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Full text of "Dictionary of botanical equivalents, French-English, German-English"

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PROPERTY OF 




ARTES SCIE N TIA VERITAS 




DICTIONARY 

OF 

BOTANICAL EQUIVALENTS 



FRENCH -ENGLISH 
GERMAN-ENGLISH 



. / V . 






BY 



ERNST ARTSCHWAGER, Ph.D. 

Instructor in Plant Physiology at 
Cornell University 



AND 



EDWINA M. SMILEY. M.A. 

Instructor in Plant Pathology at 
Cornell University 



Published by 

WILLIAMS & WILKINS CO. 

Baltimore, Md. 



SCIENCE 
UBRARY 



• ♦ * 



Copyright, 1921 

BY 

WILLIAMS & WILKINS COMPANY 



COMPOSED AND PRINTED AT THE 

WAVERLY PRESS 

Bt thb Williams & Wilkins Compaky 

Baltimore, Md., U. S- A. 






r-«. 



c 






■N '' 



' \ PREFACE 



The work of the Great rests upon the accumulated 
) labor of an obscure host of patient and painstaking 

-'^ workers. — Yoffa, 



Readers of foreign botanical literature have for a long 
time felt the need of an accurate translation of technical 
terms which are not commonly found in our dictionaries. 
In the following compilation the editors have attempted 
to supply this need. The foundation of the work rests 
on Schneider's Illustriertes Handwörterbuch der Botanik. 
Many terms, however, have been taken from other 
dictionaries, as well as textbooks and current literature. 

French and German terms of Latin or Greek origin 
have been omitted whenever the English equivalent 
would practically have been only a repetition. For 
such terms as are included in this dictionary the exact 
English equivalents have been sought. 

In numerous instances, however, the lack of such 
has made it necessary to furnish an explanation of the 
foreign term rather than a translation. 

The list of plant names includes important economic 
plants, farm weeds, and the Latin equivalents for the 
larger plant groups. 

The editors, so far from attempting a complete 
compilation of French and German botanical terms, 
have aimed only at the production of a practical hand- 

3 



book, accurate within the Umits set for it. To make 
it possible for owners of the volume to amplify the list 
of terms and names given, the publishers have inter- 
leaved blank pages, and it is hoped that this will prove 
valuable for those who use the book. 

THE EDITORS. 
Ithaca, December 1, 1920, 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 

The editors wish to express to their colleagues and 
friends their appreciation for helpful criticism in the 
selection of the proper equivalents and in the reading 
and correcting of the proofs. 



FRENCH-ENGLISH 



aile 

aiguillon 

aisselle 


wing 

epidermal structure, trichoma 

axil 


albumen corné 
albumen amylacé 
amyloleucite 
appareil de soutien 
archidie 
article mâle 


horny endosperm 
starchy endosperm 
amyloplast 
sui)portive tissue 
sporangium 
male cell 


asque 

assise de cellules 


ascus 

tissue, layer of cells 


assise génératrice 
as'sise génératrice de la len- 
ticelle 


cambium 

cambium of lenticels 


assise mécanique 


mechanical cells, supportive 
cells 


assise pilifère 

assise plissée 

assise subéro phellodermique 

aubier 


piliferous region of root 

endodcrmis 

phellogen 

sapwood 


avoine 


oats 


azote 


nitrogen 


baie 

bec cutinisé 


B 

berry 

cutinized ridge of guard cells 
of stomate 


biocyte vivante 


parenchyma found between 
the elements of the pro- 




toxylem 



bois alterne 

bois d'automne 

bois de printemps 

bois imparfait 

bois précoce 

bois primaire de seconde 

formation 
bois tardif 
bouchon 
bourgeon 

bourgeon adventive 
bourgeonnement cellulaire 
bouturage 
bouture 



protoxylem 
summer wood 
spring wood 
sapwood 
spring wood 
metaxylem 

summer wood 

cork 

bud 

adventitious bud 

budding, formation of conidia 

plant cutting 

plant cutting 



cadre suberisé 

cal 

calice 

calice dialysepale 

calice gamosépale 

calicule 

caïeu 

calotte 

canaliculc 

canal aérifère 

capillite 

capitule 

capuchon 



cane 

cellule 

cellule annexe du stomate 

cellule compagne 



C 

radial dot (endodermis) 

callus 

calyx 

polysepalous calyx 

gamosepalous calyx 

involucre leaves beneath 

calyx 
sucker, off-set 
neck 
pitted 
airpassage 
capillitium 
head 
growth of tissue above the 

funiculus of many Euphor- 

biaceae 
smut 
cell 

subsidiary cell of stomate 
companion cell 



cellule de base 
cellule de bordure 
cellule de canal du col 
cellule de l'assise mécanique 
cellule disloque 

cellule du bois 
cellule laticifére 
cellule libérienne 
cellule ligneuse 
cellule mère 
cellule mère terminale 
cellule pierreuse 
cendre 

chambre aérienne 
chambre sous stomatique 
charnière inférieure 
charnière supérieure 
charnu 
chaton 
chaux 

chloroleucite 
cicatrice 
cil 

cil vibratile 
circumnation 
cire 
cloison 
coeur du bois 
coiffe 

collenchyme périphérique 
libérienne 

collet 

coUocyte 

conjunctive fondamentale 

conné 



stalkcell of hair 

guardcell 

neck canal cell 

mechanical cell 

cell of complementary tissue 
of leiïticel 

wood parenchyma cell 

latex vessel 

phloem parenchyma cell 

tracheid 

mother cell 

apical cell 

stone cell 

ash 

air chamber of stomate 

inner air chamber of stomate 

inner hinge (of stomate) 

outer hinge (of stomate) 

fleshy 

catkin 

lime 

chloroplast 

scar, leaf scar 

flagellum 

flagellum 

nutation 

wax 

septum, cross wall 

heart wood 

root cap 

collenchyma-like cells of cor- 
tex adjacent to proto- 
phloem 

neck 

collenchyma cell 

cortical tissue of petiole 

grown together 



connectif 


connective 


coquille de noix 


shell of walnut 


cordon libéro-ligneux 


fîbrovascular bundle 


corolle 


corolla 


corps dissout 


solute 


corps nourricier 


host 


couche membrane du proto- 


plasma membrane 


plasma 




couche séparatrice 


absciss layer 


couche subéreuse 


cuticle 


crampon 


rhizoid 


cristaux réunis 


compound crystal 

TV 


dehiscence poricide 


D 

porous dehiscence (of anther) 


demifleuron 


individual flower of Com- 




positae 


denté 


toothed 


deuteroxylème 


secondary xylem 


dialypétale 


polypetalous 


dissolvant 


solvent 


écaille 


E 

scale 


écaille de bourgeon 


bud scale 


écaille de bulbe 


bulb scale 


échantillon 


specimen 


échelon 


in ladder form 


écide 


eacidium 


écidiole 


spermatium 


écorce 


cortex 


écusson 


bud for grafting 


élément crystalligène 


crystal bearing element 


endoxyle 


pith crown 


endoplèvre 


tegmen 


enfoui 


buried, sunken 


en gain er 


to sheath 



8 



enkyster 


to encyst 


entassement 


crowding (of plants) 


entre-noeud 


internode 


épaisseur 


thickness 


éperon 


spur 


épi 


spike^ ear 


épine 


thorn 


espèce 


species 


étauiine 


stamen 


étamine pétali^ée 


petal-like stamen 


exfolié 


sloughed off 


exoderme 


hypodermis 

F 

phloein strand 


faisceau du liber 


faisceau libéro-ligneux 


fibrovascular bundle 


faner 


to wilt 


fécule 


starch 


fente 


anther slit 


feuille composée pennée 


compound pinnatifid leaf 


feuille charnue 


water storing leaf 


feuille peltée 


peltate leaf 


feuilles primordiales 


the leaves which develop after 


m 


the cotyledons 


fibre de remplacement 


substitute fiber 


fibre libérienne 


phloem fibre 


filet 


stamen filament 


fleure en languette 


ray flower 


fleur en tube 


disk flower 


fougère 


fern 


fructifier 


to sporulate 

G 

mestome sheath, leaf sheath 


gaine scléreuse 


galactocyte 


latex tube 


gamopétale 


gamopetalous 


gélifier 


to gelatinize 



9 



gélose 

gemmule 

glands 

gonfler 

gousse 

grappe 

grappe composée 

grappe d'ombellie 

grappe pendante 

greffe 

greffe à cheval 

greffe écusson 

greffe en anneau 

greffe en couronne 

greffe en fente 

greffe en flûte 

greffe en placage 

greffe mixte 

greffe par approche 

greffe sur racine 

greffoir 

greffon 

grêle 

gui 



hadrocyte 

hile 

hydrocyte 

hydrolycite 



lacune aérifère 
lame criblée 
lamelle moyenne 



agar 

embryo 

acorn 

to swell 

legume 

raceme 

compound raceme 

umbel-like raceme 

catkin 

graft 

saddle graft 

shield budding 

ring grafting 

crown grafting 

cleft grafting 

flute budding 

veneer grafting 

graft between plants not 

closely related 
inarching 
root grafting 
budding knife 
scion 
slender 
mistletoe 



H 



pitted element 

hilum 

element inside the cambial 

zone 
vacuole 



air space 
sieve plate 
middle lamella 



10 



leucite 


plastid' 


lèvre . 


lip (of labiate flower) 


levure 


yeast 


liber primaire de seconde for- 


metaphloem 


mation 




liège 


cork, peridenn 


liège cicatriciel 


cork formation following the 




falling of the leaf 


liè$çe dur 


hard cork 


liège mou 


soft cork 


ligule 


ligulate flower 


lirnbe 


leaf blade 


lisse 


the region of the root extend- 




ing from the rootcap to the 




piliferous zone 


loge 


anther lobe, locule 


logette 


pollen chamber, locellus 


lorique 


testa 


• 


M 


macle 


druse 


maille de réseau 


sieve mesh 


manchette annulaire 


annulus 


marcotte 


runner, layer 


méat 


small triangular intercelliUar 




space 


méats ou intervalle 


intercellular space 


méridien protoplasm ique 


•spindle fiber 


merisstele cortical 


leaftrace bundles in the cortex 


mince 


thin 


mince filet 


filar strand of protoplasm 


moelle 


pith 


moisi 


mold 


monoïque 


monoecious 


morcellement 


division 


motrice 


motor cell (in grass leaf) 


mousse 


moss 



11 



N 



nervure 

nodule scléreux 

noyau 

noyau reproducteur 

noyau secondaire 

nucléole 



vein 

group of stone cells 

nucleus 

generative nucleus 

polar nucleus 

nucleolus 



O 



ombelle 

onglet 

oreillette 

ostiole 

oursin 

ovaire 

ovaire adhérent 

ovaire libre 



umbel 

base of petal 
auricle (grass) 
stomatal opening 
compound crystal 
ovary 

inferior ovary 
superior ovary 



panaché 

parcours des vaisseaux 

parenchyme de dilation 

parenchyme étiolé 

parenchyme ligneux 

parenchyme mur if or me 

parenchyme rameux 

parenchyme subéreux 

paroi 

pédoncule 

penne 

phellogène sous-lenticellaire 

piquant 

plaque criblée 

plante vivace 

plaie 



variegated 

the course of the leaf-traces 

the broadened part of- the 

medullary ray 
aerenchyma 
wood parenchyma 
brick-shaped parenchyma cells 
lacunate parenchyma 
periderm 
cell wall 
peduncle 
pinnatifid 

closing cells of lenticel 
prickle 
sieve plate 
perennial 
scar 



12 



plaque équatorîale 


equatorial plate 


pli 


thin spot in wall of pollen 




grain 


plissé 


plaited 


pollinie 


pollinium 


poche 


bordered pit 


poche secrétrice 


internal gland 


poil crochu 


hooked hair 


poil en écusson 


shield hair 


poil urticant 


nettle hair 


ponctuation aérolée 


simple pit 


ponctuation simple 


simple pit 


ponctuée 


pitted 


préfloraison 


aestivation 


prêle 


horsetail 


primine 


first integument 


protochorde 


protoxylem group 


racine 


R 

root 


racine binaire 


diarch root 


racine principale 


mainroot, taproot 


racine vivace 


perennial root 


radicelle , 


rootlet 


rameau 


branch 


rebrousse 


retrorse 


region pilifère 


piliferous region of root 


region subéreuse 


region of root between hypo- 




cotyl and piliferous region 


revêtement de cire 


cuticular ridge 


rond de sorcier 


fairy ring 


rouille 


rust 


sain 


S 

healthy 


scarieux 


scarious • 



13 



secondine 


second integument 


semence 


seed 


semis 


seedplot, seedling 


serre 


greenhouse 


sève 


sap 


sève brute 


crude sap 


sillon 


anther-lobe, furrow 


socle 


foot of hair 


sol 


soil 


souche . 


rhizome, stem 


spadice 


spadix 


squamme 


scale 


stéreide 


fiber 


stigmate 


stigma 


subérifié 


suberized 


stomate aquifère 


hydathode 


suc cellulaire 


cell sap 


suçoir 


haustorium, scutellum 


talon 


T 

heel 


tégument séminal 


seed coat 


témoin 


check plant 


thalle 


thallus 


thylle 


tylosis 


tige' 


stem 


tige rampante 


creeping stem 


tige souterraine 


underground stem 


tige tubercule 


tuber 


tige volubile 


twining stem 


tige vrille 


twiner 


tigelle 


small stem 


tissu criblé 


phloem 


tissu en palisade 


palisade tissue 


tissu lacuneux 


spongy parenchyma 


tordu 


convolute 


tube criblé 


sieve tube 



14 



vaisseau annelé ringed element 

vaisseau aréole pitted elements 

vaisseau intermédiaire metaxylem element 

vaisseau ponctué pitted vessel 

vaisseau superposé secondary xylem element 

vrille tendril 

vrille feuille leaf-twiner 



15 



GERMAN-ENGLISH 



Abänderungsspielraum m 
Abart f 
Abbau m 
Abblätterung f 
Abblühung f 
abfallend a 
Abfurchung f 
abgeflacht a 
abgegrenzt a 
abgehaart a 
abgestumpft a 
abgestutzt a 
Abhaltungsmittel n 
abholzig a 

Ablast m 

Ablaufwinkel m 

Ableger m 

Abrisszone f 
Absaugflasche f 
Abschnürung f 
Abschreckungsmittel n 
abschuppen v 
Absenker m 
Absonderungsflüssigkeit f 



class variation 

variety 

degeneration, running out 

exfoliation 

cessation of flowering 

deciduous 

segmentation 

oblate 

delimited 

glabrous 

blunt, truncated 

means of prevention, barrier 
tapering (of tree-trunks and 

stems) 
complete suppression of the 

development of an organ 
angle between main axis and 

lateral members 
a new individual produced 

asexually 
zone of abscission 
filtering flask 
abstriction 
protective agent 
to scale off 
layer, cutting 
excretion, secretion 



16 



Absprung m 
Abstammiingstheorie f 
abstehend a 
absteigend a 
Abtriebsalter n 

abwärtsgerichtet a 
Abzweigung f 
Achse f 
Achselversprossung f 

achsenbürtig a 
Achsenfadenranker m 

Ackerboden m 
Ackerfuchsschwanz m 

Ackerkamille f 
Ackerkrume f 
Ackerminze f 
Ackersenf m 
Ackerwinde f 

Ader f 
Aderholz n 

Adventivfi^der f 
Adventivkeim m 
Aequationsteilung f 
Aequatorialplatte f 
Afterblatt n 
Afterdolde f 
Aggregationsarten f pi 



Aggregationsplasmodien n pi 



ramular abscission 
^descendance theory 

spreading 

descending 

final age (of timber trees), 

cutting age 
* inverted 

branching 

axis 

appearance of buds within a 
flower 

arising from the axis 

a plant climbing by means of 
axial tendrils , 

surface soil, cultivated soil 

foxtail grass, Alopecurus agres- 
tis 

chamomile, Matricaria sp. 

surface soil 

mint, Mentha arvensis 

mustard, Brassica arvensis 

small morning-glory. Convol- 
vulus arvensis 

vein, grain (of wood) 
' wood cut so as to show the 
grain 

accessory pinna 

adventitious embryo 

equational division 

equatorial plate 

stipule 

cyme 

the close association of mem- 
bers of a species or of widely 
related groups 

pseudo-plasmodia (of Acra- 
ceae) 



17 



Ahlbeere f 
Ahnenplasma n 
Ahorn m 

•Ahorngewächse n pl 
Ährchen n 
Ähre f 
Ährendolde f 
Ährenfrucht f 
Ährenköpfchen n 
Ährenlilie f 
Ährenrispe f 
Ährentraube f 
Akelei f 
Alarzelle f 
Aleuronkorn n 
Algenpilz m 
Algenzone f 
allassotonische Bewegung f 

Alpenveilchen n 
Alpranke f 

Alterationserscheinung f 



alternierend a 
Altholz n 
Altkultur f 
Alveolarschicht f 
Ambraholz n 
Ameisenäther m 
Ameisenpflanze f 
Ameisensäure f 
Amokukar n 
Ampfer m 
Ananas f 
Anbau m 



black currant, Ribis nigrum 

germplasm 

maple, Acer sp. 

Aceraceae 

spikelet 

spike 

spikelike umbel 

grain, cereal 

capitate spike 

N ar th ecium ossifragum 

contracted panicle 

spikelike raceme 

columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris 

alar cell 

aleuron grain 

pfiycomycete 

algal layer (in lichens) 

nutation due to reduction in 
cell turgor 

cyclamen 

bittersweet, Solanum Dulca- 
mara 

the indirect influence of an 
organ upon the develop- 
ment of another 

alternating 

old timber 

aging culture 

alveolar layer 

yellow sandalwood 

ethyl formate 

ant-plant, myrmecophyte 

formic acid 

ammoniacal copper carbonate 

dock, Rujfiex sp. 

pineapple 

cultivation 



18 



Anbaufähigkeit f 
Anbauwürdigkeit f 
Andorn m 

aneliotrop a 
'Anemogamie f 
Anfaulen n 
Anflug m 

Anflugstelle f 

angeflogen a 
Angelborste f 
Anger m 
angewachsen a 
Anhangleiste f 

Anhängsel n 
Ankerhaar n 
Ankerklette f 

Ankömmling m 
Ankultur f 
•Anlage f 

Anlagenplasma m 
anliegend a 
Anlockungsmittel n 
anormale Fieder f 
Anpassung f 

Anpassungsnotwendigkeit f 
Anpassungsmerkmal n 
Anpassungsvermögen n 
anreizen v 
Ansatz m 

Ansatzpunkt m 



possibility of cultivation 

worthiness of cultivation 

horehound, Marrubium vul- 
gare 

insensible to light 

wind pollination 

beginning of rot 

forest rejuvenation by wind- 
disseminated seeds 

landing place (for insect vis- 
itors of a flower) 

self-sown 

glochidium 

grass plot 

coherent 

appendicular ridge (of sto- 
mate) 

appendage 

anchor hair 

burr fruit with projections 
for anchoring in the soil 

casual (plant) 

young culture 

primordium, meristem, char- 
acter 

idioplasm 

accumbent 

lure (for insects) 

accessory pinna 

adaptation 

necessity for adaptation 

adaptative character 

adaptability 

to stimulate 

apophysis, shoulder, append- 
age 

insertion point 
19 



Anschluss m 

Anschlusszelle f 
Ansiedler m 
Antennen f pl 



•Antherenfach n 
Antherenhälfte 1" 
«Antherenröhre f 
Antheridiumstand m 
Antheridiumstift m 
anticipierter Trieb m 
Anticonsimilität 
anwurzeln v 
'Apfelfrucht f 
Apfelkernhaus n 
Apfellangtrieb m 

^ Apfelsäure f 

Apfelschorf m 

Apicalöffnung f 
* Appositionswachstum u 
'Aprilpflanze f 

arbeitender Laubspross m 

Arbeitshyperplasia f 

^Arbeitsvermögen n 
Archegoniatentypus m 



Archcgoniumträger m 
Arm (der Translatoren) ni 
Arinlcuchtoralga f 
Arnilcuchtergewächs n 
Arinpalisadenzollc f 



relation of the parts of the 
perianth to the bracts 

hypophysis 

epoikophyte 

hairs and appendages found 
on the lower, lip of the blad- 
der of utricularia 

anther sac 

theca 

anther tube 

autheridiophore 

antheridium cap, cuspide 

prolepsis 

asymmetry 

to take root 

pome 

apple core 

long shoot of apple tree (in 
contrast with spur shoot) 

malic acid 

apple scab 

apical pore 

growth by apposition 

spring plant 

shoot with photosynthetically 
active leaves 

hyperplasia produced by an in- 
creased demand on an organ 

energy 

type (of stomate) found in 
the Archegoniatae (pterido- 
phytcs and gymnosperms) 

receptacle, torus 

arm of retinaculum 

stone wort, Chara sp. 

stone wort, Chara sp. 

arm palisade cell 



20 



^ armspannig a 

Arongewachse n pi 

Aronstab m 
•Art f 

Artanfang m 



Artbastard m 
Artbildung f 

artfremd a 

Artkreuzung f 

Asbestpflanze f 
' Asche f 

Aschenbestandteil m 

Asehenermittlung f 

Aschengehalt m 
, Ast m 

• Astanlage f 
'Astfäule f 

■ Astholz n 
«Astranke f 

• Astreinigung f 
'Atemhöhle f 

' Atemöffnung f 
Atemwurzel f 
Atmung f 
Atmungsnahrungsmittel n 

Ätzkalk m 
Ätzsublimat n 
Auboden m 
Aufästung f 
'Aufbauen n 
'Auffrieren n 
aufgeblasenes Leimkraut n 



few-barred 

Araceae 

Arum sp. 

species, kind, breed 

a mutation which has not as 
yet established itself as a 
species 

species hybrid 

formation of species, specia- 
tion 

of unlike species 

species hybridization 

milkweed 

ash 

ash constituent 

ash determination 

ash content 

branch, knot (in wood) 

branch primordium 

branch rot 

branch wood, lap-wood 

branch tendril 

natural pruning 

air chamber 

stomate 

respiratory root 

respiration 

food substance used in respi- 
ration 

unslaked lime 

corrosive sublimate 

marshy soil 

heading 

synthesis 

frost lifting 

bladder campion, Silciie in- 
flata 



21 



'aufgehen v 

aufgewachsen a 

aufliegend a 

aufliegende Anthère f 
' Auflösungsmittel n 

Aufregungsmittcl n 

Aufschlag m 

Aufschliessen n 

' aufschwellen v 
' aufspeichern v 
' aufspriessen v 
■ aufspringend a 
Aufschliessungsvermögen n 

aufsteigend a 
aufsteigende Knospende 

deckung f 
Auftrieb m 



aufwachsen v 
Aufzelle f 

äugeln V 
Augenfleck m 
augenfleckig a 
Augentrost m 
Ausartung f 

ausbauendes Wachstum n 
Ausbreitungsgoschwindig- 

keit f 
Ausbuchtung f 
ausdauernd a 
ausdauernder Knäul m 
Auseinanderhobung f 



to spring up, germinate 

adnate 

incumbent 

adnate anther 

solvent 

stimulus, irritant 

forest rejuvenation from 
heavy seed 

decomposition of soils, hy- 
drolysis 

to swell 

to store 

to spring up 

dehiscent 

ability of rendering plant 
nutrients available 

ascending 

cochlear aestivation 

aerenchyma (above the theca 
of 'the anther of Cerato- 
phyllum) 

to grow up 

cell which gives rise to the 
epiblem in roots 

to bud 

eyespot, stigma 

ocellate 

eyebright, Euphrasia officinalis 

degeneration 

formative growth 

speed of migration 

protrusion 

perennial 

knawel, Scleranthus perennis 

apostasis 



22 



Ausfallen n 

Ausflocken n 

Ausführungsspalte f 

'Ausgangsform f 
< ausgebaut a 

ausgebuchtet a 

ausgerandet a 

ausgeschweift a 

ausgespreizt a 

ausgestochen a 
• Ausläufer m 
'Auslese f 

Auslösung f 
> auspflanzen v 

aussalzen v 

Ausscheidung i 
Ausschlag m 
ausschlagen v 
ausschwefeln v 
Aussendrüse f 
'Aussenhaut f 
Aussenhülle f 
Aussenkelch m 

