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Full text of "A dictionary, Hindustani and English, and English and Hindustani, the latter being entirely new"

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DICTIONARY, 



-HINDUSTANI AND ENGLISH, 



ENGLISH AND HINDUSTANI, 



LATTER BEING ENTIRELY NEW. 



By JOHN SHAKESPEAR. 



FOURTH EDITION, GREATLY ENLARGED. 



LONDON: 

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR, 

AND 

PUBLISHED BY PELHAM RICHARDSON, ^I'i, CORNHILL. 

1849. 



'^ X 



NV N ^^ •>„ ^ 



Printed by J. & H. COX (Beothers), 
printers to tit SjomiurabU ^ast-llntts (Eiimpaii;. 

74 & 75, Great Queen Street. 



TO 

MAJOR-GENERAL SIR ARCHIBALD GALLOWAY, K.C.B., Ckairmati. 
JOHN SHEPHERD, Esq., Deputij Chairman, 



SIR ROBERT CAMPBELL, Bart., 

JOHN LOCH, Esa., 

CHARLES MILLS, Esa., 

JOHN MASTERMAN, Esa., M.P., 

HENRY ST. GEORGE TUCKER, Esa., 

HENRY ALEXANDER, Esa., 

HENRY SHANK, Esa., 

RUSSELL ELLICE, Esa., 

SIR RICHARD JENKINS, G.C.B., 

JOHN COTTON, Esq., 

WILLIAM BUTTERWORTH BAYLEY, Esa. 



FRANCIS WARDEN, Esq., 

SIR HENRY WILLOCK, K.L.S., 

SIR JAMES WEIR HOGG, Bart., M.P., 

WILLIAM HENRY CHICHELEY PLOWDEN, Esq., M.P 

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL WILLIAM HENRY SYKES, 

MAJOR JAMES OLIPHANT, 

JOHN CLARMONT WHITEMAN, Esa., 

THE HON. WILLIAM HENRY LESLIE MELVILLE, 

ROSS DONNELLY MANGLES, Esa., M.P., 

MAJOR-GENERAL JAMES CAULFEILD, C.B., 

WILLIAM JOSEPH EASTWICK, Esa., 



DIRECTORS 

FOR 

MANAGING THE AFFAIRS 

OF THE 

HONOURABLE EAST-INDIA COMPANY, 

THE 

FOURTH EDITION 

OF 

THIS DICTIONARY 

WITH MUCH RESPECT, 

DEDICATED BY 

THEIR VERY OBEDIENT SERVANT, 

JOHN SHAKESPEAR. 



London, llih September, 15 



1821'?'?t> 



DICTIONARY, 

ENGLISH AHD HINDUSTANI. 



THE READING OF THE HINDUSTANI WORDS BEING GIVEN IN ROMAN CHARACTERS, OR OCCASIONALLY 

REFERRED TO BY THE NUMBERS OF THE COLUMNS WHERE SUCH WORDS ARE 

TO BE FOUND IN THE PRECEDING PART. 



A few Hindustani verbs being of most frequent recurrence, will be represented by the Italic letters corresponding to their 
initials : thus, li^Jb hond, to be, by h. \ \i\s^jjnd, to go, by^. ; Ij^i karnd, to do, by k. \ li.O dend, to give, by d. 



A, ek, ko'I, kuchh, 2218, 1285. 

Aaron, harun. 

Abaft, pichhwara, pTchhil. 

To Abandon, tajna, chhorna, tark k., 650. 

, {one's conntry) jila-watan k. 

Abandoned, {vicious) chaur chaupat, pa- 
tit, kliwar. 

, {quitted) mahjur, chhuta. 

To le Abandoned, chhutna, chhutna. 

Abandoning, {subst.)\tdx\i, tyilg : see To 

Abandonment, J Leave. 

To Abase, zalil i., halka k., 491, 1693. 

Abasement, tazUl, zillat, adhinata. 

To Abash, sukchana, chapana, 474, 1751. 

Abashed, khaji], lajjit, 1391, sar-nigun. 

To be Abashed, sharmana, 1295, 852. 

To Abate, {i\ n.) kam bona, ghatna. 

, (». a.) ghatana, 1992, kamana. 

Abated, kam, halka, mukhaffaf, luo. 
Abatement, takhfif, gliati, 1612, 1740. 
Abbey, khankfili, da'iia. 
Abbot, ila'ira-dar, mahant. 
To Abbreviate, ikhtisar k., kam k. 
Abbreviated, mulditasar, sanchhep. 
Abbreviation, ikhtisfir, 1323, 648. 
A, B, c, alif be, huruf-i-tahajjl. 



ABO 

To Abdicate, chborna, tark*., 716. 
Abdication, tark, ty.ig, i'tizal. 
Abdicator, tyagi, tarik. 
Abdomen, pet, kokb : see Belly. 
Abed, palang-par, cbarpa'!-par. 
Aberrance, Aberration, kupatb. 
To Abet, ishtl'fdak dena, 2187, 1355, 1386. 
Abettor, see Supporter, Exciter, Ally. 
To Abhor, dur bbagna, ghrina k., 1620. 
Abhorred, makrfih. 

Abhorrence, natrat, ghrina, 1566, 1570. 
Abhorrent, Abhorrer, mutanaffir. 
To Abide, bastia, rahna, thaharna. 

, (iy a promise) 293. 

Abject, zalil, kliwar, niclf, 805, 535, 1492. 
Abjectness, zillat, khwarl, 1875. 
Abilities, liyiikat, mankabat. 
Ability, takat, makdiir, bitt, 1237, 107. 
Abjuration, bargashtagi, irtidad. 
To Abjure, inhiraf A., hadls k. 
Ablative case, maf ul-bih or -ma'a. 
Able, kabil, lil'ik, sakta, samarthi. 
To be Able, sakna, dast-ras or la'ik h. 

, {to bear) tab lana. 

Able-bodied, balwant, katta, khinga. 
Ablution, ghusl, ashnan, sauch. 

, {before prayer) wazu, 703. 

Aboard, par, nav-par, sawar : see On. 

7 D 



ABR 

Abode, thikana, makan, makam. 

At the Abode, yahaii. 

Abodement, khatka. 

To Abolish, utha d., nest*., mitana. 

Abolished, mabv, maukiif, ma'dura. 

To be Abolished, uthna, mahv kiya jana. 

Abolisher, Abolishing, mubtil, nasikh. 

Abolishment, Abolition, mahv, naskh. 

Abominable, makruh, ghinauna, karlh. 

To Abominate, dfir bhagna, 1616. 

Abomination, nabsiyat, nafrat, karh. 

Abortion, iskat-i-baml, pet girna. 

To procure an Abortion, pet dalna. 

Abortive, za'i", anarth, la-hasil, bratha. 

Above, {over) upar, bar, par, fauk. 

, {beyond) siwa, age, ziyada. 

cited, "1 mazkiir, markum, mam- 

mentioned,/ duh, 1906, 1892. 

measure, az hadd, nihayat, nipat. 

To Abound, umadna, bbarna, 543. 
About, as-pas, gird-a-gird, 74, 1513. 

to be, hone-wala, hone-hara, 381. 

To walk About, phima, pherna. 

To Abrade, (». a.) ragarna, ghisana. 

To be Abraded, gbisna, khiyana. 

Abraham, Ibrahim. 

Abrasion, ragar, ghisa'o, ghisawat. 

Abreast, bar-a-bar, karekar, lage lage. 



2242 



ABU 



To Abridge, ikhtisar k., muklitasar k. 

Abridged, mukhtasar, sanchliep. 

Abridgement, i^tisar, sanchhepan. 

Abroach, urhak-par. 

Abroad, bahar, pardes, bidesi, 502. 

To Abrogate, utha dena, maukuf k. 

Abrogation, naskh ; see Abolition. 

Abrupt, (rude) gustakb, (rugged) behar. 

Abruptly, na-gah, achanak, yak-a-yak. 

Abruptness, jaldl, harbari. 

Abrus Pbecatorius, {seed) kunch, 974, 

(shrub) gan). 
Abscess, pbora, dumbal, dummal. 
To Abscond, chhipa r., bhagj., ruposh h. 
Absence, firak, hijran, duri, 289, 769. 

of mind, tari, do-chita'i. 

In the Absence, pas ghaibat, pichhe. 
Absent, gbair-ha^ir, gha'ib, juda, 1472. 

in mind, gbafil, do-dU-a. 

To ie Absent, juda h., dur A., 1039. 
To Absolve, mu'af i., mubarra k. 
Absolved, mubarra, mu'af, khalas. 
Absolute, (despotic) mukhtar, apabas. 
Absolutely, (altogether) mutlak, mutla- 

kan, albatta, khwahi na khwahi. 
Absoluteness, sar-khudi, mukhtari. 
Absolution, afu, chbima, mochh. 
To Absorb, sokhna, jazbi., chusna. 
Absorbed, gbark hu'a, khapa, lin. 
The being Absorbed, istighrak. 
To de Absorbed, (in) dubna, khapna, jazbA. 
Absorbent, jazib. 
Absorption, jazb, sokb, 1807, 620. 
To Abstain, baz rahna, ihtiraz k., 1077. 
Abstemious, parbezgar, kam-khor, parsa. 
Abstemiousness, riyazat, kam-kboraki. 
Abstinence, ihtiraz, parsa'i, 529, 1606. 
Abstinent, parbezgar, bosbyar, kam-kbor. 
Abstract, (adj.) mughlak, daklk, gurh. 

, (subst.) mujmal, khulasa. 

of an account, goshwara. 

To Abstract, intikbab k., nikal rakbna. 
Abstracted, (in mind) du-chit or -chitta. 
Abstraction, kat'i nazar, juda'i, 620. 
Abstruse, mughlak, dakik, ghamiz, gurh. 
Abstruseness, Abstrusity, ighlak, 1051. 
Absurd, na-ma"kiil, beja, anarth, 1447. 

reasoning, kaj-bahsT. 

talk, harza-go'T, hazliyat. 

Absurdities, wahiyat, puchiyat, 2004. 
Absurdity, Absurdness, jawa-go'i, be- 

hudagi, be-tahi, 221, 664. 
Abundance, ifrat, ka-srat, bahutiiyat, 73. 
In Abundance, ba-kasrat, ba-ifrat. 
Abundant, firawan, bahutera, wafir. 
Abuse, (in language) gfili, 1211, 299. 

, (ill treatment) bad-suluk-I. 

, (mutual) gall-galauj, phakkap. 

To Abuse, give Abuse, gall deni, 387. 
, (treat ill) chherna, abru Icni. 



ACC 

Abuser, phakkar-baz : see Abusive. 
Abusive, bad-zaban, jibhara, 1211, 
Abyss, ka'r, ghar, khoh, dab. 
Abyssinian, habshi, (fern.) habsbani. 
Acacia, akakiya, babul, 281, 1673, 1929. 
Academical, madrasana. 
Academy, raadrasa, chat-sal, 1938. 
AcALYPHA betulina, (dakh.) chindi. 

Indica, (dakh.) kuppi. 

Acanthus ilicifolius, harkat. 
AcARUs, (species of) indrabadhu. 

siro, cham-juii, 846. 

To Accede, manna, razl h., 1 168. 

7b Accelerate, cbalana: see To Hasten, 

Expedite. 
Accent, lahja, dharan, sur, mat. 
To Accent, zarb lagana (?). 
Accentuation, lahja. 
To Accept, lena, kabul k., manna. 

a bill of exchange, Sfc, sakarna. 

Acceptable, makbul, khush, 1969, 1955. 
To be Acceptable, khush ana, bhaua. 
Acceptance, kabuUyat. 
Acceptation, (of a word) ma'ni, arth. 
Accepted, makbul, kabul. 
To be Accepted, kabul bona. 
Access, dakhl, pahunch, paith, 1172. 

of fever, naubat, cbarha'o. 

To grant Access, rah dena. 

To have Access, dakhl pana. 

Having Access, mutakarrib. 

Accessary, sathi, sharik, sangi, madadgar. 

Accessible, mumkinu-d-dukhul. 

Accession, (addition) barbti, (arriving at) 

rasa'I, pahunch, (to a throne) julus, 639. 
Accidence, sarf : see Grammar. 
Accident, ittiiak, hadisa, 1444, 1322. 
Accidental, ittifak-i, arizi, 2035. 
Accidentally, ittifakan, kazara, 147,2224. 
Accidents, waridat, sawanih, 2119. 
Acclamation, aftin, jai-jai-kar, 636. 
Acclivity, cbarha'o, charha'I, faraz, 630. 
To Accomodate, khabar lena, sudh lena. 
Accommodation, subhita, musalaha, 1477. 
Accompanied, mas'hub. 
To Accompany, rifakat A., lag chalna. 
Accomplice, sharik, sangi, muttafik, sajhi. 
To Accomplish, ba-sar lejiina, 1273, 2041. 
Accomplished, mukamraal, 1301, 1540. 
To be Accomplished, nibhna, nikalna. 
Accomplishment, tamaml, anjam, 1503. 
Accomplishments, kamaliyat, 503, 1503. 
Accord, Accordance, mila'o, 1980. 
To Accord, (v. n.) milna, muttafik h. 

, (». a.) milfina, barabar *. 

According, (agreeing) muttafik. 
According to, hash, muwafik, mukta^a. 

as, jaisa. 

To Accost, tokna, salam *., khitab *. 
Account, {reckoning) Ijisab, shumSr, 1809, 



ACH 

(estimation) kadr, sbumar, (tale) hikayat, 
456, 961 : — current, jam" o kharch : — 
of collected money, wasilat : — of cur- 
rent demands, hal-i-taujih. 

Account book, daftar, tumar, siyaha. 

Carried to Account, mabsub. 

Q/" Account, muta'addid. 

On Account, liye, waste, 1821, 818. 

To Account, januil, dalalat k. 

for, thikana k., 284. 

To call to Account, pa'e hisab lana. 

To give an Account, jawab d., jharti d. 

To keep Account of, hisab rakbna. 

To settle the Account of gaiyi and loss, {at 
cards) bujh lena. 

To take an Account, hisab lena. 

Accounts, hisab, siyak, hisab kitab. 

of the revenues, ia.m'-handl. 

Book of Accounts, babi. 

Demanding a settlement 0/ Accounts, mu- 
hasaba-talab. 

Making vp q/' Accounts, ihtisab. 

One who keeps Accounts, mubasib. 

Settlement 0/ Accounts, muhasaba. 

To clear Accounts, hisab pak *. 

To settle, audit Accounts, muhasaba lena. 

Accountable, jawab-dih, jawabi, hisabi, 
{surety) zamin. 

To be AccouNTABLE/or, jawab d. 

Accountant, hisab-nawis, 203, 1857. 

Village Accountant, karamchari. 

To Accoutre, sajna, sajna : see To Dress. 

Accoutrement, Accoutrements, saz, kil- 
-kanta : see Dress. 

Accretion, jama'o. 

To Accrue, basil h., labna, 587. 

To Accumulate, batorna, jam' *., 1487. 

Accumulated, mutarakim. 

Accumulation, jama'o, jam", dher, 1139. 

Accuracy, Accurateness, sihhat, dib;kat. 

Accurate, sahih, thik, chaukas, hushyar. 

Accurately, thIk thik, surt se. 

Accursed, mal'un, da'i-mara, la"nati. 

Accusation, da wa, shikayat, 309, 1946 : 
false — , tuhmat, iftira, buhtan. 

Accusative case, maf' ul, karm-kai-ak. 

To Accuse, da"wa *., ulahna d. : — 
falsely, tuhmat-lagana. 

Accuser, mudda'i, daman-gir, 1701. 

False Accuser, muftari, tuhmati. 

To Accustom, kho dfilna, adat *., 1229. 

Accustomed, musta'mal, 5di, kho-gar. 

Ace, (at cards) nakka, yakka. 

, (at dice) pau, nakka. 

Acescent, Acetous, khatta-sa. 

Ache, dukh, dard, pTr, huk, bedan. 

To Ache, dukhna, siilna, piranii, dard k. 

To Achieve, nibahna, pfmii, ba-sar lejana. 

Achievement, jokhim : see Exploit. 

Aching, {pain) chasak, dard. 



ACT 

AcHYRANTHES asppra, chirchira. 

ternifoha {dukh.) clianchli. 

lanata, khal. 

Acid, khattfi, tursh, ami, chfik. 

An Acid, khata'i. 

Acidity, Acidness, khata'i, turshl. 

To Acidulate, turshana, khatta h. 

Acidulous, khatta-sa, tarshi-ma'il. 

To Acknowledge, manaa, ka'ilA., ikrari. 

a favour, shukr k. 

Acknowledging, (owning) ka'il, mu'tarif. 
Acknowledgment, i'tiraf, manauti, 1958. 

of favour, shukr-i-ni'mat. 

Acknowledgment of a cause beinff finally 

settled, razi-nama. 
Acme, see Height, Violence, Crisis. 
AcoNiTUM/«-o.r, bachnag (?). 
Acorn, balut. 

AcoRUS calamus, bach, vach. 
To AcauAiNT, khabar k., ittila" k., kahna. 
Acau AiNTANCE, ashnS'i, pahchan, shinasa'i. 
An Acquaintance, ashna, jan-pahchan. 
A slight AcauAiNTANCE, bafta-dost. 
Acquainted, wakif, mutfali", figfih. 
To ie Acquainted, k]i:ibarraklinri, wakif A. 
TbieAcaUAiNTEDjriY/^pahcbrinna.risbnaA. 
To Acquiesce, rSzi /;., ka'il /(., ban kabna. 
Acquiescence, raza, prasannata, 1176. 
Acquiescing, raza-mand, razi. 
To Acquire, baham pabuncbjinii, piina, 

hasil or tabsTl A., cbbinna, arjana. 
Acquired, uparjit, basil kiya, paya. 
To be Acquired, basil ^., bath ana. 
Acquirejient, Acquisition, iktisab, tab- 

-sil, arjan, husQI, dast-ras, uparjan. 
To Acquit, mubarra k., iiistarna. 
Acquittal, Acquittance, chhutti, riba'i, 

nistar, mocban, ibra. 
Acquitted, ban, mubarra. 
Acre, see BTgha. 

Acrid, talkb, tez, karwa, cbirpira, badd. 
Acrimonious, talkb. tund : see Severe. 
Acrimony, talkhi, tundi, cbirpirabat. 
Across, {athwart) ara, tircbha, benda. 

, {over) par, war-par. 

AcROSTicK, mu'amma. 

Act, amal, kam, klya, karam, fi'l. 

Act of a play, darja. 

To Act, karna, amal k. 

, {a play) nakl k. , bhagat kbelna. 

Acting, karan : see Action. 

, {mimickry) nakkali, sang, 388, 1338. 

Action, amal, kartab, fi'l, kam, kaj, {at 

law) kaziya, da'wa. 
Actions, a'mal, af 'al, fi'fd. 
Active, cbalak, pburtlla, cbust, cbarphara, 

{a medicine) kargar, 1286: — ver6,ft'l- 

-i-muta'addi, {voice of a verb) ma'ruf. 
Activeness, Activity, chusti, chalaki. 
Actor, {mimick) nakkal, nat, 1338, 385. 



ADJ 

Actress, nakkrdin, bhandin. 

Actual, Actually, tahklk, 1250 1261. 

To Actuate, tabrik k., chalana. 

Acumen, tez-fabmi, zihn, ziraki. 

Acute, {sharp) tez, noklla, {clever) tez- 
-fahm, zirak, zaki. 

Acutenbss, {acumen, q.v.) maharat, ziraki. 

, {sharpness) tezi, tundi, nok-darl. 

, {violence of a disease) sbiddat, sakbti. 

Adage, kabawat, makiila. 

Adam, adam. 

Adamant, hira, almas. 

Adamantinus corundum, kurand. 

Adam's Apple, gbanti, kanth. 

To Adapt, tbik or durust or barabar *. 

Adapted, la'ik, joga, sumel. 

To Add, jam* k., jorna, gatbri k. 

Added, muziif, mulbak, jora hii'a. 

Adder, samp, sarp : see Snake. 

To Addict, adi k., kbo dalna. 

Addicted, adi, raa'il, 1937 : — to gaming, 
kbilaur : — to pleasure, bilasi. 

Addition, paiwand, izafat, 165. 

, {in arithmetick) mJzan, tbIk. 

Additional, ziyada, adhik, afziid, mazld. 

Additions, zawa'id. 

Addle-egg, khaki anda. 

Address, {petition, q. v.) nibedan, {dexte- 
rity) jugat, 962, 1307, {of a letter) sar- 
-nama, 167, {direction) pata, (««e) alkab, 
kbitiib. 

To Address, kbitab k., bat k., kahna. 

Addressed, {person) mukbatab. 

To Adduce, lana, batlana, 1033, 1034. 

Adept, mahir, ustad, pakka, hazik. 

Adequate, kafi, barabar, tbik, kabil. 

Adequately, thiktbak, andaze se. 

To Adhere, cbipatna, chipakna, lipatna. 

to a person, sabit rahna, laga rahna. 

To make Adhere, satana, gatbwana. 

Adhered, cbaspida, cbipta. 

Adherence, laga'o, girawidagi. 

Adherent, Adherer, rafik, wabasta, mu - 
takid, sangi. 

Adherents, wabastagan, rufaka. 

Adhering, {subst.) satasat : see Adhesion. 

, {adj.) labik, lazim. 

Adhesion, liptii'o, paiwastagi, satasat. 

Adhesive, chipchipa, lazij. 

Adieu, kbud.a bafiz, bida, alwida". 

Adipous, mota, farbih. 

Adit, surang. 

Adjacency, ittisal, jiwar, kurb, nazdikl. 

Adjacent, muttasil, paiwasta, karib. 

Adjective, sifat, na't, biseshan. 

To Adjoin, lagna, muttasil h. 

Adjoined, labik, paiwasta, laga hil'a. 

Adjoining, muttasil, karib, mutawassil. 

To Adjourn, nagba or antar or maukiif k. 

Adjournment, nagha, ta'f.il. 



ADO 



2243 



To Adjudge, bukm k., dilaiii. 

Adjudication, faisala. 

Adjunct, {subst.) izafat. 

Adjunct, Adjunctive, mulbak. 

Adjunction, ilbfik. 

To Adjure, kasam d., soiib d. 

To Adjust, durust *., banana, 875, 646. 

Adjusted, muntazam, chuka hu'a. 

To 4e Adjusted, banna, cbukna, 1501. 

Adjuster, tartib-dene-wala, naz^m. 

Adjusting, {a business, subst.) mudawara. 

Adjustment, {management) sarbarahi. 

, {adjudication) faisala. 

Adjutant, naklb : — bird, kbages. 

Admeasurement, Admensdration : see 
Measurement, Measure. 

To Administer, karna, dena : see To Con- 
VEY : — justice, dad ko pabunebna : — 
an oath, kasam dilana. 

Administerer of justice, dad-ras. 

Administering medicine, tadawi. 

Administration, intizam, amanat-darl: 
— of justice, siyasat, adl-gustarl. 

Administrator, {of a will) wasi, {fern.) 
wasiya: — of justice, adl-gustar, 1012. 

Admirable, ajib, tubfa, bbala, adbhut. 

Admiral, amIru-1-babr. 

Admiration, ta'ajjub, achraj, ajab. 

i^'wH 0/ Admiration, muta'ajjib. 

To AdmirEj ta'ajjub k. : see To Like, Love. 

Admired, manziir. 

Admirer, see Lover, Enamoured. 

Admiring, {attachment) girawidagi. 

, {wondering at) muta'ajjib. 

Admissible, majaz, praman, manzur. 

Admission, mudiikhalat, paitb, paisar. 

To Admit, ane d., rab d. : see To Allow. 

Admittance, baryabi, bar: see Admission. 

To r^use Admittance, rab bandbna. 

Admitted, {allowed entrance) dakhll. 

into the women's apartments, or into a 

sacred place, mabram. 

Admixture, mUa'o, milonl, amezish. 

To Admonish, samjbana, nasihat k. 

Admonisher, naslhat-gar, wa'iz, cbeta. 

Admonition, naslbat, wa'z, tambib, 554. 

Ado, tag o dau, daur dbiip, milinat. 

With much Ado, girte parte, 136, 1786. 

Adolescence, bulughat, taruna'I, 804. 

To Adopt, {a child) god lena, le piilna, 442. 

habit, adat k. , kbo dalna. 

Adopted, (cAi'M) luffl, le palak, 1835, {fa- 
ther or godfather) dbarm-bap, {son) 
dharm-beta, 469, 535, (word) dakhll. 
mankiil : — into use, masnQn. 

Adoption, pisar-kbwandagl, ras, tabanni. 

Adorable, pflja-jog, pujman : see Lovely. 

Adoration, piija, ibadat, parastisb. 

To Adore, piijna, bbajna, ibadat k., 84. 

Adored, ma'biid, archit, masjud. 



2244 



ADU 



Adorer, abid, bhakt, archak, 515, 765. 
To Adorn, sudharna, sanwarna, banana. 
Adorned, arasta, zlnat-pazir, zeba. 
Adorning, (mbst.) zeba'ish, zain. 
Adown, nicbe : see Down {downward). 
To be Adrift, cbbutnS, chiiutna, bahna. 
To set Adrift, bahana. 
Adroit, chalak-dast, cbatur, 858, 1531. 
Adroitness, chalak-dasti, kar-sazi, 854. 
Adry, {thirsty) pi'asa : see Dry. 
Advance, barhtl, awati, pesh-kadami. 

, {of money) peshgi, barhni, peshl. 

In, Advance, agori, aga'u. 

To Advance, age ana, barhna, charhna. 

, {v. a.) barhana, charhana, 159. 

, {to meet a person) aga'u_;., 157. 

Advanced guard or post of an army, hara- 

wal, agmana, tall'a, karawal. 
Advancement, barha'o, tarakki, 1565. 
Advances, (of money) dadni, takawi. 
Advantage, fa'ida, phal, bihtarl, labh. 

• , (svperiorily) ghalaba, jit. 

Not to have an Advantage, 1596. 
Reaping the Advantage, (subst.) mat'. 
To get Advantage over, kabu pan-i. 
To have the Advantage, warrahna, 1021. 
To take Advantage of, danw cbalana, 1503. 
Advantageods, S'ida-mand, mufid, 2032. 
Adventitious, arizi. 
Adventure, majara, sar-guzasbt, hadisa. 
Adventurer, mutalashi, saiyah. 
Adventurous, jan-baz, man-chala, 1280. 
Adverb, harf-i-tamiz, zarf. 

of place, zarf-i-makan. 

of time, zarf-i-zamSn. 

of similitude, harf-i-tasbbih. 

Adversary, mukhalif, bairl, 1477, 956. 
Adverse, mukbalif, na-muwafik, nakiz. 
Adversity, muslbat, bad-bakbti, 28 1 , 1 497. 
To Advert, liliaz i., sochna, dhyan A. 
Advertence, Advertency, dhyan, liliaz. 
To Advertise, ishtihar *., izhar Ic., 890. 
Advertisement, ishtibar-nama. 
Advertiser, mukhbir, inila'-kame-wala. 
Advice, (co«nse/)nasibat, salab, 1911, 1622. 

, {intelligence) kliabar, inila*. 

Attending to Advice, liarf-shinau. 
Not attending to Advice, l.iarf-na-shinau. 
Private Advice, mantar. 
Advisable, salah, joga, bihtar, aslah. 
To Advise, {v. n.) salal.i *., clietna, 1542. 

, (». a.) na-^il.iat t., kliabar (J., chitana. 

Advised, Advisedly, majlaljatan. 
Adviser, na^ih, mantrl, mushir, wa'iz. 
Advising together, (subst.) musbawarat. 
Adulatio.v, samajat, chaplusi, lallo patto. 
Adult, baligli, jawan, tarun. 
To Adulterate, khonta *., taghallubi *. 
Adultp.rated, kapati, kalb, kbonta,kara. 
Adulteration, taghallub, kapat, zur, 622. 



AFR 

Adult£RER, zina-kar, chbinala, fajir, zani. 
Adulteress, chhinal, iabisha, fajira. 
Adulterous, fajur, zina-kar. 
Adultery, chbinala, zina, fisk-fajiir. 
Advocate, sbafi', pacbchhi, liami. 
Adz, basiila, tesha. 

jEgle marmelos, bilb, bel, siphal, sada. 
^schynomene grandiflora, agasti, akti. 

paludosa, shola, bhend (?). 

sesban, jait or jet. 

Aerial, bawa'i, nabh-char. 
Afar, dur, dur daraz, ba'id, par. 
Affability, milansaii, muriiwat, liilm. 
Affable, milansar, kliush-kbo, liallm. 
Affair, mukaddama, amr, bat, kaj. 
Important Affair, mubimm, (plur.) -at. 
Affairs, umiir, masalih, maratib. 
Serious, important Affairs, mahamm. 
To Affect, (operate on) asr k., khubhna. 

, (imitate, q. v.) bhagal nikalna. 

fondness, garmi k. 

Affectation, bhagal, bahana, nakhra-bazi. 
Affected, nakhra-baz, tirchha, 32, 884 : 

— gait, latak-chal : — person, akar-baz. 
To be Affected, (act affectedly) tirchhana. 
Affecting, (pathetic) dard-angez, dil-soz : 

— in old age the manners of youth, burh- 

-bhas : — not to see or hear a petitioner, 

&-C., chashm-poshl. 
Affection, shafakat, lag, lagan, neb, 1445. 
Affectionate, shaflk, mibrban, 531, 111. 
To Affiance, saga'i k., nisbat k., mangnIX:. 
Affianced, (m.) makbtub, (/.) makhtuba. 
Affidavit, dibbya : see Declaration. 
Affinity, nisbat, sambandh, 1510, 82. 
To Affirm, ikrari., kahna, 293. 
Affirmation, ikrar, kaul, bachan, 255. 
Affirmative, musbit : — (prop.) mujiba. 
Affirmer, mukirr, mu'tarif, ka'il. 
To Affix, jorna, paiwaud k., lagana. 
To Afflict, satana, Iza d., ranjida i. 
Afflicted, dukhl, sogwar, ranj&r, 1034. 
To be Afflicted, dukh pana, kurbna. 
Affliction, sog, dukh, ranj,663, 1213, 97. 
Affluence, sampat, faragliat, dhan, 1178. 
Affluent, dhani, mutamauwil, ghanl. 
Afflux, ijtima", baha'o : see Concourse. 
To Afford, dast-ras h., de saknii, dena. 
7b Affright, darana, bharkana. 
Affront, kbiffat, hikarat, ihanat, zillat. 
To Affront, kbiffat *., latarna, halka k. 
To take a.t an Affront, burii miinna. 
Afloat, bahta, tirta. 
To set Afloat, bhasana, babana, sirana. 
Afoot, piyada pa, paiiw panw, paidal. 
Aforenamed, Aforesaid, mazkur, igoi. 
Afraid, dahshat-nak, kbii'if, trasa, 1006. 

to meet another, kanaunda. 

To be Afraid, bbai kbanii, darna, 1295. 
Afresh, naye sir se, azsar-i-nau, taza. 



AGR 

Aft, picbhwara, pichbil (Roeb.). 

After, ba*d, picbhe, pas, min ba*d. 

After all, akhirash, nidan, akibat, ant. 

Afterbirth, jer, kheri, lijbri, hal. 

Afternoon, sipabar, bikal or baikal. 

Afterwards, ba'd, picbbe, tab,i839, 1956. 

Aga, agha, aka. 

Again, phir, pber, mvJtarrar, baa, 397. 

and again, ber her, gab gab. 

As much Again, do-cbandan, muza'af. 

Against, Wiilaf, mukabil, bar khilaf. 

the grain, (dakh.) talam-tolii. 

To stand Agape, munb pasarna, tak rahna. 

Agaric, gbarlkun, agbarlkun. 

Agate, sang-i-sulaimani, yashb, yashm. 

Agati grandiflora (of Desveaujc), akti. 

Agave vivipara, jangli kanwar. 

Age, umr, ayurbal, sinn, (time) asr, 1077 : 
— of the world, jug, yug, (golden, silver, 
brazen, iron), 1250, 655, 1072, 1603. 

Aged, musinu, kuhan-sal, biirba, pir. 

Agency, (operation) tasTr, (means) wasa tat. 

(in business), gumashtagi, wikalat. 

Agent, (actor) fa'il, karta, ami]. 

, (deputy) gumasbta, wakil, peshkar. 

To Agglutinate, (v. n.) laslasana, (». a.) 
saresh se jorna. 

Agglutination, jamawat. 

roAGGRANDizE.barhana: see To Increase. 

Aggrandized, murtafa* : see Exalted. 

Aggrandizement, azamat, barhtl. 

To Aggravate, (make worse) badtar k. 

, (increase, q. v.) ziyada *. 

Aggregate, majmii'a, jumla, oglj, gathri. 

To Aggress, chherna, pabal k., sabkat k. 

Aggression, pahal, pesh-dasti, sabkat. 

Aggressor, mabni-i-fasad, murtakib. 

Aghast, bhachak, baul-zada, haibat-zada. 

To be Aghast, hakbakana. 

Agile, chust chalak, ajil : see Active. 

Agility, phurti, chalaki, chabuki, ta'jil. 

To Agitate, hilana, dulana, dahliina. 

, (discuss) radd-badal k. 

Agitated, muztarib, tapida, atur, byiikul. 

Easily Agitated, harbariya. 

To be Agitated, (confused) ghabrana. 

, (to palpitate) tarapna. 

Agitation, hila'o, bilker, dula'o, jumbish. 

, (confusion) bharak, ghabriihat. 

, (discussion) radd-badal. 

Ago, iigii, age, sabik men, peshtar. 

To be Agog, tarasnii, jhansna. 

To set Agog, tarsana, targbib d. 

Agonies of death, jan-kani, sakarat, naz*. 

Gasping in McAooNiESo/'rfea/A,jan-kandan. 

To be in Me Agonies q/'(feaM,paiiw ragariia. 

Agony, 'sakarat, jan-kani, gharra, naz". 

To Agree, (accord) milna, muttafik A., 35. 

, (assent) manna, razi h., kabfil *. 

, (stipulate) shart k., bacbau d., 303. 



AKI 

To Agree, {snit) banibar h., milna, bannri. 
Agreeablk, makbul, inan/ur, 1055, 848. 

,(con/or»«ai;e) rautubik.barabar.eksrm: 

to be — , achclilia lagna, khush ana. 

Agreeableness, makbuliyat, munasabat. 

Agreeably to, hasb : — to circmnstances, 
hasb-i-hal : — to custom, hasbu-1-ma"- 
mul ; — to one's wishes, khatir-khwah : 
— to the order, hasbu-1-hukm. 

Agreed, kabul, razi, mashrut, ma'hud. 
2'o be Agreed to, kabul h. 

Agreeing, muttafik, muwiifik, dam-saz. 

Agreement, (concord) ittifak, niiirip, sulh, 
(resemblance) musliabahat, tawilfuk. 

, (compact) uhd-nama, 1855, 1523. 

, (bargain) hor, shart. 

To make an Agreement, hor lagana. 

Agreements, shara'it. 

Agriculture, kishtkfiri, zirii'at, sir, 1667. 

Agriculturalist, kishtkar,kisaii,dihkilni. 

Agrostis linearis, janewa, dub, hariyfdi. 

Aground, khara, atka, zamm-par. 

Ague, tap-i-larza, jurl, larzi. 

cake, tab-tilll. 

Ah ! ah ! haif ! afsos ! wfdi wa ! hfi'e ! 

Aha ! ahaba ha ! wachhire. 

Ahead, age, agu, dar-pesh, agari. 

Aid, madad, sahayata, yawari, kumak. 

To Aid, madad k., zoi- d., madadgar A. 

Aide-de-camp, musfd.iib, nakib. 

Aider, madadgar, salia'I, dastglr, kumaki. 
Aiding, («(//. )musa'id, yawar, (subst.)imdiu[. 

AlGRETTE,»kaIgllI. 

AiGULET, latkaa. 

Ail, Ailment, dukh, byiidb, taklif, dard. 
To Ail, satana, dukh d., lagna. 
AiLANTHUS excelsa, jangli sarv. 
Ailing, kahila, kasalmand, manda, bimar. 
Aim, shast, nishana, (design) kasd, ghat. 
To Aim, take Aim, shast bandhna, ditna. 
Air, ba'o, hawa, pawan, bayar, batiis. 

, (in musick) nawa, ilhan, ahang. 

, (appearance, manner, q. v.) chihra. 

Fragrant Air, nasim : see Zephyr. 

To Air, (clothes, Sfc.) seukna. 

To take the Air, sair k., tahalna, '2199. 

The taking the Air, sair. 

One taking the Air, saiyar. 

Airhole, mokh, randa. 

Airiness, hawa-darl : see Gayety. 

An Airing, sau". 

Airs, akar-bazi, albel-pana, naz. 

To give otieself Mks, akarua, itrana, 906. 

Airy, hawa'I, hawa-dar. 

, (gag) ranglla, chulbula, albela. 

, (pain) chhichora, ochha, itar. 

To Ake, pirana, dukhna, dard k. 
Akin, karabati, saga, nate-dar, (similar) 
mushabih, saman, muwafik. 



ALT 



2245 



Alack, Alackaday, hai hai ! haihat ! 
Alacrity, dilgarml, dildihl, chomp. 
Alangium hexapetalum, akol. 

decapetalum, akolfi. 

Alarm, garbarahat, ghabrahat. 

, (tumult) daghdagha, harbarl, hullar, 

raula, balwa, khalbali. 
To Alarm, darilna, dahshat d., chitana. 
Alarmed, bhachak, bhaichak, dahshat-nak. 
To be Alarmed, bhabharna, bharakna. 
Alarming, dahshat-nak, bhayanak. 
Alas, dai-egh, afsos, ilh, ha'e ha'e, 2121. 
Alauda aggia, agiya, charandhul, 869. 
Albugo, phulll, phfdl, gul. 
Alchymist, kimiyii-gar, muhauwis. 
Alchymy, klmiya, kimiya-garl, simiya. 
Alcohol, kul.il (whence is our alcohol). 
Alcoran, kur'an, alkur'an, furkan. 
Alcove, kubba, mandwa. 
Ale, buza, boza, buja. 
Alembick, bhabka, karamblk, khum. 
Alert, phurtlla, chrdfik, char-bang, 445. 
ALERTNESis, cliii-l?. .■Irinkasfi'I, hoshyfirl. 
Aleuritks lr,lul.„. ,/;■,„/ of the) akbrot. 
Alexander, i^k.in.lir, sikandar. 
Alexipharmick, tiryak, tiryaki. 
Algebra, jabro mukabala, abikt ganit. 
Alias, urf. 

Alien, bidesT, birana, fiprl. 
To Alienate, de dfdnfi, hiba d., begana k. 
Alienation, muffirakat, juda'I. 

of mind, be-khud-i. 

To Alight, utarna, nazil h., utarparna. 

To came to Alight, utarna, utarwana. 

Alighting, (part.) nazil, (subst.) nuziil. 

Alike, eksan, mushabih, barabar, saman. 

Aliment, adhar, ghiza, khurak, kut. 

Alimony, mahr. 

Alive, jita, zinda, jiwat, sajiw. 

Alkali, khar, kshar. 

Fossil or mineral Alkali, reh, sajjl, khih. 

All, sara, sab, haraa, kuU, jami', sabhoii. 

All around, gird-a-gird, as-pas. 

at once, ek-bargi, ek-a-ek, bare, ik-sar. 

together, yak-kalam, ik-sar, ek-lakht. 

hail ! jai, mubarak. 

At All, mutlakan, mutlaka. 
With All that, har-chand, har-chand ki. 
To Allay, taklifif *., ghatana, baithana. 
Allayed , dhlma, manda, takhflf kiya. 
Allegation, ikrar, hath-dharmi. 
To Allege, ikrar karna, kahna. 
Allegiance, tabi"-darl, farman-bardarl. 
Allegorical, majiizi, musta'ar. 
Allegorically, tamsilan. 

Allegory, tamsil, masal, tashbih. 

To Alleviate, takhflf d., halka *., kam k. 

ALLEVIATING,ALLEVIATION,takhflf,ghattl. 

7 E 



Alleviated, mukhaffaf. 

Alley, gali, naka, khoil, paddT, 86.3, 1324. 

Alliance, (relationship) karabat, nisbat. 

, (confederacy) mu'ahada, 2010, 538.* 

Allied, (related) mansiib. 

Alligator, kumbhTr,boch,sher-i-abI, nakr. 

Alliteration, tajnis. 

Allium porruin, gandana. 

sativum, lahsan. 

To Allot, bantna, taksim k., bakhra k. 
Allotment, bakhra. hissa, kismat, 273. 
Allotted, maksum. 
To Allow, (give) dena, dilana, khabarlena. 

, (admit) milnna, kabiil k., 132, 1035. 

, (abate) ghatana, takhflf It. 

Allowable, Allowed, halal, mubiih, ja'iz. 
Allowance, (portion) ratib, bakhra, rizk. 

•, (pay) talab, sharh, mushahara. 

Extrak\.i.ow\-sc-e,lo troops onservice,}A\7Adi. 

Fixed Allowance or gratuity, ma'mul. 

Alloyed, (silver) siibar. 

Allspice, sital-chmi. 

Tu Allude, dalfdat k., ruju* k. 

To Allure, III'.], 1, nfi, mohna,fareb (f.,1774. 

Alluremi;n 1, tanlj. j;i/b, moh, kashish. 

Alluring, («'//•) ilil-kash, dil-ruba, 1750. 

Allusion, ishara, kinaya, mansha,ima. 

By Allusion, Allusively, kinayatan. 

Allusive, majazi. 

All-wise, hama-dan. 

Ally-, rafllj, sharik, kumaki, 538, 1739. 

Almanack, patra, takwim, poti, chaurl. 

maker, munajjim. 

The Almighty, parameswar, hakk-ta'ala. 
Almond, badam, lauz. 
ALMoyo-coloured or -shaped, badami. 
Almonds, (confection of) lauzTna. 
Sweetmeats made with Almonds, lauziyat. 
Almost, an-karib, karib, lag-bhag. 
Alms, khairat. bhikh, zakat, 262, 1418. 
To ask or beg Alms, bhIkh maugna. 
Almshouse, langar, langar-khana. 
AhOE perfoliata, ghikuwar, kauwar, 1597. 
Aloes- wood, (y4}(«Y«riac^a/tocAo) agar, ud. 
0«o/ Aloes-wood, (dakh.) cho'a. 
Aloes, (juice) elwa, sabir, musabbar. 
Aloft, bala, faraz, iipar, buland, dol par. 
Alone, akela, tanha, ap-hi-ap, ikla. 
To let Alone, jane-rf., chhorna. 
Along, age : go Along, chale ja'o. 
- — - with, baham, samet, sath. 
Aloof, alag, nirala, nyara, kinare, diir. 
To keep Aloof, kinara k., alag rahna. 
Aloud, pukarke, buland awaz-se. 
Alphabet, alif be, buruf-i-tahajji. 
Alpinia galanga, khohnjan. 
Already, ab-hl, age. 
Also, bhi, am-, niz, ham, aizan, tau, to. 
Altar, bedi, bedikji, kurban-gah, mazbih. 
To Alter, (v. n.) tiighir h., tabdll h. , 



2246 



AMB 



Alter, (ji. a.) tagjilr *., badalnii, badla lena. 
Alteration-, taghlr, taghaiyur, tabaddul. 
ALTERCATioN,radd-badal,kaha-kahI,jawab- 

-suwal, kil o kal, hujjat, gufc o shanud. 
Altered, mubaddal, digar-gun, 1929 : to 

be — , tagbir h. : from good to bad, 948. 
Alternate, pher-phar, mutabaddil. 
To Alternate, pher-phar k. 
Alternately, janibain se, bara-bari. 
Alternating, Alternation, pherapberi. 
Alternative, chara, bat, ilaj, bbata (?). 
Althea rosea, (dakh.) wilayati kango'i. 
Although, agarchi, harchand, go-ki. 
Altitude, raf'at, uncha'i, unchas, iitifa". 
Altogether, mutlak, bi-1-jumla, 2049. 
AxuM, phitkari, zaj-i-sufaid, 576. 
Always, sada, hamesha, da'jm, nit. 
Am, hun, {Braj) hauii, boii. 
Amadavat or Amaduvades, chitti, sadya. 
Amain, sir ke bhal, sakbt, zor se. 
Amanuensis, katib, likhnl-das, lekhak. 
Amaranth, jata-dhari, taj-i-kharos. 
Amaranthus, {flower) kalga : — campes- 

tris, churi ki bhaji : — cruenius, gul-kesh : 

— gangeticus, lal-sag: — oleraceus, mat 

ki bhaji : — polygamm, chaula'I : — sjn- 

nosus, (da/ch.) kanta rajgira : — iristis, 

mat kl bhaji. 
To Amass, jam" i., sametna, batoma. 
Amateur, kanrasiyii. Amatory, ishkT. 
To Amaze, bhachkana, hairan A. 
Amazed, mutaliaiyir, sarasima. 
To ic Am AZED ,bhachak rahna, chaundhiyana. 
AMAZEMENT,AMAZE,haiiat,chaundhiyahat, 

gbabrahat, ta'ajjub, sargardani. 
Amazing, ajab, liairat-angez, ajib. 
Ambassadour, elchi, dut, wakil. 
Office 0/ Ambassadour, elchi-garl. 
Officer appointed to receive and entertain an 

Ambassadour, mihmandar. 
To act the Ambassadour, elchi-gaii A. 
Ambassadourship, elchl-panii. 
Amber, kah-ruba, (sort of) mand. 
Quality 0/ Amber, kahruba'i. 
Ambergris, ambar, ablr. 
Perfumed with Ambergris, mu'ambar. 
Of the colour o/Ambergris, ambarin. 
Ambidexter, do-dasti, do-hatha. 
Ambidextrous, dobhnyan, dobhyan. 
Ambiguity, Ambiguousness, mughiilata, 

ishtibah, ibham, pher, ishkal, lapet. 
Ambiguous, mut;tamil, bharmila, 1833. 

expression, ramz. 

Ambition, hir?, umang, hausila, hanas. 

Ambitious, umangi, ali-himmat, 967. 

To be vainly Ambitious, bawas pakana. 

'Jo Amble, yarghii chalana. 

Amble, AMBi,iNo(o/a horse), yargha, 1 159. 

Ambling horse, n'lhwar. 

Ambrosia, amcit. 



ANA 

Ambuscade, Ambush, kamin-gah, gara. 
To lie in Ambush, gare baithna, dabakna. 
To Ameliorate, nimnaua. 
Amen, amin or amin. 
Amenable, jawab-dih, jawabi. 
To be Amen.\ble, jawab dena. 
To Amend, durust or islal.i *., sudliarna. 
Amendment, islah, arastagi, durusti. 
Amends, tawan, iwaz, badla. 
Making Amends, talafi. 
To Amerce, tawan lagana, dand lena. 
Amercement, dand, dand, tawan. 
Amethyst, jabalkum, (dakh.) manik. 
Amiable, mahbiibu-1-kuliib, bha'ota. 
Amiableness, makbiillyat, kliubi. 
Amicable, Amicably, hila-mila, dostana. 
Amid, Amidst, dar-miyan, bich, men. 
Amiss, be-ja, bura, zabiin, na-la'ik, bad. 
To take Amiss, bura manna. 
Amity, dosti, ittihad, mihrbani. 
Gum Ammoniac, samagh hamama. 
Sal Ammoniac, naushadar, nausadar. 
Ammunition, asbab-i-jangi, saman. 
X)ee(? q/" Amnesty, mu'afi-nama. 
Amomum, hamama: — zedoaria, nirbisi : 

— zinziber, adrak. 
Among, Amongst, men, bich, dar-miyan. 
Amorous, ashikana, ishk-baz, kami : — 

dalliance, kam-keli, kel, keli : ■ — look or 

looks, karashma, shewa : — playfulness, 

Tshwa, naz. 
Amorousness, ishk-bazi, raska'i. 
Amount, jumla, jam", gathri, moth, 715. 
To Amount, pahunchna, barhna, hojana. 
Amour, satta-batta, ashiki, ishk-bazT, ashti. 
Amphisb^ina, do-munh-a. 
Amphitheatre, nazar-gah. 
Ample, kushada, farakh, bara, 587. 
Ampleness, farakhl, pahan, bara'i. 
Amplification, mubalagha. 
To Amplify, barhana, mubalagha k. 
Amplitude, wus'at, marhab, phaila'o. 
Amply, has, kifayat se, bahut sa, ifrat se. 
To Amputate, kat dalna, kat" k. 
Amputated, burida, kat" kiya gaya. 

hand, (slump) thCnth. 

Amputation, inkita", katan, jazm. 
Amulet, totka, ta'wiz, birz, ta'it, jantar. 
To Amuse, bahliina, halrawna, fareb d. 

one's self, ji bahlana. 

Amusement, tafrlh, labv-la'b, 672, 687. 
Place 0/ Amusement, rang-bhum. 
Amusing, Amusive, chit-lagan, 859, 1930. 
Amybis agallocha, giigal. 

gileadensis, (fruit of) habb-i-balsiia. 

An, ek, yak, ko'i, kuchh. 
Anacabdium occidentale, kajii. 
Anagram, tahrif. 

Analogical, Analogous, kiyiisi, 1906. 
Analogy, kaiina, mushabahat, 1957, 1980. 



ANI 

Analysis, tafrik, tafsll, tajazzl. 

To Analyze, tafrik karnii. 

Anarchy, barhami, bal-chal, andher. 

Anas casarca, chakrvak, chakwa, 1276. 

Anasarca, istiska-i-zikki. 

Anathema, la'nat, dhikkar. 

Anatomist, tashrih-diin. 

Anatomy, tashrih. 

Ancestor, jadd, purkha, buzurg, 155. 

Ancestors, ajdad, purkhe, bare, 114. 

Ancestry, purkhe, aba, ajdad, aslaf. 

Anchor, langar, nangar (Hoeb.). 

To be at Anchor, langar par bona. 

To cast Anchor, langar dalna, langar k. 

To weigh Anchor, langar uthana. 

Anchoret, Anchorite, gosha-nishin, 620. 

Ancient, kadim, peshin, puraua, 498. 

From Ancient times, kadim se. 

Anciently, age, kadim men. 

Ancientness, kadamat. 

Ancients, mutakaddimin, kudama, 517. 

And, aur, au, wa, bhi, aru, (dakh.) haur : 

■ — if, wagar, war : — if not, war na : — 

so forth, wa ghaira. 
Andropogon aciculatum, sankhahuli (}) : 

— muricatum, usTr, khas. 1681, 1282: 

— nardus, bazar masalih : — schcenan- 
thus, bala, boda : — sorghum, jaundri, 
811, (dakh.) gnnjni. 

Anecdote, nakl, nukta. 
Anemone, shaka'iku-n-nu"man. 
Anethum graveolem, s&'i chuka. 

Anew, naye sir se, az sar-i-nau, taza. 
Angel, firishta, malak, diit, hatif. 

of death, izra'il, malaku-1-maut. 

Recording Angel, sijil, chitrgupt. 
Angelica, sumbul-i-khata'i. 
Angelick, malak-T, parl-chihra. 
Angels, mala'ik, mala'ika, malkut. 

that question the dead, munkar nakir. 

World 0/ Angels, malkiit. 

Anger, ghussa, khashm, ris, ghazab, krodh, 

kop, 816, 449, 209 : in —, ghusse. 
To Anger, kurhana, bharkana, ghusse k. 
Angle, ziiwiya, kona, khunt, gosha. 

of the eye, kii'a, (outer) dumbal. 

of the mouth, gal-phara. 

Right Angle, kiVima. 
To speak Angrily, kurkuriina. 
Angry, khafU, khashm-nivk, krodhi. 
To be Angry, kurhna, risanii, 1661. 
To get Angry, khijlana, khafa h. 
Anguish, ?.ik, sok, alam, aziib, 439. 
Angular, kona-dar, goshe-diir. 
Animadversion, ilziim, sar-zanish, 692. 
To Animadvert, tan tornii, ilziim d. 
Animal, (subst.) l.miwfm, janwar, hassas. 
, (adj.) 7.Triih,priini, jiindar : — food, 

sagoti : — that grazes, charand, charanda. 



AXS 

Animalcules, liasharfit, kire makore. 
To Animate, {yive life) jilana, jan d. 

, {encourage) tlharas d., tasalH d. 

Animated, dil-garm. diler, chalak, zinda. 

Animati\'., mi !i ■ ■, r^Vi-alzfl. 
AnIMATMIX, iM, II ■ , ].ill-il:ir-r, jl. 

Animatou, jriii-,ii':ii in, i.in-bakhsh. 

Oriental Anime, kah-ruba. 

Animosity, bair, kina, lag, adawat. 

Ani procidentia, kanch nikalna. 

Anise-seed, anisun, saunf. 

Ankle, Ankle-joint, taklma, 159a, 1386. 

Annalist, mu'arrikh, rawi. 

Annals, tawarikh, tarikh. 

To Anneal, ta'ona. 

To Annex, jorna, wasl k., laga d. 

Annexation, illiiik, (rfaiA.) juran. 

Annexed, muzaf, mulhak, jora. 

Annexion, izafat, paiwastagi, laga'o. 

To Annihilate, metna, nest k., 2059. 

Annihilated, ma'dum, na-bild. 

To be Annihilated, nest na-biid h., 2059. 

Annihilation, adam, na-bud-I, 2104. 

Anniversary, {adj.) baras-wan. 

Annona reticulata, {fruit) lona, nona. 

squamosa, {fruit) sbarifa, 1362. 

Annotation, sharh, tippan, tika. 

Annotator, mufassir, sharili. 

To Announce, jatiina, kahna, zahir k. 

Announcing news, mukhbir. 

To Annoy, tasdi" d., taklif rf., 1251. 

Annoyance, Annoy, tasdi", Iza, dikk. 

Annual, jjaraswan, saliyana, har-sala (?). 

' tax or rent, barasaurl. 

Annually, sal ba-sal, salha sal, har-sal. 

Annuitant, saliyana-dar. 

Annuity, saliyana. 

To Annul, maukfif Xt., metna, radd k. 

Annular, chbaUe-dar, gnl. 

Annulled, mansfikh, utha diyii. 

Annunciation, sala. 

Anodyne, musakkin, 659, dukh-haran. 

To Anoint, malna, chuparna, 1436. 

Anointing, tad'hin, mas'h, mardan. 

Anomalous, shazz, khilaf-i-kiyas. 

Anomaly, istisna, khilaf-kiyasi. 

Anon, jaldl, shitabi. 

Anony'mous, gum-nam, na-ma"liim. 

Another, aur, diisra, digar, ek aur. 

Belonging to or o/" Another, paraya. 

Answer, jawab, uttar, utara. 

To Answer, {reply) jawab d., uttar d., 
{suit, succeed) bannil, ban parna, thik 
ana, chalnii, sudbarna, barabar ana. 

Unable to Answer, la-jawiib, 430. 

Answerable, jawiib-dih : see Surety-, 
EauAL. 

Answered in prayer, mustajabu-d-du'a. 

Answerer, jawab-dih. 



APH 

Answering, {corresponding) mutabik. 

> {"f prayer, Sfc.) ijabat, 104. 

Ant, mor, nainl : black — , pilak, chyiinta : 

large — , cbfmta, makora : small — , 

cliQntT, chintT, chyunti : white — , dimak, 

diwak : U'/iite — hill, de'ara. 
Antagonist, harif, khasm, mudda'f. 
Antahctick7)0?c, kutb-i-janiibl. 
Antecedent, mukaddam, awwal. 

, {in grammar) marja', 1916, 1990. 

Antelope, haran, chikara, rojh, ahu. 
Skin of an Antelope, mirg-chhala. 
Anterior, peshln, mutakaddim, 1226. 
Anthem, astut. 

A^THEMis pyrethrum, akarkarha. 
ANTHONY's/re, surldi bada. 
Anthritis, {gout in the joints) gathiyaba'i. 
Antichamber, jilau-kbana, dewrlii. 
Antichrist, dajjal. 
To Anticipate, pesh-dasti k. 
Anticipation, pesh-dasti, 607. 
Antidote, pa-zabr, tiryak, 655. 
Antilope ^/c<n, rojh, nil gaw, 153". 
Antimony', anjan, kuhl, surma. 
Antipathy, chir, chirh, nafrat, 14,50. 
Antipodes, watidu-l-arz. 
Antique, kadim, mutakaddim. 
Antiquity, awa'il, kadamat, kadim. 
Antistrophe, raddu-1-ajz ala-s-sadr. 
Antithesis, mu'araza. 
Antler, shakh, sing. 
Anvil, niha'i, ghan, sindan. 
To be on the Anvil, dar pesh h. 
Anus, gand, guda, marag, mak'ad. 
Anxiety, andesha, parwa, andoh, fikr, be- 

-karari, tashwish, chinta, soch. 
Anxious, andesha-nak, be-karar, 436. 
Any-, kuchh, ko'i, kisu, kisT, ko'u : — body, 

— ■ one, ko'i, ko'i ek, kas ; — hoxo, kisii 

taralj : — thing, kuchh, hech : — where, 

kahin. 
AoRiST, (m grammar) muzari". 
Apace, jaldi, shitabi. 
Apart, alag, juda, dar kinar, alahida. 
Apartment, kothri, kamara, mahall : — 

for festivity , i^c, rang-mahall. 
Apartments of married women, khass- 

-mahall : — of the concubines of great 

men, chor-mahall. 
Women's Apartments, haram, zanana. 
Men's Apartments, mardana. 
Inner Apartments, antah-pur. 
Apathy, tajahul, be-parwa'i, majhuli. 
Ape, bandar, maimiin, bozna. 
To Ape, taklid k., hiska k., tatabbu" *. 
Aperient, Aperitive, mus'hil, mulaiyin. 
Aperture, chhed, mokha, surakh, 1589. 
Apex, chonti, nok, ani, sir. 
Aphorism, makula, kahawat. 
Aphrodisiaca, mubahhi. 



APP 



2247 



ApHTH.r., munhan, nmanwai'i. 

Apiece, ek ek, bar ek, liar yak. 

Apish, itar : see Playful, &c. 

Apocope, hazf, lop, tarkhiin. 

Apologist, Apologizing, uzr-khwah. 

To Apologize, uzr-khwahl k., 1313. 

Apologue, tamsH, kahani, masal. 

Apology, uzr, ma'zarat, binti. 

To make an Apology, uzr-khwahi k. 

Apoplexy, sakta, {dakh.) hamda. 

Apostasy, bargashtagi, 82, 165, 193. 

Apostate, Apostatized, bargashta, 1878. 

To Apostatize, inl.iiraf A., phirna, 1878. 

Apostle, hawari, firishta, mursal. 

Apostrophe, {in rhetorick) iltiiat. 

Apothecary-, attar, pansari. 

Apothecary-'s shop, dawa-khana. 

To Appal, haibat dikhlana, darana. 

Appalled, haibat-zada. 

Apparatus, saman, sar-anjam, loi, 1237. 

Apparel, kapre, libas, posbak, 1168, 332. 

To Apparel, poshak paharna, pahanna. 

Apparent, zahir, namiid, ayan, ashkara. 

Apparently-, zahiran, ghaliban. 

Apparition, chhaya, saya, bhut, 323. 

Appeal, darkhwast, rujii*, tasdik. 

To Appeal, rujii' k. 

To Appear, sujhna, dikha'i d., disna, na- 
zar ana, zahir A., ma'liim h,, lakhna. 

Appearance, surat, zahir, 1397, 2084. 

In Appearance, ba-zahir, siiratan. 

Appearing, {subst.) zuhur, {adj.) tali*. 

of the new moon, istihlal. 

To Appease, aram d., taskin d., 741. 

Appellant, faryadi, mudda'f. 

Appellation, nam, nanw, lakab. 

To Append, latkana, jorna, paiwand k. 

Appendage, lahik, muzaf, muta'allik. 

Appendages, muta'allikat, lawahik. 

Appendant, muta'allik. 

Appendix, tatimma, zail, sekh. 

To Appertain, lagna, ta'alluk rakhna. 

Appetite, bhQkh, chah, ishtiha, jii'". 

To Applaud, iifrin k., sarahna, tahsin k. 

Applause, tahsin, sana, shabashl. 

Apple, seb, sew : bitter — , hanzal : — of 
the eye, putU, dorla : wood — , kawtt. 

Applicable, sazawar, la'ik, thlk. 

Application, {attention) tandihi, sa'i, {re- 
guest) darkhwast, istid'a : — of a blister, 
chitta : — of remedies, chikitsa : — of a 
word, itlak : — to a sore, HfC, lap, za- 
mad, tila. 

Applied, {med) musta'mal. 

to for aid, Sfc, mustaghas. 

To Apply, {v. n.) be Applied, lagna, 
{suit, fit) thik an5, lagna, {v. a. give) 
lagana, dena : — the mind, dil lagana, 
man lana : — to one's own purpose, 663. 

To Appoint, {fx) mu'aiyan k., thahrana. _ 



ARI 



ARR 



Appoint a lime, wa'da k. 

Appointed, muta'aiyin, mukarrar. 

Appointing, (subst.) ta'in. 

Appointment, ta'in, {office) uhda. 

Place o/" Appointment, wa"da-gah. 

To make an Appointment, wa'da t. 

Person holding an Appointment nnder 
government, mansabdar. 

To Apportion, taksim A., Mssa k., 273. 

Apposite, la'ik, muniisib, joga, ba-jii. 

Appositeness, liyakat, munasabat. 

To Appraise, ankna, kutna, mulana. 

Appraisement, anka'o, takhmiga, kut. 

By Appraisement, takhminan. 

Appraiser, atkal-baz, mukim, nirkhi. 

To Apprehend, {seize) pakarna, {compre- 
hend) samajhna, bujbna, janna, {dread) 
sakuchna, dama. 

Apprehension, {notion) bujh, samajh, 
khayal. {dread) sandeh, sansii, andesba. 

Apprehensive, bhawit, waswasi, 1126. 

To be Apprehensive, sukuchna, 2171. 

Apprentice, shagird, sikh. 

Apprenticeship, shagirdl. 

To Apprize, khabar k., agab k., 766. 

Apprized, agab, wakif, khabar-dar. 

Approach, awa'i, amad amad, awati. 

7Y)ApPR0ACH,nazdIkana,uagchana,dbukna. 

Approaches, {to a fort) morcbal. 

Approaching, {adj.) warid, mutakarrib. 

, {subst.) takrib, wurud. 

Approbation, kabul, pasand, 636, 64. 

To Appropriate, makhsus k., thabrana. 

Appropriated, mukbtass, makbsus. 

Appropriation, ikbti?as, tasbakbkbus. 

Approval, see under Approbation. 

To Approve, pasand k., talisin k., 848. 

Approved of, pasandida, dil-pazTr, 1968. 

To be Approved, kabul h., bhana. 

Approver, razi, rawa-dar. 

Approximated, mukarrab, muttasil. 

Approximation, takrib, nazdikl, 1932. 

Appurtenances, lawazim, lawaziaiat. 

Apricot, zard-fdu, kbiibanl. 

April-May, baisakh. 

Apron, mail-khora. 

Apropos, bar wakt, bar-mahall. 

Apsis {higher) of a planet, auj. 

Apt, {ready) musta'idd, {inclined) ma'il, 
{fit) muwafik, {intelligent) tez-fahm. 

Aptitude, Aptness, sbayastagi, liyakat, 
mail, tez-fahmi. 

Aptly, kama yambaglil, salike se. 

AavAifortia, tez ab. 

AauA marina, billaur, 356. 

Aquarius, {the lign) dalv, kumbh. 

AauATiCK, abi, paniha, jal-cbar. 

animal, jal-jantu. 

AauEDOCT, nsiw-dan, muhrl, nahr. 

AauEOUS, abl, mart.ub. 



AariLARiA agallocha, agar. 
Arab of the desert, a'riibi. 
Arabia, arab, arabistan : — felix, yaman : 

— petroea, hijaz. 
Apart q/" Arabia, najd. 

Arabian, {man, horse, Sfc.) arabi, tazi. 
Arabic, arabi, arabiya, tazl. 
Arabic character, {kind of) naskh. 
Arable, khetl, kabil-i-zira'at, 836, 766. 
Araches ht/pogtea, mung-pbalT, 2144. 
Arbitrary, {absolute) mukbtai-, mustakiU, 

{irilhout rule) be-ka'ida. 
To Arbitrate, munsifl k., salis! k. 
Arbitration, salisT, bich-bicha'o, 1968. 
Arbitrator, Arbiter, salis, munsif,miyaii- 

-ji, hakam. Arbitrators, panch. 
Arbitress, salisa. 

Arbour, kunj, mandwa, {dakh.) dat. 
Arc, kaus. Arch («.), kubba, tak, inibrab. 
Arch, {adj.) tbattbe-baz, zarif, kai-a. 
Arched, taki, gumbazi, mihrabi. 

building, tak. 

Archer, tir-andaz, kaman-dar, 1102. 
Sign of the Archer, kaus. 
Archery, tir-andazi, kamnaitl. 
Architect, mi'mar, tbawa'i, bani. 
Architecture, mi'mari, banikarl. 
ARCHtTR.iVE, kagar, nat, sbahtir. 
Archives, daftar, daftar-khana. 
Arctick pole, kutb-i-shimall. 
Ardea antigone, saras : — argala, gurur : 

— leucocephala, manik-jor ; — torra and 
puiea, bak, wak : — virgo, karkara. 

Ardency, garmi, sozisb : see Ardour. 

Ardent, garm, soz-nak, mubrik, 946. 

Ardor urince, cbinag. 

Ardour, garmi, bararat, sozish, 1057. 

Arduous, musbkil, dushwar, sakht. 

Arduousness, dusbwiiri, sakhti. 

Are, bain, hainge. 

Area, arsa, faza, {court) sabn, 787. 

or Arena for wrestlers, phulka. 

Areca caetchu, suparl, adhkapali : — • tree, 
guwfik : — nut, with two kernels, 1550. 

Argemone mexicana, bbarbhand. 

Argillaceous, gill, chiknl mitti kfi. 

To Argue, bahasna, balis k., 676, 256. 

Arguer, babbas, jhagralu, hujjatl. 

Argument, {proof) dalil, sanad, {reason) 
ba'is, sabab, Ijujjat, {subject) mabljas, 
{dispute) balls, munaf.ara, 1169. 

Argumentation, babs, munazara. 

Argumentative, dallli, mubabisl (?). 

Arguments, dalii'il, adilla, mawadd. 

Arid, sukhfi, khuslik, yiibis. 

Aridity, yubusat, kliusbki. 

Aries, {the sign) bamal, mesl), mekli : en- 
trance of the sun into — , 1254. 

Aright, kamii liakkuhu, riistr se. ba-klnibi. 

Tb Arise, uthnfi, charhnS, 1437, 355, 2077. 



Aristotle, aristu. 

Mode 0/ Arithmetical notation, rakam. 

Arithmetician, bisab-dan, 2195, 1718. 

Arithmetick, ilm-i-bisab, siyak, 2195. 

A work on Arithmetick, lilavatl. 

Ark of the covenant, tabut. 

Ark {of Noah), kisbti, kishti nub kl. 

Arm, {upper) bazu, "banh : fore — , sa'id, 

bbuj : — of the sea, sota, sot. 
To Arm, batbyar baudbnii, kamar bandbna. 
Armed, batbyar band, musallah, 1609. 

with a spear, neza-dar. 

Armenia, arman. Armenian, amiani. 

Armful, kaula. 

Armhole, bagbal, kankb, kakbrl. 

Armies, afwaj, asakir. 

Arming, {for battle, ifc.) kamar-bandi. 

Armistice, mublat. 

Armlet, bhuj-bandh, bijayath, 277. 

Armorial bearings, nishan, 97b', 670. 

Armour, silah, jausban, kavach. 

Iron Armour, baktar, zirab, 842, 468 : 

wearing of — , silab-posbl : — bearer, 

silah-dar : in — , musailab. 
Armourer, silab-saz, 1426, 343. 
Armoury, silab-kbana. 1304, 1523. 
Armpit, bagbal, kiinkb, kakliri. 
Soreness in the Armpit, 1595, 1927. 
Arms, hathyiir, silah, saz, harba. 
Family Arms, nisban. 
Place or magazine of Arms, 1392. 
To use Arms, shastr kaina. 
Army, lashkar, askar, sena, fauj,dal; centre, 

{of an — ) kalb : main body, TsfXh. 
Aromatic, Aromatical, mabklla, 1005. 
Around, as-pas, idbar-udhar, 1695. 
To Arouse, {v. n.) jagna, {v. a.) jagana. 
To Arraign, da'wa *., ilzam d. 
Arraignment, daman-glri, da'wa. 
To Arrange, tartib d., chunna, 1035. 
Arranged, murattab, arasta, durust. 
To be Arranged, sanwaruii, sudharna. 
Arrangement, tartib, intizam, 80G, 690. 
Arranger, tartib-dene-wala, nizam. 
Arrant, bankii, sakht, katta. 
Military Array, saif-ara'i, saff-bandl. 
To be drawn up in Array, tulna, 684. 
Arrear, bakl. Arrears, bakiyat, 341. 
To be in Arrears, mabina cbarhna. 
Arrest, nazar-bandi, band, kaid. 
To Arrest, {stop) chhenkna : see Imprison, 
Arrival, amad, wuriid, kudiim, 587. 
To Arrive, pabunchnS, warid h., 186. 
To cause to Arrive, pahunchana. 
Arrived, raslda, wsijil. 
Arriving, {adj.) wiirid, dakhil, waki". 
Arrogance, Arrogancv, gitstakbi, glia- 

mand, istikbar, ahankar, takabbur. 
Arrogant, magbriir, m.-fgra, 1841, 1706. 
To be Arrogant, gustakhi karnl, 1268. 



AS 

Arrogantly, gustakliana, mutakabbirana. 

To Arrogate, da'wa k., thahrana. 

Arrow, tir, ban, khadang, sahm : ironpoint 
of an — , gfiiis! : practising — , lais : range 
of an — , tir-ras : tube for projecting an 
— , nawak. 

A maker 0/ Arrows, tir-gar. 

Arse, chfitar, surin, nitamb. 

To hang an Arse, chutar sakorna. 

Arsenal, top-kbiina, silah-khana, 1522. 

Arsenic, zarnlkb, sammu-1-far, 1329: red 
— , mainsil : yellow — , hartal. 

White oocyde 0/ Arsenic, sufed sumbul. 

Art, {skill) fann, hunar, {cunning) syiin- 
-pan, hila, {trade) pesha, kasb. 

Artemisia abrotanum, kaisum : — austri- 
aca, dauna or dona : — stemutatoria, 
nak-chhiknl : — vulgaris, maru'a, nag- 
dauna. 

Artery, sbiryan, narl, rag, {dakh.) mirrl. 

Artful, makkar, siyana, aiyara, 930, 1493. 

Artfully, fann-fareb se. 

Artfulness, makkari, liTla-bazi, 1193. 

Arthritis, {dakh.) jhanakwa'I: see Gout. 

Article, {subject) bat, {clause) babat, mad- 
da, {nf trade) rakam, jins, {of faith, S^c.) 
hukm, a'ln : definite ■ — , l.iarf-i-ta'rlf : 
indefinite — , liarf-i-tank?r. 

Articles, samagri, {clauses) mawadd. 

of peace, Sfc, ahd-nama, kaul-nama. 

of religion, aka'id. 

Articulate (adj.), saf : — sounds, alfilz. 

To Articulate, uchcharna, holna. 

Articulation", uchcharan, makhraj. 

Artifice, fann, chhal, lilla, bandish. 

Artificer, karigar, kasbl, siini", 608. 

of the gods, biswakarma. 

Artificial, masnu', amali, tarklbi. 

Artillery, {park of) top-khana, {guns) 
topeii : chief of the — , mir-i-atash. 

Artilleryman, bandhani, khalasi. 

Artisan, karigar, dast-kar, ahl-i-hirfa. 

Artist, san'at-gar, ustad, dast-kar. 

Artless, {unskilful) anari, ghamar, {guile- 
less) sada, bhola, be-sakbta, albela. 

Artlessness, besakhtagi, sadagi. 

Artocarpus integrifolia, kat'hal, 588. 

lacucha, barhal (?). 

Arum campanulatum, alii, suran, ol : — 
colocasia, arwi : root of — , ara'i. 

ARUNDo/afaa, {dakh.) ganna. 

tibialis, narkat : — karka, baru. 

As, jaisa, jyfm, jis-tarah, jathii, chunancbi, 
goya, cbun : see Like : — before, alan 
kama kana, hamana: — far as, jahan tak, 
lag, ta, bhar : — far as possible, hasbu-1- 
-imkan : — for, hakk meii : — if, jaisa 
ki, jyiia, cliiin an, goya, mano, mauo : — 
it ought, jaisa cbahiye, kama yambagbi : 
— long as, jab tak : — matig as, jitna, 



ASP 

oliandan, jai, jitek, jeta : — many times, 
jai-ber : — much as, jitna, cbandan, jetii, 
jitek, bhar : — much as possible, ta mak- 
dflr, ta ba-niakdur : — often as, jai-ber ; 
— originally, joii ka ton : — soon as, jab, 
jad, jonhiii : — though, jaisa ki : — lo, 
hakk meii ; — well as, jaisa taisa : — you 
would say, goya. 

AsARADACCAorAsARUMewro/)<SMm,asarrm. 

Asbestos, phattar ka nar(? Harris, MSS.). 

AscARiDEs, chunna, chunchuna, chunni. 

To Ascend, charhna, su'ud k., 355, 57. 

To make Ascend, charhana. 

Ascendant, Ascendency, ghalaba, fauki- 
yat, bartari, awwaliyat. 

To gain Ascendency over another, 1624. 

Ascending, {subst.) raf ': price of — , 871. 

One who Ascends, charhwaiya. 

Ascension, Ascent, charha'o, 1451, 1419. 

To Ascertain, yakini.,thahrana,637, 1 933. 

, {a disease) tashkLis k. 

Ascertained, sabit, mukarrar, 1908, 1927. 

Ascertaining, Ascertainment, tabkik, 
isbat, tashkbis, takrir, nischai, tahakkuk. 

AscETicK, bairagi, tapassi, tyagi. 

AscETicKS who go naked, digambar. 

Ascites, jalandhar, istiska. 

AscLEPiAS, diidhi : — gigantea, ark, iik, 
akwand, 1962 : — rosea, dudhi. 

To Ascribe, mansub k., lagana, 1866, 744. 

AsH-COLOURED, ash'hab. 

Ashamed, sliarmanda, lajjit, 540, 979. 

To be Ashamed, sharmiina, lajjana, 1216. 

To make Ashamed, katna. 

Ashes, rakh,'bhasam, khak, khakistar. 

Live or hot Ashes, akhgar. 

Ashes of cow-dimg, bhabhiit, bhabhuti. 

of the plaintain tree, papra-khar. 

Ashore, kinare, kinare-par, khushki par. 

To run Ashore, kinare charhna. 

Ashy, khakistarl. 

Aside, dar-kinar, kinare, 1614, i63, 769. 

Restraint to be laid Aside, khulnii. 

To be thrown Aside, tak A., tak par h. 

Asinine, himari: ■ — ■ quality, kbarivat. 

To Ask, piichhna, istifsar k. : — for, chahna, 
mangna : — in vain, bat dalna. 

Askance, Askaunt, Askew, tirchha, 
terha, {dakh.) binga. 

To look Askaunt or Askew, 647, 1632. 

AsKEB, sa'il, puchhwaiya, 999, 1431. 

Asking, (arf;.) sa'il, pursan, talib. 

in marriage, {subst.) mangni. 

Aslant, Aslope, tirchha. 

Asleep, sota, khufta, khvrabida. 

To feel the sensation of the limbs being 
Asleep, jhajhakua or jhijhakna. 

Sensation of a limb being Asleep, 827. 

Asp, afa, aff, samp. 

Asparagus sarmentosus, sufaid miisli. 

7 F 



ASS 



2249 



2B6. 



618. 



Aspect, manzar, nigiih, rup, wajahat: — 

of the heavens, hai'at : — of the planets, 

royat. 
Of pleasing Aspect, khiish-nigah. 
Asperity, khushunat, durushti, 1263. 
To Asperse, bad-nam i., 1464, 713. 
Asperser, ta'in, ta*na-zan. 
Aspersion, («/;rmW!n^)ars-pars, {calumny) 

kalank, buhtan, tuhmat. 
Asphodel, khunsa. 
Aspiration, arzu, tak : see Desire. 
To Aspire, tak rahna, 115 : see To Desire. 
Aspiring, {adj.) armani, umangi, 355, 912. 
Ass, khar, gadha, khar, himar, 309. 
Wild Ass, gor-khar, khar-i-dashti. 
I'oung Ass, Ass's colt, khar-bacha. 
Assafietida, hing, hing, hiltit, anguza. 
To Assail, hamla *., charhna. 
Assassin, khuni, thag, katil, 2168 
To Assassinate, khiin k., katl k., 
Assassination, katl, khiin. 
Assault, hamla, halla, hujiim, 87: 
To Assault, hamla i., bipama, 2193. 
Assay, ayar, kas, ta'o. 
To Assay, kasna, ta'ona, ayar k. 
AssAYER, nakkad, parakhaiya, 203a, 1484 
Assemblage, jam'iyat, mel, bhir, 1852, 47 
To Assemble, jam' k., jamkana, 287. 
Assembled, mujtami", yak-than. 
Assemblies, majalis. 
Place 0/ Assembling, majma", 1852. 
Assembly, mahfil, sabha, majlis, 1964. 
Assent, kabul, istirza, marzi, 1176. 
To Assent, razi h., ka'il h., 1508, 1825. 
To Assert, kahna, ikrar k., da'wa k. 
Assertion, kaul, ikrar, takrir, bat. 
AssERTOR, ka'il, niukirr, da'wa-dar. 
To Assess, khiraj lagana, 661. 
Assessment. bihri, tashkbis. 1017: «eeTAX 
Assets, maujiidat, asbab, mal. 
To Asseverate, ikrar k., kahna, da'wa k 
Asseveration, takrir, kaul, bachan, da'wa 
il/Mftia/AssEVERATiON,saugand-a-saugandi. 
Assiduity, sa'i, koshish, 1566, 1945, 675 
Assiduous, mulazim, sa'i, sar-garm, ig6i 
Assiduously, ala-d-dawam. 
To Assign, dilana, mukarrar A. 

a reason, jatana, batlana. 

Assignation, wa'da, awadh. 

Place 0/ Assignation, wa'da-gah. 

Assignee, ka'im makam, muta'aiyin. 

Assignment, barat, 693, 763. 

To Assimilate, barabar k., milana, 660. 

Assimilated, mushabbah. 

Assimilation, mila'o, muwiifakat. 

To Assist, madad k., 538, 276, 1311, 708 

Assistance, madad, sahayata, yari, dast- 

giri, kumak, madadgiiri, 1434, 1921. 
Asking Assistance, {adj.) mustamidd. 
By the Assistance, ba-aun. 



2250 



ATH 



Assistant, Assisteb, madadgar, saba'I, 

pachchhl, yar, yawar, kumakT, mu'awin. 
Assistant {manager in office), pesh-dast. 
Assisting, imdad, 673, (adj.) mu'awin. 
Assize, (court) adalat, 1862, (rate) nirkh, 

bha'o. Assizer, nirklii, baya. 
Ass-load, khar-war. 

Associate, rafik, sathi, sajhi, sharik, 191a. 
To Associate, milna, rifakati., 127, 1227. 
Associated, ham-suhbat, maniis. 
Associ ATioN,sharakat,inel,i9o6, 1 355, 1 330. 
Association of ideas, tasalsul. 
To Assort, tartib d., taksim k. 
Assortment, taksim, {for a cargo) khep. 
To Assuage, takhfif d., ghatana, 659, 543. 
Assuaging, (*M4«<.)taskm.AsscAsivE,659. 
2b Assume, lena, akhz*., 1093, 1825, 1489. 

airs, sii- charhana, shekhi i., 32. 

Assurance, {certainty) yakin, {confidence) 

bharosa, 133, {presumjHion) dhitha'i, 

gustakhi, 1061. 
To Assure, {tell) ikrar k., bachan d., 

{comfort) tasalli d., khatir-jam' k., 1313. 
Assuredly, albatta, alliakk, yaklnan, 1935. 
Asterisk, kbarija : see this word at gyi. 
AsTERiSM, nachhattar, nakshatr. 
Astern, pichhe : to keep Astern, pichhe 

rahna. 
Asthma, zlku-n-nafas, sank, dama, 1063. 
To Astonish, {v. a.) bhachkana, liairan k 
Astonished, muta'ajjib, hairan, daug, 1873. 
To ie Astonished, ghabrana.hairan A., 913 
Astonishing, achraj, ajab, ajib,turfa, 887 
Astonishment, achambha, hairat,638,335 
Struck with Astonishment, bairat-zada 
Lost ire Astonishment, rang-bakhta, 1179. 
Astray, bhatka, be-rab, gum-rab, gum-rab. 
To go Astray, bbatakna, bhulna. 
Astringency, baksahat, ufiisat, kabziyat. 
Astringent, baksa, kasela, kabiz, samet. 

extract eaten with betel-leaf, 1555. 

Astrolabe, usturlab, usturlab. 
Astrologer, nujumi, munajjim, jotiki. 
Astrology, !lm-i-nujum, jotik, {dakh.) 

2046, 693. 
Astronomer, munajjim, jotiki, josi, 1251. 
Astronomical table, za'ecba, zij. 
Astronomy, ilm-i-nujum, jotik, hai'at. 
Asunder, alag, juda, bhiiin, tafawut. 
Asylum, malja, malaz, saran, panah, iiii. 
At, par.upar, pa, pas, ko, kii,meii,pai,kane. 

all, aslan, mutlakan, kuohh (nahin). 

hand, hazir. To be — hand, liazir h. 

last, — length, bare, pas, nidan, 64. 

present , ai\\a\, bi-l-fi"l, ab, is-wakt. 

Payable At sight {a bill), darsanl. 
At times, kabhi kabhi, gahe gahe. 
Atabal, {abl. 

Atak {river), atak, niUab (?). 
Atheism, ill.iad, dahr. 



ATT 

Atheist, dahriya,nastik,mulliid, 4030, 1945. 

Athirst, pi'asa, tishna, atshiin. 

Athletick, chak-chauband, kungra, 1105. 

Atilt, urbak par. 

Athwart, ara, benda, {dakh.) ar. 

Atis or Betula, ativasa. 

Atlas {sort of silk cloth), atlas, sandas. 

Atmosphere, hawa, akas, akas, antaiichh. 

Atom, anu, tuk, zarra, juz, kanika. 

Atoms, chakna-chur, chur. 

To ATONE/or, kafara <i., metna, praschit k. 

Atonement, kafara, praschit, badla. 

Atop, upar, par, sir-par. 

Atrabilis, sauda. 

Atrocious, maba-papl, shadid, asbarr, 953. 

ATROCiousNESS,ATROCiTY,saUitI,mahapap 

Atrophy, siikha. 

To Attach, {apply) lagana, milana, gantb- 
na, wasl k. , {allure) moh lena : — one's 
self to, munh charhna. 

Attached, mulazim, 1839, 872, 1700,2184. 

to one's native land, asir-i-ab o gil. 

To be Attached, cbit lana, rang ratna. 

Attachment, chaspidagi, girawidagi, 1792, 
2014, 613 : free from — , nirmohi. 

Attack, hamla, halla, hujum, 871, 818. 

To Attack, iiamlai-., cbarhna, 282, 1088, 
2 1 87 : — in flank, kamar mama : — in 
front, Sigan marna: — in the rear, pichhari 
mama : — with one's whole force, ba'Isi 
tutna. 

To Attain, pana, milna, (reacA) pahunchna. 

Attained, Attainable, muyassar, parapat. 

Thing easily Attained, muiih ka nawala. 

Attainment, istifada, tahsil, 959, {excel- 
lence) kamal : — of desii-e or wishes, 
kam-yabi, kam-rani. 

To Attemper, mu'tadil k., milana. 

Attempt, {essay) kosbish, sa'i, azma"isb, 
kasd, {attack) hamla, chot. 

To Attempt, kosbish*, kasd *., 966, 1291. 

To make an Attempt, irada *., kasd *. 

To Attend, {wait on) kbidmat k., bazir 
rahnii, {notice) gbaur k., takna, sunna, 
{as a physician) mu'alaja k. 

to, iltiiSt k., manna, 1843, 973, 1168. 

Attendance, kbidmat, sewa, 2095, 1945. 

Constant Attendance, hazir-bashi : — at 
temple, Sfc, raujawarat. 

Attendant, mulazim, kliidmatgar. 787. 

Attendants, khawas? : Siva's — , gan. 

Attention, Attentiveness, takaiyud, il- 
tiiTit, chaukasa'i, tawajjuh, surt, libaz, 
1177, 1477, 1058: — to business, cbar- 
cba; — to rank, Sfc, hifz-i-maratib : — 
to worldly affairs, 648, 1069. 

To pay Attention, chit d., tan d. 

Paying Attention, {aubst.) ri'Syat, iltifat. 

Attentive, sar-garm, sucliet, hoshyar, mu- 
tawojjih, cbaukas, surtii, 1937, 1948. 



AVE 

To be Attentive, chit lana, dil lagna. 
Attenuation, rikkat, patla'i. 
To Attest, gawahi d., tasdik k. 
Attestation, shaliidi, tasdik, tas'hih. 
Written Attestation of a notary, sijill. 
Attested, mash'hiid. 
Attire, poshak, libas, basan, chir. 
To Attire, pahanna, pahirana. 
Attitude, dhaj, waz', an, asan, sama. 
An Attitude of fakirs in worship, 1550. 
Attorney, wakil, nii'ib, ghatak. 

at law, adalat ka wakll, 945. 

Power o/ATTORNEY,wakalat-nama,sanad(?) 

To Attract, jazb k., ainebna, khainchna. 

Attracted, majziib, {enamoured) girawlda. 

Attraction, jazb, kasbish, kbainch. 

Power 0/ Attraction, kiiwat-i-jaziba. 

Attribute, wasf, sifat, kbassiyat, 1717. 

To Attribute, mansub k., nisbat *. 

Attributed, mansiib. 

Attributes, khawass. ausaf. 

Attrition, ragar, ghisa'o, ghisawat, 1792. 

Avail, basil, naf" , fa'ida, phal. 

To Avail, banna, cbalna, fa'ida k., 1578. 

Not to Avail, kala na lagna. 

Avarice, hirsjbukhl.lalach, lobb, 1437, 297. 

Void q/" Avarice, nirlobhi. 

Avaricious, lalchl,haris,kliasls,sbum, 1798. 

AvARiciouSNESs, liirs, tam', lalach, bukbl. 

Avast, bas ; see Enough, Stop. 

AvAUNT, chakhe, dut, dur, dur ho, hisht. 

Auburne, bhura, mai-gun. 

Auction, barraj,nTlam : to sell by — , 2173. 

Audacious, tanch, tanchra, gust^kh, dhlth. 

Audaciously, gustakhana, dbitha'i se, 

gustakhi se. 
Audaciousness, Audacity, gustakhi, 

dhitha'i, jur'at. 
Audible, masmu", {voice) buland (awaz). 
Audience, ahl-i-majlis, bazirl, sami'fn. 

■, {of an ambassador, ^-c.) mujra. 

Hall or place 0/ Audience, bargab, 1851. 
AvDiT of accounts, muhasaba, 1900. 
To Audit accounts, muhasaba lena. 
Auditor of accounts, muhasib, mustaufi. 
To Avenge, intikam lena, saza d., azab *. 
Avenger, Avenging, muntakim, kahbar. 
Avenue, rawish, naka, murfir, guzara. 
To Aver, ikrar k., kahna. 
Average, ausat, {price) mutawassit (kimat). 
Averrhoa acida, harphai-ewri, harpharauri. 

bilimbi, (dakh.) bilambu. 

carambola, kamrakh. 

Averse, mutanaffir, bezar, na-khi.ish, 1 191. 

To ie Averse, dilhat^'.,munbphirna, 1940. 

Avebseness, Aversion, irfiz, gurez, 1570. 

May God Avert, lyazan bi-l-lah. 

To Avert, pherna, daf" k., dur k., talna. 

Averting, {subst.) daf, daf'iya. 

tht regard or attention, 1517. 



AWA 

Auger, suja, barraa. Aught, knchh. 
Augment, izdiyad, adhika'I, ziyadati. 
To Augment, barhana, adhikana, 1222. 
Augmentation, ziyadati, barhtl, 137, 75. 
Augmented, adhik, ziyada, afzud. 
Augur, Augurer, shuguniya, kahin. 
To Augur, shugun d., agam bandhna. 
Augury, istikhai'a, shugun, fal, sugan. 
August, mubarak, humayun, 788, 1291. 

, {the month) bbadon. 

Aviary, chiriya-khana, kbush-khana, 1528. 
AvicENNA, bii all sina. 
Avidity, liirs, ragbbat, shauk, cbomp, 1437. 
Aunt, kaki : paternal — , phiiphl, pbuphi : 

maternal — , khala, mausT, {paternal 

uncle's wife) chachchi, ta'I, {maternal 

uncle's wife) maniT, ma'm, mumanl. 
Related to a maternal Aunt, kbalera. 
Avocation, dhandba, pesba, kasb, sbugbl. 
To Avoid, dur bbagna, bacbna, i'raz k., 

59, 529: — the sight, nazar bachana: 

{shun) one, kaniyana. 
Avoiding, {suM.) i'raz, ijtinSb. 
To Avow, kabna, zahir A., ikrar*., 1934. 
Avowal, ikrar, i'tiraf, takrir, da'wa. 
Avowedly-, charhke, kasdan, jan-bujh ke. 
Avower, mu'tarif, mukirr. 
Silkworm in the Aurelia state, bSdama. 
Aurora, subb, tarka, biimdad, bbor. 
Auspices, ikbal, cbhanb baiih, pratap. 
Auspicious, mubarak, kbujista,20i5, 1245. 

tmrd prefixed to names, sri. 

AuspiciousNESS,barakat,subag, 1831,1781. 
Austere , sakbt, karaklit. durusbt, 419. 
Austereness, Austerity, {of manners) 

durushti, sakhtl, karathti, {of devotion) 

riyazat, tapas. 
Authenticated, mubakkak, {by a judge) 

musajjal. 
Authenticity, sacha'I, silibat, sachoti. 
AuTHENTicK, talikik, sabib, sacbcha, 1238. 
Author, {of a book) mu'allif, musannif, 

{inventor) banl, mukhtari". {maker) kar- 

ta, banane-wala. 
Authoritatively, shaikban. 
Authority, {will, power) ikhtiyar, istiklal, 

96a, 141, {proof) sanad, praman, 

{order) hukm, amr. 
Bg Authority, ba-hukm. 
To Authorize, ikhtiyar d., mubfih k. 
Authorized, mukhtar, {lauful) ja'iz. 
Automaton, kal ka adtni. 
Autumn, khizan, kharif. pat-jhar, 479. 
Autumnal, kharifi, khizfini : ' — fruit, 

khurfa : — harvest, kharif. 
Auxiliary, madad-gar, kumaki, mu'awin. 
To Await, rahna, rah dekhna, rah takna. 
Awake, bedar, jagta, hushyar, 2201. 
To Awake, To Awaken, {v. n.) jagna, 

jagna, (». a.) jagana, {dakh.) chatana. 



BAG 

Award, hukm, hukm-nama, fatwa. 

To Award, hukm k., {judicially) fatwa d. 

Aware, agah, khabar-dar, hoshyar, 1262. 

To be Aware, agah h., muttali' h., 940. 

Away, gha'ib, ghair-hazir, gum, juda, {be- 
gone .') chalo, gum ho, d&rho : to come — , 
chala iina; to go or jyass — , jata rahna. 

Awe, dahshat, dar, sakuch, 1177, 2204. 

To Awe, dabana, dabkana. 

To be in Awe, be Awed, sakuchna, 1025. 

To stand in Awe, daba'o miinna, dabna. 

To make another stand in Awe, 1 624. 

Standing in Awe of, kanaunda. 

Awful, muhib, ghor, haibat-nak, bha'in. 

Awfulness, haibat-naki, haul-nakl. 

Awhile, chande, chand muddat, thora. 

Awkward, anarl, be-dhab, bhadesal, 193. 

Awkwardly, be-taur, be-tarah, be-dhab. 

AwKWARDNESs,anarpan,be-daulI, 434,975. 

Awl, suja, sutari, darosh, ari, 1036, 2099. 

Awn of corn, sii'a. 

Awning, shamiyana, namgira, 894, 847. 

Awry, tircbha, terha, kaj, benda. 

Walking Awry, kaj -khiramt. kaj-rau'i. 

Axe, kulhara, kuthar, pharsa, tabar, 720. 

Axillary, baghli. Axiom, badiha. 

Axle, Axle-tree, dhuri, miyiina, 753. 

Axis, mihwar, {of heaven) kutb-i-sama. 

Axle-tree-arm, chiil. 

Ay, bail, haahin, are, are-bale, achchha. 

Ay-e, hamesha, sada, nit. 

Azure, kabfid, azrak, nil-giin, 86, 1 1 5, 1 766. 

Azure-vault, mina. 



To Baa, mimiyani, bhinbhm k. 
Babble, bak-bak, yawa-go'i, {dakh.) 2127. 
To Babble, bakna, bak-bak k., 92, 2128. 
Babbler, ba'ojhak, ba'obhak. Intra, 1495. 
Babe, larka, tifl, bachcha, balak, bacha. 
Baboon, langur, maimun, bozna. 
Baby, {doll) gudda, guriya: see Babe. 

cloths, potrii or potra. 

Bachelor, kii'ara, na-kadkhuda, 185. 

Bachelorship, kfi'ilrpana, tajrid. 

Back, {hind part) pith, pusht, {adv.) baz, 

pher, waz, wa, 2114, {in the rear) pichhe. 

of a house, pichhut, piehhet. 

Behind one's Back, pas-ghaibat. 

To Back, {mount) pith lagna, sawar h., 

{support) pushti *., {fall back) hatna, 

{force back) hatana. 
To fall at full length on the Back, 842. 
To turn one's Back, pith pherna. 
To tie the hands behindthe Back, 1911. 
To Backbite, ghibat k., chughlikhana,926. 
Backbiter, chughul-khor, ghammaz, 899. 
Backbiting, chughul-khorl, ghibat, 843. 



BAL 



Backbone, rlfh, dand, pit ke bans. 
Backdoor, chor-khirki, khirkl. 
Backgammon, takhta-nard. nard. 

Piece or man at Backgammon, got. 

Back-lane, chor-gali. 

Backside, chutar, sarin, 2043, 1107. 

Backstairs, chor-slj-lil. 

Backward, (at/;.) ru-gardan, na-razi, dhlla. 

Backwardness, rukawat, deri, 669, 355. 

Back yard or garden, {dakh.) pichhwara. 

Bad, bura, bad, kharilb, zabiin, tabah, {as a 
handwriting) chundha : — coat, {of a 
horse, S(c.) bad-pashml : — conduct, bad- 
-chall, ku-chal : — fortune, — luck, bad- 
-bakhtl, be-tali'f. 

Badge, chapras, nishan, ghiyar, 1478. 

Badly, be-tarah, be-daul, bad-daul. 

Badness, bura'I, badi, kharabi. 121a. 

To Baffle, talna, chhalna, bahkaiia. 

Bag, gon, bora, gathiya, {for money) thaill, 
kharlta : — of money, badra, tora. 

Leather Bag/o^ water, pakhal, niashk. 

Traveller's Bag for provisions, mizwad. 

Baggage, chlz-bast, asbab, 1798, 332. 

of an army, bungah, bahir, 424. 

A Baggage, kuttama. 

Bagatelles, harza. 

Bagnio, hamam, ghusl-khana, sakaya. 

Bail, zamini, kafSlat, {person) mmin, 1594, 
{pecuniary surety) mfil-zamin. 

Bail-bond, or act of giving Bail for an- 
other, bazir-zaminl. 

