for examination. 

7. Bray lost his horse. Had to go round town with him to hire one. 
Find it a great job to write a dialogue. 

8. Excessive hot, relaxing weather, as it has been for a number of days. 
Have considerable company at my room. 



' It seems to have been the custom then ment e.xercises in it. Had been hoping for a 

at Williams for each graduating student to new one. 

provide parchment for his degree and have it ' This was a student-Uke way of testifying 

printed at his own charge. righteous indignation. 

- President Washington was not again can- * Richmond was some twenty-five miles 

didate. In September, 1796, he published his away. This was Saturday, and they must go 

Farewell Address, and retired to private life. on that day in order to be ready for Monday 

^ Noah Linsley, a graduate of Vale 1791. the 4th. 

Had been tutor at Williams in 1793 ^"'l 4- ' Oliver Bray, probably, who was gradu- 

■* Because they must have their Commence- ated at Vale in 1795, the year before. 



14 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l/Q^- 

9. A considerable change in the weather, dr)-, wind}', and very dusty. 
Had a good visit with Mrs. Fitch.' It appears that tlie French will triumph 
this campaign.^ 

10. Mr. S., of IJennington,' preached here most excellently. 

11. Messrs. Huntington and Dunbar came to my room to see me. Wheat 
is much fallen. E.xtraordinary prospect for crops of all kinds. 

12. The Professor lost his youngest child. ■* Ver)' pretty. Showerv', rela.x- 
ing weather. 

13. Attended the fUneral of Mr. McKay's child. Danger that the dysen- 
tery will prevail in this town. 

14. Better harvests hardly ever known in United States. 80,000 inhabi- 
tants in Philadelphia.' ^^'hat a highly favored land. 

15. Great disturbance in town on account of the meeting-house being set 
on fire last night.^ It was happily extinguished. Various conjectures about 
the perpetrators. 

16. The whole week has been wet and lowery weather. Fruit plenty. 
Peace and plenty crown the year tiirough the loving-kindness of God. 

17. The weather warm and the house crowded. Was very faint at meet- 
ing. In afternoon, the President preached on account of the Professor's 
child's death. Excellent sermon. 

18. The town and college considerably alarmed about the dysentery.' 
The weather unfavorable. Wrote a letter home. Considerably unwell. 

19. A number of scholars getting leave to go home. Some unwell, and 
others afraid they shall be. 

20. This morning we are met with the solemn tidings that French, an 
amiable and worthy member of the Sophomore class, last night slept in death, 
with the dysentery in four days from a state of health. May we hear God's 
voice. Also a woman, close to college, in the prime of life, in about three 
days from health. Both funerals attended in the afternoon.* Could not wait 
for French's friends to arrive. A ver)' solemn and affecting occasion. 



' This was the wife of the President. ■• Professor Mackay, the instructor in 

When she married him she was Mrs. Mary French. At that time he was the only per- 

Cogswell, a highly cultivated and intelligent son in the College who bore the title of 

woman. Her maiden name was Mary Backus, Professor. All the rest of the instruction 

and she was daughter of Major Ebenezer and was given by the President and the tutors. 

Mercy (Edwards) Backus of Windham, Ct. ' This estimate is too large. In 1800 Phil- 

Her first husband, with whom she lived only adelphia had about 70,000 inhabitants. 

a brief married life, was Samuel Cogswell, ' It is not safe to explore those good old 

son of Rev. James Cogswell, D. D., of Scot- tivies too closely. 

land parish, Windham, Ct. Her first and ' The dysentery seems to have been more 

second husbands were playmates in child- of a fatal epidemic in those years than at 

hood, and classmates in Yale College. present. 

° This was the year of Napoleon's brilliant ° Funerals were hastened probably on ac- 

campaign in Italy, including the battles of count of the nature of the disease, though, 

Arcole. the one at the Bridge of Lodi, and as a common fact, there was apt to be a shorter 

others. interval then between death and burial than 

^ Rev. Job Swift, D. D. now. 



1796-] AT WILLIAMS COLLEGE. 15 

2 1. Pinished my dialogue and carried it to the President. His youngest 
child very sick with dysentery. He denies scholars to go home. The 
weather is now very favorable on account of sickness. 

22. There is a prospect that almost all Europe will declare Great Britain 
in a state of siege. People in the heat of haying. 

23. The yellow fever appears in New York. Hope it may not spread. A 
ver}' serious conference. Read a funeral sermon of President Davis.' Ver)- 
good. 

24. Mr. Swift in the afternoon preached on the occasion of the late deaths 
here. At evening attended singing meeting. They sing well here."" 

25. On account of the President's sick child he cannot attend recitations. 
The weather this summer, the doctors say, generally unhealthy. 

26. I am quite unwell with an excessive cold. A number sick in town. 

27. The dysentery in other places, particularly Sheffield. The war insup- 
portable in Great Britain. In fourteen months past Mr. Pitt has laid out 
/"4,ooo,ooo. This evening Free Masons meet here. Noisy. 

28. Made a cone, for the Sophomores, in the brick-yard. Engaged in 
reviewing for examination. 

29. A man dies with the dysenterj' in the prime of life. Large concourse 
at the funeral. The Free Masons have great formality.^ 

30. Very rainy. At night a very good conference. 

31. Very much crowded and hot at meeting. The mourners'* here are 
many. At evening had some noisy company at my room. Could not easily 
avoid it.' 

August. 

1. The dysentery prevails considerably in the countrj', but what is it to 
the horrors of '76 and '77. A wicked world must have judgments. 

2. Our examination for degrees began this afternoon at 3 o'clock.^ The 
President much detained with his sick child. The tutors examine. Those of 
the corporation in town attend. 

3. Our examination closed at 4 o'clock. Went round ninety times. All 
admitted. We finally passed very accurately. The examiners give us the 
preference to the last class.' In the evening a Society exhibition in the 
chapel. Very good. 



' Without doubt, Rev. Samuel Davies, ■* Those afflicted by the recent deaths, 
elected President of the College of New ^ Saturday evening was kept as a portion 
Jersey in 1759, on the death of President of the Sabbath, and Sunday evening was re- 
Jonathan Edwards. He himself died after garded as secular time. 

holding the office but a brief term, in 1761. * The examination of the Seniors took 

A collection of his sermons was published in place a month and more before the close of 

London in 1767, in five vols., and passed the term, that they might be released from 

through several editions. the regular college duties in order to prepare 

- The Billings and Holden style of church their parts for Commencement, 

music was then in full vogue. ' That is the ordinary fact with each class, 

' That is, at the funeral. He was doubt- from that day to this, as the classes under- 
less interred with Masonic rites. stand it. 



l6 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [l796. 

4. Thus have I arrived at the close of my college course. I look back on 
these four years with pleasure and regret. O ! that I could go over with them 
again. As an emblem of real life, I am strikingly convinced of its fleeting 
nature. I feel verj- disagreeably, in a measure nonplussed. May I be directed 
in my duty whatever it be. May I not depend too much on the world. 
What is life, connections, education, when compared with an hereafter ? 
Received a letter from Mr. Judson, Sheffield.' 

5. Last night the worst frolic here that I ever knew. \\'rote a letter home. 
My feelings exceedingly wounded with the carouse. My dialogue approved 
for Commencement.^ 

6. Something unwell and uneasy. Very unable to study. A scandal 
that all college must get out to see horses nui. Some seriousness in col- 
lege.' 

7. In the afternoon Mr. Huntington,' the tutor, preached very acceptably. 
Meeting veiy full. At evening heard them sing beautifully. 

8. Last night, the President's little child, si.xteen months old, closed the 
scene of mortal life. May the frequent instances of mortality around us have 
some little effect. 

9. Attended the funeral. Had a long private talk with a member of the 
Sophomore class about Commencement. I hope all will turn for the best. 

10. Delivered a farewell address to the Society. Sent off my diploma to 
be printed. Am verj' sorrj' to differ from my classmates in opinion about 
Commencement. 

11. Thus nineteen years have rolled over my head.^ At evening an 
exhibition here by a travelling fellow. 

12. Am exceedingly pleased with Montesquieu.^ At evening attended the 
exhibition here. It was the first, and, I presume, the last. 

13. Rode up to Manchester.' Quite tired. Found my cousin, W. Gould. 
Stayed with him. Very hot. 

14. Found my Uncle Gould '^ in a pretty poor situation. He retains his 
mental powers. I had no idea of the irreligion and profanity that prevail in 
Vermont. No Sabbath at all.' 



' Rev. Ephraim Judson, D. D., already * This was his nineteenth birthday, 

noticed. He was a prominent divine in those '' Charles de Secondat, Baron of Breede, 

parts, and instructed young men in theology- born 16S9, a noble thinker and writer, quoted 

^ In those early days at Williams College, often in every generation since his death, but 

when the classes were small, it was natural better known in the last century than now. 

that the students graduating should appear ' Manchester is a Vermont town about 

on the stage in more than one part. Voung fifty miles north of Williamstown. 

Robbins, as we shall see, had three parts in ^ William Gould, who married Rebekah 

the Commencement e.xercises. Hannah Robbins. 

■5 The worldly and the serious here brought ' The state of morals and religion was 

close together. very low in New England generally in the last 

■* Rev. Dan Huntington was a minister of years of the last century, caused in part bv 

far more than ordinary grace and culture. the Revolutionary War. 



1796.] AT WILLIAMS COLLEGE. I7 

15. Age of Reason is greedily received in Vermont. Heard of the death 
of Esq. Woodbridge," of Stockbridge. Rode back to Williamstown. 

16. Young people rode up to Bennington to celebrate the day of the Ben- 
nington battle 1777. My classmates less strenuous about Commencement 
ball. 

17. Fixed upon a question with my classmate Noble.' \<tr\ dry and 
dusty. The President all taken up with his painting. 

iS. Wrote letters to Mr. Judson, of Sheffield, and home. England herself, 
as well as France, seems determined on her destruction. Western posts 
given up.^ 

19. Wrote letters to Uncle Robbins, Aunt Thompson,'' and Uncle Lemuel 
Le Baron. 

20. E.xcessive hot. Very sickly at Sheffield.' The dysenterv'. Serious 
thoughts quite worn off. 

21. People here are not offended at close preaching, because they do not 
care anything about it. 

22. My sister S.'s birthday.' People of this county much agitated about 
the election of a member of Congress.' 

23. A number of Academicians dismissed for stealing corn to roast. Some 
troubled with the toothache. 

24. Began to write my dispute for Commencement. Heard rather vaguely 
that the Emperor had made peace with France. 

25. Troubled to get my Latin oration inspected. A small shower of rain. 

26. Feel considerably low spirited. My dispute finished. 

27. All confusion with electioneering. At evening a very good Senior's 
conference. 



' Hon. Jahleel Woodbridge, who in 1764 of the town, was very fatal in Sheffield. In 

married Lucy Edwards, fifth daughter of Jon- the early part of the season the dam was 

athan Edwards. His wife died in Oct., 1786. raised a foot, or a foot and a half, and the 

He married again the widow of Rev. John banks of the pond and stream, then covered 

Keep, of Sheffield, who was the daughter of with vegetation, were overflowed. The season 

Rev. Philemon Robbins. Mr. Woodbridge was uncommonly hot, and heavy rains fell at 

was a graduate of Princeton, a Judge of Pro- intervals of fifteen and twenty days, by which 

bate, and four years a member of State Senate. the water was successively raised, and then 

= That is, a question for a public disputa- lowered by the letting off of the water at the 

tion on Commencement day. mills. The sickness began in July and con- 

' Fortified positions held by these nations tinued and increased until the occurrence of 

in our western world, given up for the more frosts in October, during which about sixty 

complete consolidation of their forces for persons died." — History of County of Berk- 

their strife at home. shire, 1829, pp. 179 and iSo. 

■* Aunt Thompson was Irene Robbins. <■ Sarah, afterwards Mrs. Joseph Battell, 

daughter of Rev. Philemon Robbins, who mar- her seventeenth birthday, 

ried Mr. G. D. Thompson. ' Theodore Sedgwick, of Stockbridge, had 

5 "In the summer and autumn of 1796, the been member of Congress from this district 

dysentery and bilious remitting fever, then from 17S9 to 1797. The election now on hand 

ai\\e.& pond fever, from its supposed origin in was for the fifth Congress, 1797 to 1799, and 

the miasma of a mill pond (known at that Col. Thompson J. Skinner, of Williamstown, 

time as Hubbard's mill pond), near the center was chosen. 



l8 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROEBIXS, D.D. [1796. 

28. Mr. Huntington preached all day. Works will never save the soul. 
Ver)- hot and dry. 

29. Turner," of the Sophomore class, delivered a funeral oration on the 
death of his late classmate French. 

30. Received a letter from home. Mv classmate Mason arrived in town. 

31. The papers full of electioneering. The Junior class examined. 
Months roll away, and I do no good in the world. 

September. 

1. Attend examination. Engaged in committing my pieces for Com- 
mencement. 

2. A steady rain. No rain except one ver)' small shower since the 30th 
of July. The greatest drought I ever saw. 

3. This house all confusion preparing for Commencement. Much affected 
at the conference. We are continually connecting and parting in this world. 

4. Dr. Cogswell,- of Scotland, preached in the forenoon, Mr. Lee,^ of Lis- 
bon, in the afternoon. In the evening wrote an account of the fearful time 
on the 5th of August. Had a particular conversation with Mills.'' 

5. Today this county is in a complete ferment electing a member of 
Congress.* Two hundred and ninety-six votes in this town. This the master 
place for company. 

6. My father arrived in the evening. In the afternoon my mamma and 
brothers. In the evening a verj- handsome illumination. 

7. This day I close my career in college. Human science in some degree 
I ha\e got. But what is that alone. Exhibited in three parts. Received a 
degree. At even attended the ball.* Very fine weather, a great concourse of 
people. A scandal to have Commencement in such an old meeting-house. 
May I be directed in whatever I may be called to do in life. 

8. Attended the morning lecture. The corporation very full of business. 
They expunged Dr. Hopkins's system.' My mamma made a visit to Mr. 
Skinner's. Settled all my accounts. 



' Nathaniel Turner, afterwards minister of ' From remarks in the diary, we infer that 

New Marlborough, already spoken of. young Robbins would have preferred there 

' Dr. James Cogswell, from 1772 to 1804 should be no Commencement ball. But as 

the pastor of Scotland parish, Windham, Ct. the opposite opinion prevailed, he attended 

He was a native of Saybrook, Ct., a graduate probably out of courtesy, 

of Yale in 1742, and a conspicuous divine of ' "Through the influence of Dr. West, of 

the last century. President Fitch was a Stockbridge, Dr. Hopkins's System of Divin- 

nephew of his, and had been fitted for Yale ity was, for a time, one of the te.xt-books of 

College by him. the Senior class. In March, 1797, the Presi- 

' Dr. Andrew Lee, of Lisbon, Ct., pastor dent writes : ' In future we shall read Dod- 

there from 176S to 1S32, a graduate of Yale dridge's Lectures in lieu of Hopkins's Sys- 

in 1766. tem.'" — Diu-fce's History of Wtlluims College, 

* Elijah H. Mills, LL.D., a graduate of p. 84. 

Williams in 1797. A member of Congress. Dr. Hopkins was the new school man of his 

* Col. Thompson J. Skinner elected as just time, and the conservative elements in the 
before stated. He was son of Rev. Thomas corporation at Williams College prevailed 
Skinner, minister at Westchester, Ct., 1740- against him. 

1762. 



1796-] COMMENCEMENT AT VALE. I9 

• 

9. In the morning quite rainy. Towards noon took a final leave of all 
the endearments of college, and set off for home. Came to Pittsfield. 

10. The sickness at Sheffield is dreadful, greater apparently, than at Phila- 
delphia. Pond fever and dysenter)-. Got home late at night. My things 
came pretty safe. 

n. Very full meeting. A shame that we cannot have a pew.' 

12. Set out with my sister^ for New Haven. Very hot, rode to Farming- 
ton. At evening hard shower. 

13. Got to New Haven. At evening the most splendid fire-works and 
music I have ever seen. Extravagant. The corporation are determined to 
stop it. The whole cost this year above ;^5o. Very much surprised to hear 
of the death of my old classmate Herrick.^ 

14. The best Commencement I have ever seen. Davis delivered an 
oration against theaters forty minutes long. The e.xercises very long. Went 
on the stage in alphabetic order with the class and took a degree. Extremely 
hot. At evening a violent thunder shower. My sister attended the ball. 
^\"rote a letter to Uncle Robbins. 

15. Davis delivered an oration on Herrick's death. Met with the Phi 
Beta Kappa Society. Bought some books, a chart of history, etc. In the 
afternoon attended the funeral of Benj. Heyward, who was yesterday his own 
murderer. He shot himself about noon, and lived in great anguish till mid- 
night. Such respect ought not to be paid to a suicide.* 

16. Set out for home with my sister. Received the greatest kindness at 
jNIr. Bishop's. Came to Litchfield.' The drought is very great and universal. 

17. Got home towards night* I am preserved and prospered in the house 
and by the way. But how do I acknowledge all favors ? 

iS. A very cold, chilly day. In the afternoon, before the stated exercise, 
was a short season of prayer for affiicted Sheffield. 

19. Read Mr. Ames's speech in Congress.' Most masterly. Cast up my 
expenses at College. The whole of the money I have received of mv father 
;^i27 14.?. loc/. The two first years I had about ^50, the third year about 
£:i.o, and the last about £27-" 



' For some reason the parish had taken * From Litchfield to Norfolk not more 

away the minister's pew, probably to compel than eighteen or twenty miles, 
him to buy or hire one. ' This was the great speech of Fisher 

^ The sister that goes with him is Sarah, Ames, in the United States House of Repre- 

two years younger than himself. sentatives on the British Treaty. It was given 

^ Edward Herrick, whose name stands with April 28, 1796, on the basis of the following 

the class of 1796, in the Yale Triennal with resolution: 
{post oliii) aiter it. "J^t-so/zyd: That it is expedient to have 

■* Here we have a burial not more than the laws necessary to carry into effect the 

thirteen or fourteen hours after death. The treaty lately concluded between the United 

haste, in this case, is not the same that led States and the King of Great Britain." 
to quick burials at Williamstown, but proba. ° This record shows two things clearly, 

bly because the dead man committed suicide. viz. : Young Robbins's economy while in col- 

' About thirty-five miles from New Haven lege, and his habits of order in keeping his 

to Litchfield. accounts. 



20 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1796. 

20. How highly Connecticut is favored, no internal broils, all is peace and 
harmony. 

21. Engaged in reading Rollin's Aiuiciit History. The latter harvest much 
cut off. 

22. How happv has been my life for a few years past." I see trouble and 
an.xiety before me. 

23. Wrote to my oldest sister at Paris.' May she be prepared for some- 
thing in life. 

24. A very hard headache. My father preparing to go to the westward.^ 

25. My father preached. Baptized a child born five months after his 
father's death. 

26. Mr. Wales,' a candidate, came to preach for my father in his absence. 
Fine weather. 

27. My father set out on his journey westward as a missionary to the new 
settlements from this State. 

28. Gen. Washington has publicly refused to be considered as a candidate 
for President of the United States for the next election. May the ad\ice he 
has left us be carefully attended to. 

29. Had a tooth extracted which has given me considerable pain. General 
trainings all over the countiy. 

30. Was informed of the account of our Commencement in Stockbridge 
paper. Not right. 

OCTOBEK. 

1. Rode up to Stockbridge. Saw my classmate Knapp.' and my old 
classmate Parker.' The sickness in Sheffield much abated. Laus Dec. 

2. Mr. Avery,' of Tyringham, preached at Stockbridge very seriously. 
Drank tea at Mr. Sedgwick's." 

3. Got acquainted with Mr. Andrews. Wrote a piece to put in tlie paper. 
My Aunt Woodbridge rather melancholy but pretty well. 

4. Rode home. Think of taking Sheffield school. My friend, Mr. ^^'at- 
son, of New York, here in the evening. 

5. Mr. Wales and I making some salve for the salt-rheum. \\'orked at 
huskinsr. 



' Dr. Robbins through his long life was ^ David Knapp, graduate of Williams Col- 

o£ an even temperament, and of a calm, lege 1796. 
happy, gentle spirit. ' Joseph Parker, class of 1796 at Yale. 

' Elizabeth, known according to the New Young Robbins makes a distinction between 

England fashion as Betsey, before spoken of. those with whom he spent the Senior year 

^ This was common among the settled at Williams, and his associates for three 

ministers of New England, before the Mis- years at Yale. He calls the first classmates, 

sionary Societies of Connecticut and Massa- and the other old classmates, 
chusetts were formed, and even afterwards. ' Rev. Joseph Avery, a native of Stoning- 

•• There was a Mr. Eleazar Wales who was ton, Ct., pastor at Tyringham, Mass., from 

licensed by the Windham County Associa- 1789 to iSoS. 

tion in 1765, and he was probably the man ' Hon. Theodore Sedgwick, M. C. a 

supplying the pulpit at Norfolk in the pas- very prominent man, mentioned in a previ- 

tor's absence. ous note. 



1796-] AT HOME AT NORFOLK. 21 

6. Reading the histon- of Alexander. He was made a scourge of the 
human race to fulfill the prophecies. 

7. Prett}' much taken up with my father's scholars. Steadv, cool weather. 

8. Made some black-ball. I live along from day to day. and from week 
to week, useless.' 

9. Mr. Gillet,' of Torrington, preached here. Few places where people 
are so good to attend meeting and so attentive to listen as here. 

10. A number of scholars here going up to college — two new ones gone 
from this town. 

11. Wrote to my old friend and classmate Davis. Fine weather and the 
people of the countr)' very much journeying.' 

12. My salt-rheum begins to rage ver}- much. Strongly beset to attend a 
minister's meeting. Refused. 

13. Electioneering runs higher than ever in the county of Berkshire. If 
such a spirit becomes prevalent in our republic, adieu freedom of elections. 

14. JNIy brother A. and Mr. Lawrence' here — the latter from Paris. The 
drought is distressing all over the countrv'. Everything presages a hard winter. 

15. My classmate Mason came to see me and tarried over the Sabbath. 
Going to sVidy law at Stockbridge. 

16. Mr. Bogue,' of Winchester, preached here. A hard rain. 

17. Histor)- makes mankind appear in their true light. It also shows the 
admirable fulfillment of the sacred prophecies. 

18. Fruit this year very light, as also the latter harvest. Accounts of a 
decisive French victory' in Italy. 

19. Considerably unwell. Some troubled with the headache. Dr. Hunt- 
ington's posthumous work in favor of universal salvation has come out' 

20. I am too much attached to this world. Place my happiness on things 
below. ]*Iy thoughts too much engrossed with intruding vanities. 

21. Worked with my brother sowing clover seed, etc. 

22. Rode about town on errands. Read some in President Edwards's 
Afisa'/Zanies. 

23. Heard Mr. Wales preach. Crowded out of my mother's pew. Wrote 
a letter to Uncle Robbins. 



' E.xpressions like these must be under- ' Rev. Publius V. Bogue, a native of Avon, 

stood b)' reference to the habits of those Ct., a graduate of Yale in 17S7, pastor at 

times among Christian people. Winchester from 1791 to iSoo. 

^ Rev. Alexander Gillet, a native of '' This news came probably from the bat- 

Granby, Ct., pastor at Wolcott, Ct., eighteen tie of Roveredo, fought on the 4th of Sep- 

years, and at Torrington, Ct., thirt}--four tember, in which the French were victorious 

years, a man of more than ordinary pulpit over the Austrians, followed by the battle of 

power. Bassano on the Sth of September, in which 

^ This entrj' presents a happy picture of the French were also victors, 
families making their way over the hills in ' Dr. Joseph Huntington, of Coventrj-, 

the pleasant October days to visit their kin- Ct. The work referred to was entitled Ca/- 

dred and friends. vinism Improfed. It was not known that he 

* Mr. Grove Lawrence, his brother-in- had written such a work till after his death 

1.-IW from Paris, X. Y. in 1794. 



22 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1796. 

2^. Wrote a letter to Uncle T. Le I'.aron.' Went and looked over old town 
records. In the afternoon attended town meeting. 

25. Heard the result of the election in Berkshire. There is no choice. 
The contest all to be renewed. 

26. Perhaps I have never in my life had less real business on hand, and 
yet my time, by some means, hangs heavily. 

27. People about verj- much digging wells. A fine time.^ Lent books 
return almost always ill-used. 

28. We had a visit from Gen. Wilson and wife from Sheffield. My brother 
N., I suspect, forming serious connections. 

29. Something rainy. Other nations than -the Romans in a dreadful con- 
dition when they rose. 

30. Mr. Wales preached exceedingly well. A number of singers came and 
sang with Mr. W. 

31. A man in the north part of the town absconded. A general rally to 
look. He is found. 



1. Very cold for the season. Fetched water from the brook' as I have 
every vacation since I went to college. 

2. Attended a public singing meeting. Singing here declines fast. 
Worked a little at highways. 

3. Went to librar}' meting. The library will nm out soon. Finished 
reading Rollin.'' 

4. Went about town on errands. A very healthy time here. 

5. Worked some. Re3.d ^4 ^c 0/ J?mMPi. Part H blasphemous. My salt- 
rheum rages very much. 

6. Mr. Catlin,' of North Marlborough, preached here. Stormy day. Read 
some in Pilgrim' s Progress. 

7. Very cold. Tiying to recollect former events of my life to set down. 
We ha\-e a great deal of company. 

8. ^\'e hear from my father. Worked some. Read Paine. 

9. All signs of rain fail. Attended a funeral at South End. 



' Isaac Le Baron, about two years older ' Dr. Jacob Catlin, of New Marlborough, 

than his mother. Mass., was a somewhat conspicuous divine 

- Because it was so dry. of his day. Born at Harwinton, Ct., he was 

' A living stream of water, fed by many graduated at Yale College in 17S4 and was 

springs, ran through the field, with a strong pastor at Xew Marlborough from 17S7 to his 

current, only a few rods from the house. death in 1S26. He was among the men who 

* RoUin's Ancient History filled an impor- instructed young men in divinity. Norfolk 

tant place in the education of young people and New Marlborough were adjoining 

fifty and one hundred years ago. Rollin was towns, the former being in Connecticut, and 

born in Paris, and died in 1741 at the age of the latter in Massachusetts, about eight miles 

eighty. apart. 



1796.] STILL AT NORFOLK. 23 

10. Moderate weather. Towards night my father arrived from his tour to 
the West, having been about 220 miles.' The drought great and universal. 

11. Read Bishop Watson's" Apology for the Bible. A thorough answer to 
Paine. At even went out. 

12. Things begin to appear rather unfavorable on the side of the French.^ 
When will war cease ! 

13. My father preached. In evening played game of backgammon.'' 

14. Very cold. Considerably rainy. The earth thirsts exceedingly. 
Worked some. 

15. Read part of Belknap's' American Biography. Can do nothing to help 
my salt-rheum. 

16. My father received a letter wishing me to engage in the school at 
Shetfield. 

17. Rode up to Sheffield. Engaged to keep that school for si.xteen dollars 
a month. It appears that Gen. S., of Williamstown, is chosen member of 
Congress.' 

18. Rode home. Dined with Mr. Crossman,' preaching at Canaan. Have 
a bad cold in my head. 

19. Busied in writing of myself years back'. 

20. Attended meeting. Sacrament administered. Rainy. Thin meeting. 

21. Had a coat made. Something sickly in town. Getting ready to go 
away. 

22. Rode trwo miles to see a spring which is not dr}-. It rains consider- 
ably. My father has continued applications to take scholars." 

23. My brother N. carried me up to Sheffield in a w^agon. The paper this 



' He left home Sept. 27, and returned the Bible was meant to be an answer to Paine's 

Nov. 10. His journey only extended to the Age of Reason. He died 1S16, at the age of 

new settlements out in Central New York. seventy-nine. 

" Among the early missionaries appointed ^ After the French victories alre.idy men- 

by the General Association of Connecticut, tioned, came the disastrous battle of Alten 

are found the names of Rev. Moses C. kirchen fought on the 1 6th of September, and 

Welch for 1794, Rev. Messrs. Joshua Knapp, the rumors of that event had probably reached 

David Huntington, Ammi R. Robbins, Lem- these shores. But soon after came victory 

uel Tyler, and Levi Hart for 1795; for 1796 again to the French. 

Rev. Messrs. Robbins, Nott, Lyman, Ely, "- In Connecticut they generally kept Sat- 
Kynne, and Benedict. They were severally urday night and not Sunday, 
employed for periods ranging from four weeks ' Jeremy Belknap, D. D., of Boston, 
to four months. As a specimen of the labor ^ We have already recorded this fact, 
performed by itinerating missionaries at that ' Joseph W. Crossman, a graduate of 
early period of missionary operations in the Brown University in 1795, was pastor at Sal- 
new settlements it may be noted, that Mr. isbury, Ct., from 1796 to his death in 1S12. 
Robbins on his mission of forty days' continu- ^ These schools in the houses of minis- 
ance, preached forty-two sermons, in addition ters, some of them, like this at Norfolk, to 
to his other ministerial labors performed." — fit young men for college, and some for 
Hotchkiss's History of IVestern A'ito York, p. young men who had completed their college 
177. course, and were studying divinity, were a 

- Richard Watson, Bishop of Landaff, a marked feature of New England life a cen- 

man of much rude strength. His Apology for tury ago. 



24 DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l795. 

week brings news of the misfortunes of the French. .Some writing about a 
disruption of our States. 

24. Began my school, had only thirteen scholars. Live at Mr. Hubbard's." 
A good place. 

25. My friend Turner came in to see me from Williamstown. Brought me 
a letter from my friend Davis. Wrote on the Being of a God. Showed to Mr. 
Judson." 

26. Reading Clark on the Being and Attributes of God. In the evening 
read sermons to Mr. and Mrs. Hubbard. 

27. In the afternoon Mr. Judson got out to meeting, the first time since his 
sickness. Extreme cold, the river freezing over. 

28. My school increases. Wrote to my friend Davis. Sent to New York 
for Pres. Edwards's sermon. Sinners in the Hands, etc.^ 

29. Much troubled with the salt-rheum. Something unwell. Read the 
papers. Great danger that we shall soon be involved in the horrors of war 
with the French, on account of our treaties with Great Britain. When will 
wars cease ? When will men love one another ? May God avert impending 
dangers. 

30. Received a letter from home. Sent my Enfield's Philosophy^ to 
Turner to carry to Williamstown. 

December. 

1. The weather continues severe. If winter comes on now, as I much 
fear, without rain, it will be distressing indeed. 

2. Gave an old watch-chain and key to Mr. Fuller,' a minister. The 
North River shutting up. 

3. The weather moderates. In the afternoon went to skating. Read 
some in the Bible almost daily. 

4. Attended meeting. People here appear little affected with their 
grievous sickness. 

5. Wrote a letter home. Afraid I shall not get along in my school with- 
out correction. 

6. In the evening wrote on the attributes of God from the light of nature.' 
In the nisrht it rained some. 



' This was probably Jonathan Hubbard, ' This was the notable sermon preached 

Deacon of the Sheffield Church, and son of by Jonathan Edwards in Enfield, Connecticut, 

Rev. Jonathan Hubbard, the first minister of in 1741. 

Sheffield, settled in 1735. Deacon Jonathan •* \ text-book for schools and colleges 

Hubbard died in 1S25, aged eighty. prepared by Dr. William Enfield, a dissent- 

- Rev. Ephraim Judson was settled in ing minister in England. 

Sheffield in 1791, and continued till his death ' -phis was Rev. Samuel Fuller, a gradu- 

in 1S13. He had been settled twice before, ate of Dartmouth College in 1791. He had 

seven years in Norwich, Ct., and ten years taught school in Sheffield, and studied the- 

in Taunton, Mass. He was a theological ology with Rev. Mr. Judson. He was settled 

teacher, and had students in his family. in the State of New York, and in after years 

Young Robbins commenced his theological became an Episcopalian. He died in 1S47. 

studies under his direction. Mr. Judson was '' These papers which he writes all pass 

a native of Woodbury, Ct., and a graduate probably under the inspection of Rev. Mr. 

of Yale in 1763. Judson. 



I7g6.] TEACHING SCHOOL AT SHEFFIELD. 25 

7. A good deal unwell with an ague in my face. At night took a sweat. 
Troubled with a swelling at my throat. 

8. Cold weather again. Snowed yesterday considerably. Some sleighing. 

9. Am prett}- well suited with keeping school. As yet it is small, averag- 
ing not more than twenty. 

10. In afternoon rode out in a sleigh. Infomied that there has been 
plenty of rain at the westward. Almost all mills stop here. 

11. Ver\' comfortable day. Mr. Judson failed in sermon through indispo- 
sition. Proclamation for thanksgiving.' 

12. My eyes something weak. Wrote on the goodness of God from the 
light of nature. This evening felt willing to be annihilated." 

13. My brother S. here, going up to Stockbridge. 

14. My older brothers came into my school. N. going to Albany. Pretty 
good sleighing. At evening my father came up to Mr. Judson's.^ 

15. Thanksgiving in this State. My father preached. A great many 
people — uncommon for this town. 

16. My little brother* came along back from Stockbridge. At evening 
snowed. 

17. Mv brother came back from Albany. Consulted old Doctor Barnard' 
about my throat. 

18. It snowed very hard. Rode to the meeting-house with Mr. Judson. 
No meeting. 

19. It hailed some. Very cold. Got a horse to ride home. 

20. There have lately been dreadful fires in New York. Baltimore, and 
Savannah. Two thirds of the latter destroyed. 

21. In the afternoon rode home. Was almost overcome with the cold. 

22. Thanksgiving in Connecticut. Extreme cold and stormy. Ver\- agree- 
able at home. 

23. One of the coldest days we ever have. 

24. Traded on my own hook' for the first time. Rode up to Sheffield. 

25. Attended meeting. Comfortable weather. People anxious about a 
President of the U. S. 

26. My school amounts to more than thirty. Aunt Woodbridge' called, 
going to Norfolk. Wrote to Parker at Stockbridge.' 



' The old Thanksgivings in New England ' Not yet o£ legal age, but as he was earn- 

did not fall on fixed days as now, but ranged ing money for himself, he was honored in 

from October to January, though usually in being allowed to spend it for himself. 
November or December. ' As will be remembered her first husband 

' He had probably been e-xercising his was Rev. John Keep, a superior man, who 

mind in a Hopkinsian way. died at Sheffield in 1785, in the thirteenth year 

^ To help Mr. Judson out on Thanksgiv- of his ministry in that town. She afterwards 

ing Day. married Hon. Jahleel Woodbridge, of Stock- 

* Young Robbins, as before mentioned, bridge, and was now again a widow. In 

had three brothers younger than himself, stopping at Sheffield she was back again at 

James Watson, Samuel, and Francis Le her old home, and in the midst of many 

Baron. friends. 

5 Dr. Lemuel Barnard, a native of Deer- * Joseph Parker was his classmate at Yale 

field, and a graduate of Yale in 1759. College. 



26 



DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l796- 



27. The snow ver)- deep in the new countries North and West. 

28. At evening walked out. Wrote on the perfect goodness of God. 

29. Considerably unwell. Headache. Very good sleighing. 

30. Forgot to write on the 23d that a piece of an apple-core came out of 
the swelling under my throat. It caught on the inside, the 15th of October, 
and has now come out." Snowed considerably. 

31. Talked seriously to my school. Thus another revolving year has 
rolled over. My conduct poorly bears the test of a scrutinizing conscience. 
May I not live another year in such a thoughtless and inconsiderate manner. 



' He swallowed a pin some months since, but as we have heard nothing more, probably 
no harm came o£ it 






1. Attended meeting. Have no heart to begin a year in a suitable man- 
ner. May I live another year and do something for the gIor>- of him to whom 
only it belongs. 

2. Am unable to study much evenings. Pretty- tired. 

3. Traded some at the merchant's. My sister B. came down from Paris." 

4. Verj' cold. Poor fires at school. 

5. Few signs of peace in Europe, although an English ambassador has 
gone to Paris. 

6. Ver\- warm and pleasant. At even conversed seriously with Mr. 
Judson. 

7. Agreed for a pair of boots. Read Newton on the Prophecies.'' 

8. Extreme cold. Thought to be the coldest we have had. 

9. My sister S. called, going up to Stockbridge with Aunt Woodbridge.' 

10. It appears that John Adams* is chosen President of the United States ; 
and Thomas Jefferson Vice-President. 

11. Stormy. Wrote on the Divinity of the Scriptures. 

12. Refused to take my boots.^ 

13. One of the children that has come to school steadily till yesterday, now 
sleeps in death. Difficulty in the head ; some supposed being hurt in play. 

14. Received a letter from my classmate Parker at Stockbridge. Set out 
to ?o home ; returned by reason of storm. Attended the funeral. 

15. Moderate weather. We hope for a thaw. 

16. Wrote an inscription for a gravestone for Mr. Hubbard's' two chil- 
dren that died last summer. 

17. Rode up to Stockbridge in a sleigh with Mr. Hubbard. 

18. Came back; snowed some. 



' This -was Elizabeth (Betsey) Robbins, on her way to Norfolk. After a stay of 

Mrs. Lawrence, before mentioned, who was thirteen days she is now returning home, 

livin" at Paris, Oneida Count)-, New York. with Sarah Robbins as traveling companion. 

She was seven years older than her brother ■• This was a warmly contested election, 

Thomas. ^^'^ ^^'^- Adams was elected by a small ma- 

' Bishop Thomas Newton, an eminent jority, 71 electoral votes out of 140. 
English divme. He was born at Litchfield, -" Dr. Robbins was always nice in his 
Eng., in 1704, was Bishop of Bristol, and dress, and was particular to have the ex- 
died 'in 1782. He edited editions of Milton's .act articles which he had bargained for. 
Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained. His This was the age of top-boots. 
Dissertations on the Prophecies was his chief *■ This was probably Mr. Jonathan Hub- 
^.Qj]^ bard, where he was boarding, though there 

3 It may be remembered that " Aunt were other families of the name in Shef- 

Woodbridge" called at Sheffield, Dec. 26, field. 

27 



28 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBEINS, D.D. [l797- 

ig. My school will a\erage at more than forty.' 

20. Tr)'ing to get a horse to ride home. DifSculty. 

21. Received a letter from Davis, Parker, and one from my classmate 
Romeyn.' Scholars come home from Williamstown.' Rode home.' 

22. Had an agreeable visit with my sister B. at home. 

23. My father disclosed to me a difficulty he has which is truly alarming.' 
May God have mercy. He rode up to Shetlield with me. 

24. In the evening went to see wax work. 

25. Declined going to a ball, though urged.' 

26. Much taken up with my school e\enings as well as days. 

27. Quite thawy weather, which is the first we have had since about the 
middle of December. 

28. Began to make a double cone to roll.' 

29. Mr. Judson verj' feeble. Very warm. 

30. Cold and tedious weather. 

31. It snows. Mr. Lawrence and my sister stayed here going up to Paris.' 



Apt to have little wood at the school-house. 
Had people in to see the school. 

3. Heard from home ; my father no poorer. 

4. My children learn the catechism pretty well.' 

5. Felt serious at meeting. How little religion there is in the world. 

6. Frequent changes in the weather. Sleighing mostly gone. 

7. Things look unfavorably respecting the French towards us. 
Received a letter from my classmate Noble at Williamstown. 
Unwell, at night hard sick. Rainy weather. 
Had my boots footed. Feel rather better. 
Traded some. Some prospect of a great embargo. 
Went to meeting in a wagon. Heard Mr. Grossman." 
Snowed a little. People are much disappointed about moving. 



' A very gratifying gain, since November cone for the Sophomores at Williams Col- 

24th, when he began with thirteen. lege. He is now making a double cone for 

" The name stands on the college cata- his school, 
logue, Romeyn, but pronounced Roma)Tie. ' Mr. Grove Lawrence was a native of 

' The winter vacation at the college had Norfolk, a son of Capt. LanTence who had 

come. the lawsuit with Mr. Phelps. He lived at 

■* It was Saturday, and he was going home Paris, Oneida Co., New York. They were 

simply to spend the Sabbath, and see his making the journey back to Paris some sev- 

sister Elizabeth. enty miles from Norfolk. 

' As his father lived yet sixteen years « It was the old custom in New England, 

after this, dying in 1813, his trouble did not for scholars in school to repeat the Assem- 

prove immediately dangerous, though very bly's Catechism at the close of school Satur- 

painfnl and trying. day. It will be noticed that it is on Saturday 

' Evidently balls were of far more com- that this entry is made. 
mon occurrence than now. '" Rev. Joseph W. Grossman, pastor at 

'" It uill be remembered that he made a Salisburv, Ct. 



1797.] TEACHING AT SHEFFIELD. 29 

14. The French have had a battle in Italy, which lasted eight days. Suc- 
cessful." 

15. Attended a public exhibition of a school in the meeting-house." 

16. Wrote letters to my classmates Noble and Davis' at Williamstown. 

17. Wrote to Parker at Stockbridge. On the 13th received a letter from 
home. 

18. Received an excellent and very affectionate letter from my dear Uncle 
Robbins.* 

19. Mr. Judson preached on man. Wrote on the Divinity of the Bible. 

20. Cold, raining weather. Wrote a letter to Uncle Robbins. 

21. At evening walked down to Esq. Lee's.' First men here gamble.' 

22. The prospect of peace in Europe brightens. Danger of difficult}- on 
the Susquehanna about titles. 

23. Talked with Mr. Judson on the Prophecies. 

24. On the 2ist bought Bishop Watson's' Apology. Considerably unwell. 

25. Rode home. Saw boys playing ball. My father's difficult}' much the 
same. 

26. Chilly weather. No sleighing. 

27. Traded some. Talked considerably on the important work of the 
ministr}-. 

28. Rode up to Sheffield. Prett}- cold. 



Much engaged in writing a dialogue.' 
The boys play ball smartly. 

3. ^^■arm weather. Something unwell. 

4. My classmate Parker at Stockbridge has gone to Canada. 

5. Ver}' windy indeed. 

6. Very cold. School grows thin. 

7. No school on account of wood. Wrote all day. 
Finished my dialogue. We are in some danger of war.' 
The bovs feel much engaged to learn the dialogoie. 



' During the Italian campaign in the clos- and Daniel Noble's home was at Williams- 

ing months of 1796, and early part of 1797, town. 

Xapoleon went on from victorj' to victon,-. ■* Chandler Robbins, D. D., of PhTnouth, 

There was nowhere, however, a single bat- who was seriously out o£ health, 

tie lasting eight days, but rather a rapid ' Elisha Lee, Esq., a lawyer, and also the 

succession of battles in which he was vie- first postmaster of the town of Sheffield, 

torious. He was a graduate of Yale College, in the 

^ In the olden New England days, the class of 1777. 

meeting-house was apt to be the only large * Another proof of the low state of morals 

public building in town, and was used for at the close of the last century. 

town meetings, school exhibitions, etc. ' Richard Watson, Bishop of Landaff. 

' Henry Davis had gone from his school ° For his scholars to speak. 

in Stockbridge, to be tutor at Williams, ' With France. 



30 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROEGIN'S, D.D. [l797- 

10. My sister S. came here from Stockbridge. Received a letter from Mr. 
J. Woodbridge.' A great call for candidates. 

11. Snows some. My sister concludes to stay over the Sabbath. Read 
my dialogue to Mr. Judson and others. Liked. 

12. Sacrament administered. At evening went with my sister to Sally 
Hubbard's. 

13. My brother S." came up, and my sister went home. Talk here about 
destroying the mill pond.^ 

14. Wrote to Davis* at Williams. Prospect of peace in Europe grows dark. 

15. One of the principal actors in my dialogue fails, non 7-9/0. Therefore it 
must fall tlirough. At evening walked out. 

16. Went to board at Moses Hubbard's. Very muddy. 

17. Received a letter from Davis. Judson' returned from Williamstown. 

18. Serious thoughts have little place in my heart. Oh, for grace. 
ig. Heard Mr. Catlin, of North Marlborough. 

20. Received an excellent letter from Uncle Robbins. Drank tea at Gen. 
Fellows's.* 

21. The prospect of peace in Europe is entirely vanished. Lord save us 
from the horrors of war. A little black boy of about four 3'ears, came into 
school and asked me what was the matter of my thumb, as there was a rag on 
it. I told him I cut it. Said he how ? I told him. Said he, if I had some 
plaster I would give you some to put on it. He appears to act from the 
pure dictates of nature, without the least cultivation. If in any one, I think 
we can see nature in him. Is there not then in human nature a principle of 
benevolence.' 

22. Think of going to Williamstown next week. Very muddy. 

23. Very rainy. It seems that there will be rain enough to supply the 
deficiency of last fall. 

24. Settled with Mr. Stanley. Owed him £2 los. The river very high. 

25. Three of the children said all the catechism. ° Dismissed my school.' 
Settled my affairs. Cold weather. 

26. Verj' pleasant weather. Pretty full meeting. Fixing to go home. 

27. So rainy I did not go home. In the afternoon with Judson sailed on 
the meadow in a canoe. 



' Probably Jonathan Woodbridge, son of officer, born in Pomfret, Ct., 1733, served in 

Hon. Jahleel Woodbridge. Hisfather's death the French War. Led a regiment to Boston, 

occurred the year before. He was, later in on the breaking out of the Revolution. After 

life, known as Gen. John Woodbridge. the war he took up his residence at Sheffield, 

- Samuel Robbins, then thirteen years old. and was high sheriff of Berkshire County. 

' This was the mill pond which caused the ' Rather a daring question for a young 

great sickness of the year before. divinity student to ask in 1797, but it can now 

" Henry Davis, who took the school at be answered in the affirmative. 

Stockbridge, was, as before stated, called ° Almost every school in those times 

away to be tutor at Williams College. would furnish a few scholars who could .ac- 

-' This was Ephraim Judson, Jr., then in complish the feat of saying the wliole cate- 

the Senior class. chism through. 

' Gen. John Fellows, a Revolutionary ' Vacation. 



1 797-] -*T HOME AT NORFOLK. 3 1 

28. Mr. Hubbard carried me home in a wagon. Water verj^ high. Cold. 

29. A limner at our house had taken my father, and mother, and sister S. 
Last week read the speeches of Mr. Adams and Mr. Jefferson at their inaugura- 
tion.' The Empress of Russia," who lately died, for a number of years has been 
in such dread of death that she would never let any instances which happened in 
the court be told her. And she even prohibited funerals to be attended in 
Petersburg in the day time. But by an apoplectic shock she died in twenty- 
four hours after she was taken. 

30. Read Bicheno ^ on the signs of the times. Settled with Betts. 

31. Sent money to my brother N. ; fifteen dollars. O, for grace to enter 
on the important work of the ministry. 



1. Went to the sap-works with my brother J.* Agreed to go to Williams- 
town next week. 

2. A proclamation for a fast. Difficulties in my father's church. 

3. Agreed not to go to Williamstown at present. Mr. Grossman here 
today. Has a call at Salisburj- ; ^^^'200 settlement, and £\2<:> salar\-.' 

4. In the afternoon attended the concert of prayer: pretty full and 
serious. Afterwards a church meeting. Warm weather. 

5. Ven.- hot for the season. Worked hard yesterday and today at the 
spinning mill. I fear that my brother N. will give us all trouble with a con- 
nection. Saw a man sowing. 

6. War appears inevitable. Think of going to Williamstown tomorrow. 
Bonaparte,' the French general in Italy, has gained a great battle over the 
Austrians. Taken 23,000 prisoners, and killed 6,000 men. This was about 
the middle of Januarj'. The French army in Italy under him has in sLx 
months taken 100,000 prisoners, 400 pieces of cannon, no stands of colors, 
and destroyed five armies of the Emperor. 

7. Set out for Williamstown. Went no farther than Shefliield on account 
of rain. 

8. The President of the United States, Mr. Adams, has issued a procla- 
mation to convene Congress.' Went on to Stockbridge. Rainv. 



' These speeches were made on the 4th of ' James Watson Robbins, fifteen years old. 

March, and it is now the 29th. ' The ordinary form of settling a minister 

^ Catherine II, haught\' and cruel, though at that time. The ;if 200 was to provide a 
powerful as a sovereign. .She was born at house and lands, and the other was for the 
Stettin, May 2, 1729, and died at St. Peters- yearly support. This was a bargain expected 
burg, Mov. T7, 1796. Her death, therefore, to last for life, and ordinarily it did so con- 
occurred only a few months before this was tinue. 
written. *■ Bonaparte's victorious progress was as 

^ J. Bicheno, an English ^vriter, author of keenly watched on this side the water, as in 

several popular works. His book on the Europe. 

Signs of the Times was republished in this ' That is, for a special session. Questions 

country, at Providence, R. I., in 1795, and at growing out of the European wars were dis- 

Springfield in 1796. turbing this country. 



32 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1797- 

9. Dr. West' preached on Charity. A missionary society- ° is established 
in New York to propagate the gospel among the heathen. There is one of 
the same kind in London. May they do good. 

10. Talked with Dr. Sergeant' about my father's difficulty. Went on to 
Williamstown. Glad to see my friends there. 

11. Walked about to see old acquaintances. A universal scarcity of hay. 

12. Was with my old friend Davis considerably. Also my classmate 
Noble. 

13. On the whole a very good visit. 

14. Fast in Connecticut. A number of scholars in the small-pox. They 
are much engaged in building at Williams College. The meeting-house and 
some houses are to be built this summer. Came down to Stockbridge. 

15. A universal scarcity of money. Very warm. My horse failed. Got 
home. 

16. Mr. Pinckney/ our ambassador at Paris, is not received. The wonder 
of antichrist is likely near an end. 

17. Read Edwards's Miscellanies? At evening saw a comedy acted. 

18. Mantua is in the hands of the French. American vessels taken by the 
French. Great stores found in Mantua. 

19. Reading Pres. Edwards's Miscellanies. 

20. In afternoon worked with my brother N. mending fence. 

21. Took a catalogue of the scholars that my father has ever had. They 
amount to one hundred.' 

22. Warm. Worked at the garden getting sand. My father went to 
change with Mr. Grossman.' 

23. Heard Mr. C. preach. Read a letter in public to the church. A 
thief came to the house last night, but dare not come in on account of the 
dog, etc. 

24. Play ball some. The spring as yet rather backward. 

25. My father went to Sandisiield to a council and dedication. Set out 
some trees. 

26. Attend to my father's scholars. Finished Edwards's Miscellanies. 

27. A vety growing season. Read some in Bible. 



' Dr. Stephen West, of whom we shall French Directors caused the rejection of our 

hear more as we pass on. conciliatory propositions and the order to 

^ The society thus established was in Pinckney to quit the French territory." — 

Northern New York, and was especially for Drake's Diet, of Am. Biography, p. 720. 

work among the Indians of this continent. ^ Edwards's Miseellaneous Observations on 

3 Erastus Sergeant, M. D., son of Rev. Important Theological Subjects, was published 

John Sergeant. An honored physician. Young in Edinburgh in 1793, ^"^ another work with 

Robbins consulted him about his father's the same essential title in 1796. 

physical ailment. Dr. Sergeant had been * His father had then been settled in Nor- 

then in practice about thirty years. folk thirty-si.x years. 

■•Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, born at ' Joseph W. Grossman, already mentioned. 

Charleston, S. C, Feb. 25, 1746. He had accepted his call to Salisbury, Ct., 

"Appointed in July, 1796, minister pleni- and was preaching there, but was not or- 

potentiary to France. The hostility of the dained until June of that same year. 



1797-] AT HOME AT NORFOLK. 25 

28. My father returned. They have dismissed Mr. Storrs' from Sandis- 
field. Worked considerably. 

2g. Worked hard all day getting water on the mowing. Very tired. 

I^o. Cold and rainy. Feel ver)' cold and stupid in things of infinite im- 
portance. Received a letter from Davis. Yesterday wrote a letter to my 
classmate Romeyn" at Schenectady. 



1. Training day. In afternoon walked out with my sister. My brother 
went after shad.^ Rainy. 

2. Wrote a letter to my friend E. Watson* at New York. Bonaparte has 
made peace with the Pope. A prospect of a bloody campaign. 

3. Read some sermons. The world coming either to Christianity or infi- 
delity, sects being laid aside. 

4. It rains very frequentl}'. The deficiencies of nature in one season are 
supplied in another. 

5. Worked considerably at the water, garden, etc. Cold. Yesterday went 
to see if I could live with Dr. Edwards' this summer. He was not at home ; 
but his wife' said she could not take boarders. 

6. Wrote a letter to Davis. Set out trees. 

7. Sacrament administered. Beholding' the ordinance was deeply im- 
pressed with the idea that I should be shut out in a similar manner at the 
Great Day. 

8. My father set out for Stockbridge to be doctored by Dr. Sergeant on 
account of his ditificulty.' Ministers going to election.' 



' Rev. Eleazar Storrs, a native of Mans- James Watson, spoken of in connection with 

field. Ct., and a graduate of Yale in the class his visit to New York the previous year, 
of 1762. ' The younger Edwards, Dr. Jonathan Ed- 

" He was ordained pastor of this church wards, left his pastorate in New Haven, Ct., 

and people Feb. 26, 1766. He was a popular in 1795, and in 1796 was settled in Colebrook, 

preacher, and retained the affections of his Ct. There it was that young Robbins went 

people until the unhappy Shays's insurrec- to see him in the hope of studying theology 

tion. At that time, from his measures in with him. 

fa%'or of government, a considerable number 'This was Dr. Edwards's second wife, Miss 
were offended and left his ministry. He, how- Mercy Sabin, daughter of Mr. Hezekiah Sa- 
ever, continued his pastoral relations till, in bin, of New Haven. She seemed to be will- 
consequence of ill health, he was dismissed, ing to take the responsibility of answering 
April 26, 1797." — Hist, of the County of Berk- young Robbins's question. His first wife was 
shire, p. 301. . Miss Mary Porter, of Hadley, Mass., who 

^ This was Thomas Romeyn, as Benjamin was drowned in 1792. 
died in 1796. ' He had not yet made a public profession 

' It was an important matter of business of religion, 
every spring in the olden time, for families to ' It will be remembered that, about a 

lay in their store of shad for the year's use. month before, young Robbins consulted Dr. 

The shad in the Connecticut river in those Sergeant about his father, 
years were abundant and of most excellent 1 Election that year was at Hartford, and 

quality. the election sermon was preached, May 11 

' This was probably the nephew of Mr. by Rev. Isaac Lewis, of Greenwich. 



34 



DIARY OF RF.V. THOMAS ROBEINS, D.D. [l797- 



9. Read the Bible. We hope war may be avoided. 

10. Have some thoughts of making a whirHng table, ^^■ork at the water 
almost daily. 

11. My brother N. gone to Kent. My father sent down for mamma. 

12. Very good weather. Rode to Sheffield with mamma, and saw trees 
in the blow. 

13. Read in the volume of collected sermons just published. 

14. Thin meetings without a minister. Read in public both parts of the 

day.' 

iv Take a good deal of pleasure with the water." Read sermons. At 
even walked out. 

16. 'I'here is an account that our differences with France are settled. 
Fear it is not true. 

17. At even heard the school children speak pieces. 

18. Received a letter from my father. He is low, but gaining. Scholars 
along from Williams College.' 

19. Rode to the south part of the town, and attended a conference. Prayed. 

20. Rode to Canaan in quest of a letter from New York, which is lost be- 
tween here and Salisbury.* The weather this week has been every day alter- 
nately fair and rainy. 

21. Very warm. Read all day in public.-' Read the volume of collected 
sermons last week. Thunder. 

22. My brother J.' went after my father. Received an e.xcellent letter 
from my friend, E. W.,' New York. Copied a will. 

23. Had a tooth e.\tracted. No confirmation that our affairs are settled 
with France. It appears that the President of the United States means to 
send another envoy. 

24. Jerome,' a Junior in Williams College, came to see me. My father 
returned. Laus Deo, considerably well. 

25. The fullest blow for fruit ever known in the memory of any. 

26. Did but little. Scholars to see us. Wann weather, but a backward 
spring. 

27. Wrote in my diary of my younger years. 

28. Pretty full meeting. Read some in the Theological Magazine. 

29. Very- cold for the season. 



' His father being absent he read sermons center- of Salisbury, the distance is about ten 

before the congregation both forenoon and miles, 
.ifternoon. ' Sunday, and his father being still sick 

- A brook ran near his home, and he was and absent, he again reads sermons before 

prob.ably engaged in irrigating the mowing the congregation, 
lands. *■ James Watson RoI)bins. 

^ Going home for the spring vacation. ' E. Watson, before noticed. 

■* Canaan adjoined Norfolk, and Salis- * Amasa Jerome, a native of Stockbridge, 

bury was between Canaan and the New graduate of Williams in 179S, and afterward.s a 

York line. From the center of Norfolk to man of inriuence and character in the ministry. 



I797-] AT HOME AT NORFOLK. 



35 



30. Rode to the south part of the town with Aunt Woodbrklge. Went a 
fishing ; caught none. 

31. The family of the Mills's,' formerly at Simsbury, was fourteen children. 
All lived to be married at once. Parents living. 

June. 

1. All sat round fires. The scholars came down from the chamber, and 
got wood for a fire." 

2. A little frost this morning. Quite sick witii the ague in my face. Had 
some young ladies here from Kent.^ 

3. The coldest May, and the most backward spring known for many 
years. Things are just coming up in gardens, etc. Warm. 

4. Yesterday the assembly arose.* Our legislature finds little business. 

5. A little riding in the morning. Went to Warren from Goshen with 
Aunt Woodbridge.' Gave cousin Peter^ a little piece on the dead languages. 

6. Very warm and pleasant. Rode to my brothers at Canaan.' Con- 
versed with Esther dc trlnis privafis. 

7. Came home. The President of the United States has sent two envoys 
to France to accommodate our differences. The unrivaled Bonaparte has de- 
feated the hitherto successful general Archduke Charles in Italy. He has killed 
and taken about 20,000 men. The French have also been successful on the 
Rhine. It is supposed that Germany can hold out no longer, and this will be 
a prelude of a happy peace.' 

8. Mr. J. Watson from New York was here. Been proving cannon at 
Salisbuiy. Very kind to invite me to his house, etc. 

g. Fine weather. Read Bible, etc. A steeple raised at Torrington. 

10. Excessive hot. Hurt myself in work at the water. 

11. Rained last night. At even went to see a young man with a broken 
leg. 

12. Traded some. Very hot weather. Visited Mr. Darley. 

13. Rode to Winchester with my father to association. Dr. Edwards' 
preached. At night rained a great deal. 

14. There seems to be a direct account of peace between France and 
Germany. May it be true. 

15. Wrote a letter to ]\Iiss Esther Robbins.'° Feel some unwell. So hot. 



■ This was Rev. Gideon Mills, who died in folk, and from Goshen to Warren was about 

1772. ten or twelve miles. 

- This was for the school-room up stairs. ' Peter Starr, son of Rev. Peter Starr, was 

' Kent was about twenty miles south of then a Junior in Williams College. 

Norfolk, bordering on New York. " He went home by Canaan. 

* The assembly was convened on Wed- ' A continuation of successes in his Italian 

nesday, May 10, so the session had lasted campaign, 

about three weeks. ' Rev. Jonathan Edwards, D. D., settled 

' His Aunt Woodbridge was going to War- the year before at Colebrook. 

ren, probably, to visit her sister, Mrs. .Starr, '" Miss Esther Robbins, of Canaan, with 

and young Robbins attended her thither. whom on June 6th he liad talked <it- rcbu. 

Goshen was the next town south from Nor- privatis. 



36 niARY OF REV. THOMAS RORBINS, D.D. [l797- 

16. Helped my little brothers make a trough. From the 3d of June till 
today it has been very hot weather. Cool. Attended a funeral. 

17. Last Saturday a man was executed at Hartford. 

18. Mr. Catlin,' of North Marlborough, preached here. At even an 
unusual light. 

19. Rainy. White-washed in the house considerably. At even walked out. 

20. Dr. West and lady' came at noon. Rode to North Marlborough and 
attended the association. 

21. Hot. Rode home. Considerable contention in Congress. People 
not yet done first hoeing. 

22. Set out for Stockbridge to study with Dr. West.' My brotherbrought 
me to Sheffield. 

23. Came to Stockbridge in the stage ver}- early. Received kindly. 
Rainy. Yesterday destroyed a letter which I received April 11, 1796.'' 

24. Cool weather. Reading Fuller's letters.' O, that I may be prospered 
in my important studies, and may I know my own heart. Dr. W. ver)- strict 
in observing holy time. 

25. Afternoon rained hard while at meeting. Serious. Fears of a false 
hope. 

26. Finished Fuller's letters. Mrs. Sedgwick and her daughters' here on 
a visit. 

27. Reading Pres. Edwards's Inquiry: Warm weather and thunder 
daily. 

28. Suppose there is an ordination at Salisburj- today.' Sleep with my 
window open constantly. 

29. Read a portion of the Scriptures ever)' day. At evening Mr. Swift 
came here from Williamstown. New college going on well. 

30. Ver)' warm weather steadily. Great preparation for independence all 
about. Finished Edwards's Inquiry. Wrote home. 



' Dr. Jacob Catlin. commonplace entry, is the following R . . 

° Dr. Stephen West, of Stockbridge. Dr. e . . . i Let him who can, guess 

West's first wife, with whom he was then the riddle. 

living, was Miss Elizabeth Williams, daugh- ' Rev. Andrew Fuller, a distinguished Bap- 

ter of Col. Ephraim Williams. She died in tist divine of England, who in the closing 

1S04. His second wife was Miss Eleanor years of the last century and the early years 

Dewey, daughter of Mr. Daniel Dewey, of of the present, was very conspicuous as an 

Sheffield. evangelical worker, thinker, and writer. 

3 Rev. Stephen West, D. D., a native of <■ Wife and daughters of Hon. Theodore 

Tolland, Ct., and a graduate of Yale, 1755, Sedgwick, who, at that time, was a member 

was a theological teacher of acknowledged of the United States Senate, 

ability. He came to Stockbridge as sue- ' This was Edwards's great work on the 

cessor to Jonathan Edwards', in the work of fra'i/om of tlie Will. 

Christianizing the Housatonic Indians, and ' Rev. Joseph W. Grossman was ordained 

was pastor of Stockbridge church from 1759 and set over the church in Salisbury June 

to '770- 2Sth, 1797, as we find by the church records 

■■Under date of .■\pril 11, 1796, after a of Salisburv. 



1 797-] STUDVIXG THEOLOGY WITH DR. WEST. 37 

July. 

1. Wrote some. Reading Dr. West's Essay on Moral Agency} Walked 
down to see my classmate Mason studying law in town. 

2. An amiable young woman admitted into the church. Dr. West very 
strict in many principles. 

3. Wrote to Davis, and to my classmate Noble at Williamstown. 

4. A serious mutiny in the British fleet. Ireland almost in a state of 
insurrection. Attended the concert of prayer. 

5. Much unwell. Headache. Studied too hard. A ven,- growing season. 

6. Finished West on Agency. Had a ticket for a ball." Walked down to 
Mr. Bidwell's. 

7. Wrote on the Divinity of the Scriptures. People begin to mow. 

8. Peace between France and Germany almost certain. The character 
of Bonaparte rises fast. 

9. In the morning ver)- rainy. Connecticut about forming a missionary 
society.^ 

10. Wrote to Uncle Robbins. Read Hume's essay on Miracles. Wrote 
on the Moral State of Adam before the Fall.' 

11. Read Campbell's' answer to Hume. Drank tea at Mr. Sedgwick's. 

12. Wrote on the Moral State of Man Now. Extremely hot. Fine hay 
weather. 

13. Read Home's letters on Missions. A conspiracy discovered. Blount/ 
a senator in Congress, had a considerable hand in it. 

14. Mr. Sedgwick and Gen. Skinner' came home from Congress. After- 
noon walked out. 

15. Reading Dr. Taylor on Original Sin. A hard thunder-shower. 

16. Afraid I am resting my eternal welfare on a false hope. O m.iy I 
know my own heart. 



' Dr. Stephen West's Essay on Moral were prepared to be read before Dr. West, 

Agiiicy was first published in 1772, and re- as a part of his theological training, 

published with an Appendi.\ in 1794. It was ' Rev. George Campbell, D. D., Professor 

a work that attracted considerable attention of Church History in St. Andrew's University, 

among the theologians of that day. Dr. Scotland. Hume, the author of the work on 

West conferred much with Dr. Joseph Bel- Miracles, which Dr. Campbell answered, was 

lamy, of Bethlehem, Ct., Dr. Samuel Hopkins, the well-known English historian and skepti- 

o£ Newport, R. I., and Dr. Jonathan Edwards, c^l writer, 

then of Colebrook. 'William Blount. "In 1796, he was 

- We do not learn whether he attended chosen president of the convention in Ten- 

the ball, but from what has already passed, nessee. He was afterwards elected by that 

we may conclude that balls were regarded as State to a seat in the United States Senate, 

H;(M(;«<-t-j rather than otherwise. but was expelled in July, 1797, for having 

^ The Connecticut Missionary Society was instigated the Creeks and Cherokees to as- 

not fairly organized until the following year, sist the British in conquering the Spanish 

1798. territories near the United States." 

■* These papers, the one before mentioned ' Mr. Sedgwick, Senator, and Gen. Skin- 
on the Divinity of the Scriptures, and this on ner, of W'illi.imstown, member of the House 
the Moral Character of Adam before the Fall, of Representatives. 



38 niARV OF RF.V. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l797- 

17. Wrote letters to my father and my sister S. Lyon, in Congress, from 
Vermont, ridiculed extremely. 

18. Reading Edwards's answer to Dr. Taylor.' Steadily fine weather. 

19. Had an invitation to go to Marjland as a Latin instructor in a gentle- 
man's family. Received a letter from home. 

20. Am troubled to keep my attention well fi.xed when reading. A great 
many cherries. 

2:. Rode up to Lenox to see my cousin Goodwin." At night slept very 
poorly on a featlier-bed. 

22. Rode back. Wrote on the question concerning Original Sin. 

23. Read in Dr. Hunter's' Biography. Showery and cooler. 

24. Reading Edwards's Last End of Creation.^ The French annoy our 
vessels ver\- much. 

25. ^\'rote to my cousin Starr at Williams College. Lodged at Aunt 
Woodbridge's. 

26. Wrote to my friend, E. R. M'atson, of New York. " There is a founda- 
tion laid in nature for kind affections between the sexes that are truly diverse 
from all inclinations to sensitive pleasure, and don't properly arise from any 
such inclination." — Ediuards' s Nature of True Virtue, Chap. VI. 

27. Wrote to my father. Rainy weather. Things appear more fa\orable 
at France. Peace is made with Gennany. 

28. Complaint that wheat is much blasted. Bad weather for hay and 
grain. 

29. Wrote on the Necessity of Atonement. Received a letter from Starr. 

30. Recei\ed a letter from my classmate Noble. Comfortable weather. 
Dr. \\'est preached verj- close. Read Miss Anthony's life.' 

31. \A'rote on the Necessity of Regeneration. Some prospect of a general 
peace. Montesquieu the most comprehensive and piercing genius of his age. 

August. 

1. Wrote a letter to Davis. People in the heat of harvest. Generally in 
the country good. 

2. Reading Dr. West on the Atonement.' Heard from \\'iniamstown. 

3. Wrote on the Nature of Atonement. Cloudy and dry weather. 

4. England in a most deplorable state. Near thirty sail of their fleet 
have mutinied. Things look ver)' dark. If God's time has come to destroy 
that wicked nation thev will fall. 



' Dr. John Taylor, a distinguished dis- 5 Miss Susanna Anthony, a Quaker lady, 

senting minister of England, who wrote and distinguished for her pietv and goodness, 
published a treatise on Orignml Su,. Dr. Samuel Hopkins had just published her 

' ■1°*?'''.' Goodwm, before noticed. memoirs, and large e.xtracts from her writings. 

1796. 



^ Probably this was Dr. Jolm Hunter, of The first issue was in Worcester, Mass., 



Scotland 



Two editions were afterwards published at 
Hartford, Ct., the first in 1799. 
. _ _ ' Dr. West's Essay on the Scripture Doc- 

m the spring of 1755. /„-^ „jr^;„ Ato.u-mcut was published in 1785. 



* Edwards's Last End of Creation, and Xa- Hartford, Ct., the first in 1799. 
turc of True Virt.u; were published together " Dr. West's Essay on the Scripture Doc- 



[797-] STUDYIXG THEOLOGY WITH DR. WEST. 



39 



5. Reading West on the Resurrection. Rainy. Received an exxcllcnt 
letter from Uncle Robbins. A large account in it from England of the mis- 
sionan- society there. 

6. Last night a very hard shower. 

7. Wrote on the Cause and Nature of Regeneration. 

8. Received a letter from home. Concluded not to go to Marj-land." 
Very rainy. 

g. A dreadful fire at Albany. Eighty-two dwelling-houses, one hundred 
and sLxteen stores and out-houses consumed. 

10. Wrote home. Reading view of religions. Mr. Fox' has delivered a 
remarkable speech in Parliament on reform. 

11. A delirious man in town has killed himself. Thus twenty years have 
rolled over my head. 

12. A great prospect of a general peace. Had my name printed for 
books.' Wrote on Promises to the Unregenerate. 

13. By Dr. W.'s sermon I trust I was brought in some measure to see the 
wickedness of my heart. 

14. Read Dr. Hopkins* on True Holiness. Wrote on the same subject. 
Verj- cool weather for the season. 

15. Wrote letters to Xoble and my cousin Starr at Williamstown. 

16. Wrote on the Ground of the Sinner's Justification. I am amazingly 
stupid. 

17. Read in Dr. Hopkins's System.^ Good weather. People haying yet. 

18. Discontents in Ireland increase. Affairs in France assume a new 
face. Venice in a verj' bad situation. 

19. Wrote on the Difference between Justification by Faith and by Works. 

20. Very close preaching. Rainy. Read forty-sLxth chapter of Isaiah. 
Prophecy perhaps accomplished in the present war [in Europe]. 

21. Received a letter from my friend, E. Watson, and a good one from 
Davis. A mayor of a city in the south of Ireland writing to the English gov- 
ernment, gives an alarming account of things there. He concludes : " At the 
moment I am writing, for my personal safet)', I carr}' a pistol in eat/i hand, 
and a sword in the other."'' 

22. Wrote a letter to Uncle Robbins. Wrote on Election. 

23. Wrote a letter to Miller,' a student at Williams College. Reading 
Edwards's Remarks. Negotiation opened between France and England. 

24. An account that the mutiny in England is subsiding. 



' He had, as before mentioned, received ^ This System was published in two vol- 

an application from Maryland to go there as umes in 1793- 

a teacher. ' An excellent Irish bull. 

^ Charles James Fox, the eloquent English ' Joseph Miller, a graduate of Williams 

orator and statesman. College in 1799. He was a native of Tor- 

' That is, as we understand it, printed to rington, Ct., and afterwards became a promi- 

be pasted into his books. nent lawyer in Litchfield County, Ct., remov- 

■• Dr. Samuel Hopkins, of Newport, R. I. ing in his later life to Richland, Mich. 



4° 



PIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l797' 



25. Wrote largely on the Doctrine of Decrees. Rainy almost every day. 
My brother came after me. 

26. Rode home in a wagon. Unwelcome news from my sister B.' 

27. Vcr)- full meeting. Seven persons taken into the church. May God 
make additions of such as shall be saved. 

28. Putting my name on books, etc. A neighbor invented a machine to 
bore logs by water. Cool. 

29. At evening young Dr. Perkins^ came here and gave my father a pair 
of metallic points. 

30. My father sowing. Reading Scott's^ Vindication. 

31. Writing. The prospect of peace in Europe increases. 

Sei-tembkr. 

1. Very hot. Visited old Mr. Darley. Preparing for my journey. 

2. My father set out for Williamstown. Worked some. 

3. Mr. Avery/ of Tyringham, preached here. Fine weather. 

4. Set out for Williamstown w^ith my sister Sally.' Came to Esq. 
Walker's' and lodged. There was a festival on the i6th of August in Boston, 
in honor of President Adams/ the most extravagant ever known in the Iniiled 
States. 

5. Arrived at Williamstown. My father's two scholars admitted into 
college. At night an illumination, and a class of forty, \^'alked. 

6. A very good exhibition. Saw many old friends. At even attended a 
lecture in college hall. 

7. Came down to Lanesborough. The new^ college at ^\■illiamstown is 
nearly shut in. 

8. Came down to Lenox to our cousin Goodwin's. ° Kindly received. 

g. Had a good visit at our cousins ; towards night came down to Stock- 
bridge. Not verj' well. 

10. Troubled with our horses going to meeting. At even made a visit to 
Dr. \\'est. Attended singing meeting. 

11. Came home. A prosperous journey. Some profit. 



' Elizabeth Robbins's marriage with Mr. ington, Ct., minister of the Congregational 

Lawrence did not prove altogether a happy church in TjTingham, Mass., from 1789 to 

one. They lived, it will be remembered, at 1S08. 

Paris, Oneida County, New York. s Sally is Sarah, afterwards Mrs. Joseph 

= Dr. Elisha Perkins, of Plainfield, Ct. Battell. 

He calls )\\myouiig, though he was a man be- ' William Walker, Esq., whose son Will- 

tween fifty and si.xty, because his father, iam P. Walker was graduated at Williams 

Joseph Perkins, had also been a physician of College in 179S, and was admitted to the bar 

eminence at Plainfield, and had very recently in 1S03. He practiced in Leno.x. 

"'^"- " It was so much for Massachusetts to 

' Dr. Thomas Scott, the commentator, who own the second President of the United 

had published a Vindication of tJie Ins/ini- States, that it was natural to make a hero of 

tion of the Holy Scripture, republished in Xew him. 

\ ork in 1797. s Joseph Goodwin, before mentioned as 

» Rev. Joseph Avery, a native of Ston- the son o£ Mrs. Robbins's sister. 



1797 ] AT HOME AT NORFOLK. 



41 



12. The yellow fever prevails in many places. It is a great wonder that 
we are not desolated with judgments. 

13. Began to read Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History. Have something of 
the dysentery. 

14. Some robberies near Philadelphia. Operated on the rheumatism suc- 
cessfully with the metallic points.' 

15. Never felt more unhinged and doubtful what to do in my life. Oh for 
direction ! 

16. Took water-levels about. Warm. Reading Mosheim. 

17. Read History of Redemption' My sister B. lives now comfortably. 

18. Attended freemen's meeting. Rainy. Considerable company. 

ig. Worked hard in the forenoon cutting stalks. Little prospect of a 
general peace in Europe. 

20. A little frost. Wrote to Esther Robbins.' Heard from Uncle Rob- 
bins;* rather unwell. 

21. Reading Mosheim. Worked among hay. 

22. Worked a good deal. It made me feel better in health. 

23. My brother buying a horse for my father. Ver)- fine weather all the 
time. 

24. Mr. Weston,^ of Cornwall, preached here. Full meeting. 

25. Wrote a letter to Mr. Oilman' at Marietta. Yesterday and today 
much troubled with an ague in my face. 

26. Rode to Goshen with Dr. Edwards to association. Rainy. A good 
association. Gillet' licensed. 

27. Good weather. Rode home. General training at Salisbury-. Some 
frost. Wrote a letter to Medad Curtis. 

28. Yesterday took cold and am distressed with the ague. Could not get 
opium. 

29. Rode to the south end of the town and attended a conference. 
Warm. 

30. Worked some. Helped raise a small building near by. This 
month has been very pleasant and warm weather. As yet no frost of conse- 
quence. 



' He was trying the tractors which his of Plymouth. Mr. Gilman was living at Ma- - 

father had received from Dr. Perkins. rietta, Ohio. 

^ Published in Edinburgh, Scotland, in ' This must have been Mr. Nathan Gil- 

1777, with an introductory note by Rev. John left, of Granby, Ct., who was graduated at 

Erskine. Williams in 179S. But his name does not 

' In Canaan. appear as a Litchfield County licentiate in 

■* Dr. Chandler Robbins, of Plymouth. the contributions to the EccUsUistical History 

- Rev. Hercules Weston, graduated at </ Conttectiait. Nathan Gillett was settled 

Dartmouth in 17S3, and settled at Cornwall, in Gilead, a parish of Hebron, in 1799. 

Ct., 1792-1S03. Mr. Robbins speaks of him familiarly as 

^ Mr. Benjamin I. Gilman, who married he would naturally speak of a fellow stu- 

Hannah, daughter of Chandler Robbins, D.D., dfint. 



42 UIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBEINS, D.D. [l797- 

OcTontB. 

1. My father preached on the great spirit that prevails to Christianize 
the lieathen.' Rainy. 

2. Attended the funeral of Capt. I. IIolt.= A vast many people for this 
town. 

3. Attended the concert of prayer. Very sickly in many parts of the 
United States. 

4. Little prospect of a general peace. Rainy. Reading Mosheim. 

5. Last night tiie greatest storm of wind we have had for years. 

6. At evening Mr. Steele' came here from Paris. My sister's family 
more peaceable. 

7. Worked considerably, picking apples. Hard frosts now. 

8. Read magazine. Full meetings ; hope some seriousness. 

9. Wrote to my friend L. F. Scholars came. We have a great deal of 
company. 

10. My father set out for Stockbridge to be doctored. Cold. 

11. Read. Attend to the scholars steadily.* Papal power almost daily 
declining. Read lecture on France and Portugal. 

12. Mv father sent down for my mother to go to Stockbridge. Quite poor. 

13. My mamma went up to Stockbridge. I have the whole care of busi- 
ness, and attend to the scholars. 

14. Worked. At even Mr. Steele' came and tarried. Moderate weather. 

15. Mr. Smith, a candidate, came to preach. He preached in the fore- 
noon, Mr. Steele in the afternoon. Cold. 

16. Dug a hole for potatoes. Last night wrote to my father, and to my 
sister B. 

17. The sickness at Philadelphia abates. Danger of internal enemies in 
our Republic. May God avert. 

18. Worked picking com. Frequent applications to take scholars.' 

19. Had some company. Buried some apples.' Work and attend to the 
scholars steadily. 

20. Buried potatoes. Had a letter from my father. He is very poor, but 
gaining. 



■ The liaptist Missionary Society in Eng- took the church at Paris there were nineteen 

land had been organized in 1792, and the members. There were received during his 

London Missionary Society in 1795. In this ministry two hundred and seventy-three mem- 

ciiuiitry, from the days of Edwards and the bers. 

great Whitcfield revivals, the missionary spirit ' His father being now for some time 

was abroad, but the time for the organ- absent, he had the full charge of the scholars, 
ization of societies for foreign work had not = Rev. Eliphalet Steele, just before men- 

yel been reached. tioned. 

= Capt. Isaac Holt, Jr. His father of the ' The school at Norfolk was popular, 

same name died in 1806. ? The practice of burying potatoes and 

' Rev. Eliphalet Steele, born in Hartford, apples in the fall, to have them crisp and 

Ct., June 26, 1742, graduated at Yale College fresh in the spring, was common among the 

1764, settled at Egremont, Mass., 1770-1794, old Connecticut farmers, and is perhaps so 

and at Paris, N. Y., 1795-1817. When he at present. 



1 797-] -^T HOME AT NORFOLK. 43 

21. Read some. Cold. Read Theological Magazine' at evening. 

22. A ver\' rainy day ; no meeting. Praj-ed in the family. 

23. Attended a funeral. Dr. Edwards" preached. Have little time to 
read. 

24. The papers very barren of news. The Governor unable to attend the 
assembly.' 

25. At evening had a spell of paring apples. 

26. Boiling cider.'* My brother returned from Vermont ; brought back the 
letter I wrote on the 9th. My father gaining. 

27. At evening had a great husking.' My salt-rheum rages very much. 

28. Worked pretty hard. My heart little disposed to serious things. 

29. No preaching. I read all day.'' Wet and cold weather. Read His- 
tory of Redemption^ 

30. My brother J.' went after my father in a wagon. Had a husking. 

31. My brother was appointed deputy sheriff.' Read Mosheim. Nego- 
tiations for peace go on very slow. 



1. My father came home very poor. Worked pretty hard. 

2. Considerable company. Warm. Produce lower than last year. 

3. Worked at making cider. A great deal made this fall. 

4. Worked pretty hard. Our assembly rose yesterday.'" Fine weather 
this week. 

5. Rainy. My father unable to preach. Read all day ; also the procla- 
mation. 

6. Some snow. Made a medicine and some salve for the salt-rheum. 

7. Went into Canaan and traded some. Ver\- cold. 

8. Traded some. Find little time to read. Read newspaper. 

9. Set out to go to Cornwall. Went as far as my brother's in Canaan. 
An agreeable night. 

10. Went to Cornwall. Disappointed about taking a school there. Went 
on to Warren. Dreadful road. 



' The Theological Magazine was published the old-fashioned country enjo)Tnents. It was 

in New York. It was started in 1796, but a festival occasion, rather than a time of 

continued only three or four years. mere toil. 

^ Dr. Jonathan Edwards, of Colebrook. * His father was still absent, and no one 

^ Gov. Oliver Wolcott, and this the fall came to supply the pulpit, 

session of the assembly. ' Jonathan Edwards's History of Re- 

♦ From the entries Oct. 25th and 26th, it demption was published in Edinburgh, in 

is evident that the family was engaged in 1777- 

making the customarj' supply of apple-sauce * James Watson Robbins. 

for the season. ' Nathaniel Robbins. 

5 The husking, where the neighbors were '" The fall session of the assembly meet- 
invited in of an autumn evening, was one of ing in October was apt to be short. 



44 PIARY OF RF.V. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [l797- 

11. So Stormy could not come home. My brother N. came there. His 
connections at Kent at an end." 

12. Ver\- rainy. Little nieeting. KcaA /Ws. Edwan/is Lifi.'' 

i-v Rode home across Canaan Mountain. Warm. Very wet season. 

14. Worked making a hog-pen. Great commotions in the interior of France. 

iv Mr. Jetlerson, our Vice-President, grows unpopular. At night Mr. 
Judson ' came here. 

if). Thanksgiving.' Mr. Judson preached. Blessed be God that we have 
such abundant cause for thankfulness. O, for hearts ! 

17. Exceeding cold for the season. Snowed considerably. Our young 
people much addicted to frolicking. 

18. Severe weather. In the afternoon worked sledding wood. 

19. My father preached for the first time since October 8th. People grow 
very extravagant at our great cities. 

20. At evening read Fefer Porcupine's^ Papers. Worked getting wood. 

21. Read. Human nature all selfish. Yesterday in the afternoon Dr. 
Goodrich,' of Durham, called here very well, took dinner, and towards night 
rode out to Capt. Ives's. This morning a messenger has come, and informed 
us that he has gone the way of all the earth. He got up, as is supposed, well, 
got partly dressed, and, as appears, w-as seized with a fit of the apoplexy, 
stretched himself on the floor, and expired. It was about an hour after they 
heard him get up, before they found him dead. 

22. Rainy and freezing. My brother N. has a great deal of business. 
Litigation much prevails. 

23. Great complaint of a scarcity of money. Went out to Capt. Ives's;' 
saw mourners, corpse, etc. May I improve rightly. 

24. Steady cold. Austin, of New Hartford, came here to study. I play 
some at chequers, etc. 



' From previous hints about the connec- umes published in London in iSoi) has left a 

tions which Nathaniel was likely to form, the picture of the politics and leading politicians 

fact recorded in this entrv' was doubtless of America, which (with caution) must be 

pleasing to his family. studied by all who would understand the party 

- This was doubtless the Life of Eikmirjs, questions with which they were discussed." 

by Dr. Samuel Hopkins, first published in ' Rev. Elizur Goodrich, D. D., a native of 

1764. Wethersfield, graduate of Yale College in 

' Rev. Ephraim Judson, of Sheffield. I75-, minister at Durham from 1756 to his 

* Thanksgiving day earlier than in some death, 1797. He was a member of the Cor- 

years. poration of Yale College. He was father of 

'The Pefcr Porcupine Papers were writ- Hon. Chauncey Goodrich, Representative and 
ten by William Cobbett, a controversial Eng- Senator in Congress, and Lieut.-Govemor of 
lishman, who was born in 1762, came to this Connecticut. Elizur Goodrich, LL. D., a 
country, and settled in Philadelphia in 1796. member and Secretary of the Yale Corpora- 
He had taken the nom tie plume of Peter Por- tion, was also his son. The last named was 
cupine before coming hither, and carried it father of Rev. Chauncey Allen Goodrich, 
back with him on his return in 1800. He D. D., Professor of Rhetoric in Yale College 
was a very voluminous writer, and of marked from 1S17 to 1839, and from 1S39 to i860 
ability, so much so that Chancellor Kent Professor of the Pastoral Charge, 
said : "Cobbett, in these volumes (twelve vol- ' Where Dr. Goodrich died. 



I797-] AT HOME AT NORFOLK. 45 

25. Worked some. Read a tragedy. My salt-rheum grows better. 

26. Read History of Redemption. Troubled about wood. Sacrament 
administered. 

27. Extreme cold. Think of keeping a ciphering school. Worked. The 
Mohawk River was crossed on the ice about the middle of this month. 

28. Yesterday morning Col. Adams,' of Litchfield, our Chief-Justice, died 
of a lingering disorder, aged si.xt\'-one years. Read. There are said to be 
333.000,000 inhabitants in China. 

29. Our envoys "^ have arrived at France. Worked and caught a ver)- bad 
cold. Received a letter from Mr. Battell,' Torringford, requesting me to go 
and take a school there. 

30. At evening a tragedy spoken in town. I did not go. Read Mosheim. 
Excessive cold. 



1. My sister B.* not the most happy in her family. Troubled with a 
divided household. Had a great coat made yesterday. 

2. The weather moderates. Received a long and foolish letter from 
Medad Curtis. 

3. Prett)- full meeting, and very serious. We hear that Gov. Wolcott* 
died last Friday morning of a lingering illness, aged seventj'-one. Thus our 
Governor, Chief Judge, and one of the first of the clergy, Dr. Goodrich, have 
gone near together. 

4. Spoke considerably in town meeting about seating the meeting-house. 
Last night there was a total eclipse of the moon, but it was so cloudy it could 
not be seen only by its effect on the light. 

5. Thought to be the coldest day we have had. Caught a bad cold last 
night. The season is ver\- extraordinar)'. About the middle of November 
cold weather came on and everything froze up. The weather continued freez- 
ing cold till the 26th of November, and ever since that it has been extreme. 
Winter is undoubtedly set in. Many people have now cider to make, com 
and potatoes to gather in. Such a season cannot be remembered. 



' Andrew Adams, graduate of Yale 1760, * Mrs. Lawrence, at Paris, N. Y. 

Member of Congress and Chief-Justice of ' Oliver Wolcott, LL. D., son of Roger 

Connecticut. He was King's Attorney be- Wolcott, Colonial Governor of Connecticut, 

fore the Revolution, and was a member of Oliver Wolcott was born in Windsor, east 

the Continental Congress. side of the river, Nov. 26, 1726, but removed 

^ Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, John Mar- to Litchfield on his appointment to be high 

shall, and Klbridge Gerry. sheriff of Litchfield County in 1751. He 

^ Josiah Buckingham Battell, brother of was graduated at Yale in 1747. He died, as 

Joseph Battell, who married Sarah Robbins, by the record above, Dec. i, 1797- It will 

brother also of Sally Battell, who became be remembered that an entry in the diary in 

the wife of Rev. Dr. Abel McEwen, of New October, states that he was unable to be pres- 

London. The mother of these was Sarah ent at the meeting of the assembly. The 

Buckingham, of Milford, Ct., and hence Jo- Wolcott family furnished many valuable men 

siah Batten's middle name. for the public service. 



^6 niARY Of KF.V. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l797- 

6. Read Mosheiin. I find nothing more beneficial for a hard cold than 
exercise. 

7. Rode out in a sleigh witli my father. We hear now and then of a 
little attention to religion. 

8. Made a syrup for the salt-riieum of winter-green, sarsaparilla. and black 
bircii bark. 

9. Worked some. The weather more moderate. At evening, my brother 
A. and his wife came over to make us a visit. 

10. Had no room to sit in our pew.' We are troubled about my sister B. 
i:. Had some clothes made. People apt to run to see shows. 

12. Considerable noise in town about our pew in the meeting-house. 

13. Rode down to Torringford, and agreed to take a school at a shilling a 
week by the scholar.^ 

14. Rode home. Very warm, so that the frost breaks through, and people 
are making cider. 

i^. Rode to Canaan, and had a coat cut out. A cold rain. 

16. Traded considerably. Cold; the thaw over. Read some. Wrote a 
letter to Davis and another to Denison,' now preceptor at Williamstown. 

17. We hear now and then of a little religious interest. Laus Deo. 

18. My father desired the town to let him have a pew in the meeting- 
house. It was debated, and they refused. Giles Pettibone'' talked extremely 
saucy. 

19. Had some clothes made ; a jacket I cut myself sets verj' well. E.x- 
treme cold. Finished reading the fourth volume of Mosheim. 

20. Rode down to Torringford with my brother F.' 

21. By far the coldest day we have had. Felt much concerned about 
Frank,' after he went away, on account of the cold. In the afternoon began 
my school. 

22. Boarding at Mr. Battell's. Weather moderates. 

23. Cold for a long time past, but no sleighing. Mr. Mills' went over to 
preach at Litchfield. They are destitute. 

24. No preaching. I read all day. Difficult mo\ing ; ice. 

25. What time I can get reading Dr. Trumbull's History of Connecticut.^ 



' There seems to have been an outbreak ' Francis LeBaron Robbins, who carried 

at Norfolk, of the fierce democratic spirit him down to Torringford to keep school, 

sitting in judgment on the minister's rights <■ This is short for his brother Francis 

and privileges. LeBaron. 

= This is not the old shilling of the pounds, ' Samuel J. Mills, minister at Torringford 

shillings, and pence order, as we understand, from 1769 to 1S33. 

but the more modern New England shilling, 'Dr. Benjamin Trumbull, minister at North 

or the sixth part of a dollar. With thirty Haven, Ct, from 176010 1820. The first vol- 

schnlars this would give five dollars a week, ume of his History of Connecticut had just 

which meant far more then, than the same been published, when Mr. Robbins went to 

sum now. Torringford, and was eagerly read all over 

^ Charles Denison. the State. The second volume did not ap- 

•• Giles Pettibone was a prominent man in pear until iSiS. It still remains a book of 

town, and had been often representative to authority, and is much prized among schol- 

thc assembly. ars, especially Connecticut men. 



1797-] TEACHIXG AT TORRINGFORD. 47 

26. 1 have a very good school of youths, about twenty-five. Rainy. 

27. Very cold. Trumbull's history very good. My father preached a 
dedication sermon at Torrington.' 

28. At evening attended a brilliant wedding. Stayed too late. 

29. The English have defeated the Dutch fleet in a great naval fight." 

30. At night received a good letter from mamma, and one from Mr. Gil- 
man at Marietta. Read Newton's' Letters. 

31. Pleasant weather. Good preaching. Read Theological Magazine. 
Wrote a letter to mamma. Thus another year has passed over me. How do 
I fall in debt every year. I resolve and resolve and that is the most. O, for 
assistance that I may live answerable to mercies received. 



' Torrington is the town of which Tor- Duncan defeated the Dutch fleet under 

ringford is a parish. Admiral De Winter, the latter losing fifteen 

^ This was the battle of Caraperdown, ships, 
fought Oct. II, 1797, in which Admiral ^ Rev. John Newton 



ires. 

January. 

1. Have a poor heart and little inclination to begin the year as a moral 
agent and an accountable being ought to do. 

2. At night received letters from my sister S., my cousin P. Starr, and 
from Davis. 

3. Much dejected in spirits. May it be a means of giving me true 
humility and submission. Read in Mr. Newton's Letters to his Wife. 

4. My school increases. Read Pope's Homer's Iliads 

5. Considerable snow last night and today. 

6. Talked seriously to my school. Very much pleased with Homer's 
Iliad. 

7. Read the Theological Magazine. Great things doing to Christianize the 
heathen. May they be succeeded. At evening attended a singing meeting. 

8. Ke^LdSiretch's Beauties of History.^ At night it snowed. Wrote home. 

9. At evening began an evening school. At length a definitive treaty of 
peace is concluded between France and Germany. A very good newspaper 
this week. 

10. Not very well. At evening wrote. Thawy weather. 

11. Very cold. Read Stretch's Beauties of History. 

12. At evening had a school. Unwell for the want of sufficient exercise. 

13. Heard from home. Warm. Exercised considerably. 

14. At evening wrote to my sister S., and to Esther Robbins. 

15. Very warm. The snow goes very fast. 'R.ta.d Beauties of History. 

16. Yesterday a young man at Norfolk had his arm cut off; a misfortune 
in bleeding. 

17. A thorough Januarj' thaw. Things in France appear unfavorable to- 
wards the United States. Read. 

18. Had some occasion for reproof in my school. Cold. 

19. I get tired and almost sick with my school day and evening. 

20. Went to live at Mr. Mills's. Read Mr. Strong against Universalists.' 



' The translation of Homer's Iliad hy Pope Calvinism Imprm'cd, from the pen of Dr. Jo- 
was first published by subscription from 1715 seph Huntington, of Coventry. Dr. Hunt- 
to 1720, but it has appeared in many editions, ington died in 1794, and the existence of any 
and found a multitude of readers in every such work was not known until after his 
generation since. death. It was Universalist in its doctrine. 

° L. M. Stretch's Beauties of History, pub- It was published in 1796, and was soon fol- 

lished in London 1797 and 1815. Two vol- lowed by a treatise from the pen of Dr. Nathan 

umes. Strong, of Hartford, entitled, The Doctrine of 

' One of the great theological events in Eternal Misery Consistent with the Infinite Be- 

Connecticut, near the close of the last cent- nevolenceof God. This last was the work that 

ury, was the appearance of the book entitled Mr. Robbins was reading. 



50 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROEBIXS, D.D. [l798. 

21. At evening went to singing meeting. Mr. M. preached closely on 
Divine Sovereignty." 

22. Connecticut River is now principally open. In the afternoon rainy. 

23. Very cold. Sudden changes in the weather lately. Considerable 
speculation in the State concerning a Lieutenant-Governor. 

24. It appears the French are about to destroy the Pope.^ The French 
are e.xcessive haughty. 

25. Considerably unw-ell. Thinking of a subject for a dialogue. Some 
headache. 

26. Snowed, but warm. W'c have as yet had no sleighing of consequence. 

27. Cold, and snowed hard all day. Talked seriously to my school. 

28. Yesterday and last night the hardest storm we have had since March, 
1796. People breaking paths. 

29. Engaged writing a dialogue. Considerably troubled with a pain in my 
jaw. 

30. Pleasant weather, and excellent sleighing. 

31. Towards night rode home. Found at my father's Uncle Starr, Peter, 
etc. My father has a great deal of company.' 

February. 

1. Veiy cold and blustering. Wrote some. My brother'' does a great 
deal of business as sheriff. 

2. Visited the school. Saw Combs.^ the scholar, at Williams College. 

3. Rode back to Torringford. Cold. Very good sleighing. 

4. Mr. Mills gone to preach at Winsted, now vacant.^ Read all day. 
My classmate King' came here ; brought a letter from Davis at Somers. I 
wrote back to Davis. 

5. Had a very good visit from King. Wrote on a dialogue. 

6. Our commissioners in France in a very critical situation. 

7. Cold, and very good sleighing. My school improves very well. 

8. Extreme cold. I pray in the family in Mr. Mills's absence. 

9. Have very full evening schools. It seems the whole world is engaged 
in sleighing. 

10. Heard from home. Saw Lee's new arithmetic. .Appears pedantic. 

11. At even finished my dialogue. Read. Mr. Mills preached on the Ten 
Commandments. 



' This was a favorite topic with the New * Nathaniel Robbins. 

England divines a hundred years ago. ' There was no graduate of Williams Col- 

^ They did greatly cripple his temporal lege by the name of Combs. He may have 

power, and broke in upon it still more in the been in the Academy. 

present century ; but the Pope is not yet ' Rev. Ezra Woodworth, who had been 

destroyed. settled in Winsted in 1792, was about to leave. 

3 It is more and more evident that the ' Salmon King. He and Davis were at So- 

parsonage at Norfolk was a center of many mers, Ct., studying theology with Dr. Charles 

varied influences. Streams were flowing in Backus, at that time one of the most conspic- 

and out continually. uous theological teachers in New England. 



1798.] TEACHING AND STUDYING THEOLOGY AT TORRINGFORD. 5 1 

12. Mr. Bordwell,' of Kent, and wife, came here for a visit. Instructive, 
though odd. 

13. Troubled some with a pain in my jaw-. Great noise at Congress tliat 
Mr. Lyon has spit in Mr. Griswold's ° face. 

14. Snowed considerably. Mr. Bordwell preached a lecture. E\ening 
wrote. 

15. Warm. At evening wrote a letter. Congress too much in parties. 

16. Fine sleighing. Mr. Bordwell went home. Read in Levi's^ Zi'/Zr/s /o 
Paine. 

17. Wrote to Joseph Battell.'* Wrote. Considerably unwell. Cold. 

18. Mr. Mills in sermon represented Christ sold at vendue.' Tlie Theo- 
logical Magazines arrived. 

19. The Magazine ver)' good. The missionary spirit increasing. A\'rote 
very late. 

20. My school does veiy well. At night ver\' cold and stormy. After long 
debate in Congress, Mr. Lyon' was not e.xpelled. 

21. Quite sick all day with a pain in my jaw. Dismissed school. 

22. Feel much better. Read Magazine. At evening saw S. Kingsbury 
from Norfolk. My brother James sick. 

23. Quite thawy all day. Snow goes ver)' fast. 

24. Talked seriously to my school. May I do some good. Read Magazine. 

25. Snowed. Felt something serious. At evening walked up to Dr. 
Woodward's.' 

26. Cold. All freezes up. Went to Col. Strong's.' Congress conducts 
ridiculously. 

27. Mr. Griswold and Mr. Lyon at Congress have been fighting.' Ver}' 
cold. Heard from home. 

28. Gave my dialogues to my school. Conversed with Mr. !Mills on 
Divinity.'" 



' Rev. Joel Bordwell, minister at Kent * There was an effort to expel him for his 

from 175S to iSu, when he died. He was low and dirty act, but the effort miscarried, 

graduated at Yale in 1756. In iSoi, it will be remembered that Mr. Jef- 

- The persons engaged in the quarrel were ferson and Mr. Burr had an equal number of 

Mathew Lyon, of Vermont, and Roger Gris- electoral votes, and the man who turned the 

wold, of Connecticut. Lyon was a Democrat, scale for Mr. Jefferson is said to have been 

and a somewhat notorious character. Roger this Mathew Lvon. 

Griswold was a distinguished Federalist, and ' Dr. Samuel Woodward, an honored phy- 

was afterwards Governor of Connecticut. sician. 

' David Levi, a tradesman of London, of " Col. John Strong, 

considerable fame as a writer and man of ' As Congress did not expel Mr. Lyon, 

learning. the affair led on to a personal encounter. 

* Who afterwards was united in marriage '" Mr. Mills was not so much known as a 

with Mr. Robbins's sister Sarah. theologian as a man of broad and general 

' Mr. Mills in his pulpit performances power, with a quaint style of speaking and 

couM say and do things, that in other men writing. In those respects he was one of the 

would have seemed odd, but were natural and most original and well-known preachers of 

admissible with him. his generation. 



52 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [^19^- 



1. Good sleighing. Some unwell. At evening rode over to Torrington.' 

2. In the morning rode back. Had a verj- good visit at Mr. Gillet's.' 
Rainy and hail. 

3. My school engaged learning dialogues. Robberies and murders grow 
frequent in this countrj'. 

4. At evening wrote. In the afternoon Mr. W'oodworth,' of Winsted, 
preached here. 

5. At evening made sonic visits. A very great and universal cry for hay. 

6. Was invited to a ball. At my evening school went deep into mathe- 
matics. For equal mills, as the square of the hight of one dam multiplied 
by its quantity of water, so is another. 

7. Much distressed with my old pain in my jaw. Wrote. 

8. My boys spoke one dialogue. Poor but hopeful. In evening wrote a 
short dialogue. 

g. Quite warm. The sleighing seems to be going. 

10. Sap runs a little. Mr. Hallock'came here from Simsburj' to preach. 
Some awakening up the country. 

11. A ver)- uncomfortable storm. At night wrote on an oration for my 
exhibition. 

12. At evening had a peculiar interview with . The sleighing is 
gone. 

13. Went to board at Col. Strong's.' Finished my night-school. 

14. Saw Uncle Starr. Mr. Griswold,* of New Milford, has published a 
piece defaming that association. 

15. Saw Mr. Judson, of Sheffield. Wrote home. Merchants break very 
frequently. The King' of Prussia is dead. 

16. Dreadful stirring. People begin to make sugar. 

17. Walked up to see Bissell," formerly a scholar at our house. Many 
people are going up to Winsted to have the small-po.x. 

18. Saw Josiah Battell. Roads and turnpikes very much the rage of the 
day. 



• Torrington Centre was a few miles from Ct., born in 1733, and one of the early settlers 

Torringford. on the west side of Torrington. 

= Alexander Gillet, native of East Granby, ' Rev. Stanley Griswold was a native of 

graduate at Yale in 1770; settled in Wolcott, Torringford, graduated at Yale in 17S6, set- 

Ct., 1773 to 1791; settled in Torrington 1792 tied at New Milford in 1790, and dismissed 

to 1826. in 1S02. While pastor at New Milford he 

3 Church in Winsted organized in 1790; embraced Unitarian sentiments, and involved 

Ezra Woodworth, first pastor from 1792 to himself and his church in a course of disci- 

1799. pline. 

■* Rev. Jeremiah Hallock, p.astor at Can- ' Frederick William II. 

ton Centre from 17S.5 to 1826. He received " The second settler in Torringford was 

the degree of A.M. from Yale in 1788. Benjamin Bissell, who went there in 1745. 

' Col. John Strong, a native of Windsor, His descendants were numerous. 



I79S.] TEACHING AND STUDYING THEOLOGY AT TORRINGFORD. 53 

19. My school much engaged preparing for exhibition. Griffin," a college 
acquaintance, called to see me. 

20. There is every appearance that the French are determined to go to 
Great Britain. Our commissioners not like to do anything. 

21. Parties high at Congress. \\'ent to board at Mr. Battell's.'^ .V hard 
storm. 

22. At evening my children ' spoke their dialogues very weU. Poor weather 
for sugar. 

23. At night rode out. Got some warm sugar. 

24. Took a very affectionate leave of my school. A peculiar scene. 
Made out the school-bill ; a great job. Very stormy. 

25. The winter breaking up. Very bad going. 

26. Helped my boys to make a stage in the meeting-house.'' Fi.xed things 
in good order. All feel much engaged in the exhibition. 

27. We had, I think, the best exhibition of a school I ever saw. All my 
own composition. I closed with an oration. At night had an agreeable 
company at Mrs. Battell's. My father came down, brought me a horse, and 
attended the exhibition. 

28. My wages for thirteen weeks, boarding myself (which was low),' were 
si.xty dollars. People paid me very cheerfully. Had a great audience 
yesterday. 

29. Rode home. Snow in the road a great part of the way. Dangerous 
riding. 

30. Very warm; snow goes ver)- fast. My cousin, G. Thompson,^ must 
die soon by reason of his intemperance ; very stupid. 

31. My sister B.'s family more peaceable. The streams very high. I think 
I gain constantly in the knowledge of geography and history. 

April. 

1. My father exhibited the proclamation for a Fast. Our nation and State 
are in great danger of internal commotions. May God save this nation as he 
has heretofore. 

2. Wrote the former transactions of my life. Finished my first little 
diary. Rainy. The season is backward. A good deal of snow yet. Very 
little sugar weather. A ver\- great scarcity of hay. Danger that many cattle 
will die. A very great spirit of litigation prevails; eight hundred cases before 
the present county court. I had a very agreeable school at Torringford. 
They improved beyond all expectation. My connection with them was very 



' George Griffin, in tlie class of 1797 at ' That is, his board was low, probably not 

Yale. more than a dollar a week. 

- William Battell. *■ Irene Robbins, of Branford, Ct., sister of 

' The younger scholars of the school, for Rev. Ammi Ruhamah Robbins, married Mr. 

whom he had written a special dialogue. G. D. Thompson. G. Thompson is doubt- 

* In the old New England towns, the meet- less one of her sons. His mother was 

ing-house had to serve for almost all public living at this time at Plymouth, Massa- 

occasions. chusetts. 



54 DIARY OF Rrv. THOMAS ROBBIN'S, D.D. [iTQS- 

agreeable. I was never irritated or spoke a cross word to one of them. Their 
affection and esteem for me appeared to be no less than I had for them. 
They were generally from fourteen to eighteen years of age ; and on the 
whole I do not believe there is a more agreeable school in the countr)'. 

3. There has been a good deal of cider' made this spring, as well as in 
the winter thaws. Dreadful going. Attended the concert of prayer. It 
snows. 

4. Difficulties in my father's church. Parties in Congress seem to be 
permanently fixed. The French take our vessels at a great rate. 

5. Reading Montesquieu's Spirit of La-ws.- Wrote to the printer at 
Hartford. 

6. Fast da\-. My heart verj- cold in the duties of religion. A young 
child died in town with a scald. 

7. The Democrats made a great stir in this State to influence the ensuing 
election for Congress. Read Mosheim's History. 

8. Read History of Redemption. Quite warm. The ground settles verj- 
fast. 

9. In consequence of some late news from Congress, handbills were sent 
last night from Litchfield through the country. They had a very good effect. 
The Democrats' had scarcely any votes; not one here. 

10. The President of the United States* has issued a proclamation for a 
National Fast. Opened a potato hole ; half rotten. 

11. Finished Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History? Ver)- good and useful. 
May I retain. 

12. Began to read Prideaux's' Connections. Rainy. Our country seems in 
a degree in commotion. 

13. Worked considerably. Drove plough ; caught cold. 

14. Troubled some with rheumatism. Metallic points useful. Read. 
Rainy. 

15. Mr. Morgan, about to settle at North Canaan, preached here, my father 
preached there. 

16. Read Prideaux. Streams verj' high. It seems that the country- will 
be almost ruined by litigation. 



' The family cider was regarded as one of has been reading Mosheim's Ecclesiastical His. 

the essentials of life, and if it could not be /or)' for some months. Mosheim died in 1755, 

made in the fall, it must be made in the at the age of sixty-one, while connected with 

spring. We remember that apples were buried the University of Gbttingen. His works were 

in the fall. Out of these probably the spring first translated into English in 1764, but a 

cider was made. much better edition was furnished by our 

^ Esprit des Lois first published in 174S. own countryman, Dr. James Murdock, in 

" One of the most laborious books ever writ- 1S45. 
ten." ' Dr. Humphrey Prideau.x, whose Con- 

^ Connecticut was then very strongly Fed- nection of the Old a7id Xeiu Testament with the 

eral. History of the Jc^i'S and Neighboring Nations 

■• Second year of President John Adams's has been of such service to scholars. He 

administration. was born at Padstow in Cornwall, England, 

5 It will be remembered that Mr. Robbins in 1648, and died in 1724. 



1798.] AT HOME AT NORFOLK. 55 

17. Very cold for the season. Ground so frozen that it can't be plowed. 
Bought Dr. Trumbull's History of Connecticut. 

18. The papers give us the instructions to the French commissioners, and 
the accounts received from them. France determines all nations shall be 
tributaries. War seems inevitable. Worked some. Connecticut River has 
not been known so high for many years. Universally the streams are at a 
verj' unusual hight. The great depth of the frost has made a long season of 
mud, and almost impossible to move. The ground not settled yet. We have 
had a verj- long and severe winter. I think the longest, though not the cold- 
est, I can remember. 

19. Warm. At night finished the first part of Prideaux's History. 

20. Yesterday we had the melancholy news of the death of our cousin, 
George Thompson.' He died of a kind of a consumption occasioned by his 
licentious life. A great deal of rain this spring. 

21. My mamma much troubled with complaints, ner%'ous, etc. Quite un- 
well. Quite warm. Made a sjTup to drink for the salt-rheum. 

22. Rainy. I grow better in health since I came from Torringford. 

23. Read the History of Conmcticut? Worked considerably. 

24. My father went to Stockbridge to be doctored for his old difficult}-. 
Public news ver}^ interesting. 

25. My father returned without effecting an)thing. Worked pretty hard. 

26. Worked. Made a ver}' good great gate for a fence. 

27. Verj' hot. Our National Fast is put off by reason of our election. 

28. A verj' hot and growing time. On the 24th bought Ramsay's ^ History 
of the American Rctvlution. Read it. 

29. A man at Southington lately died with the hydrophobia. Missionarj- 
societies I fear will be too common.* 

30. Quite warm. A family in town poisoned eating herbs. Read 
Ramsay's History. 

May. 

1. Worked. Put on linen clothes for the first time. E.xtremely hot. 

2. The conduct of the French towards this country is nearly equal to a 
declaration of war. In the afternoon a ver)' great shot of rain.' 

3. My classmate King' came here to make me a \isit. Afternoon he 
preached a lecture. The first preacher in the class. 



' Vide note on March 30th ult. e.xpression "shot of rain." The word must 

' Trumbull's. have been used in those days to signify a 

^ David Ramsay, M. D., bom April 2, 1749, sudden and powerful shower, perhaps accom- 

in Lancaster, Penn., graduated at Princeton panied with high winds. 

College in 1765, settled in Charleston, S. C, ' Salmon King, who had been studying 

as a physician, and became eminent. His with Dr. Charles Backus, of Somers. He 

ffistory cf the American Uri-oluiionrnXvio \o\- had recently been licensed (April 10) by the 

umes, published in 17S9. Tolland Association. "The first preacher 

* If there was danger of this when he in the class " means simply that he was the 

wrote, what shall we say now ? But his fear first one of the Yale class of 1796 to receive 

was quite unnecessary'. his license to preach. It was not yet two years 

5 We have once before, at least, had this since he was graduated at Yale College. 



56 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l798' 

4. Wrote a letter to Uncle Robbins. My brother J. came from Hartford, 
having been after shad." (Jood luck ; one weighed above six pounds. 

5. My father bought a number of apple-trees at 14//. each. Worked a 
good deal setting them out. Read in Peter Pindar.' 

6. If it be such a trial to be excluded from the visible church, what will 
it be at last ? 

7. Worked. Making a fence round the house. Dr. West came and 
tarried here going to election. The Democrats in this country lose ground fast. 

8. A great struggle in the State of New York for Governor. Mr. Jay has 
likely got it. My father had a small building drained. 

9. My father went to election. This is the day in all the States but this 
for the Fast. May God hear the prayers of his people. 

10. Rained a little. The young people here very fond of balls; chil- 
dren too. 

11. Finished the fence before the house. Jonathan TrumbulP is chosen 
Governor, and John Treadwell,* being the highest, is put in Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of this State. 

12. Pettibone' at Williams College, from this town, dangerously sick. 
His friends gone up. My father went to Canaan to preach. 

13. Mr. Farrand' preached here; seventy-eight years old. Holds his age 
remarkably. 

14. Got the water on the mowing. The trees in full bloom. Cool 
weather steadily. 

15. Dr. Elisha North thinks of settling in this town. Read Ramsay's 
History. Disturbances at Philadelphia at the late Fast. 

16. This day the Fast was attended through this State. Pretty full meeting 
here. The first National Fast since I can remember.' Pettibone like to live. 

17. Received a letter from my classmate Noble at Williamstown. Wrote 
to Sally Battell. 

18. Read Ramsay. A very dry and cool season. 



' May was the month for filling the Con- ' John Treadwell was of Farmington, and 

necticut shad barrel, or barrels, for the year. after the death of Gov. Trumbull just named, 

^ Peter Pindar was Dr. John Wolcott, of was Governor for t\vo years. He was the 

England, born at Dodbrooke, Devonshire, in first President of the American Board of 

173S, and dying in 1S19. He was a very bold Foreign Missions. 

and effective satirist, and George HI, Dr. ^ Sereno Pettibone, who recovered from 
Samuel Johnson, Boswell, and many others, this illness, and graduated at Williams Col- 
felt the sharp arrows of his wit. lege in iSoo. 

^ Jonathan Trumbull, of Lebanon, chosen ' Rev. Daniel Farrand had been settled 

Governor of Connecticut in 1798, to take the at Canaan forty-six years, at the time of this 

place of Gov. Oliver Wolcott, who died near preaching. He remained five years longer, 

the close of 179;, was the son of the famous till his death in 1S03. 

Gov. Jonathan Trumbull of the Revolution- ' Our autumnal Thanksgivings have now 

ary period. He was chosen each year for all become National as well as State appoint- 

eleven years, till his death in 1809. He and ments. but a National Fast has not occurred, 

his father were both graduates of Harvard as we remember, since the close of the War 

College. of the Rebellion. 



lygS.] AT HOME AT NORFOLK. 57 

ig. Worked a little at planting. The water very useful for the mowing. 

20. Read Dr. West' on Infant Baptism. Some seriousness in some parts 
of the town. 

21. Ver}' warm. Read Ramsay. Rode. 

22. Every preparation is making in the United States for war.'' War be- 
tween France and Switzerland. 

23. Pettibone at college recovering. Worked some. Unwell. 

24. Finished Ramsay's History. One of the most entertaining histories I 
ever read. Had a pair of boots made. 

25. Rained a good deal. We have had none of consequence before since 
the 2d of the month. Read Peter Pindar. 

26. Quite cool. Rode to Torringford with my sister Sally.^ Mr. Griswold, 
of North Milford, has ruined his character by imprudence.* 

27. In the morning a little frost. Mr. Mills preached, and Mr. Gaylord/ of 
Hartland, a third sermon. 

28. A very hard rainy day. My friends at Torringford quite affectionate. 
\A'eighed one hundred and twenty-two pounds. 

29. So rainy I could not ride home. Got all my pay for schooling. 

30. Rode home with my sister. Switzerland seems fast falling a prey to 
the French. Traded considerably. 

31. Read. Streams very high. A bad time for seeds to grow. Cold 
and wet. 

June. 

1. Had some clothes made. Pained with a whitlow on a finger. 

2. Worked a little at highways. Our representatives returned from the 
assembly. Went to see Pettibone ; recovering. It has rained every day this 
week, but the Sabbath. 

3. My father exchanged with Mr. Morgan* at Canaan. A verj- great in- 
attention to religion prevails here. 

4. Finished reviewing Dr. Ramsay. Mr. Backus's election sermon this 
year extraordinary. 

5. Wrote a letter to my classmate Noble. Rode to Canaan with my father 
to attend an installation. Saw my classmate Denison' at Canaan. The French 
everywhere triumphant, are excessively haughty and proud ; ever)' exertion is 
making to invade England, in which Spain and Holland will assist. Their 
projects in all parts, especially to the East, are romantic. The balance of 
Europe seems destroyed ; what will be the event is left with the wise Disposer 
of all events. 



' This was not Dr. Stephen West, of Stock- "■ Vide previous note, 

bridge, but Dr. Samuel West, of New Bed- = Rev. Nathaniel Gaylord, first minister of 

ford, Mass. West Hartland, settled from 17S2 to 1841, fifty- 

^ Notwithstanding all the ominous signs nine years. He graduated at Vale in 1774. 
growing out of the hostile movements of Eu- ' Rev. Solomon Morgan, about to be in- 

ropean nations, we were happily saved from stalled at North Canaan. 
war, in those years. ' Charles Denison, of the class of 1-9G at 

^ Sally is Sarah Robbins. Yale. 



58 DIARY OF RKV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [iVQS- 

6. Mr. Morgan was installed at North C'anaan.' Rode with my sister 
down to my brother Ammi's. 

7. Rode home; quite wet. Had a good visit. I never saw the streams 
in Canaan so high. 

8. Read Dr. Trumbull's History. A late conspiracy is discovered, the 
most formidable in the records of time." 'J'he wet weather is extraordinary. 
On the last day of May Connecticut River was higher at Hartford than it has 
been for twelve years, e.\cept this last spring. Whole fields of summer crops 
destroyed. 

9. Rode some. We have at length got fair weather after more than a 
fortnight of wet. 

10. Felt \'ery serious. The churches in the country apparently declining. 
At evening wrote to Sally Battell,' Torringford. 

11. Rode to Goshen, and back for my brother N.' My brother A.' quite 
sick with the colic. My mamma went over to Canaan. 

12. Rode to Canaan. My brother low, but getting better. Warm. 

13. Rode home with my mamma. Mr. Adams, of Canaan, much afflicted 
with my father's disorder. 

14. Dr. North,' of Goshen, came to our house and operated upon my father 
for his disorder. Quite warm. 

15. Rode up to Stockbridge from Shetifield in the stage, to live with Dr. 
West.' 

16. Began to read Jones's' Canon of the Nrw Tistanieiit. May I be directed 
in my studies this suinmer. 

17. Read the Magazine and Bible. I fear I don't know my own heart. 

18. Read steadily. ISfy health very good, but I fear it will be impaired by 
study. 

19. A number of ministers with Dr. West went to Williamstown to 
association. 

20. Very warm. Political union in the countiy ver}- much increases. The 



' Rev. Solomon Morgan was installed June James O'Coigley was executed as a traitor, 

6, over the church in North Canaan, where protesting his innocence, on June 7th." — 

he remained till his death in 1804. He had Haydn's Dictionary 0/ Dates, iVcw Yofk, iSyS, 

been previously settled in Voluntown, now p. 14S. 
Sterling, Ct. ' Afterwards married to Dr. Abel Mc- 

= " Corresponding Society of London Ewen, of New London, 
was formed about the year 1791, to spread ■* Nathaniel Robbins. 

liberal opinions, and check the tyranny of the -' Ammi Ruhamah, of Canaan. 