' Aussenrinde f 



Ausstreuvorrichtung f 
Austrocknung f 
auswendig a 
Auswuchs m 
Auszughauung f 

Auszweigung f 
Auwald m 
avunkulare Kreuzung f 



precipitation 

flocculation 

pore (of internal glands) 

original form 

exhausted 

emarginate 

crenate, emarginate 

incised 

divergent 

scrobiculate 

stolon, runner 

selection, elimination 

release 

to plant 

to separate by the addition 
of a salt 

elimination, excretion 

foliation, sucker production 

to bud, to produce suckers * 

to fumigate with sulphur 

external gland 

middle lamella 

excipulum, involucre 

calyculus, outer calyx, in- 
volucre 

periderm inclusive of the dead 
layers of the secondarj" 
phloem 

mechanism for seed dispersal 

desiccation 

extrorse 

enation, excrescence 

removal of diseased or injured 
trees 

branching 

lowland forest 

cross between mutants of a 
direct line 



23 



Axe f 

axenbürtig a 
axilarer Strang m 



"backsteinartig a 
Baldriangewächse n pi 
Balg m 
Balgfrucht f 
Balgkapsel f 
Band n 
bandiert a 
Barbarakraut n 
Bärentapengewächse n pi 
Bärenwurz f 
Bärlapp m 
Basalblatt n 
Basalscheibe f 
Bàsalknoten m 

Basilarmembran f 



Bastardbestäubung f 

Bastardierung f 
Bastfaser f 

bastfaserähnliches System n 

Bastkeil m 
Bastkörper m 
Bastparenchym n 
Baststrang m 

Bauch m 
bauchig 



axis 

axial 

medullary bundle 



B 



brick shaped 
Valerianaceae 
empty glume 

follicle 

narrow strip of woodland 

fasciate 

spring cress, Barbar ea vulgaris 

Acanthaceae 

Meum athananticum 

club moss, Lycopodiiim sp. 

basal leaf 

holdfast 

the first node (of a leaf in 

Chara) 
membrane formed by the 

union of the teeth of the 

peristome 
cross pollination between 

plants of different species 
hybridization 
fiber of phloem, cortex or 

pericycle 
tissue made up of libriform or 

septate libriform fibers 
wedge of bast 
phloem 

phloem parenchyma 
the sievetube bearing part of 

the phloem 
venter 
ventricosc 



24 



Bauchkanalzelle f 
Bauchkanalkern m 
Bauchnaht f 
Bauchpilz m 
Bauchrinne f 
Bauchseite f 
bauchständig a 
Bauchteil m 
*Baum m 
baumartig a 

• baumbewohnend a 
Baumfarn m 
Baumgenossenschaft f 
Baumgrenze f 
Baumschule f 
Baumwürgergewächse n pl 
Baustoff m 
Baustoffwechsel m 
Becher m 

' beblättert a 
Bechercotyl m 
Becherdrüse f 
Becherflechte f 

• Becherfrüchtler m 
Becherpilz m 
Becherträger m 

\bedecktsamig a 
' bedecktsamige Pflanze f 
Beeinflussbarkeit f 
Beere f 

Beerenfrucht f 
.Beerenzapfen m 
Beerenesche f 

Beet n 
Beete f 
, Befestigungsmittel n 



ventral canal cell 

ventral canal nucleus 

ventral suture 

gastromycete 

ventral groove (Marchantia) 

ventral side 

ventral 

venter 

tree 

dendriform 

growing on trees 

tree fern . 

tree association 

timberline 

nursery 

Celastraceae 

building material, nutrient 

anabolism 

ascidium, ascus, calyx 

leafy 

amphicotyledon 

crateriform gland 

cup-lichen 

cupuliferous plant 

ascomycete 

cupuliferous plant 

angiospermous 

angiosperm 

modifiability, susceptibility 

berry 

berry 

cone 

mountain ash, Pyrus Ancu- 

paria 
bed (of plants) 
beet 
fixing agent 



25 



Befruchtung f 
Befruchtungsanthere f 
Befruchtungsschlauch m 
Begleiter m 
Begleitgewebe n 
Begleitparenchym n 

Begleitpflanze f 



Beiknospe f 

beiläufiger Schmarotzer m 

Beinweide f 

Beispross m 
Beize f 

Beköstigungsanthere f 



benarbt a 
berast a 
Berberitze f 
Bereicherungsspross m 



Bergtee m 
Berlinerblau n 
Bernsteinsäure f 
Berufskraut n 

Berührungsbrücke f 



Berührungsreiz m 
Berührungsstreifen m 



fertilization 

pollinating anther 

pollentube 

comité 

connective tissue 

accompanying parenchyma, 
leptome sheath 

attending plant (found only 
in connection with definite 
plant associations) 

lateral bud 

semi-parasite 

honeysuckle, Lonicera xylos- 
teum 

secondary shoot 

disinfectant, disinfection, cor- 
rosion 

short anther (in flower, which 
furnishes the food for visit- 
ing insects) 

grass-covered 

covered with turf 

barberry, Berber is vulgaris 

accessory shoot (which in- 
creases the fruiting and 
photosynthetic area) 

wintergreen, Pyrola sp. 

Prussian blue 

succinic acid 

horse- weed, Eriger on cana- 
densis 

a clamp connection between 
two hyphae by means of 
short, perforated protru- 
sions 

contact stimulus 

land at edge of wood 



26 



Besamung f 


seeding 


Besamungshieb m 


thinning of old trees to insure 


, 


growth of seedlings 


Beschleunigungsreiz m 


accelerative stimulus 


beschuppt a 


loricate 


Besenkraut n 


the broom, Cytisus scoparius 


Bestand m 


plantation, stock 


Bestandteil m 


constituent, element 


Bestäubung f 


pollination 


Betriebsenergie f 


energy of respiration 


Betriebsstoffwechsel m 


catabolism 


Beulenbrand m 


boil srrmt 


Bewahrungsmittel n 


preservative 


beweglich a 


versatile, motile 


Bewegungsgewebe n 


motor system 


Bewegungsreiz rri 


motor stimulus 


Bewegungsursache f 


cause of movement 


Bewegungsvermögen n 


power of movement 


bewimpert a 


ciliate 


Biegungsfestigkeit f 


flexile strength 


bigener Bastard m 


genus hybrid 


Bildungsabweichung f 


deviation from normal devel- 




opment 


Bildungsenergie f 


energy of formation 


'Bildungsgewebe n 


meristem, cambium 


Bildungswärme f 


heat of formation 


Bilsenkraut n 


henbane, Hyoscijamus sp. 


Binse f 


rush 


Binsenblatt n 


rush-like leaf 


Bindung f 


linkage, union 


Bingelkraut n 


mercury, Mercurialis annua 


Binnendruck m 


internal pressure 


biogenetisches Grundgesetz n 


biogenetic law 


Birke f 


birch 


Birkengewächse n pl 


Betulaceae 


Birne f 


pear 


birnförmig a 


pyriform 



27 



Bitterholzgewächse n pl 
Bitterkleesalz n 
biversale Anpassung f 
Blähfrucht f 
bläschenförmig a 
Blase f 

blasebalgartig a 
Blasenflieger m 

m 

Blasenhaar n 
Blasentang m 
blasig aufgetrieben a 
•Blatt n 
Blattabfall m 
Blattabschnitt m 
Blattachsel f 

• Blattaderung f 

• Blattanlage f 
Blattanordnung f 
Blattansatz m 
Blattauge n 
Blattbasis f 
Blattbleiche f 

Blattbräune f 
blattbürtig a 
Blattdorn m 
Blätterbrand in 
blätterig a 
Blätterpilz 
Blattfederchen n 
Blattfläche f 
Blattflechte f 
Blattfleisch n 
Blattflügelzellc f 
Blattfolge f 
blattförmig a 



Simarubaceae 

oxalic acid 

adaptation in two directions 

pneumatocarp 

vesicular 

bladder 

bellowslike 

fruit with wings of Cynara 

type 
bladder hair 
rockweed, Fucus sp. 
vesicular 
leaf 

defoliation 
leaf segment 
leaf axil 
leaf venation 
leaf primordium 
phyllotaxy 
stipule 
leafbud 
leaf base 
leaf injury due to excess of 

light, chlorosis 
leaf blotch 
arising from a leaf 
leaf thorn 
leaf smut 
leafy 

mushroom 
plumule 
lamina 
foliose lichen 
spongy parenchyma 
alar cell 
leaf succession 
lamelliform 



28 



Blattfuss m 

* Blattgelb n 

' Blattgrün n 
Blattgrund m 

* Blattgrüntod m 

* Blatthäutchen n 
Blattkanne f 
«Blattkeim m 
Blattkissen n 
Blattkletterer m 
Blattknospe f 

* Blattlücke f 

* Blattnarbe f 

. Blattnervatur f 

Blattpolster n 
' Blattrand m 

Blattranke f 

Blattrankenträger m 

'Blattrippe f 

Blattrollkrankheit f 

Blattrudiment n 

Blattscheide f 

Blattschlauch m 



Blattschuppe f 
Blattskelett n 

Blattspindel f 

Blattspitzenkletterer m 

Blattspreite f 
'Blattspur f 
^ Blattspurstrang m 

Blattsteckling m 



sclerotic thickening (at base 

of Isoetes leaf) 
xanthophyll 
chlorophyll 
leaf base, lower portion of leaf 

primordium 
frost injury to needles and 

small branches 
cuticle, ligule 
pitcher leaf 
plumule 
pulvinus 
leafclimber 
leafbud 
leaf gap 
leafscar 
leaf venation 
pulvinus 
limb 

leaf tendril 

plant bearing leaf tendrils 
midrib, nerve, vein 
leafroll disease 
rudimentary leaf 
leaf sheath 
leaf or part of leaf modified 

to form a pitcher or bladder; 

ascidium 
ventral lobe 
leaf skeleton, the vein system 

of a leaf 
rachis 

leaftip climber 
leaf blade 
leaf trace 
leaf trace bundle 
leaf cutting 



29 



Blattstellung f 
Blattstiel m 
Blattstielblatt n 
Blattstieldrüse f 
Blattstielgrübchen n 

Blattstielkletterer m 
Blattstielnarbe f 
Blattstielranke f 
Blattstielranker m 
Blattsucculent m 
Blattwand f 



Blattzipfel m 
blattzipfelförmig a 
blattzwischenständig a 
Blausäure f 
V Blauholz n 
Bleiarsenat n 
Bleiwurzgewächse n pl 
Blendart f 

Blendling m 

Blendlingsbestäubung f 
* Blume f 

Blumenbesucher m 
Blumenbinse f 
Blumenblatt n 
blumenblattartig a 
Blumendeckblatt n 
Blumenduft m 
Blumenknospenstand m 
Blumenkohl m 
Blumenkrone f 
Blumenstaub m 



phyllotaxy 

petiole 

phyllode 

petiolar gland 

lenticel-like structure of 
petiole 

petiole climber 

leaf scar 

pe.tiolar tendril 

petiole climber 

plant with succulent leaves 

the wall which cuts off the 
leaf initials from the grow- 
ing point of the axis. 

leaf lobe 

acutilobate 

interfoliaceous 

hydrogen cyanide, prussic acid 

log-wood 

lead arsenate 

Plumbaginaceae 

true variety resulting from 
hybridization 

intermediate hybrid which 
breeds true 

nothogamy 

flower 

flower visitor 

Butomus umbellatus 

petal 

petaloid 

involucral leaf 

fragrance 

vernation 

cauliflower 

corolla 

pollen 



30 



Blumenstetigkeit f 

Blumenstielchen n 
Blumenuhr f 
blumig a 
Blutblatt n 
' Blüte f 
Blütenachse f 
Blütenanschluss m 

Blütenbecher m 
•Blütenblatt n 
• Blütenboden m 
Blütendecke f 
Blütenduft m 
Blüteneinsatz m 



Blütenformel f 
' Blütenhülle f 

• Blütenhüllenblatt n 

• Blütenkätzchen n 
Blütenknauel m 
Blütenknospe f 
Blütenkolben m 
Blütenkorb m 

- Blütenpflanze f 
Blütenschaft m 
Blütenscheide f 

^Blutenstand m 
Blütenstandboden m 
Blütenstandstiel m 

• Blütenstaub m 
Blütenstiel m 
Blütenstielranke f 
Blütenwachs n 



preference of some insects for 

one kind of flower 
pedicel 

opening time (of flowers) 
glaucous 
Arnica sp. 
blossom 

receptacle, floral axis 
position of perianth parts (in 

relation to bracts) 
hypanthium 
petal 

receptacle, torus 
involucre, perianth 
fragrance 
the position of the perianth 

parts of a flower lacking 

bracts in relation to the 

subtending leaf 
floral formula 
perianth 
sepal 
catkin 

flower cluster 
flower bud 
spadix 
calathidium 
angiosperm 
floral shoot 
spathe 
inflorescence 

receptacle of inflorescence 
peduncle 
pollen 
pedicel 

tendril formed by pedicel 
flower wax 



31 



Blütenzeichnung f 
Blutungsdruck m 
Blutungssaft m 
Blutungswasser m 
Blutwurz f 

Bockshornklee m 
" Boden m 

Bodenerschöpfung f 

bodenhold a 

Bodenentseuchung f 

Bodenerhitzung f 

Bodenläufer m 

Bodenmüdigkeit f 
^ Bodenpflanze f 

bodenstet a 

Bodenvergiftung f 

bodenvag a 
' Bodenwurzel f 

Bogenblatt n 

bogenläufig a 

bogennervig a 



Bohrklette f 

Bohne f 
Bohnenkraut n 

Bordelaiser Brühe f 
ßoretschgewächse n pl 
Borke f 

Borkenschuppe f 
Borste f 
borstcnförmig a 



nectar guide 

root pressure 

pressure sap 

exudation water 

bloodroot, Tormentüla erecta^ 
Sanguinaria canadensis 

Trigonella sp. 

soil, ground 

soil exhaustion 

preferring certain soils 

soil sterilization 

soil heating 

tumble weed 

soil thickness 

terrestrial plant 

preferring certain soils 

soil poisoning 

occurring on all sorts of soils 

root 

convex leaf 

camptodromous 

feather-veined leaf with acro- 
dromous and camptodro- 
mous course of secondary 
veins 

seed which buries itself in the 
ground 

bean 

summer savory, Satureja hor- 
tensis 

bordeaux mixture 

Boraginaceae 

bark, scales or strips of cortex 
and phloem 

abstricted fragment of cortex 

bristle 

setiform 



32 



Borstengras n 
Borstenhaar n 
Brache f 
Brachsenkraut n 
Bracteenform des Schauap- 
parates f 
Brand m 

Brandfäule f 
Braunheil m 
•Braunkette f 
Braunschuppenkraut n 
Braunwurzgewächse n pl 
breiig a 
Brennblatt n 
Brennborste f 
Brennhaar n 
Bretterwurzel f 
Brombeere f 
Bruch m 
Bruchast m 

Bruchfrucht f 
Bruchknospe f 



Bruchspross m 
Bruchstämmchen ri 
— brüderig 
Brunnenkresse f 
Brutbecher m 
Brutblatt n 

Brutkelch m 
Brutknolle f 



Brutknospe f 



N ardus sp. 

seta 

fallow 

quillwort, Isoeies sp. 

pseudoperianth formed by col- 
ored bracts 

smut, decay of wood resulting 
from large wounds 

brown rot 

self heal, Prunella vulgaris 

medullary spot, pith fleck 

cancer root, Orobanche sp. 

Scrophulariaceae 

pulpy 

leaf with stinging hairs 

stinging bristle 

stinging hair 

buttress root 

blackberry 

swamp, brake 

brittle lateral branch for veg- 
etative reproduction 

loculicidal fruit 

brittle branch breaking off 
below terminal bud to form 
a new plant 

brittle branch 

brittle stem 

— adelphous 

water cress 

gemma cup 

leaf abscissed for vegetative 
reproduction 

sterile perianth 

tuberlike prothallium (of Ano- 
gramme) 

brood bud 



33 



Brutkorn n 
Brutkörper m 
Brutorgan n 
Brutschüppchen 
Brutspross m 
Brutvorkeim m 
Brutwurzelknöllchen n 

Brutzelle f 
Brutzwiebel f 
Buche f 

*Buchengewächse n pl 
Buchse f 
Bucht f 
Buchweizen m 
buntblätterig a 
Burzelkrautgewächse n pl 
Büschel n 
büschelförmig a 



gemma 
brood body 
brood organ 
brood scale 
brood shoot 
secondary protonema 
tuber for vegetative repro- 
duction 
brood cell 
brood bulb 
beech, Fagus sp. 
Fagaceae 
pyxidium 
bay 

buckwheat, Fagopyrum sp. 
variegated 
Portulacaceae 
fascicle 
tasseled 



C 



German words of Latin or Greek derivation beginning with 
Ca, Co, or Cu, if not found here, should be looked for under 
the letter K. 



Carinalhöhle f 
carpelbürtig a 
Carpelträger m 
carposporangisch a 
Carposporium n 
Casparischer dunkler 

Strich m 
Casparischer dunkler 

Punkt m 
Cellulosebalken m 

Celluloseschlauch m 



carinal canal 

of foliar origin 

carpophore " 

endogenous 

hyphal envelope of spores 

Casparian strip 

radial dot 

strand, beam or bar of cel- 
lulose 

innermost layer of wall of 
corkcell 



34 



Centralhöhle f 
Centralkörner n pl 
Centralkörper m 

Centralplajcente f 
Centralspalte f 

Centralstrang m 
centralwinkelstandige Pla- 

cente f 
centrifugaler Blütenstand m 
centripetaler Blütenstand m 
Charakterzellen f pl 
Chromatinkem m 
Chromosomanordnung f 
Chromosomgestalt f 
Chromosomgrösse f 
Chromosommasse f 
Chromosompaarung f 
Chromosomverklumpung f 

Chromosomverschmelzung f 
Ciströschengewächse n pl 
commissuraler Griffel m 



Commissuralfurche f 
Conchidien pl 



Conidienabschnürung f 
Conidienkette f 
Conidienköpfchen n 
Conidienlager n 
Conidiensprossung f 
Conidienstand m 
Conidienträger m 



carinal canal, central cavity 
centrochondria 
pseudo-nucleus (of Schizo- 

phyceae) 
free ^central placenta 
peg or ridge in antichamber of 

stomate 
axial strand 
axial placenta 

botryose inflorescence 

cymose inflorescence 

pointer cells (in leaf of moss) 

simple nucleus 

arrangement of chromosomes 

general shape of chromosomes 

size of chromosomes 

mass of chromosomes 

pairing of chromosomes 

clumping together of chromo- 
somes 

fusion of chromosomes 

Cistaceae 

style showing, by a commis- 
sure, evidence of fusion of 
carpels 

commissural groove 

basal leaves, appresscd to 
substratum which soon die 
and produce humus 

abjection of conidia 

conidial chain 

conidial head 

conidial field, sorus, pustule 

budding of conidia 

conidial field 

conidiophore 



35 



consociiert a 
Constitutialkampf m 
continuierlichc Spirale f 
Contractionswurzel f 

contrahierendes Leitbündel n 



Copulationsfortsatz m 
• Copulationsschlauch m 
Copulieren n 
corollinisch a 
Cotyledonarknospe f 
Cribralpriman m 
Cribralparenchym n 
Cribralteil m 
Cribrovasalstrang m 
Culturfliichtliiig m 
Ciiticularkrönchen n 
Cuticularleiste f 
Cuticularnaht f 
Cuticuhirperle f 
Cuticulîirschicht* 
Ciiticularwall m 
Cuticularzaj)fon ni 
Cylindcrepithel n 



dachig a 
dachziegclartig a 
Dammcrdc f 
Dampfspannung f 
Dattelpalme f 
Dattoli)flaumo f 
Daucrcoiiidiiim n 
Dauercvst m 



D 



congenital, gamophyllous 

struggle against environment 

continuous spiral • 

young root which draws seed- 
ling into the soil 

reduced vascular bundle 
(especially of submerged 
plants) 

conjugation papilla 

fertilization tube 

whip grafting, conjugation 

petaloid 

cotyledonary bud 

element of protophloem 

phloem parenchyma 

phloem 

fibrovascular bundle 

escape 

cuticular crown 

cuticular ridge 

cuticular suture 

cuticular bead 

cuticular layer 

rampart of cuticle 

cuticular peg 

palisade layer of cells lining 
the scutellum 



imbricate 

imbricate 

humus 

vapeur pressure 

date palm 

l)crsimmon 

resting conidium 

resting cyst 



on 



Dauer-Ei n 
Dauerform f 
' Dauergewächs n 
Dauergewebe n 
Dauermycel n 
Dauerpflanze f 

Dauerschwärmer m 
Dauerspross m 
Dauerstaude f 
Dauerstrang m 
Dauerzeichen n 
Dauerzelle f 
decidierter Typus m 

Deckblatt n 

Deckblattchen n 
Deckel m 
Deckelkapsel f 
Deckelzelle f 

deckige Knospendeckung f 
Deckhaar n 
Deckrand m 
Deckschuppe f 
Deckspelz m 
Deckzotte f 
Dehnspross m 
derbwandig a 
dichopodiale Sprossverket- 
tung f 
dichotrophe Pflanze f 
Dichtheit f 

Dickblatt n 
Dickblattgewächse n pl 
Dickenwachstum n 



resting zygote 

permanent form 

perennial 

permanent tissue 

rhizomorph 

plant which blossoms and 

fruits several times 
quiescent swarmspore 
resting shoot 
perennial herb 
rhizomorph 
symbol 
resting cell 
hybrid resembling one parent 

more than the other 
bract of an inflorescence or of 

a single flower 
bracteole 
operculum 
pyxidium 
lidcell 

imbricate aestivation 
appressed silky hair 
false indusium 
scale 
lemma 
shaggy hair 
etiolated shoot 
thick- walled 
dichotomy 

heterotrophic plant 

density, closeness (of grain in 

wood) 
succulent leaf 
Crassulaceae 
growth in thickness 



37 



différentielle Teilung f 
Digestionsdrüse f 
dipleurisch a 
Dipterenblume f 
Discusdrüse f 
Discuslappen m 
Discusschuppe f 
Distelblatt n 
Dolde f 

Doldenblütler m pi 
Doldenerbse f 

Doldengewächse n pi 
Doldenrispe f 
Doldenschraubel f 



Doldentraube f 
Doldenwickel m 



Doppelbalg m 
Doppelbeere f 
Doppelbestäubung f 

Doppelwickel m 

Dorn m 

Drehung f * 

Drehwuchs m 
drcischncidig reitende Knos- 

penlagc f 
dreistufig a 
dreizählig a 
droizeilig a 



qualitative division 

digestive gland 

two-layered 

dipterous flower 

receptacle gland 

glandular lobe of receptacle 

scale-like gland of receptable 

prickly leaf 

umbel 

Umbelliferae 

Pisum sativum var. umhella- 
tum 

Umbelliferae 

umbel-like panicle 

umbel-like monochasial cyme 
with the lateral axis trans- 
verse to the main axis and 
always at the same side 

umbel-like raceme, corymb 

umbel-like monochasial cyme 
with the lateral axis trans- 
verse to the main axis and 
always on alternate sides 

bifoUicle 

double berry 

simultaneous pollination with 
two kinds of pollen 

dicyme passing into a mono- 
chasial cyme 

thorn, spine 

torsion 

tortuous growth, spiral grain 

Carex type of vernation 

tricaulate 
tcrnate 
tri seriate 



38 



Druck m 
Druckfestigkeit f 

Druckspannung f 
Drüse f 
Druse f 
Drüsenblatt n 
Drüsendeckel m 



Drüsenfläche f 
Drüsenfleck m 
Drüsenhaar n 
Drüsenraum m 
Drüsenscheibe f 
Drüsenschuppe f 
Drüsenzotte f 
drüsiger Blattzahn m 
Dünenpflanze f 
Dunkelstarre f 
durchforsten v 
Durchlassstelle f 
Durchlassstreifen m 
Durchschnittszuwachs m 
Durchwachsung f 



Ebenholz n 

Ebenholzgewächse n pl 
Ebenstïauss m 
Eberesche f 
echte Kreuzung f 
echter Nährstoff m 

echter Pilz m 

echte Zwangsbcstiii\bung f 

Eckencollenchym n 



pressure 

power of resisting compres- 
sion 

turgor 

gland 

druse 

glandular leaf 

the cells closing a gland or 
surrounding the opening 
thereof 

glandular surface 

glandular spot 

glandular hair 

glandular cavity 

glandular disk 

glandular scale 

glandular shaggy hair 

glandular leaf tooth 

dune plant 

rigor as a result of darkness 

to thin 

transfusion cell 

transfusion cell or area 

mean increment 

penetration 



"E 



ebony 

Ebenaceae 

corvmb 

Sorhus terminalis 

gnesiogamy 

essential element (found in 

plants) 
Eumycetc 
archicleistogamy 
corner coUenchvma 



39 



Eckholz n 
Edelauge n 
Edelkastanie f 
Edelreis n 
Edeltanne f 
Edelweiss n 

Ehrenpreis m 

Ei n 

Eiapparat m 

Eibe f 

Eiche f 
•Eichel f 
>-eichelförmig a 

Eichelfrucht f 

Eichen n 

Eierfrucht f 

eiförmig a 

Eigengestaltung f 

Eigenrichtung f 

Eikern m 

Ei knospe f 

Eikugel f 

Eimund m 

einachsig a 

einartige Kreuzung f 

eingebettet a 

eingcbrgen a 

cingefaltete Knospenlage f 

eingekriimmt a 

eingerollte Kncsponlage f 

eingeschlagen a 

eingeschlechtig a 

eingestülpt a 

einhäusig a 

einjährig a 

einkernig n 



squared timber 

bud (used for grafting) 

chestnut, Castanea sp. 

