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A Dictionary, Hindustani and English, accompanied by a reverse p^rt, English and 
HindustanT, has hitherto been a desideratum in this country. It must be obvious to every one 
that the student of a foreign language, desirous of speaking and writing, as well as reading 
it, should have not only the words of such foreign language explained in his own, but also 
the words of his own tongue rendered into that foreign language ; and that any Dictionary 
confined merely to one department is essentially defective. 

Thirty years' experience in teaching the HindiistanT language has convinced me that 
this deficiency, added to the exorbitant prices charged for HindiistanT Dictionaries, has 
greatly impeded learners. I have therefore endeavoured to remove this impediment by com- 
piling a Dictionary of the principal colloquial language of India at once copious, portable, 
and of a moderate price. These objects have been attained by using a small but clear and 
distinct letter-press ; by employing the Roman character wherever it answered the purpose 
better than the Oriental ; and by excluding every thing not practically useful. By these 
means I have been enabled in the following work to comprise in a single volume, of con- 
venient dimensions, both parts of a complete Hindustani and Hindi Dictionary, including, 
at the same time, not only more words, but more information really useful to the student, 
than will be found in any Dictionary of the language hitherto published. 

" It is proper that I should here give a brief account of the sources to which I am 
nidebted for the materials of this Dictionary, and of the mode in which I have compiled both 
its parts. The basis of the first part is the ^Dictionnry, Hindoostanee and E?u/lisk,' in 
2 vols. 4to., published by William Hunter, M.D., Calcutta, 1S08. Upon this foundation I 
have superadded at least fifteen thousand words and phrases from the following sources : 
1st. A vast number of useful words, both Urdii and Hindi, from the eccentric, but copiojis 
vocabulary appended to Dr. Gilchrist's 'Hindee Moral F-^eceptor,' 8vo. London, 1821. 
2ndly, AM the useful words and phrases occurring in Glad-*fn's ^Dictionary of Mahomedan 
Law and Bengal Revenue Terms,' 4to., Calcutta, 1797. 3rdly, A great number of new 
words from * A Glossary of Indian Termf^' 8vo., Agra, 1845, by H. M. Elliot, Esq., 
Bengal Civi' Service. 4thly, Many Persian and Arabic words (which occur in Hindustani), 
from Professor Johnson's last edition of Richardson's '■Pavsian and Arabic Dirtionarjf,* 
othly. Several thousands of Hindi words from Dr. Adam's 'Hindi Dictionary ^^ 2nd edition, 
Bvo., Calcutta. 6thly, From the Vocabulary accompanying the 'Prem Sagar, 4to., Cal- 
onlth, 1825, I have extracted all such words as were not found in Hunter's Diciionarjr, 



7thly, From ThompBon'B * Hindi and English Dictionary,' royal 8vo., Delhi, 1846, 1 have 
culled many pure Hindi or Sanskrit words not to be found in any of the sources above 
mentioned. 8thly, I have inserted in their proper places all the words occurring in the 
Appendix to the 'Dukhnee Unwari Soheilee,' printed at Madras, 1824 ; also many words 
from the ' Qjanoon e islam/ by Dr. Herklots, London, 1832. To the materials collected 
from all the foregoing sources I have added numerous words, phrases, and significations 
that I hare met with in the course of my experience in teaching the language."* 

In preparing this Second Edition, neither toil nor expense has been spared on the part 
of the author and publishers, in order to render it the most complete work of the kind 
ever offered to the public. The improvements and enlargements now effected are the 
following — 

First. All the words contained in the Hindi Dictionaries of Dr. Adam and Mr. Thomson 
have, in this edition, been incorporated each in its proper place. By this means the student 
is now enabled, for the first time, to read by the aid of one single Dictionary, any production 
that may fall in his way, whether Urdu or Hindi. 

Secondly. All Sanskrit and Hindi words are given both in the Persian and Devanagari 
characters; while words from the Arabic and Persian, together with those peculiar to the 
Dakhan, are given in the Persian character only. This enables the student at a glance to 
distinguish the words which are purely Indian or Hindu, from those which are Exotic or 

Thirdly. I have inserted all the words contained in the Persian text of the Gulistan 
of Sa'di, so as to enable the learner, by the aid of my Persian Grammar and this Dictionary 
alone, to qualify himself for passing the requisite examination in Persian. 

Fourthly. To my friend and quondam pupil, Robert B. M. Binning, Esq., of the 
Madras Civil Service, I am indebted for numerous words and phrases peculiar to the 
corrupt dialect of the Dakhan, or South India j besides many interesting explanations and 
definitions of words purely Hindustani, that have never before appeared in any Dictionary 
of the language. These, when of some length, I have, in justice to Mr. Binning, marked 
with his name or initials ; and I feel both pride and pleasure in thus publicly acknowledging 
how much I have been benefited by that gentleman's kind and disinterested services. At his 
own request an interleaved copy of the first edition was, some years ago, forwarded to him 
in India ; and the result has been that the same was in due time returned to me, well filled 
with sound and valuable information. 

Fifthly. I have also to express my sincere thanks to Dr. Charles Rieu, of the British 
Museum, for his able and hearty co-operation throughout, both in preparing the work for the 
press, and also in correcting the proof sheets as they were issued in the course of printing. 
Dr. Rieu, with a view to improve, or, more correctly speaking, to complete, his knowledge 
of the language, has, within the last four or five years, read the following important 
works; viz. in Urdii— the " Akhldki Hindi," the ** Khirad-Afroz" the " Quit BakawaR" 
the " Ara,ishi Mahfil" and the " Ikhrvanu-s-Safa ; ^nd in Hindi — the " BaitcU Pachlsi," 
the " Singhasan Battin," and the " Prem Sagar." He used an interleaved copy of the 
first edition of this Dictionary ; and marked down in its proper place every word not already 
included in that work, by which means a multitude of words and phrases has been collected 
that had hitherto escaped the notice of lexicographers, myself among the number. 

* Preface to the First Edition, 1848. 



Lastly. I have to acknowledge my obligations to the valuable work recently published 
by Professor H. H. Wilson, Librarian to the East-India Company, &c. &c., entitled 
"A Glossary of Judicial and Revenue Terms, and of usefid words occurring in Official Docu- 
ments relating to the Administration of the Government of British India." From that 
work I have here inserted all such words as are Arabic, Persian, Hindiistani, Sanskrit, or 
Hindi. Many of them never before appeared in any Dictionary, and a vast number of 
others may be met with in Dictionaries that have not attached to them the significations 
they bear in official documents. All such significations I have carefully added where thev 
were wanted ; and when the explanations were too long for insertion in full, I have referred 
the student to Professor Wilson's work for further information. 

I have been enabled to save a vast deal of space by making a fi"ee and legitimate use of 
the Roman character, according to a fixed system — that of Sir William Jones. The economy 
of this plan will be seen at once by a reference to the words ,.^X)T ankh, " the eye;" J5 dilf 
" the heart ;" ^ gul, " a rose," or to the numerous compounds under the particles (3 be, 
u nn, and ^ 2a, &c. ; where I have, in one column, given as much matter as the great 
quarto Dictionaries furnish in four or five. This has been effected by rejecting the Oriental 
type, which has enabled me to use a much smaller Roman type after the first line of every 
article. The use of the Roman character in all phrases and compounds, &c. originating 
fi-om the leading word, as, for example, under /i^Sol ankh, &c., is just as unerring as if the 
Persian and Devanagarl characters accompanied it throughout. Every Roman letter has its cor- 
responding symbol in either of the Oriental characters ; hence there can be no difficulty or 
uncertainty in converting any word written in the former into either of the latter. If the 
reader has the least doubt on this score, he hag merely to cast his eye over the following 
tables. « 

1st. A Table shewing the correspondence of the vrowels in the Persian, Roman, and 
Devanagari characters : — 





Roman. DevanagarL 




Persian. Roman. Devaniigarl. 


a V 




iV bad W^ 

• ^ 





jjjd din f^ 





M ^ 




C^ but W?T 


a WT 




Ob bat WTW 






yti SO 9t 





u Ij 




y « \ 

au ^ 




y nau (ft 


« ^ 




^ U \ 


' « 




^ n ^ 


at t 




t^ ka% t 


Let it be remembered, that in all Oriental words a is to be sounded short, as in " happy,** 
" America;" — t, short, as in "fit," "fin;" — w, short, as in " put," " push ;" — a, long, as in 
*' war," " water ;" — o, long, as in ** pole," " mole ;" — u, long, as in " rule ;" — au, like our ou 
in " sound," or the German au in " haus," a house ; — e, like our ea in " bear," or the 
French & in de, only longer in quantity ; — ^t, long, as in the words " police," " machine ;" 
and — ai, like our i in fire," " fine," or the German ai in " Kaiser," a Caesar or emperor. 
The anomalous Sanskrit vowel ^n is expressed in the Persian character merely by, (re with 
a kasra) and in the Roman character by ri, sounded as ri in ** rill," " rip," &c. 'fhe Arabic 
termination L is represented in the Roman character by a or «, according as its sound is short 
or long, ' 

2ndly, A Table shewing the agreement of the consonants, Persian, Roman, and Deva- 
nagari — 

Persiaa. Roman. Devanaj^ari. I Persian. Boman. i>eTanagarI. 

\ ^ 































































































'W Src. 







































The Arabic consonant c is represented in the Roman character by an apostrophe, thus, 
JjO fta'rf. This can never lead into error, as the apostrophe is never used (in the Oriental 
words) for any other purpohe. The symbol kamza of the Persian character is indicated by 
a similar mark (,) at the bottom of the line, and the imperceptible i h at the end of Persian 
words is represented by tlic short vowel a, as may be seen in the word » jo^J fa,ida " gain 
)r advantage." The nasal sound of the letter ^^ is indicated m the Roman character 


07 «, and ia Devanagari by the mark * above the letter with which it is connected : thus, 
J^j wahan ^ " there ;" U-Jjt> hanstid 1?^ " to laugh." The terminations an, int un, 
denote the Arabic nunatiorij and the m denotes the Persian j which in some words is not 
sounded, as in MwaA, »^y»-. Lastly, the m indicates the short sound ofj in a few Persian 
words, as d^ khud. 

3rd. A Table for converting the Devanagari characters into the corresponding Persian 
and Roman characters : — 















































































































, ^ . 






or ^5 











































It may be observed, that the Devanagari letter T has sometimes the sound of a 
cerebral r ; in which ,ase it is marked with a dot beneath, thus ?, and corresponds with 
V or J in the Persian character ; as, TST bara, " great," \v ; and in like manner ^ dh with a 

dot beneath becomes >)• /A, as in ^fTW " old age," blifc}^ burhapa. The various nasals of 
the Devanagari are represented in the Persian character by the letter ^^, which will be 


found sufficient for all useful purposes. The letter 1^ is generally represented by (ji ; but 
gometimes by ^^ ; and the letter ^ is more frequently ^ than {j^. The compound ^ 

is generally represented by ,^ chh or ^ kh, more rarely by ^JiS ksh, its proper sound. 

The compound ff is represented by j_^; as, '^I^ cigya (ajna), wl : its real sound is that of 
gn in the French words champagne, ligne, &c. 

It appears, then, that the Devanagari alphabet may be represented with tolerable 
exactness in the Persian character; but the converse does not hold, as the Persi- Arabic 
alphabet has fourteen letters which have no exact counterpart in the Devanagari. The plan 
adopted in this case is to represent the letters in question by such Nagarl letters as approxi- 
mate nearest to them in sound, which in printed books are generally distinguished with a dot 
underneath ; thus, 

^ TJI JJ W&C. ^? ^ ^f^F^^f « 

In some printed books, for instance in Dr. Gilchrist's " Sindee Story-teller,** an attempt 
has been made to form distinct Devanagari letters for the various forms of the Persian and 
Arabic z, which, it will be observed, are all represented by if ; but in reality the object is 
not worth the labour. In the first place, the Hindus, who alone use the Devanagari 
character, are sparing in the use of Persian or Arabic words, to one or other of which the 
various forms of the letter z belong; and secondly, such words as they have in the course of 
centuries adopted have become naturalized, or rather corrupted, so as to suit the elements of 
the Nagarl ; thus, [jjto\»- is generally written and sounded flftixt hajiri. The letter c 
is generally represented in Nagari by employing the vowel with which it is connected, in the 

o c o > 

initial form, with a dot under it : as, tiao W^ hold ; J^ ^^ Wm ; j^ ^Tf *umr. This 
method is sufficient for practical use; but it is by no means satisfactory, as maybe seen in the 
monosyllable ^S^, which in Persian and Arabic is sounded ha^d (the a uttered from the 
bottom of the throat) ; but according to the rules of the Devanagari alphabet it makes liaad. 
In fact, the Hindiis seem to view the letter e as a vowel, and not as a consonant, which it 
really is. 

In the compilation of the Second Part, my principal authority is Dr. Gilchrist's 
" Dictionary, English and Hindoostanee," 2 vols. 4to. with Appendices, Calcutta, 1798, 
reprinted, &c. Edinburgh, 1810, in one volume, 4to. The merits of this work have been 
amply appreciated by Hindustani scholars for more than half a century. The first orientalist 
of the present day speaks of it as " a work of great merit and labour : the collection of 
HindiistanI synonyma for every word is singularly full, and peculiarly adapted to a language 
which, varying in the use of words though not in structure, in every province abounds with 
synonymous terms, each of local and restricted employment. The whole (edition 1810) is in 
the Roman character, a singularity in its compilation which alone is indicative of no ordinary 
industry and perseverance." Such being the case, I have, as a general rule, availed myself of 
all the words occurring in Dr. Gilchrist's Dictionary, subject, however, to a strict course of 
correction. In Dr. Gilchrist's early days, the HindiistanI language was in a manner 
unformed, and its orthography unsettled : hence, in a multitude of words he gives the long 
i (oo) instead of the short u, and vice versd. I have throughout endeavoured to follow as 

r REPACK. Vll 

my guides on this head the standard writers of the language, such as Mir Amman, in the 
'* Bagh oBahar;" Ikram 'Ali, in the "Ikhrvanu-s-safa/'kc.kc. To the very copious 
collection furnished by Dr. Gilchrist, I have added several thousands of Persian and Arabic 
words (known to be used in Urdii) from the "Dictionary, Englush, Persian, and Arabic," 
by Dr. Wilkins, London, 1810, 4to. From Adam's " Dictionary, English and Hinduicee," 
I have extracted many pure Hindi words which escaped the notice of Dr. Gilchrist. I have 
also found many useful words and phrases in the "Dictionary, English, Bangali, and Hin- 
dustani," of P. S. D'Rozario, Calcutta, 1837, 8vo. Lastly, I have added numerous 
synonymous and expressive words and phrases which my. own experience has supplied. 

It will probably be thought that the Second Part of this Dictionary errs on the side of 
excess ; but I have deemed it the safer course to run the risk of inserting a superfluous or 
even a vulgar word, rather than omit one that could by possibility occur in writing or 
conversation. It must be recollected that the Hindiistani is, in more senses than one, a 
vulgar tongue, and that it abounds in a class of words, for the eschewing of which the great 
Dr. Johnson is said to have been once complimented by some elderly lady, to whom the 
polite lexicographer replied, " Yes, Madam, I have omitted all such words, but I find that 
you have been looking for them." 

In Part First, compound words are generally to be found under the first or leading 
member of the compound ; at the same time, it is proper to observe that the Hindiistani 
language is capable of admitting or forming thousands of compounds not to be found in any 
dictionary : hence, the learner should bear in mind the more general rules of composition, as 
laid down in any good grammar of the language. The same remark applies with regard to 
the rules for derivation, particularly those relating to the formation of causal verbs and 
abstract nouns. 

The few contractions used throughout the work ai-e the following : The letters a, p, s, at 
the end of many definitions, denote that the word is from the Arabic, Persian, or Sanskrit 
respectively ; the letter h distinguishes such words as are aboriginal or purely Indian ; 
and d such as are peculiar to the Deccan (dakhan) : the few words marked t and g are of 
Tartarian and Greek origin respectively. The other contractions are, m. denoting the 
masculine gender ; f. feminine ; a. an active or transitive verb ; and n. a verb neuter. The 
letter v. imports vide, and pi. the plural number. 

In Part Second, and occasionally in Part First, the following contractions are used in 
the formation of compound verbs : k, for karna (or the Persian kardan), " to make ;" 
h, for hona, "to be, to become;" j, for jana, " to go, to bej" r, for raknna, " to keep, to 
have ;" d, for dena, " to give j" /, for lena, " to take ;" d, for dalnd, " to throw;" and 6, for 
handhna, " to bind." These, with the exception of the first two, are chiefly used in the 
formation of intensives, and consequently they have then laid aside their own primitive 
signification. As a general rule, compound words have their parts or members separated by 
a hyphen, thus, diUnishin, tan-durust, sar-gardan, &c. Such compounds, when transferred 
into the Oriental characters, are optionally written entire as one word, or distinct as two. 
The short i, denoting the Persian izafat, is indifierently written either as the last letter oi 
the governing word, or separately between the two words, as dardi sar or dard i sar, the 
sense being abundantly obvious either way, as no Persian word ends in the short i except 
it be in a state of construction with the substantive or adjective following. 

I have avoided cross references, which are very embarrassing to the learner, retaining 
only those in which tne word referred to is either close at hand, or is attended by a long 
explanation which it would be needless to repeat. 

Tiii PflBFACX. 

Some |£ooil*natured friends have occasionally expressed to me their regret that tha 
Second Part of the work had not been given in the Persian character. Had H been so, I 
must either, in the first place, have added the pronunciation in Roman characters to each 
word (otherwise the work would be utterly useless), and this would have increased its sixe to 
at least six times what it now is ; or, in the second place, omitting the Roman character, I 
must have given all the vowel marks and other orthographical symbols, which would have 
extended it to at least ten times its actual bulk, without possessing one single advantage over 
what it now has.* 

In conclusion, I have only to add, thai amidst sucu a mass of small letters, it will not 
seem surprising that an occasional error of the press should occur. I trust, however, that 
the number of such errors is small ; and I am confident that the generous, the learned, and 
the experienced (and it is only their good opinion I am ambitious to obtain) will not deny 
me their kind indulgence. 

* Two lines of even the smallest Oriental types in this country would occupy at least as much space as 
five lines of the Roman character used in Part II. of this work. If the vowel-pcints, &c. be used, the 
spaces between the lines must be nearly doubled : hence the truth of the above remark will be obvious to thos« 
at all conversant with Oriental typography. 


58, Burton Obbbci^t, 
Januarv, 1i*tii. 








\ alif, the first letter of the Arabic alphabet ; 
in numeration it counts one. ^ a or a-kara, the 
first elementary sound in the Sanskrit alphabet; 
it is a name of God, or Vishnu. As an inseparable 
T>rtrticle prefixed to a word, it signifies negation or pri- 
vation; as, a-dharm, injustice, or irreligion, from 
dharm, justice, &c. It is akin to the alpha privativim 
of the Greek, the in of the Latin, or the un of the Ger- 
man and English. As in Greek, it becomes an before 
a vowel, as an-anta, endless, or without end. 

^\ ysP^ ab, now, presently, just now, a lit- 
tle while ago ; by adding ka, ke, kt, it forms an ad- 
jective, as ab-ka zamand, the present time. h. 

V— 'i ^ ib, thus, as, in like manner, s. 

C->^ ab (contract, from ^\), a father. In 
Hindustani, the plural is of most frequent occur- 
rence, as in aha o ajdad, fathers and grandfathers, 
ancestors, a. 

<-.^l ab, m. water, splendour, elegance, dig- 
nity, lustre (in gems), temper (of steel, &c.), edge 
sharpness (of a sword, &c.). The word ab in Persian 
is used in a great many metaphoric and idiomatic 
expressions, p. 

\S\ ibd, m. denial ; iba-k, to refuse, deny. a. 
bl aba, fathers (pi. of l^\ or ^\, q. v.). a. 
Jjob\ ababtlf m, a swallow, a. 
d^s^yi) ibahatff. permitting, giving liberty, a. 
libt abdd, cultivated, peopled, pleasant; full 

of buildings and inhabitants; used in composition in 
the sense of city or ville, as akbar-abad, the city of 
Akbar, or (as the Americans would say) Akbar-ville, 
the city of Agra. p. 

^^^libl abddan, synonymous with abad. p. 

jibbi dbdddiii, f. a habitation, a cultivated, 

" populous, pleasant place ; population, cultivation, 
abundance. In Hindustani it is seldom used except 
in poetry, ahadl being the common expression, p. 

j_gijJ «ibl abdd-beshi, f first assessment of 
" newly-settled or cultivated land. p. 

jO«ibt dbad-hm; the original or first settler 
on waste land. p. 

bji «ib1 dbdd karnd, a. to build, cultivate, 

make a place habitable and populous, p. 

Ufctibl ^I'^IIMI dbddhd, f. segment of the base 

of a triangle, s. 

j^iibl dbddi, synonymous with dbaddnt. p. 

b,b3 Tsrrm ubdmd, a. to set at liberty, s. 
bjbi <jalI4.fiT ubd?-nd,a. to keep in reserve, h. 
uiJb\ ^WT?F a-bdk, dumb, speechless, s. 
USb\ 9«iieiitti ubdknd, a. to vomit, reject, h. 

\^\A ^r^^tTT ubdlna, a. to boil, to n.ake 
bo'I- /'■ [sian year. p. 

fj\j\ dbdn, m. the eighth month of the Per- 
bb\ ^IMI uband, a. to sow, to plant, h. 

4^bl dbdjt, belonging to or descending from 
one's ancestors, paternal, a. 

{'))jy t-r"'' db i bdrdn, m. rain-water, p. 

(j^jO L-->l db-bdzl, f. play or sport in water; 
swimming, p. 

<uLm^ L^t dbi basta, m. ice, glass, p. 

uJjjuo^ ^rf%^ a-bibek, m. want of discri- 
mination ; abibekt, indiscreet ; abibekata, folly, t. 

j_^b L-.>\ db-pdshl, f. sprinkling water on 

•• fields, &c. p. 

^^\ db-tdb,f. splendour; alsoa^o^a^. p. 

t_-*^^ ab-tab, presently ; ab-tab h. to be in a 
dying state, to be all over with one. h. 

iobjt dbtdba, m. an ewer; generally written 

dftdba, and sometimes dftdwa. p. 

^1^:0 ^ ibtidd, f. beginning, commencement, 
exordium, a. 

%\sjj\ ibtidd,an, in the beginning, at first, in 
the first place, a. 

Jl\^\ ibtizdl, m. vileness, meanness, servi- 
tude ; carelessness in preserving any thing, a. 

J)>>\ abtar, worthless, spoiled, wanton, dis- 
solute ; dbtarl, worthlessness. a. 

j»LJo\ ibtisdm, m. cheerfulness, a smile, a. 

uiiiD^ ab-tak, ^.,, , . , 

till now, hitherto, yet, up 

to the present time, as 

yet, still, notwithstand- 


uL)d::>\ ab-talak, 

v1^)q\ ab-talag, 

4j?,yo\ db-tori, 

{jjyiS\ ab-tori, ^ 

*:k^\ ibtild, m. suffering, misfortune, a. 




( 2 ) 


_,LI>^ ibtihaj, m. gladness, alacrity, cheer- 

• fulness. , a. 

/jAJJ^ ^nw^ ab-ta,tn,ti\] now, till this time. h. 
jjO\ ^nnf ah-ten, from this time, hence. A. 
/jjb^ dq^H nbtan, m. a detergent substance 

for rubbing on the body ; a cosmetic : also ubaf, or 
ubfi, or ubfand, same as u/)ton, q: v. h. 

Ujb\ ubatna, a. to rub on the body the cos- 
metic ubfan or ujifan. h. 

^\ ^Wf flfeja, m. the nymphaea or lotus; 
^ the moon; a conch; a species of tree. «. 

^c.l>- u^Ta&i-^'a?*i, m. running water, a stream, 

"rivulet! tears flowing, f. a. 

Jrfi\ a&;arf, m. the alphabet ; a mode of reck- 
oning numbers by the letters of the alphabet ; the first 
letter counting one, the second two, &c., according to 
their ancient arrangement. — Vide Persian Grammar, 
p. 23, or Hindustani Grammar, p. 20. a. 

^^\^S:ii\ abjad-khrvan, m. one who is learn- 
ing his alphabet, a. p. 
yfl ab-jo, f. a rivulet or streamlet, p. 
(J^y>-L^\ ab-josh, m. gravy, soup. p. 
f^yf. u-^T dbijo,e, f.the water of a rivulet, p. 
^\ W^ a-6acA, that which has not escaped, h. 
,\jtfl ^sf'f^IR a-bichar, m. want of conside- 

i v ... 

ration, injustice, s. 

(jr,l^.\ a-bichart, m, a-bicharin, f. an unjust 
"man or woman, or a man or woman destitate of consi- 
deration or reflection, s. 

ab-charhana, a. to whet or polish 
p.h. [tears, p. 

Ji»>- L-^T abi chashm, m. water of the eye, 

^i.»-L-->T ab-chasJn, f. giving drink to a child 
••for the first time (generally about six months of age) 
preparatory to weaning him. p. 

J^\ 'WfT^ a-bichal, motionless, unmoved, 

unshaken, resolute, firm. s. 

)j^^ ^f^rW^ ahchhara, f. a female dancer 
in the court of Indra; also opcA/tara and apsara, q.v. s 

abi haram, forbidden water, i.e. 
'wine ; insincere or hypocritical tears, p. a. 
Oj*«^ Uj^ I abi hasrat, m. water of desire, 
wish, appetite, longing, p. a. [immortality, p. a. 

OU*- (— .» T abi hayat, m. the water of life, 

ij^^^ U-' ' ohi haiwan, m. water of life ; a 
fabulous fountain so called, p. a. 

a3U»- «— *T ab-khana, m. a repository of water, 
a reservoir ; a cellar, p. [lations. a. 

ij^} abkhira (pi. of jU{), m. vapours, exha- 

^Jl^—iii. j_^T db-khast, a water melon or cu- 
cumber, p. 

yos*- <— ->T dbi khizr, water of immortality ; 
inspired knowledge, p. m. 

jjjtf\ abMal, very or more avaricious, a. 

jj^ {,^] db-khur, ) m. victuals, food and 

dj^ u->T db-^urd,} drink ; fortune, p. 

one's sword, &c. 


g 4S.- u-^T db-hku'ra, ni. a narrow-mouthed 
vessel for drinking out of. a cup for drinking water, p. 
iij\ dbad, m. eternity, without end. a. 
\iij\ abadan, eternally, for ever ; never, a. 
j\iiu->T db-ddr, m. the person intrusted with 

the charge of water for drinking, adj. polished, of a 
good water (as gems), well tempered (as steel), p. 

i^\»-j\dL^\ db-ddr-khdnay m. a repository of 

drinking-water, p. 

^J^^\db•ddr^, f. sharpness (of a sword, &c.); 

polish (of gems); oflBce of a6dar. p. 

c,^Si\ ibdd\ m. the production of something 

new. a. [one thing for another, a. 

^}\^\ ibddl, m. change, exchange, substituting 

J\,V^ ahddl, m. a religious person, devotee, 
enthusiast, abdall, of or relating to a devotee; an 
epithet assumed by AJ^mad, the founder of the late 
Afghan dynasty, a. \ab o dana. p. 

^b;— > 1 db-ddna, m. food and drink : also 
ciA**»«5L-.>T db-dast, m. washing the hands 

(particularly after any unclean action), p. 

(j^iiJ»it«->T dbi danddn, m. sharpness and po- 
lish of the teeth ; debility, p. 
fi>i^\ ^nro a-badh, sacred, inviolable, s. 
JbiiJ^ ^^V or^Rf^ a-budh or a-buddhi, stu- 

pid. Ignorant ; also s. t. ignorance. *. 

^Si\ 'IWVT abdhd, f. a segment of the base 
of a triangle, s. [intelligent, a 

^J^^>i\ Vl^r^m«T a-buddhimdn, stupid, un- 

C^^S>\ WW*^ abdhut, m. a kind offahlr 

or devotee. This class are worshippers of Shiva, 
fem. abdhutnu s. [not to be slain, inviolable, f. 

L^fciV^ ^R^ a-badhya, not deserving death, 

^i^\ abadi, eternal, without end. a. 

\>,d^\ ^rf'TOT a-bidyd, f. ignorance, s. 

li«to iS>,i^ I db-dida hond, to shed tears, p.h. 

j>\ abr, m. a cloud, abri siydh, a black cloud. 
' abri ^ilt^, a thick cloud, abri agur, a cloud without 

j\ ^RTT aba?', now, at present, h. '^'"'"°' ^" 

L)\ "fPTO abj'd, m. the outer fold of a double 
garment ; distinguished from ajtca; the lining. Writ- 
ten also abrS, q. v. h, 
j\j>\ abrdr (pi. of Jj), just men, holy, pious, 
dutiful (to parents), ibrar, victory superiority, a. 

\j\j>\ ubrdnd, a. to keep in reserve, (same as 

ubama). h. 

^^J^ Ibrahim, the patriarch Abraham. 
' Ibrahim Adham, name of a pious sovereign that for- 
merly reigned at BalJih- <>• 
dj^\ abrad, colder, most or very cold. a. 
{,joji\ abras, leprous, a. 
Jy\ abrak or iJJ>j>\ abrak, m. talc, mica. a. 
\^ji\ TRT*n ubarnd, n. to be kept in reserve, 

to remain over. h. 


( 8 ) 


,^j>y abranjan, )a bracelet, an ankle orna- 
{^!fj>\ ahranjin,) raent of gold or silver, p. 
^j>\ ahru, f. the eye-brow, dbru par girih 

marnl, a. to frown, p. 

jj) I db7'u, f. honour, character, renown, ele- 
gance ; the name of a poet, abru-utarna, a. to disho- 
nour, disgrace, dbru-bar-hdd-dend, a. to lose one's 
own character, or destroy tliat of another, dhru-denl, 
a. to bestow honour or reputation on any one, or to 
surrender or lose one's own. dbru-rez, a calumniator. 
dbru-rezi, f. slander, calumny, dbru-karnl, a. to treat 
with respect. dbru-lenJ, a. to take away one's cha- 
racter or reputation, p. 

^j^jJ! ab-raman, m. a very fine kind of mus- 
lin or gauze, which when spread out on the grass is 
said to have been scarcely visible. The art of manu- 
facturing this stuflF is now lost. p. 

Jbi^jji\a-birodh, m. quietness, tranquillity, s. 

j_^i5jo\ ^f^^f>|tf^ a-ftiroc^/imi,"! quiet, tran- 

i^i^jj>} ^TCt>rt a-birodhi, J quil. s. 

iji\ abra, m. the outside of a garment ; same 
as dbrd. p. [jewels, &c. s, 

j^J^t^t abarhan (vide /jy4?0> ™' ornaments, 

(j?»>3 cib?'!, clouded, -variegated, abri k agh az, 
"a kind of thick and shining paper clouded, (from 
Cashmir). p. 

y>j>\ ab-rez, a pot for sprinkling water, such 

as a gardener's ; used also in baths for pouring water 
over the body. p. [ing silk. p. 

jt^*ij>\ dbresham (also ahresham), m. sew- 

j^^-1j> j! abreshml, silken, made of silk. p. 

/i>V^ ibrik, m. an ewer, a water-pot. a. 

jXiidv\abar-dhabar, coarse,rough,common. h. 

jJ^-> abi-zar, water of gold; white wine. p. 

J^j U->1 ahi zuldl, m. pure limpid water, p.a. 

(j**^.^ "f^ a-bas, powerless, without choice, s. 

JL*ot idbsdl, m. a vineyard, a garden, p. 

euLjl dbista, pregnant (a woman), with 
young (an animal), new-bom (a chUd). The forms 
abist, abistan, and dbistan are given in Gilchrist, p. 

^Jl«*^t dbista^, also dbistani, &c. f. preg- 
- nancy, p. , [clothes, s. 

i»Y>**>\ ^TTEHT a-basan, naked, without 

^»r*^^^ ^lrf%^r»T a-bisan, without desire, in- 
different, s. 
\l^\ T^^RT ubasnd, n. to rot, putrefy, h. 

(^jj\y^\ '^tmi^m or ^f^^TO a-biswds, m. 
want of confidence, distrustfulness. s. [trustful, s. 

..\,„\\ a-bmvdsi,abismdsin, abisivdsini,dia- 
uU*>\ ubsdnd, a. to cause to rot. A. 

' >from this time. h. 



>\ ab-se, J 

\i^ (<^^ ab-se dur, is an expression of those 

whov after describing a past misfortune, pray to be 
preserved from a repetition of it ; q. d. Far be it 
from us ! h. p. 

XL^\ db-shdr, m. f. a waterfall, cascade, ca- 
taract, p. 

{^j*»\Xm l-^ I db-shinds, the lead-man, or per- 
son who takes the soundings in a ship, a pilot, p. 

j^{^\ a&is/ior,m. brackish or salt water, p, 

8j^jS» c-^t db-shora or dbi-shora, m. water 
cooled artificially by means of a solution of salt- 
petre ; iced sherbet, p. 

y^Z^^l dbshold (Dakh.), same as dbshora. p. 
(JX)J1^\ a-bishek or ud^A^ij^ abikhel, m. 

sprinkUng-water, which the Hindus (after pronouncing 
certain prayers over it) use for cleansing their per- 
sons, and other utensils used in sacrifice, holy water ; 
accession to a throne, inauguration, v. abhishek, s. 

\jai\ absdr (pi. of^«aJ), views, looks; per- 
ception, understanding, a. 

jJUa^l ibtdl, m. abolition, act of drstroying 
or annihilating, refuting, a. [vain, &c. a. 

^JJa^^ abtal, comp. more vain or fruitless, very 

«3Uo] ab'dd (pi. of i^), distances, divarica- 
tions, a. 
S3o\ ab'ad, more distant, very far. a. r^jje. p,^. 
Cj>j^ u-M dbi ""ashrat, wine, semen geni- 

\so\ ibhd, m. confirmation, establishment, pre- 
servation, rendering permanent, a. 

^\ ab-kd, ab-ke, and ab-kl, of or belonging 
to the present time, from ab. h. 

j6^\ db'hdr, m. a distiller (particularly of 

spirituous liquors) ; a water-carrier, a sprinkler ; a 
wine-merchant, or seller of spirituous liquors ; a drinker 
of wine. p. 

(ffj\^! db-kdrif f. the business of a distiller; 

revenue derived from a duty levied on distilleries, 
also oil houses for the sale of spirituous liquors, 
eating-houses, houses of entertainment, &c. 

liojj 7'q'e|il«fi ubkdnd, a. to cause one to 

vomit, h. l}^g- A. 

j_^»j\ T'TolfT^ ubkdfh f. the act of vomit- 
CLk5o\ wfw?R a-bikt, hidden, unintelligible. «. 
lIaJI^\ ^fw^Prfisr?! a-bikt ganit, f. 

arithmetic of unknown quantities ; algebra. *. 

^j«^ L^l db-hash, a drawer of water; 56- 
kasM, act of drawing or carrying water, p. 

U5o\ TfclPfn ubaknd, n. to vomit, h. 

jSy L-^t dbi-kausar, m. nectar, p. a, 

iJLjX}\ W^%^({ abkesht, without fruit, 

" barren (tree), s. 

j^^\ db-guzdr, a ford, a ferry; an express, p, 
jikOt db-guzar, acanal or channel for water, p, 

AS\mm>\ dbigarm, warm water, a hot-bath. p. 

CLJH^ lJ\ dbi gosht, soup, gravy, broth, p. 

Jb^ t-.>T dbi gohar, water of pearls, pure 

umpid water, p. 
jp u-^1 dh-y'ir, a receptacle for water, a 

pool, pond, ditch ; a weaver's brush, p. 



( 4 ) 


lujJ^T abgtna, m. a mirror, looking-glass, 

a drinking-glasa ; wine ; a diamond, p. 
Jj>^ ^n^ a-hal, weak, without strength or 

power s, 
^^ mt<jM a-hala, f. weak, powerless; a 

woman, s. 

tj^^ m^cjMU l a-balapa, m. weakness, 

frailty. *. [to arrive, a. 

^^\ iUagh, m. conveying, sending, causing 

U^^ ^T^SPfT uhlana, a. to cause to boil, 
(by the hands of another) ; to boil any thing so as to 
be fit to eat ; to cook. h. [lity. «. 

t/^3 ^ ^ g 'l ^ a-bala,l, f. weakness, debi- 

'J^\ ahlalu piebald, black and white, party- 
coloured, a. [starling, a. 
lftb\ ablaJid, m. a bird of the maina kind, a 

u--*Jo^ SHPn^jM r a-bilamb, m. quickness, di- 
ligence, s. *» 
Ub\ T^^*n M6aZwa,n. to boil or bubble up. /t. 

-.^T abluj (also abluch), sugar-candy, p. 
si>\ abila, m. a blister, p. [pox, a bubo. p. 
ti^y ^«i>T a&?7fl,'< farang, m. the French 
«bl a6/a/s foolish, silly, ignorant, bashful, a. 
^.^^ ablahi, f. folly, silliness, a. 

A)J WTqS'^ a&an, f. a row, a range, a con- 

" tinuouB line. s. 

A^\ ^4qS1 a-bati, weak, powerless. «. 

^j«jJo^ ibtis, the devil, Satan, a. 

^^\ ibn, m. a son, a child; ibnu-s-sabll, a son 

of the road, a traveller ; ibnu-l-g^araz, a selfish per- 
son ; ibnu-l-gtaib, one of whom little is known, a 
parvenu, a. 

\li\ uhna, (pi. of ^\)son8; people; tribes, a. 

{^jt»Ci\ ^^^^\^ a-binds, m. safety, s. 

^i*)lJL>3 a-bindsl, safe, entire, free from loss. s. 

t," ^'ijW ^\ ibn-ul-wakt, a time-server, a. 

/jmIs*. f\^\ abna,i jins, pi. companions, com- 
rades, equals; those of the same rank, quality, or 
species, n. abnd,e dahr, or ahna,e rozgar, sons of the 
time, contemporaries, a. p. 

•lijoj ^f^*z a-bindu, without point or dot. *. 
8^ i_^1 dbi nuhrot m. quicksilver, p. a. 
(^jty->\ abnus, m. ebony, p, 
^>*>yo.l abnusi, made of ebony, p. 
^\ ^pn^ abnt, f. the earth, world, s. 

^ L— > 1 db-nai, m. the straight tube of a 
" ^ukfa, on which the chillam is fixed, p. 
^k>\ ^BrftR'l a-binai, m. wantonness, pert- 
ness. (. [tulant. «. 

CajJj^ ^flHllf (i-bmtt, wanton, pert, pe- 

^\ abu, ra. father; the word is frequently 
used as the first member of a man's name or epithet, 
thus, abu-l-hashar, the father of the human race, Adam. 
abu-bakr, the father-in-law and first successor to Mu- 
hammad, abu-turdb, 'Ali, the son-in-law of Muham- 
mad, abu-l-fazl, the name of the secretary to the 
Emperor Akbar, abu-jaJtl, the name of an uncle of 
Muhammad, noted for his stubbornness, abu huraira, 
one of the companions of Muhammad, abu-'ali sind, 
a celebrated sage and physician, commonly known in 
Christendom as Avicenna. abu -fawdris, the ass, lit. 
the father of horsemen, abu-bakr, the name of an 
atdbak prince to whom Sa'di dedicated his Gulistan, 
abu-nasr, the name of the minister of the last men- 
tioned prince, a. 

^^y>\ abwdb (pi. of <— -»^), doors, gates, 

chapters, sections ; in the revenue language of India 
the word means almost any kind of cesses, imposts, 
and charges levied by the officials of government, o. 

0^^^ ^^^a^ o^-bujh, stupid, without under- 
standing, s. [comprehensible, h. 
\^^\ ^RVRJ a-bujkd, not understood, in- 

Jt>ii^\ ^s:^t^ a-bodh, m. ignorance, stupidity, 
adj. ignorant, stupid; puzzled, perplexed. *. 

&jL.*^(i^\ ^^V»JTW| a-bodh-gamyaAincom- 

Bjjjbii^] ^i(\\(^ftH a-bodhaniya, J pre- 

hensible, unintelligible, t. 
Jy^ ^srit^ a-bol, silent, h. [to silence. *. 
^^^ W^t^ a-bold, disposed or accustomed 

eoU J L^T db ddna, water and grain, food 

and drink, p. [mate. p. a. 

\^j L^\ db o hawd, f. atmosphere, air, cli- 

^\ ^iftr abhi, a particle denoting priority 

in time or place, prefixed to Sanskrit words, s. 
^\ ^ ibh or ibha, m. an elephant, ibha- 

p&lak, the keeper of an elephant, t. 
l^^T ^rWT dbhd, f. light, splendour, beauty, s. 
\^\ ^MTt a-bhdr, light, of little weight, s. 
X^\ 7>?TT ubhdr, m. swelling, tumefaction, 

plumpness, h. 
\3.\^\ 3»TTT«TT ubhdmd, a. to raise up, to 

excite, to persuade, to plump up. h. [steal. A, 

UvIaj^ '3^>TTT^ ubhdrnd, a. to take away, to 
^j*>l^T ^>TW dbhds, "1 m. a preface, a 

(^l^T ^THTT? dblidsh, J preamble, an in- 
troduction, &c. s. [misfortune, ill-luck. t. 
cL/Iaj\ ^>TT1 u-bhdg, also a-bhdgya, m. 
l^\4^\ ^MTTr a-bhdgd, also a-bhdgint and 

a-bhdgi, unfortunate, destitute, t. 

JV^\ ^WT^ abhdl, m. a cloud, h. 
jX^\ibhdm, m. the thumb; suspicion, am- 
biguity ; covered, concealed, unknown, a. 
\j[±>\ "^VfT^ ubhdnd, &. to alarm, disturb, h. 

.Iaj\ ^HT^ a-bhd,o, ni. absence, non-exist- 
ence, want ; as in this proverb, rdjd keghar men, kyi 

)t pearls in tn« 

motitfoA kd abha.o^. 
r^a's house? 

Is there a want of pearls ia < 





«iU^^ 'HfMell^ abhibdd, vc. act of kissing 
the feet or of worshipping, an obeisance ; also an in- 
sult, s. [as abhibdd. s. 

j^tiU^^ 'SftrfT^, ahhihadan, m. the same 

^j4.*4?^ ^jftriTiT abhibhuta, subdued, do- 
mineered over. s. 

(^j'Ua^i V|(hi|N abhipray, m. sentiment, in- 
"iention, opinion, design, wish, purpose ; the main pur- 
port of a book, &c. s. 

C^ssP. 'VfWf^nr abhijit, m. the 21st nak- 

shatra, or lunar asterism ; the 8th muhurt, or division 
of the day. s. [spell causing death or disease, s. 

^Wa- wftr^R abhichar, ra. a charm or 

^l>^3^\ ^i^iVHT abhidhan, m. a dictionary. 
Strictly speaking, it denotes a list of the substantives 
of the Sanskrit language, such as the " Amara Ko- 
sha," &c. s. 

j^\ Wi abhra, m. the sky, a cloud, s. 

^j^^ ^>rCT ubkrd, unladen (as a cart or 
boat), h. [till it run over. A. 

^\j^\ 7HI.HI ubhrana, a. to fill a vessel 

i.^Jj^\ ^HfW abhrak, m. talc, mica. s. 

iSa^^ (ibhraki, made of talc or mica. s. 

jtj^^ ^WTH a-bharam, without respect. «. 

,^j^\ WWM abharan, m. jewels, orna- 
ments, decoration ; also abharan, with the initial vowel 
short, s. 

0^\ gw^ ubharna, n. to ovei-flow. h. 

(j-^l ^n>re abhas, little, few. s. 

DjL<*^\ ^MWfichT abhisarika, also abhi- 

tarl and abhisarint, f. (a woman) going to an assigna- 
tion with her lover, a lewd woman, s. 

>\ ^?*4^mh abhishikta, installed, bap- 
tized, anointed to office, enthroned, t. 

{^kL^>\ Wfnw abhishek, ra. bathing, 
anointing, royal unction ; a religplous ceremony con- 
sisting in sprinkling a person with the water of the 
Ganges, s. 

dL\^}\ "^Vfm ubhak, m. a bear. h. 

fJl^^^i\ ^>?f^ a-bhakti, f. disregard, want 
of desire, indifference, unbelief. «. 
A^:;j;^\ a-bhaktiman, unbelieving, indiffe- 
rent to. I. 

{Jm*:^^\ ^fiH^m abhila..<ih,m. and abhilasha, 
t. wish, desire ; (generally written abhildkh). $. 

,^i»^^^ vfMQjml abhilashi, wishing, de- 
" siiing, longing for. «. [sire, s, 

^^k^^ abhilahh or abhilakka, m. wish, de- 

^^U^^ ^r«lHT«1 abhiman, m. pride, haugh- 
tiness, self-conceit, s. 

y^i ii)^^^ '•rfiWTT'nr abhimana-putra, m. 

a foster-son. «. [arrogance. «. 

l:Jl^\ ^WHI«iilT abhimanata, f. pride, 

iL^\ abhimani or abhimanya, proud, 
" conceited. «. 

CI*»^>^ ^H»TW abhimat, consented to, ap- 
proved of, chosen, agreed, accepted, s. 

ViiL»^\ ^f^JTlTTIT abhimatata or abhimutta, 

f. desire, love. s. 

^C^.>^ ^f>T5^ abhimukh, present, before, s. 
\'1^^^\ ^ftTTS^iTF abhimukhata, f. presence, 

proximity, s. 

_jjs^\ ^ftriiR abkinav, new, quite new. s. 

4i\^^\ WfH^T^ abhivad, m. abusive lan- 
guage, s. [stration. s. 

^^t5\^^\ vf4<i(T<^'t| abhivadan, m. bow, pro- 

C^^\ 'WIW a-bhut, non-existent, s. 

_.^^\ inftaT a-bkoj, also a-bhojya, unfit to 
^ eat, not eatable, s. [fasting. <. 

f^n^^ ^Wtlft a-bkoji, not having eaten, 

^M>^Y WWWT dbhushan, m. ornaments, 
jewellery, finery, s. (Commonly written in the Per- 
sian characters as follows) : 

f^;^^\ a&AwMaw, m. jewels, ornaments, s. 

vi/^\ "WtT a-bhog, unfit for use, unpos- 
sessed, s. 

Uyi^^ W* ab'hun, hitherto, yet. h. 
ig^^ ^*^ ab-ht, even now, just now. h. 
jV^^ 'WHXI a-bhay, without fear, fearless, s. 
/e^^ '^^K^ ubhaya, both (used in Sanskrit 
" phrases.) [yeUow myrobalan. «. 

U^^ ^PKt([ abhayd, f. name of a flower, the 

q_j*>Ua>\ ^WTH abhyds, m. practice, medi- 
tation, study, the frequent repetition of a thing in 
order to fix it on the memory, s. 

^*»U^\ 'Wwl'Rft abhydsi, studious, practis- 

" ing, repeating, s. 

C^\x^\ ^«rnT?r abhydgat, m. a guest, a 

visitor; arrived. *. 

jX-jt^l ^BM^I'ij^ a &Aaya-pa<ra, "I m. assurance 
^jltj>^\ 'STvni^T*? abhaya-ddn, V of safety or 
CiJ)^A^\ ^*TXRToF abhaya-vdh,) protection, 
an amnesty, s. [onalanned. & 

(JIaJ^^ '^^^ a-bhita, fearless, undaunted, 
c1aa^\ ^r>TtfiT a-bhtti, f. fearlessness. $. 
tJI.*...U(^;\ ^mlfmd abhtpsit, ^lovedf wish- 
cIaim.k^^I 5S)^t? abhlshta, j ed for. a. 
^^\ abhich (dakh.), same as ahht, now, 

^ just now 

tSo^^^ ^T^ a-&/iec?,1 united, fastened toge- 

^x^\ ^K^ a-bhewj ther, known, cele- 
brated, s. 
jj^/t ^nWH dbhir, m. a cow-herd. «. 

j^T dbl, of or belonging to water, aquatic, 
" ■ watery, moist, humid, p. 
fj,\ f|% abe, an interjection of vocation 
** 'ezpreasive of scorn, as Sirrah I k. 

fjf\ atny now (sometimes used for ab-ht). h. 

CiAx>\ ahyat (plur. of iJl*A>), houses, (and 

more usual) distichs, verses, a. 
jUjT ab-yar, m. a waterer, a sprinkler, p. 

ijj\x> \ ah-yari, f. irrigation ; a kind of thin 
" linen cloth ; a species of dove. p. 

j^\ y^^^ a-blj, grain that does not ger- 
''^minate. s. [able. «. 

j(^\ ^W^ a-ber, f. delay; late, unseason- 

j<^\ '^srifix. abir, m. red powder used at the 

""holt Sfiturnalia. s. [Bhining. i 

(_jojlJ^ abyaz, white, very splendid or 

C->^ Wi apu, a Sanskrit particle; prefixed 
to words it denotes inferiority, privation, separation. 
Tt is much used in compound words from the San- 
skrit, as apadd'n, m. taking away, the ablative case in 
grammar ; apang, m. the outer comer of the eye ; 
apahhdsha, f. the vulgar tongue ; also applied to the 
language of foreigners ; apabhansh, f. ungrammatical 
language ; apachay, m. loss, diminution ; apashabd, 
m. vulgarisms, slang; apakrisht, worthless, little, vile ; 
apakarma, m. a bad action, misconduct ; apamrityu, 
{. sudden death, dying without any disease ; apavdd, m. 
censure, blame ; apavddl, censorious ; apaharta, m. a 
robber, a thief; apaharan, m. seizing forcibly, carry- 
ing oflf; apahnav, m. concealment, s. 

i-J\ ^H upa, a Sanskrit particle, denoting 
vicinity, or resemblance in an inferior degree, as v^por- 
veda, the sub-^eda or minor veda. 

6 ) 

ap, prori, self, yourself, used in- 
stead of the personal pronoun of the second person 
by an inferior when addressing his superior, h. 

4— »l wm ap, m. water, s. 

bl ^Ttn apa, f. an elder sister; self. k. 

c_ >b3 ^T'T? a-pap, guiltless, without crime, s. 

c->1 <— »t ap-ap, m. selfishness, egotism, h. 

yb\ ^m^ a-patr, unfit, unworthy. «. 

^^(ib^ ^^KH apadan, m. taking away ; 
the ablative case in granunar. «. 

^^iib\ "Tm^Til upaddn, m. cause, motive, s. 

iJbtjb^ ^rm^ upadh, f. violence, injury, in- 
justice, g. 

Jtbd\i\ TJmftf upadhifTn.H virtuous reflection; 
deception, disguise ; a nickname, s. 

^»3b\ T'n'Sft upadhl, violent, unjust, s. 

JjLfci^bj 7muini upadhyay, m. a spiritual 

" preceptor, s. 

bUfi>iib\ 7<cnu(|4<1 upadhyaya,^f.Q.nin%iruC' 
jlUj>^b\ ^tJTWinft vpadhyayi, > tress, the 
jj,ljjfciib\ ?mu|| hI npadhyani,] wife of a 

" spiritual preceptor, s. 

\>\ ysWK a-par, boundless, excessive, s. 

jb^ ipar, thyme, wild marjoram, p. 

LlA»-,b\ vmHiilfT ?</;«/.7<^ acquired, gained, s. 

^^»-jb^ ^Trr%tT uj)arj(tii,\n. ncquiring, gain- 
ing. *. 




b^^^ Vn^^ updrna, a. to root up, e»iir- 

pate, eradicate. «. 
i^j**^} '9^T^ upas, m. a fast, hunger, i. 
\*t>\i\ TTPfTT updsd, hungry, one who fasts, t. 

cii«»b\ ^^ITO^ updsak, a worshipper, u 
servant, s. 

liM»b^ 7m9«TT upasand, f. reverence, wor- 
ship, attendance ; v. to reverence, t. 

^ii\j\'9W^updsl, nerving, worshipping, i. 

fuuirtb^ ^xn^ updsya, worthy of reverence, s. 

eo«M»b3 ^Ml*^^ apdshraya, helpless, desti- 
tute, without shelter. «. 
(JSJbj '^mich a-^a/<, raw, unripe, undressed. •:, 

j^U^b.\ 4MI4^M updkhydn, m. an old 
story, a legend, s. [layiEg. s. 

„^jc3b3 ^trr^Mf npdlambh, m. abuse; de- 
W^T*I apdn, ra. emission of wiiii 

(backwards). ». 

bb3 VMHl updnd, a. to create, produc-.', 

earn, adopt, contrive, h. 

v.L^bj ^Itn^ a pang, m. the outer corner of 

the eye, a sectarial mark on the forehead ; adj. maimei, 
crippled, apang-damhan, m. a side glance, a leer, a 
wink. s. 

•bj '^n^ upd,o, m. remedy, redress, s. 
^j.b\ ^ffU'^ftfa-pdvan, defiling, polluting. «. 
Jbbl W^T^^ apdhaj, lazy, cripple ; a per- 
^ son who never yisits any one. s. [preparation. «. 
j^b\ ^TTini upde, m. remedy, plan, scheme, 
t/bj W^T'I apdya, injurious, destructive, s. 
t^bj ^Xipft updyl, contriving, remedying, s. 

t^U)^ Wtpn^ apabdd, ra. complaint, accu- 
sation, s, [an accuser. «. 

t/«ilo3 VMcf^l apabddi, m. a complainant, 

j<X>\ VMrV'4 a-pabitr or a-pavitr, impure, 

andean, s. [ness, impurity, s. 

15/[JL>\ wrf^TffT a-pabitratn, f. unclean- 

(jt*^^ Wirra apabas, also Vl|i||4| apaba- 
thya, absolute, independent, t. 

flf iipaban, m. a grove, an arti- 
ficially planted wood or garden, s. 

la>\4f>^ WWrar apabhdska, f low, vulgar, 
or obscene language, s. 

(j£3y^3 'HWt?! apabhraA8h,\m. common 
M^j^^.^ ^rW5! apabhansh, J or vulgar 

language, ungrammatical speech. *. 
LdJ3L>\ TTmnU npapdtak, m. a great crime, 

such as the killing of a cow, atheism, &c. *. 
C^\ ^xcijfn upapati, in. a gallant, one 

who keeps a woman to whom he is not married. «. 

O^T ^^nr <>i ^Trcrf%) apat and dpatti, f. 
c-aTaniity, misfortune, ajtat-k&l. m. time of distress, i 



d<o! ^TW apta, true, trustworthy. 5. 
tJU?3 ^iPri apati, f. disgrace, dishonour, s. 
b>.! ^nm ajof^a, f. quotient, an equation of 

a degree, s. 

t^^) ^mTTR upatap, m. sickness, pain, 

heat. s. [spring, childless, s. 

Jb) WI^ iilso ^tr^cF a-putr, without off- 
\5,yb3 "^^fffScTT a-pativrata, an unchaste 

woman, a courtesan. «. 

,^Jo3 ^TT^I a-path, m. a wrong path, error, s. 
^^P^\ ^rqsr a-pathya, indigestible, s. 
f^\ ^TTW a-patya, m. offspring, race. s. 
ujo3 ^^frfTn a-patiya, l faithless, trea- 

j^LJo\ ^qfrf^TO a-patiyara,) cherous. s. 
ciLo^ ^nrr a-patu, awkward, uncouth. 5. 
ti^3 '^^TT^ a-patak, one whose hands 

and feet are become useless, paralytic, h. 

(^P^.^ <f15«l uptan, 1 m. a paste for scour- 

^-*J^^^ TTTsn uptana,) ing the skin when 
bathing, h. 

^•*^} "WmHl upathna, n. to be tired, or to 
be sick of a business, h. [the chorus, h. 

Ji\ Tmr w^«j> f' the burthen of a song, 

U^t^^ ^^in«n upjana, a. to produce, to 
make to grow. h. 

j^\ss^\ <fVI4T^ upjcifU, fertile, productive, h. 

C->^^^ ^Mfllif upajit, produced, propa- 
gated. «. [exertion, s. 

ijj^^ ^M^riH upajatan, m. preparation, 
(j-flBT^ ^^imr apajas, m. infamy, disgrace. 5. 
j<**fif;^ ^srcnuft apajasl, infamous, unfor- 
tunate. ». 
Uflf:^^ ^M^HHI upajna, n. to spring up, to 

grow, to proceed, h. 

%^xegr\ ^M^Ifcl^T upajtvika, also {JMl^Mrf 
upajlvan, f, livelihood, means of living. ». 

(C^Afl^^ ^^nf^ Mpa;m, dependent, living 

by or on. «. 
j^,^ ■^^J'n^ upachar, m. service, remedy, 

practice of physic, usage, s. 
-^^ '^HRa; a-puchh, without a tail. s. 
\a:^»^ ^I4'«dl a-puchha, f. name of a species 

of tree.^ s. [waste. «. 

fc^t^ ^"^^C^ apachaya, m. loss, detriment, 

joj WVJ^ apad, or \,\>\ wm^ apada, f. 
misfortune, calamity, apad-grasta, involved in ca- 
lamity, s. 

\i^:>) Tf^ upada, f. a meeting, a present 

made at an interview. «. 

• .LiJ.\ 4)M^«| upadrav, m. a portent; vio- 
lence, injury, s. [vour. s. 
(ji3iX>\ ^t;^ upadunsh, m relish, fla- 



C->\.fcv\)\ ?(( villi upadhatu, ra. a sort of 

inferior mineral, s. 

;jM>,i\^3 ^^^^ upades, ra. advice, counsel, 

exhortation, admonition, s. [adviser. ». 

j^^i^^j- I'TI^'fiinT upadesin, advising, an 
^-*^,;X>3 ■^'I^^ upadesl and upadesak, m. 

an adviser, s. 

.^j 'anrC apar, another, a second, opposite. «- 

j^3 "^R^ w^ar (also ^T^ft upari), over, 

above, s. [non-acquUition. a. 

CL/^\ji\ wmfft a-prapti, f. non-attainment, 

u"\^3 ^WITT uprata, m. the west, dl 

iJl.k»-\ji\ ^M<lf\|il a-parajit, unerring, in- 
vincible, s. 

ll'»-U^3 TtirrfWiTT a-parajita, f. the name 
of a twining shrub ; called also koy<U, or kauiwa-fhenfi, 
crow's-beak. Clitoria tematea. s, 

i^\r?} WI^Tini a-parajay, m. victory, s. 

J^ji»-U^.\ ^STRT^'^rF a-pardcKin, modem, re- 
cent, s. 
^i5U.\ WITTV aparadh, m. crime, fault, s, 
{^<^)ji} VMilfVR aparac?Ain,'1 a criminal, 
^t5U>3 ^m^TV^ aparadht, J a sinner, 

" an offender, s. 

(J^3 in^ upral, over, above. <^ 

^U\ TWr^ uprald, m. aid, assistance. 

uprald kama, a. to take one's part, to protect, stickl* 
for. h. [wards, k. 

l1oU\ WStnit uprdnt, after which, or after* 

t^jUJ ^mra^ uprdwari, quarrelsome, 

"wrangling, h. 

^^16^3 'nnijf apardhna, m. the third 

pahar; afternoon, s. 

W^3 ^RWT a-prabhd, f. darkness, dalness, 

want of splendour, s. 

^'bv3 'WMri.M I<rt a-paripdtt, f. deviation 

from establislied custom. «. 

C^liJjj ^H H T^ a-pratdp, m. want of acnte- 

ness, of power, or of fortune. #. 

J,\3;^3 'WffT^ a-pratdpi, blunt, powerlew, 

*"•■ unfortunate, s. 

Ifrjja!v3 ^irf^^fT a-pratiband^, m. an 

undisputed inheritance, «. 

1^5j\ ^infinn a-pratishtha, f. want of 

respectability, s. [arpratyak$lh 1-f-) «• 

^J£io^.\ -i Mq rt^ a-prataksh, secret (properly 

14)^3 ^nr^ a-prathd, f. deviation from 

custom; secrecy. «. 

tJUo^3 ^nirftrr a-pratlt, without credit. «. 
jaV.^ 'WHi^Vt a-pratltt, f. want of con- 
fidence or of credit, mistrust, t. 
Ji^j>\ ^niFTBI .a-pratyaksha, invisible, 
not obvious to the eye. « 


( 8 ) 

iri^j^ WJTRn? a-prati/ay,m. distrust, unbe- 
"liefl ». [trastfuL t. 

^*a3^^ ^RWnrt a-pratyayi, doubtful, mis- 

<3a»o3 WIY^^US Orprachand, without dig- 
nity, not strong, s. [trial or proof. «. 
\^j>) ' WMCk'dA I a-parickchha, f. want of 

ij^i^j>) MIllVT'vf Or-pradhdn, little, mean, 
[wwerless, subordinate, not chie£ «. 

(w»>\ ^ni^ apars, m. the state of a Hindu 

after bathing previous to worship or to eating, during 
which it is unlawful for him to touch any one. Le- 
prosy, from Arab, ahras. uparas, m. a kind of red 
chalk ; bitumen ; a subordinate flavour. 

(iU*>^3 ^TJWT^ a-prasad, ra. disapprobation, 

disfavour, s. 

(_f(iU»o\ ^TT^nft a-prasadi, that which is 

"not presented to the Deity. *. 

^,^jmj\ ^ItT^S a-prasiddh, unknown, hid- 
den, not celebrated. «. 

[j^j>} ^ITO^ a-prasanna, disagreeable, dis- 
satisfied, s. [nate. s. 
{^J>} ^'T^^ a-purush, impotent, efFemi- 
(^Dj3 ^ir«I«TlI a-prakash, ra. that which 

is hidden or obscure, s. 

vii.*^.^ ^inBT a-prakat, unmanifested, not 

apparent, s. 

"^ji) ■3'tTr^T uparla, superficial, the outside 

of a cloth or raiment (opposed to the lining), h. 

jjU^3 ^ITHM a-praman, without proof, un- 
true, s. [tic, without authority, s. 

uiJjIoj ^U^nftHcir a-pramdnih, unauthen- 
&jpU^3 ^STRTIFT a-pramanya, want of proof 

or of authority, s. [finite. «. 

jbj»j^\ lenrtTR a-param-par, boundless, iii- 

di*/0^ ^BRftfinr a-parimit, unmeasured, 

unlimited. *. 
^ji\ ^tiT;«n t<;>arna, m. a scarf, a covering, h. 

f^^jy L?\j/t^ ^^^'EfT^ HT^{\ uparnm,l tar- 

wa,i, f. surfeit, mort de chien, cholera morbus, h. 

^jj>\ 'Sim^'y ajp-ru/j, m. self, self-formed, 
the Deity. Dakh. strange, wonderful, rare. h. 

>^i^jj>) TV^yf vparodh, ra. partiality, sup- 
port, favour, kindness. *. 

'^«i^,\ 4M<\*'<II uprauncha, m. a towel or 
cloth for wiping the body. adj. superficial, h. 

{^•3/'^ 'WU^T a-pravin, unskilful ; apra- 
vlnatd, f. want of skill or of experience, t, 

^JJ>\ ^wftm a-priy, bated, disliked, un- 
friendly, s. [dislike. «. 
Cl^,j!>\ ^nfftfw a-prtti, f. enmity, hatred, 
wSo O^ WMI.lv5f| a-pa?-tksha, f. want of trial 

or proof, an iusufflcient trial of any thing, s. 

^j>\ 'W^ a-prem, m. want of love, enmity, 

' hatred, s. 


'jy\ TTSfTI uparna, n. to be rooted out, 

to be pulled out ; to be skinned, h. 
^Ji\ vm^*i\ aparna, n. to come to hand. d. 
(j<*>l Wm^ apas, pron. recip. themselves, 

one another ; hence kindred, brotherhood, fellowship. 
Spas men rahna is applied to signify adultery, &a h. 

jj-o3 ^^ra upas, f. stink, staleness, putre- 
faction, rottenness, h. 

lSJ^^) '3'MW^ upastri, f. a concubine, s. 

.-^Jt*'}) <fM4f^ upasth, m. f. the organ of 
generation of males or females, s. 

C^^'Lm}\ mfwil upasthit, ready, present, 

at hand, arrived, t. 

U-*?3 '4HI<I apsard, f. a female dancer in 

the court of Indra. t. 

i^J^^} T'TO't upasarga, ra. a particle or 
preposition ; a portent or natural phenomenon. «. 

.l»-*o\ ^^WR apasmar, ra. the epilepsy, s. 

U-*>^ 7M<|fiT upasnd, n. to become musty, 
to rot. h. 

0>.y*-^) ^TWif apasavya, m. the right side 
(or half) of the body ; adj. opposite, contrary. #. 

j<u»\^\ 7^1^11^ upashdstra, m. sciences 
connected with or derived from the shastra. t. 

Oo\-i»>3 4M^|lf1 upashdnta, calm, pacified, 

appeased, s. [or tranquil, s. 

jSJlijJ 4M^II*h1 upashdntt, one who is calm 

(3.x^.>3 ^TT^r^ apashdbd, m. wind broken 
backwards ; a disagreeable sound, s. 

C*xSJi.\ ^mPwih a-pushpit, without flowers 
(a tree or plant), that does not bear flowers, not in 
flower, s. [lean. s. 

<-^L*^\ ^W apaskt, hidden, secret ; a-pusht, 
/o^w»)3 ^y^r^<T apashakun, m. any unlucky 

omen or portent, also apasakun. s. 

^^\ TT^nr «j>a.s7tam,ra.patience,calmnes8. 5. 
uib\ ^tnir a-pah, or ^S^nS a-pakk, unripe, s. 
^% C-jI ^njoiTTlf ap-kdj, 1^ attending to 
^j^-^ L-j\ ^TlcHlfl dp-kdjtj one's own 

business, attending to one's own affairs. «. 

j6j>} 4iMc(iR apakdr, m. a hindrance, detri- 
ment, injury, s. 

}^\ TTKWr^ upakdr, m, favour, kindness, 

protection, s. D^V* '■ 

t?j\^\ T^nFTCt upakdri, beneficent, aid- 
i^j^\ ^MchKolii upakdrak, m. a friend, a 

protector. *. 

\::5o\ ^ra^Kin a-pahtd, f. immaturity, s. 
«JLui»i33 'W*?^? apakrishta, bad, inferior, 

deteriorated. «. 

jtXi\ TfV^^flU upahram, ni. deliberate com- 
' mencemcnt of an undertaking ; a stratagem, t. 

jtSr^ ^^Ji^ apakarm, ra. a mean or un- 
' worthy action. «. 


( 9 ) 


^y^i «M«ii<.'«u upakaran, m. the insignia 
of royalty ; means, materials, t. 

(jt^.\ ^^Tl^f a-paksh, without wings, with- 
out assistance or protection, s. 

*-Lt^.^ '«iM««H^*i apakalang, m. an indelible 

disgrace, s. 

1^^^} "^WW upagat, promised, agreed, s. 

ij^) T^Pl^ upagrahy m. a prisoner, a man 

or animal in confinement, t. 
jS^\ T^^^ upagam, m. agreement, promise, 

approach, s. [dous stone, a jewel, s. 

jjji TSf upal, m. a rock, a stone; a pre- 
^^ '^5n iipla, m.acakeofdriedcowdung. h. 
j!yJl ^T^R aplav, m. bathing, ablution, s. 
C*-i^3 "Jtrf^TR upalipta, plastered, smeared 

over. s. 

«^lA)J WTO^fl o/jZm^, bathed, sprinkled (upon); 

m. an initiated householder, a. 

J^^ ^1c^-n( apalajj, ") impudent, immo- 
ij«{' 'CUTc^Till apalajjl,) dest, shameless. *. 

^^r^ "^fm^SrvXl apalajjd, f. impudence, shame- 
lessness. j. [omen or bad sign. «. 

^j;^sH\ ^M^VSf^U apalachchhan, m. a bad 

^^^i^' 7^^^^ iipalachhan (properly upa- 
iakshan), m. a figure of speech, an elliptical expres- 
sion, a synecdoche. «. 

U^-sri' ^ti^^TflT apalachchhana, 'I of a bad 

^k^.«H' ^n^^'^Tsft apalachchhant,) omen, or 

of suspicious appearance, unlucky, s. 
^\ ^TSnr aplav, m. bathing, ablution, s. 
i^) "^^ upti, f. smaller kind of cakes of 

" cow-dung, h, 

c-*ib^ ^^I^ M;jaZep,ra.8mearing,plastering. s. 

^J*i)^^} "m^TTT upalepan, m. act of smearing, 

plastering with cow-dung. i. 
\^\ <T^ H T upama, f. comparison, simile, that 
thing to which another is likened, s. [last. ». 

^J^} 4HH\ upaman, m. simile, &c. as the 
j^v^j VT^HIH apaman, m. disgrace, an af- 
front. *. [graced, a 
Ool^3 WJWnrf^TI apamanit, degraded, dis- 
fj\^) WWnft apamdni, or WWRI apa- 

" manya, disgraced, abased, t. [likeness, s. 

ilj^\ ^MrHfri upamiti, f. resemblance, 

^J,j-*>} ^li^'i^ apamrityu, f. an unnatural 

or untimely death, t. 
fj^l VirMH dpan, pron. recip, self h. 
^J^\ W^ dpanna, afflicted, gained or ac- 
quired ; one who comes to another for shelter, t. 
Uj3 "^Sin apnd, m. "I pron. of or belonging 
^\ ^TRft apnl, f. J to self apnt ga,ona, 

to sing one's own praises, to egotixa. h. 

UU)\ ^MHI apndna, a. to make a thing one's* 

own, to convert to one's own use. h. [kindred. \. 

<Jl^)Si\ ^RTRcI opndyatf f. family relations, 

Ll)3 ^^^ apanpa, or apam2)d, m. one's 
self. Used only in the accusative, as apanpa bacbana, 
to guard or protect one's self. h. 

,^ja^3 ^^ a-j)(uith, m. a wrong road, or 

bad road, a devious track ; heresy, s. 

jc^joj 'Siq^') a-pantht, one who has lost 
" his way, devious, heretical, a heretic. 

t>-i^3 T^f^'R^ upanishadf m. sacred texts or 

extracts from the Vedas. s. 

uiLb.l ^nrfVjflir apanik, m. an emerald. «. 
^^J-^\ ^^I^ vpang, m. a kind of musical 

instrument. 5. [adj. wicked, void of merit. *. 

^^\ ^TTTRj apunya, m. uncharitableness ; 

i^\ "STTflfl upanaya, \m. the initiation 

\^Xi\ ifmm uj)anayan,j of the three first 
classes of Hindus ; investiture with a peculiar thread 
or cord worn over the left shoulder. Vide Wilson. $, 

jouoj TT^ upanetra, m. spectacles, glasses 

for the eye. *. 

rJuO>3 ^RTEQ apunya, m. uncharitableness. s. 
S\y>\^9m^[^apavdd, m. complaint, reproach, 

accusation, s. [accuser, s. 

(Ctil^J ^il'«||^^ apavddt, m. a com plainer, 
(^_j*»l^J ^R^T^ vpavds, m. fasting, a fast. s. 
ij**^^) ?^^l^1 upavdsi, m. one who fasts. «. 
C->^.)^nT?Ta-pM<, childless; undutiful (child), s. 
y^} ^^f^^ a-pavitra, unclean, defiled, s. 
\5jo1 ^XTf^HT a-pavitratd, f. uncleanness, 

filth, s. 
^y>} aput, pure, unadulterated, d. 
LiJli>-^3 ^nni«ir apujak, ungodly, irreligious. 5. 
aa>j^3 ^^l??' apvjya, that which is not 

worshipped, or not a proper object of worship. », 
btS^j ^rxrf^OT upavidyd, f. profane science, 

(opposed to sacred), s, 

^->,^3 'STilTC? a-purb, new, unheard of, ad- 
mirable, uncommon, remarkable, s. [ardly. «. 
{J*»j^) ^(^t'^ a-paurush, unmanly, cow- 

ki/^.^ ^tl^ upuvarg, m. liberation, deli- 
verance, emancipation, t. 

^jy>\ '^Ti^ a-purn, ni. a fraction; adj. not 
full, incomplete, apum-kal, premature, untimely. «. 

1:6.^3 ^^'^in a-purnatd, t\ incompleteness, s. 

i^j^) ^^W^«T upavaman, m. a minute 
description, s. [ralleled, eminent, imheard of. «. 

»j.^\ ^1J# a-purva, unprecedented, unpa- 

(^y>} Tfflfw^ upavish, m. a narcotic, a. 

^^y>\ im<tf upavan^ m. a grove, an artifi- 
cially-planted wood. <• 


( 10 ) 


}f. opium, h. 

*?^^ ^trftiT upavit, 111. the brahminical 
thread, s. 

1^^} ""^ upaved, m. the Puranas, &c. q.d. 

depending on, or derived (springing from) the Veda. *. 

O^Vv^ ^y^i** tipahds, in.laughter,fun,sport.s. 

^)j^) ^^T»TT apfn-dnd, a. to feed one so 
that liis belly swell ; met. to give one (money, &c.) to 
tlie utmost extent of his desire. Also used in a 
neuter sense, h. 

'^]jM^ *fWt aphrd,i,i. gluttony, a surfeit, h. 

ZJ"^} ^ni^^ apaharta, m. a robber, a plun- 
derer, s. [ing, purloining. 

(^ni} ^Mf_K*a apaharan, m. act of plunder- 

^j^} 'wHii.ti (ipharnd, n. to swell out (the 

belly) ; to gormandize, to eat to satiety ; to become 
very rich. h. 

^.j^} "wH«r<Tr aphariyd, f. a subdivision of 
the caste or tribe called abhlr or ahlr, q. v. h. 

jj4i' "Whkjs a-phal, fruitless, barren, s. 

«"^^'*^.\ ^MjfcjJrt a-phalit, not in fruit, s. 

^^*^} VMifcjSi'fll a-phalitd, f. barrenness, non- 
productiveness. *. 

^^^) '5'*ff^ uphamid, n. to boil over. h. 
^*tv^ ^^'j5^ o-pahnaVy ra . denial,concealment. & 

j»i4v' ''f^ aphtm 
i>}^) ^r^ a-p/<ew,without foam. «. [stinate. t. 
\yxk^} ^ift^T aphendd, self-conceited, ob- 
je^3 W^ ape, same as dp, self, ape son 

•• a;)e, of one's own accord, spontaneously, h 

jj03 "STtftr. (i-jnr, without pain. s. 

jjijoj W^'I^ apuyashyVa. infamy, disgrace, s. 

^i.jO.\ ^nw^ apayashl, infamous, unfortu- 
•• nate. s. [qualified, s, 

d*Soo3 7M^% upayuhta, worthy, fit, proper, 

Lw»5sjOi3 'V^np apeksha, f. expectation, hope, s, 

^^■••r.Vi^\ apehshit, expected, waited for, hoped 
for. s. [adj. expecting, waiting for. 

tiXiSoO^ W^^'SF apekshak, m. an expectant ; 
^LxxA ^^^ apekshi, expecting, hoping ; 

" an expectant. 

,^xx>^ 'an^ apehh, invisible, unseen, s. 
^5uk^3 "T^lfT 'Wfm upekhd, or upekska, f. 

trick, fraud, stratagem. «. 

jj|03 ^ftit*T a/;m, light, lean. ». 

/j«jjo3 ^Rtfhl^ apinas, m. dryness of the 

nose, want of smell, a cold. *. 

iS^y>) 7Mt(lJ|l upayogi, useful, suitable, s. 
/^yjoj ^T^ a-peya, unfit to drink, forbid- 

" den liquor, s. 

C^\ ^rfll ati, a particle denoting excess, 

used in compoundB, as ati-pan, m. a drunkard, or one 
who drinks to excess ; ali-purukram, very powerful. «. 

Ci^i JijK it, or ita, here, hither, ^ m<, ot 

uta, there, thither. 1^ i7e, a word usually 
written at the end of books, letters, &c., denoting 
that it is finished, like the Persian expressions, tamam 
shud, ziyada chi, &c. s. 

01 %mi at, m. custard apple. Annona 

squamosa, h. 

o! WTKldtd, or ^sun aid, m. father; a custard 

apple. Annona squamosa, p. h. 

^\ or Jlj\ fijn ltd, or ^TTT^ itdl, now, at 
present, d. 

^^ 3(^ ittd, this much or many. h. 
^1 3^ M<^a, that much or many. h. 
i-iou\ atdbah, m. (q. d. dtdheg, the lord 

father), a master, teacher, a title given to kings or 
prime-ministers ; name of a family who occupied the 
throne of Persia from A.D. 1148 to 1264; St^di d - 
dicates his Gulistan to a prince of this faniily. p. 

j^^ TiTR utdr, m. descent, utdr-dend, to 
bring down ; met. to disgrace, dishonour, h. 

];v3l ;jnKi utdrd, m. answer; ransom, self- 
devotion ; cast-off or second-hand. h. 

M)^^ 7nli.«i utdran, f. a fragment descent, 

disgrace, h. 
Wj^l ■^'TTRTTT utdrnd, a. to bring down ; to 
tear off, cut off, or break off (a portion of any thing). 
utdre hue, pi. eiigagt-d with desperate resolution in 
any enterprise (metaphor taken from cavalry, who 
dismount to fight on foot, with a determination to 
conquer or die), h. [stances, d, 

<JjUi Utdrnd, a. to act according to circum- 

atalik, m. a private tutor, atdlikt, pri- 
vate tuition, education, t. ^on the back, h 
^J^\ ^ni'n utdn (also uttdn), supine, lying 

^\5^ 4il'HT iitdiid, proud, conceited; also 
supine. See chit. d. [despatch. //. 

Jj^i TiTT^^ utdwal, f. quickness, speed. 
^jl51 ^Hlcf^l utdwld, m. 1 swift, quick, 
jjj^^ <fdl«l^ vtdwVi, f. J speedy, h. 
{jO^ WiTT^ atd,t, m. one who sings and 

dances gratis, h, 

^J>}3'\ ^T^rftR dttdyin,\ m. a felon, thief, 

^\!>\ WTWT^ dttdyl, J murderer, in- 
cendiary, s 
jU!)\ ^rfinfTt. otlbdr, very frequent, s. 
sU31 iithd' (i>l. of xfj or X^^) followers, 

dependants. itba' and ittibff, following, obeying, 
obedience, a. 

\:SSi\ ^AmfA atibakid, m. a great talker. 

a babbler. .;. 

jJjo\ ^wfirT^J atihcd, very powerful. *. 
.l^\ ^TilT»n^ atibhavy m. a very great or 

excessive burden, t. 

,Jja>\ ^rfff^ atibel, frequently, very often. «. 
(.«ot Vnni dtap, m. sunshine, Hunbeamt. s. 


( 11 ) 


Cp>Ul>1 IMIri nfpat, m. violencCf injustice, 

fa^ury. s. 

tibLJ^^rfinTTjTeB atlpatah, m. a heinous sin. s. 
^oL3\ ^ffTTHrrat atrpataki, one who com- 

** mits a very great or heinous sin. s. 

j^"L5\ '3'r^T7«f utfatarit ra. plucking out» 

eradicating, s. 

jjj«iU>^ Trmr;«T utpadan, m. producing, s. 
j^U!>\ ^Tfwtrnr at'qmn, m. a drunkard; exces- 

cessive drinking, inebriety, s. 

^JL^\'^rpff^ utpatti, utpatt, f. birth, origin, s. 
tll*^l 4'HV nttapta, anxious, excited, s. 

\JiS>j^\ 7H(8(T utpreksha, f. indifference, 

carelessness ; illustration (in poetry, &&). ». 
J^\ "37^^ utpal, m. a species of the lotus 

flower, s. 

^J^^ 4rM^ utpann, produced, gained ; s, m. 

produce, s. [a guest «• 

,^\ ^rdfl atitha or atithi, m. a stranger, 

\^\ ^fT^n a-tatha, powerless, without au- 
thority. «. 

&A^ I ^ifffsq atithya, \ hospitable, at- 

eua^l ^nffl^ atitheya,} tentive to a 
guest, s. [acrid ; very pungent. «. 

^^^-ISopl 'Srfwrfhpr atitlkshna, sharp, hot, or 

/l:s^ ^THTPn. atijagaVf m. the black cur- 
lew; adj. very wakeful, restless, s. 

y^^\ ^rfwwtT atijogt very worthy. «. 

jj^jy^^ ^rffTifttr atijirna, very old, decayed, s. 

.l^\ ^fjT^R atichar, m. the rapid motion 
of a planet from one sign to another, s. 

jilac'^ ittihad, m. union, concord, intimate 
friendship, a. [berality. s. 

^^\Si\ ^f7TTI«l atidan, m. munificence, li- 
iSSiS ^fflt^ Tf atiddh, m. great heat, violent 

inflammation, s. [culty or distress, s. 

ClJjS>\ ^srfiTS^W atidurgat, f. great diffi- 
jSCS»i>j\ '4i f tT ^ t g W. atidushkar, very difficult, s. 
jjS3\ Vt<rri(U. atidur, m. a great distance, 

afar off. s 

(^jtij\ <tfrt<{ 1' ^ atidosh, m. a great fault. *. 

j3^ •g'^R t^<to/•, m. an answer; the north. 

Adj. posterior, subsequent s, 
y\ ^nt atra, here, in this place, s. 
y\ ^HT. itar, affected, giving one's self airs ; 

playful, wanton, coquettish, gay; other, diflferent. 
low, vile, itar-lok, people of low caste. «. 

yT^TilT aUir, grieved, sick, perplexed, s. 

\y\ TlTr uttara, northern, northerly; f- 
north-wind. «. 

j^ii)\j>\ ^^^Tfv«fiR iittaradhikm', m. an 

inheritance, s. [an heir. s. 

f^jii>tii\J>\ "^Wjfv^W^ uttaradhikaru m. 
Jbi^ily] -^WTJ^ uttar-ardh, the second or 

last half (of a book, &c.) s. 
\St>j\^\y>\ ^ ^O^ T dl uttarasharha, f. the 
twenty -first lunar mansion, s. 

id}\j>\ AtrRk (plur. of t£J;'J), a Tartai- or 

Turcoman, a. 
UU\ TjmrfT utrana, a. to boil over; to take 
down, to pull down (by the hands of a third person : 
to do it one's self is utarnu). h. 

^\Ji\ iAKM l itrana, a. to give one's self airs, 
to act with affectation ; to act in an unnatural or 
unusual manner, h. 

^j\p\ ■g'7lU<=Cf uttarawan, m. a place 

where fish throng to. h. 
\i>\j>\ ^WTT^ uttaraha, of or belonging to 

the north, s. [wanton, h. 

L>L5\ 3 ^-^H TI itroya, affected, playful, 
K>^^J\3\ ■3'^rT^ ^t^ utra,i-hona, to be 

thankful or grateful, d. 

fj^y^^ "^^TRT uttarayan, m. northing; 
the six months from Magh, when the sun is north of 
the equator, s. 

S:>.C)\^S\ T5ncvn"5[t[^ nttar-hhMrapad, m. 

a mansion of the moon (the twenty-seventh). *. 
Jb J^ ^»IT.m^ atarpal, m. land that is left 
uncultivated s. 

C^jy^ ^nrf^iT a-iarpit, dissatisfied, s. 
lIa^ 3\ WR a-trip)ta, restless, uneasy, s. 
,^^A^3\ ^r^uy^^^ uttar-phalguni, f. the 

"* twelfth lunar mansiou. s. 

^_^y\ ^-^tT atran, m. name of a climbing 

plant used in medicine, (Cynanitum extensum). d. 
f^J)\ "^TJi utran, f. a fiagment, any thing 

taken off from the body ; cast clothes, rin se utranr 
hond, to be freed from debt. h. 

133^ TiRVn utarnd, n. to come down from 
a height; to pass over; to go off; to become in- 
sipid; to fall in value or in dignity, nashd utra, hia 
intoxication is gone off. h. 

bV;3"^ ■^iTTTr«n utdrrvand, a. to cause to 

be brought down, or lowered, h. 

y>jj>\ T^r^tW^tittarottar, m. further and fur- 
ther ; a rejoinder to a reply in law. s. 
vl/jjj3^ ^PriO^I atir-og, m. consumption, s. 
J4^.u?r>^ ?Thfi55 itri-phal, m. an electuary 

composed of myrbbalan with coriander-seed and 
honey, d. [another, d. 

^\ Ti^ uttar, placing one thing over 

.LJ\ ^iWR atisdr, m. dysentery, diar- 

I rhoea. atisdraki and atisdrl, dysenteric, afflicted with 
I dysentery, s 


( 12 ) 


sLmJi iJ'WI^ utsah, m. joy, gladness, plea- 
sure; perseverance, s. 

\1Jj*j^\ "^WT?! utsarg, abandoning, conse- 
crating ; a rule or precept. $. 
«xs:uJl ^ffl4<HI atisanchaya, ni. a hoard, 

great accumulation, t. 

y**i\ TRW utsav, ni. rejoicing, public de- 
monstrations of joy. *. [timtttn. i. 
j_5-*>^ «jn«l atsiy f. flax (linum usitatis- 
jjiJ 1 a^wfA or atash, f. fire, flame, p. 
»jl^\ (jt->' atish-afraza, m. a rocket. ^. 
J4^^ (j^t atish-afroz, kindling fire, fuel. p. 

^J^\ ^JiJ I atish-afgan, casting or throwing 
fire. I. 

j\i^\ (j£jl atish-andaz, casting out fire. p. 

JxCji {i^\ atish-angez, kindling, spreading 
or stirring fire ; an incendiary, a seditious man. p. 

Jo ^jL> \ atish-bar, flaming, fiery, raining 
fire ; a fire-lock, tinder-box. p. 

jb jjij| atish-haz, m. a maker of fireworks ; 
atish-bazi, f. a display of fireworks, p. 

8.b(jij| atish-para, m. a spark, a lighted 

coal ; a beautiful person ; an exciter of quarrels, 
quarrelsome, p. 

t*>^. t^J*>\ atish-parast, m. a worshipper 

of fire, a guebre, of the sect of the magi ; atish-parastt, 
fire-worshipping, p. 

eo\i-jjii>t atish-kMna, m. a fire-temple; 
park of artillery, p. 

j\y- fji>^\ atish-khwdr, m. a fire-eater, a bird 

BO called (in Hind. Chakor). A variety of Tetrao 
rufus, Linn., a salamander, p. 

^Jid yL) \ atish-dan, m. a hearth, a fire- 
place, a chafing-dish. p. 

y„j (j£j \ aiish-rez, pouring out fire ; an 
incendiary or exciter of quarrels, p. 

^»3j (j£->! atish-zadagi, f afire (i.e. houses, 
~ &c. on fire, accidentally or by design), p. 

j^ (jtJl aiish-zan, or »3j ^J^\ atish-zana, 

m. tinder, touchwood, any thing combustible ; a tin- 
der-box, with flint and steel; atish-zani, or Stish- 
xanagt, the act of striking fire. p. 

^JC^tJLi] atishistan, f. the region of fire, a 
place where fire abounds (hence applied to a hot flre 
of cannon or small-arms in battle) ; a large fire ; a fu- 
neral pile. p. 

Xfls ^JLi I atish'iah', of a fierce or fiery dis- 
position, p. a. [cauo. p. 
^JJLiiL>\ atish-Jishan, scattering fire, a vol- 
^J^ iJLi \ atisk-Jigan, fire-dispersing, p. 
LJXLi I alishah, f. the venereal disease, p. 

tJL>^^\ ^flT^rai aiiskakta, very powerful. 
atishakti, f. great power. atishaktalS, £ heroic valour, 
prowess. < 

»4W (j£j\ atish-kada, m. a furnace, grate, 

chimney; the temple of fire-worshippers; name otm 
recent biographical work in the Persian language, p 

K')/^ U^^ atish-mizaj, fiery-tempered, p.a^ 
L^\> (jio 1 atish-nah, fiery, hot. p. 
j_^^ ^flT^ a<isAay,exce8sively,very much.*. 
jwi3 \ atisht, 'I fiery, hot, irascible, chole- 

i^xJ^\ atishin,) ric. aiisAt a,ina, a burning 

lens, a^ts^in a2i, red wine; hot tears, dtishin gold, 
a bomb-shell, p. 

uuL>\ vHll^nH atishtt, excessively cold. s. 
(_^lo!>i ittisaf, m. description, qualification, 
excellence, praise, a. 

{j\jeL>\ ittisal, m. conjunction, adhesion, union, 
attachment, neighbourhood, contiguity, a. 

Jjlij\ ittifak, m. equality; friendship, union, 

concord, similarity of disposition; chance, fortune, 
accident, lot, success, incident, opportunity; proba- 
bility, ittifai-k, to unite. itt{faJc-h, to happen, to be 
agreed. ittifaTf-se, accidentally, jointly, conjunctly, a. 

\Slfl3\ iitifakan, accidentally, by chance, o. 

Ol*U5^ ittifahat (pi. of jVi3^), accidents; 
successes, occurrences, events a. 

sx,^*>- ^^^\ ittifahi hasana, m. unexpected 

good fortune ; agreeable accidents, a. 
jJUJi ittifahi, accidental, concurring, a. 

vHJ>^ iitika, m. avoiding, shunning, abstain- 
ing (from vice) ; piety, abstinence, a. 

u-9UL>\ ittikdf, restraining one*s senses ; pray- 
ing and fasting, as in the month of RamazSn. a. 

\j^\ atkiyd (pi. of ^i^), religious men, de- 
votees ; the abstemious ; those who fear God. a. 
L^^ ^TTV itak, so much, this much. h. 
Oj\ Vf7«KT atikd, much, excessively, h. 

(_<rjK!> \ dtkdrt, a caste of silkweavers in the 

Dakhan. d. [time. «. 

jKi>\ nfinn^ ati-kdl, m. delay, a long 

iJL>MiyJi\ 4ichV utkrishtay good, excellent. 
utkrishia-bhum, m. a good soiL t. 

jj^^ 9v^ uthal, a name of the province 
of Urisa, vulgarly called Orissa. $. 

{^Lj,fsi>\ jJiaMfdl utkantha, f. regretting, 

longing for any thing. «. [gnat. <; 

(JlJC>\ vfiTTfTr atigati, very much, very 

^)5\ Vrl^ a-tul, unweighed ; that cannot 

be weighed. ». 
^\i\ Wf^ a-tal, the name of one of the 

seven patalas or infernal regions ; literally, bottom 

less. s. 

^^ T?rg5T utld (v. utdwald), swift, quick, h. 


( 13 ) 


J>^ "W^n uttam, great, principal, first chief, 

the best, tittam-purush, an excellent man. *. 
3\ WTTT atvia, 11). self, soul, life, body; 

much used in the composition of Hindui words, as 
atma-naml, self-evident; atma-palak, self-cherishing, 
selfish ; atma-ghat, self-murder, s. 

J>\ atamm, more or most perfect (from tamm, 
' perfect, complete), a. 

W? \ 'WTiTT atma, f. the soul ; the body ; the 
heart ; the understanding. «. 

aW>\ itmam, perfection, accomplishment, 
' completion, a. [ledge, s. 

^iia^>l wnwsrf^ atma-huddhi, f. self-know- 
^cjjj^j 1 ^ri*rr?H atma-handhu, m. one's own 

kinsman, s. struction. ». 

»iijf»3l ^lrM«hv atma-hodh, m. spiritual in- 
CiiJL^l or/?ia-j!jaZaA, self-cherisher, selfish, s. 

>pl ^T^TSf atmaj, springing from one's 

V-- self; m. a son. s. 

\^ \ ^Ti*nn atma-jci, f. a daughter, s. 

^.tiJu<-v>^ ^nWH^ atma-sandeh, m. inter- 
nal doubt, s. [restTMnt. t. 

^juu—^T ^nura^W atmasanyam, m. self- 

(JIaC^)! ^I W ^l f l i atma-shakii, f. inherent 

power, s. [praise. «. 

lA^ ^f* »>! ^IW^I^I^ atma-shlagha, f. self- 

Lil»3T ^ifpraff atmik, belonging to self, 
own. s. [neas. «. 

bC>T "ai rtilahH T atmikata, f. identity, same- 

C->V^-C*i>T ^nunniT atma-ghat, m. self- 
murder, atmaghatak and atmaghatt, one who commits 
suicide. *. [ledge. *. 

j^LC»31 ^TTrSr^TR at ma- gy an, ni. self-know- 
^o\l»!>l '^IrMHIif^ af/na-wa/Ati, sfilf-evident. «, 
\J«>«.^T ^1 W^'^<I T atma-vidya, f. spiritual 

knowledge, s. 

ji i^T ^rnwf^'aS'Tt atma-vikrayi, one who 

**" sells himself as a slave. «• [self. *. 

(J^vT '^IW F^ TT afma-hit, beneficial to one's 
LX^T ^rriTfWT atma-hatya, f. self-destruc- 
tion, suicide, s. [selfish, s. 
AAvT ^nfWTl or %(IW1m dtmiya or atmiya, own, 

(j'i^ 'BinT a-^««i Kamdev, the god of love 

among the Hindus, s. 
U5\ 2i»n Una, as much as this, this much j 

itne-Ttien, in the mean time. h. 

\Si\ ^T5n utna, as much as that, that much. h. 

C^\ ^THnT a<an< (properly atyanta), very 
much, exceeding. *. 

i^Xi>\ ^mni a<anA, I m. fear, pain, affliction; 

tXjJ^ WTHT atang, J pomp, dignity, show. s. 

CjJi\ T^Tn uttung, high, lofty, s. 

j3\ g^ nttu, m. plaits of cloth ; mdr-kar 

uttu banaya uske ta,tA, he beat liim to a muramj ; 
lit that his body was marked like the plaits in cloth, h, 

y\ ^^ itau, same as Una, this much. k. 

y! ^nw atu, f. a female teacher, a go- 
verness, h. 
.\y\ ^i«ITC itwar, m. Sunday, s. 

/j»>\y\^rfinTO ativa^, m. a rigid fast observed 

on certain occasions. ». [poison. *. 

(^y^ vfriOt? ativish, m. an antidote to 

lji>y\ vrifOlQI ativishd, f. a tree whose 

bark is used in dyeing, s. 
Jy\ fliHc^ a-tol, unweighed. h. 
f^y I wr^ a<MK, 1 f. a female teacher, a 
^yi^U^dtunjt,) governess, k. 

^\ <8ni ath, m. the beginning, commence- 
ment, an indeclinable particle, denoting now, here 
goes, &c. s. 

^\ W^ athd (for a-thah), deep, unfathom- 
able, out of man's depth, s. [thing up. #. 
^.>l^^ TVIIMH uthdpan, m. act of raising a 

^_j*i^3\ ^fiTfTH itihds, m. a story, fable ; 

history, tradition, atihas, m. excessive laughter. *. 
j,\^\ ittihdm, m. suspicion, censure ; in law, 

a charge, an imputation, a. 
-^l^\ TrVIIH utthdn, m. rising up, awaking 

from sleep ; efibrt, exertion, utthan ekddashi, or de- 
vothan, the 1 1th of the shukl-paksln of kartik, when 
Vishnu awakes from sleep ; during the months that 
he sleeps it is unlawful to marry, s. [able. *. 

l\^\ ^TTT? a-thdh, m. an abyss, unfathom- 

^Ia!)^ "W^n^* athdftn, f. a place where peo- 
ple meet to converse and amuse themselves, s. 

C1aa3\ ^iftnT a-thit, unstable, unsteady, s. 

j^j^'l Wrc^^ (properly 'flVl^TIl), atharban, 
name of one of the Vedas. *, 

^.^T 53n^I^ atharvvan, m. a Brahman 
versed in the Atharvan Veda, s, 

ijJ<^\ ^r«ra a-thak, unwearied, insensible 
of fatigue, h. 

A^\ WJJ55 a-thal, unstable, unsteady, wa- 
vering ; land farmed or rented, s, 

^)^\ q ' Vjffl uthld, shallow, shelving, s. 

\3^)^\ (TTf^SRT) uthldnd, a. to cause to turn 
over, or to be overset. *. 

J4J^ ^y^^ ^S*"^ 1^^ uthal-puthal, over- 
tamed, upset, topsy-turvy, ft. 

U^\ JiV|<j^H I uthalnd, m. to turn over, to 
upset (of itself) ; uthalna puthcUna, to be overset, h. 

U^^ ' ^"^IH^ I athmand, sunset, the west, ." 

\^\ ^Virr athavd, or, or even. «. 


( M ) 

^^ ^fk iti (vide CL>\ iti), a word usually 

written at the end of a letter, book, &c., signifying 
tliat it is finished ; as the Latin Finis, &c. s. 

^J^ Wfft att, much, very. s. 
d\^\ ^wrf^ ityadi, et cjetera, and so forth, s. 
\jSS\ ("flrt1«(l'^) artfear, frequently, very often, s. 
^C^i3\ ^W^W' afibakta, a great talker, a 

babbler, s. [of game. h. 

^Jb (3 1 'aTH^mift atlpafi, f. name of a kind 
«Jli*x>\ ^riHcf atit, m. an ascetic, or devotee 

among Hindus, s. 

Ci»oo\ 'Wrfhr atit, gone by, elapsed, expired. 
atlt-kdl, m. (in gram.) the past or preterite tense. ». 

CL)Sj^\ WilWcH atirihta, much, excessive, s. 

j»)jO\ 9n)<*i ufiran, woi-n, cast off (clothes, 

jewels, &c.). s. 
jjj^^ J^n<& utfirna, arrived, rescued, s. 
(j««ju\ Vii*t<l a<w, m. the name of a root used 

in medicine, s. 

ii^AjJ^ ^oR itek, so much, this much. h. 

^j*»l^\ itlhas (same as itihds), m. a history, 
story, fable, s. 

cIjT at (dakh.), eiglit. Properly ^J*'!, q.v. 

UT WIZT ata, m. flour, meal, any ground 
grain; when sifted, the finer flour, called maida, is 
separated from the coarser meal, called suji. h. 

\J\ ^BITT ata, m. an upper room, or story. /*. 
\j\^\{JlJ\ ^STJ^TJin dt-athara, perplexed, 
distressed, d. [room. k. 

tjgjul ^MilO atari, f. a thatched upper 

Ju\ ^tZ\^ a-tdl, f. a stack, a rick (of 
grass, corn, he.), a heap (of baggage, &c.), q. d. im- 
moveable, h. 

*^\S\ ^TT^ST atdld, m. a heap, furniture, h. 

oJb\ ^girciJ«W attdlihd, an upper chamber, h. 

Ojfc (^^b" I SHI^lHI^ "^nfj dtdmdti hond, to 

be utterly destroyed, or undone, h. [disorderly, h. 

i^JS\jj3\ ^aZ^Z\^ atpatdny, poor, wicked, 

^^\x^\ ^TTTtJrt atpatdngi, wickedness, 

•• abaurdity. h. 

^^u>'\ ^StZVii atfathi,\ thoughtless, incon- 
jJUj'l <q;M^ atpati, J siderate, irregular, 
"unstudied, h. 

\JLo\ %(ZZ (it fit, coarse, strong cloth, h. 

kiij\ WZ"^ iitak, i'. prevention, bar, ob- 
stacle, name of a river, the Attock. h. 

oo\ ^BUflliT at/in, ni. a vessel for performing 
ablution ; also the pot in which victuals are dressed 
for the public, at the door of the te " " " 
part, aground, stopped, hindered. 

m. prevention, 
arrest, stop. 

for the public, at the door of the temple of Jagannath ; 

uoji'l Vj^NIHI at hand, a. to prevent, to hin- 
der, to stop, to restrain, to detain, to chslleiige tu a 
sentry, h. 

J oo \ WZ^T^ athdw, or atkd,o, \ 
UjKj\ ^nswr^nfj atkdwandj 

a challenge, h. 

(j«-^^ TZTP^Sfl utakkarlais, precipitate, 

rash, acting without consideration, h. 

,J^\ ^ItZW^ atkal, f. guess, conjecture, 

judgment, opinion ; quantity, size, afkal-baz, a good 
guesser, an appraiser, afkal-pachchu, m. one who 
guesses at a venture, or without the slightest grounds ; 
adv. by guess, at random, afkal-matkal, name of a 
kind of play among children something like our "guess 
if you can." /*. 

^jJ^^ ^T7«lf^5rIT atkalnd, a. to guess, to con- 
jecture, to judge, to think, h. 

Ci)«jUCiJo'^ ^ST^RTTflB atak-matak, amorous 
dalliance, fond tricks and gestures, d. 

USo'\ '^l^chHI atakyid, n. to be stopped, to 

be restrained, to be prevented, to adhere, cease, re»t, 
remain, h. 

J<:»4So1 ^S7^^ atkhel, wanton, playful, h, 
(Jt^^iol ^i^^ atkheti, f. wantonness, an 
" affected (also a graceful) pace or mode of walking h. 

(Jj^ ^IZ^ a-tal, immoveable, fixed, of de- 
termined resolution, h. 
J>\ ^JTT atam, m. a heap, pile, or mass. h. 

ji-^^ W^^ atambar, a crowd of people, a 

tribe, d. (pfcr, of <^). ft. 

^^\ WZ^ atan, a balcony, an upper room; 

lJo1 ^I3»n atnd, n. to be contained, to be 
filled ; as, km at-gaya, the well is filled up; also to fill 

up (actively), h. 

/o^-Jo^ <I^J|«1 utangan, the name of a river 

near GOfSliar, the name of a plant, h, 
^^^ W7»ft atrCi, f. the horn of a bow. «. 

^\dto (Joy dthon), the eight, the entire eight, d. 

fJL>\y^^\^\ V<!<<I<S4<I<SMII5 atrvdt-khatwdt, 

f. the state of a person who in great affliction remains 
bedridden, athwatl-khatwatl lend, to be confined to 
bed by severe sickness, h. 

^^•3*1 dtwdn (for dthwdn), the eighth, d. 

f^y\ ^IThr atob, m. nature, constitution, 

essence, power, d. [inexhaustible, s. 

iJL>y\ WZZ a-tut, not liable to be broken, 

iJ^J>^ ijy>^ athmati-khatwdtx, f. being bed- 
ridden, (v. atwat, &c). 

^yi\ Wt^ a-tok, unrestrained, uninter- 
rupted, without hindrance, unquestioned, h. 

Jy^ ^irt^S a-tol, unpolished (stones or 

jewels), and hence when applied to persons it d«« 
notes rude, unmannerly, " A rough diamond." h. 


WT^^ft atvi, f. forost, wilderness. <- 


( IS ) 


,4^1 WB nth, eighty dth dth ansu rond, to 

shed floods of tears, to weep exceedingly, ath pahar, 
perpetually ; lit. during the whole eight watches of 
day and night, ath-pahari, one who is constantly on 
duty, an eight- watch man. ath- khamba, a canopy sup- 
ported by eight posts, h, 

\^\ atthd, the eii;lit at cards, d. 

61^-) \^\ <J3ir^^MI uthd-bithdnd, a. to 

lead into error, cause to err. d. 
^—^gJx>\^\ 4'i\k^ uthd-baitht, f. act of 

"frequently rising and sitting down, inconstancy, rest- 
lessness, h. 

tX^\ ^ZT^ atharah, eighteen, atharahrvdn, 
also athdrwdn, the eighteenth, h. 

^J^\^\ ^rjnft athdsl, eighty-eight, h. 
jjl^1 '3TT«f uthdn, m. an area, or court; 

f. act of appearing, arising, ft. 

^V^^ ^4Hf itthdnd, a. to lift or raise up; 

to contract debts or purchase on credit, to drive away, 
to exhibit, vtha-d, to abolish, to do away with. ft. 

^^\^\ ^rjT«T% athdnaivwe, or athdnwe, 

ninety-eight, h. 

^jl^1 ^I3T^iT athdwan, fifty-eight, h. 

(j«J»l^"^ 'SrjT^H athd,is, (also athdwis) 
twenty-eight, ft. 

aS(_^I^1 a"<Jl^iftu uthd,i-gird, m. a plun- 
derer, one who pilfers, ft. p. 
f^^^\ 4i%Z vth-baith, f. restlessness; a 

kind of exercise, nth-baith lagna, n. to be uneasy in 
mind. ft. 

^Ju^\J^\ ^TJITTorNr athtdUs, forty-eight, h. 

jJ^^ ^R^T athdtiar, seventy-eight, h. 

(j»»Jui^\ ^^H^H athtls, thirty-eight, h. 

»^t.M^V\ -^mi athsathf sixty-eight, k. 

(J,j$k^° \ ^HetDril dth-Jtoiii, eight-cornered, 

octangular, s. [tonness. s. 

jjj^iv^\ ^T^^T' athkeli, f. playfulness, v\an- 

^y^\^SIZ'^ athal, m.hiith'mg (of the bride and 
bridegroom together, the third day after marriage), ft. 

13^Il^'\ ^^c^IHT ithland, a. to walk affectedly 
or coquettishly, to express tenderness or kindness by 
gestures, ft. 

(j*>L»^'\ ^JT'TT'H athinds, m. land constantly 

plouglied (for sugar-cane) from the month of as&rh to 
the month indgfi, both inclusive. *. 

\x»^" \ ■^liHH\ dthmana, the west, in op- 
position to agmand the east. «■ 
\i^^ ■3T»TT uthnd, n. to rise up; to go away. /*. 

,JJa^3'\ 4iHt$ uthangal, out of order, with- 
out manner, dull, heavy, stupid, d. 

(2^Jok^'\ <j4T«f 7itkangan, m. a prop, or 
mpport. ft. [ness, &c. ft. 

^*^^4J1 M|j«(|^ athwdti, (vide atmat), sick- 

».Vj4J»\ ^3^TT athwara, m. the eighth day 

after any other, a week. h. 
^\j^'l WZ^\dtkwan,ihe eighth; (from ath).h. 

13\^\ TJ^TTT uthwdnd, a to cause to be 

raised up. s. [dred and eight, h, 

^u»3y^\ ^itAX^ athotar-sau, one hun- 

b»^'\ ^<S^'4|| iithmaiyd, that which rises or 
goes away. s. 

Ji^\ ^Hf^^ athknttar, seventy-eight, h. 
^«*»l^'\ ^T^TRJjt athe,dsst, (for athdst), 
eighty-eight, ft. 

yL^"\ athednaw l(for athdnarve) ninety- 
athednawej eight, h. 

(_^yu^i aineanawej eigni. n. [pushed. ». 
,_3^\ ^1^ a-thel, immoveable, not to be 
jjL^"\ athehattar, (for athhattar), seventy- 

^\ ^(^ atti, f a hank or bundle of threadj 
"a cant word for a turban, i. 

ji3\ '3?^ ater, f. the name of a town. h. 

-^jjol ^^«T ateran, m. a skein or bundle 
of thread, a reel ; the lounge or circle in the manejj^e. h. 

\jjxi\ ^^^Tj!{\'atei'nd, a. to make up thread 

into skeins, to reel ; to lounge a horse h. 
(LiJUj\ W^ a-tekf without support, h. 

t^lJ\ asas, household furniture, wealth, 

goods, money, slaves, cattle, &c. a. 
•J1aJia)^(,^\3\ asds-ul-baitA household furni- 
»SlS\ asdsa, J ture. a. 

j\ST dsdr, (pi. of y\), signs, marks, traces, 
vestiges ; histories, traditions, memorable events, the 
traditions of Muhammad ; a weight of one sir, nearly 
two pounds avoirdupois, a. 

^^\ asdml, m. a defendant in a lawsuit; 

•• a culprit, a criminal a. 

OU*i\ hhdt, ni. f. confirmation, aflirmation, 
proof, certain knowledge ; Dr. Hunter says that its 
gender in Hindi (when used in composition) depends 
on that of the object (or word following), as, isbdti 
jnudda,d kiyd ; isbdli takrlrkl; but this is a well-known 
rule in the language. — Vide Hind. Gram, gender of 
comp. words, a, 

j3\ asar, m. a mark, sign, effect, impression. 
asar-fa«tr susceptive of impression, effective, a. 

jjai! asMl, very hoavy, heavier, h. 

US\ asnd, m. the middle, interstice, -interval; 

as asnd-i-rdh, in the middle of the road, i. e. during the 
journey ; a fold or plait, a. 

jLs-\x>\ isnd-ashar, the twelve, in reference 

to the twelve Imams, a. 
joS aslr, m. aether; adj. marked, chosen, a. 
j»i^\ asim, m. a liar, sinner, criminal, a. 
jf,\ ^m aj, m. a goat ; (also the same ud uj) 
to-day, now «. 


( 16 ) 


— I xrVfl aj, to-daj. aj-kal, to-day or to- 
morrow, soon, in a few days. &j kal-k^ or ^ kal 
hatana, to procrastinate, h. 

U- 1 Wr»n aja, m. a paternal grandfather, h. 
j>-\ ^mr aJa, f. a she-goat. s. 

l-pjU-^ vjab, m. (in law) the first proposal 

made in a contraet fcc. bj one of the oontractiiig 
parties, a. 

CL^\s>-\ ijabaU f. consent, approbation, a. 

C0AOA minr a-jat, expelled from one's 

caste. $. [bia caste. «. 

^V^ ^niTlA a^adt m. a man who has lost 

ij\s>-\ ijara, (also.l*-^ ijar), m. a farm; a pri- 
vilege, or income of variable amount sold or let for a 
fixed sum. ijara-dar, m. a farmer of land or of reve- 
nue, one that has purchased the labour of another ; the 
holder of a monopoly, ijara-ddrl, farminsr or contract- 
ing for rent or revenue, ijardari-patta, ijar-pattd and 
ijar-nama, a lease, any document under which a lease 
or farm is held. a. Piemp. k. 

VW\ VifT? «7ar, m. canvas, cloth made of 

VW^ "91fff ujdr, deserted, desolate, aban- 
doned. ujSf-k, a. to raze to the ground, k. 

UyV^ "^^TTTfT ujarna, a. to lay waste, to 
desolate ; to injure, to expose to loss, as maiA tie tera 
kya ujara, in what respect have 1 injured you? h. 

•VW^ "JWr^ujarii, m. a spoiler, destroyer, k. 

ul»>jl>-i ijazat, f. commands, orders, permis- 
sion, leave, dispensation, sanction, ijazaf-bhwah, a 
petitioner, one who asks leave or permission, ijazat- 
nama, m. any written order or permission, a. 

S^^ ^^U\K ujagar, splendid, gaudy; cele- 
brated, h. 

^U-^ ^rsn^ ujala, m. light, splendour. 
ujale Jca tard, the planet Venus, h. 

UU-^ ^nn^5»n ujalna, a. to cleanse, to po- 
lish (metals or jewels), h. [brightness, h. 

jJU-\ TJinsrt ujali, f. light, splendour, glare, 

^Ji«V^ ^nnft^ ajamil, the name of a great 

sinner and penitent 1. [cent, h, 

^,W\ tnfT«T a-jdn, ignorant, simple, inno- 

^jV»-^ ^nifPI ujan, m. the direction, or part, 

of a river which is opposite to the course of the stream ( 
up the river, ft. 

'JU-I iHI^IHI a-jdna, n. to come sudd"* ' 

to befall, to happen, to come. h. [<dty- ♦. 

jJ,l»-\ %| 1^1*0 a-jdnt, f. ignorance, simpli- 

d^y^ ViPKiT ct-jit, unsubdued, unconquered, 

invincible, j 
fcV,Jk>.\ ijfimd', m. act of assembling or ga- 

tneriog together ; conjunction (in astronomy), a, 

[^\Sx»-\ ijtindh,m. abstinence, continence a. 

iiy^Js»-\ ijtihdd, m. care, effort, diligence ; car- 
rying on war against infidels, o. [a 
d\i3»'\ ajddd,{]A. of J«^) ancestors, forefathers. 

^Ss^\ wr^ djudk (properly ayudh), m. 
a weapon t, [rant, clownish, h. 

S>'\ '3^B ujadd, inconsiderate, rash, igno- 

ff-\ ajr, m. retribution, reward of good or 
bad actions, Ure, fiu«. a. 

j>-\ ^niK. a-jar, ever young, not liable to 
decay or old age. t. 

*>-\ ^rf^ tyiff ™- &n &rea or court, g. 

\j>'\ ijrd, m. performance, execution. ijra4t, 
to perform, to pnt in practioe. a. 

aL*.) ajrdm, (pi. of Mff) bodies, a. 

O^^ ujratf f. reward, wages, hire. a. 

^y^^ '9W€9[[ ujarna, n. to become desolate, n. 

\Jljj»-\ ISI|^<(MI ujarwdnd, a. to cause to be 
laid waste (by the hands of a third person), k. 

y^-] 07^5 (pi. of J?- q. v.), parts, portions 

sections of the ^ran, of which there are thirty, a. 
tj>*»-\ ^tWS a-jas, infamous, disreputable, s. 

«iL<»^^ ajsdd (pi. of ciy-»»-1 

X , „ f bodies, a. 

l»w^i ajsdm (^pl. of j^**^J 

C/^\ ^K% a- Juki \ f. violence, oppres- 

l1aX»-1 ^«<Mn a-jugat,) sion, compulsion* 
a4j. unfit, s. 

C1jSj>'\ ^ipTiT ajgut, surprising, wonderful. 8. 

j^\ WSTK ojg<^'>', ni. a dragon, a kind of 
large snake, the boa-constrictor ; lit, the goat-eater, t^ 

^y>'\ ajal, f. death, delay, a stated tim^ 
respite, period for the payment of a debt, aial-rastda 
or ajal-sirifta, seized by fate, on the point of death, in 
a situation that leaves no hopes of life, ajil, (In law) 
procrastination, or sufTering such an interval to elapse 
as to render complaint inadmissible, like our statute 
of limitations, a. 

Jj>-^ ajall, comp. more glorious, a. 

Jj>-\ THI^ Wcih clean, pure, shining ; 
blown, expanded. 1. 

*^\ ^tf^ST ujldf clear, bright, white, light, s, 

{^jti'!^\ ijlds, f. act of sitting, especially of 
a court of justice like our word sessions, ijlasi kamil, 
a full court, a, [mean people, a. 

c-i^^^ ajlaf, (pi. of v...iL>-) wretches, tyrants, 

J^U-^ ijldl, m. the bestowing or acknowledg- 
ing of greatness, respect a. [to brighten. «. 
U^l?-\ <j^ci5MI ujldnd, a. to cause to cleanse 
«J1a)is>-\ "^wf^ ujjalit, pure, clean, clear, s. 

\A»'\ TsT^JTT vjalnd, n. to become clean, . 

to shine, to be bright «. 
B^\ ajilla,{p\. of Jjiy»-)glorious,ilIustriou8. a. 

ftV*>-\ ijmd', m. act of assembling, an as- 
sembly, senate, council, court of justice, a crowd, a 
collection, amount, the wliole. ijmd'-i wnvuit, m. gene- 
ral assembly of the people, unanimous consent, ijma't 
fohiabat, the unanimous authority of the companions 
of the prophet on a point of law.' a. 


( 17 ) 


Jlv>-\ ijmal, m. an abstract, abridgement, 
compendious account, synopsis, summary; also applied 
to joint occupancy or possession. 

^Iv?"^ ij malt, abridged, compendious; in law 

■ it denotes what is held in common (as an estate) imdi- 
vided, unpartitioned. ymali mdfyall, an undivided 
estate, a. 

i^j^jt^S ajmain, (pi. of J*?-^) the whole, a. 

^y^\ ajmal, comp. more beautiful, perfect, a. 

iy%s>'\ "^[WH^ ajmud, 1 m.parsley. (-<^^iM7n 

U^v^^ "^ivHlr^l ajmoda,} involucratum, 
Roxb.), common carraway {Carum Carui), a kind of 
lovage {Ligusticum Ajowan). p. s, 

f^\ (^«nT) ajin, m. the hide of an ante- 
lope, lion, tiger, &c, on which the religious students 
sit or sleep. «. [tels, kinds, sorts, species, a. 

^j*>Us»-^ ajnas, (pi. of (j«i?-) goods and chat- 

Uja>-\ ajnab, "I foreign, strange, unknown 

^ja»-\ ajnabifj person, a. 

Cajujc*-^ ajndbiyat, f. strangeness, the cir- 
cumstance or state of being a foreigner, a. [s. 
j^\ ^1T»*f a-janma, unborn, and unbegotten. 

ifJs^S.ajinna or ajinnat, (pi. of ^jfu>-), em- 
bryos, a. [guBticum &c. (v. ajwayan). h. 
i»^y>-^ ^ni^T«T ajwcin, seed of the Ajowan li- 

\3^»»-^ damMI ujmana, a. to order a person 

to pour from one vessel into another, h. 
j^\»»-\ ^nT^TTH aj TV ay an, f. the seed of a 

plant of the dill kind {Ligusticum Ajowan). A kind of 
aniseed, ajwdtjani khurasdni, henbane. A. 

^\ks^\ '3I*I^iS^H^ ajrva,mi,i. a kind of caudle. <i. 
CJ^\ '^TaftTr a-jot, without splendour, dull. s. 
\aJ>^\ '^TS^ a-jutha, untouched, untasted 

(victuals), h. 
tj^\ ajuroy m. hire, wages, fare, ajura-dar, 

m. a labourer for hire (whether paid by the day, or 

for completing a given work), a, 

^JJ^\ ajauii, f. advances, particularly to 
'agricultural labourers, h, [rare. h. 

S'yr^ ^Tift^ a-jor, without joining, matchless, 

J^^ ^Ti^^ ujjrval, clean, bright; blown, 

expanded, s. 
CJ ys-^ 7133%W ujjmalit, pure, clean, clear, s. 

Ujj?-^ <iy>jcjiri T itjjwalta, f. splendour, ra- 
diance, s. 
^^\ ajauli, f. perquisite of the lower castes 
"from the threshing-floor, h. 
^^yr^ ^HfYajon, hithertho, as yet,to this day. h. 

^\^\ 7«vSl^'«n ujhaha, a. to pour from 
one vessel into another. A. 

j4s-\ (^»*K.^ or "^WS) ujjhar$ ignorant, illi- 
terate, clownish. /«. [apy- *• 

Va5^>-\ "^ifJSRT ujhakna, a. to observe, to 

^y^^ ajhal, more ignorant, very ignorant, a. 

^JJ^\ ^»*Ri^«n vjhalna, n. to flow, or be 
poured from one vessel into another. It is also used in 
a transitive sense, like ujhalna, q. v. h. 

^4>-\ ^il? ajliu, to-day even, presently, h. 
Jj^\ ^r*^r^ a-jAoZ, of steady pace (epithet 

of an elephant), h, 
jj^^\ ^i|^ aj-hun, yet, hitherto, even 

yet, this very day. h. 
jej»-\ 'sni'^ ajt, an interjection to call, or 
"bespeak attention. In Bengal it is always addressed 

to an inferior, or in cases of great intimacy ; but in the 

western provinces, often to a superior as a term of 

respect, h. 

^\ ^TaTT a-jai or ajaya, unsuccessful, sub- 
"dued, not victorious, m. defeat. «. 

Kaajs-T 'SrrwHVcirr ajlbika, f. livelihood, sub- 
sistence, means or mode of living, s. 

Cl^!>-\ ^flftli a-jlt, invincible, unsubdued, s. 
^^c1aa»- \ ^rflim^ a-jit-barria, m. leprosy (of 

a bad kind), s. [adjutant. 

(^;AJL5»\ ajitan, m. a corruption of our word 
(M>\ ajyad, very best, good, excellent, a. . 
.Jis>-\ aJjh', m. a slave, ajlt'-i-mushtarik, a 

general or common hireling, a. 

jo;A?-l 'Slsft'^ a-jlnia, m. indigestion, sur- 
feit, flatulence, adj. undeeayed, unimpaired. ». 

i^x»'\ '<i-^^ VJo-in, m. the name of a city 
and province, of old the residence of Vikramaditya or 
Bikramajtt. s. 

^jj>-\ ^irl^ a;;MW, lifeless, deprived of life. s. 
•A^T '^m1^ ajiTV, m. livelihood, profession, 

subsistence, s. 

\^*jo-T ^rnfH^^ djlvika, f. subsistence, 

means of supporting life (v. ajibika). s. 

-.\ T?sr uchcha, high, lofty, (for uncha). s. 

\s--\ W^ acha (for achchha), good, excellent, h. 

cLo W^ "^^nnr uchapat, m. taking up goods 
on credit ; also, the goods so taken up ; money bor- 
rowed, h. 

Ci^l*-^ d'^ T <g uchaty sorrowful, dejected, sepa- 
rate, uchdt-h, to be tired, to be disgusted, h. 
,.JW\ ^^ I jtf uchchatan. m. the act of vex- 

ing, or rendering sorrowfuL *. 

\Jol.:s-\ 7^7«n uchatnd (act. of uchatna), 

to separate, &c. h. [paration. h. 

jiW^ T^nzt uchatlf f. sorrow, vexation, se- 

Sj>-\ ^nrrr: uckchar, m. pronunciation, utter- 
ance, s. 

jU-T 'Sn'^R achar or ^P^TT: achar, m. man- 
ner of life, common practice, rule of conduct, reli- 
gious observance, achar-varjit, irregular, out of rule, 
out of caste, s. [pickles. A. 

Xs^\ W^R, SMMK achar, also acha?; m. 


( 18 ) 


0|l>-^ Wrter uchcharit, pronounced, ut- 
tered. ». 

^jl>>\ acharaj (for ^flT^ acharya), m. an in- 
atroctor in matters of religion ; a learned pandit, t. 

^jjl^T '«iHi<,4!f acharan, ra. manner of life, 

religious observance, s. [utterance, t. 

^jjjV».\ <3^K*T uchcharan, m. pronunciation, 

U,\;».\ T^rrmT uchcharna, a. to pronounce, to 

utter, s. 
i/jl*-! ^TTTCt achari, a strict observer of 

religious ceremonies, s. [ceptress. s. 

u.l>-I ^1-MI^T acharya, f. a spiritual pre- 

(3l>jl:*-l wrar^TJft acharyajii, f. the wife of 
an acharya or religious instructor. $. 

dO.\i»-l ^ST^T^ acharya, m. an instructor 

(especially in matters of religion), the founder of a 
rebgious sect, s, 

^^l.»-l <f4T'<rf ttchchdn, f. height, elevation, s. 

bW-\ ^"qiriT achana, a. to wash the mouth 

after eating , to drink, h. 

U\>-^ T^rjT uchana, a. to lift up a burden, 
to raise, elevate, exalt, hoist up. h, 

LiX:fy:>'\ ^r^T*r?oF achanchak,\ suddenly, 

<.dbl5»'\ 'W^TtfcF achanak, J unawares, 

unexpectedly, h. 

IjI>-^ T^Tl ucharvd, m. raving or talking 

incoherently, as in one's sleep ; the night mare. h. 
,J.A&-\ ^ra^i^ achpal, com.l restless, playful, 
^U*-l NH^Mc^'l achpald, m. > inconstant,wan- 
,_^-»-l ^^T?^ achpali, f. J ton, brisk ; ob- 

"stinate, unruly, h. 

«iL»j&^L*-\ ^aRXign^ achpaldhat,'\t. restless- 
j_^-^l ^BPfTT^ achpali, J ness, play- 

fulness, vivacity, inconstancy, h. 
cHa^ \ TpTiC uchit, proper, becoming, s. 

-\ ^"9Tf a-chchut, m. a name of Vishnu 

or of God, (q. d. which breaketh not) ; incorraptible, 
immortal. 5. 

\jj^\ iniTfT uchchta, f. height, s. 

\3VJL».\ ^^i!1«TT achtdnd or achtand-pachtana, 
(▼. achhtana), to regret, to repent h. s. 

jJu>'\ ^SWH^ a-chatur, stupid, inactive, s. 

\lie»"^ T^T'H uchatnd, n. to separate, or be 

aeparatcd (as plaster from a -wall) ; to slip, slide, re- 
bound (as a sword striking obliquely a hard body), to 
be broken or interrupted (sleep), h. 

jO>~\ V^^ a-char, immoveable, inanimate, s. 

r'j>-'^ oj* "Tj^^ 'W'H.M or 'W^t'^I acharj or 

acharch, m. wonder, admiration, aatouishmeut a^j. 
aatonishing. h. 

^^j^T ^Jf^'BI acharan, m. manner of life, 
conduct, custom* practice, institute, rcli^^ous observ- 
ance. *, 

U^) 7^T!!!n or 7^n>Tr uchama or uchcharna. 
n. to separate (as the skin from the flesh, txa.) \ Is 
speak, to pronounce ; to be uttered, pronounced. A. 

\LSoy>-\ T^i^T uchrang, m. a moth. h. 

^6>»A T^^ uchahhd, m. a thief, a pick-pocket, 
a swindler; (in Western India)swindllng,theft. uchakki- 
pana, m, robbery, theft, h. [up. h, 

\3o^^ T'^oifTfTT uchhdnd, a. to lift, or raise 

(.5;^^^ '^^oiiO' achkari, f. wantonness, lasci- 
viousness, wickedness, h. 

iJiS^] ^S(^r^ a-chakshu,h\ind. f. spectacles, s. 

U^^^ '^ Pm ^H a-chihkan, rough, unpolished. «. 

^j»-^ <j-4c|i«TT uchaknd, n. to rise, be raised, 
or lifted ; to leap, bound, spring up. ichakna, to grin, 
to shew the teeth, as a dog. h. [pick-pocket, k, 

(S^ ^^TJft uchakki, f. a female thief or 

(J->-^ ^S^C^ a-chal, immoveable (either from 
strength or weakness) ; an aged person ; m. a moun- 
tain. nU-achal, the blue mountain near Balasore. «. 

^Jo-^ ^^oSr a-chald, f. the earth, supposed 
to be immoveable as the centre of the universe. *. 

13 ^k*-^ ^^^rr»TT uchldnd, a. to order a person 
to separate (one thing from another), h. 

Ui>-\ <f'<|^«TI uchalnd, n. to separate or be 

separated, h. 

\^».>-\ ^H^HT achambhd, also achambd, m. 

a wonderful thing, astonishment, cause of astonish- 
ment, adj. rare, wonderful, h. 

/^^♦J>-1 WPTO»T dchaman, m. act of rincing 
the mouth, sipping a little water out of the hand and 
spitting it out again ; a ceremony performed before 
eating. *. [quence. *. 

i^j^ VNr<(«( a-chin, without note or conse- 
lAjJk.>-\ ^"^Jn achambhd, or achambd, in. a 

•wonder, marvel ; adj. strange, wonderful, h. 
ijjj^ vhPMiI a-chint, thoughtless, rash. s. 

ljjL>-\ '^tp^'iil a-chintd, f. disregard, absence 

of thought. 
A^l»-\ ^^-Mc^' a-chanchal, fixed, unmoved, 

firm, inactive, s. 

<\1>-^ ^T^ a-chand, gentle, not passionate, s. 
jJ,Ur»-\ 'W^mn't achndnx, f. caudle (v. achh- 
" want), h. [marksman, a dead shot h. 

Ld) 5*-^ "Vf^TSS a-chukf unerring ; hence, a good 

,4*-\ ^[^ achh, m. a die, cubic or oblong; 

the spots on dice, achii, m. the eye. t. 
"^T^ ^ ^^^^^'^> ^' sugar-cane. s. 
\a»'\ ^«atT achchhd, good, excellent, righteous, 

healthy, achchha hona, to recover, achchhd-k, to cun. 
achchha-lagva, to become, beseem, to be pleasing. 
achchlie se achchha, best of all. 4. 

\^\ "^^ khchhd,\'. will, wisli, desire, ichchhd- 
bhojan, food agreeable and abundant to the utmoit 
desire, s. [ments ; a covering, cloak, Ike. a. 

^^.til^j^l "Sil^dKH dchchddan, ui. cloth, gar- 


( 19 ) 

jj\^>.^ T^fT^STTT uchhalna, a. to throw up a 

thing (as a ball, Stc.) and catch it in the hand. h. 
•jl^j>-\ ^;4lrl achhan, not strained, impure, h. 
iiiL>l^r»"\ ^'^t^T achhansh, m. a degree of 

latitude or longitude, s. 

i\^^\ T«a[I^ uchchhah, m. joy, gladness, h. 
lS^^x^sA ^T^vrPT achh-bhag, m. a degree 

of latitude, s. 

\L*^^\ ^Ra[«T or ^^"cT achhat, or akshat, f. 

infallible, indelible; m. whole or unbroken rice used 
in oblations, achhat tilak, f. the ceremony of putting 
a few grains of rice on the forehead of an image when 
aidressed, gr of a Brahman when invited to an enter- 
tainment, s. 

iJL-i^^A ^^W achhat, remaining, existing, h. 
^IjL^\ iMpHlriRT achhi'tara, f. the pupil of 

the eye. s. 

^^%^,. ^'^^4-?-^ ^rann^ ^l^rfn^ achhtana 

pachhiana, m. to repent, regret, s. h. 

j4*-^ ^jf?rC achhir, ra. the thrush, a complaint 

to which children are liable, h. 

jA>-\ H^i. or ^'B^ achchhar or akskar, m. 

a letter of the alphabet *. [sugar-cane. ». 

(^^^.>.\ ^4C9 ichhu-ras, m. the juice of the 

l3y^j>-\ T2[^»n uchharna, to leap or bound, to 
spring (a fountain), to fly up. h. 

^,jAd-\ ^Rpd^ achhraufi, f. orthography} 

"a mode of playing on a stringed instrument so as to 
express the words of a song, h, 

^^J^£>A ^HfO or V'odK^ achchhari, scientific ; 

writing an elegant hand ; lettered, s [up. d. 

\jj^zi~\ uchharna, same as ^j^\ to be rooted 

\^j.^~>.\ ;«^1^ ichhu'Sar, m. molasses, raw 

sugar, s. [of victuals; leavings, t. 

tLoiAr*-^ jfvS? uchchhisht, m. the remainder 

liilA^-l ^rjgf i, ^^ <^ ichchhak or ichchuk, wish- 
ing, desirous, s. [sugar-cane {Saccharum munja). s. 

^\1^\ ^^cklltj ichhu-kand, m. a species of 

^■t^.(J4^=^^ uchhal-parna, n. to become en- 
raged, d. [ther to throw up any thing, h. 
\j*^^±»~\ 7'^c^MT uchhlana, a. to order ano- 
Ijd^r-^ sj^cjS ' ^ l uchhalna, n. to leap or bound, 

to spring up (as water in a fountain), h. 

V^l>^\ ^ViiHift ichhu-matl, f the name of a 

**river in Bengal, the Issamutty. 

,>t 4"«-^ ?H|H^^ ichhumehi, adj. diabetic, s. 
J,^\ ^55»T ichchhan, m. seeing, sight, s. 
(^y^[=>A ■3'f^a[^ uchchhinn, ruined, laid waste, 

destroyed, h. 

\ 'A-^\ ^«s«TT achhna, also achhna, n. to be, 

to remain, d. 

ijti\j±»-^ "^^aTO uchchhrvas, m. breath, breath- 
ing ; hope, expectation ; division of a book. c. 

ji\»A».^ ^r3R1<T^ achhrvant, f. caudle. A. 

l^fcls*-^ '^raiTT a-chhiita, intangible (victuals 

dressed for saints, fee), inviolable h. 

^4i»^\ ^«5lrJ«T achchhodan, m. the chase, 

hunting. *. 
^^^^\ ^R^f^Ijft or ^t:^{fi^^ achchhauhirHf 

" (properly akshauhinl), f. a complete army of 109,350 
foot, 65,610 horse, 21,870 chariots, and 21,870 ele- 
phants, s. 

jc^s*-^ vSfUl^ or ^TbSTI achhai, imperishable. 
'•achhat briks^, an undecayable tree, achiai-lok, m. 
heaven, the imperishable world, s. 

t_ - t(^«^T WT^'I achhep, m. reproof, sarcasm, 

abuse, s. 
IjLa»-^ ^n^^nrr achhaitOf f. durability, im- 

perishableness. s. [cellent h, 

LJJ4^^^ ^^ achhen, adj. plur. good, ex- 
C.A-c>-^ ' ^-^ rT a-chet, out of mind or senses, 

senseless, thoughtless, s. 

CU»s».\ '^xllri a-chyut, firm, fixed, steady ; im- 
perishable, eternal ; m. a name of Vishnu or God. «. 
ljurs.\ 'gT -cjIri T a-chita, unwished for j not 

painted (paper, &c.) h. 

lJJu«»-\ ^-^^tfr uchelna, a. to separate one 

thijag from another, h. 
(j^*-l ^%iT«-cAfl«^>"'^68'Sy> uncomfortable, t. 

_.\ uh, an exclamation expressing pain ; it is 

often reiterated, u^.u^. a. [«Ja<i. singly, a. 

(iWT dhad (pi. of 1^9'^), cardinal numbers ; 

tlo,4iU-\ ahadis (pi. of (^.J^), f. traditions, 
particularly traditions or sayings of Muhammad, as 
constituting the basis of the sunnat or traditional law; 
lit. news, a, 

B^[»'\ ihata, f. surrounding, inclosure ; be- 
sieging (generally means the thing surrounded or in- 
closed, as a park, &c.) a. 

u-A>.\ ahabh, adj. comp. more beloved, a 

friend, most lovely, amiable, a. 
i_^L».\ ahhdh (pi. of c-ajJc^), friends, a. 

j]^\ ihtirdz, m. abstinence, regimen ; ab- 
staining from improper actions of any kind ; for- 
bearance, controlling the passions, a. 

;\ju».\ ihtirak, m. strong desire, burning, a. 

J^\ ihtiram, m. act of honouring, paying 

' attention, treating with respect, a. 

u->L«jtf»-^ ihtisab, m. making up accounts; 
superintendence of police, censorship ; superintendence 
of weights and measures in a city or market, a. 

j^Li-jk*-^ ihtisabi, m. the superintendant or 
~ clerk of the market, a. 

J,^Jl>-\ ihtisham, m. having many followers, 

&c ; pomp, retinue, magnificence, a. 
.003-^ ihtikar, in its literal sense signifies the 

laying up of any thing ; and in the language of the 
law, the purchasing of grain, or other necesraries of 
life, and keeping them up, with a view of enh.incing 
the price, a. 

A^Lk^-l iktildm, m. nocturnal pollution, a. 




20 ) 


J^4l»>^ ihtimat, m. act of bearing or support- 
ing ; doubt, uncertainty ; probability, i^tim&l-h, to be 
^ probable, ilftimal-k, to doubt, to impute, a. 

^l*jk>.\ ihtimalan, probably, very likely, a. 
^\.^io-\ ihfimati, probable, conjectural, a. 
p,Lj[>-\ ihtiyaj, m. necessity, want, occasion, 

need; plur. «J<tya;af, requisite things, wants, a. 

li?Lls»\ ihtiyat, caution, circumspection, fore- 
sight, scrupulousness ; i}ftiyat se or i^tiyatan, carefully, 
cautiously, a. [mares, a. 

jU?" ahjdr (plur. o? j^), stones j brood 

S»-\ ahad, unity, one, an individual. aJiadu- 
t-tarafain or a1}<idu-l-'mutaldMsimain,in.\a.yi, denotes one 
of the two parties concerned in a suit. 

(^^t3>s»-\ ihdas, m. act of making or producing 
any thing new ; a novelty, a rare invention, a. 

f^Ss^\ ahadi, a species of military corps (in 

"India), a. 

iJ2x>ji^e>'\ahadiyat,f.\xx\'\iY, concord, alliance, a. 

j[f^ ahrar (pi. of ^), the noble, the free 

bom. a. [fire. a. 

A)j>'^ ihrak, m. act of burning, or setting on 

j^j>'^ ihram, m. act of forbidding or inter- 
dicting; determination or resolution. At a certain 
distance from Mecca the pilgrims interdict themselves 
from all worldly enjoyments, &c. : here their resolution 
is fixed to complete the pilgrimage, and hence the 
word means the resolution or intention then formed. 
It also signifies a mean dress, worn by pilgrims on 
visiting Mecca or Medina ; also, the act of putting on 
such a dress; also the period of the pilgrimage, ih^ram 
bandhna, to make one's vows as a pilgrim, a. 

j»jU».\ ahzan (pi. of m>-)) grievances, sor- 
rows, a. 

jjU«»-\ ihsan, m. benevolence, benevolent ac- 
tions, beneficence, benefits, favour, courtesy, kindness. 
i^san-k, to oblige, a. \mandi, gratitude, a. 

ti.i^L->.^ ihsan-mand, obliged, grateful, ihsan- 

fj'*>»-\ ahsan, better, more beautiful, more ex- 
cellent, more agreeable, df^an-allahu, may God be 
gracious, ajpanta, bravo, well done. a. 

Lls»-\ ahsha (pi. of LS.*-), the contents of the 
thorax or chest, a. 

j»l<l».^ ahsham (pi. cf -•-t.*-), servants, re- 
tinue ; a, kind of militia or armed police, ahsham 
dcfftar, the muster-roll of militia, &c. afysham-daftar- 
dar, the militia accountant. aJisham-ja.cgir, an assign- 
ment of revenue for the support of irregular troops or 
local militia, a. 

La>-^ iJjm, numbering, reckoning, la-ihsa, 
innumerable, beyond calcalation. a. 

^jtLa>'l ihsdn, restraining, circumscribing, a. 

Xtai>-\ ihzar, m. act of making to appear, or 
of calling, a summoiu. a. [serving, a. 

^J^-] ahahh, comp. more proper, more de- 

jliLs-^ ihhdh, m. act of proving or establish- 
ing the truth of a doctrine, restoring to rights, adnd- 
nistration of Justice, a. 

Rs*.^ ohhar, more or most contemptible (a self- 
huinllintoryexpreMion}. a. 

J6s>'\ ahkam (pi. of J>>»-), orders, commands, 

decrees or decisions (of the government or of a judge). 
a^kdm-nama, written orders, a. 

^o^\ ahkdmi, one who is ordered or ap 

"pointed by the ruling powers: such is the d^anu 
zamindar a. 

^x»-\ ahkam, stronger, firmer, more stable, a. 

L^\ ahmad, comp. more or most commend- 
able, or praiseworthy ; the name of Muhammad and 
others, a^mad-mal^mud, a term applied in law to two 
persons who have combined to defraud a third, a. 

(^t^\ ahmadi, of or belonging to Ahmad; 
name of a gold coin. a. 

;ib^i^.?'\ ahmaddbdd, name of a city in Gujrat, 
and of another in the Dakkhan ; the latter called alto 
dfymad-nagar. a. p. 

J^\ ahmar, red, gold, barbarous, a. 

/^\ ahmali, a blockhead, most foolish, dhinah 

ki dum (d.), a fool. a. 

^ji^Su^S ahnahapan, m. folly, stupidity, a.h. 

!0^^3j^\ ahmakdna, foolishly, stupidly; figu- 
ratively, it is applied to money which an 'amil ia 
obliged to pay, to make good the deficiency of the 
revenue, a. p. 

^.J^\ ahmak-pan, folly, stupidity (same as 

a^mdkapan), a. k. 
iJL?*\ ahmalii, f. folly, stupidity, a. 

Jl^\ ahwal, m. condition, circumstances, 

events, occurrences, state, account ; a report of the 
particulars of an affair, or of the condition of a thing 
or person. al).wdl batlana, to state one's condition. 
afywal-purs or -pursan, one who inquires after ano- 
ther's health. a},iwdl-pursi, inqtxiry after health, cir- 
cumstances, &C. a. [double, a. 

Jk>-\ ahwal, squinting, one who sees objects 
L»-l ahyd (pi. o{ ^j-), living things, ihyd, 

m. act of giving life, saving, preserving, iliyd-l-mawdt, 
lit. reviving of the dead, applied to the process of 
bringing waste land into cultivation, a. 

UL:>'\ ahydnan, sometimes, now and then, 
from time to time ; in the event, in case, should, a. 

^\ ahh, a brother ; uhh, inter, sound of cough- 
ing; a^-rtM, an exclamation of joy. a. 

\oA akhhhd, fin exclamation of surprise, a. 

jUj»-^ ahhhdr (pi. ofjcf), news, a newspaper. 
aMihar-nawla, a writer of news, an appointed intelli- 
gencer, such as " our own correspondent." ijdihdr, 
m. act of giving intelligence or information, a, 

lIaa*-^ akhhas,very impure or contemptible, a. 
'^jf\ ahlvpaih. m. understanding, wisdom, in- 
^telligence. p. 
f^jifSukht, f. a sister; adj. similar, congenial, a. 

Jcja>-\ ikhtUanif m. completion, fulfilment, 
' finishing, a. 

\ akhtar, m. a star, constellation ; good 

fortune, good omen, horoscope. akjUar-shumdr, an 
astrologer, a^ar-shumdri, the calculation of one's 
horoscope, p. 

( 21 ) 


el/L^i ikhtird', m. invention, inventing, dis- 
covering, £uic}diig. a. 

\jo^\ ihhtisar. m. abridgment, act of con- 
tracting, reducing, curtailing, a. [tion. a. 

i^jo^.jiCs>'\ ikhiisas, m. peculiarity, appropria- 

\sCs>-\ ikhtifa, m. act of hiding, concealing, 

covering, a. 
ioy::s-\ ikhtilai, m. friendship, intercourse, 

conversation; act of mixing; mixture, confusion, a. 
i_-3>i;»-i ikhtilaf, in. ditference of opinion, 

opposition, discord, disagreement, misunderstanding 
between friends, coolness ; pi. ikhtilafat. a. 

O^-^y ikhtilai, in. interruption, obstacle, a. 

&li-l akhta, also akhta, (literally, castrated) 

a gelding, akhta-murgh. a capon, p. 

jJC^\ iJihtiyar, m. authority, power, will, 

choice, option, election. ik}itiyar men hona, to be in 
the power of, or dependant on. ikhtiydr-k, to approve of, 
to adopt, to choose. i]c^tiydr-nama. m. a power of at- 
torney, a. 

L^^-*"' iMktiyari, f. approbation, choice, au- 
thority, power ; adj. in one's power ; subject to elec- 
tion, at one's disposal, ikhtiyari sulJjt, in law, an op- 
tional compromise, ikhtiydri-zfihl}, the killing of an 
animal for food by cutting its throat, as is done by 
Jews and Moslems, a. 

i^\ akhz, f. objection, cavil, hostility ; taking, 

seizing, intercepting, akhz-k. to seize, assume, accept, a. 

j5»-l aJthir, the last; m. the end, issue; adv. at 

last, finally, akhir-ul-amr or akhlri kar, at the end, 
finally, at last. al<hlri shab, the end of the night, before 
da\vn. akJiiri sal, the end of the revenue year. a. 

—.1^1 ihhraj, m. expulsion, turning out of 

possession, eviction; expense or disbursement; pi, 
ihkrdjdt (corrupted akharjdt). expenses, disbursements ; 
allowance for expenses, ikhrdjdti aurang, expenses 
incurred in the manufacture, storing, and transporting 
of salt and other goods, a, 

C^^\ akhirat, f. futurity, a future state; the 

world to come, in opposition to dunya, the present 
world, a, 

\ji>f- \ ahhirash. at last, finally, after all. a. p. 

<Oj/-^ W^^r^ukhf'otfm.a.wahmt. (The fruit 

of the Aleurites triloba is also so called.) h. 
{jj^ ^ dkJiiri, last, late, of or belonging to the 

end, final or ultimate, dkhiri ^isdb kharch, adjustment 
of revenue at the end of the year. dMiirt nikas, final 
settlement of an account, a. 

^..j^ ) dkhirin, last or latest comers ; poste- 
rity, dkhirin J^arf, a decree of fate, ajtrgfrtn dam, the 
last breath, a. [mean, a, 

(j-*-\ akhass, more avaricious, meaner, or very 

i^jaif] akhass, on ire eppecial, more excellent, a. 

laJ>-\ ikhfd, concealmetjt Hlmi ikhfa. the art 
of rendering one's self invlmlle, like Jack the giant- 
killer, or iEneas it Cartilage a. 

{jtfl>-\ akkfash, one whc has weak eyes, one 

who sees better by aigbt thai) by day. a. 
J^i akhyar, m. live asbet-; a spark of fire. p. 

^^^Xs*"! ikhla.^, m. affection, friendsiiip, love. 
ikhlds-k or rakhna, to esteem, &c. ikhld^-mand, afifeo- 
tionate, friendly, a friend, ikhldsma/ndi, friendliness, 
aflfection, sincerity, a. 

ia'y^) akJildt (pi. of lal*'), the humours of 
the body of man and animals, akjljfaii arba'a, the four 
temperaments, a. 

^J>»-i akhlah, m. (pi. of |^is»-), disposition, 

the good properties of mankind ; ethics, morals, a. 
J^-t^' o-Jf^iii-puldo, a kind of stew. d. 
^»ji^i ikhwdn, \ (plur. of ^\), brothers, 

C^ys'S ikhwat, J friends, companions. 

ikhwdni zamdn, cotemporaries. a. 
j^ I dkhor or dkJiur, f. refuse, offals ; a 

stable ; waste grass of the stable, p. 
f*^^ t dkhon, master, lord, preceptor, d. 

{^•p-l dkjmn, "1 

. «- ,, , >• ra. tutor, preceptor, p. 
^y^\ akhindj ^ f f i 

(^^\ akhawif brotherly, fraternal, a. 

ur»-I akhyd (for i^\), m. a little brother, a. 

J^\ akhydr (pi. of jjs^), the good, the ex- 
cellent, a. 

j^Us*-! akhyafi, a brother or sister, by ihe 
"same mother but different fathers, a. 
j(f'\ akJnr, last; m. the cud, accomplishment, 

completion, akhyar, better, best. o. 
i^5»-i akhiran, at last, in the end. a. 
(ii ir^ ud (same as ^Tf ui), above, over. s. 
tSi ^^ ad (same as ddh or adK), half. s. 

«il "Wt^dd, or '^ei^ddif m. beginning; the 

first, originally : as a termination to a Sanskrit word 
it denotes " et cetera." *. 

Itil add, f. blandishments, coquetry; dischai'j^e, 

paymeat, performance; voice, ada-k, to liquidate, 
to pay. add'bandi, the fixing a period for the per- 
formance of a contract, or payment by instalments. 
add-fahm, one who understands by signs, a. p. 

bl ^T^«t7a, m. ginger in the undried state, s. 

L_^Ul dddh, m. (pi. of <—i^«3^) etiquette, de- 
voirs, ceremonies.politeness, forms of address in writing 
and speaking, salutation, respects, a. 

Olti\ addt, f. a particle, in grammar; a tool 

or utensil, a. 

Obl Y^l^ uddtta, m. the acute accent, a nigh 

sharp tone ; gift, donation, a kind of musical instru- 
ment, a large drum. s. (^beloved, s. 

liittil 7^WF uddttd, liberal, generous, dearly 
^^1 ^T^nn a-ddtd, also a-ddnt, avaricious, 

stingy, s. 

jitil "^^^uddr, liberal, generous, munificent, s. 
^jh\ ■g'^CrfT uddrtd, f. liberality, generosity, 

munificence, s. 

(.^^iiil ^^TO udds, dejected, indifferent, sor- 
rowful ; m. loneliness •, (in agriculture) a sickly crop. s. 


( 22 ) 


lajbl <3(;i«T ttc?asa,ro. a cord worn as a shoulder 
belt. d. 

j_^Ul '3^1^ udasi, f. 

solitude, loneliness; m. a class atfatir$ or devotees; 
adj. lonely, retired, dejected, f. 

dejection, sorrow, 

1 atfatir$ or devotees 

^^;A*»»U\ T^lfhf udasin, m. one who is com- 
pletely detached from the world, whose family is 
unknown, and who has neither friend nor foe ; a class 
of mendicants of the Panjab, an hermit, a misan- 
thrope, a stoical, indifferent person, an umpire, s, 

«ij\ J<il adama-llah, may God preserve (him 

&C.) a. 
^jb\ '^^ni udan, m. one of the five vital airs, 

that which rises up the throat and passes into the 
head. s. 

(j\<il ^TRfTT adan, m. taking, receipt, ac- 
ceptance, addn-pradan m. giving and taking, s. 

Ll*^^iil VHIt^^if ad-ant, adj. from first to 

last, from beginning to end ; m. the beginning and 
the end. *. 

i^^i!^ SH<^!«fl' a-dant, avaricious, stingy, s. 

^^^d\ adant, (pi. of ^fc>\) low, mean, or 

contemptible people, a. 

cLj6\ti\ '3^T5T udahat, "j f. brown colour^ 

t^lii^ "3^1^ uda,i J brownness. s. 

^^ji>\d>\ "^^"^TM ndaharan, m. an example, a 

simile, a comparison, an opposite argument ; one of 
the five modes of logical reasoning, s. 

^^.i^i^\iS\ ada,e dain m. payment of debt. a. 

i^i>\ adah, m. act of preserving the boun- 
daries of every thing ; good-breeding, politeness, 
respect, urbanity, polite literature, adab-k, to respect, 
to behave politely, a. [ruin. a. 

^biil idhar, f. misfortune, ill-luck, adversity, 

jSiJ^iil T^t^ udbodh, m. recollection the re- 
cognising of any thing. ». 
MffS\ adbich, among, in the midst, d. 

l1*4>i^^ ^ffri adhhut, wonderful, admirable ; 

m. surprise, astonishment. $. 
y^i^^ <I{«V udbhav, m. act of being born, of 

springing up (as plants from seed), birth, produc- 
tion. «. [names of Vishnu, s. 

(^^/i^.iil ^if^l^f^ adi-purush, m. one of the 

C^S\ ^n^fiT aditi, f. the proper name of the 
mother of the gods. s. 

LL>d\ adit (for 'Wf^ adityd), m. a deity in 

feneral ; a deity of a particular class. The udityas are 
2 in number, and are forms of the sun as distinct in 
each mouth ; the sun. aditya-bar, Sunday, adit is also 
met with in the same sense as adik, et cictcra. s. 

Oiil "Vf^cT ndit, risen (as the sun), dis- 
tinguished, sliining (as valour, &c.). s. 

yZ0>C)\ ^7^ a-datta, woi \(\\en. In lliiuhi law 
it is applied to an illegal donation, consequently void 
and resumablft. s. 

\5«3\ ^V^niT a-datta, not given in marriage 
(a female), t. 


{jy^\ adatri, hanging ; infirm, d. 
^«j4iJJjii\ ^yn^rrtHftlff aditi-nandan, m. a deity, 

i. e. a son of aditi. s. 

j!>*il 'fllH^rl aditwa, m. priority, prec^ 
dence. s. [same as SdityMtr. a, 

j\^(il ^rrf^WWR aditya-war, m. Sunday, 

euL> J I NHlfc^iif aditya, m the sun, etc. See adit. «. 

Jl>-ti) idkjml, m. entering, introducing, a. 

^Ciii>\ "3^fv udadhi, m. the ocean, s. 

jiil ^^''C adar, m. respect, regard, act of 
treating with attention and deference, politeness. 
adar-mdn, reverence and honour, s. 

j(i\ "gr^ udar, m. the belly. '3^ udrUf m. 

an offer, (dakh) udar, that way ; adar, this way. 
];til Wljj^l ddi-a, f. the name of the sixth 

lunar mansion (probably a Ononis) ; the beginning 
of the rainy season. *. [in another, a 

_\j4i\ idraj, m. act of inserting one thing 

idrar, m. involuntary discharge of 
urine ; hard rain, liberality, a. 
t/jjjiS) idi-ari, a pension, allowance, a. 

uiJ^jii^ idrah, ni. understanding comprehen- 
sion, a. 

^Vii\ ^i^LIHTI udaramay, m. diarrhoea, dy- 
"sentery. s. [worm. « 

^,j\jib^ "^^TT^F ndaravesht, m. the tape- 

-.Ljjii^ ■^^jTf^'^n"'^ udar-pisach, glutton, 

voracious, one wlio devours every thing, one who has 
the devil for his belly, s. 

(^ji^^ a-dris for W^TSpT a-drishya, 1 invi- 
^^lil '?T^^«T a-darsan or a-darshan,j sible, 

unseen, s. 

\t*»jd\ -^f^lMX adarsa, m. a kind of very fine 

muslin ; a kind of sweetmeat, h. 

{j^j^\ '^^ a-darsh, \ invisible, unseen; 
cLAji>jii\ W?F a-drisht, J ra. unforeseen 

danger, fortune, fate. *. 

(^;5l ^BT^^ m. a mirror; a commentary, 

original manuscript; a copy, a sign. s. 

^j^^tii ^l^«T a-darshan, m. disappearance J 

adj. invisible, s. 

LiJjii\ ^S^cir admit, m. ginger in an undried 

state {Amomum-zinziber). s. 

tfj^^ ^i*) adraki, f. a kind of sweetmeat. A. 

Jjii^ T^55 ndar'd 
^jjiS^ "l^fT^ udarin 

^JJli)\ "Tcf^ udari J [honour. ». 

^j;U,»iT Vr^nrnr adar-man, m, respect and 
jiiiil ^^fi^lfl udarim, f a pregnant woman. s, 
ijjS\ W^[^ a-droh, m. mildness, moderation, 
the absence of tyrannjr* *■ 

pot-bellied, fat, cor- 
pulent, s. 


C 23 ) 

jj&j .ii\ ^^^1' a-droht, innocuous, mild. 5. 

(jfjiil "^^C^ udari, f. enlargement of tlie ab- 
domen from dropsy or flatulency, adj. abdominal, s. 

(j*o .il idris, the Arabian name for the 
prophet Enoch. a 

cLo5*4i\ ^rf^lP a-disht, m. misfortune, fate. s. 

\fi'i^\ iddi'a, m. the act of demanding one's 
right or just claims, a. 

iuC'«i\ ad'iya (pi. of l^ii), salutations, con- 
gratulations, compliments, prayers, blessings, a. 

j^iS idghavi, m. duplication of a letter by 
' tashdid; coalescence of letters (in Arabic construc- 
tion), a. [difficult, a. 

^Ci\ adahk, more or very subtle, abstruse or 
B^i^\ adahcha, m. a cover, a wrapper, p. 
i^ii\ "5^ udak, m. water, s. 
tdJiil adik, (for ^Bjfviofc' adhik), more, much. d. 
ui3til TNiG^ed adikf relating to the beginning ; 

(in comp.) and all the rest, et cstera. s. [cause, s. 

^ojOiil S&lin^c|i|<4|| adikaran, m. a primary 
\^li^ <K^4i^l adahcha, m. a cloth for 

carrying things in ; a covering. See addkcha, 

^^4^] ^f^ftf^ ad-khild, \ half open, half 

^^ii^ ^(^^ l IcjM ad-kholaj blown (flower. 
Sec.), h. 

.oj\ <Jdl< udgar, m. vomiting; sound, s. 

C^C>\ "3^ff udgat, vomited, cast up. s. 

\j,^i:)\ adgadra, m. fruit fully formed, but 
unripe, d. [stake), h. 

Ubj^iil V^'IS^I ad-garha, half driven (as a 

iJi*3\^li^ ^llHsri udghatit, done with effort, 

exerted ; opened, s. 

^'l^^iil 4^\iA udghdtan, m. the rope and 

bucket of a well, a leathern bucket for drawing wa- 
ter ; an instrument for opening, a key, etc. *. 

JiVj«5^ ^T^^TT^ adl-hadl, ") exchange, 

^i\>^ti\ ^^^T^^T adlab-adld, > alteration. 

^JtiJjJti\ Hir^tJbn«l?^<Jjl adti-badlij adl-badU-k, 
"to exchange, to swop or barter; to confuse, displace ; 
also adld-badli-k and adl ka badl-k. k, 

*Ji5\ adilla, (pi. of JjkJti) proofs, indications, a. 

^1 ddam, Adam, the first man ; also, a 

mao in the abstract, a, 
ftiS "^ff^ uddim, m. endeavour, exertion, 

profession, trade, calling, employment, t. 

4iU«5\ ir^^n^ udmdd, m. lewdness, wanton- 
ness. «. 
j^iiUiJ^ "^^irR(t udmddi f. a paroxysm of lust ; 

a4j* wanton, lewd. t. 

jJ^(i\ "95'Bt udumhar, m. the glomerous fig- 
toee, or gular-tree {Pkm glomerata). ». seotof brfih- 

half dead. h. 

j^jt^\ ddam-khur, at J^ hhwar, man- 
devouring, a cannibaL a. p. 
^ii\ ^T^JTCT ad-mara, ra. 1 
(C^ti\ ^^JTCt ad-marl, f. J 
\y6d\ •*HfiHi\ adamra, breathless, dead. d. 
(^\j^j| ddam-zdd or ddavi'Zada, descended 

of Adam ; s. man, mankind, p, 

j>Aiil ddam-gar, humane, benevolent. />. 
t^ji^iil ddam-gari, f. humanity, becavo* 

lence. p. 

\yc,ii\ ^(^'*<iHf ad-rnu,d, m. half-dead. h. 
j^ej\ ddmt, a descendant of Adam j a 
human being (man or woman), individual, peofde. a, 
iJl^o^d] ddmlyat, f. humanity, civility ; 

ddmhjat-lc, to behave with humanity, admiyat pa- 
karnd, to become civilized, admiyat sikhldna or Sd~ 
miyat men land, to civilize, admiyat ufhrjana, to be- 
come savage, ferocious, and frantic, a. 

^j«i^ ^f^«T a-din, m. an unlucky day. .<. 
Uiil adnd, inferior, little, low, mean, a person 

of no consequence, a. 
jiii^\ adantar, also adantari (same as adairi), 

pendulous, &c. d. 
<^i)\ W^ a-dand or ^1^ a-dmand, quiet, 

tranquil, free from strife, a. 
J0(^\ ^1^ adand, unpunished, m. impunity. «. 
^^\ adna, see adnd, little, &c. a. 
jiil ^TT^ ddau, at first, in the beginning. $. 

C^\^S\ adarvdt (pi. of O^J^), particles in 
grammar, a. [act of revolving, e. 

.\j;i\ adrvdr (pi. of.jii), revolutions j idwdr, 
^^\j«i\ ^<5«<I»T adman, 1 f. braces for 
^j^jjiil ^^PT«T adwdyan,) tightening the 

tape of a bedstead, h, 

^\^ii\ ^^T? udvdha, m. marriage, s. 
C^^d\ ^^fl adot, without splendour. «. 
au>j;5^ ^l"irh? a-dwitlya, peerless, matchless, 

' unequalled ; only, without a second. * 

ijfjjii^ "5?^^ aduuri, f. a kind of food eft^Ja 

by Hindus, h. [Unm. «. 

j3^j45\ ^?^^ uduhhal, m. a gum resin, bdel- 

f^^^^ y fd ' •{ udvigna, perplexed, dejected, 

anxious, troubled, s. 
jjjii^ adman, very mean, or wretched, a. 

tj3j;i\ WST^ a-dmand, quiet, tranquil, free from 
strife, s. [equalled. «. 

(Jl^.jti^ "W^ a-dmaitf peerless, matchless, un- 
(jS-ijii^ ^I^ a-dwesh, \ harmless, not ma- 
,^j45^ 'Wgxft a-dive&hij licious. «. 

3>» ( 

i£X>»6\ 9%U udveg, m. perturbation (espe- 
tAaSij^ from pain), consternation, anxiety, perplexity. 
exertion, care ; the fruit of the Areca catechu, betel- 
nut t. 

,_^j<i^ 5JgMl udvegt, perplexed, anxiou?, 
"perturbed, agitated. 
Aijiii adroitfa (pi. of \jcj), medicines, a, 

^li) ^V^adhi, a particle denoting superiority; 
upon, over, above (the reverse of the particle apa). s, 

^<ii W adha, down, downwards (the re- 
verse of the particle ut). s. 