British government, then much alarmed by *■ Dr. Elisha North, who has been before 

the French Revolution. Home Tooke and spoken of as having thoughts of settling as a 

other members were tried and acquitted, physician in Norfolk. 
October, 1794. The meetings of the society ' Dr. Stephen West, of Stockbridge. 

at Copenhagen Fields and elsewhere in Octo- ^ William Jones, of England, known as 

ber and November, 1796, were termed trea- " Trinity Jones " or " Jones of Wayland," a 

sonable. On April 21, 1798, Messrs. O'Con- clergyman of the Church of England, and a 

nor, O'Coigley, and others, were tried for voluminous writer. He was born at Lowick, 

corresponding with the French Directory, and England, 1726, and died in xSoo. 



1798-] AT HOME AT NORFOLK. 59 

President of the United States lias addresses constantly from all parts of the 
country, of support, etc. 

21. A growing season. Ministers returned. Read Jones. Wrote some. 
At Williamstown yesterday the thermometer rose to ninety-si.x. 

22. A distressing thought that I have tried all my days to dishonor Clod. 
A very growing season. Dr}^ 

23. All negotiation with France seems to be at an end. Two of our en- 
voys' have left Paris, one has arrived at New York. War seems begun. 
Finished reading Jones's Canon. Wrote a letter to Esther Robbins. Went 
into the water. 

24. Last night a verj- fine shower. Read in Dr. Dwight's sermons against 
Infidel Philosophy.'' Warm. 

25. In the morning Dr. West told me I must write a sermon. I therefore 
set apart the day to fasting and prayer. Trust I had some help. O, for 
humility ! Wrote to my friend Davis ' at Somers. 

26. Began to write a sermon on John iii: 5. Read newspaper, etc. Had 
green peas. 

27. Wrote most of the day. O, for assistance. Towards night walked out. 

28. Finished my sermon. Suited myself better than I expected. Today 
I suppose there is an ordination at Sandisfield. Fine weather. 

29. On the 29th made a commonplace book. Received a letter from my 
sisters. In afternoon Mr. Shepard,* of Leno.x, preached a lecture here. 

30. Read Jones's' Catholic Doctrine of the Trinity. I have four first cousins 
in college ; ' their fathers all educated at Yale, none of these there. Two at 
Harvard, one at Providence, and one at Williams. Attended a funeral of a 
young woman died in town. 

July. 

1. Read the Bible. At night a hard showier. There seems to be as 
much religion in this as in most any town. 

2. Excessive hot. The thermometer rose to ninety-two ; yesterday it was 
at eighty-eight. I could not be comfortable in any place with most of my 
clothes off. Wrote on the question : Does the Absolute Dependence of the 
Creature Tend to Unconcern and Security ? ' 



' The three envoys to France were John * Rev. Samuel Shepard, D. D., minister 

Marshall, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and at Lenox from 1794 to his death, January 5, 

Elbridge Gerry. The two former were re- 1S46, a native of Chatham, Ct., and a gr.idu- 

quested by the French government to leave ate of Yale 1793. 

the country, while Elbridge Gerry was al- ' William Jones, just before noticed as 

lowed to remain. the author of the Canon of tlu Scripluycs. 

- Two sermons on the Nature and Danger ^ These were Samuel Prince Robbins, of 

of Infidel Philosophy addressed to the candi- Harvard, Lewis Gould, of Harvard, Lemuel 

dates for the Baccalaureate in Yale College, LeBaron, of Brown, and Peter Starr, of 

1797. Williams. 

^ Henry Davis, his classmate at Yale, who ' This was one of the questions in the- 

is still at Somers studying theology with Dr. ology which Dr. West had probably given 

Charles Backus. him as a step in his theological training. 



6o 



DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. UlO^- 



3. Read Jcnyn's On'g/fi of E'cil} Attended the concert. A violent 
shower while we were at meeting. 

4. Independence is celebrated in almost every town. A great frolic. 
Wrote a piece on Decrees to send to Williamstown. 

5. Wrote letters to my Uncle Robbins, and to cousin Sam. P. Robbins." 
Yesterday a man was very much hurt with a cannon at Lenox. A man lately 
killed himself in Washington. 

6. Wrote on the question, Does Repentance Imply a Willingness to be 
Cast off Forever?^ Began a sermon on Rom. v: i. 

7. Ver}- barren in composition. O, for divine assistance, without which 
I can do nothing. Began a sermon on Rom. iii: 19. Wrote a piece for the 
newspaper on the ball in this town July 4th. 

8. Wrote some. Read the Bible. Wrote at meeting. 

9. Wrote almost all day. My piece published in the paper. Wrote a letter 
to my cousin P. Starr at Williams College, and sent my piece on Decrees. 

10. Finished my sermon on Rom. iii : 19. Walked out. Quite cool. 

11. Troubled with the headache. Read Edwards's Religious Affections* 
The people in this countrj' generally very Federal on the Fourth of July. 
People generally wear cockades. Received a letter from my father. 

12. Wrote letters to my father and my brother A. Wrote on a sermon. 
Democrats in Congress very impudent. 

13. Attended the funeral of a woman who died of a consumption. At 
night Mr. Weeks' and Mr. Smith, candidates, came here and lodged. People 
haying generally. 

14. The Delaware, sloop of war, has taken a French privateer of twelve 
guns and seventy men. May this, our first stroke of war, be a prelude to a 
glorious success, under God. 

15. Read the Bible. I am ver\- hardened and stupid. I think it is un- 
lawful for Christians to marry any other. 

16. Finished my sennon on Rom. V : i. It took me full three days. Con- 
gress has declared treaties with France void. A man lately died in London 
aged thirt}'-one. His hight seven feet and nine inches ! ! ! 

17. Read Edwards's Religious Affections. Received a letter from my cousin 
Starr at Williams College. Made a visit at Mr. Sedgwick's.' 

iS. Quite wet and cool for the season. Congress has passed an excellent 
sedition bill ; in the House of Representatives forty-four to forty-one. 

19. Wrote a letter to Mr. Day,' tutor at Williams College. Begun a 
sermon on Luke xii : 36. 



' Soame Jeinni. His works, including 'Holland Weeks, settled in 1799, at Wa- 

above, published in 1790, in four volumes. terbury, Ct. Graduated at Dartmouth in 1795, 

- Dr. Chandler Robbins, of Plymouth, and and received the honorary degree of A. M. 

his son. at Vale in iSoo. 

^ This was one of the tough theological ^ Hon. Theodore Sedgwick, a native of 

points which students had to settle in their West Hartford, Ct., a man eminent in many 

own minds in those days. ways. 

■* Pres. Edwards's treatise on the Religions ' Jeremiah Day, D. D., LL. D., afterwards 

Affections was first published in 1746. President of Yale College from 1817 to 1846. 



1798.] STUDYING THEOLOGY AT STOCKBRIDGE. 6 1 

20. Wrote considerably. In afternoon walked out. People beginning to 
harvest. 

21. Warm. The weather has been ver)' cool for the season and pretty 
wet for about a fortnight. Worked with Dr. West in hay. Tired. 

22. At evening visited Esq. Bacon.' Read the Bible. Dr. West com- 
monly preaches forty-five minutes. 

23. Finished my sermon on Luke xii: 36. We had cucumbers. The 
President of the United States has formally dismissed all French consuls, 
which closes all connection with France. On the i6th Congress closed the 
longest and most important session under our present Constitution. 

24. Read Mason" on Self Knowledge. Mr. Hooker, of Goshen, here. 
Warm. 

25. Wrote a lengthy letter to Esther Robbins ; another to my sister S. 
Finished reading Mason. 

26. Failed of sending my letters. Received a letter from Mr. Tutor Day. 
My piece that I lately wrote for the paper is published in Porcupine's Gazette. 
Began a sermon on Isa. xxviii : 18. 

27. Never had such a view of divine wrath. Unfortunate in composing. 

28. Wrote considerably. Excessive hot. Went into the water. 

29. Mr. Shepard,' of Lenox, preached here. Very warm ; rainy. Read 
some in the Greek Testament. 

30. Rode up to Williamstown. Very kindly received. The new college 
and new meeting-house go on fast. The former good, the latter elegant. 

31. Attended the examination of the Seniors. I examined some.'' Much 
less Democracy here than there was two years ago. 

AUGU?.-. 

1. Examined a good deal. I think I never saw a class pass a better ex- 
amination. All were admitted for degrees ; twenty-eight in all.' At evening 
attended an exhibition of the societies. 

2. Rode down to Stockbridge. Made a visit to Mr. Goodwin's^ at Lenox. 
Ver)' warm. 



' John Bacon, native of Canterbury, Ct., were not able to graduate on Commencement 
graduate of Princeton College, 1765, first a Day were afterwards admitted to the bach- 
minister, and settled over the old South elor's degree. 

Church, Boston, from 1771 to 1775, then an ' The following is fuller information re- 
able lawyer, resident at Stockbridge. specting Mr. Goodwin, of Lenox, spoken of 

- John Mason, of Cheshunt, Hartfordshire, in note under date, Jan. 4, 1796. His name 

Eng. was Joseph Goodwin, and he was the son of 

^ Samuel Shepard, D. D. Benjamin and Hannah (LeBaron) Goodwin. 

* His school-teaching had doubtless fur- He was born in Boston, Dec. 26, 1761, and 

bished up his mind, so that asking questions in 1784 married Susannah Keith, of Easton, 

was easy. Mass. He removed to Lenox in 17S5, where 

-' This was the fourth class graduating at he was engaged in the iron manufacture, and 

Williams College, and was a large advance was president of the Berkshire bank. He 

on the previous classes as to numbers. Mr- represented the town of Lenox in the Massa- 

Robbins states the number as twenty-eight; chusetts Legislature for thirteen years. He 

but on the Triennial Catalogue it stands remced to Hudson, N. Y., in iSll, and died 

thirty. Probably one or two members who there in :S22. 



U2 DIARY OF RKV. THOMAS ROBBiys, D.D. [i/QS. 

3. Quite unwell with my journey. Received a letter from my cousin S. 
P. Robbins. President Willard" not like to live. Un.ible to officiate at 
Commencement. Jerome,'' from Williams Colley;e, came here to study. We 
had green corn. 

4. Finished my sermon on I sa. .\xviii ; 18. RtMl J/d^<7si/u'. 

5. Read considerably. Rainy weather. The missionary ship, Duff, has 
been heard of at Canton. 

6. Finished reading President Edwards's Re/ii^Ious Affections. The Eng- 
lish clergy are making resolves to observe Sabbath better than they have 
done. 

7. Read Toogood's ' answer to Mr. White on Dissenting from the Estab- 
lished Church. Walked out. 

8. Began a sermon on Psalm xlvi : 10. Very hot; last week and this the 
heat of har\-est. Generally in country good. 

9. Finished my sermon I began yesterday. The heat almost makes me 
sick. Can hardly keep about. 

10. Finished reading Toogood. A very growing season. My former 
classmate, B. Fowler,^ called to see me. For three days the heat has been 
excessive. The thermometer at about ninety-two and one half each day. 

11. Almost sick with the heat. 

12. Finished reading the Bible in course, which I began about the begin- 
ning of the last year. 

13. Read President Stiles's' election sermon. Wrote a letter to my friend 
Davis at Somers. 

14. Read some manuscripts between Mr. Bacon' of this town and Dr. 
Hopkins' on the Atonement. 

15. Read Robinson's Proofs of a Conspiracy. Quite warm. Grasshop- 
pers very thick. 

16. Began a sermon on Rom. vii : 24. A cloud seems to be thickening in 
Europe, soon to burst on France. " Ye shall hear of wars," etc. 

17. Steadily warai. Dr. Sargeant's daughter taken very crazy. Walked out. 

18. Finished my sermon on Rom. vii : 24. Went into the water. Received 
a letter from my classmate Denison, tutor at \\"illiams College. 

19. Sickness begins to prevail considerably at Philadelphia. The Presi- 



' President Joseph Willard, of Harvard tages afforded by the Church of England to 

College. His disease, whatever it was, did her communicants. 

not then prove fatal. He lived si.\ years ■* Bancroft Fowler, his classmate at Yale, 

longer, dying in 1S04. afterward Professor at Bangor Theological 

° Amasa Jerome, who was graduated at Seminary. 
Williams that year. The Seniors were dis- ^ This sermon of Pres. Stiles was preached 
missed to prepare for Commencement, and in 17S3, just at the close of the Revolution- 
he c.-ime there probably to write his oration. ary \Var, and was memorable as a hndily pa- 
He was afterwards pastoral New Hartford, triotic and historical production, 
'^'t- '■John liacon, Ksq., already noticed as 
■" Rev. Charles Toogood, a dissenting min- once pastor of the (Jld South Church Bos- 
ister, Nviote a reply to a sermon published by ton. 
Rev. Thomas White, on the religious aci.an- ~ Dr. Samuel Hopkins, of Newport, R. I, 



179S.] STUDYING THEOLOGY AT STDCKBRIDGE. 63 

dent of the United States received with unfeigned respect in all places from 
Philadelphia to his home at Braintree. 

20. Wrote a letter to my friend E. \\'atson, New York. Wrote in ni) 
common-place. Read the History of Popery. 

2\. Wrote to Denison at Williams College. Last night Mr. Williston.' the 
missionary, stayed here. He has the greatest appearance of piety and zeal of 
any man I ever saw. Began a sermon on Isa. .xxvi : 4. 

22. Wrote in the afternoon ; attended the funeral of an elderly man. Till 
now, it has been steadily hot for about three weeks. 

23. Wrote. At noon my friend Davis came here. Just begun to preach. 
Rode to Lenox with him, called, etc. He is courting at Williamstown. 

24. Wrote a piece for the paper here, addressed to the President and 
Trustees of Williams College. Read Robinson's Proofs of a Conspiracy!' 

25. Finished my sermon on Isa. xxvi : 4. Read Robinson. Warm. 
Yellow fever prevails at Philadelphia. 

26. Excessive hot. Read the Bible. I almost fear at times I am out of 
the reach of divine mercy. 

27. Began a sermon on Jer. viii : 20. Wrote home. Read Lowman ^ 
on the Revelation. 

28. Wrote to Davis at Williamstown. Comfortable weather. 

29. On the 27th my piece came out in the paper. Bonaparte is blocked 
up in Corsica by a British fleet. Rebellion high in Ireland. Rebels lost six 
thousand in one battle. Dr. Edwards here. 

30. Finished my sermon on Jer. viii : 20. Cool weather. 

31. Read Lowman.^ An excellent book. Afternoon attended a sacra- 
mental lecture. " The summer is ended," and O may I not add the rest of the 
text with too great propriety. 

September. 

1. Began a sermon on Eph. iv : 24. Finished Robinson's Proofs of a 
Conspiracy. Latis Deo., that that conspiracy has been detected. 

2. Read Lowman. 

3. In the morning my father came here and went on to Williamstown 
with Dr. West. Saw my brother James. 

4. Rode to Williamstown ; very tired. My brother J. admitted into 
college ; passed a good examination. At even attended an exhibition of part 
of the Senior Class. I think I have been injured, but O may I feel that God 
works all things. 

5. The Seniors exhibited very well. In the new meeting-house. An 



' This was doubtless Seth Williston, a a time, but was found not to rest on truth, 

graduate of Dartmouth College in 1791. (See note June S, 1798.) 

- John Robison (not Robinson). Proofs ^ Rev. Moses Lowman, an eminent dis- 
of a Conspiracy against all the Religions and senting minister in England, of the last cent- 
Goz'crnments of Eu7-ope carried on in the Secret ury. Among other works he wrote A Para- 
Meetings of Free Masons, Illnminati, and Read- phrase arid Notes on the Revelation of St. John, 
ing Societies. This book had a great run for London, 1737 and 1791. 



64 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS RGDBINS, D.D. [i/QS- 

agreeable Commencement. Many people. Kindly entertained at Esq. 
Noble's. Saw and conversed with Davis. 

6. Directed my father to propound me for a member of his church next 
Sabbath." I fear I have gone wrong. O for light, particularly the knowledge 
of my own heart. Rode down to Leno.x ; stayed at Mr. Goodwin's. Very 
tired. 

7. Rode down to Stockbridge. At even Dr. West and my father carrfe 
here. The corporation had a hard struggle to reintroduce Dr. Hopkins's 
system as a classic, but could not." 

8. My father went off. Wrote. Read. Rebellion in Ireland nms high. 
The French conduct intolerably everywhere. 

9. Finished reading Lowman on the Revelation. An excellent book. A 
species of Illuminatism in Leyden, near Deerfield. 

10. Pretty warm. Finished my sermon on Eph. iv : 24, which is my tenth, 
and which concludes my study of divinity under an immediate instructor.^ 
Have lived very happily at Dr. West's, and I hope received much good in- 
struction. Parted with him at night affectionately. Board twelve weeks, six- 
teen dollars.* 

11. Rode to Sheffield in the stage; from there home on horseback. 
Sickly at Sheffield. Sickness rages at Philadelphia, New York, New London, 
and some at Boston. Forty thousand said to be moved out of Philadelphia, 
and above fifty die some days.' 

12. Rode out with my father and attended a conference. Much affected. 
Very dry season. 

13. My parents preparing to go their journey ne.xt week. Read some. 
Wrote. 

14. Worked some. Veiy little fruit this fall. 

15. Quite warm. I think this is the best j'ear for Indian corn that I ever 
saw. Set apart this day for fasting and prayer for a preparation for the solemn 
covenant which I expect to enter into tomorrow. 

16. My father preached upon the Qualifications for Communion. I this 
day entered into the most solemn and important covenant that I ever have or 
shall in this world. Last evening my brother A. and wife'' came here to go 
to Plymouth. V^ery hot. 



' Up to this time, notwithstanding all his * This board bill, which probably included 

religious exercises and emotions he has not instruction, shows the simplicities of the old 

felt himself worthy to be a member of the New England times, 

church. ' The yellow fever "raged with unparal- 

= It will be remembered that Hopkins's leled violence in Philadelphia in October, 

System of Divinity was thrown out from being 1762. . . This fever again spread great dev- 

a te.\t-book at Williams College two years astation at Philadelphia in July, 1793, carry- 

btfore. ing off several thousand. It again appeared 

' The old system of theological instruction in October, 1797, and spread its ravages over 

was very short as compared with the modern the northern coast of America in September, 

seminary course. But Mr. Robbins had stud- 179S." — ILiydii's Dictionary of Dates. 

ied before at Mr. Judson's at Sheffield, and a ' They came from Canaan, and stopped 

little at Torringford. over night. 



I79S.] AT HOME AT NORFOLK. 65 

17. This morning my parents, my brother A. and his wife set off for Plym- 
outh in a wagon.' May God give them a prosperous journey. Wrote to 
Uncle Robbins. 

18. Reading the fifth volume of Rollin's Ancient History, which I have not 
read before. 

19. Whitewashed. Finished Rollin. Rained some. The season ver\- dr\-. 

20. Wrote. Not verj' well. Bache,'' a Democratic printer in Philadelphia, 
of the paper Aurora, is dead. The yellow fever rages verj- much in Philadel- 
phia and New York. In the former about fifty or sixty die daily ; in the 
latter about forty. 

21. Rainy. Worked some making a fence. Read Prideaux's Connections. 

22. Rode to Colebrook to see Dr. Edwards. In the afternoon worked 
getting in rowen. 

23. No preaching. I read.' There seems to be some hopeful religious 
attention at Torringford. 

24. Read Prideaux. Cool and dry. Few apples. 

25. Rode with Dr. Edwards to Cornwall through Watertown. The asso- 
ciation began my examination.* 

26. My examination was lengthy (about three and one half hours) and 
particular. Was licensed unanimously to preach the gospel. Mav I never 
forget my insufficiency, and constantly look to the infinite fountain for help. 
This morning there was some frost, which is the first we have had. Afternoon 
rode to \\'arren with Uncle Starr. If it were not God's will that I should 
become a preacher, I trust that I sincerely wished that I might not be 
licensed; but as I was licensed unanimously, I humbly hope that it is God's 
will. Newspaper, under the head of New Haven, Sept. 19th, says: Died 
in this city of a lingering decay, Mr. Ebenezer Lines,' in the eighty-first year 
of his age, well known to the public for his feats of strength and activity in 
his younger days, and for a fund of wit and humor through his whole life. 

27. In the afternoon rode home. Regimental trainings ver}- frequent and 
common. Today at Norfolk. 

28. Pretty cool. Attend to scholars. Made some blackball. 

29. Very cool for the season. In the afternoon rode to Goshen to preach 
by exchange with Jilr. Hooker.' 

30. Felt disagreeably in the morning. Had a pretty good night. Preached 



' The fact that he mentions the wagon, associations were accustomed to do their work 

implies that journeys of this sort were then thoroughly, 
more commonly made on horseback. ' When in college, in New Haven. Mrs. 

^ Benjamin Franklin Bache, whose paper, Jeremiah Townsend, a widow, with wliom the 

the Aurora, opposed Washington in his ad- writer boarded, used to tell out of her own 

ministration, and was now opposing Adams. knowledge and experience (for her memory 

^ He had sermons enough, but he had not reached back before the Revolution) many 

yet been licensed to preach. funny stories of this Mr. Ebe;,ezer Lines. 

■* It was the Litchfield North Association, * Rev. Asahel Hooker, minister at Goshen 

by which he was examined and licensed. from 1791 to iSio, known as an excellent 

The length of his examination shows that the theological teacher. 



66 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROnBIXS. 1>.T>. [l798- 

both parts of the day ; succeeded better than I expected. After I began I 
felt considerable freedom ; trust I had divine assistance. O may I never be 
insensible of the infinite importance of the work, and of my own great 
insufficiency. 

OCTOPER. 

1. Rode home. Quite warm. Sold some fat cattle of my father's." Dys- 
entery prevails considerably in country. 

2. Sickness in our cities seems to increase. It seems to fall remarkably 
upon printers — Bache, editor of the Aurora, Philadelphia, Greenleaf, editor of 
Argus. Xew York, Fenno, editor of Gazette of the United States, Philadelphia, 
Webster, printer at Philadelphia, McLean, an editor of the Mnu York Gazette, 
New York, and some others. 

3. In New London about ten or twelve die in a week. Read Prideaux. 

4. Worked some. Bonaparte is on the sea, and will probably experience 
a reverse of his success. 

5. Worked. Making a walk before the house. 

6. It has been ver)- warm all the week. It rained some. Wrote. Had 
some clothes made. 

7. One of the most rainy days I ever saw, which we wanted very much. 
Preached both parts of the day."" Tired. 

8. Rainy. Dysentery prevails some in the country. Finished my black- 
ball ; ver)- good. 

9. Worked considerably. The weather warm after the storm. 

10. Rode to the south part of the town to attend a conference. Preached. 
Sickness more than ever in our cities. 

11. Wrote. Rode about town. At night we had a great husking. Com 
veiy good universally. I think the best year for it that I ever knew. 

12. Worked considerably. Quite warm. The season dr}^ 

13. Finished our walk before the house. Expected my parents very much ; 
but they came not.^ 

14. Preached all day. A full meeting. At evening had company. 

15. My father had some cattle prized; ver\- low. Young beef sells at 15 
cents a hundred. All produce about as low as -t was eight years ago. 

16. Lyon, of Vermont, has lost his election; and farther, has been tried 
and found guilty of sedition. Sentenced to four months" close imprisonment, 
and to pay a fine of one thousand dollars.' 

17. Yesterday rode down to Litchfield to attend an ordination. Heard 



' By many entries in the diary, it will be ' It was Saturday, and as his father did 

recognized that young Robbins was brought not get home, the consequence was that he 

up to work and to business, as well as to had to preach again the next day, which he 

study. In those days almost all classes of rather dreaded. 

New England people worked with their ■* Mathew Lyon, who personally insulted 

hands. Mr. Roger Griswold, on the floor of Congress. 

- His father was away on his journey to It was easier to convict a man of oolitical 

Plymouth, and he supplied the pulpit. crimes then than now. 



179S.] AT HOME AT NORFOLK. 67 

the examination. A great many ministers, but none asked ' to sit witli the 
council. I was kindly entertained at Esq. Lord's. Attended the ordination of 
Mr. Dan Huntington.' I think the most people I ever saw on a similar 
occasion. Dr. Dana preached. In the afternoon rode home. Towards night 
my parents, brother A. and wife, with my cousin S. P. Robbins, arrived safely 
from Plymouth.^ They have had a verj^ prosperous journey. Laus Deo. 

iS. My Uncle Robbins in a poor state of health. Gillet,* a candidate, 
came here to see us. 

19. Quite cool. Read some strictures on Harvard College. 

20. Rode to my brother's at Canaan. Read a sermon. 

21. Preached for Mr. Farrand, who preached at .Salisbur}'. 

22. Had a serious talk with C. Robbins; in danger of being unfortunately 
connected. Rode home. Very warm. 

23. Read Prideaux. Rainy. There is an account that far-famed Bonaparte 
is captured in a naval engagement. We hope it is true. The French use 
ever)- effort to ruin us by intrigue. Our people grow more united, and more 
exasperated with them. 

24. Finished the third volume of Prideaux. Quite cold. At night Mr. 
Grossman' and his wife came here and lodged. 

25. Worked some. At night Mr. Weeks,' a candidate, came here and 
tarried. 

26. Quite warm. Wrote. Rode out to Canaan and traded. Gave a note. 

27. Expected to have gone to New Marlborough to preach for Mr. 
Stevens ; ' apparently not like to live long. The afternoon being very rainy 
prevented. 

28. Quite rainy all day. My father preached. Yesterday my Aunt Wood- 
bridge ° came here from Warren on a visit. 

29. Rode to Goshen with my aunt ; tarried at Mr. Hooker's. Ver}' cold. 

30. The factions are taken up on the new sedition law. Rode home. 
Wrote to J. Woodbridge,' Stockbridge. 

31. My brother James went off to college at Williamstown. May he be 
carried safely through, and prepared for usefulness in his day. Made extracts 
from ancient histor)'. 



' That is, were asked. There is no fixed tied the next year (1799) in Gilead Parish, 

usage in this respect. Sometimes other min- Hebron, Ct. 

isters are invited, as a matter of courtesy, to ^ Joseph W. Grossman, minister at Salis- 

sit with councils, but certain ministers object bury, Ct. 

to this on the ground of the rules of Congre- ^ Holland Weeks, settled the next year at 

gational propriety. Waterbury, Ct. 

- Rev. Dan Huntington, as before stated, ' Rev. John Stevens, of New Marlbor- 

was the father of Eishop F. D. Huntington, ough, Mass., who died on the 6th of January 

D. D., of Central New York. following. 

^ This was the last time, probably, in ^ His Aunt Woodbridge, left a widow in 

which the brothers. Dr. Chandler Robbins, of Stockbridge, was making a stay now in War- 

Pl^iouth, and Rev. A. R. Robbins, of Nor- ren, with Rev. Peter Starr, who married her 

folk, ever saw each other on earth. sister. 

■•Nathan Gillet, probably, who had just ' J. Woodbridge was the son of Hon. Jah- 

graduated at Williams College, and was set- leel Woodbridge. 



68 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l798- 



kIDKR. 



1. Cold. Trnded some. Received two letters from my friend J. Wood- 
bridge. .Vftcrnoon attended a sacramental lecture. \\'rote. 

2. Last ni.^lit it snowed a good deal. Making out catalogues of ancient 
kings. 

3. For four days now have studied closely. Yesterday our assembly rose.' 
They have incorporated the missionary society." 

4. Came to the holy ordinance of the Lord's .Supper. Had something of 
a sense of my own unworthiness. My father preached in the forenoon and I 
in the afternoon. 

5. Last night it snowed some. Read I'rideau.K. Made an ink-stand. 

6. It continues cold. Read considerably. Worked some. My brother 
A. here. 

7. Had made a good new saddle and saddle-bags. My father pays for 
the saddle ^3 i2.f., and I for the other ;/Ji 5^. Attended a church meeting. 
An ugly ditTiculty. 

8. Rode to Warren. Had riding. There seem to be horse thieves in the 
country. 

9. Rode down to Kent with my Uncle Starr. I never was at Kent 
before. Kindly received. 

10. Visited .some. Afternoon rode back to Warren. Very cold. 

11. Preached for my uncle all day. At evening considerable company 
came in. 

12. Rode home by Canaan. Found that a man had been to get me to go 
and preach at Marlborough.' 

13. Wrote a letter to .Mr. J. Woodbridge. Bonaparte is in Egj-pt. He 
seems to find rather uncomfortable times. 

14. Had some clothes made. Wrote a letter to Miss E. Robbins." 

15. Set out to go and preach at Marlborough. Exclusive of my library, 
which contains upwards of thirty volumes, I have now the use of a horse this 
winter, as my father designs to give me one next spring, a saddle, bridle, and 
saddle-bags new, and a little money. I am in debt about £4 10s. With the 
money I have got keeping school. I have bought the chief of the clothes I have 
had since I left college, and paid Dr. West for my living there. By the help 
of Providence, I hope to be able now to support myself. I came on to New 
Haitford, and saw Baker who was hurt in a scrape at Capt. Austin's on the 
e\ening of the 29th of October, the worst I ever heard of. I came on to 
West Simsbury,' and tarried at Mr. Hallock's.' A great awakening there. I 
pre.iched at night at conference. .A. surprising seriousness and attention. 
Trust I was assisted. Some sweetly trembling and praising souls stayed and 



' This was the fall session, meeting about ' Marlborough, Ct. 

tlu- niiddie of October. -i Esther Robbins, of Canaan. 

■ rhc Connecticut Missionary Society, s Xow Canton center. 

Hhicli was the earliest of the .St.-ite mission- >• Rev. Jeremi.-ih Hallock, already noticed. 

ar>- societies in this country. .\ man o£ l.irgc intlurnce. 



1798-] PREACHING AT MARLIiOROUGII, CT. 69 

conversed till near midnight. O may the great work prevail and spread over 
all the land. And all the praise be to God. 

16. Mr. Gillet," of Torrington, also at Mr. Hallock's. After some converse 
in the morning with three young women who tarried all night, and with the 
family, came off. I never witnessed such a scene before. A turnpike road is 
made from New Hartford to Hartford. Very good. Crossed the ferry at 
Wethersfield;^ bad. Arrived at Marlborough, about twenty miles from Hart- 
ford, at dusk in safety.' 

17. This is a society formed of three towns in three counties.* The towns 
are Hebron, Colchester, and Glastonbury. 

18. Last night there was considerable thunder. Rainy. Preached. A 
thin meeting. Very tired. The last week has been ver)' good weather, and 
the snow went off in the beginning. 

19. Quite rainy. The account is confirmed that Admiral Nelson has 
obtained a victory over the French fleet,' though Bonaparte was not in it. I 
live at a certain Mr. Carter's. A good house. Began a sermon on Psalm 
ciii : 2 for Thanksgiving. 

20. Began to read in the Bible at Psalms. O may I retain. It snowed 
here all day. Wrote. 

21. Wrote. Considerable snow. Began to read Morse's Universal Geog- 
raphy!' Cold. 

22. Finished my Thanksgiving sermon. Read the Bible. 

23. Read Morse. Walked out. Pretty good sleighing. 

24. Read and wrote. May I be prepared for the approaching Sabbath. 
Bought me a new Psalm Book. 

25. Rode to meeting. People here appear ver)- hard. Talked very seri- 
ously with a young lady in the house. In future, when I am silent about it, it 
may be taken for granted that on the Sabbath I preached all day. 

26. Many rejoicings in England for their late naval victory. Rode to 
Hebron, saw Mr. Basset,' and my classmate King. Came back through 
Gilead. 

27. Quite warm. The snow thaws considerably. Began a sermon on 
Jer. viii : 22. 

28. Rode out. Wrote considerable. Read Bible. 



' Rev. Ale.xander Gillet. * Dr. Jedediah Morse, of Charlestown, a 

- Marlborough, whither he was journey- native of Woodstock, Ct., graduate of Yale 
ing, was southeast from Hartford, and his 17S3, published a small geography in 17S4. 
path would run naturally through Wethers- His larger work in two volumes was pub- 
field, lished in 1793, ^"'^ '" many future editions. 

^ From West Simsbury (Canton) to Marl- He is known as father of American geog- 

borough was a day's journey of not far from raphy. 
forty miles. ' Rev. Amos Basset, D. D., was a gradu- 

■* The three counties were Hartford, New ate of Yale in 1784, and received his title of 

London, and Tolland. D. D. from Williams College in 1817. He 

' The battle of the Nile was fought Aug. was pastor at Hebron from 1794 to 1S24. 

I, 1798. He was a native of Derby, Ct. 



yo DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROlililNS, D.D. ['TQS. 

29. Had a pretty lenL;tliy exercise. Quite warm. The most pleasant 
Thanksgiving ' we have had for years. The snow in a great measure gone. 
Blessed be God that we have such great reason for thankfulness. O for 
hearts. 

30. Slept very poorly last night. Wrote home. This society requested 
me to continue with them till the hrst of next April. I gave the committee 
some encouragement of staying. May God direct me in every undertaking. 
Have nervous feelings. 

December. 

1. Wrote considerable. At night almost overwhelmed with the weight of 
the ministerial work. 

2. It snowed considerably. People iiere attend meeting pretty well. 
Very nervous. 

3. The late naval action took place in Rosetta Bay, in one of the mouths 
of the Nile. The English had twehe ships and two frigates ; the French 
thirteen ships and four frigates. Never a more complete victorv. Of 
the French ships, nine were taken, two blown up, and two escaped; frigates, 
one burnt, one sunk, and two escaped. Nelson the hero. Rode down to 
West Chester" alias Pine Swamp, and made visit to Mr. Robbins;' also to 
Colchester and agreed to exchange with Mr. Cone next Sabbath. 

4. Began a sermon on Psalm Ixxx : 14-15. Had a scholar come to study 
with me. 

5. Wrote. Some people in to see me. The library of the society* is 
brouglit to this house. Read some. 

6. F'inished my sermon on Psalm Ixxx: 14-15. Preached a lecture pre- 
paratory to the sacrament. It snowed. Received some money. 

7. Wrote some. Have considerable many visitors. 

8. Rode to Colchester to exchange with jMr. Cone.' Afternoon it snowed. 

9. Very cold and stormy all day. Very thin meeting. 

10. Last night one of the most tedious snow-storms we ever have. Rode 
back to Marlborough. Cold. 

n. Set out early to ride home. I believe the coldest day we have had. 
The snow about one and one half feet deep, and \-ery little road. Arri\etl at 
Mr. Hallock's, West Simsbury, at dusk. Attended an evening lecture. Dr. 
Edwards' preached. A ministers' meeting there. 

12. The ministers censured my dress.' Rode home. A very poor path 

' As to the state of the weather, he prob- country parish owned a parish library in 

ably means. '79S> 

^ Usually spelled Westchester, a parish in ' Rev. Salmon Cone, pastor at Colchester 

the town of Colchester. 1792-1830. A graduate of Yale 1789. 

^ Rev. Robert Robbins, a graduate of Yale ' I3r. Jonathan Edwards, of Colebrook. 

1760, p.astor at Westchester from 1764 to ' Probably because of his particularity in 

1S04. He was probably a descendant of the matter of his dress. But a young man 

Tohn Robbins, of Wethersfield, and if re- who had made such a winter journey on 

lated at all to Thomas Robbins, only very horseback about forty miles, in e.vtremcly 

distantlv. '^old weather, and through untrodden snow, 

" It is interesting to notice that this plain need not be considered effeminate. 



1798.] PREACHIXG AT MARLBOROUGH, CT. 7 1 

all the way. I never was more fatigued with any journey. I froze both ears. 
I crossed the river at Hartford j-esterday in a boat. 

13. Traded considerably. Rode out to Canaan in a sleigh. \\'armer. At 
evening it snowed. 

14. Snow very deep here ; almost two and one half feet generally. At the 
westward deeper still. Assisted in making my father's rate bill. 

15. Rode to my brother A's in Canaan, and back in a sleigh. Cold. 
Ver)- good sleighing. My father rode up to New Marlborough, to preach for 
Mr. Stevens' in a dying state. 

16. Preached. Extreme cold and windy. I suppose on account of my 
e.xercise and labor the week past, I have not felt so healthy and strong for a 
long time. 

17. My cousin S. P. Robbins" in a school at Goshen. At evening we had 
some letters from my brother Tames ^ at Williams College. Wrote some. 

18. Had a pair of socks made. 

ig. Had some clothes made by Warren, of Canaan. X. B. I suppose he 
took some cabbage* Made a visit at Mr. Adams's. My friend J. ^^'oodbridge 
came to my fathers and brought his brother Timothy' to live. The i5t,h, i6th, 
17th days there was such a blast of wind from the northwest as I hardly ever 
knew. Happily, the snow being covered with a little crust, lay still. 

20. Set out for Marlborough. Rode to West Simsbury-. The road con- 
siderably filled up. At evening preached at Mr. Hallock's. The awakening 
appears as powerful as ever. We had a very solemn meeting. Many tears. 
O that the flame might spread to this place and to all places, for the sake 
of Christ. 

21. Comfortable weather. Bought a number of books in Hartford. Good 
sleighing and a great deal of business doing. Crossed the river on the ice at 
Rocky Hill.' At dusk arrived safely at Marlborough, my desired haven ; very- 
tired. O for gratitude. 

22. Wrote considerably. Read some. Settled my disordered things. 
Made some ink. Read Young's Alg/if Thoughts. 

23. Quite stormy. Read some. I live in an excellent family. Opposi- 
tion appears in Congress at the beginning of the session. 

24. Wrote steadily. Very good sleighing. I don't like this part of the 
State as well as western. 



' Rev. John Stevens, who died in the ne.xt ' Timothy Woodbridge, son of Hon. Jah- 

month, Jan. 6. 1799. He had been only a leel Woodbridge, of Stockbridge. He was 

little more than four 5'ears settled in New born Nov. 22, 17S3, and was now nearly si.\- 

Marlborough. teen years old. He was brought to be fitted 

- Samuel Prince Robbins, son of Dr. for college. He was graduated at Williams 

Chandler Robbins, of Pl)-mouth. He had in 1812, and afterwards settled at Green 

graduated at Harvard, a few months before. River, N. Y. 

^ James Watson Robbins, now in his ^ Rocky Hill is five or six miles southerly 

Freshman year at Williams College. from Hartford, on the west side of the Con- 

* Mr. Robbins rarely, in his diary, in- necticut River, over against the southern part 

dulges in a joke; but this maybe accepted of Glastonbury, where Dr. Calvin Chapin was 

as something in that direction. • so long pastor. 



72 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l798- 

25. Fini>hed my sermon on Jer. viii : 22. At evening walked out. 

26. Bey;an a sermon on I'salm xc : 9. Rode out. It is an unhappiness 
that there arc about six respectable families in this place who are churchmen. 

27. Wrote. In sermonizing I commonly write about a page in an hour. 
Warm, and it thaws considerably. Read Thomson's Seasons. 

2S. Mr. Huntington," the former minister here, called to see me. At night 
visited a rich, stupid, f'oor old man. 

29. On the 25th wrote a letter to Lewis Adams, Hartford, ^^'rote consid- 
erably. Rainy. Mr. .Vsa A. Mills and wife from Norfolk, called to see me. 

30. (.luite blustering. Preached very seriously. The people here appear 
serious, but secure. I think there has not been greater preparations for war 
in Kurope since the beginning of the present war than now. 

31. Made several visits. Rode to Easthampton (Chatham) and saw Mr. 
West." minister there. Had some dispute with a churchman. Thus "another 
year" rolled over Tiiy head. A retrospective view certainly ought to fill me 
with shame and humilitv. 



' Rev. David Huntington, a graduate of - Rev. Joel West, a graduate o£ Dartmouth 

Dariniomh i-jt,, minister at Marlborough 17S9, minister at East Hampton 1792-1825, 
1776-1797, a native of Lebanon, Ct. a native of Columbia, Ct. 



IT'S e. 

JANUARV. 

1. Finished my last year's diary-. Attempted to fast and pray. Cor- 
ruptions of heart ver}- great. Wrote a long letter to two young ladies in the 
house. Misses J- and E. Carter. Wrote a letter home. Snowed considerable 

2. Mr. Mills from Norfolk called here, going home. Wrote. Read 
Thomson's Seasons. 

3. Finished my sermon on Psalm xc : 90. It snowed considerably. 
Company here from abroad. 

4. Began a sermon on Mark xvi : 16. The text given me by a friend. 
Good sleighing as can well be. 

5. Very cold. Mr. Carter has cut an oak-tree, and brought it up for 
wood, which had in a hollow in the upper part a root of spikenard, now alive, 
having grown two summers at least. Wrote. 

6. Snowed a little. Weather very severe. At evening had company. 
France seems to be losing strength as fast as she ever got it. Commodore 
Warren has beat them in a sea fight.' 

7. Visited some. Read. Too much given to levity. 

8. Wrote steadily. Weather moderates. Finished reading Thomson's 
Seasons. 

9. Last night it snowed some. Rode to Gilead in a single sleigh. Saw 
my classmate King,^ now preaching there. 

I o. Rode back to Marlborough. Weather very pleasant ; thaws consid- 
erably. Received a letter from my father. Snow at Norfolk nearly four 
feet deep. 

11. Wrote considerably. Quite warm. 1 think I never wrote easier than 
now lately. 

12. Wrote all day. Snow goes very fast. Feel very unfit for the great 
work to which I am called, of preaching the gospel. 

13. It snows some. People here prettv' good to attend meeting. 

14. Wrote, endeavoring to make some records of this church, which must 
be taken by verbal accounts.^ The sleighing is gone. 

15. Rode with the school visitors, and saw the schools in the society. 
Read Robinson's'' j^/wyjf of a Co?ispiracy. 



■ Oct. 12, 1798, a French fleet of nine this business for some time, as will be seen 

ships carrj-ing troops to Ireland was attacked by later entries. In some cases he had to 

by Sir John Borlasse Warren, and five of gather the facts by personal inquiry, 

the ships were captured. ■♦ This was not Robinson, but John Robi- 

' Rev. Salmon King, his classmate at son, who wrote a book entitled. Proofs of a 

Yale. He was a native of Vernon, Ct. In Cotispiracy against all the Rfligians and Ccrj- 

i8co he was settled in Manchester, Ct. ernmcnts of Europe, etc., which was after- 

' The church records in Marlborough had wards regarded as a false alarm. (See pre- 

been neglected. Mr. Robbins wrought at vious notes.) 



74 PIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l799- 

i6. Visited the other schools. There .are live in the society. Bad riding. 
Read. 

17. Had the headache liard. Wrote some. .\t night quite sick. 

18. So unwell unable to study. Visited all day. Quite warm. 

19. Wrote to my Uncle Robbius. Afternoon rode to Gilead to exchange 
with Mr. King. 

20. It rained some. There appears to be but little religion in the world. 

21. It snowed considerably. Rode back. Visited. Quite cold. 

22. Wrote ail day. At night finished reading Robinson's Proofs. An 
excellent book. 

23. Wrote. Got a bad tremor by a little violent e.xercise. Read consid- 
erably. 

24. Wrote a good deal. Read some in Col. Humphrey's' works. At 
night it snowed some. 

25. Rode out and visited some old people in the societv. There are several 
people here past eighty, and some over ninety years. I li\e in a verj- .agree- 
able family. 

2C. Finished my long sermon on Mark .\vi: 16. Rainy. Verv little 
sleighing. 

27. In the morning it rained hard. .Mr. Skinner," a native of this place. 
late minister at Coventr}-, preached for me in the afternoon. 

28. Rode to Lebanon. Visited Mr. Gurley/ Exeter society, and tarried 
with Mr. Ely at the old society. Quite cold. 

29. \"isited Mr. Brockway' at Lebanon Crank. Saw some college friends 
studying law at Hebron. Rode back to .Marlborough. Began a sermon on 
Isa. xli : 21. 

30. Awakening ver}- great and remarkable at Hartford. Was called to see 
a woman ver\- sick. 

31. Wrote some. Had company. Something of the headache. Read in 
the History of Peter the Great. 

February. 

1. Wrote fast all day. At evening walked out. Mr. Vstxry,' of Rich- 
mond, and his wife came Jiere on a \-isit. 

2. Finislied my sermon on Isa. xli : 2 1. Began another on James iii : 19. 



Co David Humphreys, son of Kcv. had been settled at North Coventry 1794- 

Danicl Humphreys, minister of Derby, Ct., ,798, and was now dismissed. 

'Pv ', ;■ .V"'' ''"'"'^''^^^-" "'^^ graduated ^ j,,,.. j^^n Gurlev, a graduate of Yale 

a. ^ ale College ,n .77., was aid to Gen. College, ,773, minister in Lebanon, Ct. (Exe- 

srael Putnam, and to Gen. Washington. ter Parish), 1775-1S,.. He was the father 

He was aftenvards Mmister to Portugal and of Rev. Ralph R Gurlcy 

spam. He was the author of a Li/c of Putnam, ^ Rev. Thomas Brockway, minister at Lel> 

and ot many miscellaneous writings in poetry anon Crank (now Columbia), .77-1S07 

and ijrosc. , „ ta ■ , x, 

; T, ,. „,, r. T k u , T J ^, . ' "■ ^^'■'^'^ Perry, a nauve of Hunting- 

lhis«.is Rev. IchabodLord Sknmer, a ton Ct aradmip ,if v,i„ ,-, • ■. . 

•n.t, ,•.,,. „.• \- 1 ■ 1 , , ■- !•■ graauate of \ ale, 1772, minister at 

i,r.aduatc ol \ale m the class of .793, ,vho Richmond, Mass., 1784-1816. 



1799-] PRE-\CHIXG AT MARLBOROUGH, CT. 75 

3. Last night a pretty deep snow fell. Mr. Perr\^ refused to preach." 
Ver\- tired. 

4. Rode out. Wrote home. Wrote to Dr. West, of Stockbridge. Pretty 
cold. Good news of awakenings in Litchfield County. 

5. Good sleighing. Rode and visited. Wrote some. 

6. Finished my sermon on James iii : ig. Began another on Rom. xiii: 
13. Quite pleasant. 

7. Wrote some. Afternoon preached a private lecture. Ver}- cold. 
Read Mr. Pickering's" report on French affairs. 

8. Wrote all day. At evening walked out. At night it began to rain. 

9. Very rainy all day. The snow gone. At night read Davies's ^ sermons. 

10. People here ver)- attentive, though no special seriousness. I hope I 
have killed the half way practice in baptism here.'' Talked veiy seriously with 
young women in the house. 

11. Rode out and ^-isited. Read the History of Peter the Gnat. 

12. Received a letter from Mr. U'est,' of Easthampton. Had company. 
Was called to see a young woman in a dying state. O my stupidity ! Cold. 

13. Wrote some. The young woman I went to see last night is gone. 
Had company. 

14. \lx. Morgan,' minister at North Canaan, called to see me. He tells 
me my Aunt Woodbridge is not like to live long. Rode to Easthampton, 
preached a sacramental lecture, and returned. 

15. Began a sermon on Job xiv : 2. Attended the funeral of Lucv Car- 
rier. Ver\- many people. Cold and tedious. 

16. Finished my sermon on Job xiv : 2. At evening read. 



' It was hardly fair to hinder a young min- use, without, it would appear, any formal ac- 

ister by visiting and then not preach for him. tion of the church upon the subject. 

- Timothy Pickering, a native of Salem, "The following anecdote is given on the 

born in 1746. From 1795 '" 'Soo he was authority of Mr. Cone: 'While the society 

United States Secretary- of State. was holding their meeting to vote on the 

-' Rev. Samuel Davies, President of Prince- question of his settlement, and the memb-.-rs 

ton College. of the church were assembled by themselves 

■* The half-way covenant plan of baptism in one of the perns, to act on the same que>- 
and church-membership was widely going out tion, a member of the society casting his eves 
of use in the closing years of the last centun,-, toward the little company, inquired whether 
and the opening years of the present. To the same number of persons could not be 
show the condition to which the half-way picked from among them equal in all re- 
covenant had reduced the church in the spects to those church-members. A vencr- 
neighboring town of Colchester, we copy the able member of the societv by the name of 
following from the Contributions to the Eccle- Wright, made the laconic reply, ' Vou need 
siastical History of Connecticut, p. 364 : not pick.' To so low a state was the church 

"In a paper submitted by the church to reduced in point of numbers and standing.'' 
Mr. Cone for his assent, as a condition of his - Rev. Joel West, already noticed, 

settlement " (Mr. Salmon Cone was settled ^ Rev. Solomon Morgan, a native of Gro- 

there in 1792), "it is stated that the half-way ton, minister in North Canaan from 1798 to 

covenant had been a standing regulation of his death in 1804. He had been previou.sly 

the chtu-ch from the time of its organization settled in Canterbury, Ct, and in Sterling, 

(1703), but during his ministry it went out of Connecticut. 



j6 niARV OK REV. THOMAS ROr.BINS, D.D. [l799- 

17. It snowed most all day. Very tired with preaching. 

18. Rode to Manford. Diificulty in crossing the ferry. A great awaken- 
ing there. .\ttended a conference I very full. Prayed, etc. Many under the 
iiinsi powerful conviction : and many rejoicing Christians. Very kindly en- 
tertained at Mr. .Strong's. O that the glorious work may become universal. 
Recei\ed a letter from my father, announcing the melancholy death of my 
dear .\uiu Woodbridge." .She died on the 9th instant. 

19. ^rr. Strong, of Hartford, is a Free Mason; but he gave me as great 
an impression of their ridiculous frivolities as I have ever had. Dr. Hopkins.^ 
of Xewport. has lately been stnick with a fit of the numb-palsy. Returned. 
Bought some liooks. Became acquainted wiili Mr. Lockwood,' of Glaston- 
bury. Read Alvhinl and E/nisu.' 

20. Began a sennon on Ps. XXV : ti. Rode out in a sleigh. 

2\. Rode with the visitors, and saw the scliools. Read Ahclarii and Eloisa. 

2 2. Wrote considerably. .Vt evening walked out. In the forenoon quite 
rainy. Snowed some. 

2^. Wrote ten pages. Mnished my sermon on Ps. xxv : 11, and the one 
on Rom. xiii : 13. Very cold. 

24. 1 fear mv sermon on James ii: 19 has given some offence. I fear I 
ha\o not a talent like some of delineating truth without offending. 

25. Rode in a sleigh and visited two schools. Quite cold. "Died at 
Warren, on the 9th instant, of a lingering illness, Mrs. Hannah Woodbridge, 
in the forty-eightli year of her age ; widow of the Hon. Jahleel Woodbridge, 
of Stockbridge, and daughter of the Rev. Philemon Robbins, of Eranford, 
deceased. Her funeral was attended the Sabbath after, and a sennon 
preached on the occasion from Isa. h ii : 15, first clause, \>y the Rev. Mr. 
Robbins, of Norfolk." — Connecticut Courant for February 2jt/i. 

2C1. Read. Wrote. Afternoon rode out and visited a number of places. 

27. Read. \\'rote a piece for publication in the paper. At evening 
walked out. It snowed considerably. 

2S. \\"rote making records for the church in tliis place. Finished reading 
Eloisa and Abelard. Traded sotue. Wrote to Mr. Cone, of Colchester. 

March, 

I. Began a sermon on Isa. xlvi : 10. At evening rode out in a sleigh 
with company. 



• \Vc may recall facts which have alreadj' what we should now call paralysis. He was 

been stated, that Mrs. Woodbridge w.as Han- for a time tmable to use his lower limbs, but 

nah Rebekah, daughter of Rev. Thilemon was partially restored so that he preached, 

Robbins. Her first marriage was with Rev. and lived about four years longer. 
John Keep, minister of .Sheffield, M.ass., who ^ j.p.j, William Lockwood, settled at Glas- 

died in 1-S5, at the .ige of thirty-five. Her tonbury 1797-1S04, a man of remarkable 

second marriage was with Hon. J.^hleel learning for his time. He was son of Rev. 

Woodbridge, of Stockbridge, Mass., who James Lockwood, of Wethersfield. 
died a few years belbre her own death, which ■• Tlic Lives of Abdard and Eloisa, with the 

occurred, as above given, Feb. 9, 1799. original letters, had been published in Lon- 

■ Dr. Samuel Hopkins was at this time don in 17S4, in quarto. This was probably 

seventy-eight \ ears old. His disease was the work that Mr. Robbins read. 



l-jgg.] PREACHING AT MARLBOROUGH, CT. 77 

2. Wrote. Afternoon my brother N.' came here to make me a visit. 
Very good sleighing. Received a letter from ]\Ir. Abraham Hall, of Vermont, 
requesting me to go up there and preach. 

3. Pleasant weather, and full meeting. Very tired. 

4. i\Iy brother went off. Quite cold. Visited. Froze one of my ears. 
Wrote some. There is an account that Bonaparte is assassinated in Egypt. 
Perhaps a philanthropist would wish it true." 

5. Extreme cold. Probably the most severe we have had all winter. 
Afternoon much distressed with a pain in my jaw. 

6. My jaw pained me. Wrote to Hudson and Goodwin, Hartford. Went 
to see the school near by. Excellent sleighing. 

7. Weather more moderate. Wrote all day. Evening walked out. 

8. It thaws considerably. Wrote. Finished my sermon on Isa. .\hi : 10. 
At evening visited. 

9. It rained considerably. Began a sermon on Eccl. xii : i. Quite 
unwell. 

10. Pretty full meeting. I preached upon Decrees.^ People gave \ery 
great attention. 

n. The Fifth Congress of the United States came to a close on the 
Sal'liaf/i, 3d day. New ambassadors are appointed to go to France. Rode to 
Hebron, visited Mr. Basset, and at Gilead Mr. King. Rode back. 

12. Last night it snowed a little. Very cold and tedious. Wrote some. 
Had company. 

13. Wrote considerably. I think people in this part of the State are not 
generally so orderly and regular as in the western. 

14. Last night the snow fell about twelve inches; the deepest we have had 
all winter. The committee of the society came to see me. It seems to he the 
general wish that I should settle here. I cannot think it to be duty. My 
age.* health, improvements, etc., are not sufficient. 

15. Wrote some. Steady cold weather. They have given Mr. King a call 
to settle at Gilead. 

16. Finished my sermon on Eccl. xii: i. Began another on Esther \\- -. i6. 
Pleasant weather. Yesterday wrote a piece for publication, and sent it to 
Hartford. 

17. I accidentally threw off the cushion at the meeting-house. The \oung 
people appear serious ;' but I fear nothing special. Read the proclamation 
for a Fast. 

18. Wrote to Esq. Foot, of this society, a churchman ; and to Mr. Cone, of 
Colchester. Mr. King has given them a negative at Gilead.' Quite cold. 



' Nathaniel Robbins. ' He was twenty-one. 

° In 1799 Americans looked at Bonaparte ' This is a somewhat unexpected sentence 

almost wholly through English eyes. to follow the previous one. 

^ A common topic for sermons and theo- ^ As before stated he settled in the min- 

logical discussions in those days, but seldom istry at Manchester, Ct., and was there from 

brought up in the pulpit now. iSoo to iSoS. 



78 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBDIXS, D.D. [l799- 

19. Wrote. It thaws some. H.id company. 

20. Wrote considerably. It rained. Had company. 

21. Finisiicd my sermon on Estiier iv : 16. Quite rainy. 

22. This day is Fast through this .State. Preached. I'retty tired. May 
God be entreated by his people. 

23. Snow mostly gone. Began a sermon on Ps. li : 17. Rode to 
Hebron' to exchange with Mr. Basset.' 

24. Pretty cold. Had a full meeting. They sing here excellently. At 
evening went to a singing meeting. 

25. Rode back. Visited some. Ven,- bad riding. Winter breaking up. 

26. Ver\- warm. Rode to Lebanon^ from Hebron with Mr. Basset. 
Attended a ministers' meeting; eight ministers. By special desire I preached. 
Full meeting. The ground very open. 

27. Afternoon rode back to Marlborough in the rain. A bad time, but got 
home well. I think I never lived in a family which seemed so much like 
home as this. 

28. Wrote considerably. It snowed some. Pretty cold. 

29. Went with the visitors to the schools. Disputed considerably with 
Esq. Foot, a churchman. 

30. People here say we have had the longest and coldest winter we have 
had for many years. It is doubtless tnie. There is a ver\- great and general 
cry for hay ; I think more than last year, or the year before. Finished my 
sermon on Ps. li : 17. 

31. Pleasant weather. Full meeting. Appointed the concert of prayer to 
be attended on the usual time. 

AiRlL. 

1. Quite warm. Rode over to East Hampton,' and back. Visited. 
.Many cattle die in different places. 

2. Wrote in the records. Afternoon attended concert of prayer, the first 
time in this place.-' It rained considerably. 

3. \\'rote a piece for publication. Quite cold and tedious. It rained 
considerably. 

4. \\'rote to Hudson and Goodwin, Hartford.' Had an agreeable inter- 
view. Began sermon on Matt, xviii: 7. 



' Marlborough adjoins Hebron on the time, filling the office from 17S3 to 1S23. 

west side of the Hebron line. The Mailbor- He was tlie father of Ezra Stiles Ely, D. D., 

ough pulpit had recently been left vacant by of Philadelphia. 

the unexpected resignation of Rev. David ■* A parish in the town of Chatham, some 

Huntington, w'ho had been pastor there ten miles from Hebron, passing through 

twenty-one years. Marlborough. 

- Amos Basset, D. D., was the able min- ' The concert of prayer used then, it 

ister of Hebron from 1794 to 1S24. He was seems, to be held on Tuesday. .Some years 

graduated at Yale in 17S4. later it was on Monday, and soon it was gen- 

3 Lebanon was east from Hebron, about erally fi.\ed for Sunday evening, and by com- 

ten miles over a hilly country. Rev. Zebu- mon usage remained so. 

Ion Ely was the pastor at Lebanon, at that ^ Printers in Hartford, Ct. 



1 799-] PREACHIXG AT MARLBOROUGH, CT. 79 

5. Wrote steadily all day. At even walked out. 

6. Rode out and visited. The ground settles fast. Finished my sermon 
on Matt, xviii : 7. It is supposed that we have had one of the longest winters 
within the memon,- of man. It has also been \erx severe. I never knew so 
much sleighing, or such a complaint for hay. Great quantities of grain and 
vegetables have been given to cattle, but still numbers die." 

7. Rode to Easthampton and back. Exchanged with Mr. West." Fine 
weather. 

8. The French make great progress in Italy. Quite warm. People do 
not so generally attend Freemen's Meeting as at tlie westward. Rode out. 
Wrote in church records. 

9. ^^■rote. Prett}- cool. Finished reading Voltaire's History of Peter the 
Great} 

10. Wrote a piece for publication. Walked out. 

11. Began a sermon on Rev. xxii : iS. 19. Received forty dollars'* from 
this society. Visited. 

12. 'Wrote all day; eleven pages, the most I ever did in one day. At 
evening visited. 

13. Finished my sermon on Rev. xxii : 18, 19. Disputed with a Methodist. 

14. Had a very full and attentive meeting. Sung a part of Pope's 
Messiah^ in public. Very fine w-eather. 

15. Prett}- warm. Spring seems to be coming on. Visited. A pretty 
sickly time. Warm weather qpming on after so long and se\ere a winter pro- 
duces fevers. 

16. Finished with the church records. I have done much more to them 
than I expected. Fixing for my journey. Had an agreeable and I hope 
useful interview with two young ladies in the house. 

17. Received thirteen dollars of the society. I have preached here twenty- 
one Sabbaths. One I gave them. My wages for twenty are one hundred 
dollars.^ They have paid me sevent)% and owe me thirt}\ I feel disagreeably 
in leaving this societ}-, but think it best, and dut}-. Took an affectionate 
leave of Mr. Carter's familv where I have lived. I think I have never lived 



' With the present great resources of the shillings, and pence. Now he reckons in 
countr)- and with ever}- transit, such a calam- dollars. His change, in this respect, prob- 
ity would not be likely to occur, except in the ably corresponds with the change in society 
new fields of the West. about him. 

^ Rev. Joel West, minister at East Hamp- 5 -phe words were probably set to some 

ton from 1792 to his death 1S25. A graduate anthem. But we have now in some of our 

of Dartmouth College in 17S9. hjTnn-books for church use, the grand lines 

^ His Histoire dc Pierre le Grand, not so from the Messiah beginning. 



'Rise, crowned with light, imperial Salem, i 



commonly read now as his Histoire de Charles 
XII. 

* In 1796, when young Robbins had com- ' Five dollars a Sabbath would be small 

pleted his college course, he added up his pay now, but relatively the pay was then bet- 
e-iqjenses, and stated the result in pounds, ter than it is in many country parishes today. 



So DIARV OK REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. LI799- 

in a more a,i;rccabIo family.' I ha\e .spLiU a miicli happier winter than I 
expected. Laiis D<o. I don't know that I have done any real good to that 
people, or that one soul is better. () for humility! Came on to Hartford. 
Dined at Mr. .Strong's.' The awakening at Hartford still continues. There 
is reason to hope for one hundred and fifty. It also spreads in Wethersfield, 
Farniington. Simsbur)-, etc. Quite warm. 'J'arried at Marshall's tavern in 
Northington.^ 

iS. lireakfasted with Mr. Hawley." Missed my road. Arrived home 
safely, and found all well. Dad riding through the woods. Rode some of the 
way on snow path, fonsiderable snow now here. A cry for hay is universal. 
I tiiink the season is more than a fortnight forwarder at Marlborough than it 
is here. It has been a pretty good season for sugar. 

)(> Paid the merchant a debt of more Ihan twenty dollars. Awakenings 
are in tiie greater part of the towns of this country. La us Deo. 

zo. Quite cold. Read some. Wrote an addition to my sermon on De- 
crees. .\wakenings are very great. Jt is beginning in Norfolk with power. 
I believe there never was a greater work of (iod in this land ; perhaps not so 
universal as in 1741 and '42, but where it is, more powerful and more 
evidently the work of God only. It is evidently "the still small voice." It is 
in about half of the towns of this county, and perhaps nearly as great a part 
of the county of Hartford. Let all the glory- be to him. to whom only it 
belongs. And may his grace never depart from us.' 

2\. Preached on the Divine Decrees. Peoj^ gave great attention. After- 
noon I was more than an hour in sermon. Verv tired.'" Unalile to attend the 
conference in the e\ening. 

2i. Very cold for the season. Quite a melancholy time. Bought the 
horse which I have had the past winter for about fifty dollars. Traded some. 
Mv brother Ammi" came here. 



' This was the family of Mr. Eieazer c.xtrmporc preacher, but with elements of 

Carter. None of his descendants are now graphic power. 

living in Marlljorough, but a son of his ^ "The era of modern revivals dates from 

brother, Ch,irlcs Carter, now (18S4) ninety- the year 1792. During all the closing years 

four years old, is living, and his son, Charles of the last century', and as many of the pres- 

Carter, Jr., is one of the present deacons of ent, revivals were very general, not only in 

the church. _ this State, but throughout New England." — 

= Ur. Nathan Strong, of Hartford, tlien Contributions to the Eccl. Hist, of Connecticut, 

one of the foremost ministers in New Eng- p. 199. 
land. ' It was but natural that the young minis- 

' The ancient town of Farmington liad a ter, fresh home, should preach in his father's 

parish on the south cilled Southington, and pulpit. He is yet only twenty-one years old. 

on the north called Northington. The south- It was not inconsistent with the thought and 

cm part is now the town of Southington, and habit of those days that he should preach on 

\ rthington is now the town of Avon. the "Divine Decrees." even in a time of re- 

' Rev. Rufus ILawley was one of the half ligious awakening. 
ci.i'.a:ry ministers of Connecticut. lie was " He then resided in Canaan, adjoining 

icitk-d \\\ .\von in 1769, and remained till his Norfolk on the west, but a few years later 

death in 1821'). He was a plain and simple removed to Colebrook, just east of Norfolk. 



1 799-] -^T HOME AT NORFOLK. 8l 

23. Worked some. Rode into Canaan and back.' Yesterday I received 
a letter from Mr. Bogue, of Winchester. My Uncle Starr came here. 

24. Rainy. I am under great obligations to respect my dear Aunt Wood- 
bridge." Rode to Winchester.^ 

25. Preached for Mr. Bogue. This is the day appointed by the President 
of the United States for a general Fast." May our feeble attempts at worship 
be acceptable to the Most High. Yesterday I caught a bad cold. Quite 
unwell, particularly with a pain in my jaw. Rode home. 

26. Last night my pain in my jaw was very severe. Traded considerably. 

27. Wrote to Mr. Mills, of Torringford. Rainy. Quite sick with my ague 
all day. 

28. Not able to sit up but little ; at times my pain is quite severe. O for 
resignation. 

29. Quite unable to sleep nights. Spring seems to come on. Received a 
letter from Mr. Jeremiah Mills,' of Torringford. 

30. Pleasant weather. Am some relieved of my pain, blessed be God. 
H;ive scarcely had so sick a turn for years. Attended the funeral of a cliild. 
Awakenings seem to increase in this town. 



1. Caught a bad cold by working out a little, and at even had a severe 
turn of the ague. Quite rainy. 

2. Wrote a long letter to Capt. Hubbard, of Colchester. .\ young woman 
died in town of a quick consumption. Preached a sacramental lecture.' A 
hard shower of rain. 

3. Snow to be seen in many places. Rode to Torringford in company 
with Mr. Smith, a candidate. Preached a lecture there. The awakening 
there very great. A number of my quondam pupils to appearance sweet 
Christians. At evening attended conference. Very serious. 

4. Conversed seriously and agreeably with my young friends at Mr. 
Mills's' and Mr. Battell's. Afternoon rode to Winsted. 

5. Preached and attended a conference. Considerable seriousness here. 
Tills is the day appointed by the asseinbly for contribution through the State 
for the missionary society.^ In this place it was four dollars. 



' Probably to accompany his brother Am- ^ The first Sunday in May was a sacra- 
mi home. mental Sabbath. Voung Robbins preached 

° Her death, it will be remembered, was the preparatory lecture in Norfolk on Thurs- 

recorded under date of Feburavy 25, two day, and went the ne.\t day to Toningiord, 

months before. She had doubtless left him and did the same, 
some legacy or token of remembrance. ' Rev. Samuel J. Mills, of Torringford, 

^ Winchester adjoins Norfolk on the S. E. married Esther Robbins, daughter of Samuel 

■• Because of our European complications Robbins, of Canaan. She was distantly re- 

and dangers. lated to the Norfolk minister. 

5 Jeremiah Mills was the son of Rev. Sam- ^ The Missionary Society of Connecticut 

uel J. Mills, was born in 1777, so that he was organized in 179S, and for many years 

was now about twenty-two years of age. The the annual collection was taken for it in 

author of this diary was born the same year. May, by State authority. 



82 DIARV OF RKV. THOMAS ROnBIXS, D.D. [l799- 

6. K<ido homo. Pravcd and dined with the militaiy company. Turner,' 
a candifl.itc helonj^iiv^ to tiiis town, now preacliing at New Marlborough, came 
here to sec ii.<i. Received a letter from Mr. Catlin, of New Marlborough. 
Foo; conipanies much more respectable than hor.se.° Warm. 

7. Wrote a letter to Miss Jeru.sha Carter.' Quite wet and cold. Mr. 
Atwaier,' tutor at "\"ale College, called here going to Middlebuiy, Vt., to 
preach. Contrilnitions are large. In this town twenty-si.\ dollars, New Hart- 
ford fortv. Farmington forty, Colebrook nine. etc. I hope in two hundred 
societies there will be fifteen dollars in each.' 

8. Mv father set out for Hartford. In the morning the ground was 
covered witli snow. Very cold for the .season. 

9. Rode to south part of the tow-n ; preached a lecture, and attended a 
conference. There were a great luany people, and very serious. In most of 
the towns hereabout, instead of the customary diversions, dancing, etc., people 
are assembled today for religious worship and conversation. 

10. Set out on my journey to Vermont.' O for assistance and direction 
in the undertaking. Expect to be gone all summer. Dined with Mr. Catlin,' 
New Marlborough. Came on to Stockbridge. 

:i. In the morning called on Dr. West. He got home from Hartford last 
night. He solicited me to tarry over the Sabbath. Contrary to previous 
arrangement I consented. Quite cold. 

1 2. Preached. Almost as cold as winter. Water froze nearly half an inch 
thick last night. At even my friend Mr. Woodbridge " called to see me. 

15. Rode. Hay very scarce. Caiue to Williamstown. 

14. Received a letter of the President, which he was about to send me, 
appointing me to deliver an oration at the ensuing Commencement.' Con- 
ferred with the president. Afternoon attended an exhibition. Wrote home. 
My cousin Starr a fine scholar and promising character. 

15. Quite warm. Rode through Pownal to Bennington. Dined with Mr. 
Swift. Shaftsbury, part of Arlington,'" and Sunderland to Manchester. Verj- 
tired. Tarried at tavern. 



'His old friend, Nathaniel Turner, of ' Mr. Robbins later was a missionary, com- 

Willianis College. missioned by the Connecticut Missionary So- 

- \ot abstractly considered, but according ciety to the Western Reserve, Ohio, but this 

to the habits of those years. Vermont journey seems to have been on his 

' A member of the family where he own motion, 

boarded in Marlborough, Ct. ' This country hospitality was general in 

' Jeremi.ih Atwatcr, D. D., afterwards those days. 

President of Middlebury College. He was " Probably Mr. John Woodbridge, before 

graduated at V.alc in 1793, ^"^ d'cd in New mentioned. 

Il.avcn. Ct., in 1S5S. 9 The coming Commencement would be 

■' That is, c/i tlu average, which would three years after his graduation, when, ac- 
havc roali2cd the sum of $j,ooo. But the cording to custom at that time, some were 
actual lesult of the contributions that year, appointed to give masters' orations, 
.as shown in the lirst volume of the Connec- "> Pownal, Bennington, Shaftsbury, and 
ticnt /;:.;;,-,v.V,-,7/ Ma^iziiu; was §2,033.63, a Arlington are Vermont towns whose west- 
less amount than some single churches in em boundary is New York. Sunderland 
Connecticut now furniiih yearly to home and Manchester are one tier back from the 
missions. Sevi York line. 



Ijgg.] ON A JOURN'EV THROUGH VERMOXT. 83 

16. Saw my Uncle Gould. Quite rainy. A bear killed here this morning. 
Afternoon rode to Dorset and tarried with Rev. Mr. Jackson.' 

17. Rode through part of Rupert, Pawlet. Dined with Rev. Mr. Griswokl." 
Wells to Poultney.^ Found old friends, and tarried. In Dorset and Wells 
saw liberty poles. 

18. Being considerably urged, I consented to stay and preach on the 
Sabbath. My horse has the horse distemper, which retards me in my journey 
^■er\- much. Quite cool. Walked out. 

19. People here ver\- little used to preaching. At even walked out. Had 
a loud dispute with some Arminians and Democrats. 

20. Quite contrary to my intention, at the solicitation of the people, I 
concluded to continue here two Sabbaths. Attended the funeral of a child. 
Found a number of people here who moved from Norfolk. ■* 

21. Warm. Set out on a journey to the northward. Rode through Hamp- 
ton, Fairhaven, Westhaven, Benson, and dined at Rev. Mr. Kent's.' Went 
through Onvell, part of Shoreham, to Cornwall. Tarried with Rev. Mr. 
Wooster' in a log-house, the first in which I ever slept. 

22. Mr. Wooster rode with me to Middlebur}-. Afternoon rode to the 
north part of the town, and found many quondam Norfolk people. They 
kindly received and entertained. Roads here are not }-et dry, and extremely 
bad, some places almost impassable. Warm. 

23. Last night there fell considerable rain. There is a neighborhood in 
the north part of Middlebur}' and south part of New Haven, mostly of Nor- 
folk people. Preached a lectur^ Quite warm. Wrote home. 

24. Set out for Poultney. We now have hot weather for the first time this 
year. Rode to Benson, and tarried with Re*. Mr. Kent. Bad riding. I came 
from home a little too early in the season. 

25. Got to my present home in safety. Zaus Deo. I live at a Mr. 
Thompson's." Somebody from Goshen. Afternoon quite shower}-. Since 
Wednesday vegetation has been astonishing rapid. Blossoms begin to appear 
on apple-trees. Wrote. 

26. People here stare at preaching as if it were some new thing. They are 
however attentive. Gave some account of awakenings below. 



' Rev. William Jackson, D. D., a gradu- Connecticut people, and western Vermont 

ate of Dartmouth in 1790, settled in Dorset, from the western towns of Connecticut. 

Sept. 27, 1796. All this part of Vermont was ^ Rgv. Dan Kent, a native of Suffield, 

ver)-new. There was no church in this vicin- Ct., and the Congregational minister at Ben- 

ity that was over fifteen or twenty years old. son from 1792 to 1S2S. 

= Rev. John Griswold, a native of Nor- ^ Rev. Benjamin Wooster, a native of 

wich, Ct., a graduate of Darmouth College in W'aterbun-, Ct., a graduate of Vale College 

17S9, was settled at Pawlet, Oct. 23, 1793, in 1790, and minister at Cornwall from 1797 

and remained till 1S30. to 1S02. 

5 There had been a quarrel and a division ' Dr. William Thompson, of Hartford 

in the church at Poultney, and since 1796 Theological Seminary, and Dr. Augustus A. 

there had been no settled minister. Thompson, of Ro.xbur)-, Mass., are brothers 

* Vermont was very largely settled by and natives of Goshen, Ct. 



S4 niAKV Ol' REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l799- 

jy. l'nhap|iilv a majority of the pcoijlu of this and the neighboring towns 
arc (leliulcd Democrats. Lyon ' i> a man of great art, and has done vast 
damage to this Slate. Visited. Fine weather. 

28. ^■isited. Some very obstinate deists here. Disputed them some." 

21). Rode to Middlebury, and attended a council. The church here in a 
verv bad situation. Got acquainted with some ministers ; those of the Baptist 
(joly hold communion. 

30. Roile b.ick. Very warm. Afternoon rode out. Quite rainy. An o.^ 
near licrc killed with lightning. Got quite wet. 

^i. Caught a bad cold by being wet yesterday, ^fuch pained with the 
toothache. Afternoon preached a lecture. Quite cold. It seems the past 
winter has been no less unusually severe in Europe than in this country, both 
as to quantities of snow and severity of weather. In England the Thames 
froze over; for a time many roads were impassable on account of snow, 
and many persons perished. In Germany the rivers froze, and there were 
great quantities of snow. It is said such a winter has not been known in 
Europe for two or three centuries. It is also said that very hard winters 
have come about once in four hundred years. In this country it has been 
long and severe, but probably not so cold and tedious as the one at the begin- 
ning of the year 17S0, or the beginning of the year 1741. The stage-sleigh 
ran from Boston to Portsmouth eighteen weeks successively.' At the north- 
ward, in Canada, the winter has not been more severe than usual. Just and 
tnie are thy ways. 

JlNB. • 

1. Quite sick with my cold and the toothache. Infidels in religion are 
apt to be Democrats. 

2. But just able to preach ; there is too much levity in my conduct. 

3. Had a tooth extracted which tore my jaw very much. Received ten 
dollars from this town. Preached a lecture to a pretty large and attentive 
audience. It is a trial to be urged contrary to our wishes. 

.4. Rode to Granville, N. Y.,'' and attended the association of ministers 
and churches for the western district of Vermont, and parts adjacent. The 
association adopted the articles, a copy of which I bought. 



' Rev. As.-i Lyon, a native o£ Pomfrct = That is, he held an argument with them. 

(Abington Parish), Ct., a graduate of Dart- ^ Only a few winters since there were six- 

mouth, 1790, a man of strong, original, but teen weeks of consecutive sleighing in the 

somewhat daring and eccentric mind. One northern parts of Massachusetts, but only 

who knew him intimately describes him about twelve that winter in the vicinity of 

thus: "lie had a dark complexion, coarse Boston. Eighteen weeks of consecutive sleigh- 

I'eatures, powerful build, more than six feet ing between Boston and Portsmouth, along 

high, large boned, giant framed, and a little the shore, would not probably occur once in 

stooping." He was the Congregational min- a century. There is a difference in this re- 

istcr at South Hero, 1S02-1S40. He was spect between the ocean shore and fifty miles 

a!>o largely occupied with civil and political inland, 

alTairs, w.as much in the Vermont legislature, ■• Granville is in Washington County, N.Y., 

was member of Congress 1S15-1S1;. just over the line from Pawlet, Vt. 



1799-] ON A JOURNEY THROUt^H VERMONT. 85 

5. Attended association. Very warm. The ministers talked considerahly 
of dividing into two, but concluded it is not best. Rode back to Poultney. 
Strongly requested to return here. Am sorry.' O for direction. 

6. Rode through Castleton,^ Hubbardton, part of Sudbury to Whiting,' 
and tarried with an old acquaintance. It rained considerably. People are 
yet planting. Wheat looks promising. A very growing season. 

7. Rode through Cornwall'' to Middlebur)'. Treated kindly by my old 
friends. Visited a son of Linus Beach, formerly from Norfolk, just gone. 

8. The young man died last evening. Afternoon attended the funeral' 
Rainy. The roads not yet dr)-. 

9. Last night we had a very great shot' of rain. My jaw has been vet)' 
sore since my tooth was drawn, and is yet. Preached in the lower part of 
New Haven.' A prett)- full meeting. I guess one half quondam Norfolk 
people." 

10. Visited some. Read the Bible, \^'rote. Since the winter the season 
has been extraordinary-. We had a cold March, a cold April, and a cold May. 
The season has not been so backward generally for a great number of years. 
Perhaps it was in some parts in the )-ear 1789. A Philadelphia account says: 
" The natural world seems to vie with the moral in retrogression. The season 
is such as to bring farmers' business nearly a month in arrears." Warm 
weather did not properly come on till the 23d of May. For a number of days 
after that vegetation was astonishingly rapid, and it has been a ver)- growing 
season ever since, though pretty wet. 

11. Fixed my things. Very warm. Read some. Walked out. 

From the Boston Mercury oi June 11. [An after entr}-.] '"It is with the 
deepest sorrow that I communicate the melancholy event of the death of his 
late Excellency, Increase Sumner,' Esq., which happened this day about 1 1 
o'clock. Moses Gill."" In this death that State has met with a ver}' heavy 



' He went to Vermont on a tour of obser- 1797, but there was no settled pastor there, 

vation and usefulness, and not with the pur- until Rev. Silas L. Bingham, a native of 

pose of settling there. He had other plans. Hebron, Ct., Yale, 1790, was installed June 

^ Poultney, Castleton, Hubbardton, and 22, 1S04. 
Sudbury were in Rutland County. In all ' He finds people who had moved up to 

these towns churches had been organized, Vermont from his native town wherever he 

but they were all without settled ministers. goes. 

' A church had been organized in Whit- « Increase Sumner, a native of Roxbur\-, 

ing about five months before, but was with- Mass., Harvard 1767, was chosen Governor 

out a minister. in 1797 to succeed Gov. Samuel Adams. He 

* Cornwall, in Addison County, as already was of a superior mind and character, but 

stated, had a settled minister. Rev. Benjamin hardly equal, comparatively, to the estimate 

Wooster. of the diarj-. 

^ Another illustration of the short time '° Moses Gill, Harvard, 17S4, was chosen 

elapsing between death and burial. Lieutenant-Governor with Mr. .Sumner, and 

' We can make nothing of this word but upon the death of the last named, was Gov- 

" shot." The word may then have been used ernor for that year. He was succeeded in 

for a violent rain-fall. the following year by Caleb Strong, of North- 

' A church had been organized in New ampton, a man of fine presence and superior 

Haven, nearly two years before, Nov. 15, character. 



S6 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l799- 

and pcrhnps an irreparable loss. Without doubt he was the best calculated to 
fill that office of any man that has e\cr presided over that Commonwealth. O 
tliat it might be a means of good to that great people, by teaching them not to 
tnist too much in an arm of clay. Gov. Sumner was in his fifty-third year. 

12. The weather very unsteady. Rode about in New Haven ; visited old 
aciiiiaintances. \'cry bad riding. 

13. Rode to Middlebury Falls. Requested to preach. 

14. I li\e with a Mr. Foot." Great number of mills at this place. Rainy. 

15. Quite cool. Walked out to see the gun manufactory.- They work here 
largely at this business. Received a letter from my father. Wrote a letter to 
my brother \. 

16. Dr. Edwards.^ of Colebrook, is chosen President of Union College, 
and leaves it wholly with the association whether he must go. Preached in 
the court-house. People here generally exceedingly stupid.* 

17. Very warm. There seems to be very great preparations for war in 
Europe, and determinations to pursue it with vigor. The Austrians, Russians, 
and 'I'urks, against the French and their conquered countries. A frame of a 
house, partly covered, so that a poor family lived in it, burnt near by. A man 
killed in town by the fall of a tree. A^isited. 

iS. Read considerably. Wrote to my brother J., and cousin P. Starr,' at 
Williams College. Very warm. Received a long and excellent letter from 
my fatlier. The work of God still goes on in Connecticut with great power. 
Let all the people praise Thee. I fear that my dear Uncle Robbins must die 
soon. He lately set out for Connecticut, but was forced to turn back from 
Providence. My Aunt Thompson has been up and made a good visit. She 
arrived at Norfolk the day after I left home. For me unfortunate. 

19. A fine growing season. The roads dry very fast. Attended the 
funeral of the man who was killed. One killed at Moulton in the same 
manner, the same hour, of the same age, and left a similar family. The two 
men had long been intimately acquainted. 

20. Rode into New Haven, and preached a lecture. Something rainy. 

21. Rode back to Middlebury. Quite warm. Many people in these parts, 
who are the most serious, are opposed to sound doctrines. Heard a Baptist 
preach. He would not differ with me.* Heard of the death of Gov. Sumner.' 



' In 1783 Daniel Koot moved from Pitts- his death. The coincidences between his 

field, Mass., taking with him his five sons, own life and death, and those of his illustri- 

Philip, Freeman, Martin, Stillman, and John, ous father, have often been pointed out. 

his wife remaining behind at Pittsfickl till ■• In the hearing of the gospel message. 

the following year. It was with one of the * His brother James Watson is a freshman 

men above named, probably, that Mr. Robbins in the college, and his cousin Peter Starr, of 

made his home in .Middlebury. Warren, Ct., is to graduate that summer. 

- Jonathan Nichols had a contract with ' Doctrinally, a Calvinistic Baptist and an 

government to manufacture a thousand gims. average Congregationalist are much alike. 

^ Dr. Jonathan Edwards had been pastor They separate on rites and ordinances. 

at the North Church, \ew Haven, 1769-1795. " It was eleven days after Gov. Sumner's 

He liad been at Colebrook from January, death that the news reached him. The pas- 

K'/\ t'l June, 1799, and was now going to sage already reported, under date of June 11, 

I nion College for a brief presidency before was from an after entry. 



1 799-] ON A JOURXEY THROUGH VERMONT. 87 

22. Wrote a long letter to my parents. \Vrote to my sister S. 

23. Ver)- warm. A shower. Many people here opposed to what I con- 
sider the plain truth. 

24. Read. Walked out and visited. Had considerable dispute with a 
man on imputation. 

25. Attended the funeral of an infant child. Was invited to dine with the 
Free-Masons. Mr. Sanders, of Vergennes, preached. They were pretty 
orderly ; still I hate Masonry. 

26. Mr. Sanders ' is a pretty agreeable man, but not a divine. Very warm. 
Considerable noise with trooping,' etc. 

27. Dreadful slaughter and bloodshed in Europe. There have not been 
such battles during the war, as lately between the Austrians and French. 
They fight most obstinately. It appears the French are defeated in all 
quarters.^ Zcn/s Deo. In the conquered countries are insurrections and mas- 
sacres. The plague is in Bonaparte's army in Eg\pt. 

28. In all the wars and confusion God is at the helm. Rode to Ver- 
gennes.' Visited friends there. Steady hot weather. 

29. This is a place of considerable business. I believe this State is 
recovering from infidelity and great immoralities. Rode to Capt. Phelps's,' 
New Haven. 

30. Had a pretty full and serious meeting. Very hot. Received three 
dollars as a contribution. [Later entry.] This last was the day that my dear 
Uncle Robbins^ was simimoned from our world. 

July. 

1. Rode to Monkton' and preached a lecture in a house. Had a long 
discourse with a number of I\Iethodists. A very hard thunder-shower. 

2. Rode down to Middlebur)-. Yesterday the wind was ver\- high in 



' Daniel C. Sanders, D. D. He was a ' Chandler Robbins, D. D., of Plymouth, 

doctor of divinity in title, but Mr. Robbins, in Mass. His father, Rev. Philemon Robbins, 

saying that he was not a divine means that the life-long minister at Branford, Ct. {1733- 

he was not theologically educated and in- 17S1), had nine children, three sons and six 

structed. He was graduated at Harvard in daughters. His three sons were all started 

178S, and was minister at Vergennes from on a course of public education. One of them 

179410 1799. He was dismissed about two died while hi college. The other two were 

months after this interview, Aug. 24, 1799. the eminent ministers at Plymouth, Mass., 

- The old fashioned troopers in their occa- and Norfolk, Ct. Chandler Robbins was or- 
sional gatherings for e.xercise, were apt to be dained at Plymouth, Jan. 30, 1760, and con- 
rather disorderly. tinned till his death, June 30, 1799. 

^ During the spring and early summer of The grandfather of Chandler and Ammi 
this year there had been a succession of bat- Ruhamah was Nathaniel Robbins of Cam- 
ties, in which the French were beaten, such bridge, whose wife was Hannah Chandler, 
as Stokach, Verona, JIagnano,Cassano, Adda, Hence the given name of the Plymouth pas- 
and Zurich. tor. 

■* Vergennes was about fifteen miles north- " Monkton, in Addison County, Vt., had 

west of Middlebury, near Lake Champlain. no Congregational church at that time, nor 

' Captain Matthew Phelps, one of the was there any organized until May 24, 1S24. 

most enterprising men of the early town. There was probablv Methodist preaching 

His son, Maj. Matthew Phelps, was gradu- there, though it may have been by a man of 

ated at Middlebury- College in 1S04. some other denomination. 



ss 



DIARV OF Ri:V. THOMAS ROBIilXS, D.D. [l799- 



soinc pl.iccs. I am requested by this town to preach here while I continue in 
the cnuntrv. Afternoon rode to Starksborough ' with company. 

3. Had a sood niglit with Deacon IIall= and family, formerly from Nor- 
folk. Troached a lecture. The Metliodists have had considerable hold in 
these new towns, but they are evidently on the decline. The Baptists still 
pretty strong. 

4' Rode to Bristol and preached a lecture with a great concavity for my 
footstool, and a greater concavity for my canopy.' Had a dispute with some 
.\rniinian' 1 eople. Rode to New Haven. May this day be recognized with 
gratitude and [)raise by all .American people. 

;. .\waUenings increase in Connecticut, particularly in Norfolk. Laus 
ct :^!i>ri,i. Warm and showery. Rode down to Middlebur}-. 

6. I'egan an oration for the next Commencement.^ O for a sense of the 
importance of the work of the ministry. 

7. People here appear to be something serious. Gave some account of 
the awakenings below. I cannot help hoping that it will extend to this part 
of the country. 

8. Rode out and visited. Caught a bad cold from a wet floor. The 
French armies have ill success. 

9. Wrote on my oration. Read some. .\\ evening walked out. 

10. Rode and visited. People talk considerably about the awakening. 
Weatiier pretty cool. 

11. Visited a woman in New Haven most gone with the consumption. 
Mv cold (juite bad. People beginning to mow. 

12. Wrote on my oration. Troubled with the dysentery. It rained some. 

13. Quite unwell. I weighed one hundred and twenty-one. Wrote a 
letter to President Fitch ^ and one to Dr. How^e," of Poultney. 

14. Fashionable people here think I preach too close. Warm. Troubled 
with a diarrhaa. 

15. The morning rainy. Set out on a journey northward. Rode through 
New Haven to Moulton and tarried. 

16. Went through a part of Ferrisburgh ' to Charlotte.' Visited Mr. 
Newell.'" formerly minister at Goshen. Through Shelburne to Burlington Bay. 



' There was no Congregational church in ^ Ebenezer Fitch, D. D., President of Will- 

Starksborough until 1.S04. iams College. 

= With the old Norfolk families he felt ' Neheniiah Howe and Silas Howe, were 

peculiarly at home, and it was a great pleas- among the first settlers of Poultney between 

urc to them to see some one who could 1770 and 1780. Silas Howe was first deacon 

revive the old memories. of the Congregational church. 

' There was no Congregational church or- " Xo Congregational church in Ferris- 

ganized at Bristol until July S, 1S05. By his burgh until 1S24. 

dcscrii'tinn we understand that he preached ' Charlotte is in Chittenden County. 

in il\c open air. "> This was Rev. Abel Newell, a graduate 

• Probably the terms Arminian and Mcth- of Yale in 1751, and settled at Goshen, Ct., 

odi>i .irc meant in this Vermont connection 1755-1781. He w.as already an old man, 

to be somewhat interchangeable. nearly fifty years out of college, but he lived 

■ Early in the next September. till 1S13. 



1799-] O^ A JOURNEY THROUGH VERMONT. 89 

Found some acquaintance. Ven' kindly entertained at Col. Keyes"s.' My 
disorder has left me. Gratia Deo. 

17. May I remember this morning. This morning at Col. Keyes's a gen- 
tleman asked me if I wished to look at a late Walpole paper.' I took it, and 
looking among the deaths I saw, "Dr. Chandler Robbins, of Plymouth, si.'ity."' 
How was I shocked. 

Crossed Onion River bridge ; a great curiosity. Passed through Colches- 
ter, Esse.x", Westford, Fairfax, a part of Fletcher to Fairfield.-' Quite hot 
weather. People all engaged in haying. These northern towns appear new. 
Found friends at Fairfield. 

18. Rode to the north part of the town. Visited Norfolk people. People 
here live mostly in log-houses. I am now the farthest from home that I have 
ever been, about two hundred and thirty miles.* 

19. A little rain. Afternoon preached a lecture. 

20. Rode back to the middle of the town. This is a good town for grass. 
Very hot weather. 

21. Preached in a barn. Full meeting. Saw Esq. Turner,' formerly from 
Norfolk. 

22. Laid the plan of a house for a man about to build. Afternoon 
preached a lecture. 

23. Rode down to Fairfa.x with Esq. Turner, and preached a lecture. 
Forded the river La Moille as I did going up. Came to Esse.x and lodged. 
Some rain. 

24. Came to Stephen Butler's.' He was formerly from Norfolk. Almost 
overcome with the heat. In the coolest place I could find was put to it for 
breath. Towards evening rode to Jericho.' and visited a Mr. Kingsbury." A 
very dry season. Fine hay weather. 

25. Found old acquaintance. Mr. Kingsbury has trials. He is the only 
settled minister north of Cornwall. He rode with me to Essex. People 
almost universally drink water, and that oftentimes poor. Preached a lecture 
in a barn. We had a very fine shower. 

26. Rode in company with Esq. Turner and wife through part of Jericho, 
forded Onion River, through Williston to Hinesburgh.' I think I never saw 
better land than the meadows of the Onion River. Afternoon preached a 



' Probably Elnathan Keyes, a graduate of * Fairfield is within twelve or fifteen miles 

Dartmouth, who was a practicing attorney in of the Canada line. 

Burlington as early as 1794. ' Probably Bates Turner, elsewhere men- 

' The Farmer's Museum was started in tioned. 

Walpole, N. H., April 11, 1793, and still ^ From i8oi to 1S06 Stephen Butler was 

exists in the succession, as the Clieshire Re- constable in Esse.x, Vt. 

publican, now published at Keene, N. H. " There was a Congregational church at 

^ The first named towns were in Chitten- Jericho, founded in 1791. 

den County, and the others in Franklin. ' Rev. Ebenezer Kingsbury, a native of 

Franklin County touches New York on the North Coventry, Ct., and a graduate of Yaie 

west and Canada on the north. In none of in 1783. 

the above named towns was there a Congve- ' Hinesburgh had a Congregational church 

gational church e.xcept in Essex. founded in 17S9, but Williston had none. 



,^0 DIARV OF RKV. THOMAS ROtBINS, U.D. [l799- 

lecture. People in this State do not appear to be so much infected with infi- 
delity, as erroneous views in rehgion. The Methodists have a pretty strong hold 
at 1 1'incsburj^h, Starksborough, and Monkton, but not much at the northward of 
those places. The disorganizing principles of the Baptists do considerable 
d.amage. In most of the towns people seem disposed to hear preaching, and 
wish to get regular ministers. I have many applications. Masonic lodges are 
forbidden to meet by law in Great Britain.' 

27. The Methodists go great lengths in fanaticism. They hurt their own 
cause. Eat green peas. Rode to Starksborough." E.xcessive hot. 

28. Preached in a barn. People appear serious. Methodists appear to 
hate me with great sincerity.' The Baptists are very jealous of regular, edu- 
cated ministers. Eat cucumbers. 

29. Rode to Monkton,* and preached in a neighborhood of Methodists, by 
previous desire. Their champion. Mitchel, was present. After meeting we 
had considerable talk. The hearts of all people are in God's hands, and may 
he direct them in the right way. Rode to New Haven, and tarried. 

30. People generally beginning harvest,- which comes in pretty well. The 
last two weeks the heat of haying. Rode down to Middlebur}-. Thanks to 
God for such a prosperous journey. It has been fatiguing, but I have been 
surrounded with mercies. Universally a dr)' and hot season. We have the 
other extreme from the spring. The riding in this country very good now. 
Flies are very troublesome to a traveler. I am ver\' kindly treated wherever 
I go. Very great want of ministers in this State. Received a letter from my 
father announcing the mournful death of my dear Uncle Robbins, and another 
from cousin Samuel P. Robbins,' at Norfolk, soon after he heard the affecting 
news. O that I might have feeling, and take due notice of such solemn calls 
of God"s holy providence. My friend N. Turner is settled at New Marl- 
borough. I am very sorr\-, and believe he has done wrong. 

31. Wrote a letter to Deacon Steele,' of Hinesburgh, and another to Dr. 
Hall, of Starksborough. Walked out. 



' That is a quiet remark, by the way, stig- <■ Samuel Prince Robbins was the son of 

gested doubtless by what lie saw of Masonry Dr. Chandler Robbins, of Plymouth. He 

in Vermont. As we know from a previous had graduated the year before at Harvard 

utterance, he did not admire the institution College. A few years later he was ordained 

there. to the work of the ministry at Marietta, 

= There was no Congregational church in Ohio, his cousin. Rev. Thomas Robbins, 

Starksborough. the author of this diary, preaching the ser- 

' There was far more of denominational mon. 
jealousy and prejudice in the country at the " Dea. Josiah Steele was from East Hart- 
beginning of this century than now. ford, Ct. He was the chief mover in the or- 

■• Xo Congregational church at Monkton ganization of the Congregational church in 

"" '■'^-■t- Hinesburgh, and was its first deacon. His 

■^ The har\-est was the gathering of the son Eliphaz was clerk of the church from 

grains, wheat, rye, oats, etc., which did not 1S02 to iSiS. The men going up from 

usually begin in New England till haying was Connecticut were apt to be church-going 

well-nigh done. people. 



1799-] O^ •* JOURNEY THROUGH VERMONT. 9 1 

August. 

1 . A\'rote on my oration for Commencement. Had company. 

2. Received a letter from the town of Charlotte, requesting me to go there 
and preach. I cannot go." For about a fortnight past I think there has been 
as hot weather as I ever knew for so long a time. Nights, however, vatlier 
cool. 

3. Finished my oration. Went into the water. Walked out and drank tea. 

4. Last night we had a ver}- lieaxy shower on the \"ery thirst}' groimcl. 
Full meeting. 

5. Rode out and visited. People in the hight of han-est. It comes in 
generally ver)- full. Laus Deo. There has been a remarkably good season to 
get hay. Became considerably acquainted with Gov. Tichenor." 

6. Xearly all the maritime forces of Europe are now in the Mediterranean 
Sea. Carnage is e.xpected. Wrote a letter to Mr. Hills, of Charlotte. Re- 
ceived one from my brother James. Walked out. 

7. Wrote home. Rode to Waybridge,' and preached a lecture. Rode 
down to Cornwall and visited Mr. Wooster. Great quantities of wheat in this 
countr}-. 

8. Rode back to Middlebury. They are building a large and good 
bridge here. The building of it will cost eighty dollars besides the materials. 

9. Wrote a letter to Mr. Bates Turner,'' of Fairfield. Attended conference. 

10. Wrote a letter to my brother A., and one to my friend D. Noble. As 
I e.xpect to be taken up tomorrow, which will be my birthday, it being the 
Sabbath, I set aside this day to fasting and prayer. Showers. At evening 
was infonned that a town-meeting is warned here to give me a call. I was 
much surprised and ver\' sorrj-.^ 

11. My voice, I think, is not so clear and strong as it has been. I fear I 
shall fail. Thy will be done. Thanks to God who has brought me to the 
close of another year, and to another joyful birthday.' O for more gratitude 
and love. My last year has been happier than I could have expected. 

12. Rode out and visited in the eastern part of the town. In the morning 
had a long talk with some unprincipled men about the situation of the town. 
Shower\\ 

13. Rode to Salisbur}-,' and preached a lecture. .Afterwards had a dispute 
with a young man there in public on doctrines. Quite warm. Returned. 



' Because he is engaged at Middlebmi', II, p. 192, gates Turner is given as among 

so long as he stays in Vermont. the early settlers of Fairfield. He was pro!> 

° Isaac Tichenor, a graduate of Princeton, ably of the Turner family of Xorfolk, Ct. 
1773, Senator in Congress and Governor of ' Ministers were so scarce in all this re- 
Vermont, gion that it was hard to resist the importu- 

^ Mr. Robbins in his diary spells this place nities of people asking him to stay and settle 

Waybridge. It is now written ^Veybridge. with them. But he had formed other plans 

There was a Congregational church in this of labor. 

town organized in 1794, but the first settled *■ He was now twenty-two years old. 

minister was Rev. Jonathan Hovey, a native of 'Salisbury adjoins Middlebury on the 

Mansfield, Ct., who began his work in 1806. south. It had no Congregational church 

■* In the Vermont i%>/(»-/ca/ Cait'C/f^r, Vol. until February, 1S04. 



9^ 



niARV OF RKV. THOMAS ROBBIXS. D.D. [l799- 



14. Rode to New Haven and visiied. People generally have done haying 
and harvest.' 

i;. Returned. Began a sermon on Luke ii : 10. = Visited. 

16. I'he combined armies of .\ustria and Russia seem likely to restore 
Europe to its primitive state. Preaclied a sacramental lecture. 

17. Wrote. Afternoon Deacon Hall and wife from Starksborough called 
to sec me. Rode to Cornwall/ to exchange with Mr. Wooster. Forded the 
creek in this town. The Methodists in the towns above tell many false stories 
about me. May I forgi\e my enemies. 

iS. Had a full meeting. Conversed considerably. Visited a sick man. 
Mr. Wooster, as a minister, is rather solitary. 

19. Rode back. Rode out and visited. Walked three miles. 

20. ^\"rote considerably. Learning my oration. Attended a small con- 
ference. 

21. Finished my sermon on Luke ii : 10. Visited. I think this town is 
like to be a large place.* 

22. Studied some. Walked out and visited. Went to the town-meeting, 
which w.is warned to give me a call ; and after saying a number of things, 
desired them not to come to any vote.' I am not willing to be settled. The 
matter dropped easily. 

23. Walked to Waybridge and back.' A verj- hot and dry season. 

24. Rode out. It is rather trying to leave old friends here. 

25. Had a verj- full and attentive meeting. Verj- many people called in 
to see me. 

26. Recei\ed five dollars of this town.' Set out for Connecticut. Rode 
through Salisbury. Leicester, Brandon, and Pittsford to Rutland." Tarried 
with Rev. Mr. Ball.' 



' Haying and harvesting would be two or - This was a true and honorable course 

three weeks later in this region than in of conduct. Some young men would have 

southern New England. allowed them to extend the call, even though 

' ■■ .\;id the an^ol said unto them, fear they were determined not to accept it. But 
not, for behold, I bring you good tidings of Mr. Robbins was a very conscientious, care- 
great joy, which shall be to all people." ful, sincere Christian man, and would not 

' Cornwall joins Middlebury on the west. seem to act a double part. 

- His ,;onjecture was right. Middlebury '' Weybridge touches Middlebury on the 

is one of the important towns of Vermont northwest corner of the town. 

for business; as also for other things. A " His journey to Vermont was evidently 

Congregational church was organized here not a money making expedition. 

Sept. 5, 1790, and two months later Rev. « At first he starts southward through 

John Tlarnett, a native of Windsor, Ct., a a more inland tier of towns than those 

graduate of Vale in 17S0, was set over it. through which he came up. 

He remained for five years. When Mr. Rob- 'Rev. Ileman Ball, D. D., a native of 

bins was here they had no minister, but in Springfield, Mass., graduate of Dartmouth, 

the fall of that year (1799) Rev. Jeremiah 1791, who was settled at Rutland, Feb. i, 

Atwater, D. I)., came here, and in iSoo 1797. The Congregational church at Rut- 

Miildlel.ury College was founded, and Dr. land was one of the older churches of the 

.Vtwater was made its first President. State. 



I799-] GOING TO COMMENCEMENT. 93 

27. Rutland is the largest place I have seen in the State. Called on Rev. 
Mr. Haynes," West Rutland. Rode through Ira, Castleton, and tarried in 
Poultney.' Cool nights. 

28. A very dry season. This morning a little frost. In some places it is 
quite sickly. Rode through Wells, etc. ; the same road in which I went up. 
Tarried at Arlington. 

29. Rode to Bennington. A rainy day. Verj- jojiul. Tarried with Mr. 
Swift. This State much engaged in electioneering. 

30. Rode to Williamstown. Found my brother James ; kindly received. 
Quite warm. 

31. My oration was aflfirraed. Visited Mr. Swift. College in a good 
situation. 



1. A hard rain. Rather a thin meeting. Preached all day. Attended 
the holy sacrament. O for a sense of its importance. Became acquainted 
with President Willard.^ After meeting the President delivered an excellent 
discourse to the candidates for degrees in the chapel. 

2. Had a long talk with the President. Visited. There is the best 
meeting-house ■* here I have ever been in. At night tarried at Mr. Swift's with 
ministers. 

3. Afternoon rainy. My father and brother A., Uncle and Aunt Starr,' 
and other friends, arrived in town. At evening attended an exhibition. 

4. It rained moderately the greatest part of the day. In the afternoon 
no procession. A great many people. The e.xhibition very good. I delivered 
an English oration on Annihilation.* Took my second degree. Thanks be 
to sovereign grace, who has thus prepared me through seven happy years, in 
which I have been allied to college. 

5. In the morning quite rainy. My father is this day fifty-nine years old. 
Visited a scholar very sick, but happily recovering. 

6. Set out for home with my father and others. Came down to Stock- 
bridge.' 

7. Arrived home safely after an absence of nearly four months. My 
most sanguine hopes for the summer have been answered. O for gratitude. 
At night vet)- rainy. Very refreshing to the thirsty ground. 



' Rev. Lemuel Haynes, the famous col- in which he was graduated three years be- 

ored preacher. He was a native of West fore. 

Hartford, Ct., but was settled at West Rut- ' Rev. Peter Starr and wife from Warren, 

land from i-SS to 1818. to see their son graduate. Mrs. Starr was 

^ From Poultney down he followed the sister of Rev. Mr. Robbins, of Norfolk, 
path in which he came up. *■ Rather a rare and unique subject for a 

^ Rev. Joseph Willard, D. D., from 17S1 Commencement oration, but capable of being 

to 1S04 President of Harvard College. He effectively handled. 

was the son of Rev. Samuel Willard, minister ' His Aunt Woodbridge was no longer 

of Biddeford, Me. there to welcome her friends. She died, it 

* A great contrast to the meeting-house will be remembered, the previous February. 



94 



niARV OK REV. THOMAS ROUniXS, D.D. [l799- 



8. My father rode to Colelsrook and preached.' I never saw such an 
appearance in this town as now. The work of God is indeed ver)- great. 
Forty are already added to my fatlier's church. Many more have hopes, and 
the work still goes on gloriously. How shall we bless and praise the Most 
High. 

9. Went on a journey to New Haven. Dined at Litchfield. Rode on to 
Salem, and tarried at Mr. Fowler's. Found old acquaintance. 

10. Forenoon very rainy. Rode into New Haven. From Litchfield here 
is a turnpike road. Found many former friends. About forty freshmen are 
admitted into college. Afternoon there was an oration delivered to the 
P. B. K. Society. Dr. Tninibull ' preached on the evidences of Christianity. 
It was seven years this day since I was admitted into college. 

11. The exercises were lengthy, but pretty good. Afternoon very hot. 
Manv eminent characters were present. I took a degree of master of arts 
with niv class. 

12. .Attended meeting; P. B. K. Society, ^^■e had considerable debate 
about altering it from a secret society^ to some other, but could not. A 
part of a regiment of the L'nited States amiy is encamped near this city. 
Left town and came to Cheshire. 

13. I think I have not felt the heat more any day this year. Came on to 
Torringford and arrived home in safety. 

14. My sister S. quite unwell. Worked some. Dr. Perkins.* inventor of 
the metallic tractors, died lately in New York of the yellow fever. He went 
down to oppose it, and fell a sacrifice. 

15. Rode to Colebrook and preached. Some awakening there, but not 
great. 

17. Walked out. Afternoon rode with my mamma. 

iS. Worked considerably. My father is employed incessantly in his 
ministerial labors. 

19. My father has entered four scholars in Williams, and three in Yale 
College this fall. Rainy. A number of people came here to be examined by 
the church committee in order to be propounded for communion. They 



' Dr. Jonathan Edwards, whose long before the writer entered Yale College in 

ministry had been at New Haven Ct., had 1S35. 

been at Colebrook from Januarj', 1796, and ■* Dr. Elisha Perkins, son of Dr. Joseph 

was dismissed in June, 1799, to be President of Perkins, of Nonvich, Ct., was a physician in 

Union College. He removed with his family large practice in Plainfield, Ct. About 1796 

to .'Schenectady in July of that summer. The he invented the metallic tractors, two instru- 

Norfolk .minister supplied the pulpit in Cole- ments, one with steel points, and one with 

brook on that second Sabbath of September, brass, which being passed over the diseased 

and his son Thomas probably preached in parts of the body would, as was claimed, re- 

ihe Norfolk pulpit. move tlie disease. For a few years, both in 

= ;^r. Benjamin Trumbull, minister at this country and in England, Dr. Perkins and 

Xonh Haven from 1760 to 1820, a native of his tractors had a great reputation. He died 

Hebron, graduate of Y.ale, 1759, author of September, 1799, as the diary relates. The 

7/.<- //..rf.'iy I'j Conncctiail. excitement about the metallic tractors was 

^ The secrecy was mostly taken out of it temporarv. 



1 799-] -^T HOME AT NORFOLK. C)- 

appear vers' well. Their rel.itions are clear and rational. I preached .i 
lecture. People flock to all meetings. Began a sermon on 2 Cor. vi : 2. 

20. Wrote. Traded some. The assassination of the French plenipoten- 
tiaries at Rastadt' seems to have been a project of the Directory. 

21. Rode out. Wrote considerably. My brother A. and wife came over 
to make us a visit. 

22. My father not being ver\- well, I preached all day. The house ver\- 
much crowded. I have never preached to so large an audience. Ver^- serious 
and attentive. My father propounded twent\--four persons for communion. 
.■\t evening the conference ver\- full. 

23. Laying out to go to Plymouth with my sister. My cousin Isaac Rob- 
bins-cameto make us a visit on his way from Ohio to Plymouth. He has 
been from Plymouth above nine years. He is a !Methodist, "sometimes" 
preacher. 

24. Rode wnth my father to New Hartford/ and attended association. 
Went on the new turnpike road ; like to be very good. 

25. Rode home. A militarj- brigade met yesterday at Bennington, and 
were reviewed by Gov. Gill.* 

26. Rode out. Afternoon Mr. Gillett,' of Torrington,' preached a lecture. 
!My father has had a stated Thursday lecture all summer. 

27. Had a new hat made. Dr. Humphreys and wife from Pawtucket. 
came to \dsit us. Preparing for our journey. 

28. This morning considerable frost; the first real one that we have had. 
A tine year for apples and cider. In the afternoon set out with my sister for 
Plymouth. Rode to New Hartford. 

29. Mr. Griffin is absent. Preached. Verj' windy. The awakening has 
been verj- great there, but has mostly subsided. Wrote a letter to Mr. Catlin. 
New Marlborough, and one to Mr. N. Hunger, Middleburj-, Vt. 



' " On the breaking up of the Congress of ford was filled by Edward D. Griffin, then a 

1799 without any definite result, the three young man of twenty-nine. He afterward 

French plenipotentiaries set out for Stras- became the celebrated Dr. Grifiin, Professor 

burg on the evening of April 19, but they at Andover Theological Seminarv, Pastor of 

had scarcely got beyond the gates of Ra.s- Park Street Church, Boston, and President 

tadt, when they were attacked by a number of Williams College from 1821 to 1S37. He 

of Austrian hussars ; two of the three were was a native of East Haddam, Ct., bom Jan. 

slain, and the other sabered and left for dead 6, 1770. 

in a ditch. . . . This flagrant violation of the ' Elected Lieutenant-Governor, but Gov- 

law of nations roused the indignation and emor by the death of Gov. Increase Sumner, 
horror not only of France, but of all Europe." ' Alexander Gillett, a native of East 

— C/uimbers's Eiuydof-sdia, Vol. VIII, p. 1 17. Granby, Ct. (Turkey Hills), graduated at Vale, 

^ Isaac Robbins was a son of Dr. Chand- 1770, the pastor at Torrington from 1792 to 

ler, Robbins, of PhTnouth, bom in 1770, now 1S26. 

twenty-nine years old. He was living out in ' Torrington was the name of the town 

Ohio. of which Torringford was a part. It was an 

^ At this time, the pulpit of Xew Hart- important towni in westem Connecticut. 



g5 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l799- 

30. Rode to Glastonbun- and tarried witli Mr. Lockwood." Verj- dry and 
dusty. My sister is hardly able to perform the journey. 

October. 

1. Rode to Marlborough, and tarried at my old home, Mr. Carter's. This 
society has given Mr. Gould,- who is chosen tutor at Williams College, a call 
to settle with them in the ministry. 

2. There has been considerable awakening in this parish the past sum- 
mer, but I fear it is subsiding. Rode through Hebron and Windham to 
Plainfield. Fine weather. My sister very tired. The academy in this town 
very flourishing. 

3. Rode on through Sterling in Connecticut; and in Rhode Island. Cov- 
entry', Foster, Scituate, and tarried at a tavern in Johnst,on,^ three miles from 
Providence. My sister quite unw-ell by the fatigue of the journey. 

4. Rode on. Walked around Providence. This city appears flourishing. 
Went into the Baptist and new Presbyterian meeting-houses;'' the best meet- 
ing-houses in New England. Rode through Providence, part of Rehoboth, 
Barrington,' and Warren to Bristol. Bristol and Warren are very pretty 
towns. We arrived safely at Dr. Bradford's ; ' an uncle by marriage. Very 
kindly received. 

5. My sister quite unwell. My uncle here lives in a fine situation, a mile 
from the town, on a large farm on Mount Hope, the celebrated seat of King 
Philip. Fences here are inost wholly large stone walls. Read some in The 
Forresters. 

6. Attended meeting and the holy sacrament. O may my mind be 
solemnized whenever I approach the holy table. Heard Mr. Wight,' the 
minister here, preach. Dr. Bradford is a man of great information. 



' Rev. William Lockwood was the pastor Presbyterian. The meeting-house here re- 
al Glastonbury from 1797 to 1S04, when he ferred to was probably that of the so-called 
was obliged to resign on account of ill-health. Beneficent Church. 

and was never able to resume the pastoral ' At Barrington was the oldest Congrega- 

charge, though he lived till 1S2S. His father, tional church in the State of Rhode Island, 

James Lockwood, was an eminent man in his founded in 1670. 

generation, was pastor at Wethersfield from *■ This William Bradford was of the fourth 
1739 to 1773, when he died; was a Fellow of generation from the illustrious William Brad- 
Yale, was solicited to succeed Pres. Clap as ford of 1620, Governor of the Plymouth 
President of Vale, and also was offered the Colony. He was a physician in large and 
Presidency of the College of New Jersey, but successful practice, first living at \Varren, 
he declined both these offers. and then on Mount Hope. Bristol. His wife 

- Mr. Vinson Gould, graduated at Will- was Mary Le Baron, of Plymouth, born 1731, 

iams in 1797, and two years later was chosen half-sister of Thomas Robbins's mother. Dr. 

tutor. He did not accept the Marlborough Bradford lived with her twenty-four years in 

call. He was a native of Sharon, Ct. the married state, and then lived thirty-three 

' In Rhode Island Congregational churches years a widower. His wife died in 1775, at 

are few now, and were fewer then. In none the age of forty-four, while he lived on alone 

ot the four towns here named was there a until iSoS. 
Congregational church. ? Rev. Henry W'ight, D. D., native of 

' The fathers, at the beginning of this cent- Medfield, Mass., graduate of Harvard, 17S2, 

•jry, often called Congregational churches pastor at Bristol from 1785 to 1828. 



1799-] O^ A JOURNEY TO PLYMOUTH, MASS. 97 

7. Walked out with a cousin. The people here do much in the African 
trade. There is considerable shipping owned here. Afternoon rode to 
Warren and back. There is ver)- little religion here even in form.' 

8. Walked on to Mt. Hope, which affords one of the finest prospects I 
ever saw ; and I guess, equal to any in New England. Rainy. Dined with 
Capt. De Wolf," the husband of one of my cousins. He has a set of china- 
ware which cost two hundred and fifty dollars in Canton. 

9. After a fine visit we left our friends at Bristol. Rode through Warren, 
Swansea, and Dighton to Taunton. Tarried at Col. Grossman's.^ They were 
ver}- kind. 

10. A ver}' hard rain. A number of soldiers are stationed in this town. 
Towards night we rode to Raynham. Being rainy we were obliged to stop at 
a private house. 

11. Our hosts were very kind. They would not take anything. My sister 
evidently gets better. Came to Middleborough to Mr. Barker's.'' Preached a 
sacramental lecture. The English missionar}- ship has gone a second voyage 
to the South Seas. 

12. Rode through Carver to Plymouth. Found friends all well. The 
departure of my dear uncle Robbins has made a great blank. We ha\e had a 
very prosperous journey. O for gratitude. At evening a yir. Kendall * came 
to Aunt Robbins's to board; a candidate hired to preach here, now a tutor at 
Harvard College. 

13. Heard Mr. Kendall preach. He appears to be an Arminian' in full. 
A ver}' great congregation here. At evening attended a conference. Gave 
an account of awakenings at the westward. Prayed with a d}-ing man. 

14. Wet and cloudy weather still continues. Walked and visited. 

15. Fine weather after nearly a week of wet and bad. Dined with Mr. W. 
Goodwin.' Read the articles of capitulation of Mantua. The Russians and 
Austrians took it after a short but vigorous siege, and found in it great stores. 
Attended a funeral. 



' This remark very true and characteris- Mr. Barker was bom in 1751, graduated at 

tic of Rhode Island in the last century, and Yale in 1771, and settled at Middleborough 

early part of the present. It was, at that in 1781. He remained here till his death in 

time, missionary ground for the Connecticut 1S15. 

churches. 5 fhis was James Kendall, D. D., after- 

- The DeWolfs, of Bristol, have been a wards pastor for a life-time at Plymouth, and 

conspicuous family for character and wealth under whose ministrj- the church passed from 

for generations. the Trinitarian to the Unitarian faith. 

' This was the father probably, of Rev. * .Already the theology which came from 

Joseph W. Grossman, who had been two Harvard was different from that which came 

years before settled at Salisbury, Ct. Joseph from Vale. 

W. Grossman was a graduate of Brown Uni- ' This Mr. W. Goodwin was a son of Ka- 

versity in 1795. thaniel Goodwin. His mother was a Le 

* Rev. Joseph Barker, who was born and Baron, but he was not nearly related to Mr. 

brought up in Branford, Gt., where Thomas Robbins. The Goodwins and Le Barons in- 

Robbins's grandfather Philemon was minister. termarried considerably. 



q8 niARY OF REV. THOMAS ROnBIXS, D.D. [l799- 

iT). The Dulcli fleet in the Texel have surrendered to the British for the 
Stadlhohier witlioul any opposition. Dined with Dr. Thacher. At evening 
preached a private lecture to a large audience. Walked and viewed the mode 
of curing tish. 

17. \'ery cold for the season. This town has increased much since I was 
here last. There is considerable maritime trade and fishing My sister's 
health amends. 

iS. >[ade considerable inquiry- concerning my ancestrs% and noted what I 
could get. ^[v cousin Lemuel Le Baron,' a graduate at Providence, is here 
keeping school for a short time. 

19. Rode to Rochester with my sister and cousin I. Robbins.'' Found all 
well at my uncle's. Warm. 

20. Breached for my uncle. ^ Cloudy, and a thin meeting. 

21. Walked out and visited. At evening had considerable company. 
Many fine singers here. 

22. Quite cold. My uncle is an excellent man. People here trade con- 
siderably. 

23. We have had a ver)- fine visit here. Set out for Plymouth. Came on 
to Mr. Everett's' at Wareham, and unfortunately found him and his wife gone. 
Dined. Wrote him a letter and came on. Went into the furnace at Carver, 
and arri\ed at Plymouth safely. Quite cold. 

24. My Uncle W. Le Baron,-' whom I have not seen before, appears quite 
agreeably. \\"alked out and visited. 

25. Dined at Aunt Thompson's.* She having failed through misfortune has 
again begun in trade, and has fair prospects. This town is in a very great 
tumult respecting a minister. 

26. Dined at Gen. Goodwin's. A verj' elegant dinner. Saturday and 
Sabbath evenings here .seem to be considerably devoted to visiting. Talked 
freely with my friends on sentiments in divinity. 

27. Heard Mr. Kendall preach. I think it will be a great misfortune to 
this town to have him for their minister. I fear he will lead souls astray. At 
evening attended a conference. 