scion 

Abies Picea 

edelweiss, Gnaphalium leonto- 

podium 
speedwell, Veronica sp. 

egg 

egg apparatus 

yew 

oak 

acorn 

acorn-shaped, glandiform 

glans, acorn 

little egg, ovule 

eggplant 

ovoid 

automorphosis 

autotropism 

egg nucleus 

oogonium {Chara) 

oosphère 

micropyle 

haplocaulic 

xenogamy 

embedded 

crenate 

plicate vernation 

incurved 

involute vernation 

induplicate 

unisexual 

incurved 

monoecious 

annual 

uninucleate 



40 



Einlagerung f 
' einsamenlappig a 
Einsatz der Blüte a 
einseitiger Bastard m 

N einseitiger Hof tüpfel m 
einspitzen v 
einstufig a 

Eintagsblüte f 



einweibig a 
Einzelbestand m 



eirund a 

Eisenkrautgewächse n pl 
Eisenvitriol n 
Eisodialleiste f 



Eisodialöffnung f 
Eiweiss n 
Êiweiss-organismus m 

Eiweissschlauch m 
Eizelle f 
Ekelblume f 
Elaterenträger m 
Embryokügelchen n 
Embryosackmutterzelle f 

Embryoträger m 
Empfängnisfaden m 
Empfängnisfleck m 
Empfindlichkeit f 



infiltration 

monocotyledonous 

insertion of flower 

a hybrid which has the char- 
acteristics of oVily one parent 

half-bordered pit 

to insert 

haplocaulic (bearing sex or- 
gans on the main axis) 

flower which opens and closes 
the same day, or flower 
which opens only once 

monogynous 

the flora of a certain locality 
of a uniform physiological 
character 

oval 

Verbenaceac 

hydrous ferrous sulphate 

anterior ridge (on inner sur- 
face of guard cells of sto- 
mate) 

anterior opening (of stomate) 

protein, albumen 

bacterium which needs pro- 
tein in the nutrient medium 

myrosin container 

egg, oospore (of fungi) 

dipterous flower 

elaterophore 

globular proembryo 

megaspore, embryosac 
mother-cell 

suspensor 

trichogyne 

receptive spot 

susceptibility 



41 



Empfindung f 
Endknospe f 
Endoderm-Hypoderm f 
endständig a ^ 
Energieumsatz m 
Enkelkern m 
entästen v 
entblättern v 
Entleerungsapparat m 
entrinden v 
entwässern v 
Entwicklungsänderung f 
Entwicklungsgang m 
Entwicklungsgeschichte f 
Entwicklungshemmung f 
Entwicklungsperiode f 
entwurzeln v 
Enzian m 

Enziangewächse n pl 
Epheu m or n 
Erbanlage f 
Erbeinheit f 
Erblichkeit f 
Erbse f 

Erbsenbaum m 
Erbzahl f 
Erdapfel m 
Erdbeere f 
Erdbirne f 

Erdholz n 
Erdkrume f 
Erdnuss f 
Erdstamm n 
Erdstaude f 

Erdstern m 



perception 

terminal bud 

intercutis 

terminal, apical 

energy transformation 

granddaughter nucleus 

to lop, to trim 

to defoliate 

gland 

to bark, to peel 

to drain 

change in development 

ontogeny 

developmental history 

inhibition in development 

growing period 

to up-root 

gentian 

Gentianaceae 

ivy 

hereditary factor 

hereditary unit, gene 

heredity 

pea 

Siberian acacia 

number of parental types 

potato, 'cyclamen, truffle 

strawberry 

Jerusalem artichoke, Heliari' 

thus tuber osus 
semi-shrub 
mold, black earth 
peanut 

prostrate stem 
the lower aerial portion of a 

perennial 
geaster 



42 



* Erdwurzel f 
Erhaltungsspross m 



Erle f 

Ernährungspross m 
Ernährungssubstanz f 

Ersatzfaser f 
Ersatzfaserzelle f 
Ersatzgipfel m 
Erschütterungsreiz m 
Erstarkung f 
Erstarrungspunkt m 
Erstlingsblatt n 
Ertragsfähigkeit f 
Ertragsvermögen n 
erzwungen a 
Esche f 
Esparsette f 
Espe f 
Essigsäure f 
lEtagencambium n 

' Etagenwuchs m 
Excretbehälter m 



root 

essential shoot (the shoot in 
direct line from the germ- 
axis to the flower) 

alder 

innovation shoot 

trophoplasm, nutritive ma- 
terial 

substitute fiber 

substitute fiber 

substitute tree top 

contact stimulus, scismonasty 

primary growth in thickness 

point at which rigor sets in 

primary leaf 

productivity 

yielding power 

induced 

ash, Fraxinus sp. 

Onohrychis sp. 

aspen, Populus sp. 

acetic acid 

cambium with a single initial 
layer 

growth in tiers 

excretion container 



Fächel m 
Fach n 
fächerig a 
Fächerstrahl m 
fachspaltig a 
Fackelbaum m 
Fackeldiestelgewächse n pi 
Fädchensubstanz f 
Faden m 



rhipidium 

loculus 

loculatc 

segment of labclliform leaf 

loculicidal 

marsh elder 

Carbaceae 

filar substance 

linin, thread, filament 



43 



Fadenflechte f 
fadenförmig a 
Fadenkeimung f 
Fadenpilz m 
Fadenplasma n 
Fadenplasmodium n 
Fadenranke f 
Fadenscheide f 
Fahne f 
Fallfrucht f 
Fällungsvermögcn n 
falscher Kern m 
falscher Splint m 
Faltenschwamm m 
Falterblumen f pl 
Faltung der Blätter i- 
Familienforscîhung f 
Fangbaum m 
Fangborste f 
Fanghaar n 
Fangpflanze f 
Farbabänderung f 
Farbholz n 

farblos a 
Farn m 

Farnbkittaderung f 
Farnkraut n 
Faser f 
faserartig a 
Faserbaum m 

Faserborke f 

Fasergrübchen n 

Fasertraclu'ide f 



filamentous liehen 

filamentous 

germination by a germtube 

Eumycete 

filar substance 

filamentous Plasmodium 

axial branch, tendril 

sheath enclosing swarmspore 

standard 

deciduous fruit, windfall 

ability to cause precipitation 

false heartwood 

false sapwood 

îlelvella cris])a 

Psychophilae 

vernation 

genealogical histoT-y 

trap tree 

])rehensile bristle 

glandular hair, tentacle 

trap plant 

change of c:)l()r 

colorwood (between si)lint 

and heart) 
achromatic 
fern 

fernfrond venation 
fern 
fiber 

fibrous, grained 
Rhauntuii Fidngula, Prunus 

bark consisting largely of 
fibers 

sterile scai)hidium, crypto- 
stomate 

fiber tracheid 



44 



Faserwurzel f 
Faulkern m 
Fäulnisbewohner m 
Federchen n 
Federgras n 
Federharz n 
Federkelch m 
Federkraft f 
Fegeapparat m 
Fegehaar n 
Feigbohne f 
Feige f 

Feigenfrucht f 
Feigwurz f 
feinfaserig a 
Feinheit f 
Feldbeifuss m 

Felderung f 
Feldrüster f 

Felsenkirsche f 
Fettbaum m 
Fettbildner m 
Fetthenne f 
Fettpflanze f 
Fettplatte f 

fibröse Schicht der Anthère f 
Fibrovasalbündel n 
Fibrovasalstrang m 
Fichte f 
fiederförmig a 
Fiederpalme f 
fiederspaltig a 
Filarmasse f 
Filz m 



fibrous root 

heartrot 

saprophyte 

plumule 

feather grass, Stipa pinnata 

india rubber 

pappus 

elasticity 

stylar brush 

stylar hair 

lupine 

fig 

syconium, fig-fruit 

Ficaria sp. 

fine-grained 

closeness (of grain in wood) 

wormwood, Artemisia campes- 

tris 
division into areas 
English elm, Ulmus campes- 

tris 
Prunus mahaleb 
fat-tree 
elaioplast 

stonecrop, Sedum telephium 
succulent plant 
plastid (in protoplasm of the 

Peridineae) 
endothecium 
fibrovascular bundle 
fibrovascular strand 
spruce, Picea sp. 
pinnate 

palm with pinnatifid leaves 
pinnate 

filar protoplasm 
tomentum 



45 



Filzalge f 



Filzgewebe n 
Filzhaar n 
filzig a 

filzig verflochten a 
fingerförmig a 
fingerig a 
Fingerhut m 
Fingerkraut n 
Fioringras n 
Fischölseife f 
Fixiermittel n 
flacharmig a 

Flachblatt n 
flache Knospenlage f 
Fläche f 

flächenstiändigc Samenan- 
lage f 
Flächenstellung f 
Flachspross m 
Flachsprossgewächs n 
Flachsseide f 
Flachwunde f 
flachwurzclig.a 
flaschenförmig a 
flaumhaarig a 
Flechte f 

Flodermausblütler m 
Flcischhaut f 
fleischig a 
flcischwarzig a 
Flieder m 
Fliegenblumo f 



simple or branched algal 
growth attached to a sub- 
stratum 

fungus tissue 

felted or woolly hair 

tomentose 

felted 

digitate 

digitate 

foxglove, Digitalis sp. 

Potentilla sp. 

bent grass Agrostis sp. 

fish-oil soap 

fixative 

flat armed (cells of spongy 
parenchyma) 

flat leaf 

straight vernation 

facet, area 

parietal placenta 

epistrophy 
cladode, phylloclad 
phylloclad 

dodder, Cuscuta epilinum 
surface wound 
shallow rooted 
lageniform, flask-shaped 
pubescent 
lichen 

flower pollinated by bats 
sarcocarp 
carnose, fleshy 
papillose 
lilac, Si/Hnga sp. 
flower pollinated by dipterous 
insects 



46 



Flimmerbewegting f 
riimmergeissel f 
Flockenblume f 
Florenreich n 
Flugbrand m 
Flügel m 
Flügelfrucht f 
Flugfrüchtler m 
Flügelrand m 
Fluggewebe n 

Flugorgan n 

flutendes Moos n 
Föhre f 
Folgeblatt n 
Folgemeristem n 
Fonngattung f 
Formationsglied n 
Formationsgruppe 
Fonnationsklasse f 
formativer Stoff m 
formatives Cytoplasma n 



formatives Wachstum n 
Formelement n 
Formveränderung f 
Fortleitung f 
Fortpflanzung f 
, Fortsätze, m pl 



freibeweglich a 
Fremdbestäubung f 
Frischgewicht n 
Froschbiss m 



vibrating movement 

fimbricate cilia 

star thistle, Centaureascàbiosa 

flora 

loose smut 

wing, ala 

samara 

plant producing winged seeds 

edge of vagina (Isoëtes) 

tissue for aiding in wind dis- 
semination 

organ for aiding in wind dis- 
semination 

submerged moss 

pine, fir 

metaphyll 

secondary meristem 

form species 

subtype, association 

formation (e.g. meadow) 

vegetation type 

building material 

kinoplasm, cytoplasm giving 
rise to spindle in cell divi- 
sion 

morphogenic growth 

structural element 

modification 

propagation 

reproduction 

the processes between the 
teeth of the peristome of 
mosses 

motile 

allogamy 

green weight, fresh weight 

frog's bit, Ilydrocharis sp. 



47 



Froschlöffel m 

Frostblase f 
Frucht f 
fruchtbar a 
Fruchtbecher m 
Fruchtbehälter m 
Fruchtblatt n 
Fruchtboden m 
Fruchtbrand m 
Früchtchen n 
Fruchtfach n 
Fruchthäufchen n 
Fruchthaut f 
Fruchthülle f 
Fruchthypha f 
Fruchtkapsel f 
Fruchtkätzchen n 
Fruchtkelch m 
Fruchtklappe f 
Fruchtknöllchen n 

Fruchtknopf m 
Fruchtknoten m 
Fruchtkörper m 
Fruchtkörperanlage f 



Fruchtlager n 
Fruchtsäulchen n 
Fruchtschale f 
Fruchtscheibe f 
Fruchtschnabel pi 
Fruchtschuppe f 
Fruchtschwanz m 
Fruchtstand m 
Fruchtstiel m 



water plantain, Alisma plan- 
tago 

frost blister 

fruit 

fertile 

cupule 

conceptacle 

carpel, macrosporophyll 

receptacle 

head-smut 

single part of apocarpous fruit 

Icculc 

sorus 

pericarp 

receptacle of Bryophytes 

paraphysis 

sporocarp 

catkin 

calyx (Bryophytes) 

valve (Bryophytes) 

archcgoniophore (of Ano- 
gramme) 

venter of archegonium 

ovary 

fruit body 

young fructification, priraor- 
dium of fruit body, recep- 
tacle 

hymeniuni 

columella 

pericarp 

hymenium 

beak 

cone scale 

Cauda 

fructification 

seta of moss, pedicel 



48 



Fruchtträger m 
Fruchtungskern m 

Fruchtungsvermögen n 
Fruchtwand f 
Fruchtwechsel m 
Frühholz n 
Frûhlingsholz n 
Frühlingskreuzkraut n 
Frühtreiberei f 
Fuchsschwanz m 
Fuchsschwanzgewächse n pl 
Fuchsschwanzgräser n pl 
Fugenfläche f 
Fühlborste f 
Fühlhaar n 
Fühlpapilla f 
Fühltüpfel m 
Füllgewebe n 
Füllgewebe der Lenticelle n 

Füllung der Blüte f 

Füllung der Träger f 
Füllzelle f 
fussförmig a 
fussnervig a 
Fussstock m 
Futterbohne f 
Futtergewächs n 
Futterhaar n 
Futterrübe f 



sporophore of fungi 

fertilized egg, syncarpium. 

^ fusion nucleus 

fertility 

pericarp 

crop rotation 

spring wood 

spring wood 

groundsel, Senecio vernalis 

forcing 

foxtail grass, Alopecurus sp. 

Amaranthaceae 

Alopecuroidae 

commissure 

tactile bristle 

tactile hair 

tactile papilla 

tactile pit 

plerome 

complementary tissue of len- 

ticel, chloriphelloid 
increase in the showy part of 

a flower 
filling between the girdles 
complementary cell 
pedate 

pedately veined 
basal portion of foot of hair 
horse bean 
forage plant 
feeding hair (in orchids) 
turnip 



Gabel f 

Gabelbasidium n 
gabelförmig a 



fork, dichotomous tendril 
forking basidium 
forked, dichotomous 



49 



'j abelhaar n 
Gabelung f 
Gabelzotte f 
Gagelgewächse n pi 
Gallenblüte f 
Gallenholz n 
Gallenrinde f 
gallertartig a 
Gallertflechte f 
Gallerthülle f 
Gallertsäure f 
Gallertspore f 
Gallerstiel n 
Gallussäure f 
Gänseblume f 
* Gänsedistel f 
Gänsefuss m 
Gänsefussgewächse n pi 
Ganzholz n 
ganzrandig a 
Ganzschmarotzer m 
Gartenbau m 

Gartcndistel f 
(lartenkerbel m 
Gartenkresse f 

Gärung f 

Gasentbindungsflasche f 
Gattung f 
Gattungsbastard m 
Gauchheil n 

Gaumen m 

geädert a 

Geäst n 

gebirgsk ammähnlich a 



branching hair 

dichotomy, forking 

shaggy forking hair 

Myricaceae 

gall flower 

gall in wood 

epidermis of gall 

gelatinous 

gelatinous lichen 

gelatinous sheath 

pectic acid 

gelatinous spore 

gelatinous stalk (diatoms) 

gallic acid 

daisy 

sow thistle, Sonchus sp. 

pigweed, Chenopodium album 

Chenopodiaceae 

round timber 

entire-margined 

holo-parasite 

horticulture, landscape gar- 
dening 

artichoke, Cynara'sp. 

chervil, Anthiiscus cerefolium 

pepper grass, Lepidiutn sati- 
vum 

fermentation 

gas generator 

genus 

genus hybrid 

Anagallis arvensis, Pruiiella 
vulgaris 

palate 

veined 

branches 

serrate 



50 



gebuckelt a 

Gebüsch n 

gedrängt a 

gedrängter Rasenbildner m 

gedreht a 
gedreit (Blatt) a 
gefächerter Fruchtknoten m 
gefaltete Knospenlage f 
Gefässbau m 
Gefässbündel n 
Gefässbündelscheide f 
Gefässbündelverlauf m 
Gsfässglied n 
Gefässpflanze f 
Gefässteil m 
gefiedert a 
gefingert a 
geflammt a 
geflammter Holzkörper m 



Geflecht n 
gefranzt a 
Gefrierpunkt m 
Gefrierpunktserniedrigung f 
Gefüge n 
gefüjlte Blüte f 
gefurcht a 
Gegenfärbung f 
Gegenfüsslerin f 
gegenläufig a 
gegenständig a 
gegittert a 
gegliedert a 
gegürtelt a 
gehäuft a 



umbonate 

shrubbery, brush 

crowded 

plants growing in dense non- 
spreading clumps 

contorted 

trifoliate 

chambered ovary 

plicate vernation 

vascular structure 

vascular bundle 

bundlesheath 

course of vascular bundles 

individual cell of a vessel 

vascular plant 

hadrome 

pinnate 

digitate 

mottled 

the watered, rippled or flame- 
like grouping of wood ele- 
ments 

plexus 

fimbriated, fringed 

freezing point 

lowering of freezing point 

texture 

double flower 

sulcate 

contrast staining 

antipode 

anatropous 

opposite 

cancellate, latticed 

articulate 

zonate 

aggregate 



51 



I Gehäuse n 

Gehilfin f 
^ Gehölz n 

geigenförmig a 

Geilstelle f 

Geissblatt n 

Geissblattgewächse n pi 

Geissei f 

Geisselbüschel n 

Geissfusspfropfen n 

Geissraute f 

gekerbt a 

geknickt a 

gekoppeltes Merkmal n 

gekreuzt a 

gekrümmt a 

gelappt a 

Gelbklee m 

Gelbkraut n 

Gelbsprenkelung f 

Geleitzelle f 

gelenkig a 

Gelenkknoten m 

Gelenkpolster n 

Gelenkstreifen m 

Gelenkzelle f 

gemein] ährig a 

gemischt a 

gemischte Knospe f 

Gemüse n 

genabelt a 

Generationswechsel m 

genetische Spirale f 
Genossenschaft f 
geradläufig a 
gerandet a 



perithecium 

synergid 

wood, woodland 

panduriform 

area of rank growth 

honeysuckle, Lonicera sp. 

Caprifoliaceae 

cilium 

cluster of cilia 

cleft grafting 

Galega officinalis 

crenate 

geniculate 

linked character 

decussate 

campylotropous 

lobed 

alsike clover 

Reseda Luteola 

aurigo 

companion cell 

articulate 

joint-like node 

pulvinus 

hinge cell (in grass leaf) 

hinge cell 

mean-annual 

diffused, mixed , 

mixed bud 

vegetable 

umbilicate 

alternation of generations, 

pleomorphy 
ground spiral 
écologie group 
orthotropous 
emarginate 



52 



Gerberstrauchgewächse n pl 
Gerbsäure f 
Gerbstoflfbehälter m 
Gerbstoflfschlauch m 
Gerbstoflfzelle f 
geringelt a 
gerinnelt a 
gerippt a 
Germer m 

Gerste f 

Gerstenflugbrand m 
Gerüst n 
Gerüsttheorie f 
gesägt a 
Gesamtendoderm f 

geschichtet a 
geschindelte Knospende 

deckurig f 
geschlängelt a 
Geschlechterspaltung f 
Geschlechterumschlag m 

geschlechtliche Fortpflan- • 

zung f 
geschlechtsbegrcnzt a 
Geschlechtsumschlag m 

geschlossen a 

geschlossenes Gefässbündel n 
geschlossenes Polster n 
Geschwisterkreuzung f 
gesellige Pflanze f 
gespalten a 
gespreiztarmig a 



Coriariaceae 

tannic acid 

tannin sac 

tannin sac 

tannin cell 

annular 

canaliculate 

costate 

false hellebore, Veratrum al- 
bum 

barley 

covered smut of barley 

reticulum 

reticular theory 

serrate 

endoderm surrounding entire 
stele 

stratified 

imbricate aestivation 

tortuous 

separation of sex 
alternation of sex among uni- 
sexual plants 
sexual reproduction 

sex-linked 

alternation of sex among uni- 
sexual plants 

crowded, dense 

closed bundle 

dense cushion 

adelphogamy, sib-mating 

gregarious plant 

fissile 

spreading (spongy paren- 
chyma cells) 



.53 



gesprenkelt a 
Gestaltung f 
gestauchter Kurztrieb m 
Gesteinaufschliessung f 



Gesteinpflanze f 
gestielt a 
Gesträuch n 
gestreift a 
gestrichelt a 
Gestrüpp n 
geteilt a 

Getrenntgeschlechtigkeit f 
Getreidebrand m 
Getreiderost m 
getrenntläufiges Gefäss- 

bündel n 
getropft a 
getüpfelt a 
Gewächshaus n 
Gewächskunde f 
Gewebe n 
Gewebelehre f 
Gewebespannung f 
Gewebeverband m 
Gewohnheitsrasse f 
gewunden a 
gewürfelt a 
gezähnt a 
Gezweige n 
Giesskannenschimmel m 



Giftlattich m 
Ginster m 
Gipfel m 



adspersed 

formation 

short shoot 

the rendering available of 
rock material for plant 
growth 

plant growing on rocks 

pedunculate, stipitate 

shrubbery, bushes 

striate 

linear 

bushes, tangled growth 

parted 

dicliny 

cereal smut 

cereal rust 

bundle running separately 
without fusion with others 

guttäte 

pitted, punctate 

greenhouse 

botany 

tissue 

histology 

tissue tension 

tissue 

biologic species 

contorted 

tasselate 

denticulate, dentate 

aggregate of branches 

fungus with conidia in chains 
on short conidiophores ra- 
diating from a swollen head 

Lactuca virosa 

Genista sp. 

summit, treetop, apex 



54 



Gipfelblüte f 
Gipfeldürre f 

gipfelförmig a 
Gipfelholz n 
Gipfeltrieb m 
gitterförmig a 
Gittertüpfel m 
Glanzgras n 
glasartig a 
glasig a 
glatt a 

gleichfarbig a 
Gleitbewegung f 
gleitendes Wachstum n 
Gliederfrucht f 
Gliederhaar n 
Gliederhülse f 
Gliederschote f 
Gliederzelle f 
Glockenblume f 
Glockenblumengewächse n pl 
Gnadenkraut n 
Goldhafer m 
Goldregen m 
Goldrute f 
Götterbaura m 

Granatapfelgewächse n pl 
Granne f 

Grasblattpolster n 
Grasebene f 
Gräser n pl 
Grasflur f 
Grasfrucht f 
Grasheide f 
Grasmoor n 



terminal flower 

dying of treetops, stagheaded- 

ness 
fastigiate 

top branches or twigs 
leader 

retiform, trellised 
closely crowded pits 
canary grass, Phalaris sp. 
vitreous 
hyaline 

glabrous, smooth 
concolor 
sliding motion 
gliding growth 
loment 

articulate hair 
loment 
biloment 
articulate cell 
bellflower, Campanula sp. 
Campanulaceae 
hedge hyssop, Graiiola sp. 
Avena ßavescens 
broom, Cyiisus laburnum 
goldenrod, Solidago sp. 
tree of heaven, Ailanthus 

glamlulosa 
Punicaceae 
awn 
node 
savanna 
Gramineae 
mountain park 
caryopsis 
prairie 
lowland meadow 



55 



Grasnarbe f 
Grassteppe f 
Graswurzel f 
Grenzhautchen n 

Grenzkoncentration f 
Grenzschicht der Samenan- 
lage f 
Grenzzelle f 
Griff m 
Griffel m 
Griffelbürste f 
Griffelkanal m 
Griffelpolster n 
Griffelsäule f 
Griffelzelle f 
Griffzelle f 
Grinde f 
grobfaserig a 
grossgrübig a 
Grossspore f 
Grübchen n 
Grube f 
Grünästung f 
Grünblütigkeit f 
Grundachse f 
Grundeigenschaft f 
Grundfeste f 
Grundfeuchtigkeit f 
Grundform f 

Grundgewebe n 
Grundmeristem n 
Grundprotoplasm n 

Grundquadrat n 
Grundspirale f 



turf 

prairie, savanna 

quack grass, Agropyron repens 

tertiary lamella, inner layer of 
cell wall 

threshold concentration 

innermost cell layer of nucel- 
lus (of sympetalous dicots) 

heterocyst 

adhesive disk 

style 

stylar brush 

conductive tissue of style 

stylopod 

column, style 

manubrium 

external tubular cell (Chara) 

bog 

coarse-grained 

lacunate 

macrospore 

small pit 

fovea 

heading in of green branches 

chloranthy 

rhizome 

fundamental character 

hawk's beard, Crépis vir ens 

soil moisture 

original type, fundamental 
type 

fundamental tissue 

fundamental meristem 

ground substance of proto- 
plasm 

endothecium 

genetic spiral 



56 



grundständig a 
grundständige Placenta f 
Grundwasserspiegel m 
grüner Halbschmarotzer m 
Grünfäule f 
Grünholz n 
Grünlandsmoor n 
Gummifluss m 
Gummiharz n 
Gurke f 
Gürtelschorf m 
Gurtung f 



haarfaserig a 
Haarflieger m 

haarförmig a 
Haargeflecht n 
Haargittern 

Haargrübchen n 
haarig a 
Haarkelch m 
Haarreuse f 
Haarstrang m 
Habichtskraut n 
hadrocentrisches Gefäss- 

bündel n 
Hafer m 
Haferbrand m 
Hafergras n 
Haferwurzel f 
Haftballen m 
Haftblase f 
Haftdolde f 
Haftdruck m 



sessile 

free central placenta 

water table 

semi-parasite 

green rot 

green heart 

fen 

gummosis 

gum-resin 

cucumber 

zonate deep scab 

girdle 



H 



filamentous 

seeds or fruits with hairlike 

flying organs 
piliform 
capillitium 
nectar guide, barrier to pol- 

lenrobbers 
crypto-stomate 
pilose 
pappus 
nectar guide 
Peucedan u m ojjic if tale 
hawk weed 

amphicribral bundle 

oats 

oat smut 

oat grass 

salsify 

adhesive disk 

appressorium 

Turgenia lati folia 

adhesive pressure 



57 



Haftfaser f 
Haftorgan n 
Haftscheibe f 

Haftscheibenranke f 

Haftwurzel f 

Hagebuche f 
Hahnenfuss m 
Hahnenkamm m 
Haidekraut n 
Hainbuche f 
Hakenhaar n 
Hakenkiefer f 
Hakenkletterer m 

Halbbürger m 
Halbfach n 

Halbfäulnisbcwohner m 
Halbflechte f 
Halbfrucht f 



Halbholz n 
Halbkugel f 
Halbschattenholzart f 
Halbschmarotzer m 
Halbspaltpfropfen n 

halbstielrund a 
Halbstrauch m 
halbunterständig a 
halbwalzig a 
Halbwüste f 
Halm m 
Halmfrucht f 



rhizoid 

holdfast, appressorium 

adhesive disk, discoid hold- 
fast, sucker 

tendril terminating in an ad- 
hesive disk 

holdfast, rhizoid, anchoring 
root 

hornbeam, Carpinus sp. 

buttercup. Ranunculus sp. 