To admit as Bail, zamini kabul k. 

Bailiff, sazawal, muhassil, mahto. 

Fees of the Bailiff or tax-gatherer, 1861. 

Bait, chara, tu'ma, {dakh.) ghuwa. 

To Bait, {for fish) chara dalna, (a horse) 
khilana, {to rest) utama, {cause to fight) 
lariina. 

To Bake, pakana, {knead) gundhna. 

Baked, pukhta, pakka, paka hii'a. 

Baker, nan-ba'i,nan-paz,(rfoiA.) bhatyara. 

Baking, nan-paz-i. 

Balance, {for scales) mizan, tarazu, {of 
an account) bakl, {to make up a defi- 
ciency) karda. 

Owing a Balance, bakl-dar. 

To Balance, {weigh) tolna, {an account) 
jam' o kharch k., {scales) pasang k. 

Balances, bakiyat, bakaya. 

Balancing {making scales equal) launa. 

Balcony, biila-khana. ata, baramada. 

Bald, chandra, ganja, niu'arra, 376. 

BALDNESs/rom age, tal. 

Bale, motra, gathar, pot, {dakh.) ganthrl. 

To Bale, {throtv out wafer) ulichna. 

Baleful, muzirr, mufsid, bura, muhlik. 

To Balk, bala d., bachkana, dutta d. 

To be Balked, bahakna. 

Ball, {for the hand) genda, go'e, {large) 



2252 



BAN 



goli, (small) goli, {da?ice) nach, raks, 
jhurmat : — of carded cotton, gala : — of 
thread, lachchha, kalawa : round — of 
cotton, Sfc, guth : • — prepared hy de- 
votees to render them invisible, gutka. 

To play at striking a Ball, 1763. 

Little Balls of tobacco for a hukia, 1305. 

BALLs/or a religiom ceremony, 555. 

Ballad, git, rag, sarod, {dakh.) rikhta. 

Ballast, niram, nilam, lHam. 

Ballot, kur'a. To Ballot, kur'a dalna. 

Ballota disticha, {dakh.) andblra. 

Balm, Balsam, balasan, 1197. 

Balcster, Balustrade, kathara, katkar. 

Bamboo, bans, bans, (dakh.) bambu : kind 
of — , cha'o, tarla, bhalka, 1087 : — 
lath, bala : — twig, kamchi, kain : joint 
of — root, banga : joint of — to send 
letters in, chongla, nalu'a : made of — , 
bans! : manna or sugar of—, bans-lochan, 
tabaslur : piece of — , pharrata, kbapach. 

To Bamboozle, dagha d., bahkana, 739. 

Bambosa arundinacea, bambu, 358. 

To Ban, sarap d., la'nat k., kosna. 

Banana, kela: kind of —, 894. 

Band, (bandage) patti, band : — of people, 
giiroh, jatha, juth : of musicians, ta'jfa. 

Bandage, patti, band -.for a wound, 1429. 

Bandalore, chakri. 

Baxdicote rat, ghus, gbusa, ghuns. 

Bandit, Banditto, lutera, kazzak. 

Bands, (of dancing girls, Sfc.) tawa'if. 

Bandy, see Club, Crooked. 

To Bandy, dannaiidol k., radd-badal k. 

Bandylegged, pangla, (dakh.) pengra. 

Bane, bis, bikh, samm, zahr, kliaraba. 

Baneful, zahr-dar : see Baleful. 

Bang, zarb, thes, mar, musht, ghusa. 

To Bang, mama, kutna, pitna. 

Bangle, bangri, churl : maker of — , manyar. 

To Banish, des-nikala *., dur *., 1407. 

Banishing care, (subst.) takhflf-i-tasdl'. 

Banishment, des-nikala, 7B3. 

Bank, (of a river, ifc.) tir, kinara, tat, sif : 
steep — , karara, arara : near — of a river, 
war : opposite — , par : (dike, mound) 
puslita, bandh, toda, tlla : sand — , char : 
(for money) sarrafa,kothI, (dakh.)ganthra.. 

To Bank, bandhna, pushtT-bandi *. 

Banker, ?arraf, mahajan, seth, 1347. 

Bankership, fota-duri, mahajani. 

Banking, sarrafl : — house, kothl. 

Bankbcpt, dewaliyii, muflis,726, 1 397, 1 780. 

Bankruptcy, denala, muflisT, ifiiis. 

Banner, jhanda, alam, bairak, dliaja. 

Banquet, bazm,jashn,je'onar, 1048, 1429, 
2004 : experurive — , sone ka nawala. 

BANauF.TiNG, naw-nosh : — hon.ie, ^-c, 
1465, 1908. 

2o Banter, chir nikalna, thatha marnS. 



BAR 

Banterer, thathor, thatbol, ta"na-zan. 
Bantling, bachcha, titi. BAPTiSM,|ist,ibagh. 
To Baptize, nam rakhna, nam dharwana. 
Baptizing, abishek, abhishek, ta'mid. 
Bar, (of a door) dar-band, billi, (obstacle) 

ba'il, ar, (of gold, 8fc.) salSk, int : — of 

a court of justice, phatak : see Beam. 
To Bar, chhenkna, (bolt) billi lagana. 
Barb of an arrow, ankri, ankri, kanta. 
Barbarian, malichh, jangli, gaiiwiir. 
Barbarism, murakbpana, jahalat. 
Barbarity, be-ralimi, kathorta. 
Barbarous, dabang, jahil : see Cruel. 
Barbarously, be-raljmi se : — speaking, 

(adj.) alkan. 
Barbed, ankri-dar, khar-dar. 
Barber, na'i, napit, hajjam, usta. 
Barber's histories and directions, 1586. 

wife, nayan, na'in, hajjamani. 

Bard, bhat, magadh, bandi, 1583, 843. 
Bare, (naked) nanga, barahna, (plain) sada, 

rSkha, (mere) khaU, nira. 
To Bare, nanga k., mu'arra k., kholna. 
Barefaced, nilajja, be-haya, be-rQ. 
Barefacedness, be-haya'i, be-sharmi. 
Barefoot, Barefooted, nange pa'on, 324. 
Bareheaded, nanga sir, (dakh.) burkil. 
Barely, fakatj sirf, maliz. 
Bareness, barahnagi, uryani. 
Bargain, shart, misak, wa'da. 
To Bargain, shart *., hor bandhna, 1463. 
Barge, niwara, bajra, mor-pankhi, 1780. 

man, kishti-biin, mallah. 

Bark, (of a tree) bakla, post, chhal, chhilka, 

(a ship) jahi2, safina, sulf: — of a tree 

used in dying, lodh : — of a tree med in 

making hukka snakes, bhojpattar. 
To Bark, bhaunkna, bhokhna, bhQkna. 

, (a tree, Sfc.) chhilna. 

Barked, mukashshar. 

Barleria longifolia, tal-makhana. 

citiata, (?) kuruwak. 

Barley, jau, yava, (fried or parched) buh- 

ri, (parched) gurri : — water, ash-i-jau : 

— broth, asim : measure equal to two — 

corns, habba. 
Barm, khamir. mawa, maya. 
Barn, ambar, khirman, (dakh.) kotha. 
A Barnacle, .siyala-poka. 
Barracks, chhil'oni, chhauni, kothi. 
Barrel, pipa, (of a drum) girda, (of a gun) 

mil, nar, nali, nal. 
Barren, (female) akima, kokh-bandh, ban- 

dhya, banjh, (land) iisar, kallar, (tree, 

&i'c.) be-bar. 
Barrenness, banjh-panii : — of soil, khar. 
Barricade, kucha-bandi, sadd, ar. 
To Barricade, kucha-bandi k., arnil. 
Barrier, sadd, phatak, khirki, sar-l.iadd. 
Barrow, see Boar, Hillock. 



BAT 

Nand Barrow, hath-jhola. 

Bartavelle, chakor. 

Barter, len den, erapheri, 1831, 11 18. 

To Barter, adla-badla k., mubadala k. 

Base, (low, vile) paji, kamina, zalil, nich : 
— , Basis, new, bunyad, jar, asas, (of a 
triangle, life.) lom, 2043, 1628, (or Bass) 
kharj, bam : — born, hariim-zada. 

Basella alba and rubra, po'e, poya, 292. 

rubra, lal bachla. 

Baseness, bad-zati, dana'at, 998, 961. 

Bashful, sharmanda, lajila, 1766, 1391. 

To be Bashful in company, cbapna. 

Basbfulness, laj, sharm, hijab, 1391. 

Basil, (a;);aK<)rilian,lcali tulsi,nazbo,sabza : 
holy — , tulsi. 

Basilica vena, basallk. 

Basilisk, af'a, afi, (dakh.) azhda (?). 

Basis, bunyad, bun, ka'ida, paya. 

To Bask, po'ana, tapna, ghamana. 

Basin, Bason, basan, bartan, tasht. 

Bason of a fountain, hauz. 

TTasA-Aaurf Bason, chilamchi, 1305, 1302. 

Basket, (large) tokra, pitara, changera, 
khancha, (small) tokri, pitari, bo'iya : — 
for carrying snakes, mauna, 280 : — 
hilled, (a scimitar) parjdar : — maker, 
bed-baf, (dakh.) burur: work — , mauni. 

Baskets, (for Ganges water) kawar. 

Bass, (in musick) kharj, bam. 

Bassia latifoUa, mahii'a : flowers of — , 
'7'3i '715 : pod of — , gulu, gulenda. 

longifolia, (dakh.) ipa, moha (?), 2005. 

Bastard, haram-zada, 953, 1218, 966. 

saffron, kusum, ma'asfar. 

Bastion, burj, marhala, 1698, 315, 1717. 

Bat, (oniVna^chamgidar, shapara,256, 1383. 

, (e/M*,^c.,g.».)kham-i-chaugan, 1689. 

horse, partal. 

To Bate, ghatana, kam *., chhorna. 

Bath, ghusl-khana : cold — , sardaba, sa- 
kaya : hot or warm — , hammam, garm- 
-aba : a vapour — , baphara : keeper or at- 
tendant at a — , hammami, dallak. 

7b Bathe, (r. n.) nahana.nhana, 216, 1472. 

To cau.ie to Bathe, iiahlana, 216, 2099. 

To be Bathed in tears, ronii dhona. 

Bathing, (subst.)isaSin, snan,anhan,nahan. 

of the bride and bridegroom, 43. 

place on a river side, ghat. 

Baton, asa, chob, lath, chaugan. 

BATTALiON,paItan,(rfaiA.)patalam,patiilan. 

Batter, let : to—, (paste) aharmi, 1891: 

To Batt^, (beat down) dhana, chhalni k. 

Battered, chhalni, 21 88. 

Battery, daradama, marhala, morcha. 

Battle, lara'i, jang, jadal, paikar, san- 
gnim, judh : — between birds, pfdi. 

To Battle, larna : to give — , lara'i A., 
mukabala i. : to join — , bhivna. 



BEA 

Battle array, saff-ara'i, saff-bandl. 
Battle- AXE, gurz ; horseman's — , tabar-zln. 
Battlement, kangura, kiikh. 
Badhinia Candida, {dakh.) ablt. 

variegata, kachnar, kachnal. 

Bawble, khilauna, na-chiz, hech. 
Bawd, kutnl, duti, ba'i ji, 2040. 
Young girl kept by a Bawd, nauchl. 
Bawdry, Bawdy, fuhsh, puch. 
Bawl, Bawling, pukar, lalkar, hankar. 
To Bawl, pukiirna, terna, chillana, 16a, 
165, {to) hankna, hankarna, {after) lal- 
karna, {at) hank mama, 1125. 
Bay or chesnut, {colour of a horse) samand: 
— coloured horse, kumait : dark — co- 
lour, teliya ; light — coloured, teliya-su- 
rang : — of the sea, Sfc, bahr, kol : — 
tree or its bark, taj ; to be at — , rupna. 
Bayish, {coloured horse, Sfc.) 1692. 
Bayonet, sanglii, {dakh.) sanlu. 
Bdellium, gfigal, mukl. 
Be, ho, {Arab.) kun : — it, ho, howe. 
To Be, bona, rahnji, achhna, jana. 

about, {a business) rachna. 

off, nikal bhagna, {dakh.) 463. 

Beach, kinara, lab-i-daryii, karka. 
Beacon, thaunda, alama, nishan. 
Bead, shiba, maukii, dana, guriya. 
String 0/ Beads, sumran, tasbih. 
Beak, chonch, minkfir, nok, thor, thonth. 

of a paper kite, thaddii. 

Beaked, noklla, nokdar. 
Beam, shahtir, sbShtir, tir, kari, 177P, 
2025 : — for a balance, daudl, tarakri, 
1068 :•— of a ship, gfmra, ara, bim 
{Roeb.) : transverse • — of a house, sahm : 
— of the sun, ^c, kiran. 
Cross BEA.MS for a roof, dhannotJl. 
Bean, baklil: kind of^, 1798, 1369, 376. 
Bear, richb, rinchh, kliirs, bhrdu, 385. 
Greater Bear, dubb-i-akbar, jhuinka. 
Lesser Bear, dubb-i-asgliar : star in the 

tail of the — , ka'id. 
Greater or lesser Bear, banatu-n-na'sh. 
Bear's 77/ay, khirs-bazT. 
To Bear, {carry) dhona, le-jana, uthana, 
{endure) sahna, bardasht k., {allow) man- 
na, {keep) rakhna : — fruit, phalna, pha- 
liyana : — with patience, bardasht k., 
{dakh.) sosna : {be in the direction) rukh 
h., taraf A. 
Beard, darhl, kbatt, rish, sabza : — and 
mustache/1, ipahfisin : having a long — , 
darhiyal, rlsha'il : hari/ig tittle or no — , 
khosa : having a young — , nau-khatt : a 
long — , jhajha. 
Beardless, amrad, be-rish, sada-ru, 1126. 
Beard-shaven, darh-munda. 
Bearer, {of a letter, Sfc.) hamil, kasid, {of 
a chair, palkl, Sfc.) mahra, kahar, bho'i, 



(porter) raothiya, bammal, kuli, (ra 
compos.) bardar, awar. 

Bearing, {endurance) saha'o, {carrying, in 
compos.) kashi, {particip. in compos.) 
kash : — a burthen, mutahammil : {in the 
direction of) rukh, taraf, simt : {gesture) 
waz", dhab. 

Beast, haiwan, pasfi, janwar, charanda : — 
of burthen, bar-bardar : — of prey, da- 
randa, dad. 

Beastliness, baiwaniyat, pilldT. 

Beastly, baiwilnl, baha'imi, pilid, najis. 

Beasts, baha'im, dawabb. 

Beasts and birds, cbarand o parand. 

To Beat, pitna, mama, thonkna, kutna : 
— about the bush, gbol ghuma'o k., {a 
drum) bajana, {as a pulse) chalna, uchhal- 
na, {as rain) bauchhar mama, jhakorna, 
{as eggs) phentna, {bushes, ifc.) jharna, 
{conquer) jitna, shikast d. : — back, hata- 
na : — down, gira d. : — down the price, 
mol torna : — one^s head with vexation, 
Sfc, sir dhunna, {one^s own head, &(c.) 
thathana : {to throb) tis marnil : — time, 
pag pat tar bajna : — up and mix, 
phi tana. 
Beaten, mara, zada, kofta, magblub. 
To be Beaten, mar parna,. pitna, 377. 
A Beater, mogrii, durmus, musal. 
To Beatify, nistarna. 
Beating, {subst.) mar, zad o kob, prahar, 
{adj.) lat-kob, zarib : — and bruising, 
mar-pit : — or beater, {in compos.) zan : 

— rice, to clear off the husk, chbanta'o ; 

— the breasts {subst.) sina-zani : — the 
head, {adj.) sar-kob : — time, {inmusick, 
subst.) tal : — with a stick, {subst.) chob- 
-kari : — wilh sticks, club or stick, 1766. 

Final Beatitude, raochh, nirwan, nistar. 
Beau, albela, banka, labkha, chhail, 1561. 
Beauteous, Beautiful, khfib-siirat. ra"- 

na, jamTl, basin, sundar, suthra, 1194. 
Beautifulness, Beauty, khubsurati, rau- 

nak, suthra'T, khubl, husn, jamal, 1323. 
To Beautify, sanwama, banana, singarna. 
A Beauty, khiibsurat, parl-paikar. 
Beauty or best of a thing, luff, tuhfa. 
To Becalm, baithalnii, taskin d., thamna. 
Became, hu'a, ho gaya, bana. 
Because, ki, lihaza, is waste, kyunkar. 

that, chSnki, kyuiiki, is liye ki. 

Beck, Beckoning, ima, sankar, ishara. 
To Beck, to Beckon, ima*., 121, 1327. 
Become, Aauinjr Become, bii'a,shuda,gashta. 
To Become, {be, come to be) hona, ho jana, 

ana, banna, lagna, {befit, suit) phabna, 

chhajna, sohna, achchha lagna, zeb d. 
Becoming, {adj.) kbush-numa, la'ik, pha- 

bila ; — • state and dignity, tarang. 
Bed, {bedding) sej, bistar, bichhauna: — 
7 G 



BEG 2253 

of a garden, kiyarl, taklita. chaman. marl: 

— of minerals, Sfc, tah, parat, tabak : — 
of a river, riid-khana : — of roses, gul- 
ziir : to bring to — , jawana : to be brought 
to — , khalas A. 

Bed, {Hindu scripture) see Veda. 
Bedchamber, khwab-giih, sone kl kothrl. 
Bedclothes, orhna, bichhauna, bala-posh. 
Bed-cord, sej-band. 
Bedding, bichhauna, farsh, orhna, 2100. 
To Bedeck, bana'o *., sajna, ara'ish d. 
To Bedew, bhigona, nam k. 
Bedfellow, ham-bistar, ham-khwaba. 
Bed-frame, {head and foot parts) 1366. 
Bed-maker, farriish, sej-karl (?). 
To be Bedrid, patti torna, 1 886. 
State of being Bedrid, atwat khatwat. 
Bedroom, khwab-gah, sone ki kothrl. 
To Bedrop, chhinta mama. 
Bedstead, khat, khatiya, palang, charpa'i: 

— with curtains, chhappar-khat : holes 
for strings in a — , sok : small — , khatola. 

Bee, zarabur, madhukar : large black — , 
all, bhramar, bhring, bhanwar : honey — , 
shabd-makkhi, madhu-makhl, niumakhi : 
humble — , bhringi. 

Beef, ga'e ka gosbt, ga'o-gosht. 

Beer, boza, buza, boja. 

Beet, Beet-root, chukundur. 

Beetle, {rammer) bara bharl mogra, {in- 
sect) gubrauta, gobaronda. 

To Befall, a jana, parna, lagna, pahunchna. 

Befalling, ariz, waki", parta. 

To Befit, phabna, chhajna, sobhna. 

Before, age, agu, pesh, kabl, {in presence 
of) samhne, sonhin, {first) pahla, pahle. 

Beforehand, age se, agaii, {adj.) agorl. 

Before-mentioned, mausiif, mazkiir. 

Beforetime, sabik, sabik men, age. 

To Befriend, mihrbani k., suluk k. 

To Beg, {alms, .^c.) bhikh mangna, suwal k., 
2159, {to entreat) darkliwast k., chahna. 

To Beget, janmana, paida k. 

Beggar, gada, bhikhari, darwesh, fakir. 

Beggarly, like a Beggar, gadayana, IC)31. 

Beggar's bedding, khindri, gudri. 

Beggar's ^fe/e or pot, kishti. 

Beggars who cut their skin, 890. 

Beggary, gada'i, faklri, {need) ifliis. 

Begging, {subst.) bhikh, suwiil, gada'i, 
{adj.) multamis : — assistance (subst.) 
istimdad. 

To Begin, (v. ?i.) shuru' h., lagna, nandh- 
na, (v. a.) shurii'" k., nandhna. 



Begini^er, mubtadi, baul-ka 



bSdi. 



iEGiNNiNG, shuru', arambh, aghaz, ibtida: 
— of a book, fatiha : — of a month, ghur- 
ra ; — of a poem, matla': from — to end, 
dhur se dhiir tak, sar-a-sar : in the — . 
ibtida'an, awnalan, adau. 



2254 



BEL 



To Begird, kamar bandhna, paliirana. 

Begoxe, chakhe, chalo, dut, dur ho. 

To Beguile, fareb d., bahkana, ghumana. 

In Behalf, waste, hakk mei, khatir. 
To Behave, chalna, chalan chalna.pesliana: 
— disrespectfully in the presence of a su- 
perior, munh par garm h. ; — politely, 
adab *. ; — respectfully towards another, 
aakhefi dekhna. 

Behaviour, chalan, chal dhal, auza'^ at- 
war, charitr, a'ln, waz', dhab, dhang. 

To Behead, gardau mama. 

Beheaded, sir-kata. 

Behind, pichhe, pacbhe, pas, akb, pichhut. 

Behold, dekh, dekho, iza. 

To Behold, dekhna, nazar k., taknfi, chit- 
na, bilokna, nirekhna, nijhana. 

Beholder, dekhwaij-a, dikhwaiya, nazir. 

Beholding, (adj.) muttali", (subsi.) tanzlr. 

Behoof, waste, khatir, naf , fa'ida. 

To Behoove, farz A., phabna, la'ik h. 

Being, (siibst.) hona, hasti, kaun, wujud, 
(creature) jantu, rautanaffis, (adj.) hone- 
-wala, hone-hara. 

Beings, maujudat, ka'inat. 

To Belabour, lathiyana, pitna, 1690. 

Belch, dakar, arogh : som , 1 108. 

To Belch, dakarna, dhakar lena. 

To Belie, jhutlana, 829, (slander) 713. 

Belief, (trust) i'timad, bawar, biswas, bha- 
rosa, (creed) akida, dharam, din, (guess) 
andaza, atkal. 

To Believe, manna, bawar i., yakin A., 
patiyana, (to suppose) janna. 

Believer, iman-dar, miimin, 1922, 1445. 

Believing in the unity of the Deity, (adj.) 
muwahhid, (subst.) tauhid. 

Bell, ghanta, jaras, (small) ghantall, ghun- 
ghrii, zang : to bear the — , bazi lejana. 

Belle, naznin, albeli, ranglll, bfmki. 

Belles-lettres, insha, ilm o hunar. 

Large Bellied, majiif, bar-peta. 

Bell-metal, kansa, ro'in, 99, 1,587. 

7>> Bellow, dakarna, rambhna, 1694, 165. 

Bellowing, (subst.) garj, dakiir. 

Bellows, bhathi, khal, dhaunkni, 1065. 

BELLs/or the ankles, jhajhar, 1734. 

Little Bells on the feel, jhunjhunl. 

Belly, pet, shikam, udar, batn : a large — 
dhirb : lower part of the — , zihar, peril, 
kiila bal : to fill the — , pet bhama : — 
band, petl : — fretting, kurkurl. 

Bellyache, dard-i-shikam, pcchish, siil. 

Bellyful, pet-bhar, shikam-ser (.'). 

To Belong, lagna, pahunchnii, hoja. 

Belonging to, ka, ke, ki, lazim, 1839. 

Beloved, pT, piya, piyara, mahbiib, mab- 
buba, Ijabib, pritam, 352 : — by every 
one, har-dil-azlz ; — object, ma'.shfika. 

To be Beloved, ankhon men ghar *. 



Below, niche, tale, zer, taht, faro. 

Belt, band : — of leather, do'al, dii'ali, 
baddhi : — of a sword, partala, dab, hi- 
ma'il : — of leather for the waist, kamar- 
-do'al : — for a horse, tang : — over a 
horse's back to prevent the saddle slipping 
back, pesh-band. 

Price paid for making Belts, ^-c, 1260. 

Belwether, (dakh.) bokur. 

To Bemoan, afsos k., (dakh.) palana. 

Bench, baithak, chauki, takhta. 

of justice, mahkama. 

Bend, Bending, biink, kham, khami. 

To Bend, (». n.) marna, kham h., 1781, 
(('. a.) morna, lachana, 2099, (apply) lag- 
anii ; — one's way, rah lena. 

Beneath, tale, niche, pa'in, 247. 

Benediction, du'a, tabai-ruk, asis, 120. 

Benefaction, in'um, bakhshish, wakf. 

Benefactor, data, muhsin, mun'im. 

Benefice, nazr-i-a'imma, (2050). 

Beneficence, ihsan, dad-dihisb, 2106. 

Beneficent, dayal, nekokar, 1450, 802. 

Beneficial, mufid, siidmand, nafi'. 

Benefit, (doing good) ihsiin, kirpii, ni'mat, 
bakhshish, (jtrofit) fTi'ida, naf", sQd, labh. 

To Benefit, fa'ida *., naf" *., 1718. 

To reap Benefit, fa'ida uthana. 

Benefited, siidmand, faizyab, raustafad. 

Benefiting, muhsin. Benefits, ni'am. 

Benevolence, khair-khwiihi. 409, 1008. 

Benevolent, kirpal, nek-khwiih, 1008. 

Bengali era, 369. 

Gum Benjamin, (styrax benzoin) ud, 1302. 

Benighted, shab-raslda. 

Benign, khalik, shaflk, salim. 

Benignity, bhal-mansat, khiibT, 1577. 

Ben-nut, habbu-1-ban. 

Bent, (flexion, q. v.) bank, kham, (inclina- 
tion) mail, rujii", kasd, {crooked, inclined) 
tirchba, kham, terha. 

To be Bent, jhukna, murna. 

To Benum, thithirana, thithurana. 

Benummed, thithara, sun, be-liiss. 

To be Benummed, thithima : to have one's 
senses — , chaukan bhiilna. 

Benzoin, luban, loban, silajit, ud. 

To BEauEATH, waslyat k., hiba k. 

BEauEST, wasTyat, hiba, wakf, 2141. 

To Bereave, le lena, chhin lena, lena. 

Leaf of the Bergera Koenigii, (dakh.) 
karipak. 

Berry, habb, dana, (dakh.) panclu. 

Beryl, zabarjad. 

To Beseech, girgirana, iltimas *., 1750. 

To Beseem, achehha lagna, sohna, 1260. 

To Beset, gherna, chhenkna, 1857. 

Beside, Besides, {over and above) juz, 
tis-par, ba-ghair, bidiiii, siwa, siwa'e, mii- 
-siwiii "iliiwa, (near) sath iske, piis. 



BET 

Beside one's self, be-khnd, 434, 966, 389. 

To Besiege, ghera dalna, ihata k., 449. 

Besieged, mahsur, munhasir. 

Besieger, muhasir. Besieging, 1857, 59. 

To Besmear, tila A., lepna, bharna, 851. 

Besmeared with lac, lakhautii. 

Besom, jhiirii, jarub, soni. 

Besotted, mad'hush. 

To Bespatter, aluda k., bhar d. 

To Bespeak, rok rakhna, le rakhiifu 

Bespoken, (as goods) farma'ishi. 

To Bespread, lepna, farsh k., lagana. 

To Besprinkle, see To Sprinkle. 

Best, achchhe se achchh.^, sab se bhala, bih- 
tarln, klmbtarin, sreshth : the — of any 
thing, tuhfa, khulasa, zubda: — sort. 

To do one's Best, hadd-bhar k. 
To one's Best, hatta-1-makdur. 

Bestial, haiwani, baha'imi, pilid. 

Bestiality, haiwaniyat, pilidi. 

To Bestow, ata k., dena, lagana. 

To be Bestowed, arzani h. 

To Bestride, phand baithna, sawar h. 

To Bestdd, jarna. 

Bet, hor, girau, shart. 

Denying a Bet in gaming, chain. 

To Bet, shart k., badna, 2201, 1021. 

Beta vulgaris, chichinda, 874. 

To Betake, rujii' lana, lagna, iina. 

to fight, bhagne par ana. 

Betel, (the plant) nag-bel: — ba-iket, choU : 
• — box, pan-dan : — garden, baiej, pan- 
wari : — leaf, pan, tambol, 1115, 1552: 
— leaf made up with spices, i^-c, bJra, 
bira, bill : — leaf mixed with opium for 
smoking, madad : — prgpared and folded, 
gilauri, khili : bundle of one hundred — 
leaves, dhuli, (dakh.) guchi : — nut, su- 
parl, supyarl, snpiyarl, faufal, gii'a : lump 
of — nut, phal : rotten — nut, chikki : 
cultivator of — , bara'i, (/.) barain. 

To Betide, parnii, an parnii, bilna, 1277. 

Betime, Betimes, sawere, wakt par. 

To Betoken, dalalat k., batlana. 

To Betray, (a were/) phornfi, pardadari*., 
(to an enemy, &^c.) dagha *., diil d., {dis- 
close) khol d., iz'har k. 

Betrayer, chhali, dagha-baz, khil'in. 

of secrets, parda-dar, lutrii. 

Betray'ing of secrets, parda-darl. 

To Betroth, saga'I *., mansiib i. 

Betrothed, (part.f.) mfingl, (w.) i866.- 

damsel, miing, niini-zad. 

Betrothing, (subst.) saga'i, khal.b, 1827. 

One to whom another is Betrothed, 1973. 

Bets, Betting on a horse, rihan. 

Better, bihtar, achchhii, baril, aula-tar. 

The Better, ghalaba, jit, bihtari. 

Sark of the Betula bhojpaira, bhojpattar. 



BIL 

Between, Betwixt, bich, darmiyan, men. 

Beverage, sharbat, panna, shurb. 

Bevy, {of people) tuman, guroh, ghol, {of 
birds) jliuni], ganj, {dakh.) manda. 

To Bewail, afsos k., bilbilana, palanfi, 544. 

Bewailing, {subst.) giriya o zarT, 2121. 

Beware ! zTnhar, zinhar, pesh nigah ! 978. 

To Beware, Idiabardar h., agah rahna. 

To Bewilder, bhatkana, bbulana, 1717. 

To Bewitch, moh lena, jadu k. 

Bewitched, afsfm-zada, maftun, mohit. 

Bewitching, dil-ruba : see Charming. 

Beyond, pare, udliar, par, age, pailar, 610. 

What is Beyond, ma wara. 

Bezoar, pfid- or pa-zahr, zahr-muhra. 

Bias, mail, i-uju", mailan, nlyat. 

To Bias, ma'il k., lubhana. 

Child's Bib, shah'ikS. 

Bible, taunt {pentatettch), iiijU {neio tes- 
tament). 

Bickering, khSna-jangl, 1819. 

To Bid, {say to) kahna, sunana, {command) 
farmana, hukm k., {invite) nyotnii, da'- 
wat k. : — adieu or farewell, salam k., 
wida* or bida k. 

Bidder, {in buying) kbwast-gar. 

Bidding, {summons, Sf-c.) bulahat. 

Biennial, do-sala. 

Bier, takhta, janaza, tabut, khatiyil. 

Biestings, phenus, peyfis, khis. 

A dish made with Biestings, khirsa. 

Big, barfi, mota, kalan, jasim : — with 
child, haraila, garbbini. 

Bigamist, dujbar. 

BiGBELLiSD, bar-peta {adj. m.). 

BIgha, {measure of land) 453. 

Bigness, bara'I, mota'i, jasfimat. 

Bignonia chelonoides, paral : — indica, 
son ; — suaveolens, paral. 

Bigoted, Bigot, muta'assib. 

Bigotry, ta'assub. 

Bilboes, bar, kath. 

Bile, {gall) pitt, zabra, safra: — or Boil, 
phora, dummal, {small) phuriya. 

Bilious, safra'i. 

Bill, {beak) ehonch, minkar, thonth, nok, 
{kind of hatchet) da'o : — of exchange, 
hundl, hundawT : — 0/ exchange paid, 
khokha : of exchange payable at sight, 
darsani : — of sale, sar-khatt, bai*-nama : 
see Account, Note, List, Invoice. 

To Bill, cboga- or dana-badalna, 340. 

Billet, {note) chitthi, ruk'a, 1395, 642. 

, {log) chaila, kunda, katta. 

To Billet, tikana. 

Billiard-room, anta-ghar. 

Billing, {of birds) dana-badlauwal. 

Billion, kharb. 

Billow, mauja, hilkor, hilkora. 

To Billow, mauj mama, halkorna. 



BLA. 



mauj-zani. Billows, amwaj. 

Billowy, mauj-zan, mauwaj. 

Bin, kothi. Binary, musanna. 

To Bind, bandbna, band k., bandhana, ja- 
karna, kaidi., dibandna, (a hook)yAik.: 
— apprentice, shagird k. : — by promise, 
bachan-bandh k., 292 : — on or tie up 
the kilchh, kachhna : — up the edge of a 
sword, chot bandbna. 

Binder, {of a iooi) jild-gar, 1416, 1852. 

Binding, {subst.) bandh, bandish, bastagi, 
rabt ; — of a book, jild, juz-bandi. 

Biographer, mu'arrikh, rawl. 

Biographical mem irs, tazkira. 

Biography, riwayat, tarikh, tazkira. 

Biped, do-paya. 

Bird, cbiriya, murgb, pakheru, parand, 
panchhi, khag, tair, ta'ir, pankhl : — and 
vehicle 0/ Vishnu, garur: fabulous — , sl- 
murgb, anka, kuknus : state of a — sit- 
ting at ease and trimming its wings, ku- 
ryal : young — , cbiiza : — call, zafll. 

Birdcatcher, chiri-raar, shabr-dar, 2011. 

Birdlime, liink, lasa (?), {dakh.) shilam. 

Bird's nest, ghonsla, khondha, 101, 831. 

Birth, janam, tawallud, 603, 31, {lineage, 
^c.) jat, {litter) jhol, {rank by descent) 
kbandan. 

Birthday-, janam-din, salgirik : tying a 
knot on the — •, bavas-ganth. 

Birthplace, janam-bhGm, maulid. 

Birthright, irs, mauius, bapautl. 

Biscuit, kak, kulicha. 

Bishop, mujtabid, 1514, {at chess) pil. 

Bishop's weed seed, ajwa'in. 

Bit, {piece) tukra, tukra, zarra, lakht, 
{scrap, rag) purza, chit, parcha, para : — 
of a bridle, jibhi, bonthi, lagam. 

Bitch, kutti : sob of a — , sag-zada. 

To Bite, katna, katkhana, {to cheat) tbag- 
na, {to pain) jalana, {as a horse) munh 
dalna : — and mumble, bhambhorna, {as 
a snake) dasna, {as cold) lagna, {as pep- 
per) lagna, jhaljhalana : — the ground, 
mitti pakarna : — the lips, hoiith dabana, 
{dakh.) bontan chabna : addicted or in- 
clined {a horse) to — , kattar : inclined to 
— , katasa, kataha. 

Biter, Biting, {horse) dandan-glr, {veno- 
mous reptile) gazanda. 

Horse that Bites at the foot of his rider, 
moza-glr. 

Bitten, kata, gazida, dasa. 

Bitter, karwa, talkh, tita, tez. 

Bittern, chamar-bagll, bQtlmar. 

Bitterness, karwahat, talkhi, ufusat, {as- 
perity) tnndi, kbushiinat, sakbti. 

Bitumen, nift or naft, nafat, 1302. 

To Blab, parda-darl k., fash k., kholna. 

Blab, Blabber, parda-dar, 695. 



BLE 2255 

Black, kala, siyah, siyah, syara, jhai'iwra, 

kcishn, shum, tira-rang, 1602, 1561. 

, (a horse) shab-rang, mushkl, 75. 

, {subsl.) syamata, kalapan. 

and blue, nila pila, {dakh.) raalgaja. 

colour to make chintz, kat. 

Sjtot or mole, shamat. 

Clad in Black, siyah-posh. 

O/'Black complexion, sabz-rang. 

To Black, kfda k., {dakh.) kalana. 

Blackamoor, habshl, zangl. 

To Blacken, kila k., {dakh.) kalanS, {to 

defame) ilib lagana, muttahira k. 
Black-eyed, siyah-chasbm : — faced, si- 

yah-ru : — headed, kal-sira : — hearted, 

siyah-dil. 
Blackguard, tuchcha, rind, shuhda. 
Blacking, kalik. 

Blackish, siyah-fam, kala-sfi, 1599. 
Black-mouthed, {horse) siyah-talu. 
Blackness, siyahi, syamata, 1537, 1336. 

of the hair, siyah-mii'i. 

Blacksmith, lobar, Inhar, ahangar, 9.52. 
Bladder, masana, phukna, 1378, shash- 

-djin, 1221, 588, {blister) phaphola. 
Blade, {of an herb) barg, patta, {of a sword) 

phal : sword — of one piece of steel, yak- 

-lohl. 
Blain, phora, abila, phaphola. 
Blamable, taksir-wiir, ma'yub, mulzam. 
Blame, malamat, dos, ilzam, ta'n. 
To Blame, dokhna, malamat k., dhaiisna. 
Blamed, malQm, nindit, mu'atab. 
To be Blamed, zaban men parna. 
Blameless, be-taksir, nir-dokh. 
Blamelessness, be-takslrl. 
To Blanch, {peel) cbhilka utama, {bleach) 

nikharna, ujla or sufaid k. 
Bland, mula'jm, narm, komal, hallm. 
Blandishment, naz, ada, chochia, karash- 

ma, hav-bbav : affected motion in — , latak. 
Blank book, bayaz, saflna. 
To leave a Blank, jagah chborna. 
To look Blank on any occasion, 1976. 
Blanket, lo'i, kammal, kamli. 
Blast, phunk, jhoka, 399, 1672. 
To Blast, {destroy) satyanasA., barbad d., 

{a purpose) faskli &., {in a forge) pigh- 

lana, galana : see To Blight. 
Blaze, shu*la, bhabhukii, bharak. 
To Blaze, dhadhakna, bharakna. To Blaze 

or Blazon, iz'har k., mash'hiir k. 
Blazing, {adj.) sbu'la-zan, {subst.) luhab. 
To Bleach, nikharna, {dakh.) khumbi k. 
Bleak, siina, tbanda (.'). 
Bleared, Blear-eyed, cbipraha, 1136. 
To be Blear-eyed, ankb ani, 1563. 
To Bleat, chichiyiina, mimiyanii. 
To Bleed, {v. n.) lohii girna, lohu bahna, 

{v. a.) fasd k., nashtar lagana, (a tar 



2256 



BLO 



tree), chhe'ona : — at the nose, naksir 

phutnii : — from the bit, {a horse) 6q2. 
Bleeder, {letter of blood) rag-zan. 
Bleeding, fasd : application to stop — , 

raku. 
Blemish, dagli, kalank, lib, dokh, dosh. 
To Blemish, dSgh d., daghl i., liarf lana. 
Without Blemish, be-bad, nikhot. 
To Blend, (v. 7i.) milna, (v. a.) milana. 
Blended, makblut : to be — , shamil A. 
To Bless, du'a d., asTs d., {to prosper) ba- 

rakat d. , kamyab i. , {to praise) sarahua, 

durud bhejna, hamd k. 
Blessed, mubarak, khujista, mutabarrak. 
Blessedness, sa'adat, khusbi. 
Blesser, du'a-go. 
Blessing, {subst.) du'a, du'a-go'I, asis, 

{benefit) barakat, inayat, ghanlmat, karam. 

on him, alaibi-s-salam. 

The Blessing of God on him ! 1422. 

To gite a Blessing, du'a d. 

Blight, {on com, i^-c.) arkan, geru'I, 

lendha, {calamity) afat, ghazab. 
To Blight, jhulas d., pazhmurda A. 
Blighted, pazhmurda. 
To be Blighted, kumhlanii. 
Blind, andha, andhla, kor, na-bina, andli- 

yara, 620 : — at night, rataundhiya : — 

of one eye, kana, hawal, aliwal. 
A Blind, parda, {deception) bahana, bhu- 

lawa : Venetian — , jhilmil, chilwan. 
To Blind, {throw dust in the eyes) 207. 
To be Blind, ankhphutnl, {mentally) ankh 

na rakhni, {wilfully) 207. 
To make Blind, finkli phorni. 
Blinded with vieallh, dhanandh. 
To Blindfold, ankli band k. 
Blindman's Buff, ankh-michaull, 206. 
Blindness, na-bina'i, andlilapan, kori : 

night — , rataundba. 
BLINKAKD,(arf/.)chundha,(s'Mfo/.)chondhla. 
Bliss, anand, param-gati, bari khushi. 
Blissful, dil-kusha, farah-bakhsh. 
Blister, pbaphola, abUa, phulka, jhalka. 
Blithe, Blithsome, hansmukb, 1589. 
Blithsomeness, khanda-ru'i. 
To Bloat, bhabhrana, sfij j. 
Block, {of wood) kath, kunda. 

, {of stone) chatan, chattan. 

To Block, To Blockade, ihataA., gherna, 

muhasara i.; rokna, masdud k. 
Blockade, Blockading, mubfi?ara, 1759. 
Blockhead, be-wukuf, ponga, jar, chutiya, 

ut, ullu, ahmak, gawdi, ghamaf. 
Blocks of wood to raise a bed, pa-lakri. 
Blood, lohu, khun, rakat, lahu, {lineage) 

nasi, zat, {family) gharaiia, kbandan, 

{killing, murder) khun: a — , bSnka: 

— royal, mukarrabu-l-hazrat : — turned 

to water through grirf, khun-aba: ani- 



BLU 

mat that feeds on — , khun-khwar : bound 
or clotted together with — , khun-basta : 
covered with — , lohu-luhan : dropping — , 
khun-chakau : pouring out of — , khun- 
-afshanl : price of — , tawan, khun-baha. 
diyat : stained with — , khun-aluda : to 
pass — by stool, lohu baithna : to spit — , 
lohu dalna : — drinking, — drinker, 
{dakh.) Ihau-pTv : — hot, shir-garm, gun- 
guna : — letter, fassad, rag-zan. 

Bloodshed, khun-rezi. 

Bloodshedder, khunrez, safFak. 

Bloodshot, khun-aluda, surkh, lal. 

eye, ankh ka dora. 

Bloodsucker, jaUad, kassab, katar, {leech) 
jonk, zalu. 

Bloodthirsty, tishna-i-khun, khun-khwar. 

Bloody, khun-aluda, lohu-luhan, {sanguin- 
ary)khunT,hatyara: — worA, khun-kharaba. 

flux, atisar, lohu baithna. 

minded, khun-khwar, klmnl. 

Bloom, shugiifa, phiil, bahar: — of youth, 
nau-jawani : in the — of youth, nau-jawan. 

To Bloom, phtilna, khilna, lahlahana, 1992. 

Bloomed, shikufta, shugufta. _ 

Blooming, shugufta, dahdaha, 1806, 1365. 

Blossom, phSl, kali, {of a tree) manjar, {of 
the mango) maur. 

To Blossom, phulna, khilna, dahdahana, 
{as the mango tree) maurana, maulna. 

To cause to Blossom, khilana. 

Blossomed, pbula, shikufta, shugufta. 

Blossoms of the palas tree, tesii. 

Blot, phutki, dagh, biind : see Blemish, 
Spot. Blotted, chakkan. 

To Blot, daghi k. : — out, metna, 1846. 

Blotch, dagh, dadora, muhasa. 

Blow, chot, ?arb, mar, jhoka, war, taman- 
cha, tamacha : — of the fist, musht, niuk- 
ki, ghiisa, {of the foot, as on a stone) thes, 
thokar, {misfortune) sadma, balii. 

To Blow, {as wind) bahna, chalnii, {with 
the breath) phunkna, phukna, (a fire) 
dam k., phunkna, lahkana, {as a con- 
jurer, S^c.) dam k., {a wind instrument) 
phunkna, (as a flower) khilna, harakhna, 
phulna, bikasna : — the nose, sinakna : 
— out, bujhana, gul d. : — up or away, 
uranii : — up into aflame, bharkana : — 
with bellows, S(c., dhaunkna, {inflate) 
phiinkna, {dakh.) phugana. 

To receive a Blow, chot khiina. 

Blowing, {subst.) phunk, nafkh, 1065. 

Blown, {expanded) shugufta, damida. 

To be Blown, {with the breath) phunknii. 

up into aflame, phukna, 941. 

Blowpipe, phukni. 

To Blubber, dapharna, bilbilana. 

Bludgeon, lath, IStliT, sontii, ohob. 

Blue, {aubst.) nil, mlna, kabCid, {adj.) nila. 



BOD 

lllu, azrak, arzak : — eyed, kanja : — 
light, {fireworks) mahtabi ; — stone, ml- 
na, 2107 : dark — , {adj.) syam : dark — 
garment, nll-ambar : light or sky — , uda. 

Blueness, nlla'i, mlahat. 

A Bluish colour, sosni. 

Blunder, sahii, dhokha, khata, chuk. 

To Blunder, chukna, khata k. 

Blunderbuss, damanak, {dakh.) bukmiir. 

Blunt, {dull) kuml, thotlS, bhota, bhon- 
thra, {unpolished) na-tarashida, jabadda. 

To Blunt, kund k. 

Bluntness, kundi, {dakh.) mundpana. 

Blush, khijlat. To Blush, khijlat-utbani 
or -khani, lajana, chapna : to — , {a flower) 
chuhchuhana : to cause to — , lajwanii. 

Bluster, tartarahat, sannata, 1761, 1768. 

To Bluster, laf mami, tartarana, 340. 

Blusterer, laf-zan, khud-farosh, 1602. 

Blustering, laf-zam, dhauiis dharalla. 

Boa constrictor, aj-gar. 

Boar, barah, sii'ar, kh5k, khinzlr. 

, {swell of the tide) mendha. 

Board, {plank) takhta, pat, patra, {feed- 
ing) petiyfi, khurak, khan.i pina : — on 
which children learn to write, patl, takhti, 
{table) safra, dastar-khwan, {council) ka- 
chahri, majlis. 

On Board, par, kishtl par, jahiiz par. 

To Board, {mount, attack) charhna, ham- 
la k., {live with) khana pina k., {feed) 
khauii pina pahunchana. 

Board wages, kliuraki. 

Boarding, {covering of boards) 639. 

Boards of the binding of a bookf dafti. 

used to press in bookbinding, 1398. 

Boast, Boasting, bara'i, kalla-zani, laf- 
-zani, tafa khur, mufakharat, laf-guzaf. 

To Boast, ding marna, faklir k., dam miir- 
na, tartarana, 327, 307, 151. 

beyond one's ability, 835. 

Boaster, khud-farosh, laf-zan, 1602, 1468. 

Boat, kishti, na'o, nav, pot, 547, 1292, 533 : 
flat-bottomed — , patela, hola : fly — , 
ghurab : kind of pleasure — , mor-pankhi : 
kind of large — or lighter, bhar : kind of 
small — , ulak, ek-tha, panso'i, doni : a 
tow — , chhor : — for travelling in, bajrii. 

Boatman, Boatsman, kishti-ban, mallah, 
khewak, manjhi, nav-wala, naiya. 

Boatswain, sarhang, galhaiya. 

To Bode, dahllat k., shugQn d., batlana. 

BoDicE,angiya, choli, sina-band, 1617,1860. 

Bodies, ajsani, ashbah, abdiin. 

Bodiless, mujarrad, be-jism, be-tan. 

Bodily, badani, jismani. 

Bodkin, mil, sutari, chhonchhi. 

lionv, jism, badan, sarir, deb, tan, kiiya, 
jussa, ang, andam, jasad, {person) sliakhj. 
{company of persons) jainii'o, guroh, jatha, 



BON 

majlis, sabha, {troop) risala, tuman, {cor- 
poration) mandall, firka, {strength) kuwat : 
animal — , jism-i-liaiwani : metallic —, 
jism-i-jauharl : vegetable — , jism-i-na- 
bati : — of a boat, Sfc, khol : — of laws, 
HfC, kul-Iiyat : — of a tree, tana, kunda : 
main — of an army, ghol : having — , 
mujassam : — clothes of cattle, jhol. 

BoERHAViA diffusa, gadha puma, 740. 

Bog, chor-zamin, daldal,^pank, 1095, 1649. 

To Boggle, chaunknfi, hatakna, 152, 537, 
737. 819, 2170. BoGGLER, chaunkel. 

Boggy, daldala. 

To Boil, (». n.) josh mama, ubalna, khaul- 
na, usanna, {v. a.) khaulana, ubalna, uslj- 
na, josh d. , {dress food) pakiina : — 
clothes for washing, khum charhanil : — 
in sirup, pakna : — over, {v. n.) uphanna> 
{v. a.) utrana. 

Boiled, usnii, 540. To be Boiled, 1188. 

Boiler, {vessel) hands, karah. 

Boiling, {subst.) josh, autan, {adj.) 808. 

over, {subst.) ghalayan. 

Boisterous, tufani, mauj-zan, mauwaj. 

BoiSTEttonsNESs, tundl, mauj-zam, tezl. 

Bold, diler, dilawar, jawan-mard, surma, 
shnja", bahadur, jari, {rude) gustakh, 
shokh, {as a picture) numayiin, {as a 
shore) saf {Roeb.), hamwar, chauras (?). 

Boldly, dilerana, nisank, mardana. 

Boldness, dileri, dilawan, jur'at, shuja'at, 
bahaduri, {rudeness) gustakhi, dhitlia'I. 

Bole, {earth) gajni : — armeniac, Arme- 
nian Bole, gil-i-armanl, 1947, 1528. 

Boletus igniarius, agharikun. 

Bolster, takiya, gaw takya, balish. 

To Bolster, takiya lagana. 

Bolt, {of a door) dar-band, kufl, billl, hur- 
ka, {thunderbolt) chakkT, bajar, gaj. 

To Bolt, {to fasten) band k., {to swallow) 
gutakna, uigalna : — up, jhap se uthna. 

Bolus, tikiya, kurs (?). 

Bomb, ghubara, ghubiire ka gola. 

Bombardier, golandaz, top-chi. 

Bombast, mubalagha, bara'i. 

Bombax heptaphi/llnm, semal, sembal. 

BoMBAX pentandrum, {dakh.) khatti'an. 

Bond, band, kaid, bandhan, rabt, {of affi- 
nity) sar-rishta, rishta, {obligation) ta- 
massuk, muchalka, ikrar-nama, tip, 1043. 

Bondage, aslri, kaid, giriftari, 365. 

Bondmaid, bandf, kanlzak, laundT. 

Bondman, Bondsman, banda : see Slave : 
{security) zfimin, kafil, hazir-zamin. 

To remain in Bonds, kaid rahna. 

Bone, haddi, ustukhwan, azm, bar, 2171. 

Bones, izam : — of a dead person, Sfc, 
phul : place where — are laid, harwar : to 
make no — of, khatra na kama. 

Bonesetter, kamangar, shikasta-band (?). 



BOR 

Bonfire, ala'o. Bonmot, maza, maz'baka. 

Bonne bouche, chat, chattha. 

Bonnet, kulah, taj, topl. 

Bonny, sundar, chhabila, khubsijrat. 

Bony, haddlla, haddi-dar. 

Booby, dabang, sada-lauh, aniiri. 

Book, pothi, kitab, sahifa, jild, pustak, 
nama, daftar, risala: — of destiny, lauh- 
-i-mahffiz : — of roads, rah-nama : — of 
the histories of barbers, surgeons, Sfc, 
kisbat-nama : — of drawings, or of spe- 
cimens of fine penmanship, murakka'a : 
blank common-place — , bayaz, saflna : of 
a — , like a — , kitabi : small — worn as 
an amulet, gutka : writing — , nuskha. 

To Book, darj k., daftar men likhna. 

Book-binder, jild-gar, salihaf, mujaUid. 

keeper, hisab-nawls, muharrir. 

maker, granth-kfir, musannif. 

Books, saha'if, kutub, masahif, 2061, 1915- 

Bookseller, kitab-farosh, sahhaf. 

Boom, shahtir, lakar, biim {Roeb.). 

Boon, {subst.) bar, bakhshish, in'am, {adj.) 
yar-bash, khush-tab*, shatir. 

Boor, ganwar, dihkani, dihkan, jangli. 

Boorish, anchhila, natarashida. 

BooRiSHNESS, dihkaniyat, ganwarpana. 

Boot, moza, chakma, khuff: leg of a — , 
pawa'i : — maker, moza-gar. 

To Boot, {avail, profit) lahna, fa'ida k., 
{over and above) ruk, pha'o, alawa, 1750. 

Booth, chhappar, mandwa. 

Bootless, be-fa'ida, la-hasil, anarth. 

Booty, yaghma, liit, ghanimat. 

BoPEEP, jhanka jhonki. 

Borage, lisanu-s-saur. 

B0B.ASSVS Jlabelliformis, tar, tal, 352, 651. 

Borax, burak, tinkar, sohaga, suhaga. 

Borborygmi, karakar, garbara. 

Border, {margin) kinilra, chhor, kagar, zih, 
hashiya.kor, (Aem)maghzI,palIu,(^o!mce) 
sanjaf, {confine) ^nwar, {in a garden) mend. 

Borders, aknaf, hawashl, hudiid. 

Bore, {of a gun, Ifc.) pet, muhri, nal, 446, 
{high tide in the Ganges, ifc.) ban. 

To Bore, bedhna, barmana, salna, chhedna, 
455> 1633 : — a bullock's nose, Sfc, 2025. 

Boreas, uttara. 

Bored, sufta. To be Bored, chhidna. 

Borer, bedhi, bedhiya, {gimlet, S(c.) siija. 

Boring the ears, kanwa'i. 

Born, paida, jana, jaya, maulud, mutawal- 
lid {in compos.) zada, zad, za. 

Born of one mother, sahodar, majiiya, 1118. 

As Born of the mother, madar-zad. 

To be Born, paida h., tawallud h. 

Borne, kashlda. To 4e Borne, 1659. 

Borough {or Burgh), kasba (?). 

To Borrow, karz lena, mang lena, 2166: 
— for another, mang dena, 

7 H 



SOU 



2257 



Borrowed, musta'ar, karzl, 1444, 1827 : 

— at interest, {money) sudl. 
Borrower, mangta. 
Borrowing, {subst.) isti'ara, warn, 2166, 

1444 ; — and never paying, lahlot. 
Who Borrows and never pays, 1822. 



Bos 



grunmens, sura-ga 0, sura-ga e. 



Bosom, bar, sina, ur, kuch, {embrace) god, 
kinar, ankwar, aghosh, kaula: — friend, 
ham-dam : — secrets, pet kl bateii. 

Boss, phiil, {dakh.) gundl. 

Resin of the Boswellia serrata, luban. 

Botany, ilm-i-nabat. 

Botch, dagh, dad : see Patch. 

Both, donon, dono, bar do. 

■ sides, {as in a lawsuit) tarfain. 

Bottle, shTsha, gulabi, ?abuhl : leathern — , 
kuppi, 303 : small leather — , mashklza : 
a square — , chau-pahal. 

Bottom, tala, tall, tab, thah, tal, {extre- 
mity) sira, {low land) maidan : — of a 
vessel, box, pot, S{c.,-penda. : — for wind- 
ing thread, pechak : — of a well, i;c., 
ka'r : u-ithout — , (a horse) kam-rah. 

Bottomless, be-tah, agam, agadh. 

Bough, dal, dall, dar, shakh, 741, 573. 

Bought, kharlda, kharld, mubi'!. 

Bougie, bati, batti, shaffa. 

Bounce, chaukari, kulanch, lapak. 

To Bounce, chaunk parna, lapakna, 908. 

Bouncer, laf-zan, mubaligh. 

Bound, {limit) nihayat, hadd, intiha, {jump) 
phalang, kiid, tap, chaukari, karchhal, {of 
a ball, Sfe.) lappa, {connected with) wa- 
-basta, {fastened, 8fc.) basta, band, mu- 
kaiyad, muta'akkid, {by favour or obliga- 
tion) mamniin, ihsanmand, {to perform 
something) mustamsak, (a book) mujallad : 
— round, muraitha : — to some place, 
azim, mutawajjih. 

To Bound, {to limit, q. v.) hadd bandhna, 
malidud k., {to jump, q. v.) kiidna, jast 
marna, uchhalna, taraphna, {as a shot) 
tappa khana. 

To be Bound, {towards) azim h., 1843. 

Boundary, sar-hadd, hadd, or, 1020, 1338. 

Boundaries, hudiid. 

Bounded, mahdiid. 

Boundless, be-intiha, be-hadd, 435, 1765. 

Boundlessness, be-haddl, be-intiha'I. 

Bounds, l.iadd : beyond — , az hadd, hadd 
se ziyada : to go beyond — , hadd k. : 
without — , be-nihayat. 

Bountiful, Bounteous, karim, jauwad, 
data, faiz-rasan, faiyaz. 

Bountifulness, Bounteousness, karlmi, 
jud, dat, dan. 

BouNT\-, faiz, karam, kirpa, daya. 

Bourn, {brook) nahr, nala, («nii7) hadd. 

To Bouse, dhokna, dabosna. 



2258 



BRA 



Bout, pher, ber, bar, daf", martaba. 
Bow, {obeisance, q. n.) dandwat, parnam, 
kornisb, salam, ruku", (m the sky) boro, 
kaus-i-kuzah, (to shoot with) dhanuk, 
kaman, (for cleaning cotton) dhanuki, 
dhunwT, {for practising with) kabada, 
{of bamboo) kamtha, {small) nimcha : — 
maker, kamaa-gar : — ofArjun, gandlva : 
— of a fiddle, kamancha : — of a saddle, 
zIq ka kash, agu'a, janagh : — of Vishnu, 
saraug : — shot, partab : — with an iron 
chain instead of string, lezam : armed with 
a — , kamaa-dar : grasp or middle of a 
— , kabza : horn of a — , gosha : kind of 
— , yak-rukhi, do-rukbl, bilal-daur: pellet 
■ — , ghulel : to bend a — , chilla charhana : 
to string a — , charhana : to be strung, a 
— , charhna : to unbend a — , kaman 
utama. 
To Bow, (». n.) jhukna, nihurna, nauna, 
lachna, {v. a.) jhukana, nihurana, nawana, 
lachana, 2110, 2094: —down, {depress) 
dabana, {bend down the body) kadd khara 
k. : {make a bow) sir jhukana : to make a 
profound — , zamln-bos h. 

Bowed, kham, kamani. 

To be Bowed down or depressed, dabna. 

Bowel, lad. Bowels, antri, darun, ant, 
{inner part) darmiyan : pain in the — , 
marora: dangerous — complaint in horses, 
kurkiirl. 

Bower, kunj, mandwa, shakhsar. 

The Bowing in prayer, rak'at, 1182, 1050. 

Bowl, tasht, tas, jam, saghar, kasa, {a 
beggar's) kachkol, {of brass, Sfc.) katora. 

Bowman, tir-andaz, dhanuk. 

Bowstring, zih, roda, panach, 553. 

Box, {chest) sanduk : s>nall — , saudukcha, 
dibba, peti, {casket) batta, hukka, durjak, 
{for holding betel, Sfc.) pan-dan, {for 
lampblack) kajal-dan, {for lime to chew 
with betel) chunautT, {for mist) misi-dan, 
{for surma, ^c.) surma-dan : small — for 
pills, Sfc, dibbi, dibiya: small — for per- 
fumes, chaughara : a — on the head, ISf-c, 
dhaul, thappar, ghusa. 

The Box tree, shamshful, baks, buks. 

Boxer, musht-zan, mal, mall. 

Boxing, (««*«<.) jang-a-mushtl, 1756. 

Boy, {male child) lafka, chhokra, pisar, bal, 
chhohra, bala, lal, kodak, dhota, ghulam, 
{dakh.) pungra : {seniant) launda. 

Boy who dances in the holt, 1540. 

Boyhood, larkapan, larka'i, baohpan. 

Bovi»u, chibil, chibilla, chhuluhla. 

Boyishness, chibillapan. 

Boys and girls, laj-ka larki. 

Brace, band, bandhan, (coa/>/i?'(juft,jugam, 
jora : — of a carriage, i(c., baddhi. 

To Brace, kasna, sametna, jakarna. 



BRA 

To Brace, {a drum) charhana, 871. 

To be Braced, {a drum) charhna. 

Bracelet, bazu-band, kankan, kangan, 
1582, 816, 288, 1687, 869, 1594, 1653, 
1972, 2090, 570. 

Maker or seller of Bb./lC%lets, 1977. 

Bracer, baksa, kabiz : see Brace. 

Braces of a bedstead, adwan, 72. 

tcorn over the shoulders, baddhi. 

Bracket, see Prop, Support. 

Brackish, shor, khaia, lona, namkin. 

Brackishness, shorish. 

Brag, laf, kaUa, Ufzam, 1468. 

To Brag, laf mama, lafzanl k., 1468. 

Braggadocio, Braggart, Bragger, 
khud-farosh, kalla-zan, laf-zan, 1409. 

Brahma, {the creator) brahma, 320, 2081. 

, {day or night of) kalpa. 

Brahman, bamanh, babman, 282, 310: — 
irho officiates at fimerals, 1997 : — who 
sits in a ghat of the Ganges, Sfc, ghatiya: 
wife of a — , bamhni, bahmam, brahmani, 
1 075 : young — , bamhneta, bahmaneta. 

Brahmanical thread, jdine'u, 799, 1218. 

Presents to Brahmans, dachhina. 

Braid, chonti, gundhan, 2007. 

To Braid, giindhna, bendhna, 1754. 

Braider, patu'il. Braiding, 1721. 

Brain, bheja, dimagh, maghz, gudii, 1688, 
394 : of the — , dimaghi : tumour or in- 
flation of the — , sarsam. 

Brainless, be-maghz, bhola, subuk-sar. 

Brainpan, khopri, kapal, kasa-i-sar. 

To beat or cudgel one's Brains, 1551. 

Brainsick, khalal-dimaghl, 993. 

Brake, jhar, jhari, jurap, jhurap. 

Bramble, jhur, jhur, khar, 974. 

Brambles, jhar, jhankar. 

Bran, bhus, bhusi, chokar, sabus, ra'iya. 

Branch, {bough) dal, drda, dall, shakh, 
{division) fasl, bab, nau", {of a stream) 
sota, khal : — of a creeper, roda : angle 
of a — and trunk of a tree, gha'I. 

To Branch out, {v. n.) pbailna, {v. a.) 594. 

Branched out, shakh dar shakh. 

Expanded Branches of a tree, chhajja. 

Branchy, shakh-dar. 

Brand, (mark from burning) dagh, gul, 
tamgha, {burning stake) lukat, lukti, 
sokhta, {stigma) kalank : see Sword. 

To Brand, dagh d., gul lagana, chitkara la- 
gana, 7B7, (a»yer»e) harf lana. 

To Brandish, ghumana, bhanjna. 

Brandy, arak, sharab, baruni, mad. 

Brangler, l.iujjatl. 

Brasier, kasera, misgar, thathera, 399. 

, {pan for fire) angethl. 

Brasil, {wood) bakam. 

Brass, pital, biiinj, ro'In. 

Brassy, pltla, birinji. 



Brat, pUla, launda, gurga. 

Wicked Brat, haizi, rag-dar. 

Brats, chench-pench, kach-bach. 

Bratado, dharalla, gldar-bhabkl, dhamki. 

Brave, dilawar, diler, shuja", sawant, ba- 
badur, jawan-mard, bir, jiwat, dilchala, 
pur-dil, surma. 

To Brave, hankarna, mukabala k., 211. 

Bravely, mardana, ghaziyana, dilerana : to 
act — , ji chalaua. 

Bravery-, jawan-mardi, dilawari, dilerl, 
bahiiduri, shuja'at.mardanagi, 2204,2193. 

Bravo ! shabash, afrin, wah wah, zihJ, 
waehhire. A Bravo, khuni, banka-chur. 

Brawl, gall galauj,jhagraragra, 1473, 5S3. 

Brawler, bakheriya, ghaugha'i. 

Brawny, chahkaith, harmushta. 

Br.ay, Braying, renk, kaia awaz (.'). 

To Bray, {as an ass) renkna. 

To Bray, {to pound, q. v.) kutna. 

Brazen, birinji, pitla : — age, dwapar : to 
— , chaprana, dhirana, gliurfish k, : — 
bodied, ro'in-tan : — faced, chapra'ii. 

Bre.^ch, {fracture, gap) darar, kasr, tut, 
rakhna, shigaf, nakb, 657, {difference, 
ifc.) ikhtilaf, khalal. bigar, bhang : — in 
a wall, bughar, bughara : — {made by a 
gun, SfC.) tor : — of faith, ahd-shikani : 

— of promise, wa'da-kliilafi, bad-ahdi, 
khulf : to make a — , {as a ball) tor k. 

Bread, roti, nan, {food in general) dana- 
-pani, kliana, khana-pTna : — made with 
milk, shir-mfj : — made with water, nan- 
-i-abi : — made with yeast, khamirl roti : 

— mixed with butter, &;c. , b^kir-khani. 
nan-i-raughani : — - rich with ghl, chiiri : 
to make — , pona, pohna. 

Breadth, chaura'i, chakla'i, pahna'i, arz: 

— of cloth, bar, 746 : — of cloth or of a 
river, pat. 

Break, tut, phut, {dakh.) tut, turwat : — 
of day, tarka, bhor, bail fajar, 5(11 : {in- 
iersijce) fasila, antar, {pause) wakfa, sakta. 

To Break, {v. n.) titna, phutna, phatna, 
{v. a.) torna, pharna, phorna, bhanjna, 
581,701, 1134, 1575. 739:— (an«i/™«- 
ment or promise) bichkana, (bachan) 
chhorna, 715, fa-skh k., {a custom) bi- 
garna : — and destroy, mSrnii ; — a 
fast, iftar k. : — down, girana : — 
forth, tutnii : — in, {to train, q. v.) 
hamwar k. : — in small pieces, chur k. : 

— in upon, 387 : — into a house by pent- 
tratiug through the wall, ki'imhal d. : — 
off, chhorni, 30, 1517, 1970 : — off {a 
purpose, Hj-c.) faskh k. : — one's word, 
bachan torna ; — out (afre) phfil ]>arna: 

— out {as an eruption) bukhar iiikalna, 
{as a fire) 390 : — to pieces or atoms, 
{v. a.) chakua chiir *., 904, 894 : — 



through troops, chir nilsaliia : — wind, 
hawa chhuranfi : — with the hand, ina- 
salna : the heart — with grief or sorrow, 
chhati phatni. 

Breaker, Breaking, {in comp.) shikan. 

Breakfast, bazii?, nashta, naharl. 

To Breakfast, hazirl khana, nashta i. 

Breakfast-time, zuha. 

Breaking, (swis<.) bhang, tut, 677, 701, 
1586, 1397 : — a fast, iftar, parna, fitr : 
— off, kat' : — out on the lips after fever, 
629 : — up of the rains, hathiya. 

Breast, chhati, sina, ur, sadr, (dug) chGii- 
chr,jijiya, kuch, joban, {heart) hirda, hi'o, 
man, dil, zd.mit,{coUarofagarment)iiuh: 
— to swell (in young women) chhat! 
gadrani : giving the — to a child when it 
contains no milk, labar-chata'i : inflamed 
— , (of a woman) thanela : one who beats 
his or her «- in the Muharram, sina-zan, 
sma-zanl : voice, sound from — , nafas. 

Breasthigh, chhatl-bhar. 

Breastplate, chapras. 

Breastwork, fasil, kangura. 

Breasts, pistan: large — , chuchchar, 861. 

Breath, sans, dam, nafas, pran, usas, nis- 
was : having slinking • — , ganda-dahan : 
last — ,dam-baz-pasin, ramak, naz', 2070: 
to be out of — , hampna, hamphna : to 
stop one's — tvhen feigning death, ^c, 
dam sadhna, 1062 : to lake — , dam lena. 

To Breathe, usasna, (m) dam phunkna, 
(out) dam chhorna : — one's last, dam 
ulatna : — short, dam phfdna. 

Breath»ng, l^siibst.) usas, tanaffus, 1108, 
1337, '(adj.) mutanaffis, : — into, nafkh. 

Last Breathings of a dying man, 957. 

Breathless, be-dam. Breaths, anfas. 

Bred, parwarda, parward. 

Breech, chutar, sunn : — of a gun, 612. 

BREECHES,kachhnT,sarwal,jaiighiya,(rfaiA.) 
cholna, gurgi, chaddi : — belt, nefa. 

Breed, nasi, zat, asl, (family) gharana, 
khandan, (race) santan, aulad : of good 
— , nasila : pure — , asTl : cross — , doghla. 

Tb Breed, (jjroduce) paidai., lana,upjana, 
nikalna, (rear) palna, posna, parwarish 
k., (educate) tarbiyat k., (be bred or pro- 
duced) paida h., upajna, (be brought up) 
palna, parwarish pana. 

Breeder, (of cattle) charwaha, gaUa-ban, 
(of children) larkori, bacha-kash (?), (of 
disturbances) kliana-iang. 

Breeding, (educaiioti) tarbiyat, (rearing) 
palan, parwarish, poslian, (manners) dhab, 
dhang, usul, atwar ; bad — , bad-usuli : 
good — , adab, imtiyaz, sallka-i-majlis. 

Breeze, jhakora, jhoka, nasim : cool re- 
freshing — , suhag-lahar : gentle — , saba, 
bad-i-sab^ : morning — , nasim-i-sahar. 



BRI 

Brevity, ikhtisar, kotahi, sanchhepan. 

Brf.wer, bozagar. Brewing, bozagarl. 

Bribe, rishwat, ghiis, akor, 1975, 1771. 

Tn Bribe, give a Bribe, rishwat d., 1032. 

To be Bribed, rishwat khana, 470. 

Briber, rashi, rishwat-dene-wala. 

Bribery, (the giving of bribes) rishwat d. 

Receiver o/" Bribes, rishwat-khor, ghunsi. 

The taking 0/ Bribes, rishwat-khori. 

To take Bribes, paisa khana. 

Brick, int, khisht, inth, libna. 

Of Brick or tile, khishti. 

Brickbat, rora, rora. 

Brickdust, surkhi, (coarse) kho'a. 

Brick-kiln, pazawa, bhattha, 489, 217. 

Bricklayer, thawa'I, raj, raz. 

Brickmaker, khisht-paz. khak-sho, 1614. 

Bricks burnt to cinders, jhama. 

Instrument for cutting Bricks, basuli. 

Brickwork, intgari. 

Bridal, arusi : — bed, i;c., jalwagah. 

Bride, dulhan, arus, bani, banri, hadi : • — 
dresser, mashshata : company attending a 
— , gaunhar: garment worn by a — at her 
marriage, chola : tent or chamber of the 
— , manassa, minassa. 

Bridegroom, diilha, dulha, katkhuda, nau- 
shah, bar, bana, banra, gabru : casket of 
jewels presented by the — to his bride, 
1 356 : ceremony of sending trays of food 
from the — to the bride, &fc., 2085: com- 
panion of a ■ — , shah-bala: feast given by 
the — previous to the wedding, manjha : 
kind of dress worn by a — , shahana. 

Bridge, pul, jisr, set, sankho, purd : — of 
a musical instrument, aspak ; — of the 
nose, bansa : — to paradise, pulsirat. 

Bridle, lagam, bag, inan, mabar, (for a 
camel's nose) nakel, (for a bullock, Sfc.) 
nath, (used while cleaning a horse) ka'izi. 

To Bridle, (a horse) lagam d., (to check) 
rokna, man' k., (to hold high the head) 
ainthna, akarna. 

Brief, kotah, mukhtasar. mujmal. 

Briefly, ikhtisar se, (in short) gharaz. 

Briefness, see Brevity. 

Brigade, dasta. Brigadier, dasta-dar. 

Brigand, kazzak. Brigandage, kazzaki. 

Bright, roshan, tabnak, ujjal, ujla, ujagar, 
chamakta, saf, nurani. 

To be Bright, chamakna, ujalna, 1981. 

Brightness, Brilliancy, ujala, jot, op, 
roshni, tabandagi, jhalak, chamchamahat, 
1034, 2093 : — of genius, zakawat, zihn. 

Brilliant, tabnak, raunakdar, shu"la-zan, 
(a pearl) lala, (a diamond) almas, hira. 

Brim, lab, kinara, (dakh.) karka, (of a well) 
menda. 

BRiMFOL,lab-a-lab,labrez,i823,ig74,ig47. 

Brimstone, gandhak, gogird, 1720, 215. 



BRO 2259 

Brine, namkln piiiiT. 

To Bring, lana, le-ana, anna, pahunchana, 
(lead, draw) khainclina : — about, bana 
lana, nibahna: — fortfi, paida ^., nikalna: 
— forward, age lana, barha lana : — off, 
nikal lana : — over, khaiiich lana : — out, 
kharachna, nikal lana : — under, taht men 
liina : — up, palna, parwarish A., lepalnii. 

Bringer, le'anhara, (in compos.) awar. 

BRiNGiNG/orM, prasav, prashab, 2069. 

home a wife, rauna, gauna, 1216. 

up, tarbiyat, dasht, palan. 

Brinish, Briny, khara, namkln, lona, slior. 

Brink, karara, arara, kinara, tir. 

Brisk, jald, shokh, zinda-dil, achpal, cha- 
buk, chust chiilak, phurtila, chatpatiya. 

Briskness, chalakJ, chusti, chabuki. 

Bristle, ro'efi, su'ar ka bal. 

To Bristle, kandrana. 

Brittle, nazuk, narm, barik, tunak. 

Brittleness, naziiki, narmi, barlki. 

Broach, sikh, sikhcha, mekh. 

To Broach, (divulge) hawa k., ishtihar k., 
(pierce) chhedna, salna. 

Broacher (originater) miijid, banl. 

Broad, chaura, arzdar, chakla, pahnawar, 
(open) khula, zahir : — day, din diya, 
roz-i-raushan -.as — as long, eksaii. 

Broad-cloth, banat, banat, sultani. 

Broadness, chaura'i, chakla'i. 

Broadside, shaikh, shallakh, barh, deliur. 

Broadsword, talwar, shamsher, tegha. 

Brocade, mukkaish, kamkhwab, zarbaf, 
badla, tash, tas, deba, b'87, 2000, 1112. 

Brogue, chhitar: see Shoe. 

Broil, (roast) kabiib, (quarrel) 346, 1516. 

To Broil, bhunna, bhunna, kabab k. 

Broiled, birishta, biryan. 

To be Broiled, bhunna. 

Broiling, (subst.) birishtagi, bhunna. 

Broken, tuta, shikasta, phiita, maksur : — 
down, kharab-hal, 1166, 1013: — off, 
munkati' : — into pieces or atoms, tuta 
phuta, chfir chur, ra'I-ka'i, 1207. 

To be Broken, tutna, phatna, phutna, (me- 
ditation, ^c.) khulna : — or interrupted, 
(sleep) uchatna. 

Brokenheart, khasta-jan-i. 

Brokenhearted, dil-shikasta, khasta-dii. 

To be Brokenhearted, jT phat^'., 669. 

Brokenness, shikastagi. 

To be Brokenwinded, (a horse) bhar7. 

Broker, dallal, mukim, miyan-ji, 68, 1241. 

Brokerage, Brokage, arhat, dallali. 

Bromelia ananas, ananas. 

Bronchocele, kanth-mala, ghega, ghenga. 

Brood, jhol. To Brood, (incubate, ^-c.) 
sewna, baithna, (oi-er in MoayAi)andesha*. 

Brooding over affliction, ta'assuf. 

Brook, nahr, nala, jo, jo'e. 



BUG 



BUL 



BUI 



To Brook, bardasht k., sabr *., sabna. 

Brooking, {subst.) tab, burdbari, sabr. 

Broom, {besom) jharu, jarub, 383, sag. 

Broth, ash, shorba, ab-i-gosht, jus, 1885. 

Brothel, kharabat, chakla, 389. 

Brother, bha'I, biradar, bhaiya, akb, bhra- 
ta, bir, bira : elder — , dada, kaka, da'u : 
father's — , amm : full or own — , saga 
bha'i, hakiki bha'i : half or step — , be- 
mat bha'i, 1342, 1359: husband's elder 
— , bhasur : mother's — , khal : third — 
of four or more, sajla : uterine or foster 
— , ham-shir : wife's — , sara, sala, sar- 
wa : younger — , kanishth : — in law, 
413, 426, 1234, 1305. 

Brotherhood, biradari, bha'I-chaii, 422. 

Brotherly, biradarana, akhwi, biradari. 

love, bha'i-chara. 

Brothers, ikhwan, biradaran. 

Brother's daughter, bhatiji : — son, bha- 
tlja, biradar-zada : — U'i/e, bhabhl, bhawaj. 

Brought, awarda : — together, mujmal. 

Brow, {front) peshani, matha, jabin, {eye- 
brow) abru, bhauii, bhirkuti, {of a hill) lab. 

To Browbeat, ghurakna, datna, 1025, 418. 

Browbeating, dat, ghurkl. 

Browx, gandum-gun, uda, 1668, 1721. 

Brownish, {or aubume) bhura. 

Brownxess, udabat, uda'i, udahat. 

To Browse, charna, chugna. 

Bruise, chot, zarb. To Bruise, {beat, 
bray) kuchalna, masalna, pisna. 

Bruised, chutlla, mas'huk, chur. 

To be Bruised, pilna, chmthna (943). 

Bruit, shuhrat. To Bruit, shuhrat urana. 

Brunt, wahla, hamla, halla, zor, bhir. 

Brush, kunchi, kuchi : painter's — , mu- 
-kalam : — for rubbing horses, hathi : 
{fight) lara'i, mukabala, liamla : see Be- 
som, Tooth-brush. 

To Brush, jharna, jhar d., kunchi marnfi ; 
— 0^, {run atvay) champat h. 

Brushwood, jhari, jhar, khar. 

Brutal, haiwani, katar, murh, jahil. 

Brutality, haiwaniyat, be-rahml. 

Bbdte, haiwan, wahshi, ban-manus. 

Brutish, dabang: see Brutal, Cruel. 

Bryonia grandis, bimb, vimba. 

scabra, {dakh.) musmusfi. 

Bryony, fashira. 

Bubble, bulbula, Imbab, buUa, bab'da, 
{cheat, deception) su'i ka sembal, dhokha. 

To Bubble, bhabhakna, 459, 808, 1656. 

Bubby, chunchi, chhati, kuch. 

Bubo, bad, chaddha, baghi, dumbal, 13. 

Buccella camiola, {dakh.) birbabotl. 

BucKBOS, dhanes: — malabaricus, 1754. 

Buchanania latifolia, piyal. 

Buck, haran, harna, mirg, 1618, 1,538, {fop, 
beau) banka, chhaila, albela, labkha. 



Bucket, dol, dolchi, dalv, 273, {leathern) 
charas, moth. 

Buckle, chapras : tongue of a — , baksu'a. 

To Buckle, chapras lagana, bandhna, {to 
arm, pi-epare) kamar-bandl k. 

Buckler, dhal, phari, sipar. 

Bud, kali, ghuncha, konpal, shugufa. 

To Bud, shugufa lana, kaliyana, maulna. 

To Budge, sarakna, hatna, talna. 

Budget, thaill, kisa, gathrl, ganth. 

Buff, chamra, post, khal (?). 

Buffalo, {male) bhainsa, gaw-mesh, 2017, 
1657. {female) bhaiiis, maihiki, {calf) 
parhl, sungra, para, m., pariya,/., {wild) 
arna, m., and arni, f ; young — , parbl, 
kara, kathra : to push with the horn as a 
— , chhipna : a — pushing with his horn, 

Buffet, thapera, ghusa, mukka, 1942. 

To Buffet, dhauliyana, mukkl mama. 

Buffeting, {subst.) sar-zanl. 

Buffoon, maskhara. hazzal, mulhi, 1817, 
1 657 : acting the — , thelna. 

Buffoonery, maskharagi, tamaskhur, hazl. 

Bug, kath-kira, khatmal, khat-glr, uras, 
sas, ninaya, 1942 : green — , gandhl. 

Bugbear, hauwa, dhokha, dhuha. 

Bugle, Buglehorn, kama'e, karna. 

BuGLOSS, gaw-zaban, lisanu-s-saur. 

To Build, ta'mlri., binaA., banana, bandh- 
na : — castles in the air, bawa-bandl k. 

Builder, mi'mar, banna, bani, 1598, 1539. 

A Building, imarat, mahall, {great or 
lofty) kasr, haikal, riwak, kashk, {act of 
building) ta*mir, bina, mi*marl : tempo- 
rary — , madha, mandap, mandwa. 

Built, imarat, naksha, bana'o. 

Bulb, {root) kand, {knob) ganth, girih. 

Bulbous, gathila, girih-dar. 

To Bulge, {let in water) pani se bhar jana, 
{jut out) bahar ko jhuk jana (.^). 

Bulk, mota'I, bara'i, {size) kadr, bhar, 
{majority) jumhur, bahut, aksar. 

Bulkiness, bara'i, mutapa, jasamat. 

Bulky, mota, bara, jasim, ton. 

Bull, bail, andu-bail, sand, brikhab, bri- 
shabh, barad, nar-gaw, {dakh.) dlior, 
{sign of the zodiac) saur, brish, {on whose 
horns the earth is fabled to rest) gaw-i- 
zamln, {blunder) dhokha, chuk. 

To Bull, {a cow) baradbna. 

Bullet, goll, {ball, cannon-ball) gola. 

Bullion, sIm o zar, chandi sona. 

Bullock, bail, badhiya, barad, {young) do- 
han, khaila : — driver, baldiya. 

Bully, banka, 275, kalla-zan, (rfai/i.) 1942. 

To Bully, dhirana, dhamkana. 

Bullying, dharalla, 1107, ghurfish, 1761. 

Bulse, akd. 

Bulwark, burj, lji?ar, kal'acha. 



Bum, chutar, surin, nitamb. 

Bump, {sicelling) gumrfi, {from the bile of 
an insect) dadora, {knot) gathiya, ganth. 

Bumper, jam-i-labrez. 

Bumpkin, ganwar, bail, dabang, kunda (?). 

Bunch, {of fruit) guchchha, khosha, jhou- 
ra, jhumka, {of a camel, ifc.) kohan, {of 
plantaim) gbaud, ghaur: — of ribands, 
^•c, phiil: — of grapes, ghaud, ghaur, 
{dakh.) jhoka (?) : — of keys, ganj (.'). 

Bundle, gattha, moth, gathil, gathiya, pu- 
linda, boba, basta, pot, {small) bukcha, 
motrl ; — of twenty-four arrows, dasta : 
— of grass, &;c., anti, pula : — of old 
clothes, gudar : — of paper or papers, 
gaddi, tablak : — of thread, kukri, lach- 
chha, wina : — or ball of string, pinda : 
{of wood, S^c, dakh.) katta : — offfly 
or one hundred sugar-canes, phandl : cloth 
in which a small — is wrapped up, dast- 
-bukcha. 

To Bundle, gathrl bandhna. 

Bung, dhattha, {dakh.) ghatta, gatta. 

Bungle, chiik, na-karda-karl (.'). 

To Bungle, bigarna, nakara baniina. 

Bungler, anarl, kham-dast. 2023. 

BuNN, halwa-sohan, tikkl, phulka. 

Buoy, tiraunda, langar-numa, {Roeb.)ho'e. 

To Buoy, tirana, bahana (?). 

Buoyancy, tira'o (?), bhasa'o (?). 

Buoyant, time ka la'ik, halka. 

Burden, bojh, bar, haml, {of a ship) bhar- 
ti : — bearing 01 drawing, bar-kash. 

To Burden, bojhna, ladua, zer-bfir k. 

Burdensome, bhfirl, sakht, {daki.) boja. 

Burgess, shahrl, shahr ka bashanda. 

Burial, dafn, taj'hiz, tadfin, garthop. 

service, mauliid. 

Buried, madfiin : — treasure, daflna : place 
where dead bodies are burnt or — , 1 316. 

To be Buried, dafn h., garna, garhna. 

BuRiER, garhaiya. 

BuRLEsauE, thattha, muzah, khilll, 658. 

To BuRLEsauE, maskharagi *., thattha 
marna, banana. 

To Burn, {v. n.) jalna, dahakna, balna, 
jama, dahna, {v. a.) jalana, dahkana, 
dahna : — brightly or clear {charcoal, 
V. n.) dagdagana : — with great fury, 
dhar dhar jalna : — without smoke or 
fame, sulagna : — {v. n. as a Hindu 
widow) sati honi : — {be burnt) to ashes, 
jal bujhna : — {bricks, v. a.) pakiina : -^ 
{a Hindii corpse) ag deni : — vessels of 
metal to clean them, agyiina. 

Place where Satis are Burned, satl-war: 
place where Hindu women are — , chaura. 

Burner, sozanda, jala'u. 

Burning, {subst.) jahin, sozish, soz, sokh- 
tan, iljrak, dah, {adj.) sozanda, sozan, ja- 



BUT 

la'u, jaru, muhrik: — (a/ever) muliarrilc, 
muhrik : — glass, atashi shisha : — of 
the dead, satkar. 

To Burnish, saikal A.,jhalkana, 888, 1397. 

Burnisher, saikal-gar, {dakh.) shikal-gar. 
. Burnt, jala, sokhta, furokjita, 1090, 784. 

To be Burnt, jalna, dahakna : fit or de- 
serving — , sokhtani. 

Burnt offering, hom. Shut, ahuti : — part 
of victuals that sticks to the bottom of a 
pot, tah-degl. 

Burrow, (hole) bil, bila, {rabbits') nakb : 

— {or borough, a town) kasba (?). 

To Burrow, bil banana, surakh A., khodna. 

Burst, {crack) karak, tarap, {rent) chak. 

To Burst, be Burst, (». n.) phatna, phut- 
na, phasakna, tarakna, tutna, 863, 873, 
1624, {v. a.) pharna, phorna, torna, tar- 
kana, phaskana, maskana, (as an abscess) 
munh k. : — forth, phutna : — and fall 
out, {as seed from the husk) chanakna : 

— into tears, phut phut rona : — with 
laughter, pet pakna. 

Bursting 0/ a husk of seed by the svn, 895. 

Burthen, bojh, bhar, {import) nichor. 

Burthen-bearing, bar-bardar, burdbar. 

To Bury, matti d., dafn k., garna, topna. 

Burying, {burial) garthop. 

BuRYiNG-GROUND, kabr-gah, goristan, 
kabristan : — for strangers or the poor, 
gor-i-ghariban : — place, madfan, mak- 
bara, 1571. 

Bush, jhar, jhan, jhur, jhundl, buta, 454, 
821, 1620 : — of which charcoal is made, 
bakas : — ofwhichtaXtnare made, jawasa. 

Bushes, ^har, jhankar. 

Bushy, jhar-khand, cbhaj : — place, 821. 

Busied, mash|bul. 

Business, kam, kam-kaj, kar-o-bar, karam, 
karaj, kar, kaj, mu'amala, kirdar, kartab, 
tahal, baipar, ishtighal, bat, babat, umur, 
gharaz, dhandha, {profession) shewa, kasb, 
pesha, uhda, 1716: carrying on of a — , 
kar-rawa'I : despatch of — , kar-guzarl : 
knowledge of — , kar-dam : momentous or 
urgent — , muhimm : one who carries on 
the — , kar-pardaz. 

Buss, cbuma, bosa, mitthi, 1856, 1847. 

To Buss, chumna, cbuma d., bosa lena. 

Bust, kalib, murat, putlii. 

Bustard, {sort of) charz, 798. 

Bustle, dhum, daur-dhiip, harj-marj, bhir- 

-bhar, tagapii, 1404, 679, 1072, 1208. 
To Bustle, daur-dhup k., tagodau k. 

Busy, mashghul, masruf, kajl, kami : — , 

meddling person, har-degl-chamcha. 
To Busy, uljhana. To be Busy, 1793. 

But, {moreover) par, pa, balki, lekin, lakin, 
magar, amma, pun, ilia, {only) fakat, 
sirf, {besides) baghair, bina, chhut, siwa. 



CAB 

Butcher, ka?9ab, ka?a'i, zabih. 

To Butcher, zabh *., katl k. 

Butcherly, saffak, khiini, khim-khwar. 

BvTEAfrondosa, palas, paras, tesu, dhak. 

BuTLER,khansaman,khidmatgar, 1389,1531. 

Butt, {to be shot at) hadaf, amaj, toda, 
kbak-toda, nishiina, ghiik, lagi, sbappa : 
— with the head, takkar ; — end of a gun, 
kunda : {object of ridicule) hansne ka sabab. 

To Butt, takrana, {as horned cattle)dh\xsna. 

Butter, makkhan, makhan, maska, lunl, 
sumun, zubda : boiled — , rauglian : cla- 
rified — , ghi, gawaghl : to give such a 
sound as oil or — when boiling, karkav- 
ana : to make the noise — does in a fry- 
ing-pan, chanchanana. 

Butterfly, bhambherl, titri, parwana. 

BuTTERMAN, makkhaniya. 

Buttermilk, chhacbb, ghol, dogh, mahyau, 
matha, 1731, 1847, 2006: — used to 
curdle milk, jaman. 

Buttery, (a(/;.)raughaQi, (snbst.) kothi (?). 

Butting, takkar, sar-zanl, 1994. 

Buttock, Buttocks, chutar, piith, surin, 
nitamb : — of a horse, kafal. 

Button, tukrha, ghundi, {of a flower) kali. 

Buttress, pushta, jagat, dbari. 

Buxom, shokh, rangila, achpal. 

To Buy, mol lena, ttaridna, kinna. 

Buyer, Icbaridar, gabak, kinwaiya. 

Buying, {subst.) kharidari. mushtari : — 
and selling, kharld farokht, len den. 

Tb Buzz, bhimbhinana, gunjna, 412, 1477, 
{whisper) in the ear, phusphusana. 

Buzz, Buzzing, bhimbhinahat, 581, 1480. 

BjjzziTSiG noise of a crowd, jhund, 958: to 
have a — in the ears, 1928. 

By, {near) pas, nazdik, par, ba, {from, by 
means of) se, sen, te, ten, son, sun, su, 
az, ba, sabab, ba'is, {each, per) sare, fi, 
{present) samne, hazir : — Iieart, — rote, 
az-bar : — and by, dam-bbar, dam-men, 
abhi : — the by, han, zimnan : — the 
way, zimnan : — door, chor-khirkl : — 
law, ka'ida-i-makhsiis : — name, lakab : 

— path, pag-dandl, 542 : — road, chor- 
-gall : — room, chor-khana, khalwat-gah. 
hujra : — slander, sbabid, bazir, sakbi : 

— street, gali, koliya : — way, pag-dandl: 

— the way of, az-rab-i ; a — word, 1427. 



Cabal, gosht, gusht, bandisb, sazisb, 1484. 
To Cabal, bandisb bandhna, maslahat k. 
Cabbage, karam-kalla, karamb, kalla, kobi, 

1577 ■ — worm, jhanjha : to — , chori k. 
Cabin, jhompri, jbompra, kuti, chhappar, 

{dakh.) gursi, {of a ship) dabiisa. 

7 I 



CAL 2261 

Cabinet, (room) khalwat-khrma, (4oaf)?an- 
duk, duijak : — council, dlnan-l-khagg : 
— mater, see Carpenter. 
Cable, rassil, burj, hamar {Roeb.). 
Cacalia sonchifolia, sufaid gobhT. 
Cackle, {of a hen) kurkurahat (.=\ 
To Cackle, {to prate) bakna, {to gigglf) 

kabkaha k., {as a hen) kurkurana. 
Cackler, {idle talker) bakwadl. 
Cacochymia, kbilt-i-ffisid. 
Cactus indicus, cbappal-send. 
CADAVEROus,murda-sa,(pM<ri(/;muta'aflin. 
Cadence, {of tone) lahja, kafiya, saj". 
Cadet, luhra, ummedwar. 
Cadi, kazi : see Judge. 
C^esalpinia bonducella, katkamj, 1557. 

pulcherrima, shaitan-singar. 

sappan, bakam. 

C/ESAR, kaisar. 

Cesura, {pause in reading verse) taktj". 
Caffre, kafirl, habsbi. 
Cage, pinjra, kafas, khancha, (wooden) 
kat'liara, (for wild beasts) kat'bar. 

To Cajole, phuslana, tamalluk k., dam d. 
Cajoler, phuslauniya, jhansu, dam-bai. 

Caitiff, kafan-chor, bad-zat, ghata (.'). 

Cake, phulka, cbapiitT, papar, paratha, 
rahm, purl, tikiya, girda, kak, (of pease - 
-meal) besnauti, (flat mass) parat, tukra. 

Cakes, papri, 1194,308,455,494: sweet 
— fried in butter, Sfc, gulgula, malida. 

Caladium esculentum, arwi or arwi (?). 

Calamities, afat, balTyat, dukhra. 

Calamitous, siyab-bakht. musibat-zada. 

Calamity, afat, fitna, bipat, gbazab, aseb, 
bala, apada, andher, sadma, 1915. 

Calamus rotang, bet, bed. 

aromaticxis, bach, vach. 

Calash, gari, rath, bahal, yakka. 

To Calcine, (v. n.) bhrasht h., {v. a.) 974. 

To Calculate, hisab k., ginna, 310, 1718. 

Calculating, (subst.) barawurd. 

Calculation, muhasaba, hisab, 1718,807. 

of nativity, tewa, najm. 

Calculator, muhasib, hisab-nawis, ankak. 

Calculus, patthri, sang-i-masana. 

Caldron, handa, deg, (s»8aH)handi, degclia. 

Calendar, patra, takwim, poti, 906. 

To Calender, kundi k., ghotna. 

Calendering, kundi. 

CALENDERER,kundigar. Calends, ghurra. 

Calendula, gul-i-ashrafi. 

Calf, bachhra, baebbrii, bachha, lerii, go- 
sala, (fern.) bacbhiya : — of the leg, pim.l- 
U, tin, 556 : (dolt) gawdl ; skin of a — 
stuffed, kartl. 

Calico, chhint, rang! (.' Gilch.), 518. 

Calif, Caliph, khalifa: office or dignity 
of—, kbilafat. 

To Calk, (a ship, ifC.) kala-patti *., gabnS. 



02fi-2 



CAM 



Act o/" Calking a ship, (fc, kala-patti. 

Call, bulahat, pukar, haak, lalkar, 540, 
■2215: — to prayer, nida : lird — , zafll. 
To Call, {say) kahna, bhakhna : — out to, 
bulana, pukama, hank marna, terna : — 
aloud, pukama, tema, dapatna : — away, 
rokna, baz rakhna : — for, talab k., man- 
gana : — names, gali d. : — on, {to visit) 
mulakat i., mujra k., bhentna : — out, 
{to bawl) guhrana, pukama: — out for 
justice, dad faryad k., algUyas k. : {to 
challenge) lalkaraa : — over, parhna : — 
to mind, {recollect) yad k. 

Called, musamma, mausum, talabida: 
commonly — , urf : to be — , kahlana. 

Callicarpa americana, bastara. 

Calligraphv, khush-nawisi. 

Calling, {summons) ahwan, bulahat, nida, 
218, {trade, &;c.) byauhar, pesha, kasb, 
shewa : — out aloud, pukar, pukaran. 

CALi.oTnrLi.vMinopAyllum,{dakh.)saTpaji. 

Callous, kathor, karakht, sakht, 1323. 

Callousness, karakhtagi, kathorta, sakhtl. 

Calm, {mild) mu'tadil, mula'im, {still) 
thir, sthir, sunsan, {easy) asuda, sant, (a 
— ) sukun, asa'ish, chain, sukh. 

To Calm, taskin d., baithalna, thamna. 

Calmly, ahista, ahiste, dhime-dhime. 

Calmness, tashafTi, i'tidali, hamwari (?). 

Calotropis gigantea, ark. 

Caltrops, khasak, gokJirii (.'). 

7'oCalve,(».«.) byana,janna,(B.a.')paidai. 

To Calumniate, tuhmat-A., or -lagani, 
dokhna, bad-nam k., 253, 925. 

Calumniated, bad-nam. 

Calumnhtor, bad-go, muftari, 700, 994. 

Calumny, buhtan, tuhmat, lim, 136, 1601. 

Calx, khakistar, chbar : — of copper, ta- 
meswar : — of tin, bang, kala'!-i-kushta. 

Calyptranthes caryophyllifolia, {fruit) 
ujla jamun, {species of) ra'ijamua, 1160. 

jambolana, jamiin. 

Cambrick, chandeli, shab-nam (?). 