2S. A rainy day. Saturday evening my cousin Chandler Robbins came 
here from the eastward on a short visit. This town in a great ferment on 



' A son of Rev. Lemuel Le Baron, minister that preached for him that day was, Oct. 16, 

at Rochester. This cousin had graduated 1.S32, installed as colleague. This parish is 

that fall at T.rown Universitj-. now knorni as Mattapoisett. Rev. Mr. Le 

= Isaac Robbins from Ohio. It will be Baron died in 1S36, in his 90th year. 
remembered that he appeared at N'orfolk, * Rev. Noble Everett, a native of Wood- 
only a few weeks before, on his way from bury, Ct., graduated at Yale in 1775, and 
Ohio to his home in Plymouth. minister at Wareham from 1782 to 1819. 

' Lemuel Le Baron, born in 1747, two = William Le Baron, born 1751. He was 

years after his sister, the wife of the Norfolk si.\ years younger than his sister Elizabeth, 

minisicr, w.as graduated at Yale in 17OS, and <■ Irene Robbins, daughter of Rev. Phile- 

was settled in Rochester in 1772, where he mon Robbins, of Branford, married Mr. G. 

remained for life. He continued sole pastor D. Thompson. We suppose her to be the 

till 1S3;, sixty years, when the young man " Aunt Thompson " he speaks of. 



1799-1 ON A JOURXEV TO PLYMOUTH. >rASS. - 99 

account of a billet which was yesterday pinned on the cushion, and addressed 
to the minister. At evening it appeared to be from my cousin P. G. Robbins." 

29. In the morning set out for Boston. Fine weather. Saw the Presi- 
dent's situation in Quincy." Arrived at Boston in the evening. 

30. Found friends more and better than I expected. A great deal of 
parade in honor of the President's birthday. The most splendid militaiy 
parade that I ever saw. There is a great deal of business done here. The 
streets verj- full and crowded. At evening attended the theater with my 
cousin J- Le Baron. 

31. My feet and ankles are quite sore with walking on the pavement. 
Called on Mr. E. N. Robbins. He was very hospitable. If I shall ever go to 
Boston again he will assist me into inquiring into our ancestn'. Left Boston. 
Called and visited Mr. Cobb, of Kingston, who is one hundred and five years 
old last April. Arrived safely at Plymouth. 

NOVBMBCR. 

1. Visited friends. Quite cold. At evening attended a meeting with the 
brethren of the church, to converse about a minister. Some of the serious 
people seem to be strangely deluded. 

2. Took an affectionate leave of all friends, and set out for home with 
mv sister. Dined with Mr. Barker,' of Middleborough, and came on to 
Taimton. 

3. Ver\- cold all day. Preached for a new society three miles from the 
center of the town. The center of the town is determined to have a Cam- 
bridge Arminian* minister. At evening had company. 

4. Cold morning. Rode through a part of Attleborough and Rehoboth to 
Pawtucket.' Tarried with Dr. Shumway. Saw the mill-works, gun-works, 
cotton-works, etc. At evening preached a lecture to a pretty large audience. 

5. Came through the State of Rhode Island to Plainfield. My sister 
rides verv' well.' Found friends kind. 

6. Rode to Norwich. Came on to Lebanon, and tarried with Mr. Gur- 
lev.' Fine weather. 



' Peter Oilman Robbins, the j-oungest ^ This remark seems to suggest that this 

child of Dr. Chandler Robbins, bom in 1781, was a horseback journey, 
and now only si.xteen or seventeen years old. " Rev. John Gurley, the maiden name of 

^ Travelers through Quincy for nearly a whose wife was Mary Porter, of Hebron. 

hundred years, have been careful to take a great aunt of the editor of this diar}'. He 

look at the Adams's mansion. has spent many days and nights in this old 

' Rev. Joseph Barker, already noticed. parsonage house. Here were bom John W. 

* Arminian as used in connection with the Gurley, a brilliant lawyer, killed in a duel at 

Congregational churches of New England at New Orleans, Marv-, wife of Rev. Dr. Gillett, 

the beginning of this century, was a general of Hallowell, Me., Henry H., member of 

rather than a strictly technical term. It im- Congress, and judge in Louisiana, Ralph R., 

plied a low state of doctrine, and of practical for a long course of years Secretary of the 

piety. American Colonization Society. After the 

5 Pawtucket was not then a town, but a death of Rev. Mr. Gurley Mrs. Gurley mar- 
part of Providence. ried Gen. Absalom Peters. 



iro DIARV OF RK.V. THOMAS ROBBIN'S, D.D. [l799- 

7. Rode through Colchester to Marlborough. Received thirty dollars' 
from this society. 

8. Rode to'ji.irtford. Tarried with Mr. .Strong." Afternoon something 
rainy. 

9. Left Hartford, and at evening arrived home.' Found all well. We 
have had an exceeding prosperous journey. Our most sanguine wishes have 
been answered and plans accomplished. This week has been remarkably 
good weather for the season. What shall we render to the Lord for all his 
mercies? O bless the Lord our souls. 

10. I think I never saw a fuller congregation in this town. The w^ork of 
God continues here with great power. I preached in the afternoon. At 
evening attended conference. 

11. Received letters whicii had come for me in my absence ; one from Mr. 
N. Munger/ and one from Mr. Andrews, Middlebury, Vt. My horse is pretty 
poor.' 

12. Rainy. Afternoon a number of persons were examined, to be pro- 
pounded for communion. My parents hope that my brothers James and 
Francis Le Baron are subjects of the divine work in this place. Laiis d 
gloria. 

13. Quite cold. My sister's health is essentially benefited by our journey. 
Wrote. Read newspaper. 

14. Weather ver\- pleasant. Wrote considerably. Attended to my father's 
scholars, three of whom, we hope, are serious young inen. 

15. Last night we had considerable company, and today they are sick. 
Afternoon Mr. Smith, of Sharon,' came here and preached a lecture. Another 
company went off. 

16. Rode to Litchfield. Got acquainted with Mr. Allen. Rode back to 
Goshen, and tarried with Mr. Hooker.' Last Sabbath twenty-five young 
persons were added to his church. 

17. In the moming Mr. Grossman, of Salisbury, and wife came here by 
mistake expecting to have exchanged with Mr. Huntington,' of Litchfield. I 
preached in the forenoon, Mr. Grossman in the afternoon. 



' This, as may be remembered, was the ' Rev. Cotton Mather Smith, a native of 

sum due him when he left Marlborough, in Suffield, Ct., a graduate of Yale, 1751. Set- 

the month of April previous. tied at Sharon from 1755 to 1806, fifty-one 

' Dr. Nathan Strong, before noticed. ^ears. 

' About thirty miles from Hartford to ' Rev. Asahel Hooker settled at Goshen 

Norfolk. From Norfolk to Plymouth, through from 1791 to 1813. A prominent educator in 

Rhode Island, and back home, a journey of divinity. His daughter was the wife of Dr. 

about two hundred and eighty miles. Elias Cornelius, one of the early Secretaries 

' .Mr. Nathaniel Munger was chosen one of the American Education Society, and also 

of the selectmen of Middlebury, Vt., in the of the American Board. 

year 1795. ^ Rev. Dan Huntington, father of Bishop 

- If, as we suspect, he had recently carried Fred. D. Huntington, whom we have before 

Thomas Robbins and sister to Plymouth and noticed in connection with visits to the Nor- 

back, he may be excused for being a little folk parsonage, and as tutor at Yale and 

worn and weary. Williams, was settled in 1798 at Litchfield. 



1 799-] AT HOME AT NORFOLK. lOI 

i8. Rode'to Warren. !Made a visit at my Uncle Starr's. At night rainy. 

19. Ver)- cold. Afternoon preached a lecture. My cousin P. Starr at a 
very great loss what course of life to pursue. 

20. Rode home. Dined with my brother A. at Canaan. The turnpike 
road through this town is just completed, and very good indeed. My cousin 
S. P. Robbins ' now here on a visit. Xow keeping school and studying 
divinity with Mr. Hyde,^ at Lee. 

2 1 . My cousin went off. Read newspaper. Worked some. 

22. Wrote a letter to Dr. Baylies,^ of Bristol, R. I. My cousin Isaac 
Robbins'' came here from Plymouth. 

23. Wrote to my Uncle Starr. Last night Mr. Judson tarried here on his 
return from Air. Weeks's • ordination at Waterburj-. My mamma gave me a 
plain gold ring. Wrote in this almanac from a plain diary which I have kept, 
as I lately bought this at Boston. 

24. A full and attentive assembly. At evening attended a conference. 
Something rainy. 

25. Wrote. Studied some in genealog}'.* At evening my father returned 
from Warren. He preached there yesterday, and at Sharon last Thursday, as 
if passing under the frown of Providence in not specially visiting them in the 
present revival. 

26. Very- cold. Afternoon rode out and attended a conference. At even- 
ing received a letter from the committee in Brookfield,'' requesting me to go 
there and preach. Received a letter from Uncle Starr. 

27. Worked considerably. May we have sincere hearts to celebrate a day 
of thanksgiving and praise. 

28. This is Thanksgiving Day in this State, Massachusetts, New Hamp- 
shire, and I believe in Vermont. A ver)' good day, and full meeting. My 
father preached. Never had this and the neighboring towns such infinite 
cause for thanksgiving as now. Had an agreeable time at home, which may 
be the last Thanksgiving I shall ever enjoy at my father's house. At evening 
it snowed. 

29. Set out for Brookfield. Snow not enough for sleighing. Dined at 

Goshen. Came to Warren. Uncle Starr and church committee exaniinina: 
,. Ro. , . » 

cand- js for communion. 



j.^n of Dr. Chandler Robbins, and be- ■* Probably on his way back to Ohio. 



Coll 



ecie 



Jticed. 5 Rev. Holland Weeks, settled at Water- 



jT 1 ev. Alvan Hyde, D. D., another well- bury in November, 1799, but his stay was 

170S heological educator of his day, pastor short. He was dismissed in 1S06. 

z „ Mass., from 1792 to 1833. A graduate *■ He began to show his taste for this kind 

of Wil '-"^°"'-'' '" 1788, a native of Franklin, of study, at an early age. He was one of the 

jl) Tj (-. early genealogists of New England, a leader 

3 ™j.)r. William Baylies, native of Uxbridge, and originator in this department. What- 

ford iC ^ S''^^"'"^ °f Harvard in 1760, a dis- ever he did he had to do under difficulties, 

ate DuV''^^'^ physician. He was resident at Now the helps for this labor have greatly 

AVe h-°"' ^"^ °^'^'^"y "'^ much at Bristol as accumulated. 

J- • of Court of Common Pleas and Reg- 'Brookfield was in Fairfield County, nearly 

I. Sf Court of Probate. thirty miles south from Norfolk. 



DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROIiBINS, D.D. 



[1799- 



30. Quite cold. Came on to Xew Milford. Dined with Mr. Taylor.' He 
appears old and quite unwell, .\rrived at IJrookfield. 



1. Preached. Quite cold. Pretty full meeting. I fear I may dishonor 
the religion which I have professed, and the cause which I attempt to proclaim. 

2. Read Du V-xa'i,^ History (^f the Destruction of Helvetic Liberty. Weather 
moderate. I hope we shall not have so severe a winter as two or three of the 
List. 

3. Read Xi:::ltt Tlww^hls. I li\e at one Deek's. 

4. Finished Du Pan's History. \'isited Deacon Camp, who was one of 
my father's deacons for several years. 

5. There appears to be no special seriousness in this quarter. On the 
ist of September the English army in Holland, under the Duke of York, made 
a general attack on the French and Dutch, and were compelled to retreat to 
their former position. Read Xii;ht Thoughts. Snowed some. 

6. Walked out. Warm. The drought last summer was very great in this 
part of the country, and generally the latter harvest was light. Wrote. Read 
History of Gustavus Vasa.^ 

7. It snows, but the weather is warm 
Man. and on Criticis/ii.* 

S. Much troubled with nose bleeding, 
opposed to sound sentiment. 

9. Xcvj cold. Rode out and visited. 
Gustnius J'lisa. 

10. I could not get one of Thomas's almanacs for this year, till I bought 
this at Ijoston in October. 1 have however kept a diary all the year. Writing 
off my diary. Read the Bible. 

11. W'rote in my diar\-. Wrote on my family piece. ^ 

12. Read. Weighed one hundred and twenty-nine; three or four pounds 
more than I ever have. Rode out and heard Mr. Rogers,' of New Fairfield, 
preach a lecture. Visited. 



Wrote. Read Pope's Essay on 
The people here are generally 
Finished reading the History of 



' Rev. Nathaniel Taylor had at this time 
been minister at New Milford fifty-one years. 
No wonder that he appeared old. He was 
the father of Prof. Nathaniel \V. Taylor, 
D. D., so long the distinguished teacher 
of theology in the New Haven Theolog- 
ical Seminary. Rev. Mr. Taylor, of New 
Milford, died in the year following this 
visit. 

' James Mallet Dupan. His work had 
reference to the invasion of Switzerland by 
the French. It was translated from the 
French, and published in London in 179S. 

^ ./ l.ifi- of Gustavus I'asii, in two volumes, 
was published in New 'i'ork in 1791. This 



was probably the work referrea 
diarv. 



the 



ativt 

. „ . ^ Set- 

■* Pope s Essav on Criticism was pul. 

> ,', • , ., . ty-one 
m 171 1. Aw able writer describes It a 

questionably the finest piece of argu , 

five and reasoning poetry in the !• fl ^ 

His Essay on Man, which has be 1 r t) 

known among people at large, was ,.ib . . 

oil- & ? . tanes 

. i , . 1 also 

^ Genealogical record of his family. 

^ Rev. Medad Rogers, minister at- . 

Fairfield, 1786-1S22. He was gradual c 
,. ° efore 

\ ale in 1777. This church was organi.-^j 

1742, and is now one of the smallest Cc , 

, . and 

gational churches in Connecticut, - , , 



1799-] PREACHIXG AT EROOK.FIELD, CT. I03 

13. Wrote in my diar}-. Worked out and visited. Began to read Pres- 
ident Stiks's Life} Cold. 

14. Finished copying my diary, whicli cost me much labor. The President 
made an excellent address at the opening of Congress. Mr. Sedgwick, of 
Stockbridge, is chosen speaker. The armies in Holland had a terrible en- 
gagement on the 2d and 3d of October, in which the Bavarians and Italians 
were defeated. Many people here quarreling with the Scripture doctrines. 

15. Weather very pleasant. Burhans,'' the former Episcopal minister at 
Lanesborough, now settled at Newtown, preaches here even,- fourth Sabbath. 

16. Rode out. It snow-ed considerably. No sleighing here hitherto. Read. 

17. Finished reading the Life of President Stiles. It is a very valuable 
piece of biography. Quite cold. 

18. Read in a small work of Rev. Mr. Hooker,' of Hartford. Walked 
out and visited. 

19. Rainy. Rode to New Fairfield, and preached a lecture for Rev. Mr. 
Rogers.'' At evening attended a conference. Some hopeful appearances of 
seriousness there. 

20. Rode down to Danbury, and visited Mr. Langdon.' Very poor.'' 
People sleigh some, though there is little snow. Rode back to Brookfield. 

21. Read the Bible. Wrote on a sermon. Visited a school nearby. 

22. Preached plainly. At evening had considerable company. This is 
the last Sabbath for which I was hired here. The people have agreed for the 
present not to have preaching in the extreme season. 

23. Was requested to go and teach the public school in Danbur\-. I have 
not expected to teach school any more ; but as I am not at present engaged, 
and as there is a prospect that I shall be employed to preach there, or near 
b\-, I have engaged. This latter was my chief motive, for I hope by lea\-e of 
providence, I may never renounce that employment, which is the delight of 
my soul, and the desire of my younger years. Received a letter from Mr. 
Weeks,' of Waterbur)'. 

24. Last evening heard a report of the death of Gen. Washington,^ but 
could not believe it. Today it seems to be strengthened. O that it may be 
false ! Had company. Received tw^enty dollars from this town. 

25. Rode to Danbury.' The hero and father of America is indeed gone 



' Tlie Life of Ezra Stilfs, President of Vale * See note Dec. 12, 1799. 

College, written by his son-in-law, Dr. Abiel ' Timothy Langdon, graduated at ^'ale in 

Holmes, o£ Cambridge, was published in 1781, and settled at Danbury 17S6. 
1798. ''"Very poor "an expression which will 

- Rev. Daniel Burhans, D. D., graduate be often used ; means very ill. 
of Williams, 1804, received his degree of ' Rev. Holland Weeks. 

D. D. from Trinity College, 1834. * Washington died December 14, and the 

' The famous Thomas Hooker, of Hart- first rumors of this most impressive event 

ford, 1636-1647. Not far from thirty separ- reached Danbury ten days afterwards. So 

ate publications were made from his writings. slowly did things move in that generation. 
We have no clue as to which one he was ' Only four or five miles from Brookfield 

reading. to Danbury. 



I04 DIARV OF KF.V. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l799- 

from the world he founded. Afternoon began my school. Quite cold. Wrote 
home. 

26. I board with a Mr. Whittlesey. In coining from Brookfield, I spilled 
ink from my ink-stand in my saddle-bags and damaged my clothes. 

27. The weather moderates considerably. At evening visited Mr. Lang- 
don. Pretty poor. 

2S. My school yet is very small. Tiiey are very ignorant in things of 
religion. The newspapers seem to be filled with lamentations on the death of 
Gen. Washington. . The whole countr\- seems to be in mourning. All seem 
to think that his character is above panegyric. Put a ribbon on my arm as 
most of tile gentlemen have done. 

29. Mr. Langdon being unwell, I preached all day. At evening had 
company. 

30. Rainy. The snow is gone. From the i6th till now, it has been very 
comfortable winter weather, and people have moved both with carts and with 
sleighs all the time. At evening a coinmittee of the town requested ine to 
deliver an oration on Thursday, on the death of Gen. Washington." The time 
is short, but 1 have undertaken it. Began iny oration. 

31. In the forenoon no school for want of wood. Wrote on my oration. 
Adieu 1799. 



' Young Robbins was only twenty-two years old, and it was a striking testimony o£ 
confidence to ask him to perform a service of this dignity and importance. 



18 OO - 

January. 

1. O for humility under a sense of my inattention to the infinite mercies 
of a glorious God. Am so taken up with my school, writing my oration, etc., 
that I cannot devote this day as I ought. Weather cold. 

2. In the morning finished my oration.' Afternoon attended public exer- 
cises in commemoration of the death *oi Gen. Washington. About noon a 
procession, civil, militarj-, and Masonic, very long, moved in good order to the 
meeting-house. There was verj- good vocal and instrumental music. I made 
the first prayer and delivered my oration. Rev. Mr. Ely, of Bethlehem." 
concluded. There was a great concourse of people, and everv-thing was 
conducted worthy of the solemnity of the occasion. Dined out. 

3. Newspapers from all quarters are in mourning. Congress has recom- 
mended to wear a badge of mourning for thirty days, and they (members of 
Congress) are to wear black during the session. At evening invited out. 

4. Quite cold, but no snow. Afternoon rode to Ridgebury.' 

5. Preached for Mr. Camp.* He is quite poor, not like to live long.' 
This is a very small society. Very cold. Rode back to Danbury. 

6. Monroe ' is chosen Governor of Virginia. Received a letter from the 
committee of this town requesting a copy of my oration for publication. I am 
disappointed, and don't know what to say. At evening invited out. 

7. My school increases. The coldest weather we have had. Afternoon 
no school for want of wood. Began to write off my oration. 

8. At evening visited. Wrote. There is no New Year's address from 
Hartford.' 

9. Weather moderates. The French succeed against the allied powers.^ 
Visited. Traded considerablv. 



' He had but three days for his writing. ' Mr. Camp recovered from this illness, 

- This was Rev. John Ely, of Bethel, not and lived till 1S13. 

Bethlehem. The place now known as Beth- ' James Monroe, aftenvards President of 

lehem was then commonly wTitten Bethlem. United States. Governor of Virginia, 1799- 

This last was the place where Dr. Joseph 1S02. 

Bellamy filled out his long ministry of fifty- ' Omitted probablv because of the mourn- 

one years. From Bethel came Prof. Laurens ing for Washington. These annual addres.ses 

P. Hickok and Pres. Seelye, of Amherst were usually humorous, and would have 

College. seemed out of place at a time like this. 

' Ridgebury, an ecclesiastical parish in the ° The reference here is ))robably to the 

town of Ridgefield, was only four or five miles battles of Bergen and Alkmaer, in which 

from Danbury. the allied armies were defeated, Sept. 19, 

■* Samuel Camp, a graduate of Yale, 1764, 1799, and the battle of Zurich, in which Mas- 
minister at Ridgebury, 1769-1S04. sena beat the Russians, Sept. 25, 1799. 

105 



I06 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [iSoo. 

10. .^[\• father's two classmates, Whites," live in this town. They are both 
Sanflcinanians.^ 

11. Talked seriously with my school. They are ignorant. Wrote on my 
oration. Rode to Ridgeburv. I have agreed to preach there several Sabbaths. 

12. Mr. Camp decays. People here pretty attentive. Returned. 

13. At evening finished copying my oration, and sent it away for publica- 
tion. Wrote a letter to Mr. Tucker of this town. 

14. Traded some. Read Gen. Lee's oration on the death of Geor'^e 
Wasliington, delivered at the rec|uest of Congress. ■" 

15. The newspapers from all quarters are filled with lamentations, eulogies, 
and poems on the death of Gen. \\'ashinglon. I believe it is certain that 
there was never such a striking instance of a nation in mourning. It is not 
iin.nginary but real. 

16. \'ery warm for the season. My boys play ball freely. My school 
consists of about thirty scholars. At night much afflicted with my old diffi- 
culty of a pain in my face. \\"rote a letter home. Mr. L. Knapp from 
Norfolk called to see me. Received two letters from my father. Mr. Lan^^- 
don and I do not fully agree in religious sentiment. 

17. .\fternoon quite rainy. Was invited to a great supper. Troubled with 
my pain. 

iS. Had a great coat made. Hope my school is inquisitive " in serious 
things. Rode to Ridgebury. 

19. Quite cold and tedious. At evening returned. 

20. My health is uncommonly good this winter. My school worries me 
vcp,' little, but I find very little time to study. At evening attended a 
wedding. 

21. Was invited to supper with a great company. O that I may not be 
permitted to dishonor the religion I have professed. 

22. Verj- good weather. No snow at all. Some troubled with the head- 
ache. 

23. Inspected a proof-sheet of my oration. .\t evening walked out. Read 
in Sandenianian books. 

24. My school consists of a little over thirty. Many of them have not 
been governed very well. Mr. Langdon' appears to be in a consumption. 

25. There has been another explosion in Paris evidently effected by Bona- 
parte.' Rode to Ridgebur)-. Quite cold. 



■These were Joseph Moss White, and * "Inquisitive." Several times Mr. Rob- 
Rev. Kbenezer Russell White, in the class of bins uses this word where we should say, 
1760, at Yale, with Rev. Ammi Ruhamah "attentive to," or "interested in." 
'^"'j''^"*' ' Mr- Langdon, the pastor of the Danbury 

- Followers of Robert Sandenian, of Scot- church, was fatallv ill, though he was a young 

land, a small sect not differing much from man comparatively, only having been nineteen 

other Christians in respect to their doctrinal years out of college. The disease which year 

belief, but having many peculiar forms and by year carries off such multitudes was prey- 

"^^■"'"""- ing upon him. 

Gen. Henry Lee, a prominent officer ' The Directorv abolished, and Bonaparte, 

under Washington during the Revolutionary Ducos. and Sieves appointed an executive 

\N ar, now a member of Congress. commission November, 1799. 



iSoo.] TEACHING SCHOOL AT DANBURY, CT. I07 

26. Ver\- cold. Last night received of Ridgebur)- society twelve dollars 
and one half. People here appear attentive. O that good may cijine. 
Returned. 

27. Inspected another proof-sheet of my oration. At evening had a long 
talk with Mr. E. R. White' upon principles. The Sandemanians are very 
mild. 

28. My oration is published." It appears as well as I expected. At even- 
ing walked out. Very cold. 

29. Severe cold. The most extreme weather we have had this winter. 
Set out for home. Rode as far as Warren, and tarried at my uncle's.' 

30. Dined at my brother's in Canaan, and arrived home safely finding all 
well, though in mourning. My sister B. is down froin Paris. My brother N. 
is gone to Plymouth. Were it not for that our family could be all together, 
which has not been for several years. 

31. Weather moderates. At evening much troubled with the pain in my 
jaw. Some sleighing in this town, though almost all the way between here 
and Danbury is bare. 



1. Last night we had a very severe snow-storm. Paid a debt to a mer- 
chant. At evening talked seriously with my brother and sister on the solemn 
transaction they expect to pass through toinorrow. 

2. I preached in the forenoon, and my father in the afternoon. I had the 
affecting pleasure of seeing my father admit into his church my sister Sarah 
and brother James.' 

3. Last evening attended the conference. The special seriousness con- 
tinues here. My father has admitted into his church one hundred and twenty- 
tive persons since last June. 

4. Last night it snowed and hailed considerably. Dined at Warren, and 
tarried at Brooktield.' Afternoon it rained some and thawed veiy much. 

5. Arrived at Danbury and began school. Weather quite warm and 
snow goes fast. Read the details of late events at Paris.' There is some 
prospect that royalty will succeed ; but it is very small. It is said that Louis 
X'VII,' who is said to have died in 1795, is still alive. 

6. Had a very severe turn with my jaw. Read. 

7. Wrote. The sleighing is nearly gone. 



' Rev. E. R. White, father of the two ' Rev. Peter Starr. 

Sandemanians already spoken of, was, in * It was this event probably, that called 

1736, made pastor of this Danbury church. him home for this niid-winter visit. 

After being settled nearly thirty years, he led ' His last preaching-place before going to 

off a company, and formed what was called Danbury. 

"The New Danbury" church. After a time * "The Consulate. Napoleon Bonaparte, 

this new organization joined with the Sande- Cambaceres, and Lebrun appointed consuls, 

manians. Dec. 24, 1799" 

' A gratifying fact to a young author, and ' The story of the Lost Prince had already 

especially under the peculiar circumstances begun, and only a few years ago filled a 

of this case. volume. 



lo8 DIARV OK RKV. THOMAS RORniXS, D.D. [1800. 

8. Amazing stupidity in all matters of rcli;,non prevails in this quarter. 
Afternoon rode to Ridgcburj.' 

9. In the morning it snowed \ery hard. A ver)- good snow about eight 
or nine inches. Had few hearers. At evening returned. 

10. I!y previous appointment had a serious meeting with my school. 
Some others attended. Am requested to preach here on the 22d^ of the 
month. Would be glad to be excused, but it seems almost indispensable. 

11. Yen- good sleighing. .\t evening walked out. Read. 

I J. Pretty cold. .At evening rode in a sleigh to Brookfield and back with 
company. 

n- Had no school in the forenoon for want of wood. At evening walked 
out. Very cold. 

14. Began my sermon on Isa. .xliv : 28.^ It snowed almost all da\'. 

15. Wrote considerably. O for more tenderness of spirit. 

16. Last e\ening went to bed at about half past eleven. At half past one 
Mrs. Whittlesev was taken sick, and at sunrise a fine son was born. Slept 
\erv little.' Was quite unable to preach. Rode to Ridgebury. At evening 
attended a singing-meeting. 

17. Returned. Very fine sleighing. At evening had a meeting with my 
school and others. 

18. Am invited out to tea almost ever}' day. Wrote on my sermon. 

19. My school requires much attention, and at times is quite wearisome. 
Walked out. 

20. .At evening finished my sermon on Isa. .\liv : 28. I am under a 
disadvantage in writing upon the subject as I have already written, and that 
[his address] is published. 

21. M'rote to my father. Quite warm. The snow goes very fast. 

22. This is the day appointed by Congress to commemorate the death of 
Gen. Washington. It was generally attended to in the country. The 
exercises were lengthy, and as I performed the whole (Mr. Langdon being 
unwell) I was very tired. We had the usual exercises of a Sabbath afternoon ; 
then read Gen. Washington's valedictor)- address, which employed fort)'-five 
minutes, then had music. Our music was very good.' Dined out. 

' In su])])lying the pulpit at Ridgebury ' Tlie text chosen for his sermon on the 

during Mr. Camp's illness, Mr. Rohbins usu- 22d. It was a very suggestive te.xt from its 

ally rode over from Danbury Saturday after- rich historical connections and associations. 

noon, and returned Sabbath evening. It was " That saith of Cyrus, he is my shepherd, and 

a short journey, and in exigencies he went shall perform all my pleasure: even saying 

over Sunday morning. to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built ; and to the 

■ Congress had requested the people of temple. Thy foundation shall be laid." 

the United States to observe Washington's ■• As he was never to have any children 

birthday this year, as a sacred day of com- himself he was more sympathetic under the 

memoration. The 22d fell this year on Sat- circumstances than might have been expected, 

urday. His oration, before delivered, was s ^ commemoration like this in one New 

publislK-d, and it was rather hard for a young iMigland town, may be taken as a kind of 

man not to repeat himself on such a subject. sample, showing what was going on that day. 

It shows, however, great confidence in him far and wide, throughout the country. No 

on thi. i\irt of llie people of Danbury, to urge man can ever again be to this land what 

tills sciond service upon him. Washington was a century ago. 



l8oo.] TEACHING SCHOOL AT DAXBURV, CT. I Of) 

23. Rode to Ridgebur)-. The sleighing is about finished. At niglit verv 
tired." 

24. Returned. At evening had a serious meeting. Will the God of all 
grace let one drop of mercy fall upon it ? 

25. It is customarj- here for little children to have dances, even the young- 
est in my school.^ Walked out. Snow is almost gone. 

26. Mrs. Whittlesey gets well verj- fast. There is a prospect that a 
militarj' academy^ will be established in the United States. 

27. Wrote. Quite warm. At evening walked out. 

28. Mrs. Whittlesey's mother, the wife of E. R. White, my father's class- 
mate, died in the afternoon of a consumption.* Quite cold and chilly. 

March. 

1. It snowed all the forenoon ver\- hard. Afternoon rode out in a sleigh. 
The snow is verj- much drifted. 

2. Rode to Ridgebur}', preached and returned. The Sandemanians have 
no prayers at funerals.' 

3. At evening had a serious meeting. The snow goes pretty fast. 

4. Warm. At evening rode in a sleigh to Ridgefield ; made a visit to 
Mr. Goodrich,^ and returned. 

5. Poor sleighing. My school [scholars] are pretty wearisome. 

6. At evening rode to one part of the town, and preached a lecture. Mr. 
Rogers was down from New Fairfield, and a number of his people. 

7. Ver\' cold. Capt. Truxton has fought a very hard drawn battle with a 
French ship.' 

8. I do not know that any special seriousness is on the minds of my 
school. 

g. It snowed moderately all day. Thin meeting. At evening returned. 
10. Received a letter from mv father. Mr. Bogue." of Winchester, like to 



' His work on Saturday, followed by two feasts, or dining at each other's houses dur- 

sernions on Sunday, might well make him ing the intervals of public worship ; still 

tired. others were the washing of each other's feet, 

^ This is one of those little side lights, the kiss of charitj' on receiving new members 

which help to show us what wrong impres- to the church, something like a community 

sions people have of the New England of the of goods, etc., etc. 

past. ' Rev. Samuel Goodrich, graduated at 

' The institution at West Point was opened Yale, 17S3, minister at Ridgefield, 17S6-1S11. 

in the following year, 1802. He was father of Rev. Charles A. Goodrich, 

* It does not appear that Mrs. Whittlesey settled in 1S16 over the First Church of Wor- 
was a Sandemanian, though her father was. cester, and of Samuel G. Goodrich, " Peter 
Still she would naturally be kindly disposed Parley." The two brothers were for many 
to those with whom her father was thus years associated at Hartford, Ct., in the pub- 
associated. Mrs. Whittlesey's mother was lication and sale of the Peter Parley books, 
probably well advanced in life, as her hus- ' Not an action of much consequence prob- 
band was forty years out of college, and she ably, as it does not stand in the list of im- 
was a grandmother. portant naval battles. 

'= This is one of the Sandemanian pecul- ° Rev. Publius V. Eogue, settled in Win- 

iarities. Another was a weekly celebration Chester, January, 1791, dismissed March, 

of ihe Lord's Supper. Another was love- iSoo. 



liO niARV OF RF.V. THOMAS ROHBIN'S. D.D. [iSoO. 

be dismissed. Received anotlier from Uncle Starr, and one from a committee 
in t'aslleton, Vt., requesting me to go tlicre to preach. O for direction ! At 
cxcning had a ver)- serious meeting. 

11. .Snow goes ven- fast. My school are prett\- much engaged learning 
dialogues." Was disappointed in getting some of my orations from the printers, 
as tlicy arc all sold." 

12. Read. The sleighing is gone. I drink tea out the greater part of the 
time. 

I ^. Quite warm and pleasant. Rode to Ridgebury. and attended a 
wedding. 

14. Mr. Langdon quite poor. It appears most likely he will not be able 
to preach long. There seems to be a kind of rest ainong European armies. 

15. Rainy. Visited an old woman near her death. Rode to Ridgebury. 
Ver\' bad riding. 

16. ^'er^• pleasant. Pretty full meeting. Visited a man lying insensible 
below his hips by a fall from a building. It is supposed his spinal marrow is 
broken. Returned. Had a hard time with my face. 

17. At evening had a meeting. Wrote considerably on a dialogue which I 
began on the 15th. 

18. Rainy. Walked out. Finished my dialogue. 

19. Mr. Livingston,' in Congress, having brought forward some resolutions 
censuring the President for his conduct respecting Thomas Nash, they were 
negatived sixty-one to thirty-five. The committee visited my school, and 
appeared well pleased. 

20. At evening walked out. There are many orations, sermons, eulogies, 
published on the death of Gen. Washington, and many of them very good. 

21. Yesterday wrote to my Uncle Starr. Wrote to the committee at Cas- 
tleton. Vt. Quite rainy. 

22. Wrote to my father. A long, cold, and wet storm. Think of having 
an exhibition of my school. 

23. Rode to Ridgebur\-. Ver\' bad riding. Attended a funeral. 

24. Returned. A long, cold storm. At evening had a full and serious 
meeting. 



' He is preparing for an exhibition. the treaty between the United States and 
= The popular demand was doubtless in- Great Britain touching the extradition of 
creased by the peculiar feelings among the criminals. But the enemies of the President 
people, consequent upon the death of one so claimed that the man returned was not a 
honored and beloved. British subject, but an American citizen by 
' Edward Livingston, a member of Con- the name of Jonathan Robbins, of Panbury, 
gress from New York City 1795-1S02, intro- Ct. On these resolutions of Mr. Livingston 
duccd some resolutions censuring President a great debate arose in Congress. John Mar- 
Adams. The case was this: President Adams shall, of Virginia, then forty-five years old, 
had given back to the British government closed the debate with a powerful speech de- 
one Thomas Xash, charged with having com- fending the President, and the resolutions 
mitted murder on board a British frigate. failed, as above, bv a vote of sixtj' one to 
The President acted under the conditions of thirtv-five. 



iSoo.] TEACHING SCHOOL AT DAXBURY, CT. HI 

25. The French have got a new constitution, and in operation. Bonaparte 
is at the head.' He has written a letter to the British king on the subject of 
peace. Lord Grenville" answers it, refusing to depart from established forms.' 

26. Rode to Brookfield, and attended the ordination of Air. Ripley.' 
Fonned some acquaintance with the ministers and returned. Spring is fast 
advancing. 

27. Fine weather. At evening walked out. 

28. Wrote. Received yesterday a present of nearly seven dollars from a 
number of people here for preaching on the 22d of February-.' After consul- 
tation with some judicious persons I have agreed to tr)' and have an exhibition. 

29. My first engagement here being out the first of April, I ain requested to 
continue longer. .After due consideration, and I hope not without a sense of 
duty concerned, I have agreed to continue. Rainy. Rode to Ridgebur)-. 

30. Mr. Camp is much better than I expected ever to have seen him. He 
concludes hereafter to try to preach. Quite tired. The new French constitu- 
tion is formed with great art. The first consul has nearly as much power as 
any of the sovereigns of Europe. 

31. Returned. The frost is mostly out of the ground. Had a stage made 
in the court-house for my exhibition, which I have appointed and advertised 
to be on Wednesday. Afternoon rode to the eastern part of the town, and 
preached a sermon at the funeral of a young woman. Quite cold. 

April. 

1. In the morning while my school were in high spirits preparing for our 
e.xhibition. Divine Providence visited us in a most striking manner. A little 
boy between ten and eleven years old, youngest in the school, who has been a 
constant member while at home, was kicked by a horse on the back of his 
head, and in a moment sunk into eternity. Determined to defer our e.xhibi- 
tion till Friday. 

2. Very warm. Afternoon attended the funeral with my school. Mr. 
Langdon preached. It was a very- solemn season. O for grace. 

3. Preparing for our e.xhibition. Warm. Am much more healthy this 
spring than I was last. 

4. Rainy. Afternoon had a ver)- good exhibition ; all my own composi- 
tion.' My school appeared to very good advantage. 

5. Quite rainy. Last night had thunder. On the 2d I received twenty- 
four dollars from the committee at Ridgeburv. 



' First consul, as before stated. 5 y^^ ^ great sum of money, but it. was 

^ Lord Grenville, William Wyndham. for a single sermon, and the ordinary- pay at 

' The established forms meant that kings that time for a Sabbath's ser\-ice involving 

should treat with kings, and not with men, two sermons, at least, was on the average 

born subjects. about five dollars. 

* Rev. Erastus Ripley, graduated at Yale, ' It will be remembered, when he taught 
1795. The previous minister, Thomas Brooks, at Torringford, that he prepared all the mate- 
died in September, 1799, ^f'^'' ^ ministry of rial for the e.xhibition, just as he had done 
fort)'-two years, and Mr. Robbins had sup- here. He seems to have had a remarkable 
plied the pulpit part of the lime in the interim. facility in this kind of writing. 



112 DIARV OF RKV. THOMAS ROBBIVS, D.D. [iSoo. 

6. Mr. Langdon preached in the forenoon, and I in the afternoon. 
Attended the holy sacrament. O for a heart to feel its solemnitj-. 

7. Cool. People beginning to plough. Rode to New Milford. Roads 
pretty dTV. 

8. Had a good visit with Mr. Taylor." He appears to be near his mortal 
goal. Rode back to Danbur)-. 

9. Degan my school for a .second quarter. 

10. Cool. The prospect is that I shall have a large school this summer. 
The school has received celebrity from my exhibition. 

11. This day is the Fast through this State. O that God would enable his 
people to be humble. Saw blossoms on a fmit tree. At evening had a pretty 
serious meeting. 

12. Rainv. Afternoon wrote. Poor Ireland is like to be swallowed in 
the vorte.x of British policy. 

i_^. In the morning rode to Bethel and preached." Rainy all day. 

14. .\ serious storm. Returned. At night had a meeting. 

15. My school increases. Worked on a mathematical question stated in 
the papers. Many persons, particularly children, sick. 

16. Received a letter from my father, enclosing one from the committee in 
Southampton.' Mass., requesting me to go there and preach. Think I must 
decline. 

17. Quite warm. People are gardening. Spring advances rapidly. A 
prospect of an early season. 

18. Read T/ie Forrcshrs.* Very warm for the season. Had a pain in my 
face. 

19. Last night being in great pain in my face, I took a quantity of lauda- 
num. At two times, I believe, I took thirty or forty drops. In consequence 
am quite sick. I have rarely had so sick a day. Toward night with difficulty 
rode to Ridgefield. 

20. Mr. Goodrich' rode to Danbur)-. and preached for Mr. Langdon. Had 
a full and attentive meeting. Very tired. 

21. Returned. Rainy. Determined to have my meetings steadily Mon- 
day evenings. Whether the divine blessing will attend them I know not. 

22. It is said that Gen. Washington is spoken of in the handsomest 
manner in m.iny London papers.' Cold and wet. Yesterday received a 
letter from my father enclosing one from Charlotte, Vt, requesting me to go 
there and preach. Wrote an answer to Southampton, and to Charlotte.' 



' Rev. N'athaniel Taylor, before mentioned, ' T/ic Foi-restcrs, an American tale, being a 

grandfather of Nathaniel \V. Taylor, D.I)., so sequel to the History of Jolm Bull the Cloth- 

eminent as a theological teacher in the Vale icr, sixteenmo. Boston, 1796. By Jeremy 

Seminary. He was very near his end, but he Belknap, D. D., Boston, 
had been more than fifty years in the ministry s See note March 2, iSoo. 

at New Milford. * There is now no land beneath the sun 

• I'reachcd for Rev. John Ely. where the name of George Washington is not 

■' Southampton, Mass., is a small town, regarded as one of the grand and shining 

but noted for the large number of ministers names ot the race. 
it has raised up. ? Declining both invitations. 



iSoO.] TEACHING SCHOOL AT DANBURY, CT. H3 

23. Wrote home. My school makes me considerable care. It does not 
appear to be ascertained whether a new Pope ' is elected. 

24. Finished reading The Forresters. A prett)- thing. The votes of Massa- 
chusetts seem to be divided between Mr. Strong and Mr. Gerr}-' for Governor. 
Visited Mr. Langdon. Very poor. Amazing preparations in Europe for the 
ensuing campaign. Germany, Russia, and England seem determined on the 
restoration of monarchy in France.^ 

25. It is ver)- evident that Gen. Washington was greatly esteemed in 
Europe. Wrote. Walked out. 

26. The committee of this society have requested me to preach here till 
lune. I have agreed to, Deo volente. I have commenced a sermon on Rev. 
xxii: 17. At night a thunder-shower. Many people are tried for sedition, 
and all found guilty.* 

27. In the forenoon quite rainy. Preached all day. 

28. A very- warm and growing season. At evening had a meeting. 

29. Wrote considerably. The utmost exertions are made in die city of 
New York by Federalists and Anti-Federalists, respecting the approaching 
elections in that city. 

30. Rainy. Fruit trees are generally blossoming ver}- promisingly. Wrote. 

May. 

1. Worked with my children cleaning the door-yard of the school-house. 
Quite cool. 

2. Worked considerably at the school-house. My school is very 
agreeable. 

3. We have had lower}- weather about a fortnight. Wrote considerably. 
Finished my sermon on Rev. .x.\ii : 17. 

4. Preached in the forenoon more than an hour on the subject of mis- 
sions, and contributions foi their support. Afternoon above twenty-three 
dollars were collected.-' At evening had a full and serious meeting. 

5. Dined with the military- company. The militia here appear \ery well. 
Training here on the green today.' In the evening all hands dance. Even 
the least of my school join the game. No less than four different sets [com- 
panies] are dancing this evening. In the morning a little frost. 



' Pope Pius VII was elected March 13, these foreign subjects were regarded with 

1800, but it is doubtful whether the news had great suspicion, and these laws were provided 

reached this countrj-, so that it could already so that the President might expel these peo- 

have been circulated among the people. pie from the land if they were suspected of 

^ Caleb Strong and Elbridge Gerry. Mr. conspiracy. But these laws were subject to 

Strong was chosen Governor in 1800, and such abuse that they soon became unpopular 

was reelected until 1S07. and were repealed. 

^ They succeeded after a time, but the - This was the first Sabbath in May, when 

monarchy somehow did not stay restored. in all the Congregational churches of the 

' The alien and sedition laws, so called. State collections were taken lor missions by 

were enacted by Congress in 1798. It was State authority. 

estimated that there were at that time in the ' First Monday in May training day in 

United States 30,000 subjects of France, and Connecticut, and largely a holiday. In Dan- 

50,000 subjects of Great Britain. As there bury it was kept as a thorough holiday, young 

was then prospect of a war with France, and old joining in festivities. 



114 DIARV OK REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.P. [iSoo. 

6. Yesterday and toda\- are liotli plav days, so that I do not keep school. 

7. Quite rainy. Began to read Payne's Givgra/^ky} 

S. The Anti-Federal ticket has prevailed in the city of New York, and 
they have chosen Democratic members for their assembly. It is said that 
this will make a majority of Democratic electors in their legislature, and bring 
Jefferson into the Presidential chair. Blessed be God that all things are in 
His hands, and may He avert such an evil from this countr}-, for His name's 
sake. 1 do not believe that the Most High will permit a howling atheist to 
sit at the head of this nation ! " 

9. Read. Received a letter from Mr. Goodrich, of Ridgefield. Grain is 
very scarce in Europe. The king of Denmark is dead.^ 

10. We have had steady cool weather for about three weeks. I fear my 
scholars are fearfully stupid. 

11. Had a full and serious meeting. Preached with plainness on "Is 
there no Balm in Gilead .' " 

12. Very w-arm. Wore thin clothes. Fruit trees are in all their pride. 
At evening had a good meeting. Wrote home. Wrote to Mr. Whittlesey, 
now- in Hartford. 

13. A ver)- growing season. My school is pretty large. Read Payne's 
Givgmp/iy. 

14. Wrote to my Uncle Starr. Endeavored to collect former facts respect- 
ing my school. 

15. Very warm. Thunder-shower. Wrote the history of the public school 
in this town. 

16. Mr. Langdon quite poor. Vegetation comes on rapidly. 

17. There is still hope that the New York Legislature will be Federal. 
My school considerably inquisitive about serious things. 

1 8. The people here are pretty attentive at meeting. I conclude they 
have not been greatly used to doctrinal preaching. 

19. The Democratic papers speak with great vagueness of the triumph of 
their cause. We hope and pray that the Most High will interpose.* 

20. V\'ent to see wax-work. Rainy. 

21. Cool for the season. It is said that the Emperor of Germany is dan- 
gerously ill. 

22. After school rode to New Fairfield, and preached a lecture. Quite 
tired. Last eveniuLr had a serious meetinar. 



' Uniz'ursal Geography, two volumes, folio, son Frederick was appointed regent ; but 

London, 1791, by John Payne. Christian VII did not die till 1808. 

- We let this sentence stand just as it is, •> The Most High did not interpose in the 

because it so clearly shows how high party sense here intended, and Mr. Jefferson be- 

spirit ran about the beginning of the present came President in iSoi. But by that act 

century. This language came from a mild- God did interpose to prevent Aaron Burr, 

tempered, gentle, Christian man. What then one of the wickedest men that ever figured 

could come from one of a violent and stormy in American politics, from becoming Presi- 

tempcr. dent; and Mr. Jefferson was not the horrible 

' That was probably a false report. Chris- man that the good people of New England 

tian VII became deranged in 1784, and his thought he was. 



iSoo.] TEACHIXG SCHOOL AT DAN'BURV, CT. II5 

23. Returned. Rainy. It is said that the \e\v York Legislature will have 
a Ixire majority of Anti-Federalists. J\Ir. Pickering' is dismissed from office, 
and Mr. McHenr\'= has resugned. Gen. Marshall Ms appointed Secretan,- of 
State, and Mr. Dexter/ of War. 

24. Warm. Sixteen persons have died in Newtown in about a month 
without any apparent epidemic. 

25. Pretty full meeting. People here, in a measure, seem to forget the 
Sabbath except during public worship. Saw Francis Benedict from Norfolk, 
who infonned me that my father was considerably unwell. 

26. A hard rain. Wrote considerably. My school consists of forty 
scholars. 

27. People generally are much disheartened about the approaching Presi- 
dential election. Our hope must be in the Most High. 

28. I get pretty tired in my school. In the evening had a meeting. More 
grown people attend than have heretofore. 

29. Wrote to my old friend Davis,' now tutor at Yale College. 

30. It appears that England and Austria must fight the French. The 
Russians have w-ithdrawn from the coalition. It appears that our commis- 
sioners are like to make a peace with France. 

31. The Archduke Charles,^ on account of ill health, has withdrawn from 
the scene of war. Put my horse in a carriage for the first time.' Had no 
injuiy. 

June. 

1. Rainy. People here very easily pre\-ented from attending meeting." 
Very tired. Mr. Langdon very poor. 

2. Preparing for my journey.' Very warm. Afternoon dismissed my 
school for two or three weeks. Received money from the school committee. 

3. The warmest weather we have had this year. Rode from Danburj- 
through Litchfield home. Found both of my parents unwell. 

4. My father was taken sick at Farmington, on his way to the election 
on the 7th ult., and had perhaps the hardest turn he has ever had. He was 
absent from home nearly three weeks. He is apparently getting his health 
again, but has not yet preached or attended meeting, except last Sabbath 



' Timothy Pickering, of Salem, Mass., ' This horse, given him by his father, had 

Secretary of State. been kept in constant use for more than a 

^ James McHenry, Secretary of War. year and a half. With him he had made 

^ John Marshall, of Virginia, appointed journeys, shorter and longer, of many hun- 

Secretary of State in place of Mr. Pickering. dreds of miles, and yet this is the first time 

■* Samuel De.xter, of Massachusetts, ap- he has ever been tried in a carriage. This 

pointed Secretary of War in place of Mr. fact itself would show that he was living in 

McHenry. the horseback age of Ne%v England. 

5 Henry Davis, tutor at Yale, 1798-1S03, * Sunday rains have long had a peculiarly 

afterwards President of Middlebury and Ham- injurious effect upon people. 

ilton Colleges. ' We have heard nothing before of any 

''Charles Louis, of Lorraine. Archduke intended journey ; but we shall soon discover 

of Austria, born 1771, died 1S47. the occasion for it. 



Il6 DIARV OK REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1800. 

afternoon. ' My nianima li.is frecjuenl poor lurns. Quite tired with my yes- 
terday's labor. 

5. Rode out with my niaimna. Worked some. 

6. fool. Worked considerably whitewashing. My father has ten schol- 
ars, the most, grown young men, four of tliem professors of rehgion. 

7. Read Tin l-'ornstcrs. Rode out in a carriage. People in this town 
much engaged in making roads after the manner of turnpikes. 

8. Preached. Had a very full and serious meeting. At evening attended 
a conference. 

9. On the 6th rode to the south part of the town, and attended a confer- 
ence. Preparing for the General Association," which is to meet here next 
week. 

10. Wrote to Miss Rachel Starr, one of my school-girls. Quite warm. 
Rode to Canaan with my father and attended the association.^ 

11. Afternoon returned. Very hot. My mamma quite unwell. Much 
troubled with nervous affections. 

12. Worked considerably. My brother went to Salisbury, to the dedica- 
tion of a new meeting-house, which is supposed to be the best in the State. 

13. We have much to do in preparing for the General Association. Am 
very healthy. 

14. Worked. Afternoon rode with my mamma to my brother's in Canaan. 

15. Preached for Mr. Farrand.* He is quite old and failing. Last night 
my mamma had a very bad turn ; unable to attend meeting. 

16. Rode home early. Worked. Towards night ministers came.' 

17. About noon the ministers generally came to attend the association. 
I have much care and labor. Of thirteen associations twenty-three members' 
were present, three delegates from the General Assembly of the Presbvterian 
Church, two other ministers from Virginia, and several neighboring ministers. 
The association was opened before dinner. Mr. Hart, of Preston,' was 
moderator. Afternoon a sermon was preached by Mr. Backus," of Somers. 

iS. The ministers mostly sup and breakfast where they lodge, and all dine 



' His father had now been in the pastoral reached Norfolk Monday night. The old 

office at Xorfolk nearly thirty-nine years. Connecticut General Association was purely 

' The meeting of the General Association a ministerial body, with no lay delegates, 
of the State in one of the country towns, was <■ Two delegates were ordinarily appointed 

a great event, not likely to be repeated in from each district association, so' that if all 

that particular town for a life-time. This is had been there, there would have been twenty- 

what called Mr. Robbins from his school in six. 
^^"■^"O"- ' Levi Hart. D. D., of the Second Church 

-' This was the local district association, in Preston, Ct. (now Griswold), was one of 

Litchfield North. the prominent ministers of the State, and 

' Rev. Daniel Farrand, minister at Canaan, was well known as a theological teacher. 

i75:-i803. He was a graduate of the col- He was graduated at Yale in 1760, and was 

lege of New Jersey in 1750, and received the minister at Preston, 1762-1808. 
degree of A. M. from Vale in 1777. 8 Charles Backus, D. D., of Somers, was 

■' All journevs were made with horses, and still more celebrated as a theological teacher, 

some of the members of the association but was cut off in middle life. 



iSoo.] TEACHING SCHOOL AT DAXEURY, CT. I 17 

here.' The people are ver\- kind. Afternoon a sermon was preached by Mr. 
Freeman from Dutchess Coimty, N. Y. 

19. In the forenoon a sermon was preached by Mr. Freeman from Virginia. 
About two o'clock the association adjourned, and after dinner the most went 
awav. 

20. Much worried. Wrote. Bought a repeating watch ; cost fifty dollars. 
Had a new bridle made ; cost two dollars and one-half. 

2 1 . Afternoon left home for Danbury. Rode to Warren. A ver\- dr)- season. 

22. Last night a ver}' plentiful shower. What shall we render ? Preached 
for my Uncle Starr. At evening attended a conference. Ver}' happy effects 
of awakening. About seventy persons have been added to my uncle's church 
in about half a year. In Norfolk in less than a year there have been more 
than one hundred and thirty added. 

23. Rode to Danbury. A woman died here with the small-pox on the 21st. 
It is supposed she took it from a child who came home too soon.^ 

24. In my absence there has been a request for me to preach at Weston.' 
Began my school. Verj' warm. 

25. Wrote to the committee at Weston. Mr. Langdon has been a journey 
for his health, and appears to be helped. A man has undertaken to publish a 
Democratic paper'' in this town. At evening had a meeting. 

26. Yesterday eat green peas and new potatoes. Traded considerably. 
Bought a piece of linen at four cents a yard. People beginning to mow. 

27. Last evening had a request to deliver an oration at Ridgebury on the 
4th of July. Am sorn,-. Today wrote to Esq. Waterman, of Weston. At 
evening rode to Ridgebur\-. Found it very difficult to avoid attending with 
them on the 4th of July.' 

28. Returned to Danburj-. Rode to Weston. Mr. Johnson, the minister, 
is old' and about resigning. He was classmate with my father. 

29. There are many sectaries, especially Episcopalians,' in this quarter of 
the State. 

30. Returned. Cool nights. 



' That is, they were quartered all over eral that any Democratic invasion of this 

the town, but to save travel they were all kind into one of the old Connecticut towns 

dined at the center by the contributions of was not likely to be generally popular, 
the people. ' He had preached there so much that it 

'^ This marks a very important difference would seem ungracious not to comply with 

between innoculation for the small-pox and their request, which was meant to be compli- 

vaccination. The real small-pox might be mentary. 

taken from one who was passing through ' Mr. Johnson had been there thirty seven 

the disease resulting from innoculation, but years. The diary says he was "about r-- 

nothing of the kind can occur from vaccina- signing." But he seems to have remained 

tion. there till his death, which occurred in 1810. 

-' The place called Weston is that part of " This is reversing the order of calling hard 

the ancient town now known as Easton, and names. Members of the Established Church 

was about t^velve miles southerly from Dan- of England are fond of calling other men sec- 

bury. The minister there was Rev. James taries and dissenters. But in New England 

Johnson, who was graduated at Yale in 1760, for two hundred years, Congregationaiists 

and settled in Weston in 1763. were members of the Established Church, 

■* Connecticut had been so strongly Fed- and Episcopalians, etc., were dissenters. 



1j8 diary of rev. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [180O. 

Jiuv 

1. Warm. The campaign in Europe seems to be opening in favor of the 
Auslrians.' It seems that France and Austria must fight alone. The new 
Pope' has entered upon his functions. 

2. Began mv oration fcjr tiic 4.th. .At evening had a meeting. How sure 
it is that means and instruments arc nothing. 

3. .\t evening finished my oration. Had a severe return of pain in my 
jaw and right side, it having been heretofore on the left. 

4. In the morning we had news of the death of Mr. Jefferson. It is to 
be hoped that it is truc.^ Rode to Ridgebury, and attended the exercises 
about noon, then returned ; attended and assisted here about three o'clock.'' 
There was here great parade, civil and military. Things were conducted with 
great regularity. Very warm. 

5. Rather unwell. Rode to Weston. Quite hot. 

6. Full meeting. Almost overcome with heat. Thermometer rose to 
ninety-one. 

7. Returned. Afternoon excessive hot. Thermometer at ninety-four 
degrees. Mr. Langdon very poor. 

8. Worked some at hay. A very hard shower. The new Pope has 
entered vipon his functions by washing the feet of twelve priests. 

9. Weather continues very hot. Lord Nelson has recei%-ed presents of 
immense value since his recent victory. Yesterday eat cucumbers. 

10. Last evening had a meeting. Worked at hay. People in the heat of 
haying. 

11. Wrote to my father. Thermometer at about ninety every day this 
week. 

12. The news of Mr. Jefferson's death is contradicted. My children 
appear to be very stupid. Rode to Weston. 

13. Very warm. Much worried. People here appear to be exceeding 
stupid and thoughtless about divine things. Rode to Reatling^ and tarried 
with Mr. liartlett.'' 

14. Returned. Cooler. The prospect seems to increase that we shall not 
have a Federal President. 

15. This town is peculiar tor good gardens. Quite rainy, which comes 
very seasonably. 



' It was some stray and uncertain report about four miles from the one place to the 

I)robably that caused this entry. Through other. 

the months of May and June, iSoo, several <■ Rev. Nathaniel Bartlett, a graduate of 

battles were fought, in all of which the Aus- Yale, 1749. A most able and excellent min- 

trians were defeated ister, who died in iSio, at the age of ninety- 

- Pius VII. four, being at the time of his death the oldest 

' This is another outburst of the political minister in the State. Besides serving the 

picjudice and hate common at that time. church faithfully in his life, at his death he 

' He had a busy 4th of July. left it a legacy of $3,000. He was a native of 

' \ow spelled Redding. This place ad- Guilford, Ct. The name Bartlett is frequent 

joined Weston, and the ride was one of only on our college catalogues. 



l800.] TEACHING SCHOOL AT DANBURV, CT. I ig 

i6. Weather much cooler than it has been. At evening had a pretty full 
meeting. 

17. Showed to the overseers of schools some writings of my scholars for 
premium, ^^'orked some at hay. 

18. Gave premiums to several of my scholars. Saw a lion. I never had 
an idea of such ferocity.' 

19. Very warm. Rode to Weston.' This week people generally will get 
in their harvest, perhaps the best known for many years. 

20. At eleven o'clock the thermometer was at ninety-. Preached with 
great plainness. 

21. Received from this society twenty dollars. Disputed with a Unitarian. 
Returned. Visited some sick persons. 

22. Quite, cool. Finished writing a piece for the public paper. 

23. Read Spalding^ on the new heavens, and the new earth. I believe he 
is wrong, but find some difficulty. At evening had a meeting. 

24. Perhaps the present war in Europe has never been carried on with 
greater obstinacy than now between France and Austria. 

25. Very warm. Thermometer at ninety-three. Some gentlemen visited 
my school. Attended the funeral of an infant. A shower. 

26. Wrote a piece for publication. Rode to Xewtown.'' This is a much 
more handsome place than I expected. 

27. Preached for Mr. Clark.' Very warm. Returned. 

28. Helped in making some currant wine. Afternoon walked out. Saw 
!Mr. Ripley' from Brookfield. 

29. Closed the second quarter of my school. Accounts are that the 
French are obtaining great successes.' 

30. Excessive hot. The thennometer rose to ninet3'-four. Have difficulty 
in breaking my horse in a carriage. At evening had a meeting. 

31. Wrote to my father. Wrote a piece for publication. Thermometer at 
ninety-seven. Eat succotash. 

August. 

1. Wrote to my brother X. Had pain in my face. 

2. Wrote a piece for publication. Last night a little rain. A dry season. 
Afternoon rode to Canaan,' a part of Norwalk. 



' This, for a full-grown man w ho had been ^ Rev. Jehu Clark, graduated at Yale in 

through college, seems like child-like simplic- 1/94, and settled in Newtown in October, 

ity. But Barnum, though he originated in 1799, less than a year before this visit. Mr. 

that part of the State of Connecticut, unfor- Robbins had doubtless known him at college, 

tunately had not yet been born. and preached for him as an act of friendship. 

' He is supplying the pulpit there. Rev. ' Erastus Ripley, ordained at Brookfield 

Mr. Bartlett, Senior, is even now eighty-four the March previous, 

years old. His son Jonathan was settled as ' This is a true report, 

colleague with him in 1796, and continued ° This was not the tirwu of Canaan, but a 

till 1S09, but was forced to resign because of ill parish of the town of Norwalk, which is now 

health. The son was probably sick at this time. known as the town of New Canaan, lying 

' John Joachim Spalding, an eminent Swed- between the present Norwalk and the New 

ish clergyman. York line, about eighteen miles south from 

* About eight miles from Danbury. Danbury. 



PIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. 



[1800. 



3. ?R'achcd for Mr. Mitchell." Towards evening Mr. Lewis," of North 
Stamford, came and preached a third sermon. Very dry in this quarter. 

4. Relumed. Mr. Langdon quite ]ioor. 

5. Quite c lol. Began a new quarter in my school. 

6. .\ worthless Democratic paper in this town contains some remarks 
upon me. It gives me no uneasiness, and I am satisfied it will not injure my 
character.' .\t evening had a meeting. 

7. AVrote to Mr. Goodwin,* printer in Hartford. Rode to Bethel and 
back. Wrote considerably. 

8. Very warm. A shower of rain. Began a dialogue, Columbus.^ 

9. A rainy day. Wrote a piece for publication. 

10. Mr. Ciondrich, of Ridgefiekl,' preached here. I was a hearer all day. 
Read Spalding's" lectures. 

11. My .school increases. A ver\' growing season. 

ti. Genoa was given up by the French on the 5th of June.' They were 
reduced to extremities. It is said that they are at the same time successful in 
other parts of Italy. 

13. The Superior Court is sitting here. Dismissed my school to attend. 
Had a hat made for my father. 

14. Last evening had a meeting. Read the Z/ft- of Columbus. Received 
a letter from Mr. Goodrich. 

15. Wrote home. .\X evening a number of attorneys here. At evening 
Dr. Morse, the Democratic printer' here, was called before the selectmen and 
made a confession which he is to publish. 

16. Afternoon rode to Norwalk. At evening quite unwell. 

17. Rainy. The earth very dry. Preached for Mr. Burnett,'" he being 
absent. 



' Rev. Justus Mitchell, graduated at Yale, 
1776, settled over this Canaan parish 17S3- 
1S06. 

' Rev. h\\\z\ Lewis, graduated at Yale, 
176S, was pastor at North Stamford, Ct., 
1795-1S19. 

' We shall see what became of this editor 
by and by. 

■* George Goodwin, so long one of the 
owners and publishers of the Connecticut 
Cmiraiit. The Connecticut Couraut, one of 
the early New England papers, was estab- 
lished in 1764. In 1773 it was bought by Mr. 
Ebenezer Watson, who carried it on till 1777, 
when he died. Then Mr. George Goodwin, 
a young man of twenty-one, was associated in 
business with Mrs. Waison, and the pa])er 
was carried on for two years under the name 
of Waison & Goodwin. In 1779, Mrs. Wat- 
son w.AS married to Mr. Itarzillai Hudson, 
and for many years the firm of Hudson & 
Goodw in was one of the best known in the 



State as a printing and publishing office. 
Mr. Goodwin lived till May 14, 1S44, dying 
at the age of eighty-eight. His son, of the 
same name, a graduate of Yale College, died 
in 1S7S, at the age of ninety-si.\. 

^ Mr. Robbins's dialogue or drama on 
Columbus was written doubtless for histor- 
ical instruction, rather than for tragic or 
comic effect. 

* See note March 4, iScxD. 

' See note July 23, 1800. 

^ Genoa, which had been in the possession 
of the French, was blockaded by an English 
and Austrian fleet, starved out and compelled 
to capitulate. A few days later, June 14, 
after the signal defeat of the Austrians at the 
battle of Marengo, Genoa was restored to the 
French. 

' The discipline of the Democratic printer 
has begun. 

'" Rev. Matthias Burnet, D.D., pastor at 
Norwalk, 17S5-1S06. 



l8oo.] TEACHIXG SCHOOL AT DAXBURY, CT. 12 1 

i8. Returned. Had a ven- hard turn of pain in my face. It is my right 
jaw which is now affected. 

19. It appears Bonaparte is again, in a measure, overcoming Italy. After- 
noon my sister S.' came from home to make me a visit. 

20. Quite sick with the dysentery. At evening had a full meeting. 

21. Quite cool. New ciderMs quite plenty. Walked out with my sister. 

22. The cities of New York and Philadelphia hope to escape the yellow 
fever this year. Mr. Langdon very poor. \\'alked out with my sister. 

23. Wrote a piece for publication. Afternoon rode to Wilton. Ver\- 
warm. 

24. Very full meeting. This is a society of Norwalk. Their minister 
lately dismissed.' 

25. Returned. At evening my sister had company. People here treat her 
with much attention.* Bonaparte has beaten the Austrians in a great battle 
at Marengo in Italy.' Genoa and many strong places are given up to the 
French. 

2G. My school consists of more than forty. 

27. In the morning rode out. Went out to dine. A shower. 

28. Very hot. Mr. Langdon poorer than I have ever seen him. Visited 
with my sister. Rainy. 

29. Wrote home. My sister went off in the stage. Visited a sick woman 
apparently near gone with a consumption. 

30. Afternoon rode to New Milford.' Our cities have sanguine hopes of 
escaping the N'ellow fever this season. 

31. Preached. Last night a hard rain. At evening returned. 

September. 

1. Had no school it being a training day.' The greater part of my school 
children dance. It being customarj' here I cannot prevent it. I do not 
believe a town in the State can produce so respectable a militia as this. Two 
companies of infantrj-, one of cavalrj', and one of artiller}-, all in uniform.' 
belong to this society. 

2. Wrote a piece for publication. 



' Sarah Robbins. the venerable Rev. Nathaniel Taylor had just 

- Cider, in that day, was as innocent as died. Mr. Taylor had a colleague settled 

water. with him in 1790, Rev. Stanley Griswold, who 

' Rev. Aaron Woodward, graduated at became a Unitarian, and was dismissed in 

Yale in 1789, had been settled at Wilton, 1802. 
1794-1800. ' The first Mondays in May for the spring 

^ On his account and on her own. She trainings, and the first Mondays in Septem- 

was now twenty-one, a young woman of su- ber for the fall trainings. This was the old 

perior mind and engaging manners. Connecticut rule well remembered by all the 

^ This battle, as already stated, was fought boys, 
on the 14th of June, 1800. ' This was certainly a handsome military 

' Mr. Robbins went to New Milford for a record for Danbury. There was considerable 

Sabbath's supply. This is the church where local pride in military affairs in other towns. 



J,, DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROEBINS, D.D. [1800. 

3. Visited a woman apparently near unto death witli a consiunption. 

4. The woman I visited last evening died. Yesterday was Commence- 
ment' at Willianistown. The last four I have attended. 

5. This day my father is si.xty years old. Attended the funeral' .Spoke 
freelv. Weep not for me, but weep for yourselves and your children. Quite 
cool.' Received fifteen dollars and ten cents from this society. 

6. Had a pair of boots made. Rode to Ridgetield. 

7. Preached.' Quite warm. M evening returned. 

8. Yesterday Mr. Griswold," of New Milford, preached here and was gen- 
erally very well liked. It appears he was very erroneous.^' Received money 
from the school committee. .Afternoon set out for New Haven.' Rode to 
Weston. 

9. Rode to New Haven. Quite warin. My parents are in town. At 
evening heard Abraham Bishop' deliver a very foolish and inflammatory 
Democratic oration two hours long. 

10. A good Commencement. Not so many people, particularly clergv', as 
usual. At evening my father preached a Co/ia'o ad Ckrum ; ^ very serious. Saw 
many old friends. 

11. Attended the P. B. K. Society. Rode to Branford. 

12. Went down to the sea' with my parents and other friends. Sailed. 

1 15. Rode in a carriage to Northford,'" and visited my father's cousin, Capt. 
Foot. Very hot. Returned. 

14. In the morning rode to North Branford, and preached in the forenoon 
for Mr. Eells." At noon returned. My father preached in the forenoon, and 
I in the afternoon, in the same desk in which my grandfather'- preached near 
forty years. 

15. Rode to New Haven. Bought books; thirty-five volumes for about 



' Commencement at Williams College then day. In later years it was on Tuesday even- 
was the first Wednesday in September, and ing, and now for several years, it has ceased 
at Yale the second Wednesday. altogether as one of the exercises of Com- 

• That is, of the woman who died the day mencement week. At a meeting of the Gen- 
before. eral Association of Connecticut held at Meri- 

* He preached for Mr. Goodrich. den in June, 1S70, the following minute was 
' See note Aug. 30, 1800. passed. 

- It is implied that he was quite wrong "Resolved, That hereafter the Coiicio ad 
doctrinally, but the people of Danbury did CUrum heretofore delivered at Commence- 
not exactly find it out. ment be transfered to the General ."Issocia- 

' To attend Commencement. tion to take the place of the associational 

' Abraham Bishop was born in New sermon." 

TIaven in 1763, and died there .April :S, 1844. ' The southern boundary of Branford is 

He was gradu.atcd at Vale, 177S. His ora- Long Island Sound, between East Haven and 

tion at New Haven in the summer of iSoo Guilford. 

was long after spoken of as a singular in- "'^ Northford is a part of North Branford. 

stance of inappropriateness for a Commence- " Rev. Samuel Eells, graduated at Yale, 

ment Decision. Mr. Bishop was for twenty 1765, pastor at North Branford, 1769-1808. 

years collector at New Haven. ■- Philemon Robbhis, pastor at Branford, 

'The Ceiuio ,id CUrum seems then to 1733-17S1. This must have been an occasion 

have been on the evening of Commencement of great interest to the people. 



iSoo.] TEACHING SCHOOL AT DANBURV, CT. 123 

thirty dollars." Today is Freeman's Meeting. I believe political parties never 
were higher in this State. Rode to Newtown." 

16. Arrived at Danbury. Fruit very plenty in the lower part of the State. 
In the upper very little. 

17. A very- dry season. \\'rote. At evening had a meeting. 

18. Wrote a piece for publication. A child died in town very suddenly. 

19. Quite sick with a cold and a pain in my jaw. Afternoon could not 
keep school. 

20. Last night an only brother of my Uncle Starr died here after an illness 
of four days. Uncle Starr arrived. Attended the funeral. Mr. Butler,^ the 
Episcopalian at Reading, preached. 

21. I preached in the forenoon. Uncle Starr in the afternoon. Last night 
a hard rain. 

22. Rainy. There appears to be a general armistice between Austria and 
France. Uncle Starr called at my school to see me. 

23. Thought considerably on that te.xt, i Cor. xv : 29.' Don"t know any- 
thing about it. At evening had a meeting. 

24. The Democrats have made verj' great e.xertions in this State of late, 
but have overacted themselves. There are fewer of them chosen to the 
assembly this fall than there have been heretofore. The regiment met here.' 
Appeared ver}' well. Dined with the field officers. 

25. There is considerable horse-racing here. In weeks past I have written 
seven numbers to show that Mr. Jefferson will never be President of the 
United States, which have been published.' Wrote on my drama. 

26. Eat fresh cucumbers. 

27. Quite rainy. Wrote on my drama. 

28. Mr. Gridley,' of Watertown, preached. It has been constantly rainy 
for eight days. 

29. Read Connecticut Evangelical Magazine. 

30. The fruits of the earth are coming in verj' full. Wrote on my drama. 

October. 

1. Had company. At evening had a meeting. People here seem to be 
stupid in the extreme. 

2. Warm. Afternoon rode to Xew Fairfield, and preached a sacramental 
lecture. Returned. 

3. Wrote considerably upon my drama, ^^"alked out and visited. Cool. 



' He was in the early stages of the work Connecticut to have the regimental trainings 

of collecting his large librai^. in every other year, in the latter part of Sep- 

- From New Haven to Newtown about tember. Perhaps that was the custom in 
twenty miles. iSoo. 

^ Rev. David Butler, the Episcopal min- *■ That was labor lost, for Mr. Jefferson 

ister at Grace Church, Redding. 1799-1804. was made President of the United .States, Feb- 

•*" Else what shall they do that are bap- ruary, iSoi, and continued in the office eight 

tized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all ? years without bringing ruin on the country. 
Why are they then baptized for the dead ? " " Rev. Uriel Gridley, graduated at Yale 

- Sixty years ago it was the custom in in 17S3, pastor at Watertown, l7S4-lS::o. 



124 



DIARY OK RKV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l8c 



4. In the morning tlicrc was a frost, the first this season. Afternoon 
rode to Brookfield and back in a carriage. 

5. Preached to young people. O for divine grace to make an impression. 
At night \ery rainy. 

6. At night finished my drama, consisting of eighty-nine pages in quarto. 
Cook 

7. At evening was invited out. Quite cool 

8. 'I'he Democratic editor in tliis town has blown out and moved to Nor- 
walk. The boys attended him out of town with bells, quills, etc' At even- 
ing had a meeting. 

9. Dined out. Mr. Langdon seems to decline fast. Wrote. 

10. My school are much engaged in learning their parts. Wrote on a 
dialogue. 

11. The whole countiy appears to be in a ferment on account of the 
approaching election of President. 

12. In the morning rode to 15rookfield and preached. 

13. Quite rainy. Returned at night and finished my dialogue. 

14. Quite cool. At evening walked out. Read. 

15. Afternoon rode to Ridgebury and attended the funeral of Rev. Mr. 
Camp's wife.- Preached cxtaitpore from Isa. li : 15. Bought a number of 
books of Mr. Camp.^ 

16. Returned. Very rainy all day. Read Fhmvrs of History. 

17. My school much engaged in learning their pieces. 

18. A very hard rainy day. Expected to have gone to Salem;* prevented 
bv the rain. 

19. Preached. Quite rainy. It is said there are about twenty-five Demo- 
crats in our present House of Representatives.- They have their matters 
reduced to system. 

20. Wrote considerably. Had company. Cool. 

21. Crops of corn are said to be very large. 

22. Quite warm. At evening had a full meeting. 'Rs.?lA F/owers 0/ History. 

23. Quite rainy. The committee called to see my school, and appoint an 
exhibition. 

24. Cold for the season. AWilked out and visited. 

25. Afternoon rode to Salem, in the State of New York, to preach. 

26. Had a full meeting. This society rather small. At evening returned. 

27. Preparing for an exhibition of my school. Began to build a stage. 
Had my foot badly hurt. 

28. Dined out. Find it a great deal of labor to prepare for an exhibition. 



' Such was the end of the man who under- ^ The buying of books is to be a marked 

took to publish a Democratic paper in Dan- feature o£ Mr. Robbins's life for many years 

bury, in the good old Federal days of Con- to come. 
necticut. •• Salem is in the .State of New York. 

' Rev. Mr. Camp himself, who was \ery ' The Connecticut House of Representa- 

ill and hardly expected to live, had lecovcied, tivcs was large and the Democrats were a 

but his wife was called away. feeble minority. 



iSoO.] TEACHING SCHOOL AT DANBURY, CT. 1 25 

29. I have so much anxiety and labor, I can eat but Httle and sleep ver)- 
poorly. Dined out. 

30. Had an exhibition of my school. Thirty-two had parts. The per- 
formances continued two and one-half hours, all of my own composition. 
There was a great audience. The meeting-house w-as full. They performed 
beyond my expectation, and to universal approbation. 

31. Cleaned the meeting-house. Afternoon took an affectionate leave of 
my school after being with them ten months in great harmony. It was a 
tr}ing scene.' 

November. 

1. Last evening called on Mr. Langdon. I think he sinks fast. The 
committee requested me to preach five Sabbaths. I agreed to. Afternoon 
rode to Salem. Rainy. 

2. Shower}-. Thin meeting. Societies in this State rather in a disorgan- 
ized situation. 

3. Received of this society ten dollars.^ Returned to Danbur)-. Quite 
cold. 

4. \\'rote home. Began to read Hume's History of England. 

5. Received a letter from my father. Wrote to Mr. Judson,' of Sheffield. 

6. Finished my sermon on 2 Cor. vi : 2. 

7. Began a sermon on John vi : 35. Read Hume. 

8. Finished sermon on John vi ; 35. Warm for the season. 

9. An Episcopalian preached in town, and many people went to hear 
him. I fc:ar if Mr. Langdon should be taken away this society would be in a 
broken state.* 

10. Rode to Newtown to get Dr. Penny to come and see Mr. Langdon. 
Quite cold. 

1 1. Read Hume. At evening walked out. ^My salt-rheum troublesome. 

12. Began a sermon on Ex. .xxxiv : 6. Read Bible. 

13. Wrote all day. Quite cold and tedious. It is said that in this quarter 
it is thought there was never so much Indian corn in one year as this. 

14. Wrote. Mr. Langdon appears to be sinking fast. 

15. Finished my sermon on Ex. xxxiv: 6. Am somewhat troubled with a 
pain in my breast. Traded considerably. 

16. Preached upon Truth. People very attentive. There is an account 
that our envoys at France have made a treat)- of amity and comity.' 

17. The British have taken Malta.* The armistice between Austria and 
France is extended. Received a letter from the society in Milton' requesting 
me to go there and preach. 



'In all his experiences as a teacher m ' Probably not a correct report No treaty 

different places, he was remarkably successful. of the kind seems to have been concluded 

- For two Sabbaths' supply. before 1S03. 

' Rev. Ephraim Judson, his old theological * JIalta was surrendered to the British 

teacher. under Pigot, Sept. 5, iSoo. 

* By several hints, Mr. Robbins evidently ' A parish in the town of Litchfield, or- 

thinks Mr. Langdon and his church not alto- ganized in 179S; but it had no settled min- 

gether in a sound doctrinal state. ister until 1S02. 



126 DIARV OK REV. THOMAS ROBEIXS, D.D. [1800. 

iS. 'I'lic county court convened here. At evening attended a Sandema- 
niaii nieeiing.' They differ from us very little in doctrines; but in modes and 
forms tliey arc absurd in the extreme. Read Hume. 

19. I'rav witli the court and dine with them daily.° Traded considerably. 
Walked out. 

20. Quite cold. Finished reading the Bible which I began at the Psalms, 
Nov. 20. 1798. I lament with shame that I have been so long. Have how- 
ever generally read two or three chapters a day with my school. Saw a 
criminal tried for stealing and committed. 

2 1. ft snowed hard all day. The storm very severe. Read Hume. Be- 
gan a sermon on Heb. .xiii : 2. 

22. f believe the snow is a foot deep. Read Hume and wrote. 

23. Snowed some. Thin meeting, ft appears that the Presidential elec- 
tion depends on the Pennsylvar.ia Senate. Their governor is a Democrat. 
Their House of Representatives is about fifty against twenty, and the Senate 
have eleven Democrats out of twenty-four. They are now in session striving 
to make a law to choose electors, but it appears that a majority of the Senate 
are like to counteract all.^ 

.14. Rode to Bethel in a sleigh and returned. Very good sleighing. Gov. 
Jay' has declined a reelection, ft is conceived to be a great misfortune. 
Began a Thanksgiving sermon on Isa. i : 23. 

25. Last evening began to read the Bible from the beginning in course. 
May God grant in infinite mercy that I may read it with profit. 

26. Finished my sermon on f sa. i : 23.' Traded some. Was invited out 
to supper. 

27. Thanksgiving. Warm and pleasant. The snow thaws considerably. 
Invited out to dinner. 

28. The snow goes fast. Wrote. Invited out to dine. Slept at Mr. 
Langdon's ; he is very low. 

29. Finished my sermon on Heb. xiii : 2. 

30. Thaws considerably. Thin meeting. Mr. Langdon appears to be a 
little better. 

Decrmbf.r. 

1. Read Hume. Quite cold. The prospect of a Federal President 
brightens. 

2. Read. My salt-rheum troublesome. 



' Perhaps he was led to attend the meet- ernor of the State of New York from 1795 to 

ing from the fact that he was boarding with 1801, but decHned being a candidate for re- 

the daughter of one of the Sandemanian election. He died in 1S29 at the age of 

leaders. eight)--four. 

= This was in accordance with the old s jf o^g ^j]i ^gad this text chosen for this 

time ways of New England. Thanksgiving sermon, he will see that the 

' It was a close study in the year iSoo to preacher's thoughts were probably running 

see how, by possibility, Mr Jefferson might upon the condition of the country, and the 

be kept out of the Presidential chair. awful possibility that Mr. Jefferson might be 

' Hon. John Jay, who had already been President. Great is the power of political 

Chief-Justice of the United States, was Gov- prejudice. 



iSoo.] PREACHING AT DANBURY, CT. I27 

3. Began a sermon on Heb. xi : 30. 

4. Writing on the subject of means. Shall destroy a sermon I began on 
that subject Jan. 11, 1799, but never finished, on Jer. xiii : 16. 

5. \\'rote fourteen pages. Troubled considerably with a pain in my 
breast which alarms me. May God give me health if he pleases, but especially 
resignation to his will. Snowed some. 

6. Finished my sermon on Heb. xi : 30. 

7. The Episcopal society of this town have hired Mr. Butler," of Reading, 
to preach here a fourth part of the time for a year. Quite tired. 

8. The Pennsylvania Senate have done laudably. They have brought 
the House of Representatives to submit to their terms in the choice of 
electors.^ Read Hume. Wrote to Miss Clarissa Taylor, one of my pupils, 
now at New Haven. 

9. Read Hume. Troubled with a pain in my breast. Heard of the 
death of Mr. Taylor, of New Milford. 

10. Began a sennon on Isa. Ixvi : 2. Quite cold. Read little. 

11. Rode to New Milford, and attended the funeral of Rev. Mr. Taylor. 
Mr. Bordwell,^ of Kent, preached. A number of ministers present. 

12. Very rainy all day. The streams are very high. 

13. Rode to Danbur}' with difficulty. Finished my sermon on Isa. Ixvi : 2. 
Was requested to continue here till Januar)-. 

14. Mr. Langdon verj- low. Received a letter from my father. Wrote 
home. 

15. Read Hume. Making historical collections for a centurj' sermon.' 

16. Wrote considerably. Read Hume. An admirable historian.' Walked 
out. 

17. Rode to Bethel. Making historical collections. Troubled some with a 
pain in my breast. 

18. Began a sermon on Gen. i : 15. Quite warm. 

19. Wrote considerably, and studied on my centur}- sermon. At evening 
walked out. Quite mild. 

20. Rainy all day. Wrote home. Quite warm for the season. 

21. Quite tired. It appears probable that Mr. Jefferson will be our Presi- 
dent. I think I never heard bad tidings on anything which gave me such a 
shock.' Our prospects had become perfectly sanguine. Contrar)' to the 



' Rev. David Butler, before mentioned. ton's birthday, but was in the line of his 

' Mr. Robbins, about that time, needed to regular preaching, as one supplying the pul- 

read again the story about whose ox it was pit of Danbury. 

that was gored; the anecdote of the unjust ' Yes, in many respects; but his preju- 

judge illustrated by the last picture in Web- dices were often stronger than his regard for 

ster's spelling-book. truth, so that, from a historian he some- 

' Rev. Joel Bordwell, graduated at Yale, times descended to the rank of a special par- 

1756, pastor at Kent, 175S-1S11. tisan pleader. 

■* This century sermon, which he was now "■ Mr. Robbins was to survive this shock, 

setting himself to prepare, %vas not a sermon and to learn that his fears, though in some 

written by request, like his oration on Wash- measure just, were altogether exaggerated and 

ington's death, and his sermon on Washing- unreasonable. 



I2S DIARY 0|- Ri:v. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [iSoo. 

expectation of all parties, Souih t'arolina have all voted for him. Our only 
consolation is that the Lord reigns. May we not complain of his disposal. 

2 2. The frost all out of the ground. Collecting materials for a century 
semion. Invited out to supper. 

23. On the 2ist received a most excellent letter from my dear mamma. 
Began and finished a sermon on Luke xxiii : 39-43. Troubled with a pain in 
my breast. 

24. Wrote on my century sermon. At evening saw a tragedy performed." 

25. Considerably troubled with the pain in my breast. Considerable labor 
to make all the collections for my century sermon. Boys played ball. 

26. Much oppressed with a cold. Began a sermon on Prov. viii : ic;, 16. 

27. Finished my sermon on I'rov. viii : 15,16. It is suggested that the 
weather this week has not been colder than it was in October. Boys play at 
ball till night without the least inconvenience. Received a letter from Mr. 
Curtis Clark, Brookfield. 

28. On the 24th recei\cd a letter from Esq. Everett, of New Milford. 
Wrote one in answer. Received a letter from my brother N. Rainy. 
Preached on public affairs. 

29. Made a hymn for New Year's day. 

30. Still engaged on my century sermon. It costs mucli labor to make 
collections. 

31. Finished my centur)' sermon on Gen. i: 14, at three quarters after 
eleven o'clock, P. M. The vear is now closintr. 



■ In some local e.xhibition probably. It was common in the early years of this century 
for private companies in the country towns of Connecticut to get up dramatic exhibitions on 
quite an extended scale. 



January. 

1. Afternoon preached a centur)' sermon' to a very large audience. 
Quite cold. Received a request from the committee of the society of Milton 
to preach with them. 

2. Last night snowed some. At evening walked out. 

3. Extreme cold. People go some in sleighs. Copying my sermon for 
publication. 

4. Thin meeting. Very cold. Yesterday morning the thermometer stood 
five below zero. Jefferson and Burr have each seventy-three votes for the 
Presidency. It will remain with Congress to decide.^ 

5. Last night snow fell about a foot deep. 

6. Received a request from the civil authority and selectmen of this town 
for a copy of my sermon for publication.^ Rode to Ridgebury. Mr. Camp 
comfortable. 

7. Bought some books of Mr. Camp.* Returned. Afternoon quite rainy. 
An admirable New Year's poem in Hartford paper. 

8. Quite warm. Snow mostly gone. Received sixty-seven dollars from 
this society. Received considerable from the school committee. 

9. Have lived more than a year in this town, and all at one house, very 
agreeably.^ What shall I render to the Most High for all his mercies. Left 
Danbury. Rode to Warren.' Uncle Starr unwell. 

10. Rode to Milton,' a society in Litchfield. Quite warm for the season. 
Rainy. 

11. The meeting-house unfinished. Very hard to speak. Full meeting. 
At evening rode to Goshen." 

12. Rode home.' Never have been so long from home at once. My 
mamma not very well. Cold. 



' There has been discussion in times past ' It was quite a triumph for a man so 

whether the first day of January, iSoo or young as he, to prepare three addresses nith- 

iSoi, began the nineteenth century. It re- in a year, which should be requested for 

quired one hundred years to make the eight- publication. 

eenth century, and the year iSoo was one of * He had bought books once before of 

them, and the nineteenth century therefore Mr. Camp. It had been supposed, as we 

began Jan. i, iSoi. Mr. Robbins's century have seen, that Mr. Camp had a fatal illness, 

sermon was preached as a special religious and this may have led him to part with his 

service, on a week day, Thursday, and it is books, thinking he should not want them, 
gratifying to know that it was preached "to a ' At the house of Mr. Whittlesey, 

very large audience." * About twenty-one miles from Danbury. 

' That religious people in New England ' Four or five miles from Warren in the 

should desire the defeat of Jefferson, and the northwest part of the town of Litchfield, 
election of a man so corrupt as Aaron IJurr, ^ About eight miles from Milton to Goshen, 

is one of those political riddles which are ' About eight more from Goshen to his 

hard to solve. father's house in Norfolk. 



13° 



DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [180I 



13. Set out for I )anbury. Rode to Milton. No sleighing ; bad riding. 

14. Rode to Danhurv. My cousin V. Starr' accompanied me from Warren. 

15. ^'er\• rainv. Considerable thunder. Mr. Langdon very low. Wrote 
on my century sermon. 

16. lns|jected one jiroof-sheel of my sermon. Rode from Danbury to 
New Milford. At evening had a long Democratic dispute with a Mr. Board- 
man," of New Milford. 

17. Rode to Milton. Cold. Quite tired with riding. 

18. Had a full meeting. Very cold. People here appear ver)' stupid. 
At evening had a Democratic dispute with Esq. \\"elsh of this place. Agreed 
to preach here a few Sabbaths. 

19. Rainy. Read the Bible. Had company. I live at a Deacon Munson's. 

20. Rode home. Cold and exceeding windy. Found all well. 

;i. Extreme cold. .Apprehended the most severe weather we have had 
this winter. No sleighing. There has been very little this season. 

:2. The weather is more severe. My brother James came home from 
college. Mr. Bushnell " the missionary, came from the westward, and tarried 
with us over night. 

23. Went with my brother James and got a load of wood.' Difficult mov- 
ing on account of ice ; yet no sleighing. At evening read my play Columbus 
before a number of people by desire. 

24. Read. Saw some people from Vermont. Several families about to 
move from this town to New Connecticut.' Went and got a load of wood. 

25. Preached for my father all day. The subject, Means. At evening 
attended a conference. Ver\- cold. 

26. Left home early. Rode to West Hartford ; got a piece of blue cloth 
my mamma had sent there to be dressed. Rode to Farmington, tat supper 
with Mr. Pitkin ; '' rode to West Britain,' and tarried at a tavern. 

27. Rode to Litchfield and breakfasted, and rode to Danbury. Rode yes- 
terday and today about ninety-seven miles. 

28. Last night it snowed a little. Since the Sabbath the weather has been 
quite mild. Rode to an outer part of the town to collect some facts for my 
century sermon of a Baptist society. Invited out to supper. 

29. Finished copying my sermon for the press. Wrote to Mr. Jacob Gil- 
bert, of Salem. Walked out. Quite rainy. 

30. Stayed at Mr. Langdon's. He appears to be just gone ; declining fast. 
My centurv' sermon was published. Walked out. Warm. 

31. Left Danbur}-. Rode to Warren and tarried. People universally very 
anxious for sleighing. 



' Pcier .Starr, Jr., w.is graduated at Will- ' Western Reserve, or Connecticut Re- 

iams, 1799. serve, Ohio. 

= Probably Mr. Elijah Boardman. ' Rev. Timothy Pitkin, who was settled in 

' Rev. Jedadiah Bushnell, graduated at Farmington in 1752, but was dismissed in 

Williams College in 1797. 17S5. He lived, however, until iSii. 

' I Ic was not above hard work when oc- ' Only a few miles from Farmington to 

casioii called. West Britain. 



iSoi.] PREACHING AT MILTON', CT. 131 

February. 

1. Rode to Milton. Quite cold. Ven- tired. 

2. Read Hume. Troubled some with a pain in my breast. 

3. Read. I presume this country' has never been in such universal 
anxiet)- on account of political matters as at present, since the establishment 
of our present government. 

4. Rode to Warren and to Kent with Uncle Starr.' Attended a minis- 
ters' meeting. Preached.^ 

5. Soft night: it snowed a little. Before that the ground was almost 
entirely bare. Rode to Warren. My horse fell, and threw me off : not 
hurt. Preached a sacramental lecture. 

6. Rode to Litchfield and Milton. Dined with Mr. Huntington.^ Warm. 
^^'rote to Noah ^\"ebster.* New Haven. Many accounts of fires in different 
places. 

7. Read Hume. People move some in sleighs. Had company. 

8. People here seem generally disposed to attend meeting; but pretty 
ignorant. 

9. Rode home. It snowed considerably. Troubled with a pain in my 
breast. 

10. Rode out in a sleigh. My brother Tames went off to college.' 

11. A vast number of people seem in motion to improve the sleighing. It 
snowed all day. Rode out with my father. 

12. Worked getting wood. Quite cold. Read some. 

13. Wrote to my sister B. Rode out. Afternoon it snowed hard. 

14. The snow is quite deep. Difficult moving. Afternoon my father went 
to Milton.' 

15. Quite thin meeting. Ver\- cold and blustering. I think my mamma 
is more healthy this winter than she has been winters past. At evening Mr. 
Bogue, late minister at Winchester, came and tarried with us. He now lives 
at the westward. He appears to be much disappointed on his prospects in 
retiring from the ministry. 

16. Worked some. At evening Mr. Washburn, of Farmington, and his 
wife, came and tarried with us. Heard of the death of Mr. Langdon, of Dan- 
bury. He died last Tuesday.' His funeral was attended on Friday. Mr. 
Goodrich, of Ridgefield, preached on the occasion. The last time Mr. Lang- 
don preached was on the Fast, the nth of last April. 



" He rode to Warren alone, and from dying in 1843, ^t New Haven, at the age of 

Warren to Kent with his Uncle Starr. His eighty-four, 
uncle was now more than fifty years old, hav- - Xow in his junior year, 

ing been settled twenty-nine years at War- '' His father went to Milton to preach on 

ren. an e.xchange of pulpits with his son. From 

- It was a compliment to ask a young Norfolk to Milton about si.xteen miles, 
minister not yet twenty-four years old to ' February 10, and Mr. Robbins heard of 

preach before a ministers' association. it at Norfolk, a little more than forty miles 

^ Rev. Dan Huntington. distant, the following Monday, February 16. 

* Mr. Xoah Webster, author of the Great Mr. Langdon had been between fourteen and 

American Dictionary, was then forty-two fifteen years at Danbury, having been settled 

years old, and he lived forty-t\vo years longer, in 17S6. 



,,2 DIARV OF KKV. THOMAS ROEBINS, D.D. [1801. 

17. Set out with my brother N. in a sleigh to go to Danbur)-. Rode to 
Watertown." It rained all the afternoon. Got ver)' wet. 

18. Rode to Watcrbury.^ It rained hard all day. Towards night rode to 
Wolcott.' 

19. Rode home." Found pretty good sleighing. Yesterday it snowed here 

all day. 

20. Worked some. Warm for the season. Read Hume. 

21. Rode to Milton. O that I may be delivered from stupidity, and 
realize the great work of the gospel ministr)'. 

22. Had" a pretty full meeting. Many people here appear to have bad 
sentiments. I fear Episcopalians are gaining ground.' 

2T,. Read Hume. Walked out. Was informed that Mr. Jefferson is 
chosen President of the United States. I think it is clearly a great frown of 
Providence.' May we learn humility, and may the God of our fathers still be 
our Ciod. 

24. In the forenoon ciuite rainy. Warm. Wrote. Read newspapers. 
2-^. Very warm and pleasant. Snow goes very fast. Rode to Warren. 

26. Remarkably warm for the season.' The sleighing is gone. Returned 
to .Milton. Visited. 

27. Preached a private lecture. Bad riding. Wrote extracts from Hume. 

25. On account of some difficulty here about Episcopalians, I determined 
to be absent tomorrow. Rode to Cornwall.* Very bad riding. 



1. Preached for Mr. Weston.'' Mild spring weather. Ven,- tired. 

2. Rainy. Unwell. The pain in my breast very hard. O for preserving 
mercy. Walked out. 

3. Rode home. Very little snow to be seen ; and the ground is breaking 
up. Such a winter is not remembered. 

4. Quite sick with a severe pain in the left part of my breast. Afternoon 
my father preached a singing lecture. The people here sing excellently. 

5. Rode out. Worked some. INIuch cooler than it has been. 



' More than twenty- miles. note carefully the changes of weather in our 
= Four or five miles from Watertown. ^ew England year, will remember that the 
' Four miles perhaps from Waterbury. j^st jays o£ February, or the first days of 
' That is, back to Norfolk, not having March, are quite likely to be warm. 
gone apparently to Danbury, their original s ^g ^^^jg ^n exchange with the Corn- 
destination. „,all minister. What the precise difficulties 
' .\ little hard to charge the bad senti- ^.gre with the Episcopalians does not appear, 
ments of the place upon the Episcopalians. 5 i>g^,_ Hercules Weston, pastor at Corn- 
<■ Very likely Mr. Kobbins afterwards saw ^.^jj^ 1792-1S03. He was a graduate of Dart- 
that certain evil tendencies in our government mouth College in the class of 1783. Corn- 
were changed by the eight years' administra- „.^ii_ d., was the town in which the Foreign 
ticm of Mr. Jefferson, so that he might have Mission School was opened in 1S17, and was 
been ready to say, continued till 1S26. Here Henry Obookiah 
" From «^>«ia^ evil still educing good." from the Sandwich Islands died and was 
' Those who have been accustomed to buried. 



iSoi.] PREACHING AT MILTON", CT. 1_^3 

6. It snowed hard all day. Read \\'iIberforce's Vino} Had some 
clothes made. At evening my father had a small building burnt by accident. 

7. Rode to Milton. Snow about a foot deep. Warm. Read Hume. 

8. Thin meeting. Bad morning. At evening my brother N. came here 
from Warren and tarried. 

9. Rode to Danbury. Mr. Thomas Starr, of this town, lately left his 
house and cannot be found. Great search has been made. 

10. The neighboring ministers supply the pulpit here at present.^ Snow- 
goes fast. At night very rainy. Some thunder. 

11. Left Danbury. Rode to Washington, tarried at Mr. Porter's.' 
Stopped several times by rain. 

12. Rode to Milton. The snow gone. Extreme bad riding. Had 
company. 

13. Wrote, copying my diary in this book, as I did not obtain it till lately. 
Read Hume. 

14. The pain in my breast hard. Wrote. Mr. Parker.'' a candidate, came 
here wishing to exchange with me tomorrow, and have me go to Washington. 
I cannot go. Rode out and visited. 

15. Walked to meeting. The ground begins to settle. People here 
appear attentive, but I think are very stupid. 

16. Wrote. Rode out and visited. Warm. Ground breaking up. Last 
Wednesday the Democrats in this State had a great fete at Wallingford. to 
celebrate the election of Mr. Jefferson to the Presidency. As I was riding 
through New Milford I heard the cannon.' 

17. Rode to Cornwall. Attended a good exhibition of the school there 
under Mr. Knapp,* of Norfolk. 

18. Ver)- rainy all day. Entertained kindly at Mrs. Marwin's. 

19. Lower}- all day. Saw the largest oxen I ever saw ; six feet high. Read. 

20. Rode to Milton. Very wet. Streams are 3-et very high. Wrote 
extracts from Hume. 



' William Wilberforce's P>-actical View of fered him and declined. In 1S27, he was 

Christianity, a work that has exercised a vast made President of Andover Seminary. This 

influence among men. was an office which had not before existed. 

^ It was an old New England custom, and * This was probably Daniel Parker, a na- 

still continues, that on the occasion of the five of Washington, and a graduate of Vale 

death of a minister, the neighboring ministers in 1798. He was aftersvards settled 1S02- 

should give each a Sabbath's supply for the 1812 as the first minister in Ellsworth, a 

benefit of his family. parish in Sharon. Here he established a 

' Rev. Ebenezer Porter, D. D., pastor at school which he conducted for years after his 

Washington, Ct., from 1796 to 181 r, and then dismission, and wliich proved a successful 

called to be Bartlet Professor at Andover, in enterprise. 

place of Dr. Edward Griffin. After going to ^ -phis ^.^g ^.g^y distant music, but distance 

Andover he was sought for to fill many public did not lend enchantment enough to make it 

places, but remained there till his death in pleasing to his ear. 

1S34. The Professorship of Divinity at Yale ' Mr. Isaac Knapp, graduate of Williams 

College, the Presidency of Hamilton, Middle- College, iSoo, afterwards for many years pas- 

bur)-, South Carolina Colleges, were all of- tor at Westfield, Mass. 



134 



DIARV OK RKV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [iSoi. 



2 1. Rainy. Regan a sermon on Rev. iii : lo. Rode to Warren to ex- 
change witli Uncle Starr. On account of death of one of his neighbors, he 
could not leave home. Roads very much gullied with the tiood, many bridges 
and mill-dams gone. 

2J. Rode to Milton. Rainy. There seems to be unhappy parties in this 
society. 

23. Wrote. Rode home. The riding in Goshen extremely bad. My 
cousin S. P. Robbins" here. Received a letter from Becket, and another from 
Poullney, Vt., each requesting me to go and preach with them. 

24. My cousin set out for Salem, N. Y., ' to supply them by my advice. 
Wrote to Mr. Jacob Gilbert ' there, and two other letters of introduction for 
him. Worked. Blasted a rock.' 

25. Worked considerably. Snowed nearly all day. 

26. Made a great gate for a fence.' Wrote to the committee at Becket. 
At night sick with a very severe pain in my side and back. 

27. Rode to Milton. Considerably unwell. Preached a lecture. On the 
23d wrote a billet-letter to Mr. J. Allen,' Litchfield. Received an answer. 
Pleasant weather. There has not been a clear day before since the 8th, and 
but a few without rain. So long wet w-eather I think I never knew. All 
accounts represent the flood last week verj- extraordinary. Great damage has 
been sustained in mills, bridges, etc. At Hartford, Ct., the river is said not to 
have been so high since the year 1692. 

28. Wrote considerably. Afternoon rode to Warren. Weather pleasant. 

29. My Uncle Starr went to preach at Milton. Stormy. At night a total 
eclipse of the moon. So cloudy we c^uld only perceive the darkness. 

30. Rainy. Tarried at Warren. Read Flmuers of History. 

31. This month has been remarkable for wet, cloudy weather almost 
steadily. Rode to Milton. Read Hume. 

Afbil. 

1. Finished my sermon on Rev. iii : 10. Weather verv- pleasant. Rode 
out. Have trouble with the committee of this society. 

2. Read Hume. Received of the committee of this society fifty dollars.' 
Yesterday wrote to Rev. Mr. Marsh,' Litchfield. 



■ He had been graduated at Harvard Col- blaster of rocks, or a cutter and drawer of 

lege in 179S, and was now beginning to wood. 
preach. <> Hon. John Allen, lawyer in Litchfield 

= This is the place where Mr. Thomas from 17S6 to his death, 1812, member of Con- 

Robbins had supplied a few Sabbaths while gress, 1797-1799, member of State Council, 

teaching in Danbury. 1S00-1S16. 

^ Jacob Gilbert is the man with whom he ' He began to preach at Milton on the 

corresponded at Salem. We have had his i8th of January, so that on the ist Sabbath 

name before in the diary. He was perhaps a of April he had preached ten Sabbaths at the 

deacon in the church. old price o£ five dollars a Sabbath. 

■* It is noticeable that Mr. Robbins can » Rev. Truman Marsh, graduated at Yale 

turn his hand to rough hard work. We have in 17S6, Episcopal minister in Litchfield, but 

many illustrations showing that he had been preaching one fourth of the time to a small 

accustomed from his youth to all kinds of Episcoi^al society in Milton parish. Here, 

out-dooi service. probably, Mr. Robbins had been brought to 

■' Here he is a carpenter as well as a his acquaintance. 



iSoi.] ON A VISIT TO NEW YORK. I35 

3. This day is the Fast through this State. May God accept the otTer- 
ings of his people, and let his blessings rest upon our land. Quite warm. 

4. Received a letter from Mr. Marsh, Litchfield. Rode out and visited. 
Roads mostly settled. 

5. The Episcopalians held a meeting in a school-house near the meeting- 
house. Quite tired. 

6. Rode home. Called on Mr. Weston, Cornwall. Ground settled. 

7. Read. Accounts from various parts of the great destruction in the 
late flood. Attended the concert of prayer. 

8. By account peace is signed between Austria and France at Luneville." 
Stormy. Worked some. 

9. My father went to New Marlborough" to preach on the Fast. My 
classmate Bassett' came and tarried with us; like to settle at Winchester. 
The Democrats making great exertions to destroy the laws respecting religion 
in this State. 

10. Very cold and blustering. Read Hume. Am at present very healthy. 
Laus Deo. 

11. Rode to Milton. Preached a lecture in a part of Litchfield. Quite 
cold. On the 9th wrote to Deacon White, Poultney/ Vt. 

12. Warm. Full meeting. There appear to be such rancorous parties in 
this society that I fear they will not be in a systematic state for many years. 

13. Rode home. My horse lame. Attended Freeman's Meeting. Very 
full. This town remarkably united. 

14. Took a horse of a man to use for the present. Rode to Warren, on 
my way to New York. 

15. Rode to Danbury. Verj' warm. I think I have many friends in this 
town. 

16. Received thirt\'-four dollars of the school committee, and remainder of 
what was due me here. Rode to Stamford. Kindly entertained at Rew Mr. 
Smith's.' 

17. Dined with Dr. Lewis,' Greenwich. Rode to Rye. The Freeman's 
Meetings through the State appear to have been ver}' full, and the Democrats 
greatly overthrown. 



' Peace of Luneville concluded between asking him to come up there and preach, 

the French Republic and the Emperor of There was a real scarcity of ministers at the 

Germany, Feb. 9, iSoi. beginning of this century. 

= As already stated New Marlborough, ' Rev. Daniel Smith, graduated at Yale, 

Mass., adjoined Norfolk, Ct. Rev. Nathaniel 1S91, and pastor at Stamford, 1793-1S46, 

Turner, a native of Norfolk, was then pastor fifty-three years, 

there. s j>gy jgaa,; Lewis, D. D., converted un- 

^ Rev. Archibald Bassett, Mr. Robbins's der the preaching of Whitefield in the chapel 

classmate at Yale, settled at Winchester, of Yale College in 1764, graduated in 1765, 

1S01-1806, afterwards a missionary and min- pastor at Greenwich, 17S6-1S1S, and living 

ister in the State of New York. till 1S40, seventy-five years after his gradua- 

* He had received, it will be remembered, tion. His son, Isaac Lewis, Jr., D.D., was 

letters from Becket, Mass., and Poultney, Vt., also pastor at Greenwich. 



136 



PIARY OF' KEV. THDMAS KOBBINS, D.D. 



[180I. 



iS. Rode in llic sta^c to New York.' Rectivcd with great hospitality by- 
Mr. Watson. ° Walked out. 

19. Heard Dr. Rogers' preach, .\fternoon Dr. Livingston/ Dutch Re- 
formed. I lielicve there are many real hiunble believers in this city. 

20. Mr. Watson very instructive and entertaining in conversation. Rainy. 
Wrote a short piece for publication. This State in a great ferment respecting 
their a|5proaching election. .Mr. Watson is candidate for Lieut.-Governor. 

;i. ]3ecanie acquainted with Dr. Rogers. Weather cold and backward. 
Wrote. 

22. Read Encyu-lopatlia. Mr. Watson' has by a great difference the best 
library I ever saw, except the one at Harvard College. Walked out. 

23. Dined with Mr. Samuel Wilco.x, an acquaintance of my father. 
Read considerably. Wrote a piece for publication. Attended at evening an 
electioneering meeting. Heard Gen. Hamilton' speak with the most powerful 
eloquence I ever heard. 

24. Last night very rainy. Walked out with Mr. Watson. Drank tea with 
Dr. Rogers. Engaged to preach next Sabbath. At night had an exceeding 
hard turn of the toothache ; cured with laudanum. 

25. Bought a pair of leather breeches, six dollars. A pair of silk stock- 
ings, two dollars. In the afternoon fifteen vessels, mostly large, arrived at 
this port. It has been wet and lowery weather for six days. 

26. Preached for Dr. Rogers ; in two meeting-houses. Congregations very 
large. Weather very pleasant. At evening an Episcopalian meeting. Mr. 
.•\llen, of Litchfield, here. 

27. Last week had some clothes made. Rode out with Mr. Watson in his 
carriage. The country round New York very pleasant. At evening attended 
the theater. 

28. Very warm. Walked out to tea. Mr. Imlay,' member of Congress 
from New Jersey, dined with us. This and two next days is the election in 
this State. 



' When he went to New York city in 
1796, he left his horse outside the cit)'. 

^ His old friend and his father's friend, 
Mr. James Watson, was still living there, and 
as hospitable as before. 

' Kev. John Rodgers, D. I)., was then min- 
istering to the Wall Street, tlie r.rick, and 
the Rutgers Street Church united. 

' John H. Livingston, D. D., born at 
Poughkeepsie in 1746, and graduated at Yale 
in 17O2, afterwards President of Queen's Col- 
lege, New Jersey. lie was a very able 
scholar and divine. He died in New Bruns- 
wick, N. J., in 1S25, aged seventy-eight. 

5 Mr. Robbins having already begun the 
work of collecting a library, was prepared 
fully to appreciate so handsome a collection. 



There were few great libraries in the country 
then. That of Harvard College was easily 
iirst ; now there are many great libraries, 
public and private. There are men now 
whose private libraries are larger than any 
public library then in the country. 

' This was after Mr. Hamilton had re- 
turned to the practice of law in the city of 
New York. Washington made him Secretary 
of the Treasury in 17S9, which office he held 
till 1795. After performing other important 
public services, in 1800 he resumed law prac- 
tice in New York. Four years Later, in July, 
1S04, he was killed in a duel by Aaron Burr. 

' James H. Imlay. He was a graduate of 
Princeton College and member of Congress, 
1797-1S01. 



iSoi.] AT HOME AT NORFOLK, CT. I37 

29. Left New York in the stage. May I be thankful for the great kind- 
ness which I have experienced there. Rode to Rye. Took my horse and 
rode to Canaan.' Tarried at ISIr. Mitchell's.^ 

30. Rode to Danbur}'. Warm. Much pained with the toothache. This 
society appears to be in a critical situation. Fruit-trees generally in the blow. 

Mav. 

1. Rode to Washington. At New Milford had a tooth extracted. The 
meeting-house in this town was set on fire the night before last by a crazy 
man, and consumed. 

2. Rode to Litchfield. Quite warm. Drank tea with Gen. Tracy.^ 

3. Preached for Mr. Huntington. Today are contributions through this 
State for the missionar)- society. The collection here thirty-two dollars.'' 
Afternoon very rainy. 

4. Rode home. Dined with a military company. The contribution in 
this town above sixty dollars.' 

5. XA'orked considerably. The season is generally quite forward. Fruit- 
trees in the bloom. 

6. Quite rainy. Wrote. Worked at my library. I have now more than 
one hundred volumes. 

7. Worked some. Warm. My sister quite unwell. Mv mamma more 
healthy this spring than in j-ears past. 

8. Afternoon very rainy. The season is uncommonly wet. Grass and 
trees very forward. Five persons were examined as candidates to be admitted 
into the church. They appeared very well. 

9. Set out to go to Becket to preach. Bad riding. Rode through New 
Marlborough to Bethlehem. Hearing that they are like to be supplied to- 
morrow at Becket, I concluded to tarry here. 

10. Preached in a private house. This is a new and small town,* but I 
think there are a number of persons who are anxious to hear the truth. Quite 
tired. 

11. Rode to Becket. We have at length clear weather. Read Hume. 

12. Read the Bible. 1 live with a Mr. Higley. Wrote. Quite warm. 

13. Read considerably. Began a sermon on Luke xiv : 17. 

14. I study without any fire. Read the Bible. Read Hume. 

15. Quite unwell last night with dysentery. Read considerably. Walked 
out. 

16. Finished my sermon on Luke xiv : 17. Read Bible. 

'This was not the town of Canaan, Ct., member of Congress, and eleven years United 

but the parish of that name in the town of States Senator. 
Norvvalk, now the town of New Canaan. * It is the first Sunday in May again, and 

- Rev. Justus Mitchell, previously men- this was the contribution in Rev. Dan Ilunt- 

tioned. ington's church in Litchfield. 

' Gen. Uriah Tracy, graduated at Yale in -" .A. noble contribution for Norfolk in those 

177S, a native of Norwich, Ct., a lawyer at days. 

Litchfield. He was for nine j-ears Represent- '' There appears to Ije no such town or par- 

itive to the State Legislature, three years ish in Berkshire County at the present time. 



138 DIARY OK RKV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1801. 

17. 'I'licy have here a. new and very good meeting-house. The society is 
small. Quite tired. 

18. Rode home." My sister getting better. Apple-trees universally in the 
bloom and very full. 

19. Rode to Winchester to attend the ordination of my classmate Bassett.^ 
He passed a good e.\amination. 

20. Mr. Bassett was ordained. 'Hie exercises very serious. Rode home. 
\'ery warm. 

21. Last evening my brother James came from college. Mr. Judson, of 
Sheffield, tarried here and talked with me considerably. Wrote a letter to 
Mr. Hooker,' of Goshen. \'er}- hot. 

22. Worked considerably. Students here from Yale and Williams Colleges. 

23. In the morning a shower. Rode to Goshen. Mr. Hooker is to supply 
for me at Becket. 

24. Cool. Stayed at Esq. Hale's.' At evening rode to Milton. 

25. Rode home. Called on old Mr. Jacob Beach, apparently near to 
death. 

26. Worked. Bought some books of the public library in this town, which 
were sold at vendue. The newspaper brought very important news. That the 
Emperor Paul,- of Russia, was found dead in his bed on the morning of the 
24th of March, and his son .•\le.\ander succeeds. That Lord Nelson gained a 
great naval victory over the Danes on the 2d of April at Copenhagen.' My 
father received a letter from Mr. Newell, of Charlotte, requesting that I would 
go up there and preach. At night quite unwell with a violent inflammator)' 
eruption. 

27. Worked steadily with my brother James making a board fence. Mr. 
Granger" has got more than three thousand Democratic votes in this State 
for a member of Congress. 

28. Worked. Mv salt-rheum something; troublesome, ^^'arm. 



' From Becket, Mass., to Norfolk, Ct., after he came to the throne in 1762. His 

about twenty-five miles. wife Catherine was an able sovereign. On 

■ .Archibald Bassett, already mentioned, of her death in 1796 Paul, her son, succeeded, 

the class of 1796 at Yale. but was found dead as stated, and it was 

^ Rev. Asahel Hooker, pastor at Goshen, supposed that he was murdered. He was 

Ct., 1791-1S10, father of Rev. Edward W. followed by his son Alexander, who was on 

Hooker, D. D., formerly professor in the the throne 1S01-1S25. 

East Windsor Seminary, and of Mrs. Come- ^ Copenhagen was bombarded and taken 

lius, wife of Dr. Elias Cornelius, Secretary of by the English fleet under Nelson, April 2, 

the American Education Society and of the iSoi. 

American board. ' Hon. Gideon Granger, born in Suffield, 

'There were, at th.it time, three men in Ct., July 19, 1767. To him Connecticut is 

Goshen of the name Hale thai were pronii- very largely indebted for her school fund, 

nent. These were Adino, Timothy, and Na- He was made Postmaster-General by Mr. 

than Hale. The latter w.as deacon of the Jefferson in iSoi, and held the office till 1814, 

church. when he removed to Canandaigua, N. Y. 

- He came to the throne in 1796. He His sou, Hon. Francis Granger, was also 

was son of Peter HI and Catherine II. Peter Postmaster-General, appointed by President 

was supposed to have been murdered soon Harrison in 1S41. 



iSoi.] PREACHING IX BECKET, MASS. I39 

29. Wrote a letter to Dr. Carrington, of Danbur}-. Rode to Xew Marl- 
borough. Tarried with Mr. Turner. At night a shower and verv hard 
thunder. My brother set off for Hartford w'ith my sister in a carriage. She 
is quiie feeble, and rides, hoping a benefit. 

30. Rode to Becket. Very warm. Wrote. O for a suitable preparation 
for the holy Sabbath approaching. On the morning of the 27 th there was 
.some frost. 

31. The meeting-house pretty hard to speak in. Ver)- tired. This family 
fine singers. 

JlNE. 

1. Read Hume. A very valuable historj-. At evening my cousin Sam 
P. and a Mr. Leonard.' a candidate, came here and tarried. 

2. Wrote. Lord St. Vincent has said to the English House of Lords that 
the late naval victory at Copenhagen is the greatest ever achieved by the 
British navy. Rode to Washington." Attended an association ; preached. 
The ministers all strangers to me. 

3. .\fternoon rode to Stockbridge. Tarried at Dr. West's.' He was 
gone. Mrs. W. quite feeble ; appears to be declining with age. 

4. The Democrats in this State are much chagrined at the result of their 
election. Gov. Clinton'' is said to be chosen in New York by a considerable 
majority. Dined with Mr. Woodbridge. Rode to Becket in company with 
ni)' cousin Sam P. Rainy. 

5. Read Hume. Quite rainy. At evening walked out. 

6. Began a sermon on i Sam. xv : 22. Read Bible. Quite cool. Very 
apprehensive of a frost tonight. 

7. There was a little frost this morning, but it is hoped vegetation is not 
injured. Quite cool. Full meeting. People ver}- attentive. 

8. Read Hume. Rode out and visited. At night some rain. 

9. Read tlie Bible. Worked a little on the road. Turnpike roads' seem 
to be the great rage of the day. In the State of Xew- York they are generallv 
made by Connecticut people. 

10. Wrote considerably. Afternoon warm. My salt-rheum troublesome. 

11. Rode down to Bethlehem and preached at a funeral. Read Hume. 
Wrote. 

12. Finished my sermon on i Sam. .w : 22. Afternoon worked some. A 
fine shower. 

1 3. Finished reading Hume's History. Mav I be enabled to receive in- 



" .Samuel Prince Robbins, .ind probably Mass., where Rev. W. G. Ballantine was 

Rev. Joshua Leonard, who had been settled pastor, 1774-1S20. 

at Ellington, 1791-1798. Mr. Leonard was a 'Dr. Stephen West, his theological teacher, 

graduate of Brown Universit)- in 17SS, and * De Witt Clinton, LL. D. 

received the degree of A. M. from Vale in • Even the turnpike roads of that day 

1792. stopped far short of what would now be 

- This is Washington, Berkshire County, called a really good road. 



140 



DIARV OF RF.V. IIIOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [180I 



stniction and to retain what is useful. My cousin S. P. R. came here to 
preach tomorrow. Rode to lilandford." 

14. Felt a great weakness at m\- lungs; but just able to preach. The 
people here are ver}- an.xious to have my cousin settle with them. 

15. Rainv. My cousin S. P. came from Backet. Read several pamphlets. 

16. Quite showery. Rode to Sandisfield ;° attended an association. 

17. Mr. Lee.' of Colebrook, preached at the association. Afternoon rode 
to Xew Marlborough and preached a private lecture. Tarried with Mr. 
Turner. 