^ii)\ ^TV adh, in composition denotes half; as, 
adh-viu,d, half dead, t, 

Jbiil ^ifv adlii, m. mental agony, anxiety; 
expectation, calamity ; a pledge, pawn ; location, fix- 
ing, site, &c. ; engagement. $. 

\*«il •siivi adha, half (in coxnp.adh,adh,ad).s. 

j\i>(i1 *i(lVR adhar,^^ m. food, aliment, vic- 

j\lb(i\ 'SIVR adhar, J tuals, nourishment, h. 

j^t^\ "^^X. or T*rR tiddhar or udhar, m. debt 
(especially not bearing interest), loan, trust; deduc- 
tion, discharge, deliverance, raising up from any place 
or state. «. 

J^i^ I ^\X(\tiadhar, m. a patron, supporter, one 
on whom dependence is placed for assistance; com- 
prehension, location ; a dike, a canal ; a basin lound 
the foot of a tree. s. 

24 ) 


•.il«jljfcii\ ^^f^oJT adharmik, 1 unjust, \in- 

ijiXoj\it>d\ ^T^i^(^ adhdrmik,) righteous, 

wicked. *. [rate, to discharge. ». 

UjljbtS^ ^VTT»nor ySK«fT udharnS, a. to libe- 

(^j\^ii\ ^miO adhari (in compos.), an eater; 

as, dudh-ddhdrt, one who lives on milk. h. 
^^ ^ MXt.u\it>iii\ WTfl1^ adha-sisi, 1 f. pain af- 
^_^j>*ju*»ybiil "CI I VI ^^ adha-sisi, J fecting the 

"half of the head, /iewitcranja, t. 

^jjUfttJi ^nrnr adhan, m. oils, unguents, h. 

^^Ij&iil 'vti^in adhan, m. pregnancy, concep- 
tion ; a ceremony performed previous to conception 
as conducive to it ; a pledge, a deposit, a surety. *. 

Viiijljfcijl ^IVlftfcfi adhdnik, m. a ceremony 

performed after cohabitation to procure or favour 
conception, s. [duce in equal shares, s. 

(^\xJc>d\ vymi\^adh-batd,t, f. division of pro- 

jjfcfci) WTIT adh-bar, in the middle, h. 

^^xJbiil ddh-bagra, half cleaned (as rice from 
the husks), d. [pared, h. 

\xJciii\ ^nr«nn adk-band, half-made, half-pre- 

jflKf Jbii^ ^>IH^ adk-bich, in the middle, h. 

K^,^ti^ ^rfv^ adhipa, m. king, master, or 
ruler «. 

jb JfciJ^ V^niTSr adh-pd,o, half a quarter, h. 

tlOJbii^ ^(y(^t{adhpat,proTper\y ^tfi^mfjt adhi- 
pati, m. prince, commander, rijo. t, 

«-Jufc*i I Wlf^MW ddhipati/a, ra.80vereignty,go-. 
vernment; lordship, t. 

O^J&ii\ NNilMslil adh-pakka, half ripe. «. 

ClAfcjil TlfH tiddhat, rude, arrogant, ill-be- 
haved ; m. a king's wrestler. ». 

(Cpfc«i^ adhatri (v. adatrt), pendulous, &c. 

j^i^\'^rft.adhar, low, inferior, vile, m. the lip, 
the lower lip ; pudendum muliebre. t, 

Jbdl\ W>ni ndhar, m. empty space, the space 
between heaven and earth ; adj. suspended, separate, 
at a distance ; in the middle, h. 

JSii)\ ^V^ idhar, here, hither, this way. idhar 
udhar, about, around, up and down, here and there. A. 

ye>d\T^t.ndhar, there, thither, that way. k. 

\jSt>ii\ ^vn udhrd, opened, undone, unrolled 
(as the seam in a garment, or thread which was rolled 
up in a clue), h. 

tg^j^dy mflliM adhi-rdj, supreme ruler. «. 

&Ji>-jfcjiT ^ifvf 4.(341 ddhirdjya, m. empire, su- 
preme sway. *. 

ji>4i\ J6«i\ ^trCSV^ idhar-udkar, this way and 
that, on all sides, all around, h. 

C^jfc\jt>i^\ vd|i|4^|Mri' adhardmrit, m. the mois- 
ture or nectar of the lips. *. 

bjy&ii^ adharpandfXn. (for adher-pand) middle 
age, manhood, d. [a sort of doth, h, 

\tM^Ci\^raiKj^adharsd,m. a half-pieceof cloth, 

*;fc«3^ ^V^ a-dharm, m. injustice, impiety; 

sin, crime; adj. unjust, impious, adharm-ch&rt, un^ 
righteous, wicked, s. [crime. A* 

ll^(^;i\ ^av^«n adharm-pand, m. injustice, 

lli«Jbii\ >NvAhT arf/tarmaia,f.unrighteoU8ness.^. 

,^JL>CjibS\^'V(f^ adharmiskth, very wicked. «, 

^o^J^ ^IV*ff a-dharmt, unjust, sinful, cri- 

"minal. t. 

jfcii^^cJbii^ adhare-adhar, separate, aside, d. 

0)'fcti\ udharnd (see udherna), to undo, un- 
ravel, d. 

t.dJj6ii^ ^rftrcF adhik, more, greater, abundant, 
excessive, additional, augmented, adhak, a half, a part 
(less in use than adha or adh). s. 

till&ii^ g'S'* uddhak, m. asthma; act of gasp- 
ing or panting ; plethora in the vessels of the head ; 
headache, indigestion, s. 

jOJfrii\ ^rM«hK adhikdr, ra. possession, extent 

of dominion, a kingdom ; the bearing of royal insignia, 
authority, rule, privilege, inheritance, s. 


reign ruler, autocrat, an o\raer, one possessing autho- 
rity (absolute or derived), right, title, or privilege | 
one empowered, s. [increase, t, 

Xi^^2>\ ^fVnirT«n adhikdnd, a. to augment, to 

i^oJbti^ ^rftnirT^ adhikd,t, f. increase, aug- 
mentation, abundance, supremacy. *, 

jjLxfcti^ ^M^m<^ adh-kapdU, f. a pain af- 
"fecting half the head; a nut of Areca, shaped like a 
hemisphere (probably from two kernels being con- 
tained in one shell) t to such a nut the virtue is as- 
cribed oi' curing the disease of the same name, i. 


( 25 ; 


U^il ^IVcFHT adhihta, f. excess, addition, s. 
\a^ii\ ^ VoU^ T adh-hachcha, m. adh-kachchi, 

f. half ripe ; a kind of soil in Saharanpur. A. 

Usi^i>\ ^ro«>f^^^ adh-kackra, m. adh-kachri, 

f. half dressed (victuals). A. 

J^S\ "^rins^ adh-har, m. half the tax, or duty 
of any kind, the other half being remitted, adh-kart, 
f. an instalment of eight anas in the rupee, s. 

CJ^Jbii\'^ff'J!^ adhikrit,m. asuperintendant, 
an inspector of receipts and disbursements, an auditor 
of public accounts, s. 

j^J^S\ ^ffftr^ adhikarma, m. superinten- 

' dence, supervision, government, adhikarma-krit, m. 

a supervisor, s, [title, right, s. 

^jj^il ^rtIefi.T!I adhikaran, m. superiority, 
(JjSj&^I '^nicn^ adh-kart, f. an instalment of 

eight anas in the rupee, or half the ^vemraent im- 
post, h. [pronounced, h. 

\.^d\ "^TJlZfUft adh-haha, half spoken, half 

AAWbtsT ^arrfv^ Mhihya, m. excess, an over- 
plus, abundance, s, 
^jJi>4i\ adh-gadra, half ripe (fruit, &c.). d. 
jfiiiS adham, a dark or dusky liorse. a. 

^^\ W^ adham, mean, vile, wretched, con- 

' temptible. ». 

Jb»il^4i^ ^SI VH I VH adhamadham, extremely 
mean or base, t, 

(^jj^ii\ ^ff^^(Pim adhimas, m. an intercalary 
month, vyhich happens once in three years, when two 
lunations occur within one solar month, s. — Hind. 

i«*i\^iil ^ftpTT^ adhimam, m. fleshy ex- 
crescence of the eye, cancer of the eye. ». 

\j^^\ ^Jtnro adh-mara, 1 

jvjj^iil 'STTmTT adh-maran, > half dead. s. 

\y^^\ ^IVT^IT adh-mu,a, J 

i^i^\ ^?«T adhan, m. water set to boil for 

the dressing of victuals, h. 

^^fcii^ '^WtT a-dhan, poor, destitute, s. 
cdliifctiT '3T|Vir«1<i adhiinik, recent, modern, 

belonging to the present time. t. 
liSokfctiT ^nvffT3FTn adhunikta, f. recentness, 

the being inoderu novelty, i. 

i^xfciil W^ adhang, n\. palsy affecting half 

the body, hemiplegia, s. 
^jj&ii\ ■igi' ii rft adhangi, palsied, paralytic, s. 

jjyj>ii) ^ifrft a-dhant, poor, indigent, s. 

j\jJ&ii\ W^^ adh-war, half (generally ap- 
plied to pieces of doth); a half-web. A. 

j>^d\ ^nitKK. adhotar, f. a fine kind of 
cloth, h. 

\j^^\ ^R^ adhura, half ready, unfinished, 
half dressed ; immature (a foetus). adhSra-jana, to 
miscarry (a female), h. 

(jfj'ybibl ^rotft adhaufi, f. half a hide (of a 

thick strong kind), h. 

^^xojfrii) ^Wl'i^ adho-mukh, with the head 

downwards (a posture used in the tapeisyd or austere 
devotion of the Hindus) ; drooping the head (from 
grief or shame), headlong, inverted, turned upside 
down. «. 

^jjy&ti) ^nWT adhrvan, half of any thing, h. 

U*J&ti1 ^?f^f^^ adhivinna, f. a superseded 

wife. s. 
3lSy&«3l adhonad, half and half, nisfa-nisfi. d. 

tiJJlt^oybiil ^fv^^fqolj adhivedanik, m. 

dowry or alimony given to a wife who is superseded 
by a second marriage. ». 

^ii) ^I^ addhl, f. half of a damri (a 
small coin) ; half a piece of cloth, h. 

IjJ&iil ^nWI adhya, division of produce be- 
tween two parties in equal shares, one furnishing the 
seed and the other the labour, h. 

uiIji.Ui6ti] ^«nn«F or ^«rme|f adhyapak or 

adhyapalc, m. a teacher, one who instructs in the 
sacred Looks., s. 

j^ljjfciil ^inm«T adhyapan, m. instructing, 
* teacliing the sacred books, s. 

jljj&ti! ^f^jmt. adhiyar, m. a man who passes 
half his time in one village and half in another: of 
such a one it is said, adidydr karta hat, " he acts as 
adhiyar." h, 

(j-.Ufc jl 'ssfVTI^ adhiyan, f. a half-share, h, 

Uljjfcti! ^UflHT or '?rf>niT«n adhyana or adhir 
ydna, a. to halve, to divide, h. 

j_^Ufciil ^liirra adhyaya, m. section, chapter. «, 

„^^4il adhyachh, for ^BWTII adhyaksh, m, a 
master, supcrintendant, &c. ; a man of rank. s. 

j(^i^\ ^V^^ a-dhtr, confused, perplexed, 
hasty, precipitate, irresolute, impatient, unsteady, s. 

13^ i I "Sl^ft^irr a-dhirata, f. impatience, per- 
plexity, haste, precipitation, fickleness, unsteadiness, 
confusion. «. 

^^i)\ ^tfhc»T a-dhlraj, m. perplexity, dis- 
traction, unsteadiness ; adj. perplexed, distracted, un- 
steady, impatient, feeble, irresolute ; also a-dhairj. s. 

\>-fibd\ ^Ttftr^n a-dhhja, 'I perplexed, dis- 
LS'^Jt^'^^ ^>ftT5ft a-dhtrji,) tracted. "^I^*^! 

a-dhairjd, m. instability, want of firmness, s. 
U^«il "3^T«nwc?Aerna, toundo. Seeudherna. 

JfJLfciil ^^ adher, middle-aged ; just past the 
prime of life (applied most frequently to women). A. 

jAfctil "gr^ udher, m. unravelling, unweav- 
ing, udher-bun, perplexity, h. 
U>Jjkfctil ^J^^xnn adher-pand, m. the middle 
period of life, manhood, mature age. h. 

G]^iil '^VTJTT, udherna, "1 to undo, un- 
C^J"*'^' ^ii^%T, udhernaun,) ravel, h. 
.^-iJJ6(ii ^nfh^r; adhishrvar, m. an emperor, 

a king paramount, s. 

^ji.JoJ&i)I •snflTBJ adhyahsh m. a master, lord, 

governor, supcrintendant. s. 

^;XjJfc4il '^imfM adhyagni, property or settle- 
ment given to a wife when superseded by a new 
marriage on tlie part of the husband ; it is given 
during the marriage ceremony, over the nuptial fire. s. 

^Lj&J "^rifoST o(^//e/a, m. half apaisa (a small 

coin), amounting to 12J dams or 4 damris. h. 

^JjJbtil ^x^*^ adJ/eU, f. half a rvpi ; also 

a kind of measure used for corn ; also half a gold 
mohur. h. [half-share, h. 

^J^til ^Jvfi^lT adheliya, a proprietor of a 

jj^ii) or ^^Aifctit ^I^Nt or ^T^«T adhln or 

adhin, submissive, obedient, obsequious, humble, do- 
cile, dependent. *. 

{jrJb:>\ ^PXR adhi/an(foT adhyayan) m. study, 
application, especially of the sacred books. 3. 

IJijuJfc^il wfttTTTT or ^ivtcfjll adhinatajX^. sub- 

j^^ljajLfctil ^\flffdl^ adhinata,i, J mis- 
sion, obedience, obsequiousness, servility, dependence, . 
slavery, s. 

^_^JJ^lil ^nft«ft adhini, f. obsequiousness, ser- 

"vility, submission; petition. «. 

ijd\ ^^ uday or udaya, m. dawn, sunrise, 
ascent ; the east, in opposition to asta, the west, the 
eastern mountain from behind which the sun is supposed 
to rise ; light, splendour ; prosperity, uday-h. to rise 
(as the sun), uday-ada tak tumhura raj ho, may your 
sway extend from the east to the west. s. 

(_?iil ^nj adya, first initial. 5. -[pity. «. 

biit ^^xrr a-daya, unfeeling, destitute of 

C.**rtb^l '^Tn^ ndaydsta, from sun-rise to 
8un-set, from east to west. s. 

^^bijl adyan, (pi. of ^^.«i), religions, religious 
rites or ceremonies, a. 

^jjbii) "^lETR udydn, m. a royal pleasure- 

gp-ound. t. 

i^d\ adib, m. a. te&cher; adj. courteous, a. 

C*A^.«il TJgtft uddlpta, illuminated, .t. 

^^-»)sil '9|()Mtf uddipan, adj. exciting, inflam- 
ing, as passion ; m. blazing, glowing, of a Imninoua 
body, s, 

iJl/^,1^1 'Tinr udyat, m. a section, a chapter; 

adj. raised, held up; active, persevering, labouring di- 
ligently and incessantly, t. [trace. «. 

^jl>iil '^!^ uddesh, m. a scope, a vestige, a 

^jiJ.iil ^^ ddesh, m. an order, a command j 

a salutation of Jogis ; in grammar, a mbstitute. s. 
tjJo^iil adik, (same as adik or adhik),more. d, 
^^^C)\ "WWfudyam, m. strenuous exertion, per- 
severance, labour ; calling, trade. «. 

20 U>l 

Viil adim, goats' leather perfumed, which 

they bring from Arabia. Pers. the face. a. 

CL*'y\>^\ 'SmERf ddyant, first and last, begin- 

ning and end ; adj. from first to last, from beginning 
to end. s. 

euoi^t adina, Friday, p. 

C>yiii\ ^raftW a-dyot, without splendour. 

udyot, m. light, lustre. 

(_5tl>j ^ji^) ade-wade, m. procrastination, ade- 
wade-k, to put off, to evade, to shuffle, d. 

tjjy>,d\ "l^ftT udyog, ra. exertion, perseve- 
rance, continued endeavour, s. [severing, t, 

ji^j^il Tsft'ft udyogif active, laborious, per- 

^p\ "3^7Tt udayi, prosperous, flourishing, s. 
liil 4|||1 dddd,m. a stand or station where 

porters &c. wait to be hired ; a stall, booth, shop. &c. 
ddda-ddr, a palki bearer or dak runner, v. Wilson. A, 

iiiKJil ''sm^S^ adar-udar, ra. a ditch and 

the mound of earth thrown up from it, forming th« 
boundary of a field, h. 

Jf>'6 1 ^|j%K adamhar, m, charge sounded 

by musical instruments ; commencement ; pride, ar- 
rogance ; anger, passion ; happiness, pleasure. «. 

c_J>j<il T?<J udup, m. a raft, a float. $. 

Jj3l ^^555 a-dol, immoveable, unshaken, h. 

uLb>(i I ^Ideh ddhak, m. a measure of capa- 
city (for dry measure), about 750 of our cubic inches, h. 

lil iz or lil izd, when, lo, behold, azd, vexa- 
tion, injury, a. 

jlil azd}' or dzdr, name of one of the Chal- 
dean months, nearly corresponding to oar March ; 
dsdri, vernal, o. 

^^f^]azdn,f. the summons to prayers,generaUy 
proclaimed from the minars or towers of a mosque, a. 

tibil uzhak (fem. uzbakm), an Uzbek, or 
one of the Tartar tribe so called, p. 

jCi\ dzur, m. fire ; the name of Abraham's 
father (Terah) ; the ninth solar month, p. 

j^ .il dzarin m. camomile flower, ox-eye. p. 

^U-iil iz^duj xn, obedience, submission ; con- 
fidence, belief, a. 
W(il azuha, or dzitka, m. food, nourishment, jo. 

j^'i^\ azkdr, (pi. of j>i) praises of God. 
iz^dr, remembering, prairing (Ck>d). a. 

\^b^ azkiyd, (pi. of ^^'6) people of pene- 
tration and understanding ;"the acute, the ingenious, a. 

J(il azaU, base, most vile, abject, a. 

jjil izn or azn, m. permission ; dismission. 
as^n, chanting the J^r,dn ; hearing, a. 

Mjil azuka or azuka, m. food. p. 

jj^Ubil aZfhdn (pi. of ^^fci), geniuses, intel- 
lects, capacities, a. 


( 27 ) 


dO^l aziyat, f. wanton injury, oppression, 
distress, vexation, a. 

j\ d?; (r. of atvardan) bring thou ; used in 
comp. ; as, bar-ar, fruit-bringing, fertile, p. 

j! ^IR ar, f, a goad, a kind of ladle; the ar- 
tificial spur of a game cock. h. 

ji ar, if; (contraction for jf) agar), p. 

j\ T^ ur, m. the breast, ur-l. to embrace, to 

caress. '^^ uru, f. the upper part of the thigh; 

adj. large, great, ample. ^rPC'"''' ^ ^oe. s. 
j\ ^7^fl/'M, (sameasjjl), and, more, again, h. 

\j\ "WXiard, m. a saw; a shoemaker's knife or 
^wl ; the name of a district, Arrah in Shahabad. h. 

ij\ drd, or drd,e, in composition, denotes 
adorning; as, joAoTJ-ara, world-adorning, p. 

iOij\ ardha, m. a wheeled carriage, gun-car- 
riage, &c., a cart. p. 

CJ\j\ ^Kifir drdti, m. an enemy, s. 

w^^ ^^TTT arrdtd, m. a loud and prolonged 
sound (as from the discharge of artillery, or the fall 
of a building), h. 

j^W-^l drd-jdri, f. (for dnd-jdnd), coming 
and going, d, [(a country), s. 

Cii»-y 'WTT'nf a-rdjak, destitute of a king, 
^(iM imJaijI m.desire,inclination,wish,pur- 
lil\j\ irdda, J pose, de8ign,plan,intention. a. 

jofc«iM ^TT1V«T drddhan, m. worship, ado- 
ration, supplication ; accomplishment, g^ratifying. *. 

ljj&4i\jl «f(<lv«ii (or -^ilVHl) drddhnd, a. to 

•worship, to adore, to serre, to accomplish ; f. service, 
worship, adoration, s. 

9>^i>\j\ WKHfl drddhya, worshipful, vene- 
rable; name of a class of brahmans. s. [base. a. 
iJiU arazi7(pl.of Jii,^),lowest, meanest, most 

];U V<KI ardrd, m. marks of nails left after 

scratching, h. [going, d. 

(ffjUj! drdzdri, f. thoroughfare, coming and 

Oy} arazil, lowest. See ardzil. a. 

j^^ijl drdstagi, f. dressing, preparation, 
"getting into order, regularity, ornament, p. 
^j^Lj^I drdstan (r. drd or drdy), to adorn, p. 

el***\A drdsta, prepared, dressed, adorned, 

embellished, regular, decked out. p. [tions of land. a. 

ijo\j\ ardzt, (pl.of^_^\) lands, detached por- 

CL*5U irakat, f. spilling, pouring forth, piss- 
ing, a. [grove, s. 

(♦Vt ^TTOT drdm, m. a pleasure-garden, a 

f^y dram, m. ease, rest, Jiealth, relief, re- 
' pose, dram-k, to rest, to repose, fudm-pana, to reco- 
ver, ardm-falah, idle, slothful, a lover of e.ise. drdm- 
girtftan, to become quiet, to take it easy. /;. 

j 8oU\.t aramgdh, also aram-gdh,f. a resting- 
place, a bedchamber, firdaus-drdmgdh, resting in para- 
dise, an epithet applied to Mul^ammad Shah of Delhi, p 

,Jxi\.\ ardmil, (pi. of 'i^^), widows ; dis- 
tressed, poor, in want of victuals (females), a. 
id^\\ drdmi,a, lover of ease, idle, slothful, p. 
Siid^Vt drdmlda, (also dramtda), at ease, 

tranquil, p. 

\j\j\ 'SlI.TfTT arrdnd, n. to produce a continued 

sound, as a mill (imitated from the sound), h. 

^ji^.M drdyish, f. embellishment, ornament, 

equipage, preparation, dressing; in dakh. artificial 
flowers, trees. &c., made of talk and tinsel, d. 

L--^\ ^31^ arh, one hundred millions. ar&- 

kharh, innumerable, s. 

L-->b,l arbdb (pi. of <— ^), possessors, lords, 

masters, arbabijdh, possessed of dignity, arbdbi- 
sukhan, eloquent persons, poets, arbdbi-nishdt, dancers 
and musicians, arbdbi-himmat, men of high spirit. 
arbdbi-mdl, officers of the treasury, arbdbi shar', law- 
officers, arbdbi ma'ni, spiritual persons, h. 

ui)b,\ ^^T«h arhdk, low, vile; adv. at first, 

formerly. *. 

^S ^W^ arbud, one hundred millions, s. 
\jij\ TK^TH urbard, f. fertile land or soil. s. 
V3]^l ^n^T^ arbardnd, n. to hurry, to be 

confused, perplexed, agitated, h. 

ig*^j^ Tt^ tirbasi, name of an apsard, or 

"female dancer in the court of Indra ; an ornament 
worn on the breast, s. 

xij] arba*, four, (also arba'a). a. 
^^.1 arbaun and f^»>j\ arba,in, forty, a. 
^y^J\ ^^TRqS drbal, f. age, duration of life. s. 
tiJojl ^tf^'^ arbind, m. the lotus {nymphoia 

nelumho). s. 

tdi^J,^ '^'Sflarbhak, m. a 8on,a child,a pupil, s. 

(^ ,1 ^^TJT arpaii, m. an offering, the making 

an offering ; delivering, entrusting, arpan-k, to pre- 
sent an offering, to deliver, entrust, arpari-tidma, m. a 
deed of gift, especially to a temple or idol. s. [«. 

U^ji ^IT?l*n aropnd, a. to present an offering. 

C^l arat, (corruption for arth, q. v.). d. 

Oj! ^TKcT or '^^ drat tiiid drta, grieved, 
afflicted, disturbed, confounded, drti, f. pain, dis- 
tress, s. 

I5jl 'STTOH drid, m. a ceremony attending 

marriage. When the bridegroom first comes to the 
house of the bride he is received by her relations, who 
present to him, and move circularly round his head, a 
platter, painted and divided into several compart- 
ments : in the middle of it is a lamp made of flour, till- 
ed with ghi, and having several wicks lighted, h. 

joljo.) irtihdt, m. friendship, connection, a. 
Jl^l irtihdl, m. death; act of marching or 

travelling, a. 


( 28 ) 


d)i^Ji irtidadfta. apostasy, recantation; refus- 
ing, opposing, a, [a distingoislung mark. a. 
j.L-5,1 irtisam, m. plan, painting, writing; 

liijl irtisha, accepting a bribe, (a judge) j 

bribery, corruption, a. 
{j*t\jOj\ irti'ds, 1 m. tremor, trembling, tre- 
(^U5jl irttash,) pidation. a. 
f^J irtifa, m. elevation, exaltation, ascent, 

height, grandeur prosperity, a. 

(— ->^j) irtikah, m. perpetration or commis- 
sion (of a crime) ; commencement or undertalcing of 
an enterprise, a. 

i^l V^t^l artala, m. a patron, protector, h. 
^y "STTf urlUf m. crimpling, plaits (as of 

clothes), urtu-gar, a crinipler or plaiter. h. 
*i43.l^H^ar</i,ra.interpretation,definition, mean- 
ing, signification, sense, acceptation; intention,^ de- 
sign ; request, begging ; riches ; cause, salce. tapasyarth, 
for devotion's sake, for devotional purposes, s. 

Cj\^j\ 'V^Tif arthat, videlicet, namely, s. 

j^l^l irtihan, m. act of receiving any article 

as a pledge ; a hostage, a, [}^S' '• 

^^^ ^I^T»iR. arthdntar, m. another mean- 

.Jbi^M) ^Ji ^0f«f9 ariha-siddhi, f. success, s. 

S*m\Jm ^j\ ^^^rnsV artha-shasira, m *he 
science which teaches how to obtain things, as friends, 
money, or any other object, s. 

^_y4^i ^rff arthi, supplicating, desirous, hav- 
ing an object to accomplish, self-interested, designing ; 
m. a petitioner, s. 

^j-^l ^enff arthiy f. a bier. h. 

44^^ ^nffm arthlya, m. a protege, client, 
person recommended ; a dient, agent, broker, h. 

j_5^1 shiIiTI arft, f. a ceremony performed 

in adoration of the gods, by moving circularly round 
the head of the image a platter containing a burning 
lamp with several wicks, a. 

k1j>j\ irs, heritage, inheritance, a. 

—j\ arj, worth, respect, honour, p. 

^\ WRSforiBT^ o,raj, or;, respectable, reve 
rential, honourable. (. [tuting. a. 

cV>-.l irja\ changing, returning, or substi- 

Jj»-^^ arjaly a horse with one white fore 

foot ; a large or tall man. a. [py, blessed, p. 

S^i,.^j\ arj-mand, beloved, dear, noble; hap-. 

/o*-j^ ^^»I arjan, m. act of gathering toge- 
ther ; acquisition, t, 

^j!>-S 'W'^ arjun, m. the name of a hero in 
the Mahabharal, the third son of Panda ; the name of 
a tree {Termiiialia alata glcbray t. 

ti»jt V^«il arjana, to gain, gather, to ac- 
quire. «. 

U^j\ H<<.H>.*i l arajhna, n. to be ravelled or 
entangled (as thread or hdr ; met. the heart) } to be 
bound (as in fetters) ; a. to quarrel without a e»aa», 
or unreasonably, h. 

^j\ W^f^ aruchi, f. sickness at stomach} 
nausea; aversion, dislike, want of appetite, disgust 
^f*^ archi, m. flame, light, splendour. «. 

\j>.\ 'gj^ archa, ") f. devotion, adoration } 

W. I ^TtIt archa,) an image. #. 

C^} 'Srf'^ archit, worshipped, adored, s. 

iJX^J^-^^C^ archak, adj. worshipping; m. a 

worshipper, an adorer. *. 

lis^l ^»n archana, a. to worship, to adore, 
to honour, to treat with ceremony; £ worship, 
homage. $. 

J^j] arham (pi. of ^j), wombs, matrices ; 
relations by the mother's side, uterine kindred, a. 

^\ arham, more or very merciful, arhavi- 

' -ur-ra1}imin, the most merciful of the merciful, an at- 
tribute of God. a. 

M^ t/ ^J i'>'Ma,e Hnan^ m. act of loosen?."^ 

the reins ; uoruliness. a. 
jijl "3^ urd, "I m. a kind of vetsh (dolichos 
^(^\ "3^ urdh,) pilosus). h. 
i^J] ard, m. flour, meal, ard, anger, rage. p. 

^Ju^lii,! "g ^R Htt^ urdabeyni, f. an armed fe- 
" male for attending the ladies of a royal harem. A. 
(^^lii,! ^sfr^ ardas, f. representation, offer- 
ing to a deity, h. [meal. h. 
ijltSjl <T<H| ardaroa, m. coarsely-ground 
C-j^L^dJi urdihikisht, name of one of the 

Persian months, April, p. 

j4>,l ir|[ urdra, m. an otter, s. 
jiy\ ^T^ a?-fZra, wet, moist, damp. ». 

)j<y\ ^•|t ardra, f. name of the sixth lunar 

mansion ; same as ddra. s, 
u^Jji^T ^n^«B ardrak, m. ginger in the un- 

dried state, s. 
^j^»i.l ardshlr, name of several of the Persian 

kings; Artaxerxes. p. 
j<yl Urdu, m. an army, a camp; a market. 

urdu.i mn'alla, the royal camp or arm/ (generally 
means the city of D'Mi or Shahjalianabad ; and urdu.i 
mu'aUa let zaban, the court language). This terra u 
very commonly applied to the HindQstanl language as 
spoken by the Musalman population of India proper, t. 

^lijl ^Ir arddha, the half of any thing, s. 
Jb^j^ TDI urdh, m. (the same as U7'd), a kind 

of vetch. /(. 

v±A^J&.i,l ^»TT»T ardha-hhag, m. a half. 
j,iJj>-Jbd^^%^f:^ardha-chandra,m.^ crescent, 

a lialf-mooii, a semi-circle, s. 


( 29 ) 


%lfi\i>i^j\ ^tIt^ ardhang, m. half the body, 

palsy affecting one side, or half the body, upper or 
lower, hemiplegia, s. 

^_(X-3U&ii.l ^^1^0 ardhangi, a person afflicted 

■■■with the above disease ; f. a wife. s. 

jiXijs?«i.I ^J-«i^ arddha-chandr a, ■m.&creBcent, 

a half moon. s. 
j3l.>(y) ^J^K ardha-ratra, f. midnight, s. 

cL^tijI "3^3T urdhang (also urdhag), m. a 
disease occasioned by the mounting of wind upwards ; 
flatulency, s. 

t/ii,! urdl, f. the first month in autumn, p. 

J^ii^i ar«aZ (pi. of (Jij), little, mean (people); 

the vulgar (properly the refuse of any thing), a. 
Jiiji arzal, most mean, vile, ignoble, a. 
Ulvjl ararana, n. to scream out. d. 
jy arz, m. price, value; quantity; esteem, 

veneration ; honour, arz-i-bazar, price current, mar- 
ket price, arz-i-irsal, invoice, particulars of the des- 
patch of treasure, &c. p. 

J .1 arvz or aruzz, also «r2, m. rice. a. 
shjl arzah (pi. of ^jj j), riches, possessions, a. 
^^\S arzan, cheap, abundant, p, 
,j,ljjl arzani, f. cheapness ; abundance of pro- 

** visions, arzam-rakhna, or (p.) arzani dashtan, to pre- 
sent, give gratuitously, p. 

V,\ arzah (corruptly for azrak), blue, azure, 
cerulean; having cat's eyes. arxaJ-cAoiAm, blue- eyed, 
cat-eyed. a. 

jjjj\ arzan, m. millet-seed ; (Hind, china), p. 

jj.\ arzu, f. wish, desire; hope, want, dis- 
tress, p. [longing, p. 
tiJ^.Jjl arzu-mand, also arzu-kask, desirou."*, 

(_/tXx«jJj 1 arzumandi or arzti-AasAi, f. eager 

desire, wishing, anxiety, p. 
^li^jjj] arzidan, to be worth ; to suit. p. 
j>\j\ arztz, f. tin, base or light money, p. 

i^^^jYarzhang, m. the house and gallery of 
Mdni, a celebrated painter, p. 

(j*»jl ^1.^ a-ras, without juice, sapless, taste- 
less, dull, flat (as a composition). *. 

{^t\ 'W^^ arus, m. name of a medicinal 

plant or tree {justicia adhatoda and gandarussa). s. 

(j*»jT W!T^ aras] m. weakness, laziness, in- 
activity, t. 
(_j**.\ iris or irs (v. irsi), an axletree. d. 

Jl*«>jl ir«af, ra. mission ; act of sending, espe- 
cially a writing, letter, &c. : in revenue language it 
denotes monthly collections of rents, 5cc., forwarded 
to head- quarters by the subordinate revenue autho- 
rities, irsdl-nama, m. an invoice of goods or rents, &c., 
forwarded as above, a. 

L>^Ad**j^ "^^C^t^ ars-pars, m. partial bathing 

(throwing a very little water on the head with one's 
hand, instead of bathiug), sprinkling or aspersion ; act 
ol luocUiug. 6. 

u*«,i m.ti9i arsattd, m. guess, conjecture, 

valuation, appraisement; a mediator, a broker; a 
monthly treasury account of receipts and disburse- 
ments made up from the daDy entries, arsattd-navls, 
the clerk who keeps the montnly accounts, h. 

,4xa»jl arsath, m. a monthly account (of re- 
venue), h. 

(j-AJUalxfcrtj) aristatalis,'] the Grecian philo- 

yofco,^ arisfu, J sopher Aristotle, g. 

j^>*>»jl arslan, a lion; a man's surname; 
name or epithet of several Persian kings, t, 

j_^l Irsi, f. the axle of a wheel, d. 

j_^l «H.«1 arasiy weak, lazy, indolent, in- 

" active, s. 

j_^l ^i^TTor ^1^ arsi, f. a mirror (but 
-particularly applied to a mirror on the thumb), h, 

Uu> ^_^i*^l ^W^^J^tfT arsile-naina, with weak 

eyes; with eyes as if just awake, h. 

*Ji^l ^TRW arasya, m. insipidity, want of 

flavour or spirit, t. 

^\^} irshady m. command, order. It is fre- 
quently used by an inferior as a respectful interroga- 
tion, in the sense of " What is your will or pleasure ?" a, 

O^-O^' ^l^"^ arsh-parshym. partial bath- 
ing (throwing a little water on the head vnth one't 
hand), sprinkling, aspersion ; act of touching, s, 

cLu^l ^fci? arisht, ra. garlick, the nimb tree 

(melia azad-diraclita) ; a crow; good fortune; ini»- 
. fortune, sign of death. *. 

tXi>ji arshud, more or most upright, most tena- 
cious of the right way ; a person who explains orders, 
commands, &c., particularly of the deity, a. 

ijkij) ai'z, f. the earth ; a portion of land ; 

'<^T. arazl, lands, a. 

j_^l arziy terrestrial, earthly, mundane, a. 

JUsjl artal (pi. of ^yoj rati), m. a measure 

of weight so called (about a pound), a, 
jj^iffjl arghanun (Op'yai'ov)^ m. an organ, g. 

u!^' ^^i7^Q^^^? ^- ^ plant whose flowers 
and fruit are of a beautiful red {arbor Judaw) ; a red 
colour, p. 

(j)j^j^ arghanam, of a red colour, p. 

8^1 irfahy m. enjoyment of peace and the 

pleasures of tranquillity ; bestowing a£Buence, comfort- 
ing, cherishing, a. 

(_>aij\ arfaz, an obstinate heretic, particu- 
larly a bigoted SliVa. a. 
xijl arfa% more or most high, sublime, a. 
t^j\ irham, m. act of writing, a. 
^^^\ arhan, m. jaundice ; mildew, a. 
i^S ^^ ark, m. the sun ; name of a plant 

{calatropus gigantea) swallow-wort. «. 
ti)j1 ^T^cir aruk, m. a drug brought from 

the hills, of cooling properties, s. 
Ci^^^ ^ToinT arhat, name of a city in tlie 

Dakkhan ; Arcot. A. 


( 80 ) 


(_5>>>;' Wnirnft arkafi, m. a pilot. It is sup- 

"posed they got this name from the only pilots for- 
merly, in this part of the world, being in the service 
of the Nawwab of Arkat, which seems very probable 
(Gilchrist's Naval Vocabulary) ; adj. belonging to Ar- 
kat. arkdfi rupiya, an Arcot rupee, h. 

^^f^^j] ^"^u^ifwf arkdsfiman, m. a crystal 

lens, a ruby. s. 
^J^J' arhan, (pi. of f^J), pillars, arkani 

daulat, nobles, grandees ; lit. pillars of state, a. 
(j**>oj' ^'^T^ arkans, m. a digit or twelfth 

of the sun's disc. m. 
djSj\ SNK<^ di'akta, red, blood-red. s. 

^JLSy "^TWZ arkatf f. vigilance, activity, cle- 
verness, ingenuity, h. 

{^^j^ ^^ftfrf ark-din, m. a solar day. s. 

CLx^j^ ^^f^d a-rakshit, unprotected, unde- 
fended, s. [of the sun. s. 
JiiXo dl)j\ ^^1Hf§i ark-mandal, m. the disc 

[}iyj^ ^BRPR^ arkopal, m. the sun-stone, a 

ruby ; a crystal lens. s. 
{jl»*jj (^ )i V<%^^ arh-varshfTa. a solar year. 5. 
cl^l "SJTT urag, m. a snake, urag-sthan, m. 

the infernal regions. ». 

w)' ^njU argd, separate, apart, on one side. s. 

^^j\ WT7TRT argdna, a. to separate, to put 
on one side ; n. to be separated, s. 

ij^jf ^Tjr\ a7-gd,i, f. being silent, s. 


•ji ^HT?T«n argajd, m. the name of a per- 
fume, of a yellowish colour, compounded of several 
Wedients. h. [garments. &c.) h. 

fjjFj^ ^l^Tift argaji, dyed with argajd, (as 

jji^i ^^«ft argam, ra. a rope stretched for 

"drying clothes or similar purposes ; a wooden rod, or 

bamboo, stretched horizontally, has the same name. h. 

f^J W^ argha, m. libation, an oblation 

of eight ingredients offered to a god or a brahman ; 
act of pouring out water in honour of a deity, the Baa, 
moon, &c., while performing their worship. 

^Tjl V^ arghd, m. a vessel shaped like a 
boat, used by the Hindus in their devotiona, for per- 
forming libation. «. 

^^^ "T!^ urld, adj. hithermost, of this side. h. 

*;l irajH, m. name of a fabulous garden. in 
Araliia, paradise, a. [inclination, p. 

j^l^l armdn, m. desire, wish, longing, hope, 
jjUjI armdni, desirous, hopeful, p. 
»^f«i \ 'WWt drambh, m. beginning, prologue, s. 
2lu.\ aramzdd, desirous, without resource, d. 

^^U*)' armaghdn, m. rarity, curiosity, pre- 
sent ; a piece of money, ft. 

^j\ arvian or irman, Armenia, armani, 

also irmant or armaniya, an Armenian, h. 

fj^\y^j\ aramtdagan, (pi.) those at rest j the 

dead. p. 

^j^i^x«jj draniidan, to be at rest, to repose, p, 

Si^jl dramida, quiet, at ease. p. 

^^j) ^r^arun, m. the sun ; the dawn of day j 

a dark red colour, s. 

^t 'STTnr arnd, or arnd hhainsd, m. a wild 
buffalo ; cow-dung found spontaneously dried in the 
forests (used as fuel by the native apothecaries in the 
preparation of medicines), h. 

w^' M<.*i\ arnd 
^j\ HKWI dr 

rnd, ") 

to stop, hesitate, h. 

(cU^i ^lUlll^ arundfi, f. the dawn, colour of 

the dawn, a dark red colour, a. 
\m^j\ amah, m. a hare, a rabbit, a. 
Stii^l drinda or dranda, m. a porter, carrier, p. 

<i3;l ^TT^ arand, m. the tree from which 
castor-oil is made {Ricinus vulgaris ovPalma Christi). s. 

(_5<3jj! ^STil^ arandlff. the fruit of the Micinut 

"vulgaris or Paltna Christi ; a sort of fire-work. «. 

^j) ^^m arnav, m. the sea, the ocean, s. 
(J^.yj^ '«(^<!|\M<^ arunopal, m. a ruby. $. 
(_j(i^i ^4«^"1^4( arunoday,xa.. the first appear- 

"ance of the dawn, s, 

J^\ "^UMi arm, f. a female wild buffalo, h. 
e^j\ ^rmpi dranya, m. a forest, a wilderness. 

aranya-sabha, f. a forost court, a court fopa community 
of hermits, dranya-shashfhi.t. a religious ceremony 
observed by women, t. 

—ijjl arrvdh (pi. of-.*.), souls, spirits, a. 
L-'jijI WTCt^ drop, m. a transmutation, a 

change, s. 

d^jjt >HlCirMH dropit, deposited, intrusted; 

transformed, changed into, feigned, s. 
(j>,jj\ ViOm^U dropan, m. planting, s. 

\jjj\ '^^'K\ urward, f. fertile soil, yielding 
every kind of crop ; land in general, t. 

^i^ jt Vl^'d' drurh, mounted on a horse or 
any thing else, elevated. megh-drHrh, seated on a 
doud. s. 

cjjl arogh, m. belch, eructation, p. 
^j^ ^O'l a-rog, 1 healthy, free from sick- 
j^^jj! ^StWt a-rogi,} ness. s. 
sjpjj\ ^T^PTf drogya, m. health, freedom 

from sickness; adj. healthy,(prop.a-ro^i/a ora-rogita). t. 

i2)jj\ flMH arrvan, m. the first cuttings of corn, 
presented to the household gods. fi. [^nelumbo). s. 

t^jj\ ^€rcf^»^ nnvind, m. lotus (nymphcBa 
llfctij. .1 ^I^UHI drundhnd, a. to strangle. 

kanth-arundhan, m. strangulation, h. 
(J^^j^ ^Srd^ drohan,.m' rising, the grow- ■ 
ing of new shoots ; ascent, staircase, ladder, s. 


( 81 ) 


t^jji -^IM i arm, f. a species of arum, the 

root of which is used in food (called also ghoyaA 
OTghuyan, and in Bengal, kachu. Arum colocasia). h. 

jcjyl ^^t «''">^> ^- (corruptly for aruchi), 

sickness at stomach, arising from pregnancy, h. 
lj\ arra, f. a saw. arra-hash, a sawyer. 

arra sir par clialana, to oppress any one, to commit 
violence, sir par arre dial gaye tau bhl madar maddr, 
he has incurred punishment and disgrace, yet has not 
reformed his manners, p. 

ij\ ^TR: a7-a (for ara), m. a saw, &c. h. 
iJiji>j\ ^tl? arhat, m. an engine for raising 

water ; the same as rahat, h, 

j^j\ ^t:^ arhar,f. a species of pulse (^Cytisus 

cajan) ; called also tU,ar. h. 

\:Sbj\ Tftf ^ urihna, m. reproach, reproof, h. 
Oofc \ ^^Vff arhant, m. a sugat, or follower 

of the doctrines of Buddh. s. 

^jj\ ^R^ ara^%, f. the root oi Arum colocasia ; 

a goad at the end of a whip. h. [an awl. h. 

jC.T WI^ an, f. a small saw, a hand saw, 

^f .\ ^ are, a disrespectful mode of calling 

"or address ; fem. art. s. 

^JJ^ art, yes, yea verily, p. [kind. h. 

b iT ^TTt^T ariya, m. a plant of the gourd 

u-O i) "a"^ or ^^ ureb or areb, f. compli- 
cation, deception, m. guilt, h. 
Ax^.j\ arebale, stratagem, deception, d. 

uilOjl H Ki T u a-r'iti, f. ill-manneis, impolite- 
ness, incivility, ill-breeding, s. 
(jj^jj\ are-re, alas, woe*s me. d. 

loA wnS arya, of a good family, respectable, 

venerable. *. 
JM ^n? ar, f- a screen, shelter; a kind of 

ladle used in sugar manufactories; protection; a 
protector ; an horizontal line drawn across the fore- 
head ; prevention, stop, hindrance, h. 

'j\ ar, m. stop, hindrance; hence the boun- 
dary of a field kc. af-gir, a strip of sward encom- 
passing a field, h. 

H\ ar, f. contention, objection, fault, contra- 
riety, obstinacy, ar-lc, to stop, to be obstinate (as a 
horse, h. 

fi ^ift ari, m. a bird, the Sarali (turdus 

ginginianus), s. 

\'j\ ara, oblique, crooked, across, transverse; 

m. a prop, a shelter ; a large saw, a shoemaker's knife, h. 

\3j»i\j*^ ara-dena, to abandon, give up. d. 
VU-^ arar, (also urar) m. outhouses for cattle, 

harvest floor for the blossoms of the mahwa ; also 

the steep bank of a pond or river, h. 

!v\y^ ^T^ (^T^T^) ™' ^ig^ steep banks, of a 
rivar or tank, h. 

(^'V,'i ararl, f. the measure of a field ori- 
ginally established in a lease or grant to which the 
occupant appeals in preference to an actual measure- 
ment or adj ustment. h, 

(^\j\ T5To|r wraA, capable of flying, fledged. /i. 

OjUi|jM ura-marna, to rob, to steal, d. 

(jij") 3iH uran, f. act of flying. /*. 

^)j\ 4dHi urana, a. to cause to fly ; to 
spend extravagantly, dissipate, blow away, disperse, 
filch, entice, urand purand, to squander, h. 

bU'i ^sir|i arana, a. to make to stop ; to 
fasten one thing to another ; m. the name of a tune. h. 

^^*^'l '^di^d uranchhu, m. flying away, dis- 
appearing ; fraud, deceit, a deceitful stratagem ; en- 
gine, h. [rasol. A. 

^^lP ^RTrft arant, f. a large fan or pa- 
j \j\ <Jdl^ ura,u, m. a spendthrift, an ex 

travagant person. From ufand. A. 

4_y \j\ ara,i (for j_f \st>j\) two and a half. d. 

Jl^'l arbal, a very distant relative, a pre- 
tended relative, d. 
j^j\ ^iMi arbar, m. words without mean- 
ing; adj. uneven, rugged, afbaf haknd, a. to speak 
inconsiderately, or without meaning ; to rave, to talk 
absurdly, h. [tions. A. 

{,L^jyj\ •^i'ii'l arbarang, m. foolish ac- 
(Joj^Jji'l ^r^pft arbarangi, inconsiderate, h. 

tioJj\ ^W*5 arband, m. a cloth worn by 

Hindus, passing from the waist, between the thighs, 
and fastened behind, h. 

VCj^'1 WjM'JIT arbanga, crooked, uneven, h. 
i-~>j\ T?^ urap, m. a raft, a float, s. 
^j^ L--^=\ ^J^ >iK^ ar'ap-jharap, need, 

necessity, arap-jharap men hand, to be hard up. ii. 
jj«jk5ll>j-l artalis, forty-eight (for athtalis). h. 
clbjl urtak, m. housing of a saddle, d. 
'^j\ '^iA^} artala, m. protection, shelter, h. 

^^3 ariSA, m. hindrance; adj. erring, 

astray, d. 
jjMJOj'i artis, (for atk-tls) thirty-eight, h. 

fC^J^ ^f^ O'Tt^i'i' I ra. a broker, agent, 

\j^j^ ^jd^< | arthya J or salesman ; one 

who conducts business on commission for a principal 
at a distance ; a banker who grants and accepts bilk 
on other bankers or correspondents, h. 

(jii^l urchak, a thief, robber, d. 

Uls»-3'^ "^T^riT ur-chalna, n. to walk with a 

stately or affected gait. h. 

{j^j^ archa7i or archin, light, uneasy. 

aj-cham, f. lightness, d. 
:>j\ urud, black grain, a kind of pulse, d. 


( 32 ) 


j_^^*(i}M urdabegant (for urdaheganl), f. an 

"armed female, d. 

Ijbjl ardawa, mashed grain mixed with a 

little oil and water given to horses, d. 

iji^i ardandd, m. stop, impediment; a 

bolt, a bar (of a door &c.) ; a yoke for oxen ; adj. 
athwart, awry. d. ^orses. d. 

iL^iij] ardang, m. the rheumatism in 

•iyl urdu, (for urdic) a camp, &c. d. 

C0>\yj\ arzat, a yillain ; base-born. d. 

\>\j^\ arardna, m. to lament aloud, to 
shriek, d. 

(^j' "W^ uraa, m. the common bug. h. 

\l*Mj\ arsatd, and ^jLajl, arsatagi f. laziness, 
sloth, d. ~ 

,^*t»j\ arsath (for ath-sath) sixty-eight, d. 

^j<i{*oj\ ar-zdmim, a counter security, or a 
"aurety for a surety, mutual responsibility, h. a. 
8ji>'\9j\ ur-fdkhta, a fool, a simpleton, d. 
C^'i arak, a surname, epithet, title, d. 

^j\ arka, a small brass coin, the eight part 

of a Madras fanam. d. 
Uij'l ar-karnd, n. to stop, to hinder, h. 

\. ■— ^'^ ar-kasb, m. following a trade (a 
HindQ) different from that of one's ancestors, d. a. 

Lf^ji LTtJ C'TO^S'bcirgas, ra. lumber, worth- 
less things, d. [firmament. «. 
ij^'j^ "9T»TO urgartj pi. the stars; the stary 

ijji 15^^ arUfd, obstinate, perverse, mulish. A. 

j^jfj} ^I^^T?ar-7yor, f.a prop; obstacle; shel- 
ter, adj. stopping. A. 
2>jjj-\ urud, m. a kind of vetch, black grain, d, 
l»*»jV\ 'HS?' arusd, m. a medibinal plant 

(jusHcia adhenatoda and ganderusta). 

(^jji(^jfj^ ^frtmft^ aros-paroSf m. neigh- 
bourhood, h. 
JbjM W:S arh, f. a kind of fish, h, 

^j\ drh, in the dakhani dialect this word 

denotes alternate, or an interval of a unit between 
two measures of time or space ; as yak roz arh, every 
alternate day. yak kos drh, every alternate kos. d. 

UU&j'i 4d\H\ urhdnd, a. to put on clothes, to 

cause to clothe, s. 

ij \i>j\ Hidi\ arha,t, two and a half; when 

\ised with a noun of number, twice and a half the agf« 
gregate number ; f. a fuU gallop, h, 

CL>St>j\ ^TTcTor 'sreTI drhat, arkat, f. agency. 

conmuBsion, sale by commission, brokerage, h, 
j^3 ^4*^< iirhak-j)arf a broach, a tilt, h 
^JiL^}i>j\ TSyH'BfiTm urhak-k, n. to seek, Of 

cry for an absent person (applied only to a dlOd). A» 

USsifcji TS^tJI urhaknd, n. to be overset. 

nfhak-par, overset, a tilt. A. 

^^j\ 7<^HT urhnd, n. to put on clothes, to be 

clad or covered, t. 

{^'^j\ '4i*\'i{ urhangan, m. any thing placed 
under a vessel to prevent it firom upsetting; a prop^ 
support, h. 

u->Uyi armdp, m. measure more than the j ^j^j\ ^r^^ arhwal, m. a day-labourer. A. 

0JJ^j•1 il^ltll urhaund, m. clothing, h. 
jj&j,'^ ^fl drhya, wealthy, rich, opulent. <. 
Ujbj'l "^^TTT vrhaiydf a wearer or putter on of 

any drees. A. 

Ul&j-^ ^^^T arhaiyd, m. a weight of two and 
a half sers ; also a measure of the same capacity. %, 

{j'j\ 91 i) an, m. a protector, supporter, a 
small saw or knife, h, [mode. A. 

(jj\ 9T3l ari, f. a tune, a kind of musical 

^It/j't ^T or "^^SFn dre-dnd, or are-dna, 

to screen or shelter ; to be protected. A. [iah. A. 

^y^ji 9^^ o-Tyo^^i obstinate, perverse, mul- 

A^j\ ^k^ armch ov ^t^ arainchfi[wi arainskf 
f. enmity. A. 
Ji az, from, by, than, with, out of. p. 

j\ dz, f. avarice, p. 

iu\ dzdd, free, solitary ; a kind of fahir, 

who shaves his board, eyelashes, and eyebrows, and 
TOWS chastity, but considers himself exempt from all 
the ceremonial observances of his religion. dzdd 
Arama, a. to maiuunit ; sot at liberty. /). 

standard, d. 
i^X^\ arindii, m. deposit, pledge, security, d. 

^JlJuU^•\ armattydl, silly, indiscreet, foolish, d. 

jojl '^Tf adj. flying, on the wing. s. 

\^j\ Vdltfl urnd, n. to fly ; to soar. h. 

j>j\ urnd, (same as urhna), to cover one's 
self; to be clad. d. 

Xi^ 'WTsn (irnd, n. to stop, to hesitate, to be 

restive (a horse). A. 
UvT ^ITT«n drnd, to afford shelter, to prop, 

to support. A. 

^'^j\ TTtTfR ur-naganj f. a flying serpent 

'*'■ dragon, s. 

ii^'1 "WiT arang, f. a manufacturing town ; 

a warehouse where goods are sold wholesale; the 
place or d6pflt where goods of any kind are manu- 
fikctured. whether a town or not nil kl arang, an in- 
digo factory. 

\Sj>^ ^fTT urangd, m. a mode of wrestling 

with feet ; an obstacle. A. 
^\ ^sm^druf m. a peach, uru, much given 

to vcncry (a male animal), as a stallion &c kept far 

procreation, d. 



^J^i^j\ azadagan (pi. of azadd), those free 

from worldly cares, religious men. p. 
j^ijT azadagi, 1 f. independence, release, 

(^^\\\ azadi, J manumission, freedom. j». 

i^\j I dzada, free, &c. v. azad, p. 

jljl azar, m. sickness, disorder, disease; 

trouble, aflBiction, outrage, injury ; used in composi- 
tion as dil-azar, injuring or outraging the heart, p. 

jV.S izar, f. drawers, trousers, izar-band, m. 

the string with which drawers are tied, izar-bandi 
rishta, connection through a wife ; petticoat interest, jo. 

iiM\ azar-dih, one who gives trouble or 

injury, azar-dihi, f. the act of troubling, p. 

OTj^l azari, a sick person, a patient, p. 

sS\^ Izala, m. removal, abolition; (in gram- 
mar) the elision of a letter or vowel-point from a 
word. a. 

i^\ji az-an, thence, therefore, az-dni, belong- 
ing to. az-an-ja ki, for as much as. p. 
j>\\ az-har, by rote, by heart, by memory, p. 

{j\y,^ az-hard,e\on account of, for the sake 

j^^ az-bahri J of. p. 

0'.\ az-pd, lit. from on one's feet, az-pd dar 

amadan, to fall into distress or trouble, p. 
*l»-Jj^ izdihdm, m. a crowd, a concourse, a. 

jij\ azdar, worthy, proper, suitable; some- 
times improperly used for azhdar, a dragon, q. v. p. 
ijs^j^ azdari, f. worthiness, fitness, p. 
(jbt^j^ izdiydd, m. increase, addition, a. 
^ijjT dzurdagi, f. vexation, affliction, dis- 
" pleasure, sorrow, grief, p. 
jjiJT dzurdan (r. dzdr), to vex, to grieve, p. 

»>.:T avurda, afflicted, sad, dispirited, sor- 
rowful, vexed, displeased, weary. azurda-Jchatir, or 
izurda-dil, grieved in heart; vexed, offended, dis- 
gusted, p. [beryl, a. 

Jjjj\ azrak, blue, blue-eyed ; pure, limpid ; 

^jT azarm, modesty, mildness, p. 

ijjjji az-rti,e, by reason of, in conse- 
qnence of. p. 

eS\\ azula or dzuhaf m. food, nourishment, p. 

ti):yuih\ uzak-tuzak, m. pomp, splendour; 
the habits or fashions of a king ; the king's seal. t. 

Jj\ azal, f. eternity without beginning, a. 

S^j\ azallat, f. injustice, injury (suffered 
without power of redress), oppression ; straits, famine, 
scarcity. — Hunter. N.B. This word not in any Persian 
or Arabic Dictionary to which we have had access, a. 

^j\ azaVi, eternal without beginning, or from 
-•11 eternity, a [nity. o. 

u1aj3j\ azaUyaty f. existence from all eter- 

38 ) U^ 

wojT dzmdj trying, trial (used in <;omp.). p. 

f^\i^\ azmdn (pi. of ^^U^), times, seasons, o. 

UUjT dzmdnd, a. to try, to prove, to examinb 
to touch gold, &c. on the touchstone, h, 

jJ-^.Ujl dzmdyish, 'If. trial, proof, exami 

(^^y^j^ dzmudagt,) nation ; in revenue 

"language, it denotes an estimate of the crop while in 

the field by an ofiScer of government, azmd^ish- 

gumashta or -mutasaddt, the ofiScer who estimates the 

crop. p. 

B^j^ azmina (pi. of ^^Uj), times, seasons, a. 

{ji^y^\ dzmudan (r. dzvid), to try, test. p. 

»^^! dzmuda, tried, proved, examined; 
azmuda-kdr, experienced in business, p. 

^^j\ azmdj (pi. of ^jj or «?-j)j), spouses, 
wives, a, 

jj- 3j^ a2;ii-&a«M (for ds-pds), all around, 
on all four sides, d. 

^jy azuha or dzuka, m. food. p. 

^J^J^^ a2;-Aar-c?are,of all sorts and kinds, p. 

jij\ azhdar, 1 

\j^jij\ azhdarhd, "' ^ ^^'^^ ^^^P'"*' " ^'•*- 

U^J\ azhdahd, J S«"- P' 

CJ\i>ij\ azhdhdt, m. bell-metal. azhdhdtt,o{ 
or relating to bell-metal. *. 

y^\ is and us, inflections ofyih and wuh,q.v.h. 

(^\ WpR asi, m. a sword, a scimitar, s. 

(^\ ^^ a^i, m. life, breath ; the five vital 

breaths or airs of the body ; reflection, thou^t, or 
the heart as the seat of it ; affection, s. 

^^ 1 ^W a-s or Lj I ^WT dsd, f. hope, depen- 
dence, confidence, trust, reliance, as, added to words, 
signifies inclination, and dsa, possessed of that Incli- 
nation, as from the root pi, dnnk, piyas, thirst, and 
piydsa, thirsty, s. 

\m\ dsd (in composition), like, resembling; 
soothing, tranquillizing, p. 

a^XMSasdht (pi. ofcjJuj»\), weeks, a 

8(i3l«*>\ asdtiza (pi. of iU**>\), teachers, a 

^\**>\ SHfllvi a-sdth, addicted to evil com- 
pany, s. [an unknown person. <, 
^j^L»*\ W^nf^ a-sdthl, an upstart, a stranger, 

J&3L*»\ WHTV or ^m^ a-sddh, evil-minded, 
thievish ; lazy, without desire or energy. «. 

,j&iLrt^ ^WTO a-sddhu, uni'ighteous, immoral, 
wicked, s. 

ljJ&ilA*>\ ^WlVin a-sddhutd, f. wickedness, s. 

«jj63U*»\ ^T^rn>q a-sddhya, weak, powerless ; 
impossible, incurable. *. 


( 34 ) 


j^i ITOR a-sar, sapless, pithless ; vain, un- 
profitable ; hollow (like a reed) ; foolish, weak of 
nndergtanding. s. [style, vestibule, h. 

\j\jj»\ TVRI usara, m. a porch, portico, peri- 

\J>j\jm\ 9flK«11 ttsdmd, a. to remove, put out 

of place, h. 

Jbj\jji\ wms asdrh, m. the name of a Hindu 

solar month, during which the 8un is in Gemini ; the 
first month of the rainy season, and consequently of 
cultivation, s. 

^_^=\jjj\ 'HWF^ asdrht, f. the full moon in 

"asarh, also the harvest of asafh. $. 

^_j.>L*»\ asds, f. foundation ; a pedestal, a. 

i^\tj>i\ 7UIM usaSf m. breath, breathing, h. 

^^^\*A 9 41 1 41*1 1 usasnd, n. to breathe, h. 

CL*^U«»\ a-sd'at, f. an unlucky moment, h. a. 

0^^\ ^rar^ tt'Sakh, without credit or re- 
pntation. h. 

Ol4^Li»^ "^ 1 a-sdkkat, 1 in the ab- 

Ol-lA**»U ^j a-sdkshdt,} sence of. s. 

j*^U»j\ ^'RT^ or ^TffT?^ a-saA/tt, m. a false 

•witness, one whose evidence or testimony is inadmis- 
sible, s. asdkhya, m. a want of testimony ; adj. with- 
ont credit or reputation, s. 

JjJin dsdm, name of a province, Assam, h. 

,^>w«VmJ\ ^nrrt^ a-sdmarth, weak, power- 
less. «. 
^J^^^ asdmt (pi. of ^^), names; (for j_^l^^) 

a defendant (in a lawsuit) ; a tenant, renter, client ; a 
person, or individual; f. office, place, appointment, 
substitution of one person to do the duty of another ; 
ex. ham apnl asdml parfulane ko rakhjdte hain, I leave 
such a one in charge of my duty. a. 

.L^Vmj\ asaml-wa?', including all the names 

applied to revenue settlements made with the pro- 
prietors in detail, a. 

^ImJ I dsdn, easy, convenient, commodious, p 

\J\jiA\ "^mm usdndy a. to winnow, h. 

\j\m\ TBT^ uidnrMf a. to boil, to cause to 
boU. h. 

. 31m»T dsdnx. 

}f. facility, 
dsdnt, eat 


ii*lAJoU4t dsdniyatf) dsdnt, easily, p. 

\jbijU»>^ «44mVI«1 a-sdvadhdn, careless, in- 

adyertent. «. 

^jUi»\ V4IN0 or WRH^rft asdivari, dsdwari, of a raginl or musical mode ; a kind of pigeon ; 
a kind of cotton cloth. «. 

(JjImJ^ isdmal, m. a pursuivant, t. 

c1a3jU»T VIVIMHI dsdnantj expectant, de- 
pendent, t. [pitiful, h. 
C^^\*ii\ Wr(^:*i( a-sdmant, fearful, unquiet, 

fAjUjal dsdyish, f. rest, ease, tranquillity, re- 
pose, quiet, indulgence, enjoyment, p. 

' ashf m. a horse (properly u^u«»t,q.y.).j^ 
t-..»u<j>i asbdbf m. (pi. ofc-.«iu>) causes ; goods 

and chattels, furniture, tools, apparatus, baggage. «. 
l9U**>\ asbdt (pi. of laf*<>),the tribes of Israel, a, 

J^f*<>i asbah, past times, days of yore j most 

excellent, surpassing, a. 
cjA*j\ usbu' , m. a week (from *f*>» seven), a. 

OJL^fM)^ fTEHiiT a-sabhya, rude, unfit for society, 

unpolite. *. 
t-.****^ asp, a horse, p. 
C>L*j\ ispdt, m. steel of a tough kind. h. 

0**^L>**' 'OTrnrre ds-pds, m. vicinity, cir- 
cumference ; adv. all around, on all sides, h. 
tX***>I VHIHli^ dspad, m. place, footing, rank. s. 
0^_y>l is-par, upon this, hereupon. us-poTf 

thereupon, h. 

^^J*^^ 'WW^ asparsi, palpable, tangible. 

" The word is properly sparsi, to which the alif (a) is 
prefixed, to avoid the meeting of two quiescent consO' 
nants in the beginning of a word, which cannot be 
pronounced by the Persians and Arabs ; a-sparsl, in- 
tangible (by prefixing the priv. a to sparst). s. 

sjfil^ijXtji] iS{<4{^|*f)^ d-sparshaniya,\impure, 

ikx^tj^] ^W^Tl a-sj)rishya, J not to 

be touched. *. 

Jy«^^l ispat^mul, m. name of a plant said to 

be an antidote to the bite of a snake {AristoloehiM 
Indica). h. 

^j****] ^jR^ isprihd, f. inclination, desire. $, 
<JL>>^*tji\ ^nER? a-spashta, indistinct, s. 
JyL**»1 ispaffhul, m. seed of fleawort or p\aa- 

taih (Plantago psyllium?), p. 

ulL***) aspak, f. bridge of a musical instru- 
ment; a little horse, p. 

i^JJumI isipand, m. a seed of the henna plant, 

burnt at marriages, to drive away evil spirits. In like 
manner it is burnt some days after a child is bom, 
particularly at the door, to prevent demons, &c., from 
entering. It is often mixed on these occasions with 
mustard-seed, and hence has been confoimded with 
it. p. 

^^L^l ispahdn, or ^^l^i***) isfahdriy the capi- 
tal of Persia (till very recently), p. 

^Jl*JO^_J*>^ ds-pts (v. ds-pds), all aronnd. d. 
(J1am>| ^nnr a-sat (for asatya,(\.y.), unholy, 
ungodly, non-existent, untrue, fJEdse. t. 

l1a*»I W^ ast or asta, setting (as the Bun, &c.). 
<ut-h. to set (the sun). «. 

^Ji^l "^^TT ustd, m. a barber, h. 

J*.\1m»I ^ren^^ astdchal, the name of a 
mountain in the west, behind which the sun is sup- 
posed to set. i. 

iU**»l istdd, standing, erect, p. 

ilLrfl nstdd, m. a teacher, a preceptor, a chiel 
in a department : adj. skilful, competent, a. 


( 35 ) 

^^ySutUstadagt, f. firmness; resistance, p. 

S(^Um>) istada, standing, set up, erected ; 
hence, a pole, ensign-staff, &e., particularly a prop for 
supporting the door of a tent, not the tent-pole. p. 

^JiMi*»\ usiadi, f. teaching ; adj. masterly (as 

"workmanship, &c.). p. 

C)\LJ\ ustdz (the same as ustad), master, &c. p. 
jMmS istar, a weight of 4j miskals or 6| 

drams, a. 

J^A/olxa»i istamhol, also istanbol and islam' 
bol, the city of Constantinople, p. 

^IL*»T astan, 1 m. a threshold ; a fakir's 

«Ju«>l astana,) residence, astan-hos, one 
who pays a visit to a superior, asian-hosi, f. paying 
a respectful visit, p. 

^iiJjuk**»\ istibdad, m. absolute dominion, des- 
potism ; insisting upon a thing being done. a. 

J^jjuMi istibra, m. cleansing ; washing one's 
hands of a business, or desiring to be freed from it ; a 
woman after being divorced from her husband, waiting 
a certain time (three months according to Muham- 
madan law), to ascertain whether she is pregnant or 
not, before she can contract another marriage, a. 

^^ jx Lm>\ istalrah,m. green colour; silk, cloth, 
or Satin, whose colour seems to change agreeably to 
the light it is seen in (particularly green silk), a. 

df. Mj i iWrt l ^^cTRTH astabyast, dispersed, scat- 
tered, confused, perplexed, s. 

dXxt*»\ ^Mff astvt (for stuti), f. praise ; an 
anthem, a hymn, s, 

j\jlL*>\ istitar, m. act of concealing, a. 

jjUjju«»I istiskal, m. heaviness, trouble, im- 
portunity, a. 

ujuLm)) istisna, m. exception, distinction, a. 

CL^\^'^ istijahat, f. accepting, consenting; 
hearing or receiving a petition, a. [menses, a. 

«wol^***' istihaza, m. immoderate flux of the 
«5l^^ istihala, undergoing a change ; being 

impossible or absurd, a. 

C-..>\jk^*** ixtihhab, m. contracting friendship ; 
an action, the performance of which is meritorious, 
but the omission of which is not criminal ; work of 
supererogation, a. 

OjU^ istijazat, f. asking leave, begging 
permission, a. 

^^L«^***' istihsan, m. approving, praising, 

taking or considering as a favour, a. 

jL^^*** istihzar, m. calling, citing to appear, 
summoning before, a. 

.Vfl^*^' istihhar, m. despising, vilifying, scorn- 
ing, treating with contempt, a. 

rVS^*** istihkah, m. demanding justice ; 

merit ; ability in law it denotes a claim of right pre- 
ferred by others, to the subject of a sale, a, 

Jb>^^ istiJihaniy m. confirmation, firmness, 

' strength, a. [an oath. a. 

««ji)^^^ istihlaff causing to swear, exacting 

I »j\i5***' istikhara, m. judging from omens j 

augury, a. 

J^^J^*** istikhddm. m. employing, making 

use of the labour of another ; asking or getting em- 
ployment, a. [extracting, a. 

jg-y^'^ istikkraj, m. expulsion ; drawingforth, 

i_Jli^ istikhfdf, m. despising, holding in 
contempt or in small esteem, a. 

(_^^)c£*" istikhlas, m. desiring to liberate; 
liberty; freedom, a. 

)y5**»' ustukhrpan, m. a bone, kernel of the 

date fruit, &c. ustukhwan-band, a splint or fillet for 
tying up a broken bone. p. 

istiddmat, f. assiduity; wishing to 
be quiet, permanent, steady, eternal, perpetual, 
everlasting, a. 

«Jl*31i^Ju»»] istiddnat, desiring to borrow : in its 

common acceptation, it signifies contracting debt in 
behalf either of one's self or of another, a. 

uiJl.;ijL»*») istidrdh, m. comprehending, under- 
standing ; reaching, overtaking, obtaining, a. 

\pj.JL») istid'df f. request, desire, invitation, 
supplication, petition, a. 

J^tiou»il istidldl, m. asking proofs, arguments, 

or reasons ; demonstration, a. 
jit*»\^l^astra,m. a missile weapon, a weapon 

in general, astra-vidya or astra-ved, the military 
science, astrohin, unarmed. ». 

JLn) astar, m. a mule, istar, a harrow, p. 
Jwil astar, m. lining, astar-kdri, plastering, p. 
\jUn\ usturd, m. a razor (for 8;v**») q. v.). p. 
I/CujI 9MVI ustard, m. a barber, h. 
C.o-l/u*») istirdhat, f. ease, rest j sleep ; re- 
pose; tranquillity, a. 
^^V^i ■9^cro«s<ara«,gratis,free,for nothing, h. 

t\»ylu*»\ istirja, m. returning (to God;, 

having recourse to God during affliction ; repeating 
the sentence (from the Tcur'an), " Verily we are of God, 
and to Him we return." a. 

i\i>JuJ istirddd, m. demanding restitution 

of any thing, whether given, deposited in trust, or 
taken without consent; repelling, driving, forcing 
back, istirdadi nilam, reversal of a public sale. a. 

Io/Lm*! istirzd, f. desire to please, willing- 
ness, alacrity, a. 
k^JIm*] astarak, m. storax. g. 
»ju*») ustura, m. a razor. This is one of the 

numerous old Persian words still preserved in Hindu- 
stani, although they have become obsolete in the ori- 
ginal. The modern name in Persian for a razor is 
" tl^i dallakt" (note by Binning), p. [man. s. 

ijJiM»\ J^ istri or istirt (for str't), f. a wo- 
t^<^l ^^ istrt, m. smoothing-iron, istr^- 

karna, a. to iron ; to smooth with an iron, istri-wdla 
one who irons linen, h. 

U 2 


( 86 ) 

i5\jum1w>1 istis^ad, m. desirino^ happiness; being 
fortunate ; considering any thing as a happy presage ; 
oonceiving well of any thing, a. 

vAmLmI istisha, m. the dropsy ; istiska,i- 
ziii:*, the anasarca ; istisM.i-tabli, tympany, a. 

«^l^jk«*»l istishhad, m. taking evidence ; sum- 
moning witnesses; bringing testimony or proof; 
falling a martyr to religion, a. 

cU<aL<») istisna, m. a requisition of work- 
manship, forced labour, pressing into service, a. 

C-^lj<aJu»1 istiswab, m. approving ; consul- 
tation, a. 

iJljsWalu*] istita'at, f. power, possibility ; 

dependence, submitting to. a. 

jV^ KL rtl isiizhar, m. imploring assistance ; 

remembering, calling to memory, a. 

8jUjlm>I isttara, m. borrowing ; using a word 

metaphorically ; a metaphor, isti'ara-kama, a. to be- 
seech, to beg earnestly, a. 

cl/->l«ju*>l isti'dnat, f. asking assistance, im- 
ploring help ; assistance, protection, a. 

j\js?^^**l istijdl, m. hastening, accelerating, 
ordering one to make haste, despatching any business 
soon ; wishing to make haste, o. 

2)iXxjuu>) isti'dad, f. ability, means, capacity, 

merit, readiness, a. 

lft«Ju*»l istifa, m. asking forgiveness ; de- 
precating, a. [siring promotion, a. 
^LoLjil isti'ld, m. superiority, exaltation ; de- 

Jl*xju»»l isti'mdl, m. custom, daily practice, 
use. isti'mal-k., to use. a. 

^\,»j»iM»l isti'malt, fit for practical use, 
"used ; m. fine rice. a. 

eS[jiXui] istighjdsa, m. asking for help; de- 
manding justice, complaining, a. 

\^\jiun\ htighrdh, m. great admiration, 

amazement, wonder, a. 
SytJL*>l istighrdk, being drowned, immerged 

in thought, drowned in sleep, engrossed, wholly em- 
ployed, &c. o. 

jloitJLol isiighfdr, m. begging mercy, craving 

grace, deprecating, a. 
idiLaAjLuj) aataglifirulldh, I entreat forgive- 
ness of God (or God forgive me ! an expression signi- 
fying negation), a. 

liiju*»l ht hjh nd, independent (in point of 
fortune), contented ; m. content, independence, a, 

SilaJUttl istifdda, m. seeking for gain ; profit, 
advantage, a. [learned man. a. 

bijurti istifta, m. consulting (a lawyer or 
cUflJu*»l ist^rdgh, ra. vomiting, belching, a, 
.Uwfljuol istifsdr, ra. asking an explanjition ; 

eciirching for information, inquiry, interrogation. 
inli/sar-karna, a. to inquire, to iaterrogate, to demand 
an explanation, a. 

^_j.l**»aL*>i istifsdi'i,f. the statement of a pros- 
ecutor suhiect to investigation, a. 

^l^iL*»l ittifhdm, m. inquiring, inquisitive 
ness; asking for explanation, desiring information. 
^tfi istifhdm, an interrogative particle, a, 

^\.^siL*»] iMifhdnii, "1 interrogative(a term 

euM^ijuM) tj?<t/'Aamiya,J used in grammar}, a 

jfJlAlw)) istilidla, m. requiring one to cancel 
an agreement, a. 

C*<«lSjLa»i istihamat, f. rectitude, integrity; 
residence ; firmness, constancy, a. 

jLftJk**»l istihbdl, m. futurity ; the ceremony 

of receiving a visitor m the open air by advancing to 
meet him ; encountering, meeting, a. 

Ijijiu**^ istikrd, m. reasoning from induction, a. 

jKftju*»l istilifdr, confirming, ratifying, a. 

\jaSLLji\ ts<ii!<sa,curiosity, strict investigation.o. 

J^kajurt^ istihldl, m. intrepidity, resolution, 
perseverance, vigour ; absolute power, perpetuity, a, 

jJ^m***! ?s<ii^Zafi,f.confirmingin possession, a. 


jbiouM) istikbdr, m. pride, presumption, a. 

»UxJUk»l istikrdh, f. aversion, reluctance, a, 

( ?\^XjkM>l istihshaf, wishing any thing to be 

made manifest or laid open. a. 

Jl^xJLal istihmdl, completion, bringing to 

perfection ; wishing any thing finished, or completed. «. 

*UJuk*«»l istilzdm, m. necessity, rendering ne- 
cessary, a. 

tUL*»^ istimd', m. hearing, listening (to mu- 
sic, &c., particularly) ; tidings, report, rumour, that 
which is heard ; in law it denotes hearsay evidence, or 
indirect testimony, receivable only in particular cases 
and under certain restrictions, a. 

i-1-JUju*»\ istimdlat, f. encouragement ; com- 
fort, consolation, a. 
.^fX^L*i\ ^H*4 01- ^^cTWf astambh or istambh, 

m. the trunk of a tree ; column, pile, post, pillar. *. 
&U,*ju*>\ istimta, m. enjoying, reaping the 
fruits of, being delighted ; celebrating the solemni- 
ties of the festival of Mecca ; enjoyment of a woman, a. 

5^iXJLm»\ istimddd, f. begging assistance, a. 

jL»JL*)\ istimrdr, perseverance, continuation ; 

in law it signifies a rent not liable to alteration. 
istimrar-dar, the holder of a perpetual lease, a. 

^c^J^LJ>^ utimrdri, perpetual, permanent. 
istimrari jam', fixed or perpetual assessment of rent. 
istimrarijot, a fixed or permanent tenure, istivirari 
mal-gusarJ, permanent or perpetual revenue, istim- 
rari patta, a perpetual lease of a farm, istimrdrt pattd ■ 
dar, the holder of a lease of lands at a permanent 
rent. a. 

-.\\,^Lt»\ isiirnzdj, asking an opinion ; search 

ing out one's purpose or intentions, a. 
:>UJLm\ istindd, leaning or resting upon. «. 

( 37 ) 


JsUjukM*^ utimbatf m. deducting, extracting, 

inference, a. 
\ss^L*i\ istinjd, m. pissing j purification after 

a natural evacuation, a, 

^LiJuk**»l istinsliak, m. throwing water into 
the nostrils, when performing the Wazu ; snuffing up 
the air or odours, <Scc. a. 

lyLhol istiwd, parallel, equal j khatti-istiwd, 
the equator, a. 

j\*"i*»\ ustuwdr, powerful, strong, firmj 

brave, resolute, solid, p. 

f^S^L*i\ ustuwd7-l, f. strength; resolution, 

firmness, stability, p. 

tl*-*o,yL*»^ ^SW^n? astavjfost, dispersed, con- 
fused, scattered, s. 

-^J^^ ^fw asthi, m. a bone, asthi-bhang, a 

fracture ; a plant of supposed efficacy in fractures {cissut 
quadrangularis). asthi-bhed, fracturing a bone, asthi- 
panjar, m. a skeleton, asthi-shokh, m. dryness and 
decay of the bones, asthi-sandhi, f. uniting of a 
broken bone. s. 

l^i***! VT^QT dsthd, f. prop, stay, place or 
means of abiding ; efifbrt, pains, care. s. 

j^\^jk**»l -4(4)i|l«{ asthdn (for sihdn), m. place, 

abode, residence. ». C^g> ^^^ fixed. <. 

jjV^ju**! ^I^n^ a-sthdwar, moveable, mov- 

j^ju*»^ '«{fw<. a-sthir, restless, unsteady, un- 
stable, uncertain. «. 

♦^Ji^i ^W^ isthir (for sthir), steady, firm. s. 

\ij^^\ '^ifieOTWT a-sthiratd, f. unsteadiness, in- 
stability, fickleness, s. [steadinesa. a, 
^j^^io^S i^i^lAX hthiratd, f. rest, tranquillity, 

U^jL*»^ istihzd, in. derision, laughing at, a 
joke, jest, scorn.' a. 

J^i***^ ^IW^ asfhal (for sthal), m. place,home, 
fixed residence, dry or firm ground, isthal, a place or 
stand of a/a^tr. s. 

Ci3^^i**»^ istihldk, m. ruining, destroying, 
consuming ; wishiug death or ruin to any one. a. 

J^)^^ju*»\ istihldl, m. appearing of the new 
moon ; the noise made by a child at its birth, a. 

C^j^itjA vfw<4ff asthiwat, bony, osseous, s. 
te^^\ asthl, m. a bone. (See asthi). s. 

--j*4l«.\ ^^1^ a-sthairj, m. instability, un- 

eteadmess. s. 

1**»\ ^SITTT^ a-satyi, untrue, a liar. s. 
,jj\ date, (for &JLJt>T) easy, gently, softly, p. 
^u*»\ ^(mH a-saii, a bad or unchaste woman. 

" a-salya, untrue, false ; m. untrath. *. 

^Ji\xxiut\ ^inq^^ a-satya-bddi, a teller of 

lies, a liar. s. 
JLaJuu»\ isthal, m. destroying, eradicating, 

pulling up by the roots, extirpating. «. 

u-^\jtAL*il istVab, m. asking in a present, tak- 
ing (the whole), a. 

lfljuk*»>\ isiifd, m. salisfying completely; pay- 
ing or receiving the whole of what is due; reuouiv 
cing, relinquishing ; retiring from business or official 
duties, vacating or resigning a situation, a. 

^Ajuu*»l isi'ila, m. predominance, conquest, a 

5^Jjuu*»l istildd, in law, signifies a claim made 
by a man having a child born to him of a female 
slave, which child he acknowledges, as of his own be- 
getting, a. 

i^jxiMi\ dsiln, f. a sleeve ; dsttn kd sdmpf a 

domestic enemy, an enemy who wears the mask of 
friendship, p. [sympathy, a. 

(^ljaJL*»\ istinds, m. familiarity, intimacy, 
^UJu*>l ^^rw a-satya, false ; a-satya-bddiy one 

who speaks falsehood, s. 

(^js^\ 'W^rssnf a-sqjjan, unfit, untrue, im- 
proper ; not respectable, or of good family. «. 
iJws^l 'g fa iftn usijnd, n. to boil, to simmer. A. 
AfMt\ ^[W^ a-such, foul, impure, astichif f. 

impurity, pollution, s. 
jjU^l iSfhdk, m. (a man's name) Isaac, a. 

Jm»\ asad, ra. a lion, the sign or constellation 
Leo (in astronomy), a. 

Mii>t*>\ is-dam, directly, this moment, h. p. 

Jbi^^\ Vfffi^ a-siddha, not eflFected, invalid, ; 

fialse, unripe, incomplete, s. 

^ii-*\ ^RTSr a-suddha, wrong, impure, inaecu- ' 

rate, mistaken. $. ' 

j*m\ ^nrn asur, and ^IH^ dsur, a demon ; \ 

the asurs reside at the south pole: they are considered ^ 
demons of the first order, and in constant hostility with 
the Gods, asur, a form of marriage in which the 
bridegroom gives to the bride, her father, and paternal 
kinsmen, as much as he can afibrd. *. 

y**\ ^F asra, m. a corner; hair; blood; a 

tear, asri, f. ten millions, s. 

]j^\ ^rrerr dsrd, m. hope, dependence, defence, 

reliance, retreat, shelter, abode, house ; ambush, con- 
cealment, shade, hiding-place, i. 

j\jJ\ asrdr, (pi. of Jf**>), secrets, confidential 

concerns. ' isrdr, act of concealing ; also, divulgiug or 
communicating a secret, a. 

^\y*»\ isrdf, \n. prodigality, dissipation, 

abuse of wealth ; ruin, extravagance, a. 
^yyi^JU»^ isrdfil, m. the name of an angel 

who will sound the last triunpet at the resurrectkm i 

a seraph, a. 

Jja]^\ isrd,il, Israel, bant isrd,tl, the Israel 
I ites, or children of IsraeL a. [diction. 

sb^T mftl^ l ^ dsirbdd, m. blessing, bene- 
C^T ^nfHff dsrit,') one who relies on an- 
^j*m\ ^Sfn^dsartu, J other; a protege- ». 

\Si:>jM\ 'V^rST a-sraddhd, f. want of faith or 
oonfldence, unbelief. «. 



Mj»*»\ WrSHf asram, m. abode, residence ; class 

' of mankind, or religious order, whereof the Hindus 
reckon four, viz. the Brahmacharl, who devotCH his 
life to religious exercises, austerity, and celibacy. 
2nd. Grihi, who lives in the world, and rears a family. 
3rd. Vdnaprastha, who retires from the world with his 
family, and passes his life in devotion in the forest 
■Uh Bhikshu, or Bhichchhu, who lives on alms. 3. 

^yJJCJtM\ asarmel, \ m. the Aristolachia In- 
Jj'^l^l asarvel, J dica, a plant supposed 

to be of great efficacy in curing snake bites, v. 
isparmul. d. [protected. «. 

^oT**»^ ^TBTJff or ^S^ITTir a-sararif helpless, un- 

^j**»^ "^HKm usama, n. to retreat, shrink 

from, recede, h. 
^jt**\ isrinj, m. minium, cinnabar, p. 

^jt*i\ ^f^asru (or asru), m. a tear. s. 
iSj^^ Wrerft asuri, belonging to the asurs, 

demoniacal, diabolical ; a division of medicine, surgery ; 
earing by cutting with instruments, applying the 
cautery, &c. s. [of demons, s. 

\,^jjjt\ ^\'^K\H\m cumri-maya, f. deception 
do wi*»T ^n^ dsrait, hopeful, trusting, con- 
fO,jt*i\ WT^R asraya, m. a refuge, asylum, s. 

k^LmS ^srf^ a-sishta, rude, indecent, ill-be- 
haved ; profligate, irregular, t. 

Jj^OM)! istabal, m. a stable, a. 
^J^ijm\ is-tarah or is-tarah-se, in this man- 
ner, thus, us-tara^, in that manner, h. a. 
U.'^lxa*^ usturlab, m. an astrolabe, g. 

i,'j,A...o]^^^ ustuhusat, (pi. of ustukus) ele- 
ments, principles, ustukusdti uilidus, Euclid's Ele- 
ments of Geometry, g. 

(_)»>ji^^la**»^ itstukhuduSfTrench lavender, g. 

«i***tt^ as'ad, more happy, most happy, a. 

jUu>l asfdr (pi. ofjfl**>) books, volumes; (pi. 
of safar) voyages or travels, adventures, a. 

— \.i\A**»1 isfanaj, m. spinach, p. 

^ysiul\ asfal, inferior, the lowest, a. 

AAm>1 isfanj, m. a sponge; a yeast dumpling.^. 

jhsJsutA ufandiyar, the son of Oishtashy of 

the first dynasty of Persian kings, p. 

j^\.^i**»l isfahdn, Ispahan, the capital of 
Persian 'Irak (the ancient Parthia). a. 

^\sum\ ishdt, m. causing one to fall ; miscarry- 
ing ; taking away ; dying (cattle) ; procuring an ab- 
ortion, a, 

ji3£*«>1 is-kadar, th'iB much, to this extent, h.a. 
Axiu»\ ishU, m. a squill, a wild onion, g, 

0\^^ ifhdt, f. pacifying, soothing, si- 
lencing, a. 

UKmiI T^KPTT uskdnd, a. to light a fire or 
Mndle ; to excit«, to instigate, h. 

38 ) j-»^ 

<JLo>*m\ ^HTSai or VIMmT) ashat or askat, f. 

drowsiness, laziness, tardiness, s. 

Ci*5L«T ^TRT^ dsakta, addicted, devoted to : 

intent upon; fascinated, enamoured, diligent, zea- 
lously active ; trusting to, confiding in ; eternal, s. 

OiC-uT wrafjR dsakti, f. attachment to one 

object or pursuit, diligence, application, s. 
UU3C*»T ^l^riMI dskatdnd, or askatdnd, n 

to be lazy. h. 

j_^J^T < i<ll^< l 1 or ^55Rift, dskatt or askati 
"drowsy, lazy, remiss, h, 

jSSXui] iskandar, Alexander, iskandar i 
r&mi, Alexander of Greece, or Alexander the Great, a. 

t<jd>xCui\ ishandari, of or relating to Alex- 
ander, a. 
&^^;3jiwg»l is^anfZanya, Alexandria in Egypt, a. 

^Si^i**»\ iskandh (for skandh, q.v.), a sec- 
tion or portion of a poem, a division of a book. s. 

^4^^ ^TTH a-sukh, m. sorrow, pain, rest- 
lessness, uneasiness, affliction, t, 

,i(^\jjJ ^ftn dsikh, m. benediction, admo- 
nition, instruction, s. [flicted, unhappy, t. 
X^^'^ ^msf\ a-sukhi, restless, uneasy, af- 

f^X*^^ ^TTTHT a-sugan, m. bad omen. h. 
8JJlC*»I ^'ffJim asgandh or isgandh, m. the 

name of a plant used medicinally (p/ty sail jjfejuoia). *. 
^y^M\ <m^ usal, form, figure, usal pasaljdnd, 

to be agitated, tossed, to get into confusion, h. 
iL*»l isld, consolation, comforting ; causing to 

forget, a. [fathers, o. 

( 9^^a*»1 asldf (pi. of u-*i**»), ancestors, fore- 

^^L*»1 islam, m. the religion of Muhammad, 

orthodoxy (according to Muhammadans). a, 

Jy^^Lwl isldm-bol (for istdmbol), the city of 

Constantinople, t. 

^^L«»l isldmx, 1 faithful, orthodox, a fol- 

ajk*^L*»l isldmiya,) lower of the Muham- 
madan religion, a. 

UU- J-HJ^' ^^^PTO^SWRT usaUptKaUjdndy 

n. to bo agitatated, to be tossed, to get into confusion. A. 
i^^Ltfl usluh or aslub, m. manner, mode, 

method, order, arrangement, uslub-dar, symmetrical, 
of fair proportions, a. 

^1 ism, m. name; a noun or substantive in 
grammar, ismi istifham, an interrogative pronoun. 
ismi ishara, a demonstrative pronoun, isml tankir, an 
indefinite pronoun, umijamitf, a primitive noun, ismi 
a'^am, the Almighty name, one of the ninetv-nine 
attributes of the Divinity, the utterance of which is 
an irresistible spell over demons, ismijalalt, the glo- 
rious name (of God), ismi jin$, a generic name, isnu 
l^liya, present participle, ismi 'adad, a numeral ad- 
jective, ismi J^'il, a noun of agency, the nominative 
case, ismi ma^ul, the past or passive participle, uari 
t\fat, a noun of quality, an ac^ective. a. 


( 39 ) 


l**«»i asma (pi. of ^') names. asma,e husnd 
or asma,e 'ugma, the^ninetr-nine names or epithets of 
God. a. 

l«M» I asuma or asma, heaven ; adj. high. p. 

<JL^\jji\ '^SWrni a-samapta, unfinished, in- 
complete, a-sanidpti, f. incompleteness, s. 

jl»M>t asmar (pi. ofjv*»)> stories, evening en- 
tertainments, a, 

^y^\^tj»\ ismall, the name of a prophet j 
Ishmael, son of Abraham, a. 

i^^-^*t*\ ^HHT»T a-samdn, different, unlike, un- 
equal, s. 

^^\-»*«*) ^W*RT!T a-sammdn, m. disrespect, dis- 
grace. «. 
^lv>*>l dsmdn, m. the sky, the firmament, 

heaven, the celestial orb. asman par Jcadam raklina, to 

five one's self airs, to aspire, to be vain, asman par 
hainchna, to be proud, to affect greatness, asman se 
girna, to fall from the clouds, is applied, particularly 
by women, to signify an acquisition that has been made 
suddenly and unexpectedly, without labour or care, 
and the value of which is inconsiderable, p. 

(_^;<_Cj\.,-M»t dsmdn-glrl, f. a canopy or 

awning, p. 

^Um»! dsmarii, heavenly, celestial; azure, 

cerulean, sky-coloured, asmani ttr, &c., an arrow, &c 
shot in the air. dsmdni farmani, provision against in- 
juries arising from calamitous seasons, &c.on the part 
of a zamin-dar. p. 

jc'*-** V f*»**^ *^^ ^" musammd, worthy of the 

name (it bears), whose name is expressive of its qua- 
lities, a. p. 

Jbtij ^ ui] ^nNrST a-sambaddh, not joined, un- 
connected. $. 

^4f^»*»l ^ra>T^ a-sambhav, uncommon, incon- 
■istent, unlikely, s. [[perfect. *. 

t^yj^^-****^ ^rat^ a-5am/?M77m, incomplete, im_ 

1^^ f'^ WSWK a-sammat, dissentient, averse, 

contrary, a-sammati, f. dissent, dislike, m. 

C.>mm>\ ismriti {f^ee nmriii^, f. the Hindil 

law. *. SN^fiT a-smriti, f. want of memory, forget- 
fulness. s. 

.^j^u»\ ^;rit^ a-samarth, weak, powerless, 

unable, incompetent, s. 

^»fJ'¥**»\ "^miM a-smarafif m. forgetful n ess, 

oblivion, s. 

^yy*%^J»\ isma'll, Ishmael, from whom the 

Arabs claim descent. (Same as Isma'il.) a. 
C^bokv**! ^T^H«tl1if dsamantdt, adv. all 
round, on every side, wholly, altogether. «. 

(jws*^***^ •*m*<^fl a-samanjas, m. doubt, su.s- 

pense, suspicion ; unconformity, disparity, difference, s. 

yjM»**^ ism-war, entry in statements according 

to the order of persons' names, a. p. 

,_5***»i ^RRXf a-samay, unseasonable, out of 

"time ; m. a time of misfortune, distress, an improper 
tune. «. 

j^^l ^^»T dsan, m. the inside or under part 

of the thigh ; a stool, a seat ; a small ftarpet on which 
the Hindus sit at prayer ; seat, posture, attitude, sit- 
ting (particularly the attitudes used by Jogis in theii 
devotional exercises, of which they enumerate eighty- 
four) ; the withers of an elephant, the part where the 
driver sits, asan tale and, to come under subjection. 
dsanjornd, to sit on the hams, dsan dobid, spoken of 
a holy man, who, perceiving by supernatural intelli- 
gence that some one in distress has called on him, in - 
terposes in his behalf, asaw se dsan jofud, to sit close 
in contact with another person, dsan lagdna, to sit 
obstinately in a given posture, till one's request be 
obtained, dsan mdrnd, to sit (particularly in an atti- 
tude practised by the Jogis); to retain one's seat 
firmly on horseback, s. 

(jj*>\ ^Tftnr dsin, m. the sixth Hindii month, 

in which the moon is full near the stars in the head 
of Aries (September — October), s, 

^2j***\ "^W^ dsan, also asan, m. the name of a 

tree on which the tasar sUkworm feeds. (Terminalia 
alata tormentosa). s, [named tree. t. 

i^t*^i ^^«T asan, m. eating : also the last- 

U*k>\ 'g^fTT i{snd, boiled (from usannd, q.v.). h, 

iU***\ a.mdd (pi. of liJu**), grants, and law- 
papers in general, documents, isndd, an allegation ou 
the authority of another, o. 

(_»iU*i*l isndf, m. a snipe, apparently a cor- 
ruption of the English word. d. 
^jU**»l asndn, m. bathing (see ashndn). s. 

OUw»\ <1MI*{T usndnd, a. to cause to boil, h, 

ci*.M.'ik'»»<.>\ '^VTfS a-santushta, discontented, dis- 
ss *' * 

pleased, dissatisfied, s. 
,^juujj\ ^^ift^ a-santokh, or ^WN a-san» 
tosh, m. discontent, displeasure, s, 

ci/ys**** ^^B^n a-sanjog (or a-sanyog), m. 

want of opportunity, s. 

^.iJuAj' ^^H^R a-sanshaya, undoubted, s. 

aji^X<u*»l ^#^ a-sankhya, countless, innu- 
merable, s. |l)ad. *. 
C^t2*n\ ^^iTiT a-sangat, absurd, improper, 
^L*jk*jjl ^raTTT a-sanmdn, m. disrespect, s. 
d^i..»i*<*^ ^ifTwrH a-5aw7na<,dissentient, differing 

from, averse, contrary. ». 

^Cmj^] "WW^ usannd, n. to boil, to simmer, h. 
jJ^^I 'Sn^nr^ dsanl, f. a small carpet, &c. on 

"which the Hindus sit at prayer. *. [tunity. <. 

lL/^JJu*»1 ^?lxftJT a-sanyog, m. want of oppor- 
&JUUM1 ^^^ a-sneh, harsh, unkind j m. un- 

kindness, want of affection, s. 
yjt\ wa uswa, m. a horse, s, 
^*^1 ^TT^TW dsav, m. a kind of intoxicating 

liquor, distilled from sugar or molasses, rum. «. 

i\yn I ^lyT^ dswdd, m. savour, relish, a. 

j\y*»\ asrvdr, m. cavalry, a horseman ; mounted, 
riding on any thing, as a horse, a carriage, a Bhip,&c p 

( 40 ) 



^Jjj\yM\ V ^ 1 1)'8 aswarurhfTaonnted on horse- 
back. «. [irith batde-oxeg. p. 
j^l^**»l asrvari, f. riding j a mode of warfare 

j^^^*«l VHI^lH dswas, m. completion, cessa- 
tion ; comfort, encouragement, consolation. «. 

^^aM»\yji\ is-waste, on this account, us-waste, 

"on that account, h. a. C'^g'y- »■ 

l^^l ^rat^T a-sobha, shapeless, ill-raade, 

tll^.^**>i ^JT^^fiT asTva-pati, m. master of 
horses, a title used by some of the Hindu rajas, s, 

^^M»i '"Sfjii^ aswatth, m. the sacred fig-tree ; 

(Ficus religiosa). s. 

^y^\ ^Wt»T cisoj, m. the sixth solar month, s. 
f^yji] ^sm^a-sujh, invisible, incorporeal, h. 

^^M>' ^ifft^ a-soch, not contrivable, that 

which cannot be effected by reflection or study ; not 
to be regretted, h. 

&»-^'**\ ^%V^l a-saucha, m. social or legal 

uncleanness, as from the death of a relation, &c. s. 

^_y9-^A»»^ ^^^1 a-sochi, careless, indifferent, 

"unconcerned, h. 

^yM\ aswad, black, or blackest, powerful, a. 
^i^yM\ dsudagt, f. quiet, peace, content, p. 
^liyMt asudan, (r. asa), to be at rest. p. 

t^yj»\ asMcZa, full, glutted, satiated, saturated J 

quiet, satisfied, tranquil, at ease, contented, asuda- 
khatir, or Ssuda dil, or asuda-l^dl, full, replete ; con- 
tented, in easy circumstances, asuda, in a figurative 
sense means dead and buried, hence plur. asudagan, 
the tranquil ones, t. e. the dead. p. 

,SbiiyM\ WTwKn asaudha, m. legal arrest, s. 
*^\uiyM\ WQiyicjII asma-salay f. a stable, s. 

Ca9^* is-wakt, now, at present, us'waktf 

then, at that time. h.a. 
«^ j ** ) \ ^reh?ir a-8ok, (for askoka), m. ease, 

tranquillity, cherfiilness; a kind of trea( Jone«ta asoca), s. 

viJy*»\ ^ifll a-sog, m. ease, tranquillity j 
a tree called also DetNi-ddm(I7'0aria/on^t/<'^ta). «. 

Ub Jo^^jimI Vmi*Vf asma-gandhd, m. the name 

of a plant (jahysalU jletuota). i. 
fjy*»\ 1Blh*ft a-sogi, at ease, unmolested, s. 

(jy*A WWff ason, this year. h. 

f}y»\ Vlf^Jt^ aswmi, f. the name of the first 

"lunar mansion, of the form of a horse's head (the three 
stars in the head of Aries), s. [der. s. 

\^,y*t\ ^En^ asi^a, f. detraction, malice, slan- 

J\yy»*l isyhal, m. loosening, opening, purging, 

flux. a. [inUderable. «. 

^^^ WU^m a-sahajj or a-sahij, insuiFerable, 

^..**»^ uSfhal, more or most easy. a. 

*, ^ a. to boil (food, 
hna,j Sec), h. 

^^y^***^ ymi^'i a-sahnn, impatient, not bearing 

with, unable to endure. «. 
&a1^«mi vei'^^'ril^ «-AaA«ni^a,'| intolerable,un- 
iu^l SH*J^ asahya, J bearable. $. 

j__5-«*i »im/) assi, eighty, k. 
^^\ ^"% use, him, that, &c. ^ ise, this, t« 

"this, or him, &c. A. 

j_^l asl (for^Ha5i),m.a8word, scimetar. i. 

j__^1 ^nrni dsai, m. meaning, intention, aim; 
scope, theme, subject ; an asylum, abode, or retreat. $. 

U**»1 dsiyd, f. a mill, asiya-sang, a mill- 
stone, p. 

eoljUtfl dsiydna, m. a whetstone, p. 

c^AJUut dseb, (or asiJ), m. a misfortune (ge- 
nerally means such misfortunes as are the consequence 
of the shadow of a demon having fallen on one, sad 
so forth), trouble, calamity, damage, p. 

^:*t*** '3^ft»nn nsijnd, 

^^C** a-«c/ia,unirrigated { aaa-iUnchS). «. 

^ju*»i asir, m. a prisoner, a captive. Mnr i ab 
gil, attached to one's native loiL a. 

j(<*^\ T^rtl tisir, f. a grass, the root whereof is 

sweet-scented, and used for making faf^ {andropogom 
muricatum). s, 

Sb^jUrt) VHUTtlc^ or SHI Wl 9 14 asirbdd or dsirbddp 
m. blessing, benediction, salutation, t. 

i^jMi\ asiri, f. imprisonment, captivity, a. 

(j»*Ju»»1 ^rwt^ or %|^1u dsis or asis, f. bless- 
ing ; return of compliment from a (HindQ) mperior. «. 

LmJum! T^fhRT iisisd, m. a pillow, a cushion, 

head of a bed. h. 

;j«Ju*>^ ^^a-ses/i,without remainder,entire. ». 
1»jum1 ^^m a-simd, unbounded, unlimited. 5. 

&«ju*) I diiima, amazed, astonished. Mir-a«ima, 
bewildered in the head, astounded, p. 

(jpu**i 'SiralfT dsin, seated, sitting. ». 

Uft^ ^nffl^T a-sinchd, not watered, not irri- 
gated (a field, &c.). a. 

I^juo^ ^^ a-sevd, 1m. disobedience, inat- 

^^^XlM\w^(^;^a-sevan,J tention. s. 

\3^ju*»^ ^■iRtn wsewna, a. to throw out the water 

from boiled rice. A. 
iJitS ush, interj. fie, &c. (vide uf). d. 
{Ja\ ash, f. meat, victuals, viands, soup, broth, 

gruel, pottage, ashi-jau, barloy-water or water-gruel 
ash-4)akana, a. to combine in nny design ; to couspir^ 
or contrive any thing against another, ash-tnal, a por- 
ridge-stick, a pestle, p. 


( 41 ) 


tJil WT^ asha, f. hope, desire; dependence, 

reliance, trust, ashd^rdpta, successful, possessing the 
desired object, ashd-bandh, m. confidence, trust, ex- 
pectation, dshd-bhang, disappointment, ashd^tvant, 
expectant, hopeful, dslid-hin, desponding, despair- 
ing, s. 

ti»i "^T^ ushu, m. early morning, dawn, day- 
break (also ushd-kdl), f. the wife of Anirudha. s. 
OjLS** isharat,'\i. a sign, command, signal, 

»jIm»* ishara, J hint, ism-i-ishara, a de- 
monstrative pronoim. a. 

JiM\^\'^^;V^ a-shastra, unlawful, illegal, irre- 
gular, a-shattriya, contrary to law, inconsistent with 
the roles of science, s. 

JS'jVw*! ysmj^ or vmid, asharh or asharh, m. 

the third solar month, (see ^JbyUtfi). S. 

f^j^ ^BWrtt asharhl, f. day of the full 
"moon in Asharh. s. 

j^\ asham, drink, (in comp.) drinking, as 

sharab-dsham, wine-drinker, p. 
^^(iJL*Li>l asharmdan, to drink, to quaff, p. 

CL/J\^\ ^sr^ljfita-shant, restless, anxious, unre- 
signed. a-shdnti, f. anxiety, restlessness, s. 

(Cjjl^l V^fN^ ashawart, f. a raginl or mu- 
sical mode ; a kind of pigeon ; a sort of cotton cloth. <. 

C*3jU»i VM^M'^'tl asharcant, fearful, unquiet, 
pitiful, s. 

-,\jui»^ ashhahf (pi. of jui>) bodies, objects, a. 

^^J^l ^SfMa-s/mM, unfavourable, unpleasant, 
inauspicious, evil ; m. misfortune, distress, t. 

\j\xZi\ oslitawaAvn. an ewer &c., same as 

JjUilsl ashtawa,) of taba or abtaba, q.x. p. 

t\xi^\ ishtibah, m. doubt, ambiguity, 

scruple, a. 
^JbUjuSil ishtihahi, suspicious, doubtful, a. 

i\il)3J^\ ishtidad, m. confirming, strengthen- 
ing, increasing in violence, a. 
J<Ji»\ ushtur, m. a camel, p. 
\ji^\ ishtira, m. buying, selling, commerce, a. 
uL)^J1*I>\ ishtirak, m. partnership, a. 

Jl«jL2*\ ishttal, m. burning, inflaming, light- 
ing a fire or candle ; fomenting,instigating a quarrel, a. 

(_iiyUjL«2*\ ishtialak, (dimin. of last word). 
ishtVdlak dend, to foment (quarrels), to encourage to 
bad actions, to abet. a. [study, a. 

^li'lZ»\ ishtighal,m. occupation, employment, 
^■?j1j?>\ ishtikak, m. derivation of one name 
from another, a, [firm. p. 

JjJm\ ushtulum, celerity, violence, injustice ; 
J\Jul»\ ishtimal, m. comprehension, contain- 

iOg. «. 

LjLm»^ ishtihaf f. hunger, appetite, a. 

J^^iM»\ ishtiharf m. publication, divulging, 

fame, rumour, report, renown, ishtihdr-ndma, a writ- 
ten or printed proclamation or public notice, a. 

^L2»l asha, f. peace, concord, reconciliation, 
"agreement, convention, confederacy ; amour, intrigue, p. 

^\jjJm\ ishtiycik, m. wish, desire, strong in- 
clination, a. 

tilAii*^ ^ ishta, desired, wished, approved ; 
worshipped, reverenced; cherished, beloved ; m. a god, 
a deity, whatever is worshipped ; an object, the thing 
wished for ; a beloved person, t. 

«JLoS»\ ^re asht or ashta, eight, askta-prakar, 
incessant, the whole day and night, ashta-mangal, m. 
a horse with a white face, tail, breast, and hoofs ; a 
collection of eight lucky things to be assembled on 
certain occasions, as a lion, a bull, an elephant, a water- 
jar, a fan, a flag, a trumpet, and a lamp. s. 

/^LiljLi*^ ^rer^ cishia-dash, eighteen, s. 

>CL^\ ^sm^rtflt ashtashlti, eighty-eight, s. 

id^VlZA^CWT^asktang, m. eight parts of man; 

adj. of, or with eight members, ashtdng prandm, pro- 
stration in salutation or adoration, so as to touch the 
ground with the eight principal parts of man, viz. 
with the hands, feet, thighs, breast, eyes, head, words, 
and mind. s. 

tl^uiJjUjS*^ ^retN^lfif ashta-vinshati, twenty- 
eight, s. [fifty-eight s. 

Cl.Aji)l^- clAji»\ ^If^^l^lif ashta-panchasJiat, 

UISjI ^FrTT /."f/z/a/a, f. desirableness,reverence. s. 

JJJ*»\ ^T?TTT uhtatar, dearer, more desired, s. 

^..*. 'u».J^\ ^'Sfi;m[ti a shta-trinskat, thirty- 
eight, s, 

*juo2j^ ^gflH ishtatam, best beloved, dearest, 

most desired, s. [rinshat, forty-eight, s. 

OU.\iji>l 'SIF^ITiT as'htadhatu, m. the eight 
metals, said to be gold, silver, copper, brass, tin, bell- 
metal, lead, and iron, asht-dhalij, f a mixed metal, a 
compound of eight metals, s, 

J/2»l Tg ushtra, m. a camel, s. 
^uu**»<JiAjSj) ^fre^nifw ashta-saptaiiy seventy- 

" eight. .?. 

>j>*«i.S») Mjgfflfs ashta-siddhi, m. the eight 

siddlils, the name of a superior order of beings, a per- 
sonification of the powers and laws of nature ; when i 
they are subjected to the will by holiness and auste- | 
rlties, whatever the fancy desires, may, it is said, be I 
obtained ; universal sovereignty may be acquired, and I 
implicit obedience to any command enforced; the ' 
magnitude, weight, or levity of the body may be in- 
creased or diminished at will, and the body be trans- 
ported in an instant to any part of the universe, s. ' 

<.^UL^i.lLJ*i\ ^y^fu ashta-shashthi, sixty- ' 

eight. ». 
jjij^^ ^S^ ashtam, the eighth. 5. 
^-♦jui*i ^fW^a ashtaml, f the eighth day of the 

"moon. Janmashpami, the eighth of Bh&dra Krishna 
paksh, the birthday of Krishna, s. 

C-Jyuu*) ^Fti^fiT ashia-7Uiwati,n\neiy' eight.* 


( 42 ) 



j\^ ashjar (pi. ofjdi^), trees, a. 

J^ ^^r^l a-shuchi, impure, unclean (cere- 
^ moniaUy) ; f. impurity, t. 

—j^\ wns^ ashcharj (for ashcharya), m. 

amazement, astonishment, surprise ; adj. astonishing, 
wonderful, dshcharjyata, f. wonderfulness, astonish- 
ment, s. [people, a. 

(.^la. ' ashJihas (pi. of (^jas^), persons, 

Sm) ashadd, more or most vehement, severe, 
strong, violent, excessive, a. 

,JbiJgi»l W^^ a-shuddh, impure, inaccurate, 

wrong, a-shuddhata, f. inaccuracy, impurity. ». 

^t^«*l ViuCgiji a-shuddhiya, one who speaks 

or reads vrrong. s. 
jm\ asharr, vicious, malignant, atrocious (or 
. more vicious, &c.). a. 
jui\ ^rer ashra, m. a tear. s. 
^j^\ Wrar ashra, ") m. cheating, fraud, cir- 

ijj^\ ^rr^T( ashray,) cumvention ; proxi- 
mity; a retreat, abode, a house; a means of defence; 
haying recourse to protection or refuge; trust, re- 
liance, hope ; a patron, a protector, s. 

ObLi)) ashrabat, drinks prohibited by the 
Muhamraadan law, such as wines, &c. a. 

jLS>l ashra?- (pi. ofy w2*), wicked, wretched, 
criminal, seditious (people), a. 

(_jLi>) ashraf (pi. of i_A?wSl>), nobles, gran- 
dees, gentlemen, men of high extraction. In Rohil- 
kund,Oude, and Benares, the term is applied to a class 
of cultivators who claim certain privileges, a. 

/vf*** ishrak, m. splendour, beauty, lustre, 

lit. the rising of the sun. a. 
^*Lii>^ ishrdhl, eastern, oriental, ishrdhi- 
"-namaz, morning prayer, a. [partnership, a, 

ci3Li»\ ishrak, m. participating, entering into 

0*M» I ^if^nr ashrit (see dsrit), a person pro- 
tected, &c. a, 

JiijUtS V^Sjyi a-shraddha, f. aversion, con- 
tempt, disgust, loathing, distrust, disbelief, a. 

^^Jm\ ashraf, more noble ; m. a gentleman, 

a person of noble or genteel birth, a nobleman, ashraf- 
ulmahhliiiot, the most excellent of created beings, man- 
kind, ashraf-ul bilad, the finest of regions, a. 

jij<i>i ashrafi, f. a gold coin so called. The 

' Calcutta ashrqfi, is about \L lis. 8d., and the gold of 
it is better than English standard gold, by live shil- 
lings in the ounce, or about one-sixteenth. By the 
Regulations of May 1793, It should weigh iyO'894 grains 
troy weight, generally called by Europeans, " a gold 
more " (vide muhr). 1 ho g^ld more of Bengal is worth 
IG rupees, that of Madras and Bombay 15 rupees, p. 

^-ii>l ^n^R ashram, m. (same as asram), 
abode, &c;. &c. (v. asram). t. [less. s. 

^_i»l »H5KKr a-sharan, without shelter, help- 

(^J>i\ -flinm dshray, m. same as ashra, q. v. 

Cl^ljLA ^5T^ ashrait, hopeful, trusting, con- 
Gdent. i. 

(J>ji.j^\ 'W^rClO a-shariri, incorporeal, a. 
(j<***»1 Wrf^TR dshis, f. blessing, benediction, s. 

ungovemed; under the dominion of evil habits arisliig 
from a neglected education ; rude, barbarous. «. 

jU*«>l ash'dr (pi. ofo»jS>), verses, poems, a. 

(J\*A«»I ashghdl (pi. of jj*^), employments, 
occupations, cares, ish^^l, being employed, a. 

^jlii»l ashfak (pi. of ^Jfi^), kindnesses, fa- 
vours. ishfaJc, compassion, tenderness, a. 

ajkft**»l asA?//if«, wretched, miserable, distressed, 
distracted, uneasy, disturbed, ashufta-^l, distressed 
in condition, dshufta-jshatir or dshufta-dil, afflicted in 
mind, ashufta-mu, with dishevelled hair, askufta-sar, 
or, -dlm&gji, or, -tab', distracted in head or brain, p. 

^^^JS^Zi\ ashuftagt, f. misery, distraction, un 
"easiness, p. 

^^^iSLZt^ ashuftan,io disturb,to be confounded.p. 

Jj^l ashuk, gum-ammoniac, p. 

U fl^l ashhiyd (pi. of (3^), thieves, male- 
factors, a, 

(^-Im»I ashk, m. a tear, tears, ashk-hdr, mourn* 
ing, shedding tears, ashk-bart, f. weeping, p. 

.\xm>I dshkdr, 1 

it/*T- ,T- - I apparent, clear, public, 

I.\Xm»i ashkara, r 

i/'aT known, revealed, p. 

8j\jsM*1 ashkara,} 

J\iwi>l ashkdl (pi. of (J^), appearances, 
figures, shapes, semblances, forms, a. 

Jlxi»l ishkdl, m. difficulty, ambiguity, sus- 
picion, p^nfulness. a. [lude, to wheedle, d. 

IjJ^^I ishkdlnd, to deceive, to tempt, to de- 
^Km»I ishkdli, one who excites doubts or diffi- 

•• culties. a. 

a^iJ^ I 'sn^r3i«s/<ttA^a,fond,attached,addicted,; 

able, powerful. dshakti, f. attachment, fondness; 
power, might, s. 

L1aXi^\ ^T^r^ a-shakta, powerless, unable. 

a-shakti, f. impotence, weakness. «. [rant. *. 

iJLKt^Jj^ ^f^r^iT a-shikshit, untaught, igno- 
(J^^ W^HR a-shakun, 1 m. portent, evil 
^^Xi»l ^nnnsr o-shugun, • omen, ashakuni 

^^X!i>l ^9|J|ff a-shugun,] or a-shuguMf 

portentous, boding evil luck. *. 
s.^Jm\ ^VJ^ a-shakyu, impossible, s. 

Jj2»I ashall, having a disjointed, withered, or 
paralytic hand. a. [distich. «. 

ij)yL^\ ^r^cF ashlok or ishlok, m. verse, 

lAiulii*) '^ra'RT (ishlchhd or ashleshd, m. the 
name of the ninth lunar mansion (five stars near the 
southern claw of Cancer), s. 

\^\ "W^tn nshind, i'. warmtli ; wrath, s, 
^W«»^ ishrndm, m. diffusing odour, shedding 

perfume; giving to a quiescent consonant a slight 
sound of zamma or kasra, but so as not to lengthen the 
syUable, or make one syllable more. a. 


( 43 ) 


tI«M)! T^r?n ushmata, f. heat, warmth, s. 
i^j-*^\ ^^hO ashmari, f. the stone or gravel 

(the disease); strangury, s. 

jj-»ji»\ ashmalf more or most perfect, complete, 

surpassing, transcendant. a. 

^^^ Tan ushna, hot, warm, pungent, acrid j 

m. heat, warmth, s, 

^J^^ ^^T ashan, m. eating food ; also ^n^HT 

ashan, the asan tree, on which the tasar silk-worm 
feeds (^Terminalia alata tomentosa). s. 

\JJm\ ashnd, an acquaintance, lover, friend; 
aslma-parast, friendly, p. 

\lu»\ "^Hm ushanna, n. to boil. h. 
^J^jJM\ *«1^4|jlIH ashnan, m. bathing, s. 
(j\jj*»\ ashna,i, f. friendship, acquaintance. 

&ihna,i-k, a. to unite, to associate. dshna,t lagnd. n. to 
become intimate, to be united in friendship. j>. 

9>>\>}jj*>\ ashnayana, in a friendly manner, p. 

uum»1 TOOnn ushnata, f. heat, warmth, s. 

j^XamS 'V^FIJ a-shanka, fearless, undaunted, 
secure, s. 

IxJkMiT Vl^l^l ashanka, f. fear, apprehension, 
awe, danger ; doubt, uncertainty, t. [dem. s. 

(jmJUwm^ TOrfHl ushntsfi, m. a turban, a dia- 
«M>\ W^ ashwa, m. a horse, s. 

J^jjfj^y^^ VffT^ ashmarurh, mounted on a 

horse; m. a horseman, s. 
{^^iSA ^Himill dshwds, m. completion, ces- 

■atioii, comfort. «. 
immfyi>\ dshob or dshub, m. tumult, clamour ; 

infbmmation of the eyes ; terror ; misfortune ; storm, 
tempest ; an impostor ; in comp. exciting, p. 

l^^l Vl^^ a-shohhd, f.ugliness ; adj. shape- 
lees, ugly. (. 

C-Oyi>^ VHmfd askrva-pati, m. a person of 
rank, attended by horsemen ; a horseman. «. 

,^y^\ Wfigf^ ashwatthay m. the holy fig-tree 
(Fiau religiosa). s. 

•yii^^I^ft^ a-shock, m. content, tranquillity, 
absence of care, a-shauch, m. impurity ; mourning, s. 

^\Jm^\ vm^ll^T ashwa-shdld, f. a stable, s. 

s^J*»\ W^t^a'shok, at ease, unmolested ; m. 

ease, tranquillity ; a plant {Jonesia asoka). s. 
\^,yj^^\ '«H1'I*W ashrva-gandhd, f. a plant 

(Physalis flexuosa). s. 

^i^j^yi^) W^S^ ashwa-medh, m. the actual or 

emblematic sacrifice of a horse, an ancient religious 
ceremony among the Hindus. This sacrifice is one of 
the highest order, and, when performed a hundred 
times, entitles the sacrificerto the dominion of swaiga 
or paradise. It appears to have been originally typical ; 
the horse and other animals being simply bound during 
the performance of certain ceremonies : the actual 
sacrifice is an introduction of a later period, s. 

jjjyi»l Wlfnivf dshwin, m. the sixth Hindu 
month (September — October). «. 

j_3jjS»\ ^ftgrft ashwint, f. the name of the first 

~ lunar mansion (see aswini). s. 

j\}yM^ ^TO^fR ashrva-vdr, m. a 4iorseman. s, 

^^\ ^>^^3I ashwa-yuj, f. the first lunar 

mansion, s. [proof, a. 

4i\^\ ishhdd, m. taking to witness, bringing 

(^1^1 ashhdd (pi. of i^Jblw*), witnesses (such 

as have been present) ; eye-witnesses, a. 
L-*^^ ashhab, white, ash-coloured, a. 
i^^\ ashhadu, I testify, I declare, a. 
j^^ ashhar, more or most celebrated; known, a. 

ijt>\ WI^ dshaya, m. meaning, intention, 

"aim; an object of desire; theme, subject; shelter; 
the mind. s. 

lxi>\ ashyd (pi. of ^J^*), things, effects, a. 

,,jIju*»I dshiydn, 1 , . ,, 

.,***T , _ > m. a birds nest. p. 
^Ouu*>l asliiyana,) 

CL*xu>\ y{\\i\{^ dshiti, eighty, s. 

♦x«i»\'3^[fh!^<5A^r,f.a fragrant root of gras8,called 

in Persian ]chas {Andropogon muricatuin). t. 

libjuiil '<fil1^rl^l< dshir-bdd, "1 m. bless- 

j^j gui»! ^I5r1^"^*i dshir-vachan,} ing, be- 
nediction, s. 
(jio^^ ^?^ a-shesh, boundless, endless, all. «. 

(jSjlm»| ^i^f)^ 'Srrarft^ dshish, f. blessing, 

benediction. 5. 
^\to\ asdghir (pi. of ^tol), little, mean, con- 
temptible, low, poor (people), a. 
jJl^Lol isdlat or asdlat, firmness, integrity, 

^ solidity of judgment; genuineness, a. 

UJLo! asdlatan, radically, originally, alto- 
gether, absolutely, in proper person, a. 

^\^\ ashdb, (pi. of c-.As«-l/c), grandees, 

lords, masters, companions, apostles, friends. In com- 
position, it signifies possessed of; as, aslidbi 'Urn, learned 
men, &c. aslfdbi Icihdr and as^abi guzin, the select 
friends and companions of Muhammad. asti.dbi kakf, 
the (seven) sleepers of the cave, famed in oriental ro- 
mance, a. [}^g- f^ 

jitJ>/ol isddr, m. producing, appearing, issu- 
jLol isrdr, persevering, obstinacy, a. 

i^\yo\ isrdf, m. expenditure, waste, prodi- 
gality, israf-k, a. to squander, &c. a. 
»Ulxol istibdgh, ra. dipping, baptism, a. 

j^Uia^^ istihdght, one who baptizes. Yahyii 

Istibdg^i, John the Baptist, a. 
^yf^x^o\ tf(a&^7 (vulgarly as1abal),m.a stable.a. 

jsi^^ istakhar, the ancient name of Per- 

sepolis. p. 

U->^jliO^ usturldb, f. an astrolabe, g. 

-^Ux^^ istildh, f. a phrase, idiom, general 
^ acceptation ; a figiue in rhetorie. *• 



Ol^-^Us^l istilahat (pi.)) idioms, phrases, 
forms of ftpeech. a 

^^>i*oi istildkl, technical, ihelaphorical, 

conventional, a, 
j^\ asgi^r, less, least, smallest j the minor 

tenn in a logical proposition, a. [tpinosa). a. 

*i 8 <ol aiofy m. the caper tree {Cajyparis 
\mJL>o\ asaf, the name of a man, considered to 

have been Solomon's waxir. &faf-rafi, prudent as ajq/l 

Ofof-ud-dauUi, the Sttaf oi the state ; a title generally 

applied to a vaazxr, a. 

jla#o\ a«/5r (pi. ofjAitf), ciphers, a. 
j^uy\ asfar^ yellow, saffron-coloured, a, 

jjjl^io) isfahdn, m. Ispahan, till recently the 
capital of Persia, p. 

(J-oi asl, f. lineage ; origin, root ; foun- 
dation ; a capital, principal sum, stock in trade, ofl-tu- 
sut, m. liquorice, a, 

V»^i aslan or asld, by no means, never, not 
at all. aflau mufic^an, absolutely never, by no manner 
of means, a. 

-.^L^l isldhf f. amendment, care, correction, a. 

J^\ aslah, best, most correct, a. 

j_^) asR, pure, of a noble family, noble, 
"essential, radical, original} a registered village, a. 

j,*a\ nsavim, deafj a surd number in arith- 
' metic, opposite of mimiik. JatT-i ofmua, the square 
root of a surd, a, 

I — jIa<«1 asnaf (pi. of (— OAitf), sorts, kinds, 

varieties, a. [repntationa. a, 

C^\y,o\ aswat, (pi. of C^yo) voices, sounds, 

^^yo\ usul, (pi. of (J«^^) causes, roots ; a 

mood or tone. a. 

jl^\ as,har (pi. of^), near relations, agene- 

ral term for all relations by marriage witliin the degree 
ill which marriage is prohibited, a. 

Jjufil afil, well-born, noble, genuine; f. a 

maid-servant who is free, in opposition to kmndi, a 
female purchased slave, a, 

Oiloi izafat, f. addition, an adjunct, an 
epithet ; it is in granmiar applied to the short vowel 
kasra, between two Persian nouns in the formation of 
the genitive case, or on the addition of an adjective. 
}^lati iif^fat, the genitive case. a. 

^\*6\ izafa, ra. addition, junction, augmen- 
tation, attribute, a. 

L-^\^ia/fil iztirab, m. agitation, perturbation, 
restlessness, anguish, trouble, chagrin, a. 

^AlxiO] iztirabi, f. haste, impatience, a. 

jUlxiil iztirar, m. 1 violence, constraint, agi- 
^5jlAx.oi iztirari, f. J tation. a. 

^Uo\ az'afy double, i^'o/", act of doubling, 

duplication, a. (impotent, a. 

_i*o\ azaf, very helj)less or weak, most 

44 ) CAfi 

e.*^\ azla, (pi. of ^^) districts; sides {ct 
a square, &C.) ; ribs; convexities; arches, a, 

\^L*^^\ ita'at, f. subjection, obsequiousness, 
reverence, worshipping, obedience, mbmissioo. a. 

j^li^l atalik, m. preceptor, a guardian or 

governor, atalt^, instroction. p. 
\j^\ atibba, (pi. of u^»»>V>), physicians, a. 

(_-iU>1 atraf (pi. of i^Jb), sides, environs, 
confines, skirts, districta; all around, a. 

J4) (j^\ itri-pJial, 1 m. a kind of electuary ; 

jji^jis^ itn-fal, ] vide itti-phal. 

\si^\ Ufa, extinction, putting out (a fire), a. 

Jlflls! atfal, (pi. of Jiis), children, family, a. 

c^lObl ittila, f. manifesting, informing, de- 
claring, investigating, knowledge, information. iQii 
la'-k., to acquaint, inform, iitila'-nama, & written da^ 
claration, or notice in writing ; a summons or citatioi^ 
ittild'-maTid, informed, acquainted, a. 

J^\ itldk, m. setting at liberty; divorcing; 

freedom, disengagedness ; in law, the office acd r*- 
CMds of summonses, also fees thereon, a. 

jjioy S^Ui»1 itldk-navisj m. the officer who 
keeps the regiaterof anuunonaea aoict the fiMa there 
upon. a. p. 

(jJii»i atlas, m. satin, atiad, of or resembling 

satin, mJade of satin, a. 
elj?^ itmd, strong desire, longing for. a. 

^Jox^\ itmtndn, m. tranquillity, content, 
security, repose, rest, quiet tlmindm tififir, peace of 
mind. a. 

C-.»Uj9l atnab (pi. of c-^ii?) tent ropeg. a. 

^^\ atwdr, (pi. ofjji*) manners, behaviour, 

devdrs. litiuh-aitvar, well bred. a. 
Jji?) atwal, very long or tall, prolix, a. 

j\^\ athdr (pi. of ^\1>), the pure. Wiar, 

purifying, purification, a. 
Jib^ aplam, more or most oppressive, a. 

X^\ izhdr, m. demonstration; revealing, 
publication, evincing, a. 
j^\ azhar, very clear, more apparent, ag- 
haru min ash-shamsi, clearer than the sun. a. 

OSU^ i'ddat, (also idda), f. repetition, re- 
vising ; visiting the sick. a. 

jlIP-\ ituh, liberation, manumission, a. 

l1oI^\ i'dmt, f. help, aid, succour, favour, 

assistance, a. 
jLjkPl i'iibar, m. belief, faith, confidence ; 
respect, esteem, veneration, reliance. Vtibar rakhnS. 
or i'tibar-k., to give credit to, to believe, a. 

^JJ\^Ss^ i'iibdrty trusty, confidential, a, 

J\iJukp\ ttiddl, m. evenness, equilibrium ; 
temperatcness ; rectitude, temperatiire, moderation. & 


( 45 ) 


j\(iSfi] itizar, m. an excuse, apology, i'timr- 
n&wia, m. 8 letter of apology, a. 

(C,'tia5'i ttizdri, one who apologizes, a. 

^^\J)S■] ttiraz, f. refusing assent, objecting, 

discussion ; critidsm, animadversion, displeasure, op- 
position, s. [who objects, a, 

tjr\j*^^ ttirazi, f. displeasure, anger; one 

(— .suXp-i ttiraf, m. confession, acknowledg- 
ment, avowal, a. 
jUjkP^ i'tizaz, excelling, overcoming, a. 

jjUjkff-i ttizal, secession, dissent j abdicating 

or withdrawing from office, a. [sin. o. 

^uflOff'i i'tisdm, preserving one's self from 

i5liuff^\ Vtihadj m. confidence, faith, trust, 
belief, a. 

j^iilajkff-' itikadi, one who has faith &c., or 

in whom faith is placed, a. 

u-sojiff-i itihaf, ui. restraining, curbing one's 

passion from religious motives, as in Lent ; continuing 
in the mosque (particularly at Mecca), a, 

tiUj^i ttimdd, m. faith, confidence; hope, 
dependence, reliance, a. 

(Ciil*:ip\ i'timadiy one in whom confidence is 

placed, a trustworthy person, a. 
Ul^i itind, taking pains, anxiety, care. a. 

j\jSi zjaz, m. flisappointraent; a miracle; 
■wonder, amazement, astonbhment, surprise, i'jazi 
mast]fa,i, miraculous cure, equalling the wonderful 
cures of the Messiah, a, 

j*s^^ (i\jain, a barbarian, a rustic : the term 
' is strictly employed to one who does not speak pure 
Arabic, but it generally denotes a Persian, a. 

\,^\ add (pi. of J Jk^), foes, enemies, a. 

\^\S'\ trdb, m. a vowel, the using of the 

Towel-points. A'rah, the wandering Arabs of the 
desert, a. 

(3i^\ araht, an Arab of the desert, a. 

— U&\ irdj, crippling, or making lame. a. 

{je^S-y irdz, flying from, aversion, i'rdz-k., 

to turn away from any thing with abhorrence, a. 

u->M^i ardf,m. purtralory : according to the 

Musalmans it is a kind of neutral space between 
heaven and hell. The poet Sa'dl says that " to those 
in heaven A'raf would seem hell, but the hellites 
would call A'raf paradise." 

•^1 a raj, cripple from birth, a. 

jI^-^ izdz, ra. respect, attention, a. 

l^\ aizza (pi. ofj-JjC-), very excellent,worthy, 
or dear (persons or people), a. [sinews, a. 

«— «>V*ap' a sab, (pi. of u-**a^) nerves, tendons, 
\..aPi a'za, (pi. oiyo^) merabera of the body. 

t^za,,e fanasul, organs of generation. (fza,e ra,isa, the 
vital parts, as the heart, brain. Sec. a. 

JiasA a'f:am, greatest, or very great, a. 

^)^) ala, 1 

\ lc\ '/- I ^"P''^"^^» ^'g^> the Most High. a. 

Mys] ildm, m. proclaiming, indicating, an- 
nouncing ; a warrant, notification, a. 
^^y^\ ildn, m. publishing, divulging, a. 
j^\ alam, most knowing or wise. a. 
\^\ a*md, for Sa^\, blind, ignorant, a. 

Jl»^' imdl, applying, amdl, (pi. of ^3-•*) 
action, conduct, a. 

J^l a'lna, blind, ignorant; a desert, a. 

^Uff-i o^ydn (pi. of u^ff-), eyes; grandees, 
nobles, a'yani Jfoxrat, courtiers, a. 

\pT dffh df a master, lord; an aga. t. [agaria g. 

(j^.jIpI aghdrlkun (^a^fapiKov) common 

jlff'1 dghdz, m. beginning, commencement. 
ag^z-k., to begin, p. 

^]j^\ ighrdli, submersion : in rhetoric it signi- 
fies excessive praise or censure, a. 
ftjuLPt dghishta, mixed, macerated,polluted.j). 

jjff-! dghil (also aghil) a sheep-cote in a 
mountain, an enclosure for sheep &c. in a plain. 
a^^fd, a bar or bolt. p. 

^^^ ighldh, m. difficult to be understood, 
abstruse ; an obstacle, a. 

J^\ aghldl (pi. of J^), yokes or chains 
for the neck. a. 

J^\ ighldm, m. inflaming with desire, pro- 
yoking to venery; sodomy, o. 

u-*i^^ aghlab, superior, stronger; adv. most 
likely, for the most part, a^lab hai, it is most likely, 
it generally happens, a. 

(jlJS'l ughalmish, a king of Turkestan, de- 
scended of the great Jing!8 EhSn. *. 

^^\ aghU, f. the bolt of a door; same as 

"ardanda. d. 

{^\^\ ighmdz, m. dissimulation, supercili- 
ousness ; Ogling, coquetry, a. 
^\^\ ighmdzi, one who is supercilious, 

"proud. 8ec. a. 

\s^\ aghniyd (pi. of f^), the rich. a. 

\^\ ?^wa,m. seduction, temptation, ighrvd-k.f 

a. to seduce, to lead astray, a. 
(^^\ dghosh, f. an embrace ; the bosom, p. 
jKxS'S aghydr, (pi. of^), strangers, foreigners, 

unknown persons, rivals, a. 

iji\yp'\ agkydri, f. strangeness, rivalry, a. 

( j^ uf, fye! pooh! for shame! alas!M/-A., 

to disapprove of, to lament, uf ho-jana, to become 
ruined, a. 

u_iT df, the sun ; the musk-deer. p. 

O^T dfdt, (pi. of Cji\) calamities, evik, 
miafortimes dangers, o. 


( 40 ) 


9ji'^\ afaghina (pi. of ^U5l), the people of 

Afghanisthn, the A%h£n race. a. 

VwT o/aA (pi. of ^^1), horizons, quarters of 
the heaven, the world or universe, regions, a. 

ClJi^\ ifahat, f. 1 convalescence, recovery 
ei^\ ifaka, m. J from a swoon, &c. a. 
(^^^s! afariin (pi. of ^^^\), branches, a. 
\ afat, f. misfortune, wretchedness, cala- 

mity, dfat-rasida or qfat-zada, involved in mis- 
fortune, a. 

U-^UiT aftab, m. the sun, sunshine, qftab- 

parast, a worshipper of the sun. qftab-parastt, f. the 
VForship of the sun. dftab-gir, a parasol, p. 

ioUii aftaba, m. an ewer, a water-pot. p. 

^Uil aftabi, f. a parasol of a particular 
"form ; a target studded with gold, p' 
^SCii\ uftadagi, f. a fall, the act of falling, p. 
^^tiUJl uftadan, to fall, to happen. 

JSlIi! uftada, fallen, prostrated, pi. uftaOa' 
gan, the fallen, the unfortunate, p. 

jjjljkj^ uftdn, falling, uftan o kJiezan, falling 

and getting up, met., with great difficulty, p. 

^jllil aftdwd, m. an ewer (v. aftaba). p. 

jlj^' iftikhdr, m. glory, honour, elegance, 
gracefulness, a. [tation. a, 

\jiS\ iftira, f. calumny, slander, false impu- 

^^\ji\ afrdkhtan (r. afrdz), to raise aloft, to 

extol, a. [numbers, single ones. a. 

i^J\ qfrdd (pi. oi dS), individuals, singular 

C)\J)\ ifrdd, m. withdrawing from society, a. 
'^j\ afrdz, exalting (used in composition), p. 

i^\jm»\J\ afrdsiydbf nsime of an ancient princ6 

of Turan, one of the heroes of the Shahndma, ulti- 
mately slain by RuEtam. p. 

)o\j\ ifrdt, m. excess, superfluity, ifrdti- 

aWildt and ifra^i iMn, plethora, o. 

ij^M afranjt, a Frank, or native of Europe, a 
"crusader, a. [mined, p. 

&jk>'jji! afrokhta, set on fire, kindled, illu- 

(iH^JJ*' ofrohhtan (r.afroz), to set on fire, to 

burn, to kindle, p. [composition.) p. 

]jJ! afroz, inflaming, enlightening (used in 

,\^i>^ i 1 dfrida-gdr, m. the Creator, p. 

^liJ jit dfridan (r. o/'/'ira), to create, p. 

SJjyl dfi-ida, created, a created being, p. 

i»j>,j>\ dfnn, bravo! well done! (in corap.) 
creating, m jahdn-dfrin, creator of the world ; m. the 
Creator. 5/»i»-/c., a. to praise, to applaud, p. 

^ijj Jl dfrinish, f. the creation, p. 
Si^JkbJ \ qfrluandaf creating ; the Creator, p. 

\ja\ afza or afzd,e, (r. of qfzudan), incr<?n». 
ing (used in comp.) p. [Ing f, 

i^Ji^\j>\ afzdyish, f. act of increasing or add- 

»*(iJo^\ afzayanda, that which increases, p, 

t>jji» afzud, m. increase, addition, abun- 
dance; adj. more. p. 
j^tJjJJl afzudagi, f. increase, addition, p. 
^jtijjji* afzudan (r. afzd), \o increase, p. 

(j*iy>\ afzun, more, manifold, greater, much, 
increasing, p. 

f^y^S afzuni, f. increase, enlargement, p. 

»3\-«i\ afsdna, m. a tale, fiction, story, ro- 
mance, afsdna-go, m. a romance-teller. afsdna-go,i, £ 
the profession of a story-teller, p. 

-*<il afsar, m. f. a crown, diadem, p. 
^^^J*^\ afsurdan, to wither, to flag. p. 

^^^j*^\ afsurdagi, f. dejection, melancholy, 
" lowness or depression of spirits, p. 

8<iy*J\ afsurda, dejected, dispirited, raelan« 

choly, low-spirited. afsurda-klMtir, depressed, dispi- 
rited, afflicted afsurda-dil, faint-hearted, low-spirited, 
dejected, p. 

^jjJiju*J^ afsantin (ay\rivdiov)^ wormwood, g. 

(^jtty^\ afsos, ra. vexation, sorrow, concern; 
interj. ah ! alas ! afsos-k. or afsos-khana, to express 
sorrow or regret, p. 

^^yi\ afsun, m. incantation, verses used in 

spells or enchantments, fascination, sorcery. afsSn-k^ 
a. to enchant, to use spells and incantations, p. 

j\-i*»jjj*«i! afsun-sdz,'hn.a.ii who 

Si^y^\ afsun-gar, ) uses spells, a sorcerer. 
afsfm-sazl or afsun-gari, f. enchantment, witchcraft, p. 
\^\ ifshd, m. divulging, publishing, a. 
^Lii! afshdn, dispersing, scattering, (used 

chiefly in composition ; as, gul-afshdn, strewing roses ; 
zar-afshan kdghaz. paper sprinkled with gold), p. 

^^liJLiil afshdndan, to scatter, disperse, p, 

jiLiil afshdrii, f. dispersion, sprinkling ; scat- 
tered over ; as, qfshdni ka^gha$, paper sprinkled over 
with gold dust. p. 

ii^JLi\ afshurda, squeezed, filtered, p. 

ijLi\ afshura (for ab-shora, q. v.), lemonade, 

sherbet, d. [correctly, a. 

^toiS afsah, very eloquent, speaking very 

JUli^ afzdl, (pi. of J-fli), graces, favours, 
virtues, ifzdl, benefiting, making to excel, a. 

Ajai\ afzal, "] 

1 ..i .. , more or most excellent, a 
JOuaJl afzaltar,) 

CLs^^^'i \ afzaViya t,e xcel len ce, pre-em in ence. a. 

.Uai\ iftdr, m. breaking a fast, iftdr-k.fti, to 

break one's fast in the evening after fasting all day 
as the Musalmans do in the month of Rtimaxan. a. 


( 47 ) 


^JJ^ai\ iftdri, that which is proper for fast- 
breaking, a, 
JUi! qfal, (pi. of Jje), actions, conduct, a. 

^jts] aft (properly A^\ afa), m. a ser- 
" pent, a, 

^J\»i\ afghan, lamentation : interj. alas ! p. 
^J^\ a fgh an, the name of a race of people 

who inhabit the country to the N. W. of Lahore, 
called also Pathans : they are supposed or rather they 
themselves pretend, to be of Jewish extraction, a. 

^j}J6\ afghuni, of or relating to the Afghans; 

" the Afgjsfln language, a. 

"jj^ ufk, m. the horizon ; a tract or region 

of the earth ; (poet.) the world, a. 
jij>\ afhar (pi. of^), thoughts, meditations, 

opinions, counsels, a. 

SXi\ afgaVf wounded ; m. a sore (on the back 
of a horse, &c.) p. [position, p. 

^^\ afgan, overthrowing, (used in com- 
^^tilGl afgandan, to throw down, to cast. p. 
%,ijXi\ afganda, overthrown, cast forth, af- 

gandagi, f act of overthrowing, p. 

^jii'^\ iflas,va.. bankruptcy, penury, poverty, 

want ; sometimes written iflasi. a. [Arabs), a. 

^^^'^\ ajlatun, Plato, (so called by the 

uiJ^^ ajldk (pi. of tiJJi), the heavens, hea- 
venly spheres, a. [or heavenly spheres, a. 

tj"^^ q^a/ii, celestial, relating to the heavens 

"1y\ rt/wq7(pl.of-p.y),armies,crowds. afwdji- 

kahira, a victorious army, afwdji-shaiyatin, a host of 
devils, met. a multitude of children, a. 

l\J\ af>vdh(p\. of 8y),m. mouths; f. doubt- 
ful news ; fame, report o. 
^1 J\ qfrvdhl, famed,reported,noised about, a. 

^! afim, f. opium, h. 

, e^A^^ afimchi, jn.\ „ . 

" " -V o I ^" ^^^^^ o* opium ; 

,.-»jj 1 afiman, f- f //» n 
^-^M %- - (fig-) a sot. h. 

^J^\ aftmt, m. J 

^^\ afgun, f. opium. The inspissated juice 

of the Papaver somniferum. a. 

f}^\ afyunl, an opium-eater, a. 

\i\ aifea, m. master } owner, p. [dred. a. 

i-J>j^\ akdrib (pi. of t-jkjv), relatives, kin- 

\-5^^ akakiyd, the acacia ; also the expressed 
juice of its firuit. g. 

&5^\ ikdla, the cancelling of a sale, on con- 
dition of furnishing an equivalent for the original 
price of the article ; breaking a contract, a. 

^\51 akdllm, (pi. of (•^i), climes, regions, a. 

Ci^w' ikdmat, f. resting, staying, abode, resi- 
dence, dwelling, a. 

JUU^ ikbdl, m. prosperity, good fortune^ fell- 
city ; acceptance of a bond or bill. iljcbal-da'w4, con- 
fession of judgment a. 

JJiJUiJl ikbdl-mand, prosperous, of good for- 
tune, ikbal-mandl, f prosperity, good fortune, o. p. 

(^\yjS\ iktihds, m. borrowing (fire from 
another) ; acquiring, procuring, gaining ; asking, beg- 
ging ; quotation, a. [to imitate, a, 

li^oLil iktidd, imitating, following, iktidd-h., 
j^ JjLSI iktiddr, m. power, authority ; excel- 
lence, dignity, a. 
J^mXj\ iktisdm, m. division, partition, a. 

.\jaxj\ ihtisdr, m. abbreviation, abridgment, 

restriction; determining or fixing the bounds of 
any thing ; failing, wasting, a. 

\tajA iktizd, claim, requisition, demand, a. 

JiiJ*\ ikddm, m. intrepidity, resolution, firm- 
ness, spirit; endeavour, effort, diligence, attention, 
care, ikddm-namudan, to approach, a. 

(^i>j»\ akdas, very holy, or most sacred, a. 
S^ ikrdr, m. promise, agreement, assurance, 

attestation ; confession, confirmation ; in the language 
of the law it means the notification or avowal of the 
right of another upon one's self, ikrdr-k., a. to pro- 
mise, ikrdr-ndma, m. written agreement, indenture, 
bond, contract, a deed of assent or acknowledgment 
in general. iJcrdri 'dmm, a public acknowledgment, 
declaration, or confession ; a will or testament. iJcrdr- 
ddnapatra, a conditional deed of gift, a, 

(CjlJl ikrdri, one who assents, acknowledges 

or confesses, a. 
j<ol>l(_^ .y>1 ikrdri-asdnii, m. a prisoner who 
"pleads guilty, a. 
^J^y] akrdn (pi. of ^>.^), equals (in age, 

rank, &c.). a. 

^J>\ akrah, most near, more near. a. 

\iy\ akribd (pi. of *--*?jJ')> kindred, friends, 

allies, a. [raents. a. 

IjUJI ahdt (pi. of la— i'), portions, instal- 

^LJJl ahsdm (pi. of *«**), various kinds, of 

every sort. a. 
UaJsl aksd, I extreme, very or most distant, 
J^^oJi aksdj extremely, a. [of land. a. 

cUail iA^a', cutting, dividing, an assignment 
Ji\ akall, less or least, very little, a. 
jbjjt akhal-bar, the Indian shot-plant 

{Carina Indica), a beautiful flower. The word seemi 
to be a corruption of some Arabic term, (Binning) d. 

u^^ ahlaf, m. aMuhammadan whoforsome 

adequate cause has omitted circumcision, but is not 
thereby disqualified from giving evidence in court, a. 

jtAi\ iklim, m. climate, country; according to 

Moslem geographers, there are seven dkdlttn "climates 
or countries" which occupy a fourth part of the world, 
called the ruh'i maskun " inhabited fourth part." The 
other three quarters of the globe are supposed to be 
utterly uninhabitable. (Binning), g. 

J1y\ akmal, (pi. of Jy), words, sayings, 

agreements, promises, a, 
J^il aliwam (pi. of f>^), tribes, nations, a. 

uiJT ^cfi" a^ (Dakliam, 5^), m. curled flow- 
ered gigantic swallowort {Asdepias gigantea), cele- 
brated among native practitioners for its many me- 
dicinal qualities ; a sprout of sugar-cane. s. 

ud3\ ifi (for uiJj\) one (chiefly used in com- 
pound expressions as) (A; lauta, single, s. 

o\ i/j/ia, sino^le, incomparable, superexcellcnt; 
m. an earring of a single pearl ; an ornament worn 
on the wrist, often hollow, containing perfume; a 
champion, who serves alone, without heing attached 
to any corps, t. 

o\ a?ika, m. a father ; a dear or intimate friend ; 
f. an elder sister, d. 

ji%\ akabir (pi. of jjot or ^Juo) the great or 

grandees ; people of rank, akabir o af'ghir, high and 
low, rich and poor, a, 

mJ^\ ^UoRTaT a-kqj, rn. loss, detriment; hurt, 
injury, prejudice; uselessness. *. 

f^^\ ^nrrift a-kaji, useless (animal, thing, 
"or person) ; a retarder, s. 

J6\ ^UWl^akar (corruptly akar),m. appear- 
ance, aspect, shape, statue, likeness ; hint, sign, token; 

the letter ^SU. S. 

^o\ "^^kiXKSl a-karathf unprofitable, fruitless, 

yielding no return, vain. A. 
jj.\S\ ^o|i'K?n a-havan, m. absence of cause; 

adv. causelessly, groundlessly. t. 

(^j*X \ "Sii<**^r ahas or ahas, m. the sky, the 

firmament, the heavens; space; air; the fifth 
element of the Hindus, more subtle than air, sther. 
akas-hani, f revelation^ a voice from heaven, a. 

C^(.>>^T ^n'^l^f^ akas-britti, f. subsis- 
tence not derived from any certain funds, or depend- 

. ing on any particular person; living from hand to 
mouth. «. 

tiy 0*^° 1 wrarr^^^ akas-britti, one whose 

subsistence is fortuitous, s. 

Jjo (^_yJ6\ ^141^1^9 a/m5-6eZ,f.the air-creeper 
Cuscuta reflexa ?) : it has no root or leaves, but giowi 
on the tops of trees, t. 

ij^Xj^^ t ^rran^nr^ okas-pawan, m. a vege- 
table growing on other trees; air-plant or dodder. 

{Cuscuta reflexa). s. 

bi> {^jJ^ \ ^I«*l5f<1^l akas-diya, m. a lamp 
which the Hindus hang aloft on a bamboo in the 
month of Kfutik, a beacon (in Dakh., Akat-diwa). g. 

^^x* (_Vjo^ '^lohmrj^yl ahax-muhht, ip. a 
"devotee of tho Saiva soct : liis devotion consists in hold- 
ing his face up to the sun, so that, after some time, it 
is difBcult for him to hohl it in the natural position, i 

JjJ^;_>**ol wran^^^ ahas-mandal, m 

the atmo.sphere, the celestial sphere. *. 

*A'0*»^' ^TTcfiT^I*rt*T rihnx-ntm, m. a plant 

growing on the nhn trees (a kind of Epidendron) $, 

48 ) 


\>\ a-har, \ useless, of no avail (pro- 
1.9 jo\ a-harat,) perly a-karath), d. 

ti'l?0*»^' ^1«FI 51*1 Mil akas-nam, f. a voice 

from heaven, revelation, t. 

^^^^ ^oBj«l ikasi, eighty-one. h. 

^^o I '3If chilli ahasi, aerial, celestial, atmo- 

•• spJieric. aicasi-barna, cerulean, azure, t. [akSi). 

(^o i ^TTcFni ahnsh, m. the sky (same as 
J Is) ^oirr^ or ^rroFToS a-hal (or ahal), m. a 

famine, a general scarcity ; unseasonableness, extre- 
mity, pinch; adj. unseasonable, untimely, premature. 
a-kfil-brishti, untimely rain, akal-phal, a fruit pro- 
duced out of season, s. 

Jo\ akkal, a glutton, an enormous eater, a. 
^ol T3ST^r{Tukdlna, a. to boil water. Ju 
m6\ ^snsm a-kam, unprofitable, fraitlese. s. 

V-lx)l^l ^TRirt^ akcinhsha, f. wish desire, ex- 
pectation; purpose, intention, t. 

CjJ^^ \ ysuwif^a akankshit, desirous ; de- 
sired, expected, s. 

f^J^^ \ ^i«*i«j'^ dkankshtf desirous, full of 

" hope, expecting ; asking, inquiring. «. [one. h 

4_^y 01 5oifT»T^ ikdnawwe or ikanrve, ninety- 
^j w^ :^fliiH H ikdrvan, fifty-one. h. 

jKS\ ik-bdr (for ek bar), one time. h. p. 

jj^\ akbar, very great ; a man's name. a. 
(j!wup^ fl/i&ar-aZ-r'a,i,1 presumptive evidence 

^s\<J>jP^ akbari-ra,i, J sufficiently strong to 

convict, a. « 

(„fji^\ akbari, of or relating to the Emperor 

Akbar; name of a sweetmeat; also of a gold coin 
worth a guinea and a half of our money, a. 

Ij^v * ikpechd, head-ornament, h.p. 

i^^\ iJ4i(f or Tf^ ukat or uhti, f, speech, what 

is spoken, language ; contrivance, invention, uiat ba- 
nana, to make up a story, to invent, contrive, ukat L, 
to discover, to find out «. 

(Jl>i 1 "3^ ukta, spoken, used in law documents 
for " aforesaid, above named." *. 

\jj^\ WWJn^ uktarnOt a. to promote, to 
forward, h. 

• j\S$\ 94HI% uktaru, an instigator, promoter. A. 

^j«jl512^I ^IFT^Sln iktalis, forty-one. h. 

U\i^\ V^iAIHI uktana, n. to fret, to be me- 
lancholy or d^ected ; to be ont of humour with, to 
be tired of, to tire. h. 

U>>L«*A^) iktisab, m. gain, acquisition, a. 

\OjS\ iktifd, f. sufficiency, contentment, tfc- 
Hfll-k., to content one's self; to stop short, m. 

{ii}jS\ 3[W?nR ik-takfituing with a fixed look. «. 
^\ VW9 a-kath, 1 not to be spoken, 

»j.^\ WWni a-hathyay J unfit to be men 
"tioned ; unnttenble. obMOM * \jirvmi^ora^ 

^3S\ akti, f. the agati tree {JEtchynomrm 
ij^'^ WirrfNr ihtxsy thirty-one. 4. 

CiJ\ ( i 

id^ TWZ ukat, contrivance, invention, h. 
^\j^\ "^^BTT^ uktana, a. to dig up slowly a 

thing which is buried in the ground; to extracts 
secret gradually and artfully ; to pump. h. 

\j^\ TSRZ^ ukatna, to be dug up, &c. (neut. 

form of uktana ; a. to dig up). A. 

^^\ Jj3SZ\ i hatha, 1 together, in one 

^j^l^^\ J^iZm ihthan, r and the same 
\j^^\ -^jSSZiTJihthaurd,} place, united, s. 
jxA ahsar, most, many, much; adv. often, 

usually, for the most part, generally, aksar-aukat, 
often, frequently, generally, a. 

s->^\ aksariya, for the most part, chiefly, a. 

C^\ Touf^ ik-chit, of one mind, unani- 
mous, without wavering, s. 

lj^_.\j C.*^< ?flB €{riT;T»T* oR ih-ckhat raj-k., 

to rule everywhere. $. 

j^\'^HcR.a'kar, duty-free, exempt from duty. s. 

S\ ^BTRST akar, f. aborigines; mine, quarry, 
source ; multitude, s. 

S\ y[fVBfiT.dhar, f. the den of a lion or tiger; 

(conjunct, part, from ana), having come. h. 

\S\ ^rWU ak7'd, dear, oostly ; f. a kind of 
g^ass 60 called, a kind of vetch, h. 

J\S\ ahrdm, (pi. of a^)) favours, kindnesses, 

obligations ; honour, respect, a. 
J;>1 ihrdm, m. honouring, complimenting, 

treating with attention and ceremony, a. 

%\J>\ ikrah, f. horror, aversion, abhorrence, 
detestation, a. 

ft)\^\ '■Mjfci i m ahardyd, f. ground not pro- 
perly cleaned for receiving the seed. c. 

Ot^T ^fVffn ahriii, f. shape, figure ; like- 
ness, image ; the body ; species, t. 
3 i\^oFf=pRa-Ar«7nm,inartificial,notmade.«. 

{^S\ ^TT5|ft dkarsh, m. attraction, fascina- 
tion ; a magnet, a loadstone ; spasm. «. 
CL^^l ^«Ff^ akarshit, ^ attracted, 
cL)i»j^T ^TToir? akrishta, J drawn, s. 

uiiii>iT ^«ir^ dkarshak, m. a magnet, a 
loadstone, any thing which attracU ; a^J. attractive, 
magnetic (also akarshik). 

tJ^S'\ 'srrarlTiT dkarshan, m drawing, at- 
traction. «, 

^i»^T ^«ir^ aharsht, attractive, s. 

^JSf\ was^ a-karkat, soft, not hard. s. 

0^\ akram, very kind, merciful, a. 

jtS\ ^okA a-harm or a-ftarwa, m. bad action, 
sin, vice, wickedness, s. 

^SJ 'WrgW akram, m. ascending, superiority ; 

lurpassing, surmounting ; invasion, a seizing, x. 



\icS\ WW^ a-karmd, idle, unoccupied, p 
(.^XicS\ ^cd^cK a-karmak, intransitive (in 

gram.), s. 
,ja/«;^\ VcF^lV a-karmanya, useless, anpro- 

fitable, good for nothing, m. 
j<ey\ W^Kifr a-karmi, a wretch, sinner. « 

,}j^\ ^4(*if a-karnt, inconsistent, indecent, 

unsuitable, not proper to be d(Hie. s. 
C^«.n ahrot, m. (for cL»jj»-*), a walnut, s. 
jjj'\ ^"gst akrur, not cruel, mild, humane, 

gentle. «. 

j^\ ^srws akar, f. crookedness, strut, pride, 

conceit, airs. h. 
Vpl ^cKSI ahrd, stiff, affected, h. 
13 V;i!^<*5iffTaArana,a. to distress, to imped^. k. 

jbj^l ^cir"?^!^ akar-bdz, an affected person, 

a fop, a swaggerer, akaf-bazt, swaggering, foppis} ■ 
ness. h. p. 

^^\J\^\ SH <* ^auf^ akar-bd,i, f. the cramp, h. 

■,JCj^>\ akar-pakar, 
jSoj^\ akar-takar, 
^^j>3 Jp\akram-takram, 

m. stateliness, af- 
fected airs, pride, 
haughtiness, h. 

\jrp\ ^o|f'?*n akarna, n. to writhe, to ache, to 

cramp, to be cramped, to become stiff or distorted, as 
one's limbs ; to strut affectedly, h. 

• •^^ <je|ij uhru, m. the posture of sitting on 
the hams with the soles of the feet on the ground , 
u'crii haithna, to sit on the heels with the knees up- 
wards, h. 

yS\ ^Wf ahru, affected, proud, conceited, h. 
C^^\ ^«ii%(T akrait, an affected person, a 
swaggerer, a fop. h. 

jLJ^\ iksdr, (v. yak-sar), similar; of the 
same sort. h. [to trim (a lamp), A 

\3L**^\ "^raR^TtH uhsdnd, a. to excite, to roiisc^ 
,4jL»^\ foFFJ iksath, sixty-one. /*. 
yji\ ihsar {for i/aksar), single, in a body, all at 

once. p. 

u->U*«.^^ ^oFWnr a-kasmdt (lit. without a 
wherefore), immediately, accidentally, extempore, un- 
expectedly, unawares, abruptly, s. 

Uu.»n ■? oF^nn wAaswa, n. to be excited, moved, 

to try to move. h. 
^y»^\ aksi, f. a tree, the leaves and pods ri 

"which are eaten as vegetables ; probably the same as 

aktt. q. V. 

ju«^\ ihiir, alchemy, chemistry ; the philo- 
sopher's stone (or rather a calx of quicksilver used 
in transmuting metals to gold), an elixir, dust, filings a. 

^JiS\ 'SITSf ahsha, m. a die, cubic or oblong ; 

the spots on dice, aksha-hhag, m. a degree of latitude. / 

(ji^l '3?fgj ahshi, m. the eye. akshi-tard. f. 

the pupil of the eye. » 


L^ ( 50 ) 

(^Ji>\ fW ikshu, f. sugar-cane, ikghu-ras, 

m. the juice of the sugar-cane, ikshu-sar, m. molasses, 
raw sugar, ikshtt-kand, m. a species of sugar-cane 
(saccharum munja). iksfM-mehi, diabetic, s. 

fJL>\JlS\ "W^np akshansh, va. a degree of la- 
titude or longitude, s. 

iS.AtS\ ^f^iT a-kshat, infallible, indelible; 
remaining, continuing, m. whole grains of rice used 
in religious ceremonies, fried grain, dkshat-tilak, f. 
the ceremony of putting a few grains of rice on the 
forehead of an idol when addressed, or of a Brahman 
when invited to an entertainment, s. 

jtS\ ^rs(K. aksha?; m. a letter of the alphabet. 

akshari, lettered, writing a good hand. « 

jj-i^) ^TcF^^nSS '2-^"*'^*^^»u'^l'icky,inauspici()us.«. 
j_^*^^ ^"^ ikshumatl, f. name of a river 

" in Bengal, the Issamuttj. s. 

^y>^ytS\ ^'BlTfj^ilfl akshauhinl, f. an anny 

"(see achchhauhini). ». 

iJ^\ '^(^^ a-kshay, imperishable, undecay- 
"able. akshayata, f. imperishableness. akshay-hriksh, 
m. an undecayable tree, akshay-lok, m. the imperish- 
able world, s. [abuse, t. 

•,_ ^j^--^ \ ^rr%^ akshep, m. reproof, sarcasm, 
^^\ ahly m. food ; eating, akl-o-shurb, meat 

and drink, eating and drinking, a. 

(J^ 1 'Srrangf akul, confounded, perplexed, 

confused, distressed, chiefly used in compound words, t. 

^1 ^IT«S^T a/^/a, fleet, swift; peevish, h. 
^^ !^4i<^ ^A/a, alone, single, (j.ihlauta). h. 
t^^ 3[o(i^T^ i/fZa,?', f. loneliness ; name of an 

"article of dress, h. 