Alectorolophus minor 

heather, Calluna sp. 

hornbeam, Carpinus sp. 

hooked hair, barbed hair 

Pinus uncinata 

plant climbing by means of 
modified thorns 

denizen 

broad-leaved palm foliage 

semi-saprophyte 

semi-lichen 

semi-fruit (where axis forms 
part of the fruit) accessory 
fruit 

tree trunk split lengthwise 

hemisphere 

semi-shade tree 

semi-parasite 

cleft grafting with split down 
one side 

semi-terete 

undershrub 

semi-inferous 

semi-cylindrical 

semi-desert 

culm, haulm 

cereal 



58 



8 



Halmknoten m 

Hals m 

Halskanalzelle f 

Halszelle f 

bandförmig a 

Handhabe f 

handnervig a 

Hanf m 

Hangeblüt ige (Pflanzen) f pl 

hangend a 

hanteiförmig a 

Harnstoff m 

Hartbast m 



Hartlaubgehölz n 
Hartriegel m 
Hartriegelgewächse n pl 
Hartschale f 
Hartschicht f 
Harzbehalter m 
Harzbeule f 
Harzdrüse f 
Harzfichte f 
Harzfluss m 
harzig a 
Harzröhre f 
Harzzelle f 
Haselnuss f 
Haselwurz f 

Hasenklee m 
Hasenkohl m 

Haube f 
Hauptachse f 

Haupt achselproduct n 



ujde of grk» 

neck, bedkk 

neck canil c^U. 

neck cell 

palmate 

manubrium 

palmately Teined 

hemp 

Penduliflorae 

pendulous, weeping w.Ilow. 

dumbbell-shaped 

urea 

hard bast, fibers ao«l st^ne 

cells of cortex, phi« »em or 

pericycle 
hardwood trees 
dogwood, Cornus sp. 
Comaceae 
intine of oospore 
stony layer of seed testa 
resin canal 

resin lake, bubble, or cavity 
resin gland 
pitch pine, Pi nun sp. 
resinosis 
resinous 
resin duct 
resin cell or cavity 
filbert, Cor'fl-iA ^p. 
wild ginïçer, A<nrim ^»^ri >- 

trefoil 

wood •ViXTf^\ h.'ijin ir*i*'- 

mam w»« 



Hauptformation f 
Hauptholzart f 
Hauptkeimbahn f 
Hauptnerv m 
Hauptrippe f 
Hauptschnitt m 
Hauptspross m 
Haupttrieb m 
Hauptwurzel f 
Hausschwamm m 
Hautbildungsgewebe n 
Hautdrüse f 

Hautfetzen m 
Hautgelenk n 
Hautgewebe n 
häutig a 
Hautschicht f 
Hautsystem n 
Heckenholz n 
Hefe f 

Hefesprossung f 
Heide f 

HeidekrautgeWiächsc n pl 
Heidelbeere f 

Heissluftbcizc f 
Heisswasserbeize f 
Heidemoor n 
Heidetorf m 
Hcmmungsbildung f 
Ilerbstholz n 
Herbsthiubfall m 
Herbstlöwenzahn m 

Herbstrosc f 
Herbstzeitlose f 



formation 

prevailing species 

principal germtrack 

main vein, midvein 

midrib, primary rib 

median longitudinal cut 

leader 

leading shoot 

tap root, main root 

dry rot fungus 

dermatogen 

integumental gland, epider 

mal gland 
scale ' 
hinge 

dermal tissue 
membranous 
plasma membrane 
dermal tissue 
dwarfed wood 
yeast 

yeast-lite budding 
heather 
Ericaceae 

billberry, blueberry, huckle- 
berry 
hot air treatment 
hot water treatment 
peat bog 
peat 

hypoplasia 
summer-wood 
autunmal leafdrop 
fall dandelion, Leontodon au- 

tumnale 
hollyhock 
meadow saffron. Cole hie v m 

autumnnle 



60 



Herkunft f 
herzförmig a 
Herzwurzel f 
heteroplastische Entwick- 
lung f 
heteroplastische Tjuftknolle f 

heterogene Zeugung f 
heterogenische Befruchtung f 
heterogenische Bestäubung f 
heterogenische Variation f 
Hexenbesen m 
Hexenring m 
Hibernakel m 
Himbeere f 
Himmclsgerste f 
Himmelsleitergewächse n pl 
Himmelsschlüssel m 
hinter-, a 
Hinterhof m 
hintumläufig a 
îliobstrane f 
Hirnfläche f 
hirschgeweihartig a 
Hirse f 

Hirtentäschel n 
Hitzelaubfall m 
Hochblatt n 

hochblattartig a 
Hochblattregion f 
Hochblattstamm m 
Hochkultur f 

Hochmoor n 
Hochstaudenverein m 
Hochwald m 



origme 

cordate 

tap root 

indirect development 

aerial tuber consisting of one 

internode .only 
heterogencsis 
cross fertilization 
cross pollination 
mutation 
witch's broom 
fairy ring 

wintcrbud of water plant 
raspberry, Ruhus sp. 
naked barlev 
Polcmoniaceae 
primrose, Primula sp. 
postical 

inner cavity (of stomate) 
opisthodromous 
Coix lacrjpna 
cross section 
antler-shaped 
Pmdcum sp. 

penny cress, Thlanpi arvcfisifi 
leaf drop due to heat 
hypsophyll, bract, spathc, 

subtending leaf 
bracteal 
bractcal region 
thalamus 
culture of fungus at optimum 

state for taxonomic study 
sphagnum beg, hiph moor 
meadow occupied })y dirots 
forest 



61 



Hochzucht f 
höckerig a 
Hof m 
Hoftüpfel m 
Höhentrieb m 
Hohldruck m 
Hohlschuppe f 
HoUunder m 
Holz n 
Holzader f 
Holzapfel m 
holzartig a 
Holzaschenlauge f 
Holzelement n 
hölzern a 
Holzfaser f 
Holzgewächs n 
Holzkirsche f 
Holzkörper m 
Holzlamella f 
Holzmarkstrahl m 
Holzpflanze f 
Holzpore f 
Holzrose f 
Holzstaude f 

Holzteerbrühe f 
Holzzelle f 

homokline Bestäubung f 
Honigblatt n 
Honigblume f 

Honigdrüse f 
Honiggras n 
Honigkrug m 
Honigtau m 
Hopfen m 



selection inside of a pure line 

tuberculate 

area (Isoetes) 

bordered pit 

annual height increment 

fossil, cast 

äcales in throat of corolla 

elder, Sambucus sp. 

timber, wood, xylem 

vein of wood 

crab apple 

ligneous 

lye 

xylem element 

ligneous 

wood fiber 

woody plant 

wild cherry 

xylem 

lignified lamella 

medullary ray in wood 

woody plant 

vessel 

type of gall, woodrose 

low woody plant with annual 

flowering shoot 
wood-tar 
tracheid 
autogamy 
nectary 
nectar-bearing flowers without 

colored perianth 
nectary 

velvet grass, Holcua lanatus 
honeycup 
honey dew 
hop 



62 



Hopfenbuche f 
Hornendosperm n 
Hornklee m 

Horst m 
Hüllblatt n 

Hüllblättchen n 
hüllblätterig a 
Hüllchen n 
Hülle f 

hüllförmig a 
Hüllfrucht f 
Hüllgewebe n 
Hüllkätzchenträger m 
Hüllkelch m 
Hüllschläuche m pl 

Hüllspelze f 
hüllständig a 
Hülse f 

Hülsenbaum m 
Hülsenfrüchtler m pl 
Hülsengewächs n 
Hülsenkranz m 
Hülsenträger m pl 
Hummelblume f 

Humusanzeiger m 

Humusbewohner m 
Humuszehrer m 
Hundsdolde f ' \ 
Hundsgleisse f / 
Hundskamille f 
Hundsrose f 



hophornbeam, Ostrya sp. 

horny endosperm 

bird's-foot trefoil, Lotus cor- 

niculatus 
small woodlot 
involucral leaf, rosette (in 

mosses) 
involucral leaf 
involucral 
involucrum 
integument, involucre, peri- 

dium 
involucriform 
angiocarp 
periblem 

cupuliferous plant 
involucre, calyculus 
spiral jacket cells (of oogo- 
nium in Chara) 
empty glume 
involucral 
legume 
locust tree 
Leguminosae 
leguminous plant 
involucre of husks 
Leguminosae 
flower pollinated by bumble 

bees 
plant which requires organic 

material in the soil 
plant growing on humus soil 
plant growing on humus 
fool's parsley, Aethusa cyna- 

pium 
chamomile, Anthémis Cotula 
wild brier, dog rose 



63 



Hundswürger m 
Hundszunge f 

Hungerstoffwechsel m 

Hut m 

Hutoberfläche f 
Hutpilz m 

Hydathodenstrom m 
hydrostatischer Druck m 

Hymenialdrüse f 
Hyraenopterenblume f 
Hyphengewebe n 
Hyphenhaut f 
Hyphcnschlauch m 
Hyphensprossung f 
hypothalisches Anhangs- 
organ n 



Cynanchum vincetoxicum 

hounds's tongue, Cynoglossu. 
officinale 

metabolism during starvation 
of plant 

pileus, cap 

surface of pileus 

mushroom 

excretion current 

cell turgor, hydrostatic pres- 
sure 

cystidium 

flower pollinated by bees 

plectenchyma 

membrane of hyphal tissue 

hyphal tube 

hyphal budding 

a form of prothallus 



Igelsamen n 

Ikterus m 

Imbibitionsbewegung f 
Immenfalterblume f 

immergrüner Laubwald m 
Impressionszeit f 
Individualzüchtung f 
indoloidcr Blumenduft m 



Inductionszeit f 



Infectionsfîidcn m 



stickseed, Echinospermum 
Lapfnda 

chlorosis 

imbibition movement 

flower pollinated by bees or 
butterflies 

evergreen angiosperm forest 

presentation time 

individual selection 

flower odor derived from de- 
composition of nitrogenous 
substances • 

latent period of induction, the 
time required to take up a 
stimulus and respond to it 

infection hypha, germtube 



m 



1 nf ectionsschlauch m 
Initiale f 
Initialstrang m 
Initialzelle f 
Inkarnatklee m 

Innengalle f 

Innenhaut f 
Innenrinde f 



innenwendige Samenanlage f 
innere Anpassung f 
innere Atemhöhle f 
innere Ausgestaltung t 
innere Plasmahaut f 
innere Streifung f 

inneres Wachstum n 
Insektenblütler m pl 
insektenfressend a 
Insektentauschblume f 

Insertionsfläche f 
Intercostalfeld n 
Interfilarmasse f 
interpelliert a 
Interspecialkampf m 
Interstitialstreifen m 

Inversionsgeschwindigkeit f 
Inzucht f 



infection thread 

apical cell 

procambial strand 

initial cell 

crimson clover, Trifolium in- 
carnatum 

inner tissue of highly special- 
ized gall 

middle lamella 

secondary bark, phloem con- 
taining periderm layers, 
secondary 'cortex' 

introrse ovule 

physiological adaptation 

inner stomatal cavity 

mternal development 

vacuolar membrane, tonoplast 

internal striation (of epider- 
mal wall) 

formative growth 

Entomogamae 

carnivorous 

flower attracting insects by 
false nectaries 

plane of insertion 

intercostal plain 

filar sustance 

interpolated 

interspecies struggle 

interstice, small intercellular 
space 

inversion velocity 

endogamy, inbreeding 



Jahres[)eriode f 



annual period of growth, pres- 
ent year's growth 



65 



Jahresring m 
Jahrestrieb m 
Jahreszuwachs m 
Johannisbeere f 
Johanniskraut n 

Johannistrieb m 



Jugend f 

Jugendblatt n 

Jugendform f 
Jungkultur f 



annual ring 

present year's growth 

annual growth 

currant 

St. John's wort, Hypericum 
perforatum 

rapidly growing shoot devel- 
oping from the present 
year's buds after a short 
period of rest 

the life of a plant from time of 
germination to flowering 

protophyll, leaf of seedling 
form 

juvenile form 

a young culture (of fungi, etc.) 



K 

German words of Latin or Greek derivation beginning with 
Ka, Ko, or Ku, if not found here, should be looked for under 
the letter C. 



Käferblume f 
Kahlhiebwirtschaft f 
Kahmhaut f 
Kalk m 

Kalkausfüllung f 
Kalkboden m 
Kalkdrüse f 
kalkmeidend a 
Kalkmilch f 
Kalkzciger m 

Kältereiz m 
Kaltes tarrc f 
Kalthcfe f 
Kamille f (unechte) 



flower pollinated by beetles 

clear-cutting system 

zoögloea 

lime 

plug of lime 

calcareous soil 

chalk gland 

avoiding calcareous soil 

milk of lime 

plant indicating by its soil 

preference limy soil 
low temperature stimulus 
rigor due to low temperature 
wild yeast 
Pyrethrurn inodorum 



m 



Kamin m 

Kamm m 
Kammerfaser f 
Kammerwand f 
Kampf ums Dasein 
Kanne f 
Kannenpfianze f 
Kantholz n 
kantig a 
Kapitalist m 
kappenförmig a 
Kappenzelle f 

Kapsel f 
Kapselhals m 
kapuzenförmig a 
Kapuzinerkresse f 
Karbolsäure f 
Karde f 

Kardengewächse n pl 
Kartoffel f 
Kartoffelschorf m 
Käsepappel f 
Käsepappelgewächse n pl 
Kastanie f 
Kataphylla 
Kataplasia f 

Kataplasma n 
kataplastisch a 
Kätzchen n 
kätzchenblätterig a 
Kätzchenform f 
Katzenklee m 

Katzenminze f 



chimney (of xerophytic sto^ 

mate) 
crest 

septate fiber 
trama plate 
struggle for existence 
pitcher, ascidium 
pitcher plant 
squared timber 
angular 

insect-pollinated plant 
cucullate 
cap-cell (of archegonium or 

antheridium) 
capsule 
apophysis 
hoodlike 

Tropaeolum majus 
phenol, carbolic acid 
teasel, Dipsacus sp. 
Dipsacaceae 
potato 
potato scab 

mallow, Malva sylvestris 
Malvaceae 
chestnut, Castanea 
bract 
hypertrophy which is not due 

to overnutrition 
cataplastic gall 
cataplastic 
ament, catkin 
amentiferous 
catkin-like form 
rabbit foot, Trifoliuyn ar- 

vense 
catnip, Nepeta sp. 



67 



kegelförmig a 
Keilpfropfen n 
Keim m 
Keimbahn f 
Keimbläschen n 
Keimblatt n 
keimblattlos a 
Keimblattstamm m 
Keimchen n 
Keimdauer f 
keimen v 
Keimfähigkeit f 

Keimgewebe n 
Keimhaut f 
Keimkern m 
Keimknospe f 
Keimkorn n 
Keimkraft f 
Keimling m 
Keimmund m 
Keimmundnarbe f 
Keimpflanze f 
Keimplasma n 
Koimporc f 
Keimprüfung f 
Keimsack m 
Keimscheibe f 
Keimscheide f 
Kcimschlauch m 
Keimstück n 
kcimt()tcnd a 
Keimung 
kcimungauslösend a 

Keimungsbedingung f 



conical 

cleft-grafting 

embryo, germ 

germtrack 

egg apparatus 

cotyledon 

acotyledonous 

fundament 

gemmule 

duration of germination 

to germinate 

capability of germination, vi- 
ability 

nucellus 

plastoderm 

nucleus of fertilized egg 

ovule 

brood cell (liverworts) 

germinative power 

seedling 

micropyle 

cicatricula 

seedling, embryo 

germplasm 

germpore 

germination test 

embryosac 

germ disk 

coleoptile 

germ tube 

outer wall of a protonema 

germicidal 

germination 

releasing the process of germi- 
nation 

condition required for germi- 
nation 



"68 



Keimverzug m 
Keimwurzel f 
Keimzelle f 
Kelch m 

Kelchabschnitt m 
Kelchachsensporn m 
Kelchbecher m 

Kelchblatt n 
Kelcheinsatz m 
Kelchröhre f 
Kelchsaum m 
Keratenchym n 

Kermesbeere f 
Kermesbeerengewächse n pl 
Kern m 
Kernfaden m 

kernfaul a 
Kernfrucht f 
Kerngerüst n 
Kernhauskammer f 
Kemhöhle f 
Kernholz n 
Kernkörperchen n 
Kernpaarung f 
Kernplatte f 
Kernsaft m 
Kernscheide f 
Kernspindel f 
KernBtäbchen n 
Kernteilung f 
Kerntonne f 
Kernübertritt m 
Kernverschmelzung f 
Kernwand f 



delayed germination 

radicle 

germ cell 

calyx 

calyx lobe 

spur of calyx 

receptacle of perigynous 

flower 
sepal 

insertion of calyx 
calyx tube 

lobe of gamosepalous calyx 
obliterated sievetube strands 

in secondary phloem 
poke weed Phytolacca sp. 
Phytolaccaceae 
nucleus 
nuclear thread, chromatin 

thread 
rotten at the core 
seedfruit of apples 
nuclear reticulum 
locule, chamber of ovary 
nuclear vacuole 
heartwood 
nucleolus 
pairing of nuclei 
aequatorial plate 
nuclear sap 
endodermis 
nuclear spindle 
chromosome 
nuclear division 
spindle-rest 
nuclear migration 
nuclear fusion 
nuclear membrane 



69 



Kernwarze f 
Kesselfallenblume f 
keulenförmig a 
Keulenhaar n 
Keulenpapillum 
Kiefer f 
Kiefergehölz n 
Kiefernblascnrost m 
Kiemenbüschel n 

Kieselalge f 
Kieselanzeiger m 

Kieselgur f 
Kieselkörper m 
Kieselsäure f 
Kicselscheidc f 
Kieselskelett n 
kinetisches Zentrum n 
Kinn n 
Kirsche f 
Kittschicht f 

Klammerepithel n 
Klammerzellc 'f 

Klappe f 
klappenspaltig a 
Klapperrosc f 
Klappertopf m 
Klatschrose f 
Klause f 

Klobekorn n 
Kle})erschioht f 
Klebkraut n 
KU'bmasso f 



tip of nucellus 

flower which is an insect trap 

clubshaped 

clavate hair 

clavate papillum 

pinei 

pine grove 

blister rust of pine 

respiratory organs of certain 
water plants 

diatom 

plant indicating by its soil 
preference gravelly soil 

siliceous earth 

siliceous crystals 

siliceous acid 

spore membrane of diatoms 

siliceous skeleton 

centrosphere, centrosomes 

mcntum (of orchid flower) 

cherry 

connective layer * between 
graft and scion 

bracket epithelium 

bracket cell, anchor cell, brac- 
ing cell 

flap, valve, theca 

loculicidal 

corn poppy, Papaver Rhoeas 

Alectorolophus minor 

corn poppy, Papaver Rhoeas 

chamber in ovule (due to false 
partitions) 

desmochondrium, microsome 

aleuron layer 

bedstraw, Galium sp. 

glandula (in orchid or milk- 
weed flower) 



70 



Klebscheibe f 
Klee m 
Kleesäure f 
Kleinbestand m 
Kleinbienenblume f 
Kleinfliegenblume f 
Kleinkerfblume f 

Kleinlebewesen n 
Kleinspecies f 
Kleinspore f 
Klemmfallenblume f 

Klemmkörper m 
Klette f 

Klettenpflanze f 
Kletterhaken m 
Kletterhaar n 
Kletterklette f 
Kletterpflanze f 
Klettfrucht f 
klimmen v 
Klinghaar n 
klinomorphes Organ n 
Knast m 
Knäuel m 
Knäuelform f 
Knäuelkraut n 
Knieholz n 

Knoblauch m 
Knoblauchshederich m 
Knochenzelle f 
KnöUchen n 
Knolle f 
Knollenfäule f 
knollig a 



adhesive disk 

clover 

oxalic acid 

woodlot 

flower pollinated by small bees 

flower pollinated by small flies 

flower pollinated by small in- 
sects of various orders 

micro-organism 

monotype, monotypic genus 

microspore 

flower (of milkweed) having a 
retinaculum 

retinaculum 

burr 

plant with hooked hairs 

hooked hair 

climbing hair, emergence 

liana, climber 

burr fruit 

to climb 

climbing hair 

inclined organ 

knot in wood 

glomerule, spireme 

spireme 

knawel, Scleranthus sp. 

shrubs or low trees, especially 

conifers 
garlic 

Celiaria officinalis 
stone cell 

root tubercle, bulblet 
tuber 
tuber rot 
tuberous 



71 



Knopper f 

Knorpelcollenchym n 
knorrig a 
Knospchen n 
Knospe f 
Knospendecke f 
Knospendeckung f 
Knospendrang m 
knospeneigenes Haar n 
Knospengrund m 
Knospenhülle f 
Knospenkern m 
Knospenknöllchen n 
Knospenlage f 
Knospenschuppe f 
Knospenträger m 
Knospenwarze f 
Knospenzwiebel f 
Knötchen n 
Knoten m 
Knotenhülle f 
Knotenscheibe f 
Knotenwurz f 
Knotenzelle f 

Knöterich m 
Knöterichgewächse n pi 
Kohl m 
Kohlhernie f 
Kohlrübe f 
Kolben m 
Kolbcnanhang m 
Kolbcnbrand m 
Kolibriblume f 

KoUcrwuchs m 
Kolloid Fällung f 



fruit gall on oak 

cartilaginous collenchyma 

gnarled 

plumule, small bud 

bud 

bud scale 

aestivation 

blastomania 

ephemeral hair 

chalaza 

integument 

nucellus 

budlike tuber 

vernation 

bud scale 

funiculus 

nucellus 

bulbil, bulblet 

knob 

node 

lodicule 

disk of nodal cells 

figwort, Scrophularia sp. 

the cells underneath the egg 

cell in Chara 
kno tweed, Polygonum sp. 
Polygonaceae 
cabbage, Brassica oleracea 
clubroot of cabbage 
Swedish turnip 
spadix, head, spike 
appendage 
cob smut 
flower pollinated by small 

birds 
wide-spreading crown 
colloid precipitation 



72 



Kommissuralsiebröhre f 
Kompressionsreiz m 
Koniferenholz n 
Königskerze f 
Köpfchen n 
Köpfchendiachasie f 
Köpfchenhaar n 
Köpfchenrispe f 



Köpfchenschraubel f 
Köpfchensichel f 

Köpfchenspirre f 
Köpfchenwickel m 
köpfig a 
Kopfkohl m 
Kopfschimmel m 
kopulieren v 
Korbblütler m pl 
Korkhaut f 
Korkhöcker m 
Korkkruste f 
Korkmutterschicht f 
Korksäure f 
Korksucht f 

Korkwarze f 
Korkwucherung f 
Korkzelle f 
Korn n 
Kornähre f 
Kornblume f 
Körnchen n 
Körnchenflieger m 
Körnchenschlauch m 



commissural sieve tube 

compression stimulus 

gymnosperm wood 

mullein, Verbascum Thapsus 

capitulum 

botryose cyme 

capitate hair 

compound inflorescence of 
Compositae with no refer- 
ence to morphological struc- 
ture 

botryose cyme 

drepanium, a sickle-shaped 
cyme 

anthela (panicle of Juncus) 

cincinnus 

capitate 

cabbage 

mold 

to splice-graft 

Compositae 

periderm 

corky wart or knob 

cork crust 

phellogen 

suberic acid 

formation of excessive 
amounts of cork 

lenticel 

callus formation 

cork cell 

chondria, seed, grain 

ear of corn, spike 

Centaurea cyanus 

granule, little grain 

poppy type of seed 

cell containing crystal sand 
(calcium oxalate) 



73 



Körnerplasraa m 
Körnerüberzug m 
körnig a 
Kornrade f 

Korntrespe f 
Kraftknospe f 



Kraftspross m 

Kraftzweig m 

Krallenranke f 
Krammcnzelle f 
krankheitswiderständig a 
Krappgewächse n pl 
Kratzdistel f 



kraus a 

Kräuselkrankheit f 
Krauseminze f 

Kraut n 
krautartig a 
Krautüur f 
Krebs m 
kreiseiförmig a 
kreisende Bewegung f 
Kreislauf m 
Kresse f 

Kreuzbefruchtung f 
Kreuzbestäubung f 
Kreuzblümchen n 
Kreuzblumengewüchse n pl 
Kreuzblütlergewächsc n pl 
Kreuzdorn m 



granular plasm 

granular cuticle 

granular 

corn cockle, Agrostemma Gith- 
ago 

cheat, Bromus secalinus 

a bud near the surface of the 
ground protected by false 
scales 

shoot which elongates (inde- 
terminate growth) 

shoot with indeterminate 
growth 

clawlike holdfast or tendril 

anchor cell 

disease-resisting 

Rubiaceae 

common thistle, Circium ole- 
raceum 

curly 

curly leaf disease 

curled mint, spearmint, Men- 
tha spicata 

herb, vine, weed 

herbaceous 

meadow (of arctic region) 

canker, cancer 

turbinate 

nutation movement 

cycle 

cress 

hybridization 

cross pollination 

milkwort, Polygala sp. 