18. Rode home. Quite wami. At evening my father returned from the 
General .\ssociation at Litchtield. He is appointed a commissioner'' to go to 
the Ciencral Assembly at Philadelphia ne.xt May. 

19. Worked some. There has been an unusual quantity of thunder this 
week. 

20. Ver}- warm. Rode to Becket. Quite tiied. 

21. People here appear attentive, but I think quite stupid.' I am greatly 
attected with insensibility in things of infinite importance. 

22. Began to read Smollett's' continuation of Huine's History. Something 
unwell. Mad company. 

23. Wrote. Afternoon rode out and attended a funeral of a young child. 
Very warm. On the 20th wrote to Mr. Whittlesey, of Danbury. 

24. Wrote extracts from Hume. Considerably unwell. Went into the 
water. At night hard showers. 

25. Assisted in hiving bees. Cooler than in days past. Rode out and 
visited. This society appears prospering. 

26. Read the Bible. Wrote a plan for a tragedy on the fate of Lord 
StraiTord." Hope to be enabled, some future time, to e.xecute it. 

27. Began a sermon on Dan. ii : 20, 21. My cousin Sam P. here. Wrote 
some verses to be sung July 4th. Read Smollett. 

2S. Quite warm. Preached pretty long. Read in \MTitetield's Lifc^ 

' Blandford, Mass., then in Hampshire Robbins in this connection, does not mean 

County, and now in Hampden. His cousin mental stupidity, but mora! indifference. 
S. P. Robbins was supplying there, and this * Tobias Smollett, better known as a 

was an exchange of pulpits, lilandford at its writer of doubtful novels, wrote that part of 

northwest corner touches Becket. It is a the sequel to Hume's History of England, 

ride of seven or eight miles from one to the reaching from 16SS to the death of George 

other in a land of hills. H. 

' Sandisfield a town in Berkshire County, " The favor which his drama of Columbus 

Mass., touches the Connecticut line, lying received inspired him to attempt bolder things 

next east to New >r3rlborough. The niin- in this line. Thomas Wentworth, Earl of 

istcr at Sandisfield at that time was Rev. Strafford, the servant of Charles I, came to 

Levi White, graduated at Dartmouth, 1796, the block in 1641, eight years before his 

and pastor at Sandislield, 179S-1S32. roval master. 

' Rev. Chaunccy Lee, of Colebrook, Ct., ' Memoirs of llu- Life and Character of 

jiastor there 1S00-1S2S, graduated at A'ale, George U'/iitefu'J, bv J. Gillies, D. D., first 

'7^4- published in London in 1772, and subsequent 

■• We now call a man so appointed a dele- editions published in 1791,1811, etc. Mr. 

E^"^- Robbins had the edition probably published 

- The word stiifui, so often used by Mr. in 1791. 



iSoi.] PREACHING IN BECK.ET, MASS. I4I 

29. Rode to Lenox ; made a visit at Mr. Goodwin's." Very hot. 

30. Visited Mr. Shepard.^ Rode to Stockbridjje. Dined at Dr. West's. 
Rode to Lee. Tarried witli Mr. Hj-de.^ 

JOLV. 

1. Rode to Becket. Quite overcome witli the heat. Had company. 
Re.ad. 

2. Wrote. Read Smollett. Afternoon attended a funeral of an infant 
child. 

3. Read Smollett. Not so good a history as Hume's.* Rode out and 
visited. 

4. The heat this week has been very great. Last night a great alteration. 
Finished my sermon on Dan. ii : 20. 21. Afternoon preached on the occasion 
of the Independence anniversary.' This town very little ^infested with 
Democrats. 

5. Quite cool. Full meeting. People quite attentive. Some difficulties 
in the church here. 

6. Rode with my cousin S. P. to Lee and to New Marlborough, and 
tarried. Mr. Turner seems to make much improvement in divinity knowledge. 

7. Rode home. Quite warm. My cousin J. Gould ^ here. Afternoon 
attended the concert of prayer. 

8. Worked some in haying. The people in this town had a splendid 
celebration of Independence on the 6th. 

9. My sister and cousin' set out on a journey to Boston and Plymouth. 
Wrote to my Uncle Lemuel Le Baron. Very warm. 

10. Worked considerably. Read F/otucis of History. 

11. The heat seems about as great as last week. My father went to 
Becket." On the 7th received a letter from New Hartford, a settlement in 
Whitestovvn,' requesting me to go there to preacli. 

12. Preached. Quite warm. At evening attended a conference. Very 
happy effects here of the religious revival. 

13. Worked some. Rainy. My father returned, much pleased with 
Becket. Finished reading Floioers of Ancient History. 

14. A degree of gloom seems to have been cast over the celebrations of the 
4th. " Worked considerably. 



' Frequent references have been made to day, and Mr. Robbins preached on the sub- 

the Goodwins, of Leno.x, and their relation- ject, a way of celebrating the day that has 

ship to IVIrs. Robbins. now passed out of use. From an entry be- 

- Rev. Samuel Shepard, D. D., graduated low [July 8th] the general celebration in the 

at Yale, 1793, pastor at Lenox, 1795-1S46. town was on Monday the 6th. 

A native of Chatham, Ct. '' From Manchester, Vt. 

^ Rev. Alvan Hyde, D. D., a native of ' His sister Sarah and Samuel Prince 

Franklin, Ct., graduated at Dartmouth, 17SS, Robbins. 

pastor at Lee, Mass., 1792-1833. ' The father and son .igain exchange pul- 

* The intellect of Hume was very clear and pits, 

strong, but as a historical writer he is partisan ^ In Oneida County, New York, 

and not to be greatly praised. "' Because of the election of Mr. Jefferson 

^ The 4th of July that year fell on Satur- probably. 



1^2 DIARV OF RF.V. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [180I. 

15. On the 13th received a letter from my sister at Hartford on her way 
to lioston. Wrote to Mr. J. P.. Fisk." New York. Wrote to Mr. B. Merrill, 
New Hartforrl. Whitcstown. \esterday sold my horse for fifty dollars, which 
1 have rode since I have been a preaclier.' P^inished reading Flowers of Mod- 
ern Ifisforr. Rode to Winchester, made Mr. Bassetc a visit. Rode home, 
attended a conference. 

16. Read St. Pierre's Stm/ics of .\',i/un\^ People beginning to harvest. It 
is thought that crops of grass and grain were never known to be so good. O 
that we may acknowledge the Author of all mercies. 

17. Worked some. Weather much cooler than it has been. Read St. 
Pierre. 

iS. Rode to P.ecket. People in the midst of haying. Read Smollett. 

19. Rainy. Thin meeting. People here much pleased with my father's 
preaching.* 

20. Had company. Was requested to let my sermon preached on the 4th 
be published. Read Smollet. 

21. Steady lowery weather. Wrote. Received a letter from Mr. Nash,^ 
of Middlefnel'd. 

22. Very rainy all day. A great blessing, as the ground was very dry. 
Read Smollet. Wrote. 

23. Quite warm. Read the Bible. Afternoon rode to Middlefield and 
preached a lecture for Mr. Nash. At evening a full and serious conference. 
There are really some appearances of a divine work here. Will God carrj- it 
on for his name's sake ? 

24. Returned. Read Smollet. There is an account that the President 
has invited T. Paine in France to return to this countn..' 

25. Read the Bible. Wrote. Went into the water. At evening a hard 
shower. () for a suitable preparation for the holy Sabbath. 

26. People here appear very stupid. 

27. Ver}- cool for the season. There appears a fair prospect that the 
French will be driven out of Eg}"pt.' which has now become the theater of war. 

28. Read Smollet. Wrote. Visited some Methodists. 



' Mr. John Boyle Fisk, graduate of Dart- ^ Rev. Jonathan Nash, a graduate of Dart- 
mouth, 179S. He was born in Framingham, mouth, 17S9, pastor at Middlefield, 1792-1832. 
Mass., 177S, was a lawyer in New York, and Middlefield was in Hampshire County, but 
died in 1S05, at the age of twenty-seven. adjoining Berkshire, and was about five or 

- This was the horse which his father gas'e si.\ miles from Becket. 

him, and which he had used since he went to '' Thomas Paine returned to this country 

Marlborough, Ct., in November, 179S. the year after in July, 1S02, and died here in 

' St. Pierre Jacques Bernardin Henri De, 1809. In 1801 Jefferson gave him permis- 



zii\.\\or ol Paul and I'irgiuia. \\'\s Eliiiiis de la sion to come over in one of our public ves- 

Xiiture appeared in 17S4. He was a writer sels, but he did not come at that time, 

of the most refined tastes. His I'atil ct ^ By the battle of Aboukir, fought March 

I'lrxniia has been translated into almost all S, iSoi, followed by the battle of Ale.xandria, 

the European languages. March 21, 1801, the French were compelled 

■* He exch.anged, it will be remembered, to leave Egypt. The British expedition was 

with his father the Sabbath before. in charge of General Sir R.ilph Abercromby. 



l8oi.] PREACHING IN" EECKET, MASS. I43 

29. Rode to Stockbridge. Saw the maps of this State. I think I never 
saw better. Tarried with Mr. Woodbridge." 

30. Saw the remonstrance of New Haven ° merchants to the President, and 
his answer. He seems to feel power. Rode to Lenox. Preached a lecture 
for Mr. Shepard. 

31. Rode to Becket, six miles through a forest.^ Warm. Worked some. 

August. 

1. Read. Worked some. Afternoon hard showers. Had company. 
Thought best to refuse to have my sermon on the- 4th of July printed. 

2. Quite cool for the season. People here appear anxious to attend 
meeting. Read the Bible. 

3. Rode out and visited. On the 1st wrote a piece for publication, and 
wrote to Mr. Woodbridge, of Stockbridge. In the morning a little frost in 
some places. Wrote to Mr. Marcy,'' preaching at Loudon.* Began a play on 
the fate of Lord Strafford.^ 

4. Read Smollett. Rode out. Accounts from various parts of the coun- 
try agree with the appearances in this quarter that the harvest is better than 
has been known for many years. 

5. Read in Heylin's old Geography^ Ver}- instructive. Visited. 

6. Mr. Marcy, preaching at Loudon, preached a sacramental lecture for 
me. There appears to be some more than ordinary seriousness in town. 

7. Read Smollet. Visited a school. A hard shower. 

8. Rode to Middlefield to exchange with Mr. Nash.* Quite warm. 

9. There appears to be a real work of God in this place. At evening a 
ver)' full and serious conference. 

10. The forenoon ver\' rainy. Eat succotash. Returned. The committee 
came to see me. O for direction in duty. It rather appears the society unani- 



' Gen. Jonathan Woodbridge probably. - In that part of Berkshire County where 

^ Just as soon as it was linown that Mr. Mr. Robbins was, there were vet large tracts 

Jefferson was chosen President, John Adams, of country almost new and wild. One of 

his predecessor, appointed Elizur Goodrich, them was called the Tyringham Equivalent, 

collector of the port of New Haven, as if to This place received the name of Loudon, and 

preoccupy that office with a strong Federal- was expected ultimately to grow into a town 

ist. President Jefferson treated this appoint- of that name. But it fell far short of the 

ment, made after his own election, as a nullity, needful growth, and is now a part of the 

and appointed Judge Samuel Bishop col- town of Otis. This was where Mr. Marcv 

lector. The New Haven merchants sent a was then preaching. 

remonstance, which Mr. Jefferson ans%vered, ' We have had a previous intimation that 

but did not heed their request. The relig- he was thinking of this piece of English his- 

ious people of iS'ew England were unjustly tory as the foundation for a drama, 
bitter against Mr. Jefferson. ' Peter Heylin, D. D., an e.xtensive author, 

^ Lenox was twelve or fifteen miles from was born in 1600, and died in 1662. His 

Becket. He means that six miles of the way Cosmography in Four Books, of which several 

was through forest. editions were published, is the work here 

* Bradford Marcy, probably, who received intended, 
the degree of A. M. from Brpwn University, ° Rev. Jonathan Xash, before mentioned, 

in 179S. pastor at Middlefield. 



,^ DIARV OK REV. THOMAS ROIililNS, D.D. [l3oi. 

moiisly wisli to liave me settle here." My principal real reason, I think, is I 
cannot feel that 1 can be contented to live here. I think that is considerable. 
And I don't wish to settle anywhere. 

11. I am this dav twenty-four years old. God in mercy has added to my 
life another year. Bless the Lord, O my soul. 

12. My brother James returned home from college about three weeks since 
very/<w/-. He had many symptoms of a consumption and was believed by 
nianv to have one seated. Hut in the great mercy of God, he is now recover- 
ing, and we iiope his health will be restored." Finished KS.A\ng Beauties of St. 
Pienr.^ The public mind seems to be in a great ferment respecting the con- 
duct of tlie President. 

13. Read. Afternoon rode to Colebrook with my brother James, and 
made my ijrother .\mmi a visit.'' 

14. Mv brother has a good situation here. Returned. Wrote a piece for 
publication. Warm. 

15. Find difficulty in buying a horse. Rode to Becket. 

16. Rainv. Read the Bible. Propounded three persons for members of 
the church. I hope there is some seriousness in town. 

17. Read. Rode out. A piece I wrote on the 1st inst. is printed. 

iS. Finished reading Smollet. Began Cormick's Continuation.^ Had 
company. 

19. Very warm. Rode to Chester and preached a lecture.^ Thought to 
be the hottest day we have had this summer. 

20. Returned. Mrs. Higley ' very sick. Taken on the i8th with raising 
very large quantities of blood. 

21. We do not expect Mrs. Higley can live but a little while. She appears 
to be sinking fast. Preached a private lecture. Very hot. 

22. Read Cormick. Rainy. Had company. 

23. Mrs. H. appears a little better. People at meeting appear to be very 
serious. 

24. Rode home. My cousin Sam P. and my sister returned from Ply- 
mouth last Saturday. My brother James hopefully regaining his health. 



' Mr. Robbins's opportunities to settle, •* His brother Ammi R. had, it seems, re. 

considering liis age, had been numerous. moved from Canaan, Ct., to Colebrook, Ct. 
This came parity from the satisfaction which * c_ jj Cormick wrote the continuation 

he gave as a preacher, and partly from a real of Hume's History of Eaglandixom. the death 

scarcity of ministers at that time. of George H, 1760, to the peace at the con- 

- James W. Robbins had not yet com- elusion of the American War in 17S3. 
pletcd his college course. He was in his ' The first minister of Chester was Rev. 

junior year, and was nineteen years old. He Aaron Bascom, who was graduated at Har- 

lived not only to graduate, but to be a very vard in 176S. The date of his settlement is 

useful and noble man, and died at the age of not given, but he is supposed to have con- 

sixtv-five. tinned his labors there till about the time of 

■" This was a work composed of extracts his death, which occurred in 1S14. 
trom the writings of St. Pierre Jacques Ber- ' Wife of the man with whom he was 

iLirdin Henri Dc, who has been already men- boarding at Becket. She died not long after, 

•.loncd. He was born in Havre, France, 1737, but was not so near her end as was then suj}- 

and died in 1S14. posed. 



iSoi.] 



PRE.\CHING IN BECKET, MASS. 



145 



25. Air. Battell' building a ver)' elegant house near my father's. Rode 
out. Read Dwight's oration before the Cincinnati at New Haven.^ Excellent. 

26. Rode to Backet. Find great difficulty in buying a horse.' Quite cool 
for the season. 

27. The committee of this society came to see me. The society have 
unanimously requested me to preach with them on probation. I don't know 
that I ever found greater difficulty in knowing what to do. O for direction. 
I cannot think of settling here, for many reasons ; and I hope it is not incon- 
sistent with dut)- to refuse. 

28. Read Cormick. Preached a private lecture. Very full. People 
appear to have great anxiety about my continuing here. 

29. On the 27th received seventy-five dollars* from this society. Wrote 
to Dr. West, Stockbridge. Rode out and visited. 

30. Very^ full meeting. Quite tired. At evening had company. Read the 
Bible. 

31. Quite rainy. Read Cormick. It seems ver}- difficult for me to leave 
this people.^ 



1. Left Becket. Rode to Tyringham.* Bought a horse of Air. Aver)-.' 
Paid thirty dollars and gave a note for thirty-five, payable next Januar)-. The 
horse is sLx years old. May I find him useful and serviceable. Ver}- warm. 
Rode home. My father and brother J. gone to Williams Commencement." 

2. My brother was offered seventy dollars for my horse.' Fixing for my 
journey. The heat increases. Air. Alay," a candidate, lodged with us. 



' Joseph Battell, who was ere long to be 
united in marriage with Sarah Robbins. 

' This oration before the Societj- of the 
Cincinnati at New Haven was given by 
Theodore Dwight, a younger brother of Pres- 
ident Dwight. He was a lawyer and public 
writer, then residing at Hartford. He was 
secretary of the Hartford Convention, and 
wrote its histor)'. In 1S17 he estabhshed 
and edited the Xew York Daily Advertiser. 
In this address before the Society uf the Cin- 
cinnati he said some cruel and unjust things 
against President Jefferson. 

' The horse he has had for about three 
years begins to fail. 

•* He began to preach at Becket on the 2d 
Sabbath of Jlay previous, and the seventy- 
five dollars seems to have been the pay for 
fifteen Sabbaths at the old price of five dol- 
lars a Sabbath. 

' It does not appear that it was wordly 
ambition which kept Mr. Robbins from stay- 



ing at Becket, for he was ready, as w-e shall 
see, to give himself to home missionary ser- 
vice, where all the conditions of life would be 
much harder. It troubled him to receive 
these calls, because he was of a kind and 
gentle spirit, and did not wish to disappoint 
and discourage others. 

* About five miles from Becket. 

' Rev. Joseph Avery, pastor at Tyringham, 
17S9-1S0S. 

° The Commencement at Williams was 
on the first ^Yednesday of September. As 
the month began that year on Tuesday, it 
brought the Commencements both at Will- 
iams and Yale earlier than usual. 

' It is always comfortable to be offered 
more for anything than it cost you, even 
though you have no desire to sell. 

'" Rev. I lezekiah May, son of Rev. Eleazar 
May, anJ graduated at Yale in 1793. He 
was a home missionary in New York and 
Pennsylvania. 



146 



IHARV OF RKV. THOMAS ROniUXS, D.D. 



[180I 



7,. Xcrv lioi ;ind sultry. Aftcnionii set out for New Haven." Rode to 
Litchfield. South Karnis.= and tarrierl with Mr. Chase." 

4. Rode thrc)u;,di liethlehcin, Woodbury, etc., to New Haven, and arrived 
at Kast Haven, <S o'clock. 1'. M. Tlie lieat excessive. Very tired. Tarried 
at a tavern. 

5. .Agreed with Mr. Moulthrop" to take my portrait. Rode to New 
Haven; assisted at the public e.\amination at college. Returned.' 

6. I'reachcd for Mr. Street.' This is a small and very flourishing town, 
with an elegant stone ineeting-house. At evening attended the wedding of 
one of Mr. Street's sons, 

7. Rode to !!ranford. Dined with a military company. Almost over- 
come with the I'.eat. Returned to Kast Ha\en. 

S. Sat for Mr. Moulthrop to take my likeness. At evening rode to New 
Ha\en. .\ttended the speaking of the undergraduates. Unable to sleep on 
account of the heat. 

9. .\ttended Commencement. The thermometer was at ninety-four de- 
grees. A shower lietween the exercises. The exercises pretty good, and 
ver\' short. Very few ministers present. At evening Mr. Benedict, of 
M'oodburv, preached the Coiiiio aJ Clcrnm. 

10. Made a motion in the P. B. K. Society to expel Mr. Bishop,' and 
failed. Rode to Kast Haven. Sat all the afternoon for my likeness. 

11. We have this morning a different air. From the beginning of the 
month till this morning I think the weather has been as warm as I ever knew 
at any season." Left Kast Haven, rode to Torringford. The corporation of 



' He was going to Commencement at 
Yale, Init started tile week before. 

' Now tlic town of Morris. 

^ Rev. Amos Chase, born in Sutton, Mass., 
1757, graduated at Dartmouth College, 17S0, 
pastor at Litchfield, South Farms, 1787-1S14. 

■* Reuben Moulthrop, born in East Haven, 
March, 1763, and died there July 29, 1S14. 
His grandson, Mr. William Moulthrop, cash- 
ier of the First National Bank in New Haven, 
says of him : " He was quite an artist for 
those (lays, but I think worked more on wa.x 
than on canvas. . . One of his sons was also 
an artist in the same line, having made many 
of the wa.x figures in liarnum"s Museum, and 
other exhibitions." 

The following is an interesting note pre- 
pared by a cousin of Mr. William Mnul 
throp, which brings his grandfather as an 
artist very distinctly and honorably into view : 

'• 111 October, 1S65, there were at Lino- 
nian Hall, New Haven, Ct., many portraits 
of former otticers of "i'ale College. Conspic- 



uous among them was a portrait of old Pres. 
Stiles, painted more than sixty years before 
by my grandfather, Reuben Moulthrop. The 
catalogue stated it as ' the work of Reuben 
Moulthrop, once an artist of note, and honor- 
able citizen of New Haven.' I presume that 
the portrait above referred to still remains in 
Linonian Hall. 

" Respectfully, 

" Mary L. Moulthrop." 

5 That is, returned to East Haven. 

' Rev. Nicholas Street, graduated at Yale, 
1751, pastor at East Haven, 1755-1806. 

' This was the Democratic orator who 
gave such offence in -his two hours' address 
the previous year. 

' We write this note on the morning of 
the nth of September, 18S4, and the descrip- 
tion of the weather given in the diary for the 
first ten d.ays of September, iSoi, would an- 
swer well for the same period the present 
year. Almost every year the early days of 
September are hot. 



iSoi.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK, CT. I47 

Yale College have chosen Mr. Jeremiah Day ' Professor of Mathematics and 
Philosophy, and my classmate Davis," Professor of Divinity ; and E. Goodrich, 
Esq.,^ Professor of Law. 

12. Rode home. My father quite sick. He got ready to go a journey to 
Paris, with my mamma and brother J. They designed to set out on the loth. 
and got the carriage tackled. He was seized suddenly with a violent inflam- 
mator)- disorder. I think I have never seen him more sick. Quite tired. 

13. Preached. My father scarcely able to sit up any. At evening 
attended a conference. Quite full. 

14. ^^"rote to Dea. Munson, of Milton. Mr. Davis* called and dined here. 
Rode out and attended a funeral. Put my horse in a collar, which was the 
first time. Put him in a carriage ; he goes well. Cousin Sam P. came here. 

15. \\'e hope my father is getting better. Quite rainy. Traded some. 

16. Wrote to my sister Betsey. Rode out with my father in a carriage. 
He is ver\' weak. Tlie Democrats in the State making great exertions for 
Freeman's Meeting. 

17. Warm. A\'rote. Read. Worked, fi.xing my saddle. 

18. Rode out. Read Cormick. My father has a great deal of traveling 
company. 

19. Quite warm. Read. Worked some. Mv father still quite low. 

20. Meeting-house very- full. Afternoon my father attended. We hope he 
is gaining. At evening attended a conference. 

21. Remarkably warm for the season. This month has hitherto been 
warmer than August. ( )n the 17th Mr. Watson,' of New York, and his son, 
spent the afternoon at my father's. Attended Freeman's Meeting. People 
in this town remarkably united. 

22. Very warm. Preparing for my journey. In\-ited out with mv mamma 
and sister to dine. Visited a school. My father had a very severe turn of 
pain. His disorder now appears to be a rheumatism. 

23. Set out for a long journey. I know not whitiier I shall go. I pray 
God to direct me for his mercy's sake. Rode through Colebrook, Wincliester, 
Barkhampstead, New Hartford, Simsburv, and Farmington, to Hartford. 
Tarried at Mr. Strong's.' Passed four turnpike gates. Left home with cash 
rift3--nine dollars and thirty cents. Expenses today thirty-seven cents.' 



' Afterwards President of the College, President at Hamilton College, N. Y., 1817- 

1S17-1S4G. As Tutor, I'rofessor, and Presi- 1S32. He died in 1S52. 

dent he was connected with the management ' Eliziir Goodrich, LL. D., graduated at 

and instruction of the college forty-eight years. Yale, 1779. Professor of Law iSoi-iSio, 

He died twenty-one years later in 1867, at and for many years secretary of the corpora- 

the age of ninety-four, after a life eminent for tion. He died 1S49. 
its wisdom and goodness. » His classmate Henry Davis, just noticed. 

- Henry Davis, D. D., graduated at Yale, ' James Watson, whose name has grown 

1796, did not accept his appointment as Pro- familiar, 
fessor of Divinity at Yale. He continued in ' Dr. Nathan Strong, 

his office of tutor two years longer, and was ' The figures that follow from time to 

aftcrw.ards Professor at Union College, Presi- time have the same object as this entry, viz., 

dent at Middlebury College, Vt., 1S09-1S17, to give the daily e.vpcnses. 



148 DIARV OK Rl:V. THO^rAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l8oi. 

24. Harlford increah.cs much in good buildings. The river very low now, 
seventy rods wide. Rode through East Hartford, Bolton, Coventry, and 
Mansfield, to Windham,' tliirty miles. Tarried at a tavern. Cooler. 90. 

25. Rode through Cantcrbuiy, I'lainfield, Sterling, Ct., Coventr)-, Scitu- 
ate, Boston, Johnstone, R. I., tarried three miles short of Providence at a 
tavern. Very poor accommodations. Passed three turnpikes. From Nor- 
folk to Providence is a turnpike road, except ten miles in East Hartford. The 
academy at Plainfield" \ery nourishing; seventy students. Crops very good. 
1.06. 

26. Rode tlirough Pr<i\ idence (Rehoboth), Barrington, Warren, to Bristol. 
Arrived at Gov. Bradford'.s^ about noon. Very kindly received. 20. Have 
had a very prosperous journey. Afternoon rainy. Called on Pres. Maxey* 
at Providence. That college llourishing; one hundred and fifteen students. 
One Professor of i\Iatheniatics, etc., Mr. Messer.' Funds very small, not 
exceeding five hundred dollars annually, without tuition.'' Apparatus pretty 
good. Library two thousand volumes. The Baptist and Presbyterian meet- 
ing-houses in this town eighty by eighty, and eighty by seventy, and the best 
in New England. The Baptist house and the college cost twenty thousand 
dollars each. A toll bridge at Providence, one hundred rods. One at War- 
ren, thirty rods. 87. 

27. Preached for Mr. Wight." Large house and full meeting. I think 
this the pleasantest town I lia\e ever seen. Gov. Bradford's situation on Mt. 
Hope exceeds description. 

28. The principal produce here corn and barley. This town does very 
much in navigation. Read Fairbanks's trial. Afternoon rode to Warren, 
visited a cousin tiiere and returned. 

29. Walked out on Mount Hope, the seat of the Indian King Philip. The 
pleasantest situation I ever saw. Dined at Capt. D'Wolf's on a West India 
turtle. The richest entertainment I have e\er been at. Rode with a cousin 
on the peninsula, which for pleasantness of situation exceeds anything I had 
ever imagined. 13. 

30. My friends here treat me with the greatest kindness and attention. 
Preached a sacramental lecture. An academy here very flourishing. Mr. 



" The road here indicated passes through College of South Carolina, 1805-1S20, when 

the ISolton Notch and North Coventry, a he died. 

very familiar and much traveled road before s Asa Messer, D. D., LL. D., Professor of 

the age of railroads. Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, 1799- 

- The Plamfield .-Xcademy was incorpo- 1S02, President, 1S02-1826, when he resigned, 

rated in the year 17S3. He >vas born in Methuen, Mass., 1769, gradu- 

' Sec note under date Oct. 4, 1799. ated at Brown University, 1790, .and died 

■* Jonathan Ma.\cy, D. D., born at Attle- iSj6. 

borough, Mass., Sept. 2, 176S, gr.iduated at ' That is, aside from tuitii 



tion. 



liroun University, 17S7, President of Brown • Henrv Wight, D. D., pastor at Bristol, 

Umersity, 1792-1S02, President of Union R. I., 17S5-1S2S. A graduate of Harvard 
College, X. \., 1S02-1S04, President of the College, 1753. 



l8oi.] ON AN EXTENDED JOURXEV. 149 

Alden,' the preceptor, gave me two spelling-books' he has lately published. 
Little English grain raised in this State. The season very dry. Oops of 
corn ver\- good. 

October. 

1. Left Bristol. Crossed Bristol ferr\-. a mile wide, in a sail-boat to 
Rhode Island. Rode through Portsmouth and Middletown to Newport. 
This island very fertile, and in a very high state of cultivation. This town 
appears rather poor. Many decaying buildings ; some erecting. A verv- long 
and valuable wharf barely completed. A very handsome State House. Here 
and at Providence a very valuable three-storv' brick market. Preached a 
sacramental lecture for Mr. Patten.' Tarried with Dr. Hopkins,* eighty years 
old last month. His mental powers prett\- good, but his speech much in- 
jured by a paralytic shock. From Bristol here fourteen miles. 17. 

2. Rode from Newport through thirteen towns on the island, crossed 
Howland's ieiry, one half mile in a sail-boat to Tiverton ; rode on through 
Westport (Mass.), Dartmouth, New Bedford, Fairhaven, to Rochester. Re- 
ceived by my friends with great kindness. Thirty-five miles. Almost all the 
streams are dr3^ From Howland's ierry to New Bedford exceeding stony and 
barren land. A toll-bridge connects New Bedford and Fairhaven, two flour- 
ishing, commercial towns, nearly a mile long. Very fine fields of corn. 1.03. 

3. Wrote. Afternoon, rainy. My LTncle Le Baron' building a brig. 
Have not had occasion in my whole journey to put on my great coat. Have 
been wonderfully prospered. 

4. Preached. Attended the holy sacrament. O for more ardor of love. 
Quite cool. 

5. \\'alked out. Afternoon left Rochester. Rode to W'areham. Tarried 
with Mr. Everett.' \\'eather ^•ery dry. 

6. Afternoon preached for Mr. Everett at the concert of prayer. Rode to 
Plymouth, fifteen miles. Found friends well, though several have died since 
I was here. The family of my dear uncle ' are dispersed. 

7. Quite a sickly time in town. More or less deaths daily; dysenterj-. 
Saw salt-works, to make salt by evaporation. The society of my uncle have 
separated, and a part have built a \er)- good new meeting-house. The church 



' Abner Alden, a descendant of John Al- ■* The famous Samuel Hopkins, D. D., 

den, born 1764, graduated at Brown Univer- father of the Ilopkinsian scheme. He was 

sity, 17S7 ; an eminent teacher. born in Waterbury, Ct., 1721, graduated at 

" Mr. Alden had some reputation in his Yale, 1741, pastor of the First Congrega- 

day as the author of school books. tional Church in Newport, 1 769-1803, when 

' Rev. William Patten, D. D., a graduate he died at the age of eight)-two. He was 

of Dartmouth, 1780, pastor of the Second the hero of Mrs. Stowc's volume, 7X<? J//«- 

Congregational Church, at Newport, R. I., is/er's Wooiiii;. 
17S6-1S33. A native of Halifa.x, Mass. Dr. ' See note Oct. 20, 1799. 

Patten succeeded Dr. Ezra Stiles, who left "" See note Oct. 23, 1799. 

Newport in 1777, to take the Presidency of ' Rev. Chandler Robbins, D. D., who died, 

Yale College. as before stated, June 30, 1799. 



1^0 DIARY OF RF.V. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [180I. 

is lately divided, twenty-two males in the old, and eighteen in the new. My 
cousin Chandler Robbins' a little while in town. Saw him a few minutes. 

8. Quite cool. Walked out and \ iewed the new meeting-house. Read 
Belistiriiis.' Visited Mr. Kendall.' 63. 

9. .V hard frost. There was very little in September. Fishing business 
here very e.\tensive. Dined at Aunt Hammatt's.' 

10. In Rhode Island there are five printing-presses. Three of the papers 
Federal, two not. A'isited. The English and Turks have taken Cairo.' 37. 

11. Forenoon heard Mr. Kendall. Afternoon preached for him. At even- 
ing preached a lecture in the new meeting-house. Mr. A. Judson there at 
present. Quite warm. 

12. Left Plymouth. Rode through Kingston and Halifax to Bridgewater, 
seventeen miles. At Kingston called and saw Mr. Cobb,' born March 22d, 
O. S., 1694. Tarried at Mr. Russell's, the husband of my cousin Martha 
Le Baron.' 

13. Rode through Bridgewater, North Parish, called on Mr. Porter,^ through 
Randolph, Braintree, Quincy, to Milton. 22. Very kindly received at E. H. 
Robbins's.' At Quincy called and saw President Adams. Conversed with Mr. 
R. about our family ancestors. 

14. Rainy. Tarried all day. Read Mather's Alagnalia. Mr. R. a man of 
great information. Wrote to my father. Great crops of corn gathered in 
heaps near the houses for husking. Farmers here generally use ox wagons 
instead of carts. 

15. Rode from Milton through Dorchester, Roxburj-, and Boston, to 
Charlestown. 8. Put up at a tavern. The man's name Thomas Robbins. 



' Oldest child of Dr. Chandler Robbins, On the first of April, 1794, he completed his 

born Aug. 19, 1762, graduated at Harvard hundreth year, and continued to live until 

College, 17S:, Judge of Prob.-ite at Hallo- December, iSoi, when in his one hundred 

well, Mc., died in Boston, 1S34. and eighth year. Being born in 1694, he 

■ The story of Belisarius, born in the si.'ith lived in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and 

centur>^ the heroic soldier in the reign of the nineteenth centuries." — Sketch of the One 

Emperor Justinian, is narrated at length by IlniidrcJ and Fiftieth Anniversary of the Town 

Gibbon in the forty-first chapter of his Decline of Kingston, A/ass. 

and Fait of the Roman Empire. This story has 'Martha Le Baron was daughter of his 

often been used in a h.alf fictitious and half Uncle Isaac. She married Nathaniel Rus- 

histoiical nay by many writers. Who was sell, .and they were living at Kingston, 

the author of the work re.ad by Mr. Robbins * Rev. John Porter, who had then been 

does not appear. pastor at North Bridgewater skty-one years, 

' See note Oct. 12, 1-99. having been settled in 1740. He died the 

* Priscilla Le Baron, sister of Mr. Rob- following year at the age of eighty-seven. 
bins's mother, married Abraham Hammatt. ' Son of Rev. Nathaniel Robbins who 
"Priscilla Le Baron was eight years younger was pastor at Milton, 1750-1795. This Na- 
than Elizabeth, who married Rev. Mr. Rob- thaniel was born 1726, and graduated at Har- 
l"'"*- vard, 1747. This son, Edward H. Robbins, 

■' Cairo, taken by the united forces of the was Lieut.-Governor of Massachusetts, and 

British and Turks, June 27, 1801, when five for many years Judge of Probate in Norfolk 

thousand French troops capitulated. County. He was graduated at Harvard in 

^ "The most remarkable case of longevity 1775. A daughter of his. married Judge 

in this vicinity was that of Ebenezer Cobb. Joseph Lyman, of Northampton. 



l8oi.] ox AX EXTENDED JOURXEV. I5I 

He and I are second cousins. Walked to Boston, about the town. The State 
House is the best building I ever saw ; cost one hundred and thirty-five thou- 
sand dollars.' The poor-house an excellent brick building, four stories high, 
one hundred and seventy feet long. The town very flourishing. Walked 
back to Charlestovvn. Consulted the town records for my ancestors ; got 
some information. Kindly entertained by Dr. Morse. 33. 

16. Yesterday looked over the things which belonged to my cousin R. 
Gould." Sold a book for twenty-five cents. Took two pair of cotton hose. 
Got some acquainted with President Smith,^ of New Jersey. Rode to Boston. 
Paid four dollars for cleaning my watch. Rode to Cambridge, to Little Cam- 
bridge,* and Newton, Watertown, to Lexington. 14. Inquiring for the his- 
tor)' of my family.^ Tarried with Mr. Thomas Robbins,' a cousin of my 
fatlier. ^;^. 

17. By some means which I cannot conceive, I have lost a five dollar 
bank-bill since I was at Plymouth. Viewed the monument, and the place 
where the battle was fought April 19th, 1775. Got considerable information 
respecting our family from Mr. Robbins. Rode to Cambridge, called on 
Mr. Holmes,' thence to Charlestown, Maiden, Lynn, Danvers, to Salem. 27. 
Tarried with Mr. Hopkins.' 25. 

18. Last night some rain. In the iorenoon heard Mr. Hopkins. After- 
noon preached for him, and in the evening a lecture. Full meeting. 

ig. Verj' cold for the season. Rode through Beverly, Wenham, Hamilton, 
to Ipswich. Accidentally got acquainted with Dr. Dana, my father's class- 
mate. Dined with him. Rode on through Rowley and Newburj- to Newbury- 
port. 24. 82. 

20. Rode through Newbun,-, Salisbury, Saybrook,' N. H., Hampton 
Falls, Hampton, Northampton, Greenland, to Portsmouth. Got acquainted 
with Rev. Mr. Alden ; '" dined with him. Got acquainted with Rev. Mr. 
Buckminster," who showed me the town. Last night tarried with Mr. 



' The old State House at the head of meager then as compared with the present 

.State Street having been outgrown, in 1795, time. 

the work of building the present house be- ^ Thomas Robbin,';, of Charlestow-n, the 

gan. Mr. Robbins saw it without its later keeper of the hotel, was born in 17:23, and 

extensions, but the architecture of the coun- the father of Thomas Robbins, the writer of 

try then was in a plain and simple state, and this diary, was born in 1740. 

very naturally the building met his eye as a ' Dr. Abicl Holmes, 

very imposing structure. ^ Daniel Hopkins, D. D., native of Wa- 

- Son of William and Rebekah H. (Rob- terbury, Ct., born 1734, graduated at Yale, 

bins) Gould, of Manchester, Vt. 1758, pastor of South Church, Salem, 1778- 

^ Samuel Stanhope Smith, D. D., Presi- 1814. 

dent of the College of New Jersey, 1 794-18(2. ' Seabrook. 

He died seven years later at the age of si.xty- '° Rev. Timothy Alden, born at Yarmouth, 

nine. Mass., Aug. 28, 1771, graduated at Harvard 

■•Little Cambridge was afterwards Brigh- College, 1794, pastor of Second Church, Ports- 
ton, and at the present time is a part of the mouth, N. H., 1799-1805. 
city of Boston. " Joseph Buckminster, D. D., born in Rut- 

' The printed materials for the construe- land, Mass., 1751, graduated at Yale, 1770. 

tion of his genealogical history were very pastor at Portsmouth, 1779-1812. 



IS2 



TMARY OF RKV. TUriMAS ROHniNS, V.D. [180I. 



Dann,' of Newbuiyport, spent tlie e\eiiin;; with Rev. Mr. Carey.° Left 
Portsmouth, rode back to Greenland, thence to Stratham. 11. 1.15. 
Tarried at a tavern. 

21. Rode throui;h I-'xeter, a llomisiiing town; one of its meeting-houses 
and the academy are elegant buihlings ; Kingston, Plaistow, to Haverhill, 
Mass. Haverhill a pleasant large town on the Merrimac. Rode through 
Bradford, Andover, to Tewksbury. 37. There is an ecclesiastical society, a 
part in Plaistow and a part in Haverlull. The meeting-house near the line of 
the States. My horse a little lame. At Andover stopped a little while to see 
an exhibition of their academic school.' Tarried at a tavern. Warm. i.io. 

22. Rode through Chelmsford, Westford, Littleton, Harvard, Lancaster, to 
Sterling. 36. Got my horse shod. His shoes have lasted since I left home. 
2.00. 

23. Rode througli Hoylston Trnde out three miles) to Worcester. 13. 
Dined with Rev. Mr. Austin.* Rode through Leicester, Spencer, to Brook- 
field. 17. Tarried at a tavern. 

24. Yesterday morning at Sterling ; gave to old Mrs. Parker a quarter of 
a dollar, as a small compensation for an c/.f pewter plate which she gave me. 
Rode through Western, Palmer, Ware, lielchertown, Amherst, Hadley. crossed 
Connecticut River to Northampton. 35. The ferryman ferried me across 
with a setting-pole. Tarried with Rev. Mr. Williams.' 1.2 1. 

25. Preached for Mr. Williams. I think the largest congregation' to 
which I ever preached, except at New York. This quite a large and pleasant 
town. 

26. Last evening wrote to my cousin S. P. Robbins. Rode through Hat- 
field, Whately, Deerfield, to Greenfield. 21. Tarried at a tavern. Hatfield 
and Deerfield handsome old towns. (Ireenfield new and nourishing. The 
season very dry universally. 1.46. 

27. Rode through Bernardston, Guilford (Vt.), Brattleborough, Dum- 
nierston. Putney, Westminster, to Rockingham. 43. }.Iorning very cool. 
1. 18. Tarried at a tavern. Not wearied with riding. 

28. Connecticut River is said to be fordable in many places between 



' Daniel Dana, D. D., born in Ipswich, First Church in Northampton, 1778-1834, 
^tass., 1771, graduated at Dartmouth, 17SS, iifty-si.\ years, was the son of Eliphalet Will- 
pastor of First Presbyterian Church, New- iams, D. D., pastor at East Hartford, Ct., 
buryport, 1794-1S20, afterwards jjastor of the 174S-1S03, fifty-five years, who was the son 
Second Presbyterian Church, in the same town. of Solomon Williams, D. D , pastor at Lcba- 

= Rev. Thomas Carey, born in Charles- non, Ct., 1722-1776, fiftj'-four years, who was 

town, Mass., 1745, graduated at Harvard, the son of Rev. William Williams, pastor at 

1761, pastor at Third Congreg.ational Church, Hatfield, Mass., 16S4-1741, fifty-seven years. 

Newburyport, 176S-1S08. The united ministries of the father, son, 

' Phillips Academy, founded in 17S0. grandson, and great-grandson make up two 

' Samuel Austin, D. D., born in New hundred and twenty-two years. 
Haven, Ct., 1760, graduated at Yale, 1784^ ' From the days of Rev. Solomon Stod- 

pastor of First Church, Worcester, Mass., dard and Jonathan Edwards down, for more 

1790-1815; afterwards President of Vermont than a hundred years, that congregation was 

University, 1S15-1S21. very large for those times. The people went to 

5 Rev. Solomon Williams, pastor of the meeting and all worshiped in First Church. 



l8oi.] ON AN EXTENDED JOURNEY. I53 

Vermont and \e\v Hampshire. Crossed the bridge at Bellows Falls into 
New Hampshire. Rode through Walpole, Charlestown, C'laremont. Cornish, 
crossed the bridge into Windsor, Vt. 28. Very kindly entertained at Mr. 
Jacobs's. I.I I. 

29. Rode through Hartland, crossed Connecticut River in a ferrv-boat at 
the mouth of Waterqueechy River into Plainfield, through part of that and 
Lebanon to Hanover. Kindly entertained at a Mr. Lang's. 16. 

30. Viewed the college. Dined loith Prof. S/jtM,' J/usfum, etc. Crossed 
the bridge into Norwich. , Rode through that to Thetford. 10. Tarried with 
Mr. Burton.' Quite cold. 05. 

31. Concluded to go no farther up the river, but to go and supply a desti- 
tute people on the Sabbath. Having traveled on Connecticut River about 
one hundred and twenty miles, and crossed it in my whole journey six times, 
I now leave it. Rode through Fairlee, Vershire, and Corinth, to Washington. 
21. This quite a new town. Concluded to preach, Deo I'ol., on the morrow. 

November. 

1. Preached in a log-house. A good number of hearers. A church has 
been lately organized here. Within a few rods of where I preached there are 
two springs, one of which runs to White River, and the other to Onion River. 
Cold. 

2. In the morning it snowed considerable. Rode through Orange, Barre, 
Berlin, to Montpelier. Went down Onion River, through Middlesex, crossed 
the river into Moretown, rode three miles, recrossed to \\'aterbury. Tarried 
at a tavern. 

3. In the morning considerable snow fell. Rode through Bolton, Rich- 
mond, to Jericho. Tarried with Mr. Kingsbury. Mr. Swift,^ late of Benning- 
ton, now a missionary, here. At evening preached a lecture. Quite cold. 

4. Crosssed Onion River to Williston, through that and Kingsburgh to 
Charlotte. Found some bad riding. Blessed be God who has brought me 
here. Kindly entertained at Mr. Newell's. 

5. Concluded to tarry here,'' and preach a few Sabbaths. My salt-rheum 
troublesome. 



' Prof. Nathan Smith, one of the notable Scheme in Tlicology. Born in Stonington, 
men of his generation. He was bom in Re- Ct., Aug 25, 1752. At the age of thirteen his 
hoboth, Mass., Sept. 30, 1762, but his parents parents removed to Norwich, Vt. He was 
soon removed to Chester, Vt., where he was graduated at nartmouth, 1777, and was pas- 
brought up on a farm. At the age of twenty- tor at Thetford, Vt., 1779-1S36, though his 
four he began the study of medicine. He active labors in the ministry ceased 1S29. 
was the second graduate of the Harvard * Job Swift, D. D., native of Sandwich, 
Medical School in 1790. He was the pro- Mass., graduate of Yale, 1765, pastor at Ben- 
jector and founder of the Medical School at nington, 17S6-1S01. 

Dartmouth College. He was professor there * The Congregational church at Charlotte, 

from 1798 to 1S13. In the latter year he was Vt., was organized, Jan. 3, 1792, and Rev. 

elected Professor of the Theory and Practice Daniel O. Gillet was ordained its first pastor, 

of Physic and .Surgery at Yale College. In who remained until 1799, and had a prosper- 

1821, he was the first teacher of medicine in ous and highly successful ministry. After 

Bowdoin College. He died in New Haven, his departure there was no regular minister 

Jan. 26, 1S29. until Rev. Tiuman Baldwin settled in 1807, 

'Dr. Asa Burton, author of the Taste and continued till 1S15. 



IS4 



DIARV OF REV. THOMAS RODBINS, D.D. 



[180I 



6. Last niglit quite- rainy. Read. Began a letter to my father. 

7. Wrote. Had company. Read in Dr. Hopkins's System of Divinity} 

8. The people meet in a large school-house. Congregation considerably 
large. Afternoon a Mr. Newell, from New Hampshire, preached for me. 

9. Rode to I5urlington to attend the trial of a woman indicted for murder- 
ing a child. Tarried with Mr. Sanders.^ A college is building here of brick, 
one hundred and si.vty feet long, forty-five feet wide, with a protuberance in 
the middle both in the front and rear, of fifteen feet out, and forty wide. 
There are to be tw-el\e chimneys.^ 

10. Attended at the court. The Supreme Court and Bar appear rather 
inditTerently. 

11. Gave the printer a piece for publication. Rainy. At evening the 
jur)- brought in their verdict, "Not guilty," though people generally appear 
convinced that the child died through the mother's means. In the govern- 
ment of this State there appears to be no energv at all. 

12. Last night it snowed considerably. Rode back to Charlotte. 

13. Finished my letter to my fiither. .\ man informed me on Tuesday 
evening that he lately saw my father at New Lebanon Springs." I feel an.xious 
about his health. Read Dr. Hopkins. 

14. Wrote to my brother fames at Williamstown. My salt-rheum verv 
bad. 

15. Cold. Full meeting. Quite tired. The Methodists something trouble- 
some in town.' 

16. Read Dr. Hopkins. Yesterday read a proclamation for Thanksgiving. 
Wrote. Mr. Leonard,* a missionary, called to see me. 

17. Wrote to Mr. E. Kingsley, of Becket. Rode out. Quite warm for the 
season. 

18. Quite rainv. 
wet season. 

19. Wrote to E. H. Robbins,' Esq., Milton, Mass. The people here appear 
ver\- an.x-ious to have me continue wi;h them. I have reluctantly agreed to 
tarry till after the first Sabbath in December. 

20. ^•ery cold. Wrote to Mr. B. Merrill, New Hartford, Whitestown. 
Read Dr. Hopkins. Read the Bible. 



WorHed on a saddle-quilt. This town very muddy in a 



' Dr. Samuel Hopkins, two volumes. First 
published in 1793. 

= Daniel C. Sanders, D. D., born at .Stur- 
bridge, Mass., May 3, x-di, was graduated at 
Harvard, 1788, ordained Congreg.itioiial min- 
ister at Vergennes, Vt., June 12, 1794, Presi- 
dent of University of Vermont, iSoi-iSr4. 
In his later years he was a Unitarian, and 
was pastor of the First Church in Mcdfield, 
Mass., iSi5-!S29, when he resigned. He 
died in Mcdfield, Oct. iS. 1S50. 

' This building had been commenced some 



years before, but had been hindered for want 
of funds. Meanwhile the plan of it had been 
enlarged. 

■* New Lebanon lies in the northeast corner 
of Columbia County, N. Y., only a few miles, 
west of Pittsfield, Mass. 

■' There is more denominational comity 
now than at the lieginning of this century. 

' Rev. Samuel Leonard. 

' Sou of Rev. N.ithaniel Robbins, of Mil- 
ton, .dready noticed. See note for October 
n, iSot. 



iSoi.] ON AN EXTENDED JOURNEY. I5S 

21. Read the History of Robinson Crusoe} Read the Bible. 

22. We have quite winter weather. People here appear very stupid as to 
the great interests of eternity. 

23. Rode to Vergennes and to New Haven. Tarried at Capt. Phelps. 
Quite cold. 

24. Rode to Middlebury. Rainy. Got quite wet. There appears to 
have been a real work of God in New Haven and Middlebury the summer 
past. 

25. This town increases fast. Went to see Mr. Atwater,' and the college. 
At evening preached a lecture at Dea. Mills, New Haven. 

26. This day is appointed for Thanksgiving in New Hampshire, Massa- 
chusetts, and Connecticut. Will God give grateful hearts to his people. 
Treated quite unhandsomely in a Baptist meeting. At evening preached a 
lecture. Yesterday traded. 

27. Rode back to Charlotte. Good riding. New Ha\en in a very broken 
state about building a meeting-house. At Vergennes called on my classmate 
Edmond.^ 

28. Rode out. Read the Bible. My humor much better than It has been. 

29. Quite warm for the season. Full meeting. People in this State 
appear to travel on the Sabbath equally with any other day. 

30. Read Dr. Dwight's Greenfield Hill} An indifferent poem. Read Dr. 
Hopkins. I hope to be cautious of telling stories to e.\cite laughter.' 

December. 

1. Rode out and visited. Very cold. This town in considerable agita- 
tion about building a meeting-house. 

2. Read the Bible. Studied on a sermon for tomorrow. On the 29th 
ultimo was informed th'iX. peace had taken place between England and France. 
We now have it officially that the preliminaries were signed at London, Octo- 
ber ist. This is the conclusion of the great sanguinary drama of ten years; 
and of a war probably more pernicious and destructive, particularly on gov- 
ernments and manners, than any which has been in Europe in the last two 
centuries, though there is reason to fear that peace will be of short duration."^ 
Yet may God grant that it may long continue. 

3. This day is Thanksgiving through this State.' Will God hear the 
]3rayers of his people ? It snowed considerably. 



' This is commonly regarded as a book ' This poem was written by Dr. Dwight 

for boys and girls only. But if one who read in 1794, while he was pastor at Greenfield,, 

it in early life will take it up and read it Ct. 

again in his mature years, he will still find it ■' That is, in the pulpit, 

interesting, and will discover many things *■ He w.^s right in this conjecture. Some 

which he did not before notice. of the greatest battles were yet to come. 

^ Rev. Jeremiah Atwater, D. D., first Pres- ' In Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New 

ident of Middlebury College. Hampshire, Thanksgiving was a week earlier 

' David Edmond, Yale, 1796. He re- that year. There was not then as now any 

ceived the degree of A. M. from Middlebury uniformity among the States in the appoint- 

College, 181 1. ment of such days. 



156 DIARV OK REV. TH(.)MA3 ROBBINS, D.D. [180I. 

4. Ke.ul tlic LJible. Kotle out. The price of produce appears to be 
rapidly falling. 

5. Rode out and visited. Had a bad accident with my watch.' Left it 
hanging in the house, and it appears to have l.)een broken. 

6. It snowed considcraliiy. People at meeting very attentive. Troubled 
some with a pain at my breast. 

7. Quite cold. .-Vfternoon the people met to contrive some method to 
build a meeting-house. 1 fear they cannot lie united. Received of the town 
twenty-five dollars." 

8. Left Charlotte. Rode through Ferrisburgh, Vergennes, Waltham, 
New Haven, to Middlebury. twenty-three miles. 

9. Rode through Cornwall, Shoreham, Orwell, and Benson, to West 
Haven. 3.^. Tarried at Dr. Smith's. Quite warm and pleasant. 

10. Quite rainy. Rode through Hampton, N. Y., to Whitehall. Tarried 
at a tavern. Snow all gone. Wrote to my parents. 

11. Rode through Westiield, alias Fort Ann,' Kingsbury, Argyle, alias 
Fort Edward,' to Easttown. 40. The tavern keeper with whom I tarried last 
night would take nothing from me. 31. 'I'arried at a tavern. 

12. Rode to Schaghticoke.' i6. Very cold. Bad riding. Tarried with 
Rev. Mr. Page.' 04. 

13. Preached for Mr. Page. E.xtreme cold. Attended a Dutch funeral. 
This is a very pleasant, private, old Dutch village. 

14. Something stormy. Walked out and visited. This valley appears to 
me to resemble the valleys of Piedmont in the twelfth century, 

15. Left Schaghticoke. Rode to Lansingburgh. Dined at Capt. Hickok's. 
Rode to Troy. Crossed the Hudson River; full of floating ice. Ferriage half 
a dollar. Rode through Watervliet to Albany. Very cold. Drank tea with 
Mr. Nott. Wrote to my sister S. Tarried at a tavern. 50. 

16. Rode through Schenectady, Princetown, to Plorida. 31. Very cold 
and the ground ver)- rough. Tarried at a tavern. In the morning traded. 
3-50- 

17. Rode through Charlestown, Canajoharie, to Minden. 34. Tarried 
at a tavern. The weather extreme cold. The Mohawk not generally frozen. 
No snow of consequence. 

18. The cold a little abated. Rode through Geneva Flats, Frankfort, to 



' He had recently paid fcjiir dollars to ' Fort Kdward was the military station 

have it fi.\ed. which Putnam, at great hazard, saved from 

- He had preached here live S.iljbaths at destruction by fire This fort was built in 

the old price of five dollars a -Sabbath. 1755 "ear the beginning of the French and 

' This is a name which has tome down Indian War. 

from the French and Indian War. This re- 5 Schaghticoke in Rensselajr County, was 

gion was one of the old fighting grounds, organized as a town in 17SS. 

where Gen. Israel Putnam and other generals *■ Probably Rev. Thomas Page, home mis- 

o( the Revolutionary period received their sionary, and a native of North Coventry, 

eaily military training. Connecticut. 



iSoi.] 



ON AN EXTENDED JOURNEY. 



157 



New Hartford, in Whitestown." Tarried with Col. Sanger. This place 
appears flourishing. 

19. Last night it snowed some. Pleasant. Read. Wrote. People move 
considerably in sleighs. Concluded to tarry and preach a few Sabbaths in 
this place. 

20. Cold. Meeting not verj' full. At evening had company. Read 
Washington's Lef^arirs. 

21. Rode to Paris to see my sister Betsey.^ She has five children. All 
well. 

22. My brother Lawrence has a very good place here. Wrote. At even- 
ing rode out. 

23. It snowed considerably. Traded. i.oS. Read. 

24. Returned to New Hartford. Afternoon warm. Very little prospect of 
sleighing. 

25. Produce of all kinds verj^ much fallen in the country. Bonaparte 
signed a treaty of peace with Great Britain, Russia. Turkey, and Portugal in a 
few weeks. Peace now seems to be the order of the day in Europe. I live 
at a Mr. Ripley's. Very warm and pleasant for the season. 

26. Wrote poetry for the New Year. A letter was given me directed to 
my sister B., which opening I found to be from my sister S. It appears that 



' Mr. Robbins gives some interesting sta- 
tistics in connection witli tlie long journey he 
had been making. From Norfolk, Ct., which 
he left September 23, his circuit through 
Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, 
New Hampshire, and Vermont, to Charlotte, 
Vt., amounted to seven hundred and one 
miles. The time was forty-three days, of 
which twenty-three were days of traveling, 
and twenty of visiting. His average per day, 
when traveling, was about thirty miles. 

After tarrying at Charlotte five weeks, his 
journey thence to New Hartford, Whites- 
town, N. Y., was two hundred and thirty- 
nine miles. He was five days in the saddle, 
making twenty-si.\ and one half miles a day. 

While at Charlotte he made two excur- 
sions out amounting to seventy miles, making 
in all not very far from one thousand miles 
on horseback. 

When he left home he took with him 
fifty-nine dollars and thirty cents. He re- 
ceived for his preaching at Charlotte twenty- 
five dollars; making the whole sum in hand 
eightv-four dollars and thirty cents. 

He lost a five dollar bill in Boston. He 
bought various small articles and clothing, 
etc., on his journey, and reached New Hart- 
ford, December 18, with forty dollars and 
twenty-six cents, making the whole expendi- 



ture by the way, forty-four dollars and four 
cents. 

In this journey he gathered the following 
facts. There were in Rhode Island, at that 
time, five Federal newspapers: two in Provi- 
dence, one in Warren, and two in Newport. 
In the same .State there were two Democratic 
papers, one in Providence, and one in New- 
port. 

In Massachusetts there were twenty Fed- 
eral papers: one in New Bedford, five in 
Boston, two in Salem, one in Newburyport, 
one at Haverhill, one at Dedham, two at 
Worcester, one at Leominster, one at Prook- 
field, one at Springfield, one at Greenfield, 
one at Stockbridge, one at Pittsfield, and one 
at Northampton. 

There were in Massachusetts also five 
Democratic papers : two at Boston, one at 
Salem, one at Worcester, and one at Pittsfield. 

There were five newspapers in the district 
of Maine. In the State of Vermont there 
were ten Federal papers: one at Brattlcbor- 
ough, two at Windsor, one at Randolph, one at 
Peacham, one at Burlington, one at Middle- 
bury, one at Rutland, and two at Bennington. 

There were two Democratic papers in 
Vermont: one at Windsor, and one at Bur- 
lington. 

^ Elizabeth Robbins, Mrs. Lawrence. 



IjS DIARY OF Rl'.V. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1801. 

my brother X." was marrii-i/ l\\c. 2d instant, tliat my brother A." has a promising 
son. 

27. Quite rainy. The people here appear to be in an unsettled state 
about ecclesiastical matters.' 

28. Finished my New \'ear's poetr)-. Quite warm for the season. 

29. Wrote. Rode out. \'ery /;t?;v/ sleighing. 

30. Quite cold. Rode to Ulica.* This quite a flourishing village,' at the 
head of good boat navigation on the Mohawk. 

31. Read the Bible. Rode out. Visited a consumptive woman. God in 
his holy and merciful providence has brought me to the close of another year. 



' Nathaniel, living at Norfolk. ' It was about twelve or thirteen miles to 

' .Amnii Ruhaniah, now living at Cole- Utica from New Hartford. 

brook, Ct. ^ This flourishing village has now grown 

' Quite likely the question was up whether to be a city of some thirty thousand or forty 

the church should be Congregational or Pres- thousand inhabitants, and an important busi- 

bytcrian, but it became Presbyterian. ness and railroad center. 



1 8 O 2 - 

January. 

1. Rode to Paris," and preached a sermon on the occasion of the New 
Year. Verj" warm and pleasant. Will God enable me to begin this year in 
the fear of him, and preserve me to the close of it for his mercy's sake. 

2. Returned. Rode to Utica. My New Year poem was published. Col. 
Sanger^ has lost his only son. 

3- The snow is gone, the ground very muddy. Attended the funeral of 
Col. Sanger's son. Quite tired. 

4. Very rainy. Made a draft of a family-piece.' 

5. Read the Bible. Rode out. Was requested by this society to preach 
with them three months. Concluded to. .\nd may God grant that I may be 
rendered an instnmient of good. Dined out. 

6. Wrote to my parents. Very bad moving. It is said that there is a 
prediction among the Indians that we shall have seven moderate winters, the 
last winter being the first of the seven. 

7. Rode out and visited. Veiy warm ; it seems as if the ground would 
entirely break up. Wrote to Maj. H. Barrs, Charlotte. Read the Bible. 

8. \\'orked on a family-piece. Had company. At evening walked out. 

9. Wrote. Troubled some with the pain in my breast. The country 
ver\- still about political matters. 

10. Troubled with a diarrhcea. Rained quite hard. Thin meeting. 

11. Last night it snowed some, ^\'^ole. Read the Bible. 

12. My diarrhcea very severe. Wrote. Read the History of Redemption.^ 

13. Verv warm for the season ; hardly able to go out. Had company. 
Read. 

14. Rode to Paris. Quite bad riding. I fear my sister is far from much 
serious reflection. 

15. Remarkably warm. Heard Mr. Marcy' preach a lecture. At night 
quite unwell with dysentery. 

16. Returned to New Hartford. The ground almost entirely destitute of 
snow. I never knew such a season. Received two good letters from my two 
parents. Wrote. Will God prepare me for the duties of the holy Sabbath 
approaching. 



' The iovm of Paris, N. Y., was taken Rev. Dan Bradley from Connecticut, licensed 

from the large town of Whitestown in 1792, by the New Haven West Association in 1790, 

and wa« so named in honor of Mr. Isaac a graduate of Yale, 17S9. 
Paris, of Fort Plain, a merchant who had -' Plan for a small family record, 

helped the early settlers there in a time of '' President Edwards's History of Redcmf- 

great scarcity. tior, Edinburgh, 1777. Many of his works 

- Jedediah Sanger, one of the first settlers were first published in Scotland, 
of New Hartford. The first minister was ^ Rev. Bradford Marcy. 



i6o 



PIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROHBIXS, D.D. 



[1802. 



17. Preached on Means. People very atteuti\'e. They appear greatly 
ignorant of doctrines, (^uite tired. Cold. 

iS. Some snow. Rode to I'ticu and hack, ^^isited. Saw the Hartford 
New Year's poetrv. I thin]< hardly equal to what it has been sometimes.' 

19. Read. Received a letter from Mr. McLean, of Utica, the printer." 
Msited a school. Walked out. 

20. Read the liilile. Wrote. It snowed some. A verv dull time for busi- 
ness of all kinds. 

21. It snowed all day. People greatly gratified. There has been no good 
sleighing this winter. Wrote a piece for publication. 

22. There is an account of a verv magnificent coronation of Ale.xander I' 
at \roscow. Rode in a sleigh to \\'hitesborough. Very cold. Tarried at Mr. 
Gould's. 

23. Returned. Good sleighing. There is an account of a revival of 
religion in Georgia. 

24. Pretty hiU meeting. Extreme cold. At evening had company. 

25. People very much engaged to improve * the sleighing. Attended the 
funer.d of a woman ; died with the consumption. Mr. Eastman called to see 
me. Read History of Redemption. 

26. Rode out and visited. The great cheese,-' made at Cheshire, Mass., 
was presented to the President on Xew Year's dav. 

27. Congress have refused to increase the ratio of population to repre- 
sentatives.' There is a prospect that the country will be alarmed in conse- 



' .\ kind of shadowy liint that he thought 
his own hettLT, which very likely was true. 

- The printer probably who had published 
his New Year's piece. 

^Alexander Paulowitcli, born 1777, Em- 
peror of Russia and King of I'oland, suc- 
ceeded his father Paul, who was uuirdered in 
iSoi. 

* That is, to use it. 

' "The Cheshire cheeses are widely and 
deservedly celebrated. The famous mammotli 
<-/;.«<: presented to President Jefferson, Jan. i, 
1S02, had no small influence to bring these 
into notice. On a day appointed the dairy 
women sent their curds to one place. The 
quantity sent proved to be too great to be 
pressed even in a cider-mill press, so that be- 
sides ' the monster ' three smaller ones were 
made of 70 lbs. each. The mammoth cheese 
weighed about 1,450 lbs. Mr. Jefferson sent 
back a good sized piece of the cheese to the 
inhabitants, to satisfy them of its excellence, 
and he also sent pieces of it to the governors 
of the several 'i\3Xe?,:' — Barber s Hnt. Col- 
lations, Mass., ]). 67. 

" .\X the formation of the government, it 
was a jiart of the (.'onstitution that " the num- 



ber ol Represer.tatives shall not e.xceed one 
for every thirty thousand, but that each State 
shall have at least one." At that tiine the 
number of the members of the House was 
sixty-five. 

.So matters stood till March 4, 1793, when a 
new basis of representation went into use, by 
which there was to be one member for every 
thirty-three thousand persons, and the whole 
number of members one hundred and five. 
In 1S03, there was still to be one member for 
thirty-three thousand inhabitants, but the 
whole number of members one hundred and 
forty-one. In 1S13, thirty-five thousand was to 
be the number of people to a member, and the 
whole number of representatives one hundred 
and eighty-one. Every ten years the basis 
changes. In 1873, o"e hundred and thirty- 
one thousand four hundred and twenty-five 
persons were entitled to a member, and the 
whole number of members was two hun- 
dred and ninety-three. The present House 
of Representatives, Forty-Eighth Congress, 
1SS3-18S5, consists of three hundred and 
twenty-five members, one member for one 
hundred and fifty-four thousand three hun- 
dred and twenty-five inhabitants. 



l802.] 



PREACHIXG AT NEW HARTFORD, N'. V. 



i6i 



queiice of no prospect of indemnifications for French spoliations. Rode out. 
Quite warm. The snow goes off. A great many people caught out with 
sleighs. 

28. Mr. Gallatin,' in a lengthy report on the state of the treasurj-, calcu- 
lates to pay off the whole national debt, eighty million dollars, in fifteen 
years. Rode to Paris and preached a lecture. So warm that a great coat 
seems a burden. At evening visited Mr. Steele." There is an account of a 
verv extraordinar}- revival of religion in Kentucky. 

29. Rode to Clinton. Riding very bad ; very muddy. Visited Mr. Kirk- 
land. Visited Mr. Norton. Tarried with Mr. Porter. Clinton Academy^ 
quite flourishing. 

30. Rode to New Hartford. Cold. The riding verj' difficult. Mrs. 
Riplev was last night delivered of a fine son. Received a letter from my 
father, and one from my brother N. Received another from the committee of 
Beckel. The country appears to be much alarmed at the prospect that Con- 
gress will repeal some of the most important laws of the country. 

31. The people appear considerably attentive. Maj. Austin,^ of New 
Connecticut, tarried with me. 



1. 'R.e:vi Ilisfory of RctL?ii/'fion. Read the Bible. Troubled considerably 
with a pain in my breast. 

2. The piece I wrote on the 21st ult. published. M'alked out. Ver)- bad 
going. 

3. Last night it snowed some. It is said that in Connecticut the ground 
has not been white with snow this winter. Read the Jfaii of the World? My 
sister B. called to see me. Attended a church meeting. Hope to settle some 
old difficullies. 



' ."Mbert Gallatin, born in Geneva, Switz- 
erland, 1761, came to this country in 1779, 
and settled at length in Pennsyhania. in 
1793, 1*^ ^^'-i^ elected a Senator, but his seat 
was vacated because of his foreign birth, 
lie was then chosen to the House of Repre- 
sentatives, and served in this office till iSoi, 
when he was made Secretary of the Treasury 
by Jefferson. He conducted the affairs of 
this office in a very able manner. He was 
afterwards much employed in foreign embas- 
sies, etc, to the great satisfaction of the gov- 
ernment. His conjecture touching the na- 
tional debt might not seem so surprising now 
as then. 

- Rev. Eliphalet Steele, preaching at 
Paris. 

^ This academy, incorporated through the 
exertions of Rev. Samuel Kirkland in 1793, 
under the name of the " Hamilton Oneida 
Academy," grew in 1S12 into Hamilton Col- 
lege, of which Dr. Azel Backus was the first 
president. 



The academy was opened in 1794. under 
the care of John Niles, a native of West- 
chester, Ct., and a graduate of Vale in 1797. 
He was succeeded by Robert Porter, a native 
of Farmington, Ct., and a graduate of Yale 
in I79.S. It was this Mr. Porter with whom 
Mr. Robbins stayed. They were old college 
friends. 

■* There was a family by the name of 
Austin, that went from Suffield, Ct., to Xcw 
Hartford, N. V., and one or two of the sons 
afterward went on to New Connecticut, Ohio. 
Nathaniel and Eliphalet Austin were the 
names of those removing to Ohio. 

' TIic Man of Feeling, by Henry Macken- 
zie, published in London in 177 1, was f.^l- 
lowed by The Man of the World, by the same 
author in 1773- The first was superior to the 
second, but both were widely read in the 
closing years of the last century, and in the 
beginning of the present. .Mackenzie wa-3 
born in 1745 and died in 1S31. He was edi- 
tor of the Mirror and the Loii/i^er. 



l62 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [l8o2. 

4. Rode to Whitesborough. Preached a sacramental lecture. At even- 
ing attended a conference. People move some in sleighs. 

5. Returned. Very cold. Considerably unwell. Wrote. 

6. Read Ills/orv of Rckmption. Rode to Westmoreland,' to exchange 
with Mr. Porter," now preaching there. 

7. This appears to be quite a respectable society for this country. Peo- 
ple generally in this quarter amazingly stupid. 

8. Returned. Visited. Read newspapers. It is said that forty-eight of 
the late electors for the President, and fifty-four of the present members of 
Congress are natives of Virginia.^ At evening walked out. 

9. It snowed considerabh", to the great joy of all. Read. At evening 
rode to Utica in a sleigh and attended a conference. 

10. It snowed some. .Vt evening walked out and visited. \\'rote letters. 
One to Rev. Dr. Morse, Charlestown, one to Mr. James Rudd, Becket, one to 
Mr. Kennickerbacker, .Schaghticokc, and one to Miss 

11. Rode to Utica. Good sleighing. Very cold. Read History of Re- 
demption. 42. 

12. Read the Bible. Rode to Xorwich,' and preached a lecture. At even- 
ing attended a conference. Returned. Warm. 

13. Very warm. The snow goes off. Wrote a large addition to a semion 
on Isa. -xli : 21. 

14. Troubled with a bad cold. As warm as April. People came here 
from New Hartford. Ct.^ 

15. .\ttended a church meeting. Settled, as I hope, a long quarrel in this 
church. Very bad riding. 

16. Rode to Westmoreland. .Attended a conference. Rode to Clinton. 
Tarried with Mr. Kirkland.' 

17. Returned. Very bad riding. The frost almost entirely out of the 
ground. Visited. 

18. Wrote to my father. Visited a school. The schools here under good 
regulations. 

19. Wrote letters. One to my sister L., one to my brother N'., and one to 
Mr. Hersey Bradford, Bristol, R. I. 



' .\bout twelve miles from New Hartford. pastor of the Third Congregational Church 

The Congregational church in Westmoreland in Norwich, Ct. (now Lisbon). He was born 

was founded in 1792. in 1741, and spent his active life as a mis- 

- This was Rev. Robert Porter, just no- sionary to the Seneca and Oneida Indians, 

ticed, a native of Farmington, Ct., who was New York. In these western wilds was born 

licensed in 1797, and served as a home mis- in 1770, his son. Rev. John Thornton Kirk- 

sionar\- in New York. land, D. D., afterwards the accomplished 

' That report may possibly be true, though scholar and preacher, who from 1810 to 1S28, 

seemingly improbable. was one of the distinguished presidents of 

'The church at Norwich was Presbyterian. Harvard College. Rev. Samuel Kirkland 

' That is, the early settlers, hence the died in iSoS, and was buried near the place 

"•'>"^"-"- where Mr. Robbins found him in 1S02. The 

'■This was no other than Rev. Samuel town of Kirkland, Oneida County, was so 

Kirkland, a son of Rev. Daniel Kirkland, named in honor of him. 



l802.] PREACHING AT XEW HARTFORD, N. Y. 163 

20. Began a sermon on Acts viii : 8. Read the Bible. 25. 

21. People at meeting appear attentive and solemn. Will God Almighty 
grant that a shower of grace may descend upon this witJicred place, like rain 
upon the mown grass. 

22. It snowed all day. Wrote to Mr. T. Robbins," Charlestown, and to 
Mr. Whittlesey,^ Danbury. Read. 

23. Extreme cold. The coldest weather which has been this year. Fin- 
ished reading the History of Redemption. Had company. 

24. Read the Bible. Rode out. Pretty good sleighing. 

25. Finished reading the Bible, which I began Nov. 23, 1800. Finished 
my sermon on Acts viii : 8. It snowed considerably. Had company. 

26. Wrote a piece for publication. Rode to Utica and back. Visited. 
Warm. Saw Norfolk people moving.' 

27. The bill for the repeal of the judician,- law has passed the United 
States Senate. Began and finished a sermon on Matt. .\xii : 5. It snowed 
considerably. 

28. It snowed. Warm. Full meeting. This society in considerable 
agitation about the settlement of a minister. Quite tired. 



1. Read the Life of Mahomet* Rode out and visited. Good sleighing. 
The piece I wrote on the 26th ult. published. It is said that at the eastward 
the snow is very deep. 

2. Began a sennon on Acts .xxvi: 8. At evening rode to Utica, and 
attended a conference and returned. 

3. Wrote. Quite warm. The snow goes verj- fast. Rode out and 
visited. 

4. Heard Mr. Dodd preach a lecture. Wrote. Rode out. 

5. Rode to Clinton and preached a sacramental lecture. Bad riding. 
Tarried with Mr. Kirkland. 

6. Returned. Received a letter from my cousin Sara. P. Robbins, and 
one from Mr. Steele, of Paris. 

7. Ver)' cold and tedious. Preached on Regeneration. 

8. Read the History of Rasselas} Wrote. Began to read the Bible in 
course. Will God mercifully enable me to receive instruction. 

9. Attended a conference. It snowed considerably. The country 



' Mr. Thomas Robbins, at whose hotel he sinia, written, as the author told Sir Joshua 

stayed in Charlestown, Mass. Reynolds, in the evenings of a single week, 

^ Mr., Whittlesey, with whom he boarded for the purpose of obtaining money to pay 

in Danbury, Ct. the expenses of his mother's funeral, and 

^ The tide of emigration from Connecticut some small debts which she had contracted, 

to New York, through the early years of this has probably been more widely circulated 

century, was very large. and read than any other of his works. It has 

* There have been so many lives of Ma- been translated into almost all modern lan- 

homet, that it would be impossible to tell guages. It was first published in London in 

which one he read. 1759. In a letter written soon after, John- 

' Dr. Johnson's Hasselas, Prince of Abys- son calls it •' a little story-book." 



164 PIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l8o2. 

appears to he in great agitation in consequence of the proposed repeal of 
(he jutliciary law hy Congress. 

10. Warm. Finished my sermon on Acts xxvi : 8. Rode to Paris and 
visited my sister. 

11. Returned. Yesterday this society liad a meeting, and gave a call to a 
Mr. Snowden,' of New Jersey. I think it will be attended with bad con- 
sequences. Rode to Utica and back. Visited ; bad riding. Traded. 8.04. 

12. Preached a Siicramentai lecture. Very muddy. Traded 4.50 ; weighed 
128 pounds. Began a sermon on Mark i : 15. 

13. Wrote a sermon on Jude .\i. Had some clothes made. 

14. Exchanged with Mr. Dodd." In the forenoon rode to Utica and 
preached afternoon at Whitesborough. Quite cold. At evening attended a 
conference. Caught a very bad cold. 

15. Rode to Clinton and to New Hartford. In the morning visited an 
Indian in prison under sentence of death. Bought Neal's History of the Puri- 
tans^ for eight dollars. Received a letter from my father. 

16. Almost sick with my cold, \^'arm. Wrote to my parents. Began to 
read Neal's History. 

17. Rode to Paris and preached a singing lecture. The ground breaking 
up. Read. 

18. Returned. Very warm. Rode out and visited. Read Neal's History. 

19. Read the Bible. Wrote. Rode to Utica and back. The ground 
appears to be settling fast. Received fifteen dollars of this society. 

20. Wrote a sermon on Phil, ii : 12,13. Rainy. Very bad stirring. 

21. Pretty tired. People pretty attentive. Read the histoiy of Joseph." 

22. Read Neal. The snow all gone. We have had such sudden changes 
of weather, and such an extraordinary winter, that people are apprehensive of 
a sickly season. 

23. Had company. Princeton College was burnt on the 6th inst. The 
bill to repeal the judiciary act -' passed the House of Representauves on the 
^d inst. 



■ Kcv. Samuel F. Snowden. Mr. John Dickinson, of Pennsylvania, Dec. 

= Rev. Bethuel Dodd, ordained in 1794, 19, iSoi, he gives his views touching the 

the first pastor of the United Society of judiciary law as follows: 

Whitestown, which was in Utica. "My great an.xiety at present is, to avail 

^ Rev. Daniel Neal, born in London 167S, ourselves of our ascendency to establish good 
and died in 1743. He was educated on the principles and good practices; to fortify re- 
continent at the University of Utrecht. He publicanism behind as many barriers as pos- 
was an eminent preacher and extensive writer. sible, that the outworks may give time to 
He wroie the ///rforv i/ ///I- /"ar/tou, in four rally, .and save the citadel should that be 
volumes, and the History of .Wiv Eiiglaiu!, in again in danger. On their part they have re- 
two volumes. tired into the judiciary as a stronghold. There 

* Book of Genesis, chapters 38-50. the remains of Federalism are to be preserved 

' The diary looks at all matters pertaining and fed from the treasury, and from that bat- 
to Mr. Jefferson, from the Federal side, which tery all the works of republicanism are to be 
in that day, w,as extremely prejudiced. There broken down and erased. By a fraudulent 
were a good many things in the old Federal use of the Constitution, which has made 
rulr .md juri-diction that needed correction. judges irremovable, they have multiplied use- 
In a letter which Mr. Jefferson wrote to less judges merely to strengthen their pha- 



lS02.1 



PREACHING AT NEW HARTFORD, N. Y. 



16; 



24. Wrote a sermon on Psa. cxix : 9. Wrote eighteen pages. Consider- 
ably more than I ever did in one day. Rainy. 

25. Read. Afternoon preached a school lecture. Cold. Wrote a piece 
for publication. 

26. Rode to Whitesborough. Saw an Indian e.xecuted for murder.' A 
ver)' great concourse of people. This the first capital punishment in this 
western countrj-. Verj- muddy. Returned. Received a letter from my 
father, and one from my sister S. 

27. Yesterday bought Plutarch's Lives'' for twelve dollars. Rode out and 
visited a sick woman. Received a letter of thanks from the school for my 
services on the 25th. Began to read Plutarclis Lins. 

28. Weather verj- cold and uncomfortable. Had meeting in the school- 
house. Read the Life of Romulus. 

29. The ground very hard frozen. Read Pluta>-ch. Had company. 

30. Received a letter from Maj. Barrs, and one from Mr. Xewell, of 
Charlotte, Vt., wishing me to return there. Will God make plain my duty. 
Read Mr. Bayard's ' speech in Congress. Thought to be the best ever spoken 
in America on any occasion. Read Plutarch. Wrote. Finished my sermon 
on Mark i : 15. 

31. Received a letter from my father. Rode to Utica and back. Had 
company. 54. 



lan.x." — Life of Jefferson, by Henry S. Randall, 
LL. D., 3 vols. Vol. 2, p. 690. 

The bill to repeal the old judiciary Ian- 
passed the Senate, Feb. 3, 1S02, by one ma- 
jority, and the House, March 3, by a vote of 
fifty-nine to thirty-two. 

' Through the early years of this century, 
e.xecutions for murder were public, and this 
publicity was supposed to be necessary in 
order that the moral lesson against murder 
might be most deeply impressed upon the 
mind. There was hardly anything that would 
bring together such an immense crowd of 
people as a public e.xecution. Even in this 
very sparsely populated region, the diary 
says, " a very great concourse of people " 
was present. 

Three years before, a woman, Sylvia Wood, 
had been condemned to death in this vicinity, 
for the murder of her husband, Major Wood, 
of Augusta, Oneida County. But she killed 
herself in the jail the night before her execu- 
tion was to take place. The execution of the 
Indian was therefore the first public execu- 
tion in these parts. 

This Indian's name was Peters, and he 
was condemned to death for killing his wife, 
Eunice Peters, at Rome, Oneida County, on 
the 24th of February, iSoo. 

This is the first time since we began the 



editing of this diary that we have found any 
important discrepancy between the diary and 
published history. Mr. Robbins, who was . 
present, records this execution as taking place 
March 26, 1S02. 

Mr. Pomroy Jones, in his Annals ofOtk-iiLi 
County, published at Rome, X. V., 1851, 
says page 43 : " Peters was sentenced to be 
hung on the 28th day of August, iSoi, and 
he was accordingly executed under the direc- 
tion of Sheriff Brodhead, upon the hill west 
of the village of Whitesborough." 

We must think Mr. Robbins's date to be 
right from the circumstances of the case. 
Probably the original day appointed was 
Aug. 28, 1801, and for some reason the e.xe- 
cution was delayed till the following March. 

- The editions of Plutarch's lives are now 
numerous, but the edition which he probably 
bought was the one published in London in 
1774, in six volumes. 

^ James A. Bayard, of Delaware, graduate 
of Princeton College, 1784. From 1796-1S04, 
he was a member of the Xational House of 
Representatives, when he was transferred. 
He was afterwards much employed in diplo- 
matic business for the government abroad 
" He was one of the most eloquent, patriotic, 
and high-minded men of his day." Hon. Thos. 
F. Bayard 1= of the same family. 



,66 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBEIXS, D.D. [l802. 

Aprii.. 

1. Read Plutarch. Vory valuable. Rainy. Ground settles fast- 

2. Quito warm. Began a sermon on (Icn. ii : 17. 

5. Wrote all dav. 1 think my health has not been better for studying for 
some years than at present. 

4. Cold. Preached upon the Universality of the Divine Agency. I fear 
the people do not assent to it. Read the Death of .llxi} 

J. Rode out and visited. .'\ young woman died in the neighborhood. 
People beginning to plow. 

6. Read newspapers. Attended a funeral. Visited. Traded. 

7. Wrote a piece for publication. Read Plutarch. Rode out and visited. 
Warm. Spring advances fast. 

8. Read Plutarch. Wrote. Rode to Utica. Visited. 

9. Rainy. I fear I have hurt my horse by giving him grain. This State 
in something of a tumult about the approaching election," but I think much 
less than last year. 

10. Read the Bible. Something unwell. In the night alarmed with the 
cry of fire. A blacksmith's shop near by was burnt. Cold. 

11. Preached on the Doctrine of the Resurrection. Pretty full meeting. 
People very- attentive. 

12. Read Plutarch. Afternoon rode to Paris. Visited Mr. Steele. 
Tarried at my sister's. 

13. Returned. Quite warm. Wrote an addition to my sermon on Rev. 
iii : 10. Had a coat made. 

14. This day is observed as a Fast in the societies in this vicinity, at the 
recommendation of the association of ministers.^ Will God hear the prayers 
of his people. Quite cool for the season. 

15. Wrote to my parents. Rode to Utica. Federalism seems to be gain- 
ing ground in the country, particularly in Massachusetts.'' Many of the 
debates in Congress are very trifling. 

16. Read y7«/(?/r//. Wrote. Last night considerable snow fell. 72. Quite 
cold for the season. 

17. Stormy. The season pretty backward. It is said to be quite sickly at 
the westward. 

18. Rainy. Quite thin meeting. D for more zeal and affection in the 
great work of the ministry. Re.ul the Death of Cain.' 

' The Death of Ahcl is a jirosc poem in ■• Not so fast, however, but that at the next 

five books, written by a German n.-imcd Gcss- presidential election in 1S04, Mr. Jefferson 

ner. It was translated into English by Mary received one hundred and sixty-two of the 

Collyer, and published in Philadelphia \n one hundred and seventy-six electoral votes, 

1802, by Thomas L. Ploughman. ihe only States voting against him being 

- George Clinton, who had been Governor Connecticut, Delaware, and Maryland. Jef- 

of New York, 17S9-1795, was again made fcrson's first term convinced the people that 

Governor in 1801, and continued in otifice till he was not such a dangerous man as had 

1S04. been represented. Seldom has a President 

* The Oneida body of ministers which been elected by a larger majority. 
were organized the ne.xt month. May, iSoJ, ^ -piip D^ath of Calii was written anony- 

by the Presbyterian General Assembly into mously, by a ladv, after the manner of the 

the Presbytery of Oneida. Deatli of Abel. See April 4, 1802. 



lS02.] 



ON A JOURNEY IX NLW YORK. 



167 



19. Last night a very sudden death in the neighborhood; a man a little 
over sixty years. A kind of apoplexy. Began a sermon on i Cor. vii: 29, 31. 
Had company. Received a letter from my father. 

20. Finished my sermon on i Cor. vii: 29, 31. Attended a funeral and 
preached. Masonic ceremonies ridiculous and irreligious. An account in the 
newspaper of great revivals in religion in the Southern States. 

21. Read /y«A7;r//. The season thought to be rather backward. At even- 
ing walked out. 

22. Rode out and visited. Quite cool. Have had lately several applica- 
tions to preach in places at the westward. 

23. Read Plutarch. Walked out and visited. It seems by the lives of 
Plutarch, that the best of heathen virtue was defective. 

24. Quite warm. Afternoon rode to Clinton' to exchange with Mr. 
Norton." 

25. ^^'eather very warm and faint. People quite attentive. At evening 
attended a conference. 

26. Visited Mr. Kirkland. Returned. The situation of this State is such 
as to require a great number of acts and laws to be passed annually.^ 

27. Wrote to my parents. Read Plutarch. This and the two succeeding 
days is the time of the election in this State. 06. 

28. Rode to Augusta/ and preached a lecture. After which rode to Tus- 
carora, the settlement of the Stockbridge Indians.^ Tarried with Mr. Sargent. 

29. This is a Fast day with these Indians. Preached all day by an inter- 
preter. The Indians appear quite devout in time of worship. After meeting 
rode to Augusta. 

30. Rode to Brothertown*" and preached a sacramental lecture for Mr. 
Booge. Tarried with him. 



' The church at Clinton was organized by 
Rev. Jonathan Edwards, D. D. (the younger 
Edwards), who was then pastor of the North 
Church, New Haven. On a visit to this 
western country, he organized this Clinton 
church as a Congregational church in 1791. 

- Rev. Asahel S. Norton, D. D., a native 
of Farmington, Ct., graduated at Yale, 1790, 
pastor at Clinton, N. Y., 1793-1S33. Dr. 
Norton died in 1S53, at the age of eighty-eight. 

^ It was a very large State, some of it old, 
but the larger part, territorially new, and in 
a very changing condition. 

* Augusta is in the southwestern comer 
of Oneida County, and is on a swell of land 
which sends its waters by three different 
routes, the Hudson, the St. Lawrence, and the 
Susquehanna rivers, to the ocean. A Congre- 
gregational church was organized here in 1797, 
by Dr. Norton, of Clinton, and Rev. Joel Brad- 
ley, of Westmoreland, but it had no regular 
minister until Rev. John Spencer, a native of 
Connecticut, began preaching here in 1804. 



5 Near the close of the last century, a part 
of the Stockbridge Indians, who had been 
under the pastoral care of Jonathan Edwards 
and John Sergeant, at Stockbridge, Mass., 
removed to Oneida County, and John Ser- 
geant became their teacher and preacher. 
The place where these Indians had settled 
adjoined Augusta, where Mr. Robbins had 
preached the day before his preaching to the 
Indians. 

' Brothertown was the place where the 
Brothertown Indians had their home. These 
were made up from the remnants of several 
tribes in New Jersey and Long Island, who, 
as early as 1763 had been invited by the 
Oneida Indians to remove thither. In 1786, 
Rev. Samson Occum, the celebrated Indian 
preacher, lived with the Brothertowns. In 
iSiS, Rev. John Sergeant, long connected with 
the Indian Mission at Stockbridge, Mass., 
wrote of these Brothertowns : " They have lost 
their language, and are now, perhaps, more 
corrupt than any other Indians in the country." 



,68 DIARY OF REV. IHOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [lSo2. 



1. Returned to \c\v Hartfoni. Very cold for the season and very dr)-. 
Vegetation proceeds slowly. 

2. Full meeting. People here appear very hardened. At evening had 
company. 

3. Read Plutanh. Rode to I'tica. Visited. 

4.. l.ast night some rain fell. Rode oul and visited. The season back- 
ward. 

5. Rode to Tuscarora. Lost my way. .\ttended a council. Difficulties 
among the Indians. 

6. Savage manners very disagreeable.' Returned. Quite tired. 

7. Afternoon rode out and visited. Read newspapers. 

8. Unished a -sermon on Gen. ii : 17. Quite warm. "S.^7i.A. Plutanh. 78. 

9. Preached on the subject of Truth. Full meeting. My brother and 
sister Lawrence here. Received a letter from the committee of Augusta. 

10. Read. Had company. It appears that the Federal interest is in- 
creasing in almost all the States." 

11. Quite warm and dry. Rode to Whitesborough and Utica. Attended 
a conference. Traded. 

12. Read Phitarch. Something rainy, which is a very great favor, for the 
ground is very dry. Wrote to my mamma. 

13. Wrote to Maj. Barrs, Charlotte, and to Col. Messenger, Becket. My 
feelings are very different about Becket from what they have been. I feel at 
present inclined to seek repose. Perhaps I can be as useful and enjoy as 
much ease there as in a populous town. Will God mercifully direct me, and 
dispose of me for his glory. 

14. Read P/uta/r/i. Rainy. Mr. Marcy called to see me. Vesterday had 
a request to preach at Pompey. 

15. Rode out. Gov. Fenner,' a most degraded character, is elected Gov- 
ernor of Rhode Island. Read. Cool. 

16. Warm. Full meeting. People attentive. Quite tired ; affected in my 
ner\es. 

!7. Read. It rained hard all day. Made a box to send home my things. 

18. Rode to Utica. Bad riding. Gov. Strong* is re-elected Governor of 
Massachusetts by a majority of more than ten thousand votes. Finished 
reading Plutarch's Lives. May I retain things which are useful. 



■ White people are uncomfortable to deal from 179910 1S05, when he died. His son, 

with when they get into a quarrel, but Mr. James Fenner, was Governor of Rhode Is- 

Robbins thought the Indians worse. land, 1S07-1S11, was then for many years in 

' The wish in this case may have been, in the service of the general government in va- 
part, father to the thought. Federalism had rious capacities, and was again Governor of 
been so strong through the administrations of his State in his old age, 1842-1844. Mr. Rob- 
Washington and Adams, twelve years, that bins caught his prejudices probablyfrom his 
it was hard for it to retire, and lake the kindred in Bristol, R. I. 
second place. 4 j( ^.^^ (],g fashion then to keep a good 

'V,o\. .\rthur Fenner. The language governor for years. Gov. Caleb Strong was 

which Mr. Robbins uses is stronger probably Governor of Massachusetts, 1S00-1S07, and 

than was needed. .Mr. Fenner was Governor again iSi.?-iSi6. 



lS02. 



JOURNEYIXG IN WESTERX NEW YORK. 



i6g 



19. Wrote. Wet weather. Walked out and visited. Fi.xed my tilings to 
send home. 

20. Walked out. Read. Afternoon rode to Paris and to Clinton. Tar- 
ried with Mr. Kirkland. 

21. Had a long conference with Sally Kirkland' on her peculiar affairs. 
Visited Mr. Porter and the academy. Returned. Shower)'. 

22. Wrote an addition to my sermon on Rev. xxii : 18, 19. Mr. Snowden° 
called on me. Warm. 

23. Quite rainy. Preached in the forenoon. Took my leave of the 
people. I have rarely left any people who manifested greater attachment. 
Afternoon Mr. Snowden preached. Something superficial. \\'rote to my 
parents. 

24. Sent off my things for Norfolk. Quite warm. Dined out with Mr. 
Snowden. At evening rode to Paris and visited my sister. 

25. Returned. Afternoon settled with the trustees of the society and re- 
ceived one hundred and fifteen dollars.^ The more serious people feel verj 
gloomy at their society prospects. 

26. In the morning traded ; paid for making clothes. Left New Hartford 
with a degree of reluctance. Have been treated there with kindness, and am 
not without hope that I may have been an instrument of some good. Rode 
through a part of Chenango County to Pompey in Onondaga County." Passed 
through the settlement of Oneida Indians.' Very warm. 

27. Stayed in Pompey.' Rode out. Afternoon preached a lecture. This 
place quite new. 

28. Rainy. Saw some Norfolk people. Rode to Marcellus' in Onondaga 
Count)'. Very bad riding. Tarried with Mr. Bradley." Concluded to tarry 
and preach in the town a little while. Passed some old Indian springs. 



' This was S.irah Kirkland, the second of 
Rev. Mr. Kirkland's three daughters. What 
her " peculiar affairs " were we do not know, 
but she was married two years later, 1804, to 
Mr. Francis Amory, of Boston. Her younger 
sister, Eliza, in 1818, became the wife of the 
celebrated scholar. Rev. Edward Robinson, 
I). D., a native of Southington. Ct. 

- Rev. Samuel F. Snowden, afterwards 
settled in that parish, 1807-1S13. 

^ He reached this place in December pre- 
ceding, and this pay appears to be for twenty- 
three Sabbaths at five dollars a Sabbath. 

■* Instead of turning his steps toward his 
Connecticut home, he continues his journev 
westward. 

5 This was within the bounds of the pres- 
ent town of Stockbridge, Madison County. 

' Organized near the beginning of the 
piesent century. 



' It was twenty-two miles westerly from 
Pompey to Marcellus. 

' "In the autumn of 1795 Hon. Dan Brad- 
ley and Dea. Samuel Rice commenced the 
settlement of the village. Dea. Rice came 
directly from Connecticut. Judge Bradley was 
originally from Connecticut, but immediatelv 
from Whitesborough. He was a liberally 
educated man, and with honor sustained the 
office of the gospel minister." — Hotchkin's 
History of Western A^ew York. 

This Mr. Dan (or Daniel Bradley) had. 
been graduated at Yale College in 17S9, was 
licensed to preach by the New Haven West 
Association in 1790, and was settled in the 
ministry at Mt. Carmel in Hamden, near New 
Haven, in 1792, and afterward at New Hart- 
ford, N. V. Though for some reason he had 
left the ministry, he had not lost any of his- 
interest in the Christian church. 



17° 



DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l8o2. 



29. Rc;id the treaty of peace between England, France, Spain, and Hol- 
land." Tlie ordinary forms of reli-ion which have generally been observed in 
treaties, in this one omitted. Read tlie Dritish Fluiaych^ Attended the 
funeral of a child. 

30. Rainy. Treached in a barn. A decent congregation. They have 
never had but a little preaching here. Mostly New England people. 

31. Quite rainy. Read the liritish Plutarch. Many people have come 
into this part of the country from Connecticut' to work on the roads. 

J.NF. 

1. Quite warm. Walked out. Read two of Cicero's Orations.'' 

2. It rained hard all day. This town has not been settled but about six 
or seven years. 

3. Rode to the western part of the town. The ground very wet. 

4. Read the Bible. This quite a pleasant place at the end of Skaneate- 
les lake. There are mills on the outlet of the lake, and the whole lake, nearly 
fortv miles in circumference,' is raised about four feet by a dam. 

5. Rode out and visited. Very bad riding. There appears to be a 
prospect of w\ar in the east of Europe. Democracy has triumphed in this 
State at the late elections. 

6. Very- warm. .\ pretty large congregation. Preached in a dwelling- 
house. Quite tired. 

7. Wrote. Rode out. Some people here quite forehanded. Very hard 
showers. Read newspapers. 

S. Quite rainy. Read almost a volume of the Spectator!' I imagine the 
manners of the Britisii nation altered ver)- little in the last century.' 

9. Rode out and visited. Warm. Read the Connecticut Evangelical 
Magazine. A most valuable work. I do not believe that the habits and insti- 
tutions of Connecticut will be overturned w-hile that shall continue.' 

10. Wrote to my parents. Waters very high. Something unwell. 

11. Attended the funeral of an infant child. Preached. Was requested 
to preach to a Masonic lodge on the 24th. Hard showers. Read the Bible. 



' This was the peace of Amiens, con- * Probably in the original Latin, 

eluded March 27, 180::. -' Goodrich in h.\s Pictorial Geop'apHy sa.ys: 

• The British Plutarch, so-called, was the "Siaiicatc/cs Lake, fifteen miles long, and one 

edition of Plutarch's lives, translated about to one and one half miles wide; this abounds 

the middle of the last century by Dr. John with fish, and its trout are very large." 
Langhornc and his brother. It is probably " This was probably an edition of the 

the same edition which Mr. Robbins has pre- Spectator in six, eight, or twelve volumes, 
viously referred to, though he did not call it ' That is, he thinks society in Great Brit- 

by this full name. Chambers's Cyclopedia of ain to be much as Addison described it a 

£'«^//.t/( Z/frrrt/«r^, published 1S76, says of this hundred years before. 

work: " It still maintains its ground as the * That has proved a safe prediction. The 

best English version of the ancient author." Connecticut Evangelical Magazine ran through 

■' In every way there was a very close con- fifteen volumes, ending in 1815, and Connec- 

nection between Connecticut and the early ticut stood firmly to the end of that period, 

history of Central and Western New York. and stiil stands. 



l8o2.] JOURNEYING IN WESTERN NEW YORK. I7I 

12. Rode to east part of town. Very bad riding. Ground exceeding wet. 
Quite warm. Read. 

13. Hot and rainy. Troubled with the toothache. Urged to continue 
here with a view of settling. I think I cannot. 

14. Bonaparte has made a treaty with the Pope. Abolished the Decades, 
and established Sunday.' Established the Catholic religion and tolerates all 
others. He received sacrament in April. Visited. Read the British Plutarch. 

15. Read one of Cicero's Orations. Wrote. A very growing season. 
Rode out and visited. 

16. Rode to Onondaga and viewed the salt springs.' .\ great curiosity. 
Seventy gallons of water will make a bushel. Returned. Bad riding. 
Troubled some with toothache. 

17. Read yosephus. Crops of wheat appear very promising. Spring crops 
greatly injured by the wet. 

18. Rode to the western part of the town. The riding grows better. Mr. 
Proudfrt, a missionary, called here and preached a lecture. Read the Bible. 

19. Read. Quite warm. Some people here much opposed to a minister's 
preaching with notes.^ My horse lame. I think gravelled. 

20. Preached in the forenoon from Rev. .\.\ii : i8, 19, without any notes. 
Last night a hard thunder-shower. People here appear to be very stupid. 

21. Worked some on the road. Quite warm. Rode out. Was informed 
of a great awakening at Yale College.* 

22. Read the Spectator. Began a sermon on Micah vi : 8. Quite warm. 
A very growing season. 

23. Finished my sermon on Micah vi : 8. Rainy. Walked out. Finished 
reading the fourth volume of the Spectator. 

24. Preached to a lodge of Free-Masons. Received five dollars from 
them. Quite rainy. Received a letter from my father, one from my sister 
Sally, and one from Mr. D. Risley,' Whitestown. Had a very hard turn of the 
toothache. 



■ In the early part of the French Revolu- preaching without notes has been the rule, 

tion the reckoning of time by weeks was and preaching with notes the e.\cepiioii. 
abolished, and the system of ten was to take ■* At the time when that revival began, in 

the place of sei'cn. By this arrangement with the spring of 1S02, there were among the 

the Pope, he brought France back into line students of Yale not more than five or si.x 

with the rest of the Catholic world. professors of religion. Jeremiah Evarts, after- 

-"The salt springs are too numerous to wards so prominent in the American Board, 

particularize. The most important are those was one of the first fruits of that religious in- 

ot Onondaga, which rise in a marsh at the terest. Bv the first Sunday in August, 1S02, 

head of Onondaga Lake. Fifty gallons of si.xty-three students were admitted to the 

the water make a bushel of salt." This is the church, and it was reckoned in all, that out 

testimony of Goodrich's Geografliy, written of the two hundred and thirty students then 

halt a century nearly after the diarj', when in the college, about one third (sevent_v-si.x) 

perhaps the methods of extracting the salt were converted, 
from the water had been improved. ^ David Risley was one of the men to 

^ That has been an open question for a whom, in 1797 and 1799, George Washington 

long time, and is not yet settled. Taking the and George Clinton gave deeds of lands in 

Christian world from the beginning until now, Oneida County. 



1-2 DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBIUNS, D.D. [l8o2. 

25. Cool. Read the Bible. Wrote to Mr. D. Risley. Rode to the east 
part of the town. 

26. Quite warm. Read newspapers. 'I'he illuminations in London on 
on account of peace were amazingly brilliant and e.xpensive. A woman in 
England lately delivered of her twenty-fifth child. 

27. Had quite a respectable conpjregation. Preached in a barn. Re- 
ceived a letter from Mr. E. Cook, of Westmoreland, requesting me to go 
there to preach. 

28. Read the British Plutairh. Had a request from this society to stay 
and preach with them on probation. 

29. Read. Received fifteen dollars from this society. Had a request for 
a copy of my sermon to the Free-Masons' for publication. Rode to the other 
part of the town. 

30. Quite warm. Rode out and visited. Roads dry very fast. A very 
growing season. 

July. 

1. The heat extreme. Very great crops of wheat in this country-. Rode 
out. .\ prospect of a large and pleasant settlement here on the Skaneateles 
Lake. 

2. Rode to Camillus'' and viewed the remains of an ancient fortification.^ 
Some rain. Read the Bible. 

3. Read the Bible. Hope I had some comfort in secret solemn duties. 
Cool. Went into the water. 

4. Full meeting. Had the same request from this part of the town as the 
other to stay and preach on probation. The people appear quite anxious to 
have me tarry. Received a letter from Mr. D. Bradley, of this town. Yester- 
day wrote to Mr. E. Cook, of Westmoreland. May the hearts of a grateful 
people ascend in praise to a holy God on the remembrance of this day.'' 



' Me was not a Free-Mason himself, and to south, and from east to west a little less, 

not in love with the order, as we learn from The mound is from two to three feet above 

various expressions scattered through the pre- the natural surface, and about six feet thick. 

vious pages of the dian.'. The ditch is about two feet deep. On the 

° C'amiUus was organized in 17S9, and west side are very plainly two places for 

was one hundred and forty-one miles west of gates, there being no rise at the mound, or 

Albany. ' fall at the ditch. There is one similar place 

^ " In the western parts of New York are on the east. On the west side are evident 

numerous remains of ancient Indian fortifica- marks of violence, places in the wall being 

tions and towns. Some of them inclose a thrown down into the ditch. I measured a 

space of five hundred acres." — Coodrkh. white-wood and a black-oak tree, which stood 

The following is Mr. Robbins's description, on the wall, and which, tliree feet above the 

in a little appendix to his entry for July 2d, ground, were above eleven feet in circumfer- 

of this ancient fortification. ence. There was a hemlock and some other 

"In the town of Camillus, I saw the re- trees on the wall of nearly the same size. 

mains of an ancient fortification. It is situ- Within the walls are old rotten trees %vhich 

ated on a rising ground, which descends appear to have lain there a long course of 

gently from it ever)- way. It is nearly four years." 

square, the corners a little rounded, fac- •• For the peculiar interest attending these 

ing very nearly the four cardinal points. It religious services in a new country, the people 

is a little more than twenty rods from north had occasion for gratitude. 



l802.] 



JOURNEYING IN WESTERN NEW YORK. 



173 



5. Rainy. Read the Spectator Something sickly in town. Preparing 
for my journey. Received fifteen dollars from this society. Had a tooth 
extracted. 

6. Wrote to my brother G. Lawrence. Quite warm. Left Marcellus. 
Rode to Aurelius," Cayuga Coimty. Tarried at a tavern. 

7. Rode to Geneva," Ontario County. Dined. Thence to Jerusalem.^ 
Tarried with Jemima Wilkinson/ called the universal friend. She has 
perhaps fifteen families of her followers, situated in a pleasant valley. 
Geneva is a pleasant flourishing place on the Seneca Lake. The Cayuga 
bridge is three hundred and fifteen rods long and twenty-two feet wide, per- 
fectly level. Toll very high ; a man and horse twenty-five cents. Very hot. 

8. Rode to Canandaigua.* The most of the way through the woods. 
The heat very great. As I came to Canandaigua, had the points of compass 
right, which I had not since before I got to Whitestown.' Tarried with Mr. 
Field. 

9. Wrote to my father. This quite a pleasant, rich village. The best 
this side of Utica. Rode to Bloomfield.' Tarried with Esq. Norton. 

10. Visited old acquaintance. They have built a good, new meeting- 
house in this place, the only one this side of Oneida County. Returned to 
Canandaigua. 

11. Preached for Mr. Field.' A respectable congregation, but small. Very 
little appearance of religion in this place. 

12. Set out for Niagara. Had the company of the post.' At Bloomfield 
had a very agreeable conversation with Rev. Mr. Williston.'" Crossed the 



' Aurelius was organized as a town in 
1789, one hundred and fifty-nine miles west 
of Albany. 

^ Geneva, founded in 1794, and incorpo- 
rated as a town in 181 2, one hundred and sev- 
enty-nine miles west of Albany. Geneva 
College was founded there in 1825. 

' Jerusalem is southerly from Geneva in 
Yates County. 

* Jemima Wilkinson was born in Cumber- 
land, Rhode Island, in 1753. When she %vas 
more than twenty years old, in a fit of sick- 
ness, she passed into a state of apparent 
death, and when she came out of it she 
claimed that she had been dead, and was 
raised from the dead. She had a little com- 
pany of followers, whom she led to Milo, 
N. Y., in 1790, and after^vard to Jerusalem, 
where Mr. Robbins found her and her com- 
pany of believers in 1802. 

^ Canandaigua was in Ontario County, one 
hundred and ninety-seven miles west of Al- 
bany. In the year 17S8, Hon. Oliver Phelps, a 
native of Windsor, Ct., but then living in Gran- 
ville, Mass., associating himself with a com- 



pany of men, bought of the State of Massa- 
chusetts the title to immense tracts of land 
in this region of JJ'ew York. In 1789 he 
opened a land-office in Canandaigua for the 
sale of these lands. "This was the first 
land-office in America for the sale of her 
forest lands to settlers." The settlement in 
Canandaigua began in 1790. 

^ Many persons have experienced a similar 
mental confusion in regard to points of com- 
pass. 

' Bloomfield is in Ontario County, a few 
miles west of Canandaigua. 

' Rev. Timothy Field, of Canandaigua, na- 
tive of Madison, Ct., graduate of Yale, 1797. 

' The mail carrier. 

'° Rev. Seth Williston, D. D., was born in 
Suffield, Ct., graduated at Dartmouth Col- 
lege, 1791, ordained as a missionary at .Avon, 
Ct., June 7, 1797, settled first at Lisle, X. Y., 
1797-1807, settled again at Durham, X. Y., 
1S10-182S, then still working on as a mission- 
arj-, until his whole term of ministerial ser- 
vice had reached fifty-four years. He was an 
eminently useful man. 



174 DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [l8o2. 

Genesee River, about the size o! tlie Housatonic, at New Milford. The part 
of the State west of Genesee River is the county of Genesee. Tarried at a 
Mr. Bates's in Ganson's settlement, twelve miles from the river. The road 
todav ver\- good. Bloomfield a]ipears older than any town west of Whitestown. 

13. Made welcome by Mr. Bates. Had a pretty hard turn of dysenterj'. 
Rode wi;h some difficulty. Rode througli Batavia." crossed an open plain of 
four miles, and rode to the Tonawanda Indian village on the Tonawanda River. 
Tarried at Rodney's, a French Indian. A\"rote. 29. The road is divided 
into two, one leading to Niagara, and one to Buffalo on the plain, thirty-two 
miles west of Genesee River. 

14. Through divine goodness, am in a measure recovered of my disorder. 
Rode through the Tonawanda swamp, ten miles. This very troublesome. 
Crossed an opening, twelve miles. Passed but one white family all day. 
Rode through the large Tuscarora village," to the east landing on the Niagara 
River. This the most majestic river I ever saw. Banks amazing high. 
Tarried at a public house. Quite warm. 

15. Rode to the Niagara Fort.^ 8. Good road. Very hot. Had the 
misfortune to find that my cousin Francis Le Baron,' who has been the sur- 
geon to this garrison, went from here to Michilimakinak. Treated politely by 
the officers. Viewed the fortifications. 

16. Crossed the Niagara Ri\er to Niagara. Saw the British fortifications. 
Rode through Queenstown' to the falls. Very warm. Spent almost four 
hours at the falls, got very much fatigued. Rode through Chippeway,' etc. 
Tarried at a tavern. 

17. Rode seven miles and crossed the ferr)-. The river more than a mile 
wide and very rapid. This the only time I was ever out of the United Stales, 
and probably I never shall be again.' Rode on the beach ° to Buffalo. 11. 



' Hatavia was in Genesee County, organ- son. In 1796, it was surrendered to the 
ized the ver)- year Mr, Robbins was there, United States. In the War of iSi2, it was 
iSoj. President Dwight, in his travels two again taken by the British on the 19th of De- 
years later, passed through the place, and bember, 1813. It was restored to the United 
described it as containing "from twenty to States in March, 1815. 

thirty houses, a considerable number of them * Francis Le Baron, son of his Uncle Isaac 

built of logs." Le Baron. He was burn in 17S1, and then 

- About eight miles below the Falls, and twenty-one years old. 
three miles back from the Niagara River, -' On the hights of Queenstown in 1812, 
was the Tuscarora reservation, four miles Oct. 13, there was a hard fought battle be- 
long, and two miles wide. These Tuscarora tween the British and Americans, in which 
Indians came originally from North Carolina the Americans seemed to have the victory, 
about 171:, and joined the Five Nations in but by the coming up of British reinforce- 
New York, as they were called, they them- ments they at last were beaten, 
selves making the si.\th of the Six Nations ' Now spelled Chippewa. This was about 
atterwards existing. two miles from the Falls, on the Canada side. 

-' Fort Niagara, on the American side of At this place in 1814, July 6, there was an 

the Falls, was at the first, in 1679, a small obstinate battle between the British and Amer- 

si)ot enclosed with palisades by a F"rench icans, in which the British were beaten, 
ofiiccr, M. De Salle. In 1725, the fort itself ' This suggestion proved true. He never 

was built by the French. In 1759, it was left the soil of his native land again, 
taken by the British under Sir William John- ^ Along the north shore of Lake Erie. 



l8o2.] JOURNEYING IN WESTERN NEW YORK. I75 

Very hot. Quite weak with the dyscnten-. Concluded to tarr}- here for the 
present at a tavern. 

18. There are but eight or nine families in this place.' The Seneca 
nation of Indians, more than si.xteen hundred, about four miles from here. 
Afternoon preached to a few. Forenoon unable. Some rain. 

19. Saw some formerly Connecticut people. .\m some better of my dis- 
order. Read the Italian Nun. Wrote. .\t night quite unwell. Felt ver)' 
gloomy at being so far from friends. 

20. Left Buffalo. A man walking kept my company as far as I went. 
Rode fourteen miles. Tarried at a Mr. Phelps's, formerly from Norfolk, in an 
extra fine old opening. Quite feeble. Ver)- warm. Passed four houses. 

21. Through divine mercy my disorder is evidently abating. Rode on 
alone by five or six houses, then eighteen miles without a house. 26. Tar- 
ried at a tavern. The flies excessively troublesome. I imagine about one 
half of the way from Buffalo here, is old openings.^ 

22. Had company. I think I derive much benefit in my disorder from 
burnt brandy. Rode to Batavia, five miles to Genesee River. 24 ; and to 
West Bloomfield. 12. 41. Tarried at a tavern. Made welcome. The heat 
ver}- severe. I felt while beyond the Genesee River as if I was in an uncivil- 
ized countn,-. From where I tarried to Canandaigua, thirteen miles. 1.63. 

23. Rode to East Bloomfield,^ 6 ; and where I feel myself among ac- 
quaintances and friends. I must record the goodness of God, which has been 
my protector and guard since I left this place. He has been my whole 
support in sickness and trial, otherwise friendless and unsupported. Blessed 
be his name. I cannot be sufficiently thankful. Bless the Lord, O my soul. 
Afternoon attended with several ministers on a council about difficulties in 
this church. 

24. Am still unwell, but through great mercy my health and strength are 
evidently gaining. Visited. Afternoon rode to \\"est Bloomfield.'' Eat green 
peas. 

25. Preached. Mr. Hotchkin,' a candidate preaching here, supplied a 



' He saw this place in its earliest infancy. the mind will be unable to free itself ; for the 

The town was laid out in iSoi. There was thought, though given up, will recur again 

no church organized here till 181 2. and again in spite of his absolute conviction 

- Old openings, or oak openings, as they that he is in the heart of an immense wilder- 
are sometimes called. These were supposed ness. At the same time a sense of stillness 
to be places which the Indians in times past and solitude, a feeling of absolute retirement 
had burned over in order to secure open past- from the world, deeper and more affecting 
ure grounds for their deer. Dr. Dnight, in than any which he had even suspected be- 
his journeys through this region in 1804, says fore, will be forced upon him while he is rov- 
in his Booh of Travels, fourth volume : ing over one of these sequestered regions." 

"When one of these plains is seen at a 'In 1796 a Congregational church was 

little distance, a traveller emerging from the organized at East Bloomfield. 
forest naturally concludes that it is the com- ■* In 1799 a Congrega"imal church was or- 

mencement of a settled country, and as he ganized at West Bloomfield. 
advances towards it is instinctively led to cast - Rev. James H. Ilotchkin, a graduate of 

his eye forward to find the village of which Williams College, iSco, ordained pastor at 

this is the outskirt. From this impression West Bloomfield, May 19, 1S63. In his later 



176 DIARY OF RKV. TH(.)MAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1802. 

neighboring town. Some a\v:ikening hore. After meeting rode to East 
Bloomtield, and preached a tiiird sermon. 1 never preached three sermons in 
a day before. This a very respectable society. 

26. Left Bloomtieid in company with Mr. Williston.' Rode through Can- 
andaigua to the north of Geneva, to the village of Cayuga, at the east end of 
the bridge. 36. Tarried at a tavern. Fields of grain in their glory. People 
finishing haying. Never a better season. Very great crops of grass and 
grain through the countr\-. Will God dispose his people to remember the 
great Giver. 50. 

27. The earth begins to suffer considerably with a drought. Called on 
Rev. Mr. Higgins" at Anrelius. He preaches at five places in this town. 
Arrived safely at Marcellus,^ 20; just tliree weeks from the time I left here. 
I pray for gratitude to that glorious Being who has been my kind and merciful 
preserver and benefactor. 25. 

28. 1 apprehend yesterday and today to be the hottest da3's we have had 
this year. Walked out. Wrote. Afternoon Mr. Williston came here and 
preached a lecture. Read the Bible. 

29. People are generally finishing their haying; never a better season. 
This week they are harvesting generally at the westward, but a little later 
here. Afternoon some rain upon the parching earth. Read the Spectator. 

30. A verj' refreshing rain, to the joy of all. While we rejoice may we be 
thankful. People here appear very anxious to have me continue with them. 
Will God direct me. Read. 

31. Finished reading the first volume of the Spectator. Read the Bible. 
Wrote to my parents. May I never forget the mercies of God, which I have 
enjoyed this month. 

August. 

1. Lowery. Meeting thin. People pretty attentive and apparently some- 
thing serious. May the .\lmighty power of God enforce divine truth. Fevers 
appear to prevail some. 

2. Read. Visited a sick woman. Worked some in reaping. 

3. Rode to the east part of the town. People in the heat of harvest. 
Fine weather. The grain generally very heavy on the ground, but some 
shrunk. Accounts from different parts of the country, however, represent the 
harvest as very great. May this be a prelude of a glorious harvest of souls. 

4.^ Read newspapers. The turnpike from Albany to Canandaigua pro- 
gressing vers" fast. 



years he was the author of a vahiable book ticut, graduated at Vale, 17S5, licensed by the 
entitled, H.story of WcsUrn .\\-,o York. He Hartford South Association, June, 1786, ap- 
«as a native of Cornwall, Ct., and his father, pointed by the General Association of Con- 
Rev. Beriah Hotchkin, made A.M. at Vale, necticut missionary to New York, 1794. He 
1-94, was a native of Guilford. Both father was settled at Aurelius, Oct. 6 iSo' 
and son were able workers among the early 3 This town of Marcellus was commenced 
churches of New Vork. i„ ,-95, ^.^j ^ Congregational church was 

^ See previous note, July 12. organized iSoi. That church became Presby- 

- Rev. David Higgins, a native of Connec- terian in after years. 



l8o2.] PREACHING AT MARCELLUS, N. Y. I77 

5. Rode to the western part of the town and back. Afternoon a hard 
shower. Got verj' wet. 

6. Rode out and visited. People here generally appear prosperous in 
business. 

7. Visited a young man ver\- sick. Read. Warm. 

8. Preached in a barn. Meeting very full. Quite warm. At night sa\v 
Mr. Thomas Wilcox, of Norfolk, on his way from New Connecticut. 

9. Drew a plan of a public house in this place. Visited. The defection 
of Col. Burr' from the Democratic party produces great controversies among 
them, and is like to unfold great scenes of iniquity. 

10. Extremely warm. Rode to the western part of the town. Mr. Bush- 
nell,^ the missionar}', called upon me. Received a letter from Mr. Medad 
Curtis, of Onondaga, and wrote to him in reply. 

11. Rode to the elP of this town, and preached a lecture. The first ser- 
mon ever preached in the place. There is now a flourishing settlement, 
where the first family went in April of last year. Returned quite tired. I am 
this day twenty-five years old. 

12. Last night a hard and very refreshing rain. Wrote. Rode out. 

13. Rode and visited all day. Quite cool. The people here generally 
appear desirous to have me return to them. 

14. Read the Bible. Rode out. Afternoon attended a conference. 

15. Quite warm. Very full meeting. May the blessing of a merciful 
heaven rest upon this town. Received ten dollars of this societ}'. 75. 