U^m ^?irQ5T*n akulana, n. to be agitated, to 

be distracted, to be confused, to be out of order, to 
tire, to weary, to be astonished, h. [made, s, 

lIaaKI ^oRf^KTil a kalpit, not artificial, not 
CL^ I ^oFf^iT ahulit, agitated, distracted, s. 
UiS I ^ersir^nn akulula, f. agitation, distress, s. 
UjSI T3|«Q5«n ukalna, n. the intransitive of 

ukalna, to boil, be boiling, h. 

A\^^ ^TcBf^Jtft a-liulml, f. a woman of a 

"low caste or family ; adj. bad, base (woman), h. 
\3y)i\ \fktf^A\ ihlauta, "1 single, solitary, 
U3^i ^li^'in iklaunta, J alone, s. 
i^\ WnF^ ahU, f. motion, agitation (par- 

• ticularly of a carriage), h. 

j^UKl 1l4k«im4U a-kalyan, ominous, unpropi- 

tious ; disconaolate, uncomfortable. ». 
iSj*'*^\ 94I941O uhlasari, of or relating to the 

town of Uklesar, famed for its paper manufacture, h. 

tVf*?^ jjJS^ iktilu-l-jabal, m. (the crown of 
^e mountain), an herb smelling like frankincense, 
roeemary. o. 

(i»3JJl JjJ^^ ikBu-l-malik, m. (the king's 
erown), meliloC «. 



OuJSj VMch^lni a-kutina, of no family, \\\^ 
beian, of low extraction ; ignoble, f. akuliiu. s. 

ij V I ikmal, m. perfection, accomplishing, a. 

J-^1 akmal, perfect, very complete, entire, 
fiiU. a. 

(Jl.«A»a\ SHohrMlri a-kampit, firm, unshaken. «. 

ij^ \ '^ I <*♦*(*{ akampan, m. shaking, trem- 
bling, s. 
ik.^\ akmah, born blind, a. 

f^\ SHI^M akan, grass and weeds collected 

from a ploughed field, h. [confines, sides, a. 

ujlj^^ a/fwo/" (pi. of u-AJO), environs, borders, 

udUui^ ^eS4!do(i a-kantak, free from thorns, s. 

^j^ ^cingR a-hinchan, poor, needy, desti- 
tute, akinchan, m. poverty. *. 
i^yi^\ aknun, now, at present, p. 

j^\ ^[^^ akor, f. a bribe; coaxing (a cow 
that has lost her calf, that she may be tractable), h. 

(Cjy \ ^oiTiO akori, one who receives a bribe, h. 

J^\ akul (same as Jl^^), a glutton, &c. a. 
J^l ^npt^S ahol, m. a plant, the oil of which 

is used in enchantments (Alangium hexapetalum). t. 

Si^\ ^r^F^ «^w«nc?,m.swallowwort(.4sc/epm« 

gigantea). h. 

^5 I ^ITBT ahha, m. a riddle, a sieve; a bag 

filled with grain, of which two are carried by a bul- 
lock ; a pair of grain-bags used as a pannier, h. 

J'l^\ "^^rsu/'hnr, f. rooting up, extirpation. A. 

\*'l^i\ ^^ITT ahhara, m. a palaestra, or plaea 

for wrestling, a scene ; any place of assembly; cooii. 
circus. Indr kd akhdra, Indra's court, h. 

K>j\^\ g"?gTf«n uhharna, a. to root up, to eradi- 
cate, dislocate, h. [eradicates, h. 
jij*l^$\ W^TS^ufiharu, m. one who digs up or 
Jl^\ g'^lQ? nhhal, m. act of vomiting; an 

emetic, ukhal-pukhdl (also ukhdl wakhal), va. cholera- 
morbus, vomiting violently, h. 

\j!i\^\ 915(1 9 *f I iikhalna, a. to vomit, h. 
^j^Li)U^\ viKcmiHKd akiiu-pashan, m. a kind 

of rainerjil, a loadstone. ». 

Ca^I 'WK'Irt or 'w^sfrt akhat, akhat,m. (same as 

akshat), whole or unbroken rice, employed in obla- 
tions, s. 

J^^ ^<JfH'i. ikhattar, seventy-one. h. 

^J^^ W^nrtil ahhttj, the 18th day of Bat' 
^sakh, a Hinda festival h. 
U4^\ '^9^1 ikhatta, together, in one place, h. 
Ua^\ '7^7«n ukhatnd, n. to trip, to stumble, h. 

j^ wrw^ akhar (v. j^ ' ), m. the den of » 
wild beast k. 


( 51 ) 


j^\ %lWt. akhar, plenty, abundance, d. 
^j^^ W^ a-kharb, tall, long, large, s. 
cL»jj^i ^ "«S^^ akhrot, m. a walnut ; the fruit 

of the aleurites triloba, h. 

j^\ ^(WS akhar, undisciplined (soldier), bar- 
barous, uncouth, ugly. h. 

)j^^ ^WS\ nhhra, rude, ill-shaped, akhra 

hhatt, an ill-formed piece of writing, h. 

ulj^i "Sr^^^ uhkrana, a. (same as ukharna), 

pluck up, eradicate, h. 
^j^' ^«s>|T iiJiharna, n. (intr. of ukharna), 

to be rooted up, plucked up, raised up ; to slip out (aa 
a bone, &c.). ukhapia pukhapia, to be plucked or 
rooted up. h. [whole, all, every. *. 

(J4^^ ^^c5 o'" 'Wf^^ a-khal or a-khil, the 
jj-^i ^T^ lihhal, I m. & f. a wooden mor- 
jj4^\ -^5^^ uhhh 

"or other grain, s. 

tar for pounding rice 


4<si»i»l iikhmaj (for TWST u.thmaj), 

gnats, flies, musquitoes, &c., insects produced by 
heat. s. [whole. *. 

cJj^i^ W^tT^ a-khandf unbroken, entire, the 

0<iJ^\ V^r^fSff a-khandit, unbroken, con- 
tinuous; unrefuted. s. 

CL»^^ \ ^W\Z akhot, m. the walnut tree. h. 

^g^^ ^Wl akhai, everlasting, not liable to 
"decay, akhai-baf or dkhai-brikh, the undecayable 
tree. s. 

U^^l ^"J^m akhya, f. name, appellation, s. 

C->\4jo I ^I4^lif akhyat, said, spoken ; deno- 
miuated, named, s. 

C^U^\ ^SiPTTiT a-khyat, unknown, obscure, s. 

cLo^ I WraT akhet, m. (v. aher), the chase, 

bunting, pursuing ; terror, fright. «. ^ 

tiJuu^^ I ^^fTcIi dkhetik, m. a hound, s. 

^jX^\ ^f»n ukherna, a. to eradicate, to 

pluck up, root up. h. [pluck up. h. 

6\jv^^\ T^^WITf ukherroSnay a. to cause to 

\jf\ ^#Tn akaiya, m. one of the sacks or 

baskets of a pannier, h. 
0^\ ^^f^ a-klrti, f. infamy, disgrace, s. 
{jtt^^ ^^^ ikkis, twenty-one. h. 
'^\ ^ ^ T akela, alone, single, solitary, h. 
IjAa/\ ^^^»rr ukehia, a." to turn up. h. 
Li) I WIT arj, f. fire; ag uthana, a. to raise 

disturbance, to enrage, to provoke, ag bag-h, to be 
hotly enraged, ag bujhana, a. to extinguish ; to ap- 
pease a tumult, to pacify a quarrel, to still resentment. 
ag barasnd, n. to rain fire (applied to the extreme heat 
of the sun. or to a hot fire of cannon or musketry in 
battle), ag bania, n. to be enraged ; to be very angry. 
ag bharkana, a. to inflame, ag bliakna and ag phankna. 
a. to speak idle wordu, to boast, dg papia, n. to be 

enraged ; as meri baton se us-par Sgpafti hat, he !• en- 
raged at my words, ag dena, a. to apply the fixe, vo 
bum a Hindu corpse, ag sulgana, a. to inflame, to 
excite sedition, to foment a quarrel clandestinely, ag- 
karna, a. to make any thing exceedingly warm ; to 
excite envy or anger (used among women), ag lagana, 
to set fire to, to inflame ; to enrage, to raise disturb- 
ance, dg lagdke pant le danrnd, a. to play tricks, to 
deceive ; to pretend to appease a quarrel which one 
has purposely excited, dg lagnd, n. to take fire, to be 
enraged, to be very hungry, dg lage par billi kd mut 
dhundhnd or mdngnd, a. to put off", to delay, or excuse 
one's self on vain pretences (the literal translation, 
though highly expressive, would sound somewhat 
musty), dg lene ko dnd, n. to come to get fire, is spoken 
of a friend who goes to visit another, and leaves him 
quickly, ag men pdni dalnd, a. see dg bujhdvd. dg 
men kisi kl jabid, or lotna, or ghair kl ag men jalnd, 
a. to bring reproach upon, to accuse, to suffer for 
another, dg men lotnd, n. to be afflicted with grief or 
melancholy, dg horid, n. to be enraged; or, as the 
Vulgate hath it, " to flare up." s. 

ag, m. Dakhanl, for ak, q.v. 

IT I WRT aga, m. the front, the space in front 

of a house ; the fore part of a turban, dgd lend, to 
take the lead, or precede, s. 

ISjA^-vlT I WFTT ^'^ oFT;tTT agapichha-h. 
n. to hesitate, to waver, boggle.demur, to prevaricate h. 

Jfciil^l ^TTV nrwmva-<7«f//t or a^ac?/i, bottom- 
less, unfathomable, agddhatd, f. extreme depth, un- 
fathomability. «. 

.lil WPTK a<7ar, m. a house, s. 
jl^\ WTR agar, avarice, covetousness. d. 

»io\ ^1T<^ igarah, eleven, igarahwan, the 

eleventh, s. [advance, m. 

jCjO I Wlinft agart, f. money, &o., paid in 

U'lit 'WTTTI agara, m. the name of a plant 

said to cure the bite of venomous reptiles (Achyra»it,e$ 
aspera). Same as chirchira. h. 

j^*\^\ Wn^ (igdri, before, forward, further 

on ; f. the ropes with which a horse's feet are tied ; 
the front, the fore-part, agdfi mama, to attack in 
front, to defeat a hostile army in pitched battle. agSfi 
pickhdri lagdnd, to confine (particular)y a horse), h. 

{^jJ^\ agds (v. dkds), the sky, &c, d. 

ijj»^\ W7T?ft agdsl, m. f. a turban; a terrace 
"in front of an upper room ; the cry of a kite. h. 
^y^\ ^TTqS ugdl, m. that which is spit out 

after chewing any thing (particularly betel leaf), dp 
kd ugdl merd adhdr, your worship's leavings are my 
nourishment, i.e. you are my support and benefactor, n. 

^j^i^Jli 1 JJIli^i^I*? ugdl-ddn, m. a spit-box. h. 

t^\ "WPTTO^ agdmt, coming, about to come; 
•• future, s. 

\S\>\ U'JIHI ugand, a. to raise, cause to grow. s. 
j\^ WITH agd,u, adv. before, in front, agdtu- 

jana, to advance in order to meet a person coming on 
a visit; m. an advance of money, s. 

»\iT dgdh, informed of, acquainted with, in- 
telligent, p. [to aceumtt.ate. /. 
iJJbl^l T»n?«n ugdhnd, a. to collect, to gather, 
dgdhi, f. intelligence, wariness, p, 



( 62 ) 


^\f 1 "^m^ ugahi, f. usury ; the trade of 

"lending money on interest of one fourth, the payment 
of which is received by instalments, h, 

tlL^^ I ag-bot,a. steamboat. The latter part of 

this term is English, the former signifies "fire." h. 
(A word like this can hardly with propriety be in- 
serted in a Dictionary ; but it is now so commonly 
used, that it may be considered a naturalized Uindu- 
Btanl term.) Binning. 

Oo^I 'SHTH a-gupta, unhidden, unconcealed, s. 

«-1a^I TnK ufjat, growing, springing up; 
production, h. 

i^ , X \ ^irfcT a-gaiiy dishonoured, disfrraced, 

without character; one whose funeral ceremonies are 
not performed; f. distress, disgrace, inconvenience, 
damnation, condemnation, s. 

C^i\ wmif agat, come, arrived, s. 

J^\ ^^^T. agattar, coming, arriving, s. 

^^\ "STiTirt agtl (for ^^^), the agati tree. s. 

iiLi.^1 'WTJ agat, m. a butcher's stall, h. 

Iju^^ ^ n<t^ T agatna, a. to collect or assemble. 

ugatna, a. to revile, to give abusive language, h, 

i\ agar, if, though, although, when. p. 
S\ Wll, agar, 1 m. wood of aloes, a kind 
ji\ WT^ aguru, J of fragrant wood, agal- 

lochum {Aquillaria agallocha) : another tree which pro- 
duces bdellium {Amyris agallocha); the sisu tree (Dal 
bergia sisoo) ; light, not heavy, s. 

S\ ^TT ugra, m. wrath, anger; adj. wrathful, 

cruel, savage. *. 

J\ 'BRT agra, m. the forepart of a thing ; 

adj. prior, first, agra-gaml, preceding; m. forerun- 
ner, agra-grds, m. the first morsel, agra-sar, m. a 
guide ; adj. preceding, s. 

J) \ 'WTT^ o.gar, m. a salt-pit. h. 

\L\ ^tn ugra, angry, cruel, wrathful, s. 

\^\ agrar, m. a village inhabited entirely by 

Brahmans; the quarter of a town or village occupied 
by Brahmans. d. [sel. s. 

{^ji»\^\ aggras (for agra-gras),-ai.i\\e first mor- 
{st»\o\ 'BniTTr agras, 1 m. victuals offered 

^^a*»y\ ^RTT^nr agrasan,) in oblations, sa- 
crifices, &c. to the gods. <. 
Bj>.J>\ agarehi, although, though, p. 
jMjii ^nnrc agra-sar, m. he who goes first, a 

leader, a chief. ». 

-_y*i.^\ ^rtnit^ agra-soch, m. providence, 

foresight, precaution, forethought. «. 

,_g>-y*»S^ 'WXr^^ agra-tochi, provident, en- 

" dued with foresight, t. 
jjj\ agru, a species of bird, the thrush, d. 

'!^\jS\ ^ ni,m<j 5T agar-Tvald, a race of mer- 
chants, of the Vais tribe (from Agrohft. a place to the 
weetofDihli). h. 


ij^j3\ agrUft, f. fire-cotton, i. e. tinder, d. 
lj>\ agra, m. the city of Agra ; also called 

Akbar-abad. h. 

t>J>\ ^rnr? agrah, m. favour; seizing, sur- 
passing, surmounting ; power, ability, t. 

l^\itj I ^rrar^pm agrakayan, m. the first 

month of the Hindu year (November — ^December), t, 

ij>\^4 1 ^I'J^I'MU/t agrahayant, f. the day of 
** full moon in tlie month Agrahayan ; a constellation of 
three stars, the first of which is Orionis, figured by an 
antelope's head ; hence also mrig-shirat. s. 

i^J^^ ^n^ agari, If. the colour of the 
\^_^\^TifjTn[j agariya,) wood of aloes. «. 
ijS 1 ^TCt dgari, m. a manufacturerof salt./t. 
jl'l agar (for akar, q.v.), strut, pride, d. 

Hll'li] dgrd, m. an ear of corn or rice 

which has been blighted, h. 

J^^\ 'Wnr^Tf agar-bagar, m. trifling em- 

ploj'ment, or talk ; trifles, trash; adj. promiscuous, 
composed of odds and ends. h. [lamp, d, 

UL*^\ unsdnd, to snufF a candle, to trim a 
CLj^\ ^mftcT agasti (for agastya), m. a sage 

celebrated in Hindu mythology: he is represented of 
short stature, and to have been born in a water-jar; 
he is famed for having swallowed the ocean when it 
had given him offence. At his command the Vindhja 
mountain prostrated itself, and so remains. Name of 
a tree {JEichynomene grandiflora) ; name of a star (Ca. 
nopus). s. [tribe of rdj-puts. h. 

j\S^\ wrem^ agastrvdr, name of a small 
J,^T dgal, before, in front, agal, m. a bar 

or bolt. d. 
^^ 'WT55T ugld, prior, preceding, former, the 
foremost, the first, the chief, the best ; ancestor, an- 
cient ; other, second, next, h, 

ClA^^T ^TSST'iT dgaldnt, up to the neck. s. 

Ul^^ '^n^»TT ugalnd, a. to spit out, to vomit; 

met. to refund property surreptitiously obtained, s. 

S\ ^rTTT dgam, m. futurity ; a Hindu scrip- 

ture dictated by Mahadeva; a shastra containing 
spells and incantations ; a shastra or work on sacred 
science ; (in law) a voucher or document, agam-bandh- 
nd, to determine the future, to foretell, a^am-jani 
or dgam-gnijdnl, having the skill of foreknowing, pro- 
gnosticator. dgam-bidya, f. the art or science of fore- 
telling. a>faOT-6a<:'«, foreteller, predictor ; Shiva, one 
who tells tlie doctrines of dgam. $. 

J\ WTH a-gam, for ^^^f^ a-gamya, impas- 
sable, impervious, bottomless, deep, unfordable, onae- 
complishable, incomprehensible, unattainable t. 

A\ "SrnH ugum, m. growing becoming, d. 

j^T ^HTT dgaman, ra. coming, arriving, 
proceeding. ». 

\l^ WTiT»T*TT dgmand, m. the advanced 
guard ; adj. adventurous, venturesome ; forward, 
early (as fruit). *. 


t^S\ ^fpft aganiif m one who foretells the 
•• future. «. 

«JL^\ '4il|M| a-gamya, deep ; impassable, inac- 
cessible, impenetrable, impervious, a. 

^^'^[f^^agni (vulg. agin), m. fire; the south- 
east ; (in Hindu mythology) god of fire, and regent of 
the south-east quarter ; iso the name of one of the 
Puranas; the fire of the stomach, the digestive fa- 
culty, appetite, agni-bdn, m. arrow of fire, a rocket. 
agni-prastar, m. fire-stone, flint, agni-pariksha, f. the 
fiery ordeal, by a lieated iron or boiling oil, or passing 
through fire, agni-sanskdr, m. funeral ceremonies, as 
burning a dead body, or any ceremony performed with 
consecrated fire, agni-garbha or agni-mani, m. the sun- 
stone, a fabulous gem, supposed to contain solar 
heat. 8. 

^^\ HiOh aginf m. the name of a bird ; sort 

of lark. h. 
f^\ 'WHUr a-gun, unskilful, ineffectual, void 

of good qualities ; m. a defect, a fSault. «. 
w\ 4 'Ml ugna, n. to grow, to spring (as 

plants) ; to rise (as the moon), ugte hi jaljdna, to be 
withered as soon as it springs up, is applied to a hope 
or expectation which is blasted in the bod. k. 

^^lxli\ VStfJviMiT!! agni-bdn, m. a kind of fiery 
missile, a rocket, s. 

3 ^tiT^ ^OhMI'4 agin-hd,o (or agni-ba,o),f. 

the farcy, in horses ; an eruptive disease in men ; ery- 
sipelas, s. [counted, s. 

<_r^ - ^^ ^^f^tinr a-ganit, innumerable, not 

jjiXo 1 dgnndan, to fill, to cram. p. 

ulli^i ^f'VTcB agnik, m. an insect of a scarlet 
colour, the lady-bird, t, 

^J3y^\ "WpfH'^rt agni-hotri, m. a Brahman 

who maintidns a perpetual fire in his hoose. «. 
^\ agrii, f. (see ^fJH agni), fire, &c. s. 

S\ wnr dgu, forward, before ; heretofore, h. 

\«i\ ^'T«(l agwd, foremost ; m., also agittO, a 
g^oide, a forerunner, harbinger ; one who acyosts a 
marriage, h. 

\S\ WPnn dgwd, also dgu,d, m. a pommel, h. 

^JS\ VNIi. agwar, a portion of corn set apart 

Car village servants, like the customary "sharpiog 
com" in England. A. 

!?^ji^ Vl^lfl agwdra, m. the front, the fore- 
part; the space in front of a hoose. A. 

f_t*>^y^ '^'IMI4l1 agwasi, the body of the 
"pknighsbare. h. [binger (see agtoa). h. 

^^^^ ^irTT»ft agwdnt, m. a guide, har- 

^\^\^ErfmVI^ agwdht,\f. burning, confla- 

/<L>\ ^'I^T^ agwdyh J gration (of a city, 

forest, &c.). h. [ship. s. 

(j:\S\ 'WT^T^ agwdft, f. guidance, leader- 

j»-«i^ wft^H. a-gochar, imperceptible, unseen, 
invisible ; m. the Invisible, Supreme, t. 

( S8 ) ^ 

jjM wifttagaur, m. an advance of rent. h. 

j^\ ^^T^ ttffor, Ym. one who watches 

bj^l wflfim agoriydj over the crops, &c. 

agor-batd,i, a division of the crop after reaping, h. 

^jy^ ^pfftT'TT agorna, a. to watch, to guard, h. 
^jy^ 'S'fin.lT agoriyd, m. watchman, or 

guard, (v. agor). h, 

ijy\ ^1f a-gurh, easy, manifest, evident. 
agurh-bha.o, open, honest, candid- t. 

{Jjy^ wttjtagofi or'^iftlHagori/m advance, 

beforehand, h. [no. k, 

\^^\ ^i[\r§'il agolnd, a. to watch (v. agor- 
,^y\ W'ui5[ agaund, the top of the sugar-cane 

cut up for seed. s. 

j_^^\ '^rift'Tl agaunl, f. the going or sending 

"forward to meet and receive a visitant with honour. 
agaunt-k., to advance to meet the bridegroom at a 
wedding, or a visitant on the road. h. 

^\ WQ agh, m. sin, guilt, wickedness, s. 

r^\ dgah (for dgdh), informed, wary. p. 

LL>y^\ WffTS a-ghdt, m. land held in perpe- 
tuity and not alienable. $. 
j^\ ^\mi. aghdr (v. agar), avarice, d. 
jl^S I 'ar^TTC dghdr, m. sacred food, which 
Hindus place before an idol ; ghl, or clarified batter, k. 
jjpjl^\ ^TTIlft aghdj'ly affected with avarice, k. ' 

\j\^\ WW5I aghdrd, m. name of a plant said 
to cure the bite of venomous reptiles, h. 

^j^^ 9MI^*{I ughdrnd, a. to discover, to un- 
veil, to pull off. h. [or unveils, k. 
jjj^i^ "V^T]^ ughdrut m. one who discover, 
>U^MI aghdnd, a. to surfeit, to satiaie ; 

n. to surfeit, to be satiated; a4j- satiated; riob, 
a£9uent. h. 

(^145^ tW!^ aghd,if f. satiety, surfeit, k. 

\Jv^\ TMffll ugharnd, n. to be uncovered, 

opened, pulled off. h. 
^c^^ VBPni aghmajff sinful. ». 

^j^\ VJI^H aghan, m. the name of the eighth 

HindQ month (during which the swi is in Scorpio, and 
the moon is full near Orion's head (November — De- 
cember), s. [grass. A. 

L)^^ (j^^ ^rf«R Tfl^ aghin-ghdSf m, lemon 

tdLj»U^\ ^njTTT^nF agh-ndshak, adj. puri- 
fying, freeing from sin. «. 

^J^^ Ht'ljg^l aghanl, relating to aghan; the 

** produce of that month, aghanifafl, the cdd harvest 
weather, t. [terrible, g, 

j^\ ^tflx aghor, m. a name of Shiva ; adj. 
,^^^jy^\ ^C^^:k^ aghor-fan h, ra. a prifti- 

cular religious order amon^ HiodOs. « 


( 54 ^ 


Lji^j^A ^rtftT^^fl^Aorpa^ifAijI usedsub- 
(^j^\ ^?Tft^ aghori, J stantive- 

ly, professing aghorpanth, an order of religious men- 
mcants, who eat every thing, however filthy, even 
human carcasses ; hence, a gross or filthy feeder. *. 

(Cjj^l vf^'lO aghorl, covetous, greedy, d. 

leif^ dgaht, f. (v. agahi), information, &c. p. 

j_iT wxh age, before, beyond, more, ago, al- 
*• ready, in future, formerly, forwards, onwards ; hence, 
or henceforth, rather, sooner, age dhar-lena, to get 
before, to outstrip, to surpass, to pass (as a horse in a 
race), dge-and, to come forward ; to return, to revert ; 
a. to hasten, to accelerate, age-ldna, to bring forward, 
to advance, s. 

j/1 age ! O thou ! (applied to a female), d. 

Us I W^ or ■^r^TT agi/u, agya (or agnya), f com- 
mand, order, agya-patr, m. an edict, a written order. 
agyd-bhang, m. disobedience, insubordination, dgyd- 
kdr, or dgyd-kdrl, obedient, executing orders, s. 

ljp\ ^^TIT agaiya, a disease which affects the 
rice plant, which thereby is parched up. h. 

VjoI ^rfrnn aglya, m. the name of a bird 

{Alauda Aggia, Buck.), s. 

J\jujIj61 ^i^l^ril^ agya-haital, m. a demon 

who rules over fire. h. 

OUil W^TTTT a-gyat or a-gnyata, unknown, 

inexperienced, ignorant, simple, agnydta-jauband or 
•yauwand, f. a full-grown girl, arrived at maturity, and 
surprised at the symptoms which then appear, not 
knowing to what to attribute her sensations. «. 

j^jUi 1 VlMlO agyari, f. kindling the fire at 
the time of devotion (by HindQs). h. 

{^jt*\^\^\ agyd-ghas, m. lemon grass, d. 

jjUsl V^lvf a-gyan or a-gnyan, witless, igno- 
rant ; m. ignorance, s. 

ISlwl VRMT agyand, a. to burn vessels of 
metal for the purpose of cleaning them. h. 

ti>i(j>^^ ^^»IT«T a-gydn-pan, state of igno- 
rance, s. [pidity. s. 
UoUsl ^?^«Tirr a-gydnatd, f. ignorance, stu- 
^j\}f\ ^^Jr(\ a-gyant, ignorant, unwise, s. 
jjuil agetl, f. a chafing-dish, or brazier; also 

"a flower-pot. d. 

*;JoT IBT^^: dgaira, m. the first sheaf of the 
crop, presented to the zamlndSr. A. 

^j^JpT dgtn, full (used in comp.). p. 

«U3 1 ^J?r a-gya, idiot, stupid, ignorant, s. 

^}\ alf the, the Arabic definite article (vide 
Hind. Gram, page 18). a. 

J\ ^f^ ali, m. a large black bee, a scorpion, 
an Indian cuckoo {cuculus indictts), a crow, spirituoua 
liquor, t. 

Jl Wl^ dl, f. the name of a tree', fiom the 
root of which a red colour is extracted for staining 
leather, dyeing silk, &c. {Morinda citrtfolia) ; m. yeC 
low orpinicnt. /(. 

Jl dl, f. children, progeny, descendants, off- 
spring, race, dynasty. N.B. al is commonly used to 
express a race or family by the mother's side ; in con- 
tradistinction to auldd, a race &c. by the father's 
side. (Binning), a. 

(J \ Wff^ dli, f. a female friend, a damsel, s. 
^1 ^Tq5T did, m. a small recess in a pillar or 

wall, for holding a lamp, &c. ; adj. wet ; running (as 
a sore) ; land saturated with (rain) water ; a basin or 
hole dug at the root of a tree. A. 

^^ ^WT ilia, m. a wart. h. 

y\ illd, Iipsides, except, otherwise, unless, if 
not ; sometimes a superfluous negative na is added to 
this particle, a. 

C-*^ I ^!n^^ or ^^m dldp, (corruptly aldp), 

f. prelude to singing; m. intercourse, conversation, 
association ; enumeration of the questions in an arith- 
metical or algebraic sum. s. 

^b^l dld-pdld, m. the leaves of trees, d. 
(jf,^<— *^l "^l^imilft dldp-chdri, f. the act 

of tuning the voice previous to singing. ». 

Uoa^ ^^TTl»n aldpnd or <l!|lc^|i|*il dldpnd, to 
tune the voice, to run over the different notes previona 
to singing, to catch the proper key, to sing, to tune. «. 

O^l dldt, n. (pi. of cl*5|), tools, instru- 
ments, utensils, apparatus, a. 

i^^'y'^ aldtunt, vague, undetermined, d. 

\»-'!^\ ildchd, m. a kind of silk and thread 
'doth. d. 

jc^!sl\ S^igSI"-"*! ildcht, f. large cardamuma. 

" Uachi-bdAtnd, to distribute cardamums,a kind of mar- 
riage or wedding ceremony. ildchi-pan4u, a kind oi 
wild fruit, ildchi-bondd or -dora, capsule of card*- 
mums. ildcht-ddne, a kind of sweetmeat, h. 

l^^^ ^r^t»n uldrnd, a. to cause to sleep, h. 

G.y\ uldgh, m. an owl. t. 

Jjal uldk,f. a kind of small boat. p. 

^^*^\ aldki f. (pi. of vH)^),que8tions,problem8 ; 
" misfortunes, a. [to one side. «. 

^i] 5fQ5'T5S«TI uldlnd, a. to overset, to lay over 
^ \ a/am (pi. of J\),care8,griefs,misfortune8. a. 

jjUa\ al-amdn, m. mercy, quarter; calling 

for quarter in battle, a. [Claudian). L 

jjU^l oldmdn, a German (Lat. Alemanni, 

^Jal ^T^rR dldn, m. the post to which an 
elephant is tied, or the rope that ties him. s. 

jj^\ al-dn, now, the present time, al-dn kama 
kdna, now as formerly ; just as heretofore, as usual, 
as formerly, a. 

\ii\ "W^TJTT alldnd, n. to bawl, to scream, to 

squeak, h. 

\Ja\ ildnd, m. race, family, kindred, nldva^ 

act of what is vulgarly called " throwing up in one's 
teetli," or " reminding one of former services." 


( 56 ) 


•)i] ^^SX^ aldfO, 1 m. a bonfire, flame, a 
'j^l ^WT^T allarva, \ blaze: it also denotes a 
8j a\ VNQsq: nlarva, J fireplace, especially ap- 
plied to a hole in the front of the shade where the 
paraphernalia of the Muharram show are deposited, 
and in which a fire is lighted every evening during the 
festival, h. 

^j^y\ oc<)i^<ir ulahna, m. reproach, chiding, 

complaint, h. 

l^J^^ ^cSTH^T ilayacha, m. (v. Uacha), a kind 

of cloth woven of silk and thread. *. 

^_y^^^i ^^"T^ ila,echt or ilayachtn, f. 
large cardamums. s. 

(j£jY1 alayish, f. filth, pollution, p. 

U^ ' ^n^SWT^ albal, m. a circular basin round 
the root of a tree for the purpose of watering it. s. 

«uuJ\ al-hatta, certainly, indeed, verily, a. 

jjJ\ alburz, a celebrated mountain in Hama- 
dan, in Persia, famous among the fire-worshippers, p. 

^Lk^\ ^^WqST a/6AeZa,1 artless, simple, inno- 

^^JijJ^ WcJJ^cJil albela, J cent ; m. a fop, a 

beau, albeit, a belle, a coquette, alhel-pan, or albeU 
pana, foppishness, frivolity, airs and blandishments. A, 

i_-*5\ W^'J alp, little, small, few, short, alpata, 

f. smallness, minuteness, insignificance, alpahar, mo- 
derate, abstemious ; m. moderation, alpdhart, mode- 
rate, alpayu, short-lived ; young, alp-huddhi, ignorant, 
silly, alp-bal, feeble, of little strength, alp-prabhao, 
insignificant, of little weight, alp-praman, of little 
authority, alp-pramdnak, credulous, resting on little 
evidence ; of little weight, alp-shakti, weak, feeble. 
alp-matr, a little only ; a short time, a few moments, s. 

cL*j3^ vlpat, m. name of a stroke in sword- 
play ; a reflex or inverted blow. d. 
^^ja5\ alpln, m. (vide alfin, &c.), a pin. d. 

\JLJy^ alnt, f. a tool, an instrument, appara- 

ratus ; the running rigging of a ship ; a rope (in the 
lingo of Indian seamen), membrum virile; veretrum 
animalium. a. 

Ij3^ ^^fTT or ^T^nn alia or alta, m. cotton 

strongly impregnated with the dye of lac, ready to be 
used for dyeing, &c., principally used by the Hindu 
women to stain their feet red. s. 

{^jtt\Ki^\ iltibas, l)ein<r obscure, ambiguity, 
perplexity, " double entendre." a. 

l^' iltija, f. a request; flying to in cases of 

necessity ; a petition, refuge, protection, iliija-burdan, 
to seek refuge, a. 

^Uji3\ ■iltizam, m. being necessary, expedient, 
being assiduous, taking on cue's self. a. 

CL->^^Aji\ iltifdt, f. friendship, kindness, obli- 
gation, cAurtesy, respect ; (in rhetoric) an apostrophe.a. 

;^^\.«j3\ iltimas, m. f. beseeching, petitioiAing, 
■upplicating, prayer, request a. 

\k^\ altamgha or alta mgh a,,m. aTurkish word, 
signifying the red patent, the impression of the impe- 
rial seal affixed to grants &C. being in red ink. It 
is a grant of land under the royal seal, conveying the 
property to the first proprietor and his heirs, in per- 
petuity, and escheating to government only in default 
of issue, or forfeited by delinquency. It also denotes 
a kind of tax levied on travellers. Among the Turks 
it signifies a stamp on gold or silver plate, to certify 
its being of standard purity. See further, Wilson's 
Glossary, t. 

j_^^ ^Qsiml alt am, f. the rope round tlie 

**neck of an elephant, in which the driver puts his feet, 
as in stirrups, h. 

\jjJi iltiwa, hanging back, procrastinatinjr, 
deferring, a. [ment, &a h. 

y^\ ^CiS'Mi t/Ma, m. translation (of a docu- 

(--.>^j3\ iltihab, ra. burning, heat. a. 

^^4^^ ^(«5'<i«ll nlathna, n. to undulate, to be 
agitated (as the ocean by storms), h, 

l»\jukJ\ iltii/am, uxlaying, soothing, curing, a. 

ci*)^ ^^7 ulat, m. act of upsetting or over- 
turning, h, 

Va)i "W^ZT ulta, reversed, turned bacl<; re- 
verse, contrary, opposite; m. pease-pudding, a kind of 
pudding made of the meal of any pulse, ultd-pulta, 
topsy-turvy, higgledy-piggledy, all in confusion, h. 

bU)\ <ic!&^l*ll ultana, a. to luin upside down, 
pervert, overset, overturn, thwart, h. 

UUb I3li)\ 7^T«TT TI53T«TT ultana, pultana^ a. 
to reverse, modify ; to interchange, h. 

tilJociJ^ y?«5i<IM^7 ulat pulat, higgledy-pig- 
gledy, topsy-turvy ; f. confusion ; interchange ; decep- 
tion, imposition, h. [flower. A. 

Jy^yJO^ "^c^J^^^ ulat-hahwal, m. name of a 

\^\ "W^Z^ ulatna, a. to pervert, to subvert, 
to thwart, to overturn, to reply ; n. to be reversed. 
ulut-jana, (Dakh.), to be proud, h. 

bl^\ ulthana, a. (same as ultana), to per- 
vert, upset, &c. A. 

cLJJ'. 0^\ iddth-palat (v. ulat-palat). h. 

U^\ ulathna (v. ulatna), to turn, &c. ulthe- 

pa,on, on returning, ulthd mar, a reverse blow or back 
str3ke. ulthi takrtr, a perverted speech or declaration. 
idptl samajh, a perverse or absurd idea. A. 

cj:S. al-ju! interj. used in complaining of 

hunger ; lit. the hunger ! a. 

Ul^' ^55*!iJ«TT nljhana, a. to entangle; to 
ravel or entwist (as thread), to involve, to embroil, k. 

y-^ "W^^ijm uljha,o, m. entanglement, per- 
plexity. A. 

13 U- 4:^-4^ ' "gr^*R5^*fi3TT^ ulajh-pulajh-j,^ 

n. (see ulajhnd, to be entangled, &c.). A. 

(j^ ■^^5*^»T tiljhan, f. involution, the state 

of being entangled, complication, a. 

U^sfc TQ5*R»n ulajhnd or ilajhna, n. to be en- 
tangled, to be involved in a quarrel or difficulties ; to 
ouarrel, to debate. A. 


( 56 ) 


\vA^ 7^J%5T uljhcra or lljhera, m. the state 

of being entangled (see tdjhan). h. 

^ ■3^^'Tr ulachna, a. to throw out the 

water from any thing ; to drain, h, 
fr^ ilhah, importunity, urgent solicitation. a. 

liW t7/m<;?, impiety, heresy, idolatry ; atheism, 
unbelief, (as to the Musalman faith), a. 

JwOW' al-hasil, in short, in fine. a. 

^jl^^ ilhak,m. addition, junction, coupling, a. 

Jlat al-Jial, now, at present; just now. a. 

^W' i7//aw, m. note, sound, modulation, tune, 

an air in music, al^n (pi. of laJjLn), musical notes, 
melodies, a. 

j^ al-hazar, (used as an interjection) be- 
ware ! have a care 1 a, 

laAfl;^ al-hnftz, (lit. the Protector), interj. 

God preserve us ! o. 

^J^ al-hak or al-hakh, true, right ; in truth* 

verily, the truth is. a. 

»iJ S^ al-hamdu-liUahi, God be praised ! a. 
J\ alikh. (a contraction of i^\ \}\) used 

in the sense of " et caetera, and so on." a. 
JfJlit alkhalaJf, f. a coat, vest, garment, a. 
IS^aJI alddna, to scream out, to shriek, d. 
^\ ;i'<JJ<WI ularna, n. to lie down, to rest. A. 
'ji\ alar, imperfect, not grown up. d. 
^jS\ ^(f)i^c^S alar-halar, f. trifling talk or 

employment, h, 

^j>\ ilzam, m. blame, reproach ; conviction, a. 
^jj\ WcjSill or 'srr^STC alas, alas m. laziness, 

drowsiness, sloth; adj. lazy, slothful, drowsy. «. 

\!>\.*J1 ^(fi'^HI alsana, n. to be drowsy, to 

dose, to slacken, «. 

<JLuJ\ ^<^HS alasat or alasta, or alasta-gi 

or alsati, f. apathy, sloth, indolence. ». 

j»^LJ\ al-saldm, farewell, peace or safety be 

upon thee 1 a. [guages. a. 

»JuJl alsina (pi. of (j^), tongues, lan- 
<uuJl Vli:^^ alasya, m. laziness, adj. lazy. 

(see alas), s. [slothful. «, 

i^\ ^IcSyfl '^1' "'SJ^V^ alasyl, alasl, drowsy, 
ig*^\ W^'^ll alsi, f. linseed. (Linum usitaiis- 

"simum. h, [perior. t, 

ijjJ! ulash or u/twA, m. the leavings of a su- 

I jUa)t altdf m. (pi. of i-Jlia5), kindnesses, 

favours, a, 

jjj«J\ al-'abd, a form of counter-si<;nature by 
a subordinate clerk or ofTlcer ; lit. the slave or servant.a 

ek)J«-»liu«5^ al-azamatu-liUdhi, great is God, ai 

ejaculation expressive of surprise, fear, denial, &c. . i 

\m\ ilgldr or alghdr, m. rnpine, devastatioTJ. 
as during the inroad of a hostile army ; the ioroK^ 
march of an army through a district, p. 

[^yii^ al-gharaz, in short, upon the whole, m 

a word, finally, a. 
'ij^\ algjmza, m. a whistle, pipe; or sms'J 

flageolet, "p. 
ut^UiJ\ al-ghiydf, m. complaint, complaining, 

demanding justice, interj. alas ! help I a. 

v_>jJ«J\ al-ghaih, that which is hidden, secret, 
or mysterious, al-ghfli^ '*nd alldhi, God knows what 
is hidden, a. 

>,_'o\\ alf, a thousand, alif, the first letter of 
the Arabic or Persian alphabet, a. 

Ift3\ alfd, m. a kind of dress worn by fahirs, 
like a shirt without sleeves, and open at the sides. %, 

)£>\a}\ alfdz m. (pi. of iai)), words, articulaia 

sounds, terms, a. 

j3v— ft)l alif-be or alif-hd-td, f. the alphabet. />. 

d>g^\ ulfat, f. friendship, aflTection, attacli- 
ment, kindness, familiarity, intimacy, a. 

s.'isS\ dlufta, astonished, frantic, insane, p. 
StiJj ,eJ^^ ulfatl-banda, attached from friez>(t- 

ship (a slave or servant), a. p. 
^Ji\ alfl, f. see IftJl alfd (cloth, &c.) covered 
with marks like the letter alif. a. 

i^\ aJfl, f. a pin, (so called in Dak- 

C^\^\ aljindt,\ hani): the word is appa- 
ll aljinm, J rently Portuguese. 

IB\ illid, m. throwing down, flinging. ilkd,e 

ttajar, throwing a stone, an offence prohibited by 
Muhammadan law, whereby the person throwing a 
stone at any article was compelled to purchase it. a. 

i^^\sd\ nllnh ([)]. of t_-»H5), m. titles, honorary 
names ; forms of address, &c., in letters, a. 

«.oifl3i (d-liimi, in short, in one word. a. 
Ci3J^ «I<JJ<* alah, f. a lock of hair. s. 
til3\ (ilah, aside, apart, d. 
^\ it^\ ulhd, f. a firebrand ; a meteor, 

flame, fire. *. [cirl-T, 

Jj\^^ ^QjoIfRf^ alakdvali, f. a row of side 
tJiSy\ '^'^'^ alaksh,\ invisible, unseen: a 
,^xU ^^^ alakh, J form of salutation 

among a class of medicants. t. 

^^.iiol <a^rt9T[T a-lakshan, m. a bad sign or ill 

omen. s. [fated. $ 

^Z^\ "^^^J^ a-lak&hani, unfortunate, lil- 
j^l r///;aM, stuttering, pronouncing badly, a, 
\SiJ^\^[^W!{^ alak-nandd, f. a strea;n that 

runs from the Itimalaya mountains, and falls into 
the Ganges near Srinagar. ». 


-^' 'MleS'lsf a-lakh (same as U'laksk), unseen, 
unlocked at. s. [Saiva sect. s. 

^\j,^] alakh-nanii, m. a mendicant of the 

f.1^ ' ^^ST a-lag, separate, distinct, a-lag a-lag, 
or alag-talag, separately, t. 

»-^Ji 11^^ IT cilga, separate, apart, distinct, free, 

loose, unconfined ; m. a sandal, s. 
b\X)I Sfe< (it'll Tfl algana, a. to separate, to put 

one side, ulgana, to cause to leap over. s. 

(^ u)I V^^ll^ algal, f. separation. *. 
cLJjI ulgat, act of leaping over. s. 

Ufll alagnd, n. to be separated or disjoined. 

ulagnd, n. to spring or bound over. s. 
j_^5l ^^JJIffl alagiii, f. a line for hanging 
"clothes on. A. 
1>-^)I algoja, m. (see a lgh uzd) a pipe, &c. p. 

^^ TgJ^TTT ulalnd, n. to be overset, or laid 
over to one side. k. 

d^\ alldh, m. God ; the Supreme Being. 

alldhu akbar, God is great ! an exclamation of sur- 
prise, resignation, &c. alldh, alldh ! Oh wonderful ! 
excellent ! alldh-billah-talldh, 1 swear most solemnly, 
&c. a. 

Jt>\ ^l^^ (darn, sticks set up for the support of 

creeping plants (like our vines, &c.). A. 
A \ alam, m. pain, grief, affliction, a. 
J) V<^H alam, enough, abundance; able, 

adequate, or equal to. i. 

jtfjlj) almdri, f. a chest of drawers, a bookcase } 

(the word is of European origin : for example, the old 
English terra is " almarie ;" and the Scotch word 
"awmrie," or "autnrie," is in common use to this 
day), h. 

(^^IJl almas, m. a diamond, almas-taiash, 
m. diamond-dust ; adj. cut into angles (as glass), p. 

^y*VJ) ahndsi, cut into facets (like a diamond). 

" almasi-rang, of a diamond colour; m. a bright clear 
white colour, p, 

^^;J0I ^l(j&4l«1 dlamban, m. dependence; a sup- 
port, protector, s. 

J^^l allam-ghallam, m. trifling talk or busi- 
ness ; toying ; vanity, idle excuse, p. 
uil»51 T5Rc|i ulmuk, m. a firebrand, burning 

wood, charcoal, s. 

(.illij) alam-ndk, full of pain or sorrrow. a. p. 
ft)3ftljl al-minnatu lilldhi (God be praised!), 

an ejaculation expressive of surprise, fear, denial, &c. a. 

ijX^\ alviaira, m. (v. almdri), a press, &c. 
aJ 1 dlunj, a sort of wild plum, a sloe. p. 

\jjjj\ ulandnd, a. (v. ulendnd), to pour out a 

liquid, h. 
.\^' H^^IC alankdr, m. ornament or jewel ; 

rhetoric ornate composition in prose, s. 
Oio3^ ^l^r*Woirt«Art<a,adorned,decorated.«. 

( 57 ) jj\ 

jl^xjJl alankhdr, the treble notes in musics?. 
uL^l ^^T alang, f. side, way, corner, in- 

trenchments ; is alang, this side. h. 

cL^jJI "3'^T or '^qT^ ulang or alang, naked, s. 
i^jj} I alang, intrenchment, trenches. _p. 
fj^\ ^if^^ dlingan, m. the act of em- 
bracing, s. [overleap. A. 
U.^jJl "3^11^ ulangd, n. to bound over, to 
J;^5^ "5^1^ ullanghan, m. the transgressing 

of a rule or custom ; transgression. *. 

^Jjyi ^T%^ dlingi, adj. embracing, s. 
^T 'arT^or^STf? dlu,m. an esculent root {Arurn 

campanulatum), a potato ; Rat-dlu, a yam. dlu,e Shakar- 
Jcand, a sweet potato, &c. alii, in Persian, signifies a 
plum, but in India the word is taken to signify a potato. 
It is singular that this vegetable is named by the Per- 
sians and Arabs, as by the French, "ground apple," viz. 
Persian, itbi zamini, Arab, tuffdl^-ul-ardh. dlu.i bukhdra, 
dried plums, prunes. (Binning), p. 

^\ dlo, a portion of unripe corn. h. 

^\ 'W^^^dlu, m. an owl ; met. a stupid fellow, 

a fool. I. 
y>\ "^^ulu, 'I f.akindofgrass(iSfacc/jarttw 
y^^i^w^wa,/ cylindricum, Willden). h. 
-tjJ I alwdk (pi. of _jJ), tablets, planks, &c. a. 

JI^JT ^ l <jbm<ji dlwal, m. a basin for water 

round the root of a tree. ». 
v«^l^l ulu-l-amr, men possessed of command 

or authority (vide fi/u). a. 
^J^\ abcdn (pi. of ^^^), colours, sorts, kinds; 

adj. of various sorts and colours. O. 

<— J|^l ^^rW alop, concealed, defaced, retired, 
run out, destroyed ; apparent, alop-ho-j., n. to vanish. «, 
.^l^\ 4^^A ullu-pan, m. folly, stupidity, s. 

Uo.^l ^cjilMHI alopnd, a. to conceal, to hide 

one's self; m. to lie hid, to be concealed, s. 
&>-^i alucha, a kind of small plum. p. 

tijJl dlud (v. dluda), soiled, &c. p. 
{^^yi\ uUu-dds, } stupid as an owl, a fool 
ijjuih^\ ullu-ddsrt,) or simpleton, s. 
cijijJi al-widd', adieu ! fare thee well ! a. 

j_^»i^T dludagi, f. contamination, stain, foul- 
"ness, defilement, p, 

^i^T dludan, to stain, defile, pollute, p. 
»>i^T dluda, soiled, stained, smeared or de- 
filed ; overwhebned, immerged, loaded with. p. 
^^1 ulush, m. (see ulash), leavings, t. 
i_J^i uluf, thousands (pi. of <— ftJi). a- 
uiJ^l T^^ uliik, m. an owl (same as ullti). t 


( 58 ) 


ciJ^T ^ | <ji^«!|i alok, m. sight, looking j light; 

flattery, panegyric, s, 

f.^^^ ^^iftlToir a-laukik, unpopular, not cur- 
rent, Bupernatural. ». [visibility, s, 
^5^1 ^^t^'wj a-lokan, m. disappearance, in- 

ij^^^ VJI<JJ1cF*T alokan, ra. sight, seeing, 

looking. ». 

J.4^1 '^oS'^f^ ulukhal, m. bdellium, a gummy 

substance ; a wooden mortar for cleaning rice. *. 
4?-^^T S« l <jiJ( | ^ alu-gachh, m. the potato 

tree ; the tapioca shrub, h. 

J^l W^fl^y aZo/, f. gambol (generally applied 

to a horse) ; adj. steady, s, 

JjiS J^l ^T^yt^Jofi^^S alol-halol, f. gambols, 

wantonness, playsomeness (of young animals), h, 

^_j51 ^c^(i[l or ^(Jtifr a-lona, fresh, not salt, 

insipid, s. [madan. p. 

j3j)^ alwand or dlwand, a mountain in Ha- 

t-l*ja&^l uluhiyat,'\ deity, divinity, the divine 

eufc^l uluhiya, J essence, a. 

aJ I dla, m. (see a/a<), tool, &c. a. 

&5I 77a/i (v. &)3i), God, the Supreme Being, a. 

^\ ^rr^ aZ/ta, the name of a Hindu soldier 
and poet, from whom a species of poetry takes its 
name. h. 

fX^\ ilhdm, inspiration, revelation, a. 

Vil^^l ^r^T*n alhdnd, n. to rejoice, to be 
cheerful. /(. [unsldlfal. h. 

j^i SH«^j alhar, young, untaught (animal), 

U^l '^'^^fff ulahnd, m. complaint, accusa- 
tion ; reproof, chiding, ulahna dena, to reproach, com- 
plain, abuse ; n. to grow, to vegetate, h. 

jj^l ildhi, divine, the Divine Being; used as 

" an interj., O God ! Name of an aera instituted by Akbar. 
ilahi gaz,the standard yard measure of forty-one fingers, 
instituted by Akbar. a. [musical mode. h. 

U4M >a«^m alhaiyd, f. name of a ragnl or 

OU^^ ildhii/at, divine things or studies ; 
metaphysics, theology, a. 

CLaa^I ildliiyat, f. divinity, the godhead, a. 

^T ^TT^ dU, a land measure, equivalent to 
"four bislt ; adj. of or belonging to the al tree. h. 
[J I 'W^dti, f. damsel, female friend ; m. a 

"scorpion. «. [of the lotus, s. 

jjl W^ alt, m. a large black bee, enamoured 

/Jl ila, up to, until, ila-al-dn, up to the pre- 
sent time. a. 

^! WIqS^ dial, m. a house, an abode. .«. 
U51 ^ifc^^T dliyd, name of a tribe of banjd- 

ras. h. 
UbU5\ "W^TTHT^^ alaiyd-halaiyd, f. sacrifice, 
victim ; liglited wisps, with which the Hindus divert 
themselves at the season of the Dewi'ili. h. 

J— aaJI vhi<J5M dlep, m. liniment, plaster. «. 
^j^ '5§rt'«l»n ulicknd, a. to throw up water, 

to bale. h. 

«.f.Wj(JI W^^hcT dti-rang, m. a colour ex- 
tracted from the al tree {Morinda citrifolia). h.p. 
^jSu^l ^^^^f ilish, m. a fish, the hilsa or sable 

{Clupea alosa). t. 

«-iljJl ^^3R aUk, m. falsehood, untruth, any 
thing displeasing or disagreeable; adj. false, un- 
pleasing. s. [elating torment, a. 

j»aJ' atim, painful. *azdbi alim, an excru- 

Ui3Ja)Y ;j^41i«11 ulendnd, a. to pour water, h. 

aI ^m dm, m. a mango (fruit of the Mangi- 
' /era Indica), provisions, Actuals (undressed) ; sickness, 
disease ; adj. raw, undressed, imripe. t. 

a\ umm, f. a mother, a. [ever. a. 

Ut ammd, but, moreover, nevertheless, how- 

u\ Wti ammd, f. a mother, s. 

jL*>Ut ^TJnfinrrr dmdtisdr, m. dysentery, s. 

«JL)1«1 ^enrn? amdtya, m. a minister, coun- 
sellor, t. farrows at. p. 

— UT dmaj, m. a mark or butt to shoot 
fS(i\i«\ dmddagi, f. readiness, alertness, p. 
»<jl«l dmdda, prepared, ready, alert, p. 

j\*T amar, calculation, investigation; an ac- 
oonnt-book or register, p. 

Ci^Ul imdrat, f. dominion, authority; a 

district imder the government of an amir, a, 
iijU\ amdrid, (pi. of djo\) beardless youths, a. 
iXit\ ammdra, domineering, imperious, a, 

(j*»l«t dmds, m. swelling, dmds-k, to swell, 
to effect a swelling, p. 

(j*»Ijc\ ammds, the conjunction of the sun and 
moon, the days about new moon. d. 

-oiUl amdkin (pi. of ^jO««)» mansions, ha- 
bitations, places, a, 

jJU^ imdla, m. [\\t. inclining) a change of 
vowels in pronunciation as kittb for kitdb (a book), o. 

*U\ imdm, m. a priest, a leader in rolifjious 
matters, patriarch, prelate, chief; a large bead in a 
rosary, which remains fixed in the hand, and is not 
turned over in counting (called by the Hindus iSfc»- 
meru). a. 

\j\jA>\<\ imdmbdrd, m. (also imdmbaru f.) « 
kind of temple in which the festival of the Mnharram 
is celebrated : it is generally a square building with • 
cupola on the top h. 

(J1a/«U\ imdmat, f. the office of an imdm. a. 

^^\joAi«\ imdm-zdmin (or-zdmint), m. the 

protecting Imam, or one's guardian saint, imam-zu- 
tnin ka rupiya, a piece of coin dedicated to Iinfuu Za~ 
min : it is fastened on the arm of a persctii about to 
leave home as a charm for averting evil: if iu want 
he may spend it, not otherwise, a. 


( 5V ) 

•* imamt. 

^v*i imamt, l of or relating to an hnam, 

wy«U\ imamiya J an epithet assumed by the 

followers of 'Ali. a. 
^\^ aman, f. grace, mercy, security, safety, 

protection; as an inter], it denotes, " quarter ! spare 
me ! " and is generally sounded aman, a. 

jjUT ^n»nW amanna, m. raw rice or grain ; 

provisions undressed, s. 

jjU\ ^rwrl amma/i(same asamma),a mother, s. 
\3U\ ^RT«n amana, n. to be contained, to go 

into. s. 
tl;oU amanaU f. deposit, charge, any thing 

given in trust ; faith, religion, amanat-dar, a trustee, 

or depositary; adj. faithful, honest, amdnat-dart, f. 

guardianship, agency, trust, charge; faithfulness. 

amanat-rakhna, a. to consign or deposit, amunat-daftar, 

a registry-office, amanat-jart, assignments of revenue. 

amanat-mdh,al, an estate, atnanat-nama, a deed of trust 

br deposit, a. 
j3\/oWmana<i,f. goods &c. given in charge, a. 

ajujlc\ ^«<HV|^ a-manamya, incredible, not 

fit to be believed, s. [without pride, humble, s. 

^\a\ < «H I «f t a-manl, incredulous, inattentive; 

"jU amani, f. security ; trust, charge, de- 

"posit ; adj. (applied to land) that which is in charge of 
a coUector on the part of government (m opposition 
to yo>a, that which is farmed), a. 

&jJU\ ^XHT^ a-manya (see amananiya). in- 

"credible, not worthy of being believed, s. 
iJLf^\^\^m^Z amarvat, m. the inspissated juice 

of the mango (v. amot). h. 

f. the conjunc- 
tion of sun and 
moon, the day 

^^wjU^ ^Wra^ amawas, 
&ju«»jU^ ^»n^^ amavasya, 
^^jUl ^WT^Tl't amavast, 

**of new moon. s. 

c^>*^ ^re amb, m. a mango, a mango tree. 

ambu, m. water. «. 
\jJt is^ amba, f. a mother, (same as ammo), s. 
Ob J ^rremr dm-bat, m. a swelling, which 

comes without pain and goes oflf as easUy, even without 

medicine, a windy tumour, s, 

^.U*^ ^^k1 ambarl, f. a canopy, a litter 
"used oo an -elephant or cameL p. 
uIaax^ ^raiT ambat, sour, acid or acrid, s. 
Ulja<\ ^^riHI ambatand, n. to grow sour, 

to "be acidulated, s. [nelumbo). *. 

^\ ^re^ ambuj, m. the lotus (Nymphcsa 
j*^\ ^renc ambar, m. clothes, apparel; the 

sky or atmosphere ; a perfume {ambergris), t. 

jAyc\ '^TTiK dmbar,f. ambergris (v. ^anbar). a. 
^J\jX<\'V^Xl\ambard,i, f. a mango grove, s. 
V]>.j<*) ^■^ ambarchd, m. an ornamental 

,^jLij-o\ ^TBir ambashth, m. a man the off- 
ering of a Brahman and a Vaisya woman, by occupa- 
tfon a phyaician. «. 

\if«\ >a n gein anibikd,f. a name of the goddess 

Parvati. s. 

^^^\ambott, f. a species of sorrel {Oxalu 

cormculata'). d. [lesB. *. 

JfcX/ol ^rwt^ am,bol (for an-bol), silent, speech - 
^j^y^\ ^Wt*r ambhoj, m. the lotus, s. 
Uf«^ ^f%^ am6«?/a,f.asmall unripe mango. «. 
C^ ummat, f. people, a religious sect, peo- 
ple of the same belief, o. 
C1^a\ ssfinf a-mit, unmeasured, undefined, a. 
**T dmmat, one of the ten kinds of wounds 

compensated by a fine. a. 

i^\^ imtihdn, m. examination, proof, trial, 

experiment; temptation, a. 
li^ Ja*l imtiddd, m. protraction, prolongation, 
prorogation, extension ; adj. protracted, a. 

^)0U\ imtild, m. repletion, indigestion, a. 
c.\JSa\ imtina, m. restraint, prohibition, a. 
^\ ummattf m. a believer in, or follower of, 

- any particular sect, a, 

:UL)\ imtiyaz, m. discrimination, separation, 
distinction; pre-eminence ; good breeding, imtiyaz-k., 
a. to discriminate ; to treat with distinction, a. 

(_c)IjlU\ imtlydzi, having the quality of dis- 
criminating, worthy of distinction, a. 
iJl^\^f^a-mit, indelible, undefaced. s. 
Jb«^ amsctl (pi. of Jaa.), examples, similes, 

equals, fables, parables, a. 

S^^ amjad, very or most glorious, a. 

^ir amji, f. compulsory service, d. 

,,^^ ^TR^T amchur, m. parings of the 

mango, dried in the sun. s. 

Sa\ dmad, f. arrival, income, dmad-dmad 
or amad o raft, f. access and egress, dmad-shud or 
amad o shud, intercourse, thoroughfare, p. 

d)^\ imddd, f. act of assisting, aiding, or 
abetting; succour, help ; extending, a. 

^^T dmadan, (r. a or dy) to com*', /i. 

^;i^T dmdani, f. the season in which any 

"merchandise generally arrives; perquisites; any 
thing gained over and above ; ways and means ; in- 
come, revenue ; import, p. 

Ki\iL<i\ ^»RT«n umddnd, also umdd-d., a. to 

cause to overflow, to flood, h. 
\JSk\ "Wtn^J umadnd, n. to overflow ; to let 

fall (a^ tears), to shed, to swell and increase or prevail 
(like a river, clouds, an army, the heart, &c.). h. 

yoS amr, m. an order, command; an affair, 
transaction; (in gram.) the imperative mood. a7nr-ba- 
yad, lit. " your business is in your own hands, which 
uttered by a husband and agreed to by a wife, consti 
tutes an irreversible divorce, a. 


( 60 ) 


j*T amir, one who orders, a commander, 

ruler, a. [indtco). ». 

j<i wn^ amra, m. the mango tree (^Mangifera 

j^\ ^STRT: a-mar, undying, immortJil, long- 
lived, perennial, everlasting; a god. Amara S'mha, 
the name of a Sanskrit lexicographer. . s, 

\j<i\ 'Srarr or ^TRTT amra, m. name of a fruit ; 
hog-plum {Spondias mavgifera). s. 

\j^ umard (pi. of ax>^), nobles, grandees; a 

noble (generally), but more especially applied to those 
of a Muhammadan court, a. [eases, a. 

{^\j«\ amrdz {\)\. of (ji^), sicknesses, dis- 
ijyj<\ '^Hl.l^ift a-mardnati, f. the celestial 

"city of Indra. s. [mangoes. *. 

i^U*) '^TRTT^ amra,i, f. a tope or grove of 
jJjo-<il ^Jf?:^^ amar-hel, m. an epidendron, 

or parasitical plant similar to the misletoe. t. 

>^j<\ -isHH^Mf^ amar-pad, ni. tlie state of an im- 
mortal; immortality, s. 
C^j>c\ ^TRW a-mrit, m. the water of life, 

nectar; an antidote; any thing sweet; water; wine; 
a guava ; immortality, final emancipation, t. 

..if "^ITTrTT aniaria 1 . . ,. 

Uw«l i f u immortality. », 

^ L 'WHUTTT ainnttd J 

^jIj3j/o^ ^HTITR amrit-bdn, m. a variety of 

tae kela, or plantain, s, 

.^j^^ 'SWirt 01- ?^inft amriti or imrith f. a 

"small vessel for drinking out of; a kind of sweet- 
meat ; a kind of cloth ; a^j. nectarious. h. 

d\i>-jK\ ^m?§T^ a-marjdd, If. indignity.dis- 
^jl>.^^ ^T^tOl^ a-marjddd, J honour, s. 
^j«\ amrad, beardless, handsome (a youth), a. 

Jw«l dmnrz, act of pardoning or forgiving; 

amurK-gdr, he who pardons ; an epithet of God. p. 
{jf^jj^ dmurzish, f. pardon, grace, forgive- 
ness of sins (by the Deity), p. 
(^jtiyc\ dm-ras, inspissated juice of the mango 

(see amot). s. 

i^j«\ VKIHM dmarsh, m. anger; wrath ; envy, 

impatience of another's success ; peevishness, s. 

<^yiy^ ^m:^'W amar-lofe, m. heaven, the 

region of the immortals, s. 
Ojij-«\ ^HiCT amrut, m. a guava. {Psy- 

dium pyrifcrum), s, 

«3jj*\ amrud, m. a pear ; also a guava. p. 

Jjij/o^ imroz (for in-raz^, to-day. imroz-fardd, 
to-day or to-morrow, t. e. soon, imroz fardd-k,, a. to 
put off, to procrastinate, p. 

^-^ jj/«\ amr o nahi, m. commands and pro- 

"hibitions, orders and counter-orders, commanding and 
countermanding ; hence, sovereignty, authority, a. 

\i^\ij«\ ^H^T^ a-marydddy f. disrespect, indig- 
nity. (Same as a-marjadd.) t. 

dL)<>\i^\ VT^lf^ «-waryadt7/,di8re9pected. s. 

(j<-ci ummast resolution, fimmess, strength, d. 
(,^L*««i imsdk, m. parsimony; abstinence ; a 
medicine taken to prolong pleasure { scarcitj, want. a. 
JL«/«\ imsdl (for th-sdl), this year. p. 
U*.*^i 4*i«tlT umasnd, n. to rot, to putrefy, k, 
(j^l ^SfrftR amM, m. flesh, food, enjoyment; 

object of enjoyment, a pleasing object a. 

\^^jJLa\ imshab (for In-shab), to-night, p. 
Jj^l ^H^^ drn-shul, m. the cholic, pain 

arising from indigestion. *. 

j\>cj«\ amsdr (pi. of^^-o*), cities, large cities, a. 
ij^Ui/«\ inizdfl, despatching, transmitting, a. 

Jai ^^^ im'dni nazx, looking attentively, 

contemplating, o. [son. t. 

cil«\ ^m«ir amuli, such a one, a certain per- 

(-iUfciiK*^ wrannr^T amkd-dhamkd, l^m.tri- 

tt-»^(i'\x-«\ ^Hohre'HcIiT amkd-dhamka, J fles, 

trifling ; a person of little estimatioQ. h. 

(j»<ol imkdn, m. possibility; contingent ex- 
istence (in opposition to umjub, neoeanty, or necessary 
existence), a. 

j_^\x«i imhdnl, potential, possible, a. 

&A^X*\ VM^ a-mukhya, inferior, ordinary, s, 

J-o\ amal, m. hope, expectation, a. 

(J-«i ^^^ amal, m. intoxication. amoR jintf 
intoxicating liquors or drugs, h, 

(_V*i ti«tji «w/ or amla, acid; sour. s. 

(J^^ ^H^ a-mal, bright, pure, clean, clear. «. 

y^\ imld, m. orthography ; writing correctly ; 

completing, filling up. imld-ddn, one wlio writes cor- 
rectly, imld-nawls, the same. a. 

^1 ^rWoST dnilu, m. the emblic myrobalan 

{Phyllanthus emblica). t. 

^^\ amldk (pi. of ciUu), possessions, pro- 
perties (generally applied to land), a. 

{^y^^ Wti^M amZa?j,m. globe amaranth {Qom- 
phrena glohosa) ; a^. clean, clear, i. 

(^^^ imldh, m. possession, property ; land 

held rent free. a. 
ij^ J-<|^ WV^^l^ amal-pattt, f. the hem of 

"cloth, a kind of stitching, h. 
l^\ ^Y^iTT amlatd, f. sourness, acidity, t. 
{^jttd!u\'W{'^!l!n:^amaltds,ia. Cassiajistida. k» 
KU I 'Hlf*^!*! dmlikd, f. the tamarind tree. $. 
^Ju>l ^?nrf^5«T a-malin, clean, pure. $. 
^\ ^*^1 or ^»gj imti or imli, m. the taauip 

" rind-tree {Tamarindu* Indiea) and its firuit. s. 


s,xLxc\ "I ^^ f a-manushya, \ 
&jL^^jk/«\ J ^ I n-manukhya, J 

j^ umam (pi. of (J1aJ«^), nations, sects, tribes, 
herds, a. [diflference, stoicism s. 

^C-^\ iHHMffI a-mamta, f. disinterestedness, in- 
/^t ^WT aman, m. winter rice-crop. h. 
^^\ artifi, m. security, safety, amn-aman, m. 

quarter, crying out for quarter, amn o dmdn, in safety 
and security, a. 

lx«l amanna, yea, verily; lit. we believe, a. 

\jLcla»U<I ^lUl^iill amnd-samna, m. opposi- 
tion, confronting, h. 
\^Sm«\ 7H j*fT zwiandnd, n. (see umad?ia), to 

overflow, abound, to swell, to increase, to be poured out. 
umand umand kar rona, to weep violently, h. 

UjJL*^ ^HitTT umandnd, n. to be proud, con- 
ceited, d. 


yatd, unmanliness, inhumanity, s. 

ijjj^\ ^HT nmang, f. transport, excessive 
joy, exultation, ambition. A, 

^\Jwc\ ^SWW^ a-mangal, m. a disaster, a cala- 
mity; an evil omen, ill luck; adj. inauspicious, un- 
Jucky. ». Doy. h. 

U^^ U^JIHI umangna, n. to advance with 

^JokI vHt umangl, sanguine, desirous, am- 

"bitious. h. 

!,_ f^^A*\ ^H*f\HlJI a-manojog, m. inatten- 
tion, ormanojogl, inattentive. «. 

C^^^ "WnftfThr a-manonit, disapproved ; 
reprobate, s. [pleasing, t. 

J6y««^ WT*ft^ a-manohar, disagreeable, dis- 

C.ajl1«\ amnlyat, security, repose, a place 
of safety, a [to face. h. 

^'««*» ^T ^n^nHT^ amne-samne, opposite, face 

\ja*T ^»Tf»rn dmaniyd, f. land on which 

the winter crop of rice is sown. h. 
0\*«\ arwwa/; (pi. of tH^), the dead. a. 

0\y<T WnnT7 dmvdt, m. constipation or 

torpor of the bowels with flatulence and intume- 
scence, the wind being supposed to be chiefly affected.*. 

^'^) amrvaj (pi. of-.y>), billows, &c. a. 

iyi\y>\ ^H<(I9 amavds, the new moon. s. 

y^iyc^ am7i-dl{p\. of JU), riches, wealth, goods 

and chattels, personal property, o. [learn, p. 

^J^yc\ dmokhtan, (r. dmoz) to teach; to 

euk>'»*', dmohhta, learnt, taught, trained, p. 

(iycT ^awt^ dmod, m. fragrance ; pleasure, s, 

.y«\ UTrntr (pi. ofj#o^), business, things, affairs, 

actions; commanding, ordering, a. 
Ojyc^ vn[% a-murti, formless, unembodied. «. 

( 61 ) f^\ 

jyc] dmoz, taught; used in comp., as dait- 
amoz, taught by the hand, tamed (bird), p, 

^y>\ ^Ht^ a-mogh, productive, fruitful, 

effectual, infallible, s. 

J[^\ '^^t^^ a-mol, invaluable, above price, s. 
(J^-«\ '^nr^ a-mul, destitute of root or origin, s. 

C^ycS umumat, f. the condition of being a 

mother, maternity, a. 
^\ "^nft ami, f. the water of life ; nectar, s. 
j<el "^TTGf dmaya, m. sickness, disease, s. 

jVo\ ummi, uneducated, unable to read or 
" write ; unknown, unacquainted, a. [rdj-puts. h. 
U^^^ Wfft'n amethiyd, name of a tribe of 
»j.J^\ dmekhta, mixed, mingled, p. 

^^^J^\ dmekhtan, (r. dmez), to mix, to 
mingle, p. 

iiJL*\ ummaid or ummed, f. hope, expectation, 

dependence, trust ; (in Hind.) pregnancy, ummaid-se 
hand, to be pregnant, ummaid-wdr, hopeful, expect- 
ing ; an expectant, a dependant, a candidate, ummaid' 
tedrl, f. expectation, expectancy, dependence, p. 

sj^SXA\'^via-medhya, m. faeces, excrement ; 
adj. impure, s. 

(ji^\ ummed'i, an expectant ; adj. hopeful, 
sanguine, p. 

jfc*i amir, m. a nobleman, a grandee ; an east- 
em title nearly answering to Lord, amir ul umard or 
amiri kabtr. Lord of lords, a title given by eastern 

{>rinces to their ministers, &c. amir-wdr or amlrdnd, 
ike a noble, amtr-zada or amtr-zddt, nobly bom ; 
amtru-l-bdfyr, a commander by sea (hence admiral). 
amlrtd-muminln, commander of the (true) believers, a 
title assumed by the Caliphs, a. 

(_^^\ aviirt, f. a principality, an earldom, 
the dignity or office of an amir. a. 

Ljlj«1 dmez, mixture; (in compos.) mixed, 
mixing, fraught with, as mihr-amez, fraught with 
friendship, p. 

(^\i^\ awe^j^A, mingling, mixing ; f. mirth- 
fulness, sociability, bonhomie, p. 

^^^ amln, a commissioner, a trustee, an um- 
pire, an investigator, an arbitrator; a supervisor or 
officer employed by government to examine and regu- 
late the state of the revenues of a district, amin- 
daftar, an office for auditing the arnins. a. 

^jj/cl dmtn, amen, so be it. a. 

j_^x«i aminl, f. the office of amtn ; trust, 

" guardianship ; security, secure, a. 

f^\ ^»T an, a negative prefix of the same 

effect as our un or in, as an-dekhd, unseen. In words 
purely Sanskrit it is prefixed only to those beginning 
with a vowel, as an-ania, endless ; but in Hindi it is 
used indiscriminately before words beginning with 
vowels or consonants, as an-adar, disrespect, an-parhd. 
unread, &c. ». [weapon, s. 

jj)\ ^ifty ani, m. the edge or point of a sharp 
^^ Wt^anu, after (in time, place, and rank), 
according to, in imitation of. •. 

^j) • 5n, that ; he, she, or it. p. 

ip\ an, f. time, hour, minute, a. 

^^ W«T an (for Wl^), otlier (for Wlsfl), or- 
der, command, s. 

/jl 'WR aw, f. a graceful attitude, an affected 

gait; afTectation, pride, p. 
(jT ^TH an, f. dignity, honour; modesty, bash- 
fulness ; adv. on oath, an-mau se, respectfully, ho- 
nourably, h. [applied to boiled rice), s 

^^ ^(^ ann, m. food, victuals, (particularly 

f^\ ^ in and '3'»T un (pronouns in the oblique 

case), these, those, them. h. 
\3\ ^f^ anna, m. the husband of a nurse, h. 
IJl ^T*nana, n. to come, to be, to become, h. 
^I ^Jmjana, m. the sixteenth part of a rupl; 

a measure of land equal to sixteen rusts. In most In- 
dian dialects the term ana is conventionally Used to 
denote the fraction ■^•, thus a man is said to have a 
four ana share in a mercantile house, which means 
that he is entitled to one-fourth of the profits, ana- 
kara, m. a fee of one a7ia in the rupi. h. 

131 ana, delay, opportunity ; a seasonable hour. 
inna, as to us, verily we (used only in Arabic phrases).o. 

lIIajUI inabat, f. penitence, repentance, con- 
version, return to the true faith, a. 

.*il!)\ ^SHTTWr an-atur, healthy, vigorous, s. 

^13\ ^^TT'^I (i-nath, without a husband, witli- 
out a protector, without chief or sovereign; helpless, 
an orphan, andthl-banjar, m unclaimed land, lands 
without an owner, s. [pronounced ndj). s. 

_\3\ ^»n»T anaj, m. corn, grain (incorrectly 

\»X>\ ^fTPTPti an-achar, m. improper con- 
duct, neglect of religious observance ; adj. immoral, 
ill-behaved, an-acharl, immoral, indecorous. «. 

dAj>-l3\ ^fflf^ anachit, suddenly, unex- 
pectedly, andchiti or andcMtt, f. ignorance, thought- 
lessness, d. 

^\j\an-ad (or ^ni{lf^an-adi,yvithoiitheginn\ng, 

eternal, andd-banjar, land that has been waste from 
time immemorial, anad-bhumi, land transferred by 
mortgage, anddi-twa, m. eternity, s, 

j«5b\ ^fiT^T;an-arfar,ni. affront, disrespect, s. 
j\3\ anar, m. a pomegranate; it also denotes 

a kind of firework, p. 

j^ ,\i\ ^HIC^«T anarpan, m. silliness, clum- 
siness, inexpertness, igpaorance. h. 

eJ\dX>\ anar-dana, m. a species of millet, so 
called from its resemblance to the seed of the pome- 
granate, p. [nate. p. 

{jSi\ anain, of or resembling the.pomegra- 

(^X>\ ^•Trft rtwan,1 unskilful, clumsy, inex- 

j,-j'U\ ^^Tt awa/-i,J pert; s. a novice, a 

bungler, h. 

j*>\3\ T^rrrft unasi, seventy-nine. s. 
,xZ»Xi\ ^r*n^^ an-ctshya, indestructible, t. 

62 ) 


UI5 13T ananfa-dnan, constantly, every minute, 
incessantly, a. 

joUl ^»TT«inT an-akdr, shapeless, s. 

^^3\^l3 1 ^rRToPWt ana-hant, f. turning a deaf 

■■ ear, overlooking, winking at, purposely neg.ecting. 
dnd-lcdnd-d., to pretend ignorance, to ignore, h. 

Kxi\£\j\ ^flT^liTI anakrdnta, f. a sort of 
prickly nightshade {Solanum jacquini). t. 

&x^l31 '^Hl'mi an-dgamya, unapproachable, 

inaccessible, s. 

J3\ andm, mortals, the world, demon8,genii. a. 

l1a«13\ andmat (per metathesin for amdnai), 
deposit, trust, &c. a. [fingers, a. 

(J^13\ andmil (pi. of e^\), fingers, tips of the 

^^V3l dndn, those, dndn-ki, those who. p. 

(j*»liUl ananas, m. (v. anannds), the pine- 
apple. Port. 

dAjol3\ andniyat, f. egotism, boasting, arro- 
gance, a. 
jlj&Ul ^RT^R an-dhdr, m. abstinence, starva- 

I tion. an-dhdri, adj. fasting, t, [eaay. $. 

I (j*»bl3\ ^fTTn^ an-dyds, m. ease, facility ; adj. 

'i\ anah or inah, a kind of grape, the egg- 
plant, a. 

! ^n^ dnh or dmh, m. a mango (v. dm), t. 

\ ^ra ambu, m. water, s. 
USl HBren ambd, f. a mother (same as amnm). $. 
Xi^\ ambdr, m. magazines, heaps, a stock, p. 
t/jljol anibdri, f. a canopy ; a litter or how- 

' dah used on an elephant or camel, p. 

U'bjl ^^m ambdrd, m. "1 the esculent plant 

^jj'Ui' >2i'<f|^ ambdrt, f. J hibiscus, com- 
monly called the Rozelle {Hibiscus cannabinus). h. 

j\x>\ ambdz, m. a partner, an associate, p. 

i_^\^\ ambdzi, partnership, association, p. 

^\j61 amban, a kind of soft goat-skin leather j 
a purse, a clothes-bag, wallet, p. 

^^^'^J\ VHVI'T a«-?mn,f. spirit, properpride. h 

CL^x>\ ^eranr ambat, sour, acid. h. 

\JUjj\ 'wyflHla??i&a<ana,n.tobeacidulated.A. 

^\ W^ ambuj, m. the lotus {NympJuea 

nelumbo). s. 
jX>\ ^^ ambar (v. j*a\), sky; clothes, h. 

jX>\ ambar, m. (corruption o( jXsS'), am- 
ber, &c. a. 
t<)jj^ ^r¥n^ ambardft, f. a mango grove, i. 

iaU-jJl imbisdtff. gladness, joy, delightjcheer- 
fulness, recreation, mirth, a. 

KjkJl ^feniiT (see ^^^), the goddess Parvati s. 


( 63 ; 

Jjjl ambil, a kind of pottage, d. 
•ljjj\ ^H^HI«I an-hana,o, in. discord, dis- 

senEiou, misunderstanding, h, 

^;>Jjjl w*{W*^ anubandhl, connected with, 

"attached. *. 

J^^ ^R^^ or ^ift^ an-hol or am-bol, 
speechless, h. [course, p. 

»»jo\ amboh, a crowd, multitude, mob, con- 
BJ^\ amha, m. a mango (see arri). p. 
tl^\ anbha,o,\m. cultivating or taking pos- 

property, d. 


j^\ anbhau, J session of land, enjoying 

^»^^)kAjj^ 'STrrfH^TTR an-abhilash, ra. indiffe- 
rence, absence of desire, an-abhildslii, indiflferent. s 

jAX>\ ^snT>?^ anubhav or anubhau, m. com- 
prehension in the mind, judgment, conjecture, ex- 
perience, result, consequence, s. [guessed, s. 

C^»Aa>1 ^'JpTil anubhut, experienced, felt, 
j ^m \ ^rwt*T ambJioj, m. the \ot\x^{Nymph(Ba 

'Aelumbo). s. 

cLA^I anbhog (v. anbhciyO), possession &c. s. 
^jjT ambl, that which grows spontane- 
"onaly. d 
Ujj\ ambiya (pi. of ^^), prophets, a. 

UjJ\ ^f<t X[T fimbiyaS a small unripe mango, h. 
\ibbu>(^\ ^Rf^TTT^ an-biyaha, unmarried, s. 
UiioOjj^ ^R%VF an-bedha, unbored, unper- 

forated. s. 

^xo^ ambik, m. a still, an alembic, a. 
.Kjui^ ambihar, a sailor, pilot, c?. 

Li\5l-J\ ^*TUIri«K amipatak, m. a heinous of- 
fence short of a capital crime. ». 

, ,b,.,^ "STrPJTiT flww-7?a«, m. a vehicle; (in 
medicine) any thing in which a medicine is mixed, to 
facilitate the taking of it ; or which is swallowed after 
the medicine, s. [drink, s. 

^b^^ ^'^TiTrft ann-paiii, m. victuals and 
Kjujoi ^5r»mw an-apatya, childless, without 

progeny, s. 

J&jUjJ^ ^y{tUJfH an-aparadh, m. innocence j 
adj. innocent, sinless, anaparadhi, innocent, a. 

ij***\;>.i^^ >M^UI^I«{ anna-prasan, m. a kind of 
ceremony, the first feeding of children ^th food made 
of grain. <. 

^jx>\ amparna, n. to come to hand. d. 
vjl -(^" .^'>^ ^ni^rfiWiT an-upasthit, not ready, 

not present. «. 

jjjol ^^^q5 anupal, m. a second (of time), s. 

f^jXi\ ^f^nn!! a-nipun, unskilled, s. 

b,y^5j\ ^^^T, f. satiety ; name of a god- 
dess, the Ceres of the Hindus, i. 

U,^.t^T VHUJiiSl, n. to happen. A. 

jjy^ I ^TH^ll anupurv, f. order, method, a 

rank, a row. s, 

Li,^jUL>\ ^f?iT8J an-apehsha, f. disregard, care- 
lessness, indifference, s. [ing. s, 
^nr^'C^ an-apekh, disregarding,unheed- 
^»fT ant, f. entrails, gut, tripe, ant 

a,ond, n. to be aflflicted with the coming down of the 
rectum, ant girnd, n. to void white glutinous stools, s. 

CL^i\ ^If a)it, m. end, completion; perdition, 

destruction; mind, heart, boundary, limit; adj. final, 
ultimate ; adv. after all, at last ; (for antar) in, within. 
ant-ko, in the end, at the last. s. 

cLo\ ^S1Ttt^^^ m. intelligence, news, account, h. 
(Jlo^ '?fl»rtr anat, elsewhere, somewhere else. ». 

lI1o\ ^^ tinnat, high, tall, unnati, f. in- 
crease, prosperity, rising, a. 
t^lj3\ vsiHfim anutap, m. repentance, regret, 

remorse, anutdpl, penitent, a. 

\,\jj\ SHHriITT anutara, m. a satellite, s. 

(j«Jk3lj3\ TJtTWT^jNf untalis, thirty-nine. h. 

£^\ ^»?nT antaj, ra. a Shiidra, or man of low 
^aste. 3. 

L-.>\i^ intikhabf m. selection, picking; mak- 
ing extracts from books ; election, choice, a, 
ji>\ '^'HT. antar, within, between, amongst; 

without, except ; on one side, out of the way ; m. in- 
terval, intermission ; period, term; hole, rent; a cor- 
ner, side, quarter of the heavens; distance, space; 
heart; a pause, a stop; difference; opportune time; 
the midst; the heart, the supreme soul; adj. other, 
similar, antar-bhao, internal or inherent nature, an- 
tar-bhut, in the midst. antar-jdm'i, pervading the 
inward parts, acquainted with the heart (the Deity). 
antar-jdt, inborn, innate, antar dusht, internally bad, 
wicked, antar-dwdr, a private door within a house. 
antar-gati, f. emotions of the heart, inward sensations; 
adj. forgotten, antar-manns, sad, perplexed, antar- 
vatni, a pregnant woman, s. 

Jb\^7iS antar, f. the entrails, bowels, viscera, s, 

j6\ ^tj'^anuttar, unable to answer, without 

reply. «. [out. a. 

]ji>\ ^T'aTT aw ^ara, central ; near; adv. with- 

]/->\ ■»il»i1<T antar a, m. a verse, any verse of 

a song, except the first, h, 
CLi^)jii\ "*{»d<mw antarapatt (for antara- 
patya), pregnant, with child, with young (any animal), s. 
i_-o\;^31 'S'flTTB^ antara-tap, f. an intermittent 
fever, a tertian ague. s. [space, s, 

J^^ 'Sill 1.1 cj antaral, central ; m. included 
<^J<>^ VHi1^< antarbed, 1 f. the region of 
^j^>^ji>\ ''ini^t^ antarbedifj Kanauj be- 
tween the rivers Ganga and Jamuna, commonly called 
the Du,ab. s. [screen, a. 

tiiOjJo^ ^H^M3 antar-pat, m. a curtain, a 
C^Jio\ ^^friT antarit, inward, internal. «. 


( 64 ) 


Rumari aniarip, v/ape v^umuiiu. «. 

,A^.y3] ^'iTO'? antarichh, \m. the 
ij£iS,j3\ ^^i^ antarihsh, J adv. 

JU.jjo\ aM<ar;a/,m.a stick used in wreetling.rf. 
^Wjjk')l 'M'ri^ l *^ antarjarm, acquainted with 

•• the heart, an epithet of Krishna. ». 

4».jj3^ ^aWtr^Ti A antarichh,\v[i. the sky, the 

fj:^jy>\ ^?aft^ antarihsh, j air, the firma- 
ment, s. 
^^\i>;3po\ ^HiT^TtT antardhan, "1 m. disap- 
^Ujfci5jjk3\ ^THflTR antardhyan,) pearance, 

concealment, antardhyan-hona, to disappear, t. 

<j}jxA wf»a«Ii antrik, visceral, relating to the 

bowels, s 

Uo^Jki^ ^'iT^T antargarifja, m. a kind of 

water-plant bearing a white flower, s. [friend, t. 

vf.^j.JLj\ ^Tfirr^ antarang, m. a relative, a near 

{jjyi\ tHt antri, f. entrail (v. antrl). s. 

bjjki^ ^ftTT antriya, m. intermittent, an in- 
termitting fever. ». 
c-4jJ0^ "gl vrijO ^ anfartp, m. a promontory. 

human antarip, Cape Comorin. 

the sky ; 
in the 

air 'out of Bight antariksh, heavenly, celestial; m. 
the firmament, s. 
(j'j'j^^ WiTft,^ninJt, ovarii untri or antri,t en- 
trail, intestine, bowel, gut. antriyan jalna, to be very 
hungry, ar.tri 'f« ^«' kholna, a. to eat a bellyful after 
starving, antfiyan hul huwa-llah parhnd, n. to be verjr 
hungry (the belly saying there is but one God), antr' 
yoA men dg lagnd, to be very hungry, s. 

jli:j6\ inti.ihar, m. confusion, want of regu- 
larity ; dispersion, explanation, a. 
.liaJo\ intizjur, m. \ looking out (for any 
(CjUaJO^ intizari, f.J person), expectation. 

intiji3ri-k„ a. to expect, to look out for. a. 
^liajo^ intizjam, m. disposition, regularity, 
' order, arrangement ; the dispensation of Providence 
or fate. a. [stumbling, a 

i^\fix>\ inti'ash, recovering one's self after 
f\sl>\ intifa'f m. profit, advantage, a. 

JUiJo^ intihal, m. transporting, travelling; 
transferring, circulation (of currency) ; departure, de- 
cease, dying, a. 

jt\sLX>\ intiham, m revenge, retaliation, inti- 

Mf»-?., to retaliate, a. [hour of death, t. 

^y^CL^>\ ^*Adk\(f ant-hal, m. dying moments, 

j^ioJ^ ^nT:<*<<[j antaharan, or antah-haran, 

or antasknran, m. heart, mind, understanding, t. 

Jki^ 'wf^T nntim, final, ultimate, s. 

b3^\ ^»fft (in comp. same as antar). antah- 
patt, included, antah-tharir, m. the internal and spi- 
ritunl part of man, conscience, soul, antah-karan, m. 
the understanding, heart, will, conscience, soul. (. 

\Jx>\ iniiha, f. ond, termination, summit; adj. 

finished, completed, prohibited. «. [meats, t. 

o&Jo\ fPiT.^ antah'pur, m. the inner apart- 

a Shndra, 
man of the 

^Si\ VJ«KI^ anlyaj, J m. 

/^^^ W'rtH'H antya-janma, J a i 

lowest cast, antya-janmanl, f. a woman of the MTDe 

cast. «. 

,j-jp\ iJHdl^l units, twenty-nine. s. 
i^w»»\^juL>\ VNWfMKfl antevasl, m. a disciple^ a 

pupil residing with liis teacher, t 

^^J^x)J\ ^fiilM^ antya-varna, m. f. a man or 

woman of the Shudra cast. s. 

ajuol ^rffTW a-nitya, not permanent, fleeting, 

perishable, anityatd, f. frailness, transient existence. 
a-nityadatta or a-nitya-dattdka, that which is tempo- 
rarily granted ; a son adopted for a certain term. i. 

^^1*^ I 'HTTP ant, f. a knot ; envy, h, 

U3\ WfS[ anta, m. a ball, marble, anta-ghar, 

m. a billiard-room. h. 

iS^\jj>\ ^mprfTfT anta-chit, unlucky, whose 

fortune is exhausted (a term of abase), h. 

^JJ^\jk>\ ^nPTcFt^ antahori, f. a cord with 

which cattle are tied neck and heels, h. 
\jL^\mhJ1J>\ ^JT^^[^ ant-sant, f. pai tnership ; 

intrigue. /(. 

Ujo\ WddHI antna, n. to be contained, to be 

filled up (a well or tank, &c.). h. 

UjO I ^1^«!HI antna, a. to fill (a well or tank), 

to come or go into, to reach, h. 

\i\yj\ ^^^<4Tfn antrcdna, a. to make contain, 

to cram into, to cause to be filled, h. 
13^^-6^ 'SJTJJ^TRT anthlana, a. to twist, to 

writhe ; n. to swagger, to strut, to give one's self tdta* 
to walk affectedly, h. [lation. A 

jj^T ■ WH!<fi aitki, f. stone of fruit; coagu- 
J^^\ ^np^ dntha,t, f. a tick (the louse that 

"attacks dogs, &c.). *• 

^T wn^ dnfi, f. a handful; a bundle of 
'■ grass, &c. , a small faggot ; a skein of thread, a bank, k 

^ *'*•! * }• the two testicles, ears,&c, a 

^j^jujo^ unmyaini, \ 

J\ ^BRir anuj, younger, junior. «. 

la^ I an-jd, there, az dn-jd, thence, p. 

A:^\ anjdm, m. end, termination ; accident 

vexation ; in comp. ending, &c. p. 

Ulsi\ V«f'ii('l>n anjdmd, barren (land) in whick 

nothing will grow. h. [oondnde. ^ 

^,ijk/«lai^ anjdmldan, to terminate, to finish* 

^J^\ 'innrR an-jdn, unwitting, imintentional, 

unknowing, ignorant; m. a stranger, anj&n-h., tc 
assume the stranger, to pretend ignorance of a person 
or thing, s. 

Ki\:d\ ^^mriTT an-jdnd, unknown, a stranger 

igcnorant. an jane, ignorantly, unwittingly, k. 

^\jf\ an-jdni, f. ignorance, negligence, h. 

(^u^\ anja,t, a mongrel or hybrid animal, d. 

jUjfi anjabar or injibar, name of a plant 

from which a drink is prepared for obstinate colds, 
spitting of blood, &c. p. [honey, s. 

(ji:i^\ artjahin (Arabic form of angahm), 
\j:d\ anjara or injara, vo. a nettle, p. 
(jmsS\ ^HM^f or ^Rira an-jas, m. infamy, s. 
(J.^^ anjal, m. (v. ^)^^), two handfuls, &c. 
^J■ail W!T3T^ or ^?^3I^ ann-jal, m. victuals 

and drink ; Pers. db o ddna or db-ddna. t. 

'^^ '^^(JJI anjla, m. two handfuls, as much 

as can be held in both hands open ; the junction of 
the two hands to form the shape of a boat ; Scottice, 
a goupen. s. 

^^1 ^«T»lQn an-jala, unburnt, unscorched. s. 
jA^\ 'ST^f^ anjU f. (same as anjla), it also 

"denotes a mode of salutation by carrying the two 
hands joined (as above) to the forehead, s. 

jt:d\ anjum (pi. of ^). stars, constellations, a. 

(il»if\ injimad, m. state of congealing or 

congelation, a. 
^^y^^ anjuman, f. an assembly* meeting, 

company, banquet, p. 

^J:^ \ ^r^*f a.njan,\ m. a collyrium, an oint- 

;^d\ ^^tf anjafif J nient applied to the eye- 
lashes with a view to blacken and improve them. s. 
i^\ 'SSIPT anjan, m. a kind of grass, much 

used (in the upper provinces) as food for cattle. A. 

U^\ ^cnrinn an-jana, unborn ; m. an inferior 

kind of rice. h. 

'U*i 1 'WTWTT dnjna, a. to tinge the eyes with 

anjan. s. 

\jjti\ 'STSRT anjna, n. to be tinged with anjan; 

£ the mother of Hanuman ; a lizard, s. 

XM^j:d\ vy^fi^IK anjan-sdr, m. coUyriuui. s. 
liojff^ Ml^PHcfcl anjanika, f. a kind of newt 

or lizard, s. 

4_^\^l*i*\ V(^«1^lO anjanhdri, f. a stye (or 

■tithe) on the eyelids, h. 
^^\ 'srg ftO anjani, f. a woman perfumed 
" with sandal, &c. a medicinal plant used as a sedative 

and laxative. 

^s^l ^"^ anju \m. a tear j (see y>*>>\ 
•A^'1 WVfh. dnjhu, J dnsu). h. 
jXii\ "^t^fiX. anjlr, m. a fig. p. 
^yjjA\ inj'tl, m.the New Testament, Gospel, g. 

J\ ■m^ anch, f. heat, flame of a fire (not of 
a candle), glare, blaze ; (in Dakh,) ashes of cow-dung.ft. 
\^\ ir^ unchdf high, lofty (for wicha). h. 
[^\ nncha, to. the post for letters, a stage or 

station on the road. d. 

height. *. 

{ 65 ) 0^1 

(^^US^ "g^^TO unchds, forty-nine, s, 

Q_j*»l^\ ^^«n^ nuchas, f. height, elevation, h, 

j^lail unchdn, height, elevation, d. 

bl^\ T^T«TT unchdna, a. to raise, to take up. s. 

J \^\ 'g^^ unchdtu, m. 

iJL>jb[^\ ^T?7 unchdhat, f. 

jJU^l "gr^T^ unchd,i, f. 

«Jl/i&l^\ ^H-^ll^d an-chdhat, not desired, s. 

lIa^i ^fff^iT an-chit, unaware, suddenj adv. 

suddenly, h. png s 

dA|2^ ^TtTf^TT an-uchit, imprope., unbecom- 

j^\ ^Tf-qi. anuchar, m. a companion, a fol- 
lower, an attendant, anuchari, f. a female companion, s. 

j^\ ^^hrtdnchar, 1 m. the hem of a cloak 
\j^^ ^'^(TJ anchrd, J or veil ; a border at 

the end of a veil, shawl, &c. s, 

^y^\ ^^^ anchal, 1 m. breast (of a woman 

iJ^l ''^fj^^ dnchal, J or lactescent animal); 
the hem of a cloak or veil ; a border of a veil or shawl, s. 

y'^\ ^I^q5T cinchld, ra. the hem of a cloak, 

&c., a sheet, used among Jogis s. 

^jUa4l an-cAw»-aw, even as, just as. p. 
J0j^\ ^xjhI^ nnrh-ntch, ups and downs of 

life, vicissitude, high and low, particulars, s. 
%^\ ^r^ dnchu, m. the raspberry, kdld dnchu, 

the hill bramble, h. 

s^\ dn-chi, that which, whatsoever, p. 
\^^\ ^sf^^ar an-ichchhd, f. indifi^erence, ab- 

sense of desire. «. 

^Lj^ \ ^HtSlc^l an-chhtld, unlicked, rude ; 

impared (as fruit, &c.). h. 

^J-^ ^J*** lJ>^^ unchi sirhi charhnd, to 
to mount a high ladder, i.e. to obtain a high rank, d, 

Iju^l anchend, m. valuation or estimate of 
growing crops : it is also called kan-kut, q. v. d. 

( i\j^\ inhirdf (in Dakh. also inhirdfi), de- 
flection, inversion, change ; met. to prove a turncoat ; 
recantation, deviation from* the meridian, chiefly ap- 
plied to the bearing of the temple of Mecca ; declina- 
tion of a heavenly body ; a disease, defect, distemper, a. 

jLio^^ inhisdr, m. surrounding, encircling, a. 
I j\ii^\ inkkifdf, m. levity, lightness, a, 

^Jji»-\,^\ anddkhtan (r. anddz), to cast, to 

throw down. p. 
Ijk>-\j3\ anddkhta, cast away, thrown, p. 
J^^\ anddr, a narrative, story, tale, fiction, p. 
\j^^\ ^»^RT inddrd, ra. a large well built of 

lolid masonry. 


OJt 66 

j\s>\ andaz, \ m. valuation, guess ; weigh- 

1ij\s>\ anddzaj ing, measurement; time 
in music; mode, manner; (in comp.) throwing, as 
bark-andaz, a thrower of lightning, a matchlockman. 
anddz-pattl, f. an estimate of the value of a growing 
crop. p. 

JtiJ\ andam, m. body, stature, figure, an- 

^ dami-nihani, pudendum mulieris. p. 

j^\ andar, within, inside, inwardly, p. 

ji^\ ^ indra, m. the king of the Devatas, 
the regent of the visible heaven; the thunderer. 
indra-awadashi, the )2th day of the month Bhadra, 
a festival in honour of Indra. t. 

jjjl ^f«T5r a-nidr, awake, sleepless, s. 
\,S>\ indira, f. the goddess of wealth, s. 
-.\jii3\ indiraj, m. becoming extinct(a family) ; 

being folded together, insertion, a. 

^^ys>\ ^^lfl«l indrasan, m. the throne of 

Indra. s. 

|i\jii3^ ^•^liUl or i^^'Ml indrarii, f. the wife 

" of Indra; the name of a medicine or plant (Vitex ne- 
gundo). s. 

IDjIj'^ iwrfrawaw (v. indrayan). d. 
^V^iJl ^^NIO indrayan^ f. colocynth, wild 

gourd ; a fruit of beautiful appearance, but bitter taste 
{Cucumls colocynihis) : hence a beautiful but worthless 
person is called indrayan ka phal, the fruit of in- 
drayan. s. 

•JbiVjujJl ^I'^Hv ii^dra-hadhu, f. name of an 
insect (a species of acarus, of a scarlet colour like vel- 
vet) ; the wife of Indra. s. 

^Lt*j>,S^\ i^l^m^ indra-prastha, one of the 

names of ancient Dihii. a. 

^jj>,,^\ ^f^liir^m indra-prohita, f. the 

asterism Pustiya. s. [dra. t, 

cf^J*^^ f'^ISO indra-puri, f. the city of In- 
Jl>-jiio\ ^•^»fI55 indra-jal, m. deception, 

cheating, juggling : trick or stratagem in war. in- 
drajali, m. a conjuror, juggler; adj. deceptive, \m- 
resd. s. 

y>jiiO^ ^»^*|'<4 or •^•^iTt indra-jau, m. name 
of a medicinal seed that grows on the plant kara,ijd. 
q. v. ; {Sparrow's tongue, Nerium antidysentericum). s. 

J.iiJl andaraz, m. last will ; last advice, pre- 
cepts, or admonitions, p. 
U*>,ii31 VH^^I an-darsa, m, a kind of fried 

■weetmeats, a kind of clotk (see adarsd). h. 

^_3>J^;^il ^•^•iTcjJ indra-nil, m. a sapphire, s. 

cilLJ,jj\ ^'^r'ft^^ ^ndra-ntlak, m. an 

emerald. $. 
.\j jijj^ andarwdr (for andarun) within, d. 
^^j .lijl andarun, within, inner apartments, 

interior, p. 

jfja.^l andaruna, internal, relating to the in- 
side, p. 
j3ji.ii3\ andaruni, internal, intrinsic, p. 


i^j*^^ ^^ indrtf \ f. the senses (internal 
t/;iio^ ^f^ indriya, J and external), organs 
of action and perception (those of action are the hand, 
the foot, the voice, the organ of generation and the 
organ of excretion; those of perception, the mind, the 
eye, the ear, the nose, the tongue, and the skin) ; 
the privities, membrum virile, veretrum animalium. 
indrl julldb, a diuretic medicine, indriya-gyan, m. the 
faculty of perception, sense, consciousness, s. 

\^,dJ\ ^^^ indu-rekha, f. a digit of the 

moon. s. 

e}is>\ indifd', m. warding off, repelling, a. 

Qi}s>\ andak, little, small, few. andakl, f. a 
small portion or number, p. 

j\^iV\ andakar, m. "1 darkness, obscurity ; 
(^ji^\ andakdrl, f. J adj. dark. d. 
^JJ\ undid (for andhld q. v.), blind, dark. d. 
JUiiJl indimdl, m. recovering, getting well 

of a wound, a. 

^j^ JJ\ ^gf^»T anudin, every day, daily, s. 

jS>\ -Wr^ dndu, m. the chain or rope with 

which the feet of elephants are tied up. «. 
jljciJi ^^^TT: induwdr, m. the day of the 

moon, Monday, s. 

iu»-jiijl andokhta, acquired, gained; m. 

gain, acquisition, p. [crusted, p. 

iijiiJ\ andud (in comp.), besmeared, en- 
jjiij) ^»^«l indur, m. a rat, mouse, s. 
Jjjjl andoz, in comp. gaining, acquiring, p. 

\^^dJ>\ M|'«f<ft<^«11 andolnd, n. to swing, s. 

i^^\ andoh, m. grief, anxiety, trouble; an- 

doh-gin, full of grief, sad, afflicted, p. 

Jbi^\ ^5^ andh, m. darkness ; adj. blind. 
andh-tamas, m. great darkness, s. 

UfciiJ) ^VT andhd, adj. blind, dark, andhd 
dhund, blind, blindly, andhd dhund rona, to weep ex- 
cessively, andhd dhund lutdnd, to squander, spend 
extravagantly, andhd ku,d or andhd-kup, m. a well 
filled up with rubbish, andhd-kharch (Dakh.), prodi- 
gality, extravagance, s. 

\j\lbs>\ andhdrd, dark, obscure, d. 
^JJ\^^\ andhdi'i, f. darkness, obscurity, 
cloudiness ; a blind over a horse's eyes. d. 

\jji^j\ ^Ann andhatd, f. blindness. «. 
LiitojJ\ ^r^^W andhak, m. a blind man ; a 

man's name ; adj. blind, s. 

Mjt>Si\ 'cKnUR andhahdr, m. darkness, s. 
^\ifcjjl andhakdrd, m.1 darkness, obscurity, 
^jJist>Si\ andhakdri, f.J cloudiness, s. 

'^>y>\ ^mcj H andhld (see U^xil andhd), 
blind, s. 

^.^I^iijl ^^(^lUH andhldpan, m. blind- 
ness ; intellectual blindntis ; acting as if one were 
blind, h. 



^iiJ^ ^VT indhan, m. fire-wood. s. 

jSi^^\ 'gr^V^ an-dhan, m. wealth, both in 

grain and coin, properly anna-dhan. s. 

>,^Si\ ^^Vf^an-f/Aoya,unwashed,unclean. s. 
>jj| andhi, f. storm, hurricane, tempest; a 

darkening or louring of the sky. andhi-h., to en- 
gage keenly in a had action, li. [darkness. *. 

i^ljijfc^^ ^f^^rmn andhiyara, blind, dark; m. 
^tXi^ ^T andher, m. darkness, misfortune, 

calamity, injustice, tumult, andher-k., to tyrannize, 
oppress, h. 

\jiJbSi\ ^>rCT andhera, dark; ra. darkness. 

(See andhiyara). andheri-kofhrt, f. dark room ; the 
belly ; the womb. h. 

/jJbiiJ\ K'^^ andheri, f. darkness, a blind 

for a horse, s, 

■j^<^\ ^»TVl«f an-adhm, independent, s. 

^j£j,;iJl andesh, thinking, contriving; used 

in corap. as bad-andesh q. v. p. 
.±}\ ;^^vs.M andesh-nak or andesh-mandj 

thoughtful, anxious, p. [anxiety, p. 

^\S^^Si\ andeshnaki or andesh-mandl, f. 

A-iJiiJl andesha, m. thought, meditation, sus- 
picion, care, concern, afidesha-k., to reflect, to hesi- 
tate, to fear. p. 

,^sJL}^S^\ aiidesha-mandf full of anxiety, p. 

(_^Jai«&^j^\ andesha-mandi, anxiousness, 
" concern, p. 
^i^jl1ji,jJ\ andeshidaii, to consider to reflect, p. 

l4So,<^3l Wtf^^T an-dekha, not yet seen, undis- 
covered, invisible, h. 
AJl ^TP and (vulgarly <53| and or anr), m. 

Pal ma Christi {Ricinus vulgaris), h. 

3j\ 'snp and, m. an egg ; a testicle, and-kos 

or aitd-kosh, a hernia or rupture, t. 

(!Jj I ^np or wni? and or anff in. a testicle, 

the scrotum ; semen genitale. s. 

\<ij>\ ^StJ^ anda (also anda), m. an egg. s. 

-.43J\ ^?PEl| andaj (lit. egg-born), oviparous, 

a bird. ». 
I?<i3\ andra or dndra, m. an egg. <i. 

©331 'miiohl andka, m. an egg; also used for 

akha, a pannier, or rather one of the bags forming 
a pannier, h. 

^l^'Si\ ^RRcfit^ and-kosh, m. the scrotum, 

the testicles ; rupture, hernia, s. 
U)<!JJ^ undalna, a. to pour out water, &c. d. 

U3<i3\ andalna, to consider, to determine or 

settle, d. 
•3Jl wnp andu, having large testicles, dndu 

bail, a bull. In Dakhant it is said to mean a bull with 
one testicle, s. 

\jij\ ^^^T induyd, m. a head cushion for 

carrying a burden on. h. 

67 ) ^^\ 

(^lj3J) andma,t, f. a swelled testicle, d. 

j^j3j\ ^<js^ induyi, f. a head or crown orna- 
ment ; also a cushion, v. indu.a. h. 

UxJu>rt(_^3o\an(Ze-se^w5, to bring forth young; 

to keep one's own house, ande men ki zardi, applied 
to one who is raw and inexperienced, d. 

J^,3ol ^H^^ andely oviparous; pregnant 
(bird), h. 

Ub<!k3\ ■3^q5»TT undelnd, a. to pour water, h. 

\iidi\ji\ ^TrVT anuradhdy f. the 17th lunar 

mansion, designated by a row of oblations; stars in 
Libra, s. 

kU'\jiJ\ ^■HTTT anurag, m. affection, love. s. 

U^Kil ^Wi.|iHI anurdgna, n. to be in love 

with. s. [loving, caressing, i. 

l/Ixj^ ^r^jft anurdgi, making friendship, 

^y>\ ^r*T^ an-arth, unmeaning, fruitless, ab- 
surd, improper, s. [restrained s, 
> Jjj\ ^'T^ a-niruddha, unobstructed, un- 

(j**p\ ^»TT!'ff an-ras, m. want of flavour or 

enjoyment ; disgust, nauseousness ; coolnesa distaste, 
misunderstanding between friends, s. 

^j*i;^ji '«J^<^ ann-ras, m. chyle, s. 
jj-ol ^f«T^^ a-ninnal, dirty, foul. s. 
j_^\ ^tT'§^ a-nirnay, m. uncertainty. «. 
^iy^ ^H^ift an-rini, unindebted, s. 
cL;>i)yl ^»r^tf aw«?*7/^, like, conformable; m. 

conformity, s. 

,il»-jj\ ^ff^^xitO^i a-nirvachaniya,^ not fit 
,jL».j il 'Srf^rt^ a-nirvachya, J to be 

spoken, indefinable, s. [ness. «. 

„ft>4ijiJ] ^»rctV anurodh, m. service, obliging- 

C^.y\ ^«tOh an-rlt, f. unmannerliness, ill- 
behaviour, s. 
J>\ ^(U^ dnr, m. a testicle (v. and), 

J\p\ inzdl, m. emission, sending down; 

emissio seminis. a. 
C0>jj\i\ anzarut, m. sarcocoUa; (gum-resin, 

said to be from Penaa mucronata). a. p. 
\jjil inziwd, retiring into a corner or cell (a 

reclnse). a. [thing. A. 

jj«3 1 miJt dns, f. the fibrous part of any 
^Ju^\ ins, men, mankind, the human race, a, 

i^juj\ uns, m. friendship, love, affection, so- 
ciety, companionship, a. 
(j«o\ ^ra am or W^l ansh, m. a part, division, 

share, right, possession ; a degree of a circle ; a frac- 
tion, the immerator of a fraction ; essence. ansa- 
patra, a deed setting forth the shares of a property 
between the members of a Hindu family. ansa-Aari, 
m. one who takes a share of an estate ; a co-heir or 

joint sharer, &c. *. 


lH' ( 

t-^LJ^ ansdb (pi. of c_>m3), generations, 

families, a. 

X»3\ ^«TUR unusar, alike, according to ; 

m. conformity to usage, anusari, adj. following, ac- 
cording with or to. «. 

j^L«3\ insan, m. man, mankind, a. 

#t«jU<*>l ^^^ ansans or anshansha, m. a sub- 
division, a share of a share, s, 
^l--ol imam, of or belonging to humanity, 

" peculiar to man, human, a. 

iJlAjjL-j\ msariiyat, f. humanity, human 

kindness; affability, a. 

e^u*<3\ ansah, advisable, most proper, a. 
^_r^ M anasat, f. intimacy, use, cheerfulness. a. 
,^jLm3I 4HU7 unsath, fifty-nine. «. 
4c,lfc(>(j«3\ '^^(MIlH ansdhari, successful ; (in 

theology) incarnating. «. 

U;— j\ ^^^^tTT anusarna, n. to follow a per- 
son, to follow on some previous circumstance, s. 
i^M.A ^pRcti aiisik, a partner ; a proprietor, s. 

•^x-J) ^nrftra fln-siM,unlearned,un taught, s. 
A^ss?***^ '?r^T?R«fiJ an-sa»y7<a,notunderstood.^. 
U«o\ W»T^^ nn-suna, unheard,disregarded. h. 
^j\j&4iJk-«j\w^^nW»T anmandhan, m. inquiry, 

investigation. «. 

\j^J>^J^\ ^^W^'^x:*nanmnl-k., a. to pretend 

not to hear what is spoken ; to disregard. A. 

yu^\ wf^ arixu, m. a tear, arisu bhar-land, 

to have the eyes filled with tears. *. 
j\y^] SB^yK nnuswara, m. the nasal dot or 

character in Devanagari. s. 

6^\y^\ ^TRTO: anxwama, m. a measure 
of land, twenty of which make a pilwaAsa. h. 

(i^JLH' *^ ojinn, m. men and spirits, a. 

j_^»*>\ "^^ or ^T^ flwsl or anshi, a partner, 

" sharer, co-heir, s, [taught, s. 

\^ \\ . M . '> \ ^"if^iwt an-sikha, uninstructed, un- 

ljpu«Oi unsiyain (for unsiyaini), the two 
testicles, a. 

\J^\ insha, writing, composition, elegance of 
style, the belles lettres. insha-parddzi, f. writing, let- 
ter-writing, a. 

^\jC^\ \^\ in-sha aUahu tadla, if God the 

" most High willeth ; Deo volente. a. 


1^jI^\ ^ffffOT an-ishthd, f. unstedfastness, un- 
fteadiness. s. [forbidden. *. 

JbiXiL)^ 'srftTf'Tir an-ishiddha, unprohibited, un- 

j\toJ>\ ansar (pi. of^^U), assistants, friends 

(of Muhammad), applied to the inhabitants of Medina 
who <irst embraced the Islam religion, a. 

j^jLa^^ ansdri, a tribe of Muhammadan 

5'/jaiir/(j,tuppoaed to have come originsilly fromMediua. a. 

68 ) • uilSI 

( 9\tekA insqf, m. decision (of a cause); equity, 

justice, insaf-ialab, one who seeks for justice, a. 

^L«£o\ insirdm, m. completion, end. a. 
■UU-oJ^ inzibdt, f. being bound or determined, 

restraint; self-controL a. [printed, a, 

eUla;\ intiba, being impressed or stamped, 

j\jai\ anzar (pi. of ia;), looks, eyes. a. 
^lx>\ in dm, m. a present, a gift, indm-i- 

ikrdm, an honourable gfift. in'am-ka-paisd, prize money. 
in'dml altamghja, a grant under the royal seal, in'dmi 
Jcdnungo, an assignment of rent-free land to a village* 
accountant, an'dm, gifts, a. 

iJ!^kk\j6\ indmat, f. a gift, a benefaction; an 
assignment of rent-free land. a. 

(^_j*» Ouol inikds, m. being turned upside down ; 

reflexion (from a mirror),repercu8sion,reverberation.a. 

j\s6\ anfdr (pi. of Jo), individuals, persons, 
soldiers, servants, a. [rits. a. 

(^j*)\s6\ anfds (pi. of (j«i>), breathings, spi- 

aac^ anfkha, m. rennet, leaven; a substance 
tending to produce fermentation ; a term in medicine. 
(The word is apparently a corruption of tlie Arable 
in/a^). d. 

^}\,taSo\ infisdl, m. decision, termination (of a 

cause) ; division, separation, settling, infifal-lc., to 
settle, to decide (corruptly infisdll). a. 

lJUa>^ injidl, m. shame,confusion, modesty, a. 
{^\jstj\ inkibdz,m. detention, constipation, a. 
(•L-S31 inkisdm, m. division, dividing, a. 

IdoiDI inkizd, m. the expiration of any term; 
adj. elapsed, ended, fulfilled, accomplished, finished, 
completed, a. 

eUaflS^ inhita', m. being broken, cut off, cessa- 
tion, failure, separation, adjustment, a. 

i^'^^\ inhildb, m. revolution, vicissitude, 

alteration, change, inversion, transposition, a. 
iilxa>\ inkiydd, in. fidelity, submission, obe- 
dience, compliance a. 
i-dijl ^tsF dnh, 1 m.aletterofthealpha- 

^.ib\ W^ or '^izir ank,) hex; a figure, a num- 
ber (in contradistinction to sun or sunna, a dot or 
cypher) ; the stamp on coins, plate, &c. ank-kdr, m. an 
assayer ; a mark (on cloth, pointing out the price) ; the 
flank or part above the hip ; embrace, the bosom ; (for 
ang) a share, portion, dnk-ddr, a sharer. ». 

dJbl dnak, m. a kettle-drum, a kind of large 
drum beaten only at one end. s. 

j^\ inkdr, denial, refusal, disavowal, a. 
^^\ ^HWRT ankdnd, a. to cause to value, 

to prize, to examine (as cloth), to approve of. t. 


^iiJuio I ^i#<f^ dnk-bandi, f. an adjustment 
of rents, h. 

C^^ ^fiRiT ankit, marked, spotted, paged, 

counted. «. 


C^^\ ^^I^ an-uktf not told j m. a trope, s. 
U*j\ ankattd,^m. a bank, a prop or support, 

&jSo\ anhata, J a dam or embankment in a 
river ; a lock. d. 

\ ankar, more or most wicked, very offen- 
sive, displeasing or detestable, a. 

j*S\ ^nwi. ankar (for akar)y baving come. s. 

^i\ ^^ ankur, "j m. the first sprout from 

jf^\ ^fTT ankurd,) a seed (after planting), 

a shoot, a plaatlet, a germ. *. 

p>J^ ^Taw anukram, m. order, method, suc- 
cession, series, s. 

iSj>^^ ^^^ ank?'i, f. a kind of vetch {Vicia 
sativa) ; wet grain ; a young sprout, s. 

i^J*^^ W^rrJt ankrt,^ f, (also ankfi), the 
(^*j| NHicnsI dnkrij barb, of an arrow; 

a circle, a hook, tenter, catch ; a tendril, a dxrhus ; 
a fishing-hook, h. 


(^j«X>t an-kas, that person, whosoever, &c. p. 
jjmXjI ^VoR^, VM4HI, ^cs^ dnkas, ankas, or 

aiikus, m. the iron with which elephants are driven, 
a goad, ankus mama, to bring to obedience, to reduce 
to submission. Some European writers (probably the 
King of Oude's cockney barber) have corrupted the 
word into "hawkuss" or "horkuss," vid. Lib. of Enter- 
taining Knowledge, vol. The Elephant, p. 15. a 

.L»*>j\ inkisdr (corruptly inkiadrt), ra. being 
routed, humility, want of courage, despondency, a. 

(_il— X)^ inkisqf, m . being eclipsed (the sun), a. 
(_iViA;\ inkishaf, detection, disclosure, a. 
^^«-x)\ ^^*i\ or '^«|i<j1 anksi or ankusi, f. a 

** hook, a tenter, s. 

(j^^ ^W5I '^^ ^NJ^^I ankvsh or dnkush, same 

as ankas, an elephant's goad. t. 

(.dlx)^ ^efioR anhakf m. an accountant, arith- 
metician. (. 

\xS^\ ^t^3Bf^\ anukampd, f. tenderness, pity. s. 

Uxi\ ^oRtTT anknd, n. to be valued, prized, 

examined, approved of; a. to mark, page a book, dis- 
tinguish a tMng by some mark. s. 

Uklit 'St«RT dnknd, a. to mark, to page, to 
write numbers ; to value, to examine, to approve of. s. 

.^^\ ^«h<jll. ankrvdr, f. an embrace, the 
bosom, ankwar bharnd, to embrace, t. 

^^1^ ^B[^^[3 nniw-lmt, m. a festival cele- 

brated by Hindus on the day foUovring the Dew&ll, 
by offering a large quantity of meats to the god. *. 

bSj tib\ W^f^ITT anka-vidydf f. arithmetic. «. 
, Sj\ ^5^ ankui; '] 
j^ioi Vi^VI ankura,) 

sprout, s. 

]j^^ ^nkorof m. a large hook, a kind of 
grapnel, d, 

{jys)\ WffW^ anukul, coinciding, favourable, 

conformable, acting in concert with, anukulaid, f. coin- 
cidence, concert, concord, dnukiilya, m. assistance, 
patronage, s. 

iO^I dn-ki, he or she who, that which, p. 
.^^ \ ^^ diikh, f. the eye. dnkh-avjam, f. a 

stye on the eyelids, dnkh ani, to have au inilammatioa 
of the eyes, to be blear-eyed, dnkh bachdnd, to steal 
away privately and unseen, ankh badalnd, to withdraw 
one's favour or affection from any one. dnkh bardbar 
na kar saknd, (not to be able to look stedfastly in an- 
other's face), to be ashamed, dnkh band kar lent, to 
turn from another, to treat one with neglect ; to die. 
ankh bharke dekhnd, to look till one's curiosity is fully 
satisfied, ankh bhar land, to have eyes full of tears, to 
be ready to cry. dnkh pasdrnd, (obsolete) to open one's 
eyes, to stare, to be wise and prudent, to discriminate, 
to discern, to be judicious, dnkh pathram. (from pat- 
thar, a stone), to become dim (the eyes) from long ex- 
pectation, dnkh pharaknl, to feel a pulsation in the eye, 
considered as an omen of some desirable event, as the 
meeting of friends, is meA ddhni dnkhjonplmrkl, dil men 
shad hu,d ki yih shugun achchhd hai. On this, feeling a 
pulsation in the right eye, he (RajaDushmanta) rejoiced 
in his heart, conceiving it to be a favourable omen. 
Sakuntald Ndtak : (a pulsation in the right eye of a 
man, or the left of a woman, is a favourable omen, the 
reverse disastrous), ankh phutni, to be blind, dnkh 
ph&ii, pir ga,t, the eye is lost, and the pain is gone 
(spoken of a contention, which has ceased by the object 
of it being lost to both parties), dnkh-phofd, m. a 
midge, that flies into the eyes at night, dnkh phorni, 
to make blind ; to expect or watch in vain, dnkk 
phernt, to shew aversion after friendship (see ditkh 
mornt). dnkh pher lend, to turn away the eyes (as from 
grief, di.spleasiire, 8m:.). dnkh phaildnd (see dnkh pa- 
sdrnd). dnkh fhandl karni, to have consolation by 
meeting friends, to be glad, dnkh jornt, to look sted- 
fastly (inelegant), dnkh jhapaknd, (to have eyelids 
joined, to move them quickly), to fear, dnkh churdnl, 
(to steal eyes), not to attend to, to avert eyes through 
shame, dislike, &c., to avoid the sight of any one. dnkh. 
chafhdm, to be angry ; to be intoxicated, dnkh charhnd, 
to have eyes marked by debauch, dnkh chamkdnt, to 
make the eyes dance (to roll one's eyes) in anger, or 
as a blandishment, dnkh chhipdnl {to hide one's eyes) 
to be ashamed of an improper act. dnkh chtr chn 
dekhnd, and dnkh chirke dekhnd, to look with great at- 
tention and deep meditation ; with anger, dnkh ddbni, 
(to shut one's eyes), to I'orbid by signs, dnkh dikhdnt 
OT dikhldnl, (to shew one's eyes), to frighten, to restrain, 
to brow-beat, dnkh dekhJce kuchlt kanid, to do any 
thing after consulting the inclination of another, dnkh 
dabdabdnl, to iill the eyes with tears, dnkh dhaknl, 
(obsolete, to have eyes shut) ; to die ; to be ashamed. 
dnkh rdkhnl, to love, to entertain friendship ; to have 
hope ; to discern, dnkh surkh karni, to be angry, dnkh 
SB dekhke kuchh-k., to do any thing knowingly and with 
reflection, dnkh se girnd (to fall from eyes), to become 
contemptible, dnkh senkni, to contemplate the beauty 
of any one. dnkh kisi se roshan-k., (to obtain a look 
from any one), to meet (visit) a friend or person of rank. 
ankh kist kl dekhni (to look at one's eyes), to receive 
education in any one's company, dnkh khataknl, to have 
pain in the eyes, dnkh kholnd (see dnkh pasdrnd). dnkh 
garm karni (see dnkh senkni). dnkh ghuraknd, to look 
at with anger, dnkh lafdnl, to wink as a hint, to com- 
municate a secret by signs, ankh larnl, to encounter 
the eyes of another ; to meet vtith one's lover unex- 
pectedly, dnkh lagdni, to contract friendship or affec- 
tion for any one, to fall in love, dnkh mdrnt, to wink ; 
to stop any one by a sign ; to make amorous signs with 
the eyes, dnkh michawwal, m. dnkh michauli, f. blind- 
man's buff(Fers. sarmdmak). dnkh ^nzVanZ (to exchange 
looks), to contract friendship, dr'th milnl, to look 


( 70 ) 


rtedfastly. dnkh minch jana, to die, to perish, ankh 
morni (see dnkh pherni). ankh mundke ek chlz ka ikh- 
tiyar-k., to choose or accept precipitately or inconsis- 
tently, dnkh mundnl (see ankh band kar lent), ankh 
mundaura, m. biindman s buff, ankh na rakhni (not to 
have eyes, not to look) to have no hope or expectation ; 
to be mentally blind, ankh nam karnd (see dnkh bhar 
land), to have the eyes full of tears. dnkhoA par baithna 
(to sit on eyes), to be beloved, to sit or cause to sit on 
a very elevated place ; to become dignified. dnkhoA 
ka euldbl karnd (to have the redness of the eyes), is 
applied to a look of intoxication or wantonness. dnkhoA 
meA and, to intoxicate (applied especially to wine). 
dnkhon men phirnd, to be always present in one's eyes, 
to be ever in one's mind, dnkhon men pen lend, to be 
at ease, secure, &c. dnkhoA men charbi chhdnd, to be 
wilfully blind, to pretend from pride not to know one's 
old acquaintance. dnkhoA rmA kbak ddlnd (lit. to throw 
dust in one's eyes) ; to commend or puff wares of an 
inferior quality ; to pilfer or snatch away any thing 
quickly and privately. dnkhoA meA khuraknd, to be 
seen with envy and dislike. dnkhoA meA ghar karnd, 
to be beloved or esteemed ; to persist in one's own 
erroneous opinions. dnkhoA meA rat kdtnd or lejdnd, to 
pass the night awake, dnkhen-wdld, m. (lit. " a man 
with eyes "), a spy, an inspector, one of the secret po- 
lice, dnkhen dekhnd, to study one's temper or inclina- 
tion ; to behave respectfully towards another. dnkheA 
mil pili karni, to change the colour of the face from 
excess of anger, s. 



)\ an-khdi, m. dislike, aversion 

JV^) ^fj4?ii(j» anukhal, m. a creek, s. 

\i\^\ ^^nOTfTT or vsiljin i ankhana, n. to be 
angry or displeased, to be peevish or fretful, h. 

Jv^x>l ^i<<ri;3i ankha,u, m. valuation (by the 

eye without measurement) of a growing crop, s. 

f. the eye, a glance 

of the eye. s 

[lars or beams, d. 

sSj^^ ^T^3^ ankhfi, 
u^x>l ^r45im ankhiya, 
j^^x)\ anhhan, m. the space between two pil- 
^^u^x>^ viOs^'llf ankhiyan, f. the eyes, amo- 
rous glances, s. 

KtJ^\ ^T aiig, a demand on each head of 

cattle for pasture, an agistment, h. 
i±Xj| 'Snu ang,\ai. the body, a limb, ang 

*L^\ "^^ anga,} ho lagna, to be firm or 
confirmed ; to have effect ; a member, portion, anga- 
nydsa, act of touching different parts of the body as a 
religious exercise, a. 

i.L>^\ ^«5'l anug or anuga, m. a follower, a 

servant ; adj. following, succeeding, s. 
tC^ ^npT angd, m. a coat or upper-garment, 

a long tunic worn alike by the Hindus and Musal- 

mans : the former tie it on the left, the latter on the 

right breast. $. 

S'i\ ^5pT angd, f. a nurse, a maid whose busi- 
ness it is to hold, watch, and amuse a child, h. 

ra. embers, sparks ; 

wrath, rage; a fire- 
brand, fire, a spark, a bit of fire, angdr or angdroA 
par lotnd, to be highly enraged, particularly from jea- 
lousy, angdr kd klfd, m. a salamander, h. 

jLCl ^'^rfc angdri, f. a small fire-pan. s. 

^fj\ ^]fR angdr, 1 
\}X!>\ ^S^TTT angdr'a, j 

^^i^JXi\ angdridan,'] to reckon, compute 

^^L*>lwi angdshtan, J suppose, imagine, p 

^lul ^T^JTT'ft anugdml, following, conse- 
"quent upon, devoted to, imitating, s. 

(^X!>1 angabin, m. honey (Arab. anjahtn).p. 

«JUx31 ^RTTf anugat, m. a follower, adj. 

gone after, dependent on, attached to. a. 
C^\ i^r^if ingitf m. hint, sign, gesture; 

motion ; inquiry, research. *. 

iOJXi\ angaddiya, m. a man who carries 
money or jewels concealed in his quilted clothes, h. 

L/j^>-i\ ^^O^ angra,i, f. yawning (v. a»- 

gra.t). h. 
^4^;^^ ^*i««IT angarkhd, m. a coat, gown, 

jacket, doublet, an upper garment, a. 
ij^\ ^«Jil^ anugrah, m. favour, kindness, 

indulgence, a. 
{Jj^>^ ^T^ anguri (same as anguU), f. a 

finger, a finger's breadth, a. [England, 

j^i)' angrez or ingrez (vulg. angrej, &c.), 

c^^^t angrezl, English, the English lan- 
guage (the term is of Portuguese origin). 
^^j^^^ -^ulisd ang7'ikhd, m. a vest, coat, &c. 

(v. angarkhd. s. 

\3\j^] W^^'Sl'^ a7igrdnd, n. to yawn, to stretch 

the limbs), to oscitate. h. 
iJiy^'A 41Jg>j|^ or "^^TJ^angrdft or angrd,t, f. 

stretching the limbs, yawning, &c. A. 

ij^\ W^PTS an-garh, \ unwrought, 

^*TJfdI an-gai 

formed ; anedu« 

cated, unlicked, unfinished, unset (as a ring or jewel). 
angafhi bdt, inconsistent or ill-arranged speech, h. 

iJL*J ^ i\ angiishf, f. a finger, angushti-hairat 

ddntoA meA rdkhnd, to bite the finger, or place it be- 
tween the teeth to express surprise, p. 

jj\jLiLC3\ angushidn, 'I m. a ring (particu- 

aJlJiuLw^ angushtdna,) larly the one worn on 

the thumb) ; a thimble, p. 

^JJxL^)i\ angushtart, f. a ring, particularly 

one worn on the finger, not applied to that on the 
thumb, p. 

v»)iJl*M.Gi angusht-numd, one who is pointed 

at, famous (in a good or bad sense, but in India most 
frequently in a bad one), notorious. ttttgusht-numd,i, 
act of pointing out with the finger, p. 

,^xlL. ^ \ ^iT^ angmhtha, m. the thumb, s. 

^y^>^ ^5P^ or ^Wq5 ungal or angul, m. the 
thumb, a finger, a. 

^jlJLJXSl inglisfdn or anglistdn, England, p. 

,^J-C3\ iMQsl, ^W^f ^^^ ungll, angli, or an- 

full, f a finger, a finger's breadth, pair kl itngli, a toe. 
. alarn ktungli, fore-finger, btch kl ungll, middle-finger. 
kan uiigll, little finger, ungll kd nok, tip of the finger. 
ungll kdtnd, to be astonished. *. 

^ykA ^T^JT aw/r/e^,f. appearance, jjerson. h. 


( 71 

,j.<jiG^ aw^rfo 01- inglls, English, the term 

is generally applied to an invalided soldier. 

Lg]f*t^T ^Tl^iTTt ang-marl, f. yawning, 

stretching the body (a dog, &c.). h. 
^jj^^ ^A n ^'^ anugaman, m. (the going after) 

applied to the ceremony of burning a Hindii widow 
who has heard of her husband's death when from 
home. s. 
^^\ ■g'l'fT ungan, m. dozing, drowsiness (from 
opium &c.) ; greasing a wheel to set it asleep, i.e. to 
prevent creaking, h. 

C^^T ^T^«T anganj\m, (also angna) a yard, 
\^\ ^3r^«lT angna, J area, court, inclosed 

space adjoining to a house. ». 

\si3\ ^^T^m an-gina, uncounted, number- 
less, angina makina, the eighth month of a woman's 
pregnancy, h. [(same as angan). s. 

4^*\lC\ <4(^«llf^ angna,t, f. a yard, area, &c. 
CaICI 'eiTtPmUrt or ^fTTTftsnr an-ginat or 

an-ganit, uncounted, beyond calculation, s. 

jJkxG\ 'Wrf'njnrt' an-gintl, uncounted, count- 

"less, numberless, s. 

^J^3l 4^M1 ungnl, f. drowsiness, &c. (v. 

"ungan). h. 

^\ angu, in front, before, preceding, d. 

j.1^3\ <«|^«fKI angwdra, the proprietor of a 

small portion of a village ; mutual aid in tillage, h. 
iJL>^i\ W^tZ angot, f. appearance, person 

(same as anget). h. 

\^^i\ W13T angutha, m. thumb, angutha 

dikhana, an attitude used by women in blandishment, 
as a token of prohibition, to brave, defy, &c. angutha 
chumna, to flatter, s. [the finger. $. 

^.^'»X3\ ■^ni^ angutht, f. a ring worn on 
\.^=^^\ W\\^\ angochha, m. a cloth which 

Hindus fasten round their waists when bathing, and 
afterwards wipe themselves with; a towel, a hand- 
kerchief, h. 

.^i\ angur, m. a grape; granulations in a 

healing sore, angur bannd or hond, to become sotmd 
and healthy (applied to a wound), p. 

\f^\ ^^O angora, m. a midge, a gnat. h. 

(jj^^ angurl, of or belonging to the grape. J9. 

e^K^^ ^irfCTl angauriya, m. a ploughman ; 
also, allowing the use of a plough instead of paying 
wages in money or kind. h. 

JJJ^3\ anguza, m. assafoetida. p. 

\C>^\ W^^ angaungd, perquisites from the 

threshing-floor to the Brahman, GurQ, &c. b. 
aJoT dn-gah (for dh-gdh) then, at that time. p. 
^'i\ ^Rtr an-agh, blameless, free from guilt. «. 

''Ufi>\ anghar, stupid, ignorant, emghar^pan, 
m. stupidity, d. 

^5* W3^ angt, corporeal, bodily. 8. 

) ^^ 

UCl wf^tn angiyciy f. m. bodice, stays, h* 

U£>\ ^TtT^rr anugya, f. order, command, s. 

cLaGi ^^ anget, f. appearance, person. A. 

jJutGl angeti, f. (v. ageti) a flower-pot. d. 

je^JU^3t ^^"3^ or ^jfld^ angethi or angltht, 
"t. a chafing-dish. h. 

^JSi^^\ angekhtan (r. angez,) to excite* stir 
up. p. 

iJiOl angez, exciting ; (used in comp.) as 
fitnorongez, strife-exciting, p. 

UjxOl angezna, a. to suffer, to experience, 

to bear, to excite, p. h. 
jOJt^M SSjJllcM*^ angikar, m. agreement, pro- 
mise, acquiescence, avowal, reception, accepting, 
agreeing to. angtkar-k., to accept, agree to. s. 

O^CM 'Sl^oBH' angikrit, agreed, promised. «. 
JJl 'flfHoS anil, f. wind, breath, air. s. 

^yi\ ^R^ anal, f. fire, a flame, a plant (^Plum- 
bago zeylaniea and rosed), s. 

U5l inna-md, for, surely not, only. a. 

l»31 ^ftpTT animd, m. a superhuman faculty; 
the subtle and invisible state, assumable by austere 
devotion, s. 

C^\ ^^*n^ww»mc?,m.madness, extravagance.*. 
\iK^\ ^«»n?[T unmddd, mad, insane, s. 

^J^^ ^r»WT»T anumdn, m. inference, logical 

conclusion, reasoning, s. 
^jjW>^ '<J»*iT«f unrndUf m. a measure of size or 

quantity. «. 
ufJo^vT WRTrftTsR dnumdnik, inferable, sub- 

ject to inference, probable, specious. *. 

a^^ ^'^^fi( anumati, f. order or command, 

consent, permission, t. 

CL^^ <J'f*1^ unmatt\ mad, insane, crazy j 

S^\ "^tH^ unmad, J drunk, lustful, furious; 
salacious, unmattata, f. insanity, intoxication, s. 

Mj^^ M^RUSt anumaran, m. dying with (a 
husband), or following iu death, applied to a Hindu 
widow. <. 

,^f^\ "^rttm unmukh, looking upwards. *. 
^^\ wftT^Janrnt'/, discordant,heterogeneous. j. 
M^\ vfUTH*! animan, m. the same as animd, 

^A^\ ^H^nn anmand, thoughtful, agitated, 
r^retting, sad, troubled in mind, sickly, dissatisfied, s, 
lLj\x^\ anmandt, doubt, perplexity, d, 
\j\l^\ anmandnd, a. to perplex, d. 
J^\ ^R»ft^ an-mol, invaluable, beyond 

price, t. 

^jijL»3\ T^'^ unmesh m. winking, twinkling 
of the eyelids, s. 


( 78 ) 


(Jj^i ^n^ an-nui, heterogeneous; dis- 
cordant, s, 

(^' ^ntTT anan, m. face, visage, moath. f. 

order, s. 

UoT WT^ awna (for ana), n. to come. s. 

wl ^^ a/ina, a. to bring, s. 

\i>\ ^TSri anna, a kind of male nurse, the nurse's 

husband, h. 

^j*t\^\ ^»l^re anannas, m. a pine-apple, h. 
j>*»UJ\ awannasi, made like a pine-apple, h. 
d.*JL>\ ^*l^ an-ant, adj. boundless, endless, 

eternal, infinite ; m. a name of the serpent that sup- 
ports the earth ; a name of the god Vishnu ; name of 
several plants ; a cord with fourteen knots, which the 
Hindus tie on their arm on the fourteenth day of 
Bhddon, Shuklpaksh, which is sacred to Vishnu, and 
called Anant Chaudas or Chaturdashl. anantata, f. 
eternity, anant-rdshi, f infinite quantity, anant-rup, 
multiform, anant-vdt, m. rigidity or paralysis of the 
muscles of the face and neck. t. 

euukJii) Wf^*^ nn-antyay infinite, endless ; m. in- 
finity, eternity, s. 

S^ 1 ^T»n5 anand (or anand), m. pleasure, 

delight ; ease, tranquillity, content { God, Supreme 
Spirit, anand-may, blissful, s, 

OtiJJl ^^f73[iT dnandit, overjoyed, de- 
lighted, s. 

lLjs^] ^fifft^ a-nindit, unreproachable. t. 
l^i^-^l ^TtT'^rfT anandatd, f. joy, delight, s. 

^6S>\ Ki\f{t^m*^ dnand-kand, source of joy; 
an epithet of Krishna, t. 

j_5'4iJ3| ^T^^f^ dnandi, delighted, rejoiced, s. 

{j^^ ^A^l an-ansa, m. one who has no share ; 
excluded from a share (of an inheritance) on account 
of some legal flaw. t. 

jiXi>l ^!SiPpian-ang, m. (literally, bodiless), the 
god Kama, the HindQ Cupid. $. 

fji\ ^nft annl, a female nurse, h. 

yl ^Wdnrv, m. the glutinous whitish matter 
or mucus voided by people afflicted with a tenesmus, s. 

y I ira[ anu or am, m. an atom ; adj. 
atomic, minute. *. 

)y \ 01 ^^1 nnuwd, m. the place where men stand 
■when throwing the boM, or water-bucket A. 

•^l^u' ^tJ^'^ anuvdd, m. repetition; answer, s. 

i^tily^ ^Hm<{l anuvddt, a defendant, oppo- 
nent, s. [splendour, a. 

j\^\ avn'dr (pi. ofjy ), lights, rays of light, 

Ojly^ ^f«T^ftff a-nivdrit, unchecked, un- 
opposed, s. 

Lw^yl 'd^T^ anrvdsd, old, stale, seasoned ; 

m. a handful of com or grass cut In reaping, h. 
U**»ly^ SH«ira*1T anwdsnd, a. to season (a new 

earthen vessel, by letting water remain in it some 

time), to rinse, k. 

ely^ anrvd' (pi. of *y)/ sorts, kinds, varie- 
ties ; adj. various, diverse, anwa^ o ahsSm, all sorts 
and kinds, a. 

t-ijy\ ^^ anup, incomparable, best, rare; 

m. a watery or moist soiL i. 
^^by) ^t^Mivf anupdn, m. a fluid vehicle 

wherewith to swallow medicine, t. 

Oy\ ^7^ anvit, connected with, possessed 

of, fraught with, t, 

iJL>^\ NHfjcfS anmat, m. a ring furnished with 
little balls, worn on the great toe. h. 

l^yl HiH^r anuthd, rare, wonderful, un- 
common, n. 

^\j&^y| "srtf^rVTvT an-avadhdUf careless, inat- 
tentive ; also an-ovadhanata, i. carelessness, inadver- 
tence, indifference, t, 

iy\ anrvar, splendid, shining, resplendent, a. 

(C,y\ anwari, name of a Persian poet. p. 

l^L*»y\ Wrfor^qt an-avasthd, unstable, un- 
steady; incontinent; f. instability, absence of fixed 
state; uncertainty; incontinence, t. 

yM^\ SNH^fll. a-navasar, busy, having no 

leisure ; inopportune ; m. want of leisure, unseaaon- 
ableness. s. 

^5 y ^ ^q^^, '^^fft^s^T anokhd or anaukhd, rare, 
wonderful, uncommon (generally applied to man), h, 

^}^'i\^^<^anwal,m. the after-birth,secundines. 
aAwal-ndl, the navel-string of a new-bom infant, h. 

^yT WWr^ dnwald, vn. a fruit so called, a 
kind of myrobalans {Phylianthus emblica). h. 

jl**»^y\ anoldsdr, m. a sort of brimstone so 

called, s. [new-bom infant. *. 

JlJjyT dnroal-ndl, m. the navel-string of a 

^jl«y\ anumdn (v. anumdix), inference, logi- 
cal conclusion, s. 
13yl ^rrftrTT- a-nond, without salt. *. 
aJl ana (v. and), the 16th part of a rupee, h, 

^\ '^*5 unh and ^J^ inh, oblique plural forms 

of the pronouns vmh and yih, (Vide Gram.) A. 

^J^\ ^^^ anvai, or anvaya, m. race, lineage ; 

interpretation; making out the natural order or con 
nexion of poetical style. $. 

,jLi,^\ ^P^^RSr anveshan, m. inquiry, re- 
search, investigation, s. [tive. c. 

jj;j,yl ^H^ anvesht, searching, inquisi- 
j\^\ unhdr (pi. ofj^), rivers, streamlets, a. 

X^\ TrfTC unhdr, f. mode, appearance; 
adj. like, similar. *. 

fj^\ "SlSfTtT anhdn, m. bathing, washing. A- 
\j\^\ ^^T»TT anhdndf a. to bathe, to wash, /u 
C^\ ^"Tfi^ an hit, unfriendly, hostile ; ho«- 
tility. u 


( 73 ) 


jv^^ 5^T^1T unhattar, sixfy-nine. h. 

j}<^^ inhiddm, m. perdition, act of abolish- 
ing, extermination, demolition, a. 

.\ClJ\ ^»n^R an-ahankar, m. absence of 
pride, humility, an-ahankari, humble. «. 

UL^\ '^v^'<(l«n anhwand, a. to wash, to 
bathe, to cause to be bathed or washed, s, 

i^^\ ^frf^f anihaun, aor. first pers. sing, of 
anna, to bring (obsolete form), h. 

.1^^^ ^?^t*?Tt an-honhar, hopeless, unpro- 
mising, improbable, h. 

13^\ -4i;^fil an-hond, impossible, not to be. h. 

^\ ^sftlT, ^nftff a7ii, dni, m. f., or^5#ani, f. the 

"point of a spear, or of an arrow, the stem or prow of 
a boat, &c. s. 

^\ ^S[^ anm, f. a nurse or female attendant 

" on a child, h. 

^^\x>\ ^rmma-ni/d,e or a-nydya,m. injustice, 
"outrage; a complaint of injustice, s. [lawless.*. 
t/ljo\ ^nm^ a-nydyi, unjust, unequitable, 
\jjwoJl ^ti|ii||T anya-purvd, f. a woman who 

has been previously married, a. 

tl*Jo\ ^S^H a-niti, f. injustice, impropriety, 

rudeness, impolicy, unmannerliness. i. 
Juol ^T^T^ anyatra, elsewhere. ». 

\4JuJ\ ^S^^ anyatha, otherwise, in a different 
manner ; inaccurately ; a4j. contrary, t. 

liijjl dffi<^ i untda, unshut (eye), sleepless; 

expanded (as a flower). ». 
jj\ anyar, very bright, most luminous, a. 

iy^\ '3'«0<l uriiSf nineteen, h. 

it«ji>) ants or anxs-jtiRs, m. a companion, a. 

^^mJo) anlmn, m. aniseed, g, 

tiJjo\ 'gl Vf cB a/i-eA, much, many, abundant. 

aneJc-dkar, multiform. a»cAr-rfip, multiform, of various 
kinds, of variable mind, anek-kdl, adv. a long time. 
anek gotra, one who is a member of more than one 
gotra, or family, anek-vidh, various, of many kinds, 
m different ways. s. 

jiSool VfT)foii«0 anlkint, f. an army ; a cer- 
tain force, one tenth of an akshauhinh t. 

yyojl ^.4|jft-4 anya-gotra, of another race or 
lineage, s. 

BJ^\ war anya, other, different, anya-janam, 
ra. another birth, regeneration, anya-manas, fickle, 
versatile, s. 

auj^l 'V>tn>^ anyonya, reciprocal, mutual, s. 

jUjoT ^HMK. dneydr, m. the time allotted 
for agricultural labour in the hot season, from sua- 
rise till noon. «. 

j\ au, conj. and (more com. aur). k. 
•\ (in Pers. and Dakh.) third pron. he, 
she, it; the vocative inteij. O I 

J ^T^ ava, a Sanskrit prefix denoting nega- 
tion, disrespect, or dispersion ; from, down from, oflf. #. 
Ij 1 ^'RT ciwd, m. a potter's kiln ; a furnace, h. 
ij\j\ ^"RTlft drvdtt, f. the coming of an army, 

"the approach of a friend ; the season in which mer- 
chandize is expected to arrive ; advance ; rumour, ti- 
dings, h. 

(_fU.!jI ^3n^l»n^ divd-jd,t, f. coming and 
going, intercourse, dancing attendance upon one. h. 

s^^j\ "STTR? a-vdchya, dumb, speechless, s. 
y>-)j\ awdkhir (pi. of ji-T), extremes, ends; 

the last ten days of a lunar month, a. 

^jblj\ awdddn (see dhdddn), dwelling, &c. d. 

j_^\ii\j^ mvdddni (v. j_^^«i^^) d. [crop. a. 
j^jl T^TC uwdr, ploughing up a standing 
j\j\ ^^R arvdrf f delay ; injustice,tyranny. s.p. 

efi»-.^j\ awdrija, 

&>-,^jT dwdrija, 

aij»-j\jl dwdrcha, 

fSj^j\ dwdragl, f. vagrancy, profligacy, p. 

ij\j[ drvdra, vagabond, wanderer, dwdra-h., 
n. to wander, to be distressed, to be oppressed, to be 
miserable, awdra-k., a. to harass, to expel, p. 

J^jT dwdz, f. sound, voice, report, fame, echo, 

a whisper, sentence, awdz-uthana, to raise the voice, 
to spread a report, dwdz' par kdn raklina, to hear, 
to listen, dwdz paj-nd, to be reported, dwdz baithnd, 
to be suppressed (the voice) from hoarseness or 
otherwise, dwdz-baithd, hoarse, p. 

\j\jT dwdzd, \ m. report, fame, rumour; con- 

m. a diary, a rough note- 
book or account-book. p. 

dzd, \ 

jjljT dwaza,) versation, loud talking, p. 

Ly>\\ ^FTRt dwds, m. a house, a habitation, s. 

\xm\^\ awdsit (pi. of ia*iO^)) middles, the pe- 
riod of a lunar month between the tenth and twentietU. 
days, a, [ley (v. supl. Gloss), h. 

^>*>L\ ^Hl^^ awdsi, unripe corn, chiefly bar- 
^A^UT ^^iWT awa<j'a?rtaTO,^m. coming and 
^j^ljT ^RTJT^»T dmdgavan, J going, trans- 
migration, s. 
Jljl ^RTq5 awdly m. an inclosed space formed 

by a cluster of peasants' houses, h. 

a\jT awam, m. loan, debt; colour, p. 
fj\^ dmdn (pi. of ^jT), times, seasons, a. 
j^^jT WNT5«f dwdhan, m. calling, summons, 

a respectful invitation, s. 

(_|\j\ ^^ awd,i, f. approach, advance; a 

"saddlecloth adorned with fringes, &c.; a kind of 
pickaxe, h. 

^/\j\ lS(m^d7vd,i, \ f. rumour, mention, 
^\ji VINIiH dtvdti, J tidings, report. /«. 


C 74 ) 


Jj.ljl ama,ll (pi, of Jj\), m. commence- 
ments, &c. ; the first ten days of a lunar month, which, 
consisting of thirty days nearly, is divided into three 
decades, 1st. awa,u, 2nd. awdsit, and 3rd. awajchir, a, 

^jibjl aubdsh, m. a rake, a dissolute fellow ; 

a mixed crowd of all nations and all sorts of people, 
but especially of the meanest ; the mob, the canaille. 
aubdsh-h., to become depraved or dissolute, aubashana, 
like a rake, dissolute, p. 

iJ^^y aubashi, m. rakishness, dissoluteness, 
"attending at games and spectacles, p. 
ljJbj\ ubdlnd, a. same as \j3b\ ubdlnd. d. 

«-iLOj^ "^fWHT or ^m ubat, aubat, impassable, 
steep, inaccessible, s. 

^j\ ubalna, same as Ub\ ubalna. d. 

<4^j\ ^W ubh, m. oppressive heat, languor 

brought on by the effect of heat. A. 
eu>-l^j\ wf^iTTiir a-vibhajya (in law lan- 
guage), indivisible (as property, etc.). s. 

cL*^j\ ^»T7 aubhat, steep, impassable, s. 

CIaX^jT ^wf^ drvbhakt, 1 f. a civil re- 

or drvbhakti, I ception or 

C*.^jT WRJntW or ^Tf^WJlfif J salutation, 

arvbhagat or dwbhagati, J welcome, 

courteousness, h. 

vi^j* '3IH«n ubhnd, n. to be agitated or op- 
pressed with heat ; to be angry or dissatisfied, h. 

u-»j\ ^ft'? op, f. ornament, beauty, elegance, 
grace, brightness, polish, h, [upafna). d. 

ujbj\ upatnd, n. to exceed, &c. (same as UubJ 

Ijdtfj^ upajna, n. to grow, &c. (v. ^JJ9»v^ 

upajna). d. 

,c^J^ ^'Nt opcht, m. an armed man, armed 

"with weapons; a man armed in mail. opchi-Midna, a 
guardhouse or post of armed men. h. 

jly '95^T upar, above, on, up, upon, upwards, 
over, outside, past, top. Sparse, from above. ii{fan 
upar se chala gaya, the storm has passed over. s. 

yjij^ uparld, upper, superficial ; m. the sur- 
face or outside, s. [strange. ». 
ij^j\ 3Rlft upari, upper or external; foreign, 

C->ji ^«n a,ut or '5JJI tit, m. one who dies 

without leaving issue; an unmarried man; (in Hindfl 
phraseology) a stupid person, a blockhead, h. 

Oj\ ^ftlT ot, overplus, surplus ; abatement; 

convalesence, recovering from sickness, h. 

^j\ "^nn "I ^tm utd or otd, so much, that 

much. h. 

«il5j\ awtad (pi. of »\>j), pegs, props; met. 

chiefs, nobles (being the props of the state), a 

jlijj^ utdr, m. (for utdi") descent, reduction 

in price ; ebb tide, or low water. 

.Uji ^'qnii. or WriK avatar or autar, m. 
birth, descent; incarnation of the deity (the Hindus 
reckon the following ten of the god Vishnu: — ist. 
matsya, a fish ; 2nd. kachchhapa, a tortoise ; 3rd. varaha, 
a boar; Ith. nri-singha, a man-lion; 5th. vdmana, a 
dwarf; Gth. parashurdma ; 7th. rdma ; 8th. balardma ; 
9th. buddha; 10th. kalkl): a pious or distinguished 
person in the language of flattery is also called au 
avatar, or incarnation of the deity ; a ttrth, or sacred 
place ; translation ; crossing. ;. 

^Oji utdran, m. stripping off, act of dis- 
mounting, d. 
\3j\5jl utdrnd, a. same as Xi}o\ utarna. d. 
(Jj\3j\ utdrval, m. same as ^j\3\ q. v. d. 
\ja)jl5j\ utdwal-pana, ra. haste, urgency, d. 
jjj\ uta?', m. an answer (v. uttar). d. 
Uj3j^ ififcKKfti or «lri4.ff avatarnd or autarna, 

n. to descend, especially as an incarnation of the 
deity, s. 

l3Jj\ utarna, n. same as I3j3\ utamd. d. 

(3jl '«Jiqffl await, f. approach, advance, the 

season in which merchandise is expected, h. 
LdL<*>ji '^Hr^oh otsuk, \ m. anxiety, per- 

&aXmJj) ^7W^ autsukya, J turbation, re- 
gret ; eagerness, impatience, s. [or many. k. 

»-di>j^ ^ftfolf oiNjrfrfoii otik or utik, that much, 
(jyi»^^\ '«f}i«|iR autkarsh, m. excellence, s. 
U5j\ <ftH*iI or ^sTlriHI utna or otnd, that much 

or many. h. 

lL>^^ Wt3 ot, f. protection, shade, shelter, 
partition, screen, op-k., to conceal, to screen, op-h., to 
be concealed. «. 

^^\ ^ihziotd, m. a partition-wall, or screen, h. 
Uuj\ atitdnd, a. to make hot, cause to boil. d. 

tf^VjbtiL>j! <ft3M<SI:g* ut-patdng, poor, helpless, 
destitute, h. 

"speaks inconsiderately, without preparation. 

i^JJSi^LL>j\ 4Kmft ut-fatang, m. absurdity, 

nonsense, what is without meaning or foundation ; adj. 
poor, helpless, destitute, in disorder, uf-pafangi, the 
same as ut-patdngl. h. 

j^j\ NnI^H autan, boiling, evaporation by 
boiling ; m. a knife used for cutting tobacco. A. 

UjjI vTi^vil otnd, a. to defend, screen, shelter; 
to thrumb, to separate the seed from cotton ; to catcb 
as a ball. h. 

\j^j\ Wlj«!1 autnd, n. to boil (as milk), to 

evaporate over fire ; to consume with rage or vexa- 
tion ; a. to burn, to parch, or dry. h. 

^j\ ^(Z 0th, m. the lip. s. 

UV^'j^ uthdnd, a. same as Ol^'l vthdnd. d, 

Ul^jo V^", "TOli^TRT uthd-bithand, a. to ex- 
cite, to stir up, to urge, h. 

)jlfiy^J^ ^3J3T^»fkT utha,J-glra, m. a kind 
of robber, who plunders by day; they are commonly 
followers of an army (same as ufhd,i-gira, q. v.). A. 

ut-patd7igt, one who 


li^jl utkna, m. same as U^\ uthna. d. 

—j^ aujj m. height, summit, the top ; dignity, 

preferment, promotion, auj ifalak, the zenith of the 
ekj. a. p. 

\3y\j>-j\ ujdrna, same as ^'W^ ujarna. d. 

JU-jl ujal, 1 (for JW\ t(/aZ, &c.) bright, 

^Wjl ujala,} luminous, d, 

I3js>-j\ ujarna, n. (v. ^js>\ ujarna), to be 
desolated, d. 

{j^^\ ^tW^T q/'as, ni. light, splendour; mani- 
festation ; strength, vitality (especially in the foetus), s. 

^3*-j\ ojal (v. ojhal), privacy, shelter, &c. h. 

,Jj>j\ ujal,\ (for ujjal and ujla), clear, bright, 

^Jj»-j\ «i^o,J pure, &G. d, 

ULj-j^ vjalna (for ujalna), to shine, &c. </. 

«4?'J' ^♦tt o;A, m. entrails, stomach, guts. h. 

l^ji Wt«RJ ojha, m. a diviner, a wizard, a 

magician (probably from examining the entrails of a 
victim like the Bomau " aruspex"). A. 

j^jl ^*S^ or ^¥K? ojhar or aujhar,i. thrust, 
push ; in Dakh. ujhar denotes awkward, clumsy, h. 

jj4?"J^ 'Jt^Rj^ ojhal, f. privacy, retirement ; 
adj. private, hid. mhal-k., to conceal, screen, ojhal-h., 
to be concealed. A. 

j^j^ ^^'V^M.a-vichdr, m. want of judgment 
or consideration, injustice, t. 
Ojli^'ji ^f^FrrftlT a-vichdrit, ill-judged, not 
investigated, unconsidered, s. 

i/j^j^ ^r«l^TO a-vichari, m. 1 destitute of 

fjfj^j \ ^f^^rfctlft a-vichdrim, f. J conside- 
" ration, unjust, s. 

ciu>-j^ ^^^TT oMcAa.i, 1 suddenly, unexpect- 

i.iXs>~^\ ^^oF auchak,) edly. A. 

^3^j^ ^rf^^^ a-vichal, motionless, unmoved, 

firm. «. 

^^^•"jl ^^ auchh, m. name of a root from 

which an orange colour ia extracted {Morinda citri' 
folia), h. 

^■^f-j^ Wt5T ochhd, adj. light, of little conse- 
quence; mean, base or low-born; absurd, trifling; 
fruitless, ochha hona, n. to want, h, 

\jJ\^*-j^ uchhdlnd, a. same as U5l^\ uch- 

hdlnd, q. v. d. 

cLa^j^ uchhat, retirement, retreat, d. 

Ul^^-ji uchhalnd, n. (for Ul^*-^ uchhdlnd, 

q.v.). d. 
j_y^^»'j' ^R?5Tq5»1^ uchhalniff. the multiplica- 
"tion table, h. 

liy ^ ud, m. an otter, s. 

( 75 ) jj\ 

\iij\ Wt^ oc?5, wet, moist, damp. h. 
bjl'gi^ wrfa, m. brown, of a brown colour, h. 
C^hj\ ^t^ auddt, white, white colour, s. 

iOjbjl ^^m auddrya, m. munificence, li- 
berality, s. [liness. s. 
«-***bj\ ^!^T^ auddsya, m. solitude, lone- 
^Ji^\ ^T^T auddn, m. gratis, what is given 
over and above, or without purchase ; to boot. s. 

tilJbliijl -aRfT^? M</a/ia^\ f. brownness of co- 
(^bjl ^T^ udd,i, J lour. A. 

j^tSj^ dK^F^ ^'R ud-hild,o, m. an otter, s. 
jjtijl ^ft^^ Of/an, m. boiled rice. s. 
jjtijl ^^oc?a?a, f. a ^\dLni{Sidacordifolia),s. 
^Jbii.l ^RV awadh, f. the name of ayodhyd, 

vulg. Oude. auad/i or avadhi, agreement, promise, 
time, boundary, s. 

^iij\ ^rafV avadhi, m. limit, term, period ; 

(used adverbially in comp.), as far as, as long as. *. 

^tijl^^fv avdhi (forabdhi),m. the ocean, s. 
Xji^A udhdr, m. (same as udhdr) debt &c. d. 

f^^^\ ^^VT«T avadhdn, cautious, attentive ; 
m. caution, attention, s. 

JbtSjl "35^1: udhar, thither, thitherwards, on 
the other side. h. 

Jbiij) "WlVludhdm, ID. noise; impudence; re- 
bellion, disturbance, uproar. A. 

^i^fciSjl "awft MC?Aami, making noise ; impu- 

"dent ; rebellioufl. h. 

Jbii. I gwt udho, the name of a friend and 

companion of Krishna, s. 

C^^dj\ ^^ViT avadhut, m. a kind of reli- 
gious mendicant, t. 
O^tSj^ 'BRVTT avadhut or audhut, large, 

gigantic ; fiightful as to form. «. 

^iijl ^ft^ odhe, adj. possessing a right or 
"title to ; m. a proprietor, supreme ruler. *. 
l3>J6jj] udhernd (same as udherna q. v.). d. 
&jJfc«5jl^T^t?[a-va^%a,not fitto beslaughtered.5. 
(_jt>)l ^rra^ dyodt, name of a tribe of jdts. h, 
biji ^fcO a-vidyd, f. ignorance, s. 
j^45j\ ^I^^^ avadich, the name of a tribe of 

Gujerati Brabmans. *. 

jj-j'tijl audes,^ m. a strange or foieign 

l**»ti«^ audesd, [• country, audesi, a stranger, 

juoiijl audesa,) a foreigner, s. 

\X^dj\ aud/iangd, improper, out of place, d. 

j^\ ^tn.or, f. origin, boundary, limit; way, 
side (ward), us or, that way. or nibdhnS, to be oo». 
itaut to, to protect (for ever), h. 


( 76 ) 


jy ^ttK^aur, conj. and, also, but; adj. more, 

other; aur ek, another, separate, dbtinct, else, cair 
nahlA to, and (if) not then, and in that case then. 
aur hi, quite different, extraordinary, h. 

jjl arvar, in compos, bearing, having; as, 

zor-awar, powerful, having force, p. 
5^j\ aurad (pi. of ^jj), daily lessons (of the, commemorations, devotional exercises, a, 
yj\)^^ aurdk (pi. of ^jj), leaves of a tree 

or book, a, 

j-^jy 'SnfWR avirbha,o, ra. a developing, 

manifestation, becoming visible. ». 