Camel, iint, ushtur, jamal, shutur, naka, 
340 : — witA two bunches on the back, 
do-koha : she — , sandni, naka, sami : 
gun carried on a — , shutur-nal : litter 
carried on a — , mahmil : mounted or one 
who rides on a — , shutur-sawar : piece 
(f wood or iron in the nose of a — , 
mahar, nakel : young — , bota : — driver 
or keeper, sar-ban, gliutur-ban : — saddle, 
mahmil : tree of a — saddle, jalifiz : — 
step, shutur-gam. 

Camelopard, shutur-gaw, zarafa, 1681. 

Disorder in Camels, baghli : focka of — , 
Ijiraj : small — , hasho. 

Camelus bactrianus, do-koha. 

Camlet, pashmlna, banat, ?uf {?). 

Camcmile, babuna. 



CAN 

Camp, khima-gah, lashkar-gah, urdu, pa- 

ra'o : — follotvers, {dakh.) bhir-bunga. 
Campaign, {of an army) safar, {country) 

maidan. 
Camphire, Camphor, kafur, kapur, 17,52. 
Camphorate, kafuri. 
Can, {the vessel) kulhra, kasa, katora (?), 

{to be able) sakna, ana. 
Canaan, kan'an. 
Canaille, aubash, arzal, pawaj. 
Canal, karez, nahr, nala, nawak, 1642, 

2040 : teatered by Canals, karezT. 
To Cancel, metna, chhinkana, mitana, 932. 
Cancelled, mundaris, mansiikh. 
Cancelling, mahk. 
A Cancer, saratan, hazar-chashma, {the 

sign) saratan, kark, karkat. 
Candid, saf, rast-baz, khara, 467, 437. 
Candidate, ummedwar, kliwastgar, talib. 
Candidateship, kh-n-astgarl. 
Candidly, munsii^na, pakbazi se. 
Candle, sham', batl, batti, dipak. 
Roman Candle, {fireworks) bhi'in nala. 
Candle's end, totii. 
Candlestick, sham*-dan, fatila-soz. 
Candle-wick, patil. 
Candour, Candidness, khara'T, rasti, 

khulis, be-riya'I, pak-bazi, 1267, 1365. 
Cane, bet, bed, nai, bambu, {staff) chharl, 

harauti, asa : field of sugar — , nai-stan. 
To Cane, lathiyana. 
Bed of Canes, nai-zar : place where — 

groiv, nai-stan. 
Canine hunger, jii' kalbl : — tooth, nab. 
Canis aureus, gidar : see Jackal. 
Canker of a sore, khilt-i-fisid : — worm, 

kira, {dakh.) kir : to — , sarna (?). 
Canna indica, akkal-bar : seed of — , 1456. 
Cannabis saliva, ganjha, bijaya, bang, sun. 
Cannibal, adam-khor. 
Cannon, top, gaj-nal, rah-kala: small — 

an an elephant, hath-nal : — ball, gola. 
To Cannonade, top or toperi mama, 699. 
Cannoneer, topchi, golandaz. 
Cannot, nahin sakta : it — be, muhal hai. 
Canoe, donga. 

Canoge, {city) kannauj, kinnauj. 
Canon, kanun, ka'ida, ziibitat a'ln. 
Canopus, {the star) suhail. 
Canopy, sayaban, shamiyana, chatrT, 1293. 
Cant, {hypocrisy) riya : — word, 679. 
Canter, {pace of a horse) poya : to — , 

poyou chalna. Cantering, {adj.) 1517. 
Cantharides, zararih, bindll (?). 
Canthus, {inner) ku'a, {outer) dumbal. 
Canticle, mazmur, astut. 
Canton, zil', pargana, mahall. 
Cantonments, chha'oni, chhauni. 
Canvass, tat, paliis, ajar, wilayatl tat (.'). 
To Canvass, (»!/?) chhanna: «ec Jb Solicit. 



CAR 

Cap, kulah, topa : — of the knee, chapni (?). 
Capability, kabUiyat, liyakat, 1310, 809. 
Capable, kabil, la'ik, patr, ahl, jog, ^adir, 

samarthT, 1898 : to be — , sakna. 
Capableness, see Capacity. 
Capacious, farakh, kushada, wasi", barii. 
Capaciousness, bara'i, kushadagi, wus'at. 
Capacity, {room) gunja'ish, sama'o, pet, 
224, {ability) kabiliyat, haisiyat, idrak, 
samarth, {fitness) liyakat, jogta, isti'dad. 
Cap-a-pie, sar-a-pa. 
Cape, {of a garment), gireban. 
Capella, {star in Auriga) aiyuk. 
Caper, kud : see Leap : — tree, asaf. 
To Caper, kudrana, kudakna (?). 
Capers, {the fruit) kabar. 
Capillary, bal-sa, {minute) barik, mihin. 
Capital, {great) azim, bara, kabir, {as 
crime) jimar, wiijibu-l-katl, {city) takht- 
gah, pa'e-takht, {stock) piinji, sarmaya, 
asl, baza'at, maya, miU. 
Capitation tajs; jizya. 
To Capitulate, kaul-karar k., tasHm k. ■ 
Capitulation, taslim, shart, kaul-karar. 
Capon, akhta murgh. 

Capparis aphylla, karil : — spinosa, asaf: 
— trifoliata, barun -.fruit of the — , pichu. 
Caprice, bu-1-hawasi, wahm, mauj, 685. 
Capricious, talauwnn-mizaj, khayilli, har- 

-dam-khayali, ochha, 372, 1842, 2024. 
Capriciousness, talauwun-miz.iji, 372. 
Capricorn, {the sign) jadi, makar : two 

bright stars in — , 1 142. 
Caprimulgus, chapka. 
To make a horse Capriole, Iambi k. 
Capsicum, gachh-mirch, lal-mirch. 

frutescens, mircha, mireha'i. 

Capsule, {of the poppy, Sfc.') dhond, 1140. 
Captain, sardar, sarhang, suba-dar : — of 
a ship, nakhuda : — general, sipah-salar, 
seua-pat : — of the guard, yasawal. 
Captious, nukta-chin, tunuk-mizaj, 346. 
Captiousness, nukta-chini, aib-jo'I, 695. 
To Captivate, band k, giriftar k., kaid *., 

{to enamour) moh lenii, farefta k. 
Captivated, pa'e-band, girifta, 1700. 
Captivating, mohan : — themind, manuhar. 
Captive, asir, giriftar, kaidi, 366, 315. 
To become a Captive, band men parnii. 
Captivity, aslil, giriftarl, band, kaid. 
Capture, pakar, giriftarl, taskhir. 
To Capture, pakarna, kaid *., asir k. 
Caput mortuum of tobacco, gul. 
Car, gari, bahal, rath, chhakra : celestial—^ 

or chariot of the gods, biman, 2146. 
Carabine, Carbine, karabin, damanak. 
Carat, {weight) kTrat. 
Caravan, kafila, karwan, {dakh.) tola : 
chi^ of a — , sfiirir-i-krifila : person of a 
— , kiirwanl. 



CAR 

Caravansary, karwan-sara, sara, Bara'e. 

Caraway, ajmiid, ajmoda. 

CARBONCLE,(jrf»!)shab-chiragli,(«ore)i595. 

Carcass, jifa, lash, ISsha, loth, murda. 

Card, warak : — maker, ganjifa-saz. 

To Card, dhunna, dhunakna, tumna : to 
draw a — , tip lena : drawing a — , tii) ; 
term in — playing, gobhi. 

Cardamoms, ilacht, ila'echi, kakula. 

Carder, {of cotton) dhuniya, liallaj, 458. 

Cardiack, mukauwi-i-dil. 

Cardinal, barS, auwal, sadr, mukaddam. 

number, adad mutlak, 1449. 

Carding, {price of) tuma'i. 

Cardiospermum halicacabtim, kottau. 

Cards, tas : game at — , tas, ganjifa, chak- 
ma : name of a play at — , sesar : pack of 
— , ganjifa : revoke at — , sokht : to beat 
at — , harana : to cut the — , warak ta- 
rashua. 

Care, {anxiety) soch, chinta, parwii, an- 
desha, fikr, {caution) ihtiyat, khabardari. 
978, {keeping) dasht, rakhwall, hifazat, 
{regard) mura'at, {inspection) ihtimam, 
{charge) hawala : — of the sick, tlmar : 
free from — , na-parwa : have a — , kha- 
bar-dar, po'is : in the — , hawale : take 
— , pesh nigah, ta, zinhar, hushyar : to 
take — , klabar-dar h., nigah rakhna : to 
take — of, hirilsat A., khabar lena, 1145, 
1177, 1266, 1363: taking — , {snbst.) 
^abar-dari, 1733, 2183: taking — of, 
nigahbani, ri'ajat, pas, mura'at. 

Not Cared /or, mutabazzU. 

Career, daur. 

CAREFUL,*k}iabar-dar, suchet, hoshyar, 766. 

Carefulness, khabardari. jatan. 1077. 

Careless, {free from care) nichint, be- 
-parwa, 118, {inattentive) ghafil, sust, be- 
-kLabar, 669, 432, 1 765, 47 : — child or 
person, nihang-liirla : to be very — , 1540. 

Carelessness, ghaflat, ghafili, be-khabari. 
be-parwa'i, 675, 66g, 1771, 2047, 1358. 

Caress. Caresses, liir, nawazish, piyar. 

To Caress, piyar k., nawazish *., 689, 
1604, 2159: — as birds by joining the 
bills, choga badalna, 1 02 1 . 

Careya arborea, pilu. 

Cargo, bharti, khep, bar, bojha'i, {Roeb.). 

Cakic\ papaya, papaiya, papo'i, 478. 

Caries, sarahat, bosidagi. 

Carious, ramim, saril, bosida. 

Carissa carandas, karonda. 

spinarum, {fruit of) chhota karonda. 

Carnage, khiin-rezi, mukatala, katl. 

Carnal, nafsani, jismani, shahwati, 1408. 

Carnality, nafsaniyat. 

Carnation colour, gulnari rang. 

Carnelion, akik, akik-i-jigari, 2222. 

Carnival, te'ohar, id, parab, utsav. 



CAR 

Carnivorocs, mas-adhari, lahira. 

Carol, sarod, naghma, git, gan. 
To Carol, chuhal *. 

Carousal, inai-kashi, shadi, sharab-khori. 

Carousing, naw-nosh, nosh-a-nosh. 

Carp, darhi : to — , aib-giri k. 

Carpenter, barha'i, najjar, sutar, 1039. 

{dakh. insect so called) ghu'a. 

Carpenter's wife, barhan. 

Carpentry, darod-gari, najjari. 

Carper, takrari, aib-jo, 2076, 954. 

Carpet, Carpeting, farsh, bistar, bichh- 
auna, ghali : — for cleaning the feet on, 
pa-andaz : — spread to walk on, panwra: 
— to sit on at prayer, asan, musalla, saj- 
jada, 762 : — spreader, farrasli : — 
weaver, shatranji-baf : cloth spread over 
a — , chandui, jazam, jajam : cloth or — 
spread under a hulcka, 1695, 1222 : 
small — , nihali : to be on the — , dar 
pesh h. Carpets, furiish. 

Carriage, {vehicle) gari, bahan, araba, 
chhakra, {means of conveyance) bar-bar- 
dari, {behaviour) charitr, chalan, chal, 
chal-dhal, waz' : four-tvheeled — , rath, 
ghur-bahal : smallish sort of — on two 
wheels, manjholi : part of a — , 681. 

Carried, 1878 : to be — on, sarna. 

Carrier, {porter) liaramal, bar-bardar, 
bfir-kash, mazdfir, arinda. 

Carrion, murdiir, loth, lash. 

Carrot, gajar, zardak : hard pari in the 
centre of a — , &;c., haddi: leaf of the — , 
gajra : dish of boiled — , gajar-bhatt. 

To Carry, lejana, dhona, uthana : — a 
dead body, kandha dena : — away quickly, 
hathoii hath lejana : — into effect, kam 
nikalna, baja laua, sama, nibahna : — 
off, par k., le bhagna : {destroy) mama, 
halak k.: — on business, kam nikalna : — 
to account, bar-awurd k. 

Carrying, {part, in compos.) kash : act of 
— , dhula'l : — figures in arithmetic, ta- 
kassur : price paid for — , dhula'i. 

Cart, gari, araba, araba, chhakra, rahkala, 
larba : small — , larhi, majheli : part of 
a — , gaja. Cartel, fida. 

Carter, gari-wan, gari-ban, arabchi. 

Carthamus tinctorius, usfiir. 

Cartilage, kurri, ghuzriif, 1639. 

CARTiLAGiNousjuart ofthenosB, khaishum. 

Cartouch-eox, tosh-dan, dibbi. 

Cartridge, totii, tontii, kartiis, {dakh.) 

. tuta : light — , julusi tonta. 

Cartwright, barha'i, 329, sutar, darod- 
gar : cast employed as — , khati. 

To Carve, khodna, kanda k., kat' k. 

Carved, muntakish, munakkash, kanda. 

Carver, kanda-kar, nakkash, sang-tarash : 
— of idols, but-tarash. 



CAS 



2263 



Carving, naksh, nakkashi, sang-tarashi. 

Caryota urens {dakh.) mari. 

Carvopiiyllus aromatiais, laung, long. 

Cascade, jharna, chadar, abshar. 

Case, {covering) ghilaf, khol, niyam, lifafa, 
ganj, khol, {condition) hal, Ijalat, §iirat, 
Ijakikat, {box) peti, §andiik, dibba, {in 
grammar) halat, karak : — for needles, 
chhonchhi : — barbers, surgeons, Hfc, 
keep their tools in, kisbat : statement of a 

— laid before a judge, Sfc, mahzar : in — , 
aliyanan, dar siirat, dar sirate-ki : in that 
— , tada, tau-hi, tau-lag : to — , morhna. 

Casement, khirki, jharokha. 

Cash, nakd, paisa, rok, rokar, zar-i-nakd. 

Paid, ifc, in Cash, nakdi. 

Cashew-nut, kaju. 

To Cashier, bar-taraf i., nikal d. 

Cashier, Cash-keeper, tahwil-dar, ro- 
kariya, fota-dar, khazan-chi. 

Cashmerian, kashmiri. Cask, pipa. 

Casket, sandiikcha, durj, batta, dibba. 

Cassia alata, dad-mardan : — auriculata, 
tarwar: — fistula, amaltas: — obtusifolia, 
panwar : — senna, Sana : — sophera, ka- 
saundi : — tora, chakaunda, chakonr : 
woody — , taj : leaf of the laurus — , tej- 
-pat, tezpat. 

Cast, {throw, q. v.) phenk : — of the dice, 
danw : — of the eye, ghamza : having a 

— of the eye, ahwal, bhenga, tera, dhera: 

— dotvn, fikanda : {in a mould) kalibi, 
{metal) dhalwan, {tribe, q. v.) kumba, 
kutum, kutumb, zat, kaum, kul : a — 
of Rajputs, chauhan, kachhwaha : a man 
who has lost his — , ajati, kujat : of bad 
— , kujat: of low — , kam-zat. 

To Cast, dalna, jhonkna, girana, phenkna, 
{dakh.) dalna, bhirkana, sat (/., satana : 

— down, gira d. : {metal) dhalna : — un- 
kind looks, tirchhi ankh k. : — up, {add; 
jor d., jorna, mizan d., {vomit) kai k., 
chhandna. 

To be Cast, {lose) bilzi khana, {thrown 
down) dalna, {thrown) phinkna, {melted) 
dhalna. 

To deprive another o/Cast, 1143. 

Castanets, 745. Caster, (m eo»!p.)andaz. 

To Castigate, saza d., tarnai., tambih i. 

Castigation, tadib, tambih, tarna, saza. 

Castle, kal'a, garh, gadh, kot, Ijisn, {small) 
garhi : — at chess, rukh : — builder, 
khayal-parast : to build Castles in the 
air, khayal-pula'o pakana, 1782. 

Cast-ofp clothes, utara, utaran, utiran. 

Castor, {animal) iid-bila'o ki ek kism. 

Castor-oil, rendi kii tel. 

{tree) arand, rand, rendi. 

To Castrate, khasi *., {men) khoja *., {a 
horse) 5khta *., {a bull) badhiyS k. 



2264 



CAU 



Castrated, (animal) khasl, akhta, 305. 

Cascax, arizi, ittifaki. 

Casually, ittifakan, anchit, daibi. 

Casualty, ittifuk, waridat, ariza. 

list of horses dead, 1293. 

Cat, (he) bila'o, billa, billar, manjar, gurba, 
(she) biUI, bila'i, hirra, gurba : tvhite — , 
bho'i : wild — , ban-bila'o, jangli billl : 
to let the — out of the bag, handa phorna. 

CATALOGrE, ism-nawisi, bijak, fardi, 624. 

Catamite, gandu, babesiya, adati, kunl. 

Cataplasm, zamad, tikor, (dakh.) pattT. 

Cataract, ab-shar, jharna, chadar. 

(disease) jala, sabal, nuzul, 584. 

Catarrh, zukam, nazla, hawa-zadagT, sardi. 

Catastrophe, akibat, anjam, afat, bala. 

Catch, pakar, girift, (hook) ankri. 

To Catch, (seize) pakarna, 1652, dar-girift 
*•! 354. (osprey) shikari., 1652, (a ball, 
i,-c.) otna, (as a disorder, v. n.) langban 
parna, (fire) ag lagna, jahia, sulagna. 

Catcher, (hunter) shikari, (in comp.) gir. 

Catching, (infectious) sari. 

Catchword, Uiarija, 971. Catechu, kath. 

Catechism, su'al-nama (?). 

Categorical, be-laga'o, sidha, saf, kat'i. 

Category, padarth, nau', darja, kism (?). 

To Cater, khane ka saranjara k. 

Caterer, khane ka saranjam karne-walfi. 

Caterpillar, bhS'a, jhanjha, kira, 1611. 

Catgut, tant, roda. 

Cathartick, mus'hil, jullab! (?). 

Cathedral, jami", masjid-i-jami'. 

Catherine-wheels, charkhl. 

Cat's-eyed, arzak-chashm. 

Cattle, mawashi, dawabb, dhor, sutur. 

Cavalcade, sawari, jilau, kor, hashmat. 

Catalier, sawar, sawar-kar, bhal-gboriya, 
faris, 650, (in fortification) damdama, 
gargaj, (adj.) see Haughty. 

Cavalierly, ghuriir se, takabbur se. 

Cavalry, aswar, khail, turk-sawar, 1336. 

Caucasus, kaf. 

Caudle, achhwani, panjiri, harira, 933, 51. 

Cave, Cavern, ghar, kahf, gupha, dahak, 
khoh, khop, 1618, 1663, 420. 

Cavesson, kapari, nakel, piizi-patta (?). 

To be Caught, phasna, phansna, 1248. 

Cavil, takrar, harf-glri, aib-jo'i, 2076. 

To Cavil, takrar i., nukta-chini *., 823. 

Caviller, hujjati, takrari, liarf-gir, 1002. 

Cavity, garha, pet, jauf, khol : — formed 
by putting the two hands together, aiijla : 
— in which grain is kept, khatta. 

Caul, jhilll, jali, charbl ki jhilli. 

Cauliflower, phiil-kobi, gul-lahana. 

Causal verb'; fi'l-i-muta'addl. 

Cause, sabab, karan, miijib, illat, jihat, 
ba'is, arth, takrib, 2084 : efficient — , '1- 
lat-i-fa'ill :/na/— , lUat-i-ghi'i : /r.v< -, 



CEM 

musabbib -.formal — , illat-i-siiri : material 

— , illat-i-maddi : (suit in law) mu'amala, 

mukaddama : without a — , akasmat. 
To Cause, kama, dena, dahia, barpa *., 

uthana, maohana, karana, paida A., ijadi. 
Causeless, be-sabab, be-miijib. 
Causelessly, yinhm : see Causeless. 
Causer, musabbib, miijid, bani. 

of causes, musabbibu-l-asbab. 

Causes, asbab, usiil. 

Causey, Causeway, kbaranja. 

Caustick, (adj.) tez, hadd, (snbsi.) mina : 

lunar — , (dakh.) kori-khar, 1633. 
Cauterization, (dakh.) charkii (?). 
To Cauterize, dagh d., daghna, gul d. 
Cauterized, dagh : to be — , dagh h., gul 

khana : to Cauterize one's self, gul 

khana, 1709. 
Caution, khabar-dari, bazar, cbaukasa'i, 

hoshyarl, surt, 60, 529, 766, 1224, 1240. 
To Caution, Khabardar *., jatana, hush- 

yar k., agah k., chitana. 
Cautious, khabar-dar, chaukas, hoshyar, 

suchet, savadhan, chaukanna, hushyar. 
Cautiously, ibtiyatan, savadhan. 
Cautiousness, ihtiyat, hoshyarl, savadhanl. 
Cayenne pepper, gachh mirch. 
Tb Cease, hath uthana, dast-bardar A., baz 

rahna, thamna, 650, (as the wind) par J. 
Ceaseless, da'im, mudaml. 
Ceasing/tojh labour on finishing, 14B1. 
Cedar, sanaubar ki ek bari kism. 
To Cede, taSlim k., hawalei., de diilna. 
Cedrela toona, tunn, tun. 
To Ceil, chhat ko andar se banana, 921. 
Ceiling, sakf, bhitrl taraf ki chhat. 
Celastrus, (*/«^<ree) malkangni. • 
To Celebrate, sarahna, ta'rif k. : — a 

marriage, byah rachilna. 
Celebrated, mash'hur, mamdijli, jasi, na- 

mi, namwar, namdar, ma'riif, mausiif : 

most — , ash'har : to be — , nami A. .- to 

become — , nam nikalna. 
Celebration, (praise) ta'rif, sita'ish, tau- 

sif, astut, (festivity) shadi, !d, Wjushi. 
Celebrity, namwari, jas, shuhrat, 2036. 
Celerity, jaldi, chalaki, beg, 840, 1244. 
Celestial, asmani, ulwi, swargi, samawl, 

1498, 405 : — chorister or musician, gan- 

dharb : — globe, sphere, or orb, asman, 

falak (plur. afliik), sipahr. 
Celibacy, tajarrud, kii'ar-pana, mujarradi : 

one devoted to — , langotfi. 
Cell, hujra, gosha, kulba, marhi, kunj. 
Cellar, tali-khana, bhonghara. 
Cellular, khana-khana. 
Celosia cristata, taj-i-kharos, jata, jat. 
Celsia, kukronda. 
Cement, tarklb, (mortar) gach, 236, 1710, 

(y/Me)saresh, (;;a«<e)ahar: «ceCoNNEXioN. 



CHA 

To Cement, jorna, milana, wasl k. 

Cemetery, samshan, masan, makbara. 

Censer, lakhlakha. dhjip-dani, 1852, 1790. 

Censor, muhtasib. 

Censorious, harf-gir, aib-jo, nindak. 

Censoriousness, harf-giri, aib-jo'i, 2087. 

Censure, ta'n. ta'na-zam, ilzam, apabad, 
ninda : unjust — , Um, tuhmat, ittihiim. 

To Censure, malamat A., ilzarad., dokhna. 

Censurer, ta'na-zan, shaki. 

Per Cent, saikra, fi sad, 491. 

Centaury, aziz. 

Centipede, kankhajiira, gojar. 

Central, Centric, wasat, darmiyani. 

Centre, markaz, madar, majhar, 991. 

Centry, pas-ban, pahrii, chauki-dar. 

Centuple, sau-guna. Century, sad-i. 

Cephalick mukauwi-i-dimagh. 

vein in the arm, sar-i-ru. 

Cerate, marham, mom-raughan. 

Cerecloth, mom-jama. 

Ceremonial, Ceremonious, laukik. 

Ceremonies, adab, takaUufat-i-majUs : 
constant or daily — of religion, nitya- 
-karma, nitya-ki-iya : master of the — , 

Ceremonious, takalluf-mizaj : — attention, 
takallufiit -i - rasmi. 

To be Ceremonious, takalluf A. 

Ceremony, takalluf, chalau, sishtachar, ta- 
maUuk, 176 : — in adoration of the gods, 
83 : — observed when the sun enters Aries, 
rfiarkh-piija : — preparative to marriage, 
jehar, 839 : — when a dead body is bum- 
>»!/• 1550 : a religious — , 1591, 1614: 
waving — , takalluf-bar-taraf : Without — , 
be-takalluf. 

Ceres, lachhmi, lakshmi, sri. 

Certain, yakini, sachcha, nirnai, nischai, 
mukarrar, sahih, 1908 : — knowledge, 
iImu-1-yakin : — one or person, ko'i, fa- 
lan, falana, ba'ze : knowingfor—, muhikk. 

Certainly, albatta, mukarrar, yakinan, 
kyiin nahin, aur kya, 226, 999, 843. 

Certainty, yakin, nischai, tayakkun. 

Certhia ttda, (name of a bird) phudki. 

Certificate, sanad, dast-awez, wasika. 

Certified, muhakkak, mu'aiyan. 

Cerulean, asmani, azrak, nil-gun, 1549. 

Ceruse, sufaida, safeda. 

Cervus elephas, barah-singa. 

porcinus, parhii. 

Cess, khiraj. biij, mahsul, bihri (.'). 

To Cess, khiraj lagana, dami laganii. 

f^EssATioN, faraghat, tawakkuf, chhutti. 

Cession, taslim, tafwiz. 

To Chafe, (rub) chhilna, ghisna, (fret) 
clihirna, chherna. 

Chaff, bhus, bhusi, sabiis, phiisi, biir, 918. 

or straw with grain for cattle, saiii. 



CHA 

Chafing-dish, angethi, atash-dfin, mankal. 

Chagrin, kasawat, khafagi, jhanjh. 

To Chagrin, satana, kurhana, barham k. 

Chagrined, na-khush, ranjida, muztarib. 

Chain, zanjir, sankar, sankrT, silsila, {for 
fastening a door) zulfi, (fastened to 
homes' legs) pawa'I, (for the feet nf ele- 
phants) andu, {for the neck) tauk : — or 
iron catch to fasten a door, kundi. 

Chained, zanjirl, zanjir-band, basta. 

Chains, salasil : in — , pa-ba-zanjir, zan- 
jln, mukaiyad : iron — on a culprit's 
legs, pawa'i, paikarha. 

Chain-shot, zanjirl gola. 

Chair, kursi, pirhi, chaukT, macbiya, san- 
dall : sedan — , palki, chaupala, 89H, bo- 
cha, miyana, 1999, 2036, 894, 1298 : — 
of state, masnad, manja. 

Chairman, {bearer) bho'I, mahra, kahar, 
{president) mir-i-majlis, pramaaik. 

Chaise, garl,ghur-bahal, {one-horse) yakka. 

Chalice, piyala, jam, tas, saghar, kasa. 

Chalk, kharl mitti, chhu'I, {for writing) 
kathinl. 

Challenge, lalkar: to — , lalkarna, 734. 

Chamber, kothrl, kbana, hujra, kamara, 
{court) kachahri : — of a gun, khizana : 

— of a puerperal woman, so'ar : orna- 
mented — where the bride sits, bajla. 

Chamberlain, bajib, liajjab, {bed-maker) 
farrash. 

Chameleon, girgit,bukalamun,liii-ba,sarat. 

Chamois, buz-kohi, paharl bakri. 

Chamomile, babuna. 

To Cham^, chabana, chabna. 

Champaign, maidan,musattal.i, {dakh.) des. 

Champion, pahlawan, bahadur,"jodha, 797. 

Chance, {accident) ittifak, sanjog, {luck) 
nasib, bakbt-bazi : by — •, ittifakan, kazara. 

To Chance, an parna, a jana, wilki' h. 

Chancellor, sadr-i-sudur, kazi'u-1-kuzat. 

Chancellorship, sadarat. 

Chancery, sadr adalat. 

Chancre, tanki, chat. 

Chandelier, jbar, kandll. 

Chandler, sbara"-saz. 

Change, tabdil, tabaddul, inkilab, 670, {of 
watches) badli, {suit of clothes) jora, 
dast ; — of diet, chitr-bhojan : — of the 
moon, amawas, 635 : {small money) rezgi, 
rauradi : — for the better, ni'ma-1-badal. 

To Change, (».«.) tabdil A., badalj.,phir- 
na, palatna, {v. a.) badalna, tabdil k., 
phirana : — as the moon, cband chhipiina: 

— condition, hawa phirni : {money) bhu- 
nana, torna, khurda k., turana : — one's 
attitude in sword playing, dhaj palatna. 

Changeable, {fickle) mutalauwin, ochba, 
{inconstant) be-sabat : person of a — dis- 
position, 1748. 



CHA. 

Changeableness, {fickleness) talauwun, 
{inconstancy) be-sabati. 

Changed, mubaddal, mutaghaiyir, mughai- 
yar, digar-gun, bargashta, masruf. 

To be entirely Changed, kuchh ka kuchh h. 

Changer, {of money) sarraf, khurdiya. 

Changing, {subst.) tasrif, sarf, maskh : — 
one weak letter for another, ta'lil, 6b'8 ; 
price paid for — coin, torwa'I. 

Channel, wadi, nala, sota, {gutter)mu\vn, 
badar-rau, {medium) wasatat : — through 
which fields are watered, sira : 7nid — , 
majb-dhar, manjb-dhar. 

Chant, git, sarod, nagbma, gan. 

To Chant, giina, git gana, sarod k. 

Poetry Chanted at a funeral, 1993. 

Person who Chants at a funeral, 1993. 

Chap, darar, shigaf, 372, 869 : see Jaw. 

7'oCHAP,(j).a.)tarkana,pharna,darkaiia{.'). 

Chapel, tasbih-khana, ma'bid, dewal. 

Chaplain, tasbili-khwan, pesh-namaz (?). 

Chaplet, {garland) sihra, bar, {rosary) 
tasbih, mala. 

Chapman, gahak, kharidar, klnwaiya. 

Chapter, bab, fasl, adhyaya : — of the 
kur'an, siirat, siira : first — of the kur'an, 
fatiba. Chapters, abwab. 

To Ca\^ the match of a gun, 1708. 

Chara, {name of a plant) kast. 

Character, {letter) achchhar, ank, harf, 
rakam, {reputation) abru, burmat, nam, 
bharam, {quality) kaifiyat, mahiyat, {per- 
sonage) shakbs. {disposition) kbo, khaslat. 
{recommendation) sifarisb : good — , nek- 
-nami : of good — , nek-nam : to lose one's 
— , hurmat d., bharam gauwana, 387 : to 
take away — , abrii leni. 

Charcoal, ko'ela, zughal, kolsa, 1636: 
balls of — for the liukka, tikiya, gul. 

Charge, {trust, core) hawala, zimma, ama- 
nat, supurd, {expense, cos<) masraf, kharch. 
lagat, sarf, {attack) hamla, charha'I, wah- 
la, {command) hukm, amr, aggya, {exhor- 
tation) talkin, nasihat, {load, burden) 
bojb, bharti, haml, {accusation) da'wa, 
ulahna, tuhmat, {office) uhda, kam, kliid- 
mat : — of a gun, bar (?) : in the — , 
tal.iwil, hawale : receiving in — , {adj.) 
mutasallim : what is given in — , hawiilat, 
amanat, dharohar. 

To Charge, {load) bharna, ladnil, thasna, 
{intrust) amanat rakhna, amin k., su- 
purd k., ta'mat k., {impute) lagana, thah- 
rana, nisbat k., {attack) hamla k., {com- 
mand) faimana, kabna, hukm k., {give in 
— to a watch or guard) pahre men dalna. 

To be given in Charge to a watch. Sec. 577. 

To take in Charge, rakh lena. 
Charged, pur. 
Charger, {dish) tasht, kab. 
7 K 



Chariot, rath, gap, araba, ghur-bahal. 

Charioteer, rathban, sarathi, gariban, siit. 

Charitable, data, punyatma, mukhaiyir, 
{kind) dayawant, bhala, nek, khub. 

Charity, dan, dan-pun, khairat, bhikh, 
bhur, {kindness) dard, kirpa, shafakat : 
money for — , bela, behla. 

Charles'sWain, saptrikh, palang tin chor. 

Charm, {amulet) ta'wiz, totka, ta'it, hirz, 
{sorcery) jadu, mantar, jantar, sibr, {al- 
lurement) mob, haw-bhaw, dil-ruba'i : 

— against venom, gadaru. 

To Charm, {by magic, Sfc.) taViz bandb- 
na, mantar phiinkna, 754, {to fascinate) 
moh lena, mohna, lubhana, 1802: — a 
snake to prevent his biting, kllna. 

Charmed, mohit, farefta. 

Charmer, (eneAan/er)jadu-gar, tonha,(</e- 
lighter) dil-ruba, dil-bar, piyara. 

Charming, dil-kusha, dil-chasp, dil-ruba, 
mohna, manuhar, mallh, 1955,1356,1003. 

Chart, naksha, khaka. 

Charter, ahd-nama, sanad, 68g. 

Chase, {hunting or what is hunted) shikar, 
aher, said, {pursuit) raged, akhet, khader, 
{place for hunting) ramna, shikar-gah : 

— ofagun,v.?iX: of the — , akheti, shi- 
kari : beast or bird of — that always 
catches its game, kam-gar. 

Tb Chase, khedna,ragedna, herna,pichhaX-. 
Chasm, shigaf, kandar, darar, 1042. 
Chaste, piikdaman, pakiza, saliha, parsfi, 

sati, patibrata, tahir, asima, afifa. 
To Chasten, Chastise, saza d., siyasat k., 

tambih k., sasna, tarna k., nasihat k. 
Chastisement, tadib, saza, ukiibat, b'br. 
Chastity, Chastness, ismat, parsii'i, 

pakdamani, iffat, pakizagi, paki, patibrat. 
Ghastly-, pakizagi se. 
Chat, bak, gap. To Chat, bakna. 
Chattels, ehlz-bast, amwal,asbab, mata" : 

goods and ■ — ■, mal mata*. 
To Chatter, bakna, jhakna, charbar bol- 

na, chen cheh k., 343, 728, 1211, {as a 

monkey) kilkilana, {the teeth) digdigana, 

kichkichana : — nonsense, barbarana. 
Chatterer, barbariya, bakwaha, 583, 870. 
Chattering, (™is;.) tartar, barrahat,zatal, 

charchar, satall, harza-dara'I. 
Chatty-, biitiini, khush-gap. 
To Chaw : see To Chew. 
Cheap, sasta, arzan, manda, halka, 1593. 
Cheapness, sasta'I, arzani, kam-kimati. 
Cheat, {fraud) dagha, fareb, bhulawa, tal- 

bls, thagorl, makr, jul, (cheater) dagha- 

biiz, thag, makkar, farebi, dhaturiya. 
To Cheat, fareb d., dagha d., daghabazi k., 

thagna, chhalna, 277, 1809, 1995, 1027. 
To be Cheated, bazi khana, thagana. 
Cheater, thagiya : see tmder Cheat, 



'•266 



CHI 



Cheating, (to Ji<.)dag]iabazT, makkarl.tha- 
ga'T, Jul, dhandhal. 

Check, {stop) zabt, zak, rok, (at c/iess) 
shah, kisht, (on a tanker) pat, tip. 

To Check, (repress, stop) dabana, sambhal- 
na, atkiina, tikanii, (chide) datna, jhirka- 
na, (at chess) kisht d., (an account) 
mutabik i. 

Checkered, ehitr-bichitr, rang-a-rang (?). 

Checkmate, shah-mat, mat. 

Cheek, nikh, gal, ruUisar, 979, 1552, 1449. 

Cheer, (joUitt/) chuhal, chahal pahal, aish, 
(food) bhojan, mihmani, (shout) khushi 
ki pukar. To Cheer, hulsana, dharas d. 

Cheerful, khush-dil, khusb o khurram, 
khush, khanda-ru, tar o taza, 504, 935- 

Cheerfully, khiishl khijshT, khushi 86,334. 

Cheerfulness, khurrami, khush-dili, bah- 
jat, khanda-ru'i, sariir, tarab, 1901, 1944. 

Cheerless, na-shad, udas, an-mana, siina. 

Cheese, panir : round of a — , chakti. 

Cheesy, paniri, panir-sa. 

Chexopodicm album, bathQ'a. 

Chequered, char-khana. 

To Cherish, pfdna, parwarish k., nawazna. 

Cherisher, pratipalak, murabbi, (in com- 
pos.) parwar, nawaz : — of servants or de- 
pendents, banda-nawaz : — of subjects, 
ra'aiyat-nawaz : — of the poor, gharlb- 
-parwar. 

Cherishing, (subst.) palan, (part.)iOQi. 

Cheroot, (dakh.) cbutta. 

Cherry, shah-alu. 

Cherub, karrubi, kariibi. 

Chesnut, (tree) shah-ballut, (colour of a 
horse) samand : — coloured, surang : Indian 
rose — , nagesar. 

Chess, shatranj : — board, bisat : — mati, 
got, muhra, nard : — player, shatranj - 
-baz, shatir : bishop at — , pil : castle at 
— , nikli : king at — , shah : knight at — , 
faras, ghora, asp : pawn at — , piyada, 
baidak : queen at — , farzi, farzin : in- 
ventor of — , lajlaj : terms used at — , 
1407, 1407, 1489 : to beat at — , mat k. 

Chest, sandQk, kothi, (of the body) peti. 

To be Chest-foundered, chhatT-bharj. 

Chevalier, bahadur, sawar, shahsawar (?). 

To Chew, chabna, chabanfi, chikalna, 878, 
(ivith a cracking noise) 865, (straw, &i-c., 
for amusement) tiingna, (the end) pfigur- 
ana, pagurana, jiigalna. 

Act o/'Chewing the cud, pagur. 

Chicane, Chicanery, hila-sazi, tfdmatol, 
283,dliandhal, 10B7, chakar-makar, 1B08. 

Chick, Chicken, chfiza, murgh ki bacha. 

pea, bat, chana, 2204. 

To CniDE, (v. n.) chirchirana, jhirkfina, 
(v. a.) diitna, gburaknii, dabkanu, dad- 
lana, dagadhnn, dutan.n, 1099. 



CHI 

Chiding, (subst.) dhamka, ta*n, jhirjhirat. 

Chief, (adj.) agla, param, uttam, bara, 
sadr, (subst.) sardar, mukaddam, thakur, 
shaikh, imam, sarhang, sar-guroh, saliir, 
ra'is, ra'e, wall, patel, mir, nayak : — 
clerk, sar-daftar, 1286 : — judge, sadr-i- 
sudur : — treasurer, ra'e rayan. 

Chiefly, glialiban, aksar, khusOsan, 

Chiefship, sardari, thakura'i, sarwari. 

Chieftain, sardar, shaikh, mukaddam. 

Chilblain, biwa'i, 372. 

Child, (bog) larka, (girl) larki, ball, bach 
cha, bacha, bal, balak, tifl, pisar, farzand 
kodak, 935, 1624, 926 : — of a slave 
khana-zad : first feeding of a — , namak 
chashi (2085) : a good — , farzand-i-ra 
shid : little —, tiflak : single — , (without 
brother or sister) yak-lauta : spoiled — , 
naz-parwarda : state or condition of a — , 
farzandi : with — , garbhini. 

Childbirth, nafas, wiladat, (dakh.) jachki: 
forty days of a woman after —, nafas : 
to feel the pains of — , dard lagnii. 

Childhood, larakpan, bachpan, bachchagi, 
balakpan, balapan, tifli, 922, 1002, 1436. 

Childish, tiflana, chaba'ola, chibillii. 

Childishness, chibillapan, larak-buddhi. 

Childless, la-walad, nipiita, 205 1 , 430, 20. 

Childlessness, be-auladi. 

Children, atHil, aulad, bal-bachche, san- 
tan, al, lyfil, larka-larki, kachbach, 2134. 

Chill, Chilly, thanda, sard, khunuk. 

To Chill, thithirana. To be Chill, 737. 

Chillness, Chilliness, thithir, 737, sTt. 

Chime, tal, 1098, (of bells) ghanton ki 
tiUmel (?). 

To Chime, (beat time) tal d., (to agree) 
banna, milna, lagna, muwalik h., mau- 
zun h. 

Chimera, khayfd, wahm, kham kliayal. 

Chimerical, khayall, wahmi. 

Chimes, rung at each watch, &,-c., gajar. 

Chimney, dhunwara, atash-kada. 

Chin, thuddi, thorhi, zanakh, zanakh-dan. 
849 : double — , ghab-ghab : pit in the 
— , zanakh-dan, 1468. 

China, chin : belonging to or produced in 
— , chinl : emperor of — , faghfur : — 
root, chob-chini. 

Chincough, (dakh.) khang, khansi (.'). 

Chink, tarakh, tarak, rakhna, darar, darz. 

To Chink, jhanaknS, (dakh.) than than k. 

Chints or Chintz, chbit, (s])ot) chhint. 

Chip, tarasha, chhantan, tukrfi, reza. 

Chips, khashak, shosha, kfit-kut, chaklfi (.'). 

CiiiROGRAPHY, khatt. dast-khatt. 

Chiromancer, samudrikT, samudrikT. 

Chiromancy, samudrik, samudrik. 

Chironjia sapida, piyal, chironjT. 

Chirp, Chirping, (dakh.) chun dnin. 



CIC 

To Chirp, churagna, chen chei'i k., 867. 

Chirurgery, jarrahi. 

Chisel, tanki, chhe'oni, rukhani, 2100. 

Chit, chitthi, y. v. 

Chitchat, bat-chit, guft-gii, boll-tholi. 

Choice, ikhtiyar, pasand, basnii, chah, in- 
tikhab, khushi, rijh : a — , bar : (adj.) pa- 
sandida, tuhfa, chokha, nadir, left to free 
— , mukhaiyir : to make — of, kabidna. 

Choiceness, nafasat, nadiri, tuhfagi. 

To Choke, (throttle) gal d., gala phansna, 
gala ghontna, (block up) band k., (sup- 
press) dabana. 

Choler, taish, ghazab, (bile) pit, zahra. 

Cholera morbus, haiza, uparwa'i-tarwa'i. 

Cholerick, ghussa-war. krodhi, garm. 

To Choose, chahna, chunna, 255, 537, 918. 

Chooser, rawa-dar. 

Choosing, (in compos.) guzln. 

Chop, (piece of flesh) tikka, bhastikkfi. 
(jaw) jabha, jabhra, kalla. 

To Chop, katna, ek chot se katna, kalam *., 
(exchange) mu'awaza k. , adUi badla k. 

Chopping-knife, bughda (dakh.) 1226. 

Chops, kalla, jabhre, muiih. 

Chord, tar, (in geometry, dakh.) likhir. 

Celestial Chorister, gandharb, 1620. 

Chorus, upaj, jawabi. 

Chosen, barguzida, mukhtar. 1968, 537. 

Choultry, chawri, mandaf. 

Christ, masib, masiha. 

Christian, isawi, nasrani, tarsa, 2065. 

Christianity, nasraniyat. 

The becoming a Christian, tanassur. 

Christ-like, masTIiii'i, masihi. 

Chronical, Chronic, muzmin. 

Chronicle, tawarTkh, akhbar, waka'i'. 

Chronicler, mu'arrikh, rani. 

Chronogram, tarikh, ta'raiya, G68. 

Chronologer, Chronologist, mu'arrikh. 

Chronology, lUn-i-tawarikh. 

Chrysa.nthemum indicum, gul-i-da'udi. 

Silkworm in the Chrysalis stats, badama. 

Chrysolite, zabarjad. 

Chubby, gal-phula, gulguchna. 

To Chuck into the mouth, 574, ;fi^. 

To Chuckle, baghal bajana, haiisna. 

Chum, ham-khana, bha'i, rafik. 

Church, girja, kalisa, kunisht, dair. 

Churl, ganwar, (dakh.) hendra, Iihirali'i, 
(?«!>«•) baVhil, shuni, kirpan. 

Churlish, anrl,l.Tln, ^u>nt>1.. ,l;.Imne. 

Churn, maili.'MMi. n i\,iiii, ,i,jii, iIj:)i. 

CiIURN-STAFI'. !:.'j, li, illih i. 

Corrf /0M>//ir///(cCin KN-sTAKF, ncti, 2iuj. 
To Churn, mathnii, bilona, mahna, gaujua. 
Churning, mathan. 
Chymist, kimiya-gar, rasayani. 
Chymistry, kimiyagari, rasayan, ikslr. 
Cicatrix, dSgh, zakhm ka nishiin. 



CIR 

To Cicatrize, (u.a.) zakhm par gosht lana. 

Ctcca dislicha, harpharewrl, harfale'iirl. 

CiCER arietinum, but, bunt, chana, patril, 
rahla, nukhud : — lens, masur. 

CiCHORiuM endivia, kasnl, hindba. 

CiMiTER, sliamsher, tegh, nimcha, sarohi. 

CiN.EDUs, giindu. 

Cincture, band, bandhan, du'iill (?). 

Cinder, angara, ko'ela (?). 

Cinnabar, isrinj, dardar, shangarf. 

Cinnamon, dar-chlnl, {dak/i.) dal-chini. 

CiNauE-FOiL, panj-angusht. 

CiON, paiwand, konpal, karil, kail. 

Cipher, sifr, sunna, sunya, {figure, nu- 
meral) rakam, ank, nam ka pahla )iaif. 

Circle, da'ira, lialka, ghera, kundal, (as- 
sembly) jama'al, [round the moon) hfda, 
{dakh.) klialla, [stained by women on 
their hands and feet) chanar. 

To Circle, ghernfi, ghumna, 387, gii-dA.(?). 

Circuit, glier, gird, pheril, gliera, ihata, 
daur : going the — , [judges, c^c.) da'ir o 
sa'ir : making the — of any thing, ta'if, 
1438: to make a — as birds, mandlana. 

Circular, mudauwar, chakrakar, glierdar, 
chambarT, gundlii, 1964 : — course, chak- 
kar : — motion, charkh, daur. 

Circularity, gola'I, gula'i. 

To Circulate, [v. n.) phirnii, ghumna, 
gardish k., [as the blood) daurncl, [to be 
spread abroad) muntasbar h., pbailaa, 
[v. a.) ghumana, phirana, phailana. 

Circulation, gardisb, ijra, bhauwar, pher. 

Circumambient, mulut. 

To Circumambulate, bhaiiwrlphirna, 387. 

Circumambulation, pradachchlnn, 512. 

To Circumcise, sunnat k., ld:atna k. 

Circumcised, masniin, makbtun. 

Circumcision, khatna, sunnat, 1903, 1221. 

feast, Circumcising, khatan. 

Circumference, gird, gher, gbera, da'ira: 
— of a circle, muhit-i-da'ira, 989. 

Circumjacent, as-pas, muttasil, 935. 

Circumlocution, tiil-i-kalam. 

To Circumscribe, gher lena, liadd bandh- 

Circumscribed, ghera, tang, kotah. 

Circumspect, hoshyar, chaukas, 1077,908. 

Circumspection, chaukasa'I, iljtiyat, 1077. 

Circumspectly, ilitiyatan. 

Circumstance, lial, lialat, majarii, 382. 

Circumstances, ahwfil, lialat, dasa, kaifi- 
yat : in bad — , bad-hal : in easy or plea- 
sant — , kliush-hal : in good — -, daslla. 

Circumstantial, mufassal, talsil-war. 

CiRCUMSTANTiALLY,mashruhan,mufassalan 

To Circumvent, pech d., balarf., chhalna. 

Circumvention, pechish, mudara, dagha. 

Circumvolution, mar-pech. 

Circus, akbara. 



OLA 

Cissus quadrangularis, har-jora. 
Cistern, hauz, chah-bachcha, chu'an,l724. 
Citadel, kal'a, garh, garhi. 
Citation, [summons) dastak, ilam. 
To Cite, hula bhejna, talab k., [quote) lana. 
Cities, bilad, mudun, mudn. 
Citing to appear, [suhst.) istilizar. 
Citizen, shahrT, ra'Is. Citizens, ahall. 
Citron, turunj, galgal, chakotara, 1578. 
Citrus decumana, chakotara, papalmas : — 

medica, ITmu. 
City, nagar, pur, shahr, pattan, 352, 1874. 
Inhabitant of a City, purabasl. 
Of or beloyiging to a City, nagari, shahrl. 
Civet, [the perfume) zabad. 
Civil, [social) milansar, khallk, susTI, [in 

opjios. to military) mulki, mall : — war, 

kliLina-jangi, iipas kl lara'i. 
Civility, niilansarl, bbal-mansat, 199. 
Civilization, tahzib-i-akhlak. 
To Civilize, admiyatmen lana. 
To become Civilized, admiyat pakarna. 
Clack, bak-bak, kll o kal, 738, 859, 1563 : 

eternal — , tarrara-zabiin. 
To Clack, bakbakana, barbarana. 
Clad, mulabbas, [in compos.) posh. 
Claim, da"wa,istil.ikak, [jmt)hsikk: tomake 

— oil, da'wa k. : to urge a — against one, 
kamar pakarna : without — , la-da'wa. 

To Claim, da'wa k., takaza *., mangnii : 

— protection, daman se lagna. 
Claimant, mudda'i, da'!, da'wa-dar. 
To Clamber, bilangna, charhna. 
Clamminess, las, laslasahat, B76, 780. 
Clammy, laslasa, chipchipa, lazij,490, 1774, 

1780, 876, 780 : any thing — , lasa. 
To be Clammy, lachlachana, laslasana. 
Clamorous, ghaugha'i, shor-awar, shori. 
Clamour, shor, na'ra, ghaugha, ghul-glia- 

para, shor-shaghab, ror, saut. 
Clamp, [of metal) pattar. 
Clan, kul, kaum, zat, kutum, khandan. 
Clandestine, makbfT, gupt, nihan, cbhipii. 
Clandestinely, chorl-chori, maklifi. 
Clang, Clangour, gajii-baja, biing, shor. 
To Clang, kharakna, [dakh.) 932, 1750. 
Clank, jhankar. To Clank, khal-khal k. 
Clap, [blow) dhappa, jhatas, [noise, dakh.) 

taral, rapata, [venereal) sozak, parme'o, 

parma, meham. 
To Clap, [apply) lagana, bbirana : — the 

hands, tali bajanil, thapri bajana : — the 

wings, phatphatana. 
Clapping, ghach, ghaelia : — of the hands, 

thapri, tail, dastak, thali, thai. 
Clapper, chatta-batta, [of a bell, dakh.) 

latkan. 
To Clarify, mail chliantna, nikharna. 
Clarion, karna'e, shahna, buk, turbl, 

surna : — player, surnachi, surna'I. 



CLE 



22G7 



Clarionet, [kind of, dakh.) shahna'I. 

Clash, jhan, jhankar, [op2>osition) zidd. 

7'oCLASH,khatkhatana, ((iaAA.)shap-a-sliap 
k., [be in opposition) mukhalafat k., zidd i. 

Clahhihg of weapotis, khat-pat, [dakh.) 874. 

Clasp, chapras. 

To Clasp, [shut) band *., (fold) lapetnr,, 
(seize) pakarna, lena, (in the arms) gaic 
lagana. 

Claspknife, chaku, bakiya. 

Class, («oj-<) kism,baran,firka,nau', (order) 
tabak, martaba, darja. 

Class-fellow, liam-sabak. 

Clatter, kharkharahat. 

ToClatter, kharkharana: see To Chatter. 

Clavicle, basil, hansll, (dakh.) hafts. 

Clause, (dim!OB)jumla, fikra, fasi, [article) 
babat, bat, (stipulation) shart. 

Claw, nakliun, changul, panja, bukkat, 
bukta, (of a crab) kainchi (.'), dank. 

To Claw, nochna, kharochna, cbonthna. 

Clay, chiknl mitti, gil, tin, kachra : pre- 
pared — , gara, gillawa. Clayey, gill. 

Clean, Cleanly, nirmal, saf, pak, paklza, 
pabitr, bimal, ujla, ujjal, such, tahir. 

To Clean, Cleanse, saf *., manjna,ujaln5, 
chhantna, pharchha k., chiknana, jharna. 

To make Clean work of it, safa'i k. 

Cleaned, 1971 : lobe — ,'manjna, nikharnfu 

Cleaning, tankllj, saikal, manjan, 931. 

Cleanness, Cleanliness, safa'i, taharat, 
paki, pakizagi, safi, nirmalata, nakawat. 

Cleansing the warp, bitharl. 

Clear, [clean, bright) saf, amal, abdar, nir- 
mal, ujjal, ujla, 2047, (manifest) ashVan, 
zahir, ayan, partichh, padid, wazih, roshan, 
mubln, huwaida, (free) bari, mubarra: — 
water, nithra, nuffa. 

Making Clear or bright, (adj.) mujalll. 

To Clear, (v. a.) saf k., (as water by 
settling) nikhrana, nitharna, (v. n., as the 
sky) pharchha h. : — up (the sky or rain) 
khulna : — aivay, (v. a.) jhar d., raf k. : 

— the water of a well, chhakna. 
Clearance, chaliin. 

Cleared of weak words, [a verse) munakkab . 

Seed with which water is Cleared, nirmall. 

To be Cleared, nikhania. 

CLEARERo/tte way before a great man, 1 43,3. 

Clearing woodlands, jangal-bmi. 

Clearly, sarihan. 

Clearness, (purity) s&fa, nirmalata, safa'i. 
[transparency) shaffafJ, [brightness) ta- 
jalll, [perspicuity) salasat, safa'i. 

Clearsighted, didawar. 

To Cleave, (split, v. a.) pharna, chlma. 
(v. n.) phatna, chirna, (dakh.) tarakhna : 

— to, chimat rahnii. 

Cleaver, bughda, kulharl, tabar, pharsS. 
Cleft, (subst.) rakhna. shigaf, dai-ar, 1035. 



■2-26S 



CLO 



Clemency, liUm, shafakat, karam, maya. 
Clemext, halim, gLatur, dayawaat. 
Cleome viscosa, ujla hulul, hurhur : seeds 

of — , chhorl ajwan or chorT ajwan. 
Clerk, mutasaddi, katib, nawlsanda, 1570, 
1859, 237 : /lead — , sar-daftar, mustaufi: 
office 0/ — , Clerkship, 1838, 1900. 
Clerodexdron vifortttnatum, bhant. 
Clever, chatur, chaukas, chalak-dast, ju- 
gatl, pi-abin, nipun, mahir, kabil, hoshyar. 
Cleverness, chatura'T, hunar, cbarphar, 
l.ukmat, rasa'i, kar-sazi, chalak-dasti, 856. 
Clew, kalaba, pechak, pinda, {guide) rishta. 
To Click, {dakh.) kat-kat k. 
Client, asami, munib, muwakkil, 2137. 
Clientship, wasila-dail. 
Cliff, sring, dhang, paharT, ((fflX:^.) banda. 
Climate, Clime, ikllm, ab hawa, kishwar. 
Climates, Climes, akallm. 
To Climb, bilangna, charhna. 
Climber, charhwa!ya,(p/an<) balU, bel, bell. 
To Clinch, {grasp) pakarna, {confirm) sabit 
X\,tikhama: — the fist ^ muthibandhna(?). 
To Cling, lipatna, chimtana, hilagna, 179. 
Clink, thanak. To Clink, thinakna, 827. 
Clinking, jhanjbkar. 

ToClip, tarashna.chhantna, katna, katarna: 
cause — , katrana : — words, chabana (?). 
Clipped, burida. To be Clipped, katna. 
Clippings, tutan, tukra-purza, kat-kut. 
Clitoria ternatea, aparajita, koyal, 1627. 
Clitoris, tana, sunga. 
Cloak, fargbul, orhna, aba, 1753, 1659,361. 
To Cloak, dhampna, chhipana, gopan k. 
Cloakbag, jama-dani, kburjl, kburjin. 
Clock, ghan, ghanta, sa'at, gharyal. 
Clockmaker, sa'at-saz, ghari-saz (?). 
Clod, dala, pinda, dhela, londa, kulukh. 
CLOG,bar,bojh, («Aoe)kharawan, chama'un: 
— for the feet of elephants, kat-bandhan. 
To Clog, garan-bar k., bar k., atkana. 
Clogged, pa-band. 

Close, (subst.) intiha, akhir, ant, tamaml, 

{enclosure) ihata, {adj. shui)\)anA, miinda, 

{near) karib, muttasil, pas, {narrow) tang, 

(/i!VM«i)poshida, chhipfi, {reserved) ruVha, 

{compact) thos, sangin : — together, pai- 

ham, lag-a-lag, hain-dosh : {thick, as 

trees together) ghanfi, gunjan : not — , 

{legs, which are much separated) chhida. 

Tn Close, (p. n.) mundiia, michna, lagna, 

(u. a.) band k., mundna, lagana, milana : 

{as two armies) bliij-na : — a door, {stop 

it up) darwiiza ma'mfir k. : — in with {to 

agree) muwafakat k. : — , {the day) din 

mundna: — the eyes, michna, michaulnii : 

— with, {engage in fight) jutna, bhifna. 

Closed, basta, aar-basta, masdud, ma'mur. 

To be Closed, mundna, bandhnfi. 

C'LoiELY, pithiyathonk, gujlian. 



CLO 

Closeness, {nearness) paiwastagl, ittisal, 
{narrowness) tangcha'i, tangi, {thickness 
together) gunjanl, {compactness) sanglnl : 

— of the weather, gandagi (?). 
Closet, hujra, khalwat-khana, kotbri, 993. 
To Closet or be Closeted, kLalwat A. 
Closing of armies in fight, bhira'i. 
Clot, thak, thakka. To Clot, jamna. 
Cloth, kapra, kapar, parcha, basan, pat, 

vastra, chir, {sorts of — ) 486, 276, 225, 
76, 74, 1102, 1334, 1347, 1553, 1668, 
2060, 2090, 1641, 1303, 490, 842, 878, 
1306, 1706, 1641, 2084, 1071, 101, 1368, 
>475i 56 : — died with red ochre, bhag- 
wad, bhagwi : — interwoven with gold or 
silver thread, tash : — made of silk and 
cotton mixed, 1909 : — hemmed with a 
cord, fallta-dar : — reaching to the knee, 
thenthi: — set with jewels, 6j-c., murafsa*: 

— stretched across the roof of a room, 
chhat : — thrown loosely over the shoul- 
ders, do-patta : — to cover the head in 
cold or wet weather, ghopa : — with eye- 
lets, covering the whole body, jhompa: — 
worn between the legs, langoti, lung, 1 565 : 

— worn round the waist, Sfc, lung, dhoti, 
kachh, kopin; — {coarse) for wiping, ^'c, 
jharan : mode of joining breadths of — , or 
of cutting out — , dhenkli : — {soft) 
wetted and applied to a sore, pan-kapra : 

— in which a bundle is tied up, basta. 
Cloth merchant, bazzaz. 

To Clothe, palirana, 578, paharna, kapra 

orbna or pabanna, pinhana, .587 : to cause 

— , urhana. 
Clothed, mulabbas : — in, {in compos.) 

posh : man — in mail, opchi : — in rags, 

chithariya, dalk-posh, gudariya, 1B85. 
Clothes, Clothing, poshiik, pahanawa, 

kapra, kapre wapre, libas, chir, pahirawan, 

urhauua, parche. 
CLOTHEs/oWerf up on the head against rain, 

ghiingi, kho'i : old tattered — , gudar. 
To put OK Clothes, kapra orhna or pahanua. 
Clotted, jatit : — lock, {of hair) lat. 
Cloud, abr, badal, badar, megh, sahab, 259, 

15: to — , chha leiia: black — , abr-i- 

-siyah, tira abr, ghansyam : thick — , abr- 

-i-ghaliz. Clouded, abrl. 
Cloudiness, badli,ghata, 1754, 257, 1196. 
The Clouds, ghata,ghan, 546 : mass of — , 

dal-badal ; of the colour of — , megh-baran. 
Cloudy, ghan-glior, dhundhla, ghata ghera. 
Clove, (the spice) laung, karanful : — of 

garlic, pothi, jawa, gattha, {dakh.) phank. 
Cloven hoof, khur, kliuri. 
To shew the Cloven hoof, bfd par nikalnii. 
Clout, {thump)thaperii, (c/oM)para, parcha. 
Clouts, {baby cloths) potra or potra. 
Clown, gamvar, gabru, babruta, 1652, 797. I 



COC 

Clownish, ujjhar, ujadd, anchhila, 2207. 
CL0WNisHNESs,ganwar-pan,hendragi,2207. 
7'oCLOY,chhakana. yo4eCLOYED,chhakna. 
Club, sonta, lath, lathi, lath, asa, gada, 

gadka, labeda, dabus, chob, gurz, 978, 

746, 1799, ((wsemi/y) majlis, sabha, 1906: 

— of Faridun, gawsar, gawsar : — used 

as dmnb bells, mugdar. 
To Club, {associate) sharakat*., muttafik A. 
Club-footed, {dakh.) phengra, 594. 
To Cluck, kurkuraua, {dakh.) kuk-kuk k. 
Clucking, {of a hen) kuruk. 
Clump, {of wood) kunda, (q/'jravs) jhundi, 

{of trees) jhund. 
Clumsiness, anarpan, bedauli, besalikagi. 
Clumsy, anari, bad-daul, bhadesal, 2165. 
Clupea alosa, hilsa : — cultrata, cbala, 885. 
Cluster, kuchha, {of fruit) guchchha, jhoii- 

ra, 1755, {bevy, crowd) jhund, jama'o. 
Clutch, kabza, muth, panja, 895, 1697. 
To Clutch, kabze men lena, pakarna, gahna. 
Clutter, kolahal. 

Clyster, bukna, 490, 1802 : — pipe, hukna. 
Coach, rath, g.irl, bahal, ghur-bahal. 
Coachman, rath-ban, gari-wan or -ban. 
Coachmanship, rath-baui. 
Coadjutor, yawar, madadgar, rafik. 
To Coagulate, (».».)jamna, (p.o.) jamana. 
Coagulation, jamawat, jama*o, 190,791. 
Coal, ko'ela : live — , angara. 
To Coalesce, milna, amekhta h., jurna. 
Coalesced, mila hu'a, {letters) mudgham. 
Coalescence, Coalition, milap, mel, 

iltiyam. 
Coarse, {thick) mota, gunda, garhwar, 40, 

1641, {gross) ghallz, {unrefined) kacha, 

kham, {rude) anchhUa, durusht, {clumsy) 

bad-daul. 
Coarseness, mota'i, gundagi, ghilazat. 
Coast, kinara, lab, lab-i-darya, 1569,2026. 
Coat, kurti, alkhalak. chapkan, angarkha, 
{layer) tab : — of arms, alamat, nishan : 

— of clay for laying on a wall, puchara : 

— of mail, baktar, jaushan, jhilam, chilta : 

— of paint, &fc., chhop, astar (?) : great 
— , lubada, barani, farghiil : thick redu- 
plicated — for soldiers, chilta : to change 
his — , {a horse) ro'en badalna. 

To Coat, astar -kari k., astar lagana. 

To Coax, {v. n.) ghighiyiina, hath pherna, 
{v. a.) phuslana, bhulana, chumkarna, 
jbai'isna, dam-dilasa d., laliyana, manana. 

Coaxer, dam-baz, phuslii'u, phuslauniya. 

Coaxing, phuslat, dambazi, lar, lallo-patto. 

To Cobble, tiinke lagana, ganthna, tfinknS. 

Cobbler, chamar, mochi, para-doz. 

Cobbli.vg, {subst.) paiwand-kari. 

Cobweb, tar-i-ankabut, jfila, makri kfi jalS. 

Cochineal, kirmiz. CociiLEAA<?/i>,ghongii. 

Cock, murgh, murghii, kukkut, {male) nar. 



COI 

narukh, (xjiout) tontl, 153'2. 'fit!): — "f 

a gun, ghorii, kal, totfv : — of a balance, 

kanta : — of hay, dheri. 
To Cock, uthana, khara k., (o yun) cliamp 

charhana, ghora charhana. 
Cockade, phul. Cock-eyed, tera. 
Cock-fighter or -feeder, murgh-baz. 
CocKET, rawana, dastak ralularl. 
Cockle, ghonga, gliungi, {dakh.) nadkUrda. 
Cockle-shell, gugli, ghongil. 
Cockpit, pfdi. 

Cock-roach, tU-chatta, jhingur. 
King of the Cockroaches, {dakh.) kabikaj. 
A Cock's comb, kes : —flower, taj-kbaros, 

jata-dhari, kalga, gul-kesb. 
Cocksure, be-shakk, be-shubb, nischit, la- 

-shakk. 
CocoA-NBT, narjil, nariyal, khopra : — 

kernel, khopra, gari, gola: — tree, narjil: 

ripe — , jhuna : unripe — , dab : juice of 

the — used for intoxication, nariyali. 
Cocoon, {of the silkworm) pela, ku'a. 
Cocos nucifera, narjil. 
Cod, {peascod, S(c.) phall, phaliya, chhiml. 
Code, granth, pustak, pothi, Jung, kitab. 
To Codle, nlm-josh *. 
Codpiece, khistak, miyanl. 
CoEauAL, ham-chashm, bam-sar. 
To Coerce, rokuii, atkana, dabana. 
Coercion, daba'o, ruka'o, atka'o, rok. 
Coeval, ham-slnn, ham-iimr, ham-joll. 
Coffee, kabwa, {unground) bun, {dakh.) 

bund, 1299. 
CoFFEE-HousE.bhatliiyar-khfina.mai-kbana 
Coffee-pot, kahwa-dan. 
Coffer, sanduk, petl, durj. 
Coffin, tiibut, sanduk, na'sh : see Shroud. 

in a horse's hoof, {dakh.) putll. 

To Coffin, takfin k., sanduk men rakhna. 
Coffin-maker, tabut-gar. 
Cog, (of a wheel) danti, khuntl. 
Cogency, zor, kuwat, bal, {exigence) zarurat. 
To Cogitate, fikr k., sochna, bicbarna. 
Cogitation, fikr, tafakkur, soch, andesha. 
Cognizance, ittila", baz-pursi, tabklk (?). 
CoGNOMiNAL, ham-nam, ham-ism, mita {}). 
Cohabitation, subbat, ham-bistarl. 
To Cohere, jarana, chipchipana : see To 

Agree. 
Coherent, cbaspan, basta, {consistent) 

thik, barabar. 
Coherence, Cohesion, ebaspldagi {con- 

gruitg) rabt, tatabuk. 
Cohort, risala, ulush (?), guroh, jama'at. 
Coif, sar-andaz. 

Coil, bal, kundll, lapet, pber, pech, ta'o. 
To Coil, pechkhana, kundll banana, {v. a.) 

khamina. 
Coiled, bal-dar, pech-dar, pechan, Icham. 
Coin, {stamp) mudrii, sikka, zarb : a silver 



COL 

— , cbitta, rupiya : bad — , karkara : a 
copper — , paisa, dhabii'a, taka, ru'a : 
cracked, khep : a mixed heap of gold and 
silver — , khichrl : old — current at a de- 
preciated rate, sanwat : piece of base 
metal inserted in — , khep : small — , 
reza, fuliis : stampt — , sikka. 

To Coin, zarb d., {dakh.) thassa d., thassa 
dalna, {to invent) Ijad k., bandish k. 

To Coincide, milna, muwafik h., ek-dil h. 

Coincidence, tawafuk, ittifak, alaka, mel. 

Coiner, zarrab. CoiN£NG,zarib,(swJs<.)zarb. 

Coition, Coitus, mubasharat, bah, jima". 

Co^-, (/or Con- or Com-, in comp.) sam. 

Colander, chhanna, chalni, pezna. 

Colchicum illyricum, gul-i-suranjan. 

Cold, {adj.) thanda, thandha, sard, khunuk, 
sital, {subst.) thandi, jara, sardi, khunuki, 
jura, sit, {indifferent) sard,afsurda, rukha: 
— fit of an ague or fever, gurgurl, larzl : 
a — , {the disease) sardI, zukam, nasla, 
hawazadagi : — season or weather, sisir, 
{dakh.) thand-kala : to be — , jarana : — 
hearted, dil-sard : to suffer — , kaleja 
kampna. 

Coldness, thandak, jara, khunuki, sardi, 
{indifference) sard-mihri, kam-nigahi. 

CoLiCK, ba'o-si\l,dard-i-shikam, sid, kidinj. 

To Collapse, chapakna, mil-jana, baithj. 

Collar, gardan-band, {of metal) tauk, 
mundra, hansli, hasll, bans, {of a gar- 
ment) gireban : — bone, hasll, hansli, 
bans : horse ■ — , gulii-band, 1722 : having 
a — or chain round the neck, mutauwak. 

To Collate, mukabala A., sodhna, muwa- 
jaba k. 

Collation, mukabala, {repast) chasht. 

Colleague, sharik, sajhl,rafik, sangi, sathl. 

To Collect, jam' *., batorna, ektha k., 
sametna, 153, 2188,789,466, {revenue) 
talisll k., tahsilna, wusul k., {v. n.) su- 
karna, jamnfi, jam' h., {from premises) 
nikalna, istikhraj k. : — a body of troops, 
tuman bandhna : — a crowd, bera bandh- 
na : — one's self, ta'ammul k. 

Collected, majmii'a, majmu'i, farabam, 
sanchit, 2218, 2219, 244: — in mind, 
dil-jam", khatir jam*. 

To be Collected, jam' /(., jamna, 1746. 

CoLLECTEDNESs of mind, kbatir-jam'i, dil- 
-jam'i. 

Collecting, {adj.) muhassil, (subst.) talj- 
sil, simat. 

Collection, (sfccA)majma', majmii'a, jam', 
jam'fyat, sangat, {accretion) jama'o, {sum 
collected) mabsiil : — of duties on roads, 
rahdarl : — of revenue, talisil. 

Collections or duties of a market, hasil-i- 
-bazar : — and balances, wasil-baki : ac- 
count of — , tauzib. 

7 L 



COM 



2269 



Collective, jami , majmii'a: — form or 
mass. Collectively, bai'at-i-majmii'i. 

Collector, tah?Il-dar, jami", muha??il : — 
of market duties, dandiya : — of port 
duty, mir-bahr: — of revenue, Sfc, .'mil, 
amal-dar, baj-gir, baj-dar: — of road 
duties, rahdar. 

Collectors of revenue, Smmal, amala. 

Collectobship, tahsil-dari, amal-dari. 

College, madrasa, daru-I-Tlm, path-sala. 

Head of a College, mudarris. 

Collision, takkar, talatum, jhoka, ?adma. 

CoLLOP, bhastikkfi, tikka, dall, muchcha. 

To Collude, gathna, satta-batta k. 

Collusion, ittifiik, bandish, siizish, sant. 

CoLLYBiuM, kuhl, anjan, anjansar, kajjal, 
surma, 1184: the eye coloured with — , 
mak'hul ; instrument with which — is 
applied to the eyes, mik'hal. 

CoLOCYNTH, indrayan, hanzal. 

To Colonize, basana, abad k., nau-abad A-. 

CoLoauiNTEDA, lianzal. 

Colour, rang, baran, rangat, rang-riiji, 
rangawat, laun, giina, {in compos.) giin, 
fam, (pretext) bahana, {room) ja, thik- 
ana, {appearance) bhes, shakl, siirat : — 
in horses, changla : — Hie thai of smoke, 
dhSma : of the — of smoke, dhQmra, 
1 1 06 : natural — , kudrati rang. 

To Colour, rangna, rachna, {palliate) ba- 
nana, taujih k., {blush) sharmana, lajana. 

To change Colour, rang ur^'., 1975, 1976. 

Coloured, rang-dar,mulauwan,rangln, rata. 

Colouring, rang-amezi , — or business of 
— , rangawat : price paid for —, rangii'i. 

Colourless, shaflaf, nirmal, nirmala. 

Colours, alwan, {standard) nishan, bairak. 

0/'Mno!isCoLOURS,gunagun,rang-ba-rangi. 

CoLT,bachhera,na-kand,kurra,(rfaAA.)iiakan 

Coluber naja, nag. 

Columba hurriala, hariyal. 

Column, sitiin, stambh, thuni, thiim. 

in the page of a book, zil". 

Com-, {in compos.) sam. 

Comb, kanghi, sbiina, {dakh.) kango'i : — 
of a bird, taj : — of a cock, taj-i-kharos, 
kes, kalgbl. 

To Comb, kangbii., {to card) dhunna, 1624. 

Combat, Jang, razm, ran, muharaba, 1915. 

To Combat, larna, lara'i k., judh k. 

To engage in Combat, dast gireban h. 

Combatant, jodha, jangi, muharib, laraka. 

Comber, (o/"eu^<on)dhuniya,hallaj,behinna. 

Combination, (collusion) sazish, satta-bat- 
ta, bandish, {association) milap, mel, sha- 
rakat, ittifak, {mixture) ikhtilat, amezish, 
{conjunction) paiwastagi. 

To Combine, {v. n.) milna, jurna, {v. a.) 
milana, jorna, (to conspire) maslabat k., 
iish pakana. 



2270 



COM 



Combined, murakkab, makhlut, amekhta. 

Combining, {subst. leaguing) sat-bat. 

Woman who Combs hair, mashshata. 

Combustion, atash-zadagi, sokhtagi, jalan. 

Come, {part.) amada, (inierj.) waih, (v. 
iinper.) a, a'o. 

To Come, ana, ajana, {arrive) pahunchna, 
wand h., tashrif lana, {come to pass) par- 
na, bona : — back, pbirna, babuma : — 
fortcard, age ana, barhna : • — inio, {be 
contained) antna, {enter) dar ana : — into 
the mind, ji men ana, kbatir men guzarna : 

— on, cbarbna, barbna : — out, nikalna, 
nisama, sar-zad h., babir ana : to cause to 

— out, nikalna : — suddenly, a-jana ; — 
to hand, batb ana, ((iaiA.)an-parna, apar- 
na : — to mind, yad ana : — ■ to one's 
self, ba-khud ana, bosh men ana : — up, 
bar ana. Come tvkat mag, kuchh bo. 

CoMEDi.\N, nat, natak-sal, nakkal, sawangi. 

Comedy, natak, pekbna, nakl, sawang. 

Comeliness, sundarta, sundarta'i, sundarl. 

Comely, sundar, chhabila, nek-manzar. 

CoMERan<?^oer,ayandarawanda,waridsadir. 

Comet, jharu, ket, sitara-i-dumbala-dar. 

Comfort, dilasa, dam-dilasa, tasalli, aram, 
khatir-jam'i, takwiyat, samadhan, taskin. 

To Comfort, tasalli d., taskin d., 1133, 
1321, nawazna. 

Comfortable, asuda-lial, sukbi, murafFab. 

Comforted, kbatir-jam', mutasalli. 

7'oicCoMFORTED,thandaA.,j.in mefijan ana. 

Comforter, gham-khwar. khatir-dar. . 

Comforting, {subst.) irfab, gbam-khwarl, 
{adj.) tasalll-bakhsh. 

Comfortless, dil-sbikasta, be-kas, udas. 

Comical, Comic, thathe-baz, chuhli, zarlf. 

CoMicALNEss.thatholi.maskbarapan.zarafat 

Coming, {adj.) warid, ayanda, {stibst.) wu- 
rud, a'l, amad. 

and going, amad-raft, awaja'i, 235. 

Comma, cbhewa. 

Command, Commandment, aggya, farmfin, 
amr, hukm, sasan, irshad, sbastr, 1204. 

Command of a garrison, kal'a-darl. 

By Command, ba-lmkm. 

TbCoMMAND,liukm*.,farmana,tahakkum*. 

Under Command, hukm-kash, zer-dast. 

Commandant, {of a garrison) kal'a-dar. 

Commander, sardar, hakim, amir, adhpat, 
sar-guroh, sarhang, 1490, 2026: — in 
chief, bakhshi. mir-bakhshi : — of an 
army, sipah-salar, 1247, dal-wiil, sipab- 
-dar, sena-pat : — of teti men, dah-basbi, 
mir-daha: — of a troop, ri.'iala-dar. 

Commanding, {a fort or situation) sar-kob. 

CoMMANDS,al.ikam,umiir,faramin,farma'ish. 

Commelina salicifolia, jalpipal. 

roCoMMENCE,(».a.)8huril"*.,bismillah*., 
nandhna, {v. n.) shurii'' h., nandhna. 



COM 

Commencement, shurii*, aghaz, ibtida, 499. 

To Commend, {praise) sarahna, 345, {re- 
commend) sifarish k., 674, {commit) tas- 
lim k. , supurd *. 

Commend ABLE,mustahsan,ta''rifi,pasandida 

Commendation, sarah,tausif,madh,siKrish. 

Comment, Commentary, tika, sharh, taf- 
sir, 948 : having a — annexed, satik. 

To Comment, sbarh likhna. Commenter, 
Commentator, sbarih, mufassir. 

Commented on, mufassar. 

Commerce, tijarat, saudagari, banij, bai', 
baipar, 263, {intercourse) ta'alluk, alaka. 

To Commiserate, rahm k., rahm khan^. 

Commiseration, gham-khwari, tarabhum, 
pir, dard. 

Commissary, {of supplies) sarbarahkar, da- 
rogba, {of ordtiance) topchi. 

Commission, {warrant) farman, sanad, pat- 
tar, {order) farma'ish, {deputation) wika- 
lat-nama, niyabat-nama, {perjjetration) 
irtikab : — on goods, rusiim, dastiir. 

Commissioned, gumashta. 

Commissioner, amin,mukhtar,wakil, 200 1. 

To Commit, {intrust) sompna, taslim k., 
hawale k., supurd k., {perpetrate) irti- 
kab k., macbana : — adultery, zina k., 
chhinala k. : — an improper action, ha- 
rakat k. : {crimes secretly) daman tale 
chhipana: {to place) rakbna, dharnii, {im- 
prison) kaid k. 

Committed to the care of, mufauwaz. 

To be Committed, macbna, irtikab h. 

Commodious, asan, ma'kul, la'ik, mufid. 

CoMMODiousNESs, khiibi, liyakat, S'ida. 

Commodity, chiz, jins, rakam, bast, mata". 

Common, {gaieral)hmn, amum, mushtarak, 
{vulgar) kamina, paji, mubtazal, {plenty) 
kasir, bahut, wafir, {usual) ra'ij ; — wo- 
man, fahisha, kasbi : — people, arzal, 
amm, ra'aya, awamm : — provisions, 521 : 
— sense, biss-i-mushtarak : in — , 1229, 
{equally) barabar, {usually) aksar, besbtar. 

Commonalty, awammu-n-nas, awamm, ar- 
zal, nich-log. 

Commonly, aksar, besbtar, umiiman. 

Commonplace-book, bayaz, safina- 

Commons, khana, khurak. ghiza : see Food, 

Commonwealth, jumbur. 

Commotion, {agitation) tazalzul, iztirab, 
tazabzub, {tumult) huUar, harj-marj, khal- 
bal, {perturbation) kahr-i-kiyamat, kalak. 

To Commune, bolna-chalnii, bat-chit k. 

To Communicate, {tell) kahna, batliina, 
bayjin k., {give) dena, {be connected) 
milna, aliika rakhnil. 

Communication, aliika, laga'o, mel, ta'fd- 
luk, {talking) bol-cbal, sambiid, bat-chit. 

Communion, mu^ahabat, uns, mel, lagii'o. 

Community, jumbur, musharakat, khalk. 



COM 

Commutation, adla-badli, tabdil, badal, 

jToCommute, tabdilA.,mu'awazaX:., badalna. 

Compact, {subst.) ahd, misak, kaul-karar, 
shart, {adj.) thos, ghafs, sangin, 1680. 

Compactness, sangini, kasafat. 

Companion, sathi, rafik, anis, 217, yar, 
ham-rabi : pot — , ham-piyala : woman's 
female — , saheli. 

Companionship, uns, rifakat, suhbat,2i93. 

Company, {fellowship) suhbat, rifakat, san- 
gat, {guests) mibman, {partnership) sha- 
rakat, siijha, {assembly) majMs, sablia, 
{body of men) guroh, {corporation) firka : 

— of dancing girls, S^c, ta'ifa : keeping 

— with, suhbat-dari. 
Comparable, barabar, hamsar, mukabil. 
Adjective in the Comparative degree, ism- 

-i-tafzil. Comparatively, ba-nisbat. 

To Compare, tashblh d., mukabala k. 

Comparing, Comparison, mukabala, mu- 
wajaha, {simile) tasbbih, tamsil, {propor- 
tion) 1957. 

/>». Comparison with it, miishabib-bihi. 

Compartment, khana, ghar. 

Compass, {circuit) ihata, ghera, daur, phera, 
gird, {reach) rasa'i, pabunch, {ex-tent) 
mikdar, arsa : mariner's — , shimal-nu- 
ma, kutb-numa, kibla-numa ; poitit of the 
— , disa : intermediate point of the — , 
widisa. 

To Compass, {surround) gherna, muha- 
sara k. , gird k. , {attain) pana, basil k. 

Compasses, {pair of) pargar. 

Compassion, rahm, dard, pir, maya, kirpa, 
sbafakat, kanina : to feel — , dard khana. 

Compassionate, dard-mand, kirpal.shafik. 

To Compassionate, tars khana, rahm k. 

7'oicCoMPASSiONATE,ji pasijna,ji pighalna. 

Compatriot, ham-watan. 

Compeer, ham-sar. To Compel, zor k. 

Compelled, majbfir, 1948, 764. 

Compendium, mujmal, mukhtasar. 1983. 

Compendious, ijmali, mukhtasar: — ac- 
count, ijmiil. 

Compensation, talafi, iwaz, badla, jaza. 

Competence, CoMPETENCY,far!i£h,far!ighat 

Competent, la'ik, kabil, joga, {adequate) 
wajibi. 

Competently, achchhi farah, ba-kadr-i- 

Competition, mukabala, dekha-dekhi, bar- 

abari. 
Competitor, khwast-gar, mu'firiz, liarlf. 
To be CoMPETiTonfor any thing, nasiblarne. 
Compilation, talif, sangrah, majmu'a. 
Compilations, mu'allafat. 
To Compile, talif*., faraham k., jam" k. 
Compiler, jivmi", {of a book) niu'allif, 

grantU-kar. 



COM 

To Complain, nala h., billfina, {reproach) 
ulahnarf., {call for aid or justice) faryad *. 

Complainant, gireban-glr, nalishi, faryadi. 

CoMPLAiNER, shaki, apavadi, {dakh.) 1479. 

Complaining, («({/.) nalan, {subst.)nuv/uh, 
nal!dan,istighrisa: — o/iniustice,ta7,a]\\im. 

Complaint, shikayat, gila, shakwa, nala, 
faryad, {accusation) nalish, {reproach) 
ulabna, {disease) azar, bimarl : to make 

— of injustice, Sfc, dad *. : to make re- 
iterated Complaints, doha'I tiha'i k. 

Complaisance, ru-dari, kbatir-dasbt, sil, 

kliulk, sishtachar. 
CoMPLAiSANT,rautawazi",sisbtacbarI,k]jaini: 
Complement, {JUlhirj) tamfimi, tamamiyat. 
Complete, kfimil, in'ira , tamam, pur, be-bak. 
To Complete, tamam k., itmam k., pura*. 
Completed, sampiirn, sampann, siddh. 
To be Completed, chukna, ho lena, do 

tuk h. 
Completely, tamamtar, sarapa, darobast. 
Completeness, Completing, ikhtitam, 

takmil, aklilr, bharti, tamfimi, kamal, 

nibera: — of business, kar-pardazT. 
Complex, pech-dar-pecb. 
Complexion, sarisht, mizaj, {colour) rang. 
Compliance, inkiyad, ijabat, kabul, istirza. 
Compliant, razi, razamand, narm, hallm. 
To Complicate, pech k., pecb-dar-pech k. 
Complication, pech, ureb, uljha'o, laff. 
Compliment, takalluf, {salute) bandagl. 
To Compliment, mubarak-badi d., {flatter) 

khush-ilmad k. 
Compliments, {empty or formal), 677. 
To CoMPLV, kabul k., bat rakbna, razi h. 
ToCoMPOSE, (maie) banana, {place) rakhna, 

{calm) tasklnrf., {a book, Sfc.) talif *., 

{for printing) barf baitlialna, barf jamana, 

{arrange) durust k., tartib d. 
Composed, mui-akkab, musannaf, sanjida, 

{in mind) aram-dil, asuda-dil, {mixed) 

tarklbl : — or put together well, marbut : 

— of, {in compos.) mai or maya. 
Composer, {writer) musannif, granth-kar, 

{of music) na'ik, {author) banl-kar, karta. 

Composition, tarklb, bani-kari, {of verses) 
tanzTm, {arrangement) iartih, {withcredi- 
tors, S(c.) damasahi, {of a book) tasnif, 
insha, talif, {of a difference) musalaha : 
— for washing the hair, sondha. 

Compositions, musannafat. 

Compost, {dakh.) yarn. 

Composure of mind, khatir-jam'i. 

Compound, Compounded, murakkab, 1322. 

Compound {medicine)8 1 4 : — perfume,iS5i. 

To Compound, milana, tarklb k., murakkab 
k., {adjust) musalaha k., banana. 

Compounder of medicines, dawa-saz. 

Compounding, mutarakkib. 

Compounds, {in med.) mutarakkibat. 



CON 

To Comprehend, {understand) bujhnri, 
samajhna, 1041 , 192,5, {comprise) sbamil h. 

To make CoMvv.EHF.KD, samjhana, bujhana. 

Comprehended, {iinderstood) maf'hum, 
{comprised) mashmul, 1886. 

CoMPREHENDiNG,(.«Kfa<.)istidrak,dark: — , 
Comprehender, bawl, mudrik, 1963. 

Comprehension, {intellect) idrak, samajh, 
bujh, 1 041 , 1 87 1 , {capacitij) ibata, ishtimal. 

Comprehensive, bara,wasr, zahin, akli. 

Comprehensively, zimnan. 

To Compress, sametna, chapkana, tipna. 

Compressed, chapta: to be — , chipakna. 

Compressing, Compression, fishar,tlp-tap. 

To Comprise, mushtamil h., sbamil h. 

Comprised, muzamman, 1963 : to be — , 
sbamil h. 

Comprising, {adj.) mushtamil, sbamil. 

Compromise, musalaha, sulh, shart, ahd. 

To Compromise, musalaha k., shart A. 

Comptroller, mutasaddi. 

Compulsion, iztirar,zariirat,jabr,zor, 1850. 

Compulsively, jabran, ba-zor, zulm se. 

Compulsory, zabar-dast, sakht. 

Compunction, pachhtawa, ta'assuf, afsos. 

Computation, bisab, muliasabat. 

T'uCoMPUTE,ginna,shumiTri.,((Zai/j.)minna. 

Computed, mahsiib, mu'tadd, ma'diid. 

Computer, muhasib, hisab-dan, muhan-ir. 

Comrade, bha'I, raflk, ham-khana. sathi. 

Comrades, bha'i-band, rufaka. 

Con-, {in compos.) sam, san. 

Concatenated, musalsal. 

Concatenation, tasalsul, silsUahat. 

Concave, mujauwaf, muka'ar, {dakh.) 
phokhal. Concavity, jauf. 

To Conceal, dhampna, chhipana, lukana, 
"357 568, 1025 : — one's dislike or in- 
dignation, ghor ghiintna : — the crime or 
fault of another, matti dalna. 

Concealed, gupt, chhipa, poshlda, pinhan, 
maktum, makniin, khufya : to be — , 
chhipna, dhapnii, lukna, ru-poshA., ojhal 
A., gare baithna : to keep — , daba'e dalna: 
to remain —, ram rahna. 

Concealer of fault or defect, aib-posh. 

Concealing, Concealment, ikhtifa, dafn, 
rfiposhi, satr, kitman, chhipa'o, poshidagi, 
israr, iir, 1727, 559. 

To Concede, manna, razi h., ja'iz rakhna. 

Conceit, {fancy) khayal, tarang, dimagh, 
fikr, {pride) gliamand, ahankar, istikbar, 
tan : subtle or quaint ■ — , nukta : to be out 
of — with, khayal chhorna. 

Conceited, damaghi, ziyada-sar, ahankari. 

CoNCEiTEDNEss, lau-tarani, khud-bini. 

To Conceive, {be pregnant) hamila h., pet 
se h., ummed se h., {think) samajhna, 
daryaft i., janna, 134'. 

Conceiving, (s«is^)daryaft, (a(?j.)muzmir. 



CON 



2271 



To Concentrate, chhankana. 

To be Concentrated, siinatna. 

Concentration, chhankahat. 

Concentred, markuz. 

Concentric, ham-markaz. 

Conception, {pregnancy) adhan, haml, {in 

Memm(/)tasauwur.khayal,daryaft, samajh. 
Concern, {business) kar-o-bar, mu'amala, 

ta'alluk, {care) andesha, parwa, fikr, 

{affection) dard, {grief) afsos, gham, dil- 

-giri, {importance) zarurat. 
Of great Concern, ahamm, muhimm. 
To Concern, alaka rakhna, {make sad) 

dilgir *. : —one's self, dakhl *., hath d. 
Concerned, mutafakkir, {grieved) dilgir, 

{connected) muta'allik, alaka-mand. 
To be Concerned, (^r!TOe)afsosi., gham*., 

{be an associate with) alaka rakhna, {with 

a female) bhirna, jurna. 
Concerning, {prepos.) an, fi, {postpos.) 

par, liye,ko, waste, (re/a/my<o) muta'allik. 
Concert, {singing) zamzama, {music) rag- 

-rang, {singing and music) gana bajana, 

{agreement) milap, mila'o, rael. 
To Concert, {contrive) bandhna, bandish 

bandhna, maslahat k., {adjust) thik k., 

band o bast k. 
To iemCoNCERT, ragchhana, sama bandhna. 
Concession, kabiU, raza, {grant) "nayat. 
Conch, sankh. 
To Conciliate, khatir rakhna, manana, 

laga lena. Conciliated, mustamal. 
Conciliating, {subst.) istimahit, {adj.) 

dO-nawaz. 
Concise, mukhtasar. kotah, sanchhep, tang. 
Conciseness, kotahi, sanchhepan, ikhtisar. 
To Conclude, {v. n.) tamam A., ho chukna, 

{v. a. to finish) akhir k. . khatm k. . {settle) 

thalirana, chukana, {suppose) janna, biijh- 

na, {infer) nikalna : • — an agreement, ba- 

chan marna : {adv.) alkissa, algharaz. 
CoNCLUDEP.samapt, makhtum.musammani. 
To be Concluded, tamam h., thahama. 
Conclusion, {end) tamami, sar-anjam, 

khatm, 201, 63, {dakh.) siwat, {result) 

natija, basil, khulasa. 
Conclusive,' kat'i, kati". 
To Concoct, {v. n. be digested) pachna, 

hazm h., {v. a. in the stomach) pachana, 

hazm k., {arrange) tartib d., sudbarna. 
Concoction, hazm, tahlil, pacha'o, nuzj. 
Concomitant, lazim, lal.iik. 
Concomitance, luzum. 
Concord, Concordance, (oj^reemmO mel, 

milap, muwafakat, {harmony) sama, dam- 

-sazi, {in grammar) rabt. 
To act in Concord, hath-i-hath k. 
Concordant, {agreeing) muwafik, {proper) 

saz-kar, {harmonious) dam-saz, ham- 

-ahang, {in grammar) marbut. 



2272 



CON 



CoNCODRSE, (crowd) izdiham, hujum, am- 

boh, blur, {meeiint/) sangam, mel, milap. 
Concrete, Concreted, munjamid, basta. 
Concretion, bastagi, injimad, jama'o. 
Concubine, madkhula. surait, haram. 
CoNCDBITUS, hamla, mujama'at. 
Concupiscence, sbahwat, bawa, bawas, 

nafs, hawa o hawas, 2070. 
Concupiscent, shahwati, nafsani, cbulbara. 
To Concur, ittifak *., muttaBk h., ek-dil h. 
Concurrence, Concurrency, ittifak, ta- 

tabuk, tawafuk, {/lelp) madad, saba'e, 

(consent) marzl, kabul. 
Concurrent, muttafik, ek-dil, muttaliid. 
Concussion, jumbish, tazalzul, hilil'o. 
To Condemn, fatwa d., (blame) dakbna, il- 

zam d., (reject) mardud k., nikil (lilaa. 
Condemnation, fatwa, bukm, (rejection) 

radd. Condemned, mabkum. 
Condensation, takjlf. 
Condensed, mutarakim. 
Condensing, (subst.) simat. 
To Condescend, nihurna, namrtai. 
Condescending, (complaisant) sishtacharl. 
Condescension, sisbtachar, namrta. 
Condign, lazim, wajib, la'ik, munasib. 
Condiment, bagbar, binjan, masalih. 
Condition, (state) hal, biilat, gat, mabiyat, 

kaifiyat, alam, ahwal, dasa, sQrat, (rank) 

manzilat, martaba, sban, (stipulation) 

shart, ahd ; on — that, ba-sbarte-ki. 
Conditional, shartl : — conjunction, barf- 

i-shart : — proposition, haisiyat. 
To Condole, matam-pursi karna. 
Condolement, Condolence, ta'ziyat, 

gham-khwari, pursa, matam-porsi : letter 

of — , ta'ziyat-nama. 
CoNDOLER, Condoling, gbam-khyar.ham- 

-dard, mnshfik. 
To Conduce, madad *.,muiniddA.,sabara*. 
Conducible, Conducive, mmnidd, mu'- 

awin, saba'i. 
Conduct, (behaviour) chalan, sirat, suKk, 

charitr, acharan : — of an army, lashkar- 

-kashi: criminal — , ru-siyah-i : honour. 

able — , rQ-sufaidl : rule of — , maslak. 
To Conduct, le cbalna, pahunchana, riih- 

-numa'i *., (manai/e) chalana, nibabnfi. 
Conducting, (subst.) rah-barl, rab-numa'i. 
Conductor, rah-bar, rah-niima, (manager) 

ihtimam-chi : — of artillery, top-cbl. 
Conduit, muhrl, parnala, (dakh.) panaia. 
Cone, gaw-dara, makhruf,, (dakh.) saucha. 

bearing tree, ?anaubar. 

To Confabulate, biit-cbit *. 
Confabulation, bat-cbit, bol-cbal, kTl 

kal, kal-ma-kiil. 
Confection, murabba, pak, ma'jun, lialwa. 
Confectioner, l.ialwa'i, mitha'J-gar. 
CoNFEDEHACY, sazish, ashti, wisal, sunt. 



CON 

Confederate, bam-masbwarat, kumaki, 
rafik. To Confederate, muttafik A. 

Confederated, bam-maslabat. 

Confederating, sat-bat. 

Confederation, mu'aliada. 

To Confer, (give) ata k., ilisan k., (con- 
verse) jawab sawal k. : — together in pri- 
vate, kbalwat k. 

Conference, mubawara, muzakara. 

The Conferring of obligation, ibsan. 

To Confess, ikrar k., i'tiraf /t.,mulcirr A., 
manna, ka'il h., (to a priest) gosb-guzar 
k. (I), — and be ashamed of one's fault, 
1701 : — inferiority, 695. 

Confession, ikrar, takrir, kaba, i'tiraf: 
Muhammadan — of faith, kalma (properly 
kalima) : to make the Muhammadan — of 
faith, kalma parhna. 

Confessing, Confessor, ka'il, mu'tarif. 

CoNFEST,(»»ani/es<) asbkara, parghat, zahir. 

A Confidant, i'tibari, bbedu, sika, mu'ta- 
mad, mahram-i-raz, dam-saz, raz-dar : 
not a — , na-mabram. 

To Confide, bbarosa k., patlyana. 

Confidence, (reliance) bbarosa, i'tibar, 
i'timad, yakin, bawar, patiyara, (firmness 
of mind) dharas, istiklal, (boldness) dileri, 
be-baki, (arrogance) gustakhi, dhitba'I, 
gbamand : to establish mutual — , rab 
parna : to get into one's — , kan lagna : to 
ivork one's self into — , bbed lena : worthy 
of — , mu'tabar. 

Confident, (bold) dbltb, be-bak, nidar, 
(certain) mu'takid, ummedwar, (insolent) 
gustakb, sbokb. 

Confidential, parda-dar, mahram, mu'- 
tabar, mu'tamad. 