Polygalaceae 

Cruciferae 

buckthorn, Rhamnus cathar- 
tica 



74 



10 



Kreuzdomgewächse n pl 
kreuzförmig a 
kreuzständig a 
Kreuzung f 
Kristallbehälter m 
Kristalldrüse f 
Kristallfaser f 

Kristallkammerfaser f 

* 

Kristallmehl n 
Kristallnädelchen n 
Kristallsand m 
Krönchen n 
Krone f 
Kronenachsensporn m 

Kronenblatt n 
Kronenröhre f 
Kronenrost m 

Kropf m 
Kropfhaar n 

Kropfmaser f 
krugförmig a 
krumm a 
krümmen v 
Krummholz n 

Krummholzkiefer f 
Krummholzzone f 
krummläufig a 
krumos a 
Krüppelform f 
Krustenflechte f 
kuchenförmig a 



Rhamnaceae 

cruciatie 

decussate 

hybridization (crossing) 

crystal-containing cell 

druse, clustered crystals 

septate fiber containing crys- 
tals 

septate fiber containing crys- 
tals 

crystal sand 

acicular crystal 

crystal sand 

crown, para-corolla 

corolla 

spur (in the lip of orchid 
flower) 

petal 

tubular perianth 

rust produced by Puccinia 
coronata 

swelling, crop 

crop-hair, unicellular hair 
widened at base 

wen 

urceolate 

crooked, bent 

to curve 

knee-timber, shrub pine, com- 
pass timber 

Pinus pumila 

timberline vegetation 

campylotropous 

friable 

distorted form, dwarfed form 

crustaceous lichen 

placentiform 



75 



Kuckucksblumengewächse 

n pl 
kugelig a 
Kugel trieb m" 
Kuhblume f 
Kukabrühe f 
Kümmel m 

künstliche Zucktwahl f 
Kupferkalkbrühe f 
kuppenförmig a 
Kürbis m . 
Kürbisfrucht f 
Kürbisgewächse n pl 
Kirzstäbchen n 
Kurztrieb m 
Kutikularerhebung f 



Orchidaceae 

spherical, globose 

globular shoot 

marsh marigold, Caltha sp. 

Bordeaux mixture 

caraway, Carum Carvi 

artificial selection 

Bordeaux mixture 

dome-shaped 

pumpkin, gourd 

pepo 

Cucurbitaceae 

bacillus 

short shoot, brachyblast 

cuticular elevation 



Labkraut n 
Lackmus m 
Lacunargewebe n 
Ladungsänderung f 
Lager n 
Lagerpflanze f 
Laichkraut n 
Längenzuwachs m 
länglich a 

Längsdurchschnitt m 
längsgeteilt a 

längsläufig a 
Längsspaltung f 
langstaubfädig a 
Längszerreissfähigkeit f 
Langtrieb m 
lanzettförmig a 
Lärche f 



bedstraw, Galium sp. 

litmus 

trabecular tissue 

change in potential 

thallus 

Thallophyte 

pondweed, Potamogeton sp. 

height increment 

oblong 

longitudinal section 

longitudinally or cruciately 

divided 
axiodromous 
longitudinal fission 
having long anthers 
tensile strength 
long shoot 
lanceolate 
larch, Larix sp. 



76 



Lärchenharz n 
Lagunengebüsch n 

lappenartig a 
Laub n 
Laubblatt n 
Laubfall m 
Laubflechte f 
Laubholz n 
Laubknospe f 
Laubsporophyll n 
Laubwald m 
laubwechselnd a 
Laubwerk n 
Laugeneiweiss n 
lebendiggebärend a 
Lebensäusserung f 
Lebensbaum m 
Lebensdauer f 
Lebenseigenschaft f 
Lebensfähigkeit f 
Lebensgeschichte f 
Lebensholz n 

Lebenskraft f 
Lebensträger m 
Leberklette f 
Lebermoos n 
Leberstärke f 
lederartig a 
Lehm m 
leierförmig a 
Leimgewebe n 
Leimzotte f 
Leindotter m 
Leingewächse n pl 
Leinkraut n 



Venetian turpentine 

herb and shrub vegetation of 

salt soil 
lobe-like 
foliage 
foliage leaf 
defoliation 
foliaceous lichen 
deciduous tree, foliage tree 
leaf-bud 
leafy sporophyll 
angiosperm forest 
deciduous 
foliage 
basic protein 
viviparous 
manifestation of life 
arbor vitae, Thuja sp. 
longevity 

a property of living matter 
vitality, viability 
life history 
lignum vitae, Guaiacum 

sanctum 
vitality 
biophore 

agrimony, Agrimonia sp. 
liverwort 
glycogen 
coriaceous 
loam 
lyrate 

coUenchyma 
complex of glands 
false flax, Camelina saliva 
Linaceae 
toadflax, Linaria vulgaris 



77 



Leinöl n 
Leinpflanze f 
Leiste f 
Leistennetz n 

Leitbündel n 

Leitbündelkryptogamen pl 
Leiter f 



leiterförmig a 
Leitergefäss n 
Leitfähigkeit f 
Leitparenchym n 
Leitscheide f 
Leitung f 
Leitungsgewebe n 
leptocentrisch a 
Leptoparenchym n 
Leuchtmoos n 
Libriformgewebe n 
Libroplast m 
Lichtblatt n 
lichtfangend a 
Lichtgcnuss m 

Lichtholz n 

Lichtlage f 

Lichtreiz m 

lichtscheu a 

Lichtsinnesorgan n 

lichtvag a 

lichtwendig a 

Liebesapfel m 

liegend a 

liogondc Markstrahlzellc f 

Liguhirgrube f 



linseed oil 

flax, Linum sp. 

ridge, carina 

cuticular projections (into 

epidermal cells) 
vascular bundle 
vascular cryptogams 
leader (applied to starch 

grains characteristic of a 

given plant) 
scalariform 
scalariform element 
conductivity 
conductive parenchyma 
mestome sheath 
conduction 
conducting tissue 
amphivasal 
phloem parenchyma 
luminous moss 
libriform tissue 
elaioplast 
heliophilous leaf 
diaphototropic 
relation of light absorption to 

intensity of daylight 
light-loving tree 
position in relation to light 
light stimulus 
heliophobic 

organ sensitive to light 
aphotometric 
phototropic 
tomato 
procumbent 

horizontal medullary ray cell 
ligular pit 



78 



Liliengewächse n pl 
Lindausche Zelle f 
Lindenfrucht f 
Lindengewächse n pl 
linksgedreht a 
linksgriffe] ig a 
linkskreisende Pflanze f 
Linksspirale f 
Linse f 
linsenförmig a 
Lippe f 
Lippenblüte f 
Lippenblütler m pl 
Löcherschwamm m 
Lode f 
löffeiförmig a 
Löffelkraut n 
Lohkrankheit f 
Lolchgräser n pl 
Lorbeerbaum m 
Lorbeergewächse n pl 
Löslichkeitsbeeinflussung f 
Löslichkeitssteigerung f 
Loslösung f 

Losschnellende (Pflanzen) 
. fpl 

Löwenmaul n 
Löwenzahn m 

LückencoUenchym n 
Lückenparenchym n * 
Luftdruck m 
Luftgang m 
Luftgewebe n 
Lufthöhle f 



Liliaceae 

primordium of apothecium 

carcerule 

Tiliaceae 

left-contorted 

aristerostylic 

left-hand climber 

left spiral 

lentil, lens 

lentiform 

labellum 

labiate flower 

Labiatae 

Polyparus sp. 

sprout 

cochleariform 

scurvy grass 

abnormal lenticel formation 

Loliae 

laurel, Laurus nohilis 

Lauraceae 

influence on solubility 

increase of solubility 

separation of vegetative 
parts for reproduction 

*Explodiflorae' (flowers which 
expel their pollen by ex- 
plosive action) 

snapdragon, Antirrhinum 

dandelion, Taraxacum 
officinale 

tubular collenchyma 

spongy parenchyma 

atmospheric pressure 

air canal 

aërenchyma 

air cavity 



79 



Luftkammer f 
Luftkanal m 
Luftknolle f 
Luftlücke f 
Luftmycel n 
Luftpflanze f 
Luftraum m 
Lufttrockengewicht n 
Luftspalte f 
Luftwurzel f 
Luzerne f 



mächtig a 

Magerkeitsanzeiger m 
Maibaum m 
Maiblume f 
Malzeiweiss n 
Mangold m 
Mannbarkeit f 
männliche Keimzelle f 

Mannweibigkeit f 
Manschette f 
Mark n 
Markbrücke f 



Markfleck m 
Markhöhle f 
Markholz n 
Markkrone f 



Markscheide f 
Markschicht f 
markständig a 



air canal • 

air canal 

aerial tuber 

air space 

aerial mycelium 

epiphyte 

air cavity 

air-dry weight 

airchamber 

aerial root 

alfalfa, Medicago saliva 



M 



thick 

indicator of soil exhaustion 

birch 

lily-of-the-valley 

diastase 

beet 

sexual maturity 

male germcell, microspore, 
pollen grain 

hermaphroditism 

armilla 

pith 

widened medullary ray unit- 
ing pith of stem to that of 
lateral organs 

pithfleck 

cavity in pith 

pithy wood 

perimedullary zone of stele, 
circle of primary bundles in 
the stem 

pith sheath, medullary sheath 

medulla (of lichen thallus) 

medullary 



80 



Markstrahl m 
Markstrahlzelle f 
Markstrang m 

marktreif a 
Markverbindung f 

Markwiederholung f 
Marschboden m 
Marschwiese f 
Maschenraum m 

Maser f 



• ^ 



Maserbildung f 
Maserholz n 
Mauerparenchym n 
Maulbeerdrüse f 
Maulbeergewächse n pl 
mechanische Zelle f 

Meeresalge f 
Meerkohl m 
Meerrettich m 
Meerträubel f 
Mehlfrucht f 
mehlig a 
Mehlkörper m 
Mehltau m 
mehrfächerig a 
mehrgipfelig a 
mehrkammerig a 
mehrzellreihig a 
mehrzinkig a 
Meisterwurz f 

Melde f 



medullary ray 

medullary ray cell 

center strand of differentiated 

cells (in mosses) 
marketable 
primary rays extending cen- 

trifugally from the pith 
pith fleck 

swamp, marshy soil 
low meadow 
mesh-like spaces in spongy 

tissue 
gnarled, streaked, or grained 

wood 
gnarl formation 
gnarled wood, grain of wood 
puriform parenchyma 
morulose gland 
Moraceae 
stereome cell, supporting or 

protecting cell 
sea alga 
sea kale 
horse radish 
Ephedra fragilis 
cereal 

mealy, farinose 
endosperm 
mildew 

multiloculate, compound 
many-tipped, many-pointed 
multiloculate 
multiseriate 
many-fluked 
masterwort, Imperatoria oh- 

truthium 
Chenopodium album, Atriplex 

patula 



81 



Melone f 

Membranfcrtsatz m 
Membranschleim m 
Mengung f 
Mergel m 
Merkmalspaar n 
Milchsaftröhre f 
Milchsaftschlauch m 
Milchzelle f 
Mischbestand m 
Mischfrucht f 
Mischling m 
Missbildung f 
Misswachs m 
Mistbeet n 
Mistel f 
Mittelband n 
Mittelbildung f 
Mittelblatt n 
Mittelblattstamm m 

Mittelform f 
Mittelhaut f 
Mittelplatte f 

Mittelrasse f 
Mittelrinde f 
Mittelschicht f 
mittelständig a 
Mittelwert m 
Mohn m 

Mohngewächse n pl 
Mohnhirse f 
Mohrrübe f 
Mohntyp der Flugorgane 

Molccülsieb n 



canteloupe 

prolongation of cell wall 

membrane mucilage 

hybridization 

calcareous clay 

character pair, allelomorphs 

latex tube 

latex tube 

latex cell 

mixed wood 

species hybrid 

hybrid 

monstrosity 

anomalous growth 

hotbed 

mistletoe 

connective (of anther) 

intermediate hybrid 

foliage leaf 

part of stem which bears the 
foliage leaves 

intermediate type 

middle layer of spore coat 

innermost layer of middle la- 
mella 

intermediate race 

primary rind, original cortex 

intermediate layer 

perigynous 

average 

poppy 

Papaveraceae 

sorghum 

carrot 

poppy type of flying organs of 
seeds 

microfiltcr 



82 



11 



Mondring m 
Monogonie f 
monomer a 
monostemon a 



Moor n 
Moosbüchse f 
Moosfrucht f 
Moosvorkeim m 
morphogener Reiz m 
morphogenes Wachstum n 
Mosaikpanaschierung f 
Moschusdistel f 
Mull n 

Mundbesatz m 
Mündung f 
Mündungsparaphyse f 
muschelförmig a 
Mutterkornpilz m 
Mutterzelle f 
Mütze f 
Mycelcyst m 
myceliarer Rand m 
Myrosinbehälter m 
Myrtengewächse n pl 



pith fleck 

asexual reproduction 

monocarpous 

having only one cycle of sta- 
mens not exceeding petals 
in number 

bog 

moss capsule 

moss sporangium 

protonema of moss 

formative stimulus 

formative growth 

mosaic mottling 

musk thistle, Carduus nutans 

humus 

peristome 

ostiole 

periphysis 

shellshaped 

ergot of rye 

mother cell 

calyptra 

gemma 

type of prothallus 

myrosin cell 

Myrtaceae 



N 



Nabel m 
Nabelstrang m 
Nachbarbestäubung f 
Nachbarkreuzung f 

Nachbarzelle f 
Nachkommenschaft f 
Nachtblume f 
N ach tblü tier m pl 



hilum 

funiculus 

geitonogamy 

vicinism (due to hybridiza- 
tion) 

adjacent cell 

progeny 

nocturnal flower 

night-flowering plants, Nyc- 
taginaceae 



83 



Nachtfalterblume f 

Nachtkerze f 

Nachtkerzengewächse n pl 
Nachtschatten m 
Nachtschattengewächse n pl 
Nachtschwärmerblume f 

Nachtstellung f 
Nachwirkungsbewegung f 
nacktfüssiger Zweig m 
nacktsamig a 
Nadelblatt n 
Nadelfaser f 
nadeiförmig a 
Nadelholz n 
Nadelwald m 
Nagel m 
Nährblatt n 
Nährboden m 
Nährepidermis f 

Nährgewebe n 

Nährhaar n 
Nährlösung f 
Nährmycel n 
Nährpflanze f 
Nährplasma n 
Nährsalz n 
Nährschicht f 
Nährstoff m 
Nahrungszufuhr f 
Nährwasser n 
Nährwurzel f 
Nährzelle f 



flower pollinated by noc- 
turnal butterflies or moths 

evening primrose, Oenothera 
,sp. 

Onagraceae ■ . 

nightshade, Solanum sp. 

Solanaceae 

flower pollinated by nocturnal 
moths 

night position (qf leaves) 

after-effect movement 

bulbil 

gymnospermous 

needle-leaf, gymnosperm leaf 

acicular fiber 

acicular 

gymnosperm wood 

gymnosperm forest 

spur, clawlike petal, unguis 

storage leaf 

nutrient medium 

epidermal cells specialized to 
function in nutrition 

nutrient tissue in galls, albu* 
men 

nutrient hair in galls 

nutrient solution 

vegetative mycelium 

host, foodplant 

trophoplasm 

nutrient salt 

endosperm 

nutrient material 

intake of food 

nutrient solution 

absorbing root 

nutrient <?ell (in Hepaticae) 



84 



Naht f 
Napf m 
Napfflieger m 



Narbe f 

Narbenfortsatz ml 
Narbenlappen m 
narbennachreif a 
Narbenpapilla f 
narbenvorreif a 
nasse Fäule f 
natürliche Zuchtwahl f 
Nebenachse f 
Nebenader f 
Nebenast m 
Nebenbedingung f 
Nebenblatt n 
nebenblattlos a 
Nebenblumenkrone f 

Nebenfrucht f 
Nebengeissel f 
Nebenkeimbahn f 
Nebenkelch m 
Nebenkern m 
Nebenkrone f 



suture, raphe 

basin (part of secretory cell) 

biconcave seed or fruit pro- 
vided with membranous 
wings 

stigma, scar, hilum 

stigmatic lobe 

protandrous 

stigmatic papilla 

protogynous • 

wet rot 

natural selection 

secondary axis 

accessory vein 

collateral branch 

accessory condition or factor 

ligule, stipule 

exstipulate 

paracorolla, corona, crown of 

corolla 
paracarpium, imperfect stage 
paraflagellum 
secondary germtrack 
calycle, calycalis, involucre 
blepharoplast, paranucleus 
paracorolla, corona, crown of 

corolla 



Nebennerv m 


accessory vein 


Nebenschössling m 


sucker, offshoot 


Nebensporangium n 


reduced conidium-like spor 




angium 


nebenständig a 


collateral 


Nebensymbiose f 


parasymbiosis 


Nebensympodium n 


secondary sympodiuin 


Nebentyp m 


faciès 


nebenweibig a 


perigynous 




85 



Nebenwurzel f 
Nebenzeile f 
Nebenzelle f 

Nebenzweig m 
Nçlke f 

Nelkengewächse n pl 
Nervatur f 
Nervillennetz n 
Nessel f 

Nesselgewächse* n pl 
Nestepiphyt m 
Nestwurzel f 
Netzfasergewebe n 

Netznerv m 
netznervig a 
Neubildungsreiz m 
Neubürger m 
neutrale Faser f 

Nichtanlegung f 
Niederblatt n 
Niederblattmanschette f 

Niederblattstamm m 
niedergedrückt-kugelig a 
Niederholz n 
Niederreissen n 
Niederschlagsmembran f 
Niederspross m 
Niederungsmoor n 
nierenförmig a 
Niesswurz f 

Nischenblatt n 
Nomophylla f 



lateral root, adventitious root 

parastiche 

modified epidermal cells (sur- 
rounding foot of hair) 

lateral branch 

pink, carnation 

Caryophyllaceae 

venation 

net-veins 

nettle, Urtica sp. 