C->^jj| ^ftpMW avirhhut, unfolded, mani- 

fested, appeared, s. 

Oj J 1 ^T|TT avrit, enclosed, surrounded, s. 

0;jl ^rr|f^ avWi^e, f. order, method; a re- 
petition of the same thing, a resolution, t. 
a^jl arvarja, v. &?-jijT a day-book. Sec. p. 

\<i, jl ^TRfl dwarda, f. the allotted period of 

one's life-time. s. 
^j(3jjl dwardan (x.dr or dwar), to bring, to 

relate or record, p. 
iJ^jI dwarda, that •which is brought or 

carried, awarda-nawts, m. a writer or registrar of 

accounts as delivered, p. 

^ii,jl 'gulf urdh or urddh, superior, above. 

urdh-bahu, with arms aloft (a posture of Jogis), i. 

3.xJ65jj\ "^K^xiJ!^ urddh-pund, a perpendicular 

Hue delineated on the forehead by the vaishnavas or 
worshippers of Vishnu. *. 

i.^X^yjbiijj\ ^^^n^cir aurdh-d^hik, obse- 
quies; whatever is given ot performed in remem- 
brance of the dead. s. 

Uk^^iijjl "gilftin urddh-retd, a kind of ascetic 
or rishi, one who lives in perpetual chastity, s. 

jj«jL«i>iijj\ "^^T^ urdh-sdnSfin. a gasp, deep 
inspiration, s. 

O^jl ^Tfl aurasy a legitimate child, i.e. by 
a wife of the same tribe. $. 

0*i)^?" Ly*j3^ ^^^^^ chauras, all around; 

breadth and length ; m. neighbourhood, d. 
v«j j^ ^S^TJRT ormd, m. the name of a particular 

kind of sewing, stitching together two breadths, h. 
^ J I "^y^iKMidvaran, m. a shield, a covering, s. 

tL^jl aurang, m. a throne; places where 

'goods are manufactured for sale. p. 
C--OJ ti^jl Aur ang-zeh, name of one of the 

Mogul emperors, who died A.D. 1707. p. 

LS^-j'"~^Jj (iurang-zebi, m. a kind of cloth 
"so called, p. 

^Li>LlX>jj\ aurang-shdhi, m. a kind of silk 
~80 called, p. [fire. «. 

ijjijjjl ^T§T«T^ aUfj'vdnalf m. submarine 

-fciijjj^ ^^'dv avarodh, m. the seraglio of 

a palace, the queen's apartment; a place, a covering; 
hindrance, obstruction, t. 

^fciijjj \ ^r^ijq a-virodh, absence of contention, 
quietness, avirodht, m. avirodhini, t quiet, tranqofl. *. 

t^jy ^^tcl' ori, a protector, partial ; f. the 
eaves of a house ; bank of a pond or rivulet to the 

water's edge. k. 

]jj\ ^sh^ ord, m. a basket, pannier, h. 

{^j^^ >H^i»i oran, m. a shield, target. A. 

v3j*jl ornd, a to ward off a blow : it is also 
used for orhna, to put on dress, &c. d. 

IJj'jl urnd, n. (sameasUj'l urnd) to fly, Scc.d. 
(3j[jl ornt f. (v. orhni), a veil, &c. d. 

Ujbj'jl ^^*(l orhnd, a. to put on (dress) ; m. 

sheet, cloak, or mantle, h. 
^_yjJ63i^l ^ftpf^ orhni, f. a smaller sheet; a 

veil or woman's cloak, h. 

ijj^^ ^W^ a,ort, f. a kind of basket (used 

in a sugar-mill. h. 

UjVoj_jj'j\ ufi-mdrnd, to dive, to plunge, d. 

j'jji auzdr (pi. of .J j), m. the rigging and 

implements of a ship or boat ; asylums ; loads ; 
weapons, tools, apparatus, a. 

(jlj J I auzdn (pi. of ^^j j )> weigh ts,measures.a. 
(j*ij I 'Wrtr OS, f. dew. OS par jdnt, to fall in 

value, to be less ih demand than formerly. fi<, 6U 
form of the oblique pron. us, him, her, &c. h. 

»jU*)j\ «5ara,m. gamboge. The name seems to 

be a corruption of the Arabic or Persian name *ufara,i 
rawand (Extract of rhubarb), which this gum, from its 
yellow colour, was supposed to be. — (Binning.) h. 

^l**»j\ ^^T«T ausdn, m. sensation, sense ; 

courage ; presence of mind. h. 

^^la»j\ ^R¥nT avasdn, m. the end; conclu* 

sion ; completion ; death ; boundary, limit, t, 

^— O^L>**j' ^ft^^ os-harg, m. the name of 

a medicine, h. 
«3\ju*>j\ ustdd, preceptor, master (v. ustdd). p. 

\liuwjl ^qrenn a-vastutd,i. insubstantiality, 

unreality, s. 

\4ju*>.1 '3R^«n ava-sthd, f. state, condition 

(frequently used in an unfavourable sense) ; any par^ 
ticular state varying with the progress of time, aa 
youth, age, 4c. a'. 

ie^y*nj^ 'Vt^l^ amasthi, one of the subdi 
"vision of Kanaujiya BrShmans. ». [heedless. A. 

^-otj^ ^^T^ ausuch, without consideration, 

jutj\ xm'^rc. or ^Hl. avasar or ausar, m. 

time, leisure, occasion, vacation, opportunity, a. 
j**>j' ■•Kt'Hl. osar, f. a heifer, h. 


( 77 ) 


j*«»j^ usar (same as ushar, q. v.), barren 

(land), s. 

j**»j' '^?n^ oKra, m. turn, vicissitude, osra- 

osrl, by turns, alternately, h. 

i^j***y usar alii, f. a chameleon, d. 

laji*»ji ausat, middle, intervening; m. the 
middle, medium, interval ; mediocrity, moderation, a. 

(Aa*»)j I flM5a(i, midmostjiniddling, moderate.a. 
lx**»jl '3fra*TT ausna, n. to become musty, to 

rot, to putrify. h. [him, her, &c. d, 

^-»j^ use (old form of the ace. pron. use), 
ju*>j\ ^^ auser, m. anxiety, solicitude, h. 
U«juj»j\ ^fNrN?T osisa, m. the head of a bed ; 

a pillow, a cushion, h. 

(^j\ ^Jt^ osh, f. dow (same as os). h. 
(^j) ^rf^'^ a-vish, anti-venomous, not poi- 
sonous, s. [the son of Kama-deva. s. 
wi>ji graTMsAa,nameof the wifeof Aniruddha, 

iJLJtij 1 SHlfc^l^ avisht, possessed (by a demon 

&c.), engrossed (by a feeling), s. 
,^ju*j) ^TS oshth, ra. the lip, especially the 

upper, oshth-rog, m. a morbid aflfection of the lips. s. 

je^JbS*.! ^t^ oshthi, f. a creeper bearing a 

"red flower, to which the lip is compared (bryonia gran- 
dis, or momordica monodelpha). $. 

^tX«i»jl wW aushadh (also aukkadh), f. me- 
dicine, drug, herb, mineral, curet remedy, physic, an- 
tidote, s. 

^^SM»J\ ^t^fisf, ^t^f9, or ^ft^^ oshadhi, 

"aushadhi, or misJiadht (also auk^adhl), f. an annual plant 
or deciduous herb, aushadhiya, medicinal, an ingre- 
dient of a medicine ; materia medlca. s. 

jM»jl gRTC ushar, Darren (land), a spot with 

saline soil. 
iiLw-*»j^ ^T%? avasAisA^, left, remaining, s. 
#jjji>j\ <ftmil usiian, m. black pepper, s. 

^jtt\^j\ ^f^^^^^ a-vishwas, m. distrust, un- 
belief suspicion, a-vishwasi, m. a-vishwdsin, a-vishwd- 
rini, f. distrustful, unbelieving, t. 

^jtjui>jl 15'^^ avashesh, m. residue, remnant, 

surplus, a-vishesh, ra. a want of distinction; adj. in- 
discriminate, s. 

<JJIa**>j 1 -aiN^4l<* dvasIiT/ak,^ necessary, indis- 
ajui»j1 ^T^^ a-vashya, • pensable, inevi- 

i^XxZ»j\ ^Si:^[^[U^ a-vashyah,] table, actual ; 

certainly, necessarily, absolutely, positively, really. 
avasfyyaktd or dvashyaktd, necefesity. *. 

I Jl/flijl aumf (pi. of I B*9j), praises, com- 
mendations, endowments, ausdf-i Jfumlda, noble pro- 
perties, praiseworthy qualifications, a. 

Jk^j\ ausiya (pi. of ^^^), preceptors, guar- 
dians, executors, administrators, a. 

clxjjl auza' (pi. of «-Oj), breeding, behaviour, 
politeness, address, manners, &c. a. 

UPjl oghra, ra. a kind of dish, flummery, a 
kind of sick-man's gruel, vulgarly called "conji". p. 

C>'Sjl aickat (pi. of CLaJj), times, circum- 
stances. auJfdt-ba-sari, f. pastime, amusement, employ- 
ment. auJcdt-ba-sar or -ha-sarl,k., to spend one's time. o. 

uIaK»j1 uhiyat, f. an ounce of silver, or a 

silver coin of that weight, value between six and seven 
shillings, a, 

uiJj \ ^n^oFawflA, m . insurance or assurance. A. 
^y ^ftoir oky m. a house, a dwelling; an 

asylum, a refuge ; sickness at the stomach, inclination 
to vomit ; a draught of water from the hollow of the 
hand. h. 

uiJjl graf uli, f error, slip, mistake, h. 

(^Ojl ^qeiii^r ava-kash, m. leisure, opportu- 
nity, interval, space, s. 
Jojl ^suoniQj aukal, 'I untimely, out of sea- 

Joj\ S!{t"<*|(iil auhali,) son; a child born 
"before its time (properly ava-kdl, &c). s. 

ij6j I ^T'42|;t«T a,,okdn or avakdnt straw and 
grain heaped up. h, 

C1jSj\ ukat (same as ukt or MA<a),8peech,&c.<i, 

^jSj\ aukal, restless, uneasy, aukal-bekal, 

very restlesa d. 
Ujj\ veHcfitiT oknd, or ^'4"f|| uknd, n. to vomit, h, 

^j\ WJkm uknd, n. to miss, to err, to trip, 

to mistake, h. £cinarum). s. 

^j\ ^gref ukk, f. sugar-cane {Saccharum offi- 

I3j'\.^j) ukhdrnd, a. (for lij'l^^I ukhdrnd), to 

root up, &C. d. [canes, s. 

jj5J'l^j\ ^P^nft ukhdri, f. a field of sugar- 

Jl^j\ ukhdl, m. an emetic, ukhdl-julldb, 

cholera morbus, d, 
\ji\^j\ ukhdlnd, a. (for ukhdlna), to vomit, d, 
fi>i^^j\ aukhadh, f. (for aws/tarf/i), medicine. «. 

J\j^^\ «I<«M ukh-rdj, the day on which the 

planting of the sugar-cane commences, generally at- 
tended with some festive ceremonies, h. 

^34^jl ^TT^^qS (ifOkhal or dvakhal, land re- 
claimed from waste, h. 

,_^^ji 'WI^qT^ okhCi, f. a wooden mortar, s. 

^^^m\ ^^o|f^ avakesht, barren, s. 

»l>jl ^ttT^ augdh, deep, unfathomable. «. 

5\ij\ ''Sr^nr? avagdh, \m. bathing, ab- 

/o*l^jt ^J^TT^*! avagdhan,) lution. s. 

CLi«)\ ^RHW avagat, known, understood. 
avagati, f. knowledge, s. 

^j\ ogar, \m. a kind of pottage or gruel (cor- 

\^j\ogrd,} ruption of o^ra, q. v.). d. 


( 78 ) 



^j^j\ fUcl'Ku avagun or ^^^nn avgun 

blemisli, vice, defect, demerit, worthlessness. s. 

Ijojl iigna, n. (for ugna), to grow, sprout 
up, &c. d. [position, s. 

j^Sjl 'ilcjjuijl auguriiy vicious, of a bad dis- 

,^j\ ^fhl ogh, m. multitude, aggregate, col- 
lection, s, 

lILa^Sj^ W^7 aughat, steep, inaccessible, /t. 

y^jl aughar, awkward, unpleasant, in- 
discreet, d. 

j\ "SI'A aw^I, f. a whip like a waggoner's, 

*in length about seven cubits, used in training horses ; 
an ornamental edging of superior country shoes (pe- 
culiar to Delhi), h. [regard, s. 

Usjl ^"^i^ avagya, f. contempt, despite, dis- 

C>jOj\ ^^yftiT avag'ii, detested, reproached, 
wicked, vile ; m. reproach, blame, s. 

Jj! awwal, first, best, principal; (for mdq) 
proper, Ht ; m. beginning ; adv. at first, a. 

Jj) ^TIqS ol, m. name of a vegetable, of which 

the root is ea.teQ{Arum campanulatum, Roxb.); a host- 
age or personal security for a debt, k. 

^j\ ^^I ola, m. hail; the name of a sweet- 
meat, ola hojana, to become cold, joft sir mundaya tofy 
ole pare, I had no sooner got my head shaved, than a 
shower of hail came on (spoken of one who has just 
engaged in an enterprise which turns out unfortu- 
nate), h. 

^jl flM/a (for aw/a) better, preferable, awwa- 
Ian, in the first place, firstly, a. 

4i^j\ aulad, f (pi. of ijJj), children, descen- 
dants, progeny, offspring, a. 

\ja^j' a,olaniya, a tribe ofjats so called, h. 

jj)jl ^t^nft oltt, f. (v. ort), the eaves of a 
" house, h. 

\jjij\ ulatna "l for nlatna, 1 
U^iJj^ ulathna J and ulathva,) 

ij^^y W<JSHmi aulachhan, of evil omen, un- 
fortunate ; m. a bad omen. s. 

U^sTjl nlachhna (for ulachhna). d. 

^^iLiCJj^ ^^c^QjUT avalakshan, 'I of inauspi- 

fj^j^ '^^^nr aulakhan, J ciousorevil 

omen ; m. a bad omen. t. 

j^^^ Jjl ^S^qT^A^ ol-kobt, f. the vegetable 

•'commonly called knolcole. b. 

u-oJjl ^Rc5^ avalamb, m. asylum, protec- 
tion ; adj. depending, hanging down. t. [genoe. «. 

]j\ wf^^Sir a-vilamh, m. quickness, dili- 

ji)^\ wfcJcJjreil a-vilavihit, quick, expedi- 
tious, ava-lambit, alighting, descending; protected, 
cherished, s. 

\j^j\ ulindna, n. (for ulindna)yio be poured 

out, &c. d. 
•J.^ '3555 ^lu, 'If. a kind of grass used in 
\^j\ 35^*1 ulu,a,) tl 

eylindricum). h. 

thatching {Saccharum 

jlji ulu, prefixed to an Arabic noun denotes 

possessed of, endowed with. a. [seen. t. 

CLS^j\ ^r^^ytftirrf avalokit,aJain saint ; adj. 
icr^3^ ^^c5"l<*«T avalohan, m. view, sight, 

inspection, s. 

y3' ^^^^'STT avalokna, a. to see, to look. s. 
(_Jj^ "^SC^^ avail, or '^(Tm^ avail (vulg. ai/Zi), 

'* f. a row ; a line ; a series, a lineage. a,oli, £ mode of 
estimating the produce of land. t. 

Jjjt aula, better, best, most proper, via, the 

first, &c. (fem. oi awwal). a, 
jJ^i uU, possessed of, endowed with. uU-U 

"ajnij}.a, winged animals, ull-l'ilm, possessed of science. 
ull-l-ahsar, wise, prudent ult-l'azm, resolute, a. 

(Jjl ulU, f. a chisel, a carpenter's tool. d. 
^j! oil, m. (same as oT), personal security, 

"hostage, h. 

^.1 a,ole, m. twins, (also a,ole-jd,ole). d. 

(_Jj I ^TR^ a,o/i, f. a mode of estimating crops, 
■■ the produce of one hiswd is measured, thence the rest 
inferred, h. 

U5j\ auUya (pi. of ^j), friends, companions 

(particularly of the prophets); the apostles, the saints, 
the holy. aulipa-i-all('ih, friends of God; in law it 
signifies the next of kin, or other person entitled to 
exact retaliation (v. wall), a. 

CloJj^ awroaUyat, f. priority, pre-eminence, 
excellence, superiority, a. 
jfoJj Ww/a-iar, better, best. a. p. 
^jWjJjl aule chdfOle, a twin, twins, d. 

^^jl amwalin (pi.), the first, former, ancient. 

awwallii aM^rin. the ancients and the modems, a. 

^j\ Wt^T om, the mystic name of the Deity 

prefacing all the prayers and most of the writings of 
the Hindus: it is said to imply the Indian Triad 
or Trinity, Brahma, Vishnu, Sniva. s. 

Mj\ WW avam, low, vile, inferior, s. 
{j>**j\ umas, m. (for umas), resolution, &c. d. 

I3iiju«j\ iimandnd, m. (for utnandna), to be 

proud, &C. d. 
f^j\ "gsift umt, f. an ear of corn (half ripe), h. 

Jijl '^Jff or "gUf un, f. wool, gadar dm un hoh 
baithi chare kapat, " I bought the sheep for (furnish- 
ing) wool, and she is eating up the cotton" (spoken of 
any thing done by way of economy which turns out in 
the end very expensive). *. 

^o^ v-n (for jjl un), oblique pi. of wu/t, he,&c. d. 
^^^ ^R una, less, defective, minus ; prefixed 

to a Sanskrit numeral it denotes "one less:" thus. 
Una-trinshat, one less thirty, twenty-nine. So una- 
trinshatatn, the twenty-ninth ; hence the modern forms 
in HindQstanl, untia, twenty-nine; unchalis, thirty- 
nine, &c. s. 

^^jT 5,07?, m. faeculent matter, mucus, d. 

^jjl WWtT dwan, m. coming, approach, ar- 
livaL s. 

^'\ ( 79 

UJ' ciJj' ^n^T ^l<4«f awan-awan, f. tidings 

of arrival, s. 


VijT ^rR*rr awana (old form of ana), n. to 
I3jl ^FfT una, m. a kind of sword, a scimitar, a 

knife, &c., •worn down by grinding, h. 

l^X>m\ ^fc|«il^| a-vinash, exception from loss, 

safety, a-vinashi, safe, entire, free from loss, ever- 
lasting, s. 

\^j^ 'W^finiiT avantika,^^. the name of a city, 

^Ji^\ ^Rirt avanti, J Ujjain, anciently 

Ujjayini. s. 

/imJuOjI units, Dakhanifor MW<is, twenty-nine. 
iJLOj\ "^ lint, m. a camel; Dakh. ont (for 

honih), the lip. h. 

jU> tILOjl "^ cFTTTT unt-hatara, m. name of 

a thistle of which camels are fond {Eschinops echina- 
tus, Roxb.). h. 

Ijjbji auntnd, n. (same as autna), to boil. k. 
(Xjbjl *ifil untnt, f. a female camel. ^. 
,^jl ^ft^ on^A, m. the lip (com. hontK). s. 
4cj2i,\ <ji9|^l unjari or Mn^ari, f. a small heap 

of corn set apart (by Musalmans) in harvest-time in 
the name of some saint, h. 

J:^\ '^unch, I high, tall, lofty, steep, 
l^ji "^^ uncha, J loud, unch-ntch, ups and 

downs, inequality ; vicissitudes in fortune, &c. unchd 
bol bolna, to speak with pride, uncha sunna, to be hard 
of hearing, uncha-kanl, f. deafness, iinche bol ka 
muAh nlchd, the proud ones are degraded, t. 

^j»»^y unchds (for unchas), forty-nine. d. 

(_j*»l^j I ^P^TO unchas, f. 

^l^j^ ^'<IIH unchdn, m. 

^Uiji '3RT^ unchdfO, m. 

cufcl^ • \ jii-^ \^iunchdhat,f. 

^j2j\ <Ah|||^ unchdjt, f. 

(jttjJl^jl unchaRs (for unchdUs), thirty- 
nine. <f. 
uVaijl ^-<II<1T unchdna, a. to raise, elevate, s. 

j3jl awiwcZ or dwand, m. a pan, a vessel, p. 

j3jl ^jrf^wf a-vindu, without point or dot. s. 

Jbi^jji 'WtV ondh, m. the cord with which 

rafters or frames for thatching on are pulled into their 
place, and fastened till the roof is finished, h. 

llttijji ^fVT aundhd or WtVf ondhd, upside 

down, overturned, aundha-baktit, m. misfortune, ad- 
verse fortune, aundhl-peshdni, short-sighted, unfor- 
tunate, aundha letna, n. to lie on one's face. h. 

l3UbjJj) ^VMI aundhdnd, a. to turn upside 
down, to reverse, to overturn, to spill, h. 

eminence, exal- 
tation, tallness, 
steepness, s. 

) jy 

Uj&t>3j\ ^TtrfTT aundhnd, n. to lower (as the 

sky. h. 

\dJj) »ifipil aundd, or ^fhfT ondd, deep. h. 

UkbjOjl M«f?eZna,a.(for undelnd),to pour out.c?. 

^\^j\ unsdth,\ . 

,. . , , riior unsath), tifty-nme. d. 

^^juOjl unsath, J ^ • /' j 

y*>i^\ unsau, one less a hundred, ninety-nine. d. 

jOOj I 'sft^fR onhdr, m. the mysterious syllable 

om. s. [son.) 

jJJ5jI amingilR, a mode of torture, (v. Wil- 

UJLjjI ungnd, n. (for unghnd)j to do2e. <i. 
,4xJ5\ "^ unffh, f. nodding, sleepiness. A. 
(^^l^Ojl <A^I^ unghds, 'If. drowsiness, nod- 
;^l^>Oj\ ^Mll^ unghd,l, j ding, sleepiness, 
drooping (especially from opium), h. 

Ij^jj i ^tjtTT unghnd, n. to nod from sleepi- 
ness, to doze, to droop, h. 

jJojl ^t'ft aungif f. silence, dumbness. A. 

^j^ ^^T aunld, d,onld, or d,onla, m. 

(same as dmla), the emblic myrobalan (phyllanthiu 
emblica). aunla-sar, m. a sort of brimstone. 

^»^^«i aunld-j aunld, a twin, twins, a. 
^^jl «wan (same as ^j^^ unhon), those, 

them (also unu and unort). <^. 

^j^yjT ^m^r^ dfvanaun, n. (Braj.) to come. h. 

J^j\ unhattar (for unhattar), sixty-nine. d. 

^^j) M«A«ra, an interjection, denoting re- 
fusal or negation, d. 

(jj^j\ ■^^* unhin (for wonhtn), exactly in 

that manner, even 8o. A. 

^.1 <Alt/) or '^ffft Mwi, woollen, made of wool. *. 

^jl u-ne (same as ^^^ us-ne), he, by 
"him, &c. d. [want of submission. «. 

^j\ ^fw^ a-vinay, m. pertness, wantonness, 
^y^j3j\ 'sff^Mf»^ aune-paune, partially, 

"more or less ; on occasion, h, 

jl^jT ^WH^K dwanehdr, "I the future, 

\\jb ^j I ^TR^^TTT dwane-hdrd, J that which 

is aBout to come. s. 
CL^j^ ^rf^rftiT a-vinit, misbehaving, acting 

improperly, a-vinita, f. an unchaste woman. ». 

4^iiljjl ^f^^T^ft a-vivddi, not disputatious. «. 

(-dbjj\ "wf^^ a-vivek, m. want of discrimi- 
nation, indiscretion, avivekata, f. indiscreetness, incon- 
siderateness. aviveki, indiscreet, inconsiderats. t. 

^J^ ( 

Jtj\ Wl[ uk, m. reasoning, logic. «. 
8j| awa, m. a brick-kiln; a forge, p. 
^jt ^ifti^t oho, interj. heigho ! alas ! A. 
,^j\ ^ u,t, interj. Oh! oh fye! h. 
tLobjl ^rsTrftl a-vyapti, f. the not diffusing 

itself; not pervading. «. [posed, s. 

{j^\^.j\ ^^«ir^ a-vyakul, calm, firm, com- 

^^Jkiijl awekhtan (r. a/yc^), to hang by, to 
cling to, to be suspended, p. 

&Jk^jT arvekhta^ suspended, pendulous, p. 

jij\ ^nr awer or aver (for a-her), delay, 
lateness, &.c. «. 

\^jl ^Tsftrr a-vlra, f. a childless widow, s. 

\>.^\ arvez or awe^ara (in comp.) suspending, 
adhering, awez-k., a. to hang, to suspend, p. 

8U jT dmeza, m. an ear-ring, drops or pendants 

worn in tlie ears as ornaments, p. 
JjJSjJijT aroeza-band, an ear-ring. p. 

C^,^\ ^FJTU a-vyakta, adj. indistinct, un- 
apparent, invisible ; m. the Supreme Being, or Uni- 
versal Spirit ; the soul, nature, temperament, s. 

l^Lwy «1 ^ei(<4^l a-vyavastha, irregular, s. 

C^^'i*t»^^j\ ^r^fj^fwft a-vyavasthit, not regu- 
lated, undisciplined, not put in order, s. 

i^*\ ^(Wf a-vyaya, m. an indeclinable word, 
"a particle ; a name of Vishnu ; adj. economical, parsi- 
monious, s. 

» 1 a/i, f. sigh ; interj. alas ! ah bhama, a. 

to sigh. a/jjjan-Hft, a heartrending sigh, aki jigar- 
soz, a heartburning sigh, ahi-tard, a cold or sorrow- 
ful sigh, ah-khainchni, f. heaving a sigh. p. 

i\ uh, interj. Oh ! ah ! hah ! p. 

^1 ^?f^ ahi, ra. a serpent, a snake, s. 

M ^ ih (for yih), this, ih-kal, m. this life. 

ih-lok, the present world, ihi, this very, ihi-than, 
here, in this very place, h, 

^T ^f^ ahi (Braj.), is, exists, h. 

Ifcl ^n?T aha, alas! woe's me! bravo! well 

done ! d. 

j\ib\ "^^TC nliar, m. a covering, a cover of a 
litter or palk! for women, h 

j\i>\ ^r^R ahar, m. starch, glue, paste, h. 
j\Sb\ ^fT^K ahar (vulg. ahar), m. aliment, 

food, victuals. <. 

JjUi ^^K«fl aharna,^. to paste, to starch, h. 

^U^ ahati (pi. of Jjfc\), inhabitants, common 
people. ahalVmawali, the people at large, rich and 
poor. o. 

80 ) 


^^\ W^ ahan, interj. do not, no, nay. h. 

LLoljb' ihanat, f. contempt, disdain, enmity, 
afiVont, insult, a. 

Ublfclfcl ^igl^T^T ahahaha, interj. used in 

praise ; also expressive of surprise, pain, or plea- 
sure, s. 

(^IjJb I ^rr?T«T dhbdn, m. a call, imitation, sum- 
mons. s. [venom of a snake, a. 

(jj^-fc\ ^f^^*T ahi-phen, m. the saliva or 

(-1aJ&\ "Slf^rf a-hit, an un-friend, enemy ; en- 
mity, want of affection; adj. hostile, prejudicial. 
ahit-kdrt, inimical, acting unkindly, c^it-manii, ini- 
mical, hating, s. 

C^ 1 ^T?iT dhut and ^T^flT dhuti, m. offering, 
oblations with fire to the deities ; a bumt-offering. «. 

ItiJl^l ihtidd, being directed in the right way 

(spiritually), a. 

i»L*jj&i ihtimdm, f. diligence, solicitude, 

anxiety, care ; inspection, superintendence ; a sab- 
division of a province, a. 

•j\iiJ>^\ ihtimdm- ddr, m. a superintendant 

of the revenues. Sec. of an ihtimdm or district, a. p. 

*\.Jj&l ihtimdmi, m. a curator or manager, a, 

cLJbl ^T^<r dhat, f. sound, noise, clack, h. 

♦fcl ^?T ahar, name of a tribe of rdj-puti. h, 

jfcT "en^r: dhar, \& small pond, a salt-pit, 

ij^\ SHI^r^ dharifj a drain, a trough foi 
watering cattle. *. 

JbW J&l '4(1 ^M I ^< dhar-jdhaVf f. coming 

and going. /(. M'uL «. 

CL^jSe>\ '^T^flcl a-harshit, unhappy, sorrow- 

^^^Jb\ ahrimdn, m. the spirit or principle of 
evil (among the fire worshippers), p. 

Ojfc) 4l^<.til uharnd, n. to subside (a swelling 
or inundation, h. 

{J^y^^ ^^f^f?? ahar-nishi, day and night, s. 

iJb\ ^(%ti ahra, m. a reservoir for collecting 

rain-water to water the fields ; fuel made of cow- 
dung, s. 

{j^\ ^^^ ahri, f. a small pond (v. dhar). h, 

t^,n^\ dhistagi (or dhastagt), f. slowness, 
** delay ; gentleness, softness, p. 

aJLJbl dhista (or dhasta), gently, slowly; 
softly, tenderly, ahitta^aw, slow paced, p. 

^x^t>\ dhiste (vulg. dste), gently, slowly, 

easily, p. 

ud*T dhak, m. quicklime, cement, plaster: 

it also denotes an abwab, or cess upon lime, ahakt 
tqfta, quicklime, p. 


( 81 ) 


J>i>\ aJd, m. people, master; (in comp.) at- 
tached to, possessed of, Sic, as ahl ullah, people of God, 
dervises, falirs. alili ijtihad, qualified jurists, ahli 
khirad, people of wisdom, ahli bait, family (i.e. wife 
and children), but generally means the family- of the 
Prophet, ahli hikuk, possessed of rights, or of just 
claims, aldi-dil, dervises, liberal, brave, generous. 
ahli-zauk, addicted to pleasure, a voluptuary, ahli 
rozgar, skilful, knowing the world, ahli zamdn, time- 
servers, ahli zamln, an inhabitant of the earth, ahli 
zuhd, pious, devout, ahli sunnat, the followers of the 
traditional as well as the written law : the Sunni sect 
in opposition to that of the Shi'as. ahli shar', a legis- 
lator, a lawyer, one who obeys and observes the law 
of the Prophet, ahli safd, possessor of purity ; a sufi; 
a voluptuary, ahli shinakht, men of intelligence, ahli 
td'at, faithful, obedient to God. ahli tabJca, one who 
does not observe the precepts of Muh.ammad. ahli 
tar'tk, an observer of the laws of Mulj-ammad. ahli 
aarf, noble, ahli 'irfdn, learned, ahli 'aJcl, wise, ahli 
'iltn, scientific, ahli fazl, virtuous, ahli kdr, a work- 
man, a clerk, ahli kitdh, a learned man ; a person of 
any religion revealed and contained in books (the 
Musulmiins allow that the Jews and Christians are 
ahli kitdb, whereas the Hindus are considered as ido- 
laters), ahli karam, liberal, generous, ahli majlis, 
an assistant, a member of (genteel) society, a courtier. 
ahli-masSrif, a proprietor, ahli-ma'dsh, the holder of 
a rent-free tenure, ahli ma'rifat, possessed of the 
knowledge of God. ahli mansab, a minister, a person 
in office, ahli nasrat, colleagues, coadjutors, ahli 
nifdk, infidels, enemies. There is no limit to com- 
pounds of this sort : two more I may here add — ahli 
saif, a military man ; ahli Jcalavi, a civilian, a. 

(J^fi*! ^Tf^ ahal, m. freshness of soil. h. 

^ifcT ^ST^qST ahld or ihla, m. inundation, de- 
luge, flood, overflow, h. [festivity, s. 

ji^T HIlgT^ ahlad, m. joy, gladness, mirth, 
C->i^T ^n^^ ahladit, joyful, glad, merry. 
cdJ^\ ihlak, m. destroying, ruining, a. 
^1 ^n^^ ahlo, inundation, flood, &c. h. 
uL)JJ^\ ^'^^4 ihalokyVa. this present world, s. 

Uiifc^ ahliycij f. a wife. 8ara,e ahliya, the wo- 
men's apartments, hence " seraglio." 

UUl <«{^(^| ahalya, wife of Gotam, and 
daughter of Brahma : one of the Apsaras, h. 

C.*jdi6\ ahttyat, f. worth, worthiness, excel- 
lence ; possession, a. [tant business, a. 

jJBi\ ahamm, important, ahammi kar, impor- 

Jfc\ ^^ aham, pron. I. aham-mati, spiritual 
' ignorance ; conceit, self-love. t. 

Jl»ib\ ihmal, m. 1 negligence, indolence, in- 

^J\it>\ ihmati, f.J attention, delay, care- 
" lessness. a. 

^jtb\ ^S[^ ahan, don't, not, no, nay. h. 

^\ ahan, m. iron, ahan-ruha, m. a load- 
stone, ahan-gar, an ironsmith or blacksmith, ahan- 
garl, the trade of an ironsmith. p. 

l*Jj&\ ^f^^ a-hinsa, i. harmlessness. s. 
JSX-Jjsl ^rf^rra a-hirisaky harmless, inno- 

cuous, s. 

LiXii>\ ^f^oF ahnik, m. the constant or daily 

ceremonies of religion, daily work ; adj. daily, diurnal. 
Shnikt, adj. of or l>elonging to a day. *. 

ySSib] ^i^'^^t^ahanka?', m. egotism, arrogance, 

haughtiness, pride, s. 

t^o>ii>l W^flT^ aha7ikari,'\ haughty, arro- 
CJ>j>JJt>\ W^Wtf akankrit, J gant, proud, 

an egotist, s. 

\^jSSi\ ahang, m. design, purpose; sound, 

melody ; one of the Persian tunes or modulations in 
music, p. 

^^\ ahanl, "1 made of iron, ahamn-panja, 

/j^JuJ&l ahamn,} iron-handed or iron-fisted, 

strong, powerful, p. 

y^l ahu, m. a deer; a vice, defect, fault, ahu- 

bara, m. a fawn, ahu-chashm, having eyes like those 
of a deer, ahu-gir, a deer catcher. SAS-^iri, the act 
of catching deer. p. 

y&l 'Sf^ aho, interj. O! holla! sign of the 

vocative, wonderful I h. 

3)Jy^l W^hr? aho-ratra, and night, s. 
^^y& I '5n3|T«f ahwan, m. summons, respectful 

invitation, s. 

^\ ^ ahe, interj. O ! sign of the vocative, s. 
^J^^ ^^/Az (for ?/?'At), this very, uhi (forrvuh't), 

"that very. h. [tive. s 

ciJ.jafcl ^^iToB a-hetnJi, careless, without mo- 

IjuJ&t '^r^trr aluia or uhita, a person appointed 
to watch the grain when ripe, and see that the dues 
are paid ere it be removed, h. 

*it\ ^^h. ahlr, m. a particular caste in India, 

whose business is to attend on cows ; a cowherd. For 
a full account of this tribe v. Wilson's Glossary, t. 

j^Jbl 'SI^ alter, f. prey, game, hunting, ahem* 

f. a plant (Asparagus racemosus)- h. 

^jfjb\ ^sr^irm ahtrarij^f. a woman of the 

^^jjb\ '^(^Xi^ ahtrni, ■ caste of ahirs; a 

j_j^l 'BT^ift ahiri, J cowherd's wife. h. 

(^j^\ ^^/Ci aheri, "1 m. a sportsman, a 

bjO&l ^^0^44 1 aheriya,) hunter, a fowler, h. 

ij\ ai, interj. O ! the vocative particle, p. 

(_yl Jl e, interj. 01 a respectful particle of 
address, s. 

t/ 1 ^rr^ a,i, f. coming, arrival, s. 

l/I 'SITO ayu, f age. hin-a,e mama is a phrase 

apparently connected with ayu : it signifies, " to die 
before one's allotted time," or " in spite of fate." «, 

bj aya, an interrogative particle^ whether or 

not ? interj. ho ! hark you ! p. 
bT^?TOTa!/a,f. female attendant on children, h. 
ObT ayat (pi. of CljS})t signs, marks; 

sentences of the kur,an, a. 
jbj aiyaz, name of a favourite slave in the 

household of Ma^mUd of Ghazni. t. 

( 82 ) 


Qj**^! VII14IH ay as, m. fatigue, weariness, s. 
cbl ayagh, m. a cup, a drinking vessel, p. 

jb) ayal (for yal), f. a horse's mane, the 

lock between a horse's ears. p. h 
CL*)\j\ iyalat, f. dominion, government, a. 
^bl aiyam (pi. of -•y.), days, times ; season, 

weather, a. 

j_^bl aiyavii, durable, for a length of time. a. 
bbl ^nrnn a-yana, ignorant; m. a fool. a. 

uoj iha, making a sign with the finger for any 

one to approach (ma denotes a similar sign to signify 
departure.) a. 

c— uC-bj^ ihaghaih, "j 
■ -i *," .,- , .,_ suddenly, unexpect- 

jaJ^Loi aiba-ghaibt, r , , 
-•". "\ .,_ , .,_ edly, all at once. d. 
^jUkPjjJi atbu-ghaihu, } 

Ll*^.l ^nrST ayut, ten thousand, a myriad, s. 
C^i\ Wnrs ayat, long, large, wide ; m. the 

sunshine, sunbeam, s. 

CloT ^iraW ayatta, docile, tractable, ayat- 

tata, f. docility, tractableness. s. 
LLajJ ayat,i. a sign, mark; a sentence of the 

yu,r,an, contained between (signs) semicolons, or stops 
nearly equivalent thereto, ayat-t mutldk, a stop (in 
gram.), only used in the Tpu,r,an, nearly equal to a 
comma, a. 

1*>I ^in eia or firr %ta, so much, this much 

(Dakh. now, at present), a. 

s^^\ Ital (for ital), now, at present, d. 

wj^j 5Hl^in eta,ota, on this account, for 

this reason. *. [only this. *. 

y\^j\l>\ inn^wfrf^ etdrvan-viat7'a, thus much, 

^jSl>\ lid<^ etad-arth, therefore, on that 
account. ». [acting afiectedly. h. 

jS^.i ^W^ Itar (v. itrana), affectation ; adj. 
(^)^.^ ^frtcif e<i^, this much or many. h. 

i_j>IJl itilaf, m. familiarity, friendship, so- 
ciety, connection, company, correspondence, a, 
jJJj} etavi, m. a large lever for raising water, 

commonly called a pasotta. d. 
w^J ^ if til etna or itna, so much. h. 
j^yy^] mumx. etwar (v. itwar), m. Sunday, s. 
(CjiyoJ etrcart, m. a man confined for debt, 

who avails himself of the Christian sabbath for ap- 
pearing abroad, s. 

i-S*" ^L*^* ' a,eti-pa,eti, low down. d. 

cLoi it, f. (same as int), a brick, s. 

\jji>\ aitna, n. to be pulled, dragged, d, 

,^\ ^i//i,reverenced,de3ired,&c.(v.ts^<a). s. 

iij Iti, f. a spear or lance ; the cat in boy's 

"play. ifl-dSndu, the ball and crooked stick in the 
game of chaugan. d. 

jWi i§ar, presenting, oflfering. a. 

L_.^bt:l ijab, m. rendering necessary ; (in 

logic) affirmation (opposite to privation) ; (in Musal 
miln law) the first proposal made by one of the parties 
in negotiating or concluding a bargain, a. 

d\^]ljad, m. invention ; invented, tjad-k., a. 
to invent, a. 

J'^' ?7«2;, abridging, curtailing, epitomizing 

(a book, &c.). a. 

Jfci^^j W^V ayudh, m. a weapon in general, s. 
{j^ji^} ^^ idrish, thus, such, like this. s. 
j*'^.^ t>JT idhar (v. idhar), here, hither, s. 

'iiS\ izd, f. pain, trouble, vexation, distress,- 

affliction. iza-dih or iza-rasdn, one who gives annoj- 
ance, &c. ; a regular bore. a. 

t-->l;j\ ei-dby m. the keel of a ship or boat. d. 
jh^yj^} *!<l*Ri erdpker, m. 1 exchange, inter- 

ing attendance, h. 

i^jii^)j^} ^TS^f^ e7'apheri, f.J change; danc- 


i\j>) trad, f. citing, adducing, bringing (a 
charge), irad-k. to impute blame, a. 

{^^} Iran, Persia, h'dn wa iurdn, Persia and 

Tartary, or Persia and Transoxiana. a. 

jjj^J Irani, of or relating to Persia; a Per- 
sian ; a man of the Shi'a sect. p. 
C0>j\j>\ ^iNiT av'dvat, the name of Indra's 

chief elephant, a. 

i3jj/?.' ^^IMiO airdvati, f. the Ravi river in 

the Panjab. *. 
(J^T SH I ^^cjS dyurbal,\ 
, T "t , I f« affe» lifetime, s. 

\ij^\ ^raf T dyurda, J " 

l^i^3 ^^T Irkhd, 'I f. emulation, envy, spite. 

1.^1 ^^ trshd, j trshdlu, envious, s. 

JOJi <;4..4{j erand, ra. or erandt, f. the castor- 
oil plant (Palma Christi or Ricinus communis), t. 

(C^J ^xt eri, interj. O I a vocative particie 

for females, h. 
(C^-^fcCyJ ert-pheri,,barter,&c.A. 

jA WS er or ed, f. striking with the heel, 

spurring, a sort of spur, &c. for urging on a horse. 
efmdma, to spur. h. 

ovJiJ ^T«BT erhd, a large he-goat trained for 
fighting ; a kind of fireworks, h. 

J'^y ^^JWf ergaj, m. a medicinal plant used 
for the cure of ring- worms. «. 

f^ji] Ff^ eri, f. the heel, eri dekho (look 

at your heel) look at home, a phrase used to obviate 
the efifbct of an evil eye. h. 

i\i\ Izid, God. izidi, divine, any thing be- 
stowed for the love of God. p. 


( 83 ) 



(j«jj ^TET w, ] God, a lord, master, su- 
^jSji\ ^ tshj preme ; a name of Shiva, s. 
i^\ ^\Tm ayasu, m. command, order, h. 
(j*4l '^U^'^ ay us, f. age, lifetime, s. 
\.^\ ^"m aisa, like this, after this manner, 

sometimes joined to other ■words, as mard-aisa, like a 
man ; aisa taisa or aisa waisa, bo so, indifferent, in- 
differently. It, 

.jl-ajj ^WT Isan or tshdn, a name of Shiva. 

Isdn-lcon, the north-east. h. 

Ix«j3 ^W isita, f. lordship, supremacy. $. 
^_|5ULo3 tstadagi, f. erection, stability, p. 

^i\j^\ Istadan (r. ist), to stand, to be erect ; 
to stay. p. [raise up. p. 

SiSIjLj'.I Istada, erected, set up. tstada-k., to 

i^y^y isal, m. a winged white ant. d. 

y*^,.\ ^T<m ayasu, m. order, command, h. 

^^y^^ ^rft* aison, this year. h. 

t^\ ^ aise, \ adv. thus ; m. this man- 

^^***»>} ¥^ aisen,) ner. h. 

\Jl^\ ^^ isha, f. the beam or pole of a plough, s. 

^J^\ eshan (pi. of o), they, those, p. 

^J^\ ^^"T tshan, m. a name of Shiva ^ 

light, splendour. Ishari kon, m. north-east. a. 

CL--' A ^^ M/ta<, adv. a little, somewhat, s. 
ljLiJ;\ ^f^Trtl tshita, f. ^ 
S^xCLJiJ ^f^W Ishitwa, m.) 

tributes of God. *. 
^^.ljjfTBrCts/iwar,m. ruler, lord; God; a name 

of Shiva, of Kam-dev, of Darga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, or 
any other of the Saklis or female energies of the 
deities, ishwar-ddhhi, euhject to God. tshwaradhlnatd, 
subjection to God. tshwar-drddhna, f. worship of 
God. ishwar-bhdo, m. the divine nature, s. 

^j^tS\ l^vyCril ishwaraia, f divine nature ; 
divinity, the godhead, s. 

iO,yL>\ ^>9^ ahhwarya, m. grandeur, pomp, 

state, supremacy, sway ; the divine faculties of omni- 
presence, omnipotence, invisibility, &c. s. 

\>a>\ aizan, even, also; again; the same; 

likewise, moreover, a. 
la>\ ifd, m. performing a promise, paying, 

satisfying, tfd-k., to make good. a. 
(>ibj eky one; frequently used like the article 

a or an, with us, as ek mard, a man, &c. ; it is also 
used in forming compound adjectives in imitation of 
the Persian, as ek-dil or ek-chit, of one mind, deter- 
mined, resolute, ek-zabdn, of one speech, or of the 
same mind or sentiments, ek-se din na rahne, is ap- 
plied to a change of condition, most commonly from 
good to evil, but sometimes the reverse, ek kl das 
sundni, to reply ten (words) for one (spoken of one who 
replica in many words, especially in giving abuse), ek 

supremacy, one 
of the eight at- 

muth, (Dakh.) agreeing, unanimous, ek is frequently 
united with the following vyord in writing, as ekdin or 
ekroz, one day. ekdam, in one instant, ek dd, or ek- 
ddh, one half, some few. ek bdr, once upon a time. 
ek-bdrgi, ekd ek, or ekd ekl, all at once, suddenly, ek 
da-it or ek Tcalam or ek-lakht, altogether, entirely, ut- 
terly, ek na ek, either, one or other, ek digar, one 
another. «. 

(^iOJ.l FoRT^ ehddash, eleven, s. 
^^y^\ 5^iT^^ ekddasht, f. the eleventh day 

" of the lunar fortnight, s, 

j_^l^tiooj ^^^rrfturfTT ekadhipati, m. sole and 

"absolute monarch, aikddhipatya, m. absolute sove- 
reignty, s. 

j9^\ ^oFToFR ekdkdr, alike, uniform, s. 

f^JiS^} ^ofiT"^ ekaksh, one-eyed, blind of one 
eye ; m. a crow. *. 

(S^} fsfclflfcT ekdkl, solitary, alone, s. 

jS 001 ^flBTTT ekagra, intent, fixed on one ob- 
ject, undisturbed, ekagrata, f. close attention, s. 

lIIaJOJ'J ^«BT'B' ekdnt, aside, apart, alone, so 

litary, uninhabited, s. 

yoj\ ekdnaro or ekdnauwe (for ikdnarve), 

ninety-one. d. 

jjjOjJ ekdwan (for ikdwan), fifty-one. d. 

liiifcoo.^ $a|iTf^cfi aikdhik, quotidian, s. 

t/K^J ?<*i^ ehd,i, f. unanimity, unity; so- 
litude, loneliness, s. 
jio, fi^\ ifoFT^cii^ ekd-ekz, all at once. s. 

^-^Ijioj i'oh<f|^1 ek-hachht, distribution of 

any tax or cess levied upon all lands at an equal rate. h. 

CiAJk^fJoj ^ohH^ ek-bhakt, worshipping one 

deity, ek-bhakti, of one faith, believing in one deity. *. 

j_^ja5o3 I^ohMr*/) ek-patnl, f. a faithful wife, 

" one devoted to her husband, s. 

(jii.5aSo3 ^ToF^niJ ek-paksha, m. an associate, a 

firm ally. s. 

CL/So\ ^nrffi a-yuht or a-yukta, unfit, im- 
proper; m. violence, oppression. *. 

Ux^J Ijofiffi ehtd, f. unity, union, equality, s. 

JUio! ^oiiin^ ek-tdl, m. harmony, unison, 
adjustment of song, dance and music, t. 

jj«*aJ\jISoJ ektdlis (for iktdtis), forty-one. d. 

^JMo\ ^cBTrnr ek-tdn, closely attentive, in- 
tent on one object; m. musical unison, s. 

ji^} i!!W^ehatr or ekatra, together, in one 

place. «. 
UJkio.l FSITfT ekatrd, "1 m. a sum total; in- 
lJiSo\ ^cii^ ekatra, J terest of one percent 

per month ; adv. together, in one place, t. 

jy>-\JiS^>\ ^oBiTO^T. ekatrd-jwdr, m. a tertian 
ague or fever, t. 




l^ISoj Udk^il ehatha or ektha, \ together, 

V^i5oJ^o|r3T,^r«BJT c/n/Zm ovakattha,} collected ; 

m. a small boat, rowed bj one oar. ekflia-k., a. to 
gather, to collect, s. 

|J^JSo} TJoFTflB ck-tak, m. a fixed look, stare, s. 
C^sf^- ^^f^W ek-chitt, intent on, absorbed 

in one thing; of one mind, agreeing, s, 

IkiioJ ^o|R[T ekada, once, once upon a time. s. 
(_^.t>Jo3 ^oIT^ eh-drish, one-eyed. 5. 

,^^ ^i CiJjJ ^;^^'^'W^ ek-dukh-sv.hh, sym- 
pathizing, sharing joy and sorrow, s. 

^i]S3\ T^WUf^ ek-rdshi, f. a heap, a crowd, s. 

i^tSj\ W^h^ ek-rup, like, similar, s. 

l*Jo3 ^etiOT eksa, "I 

jLJoI ^ciiUR efear, r similar, identical, h. 

^U-So3 r«mR eksdn,} 

^j^iioj JE^ch^K^ ek-sharan, one only refuge, 

applied to a deity. «. 

ji^ilioj ^eii^iiOi, ek-sharlr, of one body or 

blood, s. [eye. 

^^wiioj ^VS|4I| tkshan, m. sight, seeing; the 

-<t>^fl5o3 ek-fardl, ") land producing only one 
iioflioj ek-fasli, J crop annually, jt?. 

tilSoJ ^oir^ ekak,'\ , ,.^ 

. ^ ; , f alone, solitary, s. 

JliSol ^4<|iicjS ek-kal, m. one or the same 
time, ek-kdltn, coeval, simultaneous, contemporary, s. 

^^£^0(.i)i>3 ^4 '11^ ek-gdchlii, f. a canoe 

hollowed out of one single trunk of a tree. s. 

^J^\^^ii^S\ ^flh'irml^II ek-graniin, of the same 

town or village. *. [preceptor, s. 

jl^JLibj ^oRJT^ ek-guru, a pupil of the same 
l!>^\5oj ^^^ineft-ZflMia, only-begotten (son)..s. 
\j Joj l!*1^1 ekotrd, a sum total. A, 
^o^y^,^ Vc«^$ ek-varva, of one caste, of one 

colour ; m. an unknown quantity (in algebraV ». 
^jji^} '^:^i^^ f- ek-vnrm, beatinu; time by 

" clapping the hands, an instrument which beats time, 
a Castanet, s. 

(ji3^J ^oirf^ ekavinsha, the twenty-first, s. 
C^L'i^A «!c|itr<^^iriT e/iar/?i.sAa<t,twenty-one.s. 

r^\ iiWf ihh, f. sugar cane (same as mM). 
According to the author of the AraisM Majjfil, the 
word is pronounced ikh in the province of Dihli, and 
iikh in that of Oude, Lakhnau, &c. c. 

aioj ai-ki, alas that, pity that. p. 

^j^} f^raif Ikh-rdj, the day on which the 

planting of the sugar-cane commences, generally 
attended with festive ceremonies, h. 

84 ) ^„\ 

j^^.i ekhattar (for ikhattar), seventy-one. d. 

U^x^j ekhattd (for ehatha), collected, in one 
place, he. d. 

Ij^} F^TfTT ehahrd, single, solitary, alone, s. 

^^\S^\ eheasi (for ihasi), eighty-one. d. 

(^y u^3 ekedname (for i^«a7«e),ninety-one.rf. 

{^jujS^\ ekis (for ikis), twenty-one. d. 

'■i^i^.i ^^ ekaikf singly, one by one. s. 

y^P^} eheld (for aheld or ikeld), alone, soli- 
tary, d. 

&-*>?.' ^^ aikya, m. oneness, sameness; an 
»6S''egate, a total, s, 

(i^Q.^ ^jP'fi aigun, ni. unskilful ness, stiipidity. s. 
^Jj^i iyy^ii, uyyal and ayyul, a deer, hart, 

wild goat of the mountains, a. 

^yA el, f. a gold or silver bracelet worn by 
males only. d. 

^.1 ^^ eld, f. small cardamums, the seeds of 

Electeria cardamomum or Alpinia cardatnomum. s. 

yS\ lid (lit.) swearing; in law, a vow to 
abstain from having carnal knowledge of a wife for 
four months, the fulfilment of which is equivalent to 
a divorce, a. 

j^J aildr or J'>J;\ aildr, on this side. d. 

j-*r?'i elcht, ra. an ambassador, agent, at- 

"tomey, envoy, elc^i-pana, m. or elchl garl, f. office 
or dignity of ambassador, ambassadorship, agency. 
elchi-gari-lc, a. to act the ambassador, &c. ; to act for 
another, t. 

.Ubj t lgh dr or elghdr (for ilghdr q.v.), the 

forced march of an army through a country, t. 

(Jjkftb^ «»'//« ?7,m. abusive language,obscenity.<i 

A:>\ elam or ilarti, m. an auction or public sale. 

elam-dalna, to sell by auction, d, 
\^\ ^.^m elrvd, m. aloes, h. 

Lbl llyd, Elias or Eli ; Jerusalem, a. 
8^'^}^} eli-eldlldk (for Id ildha illd-alldh)^ 

there is but one God. d. 

.\^jkb\ aileivdr or ailewar, on this side. d. 

\^\ hnd, m. sign, nod, wink (indicating de- 
parture); emblem, sjnmptom. a. 

^l^_\ Imdn, m. fiith, belief, conscience, reli- 
gion, iman-dar, faithful, true, iman-dari, f. fidelity, 
truth, tman-lana, to believe, imdn-h., to be on oath, a, 

,j\^\ imdnt, faithful, of the (Musalman) 

" faith, a. 

i^} ^H^ aimli, name of a tribe or caste, h. 
{j^} ^"T eman, m. a musical mode. s. 
^^♦>j aiman, more or most happy, fortunate, a. 
^^.\ em/w (for awtn),secure,8afe,void of care. jt?. 
^j^\ aimanl or eminl, f. security, protection, a. 



9^} aima (for a,imma, pi. of jX«\, Imams, 

Saints), m. land given as a reward or^ favour by the 
king, at a very low rent, a fief (when no rent is paid, 
it is called Id-hharaj); a grant of land, 8tc., to the 
people who attend at the tomb of a saint, aima-dar, 
one who holds aima land, a feofifee. aima mauza', a 
village given as a charitable endowment to learned or 
religious persons, a. 

f^\ In (Pers.), this, these, ain (Arab.), 
where ? in (Dakh.), shewing, or exhibiting the teeth. 

tiLoJ.^ f*3 Int, f. a brick. Int-gari, brickwork. 
int-wald, a brickmaker ». 

^-J^^.l 'TZT fiinta^ m. a snail, h. 

ulibl ^rrm Intdyd, m. a kind of dove. h. 

{j^jS-XkA ^'^edlO mt-kdri, f. brickwork, h. 

f^f^} uintan, m. the strings or bands of a 

spinning wheel, d. 

^>^-^3 *^'iHt aintnd, n. to twist, to writhe, to 
be racked with spasms ; to walk or move stiffly, h. 

(_^ju>l ainpii, f. pride, peevishness, d. 

yfjol aintu, proud, peevish ; stately, aintu' 

pana, stateliness. d. 

;.^aJl>J ^ ainth, f. a coil, twist, convolution, 
tightening ; strut, tnih (Dakh.) for mt, q. v. 

UI^juj3 ainthand, a. to twist, &c. (in a tran- 
sitive sense), h. 

U^AJJi '^^;w^ainthnd, tighten ; n. to writhe, 
to cramp, to twist ; to strut, to stalk, to walk ailectedly.A. 

Ajj ^ uinch (also inch and ainchu), m. re- 
^ serve, security, attraction. a<ncA-Ar/<a(ncA,quarrelling.A. 

U;p4 \*-MHl ainchnd (or tnchnd), a. to draw, 

to attract, to pull. h. 

K^X^-jSlyi) ^T^inf^yoir aindra-jdlih, m. a jug- 
gler, a magician ; adj . of or relating to magic, illusory .A. 

jjtiJoj ^^ indur, m. (also indur), a rat ; a 

mouse. /*. 
SiXJo.l dyanda, in future, futurity, p. 
»tijj.8tijjt dyanda-ravanda (pi. dyanda-ra- 

wandagan), one who is passing to and fro. p. 

j^tiJoj ^'^^f indhan, m. firewood, s. [about, h. 

\j^j\ ^^!3»n aindnd, n. to strut, to stalk 

ly& Jsjo^ f^'^^n indhu,d, m. a roll or round fold 
on which a burden is carried on the head ; a pad on 
the top of the head for supporting a water-jar. A. 

t.iJa^3 inak, lo! behold! there for you. p. 
f^y ^'n^ ingur, m. red lead, minium, p. 
yo\ Inv or tno, this, these, d. 
yj V^ eva, even so, verily, indeed, s. 
y>\ y^m dyu, also dyu, f. age, lifetime, s. 

8.\yj ^'<4I<.: aiwdra, m. a cow-shed (in a 

jungle), h. 
jj\y3 airvdn, m. a hall, a gallery, a portico, 

applied generally to a royal palace, p. 

Uj&iiy.\ WJftaiT ayodhyd, f. the name of the 

country and city of which Rama was sovereign ; the 
prewnt kingdom of Oude. a 

85 ) ^ 

i^\5t/ia/-wa,t,1 interj. alas! alas! woe ia 
8\j(_^l ai-rcdh, J me ! p. 
L->^\ aiyub, m. the patriarch Job. a. 
JjjyJ ^5%^ dyurbalAf. age, lifetime, du 
C)\j^\ »Hm<T dyurdd, J ration of life. s. 
j^\ ^T5 e7var, m. a flock of goats, h. 
s^^} 'STTTtni a-yogya, unfit, improper, s. 
^Ju^^yJ ^yl'liTT a-yogyatd, f. want of fitness.*. 
^^\ ^^ evam, thus, so, even so. s. 

&)1 WR dya, m. receipt, gain, profit. /*. 

w I dya (v. dyai), a verse of the kiir,dn. a. 

^\ ^ z/t (for y//i), this, he, she, it. h. 

jjl^l ^^ ihdu (for yahdn), here, in this 
place. /(. [sent world ; worldly, mundane, s. 

t-dl^ ^ 'J ^fi^sF aihik, of this place; of this pre- 
iLo! ^ffhrr dyltd, prepared, ready. *. 

^jXi\ d,in, m. regulation, law, rules (common 

law ; the laws delivered by Muh.ammad are called 3har\ 
those established by princes a,ln); institute, custom, 
manner, p. [ferior. d. 

^ujol) jJij^J^l dfinti-pdftnii, low, under, in- 

^j\(i^^JL>| dyhi'ddn, m. one skilled in the law; 

but it generally signifies a man who practises on the 
simplicity of people by his knowledge of law, hence, 
a pettifogger, a rogue, p. 

aujol d,ina, m. a mirror, looking-glass; the 
kneepan. d,tna,e iskandart, a celebrated mirror said to 
have been made by Aristotle, and placed on the sum- 
mit of a tower built by Alexander the Great at his 
newly-built city of Alexandria, p. 

j^iiedjol d,ina-ddr, m. the mirror-holder, an 
officer at eastern courts ; met. a mendicant a.ina-daii, 
f. the office of holding the mirror, p. 

^j^ii&jjo 1 d,ina-ddn, m. the case of a mirror, p. 

jl**>&Juo 1 d,ma-sdz, m. a mirror-maker. d,tna- 
sdzi, the trade of mirror-making, p. 

J jjajkjol d,'ina-faroz, or d,ina-afroz, or a,ina- 

zidd.e, m. an instrument for polishing mirrors, p. 

^y^sj<x)\ d,ina-mahall, m. an apartment of 

which the walls are covered with mirrors (in eastern 
palaces), p. a. 

(--» be, the second letter of the Arabic alpha- 
bet. It is sounded like our b, and in numeration by 
ahjad it ■ counts two. It is often prefixed to Persian 
and Arabic words with the sense of by, to, for, &c. In 
Arabic phrases it is always united to the noun it go- 
verns, and sounded hi. In Persian it is sounded ha, 
and may be united to its noun, or it may be written 
separately with the weak or imperceptible h. a. p. 

f^ y^ ha, is the corresponding Devanagari 
letter, and in words from the Sanskrit it is frequently 
substituted for v, as hardha for vardha. It stands for 
haruna, the god of water : it may also denote the sun, 
the ocean, or water in general, h. »■. 

( 86 ) 


J ^ ba (for "m vd), conj. or, either, s. 

J bn, with, by, possessed of (in opposition to 

he, without, deprived of); frequently used as first 
member in composition, as in bd-dhru, honourably, 
respectably, bd-ittifdjc, with unity, harmoniously. 
ha-asar, effectively, bd-ikklds, sincere, hd-adab, in 
accordance with good manners, bd-dn-ki, notwith- 
standing that, bd-imdn, faithful, religious, bd-tadblr, 
prudent, with deliberation, bd-tamtz, discreet, judi- 
cious. bd-]chabar, intelligent. ba-J/.ayd, modest, bd- 
shu'ur, wise, intelligent, ba-kffida, according to rule. 
ba murutvat, humane, bd maza, tasteful, delicious. 
bd was/ or bd wujud, notwithstanding, ba wax', re- 
epectfully. bd wafd, sincere, faithful, p. 

(— ^b bdb, m. a chapter, section, or any divi- 
sion of a book ; a door; subject, head, affair, business, 
point, matter, reason, manner, mode, species, method, 
sort ; hdbu-t-taubat, the door of repentance. In reve- 
nue language a head of accounts, a tax, a cess (vide 
the pi. abwdb). bab-war and bdb-yaft, classified, items 
entered (as fields, &c.) under their proper heads. 
bdb-wdrl, f. classification, a. 

«^V ^RT bdba, m. father, sir ; in Bengal it is 
a very common term for boy, girl, child, or any young 
person, bdbd-jdn, dear father, or dear child, h. 

C>^b bdhat, f. account, head, article, item ; 
business, affair, matter ; on account of. This term, 
with its compounds, is much employed in revenue ac 
counts ; as, bdbat-wdr, according to entry, bdbat-wdri, 
f. any thing which is registered or entered in a general 
statement of accounts, bdbat-ydft, the particular 
items of any charge, bdbati, any cess or item of re- 
venue: the Persian pi. bdbatdn is also used in the 
sense of "sundries," miscellaneous items, a. 

j>^ *iN«. bdbar, m. a kind of sweetmeat j a 

species of grass (y. beb). h. 

,_5^yb «ii<f^l babarcht (for banarcht), m. 

"a. cook. bdbarclii-khdna, a cook's shop or kitchen, 
vulgarly called bobberchy-conner by the non-reading 
Europeans, male and female, p. 

{jyj?^ ^T^ft'TT babariydnf a head of hair, 

long and uncut, d. 

Jjb babul. Babel or the city of Babylon, a. 

j_^b ^N«i1 bdbnv, f. a snake's hole. h. 

yb ^T^ia&M, m. a child; a prince; master, 
a title among Hindus equivalent to our Mr. or 
Squire, and it is now as common as the latter terms 
are among us. h. [Ion, Babel, a. 

Jyb babul (same as babul), the city of Baby- 

O^^ ^TW^* bdbon, for the sake of. d. 

*->^W bdbuna, m. camomile; wild ivy 
(Richards), p. 

4^b ^T^ bap, m. father. bap-k.,a. to consider 

as a father, bap-re or bap-merS (my father !), inter), 
an exclamation expressive of surprise, grief, &c. k. 

U-Job ^tlfinin bapti.smd, m. baptisJm (this 
word has been recently introduced into the Indian 
dialects by the Christian Missionaries, g. 

jjb ^^ baprau,\ , . , 

,::, ,_ _ f helpless, poor, destitute. A. 

\pb m^bapra,) 

^}j ^Tfi bdph, f. steam, vapour, s. 

f^}-> ^TPft bdpl, f. a large oblong pond or 
"pool, commonly called a tank. s. 

C->b ^fnr bat, f. speech, language, word ; ac- 
count, subject, question, cause, bdt bdndhnd, a. to so- 
phisticate, to prevaricate, bdt barhdnd, a. to prolong a 
contest, bdt bigdpid, a. to mar a plot, to spoil, bat 
banana, a. to make up a story, to make excuses, bat 
pdnd, a. to accomplish one's wishes, to effect one's pur- 
pose, bdt phernd, a. to equivocate, bdt phenkna, a. to 
jeer, to mock, to speak at (but not to), hat tdlnd, a. to 
put off, to excuse one's self, bdt chaldnd, a. to con- 
verse, to start a subject, bdt chit, f conversation, chit- 
chat, hdt-dhardnd, a. to persist in making excuses, to pat 
off, to evade, bdt ddlnd, a. to throw away one's words, 
to ask in vain, bdt rakhnd, a. to assist, to agree, to com- 
ply, bdt rahnd, n. to make good one's words, to be ful- 
filled or accomplished (declarations), to succeed, to 
overcome, to get the better in arguments, to be ac 
cepted, to preserve perfect, bdt ka batakkaf-k., to mul 
tipl^' words, talk much on little, bdt kdtnd, a. to inter 
rupt. bdt kdjdn, in short, bdt kdn ko lend, a. to accept, 
agree to. bdt kursi-nishin-h., to be approved of (an 
affair or proposal), bdt ko pina, a. to ha ve patience, bdt-k., 
a. to converse, to talk, to speak, bdt ki bdt, unmeaning 
orders, commands not expected to be obeyed, bdt ki 
bdt men, in an instant, bdt garhnd, n. to speak to the 
purpose, to (speak so that one's words) have effect or 
make impression, bdt ghat-k., to determine, settle. 
bdt lagdnd, to calumniate, bdt mdrnd, to turn off, to 
evade, to divert (a discourse, &c.). bdt inati men hasnd, 
n. to recollect, remember, bdt men kuchh-k., to perform 
a business in a word, i. e. in a short time, to lose no 
time in doing any thing, bdt men girdnd, a. to floor (the 
opponent) in argument, hdten simdnd, a. to abuse, to 
speak harshly, bdten sunnd, a. to receive abuse or harsh 
reproof, s. [tism. * 

Ob ^rnr bdt, m. pain in the joints, rheuma- 
^^l»-(jbb bdtdn khdnif talkative, d. 

^V£>b ba-ittifak or bi-ittifak, with one con- 
sent, harmoniously, a, [Etawah. k. 
f^\> ^rfrfrf bdtin, name of a tract of land in 
^>yb ^H»!^ bdtunt, "I conversable, enter- 
U3j3b ^rifw^lT bdtuniyd,) taining, talkative, 

chatty ; a talkative, entertaining, conversable person, h, 

^_^b ^TrTt bad, f. a candle, a wick ; a tent or 
"bougie put into a wound to keep it open. t. 

ciijb ^T7 bdt, f. a road, highway, bat sdru, 

a traveller, a wayfarer ; m. a weight, or measure of 
weight, whether of stone or metal, bdt-chhap, the stamp 
on weights and measures to guarantee their being ge 
nuine. hdt-chhdpi, fee for stamping weights, &c. «. 

b'b iim bdtd, m. a share, portion, d. 

oob ^TfT«in' bdtikd, m. a villa, s. 

bob ^TTTF bdtnd (also bdthnd), a. to share, 
to portion out or divide ; to spin, to twist d. 

jjb ^T3^ bdti, f. a habitation, dwelling-house, 

"home; a garden-house. «. [other. A. 

^^l^Sj^'b ?rTT*n^ bdte-ghdte, somewhere or 
jj\ b bd-asar, with effect, effective, p. a. 


bdj, without, in the absence of. d. 

— .b ba), m. a tax, duty, toll, import, &c. ; tri- 
bute, originally, that taken by one king from another. 
bdj-dar or bdj-gir, a tax-gatherer, or collector of tri- 
bute or revenue, bdj-guf^r, one who pays taxe% 
duties, &c p. 

c^ ( 

^b V1«!I fcaja, m. a musical instrument j 

music, hdja-bajantar, or -bajattar, a band of music s. 
ls»-\il>.b ^Mlill^fl haja-(jaja, m. the sound oi- 

clangor of various musical instruments, s. 

\f>'^^ TI»I<1 bajra, m. a kind of grain so called; 

Indian com {Holcus spicatus). h. 
{Jj>-^ ^TW^ haJ7'i, f. same as hajra only of 
a smaller kind. A. [instruments, s. 

•r^'r^. ?TinTT»r bdj-gaj, m. sound of musical 
jiS^\^ baj-gir, one who receives or collects 

taxes, &c. p. 

(^;s»-b ^T*nT ?^q;a»,m. pl.musical instruments. ^. 
U>-b qi3ifii hajna, n. to sound (as a musical 

instrument) ; to be published ; a. to play, strike up or 
perform on an instrument, h. 

^\>^j:>\i '<7IM*1?r«fT bdjan-bdja, m. pi. musi- 
cal instruments, h. 

ijjyi>s*'\i ^T^Rn^ bdjantari, f. a tax formerly 
exacted from musicians and dancing-girls, h. 

y»-\j ^"^bdju, m. a kind of ornament for the 

arm. h. 

ft>-b bqia,m. (v. bdja),a. musical instruraent.s. 

j_5j>-u mn\ baji, m. a horse, s. 

y»-b ^TI*^! bdchd or vdchd, f speech, aflBrma- 
tion, agreement, promise or pledge. «. 

(^I>.b ^^T^fllf bdchak or vdchak, speaker ; (in 

grammar) an explanatory particle, a. 
^4*"^ ^T5 hachh, f. selection; the corner of 
the lip; adj. useless; in revenue language, it denotes 
the proportionate rate or division either of lands or lia- 
bilities attached to them, bdchh-bardr, an adjustment 
of liabilities, &.c. s. [animal), i. 

■■^^'^ '^rarr backhd, a calf (or young of any 
J^^b ■^■gioS bdchhul, a tribe of rdj-puts 

about 'Aligafh, &c. /* [lect. h, 

Ijk^^-b ^^ffT bachhna, a. to choose, to se- 

jsX>-b <fi'£j| hdchya or vachya, m. a sentence 
(in grammar); adj. speakable, fit to speak, s, 

^b bdkha, m. (for &>-b q. v.) a tortoise, p. 
ff>-^ bd-khabar, careful, intelligent, p. 
^^ytf»-b bdkhtan (r. bdz) to play, to sport withj 

to endanger, p. 

aJ>-b bdkhia, played, lost (by play), p. 
*>-b bdkha, m. a tortoise or turtle, p. 
^b bud, f. wind, bdd-se bdt-k., to go very 

quickly, to be very swift, bddi Umd,f. a stormy wind. 
bdd-paimd or bdd-raftdr, swift as the wind (generally 
applied to a horse), bddi sumum, f. a hot pestilential 
wind, hdd-sanj, idly spccuhitive, vain ; one who builds 
castles in the air. bddi shiirta, f. a fair wind, a favour- 
able wind, bddi faratig, St. Anthony's fire (the pox?). 
bdd-farosh, a musician or minstrel, literally a seller of 
wind, bddi muhf^ilif, f. a contrary wind, bddi sabd,t. the 
morning breeze, a zephyr, bddi murdd, f. a fair wind ; 
in revenue language it denotes a remission on account 
of deficient produce, p. 

87 ) ^b 

t>b had (for burvdd, precative form of budan, 

to be ;) may it be, or may it continue or be perpe 
tual. (also badd). p. 

jib "^T^ had or vdd, m. accusation ; assertion, 

asseveration, affirmation ; a claim or plea ; rheuma- 
tism, bdd-k., a. to argue, s. 

j^iib ^T^T^ bdddr, a large house, granary 
raised on piles, h, 
J\ii\i bdddm, m. an almond, also an Indian 
fruit resembling the almond, the catapang of the Ma- 
lays, p. 

&x>\.ib bdddma, the aurelia or silkworm in its 
nymphean state ; a kind of silk ; a dress made of rags 
sewn together, worn by JaJcirs. p. 

^\tib bdddmi, almond-coloured ; almond- 

" shaped ; a kind of eunuch ; a kind of dish of which 
almonds form a main ingredient, p. 

5b3\5b ^^T*nT^ bdddnuhdd, m. altercation, 

dispute, &c. s. [tic), p. a. 

^Jlbib bdd-bdkt, f. subtraction (in arithme- 

^^b^b bdd-bdn, m. a sail ; a vessel in which a 

lamp is placed for protection from the wind. p. 

bib hdd-pd, having feet like the wind, fleet, 

swift (horse), p. 

iO,li-iib hdd-khaya, m. the rupture, p. 
j^Sb hdd-khor, m. a disease in horses, from 

which the hair falls off. p. [pitis). p. 

[,^5b hdd-khord, a scald head {Tinea ca- 
jib ^T^ bddar, a cloud, (v. hddal). h. 
j«ib TRT hddur, m. a flying fox ; a bat. ». 
an orange, a kind of 
citron, a species of 

large cucumber, bdd- 

ranj buya or bddrang hoya, Arabian balm, mountain 
balm. p. 

sJL^.iiiO hdd-resha, m. a whirl, a circular piece 

of wood at the end of a spindle ; the round piece of 
wood at the upper end of a tent-pole, p. 

iO .j>b bddriya, m. a ventilator suspended to 
the roof of a house, to increase the circulation of air, 
and drive away flies, p. 

»U»5b hddshdh, m. a king, a sovereign : this 

is an Arab corruption of the Persian word padi- 
shah, q. v. p. [of a king. p. 

ajljbbi>5b bddshdhdna, kingly, in the manner 

d>4>b2»ib hddshdhat, f. a kingdom, govern- 
ment, p. 

SSljsbijjb bddshdh-zdda, a king's son, a 

prince, bddshdh-zddl, a princess, p. 

^b^ib bddshdhi, f. royalty, sovereignty; 

"adj. royal, belonging to a king, bddshdhi sanad, a 
royal tenure, or grailt of land rent-free, p. 

&/^ib bddshah (same as hadshdh),^'k\ng,&cc.p. 

^jib hddranj, 
(.L^^V bddrang, 
,^yjX.'iji\i bddrangtn, 


( 88 ) 

jji^Ibb bad-hash, m. a fan, a ventilator; a 

punkah; bellows, p. 

tJj^Sb had-gird, a whirlwind, p. 

Jiib ^gs badal, m. a cloud. A. 

^ib TT^^ fcarf/a,T m. gold or silver thread, 

«J«5b ^n^: bddlaj brocade, &c. h. 

^J<ib ^TS[q5^ badaH, silver cloth ; cloudiness. A. 

*5b badam (for badam), an almond ; spi- 

ceries. p. [snake's bite. p. 

Ij^ih bad-muhra, m. an antidote for a 
^Ij^jib badinjan, the egg plant. ^. 
\v«ib bad-numa, m. a weathercock, p. 

Stjb ftarfa, m. wine, spirits, bdda-parastf ad- 
dicted to wine, hada-kash, wine-drawer, bada-nosh, 
or bada-gusdr, a wine-bibber, p. 

Jtiib ^tl &ac?/<, a lesser division of an estate; 
a plain, a desert, h. 

Jb«>b ^V 6a<ZA, m. prohibition, hindrance; 

a chord, a string, s 
U&tjb ^TOT hddhd, f. pain, anguish, s. 
d*Jfciib ^tHViT bddhit, obstructed, impeded, 

pained, tormented. «. 
liiJ^jbib m>^badhah, one who interrupts,&c.s. 

(0*"*^^ ^T*R6ac?/ia», m. pain, act of obstruct- 
ing or opposing, s. 
^j ^jjfciib bad-hawa,t, f. fruitlessness, useless- 

ness; waste, p. 

djjbdhvnstbddhyafwhsit ought to bestopped.s. 
(_j(ib &a^i, flatulent, troubled with wind. p. 

(^jb ^T^ bddt (for tjofii), an accuser, a 
pl^ntiff, an enemy, badi chor, an inveterate thief, s. 
(Cib bddt, beginner, an author, a. 

^bjib bddiydn (also hadiydnd), sweet fennel; 
anise seed. *. 

wib bddiya, m. a bowl, cup, glass (but ge- 
nerally made of brass or bell-metal), p. 
joib bddijfa, m. a desert, a wilderness, a. 

»tib ^rW &arfA, f. stubble, h. 

Uibi^b in?^ bddhna, a. to cut, to shear. A. 

^ib fcaxiA, the juice of grapes, slightly 
boiled, a. 

jb bar, m. load ; time, once ; a court, a tri- 
bunal, sitting of a sovereign to give audience ; repeti- 
tion ; fruit ; leave, permission, admission ; pregnancy. 
bar-ddr, loaded, full of fruit ; pregnant, bar-dena, to 
load ; to give charge ; to impose, to give trouble, to 
encumber; to give admission, to give leave. ka,i bdr 
karke, after several times or turns, p. 

jb ^TC bar, f. time, occasion, delay ; verge, 
edge; a girl not exceeding sixteen; m. day of the 
week; door; water; child; hair; prohibition, ob- 
stacle, bdr lagdnd, to delay, to hesitate, s. 

jb ^t; bar, 1 m. perquisite of the ahtr or 
Kb ^TTT bard, J cow-herd in milk, generally 

the milk of every eighth day. h. 
hb bard, m. wind, air, atmosphere, d. 
t^iiljb <IK^O bdrddart (v. bdrah), f. a 

summer-house, h. 
\xi*tf\jb ■^^T'fi^T bdrdsingd, m. a stag ((7er- 

vus elaphus). h. 

^jj^\.\j '^TTJ^^^ hdrdhharl, f. the- combina- 
tion of the consonants (in the DevanSgari) with the 
vowel symbols, h. 

^^Ijb bdrdn, m. rain, the rainy season, p. 
jj|jb bdrdnl, f. a great coat, or cloak for 

** keeping off the rain; unirrigated land, i.e. land de- 
pending on the natural rains of the season, p. 

i\j\j ^TTT? hdrdh, m. a boar, a hog; the 

third incarnation of Vishnu. ». 
iK^)j^ ^rrn^ hdrdkl, f. land ; adj. relating 

to bdrdh, the third incarnation, h. t. 
jbjb bdr-bdr, repeatedly, often (also bdramr- 

bar), bdr-bdri-k., to procrastinate, delay, p. 

i^ bOjb '^T^TT^ bdr-batd,t, f. division of 

the crops by sheaves or shocks, before the com ii 
trodden out. h. 

j>X> bdrbar, burden-bearing (ox or ass), p. 

,lt>^b bdr-barddr, m. a porter, a burden- 
bearer, p. 

^ .^5 Jjb bdr-barddri, f. expenses of travel- 
ling, coolie-hi re, carriage-hire, means of conveyance, p. 

— jb ^ft»I bdrij (for vdrija), m. the lotus. 
barija nayan, having eyes like the flower of the lotus. $. 

OW jb bdrjdt, an oppressive custom, forcing 
the natives to buy goods above the market price, p. 

i< \>-Xi bdrjd,e, a custom of forcing people 

to buy goods at an exorbitant price ; likewise, a free 
grant of a spot of ground made by the zamlndars and 
landholders to any of their relatives, the rents of 
which, to prevent a loss to the donor, are assessed 
upon the rest of his possessions, p. 

u»>l>.jb bdr-chdp, a kind of cloth, d. 

{^^X> bdri-khass, m. private hall of au- 
dience, p. [mind. p. a. 
isU-.b baj'i'khdtir, load or distress of 

i6ls»-.b bdr-khdna, m. a warehouse, p. 

t(i>»-.b bdri-khtcdd. Great God. p. 

CiX} ^ift^ bdrid m. (for vdrid), a cloud, s. 

tSjb bdrid, cold, frigid ; established, a. 

Jjb bdriz, a term in arithmetic, the sum total 

or gross amount, p. 

(jiojb bdrish, f. rain ; a shower of rain. p. 
*lpjb bdr-i-'dm, m. public hallof audience./>.a 


( 89 ) 

tiJj'j WlPi^ barik, m. rain (for varik or 

vSrid), h. 

edi^tiljb harah-allah (God prosper you), a 

phrase expressive of admiration, a, 

(jt^b bar-hash, lit. "burden-bearing," ap- 
plied to elephants, carts, porters, &c. p. 

sl^b bargah or &^b bargah, f. a court, pa- 
lace, place of audience. har-gah-i-]chas, private court, 
privy-council chamber. bdrgah-i-'dm, public court, 
where every body is admitted, p. 

^J^ baragi or bargt (used in comp.), time, 

"or turn. p. 

tAiib bargtr, m, a horseman (soldier) who 
does not &id his own horse ; a beast of burthen, p. 

^^jV ^KW baran (for va7'an), m. forbidding, 
prohibiting, preventing ; an elephant, t. 
Ojb ^^JK!^ bdrna, n. to leave off, to sepa- 
rate, to quit ; a. to forbid, to prohibit, s. 

I3jb int«n bdrna, a. to light, to kindle, h. 

^bojb ^TttWTt bdrambdr (for bdr-bdr), often, 

repeatedly, h. 
&Ai;b WTt«K bdramba, m. fruit of mangoes, 

revenue derived from mango groves, h. 
^J|^J^> bdrandagt, f. rain, raining, p. 
»jj,b bdranda, that which rains or showers, p. 
iij^ ^^?tft barunt, f. spirituous liquors. 5. 
jjV '"T^ *«'*"» ^' 8*"^ (^^^® *^^^) ; ^n- a 

child. «. 

•jb Jaru (for &ar«<),f. gunpowder, saltpetre, p. 

j^^jjb fearn'ow (for barahmdn), the twelfth. A. 

Oj ,b ftar«<,'] „ , , 

■^ ' >t. saltpetre ; gunpowder, p. 

tSjjb barud, j 

ijo fTJ^ barak, land next to or surrounding 

a village, h. 
8jb ^Ti:^ bdrah, twelve, bdrah-dart, f. a 

summerhouse (q.d. with twelve doors), bdrah bat hona, 
n. to become a vagabond, to be ruined or harassed, h. 

Sjb bdra, for the sake of, in behalf of, as in 
the phrase dar bara,e man, in my behalf ; (in comp.) 
turn, time ; as, du-bdra, twice, over again, p. 

U&jb hdr-hd, often, repeatedly, j). 

lCju*»8,b ^K^Or^ bdrah-singd, m. lit. a 

twelve-tiner ;" a stag with horns of twelve branches 
{Cervus elaphus). h. 

(_c,b bare, once, one time ; it is used by some 
authors in the sense of at last, at length, lastly, p. 

jCjb bdri, m. a name of the Deity, the 
Creator, bdri ta'dld, the most high God. o. 

(^jb ^[^bari,^. a garden, an orchard, a house; 

a window ; an ornament worn in the ear and nose ; 
a young girl not exceeding sixteen, a. 

(^jb ^rd bdri, m. the name of a caste of 

Hindus whose business it is to sell torches and leaves 
which are used as platters : the same c? ste occasionally 
act as barbers, h. 

jCjb bdri, tour, turn, bdri-ddr, an attendant 

who waits in turn with others, bdri ki tap, an inter- 
mittent fever, p. 

v_^bjb Jar-i^aJ, admitted at court or into com- 
pany ; one who has the entree, p. 

^b ,b bdrydln, f. admittance at court or into 
" company ; having the entree, p. 

^jiiJ .b bdridan, to rain, to sliower. p. 

liibjb bdrih, fine, slender, minute, subtile. 

bdrtk-bln, intelligent, penetrating, quick of apprehen- 
sion, hartk-jniydn, slender-waisted. p. 

jio jb l>drlhi, f. subtilty ; minuteness, p. 

jb ^TC bar, f. edge ; nnme of a place near 

Munglr; a fence, a hedge ; a line (of soldiers) ; a mar- 
gin, bdr-pakrdnd, to urge on, to instruct, bdrjhdrnd 
and bar iifdnd, a. to fire a volley, bar-bdndhnd, a. to 
inclose a field with thorns, bdr-rakhnd, -chtriid, or 
-chirwdnd, a. to sharpen bdr-dend, or -dilwdnd, a. to 
sharpen, to grind, excite, to instigate, h. 

^'b ifT^ &ara,m. an inclosure; alms, charity, h. 
jjb ^^[i^^ bdrav, ^ m. submarine 

^J,31«Vb ^ijclMc^' bdravdnal,) fire. s. 
^fcj'b UTS' bdrh, f. a flood; promotion, in- 
crease, h. 
Ufcjb ^^»fT bdrhnd, 'In. to increase, go on, 

♦JJb^'b '^T^^ bdrhnauj advance, rise, swell; 

to be promoted, to amount, lengthen, h, 
(J&j'b ^T^^ bdrhi, f. usurious profit or inte- 
"rest taken on grain ; interest in kind paid upon seed 

grain, h. 

jc^'b ^T^ bdri, a kitchen-garden ; a house 
with the garden, orchard, &c., attached to it; also 
cotton (see bdri). s. [knives, &c.). A. 

bjb ^i PsM T bdriyd, m. a whetter (of swords, 

jb bdz, m. a female falcon, a hawk, bdz-ddr, 
m. a falconer, bdz-ddri, f. the charge of hawks, keep- 
ing falcons, a. 

:b bdz, adv. again, once more, bdz-dnd, n. to 

decline, to leave off; to refuse, to reject, to desist. 
bdz raklind, a. to hold back, to prevent, to forbid, bdz- 
rdhnd, n. to decline, to reject, to leave off"; to refuse; 
(in comp.) it denotes a player; as, shatranj-bdz, a 
chess-player; JwMa-fcaa, a juggler, p. 

j\jb bdzdr, m. a market : according to Glad- 
win it denotes a constant and established market, in 
contradistinction to hat, an occasional one. p. 

(_^]jb bdzdr'i, bcdoiiging to a market ; market 
people, common people, bdzdri bdt, low or vulgar 
language ; patois ; Billingsgate, p. 

;,_W :b bdz-purx, 1 n\ . reiterated inquiry j 

C.^y>''}obdz-h]rwdst,) minute investiga- 
tion, p. 
^^Ju*Ojb bdz-pasin, last, hindmost, p. 

^^ir,jb bdzargdn (for bdzdrgdji), m. a mei 
chant, a dealer in the market, p. 

(j}Sjj\>, hazargant, f. merchandise, traffic, 

" trade commerce, p. 

^jii/jb baz-kardan, to throw open (a door), p. 

Cj^jb haz-gasht or bdz-gashta, returned, 

retreated, p. 

^jjjl) baz-gun, preposterous, upside down. p. 

jj^\\j baz-gir, a falconer; a chronologist, or 

historian ; (for hdj-glr), a collector of revenue, p. 
S^iJjlj bazanda, playing, a player ; a kind of 

pigeon (vide yhirad-afroz). p. 

«jb bazu, ni. the arm (plur. bazUjOn) ; the 

fold of a door ; the side of a bedstead ; a friend, a com- 
panion ; one who repeats the chorus of the marsiya ; 
an accompanier in a song, hazu dena, a. to assist, to 
help, to support, p. 

iXJJIjijb bazu-band, m. an ornament worn on 
the arm, a bracelet or an armlet, p. 

t^b bazi, f. play, sport ; a game, a stake at 

play, bazi klidna, to lose, to be cast ; to be cheated. 
bdzipana, to be victorious, prosperous, bazi-lagana, 
to vrager. bazi lejdnS, to win, to exceL p. 

Cl^ibjb baz-yaft, resumption of any thing, 

the act of resuming alienated lands or property of any 
kind. p. [a toy, plaything, p. 

&i|5jb bazicha, f. fun, play, sport ; wagering; 

jjcWjb baztdan, to sport, to play ; to gamble. j3. 

80v^l) bazi-gah, f. a place for exhibiting 
feats of activity ; a theatre, p. 

^jb bazigar, m. a tumbler, one who exhi- 
bits feats of activity, p. 

JJJ.G jb bazigar an, \i. a tumbling-woman, 

^ijX) ;b bazigarnt, J an actress, p. 

»^j^.\b bazigari, f. the art of juggling, 

tumbling, &c. p. [banyd, a perfiuner. s. 

(^b '^^^ bas, f. smell, scent, odour, bds- 

(^jt*b ^m bds, 1m. abode, residence, lodg- 
U«»b ^JWbasa,j ing, temporary residence. 5. 
j_^b*»b ba-dsdni, with facility, easily, p. 

jjljLMjb bdstdn (in Persian), ancient, past: in 

the south of India it is used corruptly for h(fd az an, 
after, afterwards, p. d. 

Jx»j»\j '^J^ bdstu,s\ie or foundation of a house.s. 

,^XM*b mWS bdsath, sixty-two. h. 

y>,^-**»b mT[^^ bdsudev (j)roperly vdsudeva), 

name of Krishna, the son of Vasudeva. ». 

j**»b ^H< bdsar (for vdsar), m. a day. s. 

i^j***b hds7i or bdsuri, f. (v. hdnsri), a flute, 

pipe, &c. t. 
/iM*b bdsik, tall, lofty (palm-tree), a. 

90 ) ^b 

cdLwb ^i^cfr bdmk, "1 m. the name of the 


tS**»*b TRToB^ bdsukt,} serpent which sup- 

" ports the universe, and which was used as a string to 
whirl the mountain Mandar in churning the ocean for 
the amrit, &c. ». [(^Vena basilica), g. 

^jAah\j basaRk, f. the great vein in the arm 

(_^***»b inWift bdsmati, f. a fragrant kind of 
" rice, also of millet, h. [plate, dish, &c. h. 

(jmA} ^TH«T bdsan, m. a basin, goblet, pot, 

U**>b ^rRnn bdsnd or vasand, f. desire, incli- 
nation, s. 

lju*»b TWfTT bdsnd or ^RRT vdsand, a. to 

scent, to perfume, s. 

,<*>b mv^i bdsi, stale, fusty, perfumed, bdsi-k., 

"to make stale ; to vomit, h, 

,^>*»V>. TI^I bdsi or vast, an inhabitant ; (used 

"in comp.), as ban-bast, or vana-vdsi, inhabitant of the 
woods, s. [^ahirs. h. 

i^\xijj>\j '^ftrTjT*T bdsiydn, name of a tribe of 

{j^\> bash, stay, stop, be patient; (in comp.) 

it denotes being, staying, as shab-bash, stayuig for a 
night, p. 

Iwjb bdshdf m. a kind of falcon, a hawk, p* 

i^*a\i bdshad, it may be, perhaps, p. 

U^b TTUcfjTTTlT bdshgiyd, crops being 
choked and destroyed by weeds, h, 

8(XXM»b bdshanda,an inhabitant,a dweller, p, 

au*>b bdsha, m. a hawk (same as bdsha). p, 

^xi»b bdshln, a female falcon, p 

8-ob bdsira, sight, the sense of seeing, a. 

,Ji>b bdtil, false, vain; absurd, futile, igno- 
rant; abolished, a. 

i^\> bdtili, f. vanity, folly, absurdity, a. 

^^b batiriy m. the inward part, the heart; 

adj. internal, hidden, concealed, a. 
i^\i bdtint, intrinsic, internal, a. 

fjL^\> bd'is, cause, account, occasion, induce> 

ment ; author, producer ; prep, by means or by rea- 
son of. a. 

cb bd^, m. a garden, orchard, grove, bd^ 

sabz dikhdnd or -dikhland, to excite desire and ex- 
pectation by deceitful promises, bdglt-ba^-hona, oe 
hojdna, n. to be delighted, to rejoice greatly, p. 

Cj\s\> bdghdt, pI.gardens,grove8,orchardg. p. 

^jji^lp-b bdghdyati, fit for garden cultivation ; 
" f. fruit raised in a garden ; tax levied on gardens, k, 
^Uc-b bagh-bdn, m. a gardener, p. 

^Uc-b bagh-bdntf f. gardening, p. 

&^b bdgfjfiha, m. a small garden, orchard, 

&c. p. [tumour, a wen. p. 

SjP-b bdghira, m. an indolent swelling or 
(cXjLfi'b bdghshm, f. a walk in a garden, d 


( 91 ) 


fjj6i\i b agh -kari, f. garden cultivation, bu- 

"siness of a gardener, p. 

y\^\i bdffh-ivala,'\m.. a gardener, the owner 
^^^^b haghwan, J of a garden, p.h. 
l^b haghha, pi. gardens, orchards, p. 
j_^b haght, a mutineer, traitor, rebel, a. 
ei3^b haghtcha, a little garden (v. haghcha). p. 
u-ib haf, (in comp.) weaving or woven, ki- 

nari-haf, a weaver of lace, zari-haf, a gold-lace weaver ; 
a kind of cloth interwoven with gold. p. 

C^\> baft, web, weaving, tissue, texture, p. 

ilJb bafta, woven ; m. a kind of cloth ; a 
colour in pigeons; buttons woven like mohair; (in 
comp.) it denotes woven, wrought, as zar-iq/i^a, wrought 
in gold, embroidered, p. 

ia^b ba-ifrat, in abundance, copiously, p. a. 

SJJib bafanda or hafinda, a weaver, p. 

j5b bakir, abounding in wealth and know- 
ledge, one who is deeply learned, a. 

j_^U>-Jib bahir-khanl, f. a kind of bread or 
" cake mixed with butter and milk. Dr. Gilchrist sug- 
gests, in his Vocabulary, that this kind of cake took 
its name from some nobleman called Bakir-Jchdn, as 
our word sandwich is said to be so named after Lord 
Sandwich, a. 


,..,',, y m. a bean, a pea, a potherb, a. 
*wb bakila,) 

^b bdht, remnant, remainder, balance, ar- 

" rears; adj. permanent, durable, eternal, hakhddr, 
owing a balance ; a revenue defaulter, baii-rahnd, n. 
to remain, to be left, to be saved, a. [rears, a. 

Ob5b bakiyatj remainders, balances, ar- 

ciJb bakf m. fear, apprehension, p. 

ti)b ifTO bak or vah, m. language, dialect, 
speech ; in the language of revenue officers it is used 
to denote a verbal estimate of the produce without 
measuring the field. «. 

»j^b baliira, an unblemished virgin, a. 

jCjib «r|d|iO bahri, f. a cow advanced about 
five months in pregnancy (also a small buffalo), h. 

{jS^ Wrara bakas, m. a bush of which charcoal 
is made for the mannfactore of gunpowder {Justicia 
adhatoda). s. [bai:Ud). h. 

^b ^Fir^ bakla, m. a bean, a potherb (v. 

iijk^b "TRF^ bakand, a portion of the crop, 
about two-fifths, paid aa rent by the cultivators to the 
zaraindars. h. 

♦4^b ^TWl. bdkhar, \m. name of a drug 
J4^b ^^^ bakhal,) used as a ferment; a 

house, an inclosure } several houses contained withiu 
one inclosure ; an area or court-yard. A. 

sj^\j'^j^ bdky a {for vdky a), m. (in gram.) a 

sentence ; speech, a word. *. 
d/b ^TTT bag, f. a rein, a bridle, bdg-mornd, 
to turn the reins : it is applied to the drying up of the 
small-pox : when the pustules begin to blacken and 
dry up, they say iltla or mata ne hag moji. bag hath 
$e chhifna, the power of choice to be lost to any one. h. 

liA) bag (Dakh. for ^b), a tiger, bu^ ha 

pattha, a tiger's cub. [dress, h. 

ob ^sTTTT bdgd, m. a vestment} honorary 
jj<!)s^b ^TJRrt. bdgdor, f. a long rein with 

which horses are led. h. 
^b ^PK bdgar;m. a hedge of thorns or twigs; 
name of a tract of country belonging to the raj-puts. h. 

ij^b ^FT^ bdgri, a native of Bagar. h. 
A\i ^PTH bdgam, m. any cultivated spot. h. 
i^^b bdgnakh, the claws of a tiger set in 

silver and worn round the neck by a string as a charm 
against sundry evils. A kind of weapon made of steel, 
resembling huge claws, and fitting upon the hands. 
With this instrument tlie celebrated Sevajee, the Mah- 
ratta chief, is said to have murdered the Muhammadan 
governor of Bijapur, while embracing him under pre- 
tence of friendship. (Binning), d, 

^b m^ bdghy I m. a tiger, bdgh-bakri, f. 
^b ^rm bdghd,} tiger and goat, a kind of 

children's play, akin to our " fox and geese". ». 

jju^b ^Tn"^ bdghainbar,m. a tiger's skin. ». 

^J^^ m^^ baghm,) 
j^4^b ^TTft bag hi, f. a bubo, k, 
"J\i Wl'fi hdgi, a horseman, a rider, s. 
Jb ^T^ bdlf f. a girl not arrived at the age 

of maturity ; m. a child under five years old ; ad^. in- 
fantine, childish ; ignorant, uninstructed. *. 

Jb ^T^ bdh m. hair; a child, bal biha na 
ho,e (let not the hair be bent or disordered), a mode 
of inculcating extraordinary care, bal-bal, hair by 
hair, every hair, bal bdndht kauri mama, to shoot at, 
not to miss ; to act with great care, not to mistake, s. 

Jb bdl, m. a wing, bdl-ddr, winged, p. 

Jb ^^ bdl, f. an ear of corn ; a crack in a cup 
or glass ; m. the thread on which sugar is crystallized. 
bal-ddr, a cracked vessel (of china, glass, &c.). h. 

Jb ^ra bdlu, m. a drug commonly called 

ela-baluk s. 

Jb bdl, m. heart; power, a. 

^b bald, above, up ; m. top. bdld-baidnd, or 

-dena, a. to baulk, to circumvent, to dupe ; to put off, 
to disappoint, to prevaricate, bdla-bala, deceitfully, 
fraudulently; secretly, bald dast, superior, p. . 

^b ^^ bald, m. a kind of grub which eats 
the young plants of wheat or barley when about six 
inches high. h. 

^b ^T^ bald, f a girl not arrived at the 

age of maturity ; a medicinal and fragrant plant, of the 
roots of which tattts&Te maAe{A»dropagon muricatum), 
commonly called by Europeans "cus-cuss"; m. an 
earring ; a male child, a boy, bald clidnd, the new 
moon. s. [that laps over the thigh, p. 

jiih, bdldbar,m. part of the angarkhd (q.v.) 
liJo^b bdld-band, m. part of the native dress, 

a kind of turban ; a coat of a particular kind. p. 


( 92 

"il^^b '^^T^V^T hala-hhola, adj. innocent, 

artless, as a child ; ni. an artless child. *. h. 

fj^f^^i TT^iR bala-pcin, m. childhood, in- 
fancy ; also boyhood. ». 
(^ji^.'ilb bala-ponh, m. a coverlet, quilt, p. 
c-o^b ^T^mTTI baldtap, m. the rays of the 

rising sun. s. 

jl£j^b hi-l-ittifah, lit. by agreement, by 
chance, a. [(an estate, &c.). h. 

Jlv>-^b bi-l-ijmal, in the whole, in the lump 
iJJW^lb "^rr^n^t^ bala-chand, the new moon. «. 
^jli-^)b bald-Mflna, m. an upper room, an 

upper story, a balcony, p. 

C.AA«>ii^b bdla-dast, superior, high-handed, p. 
^il^^b bdla-gashti, an inspector of police, p. 

^!i)b bdUm, hairs of the head, the hair col- 
lectively, halait bhara, full of hair, bristly, d. 

^^jbSJ^b bdla-nishin, seated aloft, superior, p. 

C-«-0«^b bald past, above and below, i.e. 

the heavens above and the earth beneath, p. 
(_|^b bdld,t, 8. a horse led for show ; any 

extra tax ; adj. external, superficial, p. 

(-?>*(-?^V bdldyl maze (pi.), m. superficial or 

hollow pleasures, p. 
C*ib,^*^b bdld,t-ydft, f. perquisites, p. 
^-aijb bdl-bachcke, pi. children, s. p. 
-ijljjJb bi-l-bandn, with the tips of the fingers; 

"monstrari digitis." a. 

cL/»4J Jb ^55>ftiT bdl-bhog, m. an oflfering 
to Krishna, presented early in the morning, s. 

o Jb bdl-par, m. adoption of better habits ; 
hal par nikdlna, to turn over a new leaf; to flourish or 
prosper; to betray one's evil disposition, to begin 
wicked pranks, to show the cloven hoof. p. 

^^b bdl-pan,m. (v. &aZaptt«),childhood,&c. s. 

^yojii\i bi't-iasrihf distinctly, explicitly, a. 

JS^JV Wli^friS bdl-tor,in. a pimple, a sore. h. 

au^ • bi-l-jumla, in short, to conclude, a. 

JA>-Jb ^TT^TSfT bdl-chhar, f. the name of 
a inedicine or perfume, h. [happily, a. 

jdc'^ bil-hhair, in a good manner, well, 

C^\^b bi-z-zdt or hi-z-zdti, naturally, ori- 
ginally, bi-zatihi, in its nature or essence, a. 

—Mb ^TTigSTTiT bi 

ft^^b ^T55^^ 


\ bahiirya,) 

lapis lazuli, s. 

jjl. Jb ^ncJTT? bdl-rnud, f. a very young 
widow, or one who lost her husband when she was 
very yoiuig. s. 

jjSjb bdlish, m. a pillow, a cushion, p. 

) J^ 

<Jl*. "H j bdlisht, i. a span ; a pillow, p. 

Cmfjjj^\^ bi-z-zarurat (also hi-z-zarura), 
necessarily, perforce, a. 

(j«X*5b bi-Vaks, the reverse, us he bi-l'aks, 

the contrary to that. a. 
»b bdligh, m. a youth just arrived at the age 
of maturity ; adj. of age ; fem. bali^a, marriageable, a. 

(.,>i^b bi-l-farz, granted that, on the sup- 
position or condition that. a. 

Jj^fllb bi-l-Jil, in fact, actually; now, for the 
present moment ; in short ; in the mean time. a. 

lioflElb bi-l-kasd, on purpose, a. 

C-'yiJb bi-l'huwat, by the strength, or 
power of. a. [name of a drug (v. balu). s. 

uiDb '<Tl^e|i' bdlak, ra. a young child, bdluk, 

ojb ^Q5«!iT bdlkd or bdlakd, m. a young fol- 
lower or disciple of ajogi or sanyasl. s. 

v*5b ^^olTT bdluhd, f sand, gravel, s. 
v^KJb ^^ohNlj hdlukdgar, m. a sort of fish, s, 
j^eoJb ^l<g'<*W^ ftaZwAaway ,8andy,gravelly.«. 
^^^^b ^l^oKiiH bdlalipan, 1 m. childhood, 
^j^b '<Tlc^'ahMHI bdlahpand, > boyhood; in- 
Syk^b ^Ic^chrf bdlakatwa, J fancy, child- 
ishness, s. together. •. 
^Ji5b bi-l-Jmll (or bi-l-kulUya), totally, al- 

*i*Jb ^^clH^ bdlahiya, childish, infantine, a. 
Jb^Jb ^^'Jrtm<^ bdlgopdl, offspring, s. 
ad)b bi-lldh (or bi-lldhi), by God. bi-llahi- 

Pa^im, by the High God ! a. 
b ^\^ hdUim, m. a lover, or beloved per- 
son; a husband; a kind of cloth, balam khird, m. a 
sort of cucumber, in season in the raius (a variety of 
Cucumis sativus). h, [son), a. 

&*iai*5b bi-J-mukiaa, a kind of tenure, (v. Wil- 
bJb T^ToTin hdlnd, a. to light, to kindle (v. 

bartid). h. 

iXxJb ^T^»^ bdland, name of a tribe inha- 
biting the southern parts of MirxapBr, h. 
jXjJb hdlangu, a species of citron, p. 
;_^b ^if^jStO bdlint, f. the constellation as- 

" winl. s. 

^b Tl® bdlu, f. sand, gravel, s. 

JJjJb bdlu-burd, land covered with a depo- 
sit of sand after an inundation ; also, a remission of 
revenue on that account, s, p. 

Cli0^.^b ^T^H^'tlT hulopavtt, m. a child's 

sacrificial thread ; a cloth covering the privitiea (of 
children), v. 

i^j>-y>^> ^<3"«lO hdluchari, a kind of silk 
oloth manufactured in Baluchar, uear Murshidiibad. h. 


,> ( 

^SP'o hi-l-wafa, in truth, in reality, a. 
(^yl> ^^oF haluh, ui. a sort of poison. 5. 
jjl^ oflcjil 65^, f. a female-child; ear-ring 

worn in the ear, passing through the centre of it : it 
also signifies an ear of com. «. 

(jb TIqS^ haVi, m. name of a monkey, the 
"son of Indra, killed by Rama. s. 

^JdJb bdlidagl, f. vegetation, p. 

I!)y&»t>wx5b balida hond, n. to vegetate, p. h. 

jjtj3b ^i^l^l bdlish, m. pain in making wa- 
ter, from gravel, &c. t. 
^j^jJuJb bi-l-yaktn, assuredly, certainly, a. 
^^b bdlin, f. a pillow, a cushion, p. 
jjkJb H\v*\ bdlya, m. childhood, infancy, s. 
euuJb cl'Tc^ll bdleya, \ m. name 

Ci)Li>&ja)b ^c^^^lleh bdleyashdk,} of a plant 

Siphomanthus Indica). s. 

Jo ^fm bam, f. an eel {Ophidium simack, 
Btich.); m. the left (side); an enemy, t. 

Jo bam, m. an upper story, a terrace ; the 

morning dawn. p. 
Jo bam, m. a fathom, a measure of six feet, 

or three and a half cubits, d. 
»iX>yb ^IH^I bdm-ang, m. the left side. s. 

j^y^b -^Jtva bdmbht, '\^^ 

j^^^x«b Y|U4«il bambhnt, 

a\sJ^ bdmddd or bdmddddn, f. morning, 
dawn, Aurora ; adv. in the morning, p. 

j^b ^H'ff bdman (for vdmana), a dwarf, 
one of the incarnations of Vishnu, t. 

..yob bdman, "1 

^. ! ,_ , rm. a Brahman, a. 

,^A/ob bamanh,) 

(_W^e/*V ^T»?H^^ bdman-hatti, f. name of a 

"plant {Ovieda verticellata, Roxb.). h. 

^^^b '<4li^«f bdmhan, m. a Brahraan. «. 
jM*b ^1*5^ bdmhnl, f. a stye on the eye- 

" lids ; a species of lizard. A. 

j^^^b "STT^rft bdmhrii f. (for bdhmanV), the 
" wife of a Brahman ; name of a medicinal herb. s. 

jjb TPT ftan, f. temper, quality, manners; 

m. a rocket used in battle ; the boar or swell of the 
tide; a kind of rope made of munj. h. 

^Jo ^T»T bdn or vdn, ra. an arrow; the name 
of an asur, son of Raja Bali. «. 

^Jo bdn, m. name of a tree (Guilandina 

moringa), whose seeds are called '^hb-ul-hdn, bennut, 
or according to some, Bakain (Melia sempervirens) ; 
that which yields benjamin or benzoin (Styrax ben- 
xoe) ; a tree the leaves and flowers of which are sweet- 
scented, called by the Persians bed-mashk. p. 

9d ) 


f f a snake's hole. s. 

>f. a snake^s hole. h. 

^Jo bdn, keeper or guardian ; (used in comp.) 

as dar-bdn, a door-keeper, ba^-han, a gardener, p. 

bb TI*n band, m. habit, profession ; a kind 

of weapon ; fashion in dress, peculiar to individuals, 
or bodies taken individually (so regimentals may be 
called band); uniformity; the woof (in weaving); a 
veil, band bdndhnd, to be ready, to be determined. 
In the Dakhani dialect it denotes the basin or metal 
bucket of a pacotta, or lever for raising water, h. 

bb ^T«TT band, a. to open or spread out. h. 
Obb V^iT bdndU f. broad-cloth, h. 
(^ob W7«TTfrt bdndtt, woollen, made of 

broad-cloth, h. 

^^bb bdndn (v. bdydn), the left hand or side. s. 

c-A)b ^rt^ bdmb, m. (also bdmb-andhu,d), an 

eel, snake (see bam), h. 
bjj^jb ^jb ^^tcF bdn bdn-k., to prate idly, 

to tattle foolishly, h. 
^^^b "^jVTtft bdmbhntf" 
^ji^b '^iw^ bd7nbha,t, 
^Ij^^ i^rt»rt bdmbht, ^ 

,4A*<»^.^b ^rTHW bdna-prasth, m. the state 

of an anchorite or hermit (see asram). «. 

ciLob ^z bant, m. share, distribution ; a 

weight (i. e. the standard by which things are 
weighed) ; food given to a cow while milking her. s, 

bob ^TCT bdntd, m. portion, share, s. 

cLOj>-tiLob "^Z^^tzbdnt-chont, share, distri- 
bution, s. 
bubb irtT«n bdntnd, share, to distribute, 

U^b ^tZ^^Hththnd,) to divide, participate, 

dispose of. Also bdAt-lend, the same, s, 
j^b ^IIT bdhjar, (land) lying waste or 

fallow, h. 

»4f^b ^t*^ bdnjh (Dakh. bdnj), barren (ap- 
plicable to females, also to land or soil, s, 
s^o ^TftSTiT bdnijya, m. trade, commerce, 

merchandise. *. 

b;^'b ^^«n bd/ichnd, a. to read ; m. Dakh. 

bdnchnd (for bachnd) ; n. to escape, to be saved. *. 

l^*b ^\'^\ bdnchhd, f. wish, desire, s. 
(Jl^^.-tf'b Wlf^ bdnckhit, desired, longed for. 8. 
\d^)\^ Vfn^l bdnddf the name of a place in 

Bandel-khand. A. 

^iS^b "^jt^bdndd (forba7idd),xn. kind of plant 
which grows on trees {epidendrum, particularly testel- 
latum, Roxb.). «. 

j\i^iJ^ ?T*T^ TC bdn-ddr, a rocket-thrower, h.p. 
j^b ^T^ bandar, ") m. (for bandar), an 
d,) ape, 

^t>3b VThSJJ bandrd, 

a monkey, s. 

t^tiJb ^rT^Trit bdndarnif'yf. a female ape or 

t^iiJb ^If^lii bdndri, J monkey. 


biijb bandnd (for handhna), a. to tie, to 

stop, &c. s. [finement, imprisonment, s. 

/Jfciiob ^tv bandh, m. an embankment ; con- 

j^^yOiJbjJb ^V^pftlft feattf^Aa/^o^i, name of a 

tribe inhabiting part of Bandel-khand. h. 
■UfciiJb ^hnn handhna, a. to tie ; to shut ; to 

stop water, to embank ; to bind, to fasten ; to invent, 
to contrive, to stop, to pack, to aim, to build, to put, 
to settle .V. 

ySbS>\> '^fr3p{l)andhnu, m. a mode of dyeing, 

in which the cloth is tied in different places to pre- 
vent the parts tied from receiving the dye ; slander, 
plot, plan ; a kind of silk cloth ; a kind of parrot h. 

ybtiJb Wtv^ handhav, m. a relative, a kins- 
man, a friend, s. 

(^j3L» ^ift^ handl, f. a female slave, bdndi 

ka beta, obedient, submissive. In the Dakhani dia- 
lect, iandi-ftarfaw, " slave girls and utensils," the im- 
pediments, appropriately so called, of an army on 
march ; the families, baggage, &c. of the Sipabis. /*. 

\3Jb ^TT bdndd, m. a bird without tail ; 

a serpent which has lost its tail ; adj. tail-less, docked, s, 

j^job "^TSi bdndi, f. a cudgel; a kind of 

dress; misfortune, calamity, h. 

j>b "Wmt bdnar (for vdnar), m. a monkey, s. 
(j**>b '^^ bdns, m. a bamboo; a measure of 

about ten feet, used to measure tanks, ditches, or 
excavations in general (a cube of one bans is called a 
chaiika). bans par charhna, n. to be branded with 
infamy, s. 

L«3b ^t^ bdnsd, m. the bridge of the nose; 

the channel through which the seeds descend in a 
drilling-machine, h. 

y^^^j<*>b ^TOXrIr bdns-phor, m. the name of 
a caste who work or deal in bamboos, t. 

fife, pipe J 

of noxious 

M^eed in arable land ; 

a purse; adj. made 
"of bamboo. 
ijiJbb '^X^ bdnk, f. an ornament (half-circle) 

worn on the arms ; a kind of dagger having a curved 
blade ; an exercise with the dagger ; a settee, h. 

liljb ^oF bdnfi, m. a crook, curvature, bend- 
ing ; a reach or turning of a river ; fault, offence, 
wickedness, s. 

K3b ^^T bdnkd, m. a fop, a beau, a coxcomb; 

a buck, a bravo, a bully ; a bent trumpet or bugle ; t. 
name of a river ; adj. crooked, foppish. /*. 

jj»-\^b ^fsRT^^ bdnkd-chur, m. a fop, cox- 
comb, &c. h. 
\jL)(jibb ^loFTjp bdnk-pattd, m. a kind of 

fencing with (wootlen) dagger and cutlass. A. 

^j^.uLbb "^toK^»T bank-pan, m. foppishness j 
debauchery ; disorderly conduct, h. 

94 ) 


t/^*«Jb ^'mi!t bdnsri, 1 f . a flute, 
t«j*«jb "TTTT^ bdnsuri, I a kind 
,J-*^b ^TO^Jt bdnsti, 
j]^b ^^ bdnsi, 

li^b bang, f. sound, voice, cry ; the voice 

of the viu,azzin calling Muh^ammadans to prayer; the 
crowing of a cock, bang-mamd, a. to cry out, to calL 
bans-dena (or in Pers. -barddshtan, or -dddan), a. to call 
Mu^ammadans to prayer, bangi fublf, the call to morn- 
ing prayer, bdngi namdx, the call to prayers in ge- 
neral, p. 

^3b '^^^U bdngd, m. raw cotton (v. bdngd). h, 

»^b ^JR bdngar, m. high ground or up- 
lands, h. 

&xJb bdnga, rii. a species of cotton produced 
exclusively in the Dacca district, and indispensably ne- 
cessary, though not otherwise of superior quality, to 
form the stripes of some of the finest kinds of mus- 
lin, p. 

ij^^ ^Tsprt bdngif f. a pattern, muster, h. 

yb bdnu, f. a lady, a woman of rank. p. 

lyb ^TrTOT bdnuyd, m. the name of a water- 
bird, h. 
(jlyb TTRT bdnmdn, the left hand or side. s. 

kind of cloth, k. 

Lwyb ^TtTHT bdnusd, m."l 

Ij4»»yb ^"rfft bdnusi, f.J 

c/y b ^TRa bdnawme or bdnaroe, ninety-two. k, 

^b ^^ hdhh, f. the arm from the shoulder 

to the elbow; guarantee, protector, or security (as 
when a person trusts himself in the power of an ene- 
my, a third person being his bdnh, who engages to 
return him to his house or fort in security), bank- 
ball, strong in the arm. bdnh pakapid or eaknd, a. to 
protect. bdAh dend, a. to assist (see bdzu dena). 6aiiA 
mna, to be destitute of friends or protectors. 1. 

eob bdna (for bdnd), m. dress, uniform, &c. 9. 

^\jL^b ^if^ilf bdnhiydn, m. a patron, s. 

j^b bdni, a builder, an architect, a composer, 

" author, founder, a. 

fj\> ^}ift bdnl, f. the price paid for a work; 

a fabric or manufacture ; ashes ; the name of a yellow 
earth with which potters sometimes ornament their 
vessels ; the thread with which cloth is woven ; a weight 
equal to 80 rupees, h. 

ij\> ^Tsft bdnl, f. speech, language; name 
** of the goddess of eloquence, i^arotwo/t. a. 

^3y^b in^fW^ bdnlbotii, f. the price of 
" weaving, h. 

J9^j\> bdnt-kdr, an architect ; a composer, an 
author, beginner t an Instigator, p. 

itfjDj^b bdni-kdrt, f. architecture ; compo- 
sition ; commencing a business ; instigation, p, 

jb ^TWt bd,o, f. wind. bd,o sarnd, n. to be 

discharged backwards (wind). bd,o bdndhnd, to prevail 
over an adversary by flattery or invective without ar- 
gument. ha,o-khdm, to live in pleasure and enjoyment ; 
to court one's inspirations; to protract a miserable 
existence, s. 

•b ^TO^ bd,o or ^T^ bdv, f. the pox, a bubo. h. 

Ijb Wnr bdmd (v. haba)y father, bdma-jdnf 

dcai latiier. d. 



^Ijb ^m\ barvan, the left hand or side. *. 
0*»^jV <4l«n<4rim ba,o-batas, f. calamity, 

misfortune, particularly such as is believed to result 
from the evil influence of a demon (see astb). h. 

u^^ lJj^j^ ba,o bhari-khal, of no intrinsic 
value ; lit. a skin full of wind, d, 

tii^jb <Jll'4rl>Toi! ba.o-bhahj ^a prattler, tri- 


til^^-jb ^^"tvRoir ba,o-jhak,J fling talker, h. 
bjb ^RHT ba,otd,^ m. a fkg or banner j a 
ujb ^T^T ba,ota,j sail ; a sort of armlet 

worn by women, s, 

tJ^jb ba-wujud, notwithstanding, ba-wu- 

judi-anki, notwithstanding that. p. 
jjb barvar,Tn. belief, faith, confidence, truth, 

credit ; adj. true, credible, bdwar-k., to credit, ba- 
war-li., to be credible, p. 

jjb «rRTl bawar, m. a kind of sweetmeats, k. 
|.jb ^"tlU bdjOra or bdroard, mad, crazy, s. 
t^j^ bdwarchin, If. a cookmaid or female 
jX>-j .b bdwarchim,) cook. ^ /t. 
^.>-j.b bdmarchi, m. a cook, bawarchi- 

"Jchana, m. a kitchen, cook-house. " This word seems to 
be one of those old Persian or Turkish terms, of which 
several are now preserved in the Hindustani, which 
are no longer used by or known to the Turks and 
Persians. The term implies " confidential person," as 
a cook unquestionably should be, particularly in the 
East, where life is so frequently attempted by poison." 
(Binning), t. [art. t, p. 

jtfjTxs-jjb bdwarcKigari, f. the culinary 

^c.jb mvsTlO bd,07-t, name of a tribe of va- 
grants to the west of Delhi, h. 

ijr.jb ^T^ ba,ori, \ 

^^-', . ft. a well, pit. d. 

4^-jb 41^141 ba,ori,J 

jLfcrt.b ^rr^ff^S bd,o-sul, m. the cholic. s. 

i_a<fl. b bd-masf, yet, notwithstanding, p. a. 

\d.b hd-wafd, faithful, trusty, p. a. 

cL^b ^^T bdmag, m. seed-time (same as 

ba.oni). h. [tulency. s. 

^^jb ^T^'fl^T bd,o-gold, m. the cholic ; fla- 
^jb TR^ ha,old or bdwald, mad, crazy, s. 

^jb «rT^^1 bd,oU^ f. a large well into which 

"people descend to get water; the drag (thing or ani- 
mal) with which hawks, dogs, &c., are taught to hunt ; 
a trick. bd,oli dena, a. to initiate, h, 

Vljjjb ^T^^«n bd,olend, m. the name of a 

defect in horses, h. 

jojU '^T^ bciwan (for vdmana), dwarfish, 

diminutive ; m. the fifth incarnation of Vishnu, s. 
^^jb ^T^^ ban-an, fifty-two. /*. ^lawan). s. 
b.b ^T^»n bd,ond or bawand, dwarfish (see 
^jjb ^^ftti^ bdfOnlf f. seed-time, sowing. A. 

95 ) ^^b 

»b ^T? bdhu or ^T? bdh, f. an arm. «. 
sb bdh, f. virility, manhood ; coitus, p, 
Vfcb '^^T bdhd, a water-course, channel, h. 
w»^^Ai»b '^T?>TRT bdhu-bhushd, f. an armlet, 

an ornament worn round the upper arm. s. 

Jfcb Tr^»r bdhuj, m. sesamum growing wild 

or spontaneously, s. 

ItJJfcb WTfT^T bdhudd, f. the name of a river 

said to rise in the Himalaya mountains : probably the 
modern Behut, the classical Hydaspes. s. 

jSb\j ofl^C bdha?' or ^if^ bdhir, without^ 

foreign, s. 
^b bdhir, superior, excellent; open, public, a. 

U&b ini^ bdhard or bdhara, the man who 

stands at the well to upset the water from the leathern 
bucket or charas, q. v. h. 

oysb bdhir-hd, from without, strange, bdhir- 

ka salf.ib ay a, Jchabardijo; "a strange gentleman is 
arrived, give notice ;" an exclamation used by the 
darwans or gatekeepers in Calcutta on the arrival of 
a stranger, to give notice to the family within. In my 
time the above sentence was pronounced (by the non- 
reading gentry), " Barker sawb aya, cover the Jew !" *. 

8yJ&b ^iP^v^ bdhirah, m. the left side (in 

sword exercise, &c.). s. 

(jTjJ&b WT^rt bdharl, a foreigner, a stranger j 

outward, s. 

bij&b TTT^ bdhulyd, m. 'I plenty, abun- 

buAjbb ^reyiiff bahulyatd, f.J dance, quan- 
tity, s. [one with another, p. 
^b ia/fa?n,together,mutually. bd-ham-dlgar, 
(M*i^b ^T1I"»I bdhman, a Brahman. «. 
'^x.»Jtib ^I^'tT'^j^l bdhman-hatii, f. name of 

"a plant {Ovieda verticellata). s. 

^J^^. ^T?r«(t bdhviarii, wife of a Brahman ; 

"a Brahmaness; adj. of or relating to a Brahman. 
hdhmani badakh, the chakwa or Brahmany duck. 
bdhmani cliil, the Brahmany kite, v. garuf. s. 

bju^b ^rr^RTT bdhmanetd, son of a Brah- 
man ; a young Brahman, s. 
J^fcb ^T?H155 bdhu-mul, m. the armpit. s» 
^b "^TfTT hdhan, m. a carriage, s. 
^b ^^*T bdhan, m. fallow land (root of 

bdhn&y h. 

bfcb Tr?«n bdhnd, a. to plough, to till ; to 

shoot or discharge a weapon ; to comb the hair. h. 

JfciiJsb ^?^ bdhu-yuddh, m. close fight, 

personal struggle ; boxing, wrestling, s. 

f_j b ^T^ bd,l, f. mistress, lady (among Mah- 

rattas) ; a dancing-girl. bd,i-ji, the mother bawd ; the 
old abbess ; " la bonne." h. 

i^jb «n^ bd,e or "^T^ bd,t, f. flatulency ; rheu- 
matism. ba,i paclml, to be mortified, to be depressed, 
to die away, bd.i men bharakna, to prate foolishlj- 
ba,i $ttr7M (see ba,o tarnd). t. 


( 96 ) 


j»jl>b ^rof bayan, left (not right) ; m. the 
bass part in music, the bass sound (particularly of 
the tabla, dholak, and palchdwaj, which are played upon 
by the left hand), bat/dn pdnw pujna, to acknowledge 
the cunning of an artful person, s. 

t_>ob ^Tiim hayah, apurt, separate, strange, 

distinct, yih hat hdyab hai, this is another thing ; this 
is a horse of another colour, h. [quarter, h. 

v^b "^TTT^ bayah or fea,?i, m. the north-west 
^^■^j>.{j^, ^TT^ffVtT ba,e-birang, ra. name of 

a medicinal seed. s. 

i^\> bayad, it is fit, or necessary, hayad- 

shayad, as it should be. p. 

(j-^.^ WT^^ bUfis, twenty-two. h. 
«wi*«J'b bdyista, that which is becoming or re- 
quisite, necessary, p. 
^M-j>b sH^U*) baftsl, f. the royal army, be- 

" cause composed of the troops of the twenty-two snbas 
or provinces then constituting the Mogul empire ; a 
command of 22,000 men. ba,tsi tutna, to attack with 
one's whole lorce. h, 

«^b ba,i' or bdyi\ a seller, a merchant, a. 

Kjib bd,lkd, ^ 

^;b ba-lku,} 

^^(_^b Tr^'ftc5T&a,e-^o?a,m. (see &a,o-^oZa). A 

^b ?Tir«T bdyan, in. sweetmeat, &o., which 

is distributed to friends in marriage feasts, or in com- 
memoration of a success, s, 

^^.b bd,in (v. ba,oli), a large well. d. 
jj^b bd-in, along with this, although, p. 
jxnj ^^«l^ bd,ini, f. a basket in which 

*(inakes are carried about for show. h. 
V^,b ^rf^T bd,1hd, m. rheumatism, h. 

iU^ f^^^ bibdd (for vivdd), m. quarrel, 
contest, h. 

5\jJ ba-bdd, lit. to the wind, cast away. p. 

(^ii\^ f^rm^ bibddi (for vivddV), a disputant, 

plaintiff, s. [marriage. *. 

i\x> Pt(<4l^ bibdh (for vivdh), m. matrimony, 

jX> "^^X babar, m. one who crops the manes of 
horses, h. 

jk> babar, m. n lion, a tiger, bi-bar (imper. 

of burdan), bear or carry thou. p. 

tyTji^ bdbarji, ^m. {^or bdmarcht), a cook; 

a woman, a wife. d. 


tj^ji^ babarchty) so babarji-khanaf a cook- 
" house or kitchen, p. [dlBseneion. h, 

gf^jL^\jX> Mm.\^(\ babrd-kheri, f. quarrelling, 
^ JO r«<«(*.<!I bibaran (for vivaran), m. intCN 

pretation, explanation. ». [colour. «. 

^^jX> f'B[^^ bibnrn (for vivamd), faded in 

'o_j .JO ^^T^ITT babrutd, m. a clown, lout, 
bumpkin, a clumsy youug man. h. 

{jj*^ V^O babri, f. cropped hair, tresses; 
the act of cropping (particularly the manes of hones).^. 

(jji^ babari, leonine or tigerish j caniue, 

savage, p. 

iSj*^ 'hmk] baburi,') f. the name of a tree of 

j^xi ^^ babui; >the mimosa kind. (There 

Jy-J ^^i^' babul, J are several species : the 

commonest is the Arabica, Rox.) ; the acacia tree. The 
habul produces also a valuable gum, and its bark, 
being a powerful astringent, is used in tanning by 
chamdrs, q. v. s. [of fondness, h. 

\^ ^R^ babuwd, m. a child, ti boy (a term 

j^JO "^ii babhrv, large, great, tawny, &c. j 

bald-headed through disease; m. a large ichneumon: 
the name of a sage ; a tawny or brown colour. ». 

\^S^) '^>^'^^ bubhukshd, f. hunger, s. 

C^M.V(^x? W^rf^ bubhukshitf hungry, s. 

i^ "^vfift babhrii, f. (see bdmhnt), a stye 

" on the eyelids, a lizard, h. 

^^ f^^[^ bibharv (for vibhav), m. substance, 

wealth ; power, grandeur, s, 

^.jO ^ babai, m. the seed of a sweet-scented 
"herb {Ocymum pilosum, Roxb.) ; name of a bird. ». 
cf? ^3^ babbif f. a kiss. k. 

^«-jJ0 ej^fft babesi, f. the piles. A. 

buwjuo ^^ftl^ babesiyd or bawesiyd, talking 

nonsense ; m. a catamite, h. 
udujo 04 ^'c|! bibek, m. 1 discrimination,di9- 
Uiouo f%^'aF!?ITfti!6eAfl<a, f.J creti on, sense. »• 
jiouo r«j^oKi bibekl, discreet, prudent, s. 

V>^\x> ^Tn^t«n fta^m /jona, to be raised, esta- 
blished, pitched, h. 
Cl.',:^ btipf or bapat, hidden, secret, d. 

C>-^ f^^nt bipat, ] . 

^' _ . If. calamity, misfortune, 

CL^ f^-qrw bipattt, y • ,• n 

*•• danger, mischief, s. 

\j^> fkVin bipia, J 

JO f^ &//W (for vipra), a man of the sacer- 
dotal caste, a Brahman, s. 
Lo W^tl bapurd, helpless, distressed, k. 

bjo ftr'l^'TT biparnd, a. to attack, to assault. A. 

L1a> o^ HmOri bi-pnrtt, contrary, opposite ; 
f. mischief, ruin. s. 

^y*> fwn<^' A/poZ, m. a measure of time, a se- 
cond, or (as some say) one-sixth of a second, t. 

^jJuJ> 1^^ bapans, m. patrimony, a father's 

share. .». 

,j^y^ W^ftlrt bapautx or bapotl, f. paternal 

" estate, patrimony, heritage, h. [bath. s. 

tjl^ inRIx:! baphdrd, m. vapour, vapour- 
bj^ r«T^C«TT biphai'vd, n. to be perversa 

refractory, cross, irritated, obstinate, pert. $. 


( »7 ) 

. / 


^_g.^ ■«> f^ hiphai (for vrikaspati), m. 
■■ Thursday. A. 

(XJlO ^^fl^ bapaid, f. paternal estate. " «. 

do fmtbit orf%W Jei< (for vitt), m. wealth, 

substance, ability, power, means, s. 
CLo ^nr but, m. a hazard table : a blow with 

the fist. h. 
do but, m. an idol (hence, figuratively, a 

beloved woman; a darling), but-parast, an idolater 
but-parasti, idolatry, but-tardsh, a maker of idols, p- 

d^ bat, m. a line drawn to distinguish se- 
parate names in a catalogue, or articles in an account, p. 

d*^ "^bat, m. the worm which is so destruc- 
tive to shipping (Teredo) ; contraction of bat, a word 
(used in composition), as bat-bdhari, external, foreign. 
bat-bafhafi, m. prolixity, talkativeness, chicanery, 
wranp;le. bat-band, an orator, a sophist, bat-kahdo, 
m. talk, conversation. Contraction of bdt, wind, used 
in composition, as bat-sonhd-k,, a. to ventilate, h. 

Kx> fWT bitta, m. a span, a hand's breadth, h. 

Ij^ '^^ butta, m. overreaching, fraud, trick, 

take in. buttd-dend, to overreach, h. 

\Jo Wi(T bata, m. a bamboo lath ; a thin slip 

of bamboo ; an obloi^ stone on which powders are 
levigated, h. 

i>jVlO ^(<K.<{ butarad, a name given to an extra 

cess upon the cultivator, h. 
(__)»*\jj •s(if|9 baias, f. wind, air. batas-phem, 

L a kind of sweetmeats, sugarcakes. s. 
Urtljo Wr?n or WiT^n batasa, m. a kind of 

sweetmeats, sugarcakes (of a spongy texture, q d. filled 
with air) ; a bubble filled with water, h. 

UjIjj batasha, m. (see batasa), a. bubble,&c. h. 
^J^1> ' ^Am baton, place of assemblage of 

cattle at night in an open field, h. 
\j\jj ^nitlT batdna, a. to point, to shew, to 

explain, to teach ; to appear ; m. an upper turban ; a 
small bracelet of metal, h. 

^\jj f^fn*{\hitdnd, pass (time), to spend, s. 

\j\l> TefT«TT butdnd, 1 

\J,ljL> ^(n^»n buta,ond,j ' 

^xx>^j\jj hatawl mmftw, m. the shaddock, h. 

ajli^ but-khana, an idol temple, p. 

Si WfR batar, land in a state fit for the 
plough, h. 

Jo batar or battar, worse, very bad (con- 
tracted from bad-tar), p 
Jx> batar, curtailed (animal) ; destitute of 
good qualities (see abtar). a. 

^^\Jb fw^^^ bilrd-bandi (v. bila-bandi), 

a kind of settlement, h. 
{^\Jy> but-tardsh, an idol-maker, a statuary .|?. 
liljj^ TcTTRT batrdnd, a. to converse, talk. s. 

a. to extinsfuish. h. 

j^jjo fViKiU bitaran (for vitarari), m. giving 
charity, alms, a donation, s. 

IJJo ftnrnn bUamd, a. to bestow, to grant, s. 

L«JO Hfifll batsd, ra. a kind of rice. k. 

J--J^ <s|rMc2& batsal (for vatsal), kind,loving. s. 

CdJa ^Tr«F baiak, f. (v. ^.iUa^), a duck. p. 

idXb but-kada, an idol temple, a pagoda, p. 

j5oJ <4A^i batakhar, loquacious, talkative, h, 

l^ioJ "^oR^ bat-kahd, loquacious, conver- 

sible. h. 
jl^JO ? rfol i f t^ bat-kahd,o, m. \ loquacity, 
,-^50 ^TToF^ bat-kafii, f. J conversi- 

" bleness, discourse, dialogues, h, 
\3^)ob ^riT^T«TT batldnd, a. to shew, to explain, 

to point out, to teach, to inform, h 
JhJjbittam-bittam, bit by bit, gradually, d. 
UjJ f^TRT bitnd (see blind), n. to pass,elapse. «. 
j^iuo ba-tang, lit. in straltness. ba-tang and 

or /«o?ja, to be in great distress, p. [dung. h. 

l.yo f^^T bitaurd, m. a heap of dried cow- 
^JJ^i ^^ batauri, f. a flatulent or oede- 

matous swelling, h. 

jjr yb ?lTTt baturl, f. a species of c^ana 
"(q. V.) ; a. small kind of grain, h. 
(jjyi^ ^nfrta 6a<o»*a«,l gathering or collect- 
^^)yo ^rf^^^ batolan,) ing the grain in the 

time of harvest, h. [a nnn. a. 

Jyj 6a<M^, f. a virgin averse to matrimony, 
Jyj Tift^ fta^oZi, f. buffoonery, h. 
jjyo ^fTsft batuni, a tattler, an idle talker. A. 
^^yj ^7r^t«T batwon, the preparation of land 

for the reception of the seed, h, 

l^ f^Tzn ii^/m, f. pain ; aflBiction. s. 

13 AajJ fT^T»TI bithdrnd, a, to cause to scat- 
ter, to cause to sprinkle, h. 
j_j-.l^jo f^m^ hithdri, f cleansing the warp. A. 
li^^Ajb f^^rCT*TT bithrdnd, a. to scatter, to 

sprinkle. //. 

UjAJo f^^TT bitharnd, or f?^"sn bithumd, 

n. to be scattered, to be sprinkled, h. 
\5Ajj ? V|^ T bathu,d, m. name of a kind of 

greens ( Chenopodium album) ; also a kind of weed which 
grows with the spring crops in the vicinity of water, h. 

Ia^ ^ftnn bathiyd, a heap of dried cow- 
dung, h, 
j> ^ bati, f. a word, speech. «. 

^ f(^ hattt, f. a candle; a wick; a match ; 

' a tent or bougie ; a stick (of sealing-wax). »• 

^ butti, f. provision for a journey, buttl 

lekar chaudhtr dhundna, to go in earnest search (of any 
thing), d. ' [high. h. 

,juu fwfwn bittiya, m. a dwarf, i.e. a span 
liL::^ ^rnrnrr batiyana, a. to speak, to talk, 

to say, to converse, h. 

JL>>x)^ fWrrtff hitlt, passed, gone, elapsed, s. 
j»AjJ ^T^Nr battls, thirty-two. h. 

l«*AJo ^i^^^ battisa, m. a medicine composed 

of thirty-two ingredients, usually given to mares after 
foaling, h, 

,<-*xJO W^^ hatthl, f. any aggregate, con- 

"sistingof thirty -two parts, hence, a set of teeth, hattisi, 
dikhana, a. to shew the teeth, to laugh ; to scoff or 
make faces at any one. h. 

\JLk> "^Z bat, m. name of a tree (Ficuslndica) ; 

a single caufi, s. 

vilo '^Z bat, m. tripe; twist; a wrinkle or 

fold of the abdomen ; (in comp.) contracted for &a.<, a 
road, as hai-paf, a highwayman. In Dakh. a weight 
made of metal or hard stone to weigh with (v. haf- 
khara). h. 

dLJ ^rz bat, m. \a. partition, division : in 

^J^JJ'^ZT%bata,^,f.i revenue language, di- 

"^ision of the crop between the cultivator and zamln- 
dar. batd,l-ddr, a cultivator who shares his crop with 
tne zamlndar. h. 

Jj Wf^ batta, m. deficiency ; exchange or dis- 
count ; defect,blemi8h, injury, offence ; a ball (of wood 
or stone) ; a box in which gems are kept, bafte-baz, a 
juggler, a trickster. haUe-haxi, f. juggling, trickery, 
Rsbterfuge. haf,ta dhdr and batta dhal, level, even, h, 

\h "^ZTK batar, name of a tribe of Gujars, 
q, V. h. [lusion, &c. (v. satta-batta). k. 

\1m\jJ batia-satta, m. a kind of armour, col- 
our ?mjw{[ bitana, a. to scatter, to sprinkle, h. 
\j\jj batana,\m. a pea, called in \J rdu, matar 
sj\jb batana,) (q. v.). d. 
5\i^ "^ZT^batdjU, m. a traveller ; (in Dakh.) 

a highwayman. *. [ropes, &c. (v. bat), h, 

^^\h mT^ bata,i, f. hire paid for twisting 
^ .'i< fsfZ^ bitap, a tree, a twig. s. 
jOcLo ^iMK batpdr,'\m. highwayman, vil- 
j\jJLi> 'WZ^n^ batpar,) lain, footpad, h. 
jCjbiJLo 'TimO batparl, "1 f. highway rob- 
j^-bcL*^ ^"TT^T^ bat-pan,) bing. h. 
d> battakh, m. a duck (v. tildi^). h. 

Vipb ITTTT batuma, to be collected together, h. 
4<jb '^Z^'hatri, f. a small cup. h. 

C 98 ) ^ 

]j^^ ^2r^TT batkhara, m. a weight to weigh 

with (also written batkara or batkhara). h. 

^^JJo i^39Hl!T bit-lavan, m. a kind of medi- 
cinal salt. s. 

^_^^J^ TT^^ batlohl, or batlo,i, f. a brass 

vessel in which Hindus dress their food. h. 

jWJ^ ^TTR hat-mar, a highwayman, hat- 
mdri, highway robbery, h. [pulse. «. 

{^jti[^ f^TTra bitmas, m. a coarse species of 

\f^^ '^Z^^T^ bat-mogrd, m. the double jas- 
mine {Jasminum ztrniba), h. 

^j^ T7«TT bafnd, a. to twist, to form by con- 
volution (as ropes); to divide, share; to gain, make 
profit ; n. to be divided, to be twisted ; m. an instru- 
ment with which ropes are twisted, h. 

^Ji>-0 ^Tf»nn bataniyd, m. proprietor of a bat, 

a shareholder, h. 
\jjj 'WZ^ batUfd or batrvd, m. a purse, a small 

bag, generally used for holding betel-nut, &c. ; a braas 
vessel in wich Hindus dress their food, h, 

\jjb iV{<ll bitwd, m. a son. h. 

\yj> ^mxt. batwdr (also batrval), a tax ga- 
therer who collects a tax levied in kind ; a customs or 
police officer stationed on the road for collecting 
transit duties, h. 

tjl^ ^TT^KT batrvdi'd, m. a share, the parti- 
tion or division of lands, division of a crop in shares, h, 

\3l^ if^^THl batwdnd, a. to cause to twist, 

fcc. h. [resort, h. 

j^ 'H^K bator, m. a gathering, a crowd, a 

\j^ f^^TT bitaurd, m. a heap of the cakes 

of dried cow-dung. h. 

{^jy*^ ^7li.«T batoran, gathering or heaping 

grain in one place at the time of harvest, h. 

13,^ ^Trt^ batornd, a. to gather up, to col- 
lect, to purse, to accumulate (in Dakh. bafobia). h. 
ijjyy^, f^^T^ bitanri, f. a tax on shopkeepers 

&c. in a village, h. [&c. d. 

^Jjjb batolan (v. batoran), gathering grain, 
Xiyh f^7t*TT hitond, a. to scatter, to sprinkle ; 

ra. a son (see bitwd). h. 

^y^ "^Zt^hatohtfin. a traveller, wayfarer, x. 
*i>. ^ batta, an extraordinary allowance 

paid the military when on field duty. Also, the agio 
allowance, or rate of expenditure, between rupees of 
different species, h. 

^A^ ^f3T«l bathdn, pasture grounds, h. 

UIajO f iT J i q T bithdnd, n. to cause to sit down, 

to set, settle, h. 
tiUjb f^T^ bithak, m. an ant hill. h. 

U^La5j f^7^«n bithldnd, to cause to be seat- 
ed, to make one sit down. h. 
\r^h wfr'TT bithnd, n. (for baithnd), to sit. h. 


( 99 ) 


^>4j^ ^3«II bathna, n. to enter: (in Dakh.) 
to be twisted, plaited, or woven together, as ropes, h. 

^j^jU WSW[ bathu,a or bathuwa, a kind of 

herb, h 

^A^ ^T^ batha,t, f. the art of making gold 

'thread, also bata.i. h, [spirits, h. 

cJ^ "W^ batti, f. a candle; a still for distilling 
XAJ i^f?^ bitiya, f. a daughter, .f. 
yb "^3X11 batya, f, a silken cord adorned with 

three fringes, which women use to tie their hair be- 
hind, h. [alley ; a small measure of weight, h. 

JuO ■^fym bathja, f. a narrow passage, an 
.b|__jb ^^nr batte-bdz, m. a juggler, batte- 

hazi, f. performance of a juggler, slight of hand. h.p. 
.V^ 'WTT better, m. f. a kind of quail (^Perdix 
olivacea, Buch). s. 

vuxjO "^rznt bates, m. a passage, pathway, h. 
AJijjub "^f^^ batenih, m. the proprietor or 

holder of a share J^same as bafaniyd). h. 

,^ ba-ja, in place, all right, proper, true, ac- 
curate, becoming, fit. p. 
.^^ fq jf R bijar, m. a bull, a stallion, h. 

jJUj T5n«l« bajak, m. a kind of serpent, k. 

^\j*: f%»TT55T bijald, seedy, turned to seed, 
abounding in seed. $, 

IS^li? ? »tltj^R T ba-jd-ldnd (in Pers. ba-jd 
awar'dan,), a. to perform, to obey, to execute, to ac- 
complish, p. h. 

^Jjfi ba-jdn, to the heart, soul, or life, ba-jdn 

amadan, to be in imminent danger or disti«8S. ba-jdn 
ranjldan, to be vexed to the soul. p. 

\JUi ^WRT bajdnd, a. to sound, to play upon 

an instrument of music ; to perform, to execute, h. 

\Jl5i bujdnd (for bujfidnd q. v.), to extin- 
guish, &c. h. 
^^\^ ba-jd,e, in place of, by way of. p. 
^\^. fW»n^ bijd^t, f. a portion of seed corn 

which the poorer classes are allowed to take from the 
field. /(. [ment for the arm j a bracelet, h, 

,^.1;^ fT3rni7 bijayath, m. a kind of orna- 
Ul*:^. 49|<4>1l<n baj-bajdnd, n. to effervesce 

with noise in putrefying, h. 
JLfi bajattar, 1 m. (for bajantri, &c. q. v.) 
^c-JLtf bajattari,} a musician, &c. s. 

0*^4^ ba-jidcl-hond, n. to be importunate, 
to insist upon any thing ; to tempt, to urge (a per- 
son), a. h. 

j^ '^% bajr (for vaj?'), m. a thunder-bolt; a 
diamond ; adj. hard, bajr pafe us par, 8tc., may light- 
ning fall OD him, &c. ; this is used in cursing any 
body. s. 

\^ ^jjTT bajrd, m. a boat for travelling in, a 

pleasure boat (of a larger kind, q.d. heavy or hard), 
commonly called " budge-row ". It. 

Cj>\^\j^, ^iSntn^ bajr-dghdt, (lightning- 
struck , any sudden calamity, especially if viewed as a 
judgment from heaven, s, 

yXijA '^^^X^ bajar-battu,m. name of a fruit; 

a large kind of seed, of which necklaces are made. h. 
uL^W^*: W^SWtn bajar-bhdng, m. tobacco, h 
" This appears to have been the first name given to the 
weed, which was introduced into India, as is supposed, 
in the time of Jehaughire. It has now been superseded 
by the European name— see tambdku." (Binning.^ 

ciAA^jSi ^ijojr^T bajr kit, m. (lit. "lightning- 
insect"), a species of the armadillo, called by natu- 
ralists Pangolin or Manis ; and sometimes " the scaly 
ant-eater". — It is termed in the Dakhni dialect khaula- 
manjd. (Binning). *. 

LL^>ji; ^WW hajrnng, in. a title of Hanu- 
man. «. 
£3^ '^^^ bajrangt, f. a kind of tilak, or 

"mark, made on a Hindu's forehead with red lead. h. 

^j¥: bajra, m. a pleasure-boat (v. bajrd). h. 
^j^, f^^ bijrt, f (v. bijU), lightning, s. 
Is2 ba-jiiz, besides, except, p. 
(J^ fw^'^'\ bijli,t Wghtn'mg; a thunder-bolt. A 

li*: ^SI'TT bajnd, n. to be sounded (a bell or 
gong &c.) ; das baje, ten have sounded, i.e. it is ten 
o'clock ; to be famous ; m. a rupee (used among 
brokers), h. 

U*i ^ir»n bujnd, m. a cloth used by men- 

struous women, a pessary, h. 

Usi f^lT«n bijtid, m. a fan, a punkah, s. 
JijjA bajantar, m. (v. bajantri), d. 
i^Sx^ 4» | »ct^ bajantri, m. one who plaj's 

upon musical instruments ; f. a tax on musicians and 
female dancers. bajantri-maliaU, m. the quarter inha- 
bited by musicians ; a brothel, h. 

lyJ^, ba-jins, in kind, in some sort. p. a. 
^JJA ^JflTfTt bajani or bajnt, f. quarrel, fight ; 

"uproar, a row. h. 

yti biju (also biju bd,ord), m. (v. beju), an 
animal that feeds on dead carcases, the Indian 
badger ; (some say the ichneumon), Ursus Indicus. h. 

\j\yi!- W«fm<n bajmdnd, a. to cause to sound, 

to cause to play on an instrument, h, 
l>j=»s2 ^»ftf«TT bajornd, a. to strike, smite, a. 

lL^ fw»ftn bijog {for vijog), m. separation, 

absence (especially of lovers); adj. parted, separate, c. 

^*s4 frift'ft bijogi, wretched, one who is se- 

■■ parated (from his beloved, &c.). s. 

l^«: ^*KJ bajhd, m. marshy soil. h. 

C^j\^< ^s^JTJt bujhdrat, adjustment of ac- 
counts, h, 

\3\4*J ^iR5J»n bujhdnd, a. to extinguish, to 
put out ; to damp or depress one's courage, to quench 
one's thirst, as piyds bujhdnd. k. 



( 100 ) 


*^^?t VBJ«TT bujhand a. (caus. of bujhnd), 

to explain, to infuse into the mind, to demonstrate, 
to push as with argument, to persuade, to cause to 
believe, to take to. h. 

^^?t TSBJTT hajhand, a. (also hajhdwand 

or bajha.ond), to entangle, to ensnare (as game), to 
entrap, h. [again, h. 

J.A.^A¥t bujhbujhawal, m. a riddle, guess 
\n^. 3»iS<i bujakrd, m. a vessel for warm 

water, h. 

li\i^ i^XRoFRT hijhlidnd, a. to frighten, to 

scare, to alarm. /*. 

uV^.< f^HiofcHI hijhahnd, n. to be alarmed, 

to be startled, h. 

*l^^ f^r>n.'ii5 hijhgdh, a scarecrow, h. 

U^ ^^R'n bujhna, n.lo be extinguished, to be 

put out (as fire, a lamp), to be quenched (thirst), to be 
dejected (the spirits), h. 

li^ 'TSR'TT hajhnd, to be ensnared, to be 

caught (as game) ; to stick, h. 
Ci.*^^ 'W^S^ hajhrvat, a» sfalk with enr. h. 

iJO^^ ^%Tirr hvjhontd, an abstract account 
of a village proprietary, h, 

U^^^ f^*!df*T'TT hijhoniyd, name of a tribe 

of raj-puts in Jaunpur. h. [burthen, h. 

{^i:^. ^^%S5 bujhail, laden j beast, &c., of 
le^. f^^bija^(Jo\'vijaya),'n\xx\])\\. bijai- 

"dasanii, the victorious tenth; the tenth of asin Shuld 
Paksh ; the anniversary of Rama's victory over Ravana.s. 

Uatf f^ftnn hijiyd or bijai/d, m. hemp, bhang 
{Cannabis saliva), s. 

•IJoLsi '<f»f1<?IT; bajl-ddr, an agricultural servant 
who takes corn as a recompense for his labour, h, 

(_^ f^»nft bijayi (for vijayi), vanquisheri con- 
queror, s. 

4^ f^ bich (for h'lcK), in the midst, among, s, 

^_ ^r^ bach or vachy f. orris root. s. 

^ ^T^ bachy an inferior tribe of rdyfuts in 
the district of Jaunpilr. h, 

Irf ¥^ ftocAa or "WSK bachchd, m. a child : 

a young animal, hachche wall murg^i, the hen with 
her chickens ; the constellation of the Pleiades, p. 

blaS 'PIT^ bachdpd, m. safety, escape, deli- 
verance, h. 

•lil ft'^K bichdr (for vichdr), m. contriv- 
ance, consideration, reflection, judgment, opinion, 
thought, will. «. 

y\^ bichdrd (for be-chdra), helpless, p, 
OjVjS (V^I^H bichdrat (for vlchdrat), part, 

reflecting, thinking, s. 

OjV^ f^'^Tfrrr bichdrU (for vichdrit), judged* 

considered, matured. ». 

LiJ.1^ fjf^^oir bichdrah, an inspector, in- 
vestigator, judge. «. 

^V^ f^^KTT bichdrnd, a. to consider, to 

reflect, to investigate, to comprehend, to think, to ap- 
prehend, to conceive. «. [helpless, p 

8jUi bichdra (for be-chdra)^ without resource, 
*^^ Ar'sriM bichdrya, fit for consideration, s 
i^^ ftf^^y^ bichdli, f. straw. A. 

bVsi ^TTTtfT bachdnd, a. to save, to preserve, 
to reserve, to protect ; to save, to spare ; to defend, to 
guard, to conceal, to leave, (for bajand), to sound a 
musical instrument h. 

j^ '^^T^ bachd,o or bachdv, m. safety, pro- 
tection ; cjcape, deliverance, h. 

"«(-«m«f bach-pan, m. childhood, infancy. A. 

♦i^ f%f^^ bichiir (for vichitra'), various ; 

wonderful, s. 

j_^ ?^ni^ feac/i<i, f. remainder; surplus, re- 

" sidue ; end, conclusion, h. 

I3^5j f^^nifTl bicharnd, to detail, bichar 

hichar kar bolnd, to speak in full detail, h, 

t-ii^ f^^«F bichak, disappointment ; fright, 

alarm, h. 

U\Ss2 f^^o{rT*n bichhdnd, a, to baulk, to dis- 
appoint, to break one's promise, (in Dakh.) to frighten, 
to terrify or threaten, h. 

biS^ ■^^oFTrfT bachhdnd, small (generally ap- 
plied to slioes and clothes) ; m. a danciqg boy. h, 

j^owrfl '^'^ ah n't bachhdni, f a girl adopted by 
an old pro'titute. p. [children, &c h. 

Sj:^ ^^oR'^ bach-hach (generaWy kach-bach), 

Ux^ f^^^'^Sifl bichaknd, u. to be disappointed, 
baulked; to sprain; to run away, to retreat; to with 
draw a consent which has been given, (in Dakh.) to 
start, to be afraid, h. 

Uxss Oc^ch'^l bichhannd, m. an ornament 

worn in the anterior lobe of the ears. h. 

^jlX^ bachagdn or bachchagdn, children, 
young one's (Pers. pi. of bachcha). p. 

ifJ\X^ bachchagdna, fit for children ; in ii 
childish manner, bachehaganl, f. a child's toy or play- 
thing, p. (^tribe. Ii. 

(3*i^. ^^Tift bach-gutt, name oi a raj-put 
1$^, bachchagt f. infancy, childhood, p. 

DJ^ f^^55«TT bichalndy n. to l>rcak one's pro- 
mise, to slip, to infringe, to turn, to bend. s. 

lji»^ f«T"*CH »TT bichamndj a. to tease or torment 
one witli questions, h. 

j^rfi 4fx(tf bac/ian, m. speech, talk, disconrsct 

word ; promise, agreement, bachan band kar lena or 
bandh k., to bind by promise, bachan band, or bandh, 
liona, to promise, to be agreed upon, bachan piilnd, to 
abide by a promise, bachan topid, a. to bieak one's 
word, bachan chhornd, to break one's promise, bachan 
dfiid, a. to jirtunise, to agree, bachan dulnu, a. to 
(juestion, to ask, to inquire, bachan lend, to receive a 
promise, bachan indrud, to conclude an agreement. 
bachan vidnnd, to obey, bachan nihhdnd, to abide by a 
promise, bachan hdr'na, to promise, to agree, to give 
one's word. ». 


C 101 ) 


Ixjil "^r^fTT bachna, n. to be saved or spared, 

to escape, to remain unexpended, bach-rahna, to 
avoid, to take care against. //. 

lL/U^ sr-<iHIT bachnag, name of a vegetable 

poison, s. [espoused, s. 

Oi5(^ ^^«T^ bachan-datta, betrothed, 
l^si hfchu,a, m. name of a plant, d. 
^3^^ f^^cfT^ bichwum, ^ m. one who in- 
Ia)^*: fNr^f^Tf bichduliya, Herposes, a me- 

i^».s{ fV^^ bichwa,t, J diator, an um- 

pire, an arbitrator ; an agent or ambassador, s, 
i-f; huchcha, m. the young of any animal, an 

infant, a child, bachcha-ddn, m. the womb, bachhe- 
todli murghl, f. the hen and chickens ; a name given to 
the Pleiades, p. 

.^ ^^bachh, or V^^ "sc^bachha, m. a calf.s. 

l!>l^ f^'STHTT bichchatd, m. a stinging- 
nettle {Urtica mterrupta). h. 
uj;5 l^ r«(^| ^»n bichhd-dena, a. to spread ; 

met. to knock down, to drub, to floor, h. 

^^^ iVi^l t^T bichhana, a. to spread ; m. a 

bed, bedding, carpet (Dakh. bichhanaA). h, 

j^b&^ bachcha-ddn, ra. the womb. p. 
\j^. ^ d<l bachhrd, m. a calf. A. bichhrd 

(Dakh.) separation. 

^^j4^ fftJ^T^T bichhurand,2L. to cause to be 

separated, to Separate or sunder (actively), s. 
iJLJ^\j^^ bichhurdhat, f. separation, act of 

separating. Also bichkarahaf. s. 
.^ f^^FTTTl hichhiirvd or fw^l.'HI bichhamd, 

n. to be separated, or set apart, to slide, to slip, to turn 

away the face, s, 

jA^. "^"W^ hachhru, m. a calf or colt. s. 

\%^. 'ftrarr bickhard, m. 'I separating, se- 

C->V-:^ ftri[TT7 bichhardtff.j paration, part- 
ing asunder, s. 

l3^vA^ r<4^d|r(1 bichhardnn, a. to cause to be 

separated ; to part or divide (actively). *. 
^k^ iV^TT^ bichhurdfO, ra. act of parting 

or separating, separation, s. [away. *. 

cL*i>lj^ bichhrdhat, fem. separation, turning 
\3v4^ fT2FT»n bichhurnd or faTddHI bichhar- 

na, n. to be separated, to turn away. ». 

3j^- ^^? bachhru, m. a colt, a calf. s. 

^4^ fTB[^«n bichhalnd, n. to be separated ; 

to slip, to slide ; to slip out of place, to sprain; to turn 
away the face. h. 

•J^^ r^a^T bichhnd, n. to he spread, h. 
■JJ'yx^:^^ ^Tri^HI'T bachchh-ndg, xn. name of a 

vegetable poison. 5. 

»^ 1V«3 bichchhu, 1m. a scorpion, the sign 
L^^ f^W^bichhu,d,) Scorpio, s. 


'^^ 'f^'^WT bichhu,a, m. a sort of dagger ; 

a small stiletto with a curved or serpentine blade ; an 
ornament worn on the toes. h. 

U)^^^ fsi ;^<4 1 1 i bichhwdnd, a. to cause to 

spread, k. 

^■^^ frsftr^ bichhornd, a. to separate, h. 
I3_j^ f^'3t«n bichhaund or fVift'TT bichhond, 

m. bedding, carpeting. A. 

^3^, Tsff^T bachhontdf m. distribution of 

an aggregate sum on several individuals, h. 
8^^ f^'i^^ bichhoh, '\m. separation, ab- 
Ifc^^ f^tft^T bichhohd,) sence. h. 

^fj^ bichhujt, f. a ring or ornament worn 

on women's toes. d. 
^J^. ^^ bachhl, a female young animal, jd, 
U^^ ^fgt^ bachhiyd (diminutive of bachht), 

f. a female calf. //. 

1;<4^ ▼^^T bachherd,\ 

t" '^ , . -N . T 7, - rro* a colt. 

VjA^ ^^jTT bachhera,) 

cijSl^ ^r%^ bachho-t,'] 

' ^^ , M - r- a foal, filly, h. 

ui-^W; bahhds, a great disputer, controvertist, 

arguer. a. 

jU; &i7iar (pi. of^), seas, gulfs, &c. a. 

J^ ba-hdl, happy, flourishing, prosperous ; 

reinstated (as in service) ; restoration to a former con- 
dition, or continuing in the present state, p. a. 

i^^. ba-hdli adj. of or relating to a former 

state; f. restoration to a former state or con- 
dition, ha-liali sanad, a grant restoring a person to 
the possession of something that he has been deprived 
of, or confirming to him what he at present enjoys, p. 

v^Aii bahs, f. argument, discussion, alterca- 
tion, controversy, discussion. ba}!,s-k., to dispute, a. 
^i^u^ bahsd-bahsi, f. controversy, discus- 

"sion, argumentation, a, 

\ju*i bnhasndfii. to argue, to dispute; to talk. a. 
ii>5i ba-hadd, or »^_^t>^ ba-hadde hi, to such 

a degree that ; so that. p. 

.^ bahr, m. a sea, a gulf, a bay j f. metre 
in prosody ; a fleet, a. 

^j^^ bukrdn, m. the crisis of any disease (as 

fever, &c.). a. 
i^j^. bahrl, maritime, naval ; (for hahri), a 

kind of falcon, a. 

f^j^. bahrain, lit. the two seas, generally 

applied to the Mediterranean and the Euxine : it also 
applies to the two waters, viz. the fresh and the salt. a. 

L_>*«3; ba-hasb or ba-hasbe ki, according to, 

in accordance, in such a way that. p. a. 
/i^, bn-haJik or ba-hakki, on account of j in 

the case of. p. a. 


( 102 ) 


^•Xrfj ba-kukm or ba-hukmi, under the com- 
mand of; by dint of. p. a. [lutioo. p. 
,J^i/A?7,(for&i-A?7/*letalone,") pardon, abso- 

4Jl\ti>^ ha-Jiamd Illaht, by the grace of God, 

God be praised that, a, 
Vj<sJ huhaira, a small sea or inland lake. a. 
jlic huhhar, m. steam, mist, fog ; glowing 

heat from the ground, or such as is felt in a fever ; va- 
pour, exhalation. bukhSr-nikalna, n. to break out (as 
an eruption on the skin), hukhar dil meA rakhna, a. to 
entertain enmity or malice in the heart, a. 

ijlitf bukhara, name of a town and country; 

the ancient Bactria. p. 
i^\^ bukhari, of or relating to Bukhara, a 

native of Bukhara, p. 
(JlAstf bakht, m. fortune, prosperity, luck, fe- 
licity, bakht-awar, fortunate, bakht-ball, lucky, for- 
tunate, baicht-bazt, f. trying one's fortune, hakjit 
jalna, to lose one's luck, to become unfortunate, bakhl- 
blddr, one whose fortune is wide awake, a prosperous 
person, bakht-bargashta, unfortunate. bakl{t-khufta, 
one whose fortune is asleep, unlucky, p. 