To Confine, band k., (restrain) rokna. 

Confined, (detained) mahbus, pa-band, 
(strait) tang, kotab, (dakh.) kondbar. 

Confinement, bandh, nazar-bandi, kaid. 

Confines, afriif, aknaf, hudud, sar-zamin. 

To Confirm, sabit k., tikbarna, mukarrar k. 

Confirmation, istihkam, isbat, takarrur, 
(proof) dalil, hujjat, praman, burhan. 

Confirmed, niuhakkak, sabit, mukarrar. 

Confirming, (subst.) takwiyat, ishtidad, 
(adj.) mukirr. 

To Confiscate, zabt k., kurk k. 

Confiscated, zabtl, kurkl. 

Confiscation, zabt, kurk. 

Confiscator, chhenkwaiya. 

Conflagration, lukwa'I, iitashzadagi. 

Conflict, Jang, lara'i, parkbilsh, karzar. 

Confluence, Conflux, sangam, mel, 
(crowd) bhir : — of three sacred rivers, 
tribenl. 

To Conform, muwafakat k., (comply with) 
razTA.,kabul*. 

Conformable, mutabik, muwafik, yaksan. 



CON 

Conformably, hasb, muktaza, ba-mujib. 

Conformation, tarkib, banawat. 

Conformity, musbababat, mutabakat. 

In Conformity icith, hasb, ba-mujib. 

To Confound, pareshani., darham barham 
k., milana, (astonish) sarasima k. 

Confounded, (confused) darbam-barbam, 
gbabra,(o*<o)ijs/ifrf)hairan,sariisima,2072, 
(vexatiovS) sakbt, bbarl, katbin, mushkil. 

To be Confounded, gbabrana, 81, 1481. 

To Confront, sambna k., mukabalaXr. 

Making to CoNFRONT,(aj two armies) tatblk 

Confronting, (adj. )mnka.bi\, (subst.) 1931, 
(ado.) sanmukb, sambne. 

To Confuse, adli-badlIA-.,darham-barham k. 

Confused, (mixed) pachmel, barbam-dar- 
ham, makblut, (perplexed) pareslian, 
hairan, gbabra, mushauwisb. 

To be Confused, gbabrana, halbalana, 81. 

Confusedly, muztaribana. 

CoNFUSEDNESs, CoNFusioN, (mixttire) 
khalt, ikbtUat, (derangement) barhami, 
ulat-pulat, paresbani, (disturbance) gbau- 
gba, balwii, (disorder) khalal. 2174, 1392, 
(distraction)gh!ihra.hat, hairauT, 662, 1 272 : 
— in a general engagement, gbamraul : to 
get into — , usal-pusalj. 

Confutation, ilzam, ibtal, butlan. Trad (?). 

To Confute, radd *., ka'il k., datna. 

Confuted, mulzam, ka'il, la-jawab,mardud. 

To be Confuted, ilzam pana. 

Conge, dastiiri, rukhsat, saliim, kornish. 

To Congeal, (v.n.) jamna, (v.a.) jamana. 

Congealed, mujammad, 711, munjamid. 

To be Congealed, jamna, (dakh.) thijna. 

Congelation, jaman, jamawat, bastagi. 

Congenial, bam-jins, muwafik, yakrang. 

Conglomerated, tbakke ke tbakke. 

Conglomeration, guljbari. 

To CoNGLCTiNATE, jutana. 

To Congratulate, mubarak-bad kahna. 

Congratulation, mubarak-badl, tahniyat. 

Congredi cumfmmind, mubasharat, jima'. 

Congregation, Congress, maljfil, majlis. 

Congbessus, talle, chapti, cbarhna utarna. 

Congruity, tatabuk, liyakat, wafk, mel. 

Congruous, munasib, muwafik, la'jk, tbik. 

Conjectural, kiyasi, wahmT,. kbayali. 

Conjecture, atkal, takbmina. wahm, kiyas. 

By Conjecture, taUiminan. 

To Conjecture, atkalna, andaz *., kiyas k. 

To Conjoin (v.a.) wa?l*., paiwasta *., mi- 
lana, lagana, (v.n.) milna, jurna, lagna. 

Conjoined, karin, mutawa-sfil, makrun. 

Conjointly, sharakat se, bi-I-ishtirak. 

To Conjugate, tasrif *., gardanna. 

Conjugation, tajrif, gardnn. 

Conjunction, (joining) jam', jor, ittisal, 
paiwand, (m jrrommar) at.f: copulative — , 
hurf-i-ajf ; — of the planets, kiran, karn, 



CON 

sanjog : — of Jupiter and Venus, kiranu- 
-s-sa'dain : — of the sun and moora.ama- 
was, daras, dars. 

CoNJUNCTiVE.waslI: — joar/iWe, liarf-i-?ila. 

Conjunctively, milke, baham hoke. 

Conjuncture, ahdimauza", wasila, ittifiik. 

CoNJUKATiON, jadu-gari, sahiri, shu'bada. 

To Conjure, jadu k., chhuchhwilna, {im- 
portune) ilhah k., soiih dalna, binti i. 

Conjurer, jadu-gar, tonha, banha, gum, 
syana, sahir, hazirati -.female — , banhil'i. 

Conjuring, jadu, jantr-mantr, 813: — 
rod, latka. Connate, ham-zfid.' 

To Connect, {v. n.) milna, jurna, gathna, 
{v. a.) jornii, ganthna, wasl k., lagana. 

Connected, paiwasta, wabasta, karm,i839. 

To be Connected, alaka rakhna, lagna. 

Connexion, (junction) paiwand, jor, wisal, 
laga'0,1685, (relation) alaka, rabt, irtibat, 
ta'alluk, sambandh : to break off all — 
with a)ioiher,kala.m\iuh k. : to form a — , 
tikki lagilna : to have — with, ramna. 

Connexions, (adherents) wabastagan. 

Connivance, ightnaz, tajahul, 658, 873. 

To Connive, matiyana, ighmaz k. 

Connoisseur, wakif-i-hal, wakif-i-kar. 

To Conquer, jitnii, gtalib h., fatli *., 1819. 

CoNauERED, magMub : to be — fatli h. 

CoNftUERiNG the world, alam-glr. 

Conqueror, g-liazT, zafar-yab, ghalib, 1484. 

CoNauEST, fath, zafar, istila, taskbir, 1949. 

Consanguinity, karabat, saga'i, kbwesbi. 

Conscience, man, kbatir, zamir, (justice, 
honesty) i\y&naX, vca^u, nyaw, (scruple) 
khatra, andesha. 

Conscientious, diyanat-dar, Iman-dar. 

Conscientiousness, diyanat-darl, riist- 
-bazi, khuda-tarsi. 

Conscionable, ma*kul, rast-baz, sachcha. 

Conscious, agah, niikif, suchet,kbabar-dar. 

Consciousness, cbet, sudh, wukuf, khabar. 

TV) Consecrate, nazr*., sankalp k., niyazi. 

Consecration, sanskar, takdis, pratislitha. 

Consecutive, mutaradif, mutawatir. 

Consent, raza, kabiil, marzl, kaul, ijabat. 

To Consent, kabul k., manna, rilzT h. 

Consenting, raza-mand, ka'il, muttafik. 

Consequence, (result) natija, siddhant, 
(end) anjam, (weight) kadi-, wazn, i'tibar, 
(moment) muzayaka : of no — , na-chiz, 
na-kas, 2023. Consequent, mu'akhkbir. 

Consequently, li-baza. 

Conservation, mubafazat, lufaxat. 

Conserve. murabba: — o/"roses,gul-shakari. 

To Consider, bicbarna, sochna, dhyan k., 
(guess) atkalna, (suppose) janna, samajh- 
na : — maturely, dida kholna. 

Considerate, akibat-andesh, dhyanl. 

Consideration, bichar, ta'ammul, fikr, 
dhyan, ghaur, (importance) marjada, i'ti- 



CON 

bar, (estimation) shumar, (compensation) 
jaza, badla, iwaz, (motive) sabab, ba'is : 
anxious — , taraddud. 

Considering, (adj.) muta'ammil, mutafak- 
kir, (reflecting upon) hasb, (subst.) ta- 
fakkur. 

To Consign, sompna, tasllm k., dena, 967. 

Consigned, mutasallim : to be — , supurd h. 

Consignment, tasllm, tafwiz, supurd. 

To Consist, bona, maujud A., wujud pa- 
karna, banna. 

Consistence, Consistency, (congruity) 
shayastagi, liyakat, munasabat, (density) 
jamawat, bastagi, (stability) kiyfim. 

Consistent, (congruous) shayasta, la'ik, 
'rautabik, 1877, 2219, (firm) basta. 

Consolation, tasalll, taskin, dilasa. 

Consolatory, Consoler, gham-gusar. 

TVjConsole, tasalll rf. Consoled, mutasalli. 

To Consolidate, jamana, basta t., (v.n.) 
jamna. Consolidated, muta'akkid. 

Consolidation, jamawat. 

Consonance, mel, muwafakat, ittifak. 

Consonant, (adj.) muwafik, saz-kar. 

A Consonant, hai-f-i-sahlh, has, binjan. 

Consort, ham-sar:roya/ — ,padshab-begam. 

To Consort, milna, suhbat rakhna. 

Conspicuous, ayan, zabir, prakas, padid, 
mashhur, namud, numayan : to become 
or be — , sir karhna : to make — , nam d. 

Conspiracy, gosht, sazish, ittifak, bandish. 

Conspirator, hara-raz, baghi, mufsid. 

To Conspire, bandish bandhna, muttafik h. 

Conspiring, (ad/.) tuuttafik,(«Mi«<.)ta'awun 

Constable, dhalait. 

Constancy, (fidelity) wafa-dari, (perma- 
nence) pa'e-dari, wakf,istikamat,ustuwari, 
494, 750, (resolution) istiklal, dharas. 

Constant, ka'im, rasikh, sabit, 1899, 
(faithful) amin, wafa-dar, mamiin, (reso- 
lute) sabit-kadam, ka'im-mizaj : to be — 
in prayer, devotion, Sfc. lau lagana. 

Constantly, nit-nit, sada, hamesha, 2171. 

Constellation, akhtar, kaukab, nakhat. 

Consternation, ghabrahat, hairat, 712. 

Constipated, munkabiz. 

Constipation, bastagi, inkibaz. 

Constituent, (adj.) zati, jauharl. 

roCoNSTTTOTE, (ajO)902n<)mu'aiyan *. (esta- 
blish) banana, raukarrar k., thahrana. 

Constituted, muta'aiym, mansQb, 1800. 

CoNSTiTUTER, (subst.) munib, muwakkil. 

Constitution, (nature) mizaj,tabi'at, tab', 
sarisht, (state) shan, halat, (disposition) 
khaslat, adat, (government) band-o-bast, 
intizam, {institution) a'ln, kaniin. 

Constitutional, mizaji, 7.^i\, (legal) shar'i. 

To Constrain, zor k., (restrain) dabana. 

Constrained, majbfir, multazim, na-char. 

Constraint, majbiiri, jabr, iztirar, 1428. 
7 M 



CON 



2273 



To Constringe, sametna, (v. n.) sakorna. 
To Construct, banana, ta'mir i., naksha 

bandhna. 
Construction, bandish, sakht, banawat, 

ta'mir, (plan) naksha, (inyrammar) rabt. 
To Construe, (in gram.) rabt d., (explain) 

bayan k. 
CoNSUHSTANTiAL, ham-zat, ham-jins. 
Consubstantiality, ham-jinsi, ham-zatT. 
To Consult, (together) salah *., mash- 

warat/t., maslaliat i., (regard) lihazA., 

(a book) dekhna. 
Consultation, mashwarat, mushawarat. 
ToCoNSUME, (wa«<e)za'i' A., talaf A., pa'e- 

-mal *., (spend) sarf k., (bum) kbak k. 
To be Consumed, chat h., pachna. 
Consumer, Consuming, (adj.) mutlif. 
Consummate, piira, kamU, pakka, sakht. 
To CoNSUMMATE,piira *. ,nibahna, tamam *. 
Consummation, takmll, itmara, samapt. 
Consumption, talaf, galni, israf, (disease) 

chha'i, raj-rog, sill, sukh-chharl. 
Consumptive (diseased) masliil, madkfik. 
Contact, laga'o, misas : place of — , 1953. 
Contagion, sirayat, waba (?). 
Contagious, sari. 
To Contain, mushtamil h., rakhna, lenS, 

(restrain)ro]a\a.,tha.ma.a,(refrain)\aThezk. 
Contained, mundarij, mazmiin, dakhili. 
To be Contained, samana, antna, amana. 
Containing, (subst.) gunja'ish, (adj.) niu- 

lut, mushtamil, 1963. 
To Contaminate, ehhiit k., napak k. 
Contamination, laus, ehhut, aludagi, 162. 
To Contemn, ihanat k., hakir janna, 1086. 
To Contemplate, dhyan k., mushahada*. 
Contemplating, Contemplation, dhyan, 

mulaljaza, taralikub, bhavana, 664, 1877, 

(ad;.) mutaU', 1837. 
Contemplative, muta'ammil, mutafakkir. 
Contemporaries, ikhwan-i-zaman, akran. 
CoNTEMPORARY,mu'asir,ham-asr,hara-ahd. 
Contempt, ihanat, hikarat, subka'i, 1875. 
Contemptible, hakIr, adham, sifla, zalil, 

khwar, nii-chiz, mubtazal, lat-khora. 
CoNTEMPTiBLENESS, zalalat, khwarl, ziUat. 
Contemptuous, maghrur, mutakabbir. 
To Contend, larna, jhagarna, mukabalaX-. 
Contending, (subst.) larant, mukabala. 
Content, Contented, (adj.) asiida, khush- 

nud, razi, khursand, khush. ser-chashm, 

mustaghni, kani' : to be — , kana'at k. 
Content, Contentment, raza, kana'at, 

khushi, dil-khushl, asudagi, seri, santokh, 

972 : to one's heart's — , man-manta. 
719 Content, razi k., khush i., thamana. 
To be Content or Contented, razi A., 

chhakna, ji bharj'., kabul k. : — with a 

little, dam rakhna. 
CoNTENTioN,jhagra, bakhera, birodh,siteza. 



2274 



CON 



khusumat, mujadala, jhagra-ragril, {dis- 

pM<e)takrar, radd-badal, kaziya, mubahasa. 
Contentious, jang-jo, jhagralu, rarl. 
Contentiousness, jang-jo'i, siteza-jo'i. 
Contents, mazmim, mazamin, zimn, 1485. 
raifeo/ Contents, fihrist. 
Contest, munaza'at, bibad, jhag;ra, paikar, 

jidal : — in running, daura-dauri. 
roCoN'TEST,jhagarna,takrar*.,munazarai-. 
Context, karlna, ibarat, mazmun. 
Contexture, banawat, tarklb, sakht. 
Contiguity, paiwastagi, ittisal, kurb, kiran. 
Contiguous, muttasil, paiwasta, pas. 
Continence, parhez, lifat, ismat, zuhd. 
Continent, {adj.) parhezgar, afifa, pak-da- 

man, nemi, parsa, [mbst. land) dip, barr. 
Contingency, wuku", uriza, ittifak. 
Contingent, Irizi, ittifaki, nagaliam : — 

existence, imkan, 179. 
Continual, da'im, mudami : — ttse, mu- 



CoNTiNUALLY, nit, hamesha, ala-d-dawam. 

Continuance, Continuation, mudawa- 
mat, istimrar, muddat, raha'o, {duration) 
pa'edari, kiyam, subut, {perseverance) 
dhun, teha, istiklal. 

Continuative, istimrari. 

To Continue, {v.n.) rahna, jilna, thaharna, 
lag rahna, {last) der-pa h., bar-pa rahna, 
(p. a.) rakhna : — in one's usual practice, 
S(C,, rah rah chalna. 

Continuity, ilhak, ittisal. 

To Contort {v.a.) marorna, {v.n.) ainthna. 

Contortion, pechish, tab : — o/t/ie boivels, 



Contraband, kurk-pazir, mamnu , kurki. 

Contract, ahd, karar-dad, shart, kaul, {in 
writing) ikrar-nama, ahd-nama : — for 
tratisportation of goods, SfC, hunda-bhara. 

Vo Contract, {v.n.) simatna, sukarna,(».a.) 
sametna, sakorna,(/cssen)ghatana, tang*., 
mukhtasar k., {bargain) abd paiman k., 
shart. k., {get) pana, liasil *., {debts) utha- 
na : — friendship, ankh laganl, jl lagna, 
1058, 1 159, {in grammar) tarkhim *. 

Contracted, kashida, {bargaitied) mash- 
rut, ina'hid : to he — , simatna, mundnS. 

Contraction, simat, bastagi, {dakh.) an- 
kar, {abridgment) ikhtisar, sanchliepan, 
{in grammar) tarkhim, hazf. 

Contractor, mustajir, {for reaping) 580. 

To Contradict, zidd k., radd k., ulatna. 

Contradiction, mu'i'iraza, palta'o, tazadd. 

Contradictory, mukhtalif. na-muwafik. 

Contrariety, zidd, tazadd, khilaf, ar,i927. 

Contrary, {mbst.) aks,zidd, {adj.) mukh- 
filif, ulta, wazhgun, mughayir, ziddl : — lo, 
biruddha, khilaf, ala-r-raghm : on the — , 
bar-khilaf, bar-aks : to act — , makfana. 

Contravention, mukhalafat, ?idd, khiliif. 



CON 

To Contribute, dena, bakhshna, madad k. 
Contribution, chanda, mathaut, bihri. 
Contributor, madad-gar, mumidd, saha'i. 
Contrite, muta'assif. 
Contrition, inkisar, pachhtawa, nadamat. 
Contrivance, {invention) Ijiid, ikhtira', 
banawat, hikmat,(.scAeme)jugat,mansuba, 
tajwiz, {artifice) fann, fitrat, {plot) ban- 
dish, sazish. 
To Contrive, ijad k., bandhna, tajwiz k. 
Contriver, miijid, mukhtari , biiui. 
Control, zabt, siyasat, rok, muzahamat. 
To Control, zabti., tabi' k., man" k.: — an 

account, janchna, muhasaba lena. 
Under Control, zer-i-ran. 
Controller, gaun-gir, sarkob, nazir, da- 
rogha, amin, amil, nazim : — of accounts, 
mustaufi. 
Controversy, radd-badal, bahs-a-bahsl. 
To Controvert, radd k., jhutalna, larna. 
Controvertist, bahhas. 
Contumacious, be-adab, gustiikh, sar-kash. 
Contumacy, Contumaciousness, be- 

-adabl, gustakhi, dhitha'i, sar-kashi. 
Contumelious, bad-zaban, galhenda, da- 

rida-dahan. 
Contumely', Contumeliousness, shatm, 

bad-zabani, gali. 
Contusion, chot, mar. 
Convalescence, ifakat, shifa, nakahat. 
To Convene, {v.n.) milna, jam' h., {v. a.) 

jam' k., ektha k. 
Convened, mujtami". 
Convenience, Conveniency, {fitness) li- 
yakat, shayastagi, munasabat, maslahat, 
{ease) sukh, fursat, subhita, ni'mat, {ac- 
commodation) ghanlmat. 
Convenient {fit) munasib, musawi, wajib, 

thik, lazim, suthra, {easy) asan, sukhi. 
Convent, (//m(?M) math, {Christian, Sfc.) 

khankah, da'ira. 
Convention, {assembly) majlis, jama'o, 
{agreement) ashti, paiman, ahd o paiman. 
Conversable, batuniya, khush-gap. 
CoNVERSABLENESs,bat-kaha'o,ma'kiil-go'I 
CoNVERSANT,(ac?«am/e(?) khabar-dar,asli- 
na, mahir, {experienced) iizmuda, tajriba- 
-k5r, kar-karda, wikif-kar. 
Conversation, {talk) bat-chit, jawab-su- 
wal, guft-gu, bol-chal, kil kal, {inter- 
course) mulakat, ikhtilat, amad-raft, suh- 
bat, ashna'i. 
Nightly Conversations, asmar, samar. 
To Converse, bolna-chiilnii, bat-chit k. 
Conversing together, {adj.) ham-kalam. 
Conversion, {change) taklib, {to God) ina- 

bat. tauba. A Convert, nau-murid. 
To Convert, {turn) paltana, {apply) laga- 
nfi, {to some religion) mundnii, din men 
dakhil *. Converted, gardida, maljliib. 



COP 

Converter, mukallib. 
Convex, gumbazi, mihrabi, muhaddab. 
To Convey, pahunchana, lejana, {transfer) 
hiba k. , dena, hawale k. , {impart) batlana. 
Deed o/Conveyance, danpattar, kabala. 
Means of Conveyance, bar-bardari. 
Convict, Convicted, gnnahgar, multazim. 
ToCotivicT,{confute)ka.'il k., {prove guilty) 
gunah-gar thahrana, mulzim k. : — one 
by his own arguments, 473. 
Conviction, {finding guilty) Hzam, {fixing 

belief) tayakkun, subut, i'timad. 
To Convince, samjhana, ka'ili. 
Convinced, mulzam : to be — , ilzam pana. 
Convivial, milansar. 
Conviviality, khilta. 
Conundrum, jugat, chutkula. 
To Convocate, Convoke, bulana, jam' k. 
Convocation, da'wat, ijtima', sabha. 
Convolution, bal, maror, maror, murha. 
Convolvulus argenteus, samudr-sokh : — 
batatas, shakar-kand, alu, {dakh.) ratan- 
-alu : — repens, kalmi : — turpethum, 
{root of) tnrbad, turbid. 
Convoy, badrika. 

To Convoy, himayat k., pahunchana. 
To Convulse, marorna, akrana. 
Convulsed, barham-zada, {diseased) inu- 

tashannaj. 
Convulsion, barhaml, {disease) tashannuj. 
To Coo, {as a dove) gutakna, ghatar-ghiin k. 
CooiNG,kukQ,taghanm,(rfaiA.)ghatar-ghiin. 
Cook, bawarchi, raso'iya, pachak, tabbakh, 
{dakh.) babarchi, bhatyara : woman — , 
bawarchin : head or chief — , bakawal, 
mir-matbakh. 
To Cook, pakana, randhna, rindhna,banana. 
Cooked, matbukh, pakka, tabikh, nazij. 
To be Cooked, pakna. 
Cooking, (swis/.) n\u\,{adj. in compos.)paz: 

— utensil, mitbakh. 
Cook-room, bawarchi-khana. matbakh. 
Cool, sital, slla, sira, shital, thanda, sard, 
khunuk : — room for summer, sard-aba. 
To Cool, {v.n.) thanda h., {v.a.) thanda A., 
sard A., serana, (myer) pitta mama : — 
7varm water with cold, samona. 
To be Cool, {as with a friend) ruthna. 
Cooler, (in med.) tabrid, {vessel) kundiilii. 
CooLEY, {slave, labourer) kull. 
Coolness, thand, thandak, khunuki, sardi, 
burudat,(ietoecn/nV»(fe)ikhtilaf,rukha'i, 
bad-mazagi, be-mazagi, tut, sard-mihri. 
To Co-operate, muttafik h. 
Co-operator, muttafik. 
Coot {water-foivl) pandubbi, zagli-i-abi. 
Copal, {dakh.) chandras, 893. 
Copartner, sharik, sajhi, bakhrait. 
Copartnership, sharakat, siljha. 
Cope, clihat, sakf. 



COR 

To Cope with, barfibiirl *., mukabala k. 
Copied, raankul, nakli. 
Copier, kiitib, nasikh. 
Coping of a wall, munder, mukhS. 
Copious, firawan, wafir, mutawaffir, kasir. 
CopiousNESs,bistar, bahutat, wufur, kasrat. 
Copper, tamba, tama, mis, (the vessel) Ae%, 
handa : — colour, {in pigeons) tambra : 
— coloured, chama'i : enamelled — , tam- 
-chTnl: made of — , misi. 
Copperas, zaj, tfitiya, (dakh.) hira-kashish. 
Coppersmith, mis-gar, thathera. 
Copse, Coppice, jhiiri, jhalar, janglii. 
To Copulate, {v. a.) jornii, milana, lagana, 
(w. n.) mubasharat k., peti larna, chodna. 
Copulation, jima", mubasharat, chuda'i. 
Copulative, waslT : — conj., harf-i-atf. 
Copy, nuskha, nakl, chhap, {or duplicate) 
musanna : lines or — for writing, sar- 
-mashk, mashk -.foul, or first, or rough — , 
taswid, musauwada. 
To Copy, likhlena, nakl*., {enter in a book) 

daij k., {imitate) hiska k., pakarna. 
Copying, {subst. imitating) nakl, hiska. 
Copyist, likhn!-das. 
To CoauET, matakna, adai., ithlana. 
CoauETiSH, itar. Coquetry, ishwa-garl, 
chochla, ada, ighmaz, jhanwil, haw.nakhra. 
CodUETTE, ishwa-gar, naz-pesha, 
CoRACiAS, dahel, sabzak, katnas : — beu- 
galensis, nll-kanth, 1 8 1 : — mdzca, maina. 
Coral, miinga, marjan, bussad, 1715: child's 
— , chSsnl, chhaguni, matkl : of — , mar- 
jam : r^ed-coloured — , mungiya. 
CoRCHORUS capsularis, nircha, pat : — 

fascicularis, pat : — olitorius, pat. 
Cord, je'ora, rassi, habl, dam, rasan, dor : 
— /<"■ fastening bedding to the bedstead, 
sej -band : — for twisting a horse's lip, Sfc. , 
puz-mal : — used instead of a bridle, dha- 
thiya, dhattl : — worn by the three first 
classes of Hindus, upavlt, jagopabit. 
CoRDiA, gondl ; — latifolia, bara lasorii : 
fruit of — myza, bahu'ar, labera, lasora. 
Cordial, {strengthening) mukauwi, mufar- 
rih, {sincere) dili, sadik : a — , dawa-i- 
-mukauwi. 
Cordiality, garm.joshi, be-riya'i, sacha'I. 
Cordon, kardhamii, kardhani. 
Cordovan, amban. 

Cords for tying game to a saddle, shikar- 
-band, fitrak, sarak : — of a bahangi, 
chhinka, sikhar. 
Core, daruna : — of a boil, kjl. 
Coriander, kotmir, kothmir, {dakh.) dhan- 

yan : — seed, dhaniya. 
CoRiANDRUM sativum, kothmir, kothimir. 
CoRiNDA, {a fruit) karonda. 
A CoRK,thepi, thenthl, datta,dhattha,i027. 
Cormorant, chuhe-mar, mahi-khwar. 993. 



COR 

Corn, (grain) ghalla : a — , dana, kan : — 

on the toe, (dakh.) ghatta: standing — , 

(dakh.) pair, rop : unripe — cut for the 

food of cattle, chart : — grinder, dakkak. 

Cornelian, akik. 

Corner, gosha, kona, kona, kunj, taraf, za- 
wiya, alang, khunt, (of the eye) dumbal, 
kii'a, (of the lip) bachh, (of a room, S(c.) 
kaulfi. Cornered, kona-dar. 
Cornet, (musical instrument) kama'e. 
Corn-field, mazra', khet. 
Cornice, kangnl, kagar, (dakh.) nab. 
Corolla of afiower, (dakh.) dandi. 
Coronation, raj-tilak, abhishek (.'), julus. 
Coronet, taj, mukut. 
Corporal, (OT(is/.)nayak: — anrf «>,pahrii. 
Corporation, mandali, jama'at, guroh. 
Corporeal, jismani, sariri. 
Corps, (body of forces) ghol, farik. 
Corpse, lash, murda, loth, sav, mritak, 794. 
Corpulency, jasamat, motapa, 776, 1982. 
Corpulent, jasim, mota, tondail, tanawar. 
Correct, saljlh, saricha, durust, suddh. 
To Correct, (amend) islah k., thik k., sa- 
hib k., sadhna, (chastise) tambih k., 
changji banana : to be — , sudhama. 
Correction, (amendment) tas'hili, islah, 

sodh, (punishment) tadib, tambih, saza. 
Correctness, silihat. Corrector, muslih. 
To Correspond, milnii, barabar A., thik A., 

(to ansiver) mukabil h., jawab h. 
Correspondence, (equality) mutabakat, 
barabari, 19,57, 1513, {by letter) khatt-i- 
-kitabat, 608, (m<CT-coMrse)alaka,ta'alluk, 
rah-rasam. 
Correspondent, Corresponding, muta- 
bik, 1957,308. Corresponding, (subst.) 
by letter, mukatabat, 698. 
To Corroborate, (confirm) sabit k., tik- 
harna, (strengthen) takwiyat d., kfiwat d., 
sambhiilna. 
Corroborated, (a letter) mushaddad. 
Corroboration, takwiyat, istihkam, ta'Id. 
To Corrode, katna. 
Corrosive, tez, hadd, gala'!. 

sublimate, raskapiir. 

CoRROsivENESs,CoRROsioN,kata'o,hiddat. 
To Corrugate, jingurana. 
CoRRUPTjfisid, tabah,kharab, (rotten) sara. 
To Corrupt, kharab k., bigarna, (cause to 

rot) sarana, (bribe) rishwat d., ghus d. 
Corrupted, (rotten) muta'affin, (depraved) 

munfasid, (as a word) mukharrab. 
Corrupter, mufsid, bigarii. 
Corruptible, gal-har, fana-pazir, rish- 

Corruption, bosldagi, ufiinat, saran, 
(matter) pib, (depravity) daghal, khota'i, 
(filth) mail. 

Corundum stone, kurand, (dakh.) kurund. 



cov 



227.5 



CoRVus, (thirteenth mansion of the moon) 
hatliiya, 2l8l. 

Coruscation, laukii, chamak. 

CoRYPHA7/m4rac«/£/era,(«eef/»o/)bajr-battii 

CoRYZA.sudda. Cosmetic, gul-giina,uptan. 

Coss, kos, karoh or kuroh. 

Cost, mol, kimat, baha, lag, khareh. 

713 Cost, ana, parna, lagna, mol (uska) h., 
kimat (uski) h. 

Costive, pet-band. Costiveness, kabz. 

Costliness, besh-kimati, giran-baha'i. 

Costly, besh-kimat, besh-baha, giran-maya. 

CosTUs arabicus or speciosus, kut. 

Cot, (to sleep on) palang : — , Cottage, 
jhompri, chhappar, kulba, kutj, kutir, 
marhi, (dakh.) gursi. 

Cotemporary, ham-asr, ham-ahd, mu'a.«ir. 

Cotton, ru'i, pumba, kutn ; — tree, kapas : 
cleaner of — , kandera : coarse kind of — , 
semal, ghuwa : — dresser, naddaf : — 
dressing, naddafi : instrument for sepa- 
rating the seed from — , charkhi : made 
of — , pumba'i: — Sfc, put into an ink- 
stand, kursuf : quilted or stuffed with — , 
ru'i-dar : raw — , banga : red — satu- 
rated with red die, (dakh.) poti : rolls of 
—for spinning, puni : seller of — , ri'Iha : 
undressed — , kapas ; to clean — from the 
seeds, pinjna : made of — thread, suti. 

Silk Cotton tree, sembal. 

Couch, sej, palang, muttaka, kbat, 842. 

To Couch, (stoop) jhukna, (crouch) dabak 
baithna, (a spear) tolna, (an eye) pbulla 
nikalna. Cove, kol, khari. 

Covenant, shart.kaul, ahdopaiman, karar. 

To Covenant, ahd paiman k., shart. k. 

Covenanted, mmi'akid. 

Cover, dhapna, top, (sheath) gliilaf : — of 
a letter, ^c. , lifafa, zimn : /?(M/eioarrf — 
of a book, putha, dafti : — of a pot, chap- 
pan, dhakna, dhakni, sara, sarposh, 1412: 
— for the ckilam of a tiukka, chambar. 
To Cover, dhampna, jhampna, dhakna, 
dhankna, mundna, topna, (conceal) chhip- 
ana, (protect) bachana, (roof) patna, 
chhana, (as a book with leather or a drum 
with parchment) marhna, (a mare) bhara- 
na : to cause to — a book, Sfc, mandhwana. 
Covered, mastur, guhat, ibham, (a car- 
riage, &^c.) chhatrl-dar, (as a drum) 
madha, (with gold or silver) mughrak, 
(ivith grease and dirt) chikkat. 
To be Covered, dhapna, patna, (with blood) 

tar-ba-tar h. 
Covering, (subst.) satr, dhapna, poshish, 
ot, khor, (of abed) chhatri, (of a carriage 
or palkt) ghatatop, (of a pot) pali. 
Coverlet, balaposh, palang-posh, lihaf. 
To Covet, hirs *., lalachi., Ialchana,ii78. 
Coveting other men's goods, i'c, 298. 



2276 



COU 



Covetous, haris, hirsi, lalchi, lobhi, aghori. 

To be very Covetous, sonth ki nas na lena. 

CovETOUSNESS, hirs, tam', lalach, lobh. 

Covey, manda, mandan, jhol, jhund. 

Cough, khafisi, kas, surfa, (daih.) dhaas. 

To Cough, khansna, khonkhna, khasna. 

Coughing at nijAi, jag'har. CouLTER,nasi. 

Council, ijma", panch, panchayat, majlis. 

Privy Council chamher, bargah-i-khass. 

Privy or cabinet Council, diwan-i-khass. 

Counsel, nasihat, tadbir, salah, pand, ra'e, 
maslahat, upades, paramarsh, mata. 

To Counsel, maslaljat k., nasihat d., kahna. 

To take Counsel together, salah k. 

Counsellor, mushJr, nasih, mudabbir. 

To Count, ginna, shumar k. : — one's beads, 
bhajna, japna : to came — , ginwana. 

Countenance, muuh, chihra, bashara, pai- 
kar, ru, didar, kiyafa, manzar : {patron- 
aj?c)CouNTENANCiNG, Mmayat, tawajjuh. 

To Countenance, munh d., himayati. 

Countenancing, {adj.) mutawajjih. 

Counter, (piece at some games) got, muhra, 
nard, [numberer, dakh.) gananhara, {adj. 
or in compos.) khilaf, bar-khilaf. 

Tb Counteract, muklialafati.,ultabyapna. 

Counterfeit, taklldi, ja'li, mithya, libasl, 
khota, kalb, {cheat) dagba-baz, daghal, 
bhagliya : — dress, bhes, bhesh. 

ToCouNTERFEiTjtaklidi., bhagal*., (sham) 
bahana k. , (forge) libasl banana. 

Counterfeited, mukallad. 

Counterfeiting, taklid. 

To Countermand, hukm tabdil k., man" k. 

Counterpane, palang-posh, lil.iaf. 

Counterpart, tamsil, nakl, mukabil, mel. 

Counterscarp, artala, pushta. 

Counting, (subst.) shumar : — house, 
daftar-khana. 

Countless, be-shumar, anginat, anganit. 

Countries, bilad, mamalik. 

Country, (region) mulk, sar-zamin, diyar, 
mamlukat, nahiya, watan, wilayat, balad, 
des, lok, kisbwar, (in oppos. to town) be- 
runjat, mufas^al, sawad, nawah, dihat : 
belonging to one's — , mulki, watani : fo- 
reign — , bides, wilayat : native — , watan : 
of another — , na-balad. 

Countryman, ganwar, dibkani,kisan, kum- 
bl, (dakh.) khiralu -.fellow — , ham-watan. 

To have a Coup de soleil, lukna. 

Couple, juft, jugal, jora, jorl, 2auj. 

To Couple, (v. a.) jorna, bandhna, (marry) 
akd bandhna, gath-bandhan i., (v. n.) 
jurna, {as birds) jafti khana. 

Couples, (plur. of zauj, a couple) azwaj. 

Couplet, bait, doha, dobra. 

Courage, Courageousnes8, dilerl, shu- 
ja'at, jawanmardi, jur'at, ausan, sahas, 
jigar, kaleja. 



CRA 

Courageous, diler, jawanmai-d, surma, bir. 

Courageously, dilerana, dileri se, mardana. 

Courier, paik, harkara, kasid, dauraha. 

Course, (career) daur, dapat, 1088, (con- 
duct) chalan, chal-dhal, slrat, (manner) 
uslQb, tarah, tank, sabll, (progress) chal, 
rawish, raftar, (of a stream) baha'o, dhara, 
(series) silsila, sarrishta : of — , lihaza, 
mukarrar, be-shakk. 

7'oCouRSE,daurna,(/iMn<)khadema,ragedna. 

CocRSER,bad-pa,samand,gul-giin,shab-dez. 

Court, (palace) bargah, dargah, daulat- 
kbiina, darbar, (of inquiry) tibayat, (of 
justice) adalat, daru-1-adaIat, mahkama, 
kachahri, (of law) daru-sh-shar', {coun- 
cil) diwan-i-amm, diwan-i-khass, majlis, 
(yard) sabn, angan, chauk. 

To Court, (woo) ishk-bazl k., (dakh.) 
jhansna, (ask in marriage) mangni k., 
(solicit) darkhwast k., chahna: — friend- 
ship, lag-chalna : — punishment, 1268. 

Courteous, khusb-akhlak, nek-nibad, klia- 
lik, latif : — to strangers, gharib-nawaz. 

Courteousness, Courtesy, iltifat,a'obha- 
gat, ihsan, lutf, mudara, adar, khulk. 

Courtez AN.kanchani, ramjani, kasbl, khan- 
gi: — oflndra's heaven, arbasi, apsara. 

Courtier, nadim, darbarl, liuzurl, 237. 

Courtly, darbari. Courtship, ashiki. 

Cousin, (male) chachera bha'i, phuphera 
bba'i,khalatibha'i, 1993, 1955, 1989,994. 

, (female) chacheri bahin, phupheri ba- 

hin, khalatl bahin, 1993, 1955, 1989, 994. 

Cow, ga'e, gaw, go, gau, goru, dhenu: — 
that gives much milk, or that grants every 
thing requested, kam-dhenu : brown-co- 
loured — , kapila : gift of a — , gau-dan. 

To Cow, dhamkana, dabkanii, dabana. 

Coward, Cowardly, darpokna, na-mard, 
buz-dil, hetha, tars-nak, napunsak, 1546. 

Cowardice, na-mardi, buz-dili, 2205. 

Cow-dung, gobar, sargin, ban-gontha : 
cakes of — , chapri : dried — for fuel, 
pachak, arna, gontha, kanda, 1574, 1620: 
heap of the cakes of dried — , bitaura : 
images of — , siinjha, sanjhT. 

Cow-herd, Cow-keeper, ahir, gwal, gwa- 
la, (fern, gwalin) gopiU, baldiya, chaupan. 

Cow-house, Cow-shed, gau-siila, sar. 

Cowitch, kiwanch, kewanch, katol (.'). 

Cowl, kuliih, topT. 

Cowrie, (used as money) kauri, (single) bat. 

Coxcomb, (fop) banka, chhail-chikniya. 

, (flower) taj-i-kliuros, jatu-dhari. 

CoxcoMBiSH, banka, khiid-nuina,khi,id-bin. 

Coy, sharmlla, sankochi, 408, (dakh.) garti. 

7>)CozEN,farebd.,cbhalna, thagnil, daghfirf. 

Cozener, dagha-baz, farebl, ^hag, 631. 

Crab, (the fish) kekrii, keiikra, 983, gegta, 
{fish or sign) kark, karkat, saratan. 



CRE 

Crabbed, tursh, chirchira, tursh-rfi. 

Crabbedness, tursh-rii'i, tund-kho'i. 

Crack, (fissure) darar, phata, shigaf, bal, 
darz, shakk, (sound) karak, 1582, 2180. 

/;; a Crack, (rfaiA.) gbap-dane, gbarap-dane. 

To Crack, {burst, v. n.) phatna, tarakna, 
darakna, tasna, (break, v. a.) tarkana, 
pharna, darkana, (sound, v. n.) karakna, 
chatakna, charcbarana, (To Boast, q. v.) 
ghap mama, laf-zani k. : — a joke, tan 
torna, thattha k. : — a whip, chabuk 
phatkarna. 

Crack-brained, khushk-maghz. 

Cracker, (in fireworks) patakhii, tonta, 
(boaster, dakh.) ghappi. 

To Crackle, chatakhna, karakna, 486, 865. 

Cradle, gahwara, palna, pingura, mahd. 

Craft, (trade) hirfa, pesha, (fraud) da- 
gha, fitrat. 

Craftiness, makkaii, failsiifi, robahbazi. 

Craftsman, karigar, ahl-i-hirfa. 

Crafty, aiyar, failsiif, fitrati, (dakh.) gati. 

Crag, sring, dhang, arara, karara (?). 

Craggy, behar, iinch-nich, nasheb-faraz. 

To Cram, ghusana, pelna, antwana, thosna, 
thasna, thesna, melna, (a horse) galiyana. 

To be Crammed, thusna. 

Cramming and stuffing, 1 105. 

Cramp, akarba'I, tashannuj, (dakh.) ankar. 

To Cramp, (restrain) bandhna, rokna, 1 328, 
(v. n.) or To be Cramped, ainthua. 

Crane, (the bird) kulang, (dakh.) khulang. 
bagla (?), (the engine) dam-kala, (dakh.) 
malsut, 2083 : gigantic — , har-^ila : Nu- 
midian — , karkara. 

CRANiuM,kapal,khappar,khopri,kasa-i-sar. 

Cranny, darka, darz, darar, (dakh.) tarakh. 

Crape, kapar-dhiJ,1ahi (.'). 

Crapulence, khumar. 

Crapulous, maklimur. 

Crash, dhai-aka, bhadiik, karak, chatfik. 

To Crash, harharana, (dakh.) bharbhar k. 

Successive Crashes, karakar. 

Crashing noise, kharaka, (dakh.) dharal. 

Crat^va tapia, barun, varuna, bama. 

or JEgle marmelos, {fruit) bel, sTphal. 

Cravat, gulii-band. 

To Crave, chahna, mangnii, darkhiyast k. 

To Crave mercy, istighfar k. 

To Craunch, chabhat parna. 

Craw, pota, Iiausila, (dakh.) potha. 

Crawfish, jhingii (?). 

To Crawl, ringna, (asasnake, dakh.) sarsar 
chalnfi, (about on the knees as a child) 1743. 

To become Crazed, (dakh.) bhakna. 

CRAZiNESs,lchalal-i-dimagh,khushk-maglizi 

Crazy, Ijawass-bakbta, ba'olii, diwiina. 

To Creak, kharkharana, charcbarana, 1855. 

, (as a new shoe) marmariina. 

j Creaking, (subst.) kharkharahat. 



CRI 



CRU 



cue 



2277 



Cream, mala'i, sari, {dak/t.)dui ki chikna'i, 
{best part) tuhfa, lutf : — colour, tafta, 
622 : — coloured horse, boz, surkba : 
tvhipt — , namsh. 
Crease, chin, shikan, chunan, {dakh.) ghir. 
To Crease, chin dalna. 
To Create, paida k., khilkat k., sirajna. 
Created, makhluk, paida, afrlda, 1915. 
To be Created, paida h., khalk h., rachna. 
Creation, paida'ish, khilkat, afrinish, 993. 
Creator, khalik, kartar, kirdigar, afrldgar. 
Creature, makhliik, jantu, afrida, liaiwan. 
Creatures, khala'ik, makhlukat, ka'inat. 
Credential, dast-awez, sanad. 
Credible, mu'tabar, i'tibail, mu'tamad. 
Credit, {reliance) bharosa, bawar, i'timad, 
iman, {reputation) bharam, hurmat, i'ti- 
bar, {influence) ikhtiyar, {delay allowed 
for payment) nasi'a : on — , karzl. 
To Credit, {believe) manna, bawar k., 
{trust) bharosa k. To do Credit to, 
hurmat d. : to give — to, i'tibar rakhna. 
Creditable, {to be trusted) i'tibari, mu'ta- 
bar, {honourable) sazawar, mustahsan. 
CREDiTOR,wam-dar,byohariya,karz-khwah? 
Creek, kol, khal, {dakh.) khari. 
To Creep, rengna, ringna, {as a snake) sar- 

sarana, {as vines) phailna, baundna. 
Creeper, (p/ani) lata, bel, bel-buta, 1819. 
Creeping, {sensation) sursurahat : — ani- 
mals, hasharatu-1-arz, hawamm. 
Crepuscule, shafak, arun, saur. 
Cress, Cresses, halim, tezak, chansur, 

{garden) tara-tezak. 
Crest, turra, taj, mukut, kirit, {of a snake) 
phan, kafcha: — like that of the peacock, 
mor-mukut. To be Crest-fallen, dam 
kha j. or dam khil rahna. 
Crevice, darka, rakhna, shigaf, tarakh. 
Crew, guroh, bhir, {ship's) jahazi, laskar. 
Crick in the neck, gale ki akrahat. 
Cricket, jhilli, jhingur, shab-gir, {the 
^ame) go'e-chaugan : mole — , ghurghura. 
Crier, dhandhoriya, munadi : public crier 

to prayers, mu'azzin. 
Crime, gunah, taksir, pap, dosh, jurm,46o. 
CRiMiNAL,gunah-gar, taksir-war,papi,330. 
Criminality, gunah-gari, bad-kari. 
Crimpler, urtii-gar. Crimpling, urtu. 
Crimson, suha, {subst.) piyazi rang, 1512. 
To Cringe, chiiplusi k., samajat k., 977. 
CRiNGiNG/eWow, khaya-bardar. 
Crinum asiaticum et zeylanicum, 1299. 
Cripple, langra, pangii, lula, pangla. 
CRiSHNA,krishna,kishan, 1625, 1727,1726. 
CB.isisofadisease,'b-a\\nn,{height)\Ld.miX{'>). 
Crisp, churchura, kurkura. 
Critic, harf-gir, gauhar-sanj, mii-shigaf. 
To Criticise, khurda pakarna, zaban pa- 
karna, 954, {cetisure) dokhna. 



Criticiser, khurda-gir. 

Criticism, harf-giri, aib-jo'i, mii-shigafi. 

To Croak (a toad) turm turm k., {a raven) 

\i ka k. 
Crocodile, mhang,kumhir,ghariyal,magar. 
Crony, langotiyii yar, {dakh.) gari. 
Crook, {bend) bank, kham, {twist) bal, 
{hook) ankri, anksi, {shepherd' s) kham-dar 
lakri: to — , tirchhiina, terha k., kham- 
ana, lachana : to came to — , nihurana. 
Crookbacked, kubra, kiiz-pusht. 
Crooked, terha, ara, arbanga, tirchha, ban- 
ka, berha, benda, pech-dar, kazh, kaj, 
kham : — path, miir-pech ki rah. 
rowiHrfaioM^orraoTO Crookedly, makrana. 
Crookedness, kaji, terha'i, khami, akar. 
Crook-legged, {dakh.) phengra. 
Crop, (o/iirrfs) pota, hausila, (rfaAA.)potha. 

, {of a field, &(c.) zira'at, kheti, kata'u. 

To Crop, {cut) chhantna, katna, tarashna. 
Cropped hair, life. Cropping, {manes, 

Sfc.) babri. 
Cropsick, khammar, 1867. 
Cropsickness, nasha. 
Cross, {subst.) salib, chalipa, {vexation) 
tasdi', hfidisa, afat, {adj. perverse) mach- 
la, magra, hathi, {peevish) chirchira, 
{transverse) ara, tirchha, {dakh.) ar, ken- 
chi, {adverse) mukhalif, ulta, aundha, {ill- 
-iempered) kaj-mizaj. 
St. Andrew's Cross, kainchi. 
To Cross, {pass over) utarna, par k., niingh- 
na, tairna, {thwart) ha'il h., man" k., 
arna, rokna, {cancel) kalam khinchna, kat 
d.. To be Cross, machalna. 
Crossing a river, {subst.) utara, ubur, 466. 

their teeth in fight, {elephants) 903. 

Crossness, {perverseness) hath, {peevish- 
ness) chirchirahat, {opposition) zidd, aks. 
Cross-road or way, char-sii, chau-raha. 
Cross-tempered, kaj-tab*, kaj-mizaj. 
CROTALARiAjwrecra, san, {dakh.) bichu'a. 
Croton tiglium, jamalgota. 
To Crouch , dabakna, dabak baithna,biichna. 
Crow, kawwa, kag, zagh, ghurab, {of a 
coci)bang: iron — ,kadima,(rfaiA.)sabbal. 
Crowd, bhir, izdiham, amboh, jama'o. 
To Crowd, bharna, 791, jam' k., {set 

close) ghana k. 
Crowded, gach-pach, thasa-thas, 1750. 
Crowding, {subst.) chapkaBsh, dhawa. 
To be collected in Crowds, tiit-parna. 
Crowing of a cock, bang. 
Crown, taj, mukut, kulah, afsar : — of the 
head, chand, chandi, tatri, tant, chandiya. 
To Crown, taj rakhna, {adorn) raunak d., 

{finish) tamam k. 
Crowned, taj-dar, mukallal. 
Crucible, b&ta.ghariya, 1559, (rfaW.) mus. 
Crucified, maslub. 

7 N 



Crucifix, ?alib, {dakh.) sulb. 

Crucifixion, taslib, salb. 

To Crucify, ta»in> k. 

Crude, kham, kachcha. 

Crudeness, kacha'i, 975. 

Crudity, {indigestion) ajiran, bad-liazmi. 

Cruel, katar, nithur, be-rahm, be-dard, be- 

-mur&wat, be-pir, sang-dil, saffak, sakht. 
Cruelty, be-rahmi,be-muriiwati,nithura'i. 
Crumb, {inner bread)ga(ii, (/;ar<ic/e) tukra. 
roCRUMBLE,(».M.)churA.,()).a.)chiirchuri. 
To Crumple, chinlena, {v. a.) misna, 1060. 
Crupper, dumclii. 
Crush, daba'o, {dakh.) tQt. 
To Crush, masalna, bhichna, kuchalna, 

chQr-chiir k. : — to death, daba mamii. 
To be Crushed, chapna ; — to death, dab- 

Crust, {as of bread) papra, post, (hmk) 
chhilka, kishr : to gather a — , {v. n.) 
mail baithna. 

Crutch, lathi, asa, 449, {jogi's) pha'ori. 

Cry, {call) pukar, hSnk, {scream) chilia. 
hat, {shout) na'ra, {mise) shor, kharosh : 
ready to — , ro'asa. 

To Cry-, {call out, &fc.) pukarna, bang 
mama, dhah mama, rambhna, {scream) 
chillana, chikhna, chinagna, {dakh.) aid- 
ana, {as a child) ririyana, {sob) kuk mar- 
na, bisiirna, bilakna, {out for aid or jus- 
tice) faryad k., {out for mercy) trahi 
trahi k., {weep) rona, giriya k., tusakna, 
{weep bitterly) dha'en dha'en rona, da- 
pharna, dakrana, {as an animal) bolna, (a» 
an elephant) chingharna : to cause — , ru- 

Crying, {subst. weeping) rodan, ro'a'i, gi- 
riya, kQk, {dakh.) ro-a-rot : — out, na'ra, 
bang, faryad, pukaran : addicted to — , rona. 

Crystal, billaur, phatak : made of — , 
billauri. 

Crystalline sphere or heaven, 865, 1964. 

To Crystallize, kalam k. 

Crystallized, kalami. 

Cub, pills, bachcha. Cube, shashdar, ka'b. 

Cube of a measure called hms, chauka. 

Cubebs, kabiiba, kabab chini, {dakh.) 1063. 

Cubit, hath, dast, zira', hast. 

Cuckold, zan-jalab : contented — , daiyis. 

Cuckoldom, zan-jalabi. 

BlackCvcKoo, Cvcv Lvsindicus, pik, syam, 
kokil,koyal: — castaneics, mahokha: — 
melanoleucos, chatak. 

Cucumber, kliira, khiyar, badrang, kakri. 

CucuMis acutangulus, tura'i, jhinga : — co- 
locynthis, indrayan : — madraspatanus, 
send : — melo, kharbiiza, kharbuza, khar- 
puza : — momordica, phiiti, phiit : — sa- 
tivus, balam khira : — utilissimus, kakri. 

Cucurbita citrullus, tarbuz, tarbuz : — 



2-278 



CUR 



hispida, mittha, kailu : — lagenaria, 
tomra, kadfi, ghiya, 2178: — melopepo, 
mithi kaddii : — pepo, kadima, kamrha. 

Cud, jugali : to cheui the — , piigurana, 779. 

Cudgel, lath, lakut, sonta, bandj, chob. 

To Cudgel, kuBdi *., kutna, lathiyana. 

one's brains, kapali-kriya k. 

Cudgel p/ayer, lakar-baz : — playing, \y8g. 

CuDGELLER, pate-baz, patait. 

Cudgellixg, lath-bazT, patel, phnl-hatha. 

Cue, {of hair) choti, chontla, (hint) ishiira. 

Cuff, (slap) tamacha, thappar, chatkana. 

, (of a sleeve) kos, muhrl, astla. 

To Cuff, dhauUyana, tamancha jarna. 

Cuirass, baktar, jaushan. 

Cuirassier, baktar-posh. 

To Cull, chug lena, chunna, chhan lena. 

Cully, chutiya-shahid. 

Culm ofAndropogon mnricatum , sink, 1371. 

Culpable, taksir-war, mujrim, aparadhl. 

Culprit, gunah-gar, gunah-gar, papi, asaml. 

To Cultivate, upjana, {improve) sanwarna. 

Cultivated, abad, ma*mur : — land, jot. 

Cultivation, Culture, jot, zira'at, khetJ, 
kheti-barl, (i»y;rorCTMe«<) iQiarat, abadani. 

Cultivator, kishtkar, kumbi : — of rice, 
dhanba. 

Cumbersome, bhari. sakht, kathin, mushkil. 

Cumin seed, Cuminum oyminum, jira, zira, 
zira, sufaid zira, kammun. 

Cunning, {adj.) pakka, syana, sath, fitratl, 
aiyar, makkar, chatur, haft-rangi, failsuf, 
{mbsl.) aiyari, thag, robah-bazi, syan, 
fitrat, failsufi, {dakh.) shan-pat, gat. 

CuNNiNGNESs,rasika'i:«eeCuNNiNG(*MAs<.) 

Cup, tas, piyala, siighar, jam, ayagh, kasa, 
abkliura, sarwa, ka'b, katora, kadah, 
kulhra, {for a bird in a cage) thola, {for 
cupping) singi : — of a cocoa-nut shell, 
nariyali ; — made of a leaf folded, putT: 
— with a cover, life., 1520 : beggar's — , 
chammal, kashkol, kachkol : earthen — 
vsed by jog'is, khappar : small — for chil- 
dren, chhonchhi. 

To Cup, {medicinally) singi lagana. 

Cupbearer, saki, bakawal, sakka. 

Cupid, kam-dew, kama-deva, kiim, manasij. 

Cupidity, hauka, hirs, lobh, hawas, shauk. 

Cupola, kubba, gurabaz, tak, {kind of) 
ja'fari. 

Cupper, hajjam. Cupping, hajamat. 

Cupping glass, slngl. Cur, lend!. 

Curb, (cAam)zanjir, {restraint) rok, atka'o. 

CuRCULiGO orchioides, siyah mu?li. 

Curcuma angustifolia, (a starchy substance 

from the root of) tikhur : — tonga, zard- 

-chob, hard , haldi, pit-ras : — reclinata 

or zerumbet, kachur : — zedoaria, jad- 

war, {dakh.) ambi-haldi : — zerumbet. 



CUR 

CuRD,chakka,chhena. To Curdle, bilagna. 
Curds, Curdled milk, dahl. 
Curdy, anthl-dar. 

Cure, {remedy) ilaj, chara, upa'e, tadanik, 
{restoration to health) shii^, aram, sihhat : 
complete — , shifa-i-kulli : miraculous — , 
i*jaz-i-masiha'i. 
To Cure {the patient) achchha *., tandu- 
rust k., changa *., ilaj k., (a disease) dur 
k., raf k., dawa k. : — with salt, na- 
mak malna. 
Cured, changa. CuRiNG,mudawat,mu'alaja 
Curiosities, tuhfajat,aja'ib o ghara'ib.b'ss. 
Curiosity, {rarity) saughat, tuhfa, 23, {in- 
quisitiveness) raghbat, tajassus, hawas, 
{dakh.) dhunda-dhundl. ■ 
Curious, (inyM!«77!W)raghib,khojiya, (rare) 
badi", nadir, anutha, {elegant) nazuk, tur- 
fa, {nice) waswasi, {droll) ajib, bhala. 
Curl, zulf, gesu, khara, shikan, kakul. 
To Curl, kuntUi banana, tab d., pech d. 
Curled, kham-dar, muja'ad: — hair, 1758. 
Curlew, {kind of) karakul, {dakh.) 557. 
Curling. CuRLY.kliamdarkham, kham-dar 

■ locks, zulf-i-tabdar. 

Curmudgeon, kanjus, shum, bakhil. 
Currants, kishmish, munakka. 
Currency, (passing, custom) rawaj, chalan. 
Current, (passable, customary) murau- 
waj, rawaj, ra'ij, jari, chalan: — coin, 
hiili, sikka : (stream) dhara, sail, prabah, 
nahr, 1272, (flowing) jari, rawan : — 
speech, mubawara : — of wind, jhoka : 
not selling or passing — , kasid : to make 
— , rawaj d., rawan k. 
Currier, chamfir, dabbagh, dab-gar. 
Curry, (the dish so called) siilan, salna. 
Curry stuff, (dakh.) biswai-, 335. 
To Curry, (leather) kauiana : — favour, 

thuddi pakarna, khaya sahlana, 599. 
Currycomb, kharahra, kharkhara, 1652. 
Curse, sarap, la'nat, la'n, bad du'a, kosa, 
dhikkar, phitkar, (calamity) afat, ghaxab, 
bala, wabal, bhat : — on it, phit phit. 
To Curse, kosna, sariipna, phitkarna, la'- 
nat k., bad du'a d., (afflict) afat dalna. 
Cursed, mal'un, dhikkari, la'nati, la'in. 
To he Cursed, bhat parna, mal'i'in h. 
Onewhose CiiRSESprevail, saif-zabiin, 1361. 
Cursorily, yufihin, mujmalan. 
To Curtail, fichtisar k., katna. 
Curtailing, Curtailment, 63. 
Curtain, parda, hijab, antarpat, 1271, (in 
fortif cation) aptala : — Aung before the 
bride, bajla. 
Curtains (of a bed or musquito) raasahri. 
Curve, Curvature, bank, bank, pher. 
Curved, Curve, Curvated, kaj, terha, 

khamida, kham, khamdar, munhani. 
To Curve, terha k., kham k., damfina. 



CYN 

Cuscuta reflexa, akas-pawan. 

Cushion, gaddi, farsh, takiya, usisa, balish. 

Custard apple, at, sita-phal, sharifa, nona. 

Custody, hifazat, nigahbani, amanat, rakh- 
wall, (imprisonment) kaid, habs, band. 

Custom, (habit) adat, kho. khaslat, te'o, 
chat, mu'tad, chaska, shewa, shi'ar, wa- 
tira, (fashion, practice) rasm, dastur, 
ma'mul, rit, ka'ida, rawaj, chalan, a'in, 
pesha, achar, rawish, rawiya, charitr, (tax) 
mahsul, kar, khiraj : according to — , ba- 
-dast&r : to establish a — , rah dalna. 

Customarily, ba-dastlir. Customary, 
dastiiri, ra'ij, rawaj, ma'muli, rasmi, mu- 
rauwaj, 1560: to moke — , rawaj d. 

Customer, jajman, kharidar, (dakh.) warki. 

Custom Aowi'e,chabutara. Customs, rusum. 

Cut, Qoar<.)burida, maksur, mukarraz, mu- 
katta', (subst.) kat, tarash, chira, zakhm, 
(of a coat, Sfc.) kat" : — into angles, (as 
glass) almas-tarash : — off, munkati" : — 
or rent in cloth, S\-e., khonch : — or 
stroke with the broad sword or cudgel, 
gha'i : — with a sword to take off the ad- 
versary's hand, hath-kati. 

To Cut, katna, katana, kat" k., tarashna, 
badhna, kalam *., katama, 1556 : — off, 
kat dalna, (a letter) hazf k. : — out, kat' 
k., byontna, tarashna, kat kut k., 455, 
1553. 1554 ■■ — '*« ftoir, kainchi k. : — 
to pieces, kachiimar kar dalna : — the 
society of any one, kati-akar chalna : — 
up, katama. 

To be Cut, katna, kat rahna, tarashna : — 
off, mara^'., munkati" h., kat rahna. 

To cause to Cot, katana, katwana. 

Cuticle, chhewur, jhilli, chliilka, chamra. 

Cutlass, khanda,nimcha, talwar,shamsher. 

Cutler, sakkak, kardgar, lobar, (dakh.) 
Ihowar : business of a — , sakkaki. 

Cutpurse, jeb-katra, kisa-bur, gath-kata. 

Cutter, katne-wUa, katu, (boat) ek kism 
kT tez-rau kishti : — and polisher of pre- 
cious stones, hakkak. 

Cut-throat, khiin-rez, thag, bat-par. 

Cutting, (subst.) katan,katran, (slip, chip) 
chhantan, (adj.) kati", burran, (in com- 
pos.) tarash : — behind in walking (a 
horse) kulanj : — com at harvest, dirau : 
— instrument, mikta* : — off, lop, (a 
letter or syllable) hazf: — out, katar- 
-byont, tor-jor, byont : price paid for — 
out, katrii'i : (piece cut off) taiasha : sea- 
son for — the grain, katni : — the four 
legs of an animaloffat one blow, chaurang. 
Cuttings of trees, Sfc, for planting, kalam. 
Cuttle/«A, (daAA.) sinpi. Cycle, dauriin. 
Cylinder, sutun, danda, (dakh.) mut. 
Cymbal, jhaiijh,tal, manjira, 1854, 623. 
Cynical, tursh-ru, rukhfi, durusht. 



DAN 

Cynodon dactylon, iuh. 

Cynoglossum, lisanu-1-kalb. 

CvNOSURUs corocanus, manru'a, ragi : — 
junci/olius, jhata. 

Cyferv s junci/olim, jhata mas : — perle- 
nuis or juncifotiuSy nagar-motha: — ro- 
tnndus, motha : — textilis, {dakh.) kora : 

— tuberosuSf kaseru. 
CvpRMAmoneia, kauri. kliar-muhra, (dakh.') 

gawwa. Cypress, {tree) sarv, sahi, 
Cyprinus, (a sort of carp) darhi : — chry- 
soparehts, ponthi : — dejiticulaius, rohu : 

— sophore, saphari. 

Cytisus eajati, arhar, shakhul, tu'ar. 



To Dab, chuparna. Dad, Daddy, baba. 

Daffodil, nargis, abhar, harhaft. . 

Dagger, katari, khanjar. jamdhar, 607. 

To Daggle, (dakh.) lirna. 

Daily, rozana, yaumiya, rozmarra : — ac- 
count, khata : — account-book, roz-nam- 
cha, roz-nama : — allowance of food, Sfc, 
khuraki, ratib, rozana, yaumiya : — con- 
versation, rozmarra : — food or bread, 
petiya, khurak, rizk, yaumiya, rozl, ka- 
faf : — pay, rozma, yaumiya, ulufa, 1436: 
— transactioiu or proceedings, rozmarra. 

Dainties, chattlia, charb ghizii, taha'if. 

Daintiness, khush-khiiraki, nazakat. 

Dainty, khush-za'ika : a — , tul.ifa. 

Dais, manch. 

Dalbergia sisu, sTso, shlsham. 

Dalliance, bos o kinar, chah ochoz, ra'o- 
-cha'o, 910. To Dally, (delay) deri *., 
(fondle) ra'o-cha'o *. 

Dam, ma, mata, (embankment) bandh. 

Damage, nuksan, ttalal, khisarat, (hurt) 
chot, ziyan, tota, (fine) dand, jarlmana. 

To Damage, bigarna, nuksan pahunchana. 

Damaged, satyanasl : to be — , bigarna. 

Damask, khes. Dame, bIbT, (daih.) 766. 

To Damn, thaprt mama, la'nat k. , tali mama. 

Damnable, la'natT, phitkari, karlh. 

Damnation, la'nat, phitkar, dhikkar. 

Damned, la'natl, dhikkilri, mal'fin, dozakbi. 

Damp, (adj.) nam, namnSk, sila, tar, sard. 

Damp, Dampness, sll, sir, nami, tarl, 1434, 
(dejection) udasi, dil-glri, (vapour) bu- 
khar, baph. 

To be or grow Damp, pachpachana, bhigna. 

To Damp, (wet) martiib k., (deject) bujh- 
ana, dilglr *., (quench) bujhana, (abate) 
ghatana, kam k. 

Damsel, saheli, jubati, all, all, nayaka. 

Dance, nach, nanch, raks, (kind of) 523. 

To Dance, nachna, nanchna, jhamakna, 
nirtna, 577, 711 : — attendance, pichhe 



DAT 

parna, tana bana k., tahal lagani : to 
make — , nach naehana, nirtana : to make 

— after one, jhulana, (824). 
Dancer, nachwaiya, bhakt, rakkas,nrityak. 
Dancing, raks, 626 : — after, awa-ja'i : 

— attendance, era-pheri : — boy, bach- 
kanii, bhagtiya, 1151 : — girl, kanchanl, 
ramjani, patur, huraknl, chuna-pazni : 
person well conversant in — , Sfc, nayak. 

To Dandle, kudana, khilana, halrawna. 

To came to Dandle, kudwana. 

Dandruff, bafa. 

Danger, khatar, jokhim, mukbatara, bim. 

Dangerous, kliatar-nak. 

Dangerousness, khatarnakl. 

To Dangle, (v. n.) latakna, 825, (v. a.) 
tangna, jhulana. 

Dapper, giichcbha, mandara, nata. 

Dapple, kabrii, ablak, gunagiin. 

To Dare, jur'ati., (defy) lalkarna, dhirana. 

DARiNG,(a^".)diler,dhTth, jan-baz,himmati, 

, DARiNGNESS,dileri, jur'at, bahadurl. 

Dark, Darksome, andhera, tarik, tira, 
(obscure) mughlak, (gloomy) udas, af- 
surda, (black) kiila, siyah : Dark co- 
loured, (horse) shab-rang, mushki, ad- 
ham : — complexioned, kaljahwaii : — 
half of a month, badi, krishn-pachh : — 
night, daj, 1113: — room, andheri ko- 
thri: of a — or sallow complexion, sihwla. 

To Darken, andhera k., (sully character) 
dagh liina, kalank lagaua, (grow dark) 
andhyara hojana, (overspread) chha lena. 

Darkness, Dark, andhyara, andhera, (ab- 
struseness) igjilak : see Blackness. 

Darling, larla, azTz, chahita, lal, pyara. 

Darn, rafu. To Darn, rafu k., bbar d. 

Darnel, talkh-dana. Darner, rafii-gar. 

Darning, rafu, rafu-gaii. 

Dart, neza, barchhi, bhalii, ballam, 1370. 

To Dart, phenkna, dalna, (v. re.) chalna. 

Dash, (blow) patak, zarb, takkar, (line) 
laklr, (dakh.) ghir, likbir, (shovj) namud. 

To Dash, patakna, de mama, patkaraa, 
pitna, jharna, (sketch, write) chithama, 
(blot out) kat dalna, (mix) amekhta k. : 
— or throw water, chhapkana. 

To be Dashed against any thing, takkar 
khiina : — to pieces, chakna-ehur A. 

Dashing, (waves, Ifc.) mutalatim. 
Dastard, Dastardly, daralu, darpokna. 
Date, (lime) tarikh, (phir. tawarikh) miti, 
(fruit) chhuhara, khurma, tamr, khajur : 
spot on the back of a — stone, nakTr : 
thin pellicle on a — stone, kitmir : — 
tree, khajur, nakhl : juice of the wild — 
tree, sendhl. Dated, tahrir. 
Dative, maf ul, maf ul bihi. 
Datura, madan : — fastuosa, dhatiirii, 
1536 : — metel, kanak, ujla dhatura. 



DEA 



2279 



To Daub, lesna, bhama. 
Daucus carota, gajar. 
Daughter, beti, bitiya, dukhtar, bint, pu- 
trl, kanya, kunwari, suta, dhl, dhiya, ja'i, 
tani, sitiya : — in law, bahii, patoh, janl. 
Daughter's daughter, natin, natnl,nawa.sl. 

son, nati, nawasa, dauhitr. 

Daughters, banat. David, da'ud. 
To Daunt, dabkana, dhamkana, daranS. 
Daunted, kam-himmat. 
Dauntless, ni-dar. 

Dawn, bhor, tarka, sahar, sahar-gah, poh, 
subl.i, sabilh, pagah, bamdad, (beginning) 
shuru", arambb : early — , pagahtar, ala- 
-s-sabah : at — of day, tarke : of the — , 
sahari, sahargahT. 
To Dawn, (the morning) pan phatna, 560. 
Day, din, roz, yaum, divas, war, nihar, ba- 
sar, (dakh.) des : — and night, roz-o- 
-shab, lail-o-nahilr : — being far ad- 
vanced, din charhna : — btfore yesterday, 
parson : — after to-morrow, parson: — by 
— , din-badin, pratidin: — of judgment. 
mabshar, rastakhez, roz-i-jaza, roz-i-shu- 
mar, kiyamat : — of the week, bar : — 
of the month, tarikh : certain — in the 
lunar fortnight, khan: civil — of twenty- 
four hours, shabana roz : each or every 
— , pratidin, pat-din -.fourth — past or to 
come, narson : good — to you, roz ba 
aish : last — , rastakhez, kiyamat : length 
of — , dinman : third — past or to come, 
j tarson : to — , aj, aj ke din, imroz, aj-hfi. 
Daybook, roz-namcha, khasra. 
Day-break, supaida-dam, subh-dam. 
Daylight, din diya, prakas, roz-roshan. 
In Daylight, din dbaule, (d«iA.)dindiwale. 
Days, aiyam : in a few — , aj-kal : of a feu- 

— , chand-roza : now-a , aj-kal : some 

— ago or hence, narson. 
7'oDAZZLE,tirniirana,335. DAzzLED,khIra. 
To be Dazzled, chaundhiyana. 
State of being Dazzled, chakachaundh. 
Dazzling, rakhshan. 

Dead, mu'a, maril, murda, mutawaffi, fauti, 
(the) mauta, (lifeless) be-jiin, (vapid)\itra.. 
(useless) be-fS'ida, (as a tree, ifc.) khushk, 
(as trade) sust, manda : — body, lash, 
murda, loth : — drunk, bad-mast, siyah- 
-mast : name of a cast who carry the — , 
murda-farosh: place where Hindics burn 
their — , marghat : to carry away the — . 
kandha d. : to be — , mar rahna. 
To Deaden, sun *., kam-zor k. 
Deadly, katil, muhlik, halaku, (dakh.) 
raSr-parfi, 1740, 1556 : — enmity, dush- 
maiil jani ; — foe, dashman-i-jam : — 
venom or poison, zu'af, zahr-i-katil. 
Deaf, bahra, summ, kar, pumba-ba-gosh, 
(dakh.) bhira, bahira : — and dumb. 



■2280 



DEC 



summun bukm : to be — , kan phutna : — 
to admonition, 879. 

Deafness, unchu-kani, kari, bahrapan. 

Deal, bahut, bahutera, kadr, (share) hissa, 
[at cards) bant : to — , bant d. : io — 
with, mu'fimala k. Dealer, karbari, 
saudagar, {in compos.) hara, farosh. 

Dealing, mu'amala, karobar, tijarat, suluk. 

Dear, (beloved, q. v.) priya, pi, piya, piya, 
aziz, larla, ballabh, jan, jam, (costly) ma- 
hanga, girami, giran, gbali : to hold — , 
dost rakbna. Dearest, pritam. 

Dearly, (fondly) bare pyar se, (at high 
price) girani se. 

Dearly beloved, chashm chiragh. 

Dearness, (cost) girani, (fondness) pyar. 

Dearth, kaht, girani, khushk sal, kal. 

Death, kal, maut, marg, ajal, rihlat, mich, 
nas, waki'a, fana, haliik, 2185: — from 
joy, shadi-marg: — in the bloom of youth, 
jawana-marg : diseased or wounded part 
that causes — , maktal : deeds of — , kliiin- 
-kharaba ; eternal — , janam-maran: sud- 
den — , mufajat, marg-i-mufajiit, zaf, 
1215 : to be at the point of — , ab tab h., 
dam torna, jan ba-lab h., 1971 : to be in 
the hands of — , kal-bas h. : to feign — , 
dam churana : at Death's door, in the 
jaws of — , ajal-girifta : to put to — , mar 
dalna, jan lena. 

Deathless, a-mar, la-maut, la-yamut. 

To Debar, baz rakhna, biirna, Ija'il h. 

To Debase, halkai., zalllA., be-burmat*. 

Debased, bhrasht, subuk, halka, (bad, 
as coins) khonta, kapati. 

Debasement, tazin,halka-pan,be-hurmatl. 

Debate, bahs, ragra-jhagra, takrar, 1831. 

T\> Debate, bahasna, takrar i., bahs *. 

Debating, (subst.) taraddud,kachkachahat. 

To Debauch, (seduce) jhansna, (corrupt) 
bigarna. 

Debauchee, Debauched, aubash, rind. 

Debauchery, aubashl, bankpan, rindl. 

To Debilitate, kam-zori., za'ifi., nirbal/t. 

Debility, kam-zorl, kahili, zu'f, susti. 

Debt, karz, rin, dain, warn : in — , rinl. 

The being in Debt, karz-darl. 

Debtor, katz-dar, dain-dar, riniyii, 2121. 

One who dues not pay his Debts, rin-mar. 

Decade, dah-roza, ashara. 

Decagon, mu'ashshar. 

To Decamp, kiich *. Decampment, kuch. 

Decanter, mina: neck or sjwut of a — ,nol. 

Decapitated, sir-kata. 
Decay, zawal : to — , utamn, kam h., gha^- 
na, khasna, galna, (v. a.) gliatana, kam k. 
Decayed, tuta, jiran, 534, (a bone) ramlm. 
Decease, maut, wafat, riljlat, intikal, irti- 
lial,wi?al: — of a king, Sfc, kuppa lurhna. 
Deceased, mutawaffi : the — , marhum. 



DEC 

Deceit, daglia, fareb, chbal, dbokha, hlla, 

fitrat, makr, kaid ; to practise — , 543. 
Deceitful, dagba-baz, kapati, klia'in. 

makr-amez, hlla-saz, makkar, clihali. 
Deceitfully, bala-bala: to act — , dagbai. 
Deceitfulness, dagba-bazi, makkarl. 
To Deceive, dagba d., thagna, chhalna, 
419, 877, (mislead) bahkana, bhulawa i. 
Deceived, farefta : to be — , fareb khana, 
daglia khanl, (be misled) bahaknii, bhulna. 
Deceiver, farebanda, kba'in, dam-baz. 
Deceiving, (sm4s/.) chhand-band,dam-ba2l. 
December, piis, dai. 

Decency, adab, liyakat, shayastagi, (mo- 
desty) sharm, liayii, liijab, laj. 
Decent, la'ik, ma'kul, (modest) lajwant. 
Deception, dhokha, bhulawa, chhal. 
Deception of demons, asurl maya : — de- 
pending on the power of the Deity, maya. 
To Decide, faisal k., nya'e k., bukm k. 
To be unable to Decide what to do, 1226. 
Decided, (a dispute) malmet : to be — , 

faisal h. 
Deciding disputes, Sfc, raf, raf" daf. 
Decimal places or tmis in arith. daha'I. 
To Decipher, parhna, ta'bir k., bayan k. 
Decision, (of a cause) infisal, chukauta, 
faisala, nyaw, munsifl, 579, (of mind) 
jazm. 
Decisive, kati*, kat'i, saf, piira, kamll. 
Deck, takhta, jahaz kimanzil, tutak(iJoeJ.). 
Of two Decks, do-manzila. 
To Deck, sanwarna, arasta k., singar k. 
To be Decked out, banna thanna. 
Declaimer, mutakalUm, khush-takrir. 
Declaration, iz'har, takrlr, ikrar, isbat, 
kashf, tashrib, boll : written, siirat-i-hal. 
To Declare, kahna, iz'har k., ikrar k. 
Declared, nam-zad. Declarer, mukirr. 
Declension, (in grammar) tasrif, gardan. 
Declinable, mutasarrif, masriif. 
Declination, (in astronomy) inhiraf : — 
or Decline, zawal, utar, tanazul, ghattl. 
Declination, (sun's northern) uttarayan, 

(southern) dakkhinayan. 

Decline, (disease) chha'i, sill, (slope) dbal. 

To Decline, (v. n. as the day or the sun) 

dhalnii, (abstain from) dast-bardar h., 

pas-pa h,, 1037, 'SS. 2170, 585, (lessen) 

gbatna, (bend downwards) nihurna, jhuk- 

na, (v. a. infect) gardanna, tasiif k. : — 

clownishly, daman jhatak lena : — in 

quality, tasakna : — in gears, khasna. 

Declining, (adj.) za'il, munharif, (subst.) 

udul. Declivity, nasheb, dhal. 
Declivous, dhalwan. 
To Decoct, pakilna, autana, josh d., ubiilnri. 
Decoction, joshanda, karha, 1585. 
To Decorate, sanwarna, singarnii, bana'o k. 
Decoration, bana'o, singar, sobhii, taz'in. 



To D 



DEF 

, chhal utai-na, chhilka 



Decorum, liyakat, shayastagi, sallka. 

Decoy, gha'I, fareb, mughalata : — bird, 
mulla. 

To Decoy, warghalanna, phuslana, fareb d. 

Decrease, ghata'o, ghatti, takhfif, kaml. 

To Decrease, (v. n.) ghatna, kam A., 
chhijna, (abate) utarna, (v. a.) ghatana, 
kam k., kasar k. 

Decree, (of a judge, S^-c.) fatwa, hukm, 
amr, sijill, nistara, (divine) takdir, kaza. 

To Decree, hukm k., fatwa d., farmana. 

Decrepit, fartilt, munhani : to be — , sa- 
thiyana. 

To Decry, aib lagana, dokhna, kam-kadr k. 

To Dedicate, nazr k., makhsiis k., 2141. 

Thing Dedicated, niyaz. 

Dedicated to, mukaiyid. 

To DEDpcE, nik.ilna, hasili., isti^raj *. 

To Deduct, waz" k., nikal dalna, 1528. 

J)Er)VCTKD,mmha'i: quantity — ,hashominha 

Deduction, (subtraction) minha, 109, (re- 
sult) natija, hasil, (from the sum lent) 
karhii'a, (discount) batta. 

Deed, kam, kriya, kartab, amal, fi"l, (ex- 
ploit) muhimm, (fact) hakikat : written 
— , kabala, sanad (plur. asnad), pattar. 

To Deem, jauna, samajhna, ma'lum k. 

Deep, (adj.) gambhir, gambhlra, gahra, 
amik, atha, augah, (dakh.) donga, gahl- 
ra, (as sleep or colour) ghor, (low) nicha, 
nasheb, (sagacious) zakm, barik-bln,(«««- 
ning) pukhta, pakka, (in sound) bhari, 
(subst.) samundar, darya : see Sea, 
Ocean : — colour, gahra rang : — sleep, 
sukh-nind : — thought, ghaur : — water, 
dab, ghark-ab, lujja, (dakh.) dhau : going 
— into, ta'ammuk. 71s Deepen, amIk *. 

Deepness, ta'ammuk, umuk, (of water) 
gahra'i. 

Deer, haran, mirg, ahu, chltal, zabi. 

DEKR-eyed, mirg-naini, mirg-lochani, ahi- 
-chashm : — park, mirg-sala. 

Tb Deface, maliv k., kharab k., bigarna. 

Defaced, muta'azzir. 

Defacement, takhrlb. 

Defalcation, kamtl, ghattl, kotahl. 

Defamation, buhtan, dhansna, ninda. 

To Defame, bad-nam *., aib lagana, 1439. 

Default, chuk, kusur, kamtl, kotahl. 

Defeat, shikast, hazimat, bhagel, bar, 498. 

To Defeat, shikast d., harana, (frustrate) 
katiia. 

Defeated, shikast-khyrda : to be broken or 
— , (an army) ghunghat khana, hatnii, 
hazimat khanii. 

Defect, ku?ur, aib, khalal, ba^ta, nuk^an, 
(dakh.) khor, luk^an, 1515 : — in horses, 
ba'olcna, bhauiiri. 



DEG 

Defection, {nposlam/) irtidfid, (revoH) ba- 
gliawat, iilbfir. DEFKCTIVEjkfisir, kliota, 
nakis : — horse, 622. 

Defectiveness, khota'i, kusurl. 

Defence, bacha'o, himayat, asra, artalil, ar, 
(vimlica/ion) ma'zarat, uzr, (reply) jawab, 
(rpnixtance) rok-tok. 

To Defend, bachana, himayat t., otna, 
arna, ropna, 600, {vindicate) uzr k., {re- 
ply) jawab d. 

Defendant, {in law) mudda'a-alaihi,asaml, 
anuvadi: — party in a laivsn'it, tarf-i-sfmi. 

Defended, malifuz, mubafaz, mabriis. 

Defender, hanil, liafiz, arl, liimayati. 

Defensible, lui^zat-pazTr, kabil-i-tasdlk. 

Defensive, {adj.) bacha'u, muhafizana, 
{subst.) bacha'o. 

To Defer, {postpone) talna, rakhna, {re- 
fer) ruju" k. 

Deference, lihaz, ta'zim, tabi'dari. 

Deferred, maukuf, mu'akhkhir. 

Deferring, {siibst.) muhlat. 

Defiance, lalkiir, dhamki, hank, hankar. 

Deficiency, kusur, kamti, kami, ghfita, 
battfi, kisr, sliikast, tut, ban ; making 
goo:! a —, jahr-Umksan. 

Deficient, {wanting) kasir, kam, {failing) 
zfi'il, {too small) kab'l, kotiih, 1607, 1534; 
to be — , kusur k. 

Defile, niTkii, gall, kucha, sfinkar. 

To Defile, na-pak k., mailai., sanna. 

Defiled, aluda, mailil, na-pak, 921, 1739. 

Defilement, aludagl, na-paki, laus, chhiit. 

To Define, mabdud k,, bakhanna, bayan k. 

Defined, mabdud, mushakhkhas. 

Definite article, harf-i-ta'rlf. 

Definition, bakhan, hadd, ta'rif. 

Definitions, biidud. 

Definitive, kat'i, piira, mukammal : — 
ojisicer ,jawab-i-kat'i : — 4P«/e«ce,pharcha. 

Deflection, inliiraf, {dakli.) tirkasT. 

To Deflour, bikr torna, chlia utarna. 

Defluxion, zukam, iiazla. 

Deformed, zisht, bad-shakl, birup, 1581. 

Deformity, zishti, kabahat, na-zeba'ish. 

To Defraud, fareb d., musna, tbagna. 

To Defray', uthana, dena, karna. 

Defunct, mutawaffi, marljum, maghfur. 

To Defy, dhiranil, dhamkana, lalkarna. 

Degeneracy, kaputi, ibtizal, daniyat. 

Degenerate, mubtazal : — son, kaput. 

Degradation, utarii, be-burmati, ruswa'i. 

Tb Degrade, utarna, taghir A., be-hurmat k. 

Degraded, ma'zul, be-abru, kam-kadr. 

To be Degraded, sakit h., ma'zul h. 

Degree, darja, martaba, rutba, manzilat, 
{sort) kism, tarh, prakar, {of a circle) 
darja, ans : to such a — , to this — , is 
kadr, is talak, is martaba, ba-hadde : to 
what — , kis kadr, kaiiail tak. 



DEL 

Degrees, madarij, niaratib : by — , ba- 

-tadrij, tbora-thora. 
7*0 Deject, (Wc47:)!>e7»)bujhana,dilbatorna. 

Dejected, udiis, azurda-dil, be-dil, malid, 
tang, dil-azurda, faro-manda, fusurda : to 
be — , murjliana. 

Dejectedness, Dejection, udasi, Sjizi, 
be-dili,afsurdagl,malal,dil-giri,khasta-jani. 
To Deign, kabul k., farmana, razi h. 

Deist, mulbid. Deity, {divinity) uluhlyat, 
ibihiyat : the — ■, ma'bud, kar-saz, bhagwan, 
bhagwant, narayan, hakk, khuda, allah, 
Iswar : a — , sur, dew, dewta, ilah. 

Delay, derl, bilam, bilambh, dirang, dhll, 
dirangi, ihmal, aber, ta'akhkhur, takliir, 
muhlat, tawakkuf, {detention) atka'o, rok, 
ruka'o : without — , bila-tawakkuf. 

To Delay, derl k., rah j., tawakkuf k., 
ta'akhkhur k. , bilambna, {detain) atkiina. 

Delectable, dil-chasp, dil-pazir, farah- 
-bakhsh. 

Delegate, wakll,na'ib,gumashta,pesb-kar. 

To Delegate, {send) bhejna, {intrust) 
sompna, dena, {appoint) thahriina. 

Delegation, niyabat,wakalat,((ZaiA.)na'jbI. 

By Delegation, wakalatan. 

Deleterious, muhlik, zahr-dfir. 

Deliberate, mudabbir, (slow) Jliira : to 
— , sochna, ta'ammul k., bicharnfi. 

Deliuerately, amdavi. 

Deliberateness, dhTr. 

Deliheration, tadbir, ghaur, fikr, tajwiz, 
(slowness) ahistagi, (caution) khabar-dari. 

Delicacy, Delicateness, (niceness) na- 
zukl, nazakat.latafat, (softness) narmi, 
(neatness) paklzagi, suthra'I, ^scrupulous- 
ness) waswas, wahra : a Delicacy, maza, 
lutf, ni'mat : Delicacy of complexion, 
nfizuk-mizaji : — of form or person, gul- 
-pairahanl, nazuk-badani. 

Delicate, (nice) naznin, nazuk, sukwfir, 
(thin, tender) patla, barik, tunuk, narm, 
narmak, (exquisite) nafis, (dainty) khi.ish- 
-za'ika, (nice in choice) khush-dimagh. 
(neat) suthra, (scrupulous) waswasi, (weak) 
kam-zor. 

Delicately brought up, naz-parwarda. 

Delicious, laziz, maza-dar, swadak, khush- 
-maza, khush, ba-maza, latif, tubfa. 

Deliciousness, lazzat, latafat, kaifiyat. 

Delight, khnshi. shadi, khunami. hazz, 
anand, bilas, zauk, isbrat, aish, farliat, 
maza, mod, harakh : taking — in, mugh- 
tanim, ma'il : to — , khush k., shad k. : 
— in, chahna. 

Delighted, mabziiz, magan, masriir, shad, 
khushniid, khush, khurram, khush-dil. 

To be Delighted, phul j., bilasna, biigh- 
-baghA., khiishiX;., rljhna, khilna, ha- 
rakhna, shugufta h. 

7 O 



DEM 



2281 



Delightful, farah-bakhsh. dilchasp, laziz. 

Deliuhtfulness, dil-kusha'I, dil-chaspl. 

7'oDELiNEATE,8iyah-kalam i.,karhna, 1G70. 

Delineated, mastur : to be — , karhna. 

Delineating, Delineation, tastlr.nakblia. 

Delineator, rassam, nakil. 

DELiNauENCY, kujur, tak?Ir, khata,gunah. 

DELiNauKNT,gunahgar,tak?Irwar,aparadhI. 

DELiaoiUM.sanpat. Delirious, be-khud. 

Delirium, be-jdiudi, sarsam, be-hoshf. 

To Deliver, (release, q. v.) chhurana, azad 
k., (save) najat d., bachana, (give) dena, 
(give up) sompna, supurd A., hawale *., 
(relate) bolna, (bring to bed) jananii. 

Deliverance, Delivery, (liberation) ri- 
ha'i, kbalasi, makhlasi, chhutkara, chbu- 
rawa, wa-rastagi, (surrender) taslim, (giv- 
ing up) tafwiz, (salvation) mochh, mukti, 
najat, taran, (safety) bacha'o, (utterance) 
talaffuz, guftar, goya'i, (of child, i(c.) 
janna, byana : general jail Delivery, 
hurra : final Deliverance of the soul 
from (he body, Sfc, mukti (1938). 

Delivered, (saved) rasta, wa-rasta : — 
over, 1931, 1837: to be — of child or 
young, janna, byana, prashab h. 

Delphinus, (j/orpoise) susmar. 

To Delude, fareb d., ghumana, bablana. 

To be Deluded, fareb khana. 

Deluder, Delusive, dagha-baz, farebi. 

To Delve, khodna,korna: to cause — , 1649. 

Deluge, tfifan, tughyani, sail-ab, jalarnav. 

To Deluge, dubona, ghark k. 

To be Deluged, dubna. 

Delusion, (f?ecp^«on)dhokha,kbayal, fareb, 
ghalat-karI,997,(cAra<)dagha, mughfdata. 

Demand, (claim) da'wa, (requisition) dar- 
khwast.istid'a: great — inamarket,geLTm\. 

To Demand, (require) chahna, talab k., 
miingna, (claim) da'wi k., (asi) puchhna. 

DEMANDANT,DEMANDER,talib : SfcBcYER. 

Demanding jws^i'ee, (subst.) istighasa. 

To Demean, (behave) chalna, chalan chalna, 

(debase) halka k. , kam-kadr k. 
Demeanour, chal-dbal,dhang, chalan, waz'. 
Demerit, (fault) taksir, gunah, chuk. 
Sort of Demi-god, class of Demi-gods, 

bidyadbar, jakh, nag, kinnar, gandharb. 
Demise, maut, iutikal, riblat, wafat, wisal. 
To Demise, waslyat A., de mama, hiba k. 
To Demolish, ujarn.a, bahii d., dhana, 702. 
DEMOLiSHED,munhadim,ujar:^ie — ,dhana. 
Demolishing, Demolisher, ujaru. 
Demolition, inhidam, kharab-abadi. 
Demon, asur, bhiit, pisach, jinn, rakslias, 

daiyat,dew,ifrit: sylvan — , ghiU(orghol). 
Demoniac, junun. 
Demoniacal, asurl, rachbasi. 
Commanding or imprisoningYi^tAQ's^^x^Sx^i. 
Habitation o/'Demons, dew-stan. 



2282 



DEP 



To Demoxstrate, bujhana, dalalat k., 744. 

Demoxstration, burhan, dalil, dalalat. 

Demoxstrative, mubarhan, musbit. 

To Demdr, pas-o-pesh k., aga pichha k. 

Demore, (jt-om) garwa, gambhira, {modest) 
sharmlla. Demcreness, Ijijab, sharm, 
{gravity) sanjidagl. 

DEMtiRRAGE,gobari,((Za*A.Harra)chipr;(?) 

Dex, {lion's or tiger's) akar, tbar, thai, {of a 
wild beast) mand, kad, {of thieves) thang. 

Dexiai., inkar, nakar, iba, nafl. 

Denier, munkir. 

To Dexomixate, nam rakhna, kahna. 

DEXOMiXATED,musamma: to be — ,kahlana. 

Dexomixatiox, nam, ism, tasmiya. 

To Dexote, batlana, dikblana, jatana. 

To Dexouxce, u'har k., dhamkana, dosna. 

Dense, kasif, garha, sangin, munjamid. 

Dexsity, kasafat, sanglnl, injimad. 

Dent, {dakh.) chapak. 

Dentifrice, manjan, 1904, siwak. 

Denunciation, wa'id. To Deny, inkar k., 
mukarna, munkir h., rontna, natna, 1540. 

To Depart, sidharna, chala^'., uthj., rah 
lena, chalna, kuch k., {die) rililat k. 

Departed, rafta, rawana. 

Departing, rahl, firak. 

Department, {district) mahall, {office) 
juda uhda. 

Departure, rawanagi, jatra, chala, pras- 
than, payan, kuch, {death) rililat, wafUt. 

To Depend, {rest on) maukiif A., 679, {be 
connected with) ta'alluk rakhna, muta'al- 
lik A., {to rely on) patiyana, ummed rakh- 
na, {hang from) latakna, hilagna. 

Dependance, Dependaxcy, {reliance) 
ummed, i'timad, {connexion) alaka, la- 
ga'o, {allegiance) tabi*darT. 

Dependaxt, Depending, {attached) mu- 
ta'allik, alaka-mand, wa-basta, 1967, 
{subject) pariidhTn, tabi'dar, 502, {rely- 
ing on) ummedwar, {rested on) maukuf. 

Dependants, aulad, khalaf. bel or al-bel. 

To be Depended on, {adj.) rast-baz. 

Depilatory, {subst.) niira. 

Deplorable, burii, kam-bakht. hakir, pa- 
reshan, tang. 

To Deplore, kurhna, rona, nala-zari k. 

Deponent, gawah, shahid, sakhl. 

To Depopulate, kharabi., wiranA., ujarna. 

Depopulated, ujar, kharab, kharab-khasta. 

Depopulation, wlrani, pa'emali, kharabl. 

Deportment, chalan, chal-dhal, waz". 

To Depose, rakhna, (say) shahiidatrf., {de- 
grade) ma'ziil *. 

Deposed, ma'ziil, kur'iln-kliwan (151 1). 

DEPOSiNG/roOT office, ta'zil, khal". 

DEPOSiTARY,amanat-dar. DEPOSiTE,(/rK«<) 
amanat, wadl'at, dharohar, {pledge) girau. 

ToDeposiTBiamiinat rakhnii,8ompnsi,dharna 



DES 

Deposition, {removal) ma'zuli, {testimony) 
shahiidat, gawahl. 

Depravation, satyanas, fasad, bigar. 

To Deprave, kharab i., tabahA., bigarna. 

Depraved, satyaniisi, kharab. tabah, dusht, 
tasid, gum-rah, zabtin : to be — , bigarna. 

Depravity, fasad, tabahl, khabiisat, 1389. 

To Deprecate, shafa'at k., istighfar *. 

Deprecating, Deprecation, shafa'at. 

DEPRECAT0R,shafi',mustaglifir,u7.r-kh\yah. 

To Depreciate, halka k., kam i., ghatana. 

Depreciation, ghata'o. 

To Depredate, liitna, khak siyah k. 

Depredation, takht-taraj,turk.tazl,lut-pat 

Depredator, lutera, kazzak, rah-zan, chor. 

To Depress, dabana, {the spirits) bujhana. 

Depressed, faro-manda : — in mind, af- 
surda-khatir : to be — , ghatna, 279, 834. 

Depression, daba'o, tazlTl, {of spirits) 138. 

Deprivation, chhln-chhan lena, adam. 

To Deprive, chhin lena, le lena : — of 
life, jan se marna, mar dalna. 

Deprived of, masliib, adira, i860 : — of 
reason, maftiin, mufattan : — of the 
senses, dil-shnda. 

Depth, umuk, gahra'o, gahra'i, durgamata : 
— of a river, Sfc, ka"r-i-dqrya : out of 
man's — , duba'o. 

Deputation, niyabat,wakalat,wakllbhejna. 

To Depute, muta'aiyin*., bhejna, viaksX&td. 

Deputed, muta'aiyin. Deputing, ta'aiyun. 

Deputy, wakll, na'ib, ja-nishin, peshkar, 
1506 : one who appoints a — , munib. 

Deputyship, niyabat, wakalat, peshkari. 

Deranged, pareshan. 

Derangement, pareshanl. 

To Deride, thattha mama, tasakhttur *. 

Derision, maskhargi, thatholi, istihza. 

Derivation, ikhraj, {in gram.) ishtikak, 
{source) masdar. 

Derivative, Derived, {in gram.) mush- 
takk, sadir. Derivative, noun from a 
verb, kridant. 

To Derive, (». a.) nikiilna, lena, akhz *., 
{v. n. to be Derived) sadir h., nikalna. 

Dervis, darwesh, fakir, jogi, khirka-posh. 
takiya-dar : doctrine or way of life of a 
— , darweshi : dress of a — , khirka: gar- 
ment of patches of a — , badama. Der- 
I VISES, darweshan, fukarii, masha'ikh. 