16. Left Marcellus in company with Mr. Bradley ■* for Connecticut. Will 
a merciful God favor me with a prosperous journey. Rode through Onondaga 
to Manlius. 22. Tarried at a tavern. 

17. Rode through Cazenovia, Oneida, Vernon, to Paris. 35. Visited Mr. 
Norton' and Mr. Kirkland.' Tarried with Mr. Porter.' 

18. Rode to my sister's. Blessed be a holy God, who has thus far pre- 
served me on my long journey. At evening rode to New Hartford. Very 
kindly received by friends. 

19. Visited. Left New Hartford. Rode through Utica, crossed the 
Mohawk River for the first time to Deerheld,' through Schuyler to Herkimer. 
14. Tarried at a tavern. 

20. Rode through Fairfield, Salisbur)-, and Palantine, to Johnstown. 43. 



' Yet Aaron Burr was the man whom the wards settled at Cornwall, Vt., 1S03-1S36. 

religious people of New England wanted for He died in 1846. 

President in place of Mr. Jefferson. ^ Probably a formation like the L part of 

^ Rev. Jedediah Bushnell, D. D., born at a house. 

Saybrook, Ct., 1769, graduated at Williams ♦ Hon. Dan Bradley already noticed. 

College, 1797 ; studied theology with Rev. ' Rev. Asahel H. Norton. 

Mr. Judson, of Sheffield, Mass. After being *■ Rev. Samuel Kirkland. 

licensed to preach, he went West and preached ' Rev. Robert Porter, 

in Canandaigua, N. Y. He was appointed * Deerfield, in Oneida County, organized 

by the missionary society of Connecticut to 179S, one hundred miles west of Albany. It 

labor in New York and Vermont. After- has now a Congregational church. 



178 DIARV OF REV. THO.\rAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [l8o2. 

Tarried at a tavern. Saw the locks at the Little Falls ; si.\ locl;s and twelve 
pair of gates. 78. 

21. Rode through Broadalbin, Galloway, Milton, to IJallston. 28. Viewed 
the springs. A very great number of people at them. The water very loath- 
some.' Quite hot. Tarried with Mr. Bradlev. 1.13. 

22. Preached for Mr. Jiradley. Congregation not large. House very 
poor. Verv warm. Atlected in my nerves. 

23. Parted with my company, Mr. Bradley. Rode through Malta, Still- 
water, crossed the Piudson River, Schaghticoke, recrossed the river, Half- 
moon, Waterford to W'atervliet. Tarried at a tavern. 

24. Rode through Albany, crossed the Hudson, Greenbush. Schodack. Kin- 
derhook, Claverack, to Hudson." Tarried at a tavern. This a tlourishino- 
place on a situation quite unhandsome. Extremely hot. 48. 

25. Rode from Hudson to Livingston. Very kindly received and agree- 
ably entertained at Mr. H. \V. Livingston's.^ This situation one of the 
pleasantest I ever saw. Read Wood's'' History of Pn-sidcn/ Adams's Adminis- 
tnithni. Vesterday and today are thought to be clearly the hottest days of this 
summer. 

26. Read. Mr. Livingston and lady very agreeable. Rode to Ancram,' 
just at evening. Tarried at a tavern. 

27. Rode on in the town of Livingston, to Salisbury, Ct., Canaan, and 
Norfolk, my much loved native town. At \\\\ father's house found all well. 
A holy God has thus preserved me through a long journey, in infinite mercy 
and brought me home surrounded with infinite blessings. Blessed be God for 
all liis goodness. Bless the Lord, mv soul.'' 



' He was probably a novice in the busi- Atlantic World. His History of the Adminis- 

ness of drinking mineral waters. tritwn of John Adams was published in 1S02. 

= Hudson is in Columbia County, N. Y., Mr. Robbins probably found it as a book fresh 

on the high bank east side of Hudson River, from the press at the house of Mr. Livingston. 
t\venty miles or more below Albany. Hudson = Ancram was within the Livingston manor, 

was founded in 1 783 by enterprising men and was so named from the parish in Scot- 

from Rhode Island and Nantucket. Its growth land where Rev. John Livingston, father of 

was rapid. Robert the founder, lived and preached. 

' This was on the old Livingston manor, ' Mr. Robbins left his home the year be- 
the first founder and proprietor of which was fore, September 23. He had been absent 
Robert Livingston, who came to this country eleven months and four days. We gave his 
from Scotland about 1672. It has been a debt and credit account up to the time of his 
family of eminent men, not a few of whom le.aving Charlotte. He reached New Hart- 
have been distinguished in the public service. ford, Oneida County, N. Y., about the begin- 
Nme men of this family name have been grad- ning of 1S02, with forty dollars and twenty- 
uated at Yale College, four at Harvard, and si.x cents in his pocket. When he reached 
two at Williams. The member of the family Norfolk in August that year, after his long 
who entertained Mr. Robbins was a Yale journey to Niagara, by his preaching at New 
gr,aduate of 17S6, Hon. Henr)' W. Livingston, Hartford and other places, he had covered 
Member of Congress, Judge and Ambassador all expenses, bought books, etc., and had 
to Prance. Yet he died in 1810 at the early on hand one hundred and thirty-one dollars 
^^^°^ ^"'''^'■'"'"- and ninety-sbc cents. His journey since leav- 
John Wood, a native of Scotland, who ing Norfolk, the vear before, had been not 
ed.tcd a paper in Kentucky called the IW-st- far from two thousand miles, made whollv on 
tni ;f .>/-/,/, and a paper at Washington, the horseback. 



lSo2.] AT HOME AT NORFOLK, CT. lyg 

2S. Worked some. Wrote. I think my parents are more healthy and 
smart then they were a year ago. A hartl rain. ( )n the 24th bought a ticket 
in tJie letter)- for the encouragement of literature in that State." No. 10,046, 
price six dollars. 

29. Quite rainy. Afternoon preached for my father. At evening attended 
a conference. 

30. My parents, my sister, and brother," set out for Williamstown. Set 
out myself. Rode to Becket. Tarried with Esq. Kingsley. This town in a 
critical situation. 

31. Rode to Williamstown. Very warm. At evening attended exhibition. 

Septembei;. 

1. Attended the Commencement. The exercises very good. My brother 
James delivered a very good poem.^ Quite warm. Political matters seem to 
be much more still here than formerly. 

2. Cooler. Visited. Read newspapers. The situation of this college is 
quite flourishing. 

3. Rode to Bennington by request to preach on the next Sabbath. Tar- 
ried with Col. Robinson.'' At night quite rainy. 

4. Read. Walked out and visited. Party spirit appears to be much 
moderated in this town. 

5. Cold and rainy. A very great change of weather in a few days. Thin 
meeting. There has been but little regular preaching here sinci Mr. Swift 
was dismissed.' 

6. Left Bennington, rode to Lanesborough. Tarried with Rev. Mr. 
Collins.' 

7. Rode to Panridgefield." took the dimensions of their meeting-house. 
Rode back to Dalton, to attend an ordination." Heard Mr. Jennings ex- 
amined in council. 



' New York, for he was in that State on ' Rev. Ebenezer Jennings, a native of 

the 24th. At that day good people thought Windham, Ct., graduated at Williams, iSoo, 

it right to set up lotteries for various impor- was ordained at Dalton, Sept. S, 1S02, and 

tant purposes. remained there till 1834. It will doubtless 

- His brother Francis and sister Sarah. have been noticed in the foregoing pages how 
' This was the graduating day of James many of the ministers and prominent men in 

Watson Robbins, and his father, two broth- Western Massachusetts came from Connec- 

ers, Thomas and Francis Le Baron, and his ticut. A sentence from the American Qiiar- 

sister Sarah, were present. tir'.y Register, Vol. VII., p. 37, will help to 

'Moses Robinson, born in Ilardwick, illustrate this. Speaking of the ministers of 

Mass., in 1741, was one of the early settlers Berkshire County down to the year 1S34, the 

and principal citizens of Bennington, Vt. He writer .says : " Forty-three of the ministers 

was Colonel in the Revolutionary army, and were born in Connecticut, thirty in Massa- 

afterwards Governor of the State of Vermont, chusetts, three in New York, two in New 

and United States Senator. Hampshire, two in Vermont, and one in each 

- Rev. Job Swift, D. D., who was settled of the States of New Jersey and Maine. The 
in Bennington, Vt., in 17S6, was dismissed birthplace of one is not ascertained. Thirty- 
June 7, iSoi. nine were educated at Yale College, sixteen 

' Rev. Daniel Collins, native of Guilford, at Williams, seven at Harvard, six at Dart- 

Ct., graduated at Yale, 1760, pastor at Lanes- mouth, four at Union, three at Princeton, 

borough, Mass., 1764-1S22. two at Middlebury, and one at Amherst. 

" Partridgefield is now the town of Peru. Seven were not publicly educated." 



l8o DIARV l)F RKV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l8o2. 

8. Attended the ordination. A large collection of people. Rode to 
Middlelield. Tarried witli Mr. Nash.' Towards night felt ver>- unwell. 

9. Rode to Becket. Agreed to come here to preach after the next 
Sabbath. Rode to Piltsficld. Grow constantly more unwell. 

10. My appetite gone. Anxious to get to Bennington. Rode with 
difficulty to Williamstown. Could get no further. May I acquiesce in the 
righteous dispensation of an holy Providence. Tarried at Prof. Fitch's. At 
evening was bled," and took physic. Much distressed. 

11. My disorder seems to be a canker with a pretty high fever. Took 
physic morning and -evening. Can sit up but little. 

12. Much distressed in my head. No appetite. Vomit considerably. 
Took ph\sic. 

13. My i^hysic operated powerfully. Feel some relief. Quite warm. 

14.. Was bled. Very weak. The soreness of my throat abates. Ex- 
tremely hot. On the nth wrote to Col. Robinson, Bennington. 

15. Tiirough the blessing of a merciful Providence, I think I am gaining 
moderately. Stepped out of the house. Last night a hard shower. Weather 
more comfortable. 

16. Read some, which hurt me. My head very weak. 

17. Walked out a little way. I gain strength very slowly. 

18. Cool. Able to read some. Considerably sickly in this town and 
through the countr)-. 

19. Have something of a diarrhoea. Afternoon attended meeting. Blessed 
be (jod that I may enter his house. 

20. Shower)-. Read some. Troubled with a pain and dizziness in my head. 

21. Wrote to Col. Robinson, Bennington. Received live dollars from 
Bennington. Received a letter from Col. Robinson. 2.00. 

22. Quite rainy. Read. I gain strength but moderately. Intended to 
have set out for home today, had the weather been favorable. Traded. 96. 

23. Read the J'lirsuits of Literature.^ The president received a letter from 
my father informing that he had heard and was very anxious about my sick- 
ness. Steadily wet. 

24. Read newspapers. Afternoon the rain stopped. Paid the doctor's 
bill, three and one-half dollars. Rode to Mr. Swift's. ■* Blessed be a holy 
God, who has thus far raised me to health, that I may set out for home. Will 
lie earn,- me to my father's house. 

25. Clear weather. Rode moderately. Am more weak than I expected. 
Rode to Pittsfield. Tarried with Mr. Gold.' 



' Rev. Jonathan Nash, MiddlefieUl, was in ^ The Pursuits of Literature was a poem 

Hampshire County, and Mr. Nash was pas- published in Philadelphia in 1800. 
tor there 1792-1S32. ■'Rev. Seth Swift, pastor at Williams- 

- lilceding was tlie common practice then, town, already noticed, 
but now for many years almost entirely aban- ' Thomas Gold, Esq., a prominent lawyer 
doncd, e.\cept in a few peculiar cases. It is in Pittsfield, was born in Cornwall, Ct., grad- 
sometimes claimed that bleeding was the right uated at Vale in 177S. His son, Thomas A. 
thing then, when, owing to the change in the Cold, also a lawyer, was graduated at Will- 
human constitution, it would be wrong now. iams, 1806. 



lS02.] AT HOME AT NORFOLK, CT. l8l 

26. In the forenoon attended meeting. Afternoon preached for Mr. 
Allen,' he performing the fore part of the e.xercise. 

27. Rode to Barrington.^ Tarried at a tavern. Quite tired. Some 
reports are circulating respecting Mr. Jefferson, which it is thought will render 
his character infamous.' 

28. Rode home. Thanks be to God's great name. My brother N.'s wife 
has lately lain in, and is very sick. My Uncle L. Le Baron,'' his wife and son, 
at my father's. Called at Capt. Clark's in Sheffield, and saw, I presume, the 
best piece of painting in America. 

29. Walked out. Quite feeble. Read. My father returned from asso- 
ciation. 

30. Afternoon attended the weekly concert of prayer, which is attended 
here and in many places. It is feared the Democrats are increasing in this 
State. 

October. 

1. My Uncle Le Baron set off on his journev. Read the Vagabond. On 
the 28th ult., received a request from the committee of South Canaan' to 
preach with them. Wrote. 

2. Read. Afternoon tried to work some. Am still quite feeble. There 
have been no frosts to stop the growth of vegetables till this week. 

3. Afternoon preached. At evening attended a conference. Last even- 
ing caught a hard cold. 

4. Quite sick with a cold. Bonaparte'' has new modelled the French 
government, and is probably the most powerful sovereign in Europe. 

5. Wrote to President Fitch, Williamstown. My brother J. set off for 
Williamstown. Have a bad cough. 

6. Looked over my books. Have lost some small ones. Fear I shall 
not be able to preach for some time. 

7. Rode out. Quite warm. Hope my brother N.'s wife is recovering, 
though yet very low. 

8. Wrote to the committee of South Canaan. Afternoon set out for 
Becket. But just able to ride. Rode to Sandersfield. Tarried with Mr. 
White.' 

9. Rode to Becket. Much fatigued. Verv warm for the season. 



' Rev. Thomas Allen, native of North- ^ This was the parish where Rev. Daniel 

ampton, graduated at Harvard College, 1762, Farrand had then been pastor for fifty years. 

l^astor at Pittsfield, 1764-1S10. Sometimes He was still living, but died in the following 

called " the fighting parson," from his cour- year. He was probably too infirm to supply 

age and activity in the Revolutionary struggle. the pulpit. 

- Great Barrington. ' Aug. 2, 1S02, Bonaparte was made first 

^ It was not safe at that time to accept Consul for life. This was a very important 

New England rumors concerning Mr. Jeffer- point gained in his career of ambition and 

son. power. 

* Rev. Lemuel Le Baron, of Rochester, ~ Rev. Levi White, native of Randolph, 

Mass. (Mattapoisett), his wife, who was Eliz- Mass., graduated at Dartmouth, 1796. Set- 

abeth Allen, of Martha's Vineyard, and prob- tied in .Sandisfield, 179S, as colleague with 

ably his son Lemuel, who was graduated Rev. Ekazar Storrs, and remaining there 

three yeais before (1799) at Brown University. "'"'' 'S32. Mr. Storrs died in 1810. 



l82 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [lSo2. 

10. \V .IS enabled throut,'h divine mercy to preacli both parts of the day. 
Though quite too weak to ha\e attempted it had not the situation of this 
people been critical." There were two burials. 

11. Very lame with a rheumatism in my left leg. Never had so severe a 
turn. Cool. Read. 

12. Mv lameness a little better. Afternoon attended the funeral of an 
infant child. 

13. Read the liible. Quite confined. A great deal of travel this season. 

14. Read all day. Political matters pretty still in the countr)-. The 
harvest of com rather light. 

15. Rainy. Read Fries's trial. My lameness is much worse than it has 
been. At night my knee w-as so painful I could hardly sleep. 

16. Quite rainy. Wrote. The people here generally appear an.xious to 
have me continue with them, though I think there is not that perfect union 
there was a year ago. Wrote to Col. Lawrence, of Marcellus. 

17. My lameness is much better than it has been. Attended the funeral 
of a child. The congregation here sing very well. 

18. Remarkably warm for the season. Read Mr. Strong's^ Benevolence and 
Alisery} A\'rote. 

19. Rode to Lenox to attend the association of this county.'' Visited at 
Mr. Goodwin's.' Cool. 

20. Mr. D. L. Perry,' of Richmond, was approbated to preach. After 
association rode to Stockbridge with Dr. West. Had an agreeable visit at his 
house. 

21. Rode to Lee. Preached a lecture for Mr. Hyde.' Very little special 
serious attention in the countr)-. 

22. Rode to Becket. Visited. Read the Bible. 25. 

23. My cough something troublesome. The society's committee called to 
see me. Read. Wrote. Troubled some with a pain in my breast. 

24. Ver\' cool for the season. Afternoon preached principally without 
writing. 

25. Attended the funeral of a child. Rode to Stockbridge. Visited Mr. 
Hyde at Lee. Tarried with Mr. Woodbridge.' 

26. Rode home. My mamma has been ver\' sick some days with nervous 
disorder; but now hopefully recovering. 

27. Read. Rainy. Very little cider made in the countrj- this year. Read 
the ]'agabond!^ 



' The people of Becket seem to have had Williams, 1798, and had been tutor at the 

no settled minister from the lime Rev. Za- College. In 1S04, he was settled in Sharon, 

dock Himn left them in 17SS, until Rev. Ct., where he remained till his death in 1835. 

Joseph L. Mills was installed there in 1806. ' Dr. Alvan Hyde, native of Franklin, Ct., 

= Dr. Xathan Strong, of Hartford. graduate of Dartmouth, pastor at Lee, 1792- 

'The more e.xact title of the book is 1S33, a leading minister and theological 

EUnta! Misery ReconciUd with the Bcnez'oUnec teacher. 

'^J '■''"'■ * Gen. Jonatlian Woodbridge. 

• Berkshire County, Mass. 9 -phis book has been before mentioned, 

-" His mother's cousin. prolwbly s.mie novel then new and current, 

David L. Perry, who was graduated at but like hundreds of others not enduring. 



lSo2.] JOURNEYING IX EASTERN CONNECTICUT. 183 

28. Traded. 1.09. Wrote to my cousin S. P. Robbins, now in the districc 
of Maine. 

29. Read. Afternoon set out on a journey. Rode to Colebrook, tarried 
with my brother Ammi. 

30. Rode to Farmington. Quite cold for the season. Tarried with Mr. 
Washburn." 

31. Rainy. Preached for Mr. Washburn. This society very large. My 
cough seems to have principally left me. 

November. 

1. Some ver)- elegant houses building in this town. Rode to Hartford. 
Tarried at Mr. Strong's. 

2. Rode to Durham. Middletown has but little appearance of trade or 
business. Tarried with Mr. Smith. ° 

3. It snowed considerably. Concluded to make a little stay here. Very 
kindly entertained. Read poetry. 

4. Read the Magazhu.^ The prospect of Christianizing the Indians at 
present appears pretty small. Afternoon preached a sacramental lecture for 
Mr. Smith. At evening attended a conference. 

5. Rode to Branford.'' Visited. Tarried with Mr. Huntington.' 

6. Rode to Guilford and to Durham. Warm for the season. 28. 

7. Preached for Mr. Smith. At evening attended a conference. People 
very inquisitive about important doctrines. 

8. Rode to North Killingworth, and visited Mr. Andrews.'' Prayed at 
the opening of the town-meeting.' Rode to Guilford. Preached an evening 
lecture for Mr. Brainerd.' Some seriousness here. 

9. Rode to Chatham. Attended a ministers' meeting at Mr. West's.' 

10. Rode to Marlborough and to Hebron. Tarried with Mr. Bassett.'" 

11. Ver)- warm. Rode to Colchester. Visited Mr. Robbins : " quite poor. 
Rode to Millington. Tarried with Mr. Lyman. " 

12. Afternoon preached a lecture for Mr. Lyman. Rode in the evening to 



' Rev. Joseph Washburn, pastor at Farm- 1S02, dismissed in .\pril, iSii. Graduated 

ington, Mass., 1795-1805, a graduate of Yale, at Yale, 1797. 
1793. ' ^ general custom in the old Xew Eng- 

- David Smith, D. D., a native of Bozrah, land days, and not yet entirely discontinued. 
Ct., graduate of Yale, 1795, pastor at Dur- ° Rev. Israel Brainerd, a graduate of Yale, 
ham, Ct., 1799-1S32. 1797, pastor at Guilford, 1S01-1806. .^fter- 

^ No magazine, in those parts then, but wards removed to Verona, X. V. Died 1S54. 
the Connecticut E-'aiigelical Magazine ; and 'East Hampton in Chatham, Rev. Joel 

this was the number probably for November, West, pastor 1792-1S25, graduate of Dart- 

1S02. mouth, 1789. 

' Where his grandfather Robbins was '° Rev. Amos Bassett, D. D. 

settled. " Rev. Robert Robbins, pastor in \Vest- 

- Rev. Lynde Huntington, a native of Chester parish (Colchester), 1764-1S04, grad- 
Xorwich, Ct., graduate of Yale, 17S8, pastor uate of Yale, 1760. 

at Branford, 1795-1S04, when he died after a '- Rev. William Lyman, D. D., pastor at 

short ministrv. Millington (East Haddam), 1787-1S23, grad- 

•■ Rev. Josiah B. Andrews, settled in April, uate of Yale, T7S4. 



104 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [lSo2. 

Hadlyme. Tarried with Mr. XiiiW.' On tlie loth ministers at East Hampton 
desired me to be at Haddain next Sabl>ath, now vacant." 

13. Rode to Haddam. Quite a ruugh town. Staid at Dr. Brainerd's.' 
This weel< has been remarkably warm and pleasant. 

14. Pretty full meeting. Large house. My cough has not entirely left 
me. At evening attended a conference. Quiie full. The committee re- 
quested me to be here the ne.xt Sabbath. 

15. Read Shakespeare's pla)s. Had a request to go and preach at 
Saybrook. 

16. Had company. Read. My salt-rheum something troublesome. Wrote. 
T. Paine has arrived at Baltimore.'' 

17. Wrote. Rainy. E. Kirby' had fifty-three votes in the House of 
Representatives in this State for Senator in Congress. 

18. Worked some. Read Shakespeare. Wrote a small dialogue. 

19. Considerable controversy in this town respecting a turnpike road. 
Had company. Read. 

20. Read the Bible. Quite warm. O for a due preparation for the 
approaching Sabbath. 

21. Had a large congregation. People very attentive at meeting and 
conference. 

22. Rode out and visited. Considerable ship building done here. At 
night rainy. 

23. The storms this fall are all short and clear off warm. Saw a vessel 
launched. Began a sermon for Thanksgiving on Isa. xii : 2. 

24. Wrote. Some pain in my breast. Finished my sermon on Isa. xii : 2. 

25. This day is Thanksgiving in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode 
Island, and Connecticut. Will a holy God give us grateful hearts, and hear 
the prayers of his people. 

26. Read Shalvcspeare. Afternoon rode out and visited. At night rainy. 

27. Read the Bible. At evening Mr. Williston' arrived from Vermont, 
who is engaged to preach here for some time. 

28. Mr. Williston rode to East Hadilam. At evening preached at the 
conference. Very full. 

29. Received ten dollars from the committee of this society. The com- 
mittee expressed a wish that I would not be soon engaged. Left Haddam. 
Rode to Durham. Tarried with Mr. Smith.' 



' Rev. Joseph Vaill, a native of Litchfield, •> Jefferson gave him permission the year 

Ct., graduated at Dartmouth, 1778, pastor at previous, to come over in one of our goveru- 

Hadlyme, 1780-1838. mcnt ships. He reached Baltimore in October. 

- Rev. Eleazar May, graduated at Yale in 5 Ephraim Kirby, of the class of 17S7 at 

1752, and settled in Haddam in 1754, was Yale. He was not however elected, 

now in his old age, and had withdrawn from *■ Rev. David H. Williston, a graduate of 

the active duties of the ministry. He died Yale, 17S7. Sent by the Connecticut Mis- 

the following year, 1S03. sionary Society to labor among the new set- 

^ Haddam was the special home of the tlements in Vermont. He was a sturdy 

Brainerds, the descendants of Daniel Brain- Christian worker living on to nearly eighty 

erd, who, removing from Hartford, settled years of age. 

there in the early New England years. " Dr. David Smith. See note Nov. 2, 1S02. 



l8o2.] PREACHING AT BECKET, MASS. loj 

30. Rode to New Haven. Visited friends. Rode out of town, and 
tarried at a tavern. Traded. 1.96. The warmest and pleasantest November 
I ever knew. The Thanksgiving day was singularly so. 

Uece.mbek. 

1. In the forenoon very rainy. Afternoon rode to the lower part of 
Litchfield. Tarried at a tavern. 

2. Rode home. My mamma much healthier than when I left home. M\- 
father has received a letter from Becket informing him tliat the church and 
society have unanimously given me a call to settle with them. I am sorry. 

3. Wrote. T. Paine is very intimate with Mr. Jefferson. He is publish- 
ing letters to the people. 

4. Rode through New Marlborough to Becket. Bad riding. The people 
here appear to have been in some anxious suspense about my absence. 

5. A hard storm of rain. My health much better than when I left the 
town. Read the Bible. 

6. Read Cormick's' Continuation of the English History. Quite cold. 
Had company. 

7. Read. Rode out and visited. I feel a verj' great disinclination to 
settling in this place. 

8. Attended an ecclesiastical council which met in this place in conse- 
quence of difficulties in the church.^ Quite winter weather. 

9. I hope and trust the result of the council here will be of essential 
service to this church and society. Visited a school. Very cold. Read 
Lloyd's ^ Cuntinuatioji. 

10. E.ttreme cold. Visited two schools. My salt-rheum troublesome. 

11. It snowed some. Weather moderated. Read Lloyd. Had company. 

12. Pleasant. This congregation I think considerably smaller than a 
medium in the country. 

13. Rode home. Quite cold. My mamma better than she has been, but 
still feeble. 

14. It snowed some. Worked some. \\'orked a difficult question in 
arithmetic. 

15. Read newspapers. Strong symptoms of renewed hostilities in Europe. 
Will a holy God mercifully avert the evil. 

16. E.xtreme cold. Much the most severe weather we have had this year. 
No snow for sleighing. Visited at my brother Nathaniel's.' 

17. The thermometer stood this morning at ten below zero. Walked out. 
Read. 

18. It snowed some. Weather less severe. Rode to New Marlborough 
to e.xchanjje with Mr. Catlin.' who went to Becket. 



' C. M. Cormick, before mentioned, who lanJ down to the year 1764. This was pub- 
wrote the History of England from the death lished in London, 1764. 
of George II, to the peace of 17S3. * His home was in Norfolk. 

^ We have not been able to lind the par- - Rev. Jacob Catlin, \). D., native of Har- 

ticular matter of diliiculty for which the coun- winton, Ct., graduated at Yale, 17S4, pastor 

cil was called, but the church was in a weak of First Church in New Marlborough, Mass., 

and troubled state for some years. 17S7-1S2O. An able preacher and theological 

' Thomas IJoyd wrote the History of Eng- teacher. 



j86 diary of rev. thomas robelvs, d.d. [1802. 

19. The weather moderates. This society rather small. At evening 
attended a singing meeting. 

20. Rode to Canaan. Visited Mr. Farrand.' Quite poor. Bought of 
him one third of Poole's" ,5>«(y!'JvV fur twcnt}- shillings. Rode home. Warm 
for the season. 

21. Rainv. Finished reading the r^;^'<7/'(Wr/. At evening walked out. 

22. Finished reading Lloyd's History. May I retain things which are 
useful. My mamma feeble. 

23. Wrote. .-Vfternoon attended the weekly concert of prayer. Quite 
rainy. Switzerland making a struggle to regain her lost liberties. It appears 
to be vain to contend against Bonaparte. On the 17th wrote to Mr. 
Redtield. a society committee of Saybrook. Through the great goodness of a 
holv God, my cough, with which I have been afflicted nearly three months, 
appears to have left me. Blessed be God for all his goodness. 

24. A very sudden change in the weather last night. Quite cold. Rode 
to Becket. Very bad riding. Got only to lower part of the town. 

25. Began to read Payne's Geography? May I be able to finish it and 
derive useful information. Read the Bible. 

26. Meetings liere must be quite thin in uncomfortable weather. Read 
the President's message to Congress. He appears to have but one object, 
popularity.* 

27. The committee of the church and society in this town, presented to me 
an invitation to settle with them in the ministry. The union is said to be 
great. O for divine guidance and direction that I may know what to do. 

28. Rode out and visited a school. Quite warm and rainy. The ground 
appears to be breaking up. Wrote to Mr. D. Risley,' Whitestown. 

29. Visited two schools. The schools in this town under pretty good 
regulations. But I think there is considerably less schooling in this State 
than in Connecticut." Read. 

30. Read Payne's Geography. Wrote. Cold. We have very sudden 
changes of weather. 

31. Wrote a piece for publication. Read the Bible. Read the New York 



' Mr. Farrand, as before said, was quite ■■ Hard to see anything good in Mr. Jeffer- 

,igcd, and though still pastor in name, had son. 

given up mainly the care of his parish. ' David Risley, spoken of in previous 

= Matthew Poole, born ,it York, England, note. 

1624, died 1679. His Synopsis Criticornm •■ At that time, the common schools of 

has long been a well-known work among Connecticut were accounted superior to those 

scholars. of any other .State. Afterwards, for a time, 

•* John Payne's UnharsaJ Geography, Lon- she depended too much upon her school fund, 

don, 1791, two volumes, folio. but now ta-xes herself freely. 



1 8 O 3 - 

January. 

1. Attempted to give thanks to God for the kind preservation of another 
year. Finished my former dian,-, and prepared this. Read the Bible. Quite 
cold. 

2. Meeting full and serious. At evening had company. Read Dr. Em- 
mons's ' Sermons. 

3. Read Payne's Geography. In the afternoon this society had a meeting 
and voted me a salary of three hundred and si.xty-seven dollars on condition of 
my settling with them. 

4. Quite cold. The ground covered with snow, but no sleighing. 

5. Rode to Stockbridge. Tarried with Mr. E. Brown." The piece I 
wrote last week is published. 

6. Last night a ver)' hard rain. Warm. Returned to Becket. 

7. Rode out and visited. The people here propose to give me some 
assistances in addition to the salary of three hundred and sixtj'-seven dollars. 
They appear universally desirous to have me continue with them, but I feel at 
present that I shall not.^ 

8. Read Payne's Geography. Read the Bible. Wrote. 

g. Extreme cold. Very bad going. Had company. Read the Bible. 

10. Received of this society forty-five dollars. Left Becket. Perhaps I 
shall not return. Rode to my father's. 

11. Warmer. Worked some. Bought a cow for sixteen dollars. This 
town considerably agitated in consequence of a man lately running away in 
the debt of many people. 

12. Rainy. Wrote. Afternoon set out for Saybrook. Rode to Torring- 
ford. Tarried with'Mr. Mills.'' 

13. Bad riding. Very muddy. Rode to Berlin.- Tarried at a tavern. 



' Dr. Nathaniel Emmons, native of East ' It was a cause of pain to Mr. Robbins 

Haddam, Ct., graduate of Vale, 1767, pa.stor to refuse these hearty overtures for settle- 

at Franklin, Mass., 1773-1840. Dr. Sprague ment. He would have been much better 

in Annals of the American Pulpit (Congrega- pleased if the people of Becket had not asked 

tional). Vol. i, p. 699, says : •' Dr. Emmons him to settle. 

published five octavo volumes of sermons on ■• Rev. .Samuel T- Mills, father of Samuel 
Christian Doctrine and Duty, and one vol- J. Mills, Jr., of Foreign Mission memories, 
ume of occasional sermons ranging from iSoo ^ j^, Berlin. Rev. Evans Johns, a Welsh- 
to 1826." man, educated in England, and for some time 

^ Ephraim Brown was one of the men who minister at Bury St. Edmunds, had been set- 
went from Spencer, Mass., to Stockbridge to tied the June before. He was probably such 
assist Rev. John Sargent in his work among an entire stranger that Mr. Robbins would 
the Indians. This E. Brown may have been not ta.\ him for the usual ministerial hospi- 
a son of his. tality. 

187 



iSS 



PIAkV OK KKV. THOMAS ROBP.INS, D.D. L^^OJ. 



I I. R..dc lo Middlctown. Afternoon and at niijht it rained verj- hard. 
Tarried at a tavern. 

i;. Rode tliroii-h Haddam to .S.iyljrook. The people appear to have been 
in anxious expectation of my connng. 

ir,. This society appears to he small. It is the third society in the town. 
'I'hev sing very well.' At evening had company. 

17. Read Vuller's' Gosfd its Own U'i/ncss. I live at a Mr. Kelsey"s. 
.\t evening called to see a Mrs. Devotion.' widow of the late minister. 

:S. Finished reading Fuller. Xcry cold. The people here do consider- 
able in coast navigation.' Had company. 

10. Read the Bible. F.xtreme cold. Read the Biographical Mirror? 
Walked out. 

20. N'o more snow to be seen than in summer. Wrote. Had company. 
The singers met here and sang. 

2\. Read. Very still times in the country respecting political matters. 
Walked out and visited. 

22. Finished reading the Biogmpliiia! Mirror. Read .Yigkt ThougJits. 
This week has been steadily very cold, but no snow. 

23. Preached upon Means. People here pretty ignorant concerning doc- 
trines. .\t evening attended a singing meeting; prayed in it. 

2\. Began to read Dr. Robertson's' History of Charles V. Visited a 
young woman ver\- sick. The conunittee of this society requested me to 
preach with them for the present. 

25. Last night very sick. I suppose in consequence of eating clams. 
Read. Walked out. At night it rained some. 

26. Read Robertson. Warm. Rode to the old societ:)' in this town, and 
attended a funeral of a man who. in middle age and perfect health, was found 
dead in his bed yesterday morning. 

27. The President has appointed Gov. ^[unroe " Envoy Extraordinary to 
Spain. It snowed considerably. At night there was a ball where I live. I 
went * ant! spent the evening, and slept at a neighbor's. 



' It will have been noticed that Mr. Rob- But he seems to have been a younger 

liin.< often speaks of the singing in the par- brother. 
i.-hes where he preaches. ^ From generation to generation many 

' Rev. .Xndrew Fuller, an eminent Baptist men in Saybrook grew rich in that wav. 
divine born at Wicken, Eng., 1754, died at -' Mirrm; exliibited by the sayings and 

Kittering, 1S15. transactions of the greatest men in Europe. 

' Rev. John Devotion had been pastor of i2mo, Boston, 1S02. 
the Third Church in Saybrook (now West- <> Dr. William Robertson, of Scotland, son 

brook) from October, 1757, to -September, of the parish minister of Borthwick, in Mid 

1S02, when he died. Ebenezer Devotion, his Lothian, was himself a very able minister of 

brother, was pastor of Scotland Parish (Wind- the Church of Scotland, but gave himself 

ham). 1735-1771,. and they were sons of Rev. largely to literary work. His History 0/ 

Ebcne/cr Devotion, pastor at Sufficld, Ct., C/iarlcs T was first published in 1769. 
I7>c^i:4i. The father w.as a graduate of "James .Monroe was appointed in 1803 

ILirvard. 1707, and the two sons of Yale, Minister Plenipotentiary jointly with Charles 

Ebcnc/cr in 1732, and John in 1754. Dr. Pinckney to negotiate u'ith Spain. 
Spraguc in his Ann.!.'.' m.akes John Devotion, ^ That is, not to the ball, but to the neigh- 

of Saybrook, son of Ebenezer, of Scotland. bor's house to soend the ni"ht. 



1803.J FkEACHIXG AT WESTDROOK, CT. 189 

2S. Rode out. Ver)- cold. Visited a school. At evening attended a 
conference meeting with Baptists. 

29. Visited a young woman apparently near the close of life. Pretty good 
sleighing. Wrote a negative answer to the call of the church and society of 
Becket. Wrote to Mr. James Rudd. of Backet. 

30. Read the Bible. A ver\- cold rain. Thin meeting. 

31. Set out to go to Danbur)-. Dined with Mr. Mansfield," of Killing- 
worth. Rode to East Haven, tarried at a tavern. 

Febru.\ry. 

1. Rode through New Haven, breakfasted with Mr. Davis.^ Rode 
through Derby and Newtown to Danbury. Very kindly received. 

2. Visited. Quite rainy. Find many apparent friends. There is hope- 
fully some seriousness in this town. 

3. There have been an unusual number of deaths of heads of families 
in this town in two years past. Rainy. At evening attended a conference. 

4. Concluded not to attempt to get to Saybrook this week. Ver)- cold. 
The riding extremely bad. Agreed to tarry here over the Sabbath. Tarried 
at Mrs. Taylor's. 

5. Walked out and visited. Read newspapers. Traded. 

6. An exceeding rainy day, yet a good number of people at meeting. 
Many appear quite serious. Tarried at Mr. Mygatt's. Mrs. M. apparently 
sinking with a consumption. 

7. Warm. Ver)' muddy. Wrote to my father. Read. Traded. Had 
some clothes made. 

8. Received many kind attentions. Left Danbur\-. Ver\' bad riding. 
Rode to Huntington.^ tarried with Mr. Rexford.* 

9. Rode to Milford. Tarried with Mr. Pinneo.= At evening attended a 
conference. 

10. Very cold and tedious. Rode to New Haven. Traded ; bought 
books. Rode to Guilford. Tarried with Mr. Brainerd.* 

11. Rode to Sa3-brook. Pretty much fatigued. At evening walked out. 
Received a letter from Rev. Mr. Mills,' of this town. 

12. Wrote. Began to read Milton's Paradise Lost in course. 

13. People at meeting quite attentive. Afternoon and at night a cold and 
violent rain. 

14. Read Milton. It snowed some. At evening had companv. 



' Rev. Achilles Mansfield, pastor of the -= Rev. Bezaleel Piniieo, a native of that 

First Church of Killingworth (now Clinton), part of Lebanon, Ct., which is now Columbia, 

1779-1S14. He was a native of New Haven, a graduate of Dartmouth, 1791, pastor at 

and a graduate of Yale, 1770. Milford, 1796-1S49. He was one of the lead- 

^ Henry Davis, his Yale classmate, was ing ministers in Connecticut in the early 

still tutor at the college. years of the present centur)-. 

' That part of the town which is now ' Rev. Israel Brainerd. 

Monroe. ' Rev. Samuel Mills, pastor in that part 

* Rev. Elisha Rexford, pastor at Hunt- of the town of Saybrook now known as 

ington (now Monroe), 1765-iSoS, a graduate Chester, 1786-18:4, a graduate of Yale, 

of Yale, 1763. 1776. 



190 



DIARV OK REV. THOMAS ROBriNS, D.D. [1803. 



1;. Quite cold. Rode out and visited. Collected the genealogy of the 
Whittlesey family. 

i«i. Read the Biiile. Read neuspa]Mrs. Finished reading Paradise Lost. 
.\ vers- hard storm of snow. 

17. Walked out and visited. It appears probable that Democracy is on 
the decline in the United States." The greatest exertions, however, are made 
in this State. May a merciful God preserve us. 

18. Warm for the season. We have e.xceeding variable weather. At 
evening rode out and preaclu'd a lecture. Preached without notes from Isa. 
.\.\vi : 4. Quite a full meeting. 

19. Read Robertson's Cliarks V. Had company. I think this society is 
in some danger from the Baptists. Read the Bible. 

20. People at meeting quite attentive. I think there is a prospect that 
they will hear the humbling doctrines of the gospel here, though in times 
past thev have not been much used to them." 

21. Warm. Rode to Saybrook ' and visited Mr. Hotchkiss.* Very bad 
riding. 

21. Read Robertson, .\fternoon rode to Chester, visited Mr. Mills. At 
evening preached a lecture. Some awakening there. 

J3. Remarkably warm for the season. Rode down to Pettipague,' and 
preached a lecture for Mr. Ely.' Rode to Pochogue. 

24. Read. Had company. It snowed considerably. Walked out and 
visited. 

2_v Quite cold. Afternoon preached a sacramental lecture. Walked out. 
Received a letter from Mr. Brainerd. of Guilford. 

26. U'rote. Read the Saybrook riatfonnJ Afternoon rode to Saybrook 
to exchange with Mr. Hotchkiss.* 

27. All societies in this town rather small. At evening attended a sing- 
ing meeting. The spirit of religion appears here but little. 

28. Returned. Rode to Killingworth, visited Mr. Mansfield.' Returned. 



1. Read Robertson's Charles V. It snowed some. Walked out. Quite 
cold. 

2. Yen,- cold. Read. At evening was invited out to a supper. 



• As already suggested, the Democrats in ' Rev. Richard Ely, pastor at Pettipaug, 

1804 elected Jefferson for a second term by 17S6-1S14, a native of Lyme, and graduate of 

a much more decisive vote than in iSoo. Yale, 1754. He had been before settled at 

= This remark seems to imply that Mr. North Madison, Ct., 1757-17S5. 
Devotion, the last minister, h.id been rather ' .\ system of church government pre- 

Arminian in his tendencies. p.ired at Saybrook in the year 170S, for the 

■> Old Saybrook, the first ecclesiastical use of the churches of Connecticut, some- 

p,iri<h in the town. what more rigid than the Cambridge Platform 

' Rev. Frederick W. Hotchkiss, iiastor at prepared at Cambridge, Mass., in 164S. Both 

Old Saybrook. 17S3-1S44, a graduate of Vale, these platforms are now largely outlawed. 
I7:S. native of New Haven. s g^g ^^^^ February 31. 

- I'cuipaug. now Centcrbrook, Ct. ? See note ante January 31. 



1S03.] PREACHING AT WESTBROOK, CT. IQI 

3. Weather moderates. People are beginning vessels' At evening 
attended a wedding. I have not been in a sleigh through the winter, a cir- 
cumstance which I presume has never taken place before in any winter of my 
life. 

4. Finished reading Robertson's History of Charks V. At evening rode 
out and visited. 

5. Read. The people of this State are in considerable agitation respect- 
ing a Democratic Thanksgiving to be held at New Haven next week. 

6. Preached on the Doctrine of the Resurrection. Much fatigued. At 
evening quite sick. 

7. Considerably unwell. Walked out and visited. At evening it snowed 
some. Mr. Bushnell,^ the missionar\', came here and tarried. 

8. Wrote to my parents. Afternoon rode to Pettipague,' and heard Mr. 
Bushnell preach. At evening he preached again, after which I preached 
extempore from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. Tarried with Mrs. Hayden. 

9. Last evening my horse got away. Afternoon found him without much 
difficulty. Returned to Pochogue. 

10. Preached a lecture in the upper part of the society, with a few short 
notes on 2 Pet. i: 5, 6, 7. The Thanksgiving'' at New Haven was )-esterday. 
The people in Kentucky appear to be much alarmed by the interruption of 
their commerce. Our government appears to be mere pusillanimity. 

11. Wrote to Mr. Brainerd,-' of Guilford. Began a sermon on 2 Tim. iv : 
7, 8. Troubled with a sickness at the stomach. 

12. Wrote considerably. Mrs. Devotion, widow of the late minister, ver\' 
poor, probably near the close of life. Received a letter from my father. 

13. The spring appears to be approaching. Quite troubled with a stom- 
ach sickness. At evening attended a singing meeting. 

14. Read. Had company. The State in considerable agitation about 
political matters. 

15. Took tartar emetic. It operated very violently. It makes me ver^■ 
feeble. 

16. Had engaged to ride today to Guilford. Am totally unable, \^'alked 
out. Several persons sick in this place. Very warm for the season. 

17. Read Mortimers Scholar's Dictionary!' I presume Congress have done 
far less business during their late session than at any one under the present 
government. 



' The spring was opening, and the work of probably simply a special rejoicing on the 

building vessels, which was an important busi- part o£ Democrats that they were now in 

ness interest of the place, had begim. power. Such rejoicings now on the part of 

° Jedediah Bushnell, D. D., before noticed any political party are regarded simply as a 

in connection with his missionary work among matter of course. Liberty, political and re- 

the New York churches, was a native of this Ijgious, is better understood now than then, 

town of Saybrook. ^ See note ante February' 10. 

' See note February 23. ' The StiidettCs Pocket Dictionary, or Cont- 

* This was the Democratic Thanksgiving pendium of Universal History, in two parts, 

iust before spoken of in the diary. It was By Thomas Mortmier, London, 1777. 



19- 



PIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. ['803. 



is. Ihul :i request to preach at Haddam. Have concluded to go after 
tlie second Sabbath hi April. Rode out and visited. Mrs. Devotion died 
tlii^ afternoon.' 

19. My stomach sickness continues. Quite warm. Went out on the 
w.i'.er. .\fternoon went lo Saybrook to exchange with Mr. Hotchkiss. 

JO. Was enabled to go through the exercises of the day better than I 
expected. Returned to I'ochogue ;' :i"fl attended the funeral of Mrs. Devo- 
tion. Rainy. 'I'hrec neighboring ministers at the funeral. 

21. \'isited a school. ,\t evening walked out. I'nable to attend to study. 

22. Worked considerably in leveling a site to build a vessel. Read the 
y.i/i- of Col. Gnn/iiur.' 

ZT,. Through divine goodness 1 am much better of my disorders. Went to 
live with Ksq. Say. Worked some. Afternoon a very violent snow-storm. 

24. Read. Democracy is now making its most violent efforts in this State. 
May the (lod of our fathers preserve us. 

25. Received a letter from Mr. Andrews, North Killingworth, requesting 
me to go and preach at Middletield.'' a society in Middletown. Received a 
letter from my father with a request from the town of Middlebury, Vermont, 
that I would go there to preach. At e\'ening the committee of this society 
called to see me. O for divine direction, and that I may be willing to go 
where duty calls. 

26. Quite cool for the season. Received a letter from Mr, lirainerd, of 
Guilford. Wrote. At night quite rainy. 

27. People pretty attentive here, but f fear \ery stupid. Quite tired. At 
evening attended a singing meeting. 

28. Rode out and visited. Read newspapers. The Federalists were 
never so alarmed and never made such exertions in this State as at present.-' 

29. Rode to Saybrook and back. Viewed the place of the first settlers.' 
Making some collections of the Whittlesev familv. 

30. Wrote. Tried to break my horse' for a carriage. He acts quite 
badly. Walked out. 

31. Wrote. .Vfternoon rode to Saybrook and preached a sacramental 
lecture. Returned. At evening was at a weddinir. 



' Her husband died the year before, after = Connecticut continued to be one of the 

being pastor of the church forty-five years. Federal States after almost all the others be- 

= Pochogue, several times before men- came Democratic. 

tioned, w,-is the Indian name of that part of f' There was a fort at Saybrook built by 

Saybrook where he was preaching. the younger John Winthrop as early as l6j6, 

' Col. James Gardiner, a British officer, the year when the Hooker Company came to 
remarkable for his earnest religious life. He Hartford, and two years before the settle- 
was killed at the battle of Prestonpan.s, 1745. ment began at New Haven. Young John 
His life w.as written by Dr. Phili]) Doddridge, Higginson preached to the few people" in and 
and has l)ccn very widely circulated and read. about the fort in 1636, and for four or five 

' .\iter the death of Rev. .^bner Benedict, years afterwarck 

l>a.^[nr at Middletield (in Middletown), 1771- ' This is the horse, so far as appears, that 

17S5. the church had no settled minister until he bought of Rev. Mr. Avery, of Tyringham, 

M.iy. 1.00. when Rev. Stephen Hayes began and with which he made his two thousand 



|>rk there. miles 



journey. 



1803.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK, CT. I93 

April. 

1. Read newspapers. Finished my sermon on 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. Poorly 
able to study. Warm for the season. 

2. Made a family piece for the Whittlesey family.' Walked out and 
visited. People here much engaged in building vessels. 

3. Full meeting. Quite warm. People appear quite anxious to have me 
return here. 

4. Received fifty dollars from this society. Left Saybrook, rode to 
Branford. Tarried with Capt. Russell. 

5. Rode through New Haven to Fairfield and Greenfield. Tarried at a 
tavern. 

6. Rode to Danbur}-. Kindly received. Wann. I imagine that political 
commotions have risen in this State to their hight.^ 

7. There being no preacher here* at present concluded to tarr\- till after 
the Sabbath. Cool for the season. At evening attended a conference. 

8. This day is the Fast through this State. Preached. Something rainy, 
with considerable thunder. 

9. Had a pair of boots* made; cost si.x dollars. Paid for a beaver hat 
made for me, seven and a half dollars.' Quite cool. Visited. There is a 
prospect of a minister being settled here. There has lately been an addition 
to the church of sixteen members. More are expected. 

10. There was the fullest meeting I ever saw here on an ordinarj- occa- 
sion. At evening rode to New Milford. Tarried at a tavern. Received ten 
dollars from the society at Danbury. 

11. Rode ver)- early to Litchfield and to Norfolk by two o'clock. Attended 
Freeman's Meeting. The votes for Governor here were one hundred and 
ninety-nine, fifteen of which were for E. Kirby.'' 

12. The people in this quarter appear to have been universally at the 
Freeman's Meeting which has consequently issued in a great defeat of Democ- 
racy. Quite warm. Read. Received a printed letter from Mr. Carey," of 
Philadelphia. Received one from my cousin, S. P. Robbins. 

13. Rode out. Read Mr. Rosse's and Mr. Morris's speeches in the 
Senate of the L'nited States on the subject of our injuries at New Orleans. I 
believe they will hereafter be greatly celebrated. 



' By hints here and there we see that Mr. ^ Ephraim Kirby was the Democratic can- 

Robbins, as a young man, was engaged in didate. He was a man of ability, and was 

genealogical investigations when that occu. Judge in the United States District Court in 

pation was, as yet, verj' rare in New England. New Orleans. He stood no chance for Gov- 

^ He begins to discover a reaction, which, ernor in the Federal State of Connecticut, 

under the circumstances, was quite natural Jonathan Trumbull, son of Jonathan Trum- 

and proper. bull of Revolutionary memory, was re-elected 

' There had as yet been no one settled in Governor in 1803. He held the office by re- 

Danbury in place of Rev. Mr. Langdon, de- election, 1795-1809, and was followed by 

ceased. In the month of May following Rev. other Federalist Governors until 1817. 
Israel Ward began his labors there. ' Mathew Carey, a native of Dublin, Ire- 

■* These were top-boots. land. Established him^■;lf in Philadelphia, 

'He was choice and particular in all 17S4, as printer and publisher, and founder of 

articles of dress. the firm of Carev & Son. 



«94 



DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1803. 



14. Read newspapers. Democracy ha.s probably received the greatest 
shock in this Stale that it has had since its lirst existence. Wrote to Mr. N. 
Miintjer. Middlebiirv, Vermont. Wrote to tiie committee at Westmoreland. 

I J. E.xpected to have .set out for Haddam, but the rain prevented me. 
Read. M night it snowed pretty hard. 

16. Mv father rode to South Canaan to preach to that people now desti- 
tute in consequence of the late death of Mr. Farrand. Read Backus on 

17. It snowed most all day. Thin meeting. 

iS. Thought to be the greatest snow we have had the past \vinter. It 
goes verv fast. Worked considerably. 

19. Dated my reading in several of my books. Have been very fortunate 
with mv library. Walked out and visited. Worked some. Federalism in- 
creasijig in the neighboring .States." 

20. Rode out wi^h my brother's wife.' Very poor. Afternoon set out for 
Haddam. Rode to my brother's' at Colebrook and tarried. 

21. Rode through Farmington to Berlin. Tarried with Mr. Upson. 
()uite warm. 

;.;. Rode through Middletown to Haddam. Kindly received. Very 
warm for the season. 

2_v I live at Dr. Brainerd's. This place was considerably divided about 
their late preacher, Mr. WiUiston.' Mr. May,* their late pastor, died on the 
14th inst. Walked out. 

24. I'ull and attentive meeting. Something unwell. After meeting at- 
tentled a funeral. 'I'iiere have been many deaths of old people here of late. 

j_v Read Shakespeare. Heard from Pochogue. They appear to be 
desirous to have me return to them. 

26. Read. Walked and saw the fishermen catch shad. This town is quite 
a place for fish. Had company. 

27. Walked out and visited sick people. Quite cool. Wrote to my father. 

28. Rode to East Haddam and visited Mr. Parsons.' Drank tea at Gen. 
Cliampion's.' Returned. Found Mr. S. Cowles here from Norfolk, who 
tarried the night. 

29. Quite unwell, sick at the stomach, and very poor appetite. Rode out. 
Cros.sed the river and visited. 

30. Quite warm. Read Shakespeare. Wrote. Yesterday one seine in 



' .\ work l)y Dr. Charles liackus, of Som- ' .Xnimi Ruhamah Robbins. 

cr-i. published early in this century. Dr. -' Rev. David H. Williston from Vermont. 

Backus died Dec. 30, 1S03. <> Rev. Eleazar May. See a previous note. 

= This growth did not make itself manifest ' Rev. Elijah Parsons, pastor at East Had- 

in the following year, iSo.t, when only Con- dam, 1--2-1S27, fllty-five years. Graduated 

nccticut, Maryland, and Delaware voted at Vale, 1-6S. 

.igamst Jefferson for his second jiresiden- ^ E]Kiphroditus Champion, Brigadier Gen- 

"'''/^""- fral of Connecticut Militia, prominent in the 

-' -Nathaniel Robbins's wife. settlement of the Connecticut Reserve, Ohio. 



1803.] PREACHING AT HAPr>A^^, CT. I95 

the river, between Saybrook and Lyme, took more than four thousand shad ' 
at one time. Had some serious conversation in tlie family. 

May. 

1. Rainyi Preached on the subject of Missions. At evening attended 
a conference. People here something inclined to the Baptist sentiment. 

2. Walked out and visited. Dined with a military company. Military 
spirit not very high here. 

3. Rode to the west part of the town and preached a lecture without 
notes from Psa. cx.xiv : 8. At night Mr. Stone." a candidate, called and 
tarried with me. Quite cool. 

4. In the morning a pretty hard frost. Rode to Saybrook. People here 
appear anxious to have me settle with them. 

5. Quite rainy. Visited. The society's committee came to see me. 

6. Shower}'. Left Saybrook, rode to East Haddam. Tarried at Gen. 
Champion's.^ 

7. Rode to Haddam. Read the Bible. This morning a verj- hard frost. 
Many apple-trees are blown, and it is feared they will be much injured. 

8. Very rainy. It snowed considerably. In some places the snow is six 
inches deep. Very thin meeting. I don't recollect having ever preached to 
fewer persons. 

9. In the morning the ground lately dug was so frozen as to bear a man 
walking. Walked out and visited. Had company. 

10. Rode out and visited. Some snow that fell on the 8th remaining. 
Fruit trees in the bloom. 

11. Rode to Hartford to attend the election. Quite warm. Saw the 
Governor's^ entrance in the town. A very handsome parade. My father, 
sister, and brother J.' here. 

12. Public exercises very good. A great concourse of people. The votes 
for Governor are twenty-two thousand four hundred and forty-eight ; six thou- 
sand sue hundred more than were ever given in the State before. Kirby 
had seven thousand eight hundred and forty-eight. Melancholy.' Last even- 
ing the trustees of the Missionary Society appointed me a missionar)- to New 
Connecticut.' I don't know what to do. 



' That was in the old-time shad-tishing. ' James Watson Robbins. 

There have been times since when shad ^ It was melancholy, he means, that Judge 

seemed to be almost driven out of the Con- Kirby should have about one third of all the 

necticut River, though we have the impres- votes cast. 

sion that they are now again becoming more ' The eight northeastern counties of Ohio 

numerous. were called New Connecticut. Under the 

- Rev. William Stone, a graduate of Yale, charter of Charles II Connecticut claimed 
1786, licensed by New Haven East Associ.a- large territories at the West, but there were 
tion, 1787, but seems never to have been conflicting claims, and the United States finally 
settled in Connecticut, but was probably set- gave to Connecticut the right of owner- 
tied somewhere out of the .State. He was a ship to 3,000,000 acres in the northeasterly 
native of Madison, Ct., and died in 1S40. portion of the State. The early settlers were 

' See note April 28. chiefly from Connecticut, and it was long 

* Gov. Jonathan Trumbull, second Gov- called New Connecticut or Connecticut Re- 

ernor of Connecticut of that name. serve. But later, when the population be- 



iq6 DIARY OK REV. THOMAS ROBEINS, D.D. [1803. 

IV Could not gi\e tlie missionan- trustees an answer. Rainy in the 
inornin;.;. Heard llic Governor's speech. Afternoon rode to Haddam. 

14. Wrote. .Afternoon rode to (jiiiiford to e.xchange with Mr. Brainerd.' 
T V -\ l^irge- conj;regation. This tlie worst meeting-house I ever saw. At 
evening had company. 

16. Qiiile warm. Rode liy Chester to Haddam. Visited. Some people 
here inclining to the Methodists. Very much fatigued. 

17. Walked out and saw the shad-fishing. Read. Had company. My 
stomach sickness in a degree still continues. 

iS. \'ery warm. Rode out. Began a sermon on Zech. i.\ : 12. 23. 

19. Rode to .Middle Haddam, visited Mr. Selden, to East Haddam, and 
returned. .Attended a Baptist conference. Heard women exhort. 

20. Rainy. Walked out ; caught a pretty bad cold. Wrote. The Demo- 
crats in the State e.xult at the issue of the late election. Will the God of our 
fathers preserve us. 

21. t^uite unwell with my cold. It is believed that the apples are not 
injured by the late frosts. 

22. Full meeting. Had the contribution for the Missionary Society; 
eighteen dollars and fifty cents were collected. At evening attended a con- 
ference. 1. 00. 

23. Walked out. Visited some sick persons. The committee of the 
society conversed with me ; they appear very an.xious to have me return here. 

24. Rode to Hadlyme and attended a ministers' meeting. Preached. 
Ministers in this vicinity (|uiie harmonious. On the 22d finished my sermon 
on Zech. ix : 12. 6. 

25. Dined at Gen. Champion's. Returned to Haddam. Preached a 
lecture in the Baptist meeting-house without notes from i Cor. ii : 4, 5. 

26. Read President Etlwards on Infant Baptism. Walked out and visited. 
\\"rote a paper. 

27. Rode to Middletown and back with Mrs. Brainerd. Visited Mr. Hunt- 
ington.' Quite cool for the season. 

28. Read the Bible. Wrote a letter to M. L. C. O for a due preparation 
for the duties of the Sabbath. 

29. Serious and solemn meeting. Very full. At evening a full confer- 
ence. Attempted to explain. " It is impossible for those who were once 
enlightened,'' etc. 

30. The people here appear ver\- anxious to have me return. Visited. 
Verv- warm. Received thirty dollars from this society. 

came more mixed, it was called the Western = Rev. David Huntington had been pastor at 

Reserve. The first settlement on this territory the South Church in Middletown, 1797-1800, 

was at Cleveland and Kewburg in 179;, and and was still living there. He was a native of 

in 179.S a settlement was commenced at Lebanon, a graduate of Dartmouth, 1773, and 

Voungstown. In i.Soo, there were on the had previously been pastor at Marlborough, 

Rccrve 1,144 white inhabitants, and in 1810, Ct., 1776-1797. He was afterwards settled, 

i(v;4i. The l.irgc school fund of Connec- December, 1S03, at Hamburg, a parish in the 

ticut was raised from the sale of these lands. town of Lyme, where he died 1812. He was 

■ Rev. Urael I'.rainerd. one of many ministers born in Lebanon, Ct. 



PREACHIXG AT HADPAM. CT. 



197 



31. A small but very refreshing rain. The earth has suffered much with 
drought. Rode to North Killingworth and preached a sacramental lecture for 
Mr. Andrews.' Attended a conference. 

June. 

1. Rode to Durham. Very warm. Bought Carey's^ Bible for w^liicli I 
was a subscriber, for eight dollars. Tarried with Mr. Smith. ^ 

2. Rode to Haddam and to Saybrook. Quite tired. 13. 

3. Read the Bible. Read newspapers. The States New York and 
Rhode Island seem to be effectually given over to Democracy.* We hope the 
God of our fathers will yet protect us. 

4. Read the Bible. The Legislature of our State adjourned yesterday. 
Rainy. Concluded not to think of tarrying with this people. Hope I have 
acted conscientiously. 

5. Pretty full and attentive meeting. At evening attended a singing 
meeting. I believe my preaching here will help open the way for the recep- 
tion of Calvinistic doctrines.' 

6. Quite cool for the season. Read. The people here appear to be 
much disappointed, and some of them offended, at my refusing to continue 
with them. Walked out and visited. 

7. Rode to North Killingworth and attended the Association. The Asso- 
ciation quite agreeable. The congregation in this place very large. 

8. Rode to Haddam and attended a funeral. Preached without notes 
from John xi : 25. Returned to North Killingworth. 

9. Rode to Pachogue. Very warm. Read. Visited. 

10. Read the Bible. Rode to Saybrook. Visited Mr. Hotchkiss and 
Gen. Hart.* English grain appears very well. Returned. 50. 

11. Very hot. Wrote. Walked out and visited. Quite disagreeable to 
tell people I cannot continue here. 

12. Meeting very full. A verj- dry season. Took leave of this people in 
public. Received ten dollars of this society. On the 7th was requested to 
preach as a candidate at Pettipague.' 

13. Left Saybrook, rode to Haddam, and to Berlin. Tarried at a tavern. 
E.xtremely hot. The people at Haddam wish me to return there, but there is 
a prospect of some opposition. I think I shall unless I accept of my vrestern 
appointment. 



' Rev. Josiah B. Andrews;, before noticed. ' All the States but three went that wav 

This place was called North Killingworth the next year in the presidential election of 

until the division of the town, when that 1S04. 

which had before been called Killingworth. ' A hint like that he made, a little way back, 
where the first church was, became Clinton, respecting the parish in Saybrook. He inl- 
and North Killing^vorth became Killingworth. plies that Mr. May's preaching had been 

- An edition probably published by Mathew Arminian. 
Carev, of Philadelphia, about which, probably, *■ Gen. Hart. 

the letter before mentioned from Mr. Carey ' Pettipague was one of the old parishes 

was sent. of the town of Saybrook. Territorially .Say- 

^ Rev. David Smith, D. D., of Durham, brodk was very lai;ge, and a considerable 

Ct., before noticed. number of parishes were within its limits. 



.98 



DIARV OF Rl:V. THOMAS KOBBINS, D.D. [1803. 



14. Rofle to Wnrron from Saybrook. eighty miles. Attended the associa- 
tion.' My father is inchned to havr me nccept of my mission.^ Showery. 

iv Rainy. Stayed through the day. The association quite numerous. 
I-atigiicd with my journey. 

16. Rode home with my father. My brother N. has begun in trade. My 
mamma seems rather incHned tt) liave me go to the westward. 

I-. Read liossuet's Unhersul History. WaUced out. Crops pretty bacli- 

ward. 

iS. Quite warm. My cousin S. P. Robbins arrived here from the district 
of NTaine. Wrote. 

19. My cousin preached in the forenoon and I in the afternoon. At even- 
ing attencied a conference. Something rainy. 

20. Walked out. Mv brolhcr and wife came here and made us an 
agreeable \isit. 

21. Concluded ;ifter long consideration to accept of my appointment as a 
missionary. Will God mercifully go with me and use me for his praise. 
Wrote to Mr. Strong, of Hartford. Wrote to Dr. West, of Stockbridge. 

22. Very warm. Worked some preparing for my journey. Read. A 
great appearance of a renewal of war in Europe. 

23. Attended the concert of prayer which is observed here weekly. Tlie 
season quite dry. 

24. E.\cessive hot. Rode to Colebrook with my father, attended the 
Masonic celebration of St. Johns."' Mr. Lee ■" preached. Returned. Dined 
with the Masons. 

25. Wrote on my accounts. Afternoon rode to Goshen. A copious and 
very refreshing shower. Good is Jehovah. 

26. Preached for Mr. Hooker.' The appearance of religion in the towns 
in this vicinity is much less than a few years past. 

27. Rode home. The neighboring towns seem to have a supply of rain, 
while this is passed over. Received a letter from Mr. Hyde,*^ of Lee, request- 
ing me to deliver an oration in that town on the 4th of July. I cannot go. 

28. Rode to Hartford. Tarried at Mr. Strong's. Quite tired. 

29. E.Kcessive hot. U'rote to my father. Wrote a formal answer to my 
missionary appointment, to Mr. Flint," secretary to the trustees. Towards 
evening rode to Middletown. Tarried at a tavern. 

30. Rode to Haddam. Worked considerably in hay. Eat green peas. 
On the 29th had my hair cut short, which I have worn tyed about twelve 
vears.' 



' This was the General Association of the 5 Rg^. Asahel Hooker, of Goshen, before 

State, whose meeting was usually about the noticed, 
miildlc of June. ^ Rev. .\lvan Hyde, D. D. 

'■ His father was specially interostcd as we ' Rev. Abel Flint, D. D., pastor o£ South 

have seen in this home missionary work. Church, Hartford, 1791-1S24. 

' St. John the Baptist's Day, a great day ' He was now twenty -si.t years old, so he 

w-ili the Frce-^rasons. began to wear his hair tied when he was four- 

' Kev. Chauncey I.ee, \i. D., pastor at teen years old. This fashion passed out of 

Colebrook, iSoo-iS;S. use generallv about that time. 



1803.] PREACHIN'G AT HADDAM, CT. I99 

July. 

1. Extremely hot. Afternoon rode to East Haddam and preached a 
sacramental lecture. Tarried with Mr. Parsons.' Visited Col. Mosele\-.- At 
evening a ver\' hard shower. 

2. Rainy. Very refreshing. Returned. Troubled with a toothache. 

3. Preached upon Discriminating Doctrines. Some people receive them 
with difficulty. Attended a conference. The people here much disappointed 
at the prospect of my going on a mission. 

4. Attended with a pretty large company the celebration of Independence. 
Quite agreeable. Made some toasts. Cool. 

5. Rode to Hartford. Tarried at Mr. Strong's. Visited my old class- 
mate Robbins.' 

6. Rode home. Quite tired. My parents making preparation for my 
ordination. 

7. Had a tooth extracted which has given me much pain. Very hot. 
Wrote. 

8. Set out for Haddam. Wrote to Mr. Jerome/ New Hartford. Rode 
to Farmington. Tarried at Mr. Gridley's. 

9. Rode to Hartford and to Haddam. Excessive hot. Traded. Very 
tired. There have been two deaths of grown persons here this week. People 
generally beginning harvest. 

10. I think I never was more oppressed with the heat. Attended a 
conference. 

11. The tooth I had extracted on the yth was the last double tooth in my 
upper jaw. Walked out and visited. People generally beginning harvest. 

12. Visited. Crossed the river in a boat alone. The Democrats in the 
country exult much at the late purchase of New Orleans.' Showery. 

13. Set out for home. Excessive hot. Rode to Berlin. Tarried at Dr. 
Smalley's.' Have something of a diarrhoea. 

14. Rode to Hartford and onward. Had a coat made. Quite shower)'. 
A great deal of hay and grain down. Tarried at a private house in a part of 
Bristol. 

15. Rode some. Very tired. Have been very fortunate in obtaining ex- 
changes to supply at Haddam next Sabbath. 

16. My brother Lawrence ' here from Paris. Worked some preparing for 



' Rev. Elijah Parsons, pastor at East Had. afterwards generally accepted and approved, 

dam, 1772-1S27, before noticed. and recognized as vastly im])ortant to this 

- Col. Jonathan O. Moseley. country. 

' Levi Robbins, who was with him at ^ Dr. John Smalley, a native of that part 

Yale, probably of the Wethersfield family of of Lebanon which is now Columbia, gradu- 

Robbins, descendants of John Robbins. ated at Yale, 1756, pastor in that part of 

* Rev. Amasa Jerome, graduated at Will- Berlin which is now New Britain, 175S-1820, 

iams, 1798, pastor at New Hartford, Ct., one of the chief ministers and theological 

1802-1813. teachers in Connecticut in his time. He 

5 The Louisiana purchase under Jeffer- lived to be nearly eighty-six years old. 
son's administration in 1S03 ; condemned ' Grove Lawrence, who married Elizabeth 

sharply by the Federalists at the time, but Robbins. 



200 DIARV OF RKV. THOMAS ROMANS, D.P. [1803. 

iho ordination. My father rodu to New Hartford to jjreach tomorrow for Mr. 
Jcroinu." 

17. I'roachcd at liome. supplying at Iladdam by exchanges. People pretty 
altuntivc. .\t evening attended a onference. My brother N.'s ciii'd very 
sick. 

18. Engaged in preparing for the ordination. My Uncle and Aunt Starr" 
came to attend the ordination. Attempted to devote the day in some ineas- 
iirc to fasting and jirayer. preparatory to iny ordination. 

19. Worked considerably. Made a long table in the door-yard, and a 
covering of cloth for a shade. Weather quite clear and cool. My brother's 
child still remains very sick, .\fternoon the council convened in number 34. 
They met at the meeting-house and attended to the examination. Several 
mini>ters are present not belonging to the council. 

20. The most solemn, and to ine important, day I ever saw. May its 
solemnities never be effaced from my mind. I was this day in the most sol- 
emn manner set apart to the great work of the gospel ministry. Towards 
night the council dispersed. Quite tired. We had considerable company be- 
sides the council. Fifty dined exclusive of our family connections or town 
l)e<>]ile. The ordination was performed in the following manner: Mr. Flint,^ of 
Hartlord, made the introductory prayer. Mr. Strong,' of Hartford, preached 
from Matt, xxviii: 19, 20. Mr. Mills,' of Torringford, made the consecrating 
prayer. My father gave the charge. Mr. Perkins,'^ of Hartford, gave the 
right hand of fellowship. Mr. Hooker, of Goshen, made the concluding 
l-iraycr. Mr. Mills, Mr. Perkins, Mr. Hooker,' and my fatlier imposed hands. 
.Vll the parts were performed in a very able and solemn manner. The charge 
was peculiarly affecting. In it my father gave me a Bible. Almost all the 
members of the council observed that it was the most solemn ordination they 
ever saw.' The audience, very large, were solemn and very much aiifected. 
The day was \ery fine. 

2 1. Set out for Haddam. Yesterday my cousin S. P. Robbins' was 
appointed to a short mission to the Black River. Rode through Farmington 
to Middletown. Tarried at a tavern. Rode late. Vcrv tired. 

22. Rode to Haddam in the morning. The Superior Court in session 
here. Dined with the court. Ver\r much fatigued with the labor of the week. 
Something showerv. Attended court. 



lioned 



■ Rev. Amas.i Jerome, just before men- <■ Rev. Nathan Perkins, D. D., of West 



Hartford. A pastor there 1772-1S3S. 



- Rev. Peter and Sarah (Robbins) Starr ' Rev. Asahel Hooker, of Goshen, Ct. 

rom \V.arren, Ct. At this time Mr. Starr » This was an ordination without pastoral 

had l>ccn pastor .n Warren thirty-one years, charge simply for missionary and evangelistic 
h.inng been ord.ained there in ,772. purposes. This ordination took place, of 

Kev. Abel Flint, D. D., South Churdi, course, in Mr. Robbius's native town of 

Xorfolk. 



Hartford, Ct 
' Rev. \.i 

anford, Ct 
• Kcv. .Sam 1 J. Mills, of Torringford, Ct. Connecticut Missionary Society 



Hanrord c'r'''" ^'"'"^' ^'^'" ^''^ '^^'"'^'' '"'• '^°"^^ belonging in Massachusetts, 

5 r, . .' „ ' ... received his missionary appointment from the 



1S03.] PREPARIXG FOR MISSIONARY JOURNEY. 20t 

23. There have been five deaths hi this town in this month, three of grown 
persons. Read Shakespeare. Visited. 

24. Very warm and faint weather. At noon attended a funeral. .Xt even- 
ing a conference. Trust I had divine assistance to perforin the duties of the 
dav, for in the morning I felt very unable. 

25. A society meeting was held here, warned for the purpose of giving me 
a call to settle in the ministry. I went into the meeting and desired the so- 
ciety not to take any vote upon the subject.' They however proceeded to 
vote and gave me a call to settle. I agreed to give them an answer ne.xt 
week. 

26. Had company most all day. Read Shakespeare. Showery. 

27. Wrote. The President has issued his proclamation to convene Con- 
gress on the 7th of October. Eat green corn." Afternoon crossed the river 
and tarried the night. 

28. Last night and this morning it rained very hard. Afternoon rode to 
the west part of the town and preached a lecture without notes from Psa. ,\vii : 
15. Tarried. 

29. Visited. Clear weather after lowery f^r a week. Many people liere 
appear very an.xious to have me stay with them. The vote was one hundred 
and twenty-eight against fifty-seven. Miss L. Cliaiupion here. 

30. The price for which Louisiana is purchased is said to be fifteen mill- 
ion dollars.' Read Shakespeare. \Vro:e- V^rv warm. 

31. Something troubled with stomach sickness and frequent spitting in 
speaking. At e\'ening a very full conference. 

August. 

1. Wrote and delivered to the society committee a negative answer to 
their call. Many people appear much disappointed and to feel very disagree- 
ably. Very hot. .^ very hard shower. 

2. Rode to New Haven. Find friends at college agreeable. Tarried 
with Mr. Bartletf* at college. Signed for Gen. Washingtoiis Life ;^ paid three 
dollars in advance. 

3. The heat A-ery oppressive and severe. Rode to Haddam. Attended a 
wedding in Durham. 

4. Rode out and visited a school. Sickness begins to prevail in the 



' This was the same course, it will be re- Bartlett, a native of Lebanon, who was grad- 

membered, which he adopted some years uated at Vale, 1800, and who studied theology 

before at Middleburj', Vt. under President Dwight. In the February 

- Almost every year Mr. Robbins notes following he was ordained and installed over 

the time when the corn was ready to be used the north parish in East Windsor, where he 

for green corn. filled out a fifty years' ministry. For nearly 

' The price paid for Louisiana was si.xty twenty years, 180S-1S27, Mr. Robbins was 

million francs, and it was agreed that five and the minister in the south parish of the same 

one third francs should count for a dollar. town, and the two were very intimately as- 

The price in dollars was between eleven and sociatcd. 

twelve millions. ^ Marshall's Z'A'i'/'fKw/^V/^'/uw, which came 

' This was without much doubt Shubael from the press in the following year, 1804. 



304 PIAKV OK RF.V. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1803. 

middle of the day at a Dutcli tavern. Saw Mr. Brown." a merchant, formerly 
minister at Gla.stonbury. 

28. This village. Shingle-Kill, belongs to the society of Acra,^ where Mr. 
E. J. Chapman.' formerly missionary to New Connecticut, now preaches. 
Rode to Acra, three miles, in tiie forenoon ; preached for Mr. Chapman from 
2 Tim : iv : 7, 8. .■\fternoon heard him. Returned to Shingle-Kill and 
preached from Zcch. ix : 12. Where I do not mention the mode, I shall 
preach without notes, as I have today. 

29. A\"arni and exceeding dusty. This part of the country suffering much 
with a drought. Rode to .\cra. Mr. Chapman rode with me to New Dur- 
ham. Mr. Townsend concluded to tarry till tomorrow. Esq. Selden and 
wife' here from Haddam. This a pleasant town. A meeting-house here and 
one at Acra. 

30. Wrote to my father. Weatlier much cooler. Rode on a good turnpike 
road. Crossed the Delaware bridge. Turned out a few miles to Jefferson. 
Tarried with Esq. Bayard. 

31. In the morning preached from Zech. i.x : 12. Rode to Harpersfield, 
and preached in a meeting-house from Gen. vi : 3. At evening attended a 
conference. Some thoughtfulness here. Mr. Marsh, of Ballston, preached in 
the aftemoon before me in the same exercise. In conference spoke against 
the practice of relating experiences, which they have practiced here. Mr. 
Fenn,' the minister here, gone to Connecticut. Tarried. Left home with 
cash S141.67. 

Srhtember. 

1. Rode to Meredith* and out to Delhi." Called on Eben Foote, Esq. 
Treated politely. In the evening preached in the court-house from 2 Tim. 
iv: 7, 8. In almost every settlement find some former acquaintance. 

2. Rode back to Meredith and on to Franklin.' Preached with notes 
principally at a funeral from i Cor. vii : 29, 31. A large concourse of people. 
A hard shower. Saw Rev. Mr. Harrower,' of Walton,'" near here. He as- 
s isted in t he e.xercise. Concluded to stay here till after the Sabbath. 

' Rev. William Hrown, a gr.iduate of V.ile, -= Probablv Stephen Fenn, a native of 

1789, licensed to preach by the New Haven W.atertown, Ct., a graduate of Yale, 1790. 

West Association, 1791, and pastor at Glas- " Meredith was in Delaware Countv, and 

tonbur\-, Ct., from May, 179.', to January, was a new town with an e.xcellent class of in- 

1797. when for some reason he left the .nin- habitants. In iSoo, its population numbered 

istrv- for secular pursuits. only two hundred and thirteen. 

' The town of Acra, in which Shingle-Kill ' Delhi, in the same countv, was organized 

■n.as embraced, was m Greene Countv, New in 179S. 

York. It was fourteen miles back from the « Franklin, in the same county, sixteen 

Hudson Ru-er in the Catskill Mountain region. miles west of Delhi, was settled in 1785. 

R"-- Ezek'cl .r. Chapman, gra<luated at 9 David Harrower, who labored as a min- 

Vale. ,790, bcensed by Tolland Association, ister and missionary in Eastern and Central 

Oct. 0, iSoi, and commissioned the same New York, received the degree of A.M. 

year bv Connecticut Missionary Society for from ^Villiams College in .S05, and died in 

service m New Connecticut. KS54, aged eightv-six. He w-as pastor at 

I w, I be remembered that thev were at Trenton, Oneida ■Cnmtv, for some years. 

N-rfolK. Ct., just before Mr. Robbins left - NValton was taken from Franklin in 



home. 



797- 



iSo3.: 



ox HIS MrSSIONARV JOURXF.V. 



205 



3. Had some clothes washed. Wrote in my diary. \Vall-;ed about and 
visited. Wrote to my father. 

4. The people here have a new meeting-house nearly finished and a very 
respectable congregation. Preached from Jude xi : i; Zech. ix : 12. At 
evening attended a conference. 

5. In the morning my horse was gone ; but through the kindness of a 
good Providence he was found in a neighboring pasture at some distance. 
Rode to Jericho.' Crossed the Susquehanna " at \\'attle's ferry by fording. 
Crossed the Unidillai^ near by in the same way. Rivers ^■ery low. From 
Catskill to Wattle's ferry there is a turnpike road nearly completed, ninety 
miles. Tarried with Rev. Mr. Chapin.'' 

6. Rode to Greene,' alias Jones settlement. Tarried at Capt. Parker's, 
formerly from Norfolk. Found Mr. Dickinson and Miss P. Jones from Nor- 
folk. Wrote to my brother James. Preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. Quite 
cool. 

7. Rode to Lisle.*" Tarried with Mr. Williston.' Bad road and quite 
unpleasant country. Very few inhabitants. Crossed the Chenango with con- 
siderable difficulty. Very cold for the season. 

8. Had an agreeable and instructive visit with Brown's settlement in the 
town of Tioga." This morning a hard frost. A very great drought through 
this country. At evening preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. A very cold night. 
Rode six miles without a house. 

9. Called on Mr. S. Farrand,' formerly from Canaan. Rode down the 
Owego Creek to Owego village. .At evening preached from Acts viii : 8. 
This place quite corrupt. 

10. I don't know as I have been in one settlement without finding some 
persons who know me or my father. Rode down the Susquehanna to Tioga 
Point '° in Pennsylvania. Will God be with me while I remain in a State in 
which I never was before. This village very pleasant. The frosts appear to 
have put a stop to vegetation. 

11. Preached from Jude xi atad Acts xxvi : 8. Quite warm. Yesterday 
my watch fell out of the bed and broke the crystal. Cannot get it replaced. 
Was requested to baptize a child by half-way covenant parents." After meet- 



' Jericho (not then a tomi), was eighteen 
miles west of Franklin. 

^ The Susquehanna divides Delaware 
County from Otsego County. 

^ A small river in Otsego County, empty- 
ing into the Susquehanna. 

* Rev. Joel Chapin, born at Ludlow, 
Mass., 1761, graduated at Dartmouth, 1791, 
died at Bainbridge, N. Y., Aug. 5, 1S45. 

' Greene was in the southwestern corner 
of Chenango County, and was formed by 
combining Union and Jericho. 

' Lisle was in Broome County. 

' Rev. Seth Williston, D. D., of whom 



we have several times written, was pastor 
here at Lisle, 1S03-1S10. 

' Tioga was in Tioga County. The town 
was formed in 1800, and is one hundred and 
seventy-si.\ miles from Albany. 

9 Probably a son of lie v. Daniel Farrand, 
the life-long minister of Canaan. 

'° Tioga Point appears to have been some 
local designation in the town of Litchfield, 
Bradford County, Penn. 

" He does not tell us whether he baptized 
the child or not. The half-way practice had 
been long in use in the New England churches, 
though it was now rapidly passing away. 



2o6 PIARV OF RICV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1803. 

in" crossed the Tioga," then llie Susquehanna, below the confluence to the 
f.ist side, nnci rode to New Siieshequin." In the evening preached from 
7.ech. ix : 12. Afterwards had a warm attack from Universalists. 

12. Disputed willi a I'niversahst tiie most of the forenoon. Very absurd 
and hardened. Crossed tiio river and rode out to Smithfield.^ Preached 
without any bool< from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. .Some thoughtfuhiess among the 
])Cople here. A ver\- new place. Quite warm. 

13. Rode to old Slieshequin alias Ulster.'' 7. Preached with notes from 
I'hil. ii : 12. 13. Saw two liinghams, formerly from Norfolk. 

i.|. Mostlv Connecticut people here. They have some an.xiety about 
holding their hinds. There is not a settled minister in this county, Luzerne,^ 
ver\- lar"-e. The drought such that the most of the mills in the country are 
still. Crossed and recrossed the river and rode to Claverack alias Sugar 
Creek. 6. Preached from 2 Tim. ii : 19. a clause. Tarried with Mr. Beards- 
ley, from Norfolk. 

Iv Had some clothes washed. Wrote in my diary. A church at Smith- 
field,' Congregational, and one here, Claverack, under the Morristown Pres- 
byter}-. Tlie Connecticut F.Taiii^dkal Magazine is taken in most all these 
settlements. Rode to Wypore Creek. Had appointed a lecture, but in con- 
sequence of a heavy rain, and not great notice, the people did not collect. The 
rain a great l)lessing. Crossed to the east side of the river. Good meadows 
on this river in some places. 

16. Rode to \^'yalusing," alias .Springfield. Tarried with Maj. Gaylord 
from Norfolk. Preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. Rode through a very narrow 
and hideous strait. The settlements on this river principally at the mouths 
of the creeks. This a pretty settlement. 

17. Rode to Black Walnut Bottom, alias Braintrem.* Tarried with Mr. 
Justus Gaylord from Norfolk. Preached from 2 Tim. iii : 9. A Presbyterian 
church here and one at Wyalusing. Visited a sick woman. 

18. Preached in a ham in the forenoon from Acts viii : 8. Administered 
the holy sacrament. Was much affected, Hope I found it a good and 
refreshing season. Afternoon preached from Zech. ix : 12. Quite cool. 
People ver)- attentive. 

19. My horse's back quite sore. Soine difficulties in this church. The 
sentiments of the Universalists prevail considerably in this part of the coun- 



' The Tioga \v,is .1 small sticim nmnnig County when he said this. But Luzerne 

through the Tioga valley, and emptying into County was to the southeast, and it does not 

the Susquehanna. appear that he had then been within its bor- 

' New Sheshequin was in Bradford County, ders, though he afterwards went there. 

Pcnn., on the cast bank of the .'Susquehanna. ' .Smithfield, where he was making this 

' Smithfield was in Bradford County, about passing stay, was more than thirty miles to 

nine miles west of New .Sheshequin. the northwest from Luzerne County. 

■• He now returns on his track. Old .She- ' Wyalusing is about twenty miles south- 

shequin or Ulster, was on the west side of the east from Smithfield, on the west bank of the 

Susquehanna. Me had pas.sed through the Susquehanna in Bradford County, 

place in going from New Sheshequin to « Braintrem is still farther to the south- 

^mithficld. east, and is in Wyoming County. He was 

■ It would seem that he was in Luzerne journeying in a southwest direction. 



1S03.] ON HIS MISSIONARY JOURNEY. 207 

trv. Preached in the evening to a pretty good number, very solemn, from 2 
Cor. iv: 3. On the ijtli rode over a very high hill, where I had a most grand, 
extensive, and happy prospect. 

20. Wrote. Rode to Tunkhannock ("reek." alias Putnam. Got consider- 
ably wet with rain. 

21. Rode up the Tunkhannock Creek." Preached from 2 Tim. ii : 19. 
There has been a considerable religious commotion in this quarter for some 
time past. Mostly Baptist, but I believe in many instances a good work.' 

22. Rode back to the mouth of the creek. Preached to twelve persons 
from Acts xvii : 31, last clause. People here very ignorant and stupid. 

23. Difficulty between husbands and wives in this country very frequent. 
Separations and remarrj-ings not uncommon. Rode to Wilkesbarre.* Since 
I came to this river I have traveled over a very hilly countr\'. Near the 
river the land is very poor, mountainous, and great forests of pine. A few 
miles back from the river is a passable, settleable' country. Immense quan- 
tities of lumber carried down this river. It is thought that on the Tunkhan- 
nock Creek there are now two million feet of boards ready for exportation. 
Last spring was no freshet and very few were carried. As I approached to 
Wilkesbarre I came into a more open and pleasant countr\\ This the hand- 
somest town I have seen since I left Catskill, settled more than thirty years. 
Crossed and recrossed the river, once in a boat, and every other time I have 
crossed was by fording. 

24. Crossed the river to Kingston by ferrv, and rode out five miles. Saw 
the ground of the great Indian battle,' July 3, 1778. Four hundred people 
w-ent out to the battle, and about three hundred were killed. Preached from 
Matt. XX : 14. Quite warm. Returned. 5-1-5 = 10. This neighborhood 
all formerly called Wyoming. People here mostly from Connecticut. 

25. Preached in the court-house to a respectable congregation. Forenoon 
from Acts xvii: 31. Last evening from Acts viii : 8. A respectable Congre- 
gational church here.' A large, good meeting-house, with a high steeple, 
erected here and enclosed. Oilite tired. 



' Tunkhannock in Wyoming County, is War. Mr. Robbins dates it July 3. Others 

still farther southeast on the east bank of the say July 4. A Tory wretch by the name of 

Susquehanna. John Butler, with a company of Indians and 

^ This creek is the Tunkhannock River, white men painted to appear like Indians, in- 

a small river, being called a creek in many vaded this valley, and overcame a small force 

parts of the country. under Col. Zebulon Butler sent out against 

^ Denominational courtesies and charities him, and then set fire to the dwellings and 

in those days are to be noted and cherislied. slaughtered men, women, and children indis- 

* Wilkesbarre was in Luzerne County, criminately. This was the foundation of 

Penn., on the east bank of the Susquehanna. Campbell's celebrated poem, " Gertrude of 

5 A word that Mr. Robbins seems to have Wyoming," which has been read by millions 

coined on the spot. on both continents. 

' Kingston was on the other side of the ' There is a Congregational church now 

river from Wilkesbarre, and the scene of the at Kingston, Penn., but the organization of 

slaughter was a few miles from Kingston up 1S03 probably passed to the Presbyterians, 

the beautiful valley of the Wyoming River. The present Congregational church there was 

This slaughter was during the Revolutionary organized in 1S68. 



;oS MAKV (il- RKV. THOMAS Rol;I;rXS, D.D. [1803. 

2i>. On llic jjtli !inishL'<l reading tlie liibiL',' wliich I began and 

bffj.m to rc.id the New TcstaiiieiU in course. A pretty hard rain. Dined 
with Mr. (Iriilin.-' a hiwver and aL(|iiaintaiice. Wrote. Towards evening rode 
10 H.in<i\er.' I'rcached from 2 Tim. iv : 7. 8. .Some poor, hardened infidels, 
and ni.uiv wron^ relijjionists here. 

2-. Rode to I'lyiiioiith.* alias Shawnee, across the ri\er. Preached to a 
l.irtje niinilier ol' people in the evening from 2 Tim. ii : 19. Several of the 
(XMple here strong Universalisls. Preached plainly, and I hope with soine 
power. 

2S. The finest season for journeying I ever knew. The weather perfectly 
la\f)r,il)le. Rode to Huntington' off from the river to the west. Stayed with 
Mr. 'I'ubhs. formerly from Norfolk.' Walked out and saw his sons, all settled. 
They r.iise great quantities of buckwheat all o\er this country. They fre- 
quently sow it after a cro,i of wheat. 

2f). In the forenoon preached from John i\- : 15, wholly extempore. 
Thought of the text after I began the exercise. Rode out and saw some 
acquaintance, then to another part of Huntington. Preached in the evening 
from 2 Cor. iv : 3. A nimiber of Universalists here. They have had two 
preachers of that class, but their characters appearing to be consistent with 
their principles. I think the people are getting of!" from the sentiment. In 
consequence of the peculiar situation of this people, was persuaded, contrary 
to niv plan, to be here on the ne.xt Sabbath. Tarried with Mr. Hoyt from 
Norfolk. 

30. Rode to Fishing Creek," Northumberland County. Pieached in the 
evening from Matt, .xviii : 3.. Quite cool. The man with whom I stayed 
yesterday harrowed twelve acres of ground, and eleven acres today twice 
over, with one pair of horses. 

<VT0I1I!K. 

1. Rode up Fishing Creek five miles, and preached from Matt, xxvii : 43. 
Rode back to Huntington. 17. Very little attention paid here to Saturday 
evening, and but little to the Sabbath. 

2. Quite full meeting'. Preached from Jude xi and from 2 Peter ii : 2. 
People pretty attentive, and some I think solemn. After meeting talked till 



' Hible here means Old Testament, and he younger iMother of the celebrated Edward 

lorgot to insert the date when he l>egan tlie Dorr Gritrin, D. D. 

. ,.' ^ Hanover, a few miles south on the east 

• (..corgc Gritnn, LL. IX, graduated at side of the Susquehanna River. 

,,•'';': ''lP'\ "'^ ."■■••-^ ""^ '■'"'" '"■ I'^'''"""'' ' I'lyn,outh, in Luzerne Countv, on the 

U. Onttin, born in W yoming. 1804, an emi- west bank of the 



river. 



ncnt seholar and writer, who died in New 5 H«„,i„g,„„, ;„ Luzerne County, about 

; n ''t '■ '^^°' '"" "S' "' '"■^"'>-^'^- ^ight miles west of the Susquehanna. 

: P '", '" *"! ^"^'-'^'■'"■^ D,^,o„a,y says: " Connecticut people seem to be pioneers 

Probably America cannot boast of .any in this par, of I>ennsvlv.ania as in New York. 

^o„ng man who, .a, so early a period, reached ^Fishing Creek' is now in Columbia 



<uch 



-coree'cnY!-' H 'r"."'"'' """ ^''"^"'-'""- ^"""'v, but Northumberland County adjoins, 

• tctr t ■ Tv' "u M """"■ "' "''^ '"°'^^'">' =" "'^" "-^ Columbil ciunt; 

'-.mnccticut, born at Last Haddam, and a did not exist. 



1803.] ox HIS MISSIONARY JOCRKEV. 2O0 

night with some ignorant, obstinate Universalists. At evening rode out and 
preached from Acts viii : 8 ; three miles. Very tired, but God gives me 
strength beyond what I could expect. 

3. Rode to Fishing Creek. This is training day in this State. The 
miHtia very far in the rear of the militia in New England. The militia law in 
this State excuses no person except postmasters and ferrymen. At evening 
preached to a good number from 2 Tim. iv : 7. 8. At night a considerable 
rain, very refreshing to the ground suffering with drought. 

4. Rode on in Northumberland County, down Fishing Creek to the river, 
crossed the river to Catawissa.' This a pleasant little town, regularly laid out, 
at the mouth of Catawissa Creek. The people mostly Germans and Quakers. 
At evening the people collected, and I preached from Acts xvii : 31, last 
clause. 

5. I have now finished my mission in this part of the country'. Crossed 
the river after receiving some very sincere good wishes from several Quakers, 
and rode down on the west side to Northumberland. Called on Dr. Priestly.' 
Treated politely. His library and laborator)' quite a curiosity. Dined, etc. 
Crossed the river, rode through Sunbury, and several miles below. Tarried 
at a tavern. From the time I left home till I finished my mission^ was forty- 
one days. I preached thirty-nine times, attended two conferences, and admin- 
istered the sacrament of the Lord's Supper once. In the time I rode four 
hundred and seventy-one miles. My expenses did not exceed three dollars. 
I met with the utmost kindness wherever I went. I never enjoyed better 
health, and the weather, excepting two or three hot days, was as favorable as 
could be wished for. I am not without hopes that I have been made a means 
of some little good. 

6. Rode to Paxton.* Crossed a verj' high mountain. The river in many 
places very rocky and rough. The annual election in this State is to be next 
week. Candidates for office all engaged electioneering, carried on in a ver\' 
gross manner.* Almost all the fruit in this country cut off by the frosts the 
8th and 9th of May, which were hard and very e.xtensive. 

7. Rode to Harrisburgh,^ a flourishing trading town, crossed the river, a 



' Catawissa is also in the present Colum- ^ From the expression here used, it is evi- 

bia County, near its western boundary, and dent that he had a special commission from 

on the easterly (or, more probably here), the Connecticut Missionary Society to do this 

southerly side. work in Pennsylvania, on his way to his chief 

-Joseph Priestly, D. D., born at Field- work on the Connecticut Reserve. It was for 

head, Yorshire, Eng., March 24, 1733, a phi- this in part, and in part because of sickness, 

losopher and voluminous writer. After a wide that he was kept so long in Pennsylvania, 

range of e-xperiences he was settled in Bir- ■* Pa.xton was in the e.xtreme southwest 

mingham. Here he was mobbed and his corner of Northumberland County, 

bouse burned because of his sympathy with ' Political corruptions not confined to 

the French Revolutionists. This was in 1 791. modern times. 

In 1794, he came to this country and settled * He is following down the Susquehanna 

in this town of Northumberland. Here he River. Ilarrisburg is about twenty-seven miles 

died soon after this visit of Mr. Rcbbins, from Pa.xton, in Dauphin County on the east 

Feb. 6, 1S04. side of the river. 



2,o niAUV i>r RKV. tikimas roiuiins, d.d. [1803. 

mile wide, and rnclc to Carlisle.' Concluded to tariy till next week, my horse 
beinK pretty tired. From Harrislnir^h to Carlisle eighteen miles, the finest 
farming; conntrv I ever saw. The mountainous countr}^ ceases a little above 
Harrisl)urj;h. Last weeU and this people have generally done their sowing. The 
crop> this year generally light in conseciuence of late frosts in the spring, the 
"•real drought, and a hard frost the 8th and 9th of September. After crossing 
the ri\er at Ilarrisburgh I was in tiie county of Cumberland. Where I have 
come ill tills State the people generally live in houses of squared logs, some in 
houses of stone. I have crossed the Susquehanna fifteen times, twelve of 
which by fording. 

8. This an old and for an inland quite a populous town. The houses 
mostlv of .stone. 'I'he college" here has existed about twenty years. Very 
small endowments. .\ building has been lately burnt ; they are now erecting 
a new one, one hundred and fiftv feet by fifty-five, four stories, of stone. 
Wrote to m\ parents. Called on Rev. Dr. Davidson. 

(). .Afternoon preached to a large audience from Zech. ix : 12 for Dr. 
Xisliet,' the president of the college. Tarried with Dr. Davidson.'' 

10. The missionary business is a matter of novelty here. Wrote to Dr. 
West. Stockbridge, and to Dr. Strong. Hartford. Walked out and saw the 
barracks in this town erected in 1777. They are of brick, two stories, twenty- 
two feet wide. Two of the buildings are ninety yards in length, one eighty, 
and two seventy. They catch shad in the Juniata River, one hundred and 
fifty miles from its month. 

11. Set out on my journey to cross the mountains. Rode through Ship- 
ix^nburgh' to Strasburgh,'* at the foot of the first mountains, Franklin County. 
This day is the annual election in this State. A confused scene. Saw their 
mode of procedure in several places. From Harrisburgh here a beautiful 
country. Bill in the morning 4.50. 

12. Crossed the first three mountains, ten miles. Rode to foot of Sideling 
hill, Bedford County.' 1 think those three mountains the hardest I ever 
passed. 

13. Crossed Sideling hill, seven miles, rode through Bedford to Shells. 
Last night a pretty hard rain, \ery favorable, as the country universally sufters 
much with the drought. So great never known here. A great number of 
wagons with the finest teams of horses constantly on the road from Philadel- 
phia to Pittsburgh. 

' Cirlisle is near the center of Cumber- * Rev. Robert Davidson, D. D., had been 

land County, west from Ilarrisbiirg about a professor in the college almo.st, if not quite, 

eighteen miles. from the first, .and on the death of Dr. Nis- 

• Dickinson College, located in Carlisle, bet was made president, 

'r'^^.v ' Shippenburg is in the southwest corner 

•" Rev. Charles Xisbet, D. D., a native of of Cumberland County. 
Sc.'iland, was made president of Dickinson '' Strasburg is in Franklin County, near 
College at its foundation, but did not enter the western line of the county. 
u|>..n ihc duties of his oltice till 17S5. He ' He is now journeying through the south- 
died soon after this visit of Mr. Robbins, ern tier of counties in Pennsylvania bordering 
Jan. 17, iSo.), aijed si.\ty-si.\. on Virginia. 



1803.] ON HIS MISSIOXARY JOURXEV. 211 

14. Crossed the Alle(;haiiy Mountain, the highest in the United States. 
The ascent on the east side is perhaps four miles. On the west very gradual 
and distant. Rode through Stystovvn, Somerset County. Crossed the Laurel 
Hill, sL\ miles to East Liberty, Fisher's, Westmoreland County.' 

15. Last night a hard rain. The only time that T have been hindered any 
by rain since I left home. Crossed the Chestnut Ridge. Rode to Greens- 
burgh, the shire town of Westmoreland County. I have now done with the 
mountains. The Laurel Hill on the west side is the worst of all ; ne.xt to that 
are the three mountains near Strasburgh. Heard about cousin Isaac Rob- 
bins," a Methodist preacher in this country. 

16. In the forenoon went to meeting as a stranger. Heard Mr. Spear,^ 
who preaches here and at a neighboring congregation. A ver\' respectable 
congregation met in the court-house. Afternoon preached from Zech. ix : 12. 
After which rode to Unity with Mr. Spear. Mr. Spear a very worthy man. 

17. Quite cold. Concluded not to proceed immediately on my journey as 
I had intended, but to go a little out and attend a Presbytery and a sacra- 
mental occasion next Sabbath. I conclude it will not be inconsistent with the 
design of my mission. Afternoon set out with Mr. Spear to go to the Presby- 
tery. Rode eight miles. 

18. A very great and extraordinary religious work in this part of the 
country. Rode to the forks of the Yohogany.'' Met with the Presbyter)- ; 
about ten ininisters. They appear very well. Treated kindly. 

19. Most of the ministers and serious people in this part of the country, 
and of all classes, are Democrats.' The Presbytery licensed two candidates. 
I was requested to sit with the Presbytery. There is scarcely a Presbyterian 
congregation in Westmoreland or Washington Counties where the work of 
religion does not appear.^ At evening preached from 2 Tim. ii : 19. Three 
persons were struck down.' .\ most extraordinary sight such as I never saw 
or conceived. 

20. This day is observed by the people here as a Fast, preparatory to the 
sacrament. Mr. Guthrie,'' a candidate, preached in the forenoon ; I preached 
in the afternoon from .\cts viii : 8. In the time of the exercises and soon 



' He is passing now somewliat more to Presbytery occurred. Tlrere is a town Yohog- 

the nortli. Fayette County lies between any, and the meeting seems to have been at or 

Westmoreland County and the Virginia line. near the Yohogany Forks, about thirty miles 

- It will be remembered that this Isaac west of Grcensburgh. 

Robbins made a visit at the Norfolk parson- ' .\ somewhat strange and stubborn fact 

age years before. He was a son of Dr. to encounter by a thorough-going Federalist 

Chandler Robbins, of Plymouth, Mass., born from Connecticut. 

June 19, 1770, but did not have a college *■ Some special religious interest, 

education. ' This was a common occurrence among 

^ Rev. William Spear, a graduate of Dirk- the early Methodists of this country in times 

inson College, 178S. of religious excitement, but seems also to 

* We are yet within the bounds of West- have prevailed among these earlier Presby- 

moreland County, Penn., but close on the bor- terian churches in western Pennsylvania, 

der of Alleghany County. Mr. Robbins does ' Rev. James Guthrie, a graduate of Dick- 

not name the town where this meeting of the inson College, 179S. 



Jia rilARV Ot- RKV. THOMAS ROHlilNS. D.P. [l803- 

after, about ten or twclvt; persons fell, mostly young women. Some make a 
vcr,- great noise. The scene is not to be described. .\t evening attended a 
conference, three persons fell, others far more lightly affected. 

2 1. 'I'he Presbyter)- finished their business last evening. The people here 
make considerable preparations for company at the sacrament. 

22. .\bout noon' the people met to begin the public e.\ercises. There are 
four ministers and sever.d canrlidates. Mr. Swan " preached, after which Mr. 
Porter ' gave an exhortation, 'I'he ministers here in all their e.xercises are 
vcrj- long. The assembly was quite large. Perhaps twenty or twenty-five 
were stRick. I prayed with some under very great affections. The degrees 
of impression are \cn' various. At evening Mr. Woods preached. Part of 
the time the noise is such that a speaker cannot be heard. 

2j. Public worship was held in a grove.* I imagine there were near three 
thousand people. .Mr. Clreen" preached in the forenoon. After which the 
s.icrament was administered. The communicants were about three hundred. 
There were live setts at the tallies. Mr. Porter' served the tables and admin- 
istered to the tirst, .Mr. Swan " to the second, Mr. Woods ° to the third, Mr. 
Spear' to the fourth, I did at the fifth. The sacramental exercises were about 
throe hours. It was an ex.-eedingly solemn and affecting occasion. Many 
persons fell at the tables and were supported. I was very much affected. Mr. 
Porter preached towards night. In the course of the day perhaps forty or fifty 
|x-rsons fell. There was more or less noise the whole time. In the evening 
there was what they term a society, held in the meeting-house. E.xercises of 
alternate singing and praying. I delivered an extempore address from Luke 
XV ; 17. The peojjle were dismissed after ten o'clock, and the most of the 
ministers and some others retired. But the most of the people continued in 
the exercises of worship till after one, and some till three or four o'clock in 
the morning. People are collected from all the neighboring places and some 
from tifteen, twenty, or thirty miles. All treated with perfect hospitality. In 
the evening the religious exercises were very powerful, and in some instances 
ihe noise greater than I ever heard from human voices. 

24. The people met for worship at the grove about eleven o'clock. The 
number almost equal to what it was yesterday. I preached from Jer. viii : 20. 
Many fell. Some of the time the people very much affected. After I had 



■ This «-as S.Munby. The meeting began ord as throwing a cle.ir light over times and 

the r..es<lay Lwforc. customs past and forgotten. The usefulness 

- Rev. W ilham ,Sxvan. graduate of Jelfer- of such exercises depends upon circumstances. 

»on College. hav„,g charge of Presbyterian ^ r,,. ^\,,,,,^., y^^^^_ ^ ^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ 

churches at Long Run .and Sewivkley. Second Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia. 

Rev, Samuel Porter, p.iMor of Presby- ' Rev. .Samuel Porter. 

Icnan church at Congruity. IVnn. ? Rev. William Swan 

' The details of this tneeting Mr. Kobhins ^ r,,._ ^viHiam Woods, pastor of Presby- 

h,i.. g.vcn at length. In its gener.al plan and terian churches at Slippery Rock and Lower 

c--^nccption It was not unlike an old-fashioned Xeshannock 

Mcth...i>t cam,.mee.ing In some respects , Rev. w'illi.am Spear, pastor of churches 

u W.VS ,,uuc d.iTcrent. It is a valuable rcc- at Unity and Grecnsburgh. 



1803.] ON HIS MISSIOXARV JlK'RXF.V. 213 

preached, the people not appearing willing to disiserse, Mr. Woods preached 
and tlie people were dismissed towards night. The ground was not wholly 
ii.ft till sunset. There appeared clear evidences of the divine presence and 
power through the whole exercises of the occasion. Very tired, having slept 
and eat little and irregularly for some days. Weather quite warm and pleas- 
ant for the season. 

25. The religious exercises of the people here consist much in singing 
hymns. Find the people very friendly. Afternoon set out on my journey for 
New Connecticut. Rode to a Mr. Perry's on the Monongahela, Alleghany 
County. Kindly entertained. The rivers in this country lower than ever was 
known. 

26. Last night about twelve o'clock was taken with a hard diarrluta." It 
still continues attended with considerable fever. My strength very much 
reduced. 

27. My disorder in some degree abated. Had considerable [lain and 
fever. 

28. Am worse than yesterday. I fear I shall be confined for some time. 
Have the kindest attention from Mr. Perry and his fainil)-. 

29. Walked out. Crossed the Monongahela and returned. The banks of 
the river opposite to where I stay was the headquarters of Gen. Morgan ° and 
his army at the time of the insurrection in this country.^ Got wonied by 
going out, and took some cold. At night my disorder came on with greater 
violence than ever. 

30. Very weak and sick. In the morning sent for a physician. Scarcely 
able to sit up through the day. 

31. Through God's mercy am better than yesterday, though \ery weak. I 
believe bilious disorders are my principal difficultv. Kept my chamber. I 
could not have been taken better care of had I been at home. Blessed be 
God for all his goodness. 



1. Some people in this part of the country have monthly seasons for 
praver. There are a great variety of religious denominations, but I believe 
the Presbyterians are the most numerrais. 

2. Hope I am getting better. Think considerably about home. Some 
of the time pretty gloomy. I'^riends called to .see me. 

3. Had a poor turn, and bad return of my disorder. Fear I am too 
an.xious about pursuing my journey. Endeavored to commit my whole cause 
to God, and to yield wholly to his disposal. 

4. Feel considerably gloomy, but am better than yesterday. 



'A week like that which he had just 1737, but emigrated to Virginia. He died in 

pas.sed through might naturally prepare him 1S02. 
for such an attack. ' The Whiskey Insurrection in 1794- To 

' Daniel Morgan, Brigadier General, a supijrcss it Wasliiiigton was obliged to call 

Revolutionary officer, born in New Jersey, out the lroo;>s. 



2,4 DIARV OF RKV. TlKlMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1803 

5. All the rivers in lliis cvUiiUry are lower tlian was remembered ever to 
have been. Yesterday rode oul a mile and heard a Methodist preach. His 
(lortrines quite corrupt and he wholly unable to defend them. Today rode 
out two miles. Pretty tired, but hope it was of service to me. Gave notice 
th.it I would try to preach toniorroiv at the house where I keep. 

r.. A pretty large number of people collected. I was unable to stand to 
preach, but sat in an armed-chair on a table and preached from Zech. ix : 12. 
A number of persons fell. Quite tired, bm I believe my preaching has done 
me no injury. 

7. Wrote some for the tlrst time in my sickness. (,)uite cool. It snowed 
some. 

S. Mad an ill turn, with something; of my disorder. May the Lord take 
care of me. 

9. The treaty is published and ratified by which Louisiana is ceded to 
this countr)-. I beheve it to be unconstitutional, for I believe the Constitution 
was made for the United States and no other.' Very cold. 

10. Think I get better, but it is but slowly. Rode out a little distance. 

11. In the morning the Monongahela was frorjen over. Rode to the upper 
congregation.' in the forks of the Yohogany. where I was at the sacrament on 
the jjd ult., nine miles. Blessed be God that I am at length able to ride. 

I J. Rode to Col. Cook's. Mr. Porter came here to preach tomorrow, this 
congregation being vacant. With several young people had one of the most 
serious and solemn evenings I ever witnessed. I was ver)' much affected. 

13. Something wet. Pretty feeble. Made oul to ride to meeting, and 
heard Mr. Porter preach. 

14. Took some cold yesterday. Treated with great kindness wherever I 
go. It is thought that one half of the people in this State over thirty years of 
age are natives of Europe. 

15. Quite poor. .Afternoon preached in the meeting-house with notes. 
People liere much unused to ministers using notes. None fell ; some consider- 
ably alTected. 

16. Tarried last night with Dr. Smith from Connecticut, who was my phy- 
sician in my sickness. Rode to Col. Perry's where I was sick. Quite cold. 
Hope I am better than yesterday. 

17. Yesterday received four dollars and ten cents from Col. Power, of the 
upper congregation, for my preaching among them. Rode out. Tarried with 
Mr. Shields. 

18. Rode to the upper congregation. Visited. At evening preached at 



' Thai was an idea of the Federalists at of our government. It added to our national 

ihc time, as they were not prepared to find territory those vast regions of the West and 

anything good in the acts of President Jctfer- Northwest, without which we should now 

s.Mi. A nephew of the writer of this di.iry, seem crippled and poor. This populous ter- 

n..« well advanced in life, and never a i:)cm- ritory has vast spaces yet to be filled. 

• •■-rat. .-avs. in this year 1884, that he consid- = There seem to have been two congrega- 

er- the purchase of Louisiana the most states- lions, called the upper and the lower, at the 

man'.ikc .ict t^j lie found in the whole historv Vohoganv Forks. 



1803.J ON HIS MISSrOXARV JofRNEV. 2 15 

Col. Power's from 2 Tim. iv: 7.8. A considerable number fell. It snowe'-| 
some. The people in these congregations appear to be desirous that I uouki 
stay with ihem. 

19. Visited. Rode to the lower congregation. Am still weak. 

20. Preached in the meeting-house from 2 Cor. iv: 3. Several fcil. some 
made a great noise. After meeting rode to Mr. Perr\-'s. 

21. I think I am i;i such measure restored that I may proceed on my 
journey. I have been detained here nearly four weeks. Received four 
dollars from this congregation for preaching. Col. Perrv' made me no charge. 
Left his house, crossed the Monongahela, rode down and recrossed to Pitts- 
burgh.' This town appears to be a place of business, pleasantly situated, but 
pretty dirty, and the houses very black with the smoke of the coal which they 
use almost entirely for fuel. Some good brick buildings. Traded and ])aid a 
tailor S17.70. 

22. Called on Baldwin,^ an attorney, a former acquaintance. Crossed the 
Monongahela, rode down the Ohio on the west side to Scot's, Beaver County. 
20. 1.41. 

23. Quite cold but pleasant. Rode ten miles and crossed the Ohio ^ to 
Mcintosh. Took the road to New Connecticut ; rode to Beers.'' P'rom Pitts- 
burgh to Mcintosh, alias Beaver,' the shire town of Beaver County, the river 
runs considerably north of northwest. The distance is thirty miles. 

24. The man who kept me would take nothing. Rode three miles, came 
into the State of Ohio, Columbiana County.' Rode on to Poland, Tnmibull 
County,' alias New Connecticut. 14. From Mcintosh here thirt\--one miles ; 
the course is I believe but a little west of north. The road pretty good. 
This day is Thanksgiving in Connecticut. Through the kind care of a 
merciful and holy Providence I have been preserved on my long journey, and 
now brought to the end of it. I have been three months on the road,^ have 



' This was in Alleghany Count)'. He first -Beaver, the shire town of Beaver, is 
crossed from the east to the west side of the about at the central point of the county. 
Monongahela, rode domi the river, and then ' At last he is in the State of Ohio, 
recrossed the Monongahela, and went to though not yet on the Connecticut Re- 
Pittsburgh, a few miles east of the river. serve. 

Pittsburgh, now a city of more than 1 50,000 ' Originally there were eight counties on 

inhabitants, in 1803 had a population of about the Connecticut Reserve. These were .\sh- 

2,000. tabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Huron, Lor.une, 

- Henry Baldwin, a native of New Haven, Medina, Portage, and Trumbull. By subse- 

Ct., son of a farmer, graduate of Vale, 1797, quent divisions four more coun'ics have been 

classmate of George Griffin, mentioned in made almost entirely out of this same tcr- 

previous note, whom he found at Wilkes- ritory. The additional counties are Mahon- 

barre, Penn , classmate also of President Jere- ing, Lake, Summit, and Erie. Poland, where 

miah Day, D. D., Lyman Eeecher, D. D., he stopped in Trumbull Ccunty. is now in 

and other notable men. Mr. Baldwin was Mahoning. 

member of Congress from Pennsylvania, and " He left home the 26lh of .August, and it 

for many years Associate Judge of the Su- was now the 2.1th of November. He passed 

preme Court of the United States. the S:ate line between New Vork and Penn- 

' After the Alleghany and Monongahela sylvania on the loth of September, so that 

mingle their waters the river is the Ohio. by the detentions of labor and those of ill- 

■* Beers seems not to have been the name ness, he w.is on the IVnnsylvania soil about 

of a town. two and a half months. 



2|6 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROnniNS, D.D. [1803. 

met with ^rcU kindness from people, and li.ive been under the unuiterrupted 
care .ind protection of a holy God. Rode on my journey eight hundred and 
thirt\-fiiiir miles. 

2^ (^uite unwell. Had something of my late disorder. Believe I was too 
much worried hy my journey. Treated with kindness. 

36. Quite weak. Visited sexeral families. Quite cold. 

27. Rcfore preaching read my papers from the Missionary Society and my 
father's charge. Preached from .\cts viii : 8 and Zech. ix : 12. A very good 
number of |x.-ople and quite attentive. Mostly Pennsylvanians. At evening 
Mr. Badger.' the other missionary in this county, came to see me. 

:S. Think I am getting better. Rode through Boardman to Canfield." 

2f). Kept at Mr. \Vadsworth"s from Litchfield, Ct.. with Mr. Badger. Be- 
gan a letter to my parents. Visited some families. This town considerably 
settled, .\bout sixty families. 

30. Wrote on niv letter. People here have been expecting me for a con- 
siderable time. There appears to be much need of missionary labors. 
Considerable awakening at .Vustinburgh ' and other parts of the county. 
Blessed be the Author of all good. .\t night considerable rain. 



1. Visited. Rode to Pjoardman* and preached a lecture from Luke xv : 
17. Rainy and cold. Roads pretty bad. 

2. It snowed some. Quite cold. Rode to Poland' and back to Can- 
field. Conclude to spend a few weeks in this part of the county. Visited. 

3. Finished my long letter to my parents. Gave a particular account of 
the work of crace in Pennsvlvania. 



' Rev. Joseph Badger was born in what under date of Oct. 23, 1884, as follows: 

is now Wilbrahain. Mass., Feb. :S, 1757. In " Canfield has its name from Hon. Judson 

early life his father removed to I'eru, in Canfield, who was born in New Milford, Ct., 

Herkshirc County. .At the l>reaking out of Jan. 23, 1759, graduated at Yale in 1782, ad- 

thc Revolutionary War, he enlisted as a sol- mitted to the bar and settled in Sharon, Ct., 

dier and .served several years in the anny. in 17S6. State .Senator from i8o8 to 1815. 

.\ftcrwarrls being at service in New I'reston, Died Feb 5, 1S40." 
Ct., he studied with Rev. Jeremiah Uav, and 

recited with his boys Jeremiah and Thomas, "°^^ township records." 
the former of whom w.as afterwards for many '• .\pril, 179S. Voted, that township No. 
years President of Vale College, and the i in 3d range should be called Campfield. 
latter Secretary of State in Connecticut. ".April 15, 1S80. Voted that the above 
Padgcr entered Vale College and was gradu- township should be called Canfield." 
atcd in 1785- He was settled 17S6-7, at Ply. 3 .Austinburgh or Austintown, as it is now 
mouth, Ct., and 1787-1S00, at Blandford. called, is the township next north of Can- 
M.1SS. In the latter year he entered upon his field, and is within the present Mahoning 
work .05 home missionary, commissioned by (then Trumbull) County. It received its 
the Connecticut Missionary Society, and be- name from Eliphalet Austin, a native of Tor- 
came a veteran in the service. He died in ringford, Ct., who removed first to New 
rihio in iS4r,, at the age of eighty-nine. Hartford, Ct., thence to New H.artford, N. Y., 

= Hoardman and Canfield are in the pres- and ihence to New Connecticut in 1799. 

crt Mahoning County. . Boardman joins Canfield on the east. 

Kcv. Jnhn P. Whitman, pastor of the s Poland ne.\t town east from Canfield. 

Congregational church in Canfield, writes PoKand touches the Pennsvlvania line. 



1803.] MISSIONARY rX NEW COXXECTICfT. 2 I •' 

4. Quite a respectable congregation. Mostly Connecticut people. 
Preached from 2 Tim. ii : ig. a clause, and from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. The people 
appear pretty stupid. 

5. Read the Bible. Rode out. Saw a log-house put up. Quite warm 
for the season. Discoursed considerably on Christian doctrines. 

6. Read newspapers. The conduct of Congress in most things quite 
contemptible. Read. Wrote. Began a letter to Dr. Strong, of Hartford. 

7. Wrote. Afternoon preached a lecture from John iv: 15. People 
here appear but little disposed to attend lectures. 

8. Visited several families ; a sick woman apparently in a consumption. 
Quite rainy. The \-oung people in this town had a smart dance. 

9. Roads pretty muddy. Wrote. Some people here appear disposed to 
cavil with Christian doctrines. 

10. Had some clothes made. Rode to Boardman. Finished my letter to 
Mr. Strong, in which I gave an account of the revival of religion in Penn- 
sylvania. 

11. Preached from Jude xi and Heb. xi : 30. Quite rainy. The most of 
the people in this town are Pennsylvanians. At evening read a Hartford 
newspaper." 

12. Visited some families. Rode to Canfield. Bad riding. The land 
here generally very muddy in a wet season. 

13. Worked on some articles of convenience for myself. It snowed and 
rained considerably. For a week past there has been a great deal of rain. 
The mills which were generally dry begin to do business. Towards night 
rode out. 