CL^. bukht, m.'l a quick-paced camel (gene- 
ikhii, f. J 1 
for burthens), a. 

,ji^ bukhti, f. J rally used to ride on, and not 

jUli^ hakhtiyar, fortunate,prosperous. bakhti- 

ydr'i, f. prosperity, good fortune, p. 

\jA, halikra,'\vc\. share, portion, lot, allow- 
»y^ laMra,) ance. p. 

L^Jtf bakhrt, "1 
I: , ,, . /-partner, sharer, p. 

CjO^ bakhratt,) ' ^ 

(jtitf bakhsh, m. gift, donation ; pay ; pardon 

or forgiveness ; share, portion, lot. bakhsh dena, to 
give, to bestow ; in comp. it denotes giving, bestow- 
ing, forgiving, as samar-bakh^h, productive of fruit, 
taj -bakhsh, bestowing a diadem, p, 

oLiitf bakshana, a. to cause to give; to procure 

pardon for another, p. 

^j£jLi.itf bakhsha.ish, f.afavour,forgiveness. /?. 
^jiLlifi bakhshish, f. a gift, gratuity, bakh- 

shish-nama, a deed of gift. p. 

Vi-SJtf bakhshna, a. to give, to bestow, to grant, 

to spare, to pardon or forgive, p. 
^u\j^JlJlA bakhsh-nama, m. a deed of gift. p. 

^SJ J L ' ^, bakhshandagi, f. liberality, gene- 
rosity; forgiveneis. p. 

t^xL!^, bakhshanda^ he who bestows ; God, 

the forgiven p. [forgiven p.h. 

\j\jb^j^j^^ bakhshan-hard, m. thebe8tower,the 

^^^^. hakhsfn, m. (lit. the p:iver), a pay- 

"mastcr; n general, commander-in-chief. balc]ishi.ul~ 
mamdlik, a title or rank, equivalent fo commander-in- 
chief bafslishi-liJidiia, m. the pay-office ; the general's 
office, ioift-'/^'y'"* «'?<"«. the supreme commanders, p. 

OlxiJ^ bakhshiyat, name of a division of 

the Jaunpur district, p, 

^jfaVj^litf bakhshidan. to bestow ; to forgive, p. 
t^S/J^ bakhsht-garu f. office of general, p. 

jj>42 bukhl, m. parsimony, stinginess, ava- 
rice, sparingness. a. [sition. p. a. 
(— i^)j6; ba-khilqf, on the contrary, in oppo- 
f^y^. ba-khubl, in perfection, thoroughly, p. 

5^ ba-khud, lit. to or into self, ba-khud atia, 

to come to one's self or one's senses, p. 
jytf bakkur, m.perfume,odour,frankincense. a. 

i^**j^. ba-Mushif with pleasure ; joyfully, p. 
jiJi- ba-khair, in welfare, well, good. p. a. 
jjJii bakhir, m. report, news, intelligence, d. 

^JJki(; bahhil, a miser, a niggard, a. 

^JjiiJ bakhxU, f. stinginess, niggardliness, a. 

iUatf baJthiya. m. a kind of stitching ; quilt- 
ing, sewing very thick and strong, p. 

tiJ bad, evil, bad; much used in the formation 

of compounds ; as, bad-a]chtar, of an unlucky star, 
unfortunate, bad-akhldk, of bad habits, bad-uslub, 
ill-shaped, ill-made ; of evil conduct, bad-asl or bad- 
tiful, low-bom. bad-atwar, ill-mannered. bad-af,alf 
of evil deeds, bad-i'tikad, mistrustful, bad-andesh, 
inimical, evil-minded. bad-d,in, of ill manners, ob» 
gerving no religious precepts. bad-l)fltin, internally 
evil, bad-bakht, unlucky, unfortunate, bad-bar, evil- 
minded or disposed. 6ad-6u, foetid; f. stink, bad-parhez 
not controlling one's inclinations and passions; in 
temperate, bad-chdli, of bad conduct, bad-chashm, 
malignant, envious, coveting other men's goods, par- 
ticularly wives, bad-hidl, in bad circumstances, ill- 
conditioned, bad-hawass, senseless, stupified. bad- 
Mtlsdl or bad-](haslat, of a bad disposition. bad-]chatt, 
writing ill. bad-khulk, of evil nature, ill-disposed. 
bad-kho, of bad habits, bad-lchtvah, wishing evil, bad- 
du'd, f. curse, bad-dil, sOspicious. bad-dimdghi dis- 
satisfied, displeased with every thing, bad-daul, ill- 
shaped, ungraceful, bad-sdt, low-born, of bad breed, 
wicked, vicious, bad-sihn, stupid, slow of apprehen- ' 
sion. bad-rah, wicked, sinful. bad-rikdb, ill-paced 
(a horse), also difficult to moimt bad-rag, of a bad 
vein, ill-natured, malevolent bad-rang, bad colour, 
bad kind, bad-rau, ill-paced (a horse), bad-zaban, 
indecent speaker, abuser ; f. indecent language, abuse. 
bdd-zabam, f. abuse, bad-xeb, ungracefiS. bad-sffat, 
f. an unlucky moment, bad-saj, ungraceful, ill-looking. 
bad-sirisht, of a bad composition, ill natured. bcul- 
saranjam, of a bad end. bad-slgdl, malevolent, bad- 
suluk, unfavourably inclined, maltreating, bad-strat, 
ill-tempered, of bad disposition, bad-shakl, ill-shaped, 
ill-looking, bad-shugun, of evil omen, inauspicious. 
bad-swat, ugly, ill-conditioned, bad-farik, m. bad 
habit (in a religious sense), bad-tlnat, miiilevoleut, 
iniquitous, bad-tlnati, f. malevolence, iniquity, bad- 
gann, suspicious. bad-'ahd, faithless, treacherous. 
bad-fi'l, m. evil deeds ; of bad habits (particu- 
larly in a religious sense). bad-farjam, of evil 
end or issue, malignant, bad-kar or bad-kirdar, sin- 
ful ; a malefactor, bad-guman, suspicious, bad-go, 
slanderous, bad-guhar, of bad origin, bad-lagdm, 
hard-mouthed (a horse), not obedient to the reins'. 
bad-mast, dead drunk, bad-waza, of bad taste, un- 
savory, bad-mazagl, unsavoriness, tastelessness; cool- 
ness between friends, bad-miziij, of evil temper. 
bad-muzanna, suspicious, bad-ma' ash, of a bad pro- 
fession, of an infamous trade, bad-mu'dmala, oi unfair 


( 103 ) 


dealing, roguish, bad-mihri, f. disobligingness, un- 
klndness. bad-nam, infamous, calumnious. bad-7idmt, 
f. infamy, had-nasal, of a bad race or breed ; a bas- 
tard, bad-naslb, unfortunate, bad-nazar, ill-looking. 
bad-na'l, tripping (a horse), bad-numa or bad-namud, 
ungraceful, inelegant, bad-nihdd, ill-disposed, of bad 
intention, bad-waz', ill-disposed or ill-behaved, bad- 
hazm, of bad digestion. bad-hai,at, ill-formed, mis- 
shapen.' bad-yumn, evU-omened, unpropitious. N.B. — 
All the preceding adjectives may form abstract sub- 
stantives by the addition of », as bad-akhlaki, depravity 
of morals, bad-uslubi, malformation, &c. p. 

cV ^ bad, f. a bubo,or swelling of the gland. /*. 

Si f^^bid, f. a little pit into which children in 
play endeavour to throv? balls or marbles, h. 

tV erf^ badi, f. the wane of the moon ; the 
dark half of the lunar mouth, from full moon to neve 
moon. s. 

\si f^^ bida, f. dismission ; taking leave, 
farewell, adieu, bidd-k, to bid farewell, to dismiss, s. 

\s> bida, f. beginning, commencement, a. 
\si ??[T bada, predestined, fated, h. 
^Si\s:> ^T^T^r^ bada-badi, with emulation or 

rivalship, contentiously. h. 

(jj^c^ fN^TTrf bklaran (for vidaran), m. act of 

tearing, breaking, severing, rending, or dividing, s. 
O.liV f%^T^ bidarna, a. to tear, to rend. s. 
t^^Si ^^\f K \ baddmt, f. a species of rice. h. 

^\d^ bad-an (for ba-an), lit. by that; thereby, 
thence, p. [congratulation, &c. 

\io\s> badaha, m. (v. badhawa), a song of 
LliAibltJJ baddhat, unexpected accident, a, 
\j>i>\s^ f^Tl|»n biddhna, a. to turn the plough 

over a field, after the seed is come up, and also to 
plough immediately after sowing, for the purpose of 
covering the seed ; to harrow, h. 

iJ^^Si or 'h)Si badayat, commencement, a. 
jojjj baddjt (pi. of ajO^),wonders, rarities. a. 

U-b<3J '^Tf^^T bad-bdchd, m. a false or frau- 
dulent bdch or division, h. 

S>Si ^^^ budbud, m. a bubble, h. 

U^ciJtiJ '^^T«n budbuddna, a. to mutter, to 

grumble. Ii. 

O JJ r^ r^ H bidii, known, famed, renowned, s. 
3^ badtar, worse, inferior, very bad. p. 
^Si badakh, ni- a duck (for bataM). d. 

i^\^^d.i badaJthshdn, name of a region near 
the source of the Oxus, famous for its rubies, &c. p. 

.JJ badr, m. the full moon. a. 

jiiJ ba-dar (to the door, or at the door), with- 
out, out. ba-dar-nawtst, writing off objectional items 
of an account ; auditing or taxing an overcharged bUl.^. 

ViW "^^^ badrd, m. a cloud, cloudiness, s. 
^jSi ba-darj, by insertion, per invoice, p. a. 
»»-j(\> ba-daraja, in, or to a degree, p. a. 
. j.tjj badar-rau, f. a drain, a sewer, p. 

sJijSi badarha or badraha, m. a fellow-tra- 
veller ; a convoy, or guard on the road ; any thing 
ordered to be taken with a certain medicine (as water 
gruel with salts); a vehicle (in medicine — see unupdn); 
also a charge (of one per cent.) formerly levied as the 
expense for keeping the highways and rivers free from 
robbers. 6arfraA:a ^wa6, an invoice of goods sent ; also 
transit duty. p. [ten thousand dirhams. p. 

8jjJ badra, m. a bag of money ; a weight of 

i^jSi ^^r badrt, a place of pilgrimage in the 
north of India, s. 

(^jS> 1%^^ bidrl, f. a mixture of metals so 
"called; a kind of tutenag inlaid with silver, (so called 
from Bldar, the name of a city and province), used for 
JmJckas, &c. /;. 

i^Jil^jS> W^'hl^cF6a<i/i-jt?a^ra^, m. a sort of 

perfume, a leaf. s. 
^J^t^jiiJ ^^ifi^n badrt-phald, f. a plant, 

the blue sephalica or nyctanthes. s. 
\d^s>'^jS> W^^^t^^ badrl-chhadd, f. a kind 

of perfume, apparently a dried shell-fish ; a tree, a 
species of the Zizyphus, s, 

,Jjui>^^,L)o ^^l^tt^S badri-shail, m. a part of 
the Himalaya range, and a celebrated place of pilgrim- 
age, the Badrinath of modern travellers ; or a town and 
temple on the west bank of the Alaknanda river in 
the province of Shrinagar. s. 

kZ***tSi ba-dast, in hand, or into hand. p. 
.y^uiS^ ba-dastur, according to custom ; as 

usual, in the usual manner, p. 

^L*»tiJ W^^n badsald, m. a hog-sty. h. 
CL^^S> bid' at, f. violence, oppression, wrong ; 

schism, heresy, blasphemy, a. 

iSp-Si bid'ait, a tyrant, oppressor, a. 

jiV badak (same as bat), a duck. d. 

CLot^J ba-dikkat, with toil or difficulty, p. a. 

Vj^tV "^^W^Tbadaknd, n. to move, be moved, h. 

JiiJ. badal, m. exchange, substitution ; reta- 
liation ; prep, for, on account of. badal lend, a. to 
exchange, to take in exchange, baduli indl, m. price, 
barter, badal-muskdhara, m. stipend given in money 
or kind to public or private servants, a. 

Ji^^ '^'^^ baddal, or '^^ badal, m. cloud, h. 

JiiJ ba-dil, with the heart, heartily, sincerely. 
ba dil jdn, with heart and soul. p. 

"ili^^ «tr;cpi badld, m. exchange, lieu, stead, 

a substitute, recompense, revenge, requital. badld 
lend, a. to alter, to revenge, badle, in exchange, in 
return for. a. [of the English word. d. 

jS> budld, m. a bottle, probably a corruption 

^^tiJ bad-ldm (for bad-ndm), infamous, of 

bad repute, d. 
li^ci>^ '^^TRT badldnd, a. to cause to alter ; 

to change, to put one thing for another, a. 

{j'^Si ^^55T^feac?/a,t, f. price of exchange, a. 

\JJcW ^55»n badalnd, a. to change, to alter, a. 

cj'^ «r<Cli1 badli, f. cloudiness; a small bit 
" of cloud, a. 


( 104 ) 


^_^ciJ Y(^<jSf) badti, f. exchange; relief (of 

"walciicg, K'C.) ; a substitute ; a person or thing taken ; 
representation or exchange of some other person or 
thing, a. 

,}si hudli, f. a small bottle (v. hudla). d. 

f^i^ ^^ hadan (for vadan), m. the mouth, 

the countenance, s, 
j^i^J badan, m. the body, badan phal-jana, 

n. to be covered with an eruption of pustules, a. 
liiiJ W^*\\ badna, a. to wager, to stake at play, 

to settle, to predestinate, to take (as witness), to obey, 

to acknowledge, to agree, not to refuse, h. 

13^ badna, m. (for 6a<Z/ma),akind of pot. h. 
^3^ badrii, f. a pipkin of a small size. d. 
ji^iJ q^ri^ badnl, a contract by which the 

" borrower gives a bond at high interest, and aa a fur- 
ther security to the lender, he assigns his crops valued 
far below the market price, h. 

jjiW badani, of or relating to the body. a. 
•liJ badu, infamous, bado (for ba-o), in or 

to him, &c. p. 
•liJ badu, a tribe of Arabs so called, a. 
mI^i^ f^S'lH bidwan (for vidrvan), learned, s. 

9 9 

— •tiJ buduh, an invocation, supposed to pos- 
sess great power over the invisible world. It has no 
meaning that I ever heard, but some suppose it to be 
the name of a certain deceased saint. The word is 
often written as a charm, and inlaid in letters of gold 
on sword-blades, fitc., to ensure their efficiency, a. 
(Binning). [to laugh at, to ridicule, h. 

^jji^ f^^t«n bidorna, a. to screw ; to mock, 
Uji^iiJ f^RftTJTT bidorna, a. to laugh at. h. 
*^^<y> ba-daulat,hy means of, through, p. a. 
^^jjJ bidun, without, deprived of. a. 
JbS> T9 badh,m. killing, slaying, badh'dand, 

m. capital punishment, hadh-kamyd, f. desire to kill. 
hadh-kankshl, wishing death, badh-sthdn, ra. or hadh- 
sthali, f. a place of slaughter or execution. ». 

^^ ^IT baddha, bound, tied; checked, sup- 
pressed; fixed, withheld, baddha-shikh, young, & Tpnpil 
whose hair has not been shaved, haddha-shikha, f. a 
pungent root, a kind of garlic, baddha-kop, one who 
governs or suppresses wrath, baddha-mul, fast or firmly 
rooted, s. 

^iW fr^ bidh (for vidhi), f. a sacred pre- 
cept, rule, common practice, precept, direction ; name 
of Brahma ; manner, bidhi-bat, (for vidhi-vat), accord- 
ing to rule, law, or precept. «. 

JbS> ^V budh, m. name of a Hindu deity 

corresponding to the Odin or "Woden of the Saxons, 
and regent of the planet Mercury ; the planet Mer- 
cury ; Wednesday ; a wise man, a sage. *. 

^S^ WS buddha, m. a wise or learned man, a 

sage ; a deified teacher, especially of the Bauddha sect ; 
the ninth avatar or incarnation of Vishnu, and the 
apparent founder of Buddhism. «. 

JbiiJ ^f^ buddhi, f. sense, knowledge, under- 
standing, buddhi-htn, senseless, t. 

^S> fw^ hidhu (for vidhu), m. the moon. s. 
vUiiJ f^Vlril bidhata (for vidhata), m. he 

who has predestined, t. e. the deity Brahma, provi- 
dence, s [precept, direction. «. 

j^lfciiJ f««*ii»i bidhan, m. common practice, 

(J^VfctiJ 'TST^fcS baddhanjuli', putting the 
hands joined to the forehead, saluting respectfully. «. 

ijU6(V <s|Vim badhawa, m. a song in congra- 
tulation; presents, &c., carried to the house of a wo- 
man on the sixth or fortieth day after childbirth, h. 

cLjjUstiJ f^Vl^ bidhdtvat, f. perforation, h. 

j^lj&tiJ ^tn^ badhdji, f. (same as badhawa), 

a song, presents, &c. k. [gent. «. 

CJj^JdJJ ^fS*pf buddhi-bhrit, wise, intelli- 

jUfciiJ budh-bar, ra. the day of Budh, Wed- 
nesday, s. 

CL^Si srftnr budhit, known, understood, s. 

^^^iij ^rVaPT budk-jan, m. a wise man. s. 

^Si ^fv^ badhir, deaf, badhirta, f. deaf- 
ness, s. [execution, place of slaughter, t. 
^l^jL-JbiiJ 'TVifilM badha-sthan, m. place of 

c^Jl2>4^ W«F badhak, m. a slaughterer, a 

killer, s. 

udiibi^ ^fVcfc" badhik, a huntsman, sportsman, 

fowler, killer, slayer, t. 

^J^Si'^^^J^buddhiman ,m. 
lL««^^ '^r^*1ri' buddhimat, m. 
,J^<^ ^r^Hril buddhimafi, f. 

wise, sensi- 
ble, learn- 
ed, famed 

known, s. 

UfctiJ TV«n badhna (also bidhna), a. to smite, 

to kill ; n. to be wounded. $, 
uibtiJ '^vn badhna, m. a kind of pot, with 

a spout to it, a vessel for drinking water from. «. 

UjbJJ f«|W«1l bidhna, n. to be pierced; m. a 

name of Brahma (see bidhata). a. 

t^Si bi-dihand ("let them grant"), a su- 
perscription of assent by the emperor on a petition 
for an assignment oi revenue, p. 

^ii-> "W^i badhu, f. a daughter-in-law, son's 
wife ; a woman, wife, lady (same as bahS). t. 

lyfctio firV<4l bidhava or bidhwa (for vidhava), 
f. widow, bidliawd, m. the Deity. *. 

jiybijj T^V^R budh-war, m. Wednesday, s. 

wise, know- 
ing, intelli- 
gent, s. 

(j^y»JJ ^f^r^TtT buddhiman, 

jj^fc^iJ ^^^rfl buddhimatt, 

lljyfcjj ■^^S^RH buddhiwanta,, 

i<bybjj WVt^int bndhopaya, m. instrument 

or means of putting to death. *. 

jj«3y6t\J f'TEi^ bidhtvans (for vidJiwahs), m. 

death, annihilation, demolition, t. 


^jSi^ JJ ^rot^ badha-vansh, m. the slaughter 

of a whole race. s. 

^J^fc J&i^J ^ng^1 »T buddhi-hm, ignorant, silly, a 

fool, buddhi-hlnata, f. ignorance, folly, s. 

^iV ^gft baddht,f. an ornament worn round 

"the neck, hanging down to the waist, and crossing be- 
hind and before ; a belt, a sash, a pair of braces, h. 

LfciX) ? fi PTI badhiya, f. a bullock, or any 

castrated animal, h. 

;Cj jjjjb JO ^'gftf^ni buddhindriya, m. an organ 
'of intellect or perception, as the mind, eye, ear, nose, 
tongue and skin. s. 

ajJbJO ?r«l &ac?%a, deserving death.condemned 

to death, hadhyata, f. fitness to be killed, badhya- 
bhumi, f. or badhya-sthdn, m. a place of public exe- 
cution, s. 

(j-JO badl, f. badness, wickedness, p. 
t/Jo ^ badt, f. the dark half of the lunar 

"month, from full moon to new moon. «. 

b JJ ftnen J?%a (for vidya), f. science, know- 
ledge, intellect, s. 
.fcibiiJ f^^i[[^t,bidyadhar, m. a Vidyadhara, 

a species of dancers that perform before the assembled 
deities in Indra's paradise, s 

^^b JJ f^?rr«fF bidyartht (for vidyartht), 
"m. a seeker after knowledge, a student, s. 
jjl.b JJ fwr^T«T bidyaman (for vidydwdn), 

scientific, learned. ». [foreign country. ». 

ijt^A^ ^^ ^*^^^ (^°'' "''<^^*"^)» ahroad, a 

^«o.JJ i^^ ftirfm, of another country, a 

"traveller, a foreigner, s. 

*> JJ badl, rare, strange, wonderful, curious. a. 

j^jj badin (for &a-m), to, for, or in this. p. 

iOJJ badiha,m. an extempore, an impromptu, 
impetuosity, any thing done inconsiderately, an unex- 
pected event ; an axiom, a. 

^g^.<^, badiht, unpremeditated ; apparent, a. 
\li ^?T badd (see bara), great, large, s. 
Yii buddd, old, aged ; an old man. d. 

\j\sj budddpd, \ ,, .,.. , 

" :. •• ^ ' Vjjj. old age, senility, a. 

jOlJO budddpan,) 

b,\jj r^jlH I biddrnd, a. to drive away, to 

turn away ; to efface, s. 
^>h budpan, also budpandy m. old age. d. 

"ISjo "grr buddhd, aged, old ; an old man. 

/ buddhd Ichablsa, an old sinner (a term of ridicule or 
;. reproach), buddha-khank. an old fellow, s. 

h\ibdJ buddhdpd, ^ , , ... 

•■ ;. •• ■• s-m. old age, senility, s. 

^.Ub3j buddhdpanj 

io^^J <idJ|^>T budh-fjangd,i\ie old bed of 
the Ganges, where it has shifted its stream, h. 

ljJ63>^ ^fdHI badhiyd, m. a disease affecting 
sugar-cane, Indian corn, Ac, which prevents the head 
from shooting, h. 

■f. an old woman, »• 

( 105 ) \j> 

UfcJJ ^^fs^^ budhiydf'X 

tJJO ^Rrt budi, J 

" * \» 

s^Vsi bi-zdti-hi, of itself, independently, by its 

own essence, personally, a. 
j3j bazr, m. seed, bazr-gar, a sower, a. p. 
Jjj bazl, m. expense, gift, a portion, a. 
aijo bizla, m. a garment for daily use of 

which no care is taken, a. 
eis> bazla, m. a jest, raillery, pleasantry, a. 
j> ^ bur, f. Pudenda fcemince, vulva, h. 

j> "^bar or var, excellent ; m. bridegroom, 

a son in law ; a boon, a blessing, a choice, a good ; the 
Indian fig-tree; f. Asparagus racemosus; conj. but, 
moreover, even, bar-dal, giver of a choice or bless- 
ing, i. 

ji ^ bar, m. breadth (of cloth), h. 

ji bar, f. bosom, bar-mdrnd and bar-hdnknd, 

to boast; fruit, produce, result; prep, on or upon. 
bar-dnd, IPers. bar-dmadan, to succeed, bar-ldnd, Pers. 
bar-dwardan, to accomplish, to bring to a successlul 
issue. bar-anddkJitan, to overthrow, to vanquish, p. 

^ ^^ ba7'r, f. a wasp. h. 

ji barr, m. land, barran ma bdhran, by land 

and sea. birr, a fox-cub. a. 

t^ ^TO ft/7ra, m. cakes made of pulse-meal, 

and fried in butter or ghl ; adj. large, great (for bara). s. 

^P ^tl bu7'd, bad, worse, burd mdnnd, a. to 
->• ^ 

take amiss or ill, as an affront, to be affronted or dis- 
pleased, burd lagnd, n. to be unpleasant, h. 

\j ^I:t barrd, m. a kind of rope used in a 

village game on the 14th of the light half of Ku,ar. 
V. Wilson, h. 

\o fTT^T hirrd, m. gram and barley sown in 

the same field, h. 
^,i ^^ burrd, m. the interior cavity of any 

thing, the belly of a drum. d. 
J\ji bardbar, al)reast, even, level, like, plain, 

uniform, smooth, up to, opposite, equal, exact, accu. 
rate, alike, straight, bardbar dnd, to overtake, bard, 
bar-k., to smooth, to compose, bardbar-hond, to ter- 
minate, to allow, to suit. p. [kind. /^. 

.IjU f^trfXR birrd bardr, m. collection in 

^jU barabarl, equality ; competition, ri- 
"valry. bardbari-k., to vie with, to compete with. p. 

C^\j ^TJTT bardt, f. the company and atten- 
dants at a marriage-feast ; the marriage procession, s. 

C^\j> bardt, f. a commission, a warrant, as- 
signment, a letter, a draught, a. 

C^\ji bardt, f. the 14th day of the month 
Sha'bdn, which is appropriated to the commemoration 
of ancestors ; this is generally called shabi-barat.qy. p.a. 

fj\j) 'smif\ bardti, m. an attendant at a mar^^ 
riage procession. (. 



( 106 ) 


i*ii-»^ f^TTR hirat, m. the embodied spirit, 

name of a king. «. 

"-^y ^??J3T haratha, m. a washerman. «. 

U»-\^ pifCJHHI birajna, n. to be conspicuous 

or splendid, to enjoy one's self, to live in healtli, ease, 
content, and independence, s. 

jiii\j> haradar or birddar, m. brother, bird- 

dar-parwar, kind to friends and relations, barddar- 
Mmdndagl, profession of fraternal affection, p. 

^h'^^ji barddardna, like a brother, becoming 

a brother, p. 

StiVjjiiM barddar-zdda, a nephew, p. 

c^ii^jiil J harddar-zddif a niece, p. 

t3jt5|jj barddari, f. relationship, brotherhood; 

adj. brotherly, fraternal, p. 
5til^ burdda, m. filings, saw-dust. p. 

j\ji bardr, lit. that which brings up, or to 

pass, barar-i-kar, successful accomplishment of an 
affair ; taxation in general, p. 

ij)f> <f4JiJ bardrd, f. a thong, a rope (parti- 
cularly of a swing), h. 

lS}j> '^rrd' bardri, m. a shareholder paying 

his proportion of the bardr taxation, p. 

'\j> bardz, m. stool, motion, excrement; fight- 
ing (especially in single combat), a. 

D**]j^ ^TW burds, anger, rage ; adj. angry, 
vexed, displeased, d. 

j<-»L) 'Pto^ birdsi, eighty-two. s. 
aukii»Tp bar-dshufia, excited, distracted, p. 
i!i)\jS\ji har-uftdd, fallen off, dwindled away. p. 
e3^^.i\j> bar-afroJthta, set on fire, inflamed.^. 

^j> burdh, the horse or Pega.8us on which 

Muhammad went one night from Jerusalem to heaven, 
and thence returned to Mecca. N.B. Our lexicogra- 
phers, Richardson, and after him Hunter and sundry 
others, will have it that this spirited quadruped was 
an ass ; on what authority I know not. a. 

/i\j> barrdk, flashing, shining, brilliant, a. 

^\ji barrdlii, f. brilliancy, splendour, a, 

J\S f^TirH birdm, uneasy, unquiet, agitated, s. 

'^\j> bar-dmad, f. lit. up coming: issue, ex- 
penditure ; informing (more particularly of bribery), 
accusation, bar-dmad hond, to ascend, appear, come 
forth, p. 

iS<^ji bar-dmada, m. a verandah, balcony ; 

issue, expenditure, disbursement, p. 
4_^.^*1 J bar-dmadi, an accuser, p. 

^^\j> bardn, time, turn, vicissitude, d. 

jj]^> burrdn, sharp, cutting, cleaving, p. 

13 \^ ^mm barrdna, a. to talk in one's sleep, 
or in a delirium, h. 

^]j> ftRRT birdnd, strange, foreign ; belcmg. 

ing to another, of or relating to another, h. 
>^|^ f^fTI«TT birdnd, a. to mock, to jeer or 

jibe, to taunt, h. 

^\j^ ^T^ST*TT bar-dnd, n. to succeed, to re- 
main at a distance, to keep aloof, to abstain, p. h. 

j'tij|^ bar-anddZf destroying, upsetting, p. 
t^y\}^ frCR^ birdnarve, ninety-two. s. 
i^y. WTJTff burans, m. the Rhododendron, h, 
J \j^ msHm or ^TJ^ bar-d,o, abstinence, p. h. 
«>jj V bardward, f. 1 calculating, estima- 
»«>jj\j bardwarda, m.J ting, considering be- 
fore hand what may be necessary for a feast, &c. ba- 
rdward-k., a. to strike out (of a muster-rollj; to calcu- 
late, to estimate, to carry to account, p. 

y^j^ f^^»n bird,ond, a. to vex, to mock, h, 
i\j> '^TJ15 bardh (for vardh), m. a boar; the 

third avatar or incarnation of the deity (among the 
Hindus). *. 

<"ii*fc M W^I^'i barrdhat, f. chattering, prating, 
ranting, talking incoherently in one's sleep, h. 

ij^\}^ "HT^nj brahman, a Brahman, a man of 

the priest caste among the Hindus, s. 

f^^^^J} "STSPH't brdhmanl, f. wife of a Brah- 

**man, a female of the Brahman caste. *. 

uuJL^fcj^ "^?I^[7T brdhmanetd, m. a young 

Brahman, s. 

&JUN»Jt)l^ 9(I4(|U1 brdhvianya, m. the Brahman 

sect, Brahmanism ; the state or quality of a Brahman.!. 

,i^\ji "31?^ brdhinya, m. the worship or ve- 
neration of Brahmans; astonishment, brdhmya-mu- 
hurt, the dawn of day, from two to four gkaris before 
sun rise. s. [cane. h. 

(_^^ ^^T^ bardki, a small species of sugar- 
iJ ]j^ ^TJ^ burd,t, f. mischief, badness, evil. 

burd.i par ulhna, or kamar bdndhna, to resolve on 
mischief h. 

fc^y bard,e, for the sake of, on account of. 

bard,e khur o posh, "for the purpose of food and cloth- 
ing" — a kind of settlement of property on a person for 
life, not transferable, p. 

(^ J^ bard,t, f. name of a species of grain, d. 
l^ bardyd (pi. of io^), creatures, people, 

nobles, a. 
iibo bar-bad, thrown away, given to the 

wind, destroyed, laid waste, ruined, bar-bdd-k., or bar. 
bdd-d., to cast away, to misapply, to lavisli or squander. 
bar-bad-h., to be squandered, p. 

(3oJ barbat, m. a sort of bean. d. 

\j>J burburd ni. (for bulbuld), a bubble. A. 

i^j>j> ''^TW^ barbart, f. a large kind of goat 

(from Barbarv). h. 

{j^ji '"f^^ barbae m. strength, vigour, 
prowess, bravery. «. 

^j> ( 107 ) 

JaJ^ harfmtt a species of lute or harp. g. 

(j^ji "^T^m barban, a north wind. h. 

^)^^ ^^^TT bur-bold, scurrilous, abusive, h. 

■x^^^ji '4K*1\kl'^^ barbhasiya, or '5T>Tftnn bur- 

hhasiya, aflfected, an old person wLo affects the man- 
ners of youth, h. 

^j} bar-pa, on foot, erected, established 5 

har-pa-lc, Pers. har-pa-dashtan, a. to pitch, to raise, to 
set on foot, excite ; bar-pd hona or rahna, to be or re- 
main established, h. 

C^j> war bi-at, "mjt barat, or ^ bart, m. a 

fast, a vow, a meritorious act, rite, or penance ; use ; 
part, flaming, blazing, s. 

O^ f^% birt, a right, custom, privilege, h. 

'^y>. '^(^ barat, a disease which affects rice 

crops ; a leathern girth or large cable ; the rope at- 
tached to the bucket of a well. h. 

O^ ^fffbriti, m. a proxy in the performance 

of religious duty. ». 

C^ji Tf% britti (corruptly bart), f. a stipend, 

a pension, income, estate, means of livelihood. (. 

Oj) ^TOTT bartd, that which has been used. h. 

Oj> f^njnbirtd^m. purpose, substance, power.*. 

00 fWifT brita, m. a grant generally of land 
to a religious person, or to a tenant on certain stipu- 
lations, h. 

IJlUy. M4jiHI bartdna, a. to distribute, to cause 

to be used ; m. old clothes, h. 
CiOliiy ^"^1^ brittdnt or britdnt, m. account, 

narration, story; intelligence or news; circumstance, 

mode, s, 

JoLllo\i>\> ^^TRItlWC britant-pattarf the re- 
cord of a decision given by a panchayet. t. 
y*i bartar, higher; exellent, superior, p. 

\^^j> bartarl, f. eminence, superiority, p. 

iwSj mi<.i\ \l bartush, land sown with sugar- 
cane after a rice crop. A. 

i^^j> T&TR bartamdn, the present tense in 
grammar ; existent, present ; commenced or set in. s. 

^ J ^•T o>' ^iri«i bartan, m. a dish, plate, 
&c., utensils, vessel, bason, h. [fleet, h. 

U5 J ^nnn baratnd, a. to consider, to re- 

\SSj> 4f^til bartnd, a. to use. h. 

^j> ^Tjnft baratnt or bdrtam, f. ortho- 
"graphy. h. [of jungles, h. 

^ji ^t;^ baratk, land situated in the midst 

«3j brita, m. (v. britd), a grant of land,&c. h. 

\^iv TTI brithd, or "3^ brathd (for vritha), 

abortive, vain, in vain. ». 

jIj "^?ft brati, m. one who fasts ; adj. en- 
gaged in the performance of a vow or penance. «. 

^J,ji f^ift birtt,m. name of a plant (a spe- 

* cies of Panicum). h. 

^j^ f^^friTT birtiyd, a tenant who holds his 

lands on a fixed unalterable annual assessment, h. 
j^j^ barr-tttar, m. the Indian grouse, com- 
monly called rock partridge, h. 

-,j> "3^ bruj (or burj), m. a cable, a large 

track rope, (a small one being called gun), h. 

^j> burj, m. a bastion, a tower 5 a sign of 

the zodiac, a constellation, a. 

—.J "3»T braj, m. a name of a district, con- 
taining the several villages of Mathura, Gokul, Brin- 
davan, 8tc., about 1 68 miles in circumference, celebrated 
as the land where Krishna passed his youthful days. 
braj-bdst, an inhabitant of Braj, an armed attendant. 
braj-bhasha or bhdkha, the dialect of Hindi spoken in 
the district of Braj, s. 

\»'j> bar-ja, in place, true, accurate, right, p. 
Iju?^ Mi^Rf^jl barjatiyd, m. an innocent 

kind of snake, h. 

Kjfrrt ^^^ burjari, f. a term of abuse ap- 
plied to a woman, such as brimstone, strumpet, &c. h. 

s1m*»-j> harjasta, right, proper, opportune, 
exact, A propos, prompt, p. [hibit. h. 

li>o ^'5T«n barajnd, a. to forbid, to pro- 

^lJy>j^ ^T^ftT &ar-;;o<ir,marriageable (a girl).s. 

i^j> burjt, f. a small tower or turret (the 
"cutwater to the pier of a bridge), a. 
U»-p C^^Ph^ii birjiyd, one of the subdivisiona 

of ahirs, q. v. h, 
/«i*ji»o birjis, the planet Jupiter, p. 
jg>-j) barchahh, m. (v.&arcMa,&c.),a spear, p. 

i*f^y> P^i«H birchan, m. a kind of flour made 

from the fruit of the ber tree {Rhamnus jujuba). h. 
,^»o -^^ brichchh (for V^ vriksha), m. a 

tree in general, a plant, s. 

Us».o ^T barchhd, m, "la (long, slender) 
ij^j> T^PF barchhl, f. J spear, a javelin. 

"barchha, barchhe, or barchhi-barddr, a spearman, h. 

uiJ^^jJ f^*.r«4<# birchhik, m. (for vrischik), a 

scorpion ; the sign of the zodiac bo called. ». 
dj^x^s-j^ ^nr barchait, m. a spearman, h. 
ij>-j> barchi, f. a spear, (v. barchhi). h. 
,J»-j> bar-hakk, for a certainty, rightful, p. a. 
^J> barhh or birlkhi little, few, some. p. 

C^i^^y. barkMst, f. recalling or removing 
from oflice, going away ; a breaking up of a court of 
justice, p. 

iJLa\»'j> bar-khdstan, lit. to rise up ; met. to 

go away, to cease, p. 

i^'^ji bar-khildf, on the contrary, p. a. 

^j^ji har-hhurdj success, enjoyment, p. 
y'^j!^ji ^^'''khu' clar, h^ppy, enjoying long 


life, prosperity (male children are so called, q. d. en- 
jojing the fruits of life), p. 

^^ji harkhe, a little, few, somewhat, p. 
us-^ barJihiya, the father of Asaf, q.v. a. 
liji ^R^ harad, m. a bullock, a bull. s. 

i^ji ^1 hurd, m. lit. carrying off, a term used 

at chess when only the king (on one side) remains on 
the board : it is a species of victory, but not so credi- 
table as checkmate, p. [gyric. h. 

^ f^^ hirad, m. fame, reputation, pane- 
liji bard, m. cold, frigidity, frosty weather. 

burd, a kind of striped cloth, burd i yamant, striped 
cloth of Yaman, or Arabia Felix, a. 

y<^ji "^t^R hardar, wide broadcloth, h. p. 

jiii^ bardoLr, hearer (in comp.); as sonte-bar- 

dar, stick bearer, &c. Ij.uklce-barddr (or more com- 
monly hukka-bardar), the servant who takes care of 
the hookah, or the luxurious qui hy pipe. p. 

\j^^y> ftar-<^a/-I, act of bearing, means of car- 
riage or conveyance, p. 
C^\i>ji bar-ddxht, f. endurance, patience ; 

stores, supplies, barddsht Jchana. a temporary store- 
house, p. 

\'S,***\t^j> bar-dashta, raised up, elevated, p. 

i^\^j> ^S(;<1*1 bar-dan (for vara-dan), m. a 

wedding-gift to a bride from her betrothed ; the 
answer to a prayer addressed to God, or to a saint. ». 

jbj^ burdbdr, forbearing, mild, patient, p. 
^Cjbiij^ burdbari, patience, forbearance, p. 
.S>/oii^ burdmand, productive, fruitful, p. 
f^'^ji bur dan (r. bar), to bear, to carry, p. 
tjjj^ji birdang,']^. a missile weapon shaped 
J!ii^ birdangl,) like a sword-blade, and 

■"made of ivory, horn, or other hard substance. It ia 
thrown with the hand, and much resembles the 
" boomerang " of New South Wales. (Binning.) d. 

ekjk>-j(i^ bar-dokhta, sewed j fixed or nailed 

upon. p. 

i jji barda, m. and f. a slave, barda-faroith, 

a slave-merchant, burda (in comp.) denotes bearing 
or possessing, as ndm-burda, named or having a name, 
the gentleman aforesaid, h. 

^:bji '^TM haradh, m. a bullock, s. 

Jbdj^ WS briddha, old, aged. s. 

fi>^J ^^ briddhi, f. vegetation, increase, s. 

^>ij> f^^li biruddha, opposite, opposed to ; 

against, contrary, a. [to be bulled. /*. 

Ubfcii^ '^tvnn bardhdna, a. to cause the cow 

Uj&ii^ ^T>nTT baradhna, a. to cover or bull 

a cow. h. 
(C«3^ iRi^ bardi, f. a drove of cattle loaded. «. 

i^^ji bardi (for hardly), the papyrus, a. 
*--*^.'^^ ^'^'f bardait, a panegyrist, a bard. h. 
(.54?.'ir? ^^^^ bardaihi, f. compensation for 

" pasture-ground, h. 

ifi;^ "^JJl bardd, m.1 any kind of sandy, light, 

^j'Sji ^Tst bardi, f. J or stony soil. h. 

]jj> ^ barrd, m. a rope, a cable, h. 

jji barz, ni. a sown field, agriculture, p. 

^jj^ barzukh, m. interval, bar, partition ; in- 
terval between death and resurrection, purgatory, a. 

{jjj^ barzan, m. a mansion ; a street, espe- 
cially a large and spacious one, a quarter of a town. p. 

(^j*»j^ f^ hris (for vrisha), m. a bull ; the 

sign or constellation Taurus, s. 

(^j»»j> ^TS baras, m. a year; rain, raining. «. 

{,jt*j> T^CTI baras, m. an intoxicating drug 

made of opium, h. [hcasJia). m. 

^'>**j> "^T^ barsd, m. the rainy season (see 

C^\*Mj> '^^^^^i[ or "^MIH barsdt, rain in gene- 
ral ; f. the rainy season, the rains. <. 

ij\Mj3 ^^TWi or ^liO barsdti, f. the name of 

a disorder in horses ; the farcy ; adj. relating to rain. 
barsdti fasl, the rain crop, or what is sown during th« 
rains, h. 

\x\t^j> '^X^fW^ barsdliyd, a servant en- 
gaged in cultivation who contracts for one year*! 
service, h. 

*u*»^ barsdm, m. the pleurisy ; an inflam* 

mation of the diaphragm, p. 

\>^u*tji "^^rfn barsdnd, a. to shower down ; to 

cause to rain ; to winnow g^ain. s. 

jlw»^'^^T^ harsd,u, raining, rainy season, h, 
(j-j***j brispatl (for brihaspati), m. Jupiter j 

" Tuursday. s. 

(-ii^J^ «[f?8r«ir brischik (or vrishchik), m. a 

scorpion ; the sign Scorpio, s. 
^\Lj»j> <4<4<J||I!<I baras-gdhth, f. literally, 

" the year-knot ;" the ceremony of tying a knot on 
the anniversary birthday of a child : hence it comes to 
denote a birthday, anniversary, a. 

{j**»j> ^^PT barsan, m. rain, or raining, s. 
Uu**-) '^l.<|fTI barasnd, n. to rain, to be wet. «. 
\Ju«»J f^T^tTT birasnd, n. to stay, to remain, h. 

f^\y**j^ ^T^T^TT baraswdn, anniversary, an- 
nual, s. 

\iPyiiji ^<Hin^*ll harsodiyd, a servant en- 
gaged by the year. The word is also written bar- 
soliyd and barsdliyd. h. [or rent. », 

(<!jy**j^ ^C^fl barsaufi, f. an annual tax 

i^'i Wff bar St, m. annual ceremony in com* 
"memoration of deceased relations. «. 

{jS»j> wt barsh (v. baras), m. rain ; a year. s. 
(^ji ^ brisk (for vrisha), m. a bull ; the 

sign or constellatioa Taurus. *. [ness. p. 

(J^j^ hurrish, f. cutting, cleaving ; sharp- 

\^ji ^v;\ barsha, or ^f^T barkka (for varsha), 

f. the rains, the third season (of the six), from the 
15th of Asharh to the 15th of Bhadu, rain. s. 

OjLi*^ ?%r^TT barsha-, barkha-, or varsha- 
ritu, f. the rainy season, s. 

j^^U>^ ^"t^R barshashan, m. yearly pay 

or subsistence, s. 

Ji^lJjJ <7^|c|iTci& barsha-, barhha-, or varsha- 

kdl, m. the rainy season, s. 

I3lji»y ^^«TT barshana, a. to cause to rain, 

to shower down ; to rain. s. 

part, raining, s. 

^\*>»ji '^^(y^ barsha,u, ^ 

jl^S^ '^rs barkha,u,J 

'■^i^j^ "^^H brUhabh (for vrishabha'), a bull. s. 

w^o hirishta, fried, broiled, p. 

(JK^j^ '^^oRT^ barsh-kal or varsh-kal, m. the 

rainy season, the rains. «. [aaiy. t. 

^'•jSj J TfQc^lfj barshrvan, annual, anniver- 
^jy^ji ^k\^ barshaufi, f. an annual tax 

"or rent. h. 

f^joj> baras, m. the leprosy, more especially 
the white-spotted or scaly leprosy, a. 

\^^j> bar-iaraf, aside, apart ; dismissed (as 
a plaint) ; also as a subst., discharge ; dismissal from 
office, bar-taraf-k., a. to dismiss, to discharge, to turn 
oflf. bar-taraf-liona, n. to be dismissed, discharged, or 
turned off. p. a. 

[ijiaJ bar-tarfl, f. dismission, discharge. j)m. 
itSs'j)^ bar-ahs, on the contrary , in 
(JL^-iso ba-raghbat, with avidity, eagerly, p. a. 

O^kff- J barghalanna (for warghalanna), a. to 

deceive, to wheedle, &c. h. 
i^ji barf, m. f. ice, snow, barf-parimard, 

sherbet, &c. cooled in ice. p. 
(2 J barft, f. a kind of sweetmeat; adj. iced, 
"or cooled by means of ice. p. 
J^ barh, f. lightning. bark-andaz (lit. 

*^hrowing lightning), a matchlockman ; also a watch- 
man, guard, or escort, a. p. 

.\jj> bar-harar, firm, fixed, established, p. a. 

*3-> burha, m. a dress, or kind of veil cover- 
ing the whole body from head to foot, with eye-holes 
to it. burka'-posh, one who wears a hurka'. a. 

tiJp «r«f brik, m. a wolf (properly vrika). s. 

CJijt barakat (pi. of C^j>), f. blessings, 
auspiciousness. hd-barakat, fortunate, prosperous ; 
fortunate in every undertaking, and communicating 
good fortune to every thing one is concerned in ; pro- 
ductive of advantage and success, a. 

k1^j> barakat, f. a blessing, abundance, pro- 
sperity, auspiciousness ; an inherent prosperity which 
produces success or abundance, a. 

109 ; ^J 

C^ji r«|i.<*H birkat, m. a kind of ascetics 

who have relinquished the world; adj. wearied, dis 
gusted with the world, ascetic, s. 

{J^j^ W^ briksh or vriksha, m. a tree. s. 
^^SxZJ~.j> bar-kashidan, to pull up, extract.^. 
'^j> W^cR^ barkala, an inferior clan of 

rdj-puts. h. 

,^<^j> bar-kandan, to root up, to eradicate, p. 
iSj> birka, m. a pond, a small well, the basin 

of a fountain, a. 

^j> "^^ brikh, m. a tree (same as briksh). $. 
^ J ^ barkh (for varsha), m. rain. s. 
^j>, ^^ '^^T barkha, f. (see barsha), painy 

season, &c. s. 

^**»l4<y 'W^^^nr barkhasan, m. yearly pay. s. 
^Ai^ji '^m^brtkhnbh (forbrishabh), a bull. s. 
UlaO vf 4^4:4 «{T barakhnd (v. barasna), to 

rain. s. 

»i^ ^ barg, m. an assembly of people of 

one" class, a multitude of similar things ; a class of let- 
ters of the same organ, as the dentals, palatines, &c. ; 
the square of a number. *. 

ci) J barg, m. a leaf; knapsack containing 

provisions or necessaries for a journey; a kind of 
musical instrument, melody ; a kind of warlike appa- 
ratus, p. 

\^ji "WUU barga, m. a rafter, h. 

CiJji mj l A bargat, m. the Indian fig-tree 

{Ficus Indicd). h. 

*'H}1^ bar-guzida, chosen, selected, p. 

fy^ X.^ bar-gashtagl, retrocession, apo- 
" Stacy, p. [apostatized, rebelled, p. 

BjJ^ji bar-gashta, changed, turned away, 
^ji ^iT«T bargan, partition, a share, h. 
iSj> Wff bargi, the Markatas are so called, s. 
jj^O ?^n^fc«/v/eZ, ortolan (Alauda). h. 
^ ^T^ burla, m. a wasp. h. 
^o f^ToST birla, scarce, uncommon, rar^ 

wonderful ; delicate, fine, thin. s. 

U»> birma, m. name of a plant (Trickosan- 

thes incisa). d. [worked with a string, h 

Lo ^^ barma, m. a kind of gimlet or borer, 

UlcJ <4A l«TT barmand, a. to bore. h. 

UUo ■NfT*n«n birmdnd, a. to stop; to tamo, 

to reduce to obedience ; to allure, s. 

jlo f^THr3i 6 jrma,M, taming, tamed,allured. *•. 
iJL>\^Mji f%RW7 birm-bhdt, a subdivision of 

the bhdt (or bard) tribe, h. 

i^^ji bar-mahal, one who is appointed tc 

the charge of a district, p. a. 

':^j> ^T?T^ barmaid, public, conspicuous, h. 
^j> f^T?»»n biramnd, n. to stop, to remain. «. 

( no ) 


9^j> birma, ni. (v. birmd) name of a plant, d. 
v^j ^i^T harmha, the people of Ava are so 

called, vulgarly the Burmese, h. 

^^j> W^\TlT.barmhotar(i'or'srv^t^braIima' 

hotra), a free grant ^ven to Brahmans for religious 
purposes, s. 

jj^ T^TIT barun (for varuna), m, the p;od of 

water; name of a tree {CrateBva tapia, or Capparis 
trifoliata). s. [even, but even, rather, s. 

(J J ^ or WCT baran, conj. moreover, and 
^JJ> ^^ barna, or ^T^ baran, m. colour ; 

a class or caste ; one of the four tribes among Hindus, 
«'iz. 1. brahmana, 2. chhatriya, of kshatriya, 3. vaishya, 
A.shudra; a letter of an alphabet; praise, description ; 
fresh earth carried into hollows by means of water. 
baran-k., to hire a priest for the performance of a sacri- 
fice or of any religious ceremony, s. 

Iv W4.HI barand, a small river near Be- 
nares. *. [^Cratesva tapia). s. 
U^; WUJJ barnd, m. name of a fruit-tree 
U- TC«n barnd, n. to burn, to be burnt, h. 
\jj> m,^\ barnd, a. to marry, s. 

Oj barnd, m. a youth ; adj. young, barnd 
v)a ptr, the young and the aged. p. 

^<o.\.3 J '^^T^T^ barndr-mattt, f. coloured 
"Boil of two kinds, one tinged with yellow, the other 
with yellow and white, h. 

2 y> biranj (or birinj), m. rice ; brass, p. 

t^\^j> birinjdrl, a grain-merchant, a camp- 
follower (with gram, &c.), a suttler. p. 
jj.^^ J birivj-phal, ^m. name of a species 
(^•A^ji birinj-phul,) of rice. h. 
ig^-i birinjt, made of brass, brazen, p. 
^ ji f^ftf^ birinchi, or f^f'g biranchi (for 

virinchi or virancha — see hidhata), Brahma, the Deity, s, 

ijjy ^ brind (for vrinda), m. a heap, a mul- 
titude, a quantity, an aggregation, s. 
\iiiji 't^ brjndd, f. a sacred plant, commonly 

callpd tnlsi {Ocymum sanctum.OT sacred basil : this shrub 
is said to be a female metamorphosed), s. 

■^^jjy ^^TSR brindd-ban, the forest of 

Brindd in the vicinity of Mathura, celebrated as the 
scene of young Krishna's sports with the Gopls ; a 
forest of tulsl trees, s. 

lSij> baranda, bearing, a bearer, p. 
Sl**»,,\j> W$^'«rc barn-sanhar, m. a person of 

a tribe originating in the intercourse of a man of 
one tribe with a woman of another, t. 

eiJ6J ba-rang, in kind, in the mode or 

manner, p. 

^U^^ W^mi^n harn-mdld, f. an alphabet. *. 
^j} ir^ or TC^»T barnan (for vaman), m. 

description, recital, explanation ; praise, barnan-k.. to 
extol, to praise ; to describe, to explain, s. 

Uiy H^H\ barnand or barannd^ a. to describe, 

praise, s. 

(3^ ^C^ifl oi Vi|'<*iT bar am, f an eye-lash, barn'i, 

an advance made for cultivation or manufacture. «. 

(J^ f^<.»i1 birnl, f. a wasp ; a small grain, h. 
iji ^T^ baro, name of a high jungle-grass. 

baru, the kalam or reed used in writing; a tube, con- 
duit, or canal, h. 

\jj r^rm\ birwd, m. a plant, a tree ; the 

labourer employed at the basket used in raising water 
for the purpose of irrigation, h. 

'^y. ^"C"*ii barwd, f. name of a ragini in mu- 
sic, by which deer and serpents are said to be tamed. 
baru.d, a soil consisting of sand and clay. h. 

j'Sji "J^^l^ barwdr, name of a class of people 

engaged in cleansing and selling rice. h. 

if^^v! r«r<,«li?1 birrcdlu, f. an orchard. Mr- 

wahi-k., a. to make an orchard ; to inclose with s 
hedge, h. 

cibjjjy ^<.«flT«*" barn)d,ek, name of a class 

of hereditary chaukt-dars, or watchmen, near the Se- 
walik hills, h. [barabar.) p 

j>^j> barobar, even, breast to breast. (See 
t-^j j^ f^^^ bi-rup, disfigured, ugly, birup-h, 

to be disgraced, s. 

U^jJ barut, f. whiskers, moustaches, p. 
O jiy ^T^cf barwat, f. a kind of snake, h. 
f^^^^j^ '*lO''jfl barothi, name of a tribe of 

"ahlrs, in the Mynpur districts, (v. ahlr). h, 

^jlj> ^T^ barwat, m. a tumour in the 

belly, h. [washerman ; a vestibule, b, 

^»lj> ^^T barothd or «f0il baratitha, m. a 
_.j^ buruj (pi. ot -^j^), bastions, towers, 

celestial signs, more particularly those of the zodiac. O. 

OtJjj^ burudat, f. coldness, chilliness, a. 
Jbiij^ f«|^V birodh (for virodh), m. quarrel, 

enmity, contrariety, opposition, s. 

^J^it^ji f^^^^ birodhi, quarrelsome, s. 
LLaSjj^ bar-Tvakt, in time, d la bonne heure, 

seasonably, opportunely, p. a. [absence. «, 

^iJj »^ fw^ birog (for virog), m. separation, 
(^jj^ fw^fjm birogan, m. sickness from the 

absence of a beloved object; adj. f. separated, dis- 
tressed from separation, s. 

tj^ji ffd'ft birogt, a separated or distressed 

"lover; a<y. separated. *, [('oil), p. 

>^^jj^ barumand, fortunate, happy ; fertile 
^jjjj biriin (for berun), also burun, without, 

outside, external, p. 

Ijbjjjj^ ^jO-MT baraundhd, m. cotton-land. A, 


( in ) 


l^ijj^ ^i^^T baronkha, m. a species of sugar- 
cane with long thin joints. /*, 
SjjJ Trf^ barroh, a name given to the uplands 

on the right banks of the Jumna, barwa, m. the name 
of a bird that feeds on fish. h. 

ij^ji ^T3 harwe, a kind of measure or ca- 
dence in language, h. 

ij> f^Tj^ birah, m. separation, absertte (espe- 
cially that of lovers), s. 

ij> f^Xl birra, m. grain and barley sown to- 
gether in the same field, h. 

ij} bara, also barra, a lamb, a kid or fawn ; 

the sign Aries, ba-rah, on the road; provisions for 
a journey, p. 

^ji ^TJ|T barha, m. a channel for the passage 

of water from a well to a field, or from one field to 
another ; a field where cows feed ; a rope or string, s. h, 

^ji '^^ burha, wicked, bad. h. 

Usj r<4<j^| birlia, m. separation, parting, ab- 
sence (especially of lovers), a kind of song peculiar to 
washermen, s. h. 

i^^ji burhdn, m. demonstration, proof, a. 

Oljbp ni4^MI birhana, m. land in which cu- 
linary herbs are produced, h. 
(_j\jby barha,i (v. barka,l), m. a carpenter, h. 

vJlA-M-Jt J ^IFlfiT brihaspati (for vrihaspati), a 

name of the spiritual preceptor of the Devatas, cor- 
responding to the Thor of the Northmen, and the Ju- 
piter of the ancient Greeks and Romans ; the planet 
Jupiter; Thursday, s. 

jVxILwJbJ ^^HC Trt H R brihaspati-bar, m. Th urs- 

day ; Dies Jovis. s. 

j^ji JCSi brahm or Brahma, m. God ; the 

' all-pervading, the divine cause and essence of the 
world, from which all things are supposed to pro- 
ceed, and to which they return ; spirit, the very soul. 
brahm-astra, a fabled weapon which deals infal- 
lible destruction to those against whom it is dis- 
charged. 6ra/(7»o-6/iq;, feeding of Brahmans. hrahma- 
putra, m. a kind of poison ; the Burampooter river ; a 
place of pilgrimage, probably the source of the stream. 
brahma-putrt, f. the Saraswatl river, brahvia-tatwa, m. 
the true knowledge of the Supreme Spirit, brahma-twa, 
m. Godhead. brahma-janma, m. second or spiritual 
birth, investiture. brahvia-daru, m. the mulberry 
{Morus Indica) brahma-darbhd, f. a plant {Ligusticum 
ajwaen). brahma-dand, m. a curse, an anathema. 
brahma-duitya, an apparition, Satan, ghost, brahma- 
rakshas, a kind of ghost or demon, brahvia-rdtri, a 
night of Brahma, comprehending 1000 yugas or ages 
of the gods, said to be equal to 216,000,000 ages of 
mortals, brahma-swarup, of the nature or essence of 
the Godhead, brahma- sesh, the leavings of Brahmans. 
brahma- shasan, va. an edict or grant, &c. addressed to 
Brahmans. brahma-gya, m. one who has spiritual 
wisdom. brahma-gydn, m. spiritual wisdom, divine 
knowledge, brahma-lok, m. a division of the universe, 
the eternal residence of the spirits of the pious. 
brahma-nirwdn, m. absorption into the Supreme Be- 
ing, brahma-vdd'i, m. a follower of the Vedanta system 
of philosophy, one who maintains all things are 
spirit ; an expounder of the Vedas. brahma-hatyd , 
the murder of a Brahman ; sacrilege, brahma-hatydrd, 
(fem. i), one who is guilty of the murder of a 
Brahman. *. 

jfi>j> bar-ham, confused, entangled, spoiled; 

angry, vexed, sullen, bar-ham darham, entangled, con- 
fused, topsy-turvy, barham-zan, an exciter of quarrels, 
an embroiler. bar-ham-zanl, embroiling, putting a stop 
to, interfering, preventing. bar-ham-zadan,to QvabtdLi 
lit. to strike together, p. 

Ufct^ Win brahma, m. (see vidhata), the 

Deity in the character of Creator, or matter personi- 
fied, s. 

^Ji)\^Ji 'a^^tl brahmadaya, m. any grant 

or perquisite bestowed on a Brahman, s. 

jjl^j "W^?^ brahmand, m. the top of the 

head ; the mundane egg (of the HindOs) ; the globe, 
the world. s. 

JLtA^ji 's(^\hA hrahmaxtra, m. a fabulous 
weapon, said to be the gift of Brahma, s. 

,^tji\^j W31TH«T brahmdsan, m. a posture 

suited to devout meditation, s. 

Cm>jm\^j l?Sir«1^ bralim.dwartta, m. the coun- 
try to the north-west of Delhi, lying between the 
rivers Saraswati and Drishadwati. s. [tiidstra), «. 

^^ljL*j6p "W51TR brahma-bdn (same as brah- 

j3j1^^j WtSi-MlfJclij) brahma-chdrini, f. a wo- 
man leading a life of continence, s. 
(^X^*^j^ "a^'^I^ brahma-charl, a religious 

■tudent, a Brahman, from the time of his investiture 
by the sacerdotal thread till he becomes a house- 
holder; a person who continues with his spiritual 
teacher studying the Veda, a pandit, an ascetic. By 
the tantras, this name is assigned to persons wiiose 
ehief virtue is the observance of continence, and it 
i» assumed by many religious vagabonds; the life 
led by a young Brahman before he becomes a house- 
holder, s. 

lOj^^ji '9[Vt^% brahma-charya or brahvia- 

charj, the profession or way of life of a Brethma- 
chart, s. 

Jt)S>j^j> {4^I.«V brahma-randhra, m. the 

aperture at the crown of the head. s. 

L^^^ji W41c!^tch brahma-lok, m. the world 

of Brahma, the regions above, s. 

c^y*^j^ WSPT brahman, ra. a Hindu priest, a 

Brahman, or one of the sacerdotal caste, s. 

\Jk9-^^Ju*iby ss(9^*7t«T*fT brahmana-bhojana, f. 

distribution of food to Brahmans. s. 

^c^j^ «r?n!ft brahmam, wife of a Brahman ; 

adj. of or relating to a Brahman, s. [maa. a. 

ljul»J&J "SIRTT brahmanetd, son of a Brah- 
xiS^^jj i4^^?T brahma-hatya, m. the murder 

of a Brahman, s. 

fe^ji barhamt, confusion, sullenness. p. 

{^rt fV<.5»f birhan or birahan, (a woman) 

suffering the pangs of love from the absence of her 
lover, a female lover whose beloved one is absent. .?. 

iS^ji barahnagt, f. nakedness, p. 


( 112 ) 


&JJ6^ harhana or barahna, naked, barahna- 
pa, barefooted, p. [separation, &c. ». 

fji>j^ hirahni, f. (v. birhan), sickness from 

i^j^ fw^ birhl (for virahl), m. suffering the 
pangs of love, separate from one's love. t. 

i^j> "W^ barhi, m. a peacock, s. 

^Afcy f^f^TT hirhiya, amorous, sensual; suf- 
fering the pangs of love. 

y^^ri "i^^^l barheld, \ 
i" «v fin. 

i^JJftjJ ^rS^QST barhela,) 

a wild hog. s. 

(^ji "W^ bari, f. quicklime; a dish made of 
"pulse; a wedding garment, or wedding g^fts in gene- 
ral, carried in procession ; it also denotes the marriage 
ceremony and wedding day; adj. strong, powerful, s. 

ijiji 6fl7'i,acquitted, free, clear, hari-dashtariy 
"to exempt ; (in law) a defendant released by the plain- 
tiflf from the demand against him. harrt, connectec' 
with land in opposition to water, a. 

{jj> Z»are (for 6are), at last ; however, p. 
tjrJ ^nff burri, f. sowing by dropping seed 

from the hand into the furrow, instead of sowing broad- 
cast or with the drill, h. 

(^j> ^T^ bara.iyOv ^ &ara?*,m. a seller of betel 

leaf, a cultivator of betel, h. 

.bv ^T^n^ baryar or '^PctTPC bariyar, 

strong, violent ; hence, rich or fertile (soil), s. 

\\>j> ^rmrr baryara or ^funiU bariyara, 
strong, violent ; m. a medicinal herb so called, s. 

i2\^*> birydn, fried, roasted, broiled, parched, 

grilled, biryan sdklitan, to fry. p. 

j^b J fVft'lt biriydn, f. time, space of time. h. 
j_^bv birydni, f. name of a dish made of flesh 
" and rice. p. 
\J\>.j> "^ftJl^ bariyd,t, f. boast, exultation, s. 

\Ajb J ^fZ\ barethd, m. a washerman, h. 

^^y>.j> "^T7«T barethan, f. a washerwoman, h 

^j> wtsi barej, 

\^ji ^^»n barejd, 

»^ji ^^t bareja, 

\^j> frrft^n birijd, m. Oalbanum. s. 

{Jy>-{jji ^rtJNrt burl-churl, f. the screech 

"owl. "ft. 

j^iX) J burtdan, to cut, clip, cleave, p. 

»iV J burlda, cut, clipped; a field cut by 

stealth by a cultivator, p. 

Ij V 'T^n barerd, m. a wasp. h. 
}>.*> y>.j> birez-bireZf overcome by, and yield- 
ing to misfortune, or to an enemy, p. 
yj^j> ^^ barix, m. a year (v. baras). s. 
^^j^j^ ^ftl^ bnresirl, a tribe of inferior 

raj-puts. h. 

m. garden for the cul- 
tivation of the be- 
tel, h. 

fJ^.j^ bareshim (for jL>,ji\)y silk, p, 

i^.j> ^ft*T barain, f. a (female) seller of betel 
leaf, or rather cultivator of beteL A. 

^,ji barln, on high, higher, sublime, p. 

^t^TT barehtd, land of the third qua- 
lity ; also a plot of land on which sugar-cane has been 
lately g^own. h. 

j> ^ns bar, m. the large Bengal fig-tree (Firus 
Bengalensts), also called the baniyan tree. s. 

y> ^ bar (contraction of bard), great, large, 

(used in comp.) as baf-bola, a noisy talkative person. 
bar-bhaku,a, a blockhead, baf-peta, big-bellied ; a great 
eater; greedy, avaricious, h. 

J> ^ bur, f. Vulva foeminea. h. 

yji ^fj\ bard, large, great, old, senior, prin- 
cipal; it is often used adverbially in the sense of 
" very, exceedingly." bard bha,o, money borrowed at 
a very high interest, bard miydn.a. form of address to 
an elderly person — venerable or honoured Sir. bara-k., 
a. to enlarge, to exnlt or promote; to extinguish, to 
put out (a lamp, &c. — to use the direct phrase is 
esteemed unlucky), bard rasta pakarnd. to enter on 
the long journey, to die. bare pep wdld hond, to be 
patient, s. [ment. h. 

jl^ \j^ "^'?T>?T^&ara-&Aa,o,a kindofappraise- 
bV^ ^s(m bardpd, 'I m. grandeur,dignity, 

(ji^j^ ^si"**T bardpan,) elevation, great- 
ness, ft. [with grain or merchandise. *. 
j\j> Orili birdr, f. a drove of bullocks laden 

bV^y ^^T»n burdnd, a. to cause to sink. h. 

blj^ ^TRT bardnd, a. to speak in a dream or 
in delirium, to talk incoherently in one's sleep, h, 

j\'j^ bardo (for barhd,o), m. increase, &c. h. 

J&\jj bardht,\m. a carpenter : this is a Dak- 

^\ji bardji, J hani corruption o{barha,t. h. 

^\j^ "WSI^ bard,l, f. greatness; boasting, ba- 

ra,l.k., to extol; to boast, to vaimt; to magnify, ha- 
fa,i-dend, to honour, s. 

jiji <|S«rf barbar, f. muttering; the light- 
headed talk of a person in a delirium. « 

y^J-^ ^TJJ?T burburd (v. bulbuld), m. a 

bubble, d. 
bU^JJ ^d^yiSfT barbardnd, a. to mutter, to 

chatter nonsense, to talk light-headedly, h, 

\^\ji^ barbardt, ") f. muttering in one's 
liLJ&V^jjV barbardhat, r sleep, as in a fit of 
i^l^j^ barbard,l, J delirium, s. 

^/^ «Ti^ff^ barbar iyd, m. a chatterer, a 

rautterer. h. 

^^J^ TTtPT Ixirpan, 1 m. greatness, gran- 

bov^ ^<7^T barpanaj deur, superiority, 
adult state, h. 

cL>j^ ( 

3j^ f^in birta, m.l purpose or object; 
t3jV r^ftfl birti, f. J power, ability. Ms 

birte par tattd pant ? for what purpose do you call for 
hot water ? a proverbial expression applied to a man 
who has not done his matrimonial duty over night, h. 

^V barit, f. (for barhil), increase, advance- 
ment, success, promotion. «• [cal. h. 
<^y>-ji '«fdHl<i burchod, m. a scoundrel, ras- 
vvJ burur, m. a basket-maker or a mat- 

maker d. [thing falling, d. 

uiJj^ ^TTofT burak (also buruk), noise of any 

^ T^ofcT barka (same as bar a), large; elder 

(brother or son), h. [cylinder of masonry, h. 

i^.^j^ ^i<^\^ barkuyan^ a well without a 

^_iv f%f^ birki, f. (v. birar), a drove of bul- 

■ locks, &c. h. 

«-iL*^ MiHi bar-gat, the Bengal fig-tree. s. 

•?"^''V ^f^'T*. bar-gujar, one of the thirty- 
six royal races of raj-puts. h. 

^yi ^^ buram, the noise of water, d. 

^V ?T»n barna (for barhna), n. to enter, h. 

\^j> y(T^ barwa, f. a mare; the nymph As- 

wini or the asterism designated by a horse's head, s, 

t^\^ ''^ TS'"^lf'«1 bartvagni,m. submarinefire. s. 

,Ax«Uv.> ^MIM^ barwamnhh, m. submarine 

fire ; the infernal regions. *. 

S^\j> ^ Jm'«Tc$ barwanal,m. submarinefire; 

in mythology, a being consisting of flame, but with 
the head of a mare who sprang from the thighs of 
Urwa, and vras received by the Ocean, s. 

^lt '•':> ^rix^ baroti, f. progression,advancing. d. 

'v^^.jj ^fW\ barunJiha, m. a kind of sugar- 
cane with long joints, h. 
bUftJ^ ^^(SVU burhapa, m. old age. h. 

j^'jbjo «rdl(^IH1 barhd-ldna,a. to bring for- 
ward, to lead on (an army), h. 

'J^Jfr^ 4dMI barhdnd, a. to increase ; to 

lengthen ;* to make advance ; to raise, to promote ; to 
extinguish ; to shut up (a shop) ; to remove the table- 
cloth and eatables, &c. «. 

J [ibji Tf^T^ barhd,o, m. advancement, pro- 
longation, increase, promotion. ». 

lj\jbj^ ^rei^^ barhdwa, m. population ; excite- 
ment, flattery, s. 

^^.Ijbjj barhdwan,Si round cake of cow-dung 

used as a charm against the effect of the evil eye. h. 

i^ \krb barhRyif f. advancement, increase, &c, 

(v. baj-ha.o). s. 

■ yifc^v^yj ^l^>nT burh-bhas, one who aflPects in 

old age the manners of youth, h. 

Ulfcj^ <ieriT barhtd, m. ^ increase, overplus, 

^JtjV ^T*^ barhii, f. J promotion.advance- 
** meat. $. 

113 ) 


i3*^ ^3"^ or ^f^^ barhal, m. a sweet ana 

acid fruit of yellowish red, and nearly round, h, 
(^j^ *ld«1 barhan, f. a carpenter's wife (see 

barha,l). s. 

'w3&j^ iTdHI barhna, n. to increase, to go on, 

to proceed, to exaggerate, to grow, to rise, to swell, to 
be promoted. *. \barhta). 

OuJ&j^y ^4 ♦ri barhant, f. increase, &c. (v. 

{^j^ '^d»ft barhm, f. a broom ; advance made 
" for cultivation, or manufacture, or contract, h. 
ly^ 5<?'*T burhwd, old, advanced in years, s. 
y ^'j^ '^rfttR. barhotar, m. "(interest; pro- 

t//y&;V <4dlri^T barhotari, f.J fit, advantage, 

increase, h. [j)uts near Benares, h. 

Ulybj^ ^^f^m barholiyd, a branch of ro;- 

jjb^ T^ bar hi, profits (same as barhotari). h. 

jjb^ ^^ barha,i, m. a carpenter. «. 

f. an old woman, h. 

^^^V ^^TI burhiya, J 

^J^ib^ ^fetrr barhiyd, name of a kind of sugar- 
millstone extracted from the Chunar quarries ; a spe- 
cies of pulse ; a grain measure of one sir. h. 

iiJt>y}'W^^ barhiyd, high-priced, costly; name 

ol a small clan of raj-puts. h. 
Ia^V^ ^§5^? harhaiyd, name of a species of 

pulse ; also a grain measure of about one sir. bafhea, 
a species of sugar-millstone from the quarries of 
Chunar. h. 

b jjbj^ ^fcn barheriyd, one of the sub- 
divisions of the cliamar caste, h. [swine, h. 
q ^ ^ g T oi- ^^^ barheld, m. a wild 

(jj^ burfi, sbwinf? seed by dropping it by 
"the hand into the furrow, d. \bcart). s. 

ij'ji ?T^ ban, f. a dish made of pulse (see 

i^ji bari, f, a fireball made of charcoal for 

the JttJ/ca (also called the gul). d. 
^♦4J b/b 'q fgm >TH bariyd bhum, a rich and 

fertUe soil. h. 
ii)^ ijy. VjhI^I bare miydn, m. an old man ; 

great sir, addressed to an old man. h. 
IU« ^^ (^yji ^Tqt*H f'T^RT baryaun men 

milna, to associate with elders, to be grown up. d. 

j> buz, ra. a he-goat, buz-dil, a coward, p. 
ji bazz, m. fine linen, a. 
\y, bazd, name of a species of bird. h. 
jO bazar, m. (for bdzdr, q. v.) a market, p. 
j\y bazzdz, a cloth-merchant, mercer, a. 

\j\j> bazzdzd (also bazzdza and bazzdzistdn), 
the cloth market, a. p. 

iJ\]}> bazzdzi, f. trade of mercer, haber- 
dashery, the business of a draper, a. p. 

Yji ( 114 ; 

^»^J> bazan (for bad az-an), afterwards, after. cU 
J^y> hazbaz, a kind of spice, mace, nutmeg, p. 
jX^jjt buzurjmihr, the famous minister of 

Naushirwan, king of Persia, who lived in the sixth 
century of our aera. p. 

'^^Jjy. huziirg, a grandee, a great man ; a saint; 

an elder, an ancestor; adj. great, venerable, p. 
i^jji buzurgdn (pi-), grandees; doctors, 

saints, sages, p. 
lO^jJ buzurgana, like a grandee,&c., nobly, j?. 

iCASjji buzurg-zada, of a noble race. p. 

JU*>i.f-fiV? 6M2;wr^-saZ,aged,stricken in years.^. 

jjJ*U ^j\> buzurg-manish, noble-minded, p. 

j^yjji buzurgwar, ancestor, saint, sage. p. 

{Jj^^jji buzurgwari, f. grandeur, reverence, 

highness, nobility, p. 
tjjji buzurgt, f. grandeur, exaltation, great- 
"ness; reverence, respectability, p. 
aJlpJ^ buzghala, m. a kid, a young goat. p. 

i^ji bazla, m. a jest, a bon mot. a. 

m\> bazm, f. assembly, company, especially 

at a feast or entertainment, p. 
jm\> ba-zor, by main force, on compulsion, p, 

i\> bazttf m. a sin, a crime, baza-hdr, a cri- 
minal, a sinner, p. 
lUAi^Ttbas, m. opportunity, advantage, power, 

authority, bas-ana, to be obtained, to come into one's 
bas-k., a. to overpower, to bring to submis- 

sion. i 

(j<0 f^ bis (for visK), m. venom, poison of 

reptiles {aconitum ferox), &c. ; met. it is sometimes 
applied to bitter things, bis-dhar, a snake, s. 

ijM^ bas, enough ; plenty ; very, a great many. 

bas-k., a. to stop, to seize, to put an end to. az bos 
ki, inasmuch as, whereas, p. 

L^ basa, much, very, basa-buzurg, very 

great, very noble, basa aukdt, generally, mostly, fre- 
quently, p. [estate, a. 

OL-O bisat (for bisdt), f. means, capital stock, 

I^Lm^ bisatl (for bisdti), one who sells every 
** kind of thing, a pedlar, a haberdasher, a. 
A**0 ft'flR bisdr, loan of seed upon the stipu- 
lation of ample repayment after harvest, h. 
OjU-^ fq^HKHT bisdrnd, a. to forget. 5. 

)o\m*^ bisdt, f. bedding, carpeting, bisdti sha- 

tranj, a chess-board, bisati bdzl, a play-board in ge- 
neral ; means, capital, stock, &c. a. 

^L*^ &?.sa(t,a dealer,pedlar,a haberdasher, a. 

l^^L-J f^mWJbisdkhd, f. the name of the 16th 

mansion of the moon. 3. 
JL-^ finni^S bisnl, great, lofty, extensive, s. 

j^L-^ nV4j|«i bisdn, f. an offensive smell (as ai 
fish, onions, &&). h, 

^jjL-j ba-sdn, like, resembling, p. 

oL*J «itii*ti basdnd, a. to people, to colonise, 

to bring into cultivation, to settle (a coantry), ta 
build (a city, &c). s. 

Ul-.^ f^«HT bisdnd (for bisdhna), a. to pur- 
chase ; (for bisrdnd) to cause to forget, to mislead, h, 
^Si[*^ f^^tv hisdndh, f. evil odour,a stink, h, 
i^jL*j '<4flNl.1 basdwarl, f. ground-rent, 

rent paid by villagers who do not occupy any of tbe 
village lands, h. 

i\^ f^^f bi^dh, f. purchase, buying, k. 

UtoL-J f^'JHTi$*TT bisdhnd, a. to buy, to pur- 
chase, h. 

^^\^ Pn^l^H buidhan, "1 f. stink, fetid- 
iiJJfcU*j f^Tdf^f^bisdhindfj ness. h. 
\i^^\^ fslflir^ri^l bisdhindd, fetid, stinking, h. 
^Sx>\^ C^^^J'^^ bisdyandh or bisa,endh, f. a 

stink, h. [dwelling, h. 

U**Vl/*^ ^'tr^TO bas-bds, m. a house, a 

aurtbu-j basbdsa, m. mace, the envelope of the 
nutmeg, a. 

i_\^--.^ ha-sdbab, by reason of, on account 
of. p. a, [our " Puss, Puss." h. 

i^jui f^juJ> bis-bis, the call made to a cat, like 
\3L»Jk,M<) f?^f^W»n bisbisdnd, n. to yield a 

sound as in the fermentation of putrefying vegetable 
or of vinous liquors. A. 

Cj^ bast (in comp. — for basta), bound, 

shut, frozen, bist (for bist), twenty, p. 

l1*^ ^^ bast or bastu (for vasta), f. thing, 

matter, substance; chattels, things, baggage, basat, 
inhabited, cultivated (land), s. 

UL-J bastd, VOL. the cloth in which a bundle 

is tied up ; a bundle, a parcel, p. 

j.IjL-j bustdkh, impudent, rash, audacious, p. 
jlJL-^ f^^JTR bisidvy m. abundance, prolixity, 

diiTusion. s. 

XiXL^ f^WT.'^ bistdrnd, a. to spread out, 

to extend, to diiTuse. s. 

ijXLMi f^WIlJ) bistdri, ample, diffuse, s. 

j^IjumJ btistdn (for bustdn), m. a flower- 
garden, p. 

j^lJL-J bustdtii, relating to a flower-garden, p. 

JL^ bistar, m. bedding, carpeting ; a bed, 

&c. p. 
jJL-J ^TTEJI bastar (for uas<ra),cloth, garments. «. 

\jLj ^^^ bastrd, m. the name of a plant 
{Callicarpa Americana), h. 

KjLo bistard, a bed, &c., peculiar to fakirs; 

the abode of a fc^ir. p. [stipation. /. 

iJi'L^i basfagi, f. binding, contraction, cou- 

( 115 ) 

■ iM«> 


f. a lizard, h. 

^»^^ hastan (r. band), to bind, shut. p. 
jjJL*) hastanl, f. a cloth for binding together 
" bundles of paper, books, ink-stands, &c. p. 
6Mj iZ/^ bast-0-band, an agreement, set- 
tlement, p. 

ij^L^ f^"^^ bistUft, 
b^L-J rmr^^<4 l bistv 

ejuM^ basta, m. cloth in which any thing is 
folded up, a parcel, a bundle (see ha$ta). p. 

(5-«J ^Wt basti, f. an abode, a village, a 
' peopled place, population, s. 
jX***^ bussad or busadd, coral and its root. p. 
c>w-J ^T^ bisad, white, pure, clean, s. 
\i>,y^ W^niT basudha, f. the world, the earth, s. 

-wJ ba-sar, at, or to, an end. ba-sar ana, io 

come to an end ; to succeed, to get away from, ha-sar 
jana, to be finished, to pass away, ba-sar-k., to bring 
to an end, to execute ; to pass (one's days), ba-sar 
le-jana, to finish, to execute, to acquit one's self of; 
to outstrip, basar-hona, to be finished, to vie with or 
rival, ba-sar amadan, to excel, to be pre-eminent, ba- 
sar burdan, to finish, ba-sar-shudan, to be finished, p. 

y**i f^HJC bisar, m. ^forgetfulness, obli- 

«iiL»U*«J frorrf bisrat, f.J vion. s. 

ft^j**^. ft'^STW bisram (for viskram), m. pause, 

a stop, a point in writing ; rest, bisram lena, to rest, 
to pass the night (particularly used by wandering 
fakirs), s. [to forget, to mislead. *. 

ULw,^ f^^nrnn bisrana, a. to forget, to cause 
l^«j; fr^TTnT bisrant (for vishrant'), re^Xedi, 

reposed, bisranti, f. rest, repose, cessation from toil 
or occupation, s. [finish, to pass, p. h. 

[>\^j^ ba-sar-lejana, a. to outstrip ; to 

Jij^ f^rn bisarna, n. to forget, to be for- 
gotten, «, 

13w«*) "ftrmin bisurna, n. to sob. h. 
j^»-^jtt*i ba-sar-o-chashm, with head and 

eye, i. e. most carefully, heartily, p. 
\x^ bast, diffusiveness, distension, a. 

Jli*«j bisfdtaj, 1 m. a medicinal root, poly- 

^\i— J bisfa,tj, J pody. a. 

La^^j*J f^'^t^MO bis-khapra, m. the name 

of a medicinal plant {Trianthema pentandra) : it spreads 
over the ground, and forms a circle of nearly a yard in 
diameter. /*. 

1 ,'^5^(j"J f^W^sHlU bis-khopra, m. the name 

of an animal of the lizard kind, about a yard long, and 
said to be venomous {Lacerta iguana), h. 

•Ji-^—^ ifrrfnTT hasgit or basgat, f. residence, 

homestead, site of a village residence, h. 
1.»mJ basma, m. staining (particularly men's 

beards) ; staining the legs (by the women) so as to 
have the appearance of having light drawers on, where- 
as they are in fact naked, p. 

j\»»-*o f^rairre bkmar, m. the name of a bush. h. 
,J-»— J bismil, sacrificed (any animal), bismil- 

k., to sacrifice an animal, a. 

, 4Ji^^*«J bismillah, in the name of God : this 

phrase is generally used by good Musalmans in the 
beginning of all actions, written works, &c. ; hence 
bismilldh-k., to begin, to commence, a. 

\^ 4l3ij»A«^ bismillah-hu,a, said of a child 

who has just commenced learning to read. a. h. 

&*«^ basma, m. a collyrium, or tincture for 
dyeing, p. 

^^g****^ r^<H^ bismai (for vismaya), m. amaze- 
"ment, astonishment, surprise, s. 
^^f*M^ Wfff basan, m. a dress, a habit, a suit 

of clothes, apparel, s. 
jj;*-^ fr^fT bisan, m. evil, fault; desire, lust. ». 

li*«j ^WTT basna, n. to dwell, to abide, to be 
peopled, to be built (a city, town, 8«:.). s. [cloth. «. 
vJu«»i> W9\ basna, m, cloth, a wrapper, pack- 

{JU>,^^ fvWi{X(Z bisan-patf^m. a habit of 

ijl(^j***^ Or^HIH bisan-pan,j indulging de- 
sire, h. [nu. «. 
i^.i^y**> ^^^^f{^^ Msan-pad, a hymn to Vish- 

CL^'y^^} ^TO'ff hasant, f. the spring ; one of the 

rags or musical modes of the Hindus; the name of the 
first of the six seasons, including from the ISthPhagun 
to the 15th Baisakh ; the small-pox (phrase peculiar to 
the Bengalis), basant-phulna, n. to put forth the blos- 
soms of mustard plants, ankhon men-hasant-phulni, to 
dazzle, basant ki }(habar. knowledge of or care about 
futurity, basant panchaml, a Hindu festival on the 5th 
of Magh, formerly observed as the beginning of 
spring, s. 

,5W) "^Wifi basanti, of yellow colour (this 
" was Krislma's favourite colour), h. 

(^-*> f^^nft bisnt, m. a rake, a debauchee, a 
"lecher; adj. delicate, nice, showy in dress, h. 
(J-*:? '^'^rd basni, f. a purse, h, 
y^ iV"? bisma (for vishwa), m. the universe, 

the world. *. 

\y^ f^^^ biswa, m. the twentieth part (par- 
ticularly of a fiigfts of ground), f. 
j\y>^ biswar, a mixture of spices, &c., for 

making curry, d. 

^J^y^ ^^rd baswari, f. a bamboo-garden, A. 

(^jj\y^ r«|»yr^ bisn-as (for vishwas), m. con- 
fidence, faith, sincerity, dependence. *• 
s^\y^ ftRRTlSt biswansa, m.l a fraction of 
^^Ji\y^^ PflM^lMn biswansi, f Ja biswa. a. 

L>**^J U^ ^T'fftTra bos bas, m. home, coun- 
try, dwelling-place, residence, s, 
j\j\y*j ?msl\mjii biswd-barar, collecting hy 

the htswa, or twentieth of a bighd, q. v, h, 
jy^ 'n^T basaur, a hamboo-garden. A. 
I 2 

y^ ( 116 

\3^^*mJ ni «l.«i I hisurna, a . to cry slowly, to sob.^. 
'jCj^y^ ftl ly oh^l bisrva-karma, the artificer 

ofthe gods ; tne Indian Vulcan. «. 

^^**<^ ^^^ basula, m. a kind of axe used by 

carpenters, an adze. A. 

^^y>^ '^W^^ hasuli, f. an instrument for cut- 

"ting bricks, p. 

8^*<*> f^^ biswa, m. the twentieth part, par- 
ticularly of a 6?^7(a of ground, biswa barar, assessment 
by the biswa. biswa-dar, the holder of a share or 
shares in a coparcenary village, h. 

(Cji458^-*o Oryt^lO bisrva-darl, a tenure of 

independent villages, h, 

t^^^J f^'Sft bisTvi (for uwAn)t),worldIy, belong- 
ing to the universe. s. 
i^y*^ fV^ bisrvl, f. alienation of land, on 

the payment of fines in advance, h. 

^^— »^ r^M^T bis,ha, venomous (as reptiles), s. 
jji^ fWF^ bisahru, 1 a buyer ; a pur- 

\jji^ ftrc^^^ bisahru,a,) chaser, h. 
ijji(*^ f%«^^ f. a phlegmon or boil on the 

hand ; a purchaser, h. 

^«0 base, abundantly, much, many. p. 
\ju*J bhyar, many, much, very, abundant; 

hisyart, abundance, superfluity, p. 

CL^Jft^i tp^filf basit, the head man of a vil- 
lage, also called mukaddam, or patil. h. 
.ju*) foffm^^ bisiyar, venomous, poisonous, .s. 

Iju-^ ^^TT basera, m. a time before evening 

when birds return to their nest ; a night's lodging ; 
a bird's roost, a bird remaining on its roost, basera-k., 
to roost. /*. [dance, s. 

KL^^x^i f^'^'^^b^sesta {^ovvisheshat a), f.^hwn- 

Viiff> basit, simple, uncompounded, ele- 
mentary, a. 

CLSs^ W#«inf &asUa<, inhabited, peopled. A. 

I^\i...> f^:^ bisehh (for vishesh), m. a parti- 
cular circumstance ; adj. peculiar, special, particular; 
abundant ; adv. particularly, specially, s. 

^)uu-^ f%^^ bisela, venomous, poisonous, s. 
^ju-^ basim., affable, courteous, a. ^pats. h. 
^ju«J ftr^«T bisen, a powerful tribe of ra;- 
IfciiJlf—.) ^>n basendha, fetid, stinking. ?i. 
i3sjjuO ^^ basend, an edible root found in 

ponds, &c. h. 

i^Ji^ ftn bish (for visha), m. venom, poison. ». 
C^j\Jl^ bashdrat, f. glad tidings, a. 
tj\^ bashara, m. a dream, a vision, a. 
(jJjIJLj bashshdsh, m good spirits, pleased, 

delighted, cheerful, a. 


\JL^ J>ashdshat,f. cheerfulness, alacrity, a. 
CULi fw^TI bishi,'\m. a kind of ta'alluh-ddr 

KJL*.Li f^ bisht, J or landholder whose of- 
fice is in the gift of government, k 
V^iiL^ f^OT bishthd, f. ordure, u 

j_^i;*> f?ft bishtt, f. rain. «. 
OcX^ ba-shiddat, violently, forcibly, p. a. 
jt^ bashar, m. man, mankind, mortals, a, 

*iJl^ HfiillH bishram, m. rest, ease, pause, bish- 

ram /., to rest, to pass the night (particularly used bj 
wandering fakirs). ». 

dA^Lij r«|ii||*fl bishrant, rested, reposed. 

hishrdnti, f. rest, repose. *. 

bS^J:j ba-sharte-ki, on the agreement that, 

so that, on condition that. p. a. 

ij^ bashara (also bushara'), m. countenance, 

the outer skin or cuticle, a. 
ijjt*i bashari, human, relating to man. a. 

CL^jtJ &a.s7i?-iy6r^,f.humanity,human naturca. 

ShAXi^ f^^oFir: bish-hapra, m. a species of 
grass used in medicine (Trianthema pentandra). ». 

ULx^, f^^oF^m bhhkanyd, f. literally, 
"Poison-damsel." A female who has been fed on 
poisons from her infancy. Such damsels, it is said, 
were sent by former Indian princes as presents to 
those whom they wished to destroy, as the poisonouis 
constitution of the young lady could immediately in- 
fect and kill an unwary lover. Ladies of this des'crip 
tion are said to have existed before the days of Co- 
lumbus, and the importation of anew disease from the 
\ new world ; otherwise the nature of their poisonou!^ 

. quality might be guessed at. (Binning), s. 

JLi f^^^ bisham, unequalled (in a bad sense), 
difficult, bad, excessive, difficult of cure. «. 

j^j^ fsf^M^pC bisham-jwar, m. a violent 
inflammatory fever, t. 
^jLi ff(W bishan (for Vishnu), m. (in Hindu 

mythology) the Deity in the character of preserver, s. 

iy>.fj^ f^M^ bishan-pad, m. a particular 

song in the name of Vishnu, h. 

iJ^ji^^iL> f^WtftH bishn-prU, land held rent- 
free by religious persons, especially followers of 
Vishnu; the term Bishnottar has the same signifi- 
cation, s. 

j\.Xo^.^-^ r^imil/lri^l^ bishn-prit-ddr, a 

class of Brahmans to whom has been assigned grants 
of land in the name of Vishnu, h. 

{jy^, f^W^ bislinOft or bishnaivi, a wor- 
shipper of Vishnu, name of a Hindu sect. $. 
(Jui>J fV^»ft bishnt, m. a rake, a lecher ; adj. 

"delicate, nice, showy in dress. *. 

l^^ f^'nn bishhd, venomous (as reptiles). $. 

fj^ rvM*l1 bisha'i or bishayl, sensual, 
worldly, s. 

^^JL^ f^W^ hishaya, m. any object of sense ; 

"any thing perceptible by the senses, as colour, sruell, 
flavour, and contrast ; an affair, matter, s. 

jxij bashir, a messenger of glad tidings, a. 

jJ^ f«( ik'ffi. bishiyar, venomous, s. 

(ji--^ f^^^hishesh,\si particular circum- 

»^^OL^ fw^l^bishekkj stance,8cc.(Y.bisekh).s. 

"^^^ f^^^ bisheld, venomous, s. 

\xZ*xL.> i^^mHJ bisheshata, f. abundance, s. 

OjUa^ basarat, f. sight, seeing, perceiving, a. 

li-oJ ba-sad, by a hundred, used only in 
Persian phrases, as ba-fod mi^nat, with a hundred toils 
or exertions, p. 

jto^ basar, m. seeing, discerning, vision, 

sight, understanding, knowledge, o. 

1>yAi basra, the city commonly called Bas- 

sorab, on the Persian Gulf. a. 
jJ-«aO basal, f. an onion, a. 
C^jyai ba-surat, in the way or manner, p.a. 
jAjoJ basir, seeing (met. blind), a. 

OjJuoJ basirat, f. sight, perception, circum- 
spection, prudence, a. 
eJo^ ba-s igh a, in the degree or mode. p.a. 

CL^\ta> biza'at, f. stock (in trade), capital ; 
agency, commission, a. 

ai bat, m. a goose, a duck. a. 
J\Ja^ battal, very foolish or vain ; false, a. 
CLJUa^ batalat, folly, vanity, falsehood, a. 
ilx) batakh, •) m. or f. (dimin. of bat), a duck 

LJiK) batak,) or duckling ; a vessel formed 

in imitation of a duck. a. 

jia^ ba-tarz, in the mode or manner, p. a. 
u_i>laJ ba-taraf, aside, apart, p. a. 
/yij^ ba-tarik, by way of. p. a. 
^jtla.> batsh, power, severity, sternness, a. 

jjiaj batl, m. rendering vain, abortive, of no 

effect, a. 
^^^)^ butlan, abortive J m. falseness, vanity. a. 

f^\±> batn, m. the belly, womb, inside, bat- 

noQ ba'd bainin, generation after generation, a. 
jJa^ ba-taur, by way of, in manner of. p.a. 

j^^la^ batun, m. interior part j heart, mind ; 

adj. concealed, a. 
^a^ bait, slow, dilatory; tedious, a. 

^/^ bittikk, a melon, a musk melon, a. 

jfcUa^ ba-zjahir, \ in appearance, exter- 
j^^jio ha-mhur, J nally, ostensibly, p. a. 
ba'tf m. exciting motive, cause, a 

f 117 ) J«> 

SfO bad, after, afterwards, subsequent, a. 

JjO bu'd, f. distance, remoteness, a. 

iSfti ba'dahu, after which, then, however, a. 

{,jmO bdz, 1 

UijO ba'zd, > some, certain ones. a. 

i^ojO ba'ze, J 

i^ojO ba'zi, some, certain, sundry, bd'zi 

"tab, various or miscellaneous items, sundries, ba'zi 
March, miscellaneous expenses, ba'zljam', aggregate 
of revenue derived from other sources than the Cus- 
toms and Excise, ba'zi zamin, in official language, 
denotes land exempted from the payment of reve- 
nue under various denominations, as altam^a, a%- 
ma, &c. a. 

dJuJtfO ba'^lbak, the city Balbeck in Syria, 

formerly Heliopolis. a. [of. p. o. 

f_!!-'^-\ ba-illat, by reason, or on account 

v--.>jJjLo ba'alzabub, m. Beelzebub, a. 

{^yt^ ba-iwaz, in lieu, or instead of. p. a. 

^^yO ba-aun, through the aid of. p. 

c^JLxJ baid, far, distant, absent, remote, ba'td 
'dkl se, foolish, absurd, far from wisdom, a. 

eJjjO bi-ainihi, himself or itself, in person, 

exactly, clearly, a. 
Xio bughdr, ^m. a breach in a wall j a 
iSjo bughdra,) gash, a deep wound, p. 

CjU^ baghdmat, f. rebellion, opposition to, 

and defection from, the rightful Imam ; violence, plun- 
der, breach of law. a. 

iJUjuO baghbaghdnd, a. to boast ; to bill or 

coo as doves ; to low as a camel, d. 
B.s^ baghcha, m. a little garden, p. 
\^ htghdd, m. a cleaver used by cooks or 

butchers, a knife, p. 

C>\^ baghddd, the city of Bagdad, a. 

(jCyio bughd'i, m. a kind of camel (of high 
"cost), p. {sewa.m). p. 

\j-ii-i bughrd, m. macaroni (also called 
^^J«.J bughz, m. malice, spite, revenge, 

hatred, h. 

Jj«^ baghal, f. the armpit ; embrace, baghal 

jdnd or ho-jand, to go out of the way. baphal-men lend, 
to take in one's arms, to embrace, bagtaibajdnd, to be 
highly pleased, to be in triumph ; to jeer, to jest. 
baghal sungnd, to be penitent, to regret, baghal gann-k., 
a. to embrace a woman, baghal mcii dabdria, a. to get 
possession of another's goods by fraud, bughfil gandli, 
stinking armpits, baghal-gir, an embracer in the Hin- 
dustani mode, baghal-glri, f embracing. baghal-men-_ 
mdrnd, to conceal (under one's arms) baghal men mundi 
ddlnd, to be ashamed, p. 

\J^)jo baghldndf to make way, to get out of 
the way. p. under the armpits, f. 

liJo Jio bnghal-hantl, m. a kind of robe tie 


( 118 ) 


^^O laghli, f. a disorder in camels, rubbing 

the thigh against the belly; a purse ; a kind of dumb- 
bell used in exercise, p. 

^^jjyti haghprda, m. a slap with the fists j a 

kind of short dagger, d. [ron. d. 

^y*^ haghpla (same as hagla), a crane, a he- 

^ii^ hagln, tyranny, oppression; rebellion, 

"insurrection ; infraction of the laws, adj. rebellious, 
refractory, a. 

Ijub haghiya, 'I m. a small garden, an or- 
s^^ hagtncka,} chard, a flower-garden, p. 

jiJo ha-ghair, without, except, besides, inde- 
pendent of. p. a. [formed on the head. p. 
IflJ hafa, f. a kind of scales or dandruff 
j^so hafler, fat, gross, bloated, d. 
^ halia, f. eternity, duration, remaining, a. 

(j\_ft_J, a grain-merchant, a shop- 
keeper. baJcJcdlnt, a shopkeeper's wife. a. 

bVflJ hakaya (pi. of &Aib), remains, old ba- 
lances of revenue, arrears, dues. bd^aya,e ba^, ar- 

rears on arrears, o. 

3^\3^ &a;fe-6ai^, foolish prattle, talkative, a. 
&^^ buJtcha, m. a small bundle of cloth, f 


j4>A^ ba-kadri, to the extent of. p. a. 

jSj hakar, m. a bull, bahar-ld, a festival 

held in commemoration of Abraham's offering to sa- 
crifice his son. According to the Mu^mmadans of 
the Sunni sect, it was Isma'tl that Abraham was 
about to sacrifice ; those of Shi'a persuasion hold that 
it was Isaac. It may be stated, however, that the 
name of this son is not mentioned in the Kur,an. a. 

g.jL»AMfl. > ba-kasamlya, being on oath. p. a. 

sjijh buh^a, m. a house, a place, a. 

"iiib hahlat or bdkla, a potherb, baklat-ul- 

humaJcd, m. (the fool's herb) purslain. a. 

Jb baham, f. sappan wood {CcGsalpinia sap- 
pan), a. 

Jyb bukul (pi. of jj^), plants, potherbs, a. 

J^ ba-kaul, according to the word of. p. a. 

iuib bahiyat, remainder, balance, residue. 
haktyatu-s saif, the remnant left by the sword, a. 

tib fww bik (for vrika), ra. a wolf. .■?. 

(.^ "WV bak, m. name of a bird that feeds on 

fish {Ardea torra and putea, Buck.), hdk-chal, a slow 
walk or strut like that of the bird called bak. bak- 
dhydn-lagana, to act with dissimulation, s. 

L^Jb ^!Mbak, f. prattle, foolish talk, bak-jhak 

the same, bak-jhak k., to prattle, to ( 
bak-lagni, talkativeness, garrulity. . 

\x} Vnr bukha, m handful, h. 

the same, bak-jhak k., to prattle, to chatter, to gabble 
bak-lagni, talkativeness, garrulity, t. 

OJ bakd or bukut f. crying, a complaint, la- 
mentation, a. 

(Oo^ buhat, a kind of sweetmeat, d. 
jOO f'T<*K bikar, m. the change of any thing 

from its original state ; disease. «. 

jOO ^oITTT; hakar, amount or value of a crop 

fixed by an appraiser by word of mouth, h. 

jOJ ha-kdr, of use, serviceable, hakar' 

amadan or -ana, to be of use. p. 

\j^ ?«irPCT bakdrd, m. a forerunner, a har- 
binger ; traveller ; intelligence forwarded by word of 
mouth, h. 

0.00 hakarat, f. virginity, maidenhood, a. 

(_^Kj f^oRTO bikds, shining, blooming; ex- 
pansion, display ; pleased, happy, delighted, t, 

<J\^ %cKT^ bikdl, m. the afternoon, s. 
*oo ba-kdm, agreeable to one's wish. p. 
ISK> f^oFTtTT bikdnd (same as bikivana.)t to 

sell, or to cause to be sold. h. 

jK^ f^cjTR bikdtO, m. sale, f^iirra bikd,u, sale- 
able, for sale. li. 

J|.\^ bakdrval, m. a cupbearer, a steward; 
a head cook ; superintendant of the kitchen, p. 

i}j^ bakdroall, relating to a bakdmal, q. v. 

f. cooking materials, p. 

^K^ ifcFnnT bakdyan, f. the name of a tree 

(Melia sempervirens). h. 

t-dbtdb ' j|ch<< ^ bak-bak, f. prattle, foolish 

talk, bak-bak-k., to prattle, to chatter, to gabble. <. 

UKjio «|ch<4c|iHT bakbakdnd, n. to prattle, 

to chatter, h. 

U^ ^^ baktd, m. a speaker in general; 

adj. eloquent, loquacious, s. 

(^Iji^ baktdsh, name of a famous athlete, p. 

Sx^ baktar, m. iron armour, a coat of mail 
a cuirass, baktar-posh, a man clad in armour, p. 

{jji^ baktari, m. an armourer, one who 
makes coats of mail. p. 

cL^So f^WZ bikat, difficult, terrible, s. 

iJLSj "WWZ bukatA 
,../ • ^ rm. 

Uio "^m^ buktd, J 


IsrT bukchd,')ra. a bundle, a wrapper, (v. 
&^ bukchaj bukcha). t. 

LilL^iib "fiFWffaBfi bak-jhak, f. prattle, foolish 

talk. h. 
j-jfc^ ^"^i^ bakchl, f. the name of a plant, 

"the seed of which is used to cure itch {Conyza or Sena- 
tula anthelmintica). s. 

Jy> bikr, f. virginity, bikr-torndy or bih^ 
phofna, a. to deflower, a. 

a claw. h. 


( "9 ) 


\S>> "i^KX bakra, a be-goat. (in Dakh. the 

•word is often, but erroneously, applied to a ram), s, 
j]j^ n^ciKK. hikrar, | terrific, ugly, hi- 

J)^ ftfRTT^F bikral,j deous. s. 

*j5o f<il tW hikram, m. great power or strength, 

prowess, heroism ; act of overpowering, s. 

ulAXr>-UyXJ r<4^Mlff bikramdjlt, the name 

of a celebrated sovereign of Ujjain (for vihram5dltyd).s. 
{jS^. iciiO bakri, f. a she-goat ; m. or f. a 

goat (generally) ; (in Dakh. improperly applied to a 
sheep), s. 

iS^ ^mni bikri, f. a sale, a demand, s. 

V--X) «rati<(r hahsa, astringent, hahsahat, 

astringency. h. 

l1*.» \ > f<!(«h' flirt bikasit, expanded, blown (as 

a flower), delighted. *. 

\x^ \ ^ ^oRH*n bikasna, n. to blow or expand 

as a flower, to be delighted, to smile, s. 

1 j .M. V ; ^c^u^i baksUfO, m. the tongue of a 

buckle, k. 
^ A .M. V . '* M'4i^^| bahsaila, astringent, h. 
(Ji^ ^<*'<5' bakul, m. name of a tree (^Mimu- 

sops elengi). s, 

(Jl^ r^ihc^ &?^aZ, restless, uneasy, troubled, s. 

y^ '^^r^ bakkal, 1 m. skin, rind, shell (of a 

^^ ^«ir^ bakla,j fruit), s. 

\3^)^5o ^oR^TRT buldana, n. to talk incohe- 
rently to one's self, to act or talk foolishly, «. 

Jy^ bukm (pi. of Si^), dumb, mute. a. 
S^. ^"ipr hakkam m. (v. ^\ sappan or 

red wood ( Caesalpinia sappan). p. 

UxJ ^cir;n baknd, 11. to prate, jabber, s. 
UiG fofohfil biknd, n. to be sold, to sell (in an 

intransitive sense, like the French " se vendre"). bik- 
-jana. met. to be dependent on, to be obliged, s. 

-l^ OTft^ bukm, f. a kind of digestive 

"powder, h. 

i^^^So ^cii'MIt^ bakwad, f. foolish talk. s. 
f^L>\i^ '^'^f^^T^ bakwddt, m. one who talks 

foolishly, an idle talker, s. 

(^jt»\jy^ "W^f^HS bakwds, f. talkativeness ; m. 

an incessant prattler. ». 

^\^ fV«F^T^ bikwdn, a subdivision of the 

Gaurtagas (v. Wilson's Gloss.), h. 

\i\j5o f^^^T*n bikrvdnd, to cause to be sold. s. 

Ut^jio ^cdcfi^ 6rt^7ya/ta,m. [chatterer, an idle 

^J^^ A<Ai'A\{\ bakwdht, f.J talker, h. 

\jj^ ^'ciri^HI buhotnd, n. to lacerate with 
oaila, to ■cratch, to claw. h. 

^^x^ qjohlcjjl bahold, m. a covering for the 

head, as a piece of blanket &c. used \>j fakirs, h. 

^^x) Tsfit^ bakoli, name of a green cater- 
pillar destructive of rice crops, k. 
„^ ^fS bikh (for vish), m, poison, venom. 

bikh-dhar, a snake (lit. poison-holder). *. 

,i^io ^^ bakh, the world, the universe, h. 
l^X^ ^^ bakhd, m. grass for pasturage, h. 
.l^5o ^^TC bahhdr, m. 'I a storehouse, a 
(C,\^io '^^T^ bakhdri, f.J granary, h. 
^^\.^5o "^^rnr bakkdn, m. explanation, praise, 

description, account s. 

UJl^So ^441^1 bakhdnnd or bakhdn-k., a. to 
praise, to commend ; to explain, to define, relate, s. 

t4^ "^^HT bakhar (v. bdkhar), a kind of 
plough ; also, a house ; an inclosure ; a cattle shed, h 

Uj^So Pf^MI bikharnd, n. to be scattered, dis- 
persed, or dishevelled ; to become angry, to be amazed 
or confounded, h. 

(g.^x> ^^a^ft bahhri, f. a cottage, a house, a 

round granary of grass, reeds, and mud, raised on 
piles, h. 

bj^ TfiNfC^T bakhriyd, m. a householder, h. 

]jX^ ,^ r«i 144<(M<| bikh-khaprd, m. a medicinal 
plant {Trianthema petandra). s. 

\j>^^ 4^ r«fM<^^M<| bikh-khoprd, m. a kind 

of lizard about a yard long, and said to be venomous 
{Lacerta iguana), s. 

jg^ fr^H bikham, odd (number) j difficult, s. 
^^V*^ f^^jfTT bikhmdn, m. the name of a 

medicine or poison, s. 

^4^V f^**^' bikhhd, venomous (as reptiles), s. 

f^f^ ^TSft &aMi,f.the side under the armpit, h. 

le^. f'T^ bikhai, m. any thing perceivable 
"by the five senses; affair, matter, &c. (v, bishaya). -. 

U^V ^f^nn bahhiyd, m. a kind of stitch, 
strong quilting, h. [quilt, h. 

XAx^i ^f^RTfTT hakhiydnd, a. to stitch, to 
^ji^f^ ^^T!5n bakhernd, a. to scatter, h. 

)jii^ ^^fT bakherd, m. wrangling, a tumult, 

contention, dispute, uproar, h. 
b^jA^So '4'^nf^l bakheriyd, quarrelsome, a 

wrangler, h. 

(cJ^4^ fr^nft bikhayi, sensual, worldly, s. 
^^^ WSSt bukki, f. a cloth brought over the 

shoulders under the armpits and tied behind ; a hand- 
ful, bukki mama, to pass a doth under the armpits 
and tie it behind, h. 

j_^ ^^ bakkt, talkative, a prater, s. 

^_f^ ftr^ bikki, m. a partner (at play, &c.). h. 

Jo ( 120 ) 

\jx> ftrsnn bakii/a,f.a. clasp-knife, a penknife. A. 
tk^ ^n*^ bakel, twine made from the root 

of the dhdk tree. h. 

^JoSo ^^i?5 hakelu, m. the root of a grass of 

which rope is made. h. 
Llfj ^IT hag, m. namft of a hird, a crane (same 
as bak). bag-chal, f. walking slowly (like a crane )_; 
(contracted for bagh) a tiger, hence bag chhandd lagna, 
n. to be stupified or petrified with fear, as one feels at 
the sight of a tiger, s. 

\^ bugga, a fountain, jet d'eau. d. 

.16 ^JJK bagar, m. pasture-ground: it also 
denotes forced labour for which no reward is given, h, 

\j\^ bugard, m. a large hole or breach, p. 
Vi;l6 MJlRtfl bagarna, a. to throw away ; to 

spread over. h. 

jV6 ftrnr^ blgdr, m. injury, violation, diffe- 
rence, h'lgdr-k., a. to quarrel, to forfeit friendship. 
bigdr par ana, n. to be ready to quarrel, h. 

Ujl6 OvJII^HI bigarna, a. to spoil, to mar, to 
damage ; to cause misunderBtanding between friends, h. 

jj'l6 fifiTrS^bigaru, m. a spoiler, violator, h. 

\J16 bi-gdna or bi-gdna, strange, foreign, un- 
known (for be-gana, q. v.). p. 

^^il6 hi-gdnagt, strangeness, &c. p. 

J^U^ ^^xmft bag-pdtt, f. the side under the 
" armpit, h. fcranes. h. 

jjJLG ^fJ^TRlt bag-pdntt, f. a row or line of 

iZ^ r«l'lfrf bigati, f. badness, misdemeanor, s. 

Ci,ja^^ I'TBT bag-chhut, f. galloping, bag- 
chut-daurnd, to set off at full gallop, h. 

\j\s^ ' ' ^ J T t^ l tff bagddnd, a. to cause to return, 

to put to the rout. h. [spoiled, k. 

OiiJ^ '<5f JI^ «TT bagadnd, n. to return, to be 
\X> f^JJ^ bigrah (for vigrahd), m. quarrel, 

strife, s. 

\^J^. T'lO bagart, a species of rice, cultivated 

chiefly in the province of Benares, h. 
i^iXkiXi VIT^ hagrendi, f. the name of a 

plant {Jatropha curcas, Lin.), h. 

v^ '^T^s bagar, m. a kind of rice. k. 

\j^ fTTT bagrd, m. trouble; cheat, deceit. 

bagra-k., to evade the payment of one's debts, or the 
performance of a promise, h. 

\3]f6 Ot'IIH! bigarna, n. to be spoiled, da- 
maged, or marred, to fail, to miscarry ; to quarrel, to 
disagree, to be enraged, h. 

f^j^ f^TTft bigr'i, f. spoil, damage, war, battle* 

misunderstanding, h. 

\>j^ ^Tlfrm bagriyd, m. a deceitful person, h. 

^^.6 ^JT^fT;trr bagxariyd, a small clan of 

r^-f)Hts in the Muradabad districts ; also of a branch 
of Kanauj Brahmans. h. 


Uui-x^ f^i|H«fT bigasnd, n. to blow, to expand 

(a flower), &c. (v. bikasnd). s. 
y^ ^TcJJ'l bagld, ^II<J5I baguld, m. the name 
of a bird, a white crane or heron, commonly called by 
Europeans " the paddy bird " (Ardea torra and piUea, 
Buck?), bagld-bhagat, a hypocrite, h. 

jW6 4|i|HR bugmdr, m. a musketoon or blun- 
derbuss, h. 
^JoXi fifi]^ bigandh, f. stink, foetor. s 
y^ ^n^T baguld, m. a whirlwind, h. 
^io f%iT^ bighd, m. a quantity of land con- 
taining twenty katthas, or 120 feet square, h. 
jl^ ^Tju: baghdr, m. the spices which are 

mixed with food to give it relish ; seasoning, condi- 
ment, h. 

v3j^^ ^^nT«TT baghdrnd, a. to season, h. 

,y^ f^R^ bigahtt, rent per btghd, fixed 

on lands, h. [vention, interruption. «. 

(i;4^ f^^R highan, m. hindrance, stop, pre- 
''-^4^ ^"*I«n baghnd, m. the teeth and nails of 

a tiger which are hung round the neck of a child to 
serve as a charm, s. 

(j**\^ ^^^'H bag-ham, m. the name of a 

bird, a grey goose. «. 

V*^ WMH^I baghnahd, m. name of a medi- 
cinal herb with a fragrant root ». 
^,^Xj ^rft &a<7Ai, f. a horse-fly. h. 

J.A^ ^^ baghel, m. the name of a tribe 

of rdj-futs (lit. tiger's whelps), h. 

y^i:^ 'MM^Sl bagheld, m. a rdj-put of the 

baghel tribe ; also a tiger's whelp. *. 

^^^ ^f'RF bagiyd, { 

1 ifj _!, , , _ r f. a little garden. ». A. 

U'A^ ^if^^ bagicha, I ^ "^ 

i-Jjii^ ^ni!t bageri, f. an ortolan. A. 

Jj ^155 ia/, m. a coil, twist, convolution ; 

side, direction, bal-ddr, crooked, twisted, coiled, 
convoluted, bal-dend, a. to twist, hal-khdna, to be 
twisted. A. 

(J^ W^ bal, m. power, strength ; semen virile; 

the elder brother of Krishna, Bala-Rdma ; (for bali) the 
king of Pdldl, or the infernal regions ; a sacrifice, an 
offering, bal- be, iuterj. bravo! bal-jdnd or bal-bal-jand, 
to be sacrificed, bal-dena or bal-karnd, to sacrifice, s. 

(J«> "^f^hali, an ot)laiion, a religious offering ; 

presentation of food to all created beings ; one of the 
five great sacraments of Hindu religion : it consists in 
throwing a small parcel of the offering, ghi, rice, or 
the like, into the open air at the back of the house ; 
an animal fit for an oblation ; a king and Daitya ; 
also Mahd-bdli, the virtuous sovereign of Mahdbalipur, 
tricked out of the dominions he had obtained over 
earth and heaven by Vishnu, in the Vdinan or dwarf 
Avatar, and left, in consideration of his merits, the 
sovereignty of Patala, or the infernal regions, s, 

^y> "^ bid, f. vulva foeininea. h. 
^f^bil, \ 


( 121 ) 


y^ ^^ bala, TO. an aquatic and medicinal 

plant {Sida rhomUfolia, rhomboidea, and cordlfolia). s. 

y^ hala, f. misfortune, calamity, accident, 
vengeance, evil, or mischief, bala-zada, one who is 
struck with misfortune, bula-kash, one who suffers 
under affliction, &c. bala-garddn, that which averts 
evil, bala-nastb, one of evil destiny, a. 

y^ hila, without; hila taraddud, without he- 
sitation, bila tawdk^f, hastily, speedily, bila-nagha, 
unhesitatingly, without delay, a. 

y^ '^^ halla, m. a pole or boat-hook. h. 

y^ f^WT hilla, m. a male cat. s. 

y^, hilla, m. a breast-plate or badge as worn 

by peons, policemen, &c. : a tablet or flat piece of me- 
tal ; also a string confining the hilt of a sword or dag- 
ger to the sheath, d. 

'^ ^TOT bulla, m. a bubble, h. 
^^ halahar, a kind of jacket, p. 
jjj^ ^qSTT^ halabal, strong and weak. s. 
^^t^^^ '<i'^\W^^\ buld-bhejna,a. to send for, 

to invite. Ii. [plaint, s. 

Cy^^ f^oST^ Inldp, m. lamentation, com- 

Uj^ f^^rnm bUdpnd, u. to lament, to be- 
wail. ». 

jK'i^ ^T^STrliTT baldtkdr, m. violence, op- 
pression, exaction ; (in law) the detention of a debtor 
and violence exercised upon him to recover a debt. s. 

K^^ tlc^lPrHclil buldtmiha, f. a sort of sun- 
flower {Heliotropium Indicum). s. 

CLf*^ ^^5Tf baldt, m. a sort of bean. h. 

i3^ bildd(p]. of 4i«b), cities, towns, countries, 
provinces, territories, a, [clothes, p. 

jiiib balddur, va. a nut used for marking 

.j(i^ bald-dur, averting an evil omen (lit. 
" far be the evU "). a. p. 

j^ 0Vc|&|41 bild?' or ftRTTC biliary m. a male 

cat. s, 

i„j**^ PWc^l^ bilds, m. pleasure, satisfaction, 
delight, s. [pleasure. ». 

j^^ f^^ynft bildsi, voluptuous, addicted to 

(^'^ W^n^ baldsh, m. the phlegmatic hu- 
mour. «. 
^^ balla, an enormous eater, a glutton, a. 

O^^ baldghat, f. eloquence ; maturity, a. 

J^ "^1551^ buldk, m. an ornament worn in 

the nose. /*. 

^^ M^lehi baldkd, f. a sort of crane, h. 

J^ bildl, the name of the crier who an- 
nounced to the people when Muhammad said prayers.a. 

^^ r«t<g 1 g T bildld (v. bilalld), foolish, sim- 
ple, h. 
IJ^^ ^l^^«n bidd-ldnd, a. to summon, k. 
ciD^ W55T^5cir baldlak,m. the Caronda (Ca- 

rissa carandas). s, 

U^ ^R T buldnd, a. to callj invite, bid. A. 

0^ f%^»n bildnd, a. to cause to vanish, to 

dissipate; to dispose of; to distribute; n. to retire, to 
vanish, to be lost. A. 

13^J fif^Hl billdnd, to weep, whine, h, 

d>^*:^i n^oSIn^ bildnd, f. a span. h. 

Uai^ ^(jlPyHT baldnchitd, f. a sort of viud 

or lute, called also Rainess lute. s. 

C^y^ '^^Tf^TT &aZawm<,strong, powerful, s. 
j^ f^R bild,o, m. a tom-cat. s. 

j'ah ^r^n^ bald,o, any thing very cheaply pur- 
chased ; adj. dog cheap. A. 
^5^ ^^T^ biddwd, m. act of calling, h. 
'jyh ftr^HTf bildwar (v. bild,o), a he-cat. s. 
Jj^ fw^^^ bildtval, f. the name of a ra- 

gini in music, h. [mens, h, 

iJl^'ah ' Mf^[i Z buldhat, f. calling, call, sum- 
jl*^ qf ^T ^ T: baldhar, a low-caste servant, a 
village guide or messenger, h. 
t^*^ M<^\{\ baldhif m. a worker in hides and 
"leather (v. chamdr). h, 

^J^ fW^S\% bild'i, f. a she-cat; a grater for 
scraping pompions, &c. bila,t-kand, m. name of a me- 
dicine. $, 
t^ib bald,e (same as bald), f. accident, mis- 
"fortune. bala,e bo^ma, trash, stuff, filth, matter, a. 
iS*^ ^rart baUd,i, m. a kind of village ser- 
" vant, for cutting wood and preserving the village boun- 
daries, h. [of a medicine, h. 

iSJ^tJ^ r^tjl^"* ' ^ bild,i hand, m. the name 
iO^ ^^T^ baldya, m. a plant (Capparis 

trifoliata). s. 

^(ij*^ ? C!iH^<^ ' *T T bald,en lend, OY^<i^\^^^^ 

'bald,i lend, to draw the hands over the head of another 
in token of taking all their misfortunes upon one's self, 
a practice peculiar to females, h. [its fruit, s. 

c-»b i^^T bilb (for vilva), m. the bel tree or 
uJo ba-lab, at the lip, or to the lip, applied 

"to one in great distress, when the soul is " come to 
the lip ;" balab-dnd, i. e. when he is on the point of 
death, p. 
Uo Jj TqSTSiT bal-bakrd, m. a person who 

dies in a battle, &c., without doing any thing, s. 

J^b bulbul, f. a nightingale: in India, a 

shrike. The husaini bulbul and sultdnl bulbul are two 
very beautiful species of this little bird, which bear 
no resemblance whatever to a nightingale ; neither is 
the Persian bulbul at all like the English nightingale, 
but a rather smaller bird of the same genus. The 
husaini bulbul has a white body, wings, and tail, with a 
black-crested head. The sultanl bulbul has a reddish 
or chesnut body and wings, with black crest. Botli 
species have very long tails like the bird of paradise.— 
Binning, p. 

^Lb ^ rt ' *< ^T bulbuld, m. a bubble, s. 
l3!iLb ^ c^^cjiMl balbaldnd, n. to ferment (as 

sour milk, curds, Ssc.); to be inflamed with lUSt; to 
make a noise (a camel) from lust, h 

C 123 ) 

UVoA^ f^^f^QJHI bilbildna, n. to be restless, 

to be tormented with pain, to complain from pain ; 
to weep, to whine, whimper, h, 

^^fb T9K hallabh, dear, beloved ; m. a mas- 
ter, superintendant ; a favourite; a friend, t. 

UV^jJa ^^>TRT halhhana, a. to allure. *. 
,ti.^jkb ^^JH^ hal-hhadra, ra. a strong robust 

man ; the nameofBalarama, Krishna's elder brother. «. 
^L/^^^y^ T5J>Tt^ bal-bhog, taking possession by 
force of another's right, h. 

le^ ?cj5^ bal-be, bravo ! well done ! k, 

.LJj '^<^<^< bal-bir, the brave, the heroic ; an 

epithet applied to the brothers Krishna and Balarama 
(m the Prem-sdgar). s. 

jOf^ ^^TiTTT bal-tar, m. the male palm or 
toddy tree (Borasstts flabelliformis). h. 

jKib <4($i«hR balat-har, any act of violence, 

as robbery, rape, &c. s. 

.yOj WcJScf)^ bal-tor, 1 m. a pimple, a sore, a 

j>j3a g|<jirng bal-tor, j small boil (supposed 
to be cause'd by the breaking or pulling out of a 
hair), s. 

^-^ f^557»n bilatna, n. to become bad. h. 
^F . f%^j^*n bilachna, to extract, to select, as 

passages from books ; to pick, to cull, h, 

)e>{^ ba-lihaz, with regard to. p. a. 

ib balkh, a famous city in Bactriana. halkhi, 

l)elonging to, or made in BalkJi. p. 
liJj balad, a city, town ; a country, a. 

1^ ^^ balad, a bullock that carries a bur- 
den ; a drove of cattle, bullocks, horned beasts, h. 

j\i^ bal-dar, crooked, twisted, coiled; m. a 
species of wheaten cake, h, [tries, a. 

j^^iiJj buldan (pi. of »i>b), cities, towns, coun- 

j^liiJj v^f^t^itf bali-dan, m. act of sacrificing 

or offering a sacrifice to a deity, s. 

«j\;ib baladana, m. a tax on laden oxen. h. 

j\ti*b ^^5^31 baldajUf m. a bullock-driver ; a 

name of Balarama. s. [exaction, p, 

(J*Mii\^ bal-dastt, f. unauthorised or oppressive 

ii^ balda, m. a city, a town. a. 

^\toi^ baldihUft, compensation for pasture- 

' ground, h. 

ij^ W^^ baldi, "i a bullock-driver, or 

^.'^ ^T^sftpTT baldiya,) one who loads bul- 
locks, s. [Bo/arfima, ISLrishna's elder brother. «. 
y_t\b ^5J^^ baldev, a cow-herd ; the name of 
^y,ii>b iftJJ^m bal-deva, f. a medicinal plant 

commonly called Trayuman. t. 
\X> r^«j5U bilrd, m.'d. he-cat; a kind of cloth, s. 

ft}X> ^T^TTW bala-rama, the elder brother of 
Krishna. «. 


'^)ji^ T55'0?S bal-rand, f. a widow who lost 

her husband while very young, s. 

'4{/^ ^^TC^ bal-rakh, m. a person put in 
charge of property imder distraint for arrears of reve- 
nue, g. [ofGilead. a. 

^LJj balasan, the balsam-tree, balsam, balm 
d^— b f^T^S^ bilast, f. a span (v. bilisht). p. 
buJj ftr^^nn bilasna, n. to be pleased, to be 

satisfied, to be delighted, s, 

j6J^A> H^ii^K balsundar, name of a kind 

of (sandy) soU In 'Azim-gafh ; clay much mixed with 

sand. h. 

(^M bilisk, If. a span, the extent from the 

ulA-ib bilisht, J tip of the thumb to that of 
the little finger when stretched, p. 

jUb bu lgh ar, Bulgaria; Russia-leather, p. 

j»«b balgham, ra. phlegm ; a running at the 

nose from cold. o. 

j^»ib balgharni, phlegmatic, a. 

jfiX> balfam m. or balfam kt takhii, a school- 
boy's slate for writing or cyphering, d. 

jjwjiib balkls, the name of the queen of 
Sheba, according to the Musalmans. o. 

oM^fcaZAawa, a. to bring under one's own pos- 
session or charge, d. 

i^MJ bilk, a spark, balki, but, moreover. 
bilak, a gift, bilik, adhesiveness, buluk, a large pro- 
minent eye. p. 

^■^b "^^mz balkat, rent taken in advance. /*. 
(_^>b ^^TSfr^balkafi, f. name of a tax formerly 

"exacted at the commencement of reaping, h. 

bXjj 'Mc6«li<11 balahna, a. to open ; to speak 
indistinctly from excessive joy or intoxication. *. 

^-i*^ fVc$«li*1I bilahna, n. to sob, to cry vio- 
lently, as a child ; to long for, to desire eagerly, A. 

&xb balki, moreover, on the other hand ; 

but, nay. p. 

^j^f^ f^r^slfmi bilkhariya, name of a tribe 
of RajpQts, so called from Bilkhar in Oode. A. 

^4^ f^^S^RT hilakhna, a. to see, to look 
at, perceive, behold ; n. to be displeased. «. 

cL^ f^T bilag, separate; m. separation, 
difference, bilag manna, n. to be displeased, angiy, 
offended, t. 

bub r«lc:j&JH«n bilgana, a. to separate, to part. s. 

jUb fw^SJJJ^ bilgd,o,m. separation, parting. «. 

bcCb W^TTT bilagnd, n. to separate, to be se- 
parated, to curdle, to turn (as milk). A. 

bj3j sfci&'HI balgand, m. a sob; sobbing, s. 
>b f^oTSTT bilalld, foolish, simple, silly, h. 
b^ r<(cj&Q&IHl bilaldnd, n. to lament, h. 
^b fr^R bilam, m, delay, long stay. a. 

^ ( 123 

^ ^i^n hallum, m. a spear, hallam-hardar, 



a spearman; adj. having a very lai^e and broad 
head, h. 

W, 1 


m. a lover, a husband. «. 

*V ^"^ balam, 

'^■J^ ^c^^l balmi 

^IJj f%cJ*TT«n hilmana, a. to allure, to tan- 
talise, h. 

c-jkjj fw^Jlf hllamh, m. delay, long stay. 5. 

^JUL^ r<4c<&^HT bilambna, n. to stay, to tarry, 

to delay, s. Qong stay. *. 

,-.^f%b ft|^y»T bilambh (for vilambk), m. delay, 

\jk^x»b f^55»7*n bilambhna, n. to stay, to 

tarry, delay. #. 

^j^ f<>l($H«1l bilamncij to delay, tarry ; to 

stop, remain, s. [flaccid, t. 

(^b f%^y*T balin, shrivelled, wrinkled, flabby, 
^ ?Q5«Tr balna, n. to burn, to be burnt, h. 
lijjo bulancl, high, elevated, exalted, sublime, 

tall, buland-paya, of high rank, buland-hausila, am- 
bitious, aspiring, buland-nazar, of exalted views, aspi- 
ring, huland-himmat, ambitious, of lofty intention, p, 

t^AJjj 6z</anfZi,f.height,elevation,exaltation.p. 

sXib «((^r*14f^ bal-nigrah, m. weakening, re- 
ducing strength. «. [ascend. A. 
Uxib r<4<^^«1l bilangna, a. to climb, to 

^ib ftr^*ft &?7Mi, f. a stye or stithe, the dis- 
order in the eyelids, h. 

Sb ^^^l balwa, m. a tumult, riot, sedition, 
mutiny, alarm, h, 

\^ ^(AV\ balu,a or baluwa, sandy, s. 

^\*b ^oS^T^n balwala,\ . , ^ 

f^; ^^ _ >-poweriui, strong, s. 

jjj'yj T55^T»T balwan, J 

^^Jj 4^<4|til bulwana, a. to cause to be 

called or sent for. h. 

\3^ ly^q^T balwatta, f. strength, power, s. 

J jb billaur, m. a kind of stone, crystal ; cut 

glass, a. [ing, ennobling, t. 


^1^ <frt<*( T balurna, a. to scratch, to tear 

(with nails), h. 

(jj^ billauri, made of crystal or glass : the 

^^? ^^^1 balula, m. a bubble (of water). •. 
b^ f%^»TT bilona, \ a. to churn (also 
^j^ f^^J^«n&?"Zon;ana,J bilauna). s. 
d^^ oTcjW'JI balwantj powerful, strong, s. 
i3o^ balwand, powerful, strong, d. 
(.jp^ JVt^^l bilaungiyi. a species of grass.A. 

&b balah, weak, silly, simple, ignorant, un- 
skilful, a. 

«b Ji/Za m. (v. billa), a badge, &c. d. 
j\^ C^fpi^TX.bali-har,m. 'I sacrifice, bali- 
<^J^ r^c^'^lO bali-kari,f.J hari-jana, same 
as hal-jdna, to be sacrificed. «. 

iJaJ&b f^^l^^ bilah-band, m. settlement, 

regulation, ft. 

i^S^sh fw^^^^ bilah-bandi, an account of 

the settlement of a district, specifying the name of 
each mahall, the farmer of it, and the amount at which 
it is let. h. 

\}i}^ f'T^f^n bilhara, m. a kind of basket 

(long and narrow) generally used for holding pans or 
betel leaf. h. 

^ji^. n^lc^^O bilahri, f. a ladle for taking 
out oil ; a small basket for holding betel leaf. h. 

f^;^ ^c5^»i bal-han, m. phlegm, s, 

jc^b W^5^ balhtf f. a fagot, h. 

i^X:^ ^j^«T bal-hm, weak, infirm. ioZ- 
hinata, f. weakness, prostration. « 

(^ ^^ ftfl/i, strong, powerful ; f. a wrinkle, 

"skin shrivelled by age ; the fold of the skin in stout 
persons upon the upper part of the belly, between the 
ensiform cartilage and the navel, s. 

{j^ T^ baU, any thing offered or sacrificed 
"to an idol, such as flowers, rice, goats, &c. t. 
jjj Tjfl" balU, a climber, a vine. 5. 

i^ ^r?Pft balli, f. a prop, a pole, a long wooden 
"stick to move or steer boats, balli-marna, to steer, to 
push (a boat), h. 

^ frsft billi, f. a she-cat. billi-lotan, m. 
" valerian, a. 
^^^ bale, yes, true, so, well, right, p. 

La) Lb <i|^'^l^«1T balaiya Una, to take or 
invoke another's misfortunes on one's self (▼. bala.eA 

forms bilori, billaurtn, and bilorln are also in use. a. 

I invoke a 
laJj ballut, ra. an acorn, an oak, a chesnut- ! lend), h. 

<Jl*Jib baUyat, misfortune, calamity, a. 
cjb bulugh, ra. 

\_^ '^jV* bulughat, f. 

(J^^oc-Jo bulugJuyat, f. 

puberty, adolescence, 
■the attaining of a mar- 
riageable age. a. 

Job balid, stupid ; a dunce, a simpleton, a. 
^1— Jkb '^^^i balesar, a subdivision of the 

Gujar tribe, q.v. /*. 

U(V^ fi r ^^m bilokna, a. to see, to look at. s. ' k^ baVigk, eloquent, mature j copious. «. 

( ^24 ) 


f^yA) r^9l1cj&^{«1 billi-lotan, m. valerian', so 

named from its effect on cats, which are said to be so 
delighted with its fragrance, as to roll about in their 
ecstasies. }i. 

sIaJj halela, rn. the belleric myrobalan. p. 

iJoJkb i^TT balenda, m. a whirlwind ; a ridge- 
pole (of a cottage), ft. [cottage), h. 
(_jiijjib ^^'i\ balendi, f. a ridge-pole (of a 
*-^ T^ ball/a, strong, vigorous ; m. semen 

virile, s. 

V '^^ bam, f. a spring (of water) ; a fathom ; 
a measuring-rod of 3^ cubits, h. 

^ ^^ bam, an interjection addressed to Shiva; 

' much used by pilgrims to the temple of Baijnath or 
Vaidyanath. s. 

j^ bam, f. a bass part in music; a bass or 

lowest string or drum ; having the deepest tone ; deep 
sound (as that of the large pipes of an organ, a 
drum), a, p. 

^J^ f^TTR biman, m. the chariot or vehicle 

of the gods (sometimes serving as a throne, and at 
others carrying them through the skies self-moving and 
self-directed), s. 

I— >») f^ir bimb, m. the name of a tree bearing 
a red fruit {Momordlca monadelpha or Byronia grandii).s. 

i—*^ '^il bamb, m. a revenue defaulter, one 
who owes a balance to the state, h. 

\x^ bumba,m. a pump (from the English), d. 
jx^ bambu, m. a bamboo, the species of cane 

so called. (This has not been borrowed from the 
English, as some have supposed, but the English word 
itself has been derived from the Hindu dialects of 
Southern India), d. 

(^^x«J bambud, a disease in elephants, a kind 

of ulceration of their lower extremities, d. 
f^>^ bumbt, f. the navel, d. 

,_^^j^ 'SW^^ bamiele, name of a raj-put tribe 
"in the Du.ab: they are of low repute, h. 
^y^ ba-misl, like, resembling, p. a. 
i^S^ ba-madad, by aid of, by means of. p. a. 

s^j-^ ba-martaba, in a degree, to some ex- 
tent, p. a. 

i^j-^ bamfi, interj. alas ! bamfi mama, to 
bewail the dead, in the HindQ fashion, namely, by 
uttering loud cries and slapping the mouth with the 
hand at the same time. d. 

&x^ ba-nuia or ba-ma'i, along with. p. a. 
jfflrfoJkft^ ba^muktaza,e, by the exaction of. 

ba-muktaza.e la-chari, through sheer helplessness, p. a. 

\m^ ifHAtHI bamakna, n. to swell, h. 

,^x.^ Thh^ bimukh (for vimuhh), having the 
face averted, turned from, averse, s. [clean, s. 

ijv f^^ bimal (for vimal), free of filth, 

*^ '^H^ bamla, a hole from which water 
spring! up. h. 

^j^ ^innT bamAn (for vaman), m. vomit ; au 

emetic, haman-k. to vomit, to spew. i. 

^j^ baman, a Brahman, d. 

^j^ baman't, a female of the Brahman caste ; 

" of or belonging to the Brafunanical sect. d. 

Li-"^jt.^ ba-myjib, on accoiuit of, by reason 

of, in conformity with. p. a. [man), a Brahman, i. 

;i;4V ^'•I'T hamhan, m. (for bahman or brah- 
j^i^ ^f fTrtr bamhangaur, a class of the 

Gaur Rajputs, h, 

^j^ ^»T^«=ft bamhani, light red soil. h. 
buk^^ ^JT^ffT^n bamhaniya, a subdivision of 

the Kachhl tribe, q. v. A. 

\juuk^ &am/iane/a, m. a young Brahman, d. 
\^^xx^ ^nftn bamitha, m. a term applied to 

anthills (also to a snake's hole) in Upper India, h. 

Jj^ Wrt^S bamil, m. the name of a grass, h, 
^ji -^^ ban, m. cotton; a crop of cotton. A. 
^ ^«T ban, f. a forest, a wood, ban-jharnu, 

-mama, or majhapia, a. to beat the forests, ban-kanda 
and ban-gonthd, cow -dung found in the forests, ban- 
jdtra.f. the pilgrimage through the 84 forests of Bra/o. s. 

^ biyi, m. (contract, of ^J>\), a son. a. 

^ bun, m. coffee before it is ground (for then 

it takes a new name, Tcdhw(i). a. an allowance of grain 
fpyen to a day labourer, h, 

^o bun, f. basis, root, stem. p. 

^^> f^ bin, "I withoutjUnless. bin jane, w'nh- 

\jj f^w\Jbma,j out knowing, unwittingly. 

bin mare or bin tegti shahld hona, to be slain without a 
wound (applied to lovers), bin mare tauba-k., to fear 
without cause, s. 

Uo ^RT bona, m. bridegroom ; (part.of 6a«wa), 
made, prepared, &c. ; land dressed and ready for the 

seed. h. 

\jj bina, f. foundation, basis, a. 

\jj "Sf^ banna, n. to be made, to be prepared, 

to be mended or adjusted ; to chime, to agree, to fall 
in with, to do, to answer, to serve, to be, to become, to 
avail, to counterfeit, to succeed ; m. a bridegroom. 
bana-banaya, ready, finished, complete, entire, perfect. 
hand-thannd, to be fully adorned, decked out. bona- 
chuna, dressed, decked out. band-rahnS, to remain 
waiting, h, 

\\i banna, m. a mason, a builder, a. 

Uj ^^ bunna, a. to weave, intertwine, h. 

lb f^[^ binna, a. to knit; to weave; n. to be 

picked, h. 
jU^ bina-bar, on account of, owing to. p. 

,.j jlii bina-bar-in, therefore, with this view 

or intent, p. [tribe of raj-pSti. k. 

j^.U^ ^^iPMit binnaphir, m. the name of a 

C->lJo ^»niT banat, f. woollen cloth, broad- 
cloth, h. 


Oli> hanat(^p\. of CL/jj), daughters, banati 

nabat, the tender herbage, a, 

^jiijtl): iJ-Jlb banatu-n-na'sh, m. the constel- 
lation of the Great Bear. a. 
^J,\^> ^'•Tnrt banati, woollen, h. 

jiiljj banadir (pi. of .tiJo), ports, harbours, a. 
(j*»lJo r<4*1IU binas, m. death, annihilation. ."?. 
^jXtj*\l> "W^yvmfi banaspattt or banas-patthi, 

" f. forest leaves. *. 

Jib banafar, name of a tribe of Yadu-hansi 

raj-puts in Oude. h. 

{^^\JJ bind-goch, the cavity at the lower 

part of the ear. p. [bring, h. 

U^ljj '^IHIc^MI band-ldna, n. to make and 
^Uj ba-ndmi, in the name of. p. 

liljj ^Hlffl banana, a. to do, to make, to fa- 
bricate, to prepare, to build, to compose, to perform, 
to adjust, to adorn, to pluck (a fowl), to mend, to in- 
vent, to rectify, to dress (victuals), to mock, to feign, h. 

^^^^ ^»T^T»n ban-dnd, n. to succeed (in life), 

to be fortunate, to prosper. A. 

J lb ^t||c( JanOjO, m. dressing, preparing, deck- 
ing one's self; concord, understanding, reconciliation ; 
making up. bana,o-k., to adorn, bedeck : in the Indian 
Englisn the word is pronounced and written bunnow, 
and means a " cram," or " tough yam," a purely made- 
up story, h. 

C->jlJo, fw<TRH bindmat, act of weaving, h. 
Cjjlb ^*ii««6 banawat, f. make, invention, 

affectation, contrivance, fabrication, fiction, sham. /.. 
C,»jli> fT*TR3 bindwat, f. weaving, h. 

ijjj^ W«TnO bandwari or bana,ori, f. the 

act of getting ready, preparation, h. [pare. h. 

lijlb WHNHI band,ond, a. to make, to pre- 

jjlb f%«n^ bind,t, f. weaving, h, 

\j\»-\j\x> ?HI^I«il<1l bandyd-jdnd, n. to be 

making, to be in hand. h. f^HT*<«fc bindyak (for vindyaka), a 

name of Ganesha. s. 

c^b fV'ff bimb or vimba, m. the name of a 

tree bearing a red fruit {Bryonia grandis, Lin., Momor- 
dica monadelpha, Roxb.). s. 

l*b W¥T bambd, m. a well; a jet d'eau, the 
spout of a fountain, h. 

(^^^Ixb TfTTW ban-bds, m. onfe who dwells 

in the forest, a hermit. *. 

^*»\juJ ^Hefiu! ban-bdsl, adj. dwelling in the 

"forest ; f. life of a hermit. ». 

j^Jjjo T*Tf%^^ ban-bild,o, m. a wild cat. s. 
y*l> bambu, the cane called bamboo, d. 

( 125 ) ^ 

l^l^(j^^^fT>?!7T ban-bhdntd, m. wild bain- 

gan or egg-plant {Solanuu melongena). s, 

jcJ^ bumbi, f. the navel, d. 

^^job bambi, f. harvest crop ; a stack or heap 

of grain ; (same as ]chirman, q. v.). d. 

^^Lnj^ ^nnr^ ban-prasth, m. a Hindu who 

has reached the hermit ataga of his existence. (▼. a«- 

ram). s. 

jii:^^ ^^T^TTTT ban-parnd, n. to succeed, to 

answer, to suit, to come to a conclusion. *. 

4-^^ ^^T% banat, m. lace ; a riband studded 

with spangles, h. 

d* b bint or binat, a daughter, bintu-l- 

'inab, wine, daughter of the grape, a. 

lib ^r*irti banitd (for vanitd), f. a wife, a 

woman, s. 

L^l/iz^ *f'"'*-'^ ban-tard,t, f. wild ^ara,i, a 

"kind of plant (Luffa). h. 

b JLo '^Hriti^l bantariyd, m. a class of peo- 
ple who formerly acted as wood-rangers in Gorak- 
pur. h. [solicitation, s. 

j_5^ r<»i(1 Jinii, f. an apology, submission, 
UUb ii;si*1l bantdnd, a. to share, distribute, 

to participate, h. [shared, to distribute, h, 

li\jAb «i^'c|If1T bantwdnd, a. to cause to be 
byLO <4<S^i<l bantwaiyd,\one who shares or. 

Oo^b ^f^ bantait, J distributes ; a di- 
vider, distributer, h. 
U^AJo banthnd, n. to be braided or plaited, d. 

Ai banj, henbane (Arab, form of i-lXb). a. 

Xj ^f^snt banij, m. a merchant, trader ; the 

sixth of the astronomical periods called Karan, cor- 
responding to the half of a lunar day. s. 

A^ ^rftjM banij or ^fflf banaj (for ^ftrrSJT 

banijya), m. trade, traffic, merchandise, s. 

\)^ 'TTWRT banjdrd, m. a grain-merchant ; 

also a carrier of grain. The term hanjara or birin- 
jdrd is also applied to a distinct class of vagrants. 
They are Hindus, but do not belong to any parti- 
cular caste or part of the country. They live in 
tents, and travel about like gipsies, s. ' 

i^J^ '^A'i{\C\ banjdri, f. a kind of tent used 

bybanjaras; adj. half- boiled (grain), h. 

j^' WH'I^. banjar, f. waste land ; land which 

has not been cultivated for five years and upwards. 
banjar-jadld, land brought into cultivation after lying 
some time fallow, banjar Jcadlm, land left fallow for 
some years, banjar- kanii, abatement of rent for fal- 
low land, banjar kjmriji jam', waste land excluded 
from the rental. /(. 

nj^- ^hP^IH banjin, lands close by a village ; 
name of a weed about three feet high, which springs 
up among harvest crops, h. 

A> ( 126 

m. sauce, condiments ; 



ti^sf^ PTyH hinjan 
particularly vegetables dresaed ■with butter, &c. and 
added to flesh or fish ; (in grammar) a consonant, s. 

^^^ ^*^tT^ banjhott, f. a medicine taken 

"to produce barrenness, h. 

&J^ ^^TiJair banijya, m. trade, traffic, s. 
^^ 'NfTtTT banchana, a. to make or hear 

one read. s. 

01^ banchana (for bachana), a. to save or 

protect, d. [tection. d. 

j\^ bancha,o (for bacha,o), m. safety, pro- 

j^ W^CfK ban-char, m. literally, " wood- 
goer"; any wild animal, such as a monkey, &c. : it 
also denotes a forester or woodman. «. 

ijj^ T'T^rt banchari, a kind of high jungle- 
grass, of which wild elephants are very fond. «. 
\^^ ^^RT banchna, n. to be read or perused. /t. 
liJo band, m. a fastening, a knot, a bandage ; 

binding, literally or figuratively, as a tie, a cord ; 
fetters, imprisonment; an agreement, pledge, or pro- 
mise; a contract; a regulation; a dyke, mound, dam, 
or embankment ; a verse of a song consisting of two 
or three couplets ; belt, roll, string, joint, knuckle. 
band-khana, m. a prison, hand-handhnd, to restrain an 
inundation with dykes, band-men-dna, to become a 
captive, band-rahna, to be engaged in a business. 
band-baithna, to succeed in an affair, band pakaj-na, 
to object to the arguments of an opponent, band- 
tneA pafna, to become a captive, band-band-pakarnd, 
to seize (as rheumatism, &c.) all one's joints, band-k. 
or band-kar dend,. a. to make fast, to shut or bar (a 
door). In composition it denotes fastening, enchain- 
ing, or fixing, as na'l-band, a blacksmith, one who 
fastens on horses* shoes, dev-band (epithet of an an- 
cient hero), the enchainer of demons. In Persian, 
band denotes hope or wish ; also " a trick of fence," 
a stratagem, band-farmudan, to imprison, p. 

t>>l> band, the limbs, members, d. 

«3a^ r«|'f$' bind, f. a spot, dot, mark ; the na- 
sal dot annswara. s. 

\Sxi 'W*^ banda or ^TT banda, m. mis- 
tletoe, a kind of epidendron {Epidendron tesselloides, 
Roxb.). s. 

\t^ ^p«JT bunda, m. a drop, point, a dot. s. 
^liJo binda, m. a bundle, a sheaf, a faggot, d. 
\i^ ^n^ banda, a grain-magazine above 

ground, h. 

UtiJo banddra, m. a shore, or coast, d. 
J^jjo r^nJT^f binddl, f. a medicinal herb. h. 
\J\tiJo bandana (for bandhdnd), a. to cause 

to be fastened, &c. d. 

^J^SiJ> "ofil'ofJT^ band-batd,l, f. account of 

each share of assessment in grain, h. 

l!*'"'^\.'^ i^j^ band-bar ddsht, an account of 

the share of an instalment to be paid by each vil- 
lager, p. 

iSj^ •^ ^'^^*^ band-behrl, f. statement 
of the amount of each money instalment of a vil- 
lage, p. h. 

ftjol^^yjo band-phdnta, an account of %k9 

shares of the liabilities of a village, p. h. 

J'jtijj M^ril^ band-tdl or -tdl, damming np 
a water-course for the purpose of irrigation. A. 

L^L<*»- (^ hand-hisdb, an abstract ac- 
count, p. a. 
Xv>i3Jo bandi jam, the act of allotting to 

each cultivator an equal portion of good and bad 
lands, p. a. 

jtija *|»^l, bandar, m. a monkey, an ape. s. 
jdXi bandar, m. a city, an emporium ; a 

port, harbour, a trading town to which numbers of 
foreign merchants resort, a mart or market, p. 

\.tX>J ^?^n bandrd, m. mistletoe (v. banda). s. 
iJL0K^jSli 'W*^KW(f bandarkhai, m. a sore 

that does not heal ; a running sore, an issue. #, 

{?,iiJo ^*^K\ bandari, f. a sort of chintz from 

Machhli-bandar ; a sword from Raj bandari ; name of 
a grass used as fodder for cattle, h. 

(jjiX^ ofnfO bandrl, If. a female mon- 
^^'^ "^^^fcn bandariyd,} key. «. 
jjju«ijjk^ bandi sel, a contract of sale. p. e. 

^jtfjjo bandish, f. lit. tying, binding, or 

making up ; preparing a false story, making up a false 
account of a transaction, invention, contrivance ; ele- 

gancy (of style). 
form a plot, p. 

bandish-bdndhnd, a. to contrive ; to 

ii)\Ji^iiXi bind-kushdd, m. semen cito emittens, 

morbo affectus, h. p. [slaves, p, 

^^\^4iJo bandagan (pi. of banda), servants, 

^Jjo bandagi, f. slavery ; devotion ; ser- 

"vice, compliment, handagi meit yj^, to affect 
authority while in servitude, p. [rice. h. 

i\<^ '«f»<5^^ bandit, a species of Rohilcund 

0(Xo (\j^ bandi muddat, a stated period for 
the settlement of an account p. a. [bind, &c. d. 

\3tiJo bandnd (for bandhnd, q. v.), a. to 
j^jSiiJj W*(l"HMIi. bandanwdr, f. a wreath or 

garland of leaves and flowers suspended across gate- 
ways on marriages or public festivals. (. 

,j»^.y tiJo band-nawis,2i clerk,an accountant.©. 

1 jiXo bandu,d, m. a prisoner, a captive, p. 

cIa-hOj JJo band-o-bast, m. literally, " binding 

and fastening" ; settlement, regulation, disposition, 
arrangement; economy, management, government. 
band-obasti dawamt, permanent settlement. band-<h 
basti mi 'dd or -sar-sari, temjiorary or summary settle- 
ment, band-o-basti viulk, the sui 
nue of a kingdom or province, p. 

imary i 
of the 

ment. band-o-basti mulk, the sum total oi tbe reve 

^_^— JjiiJo tanrf-o-6as<t,f. arranging, economy; 

" adj. of or relating to settlement, &c. band-o-basti par- 
wdna or sanad, patent, warrant, or deed of settlement 
batid-o-basti sar-rishta-ddr, a revenue-officer attacbad 
to some courts in Bengal, p. 


( 127 ; 


jj'^ ^»<0i bandor, f. a female slave, h. 
jjiXb handuk, f. a musket. (Whence comes 

the word banduJc ? It is not known either to the 
Turks or Persians. The nearest approach to it I have 
ever heard is the African -Arabic term hundtikiyya, li- 
terally signifying " Venetian," and formerly applied to 
a cross-bow, but in recent times to a gun, as the de- 
scendants of the Arabs in Egypt, Morocco, and Bar- 
bary obtained these weapons chiefly from Venice. — 
Binning.) a, 

^.js^ji^JJ handukchi, m. a musketeer, a. t. 
Jjtij^ <i|r<Oijj handol,ra.. the child of a slave, h. 
l^jiijt) «{«r!^l handuha, m. a whirlwind, h. 

J>SJ^ W^ handh, m. a pledge, a deposit; m. f. 

binding, tying, bandage, a tie, or fetter; a bank, a 
dyke, a mound for confining water ; a village boundary ; 
bondage, imprisonment, bandh men papia or and, to 
become a captive, s. 

J&iiJJ "W^ bandhu, m. a kinsman, a friend. 

(v. bandhu). bandhuta, f. a multitude of relations and 
friends ; relationship, friendship, bandhutwa, m. re- 
lationship, friendship, bandhu-jan, a relation, a friend. 
bandhu-datta, given by a kinsman ; m. the property 
given to a bride by her relatives, bandhu-hin, friend- 
less, relationless. s. 

iSJ-^ banda, a slave, servant, handa-parwar, 

cherisher of servants (a respectful expression used in 
addressing a superior, i.e. your honour). banda,e- 
dargah, the slave of (your) threshold, banda-zdda, 
son of (your) slave, i.e. thine humble servant, banda- 
nawaz, cherisher of servants or dependants, p. 

\lbtiJJ bandaha (pi.), servants, slaves, p. 

^^^Sxi Ts^rnr bandhan, m. pension, a fixed 
allowance to any one ; raised earthen embankments 
for flooding lands; purchase of grain in advance of 
harvest, s. [shut, &c. .«. 

lib&iiJkJ 4f«<il«1l bandhana, a. to bind, fasten, 

(iUb^ T-^IIHT bandhant, m. one whose busi- 
" ness is to carrv stone or timber, &o., over his shoulder; 
a pensioner ; a gunner, an artilleryman, h. 

^Ij&tiJj ? »M l ^ bandha,i, f. bond, binding, 

"fastening, s. 

pjjj ,.fe(XJJ T^Wn^ bandha-tantra, m. a com- 
plete army, or one with its four divisions of elephants, 
chariots, horse, and foot, v. chaturanga. i. 

^is»'^i^ ^«^9l1<4 bnndhu-jiv, m. a flower 

(Pentapetes phcenicea). s. 

JbjJo '^■^fi^bandhm; m. a flower (Pentapetes 

phoenice^; a drug, commonly called hirang; a drug 
called rishabh ; a crane, s. 

Ubjj^ f^TT bandhura, f. a whore, a prosti- 
tute, s. 
cf)fr c>».> ^^e|i bandhah,m. a pledge, a pawn; 

binding, confinement, s. 

^JbiiJo ^ >H I <*1 hondhaki, f. an unchaste 

"woman, a harlot ; a barren woman. ». 
jjJ&<iJk^ ^r ^ «T bandhan, m. fastening, bandage ; 
obstacle, hinderance. bandhan-rajju, f. any rope used 
for tying, bandhan-grantht, m. the knot of a ligature, s. 

UdbjJo ^^^ifT bandhnUf n. to be tied, to be 

fastened ; to be continuous, to be kept, enclosed, 
formed, or composed, bandhl muthi, an undisclosed in- 
tention, s. 

ljj& jJo r^v^rfl bindhnd, a. to sting, to bite ; n. 

to be bored or pierced, s. 

^UifciiJo ^T^'TT^nT bandhanalay, m. a prison. 
>ib(\x> W^ bandhu, ^^ bandhu, or ^"^^r^ ban- 

dhava, a friend, kinsman, but especially a distant cog- 
nate, subsequent in right of inheritance to the gentile 
Sugotra: the bandhu is of three kinds, the kinsman 
of the person himself, of his father, and of his mother ; 
a flower (Pentapetes phoenicea). ». 

\jitSx> "W^^J bandhu,a, m. friend. ^»M'^ 

bandhuwa, a prisoner, s, 

li\y^tijo T'V^T'IT bandhwana, to cause to be 

bound ; to accuse. 5. 

(j*>1^4iJo W^jqfTO bandhwas, land embanked 

all around so as to retain the water, h. 

j^S^ bandhur, m. purchase of grain in advance 

of harvest, h. 

tiyysjjj ^T^Ieii bandhuk, m. a shrub bearing 

a red flower {Pentapetes phoenicea) ; also applied to the 
Ixora bandhu ; a tree {Pentaptera tomentosa), ban- 
dhuk-pushp, m. the blossom of the same tree. s. 

Ijifctij^ ^f'Vn bandhiya, an embankment (v. 

bandhan). s. 

lifctijk^ ^run bandhya, f. a childless woman ; 

a barren cow ; a perfume called hdla. s. 

^tiJJ ^^»f bandhej, m. parsimony j sta- 
bility, steadiness, persistence, h. 
le^j'o ij'"^ H^fl^ bandhl muthi, f. an 

undisclosed intention, h. 

wJ&tX;^ "^Tonbandhya, barren, unfruitful; de- 
tained, confined, s. 

^^•jjj bandif f. a female slave or servant ; m. 

a prisoner, captive, bandt-khdna or bandi-griha, a 
prison-house. In law and revenue language bandi 
denotes agreement, arrangement; distribution, allow- 
ance ; deduction or charge : it is also the name of a cer- 
tain dry measure, p. s. 

i^i^ ^y^ bandt, f. the name of an ornament 
worn on the forehead ; a dress shorter than the Jama ; 
m. name of a tribe called Bhdt, a bard. s. 

ij6J>> f^'^ bindt, f. a spot, dot, mark ; the 
nasal dot anuswara. s, 

l>(iJj '^f»^^T bundiya, f. a kind of sweetmeats 

(like drops), s. 

j^j^tiJj '^r^'HT'I bandi-jan, m. a kind of orna- 
ment ; a bard. h. [captives. ». 
jbX:>Sxi ■if-TjI'Tl? handl-griha, m. a house for 

^,i>Jo ^t^^T bundela, a spurious tribe of 

rdj- puts, who give name to the province of Bundle 
cund {Bundel-khand). h. [soner. s 

j^\^ jj^ ^'^^HTfT bandlwan, a captive, a pri- 


\ljj ^ handa, m. mistletoe, a kind of epi- 

dendron. h. [sticks, or straw, Sic. s. 

\jjO hinda, m. a faggot, a bundle of firewood, 

!jjj ^HBT hunda, m. a kind of ornament worn 

on the ears. A. [devil. A. 

\it,^'^^ ^T^T handoha, m. a whirlwind; a 
^f jJo ^^ &aw(^i, f. short robe, a short full 

jama. h. 

t^lb Janc?i, f. a cart or carriage of any kind, 
'called by Europeans in the Carnatic "a bandy." d. 
i^j>,iyJJ iik^ handeri, f. a ridge-pole, the 

ridge of a house, h. 
\^ ^TiTTT hanra, ra. a bridegroom, h. 

[jjyi '^(^ hanri, f. a bride, h. 

lytXi ^^ bans (for vansha), m. a descendant, 

offspring ; race, lineage, family ; a bamboo, s. 
LJo ^W bansa, a species of grass which grows 

in rice-fields : it is used as fodder for cattle. A. 
^.L*x> *i^(N<j^^ bansawali, f. a genealogy, s. 

C^*Jj ba-nisbat, with regard to, concern- 
ing, p. a, 
^^L-b ban-saldmh f. a fee exacted by the 
"zamlndar from the cultivator for permission to collect 
the juice of the forest date-trees. *. a. 

,.j-j>-J (»**>>> ^^T<^'«IH bans-lochan, m. the 

manna or sugar of the bamboo (it has been found by 
analysis to contain much siliceous earth), s. 

jwJj f^tT^fnn binasna, n. to perish, to be- 
come spoiled, s. 
,c--Jo ^^ or '^r{iX\ bansi, f. (for vansht) a 

"flute; a fishing-hook; a kind of wheat with blackish 
ears ; in comp. of the race or lineage, banst-bat, m. 
the fig-tree under which Krishna was accustomed to 
play the lute. *. 

*.i*ajj banafsha, f. a violet, p. 

uiil) ^ bank, m. a bending, a curvature; 

reach of a river. «. 

jJKjo ^HT^ banka,l, f. a bending, a curva- 
ture, the reach or bend of a river, s. 
^(_iJjj ^rfliJc^M^ banik-putra, m. the son of a 

merchant, a young merchant, banik-putri, a young 
woman of the Baniya tribe, s. [merce. s. 

^JOwJuo '^fJ!J:w^^bani^i-path, m. traffic, com- 
U5Cl> itcFTT bankta, the crop on the field ir- 
recoverably spoiled, h. 
\^'x> W ti4ii^ han-kati or ban-Jtattl, f.a fee paid 

■for cutting timber; the right obtained by clearing a 
jungle and bringing it under cultivation. /(. 

IjuiSoJ ? <*^ ^n ban-hatah/d, m. name of a 
prickly plant (v. bang-kafiya). h. 

ia> ^^T^T: banhar, spontaneous produce of 

jungle or forest land, such as gums, honey, &c. ; also 
revenue from woods and forests, h. [ropes, h. 

iju^ 'T«niW bankaSf grass used in making 

( 12« ; ^ 

JJ TToli^JJT ban-kandd, cow-dung found in 
a jungle or forest, and used for fuel. h. 
U^Joo ^^T^TT ban/thai d, lands on which cotton 
has grown during the past season, h. 

sj^^J^ TPRT^ ban-khand, m. a forest. $. 
^J3^j^^^^ 7«TI<r^1 ban-khandi, m. the name 

of a celebrated forest in India, h, 

<^Sx> bang, f. hemp (Canabis sativa)'^ an in- 
toxicating potion made from the leaves of hemp. p. 

ijjjj^^ bang, f. calx of tin, given internally 
as an aphrodisiac ; name of Bangala (Bengal). «. 

iCo bingd, crooked, awry, distorted, d, 

ICjj^r^ bangd, m. a joint of bamboo root; 

a kind of soil ; well-water slightly brackish, h. 
ii\f.xirc^l^bangdld, the province of Bengal. 

bangali, m. bangalin, f. an inhabitant of Bengal. ». 

i\^ bungdh, f. baggage, luggage ; the tents, 

stores, furniture, &c., of an army. p. 

j\^^L^ ^ftin>nW banig-bhdo, ra. traffic, 

trade. 5 

j^cjXi^ ^^iji bangfi, f. an ornament worn on 

the wrist (properly of glass), a bangle or bracelet made 
of glass or lac. h. 