To Descend, utarnii, tanazzul k., nazil A., 
farod ana, {si}tk in water) dabna, (<fe- 
cHne) (llialna, {from ancestors) ana, ni- 
kalna, {by inheritance) pahunchna, milna : 
to came to — , utarna, utarwiina. 

Descendant, bans, santan, nasi. 

Descendants, aulad, khalaf, bel, iil-bel. 

Descension, Descent, utar, nuzQl, huial, 
tanazzul, {declivity) nashel), sheb, gaw- 
-dum : — of a deity from heaven, avatiir. 



DES 

To Describe, wasf A-., batlana, bayin *. 

Described, mausiif, markum. 

Description, wasf, tausif, sharh, sifat, ta"- 
rlf, bakhan, barnan, {sort) siirat, taur, 
Jarah, kimash : — roll, taujih, chihra : to 
write a soldier's — roll, chihra likhna : 
beyond — , ma la-kalam. 

To Descry, dekh pana, ma'lum*., dekhna. 

Desert, {wilderness) bayaban, dasht, barr, 
badii, hu ka alam, hiimiin, kanan, sahrfi, 
{waste, void) ujar, khali, suna, lak o dak, 
nir-jan, {merit) kadr, hakk, gun : inha- 
bitant of the — , sahra-nishin : wanderer 
of the — , sabra-naward. 

To Desert, chhorna, tyagna, tajna, tark k., 
I554i {rnn away) bhagna, firar A. 

Deserted, matriik: to be — by friends, 1609. 

Deserter, bfiagel, bhagora, tarik, firiiri. 

Desertion, tark, firar, {of friends) 1558. 

To Deserve, la'ik A., sazawar A., kabil A. 

Deservedly, insaf se, hakk se. 

Deserving, sazawar, la'ik : — death, i\ 15. 

Design, {intention) kasd, irada, malcsad, 
niyat, murad, gharaz, {scheme) mausiiba, 
tajwiz, {plan) naksha, khaka, {plot) gusht, 
bandish, sazish : to — , {intend) irada k., 
kasd k., {plan) naksha bananii, {devote) 
thahrana, {make) banana. 

Designation, {mark, sign) alamat, {name) 
lakab. 

Designed, manziir. Designer, nakkash. 

Designedly, amdan, kasdan, jan-biijbke. 

Designing, {adj.) gharzi, khud-gharaz. 

Desirable, marghiib, chahita, dil-khwah. 

Desire, {wish) chah, ichchha, arzii, khwah- 
ish, hawas, shauk, raghbat, kam, kamnfi, 
{request) darkhwast, istid'a, farma'ish, 
{appetite) bhiikh, ishtiha, {lust) shahwat, 
hawa, hawas, hauns, kam. 

To Desire, {wish for) chahna, raghbat k., 
khwahish k., {request) mangna, darkh- 
wast k., {bid) kahna. 

Desired, khwiista, banchhit, marghub. 

Desiring, («iifo<.)!:alab-garl: — eagerly, hits. 

Desirous, mushtak, arzGmand, raghib, 
sha'ik, shaukin, khwahan. khwilhishmand. 

7b be Desirous, mushtak A., dam lagna. 

To Desist, biiz rahna, dast-bardiir A., rah^'. 

DESK.likhne kl dhalwm mez, {Port.) almari. 

Desolate, Desolated, ujar, wiran, khar- 
ab, kharab-khasta, be-charagh, sunsfin. 

DESOLATEjo/ace, wirana : — places, kharabat. 

To Desolate, ujarna, kharab *., ghiilna. 

To become Desolate, ujarnii, wiran A. 

Desolateness, dbiindhuu-kar. 

Desolater, ghalsk. 

Desolation, kharab!, wirani. 

Despair, yas, nS-ummedl, niriisl, mayusl. 

In Despair, na-ummedana. 

Despatch, {haste) ta'jil, chabuki, shitabi, 



DET 

jaldi, {messmnjcr) hurkara, kasiil, {mes- 
sage) chalan, paigham. 
To Despatch, daurana, rawana k., jald 
bhejna, {kill) mar-dalna, thikane lagana. 
Desi'Atched, rawana. 
Despatches, kitab, rasa'il. 
Desperate, {hopeless) milyus, niras, {mad, 

furious, rash) majnfm, khashm-niik. 
Desperately, {furiously) be-baki se. 
Desperation, na-umraedl,bebaki,tahauwur 
Despicable, zalll, paji, khwar. adham, 934. 
Despicableness, halka-pan,ljikarat, zillat. 
To Despise, hakir jauna, hikarat k., 539. 
Despised, muhakkar,mazmum,(rfaiA.)yalIl. 
Despising, {subst.) istikhfaf, takhfif. 
/n Despite, raglimse. ToDESPOiLjlutlena. 
Despondence, na-ummedi, mayusT, yas. 
Despot, jabir, padshab-i-mustakill, shah-i- 

-zalim. Despotic, mustakill, swadhin. 
Despotism, istibdad, istiklal, tasallut, zulm. 
Dessert, nukl, gosht o gbaira khane ke 

ba'd jo phal phalarl khate bain. 
Destination, {appointed place) marja', 

manzil-i-maksud. 
To Destine, {appoint) mukarrari., {doom) 

mukaddar k. 
Destined, mukaddar, mukarrar, nam-zad. 
Destiny, {fate) kazi, takdir, kadr, sar- 
-nawisht, nasib, bhag, {future state) 
akibat, akhirat. 
Destitute, {friendless) la-char, be-kasana, 
darmanda, rahit, {poor) tihi-dast, be-bahra, 
miiflis: to be — , banh tutDa,(daiA.)tutna. 
Destitution, be-bargi, be-kasi, la-charagi. 
To Destr8y, {kill) mama, halak k., mar 
dalna, {lat/ waste) ujarna, pa'emal k., 
{raze) clha d., mismar k., {demolish) 
torna, nest-na-bud k. 
Destroyed, {demolished) munbadim, tahs- 
-nabs, talpat, {wasted) za'i', bar-bad, 
{laid waste) pa'emal, mismar, wiran, 
{killed) halak, {annihilated) nasht, mun'- 
adim, ma'dum ; to be — , talaf A., hahj., 
dubua, {dakh.) atamati h. 
Destroyer, nasak, ghalak, ujaru. 
Destroying, (sHisi. )istihlak, {adj.)muh]ik. 
Destruction, halak, talaf, pa'emali, binils, 
hadm, inhidam, ant, Idiarabi. fana, wirani, 
tabahl : — of the world, maha-pralai, 
pralai, kalpa : place of — , mahlaka. 
Destructive, muhlik, haUk, halakii, muzirr. 
IToDeta CH ,juda k. .cbhurana, {troops)bhejna. 
Detached, juda, alag, mutafarrik, alabida. 
Detachment of an a)'m^,gliol,guroh,jatha, 

risfda ; — on forage, chhanta'o. 
Detail, tafsil, takrir, bjaura: in — , taf- 

sTlwar, mufassal, mashruban. 
To Detail, tafsil k. Detailed, mufassal. 
To Detain, {stop) baz rakhna, chhenkna, 
rokna, atkana, {confine) kaid k., band k. 



DEV 

Tu Detect, daryaft *., ma'liim k., dcklina. 

Detected, maksliuf. Detecteu, kashif. 

Detection, daryaft, kashf. 

Detention, ruka'o, atka'o, giriftagi, liabs. 

To Deter, daranil, ankh dikhlanl. 

To Deteriorate, {v. n.) binasna. 

Deterioration, bikar. 

Determinate, mukarrar, mushakhkhas. 

Determinately, kasdan,amdan, istiklal se. 

Determination, {resolution) azm, istiklal, 
{design) kasd, {decision) faisala, infisal. 

To Determine, {fx) thahrana, thanna, 
{resolve) tasmim k., kasd k., {define) 
bayan k., {bound) ibata k., {finish) akhir 
k., {influence) talirlk d., {decide) faisal k. 

Determined, {finished) vavit&n^iii, {agreed) 
ma'hud, {fixed) rauta'aiyin, {resolute) 
iili-1-azm or iilu-1-azm, mazbut. 

Tbie Determined, thaharna,banabandhua. 

To Detest, ji hat j., adawat rakhna, kara- 

Detestable, Detested, karih, makriih. 
Detest.ition, ikrah, karahiyat, nafrat. 
TbDETHRONE.takhtseutarpa.betajotakht^. 
The Dethroning of a king, padshah-gardl. 
To Detract, ghatana, tuhmat lagana, be- 
-kadr k., 1019 : — in whispers, zaban 
dabke kahna. 
Detracter, {dakh.) tuhmati, ghibatl. 
Detraction, ghibat, aib-go'i, zamm. 
Detriment, khalal, nuksan. ghata. mazarrat. 
Detrimental, muzirr, mukhill. nuksani. 
Detrition, ghisa'o, ghisawat, farsiidagl. 
To Detrude, dalna, khiskana, niche dabana. 
Devastation, lutas, gharat, taraj, pamali. 
Deuce, {at cards, Sfc.) dii'a, {dakh.) doga. 
To Develop, kholna, wazih k., nikalna. 
To Deviate, {err) tajawuz k., {stray) 1449. 
DEViATiON,tajawii2,iuhiraf,gumrahI,bhatak. 
Device, (con^mance) liikmat, tajwiz,jugat, 

{on a shield) alamat, taghma, nishan. 
Devil, shaitan, iblis, azazil : raising the — , 
hiizirat. Devilish, shaitani, bhutaha, 
dozakhi, {wicked) sharir, muzi, {excessive- 
ly) nihayat, sakht, be-hadd. 
Devils, shayatln : DEViL's<ri(;As,shaitanat. 
Devious, bhatka, gamriih, berah. 
Devise, {gift by will) waslyat-nama. 
To Devise, {bequeath) waslyat k., hiba k., 
{contrive) tajwTz k., ikhtira' k., ijad k. : — 
a new mode of conduct, rah nikalna. 
Devoid, khali, mu'arra, tihi, bina, ba gh air. 
Devoirs, adab. 

To Devolve, {v. n.) ana, pahunchna. 
To Devote, {dedicate) niyaz k., fida k., ta- 
sadduk k., {approjmate) makhsiis *., 
thahrana, {addict) masruf k., {give up) 
dal d. 
Devoted, {dedicated) kurbani, {given up to, 
attached) jan-nisiir, parast, {appropriated) 



DIE 



2283 



mu'aiyan, inushaklikhas, {addicted) ma'il, 
masruf : your — servant, fidwi. 
Devotedness, jan-nisarl,(m com/j. )parastl. 
Devotee, riyazatl, sadh, 5bid, azad, tapassi, 
bhakt, jogi, zahid, abdal, tapa, tapl, pujarT. 
Devoting one's self to save another, fida. 
Devotion, {worship) ibadat, tapasya, riya- 
zat, bliagat, bandagi, parastisli, zuhd, 
ubudiyat, piijfi, jap-tap, jog, namaz, {fi- 
delity) jan-fishani, fidwiyat. 
To Devour, kha j., kha lena, bhakhna. 
Devout, muta'abbid : see Devotee : — 

austerity, tapasya. 
Dew, OS, shabnam, zhala, sit, tall, kuhra. 
Dewlap, ghabghab. 

Dexterity, dast-karl, hathauti, karsazi. 
Dexterous, chalak-dast, dast-kar, 719. 
Diabetes, silsil-i-ba'ul, salsalu-1-baul. 
Diabolical, jahannami, dozakhi, shaitani. 
Diadem, taj, mukut, afsar, kirit, kulah. 
Diagnosis, nidan, tashkhis. 
Diagonal, karan. 

Diagram, naksha, khaka. {mystical) ]ant.v. 
Dial, jantr, dhQp-gbari, mikyas (?). 
Dialect, boli, bhakha, zaban, lisan, lughat. 
Dialectick, mantiki. 
Dialogue, guftgii, muhawara, jawab-suwal. 
Diameter, kutr, da'ire ke bich ka Idiatt. 
Diamond, almas, hira,bajr: — cut — ,737: 

— dust, almas-tarash -.flat — , parab. 
Row or string of Diamonds, hirawali. 
Diaper, khes. 
Diarrhosa, atisar, is'hal, 1331 : to have a 

— , pet chalnii, pet chhutna. 
Diary, roz-namcha, roz-nama, awarja. 
Dibble, kudali, khanti, khurpi. 
Dice, pase {jilur. o/pasa), {dakh.) phanse : 
to play at — , piison se khelnii : — board, 
bisat, taklita-nard. 
Dictate, hukm, farman, amr, aggya. 
To Dictate, {command) farmana, hukm k., 

{tell to write) ibarat batana, kahna. 
Diction, bol-chal, bol-chal ka muhawara. 
Dictionary, lughat, kosh, farhang. 
Die, {colour) rang, {stamp) tbappa, sikka, 
chhap, {for gaming) pasa, pansa, shash- 
dar, ((ZaiA.)phansa, {for the hair) kalap. 
To Die, {to colour, q. v.) rangna, ratna, 
chhopna, {the beard) khizab k. , {to expire) 
mama, mar-jana, sard h., 974, 739, 326, 
{as animals) sakat h., {in battle) kam ana, 
katna, {to wither) khushk hojana, kumh- 
lana, {away) ba'i pachni, {become vapid) 
utarna : — fighting, jujh mama : — of 
wounds, katna : — prematurely, jawana 
marg mama : — u-ith hunger, bhukhon 
mama, fakon niai-na. 
Died, {coloured) rata. Dier, rang-rez. 
Diet, ghiza, khurak, khana, kiit. 
drink, karha, {dakh.) kara. 



2284 



DIG 



DIS 



To Diet, khina khilana, ghiza tajniz Ic. (?). 

To Differ, {be apari) btch parna, pher 
parna, {disai/ree) jhagHTna., iklitilaf rakhna. 

Difference, (being apari) fark, tafawut, 
byora, bilag, juda'i, {disagreement) itt- 
tilaf, tabajran, phut, anbana'o, (dispute) 
kaziya, jbagra : to cause a — between 
friends, jug-phorna or -phutna. 

Different, (distinct) mukhtalif, nyara, 
ghaii-, juda, aur, (unlike) mukhalif : of — 
colours or kinds, gun-a-gun : — sorts, 
aksam, anwa*. 

Differently, aur tarah se. 

Difficult, mushkil, katbin, dushwar, asar, 
sa'b, shadid, saklit, daklk, 1839, 1529, 
1 548 : — to be understood, gbamiz, gurh : 
— to pass, mushkil-guzar, or -guzar. 

Difficulties, mushkilat,daka'ik,shada'id: 
delighting in — , mushkil-pasand : solver 
of — , musbkil-kusha. 

DiFFicnLTV, dushwarl, sakbti, su'ubat, 
shiddat, (trouble) janjal, mihnat, takalluf, 
phanda, (distress) kasbt, usrat, tangl, (di- 
lemma) kash-a-kash, kash-ma-kash, (ab- 
strusity) dikkat, isbkal, (objection) pakar, 
i'tiraz : making a — , muzayaka : to make 
no — , khatra na kama : to be in — , ba- 
tang A. : with — , ba-dikkat, girte-parte. 

Diffidence, sankoch, kanaund, dliarka. 

Diffident, kanaunda, sankochi, waswasT. 

Diffuse, Diffused, Diffusive, (scat- 
tered) muntasbir, (divulged) sha'i', (co- 
pious) tawil, mufassal. 

To Diffuse, phailana, bistama, bicbhaaa. 

To be Diffused, phailna, muntasbir h. 

DiFFUSEDLY, DIFFUSELY, mufassal, mu- 
fassalan, phailii'o se. 

Diffusing (subst.) nasbr, (adj. in com- 
pos.) gustar. Diffusion, Diffusive- 
ness, tul, phaila'o, bistar : — of moon- 
light, cbhitakna cbandn! ka. 

Diffusively, mufassal : see Diffusedly. 

To Dig, khodiia, gorna, guranfi : — out, 
kornji : — up, nikal lena : — up, (as the 
earth with the feet) kbundna : to cause to 
— , khudana, kbodana, gurana. 

To Digest, (in the stomach) ha/.m k., pa- 
chuna, pacha dalna, (chymically) pakana, 
pukhta k., (as a sore) pakna, (to arrange) 
sudbarna, arasta A., tartib d. 

Digested, jlran .- to be — , pachiia, hazm h. 

Digester, pacbak, (arranger) murattib. 

Digestihle, gunar, guwara, pachanhar (.'). 

Digestion, ha?.ni, kuwat-i-hazm, tayil, 
(ehymical) paka'o, pukhtagi : see Ar- 
rangement : easy of — , khush-guwar : 
Aarrfo/"— ,guru: to have a bad — ,chhcriiii. 

DiGESTivE,hai;.im,pachak; — powers,bii7.ima.. 

Digger, beldar, kodgar, (in compos.) kan. 

Digger up of buried bodies, 



through 



wall, nakb. 



Digit (of the moon's diameter) kala, chan- 
dra-kala. 

Dignified, khatir : — pace, thumak-chal. 

To Dignify, hurmat d., sar-faraz k. 

Dignities, maratib. Dignity, shan, bar- 
-pan, bara-pa, martaba, kadr, iktidar, 
jalal, jab, thasak, mansab, darja, rutba, 
manzilat,wakar, hurmat, thath, tamkanat, 
pad, paya, man, hasbmat, dabdaba, shu- 
koh, shaukat, izzat, far, salabat : of high 
— , azimu-sh-shan, rafl'u-sh-shan. 

To Digress, gurez k., bhatakna, udul k. 

Digression, gurez, jhar-pahar. 

Dike, (ditch) kha'i, Wiandak, (mound) 
pushta, mend. 

To Dilate, (v. n.) phailna, barhna, (v. a.) 
phailana, barhana. 

Dilated, mumbasit: to be — , phailna. 

DiLATORiNESS, susti, dhfla'I, ahistagi. 

Dilatory, sust, dbila, ana-parast, kahil. 

Dilemma, Ijaiz-baiz, dubdha, kash-a-kash. 

Diligence, tan-dihi, sar-garmT, chaukasi, 
takaiyud, mulazamat, dhiui,kad-o-kawish. 

Diligent, sar-garm, tan-dih, chaukas. 

DiLLENiA indica, chalta. 

Dilute, raklk, patla: to — , hall k., raklk *. 

Dilution, tarkik. Dim, andhla, chundha. 

Dimension, mikdar, masahat, andaza, map. 

To Diminish, kami.,ghatana,(».n.)ghatna. 

Diminished, kabida. 

Diminution, ghatl,kasr, taklil,kast, tasghlr. 

Diminutive, kiichak, nannha, (noun) ism- 
-i-tasghlr. 

Diminutiveness, kuehaki, chhota'i, tangi. 

Dimity, parkala (.'). 

Dimness, chondhi, dhundhla'i, 846. 

Dimple, garha: — of the chin, chah-i-zakan. 

Dim-sighted, tarik-chashm, chondhla, ty- 
ondha, dhumla, 1099, kam-nazar. 

Dim-sightedness, dhundh. 

Din, shor, dabdaba, ghul, ghul-ghapara. 

Dinar, dinar. 

To Dine, khiina khana, chasht k. 

Dining-room, mihman-khana. 

Dinner, khana, khassa, tu'ma, chasht. 

Dint, (depression) garha, 852, (force) zor. 

To Dint, (indent, dakh.) chapkana. 

DioscoREA, ratalii: — /««cic«/a<a, suthni. 

DiospvRos ebenum or glutiaosa, tendii, gab. 

Dip, dubkl, ghota, diib, chubhki, dob. 

To Dip, (v. n.) dubnfi, dubna, ghota mama 
or khana, biirna, (v. a.) dubonfi, dubana, 
ghoj.a d., (in dying) dob d., (look into) 
ghaur *., dekhna. 

Diploma, sanad, manshfir, altamgha. 

Dipped, ghota khurda, mugharrak : to be 
— , 147B. Dipping, ghota, ghota-khori. 

Diptote, (noun of two cases) mutamakkin. 



Dire, (dreadful) darawna, dabshat-nfik, 
bhayanak, (severe) sakht, shadid, bharl. 

Direct, mustawi, sidha, sudha, rast, khula. 

To Direct, (point out) dikhlana, batlana, 

chalana, (order) kahna, (aim) shast k. 

Direction, (order) Irshad, hukm, (ma- 
nagement) sarbarahl, (indication) dalalat, 
(way) rah, (label) pata, (aim) shast, (of a 
letter) sar-nama, (to the right way) 2170. 

Directly, turt, abhi, fi-l-hal, fi-1-faur. 

Directness, sldha'I, rasti, safa'I. 

Director, (superintendent) mukhtar, da- 
rogha, karkun, 1870, (guide) dalTl, rahbar. 

Direful, muhib, haulnak. 

Direness, haulnakl. 

Dirge, marsiya. Dirk, katar, chhura. 

Dirt, mail, chirk, laoi, (mud) kich, 1671. 

Dirtiness, aliidagi, na-paki, ghilazat. 

Dirty, maila, chirkin, ghaliz, gadla, najis, 
napak, malln, (cloth — with keeping) lat. 

roDiRTY,mailai.,chirk-aliidi.,be-lmrmati. 

Dis-, (neg. prefix) na, be, ghair, bad, nir. 

Disability, ajizi, be-makdiirl, zu*f, lachail. 

Dis AD VANTAGEjZarar, ziyan, khalal. nuksan. 

Disadvantageous, be-fi'ida, be-hasil, 
muzirr, be-sud. 

Disaffected, bad-khwah. bad-guman. 

Disaffection, bad-khwahl. bad-gumani. 

7>jDisagree, bigarna, na-muwafik h. 

Disagreeable, na-muwafik, na-khush. 
(ugly) zisht-rii. 

Disagreeableness, karahiyat, na-khushi. 

Disagreeing, na-muwafik, na-gawar. 

Disagreement, iklitilaf, bigar, phuti. 

Zb Disallow, inkar A., man"*.,'na-manna. 

Disallowance, inkar, imtina', mumana'St. 

r«DiSAPPEAR, gha'ib A., alophojiina, 920. 

Disappearance, gha'ib h., lop, satka'i. 

To Disappoint, na-uaimedA-.,bahkana,292. 

Disappointed, na-kam, ma'ziir, mahrum : 
to return — from an enterprise, 1977 : to 
be — , bichakna, bahakna, hiith dhona. 

Disappointment, na-kami, dhokha, 2024. 

Disapprobation, ta'n, nafrin, inkiii-. 

To Dis APPROVE, na-pasandi.,uf*., inkar*. 

Disaster, rausibat, afat, hadisa, bipat,aseb. 

Disastrous, bad-bakht, afat-zada, manhus. 

7>) Disavow, inkar k., mukai-na. 

To Disband, jawab rf., bar-taraf *., hurra d. 

Disbelief, be-i"tik5di, be-TmanI, kufr. 

To Disbelieve, na-manna, inkar k., 866. 

7'o Disburden, halka*., (tintoad) utarna. 

To Disburse, kharch k., ?arf *., utha d. 

Disbursement, kharch, ma?raf, sarf. 

Disbursements, ikhrajiit, makhai-ij, 1912. 

To Discard, bar-taraf *., nikal d., dur k. 

To Discern, (perceive) dekhna, bilokna, 
(distinguish)iratiyax i.,ma"lum i.,bujhna. 

DiscERNER, imtiyazi, tiir-baz, naijir. 

Discernible, dekhne-jog, zilhir, khula. 



DIS 

Discerning, {nrlj.) saliib-nazar, nukta-ras. 

Discernment, tamlz, zlrakl, shu'ur, binisli. 

Pci-sono/" Discernment, saliib-tab", akil. 

Discharge, {exptosion,q.v.) shaikh, shalk, 
{dakh.) jharat, dewar, {deed of release) 
farigh-Mjafll: — from an obligation, sfifl- 
-naraa, {dismission) taghirl, bar-tarfl, 
rukhsat, {liberation) chhutkar, clihutti, 
khalasl. riha'i, {of debt) soilh, {perform- 
ance) ada, nibah, {vent) nikal. 

To Discharge, {fire off) chhorua, daghua, 
chalana, (a debt, &(c.) ada k., bharna, 
{dismiss) jawab d., bar-taraf k., taghTr A., 
{free) chhurana, klialas A., {perform) 
karna, nibahna, baja lana, {unload)\itarari, 
{pour out) dalna, {to empty out) kharij i. , 
nikal d., {as a weapon) chalana, bfihna. 

To be Discharged, chhutna, chhutna, 67. 

Disciple, chela, talmiz, sikh, shagird, mu- 
rid, {of Jesus) hawiu'I : to become a — , 
dast-bai' A. : to mate a — of, mundna. 

Discipline, {instruction) tadib, tarbiyat, 
{punishment) tarublh, siyasat, tarna, {regu- 
lation) zabt, arastagi, intizam {subjection) 
hukm, bas, {mortification) jog, tapasya. 

ToDiscipline, tarbiyat A.,tadTb k., {punish) 
tamblh d., saza se durust k., {regulate) 
band o bast k. 

roDiscLAiM,inkar /;.,chlior d., milk taik k. 

To Disclose, iz'liar k., zahir k., khol d. 

Disclosed, makshiif, fash : to be — , kliulna. 

Disclosure, raukashafa, iz'har, bayan, 111. 

Discoloration, ehha'in, chbip, {in the 
face, Sfc,) sell. 

To Discolour, bad-rang k., diigliT k. 

To DiscoMFiT.maghlubi., chit k., jTtna. 

Discomfiture, bhang, parajai.har, sliikast. 

To Discompose, Ijairan k., muztarib k., 
{trouble) chherna, satana, tasdi" d., {dis- 
place) ulat-pulat k., barham darham k. 

Disconcerted, la-jawab, muztarib, Ijairan. 

Disconsolate, dilglr, malul,udas, afsurda. 

Discontent, Discontentment, na-kami, 
kam-dimaghi, na-khushi, be-sabrl. 

Discontent, Discontented, be-sabr, na- 

Discontinuance, {cessation) nagha, ta'til, 
wakfa, {disruption) fasila, fark. 

To Discontinue, nagha k., munkati" k. 

Discord, Discordance, bigar, be-ittifaki, 
phut,chakha-chakh!, 63, {in music) betiili. 

Discordant, mukhtalif, anmel, {in music) 
betai. 

Singing Discordantly, {sttbst.) khat-rag. 

To Discover, {manifest) zahir k., fash k., 
paida k., {find) pana, dhiindh nikalna, 
{invent) ikhtira' k., Ijad k., {find out) 
ma*liim k., biijhna, janna, {tell) kahnil, 
{shew) batlana, {spg) dekhna. 

3, paidii, makshiif, munkashif. 



DIS 

To be Discovered, daryiift h. 
Discoverer, kashif, kashshaf, yabanda. 
Discovery, daryaft, {revealing) iakishaf. 
Discount, batta, {or premium) chota (902). 
To Discourage, {depress) dabana, {deter) 

daranil. To be Discouraged, jiharna. 
Discourse, guftgCi, guft-o-shaniid, bat, 

bat-chit, kil-o-kal, {speech) kalima, {trea- 
tise) risala. 
To Discourse, batiyana, bat-chit k. 
Discourser, mutakalhm, goyanda, bakta. 
Discourteous, bad-akhliik, be-muriiwat. 
DiscouBTESY,he-muriiwati,riikha'i,(doA/i.) 

dhoka. 
Discredit, be-l"tibarl, be-hurmati, ruswa'I. 
To Discredit, {to disbelieve) na-mannii, {to 

disgrace) bad-nam k., be-abrii k. 
DisCREET,ba-tam!z,lkibat-andesh,hoshyiir. 
Discreetly, tadbir se. 
Discrepant, nii-saz. 
Discretion, imtiyaz, tamlz, hoshyarl, bi- 

bek, akl, fikr, {will) iUitiyiir, marzi, bas. 
Discretionary, mutlaku-1-inan. 
To Discriminate, imtiyaz k., pahchanna. 
Discrimination, imtiyaz,tamiz,bibek, fark. 
Discriminative, mumaiyiz. 
Discus,chakr,chakkar,(o/"Vishnu)sudarsan. 
To Discuss, {loosen) hall k., {examine) 

talikik k., {disperse) tahlil A. 
Discussion, {examination) mubahasa,bahs, 

charclia, radd-badal, {of a tumour) tahlil. 
DiscuTiENT, dravak, mahallil. 
DisPAiN.ihilnat.tahkir. hikarat. khushiinat. 
To Disdain, halka janna, na-chizsaraajhna. 
Disdainful, mutakabbir, maghriir. 
Disease, rog, bimari, maraz,azar, be-arami, 

lUat, byiidh, {in horses) bad-khor, mothrii, 

barsati, tah-marna : feigning — , tamaruz. 
To Disease, bimari-., iizar d., he-chain k. 
Diseased, mariz, bimar, rogi, azari, dukhi. 
To Disembark, jahaz se kinare utarnii, 

{v. a.) utarna. 
To Disembogue, samundar men (darya'on 

ka) dakhil h., nikalna, phCit nikalna. 
To Disenable, he-iii:;'..;rir /,■., ''•,,■ k. 

TbDlSENCHANT.jrnlr : i\ •• ' i i ' i i 1 ■] liMlkna 

To Disencumber, \<\.\- ,■ i ili i /. ., Imlka k. 

To Disengage, jud."i k., kholnfi, chhura d. 

DisENGAGED,(MWCTK/)toj/erf)mu'attal,fiirigh, 
{released) riha, Idialas, {not betrothed) 
ghair nam-zad : to be ■ — , nichint h. 

DiSENGAGEDNESS, itlak. 

Disengagement, chhutkara,chhuttl, 1487. 
To Disentangle, sidjhana, (balase) rihai. 
Disesteem, be-'zzati, subki : to — , halka 

Disfavour, be-iltifiiti, na-mihrbanl. 
Disfiguration, bad-numa'i, bad-siiratl. 
To Disfigure, surat bigarna, bad-numaA-. 
Disfigured, bi-rup. 

7 P 



DI,S 



2283 



Disfigurement, kudaull. 

To Disgorge, chhant k., radd k., chhiindna. 

Disgrace, ruswa'I, 5r, rO-siyiihl, khiffat, 
tafzlh, nang, apaman, tahattuk, subki, 
'lib, fazihat, {being out of favour) taghiri, 
ma*zuli, i*tiraijl. 

To Disgrace, {dishonour) hurmat torna, 
iibrii utiirni, {removefrom office)ma'zu.\k. : 
— by public punishment, handaua. 

To be a Disgrace upon, harf A. 

To mcM/- Disgrace, munh kiilai., harf ana. 

Disgraced, be-izzat, be-man, ruswa, rfi- 
-siyah, be-hurmat, be-abru, apamani, 
{dismissed) ma'ziil. 

To be Disgraced, nazron se girna, fazIhatA. 

Disgraceful, fazlli,fazihatl,kabil.i,ma"yiib. 

Disgracefulness, ruswa'I, kalank, tafzih. 

Disguise, bhekh, bbes, {mimickry) swing, 
sang, {pretence) bahana, Ijila. 

To Disguise, {hide) chhipana, poshlda*., 
{by dress) bhes badalna, siirat baniinii, 
{make drunk) sarshar k., matwala k. 

Disguised, khufya: — in liquor, nashe meu. 

Disgust, nafrat, karahiyat, bezari, 437. 

To Disgust, kurhana, bezar A., na-khnsh k. 

Disgusted, na-khush. mutanaiiir, beziir : 
to be — , kurhna, ji phir j., ghiniyana. 

Disgustful, Disgusting, karih, malo-iih, 
ghinghina, ghinana, nii-kabiil, nji-gawar. 

Dish, rikabi, sahn, sahnak, tabak, kab, 
hiisan, bartan, thai, thali, sin, mushkab. 

Dish of food, pula'o, siilan, salna, boghra, 
kaliya, karhi : kind of — without gravy, 
do-piyaza : — made of eggs, chiUi : — 
made offiesh, rice, &fc., pula'o : — made 
of pease-meal, pakora, pakaurl : — made 
of pulse, Sfc, barl, tahu-i : — made of 
pulse and rice, khichrl : — made from 
parched rice, churQ'a : — meat or fish, 
Sfc, eaten tcith bread or rice, salan, sah.ii. 

Keeper of the Dishes, rikab-dar. 

To Dishearten, dant-khattei.,dilbatorna. 

Dishevelled, pareshan : — lock, zulf-i- 
-pareshaa: to be Dishevelled, bikharna. 

Dishonest, na-riist, be-iman, adharml. 

Dishonesty, na-rasti, be-imani, khiyanat. 

Dishonour, rii-siyahi, ruswa'I, be-wakri, 

apaman, apajas, be-abrii'i, be-izzati. 
To Dishonour, be-hurmat k., be-abru k. 

Dishonourable, be-iibrii, be-hurmat. 

Dishonoured, be-abrii, he-man, ruswa. 

Disinclination, nafrat, daregh. 
To Disincline, dil phemfi. 

Disingendousness, khota'i, riyakarl. 

Disingenuous, khota, riyakiir, kapatl. 

Disinherited, mahjiibu-l-irs (.'), {met.) 

banwas. 
Disinterested, be-gharaz, sina-saf. 
Disinterestedness, be-gharazl. 
To Disjoin, juda *., bilagna, algana. 



2286 



DIS 



Disjoined, munfakk, munkati'. 

To Disjoint, {v. a.) jor alag k., band band 

juda *., be-rabt *., (r. n. fall in pieces) 

tukre tukre A. 
DisjDNCTiON,iftirak,juda'I,firak,biclihoha. 
Disjunctive conjunction, liarf-i-tardid. 
Disk, chambar, tabak, (of the sun or moon) 

kurs, manclal. 
Dislike, i'raz, karahat, chirh, gurez, 1564. 
To Dislike, nafrat *., i'raz rakhna. 
To Dislocate, (v. a.) ukharna, haddltalna. 
Dislocation, faskh, haddl ka jor chhutna. 
To Dislodge, sarkana, nikal d., bahar i. 
Disloyal, namak-haram, be-wafi, bagbi. 
Disloyalty, namak-bararai, be-watu'i. 
Dismal, (dire) bhayanak, haulnak, muhib, 

{dreary) sunsan, lak o dak, {dark) tarik, 

{sad) udas, ghamgin. 
Dismalness, haulnaki, gbamglnl, udasi. 
To Dismantle, {strip) nanga *., {a town) 

shahr-panah torna. 
Dismay, dahshat, haul, khauf, bhai, nirasi. 
To Dismay, himmat torna, darana, be-dil *. 
To Dismiss, {send away) nikisat k. or d., 

wida" k., bida*., {discharge) bar-taraf *., 

jawab d., {divest of office) taghir k., ma"- 

zuli., {a suit) bhang k., na-masmu"A. 
Dismissed, bar-taraf, ma'zul, murakhkhas. 
Dismission, Dismissal, rukhsat, {from 

office) bar-tarfi, ma'zull, taghiri. 
To Dismount, (». n.) utarna, ghore par se 

utarna, nuzul k., {v. a.) utarna, girana. 
Disobedience, sar-kashi, na-farmanT,hath. 
Disobedient, sar-kash, na-farman, machla. 
To Disobey, sarkashl*., kaha na-manna, 

na-farmSni k. : — orders, udfj-ljukml k. 
To Disoblige, ranjida*., bezari., kurhana. 
Disobliging, be-muruwat, riikhii, durusht. 
Disorder, darhami, pareshanl, {trouble) 

ghabrahat, izfirab, (femaW) hangama, har- 

barl, {indisposition) biraarl, azar, kasal : 

in — , ut-patang : to — , pareshan k. 
Disordered, pareslian, ashufta, {unwell) 

mariz, kahilii, {ayitaled) muztarib : to 

be — , hal be hai h. 
Disorderly, abtar, na-hamwar : — con- 
duct, biinkpan. 
To Disown, inkar k., mukarna, munkir h. 
To Disparage, kam-kadr k., halka k. 
Disparaging, Disparagement, nak?. 
Disparity, tafanut, phiitT, iklitilaf, byora. 
Dispassionate, halTm, bc-laga'o, rast-baz. 
To Dispel, dur *., urana, raf *., daf" k. 
Dispensary, dawa-khana. 
Dispensation, {distribution) taksim, bant, 

{exemption) farman-i-mu'afi, ijazat. 
To Dispense, {distribute)bantna, takslmi., 

phaih'inii : — with, mu'&f k., chbima k. 
Dispensed with, mu'Jf, chhuta. 
The Dispensing of justice, adl-gustarl. 



DIS 

To Disperse, urana, chhitkana,muntashiri. 
Dispersed, mutafarrik, muntashir, tin- 

-terah, titar-bitar : to be — , chhitakna. 
Dispersion, pareshanl, tafrika, paragan- 

dagl, intishar : — of clouds, SfC, pharcha. 
To Dispirit, azurda*., man torna, darana. 
Dispirited, be-Iau, khatir-ashufta, be-dil. 
To be Dispirited, murjhana, afsurda h. 
T'oDiSPLACE,adU-badlii.,((fmn!Ss)'"*''^"'*- 
Display, dikha'o, phalla'o, iz'har, namud. 
To Display, dikhana, kholna, zahir k. 
Displayed, kushada, munkashif. 
Displaying, {subst.) mukashafa, {in com- 
pos.) kusha, numa. 
7'oDisPLEASE,knrhana,ruthanfi,na-k]iush*. 
Displeased, na-lchush. bezar, azurda, ran- 

jlda,udas: — withevert/thing,hai-dSimhgb. 
To be Displeased, bura manna, munh 

phirna, rona, risana, 2033, 1168: to be 

inwardly — , ghor ghuntna. 
Displeasing, na-gawar, na-pasand, bad. 
Displeasure, na-khyshi, khafei. bezarl, 

azurdagi, i*tirazi, bad-damaghi, itab. 
Disposal, tasarruf : at one's — , ikhtiyarl. 
To Dispose, {arrange) tamhid k., sanwarna, 

band o bast A., {incline) raghib k., ma'il*. 
To Dispose of, {give) deua, hiba k., {sell) 

bechna. 
Disposed , murattab, arasta, {inclined) ma'il. 
Disposer, murattib, nazini, {giver) data. 
Disposition, {order) intizam, band bast, 

arastagl,(<e»!^c?-)mizaj, tab", kbo, tabi'at. 
Dispositions, siyar, shamii'il : of bad — , 

niradar : of good — , kam-sharr. 
roDispossESS,kliarijX;., nikrdrf., bedakhU-. 
Disproportion, na-barabari, tafawut. 

DiSPROPORTIONAL, DISPROPORTIONATE, 

na-muwafik, na-barabar, ghair rau'tadil. 
To Disprove, radd A., jhutiilna, batil *. 
Disputant, liujjatl, bahhas, bibadi, mujadil. 
Disputation, bahs, hujjat, mubahasa. 
Disputatious, hujjati, jhagrfdfi, takrarl. 
Dispute, bahs, jhagra, bakhera, mubahasa, 

takrar, bad, niza", munazara, mujadala : 

getting rid of a — , raf"-i-sharr : to settle 

a — , ki?sa kotah *. : to — , bahasna, 

takrar k. , jhagarna. 
Disputer, bahhas, hujjati. 
Disputing, {subst.) liarf o hikayat, kawish. 
To DisauALiFY, na-la'ik k., na-sha'ista k. 
DisauiET, Disquietude, be-araml, tash- 

wTsh, kalak, khar-khar, {dakh.) 1731. 
To DisauiET, satana, khijana, chherna. 
DisauisiTiON, tafaljhu?, munazara. 
Disregard, kam-nigahl, be-ilti(ati, ghaflat. 
To Disregard, na-manna, {look over) 

cha-shm-poshi k., {neglect) ghaflat k. 
Disregarded, an-suna. 
Disregardkul, bad-lihaii. 
Disrepute, bad-iiaml, ruswa'i, be-kadrl. 



DIS 

Disrespect, tark-i-adab, be-adabi, dhi- 

tha'i, anadar : to treat with — , 1 542. 
DisuESPECTFtJL,bad-lihaz,be-adab,nu-adar. 
Disrespectfully, be-adabl se, be muhaba. 
Dissatisfaction, na-shadi, na-muradl. 
Dissatisfied, bad-damagh, nii-riiz, bezar. 
To Dissect, katna, tashrih k., {examine) 



Dissecting a body. Dissection, tashrih. 

Dissembler, rlya-kar, mura'i, makkar. 

To Disseminate, phailana, sha'i' k. 

Dissension, mukhalafat, an-bana'o, phiit : 
— arising between two people, girih parna. 

Dissent, inkar, na-muwafakat, ikhtilaf. 

To Dissent, na-muwafik A. , ikhtilaf rakhna. 

DissENTiENT.mukhalif.mnnkir.na-muwafik 

Dissertation, risala, nuskha. 

Disservice, nuksan, zarar, ziyan. 

Dissimilar, na-muwafik, mukhtalif. 

Dissimulation, riya, ighmaz, mulabasat, 
mudarat: toactwith — , bak-dhyan lagana. 

To Dissipate, chhitkana, uriina, {spend) 
israf k., urana : — reflection, ji bahlana. 

Dissipated, muntafi, {dissolute) aubash : 
to be — , {consumed) chat h., {dispersed) 
chhitakna. 

DissiFATioi^,{prodiyality) israf, {debauch- 
ery) aubashi, {dispersion) intishar,phaila'o. 

To Dissolve, (». n. melt) ghulna, galna, 
pighalna, {as an assembly) barkhast //., 
{v. a. melt) ghulana, galana, hall k., 
gholna, pighlana. 

Dissolved, gudaz : to be — , hall h., galna. 

DissoLVENT,DissoLVER,(mcomj-ios.)gudaz. 

Dissolving, (sMis<.)tahlil, galawat,(a mar- 
riage) faskh, (part, in compos.) gudaz. 

DissoLUTE,be-rah, awara, be-kaid, lampat. 

Dissoluteness, aubashi, beiahi,chhutkheli. 

Dissolution, gudaz, gudakhtagi, (death) 
maut, (annihilation) nesti, nabiidi, (of an 
assembly) barkhast. 

Dissonant, na-saz, be-mel, na-mnwafik. 

To Dissuade, baz rakhna, man' k. 

Dissuadeb.Dissuasive, mani", muzahim. 

Dissuasion, man', muzahamat, imtina'. 

Distance, fark, masafat, muRsala, tafawut, 
duri, pallii, bu'd, bain, (respect) adab, 
sanmiin, (reserve) kashidagi, mahjuhi, 
sard-mihri : 0/ a — , pare, dur : great — , 
kale kos : to keep at a — , dur k. 

Distant, ba'id, dur, diir-daraz, par, (re- 
served) mahjub, (in behaviour) rukha, na- 
-ashna-mizaj . 

Distaste, nafrat, (dislike) bad-mazagl. 

DiSTEMPER,bimari, iizar, rog, maraz,kasala. 

To Distend, (». n.) pasarna, phailna, 
(»'. a.) pasarna, phailana, phulana. 

Distention, phaih'v'o, phulii'o, nafkh. 

Distich, bait, doha, dohra, 126. 

DisTiciis, abyiit. 



DIS 



DIV 



DOM 



2287 



To Distil, (». n.) tapaknS, cliiinri, (j). a.) 
tapkana,cho'ana,chul;infi,(«;;ir!7«)abkarI/(:. 
Distillation, ab-kari, arak-chula'i, 681. 
Distilled, chakida : double — , do-atasha. 
Distiller, ab-kar, sunn, kalar, kalwar. 
Distillikq, (part.) mukattir, chakan. 
Distinct, (different) mutafarrik.alag, judii, 
nyara, alahida, mufassal, (clear) khula, 
saf, zahir, wazih, (specified) mukarrar. 

Distinction, (difference) fark, byora, ta- 
(avint, (separatirj?i) imtiyfiz, tafrika, tamiz, 
firak, tashkhis, (/•««/!•) i'tizfiz, slifin: per- 
son of — , imtiyazi, khwfija. 

Distinctly, mufassal, byaurewar, tafsllwar. 

To Distinguish, (judge) imtiyaz Xr., tamiz 
i., (separate) fark A-., tafrika i., (give 
preference) barhana, mash'hur k. 

Distinguished, mumtaz, sarfaraz, naml. 

To Distort, marorna, terha A., pecb d. 

Distortion, maror, pechish, (of the face) 
lakwa. 

To Distract, (co>ifound)muzt!Lnb h. , (tease) 
khijana, satana, (make mad) diwana k. 

Distracted, pareshan, byakul, ashufta, 
muztarib, ghabra, 1272, (mad) diwana, 
sauda'I : see Mad. 

To ie Distracted, (confused) akulana : — 
by assassinating a person, klifin sir cliarh- 
na: — with rage, bhut h., bluit banna. 

Distractedly in love, mubauwas. 

Distraction, {commotion) iztirab, harbari, 
waswas, asbuftagi, (confusion) pareshani, 
tashwish, (madness) dlwanagi, sauda : — 
o/mz«d,«ishuftagT, waswas, bairani, 125. 

Distress, (affliction) santap, kasht. tasdl', 
taklif, !za, azTyat, dukh, kurbat, dil-tangl, 
(adversity) bipat, zarr, (indigence) tangi, 
tang-dasti, sitob, darmandagi: to be in — , 
ba-tang h., 838 : to suffer — or trouble, 
dukh bharna. 

To Distress, iza d., tasdl' </., tang k. 

In Distress, Distressed, rauztarr, dukhi, 
tang, tang-dast, ashufta, pareshan, na-char. 

To he Distressed, ba-tang ana, tat rabna. 

To Distribute, bantna, taksim k., bissa k. 

Distributer, kasim, bantait, (of justice) 
raunsif,nya'I,(l'/cfaa& to guests) parosaiya. 

Distribution, taksTm, kismat, inkisam. 

District, maballa, ta'alluk, zil", tappfi, 
pargana, cbakla, (jurisdiction) amal. 

Distrust, guman, sandeh, shuhha, raib. 

To Distrust, guman rakhna, be-i'tikad h. 

DiSTRUSTFUI.,sandebi,bad-gumani,waswasI. 

To Disturb, khijana, chherna, hilkorna, 15. 

Disturbance, (interruption) khalal. ta- 
kliallul. (tumult) hangama, hullar, iishob, 
harj-marj, harbari : to raise or cause a — , 
hangama k., ag uthana. 

Fomenter o/'Disturbances, fitna-angez. 

Disturbed, muztarib, mushauwash, byakul, 



(distracted) ashufta, sborida: lobe — tuith 
grief or jealousy, kaleja phatnii. 

Disturber, mukhill,fitna-angez,fasadl, 993. 

Disunion, bilag,juda'i, (discord) be-ittifakl. 

To Disunite, judii k., alag k., alahida k. 

Disuse, be-isti'mali. Disused, 1837. 

Ditch, khandak, kha'T, garii, paighar, 898. 

Ditto, hamana, yak-san, tatha, aizan. 

Ditty, git, sarod, naghma. Divan, diwan. 

To DiVARicATE,phutna,bichhorna,biIagna. 

Dive, ilubki, dub, dob, srhota. 

7'oDiVE.(iribnri,burna,djotarirdubkImarnii. 

Diver, buriyfi, marjiyii, (for pearls) ghaw- 
was, (the ivaterfowl) pandubl, jalkukkar. 

Divers, ko'I-ko'I, bahut-bahut, chand. 

Diverse, anwa'.mukhtalif.mutafawit.nyara. 

DiVERSiFiCATiON,tabaddul,tabdIl,tagliaiyur 

Diversion, (amusement) tafannun, tafarruj, 
bihar, kautuk, tamasha, dil-lagl, (in war) 
bhulawa, lilla, (turning) inhiraf. 

Diversity, ikhtilaf.ta gh ayur, tajawuz, fark. 

To Divert, bahlana, khilana, (turn away) 
munharif k. : — a discourse, bat mama. 

To Divest, utarna, le-lenil, (free) khali k. 

ToDivide, (separate')]\ii!L i.,alag k., (halve) 
do-nim k., (ilixtrHmtA bantna, taksim A. : 
— the linii- ill n slrniijld line on the top of 
the head, nifili:;- nikaln'i. 

Divided, maksiim, uiuukasam, mujazza. 

Dividend, bant, bakhril, hissa, kist, (in 
arithmetic) maksum, harya, (of a bank- 
rupt's property) damasahi. 

Divider, (distributer) bantait, kasim. 

Dividing, (subst.) taksim, kismat, 694, 
(adj.) mukassim : — so as to produce a 
fraction, takslr. 

Divination, rami, ilm-i-ghaib, kihanat. 

Divine, ilahl, bhagwant, ezidi, yazdani, 
rabbani, khuda'I. rabmani : a — , ma- 
sha'ikh, ahl-i-fikh : — being, lahut. 

ToDiviNE, ta'bir k., batlana, (guess) bujh- 
na, tarna, ghaibdani k., peshgo'i k. 

Diviner, gbaib-dan, shugiiniya, rammal. 

Divinity, (divine state) khuda'I. Iswarta, 
ilahiyat, (theology) ilm-i-ilahl, (an idol) 
tbakur, dewta. 

Division, taksim, inkisam, infisal, tafaruk, 
tafrik (share) bant, banta, kismat, hissa, 
bhag, ans, (section) fasl, skaudh, khand, 
adhyaya, bab, (discord) ikhtilaf. bigar, 
an-bana'o, (class) firka, (part, fragment) 
kit'a, tukra, (partition) ot, parda, (in 
arithmetic) kismat, haran : — of a country, 
chakla, sarkar, pargana, zil", mahalla, 
mahall, khanelh : — ■ of an army, dasta, 
ghol : — of a house, khan, khand : — of 
the hair, part, patti (462, 488). 
Divisor, (in arith.) maksum alaihi, harak. 
Divorce, talak, jorii khasam ki juda'I : 
to — , talak (f.,katkhuda'i ke akd se azad k. 



Divorced, (woman) mutallaka. 

Diuretick, drawak, mudirr, idrar-awar, 
muta'u (?) : — medicine, indrl-jullab. 

Diurnal, dinkii, rozlna, yaumiya. 

To Divulge, ishtihar k., phorna, fash k. 

Divulged, fish, manshiir, sha'i', mustaflz. 

Divulging, (subst.) ishtihar, i'lan, intisliar. 

Dizziness, khlragl, dauran-i-sar, ghumrl. 

To he Dizzy, sir ghumna. 

To Do, karna, kina, amal men lana, banana, 
bannii, rachana, ba-ja lana, bona, cha- 
lana, 1608, 2075, («?/^ee)kifayat*.,banna, 
lahna, chalna, (finish) akliir k., nibahna, 
(fare) bona: — with, (deal with) alaka 
rakhna, mu'amala k. : to cause — .karwana. 

Docile, tarbiyat-pazlr,sals, adhin, tez-zihn. 

Dock, (for ships) khiirl, godi (Roeb.). 

Docked, (crept) lunda. 

Dockyard, karkhana. 

Doctor, (instructor, learned, q. v.) muUa, 
maulavl, alim, mudarris, mu'allim, (phy- 
sician) tabib, hakim, baid, (in law) fakih, 
(one very learned) allama. 

Doctors, ulama, hukama, atibba, fukahfi. 

DocTORSHip, muUa'i. Doctrine, ta'lira. 

Document, sanad, hukm-nama, dalil, pattar. 

Dodder, akas-pawan. To Dodge, kaniyana. 

Doe, harni, mrigi, gawazn. 

Doer, karta, fa'il, amil, karne-wala. 

To DoFF,utar d., dur k., alag k., alahida k. 

Dog, kutta, sag, kukar, swiin, lend! : — 
which accompanied the seven sleepers, 
kitmir: — cheap, (dakh.) bala'o, (351) : 
— collar, patta : — headed, sag-sar : — • 
keeper, doriya, sag-ban : — kennel, tazl- 
-khana : — louse, kilnl, nard. 

Dogma, ka'ida, kaniin. 

Dog's-tongue, (the herb) lisanu-1-kalb. 

Doing, Doings, karan, karna, kiyii, kam. 

Doleful, Doleso.me, nialfil, udas, dilglr. 

Dolichos bifiorns, km-thi, kulthi : — cat- 
jang, bora, (dakh.) barbat : — lablnb, 
sem : — pruriens, kiwanch,katol, kewanch, 
49 : — sinensis, rawaus, (dakh.) chaula. 

Doll, gudda, guriya, guriya, la'bat, 481. 

Dolphin, dulfin,dulfin, (constellation) 1101. 

Dolt, dabang,jar, kunda, sada-lauh,gawdi. 

Dome, kubba, gumbaz, kalsi. 

Domestic, Domestical, (tame) kh.angl, 
gharela, dast-amoz, hila, (not strangers) 
bhitariya, (fond of home) khana-dost : — 
conceits, gharbarl : — economy, kliana- 
-dari, girhisti : — enemy, astin ka samp. 
Domestic, (servant, adherent) wa-basta. 
Domestics, wabastagan, lawahik, shagird- 

-pesha : — and baggage, amala-fa'ala. 
Domesticated, hila, ram, gharela. 
Domination, tasallut, sardarl, zabar-dastl. 

To Domineer, tahakkum *., zabar-dastl *. 
Dominion, (sway) bukumat, tahakkum, 



22SS 



DOU 



hakimi, riyasat, sultani, saltanat, kalam- 
-rau, farman.-rawa'i, amal-dari, {terri- 
tory) mamlukat, mulk, raj, des, olka : 
absolute —, istibdad, istiklal, tasallut. 

Donation, Donative, dan, bakhshish. 

Done, kiya, karda.bana hu'a, {agreed, bar- 
gained) bhala, achehha, has, {finished) 
chuka-hu'a, khatm, {cooked) pukhta, 
pakka : to have — , chukna : necessary to 
be — , kardanl : to cause to be — , karana. 

Donor, data, bakhshanda. wahib, dene-wala. 

Do not. Don't, mat, ahan, ahan, jane do. 

DooM,sazayajarimanekahukin,(/a<e)nasib. 

To Doom, saza ya jarlmane ka hukm k. 

Doomed to be slain, khun-girifta. 

D00.MSDAY, roz-i-kiyamat, malishar. 

Door, {portal) darwaza, dar, dwar, dargah, 
(lewrhi, dihuri, paurl, paur, bar, bab, 
{wooden part) kewkr, 1030: shutter of a 
— , palla, pat : to close a — with bricks, 
darwaza chunna:/rom — to — , dar-ba-dar. 

Door-frame, chaukhat : kind of — , sahautl. 

Doorkeeper, darbfin, darwan, dewrhl-dar, 
pauriya, dwar-pal : office of — , dwarpall. 

Dormant, {sleeping) sota, {secret) niakhfi. 

Dormitory, khwab-gah, khwab-gah. 

Dorsers, palan. Dose, {in med.) sharbat, 
parimaii,^urak,matra,(yMa«<!<^)mikdar. 

Dot, bunda, sunna, nukta -.to — , nukta d. , 
nukta-rezl k., {the skin) godna. 

To be mone'iDoTAGE, {from age)s&th\yaaa.. 

Dotard, Doteb, Doting, {on a mistress) 
farefta, shefta, {from age) kharif, sattara- 
-bahattara. 

To Dote, {be fond) chur A., nihayat pyar i. 

Double, duna, do-guna, dugna, duhra, doh- 
ra, musanna, inuza'af, do-gana, do-tab, 
dota : — barrelled, {a gun) do-nall : — • 
dealer, do-ranga, riya-kar : — dealing, 
do-rangl, riya-kari : — entendre, janika : 
— faced, do.fukba, do-ru : playing — or 
quits, dussar : — stakes'at dice, H^c, dus- 
sar : — tongved, du-zabau, {dakh.) do- 
-jTbT ; of — breed, du-ragga. 

To Double, dubrana, {to fold) nawfina. 

Doubled, muza'af, 1917, {a letter) 1908. 

Doublet, angarkha, {dakh.) chuga, anga. 

Doubling, {aubst.) taz'if, dohra'o. 

Doubt, shakk, shubha, raib, dubdha, chin- 
ta, sansa, sandeh, khatka, kharka, guraan, 
waswas, dharka, dhokha, 213: free from 
— , nissandeh : to be in — , sat-pancli k. 

To Doubt, {diglrust) shakk i., guman k., 
{fear) dama, {hesitate) pas pesh *., 
aga pichhai., khutakna. 

Doubtful, {ambiguous) musbtabih, {in sus- 
pense) do-dila, du-chlt, bbarmila, ishti- 
babl, shakki, muzabzab, mashkuk, {sus- 
picious) sandchi, {hazardous) khafar-nak. 

Doliiter, Doubting, shakki, wa.swasl. 



DR.A. 

Doubtless, be shakk o shubha, la-raib. 

Dove, fakhta, kabutar, kapot: kind of — , 
chatokha, iiitaya : — colour, f^khta'i. 

Dovecot, kabutar-khana. {dakh.) dhabri. 

Dovetail, {in joiners' work) chul. 

Dough, gundhan, 1830, 2010: round lump 
of — , lu'i : thin — or pap for feeding 
birds, gonda. To Douse, ghota d., 
ghota khana, dubki marna. 

Dowdy, phuhar, gegli. 

Dower, Dowry, {marriage portion) jahez, 
dahez, daija, {jointure) mahr, kabin. 

Down, {small hair) rom, ro'an, rungta, 
{of the chin) sabza, khatt, {nap of cloth, 
S{C.) purza, khwab, {downwards) niche, 
tale, faro, heth ; — the river, with the 
stream, bhathi : to bring — , latarua : to 
come — , farod ana, utama : to go — , {to 
set) ghurub h., ast h. 

Downcast, sar-nigun, sharmgm, mahjub. 

Downfall, kharabi, tabahi, inhidam. 

Downright, {open) saf, sarih.khula, {plain) 
sada, sidha, rast, {complete) thik, pura, 
kamil, saklit. nihayat. 

Downwards, nichhe, faro, farod, tale. 

Downy, pasbmi, ru'I-sa, khwab-dilr. narm. 

Dowry, {dakh.) pind, deju : see Dower. 

Doze, Dozing, ungha'i, kachi nlnd. 

To Doze, unghna, alsana, jhapki men h. 

Dozen, barah, do'azda. 

Drab, {trull) tarsal, kahba, paturiya, 
{cloth) ek kism ka kapra, {colour) ek 
kisra ka rang. 

DRACotiTivu polyphyllum, jangli kanda. 

Draff, phok, khali, slth (? : dakh.) pol. 

Draft, {sketch) khaka. ( for money)pat,tip. 

Drag, {pull) khicha'o, {hook, dakh.) an- 
kora : — fort caching hawks, dogs, S(c. 
to hunt, ba'oll. 

To Drag, {trail, v. a.) ghasltna, suhama, 
{v. n.) ghasitna, suhama, {draw) khainch- 
na: see To Draw. To Draggle, 
litharna, 1784. IToie Draggled, 1777. 

Dragnet, maha-jal, chatar. 

Dragon, azhdaha, 98 : water — , nihang. 

Dragon's blood, damu-1-akhwain. 

Dragoon, sawar, sawar ya piyada. 

Drain, mulirl, monhri, nail, badar-rau. 

To Drain, {strain off) chhanna, nichorna, 
pfini nikal dalna, {make dry) sukhaiia, 
{empty) kliali i. 

Drake, bat, bat-nar, badakli, bata. 

Dram, {weight) dirham, miskfd (?), {of 
spirits) ghunt. 

Dramatick composition, nfitak. 

Draper, bazziiz, parcha-farosh. 

Draught, {of liquor) g\\unt, ghut, jur'a, 
{drawing) khicha'o, khaiiich, koshish, 
{delineation) naksha, musauwada : — of a 
teller, i(c., taswid, kbarra 1 — (/ an ac- 



DRE 

co!m^ khasr.'i: — o//fsAes,ekdaf'lkIutha'i 
hu'i machhliyau : — of soldiers, fauj ka ek 
guroh : — of water from the hollow of 
the hand, ok : — on a banker, pat, hundi, 
tip : rough — on paper, musauwada. 

Draughts, nard. DRAUGHTSMAN,nakkash. 

Draw, khainch. To Draw, khaiiichna, 
ghasitna, ainchna, karhna, tanna, {a pic- 
ture) taswir khaincbna or banana, chitar- 
na, chitna, {to suck) chusna, {to inhale) 
lena, {to bring) lana, {at cards) hukm 
uthana or nikiilna, {embotcel) pet chirna, 
(a sword) suntna, siinthna, karhna, 1533, 
{as a plaster) jazb k. : — back, kachiya- 
na, tbathakna, hichakna, hatna : — forth, 
karhna : — in, {v. n. contract) sukarna, 
{v. a. curb) atkana, {inveigle) warghalan- 
na : — nigh, dhSkna, pas ana : — off, 
{skin, Sfc.) karhna, {a fluid) cho'ana : — 
on, {as dress) charhana : — out, khainch 
lena, karhna, chhantna : — up, {shrink) 
sakorna : — up men in close rank, {v. n.) 
tatti bandhna : — wires, tar-kashi k. : to 
cause — , khichwana, khinchana. 

Drawbridge, takhta, lakri ka ek pul jo 
khushi se uthaya aur phenka jawe. 

Drawer, {in a chest, Sj-c.) khana, ghar, 
golak, 903, {in compos., Sfc.) kash, {dakh.) 
ainchu, {of water) ab-kash, pakhali, 
{painter, q. V.) musauwir, nakkash. 

Drawers, {in dress, sAori) janghiya, 1704, 
{long) izar, pa'e jama, tamban, sarwal, 
shalwar : — or sleeves made too long, 906 ; 

— worn by women, tab-posh^, 
Drawing, {subst.) kashish, khainch, khin- 

chawat, {painting, ^c.) musauwin, chitr- 
karl, nakkashi, {in compos.) kashi, {adj.) 
kash, kashan, {as a plaster) jazib : — 
forth of an army, saff-kashi : — in the 
breath,- {adj.) dam-kash : — lots, kur'a : 

— up of an army, ta'biya : — up in line, 
{as two armies) tatblk. • 

Drawn, kashlda, khincha hu'il, munjarr, 
{attracted) majziib : — forth, kushada : 

— game at chaupar, daurl : — game, bar- 
abar (.') : — out, mustakhrai. mut.auwal: 

— sumrd, nangi talwar. 

To be Drawn, khichna, karhna, khinchna : 
—forth,n\ka\ parna : — together, simatna. 

Dread, dar, dahshat, daghdagha, ban, an- 
desha, haibat, wahshat, ghor, mahabat. 

7'oDREAD,darnii,pulpuIanii, dahshat rakhna. 

Dreadful, haibatnak, haulnak, bhayanak. 

Dreadfulness, haulnaki. 

Dreadless, bebak, nidar. 

Dream, kh\yab, Sapn, sapna, roya, bashara. 

To Dream, khwab dekhnfi, basbma dekhna. 

Dreamer, {visionary) viahmi, khayfili. 

Dreariness, jhanjh, sunapat, haulnaki. 

Drearv, sun, sunsan, lukk dakk, baultiak. 



DRI 

Dregs, talchhat, tarchhat, phok, cliurrl, 
duid, takaJdur, rim, mail, 1O58, 1663. 

To Drench, (make wet) bhigona, tarbatar 
k., {force to drink, mcdicinally)\a\i.ah (/.(?). 

Drenched, {oery wet) thak-thak, shorbor. 

To be Drenched JOi'M water, chuchana. 

Dress, kapra {cloth) , kapre {clothes) ,poshSk , 
libas, kapre -wapre, pahanawa, raklit, 
bastar, basan, pahirawan, kiswat, (a suit) 
jora : — worn by fakirs, kafnl: honorary 
— , baga, khil'at, sar-o-pa. 

To Dress, {clothe) paharna, pahanna, pin- 
hana, {dakh.) panna, {adorn) sanwama, 
singama, banana, sajna, 866, {trim) 
cbhantna, {dakh.) 988, {curry a horse) 
kbarkhai-a k. : — a wound, patti bandhna, 
marham rakhna : — victuals, prepare 
leather, S^c, pakana, taiyar k. 

Dressed, arasta, bana-chuna, mulabbas, 
shusta, {in compos.) posh, {as food) pakka, 
matbu^, pukltta, 858 : to be — over a 
slow fire, {a stew, Sfc.) dam khana. 

Dresser, {kitchen table) bawarchl-kbane 
kl mez. 

Dressing, («Mfo<.)ara'ish, bana'o, tim-tam, 
taz'In, {of a sore) marbam. 

DRESsijiG-box.or case, mukaba, singar-dan. 

Dressy, saz-baz. 

To Dribble, tapakna, ehuna. 

Dried up, kharankh: tobe — ,khapna,893. 

Drift, {impulse) ghalaba, {design) irada, 
gharaz, {heap) tuda, dher : — of rain, 
wind, Sfc, baucUiar, {of sand) reg-rawan. 

To Drift, chalana, ambar i. 

Sowing of grain by the Drill, bob, 372. 

Drill, {borer) barma, {military) kawa'id-i- 
-fauj : to — , {bore) salna, bedhna, chhed- 
na, {soldiers) kawa'id sikhlana, ta^Iim k. 

Drink, sharbat, shurb, sharab : given to — , 
995 : to — , plna, nosh k., 2094, ghiintna, 
ghutna, 1138, {greedily) 1128, {as a 
drunkard) nasha khana, {absorb) pi lena, 
khainch lena. 

DRiNKABLE,mashrub,pInekekabiI,pine-jog. 

Drinker, pine-wala, {in compos.) nosh, 
asham, khnr : great — , plwakkar : — of 
bhang, bhangi : see Drunkard. 

Drinking, {subst.) pina, shurb, {adj. in 
compos.) nosh, asham, khi.ir : — and eat- 
ing, ab-khur. 

To Drip, tapakna, chuua, 644: to cause — , 
tapkana, cho'ana, 898. 

Dripping, (sMJs<.)tarawish,cho'an,rash'ha, 

{adj.) tartarata : to be — wet, chuchana. 
To Drive, (». n.) daurna, chalna, bahna, 
{v. a. to drive cattle, &^c.) hankna, chalana, 
daurana, 2184, 2202, {an elephant) hulna, 
{carry on) kama : — away, hankarna, 
thutkarna, 449, bhagana, 1027, 1029: — 
backwards, hatana : — down, {as a nail. 



DRU 

stake, Sf-c.) thonkna, bhonkna, garna, 

thoknii : — in, {force in) dhasana : — 

out, nikalna : — out of the way, talna. 
Drivel, ral, lu'ab : to — , ral dalna orgirana. 
Driveller, ahmak, ga'odi, sada-lauh. 
Driven, Driven out, randa : to be — back, 

hatna : to be — into the earth, {a stake, 

S(c.) garnii, garhna. 
Driver, (o/acam'oire)garIban, {of a herd) 

baldiya. 
Driving, siyakat,hank, (ad/, in co»K?)os.)ran. 
Drizzling, phunhi,phuhar,(daiA.)phuyau. 
Droll, ajab, muz'hik,nak-tora, bhala. 
A Droll, maskhara. hazzal. 
Drollery, maskharagi, maskharapan. 1916. 
Dromedary, sandnl, sanrni, bukhtl. 
Drone, Dronish, maj'hrd, sust, dhila. 
To Drone, susti k., dhll k., unghna. 
To Droop, murjhana, kumhlana, unghna. 
Drooping, {subst.) unghan, {dakh.) mar- 

jhan, {adj.) pazhmurda, nizhand. 
Drop, {of liquid) bund, tapka, tap, katra, 

rish'ha, chakldagi, {of an earring) lolak : 

To Drop, {v. n.fall) parna, gima, {as fruit) 
jharnii, {trickle) tartarana, {distil) tapak- 
na, chima, 1174, {v. a.) girana, dalna, 
chu'ana, chul.ina, tapkana : — a letter, 
ifc, hazf A. ; — in unexpectedly, a parna, 
a jana : — ofjf, {sink, decline) khasna : — 
{utter a word) kahna. 

Dropping, {part, in compos.) chakan, rez, 
{subst. distilling) tarashshuh, cho'an, tak- 
atur : sound made by — , tap, tapak. 

Drops, {worn in the ear, or of a crystal 
lustre) latkan : small — of rain, phunhar. 

Dropsical, mustaski. Dropsy, istiksa, 
787: windy — , kathandar: instrument 
with which they tap for the — , minkab. 

Dross, rim,phokar,fili2z, sitthi, mail, fuzla. 

Drove, galla, tantil, {dakh.) manda, tanda, 
{herd) nar, {of oxen) maweshi, haUyS, {of 
cattle loaded) bardi, {nf camels) katar, {of 
elephants) halka, {a crowd, gang) bhir, 
jama'o, jhuud. 

DROVER,baldiya,gallaban,charwaha,chaupan 

Drought, k]\ushki,kbushk-salI,(Mirs/)piyas 

To Drown, {v. n.) dGbaa, diib mama, 
burna, ghark h., {v. a.) dubona, borna, 
{dakh.) gharap k. 

Drowned, istighrak, gbarik, mustaghrik. 

Drowning, (swto.)duba'o, ghark, istighrak. 

Drowsiness, unghas,ungha'I, nindas, jhap- 
ki,nIm-khwabI,alas,churt:seelNDOLENCE. 

DROWSY,nindasa,khwab-nak, (daiA.)nlndi. 

To Drub, bichha d., pltna, kutna, thonkna. 

Drubbing, mar.pit: to get a — , markhanl. 

Drudge, tahlu'.a, mihnatl, mazdur, kamera. 

ToDrcdge, dhana, tahal-takori., mihnat*. 

Drudgery, tahal, tahal-takor. 

7 Q 



DUL 



2289 



Drug, aushadh, aukbadh, dawa, darman, 
darii : name of a — used as a ferment, 
bakhar: names of certain Drugs, 1538, 
"564. 1591, 1604, 1613, 1665, 1721, 787. 

Druggist, attar, pansari : business of a — , 
aftari. Drugs, adwiya, jari-bati, ma§alili. 

Drum, tabl, dhol, tasa, nargha, duhal,ponga, 
anak, mandal, jaidhak, dhandhka, t.ambur, 
mirdang, marfa, huruk, pakhawaj : — of 
the ear, kan ka parda : a single beat of a 
— , tuk : little — , damru, dholak, {dakh.) 
tamki, dorii : sound of a — , takor. 

To Drum, dhol bajana, tambur thonkna. 

Drummer, dhoUya, tambiirchi, nakkarchi. 

Placeat the door of a palace where McDrums 
arebeaten at stated intervals, nakar-kliana. 

Drumstick, chob. 

Drunk, Drunken, mad-mata, mat-wala, 
matt, mast, kaifi, bad-sharab, sarshar. 

To be Drunk, {intoxicated) nashe men h. 

Drunkard, nasha-khor, sharabl, khammar. 

Drunkenly, mastana. Drunkenness, 
masti, kaif, nasha, sharab -kbwarl, 2008. 

Dry, {arid) khushk, siikha, siika, 1653, 398, 
{thirsty) pyasa, tishna, {plain) rukha, 
sada : — and crackling, khankhar : — 
land, khushkl, barr : — year, khushk sal- 

To Dry, {v. n. become dry) sQkhna, sukna, 
{dakh.) sukhna, {dry up) pani marna, 
siikhna, kumhlana, {dakh.) jirna, sukhna, 
{v. a.) sukhana, sokhna, khushk k., {to 
wipe) ponchna. 

Dryness, khushkl, yubusat, sukhawat. 
{plainness) nikha'I : —of lip, khushk-labi. 

Dual, tasniya, musanna, do-bachan. 

DuBious,mashkuk,mushtabili,ghair-mukarr 

Ducat, dinar. 

Duck, bat, batak : see Darling. 

To Duck, {plunge) dubkl or ghota mama, 
{bow) jhukana, {make duck) dubkl or 

Play of Ducks and drakes, chhichhll : to 
play at — , chhichhll khelna. 

DucT,(te4e)naU. Ductile, chimra,narm. 

Ductility, chimra'I, mulayamat, asanl. 

Dudgeon, na-khnshl, khafgl. adawat, anras. 

Due, {adj. as debt) hakk-dain, {proper) 
la'ik.wajib, thik, {subst. debt)kaT7., {right) 
istihkak, bakk-i-wajib, {tax, toll)mah?n\. 

Duel, khana-jangi, do kl lara'I, 1044. 

Duellist, khana-jang, jang-jo. 

Dues, {rights) hukiik, {ta.ves) rasum. 

Dug, {pap) than, chiichl, chunchi, jijiya. 

To be Dug, khadna. 

Dulcimer, kanun, sitar, tambura. 

Dull, {of intellect) kaudan, kund, ablah, 
{of spirits) na-shad, mu'a, {of sight) 
chondhla, {blunt) kund, {dim) dhundla, 
{muddy) gadla, {foggy) dhundhra ; a — 
colour, mand. 



2290 



DWE 



DuLNESS, {of edge) kundi, {of intellect) 
kundl, ablahl, ahmaki, {of spirits) na- 
-shadl, {of sight) chondhi, {sluggishness) 
susti, kahili, maj'huli, {dimness) dhundh- 
la'i, {suUenness) takaddur, {muddiness) 
gadla'i, {fogginess) dhundhar. 

BuLY, achclihi tarah, kama hakkuhu. 

Dumb, gungi, lal, gung, bukm, {silent) 
chup, kliamosh, {mute, as beasts) be-za- 
ban, an-bol : to be struck — , chupki lag- 
ni : kind of — bell, baghli : club used 
like — bells, mugdar : — waiter, cbarklii. 

DrMBXESS, gungi, khamosfai, be-zabam. 
Sort o/DcMPLiNG, 1846: geast — , isfanj. 

Dix,%)trNNER, (for a debt) karz-jdiwah. 
To Dun, pichhe parna, dhuni d., takaza i, 

Dcx-coLOUBED, ash'hab. 

Dunce, aljmak, gawdl, ut, baKd. 

Dung, {manure) khad, paus, {feces) guh, 
bit, chirkin, baraz, najas, {of birds) pikhal. 
{of goats, Sfc.) lendi, raengni, pishkil, 
mingnl, {of horses or elephants) lid: or- 
biculat of cattle, dimn. 

To Dung, {manure with dung) piinsna. 

DuNGEON,bhaksI,siyah-chah,(rfai^.)gidangi 

Dunghill, pans, gQhariya, tnazbala, ghiir, 
1647, 1826: — cock, khuriis. inja'imurgh. 

Dunning, takaza. 

Dupe, ehiitiya-shahld. To Dupe, bala d. 

Duplicate, musanna, tamsil : — of a bill 
of exchange, par-paith, paith. 

Duplication, dohra'o, {Ingram.) taslidid. 

Duplicity, do-rangi, riya, fareb. 

Durable, da'imi, der-pa, pa'edar, ka'itn. 

Durability, Durableness, Duration, 
der-pa'i, baka, dawam, pa'edari : of long 
— , muzmin : of short — , kam-pa. 

During, bote, bich, rahte, lag, darmiyan. 

DusK,(<wi7iyA<)dhur-sanjh,muiih-andhera. 

Duskiness, andhari. Dusky, dhundhra(?). 

Dust, khak, dhiil, dhir, gliubar, gard : — 
of the Pandanus odoratissimus, gagan- 
dhiil : clouds of — , gliubar : covered or 
defiled u-ith — , gbubar-aluda, gard-filuda : 
to throw — , dhuriyiina. 

To Dust, {shake off dust) phatakna, jharna. 

Dustv, khaki, ghubar-aluda, gard-aliida. 

Duteous, Dutiful, (o« a son) rashid, {obe- 
dient) tabi'dar, farman-bardar. 

Duties, (rights) hukuk, (taxes) rusum. 

Dutifulness, tabi'-dari, ija'at, adhlnata. 

Duty, dharm, farz, (office) khidmat, uhda, 
kam, tahal, (tax) mahsil, khiraj, kar : 
-/re.,a-kar. 

Dwarf, bauna, bittiya, pas-kadd, baman, 
(dakh.) thcngii : a wicked — , cbingi. 

Dwarfish, nata, thengnii, bauna, ba'ona. 

To Dwell, basna, rahna, tikiia : — on a 
subject, jana. 

Dweller, rahwaiya, mul(Tin, bashanda. 



EAR 

Dwelling, maskan, makam, kotlii, dham, 
makan, thikana, khana, dar, basa, man- 
dir, raanzil : — house, haweli, ghar, batl, 
khana : — on a subject, mubalagha. 

To Dwindle, sukarna, sukhna, ghatna. 

Dye, see Die. Dying, (subst. expiring) 
marna, 1881 : — easilg or from jog, sha- 
di-marg: mode of — , (tinging) bandhnii: 
name of a — drug, kamiid : name of a 
drug used for — red, majith : price paid 
for —, ranga'i. 

Dynasty, jatara, saltanat, raj, (familg) al. 

Dysentery, atisar, jiriyan-i-shikam, sitras. 



Each, bar ek, ek ek, ko'i do men se, pra- 
tyek, (per) fi. 

Eager, sar-garm, shaukin, arzumand, 1961. 

Eagerly, ba-raglibat, shauk se, arzii se. 

Eagerness, sar-garmi, shauk, koshish. 

Eagle, ukab, huma : constellation of the 
— , nasru-t-ta'ir : species of — or crow 
that feeds filthily, 1880. 

Ear, kan, gosh, karn, sravan, (of com) bfd, 
khosha. guchchha, sabal, (of com half 
ripe) iimi, (of a vessel) dasta, kabza, hat- 
tha, girift : swelling near the — , karn- 
-miil ; to talk or whisper in the — , kan- 
-a-bati k. : to turn a deaf — , kan men 
ungli de rahna : turning a deaf — , ana- 
kani : given — to, mustaj-ib. 

Ear-cropt, Earless, buchi, kan-kata. 

Earing, (spike of corn) khosha. 

Early, (adj.) sawera, («(?».) sawere, bihane, 
(fruit, grain, ^c.) pesh-ras : — dawn, 
pagah-tar, shab-gir : — in the morning, 
sawere, tarke, baii fajr : — in the even- 
ing, sar-i-sham : — riser, sahar-khez : — 
rising, saliar-khezi. 

To Earn, kamana, rozgar k., paidiii., ba- 
sil k. : — a scanty livelihood, tikki laganil. 

Earnest, (adj.) sar-garoi, mukaiyad, sa'i, 
garra : — money, bai'ana : — to dancing 
women, khichrl : in — , bi-l-jazm, sach, 
fi-1-hakIkat : to be in —, ba-jidd h. 

Earnestness, sar-gaimi, koshish, jahd. 

Earning, kama'i, rozgar, uparjan. 

Earnings, paida'ish, yaft. 

Ear-picker, kan-kirolni. 

Earring, goshwara, karn-phftl, billT, bala, 
aweza, dur, kundal, gujiya, lolak, 557. 

Ears, (of a horse, dakh.) kanoti : horse or 
other animal with slit — , chau-goshi : 
bandage over the — , gosh-band : boring 
the — , kanwa'i : ceremony of boring the 
— , kanaiya : boxing the — , gosh-miil : 
disorder in the — , kan-kati : one who 
picks, S(c., the — , kan-niail-wala : to box 



E.VT 

the — , muiih thathana : to have a singing 
in the — , bhinnana : to pull the — , kan 
ametna : pulling the — , kaneti, gosh-mSl : 
to stop one's — , kan men ungli de rahna: 
to tui'n back the — , (a horse) kan-dabana. 
Earth, (the earth) ai-z, prithwi, mahi. 
dharti, (soil) mitti, tin, khak, bhiim, za- 
min, gil, turab : red — or ochre, gerii, 
hirmizi : divinity of the — , bhumiyan. 
Earthen, gili, sifalT, turabi : — vessel, 
khazaf, sakora, nandola, kuza : — store, 
sifal : broken piece of — ware, thikra. 
Earthly, arzi, zamini, khilki. 
Earthquake, bhun-chiil, bhu'in-dol, ta- 
zalzul, zalzala, bhu-kamp, hala-dola, lar- 
za, (dakh.) hadrat. 
E.ibthworm, kharatin, kenchwa. 
Earthy, kbaki, gili, zamini, arzi. 
Ear-wax, kan-mail : ball of — , thenthi. 
Ease, (quiet, g. v.) chain, aram, sukh, ra- 
hat, kal, asa'ish, istirahat, bisram, asii- 
dagi, (leisure) faraghat, fursat, tafarruli, 
sukh-chain, (facilitg) suhiilat, asani : — 
of mind, tafrih-i-tab", khatir-jam'i : at 
— , asiida, asiida-bfil, sukhl, yala-phaUa : 
to be at — and contented, ji bhar J., sukh- 
na, nind bhar sona : to get — , kaleja than- 
dliii k. : to keep the mind at — , dil jam' 
lakhna : to live at one's — , dandanana : 
lover of — , aram-talab, arami. 
To Ease, ai'am d., balka k., bahlana : — 
nature, — one's self, jangal phirna, kha- 
tra-raf' k. 
Easily, asani se, sahaj.yunhin, subulat se. 
Easiness, salasat, asani, asani^at, narmi. 
East, purab, shark, mashi-ik, khawar, matla". 
Easter, !d : — gift, idi. 
Easterly wind, purwa, purwaiya. 
Eastern, sharki, piirbi, mashriki, khawari. 
Eastward, mashrik-ru, piirab-taraf. 
Easy, (not difficult) asan, sahaj, sahl, salTs, 
narm, siidhya, (light) halka, (at ease, q. v.) 
asiida, sukhi, aramida, (of temper) rau- 
la'im, halim : — circumstances, sukh : — 
in circtimstances, muraffah, kbush-bal: 
— in mind, farighu-1-bal, aram-dil: — 
paced, -payal, pa'jl ; made — , maisiir : 
making — , tas'hil : most — , as'hal. 
To Eat, khfinii, bhojan k., tanfiwul k., jew- 
nii, bhakbna, (applied to a king, i(c.) 
nosh farmanii : — one's words, zabiin pa- 
latna : — ravenously or voraciously, pet 
barhanii, thesnii, 2165: — something, 
599 : — the bread of idleness, roti torna, 
din charhiina : — up, khfij. : — without 
appetite, chagaluii, michraiiii : to cause or 
give — , khiliina. 
Eatable, kbvrdani, bhachh, khane-jog. 
Eatables, khyriik, mat'umat. 
Eaten, khvrda. 



EFF 

Eater, khan-hfira, khiiranda, bharhclihl, 
(m compos.) Idiur, klior, khwar, kha'u. 

Eating, khana, ta'am, bhojan, akl, khata, 
1001, {in compos.) Icha, khwar, khiir. 
khurl, kha'u : — house, bhathiyar-Vhana : 

— and drinking, khurish : — little, {adj.) 
kam-khor, kam-khorak : — without appe- 
tite, michar-michar : good — and drink- 
ing, khush-khuri: without — , nahar- 
-muiih : without — and drinking, bin 
danepani. Eaves, dhaba, orl, olti, tora. 

Ebb and flow of the tide, jazr-o-madd. 
Ebb-tide, jazr, bhatha, (dakh.) utar. 
TbEBB, bhathiyana, utarna, (decline) ghatna. 
Ebony, abnus, {made of ebony) abnusl. 
Ebriety, be-hoshi, sar-masti, amal, mastl. 
Ebullition, josh, joshish, ghalayan. 
ECCLESIASTICK, imain, pesh-namaz, fakih. 
Echinops echinatns, iint-katara, katara. 
EcHiTES caryophyllata, malatl. 
Echo, gunj, sada, awaz : to — , gunjna. 
Eclipse, grahan, gahan, {dakh.) giran, {of 

the moon) khusuf, {sun) suraj-gahan, su- 

rya-grahan, kasafat: total — , sarb-gahan. 
Eclipta ^ros/ra<a, bhringraj, bhangra. 
EcLiPTiCK, ras-chakr, mintakatu-1-buruj. 
Economical, Economic, Economist, ki- 

fiiyat-shi'ar, kifayati, juz-ras, salfimat-rau. 
Economically, khasmana. juzrasi se. 
Economy, {frugality) juzrasi, girthapan, 

kifayat, {regulation) band-o-bast, band-o- 

-basti, intizam. 
To be thrown into Ecstasies, hal ana. 
Ecstasy, wajd, be-khudi, hal, sama", 698. 
Eddy, bhaawar, girdab, bhaunra. 
Eden, adn. Edge, {for cutting) bar, ab, 

{margin) bar, kinara, lab, cbhor, zih, kor: 

— of a sword, ^c, dhar, dora, hiddat : 
being set on — , {the teeth) guthla. 

To Edge, {sharpen) bar d., bar rakhna, 

tez k., painana, {fringe) jhalar lagana, 

{go obliquely) katrana. 
Edged, {sharp) tez, burran, {fringed) 815. 
Edging, {subst.) kor, jhalar, zinjif, sanjaf, 

ma^zi,{dakh.) ]i\i: gold or silver — ,gota. 
Edict, rakam, sasan, farinan,ishtibar-nama. 
Edification, ta'lim, tahzlb, sikha'I. 
Edifice, imarat, kasr, bait, {dakh.) mharl. 
To Edify, sikhlana, ta'lim *., bihtar k. 
Edition, chhapa, chhapa'i. 
Editor, mu'allif, jami'. 
7> Educate, (4n»^ 7/^) piilna, parwarish*., 

{instruct) tarbiyat k., sikhana, ta'lim k. 
Education, tarbiyat, parwarish, ta'lim. 
To Educe, nikalna, bar liina, khaiiichna. 
Eel, bam, bamb, andhi machhl, marmahi. 
To Efface, metna,mitana,mativi.,chhTIna. 
Effaced, mahv : state of being — , mahvi- 

yat : trace of a path being — , rah mama : 

to be — , mitna. 



EIG 

Effect, {impression) asar, tasir, les, {con- 
sequence) phal, natija, ilmal, {jmrpose) 
hukm, gharaz, matlab : having — , nafiz : 
m — , fi-1-l.iakrkat : to carry into — , kam 
nikalna : to take — , {medicine) darii lag- 
nl : without — , khali. 

To Effect, To Effectuate, karna, ka- 
rana, ba-ja lana, amal men lana, ba-sar k. , 
sama : — one's purpose, bat pana. 

To be Effected, ban ana. 

Effecting, Effective, Effectual, kar- 
gar, kari, bii-asar, mu'assir, dar-gir. 

Effecting whatever is desired, kam-gar. 

Effectively, Effectually, kararwaki'i. 

Effector, mu'assir. Effects, (goods) 
asbab, mal, mata', {of a deceased person) 
matrQka, matriikat, tarka, {impressions) 
asar, tasirat. 

Effeminacy, na-mardi, zanana-pan, jubn. 

Effeminate, namard, tunuk, napunsak. 

To Effervesce, josh khana, josh marna. 

Effervescence, josh, gh alayan. 

Effervescing, {in compos.) josh. 

Efficacious, kargar, mu'assir. 

Efficaciously, karar waki'i. 

Efficacy, Efficiency, asar, taslr-garl. 

Efficient, karl, fa'ill, fa'iliya, mu'assir. 

Effigy, shakl, murat, surat, shabahat. 

Efflorescence of salt on a wall, nonl. 

Effluvia, Effluvium, bukhar, bhaph. 

Effort, koshish, sa'f, jahd, jidd, jatan, 
udyam, utsah : to make an — , koshish k., 
sa'i A. , zor mama : to use — , zor k. 

EFFRONTERV,be-haya'I,be-sharmi,dhitha'i. 

Effusion, baha'o, rezish. 

E. G., {for example) chunanchi, masalan. 

Egg, anda, and, baiza, khag, khaya : mun- 
dane — , brahmand : poached — , nlm- 
-bursh : ivith — , andel: — plant, baigan, 
baingan, badanjan, bhanta. 

FriedEGGS or dish made of Eggs, khagina. 

Egotism, ananlyat, ahankar, mani, khudl. 

Egotist, khud-sana, khud-farosh. fakhir. 

roEGOTizE,apnIga'onaorgana,khud-sita'iA. 

Egress, khuriij, bar-amad, nikal, rawiinagl. 

Egypt, misr. Egyptian, misri. 

To Ejaculate, bhejna. To Eject, {ex- 
pel) nikal d., kharij k., {void) radd i., 
chhandna. Ejecting, (a letter) hazf. 

Ejection, ikhraj, nikal, istikhraj. 

Eight, ath, asht, hasht, {dakh.) at : the — 
metals, aslita-dliat : consisting of — , mu- 
samman. Eighteen, atharah, hazhdah. 

Eighteenth, atharahwau, ashtadash. 

Eightfold, niusamman, athguna. 

Eighth, athwan, ashtam, hashtum, samin, 
{dakh.) atwaii : — dag after any other, 
athwara : — day of the lunar fortnight, 
ashtami : — month of a woman's preg- 
nancy, angina mahjna. 



ELE 



2-2.91 



IIiGIiTV, assi, ashiti : — one, ikilsl, {dakh.) 
eke'assi : — ttco, byasi, birasi : — three, 
tirasi : — four, chaurasi : — -five, pachasT : 
— six, chhiyasi : — seven, sattaal : — eight, 
athasi : — nine, nawasl. 

Either, {jiron.) ko'I, ko'I ek, har ek. 

, {conj.) ya, khwah, chaho, kya. 

Elaborate, mukallaf, bahut khub.mushkil. 

EL.E0CARPus(/a;i!7r«*,chaumQkhI,rudrachh, 
radraj : — serralus, jalpa'I. 

To Elapse, guzaraa, guzar j., bitna. 

ELAPSED,munkazI. Elapsing, (a(/;.)gu/,ar. 

Elasticity, lachak, dam, 8imat,chimra'i(?). 

Elastick, chimtha, chimra, dam-dar. 

To be Elastick, lachlachana, lachakna. 

Elate sylvestris, khajiir. 

To be Elated, phulna, maghriir h., khilna, 
{with liquor) rang charhna. 

Elbow, kohni, kuhni, mirfak, {dakh.)kom. 

Tying the Elbows behind, chau-mekha. 

Elder, {senior) bara, jetha, kalan, miliiii : 
an — , buzurg, puraniya, purkha. 

Elderly, pirana, adher, siil-gasht. 

Eldest, bara, sab se bara. 

Elect, barguzida, mujtaba, naji, makbul. 

To Elect, chhant lena, chunlena, chfihnii. 

Elected, mujtaba, muklitasg : see Elect. 

Election, inttkhab, ikhtiyar, barguzTdagl : 
subject to — , ikhtiyari. 

Electuary, ma'jun, nosh-daru, pak. 

Elegance, Elegancy, lutf, suthra'i, naza- 
kat, husn, sughra'i, zarafat, zeba'i, andjtz. 

Elegant, latlf, suthra, khush, inipwant, 
sughar, zarif, nazuk, naznin : — in man- 
ners, (a mistress) shang : — in form, 
khush-tarklb, khush-uslub . of — »ifl«- 
ners, rangln-ada. 

Elegantly cut or shaped, klmsh-tarash. 

Elegy, raarsiya: repeater of an — , marsiya- 
-khwan : repeating of an — , marsiya-khwani. 

Element, imsur, tatwa, tat, bhut, {proper 
sphere) thikana. 

Elemental, unsurl, asli. Elementary, 
basit : — jsari, juz-i-la-yatajazza. 

Elements, anasir, astaksat : Euclid's — . 
tahrir-i-ukledas : the Jive — ; pancha- 
-tatwa : — of speech, Ijuruf-i-tahajjI. 

Elephant, hathi, hasti, matang.kunjar, pil, 
fll, gaj, ibh, {dakh.) bati, hatti, hast : — 
driver or keeper, hathiwan, mahawat, 
filban, gaj-pal : — house, fil-khana : — 
keeper's mate, char-kata : — pearl, gaj- 
-moti, gaj-maniha: belonging to an — , 
fil-J -.female — , hathni, hastini : kind of 
• — which has no tusks, makbua: large—, 
kunjal, gaj-raj : litter to ride in on an — , 
amarl, hauda : place for one to sit on be- 
hind a great man on an — , khawassi ; one 
who rides on an — , fil-nishln, gaj-pati : 
small — , kumedya, kumendhya : voice of 



2292 



EMB 



an — , kilkaii. Elephant's neci, ka- 
lawa : — tooth, hathi-dant : band round 
the — neck, kalawa. 

Bmiuess of talcing care »/■ Elephants, pll- 
banl : chain or rope for the feet of — , 
aadu ; iron instrument used in driving — , 
kajak : irons for the legs of — , beri : trap 
or enclosure in which — are caught, 
klieda : wooden ring for the feet of — , 
kath-bandhan : word used to encourage 
— , dhat : ring fastened to elephants' teeth, 
chur, chura. 

Elephaxtiasis, fil-pa, fil-pa'i, sunbahri, 
niaba-korh: affliciedicith — , fll-pa,pn-pa. 

Elephantopbus scaber, gobhi. 

To Elevate, uthana, buland k., barhana. 

Elevated, {high) buland, rafi", uncha, 
niu'aUa,(ejratod)murtafa', sarfaraz,wala. 

Elevation, (A«>AO bulandl, uncha'I.raf at, 
{exaltation) irtifa", sarfaraz!, tarakki. 

Eleven, igarah, gyarah, {dakh.) igiyarah. 

Eleventh, igarahan, gyarahwan, ekadas. 

Eleusine coracana. {dakh.) ragi. 

Elf, pari, bhfit, trbul, jinn. bhutna(?). 

Elias, ilyas, Iliya. To Elicit, istimbat k. 

Eligible, patr, bihtar, la'ik, aula, manzur. 

ELisios,haz{,lop,{of aletterorvowelpoint)g7 

Elixir, iksir, aksir. Elk, sabar, gawazn. 

Ell, gaz, zira*. 

Ellipsis, {inspeech) mukaddar-minhu, {in 
geometry) shakl-i^baizawi. 

Elm, tag-h. ek kism ki ban per. 

Elocution, fasiihat, lassanl, laklaka, 1263. 

Elogy, madh, ta'rif, maddahi, sana, wasf. 

To Elongate, lambana, lamba A., Jul k. 

To Elope, ram rabna, bhagna, champat A. 

Elopement, ram, firar, gurez, ru-poshi. 

ELoauENCE, balagbat, fasabat, lassaiiiyat, 
fasihI,IaffazI,laklaka,khush-takrIri,goya'i. 

Eloquent, fa?Ih, ballgh, laffaz, lassan, 
shirln-zaban, sukban-dan, khush-takrlr, 
(dakh.)taiTar: — /person*, arbab-i-sukhan. 

Else, {adj.) aur, dusra, {adv.) nahln to, ilia, 
natar : anywhere — , har-kahiii : — where, 
kahiti aur, anat: somewhere — , aur kahiit. 

To Elucidate, wazih k., kholna, bayan k. 

Elucidation, bayan, tafsll, tawil, tauzlb. 

To Elude, bachna, chhutna, talna,urana(.'). 

Elusive, Elusory, kha'in, makr-amez. 

Elysium, bihisht, firdaus, jnnnat, adn, 2087. 

7>)EMACiATE,sukhanri,galatf.,(».n.)sukhna. 

Emaciated, laghar, dubla, zar-o.nizar.la^a, 
sukta, zaif, : to become — , sukha lagna. 

Emaciation, za'ifi, nal.iafat, niziiri, lagharl. 

7'»EMANCiPATE,azad A.,kliala?*.,chhorna. 

Emancipation, chhutti, kbalfijl, azadagi : 
— from matter, and reunion with the 
Deity, nirwan. 

Embargo, kurk, manha'i, atka'o. 