14. Visited nine families. There is a prospect of an open winter. Many 
people here hold bad principles in religion, and some are much inclined to 
infidelity. 

15. Read. Visited. Rode to Poland. Cold. Very bad riding. Penn- 
sylvania people very kind." 

16. Visited families. Visited and catechised' a school of seventeen 
scholars. They appear in a pretty good way. It snowed some. Read. 

17. Rode to the north part of the town. Mostly Pennsylvania people 
living generally on their land without regard to roads. Preached a lecture 
from I Cor. ii : 4, 5. Quite cold. 

18. Preached from Gen. vi : 3 and Luke x.xiii : 39, 43. A pretty large 
meeting. Trying to propose a plan for society regulations in this town.' 



' The Connecticut Cmtrant without much then commonly taaght in the district schools 

doubt. of Connecticut, and the Connecticut people 

= Some of these Pennsylvania people may would be likely to take this custom along 

have been Connecticut people by a second with them to Ohio. Or he may mean that 

remove. It will be remembered that Mr. he only asked questions aboitt their school 

Robbins found Connecticut people all the studies. We know by later entries that the 

way along through Pennsylvania. Assembly's Catechism was in honor in Ohio. 

' He may mean that he examined them * The town where He is now making his 

on the Assembly's Catechism, which was home is Canfield. 



2l6 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1S03. 

met with great kindness from people, and have been under the uninterrupted 
care and protection of a lioly God. Rode on m\- journey eight hundred and 
thirty-four miles. 

25. Quite unwell. Had something of my late disorder. Believe I was too 
much worried by my journey. Treated with kindness. 

26. Quite weak. Visited several families. Quite cold. 

27. Before preaching read my papers from the Missionary Society and my 
father's charge. Preached from Acts viii : 8 and Zech. i.x : 12. A very good 
number of people and quite attentive. Mostly Pennsylvanians. At evening 
Mr. Badger," the other missionar}* in this county, came to see me. 

28. Think I am getting better. Rode through Boardman to Canfield." 

29. Kept at Mr. Wadsworth's from Litchfield, Ct., with Mr. Badger. Be- 
gan a letter to my parents. Visited some families. This town considerably 
settled. About sixty families. 

30. Wrote on my letter. People here have been expecting me for a con- 
siderable time. There appears to be much need of missionary labors. 
Considerable awakening at Austinburgh^ and other parts of the county. 
Blessed be the Author of all good. At night considerable rain. 

December. 

1. Visited. Rode to Boardman' and preached a lecture from Luke xv : 
17. Rainy and cold. Roads pretty bad. 

2. It snowed some. Quite cold. Rode to Poland' and back to Can- 
field. Conclude to spend a few weeks in this part of the county. Visited. 

3. Finished my long letter to my parents. Gave a particular account of 
the work of grace in Pennsvlvania. 



OLD TOWNSHIP RECORDS. 



' Rev. Joseph Badger was born in what under date of Oct. 23, 18S4, as follows: 
is now Wilbraham, Mass., Feb. 28, 1757. In " Canfield has its name from Hon. Judson 
early life his father removed to Peru, in Canfield, who was born in Xew Milford, Ct., 
Berkshire County. At the breaking out of Jan. 23, 1759, graduated at Yale in 1782, ad- 
the Revolutionary War, he enlisted as a sol- mitted to the bar and settled in Sharon, Ct., 
dier and served several years in the army. in 17S6. .State Senator from i8a8 to 1815. 
Afterwards being at service in New I'reston, Died Feb 5, 1840." 
Ct., he studied with Rev. Jeremiah Day, and 
recited with his boys Jeremiah and Thomas, 
the former of whom was afterwards for many " .\\n\\, 179S. Voted, that township No. 
years President of Yale College, and the i in 3'1 range should be called Campfield. 
latter Secretary of State in Connecticut. ".April 15, 1S80. Voted that the above 
Badger entered Yale College and w.is gradu- township should be called Canfield." 
ated in 1785. He was settled 17S6-7, at Ply- ' .Austinburgh or Austintown, as it is now 
mouth, Ct., and 1787-1800, at Blandford, called, is the township next north of Can- 
Mass. In the latter year he entered upon his field, and is within the present Mahoning 
work as home missionary, commissioned by (then Trumbull) County. It received its 
the Connecticut Missionary Society, and be- name from Eliphalet Austin, a native of Tor- 
came a veteran in the service. He died in ringford, Ct., who removed first to New 
Ohio in 1S46, at the age of eighty-nine. Hartford, Ct., thence to Ne<v Hartford, N. Y., 

' Boardinan and Canfield are in the pres- and thence to New Connecticut in 1799. 

ent Mahoning County. ' Boardman joins Canfield on the east. 

Rev. John S. Whitman, pastor of the ' Puland ne.vt town east from Canfield. 

Congregational church in Canfield, writes Poland touches the Pennsylvania line. 



1803.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 217 

4. Quite a respectable congregation. Mostly Connecticut people. 
Preached from 2 Tim. ii : 19. a clause, and from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. The people 
appear pretty stupid. 

5. Read the Bible. Rode out. Saw a log-house put up. Quite warm 
for the season. Discoursed considerably on Christian doctrines. 

6. Read newspapers. The conduct of Congress in most things quite 
contemptible. Read. Wrote. Began a letter to Dr. Strong, of Hartford. 

7. Wrote. Afternoon preached a lecture from John iv: 15. People 
here appear but little disposed to attend lectures. 

8. Visited several families ; a sick woman apparently in a consumption. 
Quite rainy. The voung people in this town had a smart dance. 

9. Roads prettv muddy. Wrote. Some people here appear disposed to 
cavil with Christian doctrines. 

10. Had some clothes made. Rode to Boardman. Finished my letter to 
Mr. Strong, in which I gave an account of the revival of religion in Penn- 
sylvania. 

11. Preached from Jude xi and Heb. .\i : 30. Quite rainy. The most of 
the people in this town are Pennsylvanians. At evening read a Hartford 
newspaper.' 

12. Visited some families. Rode to Canfield. Bad riding. The land 
here generally ver}' muddy in a wet season. 

13. Worked on some articles of convenience for myself. It snowed and 
rained considerably. For a week past there has been a great deal of rain. 
The mills which were generally dr\- begin to do business. Towards night 
rode out. 

14. Visited nine families. There is a prospect of an open winter. Many 
people here hold bad principles in religion, and some are much inclined to 
infidelit}-. 

15. Read. Visited. Rode to Poland. Cold. Ver\- bad riding. Penn- 
sylvania people ver}- kind." 

16. Visited families. Visited and catechised^ a school of seventeen 
scholars. They appear in a pretty good way. It snowed some. Read. 

17. Rode to the north part of the town. Mostly Pennsylvania people 
living generally on their land without regard to roads. Preached a lecture 
from I Cor. ii : 4, 5. Quite cold. 

18. Preached from Gen. vi : 3 and Luke .\xiii : 39, 43. A pretty large 
meeting. Trying to propose a plan for society regulations in this town.* 



' The Connecticut Courant without much then commonly tanght in the district schools 

doubt. of Connecticut, and. the Connecticut people 

- Some of these Pennsylvania people may would be likely to take this custom along 

have been Connecticut people by a second with them to Ohio. Or he may mean that 

remove. It will be remembered that Mr. he only asked questions about their school 

Robbins fovmd Connecticut people all the studies. We know by later entries that the 

way along through Pennsylvania. Assembly's Catechism was in honor in Ohio. 

^ He may mean that he examined them * The town where he is now making his 

on the Assembly's Catechism, which was home is Canfdd^ 



2l8 DIARY OK RliV. THOMAS ROBniNS, D.D. [1803. 

ig. Set out to go to Warren.' Rode to Yoiingstown," then missed my road 
and rode into tiie woods seven or eight miles. I then turned about and came 
back four or five miles and turned otf and found a liouse. 

20. Rode to Warren from I'oland, twenty miles. Verj' kindly received. 
Received an excellent letter from my father. The coldest weather we have 
had this season. 

21. The ground ver)' hard frozen. Wrote. Visited. At evening preached 
from Heb. -xi : 30. A good number of hearers. People appear to have been 
expecting me for a considerable time. Received a letter from Mr. Badger.^ 

22. Severe cold. Rode to Youngstown. At evening preached from Acts 
\ iii : S. Traded. 5.50. 

23. Rode to Canfield. Rainy. The religious revival in these parts of the 
country a subject of general conversation. 

24. Rode to Boardman and returned. Read. Conversed upon religious doc- 
trines, particularly the error of Universalism. On the 22d visited a sick woman. 

25. Preached from 2 Cor. iv : 3. People appear pretty attentive. I hope 
a church may be formed here ere long. 

26. Visited. Very muddy riding. Wrote. Had a coarse coat made. 
Paid a taJJoress $3.25. The season very open. Weather mostly cloudy but 
not stormy. 

27. Rode to Warren, nine miles through the woods. Called at the salt 
spring. I think those works can never be of much utility. It requires about 
twelve hundred gallons of water to make a bushel of salt. 

28. Rode out and visited. A Baptist church is formed in this town. 
People generally appear pretty careless about serious things. 

29. Wrote to B. I. Gilman,* Marietta. Some people here do much in 
hunting. They kill a good many bears. At evening preached from 2 Tim. 
iv : 7. 8. People appear pretty attentive. 

30. It snowed considerably. Visited a school. Pretty poorly regulated, 
but appear ambitious. Visited families. Wrote to Col. Perrj'^ on the 
Monongahela. At evening at family prayer was much affected, and after it 
had a turn which continued some time. 

31. Wrote to Miss Peggy Perr}-,'" Monongahela. Yesterday received a 
letter from one of my pupils at Danbury, Elisha Whittlesey. Find myself con- 
stantly quite full of business. May the Lord of all grace be praised that I am 
now brought to the close of another vear. 



■ He starts on this journey to Warren bins, daughter of Dr. Chandler Robbins, of 

from Poland. Warren is the shire town of Plymouth. She was born Sept. 29, 1768. 

Trumbull County. Mr. Gilman was one of the founders of Mari- 

= Youngstown, the first township he en- etta, Ohio, and bore a very prominent part in 

tcred after leaving Poland, was in the original its growth and development. 

Trumbull County, but is in the present Ma- s Col. Perry, at whose house he was so 

honing County. kindly and generously taken care of during 

' Rev. Joseph Badger, see previous note. his sickness. 

' Benjamin I. Gilman married Hannah Rob- ' The daughter probably of Col. Perry. 



1 8 04 . 

January. 

1. It snowed considerably, but warm. Preached from Jude xi and Luke 
xvi : 5, last clause. The meeting was serious and solemn ; one person fell. 

2. Rode out and visited. There appears to be something of a disposi- 
tion among people here to attend to serious things. 

3. Verj' muddy, bad riding. It snowed some. Visited a school of more 
than twenty scholars. They appear pretty well. At evening preached from 
2 Tim. ii : 19. An uncomfortable time, but a good number of people col- 
lected. Wrote to Col. Power, Forks of Yohogany. After evening prayer my 
ner\'ous system very much affected. 

4. Ver)' cold. Thought of setting out today for the upper part of the 
county.' But weather and riding are too unfavorable. Prepared this Alma- 
nack " and finished my former one. Read the Bible. 

5. \\'rote to Gen. E. Champion, East Haddam, Ct. Rode out and visited. 
Am treated kindly by all sorts of people. At evening Mrs. Lane, where I 
stay, fell,' after evening prayer. I was also much affected. The occasion was 
very solemn. Some serious people present. 

6. Rode through Vienna'' to Hartford.' through lovely woods. Snow 
three or four inches deep. 

7. Rode to Smithfield.* There appears to be a powerful work of divine 
grace here. The bodily affection is a constant twitching and frequent falling 
without any cessation and without noise.' 

8. Preached from Gen. vi : 3, a clause, and Luke xvi : 5, last clause. 
A good number of people. Some pretty violently exercised, but no noise. 
At evening attended a conference. A small church was formed here last fall. 



' That is, Trumbull County. Directly north ing on the subject, but it still remains a 
of Trumbull Count\-, and of the same width, somewhat unexplained phenomenon. 
is Ashtabula County, bounded on the east by ' Vienna is the ne.xt town east of War- 
Pennsylvania, and on the north by Lake Erie. ren, where he was staying. 

^ The preparation of the Almanack con- ' Hartford is the ne.\t town northeast of 

sisted in taking it apart and inserting blank Vienna, and borders on Pennsylvania. It 

leaves of writing paper in connection with was named from Hartford, Ct., while the 

every month, and several additional leaves at county was named from Gov. Jonathan Trum- 

the end of the year, immediately after the bull, of Connecticut. 

month of December. These last were for * In the original laying out of the Con- 

the extension of his diary, for any month, necticut Reserve, there was a town named 

when the leaf for that month would not hold Smithfield in Trumbull County, but it was 

all the entries, for an index also, and any gen- afterwards changed 10 another name, prob- 

eral remarks. ably because there was also a town of Smith- 

^ We shall not attempt to explain this field in Jefferson County, Ohio, 
matter of falling, under religious impressions ' Here we have a new phase of the physi- 

and convictions. There has been much writ- cal effects wrought by religious excitement. 



220 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROREIXS, D.D. [1804. 

9. Worked on some of my things. Visited. Stormy and cold. 

10. It snowed hard all day. Walked out. The storm quite severe. 
Many here appear doubting and hesitating about important doctrines. 

11'. Wrote considerably. Walked out and visited. The snow about a 
foot deep. 

12. Visited some young women severely exercised. Preached a lecture 
from Acts viii : 8. At evening attended a conference. Meetings are very- 
much attended. 

13. Rode to Hartford. Preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7. 8. The most of the 
people here appear ver)- little affected with the work of grace in their neigh- 
borhood. 

14. Rode out and visited. Find ver)- little time to read or study. Pretty 

good riding. 

I V Preached to a large and very attentive audience from Heb. xi : 30 
and Ter. viii : 20. At evening attended a conference. Quite cold. 

16. Rode to Kinsman." Preached from 2 Tim. ii : 19, a clause. It 
snowed some. 

17. Rode with company to Morgan,' sixteen miles, without a house. 
Snow and mud very deep. Quite cold, and it snowed considerably. 

18. It snowed pretty hard all day. Find old acquaintance. At evening 
preached wholly extempore from Rev. iii : 10. 

19. Rode to Austinburgh.' Got considerably wet crossing a creek. Vis- 
ited mv old friend and classmate Rattell,'* now a farmer. Found several 
quondam Norfolk people. Am very affectionately received. A very great 
religious awakening here. Preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. At evening 
attended a conference with Mr. Badger. Received a letter from my sister 
Sallv, and a bundle of my clothes sent from home. 

20. Returned through the woods towards Smithfield. Very cold. Rode 
to Gustavus.' At evening preached extempore from Heb. i : 2. 

21. Rode to Smithfield. The snow a foot and a half deep. Much 
fati^ed. Find good entertainment. 



' Kinsman is the northeastern town in according to modern usage. The first Amer- 

TrumbuU County. The town of Vernon on ican ancestor of the family, Thomas Battelle, 

the south lies between Kinsman and H.irt- was in Dedham, Mass., in the early years, 

ford. and the name was pronounced in its French 

^ Morgan is northwest from Kinsman, near fashion, Battelle. Theodore Dwight, of Ded- 

the center of Ashtabula County. ham, as Justice of the Peace, appears in the 

' .-Vustinburgh is in Ashtabula County, record book as saving, " Personally appeared 

the town next north from Morgan. before me Thomas Battaly and acknowl- 

■* Probably Josiah Buckingham Battell, of edged," etc., showing that the name was then 

Torrington, brother of Joseph Battell, who pronounced with three syllables, though he 

married Mr. Robbins's sister Sarah. He spelled it wrong. Afterward it came to be 

speaks of him as a classmate. He was for a Battle, but now Battell, with the accent thrown 

time connected with the class of 1796 at on the last syllable, bringing out the French 

Yale, but did not graduate. origin of the name. 

This same family name has several times al- ^ Gustavus is on the northern line of 

ready appeared in the diary, where it has com- Trumbull County, next west from Kins- 

monlv been written Battle. Here it is written man. 



l804.] MISSIONARY IN" NEW CONNECTICUT. 221 

22. Preached from 2 Cor. iv : 3. Some new instances of awakening since 
I left here. At evening attended a conference. 

23. Yesterday and last night a great fall of snow. It is now more thr.n 
two feet deep on a level. More than has been ever known here. Very cold. 
People are generally pretty well provided with food and fodder. 

24. It has snowed nearly everj- day for three weeks. Some young people 
here get comforli and appear pretty well. Wrote to Mrs. Brainerd." of H ad- 
dam. At evening attended a conference. Much affected. E.xtreme cold. 

25. Rode to Hartford and preached from Matt. .\iii : 11. A prospect that 
this will be a pretty good tow-n. The work of religion here much less than in 
Smithfield. 

26. Rode to Smithfield. Ver}- good riding. At evening attended a con- 
ference. E.\pounded upon the fifty-third chapter of Isaiah. All quite attent- 
ive. Some very solemn. About eight or ten fall almost every meeting." 

27. Wrote. Afternoon preached from Jer. 1 : 34, first clause. Some feu- 
people have doubts of tlie genuineness of the present work of grace. 

28. Wrote to my parents. Find much kindness from people whercxer I 
go. 

29. Preached from Jude xi. In the afternoon preached from i John iv : i. 
Endeavored to show that the present work of religion in these back countries 
is a work of the true spirit. I hope it satisfied many doubting minds. Peo- 
ple were verj- attentive. At evening attended a conference ; verj- full. 

30. Rode to Vienna. Preached from Acts viii : 8. This is a new settle- 
ment, but appears prett}" flourishing. Yesterday took some cold. Have 
some rheumatic pains in my back. Houses ver}" smoky. 

31. Ver)" good riding and sledding. Rode to Smithfield. Almost worn 
out with fatigue. At evening attended a conference. 

February. 

1. Wrote. Set out to go to Austinburgh. Rode to Gustavus and tarried. 
Have something of a diarrhcea. 

2. Something rainy. Rode through the xvoods to Morgan. Had a dis- 
agreeable time. 

3. Read. Afternoon preached from Acts viii : 8. Rode to Austinburgh 
and tarried with Mr. Badger.^ Quite cold. 



■ With whom he boarded when preaching mon in the earlier years. But Mr. Rolibins, 

in Haddam, Ct. a Congregationalist, had not been brought 

^ How far Mr. Robbins came toward ac- in contact with it. 

quiescing in this feature of those Western ' See previous note on Mr. Badger. In 

revivals, he has not e.\actly told us. He has addition it should be said, that he was the 

previously told us that he never saw anything first Congregational missionary on the Con- 

o£ the kind until he met with it in Western necticut Reser\e. He left New England, 

Pennsylvania in 1S03. He might have seen Nov. 15, iSoo, and after a hard journey 

it in New England among the Methodists. reached the Reserve the last of December. 

It was very common in their camp-meetings. His first preaching senice was at Voungs- 

and in their church meetings twenty years town, Ohio, the last Sabbath of December, 

later in New England, and probably was com- iSoo. He says : 



222 DIARV OK RKV. THOMAS ROREIXS, D.D. [1S04. 

4. Rode to Morcjan. The creeks now e;enerally hard frozen. 

5. Preacheil from Jude xi and 2 Kings iv : 6, last clause. Pretty full 
meeting. At evening attended a conference. Some violently e.xercised. 

6. Helping the people here to fix upon a place for a public ground. 
Visited families. Tarried with my old friend Battell. 

7. Rode to .Vustinburgh, Capt. .Austin's. Preached from Rom. xiii : 11. 
At evening attended a conference. 

8. Cold and rainy. Wrote. Walked out and visited. Read. This a 
ver\- flourishing and respectable neighborhood. 

9. Rode to the south part of the town. Afternoon and evening, by the 
assistance of Mr. Badger and three or four members of the church, composed 
a Confession of Faith and Covenant and Articles of Practice for the churches 
in this county. .May God grant that they may be long useful to these churches. 

10. Wrote. Preached from 2 Tim. ii : ig. .At evening attended a con- 
ference. Quite cold. 

11. Worked some with the pco;)le building a large bridge. Rode to the 
north part of the town. Visited some families. 

12. Preached from Luke x\i: 5 and i John iv : i. People very solemn, 
some much affected. At evening attended a conference. 

13. Visited a school. Wrote considerably. Rode to Morgan. 

14. Visited. Afternoon worked considerably helping the people here to 
clear a piece of ground for public uses. 

15. Walked out. .Afternoon preached from Rom. xi : 18, first clause. 
At evening attended a conference. People quite attentive. 

16. Rode to Austinburgh. Very pleasant weather. .Afternoon preached 
from Matt, xiii: 11. Read the account of the deliverance of New Orleans to 
the United States Commissioners. 

17. Rode to Harpersfield." Afternoon preached from i Cor. ii : 10, last 
clause. In one part of this settlement the work of grace this winter has been 
very great. The other part verj- stupid. 

18. Visited a school and several families. The snow appears to be wast- 
ing away by the gentle heat of the sun. 

19. Full meeting and quite solemn. Preached from Gen. vi : 3 and Zech. 
ix: 12. Quite tired. Had a turn of sickness. 

20. There has been considerable opposition to the work of God here, but 



" r had now entered the great field where Mr. Badger organized the first church on 

I was to preach and visit from house to the Connecticut Reserve in October, iSoi, at 

house. There were no regular roads from Austinburg, Trumbull County. He took his 

place to place, and the marks of intercourse family to Ohio for permanent settlement in 

were not ver)- plain. The communication to 1S02, and Mr. Robbins was appointed his 

the lake settlements was not then opened. assistant in 1S03. 

The winter and spring I spent in the south, ■ Harpersfield is the town next west of 
visitmg and preachmg to all, or nearly all the Austinburg, in the northwesterly part of Ash- 
settlements m that part of the Reserve. In tabula Countv. Its name was given in honor 
Jm,e, as soon as the waters were fordablc, I of Capt. James Harper, one of the surveyors 
visited the more mterior settlements " who laid out these townships. 



lS04.] MISSIOXARY IN XEW COXXECTICL'T. 223 

I hope he will overrule it for good. Conversed with several people about the 
erection of a public house for meetings. Rode to Morgan. At evening 
preached from John iv: 19. The work of grace here appears lamentably 
declining. 

21. Rode to Gustavus. Ver)- bad riding. Not very well. 

22. Wrote considerably. Afternoon preached from John iv • 15. But 
three families in this town. We have had very pleasant weather for near a 
fortnight ; it now comes on cold. 

23. Quite cold. Roads very icy. Rode to Smithfield. People appear to 
receive me affectionately. 

24. Assisted some people in measuring a piece of ground for public uses.' 
At evening preached from 2 Kings iv : 6. People much disposed to attend 
meetings. 

25. Yesterday began a letter to Rev. Mr. Flint, of Hartford. Ct. Rode to 
Hartford. Assisted some people in measuring a piece of ground for public 
uses. Visited. 

26. Meeting verj' full and attentive. Preached from i Cor. ii : 10 and 
Phil, ii : 12, 13. At evening attended a conference. People very inquisitive. 

27. Rode to Smithfield. Worked witli the people clearing their public 
ground. Assisted the church in examining three young men for communion. 
They appear very well. Preached in the evening from Rev. x.\ii : 20, last 
clause. Meeting ver\- serious. 

28. Rode to Hartford. Visited. Worked some with the people on their 
public ground. I think it will be a pretty handsome place. 

29. Rode to Vienna. Preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7. 8. Baptized a child 
of parents formerly members of a church in Pennsylvania. The first time I 
ever administered the ordinance.^ 



1. Assisted the people in measuring out a piece of public ground and 
working on it. Visited some families. 

2. Rode to Hubbard.^ Verj' good riding. Visited. This town contains 
more than sixt)' families. Quite cold. 

3. Received an excellent letter from my father. Extreme cold. Read 
newspapers. Visited families. 

4. Yesterday and today the coldest days we have had this winter. A 
good number of people attended meeting for such a severe season. Preached 
from Acts xvii : 31, last clause, and 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. At evening walked out. 
After meeting conversed with a number of Methodists. 

5. My horse has received a bad wound. \\'eather moderates. Rode to 



' This helpfulness of Mr. Robbins in all brought to him in Pennsylvania, whose par- 
ways would increase his influence for good ents wished him baptized on the Half-Way 
among the people, especially in a new coun- Covenant plan, 
tr)' where everything was in the rough. ' Hubbard is the southeastern town in 

== He did not, therefore, baptize the child the present Trumbull County. 



224 



DIARV OK RKV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [l 



Coitsville.' Tarried with Rev. Mr. Wickr He quite agreeable. At evening 
preached from Luke .vvi : 5. 

6. Rode to Youngstown and to Warren. Pretty tired. The court-house ' 
in the town was burnt last week. Streams quite low. 

7. Visited. Wrote. .Most of the people here appear to think highly of 
the work of grace now in this country. Read newspapers. 

S. Wrote to Rev. Mr. Strong, of Hartford. Had company. 
9. Wrote. Walked out. At evening preached from Heb. i : 2. People 
attend meeting very well. 

10. Wrote to Dr. Wilco.x. Hartland. and Elisha Whittlesey, Danbury, Ct. 
Visited. Read newspapers. Conversed upon the present work of grace in 
the country. 

11. Preaclied from i Cor. ii : lo and Gen. vi : 3. Meeting quite full and 
attentive. 

12. Had company. Conversed considerably with some Baptists. Wrote 
considerably. Rainy. Very bad going. 

13. Began a letter to my parents. The county court began their session 
in this town. Considerably unwell. 

14. Attended at the session of the court. Litigation very little prevalent 
in this county. A Masonic Lodge about to be installed here. Received a 
request from their committee to deliver them an address tomorrow. Mr. 
Badger came and tarried with me.' 

15. Last night considerable snow fell. Afternoon met with the Masons 
and delivered to them a public discourse, taking for my guide 2 Pet. i : 3. 
Mr. Badger and I dined with them. 

16. At my request the court authorized me to perform marriages.' Re- 
ceived five dollars from the Masons with their thanks. Mr. Badger and I 
attended the church here, and they adopted the Confession of Faith, Covenant, 
and Articles of Practice which we lately drew up. They also chose me their 
moderator. On the loth inst. the church at Smithfield chose me their moder- 
ator and pastor. At evening Mr. Badger preached at a meeting which I had 
appointed. The first sermon I have heard'' since I liave been in the countr)'. 

17. On the 14th received a letter from my sister Sally. Quite feeble. 
Finished my letter to my parents. Assisted in writing a notification of the 
incorporation of trustees for a college in this county," which was sent to Con' 
necticut for publication. 



' Coitsville is the town ne.xt south of Hub- ' That subject belonged to the civil law, 

bard, the northeast town of the present Ma- and tlic right to perform marriages must be 

honing County taken from Trumbull County. conferred by the civil authority. 

• Mr. Wick was a Presbyterian minister, ' That is, on the Connecticut Reserve, 
as there were, at th.at time, no Cong^eg.^tional He heard preaching several times while pass- 
ministers on the Reserve e.xcept Mr. Badger ing through Pennsylvania, 
and Mr. Robbins. ? The plan for a college in that county 

' Warren, it will be remembered, was the was not then carried into effect. Aftenvard 

shire town of Trumbull County. the first college in New Connecticut was 

' These things were passing at Warren Western Reserve College, founded 1826. 

where he had his home. This is now removed to Cleveland, Ohio. 



1804.] illSSION'ARV IN NEW COXNECTICUT. 225 

18. Very bad going. Preached from 2 Cor. x : 4 and Zech. Lx : 12. Con- 
versed wth some persons about making a profession of religion. 

19. Visited several families. Warm. Waters ver}- high. Read Gen. 
Tracy's' ver}' able speech on the alteration of the Constitution. Visited ? 
school. 

20. Rode to Poland. Verj' bad riding. Tarried with Mr. Fowler.' 

21. Visited families. Difficulties attend ecclesiastical regulations here 
Hope they may be got over. 

22. Rode to Boardman and Canfield. People appear anxious to have me 
visit and preach with them. Waters very high and difficult to be crossed. 

23. Returned to Poland. Attended a society meeting. Some of the 
people are disposed to give an immediate call to a minister. I took pains to 
prevent it. 

24. Wrote considerably. Preached from Rom. x: i. The Pennsvlvania 
churches are on a pretty poor foundation as to sentiments, modes, or numbers. 

25. Preached from 2 Cor. x: 4 and Luke xvi : 5. The serious^ among 
the Pennsylvanians I think pay less regard to the Sabbath as holy time than 
is done in New England. The greater part of New England people in this 
county pretty loose characters.* 

26. Attended a society meeting. They voted to apply to the Presbytery 
for Mr. Pittinger ^ to settle with them for part of the time. The more think- 
ing people oppose it, as he has preached but five times in the town. I think 
it will be attended with bad consequences. Assisted the people in laying out 
a piece of ground, forty rods by sixteen, for public uses. They are not ver)' 
well agreed. 

27. Traded. 6.00. Rode to Hartford. Verj' bad riding. Quite warm. 
The snow appears likely to go oft by warm dry w^eather, which is a great favor. 
It is now nearly gone. Waters quite high. A little before I got to Hartford, 
I hurt my horse by his running a large stick into his thigh ; he is now verj' 
lame. At evening married two young persons. The first I ever did.' 

28. Rode to Smithfield. The aw-akening here I fear is declining. 

29. Wrote. Preached to a few people from Rom. x : i. At night quite a 
hard rain. People receive me affectionately. 

30. Visited. Rode to Hartford. The work of God appears to remain in 
a few instances with great power. My horse very lame. Quite cool. 

31. Walked to Smithfield; my horse cannot be used. Had some clothes 
made. Conversed with some persons much impressed. 



' Uriah Tracy, of Litchfield, Ct., a native ' Serious minded people, 

of Franklin, Ct., bom 1754, graduated at ■* This entry divides the bad things pretty 

Yale, 1778; for quite a number of years evenly between the Pennsylvanians and the 

member of United States Congress and Sen- New Englanders. 

ate, died July 19, 1S07, at Washington, D. C, ' Rev. Nicholas Pittinger, having charge 

and was the first person buried in the Con- of churches at Poland and Westfield. 
gressional burying-ground. ' His license from the count)' court, per- 

^ Jonathan Fowler, who emigrated to Ohio mitting him to perform the marriage cere- 

from Wallingford, Ct. mony, used for the first time. 



226 DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBEIXS, D.D. [1804. 

Apkil. 

1. Preached from 2 Cor. .x : 4 and Gen. xxviii : 20, 21. Admitted three 
vounL; men into the church. This church adopted the Confession, Covenant, 
and .\nicles ' which we drew up at Austinburgh, February 9th. At evening 
attended a conference : quite serious. 

2. Considerably unwell. May the Lord strengthen me according to my 
need. Wrote considerably. Conversed closely with a family on the duty of 
family prayer. 

3. Rode to Kinsman and performed a marriage." Very bad riding. 
Returned to Smithlield. 

4. Rode to Gustavus and performed a marriage." Got something wet 
with rain. Returned to Smithfield. Received for these two marriages two 
dollars. 

5. Rode to Hartford. Visited. Conversed with several persons under 
serious impressions. At evening preached from John vii : 34. A serious 
meeting. A pretty hard thunder-shower. 

6. Procured a horse to ride, mine being unfit for use. Rode to Vienna. 
Keeping for horses verj- scarce. Rainy. 

7. Worked with the people at their public ground in the center of the 
town. Visited. 

S. Preached from Matt, xviii: 3 and Luke xv: 17. People here appear 
verv stupid and unfeeling. Much troubled with stomach sickness. 

9. Set out to go to Greensburgh^ to attend the session of the Erie Pres- 
bytery. Rode into Pennsylvania. Got considerably wet with rain. 6. 

10. Rode to Greensburgh. Set with the Presbytery. They are much 
crowded with business. In this Presbyter)- are fifteen ministers. They 
appear to be pious men, but have very little learning and still less knowledge 
of mankind. They are generally near and past middle life, and but two that 
have preached as long as I have.* 

11. .An application was made by the congregation at Poland for leave to 
present a call to the Presbyter)' of Ohio for Mr. Pittinger.^ I opposed it in a 
particular statement of facts which relate to the matter. It however passed 
with some ojjposition. Should it finally succeed I think the consequences 
will be unhappy. 

12. The Presbytery concluded their session. Wrote to the moderator of 
tlie Presbytery of Ohio. There was an exhibition of the Academy in this 



' Mr. Badger and Mr. Robbins drew up * He reached Greensburgh on the sec- 

this plan to be used in the founding of ond day, and the statement which he makes 

churclics. They were ecclesiastical ])ioneeis is quite instructive as to the character and 

and organizers on the Reserve. qualifications of the ministers in this part 

• He is in a new country, with a good pro- of the country. These men, as a rule, took 

jiortion of young people, and marriages are up the business of preaching late in life, and 

ir.croasing. without much special training for their pro- 

■' Greensburgh, it will be remembered, is fession. 
the shire town of Westmoreland County, = This Rev. Nicholas Pittinger is a min- 

IV-nn.. and is forty or tiity miles away from ister who is not traceable in the college 

the jil.ice where he then was. catalogues. 



1804.] MISSIOXARV IX NEW COXXECTICUT. 227 

town. The performances were barely tolerable. Many things quite indeli- 
cate, and a great mixture of religion with things very different. Left Greens- 
burgh and rode five miles. 

13. Rode to Poland and Boardman.' Considerably unwell. The ground 
dries very fast. 

14. Read newspapers. Wrote considerably. Rode to Canfield. Mr. 
Fowler,^ at Poland, had a large house raised. 

15. Quite warm. Preached from Luke xvi : 5 and Luke xv : 17. Quite 
unwell. Some unhappy disturbances in this place. 

16. Visited families. Tried to provide some w-ay to heal the difficulties 
existing here. Read newspapers. 

17. Wrote to my father. Last night a very- hard rain. Preached from 
Rom. X : I. People here tr)ing to establish a fund for the support of a 
minister. 

iS. Visited families. Quite warm. Conversed with people about forming 
into a church in this town. 

19. Rode to Hubbard. The Mahoning' higher than any time this year. 
People generally beginning to plow. 

20. Rode out and vdsited. Great numbers of families are coming into 
this county from below. Visited a school. 

21. Wrote. Rainy. Visited a school. Preached from John iv ; 15. 

22. Much affected witli stomach sickness. Preached from Luke xn : j, 
15 and XV : 17. Afternoon asked Mr. Smith, a Methodist preacher living in 
this town, to make the first prayer.' 

23. Worked with the people here clearing a piece of public ground twenty- 
six rods square. Rode to Liberty.' 

24. Rode to Canfield. Waters verv- high. The riding in this countrv' not 
so bad as in many parts of Connecticut in a wet season. 

25. Began a letter to Mr. Flint, of Hartford. Afternoon with Mr. Badger 
attended a meeting of a number of people here,* on the subject of forming 
into a church. Mr. B. preached. 

26. Rainy. Examined several persons who offered themselves for church- 
members. Visited. 

27. Afternoon preached from Gen. xxviii : 20, 21. After which the church 
was regularly organized, consisting of three men and six women. May the 
great Head of the Church have it under his holy protection. Finislied my 
letter to Mr. Flint. Considerably unwell. 



' With the start of five miles the night * This was such an instance of denomina- 

before he made the rest of the journey back tional charity and courtesy it was fit it should 

the next day. be recorded. 

' Mr. Jonathan Fowler, who seems to have ' Libert)' is one of the southern tier of 

been a man of enterprise, and of considerable towns in the present Trumbull County. It 

property-. is the second from the Pennsylvania line, 

' Mahoning River seems to have given Hubbard being on that line, 

the name to the county which was afterwards ' That is, in the town of Canfield, where 

formed. one of the early churches in Ohio was formed. 



228 DIARY OF RKV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1804. 

28. Visited. Rode to Poland. The Tresbyter)' of Ohio approbated the 
call put in by the people here for Mr. Pittinger,' and he has accepted. I 
think the consequence may be disagreeable. Rainy. 

29. Preached from i Cor. ii : lo and 2 Tim. iv. 7, 8. People appear 
pretty stupid in regard to the excellency and spirit of religion. 

30. Received a letter from the clerk of the Ohio Presbytery. Traded. 
1.50. Rode to Hartford. After a long turn of backward wet weather, we 
have now settled spring weather. 

Mav. 

1. Rode to Smithfield and returned. My horse, which I left here some- 
time since on account of lameness, has got well. At evening preached from 
Rom. X : I. The awakening here appears to be declining. 

2. Visited. Rode to \'ienna. Attended the raising of a house. The 
first frame erected in the town." Warm. 

3. Rode to Warren. Very warm for the season. Attended a meeting, 
heard a Baptist^ minister preach. Assisted in the exercise. Received a 
letter from Mr. Badger. 

4. Received a letter from my parents. It appears that the past winter 
in New England has been very severe. A very great quantity of snow. 
Quite equal to the year 1780. Wrote. Ver)' hot summer weather. 

5. Wrote to my parents. Visited. Read newspapers. In the late 
election in Connecticut, Democracy appears to have gained a little.* 

6. Preached in the forenoon from Luke xv : 17. Afternoon Mr. Smith, 
a Baptist minister, preached, after which he baptized three persons in the 
river. In the forenoon I baptized a child. Some rain. 

7. Visited families. Attended a military election for the choice of com- 
missioned olTicers. The militia in this State is now about to be organized. 
Electioneering common in this country for all offices.' 

8. Rode to Smithfield. A ver)' warm day. A very growing season. 
Wheat on the ground appears exceeding well. 

9. A framed barn in this neighborhood was burnt by accident. Walked 
out. Worked on some of my things.' 

10. Worked on some of my things. Visited families. Rode to Hartford. 
Vegetation comes on ver\' fast. 



' Rev. Nicholas Pittinger remained here dcr a Plan of Union, which made them, in 

from his settlement in 1804 till iSio. a certain sense, one. 

- This reveals the new state of the coun- ' The Democratic party being in power 

try, and helps us to a conception of the con- at Washington, it was but natural that the 

ditions under which Mr. Robbins was prose- opposition to Democracy in Connecticut 

cuting his work. He was now enduring should weaken a little. 
" hardness as a good soldier." 5 In his native State he had not then been 

' Already we have had glimpes of four used to this. 
Christian denominations working on this gen- ' These were articles for his comfort and 

eral field, Presbyterians, Congregationalists, convenience at his lodgings. He was natur- 

Baptists, and Methodists. The Congregation- ally ingenious and could turn his handle 

aiists and Presbyterians were working un- mechanism. 



1804.] MISSIONARY IN NEW COXXECTICUT. 229 

11. Rode out and visited. Afternoon preached a sacramental lecture 
from Luke xxii : 19, last clause. Assisted the church in examining four per- 
sons for communion. 

12. Rode out. Afternoon preached from John xiv : 6. Fires run con- 
siderably. 

13. Preached to a large assembly from Prov. i: 24, 25, 26 and Zech. ix : 
12. Administered the holy sacrament. Was much affected. The season 
was very solemn and I hope comforting to God's people. Admitted four 
young women into the church. Baptized a child. Some formerly Norfolk 
people present from Austinburgh. At evening attended a conference. Con- 
siderably unwell. The awakening here appears to be declining. 

14. Assisted some people in looking out a road. They are not verj' well 
agreed. Hope I did them some good. Raining. \\'rote. 

15. Rode to Smithfield. Considerably unwell. Visited families. Visited 
a school. At night quite rainy. 

16. Rode to Hubbard. Preached from John xiv : 6. Some people appear 
quite serious. 

17. Rode to Canfield. Preached a sacramental lecture from Luke xxii: 
19. Quite feeble. Few people attend lectures. 

18. Rode to China.' Preached from John xiv: 6. The settlement new ; 
people generally attended. 

19. Returned to Canfield. Received an Almanack, sent from home by 
mail. Read newspapers. Visited. Serious contentions in this town. 

20. Preached from Prov. i : 24, 25, 26 and Zech. ix : 12. Administered the 
sacrament of the supper. A large number of people. All tarried at the sacra- 
ment, by desire. Several Pennsylvania people joined with us in communion. 

21. Visited families. Read. Rainy. Last night a hard thunder-shower. 
Quite warm. 

22. Set out to go to Pittsburgh. Rode to Poland. A very hard rain. 
Vegetation comes on very fast. 

23. Rode to Greensburgh.° Ver)- wet riding. Waters very high and diffi- 
cult crossing. Tarried at Mr. Hughes's. 

24. Had company on the way. Rode to Beaver and onward towards Pitts- 
burgh. From Beaver^ to Pittsburgh,* on the north side of the river, the road 
not passable for teams, and but few settlements. The militia in this country 
very ordinarj-. The land near the river quite mountainous. On the 2 2d 
finished reading the New Testament in course, which I began Sept. 24, 1803. 

25. Rode to Pittsburgh. Two men drowned here yesterday. Was out 



' There seems to be no town now in Ohio Ohio, and not the place in Westmoreland 

of the name of China, and it may be that this County, Penn., to which attention has been 

name then designated a locality rather than a before called. 

town. The diary says the place was new. ^ Beaver, shire town of Keaver County, 

All places then were new in that region, but Penn. 

that was new in a special sense. ' From Beaver to Pittsburgh, following 

. ' This is Greensburgh, Trumbull County, Ohio River, from twenty-five to thirty miles. 



23° 



DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1804. 



with the people looking for the bodies which could not be found. Rode to 
Elizabethtown ' in the Forks of Yohogany. 

26. Rode to Col. Perry's.' Find many acquaintances. Rode to the lower 
meeting-house. The people met to begin the exercises of a sacramental 
occasion.^ Preached from Luke xvi : 5. Mr. McPherin' and Mr. Snow, 
ministers and a candidate, present. 

27. The work of divine grace appears wonderfully expelled here by party 
contentions and animosities. Not so many people as at the sacrament last 
fall. But little bodily exercise. Near two hundred communicants. Three 
tables. I administered the last. At evening attended a praying meeting. 

28. Preached from Prov. i : 24. 25. 26. The people appear to be in an 
unhappy, captious state, about ministers and serious things. The enemy 
appears to have great hold in all the congregations in this vicinity. 

29. Rode to the upper congregation. Visited friends. Tarried at Col. 
Brewer's. 

30. Visited. Warm and shower)-. The people here contending about the 
settlement of a minister. Read. 

31. Wrote. Ver)- warm. Preached in the meeting-house from Rom. x: i. 
Tarried with Dr. Smith. Shower)-. 

June. 

1. A ver)' great prospect of fruit of all kinds. Wheat likely to 'oe consid- 
erably injured in these parts by the fly. Rode out. At evening had a long 
discourse with several people on original sin and universal atonement and 
invitations.' The serious people here are generally attached to the literal 
meaning and terms of the Westminster Confession and Catechisms. They 
are particularly alarmed at new terms. 

2. Visited Mrs. Smith, w-idow of the late minister.' A New England 
school-master here, doing very well. 

3. Preached from Acts xvii : 31 and from i Thess. v: 25. The after- 
noon discourse was very solemn and affecting to me and the people. Quite 
tired. Had some bad turns of stomach sickness. 

4. Rode to Pigeon Creek, Washington County.' Attended at Mr. Gwin's 
sacramental occasion. A large collection of people. Considerably more than 



' In Lancaster County, Penn. Christ and be saved. The old school peo- 

' Who greatly befriended him in his sick- pie of that time held that Christ died only 

ness. for an elect number. Mr. Robbins held to 

' It was for this that the long journey was strong doctrine, but trained under New Eng- 

undertaken. land divines he rejected the doctrine of lim- 

* There were two Presbyterian ministers ited atonement. 
at that time of this family name, though the * Rev. David Smith. 

name is wrongly spelled in the diary. These ' Washington County, Penn., was next 

were Rev. John McPherrin and Thomas Mc- south of Alleghany County, of which Pitts- 

Phcrrin. We do not know- which of these burg was shire town. It was a journey of 

two were present on that occasion. thirty miles perhaps from the one meeting to 

■" Universal invitations to men to come lo the other. 



l8o4.] MISSIONARY IX NEW CONNECTICUT. 23I 

at the Forks last sacrament. Preached from Luke xv : 17. After the exer- 
cise, a great deal of falling and noise. Though the work is sensibly on the 
decline, through the countr}-, there is reason to fear a spirit of contention 
will succeed. After the exercise, rode to IVIr. McMillan's and tarried. 

5. Had the misfortune not to see Mr. McMillan." He is leader of the 
ministers, this side of the mountains. Rode to Canonsburgh, called on Mr. 
Dunlap,^ the president of the college.^ This college has about fifty students. 
But I think it is a poor place for education, and ever will be. Rode to Pitts- 
burgh. Very hot. The bodies of the two men who were drowned have since 
been found and buried. 

6. Traded. 18.77. 2.50 of which for primers to be given on my mission 
in the name of the Missionary Society. Got some articles of medicine. Rode 
to Beaver, alias Mcintosh. 

7. Rode to Canfield. There has been a great deal of rain in this quarter 
for two or three weeks past. Muddy riding. 

8. Rode to Smithfield. Much fatigued with my journey. Have had 
company from Pittsburgh. 

g. Very hot. Wrote. Fixed my things. Wrote to Mrs. Steele, Forks of 
Yough, and to Mr. Asa Lane, Warren. Wearied with my journej-. 

10. Rode to Kinsman and preached from Heb. i: 2 and 2 Tim. iv : 7-8. 
Full meeting. This is a respectable settlement. 

11. Walked out and visited. Could not find my horse. Walked to Smith- 
field. Assisted at the raising of a bjrn. My horse brought to me at evening. 

12. Rode to Hartford. Tried to settle some differences about a road.'' 
Rainy. My horse quite lame. Walked to Smithfield and preached from 
Matt, xxvi : 42. A serious meeting. 

13. Considerably unwtll. Wrote records for the church here. Walked 
over the creek and back ; a valuable and pleasant part of the town. 

14. Visited. Conversed considerably with two Methodist preachers, occa- 
sionally in town. One of them preached. I think they will get but little 
encouragement here. Rode to Hartford and preached from Matt, xxvi : 1-6. 

15. Set out to go to Meadville,' in Pennsylvania. Quite rainy. Rode 
about tiventy miles, tarried at a private house. Very- wet and bad riding. 8. 

16. Rode to Meadville. Kindly welcomed by Mr. Stogdon.' People 
were waiting to go into meeting. Preached immediately from Acts \iii : 8. 



' This Rev. John McMillan, though of ' Meadville, the shire torni of Crawford 

large influence, does not seem to have been County, Penn., one of the Pennsylvania coun- 

a man of college education, but he was prob- ties bordering on Ohio. It was about forty 

ably the father of Rev. John McMillan, D. D., miles from his home at Warren, Ohio, to 

graduated at Jefferson College, 1S07, and Meadville, Penn. 

afterwards professor of theolog)' in that in- '' We think that Mr. Robbins must have 

stitution. mistaken this name, writing it by sound 

^ Rev. James Dunlap, president of Jeffer- rather than by knowledge of the true spell- 
son College, 1S03-1811. ing. The only Presbyterian minister we can 

^ Jefferson College, founded at Canons- find that seems to justify this entry is Rev. 

burgh, Washington County, Penn., 1802. Joseph Stockton. With a slight difference 

* A minister in a new countr)' has to make in pronunciation it might easily be spelled 

himself generally useful. Stogdon. 



232 niARY OF RF.V. THOMAS ROEniXS, D.D. [1S04. 

Kindly and liandsonicly cntertnincd. This is the hirgest town in the State 
this side of the Alleghany River. 

17. Attended meeting at a tent on the bank of the French Creek. 
A large and respectable collection of people. Mr. Stogdon preached in the 
forenoon, and I in the afternoon from l.uke xv : 17. I ser\-ed the tables 
and administered to the first and third ; he at the second. There were about 
si.xty communicants. We were obliged to suspend the exercises awhile, after 
serving the tables, on account of the rain. I was also stopped in the midst 
of the afternoon sermon, and the congregation moved to the court-house where 
the exercises were finished. A very solemn occasion.' 

18. Many respectable and wealthy people in this town. Received several 
marks of kindness and gratitude. A valuable jacket pattern was given me. 
Rainy. Preached in the court-house, from Acts xvii : 31. People quite 
attentive and serious through the whole occasion; but no bodily exercise. 
Rode home with Mr. Stogdon. Mr. Galbreth, a candidate, with tis. 

19. Rode to Hartford. From Meadville, about thirty-five miles. Warm 
and shower)'. 

20. Rode to Smithfield. Visited. Wrote. A hard shower. Had ap- 
pointed and expected to preach, but was prevented by the rain. On the 
iSth eat green peas. On the 12th at Smithfield, after preaching, baptized 
a woman and two children. On the 14th at Hartford, after preaching, bap- 
tized a young woman. These two adults were admitted into the church May 
13th, but their baptism then was forgottSn. 

21. Wrote records for this church. \\'orked on some of my things. 
Visited. 

22. Visited several families. Visited a school, very well regulated and 
instnicted, particularly in the catechism.^ Rode to Hartford. 

23. Had some clothes made. Ver)- warm. Rode to Liberty. Bad riding. 
It has been a very rainy season. It has rained the most of the days 
for about six weeks. 

24. Had appointed to preach at Youngstown. Rode there and found Mr. 
Badger, in consequence of an arrangement between him and Mr. Wick. I 
then rode to Hopewell and preached for Mr. Wick and he preached at 
Hubbard.' 2. 

25. Set out with Mr. P.adger and Mr. Wick" to go to the session of the 
Presbyter)-, about twenty-five miles in Pennsylvania.' Very warm. 

26. Met with the Presbyter)% quite agreeable. Rainy. These ministers 
are generally opposed to Hopkinsian divinity,' but think of it more favorably 
than heretofore. 



' By Mr. Robbins's attendance so many ' An arrangement which turned itself in- 

times upon these sacramental occasions, we to what ministers call a triple exchange. 
?ain quite a clear conception of the nature * Rev. William Wick. 

' the^c services. s xhis was not a sacramental occasion, 

= By this it appears that the Assembly's but a ministers' meeting. 
C-itcchism was taught in the schools of Ohio, » The Hopkinsian divinity was the New 

as well as in those of Connecticut. England new school theology of that dav. 



l804.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 



233 



27. Had a particular discussion in the Presbytery of the question of a 
man's marrying his brother's wife. The Presbytery decided against it. After- 
noon preached from Heb. 11 : 30. After which set out with Mr. Badger and 
Mr. U'ick on our return. Last Sabbath preached from Heb. i : 2 and Matt. 
x.wi : 42. 

28. Returned to Mr. Wiclv's. Ver)- tired. Read Hopkins's System} 

29. Sent money to Mr. Badger, S15.25. On the 15th sent to Mr. W. Jones, 
of Hartford, $5.00. Rode to Canfield. 

30. Very warm weather. Wrote to Mr. Pittinger, preaching at Poland. 
A thunder-shower. 

July. 

1. Preached from Heb. i: 2 and Matt, xxvi : 42. People pretty attent- 
ive. Serious people here apprehensive of inroads by Methodists. 

2. Wrote to ^Ir. Hezekiah Howe. New Haven, Ct. Cool for the sea- 
son. 

3. Visited several families. Afternoon rode to Deerfield.' The most 
of the people here Methodists. A Methodist church has been formed here 
for some time. 

4. Conversed and disputed some with Bostwick. the Methodist preacher. 
I fear he is a dangerous character.^ Rode to Rootstown.'' Tarried with Esq. 
Root' from Hartford. 

5. Last night a very hard showe!-. Rode to Hudson.' The bridge over 
the Cuyahoga quite a curiosity. Ver)' warm. The roads ver\- muddy. 

6. Wrote to Mrs. Brainerd, of Haddam. I believe the hottest weather 
we have had this season. Rode out. 

7. Wrote the records of the church'' in this town in a new book I brought 
for them. Afternoon preached from Acts viii : 8. Excessive hot. 

8. The people not very generally out at meeting. I have a good church. 
Preached from Heb. i: 2 and Matt, xxvi: 42. Almost overcome with the 
heat. 

9. Wrote on the church records. Wrote to my parents. Showery. For 
five days past the weather has been excessive hot. 

10. Began a letter to Mr. Flint, of Hartford. On the 8th began to read 
the New Testament in course. Visited a school. Catechised the children. 

11. Wrote. Rode out and visited. Valuable' mills lately burnt here. 



' After the discussions at the meeting of * Rootstown is also in Portage County, 

Presbj-tery, he is refreshing his mind on the nearer the center of the county, 
points of the Hopkinsian system. ' Ephraim Root, Esq., from Hartford, Ct., 

^ Deerfield is in Portage County, the ne.\t who gave the name probably to the town, 
county west of Trumbull. Deerfield is the ' Hudson is now in Summit County, which 

southeast town of Portage County. was formed later, but was then in Portage 

' It was hard for a Congregationalist or a County. 
Presbyterian of that day to do even and ex- ' The church in Hudson was organized in 

act justice to a Methodist, though we know iSo:;, and remains Congregational to this 

nothing of the merits of this particular case. day. 



234 



DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. 



[1804. 



People generally haying. .V great crop of grass. Read Hunter's' Sacred 
Biography. 

12. Visited families. This very troublesome. Roads quite wet. After- 
noon preached from Acts vii : 34. I hope there are several serious people 
here, but they appear dull and worldly. 

13. Rode through the woods to Cleveland." Tarried with Esq. Kingsbury.' 
This the oldest settlement in the county. 

14. Rode out with Col. Huntington.* \\"ent to the mouth of the Cuya- 
hoga. A very pleasant situation, commanding an extensive prospect of the 
lake. The people rather loose in principles and conduct. 

15. The morning rainy. Had a pretty full meeting. The people gen- 
erally quite attentive. The most of them have not heard a sermon or a prayer 
in eighteen months.' Preached from Acts viii : 8 and Luke xv : 17. 

:6. Rode into Euclid' and back. Visited families. People generally 
anxious to have me visit them again. 

17. Rode to Hudson. Visited families. My health quite good. Mr. 
Bostwick, the Methodist, preached here today. He had but few hearers. A 
little before I got to Hudson I killed a very large yellow rattlesnake. 

18. Visited. Some people here and at Cleveland sick with the fever and 
ague. Rode to Aurora.' Wrote. 

19. Rainy. Finished my letter to Mr. Flint."^ Wrote to Mr. Strong,* of 
Hartford. Preached from Heb. i : 2. 

20. This is the anniversary of my ordination. Rode to Nelson.' In 
Hiram '" visited a man ver\- sick with the bite of a rattlesnake. Settlements 
in this part of the county ver\- small. 

21. Wrote to Dr. Wilcox, of Hartland. Visited a small school. Visited 
families. 



' Rev. Henrv Hunter, a Scotch clerg)-- 
man, born 1741. 

' Cleveland is in Cuyahoga County on 
the lake shore. In 1S04, when Mr. Robbing 
was there, there were only a few families in 
the place. In iSio, the population was 547. 
In 1S80, it was 160,146. This place took its 
name from Gen. Moses Cleveland, of Canter- 
bury, Ct., one of the chief men in the early 
days of New Connecticut. 

' Hon. James Kingsbury, " The Judge," 
as he was called, was born in Norwich, Ct., 
Dec. 29, 1767. When young his parents re- 
moved to Alstead, N. H., where he grew up, 
married, and from that place emigrated to 
Ohio in 1796, .settling at Cleveland. 

' Samuel Huntington, son of Joseph Hunt- 
ington, D. D., of Coventry, Ct. He was born 
1765, was graduated at Vale College in 17S5, 
went to Ohio in iSot, was made Chief-Jus- 
lice of the State, Governor iSoS-iSn, died 



at Painesville, Ohio, July 7, 1817. This Sam- 
uel Huntington, though son of Dr. Joseph, 
was the adopted son of Gov. Samuel Hunt- 
ington, of Norwich, Ct. 

' There was no church organized then in 
Cleveland. 

' Euclid, a few miles from Cleveland, in 
the northeast corner uf Cuyahoga County. 

' .\urora is the northwest town of Portage 
County. 

' These communications of his to Drs. 
Flint and Strong were in the nature of offi- 
cial reports to them as officers of the Con- 
necticut Missionary Society. Several of them 
were published in the fourth, fifth, and sixth 
volumes of the Connecticut Evangelical Mag- 

' Nelson is the northeast town of Portage 
County. 

'" Hiram, in Portage County, next town 
west of Nelson. 



l8o4.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 235 

22. Preached from Luke xvi : 5 and Matt, xxvi : 42. There are but seven 
families in this town.' 

23. Rode through the woods to Warren. At evening preached from Acts 
iv : 27, 28. The people here appear fond of being visited by missionaries. 
Received a letter from my cousin S. P. Robbins (now a missionary on the 
Susquehanna), my father, and one from my brother James. Received one 
from Mr. Flint, of Hartford, informing me that I am appointed a missionary 
for another year. 

24. Rode to Hartford. Weather verjf cool for the season. People gen- 
erally harvesting. The grain grew large, but it is injured by being lodged 
down, and not very well filled. 

25. In the morning felt considerably unwell. Expected to ride to Canfield 
today, but am unable. Kept about all day, but quite drooping. Afternoon 
preached from Matt, xxvi : 39, latter part. At night quite sick. 

July 26. I was more unwell, my disorder of a bilious kind, and I 
was persuaded I should have a turn of sickness, but expected it would con- 
tinue but a few days, like a turn I had September, 1802. I sent for a 
physician and was bled copiously, and took physic. The next day I was 
worse ;^ afternoon a ver\- distressing weariness, with a high fever and consid- 
erable derangement of mind. At night had a watcher, for the first time 
since I can remember. Dr. Wright, my physician, was verj- attentive ; his 
applications I believe were verj- judicious, and I was treated with the best 
care by attendants. But Heaven destined for me a pretty severe fit of 
sickness. I believe I constantly grew worse through the month. On the 
30th I had an intermission, and appeared to myself and others much better. 
But my disorder soon returned with violence. My fever high, my nights were 
verj' restless. 

August. 

At the beginning of the month my disorder continued to rage constantly 
with increasing violence. My fever ran high and my nights were ver)- rest- 
less and tedious. My mind was much affected and at times quite deranged, 
so that I can remember but little that passed. Excepting the restlessness 
of the fever, I had but little pain. My physician, attendants, and watchers paid 
the most faithful attention, and I had, perhaps, as good accommodations as 
I could have had at home. I did not suppose at any time that I should 
die with this disorder, still, for a few days I considered my case ver)- critical 
and began to think of death, so far as my feeble mind would admit, in 
earnest. It appeared to me more of a reality and more solemn than e\er 
before. But I trust I derived much support and consolation in the con- 
sideration of the universal and perfect government of God. My fever formed 
no regular crisis, but it appeared to break about the fifth or sLxth instant, 



' Hiram. notes. In the present case, from his condi- 

^ This matter of bleeding, which was ac- tion the next day, it may fairly be questioned 

cording to the common medical practice of whether the bleeding did not work him in- 

that time, has been referred to in previous jury. 



236 DIARY OK RF.V. THOMAS ROBIilNS, D.D. [1804. 

and from that time gradually to wear away. On the fifth, Mr. Badger and 
Capt. Case came to see me, and I was much comforted by the visit. I sent 
for Mr. B. three days previous. For the first week after my fever declined 
I gained but very little. My weakness was very great, the heat of the season 
was so extreme, that I was but barely supported for many days. The 
second week I gained some strength and sat up a little every day. I 
had a supply of good port wine, which was of great benefit. Such fruit as 
could be obtained was brought me constantly. I had watchers steadily for 
about three weeks. Being taken care of by e.xperienced persons in sickness 
and confiding in their directions, I believe I had as few poor turns in my 
recover)' as most any one that is brought so low. 

The third week of my recover)' I got strength sufficient to go out. I paid 
Dr. Wright for his attendance in my sickness, thirteen dollars. I paid for 
wine, two gallons, seven dollars. One or two articles, forty cents. The 
people in Smithfield and Hartford, by contribution, have paid Mr. Spencer 
for his keeping me, twelve dollars.' 

22. I was dressed, and with assistance, rode out a little distance. To- 
wards night the brethren of the church met here to converse upon some 
difficulties. I did too much. Had a poor night. 

23. Poorer than yesterday. Afternoon rode out a little way. 

24. Quite feeble. Set up but very little. Evidently got overdone the two 
days past. 

25. The weather excessive hot. It seems to be very difficult to gain 
strength at such a season. I have a very good supply of watermelons brought 
me. Afternoon Mr. Mills and Mr. Beech, from Austinburgh,^ called to 
see me. 

26. Rode out with some assistance a little way, and attended meeting.' 
I lay on the bed the most of the time, but sat up and prayed, appointed the 
psalms, and made some observations after the reading of the sermons. The 
meeting was serious. I believe it did me no injury. 

27. My head is very weak. I cannot bear close attention to any subject. 
A great number of excellent plums grow about here spontaneously. Company 
apt to be injurious in severe sickness.* 

28. Rode out. Can ride but a little way without stopping. Rode to the 
lower part of Smithfield. At evening performed a marriage. Able to stand 
but very little. 

29. Rode to Esq. Smith's. Very feeble and poor. My fatigue yesterday 
and my accommodations, it being the first night I have slept from Mr. 
Spencer's, were too much for my weak state. Afternoon rode back to Hart- 



' It will be observed that this break, the ' It will be remembered that he is now in 

first which h.-is occurred in the diary, covers the town of Hartford, where this attack 

nearly a month, from July 26th to August 22d. stopped him. 

' Austinburgh contained a good number ' That is 3 general remark with a particu- 

of people from that part of Connecticut lar application. But in this case he was in 

where Mr. Robbins was born, several from too much hurry to get about his regular work 

his own town of Norfolk. a"ain. 



i8o4.] 



MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 



ford. Quite overdone. Rode on a side-saddle. It seemed to revive me 
to get home. 

30. Quite feeble. Afternoon visited a sick child. Rode to Esq. P.rock- 
way's. Got too much worried. 

31. Was comfortably well in the forenoon, but I think more weak than 
I have been. Afternoon I had a hard fit of fever and ague. The ague 
was severe, after which I had a high fever, which was succeeded by a copious 
sweating. 

September. 

1. Sent for my physician. Took stimulant medicine to prevent fever and 
ague. A little of this disorder is common in this country in the convalescence 
of a bilious fever. Returned to Mr. Spencer's. Afternoon the brethren of the 
church here met, and attended to some difficulties which I think will issue 
favorably. At evening had a moderate fit, which appeared to be much miti- 
gated by wine and other medicines. 

2. Very weak. Sat up but very little.' E.xcessive hot. Towards night 
was carried out a little way, rode on a pillow, and attended a funeral. At 
night had a slight fit. Took powerful stimulating medicines through the day. 

3. Forenoon rode out a little way. Afternoon quite rainy. 

4. A cool and very agreeable air. Till now the weather has been uni- 
formly remarkably hot for about four weeks. Began a letter to my parents. 

5. Wrote. Capt. Canfield^ called to see me. I think I gain strength 
pretty fast. 

6. Rode out. Finished my letter to my parents. Could write but a little 
while at a time. My head is quite weak. Received a good letter from my 
brother James, one from Mr. Tower, and one from Mrs. Ferr\' at the Forks of 
the Yough. 

7. Warm. Afternoon rode to Smithfield. I cannot be sufficiently thank- 
ful that I have so far recovered as to be able to ride in some measure 
comfortably. 

8. People generally appear pleased to see me again about. Rode out. 
Quite warm. Read newspapers. 

9. Attended meeting. Sermons were read. I performed the other 
exercises, and made some remarks after the sermons. I was pretty much 
fatigued, but I believe I received no injur)-. 

10. Read the particulars of the fatal duel between Col. Burr and (ien. 
Hamilton.' Perhaps no event, saving the death of Washington, has excited 
such general regret and mourning in the United States as this. Rode to 
Hartford. 



' If Mr. Robbins had been an older man, land, etc , were named after persons, while a 

or had had a wife of good judgment, he far larger number of names were copied from 

would have kept more quiet until he had re- the old Connecticut towns, like Hartford, 

covered strength. Farmington, Vernon, Simsbury, Windham, 

^ This Capt. Canfield, Judson Canfield, and many more, 

probably gave name to the town of Canfield. ' Hamilton was shot by Burr July 1 1, and 

Many of the towns on the Reserve like died the nc.\t day. This news was nearly 

Rootstown, Hubbard, Harpersfiekl, Clcve- two months in reaching Ohio. 



238 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1804. 

11. Wrote considerabh'. My head is still quite weak. Read the Bible. 
Quite rainy. A ver\- bad season for clearing land. 

12. Rode to Smithficld. Got quite fatigued. At night had something of 
the fever and ague. 

13. Quite poor. Much overdone by my fatigue yesterday. Rode a little 
way. At night had an ague and quite restless. 

14. Very poor and feeble. Took pains to settle an unhappy difference 
between two neighbors. I hope I was successful. Had appointed to go to- 
day to Kinsman to examine some candidates for communion in this church, 
but was unable to go. Sent a notice. Received an affectionate letter from 
my parents. 

15. .\m a little better than yesterday. Afternoon rode to Hartford. 

16. Attended meeting. In the afternoon preached from Heb. i: 2, the 
first time since my sickness." Was obliged to keep my seat. Quite tired. 

17. Rainy. Afternoon rode to Smithfield. Some e.xpectation in this set- 
tlement of obtaining the college which is to be established in this county.^ 

18. Rode to Kinsman. Married a couple of persons. Some families here 
exceedingly distressed with sickness, fever, and ague.^ 

19. Quite a wet season. Several members of the church in Smithfield 
came here, and seven persons were examined and approved for admission into 
the church. At two marriages lately received $2.50. Rode to Smithfield. 

20. Visited. Rode to Hartford. Have considerable care in providing 
for the sacrament. Gave Dr. Wright an order on the Missionary Society for 
fifty dollars, thirteen I owe him for his attendance in my sickness,* for the 
remainder took a due bill. 

21. Wrote to my mother. Had company. Considerable electioneering in 
the county.' 

22. Rode to Smithfield. Began in the afternoon the exercises of a sacra- 
mental occasion. Mr. Badger preached. 

23. A large collection of people ; about sixty communicants.' Admitted 
seven persons into the church. We had a pleasant place in the woods. The 
meeting very attentive and solemn. I preached in the forenoon from Amos 
vi : I, first clause. Mr. Badger preached in the afternoon and evening. Very 
tired. W'as carried through the exercises better than I expected. I adminis- 
tered at one table yesterday. I received a handsome Psalm Book, a present 
from Mrs. Ripley, of Whitestown. 

24. Meeting most as large as yesterday. Preached from Luke xvii : 15. 
The meeting was dismissed about one o'clock. I hope it received the divine 
blessing. 



' He had been present at two or three Sab- there for the physician not to receive pay for 

l>ath services where sermons were read. attendance upon the minister. 

= We have before had intimations of this s -phjs y.^ jj^g autumn for the fifth presi- 

dream about a college, but it w.-is not realized dential election, 
for many years. ^ So they copied and introduced into 

' The fever and ague is tlie curse of new Ohio from Pennsylvania the sacramental oc- 

countries. casion, which was, to say the least, a doubt- 

■* It seems not to have been the custom ful good. 



1804.] MISSIOXARV IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 239 

25. Rode to Kinsman and back. Some families there much afflicted with 
the fever and ague. 

26. Commenced with the people on the subject of the college, which is 
expected soon to be established. Rode to Hartford. 

27. Set out to go to Canfield. Rode to Hubbard. Verj- tired, poorly able 
to ride. 

28. Rode to Canfield. My ride, though fatiguing. I hope will do me no 
injur}-. Very kindly received. 

29. Wrote to Mr. Tower, Forks of Yough. Something rainy. Afternoon 
attended meeting. Mr. Badger preached. Ver\' few people attended. To- 
morrow is appointed for a public sacrament here. The prospect is pretty 
discouraging. This town in a great ferment on account of a town quarrel and 
the approaching election. 

30. Quite cold. Held meeting in an open new house. I preached in the 
forenoon from Acts x.xviii : 24. Mr. Badger preached the sacrament. A good 
number of people. Mr. B. preached in the afternoon. Some of the people 
quite disorderly. Concluded not to have any meeting tomorrow. There is so 
little prospect of having any number to attend. 

October. 

1. Wrote to Col. Perrj-, now of Chariest own, Virginia. Wrote to Mr. 
Oilman,' of Marietta. Mr. Badger set out to attend the Synod at Pittsburgh. 
I e.xpected to have gone had my strength been sufficient. 

2. Wrote records for the church here. Walked about half a mile. Got 
too much worried. 

3. Wrote to Dr. West, of Stockbridge. Rode out. Great electioneering 
on account of the approaching election." 

4. Read newspapers. Began a letter to Esq. Holmes,^ of Litchfield. 
Rode out. 

5. Quite unwell. I believe I have been too attentive to business this 
week. 

6. Rode to Boardman. Visited. Quite cool for the season. 

7. Had a full and attentive meeting. Ven.- tired. This is the first time 
that I have preached twice in a day since my sickness. Preached from Luke 
xii : 20, first clause, and Rom. x : i. 

8. Visited. Many people sowing. Rode to Canfield. 

g. This day is the election for State and count}- offices through this 
State.' Finished my letter to Esq. Holmes. Quite rainy. 25. 



' Mr. Benjamin I. Oilman, who married ' Uriel Holmes, Esq. 

Hannah Robbins, of Plymouth, Mass. * This was the second Tuesday in Octo- 

- The Presidential Electors were then ber, 1S04. As we write in the early days of 

chosen by the State Legislatures, and the October in this Presidential year, 18S4, the 

political campaign was directed by the par- whole country is waiting eagerly for the State 

ties toward securing such legislatures in the election in Ohio on the second Tuesday of 

several States as should carry out their wishes. October, which this year falls October 14. 



24° DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1804. 

10. Rode to China and preached from Luke v: 27, last clause. Returned 
to Canfield. 

11. Quite feeble. Visited. Several Dutch families have moved into this 
town.' 

12. Rode out and visited. I gain strength ver\- little. I think I am 
scarcely any better than I was a fortnight ago. 

13. Wrote considerably. Visited a school. Rode out. 

14. Preached on the doctrine of Original Sin from Rom. v: 18. People 
very attentive. Baptized three children. The first baptisms in this town. 
At e\ening was at a singing meeting. 

15. Quite rainy. Read the Bible. Visited. Many people in this town 
are very friendly to me. 

16. Visited. Rode to Poland. Many New England families are arriving 
in the county." Bought apples for ten a dozen. 

17. Rode out and visited. The Indian harvest rather light. Said to be 
owing to the wet season. Traded. 2.50. 

18. Rode to Warren. I begin to ride in my usual way. A hard shower. 
Got something wet. Roads pretty bad. 

19. For some weeks past many people h.ive been quite sickly. Received 
a letter from my f.ather. Read Boston s' Four/o/d S/afc: Rainy. Wrote. 

20. Wrote to my father. Read newspapers. Walked out and visited. 
The late elections in Connecticut •" have issued favorably. 

21. Pleasant weather after a long turn of wet. Preached from Acts xxviii: 
24 and from Matt, xxvi : 42. Quite tired. 

22. Visited. Wrote to Mr. Strong, of Hartford. Something unwell. 

23. Wrote to Mr. Bacon,^ a missionary lately arri\ed in the count}^ Yes- 
terday was requested to baptize a child of parents who made no profession. 
Refused. 

24. Visited. Rode to Vienna. Bad riding. Wet and cold. Traded. 2.20. 

25. Ten New England families have moved into this town tliis year. Rode 
out. My strength gains. 

26. Read. Wrote. Visited. At evening preached a lecture from Matt. 
Lx: 9, a clause. Quite cold. 

' .\s we understand it he is still making umphed. Unfortunately in Ohio they were 

his home at Hartford. Democratic that year. 

= Then Trumbull County, but now the = Rev. David Bacon, father of the late Dr. 

southern part where Poland is, is a portion Leonard Bacon. He was sent in the summer 

ot Mahonmg County. of iSoo as a missionary to the Indians and 

Thomas Boston, a popular Scotch di- trading companies in the region of Detroit, 

vme, born at Dunse, Berwickshire, 1676. Mich. Here his son Leonard was born in 

He died May 20, 1-32, .it Ettrick, where he February, 1S03. In 1S04 he was tranferred 

was settled m the mmistry. His best known to the Western Reserve, his two-vear old 

work IS his /,>«;•/,./</ St^U, which was pul> boy being carried on his shoulders much of 

hshed 1-20. Other poiralar works -of his in the way. There was a younger child, a babe 

ihcr <lay were T/u- Crook in Ih, I.o!, and the of only a month old. The little family at 

■^''"■,c:<' ot Modern Dn'inity. )ength reached Cleyeland in the fall of 1S04, 

The elections in Connecticut were all after a long and wearisome journey attended 

right because the Federal party had tri- with great hardships. 



1804.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 24I 

27. Wrote to Mr. Flint, of Hartford. 

28. Pretty full meeting. Preached from Gen. vi : 3 and Luke xvi : 5. At 
evening walked out. Received a letter from Dr. Wilco.x, of Hartland. 

29. Worked a little all day helping to raise a log-house. At evening the 
people here met and conversed some on the subject of building a meeting- 
house. 

30. Rode to Hartford. Weather quite warm and pleasant. Twelve fami- 
lies have lately moved into this town from Hartland,' Ct. Visited. 

31. Visited. Afternoon Mr. Badger preached a lecture. My health, 
I think, grows better, but I am not yet at my usual state. May the Lord help 
me more and more. 

NO\'EMBER. 

1. Rode to Smithfield. There appear to have been some late instances 
of serious impressions here. 

2. Rode to Westfield" and preached to eight persons from Matt. i.\ : 9. 
Returned to Hartford. 

3. Wrote to Esq. Holmes, of Litchfield, Ct. Read the Bible. Afternoon 
assisted in raising a log-house. Felt, I hope, in some measure, a spirit of 
prayer for assistance on the approaching Sabbath. 

4. Preached to a large and respectable congregation from Luke xii : 20, 
first clause, and from Isa. xxxv : i. Quite attentive. Very good singing. 
Smithfield ^ and Hartford together is now the largest New England settlement 
in the county. 

5. Read. Afternoon assisted in raising a log-house. Worked too hard. 
It did me an injury. Rode to Smithfield. 

6. Walked out and visited. At evening Mr. Badger and Mr. Bacon, our 
brother missionary, came here. Formed an agreeable acquaintance with Mr. 
Bacon.* 

7. Mr. Bacon has set out to go to Connecticut on foot. He chooses to 
go in that way. Wrote to my parents and to Capt. Ripley, of Whitestown. 
Rode to Hartford. 

8. Visited. Rode to Smithfield. At evening preached from Isa. vi : 9, 
10. People in general here appear to accord with those doctrines which e.\alt 
God and tend to humble creatures. 

9. Rode to Johnston' and preached from Heb. i : 2. Returned to Smith- 



' It is likely that the letters, which for a ^ This remark makes it plain that Smith- 
time had been passing between him and Dr. field, no longer bearing this name, was in the 
Wilco.x, of Hartland, Ct., had reference to immediate neighborhood of Hartford, 
this proposed movement of Hartland families. 'David Bacon was born in Woodstock, 

= Westfield seems to have been some place Ct., baptized Sept. 15, 1771, and died at 

near Hartford in Trumbull County, which Hartford, Ct., Aug. 27, 1S17. He was the 

either was not a township, or if a town, the first missionary to the Indians sent forth by 

name was afterward changed. There is a the Connecticut Missionarj- Society in iSoo. 
Westfield in Morrow County, Ohio, more ' Johnston, named from James Johnston, 

than a hundred miles away from this place of Connecticut, one of the Connecticut Land 

in Trumbull County. Company. 



242 



IlIARY OF RF,V. THOMAS ROBniNS, D.D. [1804. 



field. A hard r.iin. But two families in Johnston. This was the first sermon 
ever preached in the town. 

10. Rode out and visited. Wrote. Quite cool. 

11. Preached from Rom. i: i6, first clause, and from Rom. v: 19, first 
part. At evening attended a conference. Conversed upon difficult, impor- 
tant doctrines. A young man here has lately obtained a hope. He appears 
pretty well. Others are much affected. 

12. Yesterday and today it has snowed considerably. Rode out. People 
have success in killing deer. 

13. Visited families. Rode to Vienna. My health and strength through 
God's mercy are pretty good. 

14. It snowed pretty hard the most of the day. Rode to Warren. The 
county court in session here. 

15. Received a letter from my father. Wrote to my brother James,' now 
a licensed preacher, and a tutor at Williams College. The snow is eight or 
ten inches deep. 

16. Considerable business at court. Litigation increases in the county. 
Rode to Canfield. Quite cold. 

17. Rode out. Read newspapers. Fall crops not yet gathered. 

18. Very- bad going. Quite pleasant. Preached from Acts xxviii : 8. 
Ver\' tired and considerably unwell. People here very stupid. 

19. Warm and pleasant. Snow goes very fast. Drank some cider, the 
first time in this county. 

20. Read newspapers. At evening married a daughter of Capt. Tanner. 
There was a large and agreeable company at the wedding. Received a dollar. 

21. Visited families. The snow is said to have been quite deep in the 
upper part of the county. Apples are considerable plenty here, brought from 
the Ohio.'' 

22. Rode to Poland. The snow mostly gone. Returned to Boardman, 
and preached from Mntt. ix : 9. The settlement in this town increases 
considerably. 

23. Rode to Canfield. Visited a number of families. Preached in an out 
neighborhood from Matt, ix : 9. 

24. Blessed be God who has now preserved me one year in this country. 
May I be made more faithful in his service. Wrote. Read the Bible. 

25. Preached from Psalm xiv : i, first clause, and Rom. i : 16. At even- 
ing received a letter from my cousin ,S. P. Robbins, now at Marietta. 

26. Quite rainy. Wrote to my cousin S. P. Robbins.' Visited. Traded. 
5.18. Things very dear here. 

27. Rode to Hartford. Very bad riding. Quite warm and pleasant for 
the season. 



' James Watson Robbins. 3 Samuel Prince Robbins, before men- 

" From the Ohio River country, the region tioned, son of Dr. Chandler Robbins, of 

about Marietta. Plymouth, graduate of Harvard College, 179S. 



l8o4.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 243 

28. Rode to Smithfield." People here building considerably. Wrote. 
On the iSth received a letter from Dr. Strong, of Hartford. On the 24th 
wrote to Dr. Smith, Forks of Yough. 

29. This day is kept by the people in Sniithfield and Hartford as a day of 
Thanksgiving. I preached from Isa. i ; 2, 3. A large collection of people. 
Quite warm. Saw Mr. Power ^ from the Forks of Yough. 

30. Visited. Rode with Mr. Power to Vienna. A prospect of a good set- 
tlement in Brookfield.^ The fall is closed and I am restored to health. 

December. 

1. Rode to Warren and to Salem.* Very bad riding. No meetings are 
kept at Warren on the Sabbath. 

2. Preached from Heb. i: 2 and Rom. i: 16. People mostly Pennsylva- 
nians. Quite attentive. After meeting crossed the river, and tarried at Mr. 
Cleveland's. Quite cold. 

3. It snowed considerably. Rode to Smithfield. Riding verj- bad and 
dangerous. Great commotion with regard to the division of this county. 

4. I think I am quite as smart for business or fatigue as I was last winter. 
.\t evening preached from Matt, ix : 9. Wrote to Capt. Tanner, of Canfield. 

5. Visited families. Rode to Hartford. Afternoon it snowed quite hard. 
Read newspapers. 

6. Rode to Vienna. The people here appointed this day for a day of 
Thanksgiving. I preached from Isa. i : 2, 3. 

7. Visited. Rode to Hubbard.^ Considerable snow, but warm. I have 
a pretty hard cold. 

8. Rode out. Read. The people considerably divided here in religious 
opinions. 

9. Preached from Acts x.xviii : 24 and Rom. i : 16. Quite cold. Am so 
hoarse with my cold that I speak with difficulty. At exening wrote to my 
parents. 

10. Visited. I hope the way may appear before long for the formation of 
a church in this town. At evening Mr. Badger came here. 

11. Rode to Warren. Was soon called to see a dying woman. Continued 
with her till she expired. A most solemn occasion. The first person, except- 
ing a man hung,' that I ever saw die.' 



' Mr. Aaron E. Austin, son of ."^aion already several times mentioned, was given 

Austin, who gave the name to Austinburgh, prob.abIy in honor of Nehemiah Hubbiid, 

Ohio, and who was born in that town 1S04, Jr., one of the Connecticut Land company, 
and is still living, says that the old town of ^ This was the Indian murderer whose e.\- 

Smithfield is the present town of Vernon in ecution he witnessed at Whitestown, .'\pril 

Trumbull County. 26, iSoi. 

' Rev. James Power. ' Mr. Robbins was now twenty-seven years 

^ Brookfield is the township next to Hart- old, and though never a settled minister, he 

ford on the south in Trumbull County. had been stated supply for longer or shorter 

* The present town of Salem, Ohio, is in periods in several places. It is a little re- 

Columbiana County, south of Warren, some markable that he had never before, either 

twenty-five miles. It is probable that the among his kindred and family friends, or 

Salem he visited was some locahty near among the people whom he temporarily had 

Warren. in charge, seen a person die. He was aftcr- 

5 The name of this town, which has been wards many times at the bedside of the dying. 



244 niARV OF KEV. THOMAS ROBCINS, D.D. [1804. 

12. Wrote to Mr. Strong, of Hartford. Se\ere cold. 

13. Attended a funeral. 'I'alked some, sung, and prayed. The Pennsyl- 
vanians are not generally used to having prayer at funerals.' Walked out. 
Read the Bible. 

14. Rode out and visited. My hoarseness abates in some measure. The 
electors for President in Massachusetts '^ are Democrats. The first instance in 
which Democracy has ever triumphed in that State. 

15. Visited a school. Warm. Read the Bible. 25. 

16. Ver)' cold and blustering. Preached from Matt, ix : g. Had but one 
exercise. Am much better of my cold, but still am something hoarse. 

17. Read the Bible. Walked out and visited. Extreme cold. Wrote. 

18. Crossed the Mahoning on the ice, and rode to the upper part of the 
town. Visited. It snowed some. 

19. Rode to Nelson.' The most difficult riding I have ever found in the 
countr)-. At evening preached from Matt, ix : 9. Very much fatigued. 

20. This most severe cold we have had this year, and I think that I have 
ever seen in this countrj-. Rode to Middlefield.'' Had very fearful apprehen- 
sions of lying out,^ but the Lord took care of nie. 

21. Rode to Burton.' From Warren here I have had much the most diffi- 
cult and laborious travel I have ever had in this country. Snow about a foot 
deep, no path, waters higli and partly frozen, ground soft and the weather 
extremely cold, and almost the whole way in lonely woods where I had never 
been. Thanks be to God who has been my gracious Preserver. 

22. Wrote considerably. It snows almost daily. Tarried with Esq. Noyes. 

23. Preached from Heb. i: 2 and Rom. i: 16. People quite generally at 
meeting. They appear to be much gratified in being visited. This town I 
believe has not had its proportion of missionary service. 

24. They have a large and very good frame raised here for an academy.' 
Rode out and visited. 

25. Read the Bible. Was invited to an entertainment with a number of 
people, it being Christmas. The people however are not Episcopalians." 

26. Read. Visited. Quite cold. Very good traveling where the roads 
are used. 

27. It snowed considerably. Rode out. Preached from Matt, ix : 9. 
Read. 



' Services at funerals in old times, and .ible to reach any dwelling. That is a fear- 

even now, differ greatly in different parts of fnl experience on a winter's night in those 

the country. l„„ely and far-spreading fields of the west. 

" .\nd the man that Massachusetts voted » Burton is one of the central towns of 

for for President that year (1S04), was the Geauga County. 

same Thomas Jefferson that she looked up- ' These settlers had carried to the Con- 
on w,th such horror and dread in iSoo. necticut Reserve, the Connecticut zeal for 
' In the northeast corner of Tortage education. 
""" \' „ ^ , , ^ ^" 'hose days Christmas was not usually 
Middlef^eki was midway on the eastern observed in this country except by Episcopa- 
lmei>fGe.iuga County. Hans. In many country towns Christmas 
I hat IS, of losmg his way and not being came and went w ithout recognition. 



1S04.] MrSSIOXARY IX NEW C( >XNF.CTICUT. 24$ 

28. Read the Bible. Visited. At evening preached from Acts viii : S. I 
have seldom had so many hearers at an evening meeting. 

29. It snowed all day. Wrote. The people of this town generally came 
here pretty poor. They are now generally living comfortably, but are not 
forehanded. They are industrious. The center of the town is a verj- hand- 
some situation. 

30. Quite cold and stormy. Full meeting. Preached from 2 Tim. iii : 9, 
first clause, and 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. But two or three professors of religion in 
this town. 

31. \\'rote all day. The snow is quite eighteen inches deep and ver\- 
solid. God has graciously preserved me through another year. I have this 
year passed through as great a variety of scenes perhaps as in any one of my 
life. I have had no home. I have seen no family relation, and may almost 
say I have no resting-place. I have been visited with sore sickness, but ever\- 
favor was provided for my help and restoration, and having obtained help of 
God I am preserved and restored to health. 



248 DIARY (JF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1805. 

and eleclionecring wliicli has deluged our countrv' is sinking our national 
character to speedy contempt, and our free government to certain ruin." 

17. Warm. It thawed quite fast all day. Preached from Matt. i.x : 9. 
Walked out. Some families lately moved into this town live pretty poor. 

18. Rode to Mesopotamia. Visited. It snowed considerably. Conversed 
upon difficult religious subjects. 

19. Rode out. E.xtreme cold. Read President Adams's Defence of the 
Amencan Constitutiims. Bad crossing streams. 

20. Rode to Windsor and preached from Rom. xiv : 7 and Matt, x.xvi : 42. 
At e\ening rode to .Mesopotamia, and preached from Rom. xiv: 10, last 
clause. People in Windsor appear to be very thoughtless. 

21. Most extreme cold. Rode through the woods to Middlefield. Froze 
one of my ears. Preached from John iv : 15. People generally attended. 

iz. Rode to Wooster.^ Koimd some formerly Norfolk people. On the 
29th of July last there was a great windfall in all this part of the country. 

24. The people here are very stupid with regard to serious things, and 
have erroneous principles. Preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. The first sennon 
ever preached in the town.' Rainy all day. Rode to Burton. 

25. The snow thaws and the streams rise ver}' fast. Wrote. Visited. At 
evening preached from i Cor. ii : 4, 5. 

26. Rode to Middlefield, and preached in a small neighborhood from 
Matt. ixrg. Returned to Burton. Waters quite high. 

27. Preached from Acts .wii : 31, last clause, and Jer. viii : 20. People 
appear quite attentive and serious. Very much fatigued with my labors for a 
week past. Read the Life of jfoseph* 

28. Rode out and visited families. Verj- comfortable winter weather. 
Considerably unwell. 

29. Quite stormy. At evening a number of the people here met and ex- 
pressed a wish that I would hereafter take the charge of the academy which 
they are erecting, and be their minister. I gave very little encouragement. 

30. Rode through the woods to Bondstown' and to Perkinton.' Had 
company on the road. At Bondstown was thrown violently from my horse. 
My teeth were hurt considerably. 

31. Warm. Afternoon preached from Heb. i : 2. A few serious people 
here. A small Pennsylvania settlement. 



' It was very hard, as we have before inti- ^ It is worthy of special notice, as showing 

mated, for the Old Federalists to see power the newness of the countr}', how often Mr. 

pass out of their hands, and still keep up a Robbins preaches the first sermon ever 

cheerful courage. Ohio had gone Demo- preached in the place. 

cratic, but the grave fears of the writer of * This being the second allusion to the 

the diary were not realized. IJf of Joseph, we were led to infer that it 

= Woostcr is in Wayne County, one of was a book by itself, and not the Bible story 

the tier of counties immediately south of the of Joseph. He refers to a poem by John 

Reserve. It is the shire town of that county. McGowan, entitled Life of Joseph, Son of 

It was then very new, .as Mr. Robbins was Israel, in eight books, 1803. 

the first man to preach there. It was quite a ' Neither of these places are towns, or 

journey for Mr. Kobbins to make in the dead even post office localities, in the present State 

ot wmter to reach Woostcr. of Ohio. 



iSoj.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNF.CTICIT. 249 

February. 

1. Rode to Bondstown and preached from Matt, ix : 9. The first sermon 
ever preached in the town.' A good woman told me she had not heard a 
sermon before for ahnost two vears and a half. Returned to Perkinton. 

2. Rode to Painesville,- r.nd preached from John iv: 15. Rode to Men- 
tor.^ Had considerable conversation with an ignorant infidel. 

3. Rode to Painesville, and preached from John xi : 23 and Rom. i: 16. 
Attended the funeral of a child. The forenoon discourse adapted to the occa- 
sion. Ver\- cold. Last night had a pretty hard lodging. 

4. Yesterday received a letter from Mr. Chapman/ formerly a missionar}- 
in this county. Rode to Carlton.' Tarried at Mr. Abbott's. He would not 
let me perform any religious exercises in his family.^ I shall not tarrj' with 
him again on the same terms without necessity. 

5. Rode to Euclid and Cleveland.' The riding generally ven- good. 

6. Preached from Hab. i : 62. A ver}' good number of people attended. 
They appear to be pleased to be visited, and an.xious to have me come again. 
They keep meetings steadily on the Sabbath. 

7. Rode to Euclid, preached from Matt, ix : 9. Baptized a child. Sev- 
eral serious people in this town. A prospect of a good settlement. 

8. Rode to Carlton. Preached from 2 Tim. ii : 19. The first sermon 
ever preached in the town. 

9. Rode to Kirtland,' and preached from Matt, ix : 9. The first sermon 
ever preached in the town. Rode to Mentor. Had some conversation with a 
stupid, cross infidel. 

10. Preached from Acts viii : 8 and Luke xv : 17. A good number of 
people. Reproved some men for trading on the Sabbath. The people in 
this vicinity are much inclining to infidelity and immorality. Have rode the 
week past more than fifty miles. 

11. Rode to Perkinton and preached to a few people from John vi : 48. 
Warm. The snow thaws fast. Rode to Painesville. .The river ver\' hard 
frozen. 

12. Very warm and pleasant. Rode out. Missed my way and lost the 
travel of several miles. Visited a school well regulated and instructed. 
Preached from Matt, ix : 9. A good number of people. 

13. The ground begins to appear considerably, having been covered since 



' Mr. Robbins calls Bondstown .1 town, ■* Rev. Ezekiel J. Chapman, a native of 

but its name must afterward have been Saybrook, Ct., graduate of Vale, 1799, one of 

changed. the very early missionaries sent to the Con- 

= Painesville is near the shore of Lake necticut Reserve. Rev. Jedediah Bushnell, 

Erie, and in the present Lake County. This another early and prominent missionar}> was 

county has been made out of Geauga and from .Saybrook. 

Cuyahoga Counties, since the original settle- ^ Carlton is a place not now found in the 

ments. Edward Paine, one of the early ad- Ohio list of towns. 

venturers in these parts, probably gave the *■ He had the same experience here as 

name to Painesville. with a Mr. Fowler, before mentioned. 

^ Mentor is just west of Painesville, now ' Euclid and Cleveland near together, both 

so well known as the home of President in Cuyahoga County. 
Garfield. ' Kirtland is in Lake County. 



248 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [l8o5- 

and electioneering which has deluged our countrj- is sinking our national 
character to speedy contempt, and our free government to certain ruin.' 

17. Warm. It thawed quite fast all day. Preached from Matt, ix : 9. 
Walked out. Some families lately moved into this town live pretty poor. 

18. Rode to Mesopotamia. Visited. It snowed considerably. Conversed 
upon difficult religious subjects. 

19. Rode out. E.xtreme cold. Read President Adams's Defence of the 
American Constitutions. Bad crossing streams. 

20. Rode to Windsor and preached from Rom. xiv : 7 and Matt, .xxvi : 42. 
At evening rode to Mesopotamia, and preached from Rom. xiv: 10, last 
clause. People in Windsor appear to be very thoughtless. 

21. Most extreme cold. Rode through the woods to Middlefield. Froze 
one of my ears. Preached from John iv : 15. People generally attended. 

22. Rode to Wooster.^ Found some formerly Norfolk people. On the 
29tli of July last there was a great windfall in all this part of the country. 

24. The people here are very stupid with regard to serious things, and 
have erroneous principles. Preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. The first sermon 
ever preached in the town.' Rainy all day. Rode to Burton. 

25. The snow thaws and the streams rise very fast. Wrote. Visited. At 
evening preached from i Cor. ii : 4, 5. 

26. Rode to Middleiield, and preached in a small neighborhood from 
Matt, ix : 9. Returned to Burton. Waters quite high. 

27. Preached from Acts xvii : 31, last clause, and Jer. viii : 20. People 
appear quite attentive and serious. Very much fatigued with my labors for a 
week past. Read the Life of 'Joseph.'' 

28. Rode out and visited families. Verj- comfortable winter weather. 
Considerably unwell. 

29. Quite stormy. At evening a number of the people here met and ex- 
pressed a wish that I would hereafter take the charge of the academy which 
they are erecting, and be their minister. I gave very little encouragement. 

30. Rode through the woods to Bondstown^ and to Perkinton.' Had 
company on the road. At Bondstown was thrown violently from my horse. 
My teeth were hurt considerably. 

31. Wann. Afternoon preached from Heb. i : 2. A few serious people 
here. A small Pennsylvania settlement. 



' It was very hard, as we have before inti- ^ It is worthy of special notice, as showing 

mated, for the Old Federalists to see power the newness of the country, how often Mr. 

pass out of their hands, and still keep up a Robbins preaches the first sermon ever 

cheerful courage. Ohio had gone Demo- preached in the place. 

cratic, but the grave fears of the writer of * This being the second allusion to the 

the diary were not realized. Life of fosep/i, we were led to infer that it 

^ Wooster is in Wayne County, one of was a book by itself, and not the Bible story 

the tier of counties immediately south of the of Joseph. He refers to a poem by John 

Reserve. It is the shire town of that county. McGowan, entitled Life of Joseph, Son of 

It was then very new, as Mr. Robbins was Israel, in eight books, 1803. 

the first man to preach there. It was quite a ' Neither of these places are towns, or 

journey for Mr. Robbins to make in the dead even post office localities, in the present State 

of winter to reach Wooster. of Ohio. 



1S05.] MISSIONARY IX NEW CONXECTICTT. 249 

February. 

1. Rode to Bondstown and preached from Matt, ix : 9. The first sermon 
ever preached in the town.' A good woman told me she had not heard a 
sermon before for almost two years and a half. Returned to Perkinton. 

2. Rode to Painesville," and preached from John iv : 15. Rode to Men- 
tor.^ Had considerable conversation with an ignorant infidel. 

3. Rode to Painesville. and preached from John .xi : 23 and Rom. i: 16. 
Attended the funeral of a child. The forenoon discourse adapted to the occa- 
sion. Ver\- cold. Last night had a pretty hard lodging. 

4. Yesterday received a letter from Mr. Chapman/ formerly a missionary- 
in this county. Rode to Carlton.' Tarried at Mr. Abbott's. He would not 
let me perform any religious exercises in his family.' I shall not tarr}' with 
him again on the same terms without necessity. 

5. Rode to Euclid and Cleveland.' The riding generally ver}- good. 

6. Preached from Hab. i : 62. A ver\- good number of people attended. 
They appear to be pleased to be visited, and anxious to have me come again. 
They keep meetings steadily on the Sabbath. 

7. Rode to Euclid, preached from Matt, ix : 9. Baptized a child. Sev- 
eral serious people in this town. A prospect of a good settlement. 

8. Rode to Carlton. Preached from 2 Tim. ii : 19. The first sermon 
ever preached in the town. 

9. Rode to Kirtland,' and preached from Matt, ix : 9. The first sermon 
ever preached in the town. Rode to Mentor. Had some conversation with a 
stupid, cross infidel. 

10. Preached from Acts viii : 8 and Luke .xv : 17. A good number of 
people. Reproved some men for trading on the Sabbath. The people in 
this vicinity are much inclining to infidelity and immoralit\-. Have rode the 
week past more than fifty miles. 

11. Rode to Perkinton and preached to a few people from John vi : 48. 
Warm. The snow thaws fast. Rode to Painesville. .The river ver}- hard 
frozen. 

12. Very warm and pleasant. Rode out. Missed my way and lost the 
travel of several miles. Visited a school well regulated and instructed. 
Preached from Matt, ix : g. A good number of people. 

13. The ground begins to appear considerably, having been covered since 



' Mr. Robbins calls Bondstown a town, ■* Rev. Ezekiel J. Chapman, a native of 

but its name must afterward have been Saybrook, Ct., graduate of Yale, 1799, one of 

changed. the verj' early missionaries sent to the Con- 

- Painesville is near the shore of Lake necticut Reserve. Rev. Jedediah Bushnell, 

Erie, and in the present Lake County. This another early and prominent missionar}-, was 

county has been made out of Geauga and from Saybrook. 

Cuyahoga Counties, since the original settle- ' Carlton is a place not now found in the" 

ments. Edward Paine, one of the early ad- Ohio list of towns. 

venturers in these parts, probably gave the ' He had the same e.xperience here as 

name to Painesville. with a Mr. Fowler, before mentioned. 

^ Mentor is just west of Painesville, now ' Euclid and Cleveland near together, both 

so well known as the home of President in Cuyahoga County, 

flarfield. ° Kirtland is in Lake County. 



,co DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1805. 

the 2d of December. Rode to Harpersfield." Streams breaking up and high. 
Quite fatigued with my labors for some time past. 

14. Finished my letter to my father, which I began January 14. I have 
not found time to finish it before now. Last night considerable of a thunder- 
shower. Read a newspaper. Walked out and visited. 

I -. Read. The people here appear to be not very- well agreed with regard 
to society matters. Visited a school. Preached from 2 Tim. ii. The 
weather has again become quite cold and tedious. 

16. Wrote to Mr. Strong, of Hartford. Find old Norfolk friends. 

17. Preached e.xtenipore on new subjects both parts of the day from Rom. 
.\: 20 and Matt, x: 32. Full meeting. People quite attentive. 

18. Rode out. Preached from Matt, ix : 9. Some people here appear 
to be much opposed to Mr. Badger. 

19. Rode to Austinburgh.^ Preached from John vi : 37. At evening 
attended a conference. Considerable of the bodily exercise appears here yet. 
The effects of the revival last winter appear to be good. 

20. Wrote. Visited a school. Rode out and visited. Visits of neighbors 
here are generally devoted to religious conversation. 

21. Visited. Quite warm and pleasant. Rode to the south part of the 
town. Some difficulties exist in the church here. At evening attended a 
conference. 

22. The snow goes fast. Afternoon preached from Matt, ix : g. The 
people here sing hymns very well. 

2^. Visited a school. Rode to Morgan. Tarried with my old classmate 
Battell.' 

24. Mr. Badger was with me and preached in the forenoon. I preached 
in the afternoon and evening from Rom. xiv : 10, last clause, and Gal. v: 22. 
There appear to be some evils existing here. I preached very plainly to the 
people, and we had a ver)- solemn and may God grant it a profitable day. 

2!;. Visited a number of families. Preached in an out neighborhood from 
Matt, xxvi : 42. 

26. Yesterday traded. 6.00. The snow appears to be going off by dry 
warm weather, which is a great favor. Rode to Somers." Had company on 
the way. The riding ver)- bad. Streams just broke up and very high. 

27. Rode to Gustavus.' Preached from Matt, ix : 9. Something rainy. 

28. Rode to Smithfield. Received a letter from my parents, accompanied 
with a pair of boots and a pair of stockings, brought by Dr. Wright' 



' In Ashtabula County. * Somers, so named doubtless from Som- 

'Austinburgh and Morgan, adjoining towns ers, Ct., is another of those places whose 

in .Ashtabula County, ivere largely settled at name seems to have departed. 

the first by people from Litchfield County, ^ Gustavus, in Trumbull County, already 

Ct, especially from the towns of Torrington noticed. 

and New Hartford. ' Dr. Wright came from Norfolk. In fact 

' Josiah Buckingham Battell, from Tor- Xorfolk seems to have furnished Western 

rington, Ct., already noticed. emigrants in great numbers. 



1805.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 25 1 

March. i 

1. Wrote considerably. Good weather for making sugar. Walked out 
and visited. 

2. On the 26th ult. received a letter from Mr. Flint, of Hartford, inform- 
ing me that the Missionary Societ}- have appointed me for another year to 
itinerate in this counU-. 

3. Preached from i Cor. ii : 4, 5 and Matt, x : 32. A general stupidity 
and inattention to the concerns of religion seems to have prevailed here much 
the winter past. 

4. Quite weak and unwell. 

5. Rode to Hartford. Visited families. The snow gone. The riding 
ver}- bad. 

6. Rode out. It rained some. At evening preached from 2 Tim. ii : 19. 

7. Rode to Smithfield. Had appointed to preach on the east side of the 
creek, but could not get over on account of high water. 

8. Wrote considerably. Last night a ver)' hard rain. At evening 
preached from Ps. xiv : 1. In crossing a stream which was high I was 
thrown from my horse, but fell on a bank, and was not hurt nor much wet. 
Rainy with considerable thunder. 

9. The people in this and the neighboring towns are trying to raise 
money to procure preaching. Walked out. Showery. Remarkably warm 
and sultr)-. The frogs peep.' 

10. Rode to Kinsman. Got quite wet with rain. Was carried across the 
creek in a canoe. Could not get my horse across. Preached once from Matt, 
xviii : 3. But few hearers. Returned to Smithfield. Very wet and bad 
riding. The streams higher than has been before known. 

11. It snowed some. Worked considerably. W'rote. 

12. Quite cold. Went to the east side of the town, carried over the creek 
in a canoe, and preached from Matt, ix : 9. Visited families. 

13. Visited a number of families. The prospect of society regulations 
here is more encouraging than I have feared. Recrossed the creek. 

14. Rode to Hartford. Preached from Matt, ix : 9. The ground some- 
thing frozen, and the riding ven,- bad. 

15. Rode to Vienna. Worked some with the people on the road. .At 
evening preached from Matt, xvi : 24. The Methodists appear to be wishing 
to get an influence here, but I think they will not succeed. Read Winches- 
ter's Dialogues' 

16. Rode out. Visited an afiflicted family. The man was killed last Janu- 
ar\-, by the fall of a tree. Am taking the number of families in the different 
settlements in the county. Received a letter from my parents. The past 
winter has been extraordinarily severe in New England. 

17. Very warm for the season. More than an hundred people at meeting. 



■ This was a sound which he had been 17S6, by Rev. EInathan Winchester. He 

wont to hear in his native State, and not far was a Restorationist minister, born in Brook- 

from this same time of year. line, Mass., 1751, and died at Hartford, Ct., 

" Universal Restoration in Four Dialo-^iies, April, T797. 



252 DIARY OK KEV. THOMAS KOIIBIN'S, D.D. [1805. 

Preached from Rom. x: 20 and Rom. i: 16. At evening visited an aged 
woman, jiroljably near her end. 

18. Visited famiHes in Brookfield.' .\ssisted in raising a large log-house. 
Returned to Vienna. 

19. Quite uncomfortably warm. Preached from Jcr. 1 : 34. The mud 
dries ver\- fast. The people here are calculating to build a good framed 
school-house to be used for meetings. They ha\e signed eighty dollars to 
hire preaching. Visited a school. 

20. Rode to Tirookfield and preached from Matt, i.x : 9. The first sermon 
ever preached in the town. The people in the eastern part of this town can 
convenientlv belong to Mr. Satterfiekrs" congregation over the State line. 
Rode to Hartford. 

21. Conversed with several people who are professors of religion on the 
subject of joining with the church here. Cold. Some snow. 

22. Rode to Smithfield and preached ' from Matt, .xvi : 24. A serious 
meeting. In the forenoon visited a school in Hartford. Conversed seriously 
with some ]ieople on the importance of family religion. 

23. Wrote to Mr. Strong, of Hartford, requesting the Missionary Society 
to send out a preacher to be employed in Smithfield, Hartford, and Vienna. 
Am feeble, but better than I was yesterday. Rode to Hartford. 

24. Had a large and attentive audience. Preached closely from John vi : 
37 and Rom. xiv : 10. Quite tired. Propounded three persons for church- 
members. 

25. Rode to Smithfield. Visited a number of families. Quite warm. 
People beginning to plow. Conversed with some persons under serious 
impressions. 

26. Rode to Canfield to see a sick man. Streams have got quite low for 
the season. Vegetables coming forward quite fast. The snow was wholly 
gone about the lolh inst. 

27. Several persons in this town appear to be seriously impressed. Vis- 
ited families. Received a letter from my cousin Sam. P. at Marietta. 

28. Wrote to my parents. Visited families. Afternoon preached from 
Rev. .\x : 15. Had a serious conversation with the church-members, and 
some persons under serious impressions. The serious people here appear 
engaged to call on the Lord for help. 

29. Read newspapers. Judge Chase,' having been impeached and tried 
before the Senate of the United States, is acquitted by a majority on all the 



■ lirookfield was on the eastern border of Judge was a bold, able man, but somewhat 

the county touchuig the Pennsylvania line. overbearing. John Randolph undertook to 

- Rev. James Satterfield, Presbyterian impeach him for various misdemeanors. He 

minister. was acquitted by the Honse of Representa- 

' .Samuel Chase, one of the Judges of the lives on five counts by a majority vote, and 

Supreme Court of United States, was born on the other three counts the requisite two 

in Maryland, .\pril 17, 1741. His father was thirds vote would not be secured. His trial 

an Episcopal minister of England, who came ended March 5, 1805. So the case was just 

to this countrv and settled in Marvland. The concluded. 



1805.] MISSIONARY IN NEW ClJNNECTICUT. 2C3 

charges taken together of twenty-two to twelve. On one article nineteen said 
guilty, and fifteen not guilty. Rode out. Visited families. 

30. Rode to Liberty. Forded the Mahoning, quite deep and difficult. 
Vegetation comes on considerably. Preached from Matt, xvi : 24. Several 
people in this vicinity are seceders. 

31. Rode to Hubbard. Preached to a large and attentive meeting from 
John vi : 37 and Matt, x: 32. The most of the serious people here are Meth- 
odists or Baptists. At evening attended a singing meeting. 



1. Wrote all day. Weather very warm. At evening walked out and 
visited. The prospect for society regulations here is pretty discouraging. 

2. Rode to Hopewell, and preached on the occasion of the quarterlv 
concert of prayer, which is generally attended to by the Presbyterian churches 
in this part of the country-. Preached from Matt, vi ; 10. Tarried with Mr. 
Wick." 

3. Rode to Hubbard. Visited a school, and preached from Matt, ix : 9. 
Visited. Very favorable weather for business. Saw blossoms on peach-trees 

4. Rode out and visited a number of families. The Methodists here 
profess to be friendly. 

5. Visited a school, and preached from John vii : 34. Conversed with 
some people of different denominations on serious subjects. 

6. Visited families. Wrote to Mr. Badger. My strength and appetite 
appear to fail as the season advances. 

7. Preached largely on the doctrine of Divine Sovereignty from Rom. 
x: 20. Was favored with unusual fullness of expression and clearness of 
illustration. Several Methodists were present. After meeting rode to Brook- 
field, and preached a third sermon to a pretty large collection of people from 
Acts xxviii : 24. Conversed considerably with a bigoted, ignorant Methodist. 

8. Warm. Rode to Hartford. Conversed with serious people on the 
Christian walk. Many people here appear very stupid." 

g. Rode to Smithfield. Quite rainy. Afternoon attended a cluirch 
conference. This church have now concluded to have regular, monthly con- 
ferences. I hope they may be attended with a good effect. 

10. Rode to Kinsman, and preached from Matt, xvi: 24. At evening 
preached again from i Cor. ii : 4. Some people here appear to be something 
attentive to serious thinirs. 



' Rev. William Wick, before mentioned, brother, who had entered the wilderness a 

a Presbyterian minister, who is said to have few weeks before me, and whose family was 

preached the first sermon on the Western the only one in Coitsville." 

Reserve. We suppose Mr. Wick to be the Coitsville (now in Mahoning County) was 

man o£ whom Rev. Joseph Badger, on his then one of the towns of Trumbull County 

journey to New Connecticut in 1801, thus bordering on Pennsylvania, 

speaks : " I soon fell on the open line be- ' We have suggested, in a previous note, 

tween Pennsylvania and Ohio, and arrived that the word stupid in this connection means 

at the residence of a reverend Presbyterian simply dull and indifferent in religious things. 



254 



DIARY OK RKV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1805. 



11. Rode to Smithfield, and preached from Acts vii : 34. The people 
here generally appear very stupid. Visited a young man who has a bad 
broken limb. 

12. Quite warm. Yesterday morning a hard frost, but it is hoped the fruit 
is not mucli injured. Rode to Hubbard. Preached in the evening from Rev. 
x.\ : 15. Saw Mr. Badger. He expects to go on a short mission to the Wy- 
andot Indians the ensuing summer. 

13. Rode to Canfield.' Very tired. The riding pretty good. The pros- 
pect of grain is very encouraging. The last season being very unfavorable for 
seeding there appears to be more on the ground than was expected. 

14. Had a full and solemn meeting. I have never seen the appearance of 
the people here so solemn before. Preached from Amos vi : 1 and Rom. xiv : 
10. Several appear to be very deeply affected. At evening preached again 
from Acts vii : 34. 

15. Visited a good many families. There appear to be six or seven peo- 
ple, who are heads of families, in deep concern for their souls. 

16. Wrote considerably. Wrote to Mr. G. H. Tower, Forks of Yough. 
Rode out and visited. 

17. Ver\- warm and dry weather. Rode to Poland. Traded. 10.00. Vis- 
ited. Many people here appear gratified to see me. I have not preached 
here for nearly a year. 

18. Rode to Boardman and preached from Matt, xvi : 24. Quite poor 
riding. Rode to Canfield. 

19. The air appears to be almost tilled with fires and smoke. A verj- 
fa\orable time for burning. Preached to a very solemn audience from Esther 
iv : 16, last clause. 

20. Rode to China and preached from Esther iv : 16. Returned to Can- 
field. A hard shower. Got quite wet. 

2:. Rode to Boardman and preached from John vi : 37 and Matt, x : 32. 
Many people attended meeting from Canfield, though the day was unfavor- 
able. After meeting rode to Poland, and preached from Rom. i: 16. With 
some cold taken yesterday and my speaking, I contracted a great hoarseness. 
Ver)- tired. 

22. Rode to Canfield. Visited a school. I beliexe the most forward one 
in the county. Had appointed to preach, but my hoarseness was such that I 
could not. 

23. Visited thirteen famiHes. The work of God appears to be gloriously 
increasing. 

24. Rode to Liberty. Visited a school, and preached from Esther iv : 16. 
Rainy. 

25. Rode to Hartford. A hard rain. Several people in ditTerent places 
are sickly. 

26. Rode to Vienna and Liberty. \\'as stopped several times with show- 
ers. Bad riding. My health quite good for the season. 



' Canfield, which has been often men- Mr. Judson Canfield, one of the early pur- 
tioned, was so named, as we suppose, from chasers of these lands on the Reserve. 



1S05.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 255 

27. Rode to Warren. E.xcepting at Canfield it appears to be generally a 
very stupid time with regard to religion. Received this Almanack sent from 
home. Received a letter from my brother James, and one from Col. Perry, 
Charlestown, Va. Read newspapers. 

28. Preached in the western part of the town from John vi : 37 and Matt. 
X : 32. But few hearers. Waters quite high. 

29. Rode to Braceville, and preached from Esther iv : 16. The first ser- 
mon ever preached in the town. Returned to Warren.' 

30. For several mornings past we have had pretty hard frosts. Read the 
Bible. Wrote. 



1. Wrote considerably. Afternoon preached from Acts vii : 34. The 
people generally appear to be very stupid. 

2. Very warm for the season. Rode to Howland,^ and preached from 
Matt, x: 32. Several of the people here are Baptists. 

3. Very warm. Rode to Hartford. Have some cold in consequence of 
taking off my flannel yesterday. At evening preached to a good number of 
people from 2 Tim. iii : 16, first clause. 

4. Had some clothing made. Rainy. Rode to Vienna, and preached to 
a few people from John xiv : 6. Caught a considerable addition to my cold. 

5. Rode to Warren. Preached from Rom. i: 16 and Esther iv : 16. 
A large number of people at meeting. 

6. A pretty hard frost. Had appointed to go and preach at Newton, but 
my pain and lameness is such that I am unable. Spent the forenoon with 
Mr. G. Granger. Wrote records of this church. Walked out. 

7. Wrote. Rode to Salem. Preached from Num. x : 29. The few 
people in this town conversed agreeably. Last evening received a letter from 
my cousin S. P. Robbins.^ He has received a call to settle at Marietta. I 
hope he will accept. 

8. Rode to Youngstown." Showery. Preached in the meeting-house 
from Rom. x: 50. The first time I have preached in a meeting-house in this 
country.' 

9. Rode to Canfield and preached a sacramental lecture from Rev. xvi : 15. 
10. Rode to Poland and preached from Jer. 1 : 34. Two women in the 

house quite sick. Very tired. 



' Mr. Robbins confines his labors chiefly, Trumbull County, so named from Joseph 

it will be observed, to a circuit of towns in Howland, one of the Land Company. 
Trumbull County, while his associate, Rev. ^ He was then tutor at Williams College. 

Joseph Badger, was doing the same, as we * Youngstown was then in Trumbull 

suppose, in Ashtabula County. These t%vo County, now, by the division of the county, 

counties bordering on Pennsylvania had, at in Mahoning County. 

that time, received more population from the ' As he had been preaching four or five 

East than any other counties on the Reserve, times a week for more than a year and a half, 

though there were small settlements in al- this fact alone shows the newness of the 

most all parts of the Reserve. country. The whole region was just out of 

^ Howland is a town near the center of the primitive state. 



2-6 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1805. 

11. Rode to Canfiekl. Warm and showery. In Poland went to see a 
furnace which is nearly ready for blowing. 1 hope they may succeed well. If 
so it will be very beneficial to this country. .\t evening assisted the members 
of the church in examining three women for communion. I have rarely ex- 
amined any who gave better satisfaction. 

12. Had a very full and solemn meeting. The most so of any that has 
ever been in this 'town. Admitted three women into the church. Adminis- 
tered the sacrament. Several members of the church at Youngstown com- 
muned with us. Many people very much affected, and all the congregation 
ver)' attentive and solemn. Preached from Xum. x: 29 and Gen. vii : 16, 
last clause. Met in a barn with very convenient accommodations. 

13. Visited, particularly those who are oppressed with sin. None at 
present appear to get relief from their burdens. 

14. In the morning considerably unwell. Walked out. Wrote. Visited. 

15. Wrote the most of the day. Rainy. The weather very unsteady. 
Read newspapers. 

16. Visited a sick woman. Afternoon attended a conference. Quite 
rainy. The people were very much alarmed by two children being lost. 
They were found just at dark. Saw some people late from Warren, Ct. 

17. Wrote to my parents. Some vile characters here are trying to make 
difficulty among the members of the church. Afternoon preached from Matt.. 
xvii : 5, latter clause. 

18. Visited. Wrote. Rode to Stanford,' and preached from Matt, xvii : 5. 
The first sermon ever preached in the town. Returned to Canfield. 

19. Meeting nearly as numerous as last Sabbath. Preached from Rom. 
X : 20 and from Eccles. xii : i, first clause. Baptized two children. At the 
eastern part of the town preached a third sermon on the account of a sick 
woman, from I sa. Ixiii: I, last clause. Wrote. VeiT tired. The people here 
have appointed a committee, of which I am one, to procure a preacher. 

20. The ground ver)- wet. Visited some of the Dutch families in the 
town. Preached towards night from John xiv : 14. But few hearers. Re- 
ceived a letter from Mr. Moore of this town. He appears to be an enemy to 
reli"-ion and to me. It appears that he wishes to draw me into a correspond- 
ence, but I conclude to take no notice of it. 

21. Quite rainy. Rode out and visited. The most of the people here are 
inquisitive about serious things. 

22. Rode to Deerfield. Roads very wet and muddy. Preached from Gen. 
vii: 16. The people collected very well upon a short notice. Spent the 
evening with Mr. Bostwick without any altercation. 

23. Rode through the woods to Warren. Tarried with Maj. Perkins. 
Conversed considerably about county matters. Spent the evening with Gen. 
Champion,- from Connecticut. Yesterday wrote to Mr. T. Crosby, of Smithfield. 



' Stanford does not now appear among Stanford must have been some place very 

the Ohio towns. As he returned the same near at hand. 

• 1.1V to Canfiekl, which is in the present Ma- ^ Gen. E. Champion from Haddam, promi- 

hoiiing County, then in Trumbull Count}', nent in the settlement o£ New Connecticut. 



1S05.] MISSIOXARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 257 

24. Rode to Newton,' and preached from Matt, x : 32. In the mornins; 
received an excellent letter from my father. Mr. Jones, a Baptist minister, 
has come to live in Warren. 

25. Rode to Palmyra.^ People here of diverse denominations in religion. 
Received a letter from Mr. Badger. Wrote. Conversed considerably with 
Methodists. 

26. Preached from John vi : 37 and Num. x : 29. There is Methodist 
preaching here about two thirds of the Sabbaths. Rode to Deerfield and 
preached a third sermon from Luke xv : 17. Very tired. 

27. Rode to Atwater^ and preached from Matt, xvii : 5. About half of 
the people came in just as I finished the sermon. I sat a few minutes, prayed, 
and preached again from Esther iv : 16. This a small new settlement. Mr. 
Atwater ^ here the proprietor of the town. Very friendly. 

28. Received a present of two dollars from Mr. Atwater. Very warm. 
Flies begin to be troublesome. Rode to Randolph.^ Afternoon preached to 
a few people from Num. x : 29. Assisted in hiving a large swarm of bees. 