%Xjj W^^ banghd, an aquatic beetle that 

eats rice-plants, h. 

\jj^ cL^ ^l^fzm bang-katiyd, a species of 
solanum resembling a thistle (not of any use), h. 
iCCjj ^^^rsift banghi, a species of rice culti- 
vated in Benares, h. 

^kCjj ^^^ bangld, m. kind of thatched 

house, comm.only called by Europeans a "bungalow"; 
a sort of betel-leaf so called, h. 

VACjj ^^^^HT bangliyd, name of a species of 

rice. h. [>" forests, h. 

X.'xi ^^ bang'i, f. a humming-top. h. 

/^jj bangi, m. one who intoxicates himself 

"with b«ng. p. 

JUJ^. ^r]HT(^' ban-mdl, f. a garland of va- 
rious flowers (usually those of the tSln) reaching to 
the feet. s. 

^l»jj WHTf^ ban-vidli, one who wears a 

'* ban-mdl ; an epithet of Krishna, s. 

^«jl^ Y«1*4IH^ ban-mdnus, m. a man of the 

woods, a wild man ; an oran-utang. «. 

UJl> bannd, binnd, bu7ina. v. IJJ. 

(j^j^Jo ^RTPd bann-arl, m. one of the names 

of Krishia. s. 

(__)»»^JJ TfHTO ban-vds, m. separated from 
one's family, living in a wood ; met. disinherited (a 
son). «. [made or formed. A. 

\3\»i^ ^^'^T*n banwdnd, a. to cause to be 


y^ ( 129 ) 

ci i_^ 'ifHm\bamvd,l, f. price paid for making 

any thing, h. [weaving. A. 

(^ I^-lJ f^tT^T^ Mnwa,t, f. price paid for 

cL/^yiJ «i*flw'^ hanotsarg, m. a ceremony 

performed in honour of a newly-planted orchard : it 


somewhat resembles a marriage ceremony, (v. Wil- 
son's Glossary). «. 

jj^ ^^ hanwar, m. f. a creeper, vine. s. 
^y^ fT^mTTT hinauriya, m. name of an 

herb used as fodder for cattle, h. 

tsl^ij P4'<n<^l hinaula, m. the seed of the cot- 
ton-tree (it is said to be very fattening food for cattle), 
hinaula clidbna, a. to say unpleasant things, h. 

^J^ ftr^^ hiyiauU, f. hail (of a smaller 

" kind), h. 

'jy^ r«ffiT*ti hinauna, a. to adore, to venerate, 

to revere, to laud. *, 

3o^ ^^ hanroand, m. a creeper, a vine. h. 

byj ^vjf tjT hanwaiya, m. maker, manufac- 
turer, h. [household furniture, p, 
WJ buna or bunna, m. basis, root, domestics, 
v^ ^»^l banha, m. a conjurer, h. 

j^-b itPh^K banihar, a labourer whose ser- 
vices are paid in hannl, or in kind. h. 

^jU^ ^fr^^H banhiyan, m. a bridegroom.^. 

jj- \^ 'T'i^T^ banhdfi, f. a female conjuror, an 

enchantress. A. 

^;^f^*T?^ 6ma/tar,m. a gatherer of cotton. A, 

^^ ^fiift bant, f. a bride. A. 

(^ ^'?I^ Jaw?, f. a small forest ; a wood. s. 

^ fqni Jma?/ (for vinaya), m. humility, 
" humble entreaty, courtesy, good-nature, s. 

(_^ barii (pi. of ^^'), sons, bam-ddam, sons 

" of Adam ; men. bant isra,tl, children of Israel, Is- 
raelites, a 

^J> W^ bannl, a portion of grain given to a 
' labourer as a remuneration for his services, h, . 

UJO ^rftnn oi"9[frP^ baniyd (also banyd), m. a 

shopkeeper, a merchant ^usually a corn-chandler), a 
Hindu money-changer : m Calcutta this term is ap- 
plied to the Hindu partner or cash-keeper of a Euro- 
pean firm. s. 

tiUjL^ bunydd, f. foundation, base, origin. 

bunyad ddlna, to lay the foundation, to found (a 
city, 8ic.). p. 

l3J5\juo <|^^I44HI banaiyd-kandd, m. cow- 
dung dried for fuel (not made up), h, 

^U>J "^f^^IT haniydn or banyan, m. a trader, 

a merchant (v. haniya), p. 

j^bJj bunydn, f. foundation, basis, a. 

(^}^ "^f«TTni»I baniydyan or baniyd,in, f. 

wife of a baniyd (a trader), h. 

^y^ W^ banetl or "^tt banaiti, f. a torch 

lighted at both ends and whirled round so as to form 
a double circle of fire. h. 

j^^ ^iln banij, m. trade, traffic, s. 

li^>>A^ "W^ft^ banlk, m. a merchant, a trader, s. 

^^^ ^%55T baneld or ^^^ banaild, wild, of 

the forest. *. 

t^^^ ^r»T«T^ banainl, f. wife of a baniyd. h. 
Jl^A^ ^»i1'4i<!5 baniwdl, a subdivision of the 

Bhangi caste. A. 

y &M (for y\), father; possessed of ; gene- 
rally used in composition with another word, as 65-/- 
'ajab, father of wonder, or possessed of wonder, mar- 
vellous, a. 

y bo or bu, f. smell, odour, bu-kasht one who 
inhales the scent or odour of any substance, p. 

y ^ Z^o (root of &owa), sowing, cultivation, h. 

^ ^ ban, the fee or perquisite of the za- 

mindar whenever a daughter of any cultivator in his 
village is married, h. 

W 1[^ bu,d, f. sister ; also an aunt by the 
father's side. h. 

I— ->ly hawwdb, a janitor or porter, a. 

\t^\y 4r«ll<F bamddd, m. a kind of herb, some- 
what like turmeria h. 

)yy <rl*KI bo,drd, m. seedtime, sowing, h. 

dlij*»\^ ba-wdsita, by reason, because of. p.a. 

j^\y bawdsir (pi. of j^b), the piles or 
hemorrhoids, a. 

(^j*iy^\ ^ bu-l-hawas, deairouB; m. a block- 
head, a wavering, fickle person, bu-l-^wast, f. whim, 
caprice, a. 

y 1 y ^t^TRT bo,dnd, a. to cause to sow ; n. 

(from bu, smell), to stink, to emit a smell, h, 
i\y> fW^T^ biwdh, m. marriage, s. 

li>ly WII^I bamdhd, pocky, affected with 

lues venerea, h. 

iJ )y 'W^T^ ban)d,i, f. a kibe, or chap on the 

foot, a chilblain. ». [seedtime. A. 

(_j \^ ^^^ bod,i, f. sowing, the act of sowing; 

L-^y ^t^ioJ, the sowing of grain by the drill. A. 

by ^Trtrr bobd, m. goods and chattels, pro- 
perty ; a bundle. A. 

'■J^^i bubak, ra. an old simpleton, d, 

yy ^[^ bubu, a sister; (in the west of In- 
dia) a lady (for hibi) ; a favourite concubine, or one 
of superior rank. A. 



( 130 ) 


0^ ^irr buta, m. strength, power, ability, h. 

U^ botd, m. a young camel, p. 

O^y butat (for buyutai), m. account of 

household expense, a. 
j^liy hutatt, relating to household expense, a. 

yy ^fhr &o<«, m. a he-goat, h, 

ejyi buta, m. a crucible, melting-pot; a bush, 
a shrub, p. 

{jy>\ jjy bautt-zaniin (corruptly -jarntn), 

land held by the owner of a village in his own posses- 
sion to give out to the peasants for cultivation, h.p. 

.l»x>y butlmar, a heron, p. 

cL>y ^ ^".^> ™' ^ '^^"'^ °^ pulse, chick-pea 

(Cicer arietinum). h. 

<JL>^ ^^ bot, the finger, finger's breadth, h. 
uy W<n butd,m. a flower, particularly worked 

on cloth, or painted on paper, &c.; a bush, a shrub. 
hute-dar, a flowered (cloth). huta-Tcadd, applied to de- 
scribe the small stature and exquisite proportiou of a 
beloved persou. h. 

J^y> ^n^ bufi, f. drugs ; flowers or sprigs (on 
"muslin), sprigs of a plant, h. 

^^ ^^ botx, f. a morsel (or lump) of meat, h, 
&>.y ba-wajh or ba-wajhe-ki, in a wayj in 

such a way that. p. a. 

^^ ^^ bujh, f. understanding, comprehen- 
sion, b'ujh-ke, wittingly, s. 

4?-y ^^ bojh, 1m. a load, weight, ballast 
l^y ¥t*BJ bojhd,) of a boat or ship, bojh 

pakarna, to affect a new delicacy or consequence, to 

five one's self airs (it is generally spoken in raillery). 
ot/j sir par bona, applied to a task, the performance 
of which is become indispensable : in agricultural lan- 
guage the bojh or load comprises about five dhokds of 
com (v. dhokd). h, 

^^4?"^ ^y bujhd-bujhl, f. a game among 

"children : one of them is blindfolded, and must guess 
which of the others touches him. *. [tion. *. 

i^^y ^T^ bujhd,t, f. teaching, instruc- 
c^^y ^"^*RTt ^oJf^oL,%, f. lading (a cargo), h. 

(J\jj^j^ ThfH^^ bojh-bata,t, f. a mode 
of division by stacks or bundles of mowed corn. h. 

^4?"^ Vt«Ki^ bojhal, loaded, laden, heavy, h. 

J^y bu-jahl (v. abu-jahl), adj. foolish, a. 

^J4»-y. 'JilR^n bujhnd, a. to understand, to 

make out or comprehend; to think, bujh-lend (at 
cards), to settle the account of gain and loss. s. 

^^4?-^ ▼t*K?TJ bojhnd, a. to load; to scald or 
parch rice. h. 

Ji^ry 'T^^JSy bojhel, loaded, burdened. A. 

— y ^t^ boch, m. an alligator, h. 

U-y ^^ bochd, m. a kind of sedan, a chai^ 

palkl. h. [out ears, k 

v^ "prr buchd, m. buchi, f. ear-cropt, with- 

l^y ioc/tra, chipped or notched on the edge. A. 

v"y ^r^TT buchnd, n. to sit in a confined 

posture, to crouch. A. 

j^^^y ^n^fTC iawcMar,1 f.drivingrain,wind 
j^^j^ ^ ^IjS bauchhaVy) and rain, h 

Oy bud, f. existence, being ; a dwelling, bud 
bash, residence, dwelling, p. 

liiy "^t^ hdda, weak, faint-hearted, low- 
spirited ; m. a buffalo ; (in Dakh.) boda-kd^hfl^ blot- 
ting paper, h. 

'i5y boda, m. the nave of a wheel, d. 

.ijy bo-ddr or 6ii-c?ar, fragrant, scented ; m. a 
kind of leather so called, p, 

(^b(iy bud-bash, f. existence, subsistence; 

residence, abode, p. 

jii^ ^t^ bodar, a place to stand on for those 
who raise water from a well. h. 

jJiiy ^t^^ bodli,f. a simple woman, trollop; 

"a woman who lives with a be-natoa fakir, and dresses 
like a m^n. A. 

^^tiy budan (root bum or bash), to be. p. 

Jbd^ ^V bodh, m. understanding, know- 
ledge, s. 
Jbi^ ^^ bodh, m. a security, h. 
Jb<>y ;^^ bauddha, m. a Buddhist, s. 
lJ^^^y sft^ boddhd, ingenious, intelligent, 

sensible, s. 

uilfciSy ^Vv^ir bodhak, m. a teacher, g. 
^tiy ^rhnr bodhan, m.1 knowledge, teach- 
^_^iiy ifhi'Tt ftodAani, f.J ing; awakening, 

arousing, s. 

li«>i>y ^V«{j bodhnd, a. to wheedle. «. 

VS^i budd, old, aged; m. an old man. hudi, f. 
an old woman, d, 

^^<i*y bud-pan (also bud-pana), m.old age. d. 
\Sb'6y> budhd, m. an old man; adj. aged. h. 
iCkXfcjJy ^iTTT budh-gangd, the old bed of 

the Gauges below Hastlnapur. &c. h. 

jy> y^ bor, deep; m. studs of gold or silver, h, 
•y w: bur, barren (land); f. chafl', husk, bur- 

kd-la44&> a sort of sweetmeat made with the husk ol 
grain. The confectioners avow the imposition, and 
cry out to piassengers, "You'll repent if you eat it, or 
regret your tasting it." Hence great men are some- 
times called hur-ka-laddu, when they make a practice 
of encouraging their dependants to hope, but do no- 
thing for them at last. The term also meani any per- 
son or thing which is fair without and foul within, or 
that promises well but turns out bad; a well-looking, 
but stupid fellow, h. 



J^ ^^ JSra, m. a coarse kind of sugar; 

sawdust ; powder ; redeemable mortgage, h. 
\)^ Wl<i hora, m. a canvass bag (particularly 

for holding about two. maunds of rice), a sack ; a kind 
of bean like French beans {Dolichos catsang). h. 

^jy> ^TT haura, m. mad, insane, h. 

^}ji^. ^TTmT ftawm-joa, "Im. madness, state 

i:^)j^. ^^TT^»T haura-pan,) of insanity, h. 

I3j^^ ^^Hi baurana, n. to be mad, to mad- 
den, h. 

(jX)^ buranl, f. a kind of food, consisting 
of the fruit of the egg-plant {Baingan) fried in sour 
milk. p. 

Ufc^j^ ^TI^ baurdka, mad, insane, h. 
^^.Jy> hor-bachcha, m. a leopard, d. 
ijjj^ burak or baurah, m. borax, a. 
^j^ burna, a. to shew, to scatter about, d. 
jijy> ^tt boro, m. rainbow; marsh rice(Elliol 

Gloss.) ; the name of a kind of rice which is cut in 
March (Hunter), boro fasl, the season of cutting this 
rice. h. [Jkalam for writing, p. 

jfj^ buru or horn, a tube, pipe ; a reed or 

tij^> tM?-fl, borax; nitre for soldering, p, 

ijy> bora, m. redeemable mortgage; a sack 
for holding rice. h. 

^j^ ntr^ baurha, mad, insane, h. 

lSj^. wt<1 bauri, f. mad, an insane woman, h. 

b,y boriyd or buriyd, m. a kind of mat. bu- 

riya-haf, a mat maker, p. [catsang). h. 

^•y ^1^ bora, m. a kind of bean {Dolichos 

\yy> bora, deaf, dull of hearing, d. 

^J*j^ ^»TT»n bur-marna,n. to be drownod, 
to die by drowning, k. 

^j^ Wl^HI bornd, a. to cause to dive. h. 

ISj'y ^T*n burna, n. to dive; to drown, to be 

immerged, to dip. k 
^J^ ^TT burhd, m. an old man ; adj. old, 

aged, buj-ha-arha, aged, of mature years, h. 

bljbj^ ^!^^ burhdpd, also burhd-pan, m. 

old age. h. 
W[jV 1[^ burl, f. a point of a spear ; a spike 

in the end of a staff, h, 

l^^ "^fiHT buriyd, m. a diver, h. 

jyi boz, m. cream-coloured (a horse), p. 

hy buzd (vulgarly bozd), m. beer, buze- 

Jchana. a beer-shop, a *' boozing-ken ;" the latter term 
is probably a corruption of buze-MlSna, introduced 
into Europe by the gypsies, p. 

^\y> buzdgar, m. a brewer, a maker of or 
dealer in the stuff called buza. p. 

131 ) uiJ^ 

i^J'^j^ buzdga7% f. brewing (of buzd) p. 

eo^y buzna, also bozna and bozntna, m. a 
monkey, an ape. p. 

8jy boza, m. the name of a bird (Ibis denu- 
data ? Buck.) ; a kind of beer (v, buza). p. 

e^A^ buzma, an ape, monkey, p. 

{„jt*y> bos (in compos.) kissing, saluting, p. 

d.»V>Luy ba-wasdtat, by means of. p. a, 

jjl:L»«»y bostdn or bustdn, m. a pleasure-gar- 
den ; name of a celebrated work by the Persian poet 
and moralist Sa'di. p. 

juj J o**j^ bos kindr, m. kissing and toy- 
ing; dalliance, p. 

eu*>y bosa, m. a kiss, bosa-bdzi, f. kissing 
and toying, bosa-dena or lena, to kiss, p, 

ij*>^ bosi, kissing, used in com p. as hadant- 
host, kissing the feet, i.e. obeisance, p. 

jji^^y bosklan, to kiss, embrace, p. 

»iiJu*>y bosida, stale, rotten, bosidagl, f. rot- 
tenness ; also part, having kissed, p. 
c,y> bogh, a wrapper, a pouch, bogh-band, m. 

the cloth in which any thing (particularly a saddle) !• 
wrapped up. p. 

\fiyl boghrd, m. a dish made of boiled meat, 
flour, &c. bo^rd nikalna, to be well beaten ; some 
what akin to our phrase " having his grueL" p. 

l^O boffhmd, m. trumpery, trifles, scraps, 

rags, &c., the stores of a wallet; ugly and fat 
(woman), p. 

/iy> buk, m. a trumpet, clarion, a. 

Cj3j> ba-waht, at the time, in the time. p.a. 

j^«Ji3y 6ii-AaZa7n.M?», m. a chameleon, (hence) 

any thing of various hues ; adj. various, wonderful, a 
&)J»^ boMa or buUa, m. potherb, a. 

ii)y TO buk, land recovered by the reces- 
sion of a river, h. 

ti)y ift«ir bok, m. a he-goat, a ram, a tup. s. 

^y ^^ feSAa, m. powder ; small pearls, h. 

%^ ^tsRT bolid, m. a basket, pail, or leather 
bag for throwing water to a higher elevation, h. 

Ki^y ^^FTTI bUkdrd, land (previously reco- . 

vered as buk, q. v.\ but rendered useless by a deposit 

of sand. h. 

I^y ^ftoFTT bokrd, m. a he-goat, s, 
(jyy ^«iiO bokri, f. a she-goat, s, 
j/y bokar, m. a he-goat (big-bearded), d. 
\j^^ "T^RT buknd, a. to powder, to grind, to 

reduce to powder, h, 

»fy> boka, m. a basket or leather bag used 
for raising water, fi. 

cUy ( 132 ) 

Jy ^f^ bol, m. myrrh. «. 

Jy ^Ttc5 Jo?, m. speech, talk, conversation ; 
worda of a song. h. 

J^ haul, m. urine. hauUdJan, a chamber- 
pot, baul-gah, the urethra, o. 

^y ^^T ftawZa, toothless. A. 

^y ^Tt^ 6oZa, m. a verbal agreement be- 
tween two parties, ft. [tion- *• 

^W^y ^(ji l^ r^ hola-chaU, f. conversa- 

li^ »^ hanlana (v. haurana), n. to be mad. 

6o/ana (Dakh. for hulana, q. v.). A. 

^b Jy ^^^'WT^T bol-bala, m. a kind of bene- 
diction, bol-bala hona, to prosper, h. [men. rf. 
11^ J^ bol'bhejnch a. to send for, to sum- 
U)y TTtonn bolta, m. the faculty of speech ; 

soul, life. h. 

JU. Jy ift cji ' M I^ bol-chal, f. conversation, h. 

Uy 'Tt^RT feoZwa, n. to speak ; to sound, to 
emit sound ; to tell, to say. bol uthna, to speak out, 
to exclaim, bol chdlna, to converse, speak together. 
bole so bolnd, to speak repeatedly, ft. 

(«jjy i^t^^ bolans, making ovei one's own 

share to another, ft. 

.-•-U> ^^^ bolansi, the holder of another's 

"share or inheritance ; an adopted heir. ft. 

5y ^^55t baull, f settlement direct with the 
"peasant ; also a kind of assessment, ft. 
Jy ^^ boU, f. speech, dialect, language; 

"conversation, talk. 6oI7-*., to jeer, to jest. ft. 
i^^ ^y ^5^3^^^ boli-tholi, f. jeering, 

"speaking at but not to a person, bolt fholi sunana or 
mama, to reproach, to blame. A. 

M^ bum, m. an owl ; land, ground, soil. p. 
*y bom, m. 'I weeping, wailing, lamenta- 
ijyo^ bomrt, f. J tion ; interj. alas ! d. 
13 y 'frsn bona, a. to sow, to plant, s. 
^O^tt^bauna, m. a dwarf; the fifth avatai^, 

or incarnation of Vishnu. ». 
(JLoy ^T^ bont, m. a stalk. ^. 
cLoy 'TO! JuMf, m. a kind of pulse when 

green {Cicer arieiinum); the plant of bunt; adj. little 
compact and firm (epithet applied to a pony : some- 
times used substantively), ft. {bunt, q. v. A, 

•^ci^iy bunt puldrv, m. a puldm made of 
tiloy ^iftrp bont, a finger (same as angul). d. 

^O bunj, mould, mustiness. bunj-bkara,yery 

musty, d, 
d^y} ^^ bund, f. drop, bund kt bund (sharab, 

understood), very strong wine ; doubly-distilled spi- 
rits, &c. «. 


Siy} '^f^ bund, good, well, excellent ; high 

soaring (generally applied to kites), ft. 

ji^iijy bundahi, f. a spot, bundakt-dar, 

"spotted, d. 

^iiJy ^7^ bunda, m. a large drop, burtdd- 

bdndl, small and interrupted dropping of rain. 

i_ffi\>^ M*^ bundt, f. drops of rain ; name of 

a place ; a kind of sweetmeat in the form of drops, t. 

^.tiJy i|*^C^I bundela, name of a tribe of 

raj-puts, who give name to the province of Bundlecund 
(i.e. Bundel-khand). A. 

<!Joy ^slf'Sbavnd, m. a creeper, a vine. h. 
^33 5^ bondd, m.a capsule,or pod of cotton,&c. d. 
.j3»j W^T't6awrtn£?ar,m.a whirlwind,a devil.A. 

^i^^ '^fZ^ baundnd, n. to entwine (creepers 

or vines) A. 
4_^3oy "^t^ bond'i, f, the germ of a plant after 

the flower is shed. h. 
Ob(3oy ^fiJilH I haundiydnd, n. to twine; to 

run irregularly or in a crooked direction, with turn- 
ings and windings. A. 

iXij,^ ^IfT huvgd or bongd, a stack of straw, 

a heap of chafT. A. 

jjy ^^tft baurii, f. female dwarf s. 
ijy ^^ bont, f. the season of sowing. «. 
\ib^ Tft^T bnuhd, pocky (v. hawaha). h. 

^U>»j ■4Y^T^ baiihd,i, f. afflicted with vene- 
real disease (a woman). A. 

ijfc»^ ^n^U bohra, m. a class of bankers or 
money-lenders so called. A. 

^y ^^«l1 bohni, f the money received for 

" the first sale in the morning by shopkeepers and huck- 
sters : no credit is allowed, nothing but ready money 
being received on such occasions. A. 

bii^y ^^r<*<l bohodn/d, m. a man who 

works with a borrowed plough, or with a spade, &c 
(having no plough of his own). A. 

^_^^ wt bu,i, a word used to frighten chil- 
dren, a goOlin, or still more nearly, " bogie." A. 

,^s>-\^^^y^ ^\^y^ bo,'i-bachh, assessment to 
be realized on cultivation. A. [lie fallow, h. 

J^i ^^tVJ. boyar, land that is never allowed \v 
L)y ^^TT baiverd, sowing, seedtime, h. 

U«oy H'A^^i'mbavesiyd, a catamite, sodomite: 
one who talks nonsense, a babbler, ft. 

Ijoy 'ft^ bo,iyd, m. a small basket, h. 

fjSiJy} bUfidan, to diffuse fragrance, p. 

^ Vtbha,the aspirate form of the letter i > ^.x.h. 

eJ ba, prep, by, with, in; generally joined 
to the word it govenu, and then- the imperceptible A ii 
dropped, as ba-wajh or ba-wajhe, in such a manner f 

^ ^ bahu, much, many, large, great. «. 


( 133 ) 


^ hih, good, better, hik or hihi, a quince, jt?. 

^J haha,vQ.. price, value. haha,e khun, blood- 
money (paid to the relations of a person slain), baha^ 
Mil'at, a tax raised in order to defray the expense of 
honorary dresses. baha,e kagj^az, an allowance for 
office paper, red tape, &c. h. 

j^^ HT^ hhabar, name of a large forest at 

the foot of the Sevalic hills. A. 

j_^l4J >n»Tt hhabhi, f. a brother's wife. h. 

tjl^j Hnrt hhabi, future, about to be, pre- 
destined, «. 

^.l^ »?nR bfiapk, f. steam, vapour, s. 

*?Tm5Tr bhaphna, a. to conceive, to 
guess, to comprehend, h, 

CJ^^ >TnT Ma«, advances to, ploughmen 
without any interest, h. 

C->1^ mjt hhat, ra. boiled rice, food. s. 

\3\4j >nin bhata, ra. an extra allowance to 
troops on service, commonly called batta. h. 

Ci^l^ mZ bhai, m. a bard, a minstrel ; a ge- 
nealogist or family bard ; name of a tribe. A. 

jjPl^ >?TTtT bhatan, the wife of a bard, a 
female minstrel. A. [the ebb tide. A. 

l^'l^j >n7T bhatha, ra. a current or stream, 
^_54J'l^ >nTt bhathi, f. bellows, a. 
^^^'l^^ HTZft bhathi, f. down the river, with 

"the current. It. 

JU^I^ HTftTr^ bhathiyal, m. down, below, 

down the river, with the stream. A. 

j^\^ ^V^bhhjarA . 

„ 1 ,,_. rr. flight, runnmg off. h. 

y>-\^ vim-^bhajar,) ^ " 

^j^l^ HTipT bhajan, m. a plate, a dish, &c.j 

(in arithmetic) division, s. 

U>-\^ HIHHI bhajnd, n. to flee, run away. h. 
u»-\^ m3T«1T bhajna, a. to fry. «. 
(^^^ HT»I^ &Aq;t, f. greens. «. 
j_y=-^^ HT»rt i/iq;i,f.portion orshareof food. h. 

H?"^ *Trai bhdjya, divisible, to be portioned ; 

m. a portion, a share, an inheritance ; (in arithmetic) 
the dividend, s. 

j^^ bhdchar, a large earthen pot or jar. d. 

jiSl^ bahadufy brave, bold, valiant, courage- 
ous, invincible ; m. a hero, a champion, knight ; a 
title bestowed on military officers. "It is often accom- 
panied with the word jang, war ; thus, hahadtir jang. 
Invincible in war. The English (that is to say, Indian- 
English) language hiis adopted this word : a '• bahau- 
der" indicates a martinet, or proud and haughty 
mortal dressed in a little brief authority " (Binniug.)p. 

jC)\^ >Tr; bhddra, 1m. the fifth .solar 

iVjiSl^ 41 ^(T< bhddra-pad, J mouth (see bhd- 
3o*). '« 

\s>,d\^^r^^fj^bhadra-padd,f. a.namecommon 

to the 26th and 27th lunar asterisms, distinguished by 
the epithets prior and subsequent, or purva and uttar. s. 

{jTiiSl^ bahdduri, f. bravery, gallantry, p. 

jjjJI^j HT?[lf bhddon, m. name of the fifth 

solar month, August — September (in which the full 
moon is near Purvabhadrapada), s. 

j^yjii^j HT^tW bhadonwi, of or relating to 

the month bhddon ; the autumnal crop. s. 

u^,(i\.^ ^^^"TT bahd-dend, a. (lit. to set afloat), 

to demolish, to destroy, to ruin, to impoverish, to de 
prive of felicity or fortune, s. 

13^,1^ 4f^|fW.«f| bahd-phirnd or lahd-bahd jV ^^^ bihdr, in. diversion, spoit, arause- 

phirnd, n. to wander ; to be in a distresaed condition ; I ment ; name of a province, bihara-sthal, place of 
to be intoxicated, s. amusement, s. 

j^J bahdr, f. spring; beauty, elegiince, de- 
light, bahdristdn, m. a place adorned with the blos- 
soms of spring ; name of a Persian book by Jam!, p. 

j\^ VflX bhdr, m. a load, weight, fagot, gra- 
vity, a weight of gold equal to 2000 palas. t. 

j^ ^nr; bhdr, out, without (v. bdhar)'^ adj. 
external, outside, d, 

\j[^ HTTT bhdrd, m. a load, burthen. *. 

u])^ ^^^^^^^> the spring season, p. 

{J^jiJ^ >?RY^ bhdr-briksh, ra. a fragrant 
substance, commonly called kdkihi considered vari- 
ously as a vegetable or mineral product. (. 

C^l^ >?TOT bhdrat or bhdrata, m. the heroic 

poem which contains the account of Yudhislpthir's war ; 
m. name of one of the nine divisions of the world : 
India proper, so called from Bharata, the son of 
Dushyanta, whose patrimony it was. s. 

WjV^ m^l bhdrjd, f. a wife; wives of the 
Rags, or deities presiding over the Hindu musical 
modes, bhdrjdtwa, the condition of a wife, bhdrjapik, 
m. a henpecked husbnud. s. 

^\^dj<^ V([TS\^ hkaradwdj, m. a skylark. 5, 

^lliMjjl^ bukdristdn, abode of spring, or of 
beauty ; name of a Persian work by the poet Jami. p. 
(Oi^^ ^^KH buhdran, f. sweepings, h. 

D.l^ ^CnCffT buhdrnd, a. to sweep, to ga- 
ther, h. 

^j,X<^ sT^KhI buhdrni, f. a broom, a besom. A. 

jjl^ ^^l<& buhdru, m. a sweeper, h. 

sl. .1^ H[K<?T? bhdr-rvdh (also bhdra-vdhik), 

m. a porter, a bearer of burthens, t. 

(j^l^ ^^T'f^ buhdn, f. a broom, a besom, h. 
(^\^ >Tnft ///iorijheavy ; of importance(raet.); 

big, weighty, fat, large ; valuable ; patient, steady, 
grave ; strong, thick, troublesome ; m. a porter, car- 
rier of burthens, bhdri-bharkam, grave, sedate, bhari 
patthar chumkar chhofnd, to withdraw from a difficult 
or impracticable undertaking, s. 

i^X^ bahdn, vernal, relating to spring, p. 
' L$j^ fwirtf bihdri, sportive ; a name of 

Krishna ; name of a Hindi poet s 

b^l4> >TT^ hharya, f. lit. a wife or married 
woman ; a musical mode ; the wife of a Rag or deity 
presiding over a musical mode. $ 

f^ HT? bhdr, m. a furnace, kiln (particu- 
larly for frying grain). «. 

jW *^ bhar, in. the price of fornication. 
bhar-hhand, a. to live on the wages of prostitution 
(applied not to the vroman but to her dependants), h. 

\f^ HTfT Ihara, m. hire, settled fare, rent ; 

recompense, h. 

ju>\^ HHTt bhasur, m. a husband s elder 

brother ; a species of costus {Costut speciotfu). s. 

j^^ HI4«h4. bhaskar, resplendent, shining ; 

m. the sun ; name of a Hindu astronomer, author of 
the Siddhanta Shiromani and other works. $■ 

U**»l^ >mnTT hhasnd, n. to be known, to 

appear, s. 
.^**>l^ HT^T bhaswar, shining, radiant ; m. 

the sun, a day ; Costus speciosus. s. [hhahJta). s. 

Li»l^ HTW bhasha, f. a dialect, &c. (same as 

(Jl>t*)l^ ^f^ bhashit, spoken, said. s. 
a^^ >n^ bhakta, 1 rn. a follower, a de- 
u^Jc^l^ Hlfflicli bhaktikj pendant,a retainer. «. 
ig^^ HT«R^ bhakst, f. a kiln. «. 

^l^ ^^ bhdkha, f. speech, dialect, Ian 

guage. s. 
^-*^^ ><l*f«il bhdkhnd, a. to speak, to call. *. 

^^^ ftr^TT&iVta^jm. name of a ragin music, h. 

t^J'l^ mt\ bhdg, m. fortune, destiny ; share, 

lot ; tax, duty ; share in kind ; a degree, the 360th part 
of a circle ; a fraction, bhag jdgna, to be fortunate. 
bhdg-bata,i, apportionment of the shares of a crop. 
hhag-dar, a sharer. ». 

•^J^ol^j ^rnTTHTT bhdgd'bhdg, m. running 

away, flight, h. [fort, consolation, d. 

^JJ^^— ^^^ *'I'W0*II bhag-bharosd, com- 

oUlI/I^^ mTWRI bhag-jana, n. to run 
away. h. 

';f^ HTTf bhagar, f. flight, a general emi- 
gration, escape from immediate danger. A. 

\)^^ fw^nm bihagara, m. (v. bihag). h. 

lP^ HTT^ bhdgalf trick, affectation, h. 

^J^^ ^nn^Tft bhagaljmri, m. a kind of 
cloth from Bhagalpur made of silk and cotton, h. 

Jil^J vmr^ bhdgali, false, mock, imita- 
"tion. h. [pocrisy. h, 

lAbl^ HTTf^^n bhagaliyd, f. imposture, hy- 
^^UlL/I^j ^i'i*ii«i bkagman, fortunate, s. 

y^\S^ ^i< 1*1 1 til bhagmdni, f. good for- 
** tune. «. 

( i34 ) K^ 

Ijo^j vnT»n bhdgnd, n. to flee, to run away. h. 

j^^> MI'FH^. bhdgnar, name of a rich allu- 
vial Roil on the banks of the Jumna, h, 

i^^ HTfhWt bhdgint, fem. of bhagi, partner, 

co-heiress, a sister, s. 

*-iJ^^ >nf»T«^'? bhdgineya, m. a sister's son. a. 
y^ iTTT bhdgu, a deserter, a runaway. A. 

j'jSl^ HT'nR. bhdgwdr, held upon a joint 

tenure or share (land), h. [speroas. *. 

ij^y^ >niMH bhagawdn, fortunate, pro- 

CJjSI^^ HTTWiT bhdgavat, m. name of one 

of the purSnas. s. 

\jy l^ HTif^TT bhdgord, a runaway, a coward.A. 

^\^ iTpft 6/ta^i, m. a partner, sharer, par- 
ticipator, a co-heir ; also a share or portion. bhSgi- 
dar, a sharer," a partner, adj. prosperous. ». 

r^jj^{^vnTfUyt bhdglrath,m. name of a pious 

king whose austerities brought the river Ganges from 
heaven, s. 

ij^j4^ vrr'fh:^ bhdglratht, f. the river 
"Ganges (so called from the pious monarch aforesaid). ». 

jjjp^ HT?^ bhdgel, a deserter, a runaway ; 

desertion, flight, h, 
t:)'^W HN'M<|I«T bhdgyawdn, \ fortunate, 
CjOi^y^ VPT^'I^H bhdgyawant, J rich. $. 
ao^l^ >?Tn| bhdgya, m. fortune, destiny. «. 
(^;J^^ HUM^ltl bhdgya-hin, poor,wretched, 

unfortunate, s. 

Jl^jt HT^y bhdl, f. the point of an arrow, h, 
Jl^j HT^y 6^a/, m. a tribe of rdj-puU. k. 
Jl^ *n^ 6Aa/, f. the forehead j fortune, s. 
Jl^j *rr^ &^aZ, m. a bear. #. 

^l^ HT^ &Aate, m. a spear (about seven 

cubits long). <. 
cib^l^i *n^5T^ bhdldnk, m. a sort of fish, 

commonly called the rohi {Cyprittut rohita) ; a sort of 
potherb, s. 

liWl^ >IT^'5F bhdluk," 

^\^ HTc? bhdluy 

U)l^ >TT^5«TT bhdlna, a. to see, to perceive, to 
look, to contemplate, h. 

*^^y\^ bhdlu-kold, m. a hyena, or, as some 
say, a hybrid anirn<^l between a wolf and a jackal, d. 

CIaaJI^ HT^ bhdlait, m. a pikeman, a spear- 
man, s. 
^^\^ Hlfmi bhdmin, angry, passionate. ». 

^j|0^ HlfHfdbhdmini, f. a passionate woman. «. 

^J^ >rR bhdnu, m. the sun. s. 


a bear. s. 


i 135 ) 


^^[^ bhan, f. (for bahin, q.v.), a sister, d. 
^^'^i ftrfTT bihan, m. morrow, morning, h. 
UI4J »TT»TT bhana, a. to please, to suit, to fit, 

to be approved of. h. 

ISl^ <4^MI hahand, a. to make flow, to set 

afloat, to launch. *. [time), h. 

Ul^. f^^T«TT bihdnd, n. to spend or pass (the 
\j\^ bahdnd (for bahana), m. pretence, &c. p. 

C^'^ >Tnr bhdnt or Htfif bhanti, f. manner, 

mode, method, kind, sort, h. [sorts, h. 

«Jlol^ '-^^^^ bhdnt-bhdnt, \dir\on8, of many 

tiL^il^ vrir bhdnt, m. a medicinal plant (CZe- 

rodendron infortunatum, Lin. ; Folkameria infortunata, 
Roxb.). s. [melongena. s. 

U3l^ >?t^ bhdntdy m.the egg-plant (^Solanum 
^'^. ^TtiT ft/iawj, f. twist, s. |.^^ ^ 

lail^ >TT»r bhdnjd, m. a nephew, a sister's 
UaSl^ hI«(HT bhd?ijnd,a. to put into circular 

motion, to twist, to turn on a lathe, to wave, to bran- 
dish, s. [daughter, s. 

ig^^ HTaft bhdnji, f. a niece, a sister's 
^-^l^ vn"^ bhdnji, f. interruption, hinder- 

"ance ; tale-bearing, hhayiji-khor, m. an interrupter, a 
tale-bearer, bhdnji khdnd, a. to give a malicious piece 
of intelligence, bhdnji-dena or -marnd, a. to interrupt, 
to put a stop to, to break in upon, h, 

I.U-^l^ HT«1^TT1 bhdn-chdrd, sisterhood, 

state or relationship of sister, d. 
iol^ vrn3 bhdnd, m. a mimic, an actor; 

a small earthen pot : stock, isapital. *. 

\3Jl4) >Tn^ bhdndd, m. a large earthen pot; 

estate, equipage. bhdTi^d-phufnd, n. to lose one's cha- 
racter, s. 

^1 joIaj irnpK bhdnddr, '\m. also bhdnddr- 

MjoIa.) >Tr?!Jrn bhdnddrd,} khdna, a store, 

a place where household goods are kept, a storehouse. *. 

(_5.\jol^ >TT^5T^ bhdnddrt, m. a house-stew- 
ard, a treasurer, purveyor. *. [mimic. 3. 
(j3ol^ ^nf?S«T bhdndin, f. an actress, or female 
\3 JoW *TT;i3*n or vriTwTT bhdndnd, a. to abuse, 

to calumniate, s. 

(_5^3J\.AJ Hittrt bhdndaiti, f. mimickry, buf- 

" foonery ; a female mimic, an actress. *. 

^.JoV^j -^v^^bhandh^va. the Indian fig-tree. 5. 
^j-Jl^J bhdns (for bans q. v.), m. a bamboo, d. 
^j^\^ bhdnsi (for bdnsl q. v.), f. a flute, 
••&c. d. [shrub. A. 

^^jl^j MMcdO bhdnhart, f. name of a 
k-Gl^ ^iehSI bhdnkrd, m. a fop, a parasite, h. 

ti^'^-> *Tfn hhdng, f. hemp ( Cannabis sati- 
vtu), of which au intoxicating potion is made. s. 

i^Xil^j ft/ta«^?'a,1 m. one who is addicted to 
i^^ bhdngi, J the use of bhdng. s. 
\jX.'i^ H'NICI bhdnyerd, m. a seller of bhdng. s. 
fj^i^^^ HTHHrft bhdn-matt, m. a female jug- 

" gler, an actress. «. [handsome, a, 

^J^^J^ >n^'(ift bhdnumati, adj. f. beautiful. 

U)l^ HT«T5TT bhdnnd, a. to turn (on a lathe), 

to put into circular motion, to twist, wave, brandish ; 
to break, destroy, h. 

^l^ WtT bhdnu, m. the sun. s. 

jlyl^ )7TH<1I4: bhdnuwdr, m. Sunday, s. 

jjjl^ Hnr, bhdnwar, 'If. revolution, circu- 

^yl^ >n^T!t bhdnrvri,} lation. hhdnmrl 

phirna, to circle; to be sacrificed. *. 
^_^yl^ bkdnoli, f. a sort of bread, (f. 

ajl^ bahana, m. pretence, evasion, contriv- 
ance, excuse, pretext, p. 
jj,l^_ f^?T% bihdne, early, soon. A. 

jl^j HR &/ta,o, m. price, value, rate, friend- 
ship, h. 

jl^ HT^ bhdrv, m. state or condition of being; 

natural state, disposition, nature ; meaning, purpose ; 
sentiment, passion; will, notion, idea; living, being, 
existence, thing; choice, liking; blandishment; ges- 
ticulaation, acting, pantomime, expressing a meaning 
by signs ; a sudden idea or emotion of mind, bhdto- 
batand, to gesticulate. 3. 

jl^ ^r^^ bahdyO, m. flowing, a flood, s. 
CJjI^ >nf%ll bhdvit, animated, inspired; 

thoughtful, anxious, apprehensive, alarmed. ». 

\3j\^ *n^]n bhdyOtd, amiable, dear, beloved, h. 
— jl^ >TITS| bhdmaj, f. a brothers wife, also 
the wife of a wife's brother. 3. 

L^Jjl^ M\4Sfi bhdwak, m. the external expres- 
sion of amatory sentiments ; a friend, a lover. 3. 

tdJjl^ Hlfcleh' bhdmik, natural, innate, senti- 
mental, relating to feeling, s. 

i^y^ ^J^^ bhd,oli or bhdwaU, f rent paid 

"in kind to a zamtnddr, distribution of crop between 
the zaminddr and cultivator. bha,oli-khil, land recently 
brought into cultivation. bha,oll-pa, land long culti- 
vated, h. [cerning, in respect to. A. 

^l^ *TRfT bhdwn or Ma,o«, regarding, con- 
\3jl^ )|T<f<1T bhdvand or bhd,ond, f. mental 

perception, recollection, the present consciousness of 
past ideas or perceptions ; imagination ; religious and 
abstract meditation ; looking about, observing, investi- 
gating; consideration; apprehension, contemplation, 
thought, doubt, fear, concern. 5. 

13.1^ iTFRT &/ia,owa or &Aawna,n. to please, h. 
85I4J >n^ bhdwak, f. a younger brother's 

wife. s. 

ijj\^ HT^ bhdwi, ^future, what is about 
^}^^ >Tr^ bhdma,t,) to be, predestined. 8 


( 136 ) 


i^.j^^ HTcf bharven, postpos. inasc. in the sen- 
timent, perception, mind, notion; in one's eyes, in 
Bight, near, before, &c. h. [to be. s, 

Wjl^ HT"? b/tdvya, what must, will, or ought 
jS^ bahd,im (pi. of &-*J^), beasts, animals, 

wild beasts, baha.imi, beastly, brutal, a. 

(C^'t^ ftr^T^6t7ta,t,f.a spirit supposed to tease 

"infants, whispering alternately sad and pleasing things 
in their ears, which is the cause of their laughing and 
crying in their sleep or waking, h. 

iS^> HT^ bhd,t, m. brother, also a friend or 

'comrade. bha,i-aiis,also bha.i-pafisi and bha,i-iiffa,the 
share or portion of a brother, s. 

'^^^lJ^ ^1^1^ bhd,i-bdnt, m. fraternal 
commiinity ; a term applied to a village owned by 
brothers, or descendants from one common stock. «. 

Oo^l^. Htf^ bhdfi-bat (^or bhd,l-vat), like 

a brother, fraternal «. 

f^J^fS^ >n|;^f5 6Aa,t-&awc?,m. brotherhood, 

brothers, friends, relations ; also bha,i-bandi. s. 
IjVi^^ HT^^TO bhd,i-chdrd, ni.'l brother- 
i^jW\J^ >TT|;<n^ bkd,l-chd7-i, f.) hood, 

frateriiity. s. 

tjrol^^ HT^«T bhd,tn, terrible, awful. A. 

(j^ ^^«l'^*i bahu-hachan, plural (in gram- 
mar), s. 
C^jj^ W^ bhabrut, ashes of cow-dung. «. 

\i^ H^eFT bhablid, m. an alembic; a kind 

of drinking-vessel with a large mouth, a. 
^^^J^4^ >T^r«irr*TT bhabkdnd, a. to kindle, to 

light ; to provoke, to exasperate, to enrage ; to spur a 
horse, h. 

UxA^ H4'o(if{l bhabaknd, n. to be enraged, to 

rush on with rage ; to catch fire ; to run with great 
rapidity (a horse), to bubble (as boiling water), to roar, 
to grumble, h. 

^^J^ H^^ bhabki, f. threat, h, 

(Jfv^ ftf^^ bihbal, agitated, alarmed, over- 
come with fear or agitation, unable to restrain one's 
■elf. t. 

CJyX^ bhabut^^f. ashes of cow dung (vide 

i3^f^ bhabuit,) bhabhut. s. 

i>^jL^ bih-bud, m. "1 health, vigour, goodness, 

^jd^x^ bih-budt,f.) welfare, p. 

^-ff^ ^t5^T^ bahbahd, flowing, gliding along; 

brave, bold ; public, notorious, h, [fortunate, s, 

jukil^x^ ^T^HTni hahu-bhdgya, f. bahu-bhdgyd, 
j^i^ >W^ or ^T^iTt bhabbhar, m. solicitude, 

alarm, bhabhar bhabhar parna, n. to be alarmed, to 
be frightened, s. 

\j\j^x^ ^^TJ^ IjJiabhrdnd, a. to swell (par- 
ticularly the face), to entertain doubts, h. 
'J^^jL^ >WT?TT bhabharnd, n. to be solicitous, 

to be alarmoil, lo Lo fViglitoned. h. 

'~^4^ WW hlmhhak, f. sudden bunting 
forth of flame ; forcible expulsion of water from a 
fountain or pipe; smell arising suddenly. A. 

'^^^^M^ *WoPRT bhabhaknd, n. to simmer, to 
bubble ; to emit steam, to boil. h. 

(J4f4^ H^HqJ bhubbhal, fat, corpulent, h. 

^^^4^^ HiJTr bhabhut, f. ashes of cow-dung, 
which ascetics or jogis rub over their bodies. #. 

^.f^ri^ >Wo|fT bhabhukd, m. blaze, flame, ex- 
plosion ; adj. red (as a coal): this is sometimes applied 
to the splendour of a beloved person's countenance; 
adj. splendid, beautiful. A. 

jrb^ H^IKT bhapdrd, ^m. steam,vapour, 

L v4^ *^**««n<i bhaphd7'd,) exhalation. «. 

J^^ ^^^'Abahvr-putra, having many children j 

m. a tree {Echites scholaris). t. 

i^y-ipci TJ1"<1 bahu-putri, f. a plant (^Atpa- 

ragus racemosus). i. 

J^^ fl^M^ bahu-patra, m. talc. $. 
ijj^^ Ti?^^ bahu-patrt, f. a drug ( Trigo- 

nella fcenum grcecum). s. 

cL*-.^ M^^Z bahu-patu, very clever. «. 
i^j^ici T^M^JT baku-paml, f. a medicinal 

plant {Trigonella famum grcecum). «. 

Xf^ ^^HMI^ bahu-pravdh, flowing in maujr 

streams, s. 

Ux^ HMefcHI bhapaknd (same as bhabhaknd), 

to simmer, boil, &c. d, 

*^3^ Wl^ bhapold, m. a blister, d. 
l^l^A^ MVfXU bhaphdrd, m. steam, vapour. «. 
^^^ ^riiiK^ bahu-phal, fertile, fruitful; m. 

the Kadamb-tree (Nauclea cadamba). bahu-phali, ad^, 
f. fertile ;. f. the opposite-leaved fig-tree. s. 

(_ff^^ f^T^ bihphai, m. Thursday, s. 
'--*t^ ^^fT bahut, much, many, more, most; 

bahtit ydr hond, to become more intimate than for- 
merly, s. [sonry. «. 

C/^ fWf^ bhitti, f. a wall of earth or ma- 
^4? W^flT bahtd, running (water), bahte 

pant men hath dhona, to pay attention to one's friends, 
or attend to one's own duty or affairs while the oppor- 
tunity is favourable; to make hay while the sun 
shines, h. 

\1^ >T^ bhtittdf m. Indian corn or maize, 
see bhulta. h. 

\1^ bhattd, m. a pair of bellows, d* 

CipjU^ ^?TTT?r bahutdtj f. excess, abundance, s. 

jljk^ HiTK bhatdr, m. a husband, s. 

^IX^ buhtdn, m. calumny, aspersion, false 
accusation, buhtdn bdndhnd, to calumniate, a. 

Ubl::^kifii^i/>//w/a/<rt, devilish, peevish, fierce.*, 
clo.lj^j V^iT|i|d bahutdyat f. abundance, 

plenty, multitude, i. 


( 137 ) 


ji^ hihtar, good, excellent, well, better, p. 
J<^ Mtm. hahattar, serenty-two. h. 
jLi •^^^ bahutra, in many ways or places, s. 
ijj^ bihtart, f. superior excellence, welfare./?. 
{J^J^ ftzA^arm, best, superior, p. 

U*>d*^ «|^fl'9T bahut-sa, a great deal, very 
much, h, [a demon, t. 

Ul^t vfK*^ bhutna, m. a small devil, an imp, 
j^IJ^J vnnft bhutni, f. wife of an imp ; a fe- 

" male demon, s, 

ti)y^j W?r7IS bahu-twakk, ta. the Bhoj or 

birch-tree. s. 
iy^ ^J?W bahutwa, m. plurality, multitude, 

abundance. «. 

iC^ »|?n bhatta, m. an extra allowance for 
troops when marching; batta. h. 

V^^ vrn^bhutaha, devilish, peevish, fierce. ». 
OIjC^^ Mfri^HI bhutiyana, n. to be like a 

devil, s. 

\:jii^^>?fft*n JAa'yajni. nephew, brother's son.«. 
f^.^^ HfOiO bhattjt, f. niece, brother's 

•• daughter. ». 

\x^ y^riC T bahutera, very much. a. 
cLa^ >?3 &/*«<, f. misfortune, curse ; an oven, 

a furnace, a kiln, bhat papia, n. to be cursed, to be 
unfortunate, to be lost (lit. to fall into the kiln), h. 

cLaA; >T7 bhat, m. a warrior, hero, soldier; 
a barbarian or outcaat of a particular tribe. «. 

4^1*4) Vf^ bhatt, m. a learned man, a philo- 
sopher ; a title of MahSrattba Brahmans. i. 

U^ HJT bhatta, a ploughman's wages in 

kind, h, 

\1^ V[^ bhutta, m. Indian com {Zea mays); 
any large bunch, the head or ear of com ripened, h, 
\JxAi bhatta, m. a pair of bellows, d. 
— jU-U^ VfJT^T^ bhattackarj m. (for bhaU 

fdcharya), the most learned of the learned; a title 
given to the Kanaujiya Brahmans : it is also applied 
to one who teaches any branch of Sanskrit literature. «. 

Ki^ vrrcW bhatkd, astray, wandering, h. 

GKjI^ vr^ekHl bhatkana, a. to baulk, to mis- 
lead, to deceive, to scare, to caose to grander, to lead 

astray. /;. 

jJIKcIa^J iirz^SSST%_bhat-hatd,i, If. the name 
Ijjk^kiiA^ v(Z^%xn bhat-kataiydj of a prickly 

plant {Solanum Jacquini, Willd.). h, 

\iji^j^ ^idh^iMl bhat-kariyd, a class of infe- 
rior rajputs. h. 
^j^ Hd<li<11 bhataknd, n. to wander about j 

to go astray, to miss the right path. A. 
iJj^ >T3'ftT bhat-gdur, a subdivision of the 
Gaur raj-puts, q.T. k. 

^Jo^ M7^ bhatula, m. a kind of bread made 

from the flour of the arher and other sorts of pulse. A. 

^Uo^ vtz*(UKbhatndgar, a tribe oi Kdyaths.h. 

(jjk^ fJTT'ft bhitni, f. a nipple, h. 

y^ WS bhatu, interj. O sister ! h. 

J»iAJ JT^t^ST bhatolar, lands allotted to bhdts 
or bards ; also lands given to Brahmans. h. 

sj^ bhutta, m. Indiancorn, any large bunch. A. 
l^j(^ VfZl bhatthd, m. a furnace, kiln, oven. h. 

-^i^ Vlf[ bhattht, or W^ bhatkl, f. a small 

"fire-place, a kind of furnace; a liquor-shop, distillery, 
bhatthi-ddr, one who keeps a spirit-shop. h. 

.bj^^i^^ vr^t^ bhatthi-ddr, a person who 

manufactures and sells spirituous liquors, h. 

UU^jk^ ^rfjTTUI bhathiydrd, m. (or bhathi- 
yarl, f.) a sutler, an innkeeper; one who prepares 
victuals for travellers in a sara. h. 

^ iVaAji^ >Tf7xrR^ bhathiydrpan, m. the 

business of a bhalhiyard. h. 

dJls^jU^A^ >lf7^I<^R bhathiydr-kMna, an 

inn, a caravanserai, p. 

^^jU^]i^ ^r<SMir<CH bhathiydrin,\f. a female 
(^j[x^i^ M izmCi bhathiydrl, J sutler, h. 
JL^ji^^ >ir<!MI(jSi bhathiydl, with the current, 

i.e. down the river, and not with the flood tide ; m. a 
kind of marsiya, or elegiac verses sung in praise of 
Hasan and Husain. h. 

UU^A^ )Tr<SMT«f1 bhathiydnd, n. to go down 

the river ; to ebb (the tide). A. 
fj^ vf^ bhattl, f. a furnace, a kiln, an oven, 
"a still ; name of a raj -put tribe. A. 
/^ >T?^ bhata,t, f. praise from a poet 
"(bhat). h. [(in Bondlecund. A. 

ba^J Mdm bhatiyd, the poorest kind of land 
Uj^t Hfinnn bhatlydrd, m. (same as bhathi- 

ydra), a sutler, an innkeeper. A. 

ti^v jW^ ^rfturnif bhatiydrpan (see bhathi- 

yarpan). h. 

jjjLa^j xHsi^lflW bhatiydrin,\^ f. a female 
(«,\ja^. xf^m^ bhatiydri, J sutler, h. 
Ulju^ )Tf|prRT bhattiydnd, the country of 

the bhatii rajputs. A. 

-^ >nf bhuj, m. the arm above the elbow ; 

one of the shorter sides of a right-angled triangle (i.e. 
the perpendicular or the base.) t. 

Vrs^ Win bhujd, f. the arm above the elbow, s. 
Uld-^ if^VlMI bah-jdnd or THlWnTT bahi- 

jdnd, n. to flow, to go or swim with the stream; to be 
ruined, to be destroyed. A. 

01*^ MSflfiT bhajdnd, a. to cause to flee. h. 
UUrd^ fMHI»lT bhijdnd, a. to cause to be wet, 
to wet, to moisten ; to cause to send. A. 


( i'3s ; 


iJL* < ~^ bahjat, f. joy, pleasure, gladness, 

cheerfulness, alacrity, beauty, grace, excellence, a. 
d^sf^ >fWff bhajat, serving, waiting uponj 

enjoying carnally. «. [away. t. 

^W"-*^ ^rftnrnn bhaji-jdna, n. to flee, to run 

ijssr^ >nr*T bhajan, m. adoration, worship- 
ping, a hymn; enjoying carnally, hluyan-k., a. to 
sing; to say prayers, to worship. *. 

Ujstwt trarrr bhajnd, a. to worship, to count 

one's beads, to adore, s. 

UcF^ H^HT bkajnd, n. to flee, to run away. k. 
\Xsf^ vfSf'ifX bhujnd, m. parched or scorched 

grain, s. 

i^JS^r^ vrWff bhujang, \ 

^. *A J Jf , , . f m. a serpent, s. 

j^iJ,strr: vfK^ bhujangam,) 

Ika*^ Marl^l bhiijangd, m. a kind of shrike, 

commonly called "the king crow" (Lanius caru- 
lescens). bhujange ufana, to be in great distress and 
poverty ; to spread false reports, h. 

LdlAlaryr >?if?fhv bhajmk, m. a singer j an 

adorer, s. [sent. h. 

\j\^atr^ f>T3f^T»n bhijwdnd, a. to cause to be 

L;c4^ >Tftnn bhujiyd (same as bhdjt), f. 

greens, h. 
^^ >r^ bhuch, barbarous, ignorant, h. 

CiLc^' vnnii bhachak, alarmed, aghast, start- 
ing, bhachak rahnd, to be amazed or astonished at a 
sudden and unexpected event, s. 

\3ows:A^ >T'?cirT*TT bhachkdnd, a. to amaze, to 

strike with astonishment, h. 

\j^sr^^ WB(W*{\ bhachaknd, n. to be asto- 
nished or amazed, h. [eating, s. 
^j^' >?^fT bhachan (for bhakshan), m. food, 
^-s=«^ ^^ bhuchampd, m. a kind of tree 

(Kcempferia rotunda) ; also a species of fireworks re- 
sembling the flower of that tree. s. 

*-fJ^>^^- *T^^ bhuchang, m. name of a bird 

{Lanius cartilescens). h. 

'^f^^- >T3 bhachh (for bhahsh), eatable, s. 
vii^^^ H^[dK bhackchhak (for bhakshak), a 

gormandizer, a devourer. «. 

Cii>4^^'^ ft^^fcR bhichchhuk, m. a beggar, s. 
U^a^- H^RT bhachhnd, a. to eat, to take food. s. 
i^-4^^''- *T^ bhachchhi or bhakshi, m. an 

eater. «. 

>^^ *f^ ?;/ia^, f. a slap ; a crash, h, 

\s^ H^ bhaddd, stupid, senseless, dull. h. 

ui)\iX^ ^T^'SR bhaddk, m. a crash, the noise 
made by any thing falling ; as, bhad or bhadak te gir 
para, it fell with a crash, h. 

o!o^ "if^^vsn bhaddkd, m. a sound or noise, h. 

sj\s^ bih-ddna, m. quince seeds, used as a 

demulcent in certain complaints, p. 

J>>\s^ *T^n[^ bhaddhar, grain cut when only 

half ripe. h. 

*i>^t>^ *T^^ bhad-bhad, m. sound made by 
the fall of a fruit, or walking of a person, &c. h, 

Ulti^j^ yH^^J^ bhad-bhaddnd, m. cutting 
grain when only half ripe ; shaking fruit from a tree, h, 

o\(^^iX^ >T^>T^TtTT bhad-bkaddnd, a. to make 

a sound by striking two bodies together; to strike 
repeatedly ; to shake fruit from a tree. h. 

i,lji>\s^S^ >T^H^T57 bhad-bhaddhat,f. somid 

made by the fall of fruits, h. 
j<^ >T5 bhadra, happy, prosperous, lucky; 

m. prosperity, happiness ; a fragrant grass {Cypertu) ; 
a wagtail, s. 

^j'^i ^T^ bhadrd, m. name of a bird, a lark. s. 

\jS^ iTJT bhadrd, f. an unlucky moment; 

the 2nd, 7th, and 12th days of the lunar month, s. 
<^,\jj^ >?jJH.ofc bhadrdrak, m. one of the 18 

minor dwlpas, or divisions of the world, s. 

^>y**^JS^ H'JT'fnT bhadrdsan, m. a throne, a 

peculiar posture of meditation used by devotees ; the 
legs bent and crossed underneath, and turned so as to 
bring the ancles in contact with the perineum, whilst 
the soles of the feet are held close to the sides, s. 

^Kii^ H^"^ bhadrdshva, m. one of the four 

maha-dwipas into which the known world is divided, 
or one of the nine khandas or smaller divisions of the 
continent : in either case it is the east division, a. 

{jS\)<^^ H^oRTTiy bhad7'd-kara7i,m.shay'mg.s. 
\i^ji\^ *^''^ bhadra-padd, f. name of the 

26th and 27th lunar asterisms. i. 

^jh'^^ vrjtnSl bhadra-parnd, f. a shrub 

(Pcederia fcetida). s. 

ji^ .J^,>T"5XIT!ff ftAacZra-parni, f. a tree {Ome- 

" Una arborea) ; a shrub {Poederia faetida). t. 

y^J'^^ vr^i^ bhadra-jau, m. the seed of the 

Echites or Wrightea antidysenterica, i. 

J^J*^ *nr^ bhadra-chur, m. a sort of 

euphorbia (Euphorbia tirucalli). $. 

j^iijiS^ W^iJ^T^ bhadra-ddru, m. a sort of pine 

{Pinus devadaru). s, 

iJLJ^jS^ WS^ bahu-drishta,\ 

» *» , T J T- r experienced. «. 

f^j>^, ^^^ bahu-darsht,) 

^jS^ *^^i^ bhadrak, beautiful, pleasing ; re- 
spectable ,worthy ; lucky, fortunate ; m. or f. advantage, 
produce ; nature, genius, reason ; beauty, goodness, 
pleasantness; m. a sort oi grass {Cyperus pertenuis) ; 
a sort of pine {Pinus devadaru). s. 

i^^j'^ ><$<*lc^1 bhadr-kdli, f. one of the 

"names of a Hindu goddess ; a fragrant grass {Cypenu 
pertenuis or rotuiidus). s. 

OJbi^iSjiis^ >r5fiTf^V5in bhadra-gandhikd, f. a 

creeping plant {Asclepias pseudosarsa, the narrow 
leaved variety), s. 


( 139 ) 



dLiXw^.c^^ >T^HU ^ bhadra-mustah, m. a 

fragrant grass {Cyperus per tenuis), s. [^cordifolia. s. 

jjtijjiis^ >15l<«in hhadrodnt, f. a plant {Sida 

" w 

^jjii^ H^<m1 bhadra-walli, f. Arabian 
"jasmine (Jasminum zambac)-, the large Bengal creeper 
{Gaertnera racemosa). s. 

Oy&ji^ >?"<J^»il hhadi'-hona, n. to be clean 

or purified by shaving one's head and beard after 
mourning, or in a holy place, t. 

(-Sj'M^ ^^^ bhadrl, m. an astrologer; a 

palmister. s. 
y .iX^ V|^4{t| hJiajdra-yav, m. the seed of the 

Echites or Wrightea antidysenterica. s. 
^S^S^ lI??frvrai«T hahu-dugdhika, f. a plant 

yielding a caustic, milky juice (euphorbia of various 
sorts), s. [sugar-cane. A. 

j^^S^ >?«^*(IT. bhadwar, land prepared for 
b .ji^^ >T^^ft?n hhadawriyoLy name of a tribe 

o{ raj-puts. h. [bad- «. 

;j2.jci^ '^fl^ bahu-dosk, fiill of faults, very 

1*4X4.^ ^?VT bahudha, in many ways, sorts, &c.; 
usually, often. ». 

U^\.^ ^^VT bahdha, f. pain, distress, obstruc- 
tion, hindrance, prevention. ». 

C^^lftiii.^ WfVPnf bahudhagat, dispersed, 
scattered, s, 

11;^ "^^ "»mR bahu-dhan, wealthy, rich. s. 

(Ji^i »T^ bhada,t, the produce of the month 

BhddoA. s. 

J-*-»^ >T^TJ^ bhadesal, 1 ill-shaped, ugly, 
^*«^<34>> *I^^^ bhadesala,) awkward, h. 
\1^ WS\ bhada or Wfl bhara, a kind of grass 
used for fodder, h. [{yr. 4akatU). h, 

bj3s^ )T?ft?n bhadariya, m. name of a tribe 

j^ bahar, f. a fleet, bahri, on account of 
ba-har, in every (this is used only in phrases from the 
Persian), a. p. 

j^ vttbhar, full ; as much as, as far as ; all, 
every, size, bulk, whole, up to. bhar makdur or mak- 
dur-mar, to the best of one's power, 'umr-bhar, all 
lifetime. It is sometimes used in composition, without 
expressing any meaning, unless it is " a," as ser-bhar, 
a ser ; bans bhar, (the height or length of) a bamboo ; 
kos bhar, a kos, whereas bhar kos would mean a full 
kos, &0. s. 

j^ bhir (also bhir), m. a species of insect, a 
wasp, a bee, (perhaps from the Sanskrit bhring, q. v.) 
(?) N. B. — This word occurs repeatedly in the IMtoanu-t- 
fqfd, pages 113 to 116. h. 

j^ ^^ bahur or W^fc bahuri, again, h. 

j^i ^m. bhar, name of one of the aboriginal 

races of India, h. 

j^ ^(^bahir, out, without, bahir ana, n. to 

issue, to come out. bahir-desh, remote or foreign 
country, bahir-mukh, the neglect of any moral or re- 
ligious duty; adj. impiotu. ». 


\j^ vfty bharra, m. a panic, fauj men 

bharra para, the army was seized with a panic, k. 
U^ Vtn bhara, full, overflowing, s. 

\j^ 1^ bahra, or wOji.! bahira, deaf. h. 
^]j^ HTUT bhrata,^ 
j\j^ Wnj bhratri, f 
'JJJi\j^ HTff^ bhratrikj 1 fraternal, bro- 
ioJ\j^ ijrrgfhr bkratnya, J therly. $. 

3yj^ ^^rng bahraru, ra. an upstart, a 

stranger, h. 
t,\j^ bahrdm, the planet Mars ; name of 

several kings of Persia; Varanes. p. 
j^'j^ WRT bhramar, m. epilepsy, s. 

i^j^j^. 'H\*\^ bhramart, epileptic, ». 

i^^Xa\j^^ HTH«F bhramak, ra. a cheat, a rogue, s. 

\3L^ >|tT»n bhurand, a. to wheedle, h. 

bL^ ^'^<LHI bahurdnd, a. to bring back, to 

cause to return. A. 
b|-^ ""Sffj^CHT bahirdnd, a. to divert, to amuse. A. 

b\^ HU»fI bhardnd, a. to fill, to cause to fill; 

to cover (a mare), t. [blundering, erring, t. 

tH^oL^ iJT'jr bhrdnta, whirled, revolved j 

\Z^\j^ Wf*i( bhrdnti,{. error, ignorance; re- 
volving, wandering. ». [a wanderer. 3. 
Ijolj^ *n»in bhrdnta, one who is gone astray, 

jjlj3\^ wf^ifHH bhrdntimdn, adj. erring, 

wandering, s. 

^o)^ infft bhrdnti, f. erring, wandering. $. 

cL>,\.^ HTT^ bhardrvat, f. act of filling; 

any thing in which they fill any substance, t. 
33\^j^ »R>TnB bharbhdnd, m. name of a 

prickly poppy {Argemone Mexicana). h. 
\j^j^ VR>n:T bhurbhurd, dry and in a state 

of powder, h. 

^)A^J^ ^J^^'TT bhurbhurdnd, a. to throw 
or sprinkle sugar or salt upon meat. h. 

b)^ ,^ W>nT»n bharbhardnd, a. to swell and 
be glossy (particularly the face, as in fever), s. 

{Jj^j^, VRHf^ bharbharl, f. a swelling, a sore. 

bhurbhurt, a light sandy soil. h. 

bb^ >?TTTRT bhar-pdnd, a. to be paid, to 
receive the full amount; met. is expressed when a 
person is disappointed ; as, main ne bhar paya, I am 
paid ; or still more idiomatic. "I am paid with a wit- 
ness." h. 

L? bj^ HTm^ bhar-pd,i, f. a receipt in full. h. 
\yij^ HTTTiRI bharpatwd, a subdivision of 
tb« bhar tribe, k. 


J^ij^ >n^ bhar-pur, \ overflowing, 




{^^j^ ^^M^ bhar-peti, pot-bellied, h. 

CJ>j^, WTif bharat, name of Rama's brother; 
the son of Dushyanta, and first monarch of all India. 
bharat khand, m. one of the nine divisions of the world, 
between Lanka and Sumeru, i. e. India from Ceylon 
to Tartary ; also the amount of revenue paid by an 
individual or party, s. 

C^j^ *T# hhart, or Vfiyt bharat, m. a mixed 
metal composed of copper and lead ; the name of a 
bird (a species of lark) ; the full amount of rent paid 
by a person, h. [bourer. «. 

Oj^ >pT bhrit, m. a servant, a hired la- 
C->^J ^itfn bhritiff. wage8,hire, maintenance.s. 
^j^. *T#T bharta, m. a cherisher, supporter, a 

husband, s. 
Xij^ >THT bharta, or >jtT bhurta, m. vege- 
tables boiled or fried and broken or pressed in the 
hand. «. [f reproach, abuse, s, 

Uu-'ij^^ >Tr§^ bhartsna, m. threat, menace ; 
J^Oj^ bharat-kul, a tribe of Brahmans so 

called, h. 

(^..Oj^. HT?nf bharat-varsh, m. India 
(so called from Bharata, son of Dushyanta, Hs first 
monarch), s. [a slave, s. 

i^j^i >??T bhritya, m. an attendant, servant, 
^J,j^> Wl^bhartt,f. completion; filling; load- 

ing, cargo ; vulgarly used for promotion, bhartt-k., 
to recruit. «. [in the metal called hhart. h. 

^j^ ^rfSlT bhartiya, ra. a brazier, a worker 

Ijo^ HTTT bhritya, f. hire, wages, s. 

AJOjA^ iTW bhritya,m.. a dependant, a servant. s. 

^U»-jAJ villvlMI bhar-jana, n. to be filled ; to 
be lined (a bitch) ; to be broken-winded (a horse from 
severe exercise), h. 

i^j^ *r^ hharjan, m. frying, boiling, s. 
jsilSj^^ &/m7'-rfanrf, 'I galloping at full speed. 

(!Jj1(ij4^ bhar-dand,} bhar-dand phenkna, to 

go at full speed, d. 
_,^j J^J >nSTW bharadrvaj, m. a skylark, s. 
jil»-j.^ ba-har-hal, by every means, somehow 

or other, a. p, 

Ijo,^^ >l*.^»f! bhar-dena, a. to pay j to darn ; 

to fill ; to reimburse, h. 

cL\<2j,4^ WS hhrasht, fallen, lost, depraved, 
debased, polluted, abominable, vicious, dissolute. 
bhra,i]it-k; a. to pollute, to seduce, bhras^t-hona, n. to 
be polluted ; to calcine, bhrashfa-rajya, deposed, de- 
prived of a kingdom. 

5*^ vr? bhrishta, fried, s. [^case. p. a. 
C^.yOj^ ba-har surat, in every aspect, or 

j^j^ ba-har taur, by every means, by any 
means, somehow or other, p. a. 

( 140 ) j^ 

w;4^ >?^"*! hharha, m. slaked lime. h. 

^ V^ >TT:3RV7T hharhana, a. to slake (lime). 

bhirkdnd, a. to cast, tlirow, dart, p, 

(„y^j^ VTBF^ hhrihutl, f. the eyebrow, a 

" frown, a contraction of the brows. *. 

V— ajo^^ ba-har half, by any means, any- 
how, p. a 

J^^- ^ ^f^T.ig'^f the name of a celebrated 

Muni. s. [Bhrigu, a tribe of raj-puts. h. 

i^^^'^j^ ^M«i«l bhrigu-bansi, descended of 

[V^- *'*' bhram, or ilTGR bharam, m. error, 
mistake, doubt, suspicion, apprehension, perplexity ; 
blunder, slip. s. 

i*j^ WI bhrami, f. error, blunder, mistake. 5. 

-•j4^ HT^fc/<aram,m. credit, character, bharam 
gaAwdna, n. to lose character, a, 

WA^ *Tl?rnn bharmana, a. to excite by 
throwing out temptation ; to deceive ; to perplex, to 
alarm, h. [round, roving, erring. 

C'^^j^^ W^ bhramat, adj. whirling, going 
j^j^ W(t bhramar, m. a large black bee ; 

vertigo, epilepsy, s. 

'^^'■^ ^f^W^ bahar-mukh, m. the neglect 
or violation of any moral or religions duty ; impiowu «. 

(^/^j^ HTIT bhraman, ra. whirling, going 

round ; walking, roaming. «. 

^^J^ *3fft bhrami or ^TTJft bharmt, apprehen- 
"sive, doubtful, scrupulous, whirling, going round, s. 
*^^^j^. *n:»fl^ bharmtld, ambiguous, doubt- 
ful, confoimded, scrupulous. A. 
{jA^. *n?!I or »nc*T bharan, to, up to (same as 

tak). bharan, m. cherishing, maintaining, rearing, 
the act of filling, paying in full. h. [door, h. 

\3^ f>7T«n bhirna, to be open or ajar (a 
Xij^ n^^i;*!! biharna, n. to rejoice, to take 
pleasure ; a. to enjoy, to delight, i. 

IJj^ HTHIT bharna, a. to fill, load, satisfy, 

perform, discharge (a debt) ; to undergo, to suffer, to 
daub; n. to abound, to be filled, to he^ (a wound), h. 

^j^. ^4.H1 bharna, acl of filling or complet- 
ing ; to give property in repayment of a debt : it also 
denotes the vessel that receives the expressed juice 
of the sugar cane. h. [back. h. 

^j^ iT^<«1l bahuma, n. to return, to come 
(jiJ;^ V^ bhransh, m. falling, declining, s. 
lL^3^ W^ bhring,vn. a large bee, enamoured 

of the lotus, the humble bee. *. 

^^jul^^t^ ^^U^f bhring-raj, m. name of a 

^nd of shrike {Lanitis Malabarietis) ; name of a medi- 
cinal herb or spreading shrub {Eclipta prostrata, Lin. 
Verbesitia prostrata, or Verbesina scandvia, Rojcb.), s, 

'—\^ \^.' H^3|i hhrimjak, m. a bird, a sort of 
shrike {Lanius Malabaricus). «. 

je ( 

iX-^A\ >T^ hhringt, f. a kind of wasp (^sjc»a 

"lolitaiia), a large black bee, a humble bee. hhringi- 
phal, m. the hog phim. s. 

^X-ij^ ^ipi^l bahii-rangt, of many colours, 
"met. fickle, unsteady, s. 

fjfjA> MK*(\ bharrii, f. weft, woof. s. 

jij^J MUt^ hharanl, f. the name of the second 

" lunar mansion (three stars in Mused), figured by the 
pudendum muliebre. s. [or load. s. 

\3)j^.) >1^1r|l bharwdna, a. to cause to fill 
li^^j^ ^a^^ hhru-hhang, m. a frown, s. 
i^jj^ '^^ki^ hahu-rup, adj. multiform ; m- 

mimicry, i. 

b jj^J ^^.vm bahu-rupa, m. a chamelion. s. 

t3jJt^ ^rf^nl bahu-rupi, Im. an actor, a 

IjO jj^ ^^^Pm^I bahu-rufiyd,^ mimic, a per- 
son assuming various characters and disguises. «. 

^UL>«^ q^«^wi bahu-rupya, m. mimicry. *. 
{X^j^ *<iT«rt bharauti, f. a release in full. A. 

bjj^. prefer bharota, m. a load of grass or 

hay. h. 
U*»jj^ xO^I bkarosa, m. hope, dependence, 

faith, confidence, bharosa k., to hope, to rely. s. 

ytMjj^ Mi\H^ bharosau (Braj. for bharosa), 

hope, trust, &c. s. 

litJL^ ^'4^ bahuron, again, a second time. h. 
(^j^J *^ bhrun, ra. pregnancy ; a foetus, a 

child, bhrun-hatya, f. murder of the foetus, causing 
abortion, s. 

bjj^ >?'OiiI bharauna, m. a load of wood. h. 
ij^ bahra, m. property, fortune ; quota, 

share, portion ; profit, gain, advantage, hdhra-tnand or 
bahra-war, or bahra-andoz, fortunate, prosperous, pro- 
fitable, bahra-mandi, f. prosperity, p. 

L$j^ >rft bhari, f. the weight of one sicca 

rupi, or one tola. t. 
(^j^> >T^ bhare, a grass which grows in tli(! 

jungles, used for thatching and making tatties, h. 

jc,^ f^^Ct bihri, f. a subscription to raise a 

certain sum, an assessment, quota, share, h. 
fJj^ %^^ fewAri, f. fried or parched barley, h. 

^JJ^^ ^^rlt bahri, f. a falcon, female hawk 

{Falco calidus, Lath.), bahrl-hacha, the male of the 
same species, h. 

i^j^ *TT^ bhara,t, f. a kind of cess or tax. h. 

\l^ Wifun bahriya, a stranger, s. 

b^ ^^T*n bahuriya, f. a daughter-in-law. s. 

bj^ ^rfiCiT bhariyd, land watered by irri- 
gation, h. 

Wl ) ^, 

b^ bharya (for bhara), full, filled, d. 
j^ bhir, m. a species of insect, a wasp. A. 

. . -,-,g>A 7 7 ..- fm. a tenant, a lessee. A. 
^J^^ HTnT bharattt,} 

^ -^T^ ^^^T bahu-rekha, m. pi. wrinkles, 

furrows, s. 

j^ WI bhar, m. a large boat, a lighter. A. 
j^ W? bhur, f. a hole through which water 

runs out, Ti. 

\'j^^ >T7T bhara, a kind of grass, v. bhadd. A. 

blj^jfildHT bhirnjid, a. to join, to place close 

to, to close in battle (armies) ; to cause to fight, h, 

(^K*^ f>T?r^ bhird,t, f. the closing of two 
armies in battle, h. 

^^}^j^ H^»T?T^ bhar-bhardna, to flutter. A. 

^^j^ *^^fi*<' bharbhariya, simple, can- 
did, -without guUe. h. 
^i^j4^ >Tf4»n bharbhunjd, m. a man who 

parches grain ; name of a caste of Hindus whose occu- 
pation is to parch grain, s. 

^2y^y^J^ >T^4iI«T bharbhunjan, f. a woman 

-vrho parches grain, a. 

bj *^ >TffCiH bharariyd, m. a conjuror. A. 
\jtAj bharard, m. the beleric myrobalan. d, 
(j^l*»*^ >T25IF^ bharasdfin, m. v. bhar. A. 
<-i)j^ >T?«ir bharah, f. splendour, blaze, flash, 

shovr ; perturbation, agitation, alarm, starting (in 
animals), h. 

bo^ ^fToFTfTI bharkdnd, a. to frighten, to 

scare ; to blow up into flame, h. 

i^j'^. bhnrhal, a large door or gate. d. 

Uiv^ >T^«TT bharaknd, a. to start, to shrink, 

to be scared, to be alarmed, to be blown up into a 
flame, h. ■ [coy. h. 

A-ifj^, H^^ bharhel, wild, untamed, shy, 

^/j4^ >Tfc|ft^ bharhtlaf splendid, glitter- 
ing, h. 

\J''jA>^^>tTm bhirnd, n. to close (as two ar- 
mies), to come together, to be joined, to shoulder, to 
join, to be placed together, touching each other; to 
be continuous, h. 

uiXJv^ HT^ bkardng, simple, undesigning, 

silly, artless, having the quality of telling secrets 
without reserve, h. 

I^jj^ ^T^TT bharu,d, m. a pimp, one who 
lives on what a prostitute earns, h. 

^_|\JV^ >TJ^rT^ bharu,d,l or bharwdfl, f. pan- 
'ierism, pimping; the wages of prostitution, h. 

U&j4> fir^ bhirha, m. a wolf. s. 

( 142 ) 


^•J^- ^ ^^"^''«*'^» \m. a tenant, lessee. A. 
^J>.j^^ ^ift bharaiii, J 

jj«^ iJH hhus, m. bran, husk, chaff, hhus 

par harat (lit. an assignment on chafF), i. e. an assign- 
ment from whence nothing can be obtained. ». 

^J«^^ >rR hhas, m. ashes, cinders, s. 

^j^^i fnVi hhis, the edible root of the lotus, k. 

GL*^.) *Wnfn bhasana, a. to launch, to set 
afloat, s. [carrying grain. A. 

, V„„A^ )T^rTW^ bhasarvan, a tax on boats 

l-^> jj«^ tnnnn bhas-bhasa, weak, soft, 
flabby (as meat). *. [ragus). *. 

'.jL-<J ^mTrTT bahu-suta, f. a plant (aspa- 

\^jL*^ W^friiS t bhas-tikka, m. a steak, chop, 
orcollop. h. [mons veneris, s. 

^v.^^j »TO^ bhasad, f. pudendum muliebre; 

U--4J >T^TT bhusra, m. a kind of inferior 
wheat. 7». [snake), rf. 

.\C-4^ ^TRIRTMI bhuskarna, n. to hiss (as a 

ij^*^ ^TToFTT bhuskdra, m. the breathing 
or hissing of a snake, d. [down, ft 

iJiC^ >nninn bhasakna, n. to fall, to drop 

J.^1*^^. VTTI^ bhusul (same as bhusera). «. 

UL^ fWrr^RT bhisalna, m. to be dazzled 

(the sight), ft. 
^^^i WfR bhasma or >TOIT bhasam, f. ashes. 

hlmsmn-snan, art of smearing the body with the ashes 
of cow-dung. a. 
C^«*A.) >TW«ir bhasmah, ra. a disease of the 

eyes, thickening of the membranes and indistinctness 
of vision ; morbid appetite, s. 

Ia^X»*«^ vt^^THT bhasma-garbhd, f. the sisu 

tree, or a variety of it (Dalbergia sisu). s. 

^.i^...A \ vr^TnT bhasmant, m. ashes, s. 

Oj\c-»— A^ vrpftWiT bhasmi-krit, reduced to 
ashes" calcined, s. [dning. «. 

^^y^^^^ 'HV(\*K*ii bhasmi-karan, m. cal- 
lJu«A^ >V9«n bhamd, n. to float, s. 
U*-^ "W^^RT bahasna, for USitf, q. v. a. 
»*--j ^TW bahu-su, f. the mother of many 

children. ». 

(^.j»M^ W5BtO bhusaurt, f.^j the place in a 
^«*«^ >f^c^T bhusaula, m.) dwelling-house 

for keeping straw, &c. *. 

1jo**«^.> >?^T!5T bhusaunddf m. a hole, a ca- 
vity, a place to put chafT in. t 

i^JU-^ iJ^TTT bhusera, 

^Uw«*4J «^c5T bhuseld, 

I^^Ju**^ *J^^n bhusehra, 

^\JL^^ ^^M bahu-shdkh, having many 

m. a place where 
corn or chaff is 


k.iL^ bihisht, f. Paradise, bihishtt, of or 
belonging to Paradise ; m. a water-carrier, p. 

jSL^j W^^nr bahu'shatru, having many ene- 
mies, s. [woman, h, 

(Jlis^ fire^S bhishtal, f. a foolish or stupid 

1/-^^ *Tf^rn bkashirdf f. a sort of beet {Beta 

Bengalensis). s. 

Lil^ if?^ bahuk, m. a plant (^Asclepias gi- 

gantea). s. 
lsJ^^ bhikart, m. a beggar, a mendicant, d. 
J\^j ^^eiilc^ bahu-kdl, m. a long time. s. 

13 0^ Vl^chHI bahkdndj a. to baulk, to disap- 
point, to mislead, to deceive, h, 

<J!X(^^^ »T^ bhakt, m. an adorer, one who has 

devoted himself to a religious life, a votary, zealot ; 
a Hindu performer, a dancer, a player, adj. attached, 
devoted, pious ; desirous, bhakta-rdj, lord of the de- 
vout, God. bhakta-ta, devotedness, attachment to. «. 

C.*^ >Tf^ bliakti, f. persuasion, religion, 
faith, attachment, desire, f. 

cX^ >T^ bhvkta, eaten, eating, s. 

^lix^ *T^JI^ bhaktdft, f. faith, devotedness. s. 

^l»Ix^ >Tf^WT«T bhaktimdn, m 

Cl«**J^x^ >Tfl»»nr bhaktimat, m. 

^♦:,3^ >?f^i!^ bhaktimatt, f. 

ul*Jyix^ ^rf^'iT J/iaA<«wan<,m. 

L-5^ >TcRTHT bhuksd, name of a forest tribe of 

raj-puts. h. 

^-J^J >T3F^ bhakslf f. a dungeon, a dark 

"room in which revenue defaulters (in native states) 
are confined, h. 

\JlS^> ivfW bhikskd, f. begging ; alms. s. 

JbV.lS^ f>T^m^ bhiksha-pdtra, m a beg- 
gar's bowl, a wallet for collecting alms. «. 
l1^.*.v ^> Xfvsfil bhnkshit, eaten. «. 

tiiLlS^ >T^fl|i bhakshak, gluttonous, vora- 
cious ; a feeder, an eater. «. 
CiXiiC^ ftrHi^r bikshuk, m. a beggar. «. 
^^.15^ HTIfnr bhakshan, m. eating. 5. 

&jLxl5<^ H^prhl bhakshariii/a, eatable, to be 
eaten. «. 



I ious. 

^ii^j >l^ bhakshi, m. an eater, s. 
ej^LS^ H^ hhakshya, eatable, s. 

JkSC^j ^T^oImTT hahakna, n. to be baulked^ 

to be disappointed, to be deceived, to stray, to be in- 
toxicated, h. 

udiiisC^^ ^SeFTpToF hahu-kantak, m. a prickly 

plant (Hedysarum alhagi) ; the marshy date tree. ». 
\^y^, >T^^T bhaku,a, foolish, stupid, h. 

ISU^^ )T<^^HI bhaku,ana, n. to be stupi- 

fied. h. [stuff, to eat. A. 

Glm»j^ Hclfrtnn bhakosna, a. to devour, to 

^c>l^i^ fWislTO bhikhari, m. a beggar, s. 

lSj^^^ f^W^ bhikhri, f. an unfilled grain; 

a shrivelled grain, h. 

U^Ss^ H^tTT bhakhna, a. to eat, to devour, s. 

i^J^ *rrT bhaff, f. vulva; prosperity, su- 
preme power, s. 

\X^ >?J7rr hhugga, simple, foolish, h. 

UIX^ >?'IHI bhagana, a. to drive off, to put 

to flight, h. 
IJl^ fW^rnn bhigdna, a. to wet, moisten, h. 
CL^t^ >TmT bhagat, m. (for bhakty q. v.), a 

religious mendicant, bhagat-k,, to disguise, bhagat- 
khelna, n. to be disguised, to act (a play), to mimic. 
hhagat-hona, n. to be initiated as a devotee ; to be 
affiliated to a religious order. This is peculiar to the 
low tribes. The initiation consists in putting a neck- 
lace of beads round the neck and marking a circle on 
the forehead ; after which the initiated person is 
bound to refrMn from the use of spirituous liquors 
and flesh, &c. s. 

IjLC^ ^niHt bhagta, name of a tribe of ahlrs, 
q. V. h. [requite, to cause to enjoy. *. 

13\jLC^ VTilrlMI bhugtdna, a. to distribute, to 
jcblC^^ >TTnrT^ bhagatdji, f. sanctity, life of 

a devotee, s. 

^J^^^i ^JIifHIW bhiigaimdn,fit to enjoy, de- 
serving punishment. ». 

^^:lC^ >4i|ri«f bhagfan, f. wife of a Bhagat ; 
(ironically) a lewd woman, a prostitute, a whore, h. 

Iju^^ ^'I'fl«11 bhugatnd, a. to enjoy, to suffer, 

to receive the reward of virtue or punishment of a 
crime, s. 

LX^ >^vfKm bhagtiyd, m. a dancing boy. h. 
(JJs^ H^T^ bhagal, m. affectation, hypo- 
crisy, trick, deception, bhagal-nikalna, a. to play a 
• trick, to pretend poverty, h. 

Ix^^X^, >TTc^1'l^«il bhagU-gahnd, ra. false 

jewels, trinkets. /(. 

U\^^ >TJTf^Tr bhagliyd, m. trick, cheat, im- 

imposture ; impostor, h. 

i^Xi(^ '^'i^^ 6a/m-^M»,m.1 many times; hav- 
Ix^ ^4*\^\bahu-gund, f. J ing many good 

qualities, s. 

143 ) ^ 

I i>f^ HTiT bhagna, torn, broken ; defeated. «. 
11^ iTT^iTr bhagna (also bhagina), m. a 

brother, s. 

(^_j*jU.C^^ ^TTrTr^l bhagnds, disappointed, s. 
ji^jX^i my*^ bhagandar or bhugandar, m. 

a fistula (in ano). s. 

jbSJ^C^ ^^Tl^ bahu-gandh, m. olibanum. s. 

IjbJJLO ^"fTW bahu-gandhd, f. Arabian 

jasmine, s, [sister, t. 

(_Ai^ M^flH^ bhagim, or W^ bhagni, f a 

J^ vtTTt bhaggu, m. a deserter, a runaway, h. 

^j\j^j WTWTfT bhagmdn, adorable, divine; 
m. the Deity, the Supreme Being. «. 

^J^^^ Wnt bhagrvdn, m. cloth dyed with 

geru, a kind of red colour or ochre, h, 
13\^X^ iPRRT bhagwdnd, a. to cause to flee 

or run away. h. 

C^^^ )?J|4f| bhagawat, divine, glorious; 

the Deity, the Most High. h. [serter. h. 

\j^^ ^*f \ i\ bhagord, ra, a runaway, a de- 

U*^ fWif^ bhigond, a. to wet, to steep, h. 

CLo^a^ >fn«f»H' bhagarvant, divine, glorious, 

illustrious ; the Deity, the Most High. t. 
l^^s^. Hjfjf^l bhagonhd, m. the reddish co- 

lour extracted from geru ; a kind of ochre, h. 
^j(^i^ >TJft^ bhaglrath, m. a king whose 

austerities brought the river Ganga from heaven, s. 
Jj^%^ >T^ bhagel, f. overthrow, defeat; ni. 

a runaway, a deserter, h. 

J^ W?^ bahal, f. a two-wheeled car (for 
riding in, not for baggage), coach, carriage, h. 

A^ >T^ bhal, good, well, bhal-ghoriyd, 
well-mounted; m. a cavalier. •. 

Ja> iT^ bhalj m. side, direction. «tr he hhal, 

head-foremost, h. 

Jt^ ^1^ ^^^^'"■^^ much, many. «. 

^)iA) >T^ &/m/a, good, excellent, benevolent, 

kind, healthy, virtuous, righteous, aonnd; strange, 
wonderful, admirable, comical, droll, bhdia adml, m, 
a person of respectability, a gentleman; (iron.) a silly 
fellow, bhala changa, in good order, perfect, in 
health, hhala manna, to take well. s. 

%ci ^?^ bahild, f. barren (generally ap- 
plied to cattle), bahtda (in S. India), the dark fort- 
night of the lunar mouth, h. 

(Jl)':).^ wgSTT bhuldt, f. forgetfulness. d. 

U^^J Xejbi ^ l T bhuldnd, a. to cause to forget ; 

to inveigle, to mislead, to deceive, to fascinate, to 
. coax. h. 

U^li^ 4^c^I<11 bahldndtdi. to divert, to amuse.//. 
1,^)^ ij^rrar bhuldmd, m. deception, fraud, 

a cheat, deceit, bhuldwa dena, a. to deceive, to play » 

trick, h. 

^ ( 

cjI^^^ ^*T55T^ bhilarvan,\m. a nut used for 
(JJ^^'? f*'55T^*T^/«^a«"aw,i marking clothes, 

&c., commonly called Malacca bean (Semiearpus ana- 

cardium). s. 

;_y^k^ *T5JT^ bhala,t, f. goodness, welfare, h. 

^J.^^ W^^^ bhal-pan, m. goodness, ex- 
cellence, h. 
^W-^ J4?l}4^ ^9^<^<«iHI bhal-bhal ujald, 

broad day-light, d. 

,_g^^y^ H^nraft bhal-puchchht, f. a plant 

"(Jfedysarum lagopodioides). i. 

»»d*J ' "I ^ ^W bahulatwa, m. abundance, s. 

UuJ^ >T5r8*n bhulasna, n. to be singed, 

scorched, h. bear. a. 

dlll^^ HW3B bhallak or WW^ bhalluh, m. a 

\^3iA^ >T^5c5T bhalkd, m. a gold patch fixed on 

the nose-ring ; a kind of bamboo ; dawn of day. h, 
Ki^ Hf^ohl bhallikd, f. marking nut. s. 

lH^i34^ >T^l?TfIfl bhal-mdnus courteous, 
polite, humane. «. 

Ol—i/oA^ >J<$H«lVlrf bhal-mansdt, f. hu- 
manity. ». [ture, benevolence, t. 

{,j^S^ H^Sinrrft bhal-mansi, f. good-na- 

Ul^-? ^^»It bahalna, n. to be divertefl, to 

be amused, h. 
uiJ^i^ ^'l^* bhalluh, m. a bear. «. 
J^)l^ &a/t?S/ or bahloU a virtuous prince ; a 

joker, one who smiles ; a man's name famed in Orien- 
tal anecdotes, like our Joe Miller, a. 

j-ss Juj fWoffn^ bhilaunjt, f. the seed of the 

"hldldwaA- s. [glove, p. 

&)l^. bahla, m. a privy purse, a falconer's 
^^ '^^j^ bahli, f. a two-wheeled car (for 

' riding in, not for baggage), a coach, a cari-iage. h. 

^jJ^ M^fcJ'n bahaliyd, m. a huntsman, a 

kind of retainer armed with bow and arrows. A. 

^A^ ■^^'^fl bahlim, name of a small tribe 
of Muhammadans near Mlrat and Dasna. h. 

^ baliam, together, one with another, one 

against another, haham ana, to be procured, acquired. 
baham palinnchand, a. to get, to acquire, to procure. 
haliam pahunchna, to be procured, p. [rence. s, 

^v^ ^T^TH bahu-mdn, m. respect, reve- 
(_£;v^f»^ WWfl' bhambherl, f. a butterfly, h. 
ll»^ >nr*Tr Ihamnd, a. to revolve, s. 

\jjuL»Y> W^HTI bahmaneta, a young Brah- 
man, h. 
Oj»^. ifl^f^ bahu-murti, multiform. «. 
\^y^ W?*'c5 ba/iu-mvl, many-rooted, s. 

144 ) t^ 

&a5^^ ^7ij<«[| bahu-mulya, costly, precious. «. 
^_5*4^ *T»ft bhanii, f. revolution, whirling ; 

" wandering. *. 

ii>^*4' ^^'T^ bhumydn, m. landholder. «• 
;;;^ ^?»T ba/iin,'W^ or bahan f. a sister. «. 
(j^. 'f*T^ />/ti/m or bhinna, separate, different, 

other, apart, (in arithm.) a fraction, hhinn bhtTtn, n^ 
rious, severally, t. 

t^ f^^ bihan or bihin, m. a seed. h. 

^ ^?»IT bahnd, n. to flow, to glide ; to float; 

to blow. s. [broiled, h, 

\^ >T^ bhunnd, n. to be fried, dried, parched; 

^Ij^ fn^Hi bhinndnd, n. to have a singing 

in the ears, to be giddy ; to sound (as shot, and brass 
pots, &c.). h. 

\3ljk^j >T^«TT bhunndnd, a. to fry, parch, &c. h. 

j^y^xj^ fHvPnn^ bhinn-bhdg-har, m. di- 
vision of fractions s. 

liU^fi^ f^Trff^tTRT bhinbhindnd or bham- 
bhanand, n. to buzz (as a fly), to hum (aa a bee), h. 

ciLjsli^Ai^j fW^r^HI^^ bhinbhindhat, f. buzz, 

hum (of bees), h. 

' j4. ^^ ? ^W^T bhambkuyd, an ascetic or 

^Kr who is pressed by hunger to rob. k. 

^i)3^i^ Wt^»rr bhambomt, la. to bite (and 
v3j>^^J4^. >WldHI bhambhornd,} mumble as 

a dog), to worry, h. 

(Cj^AAiAj vnnft bhambherd,^ ^ 

Tn*^v*,7 ^ - K- a butterfly. A. 
iSJ:i^ >r^ bhambert, ) ^ 

«.1^4^ ^rfrinT bhanit, sounded, uttered, s. 
Ui^ >niST bhantd, a ploughman's wages in 

kind ; the egg-plant (Solatium melongena). h. 

{^j*t\yj^ f»np^TO bhintrvds, m. a sort of 

pulse, h. 
^^j^\yl^ HT^l^ bhantwds, m. the name of a 

grain, the fruit of the /ro,i, or water-lily. A. 

l^' >T»n bhunjd, m. parched grain. A. 

U\:M^ H^RI bhanjdnd, a. to change (mo- 
ney), s. [ing. «. 

CL*i^^ H^iT bhanjat, adj. breaking, destroy- 

iiisj^- ^l^cfc bhanjak, adj. who or what 

breaks, severs, s. 

(^;ij^ *^f^^ bhanjan, destroying, breaking, 
demolishing, separating, afflicting; m. breaking, &c «. 

Jjk^ Wp hhand, m. a mimic, jester, bufibon, 

actor ; confusion, spoiling, hhan^-hona, n. to be de- 
stroyed, spoiled, h. 

<jj^ r*l^4H biliand, land cut up by a torrent, k. 

1i!Ja^ *rT^ hhmrda, m. a large earthen pot. 

bhandd phutna, n. to be disclosed (a secret), s. 

.\3a^ H^^TT hhandar, m. a place where 

household goods are kept, a storehouse. *. 

Mjo^ HT^TT bhandara, m. a feast of J ogis, 

sanyasis, &c. h. 

,_^ .l3J^ >n^tt hhandart, m. a house-steward, 
one who has charge of the storehouse, a treasurer, s. 

.U*»3Jk^ ^T?!5^nT bhandsdr, "If. the provision 

JLoJJy^ »ns^^ bhand-sdl,} which is pre- 
viously reserved for years, s. 

^{jjiSS^ *TT^Wf5^ bhandsatt, m. one who 
"reserves provision for years, s. 
ul)<ii^ XIH^h' bhandak, m. a wagtail, s. 
^<!isi^ vr^l^c^l bhundU, f. a kind of worm 
* covered with hair, the palmer-worm. h. 

L Jo^ >n^^ fcAawrfawwa, m.satire,ribaldry. s. 
^i.3a^ >n!?t^ bhandoU, f. two or more jars 

"borne one over the other, d. 

j_j<!JJk^ fvT?^ bhindl, f. the name of a vege- 
table {Hibiscus esculentus). h. 

io\s>- (_j3viAJ fW?^^T^J bhinde-kMna, m. the 
room appropriated to the apparatus of the tiuJcJca. h. 

O JjJkA^ vr^sfcuT bhanderiyd,'] 

'■:. -s. Vm. an actor, s. 

^,3J^ ^T^ifoH bhandeld, J 

^,3si^ >T?^^«T bhandelan, f. an actress, s. 

.LJs^ fir^m: bkinsdr, m. dawn of day. h. 

LJ-^ >hT7:T bhansard, a subdivision of the 

aliir tribe, h. 

\ >nj/> ^> >TO«n bhansnd, n. to float. A. 
O)^^ ^^ fWg5H<*r<iirt bhinna-sanJtalit, m. 

addition of fractions. «. 

C^Ji4^>n[r«irManfl/iorf»?fr«lf bhinak, f. a low 

sound ; a rumour, report ; hum of insects. «. 

LdiJ4^ f>T^^ bhinnak, m. a heterodox sec- 
tary, a seceder, a Bauddha or Buddhist, s. 
Uil^ fWvroFrrr bhinaknd, n. to buzz as a fly ; 

to be covered with flies, to swarm, h. 

il/i^^ >T^ bhang, f. hemp (v. bhdng). s. 
^i^^ >T^ bhang, m. breaking, destruction, 

defeat, sporting; adj. broken, torn, defeated, s. 

\t'>^ VT^ hhangd, f. hem|), name of a species 

of bird ; also name of a species of insect, h. 
rJ-^J^ ^"W^ bhangdn, m. a sort of fish (Cj/- 

prinus banggana). h. [bird. t. 

—^julA^ W^i.!*! bhang-rdj, m. name of a 
Iv^A^ H^f^ bhangra, m. the name of an herb 

(BcHpta or Verbesina prostrata). t 

( 145 ) ^ 

^jX.1^ >T^p»T bhangan, f. the wife of a i|ia?aZ- 
^or, q.v. h. [bhang, «. 

^.Cl^ H^fJ bhangan, f. a female drinker of 

U^iA^ >f^HT bhangndf f. a kind of fish. A. 

^JxCx^ I^T^TTsnT bhinna-gunan, m. multipli- 
cation of fractions, 4. 

Ji^x^ fW^ift^ bhinna-gotra, m. one not be- 
longing to the same family, s. 

^,^'x^ M'^^KMl bhangoriyd, name of a tribe 
of tagas, q. v. h. [tion. s. 

j^^^xi^ fW^^fT bhinna-ghan,m. cube ofafrac- 

^jk^. >?^ bhangl, m. a caste of sweepers, or 

"IjMlal-lchprs. h. 

tS^*^ >T^ bhangi, m. a drinker of bhang ; 

"f. fraction, division ; fraud, trick. *. 

iS^. "^A^ bahangi, f. a bamboo stick with 

"ropes hanging from each end, for slinging baggage toi 
which is carried on the shoulder, hahangi-bardar or 
bahanglwala, m. the man who carries the bahangL «. 

]j<'^^ "^^^TX bhangerd, m. one who sells 
bhang, s. [sells bhang, t. 

i^j'^^^ ^^i'T bhangeran, f. a woman who 

^JJk0^ ^W^T bhangeld, m. coarse hempen 

cloth ; also a sack or pannier made from the fibres of 
the bhang-plant, s. 

C^yy^ fHi^elB fe/a*«wa-wa<,di vided,8cattered. s. 
ji^^^ f^ift^X. bhinnodar, m. a half-brother, 

a brother not by the same mother, t. 

j^y^ f^»^ bihnaur, f. a seed-plot, nurse- 
ry (for plants), A. 

•y^ >Ht bhanwar, m. a whirlpool, eddy ; 
a large black bee, a creeper. », 

Kyk^ >NtT bhanwrd, m. a large bee j a 

climbing plant, creeper, s. 

^^y^ >Tm.*cJi1 bhanwar-kali, f. a kind of 

" halter (for horses or dogs, &c.). h. " In South India this 
word denotes a swivel." (Binning.) 

lL/ J^ f>T^»! bhinna-varg, m. square of a 

fraction. «. 

lL/^I^ «RT bhanmag, a small class of ?'q;- 
jow^s. /j. [m. substraction of fractions. *. 

LlJi^j CiJ4^ f>T^'*T^«irf^W binna-vyavahalit, 
i^^y-i^ "^^*ft^ bahiiOyi, m. a brother-in-la\¥ 

a sister's husband, f. [sister's husband, t. 

^jo^ ^^^ bahnCyU (same as bahno,i), a 
(^^ ^^t buhni, f. handsel, first sale, earnest- 

" money, h. 

^Jjjj^ ^^^ baharceti, f. an adopted sister, s 



( 146 ) 


y^ W? haku, f. daugbter-in-law, son's wife ; 

a wife. «. 

y^i ^ bhau, m. fear, dread, terror, s. 

^i ^ hhu, f. the earth, the world j place, 

site, land or soil. s. 

^^J v^^ hhav, m. beinj?, existence ; the world; 

name of Mahadeva. bhava-sagar, the ocean or world 
of existence, s. [sphere, s. 

y^ vr^ hhuva, m. heaven, ether, sky, atmo- 
\y^ W^ bhu,a, f. father's sister ; a worm, 

caterpillar, h. 

.\y^ "Vf^nt bahu,ar, "j ra. name of a fruit 
j\^ "q^^^K. bahuvdrf J (Cordia myxd). s. 
^j,^^ Mm ^^ bhawani, f. Parvatt or Durga, 

" Mahadeva's wife, name of a HindQ goddess, the pa- 
troness of those miscreants called fhags. t. 

^y^^ >W^ bhubhal, m. hot ashes, h. 

t->^ >T^ bhuf, m. a king, a sovereign, s. 

b^ vftin bhopa, m. a kind of fakir, a ma- 
gician, s. [raja. «. 
Jbj^ vmn^ bhu-pdl, m. a landlord, a king, 

^b^^ Hqil^jl bhu-pali, f. name of a raginl. s. 

CL^.^ vrxrfiT bhu-pati,m. a king, sovereign, s. 

0*4^ VTtJ &/iM<, been, become ; existing; past ; 
m. a demon, a goblin ; a malignant spirit haunting 
cemeteries, lurking in trees, animating carcases, and 
deluding or devouring human beings ; the preterite 
tense in grammar; one of the elements, which among 
the Hindus are five in number: viz. Ist, the earth; 
2nd, the water ; 3rd, the fire ; 4th, the air ; 5th, space 
or ether, bhut hona, to be distracted with rage. In 
law it denotes the real fact or state of the case. s. 

O^ ^^TfTT bahut, much, many (same as 

bahut). d. 

b^^ iftTTT bhotd, blunt, obtuse, h. 

\^\i^ ^TSrnWT bhutdtma, m. body, vital prin- 
ciple, cause of life. s. [dance, d, 
(iXi^i bhufdd, much, many; excess, abun- 
.b»^ >?'iTlfC bhutdri, m. assafoetida. s. 

cLwS»jb^^ >ITnf^ bhutdvishta, possessed by 

a devil. *. [a devil. *. 

(jiJljb^^ 'i^p:^bhutdvesh, m. possession by 

li>-0^^* VfTiTTT bhut-jata, f. Indian spike- 
nard {Valeriana jalamatui), b. 

A^^C^^ Wi(W3TK bhut-sanchdr, m. pos- 
session by evil spirits. *. 

LJX)^^ Htfriafi i/iaM<iA,relatingtoevil spirits. s. 

-jiO^^. ^(TTW bhut-gan, m. a class of sprites 

or goblins, s. 

IfctiJoC^j^ >T1T»T»W bhut-gandhd, f. Mura, a 

sort of perfume, s. [trial globe. *. 

^_)5j^ >Tcf^ bhu-tal, m. the earth, the terres- 

f^f***\^C^^ ^flHI^H bhut-ndshariy m. mark- 
ing-nut plant {Semicarpus anacardium); the Eleocarptu 
seed. 6. [ogress. «. 

L^^^ ^,"1^ bhuint, f. a she-demon, an 
0**Ij*— -'^4^ *Tfnre bhut-vds, m. beleric my- 

robalan (Terminalia belerica). t. 

LT-jj'— -'j4^ *|H^VS( bhut-vriksha, m. a tree 

(Trophis asperd) ; Bignonia Indica. ». 

V^*"^.?^ ^[iTf^f^iTr bhut-vikriyd, f. epi- 
lepsy, possession by evil spirits. *. 

^.yj>4-*. *Tf%?r^nn bhavUavyata, f. futurity, 

destiny, s. 

L^-J^--^^^ »JH^ but-vesht, f. a species of 

"Nebari {Nyctatithes tristis). s. [become. /. 

Hy.^ >lf^?RT bhavitavya, what is to be, or 
(3^ vftirt bhofi, f. labour, work. h. 
j^3^ >Ttrft?TT bhotthdr, a labourer, h. 
C->^^ *i? ft/iM^, land irretentive of water. K 
^3^ *T^ bhot, 1m. a country, pro- 

lL^13^ >ftTr^ bhotdngj bably Bootan. «. 
Wj4^ Htfrm bhotiya, m. an inhabitant of 

Bootan. .?. 

^.^ ^ftrT bhoj, m. eating/ feast ; name of a 

raja celebrated in the Singhdsan baltsi, a sovereign of 
Ujjaiii, who is supposed to have flourished about the 
end of the tenth century : he was a celebrated patron 
of learned men, and the nine gems or poets are often 
ascribed to his era ; a country, Patna and Bhagalpore. s. 

l/V^? >^»nt bhau-jd,i, f. a brother's wife, x 
Ji^.-'TJ^^ *ThTiJT bhoj-pur, name of a country 

near Clihapra. s. 

Jk>—^ H^^m'^r bhoj-patra or bhojpattar, m. 

the bark of a tree, said to be a kind of birch, used 
in making long tubes or pipes for the l^ukjca. s. 

eLo_^^ tl^qfoh; bhoj-hat, m. the country of 

Bhoj, the present Bhoj pore, or the vicinity of Patna 
and Bhagalpore. s. 

fj>'y^> >fliT»T bhojan, m. eating, food, victuals. 

bhojan-k., to eat. bhojan-Jcharch, table expenses, s. 
yijc*-^ >TJr^ bitu-javibv, f. wheat; the fruit 

of the Vaikunta {Flacourtia sapida). $. 

d*i>-^^ >nrff bhu-jantu, earth-worm. s. 
auJo-^^ >fl »i «ilt( bhojanlya, "1 tobeeaten,edi- 
»JL»-^ >^t^bhojya, J ble;*. 

i^^, *n^ bhaujiy f. a brother's wife. s. 
(Jjk*-^^ *T»f^ bhujel, m. a species of bird. s. 
ciU^^ >lt^nir bhauchak (inelegant),agha8t. *. 
M^ >J^ bJiuddr, m. a hog. s. 
^jb^ *|?^ ^hu-dan, m. a grant of land or 

of the revenue thereof, bhu-dana-pnira, a de«d of 
grant of land, &c. «. 



J^^^ Wtr^ hhu-dhar, m. a mountain, s. 
y.ti^, >7^ bku-dev, m. a Brahman, s. 

jSo-j^ >T^^ bhu-chakra, m. the equinoctial 

line. «. [number (in grammar). *. 

r^f^ W?W^n^ hahu-vachan, m. the plural 

jbJ>^ M'^fifV bahu-vidh, various, multiform, 

of many kinds, t. 

»ij4^ H^ bhuda, a light or sandy soil. h. 

jy^ >ft^ &Aor, f. dawn of day. bhor-hona, n. 

to be finished, to be terminated, h. 
.^ >TT bhur, f. charity given to poor people, 

alms, bhur-banfna, a. to g^ve alms to a numerous 
assembly of the poor ; a spring, fountain, h. 

j^ vrft bhuri or bhur, much, many. s. 

\)i^ Wn bhura, fair, auburn, or brownish (as 

hair), h. [ing. h. 

\j^ "HtTJ bhora, simple, artless, undesign- 

J^ »4TT himra, land belonging to a village 
furthest from the inhabitants, h. 

\,^ "W^tm bahora, m. a shopkeeper or monied 

man in a village, who makes advances to or on account 
of the cultivators, h. 

Jii^—.m^ wi(iT^bhurj-patra,m. the Bhoj-patr, 

a tree growing in the snowy mountains, a kind of 
birch ; the bark is used for writing on, and for making 
hukka snakes, s. [illustrious. *. 

j^ljfci..A^ >ffl.MIH*{ bhuri- dhaman, splendid, 
'A^^J54^ vrf3C;55TH bhuri-labh, very profitable, 

m. great gain. s. 

tii) JLfc^j vrgs f el? hkur-lok, m. the earth, s. 

^j3o.^4^ H^Jljl bhu-rundi, f. a sort of sun- 
flower (Heliotropiunt Indicum). s. 

3j5^ ^"^ ?>fl/<o?-o, a kind of sloping path- 
way for bullocks drawing water from a well. h. 

t-^J^ ^ 1*-^ '^ bahu-rangi, many-coloured, 

"changeable (v. bahurangi). «. 
Lfj^ ^jxft bhuri, light sandy soil. h. 

eJjy^ ^^-g^ bahu-vrihi, m. name of a class 
of compound words used as attributive ; as, bahtt-^ndl, 
having many necklaces. ». 

'j^ ^ bhur, f. sandy ground, soil in which 
much sand is mixed, h. 

^tf «»A.) »T?rt bhurarl, corn still remaining in 

the ear after the procew of treading, h. 

«Jj>4^ »J^ bhunii or vft?^ bhoral, m. talc, 

mica, h. 
i^j^y^^bhus, |m. husk of corn, chaff, 

U»)j^ >nn bhusaj straw, s. 

U*,^ Ht^ bhosa, m. (also bhosn f.), Fulva 

valde magna, t. [carrying grain, h. 

^.V**»5^ *ra^»T bhusarvan, a tax on boats 

1-^7 ) ^ . 

ir***^ ^^^ bhusra, an inferior kind ttf 

wheat, h. 

(_<l>^y^^ HMIfl*^ bhu-swarni, m. a landlord, 

"a landholder, s. [^SuTneru. $. 

i^jy**^ *e^'^ bhu-iwarg, m. the mountain 

ijjyM^ bhusauri, 
&3^jM^ bhusaula, 
]n'A**'j4-^ bhusehra, 

an apartment in a house 
where straw, &c.; is 
kept, h. 

(^^ >|5Eft 6Ati«, f. chaff, bran. ». 
cl*»« > j4^ ^^ bhushit, adorned, arrayed. #. 

ij***^ ^fl^bhushaji, m. ornament, embellish- 
ment, jewel, t. 
B^iiMy^ >Tf^ bhavishyay 1 future, about 
CiAXii*^^ M^A'viitbhavishyat,) to be. 5. 

UijCl^uoijj^ >TfTBnT^TW bhavishyat-vakta,m. 
one who foretells the future, a prophet. ». 

tiJ^^ >T«ir J/mA, hunger, desire, d. 

D^ >|en bhuka, 1 hungry, destitute, de- 

j^a^ HoF? bhukar,} sirous of. d. 

t-jJiii^^J JJofci^y, bhu-kadamb, m. a plant 

(Ligusticum ajwaen). t. 

i^j^y^ Ht«*<J bhokas, ra. a wizard, a sorcerer, 

a magician A. 

Li-^t^j^.^ ^TW^ bhu-kamp, m. an earthquake. «_ 
^ij^ *|^ bhukh, f. hunger, appetite, J^w- 

A/ion marva, to starve. *. 

l^'J^^ >rOT bhukha, hungry, starving, s. 
(m4^94? H^tf bhukhan,m.. ornaments, jewels, s. 
U^»^ >ft^«n bhokhnd, a. to bark (see 

bhaunknd). s. 
(^J«AJ >T^ Mo*/, m. enjoyment; the food 

offered to an idol ; pleasure, satisfaction ; possession ; 
eating, victuals ; (in arithm.) the numerator of a frac- 
tion, bhog-bandhak , a bond granting the use of a 
pledged article, bhog-dar, one in the possession or 
enjoyment of any property, bhog-ldbit, usufruct in 
lieu of interest, bhog-k., to enjoy, to suffer. *. 

^^^A^ vf^ bhog, m. abuse, rudeness, h. 

l^fcAJ >ft^T bhoga, m. fraud, trick, deceit, il- 
lusion, deception, imposition, treachery, roguery, 
cheat, h. 

ySjti\^yA> HtTlfVoJiK bhogadhikar, m. the 

possessor of the usufruct of mortgaged or pledged 
property, s. [igage. v. hhog. h. 

Cii.JbtiJa^«,^ »Tlrn^''V«B bhog-bandhak, a mort- 

J,^5^ WT^ bhugal,m. ashes, embers of afire, h. 

U^^4^ ^ f t H tTf bhogna, n. to enjoy, to suffer, to 

live stoically, to take pain and pleasure as they come. i. 

J^^^ vnft^ bhu-gol, m. the terrestrial globe, 

the earth, s. _ o 


( 148 ) 


3^y^ ^flTT^Tf bhogotra, a grant of revenue 

for the use or enjoyment of an individual, especially 
a Brahman or religiou person, t. 

tjy^^ ^n^ft hhogi, jovial, jolly; the person 

"who enjoys or iwssesses any thing; one who pursues 
pleasure, man bhof^i karm daridri, by nature fond of 
pleasure, but condemned by fate to poverty, s. 

\x^^ vftftnn hhoyhiyuy a small basket in 
which the sower carries his seed. A. 

&jk^j^ iftni hhofiya, that which may be en- 
joyed or possessed, t 

J^ >7^ hhul, i forgetfulness, an error, 

mistake, blunder, h. 

^»A> vft^?)/'o/a,simple,artless,undpsigning. h. 

L^-j)^ ^t Pn^U bhula-bisra, \ missing 

^ihj^^ >7^>T3oI>T bhiila bhatkdj the road, 
generally a person who calls on another in consequence 
of some accident.&c., not intentionally, to pay a visit./*. 

li^.^ bhulaaa (for bhulmia), to mislead,&c. h. 
^IJ^.AJ vftoSTtTTO bhola-nath, m. a name of 

Mahddeva. h, 

U^ WqJ^ bhulna, n. to forget, to err, to 

mistake, to blunder; to miss, to omit, to stray, to be 
forgotten, h. [ofmankmd. *. 

ti) JL^ >Tq5^W bhu-lok, m. the earth, region 
JL^. ^^ bhoB, f. innocent, artless, bhol't- 
~ baten, innocent prattle, h. 

1*^^ ^rfir bhumi or bhum, f. land, soil : the 
^ earth, place, scite ; the base of any figure in geometry. «. 
M^ >^ bhaum, m. the planet Mars, bhaum- 

bdr, m. Tuesday, s. 

e.A*»^ •^^;a(bhomp, m.2^\orn,&cc. {y.bhonp).h. 
y«j^. Vfffm bhumij, (lit. earth-born) a caste 

^ of low Hindus, s. [{Premna herbacea). s. 

^_Jia»'J^^ >Tfjr3T^ bhumi-jambu, f. a tree 
Li)ux>-*»^ vrf^R^wniJ bhumi-champak, m. a 

plant {Koempferia rotunda) s. [chief, s. 

uil*^; HfiRoF bhumik, m. a landholder; a 

._/iC ,.AJ )lfYT4;»T bhumi-kamp, m. an earth- 
quake, s. 
i^^, Wt bhunii, f. the earth ; ground, land, 

"soil, bhumii-dar, a landholder, a headman or chief. 
bhumt-ddha, being burnt or reduced to earth (a 
corpse). «. [trial, s. 

^jA> >^?T^ bhaumif adj. f. earthly, terres- 
\jyo^^ >Tf*nn bhumiya, a landlord, proprietor 

of the soil h. 

JU(«»^ >rm]19 bhumyal, a resident, native 
of a place, also one's native country, d. 

J\jL*»^. vrftnTToS ftAumiya^, proficient, accom- 
plished, d. [plundering. A. 
C^m^Mt^ >TfiTirRlf bhumiyawat, f. a general 

(3j^j«^ Hftr^mft bhumiyawatt, an insur- 
gent chief. *. 

Vjvo^ >T^jfkT bhomlra, f. coral, h. 

(J^ ^ I'haun, or >Tif bJion, f. the eyebrow. 

bhaun-ferhi-karni, a. to browbeat, to look angrily, rais - 
ing the eyebrows, to frown, to scowl. bhau,eik tanni, 
to knit the eyebrows. *. 

j^^ H«R bhawan, m. a house, a habitation, 

scite, spot, a temple, s. 

(J^ H^»T hhuwan, m. a world ; water; hea- 
ven ; man, mankind, s. 
O^^ *^^ bhaiina, n. to revolve, s. 
uj^ *J^ ^li-^nna, to parch, &c., see U3<^ , 
^_^\3^ M^'iW^bhannaSfTa. a large andstrong 

post to which tiiey fasten elephants, h. 

^Ji»l3^^ >T^^Tf^ni^ bhavanashint, f. the Sarju 

" river, which flows from the Himalaya into the Gog- 
gra. s. 

ij^\j^^ iTfTTI bhu-ndg,m. an earth-worm. s. 
(_^li»^ bhaundyi, ra. brother-in-law, sister's 

husband, d. 

lS^{:33^ 4^*^ ft/«Mn-?>A5,i, a man invested 

by a proprietor with a portion of land, which he must 
not dispose of to others, h, 

c^^4^ >?T^I i/i07n^,^m.ahorn,a windinstru- 
yj^^ 'iVhtJ)hompu,j ment. h. 

;*^^'^*''""'";.|blu„,,obtu,e. A. 
\j^^ »TnjTT bhonthraj 

ti>^ H<4*tf) bhavanti, a house surrounded 
" by a dead wall, h, [an earthquake. *. 

Jl^ »^ vft"«<lciS bhaun-ckdl also bhunchdl, m. 

Li>-^^^^ >i-«luiT bhun-champd, m. the name 

of a plant {Kampferia rotunda), t. 

(CjiiJfc^ >t^lft bhvndart, land given rent-free 

to village servants. A. [pose upon. <f. 

ISiiJ.^ >Tt»^«n bhondnd, a. to deceive, to im- 

jiiJ^^i Wfnbhondu, silly, quiet, mild, artless, 
simple. A. (In Dakh.) deceitful, artfiiL [ngly. h. 

|jj»^ >fNrT bhondd, ill-shaped, useless, bad, 

l3J*o at^^j T bahondd or bahaunda, land given 
rent-free to the village chaukldar or watchman. A^ 

tji^JO^ WpiciTT bhund-paird, unlucky, ill- 
omened, h. 

(Cjjj»^> MHJlft bhundari, f. a small patch of 
cultivation alloted rent-free to village servants. A. 

b3J»4>. iTftpTT hhundiydy m. one who culti- 
vates with a borrowed plough or hand instrument A. 

J»Ai >ftn bhaunr (v. bhanwar), m. a whirl- 
pool. *. 

j4? ( 149 ) 

]j^y^ HTn hhaunra, m. a large beo, or rather 

beetle, enamoured of the lotus. In Dakh. a whirlpool, 
an abyss, s. [lar. s. 

]j>^ HTU hhaunra, m. a cavern, vault, cel- 
(^^^^ *U<««icjJ^ hhaunr-kalij f. a kind of 

"halter (for horses or dogs). In Dakh. a swivel, h. 

iffy 3^ ^f^ bhaunrl, f. feathered hair ; name 

of a defect in horses, s. [bhaunrd). s. 

Lfy^. ^^t^ hhaunrtf f. a female bee (vide 
^ V*.^ ^mt'TRT hhaunriyana, a. to whirl, 

to turn. $. 

w^ >raT bhunsd, m. chaff, bran, bhunsa- 

jim, all kinds of grain in husk. h. [n. to bark. h. 

^^*-^^4^ *lT^»tT bhaunsna, or tHnn bhumnd, 
i^g^^^ hhunsi, f. damp, mouldiness. d. 
'— ^^ *T^ bhorik, m. a stab, a thrust, h. 
c^j4^ ^3^ ^tNtPtM bhonka-bhonht, f. 

"stabbing and thrusting, h. 

l^^3^ >rNrfT bhonkrd, very fat. A. 
(j«*<*j4^ HT^f^ bhonkas, m. a wizard who 

preys upon children (or men or women), till he brings 
them to the grave, h. [to talk foolishly, h. 

\JSj^ >Tt«liHI bhaunkndf n. to bark ; (met.) 

U^^ HTtfcHI bhonkna, a. to thrust, to drive 
(aoanail). A. [pent. t. 

ilf^^ ^^ bhuwang, m. a snake, a ser- 
j^lO^^ ^'^ 6AMW<7a,?,^ f. a kind of tax on 
^e^X^^ ^p\bhungd,t,J forest produce: 

"(in Bijpur, &c.). k. [vem, a cellar, t. 

Vf^^ wlfVCI bhon-ghard, m. a vault, a ca- 

U3^ H^ hhunnd, a. to parch, to grill, to 
broil, to toast, to roast, to inflame, to fry. h. 

\_ ''■'^^^) xfriy bhu-nimb, m. a species of gen- 
tian, commonly called cheraita (Gentiana cherayta). t. 
j^y^) MtMi.<*f$\ hltaunicar-kaU, f. a kind 

of halter (for horses or dogs). A. 

,^^J >?T^ bhonh, f. the eyebrow, g. 
j^^ 4^rC bhunhar, name of a tribe of 

Hindus, h. [raneous dwelling, h. 

\j^^ JTifTTT bhunhdrd, m. a kind of subter- 
Ij6^^ >jf«rTr bhuniyd, m. the headman of a 

village, h. 

Ijljo^^ Hmkt bhunydra, m. a cellar, cavern, d, 
dji^y^ W^ bhun,in, f. the earth, a kind of 

caterpillar (see h. 
lS^ >Tt^ Wo,i or JJ^WtMji, m. a chair-porter, 
a palki bearer (generally pronounced " boy " by Euro- 
pean ladies) ; a white cat. h. [teller, s. 

b»^ *T%^ bhawaiyd, m. a dancer, a story- 

^ ^ qe^l^ hahn-vij, having many or much 

seed ; m. the custard-apple {Annona squamosa). *. 

ii^j>y^ 1^^^):^ bahu-virjyaj m. belleric 

mjTobalan {Terminalia bellerica). s. 

^^■>.^^'> *J?^ bhuyanAm. a chief, holding by 
L^-3^ >|Tqft bhuyl J military service; head- 

"man of a village, h. 

U^-3'^^ H^* bhu,tn, f. the earth, ground ; a kind 

of caterpillar covered with hair and destructive to 
plants, flowers and trees, s. 

^Is^^/j^ >T^^^wn bhuM-champd, m. a kind 

of fireworks, like a flower-pot (i%sembling that com- 
monly called anar). s. 

\i>,^<})^Jifi^^ ^'Hir bhu,in-dagdhd, gifts at 

marriages and funerals, t. [quake. «. 

Mj'^c;^.-*^^ ^^i^C? bhu,t,n-dol, m. an earth- 

<_^^.-^^4^ H^RT^ &AS,tw-mafi,aIow caste of 
"Hindus engaged in the vilest ofSces. h. 

j^^./*^. *|^^l< bhu,tn-hdr, a tribe of Hindus 
settled in Gorackpur, &c. h. 

i^j^.^*^ bhu,in-hdrl, land let at a low rent 
to military retainers. A. [again, repeatedly. <. 

H^^t^^ *|5^W|: bhuyobhuya, again and 
lO,^^ tfm bhavya, prosperous, fit, happy, 

bhuya, again, afterwards, s. \ 

. . ■i 

^j^ *<5<'»tl bhahrdnd, n. to shiver, to ' 

tremble, to totter, to stagger. A. | 

j_j^ bihl, a quince, biln-ddna, m. quince- ' 
"seed ; (from the adj. bih, good), goodness, welfare, p. 

(j-i^ *^ bhai, m. fear, terror, s. 

jj^ H^ bh'i, conj. also, too, even, and. h. 

^^^ *t|, feni. of bhayd, was, became, s. 

j_^ ^^ bahi, f. a book, not stitched at the 

"sides, but at the ends; a register, book of accounts, a 
ledger, bahl-khala or bahl-khasra, a day-book. b(M- 
patwari, the village accountant's register, bahi-maha- 
jan, a merchant's or banker's book. A. 

U^ ^TT bhaiyd, m. brother, comrade. *. 

U^ 'HVH bhnyd, was, became ; past tense of 
an obsolete verb " to be, to become." t. 

cLobUj^ ^MTTUP bhaiyd-bdnt, brotherhood, 

fraternity. A. 

U^4^ ^tmm bhaiydpd, Ym. brotherhood, 
iJL^\x^ ^ITRTT bhaiydpat,) friendship (also 

bhayapa, bhaydpat), t. 

j3U^^ ^^^3^ bhaydtur, terrified, astounded, 

distracted with fear, t, 

\j^\y^> ^in'<*RT hhaiyd-chdrd, also bkaiyd- 

charl, a community of brethren; or of people fron 
one stock. A. 


VJL^ t| UgMH hahiyar, lands at a distance 

from the village, h. 

O.U^ >nn^ bhayarta, frightened, afraid, s. 

(j«olje4^ ^^51 i/iai-a7M, division of property 

or interests among brothers, s. 
tdJbU^ H^IH^i bhaydnak,^ terrific, frigbt- 
lijL^ ^Mi«i«1i bhaydwand,) ful. a. 
jU^ bhiyd,o, m. marriage, espousals, d. 
cLaA^> ^^ bhaibat, 1 paying and receiving 

(^^^x^ Stm^ bhaiwdd,) on the footing of one 

of a fraternity, h. [rifled, t. 

0>j^^xv^j H^H^if bhay-bhita, frightened, ter- 

■ ^xJqfc^? ^^ 6Aaipan«i,1 the8ha^e8ofabro- 
/V'>a^5^ nfijwt bhaihissi,) therhood, espc- 

'cially in the lands of a village or township, h. 

C-'^K^) vftiT bhlt, f. a wall (or breadth of a 

wall), mound, embankment, the vestige of an old 
house, ochhe kl prll, jon balu hi bhlt, the friendship of 
the mean is like a wall of sand (t. e. unstable), t. 

CiA>(^) >?^ bhlt or bfata, terrified, afraid, 

alarmed, bhtti, f. fear, alarm, s. 

(JIaa^ vftfif bhiti, f. fear, apprehension, s. 
llA^ ^in bhaitd, m. a stunted crop. h. 
jju^ >ftfR bhltar, within, inside, s. 

Lfiji^i:^ *rhnrt bhltarl, inward, inside, in- 
ternal, s. 
^^x^ ^rtirfWT bhitariyd, m. an inmate, the 

people who live in a house, not strangers, domestic ; 
men who preside at a temple ; those among the guests 
at a wedding-feast who eat in company with the rela- 
tives of the bride: those who partake of the feast 
without are called bahariyd. s, 

y^ 1%W bahetu, m. a vagabond, vagrant, a 

wanderer, t. 

^j^kx^ M\^C\ bhitaurt, ground-rent paid 
for the site of a house by a stranger, s. 

f^AX^y >TT bhet, f. meeting, interview ; a pre- 
sent (to a superior), bhet-bakrd, a present made to a 
newly-appointed governor by the villagers, bhet-patra, 
a deed of gift on the above occasion, bhlt, the mound 
of a tank or artificial pond ; the vestige of an old 
house. A. 

Ua^ >f(\z\ bhttd, m. an old house, a former 
residence (provided some vestige remain), h. 

(^PU^ ^Z^ bhetan, to meet, act of meeting, k. 
VJkJU^ *T7^ bhetnd, n. to meet, to join ; to 

arrive ; to make a present (to a superior), h. 

^L^v[^bhetu, m.1 a stalk, stem. &Attt, same 
iJu^ ^tH bheti, f.J as bhit, q.v. h. 

^^> )^ bhejj rent, an instalment, bhej-ba- 

rar, name of a kind of complex tenar« (▼. Wilson's 
Gloss.), h. 

\it^ ^in hhejdf m. the brain, h. 

( 150 ) jy^ 

\^*!y • >Ttin bhijd, wet, moist. 


U^^ >fiT»n bhejiw,, a. to send, to transmit, 

to utter, ejaculate, h, 

^j^:^ HlilHI bhijnd, n. to be wet. h. 
CiiJ^^ ^^«B or >ni^cf bhaichaky alarmed« 

aghast, starting. ». 

vA^?^ ^rb^fTT bhichnd, a. to squeeze, to com- 
press, to crush, h. 

lio^ ^ bhed, m. secrecy, mystery; diffe- 
rence, kind, sort ; disimion, disagreement, bhed-lend, 
a. to spy, to pry into, to work one's self into confi- 
dence, to sound, s. [fuL ». 

^_^l^^_54^ H^li^^ff bhai-darshxy fearful* fright- 

ui}i3Ji^^ V(^ bhedak, a breaker, one who 

breaks or divides, a mischief-maker, t. 
j5 jo^j if(^4|ii bhedrkar, separating, causing 

disunion, s. 

\jiSx^ ^l^fwtlt bhedakiyd, m. ascont, a spy. s. 

jb^ji^ H^ bhedu, m. one who possesses an- 
other's secret, a confidant, s. 

(/*M4^ ^^ bhedi, "I intelligent; m. a 

biiJk^ >H«r^T bhediya, J scout, a confidant. «. 

(^Ajk^ )f^ bhedit m. the ratan. A. 

20(^0^ ^ bhedya, whatever ought to be 
kept secret, worthy of secret^, a, 

jj^, ^ bfier, f. a kind of pipe, a musical in- 
strument, a kettle-drum, s, 

j(^ H^ hhini, f. a timid woman ; a plant 

{Asparagus racemosus) ; a sort of prickly nightshade, a. 

Jl^ "^^T bahir, If. the baggage accompany- 

jX^ ^1^ bahir,} ing an army ; also the lines 

near a camp where the wives and families of the 

soldiers live. h. 

\j^ «rf^T bahei'd, the beleric myrobalan. h. 
i^j]j(^ ^ntt bhairdri, f. the name of a 

Raginl. s, 
jyj^ ^T:^ bhairav or bhairava, formidable 

horrible ; m. hatred, abhorrence, a name of Shiva, but 
more especially an inferior manifestation of the deity 
eight of which are reckoned, and severally termed 
Asitanga, Ruru, Chanda, Krodh, Unmatta, Kupati Bi- 
shan, and Sanghar, all alluding to terrific properties of 
mind or body ; the name of a river ; a kind of rag in 
music, s. 

\^jj(^ i|^1Cl^«1l bahiro-bund, the baggage 

accompanying an army, h 

i^jtf^ ^^ bhairon, m. the name of a rag, 

or musical mode, sung at dawn in autumn, represented 
by Mahddeva with the Ganges flowing from the hair of 
his bead, and this rag or musical deity issues from 
Mahddeva' s mouth (vide Gilchrist's Gram. 4to. p. 276) | 
a name of Mafiddeva, t. 

^cj^j^ ^13^ bhairavi, f. the name of a rdgint^ 

the wife of BhairoA rag. $. 

(jfA> ^^ bherif m. a piper, bhairi, a spe- 
'oM of falcon. «. 


( 151 ) 



^iH^ ^^ JaAeri/a, name of a clan of raj- 
puti in Jaunpur and Chunar. h. 

'jx^ "njf^ hliir, f, multitude, crowd, mob ; a 

press of work, trouble, difficulty, h. 

^x^ H? hher, m. a ram ; f. a sheep, ewe. s. 
jX^ W^ts bafiir, m. baggage, &c. of an array 

a camp-follower of any kind. h. 

)j^ S^3T hahera, m. the name of a fruit 

(the heleric myrobalan ; Terminalia belerica, Roxb.). s- 

(^TT ra. a ram, Dakh. a wolf, bhlra, 

crowded, throng, h. 

jjx^ bhir-banga, m. the rabble of camp 

followers, the " impedimenta" of an army on march, d- 

y\^jx^ >1^?>?T? bhir-bhar, f. a crowd, multi- 
tude, h, 

^jii^ ^T«n bherna, a. to shut, to close, h. 
t^j^ ^f^ bhefi, f. a sheep, an ewe. s. 

bjjL^ tifim bheriya, m. a wolf, bheriya. 

dhasan, m. a multitude crowded together like sheep 
in a pen, the act of following the example of another, s. 

{j>*x^ >H bhes m. (for bhesh), appearance, 

assumed likeness, counterfeit dress, semblance, bhis 
(for bhisha), the edible root of the lotus plant, s. 

j^l^jurtjc-^ mi^ltf bhaya-sthan, m. seat or 
part exposed to peril or hart. t. 

jjij^ ^ bhesh, m. (same as bhes), appear- 
ance, &c. s. [kind of fennel {Nigella Indica). s. 

JL)^ V[^^ bheshaj, m. a remedy, drug; a 

^.M.A^,) vft^T bhishma, horrible, fearful; m. 

horror, s. 

f.y^*^ Wt^W bhishan, horrible, formidable; 

in. horror; the olibanum tree {Boswellia thurifera). s. 

uii*^ ihB bhek, m. a toad, a frog. s. 
tiJu^ hhih, m. (for bhikh), begging, &c. d. 
dlJjKj^ ^qc(iK4i bhaya-harakf terrifying, 

frightening, s. 

^Sj^}^ bhthari, m. a mendicant, d. 

,^ia^ ^ hhekh, m. (for bhesh) disguise, as- 
sumed appearance, dress, &c. , semblance, bheki-dhari, 
adj. putting on a disguise, assuming an appearance, s. 

,^f^ >^ bhihh, f. begging, charity, alms. 5. 
^1^ WoR^ bhekt, f. the female of the frog, 

"or a small frog ; a kind of creeper {Hydrocotyle Asia- 

tica). s. 

llC^ >rtTT»n bhigna, or >T^»n hhingna, n. to 

be wet. rat-bhtgna, applied to the night passing in 
mirth and musical entertainment. /*. 

f\yA> ^rfoS bhil, m. the name of a wild race 
ol mountaineers dwelling especially along the course 
of the Narmada or Nerbudda, and subsisting chiefly 
by plunder. *. 

^^.A^ VToST bhela, m. a kind of nut, used for 
marking clothes (Semicarpus anacardium). s. 

(J^***l)^4^ h^H^ bhel-sel, m. alloy of metal 

(in coinage, &c.)- h. 

^^}'}^ H^ bheli, f. a lump of coarse sugar (or 

"gw)> generally consisting of five or six sirs. h. 

^J^J^ ^t^fcftql baheliyd, m. a, fowler; the name 

of a tribe of Hindus, h, [terror. ». 

^»J^ W\l^ bhim, fearful, terrible ; m. horror, 
j^y^^ >rtiT bhun, or 6/«ma,1 the name of one of 
f^xm^^i^vi\pi^bhim-sen,] the five Pandu 

princes, the second brother of Judhishfhir or Yudhish- 
thira. s. [ed. s. 

^jl»A^ >TinrR bhayamdn, frightened, alarm- 
(.^^1*^ *ftH?!'«ft bhim-senl,f. akindofcam- 

phire. h. 

jc*jk^ ^jft bhaiml, f. the eleventh day of the 
" bright half of the month of Magh. s. 
(j^ bihln, best, most excellent, s. 

(j^^">T bhen, the earth, the ground; the bleat- 
ing of sheep. bhen-bheA-k., to bleat as sheep h. 
Uo^ Wf[\ bhend, f. a sister, h. 
Uo^ >Thn bhlnd, wet ; m. sister's husband, 

brother-in law. b 

cIaJui^ >irhi bhtntf f. a wall (v. bhtt). s. 
cLokA^> ^tr bhent, f. interview ; visit ; present. 

bhenf-muldkat, f. a meeting. A. [sit, A. 

Uuu^> ^i7«n bhentnd, n. to meet with; to vi- 

<lvja^ bhend, m. a kind of reed or aquatic 
plant {JEschynomene paludosa), from the stem of which, 
resembling pith, being exceedingly light, are made a 
variety of articles. Being a non-conductor of heat, this 
substance is admirably adapted for making hats, covers 
for wine-bottles which have been cooled with ice or 
saltpetre, &c. The article commonly called "rice pa- 
per " is nothing more than this substance cut in very 
thin plates. The plant is also named shola q. v. 
(Binning), d. [in Urdu, ramtura,l, q. v.). d. 

^^jJo^ bhendiff. name of a vegetable (called 
jjmAj^ '^ bhains, f. a female buffalo, s. 
L(Ja^ *>nn bhainsd, m. a male buffalo, s. 
(i^ jL«Jjk^ *>raT^ bhainsd-ddd, 'l m. a 
iibU-Ja^ "^rftixn^ bhainsiyd-ddd,) kind 

of ringworm, s. 

\tiOj-Ja^ bhainsondd, a tax or cess for the 

privilege of grazing buffaloes, h. 

Sli^ >TTr|g^ bhayanhar, terrible, terrific, s. 
Ujo^ "iTTT bhengd, squint-eyed. h. 
UXxx^ bhingnd, n. (v. bhigna), to be wet. h. 
»A^ iH bhev, m. a state, condition; innate 

property, nature. ». [was or became, h 

yi^ *nfl bhayau or bhayo (Braj. for bhayd), 
•it^-^ bhairvdd (v. bhaibat), paying, &c. h. 


( 132 ) 


^^JL^ Wt^ bh'ihar, name of a tribe, supposed 
to be the aborigines of Rohilcund, Upper Du,&b. h. 

y^x^ H7 or mr? hhaihu, f. sister-in-law, 

younger brother's wife. «. 

j_^ >T^fe/m,t, fern, of hhaya, was, became, h. 

^3 ^ 6i, a vocative particle used in speaking 
' to women ; contraction of bl-hl, a lady, mistress ; conj. 
(for bhl) also, even. A. 

j3 ^ fte, a vocative particle, used contemptu- 
ously, as "you rascal," "you sirrah." h. 
^ be, a privative particle or preposition, de- 

" noting in the Persian Language " without," " void of." 
When prefixed to nouns, it forms compound adjec- 
tives, correspoudinf? with our words of the same kind 
beginning with i7i, im, im, ir, &c., or such as end with 
less. All these compound adjectives may again be- 
come abstract nouns by the addition of t, as be-adab, 
unmannerly, rude, be-adab-i, uamannerliness, rude- 
ness. It is impossible to give a complete list of these, 
as the employing of them has no limit but the taste 
or caprice of the writer. The following list will be 
found useful in the meantime ; — be-db, without water 
(lustre, temper, dignity, Stc). be-abru, dishonourable. 
be-ittifah, discordant, without union, be-asar, without 
effect, be-ajal, lit. without or in spite of fate, untimely 
(death), be-iliitiyat, incautious, improvident, impru- 
dent, be-ilchtiyar, without choice, in spite of one's self. 
be-aJab, rude, presumptuous, impudent, be-adahi, rude- 
ness, presumptuousness. be-drdm (vulg. blrdm). rest- 
less, siclc. be-asbdb, having no effects, bc-i'tibdr, not 
trustworthy, be-i'tiddl, uneven, be-i'tilcdd, incredulous. 
be-iltifdt, regardless, be-u/fat, unsocial, averse to at- 
tachment or friendship, he-imtiydz, undistinguishlng, 
ill-bred, rude, unmannerly, be-intihd, endless, bound- 
less, infinite, be-anddza, immoderate, be-lnadf, un- 
just, be-anldd, childless, be-imdn, without conscience, 
without religion, be-ba'is, without reason, be-bdjc, 
complete, without arrears, paid up in full. be-bah:l, 
f. completion, be-bdk, fearless, be-hdl o par, without 
power, be-had, without blemisli. be-badal, incompa- 
rable, inestimable, be-bar, fruitless, barren, be-barg o 
bar, fruitless, barren, poor, be-bas, without power, 
without authority or command ; helpless, be-basar, 
without sight (generally applied to the mind,) sense- 
less, undiscerning. be-bakd, frail, perishable, not eter- 
nal, be-bal, without power, weak ; wretched, poor. 
be-band o bast, unarranged, without order, unsettled 
(as a country), be-hunydd, groundless, unfounded, be- 
bahd, beyond price, invaluable, be-bahdr, out of seasou. 
be-bahra, portionless, unfortunate, be-paydn, bound- 
less, be-parda, unveiled, immodest, be-parwa, fearless, 
without reflection, careless. be-parwd,i, f. thought- 
lessness, carelessness, independence, tranquillity, iu- 
difference. be-par o bal, weak, utterly helpless, be- 
varhez, incontinent, be-parhezi, f. incontinence, be- 
phab, shapeless, be-pir, having no spiritual guide, vi- 
cious, be-ptr, cruel, pitiless, unfeeling, be-tab, faint, 
restless, be-idsir, of no effect. be-ta,ammul, rash, be- 
tal, out of time (in music) ; ill-timed, he-tan, out of 
tune. be-ta]f.dshd, inconsiderate, be-ta'alluk, without 
connections, independent, be-talcslr, imiocent, blame- 
less, not guilty, acquitted, be-takalluf, without cere- 
mony, bc-tamannd, content, be-tamlz, silly, indiscreet. 
he-tatvnjjuh, inattentive, unkind, be-tosha, unprovided, 
destitute (a traveller), be-tawakht', hopeless, without 
expectation, bt-tah, bottomless. be-thaur-thikdne, 
groundless, be-sabdt, unstable, be-gamar, fruitless, of 
no result, bc-tadbtr, incautious, unwitting, inconsi- 
derate. 6e-^a, ill-placed, ill-timed, inaccurate, be-jdda, 
variegated coral, be-jdn, lifeless, faint ; valiant, brave. 

ugliness. Imperfection, be-jawdb, unable to answer. 
be-charagl, f. necessity, helplessness, be-chdra. without 
choice, without remedy, helpless, poor, bechdl tmA 
be-chdli, unprincipled ; f. misdemeanour, ill-behaviour. 
be-chirdg}f. lampless, desolated, childless, be chashm, 
eyeless, be-chun, unparalleled, incomparable, be- 
chain, restless, uneasy, be-^dsil, fruitless, without re- 
sult. ie-AaZ, ill-circumstanced, be-hijdb or be-hijdhdna, 
unveiled, openly, immodest, be-lyadd, boundless, be- 
Jfurmat, disgraced. be-Tyurmati, t disgrace, be-^iss, in- 
sensible, senseless, be-^isdb, countless, immoderate, 
inconsistent. be-Jfikmat, unskilful, be-hawdss, beside 
one's self, out of one's senses, be-hayd, shameless, 
immodest, impudent, be-khdr, without thorns ; with- 
out anxiety, without fear or solicitude, be-khdn o 
man, without house or hall, destitute, he-khdya, m. 
^it. without a testicle) a eunuch. be-]chabar, incautious, 
imprudent; unwitting, unintentional. be-k]iabri, f. 
imprudence, heedlessness, be-khnrch, without (money 
for) expenditure, be-khirad, without understanding, 
stupid, be-khar o khawind, without a master, without 
an O'svner. be-khatar and be-kjuitra, free from danger, 
safe, be-khwdb, sleepless, be-khipdbi, f. sleeplessness. 
be-khpdhish, without inclination or spirit; without 
pursuit, object, or hobby-horse. he-kJmd, beside one's 
self, enraptured. be-Wiudl f. ecstasy, rapture, be- 
yhi/.r Jthwdb, without inclination to eat or sleep, rest- 
less, be-khwesh, friendless, be ddkhll, dismissed, set 
aside, not admitted (a claim), be-ddd, unjust, not 
doing justice, lawless, be-ddd-gar, m. au oppressor. 
be-dddt, f. injustice, lawlessness, be-ddslit, careless, 
inattentive, negligent, be-ddshtl, f. carelessness, in- 
attention (particularly not taking care of cattle), be- 
ddgh, spotless, be-ddna. seedless (fruit). be-dakhl, 
ejected, he-dakhl-karnd, a. to exclude, be-dard, piti- 
less, unfeeling, be-dirang, without delay, be-daregh, 
undeniable, incontestable, readily acknowledged ; un- 
sparing, ungrudging, liberal, not refusing, be-dast 
pa, (having neither hands nor feet) helpless, without 
power or authority, be-dastur, ill-bred, unusual, be- 
da'wa, free from claims; (in law) one who relinquishes 
his claim or suit, be-da'wd patra, a deed acknow- 
ledging the abandonment of a claim or suit, be-dil, 
heartless, dispirited, melancholy, dejected, sad. be- 
dili, f. dejection, heartlessness. be-dam, breathless. 
be-damdgh. ill-tempered, impatient, irritable, easily 
provoked. be-damd£kt, f. bad temper, irritability, be- 
dawd, incurable. Se-daidat, destitute, unfortunate. 
be-dharnk or be-dharkd, without fear or hesitation, be- 
dos, innocent, faultless (little used), be-dahshat, fear- 
less, be-daya, unfeeling, be-diydnat, irreligious, un- 
just, be-dln, without religion, be-daul, shapeless ; un- 
educated, ill-bred, be-dhab, ill-shaped, be-dliatig, un- 
educated, ill-mannered, ill-bred, be-xauk, having no 
relish or desire for. be-rdh, unprincipled, dissolute. 
be-rabf, contrary to rule, be-ra^m, merciless, be-razd, 
without leave, be-ru, shameless, inhuman, be-roz, 
unfortunate, be-rozi, destitute of daily bread, unfor- 
tunate, be-rok-tok, without let or hindrance, be-riyd, 
without guile, be-raib o riyd, without guile or deceit. 
be-rish, beardless (a youth), be-resha, without fibre. 
be-xaban, dumb, speechless (applied to the brute 
creation), be-zar, without money or the means of get- 
ting it, helpless, be-zar kharid, (taking or getting) 
without purchase, be-zan o farzand, without wife or 
children, be-zawdl, unchangeable, imperishable, be- 
zor, weak, impotent, he-zahra, without bile, patient, 
forbearing ; indefatigable ; shameless, be-zeb o ztnat, 
ugly and awkward, inelegant in dress and person, be- 
zln, unsaddled. be-sd]chta, plain, undisguised, artless. 
be-sd](htagi, artlessness. be-sdz, unaccoutred, without 
apparatus, tools, &c. be-sdz o sdmdit, without appa- 
ratus, be-sabab, without reason, be-satrl, impudence, 
barefacedness. be-saj, shapeless, ill-made, besukhan, 
taciturn, be-sudh, senseless, beside one's self; enrap- 
tured ; entranced ; in a faint, be-sar, unequalled, 
peerless be-surt, stupid, be-tnr o pd, without head or 
foot, utterly helpless, be-sar o so»i«h, without apparatus, 
helpless, be-sal'ika, inexpert, without method, be-sil, 
shameless, fcc-s/za^iirf, without evidence. fte-iAarq/", with- 
out honour or dignity, be-shann, shameless, impudent, 
immodest, be-shu'ur, ignorant, a blockhead, be-shqf^at, 


( 153 ) 


aarsh.uukind, unmerciful, be-shakk o shubh or be-shakk 
oralh, certain, doubtless, indubitable, he-shumar, count- 
less, numberless, much. 6e-sa6r, impatient, restless, be- 
faldfi, ill-advised,headstrong. ie-«:ai«,wanton,irregular, 
unrestrained, be-zabt-rabt, without order or connection. 
be-tuiat, beyond the power of endurance, be-takatt, 
non-endurance, weakness. be-taW, destitute of good 
fortune, unlucky, be-faraljt, ill-mannered, uncivil, be- 
ialab, uncalled for, unsought, be-tam', free from greedi- 
ness, disinterested, be-taur, ill-mannered, be-'ibrat, 
unwarned by example, unawed. be-'izzat, without ho- 
nour or dignity, disgraced, be-'akl, stupid, senseless. 
be-'adl, unjust, lawless. be-'aib, faultless, without 
blemish, fce-^aj/a^, boundless, be-ghil o ghash. without 
trouble or anxiety, be pharaz, independent, disin- 
terested, indifferent, be-^im, without anxiety, be- 
gbanr, without consideration, be-ghairat, wanton, im- 
pudent, infamous, rude, be-ghairafi, f disgrace, &c. 
be-fd,ida, profitless, useless, vain, be-fikr, contented, 
thoughtless, tranquil, be-fahmid, stupid, slow in com- 
prehending, be-faiz, unprofitable, possessing but not 
bestowing (as a learned man who does not communi- 
cate his knowledge, or a rich man from whose wealth 
no person receives advantage). be-Tcubu, without re 
straint, out of one's power, secure against surprise oi 
attack, be-ka'ida, unarranged, irregular, without orde 
or rule, be-kadr, of no importance, worthless, h 
karar, restless, unsettled, variable, inconstant. i„ 
kararl, f. restlessness, fluctuation, variableness, insta- 
bility, be-kitsur, faultless, innocent, without fail, com- 
pletely, entirely. 6e-i?irt/a't,untinned(apot,&c ). be-kmd, 
faithless, perfidious, be-kit/as, inconceivable.contrary to 
the common order of things, incomprehensible, im- 
mense, be-kaid, unrestrained ; irregular, be-kaj, or 
be-kar, useless, unemployed, be-kdm, frustrated, dis- 
appointed, be-karan, immense, infinite, boundless. 
be-kas, friendless, be-kasl, destitution, be-kafan, un- 
slirouded. be-kal, restless, out of order, be-kalt, un- 
easiness, be-kam o kdst, without decrease or diminu- 
tion, all right, accurate, be-gdh, untimely, unseason- 
able, be-gitmdn, without suspicion, doubtless, be-gundh, 
innocent, faultless. be-ghdt, inaccessible, (a river) 
without steps or a quay to it. be-ldj, impudent, shame- 
less. be-liljta)s, inattentive, undistinguishing, ill-bred, 
unmannerly, be-lutf, unkind, ungracious, be-lagdm, 
unbridled, licentious. be-lagd,o, unconnected, inac- 
cessible, candid, categorical, without reserve, be-mdn, 
disgraced, dishonourable, dishonoured, be-mdnand, 
incomparable, unparalleled, be-mdya, without means 
of subsistence, poor, indigent, be-misdl, incomparable, 
unequalled, be-muhdsaba, without calculation, at a 
venture, be-muhdbd, without respect, unceremonious. 
be-mah^all, out of place, improper, be-muruwwat, un- 
kind, cruel. be-maza, tasteless, insipid. Ite-ma'nJ, 
foolish, idle, vain, utimeaning, absurd, be-makdur, 
without authority ; without resource, miserable, poor. 
be-man, spiritless, be-mitmat, independent, unwilling 
to incur obligation, be-mujib, without cause, without 
reason, be-mauki' out of place, unapt, unseasonable, 
inopportune, inconvenient, be-mihr, unfriendly, un- 
kind, be-ndm, without character or reputation, be- 
ndm nishdn, without name or character, be-nafib, 
unfortunate, be-nazir, incomparable, be-namak, in- 
Bipid ; saltless ; ugly, ordinary, be-nang o ndmus, with- 
out name or character, be-nawd, indigent ; m. a kind 
of darwesh yvho shaves his eyebrows and beard, be- 
nawd.l begging, mendicancy. be-mhdyat, endless, 
without bound or limit, be-niydz, without want, an 
epithet of God, the Almighty. be-wdris, without 
heirs, be-waris-mal, property that escheats to the 
government in default of heirs, be-wdli, without pro- 
tector, be-wajh, without cause or reason, be-watan, 
i^without home or native country, an exile, be wafd, 
r&ithless, ungrateful. be-tvafd,i, f. infidelity, faithless- 
Iness. 6e-«;aJ!:<, out of season, untimely, ill-timed, be- 
Iwakr, or be-wakdr, without fame or character, dis- 
rhonourable. be-wukSf, ignorant, inexpert, stupid, be- 
hamdl, without compeer, unequalled, unrivalled, be 
himmat, unambitious, humble, miserly, vile, slothful, 
lazy, indolent, be-hunar, unskilled, he-hangdm, un- 
timely, be-lwsh, stupified, senseless, be-hech, without 
reaisou, purpose, or motive, p. 

Ix) "^m baya, a person appointed in bazars 

to measure gr^n. h. 
IjO ^^n haya, or %m baiya, m. the name ot 
the little bird that learns to fetch and carry, &c., and 
that the Hindus teach to snatch the ornamental patch 
or wafer from the foreheads of their mistresses {Lexta 
Indica) ; an assizer, biyd, m. seed. 

jjbU^ baydbdn, or biyctbun, m. a desert, a 

wilderness, bayabdn-gard or -naward, one who tra- 
verses the desert, a wanderer, baydbdni huts, the 
wilderness of Jerusalem, p. 

^^blo baydbdni, of or belonging to the wil- 
derness or desert, p. 
Ijt^\-J biyd biyd, come, come ; a mode of 

calling pigeons, falcons, &c. p. 
jbljo WT^^ ftyay^ar, business, affair, s. 
,_5.b\jo w(.TMtO bydpdrl, a man of business 

in general, a dealer, a trader, s. 

UoUj* ^ti»n bydpnd, n. to provide, occupy, 
to effect, to operate, to work, to act, to affect or in- 
fluence, s. 

\^U> bydthd (v. bydhd), married, d. 

_U> v^^ bydj, m. interest ; delay, bydj' 

khor, one who takes interest, a usurer, h. 
— \jL> ^»J J>y^), "!• pretence, pretext, s. 

^U) TR bydjic, m. the principal, or ca^ 

pital sum put out to interest, h. 
Ji>tiU> ^JTTM byddh, m. a hunter, fowler, s. 
>iilo ^fv byddhi, m. sickness, ailment, 

pain, anguish, disease, s. 

Utiljo ^qiVT byddhd, m. a fowler, hunter, s, 
C^i>^\x^yj;[^byddhit, sick, grie7ed,pained.«. 
^biilo. «Jn>f^ byddht, ill, sick ; m. a fowler, 

"htmter. s. 

j\jO. ^TTR baydr, f. wind, air. h. 

\x> biydr (imper, of awa/dan), bring thou. p. 
j\j, Wt^^ bt,ar, m. a hole (of a make, rat, 
&c.). s. 

^.L> 'in^ bydrth, vain, of no effect, s, 

^jXk> fqmO biydri,f^m^bi,dri, f. supper. A. 
J\^ ^t^ bl,ar, seed-bed ; evening, h. 

j\jo, bijdzm. (for bydj, q.v.) interest, &c. d. 

^j*»U.). ^Vbyd.% the name of a muni or sage, 
who is said to have compiled the Vedas, the Bhdgavat 
Purdna and the Mahdbhdrata (properly vydsa), also 
the founder of the Vedanta philosophy. *. 

{,jt»\^, fw^ biyds, land cultivated and pre- 
pared for being sown in the following year. h. 
^_^IjO '^^['^ baydst, hydiii or be,dsi, eighty- 
**two. s, 
^jjU) baydz, f. whiteness; a common-place 

book, a blank book. a. 


( 1«4 ) 

y^/uo «m<i4i<lir hyakaran, or %i<r4l.4U Jatya- 

karan, m. pammar. ». 

^^Vx> ^^gjTW baiydkaran, "] 

• j'l _a 7 -, Iro- gramma- 

l3^iU>. ^Tcd^.tnt hijakarant, or r , 

^Mi<*TI^^ baiyaharanl, J 

(J»^. ^rj*c# bydkul, restless, agitated (in 

mind), perplexed, s. 

jjU^ljo oilK^^R bydkhydn, m. explanation. «. 

^U> ^TIT^T baydld, ov %i\\^\ baiydld, flatu- 
lent; also heavy or indigestible (esculents), s. 

y^. "^^JnjdJu or fVmc5 biydlu, m. supper, h. 
(j-Ji5U) ^T^'^^ be,dlh, or '«nn^^ baydlis, 

forty-two. h. 

^Jj^ baydn, m. explanation, relation, haydn- 

k., a to explain, to unfold, to relate, bayan-war, ex- 
plicitly; adj. clear, evident, a. 

^^IjO "Sl^mbydn, or'^'*||tf, baiydn, m. birth, act 

of parturition. char-bydn-ga,e, a covr that has calved 
four times, ek-bydn jdmak, having produced two 
calves at a birth. «. 

\JU>^ ^HI bydnd, or ^^TTtTT baiydna, to be de- 
livered of young (applied •nly to brute animals). «. 
cloVx) ^n^T bydnt (see bydn), birth, &c. s. 

sbo ^n?, bydh or 'ftRT^ biydh, in. marriage. 
bydh-rachdnd, to celebrate a marriage. ftyoA A., to 
marry, bydh-ldnd, a. to take in marriage, to bring 
home a wife, to marry, s. 

Ubljo «MI?i bydhd, f«J^!^f biyaka, m.1 mar- 

iJkfcLj '*i|I^riT %aAia, fsJMI^rflJiii/aA^ajf.J ried. 

bydhd jdnd, u. to be married (a man), bydhi-jdnd, to be 
married (a woman), j, 

lL)^ jIx) ^i^tTtii bydh-jog, marriageable. «. 
Ufcljo ^^*n, bydlmd f^'TTf «n, biydhnd, n. 

to be delivered of young (animal) ; a. to marry (». e. 
to give or take in marriage), s. 