7>>EuBAHK,(t).n.) charbna, jabaz-nisliln A., 



EMI 

{engage in some affair) mudakhalal k., 
sharik h., {v. a.) charbana, milSna. 
Embarkation, charba'o, cbarha'I. 
Price paid for Embarking, charba'i. 
To Embarrass, muztarib *. , tasdi" rf., tangi. 
Embarrassed, gbabra, hairan : to be — , 

ghabrana. 
Embarrassment, jangal, warta, ghabrabat. 
Embassador, elchi, dut, wakil, ghatak. 
Embassage, Embassy, wakiilat, elcbi-garl. 
Embelia ribes, ba'e birang (?). 
To Embellish, singarna,sanwarna, cbibana. 
Embellished, arasta, alankrita, muzaiyan. 
Embellishment, ara'ish, singar, bbukbaa. 
Embers, angara, angar, bhibhal. 
To Embezzle, tasarruf *., kbaurana, 696. 
EMBEzzLEMENT,tasarruf,taghaUub,kliiyanat 
Emblem, nisban, alSmat, Ima, chinb, pata, 

tamsil : — of Mahadeva, ling. 
To Emboss, phul jarna, gul jarna. 
Embossed, {utensils of metal, .^c.) jamdani. 
To Embowel, antrl nikalna, pet chlma. 
Embrace, kinar, aghosb.god, kaula, baghal. 
ToEmbrace, {v. n.) galelagna, ham-agbosh 
^•i 340, (»• 0.) god menlena, galelagana, 
{an opportunity) ganthna, ghanimat 
janna (?), {a religion) ikhtiyar k. 
Embracing, {subst.) alingan, bagbal-giri. 
Embrasure, randa, top ka jharokha. 
To Embrocate, tatarna, tilii k., malnii. 
Embrocation, tatar, zamad, tila. 
To Embroider, kar-cbobi k., gul-buta k. 
Embroidered, zar-bafi, kar-cbobi, mu- 

nakkash, jbalajhal : — carpet, tiwasi. 
EMBRoiDERER,cbikan-doz,zar-doz,gul-kar. 
Embroidering, {subst.) naksh. 
Embroidery, zardozl, tat-bafl, karchob. 
To Embroil, uljhana, phasana, barham k. 
Embroiler, barbam-zan. 
Embroiling, barham-zani. 
Embryo, janln, garbb. Embryos, ajinna. 
Embryopteris glutinifera, gab. 
Emendation, tasbih, islab, sihliat, arastagi. 
Emerald, zumurrud, panna, 1212, {dakh.} 
pacb,47i : the colour of an — ,zumurrudln. 
To Emerge, uthna, nikalna, badis A.,namud 
h. Emergence, Emergency, nikalna, 
ucbbalna, {sudden occasion) zarurat, 
badisa, afat, pech. 
Emetic, kai ki dawa, {adj.) mukaiyl. 
Emigrant, be-watan, shabrbadar, prabasi. 
To Emigrate, jila-wafan A., prabfis k. 
Emigration, jila-walan, gburbat, des-tyag. 
Eminence, Eminency, {height) unchaT, 
buland;, raf at.unchiin, {dakh.) uncba'egl, 
{exaltation) sharaf, buzurgi, sar-bulandl, 
sar-farazi, rafat. Eminences, ma'fill. 
Eminent, {high) uncbii, a'la, buland, {ex- 
alted) sar-afraz, sar-buland, sharIf, !lll, 
mu'alla, {conspicuous) nipun, mash'hur. 



ENC 

Emissary, barkara, (*/jy) j5sus, bhediyii. 
Emission, ikbraj, {emissio seminis) inzal. 
To Emit, cbhorna, dena, cbbandna : — 
fre, cbhorna : — odour, mabakna : — 
semen, khalas h. 
EMiTTENSSfmen, 1966. Emollient, 1953. 
Emolument, manfa'at, naf , fa'ida, labh. 
Emotion, jhak, josb, josbish, Jung, lahar. 
To Empale, suli d., suli charbana. 
Empaling-stake, suli, dar. 
Emperor, shahanshab, sultan, padshah, 
{of the Hindus) raj-adhiraj, maha-raj, {of 
the Tartars) khakan, {of China) fagbfiir, 
{Greek or Turkish) kaisar. 
Emphasis, takid, zarb, {reading any com- 
position with due — ) shadd madd. 
Emphatick, takidi. 

Empire, {sovereignty) bfidshahat, badsbabi, 
sultani, shahau-shalil, {sivay) hukiimat, 
tahakkum, {dominions) saltanat, mulk, 
mamlukat : seat of — , daru-s-saltauat, 
daru-1-hukumat. 
To Employ, mashghul rakhna, lagana, {use) 
kam men lana, isti'mal men lana, {spend) 
sarf *., {as servants, Sj-c.) khidmat d., 
rakhna : — one's self unprojitably, rah 
napna. 
Employed, masruf, kajl, mashghiil, {ap- 
pointed) mukarrar : to be — , mashghul h. 
Employer, kar-farma, aka, khawind. 
EMPLOYMENTjShugbl, ishtigbal, kam, {call- 
ing) uddioi, kasb, dhandha, {ojice) uhda. 
Employments, ashghal, masalilj. 
Emporium, bandar, arang. 
To Empoverish, muflis *., baha d. : — 

land, kam-zor k., dubla k. 
Empoverished, muftakir. 
Empress, maha-rani, malika. 
Emptiness, khala, khulu : — of head, ti- 

hi-magbzl. 
Empty, kbali, suna, cbbuohba, tihi, {un- 
burthened) rita, {ignorant) tibl-dimagh, 
{vain) be-ma"nT, ochba, muhmil : — 
handed, tibi-dast, kbali-hath : — fellow, 
khana-kharab. 
To Empty, kbali k. : to cause — , ritana. 
Empyrean heaven, falaku-1-aflak, arsh. 
To Emulate, mukabala k., barabari k. 
Emulation, ghairat, rasbk, dekha-dekhi. 
With Emulatio.n, Emulous, gbairatmand. 
To Enable, kuwat d., takatd., takwiyatrf. 
To Enact, farmana, thahrana, bukm *. , 
Enamel, mina, mina'i: to — , minakari *. 
Enamelled, mina'i.ENAMELLER.minakiir. 
Enamelling, minakari. 
Enamoured, farefta, niaftun, dil-shuda, 

shefta ; to be — , fushik h., mohit h. 
To Encamp, parna, khaima k., utarnii. 
Place o/" Encamping, maljam, mukam. 
Encampment, parii'o, mukbaiyam. 



END 

To Enchant, molma, maftun k., jfulu *. 

Enchanter, afsun-gar, jadu-gar, saliir. 

Enchanting, dil-faieb, dil-bar, dil-chasp. 

Enchantment, afsun, jadu, tona, sihr. 

Enchantress, mohaiil, banha'I, jadugarni. 

To Enchase, jarna, thassa *., jara'I k. 

To Encircle, gherna, ghumana, ihata k. 

Encircling, da'ir, muhit, {subst.) 1869. 

To Enclose, {surround) ihata A., rundhna, 
berhna, {wrap up) lifafa k., lapetna : — 
with a bank, mendiyana : — afield, ber- 
-bandlA. : — afield with thoms.hax bandh- 
na ; to cause — , ghirana, rukana. 

Enclosed, {wrapped up) malfuf: to be—, 
ghirna, rukna : — piece of ground, ban. 

Enclosure, {fence) ihata, hisar, 1863, 
dhan, ber, bar, {space inclosed) muhau- 
wata, hlta, chardiwari, sahn, rakaba, 
{cover) lififa : — in a letter, Sfc, mal- 
fiif : — of the temple at Mecca, harim. 

Encomiast, madih, maddah, bhat, 1870. 

Encomium, madh, wasf, ta*rlf, prasansa. 

To Encompass, ihata k., gher lena, gird k. 

Encounter, miUakat, istikbal, {dispute) 
kaziya, jhagra, {battle) jadal, lara'I. 

To Encounter, {meet) mulakat*., {oppose) 
mukabala k., sarahna k., laraa. 

Encountering, {subst.) samhna, samna. 

To Encourage, (me(7e)talirikrf.,targliib(f., 
{inspirit) himmat d., dharas bandhana. 

Encouragement, (mC!7c>nm<)talirTk,(com- 
fort) dil-asii, dharas, {countenance) 1868. 

Encourager, miiharrik, kbatir-dilr. 

Encouraging {adj.) khatir-dar : — troops 
in time of battle, chunauti, karkha. 

To Encroach, hath dalna, dakhl *. .- — 
upon, daba lena : — on another, 598. 

Encroachment, dakhl, mudakhalat. 

To Encumber, bar d., bar k., bojlina. 

Encumbered ivith a family, pa'e-band. 

Encumbrance, bar, bojh, bhar, atka'o. 

End, {exti-emity) intiha, nihayat, sar, sira, 
ghayat, {conclusion) ant, anjam, Idiatm, 
akhir, sar-anjam, nichor, nibera, {death) 
maut,rihlat, marg, {purpose) gharaz, mat- 
lab, kasd, {consequence) ma'al, natija, 
phal: — of a cloth, shawl, veil, Sfc, 
anchra, anchal ; — of the month, chand- 
-riit, salakh : — of time, akhu-u-z-zaman: 
at the — , akhiru-1-amr, akhirash, aki- 
bat : from one • — • to the other, sar-a-sar, 
sar-ba-sar: to an — •, ba-sar : to bring to 
an — , ba-sar k. : to come to an — , ba- 
-sar ana : to be put an — to, thikane lag- 
na : to put an — to, niberna : to the — 
that, ta ki, is waste ki : to what — , kahe- 
-ko, kis waste. To End, akhir k., tamam 
k., niberna, {v. ».) tamam h. 

To Endanger, khatre men dalna. 

To Endear, aziz. A., pyara k. 



ENR 



2293 



Endearing arts and expressions, chochla. 

Endearment, ra'o-cha'o, ra'o chochla, lar. 

Endeavour, sa'f, jahd,jatan, koshisb, jidd. 

To Endeavour, sa'f k., koshish *., zor 
marnii: — earnestly, {dakh.) jhansna: — 
to do with a few hands a ivork which re- 
quires many, kulhiya men gur phorna : 
— to get any thing, hath barhana. 

Endeavourer, sa'i. Endeavouring, 
{j)art. in compos.) kosh. 

To be Ended, ba-sar h., sarna, nibarna. 

To Endict, To Endite, {accuse) gunah ki 
tuhmat lagana, naUsh k., {suggest, cause 
to write) kahna, insha k., likhana. 

Endive, kasnl, hindba, kirau. 

Endless, be-intiha,be-nihayat,anant,da'im, 
mudam. Endlessly, hamesha, nit. 

Endlessness, be-nihayati, be-intiha'I. 

To Endow, jahez d., bakhshna, wakf k. 

Endowed ivith, u\\x, uM, ahl, {in compos.) 
sahib, zil, zi, wan, war, want, mand. 

END0WMENT/6r jOMiAc charity, wakf. 

Endowments, {qualities) ausaf, malkat. 

Endurance, {continuance) mudawamat, 
pii'edarl, {patience) sabr, tahammul, bar- 
daslit, tab : — of hunger, faka-kashi : — 
of oppression, sitam-kashi : — of labour 
or trouble, mihnat-kashi, ranj-kashi : pa- 
tient — , musabarat. To Endure, {last) 
thaharna, der-pa h., nibhna, (bear) sahna, 
khainchna, khana, sabr k., 314, 638. 

Enduring, {adj.) mutahammil, {dakh.) 
ghamblr, {in compos.) kash, khur. 

Enemies, a*da, ghana'im. Enemy, dush- 
man, adii, ripu, ari, durjan, mukhalif>: — 
under the semblance of a friend, 1057. 

Energetic, tej-man, tejwant, mazhiit. 

Energy, utsah, tej,kudrat, bal, kiiwat : — 
or active power of a deity, sakat, sakti. 

To Enervate, To Enfeeble, za'ff A. 

Enfeebled, muftar, nirbal, nirbas. 

To Enforce, mazbut *., kawi k., sabit k. 

To Engage, {fight) larnii, lara'i k., jujhna, 
{stipulate) shart k., kaul-karar k., {em- 
ploy) rakh lena, lagana, mukarrar k. : — 
in a desperate tmderiakiJig, 1268: — in 
close fight, jutna. 

Engaged, mashgliul, masriif, tatpar: — 
in, muta'allik : to be — , lagna, mash- 
ghrd h. : to be — in a business, 363 : 
to be much — in btisiness, hath-band h. 

Engagement, {fight) lara'i, jang, judh, 
jadal, wikii", mukabala, {contract) shart, 
karar, {occupation) shughl. 

To Engender, {v. a.) paida *., lana, (».»i.) 
paida A. Engine, {machine) san'at, 
jantr, kal, {arms) hathyar, {device, dakh.) 
uranchhii, {for raising ttJa<cr)arhat,rahat. 

English, angrezl. 

To Engrave, khodna, naksh k., kanda k. 

7 R 



Engraved, Engraven, kanda, munakkash, 
muntakash, nakshi : to be — , khudna. 

Engraver, kanda-kar: seal — , muhr-kan. 

Engraving, kalam-kari, naksh, nakslia: 
seal — ,muhrkani. Engravings, nukSsh. 

To Engross, {take the whole) kurk k., sab 
ka sab pakarna, sab ka sab mol lena, {copy 
in a large hand) bara karke likhna, saf 
karke Ukhna. 

ENGROSSED, {immersedinthought)isti^Tak. 

To Enhance, mol barhana. 

Enhancement, barhti, barhta. 

ENiGMA,mu'arama,pahelT,chistan,drishtkut 

Enigmatical, ghamiz,gurh,mughlak,dakik. 

Enigmatist, mu'amma-go, rammaz. 

To Enjoin, {order) kahna, farmana : — 
strictly, takid k., {prohibit) md.r\' k. 

To Enjoy, {be happy in) bihama, bhogna, 
bhagatna, rang k., {relish) chakhna, {ob- 
tain) pana, lahna, nthana : — one's self, 
birajna, dandanana. 

Enjoying, {adj.) mughtanim, {subst.) 109. 

Enjoyment, bhog, tamattu', sambhog, ras, 
maza, bahar, Ijazz, lazzat, 21 38 : — of life, 
rafahiyat,irfah : — ofalldesired,\!.am-Ta.m.. 

To Enkindle, jalana, phiinkna, bharkana. 

To Enlarge, barhana, barai. , (».n.)phailna. 

ENLARGEMENT,barha'o,barhtI,(re/ras(>)99i. 

To Enlighten, ujla k., roshan k., munau- 
war k., {instruct) tarbiyat k., akl d. 

Enlightened, munauwar : — in mind, 
roshan-dil, roshan-zamir : of — under- 
standing, roghan-ra'e. 

To Enlist, nigah-dasht k., chihra likhana. 

Enlisting, Enlistment, nigah-dasht. 

7'oENLivEN,(jrree?jfe)jilana,(eAeer)hulsana. 

To become Enlivened, garmana. 

ENMiTY,dushmani,bair, adawat, mukhilafat, 
harifi, {spite) baghz, kina, lag. 

Enneagon, mutassa". 

To Ennoble, sar-faraz k., darja d., barhana. 

Ennobled, musharraf, sharaf-yab. 

Ennui, tazi"-i-aukat, nafrat. Enoch, idris. 

Enormity, {error, fault) gunah, kharabi. 
zabuni, (fffrocz7y)gunah-l-kabIra,maha-pap 

Enormous, azim, sakht, shadid, mahapapi. 

Enormously, be-nihayat, haddse ziyada. 

Enormousness, shiddat, azmat, bara'i. 

Enough, EN0w,(«(7;.)bas,dher,kafi,(«/is<.) 
kifayat, kifayati : having — , muktafi. 

To Enrage, bhabkana, ag uthana, khafai. 

Enraged, kliashm-nak, ghazab-nak. 

To be Enraged, bhabakna, jig h., bigarna. 

To Enrapture, Enravish, magan k., 
bagh-bagh k., masrur k. 

Enraptured, be-khiid, be-sudli. 

To Enrich, ghani k., {fertilise) jaiyid k. 

Enriched, mutamauwil, mughtanim. 

To Enrol, fihrist ya daftar men (nam) 
dakhil k. 



2294 ENT 

Enrolmext, isra-nawisl, daftar, fihrist. 

ExsiGX, (Jlag) jhanda, nishan, alam, bai- 
rak, {mark) alama, pata, nishan, {officer) 
jam"-dar: — bearer, alam-bardar, nishan- 
-bardar : — ■ staff, istada, danda. 

To Enslave, bandhu'a k., ghulam *. 

To Ensnare, phansna, phandna. 

To Ensue, bona, a-parna, a-jana, pichhe h. 

Ensurance, bima, bimaii, awak. 

To Ensure, {make certain) mukarrar k., 
{secure from loss) bima *. 

To Entangle, uljhana, phasana, phandaa, 
lapet d., {to puzzle) hairan *. 

Entangled, {as Mir) zhoUda, {perplexed) 
barbam, pech dar pech: to become — , lat,;. 

To be Entangled, ulajhna, pbasna, 84. 

Entanglement, uljhera, phasawat, 588. 

To Enter, {v.n.) paitbna, daklilA., dakbl 
*., bbltar ana, gbusaa, {engage in) dar 
ana, mudakbalat *. : — into partnership, 
sharakat k. : {v. a. write doum) darj *. 

Entered, dakbil, madkbul, mundarij. 

Entering, {part.) dakbil, 1870 : — into, 
(subst.) 1868 : — of the planets into a 
new sign, sancbar : — of the sun into a 
new sign, sakrant, sankrantT. 

Enterprise, mubimm, jokbim, sa'i. 

Enterprises, makasid. 

Enterprising, dil-cbal, dil-cbala. 

To Entertain, {feast) mibmani *., 1429, 
789, {amuse) bablana : — malice or en- 
mity in the heart, bukbar dU men rakbna. 

Entertainer, {host) mibmandar, mezban. 

Entertaining, {chatty) batiini, cbarb- 
-zaban, {funny) khilwar. 

Entertainment, {spectacle) tamashii, 
{feast) ziyafat, je'onar, mibmani, mez- 
banl, 589, 1728 : see Amusement. 

To Enthrone, takht par baitbahia. 

Enthroned, kursi-nisbln, takbt-nisbin. 

ENTHUsiASM,ta'assub,shauk,(ec«toy)wajd. 

Enthusiast, pur-shauk, sar-garm, abdal. 

To Entice, lubhana, phuslana, tahris k. 

ENTiCEMENT,i£bwa,phuslabat,(da*A.)i750. 

Enticer, Enticing, dil-fareb, dil-ruba. 

Entire, {the whole) tamam, piira, kamiil, 
knlli, kamil, {sound) sahlh, durust, 1903. 

Entirely ,bi-l-kull,tamamtar,sarasar, 1269. 

Entireness, taraarai, kullTyat, §ihbat. 

To Entitle, namd.,kliit.ab(i., mustahikk*. 

ENTiTLED,musammfi,mutakhaUis,hakk-dar. 

Entity, basti, wujud, zat. 

To Entomb, garnii, dafn *., gor d. 

Entrails, ant, {plur.) iintcii, {plur.) an- 
triyan, rode. 

Entrance, dakhl, paith, rasii'i, dar-amad, 
{admission) bar : allowed — , dakbil : 
place of — , madkbal. 

7'oENTRANCE,murchhit*.,ghashImeiidiilna. 

Entranced, bc-sudh, miirchbit, be-kbiid. 



EQU 

TbENTRAP,pliansna,pbandna,jalsepakarna. 

To be Entrapped, pbansna, pbandna. 

To Entreat, iltija k., dar-khwast k., 472. 

Entreaty, dar-khwast, iltija, iltimas. 

Entry, dakbila, {passage) rasta, {writing) 
likbnii. 

To Envelop, malfiif A., lapetna, dbampna. 

Envelope, lifSfa, betban, lapet. 

!roieENVELOPED,mandlana. Envied, 1 860. 

Envious, dahi, liasud, hasid, 298, 867. 

To Environ, ihata k., gird*., gberke rokna. 

Environs, atraf, gird-pesh ki jagah, aknaf, 
jawanib,nawab, gird-nawah, pairaman, {of 
a city) sawad : pleasant — , khiisb-sawadi. 

To Enumerate, ginna, shumar k., mufas- 
sal kahna. 

Enumeration, ginti, shumar, bisab, ti'dad. 

Envoy, elchi, safir, kasid, di'it, wakil. 

Envy, rashk, dab, hasad, 1644, 783, 866. 

To Envy, l.iasad k., dab k., {dakh.) 1644. 

Ephemeral, chand-roza. 

Ephemeris, patra, takwira. 

Epicure, tamasba-bln, cbatorii, aiyasb. 

Epicurean, petartbii. 

Epidemic, sari, Smm, da'ir o sa'ir. 

Epidemical disease, maba-mari. 

Epidendrum tesselatum, banda, bandii. 

Epilepsy, sar", mirgi, apasmar. 

Epileptic, mirgiha, masrii*. 

Epilogue, kbatima. 

Epistle, kbatt, ruk'a, maktub, patri, piiti, 
nama : the part of an — which follows 
the complimental address, sbaukiya. 

A collection 0/ Epistles, ruka'at. 

Epistolary correspondence, 860, 1 174. 

Epitaph, kitaba. 

Epithalamium, jilwe ka git, 1972, 

Epithet, na't, wasf, ta'rif, sifat. 

Epitome, mukbtasar, miijaz, sanchbepan. 

Epoch, tarlkb, san, titb (?). 

EauAL, {adj.) barabar, musawl, saman, sar- 
war, sarbar, kufQ, 1275, hamta, yaksan, 
{adequate to) kafi, kabil, {even) hamwar, 
cbauras, {in compos.) bam, {suhst.) ham- 
-sar, ham-cbashm, {in age) ham-umr, 
{fellow) nazir, dusra. 

To EciUAL, barabar h„ eksan h., pabunchna. 

EauALiTY, EauALNESs, barabarl, musa- 
wat, samtii, hamwarl, bamsari, ham- 
-chashml : to claim — , hath milana. 

TbEaDALizE, barabar*., hamwar i.,eksan*. 

EauALS, abna-i-jins, akran, amsal. 

Equation, musawat. 

Equator, klm't-i-i-trrfi, l-lntt-i-i'tidrd. 

Equerry, : 'li-d (.'). 

Equestrian, • i t ■ u .sbfib-sawar, 

EQUiLiimii:M, rii.l..!, lM,.,.l;,nLzr.'I (?). 

Equinoctial, khaft-i-i'tidal-i-lail onahar. 

To Equip, saz saman d., musallab k. 

Equipage, {retinue) sawarl, jilau, thath, 



ESP 

rikab, kor, {furnilure) asbab, saman, 

lawazima, saz-yarak. 
Equitable, munsif, adil, rast-baz, sachchS. 
Equitably, munsifana, insaf se. 
Equity, insaf, hakk, adl, nya'e, dad. 
Equivalence, iwaz, badla, barabarl. 
Equivalent, musawl, bam-klmat. 
Equivocal, mubbam, muzabzab. 
Equivocalness, ibbfim. 
To Equivocate, bat pberna, zaban palatna. 
Equivocation, tajnis, du-zabanl. 
Equivoque in writing, tajnis, slash. 
Era, tarikh, saka (1233), sambat (1310), 

fasli (1494), wilayati (2144): to establish 

an — , saka k., sambat bandbna. 
To Eradicate, ukbarna, nkhernil, uparna. 
ERADicATED,mustasal. Eradicating,! 10. 
Eradication, bekb-kani, istlsal, ukbar. 
To Erase, metna, mitana, bakki., 1863. 
Erased, mahv, mansukli. 
Erasing-knife, hakkl. 
Erasure, mahv, hakk. Ere, age, kabl. 
Erect, ka'im, kbara, istada, tharha, 1899 : 

— {a horse ready to cover) chak. 
TbERECT, kbarai., ka'im i., {build)ta mir 

*., {raise) uthana, {fx) bar-pa k. 
ERECTED,istada,mansub. Erecting, nasb. 
Ek-cctio penis, nu'uz. Erection, imarat. 
Ermine, sanj!ib,kakum. To Erode, katna. 
To Err, bhulna, kbatai., cbukna, iikna. 
Errand, sandes, paigham, payam. 
Errant, Erratic, dfmwandol, awara. 
Erring, (arf;.)gum-rah, zallal, {subst. )zala.\. 
Erroneous, gbalat,na-sabih: — writer, 1 4- 1^ 
Erroneously, sahwan. 
Erroneousness, gbalatl. 
Error, gbalat, ghaltl, kbata, sabu, zalal, 

gum-riibi, bhul: — of the copyist, sahw- 

-i-katib : — of the pen, sabwu-1-kalam . 
Erst, pesbtar, pable, age. 
Eructation, dakar, dhakar, arogh. • 
Erudition, bidya, ilm, tadlb, fazllat, fazl. 
Eruption, khurfij, {on the skin) rakt-pitti, 

1389, {dakh.) phuiignl. 
Kind 0/ Eruptive disease, khasra. 
Ervum hirsutum, { — lens?), masiir. 
Erysipelas, surkb-bada, {dakh.) sherza. 
ERYTHRiNA/«?yens, 369: — indica, pfingra. 
Erythronium indicum, jangll piyaz. 
Erythroxylon sidereoxyloides, dewdrirS. 
Escape, najat,riha'I,bacba'o,bhagar,nafa? : 

making one's — , rafu-chakkar. 
To Escape, bacbna, nikalna, palanil, fahna, 

cbbutna, 463 : — one's notice, chuka'i d. 
Escaped, najl. EscHAROTic,khane-walfi. 
Escheat, baitu-1-mal. Escort, badraka. 
Esculent root, Slu, kacbalu, kund, ghoyan. 

vegetables, tarkarl, sag, sag-pat. 

Especial, makhsus, khas?, akha??. 
Especially, kbususaij, kbiiss, "da-l-kbusuf. 



EVA 

Esplanade, rakaba. Espousals, lagan. 
To Espouse, byah *. ; — a cause, pushtl A. 
To Espy, dekhna, ditna, takna. 
Essay, {attempt) kasd, {trial) azma'jsh, 
{effort) sa'f, koshish, {treatise) risala : 
— of metals, kas, ta'o, ayar : to — , kasd 
*., sa'f i., {metals) ta'ona, kasna. 
Essence, zat, mahiyat, jauhar, ain, nafs, 
{the best of any thing) khulasa, zubda, 
sararth, {perfume) atr, phulel. 
Essences, jawahirat. 

Essential, zati, jauharl, {necessary) zarur, 
la-budd,(^M«)klialis,(sMAs<.)OTeEssENCE. 
EssENTiALLY,bi-zatihi. Essentials, 1428. 
To Establish, {fix) thahrana, mukarrar 
k., bandhna, bar-pa*., ka'im k., {prove) 
sabit A., tikharna: — a family, ghar i. 
Established, mukarrar, ustuwar, mus- 
tabkam.bar-karar, sabit : tobe — ,bar-paA. 
Establishing, ta'aiyun,675,(af7/".) musbit. 
Establishment, {fixing) thalira'o, {fixed 
state) kiyam , basti, {confirmation) takarrur, 
ta'aiyun, {foundation) bunyad, bina, {in- 
come) mushahara, tankhwah. 
Estate, {possession) milk, mal, sarkar, 
{rani) darja, martaba : — of a deceased 
person, tarka, mal-i-matruk : hereditary 
— , miras : landed ■ — •, chak, zamin-dari : 
paternal — , bapauti. 
Esteem, {regard) muljabbat, pyar, tapak, 
{estimation) sanman, kadr, wazn, {respect) 
liurmat, sambhram. 
To Esteem, aziz janna, 6.5, {consider)]&nna.. 
EsTEEMED,EsTiMABLE,rizIz.mu'azzaz,l858. 
Estimate, *kut, sbudkfir, liisab, anka'o. 
7'oEsTiMATE,molthahrana,andaz*.,atkalna. 
Estimated, mushakhkhas. Estimating, 59. 
Estimation, {opinion) samajh, shumar, {es- 
teem) izzat, pyar, {valuation) kimat kT 
tasbkliTs. 
7>)EsTRANGE, begana k., muhabbat khaiiich 

lena. Estranged, gardlda. 
EsTRANGEMENT/?'om /nenrfs, kutkl. 
Et CETERA, wa ghaira, adi, iidik, adit. 
Eternal, Ijiyazal, jawidan, mudami, abadi, 
da'im, azali o abadI, 1866 : — existence, 
azaliyat. Eternally, mudam, nit, 
jug-jug, dawam, chir-kal. 
Eternity, mudawamat,hameshagl,nitta, 98. 
Ether, asir, akas, akas, bhau, nabh. 
Ethereal, aslrl, iikasl, asmani. 
Ethicks, akhlak, ilm-i-akblak, nit-shastr. 
Ethiop, zangi. 

Etihuette, adab, 677 : observing — ,960. 
Etymology, ishtikak, wajli-i-tasmiya, 1 384. 
Evacuant, mus'hil, jliar, juUab. 
ToEvacdate, kliali k. . ikliraj k. : — feces, 
hagna. Evacuation, takhliya, ikhraj . 
{of feces) dast, jliara. 
T'oEvADE,(etede)bat dharana,talna,chlialna. 



EWE 

1806, {escape) nikal bhagna, pahliitihl k. 
Evading a promise, wa*da-wa*id. 
Evangelist, mubashshir. 
7'oEvAPORATK,(».n.)sukhna,(».a.)sukhana. 
Evaporation, autan, bukiar hokeurna. 
Ev.\sioN, bahana, pas pesh, tal-matol. 
Evasive, muzabzab, dhokha-bfiz, hila-baz. 
Eve, sham t see Evening, (»i. /pro/;.) hawwa. 
Even, {level) barabar, hamwar, chauras, 
1901, {not odd) juft, jugam, {smooth) saf, 
{equal) be-bak, {adv.) bhi, ham, hal anki: 
— then, tau bhi. 
Evening, sham, sham-gah, sanjh, pradosli. 
Evenness, hamwari, i'tidal, barabari, 2igi. 
Event, waki'a, hadisa, saniha, ariza, sar- 
-guzasht, majara: inthe — , ahyanan, 1462. 
Eventide, sham-gah. 
Events, ahwal, sawanih, waridat, waki'at, 
waka'i' : at all — ; ba-har-hal, 399, 999. 
Ever, {at any time) kabhl, kabhii, {always) 
hamesha,nit,hargiz,hamwara :/or — ,1459. 
Everlasting, amar, abinasi, akhai. 
Every, har, sab, sakal: — body, — one, 
sab-ko'I : — moment, lamha-lamha, har- 
-dam : — thing, sab-kuchh, sarbasu : — 
time, har-bar : — where, har-kahln, wahan 
ka wailful ,jidhar-tidhar : in — Hioy.har-kyuii 
Eugenia cari/ojihijUata (IVilld.), laung: — 
acutangnln, ;il)j;i: — jamhosor jambolana, 
jam, guirLb-ifiin.'iii, jfiinan. 
Evidence, ih-xliiuumn ^hfihidi, gawiihl, 
wuzuh, sbalKuLit. ta'iyii. [iritness) gawah. 
To Evidence, shahadat (?., dalalat *. 
Evident, zahir, harmala, huwaida, wazih, 

numayan, ma'lum, ashkSra, paida. 
Evidently, sarlljan, -a rfi I ill all. aliji iii,,-,o6. 

Evil, (orfj.)bura, bail, I ., / Inu-a'i, 

badi, kharabi, nulm-n, -lint, kalifihat, 
309, {misfortune) niusibat, bala, kasbt : 
king's — , kanth-mala, gand-mala : — 
S])eaker, bad-go : — speaking, bad-go'i : 
evils, baliyat, mafasid. 
Evildoer, bad-kar, gunah-gar, bad-fi"l. 
EviLMiNDED,bad-andesh,bad-dil,bad-bat.in. 
To Evince, zahir k., jatana, dalil h. 
Eulogist, madh-khwan, sana-khwan. 
EuL0GY,EuLOGiuM-,ast«t,madh,na*t, 1879. 
Eunuch, klr.l i, llu\,"ia--ar,a,]diasl, 977. 
To EvoL-i'i-., ml \i'.'. r.ilii nia, suljhana. 
Evolution, /.'/.//" L r.a'ij. 
Euphony, tal]Mii-i-laiuliui'.. 
Euphorbia, (a species of) sij, sehund, {tri- 
angular) 641 : — antiquorum, tidhara, 
sehund, zakkum, 1364: — hirta and 
thymifolia, duddhi : — neriifolia, thuhar, 
2144, 1364. 
Euphrates, furat. Europe, farangistan. 
European, farangi, afranji, wilayati. 
EuRYALEyi?/'Ox, makhana. 
Ewe, bher, {dakh.) bakri. 



EXC 



2295 



Ewer, ta-slit, aftaba. ibrik , jharl,sabu, abtaba. 
Ex ACT, thik , sanch , piira, barabar, {very) a i n . 
To Exact, nichofna, darkhwast *. , takaza * . 
Exacted, muktaza. 
ExACTER, Exacting, muktazT, 1431. 
Exacting, Exaction, takaza, mufalaba. 
Exactly, thik, hi, hiii, hii, hun, bi-fiinih. 
Exactness, Ex ACTiTnDE,barabarT,durusti. 
Tb Exaggerate, barhana, mubalagha k. 
Exaggeration, mubalagha. 
To Exalt, sarfarfiz k., barhana, bara k. 
Exaltation, irtifii', sar-bulandl, sar-farazT. 
Exalted, sar-faraz, rafi", buland, mu'alla: 
of — rani,raf I'fi-sh-shan, rafi'd-I-makan. 
Examination, Examining, just jii, pa- 
rekha,parichchha,azraa'ish,imtihan,taftish 
To Examine, taftish k., tahklk k., puchh- 

na, {prove) kasna, azmana, janchna. 
Examined, azmiida: to be — , tajwiz h. 
Examiner, Examining, parakhaija, 19,53. 
Examiner of accounts, muhasib : — of 
coin, nakkad, poddar. 
Example, {pattern) namuna, raashk, tam- 
sTl, pesh-nihad, kidwa, {dakh.) madarl, 

{warning) ibrat, musla : foi , chunan- 

chi, ma.salan. Exanimate, be-jan. 
To Exasperate, dikk *;, 389, 262. 
To Excavate, kakorna, khandna, korna. 
Excavation, {for planting a tree) thala : 

subterraneous — , nakb. 
To Exceed, nikalna, ziyada h., jita h., ta- 

jawuz k. : — bounds, chal nikalna. 

Exceeding, ExcEEDiNGLY,nipat,ati,za'id. 

To Excel, tarjih rakhna, charhta A., 1467. 

Excellence, Excellency, fazTlat, bara'i, 

bartarl, awwallyat, fazl, kliiibi, hunar, 

sharaf, tarjilj, tafzll, 637, 230, 1277, 150O: 

your, his, Sfc, — , janab-i-ali,hazrat, 1998. 

Excellent, bihtar, bhala, fazil, ia'ik, 

khassa, {eminent) mumtaz : more or most 

— , afzal. 

Excellently, ba-khubi, achchh! tarah se. 

Excelling, {adj.) ghiilib, {subst.) tafazzul. 

Except, baghair, baghair az, bajuz, cbbut. 

To Except, chhorna, faro-guzasht k., 

chhuranii, {object) i'tiraz *. 
ExcEPTED/rom any common rM?e,musta.sn5. 
ExcEPTioN,istisna,tahashT, (m jrra»2.)shazz. 
Excess, ifrat, ziyadati, bahutat, adhika'I, 

kasrat, {intemperance) bad-parhezi. 
Excessive, faziil, ziyada, adhik, bahut. 
Excessively, nihayat, ba-shiddat, az-liadd. 
Exchange, {barter) tabdil, badl, adl-badl, 
erapheri, mu'awaza, {recompense) iwaz, 
badal, badla, {in coin) karda, batta : — 
merchant, hundl-wal : {market for mer- 
chants) chauk : — on bills, hundiyan : 
price of — , badla'i : in — , badal, badle : 
to — , adla-badla k. , badalna, mu'lwaza k. 
Exchequer, klialisa, khazina. 



2296 



EXE 



Excise, malisul. Exciseman', mirclha. 

Excitation, hayajan. To Excite, chher- 
na, bar d., angezna, uthana, machana, 
dalna, targhlb d., tahrik d., 400, 854 : — 
desire, nichna, iubhana, lalchana : — en- 
mity, khalish uthana : — a quarrel, rang 
lagana, luka lagana, Idkana, 1541 : — 
resentment, 925. 

Tu le Excited, ukasna, chhirna. 

Exciter, Exciting, {adj.) muharrik, {in 
compos.) angez : — tumults or quarrels, 
fitna-angez, shor-angez. 

Excitement, Exciting, hayajan, tahrik. 

To Exclaim, bol uthna, pukarna, chillanii. 

Exclaiming, {adj.) na"ra-zan, hatif. 

Exclamation, faryad, shor, ghul, na'ra- 
-zani, nala. 

To Exclude, kharij i., nikiil d., malirum i. 

Excluded, malirum, haram, mardud. 

Exclusion, ruka'o, {of friends) mahruml. 

Exclusive, Exclusively, aliiwa, ma-siwa. 

To Excommunicate, mardud l\, ajat i. 

Excommunicated, mal'un, mardud, ajat. 

To Excoriate, chhilna, ragarna, ghisna. 

To le Excoriated, chhibia. 

Excoriation, kharash. ghisa'o, ragar. 

Excrement, guh, gha'it, mal, baraz : har- 
dened — , sanda: thin — in diarrhcea, rikh. 

Excrescence, ukda, girih, {fesht/) 1175. 

ExcRETiON,khuruj,takhliya,ikhraj-i-ala'ish. 

To Excruciate, azab d., dukh d., azar d. 

Excruciating, {adj.) allm, dil-kharash. 

Excursion, {ramble) sair, {digression) ga- 
rez, jhar-pahar : military — , daur, takht. 

Excusable, ma'zur, kabil-i-afu. 

Excuse, uzr, ma'zarat, hujjat, bahana, po- 
zish,bintT,mintT: to make — , uzr-khwahi*. 

To Excuse, mu'af *., ma'zur rakhna, jane 
d., dar-guzar *. ; — one's self, bat talna. 

Excused, mu'fif, ma'zur, naji. 

To make Excuses, bat banana, chhalna. 

Execrable, karlh, la'in, makriih, mardud. 

To Execrate, la'nat k., kosna, sarap d. 

Execrated, mal'un. 

Execration, la'nat, tuf. 

To Execute, {perform) ba-ja lana, ba-sar 
*., kama, sar *., {kill, q. v.) katl k. 

Execution, ada, nibera'o, kar-guzarl, {kill- 
ing) katl : place of — , maktal, katl-gah, 
{(m goods) kurk-nama : to do — , ainal k., 
mar k., kat k. : to put into — , jaii *. , 
chalana. Executioner, jallad, badhik : 
office of—, jalladi. 

Executive, kar-guzar, hukm-ran. 

Executor, wa?i. Executrix, wa?Iya. 

Exemplar, naskha, namudar. 

Exempt, Exempted, khali, mubaiT.'>, 1903. 

Land Exempt /rom rent and ta.r, muTifl. 

To Exempt, mubarra *., clihop'i rakhna: 
— from further transmigration, nistarna. 



EXP 

Exemption, chhutkfira, mu'afi, bacha'o. 
ExEauiES, sradh, tajwiz-i-takfln. 

Exercise, {labour, q. v.) shughl, warzish, 
ishtighal, mihnat, {practice, use, q. v.) 
isti'mal, abhyas, mashk, {task) sabak, 
dars : kind of — , (land : military — , ka- 
wfi'id : place of — , jaulan-gah, kawa'id- 
-gah : to take — , salr i., phera k. : an — 
among Asiatic poets, samasya: — of 
austerity among jogis, samadh. 

To Exercise, zor *., isti'mal k., mashk k., 
chalana, karna : — authority, Ijukumat k. : 
— troops, kawa'id k. 

Exercised, murtaz, mu'auwad. 

To Exert one's self, zor k., koshish k. 

Exertion, tan-dihi, tag o dau, koshish, sa'i, 
jidd o kadd : to make — , koshish k. 

Exhalation, bukhar(/)far.abkhar'l,bhaph. 

To Exhale agreeable smells, mahakna. 

To Exhaust, khalii., sab nikald., mandai. 

Exhausted, Ijiz. 

To Exhibit, dikhana, zahir k., namud *. 

Exhibited, namiid, paida. Exhibiter, 
Exhibiting, muz'hir, {in compos.) numa. 

Exhibition, iz'har, inkishaf, dikhlawa. 

To Exhilarate, shadi., tasalU<i., hulsana. 

Exhilarating medicine, mufarrih. 

Exhilaration, tafrjlj, hulas, 1270, 1589. 

To Exhort, nasihat k., wa'z k., targhib d. 

Exhortation, wa'z, upades, nasihat, pand. 

Exigence, takaza, zarQrat, ihtiyaj, {dis- 
tress) taklif, muhimm, shiddat ; as — may 
require, hasb-i-hal, ba-kadr-i-ihtiyaj. 

Exile, {banishment) des-nikala, be-watanl, 
{one banished) shahr-ba-dar, be-watan. 

To Exile, jila-watan k. : be Exiled, 783. 

To Exist, bona, rahna, achhna, maujud h. 

Existence, wujad, hast, hasti, kaun, bud. 

Existent, Existing, maujad, hone-wala. 

Exit, rawanagi. Exoletus, mukhannas. 

To Exonerate, mubarra k., halka k. 

Exorbitance, ta'addi, faziili. 

Exorbitant, be-kiyas, ziyada, adhik. 

To Exorcise, jharna,phiinkna,chhuchwana. 

ExoRciSER, hazu-ati. Exorcism, mantar. 

Exordium, dibaja, fatilia, mafia', khutba. 

Exotic, par-desi, ajnabi : an — , bidesi per. 

To Expand, (d. a.) pasarna, phailana, chaur- 
ana, {v. n. be expanded) khulna, phailna, 
pasarna, {as a flower) khilna, bigasna. 

Expanded, kushada, wa-shuda, 344, 1399. 

Expanding, {of a flower) shuguftagl. 

Expanse, sath. Expansion, kushadagl. 

7'oExPATiATE,(indi*co«r«c)tafsIlwarkahna. 

To Expect, intizar *., rah dekhna, 704. 

Expectant, Expecting, ummedwar, mun- 
tazir, nigran, mutawakki', mutarassid. 

Expectancy, 1 ummedwari, intizar, tn- 

Expectation, J wakku", taras^ud, (hope) 
cha8hin-dasht,rija: ill-grounded — , looH. 



EXP 

To Expectorate, khankhama, chhantna. 
Expectoration, khankhar, kaf-shikani (?). 
Expedience, Expediency, shayastagi, lu- 

zum,liyakat,maslaliat,muktaza,muuasabat 
Expedient, {adj.) shayasta, wajib, wajibi, 

zariir, la'ik: {subst.) tadaruk, chara. 
To Expedite, daurana, {facilitate) asan k. 
Expedition, shitabi, jaldl, jald-bazi, ta'jil, 

(journey) safar : military — , daur, takht. 
Expeditious, shitab-baz, jald, jald-baz. 
To Expel, nikalna, nikalwana, kharij k. 
Expelled, randa : — from cast, ajat. 
To Expend, kharch k., lutana, uthana. 
Expended, masruf, mabziil : to be — , 

kharch h., sarf A., uthna, lagna, bazl h. 
Expenditure, Expense, kharj, kharch, 

sarf, masraf, byai, bazl, (cost) kimat, mol. 
Expenses, ikhrajat, makharij, masarif: 

sum total of — , tasarrufat : travelling — , 

rah-kharch : without money f 01 , 431. 

Expensive, (prodigal) kharchu. musrif, fa- 

ziil-kharch, (costly) mahangii, kimati. 
Expensively, kharj se: to live — , 1708. 
Experience, (trial) tajriba, 634, (skill) 

kar-dam, wukuf. 
To Experience, dekhna, tajriba i., 175. 
Experienced, kar-azmiida, kar-dan, 634. 
Experiment, tajriba, imtiban, azma'ish. 
Experimentally, imtihan se, azma'ish se. 
Expert, mahir, wakif-kar, chatur, chiUak, 

pakka, kamil, phurtBa, kar-dan, nipun. 
Expertness, kardani, maharat, chatura'i. 
To Expiate, kafarad., metna, taubai. 
Expiation, kafUra, takfir, parachit, 349. 
Expiration, (end) inkiza, tamami, anjam. 
To Expire, (die) marna, mitna, (breathe 

out) dam chhorna. 
Expired, (past) munkazl. 
To Explain, bayan k., bakhanna, batlana. 
Explained, raubaiyan, mashruh, mufassar. 
Explainer, kashif, kashshaf, mufassir. 
Explanation, tashrih, byaura, bayan, tas- 

rlli, ta'bir, sharh, tafsir, bibaran,samjhauti. 
Explanatory, musharrih, bayani, tafsili. 
Expletive, (subst.) takiya-kalam, 679. 
Explicable, sharh karne ke la'ik. 
To Explicate, bayan k., zahir A., wazih k. 
Explicit, saf, sarlli, wazih, zahir, thik. 
Explicitly, bayanwar, byaurewar. 
To Explode, (discard) mardud *., be-ra- 

waj *., (burst forth) zor senikal parna. 
Exploit, muhimm, kiir-i-azim, jur'at. 
To Explore, chhan mama, khojna, 634. 
Explosion, tarap, thahakii, chatiikha, 1094. 
To Export, ek mulk se saudagarl asbiib le^. 
To Expose, namud *., fash *., (lay open) 

kholna, ugharna, (disclose) parda-dari *., 

(endanger) khatre mei'i dalna, (cast out) 

diilna, chhornii, (difame) bad-nam k. • — 

to imminent danger, jiiii par ana. 



EXT 



EYE 



Exposition, {recilal) t;iknr, (explanation) 
bayan, tasril.i, [commentary) sliarlj, tika. 

Expositor, sliarili, ma'ni-numa. 

To Expostulate, takrar k., hujjat k., 
radd-o-badal *. 

ExposTULATioN,kaha-kahI, guft-o-shunud. 

Exposure, iz'har, ifsha, dikha'o, pardadari : 
public — , {of a criminal, Sfc.) tashhlr. 

To Expound, sharli k., tashriljA., bayan A. 

Express, (clear) saf, zahir, (particular) 
khasst (messenger) kasid, paik, (message) 
paigham. 

To Express, {utter) uchcharna, (denote) 
batlana, nishantf., (shew) jtahir *., (press 
out) nichorna. 

Expressed, (mentioned) majkur, malfuz, 
{squeezed out) afshurda : — juice, usara. 

Expression, (utterance) uchchar, talaffuz, 
(mode of s])eech) bachan, boll, kaul, su- 
kjian, (representation) iz'har, bayan, 
{squeezing out) nichor -.an — of quan- 
tity in algebra, kalak : mode of — , ibaiat. 

Expressive, dall, pur-matlab, (as a face) 
salona. 

Expressly, kasdan, siif-saf, takid se. 

Expulsion, nikal, istikbraj , ikhraj, (from 
one's native land) jila-watam : power of 
— , kuwat-i-dafi'a. 

To Expunge, mitana, ghis dfilnfi, liakk k. 

ExauisiTE, nafis, latlf, bilitai-, (dakh.) 23, 

ExauisiTELYnafasatse: — n-ru)ight,mu\in\\-d( 

Exquisiteness, nafasat, kliubi, tubfagl. 

Extant, bald, maujud, nazar ke age. 

ExTEMPOBAUY, ExTEMPORE, fi-1-badIha 
bola hu'a, filbadlha, be-g]iaur, nagahani. 

To Extemporize, filbadlha kahna, be-ta'- 
ammul bolna. 

To Extend, (v. n.) pabunchna, {v. a. 
stretch or spread out) pasarna, bistarna, 
tanna, bichhana, (expand) phailana, bar- 
hana, (lengthen) lamba k. ; — one's bu- 
siness or schemes, bath panw phailana : — 
one's thoughts, ifc, daurana, chalana. 

Extended, kashlda, mnmtadd, mumbasit. 

Extending, (over) muslitamil. 

Extension, Extensiveness, kushadagT, 
phaila'o, di;iurrri. niadil, il:irrizl, bara'i. 

Extensivk, I ' " . ', ' ':, 1,11-ihada, wasi". 

Extent, wu^','' , ; !, i r.,. I.i.ifu-, bara'i. 

ToExTENUAi! 1 Jjil ',, ;Ji:iirin5,kamfina. 

Extenuation, takhnf, gliatti, ma'zarat. 

Exterior, baharl, beruni, (subst.) upai-. 

ro ExTERM natp tl 7 kl m tahf/t. 

Extermination beLL ka t al talaf. 

Exterminator beU. kin 

External ki i f ej ) 282 

Externa 1 1 I 

Extinct n nest. 

ExTiNCTi I f (dest uc- 

tioi)mi\ k — J Ja ly J raj. 



To Extinguish, (quench) bujhana, (de- 
stroy) nas *., mitana : — a candle or 
lamp, gul k., chiragh barhana. 

Extinguished, muntaf 1,2056: — lamp, 862 

To be Extinguished, bujbna, thanda h. 

To Extirpate, ukharna, nest na-bud k. 

ExriRPATiON, istlsal, bekh-kani. nas, fana. 

Extirpator, bekh-kan. 

To Extol, bara'i k., barnan k., sarahna. 

Extoller, maddah, sana-khwan. 

To Extort, nichorna, bazor lena, le lena. 

ModeofExTORTi^^apaymentofa debt, \og3. 

Extortion, ziyfida-talabi,saklit-glrl,ta'addi. 

Extortioner, ziyada-talab, niclioru, zalim. 

Extract, (essence) kbulasa, hir, (quotation) 
ehumbak, muntakhab, sarfirtb, chida. 

roExTRACT.nikriliia.istikliraj k., 109,1670. 

7'oAeExTRArTi:i),cliliantnri,karhna,khichna. 

Extraction, istikhrrij,(//«mje)nizliad,bans. 

Extraneous, babirl,begana,paraya,ajnabl. 

ExTUAORDiNARY,aniitha,juda,nyara, nadir. 

ExTRAVAGANCE.fazul-kbarchi.war-kharchl. 
israf, (immoderaieness) ziyadati,be-dastiirl. 

Extravagant, war-kharch, faztil-kharcb, 
(immoderate)he-Bindiza.: — person, iira'ii. 

Extreme, (last) akbirl, (great) bara, niha- 
yat, atyant, (subst.) sirfi, nihayat, iiitiha. 

Extremely, nihayat, iiipat, ba-shiddat. 

Extremity, (utmost part) akhir. payan, 
iiitihfi, nihayat, badd, (distress) zarurat, 
il.itiyfij, tangi, ajizi : to prish any thing to 
— , l.iadd k. 

To Extricate, chhurana,azad k., suljhana. 

Extrinsic, zahii-i,surl,arizi: see External. 

Extrinsically, zahiraii. 

To Extrude, thelnfi, dhakelnii, nikalna. 

Exuberance, ifrat, firfiwanl, barhti, kasrat. 

Exuberant, ziyada, kasir, adhik, labrez. 

Exudation, tirawish, pasina, pase'o. 

To Exudate, Exude, chiina, sijna, pasijna. 

To Exult, phida na-samana,hulasna,phiilj. 

Exultation, uraang, bashashat, khushl. 

Exulting, (adj.) shad, masriir, mumbasit. 

Eye, ,inkb, nain, chashm, dida, lochan, ain, 
iictr, drig, cliakh : — of a needle, naka, 
suffir: as far as the — can reach, madd-i- 
nigfdi : fatigtiing to the — , as minute 
objects, life, dlda-rezl: having an unlucky 
or malignant — , shor-chashm : reddish — , 
gulal-chashm : to shut or cover the — , 
michaulna : wanton or impudent — , dlda, 
dhoya-dida. To Eye, nigah rakhna, 
nazar men rakhna, dekbna. Eyeball, 
putli, tnardumak, mardum-i-chashm. 

Eyebrow, bhaun,abrii,bhirkuti : having the 
eyebrows joined, paiwasta-abrii : open or 
wide between the eyebrows, kushada-abrii : 
with arched eyebrows, kaman-abrQ. 

Eyelash, mizha, (plur.) mizhgan, palak. 

Eyelet, randa, roshan-dan, surakh. 

7 S 



EYELP,ss,be-cha8hm. Eyelid, palak, prjta. 
Eyes, a'yiin : both — , ainain : with large — , 

881, 1121. 
Eyesight, bina'I, jot. Eyesore, khiir 

ankhoi'i ka, ankh kakanta, na-didanl. 
Eyewitness, sakhi, shahid, gawah. 



Fable, nakl, kissa, bikayat, kahani, afsana. 

To Fable, nakl k., kis?a k., jhuta kahna. 

Fabric, imarat, {manufacture) sakht. 

7'</FABRicATE,jorna,banana,(4«!7(/)ta'mIrA. 

Fabrication, banawat, sakht. san'at. 

Fabrics, (works of art) masnu'fit. 

Face, (visage) munh, chihra, n'l, wajh, 
badan, anan, mukhra, (dakh.)mim, chahr, 
(surface) saflia, sath, (appearance) rOp, 
surat, paikar, manzar : broad' — , kumach 
sa murih : — to face, amne samne, rii- 
-ba-ru, sonhin : in — , sanmukh : to — , 
munh charhna : to have the — shrunk or 
withered, Sfc, 1974: to make a long — , 
munh latkana : to turn away the — , ru- 
-gardan k. : to turn the — towards, mu- 
tawajjibA.. To jrtoie Faces, munh banana. 

To make wry Faces, munh terha k. 

Facetious, thattbe-biiz, thathol, haiisor. 

FACETiousNESs,zarafat, thatthe-bazl,2i97. 

Cut into Facets, (like a diamond) almasl. 

Facile, asan, sahaj, sahl, sarsarT, narm. 

To Facilitate, asani. Facilitated, 20 12. 

Facility, asani, asaniyat, suhulat, (dex- 
terity) dast-ras, dast-kari, (affability) 
kbulk, hilm, insaniyat, (softness) mulil- 
yamat, narnil : — in learning, Sfc. , malika. 

Facing, (confronting) samhna, mukabala, 
(plastering) astarkari : — of a dress, kor. 

Facsimile, tarasll. Fact, (reality) baki- 
kat, (deed) kam, kar, harakat, kartab : in 
— , fi-1-hakIkat, waki'i,fi-l-wiiki", jatarth. 

Faction, (tumult) hangama, hullar, balwa, 
fasad, fitna, halchal, (party) tar. 

Factious, fassadi, mufsid, fitna-angez. 

Factitious, (artificial) musanna' masnu', 
amalT, (fictitious) ariyati, taklldl. 

Factor, gumashta, kar-guzar, pesh-kar. 

Factory, kothi, kar-khana. 

Factotum, kulkuUan, barbabi, harkarl. 

Faculty, (ability) kuwat, takat, makdiir, 
isti'dad, (knack) dhab, sallka. 

To Fade, kumhlana, murjhana, jhurna, 
(languish) utama, (as colours, SfC.) utar J. 

Faded, pazhmurda, afsurda, (rapid) sitha, 
(colourless) mand, bibam : — by the 
s-un, aftabl. 

Fading, (/rai7) zanal-pazir, chhin- 

To Fag, (v. n.) tbakna, (v. a.) 1 

Fagot, balhl, anti, (dakh.) katta. 



229S 



FAK 



To Fail, nakis h., kusur k., kam h., {be- 
come extinct) munkati' h., {miscarry) 
chukna, bigarna, {omit) faro-guzasht k. 

Fail, Failure, {deficiency) kusur, tuta, 
tota, {extinction) inkita', faut, {bank- 
rtiptcy) dewala, {omission) ghaflat : — in 
the performance of a promise, Sec, chal. 

Failing, {subst.) chuk, kusur, {adj.) za'il, 
kasir: — inproviny one'sallegation, talbls. 

Fain, mushtak, arzumand, {dakh.) jhansu. 

Faint, {weak)za.% durbal, betab, {dejected) 
udas, afsurda, shorlda, {senseless) murchbit, 
bejan : to — , gbash ana, gbasb parnii, 
murcbha kbana, behosh bojana : to be — , 
te'orana : to become — , matti h. 

Fainted, murchbit. Fainthearted, boda. 

Fainting, (raisi.) gbasb, mob, 13-26, (rfoAA.) 
murjban, {adj.) gbasbi. Faintly, abista. 

Faintness, betabi, durbalata, zu'f, nakabat. 

Fair, {white) gora, ujla, chitta, {handsome) 
^ubsiirat, hasln, {jttst) sidba, munsif, 
rast, adil, (as weather) pharcbba, {as 
hair) bhura,mai-gun, {subst .)me\si, pentb, 
subbat, {adv.) akhlak se, abiste : — com- 
plexioned, gora, gaur : — faced, ru-su- 
faid : — play, rast-bazi : — wind, bad-i- 
-murad, bad-i-sburta : — without and 
foul within, surat-baram. 

7%eFAiR,khuban. Fairly, rastlse,insafse. 

Fairness, («A!7eness)sukla'I,gura'i,(i6flM/3^) 
husn, khub-suratl, {clearness) safa'I, sbaf- 
fafl, {honesty) rasti, rast-bazI, insaf : — 
of speech, cbarb-zabanl. 

Fairspoken, charb-zaban, shirln-zaban. 

Fairy, pari : — bom, parl-zad : — faced, 
pari-paikar, par!-ru : — land, paristan : 
— like, pari-wasb. 

Faith, {belief) imaa, i'tikad, hawar, {re- 
ligion) dm, millat, dharm, mazbab, {trust) 
i'tibar, biswas, bharosa, {trust in God) 
tawakkul, {tenet) akida, {fidelity) wafa, 
{truth) sidk, {honesty) diyanat, {promise) 
kaul, bacban : defender of the — , protec- 
tion of the — , dln-panah. 

Faithful, {true, sincere) kbara, sachcha, 
?5dik, rast, amin, wafadfir, {honest) diya- 
natdar, amiinatdar, {loyal) namak-balal, 
{true to promise) nek-ahd, wa'da-wata, 
wafadar, {reliyious) dindar, imandar, dbar- 
mi, {orthodox) mumiii, {as a translation) 
sidha, ?af. 

Faithfdlness, amanatdarl, diyanatdiirl, 
wafadarl, jadakat, sachclifi'I, namak-halalT. 

Faithless, {not true to promise) be-wafa, 
wafa-begana, shikasta-waMa, bad-ahd, 
{treacherous) kha'jn, namak-liaram, {in- 
constant) dab-dila, {irreliyious) be-Iman. 

Faithlessness, be-wafa'i, kbiyanat, 299. 

FakIr, fakir, atit, sadh, sa'ii'i : to become a 
— , kapre rangna. FakIr's stand, takiya. 



FAL 

Fakirs, fiikara, ablu-Uah. 

Falchion, iina, teglia, talwar, 315. 

Falco, paiuluri : — calidus, babri, {the 
male) babri bacba : — cheela, cbll : — 
cristatellns, kohi or kubi : — dubitis or 
fasciatus or tinnunctilus, turmati : — ni- 
sus, besara : — pontecerianus, chhemau- 
kari, farbatu-1-lika. 

Falcon, shikra, besara, {dakh.) chipkba, 
khandesra, {male) jurra, basba, {female) 
babri, baz, bashin : a black-eyed sort of 
— , sbunkar : a royal — , shab-baz ; a 
royal white — , sbabin. 

Falconer, baz-dar, sbabin-parwar, sbikari. 

Falconer's glove, dastaki. 

Falconry, bazdari. 

Fall, patkan, pacbbar, sukiit;, {hurt from 
falling) cbot, {death) maut, marg, {ruin) 
tabahi, {degradation) utara, {decrease) za- 
wSl, gbatti, {declivity) utar, dbal : — of 
the leaf, khizan, pat-jbar, {dakh.) pat- 
-jbari : — ofioater, jbarna, cbadar, ab- 
shar : to let — , parna, {dakh.) satna. 

Tb Fall, parna, girna, pachharna, jbarna, 
404, 1139, {decrease) gbatna, kam h., 
{subside) utarna, par j. ,{be slain in battle) 
jiijhna, kam ana, kbet rahna, 1819, {to 
happen) an parna, bona, waki h., {be 
bom) paida h. : — atcay, (grow thin) 
sakhna: — back, {retire) hatna : — dotvn, 
gir-parna, patkan khana, pacbbar kbana : 
— from one's rank or estimation, patka^'. . 

— in, {sink, as a terrace) kbasna : — in 
the rear, pas-pa h. : — in vahte or dig- 
nity, utarna, os par j. : into difficulties, 
pech kliana : — into error, {dakh.) lirti 
men parna : — off, {decay) utarna, {as 
fruit) jbarna, {roll off) lurakhna : — out, 

{quarrel) jug pborna, jug phutna. See 
To Die, Decline, Subside, Revolt. 

Fallacious, makr-amez, jhutha, waswasi. 

Fallacy, nifak, talbis, dbokha, jhutb. 

Fallen, uftada, bbrasbt, patit, para, Siikit. 

Fallibility, kabiliyat-i-kbata, sabupaziri. 

Fallible, cbiikne-jog, mumkinu-s-sabu. 

Falling, uftadagi, patan, {as of a river, or 
of the price of anything) ghata'o, {off, of 
fruit, Sfc.) jbaran : — of water from a 
spoK/, ^c, tarerii: — sickness, apasmar. 

Fallow {ground) banjar : to — , jotna. 

False, {not true) jhiitlia, daroghi, asatya, 
{not real) lagbo, bat.il, {treacherous) chha- 
li, kha'in, be-wafa, daghal, {counterfeit) 
libasi, taklidi, {dishonest) n,i-rast, bad- 
-diyfinat, {hypocritical) riya-kar, riyS'i : 

— hearted, bad-batin, khiyanati : — re- 
later, gbalat-go : — speaker, asatya-biidi : 

— speaking, darogb-go'i : to prove to be 
— , jhutahiS. 

Falsehood, jhutb, darogb, kizb : accusing 



FAR 

of — , takzib : relating of — , ghalat-go'T. 

Falsely, jhutb-muth, cbuk se, be-waf5'i se. 

Falseness, khota'i, {dakh.) kbota'egi. 

Falsification, taghallub, taklid, sakhtagi. 

To Falsify, {forge) taghallubi *., banana, 
(prove to be false) jhutalna, jbuth kahna. 

To Falter, bicbkicbana, {stammer) 2184. 

Fame, {renown) niim, jas, kirti, namwari, 
{rumour) sbuhra, awaza, ishtihar, huba. 

Famed, mashhiir, namdar : to be — , bajna. 

Familiar, {affable) milansar, halim, {free) 
dbith, be-takalluf, mila-jula, {intimate) 
maliif, manus, dakhil, {subst.) dost, asb- 
na, yar, {demon) shaitan, bhiit : to be — , 
ashna'i k. 

Familiarity, {friendship) dosti, irtibat, 
(m<e»«acy)istinas,(/raBijiCis)be-takallufi. 

To Familiarize, (habituate) sadhna, kho- 
-dfdna, adi k., {tame) hilana, hamwar A. 

Familiarized, {tame) dast-amozi to be — , 
rauuh lagna : to make — , munh d. 

Familiarly, betakallufana, ashna'i se. 

Family, lyal, al, al-o-iyal, gbarhar, {tribe) 
kunba, kaum, kabila, kutumb, {lineage) 
kul, got, bans, nasi, zat, {household) khan- 
diln, gharana, khanman, {kin) apnayat, 
{dependants) lawilhik, muta'.'Uikan, (ge- 
nus, class) jins, kism, kabil : establishing 
or managing a — .katkhuda'i. kadkbuda'i: 
having a — , lyal-dar ; having a large — , 
kasiru-1-iyal : one who disgraces his ■ — •, 
kul-bor : to disgrace one's — , kul borna. 

Famine, kabt, kaht-sali, akfil, dubbuk: 
coming on or happening of a — , kal-parna. 

To Famish, {v. n.) To be Famished, bbu- 
khoiL mama, fakoumarna, faka khaincbna. 

Famished, faka-kasb, kabt-zada, muhish. 

Famous, nami, namwar, jasi, (noted) masli- 
bur, ma'ruf : to be — , nam h. : to be- 
come — , nam k. 

Fan, pankha, bijna, bena, {for irinnowing 
grain) parti, siip, {for driving away fiies) 
morchhal, {ventilator) badkasb, minshiir : 
large — , ariini : small — , pankhi : to — , 
jhapakna, jhalna, hawa k. 

Fanatic, Fanatical, muta'assib, majzub. 

Fanaticism, hararat-i-dini, ta'ajsub. 

Fancies, takbaiyulat, kbayalat. 

Fanciful, kbavi'di, wabmi, gumani. 

Fancy, khayal,wabin, tawabbum, tasauwur, 
{liking) shauk, chah, rijb, {taste) dhab, 
daul, salika, {whim) tarang, laliar, lalat: 
to — , tasauwur*., kbayal A., samajhna, 
guman *., {like, be pleased with) chfdma. 

Fane, math, girja, kalisa, mandap. 

Fang, nab, bir, paiija, niikhun. 

Fantasm, Fantasy, FANTOM,walim,labar. 

Fantastic, Fantastical, tarangl.khayali. 

Far, dur, ba'id, {much) bahut, ziySda : — 
be it from us, ab-sc dur: — from home, 



FAS 

ba'idu-1-watan : — off, dur se ; — sfeing, 
{provident) dur-bln : thus — , ta chunin. 

Farce, pekhna, natak, bhanda'I, sawang. 

Farcical, tamiisha-amez, tabassum-awar. 

Farc v,ghore ki ek bimarT,agin-ba'o,barsatI. 

Fare, (passage money) bliara,kiraya,khewri, 
(food) khana plna, kburak , kburish : to — , 
(ffo) chalna, guzarna, (be) bona, rahna, 
(live) guzran k. : — hardly, kath chabiina. 

Farewell, kbuda liafiz, widii", bida : bid- 
ding — , wida" : to bid — , wida' k. , bida k. : 
to take — , rukhsat lena. 

To use Far-fetched expressions, 901. 

Farina, ata, (of flowers) raj, parag. 

Farinaceous, ata sa, dane-dar. 

Farm, cbak, mazra', kbet, ijara : to — , 
(till the ground) jotna, (hire) kira'e par 
lena, (to let on hire) kiraya k. 

Farmer, kisan, chasi, milkl, ijaradar. 

Farmost, bahutdur, kalekoson. 

Farness, durl. 

Farrier, baitar, na'lband, salotari, 1235. 

Farrow, jhol, su'ar ka jhol. 

Tb Farrow, byana, su'ar ka bachcha janna. 

Fart, pad, goz: to — , padna, pad mama. 

Farther, (adj.) durtar, (adv.) age, alawa : 
to — , barhanS, chalanfi, pushtl d. 

Farthermore, alawa, siwa'e iske, is par. 

Farthest, sab se dur, dQrtarin. 

Farthing, peni ka chauthfi bissa, 1633. 

To Fascinate, farefta k. , maftun k. , jfidii k. 

Fascinated, maftun, mohit, mubtalii. 

Fascinating, (adj.) mufattin, manuhar. 

FASCiNATieN, afsun, jadu, silir, tona. 

Fascine, lakrl klanti, balhl, (dakh.) katta. 

Fashion, (form) daul, sbakl, tarkib, (cvs- 
iom) rasm, rawaj, dastiir, (mode) taur, 
tarah, waz', (cut of clothes, Sfc.) byont, 
tarash,kat', (raH*)shan, sbarafat, najabat. 

roFASHioN, banana, garhna, dbalna, thik k. 

Fashionable, ra'ij,chaln;, (genteel) ashraf. 

Fast, (subst. religious) roza, saura, barat, 
(from want, ifc.) lUka, langhan, upas : 
(adj. firm) mazbut, mustahkim, ustuwar, 
ka'im, (dakh.) ghat, (bound) bandha, 
(««);//) jald, tund, tez-rau, (s^mftly) iaU\: 
ending of a religious — , fitr, roza kholna : 
— going, tez-raftar. 

To Fast, keep a Fast, roza rakbna, fakai. 

To Fasten, (v. n.) bandhna, (adhere) pa- 
karna, chipakna, (v. a.) mazbiit k., mus- 
taljkim k., (tie) bandhna, kasna, (a door) 
band *., (cement) jorna, wasl k., (affix) 
lagana, (as a leech) lagna. 

Fastened, basta, band, dar-basta, marbut. 

Fastening, (sM4s<.)band,bandha'I,bandhan. 

A Faster, one who Fasts, roza-dar, sa'im. 

Fastidious, mirza-mizaj,nak-charha,2076. 

Fasting, (subst.) fiika-kashi, siyam, gurez, 
'797 • — end prayer, saum-saliit. 



FAV 

Fastness, mazbutl, istihkam, (fort) garh. 

Fat, (adj. plump, corpulent) mota, farbib, 
jasTm, (gross, viscous) charb, (as meal) 
charbi-dar, chikna, (subst.) charbl, pi, 
plh, (of meat) chikna'!, (the vessel) hauz, 
chah-bacha: to become — ,phul^'.,kuppaA. 

Fatal, katil, muhHk : see Predestined. 

Fatality, kaza, takdir, sar-nawisht. 

Fatally, muhlikana, (necessarily) takdi- 



FEE 



2299 



Fate, (destiny) takdir, kaza, kaza o kadr, 
kismat, likhii, (death) niaut, ajal, kaza, 
biniis : inevitable — , kaza-i-mubram : to 
be seized by — , kal-bas h. : there is no 
striving against • — , la haul wa iJi kuwat 
ilia billfdi. 

Father, bap, pidar, pita, walid (ancestor) 
jadd, (plur.) ajdad, (speaking very re- 
spectfully) kiblagah, wali-ni'mat, (an old 
man) bare miyan, (inventor) miijid, bani: 
— of a family, kad-khuda : — in taw, 
khusar. susar or sasur : — in law's house 
or family, susral, susriir : to consider as a 
— , biip k. : of one — by different mothers, 
sautela : to — , le pjdna. 

Fatherless child, yatim, be-pidar, putta. 

Fatherly, b.ip ka sa, pidarana, pidari. 

Father's brother, pitiyii : — elder brother, 
(dakh.) taya : — elder brother's son, 
(dakh.) tfi'era bha'i : — elder brother's 
daiii/liler, ta'erl bahan : — elder brother's 
wife, ta'i : — • sister, bhii'a, phu'a : — 

• sister's son, pbupera bha'I : — sister's 
daughter, phupherl bahan : — younger 
brother, (dakh.) chacha : — younger bro- 
ther's wife, (dakh.) chachanl. 

Fathom, bam, bam, pursa, char hath kl niip. 

To Fathom, mapna, thah lena, (by the 
mind) ghaur k. 

Fathomless, a-thah, be-thah, agam, amik. 

Fatigue, thaka'i,mandagi,sustl,(ta7)mihnat 

To Fatigue, (v. a.) manda k., thakana. 

To Fatigue one's self, rabarna. 

Fatigued, manda, sust, ajiz, rabda: lobe 
— , thakna, chahaliia, halak h. : to be — 
to death, dam nak men ana, 835. 

FATLiNG,shIrmast,jan\varkacharbdarbacha. 

Fatness, (corpulence) niotrri, farbilii, jasa- 
mat, (grease, fat) charbi, cliarbdfirl. 

To Fatten , mota k. , phulana, (v. n.) farbib h. 

Fault, (defect) aib, taksir, kusSr, (mis- 
take) ghalatl, sahu, (error) kbata, chiik, 
(crime) gunah, pap, jurm : finding — , 
aib -girl : to be in — , rat men h. 

Faultiness, kusfir, khota'i, zabiini, bura'i. 

Faultless, be-taksir, be-kusiir, be-dos. 

FAULTS.jara'im : the picking out — ,aib-chlni. 

Faulty, (culpable) takslr-war, (defective) 
khotii. Faun, (sylvan deity) nasniis. 

Favour, (kitidness) mihrbani, tawajjuh, kir- 



pa, yawarl, (gift) mayat, ibsan, in'am, 
bakhshish : — of God, tauflk : receiving 
— , mamniin : shewing — , musbfik : to 
confer — on, mihr-bani k. : to show — , 
talattuf k. 

To Favour, mihrbani*., ihsan k., madad k. 

Favourable, (kind) mihrban, (beneficial) 
madadgar, (convenient) la'ik, bihtar, mu- 
nasib : a — judgment, husn-i-zann : — 
leind, bad-i-murad. 

Favourably, shafakat se, mihrbani se. 

Favoured, mamnun, makbul: ill — , zisbt- 
-ru, karlb-manzar : well—, nek-nianzar. 

Favourer, pachchhi. 

Favouring, mutawajjih, mukbil. 

Favourite, khatir-kluvah, aziz, rousahib, 
dost : royal — , mutakarrib : to become a 
— , munh lagna. 

Favours, altaf, an'am, marahim, akram. 

Fawn, ahu, harnauta, ghaziil. 

To Fawn, chaplusi k., jigijigi k., 1750. 

FAWNER.khaya-bardar.chaplus.khnshamadi 

Fawn-eyed, ahii-cbashm. Fawning, 780. 

Fealty, farman-bardarl, bai'at. 

Fear, dar, kbauf, dahshat, bak, bim, tars, 
(awe) ru'b, haibat, (anjciety) andesha, 
khafra, dharka : to — , (be afraid) darna, 
kbauf k., sabamna, sakucbna, (be anxious) 
andeshanak h., (frighten) darana, dah- 
shat d. : — exceedingly , ji nikalna. 

Fearful, (dreadfld) bhayanak, muhib, da- 
rawna, haulnak, (timorous) kba'if, buz- 
-dil, dahshat-nak, tarsan. 

Fearfully, dabsbat se, namardi se. 

Tearfulness, dahshat, dar, buz-dill. 

Fearing, (arf/.)kha'if : — Go(/, khuda-tars. 

Fearless, nidar, nidharak, bebak, nisank. 

Fearlessly, nidharak, nidarl se, bebaki se. 

Fearlessness, bebaki, nichinta'i. 

Feasible, honhar. 

Feast, ziyafat, daVat, jashn, 2004, i6ig. 

To Feast, (entertain) ziyafat A., shadi,!;., 
(eat) khana, 1988. 

Feasting, naw-nosh. Feaster, aiyash. 

Feat, kam, bat, kartab, muhimm, jur'at. 

Feather, par, pankh, (down) bal, rongte, 
ro'en, (kind) kism, rang, (ornament) jau- 
har: strongest — in a bird's wing, shahpar. 

Feathered hair, (of a horse) bhaunrl. 

Featherless, be-par-o-bal. 

To get new Feathers after moulting, 497. 

Feature, chinh, naksha, chihre ka ek liissa. 

Febrifuge nut, katkanij, katkaleji. 

February-March, pbagun, phalgun. 

Feces, (ordure) haraz, ^uh, (sediment) gad. 

Feculence, Fecclency, gad, durd, 1874. 

Fee, (reward) ajr, ajura, mihnatana, (per- 
quisite) dasturl, rusCim, (due) bakk. 

To Fee, (reward) ajura d., (bribe) rishwat d. 

Fee-farm, zamlndSrI. 



2300 



FEN 



Feeble, za'if, na-tawiin, niibal, kam-zor. 

To be Feeble, takat se tak k. 

Feebleness, na-tawanl, zu f, nakahat. 

Feebly, natawani se, susti se, ahiste. 

Feed, khurak, khana, chara, sabza, dana. 

To Feed, {v. n.) khana, charna, cliugna, 
{v. a.) khilana, {graze) charana, {give to 
peck) chugana, {nourish) palna, posna. 

Feeder, khila'u, mukit, charwaha, {in com- 
pos.) khur : gross or filthy — , aghorl. 

To Feel, {touch) chhuna, lams i., massi., 
{feet for) tatolna, tona, {perceive) ma"- 
lum *., daryaft i:, janna, {try) azmana, 
{seem) lagna : • — the pulse, nabz dekhna. 

Feel, Feeling, lams, lamisa, hiss, {per- 
ception) daryaft, samajh, khayal, {com- 
passion) rikkat, dilsozi, pyar : sense of — , 
kuwat-i-lamisa. 

Feet, paaon, pairon, akdam : — of a verse, 
charan ; to beat or icork with the — ■, 
khundalna : to touch or embrace one's 
— , kadam chhune. 

To Feign, {dissemble) bahana k., makar k., 
{invent) banana, ikhtira' k., bandhna. 

Feint, bahana, lilla, bhulawa, {dakh.) da'o. 

Tb Felicitate, mubarak-bad kahna, muba- 
rakl d., {gladden) hulsana, kliush k. 

FELiciTY,sukh,farhat,chain,anand,khurramT 

Felis caracal, siyah-gosh: — jubata, chita: 

— leopardus, tendu'a. 

Fell, sang-dil, katar, khunkhwar, be-rahm. 

To FELL,kat girana,kat dalna.kat <f.,marna. 

Feller q/'woofi, lakar-hara, tabar-dar. 

FELLNESS,sang-dili,be-rahmi,be-muruwatI. 

Felloe, chakkar ka gher, chakkar ka Ijalka. 

Fellow, {man, iti contempt)maTdak,\yiram- 
-zada, luchcha, {equal) ham-sar, ham- 
-chashmj {comrade) rafik, sathi, sharlk : 

— citizen, ham-shabri : — countryman, 
ham-watan : — creature, ham-jins : — 
labourer, ham-mashk : — lodger, ham- 
-khana : — rider, ham-rikab : — sufferer, 
ham-dard, ham-safir : — traveller, bam- 
-safar, bam-rah, badrika : — workman, 
ham-kar : a fine — , khassa yar : jolly — , 
yar-bash. 

Fellowship, suhbat, uns, sharakat. 
Felon, {criminal) mujrim,takslrwar,gunah- 

gfir, (a whitlow) chhilori, dummal. 
Felonious, zabun, pur sharr o gunah, jurml. 
Felt, {aubat.) namad, libd, {part.) mahsus. 
Female, strJ, istrl, zan, mada, madin, {adj.) 

zanana : — apartments, zanana, maball : 

— organ, sakti : — part of a family, 
namus : — servant, khadima : — *ej7, 
nisa : — wiles, tiriyfi-charitr. 

RaceofFRMALRS said toinhabitPalala,io^.\. 
Feminam subigere, chudna. 
Feminine, mu'annas,zanSna: — gender, t^rii^f. 
Fen, jhabar, daldal, dhasan, punk, niaru. 



FEW 

Fence, ihata, {hedge, lire.) tatrl, thathra, 
khar-bandi, ghera, {wall) dlwar, {defence) 
hiraayat, ar : to — , ihata k., gherna, sadd 
bandhna, {guard) himayat k., {with a 
foil, ^c.) hath phenkna, 1683. 

Fencer, pata-baz, tarwariya, hathiyar-baz. 

Fencing, lakar-bazi, hathiyar-bazi, {ma- 
terials for fences) saman-i-ihatabandl ; ■ — 
master, khalifa : see Fencer : striking off 
hand or playing loose in — , chhut. 

To Fend, talna, rokna, dur k., arna, etna. 

Fennel, so'a. Fenugreek, hulba, methl. 

Feoffee, aima-dar, ta'alluka-dar, jaglr-dar. 

Ferment, {leaven) maya, mawa, kliamir. 
{tumult) balwa, hangama, {heat) josh : to 
make — , sarana: to — , {effervesce) uhalna., 
josh khana, {leaven, v. n.) gajana, khamir 
h., {v. a.) khamir k. 

Fermentation, takhmir, josh, ubal. 

Fermented, mukhmir, {rotten) mar-pach. 

Ferocious, wahshi, khiin-asham, darinda. 

Ferocity, wahshat, kh&n-khwari, sakhtl. 

Feronia elephantum, kait, {dakh.) kawit. 

Ferret, newal, newal ki ek kism, rasu. 

Ferrule, samT,chhala,(o/a«ca4Sar(i)kothI. 

Ferry, guzargah, ghat, ma*bar : — boat, 
guzara, ma'bar, guzare kl na'o, {dakh.) 
parwa, 734 : — man, guzarban, patni, 
patunT, mallah : — money, khewa. 

To Ferry over, {v. a.) par k., ubiir *., par 
utarna, {v. 7i.) par utarna. 

Fertile, sansgar, zar-khez. jaiyid. ser-hasil. 

FERTiLENESs,FERTiLiTY,zar-khezi,sansgar* 

Fervency, garmi, shauk, hararat, sar-garmT. 

Fervent, Fervid, garm,dil-garm, shaukln. 

Fervour, (*?«;) joshish, hararat: see Zeal. 

Fescue, tinka, mil (?), {dakh.) khilal, kari. 

To Fester, karha A., gha'o pakna. 

Festival, te'ohar, id, parab : royal — , 
jashn : — among the cowherds, ras : the 
great — at the approach of the vernal 
equinox, holi : Hindu — , dewali. 

Festive, khush, khurram, idi, te'ohari. 

Festivity, shadi,chuhal,khiish?,aish-ashrat. 

Fetch, (;r2eA)dhokha,pech,hTla,fi.trat,makar. 

7'«FETCH,(joajjrfir!>ijf)leana,pahunchana, 
lekar anii : — breath, dam lena : — a 
sigh, ahmarnl. 

Fetid, bad-bu, bisahindii, muta'affin, ganda. 

Fetidness, FETOR,bisahind,ufiinat,sarahind 

Fetlock, ghore ke the'one kl pichhii taraf 
ka bal. ^ 

roFETTEK, zanjTr se band k., paikafi bharna. 

Fettered, pa-ba-zanjir, pa'e-band, 1937. 

Fetters, berl, paikari, paikarha, pawa'I. 

FEUD,fasad, jhagra, bakhera, jhanjhat. 

A Feudal tenure, suyiirghiil, jagTri. 

Fever, tap, tab, tap, humma, jar, bukhar : 
ardent or burning — , tap-i-muhrik. 

Few, thora, cliand, l<alil, ck-ad. 



FIG 

Fewness, killat, kamT, kamtl, thora'i. 

Fibre, resha, rag, gosht ya darakht ka 
resha : — of which rope is made, nar. 

Fibrous, resha-dar: — partofany thing.iins. 

Fickle, na-pa'edar, ochha, 1288,891, 882 : 
person of a — disposition, mom ki nak. 

Fickleness, chanchalahat, talauwun. 

Fiction, banawat,f^fl/g)afgana,nakl-i-sakhta. 

Fictitious, sakhta, makhtara', jhutha, 
nakli : — name, as John Nokes or Thomas 
Styles, amru, zaid: to procure a — person 
for some purpose, khara k. 

Ficus indica, bat, bar, vata : —glomerata, 
udumbar : — gulereea, giilar : — infec- 
toria, pakar, pakariya : — reWjioso, pipal. 

Fiddle, bela, kingri, sarangi (1231), sitiir. 

Fiddlefaddle, wahiyat, hazliyat,harza-kar. 

Fiddler, sarangiya, sitar-baz. 

Fiddlestick, kamancha, mizrab. 

FiDELiTY,ImandarI,namakhalalT,wafa,rastI. 

To Fidget, tana-bana k., kulbulana, 1601. 

FiDGETTiNG, chulbula, {subst.) talauwun. 

Fidgetty {restless) person, hagasi battakh. 

Fief, jagir, zamindari, suyfirghal, altamgha. 

Field, khet, maidan, kat'a, {of battle) 
razmgah, khet, maidan, ma'raka : — or 
ground of a picture, zamin, bhum : a small 

— of sown ground, {dakh.) mart: — sown 
or prepared for sowing, mazra" : — book, 
khasra : — piece, {small cannon) rahkala : 
to be slain in the — , kam iina : to remain 
on the — of battle, khet men rahna. 

Fiend, rachbas, pret, bhiit, bhutna, shaitan. 

Fierce, daranda, tund, gharan,d«rusht, jald. 

Fierceness, tundi,khushunat,durushti,jaldi 

FiERiNESS, garmi, hararat, tezi, tundl, 814. 

FiERY,garm, atashi, tez, hadd, nfiri. {as pep- 
per) chirpira : — tempered, shu'la-khii. 

Fife, bansri, murli, alghuza, nai, ben, na'e. 

Fifteen, pandrah, {dakh.) pandra. 

Fifteenth, pandrahwiin, pandrahan, 554, 
panchadas: — dayoflhemoon,y):m(hii\iwm. 

Fifth, panchwiiii, panjum, pancham : — 
day of the moon, panchwiii, panchami. 

Fifty, pachas, panjah : — one, ikiiwan, 
{dakh.) yakawan : — two, bawan : — 
three, tirpan : — four, chauwan, {dakh.) 
chaupan : — five, pachpan, panchawan ; 

— six, chhappan : — seven, sattawan : — 
eight, athiiwan : — Jii'ne, unsath. 

Fig, anjir : — tree, {Indian or Bengal) bat, 
bar, bar, wata, bhandir : holy — tree, pl- 
pal, aswattha : waved-leaf Indian — tree, 
pakaf : a wild — , gular. 

Fight, lara'i, Jang, muharaba, judh, razm. 

To Fight, larna, lara'i*., {as cocks) jha- 
rapnii : {v. a. make fight) lariina, {cocks) 
jharpana : — paper kites, pechlena: • — 
with swords, loha bajhana. 

Fighter, larwaiya, jang-fiwar, nmhSrib. 



FIN 

Fighting, (arf;.) larwaiya, muharib, (subsl.) 
jadal, lara'i: — with Ani«c*,chhura-chhuri. 

Figurative, majazi, tamslll, istilal.ii, 1 190. 

FiGURATivKNESs, rangM. 

FiGHRATivELY, inajazan. 

Figure, (form, q. v.) surat, shakl, rup, 
hai'at, mfirat, chhab, {show) numa'ish, na- 
miid, shaukat, {statue) ta?wir, naksha, 
{painting) nakkashi, chitr, (horoscope) 
za'icha, (»«»!4er) ank, rakam, adad : — 
of speech, ibilrat, muliawara. 

To Figure, (form) surat banana, naksha 
i., (carve) munakkash i., (shew) dikhla- 
na, tamsll lana, (imagine) tasauwur k. 

Figures, (arithmetic) handasa. 

Filament, sut, resha, ans. 

FiLARiA medinensis, jalsut, naharu'a. 

Filbert, finduk. To Filch, musna, 819. 

FiLCHER, chor, chotta, duzd. 

File, (of soldiers) saff, katar, pant, (cata- 
logue, roll) ism-nawlsl, (the instrument) 
retl, sohan. To File, retna, lios. 

Filer, Fileman, retii'a. 

Filial, farzandl, pisarl, sapfitl. 

Price paid for Filing, reta'I. 

Filings, burada, chur, tutan, chakna-chur, 
ret, 1334, (of iron) lohchun, lohchur, kha- 
rasha, 1800: gold or silver — , rawa. 

Fill, pet-bhar, sen, bharti. To Fill, bhar- 
na, bhart/., patna, pur A., (satisfy) ser^'., 
chhakana: — a paper with writing, chit- 
harna : — a vessel till it run over, ubhra- 
na: — a well, &fc., antna: — up, chhopna. 

Filled, bhara-pura, puran, thasa-tbas, 1 854, 
(dakh.) Hjharya : to be — , bharna, bhar- 
-jana, atna, 189, pujna, pfirna. 

Fillet, patti, lapet, dori, (for the hair) 
mubaf, (for the head or a wound) zamad. 

Filling, (subst.) imlii, bhariiwat, bharti. 

Fillip, takora, thokra : to — , thonkna. 

Filly, bachheri. Film, jhilll, jiila, 1826. 

Filter, safT, chhanna : to — , chhanna, 911. 

Filth, mail, chirk, ala'ish, rungbat, gand. 

Filthiness, ghalazat, najasat, na-paki. 

Filthy, na-pak, tnaila, najis, ghalTz. chikat. 

To Filtrate, (v. n.) sljna, (v. a.) chhanna. 

Fin, par, bazu, pankh, bal. 

Final, akhiri, akhir. akhir. pichhla, 1373. 

Finally, akhir, akhiru-1-amr, akhirash. pas. 

Finance, mal-guzarT,khiraj, amad, mahasil. 

Intendant of the Finances, fimil. 

To Find, pana, (acquire) hasil k., pana, 
paidfi k., (supply) pahuncbana, khabar- 
girl k., (determine) thahrana, (observe) 
dekhna : — out, daryaft k. , nikalna, kboj 
nikalna, ma'lum k. : — the road which 
had been lost, rah par ana. 

Finding, yabanda. Finding out, 1041. 

Fine, (adj. subtile) b.^rik, mihin, (showg) 
jiladar, (pure) saf, khara, (soft) mula'im, 



FIR 

narm, (thin) patla, (minute) rakik, (ele- 
i/ari/) latTf,nazuk, (excellent) khassa.nafis. 

Fine, (subst.) tawan, (land, jarlinana : to 
pay a — , dand bharna : to take a — , 
dand lena. 

In Fine, gharaz, alkissa, kissa kotah. 

To Fine, (purify) mail chhantna, saf*., 
(punish) dandna, tawan baudhna. 

Finely, khiibi se, nafasat se, chalaki se. 

Fineness, bariki, (elegance) latafat, naza- 
kat, (purity) §aE'J, piikizagi, (showiness) 
raunak, namudari, zark-bark, (thinness) 
patla'i, (minuteness) rikkat. 

Finery, bana'o, iira'ish, singar, zeb-zTnat. 

Finesse, hila, fitrat, makr, dhokha. 

Finger, ungal, ungll, angusht : little — , 
chliingull, kanislitha ; middle — , bich ki 
ungll : ring — , (dakh.) shahadat kl angll : 
mark between the joints of the — ,jau,jawa. 

To Finger, tatolna, chhiina, chherna, (to 
steal, q. v.) churana, musna. 

Finger's breadth, ungal, '218, (dakh.) bot. 

Fingers, tips of /be Fingers, aimmil. 

Finical, chliulohla,rindola,khiish-poshakI(.' 

FiNis.khatima.tamami.akhir. Finish, 1308. 

To Finish, akhir k. , tamam *., niberna: 
see To Polish : — and cease from, 
faraghat k. 

Finished, samapt, tamam shud, taiyar, 359. 

roieFiNisHED,chukna,tamamA.,hochukna. 

Finisher, niberu,nibha'u,tamam-karnewala 

Finishing, (subst.) ikhtitam. takmll, raf, 
2040, (part.) pardaz : — and ceasing 
/rom.faraghat. Finite, mahdud,mutanahi. 

Fir, sanaubar. 

Fire, ag, agin, atash, nar, anal, (conflagra- 
tion) agwahi, (flame) shu'la, anch, bhab- 
hiika, (spirit) jan, jakli, phurt, jan-bazi : 

— lighted by a Hindii fakir, S^-c, dhuni : 

— that breaks out in woods, dawar : re- 
gion of — , kura-i-iitash : to set — to, 
jbonk d. : worship of — , atash-parasti ; 
worshipper of — , atash-parast. 

To Fire, (make burn) jaliina, ag lagana : 
• — at a mark, chand marna : — off a 
gun, Sfc., daghna, chalana, chatkana. 

To rain Fire, ag barasna. 

To be Fired off, daghna. 

Firebrand, lukat, Hkti, sokhta, ulmuk. 

Fire-engine, dara-kala. Fire-fly, jugnii. 

Firelock, bandiik, cbakmakT, 483 : a ser- 
vant who carries a ■ — , khass-bardar. 

Firepan, (of a musket) piyala, raujak-dan. 

Fire-place, chidha, atash-dan, deg-dan. 

Firewood, hezam, jalawan, Indhan, hlma. 

Fireworks, atash-bazT : kind of — , anar, 
bhuchampa.bhii'in-champa, phuljharl, ju- 
hi, jhar, charkhT. balka, da'udi, dlpak, 
sitara, mahtabi : maker, Sfc, of — , atash- 
baz, mir-i-atash : sound of — , chihikna. 

7 T 



FIX 



2301 



Firm, ustuwar, pa'edar, subut, paurha, maz- 
bfif, mul.ikam, sakht. thos : — ground, 
asthal, thai. 

Firmament, asman, charkh-i-dawwar. 

Firmly, muhkam, mazbiiti se, yaklnan. 

Firmness, sakhti, ustuwarl, paurhii'I, ru- 
sikh, salabat, istihkam, pa'edarl : — of 
mind, dharas. 

First, pahla, awwal, agla . nukhust.pratham . 
(adv.) pahle, (dakh.) paile, pahleii : — age 
of the world, krit, krita, sat-jug: — day of 
the month Chait, dhulendi : — day of the 
moon, ghurra : — or last, kabhl-na-ka- 
bhi : — part, mukaddama : — place or 
seat in an assembly, sadr : at — , in the 

— place, pahle, nukhust, awwalan, adau : 

— bom, palautha, jeth, paldauntha. 
Firstly, pahle, awwalan, pahleii, ibtida'an. 
Fish, machhll, machchhl, mabi, hut: sort 

of — , rohii, tengra, bhangna, gentha, gho- 
la, singT, maguri, hilsa, tapassi, tapassT- 
-machhll : — on which the earth is sup- 
posed to rest, samak, mahl : — bone, kan- 
ta : dried — , sukti. 

F1SHER.MAN, machhwa, mahl-glr, saiyad. 

Fish-hook, bansi, kfinta, katiya, shast. 

Fish-meal, machhll-khana, mahi-khori. 

Fishing line, (used without a rod) chau- 
-taggi, 1795 : — raft, (dakh.) katmaram: 

— rod, chhTp, (dakh.) chhar : to draw up 
the rod in — , chbTpna. 

Fishmonger, mahl-farosh, machhwa. 

Fissure, chak, dariir, shakk, shigaf, tarak. 

Fist, mutthi, musht, muth, muka, 1757 : 
bloiv of the — , muth, (dakh.) baghorda. 

Tofightwith Me Fists, (rffliA.)ghunse larna. 

Fisticuffs, dhenga-mushtl, ghiisam-ghusa. 

Fistula, nasiir, nali : — in ano, bhagandar. 

Fit, (0/ fever) naubat, charha'o, ghalaba, 
(fainting or epileptic) bimarl kl charhtl. 

Fit, (adj.) thik, la'ik, munasib, baja, du- 
rust, muwafik, joga, sazawar, wajib, 15- 
zim, shayasta : as i^ — , kama yambaghi. 

To Fit, (v. n.) milna, jamakna, thik ana, 
(beflt) phabna, sajna, sajna, (v. a.) thik k. 

FiTCHAT, newal, biji, rasfi. 

FiTLY.thik-thfik, kama yambaghi, liyakatse. 

Fitness, liyiikat, shayastagi, durustl, jogta. 

Fitting, (adj.) mustaujib : — well, (as 
clothes) chusta. 

Five, panch, panch, panj, 995, 1682: — 
hundred, pansau : consisting of — , be- 
longing to — , khnmasi : duty of — per 
cent, on merchandise, pachotara : of — 
parts or divisions, (a house) pachkhana : 
of — stories, (a fiouse) pach-mahalla : of 

— strings, (a necklace) pach-lara : of — 
years, panch-barsi. 

To Fix, (v. a.) garna, karar d., tikana, jar- 
na, nasb k., lagana, (settle) thahrana, 



2302 



FLA 



baithalna, mukarrnr *,. (stop) rokna, (v.n. 
to be fixed) lagna, garna, thaharna, tharh- 
na, thamii, {beadjmted) chukna : — a bayo- 
net, charhana : — on, thahrana : — the 
eyes on, ghurna : — the price of, chuka- 
na : — the mind upon, man lana. 

Fixed, thir, mazbut, ka'im, mustahkam, 
{ascertained) musha khkh as. mukarrar : — 
in the memory or mind, khatir-nisbin, 
zihn-nish!n : — on, maukuf. 

Fixedness, kiyam, subut, istihkam. 

Fixing, {siibst.) nasb, lag, {adj.) nasib. 

FixTL-RE, FixuRE,thabra'o, istihkam, (/«r- 
Hi'^Mre) gbarmenjarehii'easbabolawazima. 

Fizgig, tenta. Flabbiness, pilpilaliat. 

Flabby, pilpila, phasphasa, dblla, 490, 404. 

Flaccid, pilpila, pvdpvUa, phasphasa. 

Flacciditv, dhilapan, pUpilahat, narmi. 

Flacourtia catafracta, {dakh.) talas-pa- 
'" (?)' {fruit) paniyala: — sepiaria, 
{fruit : daih.) jhata karonda. 

Flag, {ensign) nishan, jhanda, dhajii, ala- 
ma, {plant) hugla, {stone) chatan. 

To Flag, {fade) murjhana, pazhmurda A., 
{become weai)za.'i{h., na-tawan h., {pave) 
farsh-i-sang banana. 

Flagelet, alghiiza, shahna'i, na'e. 

Flagellation, chabuk-zani, shalak. 

Flagitious, ashair, mahapapi, zabiin. 

Flagon, surahi, karaba, kiiza, gulabl. 