29. Something unwell. Rode to Suffield.' Read the Bible. Considerable 
of old openings in this town. I think it will be one of the pleasantesf towns 
in the county. 

30. Rode out and visited. Afternoon preached from Matt, xvii : 5. The 
first sermon ever preached in the town. The people collected ver)- well. 
Quite cool. 

31. In the morning considerable frost. Rode through a very blind and 
lonely road to Ravenna.' Something unwell. Read Don Quixote. 

June. 

1. Read. Walked out and visited. Wrote. The Methodists appear 
endeavoring to obtain an influence here, but I think there is but little pros- 
pect of their succeeding.* 

2. Very warm. Preached in Rootstown' to a pretty large number of 
hearers. Many more than I expected. There has been but very little preach- 
ing in this vicinity. Rode into Ravenna and preached a third sermon from 
Gen. vii : 16. In Rootstown preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8 and from Rom. 
xiv : 10. Very tired. 

3. Rode to Stowe and Hudson.'" Missed my way. Lost the travel of 
many miles. Some Connecticut families lately arrived in the county. 



' Newton, about five miles from Warren, ' Ravenna, the shire town of Portage 

the southwest town in the present Trumbull County. 

County. ^ There is something of denominational 

" Palmyra is in Portage County. narrowness in this remark. 

' Atwater, one of the southern tier of « Rootstown is in Portage County, next 

towns in Portage County, so named from Mr. south of Ravenna. 

Caleb Atwater. '° To a person living in Massachusetts, 

* Caleb Atwater, the founder of this town, Stowe and Hudson, as two neighboring towns, 

was one of the Connecticut Land Company, seem very familiar. But in Ohio Stowe 

whose share in the investment was $22,846. seems to have dropped out from its ancient 

= Randolph, also in Portage County. connection. Hudson is in Summit County, 

*■ Suiifield, next town west of Randolph, which was not of the original counties, but 

owes its name to Connecticut. has been since formed. 



Z$8 DIARY OK REV. THOMAS ROBniNS, D.D. [iSoS- 

4. Visited. Rode to Aurora." Quite a dry season. Had difficulty in 
finding the way. Lost the travel of about eight miles. 

5. People complain considerably of vermin destroying the corn. Rode 
to Mantua.° Visited families. Preached from Rom. i: 16. Have been 
engaged since last January in taking the number of families in this county; 
have now finished. 

6. Rode to Warren. From Nelson to Warren a very bad road. Several 
families have lately come into this town. 

7. There is generalh' a considerable scarcity of provisions. Very warm 
for this country. Verj' good riding. 

8. A verj- hard rain. Wrote considerably. The rain is very favorable 
for the crops. 

9. Preached from Matt, .xvii : 5 and Esther iv: 16. Toward evening 
attended a conference. Conversed considerably with a young man who has 
lately obtained a hope after having been under great exercise of mind for a 
long time. I think he appears ver}' well. 

10. Quite weak and unwell. Walked out and visited. A young man here 
has lately had a thigh amputated, hurt by the falling of a tree. 

11. Rode out and visited. Rode to Gustavus. Quite cool for tlie season. 

12. Rode to Austinburgh.^ The roads pretty bad. My old acquaintance' 
here appear pleased to have me come among them. 

13. Rode to the north part of the town. Very warm. Was expecting to 
go on this week to Cleveland ; but being considerably unwell, with some other 
reasons, I have concluded to stay here till next week. On the 8th wrote to 
Dr. Strong, of Hartford. 

14. Some unhappy difficulties exist in the church here. I hope, however, 
they are not incurable. Wrote. Rode out and visited. The trustees of the 
college* in this county have determined to fix the seat of it at Burton. 

15. Some difficulty among military characters with regard to the choice of 
a colonel. Walked out. With the assistance of a dog I killed a large wild 
turkey. Much oppressed with the heat. 

16. Preached from Matt, xvii: 5 and Num. x: 29. The people in this 
town and Morgan generally attended. Conversed largely with some of the 
church-members on the subject of e.xisting differences here. Baptized a child 
of Roger Nettleton.' I think I have experienced nothing in this country 
which seemed so much like home. 

17. Visited. Rode to Morgan.* I think the roads in Austinburgh are the 
worst of any settled town in the county. 



' -Xurora is in Portage Counr>-. seems to have been for a long time non- 

= Mantua, in tlie nortlicrn tier of Portage existent. It was lilce Connecticut people to 

'°"'"*- plan for a college at once. 

' .\s already said, .-Vustlnburgh was settled ' Roger Nettleton was probably some old 

chicily from Litchfield County, Ct., where Mr. Connecticut acquaintance. 

Robbins was born. 6 Morgan, several times already mentioned, 

Mention has several times been made of was named in honor of John Morgan, one of 

this prospective college, but the institution the Land Company. 



iSo^.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 259 

i8. Mr. Bacon' and I attended at Austinburgh. with the principal part of 
the brethren of the churcli, for familiar conference on the subject of their 
difficulties. I hope the way appears a little more favorable than in time past. 

19. The weather steadily very warm. A very favorable season for the 
crops. On the 15th wrote to my brother missionary', Mr. Bacon. Rode to 
Harpersfield. 

20. Last night my horse got out of the pasture." He was found a little 
before noon. Rode to Grand River.^ Good riding. Tarried at Judge Wal- 
worth's. 

21. The heat very severe. Rode to Euclid.'' The road from Grand River 
here mostly verj- good. Some people at Chagrine^ have endeavored to circu- 
late a false and wicked story about me since I was there in the winter. I 
hope I may have a spirit of forgiveness towards enemies. 

22. Afternoon preached from Rev. ii : 15. Several apparently very serious 
people here. Rode to Cleveland. 

23. Preached from Rom. i; 10 and Num. x : 29. The people in this town 
and Euclid meet together on the Sabbath and hold meetings. 

24. A very great prospect of peaches in this and the neighboring settle- 
ments. In the lower part of the county they are mostly killed by late frosts. 
Rode to the mouth of the Cuyahoga. Preached from Matt, xvii : 5. A good 
number of hearers and quite attentive. Spoke with great freedom. Assisted 
in towing into the river a vessel of twenty tons burthen, lately built at the 
mouth of the Chagrine. Tarried with Col. Huntington.^ 

25. Very hot. Left Cleveland, rode to Kirtland.' Had pretty hard lodg- 
ing, but people kind. 

26. Rode to Burton. Troubled with a pain in my breast in riding. The 
committee of the trustees of the college in this county here making some 
arrangements to establish it in this town. The proprietors and inhabitants of 
the town have engaged to give the trustees a building now erecting, estimated 
at three thousand dollars, and seven thousand dollars to be paid principally in 
lands. The place is very handsome. 

27. Weather much cooler. Spent the day with the trustees. This town 
at present very free from the fever and ague with which they were much 
afflicted. 

28. Through the day felt very unwell. Was very apprehensive of a bilious 
fever. Felt much as I did the first day of my sickness last year. 



' Rev. David Bacon. See note Oct. 31. ' Kirtland, before mentioned, named from 

1S04. Turliand Kirtland, agent of tlie Connecticut 

- Losing horses and cattle is one of the Land Company. He was the father of Jarr.d 

common incidents of a new country. Potter Kirtland, LL. O., who was graduated 

' There is no town of this name now in at the Yale Medical .School, New Haven, in 

Ohio.- 1S15, and became professor and president of 

'Euclid, in Cuyahoga Co., near Cleveland. the Ohio Medical College, professor in the 

= Chagrin Falls, in Cuyahoga County. Western Reserve College, etc. He died rc- 

<■ Col. Samuel Huntington, before noticed, cently in 1S77, after a long life of activity and 

afterwards Governor of Ohio. usefulness. 



262 DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBEINS, D.D. [l8o5- 

part of the ist and 2d verses and Acts xxviii : 24. Ven- tired. Assisted the 
church in examining and propounded ten persons for communion. 

29. Endeavored to engage a couple of neighbors to submit a difference 
to men. Rode out. Quite feeble. 

30. Attended with the referees all day. Rode in the woods and got lost. 
Came out without much difficulty. Rode to Smithfield late at night. 

31. Quite fatigued and unwell. Visited a school. A ver\- dry season. 
Last Sabbath received a man into the church. Sabbath, the 28th, above 
one hundred and fifty people were counted at meeting, belonging to Hartford 
and Smithfield nearly equally. 

August. 

1. Wrote considerably. .Afternoon rode to Kinsman. The roads quite 
dry and good. 

2. Rode out and visited. Heard a small part of a discourse of an 
ignorant Methodist." Afternoon attended a church conference, and assisted 
in examining three persons for communion. 

3. Rode to Hartford. Conversed with some people at Kinsman on the 
subject of joining the church. They appear strongly attached to some of 
the trivial Pennsylvania customs. 

4. Rode to Brookfield and preached from Gen. vi : 3 and Isa. Ixiii : i, 
last clause. Felt considerably unwell. 

5. In the morning quite sick with considerable fever. Rode with diffi- 
culty to Smithfield. Immediately sent for I )r. Wright, who came and left 
me medicine. In hopes not to have a hard turn. 

6. Last night rested tolerably. .\m exceedingly weak. Cannot sit up 
scarcely any. I think I have less fever than yesterday. 

7. Walked some. Hope that my sickness will go off with a short turn. 

8. Able to write some. My head, however, verj- weak. Wrote to my 
parents. Drew an order on the Missionar}^ Societ}- of five hundred dollars, 
payable to my brother Nathaniel. Visited a woman under serious impressions. 

9. Rode to Hartford and back. Assisted in laying a plan for a bridge 
over the creek in this town. I gain strength considerably. 

10. Rode to Kinsman. Assisted in examining two persons for communion 
in the church. Preached preparatory- to the sacrament from Matt, xxviii : 20, 
first part. Am much stronger to preach than I expected. Visited a man 
very sick. A large mill-pond appears to be the occasion of disorders, I think, 
similar to lake fever. Rode to Smithfield and tarried. 

11. In the morning felt quite feeble, but hoped to be carried through the 
exercises of the day. Rode to Kinsman. A large collection of people. 
Several present from Austinburgh. The place of meeting very convenient. 
Preached from Num. x: 29 and Rev. xx : 15. Received eight persons, four 
men and four women, into the church. Four of whom had been church- 
members heretofore. One was baptized. Administered the sacrament. It 



'As a rule .it that time the Methodist were rather disposed to boast o£ the fact, as 
ministers were men without education, and if to their credit. 



1S05.] MISSIONARY ly NEW CONNECTICUT. 263 

was a ver\' solemn season. Talked largely. There were about forty com- 
municants. Three persons fell. The whole assembly appeared much sol- 
emnized. Had great freedom in preaching. Baptized two children. I am 
this day twenty-eight years old. 

12. Visited sick people. Rode to Smithfield. Afternoon attended with 
the people at work at a large bridge. Very warm. 

13. Wrote considerably. Wrote to my brother Xathaniel. 

14. Rode out and visited families. A great number of rattlesnakes have 
been killed in this town this year. People on the eastern side of this town 
improving their lands quite fast. 

15. Rode and visited all day. Very warm. The State of Pennsylvania 
in a very great electioneering ferment. 

16. Visited. Afternoon preached at the house of a sick woman from Ps. 
.xlvi : 10. There appears to be some instances here of serious impressions. 

17. Rode to Hartford and visited families and returned. Some people 
have the fever and ague. I believe it to have been taken in other places. 

iS. Had a verj- full and attentive meeting. Preached from Ex. .\.x : 8 and 
Isa. V : 3. Towards evening attended a conference, which is their ordinar}' 
custom here. Esq. Smith, of this town, was yesterday chosen brigadier- 
general of the militia of this county. 

19. Wrote considerably. Walked out and visited families. I hope there 
are some instances of genuine seriousness. 

20. Wrote all day. Attending to a very difficult case of duty of a friend. 
I hope I have given advice which will be useful. I think a promise of mar- 
riage ought not to be complied with where the affections obstinately refuse.' 

21. Verj' warm. Thought to be equal to any this summer. Eat water- 
melons ; ver)' good. After a kind of respite of more than six weeks I now 
again undertake to itinerate. Rode to Hubbard. 

22. Visited families. Afternoon preached from Gen. vii : 16. The Meth- 
odist and Baptist interest here appear to gain some strength. The people 
here quite sick. Streams lower than have been known in this countr)". 

23. Rode to Vienna. Flies verv' severe. Some people here quite sick. 

24. Read newspapers. The drought in the Eastern States ver\' severe. 
Received a letter from my father. My dear sister Sally was married on the 
24th ult. to Mr. Joseph Battell, of Norfolk." I think it a ver)- favorable con- 
nection for her. And as it is what I have been wishing to have take place for 
some years, so I desire now to be thankful, and I hope the blessings of a 
gracious Providence may rest upon them. 

25. The people here I fear are more slack about attending meeting than 
before they had their Baptist preacher among them. Preached from Ex. xx : 
Sand Isa. ii: 17. Baptized a child. 



' As he himself lived and died unmarried, this marriage came one of the large and 

he may or may not have been a wise adviser excellent families of Connecticut. The hus- 

in such matters. band was then thirty-one years of age, and 

^ This marriage took place just a month the wife twenty-five. Mr. Battell was a man 

before this entrj-, />., July 24, 1S05. From of great enterprise and ability. 



264 PIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIN'S, D.D. [1S05. 

26. A pretty hard rain. Visited. .\ fine season for melons and garden 
productions generally. 

27. Paid for shoeing my horse Ji.ys- Received of Maj. Perkins thiity 
dollars, on account of an order I gave liim on the Missionary Society last 
spring. Rode to Bristol' Preached towards evening from Matt. .\ : 32. The 
people in this new settlement collected very well. 

28. My health quite as good as I could e.xpect at this season. Rode to 
^Mesopotamia." Had a tedious time. The road bad and blind ; and the flies 
and mosquitoes very troublesome. Towards night a very hard rain. It is 
thought that the mills generally will now go. The most of them in the county 
have been still for some time. 

29. Rode to Windsor.' Eat some ver}- fine watermelons. This town 
settling considerably. Quite cool. Provision quite scarce. 

30. Visited families. The people in this quarter have suffered consid- 
erablv of late for want of grinding. Afternoon preached from Num. .\ : 29. 
The people in the town generally attended. 

31. Rode to the south part of the town and preached from Gen. vii : 16. 
.■\fter which rode to Mesopotamia. The people in this town not very well 
united. Wrote to Mr. Badger. 



1. The settlement in this town increases but moderately. Preached from 
Ex. x.x and Esther iv : 16. People here generally pay but little regard to 
the Sabbath. 

2. Rode to Middlefield and to Burton. Several people here sick with 
fever and ague, and there have been some instances of lake fever. 

3. I am enabled to bear the fatigue of labor and riding much better than 
I feared. Visited families. Afternoon preached in the Academy from Matt. 
X : 32. The Academy^ is enclosed and glazed. Quite warm. 

4. Rode to Parkman. Quite tired. At evening preached from 2 Tim. 
iv : 7, 8. The first sermon ever preached in the town. 

5. Rode to Nelson. Visited families. Some sickness here. In general 
the country- is quite healthy. At evening preached from Matt, xvii : 5. People 
attended very well. Very warm. 

6. Rode to Warren and Salem. The county in considerable agitation with 
regard to the approaching election. Very tired. 

7. In the morning my horse was missing. After considerable search he 
could not be found. It appears that he jumped out of the pasture. Walked 
to Canfield, ten miles. I desire to be thankful that I am able to endure so 
much fatigue. 



' There is a town named liristol, in Mor- bull Count}-, and the latter the southwest 

gan Count)', Ohio, but that is far away from town of Ashtabula County, 
this locality. This was one of the early towTis 3 This is the institution probably which 

on the Reserve whose name was changed. has se\eral times been called a college, but 

- Mesopotamia and Windsor join ; the whicli never rose apparently above the giade 

former being the northwest town of Trum- of an academy. 



1805.] MISSIOXARV IX NEW CONNECTICUT. 265 

8. It is thought that the weather is as warm as any that we have 
had. Was unable to preach without standing in an outside door." Preached 
from Heb. xii : 17 and Heb. xi : 13, latter clause. Visited in the evening. 
Several persons here still quite serious ; baptized a child. 

g. A considerable supply of peaches in this town. On the 7th received 
a letter from my father and one from Mr. G. H. Tower, Forks of Yough. 
Quite tired with so much walking in the heat. 

10. Wrote to Mr. G. H. Tower. Borrowed a horse and rode to Salem to 
the house where my horse left me. I found him. He was brought yesterday. 
Rode to Warren. 

11. Rode to Hubbard and to Hartford. In the evening performed a 
marriage. Had a pretty numerous and an agreeable w-edding. After which 
rode to Smithfield. Very- tired. 

12. Wrote to the Missionary Society. The people here considerably 
anxious about the approaching election. 

13. Rode to Hartford. Several people have the fever and ague. Wrote 
to my Brother and Sister Battell. At evening met with the people here to 
converse upon attempting to get the college in the county placed in this 
town. 

14. Visited. Considerably unwell. Rode to Hubbard and preached from 
Heb. xii : 17. 

15. Preached in the forenoon from Ex. xx : 8. After which rode into 
Pennsylvania and assisted at the administration of a sacrament in Mr. Satter- 
field's ^ church. There were about one hundred and twenty communicants. 
After the ordinance preached from Num. x : 29. The exercises were con- 
cluded about sundown. Rode to Hartford with company. Had considerable 
difficulty in getting through the woods. Lost our road in the dark several 
times. Preached in the evening from Esther iv : 16. 

16. Almost sick with the fatigue of yesterday. My horse is not to be 
found. Visited a woman verj' sick with the nervous fever. A\'alked to Smith- 
field. At evening preached from Matt, v : 8. 

17. Quite warm. Walked out and \isited. Visited the sick woman, prob- 
ably a-dying. She has a husband and one child ; moved from Connecticut 
tills summer. I have never witnessed so trv'ing a scene in this countr)-. 
Found my horse. 

18. In the morning heard of the death of the woman I visited yesterday. 
May the Lord help. Afternoon attended the funeral. Preached from i Cor. 
vii : 29, 31. A good many people ver}- solemn and some very much affected. 

19. Very warm. Rode to Brookfield. Conversed with some people on 
the subject of forming into a church. Tarried with Mr. Hughes. 



' As we understand, he was not regretting ^ This church of Mr. Satterfield's, which 

that he had stood in a draft, but is telling us has been brought to our notice before, was 

that the heat was so great he could not only a little way from the dividing line be- 

prcach with any comfort without standing in tween Ohio and Pennsylvania. He was at 

a draft. Upper Xeshannodi, Lawrence County, Penn. 



264 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1S05. 

26. A pretty hard rain. Visited. A fine season for melons and garden 
prodnctions generally. 

27. Paid for shoeing my horse $1.75. Received of Maj. Perkins thirty 
dollars, on account of an order I gave him on the Missionary Society last 
spring. Rode to Bristol.' Preached towards evening from Matt, .x : 32. The 
people in this new settlement collected very well. 

28. My health quite as good as I could e.xpect at this season. Rode to 
Mesopotamia.- Had a tedious time. The road bad and blind; and the flies 
and mosquitoes very troublesome. Towards night a very hard rain. It is 
thought that the mills generally will now go. The most of them in the county 
have been still for some time. 

29. Rode to Windsor.^ Eat some ven^ fine watermelons. This town 
settling considerably. Quite cool. Provision quite scarce. 

30. Visited families. The people in this quarter have suffered consid- 
erably of late for want of grinding. Afternoon preached from Num. x : 29. 
The people in the town generally attended. 

31. Rode to the south part of the town and preached from Gen. vii : 16. 
After which rode to Mesopotamia. The people in this town not very well 
united. Wrote to Mr. Badger. 



1. The settlement in this town increases but moderately. Preached from 
Ex. XX and Esther iv : 16. People here generally pay but little regard to 
the Sabbath. 

2. Rode to Middlefield and to Burton. Several people here sick with 
fever and ague, and there have been some instances of lake fever. 

3. I am enabled to bear the fatigue of labor and riding much better than 
I feared. Visited families. Afternoon preached in the Academy from Matt. 
X : 32. The Academy^ is enclosed and glazed. Quite warm. 

4. Rode to Parkman. Quite tired. At evening preached from 2 Tim. 
iv : 7, 8. The first sermon ever preached in the town. 

5. Rode to Nelson. Visited families. Some sickness here. In general 
the country is quite healthy. At evening preached from Matt, xvii : 5. People 
attended very well. Very warm. 

6. Rode to Warren and Salem. The county in considerable agitation with 
regard to the approaching election. Very tired. 

7. In the morning my horse was missing. After considerable search he 
could not be found. It appears that he jumped out of the pasture. Walked 
to Canfield, ten miles. I desire to be thankful that I am able to endure so 
much fatigue. 



' There is a town named Bristol, in Mor- bull County, and the latter the southwest 

gan Countj-, Ohio, but that is far away from town of Ashtabula County, 
this locality. This was one of the early towns 3 This is the institution probably which 

on the Reserve whose name was changed. has several times been called a college, but 

^Mesopotamia and Windsor join; the which never rose apparently above the grade 

former being the northwest town of Trum- of an academy. 



1805.] MISSIOXARV IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 265 

8. It is thought that the weather is as warm as any that we have 
had. Was unable to preach without standing in an outside door.' Preached 
from Heb. xii : 17 and Heb. xi : 13, latter clause. Visited in the evening. 
Several persons here still quite serious ; baptized a child. 

9. A considerable supply of peaches in this town. On the 7th received 
a letter from my father and one from Mr. G. H. Tower, Forks of Yough. 
Quite tired with so much walking in the heat. 

TO. Wrote to Mr. G. H. Tower. Borrowed a horse and rode to Salem to 
the house where my horse left me. I found him. He was brought yesterday. 
Rode to Warren. 

11. Rode to Hubbard and to Hartford. In the evening performed a 
marriage. Had a pretty numerous and an agreeable wedding. After which 
rode to Smithfield. Very tired. 

12. '\\'rote to the Missionary Society. The people here considerably 
anxious about the approaching election. 

13. Rode to Hartford. Several people have the fever and ague. Wrote 
to my Brother and Sister Battell. At evening met with the people here to 
converse upon attempting to get the college in the county placed in this 
town. 

14. Visited. Considerably unwell. Rode to Hubbard and preached from 
Heb. .xii : 17. 

15. Preached in the forenoon from Ex. xx : 8. After which rode into 
Pennsylvania and assisted at the administration of a sacrament in Mr. Satter- 
field's " church. There were about one hundred and twenty communicants. 
After the ordinance preached from Num. x: 29. The e.xercises were con- 
cluded about sundown. Rode to Hartford with company. Had considerable 
difficulty in getting through the woods. Lost our road in the dark several 
times. Preached in the evening from Esther iv : 16. 

16. Almost sick with the fatigue of yesterday. My horse is not to be 
found. Visited a woman very sick with the nervous fever. Walked to Smith- 
tield. At evening preached from Matt, v : 8. 

17. Quite warm. Walked out and visited. Visited the sick woman, prob- 
ably a-dying. She has a husband and one child ; moved from Connecticut 
tliis summer. I have never witnessed so tr\-ing a scene in this country. 
Found my horse. 

18. In the morning heard of the death of the woman I visited yesterday. 
May the Lord help. Afternoon attended the funeral. Preached from i Cor. 
vii : 29, 31. A good many people very solemn and some very much affected. 

19. Very warm. Rode to Brookfield. Conversed with some people on 
the subject of forming into a church. Tarried with Mr. Hughes. 



' As we understand, he was not regretting ^This church of Mr. Satterfield's, which 

that he had stood in a draft, but is telling us has been brought to oiu: notice before, was 

that the heat was so great he could not only a little way from the dividing line be- 

preach with any comfort without standing in tween Ohio and Pennsylvania. He was at 

a draft. Upper Neshannock, Lawrence County, Penn. 



266 DIARV OV RKV. IIIOMAS ROEBIN'S, D.D. [1805. 

20. Visited several (aniilies. Rode to Vienna. Afternoon after preaching 
from I John iv : ii, conversed with several persons who presented letters and 
certificates of good standing in different Christian churches, on the subject of 
forming into a Christian church. Concluded to proceed further on the subject 
tomorrow. 

21. Wrote. .Afternoon preached from Matt, .xvi : iS. After which pro- 
ceeded in the examination of those wlio wished to be organized into a church. 
Hax-ing obtained satisfaction, concluded to constitute them publicly tomorrow. 
Mr. Matthews, committee of the church at Smithfield, was present and assisted. 

22. Preached from Matt, .xvii : 5 and Gen. v: 24. After sermon in the 
afternoon publicly organized thirteen persons — seven men and six women ^ 
as a church of Christ,' charged them to keep covenant with God and one 
another, and endeavored to commit them to the care and grace of the great 
Head of the Church. .Several people attended from the neighboring towns. 
Rainy. 

23. Quite cool after long warm weather. Rode to Westfield. Preached 
from Gen. xii : 3. Some here inclining to the sentiments of the Universalists. 

24. Rode to Vienna. Wrote considerably. Rode to Warren. The riding 
I believ'c as good as I have e\er seen in this country. 

25. Received a letter from my brother James at Williamstown. Visited. 
.\ good frame of a house raised in town. .\t evening wrote to my brother 
James. 

26. Wrote a petition to be presented to the Legislature of this State for 
admission of this county.' Afternoon preached preparatory' to the administra- 
tion of the sacrament from Matt, xvi : 18. But few people attended. Rainy. 

27. Rode out and visited some people sick with the fever and ague. Some 
members of the church I think will be unable to attend at the sacrament. 

28. Wrote. .-Xftemoon preached from Gen. xvii : 12. After which exam- 
ined several persons for admission in the church. Ver)' thin meeting. 

29. Preached in the forenoon from Xum. x : 29. Received five persons 
— two men and three women — into the church, three of whom had previously 
been members. This the first addition to this church. Administered the 
sacrament of the supper. The season appeared to be striking and solemn. 
Afternoon preached from Rom. xiv : 10. A full and attentive meeting. Had 



• The Congregational churches organized >;erve, consisting of eight male and six female 

on the Western Reserve by the early mis- members." So also the church, organized at 

sionaries of New England from iSoo to iSoS, Hudson in 1S03, remains Congregational, 

generally became Presbyterian. Tlie church Xe.\t to these in age comes the church of 

in .'\ustinburgh, organized by Kev. Joseph Tallmadge, which was formed in 1809. 

Hadger, remains Congregational. In Mr. Bad- The Congregational church of Marietta 

t;erV.-iK/(;/)/(g-r,j/.^_V. published iiithc thirteenth to the south, on the Ohio River, is older 

volume of the American Quarterly Kegister, than any of these, having been organized in 

]>|j. ^17-328. he says ot this church at Austin- 1796- 

!'UiL;h: "There I preached on the Sabbath, -"This county" is Trumbull Count)'. 

.i:ul on the next Wednesday, the 24th of Octo- whirh seems by this entry not to have been at 

bci (iSoi), formed the first church on the Re- this time officially recognized by the State. 



1S05.] • MISSIONARY IX NEW CONNKCTICUT. 267 

great freedom in preaching. Several people appeared considerably aft'ected. 
Baptized a child. In the morning a little frost. 

30. Set out' to go to Pittsburgh. Rode to Greensburgh.- A horse-race at 
Youngstown with fifty dollars risqued.' 

October. 

1. Rode to Beaver'' and to Pittsburgh. This State in a verj- warm con- 
tention with regard to the approaching election. Quite fatigued. Have rode 
about eighty miles ' in two days. 

2. The Synod of Pittsburgh met here. I sat with them. About forty 
ministers present. Verv' cordially entertained by my old friend. Col. Perrv. 
At evening preached in the court-house to a very numerous and attentive 
audience from Rom. x : i. The ministers here have not yet generally 
imbibed the sentiment of the literal return of the Jews to their own land.* 
Traded, etc. 11.33. 

3. Sat with the Synod. Visited Mr. Addison. The ministers appear 
agreeably. I think they manifest a little too much bitterness against opposite 
denominations. At evening a very good missionary sermon was preached and 
a collection made of sixty or seventy dollars. 

4. Traded, etc. 6.31. Rode to Beaver. At evening preached in the 
court-house from Rom. i : 16. Saw people moving from Connecticut to .Vew 
Connecticut. Treated very kindly. Quite tired. 

5. Rainy. Rode to Boardman. In the morning received for preaching 
last evening $2. 50.' It is their usual custom to give something. Have had a 
prosperous journey. 

6. Preached from Isa. ii : 17 and Ex. .\.\ : S. Quite cold. Before this 
vegetation has not generally been killed by the frost. At evening rode to 
Canfield. 

7. Rode to Warren and to Smithfield. The farthest I have ever rode in a 
day in this country. The roads get something w^et. 

8. In the morning a hard frost. This is the day of election of State and 
county officers in this State and Pennsylvania. Wrote considerably. Cool 
fall weather. 

g. Rode to Kinsman. Visited sick people in Smithfield and Kinsman. 
About thirty families in this town and all sick but one. A large mill-pond 



' His preaching the day before was at directly in the line of his journey to Pitts- 
Warren, from which place he sets out on his burgh, in Alleghany County, Penn. 
journey to Pittsburgh, Penn., taking a south- * Considering the state of the roads, the 
east direction. journeys that used to be made on horseback 

' This, as before said, is not the Pennsyl- show a good measure of endurance on the 

vania Greensburgh, but a place in Trumbull part both of man and beast. 

County. * That point was far more under discus- 

^ Youngstown, where this betting on sion sixty or seventy years ago than now. 

horses took place, was then in Trumbull ' This was for his preaching in Beaver, 

County, now in Mahoning. paid him the ne.xt morning, as he was starting 

* Beaver, in Beaver County, Penn., was on his way to Boardman. 



268 niARV OI'- REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1805. 

here supposed to be the cause. It produced considerable sickness last year; 
but this season its effects are much more extensive and severe.' 

10. Rode to Gustavus. Every family in the town sicl<, some of whom, 
every individual. Generally fever and ague, in some instances severe bilious 
fever. Some want much for attendants. Rode to Smithfield. Visited thir- 
teen sick families. Some infant children have died. The sickness is in all 
directions, about three miles from the pond.° 

11. Visited. Rode to Vienna.' My horse quite lame. Had appointed to 
preach a sacramental lecture, but the lameness of my horse hindered me so 
that I did not arrive in time. Quite warm. Wrote to Col. Perry, of Pitts- 
burgh. 

12. Wrote records for the church here. Afternoon the church chose me 
for their standing moderator, and chose a committee and clerk. Preached 
preparatory to the sacrament from Rev. XV : 15. Some people from Pennsyl- 
vania came to attend the sacrament.* 

13. Preached from Matt, x : 32 and Esther iv : 16. Administered the sacra- 
ment. The first time in this place. A very agreeable and solemn season. A 
full meeting, appeared solemn and attentive. 

14. Preached in the forenoon from Rev. xx : 15. Rode to Smithfield. A 
man has lately died of the prevailing fever in Gustavus. Received a letter 
from my cousin, S. P. Robbins. 

15. Visited the sick. Received thirty-seven dollars by an order I gave on 
the Missionary Society last fall. Received a letter from Mr. Chapman, of 
Canfield. 

16. Wrote to Mr. Chapman, of Canfield. Rode out and visited. Sick 
people find much difficulty in getting suitable attendants. 

17. Rode to Austinburgh. Quite bad riding. Delegates from the churches 
in Smithfield and Vienna accompanied me. 

18. Rode to Harpersfield. Met with Mr. Badger and Mr. Bacon and 
delegates from four of the churches, and formed ourselves into an ecclesiasti- 
cal convention* for the promotion of union and the general benefit of the 
churches. Mr. Hawley,' a minister from Connecticut, attended with us. We 
were happily united in sentiment. 



' This is a kind of repetition of the sad of Churches. The ministers were Rev. Jo- 
scenes in .ShetTickl, Mass., during the months seph Badger, Rev. David Bacon, and Rev. 
of August and September, 1796. Thomas Robbins. The names of the delegates 

' Kinsman, Gustavus. and .Smithfield (now from the four churches are not given. The 
Vernon) were adjoining towns. These town- four churches represented by these delegates 
ships were five miles square, and the pond were, without much doubt, those of Austin- 
was S.I situated as to affect all three towns. , burgh, Canfield, Smithfield (now Vernon), 

^ Vienna, it will be remembered, is the and Vienna, 
place where he had just before organized <■ Rev. Rufus Hawley, from Avon, Ct. 

a church. ]Ie was settled at Avon (then Northington) 

* Vienna w.as not on the rcnnsylvania in 1769 and continued to his death in 1826. 

line, but wa~ separated from it by the town He was not a missionary, but was probably 

of l.rookfield. on a journey of observation among the new 

' What n ould now be called a Conference settlements. 



1805.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 269 

19. The convention was dismissed. Afternoon Mr. Badger preached pre- 
paratory- to the sacrament. 

20. I preached in the forenoon from Rev. xvi : i6. Mr. Badger preached 
in tlie afternoon. In the administration of the ordinance, he performed the 
first part, and I the second. 

21. In the morning Cephas Case and Henry Badger set out for Sanchisky ' 
to Hve with the Indians. They went down Grand River in a canoe with 
which they e.xpect to go the whole way. Rode to Austinburgh and preached 
from Rev. xvii : 14, latter clause. Read newspapers. 

22. Rode to Morgan and preached from Heb. xii : 17. Unhappy diffi- 
culties still subsist in the church here. Quite cool. Mr. Badger building a 
new log-house. 

23. Rode to Somers. At evening preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. The 
first sermon ever preached in the town. But four families in the town. 
The prospect of this settlement is favorable. The riding good for the season. 

24. In the morning it snowed considerably. Rode to Gustavus. Visited 
sick people, generally convalescent. Rode to Smithfield. Preached on ac- 
count of God's visitation in the prevailing sickness from Isa. i; 5. Had a 
serious and solemn meeting. Visited. 

25. Wrote. Attended the funeral of an infant child. Wrote to Maj. 
Perkins, and Mr. Edwards, of Warren, and Mr. Titus Brockwa\-, Hartford. 
Something rainy. 

26. Quite cold and stormy. It snowed the most of the day. Rode to 
Mercer'' to attend on a public sacrament. Had quite a tedious time, but got 
along better than I feared. 

27. Mr. Tait^ preached in the forenoon. Mr. Satterfield introduced the 
sacrament. I administered at the second table. There were eighty or ninety 
communicants. The season was solemn and the congregation very attentive. 
There was but little of the bodily affection. I preached in the evening from 
Rev. xvi: 15. The snow in the morning about three inches deep and the 
most of it continued through the day. 

28. Preached in the forenoon from Rom. i: 16. People attended very 
well. They appeared much gratified with my being with them. Assisted the 
congregation in doing some congregational business. Set out with Mr. T.iit 
to go to the meeting of the Presbytery. Rode to Nishannock. 

29. Rode to Greensburgh.* Sat with the Presbytery. The ministers 
appear quite friendly. There was a sacrament here last Sabbath, and people 
spent the nights on the ground. 



' Sandusky was at the e.xtreme western miles from the dividing line between the 

end of the Connecticut Reserve, then in States. 
Huron (now Erie) County, Ohio. The white ^ Rev. Samuel Tail, 

settlements in Ohio as yet were almost en- ■* This must be Greensburgh, Ohio, as 

tirely on the eastern portions of the Reserve, Greensburgh, Penn., is eighty or ninety miles 

with scattered families farther west. from Canfield, Ohio, and by his entry (Oct. 

-This was Mercer, the shire town of 31) he seems to have made the journey to 

Mercer County, Pennsylvania, about twenty Canfield from Greensburgh in a short time. 



270 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [iSoj. 

30. Presented to tlie Presbyten- an account of our ecclesiastical conven- 
tion and requested a union and good understanding. They appeared much 
disposed to cultivate and maintain a harmony with the New England people, 
and passed a vote correspondently, which I drew. They appear very willing 
that we should retain our own habits and practices. They dispatched busi- 
ness very speedily. At evening walked out two miles and preached from 
2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. Other ministers attended and spoke a little. 

31. Rode with company to Canfield. Quite warm for the season. Received 
a letter from mv Uncle Starr. Some of his people have moved to this 



1. Wrote to my Uncle Starr. Visited. Quite rainy. Several families 
have lately moved into this town. At evening preached from Isa. xliii : 13, 
last clause. The people here appear anxious to procure a preacher. 

2. Rode to Warren ' and to Youngstown. Some people at Warren have 
the fever and ague. 

3. Preached from Rom. i : 16 and Rev. xvi : 15. But few people attended 
meeting. The greater part of the people here appear indifferent as to any 
religion, and the others are much divided." 

4. Had a talk with several of the principal people. I think they are 
prettv destitute of principle, and appear inimical to me and to religion. They 
have -circulated false and ungenerous reports about me, with regard to an 
interference in the late election. Yesterday morning my horse was gone.^ 
He is not yet to be found. Rode a borrowed horse to Liberty. 

5. Rode to Smithtield. The sick people in this quarter are generally 
getting better. Wrote. Wrote to Mr. Elliott,* a New England minister, 
requesting him to come to this country and preach in Canfield and Boardman. 

6. Paid for home-made cloth for two shirts, $3.33. Wrote to my parents. 
Walked out and visited. The wolves are something troublesome here. 

7. Wrote to Deacon Mills, of Austinburgh. Rode to Hartford. Visited 
sick people. At evening preached from Isa. i : 5. 

8. Had some clothes made. Visited. Rode to Liberty. Cannot hear 
anything of my horse. I have considerable anxiety about him. 

9. Rode and walked to Canfield. Got something w-et with rain. Heard 
of my horse. It appears that he came pretty direct to this town.' Towards 
evening preached preparatory to the sacrament from Matt, xxviii : 20. Mr. 
Bacon and his family are here.' 



' Warren probably received its name the church in Madison, Ct., where he was 

from Moses Warren, one of the surveyors pastor 1791-1S24. He was a Corporate 

who laid out the townships on the Western Member of Yale College from 181 2 to his 

Reserve in 1797. death, 1S24. 

- This is said of the people of Voungs- ' He had been there a good many times 

town. before, and perhaps he specially liked the 

^ This experience of losing his horse was place, 
growing serious. ' Rev. David Bacon, his wife, Alice 

' Without much doubt, this was Rev. (Parks) Bacon, Leonard Bacon, then three 

John Kliott (afterwards D.D.), minister of years old, and a babe of one year. 



iSo5.] 



MISSIONARY IN' NEW CONNECTICUT. 



271 



10. Mr. Bacon preached in the forenoon. Receixed a woman into the 
church, hopefully a subject of the late work in this place. Mr. Bacon and 1 
together administered the Lord's Supper. Preached in the afternoon from 
Isa. v:3. Baptized two children. At evening visited families. 

11. Quite cold. Visited. Rode to Youngstown and returned. Two men, 
heads of families, have lately died in this vicinity. 

12. Set out on a journey to Marietta. May the Lord go with me. Rode 
through New Lisbon ^ to the salt-works. The roads \-ery dry. 

13. Rode through Steubenville ; crossed the Ohio to Charlestown, and on 
to Wheeling.^ From New Lisbon to the Ohio, the land is very hilly and 
appears poor. Very fine weather. Very tired. 

14. Something rainy. Rode to Herd's Ferry. The settlements through 
which I passed very thin and poor. 

15. Rode all day in a single horse path. Many moving families on the 
river. Rode to Newport.^ Begin to find New England people. 

16. Rode to Marietta.'* Very affectionately received by my friend Mr. 
Gilman and family.' Very tired with my journey. This town appears much 
larger than I expected. Mr. Lindsley,' the Presbyterian minister here, called 
to see me. 

17. Mr. Lindsley preached in the forenoon. I preached in the afternoon 
from Rom. i : 16. A quite respectable congregation. They sing very well. 
Find some old acquaintance. 

18. Read newspapers. Walked out and visited with my cousins.' The 



' New Lisbon is in Columbiana County, 
which then joined Trumbull County, but now 
Mahoning County lies between. 

^ From his starting-point in the morning 
to Wheeling, Va., was more than fort)- miles. 
Charlestown and Wheeling are in what is 
now West Virginia. 

' Newport only a short distance from 
Marietta. 

* The ride from Youngstown to Marietta 
not far from one hundred and fifteen miles. 
The oldest regular white settlement in Ohio 
was made at Marietta in 17S8 under the 
auspices of the Ohio Company. This com- 
pany was composed of revolutionary- officers 
and soldiers, to whom the Continental Con- 
gress gave 1,500,000 acres of land to the 
northwest of the Ohio River. This company 
was organized in Boston, in 17S6. Forty- 
seven emigrants from Massachusetts, Rhode 
Island, and Connecticut were the first movers, 
and they started the settlement at Marietta, 
April 7, 1788. Some of the chief men in the 
management of the affairs of this Ohio Com- 
pany were : Gen. Rufus Putnam, Rev. Ma- 



nasseh Cutler, LL.D., Col. Israel Putnam, 
Gen. Samuel Holden Parsons, Commodore 
.Abraham Whipple, Hon. James Mitchell 
Varnum, a general in the Revolutionary 
Army, Col. Ebenezer Battelle, Capt. Jona- 
than Devol, Col. Return Jonathan ^Meigs. 
Gen. Benjamin Tupper, Col. Ebenezer 
Sproat, and Griffin Greene, Esq., cousin 
of Gen. Nathaniel Greene. 

^ Benjamin I. Gilman, whose wife was 
Hannah Robbins, daughter of Dr. Chandler 
Robbins, of Plymouth, Mass. She was born 
Sept. 29, 1768, and was married to Mr. Gil- 
man, in 1790. A son, of the same name with 
his father, was a well-grown iad at this time, 
and was graduated at Brown University in 
1S13. 

' Rev. Stephen Lindsley. We do not find 
the name of this clergvTnan among the col- 
lege graduates of the country, and it is prob- 
able that he, like the majority of the Presby- 
terian ministers in those parts at that time, 
was not a man of college education. 

' His cousins were Benjamin I. and Han- 
nah (Robbins) Gilman. 



272 



DIARY OF RKV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. ['805. 



people here appear to have a great attachment to my cousin, Sam. P., as a 
preacher. 

19. Wrote considerably. Something rainy. Played backgammon. Had 
company. Mr. Oilman appears to do a great deal of business. Wagons 
arrive at this town from Ale.xandria." 

20. Visited. Was invited out to dine. Many families here live in pretty 
high taste. Mr. Gilman has a very good rope-walk, in which business is done 
extensively. He is building a very good brig. At evening had company. 

21. Rode up the Muskingum, "sixteen miles, to Waterford.' Mr. Lindsley," 
the minister here, absent from home. Preached to a few attentive hearers 
from Num. x : 29. People appear much gratified with my visit. 

22. Returned to .Marietta. Much of the land in this quarter, very poor. 
Mr. Lindsley,-' of Waterford, called and tarried wIlli me. Walking in the even- 
ing in the dark ran against a fence, and considerably wounded my face. 

23. Dined at Gen. Putnam's. He has lately received a letter from my 
cousin, Sam. P.,'^ and one from my father, addressed to the committees of the 
church and society here. Called on several families. Treated very politely. 
Wrote. A prospect of a great continental war in Europe. Something rainy. 

24. Wet and rainy. Preached to a very attentive audience from Heb. xi: 
30 and Luke xv : 17. Some people here appear to have been perplexed with 
some of Sam. P.'s doctrines. 

25. Rode to Belpre' and preached from Num. x : 29. This is a very fine 
farming settlement. It appears more like Connecticut than any other in 
this State. At evening attended a singing meeting. 

26. Returned to Marietta. At evening met with the committees of the 
church and society here, and concluded to have cousin Sam. P.'s ordination 
the first of next May. Wrote a draft of a letter to the ministers and churches 
to be sent to. Attended a singing meeting. 

27. Walked out and visited. Expected to have set out today on my 
journey, but find it difficult to leave friends and to get ready. Wrote to my 
cousin Sam. P. Endeavored to give him the best advice in my power with 
regard to his conduct here, as his situation on some accounts will be critical 
and difficult.' Received presents from my friends to the value of nine or ten 
dollars. Weather remarkably mild and pleasant. Traded, etc. 4.62. 

' .■\lexandria, Va. The journey from .\le.x- there and had now gone back to New Eng- 

andria to Marietta across northern Virginia land. 

more than two hundred miles. A roa<l for ' Rev. E. A. Mirick, Congregational pas- 
carriages through this country had then tor of Belpre, writes in answer to inquiry: 
recently been completed. " Newberry is merely a local name for south- 

' Marietta was at the mouth of the Musk- crn end of Belpre. Little Hocking is the 

ingum River. post office of that locality. Belpre is a long 

' Waterford and Marietta were both in and narrow town, twenty-one by three miles, 

Washington County. back from the river. Newberry is at its 

* .\nother man of the same name with the lower extremity, on the river." 

minister of Marietta. * New England then, more than now, 

' Rev. Jacob Lindsley, supplying at \Va- represented advanced education and ideas, 

lerlord. and there was a jealousy toward her on the 

' Samuel I'rince Robbins had preached part of those who were less enlightened. 



1805.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 273 

28. Left Marietta early in tlie morning. Rode on my journey up the river 
thirty-six miles. Comfortably accommodated. A large good bridge is build- 
ing over Duck Creek. 

29. Considerably afflicted with a stiff neck. Rode to Grave Creek. Quite 
warm. The road very crooked. 

30. Something rainy. Thunder-showers. Arrived at Mr. Potter's,' near 
Steubenville, towards night. Kindly entertained. Mr. Potter lives on the 
bottom formerly occupied by the Mingo Indians. The grave of Logan," their 
celebrated chief, is near here. Traded. 1.67. Mr. Potter a minister formerly 
in Vermont. 

December. 

1. Preached in the court-house in Steubenville ^ from Rom. i: 16. The 
audience very attentive. Mr. Snodgrass,* a Presbyterian minister, is settled 
here for half the time. 

2. Rode to the salt-works. A considerable part of Jefferson and Colum- 
biana Counties appears to be poor land. 

3. The morning quite cold. Had company all day. Rode to Canfield. 
Blessed be God who has given me a most agreeable and prosperous journey 
and a safe return. My cousin Sam. P. was here last week to see me, and 
taking another road to Marietta I have missed him. 

4. Received two letters from my cousin S. P. His preaching here is 
much approved of. Visited. Wrote to my cousins Sam. P. and Hannah at 
Marietta. 

5. Visited families. Set out to ride to the northward, but was stopped 
by rain. Wrote. The people here generally extremely thoughtless. 

6. Quite rainy. Rode to Hubbard. Some thunder. There have been 
no rains to raise the streams before now this fall. 

7. My horse left me ; was found about five miles distant. Afternoon 
preached in a Methodist neighborhood from Rev. xvii : 14. 

8. Preached from Matt, xvii : 5 and Rom. viii : 29. The discourse in the 
afternoon was by request. The Pennsylvania people have very imperfect 
ideas of divine sovereignty and human liberty. Many people here are very 
fond of having meetings and preaching. 

g. Visited many families. Rode to Smithfield. Very pleasant weather. 
This place appears to me more like home than any other in this country. 

ID. Wrote considerably. Wrote to Mr. Badger. Rode out. Quite cold. 
Waters getting high. Have a number of winter things in making. People 
very kind. 



' This may have been Rev. Lyman Potter, is familiar to the school-boys of the past 

a native of Connecticut, and a graduate of generation, if not the present. His Indian 

Dartmouth College, 1799. Mr. Robbins, as name was Tah-Gah-Jute. 

a rule, gives only family names in his diary. ^ Steubenville is the shire town of Jclfer- 

If he had furnished us with the given names son County, Ohio. 

also, the work of identification would be * Rev. James Snodgrass, having charge of 

much more easy. Presbyterian churches at Steubenville and 

' The speech of Logan, the Mingo chief, Island Creek. 



274 DIARV OK REV. THOMAS ROBniNS, D.D. [1805. 

11. Visited fourteen families. The riding getting pretty bad. Some 
families have lately moved into this town. 

12. Rode to Kinsman and preached from Isa. i : 5. Many people here 
not yet recovered from their sickness. The number of people here the sum- 
mer past has been about one hundred and eighty. And the number of 
individuals that has escaped the sickness is less than twenty.' 

13. Rode to Smithfield and preached preparatory to the sacrament from 
I Cor. XI : 30. 

14. • Rode to Hartford and preached a sacrainental lecture from i Cor. xi : 
30. E.xpecting to receive some people here into the church. Their case is 
not so favorable as I could wish. I hope, however, the great Head of 
the Church will take care of this tender vine and preserve it from corruption 
and danger. Last night a great rain. 

15. Preached from Rev. xvii : 14 and John vi : 68, latter part. Adminis- 
tered the sacrament. .Admitted seven elderly people into the church. Bap- 
tized a child. Being disappointed of wine made a composition of brandy, 
vinegar, water, and brown sugar, which answered well ; I presume was not 
perceived. Towards night it snowed considerably; the first we have had, 
sa\ing a turn in October. 

16. Rode to Smithfield over the creek and preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. 
The Methodists have attempted to form a society in this neighborhood. I 
think they will not get great strength. 

17. Rode to Johnston and preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8." This town 
appears likely to settle fast, with a good set of inhabitants. Very bad 
riding. 

18. Rode to Smithtield. Received a letter from the church at Marietta. 
It appears that after cousin Sain. P. arrived there they concluded to have the 
ordination soon, and have accordingly sent an express.'' Wrote to cousin 
S. P., and Gen. Putnam, and to Mr. Potter, of Steubenville. Wrote. 

19. 'Phis day is observed here as a day of Thanksgiving.' Preached from 
Ps. 1: 14. People attended meeting very well. Very warm for the season. 
At evening performed a marriage. Wrote to Mr. Badger. 

20. Rode to Liberty. The roads very muddy. Received from a man 
some unkind treatment and hard words and false accusations. He forbid me 
to preach in his house, which I was expecting to do the Sabbath after next. 
This is the first instance of the kind in this country.' 

21. Rode to Newton.' This is quite a flourishing settlement. I hope a 
favorable prospect here of the future enjoyment of gospel privileges. 

■ This fact itself would make it evident to J;uuiary. The last Thursday of Novem- 

that there must have been some powerful ber has now become the fixed and regular 

local cause for the sickness. day for this observance. 

= At the time he was at Marietta, it will ^ He means prol^ably in his own e.\pe- 

be remembered, it was arranged to have the rience in that country, but the country itself 

ordination not until the first of May. was very young. 

' Thanksgiving Days in the olden times -' Xewton the southwest to\™ in the pres- 

wcrc quite irregular, ranging from October cut Trumbull County. 



1S05.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 275 

22. Preached from Rom. i : i6 and Rev. ,vvi : 15. The people here 
appear much gratified to be visited. Baptized a child. 

23. Rode to Warren and preached from Heb. iv : 9. A young man here 
ven,- bad with the dropsy, succeeding a turn of fever and ague. Received two 
letters from cousin Sam. P., one from my father, and one from my brother 
James. He and my parents have lately been a journey to Plymouth. 

24. It snowed pretty hard all day. Rode to Hartford. ^Missed my wav 
and lost, I believe, a travel of five miles. Had a very tedious day. The snow 
eight or ten inches deep. 

25. Very great warlike preparations by the great nations of Europe. I 
hope the Corsican usurper ' may be humbled, but I fear that it is uncertain. 
Rode to Smithfield. Received a letter from Mr. Badger. He is gone on for 
Marietta and left word for me to come on alone. I think he has not done 
right, as there can be no advantage in his being forward of me.^ Wrote to my 
parents. Can get no member of this church' to go with me to Marietta. 

26. Rode with some others to Kinsman, by an appointment of the people, 
to converse with Mr. Kinsman, respecting his mill-pond. It is agreed on all 
hands, that that is the cause of the late severe sickness in this vicinity. It is 
the general wish that it may be drawn off immediately. I hope he will do it. 
Retumed«to Smithfield. 

27. Set out for Marietta. I have seldom set out on a journey with more 
reluctance or anxiety. I hope, however, in the glorious protection of the God 
who reigns in Zion. The riding extremely bad. Rode to Vienna. 

28. In the forenoon quite rainy. The snow mostly goes off. Rode to 
Liberty. The ground exceedingly wet. The settlement in this town has 
increased considerably this year. 

29. Quite cold. The waters very high. The weather so tedious that few 
people attended meeting. Preached from Mat. xvii : 5 and Rom. xiv : 10. 
The most of the people here appear to care very little about serious things. 

30. Very cold and stormy. Rode to Warren. The Mahoning extremely 
high. I cannot cross. Read an account of a naval victory by Lord Nelson 
over the combined fleets of France and Spain.* I think it was the greatest 
naval action ever fought. The great admiral was slain. Received twenty dol- 
lars from Major Perkins, for which to give an order on the Missionary Society. 

31. Several men with a large keel-boat carried me over the JMahoning. 
Rode to Canfield. This is the first real cold weather we have had this season. 



■ France was formed into an empire and the French and Spanish fleets under .-Vdmiral 
Napoleon made Emperor May i8, 1S04. He Villeneuve, eighteen French and fifteen Span- 
was crowned King of Italy, May 26, 1805. ish vessels, all ships of the line, were de- 
He gained the victory at Austerlitz Dec. 2, feated by Lord Nelson with twenty-seven lirit- 
1805. ish ships of war. Lord Nelson was killed, 

^ Mr. Robbins regarded this as a want of and fell uttering those memorable words, 

courtesy, and so it certainly appears. " England expects every man to do his duty." 

' That is, as a delegate. This victory was gained Oct. 21, 1S05, and 

* This was the battle of Trafalgar, where was a verj- notable event. 



1S06. 

January. 

1. May the Lord God of heaven, who has ever been my father, and my 
father's God, be with me this year, and enable me to devote it to his holy 
service. Left Canfield for Marietta. I have much concern about this jour- 
ney," but I hope I am in the way of duty, and I know I am in safe hands. 
Rode to the salt-works. From New Lisbon had company. 

2. The waters not so high as I feared, having fallen considerably. Rode 
with company to Steubenville. It snowed some. The Ohio is so high 
that I cannot with any safety ride to Marietta, and unless it should fall it 
would be hardly possible to cross the gulfs and runs. Conclude to leave my 
horse here, and go down in a boat. Was very fortunate in finding a Kentucky 
boat ready to start soon. It was a poor one, but tolerable. The accommo- 
dations very indifferent. Procured provision for my passage. Started at six 
o'clock in the evening. The water being so high we floated a little more than 
three miles an hour. 

3. Last night watched till near one o'clock in the morning, and rested 
very little afterward. Got along with much greater ease and safety than I 
expected. The traveling on the banks appears to be quite as bad as I 
imagined. 

4. At three o'clock in the morning I arrived at Marietta. From Steuben- 
ville more than one hundred miles. I had no sleep till after I got here. The 
boatman w-ould take nothing for my passage. I went to a tavern and got a 
good sleep. In the morning found my dear cousin Sam. P. Robbins, and 
crossed the Muskingum to Mr. Gilman's. Very much fatigued. 

5. In the forenoon Mr. Badger preached, in the afternoon my cousin 
Samuel. Mr. Badger and Mr. Potter from Steubenville arrived here last 
Monday, before the waters got very high. I preached in the evening from 
2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. The ground very wet and muddy. 

6. Began a sermon on Matt, xxiv : 14' for the approaching ordination. 
Have a ver)' short time to prepare. In the afternoon the ordaining council 
met and formed, consisting of five ministers. They attended to a particular 
and satisfactory examination of cousin S. P., and arranged the parts for the 
ordination. 

7. This day is observed as a fast previous to the ordination. I did not 
attend till near the close of the second meeting. The church adopted the 



' When it is considered that this journey, ° Text : " And this gospel of the king- 
twice to Marietta back and forth, involved dom shall be preached in all the world, for a 
more than five hundred miles of travel witness unto all nations, and then shall the 
through a new country in the winter season, end come." The circumstances of this ordi- 
one need not wonder that he " had much con- nation in the Western wilderness were quite 
cern about it." peculiar, and his text was impressive. 



278 PIARV OF RF.V. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1806. 

Confession of F;iith, whicli I think considerably defective. Am under poor 
circumstances for writing. 

8. Finislied my sermon near three o'clock in the morning. Very cold. 
Attended the ordination, preached from Matt. .\.\iv : 14. The people suffered 
ver)- much with the cold, the house being quite open.' Some parts of the 
exercises ver\- solemn. I never spoke with so great embarrassment from the 
cold. There is a very happy union among the people. Am almost sick with 
fatigue and want of sleep. 

9. The ice runs considerably. Mr. Badger and Mr. Potter set out on 
their return. I fear they will have a severe time. Read Addison's works. 

10. Severe cold. Read considerably. Read newspapers. Wrote. Had 
company. Bonaparte appears to be successful against the Austrians.^ I fear 
lie will be permitted to make great desolations. 

11. Wrote. Afternoon rode to Belpre.Msy request, to preach with them 
tomorrow. Ground very hard frozen. 

12. They have here a convenient log meeting-house. The people at- 
tended ver}- generally. Preached from Matt, xvii : 5 and Acts .\xviii ; 24. 
The people here wish to hire me to preach with them. I think it cannot be 
consistent with my engagements and duty. 

13. It rained steadily the most of the day. Recei\ed from the people here 
five dollars.* Rode to Marietta. Got considerably wet. 

14. Wrote, completing my last year's diary. The rivers rise very fast. 
Ver\- diflScult crossing. Walked out. 

15. \\'rote to the Missionarj- Society. Very cold. The rivers very full of 
running ice. Am accommodated here with great kindness. 

16. Wrote, copying my late ordination sermon. The thermometer was at 
ten above zero. Considerably unwell with a cold. 

17. Wrote on my sermon. Visited a school, very well instructed. I think 
the weather for a few days has been nearly as severe as any last winter. 

18. Considerably affected with a cold. Verj^ difficult crossing the river. 
^^"rote. Afternoon rode to Belpre. Very hard, rough riding. It snowed 
some. The river continues to be very full of running ice. 

19. Wet and rainy the most of the day. Preached from Heb. xi : 30 and 
Rom. xiv : 10. People quite attentive. They appear to be much in need of 
.sound instruction. 

20. Rode to Newberry' and preached from Alatt. x: 32. Returned to 



' The services of ordination are not often ' This refers to the great battle of ."Kus- 

compressed into less time than two hours, or lerlitz, fought Dec. 2, 1S05. 

two and a half, and to sit in a poorly built ^ As before stated, about twelve or fifteen 

house, without fire, on a severely cold day, miles down the Ohio River, 

for that length of time, was one of the attiic- ■• The price, in Ohio as in New England, 

tions which our fathers had to endure. The seems to have been generally about five dol- 

ministcrs taking part in these services were lars for a Sabbath's services. 

Rev. Joseph Badger, Rev. Thomas Robbins, -' Xewberry (or Xewburv),ashort distance 

Rev. Lyman Potter, Rev. Stephen Lindsley, from Marietta, was probably a part of the 

-..nd Uev. Jacob Lindsley. township of Belpre, and not a town by itself. 



l8o6.] MISSION'ARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 270 

Belpre. Preached in the evening from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. Though the e\-euing 
was quite unpleasant and the going ver\' bad, there was quite a full and 
attentive meeting. 

21. Received from the people here four dollars and a half. Rode to Nog- 
glestown ' and preached from Matt, ix: 9. Ver\- muddy riding. Rode to 
Marietta. Quite tired. 

22. Wrote. Walked out and visited. Was applied to for a copy of my 
sermon preached at the ordination here for publication. Had an application 
to come to this place and take the charge of an academy, with a pretty large 
salar)'. I hope for divine direction, but conclude I cannot comply." Quite 
wet. Roads vet)- muddy. At evening preached from Matt, .xvii : 5. Tarried 
at Gen. Putnam's.' 

23. Rode with my cousin to Salem. Preached to a few people from Matt. 
X : 32. The people here are very stupid and loose, and greatly in want of 
gospel instruction. 

24. Rode down to Marietta. Preached in an out neighborhood from John 
vi : 37. Very warm and pleasant for the season. Maple sap runs. I think 
I have preached more this week than any one since I came to this State.* 

25. Very- warm. Wrote. Afternoon rode to Waterford to spend the 
Sabbath with Mr. Lindsley. My cousin Hannah very sick with an ague in the 
face. Mr. Lindley* quite disappointed in not having heard of my coming. 
The message which I sent failed. The frost nearly out of the ground. 

26. Preached in an out neighborhood from John vi : 37. Quite few peo- 



One of the chief of the early settlers of ' In this entrj- of the diarj' this name is 
Belpre was Col. Ebenezer Battelle, a native spelled, as will be seen, in two different wavs. 
of Dedham, Mass., of the same name of his Dr. Israel W. .\ndre\vs. President of Mari- 
father, a graduate of Harvard College in etta College, in his historical address at the 
1775. He was from the same Dedham an- National Centennial, 1S76, writes the name 
cestor (Thomas Battelle) as the Connecticut Stephen Lindley. He was the pastor of the 
family of this name. In a previous note we Presbyterian church, and had only very re- 
have spoken of the different ways of spelling cently come there at the time of Mr. Rob- 
and pronouncing this family name. Eben- bins's visit. The oldest church in the .State 
ezer Battelle retained the ancient spelling, of Ohio is the Congregational church at Ma- 
but pronounced the word in two syllables in- rietta, which was organized in 1796, and had 
stead of three, as was the custom when the for its first pastor Rev. Daniel .Story, a native 
family first came over and settled at Dedham. of Boston, bom in 1755. The Presbyterian 

' Nogglestown is another place which we church at Marietta was formed some )ears 

cannot identify. later, and its first pastor, Rev. Stephen Lind- 

- His relations with the Missionary So- ley, began his labors there in 1S04. 
ciety were such that it might have seemed a Rev. Manas.seh Cutler, LL. D., scientist 

want of good faith if he had turned again to and minister at Hamilton, Mass., did very 

teaching, though he loved the business of important work for this Ohio company in 

teaching, and was very successful in it. drawing up a plan for a territorial govern- 

' Gen. Rufus Putnam, as we have already ment, which was then a new thing. His 

suggested, was the leading man of this colony. scheme is said to have been a kind of model 

He was born in Sutton, Mass., in 1738, and for subsequent territorial governments. It 

was at that time si.xty-eight years old. was through Dr. Cutler's agency that the 

* He had preached eight times in six days, services of Rev. Mr. Stor\- were secured as 

last past. the early preacher and minister at Marietta. 



28o DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBmNS, D.D. [1806. 

pie. Tlicro was a misunderstanding in appointments. Mr. Lindsley preaches 
on the Sabbath at three different phices. Returned with Mr. Lindsley, and 
preached in the evening to a good number of people, very attentive, from 
Matt, xvii : 5. The people here sing exceedingly well. Mostly New Eng- 
land people, yet Mr. Lindsley's church is Presbyterian." 

27. Rode with Mr. Lindsley to an out neighborhood and preached from 
Heb. xi : 30. There appear to be here a number of quite serious people. 
Visited. 

28. Rode to Marietta without any great coat. Pleasant and warm as 
March. Played backgammon. Mrs. Gilman still quite unwell. 

29. Read. Walked out and visited. At evening preached from Esther 
iv : i6. But few people attended. 

30. Afternoon attended with my cousin at a church meeting. They appear 
to be very well united. At evening attended Mr. Lindsley's stated evening 
meeting and preached from Luke xvi : 9. I fear my cousin may have some 
difficulty with the Presbyterian society here. 

31. Read newspapers. Am very earnestly requested to come and take the 
charge of the academy' in this town. Walked out and visited. The printer 
began the printing of my sermon. There has been for several nights past no 
frost at all. 



1. Wrote. Rainy. Afternoon Mr. Oilman's fine brig sailed down the 
river for New Orleans and Philadelphia.' Yesterday saw a large cable layed 
for it in his rope-walk. The river quite high. 

2. Preached from Rom. x : i and Acts xvii: 31. Sargeant, a sectarian 
imposter, preached in town, and baptized six persons in the name of 
Christ at the river. I fear he will get a number of followers here. Wrote. 
At evening walked out. 

3. Quite cold. Wrote considerably. My cousin S. P. has quite con- 
venient accommodations for study, and appears disposed to be studious. 

4. Wrote. Walked out and visited. Inspected a proof-sheet. Some 
people here alarmed at the progress of Sargeant's doctrines. 

5. Wrote to my parents. Walked out and visited. At evening preached 
from Rom. viii : 29. But few people attended. 



' Already under the Plan of Union the but a fuller statement will be in place. Ben- 
process was going on by which the m.ijority jamin Ives Gilman was a native of Exeter, 
of Congregationalists going from New Eng- N. H., born in 1765, and was in his youth ed- 
land to the West were changed into Tresby- ucated at E.xeter Academy. In 17S9 he went 
terians when they passed beyond the Hud- with his parents (Joseph and Rebecca Gil- 
son River. man) to Marietta, Ohio. In 1790 he re- 

= This was the Muskingum Academy, turned to New England, was united in 

which was organized soon after the beginning marriage with Hannah Chandler, of Ply- 

of the settlement. mouth, and the young bride and bridegroom 

' This was probably its first voyage, for a made a horseback journey through the plains 

few weeks before it was in process of build- and over the mountain's, occupying from 

ing. We have before spoken of Mr. Gilman, twenty-five to thirty days. 



lSo6.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 281 

6. Rode with my cousin to Salem' and preached from Rev. xvi : 15. 
Rode to an outer neighborhood in Marietta, and preached in the evening from 
John xviii : 37. Very cold. People attended these meetings very well. 

7. Rode into town. A very cold rain. Read newspapers. Bonaparte 
makes rapid strides in Germany.^ Wrote. 

8. Finished the copy of my sermon for the printer. A very hard rain. 
.\fternoon rode to Belpre.' Very bad riding. 

g. Quite cold. Preached from John vi : 37 and Esther iv : 16. People 
quite attentive. They have heretofore been very much divided in their 
opinions. At evening preached again from John xviii : 37. Quite tired. 

10. Received of the people here five dollars and a half. Visited. The 
people here met and requested me to preach with them as much as I can. I 
have agreed to supply them on the Sabbath generally, in case I take charge 
of the Academy at Marietta. Expected to have crossed the river to the mouth 
of the little Kanawha * to preach, but the ferriage being so bad 1 did not dare 
to attempt it. 

11. Rode to Marietta. The river and tributary streams very high. Was 
necessitated to ride considerably in the woods. 

12. Walked out and visited. At evening attended a conference with 
cousin S. P. Expounded upon the first chapter of Matthew. There appear 
to be some unpleasant prejudices here between the two societies.' 

13. Visited. Some people here appear to be considerably alarmed at the 
progress of sectarian Sargeant. Was applied to, to answer him publicly, but 
concluded it will not be expedient. 

14. Wrote. Read newspapers. The prospect of our foreign relations with 
several nations is pretty embarrassing. Bonaparte assumes a dictatorial tone 
towards our minister.* 

15. Afternoon had a long talk with Sargeant. He is very artful, and 
appears very destitute of seriousness. I think he means to hold his system 
comformable to circumstances. A thunder-shower. 

16. Yesterday my cousin rode to Belpre, and left me to preach for them. 
Preached from Ex. xx : 8 and Num. x : 29. Full and very attentive meeting. 
At evening walked out. 

17. Rainy. Assisted in forming a plan for an academical school. Yes- 
terday Mr. Oilman left home to go down the river in a vessel from Pittsburgh." 
Walked out and visited. 



' Salem was made a town in 1797. ' The Presbyterian and the Congrega- 

' Bonaparte established the kingdoms of tional churches. The Congregational church 

Ba\-aria and Wurtemberg in 1S05. was organized here in 1796. and the Presby- 

^ Belpre (a French name meaning beau- terian a little later, 
ful meadow or field) was the second place '' Our Minister to France, at this time, 

settled by the Ohio Company. Marietta, Bel- was Hon. John .Armstrong, of Pennsylvania, 

pre, and Waterford were incorporated as appointed to the place by Jefferson in 1S04. 
towns in 1790, and these are the oldest towns ' In a vessel which was coming down the 

in Ohio. river from Pittsburgh. By the windings of 

■• This would have taken him over to the the river Mariett.i is more than one hundred 

Virginia side. miles below Pittsburgh. 



282 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROEBINS, D.D. [1806. 

18. My cousin S. P. and Hannah gave me cloth and trimmings for a coat, 
which cost about fifteen dollars. Quite uncomfortably warm. At evening 
preached extempore from John vi : 44. Preparing for my journey. 

19. A committee of the Academy here called on me with their application 
that I would engage as an instructor. On condition that my parents consent, 
I have given encouragement of undertaking next fall. Was expecting to set 
out on my journey, but my company was not ready. Drank tea at Col. 
Meigs's.' At evening preached from Gen. vii : 16. My sermon at cousin's or- 
dination is published, and pretty well executed. 

20. Quite rainy. Left Mr. Oilman's and crossed the Muskingum. The 
rain re-commencing, concluded to tarr)- till tomorrow. My cousin Jane gave 
me a gold ring." Traded. 5.25. 

21. Set out for New Connecticut. The people here promised a horse for 
me to ride to Sleubenville, and a young man to bring it back. Rode twenty- 
eight miles. The water rising pretty fast. Very bad riding. Some trees on 
the bank of the river begin to appear green. 

22. The creeks and guts of the river verj' high and difficult to be crossed. 
Rode twenty-five miles. Crossed the Ohio. At evening preached to a few 
people from Matt, xvii : 5. The first time I ever preached in Virginia. 

23. Rode twenty-five miles to Grave Creek. In the evening preached to 
a good number of people from Rom. i : 16. This is, I believe, the first time 
that I ever traveled on a journey on a Sabbath. Towards night the river 
be'^an to fall. Treated with much kindness on tli^ road. 

24. Rode to Steubenville. Found my horse in very good order. A good 
many boats starting down the river. At evening wrote to my cousin S. P. 

25. Visited Mr. Potter. Paid the tavern keeper for keeping my horse, 
since I went down, $13.50, of which ten were given me at Marietta for that 
purpose. I think he was quite reasonable in his charge.^' Rode on my 
journey to Weirs.' At evening wrote considerably. 

26. Rode to New Lisbon. At evening preached from Rom. i: 16. A 
good number of people attended. The ground is pretty well settled. 



' This was Col. Return Jonathan Meigs, Mass., had a daughter, Jane Prince Robbins, 

Senior or Junior. The first was a Revolu- born in 1764, who in 17S7 married Francis 

tionary soldier, and was one of the leaders of Le Baron Goodwin, and died in Maine in 

the Ohio Company, and drew up the system iSoi. It would seem, therefore, that the 

of regulations for the guidance of the Ma- diary meant to say she had left him a ring, 

rietta colonv, which was posted on an oak which probably in the difficulty of transmis- 

tree near the confluence of the Ohio and sion had not reached him till then. 

Muskingum Rivers. ^ He left his horse there on the 2d day of 

Col. Meigs, Jr., was made Governor of January, and it was now February 25, nearly 

Ohio in iSio. He was a graduate of Yale eight weeks, so that the charge was less than 

Colle"e in 1785. and was Senator at Wash- twenty-five cents a day, which was certainly 

ington, and fudge of Supreme Court in Ohio. reasonable. 

The Meigs familv came from Middletown, ■* This place does not now appear on the 

Ct. Both father and son were natives of list of Ohio towns, or in the post office 

that town. directory, and was probably some temporary 

= Or. Chandler Robbins, of Plymouth, designation. 



l8o6.] MISSIONARY IN" NEW CONNECTICUT. 283 

27. Rode to Canfield. Having obtained help of the Lord, I have now 
completed a journey which I undertook with great anxiety, but from a sense 
of duty. God has been with me all the time, and has given me the greatest 
occasion to remember his unmerited kindness and love. In the morning paid 
a saddler $2.50. The season here appears more backward than on the Ohio. 
Read newspapers. 

28. Wrote considerably. Wrote to my father. Cold and squalls of snow. 
Walked out and visited. Several people here are sick. 



1. Visited families all day. At evening had a little conference with 
church-members." It appears to be a time of great stupidity here. Very cold. 

2. The grpund very hard frozen. Had a pretty full meeting. Preached 
from Matt, xviii : 3 and Gen. vi : 3. Rode to Boardman and preached in the 
evening from Esther iv : 16. 

3. Rode to the upper part of Boardman. Visited an afflicted family, the 
man in a dying state with an apoplexy. At evening preached from John 
xi : 23. While I was preaching in the same room he expired." 

4. Rode to Smithfield. The ground quite dr)- for the season. The 
streams low. Some people have lately arrived here with families from 
Connecticut. 

5. Walked out. At evening preached from John vi : 44. The people 
here appear quite anxious to procure a preacher. 

6. Visited. Rode to Hartford. Preached in the evening from John 
xviii : 37. People here attend meetings well, but appear pretty unfeeling 
with regard to the great interests of eternity. 

7. Rode to Vienna. It snowed considerably. Very bad riding. Preached 
in Brookfield from John vi : 44. The people here engaged about schooling. 

8. Rode to Youngstown. Preached in an outer part of the town from 
Matt, xvii : 5. Rode about seventeen miles before preaching, and then 
preached without eating. I think it did me an injur)-. A very good mill 
lately built here. 

9. Rode into China and preached from John vi : 37 and Rom. xiv : 10. 
Verv cold. Rode to Boardman and preached in the evening, where the man 
lately died, from Esther iv : 16. Several quite serious people here. Had full 
meetings. 

10. Rode to Stanford and preached from Matt, x : 32. Baptized two chil- 
dren. My lungs ver\- sore. It snowed some. Ver\- bad riding. Returned 
to China. 

11. Visited. Hurt my horse so that he is something lame. Rode to 
WaTen. The county court in session here. 

12. Received two letters from the Missionarj' Society, one containing a 
re-appointment for me as a missionar)'. Received one from my cousin James 



■ He is still at Canfield, where he came = A scene like this would not be likely to 

on the 27th o£ March. transpire except in a new country. 



284 UIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS. D.D. [1806. 

with an Almanac, and one from cousin S. 1'. at Marietta. Wrote to Dr. 
Stronsj, of Hartford. 

13^ Attended the court. Litigation increases here consideraljly. 1 his 
court was divided into two at the late session of the Legislature. Read news- 
papers. It appears that Bonaparte has met with a repulse ' in Germany. 

,4 Wrote to Aaron Gates/ a voung preacher in Hartland, Ct., requesting 
him to come into this county. Rode to Bolton.' Bad riding. Preached in 
the evening to four persons. The first sermon ever preached in the town. 
There are but two families here ; came from Colebrook.- Preached from Matt. 

X : ^2. 

iV Rode to Nelson. Troubled with a pain in my breast. Preached in 
an out neighborhood from Estiier iv : 16. Quite cold. 

16. Preached from Ex. xx : 8 and John vi : 37. The people here gener- 
ally keep meetings on the Sabbath. Some are ver)- loose and stupid. 

17. Visited families. Attended the raising of a log-house. A remarkably 
fine season for making sugar. Prepared this Almanac. 

iS. Rode out and visited. Wrote. Began a letter to my mother. 

19. Rode out and visited. At night a hard rain with a good deal of 
thunder. People here of different religious sentiments. 

20. Rode to Mantua.' The streams high. My pain at the breast is such 
that I do not feel it to be duty to try to preach. Read the Bible. 

21. Very cold for the season. Went out with some men to take up a bee- 
tree. A great deal of honey has been taken in that way this year. 

22. Rode out and visited families. Read considerably. Some families 
lately moved into this town from New England. 

23. Preached from i\Litt. xvii : 5 and Rom. xiv : 10. Quite winter 
weather. Very little appearance of seriousness here. 

24. Rode to Aurora.' The ground pretty hard frozen. Am trying to take 
the number of families in the county. 

2^. Read newspapers. I fear that the pain at my breast does not moder- 
ate much. 

26. It snowed almost all day. Rode to Hudson." The riding very bad. 
Tarried at Owen Brown's, formerly from Norfolk. Read. 

27. Walked out and visited. Read newspapers. This settlement appears 
to be increasing favorably. 

28. Warm spring weather. All this month hitherto has been cold. My 

' There does not seem to have been any at East Hartland. He died in Barkhamp- 

grcai battle between the French and allied sted, Ct., April 4, 1850. 

forces about this time to justify this rumor. ' We do not find any town of Bolton now 

^ This request sent to Mr. Gates did not on the Western Reserve, but it was probably 

prove effectual. Mr. Gates was born in East in the western part of Trumbull County-, as 

Haddam, Ct., Aug. 12, 1780, was graduated Nelson, which seems to have been not far 

at Williams College, 1S04, studied theology off, is the northeast town of Portage County, 

with Dr. Joseph Lathrop, of West Spring- ♦ Colebrook, Litchfield County, Ct. 

field, was pastor at Montague, Mass., 1S07- -' Mantua is in Portage County. 

iS:;, at South Church, .\mherst, Mass., 1832- <■ .Aurora also in Portage County. 

1^35, and was afterwards settled (or a time " Hudson is in Summit County. 



lSo6.] MISSIONARY IN NEW CONNECTICUT. 285 

great coat and mittens have never been burdensome, though they were not 
needed several times in Februar)\ Preached a sacramental lecture from Rev. 
xvi: 15. 

29. Rode out and visited families. Bad riding. Read. The Methodist 
influence in this town is becoming ver\- small. 

30. Preached from Num. X : 29 and Ps. xiv : i. Administered tiie sacra- 
ment. There were twenty-two communicants. We had a good meeting. 
Baptized four children. Wrote church records. 

31. Quite feeble. Very warm for the season. Visited. Rode to Stowe. 
Am trj'ing to take the number of families in the county. 

April. 

1. Rode to Northampton." This settlement new, but its prospects are 
ver)- good. Afternoon preached from Matt, x: 32. The first sermon ever 
preached in the town. Baptized a child. 

2. Rode to Stowe. Quite cold. Preached from Rom. i : 16. The first 
sermon ever preached in the town. The people appear ven,- careless about 
serious things. Rode to Hudson. Quite feeble. 

3. Rode to Rootstown. The settlements in this quarter increasing con- 
siderably. Several mills are building. 

4. Visited. Some ver}' good families here. Rode to Palmyra." Quite 
warm for the season. The pain in my breast quite steady and pretty hard. 

5. Last night caught cold. Had a pretty bad lodging. Rode to New- 
ton. Wrote, though with considerable difficulty. 

6. Preached in Mahoning, the first sermon in the town, from Joiin vi : 37 
and Gen. xvii : 12. Very tired. Several serious people here may probably 
soon be united with the Warren church. Rainy. This settlement increases 
much. 

7. Rode to \\"arren. At night much distressed with pain and weakness. 
I desire to leave my case wholly with God, who has always remembered me in 
his love. 

8. Visited. Played a little at ball. People appear quite unwilling to 
have me leave the countr)' ; but if my health will admit I think I must soon. 
Received an excellent letter from my father, one from my brother James, and 
one from my brother Battell.^ 

9. Received of Maj. Perkins'' forty dollars, and gave him an order on the 



' Northampton is in Loraine County. sha Hyde, James Johnston, Samuel Mather, 
^ Palmyra is in Portage County. Jr., Ephraim Kirby, Solomon Gri.swold, Oli- 
^ Joseph Battell, of Norfolk, Ct. ver Phelp.s, William Hart, Henr)- Cham- 
■* Major Enoch Perkins, one of the Con- pion 2d, Asher Miller, Robert C. Johnson, 
necticut Land Company. The original num- Ephraim Root, Nehemiah Hubbard, Jr., Solo- 
ber of persons composing this Company was mon Cowles, Oliver Phelps, Asahel Hatha- 
thirty-five or six, who gave their bonds for way, John Caldwell, Timothy Burr, Luther 
different sums, the total making the whole Loomis, William Lyman, Moses Cleaveland, 
purchase money §1,200,000. These original Samuel P. Lord, Roger Newberry, Ephraim 
names were Joseph Howland, Elias Morgan, Starr, Sylvanus Griswold, Joseph Stocking, 
Caleb Atwater, Daniel Holbrook, Joseph Titus Street, James Ball, and P.crpont Ed- 
Williams, William Love, William Judd, Eli- wards. 



286 



DIARY OF RF.V. THOMAS ROBBINS, B.D. [1806. 



Missionan- Society of sixty. The remainder I received last December. Rode 
to Canfield. Quite cold. 

10. Very cold. Considerable snow. \\'rote. I think the pain m my 
breast is considerably alarming. Wrote to the Missionary Society. Cold 
winter weather. 

11. Endeavored to employ myself with trifles, appearing the most likely to 
help my complaints. People are moving. I fear these settlements will be 
injured bv a great accession of Dutch people. 

12. Rode out and visited. Rode to Boardman. Am poorly able to preach 
tomorrow. If I never preach much inore, I hope to be thankful that I have 
been allowed to tr\- to labor in the field so long. Visited. 

13. Preached with a ver\- low voice and short exercises from Rev. .xvii : 14 
and Rev. .\.\ii : 20, first part. Towards evening performed a marriage. Yes- 
terday Mr. Fowler," of Poland, was drowned in the Big Beaver. Rode to Can- 
field. Weather moderates. 

14. Rode with company to Hartford. Am obliged to ride upon a walk. 
Militar)- companies make rather an indifferent appearance. 

15. Rode to Smithfield. Met with the Ecclesiastical Convention.' No 
other minister was present. Did considerable business. Finished in the 
evening. Shower}'. 

16. Quite unwell and fatigued. Hope however the pain at my breast is 
not quite so hard as it has been. A verj- backward season. Grass has grown 
very little, and I have seen no blossoms. 

17. Bonaparte appears to be a terror of nations. The people here building 
a good school-house. 

18. Wrote considerably. Worked some abroad. Rode to Hartford. 
Pretty good riding. 

19. Wrote to my cousin S. P. Rode out. Warm, though the season very 
backward. Read the Bible. 

20. Attended meeting. So unwell that I concluded not to preach. Have 



These were the men who dealt directly Since writing the above we find a. few 

with the State of Connecticut, and became names more that seem to belong in this same 

responsible for the p.iyment of the $1,200,000. connection. If they were not regular mem- 

But there were quite a number of other men bers they were sub-members. These names 

who became members of the company, and are John Morgan, Nathaniel Shalon, Samuel 

shared in the benefits of the purchase, and in Fowler, Samuel P. Lord, Nathaniel Gorham, 

the payment of the debt. Some of these Williams Parks, Joshua Canfield (who prob- 

were Daniel L. Coit (who probably gave the ably gave the name to the town of Canfield), 

name to Coitsville), Uriah Tracy, Elijah CalebStrong, Samuel Hinckley, Elijah Wads- 

Boardman, Uriel Holmes, Jr., Gideon Gran worth. Jeremiah Wilco.x, and Samuel Park- 



man. 



ger, Peleg Sanford, Ebenezer King, Jr., John 

Stoddard, David King, Enoch Perkins, Jona- ' Mr. Jonathan Fowler, before mentioned. 

than Brace, Joshua Stowe (who probably - This was the convention or conference 

gave the name to Stowe), Aaron Olmsted, organized the year before in connection with 

and John Wyles. There were eight more Rev. Messrs. Badger and Bacon. Though 

whose names we do not know, making the small as to its numbers it was an important 

whole number of the members of the Land organization in the early history of the great 

Company, after the enlargement, fifty-seven. State of Ohio. 



lSo6.] MISSIONARY IX NEW CONNECTICUT. 287 

not missed a Sabbalh before for a year and a half. Prayed, gave out the 
psalms, and made some remarks on the sermons which were read. 

21. Rode and visited families. I think riding hurts me as much as any- 
thing. People making improvements quite fast. 

22. Rode to Smithfield. Wrote to my parents. Walked out. Ver)- good 
fish are caught in the streams here. 

23. Marked and appointed a place for setting apple-trees in the form of 
circles. Am much relieved of pain in my breast. 

24. I am apprehensive that my complaints arise in a great measure from 
bilious affections. In the morning a very hard frost. The peach blossoms 
are just out. 

25. Wrote considerably on the records of churches. Have considerable of 
that kind of business to do.' Walked out and visited. 

26. Writing is pretty hard for me. Rode to Johnston. Visited. The 
settlement here increasing favorably. 

27. Preached from Isa. Ixiii : 17; Rev. xvi : 15. jVfter meeting quite 
unwell. Scarcely able to sit up. The pain in my breast ver\' hard. 

28. Visited families. But just able to walk about. A prospect of a ver}- 
good settlement here. I hope the way may be open for the settlement of a 
minister in this vicinity shortly. 

29. Am some better. Rode to Smithfield. Received a letter from G. W. 
Hawley, of Morgan. Quite cool. 

30. Quite sick. It appears like a beginning of a bilious fever. My ves- 
sels appear to be much pressed. Sent for a physician. 

M.1Y. 

1. Have considerable fever. Am very feeble, and can eat nothing. It is 
a peculiar favor for me that I am here." 

2. Kept the house entirely. Have the best attendants. Sent and bought 
wine. 

3. Hope I am some better. Rode out a little way. I think it my duty to 
set out for home as soon as I can conveniently. 

4. Attended meeting. Prayed three times, gave the psalms, and made 
remarks on the sennons which were read. \'er)' warm. Towards e\ening 
performed a marriage. 

5. Think I am getting better. Fires broke out with violence. Was 
out among them considerably.^ Got verf much worried. Attended a military 
muster. Prayed with the company. They appear very well. 

6. The air very full of smoke. Fires run with great violence. Wrote rec- 
ords for the Ecclesiastical Convention. I think so much writing is injurious 
to me, but I cannot well avoid it. 

7. Rainy. Played ball some. Wrote. Walked out and visited. 

8. Last night there was a ball near here, and two )Oung women, members 



• Ever since he was at Marlborough, Ct., ^ That is, with some family in Smithfield. 

in 1798, he had had more or less of this work ^ He has singular ways of spending his 

to do. He was naturally of an exact, syste- time during convalescence. One day he is 

matic, clerkly nature. sick, and the next he is fighting fever. 



288 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1806. 

of the churcli, attended and danced.' Visited tliem. One appears very hum- 
ble, the otiier ver\' hardened. 

9. I trust my health is mending considerably. \\'rote a long letter to 
Mrs. Hamilton, of .'\ustinburgh, respecting her leaving her husband. Rode 
out and visited. Waters verj- high. 

10. Wrote to Mr. Mills Case, of Austinburgh. Rode out and visited. 
Had a new coat made. 

11. Had a very full and .solemn meeting. Preached from Rom. x : 20 and 
Rev. .\.\ii : 20. One young woman made a public confession for joining in 
the ball. Spoke largely upon the subject. Received two persons into the 
church. Baptized a child. \'ery tired, but was carried through the day much 
better than I feared. 

12. U'rote an address to the Missionary Society for the people here. 
Rode to Kinsman. \'isited. Exchanged horses with Gen. Smith. Gave him 
twenty-five dollars. 

13. Visited families. People appear very reluctant at my leaving them. 
I feel disagreeably and anxious for them. Took a public leave of them last 
Sabbath. 

14. Wrote to G. W. Hawley and John Andrews. Had some clothes made. 
Rode out. Preparing for my journey. At evening preached from John xvi : 
13, first clause. Baptized a child. 

15. Took an affectionate leave of friends, and set out on my journey. 
May the Lord God of heaven carr\- me safely to my father's house. Rode to 
Vienna. / 

i6. Rode to Warren. Bad riding./ Am quite feeble for traveling. Re- 
ceived of -Maj. Perkins forty dollars, and gave him an order on the Missionary' 
Society. People appear sufficiently unwilling to have me leave them. 

17. Rode to Canfield. Quite warm. Have considerable pain at my 
breast. Visited. 

18. Preached from Acts viii : 8 and Zech. ix : 12. Baptized two children. 
At even read the newspapers. I am considerably encouraged with society 
prospects in this place. 

19. Wrote to my father, to Esq. Smith, and Dr. \\'right, of Smithfield. 
Rainy. Am quite too feeble to pursue my journey. Visited. 

20. Visited families. It is prettv' tr}-ing to leave faithful friends. Rode to 
Boardnian. Rainy. Concluded to tarrj' here till tomorrow. 

21. Quite feeble and sick. Left Xew Connecticut. Rode to Beers. How 
many and ricii are the mercies I have received from God since I first entered 
that district Nov. 24th, 1S03. 

22. Met with much kindness. Rode through Beaver to Knox's. A Dutch 
ferr\man at the Beaver would take no pay as I was a preacher. Quite warm. 
Met some Jersey families moving to New Connecticut. 

23. Rode to Pittsburgh. Rode entirely upon a walk. My horse is e.x- 
ceedingly g ' ■ . d with my old friend Col. Perrj-. 

' B.-ilIs seem to be a worse institution, or they were then reckoned to be in Xe\y Eng- 
at least with a worse reputation, in Ohio than land. 



l8o6.] MISSIONARY IX NEW COXNECTICUT. 289 

24. Concluded to go to the Forks of Yough to see my friends there ; but 
hearing of a sacrament at Peters Creek concluded to go and attend it. Very 
kindly received by Mr. Woods. 

25. Attended the sacramental occasion. There were nearly a thousand 
people. About two hundred communicants. I administered at the first and 
the fourth tables. The season was comfortable, but no special work of grace 
appears. There was no sermon after the ordinance. 

26. Attended meeting. Very full. Preached from Rom. i: i6 with great 
freedom, to an audience ver)^ attentive. Rode a few miles. 

27. Quite unwell. My late fatigue almost too much. Am in a \er\- kind 
family. Concluded to stay till tomorrow. Had some clothes washed, ^^'rote. 
Yery warm for the season. 

28. Rode to the Forks of Yough. Crossed Monongahela. Much op- 
pressed with the heat. Find many friends. It is nearly two years since I was 
here. A very great prospect of crops of fruit. 

29. Visited. Mr. Wiley has been settled in the ministry here since I was 
here. Afternoon preached to a small serious meeting from Rev. .xvi : 15. 

30. Rainy. Read. Rode out and visited. Wrote to Mr. Chapin,' ex- 
pected as a missionary to New Connecticut. 

31. Set out on my journe}-. Crossed the Yohoghany. Rode to the foot 
of the Chestnut Ridge, the first of the mountains. Verj- wann. 

JPNB. 

1. Concluded not to travel today. There being no meeting near re- 
mained all day at the tavern. Read several of Paul's Epistles. Wrote. The 
pain in my breast considerably severe. Wrote to my cousin S. P. R. at 
Marietta. 

2. Rode on my journey. Crossed Chestnut Ridge and Laurel Hill.^ 
Met many moving families, mostly from Jersey. 

3. Tarried last night at Somerset.^ Quite cool. Crossed the Alleghany 
Mountain.' Met Mr. Chapin ' going as a missionary to New Connecticut. I 
ride wholly on the walk. Some magnificent prospects on the mountains. 

4. Passed through Bedford.* Bought me an umbrella for four dollars. 
Met a good many road-wagons. There appears to be but a little grain grow- 
ing on the mountains. 

5. Crossed Sideling Hill, and the North Mountain, the Conecoche.ague 



' Rev. Calvin Chapin, D. D., the life-long counties in Pennsylvania, bounded on the 

pastor, 1794-1S51, at Rocky Hill, Ct., cor- south by Virginia. 

porate member of Yale. His mission to * This is the highest ride in this land of 

Ohio was like that of Mr. Robbins's father to mountains. 

Central New York, a Connecticut pastor on ' It may be that Rev. Calvin Chapin, 

a preaching and sur\'e)'ing tour through the already spoken of as commissioned for this 

new settlements. service, met Rev. Mr. Robbins by some pre- 

^ These are the western ridges of the vious arrangement, or it may have been 

Alleghany Mountains. accidental. 

^ Somerset is the shire town of Somerset ' Bedford is the shire town of Bedford 

Countj', and this is in the southern tier of County adjoining Somerset. 



290 



DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1806. 



Valley. I desire to acknowledge the goodness of God who has once more 
brought me to this side of the mountains. I think my health grows better. 

(>. Very warm. Rode through Chanibersburgh,' a flourishing town. 
Ride in the sun with my umbrella. 

7. Rode to within three miles of Vork.° I have traveled this week one 
hundred and si.xty-si.x miles, and walked my horse all the way.' I think this 
is not so fine a countrj- as on the Carlisle road. The heat very oppressive. 
Eat green peas. 

8. Rode into York.'' In the forenoon attended the meeting of the 
German Lutherans. All the e.xercises were in Dutch. Afternoon preached 
in the English meeting-house from Rom. i: i6. Am treated witli much 
politeness. 

9. Wrote. \\'rote to my father. This day is a fair in this town. A great 
collection of people. Highly entertaining to a stranger. German habits are 
on many accounts agreeable. A great degree of good humor and tolerable 
temperance prevails. Wrote to Gen. Smith, New Connecticut. Visited. 
Formed some agreeable acquaintance. 

10. Rode on my journey. Crossed the Susquehannah, and came to Lan- 
caster.^ ^'ery hot. The Susquehannah at Columbia a mile and a quarter in 
width. A turnpike road is made from there to Philadelphia of stone. 

11. Very hard riding on the turnpike. Lancaster appears to be a rich 
town. Crossed some ver)' fine stone bridges. Arches of thirty and forty feet. 
The one over the Conestoga is very* fine. Continue to ride almost wholh' 
upon a walk. Eat cherries. 

12. Spent the most of the day with Mr. J. D. Perkins,' now a preacher. 
Rode a few miles. This a very fertile and finely cultivated country. 

13. Rode to Philadelphia.' The bridge over the Schuylkill exceeds any- 
thing of the kind in America. Three arches, the middle one one hundred and 
eighty feet. Most elegantly covered. The cost nearly $300,000. This city 
exceedingly defective in turrets and spires. The water-works very useful 
and magnificent. 

14. Last night quite sick. Find friends very kind and agreeable. 

15. In the forenoon heard ISIr. Janew'ay' preach. Afternoon with some 
difficulty preached for him from Rom. i : 16. Towards evening heard Mr. 
Hay,' an English Independent, lately settled here. Find some apparently 
very serious people. 



' Chambersburgh, the shire town of Frank- minister, was a native of Plainfield, Ct., the 

lin County. He still holds his course through same town where Dr. Perkins, of metallic 

the southern tier of counties. tractors memorj', resided. He was gradu- 

• This day's journey took him across ated at Yale College in 1791. 

Adams County into York. York County " Across Chester and Delaware Counties, 

also bounds south on Virginia. « Rev. Jacob J. Janeway, D. D. He re- 

' lictween twenty-eight and twenty-nine ceived his degree of D. D. from Middlebury 

miles a day. College, Vt., in 1S14. 

' York is the shire town of York County. •> Probably Rev. James Hay, D. D., a na- 

5 The shire town of Lancaster County. five of Scotland. His title of D. D. was 

This also touches Virginia on the south. conferred upon him by Miami College in 

^ Rev. John D. Perkins, a Presbyterian 1S38. 



lSo6.] GOING HOME FROM NEW CONNECTICUT. 29I 

i6. In the forenoon attended to the eclipse of the sun. It was nearly 
total. The sky very clear. One star was very- visible. Dined with Mr. 
Greenleaf. Viewed Beale"s Museum. Visited several respectable families 
by invitation. Walked on the wharves. The business here does not appear 
to equal New York. The banks very" elegant and notable buildings. 

17. Bought a ticket in Smithfield and Russelton turnpike lottery,' Number 
30.061, and have in my own determination, given its avails, Lf any, to a friend. 
Price §6. 50. Left Philadelphia. Roads very- dry- and dusty. Rode to 
Bristol.^ My horse something lame. 

18. Very- hot weather. Rode in New Jersey for the first time. Rode 
through Trenton and Princeton.^ The bridge'' at Trenton on many accounts 
the best in the United States. The piers and abutments are of hewn stone, 
five arches, three of two hundred feet each. Length within the abutments 
one thousand and sixty-two feet. Cost §150,000. It appears like durability. 
Viewed Princeton College.' About one hundred and eighty- students. To- 
wards evening stopped with rain. 

19. Jersey very- level. Saw and conversed considerably with the French 
ambassador.' Quite cool. Rode thirty-three miles, the furthest that I have 
any day on my journey. Tarried at Newark. This State is pleasant, but not 
so fertile as Pennsylvania. 

20. Made a visit to Mr. Griffin.' Saw the Tunisian ambassador." Rode 
to New York. Am rejoiced to be again east of the Hudson. Came to Mrs. 
^^■atson's.' Kindly received. Mr. Watson died after a long, severe illness, 
Mav i5ih. Walked out. This city has much increased since I was here five 
y-ears ago. 

21. Visited Dr. Rodgers.'" Walked to the State Prison on an alarm of fire. 



' The sentiment then about lotteries ver)' ulon Butler, while he lived at Wilkesbarre, 

different than at present. and in 1S06 removed to New York, where he 

' Bristol is in Bucks County, Peim. became ver)- eminent as a lawyer. 

3 Trenton and Princeton, both in Mercer ' The ambassador from Tunis had re- 
counts-, Xew Jersey. cently arrived in this country on a special 

* Across the Delaware River. errand. Our vessels at that time had been 

5 This college planted at Elizabethtown, blockading Tripoli, and a Tunisian cruiser, 

N. J., in 1746, was removed to Newark in with two prizes in tow, undertook to run into 

174S, and in 1757 to its permanent home in the port of Tripoli in spite of the blockade, 

Princeton. It had distinguished men for its and was captured. In a special message by 

early presidents, but their terms of office President Jefferson to Congress, April 14, 

were short : Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, 1746- 1806, he says : " The Bey (of Tunis) preferred 

1747; Rev. Aaron Burr, 1748-1757 ; Rev. e.xplaining himself by an ambassador to the 

Jonathan Edwards, 1757-1758; Rev. Samuel United States, who, on his arrival, renewed 

Davies, 1759-1761. At the time of Mr. Rob- the request that the vessels and prizes should 

bins's visit the president was Samuel Stan- be restored. It was deemed proper to give 

hope Smith, D. D., LL. D., 1795-1812. this proof of friendship (viz., that of returning 

*■ The French ambassador at that time, the vessels) to the Bey and the ambassador." 
was Gen. Terreau, envoy extraordinar)-. ' Widow of Mr. James Walson, noticed 

' This was the same George Griffin, grad- frequently in the early years of the diary, 
uate of Yale, 1797, whom Mr. Robbins found '° Rev. John Rodgers, D. D.. of the Wall 

at Wilkesbarre, Penn , on his journey out to Street Church, the oldest Presbyterian church 

Ohio. He married the daughter of Col. Zeb- in New York. 



202 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1806. 

A very expensive city hall building. Wrote. Quite cool to what we have 
had. Have a good many acquaintances here. 

22. Preached in the afternoon from Rom. i: i6 for Dr. Rodgers. Found 
mv cousin Henry Starr." I believe the ministers are quite serious preachers. 
A vast number of people on the public walk. 

2^. \"isited some acquaintance. Saw a most extraordinary edition of 
Hume's History. Dined with Mr. Hopkins. Excessive hot. It seems impos- 
sible that people can long continue healthy. Visited Mr. Trumbull.' Saw 
his paintings. Excepting the Falls of Niagara, the greatest curiosity I have 
ever seen. Visited Eben Watson.^ 

24. Vesterday wrote to Maj. Perkins,' of New Connecticut. Wrote to my 
cousin Mr. Oilman. Towards night left New York. Rode eleven miles. 
The country here has suffered considerably from" a drought. Am obliged to 
ride my usual gait, on a walk. 

25. Very warm. Am much rejoiced, and I pray for thankfulness that I 
am once more in my dear native State. Called on Dr. Lewis.' Rode to 
Canaan to Mrs. Mitchell's. Mr. Mitchell' died suddenly last fall. Find 
much kindness. 

26. Rode to Ridgefield and to Danbury. Meet a very cordial welcome 
from old friends. I think I have much better health, in the mercy of God, 
than when I set out on my journey. 

27. Walked out and visited. Many heads of families have died here since 
I lived in this town. Got acquainted with Rev. Mr. Ward.' An agreeable 
man. This town appears to increase in numbers and wealth. 

28. Visited all day. A very great alteration in the religious character of 
the people here in a few years. Now the most of the best families are serious 
people. Have to answer very many inquiries respecting the western country. 

29. Preached for Mr. Ward all day, from Num. x: 29 and Luke xv. 17. 



' Henry Starr, son of Rev. Peter Starr, ^ Rev. Justus Mitchell, not o£ the town of 

of Warren, Ct. This cousin was graduated Canaan, Ct., but of the Canaan Parish in 

at Williams College, 1S04. He first began Norwalk, now known as the tovrn of New 

to study theology under President Dwight, Canaan. Mr. Robbins either misunderstood 

but soon turned to the law, studying in the Mrs. Mitchell in her statement as to the time 

Law School at Litchfield, Ct. He afterwards of her husband's death, or else he made a 

established himself in his profession at Gin- slip of his pen in writing. In the Vale Tri- 

cinnati, and was a lawyer of some prominence. ennial and in the contributions to EccUsiasti- 

' Col. John Trumbull, the painter, son of cal History of Connecticut his death stands as- 

Gov. Jonathan Trumbull, of Lebanon, Ct., signed to 1S06. Writing to Franklin B. Dex- 

graduate of Harvard College in 1773, born ter, A. M., of the Yale College Library, of 

1756, died in New Haven, 1S43, at the age this discrepancy, he shows that Mr. Mitchell 

of eighty-seven. died Feb. 25, 1806. Mr. Robbins meant to 

' This is the E. Watson with whom Mr. say probably, "last winter " instead of "last 
Robbins has been in the habit of correspond- fall." Dr. Robbins had a reputation for ac- 
ing, perhaps a nephew of Hon. James Wat- curacy, but the best sometimes make mis- 
son, takes. 

* Maj. Enoch Perkins. " Rev. Israel Ward was the successor to 

' Rev. Isaac Lewis, D. D., of Greenwich, Rev. Timothy Langdon. He was settled in 

Ct.. who died in 1840, seventy-five years after Danbury, May, 1S03, and continued till his 

his graduation at Vale College. death in iSio. 



lSo6.] AT HOME AGAIN IX NORFOLK, CT. 



293 



People very attentive and serious. Towards niglit attended a conference in 
which I gave something of a narrative of my mission, and considerable 
account of the re\dval of religion in the western country. Ver)- tired. 

30. Rainy. Visited. Concluded to tarrj- till tomorrow. Some of my best 
friends here, unfortunately, are out of town. Tarried at Mrs. Starr's now a 
widow. The caterpillar makes some ravages in this vicinity. The late eclipse 
of the sun is a subject of much conversation wherever I go. 

JDLV. 

1. Were it not for my an.xieiy to get home, I could hardly get away from 
here without a much longer visit. Rode to New Milford in the afternoon. 
They have a toll-bridge here across the Housatonic. Kindly entertained at 
Mr. CanfieWs.' The religious state of this town is very bad. 

2. Rode to Warren.'' All my friends appear to have had much anxiety 
for me on account of my poor health. Had company through the afternoon 
and evening. 

3. In the morning considerably detained. Rode to Litchfield. Could 
not conveniently get home. Tarried with Mr. Allen. He appears quite 
serious. The sight and company of former friends gives me many emotions. 

4. Mr. Allen' gave me some information which affected my feelings con- 
siderably. Rode to Norfolk." Arrived safely at my father's house. Had a 
most kind and affectionate meeting with my parents and family. Thus has it 
pleased God to keep and preserve me through many tr\-ing scenes in my long 
absence, since Aug. 25, 1803, and now to bring me home. I hope it has 
pleased God to use me in some degree as an instrument of good. My health 
is ver\- much injured, and I fear that my constitution is impaired. Towards 
evening drank tea with a number of people as a celebration of Independence. 
People generally appear gratified to see me. 

5. Wrote. I fear my horse has a lameness which will be substantially 
injurious. The vegetation suffers very much with a drought. 

6. My father preached in the forenoon and administered the sacrament. 
My brother Ammi came and attended with us. Afternoon preached from 
Luke XV : 17. People appear serious under preaching, but it is a very stupid 
time. 



■ Probably of the kindred of Mr. Judson making an enumeration of families on the 

Canfield, from whom the town of Canfield on Reserve. In a letter from him, published in 

the Connecticut Reserve is now named. 1806, in the Connecticut Missiottary J/<!j,vzi'ic', 

' Where his Uncle Starr's family lived. we have the result of his investigations as 

'John Allen, Esq., native of Great Bar- follows: In January, 1S04, there were not far 

rington, Mass., settled as a lawyer in Litch- from four hundred families in the eight coun- 

field in 1785, and was an able laivyer. He ties on the Reserve. In 1S05 the families 

was a man of strong mind and of gigantic had increased to eleven hundred, and of 

bodily proportions, being si.x and one half these four hundred and fifty were from New 

feet high. He received a degree of A. M, England. Tlicre were in that same year 

from Yale in 1791. He died in 181 2. twent\-four schools in operation, sevi-n 

* Several times, it will be remembered, churches organized, and twenty places where 

there were entries in the diarj' during Mr. preaching was steadily maintained. From 

Robbins's stay in Ohio, sa)-ing that he was that time on the growth was rapid. 



294 



DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1806. 



7. On tlie fifth nrraiiged and secured several volnmes of newspapers. 
Wrote to M. L. C. I'eel a little embarrassed, but hope not to receive any 
special wound in my feelings." \\'alked out. The inhabitants in this town 
change considerably. 

8. Wrote to Mr. J. Allen, Litchfield. Looking over my papers and things. 
They have been well kept since I ha\e been gone. My sister S." settled very 
agreeably. 

9. Quite feeble. Read newspapers. There appears to have been but 
little notice paid to Independence in this State. 

10. Received a letter from Mrs. Hamilton, New Connecticut. Afternoon 
preached from Isa. .\liii : 13. Endeavored to give an historical sketch of rny 
mission and of the state of society in the western country. Spoke an hour and 
a half. Mr. Bassett,^ of Winchester, here. Likely to be dismissed. 

11. Wrote on a letter to the Missionary Society, began the 5th inst. 
Worked some raking hay. Walked out and visited neighbors. I fear Mrs. 
Akins is sinking in a consumption. 

12. Wrote. Worked some. People generally beginning their haying, 
(.'ool for the season. My breast very feeble. 

13. Attended meeting. My father preached. It seems a little singular to 
spend the Sabbath in this way, but I think it is best and necessary for me. 
After meeting attended a funeral of a black child. My father preaches very 
much as he used to. 

14. Wrote. Had company. Worked in the hay. Visited neighbors. A 
great supply of cherries. The drought very oppressive and very extensive. I 
am persuaded I never saw so dry a time in this town. 

15. Finished my letter to the Missionary Society. Wrote to my brother 
James,* at Williamstown. Am almost too feeble to write. 

16. VeiT w.irm. West Simsbury, lately made a town, called Canton. 
Tarried with Mr. Hallock.' Called on my brother .\mmi, in Colebrook ; 
moved since I have been gone.'^ 

17. Rode to Hartford. Am still obliged to ride very slow. Towards even- 
ing a gentle and very refreshing shower. 

18. It appears that unkind persons have sent evil reports about me to the 
Missionary' Society : but they did not receive so much credit as to do me any 
injuiy. I hope to have a spirit of forgiveness. Very hot. Received of the 
Missionary Society one hundred and fifty dollars. Treated in a very friendly 
manner bv Mr. Strong and Mr. Mint. Rode to West Hartford. In the after- 



' We do not understand this reference, Chester, May, iSor, was dismissed in August, 

but connect it with the conversation which 1806. 

he had only a few days Ijefore with Mr. ■» His brotlier James was still tutor at 

Allen, of I itchficld, to whom he writes a Williams College, 
letter the next day. ' Rev. Jeremiah Hallock. 

- Sarah Robbins, now Mrs. Joseph P.at- '' Ilis brother Ammi removed from Ca- 

lell. n.ian to Colebrook soon after he left for 

' Rev. Archibald Bassett, settled in Win- Ohio. 



l8o6.] AT HOME IX NORFOLK. 295 

noon we had two very refreshing showers. The second veiy violent and 
powerful. Good is Jehovah. Tarried w'ith Dr. Perkins.' 

19. Rode to Farmington. Called and dined with Gov. Treadwell." Rode 
to Simsbury-. Tarried with Mr. Stebbins.^ Intended to have gone today to 
Hartland, but could not. People, generally harvesting ; which comes in very- 
well. Said to be more wheat this year than has been in this State for many 
years. The grass generally is pretty light. 

20. Mr. Hallock here on an exchange with Mr. Stebbins. Preached in the 
afternoon from Num. .\ : 29. Again towards evening at a large school-house 
from Esther iv : i6. Something of an awakening here. People very attentive. 
Quite too feeble to preach. 

21. Wrote considerably. Cool for the season. Dined at A. Phelps. iVfter- 
noon rode to Canton. Quite a hard shower. Got considerably wet. 

22. Read Porter's Lectures.'' Rainy all day. Afternoon preached from 
Rom. i : 16. Had a very serious meeting. Gave some account of my mission 
in public. Some people here talk of moving to New Connecticut. 

23. Rode to Hartland. I never was here before. At evening attended a 
conference ; quite full. There appears to be some seriousness here. Got 
acquainted with Mr. Gates,^ a candidate here. I hope he will go to New- 
Connecticut. In the morning wrote a long letter to Mr. Bacon, my late 
brother missionary. 

24. People generally harvesting. The grain very- good. Visited. The 
most of the people here have friends in New Connecticut, and more are 
talking of moving. Eat at a harvest supper. 

25. Visited all day. Pretty warm. At evening attended a conference in 
the meeting-house. The people here are in danger of inroads from Baptists. 
Their minister perhaps is not the most judicious. 

26. Very feeble. It appears to hurt me to do so much ministerial busi- 
ness. Visited considerably. Tarried at Dr. Wilcox's.^ He expecting to 
move to the westward soon. 

27. In the forenoon Mr. Church' preached. Afternoon preached from 
Luke XV : 17. People very attentive and serious. At evening preached again 
from Rev. xxii : 20. They sing very well here. They have a very good new 
meeting-house. Talked very seriously to the people. 

28. Rode home. A way that I never traveled before. There is a prospect 
of a turnpike direct from Norfolk through Hartland to Suffield. I hope it 
may be effected. Mr. Strong,' of Somers, here. 

29. Sent S150 to Mr. Battell on interest. Raked after the cart four loads 



' Nathan Perkins, D. D., pastor at West go to Ohio, nor did he then settle in Hart- 
Hartford, 1772-1S38. land, but later in life he was minister there. 

= Governor of Connecticut, 1S09-181 1. He ^ This was the Dr. Wilcox with whom 

was the first president of the American Board. Mr. Robbins corresponded while he was on 

3 Rev. Samuel Stebbins, pastor at Sims- the Reserve. Probably the letters had refer- 

bury, 1777-1806. ence to his plan of moving to the West. 

■* Porter's LecUcres. Reference unknown. ' Rev. Aaron Church, pastor at East Hart- 

5 Aaron Gates, with whom he corre- land, Ct, i773-i8t5. 
sponded w'lile in Ohio. Mr. Gates did not " Dr. Charles Ilackus, of Somers, died in 



206 IMARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBIllN'S, IXP. [1806. 

of luiy. Am pretty feeble, Init think manual labor is serviceable to me. Read 
newspapers. Political parties in this Slate manifest a great deal of bitterness. 

30. Made a model of a ditching instrument. I hope the plan will succeed, 
but am a little fearful. Rainy. Received a letter from my cousin S. P., at 
Marietta, and one from the proprietors of the academy there, wishing me to be 
the preceptor. I think I cannot accept of the offer. 

31. This month has been very cool for the season. Worked in hay. 
Wrote. Some unpleasant things in my father's church. Wrote to W. Wood- 
bridge, Esq.," of Marietta, declining the instruction of their academy. 

August. 

1. Wrote to Mr. Bates, Smithfield, New Connecticut. Afternoon worked 
five hours raking hay without any intermission. Very tired. Am consid- 
erably better than I have been. 

2. Read Bossuet"s Universal History: Settled my pecuniary matters with 
my brothers who owe me. Allowed my brother N. what he has paid for me 
in my absence, ten dollars. Wrote. Read newspapers. 

3. My father preached. I think he preaches as well as he ever did. 
Read the life of Dr. Hopkins.^ At evening attended and talked considerably 
in a conference. Sabbath evening conferences have been suspended here for 
some time. 

4. Wrote to Mr. Chapman,'' Smithfield, and to his daughter Fanny. Read 
Bossuet. I suspect he is not the most accurate in chronology. 

5. Feel considerable anxiety about my horse who is gone. He got away 
last Thursday and I can hear nothing of him. Wrote to Richard Hays, Hart- 
land, New Connecticut. Worked considerably in hay. 

6. Took physic. Am considerably disordered. Quite warm. Worked 
some. Read newsp.apers. 

7. Yesterday there was a great Democratic celebration at Litchfield. 
They appear determined to overthrow the institutions of this State. Rode to 
the north part of the town and attended the weekl)* concert of prayer. 

8. We have frequent rains and a very growing season. Wrote. Had 
some clothes made. I find my historical extracts and drafts very useful. 

9. Walked out and visited. Read in the life of Suwarrow.' My brother- 
in-law Battell has a good library. Worked some. My father rode to Torring- 
ton to exchange with Mr. Gillet.' 



1S03, and Rev. William L. Strong was set- 1704. He was so much in favor with Louis 

tied as his successor in 1805, and continued XIV that lie was made instructor of the dau- 

in oflicc till 1S29. Rev. Mr. Strong was phin. His Universal History was written es- 

father of Hon. William Strong, of ThiUadel- pccially for the instruction of his royal pupil. 

phia, one of the Judges of the Supreme Court ' Dr. Stephen West, of Stockbridge (Mr. 

of the United States, and of Rev. Edward Robbins's theological teacher), wrote the Zt)^- 

Strong, D. D., late pastor of the Congrega- of Dr. Samuel Hopkins, and the work was 

tional church at West RoxbuTy. published 1S05. Dr. Hopkins died in 1S03. 

' William Woodbridge, a lawyer in Ma- ■• Rev. Ezekiel J. Chapman, 

rictta, who was for some years representative -' Count Peter .Me.xis Suwarrow, a Russian 

from that town in the Ohio Legislature. general of extraordinary courage, an impetu- 

= James Benigne Bossuet, one of the great ous but successful military leader, 

court preachers of France, born 1627, died ' Rev. Alexander Gillet. 



l8o6.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 297 

10. Mr. Gillet preached; and in the evening a third sermon. People 
appear considerably disposed to attend. Mr. Gillet preached verj- well. The 
people here sing very well. 

11. Walked out. Afterwards rode with my sister to the east part of the 
town on a visit. The roads here are generally much improved from what they 
have been. I have this day, more than at any birthday I have yet seen, occa- 
sion to magnify and praise God, who is my constant keeper and preser\'er. 

12. A late instance of suicide in an adjacent town. Rode to Torrington to 
attend a minister's meeting. There were eleven present besides me. At- 
tended public worship. After the sermon I delivered an address by request 
of the meeting. At evening attended a conference. There appears to be 
some seriousness here. I am still feeble about riding. 

13. Sat with the meeting which was quite instructive. Afternoon rode to 
Goshen. Went into a Methodist meeting. Circumstances being peculiarly 
favorable, I spoke a little. I hope it was of service. In the west part of the 
town I found my horse, to my great satisfaction. He was taken up and has 
been well taken care of. Tarried with Mr. Howe where I found rny horse ; a 
Methodist. 

14. Visited. Afternoon rode with Mr. Hooker' to the north part of the 
town and preached from Matt, xvii : 5. Returned with Mr. Hooker. At 
evening preached at a prayer-meeting from Esther iv : 16. Mr. Hooker has 
si.x students in divinity.^ 

15. Rode home and led my horse. My preaching yesterday I think was 
too much for me. Read newspapers. We have frequent showers but ver}- 
little rain. Streams are remarkably low. 

16. Wrote to Mr. Thomas Latimer, of Philadelphia. Rode out. Breaking 
my horse for a carriage. Quite feeble. 

17. Read Hopkins's Life and JVri/ings. I think his dialogue on Ijenevo- 
lence is incorrect. My father preached. At evening attended a conference. 
Expounded the S3d of Isaiah. People verj' attentive. 

18. Read Bossuet. Worked some. Played ball. My father went to 
attend the funeral of Mrs. Farrand,^ of Canaan. She died by taking tartar 
emetic instead of cream of tartar. Visited neighbors. 

19. Worked making a press for books and papers. Wrote to my brother 
James. Walked out and visited. 

20. Wrote to Mr. Ebenezer Hazard. Philadelphia. Ver)- cool for the 
season. Read newspapers. I am still quite weak at the breast. 

21. Wrote considerably. Afternoon rode to the south part of the town 
and attended the weekly concert. Dr. Perkins," of Hartford, came here and 
tarried. 

22. Quite warm. Read Bossuet. Mr. Whittlesey = and Mr. Mygott, from 



' Rev. Asahel Hooker, of Goshen. " Nathan Perkins, D. D., of West Ilart- 

^ He was a favorite instructor in theology, ford, 
and though not of long life he taught a large = The man with whom he boarded in Dan- 
number of students. bury some years before. His given name 

3 The widow of Rev. Daniel Farrand. we have not been able certainly to deter- 

He died three years before. mine. 



298 



DIAKY OK REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1806. 



Danbun-. came here and tarrieil. Am exceedingly glad to see them. Have 
had succotash this week. 

23. Read the Life of Lord AWso/i.' Yeiy entertaining. His character 
rises on a nearer inspection. 

24. Rainy and U'ry cold for the season. Preached in the afternoon from 
Acts .xxviii : 24. I think 1 grow stronger at the breast. 1 hope it may please 
divine goodness to restore my health. 

25. Worked some. Played ball. Read. Walked out and visited. Traded. 
5.03. At evening Uncle and Aunt Starr came here and tarried. Wrote to 
Dr. Sampson. Whitestown. 

26. Our neighbor, Mrs. Akins, I fear is declining fast. Rode to Win- 
chester and attended with the consociation" on the trial of Mr. Bassett. 
Seventeen ministers and si.xtcen delegates present as members. Some of the 
evidence is pretty bad. 