{^^. «Hi5*i bydhan, f^T^nf«T biydhan, ra. 

marrying, marriage, a. 

^^.^^^Ijo ^l^H^til bydhan-jog, fit for 

marriage, marriageable. *. [quisite. A. 

t^U.) ^T^ baiyd,i, f. a weigh man's per- 

(•^.l^. '"T^'^'TH hydydm, m. labour, exertion, ex- 
ercising, practising, s. 

<»^A) 'l^r 6e&, f. name of a grass from which 
a twine is made : it is also used in thatching, t. 

c^A>. %^ baib, afar off", at a distance, h. 
titi ^1^ ?^t6», f. a lady (vulgarly a wife), h. 
.lxjo_ w'TR baipdr, m. traffic, merchandise, s. 
t^Ujo %XJR^ baipdrl, m. a merchant, a 
trader. s. 

iJL*x> bait, f. a couplet (in poetry) ; an edifice, 

house, temple, bait-bandl, f. poetry, verse-making, a. 

cI1aa> ^ bet, f. a cane, ratan {Calamus ro- 
tangy t. 

(JIjjO wKT^ betdl or wT^ baitdl, name of 

a demon supposed to occupy dead bodies. «. 

Aj^ iJl^, bait-ul-hardm, m. (sacred house), 
the temple of Mecca, a. 

^jfc (Jl^o bait-ul-khald, m. a necessary office, 

a privy, a. 

Q...\i^-..>iL< bait-us-sakar, m. bell. a. 

(_«5^^(JI>oJ|, bait-uxh-sharqf, the mansion of 

eminence, the highest mansion of a heavenly body (in 

astrology), a. 

^i*a5^C»x> baitu-s-sanam, an idol temple, a. 
x\U^j;^t> bait-ulldh, m. (the house of God), 

the temple of Mecca, a, 
jJl»J\(JI^. bait-ul-mdl, m. lit. the treasure- 
house ; the public treasury or exchequer, into which 
payments on various accounts are made, and according 
to the sources from which they are derived, applicable 
to the support of different, classes of persons; an 
escheat, property that falls to the crown in failure of 
heirs ; met. an unfortunate fellow, (v. Wilson's Glos- 
sary.) o. [or city of Jerusalem, a. 

(_)*>iiAjlci*jt> bait-ul-mukaddas, the temple 

Jui> %iH. betra or betar, a cane or willow. 

betra-bandi, an allowance for mats or wicker worki 
for packing goods, s.p. 

]j^ ^"(^ baitard, f. dry ginger, s, 

j3j?j0. ^TTOfft baitarnt, f. a river, according 

to the Hindus, which is to be crossed by the dead on 
their way into the world of spirits, like the Styx of 
the ancients ; a river in Orissa. s. 

(Jl*>(^Vliiu. lf)rt^rf bit-khet, land cultivated 
by forced labour. /*. 

^^lx> builal, unlucky; yicious (an abbrevi- 
ation of baii-ul-md[). a. 

4J\JL> be-tan, impersonal, be-tan mdl, an 

escheat ; property devolving on the state from want of 
legal claimants, p. 

Ujuo Thnrr bitnd, n. to pass, elapse (as time); 

to occur, come to pass. t. [elapsed. <. 

C*AJk^^ v|i(lii byatlt (for vyat'it), passed 

«JL*JO_ 'sfts bit, f. dung of any animal ; a fac- 
titious salt containing sulphnr. $. 

iJl*^^ ^ftZ bit, a kind of agistment, an allow- 
ance per head of cattle, paid to the cowherd, h. 

Ujj ^TT betd, m. a son, a child, a boy. betd 

kar-lend, to adopt a son. h. 

11ax> ifliJHI b'ltnd, a. to spill, to scatter, h. 
,i^AjO %J beth, sandy unproductive soil. Inthf 

f. the dung of birds, baith, value of the government 
share of produce, the amount settled on land. h. 

V^JU^ ^rtrr bithd, m. an annular cushion put 
on the head for carrying a pot of water. A. 

-l^io %Tr baithd, m. a paddle, h. 

\31aSx) %7T5n baithdnd, 1 

, . , -.I" s^ , . , - - a- to cause to sit 

\>j\^^ ^ZTl^ banharna, ' 

U)^4^ ^4I(^«1I baithdlna,} 


( 155 ) 


.l^juo ^mbaitha,o, m. position, allocation, 

situation, h, 

jjl^ijo haithdft, f. seating, allaying, d. 
tiil^juo %73gbaithak, f. "la seat, a place where 
K^AJO, %Ton ia«?^^a, m. J people meet to sit 

and converse, a bench ; also, the act or state of sitting, 
sitting ; a kind of exercise, h. 

0^)^.^Lt^ ^T^JRT baithldnd, a. to cause to sit. h. 
j^^jUL) '^T*T hethan, m. the envelope in which 

cloth purchased is folded up, to which the purchaser 
is entitled ; pack-cloth, s. 

U^-uJ '^(JHT haithnd, to sit, to be idle; to 

ride (on a horse) ; to visit a person in grief for the 
purpose of condolence ; to sit in dharna, q. v. ; to sub- 
side or abate ; to perch (as a bird), h. 

j^^^juo %T«rT«T haithwdn, flat. h. 

^X:> ^^ beti, f. a daughter, a damsel, h. 

jsJ> ^Nf b}j, ra. seed ; Sperma genitale {yiri 

out mulieris). s. [rest. *. 

3J4^y W^ 4)«<N<'I^<!I btjdbarkhand, m. a fo- 

j^- 'fNTTT: btjdr, seedy, abounding in seed. s. 

ij\^ ^ ^\\ bija,t, f. a perquisite of a certain 

allowance of seed-grMn. h. 
j^- '^'R bljar, soil in which the cerealia are 

generally grown. 7*. 

<JX^- ^ftim hyak, m. a ticket tied to goods, 
or on bags (of grain, &c.), to mark their contents, 
price, &c. ; a list, an invoice, s. 

d\^^^- ^a|<sl l <^ bij-khdd, advance of seed and 

food to agriculturists. A. 

^.\C ^. ^ s t J T figc T btja-ganit, name of an an- 
cient Hindu work on algebra, s. 
*!^- %rif<jH baijila, a species of black pulse. A. 
Xt!^' ^hnn^%-w5r, failure of germination, h. 
Us^- ^ liH T btjnd, m. a kind of fan. byna 

(Dakh. for bhejna), to send. ». 

jid^- ^ipift baijantt, f. a flag or standard ; 

" the standard of Fisjtnu. s. 

^[a^j^- ^HHflH I cjS T baijanti-mdld, f. a neck- 
lace worn by Vishnu in his several forms. It was be- 
lieved to be composed of the following jewels pro- 
duced from the five elements: viz. the sapphire from 
earth, the pearl from water, the ruby from fire, the 
topaz from air, and the diamond from space or ether, s. 

•^- ^ beju, ni. the name of an animal that 
feeds on carcasses {Ursus Indicus, Shaw; Indian 
badger. Pennant), h. 

j^y^ ^HnH hljwdr, perquisites of the lower 

classes, consisting of a portion of seed-corn from the 

field, h. 
C^v^' be-jot, untilled (as land) a farm that 

is given up by the cultivators, p. h. 
^^• ^TfRJ bejhd, m. a butt, or mark for 

archers. *. 

]j^^- ^*K.fT bejhard, m. a mixed crop, generally 

grain and barley, h. 

\x^-^- ^*B»n bijhnd, a. to tear up the earth 
with the hoofs (a bull) ; to push, to shove, to shoulder, h. 

Ijo^^^- ^^if^f«TOT bijhoniyd, a tribe of rdj- 

puts iu Jaunpur. h, 

^.jh^^' ^^^ bijheryd, name of a clan of 

rajputs in the district of Gorackpur. it. 

ig^' ^»ft bijt, f. a weasel, a mongoose {Vi- 

" verra ichneumon), h. [UrdU, shal. q.y. d. 

y**i^' bijtsar, m. a species of tree called, in 
^ ^^ btch, in, into, among, in the midst, 

between, during; m. middle, centre; difference; 
quarrel, hostility, bich-pafna. n. to differ, to raise a 
quarrel between, blch ki ungli, f. the middle finger. 
hichoii btch, the very middle, h. [traffic, d. 

^^bl^' bechd-bdchi, f buying and selling, 
Ajl^ Tt"'TFfN bich-d-blch, the middle, in 

the middle, d. 

5.1^« be-chdra, helpless, wretched ; pi. he- 

charagan. becharagi, helplessness, s. 

jUl>jj» ^^Hftr^TT btch-bichd,o, m. mediation, 

interposition, arbitration. bich-bicha,o-k., to mediate, 
to interpose, h. 

\j^' ^tNt bichrd, m. a bed for growing 

plants to De transplanted, h. 

\j^' ^^tfT bechnd, a. to sell, to dispose of. h. 

ij}^- ^"M'^l^ bichwdntf'Ua. an umpire, an 

1^^''^tvvi(\^bichrvd,t J arbitrator, amid - 
"die-man. h. [tent pitched without a pole. p. 

lOy^- be-choba m. (lit. poleless), a kind of 

\^' ^t^ b'ichhd,\m. a scorpion ; the sign 

y^' ifrw btchhuj Scorpio, s. 

^ bekh, f root; origin, foundation, bekh- 

kan, an extirpator, a judge (as extirpating thieves) ; 
also, a thief (as destroying the subjects), p. 

liJO %^ baidy m. a physician, a man of the 

medical caste, s. 
(JjL> '^ bed (for veda), m. the name of the 

Hindu scriptures (namely, 1st, rig, 2nd, soma, 3rd, 
yajush, 4th, atharva), which are believed to have been 
revealed by Brahma, and arranged in the present order 
by a sage called Vyasa or Veda-vyasa; met. certainty, 
faith, s. 
i^jo bed, a willow ; ratan. bed-bdf, one who 
works on ratans, a basket-maker, bed-baft, weaving 
with ratans (as the bottoms of chairs and the panels of 
doors or wmdows). hed-rmiishk, musk-willow, cele- 
brated for its fragrance, p. 

Sx> bid, a street or lane. d. 

j^Sxi beddr, awake, beddr-ba'khf , fortunate. 
bedar-dil. alert, watchful, quick of apprehension, be- 
dar-dili, t. alertness, quickness of apprehension, p. 

i*^^ Jjo beddrl, f. wakefulness, state of being 

awake, p. 
C^tjjJ ^^ | *ri beddnt (for veddnta), m. the 

name of a particular Hindu philosophical system. ». 


( 156 ) 


j_^ii5ja ^R[T!ift bedanil, m. one who is con- 

" versant in the beddnt school of philosophy. «. 

ci^UjJ W^^f bedan(j, a class of studies or 
sciences, subservient to the Vedaa. s. 

L^'*^ ^^ baida,l, f. practice of physic. 5. 
jSx) ^"^ hidar, a sort of rake or harrow 

worked by oxen. h. 

J<***Sx> bedastar, the castor beaver, p. 
Jji^A^ baidah, the pawn at chess, a. 
ulJtioo %f^"?R baidik, m. a reader of the Veda, 

a Brahman well versed in the Vedas. t. 

ulJi^JO %^^ baidak, m. the practice or science 

of physic, s. 

OtiJO '^G^eiiT bedika, f. an altar, platform, s. 

CL^Sxi be-dalat (for be-daulat), unlucky, d. 

^^tijo ^^ bedan, 1 

,. * _;s ff. pain, sickness, ache. s. 

U(3jo ^^«Tr bedna,j 

\jSx>M^m bedma, m. a reader of the Vedas. s. 

Jbjjo %9 bedht m. bore, crack, hole. s. 

bfc Jsju ^^T bldha, settlement, arrangement, h. 

L^'jibsx} ^"ScF 6e-(iAa.ra A, [fearless, without 

ojtbSxi ^v^oirr be-dharka, J doubt, p. h. 

Ufctijo ^tirfT bedhna, a. to pierce, to per- 
forate, s. 

j_^tiJO ^>ft bedht, I m. a borer, one who 
Ijkfctijo ^fv^TT bedhiydfj perforates pearls 

gems, &c. s. 

ij/O'JO ^^ bedi, f. an altar, a platform. $. 
lii>j;^ ^fh»T htda, m. a mound, a cluster of 

mounds, h. 

jJO ^ft^&i?', m. a hero; a brother; adj. brave. «. 
^ ^ftr btr, f. a sister J a tusk; pasturage, 

grass laud. A. 

jX> ^t^ btr, m. a jewel worn in the ear ; in 
the Delhi and Sagar territory it denotes pasturage, h. 

jXi ^X. hair, m. enmity, revenge. bair-L, a. 
to revenge, s. 

jiJ W^ be?', m. the name of a fruit (Zizyphus 

jtijuba), also the name of the tree ; jujubes ; time, vi- 
cissitude ; delay, while ; the lotus of the ancients. *. 

\jJ ^fkT btra, m. a betel-leaf made up, &c. 
(see bird), a qtiid of tobacco, a cheroot or cigar. *. 

IjO ifkT blia, m. (same as blran) a brother, h. 
j'J^ berar, a village registrar or accountant, d, 

^j\jX> bairak (for bairak), a banner, a stan- 
dard, p. 

^J^ J^ ^*-'^*^ bairakheri,f. quarrelling./t. 

^\i^ ^TFT baircuj or hnh'agya,m. penance, 
devotion, the act of leaving the pleasures of the world.*. 

^1^ HK\^'\baii-a(ja, m. a small crooked stick, 

which a Bairagl places under his armpit to lean upon 
as he sits. s. [also the same as bairdga. i, 

tirLl^ ^TTTrf bairagan, f. a female bairagl', 
(_/|^ ^TTift hairagt, austere, recluse; m. 

"the religious ascetic who abandons terrestrial objects, 
thoughts, passions ; a kind of wandering fakir, who 
practises certain austerities. *. [X^S)- '• 

Wki^ "myrti bairagya, m. penance (v. bai- 
U|^ «i<i»li berana, m. a grove of ber trees, h. 
Ji,l^^ bir-hani, f. a man's own wife. A. 
f^^jii^ Wlm^ji bir-bahutti, I f. a small in- 
(J^y^j^ ^fh3f?3^ bir-bahuti, J sect with a back 

"of a bright red colour; the scarlet or lady-fly, com- 
monly called the " Rain insect," as it makes its ap- 
pearance when the first rains have fallen. It is covered 
with a downy exterior resembling velvet, and of a 
scarlet colour, h. [peatedly. s. 

ji^j^ MT^X. her-ber, often, frequently, re- 
^^;J^ ^^WT bhtdff. heroism, valour, prowess, s. 
_.^jo ^ft^ blrj, m. power, strength ; seed ; 

sperma genitale. t, 
yjj^. bairak, m. a banner, ensign, colours, p. 

f^ji} HtW bairakh, m. a banner, ensign, co- 
lour (corrupted from bairdfi). h. 

^j)^ ^W bairan, f. a female enemy, s. 
(orii^ ^IIkH biran, m. a brother, h. 

fjji^ '4\tM! blran (also bh'andkha?'), a kind of 
tough grass spreading over uncultivated lands. A. 

^jjjiJU berun, out, outside, berun-jat, coun- 
try, in opposition to town, berurtfjatt, rustic, coun- 
try-bred, p. 

iJji^ ^^ berl, f. the tree of Zizyphusjujuba. s. 

(jjX> %T^ berl, f. a betel leaf made up with 

spices, &c. ; the colour which adheres to the lipa from 
chewing beteL ». 

(Cjjo Tft^ biri, f. a betel-leaf made up with 

"spices, &c. ; the colour which adheres to the lips from 
chewing betel; a composition, which being rubbed on 
the teeth, stains their interstices of a reddish colour, h. 

t,Jj>^ %^bairl, m. an enemy, an adversary, s. 
iOjX> ^fh§ blrya (for virya), m. valour, &c, s. 
J^ JO ber'iz, ni. sum total, the entire revenue of 

a farm ; also a government tax. A. 

''jx^ %T ber, m. an inclosure. hfif bandl-k.f to 
inclose a Aeld. A. 

\jx> %^ berd, m. a raft, a float; the raft which 

is floated by the Muhammadans in honour of jchwajo- 
](hizr. Besides the anniversary befd oflTered to propi- 
tiate him, hundreds of smaller ones with lamps may 
be seen on Thursdays of the month Bliddon particu- 
larly, which are offered by the Muhammadans to this 
saint, berd hdndhnd, a. to collect a crowd, berd pdr-k. 
or lagdnd, to relieve from distress, to remove difficul- 
ties, to help one through a business (lit. to ferry over 
8 raft), berd khi kd par houa, to be propitious, to 
succeed : in Dakb. it denotes a feuce or inclosure. * 


( 157 ) 


\jx> ^^ blra, m. a betel-leaf made up with 

a preparation of the areca nut, spices, and chanam. 
bira uthana, a. to undertake a business, blj-d dahid, 
a. to propose a premium for the performance of a task 
(the expressions originate in a custom that prevailed 
of throwing a b'lru of betel into the midst of an assem- 
bly, in token of proposal to any person to undertake 
some difficult affair then requisite to be performed, 
and the person who took up the betel bound himself 
to perform the business in question), h, 

IvJO '^trr hira, m. a thong tied to the hilt of 

a sword by which it is retained in the scabbard, a 
sword-knot, h. 

'jfcjfjo ^^lerha, m. paling, railing, inclosure; 
adj. bent, crooked. A. 

UfcjjO ^<SHT berhna, a. to inclose with a fence, 

to pound (cattle, &c.); to drive away cattle (as in 
a foray). /(. 

ijlji^ %^ berl, f. iron fastenings to the legs 

of criminals or of quadrupeds ; the baskets used to 
irrigate fields with, btfi, a small parcel of betel nut 
(v. bira). h. [Hindus, dirain. of beta. h. 

\jjjo '^frn beriya, m. the name of a caste of 
Ijo bez, in comp. diffusing, dispersing, j). 
jUjj bezar, displeased, angry, out of humour; 
(vul.) sick. p. [pleasure, p. 

^tf^UJk^ bezar t, f. anger, bad humour, dis- 
(jmJ^ %^ buis, m. the third of the four Hindu 

castes, whose especial duties are agriculture and trade ; 
a name of a tribe of raj-piits, giving its name to the 
province of Baiswafd, in Oude : a prince of that tribe 
formerly reigned at Dundia-khera. His dominions, 
which extended over a great part of the province of 
Oude, on the north bank of the Ganges, are still 
called Baisward. t. 

(H*J^ 'ft^ bis, twenty, hais (for vayas), age. s. 

L-JO '^fNn bisa, m. a score ; a dog which has 

twenty nails. *. 

.^iL»jo %^5R baisahh, m. the first solar 

month of the Hindus, the full moon of which is near 
Vishdkha (four stars in Libra and Scorpio); April — 
May. s. 

Ia^I«-jO %OTOT baisakhd or ^^5OT baishakha, 
m. a crutch ; a club armed with iron ; a club conse- 
crated in the month of Baisdkh. s. 

.Af\j^^ %W^ baisaklii, growing in the 

"month oi Baisdkh; f. a large kind of myrobalan or ci- 
tron fruit ; the day of full moon in the month Baisdkh. s. 

.JoU«xJ ^^1413 baisdndu, sedentnry, idle. h. 

ul**<*jL> hist, twenty, a score, p. 

j^*JL*jo be-sutun, of no foundation, insigni- 
ficant, besitun or bUtun, name of a celebrated moun- 
tain in Persia, p. 

.-«*J0 '^tm. btsar, gleanings left in the field 

for the lower orders to gather, h. [nose, h, 

.fft> ^TR hesa?', f. the small ring worn in the 

\ y,r\^ ^VUJ besard, f. a kind of falcon, the 
female or hen bird of the species called dhoti, q. v. 
(Falco h. 

\jMjJJ ^vn be-surdf out of tune. h. 

c1Jl»wA> ^oU baisak, a spot in a jungle to 

which cattle are sent out to graze : the term is also 
applied to an old and worn-out animal, h. 

t;Ll*«jJ baisak (for baithak), a seat, sitting, d. 
Vi^L*ja baisldnd, a. to cause to sit, to set. d. 
f^j**^ ^"T besan, m. the flour or meal of 

pulse, particularly of chuna [Cicer arietinum): the same 
is used as a substitute /or soap, h, 

\Ju<yjo baimd,x\.{fovbaithnd)io%\i,io remain. d, 

j(3Jl*«jj %i[^baisandar, m. fire, or its deity, s. 

i^^x^yi ^^^'^Zi bemauti, f. a cake made of 

"peamcal. h. 

^xi ^^Nt baimi 


[caste, s. 
f. a female of the Bais 

j_^— JO W9^i besantf made or mixed with 

** besan. h. 

1^-*^ ^^T beswd, f. a courtesan, a prostitute, s. 
\jl^*«jo %5^nT baisward, m. the residence of 

Bais, the nativity of Bais, q. v. h. 

j<-AJ ^# bm, f twenty ; a score, a measure 

**of grain ; also a land measure equal to 20 nalis. ». 

\..M^jj ^"JEtn besydf f. a prostitute, a harlot, a 
courtesan, s. 

(j£jo &e*7i, more; good, proper, well, excel- 
lent, elegant, delightful. besh-Jcardr, trustworthy, besh- 
bahd or besh-klinat, of great value, costly, precious, p. 

Uljo beshd, m. a- forest, jungle (v. besha^. p. 

U^^j^U*^ besli-az-besh, a great deal. p. 

.X-J-jJ beshtar, bettei', more, exceeding, gene- 
rally, for the most part, s 

^jJLx> ^W^,^Wt baislmau,re\?Ltwgto\hhmu 
m. a kind of mendicant, a follower of Vishnu, s. 

^AJLki %mi'^ baishnavl or bishnavi, a fol- 
lower of Vishnu, baishnavottar, lands granted rent 
free to the worshippers of Vishnu, especially those of 
the mendicant order, s. 

(^LT^ ^^*'* ^ Aa??i, more or less; not much, 

a moderate quantity, p. 

tsJL^ besha, m. a forest, a jungle ; a desert, p. 

ij^ bcsht, f. excess, surplus, increase, in- 

" creased assessment, besht jam', increase of revenue 
on that of last year, beshi zamin, increase in the lands 
under cultivation, p. 

(^j^ baiz, in. a mark fixed to public writings 

by the magistrate or any principal officer, a. 

Lcjo baizd, m. the sun ; whiteness, yadi 

baizd dikhdnd, a. to distinguish one's self in any work 
(an allusion taken from the luminous hand of Moses), a. 

eoUox) baizdna, m. the perquisite of the ma- 
gistrate, &c. for marking public papers, a. 

^AjojJ baizdrvi, f. the author of a book, con- 
taining a commentary on the hir,dn. a. 

^eya^ baizaml, fashioned in the shape of an 

egg. KMttl-baizawi, m. a form of the Persian Nastu'lii 
character, in which the curved tails of the letters are 
segments of an oval; opposed to kjiatt i dftdbi, in 
which they are portions of a circle, a. 


( 158 ) 


2ij>AJ0 haiza, m. an egg, a testicle, a. 

jUaJO baitdr, a horse-doctor, a. 

«ja Jai' or bV, f. buying and selling ; corn. 

merce, sellinfif. bap-k., to sell, baf bi-l-wqfa, a con- 
ditional sale, depending on the final decision of the 
seller ; also a pawn or pledge, bai' bi-l wafd-ddr, a 
person having the use of an article conditionally sold 
to him in acquittance of a debt, bai^-ndma, a deed of 
sale bai' pattd, a lease or sub-lease obtained by pur- 
chase. baV sultdnl, a sale by order of government. 
baP taljlh, a temporary sale, bai'-ddr, a purchaser, 
a possessor by purchase, a. 

wl*JU hai'ana, m. earnest-money, a. 

jliili^bxjkJ haihil-wafd-dar, a person having 

the possession and usufruct of a property on its condi- 
tional sale to him. p. 

K>S l!!.'«i|> haiat-k., a. to become a disciple 

of some saint, a. h. 

j\Sttx> hai'dar, a proprietor by purchase, a.p. 
udijo '^Nr hik, m. (same as hik), a wolf. s. 

Kjo ^Icfii hika, crooked, awry ; injured, da- 
maged, (v. bdl.) h. 
J\^ %^^ baikal, m. afternoon, s. 
JSSjo bekattar, ruffianly, brutal, cruel, d. 

jMfcXjJ bekax, a kind of grass used for fodder; 
adj. helpless, destitute, h. p. 

ig*Sj^ be-kasi, f. destitution, forlornness. p. 

..^juSCj ^oFT!? baikunth, m. a name ofF'ishnu; 

the heaven or paradise of Fislfnu. This name was 
also applied in the time of Ja'fir Khan to a kind of 
pit, in which revenue defaulters were confined until 
they paid the demands against them ; in this sense it 
was evidently used ironically on the part of the Musal- 
mans in ridicule of the Hindus, s. 

,^SCo "^ bekh, m. a habit, dress, garb. s. 
cu^xjj ^l<i(J baikhat, a sale, selling, h. 
tL^ ^T beg, m. celerity, haste, rapidity ; 

adv. quickly, soon ; dung. *. 

tSXi>> beg, a M ugha l title corresponding with 
lord, master, &c. t. 

UjJ biga (v. bika), awry, crooked, d. 

jICjJ %i\\X, baigdVf a name of the Khanvar 

tribe, h. 

jlCjJ %TTH. begdr, m. a person forced to work 

with or without pay. begar pakapia, to pren one into 
service, p. 

^>J\XJJ ^»TR't begdri, f. the act of pressing 

or forcing to work, begdri lend, a. to take forcibly or 
press, with or without paying for. begdri-pakrela, m. 
a pressed man ; one compelled to work. p. 

^ClGa hegdnagi, f. strangeness, shyness, p. 
ajUoL) begnna, strange, not domestic, foreign, 

unknown ; m. a stranger, a foreigner, p. 

'•jCk> begar, m. gold-tinsel ; tinfoil ; varnish, d. 

j^xi begam, f. a lady, a queen : wome^. of 
rank are called begams (pL begamd.). t. 

WwL^ begmd, f. (dimin. of begam) a young 
lady of rank. t. 

(^/^. %T^ baigan, m. the egg-plant {Sola- 
tium tnelongena). h. 

(_^^A? ^'Iitl baiganti, f. a sort of wood. $. 

ij^ begnl, f. the wife of a beg. t. 

^tA^ Thrr bujha, m. a measure of land con- 
sisting in Bengal of 20 katVids or 120 feet square, or 
1600 square yards, which Is nearly j of an English 
acre; in the tipper Provinces it is nearly g of an acre. 
blghd dam, settlement of revenue at so much per bi- 
ghd. btghd-ddm, rate levied per bighd. blghd-daftari, 
a record of the measurement of lands in a district. «. 

^^ ^ift begi, quick, swift, speedily, s. 

Jjo %^ bail, m. a bull, an ox ; met. a block- 
head (in which last sense the Scotch say, " a stot "). *. 
J^ ^ bel, m. the name of a fruit (Cra- 

tava or ^gle marmelos). bel or belt. f. a creeper, 
climber, tendril (of a vine) ; descendants, oflfspring. s. 

JJ^ H^ bel, m. the name of a flower (Jas- 

minum zambac). bel-phalne, to attain one's precise or 
utmost wish, h 

Jjo bel, a spade, hoe, mattock ; a spot in 
which the receiving-pans are placed, where sugar is 
manufactured ; a creeper, a tendril, a pole for direct- 
ing a boat ; a well. p. 

^ %^ beld, f. a while, a time. $. 

y^ ^q5T beld, f. name of a shrub (Jasminum 

zambac) ; a cup; an instrument of music resemblioir a 
fiddle, h. ^ 

y^,> beld, ra. a bag of money carried in the 

hand of a person of rank for distribution among the 
poor, beld-barddr, one of the retinue of a great man, 
who scatters money among the populace. beld-]s^rcfi, 
expenditure in alms-giving, p. 

*y^ ^q5T baild, m. a species of bird. k. 

H^ J^ ^^y^ bel-butd, m. a shrub, bush, 
or creeper ; flowers (on cloth), h. 

V*^ belcha, ^ 

\\ W\ m. a small spade, a hoe, 

LiArS^ belchak, • „ 

■ ** a small mattock, p. 

&s^ belcha, J 

jitiAjo belddr, m. a pioneer ; a class of Hin- 

dOs employed in digging, p. 
^laba bailhdn, name of a city in Armenia 

near the Caspian, p. 
L^lLo belak, f. a small mattock ; the iron 

point of an arrow, p. [zier. h. 

jioLJO ^c^ihl belkt, m. a cattle-breeder, a gra- 

/Juo %55*T belan, m. a rolling-pin. s. 

UJjkJ ^c5»TT belnd, m. a rolling-pin ; a. to 
spread out, to laminate. $. 

Lk? ( 

^^^ %55^ helant, m. a branch ; a small 

rolling-pin. h. 

^i "k^ helu, m. act of rolling, h. 

^bJ M(^ be-lau, dispirited, heartless, p. h. 

t^ ^q5^ belt, f. a creeper, climber j tendril 

(of a vine), s. 

j^ b'lm, m. fear, terror, dread, danger, p. 

Uj^ '^IhT hima, m. insurance; also the rate 

of insurance, or the per-centage paid for that pur- 
pose, h. 

OUjO ^Hlff bemat, f. a stepmother, bemat- 

bha,i, a brother born of a different mother by the same 
father (a half-brother by the father's side). *. 

jJUaJ %H\'^ baimatra, m. a brother born of a 

different mother by the same father, t. 

X^ bimar, sick, indisposed. btmar-kMna, 

m. an hospital, p. 

j^tij^jo biniar-dar, an attenjilant on a sick 
person, a nurse, p. [sick. p. 

i^^^j^. blmar-ddrl, attendance on the 
|tf.l^ btmart, f. sickness, illness, p. 
^^\^ ^W btman (v. blmd), m. insurance, k. 

j^jJ ^^^ ^in, f. a kind of stringed musical in- 
strument, having a long narrow body, and a large dried 
calabash at either end to concentrate the sound. It is 
strung with steel wires, s. 

^^ WfS ben, %W benu, or ^H bain, f. a flute, 

pipe, fife. s. 

^JX> %fT bain, m. f. a word, speech, s. 

f^x> baiyan, m. explanation, interpretation. 
baiyin, clear, evident, manifest, a. 

^jjj bin, see thou (r. g? didan) ; in comp. see- 
ing, as 'alam-htn, world-seeing, an epithet applied to 
the sun. p. 

-^JL>, bain, among, between, interval, a. 

Uaj ^«TT baina, m. sweetmeats, cakes, &c. dis- 
tributed at marriages. «. [forehead, h. 

Iju^ %5n baind, m. an ornament worn on the 

Uua bind, clear-sighted, discerning, p. 

Uuo ^^ bend, m. a fan ; the name of a grass, 

lilSfls-M^ {Andropogon muricatum). t. 

v^lxJ be-ndp, unmeasured, unsurveyed. be- 

nap ka pattd, a lease guaranteeing that the average 
rates of land remain as before, p. h. 

i^ljjj b~ind,i, f. sight, vision, p. 

^^^J^ bain-bain, betwixt and between, so 
so, passable, tolerable, middling, a. 
Uu) btntndy a. to cut (clothes), d. 

159 ) ^ 

cLaXO '^Z bent, 1 m. a handle of an axe, hoe. 

lii-^^'^tTT baintdfj &c. h. 

J^ binj (for bij), m. seed, grain, d. 

i^J^ -^I'O hainjni, purple (the colour of 

"the Solarium melongena). h. 

^ btnch (for bich), in the midst, d. 
Vxsdx) ^^RT benchnd, a. to sell, bench-ddlnd, 

to sell off. h. 

Sx^i ^h^ bind, m. a reed, a rush. h. 

Itijjo %T^ baindd, m. a mark on the fore- 
head, as a preparative of devotion among the Hindus. 
blnda, a kind of rope made of grass or fibres of the 
arhar plant, h. 

Ufctijjo ^^h^*n bindhnd, a. to bore. s. 
Ui&i>Xj> ^^«TT bendhnd,a. to plait, to braid, h 
4^;XJa^ %T^ baindt, f. an ornamental circlet 

made with a coloured earth or unguent on the fore- 
head and between the eyebrows ; an ornament worn 
by women on the forehead, h, 

^Jki-J '^W>\ bindd, m. a roll of paper ; a kind 

of rope made of grass, or the fibres of the arhar plant, h. 

ijjjo 4t<psi bendd, crooked j met. absurd, h. 
Ufctyjjo <i(4jij«il bendhnd, a. to plait, to braid, s. 
(_f iXLj 'Ij^ baindt, act of throwing up water 

from a pond or reservoir with a basket, for the purposs 
of irrigation, h. [plaited) behind, (a tail). «. 

ijSxtJ wl'jt bindi, f. the hair twisted (or 

^<«xo '^^ bainsi, a subdivision of the Oujar 
"tribe. /». 
jjiJuJ binish, f. seeing, discernment, p. 

<^Sy-y> %^ or ^bl beng, m. (for vyanga), a 

frog, puddock, toad. *. [casm. «. 

dX.xo ^fJT byang, ra. (for vyangya), sar- 

ClAxi-o ^^'ff bengat, seed given to an indigent 

peasant at the time of sowing, to be repaid with in- 
terest in harvest, h. [lanum melongena). h. 

j^^xJlj '^JH baingan, m. the egg-plant (<So- 
iJ^-^ *^*i*(i baingani, purple (the colour of 

" the Solanum melongena), h. 

\*>jXJ %«nVT benaudhd, the country between 

Allahabad and Sarwar. A. 

jju^ ^ift bent, f. the hair twisted behind, s. 

j-juj bint, f. the nose, bini-burida, one 

"whose nose is cut off (a common mode of punishment 
in the East), p. 

\^ bewdy f. a widow, p. 
o'^ bewd-pd, 

(^^ bewd-pan, 

\^ bewdr, accoimt, explanafi 

state or situation of widow- 
hood, p. h. 



( 160 ; 


Cy^ ^'"l bewan, m. the vehicle or self- 
moving car of a Hindu deity; a (Hindu) bier. ». 
.b^ "^VT^byopai'^m. trade,traffic,businesp. s. 

i^Jo^ «14^mk1 hyopari, or ^W^Jirft be,opdrl 
(same as baipari), a merchant. ». 

O^ [/M?/tt^ (pi. of tlL*-^), houses, a. 
O^ 6iwa^, fit (of a suit of clothes, &c.). d. 

Oo^ buyutat (additional plural of buyut, 

pi. of bait, a house) : the term is used in several senses 
as outhouse, house- expense, house-tax, &c. a. 

Uy*> ^Ki byora, or %^TT beora also by, aura, 

m. difference, distinction ; account, explanation, his- 
tory, detail of circumstances, an account of particulars, 
or detailed account (in book-keeping), h. 

yyij^ ^^WTT beore-rvar, explicitly, dis- 
tinctly, h. [of lovers. *. 
tiJ^ r«j4\'i biyog, m. separation (generally 
j/^ f^'frtt biyogi, ra. a lover suffering the 
"pain of absence, s. [ting out clothes, h. 
Ca>^ ^jfiT byont, m. shape, the act of cut- 

Jjo^ ^I'T!*!! byontrid, a. to cut or shape 

clothes, h. 
\y^^i 'aifJTi byonga, m. the instrument with 

vrhich leather is scraped and cleaned, byonga phira 
nahin, his bide has not been curried yet f said of a spoilt 
cliild, &c.). n. 

^_^^jO ^prt byongt, f. (see byonga). h. 
i^ bewa, f. a widow, p. 
jljfc^O vTl^Ii byohar, or W^'^R be,ohar, m. 

profession, calling, negociation, transaction, money- 
lending, custom, s. 

j^^y^} oH\t^<.hi/ohar, or %^^&e,oAar,m. a loan. s. 
\j^yi^ ^jft^TT hyohara, or 

iN^TT be,ohara, a trader, a mo- 

b Jb^ «i(t^rwT byohariya, or ney-lender. s. 

^<4^r<l.'U1 be,ohariya, 
iS^ bewt or bervt-zan, a widow. ^. 
ri(X> ^ fceA, m. a hole, a perforation, s. 

8J^ behuda (for be-huda), foolish, stupid, 

silly, p. 
\j^ ^^TT Z»eAra,1 m. grass kept for pas- 
8,.^^1|T:: behraj turage. h, 

ijji^>. ^^ behri, f. a subscription, instal- 
ment, behri-barar, collection on shares of the revenue 
in kind, behrl-bandt, an allowance for repairing roads, 
&c. behrl-dar, tlje holder of a behrl. h. 

j^x) %fT behar or bihar, uneven, abrupt, 

rugged, waste land, land full of ravines, h. 
jji^, behuah (for be-hosh), senseless, p. 

^l^jo behla, m. a bag of money carried by 
ereat men to be distributed in charity when travelling, 
&a behld-bardar, the carrier of the behla (v. beta), h. 

i^irh^ "^^ behan, a nursery for rice plants; 

blhan seed. h. [(of cotton). *. 

U^ qO^fTi behinna, m. a comber, a carder 
• Ji*^s^ ^•uT behnaur, m. a nursery for rice 

plants. A. 
I ^ 

I {^^^^-^ be-hudagi, f. absurdity, frivolity p. 

^'^ydri be-huda, absurd, idle, vain, fruitless, 

unprofitable, be-huda-go, a babbler, p. 
0^.54i-^ be-hosh, senseless, insane, p. 
j_^_j^xj be-hoshi, f. senselessness, insanity, p. 
(jit^iri bihin, better, best, swift-paced, p. 
j_jXJ «ni byai, m. expense, expenditure, s. 

IjoJ ^pn baiya (v. \jJ baya), the name of a 

little bird. «. [diture. «. 

jl^juo 'JPI^K byayhar, m. expense, expen- 

t-i> pe, the third letter of the Persian and 

Hindustani alphabets. It does not occur in the lan- 
guage or alphabet of the Arabs, and the letter/ or b 
is substituted for it in such Persian words as are 
adopted into the Arabic language : thus, first for parst, 
and badshdh for pddshdh. In reckoning by abjad, pe la 
the same as be, viz. two. 

C— > Tfpa, m. the corresponding Sanskrit letter 

in that language denotes the wind ; .Solus, the god of 
the wind; a nourisher or protector; act of drinking: 
as a termination (in Sanskrit words) it denotes support 
ing, lerishing, holding, also drinking ; as from bhi, 
the earth, bhupa, a king ; lit. the earth-protector, s. 

b VJ pa, a masculine termination added to 

HindQstani substantives or adjectives to denote abstract 
quality ; as, bufhdpa, old age, from bufhd, old. h. 

b pa, m. the leg, the feet ; j)d ba-zanjir, 

having the foot in chains, fettered, pa dar rikdb, foot 
in stirrup, ready, alert, pd-shikasta, broken-footed, 
infirm, reduced ; in comp. (as the root of pa.tdan) it 
denotes permanency, continuation ; as, kam-pd, of 
short duration, transitory ; der-pa, permanent, p. 

j\s>\[>_ pd-anddz, m. a carpet spread at the en- 
trance of a room, on which the feet are cieansed. p. 
,^\> pd-band, m. a rope with which the fore- 
feet of a horse are tied, pd-band hond, n. met. to be 
married, p. 

L>*»y^ pd-bos, kissing the feet, i.e. adoring, 

worshipping, revering, pd-bos hond, n. to worship, to 
reverence, to adore, to pay respect, p. 

^y»yb pd-bosi, f. worship, reverence, adora- 
"tion. pd-bosi-k., a. to worship, to reverence, p. 
L-^b '^J'^ pap, m. a crime, a sin, a fault, s. 

bb m^ pdpd, m. a weevil, an insect bred in 
rice I also a father (v. babS). h. 


( 161 ) 


IJbb qiMliWI papatma, m. a sinner, a repro- 
bate, h. 

.J&JJC-jb tnTIT% pap-buddhi, evil-minded, 

wicked, s. [gallant, s, 

lL*^.<— .>b THXiTTflT pap-pati, m. a paramour, a 

ij^ji^i^h Mfqi^^^ pap-purush, m. a personi- 
fication of all Bin. s. 
^Jusj-ob m'l^^ pap-ckeli, f. a plant com- 

"monly called Aknidhi {Cissampelos hexandrd). s. 

^S>^iiob MIMt^^Or pap-darsht, malevolent, 

"looking at faults, s. 

^^y^j^ ob THTT5TB«Tpap-^.fis'iwan, conscious 
of guilt, knowing an act to be wicked, t. 

rj.^ ^m^ 2Japar, a fertile soil. h. 

i.^jij.L-.>b '^TfK^[^pap-rog^ m. a disease consi- 
dered as the punishment of sin in a former life ; small- 
pox, leprosy, s. 

'■p\>^ mq|' papar or papar, m. a thin crisp 

cake made of any grain, papaf belna, to undergo great 
labour or pain, s, [laiifolia Roxb.). s. 

)^.b. mMil pdpra,tn.Q. kind of plant (Carrfen/a 
jl^K'jib ^mdlU<li ^a^jra^Aar (in Dakh. pa- 

parkhar), m. ashes of the plantain tree (Musa paradi- 
siaca), used instead of salt for seasoning the cakes 
called popor. s. [sin. s, 

d*-»i**»u-»b mM^fMiT pap-sammit, equal in 
,^jLijb mfro papishtha, very wicked, s. 
j^u- .>b inMoh^ pap-kar, wicked, abandoned, s. 
CJ'Si^^\i,mV[^ pap-krit, "1 sinful, wicked; 
bJ^ob TfiJ^^f!^ pap-kar ta,j a sinner, s. 
8jfc-»b TjT^^ pap-grah, m. any ill-omened 

aspect *of the stars, as the conjunction of the sun or 
Budh with the moon in its last quarter. Ralm; Saturn; 
Mars. s. 

j^^L-jb "THTO pap-ghna, removing sin. s. 

C*«u->b. MmMfff pap-maii, of a corrupt mind, 
depraved, s. [sin. *. 

C1aX»ol- >b irnrmi pap-mukta, freed from 

^" ■' _ ' I a female delinquent, sin- 

, pb vm*fl papnl, > ..10 

S?' * ^ ^ .r ^ 7 jjgj,^ criminal, &c. 5. 

or TnftnTl papint,) [destroying. *. 

j^\3ob m^fTIIlf) pap-nashl, purifying, sin- 
lAhU po--posh, f. a slipper, p. 
^^b tn^ papi, m. a sinner, criminal, s. 
b^b mfMi^l papiya, the castor-oil tree. A. 
»^b)b pa-piyada, on foot, walking, p, 
C->b tmr j»a<, m. falling; sin, wickedness; 

a leaf; an ornament worn in the upper part of the 
ear ; a draft or cheque on a banker, pdton d-lagnd, 
applied to trees, indicates the fall of their leaves in 
autumn ; met. it signifies that one's power or ability 
is exhausted : it is often applied to patience exhausted 
by the scorn of a beloved person, or to a destitute cod 
dition from adverse fortune. ». 

lOV? TnfiT pati, m. a master, lord, husband, s. 

bbTTRrr ^a<a, ra. a leaf; adj. preserved, pro- 
tected. «. [dais, Stc. p. 
wbb pa-taba, m. a sock ; the straps of san- 

Jbb TTTin^ patal, m. regions (according to 

the Hindus; under the earth, or towards the south 
pole, inhabited by a serpentine race ; infernal regions, 
hell ; a sort of apparatus for calcining and subliming 
metals, formed of two earthen pots, the upper one in- 
verted over the lower, and the two joined together by 
their necks with cement, and placed in a hole contain- 
ing fire. s. [and debts of an estate, h.p. 

(j-tSJjob pat-bandi, a statement of the assets 

Oi>b tnfini patit, lowered, depressed, hum- 
bled* t. 
Jb ^^J^ patr or patra, m. a vessel in general, 

a plate, a cup, a jar. &c.; a leaf; a receptacle of any 
kind ; what holds or supports ; adj. worthy, able, 
eligible, fit, capable, t. [rishes. *. 

y b im pairi, who or what protects or nou- 

yb tjT^ pattra, m. a preservative from sin, 

a preserver, a saviour, t. 

j3b TnHT patar or IHHT. patur, f. a prostitute, 

a dancing-girl; adj. weak, lean, pdtur-bdz, a whore- 
monger, h. 

j!>b pdtaVf m. a moth, a butterfly, d. 

bp b Tirsnn pdtratd, f. capacity, fitness. V(npn 
pdtrita, m. a plant {Oeymum pilosum), », 

\5j5b tn^m pdttratd, f. the quality of a pre- 
servative from sin. «. 

j^b pdtarnt, f. (of pdtar), a butterfly, d. 

bj5b ^Trrfr^n pdturiyd, a whoremonger, h. 

(.ilob mrieir pdtak, m. sin, crime, vice. s. 

Ci)3b Tfjw^ pdtuk, m. an aquatic animal of 
a large size ; figuratively the water-elephant, h. 

dtXi\> tirfimr pdtik, m. the Gangetic porpoise, s. 
\^k3b tmr^BF^ pdtakwd, m. a messenger, s. 
^^i3byiTir^ pdtaki, criminal, wicked, s. 

^'b mPricjil pdtili, f. a small earthen pot 
"used by religious mendicants. «. 
Jsj^b "TTT!^^ pdtanjal, m. the Yog system 

of philosophy, s. [^thar). s, 

^b TTTTt, pdthar, m. a stone (same as pat- 

U^b '^W^ pdthnd, a. to make up cow-dung 
into cakes for fuel. h. 

iuu^b mvf'H pdtheya, m. provender, provi- 
sions for a journey, t. [leaf. « 

j_^b TjTift pdily f. a letter, note, epistle j a 
ftlob pdtlla (also pdtila), a kind of wide- 

mouthad saucepan use! by confectioners, p. 

( 162 ) 


tll^b xnz pat, m, breadth (of cloth or of a 

river) ; tow ; it also signifies a note or obligation to 
pay a sum of money for one's own account on an ap- 
pointed day. It is often usual to accept these pats 
irom creditable persons, in payment of the arrears of 
the zamlndars or renters, h, 

c!I.>b VTZ pat, m. silk; a millstone; a throne, 

a seat; a board, shutter, plank, flap; a plank on which 
washermen beat clothes, the leaf of a door. «. 

C.>b fat, m. a bed or plot in a garden or 

field, s. [men beat clothes, s. 

ub xnTT pata, m. a plank on which washer- 

^|iCL>b TjTTU'ft pat-rant, f. the queen, the 

principal wife of a raja. *. 

^c!->b iJTirafiR pat-hrim or pat-hiram, m. a 

silkworm, s, 
(JJV. '"Tnr^ patal, m. rose-colour or pink. s. 
^*b TTTTcST patala, f. the trumpet flower 

{Bignonia suaveolens). s. 

j|0 Jj'b xn^f^ni^ patali-putra, m. the name 

of a city, supposed to be the ancient Palibothra and 
the modern Patna. s. 

jjj ^'b tnr^t^^ patalopal, m. a ruby. s. 
J^^. MIS^l. patambar, m. silk cloth, silk 

garment, s. 

/V^. *Il^»i patan, f. a roof; ra. name of a city, 
commonly called Patna ; old inflect, plur. of paf, a mill- 
stone (ior paton). h. 

^'b Tnfjtf pdiin, ni. a sort offish described 

as having many teeth, s, 

Uib "m^fll -patna, a. to roof, to cover, to 

shut ; to fill, to irrigate, to water, to pay ; to overstock ; 
to accumulate, to pile, to fill up. //. 

y b VIJ<C pdtav, clever, sharp, dexterous j m. 

cleverness, talent, eloquence. *. 

liiJy b TPHZfcjoir pdtavik, cunning, crafty, frau- 
dulent ; clever, dexterous. *. [ferryman, h. 
,j,y b mz^ patunl or V!{it tfl pdtaum, m. a 

^'b vn path, m. a lesson, reading; studying 

the Vedas or sacred writings. *. 

V^b Xfjzipdthd, m. a young animal full grown 

(generally expressive of a goat or elephant) ; a youth 
or young wrestler, h. 

jjjV^'b M13M pdthan, m. bdellium, s. 

y^ ^'b tnw pdth-hhu, f. a place where the 
Vedas are read or studied, s. 

tll*^b "mfiriT pathit, instructed, taught, s. 

^U» ^b m^^cBT pdth-sdld or patk-shdld, f. 

a school, a college, s. 

j^Ui^Jb m35nf<?'>ft pdth-shalint, f. a email 

" bird {Gracula religiosa). s, 

Lii^'b "mzsfi pathak, m, he that gives lessons, 

a teacher, a professor; a lecturer, a public reader of 
tiio sacred virilings, or a Pandit who declares what 
ia tlie law ; a spiritual preceptor ; a title of Brahnians. i. 

^^^ Tnrf^cFT pdthika,f.a. small shrub (^Abrut 

precatorius). s. 

jU^b Ml JHI( path-mdr, a courier or mes- 
senger, sent from place to place, h. 

^£^^^'b xiUH^iO pdth-manchari, f. a small 

bird (Gracula religiosa). s. 

{j^^^ ^TTTJT pdthan, m. lecturing, teaching. «. 
(_54^^. "^n^ pdthi, TO., a teacher (the same as 

"pathak) ; a plant {Plumbago zelanica) ; f. a young goat ; 
a kind of fish. s. 

^^_^"b TTT^ pdthin, m. a sort of fish (Silu- 
rus boalisy, a public reader or lecturer on the Puranas. s, 

*A^'b X(i^ pdthi/a, adj. to be read or studied. «. 
j^b "m^ pdti, f. the side pieces of a bedstea'l ; 

"a kind of mat ; a board on which children learn to 
write ; divisions of the hair which is combed towards 
the two sides and parted by a line in the middle ; a 
kind of sweetmeat ; ra. a sort of fish, described as 
having many teeth, s. [radish ; sandal, h. 

^b TTtitl. pdtlr, m. a pungent root, a sort of 
«/cls»-b pd-jdma, ni. trousers, long drawers, p. 
j-»-b pdji, mean, base, pdji-parast, a patro- 

"niser of mean upstarts, pajt-mizaj, of a mean dis- 
position, p. [of the base. p. 

eoL&-b pdjiyand, meanly, in the manner 

li>j4>-b pdji-pdnd, m. meanness, baseness, p. 

pdji-mizdj , mean-spirited, base- 

p. a. 

_b "qr^ pdch, a sort of gem, emerald, h. 

ciis-b fJl^Bi^ pdchak, digestive, tonic; m. a 
cook; the bile which assists in digestion ; a digestive, 
a stomachic, a solvent, s. 

li*i>-b pdchak, m. cow-dung dried for fuel. p. 

J«»"b m-fit^ pdchal, whatever promotes di- 
gestion, s. 

^^b xn^«T pdchan, digestive, suppurative; 

m. a medicinal preparation an infusion of various 
drugs, chiefly carminatives or gentle stimuli, given to 
bring the vitiated humours to maturity, a diet-drink, 
a digestive (v. pdchak). s. 

LiUs»-b tn^«ToF pdchanak, m. borax, s. 
^>.b qi%(fTl pdchani, f. a sort of myrobalan 

(Terminalia chebula), s. 

«.&.b pacha, ni. (sheep's foot), foot. p. 
'^^-b ^TSJ pdchh, m. the act of inoculating, 

inoculation, h. 

U^js-b xn?RT pdchhnd, a. to inoculate, h, 
^^.^:»^b Tn% pdchhe, Rafter, afterwards, be- 
^jk^^b xn^ pdchhen,) bind, in the absence 

of (v. pichhe). s. 

i>b m^ pdd, m. the foot ; a foot, a quarter ; 

the foot or line of a stanza ; emission of wind down- 
wards, pad-viarnd, to emit wind backwards. <. 

J&tijbb tn^T^ pdddrddha, m. half a line of • 
stanza. «. 



( 163 ) 


fjjj»\S[>^ m^l^H padasan, m. a foot-stool, s. 
^^^tib padash, ~1 m. revenge, retaliation ; 
d*^\iib paddsht,) 

recompense, retribution, 

reward, p. ftoe. s, 

,^'vM.CJbb xjTf^^'ia pdddngushthy m. the great 
\^jL2XJbb m'^^r^-fVefcl pdddngushthika, f. an 

ornament or ring worn on the great toe. s. 

^^ybb m^T«ft«T pddd-non, m. black salt, pre- 
pared by melting common salt with a small proportioii 
of myrohalans : it contains sulphur, h. 

d^bb Mlc^l^ri paddhat, kicked, trodden, 
touched by the foot. s. [for the feet. *. 

u->ib. m^^ pddap, ra. a footstool, a cushion 
b;ib xn^rn pdd-pd, f. a shoe, a slipper, s. 
j^li^.^b m(^nUjl<j5>T pdd-prakskdlan, m. 

washing the feet. i. 

*b^.4ib T^T^HHim pdd-prandm, m. bowing to 

the feet, prostration. «. 

l^^.t-i^^ib VI<M^'fT pddap-7'uhd, f. a creeping 

or parasite plant, s. 
bs^iib M^U^IT pdd-prahdr, ni. a kick. s. 
J^iib m^lT^ pdd-tal, m. the sole of the foot ; 

adv. under the feet. s. [fourth caste, s. 

-.ib ^^ P^doj, m. a sudra, a man of the 

*A)W:>b mii*"<imvdi| pdd-chdpalya, m. beat- 
ing or shuffling with the feet. s. 
jWiib tn^^R pdd-chdr, on foot. s. 
(ffjWib ■qr^'Trrt pad-chdrl, m. a footman, a 

foot soldier, s. 

.yls-tib TiT^^r^/>a<i-cAa<war, m. the religious 

fig-tree (Ficus religiosa). s. [feet, a chilblain. «. 

(Cjbjb TJT^^ pdd-ddri, f. a chap in the 
jViib pd-dardz, contented, tranquil, at ease. p. 
|vA$\,ib m^lehl jT pddrd-klrd. the ant lion, 

an insect which constructs a hole in the ground as a 
trap for ants, on which it feeds, h. 

j^,J&jij5b "m^rt^ pdd-rohan, m. the Indian 
fig-tree. s. 

t_c,tib pddr'i, m. a Christian priest of any de- 
nomination (the word waa introduced into India by 
the Portuguese). 

.J^Jib pddzahr, m. the name of a medicine, 

expeller of poison {Bexoar stone), p. 

CJ^^Ju*>ib tn^**hl<J pdd-sphot, m. kibe, chil- 
blain, an ulcer in the foot. s. 
y^^J^ib V^jtmi pdd-shdhhd, f. a toe. s. 
sl^ib padshdh, a king, a sovereign (same 

as badshah). padshah-zdda, a prince, padshah-zadi, 
a princess, p. [a king ; kingly, p. 

blifcbiiib pddshdhdnd, fit for, or worthy of 
cl^fe^^^b pddshdhat, f. sovereign power, 

royalty, p. 

j_^lj2)ib pddshdhi, f. royalty ; adj. of or be- 

"longing to a king, royal, p. [feet. «. 

tXA^tib Vl<5r<< pdd-shabd, m. the sound of 
^^ib Tn^^ft^ pdd-shoth, m. swelling of 

the feet, gout. s. 

tdJt^b in^oir pdduk, who or what goes on 

foot, or with feet. «. 

o^b MKciil pddukd, f. a shoe, a slipper. ». 

<^i^ib Uldfoh'tJcli pdd-katak, m. an orna- 
ment for the feet or toes. «, 
^^jfc^ib qr(^i4^4!J pdd-grahan, m. respectful 

obeisance, touching the feet of a superior. ». 

j^ib xrt^rrfi^ pdd-^andir, m. morbid en- 
largement of the legs and feet. 3. 
\j>\^:>\^^, mt^M I «|< l 2^dd-ghdbra, frightened out 

of one's wits. h. 

J^iib m^JJ^ pdd-miil, m. the heel. s. 
biib/qr^ />ac?na, to emit wind (backwards).*. 
jib 'mz^pddu, f. a shoe. s. 
diiijib xfTift^ pddodak, m. water for the 

feet, especially that in which the feet of a Brahman 
have been washed, s. [farer. s. 

i^jib TJT^^'m pddvik, m. a traveller, a way- 

tiL^jiib tn^^^frtoF pdd-valmtk, m. morbid 

enlargement of the legs and feet. t. 
\j&ib HTVT pddhd, m. a schoolmaster. ». 
i^bftiib m^^TTC«F pdd-hdrak, m. one who 

takes or steals with his feet. t. 

(Jl*J&5b Tri<^H pad-hat, trodden on, kicked, 

struck with the feet. h. 
(^jljj&ib tfi^^ pdd-harsh, m. tingling of the 

feet, caused by pressure upon the crural nerves. «, 
j_jib m^ pddi, footed, having feet ; m. a 

footed aquatic animal, an amphibious animal. «. 
t^ib xn^ pddif rice in the husks, k. 

aJib Tirar pddya, m. water for washing the 
feet. *. [vessel for washing the feet. «. 

Jbeoib mcim^ pddya-pdtra, m. a metal 
\^'6\i,'^T^ pddhd, m. a hog-deer (v. pdrhd). s. 
^5b xrra't pddhi, f. the act of crossing 

"a river. A. 

jb xnr pdr, m. the opposite bank or shore ; 

adv. over, across, on the other side, through, par-k., 
to ferry over, to cross ; to finish ; to perforate ; to re- 
lieve; to carry off. par-ho-jana, to escape; to at- 
tain refuge, s. [man. d. 

\jb pdrd, m. a sentinel or sentry ; a watch- 
T,b TTRT pdrd, m. quicksilver, mercury j f. a 

river, said to flow from the Pariyatr mountains, a por- 
tion of the Vindhya chain. pare-Aa Aa/ur, calomel. *. 

.l)lb Tn CfmC pdrdpdr, m. the two banks of 

a river, s. 



( 164 ) 


fM*Vb WTJJpipardshar, m. a name of the poet 

Vyaea; the rules of Vyasa for the conduct of the 
mendicant orders, t. 

(j;j^\jb MKI^kI parashari, m. the religious 

mendicant, who, having passed through the three 
stages of student, householder, and ascetic, leads a 
vagrant life, and subsists upon alms. «. 

j^jljb yRNIi. parawar, on both sides (of a 
river) ; m. limit (of sea) ; sea, ocean. *. 

C^j^jb TniT^ parawat, m. a sort of ebony 

\Diospyros glutinosa), s. 

^JjLb <o ni:i<<f(') pardrvatt, f. a river in the 

** peninsula ; the fruit of the Annona reticulata ; a form 
of song peculiar to the cowherds. *. 

^Ji}J^^ ^KPJJS pdrdyan, m. totality, complete- 
ness ; the act of reading a Puran continually, without 
expressing its meaning, s. 

ijJUJ'Kb XTRnrftsroF pdrdyanik, m. a lecturer, 

a reader of the Puranas. «. 

lOjl^^b Vjf^^ill^ pdrihhdvya, m. a drug, a 

sort of costus (Costus speciosus). *. 

jiX^b ^rfwj pdri-bhadra, m. the coral tree 

(Erythrina fulgens) ; the nimb tree ; a sort of pine 
(Pinus devadaru) ; the surul ; also a sort of pine {Pinus 
longifolia). s. 

j3bjb yrfftm"^ pdripdtra, m. name of a moun- 
tain, apparently the central or western portion of the 
Vindhya chain, which skirts the province of Malwa. s. 

(^^J!i>jb TnftjqfJgTqK pdrij^onthik,m.a robber, 

a thief, a highwayman, s. 
U^JUjb mf^fiiujl pdritathydf f. a trinket worn 

on the forehead where the hair is parted. ». 

viLSiJjb tnftfftftoir pdritoshik, gratifying, 
giving satisfaction ; m. a reward, gratuity. *. 

ft^k^jb 11T'§^ pdrthakya, m. severalty, in- 
dividuality, difference, s. 
^jO. Mlf^vj pdrthiv, earthen, terrestrial ; 

ruling the earth ; m. a king ; an earthen vessel. «. 

OWjb trrft'TnT pdrijdt, m. a tree that grows 

in paradise: the coral tree (JSryZ/jrina/uZgen*). t. 

(-iljWjb VfR'^lfifilfi pdr-jdyik, m. an adul- 
terer, t. 

i>j»-jb pdrcha, m. fragment, piece, scrap ; 

cloth, web, a piece of cloth, p. 
^b MH^ parnd, m. quicksilver, s. 
&A»-jlijb MKc||x^ pdr-ddrjya, m. adultery, s. 
uiJjIi^b TUT^lfiCcif 'pdr-ddrik,m.Q.n adulterer.s. 

^^j2»^«yb MICE'S iT joar-dnsAwan,long-8ighted, 

far-seeing, wise, «. [a country, part of Orissa. s. 

ui)3J;>jb tnr^^S^ j)dr-dandak, m. name of 

iJiXJLidjO VR^f^r^i ;5ar-rfes/MA,foreign,abroad ; 

m. a traveller, a foreigner, t. 

^<£o.«3,b MK^^n pdr-deshi, f. | belonging 

*J^.^^ MK^^M pdr-dexhya, m. J to another 
country ; m. a traveller, one gone to another country ; 
a foreign or. t. 

(j*»)b tnr^T paras, m. the philosopher*!. 

stone ; a touchstone for gems ; adj. Persian, t. 
(j*».b parts or pars, m. Persia, p. 

lM*.b pdrsd, abstemious, chaste, watchful ; a 

holy man, a devotee, p. 

jJLwjb pdr-sdl, the year before; last year. p. 
(_5l(j»jb pdrsdfl, f. chastity, purity, abstinence, 

holiness, p. 

j^,L^M ^^«4r«j<. pdras-patthar, 'i w. the 

J^,U*'j^ ^\lM^Ty\^ pdras-patthal,) philo- 
sopher's stone. The paras patthar, according to HindQ 
legends, was a stone which, on touching any metal, 
immediately converted it into gold. It was found in 
ancient times by a grasscutter, who, accidentally 
touching it with his scythe, was astonished to find that 
implement turned into gold. It then found its way 
into the hands of the raja of that part of the country, 
who one day, in a fit of generosity', presented this in- 
valuable stone to a Brahman. The Brahman, not know- 
ing the virtue of the gift, and being displeased at receiv- 
ing a present apparently so worthless, threw the stone 
into the Nerbudda. When he was informed of what he 
had done, struck with shame and remorse, he plunged 
into the river in order to recover it if possible, but the 
water was so deep, that he could not reach the bottom. 
That part of the Nerbudda is said to be unfathomable, 
hence, unfortunately, no man has, ever since, found 
the stone aforesaid (Binning). *. 

J^.(_^b MKfmlMc:^ pdras-pipal, m. the 

name of a tree (Hibiscus populneoides, Roxb.) ; also the 
tulip tree. *. 

l:LLmX>^ MkOh«F pdrsik, m. Persian, s. 

jjua^b pdrst, m. a Persian, the Persian lan- 
guage ; a follower of Zoroaster ; a fire-worshipper, p. 

tibuyijb MK«1<R pdrsik, m. (same as parst), 
Persian, the kingdom of Persia ; a Persian horse, &c «. 

'i-'^b tnft^ pdriahad, m. a spectator, a per- 
son present at an assembly. *. 

y**j^, Ml^^(4 pdrshav, m. the son of a Sudra 

woman by a Brahman ; a son by another's wife, an 
adulterine ; an iron weapon, t. 

y***j^v 'IT^ pdrshwa, near, proximate, by the 

side of; m. a side, flank, t. 
li/l^j^b m^H|J| pdrshwa-bhdg, m. the 

side, flank, s. 

J^yi>jb Tn)§9^ parshwa-shul, m. spasm of 

the chest, stitch, s. 
i^yt*j\j tnfi^cF pdrshmik, lateral ; m. a par- 

tisan, a sidesman, a companion. «. [ride. A. 

C^^^jO '^T^!f^f pdrshroa-gat, close to, be- 

ciLoiijb MK^n^k pdrshtk, same as pdrsik, 

Persian, &c. ». 
«Ji^b tii^'Ki pdrushya, m. aloe wood or 

agallochum: in law, this term denotes harshness or 
violence, danda-parushya, assault and battery, vak- 
parushya, slander, calumny, libel, b. 

ciljb TJTTIS pdrah, what purifies, protects, 

cherishes ; what enables one to cross (a river) or go 
through the world, t. 


( 165 ) 


,^^^^j^, MlH^ohl^l parikanksKi, m. an 
"ascetic, one who lives in devout contemplation, t. 

j_y^b ^Rlsft pai'khi, m. an examiner, s. 
i^J^b T|KiT parag, crossing, going over or 

beyond the world, t. 

cILojb "TKIir par-gat, crossed, gone overj 

pure, holy ; a Jin, or Jain, deified teacher, s. 
(Jjb TIR^ parol, m. name of a plant (^Sig- 

nonia chelonoides or Bignonia suaveolens, Roxb.). s. 

uiJ.^j3jb T^ir<cAr<*<* parilaukik, belonging 

to the next wofld. s. 

(.di^lcjb tlKHlf^oK parmarthik, preferable, 

best, most desirable. ». 

—^^b m<M{i^ paramparj, m. traditional 

instruction, tradition, continuous order or succession. ». 

^jiJ;;i^.^>-^^b t||<.u(^ijirq^^ paramparj opa- 

desh, m. traditional instruction, s. 

{^j^, Vl<<!f paran, m. a cloud j eating or drink- 
ing after a fast. *. 

*i^^. ^iH^^trm parinayat m. property re- 
ceived at the time of marriage by a woman. ». 

^j^. "TRTT parna, a. to finish, to perform, s. 

I3jb tjn^^fT parna, m. breaking a fast. s. 

.Ijjb m<ctK parwdr, on both sides (of a 
river) ; quite through, through and through. «. 

O jjb "m^iT parvat, m. a tree called the large 

nimb (^Melia sempervirent), t. 

(_^jjb 'mha panvatt, f. daughter ofparmat, 

**a mountain, q.d. mountain-born ; the goddess Durga, 
the wife of Shiva ; the olibanum tree {Boswellia thu- 
rifera) ; another tree {Celtis orientals), s. 

«:5j jb ri[^;jfinparvattya, adj. mountainous. .«. 
j^ .b "qrllir pdrvan, m. the general funeral 

ceremony to be offered to aU the manes at the Parva. 
or junction of the sun and moon, at which double 
oblations to the ancestors are offered, s, 

».b para, m. a strap, a slip, a piece, a bit ; 

para-doz, m. a patcher ; a tent-maker, or one who ap- 
plies the leather parts in tents, screens, &c. p. 

(jjb Trnf^ pari, f. time, tour, turn. s. 

Jbjb Tjrfw^ pdriyatra, m. name of a 

mountain (same as paripatra). s. 

.tijj ,b "Tnfh? pdrlndra, m. a lion ; a large 

snake (boa), t, 

juOjb pdrina, ancient, past, elapsed, pdrma 

daftar, an ancient record, p. 

jb m^ par, f. a scaffold, s. 
Ijb TTRT pdrd, m. a quarter of a town, ward ; 

(in Dakh.) a calf. h. 

b^^b pdr-parnd, to sustain an injury, to 

receive a blow. d. 
bj'b Wp(\ parna, a. to let fall ; to collect 

lamp-black; (Dakh.) to finish, to acccomplish. h. 

ijj'b mi^\ pdrrva (same as salkh, q. v.) . d. 
^j'^. ^TTlffT pdrhd, m. a hog-deer (Ceri'us 

porcinus). h. 

f^j^^. '"fT^ pdrht, f. crossing a river (when 

"travelling on it) ; a young buffalo, a calf. h. 

J6jb pdzahr, f. bezoar stone, p, 

(_^b ^\Mpds, m. a rope, a noose (v. pash). s. 

(.^b TITO pas, near, about, at, in the posses- 
sion of. t. 
(_j*»b pas, m. watch, guard, defence; a space 

of about three hours (the same as pahr, q. v.), obser- 
vance, preservation, pas i TtJMtir, attention to (one's) 
wishes, p. 

^b Mitli pdsd, m. a die (pi. pdse, dice), the 

long dice with which chaupaf is played) ; a throw of 
dice. s. [tinel ; a shepherd, protector, p. 

^^lx»*>b pds-bdn, m. a watchman, guard, sen- 
j3bu*»b pdsbdni, f. watch, guard, protection, 

keeping, p. 

^^bu*>b pdstdn, former, of yore. p. 

(_Cj^ j>**»b jaa5-c?ari, f.watching,guardianship. /?. 

{,^Jjuj»[>^ pa-sang, m. a weight or make-weight, 

an equipoise, a balance, p. 
^^b Tirot past, f. a net ; a rope with which 
"the legs of a horse are bound, s. 
j<»»b qml past, m. a fowler; one whose 

"business is to make tadi or tSfl (so named from the 
rope round his leg when he climbs the taf tree). *. 

^i*»b past (from ;pas), a watchman ; (ours were 
"called " watchy," &om " watch," in my young days), p. 
(_jrtb pdsh,{\n comp.) scattering,sprinkling.^. 

(^b TffVf pdsh, m. a fetter, chain, tie; the 
string for fastening tame animals, the net or noose for 
catching birds, deer, &c. ; a noose, a weapon of com- 
bat, s. 

Li>b W^n pdshd, m. a die, a throw of dice. $, 
^^bj»b tlTRTO pdshdn, m. a stone, s. 
c^'H^LO^'^v MIMI^c^l pdshdn-bhedt, m. a 

plant {Plectanthus scutellaroides). s. 

^tiO(_jiib mv{4|.j pdsh-baddha,noosed, snared, 
caught, bound. ». [vered. d, 

O^^.L>^^ pdsh-pdsh, broken to pieces, shi- 

,jbi>Jo^_)ib m^nr^ pdsh-bandh, m. a noose, a 

snare, a halter, a net. *. 

«Jl*^b xnf^ pdshit, tied, fettered, bound, s. 
&^W^_)ib tn^JTW pdsh-chdtya, adj. behind, 

being behind, subsequent ; western, s. 

tdibS^b myoK pdshak, m. a die, particularly 

the oblong die used to play chaupaf. s. [feet. h. 

uiLSib ^ \ ^4 S pdshak, m. an ornament for the 
3vli»b TiTR^ jsasAancZ, l^m. a heretic, an 
,_5Joui>b T^ RJit^ pdshandi, J impoBtor, a secta- 
rian, a Juoa, a Bauddha or Buddlust. s. 


( 166 ) 


«l«»b pashna or pashina, m. the heel. p. 
w^b pa-shoya, m. feet-washing, p. 
^_^b pastil, f. diffusion, scattering, p. 
(_^b. ^n^ pashi, m. one armed with a net 

or noose, s. 
jjJ>-wS»b pashtdan, to sprinkle, to scatter. /?. 
cdJb paA, pure, clean, upright, pak-burdan, 

to carry clean off. pdk-soi^an, to bum or be burnt 
utterly, p. [confection, s. 

uiJb Tn^ pak, m. an electuary medicine, a 

jU^b pak-baz, undefiled (generally applied 

to the mind), p. [mind, h- 

(jpjlfib pak-bazi, f. purity (generally of 

j4>.CiJb qiciiifi^' pah-phal, m. the Caronda 

(Car ma carondus). s. 

^bti)b pak-daman, chaste, pure. p. 
jA/«i;y^b pak-ddmant, f. chastity, purity, p. 

jj;tf(jci)b Tn^F^^*T pdk-ranjan, m, the leaf 

of the Laurus cassia, s. 
jLJuiJb pdk-rau, upright in conduct, p. 
j^b mvf pakar, "| the citron-leaved 

b^ib TUchf^'lll pdkariya,) Indian fig-tree 

(/"»«<« venosa). A. 

8«i^ui3b pdk-zdda, a washerman, rf. 

^^l^ju*>L:l.)b m6kW\^pdh-sthdn,ni. a kitchen. 5. 

j^^*Ju#»uiJb mch<}|^ pdk-sanrsi, f. a table- 
vice, a bench-vice (this is a modem name for the in 
etrument which was introduced by Europeans), h. 

^l<i»ui)b Mlc(i^f|(^| fdk-shdld, m. a kitchen, s. 
**«*-^, '^^^ pdkshya, belonging to a side or 

party. *. [unpolluted, a. p. 

(_ibeuiJb pdk-sdf, pure, clean, undefiled, 
j_^loulJb pdk-safi, f. purity, sanctity, p. 

(J*b tjT^ir^ pdkal, producing maturity, sup- 
purative ; m. Costus speciosus. ». 
(Jab 'Mlchfc^ pdkali, m. a plant (Bauhinia 

Candida), s. [{Cucumis usitatissimus). s. 

;_^b TTToFoS^ pdkali, f. a sort of cucumber 
Uib TiTcirJTT pdknd, n. to boil in syrup, s. 

l^b TTTOT pdkhd, m. a shed, any small build- 
ing leaning against the wall of a yard or area. h. 

^l^^b Timixs pdkkdn or pdshdn, m. a stone, s. 
j4^b misfKpdkhar, t. an iron armour for the 

defence of a horse or elephant, h. 
i^i^^b xn^^ pdhhand or Tj^ariB pdshand, m. 

wickedness, deceit, hypocrisy, heresy, a heretic, a hete- 
rodox Hindu, adopting the exterior n;<irks of the 
classes, but not respecting theordinancesofth'>Vedas.i. 

j^<5j;^b VJ^n^pdkhmidi or W^J^ pdshu'^dl, 
deceitful, hypocriti:»l, heretical, wicked, s. 

j_^b pdJii, f. purity, cleansing, pdkt-lend, a. to 

■have or pluck hair from parts concealed, p. 

j_^^b pdktzagl, f. cleanliness, purity, neat- 
ness, p. [innocent, of pure conduct, f. 
»}Aib pdkiza, clean, pure, neat, pdklza-rau, 

*ijb xn^ poky a, m. Bitlaban, a medicinal 

salt, impregnated with iron ; nitre, saltpetre. «. 

vl/b UTT pdg, f. a turban ; syrup ; a poll-tax 

formerly levied on all males over twelve years of 
age. s. [^Marhattas) a stud. h. 

«b Tipn pdgd, m. a troop of horse j (among 

jsb m«i< pdgur, m. act of chewing the cud; 

rumination, h. [to mminate. h. 

^];5b WjtTHT pdgurdnd, a. to chew the cud, 

tP^ ^Wl^J pdgal, m. a fool, idiot, madman 

(a word peculiar to Bengal, and vulgarly sonnded 

pogle). h. 

J^ W^pdl, m.f. shelter ; a sail ; a small tent ; 

layers of straw, leaves, &c., between which unripe 
mangoes are ripened ; a dyke or dam ; crown landi 
kept in the hands of government, h. 

jb xn'c^l paid, m. frost, hoar frost, snow ; 

trust, charge ; cherishing, protecting, fostering ; a heap 
of earth made by children to separate the two parties 
in a game called kahaddi ; leaves of a tree named 
jhafberi (a species of Zizyphus) pald-pajma, n. to snow. 
pdle-papia, to fall within the power of another. *. 

Cjw^b m^l^r pdldskt green ; belonging to the 
palas tree, made of its wood ; m. green colour, t. 

<3a^^^b m^ST^I^^ pdldsh-hhand, m. a 

country in India, the western part of Behar. s. 

(^^b tn^jPT'f pd-ldgan, m. obeisance per- 
formed by embracing the feet ; reverence, respect, ve- 
neration, s. 

^^^b pdldn, m. pack-saddles, dorsers. p. 

«Jl.*Jb Tiif^ff pdlit, cherished, nourished, s. 

f^jL>^\i^pdldyish, f. filtration, percolation, p. 

jJb pd-laghz, a slip of the foot, a stumble ; 

met. error, ruin, p, 

LdJJb Tn^joif pdlak, one who protects, nou- 
rishes, &c. m. a kind of green (a species of spinach) ; 
a bedstead, s. 

(-ii3b qif^'dR pdlik or pdlak, m. a cherisher, 

a protector, a guardian, a watchman, a preserver. pS- 
lak-putr, adopted son. palak-beta, a boy who has been 
bought of his parents, hence a slave, s. 

J&^LdJlJb VT^'VW^ pdlak-juhi, f. name of 

a medicinal tree {Justicia nasuta, also Ixora undulata 

Roxb.) h. 

iCjiJb mfi>nC\ pd-lakrt, f. blocks of wood 

placed under the feet of a bed to raise it (it is the cus- 
tom to have two such blocks ready to raise the head 
of a bed, to give it a sloping >>osition). h, 

|j^b XTI^4i3l pdhikrd, m. a f^hild adopted 

as a son. fHilakfi, an adopted daughter. ^ 


( 167 ) 

^^b TiTci&ahl /jaZH, f. a litter, a sedan, com- 

"monly called by Europeans palankeen, pdlki-sawar, 
one who rides in a pnlkt. pdlkl-nishln, entitled to be 
carried in a pdlkt (formerly this privilege was granted 
to individuals by a king or viceroy), h. 

t^r^^ 'TTc^tT palan, m. bringing up, rearing, 

breeding, s. 
^^. ^IciSHI palnd, a. to bring up, to breed, 

to educate ; to guard, to protect ; m. a cradle. *. 

«^^ "TTPcjinl palind, m. a sort of jasmine 

{Jasminum pubescens). s. 

^tjoib mf^f^pdlindht, f. a plant commonly 

"called teori {Convolvulus turpethum) the black sort. «. 

'—^^ ^n^y^ pdlank, m. olibanum tree (^Bos- 

wellia tlmrifera) ; a sort of beet-root {Beta Bengalensis) ; 
a hawk. s. 

i^J^\ W^^ palanM, ^f. incense, the gum 
UxjJb ^Icj&^l pdlankyd,) or resin of the 

olibanum. s. 

«il-NA^b pa-lahang, m. a tether, a halter, p. 

ijx- ^TI^7^5S> who or what nourishes or pro- 
""tects ; m. a cowherd ; f. a battle between birds ; a place 
where birds fight ; a covering of a pot. h. 

iJb pdlez, f. a melon-field. ^. 

^b THTT pamd, f. cutaneous eruption, herpes, 

scab. s. 
i^b Tn?nft pdmdri, m. sulphur, s. 
JUb pd-mdl, ^trodden under foot,ruined, 
jUj^b pd,e-mdl,) devastated, p. 

^Ub jjd-mdU, 1 ^ . , 

"., ' , _ -^ r f' ri»n» devastation, p. 

^U(_^0 fate-mall,) 

j*b ■qT*R:^a»mr, adj. wicked,vile, base; stu. 

pid, idiot, fool. J. [lour. p. 

{jij'o\i. pd-mardi, f. strength ; resolution, va- 
^-cbTITTCtjya7»flrt,f. silken clothes, silk dress; 

the wife of a man of inferior caste, h. 

j^b mH'*T pdman, diseased with herpes, s. 
^b xn«T jsan, m. act of drinking ; drink in 

general ; betel leaf (leaves of Piper betel) ; (in Dakh.) 
a leaf (of any plant in general), pan ufhand or pan 
lend {to accept or take the betel leaf), to consent, to 
agree, s. 

^J^^ "Trftn pdni, m. the hand. s. 

bb TJTtn pdnd, a. to get, to acquire, to find, 

to enjoy, to suffer, to overtake, to reach, to accept, to 
obtain ; m. a plant growing in stagnant water, s. 

^^^jb mflUH^I pdni-bhuj, m. theglomerous 

fig-tree. {Ficus glomerata). s. 
{.^bv^jpdmp, sin,crime (y.pdp); also agony, 

anguish, torture, h. 

yb^b MltiMN p&n-pdtra, m. a glass, a drink- 
ing vessel, s. 
^.ob Mi If) pdmpl, wicked, criminal, sinful, h 

Ll*>b TJ\lt pdnt, f. a line (of writing); a tKnti 
of soldiers, a row. «. 

j^b MTiTT pdntar, m. a desert field. *. 
,^jbb MTWi pdnth, m. a traveller, s. 
(_^b tnirt pdnil, f. a row. s. 
j?^^. ^n^T^^a";'"^, m. the ribs, the side ; aside 

or quarter (synon. with taraf). s. 

^-b xjrqjoawcA.five ; (in Dakh.) an emerald, s. 

Jls^b tJT^n^ pdnchdl, belonging to the coun- 
try of Panchal ; m. the sovereign of Panchal ; the com- 
pany or association of five trades, viz. carpenter, weaver, 
barber, washerman, and shoemaker, s. 

uiiiU^ji-^'b M'H;i<s|o|i pdnch chhatdnk, a toll 

of five chhatdnks (q. v.) in a rufVs worth of rice or 
paddy, established in large cities to defray the expense 
of inspectors of weighmen, stationed in the bazars, 
&c. to prevent fraud in the weight and measure of 
commodities sold therein, h. 

^l^b "RT^^ pdnchrvdn, the fifth, s. 
jc^b pdnchl, f. a kind of weed growing in 

"tanks and pools, d. 

^^liiJb X(\w{^^ pdn-ddn,m, a box for holding 

betel ana its apparatus, s, p. 
JJb tn?S pdndu, pale or yellowish white ,* m 
pale or yellowish white colour ; name of an ancient 
king of India, and nominal father of the five Pandava 
princes; f. a plant commonly called Mashani {Glycine 
debilis). s. 

^y^S>\^, inTPW? pdndu-bhum, m. a country 
with a light-coloured soil. s. 

^«jjb xnj^Xf^ pdndu-putra,m. son of Pandu, 

either of the Pandava princes, s. [ing. «■ 

^^Jkib qi Pj IJ ri t pdnditi, f. scholarship, learn- 

.3>ib TTRP^ pdndar or "mi^pdiidur, pale or 
yellowish white ; m. pale or yellowish white colour. 
pdndar, the many flowered jasmine, pdndur, the white 
leprosy ; vitiligo, s. [cane. ». 

^jX>b mU<1 pdndrd, m. a species of sugar- 
K;J^.j<!Jjb ^l^^^Mft^eRT pdndar-pushpikd, f. 

a plant commonly called sitald (perhaps Phrynium 

dichotomum). s. 

^,i,3Jb MI4!J<'S'H pdndur-drum, m. a plant 

{Echites antidysenterica), s. 

Ui^lib m^l^r^TT pdndu-sharkard, f. light- 
coloured gravel {disease), s. 
Ajk^jjb m^eh^^ pdndu-kambal, m. a kind 

of stone, limestone or marble, s. 

UJjob XfJUS^tm pdnd u-lomd, f. a plant (Oli/- 

cine debilis). s. [opal, a pale soU. *. 

K)ji«3jb mqsHfti^T pdndu-mrittikd, f. the 
LL/b<iib m4!^«1IJ| pdndu-ndg, m. a plant 

{Rotleria tinctoria). s, 

«i!iJb mr^ panel. uv or pandava, a descendant 
of king Pdndu, but more especially his five sons dii- 
tinguished in the great wars detailed in the Mahd- 
bhdrata. t. 

( 168 ) 

^^jtX>b ^||i<|<u pdndu-varna, adj. white; m. 

whiteness. ». 

Ij jbb xtJ[Z^jpandurva,m. a light-coloured soil; 
a mixed soil of clay and aaud. t. 

(^3Jb «n^ pandeA m. a title of Brahmans, 
jjjpb mi^ panre, J a priest, a teacher, s. 
iCiy^panzdahfQfteen. panzdahum,Mteenth.p. 
jj«jb lira pans, m. manure, a dunghill, pans 

hojana, n. to rot. to become mellow (land). «. 
(j*«^b "qfn pantu, f. a rib, the rib bones, s. 
Lob tihiT |?a«5a, m. (lit. a throw), a die (v. 

pasa) A. 
^j^b xi\m7fl pansndf a. to manui«. h. 
^**»^b Xjf^ pa«5aM,1 five hundred, pansii, a 
(_^b iit% pansai, ) rib bone. «. 
j^y-i^ ^rift|?a««i, a net for carrying grass or 

straw, h. 

(j«^b ■qf't^ panshu, m. manure. *. 

j?^.^jl)b Trt^^rni pdnshu-putra, m. a pot-herb 
{Chenopodium album), s. 
-<Sjb x^^^ panshuj , m. salt extracted from 

^ soil, rock or fossil salt. ». 

oi-2ob P['|Vf'aR| pdnshukd, f. a fragrant plant 

{Pandanus odoratissimus). s. [phuret of iron. t. 

^jHMMiioJjb Vi*|V|'et|?:ll4J pdnshukdsts, m. sul- 

tj--*'^ ^i*M5 pdnshul, m. a kind of tree (Ci- 

salpinia bonducella). s. [quagmire, s. 

tibb ^\i^pdnk, m. a bog, mire, mud, slough, 
Cl^X^b i|*^y ia« A ia, linear, in line or row. s. 

LL^b Tril pang, mud left by inundations ; 

alluvial soil. h. 

V^b ■qfJTT pdngd, m. culinary salt, obtained 

from the sea-sand, as by the process in use on the sea- 
coast of Bengal, h. 

ij^^U^v ^ f*u v^*apdni-grahan, m. marriage, 

the junction of the hands of the bride and bridegroom. 
pani-grahanik, matrimonial. ;. 

^jfc/ ^2)b mftlP|^hTT pdni-grihlta, f. a bride, 

one wedded according to the rituaL «. 
f»f>^. ^ifVuftf pdnini, m. a muni and inspired 

grammarian, s. [the grammarian, s. 

«-J3'b M\Uilff\Hpdnintya, belonging toPanini 
y^ ^t\^ pdnrVy m. leg, foot, pdnw utarnd, to 

be dislocated (the foot). jmHw ufhana or chalana, to go 
quickly. pa>iu> ufand, to interfere unprolitably in any 
one's affairs, paiitu bafhand, to take the lead among 
one's equals; to desist from one's former courses. 
pdAw bhar-jana, numbness of the feet, sleeping of the 
feet. paAw-pdnu) or pdAon-pdnoA, on foot, pdnw par 
pdAw rakhnd, to imitate or adopt the conduct of another; 
to walk in the steps of another ; to sit at case, to sit 
cross-legged, pdfuv-pajrnd, to entreat submissively. 
piAw pakapid, to beseech submissively; to prevent 
oue from going, pdnw pujiid, to honour anotner; to 

avoid another. pdAw pkaildkar sond, (lit. to sleep with 
legs extended) is applied to signify that a person is in 
perfect content and security. pdAw phaildnd, to vasisX, 
be obstinate. pdAw phuk phuk rakhnd, to do any thing 
Carefully. pdAw pilnd, to stamp with impatience. 
pdAw tale malnd, to give one pain, to annoy. pdAw- 
tofnd, to desist from visiting any person ; also to visit 
one very often ; to be tired. pdAw idbit rakhnd, to per- 
severe firmly in a resolution, stand firm- 
ly. ponu» c/ia/-^'ona, to totter, to become unstable, pdnw 
aho dho pind (lit. to drink the water with which one's 
feet are washed) expresses perfect confidence, pdnw 
ddlnd, to prepare for and commence an undertaking. 
pdAw dignd, to slip. pdAw ragarnd, to go about foolishly 
and unprofltably ; to be in the agonies of death. pdAw 
zamin par na thaharnd is used to indicate excessive joy. 
pdnw- sond, to be numbed, to sleep (the foot). pdAwse 
pdAw bdndhnd to watch one close. pdAw se pdAw 
bhirdnd, to be near, pdnw, to occupy a fixed 
habitation ; to adopt a new resolution. pdAw ka 
anguthd, m. the great toe. pdAw kdmpnd or tharlhardnd, 
to fear to attempt any thing. pdAw kisi kd ukhdfnd, to 
move any person from his place, from his intention or 
resolution, pdnw kini kdgale meA ddlnd, to convict one 
by his own arguments. pdAw ki ungli, f or pdAw kd 
anguthd, m. a toe. pdnw gdpid, to plant one's feet, to 
stand immoveable. pdAw lagnd, to make obeisance. 
pdAw nikdlnd, to exceed one's proper limits ; to with- 
draw from an undertaking ; to be a ringleader in a 
criminal action, dabe pdAw and, to come gently and 
unperceived as a spy. ». 

jjVj^y b ^ <^ Ci zipdnw-roti, f. a kind of loaf. h. 
jjyb xix^Tl pdnrvrd, m. a cloth or carpet 

spread for great personages to walk on. h. 

^y>b '^t^ pdnon (for pdmoon, pi. of pdnw), 

the feet ; the first nun, being nasal, is generally omitted 
in writing, and a hamza substituted, as pa,oA. h. 

.^)b VT^^pdnhar, m. a kind of reed. h. 
^^b JfTTt pdm, m. water; lustre, &c. ; sperm ; 

pdnl bharnd, to confess inferiority. pdn% parnd, n. to 
rain, pdnl pi pi kosnd, to curse excessively (i.e. till the 
throat being dry must be moistened by drinking), pdnl 
jdnd, n. to be afflicted with the ^«or albus ; to be dis- 
graced ; to shed tears, pdnl chalnd, be afflicted with 
the fluor albus. pdnl d„ to offer a libation of water to 
satisfy the manes of a deceased person after the corpse 
has been burnt, pdnl se patld-k., to abash, put to 
shame pdni kd bulbuld (a bubble of water) indicates 
instability ; pdnt-k., a. to abash ; to facilitate, pdni- 
■marnd, n to dry up, to be evaporated ; to exhibit signs 
confirming a suspicion, pdtil tndrnd, or pdnl topid, to 
draw, in nautical phrase ; as, yih jahdz kitnd pdnl 
mdrtd (or toftd) hai ? " What is the draught of this ship ? 
How much does she draw i" pdnl meA dg lagdnd, to 
revive a contention which had subsided ; pdnl na- 
mdngnd, to be slain with a single stroke (of the sword 
&c.), and die instantly, s. 

ciDucLib ^mImiHc^'cIi' pdntydmalah, m. a 

fruit {Flacourtia cataphracta). s, 

j^b ^TPiiT^ pdnyaii, f. the foot of a bed. s. 
&jjb THrft'T ;?^a«iya, drinkable, to be drunk, s. 
^^Jmj>, «Job in<l1^M8«T pdntya-prishthaj, m. 

an aquatic plant {Pistia stratioites). s. 

uiJJ^ juib Tn^T^Nn^Tcir pdniya-mulak, m. a 

plant {Serratula anthelmintlca). s. [otter. •. 

Jio «u3b MhI ^ti <*cJJ' pdnlya-nakula, m. an 
jb '^[^ pd,o, m. a quarter, fourth part. S» 
C^jb T?TftTr^at''V, purified, s. 

( 169 ) 


j_^jb^ im^W^patO-taki or Tn^ojrt pa,o-ta1a, 

"f. tile present fee of a Jtanura-^o (q.v.), allowed by go- 
vernment, at the rate of four anas per hundred rupees, 
on the net revenue of each district, to defray the ex- 
penses of the establishment. A. 

^J^b m«tiA pa,otl, f. what one gets, gain, in- 
come ; pafitt, a kind of lamp. A. 
J^J3^.' P^iO-aahr, the bezoar stone, d. 
O^J^ ^^^ P^'ivas, m. the rainy season, s. 
uLljb iliqen 'pawah, purifier, purificatory; 

m. fire ; a saint, a person purified by religious abstrac- 
tion ; a tree the wood of which is used to procure fire 
by attrition (Premna sphiosa); lead wort (^Plumbago zey- 
lanica) ; marking-nut plant (Semkarpusanaeardium. s. 

^J'^'v ^^^/'"joZa, m. a quarter of any coin, 

as of a rupee, &c. s. 

^^UjV^. Tn«<*iin parvaman, purificatory, s. 
^jb "m^^ pawan, sacred, holy, purifying ; 

m. water ; penance, purification by acts of austerity : 
the eleocarpus seed ; a kind of grass {Costus). s. 

(jj-^b Tji^f 2Ja,on (pi. of^a), feet. pa,on par 

tesha mdr-lend, to hit one's own feet with the adze, i.e- 
to occasion one's own failure, pa.on dhul, calamity, 
misfortune, h. [shell. *. 

jjy>5 ^J^->, '^HAfA^A pawan-dhwani, a conch 

wj^ "Tra«TT pawna, a. to get, to obtain, &c. 
(see pdiid) ; m. a plant growing in stagnant water, g. 
t^jb 'm^ pawlf who or what purifies, s. 

Olfcb Tn^Tif pahat, m. the mulberry tree 

{Monu Indicd). h. 
^jwU 'm^TO pahan,\m. a stone j the head- 
{J^^.. Mi5<UjoaAa«, J man of a village, s. 

«J*^ ^"5<ii pahal, the ceremony of initiation 
into the Sikh religion and community, h. 

^^um^^ pahun, m. a guest, s. 

^^. ■^TT^tTT /?a/m/ia, m. a guest; son-in-law. s. 

(^b XTi^rft pdhunt, f. a female guest. ». 

y&b Xfj^ pahu, m. a person, individual, h. 

(Jfcb "m^ ^aAi (also paht-asaml), na. a non- 
resident cultivator, paht-hasht, cultivation by non- 
residents, h. p. 

t/^b yf[^pa,e, m. a peasant residing in one 

village, and cultivating land belonging to another vil- 
lage, h. 

(^^b tn^ pa^, If. a coin, the fourth part 
^j^/b xn^ pa,in,j of an ana. s. 
iJ^^. ^n^ pa,t. If. pins used by weavers to 
^j^/b Tnl( pa,in, J wind off the warp from ; 

the word pd,i is frequently used for pahi, q. v. a non- 
resident, &c. h. 

^/^b pa^e, m. foot, leg, the foot or stand of a 

table, chair, &c. pa,e-band (tied by the leg), met. en- 
cumbered with a family. pa,e bdJcl, remainder, balance 
in hand. pa,e-ta]{}it, m. the royal residence, or place of 
general residence of the royal famih*. pd.e-turab, m. 

the first stage of a journey fit is usual to make one 
short stage at the commencement of a journey, and 
there to wait a few days to collect every thing neces- 
sary). pd,e-jdma, drawers, trousers. pd,e l),isa.b land, 
to settle accounts. pd,e-ddm, m. a gin, a springe, a 
snare, a noose. pd,e-zanjtr, (chained by the leg) met. 
encumbered with a family. pa,e-zih, m. a loop or slip- 
knot tied to the legs of falcons, &c. ; a staple. pd,ezeb, 
a female ornament, worn round the ankles. pd,e lagnd, 
n. to make obeisance by embracing the feet (a token 
of respect paid by the Hindus to Brahmans). pd,e-7ndl, 
trampled on, ruined, utterly subdued. pd,e-mdl-k., to 
trample on, to destroy, to lay waste, to ravage. pd,e- 
tndlt, f. destruction, ravage, ruin, occasioned by an army 
or cattle overrurming and trampling fields, &c. ; pa,«- 
mardl, f. courage, resolution, p. 

bb pat/a, m. the foot of a bedstead, &c. p» 
<— ->bb payab, fordable, within man's depth ; 

m. a ford. p. 

^bb payahi, f. quality of being fordable. p. 

^bb payan, m. 1 end, extremity; comple- 

^bb payarii, f. J tion. p. 

lAj^.c^^, pa,e-posh, a shoe, a slipper, p. 

ft^bj^j-^b pa,e-tdba, m. a sock, a sandal, p. 

^jo.b Tiinz pdyath, m. a scaffold, h. 

ewW b pa, e jama, ra. drawers, trousers, p. 

iol^ \j'^pd,e-kha,na.m. a necessary, a privy, p, 

j\ii^, b pd,e-ddr, firm, steady, durable, per- 
manent, p. 

*^ W. ^ pd,e-ddri, permanency, stability, p. 

jjf^. b pa,ert, f. foundation, basis, d. 

(j-^.b tnxf^ pdyas, made of milk or water ; 

m. an oblation of milk, rice, and sugar. «. 
)J;,b pdyiz, the autumnal season, p. 
JO. b pd,e-zahr, the bezoar stone, p. 

tibb xnftrsir pdyik, m. a messenger, harbin- 
ger ; a foot-soldier. *. 

jO(_j b pd,e-kdr, a person who purchases 

goods from the manufacturer to sell to the merchant ; 
a non-resident labourer hired to cultivate land. p. 

a^Mt^f^ b pd,e-kdsht, (land) let out to non- 
resident tenants ; pd,e-kdsht zamtn, land cultivated by 
peasants not residing upon the spot. p. 

i[^Popd,e-(jdh, m. rank, dignity ; a stable, p. 

jjjb TTR^ pdyal or ^nftr^ pdyil, firm of foot, 

steady, easy paced (elephant) ; f. an ornament for the 
feet ; a bamboo ladder, p. 

Jlo(_j b pd,e-mdl, subdued, trampled under 

foot. p. [tion. p. 

^U (J b pd,e-mdUf devastation, destruc- 

\y<Hj b pd^e-moz, m. a kind of pigeons, p. 

(ji. ^. P^^n, low, lower, under, the lower 

part. p. 

1^1 b "t?^ pd,m, f. pins used by weavers to 
wind off* the warp from, h. 

'•^^k^'^Ufvir par/int, 1 f. the foot of a bed, 

ij^}^, ^^ift payanti, > the side towards the 

t^. I-^. "T^rft 7?a,mii, J feet. s. 

(J^' H P^iifi-h f- inferiority, lowness. J5. 

8iU>b payanda, firm, permanent. 2^. 

&^.y j9a«/a, m. a step, degree ; rank, dignity ; 
the foot of a table, chair, &c. ; the foundations of a 
building, p. 

, J*>b payiz, autumn ; met. old age. p. 

J<x>^ ^ 9w^ pabitr, undefiled, nice, clean ; m. 
the firahmanical cord, pabitra-ta, f. purity, holiness, s. 

tjOL> Tjf^niT pahitra, m. a Brahmanical thread ; 
a string of silken beads; a knotted piece oi Kusha 
grass used in religious ceremonies of the Hindus, f. 
holy basil {Ocymum sanctum); a river a little to the 
north-west of Hard war, the Pabar ; the l'2th of the 
light fortnight of Sbrawan, a festival in honour of 
Vishnu, p. 

^Jf"^., ^fV"'i1 Jt?ait7ri, f. a ring of Kusha grass 

{Poa cynosuroides), or of gold, silver, or copper, worn 
on the ring-finger and fore-finger by Hindus during 
religious worship, *. 

^^■^,f^l^'^pipasa,i. thirst. pipdsit,pipdsan, 

or pipdsu, thirsty, s. 

Vju> f^ui<si pippatd, f. a kind of sweetmeat, s. 
0**^^t'vv pO'parinds, the shaddock or pampel- 

mase {Citrus decumanus). d. 

r^ MMSi paprdy m. a crust, a scale, s. 
i^j^. MM si paprl, f. a scab, a scale, scurf j 

thin cakes of bread ; scales formed by the drying up 
of moist earth, s. 

170 ) 


<,yj Ofw 


'Jl/Sy>j^^ '^'^f^^\W^ papriyd-kat 
^^jki b/j:-j_ 'T^fr^olT'I papriyd-kath 
coloured kath (ex. of Mimosa catechu), h. 

'^jiii "MMSli^T papfild, scurfy, scabby, s. 
tJ^. f^^^ pippal, m. the holy fig-tree {JFicus 

religiosa). s, 
•-iJ^. fMm^Jjoir pippalak, m. a nipple, s. 
A-i f^:(^x(^ pippali, f. long pepper (in Dakh. 

pipit)- pippali-mul, m. the root of long pepper, s. 

^jx> 'tnnft papnl, f. the eyelash. A. 

O^. y^^JI papotd, f. the eyelid. «. 

l^ ^fxT^ papihd, "1 m. a sparrow-hawk 

l^juJ "irrt^T papihd, J {Falco nisus). h. 

j_x> pippi, the dregs or lees of any thing 

"when poured out or drained, d. 

\ju> TJ^IT papaiyd, m. a kind of child's 

whistle ; name of a tree and of its fruit (the Papaw 
tree; Carica papaya), h. 

i^^^oju) fTTPftiTort pipltaki, f. the 12th of the 

"mouth Vaisakh, when giving away water is an act of 
merit. *. [ant. s. 

ciUuai fVMl<Ji<l piptlak, m. u large black 

oJUu) fMMlfc^^iI pipilika, f. the common small 
red ant. s. 

yjUpat, f. good name, honour, character. $, 
C»->, "TiT pat or Xff^ paii, m. a lord, master, 

husband, pati, va. a leaf. t. 

e^. ^trfw ^^ai*/!?, m. a company, a platoon, con- 
sisting of one chariot, one elephant, three horse, and 
five foot. $. 

CL>^, fmf pit or f^nr pitt, m. bile, gall. *. 
(-10 ^cT put, m. a hell to which the childless 

are said to be condemned, t. 
^. fmn pita, m. a father, s. 
Ijb. fx(^ pitta, m. bile, the gall-bladder; met. 

anger, emotion, of mind, pitta mamS, to subside 
(anger), pitta nikalna, to chastise, t. 

U) xnn patd, m. a sign, mark, symptom, 

hint, direction, address (or place where one is directed), 
a label ; a book of instructions and regulations for 
rent collectors, patd-rakhnd or -lagdna, to seek for, 
to endeavour to find out. h. 

\JO T?^ pattd, m. a leaf; a trinket, patta 

hand, to run away, to flee. s. [ner. «. 

o\J0 Mffl«hl patdkd, f. a standard, flag, ban- 
j_^l^. "TrTT*^ patdki, m. an ensign, a standard- 

** bearer, s. 

JU) VidcJS patdl ov xrar^ pattdl, m. (in 

Hindu mythology) the infernal regions, or a place 
under the earth (v. pdtdl). s. 

0^\jJ>. fMrilH^ piid-maha, a paternal grand- 
father ; a name of Brahma, the great father of alL *. 
j-.A.'O^JO. frnrw^ jntdmahi, a father's mother, s. 

^IjO ftiifiyji: pitdmbar, m. a silk cloth of a 
yellow colour, a dress worn by Krishna, t. 

(_y>lJO Hdlt putd,i, the act of plastering, 

price paid for plastering, p. 

C-^jjO "TfiTWTT patibrat, m.chastity, modesty .s. 
^jXjJ'^fiTfnn patibratd, f. chaste (woman), s. 
lj^b.C.*^. fMifm^ljl pit-pdprd, m. name of a 

medicinal plant {Oldmlandia biflora). s, 

ij^, '^UffmH patpitl, the grass warbler, a 

** small bird. h. [vial deposits, h. 

Vjo, ^A^i patpar, land susceptible of allu- 

(_^vJj. "TTnTTf patpafi, surface of soft land 
caked by sunshine after rain. A. 

b\^.d.O TrfHTniirr pati-prdnd, f. a faithful 

wife. s. [infantry. «. 

cXjOlI*^. "Tfwifli patti-pankti, f. a line of 

C^jb "Tfini patit, abject, fallen, guilty, aban- 
doned, s. 

^^jbc^oO. MfririMN*! patit-pdwan, purifying 
the guilty (an epithet of the Deity). «. 

C^ ( 171 ) 

SjlJO mPiIH patitwa, m. the conjugal state, s. 
j^ l1*^. fwwr pitt-jwar, m. bilious fever, .s. 
3^cll0. "Tfl^R^ pat-jhar, without leaves; f. 

the fall of the leaf, autumn, pat-jhar hona, to lose its 
leaves in autumn (a tree); met. to decay (a person 
from age), h. 

4.f^^dO TTiTVK^ pat-jharl, f. autumn, h. 
(j^CIa) i(ri((^«T pat-din or pati-din, daily, 

always, constantly, s. 

j^. "^^ patra or Tj^ pattar, m. a leaf; the 

leaf of the Laurtis cassia ; the leaf of a book, gold 
leaf, &c. ; a sheet or plate of metal, a letter, epistle ; 
a deed. s. 

yi>. TPf putr or putra, m. a son, a child, s. 

Si, ffJUX. pitar, m. (pi.) fathers, ancestors, s. 

jjo ^rflT />?7W (same as pita), a father (this 

form is used in compound words). «. 

\J)J>,'^W\ p(itra,m.\mandici an ephemeris. s. 
uiLUjkJ 'T^T^ jmtranh, m. page, paging, s. 
•-2-^]^^. MVII^ patrang, Sanders (Ptero- 

carpus santalinus) ; red or sappan wood (Casalpinia sap- 
pan) ; the Bhojpatr, a tree so called ; a kind of birch, s. 

^j \ Jo f M d ilf^ pitra'x, m. a kinsman, a pater- 
nal relation from three generations, t. 

^ ^. fm(TJ%pitra,i, f. verdigris, sub-acetate 

of copper. .1. 

jb^jjjb^ ^^^r»^ pi^K^-bandhu, m. a remote or 

cognate kinsman by the father's side. ». 

iZS^Jh. f'^'dHf* pitri-hhahti, f. filial duty 

to a father. *. [fared to the manes, s. 

CiT^^jH "f^^rtiTT pitri-bhojan, m. food of- 

yb Jo fM rffM K pitri-pitri, m. a paternal grand- 
father, s. [a &ther, patrimonial. *. 
Cl>0.1o Jo. fi^nnnw 7?z7ri-prapifa, received from 

y*»^jJO fHrfl|« pitri-prasu, f. a father's 

mother, s. 
u-«-l>pi>. "T^TTBT patra-pushp, m. a red sort 

of basil {Ocymum pilosum). ». 

uilxi^ji:) M-^^bMeh patra-pushpak, m. a kind 
of birch from the bark of which hokka snakes are 
made. *. 

(jftio Jo. f^^\\^ pitri-pakshaA m. the first or 

,^x^ Jo "ftnnTW pitar-pakh, J dark fortnight 

of the lunar month ^ftn. t. [from son to son. t. 

^3^ Jo q-:) if^t^^U putra-pauti^n, descended 

j^. 3Jo. fWil^ pitri'tarpan, m. the part of 

the hand between the middle finger and the thumb, 
sacred to the manes ; gifts in honour of deceased rela- 
tives, distributed at the shraddhas or funeral ceremo- 
nies ; the act of throwing water out of the right hand at 
seasons of ablution, by way of offering to the manes, s. 

0^y^. f^fwftj pitri-iithi, m. day of new 

moon on which she rises invisible. «. 

^j^j::>, ftlflirt^ pitri-tirth, m.Gaya, the city 

so called, where the performance of funeral sacrifices 
is thought to be peculiarly efficacious ; tli? part be- 
tween the middle finger and the thumb, sacred to the 
manes, s. 

tL^2«-^. fm^TX^ pitri-jag, m. obsequial rites. ,<t 
yt->-j^,. ^^nr't^ putra-jlv, m. a tree, from the 

fruit of which necklaces are made, of supposed pro- 
lific efficacy (Nigella putrangiva). s. 

^lii>po. fiTW^T*T pitri-ddn, m. gift in honour 

of deceased ancestors, s. 

(^:^jjh M-:n.^r| patra-runjan, m. embellish- 
ing a page, illuminating, gilding, s. 

^^\^L*iJh fiTfTWR pitri-.'ithan, m. a guardian, 

a protector ; the abode of the manes, t. 

{ui^Mijh f^W^^ pitri-srvasa, f. an aunt, 

father's sister. *. 

]j*^l^^ ^"^r^KI patra-shird, f. the vein or 

fibre of a leaf. s. 

J&iij^j2>p[^. fMri^r^ pitri-shrdddha, m. the ob- 
sequial ceremony of a father. <. 
^_^jSjjJO tt^^^ putra-skreni, f. a plant 

(Salvinia cucullata), s. [sequial. «. 

uiJ^. fxjHoF pitrik, paternal, ancestral, ob- 
ll^^JO ^r^oRT putrikd, f. a daughter; a doll. 

putrikd-putra, m. the son of a daughter, appointed to 
raise issue for the father, s. [a letter, s 

D^. X(f^^asj patrikd, f. a leaf, a page, a writing, 
rrj\JH ^^^'*T'§ /'«Vr?"-/fa?;;,m.obseq,uialrites. s. 
U*opL>. M'^eniMiT putra-kdmyd, f. wish, or 

affection for, progeny. *. 

j^jJkJO fi^rtohSl piiri-karm, m. 1 obsequial 
bji^. fxrjf^OT pitri-kriyd, f. J rites, s, 
CL^Jy>. t^JVft patra-gupta, m. a species of 

euphorbia. *. 

»j>po. f^Tinpl pi^TA-gT.ihi n). burial-ground, s. 

^_p.,. ftrFTTWff pitri-gan, m. a class of pro- 
genitors, the sons of the Bishis or Prajapatis. ». 
•— ^^tPk- ^^"^rnnir pitri-ghdtak, a son who 

is hostile to his father ; a parricide. ». 

(-i) J^O Pm a ^ <^pitri-lok,m . the world or sphere 

of the manes : it is variously situated, but principally 
in the Bhuvar region, or mid-heaven, s. 

ji^Jxi, f'TiTHf'^T pitri-mandir, m. the pater 

nal mansion ; a cemetery. «. 

^j(>Jh_ TT^tTTf^cirr patra-ndrikd, f. the fibre 

or vein of a leaf. s. 

ijjjjb Tj-4^5 pairang, m. red sanders {Ptero- 

carpus santilanus). ». 

lioJo. iHTf^CWT patringd, m. name of a bird, 

the flycatcher {Merops viridis). h. 

jjo f^nr^ pitarau, m. (dual), the two pa- 
rents, s. 


( 172 ; 


j^^.jjr*'-.- ^"^^MMK patropaskar, m. a tree 
(Ccusia esculenta). s. 

{:)j3j^, ''l^^ patrorna, m. a plant {Bignonia 

indica). s. 

f^ij^, TMrtcj^T pitri-van, m. a cemetery j a 

place wliere dead bodies are burot. ». 

^•jj^. ^^^^[^ pii?:ivi/a, m. a paternal uncle, s. 

C^^J^v ^^'J^ pitri-han, m. a parricide, s. 

S^jH T^ putri, f. a daughter, patri, a note, 
an epistle. ». 

cIa-^^. tnrf^ piitreshti, f. a sacrifice per- 
formed for obtaining children. *. 

Jji:), xnrftirT patai-iya or T?riFc4|T paturiya, f. 

a prostitute, pi/arii/d-baz, a whoremonger. A. 

f AX>^. f'TH'T?fy?^Vn-^/a<7^/a,m.obsequial rites. a\ 

Cl^^(i>.MCL».l'^fww^flfpatti-sanghati,f. a body 

of troops, s. [[band. *. 

i^JuJo, tjfri^^ pati-seva, f. devotion to a hus- 

ouU TfffchI patka, m. a girdle, a sash, zari- 

patka, a gold sash granted by the Peshwa as a badge 
of honour to his officers, h. p. 

j_^Jo "mr^ patuht, f. a small pot, a pan. h. 
(j^Xjo ftf^ pitta- ghna, antibilious s. 
(^4^. f''^(^j(^ pitta-ghnl, f. a plant {Meni- 

spermum glabrum). t. 

tj^^. '^finf^ pftti-ghfii, f. the murderess of 

"her husband; a line on the hand indicating that a 
woman will be treacherous to her husband. *. 

jjjik^. ^"^^ pattal, f. a plate or trencher formed 

of leaves. *. 

(Jj'A f^fJ'cjS pittal, bilious; m. brass; the 

bhojpatr, or birch tree, of which the bark is used for 
writing upon. t. [lean, meagre, delicate, h, 

'a^'.^.'mv^ patla, fine, thin (cloth or liquids); 
'^i VAkHI putla, m. an image, effigy, idol. s. 
!i^^. fn»(c?l pitiala, f. a plant {Jussieua 

rcpens). s. 

O^kJO f^55T«fT pitland or ftr^Qn*n pittldna, 

n. to be contaminated with verdigris (as food, espe- 
cially of an acid quality, kept in copper vessels), t. 

^^*^kjo. ini^ST^ patldft, f. thinness, fineness, 

meagreness. h. [m, an image, an idol. s. 

KlJO. TT(r%o|rr putUkd or iIwf^«irT puttalikd, 

^li>. ^rtcjS^ pailo, m. the dead leaves fallen 

from ft tree; the leaves cut from the culm of a reed 
{Saccharum spontaneum), and used for thatching, s. 

ik^. ViK^putll, f. the pupil of the eye; an 

' image, puppet, idol, doll ; the frog of a horse-hoof. 
putli-kd-tara-h., to honour or esteem aa the apple of 
the eye. *. 

y^.. fm^nsfi pittati, brazen, made of brass, s. 

\jxJjJ>. ■^HiTTT patimbard, f. a bride choosing 
her husband ; a pungent seed {Nigella tHdica). s. 

(^J^ Mnn^patma,t, sowing fresh sugar cane 
' after cutting the old. h. 

(J^, "^nr^ patan, m. the act of falling, t. 

(iH^ "TWr pattan, m. act of ordering goods 

from a manufacturer. A. 

(^y^. M^n pattan, m. a city, town ; chiefly 

used in comp., as srirang-pattan Seringapatam. «. 

^^^^^Ji^.patanjam'i kharch, a monthly 

treasury account, specifying the receipts and disburse- 
ments arranged under the different heads for each 
month, h. p. 

»^-^. "TiTW patang, m. sappan wood. h. 

i-^^. Tir^ patang,\m. a moth; a (child's) 

l^^. "^nnTT patangd, J paper kite; the sun. s. 

*-^-J^. MfiB*' patangd, m. a spark, patanga 

hond, to go rapidly about a business, h. 

f^^. 'Tisft patnl, f. a wife, patnl-bhdg, divi- 
sion of property among a man's widows. «. 

(_^j^. "TW^ pattant, commissioned, manufac- 
tured by order, h. 
[jjo xnn^ patauwd, m. a leaf. «. 

j^^. ^t\^\X. patmdr, \ 

\\ ". n. . -7 fi* a rudder or helm. k. 

JlyJ TTiT^^y patwal,) 

<^^y^. ^frislH' pati-vrat, m. chastity. $. 

^jyk>.'^fifWin pativratd, f. a chaste and faith- 
ful wife. *. 

•jyH- ^^'^'n paturiyd, f. a prostitute, h. 

^j3^. Mrc(*rll patwantl, f. a wife devoted to her 

husband. *. 

8yL> tnft^ patoh, ^f. daughter-in-law, son's 
^_jJL> ^(^[Spatohu,} wife. s. 
,^^ xf^path, m. a road, path, highway, s. 
(^J^^jo TjOilgtH pathi-drum, m. a sort of khyar 

(Mimosa alba), s. 

f^Jo McVfi. patthar, m. a stone ; pattkar-bdzi, 

f. throwing stones, playing virith stones, patthar pant 
hojdnd, the melting of a stony heart ; a difficult task 
to be facilitated, patthar pasljnd, to be softened or 
melted (a stony heart), patthar chhdti par rakhnd, to 
be patient by compulsion, or from being without 
remedy, patthar sd phenk mama, to reply rashly, 
without understanding the meaning of one's question. 
patthar se sir phopid or mdrnd, to teach or instruct a fooL 
patthar hund, to be heavy ; to be stable, to stand still ; 
to be unmerciful, s. 

UljAJo. tim}^\ pathrdnd, n. to become hard 

(a boil) ; to be petrified, t. 

• ^j^. "TWrr^ pathara,o, act of stoning, s. 

j3^v}^v "^'^^"^^ patthar-phor, m. a wood- 
pecker (Picus). h. 


( 179 ) 

\j>-j^^ "TWC^TT paithar-chata, m. name of 

a kind of greens; a skin-flint; name of a serpent; 
name of a fish; adj. one attached to his own house, 
•who remains there even in distress, h. 

.y^j^^ "gT^TT^ patthar-chur, m. name of a 

plant {Pleetranthus aromaticus, Roxb,). t. 

'^^SjA^^ "TJIToIi^T pathar-kala, m. a firelock, s. 

lySj^, Vi^ pothri, f. the flint of a musket ; 
a gizzard ; grit, gravel ; stone in the bladder, s. 

^j^jo ri^^;^ pathrila, stony (as soil), s. 

til^Jo nrvfoK pathik, m. a passenger, a tra- 
veller, s. 

ij^, ^ f gT«T pathin, m. a division of hell. s. 

C^JO TTSzn pathya, f yellow myrobalan 

{Terminalia chehuld). t, 

esjL^ T^XI pathya, proper, fit, suitable, agree- 
ing with (chiefly with respect to diet). ». 
J{. TT^ pattl, f. a leaf; hemp, of which an 

"intoxicating potion is made; the hem of cloth; (for 
pati, q.v.), a husband, lord, or master, s. 

fji. '^ patai, straw or grass thrown over a 

" field to protect the fresh planted roots from the sun. «. 

Ijp. JffiHJj paUyd, f. a written opinion given 

by Pandits on a point of HindQ law ; a letter, a small 

note. «. , [brother. *. 

Vo fMPri '- tn pitiya, a paternal uncle, father's 

].\jO M Pri ^ll,! patiyara, m. belief, confidence, 

dependence. «. 
\3Up ^^ friVW l patiyana, a. to confide in, to 

trust, to depend on, believe. ». [land. h. 

CL^jp xnffir jt?a«t<, m. uncultivated, waste 

^»^C/jO pafit-hami, f. a decrease, occa- 

"eioned by lands being left uncultivated, h.p. 

ijX^l ^TjWt patiri, f. a kind of mat. s. 

Jlo rnft^ pattl, thin, fine. A. 

J.JU) j9«^i/, m. a match for a lamp, a link- 
stock, a candle-wick, pattl sox, f. the stand or support 
of a lamp. p. 

^^. T|?fic^'l patlla, m. a pan, a pot. A. 

«JjO j9a<IZa (v. patil), a match, &c. p. 

KJL^. "^7 jtjaf, m. a shutter, the valve of a fold- 
iug-door ; a sound ; adj. upside down, overturned, h. 

ciLo xps pat, m. the sound resulting from the 
falling or beating of any thing. *. 

cLo ffZ pat, m. cloth, coarse cloth or can- 
vas, a checkered cloth on which chess &c. may be 
played. «. [gent, sharp, s. 

X[Z patu, clever, dexterous, skilful, dili- 
xrj patt, m. wove silk ; a plant (Cor- 

chorus olilorius) from the fibres of which, called jute, a 
coarse sackcloth and cordage are prepared ; a royal 
grant or order written on copper, stone, &c. s. 

JlA^TlZput,m. a menstruum, solvent, flux. s. 

^. 'VZl pata, m. a foil, a wooden scimitar for 

cudgelling with ; a board on which Hindus sit, whilst 
eating their meals or performing religious ceremonies. 
pate-bdz, a fencer, a cudgel-player ; met. a coquette, 
a wanton, a strumpet ; paid kdfnd, a. to discharge from 
service, h. 

\1>^X(^ patta, m. a lock of hair; a dog-collar j 

name of harness; f. an ornament for the forehead. 

patta turdna, to flee, to run away. A. 

Ijb TJJT patta, m. a deed, particularly a title- 
deed to land ; a grant or lease, specifying the quantity 
of land possessed by each tenant, and the amount of 
rent with which it is charged, pattd-ddr, one who 
holds his lands by a written engagement, paltd dah- 
sdla, a lease for ten years, patta jnndjdt, leases granted 
to tenants individually, patta ta'alluTc, a dependent 
lease, patta thtkd, a deed assigning land for farming 
on certain conditions, s, 

U> putta, m. an ant-hill, a snake's hole. 

(Snakes are usually to be found in old ant-hills, where 
the ground is burrowed in every direction to a con- 
siderable extent. — B.) d. 

cLoVx) m\m patapat, m. the sound of beat- 
ing, or of the falling of drops of rain. ». 
jIL M^IM< patapar, m. name of a fruit, h. 
\3\^ljb xj^T ITTrJn patta turand, n. to run 

away, h, [cracker, a squib, h. 

L&-Q-^ pataMd, m. (properly pataha) a 

Ui) f^ITTO pitara, m. a large basket, a port- 
manteau, square boxes much used by persons tra- 
velling. A couple of them are slung by ropes to 
either end of a bamboo, called a bahangi, and thus 
carried by a man who runs alongside of the i)alau- 
quin.— (B). d. {{\. aghorV). s. 

jj\l>. f^ZV^pitdru, m. an order of mendicants 
(_ff,lJO fxmT:t pitart, f. a small basket, a port- 

"manteau, a hamper, a pannier, s. [in rice, &c. *. 

(Cjlji) ftiZVCt pitart, f. a weevil, an insect br6d 
v^U?. rjZVSC patak, m. a crash, explosion, 

report of artillery ; a kind of bird. h. 

\^Ub "qrran patakd, \ m. a squib, cracker, 

l^li). rfz\W patdkhd,! fireworks; f. a flag, 

a banner, h. 
^Ib patdlan, m. a regiment, a battalion. 

(The Urdu version of the English word is paltan). d 
\j\h XJTT'HT patand, a. to irrigate, to water ; 

to place the beams on the roof of a house ; to pay 

money ; to prepare a chaukd with cow-dung dissolved 

in water, h. 

jljb '^ZT^ patdw, irrigating, flooding a field ; 

roofing a house with tiles, &c. *. [ing- *• 

iJL^iJl*>, in^Z patpat, f. the sound of beat- 

IjuLjO. fq7fnf<nn pitpitiya, adj. combing or 

carding (wool, cotton, &c.). h. 

1:0) "HTfTi patutd, f. 1 expertness,adroitneEs; 
ijibv:^patutwa,m.J eloquence, s. 
ijjl>idL>^J^^^patt-devt,f.di principal queen.s 


( 174 ) 


^ji\. M^CI patra, m. a plank to sit on, a plank 

on which a washerman beats clothes; unripe grain 
(Cicer arietinum). patra /car dena, a. to deprive one of 
his power or strength, to convict an adversary and 
leave him without reply, h. 

(3jjCLo 1|<!<I«0 pat rant, f. a queen who is 

installed or consecrated along with the king. t. 

y^J^yi)^ ''T^nf^ patt-rang, m. a plant used in 

dyeing {Casal/iinia sappan). s, 
1,/Pb. '^zC\ patri, f. a tile. s. 
{jjk. "^Z^ patri, If. a plank to write on; the 
(_f '.■jb. VZ^ patri, ) vanes of a Venetian win- 
dow ; a firm seat on horseback ; a narrow slip or plank 
of wood. h. 

Yjh tJZJl P'^tra, m. a plank, &c., see patra. 

JU*»cLo. mii\^ pat-sal, m, a college, a read- 
ing-room, a school-house, t, 

(o— JC>. Vi^*( pat-san, m. a plant, h. 

tiJLia). M^^(l4i patt-shak, m. a sort of pot- 
herb {Corchorus capsularis). i. [of the teeth, t. 

<^^. f^^ pittakt m. the tartar or excretion 

oij^ "TT^irr patka, m. a cloth worn round the 

waist, a girdle, zari pafka, the golden girdle, an en- 
sign conferred by the Peshwa on generals who are in- 
vested with authority immediately by him. paiha 
bandhna, to determine on, or prepare for anj' act. 
patkd-pakarnd, a. to hinder, to obstruct, s. 

UU-Ki). M<S chilli ill patka jana, n. to fall from 

one's rank or estimation, h. 

OjOo). M<2<3hK«fl 'patkarna,\9.. to dash against 

a, J 

•I '^ZWV!{\ pathana, J any thing, to 
throw on the ground with violence ; to knock, h. 

f^)*^. "^ZW^ patkan, f. a knock, a fall ; patkan 

khana, to fall down. h. 

■X^ TJToBtn patakna, a. to dash against any 

thing, to throw on the ground with violence, to knock ; 
n. to crackle (as wood in the fire), to sputter, to fret. h. 

Ij;^,i3j_^xi>. '^ZW^^^ patkani-dend, a. to dash 

on the ground, to throw against any thing with vio- 
lence, h. [the ground. &c. (same as last), h. 

'u^,i5jXi> k^fioftl^fti patki-dena, a. to dash on 
Jj^ '(fgc^ pattil, m. a plant (^Cessalpinia 

bonditccella). s. 

JfciijijL) Trf^^stW pattilodhra, m. a tree, the 

bark of which is used as an astringent ; the red species 
of the lodh {Symplocos racemosa). $. 

^^. "VZ^ patan, m. roofing. A. 

^Jb,V^ pattan, m. the name of a city. h. 

^jo, xijpT pattan, act of ordering goods from 

a manufacturer, h. 

ui) ViZ^\ pntna, n. to be paid, to be pro- 
cured, to fill, to be watered, to be covered, to be roofed, 
&c. ; m. name of a city in Behar. h. 

Ujb f^ITSn pitna, n. to be beaten, h. 

(_>^Kljb fTnr^fT^I pitankash, m. a species of 

pike (Esor scolopax). $. 

(_/^-^. f^TT^cift pitankaki, f. colocynth. $. 

,_^, "TT^rt ^a/wi, m. a ferryman, h. 

(_^. 'Mg*T') pattani, commissioned goods, or 

■* goods made to order, h. [purpet *. 

ji) TiZ pattu, m. a kind of woollen cloth, 
1^. VZ^ patu,d or patrvd, m. a man who 

strings pearls, a braider, a maker of fringe and tape. *. 

lyo mny patmd, irrigation, patmd-zaminf 

land artificially watered, h.p. 

l^jb VZ^ p(itu,d, m. tow made from the 

Hibiscus cannabiniu. h 

j\^^'^Z^JT.patwdr, \m. one who keeps 
ijj\jh'^Z^T^ patTvdri,} accounts of lands, 

a land- steward: he keeps the accounts of the rents 
realized in his village or department, and accounts for 
them to his superior. The pafwdri is also employed 
on the part of the husbandman, to keep an account of 
his receipts and disbursements, and no village is with- 
out one of these, h. [to water, k, 

0^^. "TZTTrrr putmand, a. to provide money j 
•"^J^v ^'^ patut, m. 1 vigour, virility, acti- 
I3y6. t|^Hl patutd, f. J yity, skill, s. 
^J>^^. "TS^inj patotan, m. roofing with planks 

or boards, transom, h. 

o^, "TToftT patuka, m. a cloth worn round the 

waist, a girdle, patukd bandhna, a. to determine on or 
prepare for any act. patHka pakapid, to hinder, to 
obstruct, s. 

(3^. "f^^^ pataum, m. a ferryman, h. 
Ui&^jb TTTtff^ patohiyd, m. an owl. h. 
y^..y^j)atrvtgar,m.(\.patu,d),Si\)ra.\dier,&iC. h. 
^Jb. '^Z path, '\xn. a young full-grown ani- 

l^. VZ\ patthd, J mal, a youth, a wrestler; 

a sinew, a tendon ; a plant with long leaves, a. 
«i). TIJ pO'tta, a lease, &c. {pattd). h. 
l^. "qZT putthd, m. the buttock, the hip (of 

an animal), h. 

1^1^. M41lff pathdn, name of a race or dynasty 

that reigned in Delhi ; also an jlf^n race settled in 
Rohilcund. h. 

\jl^. VZn{J pathdnd or pit hdnd,^&. to send, 
'6«^i> "TJ^^ paiAawna, J to des- 

patch, h. 
O^i?. "^fzft pathit, read, studied ; recited, h. 
jli&i). Mgt^K patta-ddr, a leaseholder, h. 
i^A^. "T^f pathan, m. reading, reciting, h. 
^^*^. 'ift^'l pathingd, shelter, refuge, d. 
U^. yr<}<ll pdthiyd, f. a young full-grown 

animal, generally applied to kids, fowls, &c. 4. 


( 175 ) 


vA^^. "^^^ pathaiya, part, sent, despatched, h. 

(_^- ^^1^ P^tt^f ^- plaster; a bandage, a fillet ; 

"a quarter of a place ; the side pieces of the frame of a 
bedstead ; a written order, charter, or patent, a list, 
statement, or invoice ; documents of any kind ; laths of 
split bamboo ; spokes of a wheel ; a row ; a kind of sweet- 
meat ; divisions of the hair which is combed towards 
the two sides, and divided by a line in the middle. 
paiti pakarke kilte rahnd, expresses excessive weakness 
and laziness. patU topta, to be bedrid, pattt se pattl 
mildnd, expresses the most intimate proximity, s. " 

^_^. puttt, a basket for catchyig fish. d. 
4j^. "^rfinn paUya, f. a slate or slab of stone, s. 
«-l*JUO "'^H patait, m. a cudgel-player, h. 
j\i^^, patti-dar, a patentee; a person who 

holds a tenure by patti ; one who has a share in a co- 
parcenary village or estate, pattl-ddn, a coparcenary 
tenure, h. p. [grass eaten by elephants, h. 

I;JU> Mfiu patera, ra. papyrus ; a kind of long 

(J^. "T^ patel, m. cudgelling ; sovereignty; 

a title among the Kunhi tribe ; a title of Marhattas, 
the headman of a village, patel ddlnd, a. to interrupt, 
to throw obstacles in the way of a business ; to beat. h. 

^IjuC^. "^t^ pritela or ^iK^\ pataila, m. a kind 
of large and flat-bottomed boat used for merchandise 
on the Ganges ; a log or beam used to roll or harrow 
ground. /*. [to beat. h. 

\-^J^. 'Milc^'fl pafilna, a. to exact, to subdue, 
^J^. "TToift pateR, f. a flat-bottomed boat. h. 
l.^jub v<j'^Hl p'ifima, m. the planks on which 

cloth is spread for printing, s. 

^j^J^. x^jIhI patina or pataina, m. the name 

of a bird, the green fly -catcher {Merops viridis). h, 

j'^ju?. pattiwdr, according to shares or assess- 
ments (v. patti). h. p. [shipping, s, 

bUfi "mrnn pujapa, m. the apparatus of wor- 
Uljtf mn*n pujana, a. to fill, to accomplish ; 

to cause to worship, h. 

^jW pajawd (v. pajdwd) a brick-kiln. p. 

UjW ^JfNHI pujdwand, a. to cause to wor- 
ship, *. [kiln. p. 

jJjVatf pajdwa, ra. (corrupt. o(pazdwa),B. brick- 

j^ pajar, distillation, dripping ; also a foun- 
tain, jet d'eau. d. 

\j)j^ pajarnd, to drop, ooze, distil, d. 

\i\^ THHT^ pujwdnd, to cause to worship^ 
to cause to fill or complete, a. 

\j^ Ti^jl pajaurd, low, mean, shabby, h. 

v_ , ->i-^ "ri^pajeb,^. an ornament for thefeet.j^. 

J*? fq^ pichu, m. a sort of leprosy, s. 

UJ^JJW TI^TTT^yTT pachd ddlnd, n. to digest, 

to rot. s. 

\\ii VI'^UJ puchdrd, m. a thin coat of clay 

for laying on a wall ; the sponge of a gun. puehara 
phernd, to sponge a gun. puchdrd dend, to lay a thin 
coat of clay on the walls of a house ; to whitewash a 
wall. h. 

L>*»^^ ^T^ra pachds, fifty, pachdswan, tte 

fiftieth, s. 

(^^ "T^nrt pachdsi, eighty-five. s. 

^'■^ 'T^TrTT pachdnd, a. to digest ; to cause to 

rot ; to rot, to ferment, s. ("five. *. 

L?y ^ "T^TTrT^ pacfidnawwe,pachdnTve,nmety- 
J ^^ '^I^^ pachd,o, m. digestion, s. 
^^^rWTT^ pach-pach,ra. the noise made by 

walking in damp places ; adj. soft or plashy, as soil, or 
rotten vegetable matter and mud, h. 

Isr^^ fH-qps-qi pichpichd, soft, flaccid, moist, 
flabby, watery, h. [to be wet ; to sweat, h. 

ul^vv '^'^^-^Yf^ pachpachdnd,n. to be damp, 
L^J^ M-«<"4«f pachpan, fifty-five. h. 
^■'^^ ^T^HT^ pachtdnd, n. to regret, repent j 

to grudge, to grieve, h, 

j^ "^RiTR pachtd,o, Vm. penitence, re- 
'j^ "T^nrnr pachtdmd,) pentance, concern, 

grief h. [cloth, h. 

^y^ M-^^f^f^fll pachtoUyd, m. a kind of 
•»^i^ f^nr? pichchat, m. inflammation of the 

eyes, ophthalmia, s. 

j^. "^WK, pachchar, f. a wedge, pachchar- 

mdrnd, a. to tease, to harass, to distress, h, 
tiij^ f«T^o|i pichuk, m. a plant {Vangueria 
spinosa). ». [large nail. d. 

^j^ pachrd, m. a kind of wedge, a spike or 
L>*j^ puchras, m. a kind of bronze, a com- 
position of iron and other metals, d. 
»^ "Pt^^ pichukkd, m. a squirt, h. 
]j9^ Xf^WKJ puchkdrd, m. (same as puchdi-di) 

a thin coat of clay, sponge of a gun. puchkdra phernd, 
to whitewash a wall. h. [syringe, h. 

^_^0w3C fTT^onx^ pichkdri, f. a squirt, a 
Dowj^ fTr^on«n pichkdnd, a. to squeeze, to 

press together, to shrivel, to wrinkle, to burst, h. 

Uxa^ r^-MoRHi pichaknd, n. to be squeezed; 

to be shrivelled, h. 
l^i^ V!^i^pachkhd,Lsix days from shi'dvana 
to revatl, on which days several kinds of work are 
unlawful, s. [or divisions (a house). /*. 

U^Xjai M-(|l!ft{T pachhhand, having five parts 
(J^ ft[^55' pichul, the tamarisk tree ; a plant 

(Barringtonia acutanguld) ; the diver or water-crow. *. 
]j^ Vr^'^STt pachlard, consisting of five rows 

or strings, as a necklace, &c. (v. pdAch laj-d). pach- 
lafi, f. a necklace consisting of five strings, h, 

b^i^ ^"Mc^'HI pachlond, m. a medicine com- 
posed of five kinds of salt. «. 
\j^'v*^ M-clMi^l pachampachd, f. a species of 

curcuma {Curcuma xanthorhizon). h 


( 1^ ) 


y-ji^ TfWr^^ pachmahallat consisting of 

five stories, rooms, or apartments (a house), h. 

i^ f^^^ pichu-mard, ^m. the nimb tree 
ii>s^ ivwir^ pichu-mandj {Melia azad- 

dirakhta). s. 

JvA^ ^^^ pachmel, mixed, confused, s. 
^^ TI^iTj^acAan, what cooks or niatures,&c. s. 
U^ TrERT pachna, n. to be digested j to rot; 

to take pains, to labour, to be consumed, s. 
<!)a^ fT'5|?P pichand or fvff^^J^ pichind, m. the 

belly, s. 
^ik)^ fr^ft^oirr pichandika, f. the instep, s. 
J jditf ftr^ftS^ pichandil or ftf^filS^ pi- 

chindil, big bellied, corpulent, s. 
SJ^atf TTHlffCT pachotara, m. a duty of five 
per cent, on merchandise (v. panchatara). s. 

^^ "T^cFT pachukd, m. a squirt, a syringe, h. 
ij^^j^^. W^^% pachiva,t,\f. an intoxicating 
^5^ Tl'-qcft pachwi, J 

drink made from 

.•^ fxpTtT pichor, garden-ground &c. in rear 
j3»jtf TT^fft pachauni, f. the stomach, s. 

,^ TT"^ pachh or TI13 poM, m. confirmation, 

protection, defence ; partiality ; a feather ; a fortnight, 

or division of tlie month, s. 

,^<i fjRgr plchchh, m. the tail of a peacock, 

a tail in general, h. 

^^ trai puchchfi, f. a tail. s. 
jl^ ^?tRj3«cMar,m. asking,investigation. A. 
jIa^ Xpg[l'S puchha)'f f. a fall, throwing down ; 

the act of winnowing, pachhaf khana, to fall down ; 
to suffer pain. s. 

Oj'l^iC MiSrf «!T pachharna, a. to throw down, 

to abase, to conquer, to upset, h. 

4^j\^^ fM^Idl pichharl, f. the rear; the 

hinder part of an animal ; the ropes by which a horse's 
hind legs are tied ; adv. in the rear, behind, pichh&ri 
mama, to attack in rear. h. [of the sun. t. 

(^^jtf 'T3rt pachhdn, m. the west, the setting 

\3\Aatf f<4 t^NI pichhdnna, a. to know, to be 
acquainted with, to recognise, h. 

Uy^^jj^b^ai pichh pdfOn hond, to retreat, 
fall back, withdraw, d. 

Uljk^ M^riMT pachhtdnd, n. to regret, to re- 
pent of, to feel vexed, i. 

!.\-k^ Jr^T^\ pachhtdwd, m. regret, concern, 

grief, contrition, repentance. (. 

^a^ Tr^i;^ixpnchhattar, seventy-five. h. 

''6j^< fVlfsafTToRT pickchhitihd, f. the srsu 

(Dalhergia sisu). s. [overcome, h. 

13 Wj^^ TTBTTifT'fT pachhar-jdnd, n. to be 

l^ac m^^itfl pachharna, n. to fall, to tum- 
ble! h. ' 

^.55 "Ptb^ pichhld, hindermost, last ; mo- 
dern, recent (in opp. to ancient), pichhle piiiw hafna 
to witlidraw from one's agreement, h. 

^4^ frftat^ pichchhild, f. the silk cotton 
tree {Bomhax heptaphyllum) ; a potherb {Basella rubra 
and lucida) ; a timber tree (jDalbergia sisu), an esculent 
root {Arum Indicum). s. 

1/-*"^ J43? rMt4c«JMl|^ pichhal-pd,t, f. an ugly 

or friglitful woman, one who is a satire upon the sex, 
an ogress, h. 

^ij.^ f^xa:(i5<55! pichchhal-dald, f. the ju- 
jube {Zizyphus jujuba). i. [ping. *• 
[j^^^. frST^ pichhalan, m. sliding, slip* 

(^j^^0^ pichhalan, next, second, again, d. 
lii^s^ f^^^i:!^S^ pichhalnd, n. to slip, to slide, s, 
^4^5 ^nlH pachchham or TTf33W pachchhinif 

west, western. *. 

U^.ff«: "TSRT pachhnd, m. the act of scarifying 
(tattooing); inoculating; aBcariflcator(nameofin8tnr- 
ment). h. [ing. A. 

1^0 t|g^ri^ pachhm, f. scarifying (tattoo- 
l^ai trg[fT puchhwd, f. western wind. s. 
b '^^ fcRT^TTT pichhwdra, m. "i rear, rear- 
Sr[j''-?4^ fTSRTTt pichhwdri, f. J wards, hin- 
dermost ; the back yard of a hoiue. A. 

(i)l?45v f^^3[^*T pichhmdn, tailed, having a 

tail. h. [m. back of a house, i, 

O^^ f^Wit pichhut, afterwards, behind ; 

\}^^ ftn^to pichhaurd,'\m. a cloth or sheet 

!jI?4?v ^''T^i^ pichhaurd,) worn round the 
waist, or thrown carelessly over the head, a tablecloth. A. 

lJj}^ ftr^tt pichhaui-t,\f. a small cloth, 

{Jj^^ f^l^t^ pichhaurl,) &c. ; a head- 
kerchief, h. 

^3*^35 Mti^^'HI pachhornd, a. to winnow with 
a basket used for this purpose. A. 

<-Cji?45» pachhori, f. a sheet, cloth, &c. d. 

bj^^ ^^^Tf puchhrvaiyd, m. an inquirer, 

interrogator. «. 

^^ ■'raft pachchht, m. an ally, an assistant, 

"an advocate, patron; a bird. s. 

jU^^ TTfT5in^pacAAiya?v,f. a westerly wind. s. 
cIaa^j^ f^^iT pichhet, m. the back of a house j 

a 3'ard or compound behind a house t. 

le^ '"T^ pachchl, adherent, joined j (met. 

"in music) in unison, pachclii-kari, f, mosaic ; patching 
or darning of damaged cloth, pachchi bona, n. to be 
stuck together as with glue ; to be in unison ; to be 
strongly •■ittaehed by love. A 

^ju,^ Tf^^ pachts, t^enty-fi\e. «. 

-jimAj^ xj^rWt pachm, f. a game, so called, 

played with cowries instead of dice. It is so named 
from the highest throw, which Is twenty-five. *. 

j^^ pakh, interj. Oh ! bravo ! well done ! pikh, 

get away ! begone ! p. 
Jlie paMdl f. {for pakhal), a large leather 

bag for carrying water, generally on bullocks, t. 

jjukhtai'i, f. cakes (or bread) which 

are laid over dishes when bringing to table, and under 
which the meat is kept warm ; cakes embued with cla- 
rified butter, from being laid over certain greasy dishes, 
as dopixjaza, &c. These cakes are very soft and savoury, 
whence mama pukhtariyan khana, to eat cakes of this 
description prepared by his mother, is applied to a 
person accustomed to luxury and incapable of labour 
or fatigue, p. [of the world, p. 

jXjksi pukhtagi, dressing, ripeness, experience 

^JJ^ pukktan (r. paz), to cook, to bake ; 

met. to concoct in the mind, or Imagine, to entertain 
an idea. p. 

sla^ piikhta, dressed (as victuals); ripe; sly, 

knowing, experienced (in the world), wise ; built of 
cut or polished stones (a house), pulshfa karna, to 
make strong. puk]ita-kari, sound workmanship. 
pukhta-mizdj , of mature disposition, experienced, p. 

(j£i^ pakhsh, trodden, expanded, withered, p. 

S> Tf^ pad, m. the foot ; footstep ; rank, cha- 
racter ; (in g^am.) a word ; place, station ; a foot or a 
line in a stanza; (in law) a head, title, or topic of legal 
or judicial proceedings. «. 

\si fm^ pidda, m. a species o^ small bird. h. 

CLSJl^^S>^ ^(^ifWfM^ padahhishikta, anoint- 
ed or installed in rank or office, s. 
C^\^. H^^lif padat or padati, m. a footman, 

a foot-soldier, a pedestrian ; a pawn (in chess), t. 

(-db\iV ^t^lPirl*!! padatik, a peon, a footman or 

foot-soldier ; a pawn (in chess), t. 
^j^^.. >J^0 padarth, m. a thing, substance, 

a good, a blessing ; a rarity ; a delicacy, or exquisite 
food; the meaning of a word; a category or predica- 
ment in logic, of which seven are maintained, viz. 
substance, quality, action, identity, variety, relation, 
and nonentity, s. 

^.liX?. V!^;X^ padargh (for padarghya), an 

offering of curds, honey, &c. to a guest or Brahman, s. 

(_>**lt3w?. tf^nr padas, f. inclination to break 

wind backwards, flatulency, s. 

\m»\s>, Hi}H\ padasa, m. one who is inclined 

to break wind ; adj. flatulent, s. 

t^f**^'^^ ^^T5«f padasan, m. a footstool, s. 
K>\d>^, Tjf^im paddna, a. to cause to break wind, 

(met.) to frighten, or to put to flight. ». 

\^Xi^Si "^^T|; paddnk, m. footmark, vestige, s. 
iiS>. M^^t padbi, f. title, titular name, sur- 
name, patronymic ; rank, character ; a path. t. 
iij4^'i^ m^H^*! pad-hhanjan, m. explanation 

( 177 ) J..H 

lIaAs-jj. "T^^rT pad-chyut, fallen from dig 

nity, disgraced, s. 

jC^l padar (in Hind, pidar), a father, pidar- 
mizaji, a representative father, or one who has adopt- 
ed a son. p. [bottom, beneath, d. 

jtW. padar (same as tah, q. v.), fold, &c. ; 

io|^t>J padardna, paternally, like a father, p. 

'^JJ'H 'po.drud, leave, dismissal, farewell ; 

padrud-k., to bid adieu, p. 
i_$jiXi,padarl, paternal, fatherly, p. 
(^j>i'^,ffl^^ pidrt, f. a tomtit, h. 
dLJSiXf^ padak, m. an ornament of the 

neck ; (in Dakh.) a flat plate of gold or other metal ; 
badge, s. 

Af'^, '^l^^ff pad-kram, m. step, pace. s. 

*i\> "<T^ padam or THT padma, m. the lotus 

(Nelumhium speciosum, fVilld. or Pruntts cerasus) : it is 
often confounded with the water-lily {Nymphtea); ten 
biUions, according to the Shastr, or one thonsanid bil- 
lions, according to the Dastur-ul-'amal or the royal or- 
dinances of Akbar. s. 

^JJi. V^ padmd, f. the goddess of riches, 

Laksjfml ; a small tree {Hibiscus mutabilis). s. 
(iL>l«j^. mm padmdt, m. a sort of cassia 

(Cassia tor a), s. 

^^U^. M^l^cf padmdsan, m. a posture in 

religious meditation, sitting with the thighs crossed, 
one hand resting on the left thigh, the other held up 
with the thumb upon the heart, the eyes directed to 
thetipofthenose; a seat made in the shape of a lotus. *. 

S^<^. M^l<4i< padmdkar, m. a large deep 
pond, in which the lotus does or may grow. *. 

Ojl/ctX) xnTNTT padmdrvat, name of a cele- 
brated princess, whose adventures are related in a ro- 
mance entitled Padtvdwatl. s. 

iJfj^Si, mt\MA^ padmdwatt, f. the wife of the 

sage Jaratkdru ; the main stream of the Ganges be- 
tween the Kasimbazar river and the sea. s. 

Jbai^^Tf^rV^ padma-patra, m. a sort oicostus 

{Costus speciosus). s. [(JVebera corymhosa). t. 

v_ , ...^.> ,\> tr^rn^ padma-piishp, m. a shrub 
jijW*iV TRT^nfc^ padma-chdrim, f. a 

small tree (Hibiscus mutabilis). s. 

^Jm.i^mS:}. Tr!T^«T padma-darshan, m. the 

resin of the Pinus longifolia. s. 

i^\, *iiO, THRTT padma-rag, m. a ruby. ». 
uiJu»c^ 'mrmpadinak, m. a kind of leprosy. «. 
4iS»\^^i>j T jilcua padma-kdshth, m. a fra- 
grant wood, used as a cooling and tonic medicine, t. 
^^, "TSnift padmaki, m. the Bhojpatra or 

"birch tree. The bark is used for writing upon, vrrap- 
ping shawls, &c. s. 

j«^^^J>> tRIg^ padma^mukht, f. a sort of 


( 178 ) 


jXctV. Qfi'f) padmani or "Tftrfft padmim, f. a 

" description of women, the most excellent of the four 
classes into which womankind is divided by the Hindus 
(the names of the other three are chitrinl, sankhint, 
and hastini). s. 

y^^. X(^t^ix. padmottar, m. safflower. s. 
tdiSj J j,(i>) M^4iimpadma-varnak, m.a species 

of cos tus (Costus speciosus). *. 
O^iJ ti?[tTT padna, 1 having a propensity for 
ji^.V:Wpoddu, I- breaking wind back- 

\jjS>. "T^^ padora,) wards; met.acoward.s. 

ciJiijii^. tT <{1 ^ e B padodak, m. water in which 
the feet of a Brahman have been washed, and which 
it is a meritorious deed for inferiors to drink, s. 

(^jii^. Ti^^ padrvl, f. rank, character, title, 

road, path (v. padbi). s. 

^X^S>. '^trr'C'n padhdma, n. to take leave, 
to go away, to depart ; to arrive. ». 

^UtV. f^«T pidhan, m. a covering, a cover 
or concealment ; a lid ; a wrapper or cloak, s. 

C^s:>. "T^ftr paddhat,\f. a road, line, row; 

^Si/TSKi paddhaii,) manner, custom; a 

" treatise on a particular science ; ritual ; a title or titu- 
lar name. «. 

t^iH ^^ paddi, f. an alley, a way. h. 

,^^,iiJ. padid, open, public, clear, evident, 
manifest, conspicuous, visible, p. 

i^Al "*" padya, m. metre, verse. 

10k> ^<RT fada, m. the boundary of a field, h. 

r>iSj. pazlr or pizir, (in conip.) denotes 
taking, receiving, admitting, being possessed of or 
endowed with ; as, zinat-paztr, adorned, possessed of 
ornament; safapazlr, endowed with integrity, pure, 
sincere, p. 

^JjijSi, paziraftan (r. pazlr), to receive, 

to accept ; to admit, to sustain, p. 
iJCK>, piztra, acceptable, agreeable, p. 

jl "^X. par, other, strange, foreign, distant. 
par-des, abroad : conj. but, over, through, after, at, by, 
for, of; post-position, on, upon, notwithstanding, s. 

y> Upra, prep, (in comp.) forth, for, forward, 

off, away. «. 
J. par, m. a feather, a quill, wing, par-jalnd 

or futna, to be without power or ability, par-jhapia 
or girand, to prepare to fly ; to get new feathers after 
moulting, par nikdlna, to display on acquiring power 
those qualities which remained concealed in poverty 
or a low station ; to shew the cloven foot, p. 

J ir5 paru, m. a knot or joint in a reed. s. 

jlpur, full, complete, loaded, charged; used 
(in comp.) as pur-nur, illustrious, lit. full of light, p. 

J xre pur, m. f. a city, town, pur-bdsl or 
pura-vaisi, a dweller in a city, a citizen, s, 

\j Tjn para, prep (in comp.) back, back- 
ward, reverse, over, i. 

\ji. VTJ piira, m, a large village, town ; (in 

comp.) apartment ; as, ran-pura, the women's apart- 
ment. «, [troops) ; a rank, file, or row. «. 

)j{. ""^T para, m, a company; a body (of 

&A>];^. IIITdV prdhalya, m. power, vigour, 

predominance, t. [eminence, t. 

3^\r':- W*^'^ prdbhava, m. superiority, pre- 

^4^0. ^TTW^ parabhav, m. discomfiting, over- 
coming. », [come. s. 
Oj4^^. TTTTiJK parabhut, defeated, over- 

CLi^Uj. inw prdpta or parapat, m. income, 

produce, gain ; advantage, benefit ; acquired, attained ; 
proper, right. *, 

Lloj J Vnfv jyrapti, f. gain, income, advantage, 

acquiring, obtaining, success, s. 

CU>1j nrf^ prdpit, procured, obtained, s. 
^j\Si)A WStT^ prdptdrtha, successful, having 

gained an object, s. 

ju»j\l>\jl WSfJ^m. prdptdvasar, opportune, 
seasonable, finding an occasion, t. 

^S>tJLo\ji, niH^fs prdpta-buddhi, enlight- 
ened, instructed ; recovering, becoming conscious. *. 

J\^l1*^.)»> ITTHcfilcjS prdpta-kdl, fated, one 
whose fated time has come ; opportune, s. 

v:ib.U. Uni* prdpak, adj. procuring, obtain- 
ing, s. 

^j^.1j. nnrir prdpan, m. obtaining, s. 

*A)1*> HTO prdpya, attainable, obtainable, s. 
C>U UTW prat or TfW, prdtah, m. morning, 

dawn of day. prata-samai, prdta-kal, the same. *, 

Cj\j>. tTOH 2>a^'at, 1 f. a large plate (of 
^J,\J>, i T Urit pardti, J brass), h. 
uiJiiJoU urfinrf^ prdUpadik, m. the crude 

form of a noun, without affixes, «. 

eO^Ol;) m^ l Pf W pardt-priya, m. a kind of 

reed {Saccharum spontaneum). s. 

^\jT(nfXprdtar,B.dy. morning, dawn, prdtar- 

bhojan, m. the morning meal, ». 
^]A. 5^Trm pvrdtam, | ^^^^ ^^^^ ^ 
(J^Itv 5^^'' purdtan,) 
ciU4Jiy, TTI >nrH« li prdthamik, first, initial. «. 

au^l J jf|V(H| prdthamya, m. firstness, pri- 
ority, s. [dential ; m. a surety, «. 
tdJuai]^. Uli«<rMch prdtyayih, trusty, confi- 

IaS'Ij). "^HTI pardthd, ra. bread made with 
butter (or ght), and of several layers like a pie-crust. ;<. 

\joW\^. m^fmiMI prdjdpatyd, f, giving away 
the whole of one's property before entering upon tin- 
life of an ascetic or mendicant, s. 


( 179 ) 

ftjp.lft.^^. ITnTnT?! prajapatyq, m. a form of 

marriage, the gift of a girl respectfully by her father 
to her lover; a name of Allahabad or Prayag; a sort 
of penance, eating once a day for three days in the 
morning, once in the night for three days, subsisting 
three days on food given as alms, and fasting three 
daj's more ; a particular sacrifice performed before ap- 
pointing a daughter to raise issue in default of male 
heirs ; the asterism Rohini. 

^. '^TjfWfi par aj it, con(\uevedi, defeated, s. 

{c^'/>. M<N^ parajai or par aj ay a, m. over- 
throw, defeat, discomfiture, s. 

jj\.»A>-l^. M4.|3(^MI^ pardjaiman, adj. over- 
coming, conquering, sturpassing. s. 
jl*-|j. ITTTR prdchdr, contrary to rectitude, 

deviating from the ordinary inetitutions and obser- 
vances, s. [pupil, s. 

—jV^U^. iris's prdchdrj, m. a scholar, a 
CLa»-\j>, mx^MA pardchit, m. a fine or penance 

imposed on religious occasions as the price of abso- 
lution, atonement, expiation, s. 

^ed'U HT^ prdchi, east, eastern ; f. the 
"east. s. [fence, a wall, a rampart. «. 

J|^-]^. Vn^ftt prdchlr, m. a bound hedge, a 

^jpv^-U>. "TTT^rhr pardchm or W^lft«T prdchtn, 
old, of former times, ancient; t a broad hedge, a 
fence, a wall. s. 

\Jjifi*-^V. in'- ^l qi prdchind, f. a plant {Cissam- 

pelos hexandra). t, 
ullUlJjLis-0. in^ft»TnT^r8F prdckinamalak, m. 

a fruit {Flacourtia cataphracta). s. 

U^Lt^bi in^«!"MH^ prdchln-panas, m. 

a tree {^gle marmelos). t. 

\Zxx>-\j>. WHIHAI prdchtnatd, f. antiquity. .«. 
au>-0 Uray prdchya, eastern ; m. the eastern 

country, Boatb and east of the Saraswatl. s. 
^y^A^^Tf^Z^ prddur-bhdo, m. appearance, 

manifestation, s. [ambulation. *. 

wo-So t>U. in ^Hf TEH prddakshinya, m. circum- 
^^<ib "«TO^»T parddan, m. a horse of the Per- 
sian breed. *. [superiority. », 
ftjiil^iSL) HTVT^ prddhdnya, in. supremacy, 
.\^My. "qtrftrsim parddhikdr, m. another 
person's office or post. paradhikar-charchS, f. offidous- 
ness, interference with another's concerns. ». 

;j;\jbiU TrTJvt«T parddhtn, in the power of 
another, dependent, s. [dependence, s. 

\l)jjbd\j>, •qix^'^^ parddhtnatd,{. subjection, 

(J^.i]j>, HT^TH prddesh, m. place, country, s. 

tiJijjJ>5^. infl^rar prdd-vivdk, m. a judge, 

a magistrate. *. [mordica charantia). s. 

b XTO^ pardru, m. a kind of gourd {Mo- 

J^^.b V[U:» prdrabdh, f. fortune, lot, fate, 

predestination, chance ; adj. beg:un. *. 

^j\j^. "M<!Q pardrth, having another object or 

sense ; designed by another ; m. for the sake of another. 
pardrth-vddl, officious, meddling. «. 

C-*4Jj j^. Urf^ prdrthit, asked begged, soli- 
cited. *. [solidter. «. 
i.i\^J\j>^ lIT^«ir prdrihak, asking, an asker, a 

\^j\jl WVi^n prdrthnd, f. asking, petition, 

prayer, s. 

eua^l^ HT^^I prdrthriiya, to be asked or 

begged ; m. the third or Dwapar age of the world, i 

sy&iijl^, Mk\^ pardrdhwa, m. a lack of lacks 

of crores, or a number equal to half the term of Brah- 
ma's life. s. [mencement. t. 

0^Ju^, HRW prdrambk, m. beginning, com- 

0**lrv ^^1*^ pards, m. the name of a tree 
{Buteafrondosa); oakum, made of the bark of that 
tree. s. 

{jt*\j(. W9prds, m. a bearded dart. s. 

(^_)»»M mxvi prdsu, dead, expired, s. 

5U*»\j URTF? prdsdd, m. a temple, a palace. $. 

C1a**»L> M4.IV( pardst, defeated, s. 

b**»U> MO^ril pardsutd, f. death, extinction j 

drowsiness, s. [piation. s. 

CL^^\j>, MUfHIri prdschit, m. atonement, ex- 

ti)LM»U> xnWSf! prdsak, m. a die, dice. s. 


jj2*1 J. M4, i v|< pardshar, the father of the poet 

Vyasa. s. [dent, s, 

CJju»]j>, ^TTTfsnr pardshrit, subject, depen* 

ijj^\r>, lil^C* ^ pardshart, m. a beggar, a wan- 
dering mendicant, t. 

(C-^^J Tif^T^ p^i't'dshrai, dependent, relying 
upon another ; m. dependence. ». 

b >iSl>^ J m,\^ ' m pardshrayd,(.Si parasite plant.*. 

ci31 J m.|4i pardk, m. a religious obligation 

of an expiatory kind, fasting for twelve days and nights, 
and keeping the mind attentive and organs subdued ; 
a sacrificial sword, s. 

cdJ|^. W^prdk, before, prior, preceding; east, 

eastern ; at dawn, early. ». 

j\^U> ni chR prdkdr, m. an inclosure, a fence, 
a rampart, particularly a surrounding wall elevated 
on a mound of earth, s. 

jD^j^\ji. v n *^>mM{ \ prdk-phalgum,f. the 

eleventh lunar asterism. i. 
^J:^\y>^.W^f!Hprdktan, old,prior,former. prdh- 

tan-karma, m. any act formerly done ; &te. destiny. $. 
O/U W^ prdkrit, low, common, vulgar; 

natural ; belonging to the Pra^trifi. illusory, material 
m. a dialect derived from the Sanskrit, s. 



\Z»\^CJjf\ji, TtlfA^im prakrit hhasha, f. a 

popular dialect formed from the Sanskrit lanp;uage. 
In the Sanskrit plays, the illiterate, and generally the 
females, speak Prakrit. The Prakrit and Pall are 
very clearly Sanskrit corrupted, smoothed down, and 
simplified. Some have maintained that, on the con- 
trary, Sanskrit is merely a refinement on the former. 
This is aboiit as rational as saying that Latin was de- 
rived from the present Italian or Spanish, s. 

^rt,}^y^j>., HT<^ifU<^M prakrit-pralai, m. the 

"total dissolution of the world, i. 

jy>-CJ>J\ji, W ^A^i. prahrit-jwar, m. com- 
mon or usual fever. *. 

j:aC^J\j>^ UT^nrf^'f prakrit-mUra, rn. a na- 
tural friend or ally. t. [valour, s. 

jS\j>. Tnjgw parakram, m. ability, power, 

iffy]/!, "TCnSFft parakramt, bold, powerful, 
rtout. s. [or time, s, 

J^uiJy. Trn«ir«liT^ prak-kal, m. former age 

i^\,\VT}^ parag, m. the pollen or farina of 
a flower; fragrant powder used after bathing; the 
name of a mountain. «. 

ylS\y>. inT frag, m. the ancient name of 

Ilahdbad, vulg. Allahabad, s. 

J^lL/|»>. WWn prag-bha,o, m. prior exis- 
tence ; superiority, excellence, i. 
•l^jk^L) UTTHI^ prag-abha,o, m. antecedent 

( 180 ) ]j^ 

<.^y*\jl 111*1 iflU 4 pramaniky adj. poseessing 

privation, non-existence of a thing which may yet be ; 
the non-possession of property which may yet be 
eessed. s. 