Flagrant, shadid, sakht, masbhiir. 

Flagstaff, chhar, bans. Flail, sant. 

Flake, gala, gachchha, {layer) tab, tabak, 
parat, {especially offish) khandla. 

Flambeau, mash'al, damar, falita. 

Flame, {blaze) bhabbuka,jwala, shu'la, sTs, 
{ardent love) ishk, {rage) ghussa, ghazab, 
{ardour) garmi, sozish : — colour, sbam'i 
rang : — coloured, bimbuk : ■ — of a can- 
dle or lamp, tem, jot, zabana, lau : — of 
afire, anch : to rise up into a — , lahakna. 

To Flame, sliu'la uthna, dhadhakna. 

To be all in Flames, jhar barnii. 

Flamisg, mushta'il, 33. Flamingo, 1150. 

Flank, kokh, kokha, ank, {of an army) 
pahlQ, kamar, bazii : to attack an army 
in — , kamar mama. 

Flannel, lo'I, 1095, ek kism ka iinT kapra. 

FLAP,(pa<)thap,jhata.s,(q/"ayar7MTO<)daman. 

Tu Flap, jhalna, jhfirna . — the wings, 576. 

To Flare, chamakna, jhalakna, damakna. 

Flash, lahak, bharak, {of lightning) lapak. 

To Flash, chamakna, lahakna, {aslightning) 
kaundhTifi : — in the pan, ranjak ufna. 

Flashing, {subat.) lahkawat, {part.) 1034. 

Flashy, {gaudy) bharkfla, rangila: phikfi. 

Flask, sabzl, ?ural.iT,karura, {powder horn) 
9ingra,bariit-dan,(o//ca/Aer)kuppa,kuppT. 

Flat, (arf;.)3at.hif hamwar, barabar,(ia«!/^irf) 
phlka, be-raaza , {dejected) afsurda, udas, 



FLI 

{positive) saf, yakin, {as sound) bharl, 
{subst.) maidan, musattah, {broad boat) 
chauri kishti, {shoal) char, payab, {in 
music) musTki men sur ka ek nishan : 
— roof, sath. 

Flatly, (e!)en/y)hamwarl se,{downright)skf. 

Flatness, hamwari, nicha'i, bemazagi. 

To Flatten, chaptana,hamwar k., {dispirit) 
udSs k. , afsurda k. , {become vapid) utarna. 

Flattened, chapta : to be — , chapatna. 

To Flatter, chaplusi k., {coax) phuslana, 
{raise false hopes) jhuthi ummed barhana. 

Flatterer, chaplus, khushamadi, jhaiisii. 

Flattering, charb-zaban,(s!<is<.)lallo-patto 

Flattery, chapliisT, khushamadi, 584, 68g. 

FLATnLENCE,FLATnLENCY,ba';,rih,nafkh. 

Flatulent, bad!, rihi, bayala, hawa-pur. 

Flavour, maza, chashnI,sawaU, lazzat,(/ra- 
grance) khush-bo, sugandh : of high — , 
high flavoured, swadak, khiish-za'ika. 

Flaw, daiz,phiit, shigaf, darar, {in glass, &(c.) 
'hi\,{in a jewel) jane'ii, (ds/ec<) aib, kusur. 

5lax, atasi, tlsi, san. 

To Flay, chamra udherna, khal khainchna. 

Flayer, pos-kan. FLEA,pissu, pihii, kaik. 

Seedo/FLEAWORT or plantain, ispaghol. 

Fleabitten, {colour of a horse) magasi. 

Fleam, nashtar. To Flecker, chhitki d. 

Fledge, urak. JVew/y Fledged, nau-par. 

To Flee, bhagna, firar A., gurez*., palana : 
—from the battle, khet chhorna. 

Let us Flee to God, na'uzu bi-Uahi. 

Fleece, iin, pashm, mesh ki pashm : to — , 
mesh ki pashm tarashna, {plunder) lutna. 

Fleeing, (st(Ji<.) nufur, {adj.) gurez-pa, gu- 
rezan : — for protection, iltija: — to God 
for protection, auz, ta'wiz : —from, {adj.) 
nafur, rautanaffir. 

FLEET,(ya4«<.)bahr,(a4;'-)tez,chaak,jaldbaz. 

Fleeting, {adj.) arm, ajil, chand-roza. 

Fleetness, chalaki, jaldi, tezi, chusti. 

Flesh, mans, gosht, amish, lahm, {pulp) 
guda. : human — , mahamans : to eat — , 
matti khana. 

Fleshiness, jasamat, motapa, faibihi. 

Fleshly, nafsani, jismauT, badani. 

Fleshy, mota, jasim, pur-gosht, farbih. 

Flexibi litv , chimra'I, damdari, mulayamat. 

Flexible, chimra, lachila, damdar, narm. 

Flexion, Flexure, maror.lachka'o. khami. 

Flight, {of birds) uran, parwiiz, fayaran, 
{from danger) firar, gurez, bhagar, (a 
flock of birds) jhund, ghol : — of an 
arrow, partab : — of rooms, klian : — of 
steps, pair! : put to — , munhazini ; taken 
to — , ram-khur : to put to — , bhagana, 
kharkana, {dakh.) nhatana. 

Flighty, achpala, har-dam-khaya1i,wahmi. 

Flimsy, patla, jhirjhira, paji, kamzor, narm. 

To Flinch, hatna, tahia, khisana, sarakna. 



FLO 

FLiNG,phenk,andakht,(jf!4e)nok-chok,ramz. 

7bFLiNG,phenkna,dalna,(sca//er)chhitkriiia. 

FLiNT,sang-i-khara,chakraak: jrim — ,patthri 

Flippant, turtura, tartariya, jald-go. 

Flirt, {girl) aiyari larki, ((?a*A.)laund-baz. 

To Flit, idhar-udhar phirna, jald urna. 

Flitch, sii'arki panjarkanamak-aliidagosht. 

Float, {raft) bera, katmiram, {of fishing 
line, i|-c.) tirendii, {of pots) gharna'T. 

To Float, bhasna, tairna, bahna, (».a.) 386. 

Flock, galla, juth, gau, {dakh.) hatti, hin- 
dara, tanda, {of birds) jhund, jhank, {of 
cattle)har, haliya, (rfai/i.)manda,mandan, 
{of deer) jarga, {of goats or sheep) lendha, 
{of cotton) pahal, {wet with atr, i,-c.) 
phaha, {of wool) gala. 

To Flock, jam' h., ektha A., baturna (?). 

To FL0G,chabuk marna, kore marna, saza d. 

Flogging, {subst.) shalak. 

Flood, sail, barh,ahla, tufan : — tide, jawar. 

To Flood, dubona, sailab i.,borna, ghark k. 

Floodgate, khurab. nalka. 

Flooding, gharki. 

Floor, zamin, gach, {story) kotha, manzit. 

To Floor, takhta-bandi k., gach k. 

Flooring, takhta-bandi. 

Florid, surkh,lal,suha, lalrangdar, gul-fam. 

Floridness, surkhi, rangini, nazarat, lali. 

Florist, gulchin, mail. Flounce, sanjaf. 

roFLOUNCE,tarapna,lotna. Flouncing, 631. 

To Flounder, chhatpatana. 

Floundering, {adj.) ghaUan-pechan. 

Flour, ata, ard, pisan, maida, dakik, chaus, 
chun, {ground coarse) suji, {made from 
the fruit of the ber, R/iamnusjujuba)hW- 
chan : dry — laid under bread, Sfc. , pale- 
than : the act of selling — , parchuni. 

Flourish, {as of a sword) chamkahat, {pa- 
rade of words) kalla-zani : to — , {v. n.) 
panapna, taza A., lahlahanii, dahdahana, 
{v. a. brandish) chamkana. 

Flourishi.vg, (a(??.)dahdaha, lahlaha, sabz. 

To Flout, chherna, ta'ne ke sath malamat k. 

Flow, baha'o, idrar, tarrara, prabah, {abund- 
ance) ifriit, kasrat: to — , bahna, jarl A., 
{as the tide) jawar ana, {melt) pighalna, 
gudiiz A. , {proceed) nikalna. 

Flower, phul, gul, suman, pushp, {prime) 
bahar, joban, {essence) khulasa : — bed, 
chaman, khiyaban, philban : — garden, 
phulivari, bostan, gulistan : — gatherer, 
gul-chin : — of youth, nau-jawani, linfu- 
wan : names of some flowers of particular 
kinds, do-pahriya, ra'e-bel, ratan-milla, 
sada-suhagan, sugand-ra'e, son, ?ad-barg, 
abbasl,ishk-pecha,kath-bela,kalga,kaner, 
kawwa-thenthi, ko'I, ke'ofa, gul-ashrafi, 
gul-i-aurang, gul-i-chandnT, gul-i-da'iidi, 
1,'ul-i-sliabbo, gul-i-aj5'ib, gul-i-farang, 
guUkesh, gul-i-makhmal. gul-mihndi, 



FOE 

madan-ban, motiya, mogra, nagesar: dou- 
ble — , liazara : see Fi.ouB. 

To Flower, phulna, khilna, shugufta h. 

Flowered doth, bute-dar, phulkari. 

Flowering on cloths, Ifc, kata'o, gulkarl. 

Flower-pot, chager, changer,garwa(i704). 

Flowers, zawahir, see Menses: — om cloth 
or muslin, but:, bel-buta : mode of work- 
ing — on muslin, Sfc, chikan: painting 0/ 
— , gul-karl : to work — on e/o<A,karhna. 

Flowery, rangin, gulzar, purgul. 

Flowing, {adj.) jarl, rawan, («m/«<.) jiryan. 

Flown, (as a liird) parlda. 

To Fluctuate, lahrana, hilkorna, ghatna 
barhna. Fluctuating, muzabzib. 

FLUCTUATioN,tamawwuj,hilkor,(jns<ad!7!Yy) 
bekararl, utar-charha'o. 

Fluency, zaban-awarl, tarrari, fasahat. 

Fluent, {flowing) jari, {eloquent) lassan. 

Fluently, be-atak, be-laga'o, lassaniyat se. 

FLUiD,sa'il,saiyal,(«j<A«<.)pani,babQe ki chTz. 

Fluidity, baha'o, saiyali. 

Flummery, f^liida. 

Fluor albiis, paisut, jiryan-i-ab : to be 
afflicted with — ■, panl-chalna. 

Flurry, chatpatahat, harbari. 

Flush, jhalak. To Flush, tamtamana, 
nagahan surkb-ru h. 

Flute, bansri, biinsll, murlT, nai, algboza. 

FuTTE^tayer.nayl. FLUTiNGSo/'a^8'War,nab. 

Flutter, FLUTTERiNG,pharak,tarpari,656. 

To Flutter, pliarjibarana, phahrana,( Je agi- 
tated) tarapua, tarpharana, talapna, 858. 

Flutterer, pharphariya. 

Flutterin*;, {adj.) fapida. 

Flux,(/o«>) baha'o, sail, jiryan,(rfysra<cry) 
is'hal, jiryan-i-shikam : — and reflux of 
the sea, madd-o-jazr : immoderate — of 
the menses, istihaza : to have a — , pet 
chalna or chbutnil. 

To Ae Fluxed, ponkna, pet jari h. 

FLUXiON,balia'o,(!)imaW(.)dakTkobarikliisab 

FLY,makkhT,magas,topra: — flapper, chdiVin- 
ri, magas-ran: — of a tent, kalandara. 

To Fly, {v. n.) urna, {or, dakh.) urna, 
parwaz k., {as a_;?ajf) pbarrana, phahrana, 
{flee) bliagna: — at, jhapatna, hamla k. : 
— awag, ram *. , {v. a. cause toflg) urana, 
{let flg) phenkna, chhorna : — a paper 
kite, patang urana : to prepare — ,{a bird) 
kunda jharna. 

Flying, (arf;.)P^''a"'l,fa'ir,(sJiis<.)uran,tair. 

FoAL,bachhera,bachherT, {twoyearold) dok. 

To Foal, bachhera byiina, bacliberi janna. 

Foam, phen, kaf, jhag: to — , phainana. 

Fob, {watch-pocket) gharl kl jeb. 

Focus, {of a burning glass, dakh.) tipka. 

Fodder, ghas, chara, nyar : to — , khilana. 

Foe, dushman,gbanim,harif,bairi, mukbalif. 

Foetus, janin, bhrun, natija : membrane in- 



FOO 

folding a — , jhillf, jer, kherhi, narbiwar. 

Fog, kuhra, kubasa, kuhra, megh, bukhar. 

Fogginess, dhundhar. Foggy, dhundbla. 

FoH ! tauba-tauba, chbl, chhi-cbhi. 

FoiRLE, aib, khata, kusur, nuk§an. 

Foil, {under precious stones, S(c.) dank, 
{for fencing) pata, gadka, gupti, {defeat) 
shikast. To Foil, harana, hatana. 

To Foist, ghuserna. 

Fold, {for sheep, Sfc.) gonda, bathan (?), 
{pig) tab, parat, lapet, {plait) chin, shi- 
kan, {of a door) kewar, palla, pat, bazu, 
{of a rope) jiech, {in compos.) chand, tah. 

To Fold, lapetna, tahana, tah *., darj k., 
{in the arms) 832, 8;8 : see To Embrace. 

Folded, mutabbak, {as clothes) gharl, 1777. 

Abundance of Foliage, jhiim : with t/iick 
handsome — , (a tree) jhandida. 

Folk, log, lok, admi : see People. 

To Follow, pTchhe^'., pichhe lagna, {pur- 
sue) pichha k., {imitate) pairawi k., {obey) 
manna, itfi'at A., {be occupied in) mash- 
ghul h., karna, (as a consequence) natija h. 

Followed, muktadil. Follower, pas-rau, 
pai-rau, {dependant) tabi'dar, muta'illik, 
{disciple) chela, murld, shagird, {imita- 
tor) muktadi, mutatabbi*. 

Followers, tabi'fn, lawiibik, tawabi'. 

Following, {subst.) pas-rawl, pichha, {imi- 
tating) pairawi, 631, {adj.) tabi',dusra. 

Folly, miirakhta, hamakat, abmakapan, be- 
wukufT, nadani : youthful — , shah-zadl. 

To Foment, sedna, takorna, senkna : — 
quarrels, ishti'alak d. , Ijawa d. , lesna, 151. 

Fond, sha'ik, asakt, ma'il, 872 : — of ar- 
gument, takr&n: — of money, zar-dost : 
— of walking or going about, sailani ; to 
be — of, chahna, piyiir k. 

To Fondle, piyiir k., kbatir k., dular k. 

Fondling, naz, larla : — and toying, 848. 

Fondness, shank, chomp, pyar, asakti. 

Font, istibagh dene ka zarf or hauz, {types) 
chhapne ke huruf wa rakam. 

Food, khiina, kiit, ghiza, bhojan, khurak. 
ta'am, ahar ; — consecrated to the Deity, 
naibed : — of birds, choga : — of cattle, 
chara, nyar. 

Fool, ahmak, murakh, gawdi, maskliara. 

To make a Fool of, kfm kiitna. To Fool, 
makkhi marna. Foolery, behudagi. 

FooLHARDiNESS, tahawwur, belihazl. 

Foolish, miirakh, bewukQf, {imprudent) 
be-tadb!r, {absurd) behiida, puch : — 
fellow, lachar : — prating fellow, yawa- 
-go. Foolishly, abmakana. 

Foolishness, bewukiifT, nadani, himakat. 

Foot, panw, pa, pag, pad, pair, {of a table, 
chair, &,-c.) paya, {of a bed) panyati, pa'- 
inti, {of a mountain) jarr, daman, haziz, 
{of a verse) rukn, juz, pad, {measure) ba- 



FOR 



2303 



rah inch kl nap, dhap, hiith (.') : on — , 
pa-piyada, paidal, {transacting) barpa, rii- 
bakar : to be on — , dar-pesli A, .- to set 
On — , barpii k. : to be set on — , barpfi h. 

Foot- BAND, fawlla. Footman, piyada, 
paidal, ham-kadam : running — , hurkara. 

Footpad, batpiir, rahzan, 588, thag. 

FooTPATH,pag-dandr.FooT-SOLDiER, piyada 

Foot-stalk, danthal. Footstep, kadam, pad. 

In the Footstep, dar-pai. 

Footstool, mondha. 

Fop, albela, banka, chhaila, akar-baz, 147. 

Foppery, Foppishness, albelpana. 

Foppish, banka, ochha, chhichhora. 

Fob, bara'e, liye, waste, miire, ko, kon, kiin, 
ta'in : — the most part, beshtar, aksar : — 
this reason, li-haza, is waste : — instance, 
chunanchi. 

Forage, alaf, chara, char, sidha, kahl. 

The man who cuts FoRAGEfor cattle, char- 
-katii. Foraging party, kaliT. 

To Forbear, {abstain) baz rahna, dar-gu- 
zarna, chhorna, {delay) rah j., {desist) 
dast-bardar h., {intermit) nagha k. 

Forbearance, ihtiraz, parhez, tahammul. 

To Forbid, man" k., barajna, miini" h., 
barna, baz rakhna: — by signs, jibh katna. 

Forbidden, liaram, manhi, mamnu", mum- 
tana": • — acfe, baram-karl: — things, 1220. 

FoRBiDDER, mani". Forbidding, {adj.) 
karih, makriih, zisht, {subst.) man", nafi. 

Force, {strength) zor, bal, kuwat, {violence) 
jabr, sakhti, shiddat, {efficacy) tiisir, {sta- 
bility) ustuwiiri, mazbuti, {compulsion) 
zabardasti, {armament) larii'i ke liye aras- 
ta kl ga'i fauj : — and fraud, chhal-bal : 
to be in — , jari h. : to do a thing by — 
or unwillingly, zahr-i-mar k. 

By Force, zor se, ba-zor. To Force, 
{compel) zor se karana, zabardasti k., {im- 
pel) chalana, {ravish) zor se kharab k., 
{storm) halla k. : — in, paithalna, ghus- 
ana, ghuserna, melna. 

Forced, majbur : — to work, begar, sukhra. 

Forceps, cbimta, zambiir, sangsT, gahwa. 

Forcible, shadid, mazbut, kawl, zorawar. 

Forcibly, zor se, ba-zor, zulm se, jabran. 

Ford, p.^yab, guzargah, thah, ghat, ma*bar. 

Fordable, p.iyab, uthla. 

Fordableness, thahi. 

Fore, aglii, pesh, peshin, pahla, age. 

To Forebode, pesh-go'l k., age se janna. 

Forecast, dur-andeshi, pesh-bandl, tadblr. 

To Forecast, pesh-bandl k., age tadbir k. 

Forecastle, galahi, {Roeb.) phana, agal 
fana: — man, galhaiya,(K«e4.)phane-wala. 

Forefather, purkha, jadd, buzurg. 

To Foreeend, rokna, man' k., biiz rakhna. 

Forefinger, angusht-i-shahadat, sabbaba. 

To Forego, chhorna, tark *., dast-bardar h. 



2304 



FOR 



FOR 



FoREGOiN'G,sabik.FoREHAND(o/aAorse)6o7 

Forehead, matha, peshiim, jabha, sima, 
jabin, bhal : ringing or throbbing of the 
— , 1816 : rubbing the — on the ground, 
jabha-sa'i, jabiu-sa'i. 

FoREi»N,bahirI,bidesI, ajnabi, begana, upri, 
par-desT, {strange) paraya, birana : — 
country, par-des, par-mulk, bides, wila- 
yat : in a — land, gb aribu-l-watan. 

FoREiGSER,pardesi, ajnabi, wilayati, bahiri. 

FoREiGNNESs, gharibl, ajnabiyat, beganagl. 

roFoREKNOW.agesejanna.pahlesema'lfimi 

Foreknowledge, ilm-i-gbaib. 

Forelock, nasiya. 

FoREMAN',peshkar,mTr,(o/'a^'Mry)mTr-majlis 

Foremextioxed, mazkur, mastur, mazbur. 

Foremost, agwa, agla, pahla, bara, sadr. 

FoREN AMED, mazkur: see FOREMENTIONED. 

Forenoon, sakal, chasht, awwal-i-dopahar. 
Forepart, aga, agwara, agla hissa, agla wakt. 
Fore-quarter, agla tuki-a. 
To Forerun, age_;'., age daurna. 
Forerunner, pesh-rau, agwa, dalll. 
To Foresee, age se sujhna, age se dekhna. 
Foreseeing, dur-andesh, mansuba-baz. 
Foresight, durandesbl, peshbini : want- 
ing — , kotah-andesh. 
Foreskin, khali-I. Foreskirt, balabar. 
Forest, jangal, dasht, ban, kanan, jhari, 

besha, atvi, badiya : — leaves, banaspatti. 
Forester, banbasi, {officer) jangal ka amin. 
To Foretell, agam bandhna, agesejatana. 
FoRETELLER,agambaktaFoRETELLiNG, 1 263 
Forethought, pesh-blnl, fikibat-andesbi. 
Forfeit, (land, jarlm&na, guuahgari : — or 

retaliation/or murder, khun-baba. 
To Forfeit, tawau d., {to be confiscated) 

zabt h. : — friendship, bigar A: 
Forfeiture, jaiimana, zabtl. 
To Forge, {metals) pltke garhna, banana, 

{counterfeit) taghallubi k., libas k., jal k. 
Forged, {counterfeit) taklidi, libasl, ja'li. 
FoRCiERY, taghallub, ja'l, libas, ja'lsazi. 
To Forget, bhidna, bisarna, bisarna, fara- 

mosli i. .• — one's sorrow, 1 055 : to came 

— , bisrana, bbulana. 
Forgetful, faramoshgar, gliiifil, ghabi, za- 

liil, nasyan : — of one's promise, wa'da- 

-faramosh. 
FoRGETFULNESS, bhul, faramoshi, ghaflat. 
To Forgive, mu'&f i., afu k., chhorna. 
Forgiven, mu'Sf. Forgiveness, afu, 296. 
FoROiVER, baklishanda. Forgiving, 1473. 
Forgotten, faramosh, bbida hQ'a : to be 

— . 334. 4'8. Fork, kanta. 
Forlorn, be-kas, ISchar, nachar, landfira, 

udas : — hope, tulfiwa. 
Forlornnf.ss, lucbari, lacharagT, udiisi. 
Form, {shape) ?urat, shakl, hai'at, dliab, 

{manner) waif", taur, t,arat)i usliib, daul, 



{model) naksha, namiina, {order) tartlb, 
{ceremony) rasm, dastiir, takalluf, {ap- 
pearance) num&'hh, (»!OKW)kalib,sancha, 
kalbud, {class) kism, {bench) ek kism ki 
chauki : for Form's sake, kahne sunne ke 
waste. 
To Form, banana, paida k., karna, {mal- 
leate) garhna, {cast) dhalna, {plan) nak- 
sha bandhna, khainchna, {arrange) tai- 
yiir *. , arasta k., murattab k. : — a circle, 
da'ira khainchna. 

Without Form, {the Deity) nirankfir, nirup. 

Formal, kanuni, chalni. 

Formality, sanjidagl. 

Formation, banawat, sakbt, tarkib, 1 167. 

Formed, musawwar, sakhta, makhluk. 

Former, {adj.) sabik, agla, peshln, awwal : 
(»Mis<.)karta,banane-wala: — times,s3\si. 

Formerly, age, peshtar, sabik : as — , 162. 

Formidable, bhayanak, muhib, darawna. 

FoRNiCATioN,zina,chhinala : yrz'ceq/'— ,384. 

Fornicator, chhinala, zani, randl-baz. 

Fornicatress, f^jira, f^sika, fahisha. 

To Forsake, tark k., tyagna, chhorna. 

Forsaken, matruk. Forsaker, tyagi. 

Forsooth, han, fi-I-haklkat, mukarrar. 

To Forswear, kasam par tark k., 952. 

Fort, hisar, kal'a, kot, durg, gadh, garb. 

Forth, age, samne, bahar, {prepos.) pra- : 
and so — , ghair zalik, wa ghaira. 

Forthwith, abhi, jald, isl wakt, fi-l-hal. 

Fortieth, challswan, chiblum : — year of 
an era, chalTsa. Fortification, {art of) 
kil'a-bandl ka fann : see Fort. 

Fortified, hasiil, muhafaz ; — place, i860. 

To Fortify, mustahkim k., mazbiit k. 

Fortitude, muruwat, jur'at, utsah, istiklal. 

Fortnight, pakh, pachb, do-hafta, adha 
tnalilna, {dakh.) pandarwara : — of the 
moon's wane, krislm-pachh. 

Fortress, hisar, kal'a, garb, durg, kot. 

Fortuitous, ittifaki, arizi, nagahani. 

Fortunate, nek-bakht. bakht-yar, khiish- 
-nasib, tali'mand, subh, nek, nek-akhtar, 
humayiin, bhagwan : may it be — , muba- 
rak bad : to be — , nasib jagna, phalna. 

Fortune, {luck) bakbt, nasib, kismat, bhiig, 
tali", {prosperity) ikbal, sa'adat, {wealth) 
daulat, mill, {dower) jahez, daija ; adverse 
or bad — , siyah-rozl, bad-bakhti : good 
— , bakht-yarl, hazz, khush-akhtarl, tiili"- 
mandi : to have a favourable turn of — , 
kap.'il khulna. 

Fortune-teller, samudriki, rammal, nu- 
juml. Fortune-telling, samudiik. 

Forty, chiilis, chihil, arba'im: — one, ik- 
tiilis, {dakh.) yaktiills : — two, be'iins : 
— three, tetalis, ((/a*A.) tirtiilis: —four, 
chawalis, {dakh.) chautalls : — Jive, pain- 
talis: — six, chhiyiilis, {dakh.) chhe'alis : 



FOU 

— seven, saintalls : — eight, athtfills 

— nine, unchiis, {dakh.) iinchas : period 
of — days, chilla. 

Forward, {adj. eager) dil-chala, {ready) 
musta'idd, taiyar, {presumptuous) shokh, 
dhlth, {early) agmana, pesh-ras, {adv.) 
age, barhke, pare. 

To Forward, {hasten on) chalaaa, rawan h. , 
{patronise) madadi., barhana, dastgirli. 

Forwardness, {presumption) dhitha'i, sho- 
khi, {eagerness) dil-chala'i, jaldi, {pre- 
maturity) peshrasi. 

Forwards, age, agari, barhke, {dakh.) agu. 

Fosse, khandak, paighar, kha'i. 

Fossil, {adj.) ma'dani, {subst.) jamad. 

Fossils, jamiidat. 

To Foster, palna, posna, parwarish *. 

Fostering, {subst.) parwarish, pratipal. 

Fosterbrother, diidh-bha'J, ham-shir. 

Fosterchild, Fosterson, le-palak. 

FosTEBMOTBER, diidh-ma, diidh-pila'I. 

Foul, {filthy) maila, chirkin, malTn, najis, 
nii-piik, {unfair) na-rast, {wicked) sharlr, 
shadid, {abominable) makruh, {ugly)\>hoa- 
da, bad-siirat : — weather, ganda bahar, 
malin samai(?). 

To Foul, maila k., aliida k., na-pak *. 

FouLMOUTUED,galanda,garhenda,badzabaii 

Foulness, aludagi, na-pak!, mailapan. 

Found, maujud : not to be — , adim, 1931. 

To Found, bunyad dalna, new dalna, waz" k. 

Foundation, bunyiid, asas, new, bina, talii, 
paya, {origin) jar, asl, bekh, mabna. 

Founder, bani, wiizi", mubtadi, {caster of 
metal) sanche meii dhalne-wala, kasera. 

To Founder, {sink, q. v.) tale meu girna, 
iuhj., {become lame, as a horse) lang A., 
langriinii. Foundered, (a boal) mkta. 

Fount, Fountain, chashma, fawwiira, mam- 
ba", sot, {origin) mabda, asl : — head, 
sar-chashma : — hi Paradise, kausar, sal- 
sabil, tasnim : — of life, ab-i-hayat. 

Four, char, chatur, chahiir, arba", {in com- 
pos.) chau ; — and a half, dhoncha: 
having — arms, chatur-bhuj : — cor- 
nered, chau-kor, chau-kona : — faced, 
chau-mukbi : being — in number, mu- 
rabba" : — people employed together, Sfc. , 
chau-kasl : ore the — sides, chiiron taraf, 
{dakh.) chau-kudhan, chaundhir : of the 
— ages or great periods, chau-jugT. 

Fourfold, char-chand, chau-gunii, 917. 

0/'FouRFOLDS,chautah. Fourfooted,900. 

Four-pieced, char-para, chau-pSra. FouR- 
-scoBE, chiir-bisl. Four-sided, chau- 
-pahlii. Fourteen, chaudah, chardah. 

FouRTEENTH,chaudahwaii,chaudahiifi,char- 
dahum : — day of the lunar fortnight, 
chaturdasi, chaudas : — night of the 
moon, chaudahwli'i rat. 



FRE 



FRI 



FRO 



2303 



Fourth, cliauth;i,cliahrirum,cliaturth,((/flA-7/.) 
charwiin : — age of the world, kali, kali- 
jug : — day of a lunar fortnight, chatur- 
thl : — part, chautha'I, pa'o, rub' : — 
part of an ana, pii'i, pa'iii : — part of a 
paisa, dukra. Fourthly, chauthe. 
FoWL,(4«>rf) chiriya, fair, (domestic) murgL, 
makiyan : species of — , the bones of which 
are black, karak-nath. 
Fowler, chirl-mar, saiyad, shikari, mir- 

-shikar. Fowling, saiyadi. 
Fowlingpiece, shikari banduk. 
Fox, lomrl, robah, sa'lab -.flying — , badur. 
Fox's grapes, tulidiia. # 

Fraction, tukrii, reza, {in nrith.) kasr, 

maksur : see Piece, Fracture. 
Fractions, {in arith.) kusiir. Fracture, 
tilt, rakhna, shikast : to — , torna, phorna. 
Fragile, nazuk, phuska, tunuk, kam-zor. 
Fragment, tukra, parcha, para, purza. 
Fragrance, khush-bo, subas, sugandh. 
Fragrant, khush-bo-dar, mu'attar. 
Frail, be-baka, sari'u-z-zawal, kam-pa, fa- 

ni, {liable to error) ghair-mustakill. 
Frailness, Frailty, zu'f, kam-pa'i, kam- 

-zori, na-pa'edari, {fault) chuk, khata. 
Frame, banawat, Tmarat, {of a structure, 
picture, Sfc.) dhancha, {of bamboo, for 
thatching) thathar, {of a door) chaukhat, 
{of a matted screen or thatched roof) 
thathvi, {to sit on) chauki, {for illumina- 
tion) tatti, {of bamboo for catching fish) 
tap, {for pigeons to settle on) turn, chha- 
tri, {case) dan, khaua, {order) tartib, 
{shape) n'aksha, siirat, {state) halat. 
To Frame, banana, garhna, bandhna, (m- 
vent) ijad k., tajwiz k , {adjust) daul o 
dhab bandhna, jorna, thik k. 
To FRANCHiSE,azadi.,tabi'dariseklialasi. 
Frank, saf-dil, be-takalluf, kushada-dil. 
A Frank, {European) farangi. 
Frankincense, luban, bakhur. 
Frankly, be-ghill o ghishsh, sada-dili se. 
Frankness, sadagi, saf-dili, kushada-dill. 
Frantic, majnun, sauda'i, sborida, siri. 
Fraternal, biradarana, biradar-sa. 
Fraternity, biradarl, 389, {society) firka. 
Fraud, fareb, dagha, chhal, khiyanat. Jul. 
Fraudulent, daglia-baz, farebi, kha'in. 
Fraudulently, dagha se. Fraught, pur. 
Fray, mara-marl, rar, lara'I, hangama. 
Freak, lahar, khayal. 
Freakish, wahmi, har-dam-khayall, lahri. 
Freckle, magas, khal, lahsan, dagh. 
Freckled, magasi, khaldar, daghdar. 
Free, azad, warasta, be-kaid, hurr, {open, 
liberal) kushada-dil, saf, {liberal) data, 
{from tax, as land) mu'afi, la-khiraj, {as 
letters, ^c.) be-mahsiil, {familiar) gus- 
takh, (easy) kushada, {allowed) rawa, ja'iz. 



durust, (candid) siidik, be-riyji, saf, (in- 
nocent) barl, pak, (exempt) khali, farigh, 
(clear) khalas, riha : — agent, mukhtar : 
— from, khali, arl: — from care, nichint: 
set — , mukhalla : setting — , chhurawa. 
To Free, set Free, azad k., chhurana, 934. 
Freebooter, kazzak, lutera, gharatgar. 
Freeoost, be-zar-kharid, sent, muft, yunhl. 
To be Freed from debt, utarna : — from 

distress or injury, kanta sa nikal^'. 
Freedom, azadagi, azadi, ikhtiyar, (inde- 
pendence) faraghat, be-niyazi, (franchise) 
hukuk, khalasi, (exemption) najilt, chhut- 
tl, riha'i, (ease) asani, suhiilat: — from 
care, uichinta'i : — from corporeal ex- 
istence, mukti : — of tongue, talakat. 
Freehold, zamindarl, a'imma, jaglr. 
Freeholder, zamindar, a'immadar. 
Freely, azadi se, (plentifully) ba ifrat, zi- 

yadati se, (frankly) kushada-dili se. ^ 
Freeness, (candorir) sidagi, rast-bazi, (ge- 
nerosity) sakhawat, kushada-dili. 
Free-spoken, saf-go, be-lagam, be-bak. 
Free-thinker, nastiki, mulhid, dahriya. 
Freewill, husn-i-ikhtiyar, mukhtari. 
To Freeze, jamna, jare se munjamid h. 
Freight, bharti, jahaz ki bojha'i, (hire)nan\. 
To Freight, ladna, bharti k., bojhna. 
French, farasisi, frans ka. 
Frenzy, junun, diwanagi, sirsam. 
Frequent, FREauENTLY, aksar, aksariya, 

bahut, aksar aukat, bar-bar, barha. 
To Frequent, aya jaya k., amad raft k. 
Frequented, ma'miir, (as a market) garm. 
Fresh, tiiza, tatka, tar, tar-o-taza, naya, 
(cool) thandha, (not salt) alona, (verdant) 
sar-sabz. 
To Freshen, taza k., tiiza h., lahlahana. 
Freshness, tazagi, tar-o-tazagi, thandha'i, 
sarsabzi, haiiyali, nazarat, tarawat, tundi. 
Fret, iztirab : — work, rukhrahat (.'). 
To Fret, (rub) ghisna, ragarna, (vex) chher- 

na, (V. n.) chirnS. 
Freteul, tund-kho, chirchira, lab-kha. 
To be Fretful, jhunjhlana, kilkilana. 
Fretfulness, chirchirahat, na-khushi. 
Friar, darwesh, kalandar. 
Friable, narm, phuska. 
Friction, ragar, ghisa'o, (dakh.) lagariit. 
Friday, jum'a, adina, sukr, shulcrwar. 
Fried, birishta, biryan, (fish) margal : — 

food, 684. To be Fried, bhunna. 
Friend, dost, muMbb,hita,yar, mitr, mush- 
fik,(acguaintance)ashuii,(companion)reLfik, 
anis-jalis, (patron) dast-gir, mihrban, mu- 
rabbi : dear — , yar-i-aziz : faithful — , 
yar-i-wafadar : false — , mitr-drohi : a 
female — , ali, sakhi, yarni: inconstant — , 
hafta-dost : intimate — , jan-pahcban, khal- 
wati, yar-i-gh.^r, miinis, mukarrab, mah- 

7 U ' 



ram, nadim, 1975, 1797: old — , lango- 
tiyii-yar : seeming — , dost-numa : sincere 
— , sadik, yar-i-ghar, mukhli?, nasih. 
Friendless, be-kas, khwar. kangal. 

FRIENDLESSNESS,20aoFRIENDLINESS,2002 

Friendly, ashna-parast, mihrban, mihr- 
war.milansar, (adv.) dostana, mukhlisana, 
yarana, (amicable) muwafik, (salutary) 
mufid : to maintain — intercourse, rukh 
rakhna. 

Friends, ahibba, ahbab, dostan, (kindred) 
akriba, bha'i-band: — and relations,ks.nm 
khwesh : cherisher of — , dost-nawaz. 

Friendship, dosti, muhabbat, mawaddat, 
ikhlas, mihrbani, khairkhwahi. mitra'i, 
pit, prem, hit, yarl, (intimacy) irtibat, 
ikhtilat, uns, ulfat, rabt, (acquaintance) 
ashnil'i : show of — before a person whom 
you pay no regard to in absence, 1976 : 
practice of — , mihrwarzi : intimate — , 
ham-dami : to enter into — , muwafakat k. : 
to seek the — of one who is averse from it, 
gale parna : treacherous — , biswas-ghat. 

FRiEZE,(m*arc/i.)nab. FRiGATE.jangijahaz. 

Fright, dar, khauf, sahm, dahshat. 

To Fright, To Frighten, darana, sahm- 
anii, bharkana, bijhkana, dahshat d. 

Frightened, khaufnak, dahshat-zada, 426. 

To be Frightened, dama, darapna, kachi- 
yana ; — out o/'oKe's »e«ses,chaundhiyana. 

FRiGHTENiNG,(sKJs<.)dharalla,(af7;.)hLrasan 

Frightful, bhayauak, khaufnak, darawna. 

Frightfulness, haulniiki, haibatnaki. 

Frigid, thandha.sard, afsurda. Frigidity, 
sardi, thandhapan, (dulness) bhaddapan. 

Fringe, jhalar, zinjaf. Fringed, jhalardar. 

Fringilla amandava, chitti, (male) lal. 

Frippery, purza, purane kapre, giidar. 

To Frisk, kudakiw, phudakna, tapna, 585. 

FRiSKiNESs,kalol,achpali.FRiSKY,chulbula. 

Frith, (narrow bay of the sea) khari, naka. 

To Fritter, tukra tukra *., jhuth muth 
wakt katna. Fritters, phulki. 

Frivolous, damaghi, subuk, halka, harza : 
— talk, harza-chanagi, harzagi. 

Frivolousness, subki, subka'i. 

Frock, kurta, jhagula, (dakh.) chatta, 1049, 

Frog, mendak, ghiik, bang, bhek, dadur : 
- — of a horse^s hoof, putli. 

Frolic, kalol, khel, achpaU, alol-kalol. 

Frolicsome, achpal, shokh. khush-tab*. 

From, se, sen, son, siin, su, te, ten, siti, 
seti, min, az : — above, ilpar-se : — be- 
low, niche-se : — within, men-se : — that 
day to this, us roz se aj tak. 

Front, aga, kabl, samhna, agwara, pesh, 
peshani, chihra, munh, rii, (boldness) dhi- 
tha'i, gustakhi : in — , age, pesh, samhne, 
agari, dar-pesh, sonhin, ange : — to — , 
rii-ba-ru, amne-samne. 



2306 



FUM 



To Froxt, samhne A., muliazi h., mukabil h. 

Frontier, sar-hadd, siwana, hadd, 1020. 

Fronting, samhneFRONTispiECE.sar-daftar 

Frost, pala, jara, tusar, thir, tliar, sarma. 

Froth, phen, kaf, gaj, {of the ocean) jhag. 

To Froth, phainana, phenuthna, kafuthna. 

Frothy, kaf-dar, {empty) subuk, ochha. 

Frouzv, bisahinda, sara, gumsa. 

Fboward, khud-ra'e, hathila, gustalA. 

Frown, te'orhi, bhirkuti, chin-ba-jabm. 

To Frown, bhaun terhl k., ghurakna, 722. 

Frowning, {mbst.) jhirki ; — at, ghurkl. 

Frozen, munjamid, fusurda. 

Frozenness, afsurdagl. 

To Fructify, phalana, bar-awar k. 

Frugal, kifayati, juz-ras, salamat-rau. 

Frugality, juz-rasl, kifayat, girhistl. 

Frugally, kifayat se, juz-rasl se. 

Fruit, phal, mewa, samar, bar, {various 
fruits) barhal, khirni, ka'ephal, kachaii, 
karonda, kamrakh, ko'i, lona, lahsora, U- 
chl, maiii-phal, tent : — of the womb, 
haml : basket of — , dali: {profit) natl^a.. 

Fruitbearing, mewa-dar, samar-dilr. 

Fruiterer, raewa-farosh, kunjra. 

Fruitful, {bearing fruit) bar-dar, phaU 
-dar, musmir, {fertile) sansgar, jaiyid, 
{prolific) kasiru-l-atfal. 

Fruitfulness, bar-dari. Fruition, fauz. 

Fruitless, aphal, nirphal: see Profitless. 

Fruitlessly, be-fi'ida, la-hasil, abas. 

Frcitlessness, be-samari, be-hasili. 

Fruit-woman, kunjran, kunjrl, kunjarnl. 

Fruits, fawakih, phal-phalari, phal-phalali. 

To Frustrate, be-bahra k., be-nasib k. 

Fry, {young offish, dakh.) jhingaryan. 

To Fry, bhunna, bhaJDa, biryan k., talna. 

Frying, birishtagi, talan : — pan, kariihl, 
taba, mahl-tawa, 1582: — p(jt,tsLi. 

Fuel, Indhan, indhan, hima, hezam, jaran. 

Fugitive, bhagora, bhaggu, {dakh.) nhatii, 
(adj.) arizT, gurez-pa. 

7b Fulfil, pura k., bar lana, baja lanii. 

Fulfilment. ada.wafa,(/iBigAi»f/)ikhti tarn. 

Full, {filled) bhara, bhar-pur, ina'mur, 
{complete) pura, bhar, kamil, pur, mal-a- 
-mal, wafr, sampurn, puraa, {satisfied) 
ser, asuda-hal, (large) chaura, (as a robe) 
gher, gherdar, ghumghumala, (own) saga, 
sagga, haklkl, (in compos.) nak, gin : — 
fed, (dakh.) pet-bharii : — weight, chau- 
kas : paying or receiving a debt in — , 
mustaufl. Fuller, hawarl, gazar, dhobi. 

Fully, mufa??al, tafjilan, bilkulliya, puran. 

To Fulminate, garajna, ghaharna, karakna. 

Fulness, purl, ma'iniirl, seri, pura'i, ;jg8. 

Fulsome, ghinauna, makruh, na-pa-sand. 

FuMBLER, ana)*!, murakh, phuhaj*, hiz. 

Fu M ari A (pari) i^ora or)o^cina<t»,shali -tara. 

F11.ME, bukhar, dhii'an, dud, (rage) gliazab. 



FY 

To Fume, dbu'an uthna, bhabhakna, josh- 
-kbarosh men h. Fumette, sarahind. 

To Fumigate, basna, bhaphara lena. 

Fumigation, bhapkara, 1108: to undergo 
— , dhuni lena. 

Fun, thathoU, thattha, tamasha, khel, bazl. 

Function, ifa, (business) kam, (ofiice) uhda. 

Fund, punji, maya, sar-maya, (dakh.) 1890. 

Fundament, gand, kun, mik'ad, dubur. 

Fundamental, asU, zati, zarurl, bunyadi, 
mull : — article of religion, akidat, akida. 

Funeral, janaza, tadfin, taj'hiz : — appa- 
ratus, jahaz : — ceremonies, rites, or ob- 
sequies, sraddha, gat, agni-sanskar : to 
perform the — rites, gat (or gati) k. 

Fungus, (mttshroom) dbarti ka phul, (of a 
wound) angur (?). Funnel, chonga, 
(pipe) nail, (chimney) dhunwara. 

Funny, khilwar, khush-tab', tamashe ka, 
f (dakh.) gammati : — fellow, thatthe-baz. 

FuR,pashm,postIn,(sa4/e)samuv, (sc«im)ka'i. 

To Furbish, saikal k., (dakh.) shikal k. 

Furbished, maskul, mujalla. 

Furbisher, saikalgar, (dakh.) shikalgar. 

Furbishing, saikal, (dakh.) shikal. 

Furious, tund, sakht, shadid, gliazabnak. 

Furiously, tundi se, shiddat se, garmi se. 

To Furl, lapetna, khainchna, aincbna. 

Furlough, rukhsat, ijazat, chhutti. 

Furnace, bhar, bhat, bhathi, gulkhan, 160. 

To Furnish, (supply) pabunchana, dena, 
sarbarah k., (fit up) ar.ista k., sajana. 

Furniture, ghar ka asbab, saman. 

Furrier, samiir-farosh. Furrow, regha- 
ri, hal se banahii'a khatt, (wrinkle) chiu. 

Further, durtar, (besides) alawa : — on, 
agari. roFuRTHER,barhana,madadgarIA. 

Furtively, chup-a-chup. 

Fury, jazba, khashm, josh-Wjarosh, diwa- 
nagi, 714, 1425. A Fury, churail, da'en. 

roFusE,(j>.n.)pighalna,galna,(i).a.)pighlana 

To be Fused, (as metal) dahua. 

FusEE, (o/a So)nJ,^c.)falita, (/(W!7)banduk. 

Fusible, galne-jog, gudazanck. 

Fusiform, sitkari : — receptacle, of a many- 
seeded fruit, musla. Fusil, bandiik. 

Fusilier, bandiikcht, barkandaz. 

Fusion, pighla'o. Fuss, tagapu, hangama. 

Fustian, rii'I ke kapre kl ek kism : muba- 
lagha. FusTiNESS, bad-bu'i, phaphundi. 

Fusty, badbii, basl. 

Futile, batil, la-ljasil, halka, nacliTz, subuk. 

Future, mustakbil, bhavisliya, ayanda : — 
stale, fikibat, alAirat, ukbii : one who de- 
nies a — slate, ^c, nastik : — tense, 
mustakbil : in — , ayanda. 

Futurity, iikba, fikibat, agam.Tikbirat, 108. 

7b Fuzz, zarra zarrahokeurna, muntashir/i. 

FY,uf, pliit, tauba tauba, cliht, dliik, la-haul. 



Gabble, bak-bak, ghen-pen, barbar. 
To Gabble, bak-bak k., bak-jhak k., 2125. 
Gabbler, ba'ojhak, barbariya, bakkl. 
Gabion, ek kism ki tokri, gadJ. 
Gabriel, jabrii'il, rubu-1-amin, kudsT. 
Tb Gad, harza-gardi A:.,idhar-udharphirna. 
Gadder, harza-gard, kucha-gard, awara. 
Gadding, harza-gardT,kucha-gardI,awaragI. 
Gadfly, dans, (dakh.) gomachi. 
G.SRTNERA racemosa, madholata, malati. 
Gaff, kart|E, barchha, (boom) gosi pirman, 

gusi parwan (Roeb.). 
Gag, (for the mouth) munh-band, dhattha. 
To Gag, munh-band k., dhathiyana. 
Gage, girau, rihn, bandhak, (measure) nap 

ki chob. To Gage, badna, girau rakhna, 

(measure) napna. 
Gaily, khushi se, khursandi se, raunak se. 
Gain, fa'ida, naf", labh, hasil, kama'I. 
To Gain, uthana, arjana, tahsll k., (win) 

jTtna, war-rahna, (get) pana, lena ; — 

over, ganthna. 
Gainer, Gaining, kama'ii, muntafi'. 
Gainful, siidmand, mufid, gunja'ishi. 
Gains, mahasil, manal, yaft. 
To Gainsay, radd *., mukhalafat A. 
Gairish, bharkila, ehatkila, ranglla. 
Gait, chal, raftar, rawish. 
Gala, shan shaukat, bharak, namiid. 
Galanga major, kholinjan, kulijan. 
GALANGAL,kholiujan,(daiA.)ujle pan ki jar. 
Galaxy, kahkasban, (assembly) muhfil. 
Galbanum, bireja or birija, birzad, kinna. 
Gale, nasim, saba, (strong wind) andhi. 
GALEDUPAinrf!ca,karanj,karanjawa,karanja. 
Galen, jallnus. Gall, pitta, pitt, safia, 

(rancour) adawat, ghazab : • — bladder, 

pitta, talkha. zahra : — 7iut, maju-phal. 
To Gall, (v. n.) ghiske chamra chhilna, 

(». a.) see To Vex. 
Gallant, (adj.) dilawar, shahzor, jawan- 

mard, (siebst.) ishk-baz, yar, jai-, dhlng. 
Gallantly, dilerana, mardana-war. 
Gallantry, jawanmardi, ishkbazi, blrta. 
Galled, ragar se dard-raslda ; sataya hfi'a. 
Gallery, baramada, aiwiin, (balcony) bii- 

lakhana, kakh, {in mining) surang, nakb. 
Gallop, dant-dapat, dapat,cliahar-tag,bag- 

-chhiit ; full — , arha'i : to — , dapatna, 

daurna, bagchbut daurna, phenkna : to — 

hard, raprapana : to cause to — , daufanii, 

daptana : to set off in a—, sarpat phenkna. 
Galloping, (subst,) sarpat, bagchhat: — 

horse, rah-naward, 916: sound of a horse's 

feet in — , kharbar. Galloway, yabu. 
Gallows, diir, gal. sulT. 
To Gamble, ju'a khelnil, har-jit k. 



GAR 

Gambler, juTirl, jwriri, kimarbSz, pharbiiz. 

Gambling, jfiTi, pharbazi, har-jlt. 

Gamboge, shira-i-rewand. 

Gambol, alol, kalol, khel : to — , kudakna, 
kudna, kudphfrnd A., [of the holt) phag. 

Game, (sport, q. v.) bazi, khel, la'b, Hla, 
{jest) thattha, khilli, {the chase) shikar, 
aher, {animals hunted) said, shikar, aher : 

— cock, luraka murgh, jangi murgh : — 
keeper, karawal, shikari, hafiz-i-shikar : 

— played with oblong dice, chaupar, chau- 
sar: — played by children, chor-mandii- 
ra, rasm, sanam, kilkil-kanta : • — resem- 
bling cricket, but played on horseback, 
chaugan : deceiving of — , shikar-farebl : 
killer of — , §aid-afgaii : killing of — , 
said-afgani : place for — , said-gah. 

To Game, khelna: see To Gamble. To 
make Game of, bazi d. To make the 
first attempt at seizing Game, munh i. 

Gamesome, chulbula, {dakh.) gammati. 

Gamester, ju'arl, kimarbaz, pharbaz. 

Gaming, jii'a, kimarbazi : — house, 8oi. 

Gamut, sarigara, dar-i-mufassal, sur. 

Gander, batii. Gang, ghol, guroh, jatha. 

Ganges, ganga: carrierof — water, kamarthi 

Gangway, guziira, utara, jahaz ka guzara. 

Gaol, bandi-khana, kaid-khana. 555. 

Gaoler, bandJ-Khane ka nigahban ya da- 
rogha. Gap, chak, shakk, rakhna, darar. 

roGAPE,(y«i»») jamha'ilena, jambana,996, 
1974, {be split) tarakna, phatna, {crave) 
munh phailana, {with surprise) munh pa- 
sarna : — for breath, dam sendna. 

Gaping, (subst.) jamha'I, khamiyaza. 

Garb, poshak, libas, bana, siirat, bhes. 

Garbage, ojhri, fazla, antrl, roda. 

Garcinia cambogia, wilayatl amli. 

Garden, bagh, rauza, biiri, shakhsiir : — 
house, bati : — of roses, gulzar : flower 
— , phulwarT : kitchen — , bari, falez : to 
lay out a — , chamanbandi k. 

Gardener, baghban, mall, chamanband. 

Gardener'sw!/(? or female gardener, malin. 

Gardenia dumetorum, main-phal : — flo- 
rida, gandhraj : — latifolia, piipra. 

GARDENiNG,baghbani,maligari,chamankari 

To Gargle, gargarana, kulkulana, kuUi k. 

Gargling, Gargle, gharghara, kulkula. 

Garland, mala, sihra, bar, bandanwar. 

Garlick, lahsan, sir, {dakh.) lasan, lasiin. 

Garment, kapra, jama, posh, malbiis : — 
for daily use, bizla : under — , shi'ar : 
upper — , jhanga, disar. 

Garments, kapre, poshak, poshish, libas. 

Garner, ambar.ghalla-khana, {dakh.) 1630. 

Garnet, yakiit. To Garnish, saiiwarna. 

Garnishment, ara'ish, sajawat. 

Garran, {adj.) charkha, {subst.) dagga. 

Garrison, garh, kal'a, ahl-i-kal'a. 



GEN 

Garrisoned place, mahrusa, kal'a, garb. 

Garrulity, bak-jbak, bakwas, bakbakahat. 

Garrulous, pur-go, barbariya, gappl. 

Garter, patti, moza-band. 

Gas, bukhar, baph, bhaph. 

Gasconade, laf-guzaf, shekhl ka kalam. 

Gash, war, bughar, gambhir gha'o. 

Gasp, urdh-saiis, sans, dam : last — , dam- 
-i-wapasln, ultl dhaunk, ulta dam. 

7o Gasp, lakhlakhana, dam basta lena, 
hampna : — for life, dam nak men ana. 

Gasping, {adj.) dam-kash, {subst.) siisa. 

Gate, dwar, phiitak, paurl, bab, 403 : grand 
entrance — to a palace, S^'c, singh-paur. 

Gateway, dewrhl, de'orhl, {dakh.) dewrl. 

To Gather, {collect) jam" k., batorna, fa- 
raham k., halkorna, ektba k., {.select) 
chuunii, {assemble, v. n.) ektha A., {con- 
vene, V. a.) ektha k., {amass) sametna, 
gathrl bandhna, {pluck) torna, tor lena, 
parana, {pucker) chunat k., {the clouds) 
jhQmna : — a flower, chiintna ; — a tax, 
talisllna. Gathered, {part.) chlda, 
{adj.) faraham, malfiif. 

Gatherer, chunwaiya, {in compos.) chin. 

Gathering, {collection) ijtima", ambar, 
{tumor) dumbal, phora, {in compos.) chin: 
— of the clouds, jh&m-jhiim, ghata. 

Gaudily, bharak se, chatak se, numa'ishse. 

Gaudiness, ranglnl, tariiya, chatak. 

Gaudy, bharkila, chatkila, ranglla. 

To Gauge, mapna, paima'ish k., kut k. 

Gaunt, leak, dubla. Gauntlet, dastiina. 

Gauze, lahl, jhilmil, kapar-dhiil, kaparphul. 

Gay, khurram. dil-shad, chhauliya, khush. 

Gayety, khushi, khurrami, shiidmani. 

Gaze, taktakl. To Gaze, taktaki bandhna. 

Gazette, akhbar. akhbar-nama. 

Gazing, (arf;.) nazzara-kun: — at, muta- 
rassid : — stock, angusht-numa. 

Gehenna, jahlm. 

Gelatine, Gelatinous, laslasa, chipchipa. 

To Geld, be-khaja k. Gelding, 64. 

Gem, jawahir, jauhar, ratan, gauhar, mani. 

Gemini, {the sign) jauza, do-paikar : tico 
bright stars in the head of — , zira'. 

Gender, jins, kism, nau", tanis o tazklr. 

Genealogical, nasabi: — i!»-ee,nasab-nama. 

Genealogist, nassfib, nasab-dan, nasl-dan. 

Genealogy, nasab-nama, {lineage) hasab 
nasab, nasi. Genealogies, ansab. 

General, {adj.) Smm, kuUI, murauwaj, 
{subst.) bakhshl. siilar, sipah-salar, sardar. 

Generally, aksar, aksarlya, bahudha, 145. 

Generalship, bakhshl-garl. 

T'oGENERATE,janmana. Generated, 1844. 

Generation, taulld, tawalud, paida'ish, 
{race) nasab, nasi, {succession) pusht, plr- 
hl, {age) zamana, jug. 

Generosity, faiyazi, saldiawat, karamat. 



GET 



2.307 



Generous, sakhl, data, karim, faiyaz, da- 
rya-dil, {as food) hitlf, {noble) asll. 

Generously, sakhawat se, faiyazi se. 

Genii, jinnat, bani jan, jann, khechar. 

Genitals, a'za-i-tanasul, ling, satr, g'lnd. 

Genitive, {in gram.) izafat : noun in the — 
case, muzaf ilaihi. 

Genius, (na<Mre)tab",t.abi'at,tInat, subbiw, 
(»!CTi/a/^OK!er)raudrika, zihn, idrak, {skill) 
maharat, sallka, (*p«n7) jinn, bhiit : of a 
bright — , roshan-tab" : of a splendid — , 
zakIyu-1-ma'I : person of — , §ahib-tab", 
ahl-i-tab" : produced by ■ — , production of 
— , tab"-zad : a real — , salimu-t-tab" : a 
subtle — , zihn-i-daklk. 

Genteel, nazuk, khallk, sajlla, shayasta. 

Genteelly, khulk se: — born, sahib-zada. 

Gentian, jantiyana. 

Gentiana cherayta, {dakh.) ne'alem. 

Gentility, marde-admiyat, najabat. 

Gentle, {wellborn) kulln, najib, asll, {mild) 
liallm,dhlma,mula'im,(to«e)hilii, (rfaiA.) 
salgl : of — dispositions, latlf-tab" : of — 
manners, shlrln-tab" : — and simple, 
kas-o-na-kas. Gentleman, marde-ad- 
ml, kh^r^j^, bhala adml, sahib : a young 
— , sahib-z;"ida. Gentlemanly', marde- 
-adml sa, khallk. Gentlemen, ashraf. 

Gentleness, hilm, mulayamat, sada-tauri, 
lutf, ahistagi, {lameness) hiliipan. 

Gentlewoman, kulawanti, bhall adml. 

Gently, (stow/y)ahista,ahiste, haule, {softly) 
dhIme-dhIme,dabe-pa'on,haIgI, (<ender/y) 
mulayamat se : treating any one ■ — , mu- 
samaha. Gentoo, hindii, hindustanl. 

Gentoos, hiiniid. 

Gentry, khawass, ashraf, shurafa, nujaba. 

Genuine, chokha, khalis, khara, nab, asH. 

Genuineness, paki, khara'I, sachcha'I. 

Genus, jins, nau", laun, firka. 

Geographer, khafctatu-l-bilad, jughrafiya. 
-dan.GEOGRAPHicAL,jughrafiya-mansiib. 

Geography, jughrafiya, hai'atu-1-arz. 

Geomancy, ramal, rammall. 

Geometrical, ilm-i-handase se nisbat-dar: 
— figure, chhetr : — point, nukta. 

Geometrician, muhandis, handasa-dan. 

Geometry, muhandisi, masahat, handasa. 

Georgian, gurji. German, alamau, 

Germe, ankura, konpal, 380. 

To Germinate, jamna, kaliyana, upajn:!. 

To Gesticulate, bha'o batana. maskharana. 

Gesticulation, Gesture, bha'o, g.55. 

To Get, {acquire) panii, l.iiisil k., baham 
pahunchana, {arrive) pahunchn.i, {earn) 
kamana, paida k., upana, {sufifer) khana, 

uthana : — before, sabkat k. : easily, 

par.a pana : — loose, chhutna : — off, 
{run away) nikal bhagua : — out, {ex- 
tract) bar lana : — out of the way, sarak- 



2308 



GIV 



na, baghlana : — the better of, (outwit) 
tan kiitna, {overcorAe) daba marna, {in 
argument) bat rahnii : — with child, 599. 

Gewgaw, khilauna, bazlcha, kath-putU. 

Ghastly, murde-sa, liashri, harjali (?). 
Gherkin, ek kism ka khlra. 
Ghost, pallt, pret, bhiit, bbutna, (dakk.) 
chba'Iii : — of a woman, picbhalpa'i : to 
pile up the — , jan bar hakk tasUm i. : 
giving up the — , kandan-i-jan : holy — , 
rQhu.l-kuds. ^ 

Giant, mard-i-azim-tan, (rfemon) ifrTt. 

Giantess, zan-i-azim-tan, dewni. 

Gibberish, barbara'i, gbilpU, gkachpach. 

Gibbet, diir, phansi ka khambha, ((faiA.) gal. 

Gibbous, kbamida-pusbt, {dakh.) khacjda. 

Gibe, ta'na, ta'na-zani, tasa kbkh ur. 

To Gibe, ta*na marna, cHrana, ta*na-tash- 
m' k., banana. Giber, ta'na-zan. 

GiBSTAFF, laggl. Giddily, ghurni se. 

Giddiness, {vertigo) dauran-i-sar, ghumri, 
tewar, do'ar, {unsteadiness) bekarai-T. 

Giddy, sar-gashta, tewar-dar, {fickle) clian- 
chal, hawa-pai-ast, {unstable) gbair-sabit, 
be-karar, {thoughtless) gbafil, be-kliabar. 
{intoxicated) mzHihush, sarshar : to be — , 
sir gbumna, te'orana, {be elated) phulna. 

Gift, bakhshish, dan, dad, in'am, inayat, 
ata, {j)resented to a superior) na^r, {be- 
quest) hiba, {faculty) liyakat, makdur : 
a charitable — , nazr-i-a'imma : deed of 
— , hiba-nama, dan-pattar. Gifts, ma- 
raliim, {offered or received when people 
of rank meet or pay their respects to a 
prince) nazrana. 

Gigantick, kawi-haikal, azim-shakl, 1899. 

Giggle, khilkhil. To Giggle, khilkhilana. 

To Gild, marbna, sonabla k., mulamma* k. 

Gilded, Gilt, tila'i, mut.alla, zar-nigar. 

Gilder, tila-kar, koft-gar. 

Gilding, hall-karl, zar-nigarl, tila-kari. 

Gills, gal-phara. Gimlet, siija. 

Gin, pa'e-dam, phanda, {spirit) sharab. 

Ginger, (dry) south, zanjabil, {green) ada. 

Gingle, kharkharahat, {dakh.) khanklian. 

To Gingle, jhanakna, jhanjhanana. 

Gipsy, khana-badosh, (rfo*A.)gurgurT-wala. 

To Gird, jakarna, kasiia, (reproach) ta'n k. 

Girder, (in building) .shahtir, dbaran. 

Girdle, kamar, kamar-band, patka, arband, 
(of smalt bells worn by women) kinkini. 

GiBL, lafki, chhokri, kanya, §abiya, biila, 
lali : a — choosing her husband, swayam- 
bara : a — just grown up, nava-jobana : 
giving a — in marriage, kanyadan: a little 
— , baohchi : a servant — , cheri, laundi. 

Girlish, larkT-sa, chhokri ka sa, kanlzfina. 

Girth, tang, peti, farakhl. 

To Give, dena, bakhshna, Inayat *., ata *. .• 
— back, lautaDii, wapos d. : — gratui- 



GLE 

tously, arzaui rakbna : — in charge, lia- 
wale k., sompna, supurd k. : — i7i charge 
to the watch or guard, pahre meii dalna : 

— one's word, bachan k. , bachan d. , ba- 
chan bandh h. : — up, (leave) thiik d., 
kinar khaiiichna, (desist) rahj., salam k.: 

— up a dispute or in despair, har-manna : 

— way, dabna, (sink) dhachakna, dhasak- 
na, (get out of the way) rah chhorna : to 
cause — , dilana, dilwana, bakhshana. 

Given, diya, dada, (Braj) dai, da'i, (in 
compos.) dad. 

Giver, data, dene-wala, dayak, (dakh.) 
datar, dewan-har, (in comp.) dih, bakhsh. 

Giving, (subst.) dan, den, wahb, dad, 933, 
(dakh.) dewan, (adj.) dani, (in compos.) 
dih, bakhsh, da'i. 

Gizzard, patthri. Glacis, pushta. 

Glad, khiish, khurram. shad, shadman, 
masriir : — tidings, basharat, muzhda. 

To Glad, Gladden, khush *., shad k. 

To be Glad, phiilna, phiil baithna. 

GLADiATOR,silaljshor,shamsher-zano»'-baz. 

Gladly, khushi-khushi, khushi se. 

Gladness, khushi, shadi, shadmaui, 2063. 

Glance, nazar, lahza, liljaz, dith, chitwan : 
amorous — , ghamza : side — , tirchhi 
nazar, kankhl, 1622 : to—, (fash) lahak- 
na, jhalakna, (strike obliquely) tirchha 
lagua, (look at) uigah k. , nazar k. 

Gland, gilat,gilti, kauri. Glands, ghudud. 

Glanders, kanar. 

Glandolohs swelling, ghudud. 

Gl.\ns penis, hashafa, supara, supari. 

Glare, bharak, jagmagahat, jhaljhalahat. 

To Glare, jhaljhalana, jhalakna, chamakna. 

Glaring, bharklla, chamakta, (notorious) 
mash'hur, fash, (shocking) bara sharir. 

Glass, shisha, kanch, kach, abgina, (adj.) 
shishe ka, zujaji, billaurl : a — , shisha, 
jam, piyala, mina, kaiisa : — beads, ipot: — 
blower or maker, shisha-gar, kansa-gar : 

— making, shisha-garl : — furnace, shisha 
galane kl bhathi : — home, shisha banane 
ka ghar: house or cabinet adorned with — 
shisha-mahall: — man, shisha-farosh : a 
— /m//, piyala -bhar : — wort, ushnan. 

Glasses to aid the sight, ainak. 

Glassy, shishe ka, zujaji, shisha-numa. 

To Glaze, shisha jarna, (with lac) lakhau- 
ta k., (linen) kalap *., ghotna, (paper) 
aharna, (vessels) raughan t. Glazier, 
shisha-jarnewala, kaiich-bithanewrda. 

Gleam, chamak, chamkahat, (light) jhalak. 

To Gleam, dagdagiina, chamakna. 

To Glean, chuuna, khosha-chini *. 

Gleaner, khosha-chln. 

Gleaning, khosha-chini. GLEANiNGS,chu- 
ni ha'i chiz, (Itftin the fields) bisar. 

Gleet, jiryin-i-mani, parme'o, (dakh.) me- 



GO 

bam : to hare a — , dhat bahna. dhhtj. 
To Glide, bahna, narmi se bahna, guzarna. 
Glimmer, lol : to — , dhamakna, chamakna. 
Glimmering, timtimahat, jhilmilahat. 
GLiMPSE,jhilmilaliat,kam-i!ahiri,kamroshnI. 
To Glisten, chamakna, dhamakna : — as 

grease or oil on paper, tirmirana. 
Glitter, chamak, jhalak, jhamak, 824, 781 . 
To Glitter, chamakna, jhamaknfi, lahakua. 
Glittering, (adj.) jagmaga, taban, bhar- 
klla, 1034, (subst.) chamka'o, lahkanat. 
Globe, kura, chambar, gola, jurm, (the 

world) jahan : — amaranth, gul-i-makh- 

mal : — thistle, katara : the celestial — , 

cbarkh, sipahr, kura-i-falaki : terrestrial 

— , kura-i-arz, kura-i-khak. 
Globular, gol, kura-i, gol-sa. 
Globule, goll, rawa. 
GLOMEROus/^-/ree, udumbar. 
Gloom, Gloominess, dhumla'i, tiragi : see 

Sadness. Gloomy, dhiindhra, dhumla, 

(sad) maliil, udas. 
Glorification, astut, tamjid, tahmid. 
To Glorify, hamd k., astut k. 
To be Glorified, tapna. 
GLORious,majid,jalIlu-l-kadr: most — ,ajall. 
Glory, (praise) hamd, tasbih, (splendour) 

jalal, niir, raunak, (boast) fakhr : place or 

object of — , mafkhar. 
Glorying, (subst.) mufakharat, mubahat. 
Gloss, chamak, jhalak, chatak, (comment) 

sharh, tika. 
Glossary, farhang, lughat raatriika. 
Glossiness, chiknahat. Glossy, chikna. 
Glove, dastana, balila, (dakh.) dasti. 
Glover, dastana-saz, dastana-farosh. 
Glow, lapat, dahak, tapan, (zeal) garml. 
To Glow, damaknii, tapna, dagdagana. 
Glowing, (adj.) tabnak : — heat, bukhar. 
Glowworm, jugnl, shab-chirSgh, shabtab. 
Glue, saresh, ahar. Glued, sati-sati. 
Glut, ziyadati, bahutat, (dakh.) 1601. 
To Glut, nigalna, bhakhnii, bhama, ser k. 
Glutinous chipchipa, las-dar, laslasa, chik- 

kat : — food, lapsi : any thing — , lasa. 
To be Glutinous, lachlachana, laslasana. 
Glutinousness, chipchipahat, lajha, las. 
Glutted, asiida, sarshar. 
Glutton, Gluttonous, pet-posii, daki, 

petartu, khii'u, haris, shikam-banda, ak- 

kal, (dakh.) dauki, pitartul. 
Gluttony, ja'u-l-bakar, bisyilr-khori. 
Glycibrhiza y^aira, jethi-madh, sus. 
Gnarled, gathlla, pur-girih. 
ToGn\su,{the teeth) pisna, (danton)marna. 
Gnat, machchhar, pashsha, angora, chhiiki. 
To Gnaw, chiibnri,chabana,kritna,kha lenii. 
Gnomon, mikyfis, dhfip ghari ka kanta (?). 
To Go, jana, chalna, rawana A., kiich *., 

sidharna : — along or away, chala.;., jata 



GOL 

rahna : — back, li:itii-"i : — forth or out, 
peshj., khuruj i., iiisaniii, nikalna : — 
into, paithua, dhukna, (be contained) sa- 
mana, ainana, antiia : — on, {proceed) 
barhnfi, chala_/. : — out, {be extinguished) 
gul h. : — off, utarna, chala^., khapnii, 
{as a gun) daghna : — round, phirna, 
ghirni khana, ghumna, 2117: to cause — 
out, nikalwana : to mate — , chalana. 

Goad, ankus, paina, ar : to — , hill d., 849. 

Goal, maksad, manzil, gharaz, matlab. 

Goat, {he) bakra, buz, gospand, takka, 378, 
(she) bakrl, chberl, chbagn, {dakh.) chhe- 
II : castrated — , kbasl : motmtain — , 
buz-kohl: variety of — , rammun, barbari, 
{dakh.) mendi. 

Goatherd, gareriya, cbikwa (? : dakh.) 
charwiya, gauli. Goat-skin, chbagal. 

To Gobble, bhakh j., bhakosna. 

Go-between, dut, miyan-jl, mashshata. 

Goblet, piyala, tas, kasa, jam, katora. 

Goblin, bhut, bhutna, paret, {spirit) bu'i. 

God, {the supreme leing) parameswar, iswar, 
hakk, khuda, ilah, ezid, allah ta'ala, (a 
god) dewta, dew, sanam : — be praised ! 
alhamdu lillah : — bless you! marhaba ! — 

- forbid! ma'aza-Uah, astagbfiru-llah, khu- 
da nakliwasta, khuda na karda : — grant, 
kash : — is my witness, waliid shiihid : 
the — of love, anang, kam, kam-dew, 
manmath: tlie — of riches, kuvera, kuber, 
■ — send ! kash-ke : — willing, in sha al- 
IShu ta'ida : by—, h\-\Wa, li-Uah, hakka: 
great — / bar-i-khadaya : good — / su- 
bhana-USi, ta'al allah : — .' khudiiya, 
allah re, ilaha, ilahl : to — be praise, li- 
-llahi-1-hamd : ivith — , inda-Uah : would 
to — , ai kash. 

Goddess, debl, devi, khudani, {dakh.) dew- 
tin ; — of plenty, wealth, Sfc, sri, lachh- 
ml, padma : — of speech and eloquence, 
saraswat! : Hindi — , dewl, bhawanl. 

Godfather, dharm-bap. 

Godhead, khuda'i. Iswarta, ilahlyat, da'i. 

GoDLV, khuda-parast, rabbaul. 

Jn God's name, nam-i-khuda. 

Goer, chalanhar. 

Gog and Magog, yajuj majiij. 

GoGLET, jhajjhar, {for cooling water) 788. 

Going, {adj.) janliiir, chala'ii, rawan, ra- 
wanda, {subst.) dial, gaman, mashi, masir, 
raftan : — abotit, {subst.) mudawara, pa- 
rikrama, bhraman, {for amusement) sair, 
sail : — and coming, phera-pherl : — 
round, {adj.) ta'if, 1695, {subst.) gasht. 

Goitre, kanth-mala, ghega, ghenga. 

Gold, sona, zar, zahab, subarn, subaran, 
kanchan, kanak, kem,tila,kundan, {dakh.) 
suna: cloth of — ,tamaini, zar-baft, lappa: 
— coin, ashrafi, zar-i-surkh, muhr : — 



COS 

coloured, champak-barni : covered vith 
— , muras?a" : ■ — fringe, tila : a great 
weight of — , bhar: — lace-work, alaka- 
-bandl : — lace-worker, zarl-baf, alaka- 
-band : — leaf, tabak : lump of — , kami : 

— mohar, pTli : a — ornament worn on 
the front teeth, chomp : — thread or 
wire, badla : art of making — thread, ba- 
ta'I : woven with — thread, zari: — tis- 
sue, zarl-baf, deba, zar-baf, tilii-bafl. 

Golden, zarrin, zarina, sonabla, sonahra, 
f ila'I, tilayana : — age, sat-jug, krit : — 
stuffs, zarina. 

Goldsmith, zar-gar, sunar, sada-kar : bu- 
siness of a — , zar-gari, sunari, — 's 

Gomphrena globosa, gul-i-aurang (?). 

Gone, gay^, bitit, gat, sbuda, rafta. 

Gonorrhcea, sozak, parmeb, parme'o. 

Good, {adj.) achchha, bhala, khub, bib, bih- 
tar, nek, subh, salih, hasan, taiyib, khiish, 
khair. {subst.) khair, bhala'i, bihtari, fii'i. 
da, padarth, neki : — conduct, sil, nem- 
-dharm : — dag ! roz ba-aish : — dispo- 
sition, husn-i-khulk, sallka, subhaw, sil : 

— faith, nek-i"tikadi : — for nothing, 
nii-bakar, ni-kamma, {dakh.) ni-kama : 
— fortune, ikbal, khush-nasibi, bakhta- 
warl : — hearted, su-raan : — intention, 
khair-andesliT : — man, nek mard : — 
name, niko-nami, nek-nami : — nature, 
bhal-mansi, subhaw : — natured, — tem- 
pered, of — disposition, kbalik, khush- 
-khaslat, khush-kho. khush-khulk, su- 
-sil, sll-wan, 1383, 2105 : — news, ba- 
sharat, kliush-khabari : — night, shab- 
-ba-khair : one from whom no — is to be 
e.vpected, na-shudani : — opinion, husn- 
-i-zann ; ■ — ■ will, — wishes, khair-khwa- 
bi, daulat-khwahi : — works, mubarrat : 
doing — , niko-kari, sat-kar. 

Goodly, IjasTn, khiib, khiibsiirat, jamil. 
Goodness, bhala'i, khubi, neko'i, neki, sa- 

lahiyat, sat, satwa-gun : — of intention, 

nek-niyati. 
Goods, mal, mata*, asas, asbab, ajnas, 942. 
Goose, bans, hans, kaz, raj-hans, bat : 

grey — ,bag-hans : ruddy — , chakwii, kok. 
Gorbellied, tondail, tondaila, {dakh.) 706. 
Gore, {blood) khiin-i-basta, garha lalul. 
To Gore, konchna, bhonkna, chonkna. 
GoRGE.gala, {dakh.)-got\\a., (o/a 4!rrf)phota. 
To Gorge, {swallow) nigalna, {glut) halk 

tak bharna. 
To Gormandize, dhandhna, bhakhna. 
Gormandizer, akkal, khuranda, aghori. 
Gory, kbunl.lohu-luhan, lahu men tarbatar. 
Gospel, injil. Gossip, {a tale-bearer) bar- 

za-gard, {sponsor) dliaram-bap or -ma, 

{talk) gapsbap. 

7 X 



GRA 



2309 



Gossiping, harza-gardi, {dakh.) ghapsliaj). 

GossYPiuM herbaceum, kapas. 

To be Got, milna, hath lagna, hath ana. 

Not to be Got, {adj.) na-yab. 

To Govern, hukumat k., sahibi k. 

Governance, hakimi, liukiimat. 

Governant, 37. Governess, atii. 

Governed, {in gram.) ma'miil. 

Governing, {subst.) siyadat: — word, {in 
gram.) amil. 

Government, hukumat, raj, badshiihat, 
liakimi, mulkdari : art of — , raj-niti. 

Governor, hakim, amil, wall, nazim, bara 
sahib : — of a province, chakle-dar. 

Gourd, kadii, petha, kondha, kamrha, dheii- 
ras : hollowed — ,tomra: wild — ,indrayan. 

Godt, nikris, {dakh.) jhanakwa'i. 

Gown, {woman's) peshwaz, tilak, {man's) 
jama, nima, kaba : body of a — , choli . 

Grab, {kind of ship, from) ghurab (a crow). 

Grace, {favour) fazl, kirpa, lutf, faiz, ka- 
ram, {pardon) aman, afii, maghfirat, {ele- 
gance) dhaj, jamal, husn : divine — , 
taufik, ifzal. 

To Grace, hurmat (i.,barhana, raunak d. 

Graceful, ra*na, dhahila, sajila, jamil, {in 
compos.) khi.ish : — attitude, an : — car- 
riage, gait, walking, frc, khush-khirami, 
ra'iia'i : — in walking, khush-khiram. 

Gracefulness, zeba'i, dhang, sajawat. 

Graceless, sharir, kam-bakht. Graces, 
afzal : to get into one's good — , 1975. 

Gracious, karim, dayal, parsan, mihrban. 

Graciously, karam se, mihrbani se. 

Graciousness, karam, luff, nawazisb. 

Gracdla chattereah, peng : — religiosa, 
siirika, sharo, sharik. 

Gradation, tadrij, darja. 

Gradually, darja-ba-darja, rafta-rafta. 

Graft, paiwand, kalara, shakh : to — , pai- 
wand lagana. Grafter, paiwand-kar. 

Grain, {corn) ghalla, anaj, dana, tukhm, 
{the weight) ratti, {particle) zarra, reza, 
{fibres of wood) ans, rag, resha, {temper) 
mizaj : apartment under ground for — , 
chauiira : half -ground — , daliya : name of 
a — , kulthi, shakhiil, sanwa, kangni, ko- 
do, girgir, lalS, laharra, makra, maiiru'a : 
one whose business is to sell — , dalharan, 
dalharl : parched or scorched — , bhujna : 
ivet — , ankri. 

Grain-merchant, banjara, baldiya, bak- 
kiil, ghalla-farosh, modi, {dakh.) lambara. 

Grainless, be-dana. 

Grains, {after brewing) phok. 

Grammar, sarf-o-naho, byakaran : the or- 
thographical and etymological parts of — , 
sarf: rules of —, ka'ida. 

Grammarian, sarfT-nahwi, ka'ida-dan. 

Grammatical, ba-ka'ida, marbiit. 



2310 



GRA 



Grammatically, ba-ka'ida, rabt se. 
Granary, ambar, ambar-khana, makhzan, 

gola, ganj, bakharl, kothi, kotha : subter- 

raneom — , khat. 
Grand, bara, azim, kabir, ali-shan, sharlf. 
Grandchild, (iy a son) pisar-zada, pota, 

(Jem.) poti, {grandson by a daughter) na- 

ti, nawasa, [granddaughter by a daughter) 

nawasi, natin. 
Granddaughter, {by a son) potT, {by a 

daughter) nawasi : great — , par-potri. 
Grandee, umda, amir, buzurg, rukn. 
Grandees, arkau-i-daulat, ashraf, umara. 
Grandeur, bara'I, buzurgi, azamat, {state) 

shukoh, shaukat, {dignity) hashmat. 
Grandfather, jadd, {paternal) pita-maha, 

dada, aja, {maternal) nana: paternal great 

— ,par-dada: maternal great — , par-nana. 
Paternal GRAyoFATUKR's family, dadiyal. 
J/a/eraa/GRANDFATHER's/am!7y,naiihiyal. 
Great Grandfather, {paternal) par-dada, 

{maternal) par-nanii. 
Great Grandmother, {paternal) par-da- 

di, {maternal) par-nani. 
Grandson, {son's son) pota, pautra, nabl- 

ra, {daughter's son) nati, nawasa : great 

— , par-pota, par-potra. 
Grant, {verb, imperative) man, mano, ma- 

noii, manahu, (stibst.) bakhshish, in'am, 

dan, ata, {in writing) sanad, farman, par- 

wana, sasan, {royal) altamgha, tamgha. 
To Grant, {bestow) bakhshna, dena, mar- 

hamat *., inayat i., {allow) dena, farz t., 

manna, kabiil i., (deign) farmana. 
Granted, bi-l-farz : to be — , arzani h. 
Grantee, mauhub lahu. Granting, 1854. 
Grantor, data, wahib, bakhshanda. 
To Granulate, (to become as small grains) 

dana-dar bojana, (as in wounds) angurana. 
Gran ul ate D,danadar,(wowrtrf*)angurbasta. 
Granulations in a healing sore, angur. 
GRANuLOus,dane-dar,dana-dana,rawe-dar. 
Grape, angur,tak. Small driedGv.A.PESwith- 

out atones, kishmish : unripe — , ghura. 
Grapnel, chhota langar, (Roeb.) gribli. 
To Grapple, sakht karke pakarna, pech k. 
Grappling-iron, (dakh.) ankora. 
Grasp, kabza, panja, changul, girift, muth, 

(of the two arms) ghapchi. 
To Grasp, hath se pakarna, gahna, girift k. 
Grass, ghas, giyah, trin, fdaf, kah, nabat : 

— and mud mixed to plaster walla with, 
kah-gil : — of the roots of which tattis 
are made, khas : instrument for scraping 
— for horses, khurpa : kind or name of 
— , bena, beb, dub, janewa, bamll, iilfi, 
motha, gandar, ganjar, kharhi, kaiis, chak- 
siini, khadi, lapta, nagar-motha : kind of 

— of which rope is made, kiis, munj : sa- 
cred or sacrificial — , dab, kush, kiuha : 



GRE 

— cutter, gbasiyara : — green, dubiya : 

— plot, sabza-zar, chaman. 
Grasshopper, tidda, phanga : brown — , 

(dakh.) tidda : large green — , (dakh.) sal. 
Grassy, ghaslla, hariyala, harilii. 
Grate, (for fire) atasb-kada, (dakh.) age- 

tl, (lattice) jail, jhanjhrl. 
To Grate, kirku-ana, ragarna, ghisna. 
Grated, (latticed) mushabbak. 
Grateful, shukr-guzar, hakk-shinas, 1379, 

(pleasing) khush, makbul, man-manta. 
Gratefully, shakirana, shukr se. 
Grater, ek kism ki sohan, (for pumpiom, 

i,-c.) bila'i, kada-kash. 
Gratification, tafilh, santokh, lutf. 
Gratified, santusht : to be — , chhakna. 
To Gratify, khush k., razi k. 
Grating, (lattice, q. v.) jal, (sound) sarir. 
Gratis, muft, sent, talfa, ra'egan, audan, 

(dakh.) chup. 
Gratitude, shukr, shukriina, shukr-guzari; 

bound in — , marbiin-i-minnat. 
Gratuitous, ikhtiyiiri, (gratis) ra'egan. 
Gratuitously, muft. 
Gratuity, ajr, bakhshish, 201, 1926. 
Grave, (adj. sedate) gambhir, mutafakkir, 

dhlra, (weighty) sanjida, bharl, muhimm, 

(terrible) muhib, (subst.) kabr, gor, tur- 

bat, madfan : — clothes, kafan: — digger, 

gor-kan, kabr-kan. 
To Grave, khodna, kanda k. 
Gravel, patthri, kankarl, kankar, sang-re- 

za : the — , patthri, sang-i-masana. 
To Gravel, kankar dalna, sangrezT bichhana. 
GRAVELLY,kankrela. GRAVELY,sanjidagIse. 
To Gravitate, markaz kl taraf ma'il h. 
Gravitation, markaz kl taraf mailan. 
Gravity, sanjidagi, wakar, (weight) wazn. 
Gravy, ab-i-gosbt, yakhni, ab-josh. 
Gray, kabrfi, khakistarl, (a« hair) til-cha'oli, 

(as a horse) ash'hab, surkba. 
2'oGRAZE(».B.)chai-na,chugna,(».a.)charana 
Grazier, charwaha, gallabiin, (r/aiA.)gauli. 
Animal that Grazes, chariik, charand. 
Grazing, (subst.) charna, oharan, chara'i, 

(adj.) charan, charand : — cattle, rakh- 

wali, (at night) pasar. 
Grease, charbT, plh, pi, ranghan, chupar. 
To Grease, chuparna, charbi malna. 
Greasiness, chikniihat, charbi-,(larl. 
GREASY,cliarbi-dar, chiknil, (as cloih)cbikat. 
Great, bara, buzurg, bhari, mota, mih, 

ilzlm, kabir, kalan, bisal, (dakh.) bukka, 

danna, (much) bahut, adhik, (violent) sha- 

did, sakht, (m compos.) shah, maha : — 

and small, chhota-bara, nakir-o-kitmir : 

the — , akabir, izam, kubara. 
Greater, a'zam, akbar, (eWer)bara, 1924. 
Greatest, sab sebara, sab kfi bapa, a'zam. 
Greatly, nihfiyat, nipat, bahut. 



GRI 

Greatness, bara'I, kalani, mahima, mota'I, 
(dignity) umdagi, shan, shaukat, (gran- 
deur) azamat, barapa, buzurgi, mahat ; to 
affect — , asman par khainchna. 

Grecian, {subst. or adj.) rCimi, yiinanl. 

Greece, yunan,riim. Greedily, harlsana. 

GREEDiNESS,hirs,lalach,tama",((iai/i.)i344. 

Greedy, IjirsI, liarls, liilcbl, (dakh.) saurati, 
(ravenous) mar-bhukkha, (dakh.) 2022. 

Greek, javan, yunanl. Greeks, yiinaniyan. 

Green, bara, sabz, hariyala, barlla, (dakh.) 
harya, (fresh) taza, tar-o-taza, ratb, sar- 
-sabz, shadab, (unripe) kham, kachcha, 
gadra, (inexperienced) kachcha, anarl : — 
corn, khawid : — field, khawld : — grass, 
khawld : — grocer, tara-farosh : — herb- 
age or tree, ruth : — house, makan jis 
men pardesi peron ko tar-o-taza rakhte 
bain: — mould on walls, ^c, ka'i : — 
scum on pools, ka'i : — vegetation at the 
bottom of pools. Sec, siwar : a — , sabza- 
-zar, margh-zar : a light — colour, dhani: 
pea — colour, pista'i rang : to become or 
wax — , hariyana. 

Greenness, bara'I, sabzi, hariyall, kabi. 

Greens, sag, sag-pat, tara, sabzl, tarkari : 
— dressed with pulse, sag-pahta. 

To Greet, salam k., dast ba-sar h. 

Greeting, salam, salamun alaika, ramriim. 

Grenade, ban. Grenadier, lamba sipahi. 

Grendam character, girandham. 

Grewia asiatica, pbalsa, shakarl. 

Grey, see Gray : — haired, zal. 

To turn Grey, (hairs) pakna. 

Greybeard, sufaid-rlsh, bOrba'adml. 

Greyhound, tazi kutta, shikari kutta. 

Greyness, shaib. Gridiron, gosht pakane 
ke liye lobe kl jhanjhrl. 

Grief, gham, ranj, sog, alam, dukh, andob, 
hamm, khed, malal, huzn, matam, sok, 
ranjish : to add one — or vexation to an- 
other, kate par namak lagana. 

Grievance, sakhtl, sabab-i-alam, ranj. 

To Grieve, (lament, mourn) kurhna, afsos 
k., gham k., (repent) ta'assuf k., pachh- 
tana, (v. a. afflict, displease) ranjida *., 
satilna, kurhana. Grieved, ghami, gham- 
-gln, dukhiyara, hazin, malftl : to be — , 
kalapna : to be — in mind, man-marna. 

Grievous, dard-angez, sogi, (severe) sakht. 

Griffin, simurgh. Tb Grill, bhiinna. 

Grilled, biryan : to be — , bhunnii. 

Grim, muhIb, haibatniik, zisht-rii. 

Grimace, khis, bandar-bha'o. 

7'omaAeGRiMACES,khIsnikrdna,(rfaM.)870 

Grimalkin, mano. Grimly, haibatse. 

Grimness, haibat, haul, zisht-rfi'I. 

Grin, khIs, diint-dikha'I, muskan : (0 — , 
khisna, khIs nikiilna, khisiynnil, (dakh.) 
dantaii hichakna, (smile) muskuraaa. 



GRO 

To Grind, pTsna, pisana, jhurna, bukna, 
misna, {sharpen) bar rf., bar rakhna, (op- 
press) satana, nichorna : — coarsely, dal- 
na : — the teeth, kiclikichana, kharkharana. 

Grinder, pTsae-wala, (tooth) darh, (mill) 
clmkkl. Grinding the teeth, kliaskhasa. 

Grindstone, san, kharsan, sang-i-fisan. 

Grinning, (sul/st.) kalakh, muskurahat. 

Gripe, kabza, pakar, (of a how) sesar. 

To (iiui'K, (KikaniS, nocbna, gahna, (give 
pn'ui) maionul, ]iechish k., (as money) 
dub rakhna. To be Griped, pet katna. 

Gripes, pechish, kukri, (in a horse) 1576. 

Griping on s/oitiy to stool, kharbarahat. 

Grislea tomentosa, dharl, dba'o, dhau. 

Gristle, ghuzruf, (dakh.) kauulihaddl. 

Grit, patthri, kankar, (dakh.) kirak. 

Grittiness, kirkirahat, (in bread) l6-2i. 

Gritty, kiikira: to be — , kirkirana, 1563. 

Groan, zfir, nalish : to — , karahna, 1088. 

Groaning, (arf;.) karabta bu'a, (subst.)z3.ri. 

Grocer, bakkal, pasari. Grocery, kirana. 

Groin, chaddha, (dakh.) chadda. 

GROOM,sa'Is,nafar,sarraj,charwadar,((faiA.) 
kazdar : business of a — , sa'isT, nafarl. 

Groove, sinka, jauf, ghar, (dakh.) nab. 

To Groove, sinke baDana, kbodna. 

To Grope, tatoln.a, tona,((7aAA.)dhandolna. 

Groping, (part.) tapa-to'a, (subst.) to'a. 

Gross, (adj.) mota, jasim, kalan, (dakh.) 
bafler, (o5seeKe)fahish,gbalTz, (coarse)g\ui- 
da, pur-kfir, (dakh.) khadar, (subst.) maj- 
mu'a, kull, sab. 

Grossly, nihayat, iiipat, gustakhi se. 

Crossness-, mota'I, (obscenity) fuhsh. 

Grot, Grotto, gbar, kalif, hujra. 

Grove, bagh, kunj, darakhton ka jhund. 

To Grovel, zaialat ikbtiyar k., faromayaA. 

Grovelling, faromaya, nicb, khafif, paji. 

Ground, (part.) pisa hu'a, (subst.) zamin, 
bhum, mitti, (foundation) bunyad, jar, 
asl, (reason) ba'is, sabab, mujib, (inpaint- 
ing) zamin, (field of battle) maidan, khet: 

— that produces two crops yearly, jhun- 
thar : — tilled and sown, shaAkTir: coarsely 
— , jau-kob : — small, khurd-kham. 

To Ground, zamin par rakhna, thahranil, 
(in science) pura k., ta'lim k., sikhlana. 

To be Ground, pisna, misna. 

Groundless, be thaur-thikane, be-ba'is. 

Grounds, (dregs) talchhat, (proofs) dali'il. 

Groundwork, bunyad, paya. 

Group, zumra,gurob,majmu'a, (dakh.)tola.. 

To Grow, (vegetate) ugna, jamna, (increase) 
barhna, (be produced) upajna, paida h., 
(as fruit) phalna, (improve) tarakki k. , 
(become) hoj., (jiroceed) nikahia, (adhere) 
lag^'., chipakj. Growing, (in compos.) 
TO, (adj.) nami, (subst.) nasbw, nasbat : 

— of itself without being sown, 1 000. 



GUI 

Tb Growl, donkna, gunjarna : «eeGRUMBLE. 

Grown, balida, rusta : — up, siyana : full 
— , 1549. Growth, namw, namiya, 
ro'idagi : power of — , kfiwiil-i-namiya. 

Grub, kira. To Grub, ukharna,khod-(ilalna. 

Grudge, kina, rasbk, kapat, lag, bair. 

To Grudge, daregh k., dah rakhna. 

Gruel, ash, asb-i-jau : rice — , mand. 

Gruff, tursb, turshru, durusht, talkh, kara. 

To Grumble, garajna, barbarfina, tarrana, 
1477, (the bowels) kulbulana, 1657, 1518. 

Grumbler, barbariya. Grumbling, 1511. 

To Grunt, kankhna, (dakh.) 1674. 

Grvllus gryllotalpa, ghurghura. 

Guana, 1755. Guarantee, zamin, kafll. 

Guard, (watchman, q. v.) pasban, chauki- 
dar, nigahban, rakhwala, pahrQ'a, 680 : 
advanced — , pesh-rau : grand — , ka- 
rauli ; on one's — , cbaukanna, khabardar : 
station or house for a — , chauki, opchi- 
-khana, thana : rear — , chandawal : to be 
on one's guard, kbabardar h., bifazat k. .- 
to mount — , chauki d. . to put on one's 
— , kbabardar k., hushyar *. 

To Guard, himayati., bachana, 2041. 

Guarded, mahrus, muhtat, malifuz. 

Guard-house, naubat-kbana.chauki-khana. 

Guardian, (trustee) amanat-dar, amin, 
(keeper) rakhwala, nigahban : — deity of 
a region, &fc., 1051. 

Guardianship, amini, amanat-darl, 2080. 

Guarding, (adj.) muhit, (subst.) pasbani. 

Guava, bihi, amrit, safri-am, (dakh.) jam. 

Guebre, atasb-parast, majiis, tarsa. 

Guess, atkal, takhmlna, kiyas, andaz, anu- 
man, pindar : by — , takhminan. 

To Guess, atkalna, tarna, bhilphna, 1525. 

GvEssiT^Gwhatis to happenMhahar-i-khizri. 

Guest, mihman, zaif, paliun, atith, jils. 

Gugglet, kiza, surahl, gagrl. Guggling, 
kulkul : — noise in the throat, ghare'o. 

Guidance, rahbari, rabnuma'I, agwa'T. 

Guide, rabbar, rahnuma, peshwa, agwa, 
(index) namud : spiritual — , mursbid. 

To Guide, rah batana, rahnuma'I k. 

Guided, muhtadi, (by heaven) rashld. 

Guiding, (adj.) rahnuma, (subst.) nit. 

Guilandina bonduccella, katkaranj, katka- 
lejl, (fruit) 1687 : — moringa, ban. 

Guile, Jul, fareb, Ma, (dakh.) natagi, 631. 

Without Guile, Guileless, be-riya, 403. 

Guilt, pap, taksir, gunah, kusur, khata. 

Guiltiness, gunahgarl, taksirwari. 

Guiltless, begunah, bari, mubarra. 

Guiltlessness, begunahl, betakslri. 

Guilty, gunahgar, mujrim, taksTrwar, 1850. 

Guinea worm, jalsut,nabarii'a,(rfa^A.)narii. 

Guise, surat, shakl, (dress) bhes, bbesh. 

Guitar, sitai', bin, tambur, chang, kitar, 
(dakh.) sarod, (with two strings) do-tara : 



HAG 



2311 



instrument used to strike the strings of a 
— , nakliuna ; a player on the — , sitariya. 

Gulf, babr, ka'r, girdab, (dakh.) gahra. 

Gull, (bird) kighazl. 7o Gull, thagna. 

Gullet, gala, marl, gulu, hulkum, narkhari. 

Gulp, ghunt, ghut : to — ■, gapakna, 1754. 

Gum, gond, samagb, shilam : — ammoniac, 
samaghl)amama,ushak: — Arabic, ^amgh- 
-i-arabl, 544 : producing — , (a tree) gande- 
la : instrument for spreading — on sealing 
letters, gond-kash : vessel in which — is 
kept to seal letters with, gond-dani : kind 
of — , loban, sikbinaj, kandal, gaw-shir, 
1079 : (oftheeyes)c\n-pti, kichra, chlnpra. 

To have Gummy running at the eyes, 1563. 