27. Sat with the con,sociation all day. Mr. Bassett^ is declared not guilty 
on all charges, and censured for w^ant of Christian prudence. After which he 
was dismissed. In the evening rode home. Quite cool. 

28. Received an application to preach at Winchester. Afternoon attended 
a sacramental lecture and church meeting. There is considerable discipline 
in this church. Had some clothes made. 

29. Wrote. Read. Perhaps there have never been greater e.xertions than 
are now making to change the order of things in this State. Preparing for my 
journey. 

30. Set out for Hartford. Quite warm. Rode to Talcott Mountain.' 
Tarried at a tavern. I can ride but little better than when I came home. 

31. Rode to Dr. Perkins's. West Hartford. Preached in the forenoon from 
Num. x : 29. .^nd in the evening from Luke xv : 17. Mr. Snow/ a candidate, 
preached in the afternoon. 



' Lord Nelson was killed in the battle of Y.ile in 17S4, and the latter in 1796. Mr. 

Trafalgar in 1S05. The Z//1- c/AV/jw/, which Robbins and Mr. Bassett, of Winchester, 

Mr. Robbins read, was probably some hastily were classmates at Yale. The charges against 

prepared sketch. Robert Southey a few years Mr. B. were wholly of a business nature. 

later wrote the /.tfi of Lord Nelson. He was regarded as too worldly-minded and 

° .'\ consociation is a body composed of eager after money, etc. He was afterwards 

the ministers who may at the time be settled settled in Walton, N. Y. 

over ten or fifteen neighboring Congregational * Talcott Mountain is distinctly visible at 

churches within fi-xed bounds, with lay dele- the west, as one journeys along the shores of 

qatcs chosen from the same churches. This the Connecticut River from Hartford to 

body belongs chiefly to the State of Connec- Springfield. He crossed the mountain prob- 

ticut. In Congregational langu.age a conso- ably on the road running from Avon (then 

elation differs from an association, which is Northington) to Hartford. Wadsworth's 

composed only of ministers, and it differs Tower stands on the top of the mountain a 

from a conference in that it has certain gov- little way north from this Avon road, and 

crnmental powers unknown to that body, the town of Avon itself lies at the foot of the 

though that is also composed of ministers mountain on the west side, 

arrd lay delegates. ^ This was probably Rev. Simeon Snow, 

■' Rev. Archibald Bassett was a native of who was sent by the Connecticut Missionary 

licrby, Ct., as was also Rev. Amos Bassett, Society as a missionary to New York. Ap- 

I). IJ., of lUbron, the former graduated at parently he was not a college graduate. 



l8o6.J AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 2^9 

September. 

1. Rode to Hartford. Talk of getting some cabinet work of Mr. Cliapin.' 
He has some very good. Rode to Sutfield. The most of the way in a moder- 
ate rain. Tarried at Esq. Leavitt's. 

2. Rainy and wet all day. Am entertained very kindly at Esq. Leavitt's. 
Visited Mr. Gay and some others. Read Humphreys's Poems^ The first 
rainy day in many months. Fruit pretty plenty. 

3. Quite rainy. Rode to Windsor and Hartford. The trustees of the 
Missionary Society met and organized for the ensuing year. Tarried at Mr. 
Strong's. He has resigned his office of trustee. 

4. Received of the missionary trustees twenty-nine dollars, the amount 
of my account. Paid for a new coat, $15.50. 

5. Rode to Rocky Hill. Preached a sacramental lecture. Mr. Chapin' 
still in New Connecticut. Preached from Num. x : 29. There have been a 
good many deaths in this town since I left here. 

6. Rode to Branford. Missed my way. Called on Mr. Eells," North 
Branford. He has lately broken his leg. Mr. Williams, a very worthy man. 
is preaching here.' 

7. Mr. Williams preached in the forenoon. We joined in administering 
the sacrament. It was a very solemn and feeling occasion. I preached in 
the afternoon from Luke xv : 17. He preached a third sermon. The people 
here are very desirous to settle a minister. 

8. Walked out and visited all day. Am desired to come here and preach. 
I think I can't. 

9. Rode to New Haven to attend Commencement. Went to see the 
fionres of wax-work.'' Quite a curiosity. Find many old acquaintances. 
Found my brother James whom I have not seen before since I came 
home. 

10. Attended the exercises of Commencement. I think not so good as 
sometimes. Last evening there was speaking for premiums. I think not so 



' Dea. Aaron Chapin, a native of Chico- to Portugal. He was a copious writer. A 
pee, Mass., removed to Hartford in early collection of his poems and tracts was pub- 
life, and established himself in the cabinet lished in New York in 1790, and another 
making business. His only son, Laertes edition in 1S04. 

Chapin, father of President Aaron L. Chapin, ^ Rev. Calvin Chapin, of whom we have 

D. D., of Beloit College, toward the close of before spoken, still absent on his missionary 

the last century, became partner with his journey to Ohio. 

father, and the firm was known for long years » Rev. Samuel Eells, pastor at North 

as the firm of Aaron Chapin & Son, and Branford, 1769-180S. 

known also for the honesty and thorough- ' Mr. Eells was now growing old, and 

ness of their work. Aaron Chapin was dea- Mr. Williams was assisting him. There 

con of the First Church of Hartford from were so many ministers of the name Will- 

1813 to his death in 1838. iams, that without farther clue we cannot tell 

= Col David Humphreys, son of Rev. who this Mr. Williams was. 

Daniel H. Humphreys, of Derby, born 1753. ' I' ^viU be remembered in a previous 

died 1818. He was aid to Gens. Putnam note respecting Mr. Reuben Moulthrop, the 

and Washington in the War of the Revolu- painter, that he worked more in wax-work 

tion, was private secretary of Washington, than on the canvas. Very likely these figures 

1788-1790, when he was appointed Minister were by his hand. 



-00 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1806. 

many niinistcrs present as sometimes. At evening Dr. Cyprian Strong' 
preached the Condo. 

11. Visited acquaintance. Attend the meeting of the P. B. K. Society. 
Dined with Mr. Davis." Left New Haven. Rode with my brother James to 
Salem.' Quite cool. 

12. A pretty good year for cider. Rode home, near forty miles. After- 
noon quite rainy. My brother Frank now at home. Quite tired. 

13. Received a letter from Dr. Sampson, Whitestown. Mrs. Battell," of 
Torringford, not likely to live. Rode with James to Winchester. 

14. James preached in the forenoon. I preached in the afternoon from 
Num. X : 29. The people were generally at meeting and were affected and 
rejoiced that they can again meet for worship without prejudice or difficulty. 
At evening walked out. We have agreed to supply the pulpit here si.x or 
seven Sabbaths. 

15. Last evening my brother went to Torringford. Set out for home afoot. 
Stopped at Mr. Rigger's. He let me ride his horse. Attended Freemen's 
Meeting. It was quite agreeable. Two hundred and eight votes — thirty-four 
Democratic. They do not appear to gain any in this town. 

16. Very warm. The thermometer at 82°. Studied most all day endeavor- 
ing to reckon and balance my own accounts. Rode to Canaan and back with 
my sister. 

17. Wrote. Ver\' wann. Rode out and labored considerably with a 
church-member under censure. The case is something difficult. 

18. Mrs. Battell, of Torringford, died last night. My parents there. Rode 
to Colebrook and attended the funeral of an infant child of brother 
Ammi's. The accounts of the Freemen's Meeting through the State are very 
favorable. There is not one Democratic Representative chosen in the county 
of Litchfield.' 

19. Extreme heat. The thermometer at 90°. Wrote to Isaiah Thomas,* of 
Worcester, and to Esq. Leavitt, of Sufiield. A hard thunder-shower. 

20. Wrote to Mr. Woodbridge,' of Stockbridge. Worked considerably 
trying to alter the course of the brook. Read Lee's Trial of Virtue. It much 
e.xceeds what I expected. 

21. My father preached in the forenoon. Afternoon I preached from 
Rom. x: I. At evening attended a conference. Talked on the salvability of 
the heathen. 

22. Endeavored to WTite on the subject of the Moral Taste. My pain at 
the breast something troublesome. Read Lord Nelson's Life. 

' Pastor of the First Church at Portland, of Milford, Ct. In 1S07 Mr. Battell married 

Ct., 1767-1811. for his second wife, Mrs. Mitchell, widow of 

= His classmate Henrj- Davis, frequently Rev. Justus Mitchell, of New Canaan, Ct., 

mentioned. whose maiden name was Martha Sherman. 

' This is now the church in Naugatuck, ' The Federalists kept their strength in 

but was then Salem Parish in the town of Connecticut longer than in almost any other 

Waterbury. State. 

' Wife of Mr. William Battell, and mother '' Isaiah Thomas, of Worcester, published 

of Mr. Joseph Battell. Her maiden name the Almanacs, which he used for his diary. 
was Sarah Buckingham, and she was a native ' Probably Gen. Jonathan Woodbridge. 



l8o6.] AT HOME IN- XORFOLK. 301 

23. Worked all day ; endeavoring to fix a family to move to New Connecti- 
cut. Their prospects are pretty poor. 

24. Worked, as yesterday. Wrote on the subject of Moral Taste. I think 
that a system which cannot be supported. Read. 

25. Quite cool. For two or three mornings we have had frosts. After- 
noon attended the weekly concert of prayer and a church meeting. The 
church excommunicated a member. 

26. Wrote to my cousin S. P. Robbins. Rainy. Wrote to Rev. Mr. Brown," 
Washington, Penn. 

27. Rode to Torringford. There is a turnpike through Winchester all the 
way. Tarried at Mr. Battell's.^ 

28. In the forenoon Mr. Mills preached. Afternoon preached from Xum. 
X : 29. In the evening preached again from Esther iv : 16. Some serious- 
ness here. Meetings quite full. 

29. Rode home. My brother Ammi's wife quite sick. Last evening quite 
tired, but am evidently stronger at the lungs than I have been. 

30. Rode with my father to Salisbury and met with the association. The 
regiment of militia met at Canaan. The association examined and licensed 
four young men ' who appeared ver)' well. They acknowledged me as one of 
their number. 

October. 

1. Preached before the association from Rom. x: i. The association 
had a great deal of business. Rode home. My father has three scholars 
admitted freshmen in Williams College.* 

2. Wrote to Esq. Leavitt, Warren, New Connecticut. Received a letter 
from Esq. Leavitt, Suffield. Gov. Treadwell' and Mr. Ely' came to my 
father's and tarried. 

3. Rode to Goshen. A militar)^ regiment of foot, and one of horse, met 



' Rev. Matthew Brown, Presbyterian min- ministry', was long the able President of 

ister. Amherst College. HediedinPittsfield. Mass., 

- Mr. William Battell, father of Mr. Jo- in iS6r, aged eighty-two. 

seph Battell, of Norfolk. Rev. Frederick Marsh was pastor at 

^ These four young men were Rev. Tim- Winchester, Ct., from iSog to 1851, and died 
othy Phelps Gillet, son of Rev. Ale.xander in that town in 1873, ^^ t'^^ ^S^ °^ ninety- 
Gillet, of Torrington, Ct., Rev. Bennet Ty- three. It is rare that a ministerial associa- 
ler, D. D., a native of Middlebur}', Ct., Rev. tion has the opportunity to license in one 
Heman Humphrey, D. D., a native of Bur- day four young men destined to so large a 
lington, Ct., and Rev. Frederick Marsh. The measure of Christian seri'ice. 
first of these was the life-long pastor at Bran- * The little family school, in the parson- 
ford, 180S-1S66, dying in the fifty-eighth year age house at Norfolk, was sending out its 
of his ministry, and in the eighty-seventh candidates for college year by year. On the 
of his age. The second of these. Dr. Tyler, very spot where this parsonage house stood, 
was pastor in Connecticut, and in Portland, a handsome building for a family school is 
Me., whence he was called to be the head of now in process of erection by the grandchil- 
the Connecticut Theological Institute, now dren of the old Norfolk pastor and teacher. 
better known as the Hartford Theological ^ Gov. John Treadwell lived at Farming- 
Seminary. He died at the age of seventy- ton, Ct. 

five, after large activities, in 1S5S. Rev. Dr. <• Who this Mr. Ely was we have not the 

Humphiey, after several years' labor in the means of determining, though we conjecture 



302 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1806. 

and were received here.' They have ver)- good officers. Rode to Litchfield. 
Tarried at Mr. Allen".s.= 

4. Rode to Torringford and home. Am much belter able to ride than I 
ha\-e been. Verj' warm. Tried to buy tiie Universal History. The owner 
would not sell it. Mrs. Akins/ our neighbor, died last night. 

;. My father preached both parts of the day. Afternoon on occasion of 
Mrs. .Vkins's death. The meeting-house very much crowded. At evening 
attended the conference. 

6. Read all day. Finished reading the Life of Lord Nelson. I think him 
one of the first characters of the age.' 

7. Rode to Colebrook and back. All of our family except sister Betsey 
dined together at home. This has not been the case before in several years. 
Considerably unwell w^ith a cold. 

8. My cold pretty bad. Wrote. My brother Frank went off to college.- 
Read Pope's works. 

9. Wrote considerably. Worked picking up apples. A pretty good year 
for them. 

10. I think I have, on investigation, got some pretty good ideas concerning 
moral character and inability. Wrote all day. 

11. Rode to Warren. Quite cool. Rode in the dark. The roads dry and 
the streams very low. My father received a letter to go to New London to 
attend an ordination,* but concludes not to go. 

1 2. Expected to have gone to New Preston and preached, now vacant by 
the death of Mr. Day.' Hearing that they were supplied, preached for Uncle 
Starr from Acts .xxviii : 24 and Num. x: 29. Rainy. At evening had 
company. 

13. Two or three families who moved from this vicinity to New Con- 
necticut are coming back.' Wrote considerably. My nerves are weak. 



that it W.1S Rev. afterwards Dr. David Ely, ^ This was the ordination of Rev. Abel 
of Huntington, a member of the corporation McEwen, D. D., whose wife was Sarah 
of Vale College. Gov. Treadwell and Dr. Battell, daughter of William Battell, of Tor- 
Ely, though not classmates, were in college ringford, and aunt of Mr. Robbins. Dr. 
together. Gov. Treadwell graduating in 1767, McEwen was a notable man, and his min- 
and Dr. Ely in 1769. istry at New London lasted from 1806 to 

' It was the year for the regimental train, 1S60. 

ings which came on alternate years. It will " Rev. Jeremiah Day, father of Dr. Jere- 

be remembered that only a few days before miah Day, President of Yale College, and 

there was a training of this kind at Canaan. Hon. Thomas Day, Secretary of Stale in 

= Hon. John Allen, before noticed. Connecticut. Mr. Day had been settled at 

'' Mrs. Akins was the wife of Edmund New Preston since 1770, and died Sept. 12, 

Akins, Esq., a highly esteemed lawyer, of 1S06. 

the towm of Norfolk. He himself died in the ' This was no uncommon circumstance, 

following year. The fever and ague, with attendant hardships 

■* Probably Mr. Robbins would have this and calamities of various sorts, made many 

understood as true in many respects but not of those early emigrants sigh for their homes 

'" 3"- in the East. When we consider that the 

- Francis Le Baron Robbins, the youngest West was settled under such conditions, it is 

of the family, now a Sophomore at Williams. wonderful how fast the work has gone on. 



l8o6.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK.. 303 

14. Rode to Burlington ' and attended a Ministers' Meeting. Read a long 
piece on the subject of Moral Character and Change " which was well approved. 

15. Sat with the Ministers' Meeting. Rode to Goshen. The prospect of 
peace in Europe is, happily, dissipating.^ My breast pretty weak. 

16. Very cold. Rode home. Read the Vicar of IVakeficM.* Political 
parties very quiet. 

17. Finished reading the Vicar. Almost winter weather. Dr. Wilcox, 
from Hartford, here with his family ; moving to New Connecticut. Walked 
out and visited. An exhibition of wa.x-work in town. 

18. On the nth wrote to Mr. T. Crosby, Smithtield, New Connecticut. 
Asa Spalding, a Democrat, got forty-six votes for United States Senator in our 
House of Representatives. Rode to Winchester. A young horse which I 
rode threw me off with great violence. My leg was hurt considerably, yet was 
most mercifully preserved. 

ig. Quite lame in consequence of my fall. Preached from Acts xxviii : 24 
and Esther iv: 16. People very attentive and meetings for this place very 
full. Had company. 

20. Walked and rode home. Walk with difficulty. My mamma quite 
unwell. The season remarkably dry. Read Pleasures of Hope.^ 

21. Worked all day setting glass. The weakness at my breast continues. 
I fear I am not like to be freed from it. May I submit. 

22. Set glass at my sister's.'' Read. It appears likely that there will be 
no peace between England and France at present. Under the circumstances 
I think we may rejoice.' 

23. Looked over my books and wrote in those which I have read. Read 
Bossuet. 

24. Worked. With my father made a well-curb. Cool weather, but very 
pleasant. Wrote to my brother James, and to Dr. Skinner, New Haven. 
Walked out and visited. 

25. Finished reading Bossuet. My mamma much better than she has 
been. Mr. I. Knapp, of Westfield, here to preach for my father tomorrow. 
Rode to Winchester. Am still somewhat lame. A remarkably fine season to 
gather in fall crops. 

26. Quite warm for the season. Preached from John vi : 37 and Rom. i: 
16. My breast quite weak. Had company. The prospects of this society 
are quite encouraging. Mr. Bassett' does not attend meeting. 



' Burlington was a small town about twenty place in literature from generation to geneta- 

miles southeast from Norfolk, having Farm- tion. 
ington on the east. ' Thomas Campbell's poem entitled Pleas- 

' This was a theological paper, such as a ures of Hope was first published in 1799. 
ministerial association would like to hear and * Mrs. Joseph Battell. 

discuss. ' Here he more fully expresses what he 

' So it stands written in the diary. What has just before suggested, k peace made at 

precise thought was in his mind we do not that time would be premature, 
know. * Rev. Archibald Bassett, who was dis- 

* Goldsmith's charming story keeps its missed there a short time before. 



304 DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROEEIXS, D.D. [1806. 

27. Wrote. On the 19th wrote to Col. Barker, of Branford, that I could 
not go there to preach. Walked out and visited. Verj- warm. Rode to 
Goshen and home. 

28. Read. Assisted in tending Mr. Bartlett's store, his clerk being sick. 
The dust flies ver\' much. Some men called on me directly from New 
Connecticut. 

29. Read rdite Lcarniu!^. Wrote to my brother Frank at college. Read 
newspapers. We have still some fears of peace taking place between Eng- 
land and France. 

30. It snowed the most of the day. Attended a sacramental lecture and 
church meeting. Wrote a catalogue of all my father's students, e.xceeding one 
hundred and eighty.' 

31. Wrote to Mr. Andrews, of Canaan. Rode to Winchester. Preached 
a sacramental lecture from Luke ,\.\ii: 19. Quite cold. Had compan}'. 

November. 

1. Rode out and visited. Read the account of the Pellew Islands." 
Read Whitefield's Life.^ His industry was astonishing. 

2. Preached from Matt. .\ : 32 and Amos vi : i. Administered the sacra- 
ment. The church quite solemn and affected. They have not had a 
sacrament before in a long time. Baptized three children. At evening 
had company. 

3. Rode to Winsted and home. Attended the town-meeting. Wrote. 
Received a letter from Dr. Skinner, New Haven, and one from Charlotte, 
A^t., wishing me to go there to preach. 

4. Worked the most of the day making and setting up a well-crotch.'' 
Read the History of the Court of St. CloudJ' 

5. Quite warm for the season. Worked. Carried apples with a team to 
the mill Read St. Cloud. 

6. Worked making cider. Rainy. Wrote to brother James. He is 
now at Windham in this State. 



' His father had new been settled in Nor- was probablv that of Rev. J. Gillies, D. D., 

folk forty-five years, and as he did not pro- which first appeared in 1772, two years after 

fess to ieep school, but only to take pupils Whitefield's death. Other editions were 

into his family, the number one hundred and published in 179S, 1811, etc. 

eighty is large. •• This ancient arrangement for drawing 

"^ The Pellew (Pelew) Islands, belonging water from wells has now almost entirely 

to Spain (the Spaniards having discovered ceased from among us. Occasionally in jour- 

th£m in 1545), are a group of twenty in the neying through the rural districts of New 

Northern Pacific Ocean at the western e.x- England one sees a specimen of the old- 

treraity of the Caroline .Archipelago. They fashioned well-sweep. 

are mountainous and rugged as seen from = The Sea-it History of St. Cloud, Lon- 

the water, but within are fertile, and abound don, i8o6. St. Cloud is a beautiful spot on 

in tropical fruits. The inhabit.ants are of the the river Seine, near Paris, celebrated for its 

Malay race, about ten thousand in number, gardens and parks. It was the favorite resi- 

of very primitive manners, but of gentle and dence of Napoleon, and so the imperial court 

kmdly natures. of France during Napoleon's supremacy was 

■> The Lifi of WItitffidd which he read called the Court of St. Cloud. 



l8o6.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 305 

7. Read Sf. Cloud. It developes the greatest scenes of iniquity that I 
have ever heard of. Traded some. 

8. Rode to Winchester. Read Franklin's Life} Quite cold. We have 
now had a moderate rain, yet thought to be the greatest in eight or nine 
months. 

9. Preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7, 8. The society here have requested me 
to preach with them through the winter. But my health is so poor 1 cannot 
engage. Baptized two children. 

10. Rode to Torringford and back. Ver\' cold and windy. Read con- 
siderably. 

11. Finished reading the lives of Franklin and Whitefield. Mr. Lee" 
preached a lecture in the south part of the town. A good number of people 
attended. My breast is so weak I cannot read steadily. Played chequers. 

12. Rode home. ^sblA Court of St. Cloud. My lungs quite weak. Rainy. 
Some little commotion in town with regard to making a permanent addition to 
my father's salarj'. Some prospect of a continental war in Europe. It seems 
Mr. Fox' died Sept. 13th. 

13. Worked considerably. Wrote. My brother S.-* has engaged to keep a 
school at Warren. There appears to be some prospect of disturbances in the 
western countr}-, fomented by Col. Burr.' The pusillanimity of our govern- 
ment probably will not be able to suppress any considerable insurrection.' 

14. Vm'Ls\\e:d Kuding \he History of St. Cloud. The mainspring of French 
domination appears to be avarice. I expect the $15,000,000 our country- has 
paid is a speculation for private coflfers. Dined at my brother N.'s. Reck- 
oned the number of families in this town, making tsvo hundred and seventy- 
three. There were probably more ten or fifteen years ago.' 

15. A very cold tedious storm of rain. Rode to Winchester. Read 
Backus's Sermons on Regeneration.^ At evening talked seriously with the 
family where I live. 

16. It snowed all day. Had a ver}^ thin meeting. Preached from Rom. 
x: 20. Less worried than usually. 

17. Read the whole of the Trial of Virtue.'^ I think it one of the best 



• Two volumes of Franklin's Essays with ' Burr was suspected of treasonable nego- 

his Life were published in London in 1792. tiations, and in the year following was tried 

But the work which Mr. Robbins was read- on this charge in Richmond, Va. Though 

ing was probably the one published in Lon- acquitted by the court, he could never clear 

don in 1806, entitled: T/te Complete Works himself from suspicions on the part of the 

in Philosophy, Politics, and Morals of Dr. people. 

Franklin, first collected and arranged, with a *■ This is a somewhat gratuitous remark, 

memoir of him. 3 vols., Svo. inspired by the hatred of the Federalists 

= Rev. Chauncey Lee, D. D., settled at toward Jefferson. 

Colebrook, Ct., 1800-1S28. ' He thinks the population had decreased 

3 Charles James Fox, the great English because of emigration to New Vork.^ This 

statesman, was born Jan. 24, 1749, and died was doubtless true of many towns in Western 

Sept. 13, 1S06. He was a man of extraordi- Connecticut. 

nary character, a strange mixture of high in- « Dr. Charles Backus, of Somers, Ct., 

tellectual powers and noble political aims died. His volume on Regeneration wa3 

joined with habits of extreme dissipation. brought out soon after his death. 

•• Samuel Robbins. - » This poem we have not chanced to find. 



2o6 DiARv OF rh:v. thomas ROBnixs, D.n. [1806. 

poems ever published in this country. Received a dollar, a present from a 
certificate man in this society. There seems to be a project to set the Demo- 
crats through the countr>- addressing the President, praying him not to decline 
reelection. Wiiat idiots and slaves I ' 

18. Read Best's Logic? Wrote. The snow about eight or nine inches 
deep Quite winter weather. Rode out. At evening attended a conference. 
Some people here appear quite disposed to have conferences. 

19. Read the whole of Self Scrutiny. Walked out. My brother Frank, I 
hear, has come home from college ; something unwell. Weather moderates. 

20. Read Wxi^h-AX^?,'' Narrative of Indian Wars, \\\& whole volume. I 
think our fathers manifested something of an unfeeling disposition towards 
their Indian enemies, though there appears to have been much conscience 
and the fear of God in their deliberations and conduct. 

21. Rode and visited all day. The people here ^ appear verj' anxious to 
have me continue to preach with them through the winter, but I think my 
weakness forbids. 

22. Yesterday and today the snow thaws quite fast. Wrote. Read Locke 
on Education? I wish his ideas could be received in general practice. One 
hundred and forty families in this society, of whom si.xteen or seventeen are 
certificated.' Began to read the Bible in course. Will the Lord spare my life 
to complete it. 

23. In the morning wrote considerably on notes for a sennon, but did not 
carry them to meeting. Preached from Cor. x : 4 and Gen. vi ; 3. People 
appear very attentive and solemn. 

24. Walked out and visited. Read Locke. Quite unwell with weakness 
of the breast and nervous afifections. 

25. Read Goldsmith's Miscellanies. Rode out. At evening attended a 
conference. Pretty full. 

26. Rode and visited all day. Quite cold and rainy. Read Locke on 
Education. The people here are quite ambitious in their society matters. 

27. This day is the Thanksgiving. Never did I see a Thansgiving with 
such great obligations. Preached from Ps. 1 : 14. After meeting rode home. 



' This remark had reference to a possible * He is still supplying the pulpit at Win- 

third term for Jefferson, just as, a few years Chester, Ct. 

ago, many men were in favor of a third term ^ John Locke, as a thinker and philoso- 

for Gen. Grant. pher, was in far greater repute at the begin- 

° Referring probably to a work of W. M. ning of this century than now. But John 

Best, an English writer, On Principles of Locke, as a man, was possessed of rare ex- 

Evidcnci. cellences of character, and his reputation, in 

' Rev. William Hubbard, minister of Ips- that respect, abides. Mr. Robbins probably 

wich, Mass., 1656-1702. He wrote a History refers to his short treatise entitled. Some 

of AvTO England, and a separate work on the Tlioitghts Concerning Reading and Study for a 

Indians and Indian Wars. Mr. Hubbard Gentleman. 

was born in England, and came to this coun- ' Had signed off and paid their taxes to 

try as a boy in his father's family about 1630. other denominations thanthe Congregational, 

Me was a member of the first class gradu- as they were then allowed to do by the 

ated at Harvard College in 1642. law. 



l8o6.] AT HOME IX NORFOLK. 



307 



Have not been home at a Thanksgiving since '99. All my brothers here 
except James.' A couple came to my father's at evening and were married. 

28. Worked helping to break a colt. Dined at Mr. Battell's. Mr. Smith,* 
of Sharon, died yesterday. 

29. My father went to Sharon. Worked considerably. Read the Bible. 
Warm and wet. The ground has got quite bare. 

30. Rode to Colebrook and preached.^ Mr. Lee went to Winchester for 
me. Speak quite feebly. Tarried at Mr. Bodwell's. Preached from Gen. vi : 
3 and Num. x : 29. 

December. 

1. Quite cold and chilly. Rode home. Read Eulogies on General 
Washington." Paid Mr. Battel!' $2.11. Paid for a book, etc., $2.00. 

2. Worked getting wood. Rode to Canaan with considerable company 
on a visit. Came home in a large carriage ; quite dark. 

3. Worked. Afternoon and evening a very severe snow-storm. Rode out 
and performed a marriage. 

4. Great preparations for war in Europe. Prussia appears likely to lead 
the coalition against France.^ The negotiation between England and France 
has failed. I don't think the English history affords an instance of a rupture 
of a negotiation for peace giving such universal joy. Read Washington Eulo- 
gies. Very cold. 

5. Read. My brother Frank went off to college. Rode to Winchester in 
a sleigh. Sleighing not very good. On the 2d a man in our neighborhood 
killed two pigs two hundred and thirty-six days old ; one weighed two hundred 
and thirty and the other two hundred and thirty-five pounds. The snow drifts 
very hard. 

6. Finished reading Locke on Education. The snow thaws considerably. 
Read the Bible. 

7. Preached from Isa. vi : 9, 10. Cold winter weather. People attend 
meeting very well. At evening examined a young woman to be propounded 
for communion in the church. 

8. Drew a confession for an excommunicated member of this church now 
in New Connecticut. Rode home. Pretty good sleighing. 

9. Worked getting wood. Finished reading Eulogies on Washington, f 
think the best is Gouverneur Morris's.' Have something of a cold, but no cough. 



' James, at last report of the diary, was part of Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and 

living at Windham, Ct., where he w'as sup- Saxony, was completed Oct. 6, 1S06. 

plying a vacant pulpit. ' Gouverneur Morris was born in Morris- 

- Rev. Cotton Mather Smith. He had ania, N. Y., 1752, and died in same place, 

been settled at Sharon fifty-one years, 1755- 1816. He was, in his day, one of the most 

1S06. He was a native of SufSeld, Ct., and accomplished public men in the country, fill- 

a graduate of Yale in 1751. ing many different offices with dignity and 

' On an exchange with Rev. Chauncey ability. He was a graduate of Kings Col- 
Lee, D. D. lege in 1768. This is now Columbia College. 

* This was a volume published in Boston It was called King's College while we were 

in the year 1800. under British rule. In 1784 the name was 

' His brother-in-law, Joseph Battell. changed, to give it a more free and American 

' The coalition against France, on the aspect. 



.3o8 niARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIXS, D.D. [1806. 

10. Worked at my library, excluding several unimportant books from the 
numbers. War is now probably raging in Europe. I hope the God of heaven 
will stop French domination.' 

11. Rode to Canaan and back. Got a ticket in the New York lottery' for 
the encouragement of literature and inland navigation, for which I sent some 
time since. It cost seven dollars and a half, and its avails, if any, are devoted 
to, as I think, a charitable purpose. Number 23,461. Assisted the selectmen 
in making my father's rate bill. Very cold. 

12. It snowed the most of the day. One of the severest storms. Read 
the Life of Washington, which I began on the 10th. 

13. Rode to AA'inchester. Many drifts verj- bad. Wrote. My eyes rather 
weak. Read the Bible. 

14. Verj- cold. Preached from Isa. l.xiii : i. Exercise very short. Had 
but one exercise, and have concluded for the present to have but one on the 
Sabbath. Read the Bible. 

15. Read the Life of Jl\ishii!gfo>!.^ This evening heard the distressing 
intelligence that hostilities have commenced between France and Prussia, and 
that the French have regained a great battle." Our only consolation is that 
that vilest conqueror and scourge of nations is an instrument of infinite 
wisdom. 

16. Read. Walked out and visited. Weather moderates. At evening 
attended a conference. Verj' full. 

17. Rode home. Good sleighing. Read newspaper. It is still to be 
hoped the Prussians will not give up the contest. 

18. Walked out. Worked considerably. People move pretty busily in the 
sleighs. 

19. Rode out with my mamma. Warm and pleasant. Snow goes pretty 
fast. Eat supper at Mr. Battell's with several neighbors. 

20. Yesterday wrote to Mr. Chapin,-' of Hartford, and to Mr. H. Howe, 
of New Haven. Rode to Winchester. Read Washington's Life. Quite bad 
riding. 

21. Preached from E.x. .XX : 8. Meeting very full and attentive. At even- 
ing attended a singing meeting. Procured some medicine for my complaints. 
My parents think they are rheumatic. I hope thev mav be nothing'worse. 
Read the Bible. 

22. Read Life of Washington. It is more properly the histor}^ of America. 
It snowed considerably. 

23. Rode out and visited schools. They appear ver)- well. The school 



_ In the early years of this century Amer- ■• During the month of October, 1S06, the 

leans looked at France and Napoleon Bona- French were victorious in several great bat- 

partc chiefly through English eyes. ties, that of Saalfield, October 10, those of 

-We have had occasion before to note Auerstadt and Jena, October 14, and that of 

the d.tferent sentiment about lotteries then Halle, Oct. 17. Hut the day o£ their great 

prcya.hng fron, the present. calaniities was to come, in spite o£ all pres- 

•Marshalls Life of IVoihington, in five cnt successes 

yolumos, was published in ,805. This was = Dea. Aaron Chapin (see note Sept. ., 

he work doubtless that Mr. Robbins read. 1S06). 



lSo6.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 309 

visitors here are very faitiiful. At evening attended a conference. But few- 
people. It rained pretty hard. 

24. Rode home. Cold. We have ver\- frequent changes of weather. 
Making a new arrangement of my librarj-. Read newspapers. I think it 
most likely that Prussia will have to make an ignoble peace with Bonaparte. 

25. Warm. My father had some good hogs killed. One weighed two 
hundred and fifty-nine.' Afternoon attended the weekly concert. There has 
never been so long a period without additions to this church as now. 

26. Rode to Winchester. Rainy. The sleighing nearly gone. Afternoon 
\"isited a school ; very well instructed. Read Life of Washington. 

27. Finished the second volume of Washington's Life. I think it manifests 
want of time and historical study in the writer. 

28. Preached from Luke xii : 20. Quite rainy. Yesterday wrote to Joseph 
Coit, of New Connecticut. Read the Bible. Preaching sensibly affects my 
weakness. 

29. Wrote. Rode home. Growing quite cold. Mr. Nathan Strong.' a 
candidate, at my father's a few days. Robins have been seen considerably. 

30. Very cold. Read the Life of Washington. Had a visit from Mr. Lee, 
of Colebrook. He is lonely and something melancholy. 

31. Extreme cold. The thermometer ver^' near zero all day. Mr. Akins^ 
appears awfully and is probably just gone. It is a most striking spectacle. 
A holy and most merciful God has thus safely preserved me through many 
changes, trials, and apprehensions to the end of this year. I think I shall 
never for£;et his great mercies. 



' This is rather a prosaic remark for 1S02, studied theology, and was licensed by 

Christmas day. But among the people of the Hartford North Association, Feb. 7, 

New England generally at that time Christ- 1804. He preached for a little time, but 

mas came and went without recognition. gave himself to the study and practice of 

Few people stopped even to think that it was medicine. He settled in Hartford, married 

Christmas. Frances Butler, and died in 1S37. 

= Son of Dr. Nathan Strong, of Hartford. ^ Edmund Akins, Esq., before mentioned, 

He was graduated at Williams College in a prominent man in Norfolk. 



ISOT". 

January. 

1. Will the Lord preserve my life this year, and enable me to devote it 
entirely to him. In the morning the thermometer eight below zero. Worked 
getting wood." At evening rode to the south part of the town and per- 
formed a marriage. 

2. Read the Life of Washington. Accounts from Europe appear rather 
more favorable, but we are still in anxious suspense. Eat supper at my 
brother N's. 

3. Had a pair of boots made. Rode to Winchester. I think I ride 
better than in time past. The ground mostly bare and verj' deeply frozen. 

4. Wrote. Preached from Luke xvi : 5. Quite cold. At evening 
walked out. Caught some cold. 

5. Read the Life of Washington. It thaws considerably. I hope the 
colossal power of Bonaparte will make a useful impression in this country. I 
think I have been evidently better since I have preached but once on a 
Sabbath. 

6. Wrote. Finished my last diar}'. At evening walked out and visited. 
Some people here feel that the council, which dismissed Mr. Bassett, did not 
do quite justice to the society. 

7. Wrote. Find some advantage in standing to write. Afternoon at- 
tended a funeral of an infant. A stranger came here some time since, and 
has had an illegitimate child. 

8. Wrote notes of sermons. Very cold. I have been better for a few 
days than for a long time. I am not without hopes that my complaints may 
be mercifully removed. 

9. Wrote. Afternoon preached in a private house from Matt, xvi : 24. 
Meeting quite full. I believe I have not preached in a private house before 
since I left New Connecticut. Tarried at Col. Brunson's.^ 

10. Received six dollars from this society. Finished the fourth volume of 
Washington's Life, which is the last I now have. The fifth ^ is not yet 
obtained. Wrote notes for sermons. 

11. Preached from Gen. vii : 16. Received a young woman into the 
church. Had company at evening. Am able to read but little on the 
Sabbath. 



' For an invalid, considering the state of uable household. He died March 12, iSio, 

the thermometer, this was resolute and cour- aged sixty-eight, 

ageous. ^ This reference makes it plain that the 

^ Col. Ozias Bronson (or Brownson). He Life of Waskiiigton, which he was reading, 

was a sfirring and enterprising citizen of Win- was that of John Marshall. Marshall's Z.//« 

Chester with several able-bodied and indus- of Washington in five volumes was published 

trious sons, making a very energetic and val- in 1S05. 

3" 



313 



DIARY OF KEV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1807. 



12. Received five dollars from the society. Verj' cold and tedious. Rode 
home. Read liie M(7g<izi/u:' Received a letter from my brother Samuel.^ I 
believe he is doing very well in his school at Warren. 

13. E.xtreme cold all day. The thermometer below zero. Rode to Win- 
chester. Read Wilberforce's Viac.^ 

14. E.xpected to have gone on a journey to Windham; but the cold is so 
severe, with some other reasons, that I conclude to defer it till next week. 
Rode home. The thermometer this morning six below zero. Read the 
newspapers. 

15. Weather moderates. Afternoon attended the concert of prayer. My 
brother Frank came home from college. Wrote to Maj. Perkins, of New 
Connecticut, and Mr. Moulthrop, of East Haven. 

16. Worked considerably at Mr. Battell's. Rode to Winchester. Read 
\\'ilberforce. The country is considerably alarmed at the appearance of a 
conspiracy of the western country.* 

17. Wrote. Finished reading Wilberforce's P'ieici. It is to be lamented 
that he is not more discerning in the doctrines of the gospel.' We have a 
very cold winter for so little snow. 

18. Wrote notes of a sermon, and preached from Rom. xiii : ii. At even- 
ing attended a conference. Very full and serious. Quite fatigued. 

19. Ver)- cold. Set out on a journey to Windham. Rode to Northington.* 
Some of the way very good sleighing. Tarried at a tavern. 

20. Severe cold. Last night much disturbed with company at the tavern. 
Rode to Hartford. Got some clothes that were made for me. Rode to Suf- 
field. At Windsor called at Esq. Seldon's,' formerly of Haddam. Tarried 
at Esq. Leaxitt's.' His daughter appears quite as well as I e.xpected. I hope 
for divine guidance in all things.' Paid a taylor $4.22. 

21. Towards evening rode to Somers.'" The ice of the river very firm. 



' lie read doubtless the JanuaiT number constantly e.xposed to sneers and ridicule. 

for 1S07 of the Connecticut Evans^cliial Mag- Probably on technical points of doctrine he 

azine. did not exactly conform to the technics of 

= Samuel did not have a college education. the New England schools of theology. But 

' Wilberforce's Practical I'u-zu of Chris- he had a good foundation. 
tianity, before mentioned, has had a vast ' Now Avon, 

circulation, and has done great good. ' Edward Selden, Esq., who had not been 

♦ Reference is here made to the plot of long a resident of Windsor, but as the diary 
Aaron Burr: " In 1807 he was apprehended, states, had removed there from Haddam. 
taken to Richmond, Va., and tried on a charge He was a graduate of Yale College in 1785, 
of a treasonable design upon Me.xico. He was, and a son of his, of the same name, was grad- 
however, after a long trial, acquitted. His uated from Yale in 181 1. 
public life was now at an end, as his country ' Thaddeus Leavitt, Esq., of Suffield, jus- 
had no faith in his integrity." tice of the peace, and one of the leading 

' M^r. Wilberforce was one of the best men of the town, 
specimens of a thoroughly ChristLin man of 9 The collocation of this sentence with 

the evangelical type. This position he main- the foregoing one is certainly suggestive, 
tained, in the circle where he moved, by '° About ten miles from Windsor to Som- 

grcat firmness and self-denial, for he was ers. 



1S07.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 313 

Tarried with IMrs. Backus and Mr. Strong." Something unwell. My travel- 
ing is pretty hard for me. 

22. Rode to Tolland. Dined with Dr. Williams." Rode to Windham. 
Found my brother James. He is very well. It seems I have been con- 
siderably expected. Very tired. Rode today thirty miles. 

23. Read newspapers. I believe Congress have never been more con- 
temptible than at present. Rode with my brother in a carriage to Scotland 
and back. There is some snow through the country, but quite poor sleighing. 

24. Read Dr. Hopkins's' last volume of sermons. It thaws some. The 
first instance in more than a fortnight. My brother went to Scotland to 
preach tomorrow, they being now destitute.'' Wrote. 

25. Very cold. Preached in my brother's stead' from Gen. vii : i6 and 
Rom. i: i6. The meeting-house quite large, but the congregation not nu- 
merous. Quite worried. At evening had company. 

26. Extreme cold ; I believe equal to any we have had this winter. My 
brother set out for home. Read Shakespeare. 

27. Worked some. The pain in my breast much worse than before I came 
from home. Read Shakespeare. My brother has lately bought a set of his 
plays. 

28. It rained the most of the day. Read newspapers. It seems the French 
have had uninterrupted successes in Prussia. The Prussian army is nearly 
destroyed.' Our only hope is that there is one Power greater than Bonaparte. 
Vv"as requested to preach as a supply at Scotland. I cannot. Walked out 
and visited. 

29. The snow is most entirely gone. Warm. Visited. The people here 
appear quite desirous to have my brother stay with them. I think it will not 
be best. 

30. Last week niv brother had an appointment as a missionary from the 
Missionary Society. Wrote. Walked out and visited. Our government 
appears to be perfect pusillanimity. 



' Mrs. Backus, widow of Dr. Charles now in tliis very month of January, 1807, 

Backus, who died at Somers in 1S03, and Rev. James Cogswell, D. D., died, who had 

Rev. William L. Strong, who succeeded him been pastor there from 1772 to 1S04, and had 

i„ 1805. since been living there in his old age, retired 

^ Rev. Nathan Williams, D. D., settled in from the active duties of his office. 
Tolland in 1760, already about forty-seven ' His brother, James Watson Robbins, 

years minister, and destined to continue having been graduated at Williams College 

twenty-two years more. His ministry closed in 1S03, intended to make the ministry his 

by his death in 1829, though he had a col- life-work, but soon afterward turned aside to 

league during the last sixteen years of his other pursuits. He was supplying the pulpit 

]ife_ of the old church at Windham Centre, made 

3 This volume was, without much doubt, vacant by the dismissal of Rev. Elijah Water- 
the one prepared and published by Dr. man in 1S05. Mr. Waterman went to Bridge- 
Stephen West, of Stockbridge, in 1805. port, Ct., where he died 1S25. 

•• The church in Scotland parish (Wind- <• This remark is grounded not on new 

ham, Ct.), had been made vacant by the victories, but on fuller reports of those great 

death of Rev. Cornelius Adams, who died battles which took place in October, 1806, 

two months before in November, iSo6. And and which have been previously mentioned. 



31+ 



niARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBIN'S. D.D. [1807. 



31. Read Shakespeare. Wrote a letter to M. E. Leavitt." Quite rainy 
the most of the day ; at night very hard. The family in which I live is very 
agreeable. Read Dr. Emmons on Church Music.' 

FbBRI'ARV. 

1. Preached from Acts viii : 24 and Esther iv : 16. Last night the storm 
ver)- hard. It snowed some. Very few people at meeting. Waters very 
high. Had company. Preached without great fatigue. 

2. Great damages are sustained by the flood, which has been extensive 
and verj- great. Many bridges are gone. Read Shakespeare.^ Walked out 
and visited. 

3. Rode to Preston^ to make a visit to Dr. Hart.' Cold. Dined at Mr. 
Goddard's, Plainfield. They have a new meeting-house in Canterbury,' as 
elegant. I believe, as any in the State. 

4. Spent the day ver\' agreeably with Dr. Hart. He is pretty w-ell, but 
feels something of his paralytic shock.' The prospect of ecclesiastical matters 
in this vicinit}' pretty gloomy. 

5. Rode to Windham. Suffered considerably with the cold. There are 
many accounts, from various parts, of great losses by the late high waters. 
The great bridge in Hartford is gone." A weeklv paper was published at 
Boston about the year 1742 for two years, entitled the Christian History, giving 
an account of the religious work of that time. 

6. Read newspapers. There are accounts that a division of the French 
army has been beaten by the Russians.' May the Lord cause it to be true, 
and thus turn the tide of events. My brother returned. Rather unexpectedly. 
Walked out and visited. It snowed considerably. Read Shakespeare. 

7. Wrote. Cold. Considerable prospect of a turn of sleighing. Con- 



' Probably the daughter of Esq. Thaddeus led him through portions of Plainfield and 

Leavitt, of Sutficld, upon %vhom he called a Canterbury, 
few days before. 'Dr. Hart had been in the ministry at 

- Sermon on Church Music, preached by Preston forty-five years. He died the year 

Dr. Emmons in iSo6, and published the same following, 180S. 
year. ' Some of the freshets on the Connecticut 

■> Shakespeare was far less generally read River are hard to combat, and the long bridge 

eighty and a hundred years ago than now. between Hartford and East Hartford had 

Hardly a family now, of any considerable in- been swept away before. But the one now 

telligence and culture, would be without a standing there has kept its position for a 

copy of the works of this great dramatist. long course of years. It was built in 1S18, to 

Mr. Robbins found the volumes he was read- replace the bridge carried away that same 

ing in his brother's library at Windham, and year (March 2), that being an open bridge 

seems to have applied himself to them with built 1S09. 
great eagerness. 9 This was not a true report. On the 

■• Preston is in New London County, Ct., 26th of December, 1806, there was a great 

but that part where Rev. Mr. Robbins went battle fought at Pultusk, Russia, between the 

is now the town of Griswold. French on the one hand, and the Russians 

5 Dr. Levi Harl, an eminent Congreg.a- and Prussians on the other. Both sides 

tional minister and teacher of divinity. claimed the victory, but the real advantage 

' His journey to Preston from Windham was with the French. 



1807.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 315 

siderable commotion at New Orleans. Read Mr. Strong's sermon on the 
death of Dr. CoggswelL' I presume his ministry' was one of the longest ever 
in this State ; above si.xty-two years.^ 

8. Most extreme cold. Had but a thin meeting. Preached from Rev. 
xvi : 15 and Luke xvi : 17. My brother preached at Scotland. Considerably 
fatigued. The people here appear to wish to have me stay with them if James 
cannot. 

9. Finished the second volume of Shakespeare. Weather moderates. 
Ver\- good sleighing. Wrote. Walked out and visited. Saw Rev. Mr. Weld, 
of Hampton.' 

ID. Wrote a piece for the Evangelical Magazine. The snow thaws consid- 
erably. Read Shakespeare. Yesterday Mr. Hough* called to see me ; about 
to be settled at Vergennes, Vt. 

11. Rode with my brother to Scotland, and attended a funeral. Preached 
from John xi : 25. The committee there applied to me to preach with them. 
I could not give them any encouragement. Returned to Windham. Walked 
out. Am considerably troubled with my old complaints. 

12. The sleighing mostly gone. Left Windham. Rode to East Hartford. 
Tarried with my old friend King.' He ver)' gloomy with the late loss of his 
wife. Remarkably warm for the season. 

13. Rode to Hartford. Got my father's sleigh, which my brother left at 
Mr. Strong's, and rode home. Pretty poor sleighing. Many bridges gone by 
the late freshet. 

14. Very rainy all day. Afternoon rode to Winchester. Waters very 
high. Mr. Asahel Gaylord' has preached here twice in my absence. The 
people speak well of him. 

15. Very high winds. Preached from 2 Cor. iv : 3. Saw Mr. J. Coit,' 
from New Connecticut. I think I speak easier than in times past. 



' Dr. Nathan Strong, o£ Hartford, preached Hampton in 1824, he went to Fabiu?. N. i'. 

the sermon at the funeral of Dr. James Cogs- He died in 1S44. 

well, and the sermon had already been pub- "■ Rev. John Hough, native of Canterbury, 

lished. Ct., graduated at Yale, 1S02, pastor at Ver- 

" It maybe that there had been no min- gennes, from March 12, 1S07 to Aug. 25, 
istry in Connecticut longer than this up to 1S12. He studied theology with President 
that time. But there have been longer ones Dwight, of Yale College, and was himself 
since; for e.xample, that of Dr. Nathan Will- professor at Middlebury College, 
iams, of Tolland, noted only a page or two ' Rev. Salmon King, Mr. Robbins's class- 
back, which closed by death in 1S29, after mate at Yale, was then pastor, not of the old 
sixty-nine years continuance. The ministry of church in East Hartford Street, but the 
Rev. John Higginson, which began in Say- church at Manchester Centre, then known 
brook, Ct., in 1636, and ended in Salem, as the Orford parish, East Hartford. 
Mass., by his death in 170S, had been in ' Rev. Asahel Gaylord, a native of Nor- 
three different places, but its whole continu- folk, Ct., was graduated at Williams College 
ance had been seventy-two years, and his life in 1S04, and was appointed by the Connec- 
ninet)'-two years. ticut Missionary Society for service in Ver- 

' Rev. Ludovicus Weld, minister at Hamp- mont and New York. He died in Norfolk 

ton, Ct., 1792-1S24. He was a graduate of in 1845. 

Harvard College in 1789, and after leaving ' Mr. J. Coit, prominent in early Ohio. 



3'6 



DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBEIXS, D.D. [1807. 



16. Read the Life of Dr. Hopkins} Rode out. Very cold. Many people 
appear displeased that Mr. Bassett" is appointed a missionary. 

17. The late freshet api^ears to have been higher than the one preceding. 
Read the Stranger in Ireland? Mr. Humphrey" here, a candidate, about to be 
settled at Fairfield. 

18. Wrote to Mr. Whittlesey." a candidate. Last night and in the morning 
considerable snow fell. Afternoon and at evening it rained pretty steady and 
hard. Poland seems to have become the theater of most destructive war.' 

19. Wrote to M. E. L.' Afternoon rode to Colebrook and preached in the 
evening at Moore's tavem to a pretty numerous collection from Acts vni : 
8. In the morning the waters were higher than ever I saw them, though I 
believe not so much water in the streams. Tarried at my brother A.'s. 

20. Rode home. The roads very icy. Extreme cold. Very little sleigh- 
ing. Wrote to Esq. Leavitt, SufiReld, and to Dr. Strong, Hartford. 

21. Rode to Winchester. Read Neal's History of the Furitans. Mr. 
Grossman, of Salisbun', has been here this week to commence a course of 
discipline with this church for their treatment of Mr. Bassett.' I think it is 
wrong. 

22. Preached from Matt, ix : 9. At evening attended a conference. Per- 
formed a marriage. The people here considerably agitated on account of the 
late dealings with the church.' 

23. The destruction by the late freshets has been great and extensive. 
Read Xeal. Rode out and visited. Two or three persons here very sick. 

24. Read. Walked out and visited. At night a pretty hard storm of 
snow. Roads very icy. 

25. The snow eight or ten inches deep. Very cold. Read considerably. 
Wrote. I think the first Puritans discovered something of a separatical spirit.'" 

26. Rode home. The papers contain many accounts of the late freshets. 
Afternoon preached a sacramental lecture for my father from Rev. .xvii : 14. 

27. Went with a team sledding wood most all day. A very fine turn of 
sleighing. Preparing for my journey. 



' Life of Dr. Hopkins, by Dr. Stephen pr.ictical honor and integrity in the daily 

West. business affairs of life. 

- Kev. .Archibald Bassett, of Winchester, ' In order to prepare the way for disci- 
dismissed the year before, as already stated. plining a church certain preliminary steps 

' This was a volume, then jvist published, had to be taken, as in case of an individual. 

New York. 1S07. and Rev. Mr. Grossman, of Salisbury, had 

* Rev. Hcman Humphrey, one of the four been there to set the process in motion. 
voung men licensed the year before by Litch- '° The Pilgrims who came to Plymouth in 

field North .\ssociation, afterwards President 1620 were open and avowed Separatists. Mr. 

of Amherst College. Robbins seems to imply that some of the 

- Samuel Whittlesey, probably, graduated Puritans who came to the Massachusetts Bay 
at Yale in 1S03. in 1629 and 1630 had something of the same 

*■ r.attle of Mohrungen, fought January, idea, though they disowned the name of 

1S07. Separatists. He grounds this remark prob- 

' Probably Miss Leavitt, of Suffield. ably on what took place at Salem in 1629, 

° The charges on which Rev. Mr. Bassett in the organization of the first church in the 

had been dismissed had reference chiefly to Massachusetts Bay. 



iSoy.J AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 317 

28. Set out early and rode to Suffield in a single sleigh ; just forty niilos. 
Some of the way bare ground, yet generally ver>- good sleighing. Tarried 
with Mr. Gay.' Last evening was informed that Mr. Bassett is about to h.ue 
the consociation called to Winchester. A very extraordinary' step. My father 
has lately taken an account of the members of his church as accurately as he 
can. Some are in distant parts of the countr}', who have never been dis- 
missed. The number is two hundred and twenty-seven. 

March. 

1. Preached for Mr. Gay from Acts viii : 8 and Luke xv : 17. He 
administered the sacrament. Very bad stirring. Last night it rained 
considerably. 

2. Spent the forenoon at Esq. Leavitt's. Afternoon rode to Hartford. 
Had an agreeable opportunity with E. L.' Quite poor sleighing. The bridge 
at Windsor gone. Got a ver\- fine cherr\' book-case at Hartford which Mr. 
Chapin ' had made for me. Paid for it forty-four dollars.* 

3. Rode home with the lower part of my book-case safely. From New 
Hartford excellent sleighing. Crossed Talcott Mountain on a south road.' 

4. Rode to Winchester. Visited a child ver\- sick. The committee of 
the church requested me to assist them before the consociation, which is to 
meet there next week. I hope for divine guidance. Concluded to dismiss 
two objects of daily attention, to one of which I have attended for nearly 
four years, to the other nearly two years ; and to adopt another, which I have 
had in attention for a few months.' And may the Lord enable me to be 
honest and faithful. 

5. Rode to Goshen and returned in a sleigh. Had a long conversation 
with Mr. Hooker and Judge Hale ' respecting Winchester matters. I hope 
their advice may be useful. 

6. There are accounts that Bonaparte's army is suflering severely by fam- 
ine and pestilence. However dreadful I can hardly regret it. ^\■rote on a 
defence for the church, to be laid before the consociation. Had company. 

7. Hindered from my writing by company most of the day. Rode out 
and performed a marriage. 

8. Preached from Rev. xvii : 14. Had two exercises; expect to have 
two on a Sabbath in future. I hope my health will admit it. Tolerably good 
sleighing. 

9. Wrote steadily all day. At evening met with the members of the 



■ Suffield had two ministers by the name bins was bujnng a choice article of furniture, 
of Ebenezer Gay, father and son. Ebenezer ^ This was the road probably leadini; to 

Gay, D. D., Senior, filled the pulpit, 1742- Farmington, rather than the one leading to 

1796. Ebenezer Gay, Jr., was minister 1793- Northington (now Avon), the latter running 

1837. Their ministries covered nearly a near Wadsworth's Tower, 
century. ' * This passage is left for private intcrpre- 

^ The same as M. E. L. tation. 

3 Dea. Aaron Chapin. " Rev. Asahel Hooker, who has been often 

* Forty-four dollars for a book-case, as mentioned, and Judge Timothy Hale, a prom- 

■Boney was then valued, shows that Mr. Rob- inent law^■er of Litchfield County. 



jrS DIARY OK REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1807. 

church to jirepare for their trial. Am much more able to pursue this business 
than I feared. Rainy. 

10. Finished the defence of the church, and exhibited it before the conso- 
ciation. 1 think it had a pretty poweriul ei'icct. Proceeded in the trial ; about 
half through the charge. The complainants seemed to make out nothing of 
any consequence. The consociation would not acknowledge themselves to be 
prosecutors in the case, which seems to have been the original design of the 
promoters of the atTair. 

11. The consociation, after a long debate by themselves, concluded that 
there were such informalities in the manner in which the present complaint 
came before them, that it should be dismissed. They gave Mr. Bassett gener- 
ally a dollar each as a consideration for their support. Yesterday received a 
letter from Mr. Miller,' the last moderator of the consociation, calling me to 
sit as one of the consociation, and I did sit. At evening rode out and visited. 

12. Considerably unwell. Attended a funeral of a child. Rode home. 
Good sleighing. 

13. The public have met with a great loss in the death of the late Rev. 
Mr. Swift," of Williamstown. Went and got a load of wood with the team. 
Read Chauncey's Vieic of EpiscopMy.' Received a letter from Mr. Moulthrop,* 
East Haven. 

14. Last night a hard snow. At least a foot deep, supposed to be the 
deepest we have had this winter. Rode to Winchester. 

15. Quite cold. Preached all day from Isa. ii ; 17. At evening a com- 
mittee of the church presented me their thanks for my assistance in their late 
trial, and gave me a present of S9.63 ; and from members of the society, con- 
tributed for the purpose. Si 1.02, of which P. Miner,^ Esq., gave $3.00. Quite 
tired. Sum received, $20.65. 

16. Read Neal. Wrote. Pretty feeble. Rode out and visited. Very 
good sleighing. We have now had snow steadily four months, and the most 
of the time verj- cold. 

17. Visited schools. They appear very well. Are well instructed in the 
catechism. Heard, etc' Mr. Bassett has removed from this town. 

18. Rode home. Ver)- cold and tedious. Read Chauncey's T/tw ^ ^/w- 
(opaa: .\ \exy valuable work. It appears that the progress of the French 
arms is in some measure checked.' The theater of war is exceedingly 
distressed. 



' Rev. William Fowler Miller, probably, ^ Dr. Charles Chauncey's Complete ViewoJ 

who seems to have preached a short time in Episcopacy from the Fathers. 

Salisbun', and was pastor at Bloomfield ■• Reuben Moulthrop, the painter, who took 

(\Vintonbur\0 1791-1811. He was gradu- his picture. 

ated at Yale, in 17S6, and died in iSiS. = Phineas Miner, Esq., a prominent man 

= Rev. Seth Swift, noticed in the early in Winchester, 

pages of the diary. He was a native of ' The full sentence would probably read 

Kent, Ct., a graduate of Yale in 1774, stud- "from M. E. L." (See March 13.) 

ied theologv- with Dr. Bellamy, and was pas- ' The great battle of Eyiau in Prussia 

tor at WiIli.amstomi, 1779-1807. He died was fought on the 7th and Sth of February, 

February 13: ,So;, in which the French defeated the Rus- 



1807.] AT HOME IX XORFOLK. 319 

19. Wrote to my brother James. Afternoon attended the concert of 
prayer. Very cold. A number of people in town are sick. 

20. Worked considerably drawing pine timber to make a fence. Wrote to 
Col. White, Danbun,-. i8th wrote to Mr. Howe, New Haven. Read Chauncey. 

21. Worked. Verj' good sledding. Rode to Winchester in a sleigh. 
Read Neal's History. 

22. Preached from Matt, xviii : 3. Very tired. At evening rode to Cole- 
brook and tarried with Mr. Lee. He is lately married, and I think ver)- 
fortunately. 

23. Rode home. Verj- cold. Worked considerably. A great and general 
scarcity of hay. 

24. Finished reading Chauncey's View. My parents rode to Colebrook 
and back in a sleigh. My father has a verj- fine set of scholars. 

25. Read Edwards's Last End in Creation} Rode to Winchester in a 
sleigh. Last night a hard storm of snow. Read Neal. 

26. Wrote. Wrote notes for preaching. Had company. The people 
here appear anxious for their situation if I leave them, but I trust they will do 
well. 

27. This day is the Fast through the State. Had two long exercises. 
Preached from Ezra viii : 21. Will the Lord accept the services of his people. 
Wrote my notes. 

28. Rode and visited all day. Rode to Winsted" to exchange with Mr. 
Beach.^ Very good sleighing. People here kill calves at four or five days 
old, save the skin and bag, and give the meat to their hogs. 

29. It snowed quite hard nearly all day. Mr. Beach rode to Winchester. 
Preached from Gen. vii : 16 and Num. x: 29. Their meeting-house here is 
quite convenient and elegant. Tarried at Esq. Rockwell's.* 

30. My late labors too much for me. Visited. Rode to Winchester. 
Ver\- little path. The snow in the woods nearly two feet deep. 

31. A very violent snow-storm. In the present great scarcity of hay, it 
appears a great frown of Prondence. Read Neal. Wrote. Am quite feeble. 

April. 

I. Cold and ver)- tedious. The snow flew very violently all day. No 
person scarcely goes out. Wrote notes of sennons. At night quite unwell. 



sians with heavy losses on their own side, wards was not published till long after his 
but with much heavier on the side of the death. It first appeared in 17S8. 
Russians. It was reported that 20,000 Rus- " A parish of the town of Winchester, 
sians lay dead on the battle-field. The French 3 Rev. James Beach was settled at Win- 
were obliged to retire and repair losses, but sted in l8o6, and remained pastor there till 
there was small ground for this entry in the 1842. He was graduated at Williams Col- 
diary. The news came to this country prob- lege in 1804. He died in 1850 at the age of 
ably through England with its English col- sevenU". 

oring. * Solomon Rockwell, Esq., justice of the 

' This celebrated treatise of President Ed- peace, 1803- iS 16. 



-20 DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1807. 

2. Was out with tlio people the most of the day breaking paths. The 
snow between three and four feet deep.' It snowed some. 

3. It snowed some, and is \ery bhistering. Read Nsal. As a historian I 
think he is too much prejuchced against tlie House of Stuart/ though he appears 
to be a veiy candid man. Walked out and visited. Considerably unwell. 

4. Read Neal. This week has lieen more tedious, snowy, and blustering 
than any one in the passing winter. It lias snowed every day but one. Some 
people are wholly out of hay. Wrote notes for preaching. 

5. Thin meeting. Very difficult getting about. Preached from i Cor. 
ii : 10. Warm and pleasant. .Vl e\ening walked out. 

6. Tiie snow settles pretty fast. .Many people in a suffering state about 
liay. Rode out and visited. Am quite feeble. 

7. Rode home. More snow here than at Winchester. I am persuaded 
I never saw such a quantity of snow and such drifts about my father's as 
novv.^ Received a letter from my brotlier James, one from Mr. Humphrey, 
about to be settled at Fairfield, and one from Dr. Sargeant," of Stockbridge, 
inviting me to go there and preach, as Dr. West is unwell. My brother 
Samuel is pretty feeble. 

8. The traveling is excessively bad. People feel something anxious 
about Freeman's Meeting, though there is much less stir than usual. Wrote 
to ni}- brother James. Paid Mr. P>attell >io.oo. 

9. Rode to Winchester. In the morning the sleighing is tolerable. The 
snow has settled considerably. Read Neal. The people here grow very 
an.xious about my leaving them. 

10. Wrote for the j5'7w«^v&-(7/ J/(7^'(7-/«<.'. Read. Afternoon several people 
came to converse with me about staying here. I hope for divine guidance. 
There are some cogent reasons for my staying here, but I think I cannot. 

11. Dr. Wilco.x, from New Connecticut, called to see me. Rode out. 
Read Neal. The snow thaws very fast, and the ground begins to appear. 
Read the Bible. 

12. Preached from Heb. .xii : 17 and Matt, xxvi: 42. Rode to meeting in 
a sleigh. People here came to meeting, some in sleighs, Nov. i6th, and I 
believe there has been one or more every Sabbath since.' 

13. Prayed at the opening of Freeman's Meeting. The votes here for 
Governor, Federalist, eighty-se\en ; Democratic, forty-nine ; better than here- 
tofore. It snow-ed most all dav. Unfavorable for the Federal interest.' 



' This was a remarkable condition of ' He means at any time in the year, and 

things for the first of April. That portion of it is now the 7th of April. 
Litchfield County is high and presents more ■* Evastus Sargeant, M. D., son of Rev. 

wintry aspects in April than the region along John Sargeant. 

the Connecticut River. Put even for that ' pjyg months of continuous sleighing 

land of high hills such an amount of snow in show a remarkable season. 
.\pril was extraordinary. *• This is the old story. The Federalists, 

- The House of Stuart has not imiiroved on the average, better housed and better 

•m long acquaintance. There is little occa- dressed, more careful of their clothes and their 

sinn to use words of apology for the mon- bodily comforts, were not so apt to get out in 

archs of this dynasty. stormy weather as the Democrats. 



1807.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 32I 

14. Rode to the lower part of Norfolk and married a couple. It gives me 
much pain to get along with the people here about going away. 

15. Rode home in a sleigh. Sleighing about gone. The votes for Gov- 
ernor here were one hundred and eighty-three ; Democrats twenty-nine. 
Worked some. Am considerably better than I have been in times past. 

16. Rode to Stockbridge. Can bear riding much better than I feared. 
Called on Mr. Judson ; ' greatly afflicted with the loss of his son. In Sheffield 
saw people plowing. 

17. Came to Dr. West's. He is very feeble. Has not preached for four 
Sabbaths. Read newspapers. Have to answer a great many inquiries about 
my mission. 

18. The election of Governor in this State seems to be gone in favor of 
Democracy for the first time.'' Walked out and visited. Wrote. 

19. Very warm. In the afternoon took off my outside coat.^ Preached 
from Rom. i: i6 and Luke xv : 17. The people here have been without 
preaching four Sabbaths, longer than at any one time in twenty years. Dr. 
West ver\' feeble. 

20. The river here verj' high. Walked out. The people here are much 
more plain in their manners than in years past. 

21. Rode to Lenox to attend the meeting of the trustees of the Mission- 
ary Society in this county. Their funds are so limited that they can do but 
little. Rode to Lee with Mr. Hyde.* Preached in the evening to a large 
meeting from Esther xiv : 16. There has been a pretty great awakening here. 
It is now declining. 

22. Rode to Mr. Goodwin's,' Lenox. Had quite an agreeable visit. 
Read. The town of Pittsfield in a great commotion with quarrels of various 
kinds. 

23. Rode to Stockbridge. It appears that there has been a great battle 
between the Russians and French, issuing in favor of the Russians.' It was 
probably the hardest fought action in which Bonaparte was ever engaged. I 
think it a most merciful interposition of Providence. Walked out. 

24. Rainy. Wrote considerably. Received a very ill-natured letter from 
Mr. BidwelL' He appears to wish to draw me into a snare, or drive me out 
of town. 



■ His son, Ephraim Judson, Jr., was grad- " Rev. Alvan Hyde, D. D., pastor at Lee, 

uated at Williams College in 1797, studied 1792-1S33. 
law, and was settled in legal practice at San- * Joseph Goodwin. 

disfield, Mass., where he died in 1807, at the ' We do not find any battle about this 

a<^e of thirty-one. time in which the French were defeated by 

= Hon. Caleb Strong, of Northampton, the Russians. It would seem that this entry 

had been Governor of Massachusetts, iSoo- in the diary must have reference to the battle 

1S07. In 1807 James Sullivan, LL. D., was of Eylau, before described, 
chosen. He was born in Berwick, Me., April ' Barnabas Bidwell, Esq., Democratic law- 

22, 1744, and died in Boston, Dec. 10, iSoS. yer in Stockbridge, graduate of Yale College, 

' In those days when there were no stoves 17S5, Member of Congress, 1805-1S07. He 

in churches, ministers, during the winter died in 1833, but his Later life was somewhat 

season, preached in their overcoats. clouded. 



322 



DIARY OF KEV. THOMAS ROBBrXS, D.D. [1807. 



25. Walked out and visited. Called on Mr. Bacon.' I am fearful he and 
Bidwell mean to oppose any minister here, who will not be a Democrat. New 
York in a perfect electioneering blaze. Warm. Vegetation comes on ver)' 
fast. 

26. Preached from Acts xxviii : 24 and 2 Tim. iv: 7, 8. People ver}' 
attentive. Very tired. The people wdsh me to continue here longer, but I 
think I cannot. 

27. Walked out and visited. By particular desire, preached in the even- 
ing, on the plain, from Gen. vii : i6. Slept with J. Curtis.^ His case is more 
difficult and perplexing than any I ever knew. 

28. Received ten dollars from the people here. Paid Dr. West for his 
History of Popery,' 5S-oo. Rode home. Quite wann. The ground mostly 
settled. They have been greatly afflicted at W'inchester with sickness and 
death since I left there. 

29. Quite rainy and some hard thunder. Wrote to Miss E. L. The late 
election in this State has issued ver\' favorably.* Yesterday received a letter 
from H. De Wolf, New Connecticut. 

30. Received a newspaper from Marietta. Three large ships were launched 
there the first of this month. \Vrote to cousin Sam P. Warm, and the 
ground verj- wet. Preached a preparatory lecture from Rev. xvi : 15. 
Loaded wagons crossed the Ohio at Marietta during the winter on ice. 

May. 

1. Snow appears in a few places, though it has gone wonderfully for 
three weeks. Notwithstanding the concern, verj- few cattle have died. Rode 
to Winchester. A boy of sixteen, very promising, has died, out of the family 
where I live, in my absence.' His sickness continued but thirty-six hours'. 
Several in the neighborhood now are very sick. 

2. ^■isited the sick families. It is a time of great solicitude and distress. 
Rainy. Attended the funeral of an aged man. Preached on the occasion 
from Luke xxiii : 28. 

3. Preached from Matt, xvii : 5. Had the contribution for the Mission- 
ary Societ)-. Collected S16.80.' Attended the funeral of a child who died last 
night with the prevailing disorder. Quite feeble. 



' John Bacon, Esq., lawyer, once minister who had been Governor since 1798, was again 

of Old South Church, Boston, Judge, Mem- in this year 1S07, re-elected. 
ber of Congress, etc. s -phis strange sickness prevailing at Win- 

= J. Curtis. What this man's strange ex- Chester, the sickness at Sheffield, Mass., de- 

pcricncc w^as we have no means of knowing. scribed in the early part of the diary, the 

^ This, as we understand it, does not great sickness and death on a portion of the 

mean a work on Pojiery, which Dr. West Connecticut Reserve in Ohio, the yellow 

had himself written. We are not aware that fever in Philadelphia, and other cities, all 

he wrote any such book. It was a work these instances go to show that we have 

which Dr. West had in his library, and he made a great gain in the sanitary arrange- 

sold it to Mr. Robbins. ments of towns and cities within the last 

* He h.as been for a time in Massachusetts, hundred years. 
but is now back at Norfolk, in his native » Taken as usual under State authority on 

State of Coimecticut. Jonathan Trumbull, the first Sabbath in May. 



1807.] AT HOME IX NORFOLK. 



323 



4. Visited the sick. Dined with a militan' company. Had a visit from 
a committee of the society requesting me to stay with them. Tliey are verj- 
an.xious, but I think I cannot. 

5. Read Neal. Rode out and visited. Quite cool. People do not plow 
scarcely at all. 

6. Very rainy. The sick appear to be mending. I hope the Most High 
may be entreated to stay the progress of disease. 

7. Two young persons, one aged seventeen, the other eleven, died of the 
prevailing disorder after a sickness of from twenty-four to thirty hours. Vis- 
ited the houses of affliction. Read Neal. 

8. Attended the funerals of two persons who died yesterday. Preached 
at one from Rev. xvi: 15. Many people exceedingly afraid of contagion ; yet 
there is no evidence that the disorder is contagious. 

9. Read Neal. Wrote. Am considerably unwell.' Rainy. The weather 
appears to have a sensible effect on the sickness. There are some new in- 
stances of sickness, greatly violent. 

10. Was called early in the morning to visit a sick child. Preached from 
Heb. xi : 13 and Matt, v : 4. Administered the sacrament. The church 
quite thin. Verj' tired and feeble. Many people are much alarmed about 
the sickness, but it does not appear to be contagious. 

11. Visited the sick. They appear generally convalescent. Vegetation 
comes on, though the ground is still ver)- bare. The society had a meeting, 
and requested me to take care of supplying the pulpit for some time. I think 
I must do that, though on account of my poor health I do not e.xpect to 
preach much through the summer. Received of the society- forty-eight dollars. 

12. Rode home. Pretty feeble. Received the last volume of th& Life of 
Washington. The whole cost sixteen dollars." 

13. Rode with my father in a carriage to Hartford. Our horse fell and 
broke the carriage,^ and we providentially escaped injur)-. 

14. Had quite an agreeable election. A large number of young clergv. 
Gov. Trumbull had eleven thousand three hundred and twenty votes, Gen. 
Hart seven thousand five hundred and nine.' A considerable proportion in 
favor of Federalism above last year. ]\Iy brother James has left Windham, 
and has concluded to go on a mission. Rode to Talcott Mountain. 

15. Rainy. On the nth saw some peach and cherry blossoms, but have 



'Amid such outward conditions almost * This is a report on the vote for Governor 

any person, watching himself, might seem to taken in April. Gov. Trumbull, who had 

discover symptoms of illness. been in the office since 179S, is Jonathan 

^ Books are produced now more cheaply Trumbull, son of the Revolutionan,- Gov. 

than then, absolutely so, but rdathdy, consid- Jonathan Trumbull. Gen. Hart, the Demo- 

cring the purchasing power of a dollar, at cratic candidate, was Major-Gen. William 

the two periods, very much more cheaply. Hart, of Saybrook, born June 24, 1746, died 

^ The carriage was very likely a chaise. Aug. 29, 1S17. His father was Rev. William 

The fall of a horse in a four-wheeled vehicle Hart, pastor in the church of Old Saybrook, 

is not likely to be particularly dangerous to 1736-17S4. The Federal party was yet strong 

the occupants of the carriage. in Connecticut and so continued some years. 



,,, DI\RY OF REV. THOMAS RGBBINS, D.D. [1807. 

seen none as yet on the apple-trees. Had salmon at Hartford. Rode home. 
Mv brother Frank at home from college. 

'16. Worked some. The ground e.xtremely wet. Got a large Bible for 
which I was a subscriber. Paid for it of the money given me at Winchester, 
March i;th. §11.50. 

17. lames preached in tlie forenoon. I preached in the afternoon from 
Actl vii": 34. We both sat in the pulpit with my father. My parents much 
affected. All my brothers here." 

18. The weather continues cold and very backward. Read Life of Wash- 
ingtori. The sickness at Winchester abates much. Latis Deo. 

' ig. Worked some. Dined at -Mr. Battell's.^ Dr. West and his wife there.^ 
Wrote. Cannot be comfortable without a fire steadily. ■" 

20. Worked considerably planting a little nursery of Lombardy poplars.' 
Read the Life of Washington. It exposes Democracy in its true character. 

21. Was bled. Am unusually full of blood. Vegetation e.xtremely back- 
ward. All accounts indicate a reverse of fortune to the French arms.' 

22. R.ainy. Have quite a sore arm by my bleeding. Read. My brother 
much perplexed about getting a horse for his mission. 

23. Paid for one half of four very tine calves, seven dollars and seventy-five 
cents. James and I own them, and my father is to keep them till the fall of next 
year for one half. Rode to Winchester. Several new cases here of sickness. 

24. Rainy. Very thin meeting. Preached from Rev. x.x : 15. Quite tired. 
I fear the sickness here will be the means of hardening the people in stupidity. 

25. Visited the sick; some very bad. Yet I think the physicians do 
better with the disorder than they did at first. At evening married a couple. 

26. Rode home. Yesterday saw some cherry and apple blossoms. The 
first I have seen in this quarter. Read Washington. His character is e.xalted 
by examination. People beginning to plant. Traded. 4.25. 

27. \Vorked some. My brother James set out on his mission to the Sus- 
quehannah.' May the Lord go with him. Mr. Ingalls,' a missionary, came 
here and tarried. 



' We may as well enumerate tlicm again: plant Lombardy poplars, and in riding about 

,\mmi Kuhamah, Nathaniel, James Watson, New England one sees them yet, here and 

Samuel, Francis Le Haron. there, standing in their grenadier stiffness. 

- Mr. loseph Battell. ' We do not find anything in the military 

' Dr. West had been seriously ill, but was history of that year exactly corresponding to 

now better. He was living at this time with this statement. 

his second wife, whom he had married the ' In Pennsylvania. We do not find that 

vear before. Her maiden name was Eleanor he was appointed by the Connecticut Mis- 

Ucwey, of Sheffield. His first wife was sionary Society. He may have gone out for 

Elizabeth Williams, of Stockbridgc. .She died himself, much as the writer of this diary 

in 1804. made his missionary circuit through Ver- 

' Ever)' year men are saying, " How differ- mont. 

cnt our springs now from what they used to ^ Rev. Calvin Ingalls, who graduated at 

be." But this entry in the di.iry on the 19th Dartmuuth College in 1792. He performed 

of May sounds very much like the same old missionary service in Vermont, New York, 

sti>r\-. and Pennsylvania. He had been settled at 

-" It was the fashion in those years to West Stafford, Ct., 1796-1803. 



iSo;.] AT HOME IX NORFOLK. 325 

28. Finished the Life of Washington. It is on the whole a very valuable 
work. The last volume is very well executed. My mamma very feeble. 

29. Read Neal. Very cool. Wrote to William Blackburn,' Philadelphia. 
Read Shakespeare. 

30. Rode to Winchester and attended the funeral of Dr. Everett's' child. 
Preached from Isa. i: 5. Returned. They expect a preacher there to- 
morrow, and I hope to rest for a little while. The first warm day we have 
had in this month. 

31. Rainy. Read the Bible. Mr. Gaylord ' preached for my father. He 
performed very well. The apple-trees are generally in full bloom. 

June. 

r. Rainy. We want to sit by a fire steadily. Worked some. Read 
Neal. There is a prospect that political contention in our State is declining. 

2. The Methodists are about having a great camp-meeting in Sharon. I 
think they are trying to imitate the work in the western country." Read. 
Mr. Smith,' from New Connecticut, called to see me. 

3. Worked considerably making a gate for a fence. Read Neal. My 
brother F.* went off to college. 

4. I conceive that the state of the civilized world has, at no period in 
modern times, so much depended on the fortune of war as at the present time. 

5. Read Neal. Worked making fence. Agreed with Mr. Bigelow, of 
this town, to keep our little niece, Sally Lawrence.' 

6. Finished the third volume of Neal which is all I own. Began to read 
Homer, Cowper's translation.' Rainy. I think confinement and study is 
injurious to my health. 

7. My father preached. Sat with my mother. Read the Bible. Oster- 
wald's Notes'' are quite valuable. They sing very well here. Yesterday was 
invited to preach to the Free Masons here on the 24th inst. 

8. Quite warm. Wrote. Afternoon rode with my father to Warren. 
Uncle Starr's sons have lately been all at home. Considerable seriousness in 
Goshen. 

9. Rode to Sharon. Met with the association. Very warm. The first 



■ William Blackburn, a publisher. *■ Francis Le Baron, now in bis Junior 

^ Dr. Josiah Everett, born Feb. 27, 1749, year at Williams, 

died Feb. 5, 1829, aged eighty. 'Daughter of his sister Elizabeth (Mrs. 

5 Asahel Gaylord, before noticed, native Lawrence), of Paris, N. Y. 

of Norfolk. ' Cowper's translation of Homer was pub- 

* As already intimated, in Methodist meet- lished in 1791. A goodly number of writers, 

ings, especially camp-meetings, here in New English and American, have wrought at this 

England, in the early part of the present same work. 

centurv, the same scenes were witnessed as « John Frederick Osterwald (Ostervald) a 

those described by Mr. Robbins among the celebrated Swiss divine, and an extensive 

Presbyterians in Pennsylvania, and on the author. He published a Bible in folio with 

Western Reserve. notes. This book was translated into Eng- 

5 The same Mr. Smith with whom Mr. lish. The author was born at Neuchatel in 

Robbins has corresponded by letter. 1663, and died 1747. 



,.(^ DIARV OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1807. 

hot weather this year. An unusual number of young ministers in the as- 
sociation. 

ID. The association licensed three preachers.' Rode hoine. 1 he turn- 
pike road from Sharon to Cornwall very hilly. Very tired. 

11. Read newspapers. Received a letter from William Blackburn, Phila- 
delphia. Read illustrations of Masonry. 

12. Worked making fence all day. The weather again backward and 
cold. My friend Oilman, of Marietta, has lately had a fine ship wrecked at 
the falls of Ohio." The same misfortune befel some others. 

IV Worked considerably. Rode to Colebrook to preach tomorrow for 
Mr. Leo, he being gone on a journey. Tarried at my brother's.' 

14. Preached from 2 Tim. iv : 7. 8. Considerably unwell with a cold. At 
evening rode to Winchester. It is to be hoped that the sickness here is 
abating. 

15. A Mr. Higley,* a candidate, is preaching here now. There appears to 
be no prospect of his settling. Rode home. Worked on the road.' 

16. Considerably unwell. My lungs appear to be weak, and I have some 
difficulty of breathing. Read Homer. Worked making a gate. Rainy 
weather, and ver)- backward. 

17. Very cool.' Read. Am able to work but little. The whole civilized 
world appears to be in an awful suspense on the event of a great battle which 
is constantly expected between the French and Russians.' May the God of 
heaven save from another universal monarchy.' 

18. Read Homer. Afternoon attended the concert of prayer. It appears 
to be a time of great stupidity here. 

19. Am quite unwell. Poorly able to read. Close attention seems to be 
injurious to me. My sister's little son is, I think, peculiarly promising.' 

20. Worked pretty hard all day. I believe I did too much. Quite warm. 
People but' beginning to hoe corn. 

21. Rode to Winchester by special request. Mr. Higley preached in the 



' These were John Woodbridge, William into a day-laborer on the road or in the fields, 

IJonnev, and Caleb Pitkin. summer or winter. 

= The falls on the Ohio River, here referred '' That battle was fought June 14, three 

to, are near Louisville, Kv., benvcen Louis- days before this entry was made, at Fried- 

ville and New .Mbany, Ind. In low water, land in Prussia. The battle was between the 

during the summer, the river is fordable at French and the allied armies of Prussia and 

this point. It is a place consequently where, Russia. The French were victorious, and the 

at all times, navigation is not without danger. peace of Tilsit soon followed, when Prussia 

' -Ammi Ruhamah Robbins, Jr. was obliged to part with nearly half her 

' Silas lligley. He was graduated at territory. 
Vale College in iS02, was licensed by the ' Like that of Rome in the ancient days. 

Hartford North Associ.ition Feb. 6, 1S05, ' This was Joseph Battell, the oldest child 

and died in 1S53. He seems, however, never of his sister Sarah, who was born April 17, 

to have become an ordained minister. 1S06. and was now about fourteen months old. 

- Mr. Robbins, notwithstanding all his ' A use of the word iuf, corresponding 

sickness and weakness, easily turns himself with our /lu/, or onlyj-uit. 



1807.J AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 327 

forenoon pretty well. Preached in the afternoon from Rev. xxii : 20. first 
part. Baptized ten children belonging to two families." 

22. Rode home. Quite warm. Trying to think of a subject for a Ma- 
sonic discourse.^ Quite unwell and feeble. 

23. Studied considerably. Wrote notes for a Masonic sermon. Worked 
some. Quite cool. We have very sudden changes of weather. 

24. Preached to a Masonic Lodge from 2 Peter i : 3,^ latter clause. The 
lodge here is quite respectable, and there was a large number of people. The 
lodge gave me six dollars, and requested a copy of the sermon, which I de- 
clined giving. At evening married a couple. 

25. All Europe seems to be in suspense on the event of a great battle 
daily expected.* My breast. is constantly very feeble, and at times consider- 
ably painful. Quite cool. 

26. Worked considerably. My father received a letter from James.' He 
is pretty feeble. I feel anxious about him. 

27. Read Homer. The heathen mythology appears exceedingly contempti- 
ble.^ Worked pretty hard. 

28. My father preached, I sat in the pew. Read the Bible. Osterwald's 
A'ofcs ' are ver)' useful. People here appear quite stupid. 

29. Quite warm. Worked making a large gate for a fence. The prospect 
of productions of the earth this year is ver}' poor. 

30. Very warm. At evening Capt. De Wolfe,' of Rhode Island, came here 
and tarried. The slave-traders are expecting to be restrained in their traffic 
by our government and the British.' Worked quite too hard. 

July. 

1. There seems to be very little calculation in the country for the cele- 
bration of an Independence. It has become rather stale, and the humbled 
state of our nation lessens the animation of the occasion.'" Read newspapers. 

2. Rode to Torrington, and preached a sacramental lecture from Rev. 



' Mr. Higley not being an ordained min- ' See June 7, 1S07. 

ister, could not perform the rite of baptism. ' Capt. James De Wolfe, one of the 

^ This was years before the great Anti- wealthy and most energetic men of Bristol. 

Masonic movement in this countr\', and min- He was born March iS, 1764, and while he 

isters, though not themselves Masons, used was yet in his teens was put in command of 

to accept these invitations to preach before a vessel. He was engaged in the slave trade 

Masonic bodies. when this was deemed not dishonorable. In 

3 "Through the knowledge of him who the War of 1812 he made much money by 

hath called us to glory and virtue." privateering. He was a man of striking 

* The battle was already fought as we appearance. He died Dec. 21, 1S37. 

have said. ' The Parliament of Great Britain abol- 

5 He was off on his mission. ished the slave trade, March 25, 1S07. 

*• This remark is very true generally, but "> In all such entries as this we must make 

the mythologies of Greece and Rome hold allowance for the strong Federal leanings of 

within themselves many shadowy records of Mr. Robbins. It was very difficult for the 

important primeval facts, and contain some men of that generation to judge political 

rare and beautiful conceptions. opponents with fairness. 



^,S PIARY OK RKV. THOMAS ROHP.INS, D.D. [1807. 

xvii: .4. A yoiin- woman was examined before the church for admission. 
She appeared 'ven' well. Very cool for tlie season. 

3. Rode to 'Winchester. Visited families. The people here feel very 
anxious about the broken state of their society matters. 

4. Rode home. Received the remainder of my book-case from Hartford. 
It is an exceedinglv good one. My books nearly fill it.' 

; My father preached, .\ttended the sacrament. Our meeting-house is 
very much crowded. It is a year yesterday since I got home from the west- 
ward. Mv breast is nearly as weak as it was then. 

6. Hid mv book-case setup. Considerably pained at my breast. Read 
Homer. The 'Legislature of Massachusetts appear to take great strides in 
tvrannv." 

-.1 make a pretty common practice of working in tlie garden from early 
in the morning till breakfast. Wrote. Read Homer. 

8. Wrote to my brother James. The country is in a very great commo- 
tion in consequence of the late outrage of a British ship.' Our situation 
naturally courts insult. 

9. Col. Burr* and six others are indicted for high treason. I think it will 
come to nothing, llr. Sheldon' gave me a receipt for a medicine. 

10. Preparing my medicine. Very warm. Mr. Marsh,' a candidate, here. 
He is quite unwell. Worked in the garden. The accounts from Europe give 
great hopes that the Most High will stop the mad conqueror. 

11. Read Homer. Cannot read very long at once. Veiy hot. Feel con- 
siderably dejected on account of my health. 

12. In very warm weather people evidently absent from meeting for the 
want of more comfortable seats. I believe my father preaches about as well 
as he ever did.' .\t evening rode out to see an old man, supposed to be 
dying. 

' 13. Am so feeble can work but little. Paid Mr. Battell. with some other 



' Ho had already gathered a .small por- but whom the United States called natural- 

tion only of the large library ho left to the ized .American citizens. 
Connecticut Historical Society. ■" .'Varon Burr being disappointed in his 

' The misfortune of Massachusetts was, hopes of becoming President of the United 

that she had that year elected James Sulli- States in iSoo, was suspected of a plot to 

van, l.L.U., a Democrat, for her Crovernor. set up a rival confederacy in Northern Mex- 

Mr. Sullivan had been from 1790 to 1S07 ico. On this charge he was tried in Rich- 

Attorncy-General of the State, was one of mond, Va., in 1S07, and was acquitted 

the founders, and, for many years. President because the needful proof could not be 

of the Massachusetts Historical Society, an obtained. He was not, however, cleared 

eminent and scholarly man. before the people, and he lived under this 

■• This was near the beginning of the shadow all the rest of his long life, 
troubles which led on to the War of 1S12. ' Dr. Daniel Sheldon, one of the leading 

England was at war with France, and the physicians of Litchfield County. 
United States, as neutral, had a large part of ' Frederick Marsh, already noticed, after- 

the carrying trade of the world. England wards settled at Winchester, 
haughtily claimed the right to board Ameri- " Mis father was then about si.xtj--seven 

can trading-vessels on the high seas and take years old, and in the forty-sLxth year of his 

off sailors whom she called British subjects, ministry. 



iSoy.] AT HOME IN XORFOLK. 329 

accounts, $10.77. I ^''^ "^ great hopes that Dr. Sheldon's medicine will be 
serviceable to me. 

14. Finished reading Cowper's Homer. I think the translation is ad- 
mirably well executed. A pretty dry season. My book-case and library much 
admired. 

15. Worked some. Ver\' warm. The President has issued a very smart 
proclamation against Great Britain. That is probably all that he will do." 

16. Rode with my brother Ammi's wife to Goshen. Last night a very hard 
shower. Mrs. Hale" in a state of very great melancholy. Attended an even- 
ing meeting. The awakening here is pretty great. 

17. Bought of Esq. Hale one third of Poole's Srno/'sis ^ ior four dollars. 
Rode home.^ Very warm. Some awakening in Litchfield. 

18. Read Shakespeare. Am much debilitated with the heat. My father 
rode to Colebrook to exchange with Mr. Lee. Went into the water. 

19. Mr. Lee preached. Read the Bible. Our boy Gurdon'had a sister 
die at Winsted, of the Winchester fever. 

20. Quite wet and rainy. A remarkably favorable time for vegetation. 
Very warm. Read Shakespeare. 

21. Worked on board fence. I think I can bear labor of any kind con- 
siderably better than in times past. 

22. Remarkably warm and rainy. Made a gate for a fence. Mr. Battell 
and my sister set out on a journey for some time. I have agreed to make my 
home at their house during their absence. Received a beaver hat from Dan- 
bury, made for me, cost seven dollars and a half. The one I now have I have 
worn steadily more than four years.' 

23. Last night a very hard rain. The ground ver)- wet. Divine Provi- 
dence seems to frown on the season. Worked all day. The belligerent 
powers in Europe seem to be at an awful pause. I expect they will make a 
peace. That will probably be an occasion of the greater extent of French 
dominion. 

24. Read considerably. People just beginning to mow. Worked some. 
Feel quite anxious about my brother James, lest his missionary life in this 
warm weather should be too much for him. I hope that the same God who 
carried me through many trials will help and support him. 

25. Am pretty feeble. Read. Afternoon had a most sudden and violent 



' Perhaps that was all he could properly of England, silenced for nonconformit}-. He 

do, under the circumstances of that time. went to Holland and died in 1679. 

^ Probably the wife of Judge Timothy * A boy probably who was living in the 

Hale. family as a servant. 

3 The celebrated Matthew Poole's Synopsis ' If a man buys such hats that he can 

Criticoriim Bihlicorum. This work was con- wear them steadily for more than four years, 

structed upon the plan of "bringing together it is not extravagant if he pays $7. 50 for one 

the opinions of one hundred and fifty Biblical of them. The hat which he was now to lay 

critics of all times and countries previous to aside went over the Alleghany Mountains 

his own." Poole was born in 1624, was twice, on horseback, and through his three 

educated at Emmanuel College, was one of years of rough experience in Ohio. That 

some two thousand ministers of the Church was service enough for one hat. 



35° 



DIARY OF REV. THOMAS ROBBINS, D.D. [1807. 



rain. I never saw our brook so high. It was nearly a foot deep over the 
liriclge and road. Orders are received by tlie militar\ companies to furnish a 
certain proportion of troops to be ready for a call. I suppose in order to 
contend against the British navy. 

26. Mr. Goodricli," of New Haven, and Mr. Gallaudet." of Hartford, came 
here yesterday and tarried o\er the Sabbath. The roads are very much 
washed by yesterday's rain. 

27. Worked in hay all day. Miss .Sall_\- Sherman.^ at Mr. Battell's, quite 
sick with an intiammatory fever. 

2$. Read. Rainy. A very melancholy time. It is said that in the towns 
below the grain is likely to be hurt by growing. Ha\e to attend much on 
Miss Sherman ; am concerned about her. 

29. Considerable and e.vtensive damage done by late severe shower. 
Worked quite hard in hay. People just beginning to harvest. 

30. Read Shakespeare. The ground very wet and streams quite high. I 
think I never saw our well so full of water. My father received a letter from 
mv brother James at Canandaigua. He is confined there with a bilious fever, 
but is hopefully gaining health. I fear he will not be able to perform his 
mission. 

31. A very favorable season for haying. On account of work I read but 
little. I think my father fails some with regard to work; he gets worried 
much sooner than formerly. 

AfGUST. 

1. Gen. Tracv,' of Litchfield, who has lately died at Washington, is a 
great national loss. He is much celebrated in the public papers. Worked 
quite hard all day. 

2. Miss Sherman continues quite weak and low. I think I am evidently 
considerably stronger in consequence of mv work. 

3. Rainy. People have very unsteady weather for their harvest. Grain 
and grass are pretty good, much beyond what was expected. 

4. Read Shakespeare. Our national spirit has lately been a little roused 
at foreign aggressions; but the government seems to be suppressing it to its 
ordinary supineness. National spirit in us seems to alarm no government but 
our own.' 

5. Worked carting grain. We have the melancholv intelligence of the 



' Elizur Goodrich, LL.D., born in Dur- Jn^tus Mitchell, whose maiden name was 

ham. Ct., 1761, gradu.aled at Vale, 1769, Martha Sherman, daughter of Rev. Josiah 

lawvcr in New Haven, Mayor of New Haven, Sherman, of Miltord. Miss Sally Sherman, 

iSo3-iSr2. visiting at Mr. Joseph Battell's, was doubt- 

' Thomas H. Gall.iudet, LL.D.. born in less of her kindred. 
Philadelphia, 1787, graduated in Vale Col- * Gen. Uriah Tracy, born in Franklin, Ct., 

lege. 1S05. Head of the Deaf and Dumb Feb. 2, 1755; died at Washington, D. C, 

Asylum, at Hartford, for many years. Died July 19. 1S07. He was United States Sena- 

:U Hartford. Ct., Sept. 9, 1851. tor from 1796 to 1S07. 

' Mr. William Battell, of Torrington. father ■' Sh.irp and sarcastic, and perhaps just, 

■ ; Joseph, married for his second wife Mrs. though Dr. Robbins opposed the war of 1812. 



1807.] AT HOME IX NORFOLK. 33I 

fall of Dantzic' before the French arms. I fear the powers at war will now 
make peace, and submit to France. 

6. Worked at harvest all day. Quite warm. Am considerably anxious 
about Miss Sherman as her fever continues. 

7. At evening Mr. Batlell and my sister returned from their journey. 
We hear from my brother James that he is hopefully recovering. 

8. Rode to Winchester and attended the funeral of the widow Looniis. 
Preached from John xi : 23. It hurt me less than I feared. A great number 
of people at the funeral. A hard shower. 

9. Mr. Higley- preached, and ver}- well. I assisted some, and baptized 
two children. At evening attended a conference ; very full. I feel quite 
concerned about the people here. 

10. Rode home. Quite warm. Several people at Winchester are not yet 
recovered from their epidemical fever. Read Shakespeare. 

11. Thus in the merciful Providence of God I am brought to the close of 
my thirtieth year. That I shall live so many years longer, I think there is but 
the smallest probability. That I shall continue in this world ten years more, 
I think not very likely.^ 

12. Worked at grain. Some of the grain very poor in consequence of 
being injured by the winter. The season for har^-esting very unfavorable. 

13. Worked making a horse-block. Quite cold and w^et. Read Shake- 
speare. Miss H. Battel!* quite unwell, and in a degree deranged. 

14. Am quite oppressed with an influenza. Have quite a hard cough. 
Tried to work and sweat some, as a likely way for relief. 

15. Read some. Quite unwell. The most of my father's family ha\e ihe 
influenza. Very warm. 

16. My father rode to Winchester. Mr. Higley preached here. Meeting- 
house ver)^ much crowded. Read the Bible. My mamma very feeble with 
her influenza. 

17. Worked. Afternoon rode with Mr. Whittlesey,' of Danbur}-, to Salis- 
bury and saw his wife and other Danbur}- friends. Can ride much better than 
in times past. 

18. Visited with my friends. Very warm. Rode home. People uni\er- 
sally in the midst of haying. 

19. Worked at hay. I find my breast something sore by my ride. We 
have an account of a great battle between the French and Russians.' I sus- 



' Dantzic, in Northern Germany, had child of Mr. William I'.attell, of Torrington. 

belonged to Prussia since 1793. It surren- She was a sister of Mr. Joseph Batlell. of 

dered to the French in May, 1S07, and by the Norfolk, who married Sarah Robbins. 
treaty of Tilsit was restored to independ- -' The man with whom he boarded when 

ence, under the protection of Prussia and living in Danbury. 
g^,.o„y <■ We know of no battle .between the 

= Silas Higlev, before mentioned. French and Russians about this time except 

3 He lived forty-nine years after this, so that of Friedland, already reported, fought 

that his estimate was very wide of the mark. June 14, iSo". The foreign news of that 

■• Miss Harriet Battell was the seventh day was very irregular. 



23' DIARV OK REV. THOMAS ROEBIXS. D.D. [1807. 

pect there ivas no great achantagc on either side. I am glad it was no 
worse. 

20. Read newspapers. Rainy. Worked in the garden. A remarkable 
year for vegetation. Tiie I'aiglish have met v.-ith some distressing losses in 
Egypt. Received a letter from Mr. Lee, of Colebrook. 

"21. Read Shakespeare. Quite wet and rainy. My brother James came 
home from the westward. He appears to be recovering his health. On the 
17th received twenty-two dollars from the people at Winchester. 

2:. Have tiie rheumatism very bad in my Ijack. Read. Am scarcely 
able to walk. 

23. Am something better of my rheumatic complaint. Rode in a carriage 
to Canaan. Afternoon preached for Mr. Cowries' from Num. x : 29. Many 
people here worked all day at hay. At evening attended a conference. 

24. Rode home. Worked considerably in haying. My brother James 
works some." Think preaching yesterday did me no injury. Quite cool. 

25. Worked quite hard all day. People generally are but now doing their 
haying. My inrtuenza appears to have gone off without leaving any cough 
upon me, which I much feared. 

26. If French successes continue and Bonaparte lives, I think it not im- 
probable that one of his favorites ere long will be sovereign of America.' 
Prob.ably a large portion of our country, not to say a majority, would gladly 
hail the event. Had some clothes made. 

27. Expected to have gone today on a journey to the eastward; but 
various circumstances rendering it ditficuh, it must be put off. I feel much 
disappointed. For four days I have worked steadily in haying. 

28. Rainy. Wrote considerably. Wrote to M. E. L.'' I hope my brother 
J. is regaining usual health. Esq. Alvord,* from Winchester, came to see me. 
They still make considerable dependence upon me there. 

29. Very warm. Worked making fence. I have this week exchanged my 
horse which is substantially lame, for a valuable mare eight years old. I am 
to give forty dollars in the exchange. The mare is probably worth sixty. My 
mission cost me about a sixty dollar horse. 

30. Afternoon preached for my father from Esther iv : 16. Very warm. 

31. Set out with my father in a carriage for Williamstown. Rode to 
Lenox. Tarried at Mr. Goodwin's.^ People generally are haying. There is 
some hope of a favorable dissension in Democracy in this State.' 



' Kcv. Pitkin Cowles, pastor at North this country had a real fear that Napoleon 

Canaan, Ct., 1S05 to 1S33. Rev. Mr. Cowles might come over here with his destroying 

was a native of Southington, Ct., and w.is armies. 

graduated at Vale College in iSoo. He died ■* It has been some time since we have 

'" '^33. had any suggestion about M. E. L. 

= We understand him to mean that his ' Eliphaz Alvord, Esq., probably, 

brother James is so far recovered from his •■ Joseph Goodwin. 

illness that he is .able to perform more or less " We must remember that he is now in 

physical labor. Massachusetts where they have a Demo- 

' It is safe to say that this did not come cratic Governor. Gov. Sullivan held his 

to pass. But lor years the good people of office onlv one year. 



1807.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 333 



1. Quite cool. The influenza' universally prevalent through the country. 
Rode to Williamstown. At evening attended the exhibitions. Find old 
acquaintance. I have not been here before for nearly five years. 

2. Last night the President's oldest son died ;^ of a fever similar to the late 
one at Winchester. The business of the day generally very good. INIuch fewer 
people than common : probably in a great degree on account of the influenza. 
The President appears remarkably well under his afflictions. But few minis- 
ters are present. 

3. In the forenoon attended the funeral of the President's son. Visited 
old acquaintance. 1 suspect the corporation do not treat my cousin H. .Starr 
very well in not appointing him tutor.' The ecclesiastical matters in this 
town are in a pretty bad state.* 

4. Rode with my father to Stockbridge. He found an old acquaintance. 
Mr. Watson, at Pittsfield. People in general have not near done haying. 
My horse goes ver)' well in a carriage. I think it questionable whether the 
college ought not to be removed from Williamstown.' Tarried at Dr. West's. 

5. Rode home. The roads very much gullied. I think I am much l>etter 
than I was a week ago. My brother Frank got home before us. 

6. I preached in the forenoon, my brother James in the afternoon. My 
father administered the sacrament. The church quite numerous. Preached 
from Matt, x: 32. I have some real concern about the feebleness of my 
brother J- 

7. Set out with my brother for New Haven. Rode to Waterbury. Tar- 
ried at a tavern. The roads very much washed. Perhaps no disease has ever 
been so universal in our country as the influenza at present. 

8. There was dancing and great noise in the house almost all night. ^ 
Rode to New Haven. At evening attended the speaking for premiums. I 
think the scholars here are not so good speakers as they were some years ago. 
Quite rainy. 

9. But few people in town for the occasion.' The performances of the 
day were rather indifferent. Had several applications to preach at \acant 



' During the administration of Vice-Presi- been the pastor for twenty-eight years, tlicd 

dent Tyler, 1841-1845, there was a like pre- in February, 1807, and no one was settled in 

vailing influenza known as the Tyler Grip. his place until 1813, when Rev. Walter King 

Since that time we do not remember anything was ordained. 

so severe and widespread as this influenza ' There was in those days some talk of 

described by Mr. Robbins in 1S07. removal because Williamstown then seemed 

^ An event like this would throw a cloud such an out-of-the-way i)lace. Cut it is well 

over the Commencement season, especially that no such plan or suggestion ever pre- 

in such a quiet and retired community as vailed. Williams College has a rich history, 

that of Williamstown then was. and has done a most excellent work. 

^ Henry Starr, son of Rev. Peter Starr, of ' This was at Waterbury. 

Warren, Ct., was graduated in 1804, at Will- ' The prevailing influenza and the badly- 

iams College. He became a lawyer. washed roads seem to have ' made small 

•* The church at Williamstown was now attendance at Commencement, both at Will- 
without a pastor. Rev. Seth Swift, who had iams College and ^■alc. 



334 



DIARV OK KKV. THOMAS ROIUUNS, D.D. [iSoy. 



places. Find many old friends. At evening; Mr. Hotchkiss," of Saybrook, 
preached the Coiicio. But few ministers for the occasion were present. 

10. Attended the meeting of the P. B. K. Society. Bought books. Cru- 
den's Conamiaiicc for $9.50;= S9.19 of which was the residue of the money 
given me at Winchester last March. Paid for Bedford's' Scripture Chronology 
<.4.75. Rode with my brother to Branford. Tarried at Mis. Huntington's. 

11. Wrote. Afternoon rode to North Branford to see 'hXx. Eells.'' He is 
verv poor and most probably will not preach much more. 

I J. Returned to Branford.' Quite warm. Dined at old Capt. Russell's. 
Peaches quite plenty. Events in iuirope appear to be going entirely in favor 
of Bonaparte. Human power contends in vain. 

13. Rode to East Haven and preached for Mr. Gaylord,"^ of Norfolk, who 
is now supplying there, in the forenoon, from Gen. vii ; 16. Afternoon re- 
lumed to Branford, and preached from Luke xv : 17. The same subject from 
which 1 preached here a year ago. I think I never made such a mistake 
before.' Mv brother has engaged to supply them here for a while. He is 
pretty feeble with the influenza. 

14. Mv preacliing yesterday affected me less than I feared. Left Bran- 
ford, rode to Iliirham. My brother has concluded to preach a little while at 
Branford if he shall be able. Tarried with Mr. Smith.' 

15. Quite cold. Rode to Hartford and Windsor. Find many friends. 
Some sickness in Hartford ; I think similar to the Winchester fever. Tarried 
at Esq. Selden's. 

16. People ijegin to sit by fires. I bear riding much, better than I feared. 
Rode to Suffield. The regimental trainings in this vicinity are this week. It 
appears that Bonaparte has made peace with Russia and Prussia. Probably 
pretty much on his own terms. I cannot yet believe that he will be permitted 
to consolidate Europe in one great monarchy.' 

17. Afternoon rode to Simsbury. I hope for divine guidance in all inter- 
esting circumstances in which I may ever be placed." Some people are quite 
sick with fever setting in with the influenza. 



'Rev. Frederick William Untclikiss, ' Arthur Bedford, an English divine, 

pastor at Old Saybrook, Ct., 17S3-1S44, .si.xty- 1668-1743. His work was entitled Scripture 

one years. >rr. Hotchkiss was a native of Chronology Demonstrated by Astronomical Cal- 

New Haven, and a graduate of Vale College dilations. London, 1730, folio. 

in I77'''' ' Rev. Samuel Eells was settled in North 

^ The sum of ?9.50 now would buy a splcn- liranford in 1769. He died in iSoS. 

did co|iy ot Cruden's Conconlance. Rev. Alex- ' Branford was where his grandfather, Rev. 

andcr I'rudcii, a native of Aberdeen, Scot- Philemon Robbins, was so long settled, 

land, born May 31, 1701, was the author '' Rev. Asahel Gaylord. 

of this Concordance, though it has been ' No harm done, but it was mortifying, 

ion- known that he availed himself largely, ^ Rev. David Smith, D.D. 

Without giving credit, of the work of Rev. » This remark shows the fears and appre- 

Samiicl Xownian, trrst mini.ster of Rchoboth, hensions of that day. 

Mass Mr. Newman wrought out his Con- " This remark seems to have a side refer- 

ccrd.:i:r under great ditliculiies. He was cnce to M. E. L., though he does not say 

minister at Rehoboth from 1644 to his death, that he had just been to Suffield where she 

'"*Jj- was living. 



1807.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 335 

18. Rode to Winchester. Preached a sacramental lecture from i Cor. xi : 
30. Think of supplying the pulpit here a little time. 

19. Rainy. Some people have not done haying. Wrote. Remarkably 
still times through the State in reference to the approaching Freeman's Meet- 
ing, more so than has been for some years. 

20. Quite a full meeting. Preached from Rev. iii : lo and Rom. xiv : lo. 
Administered the sacrament. Baptized four children. At evening rode to 
Colebrook with my brother Ammi and tarried. 

21. Rode home. Attended Freeman's Meeting. Votes here Federal, one 
hundred and thirty-two ; Democratic, thirty-one. Parties veiy still. Had an 
application to preach at a place near Boston. 

22. My sister Betsey arrived here last Sabbath, with her youngest child, to 
continue.' She is dependent on her friends. My brothers, Samuel^ and 
Francis,' set off on a journey to Plymouth and Boston. The influenza very 
prevalent here. 

23. Reviewed and balanced my accounts for a year past. I have paid a 
considerable sum for books, but I think I cannot have a better property. 
Rode to Colebrook and back Weather cool but dry.' 

24. Worked some. The late Freeman's Meeting has issued rather unfa- 
vorably through the remissness of the Federalists.'' At evening Mr. Wood- 
bridge and wife,^ from Stockbridge, came here and tarried. 

25. Rode to Litchfield. Preached in the afternoon at a stated weekly 
lecture from Luke xv : 17. There is a considerable seriousness here, but I 
suspect declining. At evening Mr. Johns,' of Berlin, preached. 

26. Treated very kindly at Mr. Allen's.' Visited several families. Rode 
to Winchester. Quite warm. I ride but poorly. 

27. Preached from Rom. x : i. I think I never preached upon any sub- 
ject which interests people more. Not so tired as I feared. Had company. 
Quite sickly at Winsted. 

28. Rode home. Received from New Haven, Bedford's Scriptun' Chro- 
nology. It appears much beyond my expectation. Preparing for association. 
Uncle Starr came. 

29. The association met here. They dined today at Mr. Battell's. Mr. 
Miller" and Mr. Hooker' preached. Several of the members are absent. 

30. The association licensed a young man '".who appeared very well. After 



' Her marriage with Mr. Lawrence, of * That is, not in Norfolk, but throughout 

Paris, N. Y., had not proved a happy one, the State, 

whether by his fault or hers, we cannot say. ' Probably Gen. John Woodbridge and 

^ Samuel Robbins, now twenty-three years wife. 

oK, had been teaching a school in Warren, ' Rev. Evans Johns, a Welshman. 

Ct. ' Judge John Allen. 

= Francis Le Baron Robbins, now twenty » Rev. William F. Miller, of Bloomfield, 

years old, had just finished his Junior year at Ct. 

Williams College. He takes advantage of « Rev. Asahel Hooker, of Goshen, 

the vacation to go with his brother and pay ■" This young man was Rev. Allen McLean. 

a visit to their kindred in Plymouth, Mass. He was a native of Vernon, Ct., was grad- 



33(> 



DIARV OK REV. THOMAS RORIilNS, D.D. [1807. 



dinner they dispersed. They met here on my account." My father went to 
Can.ian and prayed with a military regiment. Ouite warm. 

October. 

1. Read newspapers. The kingdom of Denmark is probably near expir- 
ing." She appears to have no choice left, but of masters England and France. 
Rode to Winchester. Visited some families. The sickness is verj' bad in 
Winsted. 

2. Visited a school. Rainy. We have now had dry weather nearly a 
fortnight : nnich the longest turn that has been this year. Read Shakespeare. 

V Afternoon rode up to the north end of Goshen to e.xchange with Mr. 
McLean/ who supplies them now. Got considerably wet. 

4. Preached from .A.cts .x.xviii : 24 and Num. x: 29. There has been con- 
siderable seriousness lately. I think nearly as many people attend meeting 
here as at Winchester. It will probably be a society ere long. Quite tired. 

5. Rode home. Quite cool. A Mr. Lansing,' from Albany, came here 
and left a son with my father for instruction. My mamma quite unwell with a 
cold and cough. 

6. Read Sliakespeare. Worked at rowing hay. A great many people 
traveling and visiting through the countiy. People travel most in wagons and 
carriages.' 

7. Several families from Winchester went on to New Connecticut. 
Worked considerably. Read Shakespeare. Denmark is probably about to 
perish among the great nations.'' 

8. Thi.s morning a pretty hard frost. We have had but little before. A 
great prospect of cider. 

9. Quite warm for the season. My father has a piece of grain veiy much 
eaten by grasshoppers. Read in the Zifo 0/ Nelson. A ver)' fine season for 
ripening corn. 

10. Rode to Winchester. I feel anxious what to do with this people. 
Read Shakespeare. I think I get a great many profitable ideas from him. 

11. Read the Bible. Preached from Rom. xi : 7 and Gen. xix: 17. Meet- 



uatetl at Y?le College in 1S05, and was after- fleet, under Lord Cathcart and Admiral 

wards the life-long minister o£ Simsbur)', Ct. Gambier, bombarded Copenhagen, and com- 

In the contributions to the Ecclesiastical His- pelled the Danish fleet of eighteen ships of 

tory of Counccticiil, Mr. McLean's licensure the line, fifteen frigates, and thirty-seven brigs 

is said to have been given Sept. 27, 1S07. to surrender, which brought the Danish power 

The meeting of the association, according to for the time to the verge of extinction. 
Mr. Robbins's record, was on the 29th and ' This was Rev. Allen McLean, who just 

30th of .September, and 27th should have before was licensed by the Litchfield North 

been 29th. .-Vssociation. 

' That is, he was personally a member of * Probably Judge John Lansing, a public 

the association, and it was his turn to have man of considerable note. 
the meeting, and not his father's. ■' The horseback age was then giving 

- Denmark did not join in the alliance of place to that of wheel-vehicles, 
the great European nations against France, * Her sun seemed to set for a time, but 

and these nations were therefore hostile to rose again. The bombardment of Copen- 

her. On the 7th of Sejn., 1807, the English hagen had just taken place. 



1807.] AT HOME IN NORFOLK. 337 

ing quite full and attentive. Had company. I am much stronger than I 
ha\e been in time past. Laus Deo. 

12. Verj' warm and dry. Visited families all day. There are a number 
of fine dairies here. This has been a favorable year for the business. 

13. Rode home. Worked making a board fence. My health and strength 
gain very sensibly. 

14. Worked considerably making a milking yard. At evening Mr. Ingalls." 
a missionary, came here and tarried. There is a remarkable reformation 
among many of the Indian tribes, with regard to spirituous liquors. 

15. Worked. Afternoon attended a church-meeting and weekly concert of 
prayer. The church excommunicated a member. There appear to be some 
instances of serious impressions here. Had a very solemn meeting. 

16. A man was buried in town who was yesterday found dead in the road. 
Wrote to Mr. Avery, of Fo.xborough, and to William Blackburn, Philadel- 
phia. Mr. Norton,'' from Whitestown, called here. Read Shakespeare, 

17. Worked at Mr. Battell's fi.xing his well to raise water. Rainy. Rode 
to Winchester. Read. 

18. Read the Bible. Preached from Acts x.xviii: 24. I am fearful of 
getting into a habit of preaching with too little preparation. Had company. 

ig. Walked and visited families all day. A very plentiful year for cider. 
Quite cold. People here in general very industrious. 

20. Last night there was some snow. Read Shakespeare all day. Close 
attention seems to affect my breast almost as much as speaking.' 

21. Read Shakespeare. Quite cold. At evening rode home. Capt. Ripley, 
from Whitestown, and his family tarried at my father's. My brothers S. and 
F. returned yesterday from their eastern journey.* 

22. Worked some. Read Bedford's Scripture Chronology. I like it much 
better than I expected. My sister B. lives here with us. 

23. Saw some acquaintance from Vermont. Instability, self-importance, 
vanity, and folly constitute the character of that unhappy State.' Rode to 
Winchester. Attended a prayer-meeting. But a few met, yet it was a solemn 
season. 

24. In the morning a little snow. Last night Mr. Bassett' and his family 
came here and tarried. He is exceedingly morose, unsociable, and unman- 



' Rev. Calvin Ingalls, before spoken of, life on the Western Reserve, amid fever and 

appointed by the Connecticut Missionary ague and many rude exposures, left him in a 

Society for service in Vermont, New York, bad condition, from which he is slowly, but 

and Pennsylvania. with many drawbacks, recovering. 

=" Rev. Asahel Strong Norton, D.D., born * They left on the 22d of September, so 

at Farmington, Ct., Sept. 20, 1765, graduated that they were gone a month lacking one 

at Yale, 1790, died at Clinton, N. Y., May 10, day. 

1S53. He was one of the founders of Ham- ' This is rather hard on Vermont, but she 

ilton College. He received his degree of has happily survived and has come out into 

D.D. from Union College in 1815. a very intelligent and virtuous condition. 

' Mr. Robbins has been contending with ' Rev. .Archibald Bassett, who was dis- 

this pain in his breast for two years. His missed at Winchester. 



2^8 PIARV OK RKV. THOMAS RomUNS. D.P. [1S07. 

neriy in his behavior. Made some pills according to the receipt Dr. Sheldon 
t^ave me some time since. Read the Bible. 

25. Preached to a ver}- serious and attentive audience from Acts vii : 34 
and'l'rov. i: 24, 25. 26. At evening walked out. Quite tired. 

26. Visited Mr. McEwen,' of N'ew London, now in this town. Quite cold. 
Read .Shakespeare. At evening rode home. My brother James just come 

home. 

27. \\"orked some. My brother S. quite unwell. The season dry and 
ver\- favorable for business. 

2S. Worked getting a large stick of timber for building. Read newspapers. 
I am very fearful that Great Britain will not be able to contend long against 
her immensely formidable enemies. 

29. .Afternoon my brother preached a sacramental lecture. He thinks of 
going to Whitestown to keep the Clinton Academy." 

" 30. Rode to Winchester and to Canton. I think I have never been so 
well able to ride since I left the western country. I hope to devote my spared 
life to a useful service. 

31. Rode to Mr. Hallock's.' He is now^ on a mission in Vermont.'' After- 
noon preached a sacramental lecture from Rev. xvi : 15. But few attended. 



1. It snowed considerably. Preached from Rev. xvii : 14 and Rom. x: i. 
Meeting full and attentive. .Vdministered the sacrament. The church here 
pretty large.^ Quite tired. 

2. Rode home. My salt-rheum considerably bad. Am earnestly re- 
quested to go to the Chenango country * to assist in organizing a church and 
society. 

3. Worked getting timber for a large cow-house. My cousin H. Starr 
came here and tarried. My brother' engaged to keep the school here in the 
neighborhood. 

4. Wrote. Towards evening rode to Winchester. It seems the people 
here at a meeting last Mond.ay have given me a call to settle with them. The 
vote was unanimous. The salary voted, four hundred and thirty dollars. They 
expect to raise three or four hundred dollars as a settlement. 

5. Walked out and visited. Read Shakespeare. Trying to put out my 
sister B.'s youngest child. People make a great quantity of