(ji3^A9-d/)^) UI'Is^^OlM prag-jyotish, m. a 

country, Kdmrup, part of Assam, the scene of Brah- 
ma's penance. *. [precursor, s. 

-o\^l1/L). ITPTnft prag-gami, going before, a 
«jk^jJi'L). iniQ'i'I pragaJbhya, m. confidence, 

boldness, arrogance, t. 

^6JS\ji paragandagi, f. dispersion, defeat, p. 
i,^ji)j^paraganda, dispersed, scattered, p. 

Ia^U in^ pragya, f. knowledge, understand- 
ing ; a clever woman. «. [dom, «. 
^yij>^j>. niVR pragyatwa, m. learning, wis- 

^V^L). in'9H1«T pragya-man, m. respect for 
learned men. pragya-mant, adj. respecting learned 
men. ». 

8<iS\ji. Wrni pragya, chief, principal, s. 

»-^\.) in? pragya, wise, clever ; m. apandit j 

a learned or clever man. $• 
(ei^\j\ WfV^ pragyt, f. the wife of a Brahman ; 

a clever woman, s. 

f3}l (Ti.l(^ paral, f. straw, stubble, s. 
jci6Ji\j\, m^V paralabdh, f. fate, predestina- 
tion, venture, chance. *. 
e^pXicSj)^, in>1TV pramadya, m. a tree {Justicia 

adhenatoda) ; madness, frenzy, intoxication, t. 

authority ; a presidept, the chief of a trade; a learned 
man, one able to quote his authorities. «. 

&x>l«\^. Tn<Rnni7?ra»rta7j?/a,m. authority, proof.«. 
(^j*ji. '^f^'H^paramarsh, m. counsel, advice, 

consideration, reflection, discrimination, Judgment, t. 

^'^^IH- "M^-IHIvh I y?aramorf/iana, m. coaxing, 

wheedling, s. 

i^yjl ^*^'^ puran or purana, m. the Hindu 

mythological books, generally reckoned eighteen in 
number (v. preface to Wilson's translation of the 
Vlstinu purana). s. 

ij[jl THUS prdn or paran, m. breath; soul, 
life ; sweetheart, mistress ; poetical talent or inspira- 
tion ; a title of Brahma, the supreme spirit; an aspira- 
tion in the articulation of letters. *. 

{^j^. M«.(* pardnna, adj. living at another'* 

expense ; m. food supplied by another. #. 

v\j> g^UlT- purdnd, old, ancient, s. 

^\jl M<i*ti pardnd, n. to run, to flee. «. p. 

\S\ji_ ^^TT purdnd, a. to fill, to make full ; 

also (in Dakh.) to pierce, to bore, to string pearls. *. 

^IH- 'f^TTT pirdnd, n. to have pain, be pain- 
ful *. [fatal, t. 
j_^l^jl3\^. URnr^TT^ prdndpahdrt, deadly, 

,^Ui»iiU^. irn!rTftl*IFI ^;7'awac?/t?wai/i, m. a 

husband, as lord over life. s. 
CL^\J\jlHW[*!( prdndnt, m. death, s. 

LiljL>\Ji»J. m^lftleh prdndntik, fatal, desti'uc- 

tiveoflife; m. murder, s. 

UTOTTR prdndydm, m. breathing in 

a peculiar way through the nostrils during the mental 
recitation of the names or attributes of some deity : 
the Vaidyas close the right nostril with the thumb, 
and inhale through the left ; then they close both 
nostrils, and finally open the right for exhalation. «. 

,J6(ib(jV. TIX^'^V^ prdn-hddh, m. extreme peril, 

fear of life. s. [another's cost. *. 

l3^.^(j1H ***-''T**^'fl pcrdnna-bhojifWy'mg at 

'--^^•(jlrv W'inTftT prdn-pati, m. soul's lord, 

a husband, s. 
\^jLi3^.^^^> UTOlrfireT prdn-praiishthd, m. 

the ceremony of imparting life to an idol. ». 

^'^'cjVv HI^R^I prdn-pradd, f. a medicinal 
plant, commonly called riddhi. s, [end. «. 

CL^\j>. VJ*it prdnt, m. edge, margin, border, 
vi/lj5^1j^. U\liiff\}TT prdn-tydg, m. abandoning 

life, dying, suicide, s. 
l^U> irniTT pardnthd, m. a kind of cake, 

' paste, h. 

J^U. ITT^r^ prdnjali, f. putting the hands 
together to the forehead, a mark of respect, a. 

CJ^'^uIH- 'nUTVHUJ prdn-dhdran, m. sus- 
tenance, supporting life. «. 

LJ]^. q^lH^I paransa, f. the practice of me- 
dicine, administering remedies, s, 

'****i^\j>, HT^VHI pran-sama^ f. a wife, con- 
sidered as equal to life. s. 

-•JU**»^U>. irroraTW pran-sanyam, m. a pecu- 
liar religious exercise, suspending breath. «. 

i^J^U> TTTOcir prdnak, m. an animal or sentient 
being; a plant (Celtis orientalis). s. 

i<^\j^. WW^ pran-mai, endowed with breath 

or life, pran-mai-kosh, m. one of the cases or recep- 
tacles of the soul, the vital or organic case. t. 

*^^u\}^-- V^*fl^ prdn-ndth, m. a husband, s. 

CL^\j>, M\*ii*H pranant, m. a sort of colly- 
rium. s. 

(^i^U>. M 1*11 ml prananti, f. sneezing, hiccup, s. 

<3julr^/ Trnsrapi prdn-vyai, m. loss of life, 
death, s. 

^J^iJbl Hl*y^'0 /?raw-/ia?i,1 deadly, mor- 

/>^^\j._.\rm^pran-har, J tal. «. 

(3y. irnsfl' pram, endowed with life, an ani- 

maL 3. 
];3b^jy. in^^l-fl prdn-ydtrd, f. support, of 

life, subsistence, t. [animals. <. 

llfeviJlrv 'ntfflMlJl prdnt-pird, f. cruelty to 

{„J^]f>, ITT^^ prdnesh, m. a husband, as so- 
vereign of life. s. 
l-iJoUi lITO^n j>rdneshd, f. a wife. $. 
^^(j>lr^- WllftiTnn pm/ii-maf 5, f. a mother. «. 
d^jj,^. WKuir^rt prdni-hit, favourable or 

good for living beings, s. 

\*J!^^\j'i Hmnn^4ij prdrii-hinsd, f. doing 

harm to a living creature. *. 

Ci->_5U. in^ prdvat, m. barley. «. 

Ojj^> "TCI^^ pardvart, ra. reversal of a 

sentence, paravart-byavahar, m. appeal (in law). «. 

Ojj^. "TTT^ pardvritt, reversed (as a 

judgment). [cloak, s. 

C^j^\j\, TIWrT prdvrit, m. veil, a wrapper, a 
Ojj^. HnP^ prdvritti, f. an inclosure, a 
fence, a hedge. *. [about July and August, s. 

iji^yj>, Hil** prdvrish, f. the rainy season, 
^^.^-Sl»jj^>. in«t«4iM*Uil prdvriskdyani, f. cowach 

" {Carpopogon pruriens). s. 

K .jk.. *> jj|^> nir^M^RI prdvrishenya, m. the -ffa- 

dam& tree {Nauclea cadamba). i. [fulness. «• 

joi^j^ TTn^rni prdvinya, m. cleverness, skil- 
*)j|. "TTT^ pardh, f. flight, a general emi- 

gxation ; m. the next day. ». 

i^\\- ^^^^ pardhna, m. the afternoon, the 
latter part of the day. t. 

( 181 ) ^j^ 

^•l/v ^^^ pardyd, strange, foreign", belong- 
ing to another. *. 

tJLo3j>. y^Xi^ pardyatt, dependant, subject, s. 

AafiU pard,icha (pi. of pdrcha, Gilch.) 
scraps, bits, &c. p. 

jJlA^**^-tj^. IH'lf'Sra' prdyashchitt, m. expia- 
tion, penance, prdyashchitt-vidhi, f. rules for pe- 
nance, s. 

i^}r>, ^<\^^ pardyan, m. adherence to a pur- 
suit, attachment to, dependence on; adj. adhering or 
attached to, depending upon. s. [death, s. 

<oiN^. KTM^ prdyan, m. death, voluntary 

sS\ji_ ITR prdya, adj. like, resembling; (in 

comp.) m. fasting to death, as a religious act ; quan- 
tity, aoundance. s. 

^j>^VJj^ parh, m. gem, a flat diamond, h. 
(—-V. "'I^ parab, m. a holiday, anniversa^ry 
feast, a sacred day. *. [travelling, journey. «. 

(j**bj iraro prabds, m. residing abroad, 

,_^b J \m\if\ prabdsi, one who resides 
"abroad, a foreigner, stranger, traveller. «. 
i^\ij>, V:J:qT^ pur-bdsl, the inhabitants of a 
"city or town. ». 

J^. U^ll^ prabil, m. coral. «. 
ciW^- p(^^bdm, f. a species of tax assessed on 
" the cultivators of the loil. a. 
iX^ji UVI^ prabdh, m. tide, stream. «. 
C1aJ> J Trfw parbat, m. a mountain, s. 
fjijl '^^Ci(i parbatl, m. a mountaineer, a high- 
lander, s. 
^j\.V^l(\ parbatt, f. la production of 

ul>.) H^ffftlT parbatiyd, m. J the hills j a 

kind of pumpkin, t. 

Jfc^iOj^. T(^ prabuddka, wise, learned. «. 
j&,^> TR'g?r par-brahm, m. the supreme 

being, s. 

iT^jl VJ:!^ par-bas, dependent, precarious, 

depending on the will of another. *. 

f^j!. MV<T<4^ par-basi, f. dependence, s. 

Jj.) Tf^^ par-bal or TR^pra-bal, predomi- 
nant, superior, prevalent, violent, s. 

':^ J Xfjyr^ par-bald or T(S(^ prabald, predo- 
minant, &c. (v. par-bal). s. [periority. $. 

^j>, Tf^^Td prabalatd, f. predominance, su- 

^tiJJ>.5 TfW^ prabandhf m. a kind of song; 
style, composition (of a discourse) ; continuous appli- 
cation, uninterruptedness ; a connected discussion or 
narrative ; prabandh-kalpna, f. a fiction, a work of imagi- 
nation, s. 

ii^j>. Tf^tH prabodh, m. vigilance, wakeful- 
ness ; understanding, wisdom ; consciousness, awaking; 
demonstration consolation, persuasion. #. 



UfctJ^) ir^^f>nn prdbodhita, f. a species of the 

Atijagati melre. s. 

[j^i^^jl inrtiR prabodhan, m. awakening, 

arousing ; instructing ; persuasion, prejudice. *. 

^jl WT7?ra6/ta, f. splendour; light, s. 
Cm>\^j^, WTTT prahhat, m. dawn, morning, s. 
\J)^j>. TWnft prahhatt, sung in a tune (or 

raglnl), peculiar to morning. *. 

L>*»^4ir^- 1'*TTO prabhas, m. a place of pil- 
grimage in til e west of India, t. 
\Ji»\^j>^ "^fxvnm paribhdshd, f. a technical 

term ; the interpretation of a grammatical rule of 
Pauini ; (in medicine) prognosis ; abuse, ridicule, s. 

r^jl 'MT«R; prabha-kar, m. the sun ; the 

moon ; lit. the light maker. *. 

iS^y^jl TfmwtZ prabha-kit, f. the fire-fly. s. 

cL/l^J^. TRHPT par-bhag, m. excellence, su- 
periority ; good fortune ; residue, remainder, s. 
{;)^j\ JMT»T prabhan, m. light, radiance, s. 
(^^l^ »> IHIM'H prabhanjan, m. a tree {Hy- 

peranthera morunga). s, 

jl^^. HHT? prabhaw, m. power, strength, 

influence.prosperity, felicity; m^esty, dignity; spirit. «. 

3^ A- ^f*;»?r<l pari-bha,o, ra. disrespect, con- 
tempt, disgrace, t, 
'-**4{^- ^'^ pi'dbhut, m. 1 ability, govern- 
^^ji ^'5''^ parbhuta, f. J ment, liberty, 

option, superiority, influence, legislation. *. 

C^j^jl ^"^ par-bhrii, cherished or nou- 
rished by a stranger, fostered, adopted; m. the Indian 
cuckoo, which is supposed to leave its egga in the nest 
of the crow to be hatched, s. 

C^j^jl H*jfif prabhriti, f. manner, kind ; 
et cetera, others, rest (in comp.). *. 

fU^jl "Tft^T paribhram, m. wandering, go- 
ing about, error, s. [graded, deprived of. *. 

^.^Lmmj^J)^ "^fWF paribhrasht, fallen, de- 

i^j^, V?^ prabhaw, born, produced ; su- 
perior, powerful; the operative cause or immediate 
origin of being. «. 

S^jl ll^» W^j)rabhu, m. commander, lord, 
master, principal; adj. strong, able, eternal, s. 

)^jl ^tITH^ paribhav, m. disrespect, dis- 
grace, s. [voted, s. 

CL*^^ji. WWmprabhu-bhakt, faithful, de- 

^^^jl '^f'O^ paribhog, m.possession,enjoy- 
raent. s. [enemy's country. ». 

*^^> Tii)|fH par-bhumi, f. a foreign or an 
SS:^jyi^prabhed,m. kind, sort, difference, s. 
[j^ji V[^ prabes, m. admittance, access, s. 
^^^^y., M^\\\ prabesi, penetrating, entering. 5. 

UiJ^^. i^«il*!J prabln, knowing, intelligent, ac- 
complished, skilful, t. 

182 ) ^j> 

^^*^fl Vft^mn prabinata^ f. knowledge, 

skill. .1. 

<— -^^ ^/>ar/?, m. a wheel chair. $. 

ij^^^j!.. '^ftCTT^ paripafi, f. order, method, 
"arrangement, arithmetic. «. 

^^Ij^., ^r<Micir/;/r?/jaA, ni. maturity, perfec- 
tion ; cleverness ; digestion. $. 

(J^l^. Vfiy^fw^ paripakirii, f. a drug {Conr 

" volvulus tuijiet/iiott). s. 

*— »^"^^. ^ft^lPciJrf paripdlit, protected, che- 
rished, s. [cheriBhing. i. 
iiT-iJ^.- ^^^^JT paripdlan, m. protecting, 
*V*^^. ufpri IH^ prapitdmaha, m. a paternal 

great-grandfather. ». 

^j^^lj>^. IffMfllHi^l prapitdmaht, f. a pater* 

"nal great grand-mother. ». 

tiLo^) T?§37Ja/'7>a/, m.a medicinal plant with 

bitter leay es{Oldenlandia b\flora or Gardenia latifoiia), i, 

Ajii'JL>:>jl'fltlZ'^Mpai-pat-dru7H, m. bdellium. $. 
(^,jl^^Z\ parpati, f. a thin crisp cake made 

"of any pulse, i. 

i^..j>, MiM<^ par-pac/, m.eminence, high station ; 

final felicity, s. 

^l/v/J- Mmi.!*!! parpardnd, n. to smart, k. 
'*^^\;l.jl. M^.Mi.1^^ parpardkat, f. acrimony, 
smarting, h. [or dependants of another. «. 

8p;N^. ^^MPcil^ par-parigrahf m. the family 

cLw> .> VJS(2 par-puskt, m. the Kokila or 

Indian cuckoo. $. [a parasite plant, i. 

^-J^. t^. 'TnreT par-pushtd, f. a harlot, a whore ; 

yCl)^. qf^qtohM paripushkard, f. a sort of 
cucumber {Cucumis madraspataxuu). s. 

S^x^.j^. MPmSli paripakn-a, cooked, mature ; 

shrewd ; digested. paripakwatS, f. maturity ; perfec- 
tion ; shrewdness ; digestion, t, 

Cl^^ja^.j), ITT^SlftnT prapaldyit, routed, de- 
feated, s. \joixig away, s, 
i^'^j^:- UMcjSilMH prapaldyan, m. flight, run- 

uT^-^cJv MM(j&l^ prapaldyi, m. a fugitive, 
"one who deserts his cause, s, 
CLA>j>Xfft^j( pariplut, immersed, inundated, 
bathed, s. [inandation. t. 

^jl'mfi:Sf^pariplav,m. bathing, immersing, 
^,jl Tnm prapunnd,f. a sort of grass (.flerfy- 

sarum alhaji). s. {Cassia tora). $. 

'f^,.j\. UM«lIf prapundr, m. a sort of caseia 
,_y4ii>^>. Mrms^jl paripantht, m. an enemy, 

"a robber, a bandit, s. 

^lj\ inn^r prapanch or MiMM parpanch, m. 

fraud, cheat, imposition, deceit, treachery, art, artifice | 
opposition ; prolixity, copiousness in style ; error, 
lusion. *. 

<J1.**H^ imfwi prapaftchit, erring, mistaken; 
deceived, beguiled ; declared fully, treated at length, s. 

^,,g^Ji'^^^f^ prapanchi or '»KM*d"l parpancht, 

insiaious, fraudulent, artful, s. 

^y^jj!. ^<^K\parpota, m. a great-grandson, h. 

i3^v:^- ^^^pdrpofi, f. a great-granddaugh- 
** ter. h. 
j>y_V. UMt ■* prapautra, m. a great-grandson. 

prapautri, f. a great-granddaughter. *. 

Ci*?-^^. irfr^ftnT paripujit, served, wor- 
shipped, adored, s. [adoring, s. 
Ci^^i^v ^ ^*-1'* '^ paripujan, m. worshipping, 
v-H-'v W^f^-'hl prapurika, f. a prickly night- 

Bhade (Solanum jacquini). s. [fuL t. 

cy^Jv '^*-'J^ prapurna or parpuran, brim- 
Mj^ v. ^ifiCJ^ paripurna, full, complete, 

content. paripurnatS, f completion, satiety. ». 

tibjii^) ,> irft^S^^Nlf prapaundarik, m. a 

email herbaceous plant, used in medicine, and as a per- 
fume, commonly called punderya. s. 

^y^vjl ira^ praphull, blown, as a flower; 

smiling, glad; shining, praphull-nayan, having full 
or sparkling eyes. praphuU-vadan, having a cheerful 
smiling countenance, t. 

d'»^.T^. DMif^ri praphullit, blossoming, in 

blossom ; gay, lively, cheerful, s. 

0^i^.j>. m.^3 parpaith, m. a duplicate (of 

a bill of exchange), h. 
J>*> ->, T^f^q^ paripel, m. a fragrant grass 

{Cyperus rotundus). s. [a stratum, h. 

Oj> TTOT parat, m. a fold, ply, layer, crust, 

Oy.TlfiT prati, Sansk. prep, (used in connp.) 

it generally denotes repetition, continuity, retaliation, 
or retribution. *. 

I5j> TTnnjsar^a.ra.areel (for windingthread).A. 

\ij>. Miill parta, agreeable to, conformable 

•with, purta, fully, completely, s. 
«_^\5jJ partah, m. the range of a musket, 

arrow, &c. p. 

u->\3^. inrnT P'«<ap, m. splendour; courage, 

glory, potency, prosperity, felicity. *. 
u->\5p. Mfirl ra paritap, m. pain, anguish ; a 

division of hell, s, 

i«*>l5j.>. inrnrH pratapas, m. the gigantic as- 

clepias with white flowers. *. 
j^>l5 J nrilMH pratapan, m. a hell. s. 

jj^jU->\5j^. QrilV^M pratap-wan, 'I glorious, 
i^j!. Uriml prat apt, J potent.*. 


Ojliv. innfTlT pratarit, cheated, deceived, s. 
(^.\j\> ||HK«li pratarak, m. a cheat. «• 

183 ) ^j^ 

ijj^j!, Mn \im pra-taran, m. 1 fraud, cheating, 
^j^J>, HMmi pra-tarna, f. J deceit. «. 

{jOji^ 'm:"ffTQ5 partal, also partdl-jarib, re- 
measurement of a field. «.J>. 

jj\3^. 3nn*T pratan, m. a disease, fainting, 

epilepsy, s. 

ii_jujj^. uTri r«f H pra tibimb, also pratibimbh,m. 

an image or picture, the reflection of an image or figure 
from a mirror, s. [prohibition, obstacle, s. 

Sjjoij. Hfri^'»V pratibandh, m. interruption, 

uiJj&iiJjJ^. I?rd's|*yoh" pratibandhak, one who 

forbids, impedes, or interrupts ; m. an impediment, ». 

y^j!. lrfVr>Tr pratibha, f. understanding, in- 
tellect; sharpness; light, splendour, s, 
jl^jJJ nfriMIcf pratibha,o, m. corresponding 

character or disposition. *. [vided. s. 

(^>^A Tlfirfil^ pratibkinn, separated, di- 
j^Cv. nfTlvr pratibhu, m. a surety, s. 

(^i'v, TjfiliTO pratibhai, formidable, fear- 

"ful; m. fear. s. 

^^■^j^^J nfriHt^H pj'atibhedan, m. piercing, 

penetratmg; dividing, t. 

^(JLJj irfrnn^*T pratipadan, m. gift ; ascer- 
taining, determining. *. 

JI.OJ Trfinn^ pratipal, m. patronising, tui- 
tion, fostering, rearing, breeding, cherishing, s. 

{jtX)y^jl llfinn^J«li pratipalak, m. cherisher, 

patron, s. [rishing, &c. (v. pratipal). «. 

^lx)J. uffTTToSfT pratipalan, m. act of che- 
IjJlOjJ TlfinnQ5«n pratipalna, a. to foster, 

cherish, rear. s. 

el/t'v. TrfinnT pratipat, f. the first day of 

a lunar fortnight ; rank, consequence. ». 

el't'v . JrfinjfW pratipatti, f.fame, reputation; 

knowledge, ascertainment. «. 

liwO^. nfrPT^ pratipad, f. the first day of a 
lunar fortnight ; adv. step by step, continually, s. 

yMj3j>, Tlfinra^ pratiprasav, m. precept for 
an act which, under other circumstances, ia forbidden. *. 

(^ jj\^. nfri U^q pratipurush, adv. every 

man, man by man. ». 

^^J>^ g friMsC pratipann, known, certain, s. 
clLs-^^. irfir^[W«F pratipujak, m. a reverer, 

one who does homage. ». 

^^^^. ITfiTT2»nT ptitripujan, m. exchange 

of civUities, mutual reverence; oflfering homage. ». 
^y^j(,T(fjftf^ pratiphal, m. return, requital, 
retaliation, s. [melody. «. 

JljOj^. Hfinn^ pratital, m. a kind of air or 
\y^j>^. Ilf?rftT|T pratijihva, f. the uvula, or 

soft palate. * 


( 184 ) 


i^y^Ji^ HrimT^tT pratijtvan, m. resuscita- 
tion. (. [repeatedly, meditating, s. 
^JjJ>^J Trfwf^»?nT pratichintan, m. thinking 

,^* J MiHtJ partachh, obvious, present, ap- 
parent, public ; adv. before, in the presence. *. 

bl^5?^ irffl^mi pratichhaya, f. an image, 
a statue, a pictur& ». 

f^^A Hrrtt^H pratidan, m. the return of 
a deposit ; barter ; giving back, or in return for. i. 

\mSSj>, irffin^^n pratidisha, adv. every where* 

all around, s. 

^liJo irfflRw pratidin, day after day, daily, s. 

^^^(VV TTftrtsnTT pratidhwan, m. 1 echo,reso- 

iii^'^Jv TrffrSorf»T pratidhwani, f. J nance, s. 

j3l^. HfilTni pratiratra, m. every night, s. 

^j\j5 J "ilft^TO pa}'itran, no. preserving, pro- 
tecting, s. [ing. s. 
^^^-l^jiv WfiTtTgiU pratirakshan, m. preserv- 

L-^.jjJ Tffk^xi pratirup, m. a picture, an 
image, s. [impediment, s. 

Jb^i. yj irflT^ pratirodh, ni. opposition, 
udJlfc>j.i J TlfHTt^J op prahVoiAa A, Ini. a thief, 
^fciij .'V, "HfcTTtvt pratirodhi, J a robber. 5. 

\jBii jl-Jj TlfiTFIST praiuparddha, f. emula- 
tion, rivalry, s. [emulous; refractory, s, 
JbiiJk*-J^. HfrfWS^ praiisparddhl, envious, 

l3j>,THfKm.prutimr, m. cicatrizing; a form 

of incantation; a string worn round the hand at 

nuptials, s. 

\lSj^j>^ "irfinff^ pratisarg, ra. the portion of 

a Puran, which treats of the destruction and renova- 
tion of the world ; secondary creation by agents of one 
Supreme Being, s. 

ioU^'jy. irfw^I^ pratisyaya, ra. catarrh, s. 
'.^jJiSji^'^ft^ paritusht, pleased, delighted, s. 
f^*t*-^> llfHS pratishth, famous, s. 

V^jLii) J irfifSI pratisktha, f. consecration of 

a monument erected in honour of a deity, or of the 
image of a deity ; celebrity, renown ; endowment of 
a temple; portioning a daughter; a form of metre, 
consisting of a stanza of four lines of four syllables 
each. «. 

jjV^jLi!)^. Tlfi(5T«T pratishthan, m. site, situa- 
tion ; the capital of the early kings of the lunar dy- 
nasty, opposite to Allahabad ; the capital of Salivahan 
in the Dakhin. «. 

C^l.':3j>^ irfrifVif pratuhthit, famous, cele- 
brated; consecrated; endowed; situated, established. «. 

,j6tiJL)y. J^fllf^^ pratis}dddha,iorh\Men, pro- 
hibited, s. [or doubt, s. 

D>A.^.V nffT^njT pratishanka, f. constant fear 

-io^ Hfinnn pvatisUya, f. catarrh, s. 

.^iidi-iJ^. UfiTq^f pratishedh, prohibition, ex- 
ception, contradiction, s. 
y^Jif TrfircirR. pratihar, m. revenge, reta- 
liation; remedying, counteracting, s. 

yif^J), irfffoE^T pratiharma, m. retaliation, 
requital ; remedy, redress. *. 

^.J^J>, Ufiff^TT pratikriya, f. return, re- 
quital ; remedying, counteracting. 1. 

^jtSSji^ RfrtHfl!! pratiJtshan, adv. momen- 
tarily, every moment, t. 

uy^j^. HfrlolK^' pratikul, contrary, adverse, 
inverted ; contradictory, perverae. t, 

bJ^^y. Hfrio^f^fn pratiktilata, f. opposition, 

hostility, s. [verberating. t, 

^^jC3j TrfirT^ff pratigarjan, echoing, re- 

^j^j^,. ftfiT^ pratigrah, m. proper dona- 
tion to Brahmans ; the acceptance of such a gii^ t. 

Ol^jy. HfffTiTTT pratighat, m. a return 
blow, rebound ; warding off a blow; preventing, t. 

^Ji\^ij>^ irfifUfffrf pratighatan, m. killing, 
sl.aughter. s. [tile, opposed to. «. 

jjl^'iy, Ufifindrt pratighdti, repelling, hos- 

^-ii^^j!, irftrSTT pratigya or pratignya, f. an 
agreement, compact, stipulation, engagement, promise ; 
(in logic) the proposition, the assertion to be proved. 
pratigya-patrak, m. a bond, a written contract, s. 

Cm>\if^j^ Tffir^jjt pratigyat, promised, agreed, 

admitted, asserted, s. 

(J^. 'm>riQ5 partal, ra. f. the baggage of a 

horseman, carried all on one bullock or fattu (a pony). 
partal ha tatifi, a pack-horse, a bat-horse, h. 

^yiJl'^l^^ pf^atal, m. one of the seven divi- 
sions of the lower regions, s. 
'^j^. "^RfTon partala, m. a sword-belt. h. 

^^Joiiy. Trfffi^rw pratilamhh, m. censure, re- 
viling, abuse, s. 

M^^ji, TrfffoftT prntilom, left, not right ; re- 
verse, inverted ; low, vile, base. ». 

^Jif pirtam, the earth, the world, d. 
^ji, m.AH partam, greatest, supreme. «. 

U^ IlfriHI pratirria, f. likeness, image, sta- 
tue, picture, p. [monthly. •. 
i^j»»\^j>^^ HffRT^ pratimds, every month, 
^J^J>. TTfrnri'T praiiman, m. resemblance, 

image, picture, s. [of rot. <. 

oJj^^. TrfK**f^«l«T pratimushika, f. a kind 

UiV. ^J^TrfT pritna, f. an army; a division 

consisting of 243 elephants, as many chariots. 729 
horses, and 1215 foot. s. 

(jlijj; J(fT(t{[^pra tinad, m. echo, resonance, g. 

( 185 ) 


^i^j>, Mfrtfrlfv pratinidhi, m. a resem- 
blance, image ; a suretj ; a substitute. »-. 
{^J-^A Hffffrf^ jvatinish, by night, every 

night, s. 

^j>, partau or partav, m. light, the sun- 
beams, rays of light, enlightenment, p. CP^J- *• 

_^ J^, TTfiRl^ prativdck, f. an answer, a re- 

^_5•4i^yJ llfTT^T^t prativadi, xa.. a defendant, 
a respondent, s. [neighbouring, s. 

^**»\y^, ufHTT^ prativast, a neighbour, 

ejf\^j>^ Hfir^^ns? prativakya, in. a reply, an 

answer, s. [echo, s 

[^^Jtf Tff^^^m prativachan, m. a reply, an 

(jij3^, xjfi^iftit paritosh, m. pleasure, de- 
light, s. KBetula). s. 

^yjl Ufrffefm prativisha, f. a plant 

t-*«y»> Tlf?ff^^ra<ivim&, m. a resemblance, 
image, shadow, s, 

i3yjv ^'W^ pratunt, f. pain shooting from 

~ the rectum along the bowels, t. 

eOJ xrftill parita, around, all round, s. 
#A^?. 'W^ prithu, m. the fifth monarch of the 

solar dynasty in the second age ; the name of an an- 
cient raja, son of Fena, rajiV of Bettur. He was mar- 
ried to a form of the goddess Lakshmi, taught men to 
cultivate the earth, &c. &c. ; f a pungent seed {Nigella 
Indica) ; a medicinal substance commonly called 
Hingupatri. s. [morial custom, s. 

\^j>, ITTF pratha, f. fame, celebrity ; imme- 

^jwlJj llfrl^lH praiihds, m. a shrub. {Ne- 
rium odorum). s. [declared, t 

d'(^[jl Uftnf prathit, famous, celebrated ; 

Cl.>>^^^Ttl^^Jlfi(prathiti,t celebrity, notoriety, s. 

l!^;M irftT^TT pratihat, disappointed, op- 
posed, obstructed ; overthrown, t. 

d^j>^ Hfrt^fjl pratihati, f. disappointment, s, 

vii^'j; innii prathuk, m. the young of any 

animal, s. 

LiX^J innir prathak or ^vjoR prithak, sepa- 
rate, apart, prithak-parni, f. a plant (Hemiunites cor- 
d\folia). prithak-twa, m. individuality, separateness. 
prithafc-twachd, f. a plant, commonly called Marva 
(Sanseviera zeylaiiicd). prithakkrit, separated, sun- 
dered, prithak-karan, m. separating, distinguishing, s. 

U5T»-L^»? ^y\i\\^\ jrrithog-atvia, individual- 
ised spirit, or that of an individual as detached from 
the universal spirit, prithag-gun, having distinct pro- 
perties, prithag-vidh, various, diversified, s. 

^a5-> H^m pratham, first, in the first place. 

pratham-sahas, the first or lowest degree of punish- 
ment. «. 

ic*^jl IffVlMl, 041.V4*fl, T^^^ffi prathmi,pirtharm, 

"or pritham, f the world, earth, ground. «. 

\j*^J nfiir^^n pratihinsd, f. retaliation, re- 
venge. * 

jiSj^^^. "iVf^l. prithudar, large-bellied, corpu- 
lent; ra. a ram. s. 

i^^J>.'V^ prithwl or f^^iprithivif f. the 

earth, prithivl-tal, m. the surface of the ground. 
prithwi, f. a pungent seed {Nigella Indica) ; a medi- 
cinal substance and condiment, Hingupatri. s. 

J^^_f^Ji^ TT^^n, prifh'Wi-bhar, m. a species 

of the attjasti metre, s. 

{^^.-iJi^j!, ■'jftn^Tr^y prithivi-pdl, l m. a 

<-Lo.(_^^i^. ^f^cfhrfif prithivi-pati, fking, a 

^\j^j^ji^_ ^^'^fti^V^ prithivi-ndth,) sove- 
reign ; lit. cherisher or lord of the earth, s, 

{^^A ^^ prithi or pirthi, the earth, s. 

u^.i_^jl MmThT^ 2}rithl-2Jdl, ^ king, sove- 

'^^cf^in Y'T^'IT^ prithi-ndtk,} reign ; lit. 
cherisher or lord of the earth. ». [ground, h. 

f^Xj> "^TCrft parti, f. waste or uncultivated 

cL«jS>iljJj inmf^ pratyddisht, removed, 
set aside ; informed, warned ; declared, s. 

jj«Ji,;iljJ^. H ii| 1^ ^f pratyadesh, m. information, 

apprising, warning, declaration, s. 

Ij2»U!L> Kim ^11 pratydshd, f. hope, expecta- 
tion, desire, pratydsht, hoping. *. 
4i/U3^. "qfcWTT paritydg, m. abandonment, 

quitting, parity agi, adj. abandoning, s. 
jUbUJj. TlJUl^XJ^pratydhdr, m. (in gram.) com- 
bination of two or more letters of the alphabet to form 
a class of letters, s, 

.oojJj TfTnrWKpratyupakdr, m. a return ot 

kindness or assistance, pratyupakdri, adj. returning 
a kindness, s. 

CLoo^. Hlfhr pratit or TTOf'hT partlt, famous, 

renowned ; f. faith, confidence, partit-k., to examine, 
to believe, to trust, s. 

CL>SSj!>^ TTirtfw pratiti, f. knowledge, under- 
standing; fame, notoriety, s. 
^iliSji^ ITTTFT^ pratyutpanna, reproduced, 

regenerated ; multiplied ; m. the product of a multi- 
plication, s. 

^j>.. TCTlWt.pratyuttar, m. a retort, or return 

of answer for answer. «. 

^^l^juo^. ITrcrrvn«T pratyutthdn, m. rising from 

a seat as a mark of respect s. 

^-^^) l|il1'<4l praticht, f. the west quarter. 

" pratlchln or pratlchya, western, t, 

^J^^^^J^'. H'^^TtT pratyudgaman, m. rising 

from a seat, going forth to meet any one. ». 
jrO^. flrt1i.^raiir, ra. a shore or bank. s. 
(^y-^t*^y>^V(7i(l^f{^pratyashman,va. red chalk.*. 
tiJuo^. Hi^oIi pratlkt contrary, adverse, re- 

Tened ; ra. a limb, a part. * 

^/, ( 

^•^^ji fliM«^ p'atyah, subsequent, uniform. 

pratyak-parni or liratydk-pushpi, f. a plant {jichyranthet 
aspera). piatyak-shrent, f. a plant, commonly called 
Dantl ; a plant {Salvinia cucullata). s. 

j'*^^. Mr^<^\K prattkar, m. revenge, retalia- 
tion; obviating, remedying, s. 

ClAAi^. TJ r<it(Tfi parity akt, void, deprived of; 

abandoned, s. [replj- »• 

•-^^-^^i^. Wrf^ pratyukti, f. a rejoinder, a 
^JiSsSji^^ TH^fl^pratyaksh, perceptible, evident, 

apparent, pratyaksh-darshan, m. an eye-witness. 
pratyaksh-praman, ocular or visible proof, s. 

wXao^. lTn1)S(i pratihsha, f. regard to, consi- 
deration, expectation, pratikshak, adj. expecting; 
looking at. pratikshan, m. looking to, considering; 
expecting, prallkshi, expecting, s. 

{^^^^y!. 'HW^ pratyaksKi, adj. seeing, per- 

"ceiving. pra^?/a^5/iF-/fn7, manifested, made visible, s. 

^J>. HW^t pratyaha or I1|(|^H pratyaham, 

every day, from day to day. *. 

lIaJjlV. 1|iM*H pratyant, bordering, conti- 
guous, m. the country of Mlechhas or savages, s. 

ilX!'X>j>. JfTTff praiyang, m. an organ of per- 
ception ; adv. on the body, or the limbs severally, s. 
Jijj^jl UiM villi, pratyanantar, adv. next in 
succession, s. 

\mJ'\^j\ 1|An«tl^ pratlvap, m. calcining or 

fluxing metals; throvtdng one substance into another, 
adding any thing to a medicine during or after decoc- 
tion ; a public calamity, a plague, s. 

^}^j>. Tn*mT pratyavdya, m. disappear- 
ance, non-production. «. 


iLfy}3y>^^ Hfrnftn pratiyog, m. opposition, 

contradiction ; co-operation, association, prati-yogita, 
f. mutual co-operation ; opposition, pratiyugi, m. an 
opponent ; a partner, an associate, s. [one. ». 

tiijuo^^ ITTqV pratyek, each, every, one by 

i_^j^, Wnr pratyay or pratyaya,m.he\iei, 

£aith, trust, confidence, pratyayit, trusted, confidential. 
pratyayl, trusting, believing, s. 

[J^^h^j^^ TTcrt^HTR pratiyamdn, adj. being 

believed or trusted. «. 

-y> "Ti^ parj, f. name of a musical mode or 

ragint ; a handle of a shield, parj-dar, basket-hilted 
(scimitar), s. 

[>-jl t?^T pa7'jd or H^ prajd, f. a subject, a 

tenant, a renter ; people ; progeny, praja-dharm, m. 
the duty of children or subjects, prajd-hit, good for 
children or subjects ; kind to them. *. 

188 ) 5je 

C**;^. 'Trftnr parjit, conquered, subdued, t. 

dr^j' ^<»T?I»T parjatan,\ 

* <..*.^.._ • f m- travelling. «. 

ij^A?^. 'IWTT parjatan,} ° 

(i??2/^. ^ r< 1 •! parijan, m . attendants, followers, 

C-«>)»»;;^ H»il^fiT prajd-pat or prajd-pati, m. 

a name of Brahma ; the epithet common to ten divine 
personages, who were first created by Brahma: a 

grince,lord of subjects; father; soa-in-law, daughter's 
usband; potter, s. [room. s. 

s^^^ji pa^jo-i^f f- custom, manner j place, 


"-^^^/v ^^^ pf^rjdnk, m. a bedstead, s. 
(j^j\ ^^*{\ parjanl, f. a sort of curcuma 

{Curcuma zanthorhizon). s. 

'"^y^j!, M<^m parjamat, m. quit-rent, tax. «. 
CL^^>j>, H »dl TqU nprajwalit, blazing, radiant. «. 

iO^?^. '^^1 parjyuya, m. order, arrange- 

ment, series ; manner, kind; opportunity ; a series of 
of synonyms for one term. «. 

(jXoOTix&7ri^a?^'?/a<a», m.wanderingabout, 

roaming. «. [dary. «. 

'J>. fJ^^ parjyant, m. limit, term, boun- 
n§^ parjyank, m. a bedstead, s. 

TJ*5M^1iT parjyavasdn, m. end, con- 
clusion, s. Insistence, j, 
{*)ii^j\. 1|ilf)4«1 prajivan, m. livelihood, sub- 
f^ji f^TfiC^ pirich, a saucer. A. 
^->^. 'T^joarc/m, f. (v. parichhd) trial,exami- 

nation ; m. demonstration, proof, t. 
VaO "tm^Jt^parchdrov Xn^prachdr, m. pub- 
lication, disclosure ; appearance ; custom, wiage ; con- 
duct ; currency, s. [an attendant *. 

ci)j\.s»- J Tifi.i'dii^cli parichdrak, m. a servant, 
Ul»--) IJ^fTT parchdnd, a. to introduce to a 

person, to engage in conversation, t, 

CocwJ par chat, mark, trace, effect, d. 
ClA-^y), Jifmt prachit,m. a species of metre. *- 
O. MPlf^rf parichit, known, acquaintea 


j>-j>. W^prachur, much, many. *. 
L:j>j!>ji/a:^UjX pracharit, pursued, practised 

(as an art), s. 

Ua-^sO ttPc^T^ paricharjyd, f. service, de- 
pendence ; veneration, worship, s. 

<.i)L>-.) xr%3ii purchak, f.deceit,trick,coaxing.A. 

lIaIsO. U^^Ti^ prachalat, prevailing, circu- 
lating, customary, prachalit, current, recf^nised (ai 
a law), prachalan, m. being customary or current, t. 

(^j>. parcham, a flag, streamer, vane, tassel, 

pennant, ensign, p. 

\1>^) Tni^tTT parachnd, n. to be tried, intro- 
duced, to be made acquainted, &c. a. 

Ja»-^. U^^ /^/-ac/tflnf^jexcessively hot or burn- 
ing; intolerable; wrathful, passionate, raging, mighty, 
predominant, prachand-murti. m. a tree (Tapia era- 
Una), t. 


187 ) 


^j\ "T^ parchau, m. examination, &c. (v. 

parcha). a. 

C^iijs-j) U^f^vr pra-chodU, prescribed, di- 
rected ; sent, pra-chodan, m. saying, enjoining, pre- 
scribing ; a rule, a law ; sending, directing. 

j35^^. U^f^ti'J pra-chodim, f. a prickly 

** night-shade {Solanum jacquini). *. 

i^y>'j>. ^Tf^'Tt parchunl, f. the act of selling 

flour, meal, &c. A. 

\^y>-jl Tj^ffRT parchuniya, m. a meal-mer- 

diant, a seller of flour, h. [cloth, -web. p. 

«>^jl parcha, m. fragment, scrap, bit, rag, 

^^jl ^f^ parchha, m. self-grown paddy ; a 
•pindle for winding thread on ; adj. cleared up (as the 
sky after rain), h. 

l^*-^. ^<aT prickchhd, f. asking, question, s. 
Ia>..) MfiTdLI parichchha, f. examination, s. 
^jl^^|0 1(^1 parchhdn, 1 f. image 

^^^y 1^.9-0 rj^}^ parchhdnrvdn, r (from 

^^/l^*-..). TT^T^* parchhdfln, J shade or 

ruction), shadow, shade. parchha.iA apnt se bhdgna, 
to be frightened at one's own shadow, s, 

C:^^^ J nfiS^K parichchhit, examined; pro- 
per name, grandson of Arjuna. t. 
tW^j!. M ^ ^ t parchhatti ov ^l^iift parchhatt, 
" f. a small thatch thrown over mud wallB. s. 
^1^:>~J> parchhafi, same as the last. d. 

S^s-^j!. ir55^ parchchhad, m. a wrapper, a 

cover, s. [defect in another, s. 

ji\^.»-.> xpcfar^f par-chhidra, m. a fault or 

uLl^>o TT^r^R prichchhak, m. an inquirer, 

an investigator. *, 

i^j^!>-AV^t:^prachchhann, covered, clothed; 

disguised, private, secret, concealed ; partial, not uni- 
versal ; ni. a private door, a lattice, a loop-hole, s, 

^^^^-f-;^. ^xd^^ prichchhan, m. asking, in- 
quiring. S^ 
U^^O Vli.t5HT parachhnd, a. to move a lamp 

or candle over the heads of a bride and bridegroom, to 
drive away evil spirits, propitiate good ones, &c ; to 
kindle (a fire), h. [dressing, inviting, s, 

U^.&0. IIqd.4ljl prachchhand, f. asking, ad- 

■^ii^^i ^f^^^ pari-chhed, m. segment, divi- 
sion ; section, chapter, s. 

jc-^y "'Ifftr^'T pari-chai, m. acquaintance, 

"intimacy, pari-cheya, adj. to be known as an ac- 
quaintance, s. [viated from. s. 

0->0 Htllri pra-chyutf fallen from, de- 

J-»>-.> xik^ prachel, m. a yellow, fragrant 

wood. s. [ful. p. a. 

.tSj»0 pur-kazar, full of caution, very care- 

^ji\i»-.> parkhdsk, m. war, battle, conflict; 
commotion, disturbance, tumult ; violence, ii\jury, op- 
praasion ; severe inquisition, p. 

^liJ pardd (for parda'), m. a veil, a screen, 

&c. ; adv. to-morrow, the day after to-morrow, p. 
C.^\i^j>. pardakkti f- patronising, p. 
i^fS'^'^^jt, parddkhtan (r. parddz), to finish, 

to accomplish ; (hence) to leave off", to have done. p. 
b\iV. ^^I^i pardddd, m. a great-grandfather 

by the father's side. A. 
^/(il^. TJ^T^ pardddi, a great-grandmother 

by the father's side- A. 
j^*V. M4s(^R par-ddr, f. another s wife, par- 

dar-gaman, m. adultery. ». 

j\(^j>,parddz, performing, finishing, &c.; (used 
in comp,) as kar-pardaz, efibcting the business, p. 

jj^tSy. H^TT praddn, m. gift, donation, s. 

\3\«>J parddnd, a. to conceal, to keep behind 
a screen (inelegant), p. 

\j^:ij>^ pradachhin^.,^ ^^^ ff- going 

\xiSjji^ pradakshina, j I round an 

object to which respect is intended, with the right 
hand always towards it (a religioiis or superstitious 
ceremony); circuit, circumambulation. This is pre- 
cisely the ceremony called deasail, practised formerly 
among the Highlanders, and alluded to by Scott in 
the " Chonicles of the Canongate." s. 

J JO. T^ pradar, m. a disease of women 

(menorrhagia). s. [another. (. 

^jjlO MV^^*^ par-droht, tyrannizing over 

i^ji^jl 11^^^ pradarshan, m. shewing; ex- 
plaining ; prophesying, pradarshak, m. a teacher, an 
expounder, a prophet. pradanHt, mentioned; ex- 
plained, prophesied, s. [perty. «. 

«Jijj:>J 1H.^*U par-dravya, m. another's pro- 
{^i^j>^. lH^^ prudish,'] f. intermediate point of 

Ci)«i;^. irf^ pradik, J the compass, or half 

quarter. $. 
U-ii (30 pradakshind v. pradachhind. 
^iij>^'VlK!SSmpar-dukhyra.i\\e pain of another.*. 

iSi!>j> pardagt, f. a modest, chaste woman, 
**one who confines herself to home. p. 
Lir*'^v pa7'dnman, (for V^S pradyumna) 
Kama (or Cupid), son oi Krishna, was married to Rati. t. 
fjdjl "fj^ jjarc?c?aw, m. wind downwards, 

letting wind. s. 

j^j^jl U^ril-C pnr-dwdr, m. a city gate. s. 
LpJ-b^.- "^^^ pradosh, m. evening, the fii-st 

part of the night ; fault, offence, defect. ». 

0**J-trv '^'^ par-dosh, m. another's fault, 

par-dosh-ktrthan, m. scandal, slander. ». 

«_$^v? '^ V ^ ^ ^par- dweshl, hostile, inimical.*. 
It^jl parda, m. a curtain, a screen ; the sail of 

a ship ; a musical tone or melody, a key or mode (in 
music) ; modesty, parda parda dekhnd, to pry or in- 
quire secretly into any matter, parda parda-k., to do 
a thing secretly or privately. parda,e bint, the cartilage 
that separates the nostrils, parda-poshi, the act ot 


( 188 ) 


concealing a blemish, parda chhopiS, to let fall a cur- 
tain ; to lay aside concealment, parda-dar, confiden- 
tla.. parda-dar, a betrayer of secrets, parda-dari, 
betraying of secrets, parda-rakhna, to give obscure 
hints, or relate a matter in such terms as only to be 
understood by part of the hearers, parda-fash, be- 
traying secrets, parda-k., to conceal, parda kisi ka 
phdpia or kkolna, to reveal the faults of another, parda- 
nishin, remaining behind the curtain, modest, parde 
mensurukh-k., spoken of a woman who secretly indulges 
in licentious practices. parda,e haft-rang, lit. the veil 
of seven colours, the world, worldly vicissitudes and 
vanities, p. [disc of the sun. s. 

i^iijl llftT^ paridhi, m. circumference; the 

i^y^'^j\. ITVrfT pardhan, or pradhan, m. na- 
ture, the natural state of any thing, or the cause of 
the material world ; the Supreme God ; chief, prin- 
cipal ; the first companion of a king, his minister, liis 
eunuch, or confidant; a courtier, a minister of state, 
a president, leader, chief pradlidn-ta, f. excellence, 
supremacy, pradhdn-dhdtu, ra. semen virile, pradhan- 
mantri, m. prime-minister, pradhanottam, eminent, 
illustrious, s. [clothes, s. 

j^U&I^. ■Rf<V|(c| paridhan, in. a lower garment, 
Aj^'^jl ''n;^ par-dharnif m. another's duty 

or business. *. 

{^^j\. 'TOI'T par-dhan, m. another's wealth. 

par-dhan-aswddan-sukh, m. feeding luxuriously at 
another's expense, s. 

^jui^i^ji, 1T£^ pradhwans, m. destruction, 

loss, pradhwansi, destroying, annihilating, s. 
L-jO.ii^. 1T^^ pradip, m. a lamp. s. 
^^py>_ TT^'Trf pradlpan, m. a mineral poison 

of a red colour and caustic nature, t. 

(j»0.;V. "TT:^^ pardes, m. a foreign country j 

adj. of another country, abroad, s. 
t^,^J^j V[^i^ par-desi, m. foreigner, a 

"stranger. *. 

(jfij'.ii.) H^^ pradesh, m. a place in gene- 
ral, a district ; a foreign country, abroad, i. 
\jy.iJ^. q^^ciril pui-devtd, f. the tutelary deity 

of a town. s. 

eO(>|) H^ pradeh, m. unguent, unction. ». 

jj J tTO5 par-ru, m. a potherb (Eclipta 
prostrata). s. 

ijj>, ]nirza, m. a scrap (generally applied to 

paper), piece, bit, rag, frippery, purxe hon&, to be 
severely wounded in battle, p. [dividual, t. 

(wj>. ''^^purus or purush, m. a man, an in- 
(^j*»y>. "^US paras, m. act of touching, a touch, s. 
;wJ purs, (in comp.) asking, inquiring, p. 

{wj>, '^^^ff parus, m. the knot or joint of a 
cane or reed. s. 

\jmj> pursa, ni. condolence, inquiring kindly 
into one's condition, p. 

L*>»>. TI^T pursa, of a man's height, the ex- 
tent of a man's rcich ythea extending the arms and 
fiugers (u fathom). «. 

^y^*t»ji^Tfm^prasad, m. favour, kindness, bless- 
ing, propitiousncss ; viand, victuals, food that has been 
offered to the deities ; leaving^ of a great man or spi- 
ritual guide, s. 

(jtoiiU**^, innV«T prasadhan, m. accomplish- 
ing, effecting, prasadhak, one who accomplishes. 
prasddhit, accomplished, completed, s. 

^^li>\**iJ> ilfT:?nv«Tj9ar««a(//tara,m. accomplish- 
ing; determining, s. [monly called «uic2At. i. 
j^iiL^J innv»1^ prasadhani, f. a diug com- 
j_^«il<j»^ H^ETI^ prasddi, offered to deities, s. 
y-**»j> KWl. prasdr, I m. spreading, ex- 

Uy^l irErn?!I^.'»'asa^'aw,J panding. prasaritf 

stretched, expanded, prasari, adj. spreading, expand- 
ing *. 

jL*0 par-sdl, last year (pdr-sdl)» p. 
aJLaO, pur-sdla, aged, full of years, p. 

^J'Miji^ pursdn {y. purs), asking, inquiring; 

(used in comp.) as aiwal-purtSa, inquiring after one's 
condition, p. 

j*f**j>., VnFft.pciraspar, mutually, reciprocally. 

parasparanumati, f. mutual concurrence or iiiisoilli 
parasparopakdri, an ally, an associate, i. 

iJLji^Xtjiji^ TfPSS prasphut, blown, expanded. «. 

iJL^t*»y> parast, (in comp.) adorer, worshippir; 

as, khudd-parast, a worshipper of God; but-paratt, aa 
idolater, worshipper of idols ; dtash-parast, a worship- 
per of fire, a guebre of the sect of Abraham, Zoroaster, 
or the Magi ; M^d-parast, a worshipper or admirer of 
himself, selfish or self-oonoeited. p. 

u->lL**^. T(^[P(prastab, m. mention, occasion, 

opportunity. ». 

uil^llui^, mii I r?T<* prastdbik, "1 su ggested by 

cd)jlJUM^ "Wk^y^r^i^prastdvik,) previous men- 
tion, well-timed, a-propoo, opportune, seasonable, t. 
j^'t^A parastdr, m. an adorer ; a slave, p, 

J\lJJiJi^^l^S^^ prastd,o, m. opportunity, season; 
eulo^um. s. [ment, introduction. $. 

\3jlju»0 KWnHI prasta,ond, f. comraence- 

CL/liMji, n^if prastut, celebrated, praised ; 

said, declared ; accomplished, done. i. 
y-***Jii 'WW. prastar, m. a stone ; a jewel. $. 

(jiX-O parastish, f. devotion, act of wor- 
shipping, p. 

»3\^ (jtlLw* J parastish-hhuna. m."l a place of 

»\^(ji,ju^. parastish-gdh, f. J worship, 

church, temple, mosque, p. 

SiXJuutO parastanda, a worshipper, p. 

,^ju»i J W^ prasth, expanding, spread ; m. a 

measure of quantity, 48 double handfiils ; table-land 
on the top of a mountain, prasth-pushp, m. a sort of 
tulsl, or basil, with small leaves, f. 

^l^JLo KVfiJRH prasthdpan, m. sending 
away, mission, prasthapit, sent, despatched. < 


( 189 

m. going forth, 


^^l^Ju«J. JU^M prasthan 

setting out, departure, s: 
j^,iJuL*0 parastidan, to worship, to adore, p. 

^iX*** J jff^prasiddfi a,ee\ehTa.ted,renowned ; 
adorned, ornamented, prasiddhi, f. fame, celebrity, s. 
jLyO Tmm prasraVi m. urine, s. 

Ay** A Mfl ' HH parisram or parishram, m. fa- 
tigue, weariness. «. 

t^j***r>. ^('i.V^*(\ parisrantl, active, laborious, s. 

(J:>*nji. pursish, f. inquiry, asking (generally 
means asking after health, &c). p. [shipping, s. 

.\C*»;> xn:SiR puraskar, m. honouring, wor- 

CLaWJ THIU prasakta, eternal, constant; 

obtained, attained ; attached to, devoted to ; adv. con- 
tinually, prasakti, f. adherence, attachment to. », 

^.3Jil«0 H'b*ir<<*l praskandika, f.'l purging, 

^ijjilu,^. H^^fTjprasAanrfan, m. J diar- 
rhoea, s, 

C^\-»*o.> trftjwnr parisamaptay finished, 
completed, parisamapti f. & parimmapan, m. entire, 
completion, s. [forgetting, s. 

Oy**>j TT^fiT prasmriti, f. forgetfulness, 
i)wjLv>*»t^. M<,*^"'?<5 parasmaipad, m. the transi- 
tive or active form of a verb (in Gram.). *. 
i^r*M]>. imsi prasan7i or prasanna or parsan, 

rejoiced, pleased ; gracious, kind, prasann hona, n. to 
acquiesce; to like, prasann-karna, to please, ;)ra- 
sannatd, f. favour, kindness, prasann-mukh or prasami- 
mukhi, smiling, agreeable looking. «. 

\ju*0 parasna, a. to worship, to adore, jt?. 
Uu*0 Mi^HI parasna, a. to touch, s. 
jrtyjjJs f^' .?. M<4<ti«* T pnr-sambandh,m. relation 

or connection with another, par-samhandht, related 
to another, belonging to another. «. [kindness, s. 

ljJu*»j^. Hfls(rt T prasannata, f. acquiescence ; 
LJu-j^. 1T?|W prasansa, f. praise, eulogy. «. 
UAia*»»y. qfiM^I parisankhya, f. complete 

enumeration, parisankhyat, enumerated, s. 

^^J^yJ^') Bfi^ prasang, m. association ; men- 
tion ; insertion, prasang na lagna, not to associate 
with. «■ 

. j ^ > > U^T^ prasav, m. the act of bearing a 
child, prasav-bandlian, m. the foot-stalk of a leaf or 
flower. «. 

.j*^. V:^prasu, f. a mother, .s. 

{^yjtJ TfWS prasut or m<«o parsut, m. a 

flower, fruit; the disease called fluor alhus or the 
whites; part, bom, produced, prasavat, bearing. 
prasuti, f. bringing forth, birth ; offspring. «. 

a woman who 
>- has borne a 

\iy*»ji^ HMdl prasutd, 

j3^*ttj> T^cnfi prasauti, 

l^yMjl inr^Fift prasavaniif J child ; a puer- 

peral woman. «. 

aIj^^. j3ar5i<ram (for Mi9|I.IH parashurama\ 

the first of the three Ramos, and the sixth incarnation 
or avatar of Vishnu. He was the son of Jamadagni, 
and was contemporary with Ddsharatha Rama. He is 
called Jamadagni, and the deity descended in this form 
to destroy the Kshatriyas (or Chhatris), who were be- 
come tyrannical. Rennkd, wife of Jamadagni, was 
interrupted in bringing water from the river by Kar- 
tavtrjarjuna, a prince of the Kshatriyas, who was 
sporting in the water with his thousand wives, for 
which Parashurama's father [Jamadagni) cursed him. 
The Kshatriya prince killed Jamadagni, and Jamadagni 
(the son of the latter) vowed not to leave a Kshatriya 
on the face of the earth. He is said to have extirpated 
them twenty-one times, the women with child each 
time producing a new race. They say there has been 
no Kshatriya since that period, those so called being 
of spurious breed (or Variiasankars). a. 

{^y^^. "''^ parson, the day before yesterday; 

the day after to-morrow, s. 
^jy<*^. TI^«T prasun, born, produced ; m. a 

flower, a bud ; fruit. *. [young, s. 

i^y**A Tf^m^ prasavl, adj. having or bearing 
&uO pursa, m. condolence, kind inquiry, p. 
^^if**j>,. M^Pfl^l parsiya, m. a reaping-hook, a 

sickle, h. 

^JJl»^\xMij>^ parsiyawshdn or parsiydmishdnj 

m. maiden-hair {Pteris lunulata). p. 
^ii>jj**o, pw'sidan, to ask, to inquire, p. 

^^J^XMJ trft^rtHrT paristman, m. boundary, 

extreme limit, a. 
lAa '"n:^ parash, ra. a kind of gem. «. 
cAri ^^^ purush, m. a man, a male human 

being ; God, the Supreme Being, punishd, ancestors. 
purushdrth, m. a human object, as the gratification of 
desire, discharge of duty, &c. ; adv. on account of man. 
purushddhikdr, m. manly office or duty, purushd- 
dham, m. an outcast. purushdsJn, m. a rakshas, a can- 
nibal, purushdyu, m. life of man. purttshtd, f. pu- 
rushtwa, m. manhood, manliness, valour, purush- 
dtveshl, m. purush-dweshint, f. misanthropic, purush- 
kdr, m. manly act, virility ; exertion, purush-matr, 
of the height of a man. purushottam, m. an excellent 
or superior man. purush-varjit, depopulated. *. 

i^j^.'^^^ parush, m. harsh and contumelious 

speech, abuse ; yellow Barleria ; a sort of tree (Xylo- 
earpus granatum). panish-bachan, m. parush-vdch, f. 
parushokti, f. harsh language, abuse, parushoktik, m. 
an abuser, s. [resembling a hatchet. *. 

lA;^. ^^'^ parashu, m." an offensive weapon 
l-^. tl^^J purushd, people of old, predeces- 
sors, ancients, s. [viling. s, 
(_->l/^. Tlft^nH parishap, m. cursing, re- 

tiLi»J 'TT^n^ parshdd or prashad, m. favour, 

kindness, food, &c. (y. prasSd). s. 

^j\J^j>^ U^'M'I^ purushdrth, m. that which is 

becoming a man, as valour, generosity, &c. t. 

i^**»l<So. 11^1144 «f prashdsan, m. governing, 

ruling, t. 

iL2o U^iiril prashdntf calmed, tranquil- 
Used, prashdnti, f. calm, tranquillity, prashantatmi, 
peaceful, composed in mind. $. 


«— «**V. TT^ (for UTT^) prashah, m. the act of 

bringing fortli (young), prashab-hona, n. to be deli- 
vered (of young), s. [discharged, paid. s. 

^ sJli J '^ft.i\'^ parishuddha, cleaned, purified ; 

jt^j^jl my\liH parashurdm, see f>)jy**A' *• 

iJL*A>j>, "Wg prisht, asked, inquired, s. 

U^> inn prashta, adj. asking, demanding ; 

a questioner. «. 

.^joio W prishth, m. the back, the rear. 

prishfh-drishii, m, a bear (from looking behind him), s. 

p^'^^IjI TTS prashth, a leader; prior, prece- 
ding ; chief, best, prashtht, the wife of a leader. *. 


ly^s^A mj^iA.'^ purashchhad, ra. a sort of 

grass {Saccharum cylindricum). s. 

CL^\jJ^j>. "tPc^tPH parishrant, wearied, ex- 
hausted, parishranti, f. fatigue, labour, t. 

fij^j!, ^T^IT parishraviy m. labour, toil, fa- 
tigue, parishramt, laborious, i. 

Cl>.*^M>y>, Jk\\\^ prashast, happy, well, right, 
good, excellent, prashasti, f. excellence, eminence, 
eulogy, s, 

jyMj>_ pur-shu'ur, wise ; most sagacious, p. a. 

.\i.iio. T|rc*3liR parishhar, m. splendour, de- 
coration , initiation, purification. ». 

CJ>jiJ^, TqifXTE^ parishkrit, adorned, em- 
bellished; purified by initiatory rites. parishkrit- 
bhumi, f. a ground prepared for a sacrifice, s. 

{^X**^.- ^$l*4*f prashaman, m. killing, slaugh- 
ter; pacifying, s. 
(^}*^A. 'TO prashn, m. a question, prashn- 

dull, f. a riddle, an enigma, s. 

ij>J'-i>:)^A- '^^'W^^ pruhniparnt, f. a plant 

{Hemionites cordifoUa ; Hedysarum lagopodioides). a. 

V-«JjSj^. ininBT prashama, f. praise, applause, 

flattery, s. 
^«mXmjJ iniT^'T prashaman, m. praising, eulo- 
gizing. prashaAsantya, to be praised, pr^seworthy, 
prashaAsit, praised, s. \_{Pistia stratioites). $. 

wJ^'**;^. yPSf^il prishnikOf f. an aquatic plant 

Aju^Jjio. tjficjrH^ft'I parishankantya, adj. to 

be doubted, to be apprehended, s. [stratioites). #. 

^jMijlTH^prashm, f. an aquatic plant {Pistia 

Jbi^y^J Xi Pi^h V parishodh, m. cleansing, pu- 
rifying ; discharging (a debt), s. [morrow, t. 
{^jM^J TTTTEn? par-shwas, the day after to- 

{^y**y>. ^fefftR parishosh, m. drying, evapo- 
ration, s. [pletion, s. 
^J!i.iJ!}iJ>'^fK^l^pari8hesh, m. remainder, cora- 

\^fOj>. pur-zarur, very necessary, most es- 
sential p. a. 
^j>_ xrsff prihha, f. a gramineous plant {Tri- 

t^onella comiculata). t. 

( 190 ) ^J>^ 

T^ji '"T^WT^par-hdj, ra. the business or afiaira 

of another, s. 

j_^o^ tri^ofiiwi^ par-kdji, attentive to the busi- 

"ness or interest of others, serving others, beneficent. $. 

jSj>^pur-hdr, thick, coarse, fat ; efficient, well 

executed, p. [compasses (v. pargdr). p. 

JzA pctrkdr, compasses, parhdri, done with 

jo^. M<^\\. prakdr, manner, method, kind, 

sort. (. 

<-?; Vv P^^^^'f'h f- thickness, coarseness, p. 
tj^'vi U'^lfT^ prakas or parkas, m. light, 

daylight ; adj. clear, apparent, t. 

j^^o^. prakdsi, m. a discoverer, s. 
O^o^. 1T«FT^ prakdsh, m. light, daylight, 

sunshine; expansion, diffusion, manifestation; adj. 
open, manifest, blovcn, expanded; famous, celebrated 
clear, apparent, prakdsahtd, f. manifestation, lumi- 
nousness. prakdshit, evident, manifest, promulgatea. 
prakashak, what irradiates, manifests ; an illuminatoi; 
prakaahmdn, splendid, radiant, prakdshan, m. illumi- 
nating, making manifest. ^raAoiAi, m. a discoverer. ». 

wo^ parkdla, m. a spark ; pane of glass, p. 
(j'*^. ^*.«in»i parhan, m. a trunnion, h, 

w\S^^ ^<<«i*ii parkdnd, a. to accustom, to 
habituate, h. [excellence, happiness. *. 

JOB^ HehKis prahdnd, m. the stem of a tree , 
^ vVv ^^^^ prakupit, enraged, incensed, s. 
^J^. ^r<.c|ivn parihathd, f. a tale, a story, t. 

tiio^. Uofi? prakat, displayed, manifest, pra- 
katit or prakatl-krit, manifested, made visible, t. 

t-iLo^. V^RZ parkat, m. a heron.' *. 

(^A ^'f^^ pfif'kkati, f. the waved-leaf fig tree 

" {Ficus infectiosd). t. 

Sj>. T(^fiK.prakar, m.aloe wood (agallochum).s. 
Oi»> H^Cri prahrit or prakriti, f. property, 

quality, nature ; the passive or material cause of the 
world ; a goddess, the personified will of the Supreme 
Being in the creation, identified with Maya ; a stanza 
of four lines, each line containing twenty-one sylla- 
bles ; temperament, predominance of one of the hu- 
mours, prakriti-taral, volatile, fickle, prakriti-stha, 
natural, innate, s. 

O/^. Tnpf prakrit, made, accomplished, s. 
{^$j>, iniR praharshf m. (in gram.) the 

effect of the prefix pra upon roota. «. 

cii*M»i-J IT^ prakrisht, chief, principal. 

prakristtfatwa, m. eminence. ». 
A^A VfdR prafo'am, m. proceeding, going, 

leisure, opportunity, s. 

l/c^O. "^ft!3^'^ parikramd, f. act of going round 

to the right, by way of adoration, circumambulalion, 
a superstitious ceremony (v. pradac^hina). s. 

(J jO. Hi|i<^ praharan, m. topic, subject ; 
paragraph, section; prologue, prelude) a book. «. 


( 191 ) 


[jSj^., ^ftspci jKirikray, m. redeeming, pur- 
chasing back. s. [signia. s. 
b jO. uf^PTT prakripa, f. bearing royal in- 
(^LlO. liVijIci&m prakshalan, m. cleaning, 

washing, prahshalit, washed, t. 

<Ji^JlSji_ yf^fHirf parikshitf a king, son of 

Abhimanyu, and grandson of Aijun. s. 

J!xLiA m.^M par-hshetr, m. another's field, 

another's body, another's wife. ». 

(j^uiO. IT^^^ prakshln, decayed, wasting, s. 
I," ^t-^ji yjft^Bf^fif parikalpit, made,\nvented. s. 

{J^j\ MflT^r pariklish, m. vexation, trouble. 
pariklisht, vexed, annoyed, t. 

e-A»0 Udkm prahamp, m. shaking, trem- 
bling. praJcampaman, adj. shaking, trembling vio- 
lently, prakampan, id.; m. a hell. ». 

^A M<«h*1l parakna, n. to be habituated, to 

acquire a habit ; to inspect, examine, prove, try. «. 
(^»0. TT^St^ prakop, m. irritation, provoca- 
tion, prakopit, irritated, prakopan, m. irritating, 
provoking p. 

^O TTTT^ parakh, f. examination, trial, proof, 

inspection, s. [human being, i. 

-4^. ^T^ purukh, m. a man (vir), a male 

^A- ^^ purukha or ig^ purkha, m. an 

old man. s. [fort, &c. *. 

14^^ ttPc?RT parikha, f. a moat surrounding a 

131^^ J <T i.<s»H I parkhana, a. to cause to exa- 
mine, try, prove, or inspect. «. 

iJ>3^^A m^^NH' t/>a?A^awawi,f. examination; 
assaying of coin, &c. «. 

^_j*l^O TR5aT^par/i/io,i, f. the price paid for 

examination, trial, proof, inspection ; the act of exa- 
mining i. 

j^^jl TrST.p7'akhar, very hot or acrid, s. 

Uk^j^. M4.l<4fil parahhna, a. to inspect, to exa- 
mine, to prove. ». 
le^^A ^^ purukhe or "^pitrkke, m. (pi. 

"of purkha), ancestry, ancestors. ». 

^ J Ti ^ ig ft parkhi, m, a banker who exa- 

" mines and proves money. ». 

OU4O U^TTiT prakhyat or MCt^^Min jtjan- 

;^/^I/5^ famous, celebrated, prakhyati or parikhyati, 
fame.n otoriety. ». 

m. an inspector, 
examiner, prover, 

especially of coins. 

O^ J gcfc^rS praklrti, f. fame, celebrity. 

prakirtit, declared, explained ; celebrated, s. 

r:?jfA- ^'rft^'^^P?^'*^*^"^^* ™* telling, talk- 
ing of, boasting, f- 

lame.n oioneiy. ». 

^^j>, VT^Vl parkhaiya,']^} 
Vjv^^. m.«^T parhhera, J 

{^^jfj!, lNt5§ prakirn, promulgated, pub- 
lished ; expanded ; m. a chauri, a cow-tail usea as a 
fan ; a chapter. <!. 

»JaS^. pur-klna, malicious, spiteful, p. 
i^j>. MC<*1^ parklya, belonging to another. 

parkiya, f. another's wife or mistress, s. 

'^^^Ji.. "^^W-S. pargachh, m. epidendron. h. 
jSj), pargar, f. a pair of compasses, p. 
^Sj^Jt. pargari, f. work done with compasses. p. 
,!&j-l^. UTT^ pragarh, much, excessive ; hard, 

difficult ; hard, firm ; m. pain, privation, penance, s. 

»\0. pargah, straw, rubbish, any thing 

worthless, p. 

t!L*0. T(^Z pragat or pargat, obvious, noto- 
rious, public, manifest, s. Qicity. «. 
TPTZin pragatata, f. visibility, pub- 

l WTZ^ pragatna, n. to appear, be made 

public, s. [assuming. *. 

i^j^j^, Hil^^ pragrahan, m. taking, seizing, 

,4flO. inr3T pragalbh, bold, ready, resolute, 

strong, pragalbhata, f. energy, boldness ; power, s. 

f^rSjlJPlPm pragaman, m.progress,advance. s. 
(OUO pargandt, j pi. of joar^awa (the last 

Ol:*^. parganajdtjj form may be called 

the pedantic or barbarous plural), iised in revenue 
documents, p. 

^\mA pargandtt, of or relating to baronies. 

parganafi-jam', the amount of the revenue received at 
the head office of the pargana from the several subdi- 
visions composing such pargana, after deducting the 
charges of collecting in each, parganati-kharch, 
charges of a district to be deducted from the gross 
revenue. parganatJ-nirkh, rates of valuation, &c. p. 

&i$J. pargana, m. an inferior division of a 

country (less than a ziC), nearly equalling a barony ; 
the largest division of land in a zaminddri. pargana 
ddr, m. the superior officer of a pargana; lord of the 
barony, pargana-war, according to district (settle- 
ment, &c.). 

•iJ. pur-go, talkative, loquacious, p. 

^.^^. inftTT pragopan, m. protection, pre- 
servation, s. [tongue. 4. 
^jf-^j)^, jmr-gOjt, f. loquacity, volubility of 

■.ii^^O. "RXR praghat or parghat, apparent, 

clear. *. 

i^^ji TntZ\ praghati or ^TTSR^ parghati, f. 

"a mould in which silver or gold is cast, previous to 
working it ; apparency, clearness, s. 

i-j^j>, V^ praghan, m. a sort of bean 

{Phaseolus mungo). s. 

U^. TTgi pragyd, f. a clever woman ; under 

standing, wisdom, pragydwdn, wise. *. 

OU^. ll^rni pragydt, known, understood, 
aotoriovM. « 


( 102 ) 


j^ljOj> IT^T<T pragyan, m. knowledge, wis* 

dom ; adj. wise, learned, t. 
\J>Sjt^ pa)-gti't, f. an ortolan (a species of 

Alauda). p. 

&-0. "JRf fragya, wise, learned. $. 

^. "T^ pfirld, of the other side. h. 

U-->^. H^snr pralap, m. unmeaning prattle ; 

discourse, s. 

^jj5 J TT^>T pralobh, m. desire, cupidity. 

pralobhan, m. allurement, attraction. «. 
^^^' Jo. TT^t7«T pralothan, m. rolling on the 

ground, tossing, pralofhit, adj. rolling, tossing. «. 
tiljJ^. tjTj^ytoif par-lok, heaven, paradise. 

par-lok-gam, m. death. *. 

^Jp. H^nr parlai (for pralaya), a general 

"destruction, such as at the flood or resurrection ; death, 
dissolution, fainting, syncope ; (met.) vexation, fatigue, 
oppression, languor, disgust, s. [besmears. *. 

i^^X^ji^T(^vi;Wpralepak, who or what anoints, 

1^ '^KJH param, best, first, supreme ; used in 

comp. as, pqramatma, m. the Supreme Being,the soul of 
the universe, paramadwait, m. pure unitananism. pa- 
ramarth, m. superior aim.the best end ; virtue ; spiritual 
knowledge; the best sense, paramarthl, seeking the 
best end, religious, paramagati, translation to heaven, 
beatitude, paramdnu, m. an atom, the lowest measure 
of weight, or time, paramann, m. an oblation of rice 
to progenitors, param-anand. supreme pleasure, chief 
object of refuge, param-gati, f. eternal felicity, para- 
mdyn, m. the longest period of life, param-raj, m. a 
supreme monarch, param-hans, an ascetic, a religious 
man who has subdued all his senses, s. 

t>j>,purum or prum, a lead and sounding-line 

used on board ship (the word is borrowed from the 
Portuguese ■prumo, plummet). pi-um-dalna, to heave 
the lead, h, 

\AJ^TXm prama, f. true knowledge; conscious- 
ness, perception, s. 

ik.^131/0 inrnrTTfi pramata-maha, m. a great- 
grandfather on the mother's side ; f. pramatamaht. s. 

iSl*^. WHT^praviad, m. inadvertence, careless- 
ness, error, pramadt, heedless, inconsiderate, a, 

r^\<y>. "Vi^J^ paramarth, m. the first pur- 
suit, tlie chief end, virtue, merit, s. rtnoiia. «. 

ij^J^ljl- ^^i^^^ paramarthl, religious, vir- 

^jU^> Hin^ praman or parman, m. cause, 

motive; limit; proof, attestation, verification, autho- 
rity, instance, example ; adj. actual, authentic, sub- 
stantial, real, parman-cliafhna, to rise to a high rank 
(the word is used sometimes as a man's name), pramd- 
ndhhdo, xn. absence of proof, pramdn-purush, m. an 
umpire, an arbitrator, pramdnt-karan, establishing or 
admitting as authority or proof, s. [proportion, i. 

^jU^. TiftiTTO pariman, m. dose, quantity j 
LdJlil*^. um^JSHmipramanik, proper, creditable ; 

reverend; m. chairman of an assembly; (in Bengal) 
a chief of a tribe among the inferior castes, pramd- 
nikd, f. a species of the anushfubh metre. *. 

J«^> ""TOR^ or 'mH'^^param j?arf,m.eminence, 
high station, heaven, beatitude, t. 

j^j>, ^nPf^parampar, traditionary, heredi- 
tary ; m. a great-great-grandson, s. 

}j^j^. "^TCWITT parampara, f. tradition ; com« 
munication from one to another in succession ; seriea 
succession ; race, lineage, paramparln, hereditary 
traditional, s. 

^J>^ "mMJt par-mat, m. a different opinion.*. 
^. ■^ftf'TiT parimit, measured, .egulated. 

parimitdhdr or parimit-bhuj, eatmg moderately, tern- 
perate. s. 

<.IlA*;^.'ITftni^rami<,known,understood, proved; 

measured, pramitdkshara, f. a species of the jagati 
metre, s. 

^4J»*;^. im^ pramatha, f. yellow myrobalan 

(Terminalia chebula). t. [abode of pain. $, 

j_Jl.^ju«^> ITT^n^ pramathalay, m. hell, or 

S/Oji^ Tp{^ pramad, mad, intoxicated, impas- 
sioned; m. joy, delight, praffuu/a, f. a woman, a band- 
some woman, s. 

li-iO Tfp[^pram,udorpramudit, pleased, glad, $. 
^Ijb^^*^^. t;'<HVm param-dham, m. paradise. $. 

<^^A TT"'^ pramuhh, chief, principal, best, 

first ; m. a chief, a sage ; a tree used for dyeing (Rott- 
leria tinctoria). pramukh-twa, m. superiority, predo- 

minance, s. 

(^^j{. HH'tI pramagn, immersed, drowned, s, 

jJ-O. "^ftjR^ parimal or TTTH^ parmal, fra- 
grant; m. trituration of perfumes, and the scent aris- 
ing from it ; parched grain oijo.dr or bajrd, q. v. (Hoi- 

cus sorgum and spicatus). s. 

^'^ji, "^ft^^TR parimldn, soiled, stained ; 

withered, impaired. $. 

^jtcj}^ pi7'vian,the yard of a sail (see ^jVj^). h. 
lij^. "TfrTr^ parimand, slow, dull. s. 
Jjo*^. ""rfCWP^ parimandal, m. a ball, a 

a globe, a circle, pariman^altd, f. rotimdity. i. 

{-^y^jl MH)'4«f pramochan, m. liberating, 
setting free, pramochani, a sort of cucumber, t. 

fcJyO W^ pramod, m. pleasure, delight, pra- 
modit or pramodi, happy, delighted ; delighting. $. 

iy6j> Vf^t^pramoh, m. fascination ; fainting, 
insensibility, s. 

(^y«j>. '^ft]^t^ parimohan, m. fascinating, 

beguiling, parimohi, m. parimohini, f. adj. fascinating; 
bewitching, t. 

jyLx<A mMyn^param-eshrvar, m. the first and 

supreme Lord, God, the Almighty. «. 

^<j J^TJR^ parmew,^m. a (venereaf) clap; 
e^j>. UW^ prameh, J a gleet, any urinary 

affection, t. 
^jj) rixy^ paran,f.a.\erj quick time in music. A. 
ii>H ^^ pran, m. promise, resolution, vow. $. 
j^liy parndnt, great-granSmother. h. 


( 193 ) 


^A ^^ parn or parna, m. a leaf, betel leaf j 

the paliis tree (Biifea frondosa). parn-walU, f. the 
same tree, pam-sliald, f. a hut of leaves, a hermitage. 
pam-lata. f. the betel plant, parn-nar, m. a man of 
leaves, an effigy stuffed with leaves, made to represent 
a person deceased whose body cannot be found, s, 

tjU^. TRTT^ pranad, m. a disease of the ear, 

a buzzing in the ear. s. 

(,^13;-. '^^\f^ pnrnasi , m. a sort of basil ( Oey- 

mum sanctum) witn small leaves. », 

(^^y>.. TJUn^I pranash, m. loss, destruction. 

praiiashl, destroying. 

JO^. TTlfTToS 01' THTT^ pranal, m.1 a conduit, 
«J^. ^?:»TT^ ^?c/rna/a, m. |- a gutter, 

jJ^^.TTOT^or UtTT^^ranaZi, f. J a drain, s. 

^\jj Xlf^HITH parinam, m. maturity, fulness, 

end, last stage ; sequel, result, parinam-darshi, who 
looks forward or to the end. *. 

JJA niUIH or inrn? prandm, aslo j?flr»aw,ni. 

salutation, bow, adoration. «. 

^^»^. "TC*TRT par-ndna, a great-grandfather 

(by the mother's side). «. [sance. ». 

OIj3.) TrftinTni pranipat, m. salutation, obei- 

^IlA^^. TTfliJVri<1 pranipatan, m. saluting, 

bowing. «. [obeisance. ». 

«-l*^. TRlfH" jsrawaf/, f. salutation, reverence, 

CL^iji, trCTST parantu, but, however, on the 

other hand ; afterwards, also. *. 

jJ^. Vj:^ parantra, subservient, dependent, s. 
tiJ^. parand, m. a bird, parand-ko-jdnd, to 

move with great rapidity, p. 

j<^J>, ^n^?r^ purandar, m. a sort of pepper 

'(Piper chavya). s. 

li^A paranda, flying ; a bird, parande kd 

par na mama kisijagah meA, is used to express a place 
quite inaccessible, p. 

^J^'^J>. UfilNIH pranidhdn, m. great effort, 

stress ; profound meditation ; access, entrance. *. 

JU-l/o^ J. M4§HI'<1I<$ parn-mdchdl, dq. the 

kamranga, an acid fruit {Averrhoa caramhola). ». 
^y>,TP!m pranav \m. the mystical 

ci)y^. ITdJcfcii' pranavak,) name of the 

deity, s. [a hermitage, s. 

J?^j{. "'HirfeiT parnotaj, m. a hut of leaves, 
. J^. pur-nur, illustrious, enlightened, p. 
flj Tfnpi pranai/, m. affection, regard ; ask- 

" ing, solicitation ; final emancipation ; trust, confidence ; 
reverence, obeisance, pranuyl, affectionate, kind, in- 
timate ; m. a husband or lover, s. 

jiy jp^prani, resolute, bold, determined. 5. 

jio purni, f. a ferule, a tube, a thimble; the 
" ramrod-pipes of a musket ; a bugle or oblong bead. d. 

(J^^. ^'nsff parnt, m. a tree (Butea frondosa) ; 

f. an aquajic plant {Pistia stratiotes) ; the leaf of the 
assafcetida(?). j. [patron, t. 

\i>j>. J^f^^ puraniyd, m. an old man ; a 
^JO^. ■JTlftrin, ^T^RT, xftftTUT puraniyd, pura- 

naiya, or purainiyd, m. name of a district and town 
in Bengal (vulg. Poorneah). h. 

j^bo^. parniydn, m. a kind of fine painted 

silk (from China) ; also garments made of the same. p. 

^j>. "^ parv, m. a festival, a holiday ; parv- 

kart, a Brahman who performs ceremonies for hire 
out of season, parv-gaml, a man who associates with 
his wife on festival daya. «. 

j^, 5^ pwrtf, m. name of the bixih monarch 

of the lunar line ; the farina of a flower ; f. the name of 
a river to the north-west of the Saraswati. «. 

ij^. parwd, f. care, concern, anxiety, vexa- 
tion ; inclination, affection, concupiscence, desire 
rest, quiet, kuchh parwd nahin, (vulg. kuch-parwd-nV , 
»o matter, it is of no consequence, p. 

.jji,X(^ purwd, f. an easterly wind. s. 

ij^. "TIt^ parirvd, f. the first day of the 

moon's increase or wane. s. 

•^IjJv ^"f^^ parivdd, m. abuse, reproach, 
accusation, parivddak orparivadi, an accuser, a plain 
tiff, a calumniator, s. 

j\jA "^fr^lt pariwdr, m. family, dependants. 
partM;or-<a,f. subjection, dependence, s. [position, s. 
Mj^jA. V^TTM pravdran, m. prohibition, op- 
(jSjlj J parwdri, fattened or fatted, p. 

J^3jv i^«^^""'^> fly'"g> fligbt. parrvdz-karnd, 

n. to fly. parwdz-kunan, flying, on the wing. p. 
(^^^jJ. Hft^ni parivds, m. abiding, abode, s. 

O**!^^- U^l^ pravds, m. a foreign country 
or residence, dwelling away from home, pravasat, a^j. 
absent, dwelling abroad, pravdsan, m. sojourning 
abroad, exile, s 

L^l? Jv P^^^^si, a foreigner, one from abroad; 
"one living away from home. *. [city. «. 

i^^jji JJMH:l1 pur-vdsl, adj. inhabiting a 

Jlj J tikr^ parrvdl, in. a disease of the eye- 
lids, in which the eyelashes fall, a stye or stithe. A. 
^\jji XTC^jt^ parrvdn, m. the yard (of a sail); 

parwan chharhna, to grow up (a phrase peculiar to 
women), h. 

lilj J TI^RT purwdnd (caus. of purdnd)^ to 

cause to be filled, h, 
»A->\j2lj J parrcdnajdt, m. (pi. of parrvdna), 

orders ; passes, licenses, p. [mission, p. 

c-^bji P<^f^^^^^> f" command, order, per- 
6J\mji_parwdna, m. a grant, or letter, under a 

great seal, from any man of power to a dependant ; aa 
order, a pass, a licence, leave, command, a precept, 
warrant ; a butterfly, a moth, parwana kisl kd honi, 
to be desperately in love with any one (an allusion to 
the moth and the candle), p, 



( 194 ; 


*bjv P^'f'^^^t f" (t^e same as parrva, q. v.), 

care, concern, &c. p. [overflowing. *. 

i^jjl ^fc^l^ parivahy m. an inundation, an 
i\jj>. inr^ pramhj m, stream, current of a 

river, s. 

Kjb\j J I|«(ir^c|iT pravahika, f. diarrhoea. 5. 

«-^^^Jj^- j'^^^^'*; o"6 w^o stands in need of, 
necessitated, wanting, having occasion for. p. 

\Lf\^^^j). TiftRTT pravihhag, m. division, a 
part. «. [titioned, shared. $. 

CjSi^^ji, uf^^ pravihhaht, divided, par- 
^Ji^j}>^^,^ji,V;t(^^ paropadesh, m. giving ad- 
vice, admonishing, s. [of others, beneficence. «. 
.K>jy. "n OlaliR paropahar, m. the helping 

^.K'jj^. t j^Ho Rt^ paropakdrl aiding others, 

beneficent, hospitable. «. 
Oj .?. "^^H par vat, m. a mountain, a hill. 

parvat-dshrmj or parvat-vasi, living in the mountains. 
parvat-kdk, m. a raven, parvath/a, mountainous ; 
m. a mountaineer, s. [of fish (Sllurus pahda). s. 

C^jjl ^f^lf parvit or '^^ panwt, m. a kind 

i\JSjjl'sftWT%protsah,m. effort, exertion ; sti- 
mulus, protsahit, instigated, stimulated, protsahak, 
m. instigator, protsahan, m. inciting, stimulating, s. 

jjj .i X(;^t(\ parautt, land which is kept out 

of cultivation for a short time, in order that the soil 
may recover its strength, h. 

VjJ. •> Xilrfrfm parvatiya, m. a kind of pump- 
kin. * [gence. 5. 
i^jy mO«I«1 parojan, m. purpose, use, exi- 
Ufciij ,5TJ^VTjt?Mro6?/m, m. the family priest, s. 
J jy. parwar, (in com p.) a patron, protector, 

nourisher, cherisher; educated, cherished, as gharlh 
parwar, clierisher of the poor, saya-parwar, educated 
in the sliade or at home ; soft, delicate, knowing little 
of the world, p. 

J • .) 'R^t; parmar, m. the name of a kind of 

gourd ( Trichosantiies dioica, Roxb,). «. 
j^j), tnr. pi^avar, m. offspring, race. s. 

. , .) Iff^ pravir, m. a yellow fragrant wood. 5. 

^.^^J»J\J^Ji'^fKW^^i^parivrajak,m. a religious 

mendicant. $. 

CL>>.mj>,Tm'W pravartta, engaged in, under- 
taking ; m. excitement, stimulus. ». 

C^j^JTm^pravHtta,^xe(\, determined; en- 
gaged in, occupied, prarriiti, f activity, occupation, 
active life ; perseverance ; addiction to ; tidings, in- 
telligence ; continuous flow, stream ; Ujjain, or any 
holy place ; (in arith.) the multiplier. «. 

^JiA ^'^^^^ parivritia, gone round, re- 
volved; exchanged, s. 
Ojj .^"Tft^^paHuflH^a, m. going or turning 

back, revolving ; exchange, requital ; the end of a 
period of four ages, destruction of the world, s. 

^^^Jjjl ^^^^ pravarttak, inciting, stimala- 

ting; m. an instigator, s. 

^J^jjji, fjfr.'^im parivrajya, f. the life of a 

religious mendicant. «. 

joJjjj^_ parmardagar, m. the cherisher; an 

epithet of the Deity, p. 

(^i^j^j>^parwardav,io cherish, rear, foster, p. 
^^jjj^, parwarda, bred, reared, brought up 

(used substantively) a slave, a proteg^. p. 

Ly*jjji parwarish, f. breeding, fostering, 
rearing, patronising, education, protection, p. 

f-^^jjj^, Tff^T^%W pravar-lalit, m. a spe- 
cies of the aiA^j metre. *. [riiher. p. 

StiJjjl^. parwaranda, cherishing, the che- 

(j*»jjj)y.M«^<<f?TpMrMrflua5,theson of Buddha, 

and second king of the lunar dynasty. $. 

{Jj^ji parwart, f. education ; m. one who 

educates ; (in comp.) cherishing, rearing, p. 

•^jsA- ^^. praurh, able, clever, full grown ; 
confident, bold, praurkl, f. enterprise, confident 
exertion ; investigation, praufhd, a woman from 30 
years of age to 55. praufhata, f. strength, firmnesB, 
breadth, s. [hood. t. 

0**J^- ^i^^ paros, m. vicinity, neighbour- 
^Jjv ^^^ parosa, m. a dish which is sent 

to a friend, s. 

jXArtjJ parwastl, f. cherishing, patronising : 
•* especially applied to the cherishing of old servants 
past work ; care, protection, favour (probably a cor- 
ruption of the Persian word parwarish). d. 

U***3A *'*'^'' pravasan, m. going or dwell- 
ing abroad «. 

\l*Mjj>^ vfOvHI parosna, a. to take up dinner, 
to distribute, serve up, to divide, s. 

JbJa**>jj3 "ql^P-W parv-sandhi, ra. the full 

and change of the moon. *. 

Ly**Jjv ''^^'^ pa7'osi, m. a neighbour, h. 

buttj^. V<t^i(l parosaiya, m. a distributor of 
victuals to the guests, one who serves up dinner, a 
waiter, s, [dent. s. 

lAjJv ^^^V por-vash, subservient, depen- 
CL^jjl vfxf^W parivisht, surrounded, en- 
closed, s. 
\JLJ^jji life's pt^avisht, entered, engaged in. s. 

,^^jj>,itVS proshth,m. a sort of carp {Cypri- 

nus prausitis). proshth-pada, f the 26th and 27th 
asterisms, containing the stars in the wing of Pegasus. 
praushtfi-pad, m. the month Bhadr (August — 5iept.). 
praushth-padl, f. full moon in Bhadr. s, 

ic**»jj^,. mOhIII paroshm, f. a cockroach, t. 
CJ^^A ift^ prokt, said, declared. *. 
{ji^jU>, Vi^^pa7'oksh, invisible; absent, past; 

m. an ascetic, a hermit; invisibility, absence t cin 
gram.) past time or tense. «. 


( 195 ) 


{;j^^j>., iTlHjIIT prohshan, m. killing animals 

in sacrifice, immolation, 8laup:hter; sprinkling, with 
water, &c. ; a text to be recited when animals are 
oflRered. prokskit, sprinkled ; killed, offered in sacrifice. 

Cj\x^jj} 14 Pn ^I Ot pravikhyati, f. celebrity, 

renown, s. [dioica). s. 

Jj ♦> m.'i'^ parwal, m. a plant (Tricosanthes 
^Jjv ^^T^f^*n pirond or parond, a. to thread 

(as a needle), to string (as pearls), to spit. h. 
oOj o trlftroFT parvanikd, f. specks attended 

with pain on the edge of the cornea of the eye. «. 
ijjl Tf^ pravah, m. one of the seven Vayus 

or winds, s. [of leather, h. 

Ufcj J vO^T parohd, m. a water-bucket made 

«^^j^. yillHcH' purohit (also lfrf%?r prohit), 
m. a priest who presides at the performance of reli- 
gious ceremonies ; family priest, s. 

jjliftj^. TTtf^TTRft purohitdnt, f. the wife of 

a purohit, or priest, q. v, s, 

i^^^j!. *<<l5n parohan, m. carriage, vehicle, 

instruments of transportation. «. 

b J «) ^^^ purwaiyd, f. easterly wind. s. 
Jtiib j^. tjfL'imv parivyadh, m. a tree {Pte- 

rospermtim acerifolia) ; a sort of reed growing in water 

{Caldmus fasciculatus). s. 

lLo^j^. Tmz p^'flwi, ra. barley, s. 

U'^-JJ^-- ^^^^ parivedan, m. anguish, pain j 

marriage, s. [a chief. $. 

j>.jA Tf^CtK. pravir, best, excellent ; m. a hero, 

ir*?.j r^. n^^ proves or pravesh, m. entering, 

arriving, s. 

^^piSo.j J. ^ftMV«T pariveshtan, m. surround- 
ing ; circumference, pariveshfit, enclosed, surrounded, 
covered. «. [serving up food. s. 

ijJL>*ji. '^flM'^^ parivesha7i, m. surrounding; 

liT*^. 1 T^. U^^IW praveshan, m. the entrance ; 
entering, praveshak, who enters ; m. an entry, s. 

*Xx jj> H^VSjIIJ pravekshan, m. foreseeing. 
praveksftit, foreseen, pravekshyat, adj. foreseeing. «. 

^Jji j^. ir^9 pravely m. the yellow variety of 
the kidney bean. s. 

^ , >>. parvln, m. the Pleiades. J3. 

j^ . J If^iTSpravln, intelligent, skilful, wise.5. 

\^>:^m jiJ(i(\iSAl pravinata, f. wisdom, intelli- 
gence, skill, t. 

j^. • J a^ T O^ pravent or l^^ftff praveni, f. the 

** hair twisted and undecorated, as worn by women in 
the absence of their husbands, t. 

j\Sbj>, Tf^R prahdr, m. the act of beating, 

a stroke s. 
S^j> ufl^^R parihdr, m. disrespect. ». 

(^Ub^, U^T^ prahdri, m. one who beats or 
strikes, s. 

{^^j{. ir?TO prahds, m. loud laughter, jtwa- 

7/asi, laughing aloud, causing laughter, s. 

(^^lib^. "^ft^ra parihds, m. jest, joke, jeer; 

mirth, pastime, parihds-vedi, m. a jester, a wag. s, 

i-^^^ji '^RftfW par-hit, friendly, benevolent , 

good for another, s. 

jt>ji, ir?^ prahar, m. a watch of the day or 

night ; a division of time, consisting of 8 gharls or 
about 3 hours, s. 

iZ^JSiy>,TC^kfi praharshit or Jt^ prahriskt, 

delighted, very happy, t. 

(J^j^A- Wft^lft praharshinl, f. a species of 

" the atijagati metre, a. 

i^J^Ji, "^ft^ns pariharan, ra. seizing, taking; 

leaving, abandoning, s. 

oJb^^ J6^. M^ 1.411 c|if(^5«FT praharan-kalika, f. 

a species of the sarkari metre. ». 

l3y^^. '^ft^^«Tr pariharnd, a. to leave, to for- 
sake, to abandon, to desert, to take away, clear off. *. 

imSj^A. M^O prahari or M^fi-MI pahriyd, m, 

a watchman, a sentinel. <. 
jMiS^. Vn'Pfl. pura-sar, one who goes first, a 

leader, a preceder. ». 

{^y^ji H^HH prahasan, m. loud laughter, 

mirth ; sarcasm, ridicule, irony, prahasat, adj. laugh- 
ing heartily. «. [mine. *. 

jJiu**J6^. U^^Rrt prahasantl, f. Arabian jas- 
ti^ J Tf^T^ prahldd, m. pleasure, joy ; the 

name of Hiranyaksha's pious son, and regent of one 
division of Patal. prahladit, rejoiced, delighted. *, 

Ufci^. parhez, m. abstinence, forbearance, con- 
tinence, control of the passions, hadi-parhez, abstain- 
ing from evil, parhez-k., a. to control one's passions ; 
to abstain from ; to observe a regimen, p. 

j\^\iJt>j parhez-gdr, one who controls his 

passions, abstinent, temperate, p. 
i_sS^\ySby>^_ parhez-garl, f. abstinence, oontrol 

of the passions, p. 

ijS\>SbJ), parhezi, fit for a person under a regi- 
men (also the same as parhez-gar, q. v.). p. 

^^^jl IT^figrsliT prahelikd, f. an enigma, a 
riddle. *. [prived of, deserted by. • 

{j^j>. Xff^^hn parihtn, waned, faded ; de- 

ijA""^ pare, beyond, yonder, pare rahna, to 

remain at a distance, t. 
iJrC V^fh ^" ^ fairy, pari-paikar or pari- 

chihra, angelical, fairy-faced, p. 
cSApuri, f. fulness, completion, p. 

^jj>, T|^ purx, f. ( same as pur, &c. ), a city 

town. ». 



( 196 ) 


{jj>. ftnr jiriya, m. beloved, dear; m. a bus- 
band, a lover ; a sort of drug cominoaly called Riddhi, s. 

\iji^fipj\ prit/d,m. beloved, dear, ar sweetheart, 
he priye, mj dear I ». 

(j*>b^> inn^ prayas, m. trouble, labour, de- 
sire or pursuit of any object, s. [tidings, s. 

&jk^b J ri|i||4^ priyakhya, announcing good 

*^b J TnnJl prayaff, m. the modern Allaha- 
bad, a celebrated place of pilgrimage at the confluence 
of the Ganges and Jamuna, together with the supposed 
subterraneous addition of the Saraswati, according to 
the Hindu creed : in comp. it applies to several places 
of reputed sanctity, as, Deva-prayag, Rudra-praydg, 
Karna-prayag &c. s. 

{J)\>.jl fiTTT^ priyal, m. a tree commonly 

called piydl (Buchanania latifolia). s. 

^^b ,^. Tpfmpraya7i,m. going forth, departure; 

death, march, invasion, prayan-kal, time of departure, 
death, s. [ing kindly. «. 

^^l^^V ■ftnnTT'TO priya-bhashan, m. speak- 
O^ »^. iftTT pritt kind, affectionate, beloved, 

dear. m. delight, s. 

Cl^.A Jftfn prlt or priti, f. love, friendship ; 

the second of the 27 astronomical yogs. priH-purvak, 
adv. through kindness ; prtti-dan, m. a friendly present. 
priti-daya, m. a gift of affection, prtti-man, kind, affec- 
tionate, s. » 

'^IjK ^T^^i or T(^paret adj. dead; m. a 

spirit of the dead, a ghost, pret-paksh, m. the dark 
half of the month, pret-karm, m. funeral rites, jpret- 
grih, m. a cemetery, pret-lok, m. the region ot dis- 
embodied spirits, in which they remain one year, or 
until the obsequies are completed, pret-nadi, f. the 
river of hell. s. [yarn), h. 

^j^.. 'ron pareta, m. a reel (for winding 
U^ J finfilT priyata, f. love, affection, s. 
j^^ J. fUTiJTTC priyatar, dearer, more beloved, s. 

f^.j{. Tf!'"T pritam or fTffXTiTJJ priyatam, dear- 
est, most beloved ; m. a lover, a husband, s. 
j^jo^. IT^R prayatna, m. continued effort, 

exertion ; act, action ; caution, care, prayatna-wan, 
active, zealous, persevering, s. [yam ). h. 

^:/v ''T^^*n paretna, a. to reel ( thread or 
j_^jov. l?rr«Tt pretniy a female pret or ghost, 

a ghostess. s. [testing (gold or silver), s. 

14^. (tItVg[T for tt^T) parlchhd, f. trying, 

iJl^^jl (tJ^^CcR for "R^^?^) parichhah, m. 

one who tests or examines, s. 
i^^^ji- /"2^*"Mwa», m. a magician, one 

who " calls spirits from the vasty deep." p. 
.^lijcO par'i-ddr, one who controls fairies ; 

also one who is spell-bound by fairies, p, 

ij^j'^-jl flR^^ priya-darshan, handsome, 
good-looking, m. a tree {Mimusops kauki) t. 

ii>'H/» p(i'>^dan, to fly, to soar on the wing, p. 

i^y\i>S^^j)^ nOvi^ paridhdwi, m. the forty- 
first year of the Indian cycle. ». 
'^J'.J'., *< ^<nprerit, sent, directed, despatched, g, 

J\.^^J>'J^_fJ.> pari-rukhsdr, angelic, fairy- 
cheeked, p, 

(^^. in?!I preran,\m. the act of sending; 

^yfji hCTI prerndy J command, s. 

ijKSj>,pci'ri-ru, fairy-faced, a beautiful woman, 

plur. parl-ruyan. p. 

i^\}ljy. pari-zdd, fairy-born, i.e. beautiful, p. 
(J^^(Jjt. pari-stdn, m. the region of the 

fairies, p. 

-4^-^^. ftnnW priya-sakh, m. a tree {Mi- 
mosa catechu.) s. [friend, a confidante, s. 
(_54^***?^. ftrtnET^ priya-sakhi, f. a female 
(jl>t\x*.^^. frnra*^ priya-sandesh, ra. a 

tree bearing a fragrant flower {Micheliachampaca). s. 

uHH 5^^ parish, m. faeces, excrement, s. 

^^liL)^. pareshdn, distressed, wretched, dis- 
persed perplexed, dishevelled, ruined, pareshau-hal, 
distressed in condition, parefhan-kahna, to talk fool- 
ishly, p. [dispersion, destruction, p. 

■^j\L.>_ji, pareshdnl, f. distress; perplexity; 
,^^i^,j> VWpreshtk, mostor very dear. preshthd, 

f. a wife, s, 

tib^. fj(T^ p7'iyak, m. a tree (Nauclea ca- 

damba) ; another tree (Pentaptera tomentosa). s. , . 

^S>:>jlfWOiWyX.pviya-kdr, w fsnf^gjt p7-iya- krit, 
kindly, doing good, a benefactor, s, 

CLo^.i.Tf'H^prayukta, endowed with, possess- 
ing ; connected with ; compact. <. [proof. «• 

Liio, J '^^^ parlkshd, f. examination, trial, 

bSio .> ^^ prekshd, f. seeing, viewing, ob- 
serving, s. 

C-wx; ..>. m.lf5Sfri pariksMt, the name of the 

grandson of Arjuna ; adj. examiaed, tried, proved. «. 

d>w»5o ,.) nft^lT prekshit, seen, belield, looked 
at. s. [mines, &c. $. 

cdii'^xj^) TH^Tipir parihshak, one who exa- 
^^jZSj>ji_ '^^^^^ parikshan, m. trial, experi- 
ment, examination, s. [spectacle, sight. $. 
^jt^j>_ XH^fS prekshaUf m. a public show, 
^^^. ""TwT parekka, m. repentance, regret, 

concern. /*. 
l^io J "m^SI parehhd, f. (corrupted for pari- 

ks^a or paric^ha, &c.), trial, examination, search, ji, 
VV. '^^ prem, m. love, friendship ; prerU' 

sSgar, name of a well-known Hind! work bo anlled, 

which details the history of Krisiua. s. 

^^^,j{. fH^Him priyamdn, beloved, affectio- 
nate <, 


( 197 ) 


fciJj^^f^JO. ftnr**nTsir priyam-bhawk, be- 
come dear to. priyam-bhdvukta, f, amiability, be- 
coming beloved, s. 

j^,j>.TPVTl.prem-par, affectionate, loving, s. 

^\)'^-^j^.jf, ^TT^TTTTT prem-rang-rata, co- 
loured with the dye of love; strongly in love, ena- 
moured, s. \_{Datura). s. 

tyO(_fj>. ^Cnlt purl-moh, m. the thorn apple 
i^ji ^^ premt, affectionate ; a lover, s. 
L^Jv ^^ puren, f. the placenta ; the plant 

of the lotus, h. 
*^-^.ji ftrPf^ priyangu, m. a medicinal plant 

and perfume, or fragrant aeed ; panick seed {Panicum 
italicum). s. [moon. *. 

V-Jv ^^^'^1 pariwa, f. the first day of the 
Ij^Jv "T^^ 7'«''««^«> ni. a pigeon, h. 
•^Vjv "^O*!!^ parimd, m. reproof, censure, 
abuse. *. [flatterer, s. 

L/i^V- ri ^^^nr^T^ priya-vadi, sweet spoken, a 

jV'-^Tv WO'TTi pariwar, m. dependants, family, 

retinue, s. [flow. *. 

If^yi.A'^^^^^^T^.pariwahy m. inundation, over- 

eiJL:>-yV. initinP prayojaJi, who or what 

causes or induces any act ; who or what deputes or 
appoints ; m. a founder or instituter of any ceremony ; 
a legislator, s. 

i^j^.j>, W^tW^ prayojan, m. cause, motive, 

need, occasion ; intention, design ; use, exigence. 
prayojan-wdn, designing, purposing, prayojant, neces- 
sary, requisite. ». 

eu>.y J TnTlm prayqiya, m. capital, princi- 
pal ; a servant, a slave. *. [barter, s. 

C^j^J T|0«J^ parivartta, m. exchange, 
,i.y ►> (im^V^ priya-varnlff. a creepingplant 

~ (Echites frutescens). s. 

^^J^J; J, pari-nash, fairy-like, angelic, p. 
1^ j%>. r> infrt prayog, ra. occasion, cause, 

motive, object, result ; device, contrivance ; example, 
comparison ; act, action, prayogi, having some object 
in view, calculated for a particular purpose, s. 

^ J •q^ pareh, m. soup made of rice (v. 

palew). h. 

,A^.j>. "'TT? pareh, ^m. land watered after 

Uj J Tf^-^pareha, J ploughing, or flooded 

before the final ploughing and levelling of the ground. A. 

W Ji. flR priya, dear, beloved (see c^.)- 
(v»l^ .) Titl^ra parthaSf m. mirth, sport, 

amusement, t. 

Vb xrri pura, m. a large parcel (of physic, 

&c.). para, m. the boundary of a field, h. 
Ob\j> M jR I tf T para-pand, a. to find, to get 

easily, h. 
^\v ^ZT^^pardpar, with reiterated strokes, s. 

\3^. ^TT^ pardnd, a. to put to sleep, to lay 

down, to cause to repose ; to cull, to gather, pluck, h. 
jVv> (|il«| pardw, m. halting, resting, sleep- 
ing; halting-place; camp, encampment; an army; s 
crowd, assembly, h. 

UV^''% (f^MJlffl parpardnd, n. to prattle, to 

chatter ; to throb with pain (as the tongue from an 
acid substance). paTpaf-rahna, to chat, prattle. A. 

l3U-v; 1|jt{|V|| par-jdnd, n. to lie down; to 

cease, as the wind ; to repose ; to abate. 7*. 

iJ^'jl ^i^i\ parchhafi, f. a small thatch 

" thrown over mud walls, d. 

^jj!, M^I^^HI par-rahndf n. to be utterly 

helpless, to be in a regular fix. d. 
*j>_ param, m. a coarse kind of cotton cloth 

used for tents, &c. d. [immodesty, d, 

iSj^j^. "MiHJiT par-margt, f. shamelessness, 

\jj^. xj^TJi parnd, ii. to repose, to lie down ; 

to fall; to befall, to happen; to encamp; to drop; to 
be confined to bed by sickness, h, 

IjJv P^T^'^) ™' 3- large boat ; a ferry boat. d. 
^^y':l r^i«(MI pirwdna, a. to cause to press, 

squeeze, h. 

(,j*>}f>. ^tm paros, m. neighbourhood, s. 
ti^J/v ^ f* ^^ ^parosin,f. a female neighbour. *•. 
(j***jjr?- ^^J^arost, m. a male neighbour, s. 
Cfjjfv ""n^ J9flrwi, a sort of sugar-cane sown 

in autumn, h. ■ 

^ji ^WT jjar^a, read, learned, of much read- 
ing, pafha-guna, a .earned, experienced man. ». 
I3\j&j^. MdlHI parhdnd, a. to teach to read, to 

instruct, to teach to speak (or sing) as birds, t. 

{j^V, "'l^ parhan, f. reading, the act or 

reading, s. 

(s^ji- ^^?'' pafhin, f. a mullet, h. 

Ufc^ i|^r|| parhnd, a. to read, to repeat, to 

say, to speak, to quote or recite, pafhne-wala, m. 
reader, s. 

C:^UJ6«). M<S*H parhant, f. study, reading ; :i 

spelu s. 
I3\y>^^ MdciMI parhwand, a. to cause to be 

taught reading (v. parhana), h. [made, h, 

^jji, Xff\ purl, f. a skin with which a drum is 
^JV '^^ pari, f. a measure (v. paimdna.) d. 
bj^^ (jf?^! puriyd, f. a parcel (of physic, &c.), 

a dose of medicine in powder, s, 
b -.0 Tlf^T pariyd, f. a female buffalo calf. h. 
\ji>j^jV, Tli^^*!! pare-rahnd, n. to be in a 

hopeless or desperate state, d. 

Jj v^ Tl^^ paryal, f. sweepings, h, 

;> ^M2 or paz, (in comp.) cooking, baking ; 
framing or contriving (in the mind), p. 

'■'f'''"T"'|„. p. 

tj'^j^y>, pazhmurdagi, f. rottenness, faded 

■ state, p. 

U'i'^v po.zhmurdan, to wither, fade, decay, p. 

(j«^. jyas, after, behind ; at length, then, there- 
fore, finally, pas-anddz, Bavinga, something laid up to 
provide for old age or want of employment ; labourers, 
&c. call it maya i tawakkul. p. 

t-Ji. tj^ pasa, m. two handfuls, as much as 
can be held in both hands open (same as anjla, q. v.). «. 

L_->L*J. pisdb or pishab (for peshab), m. the 
act of pissing, urine, p. 

—L-J ftnn^ pi.tach (for fTT^^fT^ pishach, q. v.) 
m. a spectre, apparition, vision, a demon, s. 

j...»-^v-0. fxniT^ pi.sachl or PmM I'M h1 pisachm, 

"f. a female spectre, an ogress, s. 

\\'>^l "^Wm pasara, m. expansion, the act of 

spreading out. pasara-k., to procrastinate and find 
obstacles to an easy matter. ». 

\>X^Tm}Tj[\ pasdrna,'a. to spread ; to dis- 
tend ; to stretch out, to expand, to open. x. 

(?jl*«J "n'OT^ pasarl, m. one who sells spices 

(v. paAsarl). h. 

^^L*> frorvf pisan, m. meal, flour, s. 
liL*.^ f^nrRT pisdna, a. to reduce to meal, 

flour, or powder ; to grind, t. 

ol«»^ Ti^HT pasand, a. to skim ; to pour off 

superfluous water. *. 

^jA*^>, V^w\ pasd,t, f. a kind of rice. h. 
^^L-^. fir?fT^/?wa,i,f price paid forgrinding.s. 
^Lri P^^s-P^ "'" po,s-pd,e, sitting cross-legged 

(like the Asiatics), p. 
J^,U^,'^r^'fl^pasu-pdl " 

or pashu-pd], 
^^,U^, M3IM 1 <j5*l» pasu 
pdlak or pashu-pdlah,, 

j^L*-^. V9isicj>«T pasu-palan, the rearing and 

tending of cattle, one of the duties of the Faisua 
caste, s. " 

^y'^LT?- P(^'<-P^ fiond, n. to decline ; to fall 
in the rear, to slink behind ; to retreat, to flee, to de- 
sist from an attempt, p. h. 

^^3iu"i 5^^ pus put (for ■JBTJ^ pushya- 
putra), adopted son. pus-put k., to adopt as a son. », 

cl*-0 past, below, low. past-Jitrat, of in- 
ferior understanding, of a mean disposition, past- 
himmat, unambitious, past o buland dekhna, to con- 
side- and take precautions against the vicissitudes of 
fortune, pasat, behind thee. p. 

^,ll«-> pistdn, m. the breasts, bubbies. p. 
13\::*M^ ^mm\ pastdndf n. to regret, repent. $. 

( 198 ) ^, 

<J4x{7 pustak, f. a book, a volume^ t. 
> pista, m. a pistachio nut. ;^>. 
^^^^pasti, f. inferiority, lowness. p, 
^^Jsij^'lj^)^ pista ^ ravg, m. pea-green, jp. 
8iS.u»-(j*o pas-khurda, m. leavings (of food)^ 

dregs, offal, p. 

♦«0 tra^ pasar, f, grazing cattle at night, h. 
j*^^pisar, m. a boy, a son, a child, pisar- 

ra. lit. beast-feeder; 
a cowherd, a cow- 
feeder, s. 

zada, a grandchild, pisar i khwanda. an adopted son. 
pisri akhijafi, a step-son, son of a wife by a former 
husband, pisri-mutahannd, an adopted son. pisar- 
Jchwdndagi. adoption of a son. p, 

^j^. "^WiyjJ pasarnd, n. to be spread, stretched 

out, expanded. *, 

jji^j,^, pas-rau, or pas-raw, m. a follower; 

dependants ; train, equipage, p. 

^^j5~—^.^a.<-rawi, f. following; equipage, p. 
(_fyO. pisari, f. boyhood, infancy, p. 
(Jya*.J pistol or piatulj a pistol, e. 
*— ■*H^U**i P^^ ghaibat, in one^s absence, p, 
'^L.ri po^s-kad or -hadd, a dwarf (properly 

past-Tcadd). p. a. 

(j^U**v P<^s-kash, m. recoil, retraction, p. 
\J^L-^. ^*^*i(pir\ipisldnd,a. to cause to grind, h. 
\^*^. "T^^T^ pasli, f. a rib, the praecordia. 

" pasll pharahnt, a thrilling over the ribs, is applied to a 
perception of the condition of an absent person, h. 

8(\^Ui^j,gj pas-mdnda, left behind, a sur- 
vivor, p. 

^-^. "PhRT pisnd, n. to be reduced to meal, 

to be ground ; to be ruined, distressed ; (met.) to be 
desperately in love. h. 

4X-L-.J pa.sand, f. choice, approbation ; (in 

comp.) agreeable to, pleasing, as dil-pasand, pleasing 
the heart, pasand-h, to please, p. 

^^S>S1^ pasandldan, to approve of, io be 

agreeable, p. 

8t^,i\l*«j pasandida, chosen, approved of, 

agreed to. p. [weight, ttc p. 

IC*nJ. pasangd, m. (the same as pdsang), a 
y^, "T^^asM or pashu, (see ^JiS) m. a beast ; 

an animal, t. 

^-O. fVM pisu or pissu, m. a flea. h. 

lA^JlH-^"-'' ^ P<^^fh "1- 'it- behind and be- 
fore; evasion, prevarication, pas o pesh-k., &. to pre 
varicate. p. 

'^T^{^ pasHjnd, a. to stitch. A. 

(__54-*0 "q^l^t pas,ln, f. a kind of wild rice, 
"growing in shallow ponds. A. 


{ 199 ) JiJLi 


m. perspiration, 
sweat. 8. 

J pastj, provision for a journey; adj. 

"ready, prepared, p. 

Ljs^mil ^ H I pasijna, n. to perspire, to sweat, 
to melt ; to compassionate, t. 

{»jl^^, pasin, last, posterior, modern, p. 
i^*^, pasinl, modern, recent; pi. pasiniyan, 

" the moderns, p. 

Ux*.j M^HI paslna, 

^JU*-^. ■'TO^ paserv, 

Ub^x-*^. xm^-^pasewhdfj 

uH ^^ pashu, m. an animal, a beast ; cattle. 

pashu-pdl, m. a herdsman, pashu-pdlan, m. tending or 
rearing cattle, pashuta, f. pashutwa, m. nature of an 
animal, bestiality, pashu-dharm, m. action or pro- 
perty of animals ; promiscuous cohabitation, the marry- 
ing of widows, pashu-raj, m. a lion, pashu-rajju, m. 
a string for fastening cattle, pashu-roman, m. the 
hair of an animal, pashu-kriya, f. copulation, pashu- 
gayatrl, f. a verse whispered into the ear of an animal 
about to be sacrificed, s. 

L-->LiJ. ftl^fTWpishdb (for peshdb),m, urine. ^. 
_.Li.> f^T^ir? pishdch, m. a sprite, a fiend, a 

spectre ; an infernal imp or ghost, described as fierce 
and malignant, pishdch-dru, m. a tree supposed to be 
haunted by goblins ( Tropins aspera). pisbach-grasta, 
possessed of a demon, a demoniac pishachnl, f. a 
female sprite. *. 

^J^^. V:mf{ pashdn, m. a stone, a rock. s. 
«_«A^) TOT pushp or pushpa, m. a flower, the 

menses ; the car of Kuvera ; specks on the eye, albugo. 
/wi/i/jan/aZi.f presenting flowers held in both hands hol- 
lowed, pushpa-path, m. the vulva, pushpa-pur, the city 
of Pataliputra or Palibothra. pushpa-phal, m. elephant 
or wood-apple, pushpa-chamar, m. a plant {Artemisia) ; 
a fragrant plant {Pandanus odoratissimus) having a 
large bushy flower, pushpa-dant, m. the elephant of 
the north-west quarter, pushpa-ras, m. the honey of 
flowers, pushpa-rakta.m. a shrub {Hibiscus phocniceus). 
pushpa-renu, m. the farina of flowers, pushpa-rochan, 
m. a plant {Mesua ferrea). ptishpa-sdr, m. the honey of 
flowers, pushpa-samay, m. spring, pushpa-shunya, 
flowerless. pushpa- karandak, m. Avanti or Ujjain, 
or the grove in its vicinity, sacred to Mahadeva. 
pushpa- ketu, m. calx of brass, pushpa- klf, m. any in- 
sect affecting flowers, pushpa-mds, m. spring, pushpa- 
vdtl, f. a flower-garden, pushpa-wat, flowery, pushpa- 
htn, flowerless. pushpa-hind, f. the glomerous fig-tree ; 
a woman whose menstruation has ceased, pushpi, 
flowering, s. 

j^L^. yujIVitf pushpdnjan, m. the calx of 

brass, s. 

v^,^--*-> vifuqif pitshpit, flowered, in flower. 

puthpitd, f. a woman during menstmation. ptuhpitagra, 
f. a form of metre, s. 

tj*\^l qBqcii pushpak, m. calx of brass, the 

car of Kuvera, god of riches ; specks on the eye ; a 
bracelet of jewels ; green vitrioL pushpakatish, m. the 
green sulphate of iron. t. 

K--io. MfuHtfc l pushpika, f. the tartar of the 
teeth ; the mucus of the glans penis or urethra, s. 

J^ixS.?. T|9|X4(^^ pashu-palval, m. a fragrant 

grass {Cypetus rotundut). t 

pusht, f. ancestry, a generation of pro- 
genitors ; the back ; a second, an assistant, pusht ba 
pusht, generation by generation, pusht-pdnw, m. an 
inflammation or phlegmon on the upper surface of the 
foot, pusht par kisi ke rahnd, (lit. to be at the back of 
one, or to back one) to support steadily, pusht pandh, 
an ally, a support, pusht-kham, hump-backed, pushtl 
dost kisl par mama or pushti pd mdrnd, to reject, to 
abandon, pu^ht dend (in Pers. pusht-dddan), to flee, 
run away (lit. turn one's back, " terga dare "). p. 

vl^. f^r^jrti pishitd, f. spikenard, s, 

IjllLio. pushtdrd, m. a load, burden for carry- 
ing on the back. p. 
b\lij pashtdnd, to regret, repent, d. 
IjULSj pashidwdf m. regret, remorse, d. 

jliPv pusht-khdr, m. an artificial hand of 

ivory, &c., set in a long handle to scratch the back 
with. p. 

(^ ? . ' . w .. > pushiak, a vice in horses, plunging and 
kicking up behind, p. 

^1^. pushtu, the Afghan language, p. 
edL? pushta, m. a buttress, a prop ; a bank, 

a quay ; a hill, an eminence ; heap, load, a bundle, p. 
jC'i^lJaJ-io pushta-bandi, embankments of a 

river, p. 
^^^, pushtl, m. backing, alliance, aid; a prop; 

"the cover of a book, pushti-bdn, an ally, a supporter} 
pushtl-bdnl, f. alliance, aid ; support, pmhtl-k^ to 
assist, to support, to second, to back. p. 

cL>-^. '^W pusht, nourished, fat ; restorative, 

provocative, pusfftdnga, fat. *, 

cJa ^ .) '^iv pushtiyf.noiir'ish'mg. pushti-da,ndj. 

nourishing, pushti-dd, f. a plant {Physalis flexuosa). 
pushti-kar, m. any nutritive substance, a provocative 

JjLi f^W^ pishtap, m. a world, a division 

of the universe. *. [restorative power, s. 

llti»> Msril pushtatd, f. fatness; invigoration, 

CilxiL) ffiw^ pishtah, m. a disease of the eyes, 

opacity of the cornea, s. [cative. *. 

i/^^,. ""IW^pushtajt, f. adj. restorative, provo- 
Ci.>l^v "il^aTir pashchdt, after, afterwards, 

behind ; westward, pashchdt-tdp, m. repentance, t, 

j,:i^i'mf^Sf{pashchim, west, western ; behind, 

after, s. 
0^. '^3Jc|iT pashukd, f, any small animal, s. 

»io tiboh^ pushkar, m. the sky, heaven ; a 

lotus {Nelumbium speciosum or Nymphaa nelumbo) ; a 
drug {Costus speciosus) ; a place of pilgrimage called 
Pokar in the province of Ajmir; one of the seven 
g^eat dwipas or divisions of the world ; a mountain in 
the same dwlpa ; a pond or lake, pushkar-mulak, m. 
the root of the costus speciosus. s. 

^SJLi^ yufcf<.*!rl pushkarini, f. a large pond, 

a lake. s. 
^\LLi/m^'^ pushkal, excellent, best ; much, 

many ; full, complete ; m. the mountain Meru ; tb> 
holy place, Puxlikar. t. 

( 200 
jjiCt^ pish-kash (for pesh-hash), a present, a 


tribute, p. 
,Ji-li> pishkil, dung of sheep, deer, &c. p. 
1*^. pashm, f. wool, hair (pubes tuvi maris 

' turn foemineB). pashm par mama, to be perfectly con- 
tented and independent, to despise, disregard, pashm 
samajhna. to despise, pashm na ukhaj~na, to suffer no- 
thing from the enmity of another, not a hair of the 
head to be touched (spoken in great contempt of an 
adversary), p. 

d^ ^\ pashmak, a kind of sweetmeat, p. 

j_5»-£;*>. pashmt, 1 

^j^*^. pashmln, ^ woollen, made of wool. p. 

A AA» ^ < I pashmtna,} 

U'^H ^^'T pishun, wicked, relentless, cruel ; 

vile, low ; stupid, a fool ; m. a spy, an informer, plshun- 
vakya or pishun-vachan, m. evil speech, slander, s. 

U^. Pm^HI pishuna, f. a gramineous plant 

(Trigonella corniculata). s. 

il.t^»>l f^^igr pis^hang or pishangi, tawny, 

brovra. pishtangata, f. tawniness. s. 

k^S^>. pashang, a mattock, spade, hoe; also 
a man's name, the father of Afrdsiyah. p. 

j^j^ pishrvaz, f. a gown, a female dress, p. 

eJL^, pasha or pashsha, a gnat, a fly, a mos- 
quito, p. [hog-plum. s. 

i ^SI^OKoJiI pashu-haritaki, f. the 

U-M*) pash'iz, a small piece of money, p. 

jjUxiJ pasheman, ashamed, abashed, dis- 
graced, penitent, p. [morse, p. 
jJ,Ux2j jmshemam, f. regret, penitence, re- 
&x^, "V^pushya, m. the eighth lunar asterism, 

comprising three stars, of which one is Cancer ; the 
monthPatw (Dec— Jan.). pushy a-putr, an adopted son. s. 

cilj fJTgr pih, f. name of a bird (Cuculus 

Indicus) ; the kokila. pik-bayam, having a voice like 
the pik. s, 

4^. frSk pifik, m. a young elephant, s. 
(^ TSk pakk, ^ripe ; boiled, 

>^. ^rai, ^T^ paka or pakkd,j dressed (op- 
posite to raw) ; baked (as bricks), made of brick ; cun- 
ning, knowing, pakkd-k., to establish a claim, or an 
agreement, or a proposition, so that no doubt or sub- 
ject of dispute can remain; to build with bricks. 
pakd-pakdya, ready cooked, pakkd-ghar, a house built 
of baked bricks or stone, pakkd-chitthd, an authenti- 
cated, revised, or accredited account, pakka-ser, a ser 
of full and standard weight, s. 

j\w U4|iKp?/7<ar, f. pukara, m. a cry a shout, h. 

U>ti,o^. MchK^«n pukar-dena, a. to proclaim 
publicly, to call. h. 

UjOJ ^^TTTT puharna, a. to call aloud, to 

bawl out, to cry ; to call or summon, h. 

(jti\^ fViWy"^ pikahsha, m. a vegetable and 
perfume, commonly called rochani. t. 

^0>^. M«W»iI pahana, a. to ripen; to drc-ja 
victuals, to cook, to bake. s. 

«.LX>K^. f^lSfiJl pikdng, m. a small bird, called 

also chdtaklya. s. [t, 

t^i>o.> fn OKI ri r^piltdnand, m. the spring season. 
j\x> V^J^ pahdw, m. suppuration. pakd,u, 

suppurative, s. 

j^V 'T^rr^ pakd,l, f. dressing, ripeness, s. 
^i^^AX^. ftlenc}^ pik-bandhu, m. the mango 

tree. s. 

(Shi^. rMofc«jin1 pih-hayanl or rM«»^«il pihr- 

" baini, f. possessing a voice like the kokila. $. 

ijj*^. M«iiM«i pakpan, m. ripeness ; canning, 

cleverness, expertness. s. 

Oy^\JLSi.V:f^f!S^pahti-shult m. inflammation 

of the bowels, cholic. s. 

(c3Jti>x) pahdandi, f. a footpath, d. 
j>^. H<ins pakar, f. the act of seizing, seizure, 

capture ; objection, difficulty, h. 

OV^. TfolijifiT pakrdnd, a. to cause to be 

caught, seized, or laid hold of; to deliver over or give 

in charge, h. 

cj'tiJojX) pahar-handi, f. proof, evidence; 

capture, seizing, d. 

I3^k) VW^m paharnd, a. to catch, to lay hold 
of, to seize, to apprehend ; to object. A. 

(jl5o Xf^ pahsh, m. half a lunation, a fort- 
night ; a partisan, a friend ; a side, a flank, pakshdghdt, 
m. palsy, hemipelgia. paksha-pdt, m. partisanship, 
partiality, paksha-pdtl, in. a partisan, an adherent. 
paksha-pdtitd, f. adherence, friendship, pakshata, f. 
the taking up a side, partiality, paksha-dhar, m. a par 
tisan. s. 

^_jiA5 "T^ pakshi, m. pakshinl, f. a bird. 

pakshi-rdj, m. king of the birds, Garuda. pakshi-shdla, 
f. a nest, an aviary, s. 

^J^. "Tair^ST 7)fl///a, m. a sore between the toes, 

produced by moisture, h. 
Ux> TjoRfn pflAwa, n. to be dressed or cooked ; 

to ripen ; to suppurate (as an inflammation, boil. &c.) ; 
to turn g^ey (hairs). ». 

^. "*rgi;?a/cwa, ripe, cooked, mature, perfect ; 

able, shrewd ; grey (the hair) ; digested, pakwdshay, 
m. the abdomen, the stomach, pakwa-krit, m. the nimb 
tree, the leaves of which are used to induce suppu- 
ration, s. 

f^^>. "T^i^TfT pukwdn or t|ghl^ pakrvdnna, 
m. sweetmeats, victuals fried in melted butter or oil, 
cookery of any kind. *. 

\3\jX^ V <* «< V^pakndndyJi. to cause to be dressed 

or cooked ; to cause to ripen. *. [cooking, h. 

ij^\^. M«*m^ pahrvdyl, f. price paid for 
X) qctTisT pafiord, m.l a kind 


{jjy^^. ^«l?l^ pnkofi or 
''rs^'ii pa kauri, {. . 

a kind of dish 
made of peameal 


( 201 ) 


,^,'^^pokh {i:oryr^paksha,q.y.)fm. a pe- 
riod of fifteen days, fortnight, half a lunation ; two ; 
assistance, protection, s. [of a bow. d, 

O'l^.TT^^T pakliatu, m. the horn or corner 

V>.l^. TTSTCfTT pakhama, a. to wash. s. 

J^^.'frm^ pakhal, f. la large leather 

^l^^ TT^TigT pakhala, m. J bag for carrying 
water usually double, and thrown over the back of a 
bullock ; also a leathern bag for raising water from a 
well. s. 

iJ^x> V:WJ^ pahhali, m. a water-carrier, s. 
i^X^f-:), V!WJ^ pahhan (Jor paJihan),\ ra. a 
\j l^^. TT^T»n pakhana, J stone, s. 

^j{^/^WT^^ pakharvaj, f. a kind of drum, 

a timbrel, h. 

j-s-jl^. MIslNaf) pakhdrvaji, m. one who 

" beats the pakhdwaj ; a drummer, h. 

S<j^^_ V!WTJ^ pukhraj, m. a topaz j name of 

a lunar mansion, h. 

Oj 4^ i|4^Q<:r pahhrauta, m. a bit of gold 

or silver leaf covering a hira or mouthful of betel. A- 

iSj^., y^f) pakhrl, f. a petal, or flower- 
leaf, h. 

\^^V. pakhwa or pakku,a, m. a side, wing, 
flank, gable end of a house, d, 

^^^. "T^TT pakhota, m. a wing, fin of a 

fish ; side or flank, d. [blade, t, 

^^4^. tna^31 pahhaura^ m. the shoulder- 
j^jj^V. ^^^' pakheru, m. a bird. s. 
jj»,;^4x; t;^^ pakhes, m. mark, stamp, h. 
i-L^. ^tpT pag, m. the foot, pag pat tar bajna, 

to beat time with the foot, pag-dandi, f. by-path. 
pagdandt-lena, to track, to trace, s. 

^. "^TT paga, m. a rope fastened round the 

neck of a bullock, a tether, h. 
j^A '*PTR jx^yuf) niud kneaded for building 

or plastering walls ; (in Dakh.) pay, salary, wages, t. 

sVu pagahy f. dawn of day, morning, twi- 
light, p. 

^5^.0 pagahtar, f. early dawn of day. p. 

Ujlifciici^, ^J|VK*{| pag-dharna, n. to travel, 

to depart, s. [chew the cud. A. 

lj\^. "qinCRT pagurana, n. to ruminate, to 

(tfj£) Tjiiil pagfi, f. a turban ; » species of 

poll-tax (v. pag). pagfi atakna, to h e obstinate, to 
persist or persevere, pagft chhapapuA, a. to act falsely 
oi treacherously, h. 

^Uj tptqUT pagla, foolish (phrase peculiar to 

Bengal and the eastern parts of Hindustan), h, 

Iil6 THlfTT pagna, n. to be dipped in or co- 
vered with syrup ; (met.) to be in love. $, 

^^. ^TT^T pogha, ra. (the same as paga), a 

rope, tether, h. [or steei. h. 

Jl^X]) "TmoS paghdl, m. a kind of hard iron 
bl^^^Ji, "Trrnn paghdya, m. a dealer in cloth, 

metals, &c. h. 
U^k^^) fxniQ5T«TT/)?5'/iZana, a. to melt, to fuse; 

to soften fan angry or a hard person), to assuage, t. 

j^J^^, ft(X(^m pighldrv or pighld,o,m. fusion.s. 
^ul^X!) ftrxj^ytTT pighalnd, n. to melt or be 

melted, to be in fusion. *. 

L^> "'I^HT paghaiyd, m. a trader in cloth, 

iron, &c. /*. 

Ux^. "TfiRT pagiyd, f. a turban, h. 

{y>.'^^pal, ni. a moment; the sixtieth part 

of a ghari or dand (2 J pals are equal to one minute). 
pal mdrte, immediately, instantly, in the twinkling of 
an eye. pal mama, to wink, to move the eyelid, p. 

^y^^.pul, m. a bridire, an embankment, a cause- 
way, pul-guxar, a bridge toll, pul handhna, a. (to 
make a bridge) to limit ; to abound, p. 

^. TT^ paid, m. a spoon, ladle for taking 

out oil, &c. ptild, m. a small bundle of plants or 
sticks, h. \l),ar ami pilla, a. hastaxd, h. 

^. Pm^I pilld, m. a pup, a whelp, cub ; 
^ 'T37/?a^/a, m. space, distance ; assistance ; 

a border of cloths ; a sheet (generally applied to chintz 
or shawl) ; a bag ; labium vulva ; one shutter of a door, 
&c. ; border, margin, h. 

^ palld, m. one scale (or side of a pair of 

scales), palld-bdndhnd, to enter the lists against an 
enemy, palld-kash, partial, palld-kasln, partiality. 
palle par klst ke and, to assist, 'to favour, to side with 
any one. palle-ddr, a porter who has bags to carry 
burdens, palle-ddrl, f. the business of a porter, p. 

ti^. ""I^T^ paldd, m. f. a Rdkshas or demon, 
male or female, s. [humojir. «. 

iJ>^.. "T^STf^T paldgni, m. the bile, the bilious 
/j>>^. pulds, m. very coarse cloth, p. 
O**^- ^C^T^f palds or paldsh, m. a tree so 

called, on which the lac insect feeds {^Butea frondosa). 
palds piiprd, m. the seeds of the Butea frondosa, used 
in medicine, s. 

j^^^. Vc^l^ll paldsi, m. name of a village 
"(vulg. Plassey), famous for one of our earlier Tictoriett 
in India, s. 

tj^^. M^l^l paldsh, m. a tree (see palds). 
Bj^^y^':^^ TI^T^d*^ paldshdkhya, m. assa- 

foetida. s. [clinata ; the palds tree. t. 

cii««»^. Mc6I^Ie|i paldshak, m. curcuma re- 
i^'^,. "TcST^'t paldshl, f. lac ; m. a goblin j 

a sort of mimusops (m. kauki). t. 

(ji*^^. JTT'^ pldksha, m. the fruit of the hi- 
biscus populneoides. s. 

(^"^l ''l^'T paldn, a space of ground between 
two occupied lots, left for future disposal. &. 


( 202 ) 


^j)>^ patan, ^ m. (corruption of palan), a 

\jy^. palanUf J packsaddle. p. 

^^J ^Q5T»n palana, a. to run away, to flee, 

to escape. «. [ply with drink, h. 

^^. f^T5n»n pilana, a. to cause to drink j to 

^^l ^d&l^T palanna, a. to saddle a horse or 

bullock, p. 
fcVJ^. "<l<j5MB paldndu, m. an onion. «. 

vf.^^. ^^1^ palang, m. the Gangetic por- 
poise, s. 

(i^. ^I^T*ft paldm, f."! , 

•• 1 * ,_ fthatchmg. h. 

J j*^. ^<«M«< palaw, m. J 

5^. JTRyj/aw. m. submersion. «. 

J^. pula,o (properly pildv), m. a kind of 

dish made up of rice, spices, and flesh or fowl, hawd 
ka pula,o, a castle built in the air. " Lord Byron has 
been laughed at by many an ' old Indian' for writing 
this word ' pilaff,' making it rhyme with ' quaflp,' but 
the fact is, that his lordship's Anglified term comes 
much nearer to the real word, which is Persian, than 
our barbarous Indian corruption of it." p. (B.) 

^j^. "TcST^'H pala,ond, n. to flee, to run 

away. s. [away. a. 

jjjl^^b. Xi^JTtniT«T paldyamdn, adj. running 

(^.^, ^(jSr^H paldyan, m. flight, retreat. 

palayan-parayan, fugitive, s. 

tS'^^y^. pul-bandi, f. an embankment, dykes 

or mounds raised to prevent inundations ; keeping a 
bridge &c. in repair, also a tax levied for that purpose ; 
sodomy, pul-bandi-k., to ravish, to violate, p. 

fyi\>,pilpil, m. pepper, p. 

^Jj^b fiTcJf^Tc^ pilpild oi- Mc^Mc^l pulpuld, 

soft, flabby, flaccid, h. 

U^ljjb. fXlQ&rMc^MI pilpildnd, a. to soften, h. 

IJ^Jal.^. '3^''Iq5T«TT pulpuland, n. to fear, to 

dread ; to take a morsel into the mouth, and from the 
want of teeth being unable to chew, to turn it about, h. 

" ■ ■% ^bki.) fVj^sfTI^l^ p Up ildha t , f. softness, h. 
s^k^b. Mi^\i^\'^Z pulpuldhat, f. fear; the 

act of turning about a morsel in the mouth, h. 

Cl*i> snr plut, m. the protracted utterance of 
a vowel, being three times the length of a short vowel, s. 

U^U>\^)tr^r'ninT«n(also "q5S31Hll.*TT) palthd 
(OT palfhd)marnd, n. to sit down on the ground resting 
on the buttocks, h. [the buttocks, h. 

ifi^F^ ^^"ll palthi, f. a mode of sitting on 
ub ^I^TT paltu, m. turn, stead, exchange, 

recompense, revenge, retaliation, h. 

IJIaI) ""fT^TT*!! paltdnd, a. to cause to turn, to 

convert, h. 
\3l^Ui> XC^ZT 1«rT«il paltu khdna, a. to turn 

over head and heels ; to overturn, to be tilted, to re- 
bound. /{. 

\l^\^paitd-lend(\ , palat-L)fto reyenge,8i.c.h. 
,^ . 

J ub '^onn^ paltdw or paltd,o. m. contradic- 
tion, reaction, rebound, h. 
ujuciLJ-) "^^SZ^Sm palat-lend or paltd-lend, a. 

to take in return, to revenge, to exact retribution, h 

(^P^. V^^Z^paltan, f. a battalion, a regiment, h 

^-kJ^, T[^ZA\ palatnd,j\.io return, to turn back ; 

to retreat ; to overturn, to rebound ; to change, h. 

OiUl^jib ^(§Z\ mxin palthd-mdmd, n. to sit 

down on the ground resting on the buttocks, h. 
J'^.'^f^^mpulijythatland which is cultivated for 

every harvest, being never allowed to lie fallow, h. 

^^'- f^T^r^«TT pilachnd, n. to adhere, h. 
V^b '^l^S^ palrd, m. a scale, i.e. one side of a 

pair of scales, h. 

ijtj^.f^lW^P^h^) ^- ^ '^'"^ of forced meat h. 
C->L*b pllsdt, f. yellowness, yellow hue. d, 

]o]JJJ»^y> pul sirdt or puli sirdt, m. the bridge, 

over which Musalmans pass into paradise. — N. B. the 
wicked are sure to fall thence into the bottomless 
pit. p. a. 

C*..tA> pilisht, polluted impure, unclean ; 
(met.) f. an adulteress, a strumpet, p. 

^-^^f "*Iq5«B palak, f. the eyelid ; a moment ; 

palak daryd, m. clouds ; pdlak mama or -mafiearM, a. 
to wink. p. 

<-1AI) tf^jfoRTT pulkit, joyful, rejoiced, s. 
(jiiid) JTBJ plaksha, m. waved-leaf fig-tree 

(Ficus infectoria) \ another tree {Hibiscus populneoides); 
the holy fig-tree {Ficus religiosa); one of the seven 
Dwlpas or divisions of the world. «. 

i<^l ^Oi^dl pulki, m. a sort of Kadamb 

{Nauclea cadamba), s. 

(iAi trf^S^ pulin, m. an island of alluvial 

formation, a small island or bank left in a river upon 
the falling of waters. «. 

^?. f^lQ5«n pilnd, a. to attack, to assault ; n. 
to be bruised, thrashed, trodden, pressed, ground, t, 

^l '^l^'^palndf n. to be reared j to be fatten- 
ed, to thrive, s. 

jJJib. ^rf^j^ pulind, ra. a barbarian, an outcast, 

one inhabiting mountains and forests, t. 

^tXib V^^ir^pulhidd, m. a bundle, a parcel, h, 

i.fXib "ToS^ palang, m. a bed (without cur- 
tains), a bedstead, palang-posh, m. a coverlet, a coun- 
terpane : this last compound is commonly called a 
" palampore " by Europeans, palang tin chor, " the bed 
and three thieves," the constellation called " Charles's 
wain " (B.) p. 

tL^) palang, m. a tiger, a panther, a 
leopard, palang-afgan, tiger killer, a fierce warrior, p. 

tjjjil iHq5^, puling or Mft^^ pullinga, the 

masculine gender, s. 

jS'jCil) Tj'^^^ palangrl, f a small bedstead, k 


C 203 ) 


a worm. s. 

jjClb. palangt, of or relating to a tiger, tiger- 

"like, fierce, ferocious, p. 
j^_. 5R plav, m. a diver, a bird so called (.Pe- 

licanus fusicollis) : waved-leaf fig-tree (Ficus infectoria) ; 
a sort of grass {Cypertts rotundus) ; fragrant g^aaa in 
general, s. 

^ Mi^cf pallav, m. a sprout, a shoot, a branch 

with the leaves attached, s. 

^'^^^pallu, m. the hem of a garment, the 

border of a garment. p<Ulu-dar, a garment with gold 
or silver border, h. 

^. ^^ pillu, m. \ 

^^^v ^'^Ic4^l pilu,a, J 

.|^> Ti^m^ palwar, m. a kind of boat of 15 

to 20 tons burden for carrying goods ; applied chiefly 
to the slow heavy craft in the Sunderbuns : it is consi- 
dered to have come originally from Dacca, h. 

t>j\j^ "^T^^nft palwari, m. a boatman, people 

belonging to a boat or palwar. h, 
O^^. "*T^5^«n palmana, a. to cause to be 

reared or nourished, s, 

l^y^ Tf^Zl pallauiha or palautha, first-born 

(q. d. pahila utha or pahld ufha). h. 

li)^, ij^^eii pallavak, m. a kind of fish 

{Cyprinus denticulatus). t. 

(J^ Ti^s^gf palrval, m. the name of a plant 

(Trichosanihes dioica, Roxb,). palwal-lati, the plant of 
palwal). s. [tion. s. 

^j^^j 3R«f plavan, m. a deluge, an inunda- 
«b palla, m. a side (as of scales), (v. palla). p. 
«l> pula, soft, tender ; hollow, d. 
Vji) fjTfT pliha, f. the spleen (v. pliha). s. 
\Jl^> ir55^*n pulhana, a. to persuade, s. 
^j;^ f5I^ plihan, m. the spleen. «. 
\jvx^^ "Tf^fl^ pathinda or palihndd, m. \ 
(_f jJk^. Mftj^Uil palhindi or palihndi, f.J 

a shelf upon which water-pots are placed, a place 
where water is kept. h. 

j_^ f^^% pilaff f. the spleen ; a disease 
"from enlargement or inflammation of the spleen. «. 
^l ""T^^ p«^i> f- a ladle used to take out oil 

"with. h. 

jjj. Tj^ palli, f. a small village j a house 
"lizard, h. [of a tree. A. 

^^^. "^^X pala,i, f. a young branch or spray 

OkAb paUt (for palld), polluted, unclean, p. 
Ookb M<:jj1rf paht, m. a ghost* spirit of the 

deadl h. 

^JuJj Tl^rhrr paUta, m. a match (of a gun) ; a 

candle, palita chap-jana, to flash in the pan. p. 

(^^jub MqSVIW palethan, m. dry flour laid 

under and over bread when it is rolled, palethan 
pakdna, to contrive the ruin of any one. palethan 
nikalna, a. to beat severely, k. 

tiob piUd or palid, unclean, polluted, p. 
(^tijd) palidi, f. uncleanness, excrement, p. 

^aX) tj^SW pale,o, m. soup , pounded rice or 

flour put into soup to thicken it. palev or p<Ue,u, laud 
watered after ploughing. A. 

^i^ 51^ plihci, f. 1 the spleen ; the organ, 

^;4J^J. 3ft^«T plihan, m. J or the disease of it ; 

enlargement of the mesenteric glands. «. 
•l^jkb. 5ft?TfT pUhari, m. the holy fig-tree 
{Ficus religiosa), deemed an enemy to spleen, h. 
jtil^Ab 5^5^^ pUha-shatru,\m. a medicinal 

i^j^^^l 5rl^ pWia-ghna, J plant, com- 
monly called Rohinl or Rohera {Andersonia rohitaka). s. 
^^. ^Twn pampa, f. a river in the south of 

India, s. 

^Jy, xfTj pun, ^: puna, or ^i? p«m, again, 

also, afterwards, puna-puna or puna-punar, again and 
again, repeatedly. $. 

^, ^^pun (for Tfmpunya), m. virtue,virtuou8 

action, charity ; (opposite to fault) ; merit. *. 

^. f^^ pin, m. a sound, noise, s. 

(^\ VJH pan, m. an aggregate number, con- 
sisting of twenty iranc?«« (qv.). that is, eighty Aawrii 
(and sixteen pans make a kahan); a vow; promise; 
a bet, a wager, a stake at play : it is also used to de- 
note money in general; wages, hire, price; business; 
an agreement, a stipulation or clause in an agreement; 
(contr. of pan), aa, pan-batta, m. a betel-box. s. 

/^. ■'HT pan, a termination affixed to nouns, 

answering to the English terminations ship, hood, ness, 
&c., as, larak-pan, childhood, hdlak-pan, boyhood, h. 

^^. pan, conj. but, yet, for. d, 

\jj> xniT pana, a termination added to words 

to denote trade, state, or condition (also the same an 
pan), iLajauhart-pana, the trade of a jeweller, h. 

U> Tj^ punna, a. to abuse, revile, h. 

U? xn^ pannd, m. a beverage; the upper 

part of a shoe ; a termination answering to pan, q.v. h. 

Ix). "T^ pannd, m. an emerald ; a leaf. s. 

U> fxi^l pinna, m. a cake of mustard-seed 
remaining after the expression of the oil, which is 
given to cows, &c., for food. s. 

IjU). TJHKT pandrd, m.\a. drain or pipe by 
(CjUj. TTrTT^ pandrl, f.J which water runs oflf 

from the roof of a house, a spout. «. 
ti)Uo. frnrrcS pindk, m. the bow of Shiva, a 

musical instrument of one string shaped like a bow, 
the trident of Shiva, s. 

iU.)^ filHicfil pindkif f. a sort of viol. s. 
cl/lb. V!^(PJpun7idg, m. a tree from the flowers 

of which a yellowish dye is prepared (Rotleria line 
toria). s. 

^Uo "TrfT^ /jawa/a, m . | (seepandt'i) ; a spout. 
jJU> micjil pundl'i, f, J joawafi pama, to be 

"very fat (a horse), s. 



lili^, iTrTRT panana, a. to cause the milk to 

come into the udder of animals, h. 

slj^. panah, f. shade, shelter ; protection ; 

asylum, refuge, pandh-dih, a protector, panah kisi se seek protection, to avoid; used in comp. as 
jahdn-})aiidli , ii8y]am of the world, your Majesty, 'ada- 
lat-pandh, refuge of justice, your Worship, p. 

^CiT?. "^piPf^ pan-batta, m. a betel-box. h. 
jjui). pumha, m. cotton, pumba ba-gosh, deaf 

(lit. having cotton in the ear), pumba-dahan, silent in 
company, taciturn ; mealy-mouthed, pumba-doz, a 
carder of cotton, p. 

ll^juO. "T^T^T^ pnn-hhatia, m. a mixture of 

water and boiled rice (for drinking), h. 

^j^^fj*^. "^^H^T^ panbhatta, m. a betel-box. h. 
^^jUjj pumba,l, made of cotton, p. 

liljii^. Tnn«n pnmpana or II^^IMI panpana, a. 

to cause to flourish, to promote the prosperity of ano- 
ther; to refresh (little used), h. 

Ijul) TfflTjtTF fanapna, a. to commence in- 
creasing in bulk (a man, tree, &c.) ; to prosper, to 
flourish, to thrive, to shoot, to be refreshed, restored, li. 

^Uajo fTT«Tf^*n»n pinpinana, n. to twang, to 

whiz. h. 

ci^jfclijuo iTnrftnn^ pipinahat or ^nnm^ 

panpandhat, f. the whizzing of an arrow or shot. A. 

'^j^. "T^H^ pantawa, m. a kind of sweet- 

204 ) ^, 

j4^- "T^T panjar, m. or panjri, f. a rib. *. 
j4^-- f^V^U. pinjar, 'I m. a cage ; a trap, pinjrd 

meat. //. 

.F^J^. "^^^ panth, ^m. a road ; a sect, a reli- 
\^ix>^ ^^7^ panthd,} gious order, s. 
j^^j^ib Mriql panthl, m. a traveller ; a sec- 

"tary, afollower of any peculiar sect or master; generally 
used in comp., as kablr-pantht, a follower of Kabir. s. 

^. "'J^jown;, m. an aggregate, the whole, a 

heap. ». 

jjp. panj, five, naye panj, of five years old. 

male panj, of ten years old (these applied to horses 
only), panj 'aibi shar'l, very vicious (possessed of five 
vices, i.e. robbery, adultery, gaming, drunkenness, 
falsehood), pa/ij-aya^, the five chapters of the htr,dji, 
which are read during the mourning of aMusalman. 
panj tani pdk, the five holy persons, i.e. Muhammad, 
AH, Fdtima, Hasan, omA. Husain. p. 

i^lrpv panjab, m. the country inhabited by 

the Sikhs, so called from its being watered by five 
rivers, p. 

j^l^- panjabt, of or belonging to the Punjab ; 
" the language of the Sikhs, p. 

\j\:^y> panjara, m. a cotton-carder, d. 

CJw*W^ JJ panj angushtj m. einq-foil. p. 

l\^.- panj ah, fifty, panj ahum, fiftieth, p. 

f,^^.- f^f^Z pinjat, m. the concrete rheum of 

the eyes. s. 

j^y (^y< pinjar, yellow, tawny, reddish 
yellow; m. a bay orchesnut horse ; yellow orpiment t. 

jar, j 

^jT' fs^^i pinjra, J hona, n. to be or grow 

lean. s. 

t//*^- ^yO panjari, f. a rib. $. 

ijl»*» A^ panj sal, m. five years ; a five-year 

old (horse), p. 


&Axl#v panj-shamba, Thursday, p. 

^-'^^ S^.panj-*aib,\ery vicious (v.^a/y). p.a. 

»>^- '^^r^ panjika, f. the register or journal 

of Yama, the record of human actions. «. 
*>^v Pt| r^ cftT pinjiha, f. a roll of cotton from 

which the thread is spun. t. 

8^i\S<^.' panj-gana,^\e^o\di. p. 

s^^^^t ^anj-^os/ta,1 five-cornered, pentan- 

U^- panj-guna, J gular, quintuple, five- 
fold, p. 

AXj^ panj-ganj, the five senses, the five 

stated daily prayers enjoined on all good Musulmdns ; 
the name of a collection of five treatises on Arabic 
Grammar, p. [grass, used as a vessel. *. 

^J^v f^T^^t pitijH, f. two blades of kusa 

^.- panjnm, the fifth, p. 

(j^-- fMyff pinjan, m. a bow used for clean- 
ing cotton, s, 

O**.^" ^^^pinjush, m. the wax of the ear. ». 

O^'- f^T^S pinjul, m. the wick of a lamp. s. 

ii.M- panja, m. a claw, the bunch of fives ; a 

sort of link or torch resembling the five fingers, which 
is also called ;)an;-s/iaMa. a hand made of ivory, &c., 
to scratch the back, panja-phernd, to overcome, to 
overpower, panja-k., a kind of wrestling wherein the 
antagonists lock their fingers together, panja-kash, 
m. an iron instrument resembling a hand, with which 
wrestlers exercise themselves by locking their fingers 
into those of the instrument ; a kind of bread bearing 
the marks of five fingers, p. 

I;^^^- i^f^*ll'<l jnnjiyara, m. one whose busi- 

siness is to beat and separate cotton, h. 
viL*-c<i% fT^ pi'iy^ti "!• the concrete rheum of 

the eye.s. *. 

i^Jt^--- '^^:^(^ panjirt, f. a medicine composed 

of sugar, ghi, flour, &c., given to puerperal women | 

caudle, s. 

^. "^^panch, five; m. a council, an assembly, 

a meeting, a company ; arbitrators, panchddhydy. m. 
five readings or chapters; f. the aggregate of five 
chapters of the Shrl Bhdgavat, detailing the si)ort8 of 
Krishna with the Gopis. panchdgni, m. five firec 
amidst which a devotee performs penance, pandiamla, 
TO. the aggregate of five acid plants, viz. the jujube, 
pomegranate, sorrel, sjwndias, and citron, panchdng, 
m. five modes of devotion : silent prayer, burnt offer- 
ing, libation, batliing idols, and feeding Brahmans; 
an almanac ; reverence by extending the hands, bend 


C 205 ) 


Ing the knees and head, and in speech and look. 
pancK-bandh, m. a fine equa) to the fifth part of any 
thing lost or stolen, panch-bhadra, m. a horse with 
five auspicious marks ; a sauce of five ingredients. 
panch-bttut, m. the five elements : earth, air, fire, water, 
and ether (dkas). panch-bhutdtmd, m man as formed 
of the five elements, panch-pdtra, m. five vessels ; an 
offering made in five vessels, panch-prdn, m. the five 
airs supposed to be in the body, panch-parnl, f. a 
small shrub, panch-piriyd, any person, Hindu or 
other, who worships the five pirs or saints of the 
Musalmdns ; a caste of J^aldlkhors. panch-pallav, m. 
the aggregate of five sprouts used in religious cere- 
monies: viz. spondia, rose-apple, bel or inarmelos, 
citron, and wood-apple, panck-panchanakh, m. five 
kinds of animals allowed to be killed and eaten : hare, 
porcupine, alligator, rhinoceros, and tortoise, panclia- 
tapd m. an ascetic making penance between four fires 
and the sun above, panch-ttrthi, f. five places of pil- 
grimage : Vishranti, Saukar, Naimish, Prayag, and 
Pushkar; bathing on the day of the equinox, pancha- 
ratna, m. five precious objects : as, gold, diamond, 
pearl, ruby, amethyst, pancha-sugandhak, m. five aro- 
matic drugs: cloves, nutmeg, camphor, aloe wood, 
and kakkola. pancha-sund, m. pi. five things by which 
animal life may be accidentally destroyed : the fire- 
place, the slab on which condiments are ground, the 
broom, the pestle and mortar, and the water-pot. 
pancha-skdkhd. m. the hand, pancha-karma, ra. five ■ 
actions of the body or modes of evacuation, pancha- 
kosha, m. pi. the five sheathes supposed to invest the 
soul, pancha-kol, five spices: pepper, ginger, &c. 
pancha-kon, m. a pentagon, panch-khand, consisting 
of five stories, panch-gun, five times, five-fold, pancha- 
gtwya, five articles derived from the cow : milk, curds, 
ghi, urine, and dung, pancha-lakshan, m. a Purana, 
comprehending five topics : the creation of worlds, 
their destruction, the genealogies of gods and heroes, 
the reigns of Manus, and the actions of their descen- 
dants, pancha-loh, m. a compound of five metals : 
copper, brass, tin, lead, and iron, pancha-mdsya, m. 
the koil or Indian cuckoo, pancha-mul, m. the aggre- 
gate of five roots : the bel, Premna longfolia, cassia, 
Gilmena arborea, and the trumpet-flower, pancha- 
mull, f. the aggregate of five smaller roots ; Hedysarum 
gangeticum, H. lagopodioides, Solanum melongena, 
S. jacquini, and Tribulas lanuginosus. pancha-mahd- 
yagya, m. the five great sacraments of the Hindus, or 
the worship of spirits, progenitors, gods, Vedas, and 
mankind, by offerings of perfumes and flowers ; obse- 
quiiil rites, oblations with fire, the study of the Vedas, 
and hospitality, pancha-nad, m. the Panjdb, or 
country of five rivers, pancha-nakh, m. any animal ' 
having five toes, as the elephant, tortoise, tiger, &c. 
panchendriya, m. the five organs of sense, viz. eye, 
ear, nose, tongue, and skin ; or those of action, as 
hands, feet, windpipe, anus, and parts of generation, s. 

A.^. ^T»T^ panach, f. a bowstring, s. 

j^^-^Ufciil^- M<«rn<IT^ panchadhya,!, f. the ag- 
gregate of the five chapters of the Bhdgavat Purdna, 
comprising a detail of the sports of Krishna with the 
Gopts. s. 

J'^^- 'T^fT^ panchal, deceitful, cunning; m. 

a country in the north of India, h. 

O^^H TimiMiT panchdmrit, m. a kind of 

sweetmeat made of five ingredients ; or the term may 
be applied to the ingredients separately ; and these 
are said to be curdled milk, cream, ghi, honey, and 
sugar, s. [a lion. s. 

{^^- M*eI H H panchdnan,m.a. name of Shiva; 
jjjUH M<>aici*f panchawan, fifty-five. h. 
Oo.UH Tj^niir panchdyat, f. a meeting of 

any particular society, generally as a court of inquiry ; 
a jury, an inquest, originally consisting of five mem- 
bers, panchdyati-jati, an arbitration by persons of 

the same caste as the litigant parties, panchayati' 
khdngl, a domestic settlement of family quarrels, Sec 
panchdxjati-sarkdr , a court held by public authority. 
panchdyat-ndma, the written award of a court of arbi- 
tration, s. 

fj-;}-^^" ^'4\^A\ panchdyatt, f (same as paii- 
" chdyat, q. v.); also relationship, afSnity: the sentence 
or award of a panchdyat court, s. 

lils^- "T^nn panchata,, f. death, dissolution of 

the five elements of the body. s. 

yi^^'' "T^iTi^ pancha-tatwa, m. the five ele 

ments or principles according to the Hindus, viz. fire, 
earth, air, water, and ether or space ; the five essentials 
of certain rites, s. 

trg'f panchatra, a fee or duty of five 

per cent, levied from a successful litigant. «. 

X(^;fS( panchatwa,m. death,dissolution. s. 
i^i^^' W^!^ panchadas or panchadash, the 

fifteenth, s. [fold. *. 

Ubtij^- "'TiVT panchadhd, in five ways, five- 
dlsfH TiM«K panchak, f. a bowstring ; adj. 

five, relating to five, made of five, &c. ; m. an aggre- 
gate of five. s. 

i^^.-Tj^r^ panchak, taxes levied by the za^ 
minddrs, over and above the fixed revenue, h. 


consisting of five floors or stories (a house, &c.). «. 

iS^- "T*!'^^ pan-chahkif f. a water-mill. s. 
eJ^yX^.-r(^^U[^ pancha-gavya, m. five things 

derived from the cow, as, milk, curds, &C. ». 

ki:cH T^y^'ST panch-lard, consisting of five 

rows or strings (a necklace, &c.). h, 

t/\LfH 'T^^S^ panchlari, f. .a necklace of 

five rows. *. 

^jsrH ^^H pancham or panchama, the fifth ; 

m. name of a rag ; also of a sur, or musical note. «. 

ig^^- "Ti'ft jhinchaml, also panchamtn,f. the 

"fifth day of the moon. *. 

l3ys^.- Tf^itliX. panchotara, m. a transit duty 
of five per cent. ; a deduction from rent, &c., of fivo 
per cent. ; a custom-house, a toll-house, s. 

\jtj^,'tl^XJor'^W^tJ^ punchord, earthen 
vessel with a narrow neck, and having a hole in the 
bottom. When filled with water and the mouth 
stopped, no water flows from the hole below til