Urticaceae 

nest-epiphyte 

nest-root (orchid, etc.) 

tissue made up of reticulate 
elements 

nervil 

of reticulate venation 

formative stimulus 

neophyte 

fiber with a tension quotient 
equal to zero 

entire suppression of an organ 

scale, cataphyll 

protective sheath of subterra- 
nean stem 

subex 

spheroidal 

undergrowth, dwarfed trees 

passive precipitation 

precipitation membrane 

catablast 

sour meadow 

reniform 

Veratrum album, Helleborus 
viridis 

nest leaf (in Polypodium) 

foliage leaf 



86 



Nonnaltiefe f 

Nonnkultur f 
Notreife f 
Nuss f 
Nüsschen n 

nützlicher Spross m 



normal depth for seed in a 

given soil 
typical culture 
premature ripening 
nut 
hard wall of oospore (in 

Chara) 
shoot which is not in direct 

line with flower axis 



O 



Obenaufpflanzen n 
Oberblatt n 
oberes Schülferchen n 
Oberflächenperiderm n 
Oberflächenschnitt m 
Oberflächenspannung f 
Oberhaut f 

oberschlächtiges Blatt n 
Oberseite f 
oberständig a 
Geologische Art f 
oculieren v 
Ödland n 
Öffnungskappc f 

Offnungsstoss m 
Oidiumkette f 
Ölbehälter m 
Ölhypha f 
Ölkörper m 
ölmadie f 
Ölrettich m 
Ölstriemen m 
Ölweidengewächse n pl 
Ölzelle f 
Ooblastemfaden m 



hill planting 

epiphyll 

upper scale of peltate hair 

surface periderm 

surface section 

surface tension 

epidermis 

succubus leaf (in liverworts) 

upper, adaxial, or ventral side 

hypogynous, superior (ovary) 

biologic species 

to bud 

waste land 

opening device (in anthcri- 

dium of liver-worts) 
initial stimulus 
oidium chain 
oil-storing organ 
oil-hypha 
oil-body 
Madia sativa 
radish, Raphanus sativa 
oil-canal 
Elacagnaceae 
oil-storing cell 
oöblastic filament, fertilizing 

tube 



87 



Ooblastemfortzatz m 
Oogoniumstand m 
Orangenfrucht f 
Orientierungsbewegung f 
Ortsveränderung f 
Osterluzei f 

Osterluzeigewächse n pi 



conjugation tube 

oögoniophore 

hesperidium 

orientation movement 

change of position 

birthwort, Aristolochia Ole- 

matis 
Aristolochiaceae 



Paletta f 
Palisadendrüse f 
Palisadengewebe n 
Palisadenzellbüschel n 
Palmentypus der Gefäss- 

bündel 
Panaschierung f 
Papillarwand f 



Pappel f 
Parenchymscheide f 

passive Anpassung f 
Pastinakwurzel f 
Paukenhaut f 
Pechkiefer f 
peitschenförmig a 
Peitschengeissel f 
Peitschenhaar n 
Perforationsschlauch m 
Perichaetialblatt n 

Periclinalchimar m 



palet 

palisade gland 

palisade tissue 

group of palisade cells 

palm type of bundle arrange- 
ment 

variegation 

the wall of the primordium 
which cuts off the leaf 
initials 

poplar 

parenchymatous sheath of leaf 
veins 

passive adaptation 

parsnip 

drum (moss capsule) 

pitch pine, Pinus sp. 

flagelliform 

flagellum 

whiplike hair 

penetration tube 

involucral leaf (around the 
base of the setae in mosses) 

chimaera, graft hybrid (in 
which the peripheral part 
resembles one parent while 
the central part resembles 
the other parent) 



88 



Peridermdauergewebe n 
Perigonialblatt n 



Perlblase f 
Perldrüse f 

Petroleumseifenbrühe f 
Pfaffenhütchen n 

Pfahlwurzel f 
Pfefferkraut n 

Pfeifenstrauch m 

pfeilförmig a 
Pfirsich m 
Pflanze f 

Pflanzenbestand m 
Pflanzengesellschaft f 
Pflanzenei weiss n 
Pflanzenerde f 
Pflanzenreich n 
Pflanzenschleim m 
Pflanzenvorwesenkunde f 
Pflanzenzucht f 
Pflasterung f 

Pflaunae f 
pfriemförmig a 
pfriemlich a 
Propfbastard m 
pfropfen v 
Pfropfhybrid m 
Pfropfmischling m 
Phasengrenze f 
Phloeminsel f 



phellem 

the bract of leafy liverworts 
in the axil of which stands 
the antheridium 

bladderlike hair 

pearl gland 

kerosene emulsion 

spindle tree, Evonymus euro- 
paeus 

taproot 

savory, peppergrass, stone- 
crop 

birthwort, Dutchman's pipe, 
Aristolochia Sipho 

sagittate 

peach 

plant 

plant formation 

plant society 

vegetable protein 

humus 

plant kingdom 

mucilage 

phytopaleontology 

plant breeding 

sheathing (of veins with crys- 
tals) 

plum, prune 

subulate, awlshaped 

lashlike, subulate 

grafthybrid 

to graft 

grafthybrid 

grafthybrid 

phase boundary 

area of phloem isolated in 
other tissue 



89 



Pigmentschicht f 
Pilz m 
Pilzblume f 
Pilztier n 
pilzverdauende Pflanze f 

Pilzwurzel f 
pinselförmig a 
Pinselschimmel m 
Pinselzotte f 
Plasmabrücke f 
Plasmahaut f 
Plasmaströmung f 
Plasmaverbindung f 
Plasomolecül n 
Platte f 

Plattencollenchym n 
Plattendrehflügler m 

Plattenkultur f 
pleocarp a 
Polkappe f 
Pollenblume f 

Pollenfach n 
Pollenkammer f 
Pollenkorn n 
Pollenmal n 
Pollenmasse f 

Pollenmasse f 
Pollenmutterzelle f 
pollennachreif a 
Pollensack m 
Pollenschlauch m 
Pollenschlauchkern m 



pigment layer 

fungus 

fungus fructification 

myxomycete 

plant with endotropic mycor- 

rhiza 
mycorrhiza 
brushlike 

Pénicillium crustatum 
brushlike shaggy hair 
plasmodesma 
plasma membrane 
plasma streaming 
plasmodesma 
biogenic molecule 
plate, petal-lamina 
lamellar collenchyma 
plant with Ailanthus type of 

flying organs of seeds 
petri-dish culture 
perennial 
polar cap 
flower which produces only 

pollen and no nectar 
pollen sac 
pollen chamber 
pollen grain 
pseudo-nectar guide 
massula, a group of adhering 

pollen grains as in Orchidae 
massula 

pollen mother cell 
protogynous 
pollen sac 
pollen tube 
vegetative nucleus of pollen 

grain 



90 



12 



Pollenübertragung f 
pollenvorreif a 
Pollinationstropfen m 
Polster n 
Polsterbildner m pl 



Pore f 

Porenkanal m 
Porenkapsel f 

Porenkork m 

Porenzelle der Spaltöff- 
nung f 
positive Spannung f 
Präsentationszeit f 
Präventivspross m 
Preisseibeere f 

Primärblatt n 

primäre Äusserung f 

primäre Membrane f 
primäre Rinde f 

primärer Embryosackkern m 
primärer Holzteil m 
Primanblüte f * 

Priman m 

Primordialblatt n 

Primordialgefäss n 
Primordialschlauch m 



pollination, transfer of pollen 

protandrous 

liquid excreted by micropyle 

pulvinus, stroma 

perennial herbs which spread 

freely but which branch 

little, bunch-grass 
pit 

part of branched pit 
porous capsule, fruit (of 

poppy type) 
strip of periderm in tissue of 

lenticel 
guard cell of stomate 

turgor 

presentation time 

water shoot 

cranberry, whortleberry, Vac- 
cinium sp. 

the first leaf following the 
cotyledons 

fundamental exhibition in hy- 
brids 

middle lamella 

the tissue external to the vas- 
cular cylinder 

nucleus of embryo cell 

primary xylem 

the terminal flower of a leader 
in a cymose inflorescence 

bract of the last flower of a 
cymose inflorescence 

leaf primordium, the first leaf 
following the cotyledons 

protoxylem element 

primordial utricle 



91 



progressive Veränderung f 
Protenparenchym n 
Protoplasmabewegung f 
Protoplasmakammer f 
Proventivknospe f 
Proventivspross m 

Pseudosaftmal n 
pseudosomatische Keim- 
bahn f 
Purgierlein m 



metaplasia 
protenchyma 
protoplasmic movement 
plasma chamber 
proventitious bud 
shoot developed from a pro- 
ventitious bud 
false nectar guide . 
secondary germtrack 

flax, Linum catharticum 



Quartanblüte f 



Quecke f 

Quecksilberchlorid n 
Quellschicht f 

Quellung f 
Querachse f 
Querbalken m 

quergeteilt 
querläufig 
Querparenchym n 
Querschnitt m 
Quirl m 
quirlig a 
Quitte f 



terminal flower of the fourth 
axis of a cymose inflores- 
cence 

quick grass, Agropyron repens 

mercury bichloride 

swelling layer in seeds and 
fruits 

swelling 

transverse axis 

transverse beam, trabecula of 
peristome, bar of Sanio 

transversely septate 

plagiodromous 

radial parenchyma (in leaves) 

cross section 

whorl, verticil 

verticillate 

quince 



Rachenblüte f 
radförmig a 
radiär a 



R 



labiate flower 
wheel shaped 
actinomorphic 



92 



Radieschen n 
Rainfarn m 
Rainweide f 
Rahmen 
Randbast m 
Randbeschaffenheit f 
Randblüte f 
Randbündel n 
randnervig a 
Randpartie f 
Randschleier m 
randständig 
Randtüpfel m 
Randzahn m 
Randzelle f 

Randzellenwachstum n 
Ranke f 
ranken v 
rankenförmig a 
Rankengewächs n 
Rankenkletterer m 
Rankenpflanze f 
Raphidenschlauch m 
Raps m 
Rapünzchen n 

rasenbildendes Moos n 
Rasennarbe f 
Rasse f 
Räuber m 
Raucherzeugung f 
Rauhblatt n 

Rautengewächse n pl 
Reactionsgcschwindigkeit f 
Reactionskcttc f 



radish, Raphanus sp. 

tansy, Tanacetum sp. 

privet, Ligustrum sp. 

replum 

marginal bast 

shape of margin 

ray flower 

marginal bundle 

craspidromous 

margin (of leaf) 

cortina 

marginal 

marginal pit 

marginal tooth 

outer cell of a spherical peri- 
stome 

marginal growth 

tendril, runner 

to creep or climb 

cirrhiform 

creeper, climber 

tendril-climber 

climber, runner 

raphid-sac 

rape 

lamb's lettuce, Valeriannella 
sp. 

moss which forms dense mats 

thick turf 

race 

water shoot, sucker shoot 

smudging 

leaf of zoöphobic plants with 
coarse often recurved hairs 

Rutaccac 

reaction velocity 

scries of events from stinui 
lation to response 



93 



Reactionsstufe f 
Reactionszeit f 
rechtsgedreht a 
rechtsgriffelige Blüte f 
rechtskreisende Pflanze f 
Reductionsteilung f 
reducierte Spaltöffnung f 
regelmässige Blüte f 
Regenblatt n 



Regenwald m 
regressive Veränderung f 
reif a 
Reif m 
Reifholz n 
Reinbestand m 



Reinigung f 



Reinkultur f 
Reis n 

Reisgräser n pl 
reitend a 
Reiz m 
reizbar a 
Reizbedingung f 
Reizbewegung f 
Reizdauer f 
Reizempfänglichkeit f 
Reizerfolg m 
reizfähig a 
Reizfortpflanzung f 
Reizgipfel m 

Reizhaken m 



stage of reaction 

latent period of reaction 

right-contorted 

dexiostylic flower 

righthand climber 

reduction division 

vestigial stomate 

actinomorphic flower 

leaf adapted for rapid drying, 
rain-enduring leaf, leaf of 
rainforest plant 

rainforest 

necrosis 

mature, ripe 

bloom, hoarfrost 

heartwood 

plantation devoted to a single 
crop 

progressive shedding of lower 
branches of forest trees, 
self-pruning 

pure culture 

twig 

Oryzeae 

equitant 

stimulus, irritant 

irritable 

condition of stimulation 

movement due to stimulation 

duration of stimulation 

susceptibility to stimulation 

resulting stimulation 

irritable 

conduction of excitation 

stimulus giving maximum ex- 
citation 

irritable hook 



94 



Reizmenge f 
Reizmittel n 

reizpercipierendes Organ n 
Reizschwelle f 

Reiz stärke f 
Reizstellung f 

Reiz Übertragung f 
Reizung f 
Reizursache f 

Reizvorgang m 

Reizwirkung f 
Reliktendemisma n 
reparativer Wurzelspross m 
Reservestoff m 
Reservestoffbehälter m 
Reservestofforgan n 
resinogene Schicht f 

Retortenzelle f 
Rettich m 
Rettich-Hederich m 

Rhabarber m 

rhizogene Schicht f 

richtender Reiz m 

Richtungsbewegung f 

Riedgräser n pl 

Rief 

Riff 

Riemenblumengewächse n pl 

Rille f 

Rinde f 

rindenbewohnend a 



►m 



energy of stimulation 

stimulant, irritant 

sensitive organ, tactile organ 

minimum stimulation needed 
to produce reaction 

energy of stimulus 

position assumed as a result 
of stimulation 

transmission of stimulus 

stimulation, excitation 

source (or cause) of stimula- 
tion 

process of stimulation and 
transmission 

effect of stimulation 

surviving endemic form 

compensatory sprout 

reserve material 

storage organ 

storage organ 

secretive wall layer (of secre- 
tory cell) 

ampulla 

black radish 

wild radish, Raphanus Ra- 
phanistrum 

rhubarb 

pericambium 

formative stimulus 

orientation movement 

Cyperaceae 

carina, ridge 

Loranthaceae 

valecula 

bark, cortex 

growing on the outer bark- 



OS 



Rindenbrand m 
Rindenbündelsystem n 

Rindenfarbstoff m 
Rindenflechte f 
Rindengrenze f 
Rindenhaut f 
Rindenhöckerchen n 
Rindenmarkstrahl m 

Rindenpfropfen n 
Rindenpore f 
Rindensaugstrang m 
Rindensäure f 
Rindenschicht f 
Rindenwand f 

Ring m 
Ringelborke f 



Ringgefäss n 
ringporiges Holz n 
Ringtracheide f 
Rinne f 
Rippe f 
Rispe f 
Rispengras n 
Rispenhirse f 
Rittersporn m 
Roggen m 

Roggenstengelbrand m 
Rohbodenpflanze f 
Rohchlorophyllösung f 
Rohfaser f 
Röhrenblatt n 
Röhrenblüte f 



frost canker 

leaftrace or branches of same 

(in cortex) 
phlobaphene 
lichen growing on bark 
phloëoterma 
periderm 
lenticel 
that part of the medullary 

ray that lies in the phloem 
bark grafting 
lenticel 

cortical haustorium 
corticinic acid 
cortical layer 
wall which cuts off the leaf 

initials from the axis 
annulus 
periderm which peels off the 

stem in rings^ ring bark, 

hoop bark 
ringed element 
ringporous wood 
annular element 
valecula 
costa 
panicle 

meadow grass, Poa sp. 
Panicum sp. 

larkspur, Delphinium sp. 
rye 

covered smut of rye 
plant growing on virgin soil 
crude chlorophyll extract 
crude fiber 
tubular leaf 
tubular flower 



96 



röhrig^ a 
Rohrkolben m 
Rohrstamm m 
Rohrsumpf m 
Rohrzucker m 
Rollblatt n 
Rose f 

Rosengewächse n pl 
Rosenkohl m 
rosenkranzförmig a 
Rosettenstaude f 
Rosettenträger m 
Rossfenchel m 
Rosskastanie f 
Rosskastaniengewächse n pl 
Rostigwerden n 
Rotfäule f 
Rotholz n 
Rotklee m 
Rübe f 
Rückbildung f 



Rückbildungsvorgang m 
Rückkreuzung f 
Rückennaht f 
Rückenseite f 
rückenständig a 
-rückenwurzelig a 
Rückschlag m 
Rückschlagbildung f 
Ruheakinet m 



Ruhezustand m 
Rundfaser f 
Runkelrübe f 



fistular 

cat-tail, Typha latifolia 

cane, reed 

reed swamp 

sucrose 

revolute leaf 

rose, rosette 

Rosaceae 

Brussels sprouts 

moniliform 

rosette plant 

Phellandricum aquaticum 

horse chestnut. Aesculus sp. 

Hippocastanaceae 

russeting 

red rot 

redwood 

red clover 

beet, turnip 

phylogenetic disappearance of 

organs which have become 

non-functional 
reversion 
back-crossing 
dorsal suture 
dorsal side 
dorsal 
incumbent, notorrhizal 

atavism 

resting cell formed directly 
from vegetative cell without 
the formation of a new wall 

resting condition 

tracheid of summer-wood 

mangold, beetroot 



97 



Runzelblatt n 

runzelig a 
Russtau m 
Rüster f 
Rutengewächs n 
Rutenspross m 



wrinkled, corrugated, ci* xero- 

phytic leaf 
rugose 
sooty mold 
elm, Ulmua sp. 
phylloclad 
slender leafy shoot 



Saat f 

Saatgutbeize f 
Sackpusule f 
Saft m 
Saftblume f 
Saftdrüse f 
Saftfaden m 
Saftpflanze f 
Saftrauro m 
Saftstrom m 
Saftverkehr m 
Sägeblatt n 
Sägepalme f 
Salbei m f 
Salpeterpflanze f 
Salpetersäure f 
Salzdrüse f 
Salzpflanze f 
Salzsäure f 
Samen m 
Samenanlage f 
samenbeständig a 
Samenblättchen n 
Samenblüten f pi 

Samendecke f 
Samendeckel m 
Sameneikern m 



seed 

seed disinfection 
main contractile vacuole 
cell sap, sap 
nectar-secreting flower 
nectar gland 
paraphysis 
succulent 

vacuole, cell cavity 
sap flow 

movement of sap 
siliceous leaf 
Cycaa sp. 
sage 

nitrophyte 
nitric acid 
salt-secreting gland 
halophyte 
hydrochloric acid 
seed 
ovule 

distinguishable by the seed 
cotyledon 

the flowers of FiciLS which are 
not pollinated by the wasp 
episperm, perisperm, seed coat 
operculum 
mesoblast 



98 



13 



Sameneiweiss n 
Samenfaden m 
Samenfähigkeit f 

samenflügelig a 
Samengehäuse n 

Samenhäufchen n 
Samenhaut f 
Samenhülle f 
Samenhülse f 
Samenjahr n 
Samenkapsel f 
Samenkelch m 
Samenkern m 
Samenknospe f 
Samenkrönchen n 
Samenlappen m 
Samenleiste f 
Samenmantel m * 
Samenmutterzelle f 
Samennaht f 
Samenpflanze f 
Samenschale f 
Samenschildchen n 
Samenschopf m 
Samenschuppe f 
Samenstaub m 
Samenträger m 
Samenzapfen m 
Sammelart f 
Sammelfrucht f 
Sammelpusule f 



Sammelspringfrucht f 
Sammelsteinfrucht f 



endosperm 

spermatozoid 

age of plant when flowering 
begins 

wing-fruited 

core, receptacle (of bryo- 
phytes), seedcase, pericarp 

sorus (of ferns) 

seed-coat, tegument 

episporium, testa 

pod, husk, hull 

fruiting year 

capsule 

seed-cup 

sperm, nucleus 

ovule 

coronule, pappus 

cotyledon 

placenta 

aril 

spermatocyst 

raphe 

seed plant 

testa 

scutellum 

seedtuft, coma 

ovuliferous scale 

pollen 

placenta 

cone 

collective species 

syncarp 

the smaller one of the con- 
tractile vacuoles in the cell 
of the Peridineae 

syncarpous dehiscent fruit 

pyrenarium 



99 



Sammelzelle f 
Sammetblatt n 
sammethaarig a 
Sandboden m • 
Sandpflanze f 
Sandriedgras n 
Sanduhrzelle f 

Sandelbaumgewächse n pl 
Sattel m 
Sattelschaft m 
Saubohne f 
Sauerampfer m 
Sauerdorngewächse n pl 
Sauerklee m 
Sauerkleegewächse n pl 
Sauerstoff m 
Sauerstoffatmung f 
Saughaar n 
saugnapfähnlich a 
Saugorgan n 
Saugscheibenranke f 
Saugschlauch m 
Saugschuppe f 
Saugwurzel f 
Saugzweig m 
Säulchen n 
Säule f 

säulenförmig a 
Säulenstamm m 
Säulenwurzel f 
Säulenzelle f 
Saum m 

Saumtracheide f 
Säureeiweiss n 
Säurewechsel m 
Schacht m 



collective cell 

velvety leaf 

holosericeous 

sandy soil 

psammophyte 

sedge, Carex muricata 

hourglass type of cell in seed 

testa 
Santalaceae 
saddle (Isoetes) 
saddle graft 
Vicia Faba 
sorrel 

Berberidaceae 
sorrel, Oxalis stricia 
Oxalidaceae 
oxygen 

aerobic respiration 
absorbing hair 
discoid 
haustorium 

tendril with adhesive disk 
haustorium 

water-absorbing trichome 
absorbing root, haustorium 
haustorium 
small column 
column 
columnar 

columnar stem (palm) 
stilt root, prop root 
columnar sclereid 
margin 

marginal ray cell 
acid protein 
change in acidity 
shaft (of stomate) 



100 



Schachtelhalm m 
Schafgarbe f 
Schaft m 
Schale f 
schalenartig a 
Schalfrucht f 
schalig a 
Schalwunde f 
scharf a 
scharfkantig a 
schattenbedürftig a 
Schattenblatt n 
schattenertragend a 
Schattenholz n 



Schattenpflanze f 
Schauapparat m 

Schaufel f 
Schaumtheorie f 
Scheibe f 
Scheibenblüte f 
Scheibendrehflügler m 

scheibenförmig a 
Scheibenpilz m 
Scheide f 
Scheidenblatt n 
Scheidenknospe f 
Scheidenknoten m 
Scheidewand f 
Scheidewandbildung f 

scheidewandbrüchig a 
scheidewandspaltig a 
Scheinachse f 



horsetail, Equisetum sp. 

yarrow, Achillea millefolium 

scape 

valve (in diatoms) 

saucerlike 

caryopsis 

scaly 

bark wound 

acrid, sharp 

acute-angled 

shade-requiring 

heliophobous leaf 

shade -enduring 

shade plant (one with leaves 

containing many chloro- 

plasts) 
shade-loving plant 
attraction apparatus, lure for 

insects 
palet (of translator) 
foam theory 
disk 

disk flower 
seeds or fruits with Aspidio- 

spermus type of wings 
disk-shaped 
discomycete 
volva, vagina 
spathe, sheathing leaf 
adventitious bud 
node (of grass) 
dissepiment, septum 
wall-formation (between two 

daughter cells) 
septifragal 
septicidal 
sympodium 



101 



Scheinähre f 
Scheinbeere f 

Scheindolde f 
Scheinfrucht f 
Scheinfuss m 
Scheinhefe f 
Scheinkern m 
Scheinnectarium n 
Scheinparenchym n 
Scheinquirl m 
Scheinsaftblume f 
Scheinschmarotzer m 
Scheinschülferchen n 
Scheintüpfel m 
Scheinwirtel m 
Scheinzwiebel f 
Scheitel m 
Scheitelkante f 
Scheitelstrang m 



Scheitelwachstum n 
Scheitelzelle f 
Schichtzelle f 
schiefliegend a 
Schierling m 
Schierlingstanne f 
Schiffchen n 
Schildchen n 
schildförmig a 
Schildkraut n 
Schilfgräser n pl 
schilferig a 
Schimmel m 
Schimmelpilz m 
Schimmelrasen m 



cymose spike 
sphalerocarpium, accessory 

fruit 
cyme 

spurious fruit 
pseudopodium 
mycelial cyst 
false heart 
false nectary 
pseudoparenchyma 
false whorl 

flower with false nectaries 
epiphyte 
false scale 
false pit 
verticillaster 
aerial tuber 
apex 

row of apical cells 
vascular bundle in the indu- 

sium of the Hymenophyl- 

laceae 
apical growth 
apical cell 
tapetum 
oblique 

hemlock, Conium sp. 
hemlock-spruce 
keel 

scutellum, scutiform leaf 
peltate 

skullcap, Scutellaria sp. 
Arundinaceae 
lepidote 
mold 

mold fungus 
fur-like growth of mold 



102 



Schirm m 
Schirmflieger m 

Schirmform f 
Schirmhaar n 
Schirmrispe f 
schizogen a 
Schizostel m 
Schlafbewegung f 
schlafendes Auge n 
Schlafmohn m 

Schlafstellung f 
schlangenartig a 
Schlangenwurz f 
Schlauch m 

Schlauchalgae f pl 
schlauchartig a 
Schlauchblatt n 
Schlaucherzeuger m 
Schlauchfasergewebe n 
Schlauchfrucht f 
Schlauchkapsel f 
Schlauchkopf m 
Schlauchpilz m 
Schlehdorn m 
Schleier m 
Schleierchen n 
Schleifenblume f 
Schleimendosperm n 
Schleimepidermis f 
Schleimfrucht f 



Schleimgang m 
Schleimgewebe n 



umbel 

seed or fruit with Asteroceph- 
alus type of wings 

umbrella form 

umbrella-shaped hair 

umbel-like panicle, corymb 

schizogenous 

broken stele 

nyctotrophic movement 

dormant bud 

common poppy, Papaver som- 
niferum 

nocturnal position 

serpentine 

wild calla, Calla palustris 

metamorphosed container, as- 
cus, utricle 

Siphon-algae 

saccate 

ascidiform leaf 

ascogonium 

ascogenous hyphae 

ascus fruit, utriculus 

sacellus 

slime plug 

ascomycete 

Prunus spinosa 

veil, indusium 

indusium 

Iberis amara 

mucilaginous endosperm 

mucilaginous epidermis 

fruit provided with slime 
cells for forcible ejection of 
the seeds 

mucilaginous canal 

mucilaginous tissue 



103 



schleimig a 
Schleimkork m 
Schleimkrankheit f 
Schleimorgan n 



Schleimpapilla f 
Schleimpilz m 
Schleimranke f 



Schleimschicht f 
Schleimzelle f 
Schleppgeissel f 
Schleuderklette f 
Schleuder f 
Schliessfrucht f 
Schliesshaut f 
Schliessring m 

Schliesszelle f 
schlingläufig a 
Schlingpflanze f 
Schlund m 

Schlundkranz m 
Schlundschuppe f 
Schlupfwespenblume f 

Schlüsselblumengewächse n pl 
Schlusszelle f 

Schmarotzer m 
Schmetterlingsblütler m pl 
Schmierbrand m 
Schminkbohne f 



mucilaginous 
mucilaginous periderm 
slime disease 
slime cell or aggregation of 

slime cells found in the thal- 

lus of Marchantia 
modified epidermal cells 
myxomycete 

mucilaginous thread in inter- 
cellular spaces of roots of 

certain orchids 
layer of mucilage 
mucilaginous cell 
backward-directed cilium 
bur fruit 
elater 

achene, cleistocarp 
closing membrane of pit 
basal cells of tubular air 

chamber (in Marchantia) 
guard cell 
brachydodromous 
liana, twining plant 
throat (of tubular calyx or 

corolla) 
corona 

scale (of throat of corolla) 
flower pollinated by Ichneu- 

monidae 
Primulaceae 
one of the first two daughter 

cells of the hypophysis 
parasite 
Leguminosae 
stinking smut 
kidney bean, Phaseolus multi' 

florus 



104 



Schnabelzelle f 

Schnallenbrücke f 
Schneckenblütler m 
schneckenförmig a 
schneckenförmig gerollt a 
Schneeball m 

Schneebeere f 
Schneeschimmel m 
schnelllebig a 

Schnittfläche f 
Schöllkraut n 
Schopfblätter n pl 

Schorf m 
Schoss m 

Schösslingskraut n* 
Schötchen n 
Schote f 

Schotengewächs n 
Schotenpfeffer m 
Schrägzeile f 
schräggegittert a 
schrägzygomorphe Blüte f 
Schraubel f 
Schraubelwickel m 
Schraubenblatt n 
Schraubendrehflügler m pl 

schraubenförmige Aufrol- 
lung f 
Schraubengefäss n 
Schreckbewegung f 

Schreckfarbe f 



beaklike cell below the pore of 
certain stomates 

clamp connection 

flower pollinated by snails 

helicoid 

circinate 

arrow wood, Viburnum Opu- 
lus 

snowberry 

white mold 

rapidly completing the life- 
cycle 

cut surface 

celandine, Chelidomum majus 

crowded leaves around the sex 
organs of mosses 

scab 

shoot, sprout 

large rosette plant 

silicule 

silique 

leguminous plant 

red pepper. Capsicum sp. 

parastiche 

clathrate 

oblique zygomorphic flower 

bostryx, helicoid cyme 

bostryx-cincinnus 

screw-like leaf 

seeds or fruits with Fraxinus 
type of wings 

corkscrew spiral 

spiral element 

phobismus, repulsive move- 
ment 
warning color 



105 



schrotsägeförmig a 
Schubfestigkeit f 
Schülfer f 
Schülferhaar n 
Schüppchen n 
Schuppe f 
schuppenartig a 
Schuppenblatt n 
Schuppenborke f 
Schuppendrüse f 
Schuppenhaar n 
Schuppenhülle f 
Schuppennarbe f 
Schüttekrankheit f 
Schüttelfrüchtler m pl 



Schuttkraut n 
Schuttpflanze f 

Schutzmittel n 
Schutzscheide f 
Schutzspross m 
Schwammgewebe n 
schwammig a 
Schwärmerblume f 

SchwarmsporEwigium n 
Schwarmspore f 
Schwarmstäbchen n 
Schwarmzelle f 
Schwarzbeinigkeit f 
Schwarzfichte f 
Schwarzkiefer f 
Schwarzpappel f 
Schwebefliegenblume f 
Schwefelkalkbrühe f 



runcinate 

shearing strength 

scale hair 

lepis 

lodicule 

scale, squama 

scaly 

scaly leaf 

rhytidome 

patelliform gland 

scale-like hair 

tegmen 

budscale scar 

timber shake, leaf cast 

plants which produce seed in 

capsules dispersed when 

tree is shaken by the wind 
goosefoot, Chenopodium sp. 
plant growing on. rubbish 

heaps 
means of protection 
endodermis 
protective branch 
spongy tissue 
spongy 
flower which is pollinated by 

darters 
zoösporangium 
swarmspore 
elongated swarm cell 
zoospore 
blackleg disease 
spruce, Picea nigra 
pine, Pinus austriaca 
poplar, Populus nigra 
flower pollinated by Syrphids 
lime-sulphur spray mixture 



106 



14 



Schwefelkohlenstoff m 
Schwellenwert m 

Schwellgewebe n 

Schwellkörper m 
Schwellpolster n 
Schwellwasser n 
Schwerkraftwirkung f 
Schwerreiz m 
Schwertlilie f 

Schwertliliengewächse n pl 
Schwesterart f 
Schwiele f 

Schwimmbewegung f 
Schwimmblatt n 
Schwimmfrucht f 



Schwimmgewebe n 
Schwimmholz n 



schwinden v 
Schwindriss m 
Schwingel m 
Schwingelgras n 
Sklerenchymbeleg m 
Seeblüte f 



Seegras n 

Seekohl m 

Seerosengewächse n pl 
Segel n 
Segelflieger m pl 



carbon bisulphide 

minimum stimulus necessary 

for reaction 
tissue which elongates when 

pressure is removed 
lodicule 
pulvinus 
distension water 
influence of gravity 
gravity stimulus 
fleur-de-lis, Iris sp. 
Iridaceae 

sister species, biologic species 
callus, foodhairs 
ciliary movement 
floating leaf 

a fruit or seed which is cap- 
able of floating on the water 

for a certain time 
aërenchyma 
submerged wood which is 

made up in large part of 

aërenchyma 
to shrink 
season crack 
fescue grass, Festuca sp. 
Festuca sp. 

sclerenchymatous pericycle 
appearance of water at the 

time of pollenshedding of 

gymnosperms 
grass wrack, sea wrack, Zos- 

tera marina 
sea kale 
Nymphaeaceac 
velum 
seeds or fruits with the Za- 

nonia type of wings 



107 



Sehne f 
seicht a 

seichtgründiger Boden m 
Seide f 
Seidelbast m 
Seidenhaar n 
seidenhaarig a 
Seidenpflanzengewächse n pl 
Seifenkraut n 
Seifenbaumgewächse n pl 
Seitenachse f 
Seitenast m 
seitenfrüchtig a 
Seitennerv m 
seitenständig a 
Seitenwurzel f 
seitenwurzlig a 
Seitenpross m 
seitig a 

Sekretbehälter m 
Selbstanpassung f 
Selbstbefruchtung f 
Selbstbestäubung f 
Selbstdifferenzierung f 
Sellerie m,f 
Semesterring m 
Senf m 
Senfkohl m 
Senker m 

Senkervermehrung f 
Septaldrüse f 

seriale Beiknospe f 



Serradella f 
sich werfen v 



tangential surface 

shallow 

soil with high water-table 

dodder, Cuscuta sp. 

mazereum, Daphne mezereum 

silky hair 

sericeous 

Asclepiadaceae 

soapweed 

Sapindaceae 

lateral axis 

lateral branch 

pleurocarpous 

lateral vein 

lateral 

lateral root 

pleurorhizal 

lateral shoot 

lateral 

gland 

direct adaptation 

self-fertilization 

self-pollination 

automorphosis 

celery 

secondary ring (in trees) 

mustard, Brassica sp. 

nmstard, turnip, Brassica sp. 

haustorium, layer 

layering 

septal gland (in ovary of 

monocots) 
supra-axillary bud (directly 

above or below the normal 

axillary bud) 
Orniihopus sp. 
to warp 



108 



Sichel f 
sichelförmig a 
Sichtbarwerden v 
Siebenstern m 
Siebgefäss n 
Siebplatte f 
Siebröhre f 
Siebteil m 
Siebteilspaltung f 
Siebtüpfel m 
Siedepunkt m 
Simsengewächse n pl 
Sinnesorgan n 
Sinneszelle f 
Sippe f 

Sippengemisch n 
sitzend a 
Sockel m 
Sommerholz n 
Sommerlaubfall m 
Sommerspore f 

Sommerwald m 

Sommerwurzgewächse n pl 
Sonnenblatt n 
Sonnenblume f 
Sonnenpflanze f 

Sonnenbrand m 
Sonnentau m 
Sonnentaugewächse n pl 
Soredienanflug m 

Sortenempfindlichkeit f 
Spahn m 



drepanium 

crescent shaped, falcate 

to become visible 

Trientalis Europae 

sievetube 

sieveplate 

sievetube 

conducting cells of phloem 

cleft in phloem 

sieveplate 

boiling point 

Juncaceae 

sense organ, tactile organ 

sensory cell, tactile cell 

relation (systematic unit of 
any degree) 

population 

sessile 

pedestal of hair 

spring wood 

summer leafdrop 

temporary spore which ger- 
minates at once 

tropophyllous forest of a cold 
temperate region 

Orobanchaceae 

heliophilous leaf 

sunflower 

plant with leaves which con- 
tain few chloroplasts 

sunscald 

sundew, Drosera sp. 

Droseraceae 

soredium, brood bud (of 
lichens) 

varietal susceptibility 

shaving of wood 



109 



Spalierwuchs m 
Spaltalgae f pl 
Spaltbarkeit f 
Spaltfrucht f 
Spaltöffnung f 
Spaltpflanze f 
Spaltpfropfen n 
Spaltpilz m 
Spalttüpfel m 
Spaltung f 
Spaltungsatmung f 
Spaltungsregel f 
Spaltwand f 
Spaltwunde f 
spanisches Rohr n 
Spannfäden m pl 



spannrückig a 
Spargel m 
spateiförmig a 
Spätholz n 
Specialmutterzelle f 

specificierte Anlage f 
specifischer Bildungstrieb m 
Speiche f 
Speicherblatt n 
Speichergewebe n 
Speicherorgan n 
Speicherspross m 
Speichertracheide f 
Speicherwurzel f 
Speicherzelle f 
Speisepilz m 
Spelz m 
Spermakern m 



espaliar growth- 

Cyanophyceae 

cleavability 

schizocarp 

stomate 

schizophyte 

cleft-grafting 

bacterium 

slit-like pit 

segregation, cleavage 

anaerobic respiration 

law of segregation 

schizogenous. wall 

cleft-wound 

rattan 

threads which connect colum- 
ella with wall in large hy- 
pophysis of certain mosses 

asymmetric 

asparagus 

spathulate 

summer wood, late wood 

tetrad of cells which develop 
the four spores 

determined primordium 

automorphosis 

bar 

storage leaf 

storage tissue 

storage organ 

storage shoot 

storage tracheid 

storage root 

storage cell 

edible fungus 

glume 

sperm nucleus 



110 



spermatoide Spore f 
sperrig a 
Spiegel m 

Spiegelfaser f 
Spiegelnarbe f 



Spiegelseite f 
Spielart f 
spiessförmig a 
Spindel f 
Spindelfaser f 
Spindelfigur f 
spindelförmig a 
Spiraldrehung f 
Spiralgefäss n 
Spiralstellung f 
Spiraltracheide f 
Spirre f 
Spitzahorn m 
Spitzchen n 
Spitzenanhängsel n 

Spitzenaposporie f 
Spitzenwachstum n 
Spitzknospe f 
spitzläufig 
Splint m 
Splintholz n 
spontane Änderung f 
spontane Bewegung f 
spontane Selbstbestäubung f 
spontane Variation f 

Sporangiumfrucht f 
Sporangiumgrube f 



spore (budding in ascus) 

loosened (soil) 

mirror (effect produced by 
medullary rays) 

medullary ray 

* mirror-stigma' (a type of 
stigmatic surface in certain 
orchids) 

radial section 

subvariety 

hastate 

rachis 

spindle fiber 

nuclear spindle 

fusiform 

spiralism 

spiral element 

spiral arrangement 

spiral element 

anthela 

maple, Acer platanoides 

apiculus 

tip of ventral lobe of Mar- 
chantia 

apical apospory 

apical growth 

terminal bud 

acrodromous 

sapwood 

sapwood 

single variation, mutation 

autogenic movement 

direct autogamy 

mutation, spontaneous varia- 
tion 

sporocarpium (Marsilia) 

fovea 



111 



Sporangiumträger m 
Sporangienhäufchen n 
Sporenbehälter m 
Sporenblatt n 
Sporenfrucht f 
Sporenhaut f 
Sporenhülle f 
Sporenknospe f 
Sporenkörper m 

Sporenmutterzelle f 
Sporenschlauch m 
Sporenschleuderer m 
Sporenvorkeim m 
Sporenzelle f 
Spörgel m 
Sporn m 
Sporogonfuss m 
Sporophyllähre f 
Sporophyllhöcker m 
Sporophyllstiel m 
Spreite f 
spreizend a 
Spreizklimmer m 

Spreublatt n 
Spreuhaar n 
Spreuschuppe f 
Springfrucht f 

sprokes Holz n 
Spross m 
Sprossachse f 
Sprossanlagc f 
sprossbürtige Wurzel f 
Sprossdorn m 
Sprossfolge f 



sporophyll 

sorus 

sporecase 

sporophyll 

sporocarp 

sporodermis 

spore coat 

female organ (of Chara) 

the row of teleutospores in 

Phragmidium 
spore mother cell 
ascus 
eläter 

prothallium 
spore tetrad 

spurrey, Spergula arvensis 
spur 

foot (of Hepaticae) 
sporophyll axis 
sporophyll primordium 
pedicel 

leaf blade, lamina 
divaricate 
a climbing or crawling woody 

plant 
palea 
lacina 
palet 
dehiscent apocarp or syncarp, 

pod 
brittle wood 
shoot 

stem of shoot 
shoot primordium, plumule 
adventitious root 
stem thorn 
succession of shoots 



112 



Sprossglied n 


phyton, phytomer 


Sprosskeimung f 


budding 


Sprosspilz in 


yeast fungus 


Sprossranke f 


tendril which is morphologi- 




cally a stem 


Sprossspitze f 


stein apex 


Sprossung f 


budding 


Sprungvariation f 


mutation 


Stäbchenüberzug m 


cuticle consisting of rodlike 




particles 


Stabzelle f 


columnar sclereid 


Stachel m 


prickle 


Stachelbeere f 


gooseberry 


Stachelschwamm m 


Hydnum 


stachelspitzig a 


mucronate 


Stamm m 


stem 


Stammdorn m 


stem thorn 


stammeigener Strang m 


cauline bundle 


stammeigenes Gefäss- 


common stem-bundle 


bündel n 




Stammglied n 


internode, internodal cell 


Stammgrübchen n 


lenticel 


Stammholz n 


trunk wood 


Stammknospe f 


plumule 


Stammscheitel m 


apek of stem 


Stammvegetationspunkt m 


growing point of stem 


Starkebaum m 


starch tree ' 


Stärkebildner m 


leucoplast 


Stärkeknöllchen n 


root tubercle (in Hepaticae) 


Stärkescheide f 


endodermis 


Stärkezuwachs m 


diameter increment 


Starre f 


rigor 


Starrheit f 


rigor 


Staubbeutel m 


anther 


Staubblatt n 


stamen 


Staubblatthaar n 


stamen hair 


staubblattvorreif a 


protandrous 



113 



Staubbrand m 
Staubfaden m 
Staubflieger m 

Staubgefäss n . 
Staubgrüßchen n 
Stäubling m 
Staubweg m 
Stauchung m 
Staude f 
Staudengewächs n 

stechend a 
Stechpalme f 
Steckling m 
stehenbleibend a 
stehende Markstrahlzelle f 
Stehwasserblatt n 
steifborstig a 
steifhaarig a 
steile Windung f 
Steilwerden n 
Steinapfel m 

Steinbeere f 
steinbewohnend a 
Steinborke f 

Steinbrand m 
Steinbrech m 
Steinbrechgewächse n pl 
Steinelement n 
Steinfrucht f 
Steinkern in 

Stcinkörper m 



loose smut 

filament 

spore (of Cryptogams), pollen 
grain 

stamen 

lenticel, ventilating pit 

puff-ball 

style 

shortened shoot 

woody (or herbaceous) peren- 
nials with more or less de- 
ciduous branches 

pungent, sharp 

holly, Ilex sp. 

cutting 

persistent 

erect ray cell 

erect submerged leaf 

hispid 

hirsute 

close coil 

contraction (of spiral) 

pome-like fruit in which each 
locule forms a stone 

drupe 

growing on stones and rocks 

stone-cork, phellem changed 
into sclereids 

stinking smut 

saxifrage, Saxifraga sp. 

Saxifragaceae 

stone cell, sclereid 

drupe 

putamen, pyrene, hardened 
endo carp or pericarp 

stone cell or cluster of stone 
cells 



114 



15 



Steinkraut n 
Steinthylle f 
Steinzellenkork m 
Stelzenwurzel f 
Stempel m 
Stempelmündung f 
Stempelträger m 
Stengel m 
Stengelglied n 
Stengelknolle f 



Stengelranke f 

stengelumfassend a 
Steppenhexe f 
Steppenläufer m 
Sternhaar n 
sternotrib a 
Sternschuppe f 
Stichkultur f 
Stickstoff m 
Stiefmütterchen n 
Stiel m 

Stielchen n 
stielrund a 
stieltellerförmig a 
Stielzelle f 
Stipulardorn m 
Stipulargrübchen n 
Stirnfläche f 
Stock m 
Stockwerk n 
StofTableitung f 
Stoffaufnahme f 
Stoffaustausch m 



Alyssum sp. 

stone tylosis 

cork made up of stone cells 

stilt root, prop root 

pistil 

stigma 

gynophore 

stem 

internode 

tuber consisting of shortened 
internodes, or of rhizoids 
(Chara) 

tendril which is morphologi- 
cally a stem 

sheathing 

tumble weed 

stellate hair 

sternotribal 

stellate brood scale 

stab-culture 

nitrogen 

pansy 

handle of retinaculum, stalk, 

seta 
small stipe, petiolule 
terete 

salver-shaped 
stalk cell 
stipulate spine 
lenticel 
end face 
caudex 
tier, etage 
translocation 
intake of substances 
exchange of substances 



115 



8toffaustritt . . 
Stoffhaushalt m 
Stopfzelle f 
Storchschnabel m 
Storchschnabelgewächse n pi 
Stossreizbarkeit f 
Stossreizstellung f 

Stossreizung f 

Strahlenbüschel n 
strahlend a 
Strahlenfilter n 
strahlennervig a 
Strahlenparenchym n 

strahlige Blüte f 
Strang m 
Stranggewebe n 

Strangscheide f 
Strangverbindung f 
Strauch m 
Strauchflechte f 
Strauchgras n 
Strauchwuchs m 
Strebezelle f 

Streckungsphase f 
Streckungswachstum n 
Streifekrankheit f 
Streifenrost m 
Streufrucht f 
Strichelchen n 
Strichkultur f 
Striegelhaar n 
stricgelhaarig a 



loss of cell content 

metabolism 

tylosis 

geranium 

Geraniaceae 

sensitiveness to shock 

position of organ after stimu- 
lation through shock 

stimulation by shock or con- 
tact 

tuft 

radiating 

ray filter 

palmately veined 

ray parenchyma, medullary 
ray 

actinomorphic flower 

vein, vascular strand 

vascular bundle, vascular sys- 
tem 

bundle sheath 

commissural strand 

shrub 

fruticose lichen 

bent grass, Agrostis sp. 

shrubby growth 

supporting cell, idioblast, 
prop cell 

elongation period 

elongation 

streak disease 

streak rust 

dehiscent fruit 

stria 

stroke-culture 

bristle hair 

strigose 



116 



Strohwüchsigkeit f 
Strömungsblatt n 

stumpfkantig a 
Stütze f 
Stützblatt n 
Stützhypha f 
Stützleiste f 



Stützpflanze f 



Stützwurzel f 
Subformation f 
Subhymenialschicht f 
Suchspross m 
Sumpf m 
Sumpfdotterblume f 

Sumpfgebüsch n 
Sumpfmoor n 
Sumpfpflanze f 
Sumpfschachtelhalm m 
Sumpfwald m 
Sumpfwiese f 
Süsswassersumpf m 



luxurious growth of straw 

submerged leaf which is flat 
and attenuated 

obtuse angled 

support 

subtending bract 

sterigma in young pycnidium 

''s" shaped thickened mem- 
brane above cell wall of 
gland 

plant which serves as support 
but not as host for other 
plants' 

prop root 

faciès 

subhymenium 

seeker shoot 

swamp 

marsh marigold, Caltha pal- 
ustris 

bog 

meadow swamp 

helophyte 

horsetail, Eqxnsetum sp. 

bog 

meadow swamp 

fresh-water bog 



Tabak m 
tafelförmig a 
täglich a 
Tagesperiode f 
Tagesschlaf m 
Tagesstellung f 
Tagfalterblume f 



tobacco 
tabular 
diurnal 

daily periodicity 
diurnal position 
epistrophy 

flower pollinated by butter 
flies 



117 



Tang m 

Tannenbaumhaar n 
Tannenhexenbesen m 
Tapete f 
Tapetenzelle f 
Tasche f 
Tastreiz m 
Tasttüpfel m 
Taublatt n 

Taubnessel f 
Tauchpflanze f 
Taumelkerbel m 
Tauschblume f 



Teerfleckenkrankheit f 
Teilband n 

Teilcylinder m 
Teilfrucht f 

Teilfunction f 
Teilhaar n 
Teilnuss f 

Teilungsanomalium n 
Teilungsgewebe n 
Teilwand f 
Terminalblüte f 
Terminalknospe f 
Tälchen n 
Thallusgehäuse n 
Thallusrand m 
Thonboden m 
Thonfilter n 
Thonsteppe f 
Thylle f 



growth of brown algae 

abietiform hair 

witch's broom of fir 

tapetum 

tapetal cell 

plumpocket disease 

contact stimulus 

tactile pit 

leaf adapted for absorption ot 

dew 
dead nettle, Lamiun sp. 
submerged plant 
Chaerophyllum temulum 
flower pollinated by insects 

which are attracted by false 

showy nectaries 
tarspot disease 
partial band of spiral wall 

thickening 
schizostele 
diachenium, cremocarp, mero- 

carp 
subsidiary function 
component hair 
carcerule 

anomalous division 
meristem 
division wall 
terminal flower 
terminal bud 
furrow, small valley 
amphithecium 
a type of prothallus 
clay soil 
clay filter 
clay prairie 
tylosis 



118 



Tiefschorf m 
Tierblütler m pi 
Tierfrûchtler m pi 

Tierpflanze f 
Tochterchromosom m 
tomienformig a 
Torfboden m 
Trabeculargewebe n 
Tracheidensaum m 
Tragantpflanze f 
Träger m 



Trägerzelle f 
Tragblatt n 
Tragknospe f 
Tragzelle f 
Trampelklette f 



Tränen n 

Transfusionsgewebe n 
Transversalblatt n 



Traube f 
Traubenform f 
Traubenkirsche f 
Traubenkörper m 
Traubenwickel m 
traubig a 

Trauerblumengewächse n pi 
Trauerform f 
Träufelspitze f 

treiben v 



deep scab 

Zoïdogamae 

plants adapted for distribu- 
tion by animals 

phytozoic plant 

daughter chromosome 

barrel-shaped 

humus soil 

lacunar tissue 

transfusion tissue 

milk vetch, Astragalus sp. 

girdle, receptacle (of Asco- 
mycetes), suspensor (of Mu- 
cor) 

cell containing cystoliths 

subtending leaf 

inflorescence bud 

stalk cell 

bur which is distributed by 
clinging to the feet of ani- 
mals 

bleeding 

transfusion tissue 

median leaf of lateral shoot 
especially prominent in a 
decussate primordium 

raceme, bunch of grapes 

raceme-like form 

cherry, Prunus Padus 

cystolith 

botryose cyme 

botryoidal 

Diapensiaceae 

drooping habit 

leaf attenuated to provide for 
rapid drainage of water 

to force, to sprout 



119 



Treiben der Knospe 
Treibfrucht f 

Treiblaubfall m 



Treibsamen m 

Treibstoff m 

Treibverfahren n 
Trennschicht f 
Trennung f 
Trennungsphelloid n 
Trennungsschicht f 
Treppengefäss n 
Treppenhoftüpfel m 
Treppentracheide f 
Trespe f 
Trichter m 
Triebpflanze f 

Triebwurzel f 

Trockenästung f 

Trockenfäule f 
Trockenfrucht f 
Trockenpflanze f 
Trockenriss m 
Trockenstarre f 
Trockensubstanz f 
Trompetenbaum m 
tropfbarflüssig a 
tropisch a 

tropischer Lithoralwald m 
Trophoplast m 



gemmation, bursting of buds 

fruit carried by water cur- 
rents 

partial shedding of leaves 
just before new buds open 
(in evergreen Angiosperms) 

seeds distributed by water 
currents 

substance which brings about 
shortening of the rest period 

method of forcing 

absciss layer 

separation, abscission 

absciss layer of rhytidome 

absciss layer 

scalariform vessel 

bordered pit 

scalariform tracheid 

brome grass, Bromus sp. 

funnel (of hydathodes) 

perennial with short annual 
shoots 

the main or large root of a 
plant 

heading when branches are 
dead 

dry rot 

dry fruit 

xerophyte 

checking, cracks due to drying 

drought rigor 

dry weight 

catalpa 

liquid 

tropical 

mangrove forest 

plastid 



120 



Trübungstoff m 
Trugdolde f 
Trupp m 
Tulpenbaum m 
Tüpfel m 
Tüpfelgewebe n 
Tüpfelkanal m 
Tüpfelraum m 
Tüpfelschliesshaut f 
Turgorspannung f 



übereinandergerollt a 
Übergang m 
Übergangsform f 
Übergangswiderstand m 



Übergangszelle f 
übergerollt a 
Überkrümmung f 
Überpflanze f 
Überschwemmungsblatt n 



überwallen v 
Uferflora f 
Uhrfederranke f 
Uhrfederranker m 

Ulmengewächse n pl 
Umbelliferae 
Umbelliferenfrucht f 
Umbildung f 
umgebogen a 
umgeformt a 



turbid substance 

cyme 

small group of trees 

tulip tree 

pit 

pitted tissue 

pit canal 

pit chamber 

closing membrane of pit 

turgor 



U 



convolute 

crossing-over, transition 

transition form 

resistance produced by an 
opposite electromotor force 
on the boundary of two 
phases 

transition cell, tracheid 

convolute 

excessive curvature 

epiphyte 

leaf which can survive flood- 
ing due to its structure and 
shape 

to heal over 

shore vegetation 

watchspring tendril 

plant bearing watchspring- 
like tendrils 

Ulmaceae 

parsley family 

Umbellifer fruit 

metamorphosis 

recurved 

transformed 



121 



umgeschlagen a 
umgestaltender Reiz m 
umgewendet a 
Umladung f 
Umriss m 

Umschaltungsreiz m 
umschlagende Sippe f 
umständig a 
Umstimmung f 
umstrickter Holzkörper m 
Undurchlässigkeit f 
Unebenheit f 
unecht a 
unfruchtbar a 
ungefärbt a 
ungegliedert a 
ungeschlechtig a 
ungeschlossen a 
ungeteilt a 
ungleichartig a 
ungleichwimperig a 
Unkraut n 
unmittelbar a 
unter- a 
Unterart f 
Unterblatt n 

unterbrochen a 
Unterhautgewebe n 
Unterkühlung f 
Unterlage f 
Unterlager n 

Unterlippe f 
Untcrrasse f 

Unterschiedsempfindlich- 
keit f 



reduplicate 

metamorphic stimulus 

anatropous 

change in potential 

the entire margin (of a leaf) 

switching stimulus 

eversporting variety 

perigynous 

dichogeny 

corded wood 

impermeability 

irregularity 

false 

sterile, unfruitful 

colorless, achromatic 

nonarticulated 

asexual 

open 

nonseptate, undivided 

heterogeneous, dissimilar 

with unequal cilia 

weed 

direct 

abaxial 

subspecies, variety 

ventral lobe, the lower part of 

a leaf-primordium 
broken, interrupted 
hypodermis 
under-cooling 
stock (in grafting) 
prothallus primordial meri- 

stem 
lower lip 
subvariety 
degree of sensitiveness to 

stimulus 



122 



16 



Unterschiedsschwelle f 

unterschlächtig a 
unterschwellig a 

unterständig a 
unwesentlicher Spross m 



Urblatt n 
Urfaden m 
Urleitbündel n 
Urmeristem n 
Urne f 
Urwald m 



threshold of perceptibility of 

difference 
incubous (leaf of liverworts) 
giving- secondary response to 

stimulus 
inferior, hypogynous 
shoot which only increases 

photosynthetic area but 

which is not needed for 

fruiting 
primordial leaf 
protonema 
central cylinder 
promeristem 
urn (in moss capsule) 
virgin forest 



Vacuolenhaut f 
Vacuolenhöhle f 
Vacuolenwand f 
Val'iationsbreite f 
Variationsmerkmal n 
Vasalpriman m 
Vasalteil m 
Vegetationskegel m 
Vegetationskuppe f 
Vegetationspunkt m 
Vegetationsring m 
vegetieren v 
Veilchengewächse n pl 
Ventralfurche f 
Ventralschuppe f 
Veraschung f 
Verästelung f 
Veratmung f • 



tonoplast 

peripheral cavity (Equisetum) 

tonoplast 

range of variation 

varietal character 

protoxylem element 

protoxylem 

vegetation cone 

growing point 

annual ring, annual increment 
to grow 
Violaceae 

ventral suture in ovule 
ventral lobe 
incineration 
branching 

consumption of organic ma- 
terial in respiration 



123 



Verbänderung f 
Verbindungsfaden m 
Verbindungsschlauch m 
verborgen a 
Verbrauchstoff m 
Verbreitungsausrüstung f 

Verbreitungseinheit f 
Verbreitungsmittel n 
Verbrennung f 
Verdauungsdrüse f 
Verdickungsmasse f 
Verdickungsring m 
Verdoppelung f 
Verdunstung f 
Veredelung f 
vereintblätterig a 
vereintläufig a 
Vererbung f 
Vererbungsforschung f 
Vererbungslehre f 
Vererbungsregel f 
Vererbungsstudium n 
Vererbungssubstanz f 
verfilzt a 
Vergeilen n 
verholzen v 
verjüngt a 
Verjüngung f 
Verkalkung f 
verkehrt eiförmig 
verkehrt herzförmig 
verkehrt kegelförmig 
Verkernung f 

Verkiemung f 
Verkieselung f 



fasciation 

median spindle fiber 

nuclear spindle 

inconspicuous, hidden 

tetaplasm 

equipment or vesture for dis- 
semination 

distribution unit 

means of distribution 

combustion, incineration 

digestive gland 

secondary thickening 

annual ring 

doubling 

evaporation 

budding, grafting 

gamophyllous 

separate 

inheritance 

study of heredity 

genetics 

developmental law of heredity 

inheritance study 

idioplasm 

matted 

etiolation 

to lignify 

attenuate 

rejuvenation, attenuation 

calcification 

obovate 

obcordate 

obconical 

change from sapwood to heart- 
wood 

infiltration of wood with resin 

silicification 



124 



Verkohlung f 

verkoppelte Merkmale n pl 
Verkümmerung f 
Verlaubung f 
verlichten v 
Vermehrung f 
Vermischung f 
Vermoderung f 
Vernarbungsgewebe n 
Vernarbungsmembran f 
Verquellung f 
Verscheinen n 
verschiedengriffelig a 
verschleimt a 
Verschleimung f 
Verschleppungsklette f 

verschlungenfaserig a 
Verschmelzung f 
Verseifung f 
Verspillern n 
Versprossung f 
Versteifung f 
Versteinerung f 
Verstümmelung f 
Verteilkrautgewächse p pl 
Vervollkommnungsprinzip n 
verwachsend a 
verwachsendblätterig a 
Verwachsung f 
Verwandschaftsgrad m 
Verwandschaftsverhältnis n 
Verzweigungsformel f 
Verzwergung f 
vielehig a 
vielkernig a 
vielköpfig a 



carbonization 

coupled characters 

dwarfing, trace, vestige 

frondescence 

to thin out 

reproduction, increase . 

mixing (of characters) 

dry rot 

callus tissue, traumatic tissue 

restitution membrane 

swelling 

blasting 

heterostylic 

mucilaginous 

gelatinization 

bur which clings to hairs or 

feathers of animals 
tortuous 
fusion of parts 
saponification 
etiolation 
proliferation 
stiffening ^ 

sclerenchymatization 
mutilation 
Datiscaceae 
principle of progression 
concrescent 
gamophyllous 
fusion of parts 
degree of relationship 
hereditary relationship 
inflorescence formula 
dwarfing 
polygamous 

multinucleate, coenocytic 
many-headed 



125 



Vielzellbildung f 

Vierlingskörper m 
viersamige Wicke f 
Viertelholz n 
Vogelbeerbaum m 

Vogelblütler m 
Vogelmaser f 
Vogelmiere f 
Vollholzigkeit f 

vollkommene Dominanz f 
Vollzellbildung f 

Vorblatt n 
Vorderseite f 
Vorfaden m 
vorgewölbt a 
Vorhang m 
Vorhof m 
Vorkeim m 
Vorkern m 
Vorlager n 
Vorläuferspitze f 

vorläufige Art f 
vormännlich a 
vorn- a 

vornumläufig a 
Vorspelze f 
vorspringend a 
vorvveiblich a 
Vorwuchs m 



formation of a large number 

of cells 
pollen tetrad 
Ervum tetraspermum 
quartered wood 
mountain ash, Sorhus aucu- 

paria 
orthophyllous flower 
birds-eye grain 
chickweed, Stellaria media 
approach to cylindrical form 

(in tree trunk) 
complete dominance 
dififerentiation of the spores 

in the tetrad 
bract, bracteole (of pedicel) 
antical or adaxial side 
protonema 
arched outward 
cortina 

outer stomatal cavity 
proembryo 
pronucleus 
prothallus 
tip of developing leafprimor- 

dium 
tentative species 
protandrous 
adaxial, antical 
emprosthrodromous 
palet 

projecting 
protogynous 
forest rejuvenation 



126 



w 



Wabenplasma n 
Wabentheorie f 
Wachholder m 
Wachsausscheidung f 
Wachsblatt n 
Wachstumsachse f 
Wachstmnsbewegung f 
Wachstumsdauer f 

Wachstumsgeschwindigkeit f 
Wachstumsgrösse f 
Wachstumskrünmiung f 
Wachstumsmesser m 
Wachstumstetigkeit f 
Wachsüberzug m 
Wachtelweizen m 

Wahlvermögen n 
Wahrscheinlichkeitswert m 
Wald m 
Waldmeister m 
Waldrebe f 

Waldsimse f 
Waldschwingel m 
Waldwurz f 
Wallnussgewachse n pi 
Walzendrehflieger m pi 

walzenförmig 
Wandbeleg m 
wandbrüchig a 
Wanderflechte f 
Wanderknospe f 
Wanderstärke f 
Wandpro topl asm n 



alveolarplasm, trophoplasm 

alveolar theory 

Juniper 

wax secretion 

leaf with waxy cuticle 

longitudinal axis 

nutation 

period between initiation and 

maturity of an organ 
growth velocity 
extent of growth 
growth curvature, nutation 
auxonometer 
active growth 
cuticle 
cow wheat, Melampyrum pra- 

tense 
power of selection 
probable value 
forest 

Asperula odorata 
virgin's bower, Clematis vi- 

talba 
bulrush, Scirpus sylvaticus 
fescue grass, Festuca sylvatica 
angelica, Angelica sylvetris 
Juglandaceae 
plants with Haleis type of 

fruitwings 
cylindrical , 
primordial utricle 
septifragal 
migrating lichen 
hibernacle 
transitory starch 
plasma membrane 



127 



wandspaltig a 
wandständig a 
Wandzellen f pi 
Wärmereiz m 
Warmwasserbeize f 
warzig a 

Wasseraufnahme f 
Wasserausscheidung f 
Wasserblase f 

Wasserblatt n 
Wasserblattgewächse n pi 
Wasserblütler m 
Wasserdrüse f 
Wasserfrüchtler m 

Wassergewebe n 
wasserhaltende Kraft f 
Wasserhand f 

Wasserhaushalt m 
wasserhell a 

Wasserlinsengewächse n pi 
Wasserlohe f 
Wasserpfeffer m 

Wasserpflanze f 
Wasserreis n 
Wasserreiz m 
Wasserrispengras n 

wassersaugend a 
Wasserschlauchgewächse n pi 
Wasscrspalte f 
Wasserverhältnis n 
Wasserversorgung f 
Wasserzinkengewächse n pi 



septicidal 

parietal 

cells lining an internal gland 

heat stimulus 

hot water treatment 

verrucosa 

absorption of water 

excretion of water 

modified epidermal cell for 
water storage 

water-shedding leaf 

Hydrophyllaceae 

hydrophyllous plant 

hydathode 

plant disseminated by water 
currents 

water-bearing tissue 

water-holding capacity 

thoroughwort, Eupatorium 
cannahium 

usage of water in plants 

pellucid 

Lemnaceae 

watershoot 

knotweed, Polyonum hydro- 
piper 

hydrophyte 

watershoot 

moisture stimulus 

manna grass, Glyceria aquat- 
ica 

water-absorbing 

Lentibulariaceae 

water pore 

water relation 

water absorption 

Ceratophyllaceae 



128 



Waugewâchse n pi 
Weberkarde f 
Wechselbefrachtung f 
wechselseitig a 
wechselstandig a 
Wedel m 
Wegerich m 
Wegerichgewächse n pi 
Wegkrümmung f 
Wegwarte f 
wehrlos a 

weibliche Keimzelle f 
Weichbast m 

Weichbastinsel f 

weichhaarig a 
weichstachelig a 

Weide f 

Weidengewächse n pi 
Weidenröschen n 

Weiderichgewächse n pi 
Weinrebengewächse n pi 
Weintraube f 
Weissbirke f 
Weissblättrigkeit f 
Weissbuche f 
Weissdom m 
Weissfäule f 
Weissfichte f 
Weissklee m 
weissrandig a 
Welken n 
welkend a 
Wellenholz n 



Resedaceae 

teasel, Dipsacus fullonum 

dichogamy 

opposite 

alternate 

frond 

plantain, Plantago sp. 

Plantaginaceae 

bending away from a support 

chicory, Cichorium intyhus 

unarmed 

megaspore, embryosac 

soft bast, phloem without 
fibers 

island of soft bast (within 
hard bast) 

pilose, pubescent 

with soft spines, bristles, or 
other projections 

willow 

Salicaceae 

willow-herb, Epilobium an- 
gustifolium 

Lythraceae 

Vitaceae 

grape vine, cluster of grapes 

birch, Betula alba 

albinism 

hornbeam, Carpinus betulus 

hawthorn, Crataegus sp. 

white rot 

white spruce, Picea alba 

white clover 

white margined 

wilting 

marceseent 

wood with irregular and un- 
dulate grain 



129 



wellig gebogen a 
wellig gefaltet a 
Wendeltreppe f 
Wendepunkt m 
Wendungszelle f 
wergartig a 
wesentlicher Spross m 
Wespenblume f 
Wetterpflanze f 

Weymouthkiefer f 
Wicke f 
Wickel m 
Wickelschraubel f 
Widerhakenhaar n 
Widerhakenstachel m 
widerhakig a 
Widerholungsspross m 
Wiese f 
Wiesenmoor n 
Wiesenrispengrass n 
Wildling m 

Wimmer f 

wimmeriges Holz n 
Wimper f 
Windblatt n 
Windblume f 



Windblütler m 
Windengewächse n pl 
Windepflanze f 
Windfrüchtler m 

W^indroller m 



undulate 

folded in waves 

spiral (of twining plants) 

point of reversal 

pivotal cell 

woolly 

essential shoot 

flower pollinated by wasps 

plant which forecasts the 

weathev 
white pine, Pinus Strobus 
vetch, Vicia sp. 
cincinnus 
cincinnus-bostryx 
barbed hair 
glochidium 
glochidiate 
innovation shoot 
meadow 
meadow swamp 
fescue grass Festuca sp. 
parent stock (on which scion 

is grafted) 
gnarl, wood with marked or 

irregular grain 
curly grained wood 
cilium 

leaf resistant to wind injury 
flower which may be both 

anemophilous and entomo- 

philous 
anemophilous plant 
Convolvulaceae 
twiner 
plant disseminated by air 

currents 
anemochorous fruit 



I 



130 



ijli- 

toc 



17 



Windröschen n 
Windung f 
Wintergrün n 

Wintergrüngewächse n pl 
Winterknospe f 
Winterkresse f 

Wintermalve f 
Winterruhe f 
Winterspore f 
Wintersteher m 

Wipfelpflanze f 

Wirt m 

Wirtel m 

wirtelig a 

wirtshold a 

wirtsstet a 

wirtsvag a 

wirtwechselnd a 

Wolfsmilch f 

Wolfsmilchgewächse n pl 

Wollhaar n 

wollig a 

Wollklette f 

Wollkraut n 
Wucherblume f 

Wucherung f 
wulstig a 
Wunde f 
Wundfäule f 
Wundholz n 
Wundklee m 
Wundkork m 



windflower, Anemone sp. 

spiral 

wintergreen,* Pyrola rotundi- 
folia 

Pyrolaceae 

winterbud 

winter cress, Babarea vul- 
garis 

hollyhock 

winter rest-period 

resting spore 

plant retaining the seed 
through the winter 

branching tree 

host 

whorl 

verticillate 

host-limited 

host-diversified 

heteroecious 

spurge, Euphorbia sp. 

Euphorbiaceae 

woolly hair 

woolly 

bur which clings to wool or 

feathers of animals 
mullein, Verbascum sp. 
ox-eye daisy. Chrysanthemum 

sp. 
proliferation 

swollen, padded, torulose 
wound 
wound rot 
callus 

Onthyllis sp. 
wound periderm 



131 



Wundreiz m 
Wundverschluss m 

Wurzel f 
Wurzelanlauf m 
Wurzelausläufer m 
Wurzelausscheidung f 
Wurzelausschlag m 
Wurzelbrand m 
Würzelchen n 
Wurzeldorn m 
Wurzelendodermis f 
Wurzelfäule f 
Wurzelhaar n 
wurzelhaarliefernde 

Schicht f 
Wurzelhals m 
Wurzelhaube f 
Wurzelhaut f 
Wurzelhülle f 
Wurzelkletterer m 
Wurzelknöllchen n 
Wurzelknolle f 
Wurzelkropf m 
Wurzelpetersilie f 
Wurzclpilz m 
Wurzelranke f 

Wurzelscheibe f 
Wurzelscheide f 
Wurzelschoss m 
Wurzelsprosser m 



Wurzelstock m 
Wurzelsymbiose f 
Wurzeltasche f 



traumatic stimulus 
wound covering, wound heal- 
ing 
root 

root swelling 
stolon 

root secretion 
sucker 

root necrosis 
rootlet, radicle 
root thorn 
hypoderm of root 
root rot 
root hair 
piliferous region of root 

root neck, root collar 

root cap, calyptra 

root epidermis 

velamen 

root climber 

root tubercle 

root tuber 

crown gall 

parsley 

mycorrhiza 

root modified into tendril-like 

organ 
root crown 
corallorrhiza 
sucker 
plant with much-branched 

roots which take the place 

of a root stalk 
rhizome, root stalk 
root symbiosis 
root pocket 



182 



Wurzelträger m 
Würz el werk n 
Wüste f 
Wüstensteppe f 



rhizophore 
root system 
desert 
semidesert 



Gennan words of Latin or Greek derivation beginning with 
Ze, Zi, or Zy, if not found here, should be looked for under 
the letter C. 



Zacken m 
Zackenschote f 
zackiges Krönchen n 
Zahlenreihe f 
Zäpfchen n 
Zapfen m 
Zapfenrhizoid m 
Zeder f 
Zeichnung f 
zeitliche Reizwirkung f 

zeitlicher Dimorphismus m 
Zeitstaude f 



Zellbildung f 
Zelle f 

zellenähnlich a 
Zellenanhäufung f 
Zellenbläschen n 
zellenförmig a 
Zellengang m 
Zellenkörper m 
Zellennaht f 
Zellenpflanze f 

Zellenstoff m 



tooth, jag 

Bunias sp. 

jagged crown 

series (numerical) 

cone, peg 

cone 

pegged rhizoid 

cedar 

marking 

effect produced by accelera- 
tion and retardation stimuli 

polymorphy 

perennial in which the aerial 
parts mature so rapidly 
that they disappear before 
the growing season is over 

cell formation 

cell 

pseudo-cellular 

group of cells 

oildrop (in liverworts) 

alveolar 

cellular duct 

oildrop (in liverworts) 

cell suture 

plant which lacks vascular 
tissue 

protoplasm in cellular units 



133 



Zellfaden m 


cell filament 


Zellfläche f 1 
Zellgewebe n J 


tissue, cellular tissue 


Zellhaut f 


eell wall 


Zellhöcker ml 


111 * 


Zellhügel m J 


cellular prommence 


Zellkern m 


nucleus 


Zellkernteilung f 


mitosis 


Zellkörper m 


organ 


ZelUeib m 


sarc 


Zellnest n 


group of celfe 


Zellplasma n 


protoplasm 


Zellreihe f 


row of cells 


Zellsaft m 


cell sap 


Zellsprossung f 


budding (of cells) 


Zellstoff m 


cellulose, paper pulp 


Zellstoffbalken m 


trabecula 


Zell Verjüngung f 


cell rejuvenation, cell meta- 




morphosis 


Zellversehmelzung f 


cell fusion 


Zellwand f 


cell wall 


Zerfallfrucht f 


dehiscent fruit 


Zerklüftung f 


fission, fragmentation 


zerknittert a 


corrugated 


Zerrung f 


stretching 


zerschlitzt a 


lacerated 


zerschnitten a 


dissected 


Zerspaltung f 


dissociation, cleavage 


zerstreute Stellung f 


abnormal position (of leaves) 


zerstreutporiges Holz n 


diffuse porous wood 


Zeugung f 


reproduction 


Zeugungsverlust m 


apogamy 


Zeugungswert m 


potency 


Zinkenzelle f 


fluke cell 


Zinnkraut n 


horsetail, Equisetum arvense 


Zipfel ni 


tip, lobe 


Zisternenpflanze f 


cistern plant 



134 



Zittergras n 


quaking grass, Brisa sp. 


Zitterpappel f 


aspen 


Zitterpilz m 


gelatinous fungus 


Zopf m 


top (of tree) 


Zöpfholz n 


top branches 


Zopftrocknis f 


dying back of tree tops 


Zotte f 


shaggy hair 


Zottenfuss m 


base of shaggy hair 


zottig a 


villose 


Zuchtrasse f 


breed 


Zuchtwahl f 


selection 


Zuckeranreicherung f 


increase in sugar content 


Zuckergras .n 


Sorghum sp. 


Zufallskurve f 


curve of probability 


Zuführungsspalte f 


external pore of stomate 


Zugfaser f 


mantle fiber 


Zugfestigkeit f 


tensile strength 


Zugspannung f 


tissue tension 


Zugwurzel f 


contractile root 


Zukrümiuung f 


bending toward a support 


Zuleitungsgewebe n 


intermediary zone (in leaf 




tissue) 


Zunge f 


ligule 


Zungenblüte f 


labiate flower 


zungenförmig a 


ligulate 


Zungenfuss m 


base of ligule, glossopodium 


zurückgebogen a 


reflexcd 


zurückgerollt a 


revolute 


zurückgeschlagen a 


reduplicate 


zusammengelegt a 


conduplicate 


zusammengerollt a 


convolute 


zusammengesetzt a 


compound 


Zusammenhang m 


correlation 


Zuwachsgrösse f 


growth in length 


Zuwachsring m 


ring of growth 


Zwangsbestäubung f 


cleistogamy 


Zwangsdrehung f 


spiralisin 




135 



Zwangsschmarotzer m 
Zweigabsprung m 
Zweigbrücke f 

Zweigeschlechtigkeit f 
Zweigkletterer m 
Zweigklimmer m 
Zweigsteckling m 
Zweigvorkeim m 
zweihäusig a 
zweijährig a 
zweijochig gefiedert a 
zweiknöpfig a 1 
zweilappig a J 
zweimächtig a 
zweischneidig reitend a 
zweiseitiger Hoftüpfel m 
zweistufig a 
Zweizahn m 
zweizeilige Blattstellung f 

Zwerg m 

Zwergmännchen n 
Zwergrost m 

Zwergunterlage f 
Zwergwuchs m 
Zwiebel f 
Zwiebelbrand m 
Zwiebelbrut f 
Zwiebelhaar n 
Zwiebelknolle f 
Zwiebelkuchen m 
Zwiebelschalc f 
Zwicbclschuppe f 
Zwischenband n 
Zwischonblattseite f 



obligate parasite 

twig abscission 

type of fusion between two 

hyphae 
monocliny 

branch climber 

branch cutting 

secondary protonema 

dioecious 

biennial 

having two prs. of pinnae 

bilobed 

didynamus 

equitant (leaves) 

full-bordered pit 

diplocaulic 

bur marigold, Bidens sp. 

two-ranked alternate leaf ar- 
rangement 

dwarf 

dwarfed male 

rust caused by Puccinia sim- 
plex 

dwarf stock (for grafting) 

nanism 

bulb, onion 

onion smut 

brood bulb 

bulbous hair 

bulbous tuber 

bulb axis 

bulb scale 

copula 
interfoliar side 



130 



Zwischenbündel n 
Zwischen gewebe n 

Zwischenmasse' f 
Zwischenrasse f 



Zwischenreaction f 
Zwischenstreifen m 
Zwischensubstanz f 

Zwischenwanddrüse f 
Zwiscbenwirtsvernichtung f 
Zwischenzelle f 
Zwitterblüte f 
zwitterig a 
Zwitterreife f 



intermediate bundle 

conjunctive tissue, intermedi- 
ary tissue 

ground substance 

intermediate race, eversport- 
ing variety (with high fre- 
quency of sporting) 

intermediate reaction 

closing layer (in lenticel) 

hyaloplasm, interstitial sub- 
stance 

intramural gland 

destruction of alternate host 

paraphysis 

hermaphroditic flower 

hermaphroditic 

homogamy 



137 



BCkil,\ir\ 



UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN 








3 9015 01264 1125 



X 



y