Gums, (of the teeth) masura, (dakh.) masore. 

Gun, top, zamburak, gajnal, (musket) ban- 
duk : — barrel, nail : — carriage, araba. 

Gunner, gol-andaz, gul-chala, bandhani. 

Gunnery, gol-andazi. Gunpowder, barut. 

Gunstock, kunda. 

Gunwale, jahaz ka sina-panah. 

To Gurgle, (dakh.) barbar k., kulkul k. 

Sudden Gush of water, lalak. 

roGusH,umadna,josh sejarM.,phut nikalna. 

Gust, (of tcind) jhskon, jhok, (taste) maza. 

Gut, Guts, antrl, antriyan, roda, ant. 

GuTTA Serena, motiya-bind. 

Gutter, nala, muhrl, parnala, painala. 

Guttural, halkl. To Guzzle, ziyada pina. 

Gymnasium, warzishgah, kushtlkaakhara. 

Gynandropsis pentaphylla, buriur, huUul. 



H 

Ha ! wah-wah, aya, aho. Ha ! ha ! haha. 

Haberdasher, bisatl, parche-wala, paikar. 

Habiliment, poshak, libas, kapra. 

Habit, (dress, q. v.) kapra, poshak, libas, 
(custom) kho, kbaslat, rit, adat, sbewa, 
ma'mul, (of body) mizaj, tabl'at, sarisht : 
bad — , ku-te'o, lapka : to acquire a — , 
kb o dalna, waz* nikalna. 

Habitable, maskun, rabne-jog. 

Habitation, ghar, hawell, bati, maskan, 
(act of dwelling) sukunat, istikamat. 

Habitations, amakin, masakin. 

Habits, rah-rawisb : bad — , lat : of bad 
— , lat-zada, latiya : of good — , nek-kbo. 

Habitual, ma'miill, rasmi, dasturi. 

Habitually, rasmiyat se, ma'miil se. 

To Habituate, kho dalna, sadhna. 

Habituated, adi, khogar, abhyasl. 

To Hack, cbhenchna, tukre purze k. 

Hackney, kirayekiighora, bhare ka gbora. 

Haft, dasta, kabza, miith, (dakh.) mutb. 

Hag, churail, kankalin, bad-surat aurat. 

Hagar's well, zamzam. 

Haggard, Haggish, zisbt-ru, (dakh.)aS^. 



2312 



HAL 



Haggis, ek kism ka khana ya sUan, kulma. 

To Haggle, ragar jhagar machana, {man- 
gle) kat-kut *. Hah ! iih. 

Hail, {suhst.) ola, zhala, tagarg, patthar, 
{dakh.) ol, gar, (interj.) mubarak, 1831. 

To Hail, ole parna, zhala barasna, {salute) 
salam k., mubardk-bad kahna. 

Hair, bal, mu, pashm, kach : — braided 
behind, chonti : — braided on the top of 
the head, chonda : — bi/ — . mu-ba-mfi : 

— of the back part of the head, jhontil : 

— ofthehead, kes : — of the head braided 
or tied tip on the top of the head, khon- 
pa : — of the private parts, jhaat, mu'e- 
-nihaui : — riband, mu-baf : — standing 
on end, kusha'rira : — twisted or plaited 
behind, bindi, jura, choti : — on new- 
-bom infants, akika : false — mixed with 
the real, chontla : matted — , jat, jata : 
small — of the body, ro'an, rom, rungta : 
the — cut in a circular form, girda : to 
adjust the — , kanghi sanwarna : with a 

fine head of — , {a child) jhandula : — 
cloth glove used in rubbing a horse, path!. 

Hairbreadth, sar-i-mu, bal-barabar. 

Hairiness, baldari, pur-mu'I. 

Hairless, bebiil. 

Falling off of the Hairs, khaura : small — 
of the lips before the beard grows, masen : 
standing of the — on end, rungte khare 
h. to have the — standing on end, sahrana. 

Hairy, mu'e-dar, bal-pur, pashmi, lomi. 

Halberd, gaiidasa. 

Hale, bhala-changa, tandurust, kawl. 

To Hale, ghasltna, {dakh.) ghansetna. 

Half, adha, arddh, nisf, niin, {dakh.) ada, 
{in compos.) adha, adh, adh or ad : — a 
damri, addhi : — a hide, adhauri: — and 
— , nisf-a-nisf, nisfU-nisfi : — a paisd, 
adhela : — a piece of cloth, adhwar, 
addhi : — a rupee, Si^c, adheli : — 
as much again, dewrha, daurhi : — 
o tax or duty, adh-kar : — the body, 
ardhang : to assume a body — male and 

— female, ardhang dharna : — baked 
earthenware, sewra : — blown, {a flower) 
ad-kliila: — boiled, {grain) banjarl, {soup) 
kham-slmru'a ; — burnt, adh-jala, lukat: 

— cooked, nim-pukht : — dead, ad-ma- 
ra, ad-mu'a, adh-mii'a, 75, 2108 : — 
dressed, mlhitTii, (»(c<Ma/») adh-kachra : — 
dried, pharahra, pharahri : — driven, {as 
a stake) ad-garha : — eaten, nim-khurda : 

— killed, nim-kushta : — of any thing, 
adh-wan : — open, ad-khola, mm-baz : — 
pronounced, ad-zabiin : — ready, adhfira : 

— ripe, adh-pakka, adh-kachcha, 210B, 
{grain or fruit) gildar, 1689 : — roasted, 
riltn-soz : — satisfied, nim-razt : — ut- 
tered, adh-kaha : — washed, kham-iibob : 



HAN 

two and a — , arha'i : with a — , sarhe. 

Hall, dalan, aiwan, {dakh.) sufa, 1262 ; — 
of audience, darbar, diwan-khana, yatash- 
-khana : — of justice, daru-1-adalat, ka- 
chahri : outer — , dar-dalan : public — of 
audience, diwan-i-amm. 

To Halloo, {shout to) dapatna, lalkarna, 
{incite) hulkarna, {dakh.) hushkalna. 

To Hallow, mukaddas k., pratishtha k. 

Hallowed, mukaddas. 

Hallucination, dhokha, chuk. 

HALO,hala, kundal, mandal, (daiA.) khalla. 

Halt, {adj.) lang, langra, {subst.) langra'i, 
{stay) raha'ish, raha'o : to — , {limp) lan- 
grana, lang khana, {stop) utarna, tikna, 
thahama, {hesitate) pas pesh k., aga 
pichha k., {falter) haklana, luknat k. 

Halter, kamand, palahang, {for leading 
horses)bag-dor, {forhorses, dogs, 4'c.) 41 3. 

Halting, {of an army) makam : — place, 
para'o. To Halve, adhyana, do-nim k. 

Halved, do-para, nisRiuisf./reHALVES, 2066. 

Ham, jangh, zanu kl pichhli taraf, {thigh of 
the hog) su'ar ki namak-aluda ran, ran, 
{son of Noah) ham. 

Hamlet, khera, tol, chhot! bastl. 

Hammer, mekh-chu, martol,martol,((?aiA.) 
fizl, baton, hathaurl, {of a gun) chutki. 

To Hammer, thonkna, hathaurl se thonkna. 

Sound of Hammering, dharalla : to form 
by — , garhna, garhana. 

Hammock, dulara. Hamper, dala, tokri. 

To Hamper, uljhana, phansana, atkana. 

Hamstring, khunch : to — , khunch mama. 

Hand, hath, dast, muth, changul, {mea- 
sure) cha'o, {side) taraf, {writing) khatt : 
expanded — , chang : — of a watch, ^-e., 
mikyas : — to — , ghat-pat : at — , mau- 
jud : from — to — , dast ba-dast : having 
the — luxated or withered, shaU : out of 
— , hathon-hath : to be at — , dar pai h., 
dar pai rahna : in — , ba-dast : to be in — , 
banaya^'., darpesh h. : — breadth, char- 
-ungal : — cuff or cuffs, hath-kari, {dakh.) 
khora : — gallop, poya. 

To Hand, {give) hathon-hath sompna, dena, 
hawale k., {guide) hath pakarke lejana. 

To be Handed down, {by tradition) sina 
ba-sina ana. 

Handful, dasta, muthi, muthi-bhar, buk- 
ka, bukki, lap, lap-bhar, musht, {few) 
thore, kalil. Handicraft, dastkari. 

Handicraftsman, dastkar. 

Handiness, dastkari, dast-kabiliyat. 

Handwork, karigari, dastkari, ?an'at. 

Handkerchief, rumal, angochha, dastmiil, 
{folded diagonally) singharii, {tied round 
the head) ka?aba, (tied over tfie turband 
and over the ears) dhata, {u^ed as a sling 
for the arm) galjandfa. 



HAR 

Handle, dasta, bent, kabza, muth, dandi, 
{pretence) hila, bahana, takrib, {for turn- 
ing a spinning-wheel) gherni, {of a bow) 
shast, {of a door) kara, {of a shield) parj. 

To Handle, gahna, hath lagana, chhuna, 
chherna, tona, pakarna, {mention) bayan 
k., zikr A., {treat) mu'amala *., suluk k. 

Handlers, tonta, tunda, a-kar. 

Handmaid, saheli, {dakh.) khidmatgarni. 

Handmill, chakki, dalenti, jfinta (760). 

To join the Hands in a supplicating pos- 
ture, hath bandhna : to lose the power of 
the — , hath jhuta h. : with close — , 
dast-basta. Handsaw, minshar, ari. 

Handsel, buhni, {dakh.) bhoni. 

Handsome, khiibsurat. rupwant, suthra, 
sundar, kabul-surat, shakil, surup, sajdar. 

Handsomeness, klmbsiirati, jamal, 12(38. 

Handwriting, khatt, dast-khatt. kalam. 

Handy, chalak-dast, {suitable) dastkabil. 

To Hang, {dangle, v. n.) latakna, hilagna, 
{suspend) latkana, awez*., jhulna, {stran- 
gle) phaiisi d. , gala phansna, {be delayed) 
atakna, {be dependant on) rahna, para rah- 
na, {cover) mai-hn.! : — back, chiitar sa- 
korna. To be Hanged, phaiisi parna. 

Hanger, {sword) nimcha. 

Hanger-on, daman-gir," muft-khor. 

Hanging, latak, latka'o, {in compos, adj.) 
awez, {subst.) awezi : to kill or execute 
by — , gal d. Hangings, diwar-giri. 

Hangman, jallad, dar-kash. 

Hank, atti, pheiiti, kalaba, anti, lachchha. 

To Hanker after, ji lagna, ji daurana. 

Hap, Haphazard, ittiftik, sanjtog, hadisa. 

Hapless, kam-bakht, be-nasib, abhagi. 

Let what will Happen, harchi-bada-bad : 
may it — , kashke : to — , parna, an-parna. 

Happily, khushi se, ba-khair o khiibi. 

Happiness, anand, kamrani, kamgari, kam- 
yabi, sa'adat, sukh, bakhtawari -.final and 
eternal — , mochh. 

Happy, kamran,kamyab, khush-hal. klmsh- 
-dil, khujista, {fortunate) nasibwar, sa'id, 
bakhtyiir, farrukh, humayun, baliramand; 
finally — , mukt : — times, roz-bih : how 
— !, — !, khusha : to be — , gajna. 

Harangue, khitfib, kalam, iz'har, takrir. 

To Harass, aziyat d., satana, tasdi' d. 

To be Harassed, barah bat h., ba-tang h. 

Harbinger, daurahii, payik, agwa, bakara. 

Harbour, bandar, hifazat panah ki jagah. 

To Harbour, {v. a.) panah d., {v. n.) pa- 



Hard, {adj.) sakht, kara, {difficult) mush- 
kil, dushwar, kathin, {cruel) sang-dil, ka- 
tar, be-rahm, durusht, {severe) shadid, 
bhiiri, {solid) mazbut, sangiu, {stingy) 
tang-chashm, juz-ias, {adv. close) pas, 
Ijarib, {swiftly) jaldi, shitiibi, {violently) 



HAS 

shiddat se, zor se : — by, nazdik, kg- 
-bhag : — tn be got or met with, dur- 

labh : rendered — to be broken, {an oath) 

mugLallaza : to be — , karrann, : to be — 

of hearing, uncha sunna : to become — , 

pathrana. 
Hardfavohred, tursh-ru, zisht-ru, rurh. 
Hardhearted, sang-dil, sangin-dil, katar. 
Hardheartedness, sangdili, berahml. 
Hardihood, dileri. Hardiness, {stout- 
ness) mazbuti, paurha'I, {bravery) dileri, 

mardfmagl, {effrontery) gustakhl, dbitha'I. 
Hardly, {with difficulty) muslikil se, dik- 

kat se, {oppressively) sakhtl se, {barely) 

thora sa, kam, shazz. 
Hardmoothed, {a horse) bad-lagam. 
Hardness, saldjtl, mazbuti, sangini, {dif- 
ficulty) dushwarl, {severity) dm-usbti : — 

of heart, kasawat, sang -dill. 
Hardship, sakhtl, kasht, su'ubat, takllf. 
Hardware, lokhar: — man, lobar, kasera. 
Hardy, char-shana, chimra, paurha, maz- 

but, {brave) diler, mardana, {bold) gus- 

takh, dhltb, be-adab. 
Hare, khargosh, sasa, lamkana, lambha. 
Harebrained, kbalal-i-dima gh , chancbal. 
Harem, Ijaram : women of the — , mastiirat. 
Hark ! suno-suno, kan de'o, dekho-dekbo. 
Harlequin, maskhara, bhand, tamashagar. 
Harlot, beswa, clihinal, fahisba, Imrakal. 
Harlotry, clibinal-panii, zinakari. 
Harm, Izii, rauj, gazaud, {injury) zarar, zi- 

yan, tota, nuksan, {crime) guniib, taksir; 

to — , saf^ana, nuksaa pahunchana. 
Harmless, bhola, sidha, be-nuksan. 
Harmonicon, jal-tarang. 
Harmonious, bam-ahang, ham-nafs, 1062. 
Harmony, tarana, khush-iihangl, {accord) 

darasazi, mel : to live together in — , 1951. 
Harness, saz, saj, saman, {armour) siliih. 
HARP,cbang,kaniin,barbat.HARPER,cliangI. 
Harridan, bazar-ga'ida, piroza'if cbhinal. 
Harrow, benga, ma'I, sarawan, machl. 
To Harrow, cblma, bidabna, henga pherna. 
Harsh, durusbt, kara, na-khusb, {to the 

taste) tursb, {to the ear) talkb-go, riikba, 

sakbt, {morose) tursh-mizaj. 
Harshness, durushtl, tursha'i, turshi, khu- 

shunat, sakhtl. {of language) sakht-go'I. 
Hart, haran, harnii, mirg, ahii. 
Harvest, firman, fasl,katni,wakt-l-dirau. 
Having three Harvests, si-fasla. 
Hash, yakhni, kima. Hasp, kulaba. 
Haste, shitabi, jaldl, uta'oll, chatpati, ta'- 

jU, beg, {passion) jbunjhlahat : to go in 

— , hal hal chalna. 
To Haste, maie Haste, Hasten, jaldl i., 

dbana, pesh-dasti k., 819, {v. a.) cbalana. 
Making Haste, {s-ubst.) mubadarat. 
Hastening, isti'jal, {pari.) ajil, 1698. 



HEA 

IlASTiLY,shitabI,ibara-jhar,jaldIsc,(ra»7(/3/) 
be-tadbiri se : travelling — , garm-rah. 

Hastiness, chatpati, jaldl, {rashness) be- 
-tadblrl, be-lihazi, {of temper) tundl. 

Hasty, jald, sbitiib, {rash) be-tadblr, uta'- 
ola, be-lihaz, (passionate) tund-kho. 

Hasty pudding, faliida, laps!. 

Hat, topi : one who wears a — , topl-wala. 

Hatch, {brood) fiiol, {dakh.) manda : see 
Hatchway. To Hatch, sewna, andese 
bachcha nikalna, {plot) bandishi., {con- 
trive) dhyan se ikhtira' *. 

Hatchet, tabar, pharsa, kulhari, tangl. 

Hatchway, pbalka or falka {Roeb.). 

Hate, adilwat, nafrat, bad-kh\yahl, ghin. 

To Hate, nafrat *., makriib janna, 1019. 

Hated, Hateful, makriib, mabghiiz. 

Hatred, bad-khwahl. karahiyat: see Hate. 

Hatter, topi-banane-wala, kuliih-saz. 

To Have, rakbna, pana, dharna, pakarna. 

Haven, kol, bandar, panah, hi0zat-gah. 

Havener, shab-i-bandar, Ijakim-i-bandar. 

Haughtily, ghuriir se, hikarat se. 

Haughtiness, dimagb, nakhwat. ghamand, 
ghuriir, takabbur, kibr, istihkar. 

Haughty, mutakabbir, maghriir, magrii. 

Having, dar, mand, war, war, {prefix) zu. 

To Haul, gbasitna, khaiiichna, Inchnii. 

Haunch, ran, jangh, kiilil, {dakh.) phara. 

Haunt, dih, adda, akhara. 

Havock, nirani, kharabi. tabahl, fana. 

Hautboy, surna.surna'e: — /)/a3^er,surnachi. 

Haw or web in the eye, nakhuna. 

Hawk, jurra, {fern.) baz, {species of) bah- 
rl, basha, {dakh.) chipkha, {fern.) bashin, 
kohl, tonwa, turmati, {young) chiiz. 

To Hawk, {let fiy hawks) baz ka sbikiir 
khelna, {expectorate) khankbarnii, {cry 
goods) bechta phirna. 

Hawker, pherl-wala, dast-farosh. 

Hawser, chhota hamar {Roeb.). 

Hay, sCikhi ghas, rakhi, Slaf, kab. 

To make Hay while the sun shines, 391. 

Hazard, {risk) khatra, mukhatara. jokhim, 
{gambling) bar-jit : game of — , jii'a, ki- 
marbiizl ; — table, but. 

ToHazard, {runthe — , v. n.) jokhim utha- 
nii, 832, 759, {v. a.) khatre men dilna. 

Hazardous, khatar-nak. jokhimi, ittifaki. 

One who vHllingly Hazards life, iida'I. 

Haziness, dhundh, kuhasa, kudiirat(?). 

He, wuh, wah, wo, o, so, yah, yih, us-ne, 
is-ne, {male) nar, narukh : — who, man. 

Head, sir, sis, sar, mund, munda, mundiya, 
mastak, mimdl, {extremity) sira, {summit) 
fark, {chief) ra'is, salar, {chapter) bab : 

— and foot -parts of a bedframe, seru'a : 

— of an arrow, paikan, bhal : — of cattle, 
riis : — of a paper kite, munda: — of a 
tomb or bedstead, sirhana : beating the —, 

7 Y 



HE.i 



2313 



sar-kob -.from — to foot, sir-a-pa, sir-o- 
-pa : hanging the — , sar-nigiin, nigunsar: 
hanging the — aside, sar dar-kanar : over 
the — , {dakh.) XMa po : to beat one's — 
with vexation, sirdhunna : to move {the — ) 
up and down, jhumna : to shake the — 
from affliction, sir dulana. 

Headach, dard-i-sar, {dakh.) sir-phorl. 

Headed, {as a drum) mafha. 

He hD foremost, — long, sir ke bhal. 

Heading, {of a drum, ^e.) marhan. 

Headless body or trunk, rund, kabandh. 

Head-man, sardar, mund, {dakh.) natam- 
gar : — of an office, darogba : {of a trade) 
chaudharl, {of a village) patel, dihkan. 

Head-shaven, mfmrla. Headstall, sar- 
-duwal : part of the — of a bridle, 171 3. 

Headstrong, sar-zor, munh-zor, be-salah. 

Heady, {intoxicating) nasblla, nasha-dar. 

To Heal, dawai., {a wound, v.n.) bhama. 

The being Healed, {of a wound) indimal. 

Healer, sbafi. Healing, {adj.) shafi, shi- 
fa-bakbsh, {rnbst.) shifa, mu'alaja, {of a 
wound) iltiyam. 

Health, Healthiness, sihhat, aram,bih- 
budi, arogya, tan-durusti, afiyat, kusal. 

In Health, HEALTHY.achchha, bhala, bha- 
la-ehanga,tandurust: — andvigorous,S44. 

Healthily, ba-sihhat, tandurusti se. 

Heap, dber, ambar, dherl, atala, ganj, {of 
baggage, ^c.) atal, {of bamboos) thana, 
{of grain, &fc.) tal, {of grass) kharhi : to 
—, jam' k., tal k., thopna, piitna. 

HEAPED«p,mutariikim.HEAPiNG!/^,sanchai. 

To Hear, sunna, istima' k., {listen to) kan 
dharna, kan d. : to cause — , sunana, gosh- 
-guzar *. .• to desire — , kan jhukana : to 
pretend not — , kan men tel dalna. 

Heard, masmii', shanida,gosh-gu2ar, (^i»c« 
ear to) mustajab : to be — , {a speech) 
kan men parna : ft to be — , shanldanl. 

Hearer, sami", sbinawa, niyiishanda, 1333. 

Hearing, mustami", {subst.) istima', sun- 
na, sama'at, {in compos.) niySsh : act of 
— , shanid, srawan : not — , na-shanau : 
sense of — , sami'a, kiiwat-i-sami'a. 

To Hearken, sunna, kiin dharna, kan d. 

Hearsay, afwah, shubra, sama'i bat. 

Heart, hridaya, hirad, hiya, dil, kalb, za- 
mlr, man, ghat, chit, {inner part) daruna, 
biitin, {courage) jan, jigar, kaleja, {me- 
mory) hafiza, bifz : brokenness of — , jigar- 
-chaki : by — , khatir-nishan, az-bar, nok- 
-i-zaban : to get by — , zaban-par charh- 
na, kanth karna : to obtain a place in 
one's — , dil men khub j. : to set one's — 
on, thanna, rnarua : to steal the — of any 
one, dil churana : with all my — , zauk se : 
with- — and hand, ba-sar-o-chashm : with — 
and soul, dil-o-janse, dida-o-dilse: with, 



2314 



HED 



in, or on the — , ba-dil : — allurini/, dil- 
-fareb, dil-sitan, chit-chor : — attracting, 
dil-kash: — breaking, jaji-kah: — broken, 
dil-afgar, dil-khasta, jigar-chak : — burn- 
ing, {sitbst.'j dil-taftagi, dil-sozl, sokhtagi, 
soz : — expanding, dil-kusha : — in- 
flamed, jigdiT-so)shta.: — piercing, dil-doz: 
— ravisher, dil-bar : — ravishing, {mbst.) 
dU-bari,(a4/)dil-ruba, manohar: — rend- 
ing, jigar-kharash, (subst.) jaib-chaki ; — 
stealing, dil-band, {subst.) dil-ruba'I. 
Heartache, dard-i-dil, andoh-i-khatir. 

Heartburn, waja'u-1-fawad, dard-i-mi"da : 

to have the — , chhati jalna. 
To Hearten, dUbarbaria,himmat baadhna. 

Hearth, chulha, chauka, atashdan, [dakh.) 
chuUa, cbula : — money, gbar-dwari. 

Heartily, dil-o-jan se, ba-dil, dil se. 

Heartiness, khulus, (eagerness) shauk. 

Heartless, be-dil, (cowardly) na-mard, 
buz-dil, (unfeeling) sang-dil, be-rahm. 

Hearts, kulub. Heartsick, afsurda-dil. 

Heart's desire, dil-khwab, (dakh.) man- 
-mangya. To one's Heart's wish or 
content, maa-mana, maa-manta. 

Heartstrixg, rag-i-dil. 

Heartwhole, sahih-o-salim. 

Hearty, dUI, kalbl, (sincere) saf, (healthy) 
bhala-changS, tan-durust, (strong) kawi. 

Heat, garmi, hararat, tapan, tapish, tiib, 
jalan, ushn, (dakh.) senka, (of the sun) 
dhup, (weather) garma, girekham, (pas- 
sion) gbazab, josb, (of a fire) jUar, jhal, 
(of pepper) jhal, jharap : great ■ — , dham- 
ka : oppressive — , ubh : to be oppressed 
with — , ubhna, taunsna. 

To Heat, garm *., ta'ona, tapna : — iron, 
dahkaiiii, ta'o d. To be Heated, tapna. 

Heath, jhar,jharl. Heathen, but-parast, 
kfifir, gabr. Heathenism, but-parastl. 

To Heave, uthana, ubharna, (plump up) 
phulna, phampna, (v. n.) uthna, (pant) 
hampna, haitiphna, (vomit) ubakna. 

Heaven, (sky) asmfin, gagan, t'alak, akas, 
sama, (place of the blessed) bihisht, jannat, 
baikunth : ninth — , arsh. 

Heavenlv, asmani, jannati, samawi, swar- 
gl, ghaibi : — bliss, param-gati : — Im- 
diea, aflak. Heavens, charkh, gardun : 
good — ! nam-i-khuda. 

Heavier, Heaviest, askal. 

Heavily, shiddat se. 

Heaviness, girani, bar, sakalat, (sadness) 
udasi, afsurdagi, (languor) sustT, kahili. 

Heavy, bharl, sakll, giran, sangin, garwa, 
(sad) udas, malul, (dull, drowsy) sust, ka- 
hil, sar-garan. Hebrew, ibranl, yahudi 

Hecate of the Hindis, kali. 

Hectick, madkuk : — fever, tap-i-dikk. 

Hkdgk, dhan, bar • lu enclose with a — , 321 . 



HEM 

To Hedge, bar lagana, (enclose) gbermi. 
Hedge-hog, khar-pusht. darraj, duldul. 
Hedger, bar-bandhnewala. 
Hedging-bill, da'o. 
Hedysarum aMa^i, jawasa: — gangeticum, 

salaparni : — sennoides, jangli muiiga. 
Heed, lihaz, dliyan, kbabardari, hoshyari. 
To Heed, manna, lihaz A., kbabardar h. 
Heedful, suchet, hoshyar, khabard.ar. 
Heedless, ghafil,be-khabar,achet,be-parwa. 
Heedlessness, ghaflat, bekhabri. 
Heel, eri, pashna, akab, (of a cock) Idiar. 
Hegira, hijrat. Heifer, osar, kalor. 
Heigh ! Heigh ho ! oho, allah allah. 
Height, uncha'i, raf'at, bulandi, irtifa", 
(dakh.) uncha'egi, (summit) &ni, intiha : 
a —, tekar, tekra, tila, (dakh.) tibba : 
greatest — of a mountain, dfing : in the 
— of, ain : in the — of the rains, aia 
barsat men. 
To Heighten, uthana, incha k., (improve) 
bihtar k., (exalt) charhana, barhana, rut- 
ba d., (aggravate) bhari k. 
Heinous, bahut bura, sharir, zabiin. 
Heinousness, zabuni, shararat, sakhti. 
Heir, waris, wall, khalaf, wali-ahd : — 
apparent, inv^ri), kunwara: state of being 
an — apparent, wali-ahdi. 
Heiress, warisa, zan-i-hakkdar. 
Heirless, la-waris. 
Heirloom, mal-i-mauriisi. 
Heirship, wirasat, wirasat ka istil.ikak. 
Helianthus annum, suraj-mukhT. 
Helicteres isora, maror-phall, (dakh.) 
maronkajhar. Helix, (toido/)shamuk. 
Hell, jahannam, dozakh, sakar, narak, ja- 
hlm, daru-1-bawar, patiil : in- — flames, 
fi-n-nar wa-s-sakar : lowest — , 113. 
HELLEBORE,kutki:i/acA; — ,(rfaA-A.)kaIikutki 
Hellish, jahannami, dozakhl, naiT. 
Helm, (rudder) patwar, patwal, sukkan. 
Helmet, top, khod, mighfar : iron — , 825. 
Helmintholitus Judaicus, or — echini, 

/3. a., hajaru-1-yahud. 
Helmsman, sukkani, karn-dhar, maujhi. 
Help, madad, Sahara, sahayata, dastglrl, 
i'anat, (remedy) chara, (interj.) alghiyas. 
To Help, madad k., sambhalna, bazu d., 
(supply with) dena : — one through a bu- 
siness, bera par k. Helped, dast-girifta. 
Helper, saha'I, madadgar. 
Helpless, be-chara, la-char, darmanda, ut- 
-patang : to be — , hath patthar tale dabna. 
Helplessness, becharagi, lacharagT. 
Helter-skelter, daurii-dauri se, 104. 
Helve, bent, dasta, (dakh.) muth. 
Hem, pallu, hashiya, got, kor, maghzi : to 
— , (utter a noise) khankhfirna, (edge a 
dress) turpana, (double hern) lurhiyana, 
(shut in) gher lena. 



HEW 

Hemicrania, Hemicrany, ardh-kaparl. 
Hemiplegia, adhang, ardhang, falij : qf- 

flicted with — , ardhangi, adhangi. 
Hemistich, misra". HEMLOCK,shukran(?). 
Hemorrhage, sailu-d-dam, jiryan-i-khun. 
Hemorrhoids, bawasir. 
Hemp, san, bang, bhang, bijaya, (dakh.) 
1267 : — plant, ganjha : exudation of the 
flowers of — , charas. Hempen, san ka. 
Hen, murghi, makiyan, kukri, (female) ma- 
da : young — , til, tiliya. 
Henbane, banj : — seeds, ajmiida ajwan. 
Hence, yahan se, idhar se, (for this rea- 
son) is liye, is waste, libaza, is par, is se : 
— away I diir ho. 
Henceforth, ab se, ab ten, is wakt se. 
Henceforward, age, ba'd is ke, ayanda. 
Hen-coop, tapa, khancha. 
Henhouse, khurla. Henpecked, zanmuiid. 
Henroost, murghkhana. 
Hepatick, jigari, kabdi. 
Her, us-ka, is-ka, us-ki, is-ki, apna, apni. 
Herald, munadi, dhandhoriya, nassitb. 
Herb, nabat, buta, jari, chhota darakht. 
Herbage, nabitat, sabza, ghas piit, chara'i. 
Herbs, (culinary or garden) tara, sag. 
HERD,niir, galla, jhund, (ofelephants)ha\\a. 
Herdsman, galla-ban, charwaha, baldiya. 
Here, yahaii, idhar, is jagah, is taraf : — 

and there, idhar udhar, jidhar tidhar. 
Hereabouts, yahin kahiii, kahiii idhar. 
Hereafter, ba"d iske. Hereat, is-par. 
Hereditary, maurusi, bapauti, aba'i. 
Heresy, ilhad, bid'at, rifz,pakhand,kupatl». 
Heretic, mulhid, rafzi, gumrah, bid'ati. 
Heretical, apanthi. Heretics, malahid- 
Heretofore, sabik, sabik men, peshtar. 
Heritage, irs, miras, warsa, mauriis, 282. 
Hermaphrodite, khunsil, hijra, 1867. 
Hermit, sahra-nishin, gosha-nishin or -gir. 
Life of a Hermit, gosha-girl or -nishinl. 
Hermitage, hujra, gosha, mandhl. 
Hermodactyl, jangli singhara, siirinjan : 

flower of the — plant, gul-i-siiranjan. 
Hernia, and-kos, bad-khaya, fatk, 2058. 
Hero, bir, bhat, sir, sur-bir, bahadur, ra- 
wat, yal, pahlawan, ghiizi mard : — mis- 
tress of Leander, hir, ranjha. 
Heroic, sawant, shah-zor, bahadurana. 
Heroism, surta,pahlawanI,rustamr,sawantT. 
Heron, bagla, butimar, mahl-khwar, 1760. 
Herpes, dad : — exedens, ghur-ghura. 
To Hesitate, tawakljuf k., der k., aga- 

-pichha k., (in speaking) hichkichana. 
Hesitating, (adj.) rautaraddid, muzabzib 
Hesitation, pas-o-pcsh, khataknii, hai?-. 
-bai?, taraddud, (in speech) hichkichi 
without — , be-ghill-o-ghishsh, 350. 
Heterogeneous, an-mel, ghair-jins. 
To Hew, tarSshna, kulliari se kStna. 



IIIN 

Hexagon, shash-jihat, shakl-i-musaddas. 

Hexagonal, sliash-pahlu, musaddas-numa' 

Hexameter, musaddas. 

Hey ! oho, shabash, jai-jai, allah-allah. 

Hiatus, khalal, sakta, chhed, rakhna. 

Hibiscus cannabinus, ambara, ambarl : — 
escnlentm, bhindi, ram-tura'i, bhendi : — 
mutahilis, gul-i-aja'ib : — phamiceus, sa- 
da-suhagan: — populneoides, paras-pipal: 

— rosa-sinenm, jawa : — mbdariffa, am- 
bara, ambari : — syriacus, gurhal : — 
iorluostis, bala. 

Hiccough, hichkl, hikka. 

Hid, Hidden, mukhtafT, poshida, pinhan, 
batin, nihufta : to be — , chhipna, dhapna. 

Hide, chamra, khal, post, cham, charm, 
charsa, khalri: — and seek, chor-mahTchni. 

To Hide, chhipana, dhampna, lukana : — 
one's face, [from bashfulness) munh chhi- 
pana. Hiding, {subst.) ikhtila, dafn. 

Hideous, zisht, dahshat-angez, muhib. 

Hideously, haibatnaki se. Hideousness, 
haibatnakl. Hieracium, gobhi. 

HIERA^^c?•fl, {dakh.) ayaraj or ayarij. 

Higgled Y-FiGGLEDY,ulat-pulat,ulta-pulta. 

Higgler, pheri-wala, halka saudagar. 

High, uneh, unchii, buland, ill, murtafa', 
(ra compos.) all, rafi", wala, (proud) mu- 
takabbir, (dear) giran, mahanga ; — and 
low, akabir-o-asaghir : of — descent, all- 
-tabar ; of — rank, ali-shan, rafl'u-sh- 
-shan, ali-kadr, wala-shan : the most — , 
hakk ta'fda, khuda-e-ta'ala, bari-ta'ala : 

— bom, buzurg-zada : — heeled, buland- 
-pashna : — mettled, jan-baz, jan-dar : 

— minded, buland-himmat, ali-himmat : 

— priced, mahanga, barhiya, kimati : — 
spirited, diler, sahib-ghairat. 

Higher, Highest, a'la, bartar, bulandtar. 
HiGHLAND,kohistanHiGHLANDER,pahariya 
Highly, nihayat, nipat, bahut, ziyada. 
Highness, uncha'i, (title), hazrat, janab-i- 

-ali : — of rank or dignity, ali-jahl. 
High-road, Highway, shah-rah, bat, jada, 

painda, dara, dagra, sarak, dagar. 
Highwayman, bat-par, rah-zan, kazzak. 
Highway-robbery, bat-pari, rah-zani. 
Hilarity, chuhal, khush-hall, tarab. 
Hill, koh, parbat, chhota pabar, pahari. 
Hillock, tall, tila, koh, [dakh.) tenkra. 
Hilly-, kohi, kohsar, parbat!. 
Hilt, kabza, dasta, talwar o ghaira ki muth. 
Him, us-ko, use, is-ko, ise, tis-ko, tise. 
Himalaya, himalaya. HiND,(sa4s<.)hami. 
Hind, Hinder, (arf;.)pichhla: — par<,pichha. 
To Hinder, rokna, atkana, (/oriid) man" *. 
Hinderance, tok, rok-tok, ar, atka'o. 
To be Hindered, rukna. Hinderer, ha'il. 
Hindering, (adj.) muzahim, (subst.) 2040. 
Hindermost, Hindmost, pichhla.wapasin. 



HOL 

Hinge, kulaba, chul, nar-mada, kabza. 

HiNGTSHA repens, hilamochika. 

Hint, ishara, ima, kinaya, ramz, sain, pata. 

To Hint, ishara k., sankarna, kinaya *. 

To make one understand by Hints, 1237. 

Hip, (joint of the thigh) chutar, piith. 

Hips, surln, chTtar, mak'ad. Hifpish, na- 
-shad. HippiSHNESS, na-shadi, zlk. 

Hire, kiraya, ijara, bhara, ajr, mil.matana, 
ajura, thika: — of boats, &^c., naul : — 
of a return boat, &fc., phirti ka bhara. 

7'oHiRE,(A;Veoi«/)kiraya*.,(r(?n<)kirayalena 

Hirer, kiraya-diir. Hiring, (adj.) mujir. 

Hireling, ajiira-dar, ajlr, (dakh.) 599. 

Hirundo apus batassia, supabena. 

A Hiss, hisht. To Hiss, (condemn) tali 
marna, hikarat ke sath phish k., (as a 
snake) phunkarna, phuphkarna. 

Hissing noise, safir : — or Hiss of a snake, 
bhuskara, phunkar : — sound of a drop 
of water on a hot plate, chhan. 

Hist ! hisht, chup-chup, khamosh. 

Historian, mu'arrikh, rawi, tarlkh-nawls. 

Historical, tawarikh-mansiib, tarikbi. 

History, tilrlkh, tawarJkh, rawayat. 

HiT,zarb,mar, (CTC«<)hadisa,(cAance)ittifak. 

To Hit, m.irna, zarb d. : — the nail on the 
head, 2170. Hither, idhar, yahan. 

Hitherto, yahan-tak, ab-tak, 2224. 

Hitting ttema?-*,hukm-andaz, (subst.)\a.g. 

Ho ! are, (fern.) ari, oho, po'is, wai, ho. 

Hoar-frost, zhala, pala, jam! hii'i os. 

Hoard, ganj, sanehai, khutti : buried — , 
dafina : to — , ganjna, chupke jamana. 

Hoariness, shaib, sufaidi, kabra'I. 

To be Hoarse, gala baithna, gala parna. 

Hoarseness, giriftagl-i-awaz. 

Hoary-, sufaid-bal-dar, biirha, sal-khurda. 

Hobgoblin, bhut, bbutna,paret, (dakh.)hu. 

Hocus pocus, tona-tanl, jhar-phiink. 

Hodge-podge, malghoba, ginj, halTm (?). 

Hoe, belcha, pha'ora, kudali. 

To Hoe, gorna, kudal? se katna ya khodna. 

Hog, su'ar, khinzir, khuk : wild — , bar- 
hela, barhela : — deer, parha. 

Hoggish, su'ar-sa, glialTz, najis, palld. 

Hogs, khanazir. Hogsty', bad-sala. 

To Hoist, uthiina, buland k., Gncha k. 

HoLcus sorghum, (Andropogon sorghum-, 
Roxb.) jo'ar, jaundri, (dakh.) jarl. 

Hold, (seizure) pakar, girift, (catch) ankri, 
(support) asra, (custody) kaid, (power) 
kudrat, bas, (hull of a ship) jahazka khol, 
(Roeb.) khan, khaiir, (fori) kal'a, garb. 

Hold ! (slop) raho, thahro, bas, baskaro. 

To Hold, (grasp, take) pakarna, gahna, 
(keep) rakhna, dharna, (maintain) thah- 
rana, tbambhna, (think) sochna, janna, 
(as a vessel, be contained) samana, amana, 
(as a council or feast) karna : — back, 



HON 



231.' 



baz rakhna, rokna, (r. n.) baz rahnfi : — 
one's tongue, zaban dabna, chup rahna : 
— up, (v. a.) sambhalna, (v. n.) sambhalna. 

Holder, Holding, (in comp.) dar, gir. 

Hole, (pit) garha, (rent) chhed, surakh, 
rakhna, bedh, beh, (burrow:) bil, (snake's) 
bil, bambhi : (every) — and corner, ko- 
na-kuthra: — in the ground for preserving 
consecrated fire, kund : — dug in the 
sandy bed of a river, choya: — in a wall 
for light, mokh, mokha : — made by 
children for trapball or marbles, khalel : 

— made in a wall by thieves, sendh : — 
to admit light, gawachh. 

Holes made by birds in trees, kotar. 

Holi, holi, phagu'a. Holiness, takaddus, 
kuds,paki,(<;7/e)hazrat,ianab-i-mukaddas. 

Holla ! abe, ajT, are, (fern.) arl, ahe, (af- 
fixed to words) re, (fern.) ri, hot : to — , 
(v. n.) tema. Holland, (rfaiA.)walanda: 
man of — , walandez. 

Hollow, (adj.) mujauwaf, phok, kawak, 
chhuchha, (as a tooth or tree) khokhla, 
(dakh.) bol, phokal, phokhal, (deceitful) 
riyakar, be-wafa, (as sound) gambhlr- 
-awazl, (subst.) jauf, khondkal, garha, 
(dakh.) nichan, (0/ a tree) khundla, khol, 
(low ground) nasheb-gah. 

To Hollow, khodna, korna, chhuchha k. , 
kakorna, (shout) pukarna, terna. 

Hollow-backed, (a horse) tabar-gun. 

HoLLOWNESs,kawakT, (deceit)nya.,dorangi. 

Holy, mukaddas, mutahhar, pak, tahir, 
musalll,parsa, sadh, dharm-atma: — book, 

— writ, kitab-i-ilahl : — man or person, 
arif, siddh, guru, muni, gosa'In : — men, 
urafii, masha'ikh, abrar : — place or spot, 
tirth, khet, makdis : — spirit, ruhu-l- 
-kuds : — God.' subhana-llah. 

Holy-day, te'ohar, id, parab, bara din. 

Homage, tasllm, bai'at : to do — , tasUm k. 

H OMEjghar, bazar, bas-o-bas,makan,(rfaXrA.) 
bhumyal, (native country) watan : at — , 
(adj.) ghar-basa, (adv.) ghar-men, ma- 
kan -par : fond of staying at — , Uiana-dost. 

Homeliness, sadagi, na-tarashldagi. 

Homely-, sada, na-tarashlda, angarh. 

Homeward, ghar ki taraf : — bound, phirti. 

Homicide, raardum-kushi, katl, (mur- 
derer) mardum-kush. 

Homogeneous, ham-jins, ham-khi!kat. 

HoMOGENEOUSNESS, ham-jinsT, mujanasat. 

Hone, sill, (dakh.) phatarl. 

Honest, rast, rast-baz, diyanat-dar, sach- 
cha. Honestly, rasti se, diyanatdari se. 

Honesty, sachcha'i, rasti, khara'i. 

Honey, shahd, madhu, asal, (dakh.) shat. 

Honey-comb, ghariya, chhatta, shan, poll. 

UosovR, (reputation, character) nam, abrii, 
pat, (respect) ta'zim, takrim, adar, man, 



2316 



HOR 



HOU 



HUM 



{rank, dignily) shan, martaba, sharaf, 
wakr.izzat, (cAas/!7y) ismat, liurmat, {or- 
nament) taz'm, ara'ish : nice seitae of - — -, 
hamiyat, gljairat: to bestow — , hurraatfZ..- 
to lose one's — , nak-kati A. .• to preserve 
one's — , nak rakhna. 
To HoxouR, (dignify) sarfaraz i., barhana, 
{reverence) ta'zTmA"., harh'i d., liurraatA-. 
I'uur HoxocR ! khud badaulat, liazrat. 
HoxocRABLE, shai'If, izzatdar, siihib-abru. 
HoxocRABLY, ba-abru, sharifana, izzat se. 
HoxouRED, mu'azzaz,musharraf,mu'az,zam. 
HoxouRixG, (subst. )i'zaz, (dak/i.) man-pan. 
Certain Honours conferred on princes, 1 829. 
Hood, sir kl orhni, kulab, sar-posh, {of a 
snake) phan, kafcha, {on a hawk) kuUab. 
Hooded, {a carnage, ^'c.) cbhatri-dar. 
To Hoodwink, ankhmundna, (<r(ci) farebd. 
Hoof, sum, khur, na'l : cloven — , khur. 
HooK,ankri,kiillaba,changul, mekb, {dakh.) 
ankora : — with which elephants are 
driven, ankus : *ee Fishhook, Sickle. 
By Hook or by crook, kliuda kbuda karke. 
To Hook, {as ajish) katiye se pakarnil, ba- 

jbana, {ensnare) pbaasana, {join) jorna. 
Hooked, terha, kaj, ankri-dar, ankri-sa. 
Hoop, girda, kundli, halka, chambar. 
To Hoop, balka lagana, gbere bandhna. 
Hooping-cough, daba(?), habba-dabba(?). 
Hoopoe, (hudhud) shana-sar, hudhud. 
Hoot, shor, gbul, na'ra : to — , ghul k. 
Hop, ek panw se kudak, ek kism ka nach, 
ek kism ki per : to — , pbudakna, kudak- 
na, (walk lame) langrana. 
Hope, ummed, bharosa, tawakku", as, asra. 
To Hope, ummedwar h., bbarosa k., 704. 
HoPEDfor, maraQl. Hopeful, ummedwar. 
Hopefulness, ummedwari. Hopeless, na- 

-ummed, niras, mayiis : to be — , i6og. 
Hopelessly, na-ummedana. 
Hopelessness, na-ummedi, nirasT. 
Hoping, rajl, bajat-mand, mutamanni. 
Hopper of a mill, dalv, chakki ka gala (.>). 
Hordf., Urdu, firka, kaura, guroh. 
HoRDEUMAej:(«/!cAo»i,yava.HoRizoN,ufuk. 
Horizontal, ufki, ufuk-barabar, papa. 
Horn, sTng, shakh, sring, (of a bow) gosha, 
pakhata, atni, (ofthemoon) nok (.'), (mu- 
ricat) sur, singa, bhompQ, karna'e, nar- 
-singa : one vtho plays on the — , narsingiya. 
Horned, shakh-diir, sTng-dar, sringi. 
Hornet, zambur, barr, (dakh.) dikiirl. 
Horny, sing ka, sing sa, (hard) sakht. 
Horoscope, janam-patri, zii'icha, tali*. 
Horrible, Horrid, sahmniik, muhib. 
H0RRIDNE8S, wahshat-angezi, haulnaki. 
Horror, haul, haibat, wabshat, kusha'rira. 
Horse, ghopi, asp, (black) shabdcz, (of a 
cream colour) surkba, (grey) nshhab, (bay) 
kumait : having a good — , bbal-ghorija : 



impatient little — , kutar: kind of bound- 
ing pace in a — , Iambi : lean, long-legged 
— , dagga : master of the — , mir-akhi.ir : 
— of middling or mixed breed, tazik, 
ras fakat, mujaunas : — of five years, 
naye - paaj : — of four years, char- 
-sal : — of high cast or noble breed, ras- 
-kalaa : — of seven years, panj : — of 
ten years, male-panj : Turkl — , or with 
slit ears, chau-goshiya : very well trained 
and obedient — , kal ka ghora : — {with a 
hollow back) from Kachchh, kachchlii. 
Horse breaker, chiibuk-sawar, silah-shor, 
shabsawar : — broker, chabuk-sawar : — 
cloth, kastuwan, gardani, jhiil : — doctor, 
baitar, salotari : — faced, ghur-munha : 
— fiy, bagbi, giimachi : — keeper, sa'is, 
sa'is, (dakh.) kaz-dar : — laugh, kahkab, 
kahkaha : — s7ioe, na'l : — whip, cbabuk. 
One on Horseback, ghur-charha, (/em.) 
-charbi. Horseman, sawar, sbah-sawar, 
ghur-charha, turk-sawar. 

Horsemanship, sawar-kiiri, sbahsawari. 

Horsemen, khail. Horsemint, dakbni- 
-piidina. Horse-race, ghur-daur. 

A tree which supplies the place of Horse- 
radish, sabajna. 

JVoise o/HoRSE'syee<,kharbarahat,kharbari. 

Hose, moze, jurrab. Hosier, moze-farosh. 

Hospitable, gharib-nawaz, mihman-dost. 

Hospital, bimar-khana, daru-sh-shifa. 

Hospitality, mihmandari, mezbani, 1894. 

Host, (entertainer) mihmiin-dar, mezban, 
sahib-i-khana, (army) lashkar, fauj. 

Hostage, yargharaiil, kafil, ol. 

Hostile, mukhalif. Hostility, adawat. 

HoT,garm, tatta, harr, (»io/fn<) sakht, (ea^cr) 
sargarm, (fiery) tund, tez, (as pepper) 
chirpira, charpara : — weather, tabistiin, 
dhiip-kala : — with spices, chatpatiya. 

Hotbrained, Hotheaded, tund-mizaj. 

Hotheadedness, khushk-maghzi. 

Hotness, garmi, hararat. 

Hovel, jhompra, chhappar, kuti. 

roHovEB,(4iVd«)mundlana,(rfaAA.)thirakna. 

Hound, shikari kutta. 

Hour, (space of 24 minutes) gharl, sa'at, 
ghanta : — of death, antkal : — glass, 
shisba-sa'at. 

HouRLY,ghari-ghari,harghari,sa'at ba sa'at. 

Person who strikes the Hours, ghariyiili. 

House, ghar, haweli, makiin, (in compos.) 
khana,bait,kada, (family) gharana, khan- 
dan, tabar, nasi, (of earth) matkotha, (sta- 
tion of a planet) burj, manzil, ras : kind of 
thatched — , bangla : — made by chil- 
dren, gharu'a, gharaunda : from — (0 
— , ghar-ba-ghar. 

Housebreaker, sendhiya, nakb-zan. 

Household, khandin, gharanii, kul, gir- 



histi, (adj.) ghara'u : — expenses, buyfi- 
tat : — /Mrn!7«ce, 4'e.,asasu-l-bait, ghar- 
bar, buna, khanman. 

Householder, Housekeeper, gbar-wala, 
girhist, khana-dar, ahl-i-khana. 

Housekeeping, tahal, khandari, khanadari. 

Houseless, be-khan-o-man. 

House-rent, rahwa'i. 

House-steward, khansaman, bhandari. 

House-wife, tahlu'i, (dakh.) jitbari, saun- 
sari : — or small bag for needles, tilladani. 

Housewifery, tahal, khana-dari, girhisti. 

Housing, jhiil, zin-posh, kastuwan, damani. 

How, kyiiii, kyauii, kis tarah, kaif, kyiinkar, 
chigiina, kya : — far, ta ba-kuja, kahan 
talak : — long, kab-tak, kahiin-talak, 
(dakh.) kab-tag : — many, — much, kit- 
na, kis kadr, kai, keta, kit, kitta, ta-ba- 
-kai, jyiin, jitna, chand, kam : — many- 
soever, chandan ; — often, chand, kai her. 

However, par, magar, lek, lekin, amma. 

Howsoever, — much or many, kitna-hi. 

Howl, Howling, pukar, nauha : to — , 
pukarna, rona, nauha k. 

Hubbub, harbari, hal-chal, ghul-ghapara. 

Huckster, khurda-farosh. bisati, kunjrii. 

Huckster's shop, (dakh.) margi. 

Hue, rang, laun : — and cry, hank-pukar. 

Huff, khafgi, jhanjh, chirchirahat. 
To Hug, god meiilena, gale lagana. 

Huge, bara, kalan. Hugely', ba-shiddat. 

Hukka, hukka, knlkula, gurguri, dami, 
farshi : part of a — containing the tobacco 
and fire, chilam : servant who prepares 
the — , hukka-bardar ; — snake, naicha, 
kulfi, nigali : straight — snake or tube, 
chaugani : kind of — snake with two 
bents, do-khamma : person who makes — 
snakes, naichaband. 

Hulk, purane jabaz ka khol, jirm-1-jahaz. 

Hull, (of a nut) chhilkii, (of a ship) jahaz 
ka khol. 

Hum, bhimbliiuahat, gungunahat, bhinak. 

To Hum, (sing low) gungunana, bhimbhin- 
anii, (deceive) dhokha d., thagna. 

Human, insani, bashri : — being, admi, in- 
san, bashar, manus : — kind, nasiit. 

Humane, narm-dil, rahra-dil, halim, salim. 

Humanity-, insaniyat, bhal-mansat. 

Humble, ajiz, gharib, miskin, adhin, khak- 
siir : to — , tabi" k. , daba'e rakhnii, past k. : 
to be — , sir nawana : to appear very — , 
ghighiyiina. 

Humbleness, gharibi. Humbly, 1443. 

Humid, martub, sila, naranak, oda, tar. 

Humidity, tarawat, rutuhat, namnaki. 

Humility, fijizi, tawazu", ghariln, adhinata. 

Humorous, lat-pativ,thathol,(rfroH)hansor. 

Humorsome, see Humorous, Peevish. 

Humour, (moisture) ras, tari, (of the body) 



HUZ 

khilt, {of the eye) pani, {temper) kho, 
mizaj, {whim) manmauj, laliar, {jocula- 
rity) thatthe-bazi : out of — , bezar. 

Humours, {of the body) akblat, rim. 

Hump, kuz, kub, {ox's or camel's) 1639. 

HUMPBACK,HUMPBACKED,HUNCHDACKED, 

kubrfi, kubjii, kuzpusht, kubba, 538. 

HUMPBACKEDNESS, kuZ-pUshti. 

Hundred, sau, sai, saikra, sad : — and 
eiyht, athotar sau : — fold, sau-guna : 
— thousand, lakh, lak. 

Hundreds of thousands, lakha. 

Hunger, bhukh, ju", gursanagi, khudhil : 
to bestarving with — , pet lag j. Hungry, 
bhukha, gursana: to be very — , 188. 

Hunt, shikar, said, khader : to — , shikar 
k., khaderna, ragedna, herna. 

Hunter, saiyad, aheriya, shikari, byadh. 

Hunting, {mbst.) said, shikar, aher, ka- 
rauli, 2048, {rcith a stalking horse) chii- 
har : place for ~, shikar-giih, nakhchlr- 
-gSh : to go a — , shikar khelna. 

Huntsman, mir-shikar, badhik, shikar-biiz. 

Hurdle, tatta, {dakh.) tatta. 

To Hurl, zor se phenkna, dalna, diil d. 

Hurlyburly, kbalbalT, harj-marj, harbari. 

Hurricane, tufan, ohauwii'i, andhi, jhari. 

Hurry, jaldi, khalball, shitabi, harbari, ta- 
rap : in a — , chat-pat: to — , jaldi k., 
arbarana, halbalana, harbaranii, {v. a.) 
shitabtar chalana. 

Hurt, chot, zaldjni, gha'o, {damage) akaj, 
kisarat, ziyan, {damaged) zakhm-khurda : 
to — , zakhtni k., chotiyana, iza d., {to da- 
mage) nuksan pahunchana : to be — , chot 
khana. Hurter, muzi. 

Hurtful, muzirr, ziyan-kar. 

Hurtfulness, ziyan-karl, mazarrat. 

HuRTLESS, be-mazarrat, be-nviksan. 

Husband, khasam, shaubar, zauj, pat, kha- 
wind : second — ofaHindu j«!(?ow,dharicha. 

To Husband, saitna, girhisti i., ihtiyat k. 

Husbandman, kisan, khetl-har, muzari'. 

Husbandry, zira'at, sir, kheti-bari, kisna'I, 
kishtkari, {economy) girhisti, khana-dari. 

Husband's elder brother's wife, jithanl, je- 
thani : — sister, nand, nanand : — sister's 
husband, nandosi, nando'I : — younger 
brother, dewar : — younger brother's wife, 
dewrani. 
Hush ! {inter}.) chup : to — , {v. a.) chup k., 

sakit k., {v. n.) thambhna, chup rahna. 
Hushmoney, rishwat, muiih-bhari. 
Husk, chhilka, bhus, kishr, bakla: — of 
chana, chhillar : — of grain, choya : — 
of wheat, chokar. To Husk, chhilkii utar- 
na, {by pounding) chhantna. 
Hut, jhompra, jhomprl, kuti, madhaiya. 
Huts /or soldiers, chha'onl. 
Huzza, jai-jai-kar : to — , jai-jai-kar k. 



JAS 

Hyacinth , sumbul, {gem) ek kism ki jauliar. 
Hydrocele, nuziil-i-ab, and-soth. 
Hyena, lakra,kaftar,girir, (rfaAA.)657,386. 
Hymn, astut, bhajan, mankabat. 
Hyoscyamus tiiger, khurasani ajwa'in. 
Hyperanthera morunga, sahajna, 2107, 
{dakh.) munga. Hyperbole, mubalagha. 
Hyperbolical, majazl. 
7'o«;«'ffiHYPERBOLicALLY,lon-mirchlagana 
Hypochondriacal, sauda'i, zi makhiiliya. 
Hypochondrium, kokh, kokha. 
Hypocrisy, riyil, nifak, do-rii'T, do-rangi. 
Hypocrite, riya-kar, munafik, mura'i. 
Hypocritical, do-rii'i, kapati, makr-amez. 
Hypothesis, pindar, atkal, anumiin, ra'e. 
Hypothenuse of a triangle, karan. 
Hypothetically, farzan. 
Hyssop, zufS. Hystrix, khar-pusht. 



I, J 

I, {pron.) main, ham, man. 

To Jabber, baknii, jaldi se bolnii, {dakh.) 
watwatana. Jabberer, bakkl, ba'o- 
-jhak, barbariya, {dakh.) watwatT. 

Jack, {engine) dam-kala, {a flag) nishan. 

Jack, {tree and fruit) kathal, {dakh. fruit?) 
phanas : slice of the — fruit, kii'a : pulp 
ofthe—fnnt,\o'\. 

Jackal, gidar, shaghal, kola, siyal, sal. 

Jacket, kurta, mirza'i, kaba, anga, J593. 

Jacob, ya'kub. Jade, {horse) charkha, 
{woman) kuttama, thagnl : to — , thakana. 

To Jagg, dandanadar k. Jaggy, dandan- 
adar, kbarkhara. 

Jail, kaid-khana, bandi-khana, zindan. 

Jakes, charchhobi, pit'e-khana. sandas. 

Jalap, gul-i-abbas ki jar. 

Jam, murabba, mewon ki mitha'i. 

Jamb, darwiize ka bazii. 

To Jangle, jhagarna, chakhachakhi k. 

Jangling, {subsf.) khatpat, {dakh.) 738. 

January-February, magh. 

Janus of the Hindus, ganes. Japan, {var- 
nish) raughan, {ware) raughanl kam. 

Jar, {vessel) ghara, mathor, jala, jarra, 
{sound) kharkharahat, {discord) jhagra : 
— for keeping preserves, martaban : large 
— , mauna, matka, khum. 
To Jab, kharkharanii, kharkana, {quarrel) 
jhagarna, {be inconsistent) na-muwafik h. 
Jarring, {as of a door) kharkharahat. 
Jasmine, yasmin, saman, chambell : Ame- 
rican — , ishk-pecha : great double Ara- 
bian or Tuscan — , mogra. 
Jasminum auriculatum, juhl, 1354: — 
grandiflorum, jati, jahi, chambell, maati: 
— multiflorum, kath-bela, kund (?) : — 

7 Z 



JES 2317 

zambac, bel, bela, ra'e-bel, motiya, mo- 
gra, mallika, {dakh.) bat-mogra. 
Jasper, zabarjad, sang-i-jashra. 
Jatropha curcas, bagrendi. 
Javelin, barchha, barchhl, sang, barhiya. 
Jaundice, yarkan, arkan, kamal-ba'e. 
Jaunt, sair, awara-gardi : to — , phiriia, 

sair k., awara phima. 
Jaw, jabha, jabhra, {dakh.) thopra : lower 
— , chana : to have locked — , danti lagna. 
Theiwis, kalla, gal-phara. 
Kind of 3 AY, maina. 

Ibis denudata, boza (?). Ice, barf, yakh. 
Iced, barf-parward. 
Ichneumon, {dakh.) bijii. 
Ichor, zard ab, gha'o ka pani. 
Icy, barfl, barf-sa, pur-yakh, sard. 
Idea, khayal, wahra, tasawwur, samajh, 

{dakh.) dhund .- vain, foolish — , 1008. 
Ideal, khayali, wahmi. Idealism, maya. 
Identical, ek-san, wuhl, ek-hi, mutabik. 
Identity, yak-sani, sarGp, mutabakat. 
Idiom, muhawara, istilah, tarz-i-kalam. 
Idiomatical, istiliihi, khass, majazi (?). 
Idiot, janami miirakh, jar, gidi, gawdi. 
Idiotism, himakat, be-wukiifj, ablahl. 
Idle, {lazy) arami, arasi, sust, kahil, maj'- 
hiil, {unemployed) be-kar, mu'attal, {use- 
less) abas, be-fa'ida, {unmeaning) be-ma*- 
ni, piich, muhmal : — speech or talk, 
zhazh : to be — , {unemployed) baithna : 
to — , susti *., susti se aukat katna, 1942. 
Idleness, susti, maj'hSli, kahili, ta'attul, 
be-kari : one who is proud of eating the 
bread of — , 1984. 
Idler, sust admi, kahil shakhs, awara. 
Idling away time, tazi"-i-aukat. 
Idly, susti se, kahilana, {uselessly) abas, 

ra'egaii : to walk about — , rah napna. 
Idol, but, sanam, miirat, putla, thakur: — 
of the Arabs in paganism, hubal, manat, 
lat : one who dresses an — , singariya. 
Idolatob, but-paiast, mushrik, shaman. 
Idolatry, but-parasti, puja, miirat-puja. 
Idol-temple, but-khana, but-kada, 736. 
I. E., ya'ne. Jealous, bad-zann, waswasl. 
Jealousy, ghairat, shakk, zann, rashk, 
{dakh.) churs : to suffer — or envy, 1604. 
Jeer, kiniiya, parihas : to — , bat phenk-na. 
Jeerer, ta"na-zan. Jeering, boli-tholi. 
Jeeringly, ta'na-zani se, ta'na-tashnr se. 
Jelly, rub, lu'ib, {dakh.) jaman, 780. 
Jeopardy, khatar. khatra, jo'ihim. 
Jerk, jhatak, jhirak, hacbkola, hachka. 
T'ojERK,jhatakna,jhirakna,((faXA.)jhirkana. 
Jest, thattha, bazla, hazl, mazakh, khilli. 
ToJest, mazakhen k., bolii., thattha mama. 
Jester, thatthe-baz, latifa-go, maskhara. 
Jesting, (*Hii^)thatthe-bazi, maskharapan. 
Jesus, isa. Jet, Jet d'eau, fawwara, nal, 



2318 



ILL 



nail, {the fossil) sang-i-musa ; to burst or 

spout forth a — d'eau, fawwara chhutna. 

To Jet otit, ubakna. Jew, yahud, yahudl. 

Jewel, jawahir, man, nag, jauhar, ratan, 

{dakh.) ghaina : — house, jawahir-khana. 

Jeweller, jauhari, jawahiri, jariya. 

Jewels, gahna, abhukhan, jauharat, abba- 

ran : adorned with — , mukallal, jawabir- 

-nigar : false — , bhagli gabna : radiance 

or splendour of — , cbhut : set with — , 

ratn-jatit : set work of — , Sfc, jatit. 

:w's harp, muchang, munb-cbang, 1986, 

2006 : — stone, bajaru-1-yabud. 

, agar, jo, gar, ar, yadi : — even, yadyapi : 

- — it is not, magar : — not, ilia, nahli'i to. 

Gxis FATuns, cbhalawa. 

GNOBLE, gum-nam, kbasis, wazi", kamina, 
dun, sufl, faro-maya, kam-zarf. 

GNOMINions, bad-nam, tuhinati, ruswa, 
fazih : — treatment, lat-kundan. 

GNOMINY, bad-nami, ruswa'I, apajas, ar. 

GNORAMUS, na-kbwanda, murakh, bbaku'a. 

GNORANCE, jabalat, jabl, na-dani, ajani, 
agyanpan : pretended — , tajabul: to pre- 
tend or feign — , tajabul k., macblana. 

GSORANT, jahil, nadan.anjan, agyan, ajan, 
aj'bal, ablah, bewukuf, becbmadan. 

GNORANTLY, anjane, na-danista, nadani se. 

GHANA, gob. Jilt, aiyarl, nakbre-baz. 

INGLE, jbauak, jbankar, kbarkbarabat. 

To Jingle, sunsanana, thantbanana, tha- 

nakna, 1753. Jingling, sansanahat. 

LiAC passion, ba'o-sul. 

LL, (adj.) bura, bad, zabun, (sick) bimar, 
kasalmand, alil, kabila, {subst.) bura'i, 
zabuni, (misfortune) afat, bala, musTbat, 
(adv.) bad, zisbt, be, na, ku : — advised, 
be-salab : — behaved, ku-cbali : — beha- 
viour, ku-cbal, be-cball : — bred, dabang, 
be-dastur, ku-dbang: — conditioned, bad- 
-hal, bad-surat : — disposed, bad-khaslat 
or -kho, or -nibad, 867 : — fated, na- 
shudani : — formed, bad-uslub, bad- 
-bai'at, ku-rup ; — looking, bad-numa 
or -namud, bad-saj : — mannered, bad- 
-afwar, be-ilbang, be-taur, ku-dbab : — 
omened, a-sbaguni, bad-yuran, manlius : 
— paced, (a horse) bad-rikab : — shaped, 
ku-dbab, bad-uslub, bad-daul, bhadesal, 
bhonda : — tempered, bad-slrat, bad-mi- 
zaj, kaj-kbulk, nak-cbarba : — timed, be- 
-wakt, be-ja, be-mauka" : — will, bad- 
-andcsbT, bad-kh\yiibi : to — treat, Ija- 
rara-zadagl k. : to take — , bura manna. 

LLEGAL, khilaf-i-shar', na-bakk, baram. 

LLEGAHTY,na-durustI,mukb;dafat-i-sbar". 

LLEGIBLE, na-khwandanl. bad-kbatt. 

LLEGITIMACY, haram-zidagi. 

llegitimate, Ijarum-zada, waladu-z-zina. 

LLFAVODRED, zisht-ru, karlh-manitar. 



IMM 

LLiBERAL, tai'g-dil, a-data, dun-bimmat. 

LLiBERALiTY,kam-bausilagi,past-bimmatT. 

llicit, na-ja'iz, na-rawa, na-masbru". 

LLiTERATE, jaUl, an-parha, ummi, ujjbar. 

LLNATURE, bad-batmi, cbircbirabat, 800. 

LLNATURED, bad-batm, bad-sirisbt. 

LLNESS, bimari, maraz, azar, bura'i. 
To Illude, (mock) tamasba k., (deceive) 

bbulana. 
To Illume, Illumine, Illuminate, ro- 
shan k., faroz k., muuawwar k., sanwarna. 
Illuminated, munawwar. Illuminating, 

(adj.) munir. Illumination, tanwir. 
Illusion, maya, jal, dbokba, cbbal. 
To Illustrate, rosban k., munawwar i. 
Illustrated, mubaiyan, raujalla, masbrub. 
Illustration, tauzih, bayan, tasrih, ta'bir. 
Illustrious, nami, jaswant, mashbur. 
Image, but, putli, murat, sanam, taswir, 

(likeness) shabib, (idea) kbayal. 
Imaginable, Imagined, maubum, 1838. 
Imaginary, kbayali, wahml, gumani, 1838. 
Imagination, kbayal. guman, tasawwur, 
wahm, dbyan : foolish — , khayal-i-batil. 
To Imagine, kljayal *., sochna, bujbna. 
Imagining, (adj.) mukbaiyil, mutasawwir. 
To Imbank, bandbna. Imbankment, 538. 
Imbecile, za'ifa-?-/.ibn o tan, natawan. 
Imbecility, zu'f, nakiibat, kam-zihni. 
To Imbibe, jazb k., dil men kabul *. 
TblMBiTTER, talkb*.;OTe To Exasperate. 
To Imbody, mujassam k., milana, jorna, 

();. n.) milna. Imbodied, mujassam. 
To Imbrue, bbigona,duborakbna, sborbori. 
Imitable, muktada. To Imitate, tatab- 
bu' k., pairawli., (copy) nakli., biska k., 
(mimic) sang or swang \a-aa.„(counterfeit) 
taklid k., banana. Imitated, muktada. 

mitation, iktida, tatabbu', taklid, sang. 

mitative, mutatabbi', nakll, mukallad. 

mitator, mutatabbi", muktadi, nakil. 

MMACULATE, pak, bc-dagb, saf, be-aib. 

MMANiTY, be-rabmi, na-admlyat, 2078. 

MMATERiAL, mujarrad: seeUNiMPORTANT. 

MMATURE, kacbcba, na-raslda, kliam. 

MMATURELY, pesb az wakt. 

MMATURITY, kliaml. 

MMEASURABLE, be-hadd, la-intiba. 

MMEDiATE, be-wasita, bila-fasila, bi-l-fi'l. 

MMEDiATELY, ab-bi, dar-hal, turt, wahiii. 

MMEMoaiAL, kadim, muddatka. 

MMENSE, be-kiyas, be-badd, be-intiba. 

MMENSELY, kahiii'i ka kahaii, nihayat. 
To Immerge or Immerse, dubona, bofna. 
To be Immersed, gbark A., dubna. 

MMERSED, musharrak, lin, gbark, 1898. 

MMEKSION, gbark, dub, (o/a«<ar)gburub. 

MMETHODICAL, be-sallka, be-taur, abtar. 

MMINENT, mushrif, muTdlak, karlb. 

audaza, be-hisab,be-l>add. 



IMP 

MMODEST, be-bijab, be-sbarm, na-haya. 

MMODESTY,be-baya'I,be-sbarmi,be-bijabI. 
To Immolate, zabb k., bal d., kurban k. 

MMORAL, bad-ma'asb, a-dbarmi, khafif. 

MMORALiTY, bad-ma'fislil, a-niti, a-dharra. 

MMORTAL, a-mar, baiy-kaiyum, la-yazal. 

MMORTALiTY, baka, hayat-i-abadi, amarlu. 

MMOVABLE, gbajr-mutaliarrik, acbal, atal, 

MMUNITY, mu'ifi, cbbutti, makhlasi. 

MP, bhutna, jinn-baeba : see Child. 
To Impair, gbatana, kam k., bigarna. 
Impalpable, kapar-chban, mibln : — 
powder, tall : to be reduced to an — 
powder, surma h. 
To Impart, dena, bakbsbna, (iw/orm )kabna. 
Impartial, munsif, be-gbaraz, musawl. 
Impartiality, iusaf, be-gbarazi, adl. 
Impassable, be-guzara, masdud, band. 
Impassioned style, soz-gudaz, wa-sokbt. 
Impatience, be-sabri, be-istiklall, be-tabl. 
Impatiens balsamina, gul-mibndi. 
Impatient, be-sabr, be-tab, na-sbikeba. 
To be Impatient, batbarna, 1807. 
Impeachment, bar-amad, ittibam, da'wa. 
To Impede, atkana, rokna, arna, band k. 
To be Impeded, phansna, pbasna. 
Impediment, ba'il, sadd, atka'o, ta'arrnz, 

ar : — in speech, ukda, luknat, giriftagi. 
To Impel, cbalana, bul d., daurana. 
Impelling a dog to the chase, shusbkari. 
Impenetrable, a-bbed, durg, be-ebbed. 
Imperative, bukml, amrl : — mood, amr. 
Imperceptible, agochar, aprataksb. 
Imperceptibly', ahiste, bilaihsas, bilaijbar. 
Imperfect, na-tamam,nakis: — tojse,i82a. 
Imperfection, na-tamami, naks, kusur. 
Imperial, shabansbabi, kbakani. kbusrawl. 
Imperious, ammara, kahhar, mutakabbir. 
Imperishable, be-zawal, abinasi, amar. 
Impersonal verb, fi'1-i-be-fU'il. 
Impertinence, be-adabi, gustakbl. 
Impertinent, be-adab, gustakh, be-libaz. 
lMPERTiNENTLY,nasba'!Stagise,be-adabana. 
Impetuosity, jaldl, tezi, tundi, bujum. 
Impetuous, tez, jald, garm, shadid, gbalib. 
Impetus, saurat, tez-rawi, zor, kuwat. 
Impiety, a-dbanm,fisk,ilhad,na-khuda tarsi. 
Impious, be-din, fasik, mulbid, kafir. 
Implacable, sang-dil, be-rahm, sakbt. 
To Implant, baitbalna, rompna, bona. 
Implements, bathyar, alat, (of war) siirdj. 
To Implicate, uljbana, pbansana, lapetnfi. 
Implication, lapet, pbansana, (inference) 

isbara, Ima, kinara : by — , zimnan. 
lMPLiciT,beuzr,pura,mafhum,mutazamman 
To Implore, minnat zfirl k., mangna. 
To Imply, ishare se batlana, dalalat k. 
lMPOLiTic,be-tadbIr,na-ma"kfil, be-mauka'. 
Import, (goods imported) fimdani, bbarti, 
(meaning) ma'ul, mazmun, maljsad. 



IMP 

To Import, (saudagari raiil) liina, {signify) 
batlfiiifi. Importance, kadr, girani. 

0/Importance, Important, muhimm, la- 
zim, bura : — affair, muhamm, muhimm. 

Importation, idklial, amad, amdani (?). 

Importunate, mutakazi, bajidd, takaza'I. 
To he Importunate, pai k. Importu- 
nately, takiize se. To Importune, ii- 
riyana, dhuni d., pichha lena. Impor- 
tuning, (sulist.) takrari, tahmll. 

Importunity, ilhah, takaza, lajajat, haha. 

To Impose, lagana, bar d. : to — oh, daglia 
rf.,chhalna: )»o/casi7y Imposed OB,nyariya. 

Imposition, taghallub, ziyada-talabi, taka'i, 
parpanch : — of a burthen, takllf. 

lMPOssiBi.E,ghairmumkin,muhal,muta'azzir 

Impost, baj, malisul, khiraj, lagat, 

Imposthume, duinbal, dummal, phora. 

Impostor, thag, farebl, daghfibfiz, chhaliya. 

Imposture, talbis, dagba, makkjiri, tazwir. 

Impotence, Impotency, be-makdiiri, zu'f, 
uS.-td.via.m,{inal/ilii!/topropaffate)nammiii. 

Impotent, za'if, kam-zor, sust, na-tawan, 
he-makdiir,{mial/le to propagate)na,-mB.Td. 

TobecomelMPOTEtiT,(lose viriiitti)n% mama. 

lMPRACTicABLE,miibal,an-hona,nasakhtani. 

To Imprecate, bad-du'a k., sarapna. 

Imprecation, la'nat, bad-du'a, sarap. 

Impregnable, a-jTt, mani", nii-mumkinu- 
-t-taskhir : — fortress, bisn-i-basln. 

To Impregnate, giibhin k., hiimila k. 

To Impress, naksh k., chhapna, {force to 
serve) begar pakarna : — on the mind, 
khatir-nishln k. Impress, Impression, 
asar, tasir, {print) chliapa. 

Impressed on the mind, dil-nishin, 1146. 

Making Impression, pesh-raft, mu'assir. 

To Imprint, naksh >t., chhapna, dil-nishin>t. 

Imprinted on the memory, khatir-nishiin. 

To Imprison, band k., kaid k., mundna. 

To he Imprisoned, kaid h., mahbus h. 

Imprisonment, kaid, habs, aslrl, giriftarl. 

Improbability, khilaf-kiyasi. 

Improbable, khilaf-i-kiyas , ba'fd az akl. 

Impromptu, badiha. 

Improper, be-ja, na-ma'kil, anuchit. 

Improperly, beja,nahakk,be-thaurthikane. 

Impropriety, be-dhangi, na-hamwarl. 

To Improve, {v. n.) bihtar h,, sudhama, 
{v. a.) sudharna. 

lMPROVEMENT,bihtarI,tarakki,islah,bana'o. 

Improvidence, kotah-andeshi, be-tadblri. 

Improvident, na-;ikibat-andesh, 1742. 

Imprudence, be-tadbirl, be-akli. 

Imprudent, be-tadbir, be-khabar, be-akl. 

Impudence, be-sharmi, be-haya'i, gustakhi. 

Impudent, be-sharm, ni-iajja, be-adab. 

Impudently, be-adabi se, gustiikhana. 

Impulse, dhakka, jung, {motive) ba'Ts. 

With Impunity, be-siyasat, be-azab. 



INC 

Impure, na-saf, najis, palid, gliallii. 
Impurity, na-paki, chhot, najasat, laus. 
Imputation, laga'o, ibtimal, (ccnswre) tub- 

mat, ilzam : false — , buhtan. 
To Impute, lagana, thahiaaa, tuhmat k. 
In, {postpos.) meii, bich, ko, ku, {adv.)\ihi 
tar, bTch, andar, {in compos.) fi, {neg. 
prefix) h'l, na, be, nir, ni, a, an. 
Inability, tang-dasti, natakatl, natawanl. 
Inaccessible, mumtana'u-l-wu?ul, aughat. 
Inaccuracy, ghalati, chuk. 
Inaccurate, ghair-sahlh, ghalat, beja, 1 1 1 
Inaction, susti, sukun, be-shughll, aram. 
Inactive, sust, arasi, dhlla, maj'hiil, arami 
Inactivity, sustI, aras, alas, kahalat. 
iNADEauATE, ghajr-kafi, kam, na-la'ik. 
Inadvertency, ghaflat, be-iltifati, chiik. 
Inadvertent, ghafil, be-khabar, be-iltifat. 
Inadvertently, sahwan, ghaflat se. 
Inanimate, be-jan, be-jl, a-char, nir-jTw, 
{spiritless) afsurda, be-namak : — • body, jar. 
Inapplicable, be-mauka', na-muwafik. 
lNARTicuLATE,na-saf,talaffuz men na-zahir. 
Inattention, be-iltiatl,ghafili,be-khabarl. 
Inattentive, be-lihiiz, ghafil, an-jan. 
Inaudible, na-masmu", jo na suna jawe. 
Inauspicious, nahs, a-shubh, na-mubarak. 
Inauspiciousness, nalisiyat. 
Inborn, Inbred, jibilll, khilkl, zati. 
Incantation, mantar, afsun, jadu, latka, 

nairang : mode of- — -, 1704. 
Incapable, na-kabil, a-patr, na-ahl. 
Incapable of answering, la-jawab. 
To Incapacitate, be-makdur *. 
Incapacity, na-rasa'I, na-kabilTyat. 
lNCARNATE,mujassam. Incarnating, 1 99. 
Incarnation of the deity, avatar -.first — , 
matsya : second — , kachchapa : third — , 
varaha : fourth — , nri-singha : fifth — , 
vamana : sixth — , parasurama : seventh 
— , rama : eighth — , balarama : ninth — , 
buddha : tenth — , kalki. 

NCAUTious, be-ihtiyiit, be-tadbTr, 431. 

NCENDIARY, atash-afroz, fitna-angez, 977. 

NCENSE,loban, fid, bukhur: to — , khafai., 
chherna. Incentive, targhib, muharrik. 

NCERTITUDE, dubdha, dhokha, shakk. 

NCEssANT, lagatar, mutawatir, paiham. 

NCESSANTLY, ala-d-dawam, anan.fa-anan. 

NCEST, kurum-chodi, gotr-gaman. 

NCH, tassu, angul, barhaii hissa foot ka. 

NciDENT, saniha, majara, hadisa, 1195, 35. 

NCiDENTAL, ittifUki, arizl, nagahani. 

NciDENTS, sanihat, sawanih, waridat. 

NCisiON, chira, kat, burrish, chhed. 
To Incite, targhib d., utliana, chherna. 

NCITEMENT, targhib, lalach, ba'is, tahrls. 

NCiviLiTY, be-taurl, be-muriiwatl. 

nclinable, ma'il, raghib, musta'idd. 

NCLiNATiON, {slope) dhal, utar, {desire) 



INC 



2319 



mail, mailan, raghbat, shauk, hawas : — 
to vomit, ok, tahawwu" : to have — to, 
dhukna : having — , ma'il : to resist one's 
own — , man marna. To Incline, {v. n.) 
jhuknii, nihurnii, ma'jlA., {slope) dhalna, 
{v. a.) jhukana, ni-hurna, ma'il k. 
Inclined, ma'il : — towards, multafit. 

To Include, dakhil k., muljit k., shamil h. 

ncluded, mundaraj, dakhil, muzamman. 

NCLUDiNG, Inclusive, mushtainil, 183B. 

NCOG, Incognito, poshlda, chhipake. 

ncoherence, be-ma'nl ya hazyan bakna. 

ncoherent, be-mel, ghair muifibik. 

ncome, amad, aradanl, yaft, madakliil. 

ncommensurable, be-mel, be-nap. 
To Incommode, tajdi" d., taklif d., dikki. 

ncomparable, be-nazir, la-sani, tak. 

NCOMPATiBLE,bemel :<oie — ,lagganakhana 

NCOMPETENT, na-Siiz, Dil-kafl, kasir. 

NCOMPLETE, nji-tamam, nakis, nim-taiyar. 

NCOMPREHENSiBLE,ghair-mudrak,be-kiyas 

nconceh'able, be-kiyas, na-mafhiim. 

NCONGRCous, na-muwafik, khilaf. zidd. 

nconsiderable, na-chiz, be-kadr, tbora. 

NCONSIDERATE, be-tadblr, be-ilitiyat, 92. 

NCONSiDERATENESs,be-ta'aramuli,be-fikri 

NCONSisTENCY, tabayun, tazadd. 

NCONSiSTENT, Da-muiiasib, na-muwafik : 
— words, tamat: to be — with, 1791. 

NCONSOLABLE,ghamgm: — grief, yipaiia^ 

NCONSTANCY, achpalahat, be-sabatl. 

NCONSTANT, bc-kaiar, chala'ii,na-pii'edar. 

NCONTESTABLE, be-daregh, kati", shat7. 

NCONTESTABLY, bila-takrar, la-kalam. 

NCONTiNENCE, bc-parhezl, be-ismati. 

NCONTiNENT, bc-parhcz, be-ismat, 1565. 

NCONVENiENCE, takalluf, kabahat, tasdi'. 

NcoNVENiENT, be-mauka*, muzahim. 
To Incorporate, jam" k., milana. 

NCORPORATioN, mila'o, itmezish, zamlma. 

NCORPOREAL, mujarrad, nirakar, be-jism, 
ghair-maddi : — beings, mujarradat. 

NCORRECT, na-sahih, ghalat, a-suddh. 

NCORRECTLY, ghalati se. 
, ghalati. 



NCORRIGIBLE, I 



-paz 



la-;ia 



NCREASE, barhti, ziyadati, afziinl, tarakkl. 

fo Increase, {v. n.) barhna, ziyada h., 
{v. a.) barhana, adhikana, afzud k. 

NCREASiNG, {subst.) taksir, {adj.) nami. 

NCREDiBiLiTY, adam-i-i*tibar. 

NCREDiBLE, amananlya, ghair mu'tabai. 

NCREDULITY, bc-i'tikadl, adam-i-akldat. 

NCREDULOus, be-i'tlkad, be-aklda. 

NCREMENT, beshi, barhti, tarakkl. 
To Incrust, parat jamana, tab charhana. 

NCRUSTATioN, parat, tah,lep dena, parda 
To Incubate, sewua. Incubus, kabus. 
To Inculcate, salah d., sikhlana, samjhana. 
cuMBENT, lazim, wajib, bar-hakk, farz. 



2320 



IXD 



To Incur, sazawar h., lagana, zer-bar fi. 
Incurable, be-dawa, la'ilaj, asadhya. 
Incurableness, la-ilaji, be-ilaji. 
Incursion, daur, takht, {dakh.) ratawa. 
Incurvation, terha'I, lachka'o, bank. 
Indebted, makruz,daindar,kar7dar,(oi%ed) 

mamnim, raarhun : to be — , zer-bar A. 
Indecency, be-adabi, na-sbayastagl. 
Indecent, falush, be-adab, na-shayasta. 
lNDECENTLY,be-adabise: talking — ,fahhash. 
Indecision, taraddud, be-infisali, sbakk. 
Indeed, albatta, sacb, waki'i, fi-1-waki*. 
Indefatigable, a-tbak, mihnatl, dhuni. 
Indefinite, ghair-mukarrar, be-thikana, 

(a«fl?iow«)nakira: — ar/icZf, harf-i-tankir. 
Indelible, a-mit, an-dho'a, gbair-maljw : 

— s/am or mar*, jigarldagb.nakshka-lhajar 
Indelicacy, na-mulayamat, be-lutfi. 
Indelicate, na-mula'im, be-lutf, be-lihaz. 
Indemnification, Iwaz-i-niiksan, tawan. 
Indemnity ,iwaz-i-nuksan,tawaa,mubadala. 
To Indent, labarya katna, dandana-dar k. 
Indent, Indentation, kbandana, lahar. 
Indenture, ikrar-nama, ahd-nama. 
Independence, istiklal, azadi, mukhtari. 
Independent, mukhtar. mustakill, be- 

-niyaz : — of judge or general, 904. 
Independently, mustaghniyana, ba-ghair. 
Index, namud, dall, {of a took) fibrist. 
India, hind, hindustan, jambudip, 383. 
Indian, (swis/.) hiudu, (arf;.)bindT,bindu'i: 

— badger, bejii : — corn, bhutta, maka'i, 

kukri, (dakh.) raakki-jari : ear of — com, 

whence the seeds are taken out, gilll. 
To Indicate, batana, dalalat k., dikhlana. 
Indicated, mushar. Indicating, mush'ir. 
Indication, dalalat, lim, alamat, isbara. 
Indications, dala'il. Indicative, dall. 
Indifference, be-ta'allukl, be-gharazi. 
Indifferent, be-parwa, be-gharaz : any — 

QcA'on, mubah.lNDiFFERENTLY,aisa-waisa 
Indigence, iflas, muflisi, be-zari. 
Indigenous, desi, mulki, watanl. 
Indigent, mulitaj, mafluk, muflis, benawa. 
Indigested, na-gawara, na-hazm, (ill-con- 

«i(/ererf)be-ta'ammul,(i7/-arran^erf)abtar. 
Indigestible, sakil, mumtana'u-1-hazm. 
Indigestion, bad-ha/.mi, sikl, ajiran, 93. 
Indignant, ghazabnak, jaljala, taish-pur. 
To be Indignant, jaljalana. 
Indignation, ghazabnaki, jaljalahat, 987. 
Indignity, kliiffat, subki, istikbfaf, ihanat, 

ITJ : to treat with — , chithama. 
Indigo, nil. 111 : — after being once cut, perl. 
Indirect, na-ra-st, terha, na-durust, na-saf. 
Indirectly, pech sc, isharatan, na-rasti se. 
Indirectness, terha'I, na-durustl. 
Indiscernible, a-disbt, be-namud. 
Indiscreet, be-itntiySz, be-tamlz, be-libaii. 
Indiscretion, bc-imtiyazi, be-tamlzl, 429. 



INF 

Indiscriminate, ghair-mu'aiyan.bethahrao 
Indispensable, lazim, wajib, zarur, far?. 
lNDiSPENSABLY,la-jaram,luzuman,wujuban 
To Indispcse, {disincline) dil pherna, na- 

-raz k., {make ill) kasalmand k., alii k. 
Indisposition, na-marzi, {disease) kasal. 
Indisputable, yakinl, wajibi, kat'i, sarih. 
Indisputably-, yaklnan, sarlhan, beshakk. 
Indissolubility, na-gudakbtagl. 
Indissoluble, na-mumkinu-l-iufikak. 
Individual, fard, ek shakhs, wahid, jana. 
Individuality, fardiyat, ahadiyat, tanha'i. 
Individually, akela, ek ek, fardan. 
lNDivisiBLE,a-bhed,na-mumkinu-t-taksiin: 

— atom, juz-i-la-yutajazza, jauhar-i-fard. 
Indocible, Indocile, gbair-islah-pazir. 
Indolence, kahili, susti, maj'hiili, dhil. 
Indolent, sust, kahil, maj'hiil, dliila. 
Indubitable, be sbakk, be-shubha, yakin. 
Indubitably-, be-shakk, nischai, yakinan. 
To Induce, targbib d., laaa, tahris d. 
Inducement, targbib, ba'is, mubarrik. 
Induction, natija, basil, kiyas, istidlal. 
To Indue, malbus k., pabnana, dena. 
To Indulge, mihrbani k., bakbshna. 
Indulgence, ri'ayat, ijSzat, marbamat. 
Indulgent, mibrban, sbafik, nazbardar. 
Indulgently, mihrbani se, khatir-dari se. 
To Indurate, (».n.)pathrana, (».a.)kara*. 
Induration, sakhti : — of the spleen, 615. 
Industrious, milmatl, sa'i, chiilak. 
Industry, mibnat, takaiyud, masbakkat. 
Inebriation, Inebriety, nasba, masH. 
Ineffectual, batil, be-asar, be-taslr. 
Inefficacy, be-asarl, adam-i-tasir. 
Inelegance, bad-numa'i, kubh, na-zeba'i. 
Inelegant, na-zeb, bad-numa, na-ma"kul. 
Inequality, uneh-nicb, na-hamwarl, fark. 
Inert, sust, kabil, mu'attal, be-harakat. 
I.vestimable, be-badal, be-baha, be-kimat. 
Inevitable, la-budd, char-nacbar. 
Inevitably, na-char, cbar-na-char. 
lNEXHAUSTiBLE,be-badd,be-nihayat,a-tiit. 
Inexistence, nestl. lNEXisTENT,na-paida. 
Inexorable, na-uzr-pazir, sang-dil, be- 

-rahm : — dunning, takaza-i-shadid. 
Inexpedience, kabahat, na-munasabat. 
Inexpedient, nii-munasib, na-la'ik, be-ja. 
Inexperience, na-tajribakari, anari-pan. 
Inexperienced, na-azmiidakar, kham. 
Inexpert, na-dastkar, nakis, anarl, 434. 
Inexpf-rtness, anar-pan, Wiiim-dastl, 434. 
Inexpiable, be-afu, be-magbfirat, a-mit. 
Inexplicable, kil§iru-l-bayan, Ifi-l.iall. 
Inexpressible, na-guftanl, be-bayan. 
Inextricable, ma-la-yanball,pech-darpeeb 
lNFALLiBLE,mukarrar,a-chuk,l.iukm-andaz. 
Infallibility, yaklnl, be-khatii'i. acbiikl. 
Infallibly, l.a-budd, yakinan, mukarrar. 
Infamous, bad-nam, rti-siyah, ruswa, jut- 



INF 

-khora, be-abru : to become — , fazHjat h. 
Infamy, bad-nami, ruswa'i, apajas, rusiya- 

hi, be-abrQ'i : to be branded with — , 275. 
Infancy, tiHi, cbhutpan, baohpan, balapan. 
Infant, tifl, bachcha, bSlak, larka, 1761. 
Infantry-, paidal, piyade. Infants, 1562. 
To Infatuate, diwana*., sbefta A., jaduA-. 
Infatuated, farefta, shefta, mubtala, 2170. 
Infatuation, sheftagi, fareftagi, diwanagi. 
Infection, sirayat, ufunat, ta'assur. 
Infectious, Infecting, sari, lasgar (?). 
To Infer, tajwiz *., atkalna, bujhna. 
Inference, natija, basil, khulasa, anuman. 
Inferior, asfal, adna, diin, nicha, past. 
People 0/ Inferior rank, hasbiya. 
Inferiority-, pa'ini, pasti, kamti, farotari. 
Inferiors, sughara. 
Infernal, jahannaml, dozakhi. sufil : — 

regions, patal, pattal, rasatal. 
To Infest, sataua, khijana, iza d., takllf (J. 
Infidel, kafir, gabr, be-din, munkir. 
Infidelity, kufr, be-dini, shirk, kbiyaaat. 
Infidels, kuffar, kawaflr, malaliid. 
Infinite, be-badd, be-intiha, be-shumar : 

— series, tasalsul. 
Infinitive, {in gram.) masdar. 
Infinity-, be-payani, be-haddi, be-shumarl. 
Infirm, za'ff, dubla, dur-bal, rogi, mariz. 
Infirmary, daru-sh-shifi, bimiir-khana. 
Infirmity, zu'f, na-tawani, kusiir, rog. 
To Inflame, jalana, pbunkna, sulgana, {ir- 
ritate) chherna : — quarrels, ^c. , 1801. 
Inflamed, afrokhta, sokbta : — in mind, 

sokbta-jan : — with love, sar-garm. 
Inflaming, {in compos.) tab, soz : — the 

heart, dil-soz : — the world, geti-afroz. 
Inflammable, jalanbar, sokhtani. 
Inflammation, jalan, sozisb, atasb-zani, 

{of the eyes) ashob, ankb ani (203). 
Inflammatory-, muhrik -. see Seditious. 
To Inflate, pbulana, nafkh k., pbiinkna. 
Inflated, phulka : to be — , phulna, 2133. 
Inflation, nafkh. intitakh. phunka'o, 583. 
!rolNFLECT,nawana, jhukana,(m^ra7M.)663. 
Inflection, jbuka'o, {in gram.) tasrif. 
Inflexibility, kara'i, sakhti, karakhtagl. 
Inflexible, sakht, nii-mula'im, magra. 
To Inflict, lagana, dena : — pain, 1052. 
Influence, asar, hukm, zor, tasir, pra- 

bbii'o : — of an evil eye, tok. 
To Influence, asar k., byapnii, ba'is A. 
Influx, dukhiil, jiriyani, ijtima", kasrat. 
To Infold, lapetna, dhampna, infmdna. 
To Inform, talkin *., batliinii, jatanii, 153. 
Information, khabar, ta'lira, wukuf, iy.i- 

la", agabi, gosh-guziiri : getting — , 978. 
Informed, muttali", agah, khabar-dar. 
Informer, kbufya-nawis, nammam, 1263. 
Informing, {subst.) talkin, khabar-dari. 
Infraction, faskh, shikast, abd-sbikani. 



INN 

Infrangible, chimrl. To iNFRiNGE.torna. 
To Infuse, andardalna, (»iaoero/e) bhigona. 
Infusion, {med.) khisanda, {of bhang) x^VA. 
Ingenious, zarif, zaki, zahin, zirak, 863. 
Ingeniously, zakawat se, chatura'i se. 
Ingeniousness, Ingenuity, zihn, zirakl. 
Ingenuous, rast-baz, khara, saf, sachcha. 
Ingenuousness, rasti, safa'i, khara'i, sidk. 
Inglorious, halkii, khafif, gum-nam. 
Ingot, shosha, Int, sil, thakka. 
To Ingraft, paiwand lagana, baithalna. 
Ingrafted, paiwandt. Ingrate, be-wafa. 
Ingratitude, be-wafa'i, namak-haraml. 
Ingredient, matra, oshadhl, juz. 
Ingress, dukhul : — and egress, 176, 235. 
To Inhabit, basaa, rahna, sukunat*. 
Inhabitant, bashanda, rahne-wala, tnukim, 
sakin. Inhabitants, sukkan, sakana. 
Inhabitants of the world, fdamiyan. 
Inhabited, ma'mur, abad, amira, maskiin: 

— parts of the earth, rub'i-maskun. 
Inharmonious, be-tal, na-silzgar. 
Inherent, dakhili, khilkl, zati, jibiUi, asli. 
To Inherit, waris h., irs lena, miras lenii. 
Inherit ANCE,irs,miras.lNHERiTED,mirasi. 
Inheritor, waris, mlras-khor, hakkdar. 
To Inhibit, man" k., rokna, baz rakhna. 
Inhuman, be-muruwat, katar, be-rahm. 
Inhumanity, sang-dilT, nithura'I, 437. 
To Inject, dalna, {syringe) pichkari marna. 
Inimical, bad-andesh, drohi, bairi. 
Inimitable, lNiMiTABLY,be-misl,be-nazir. 
Iniquitous, bad-tinat, be-insaf, bura. 
Iniquity, be-insafi, badi, zabunT, bura'i ; to 

receive the wages of — , haram khana. 
Initial, pahla, miikaddam, awwal. 
To Initiate, Ifuia, shuru" karanil, 278. 
Initiated, mashrfi': to be — , a devotee, ^oQ. 
Initiation, aghaz-i-ta'llm, idkbal. mel. 
Injudicious, be-baslrat, nadan, puch. 
Injunction, takid, bukm, takaiyud. 
To Injure, bigiirna, iza d., ujarna, ziyan A. 
Injured, mazlum, makhsiir : to be — , 904. 
Injurer, Injurious, be-insaf, muzirr. 
Injury, {hurt) iza, aseb, zarar, {mischief) 
ziyan, gazand, {injustice) sitam, be-insafi. 
Injustice, be-insafi, be-dadi, zulm, 74. 
Ink, murakkab,roshna'i, siyabT, kali, {black) 
zang-bar, (rc(j)surkhl,shangarf: — maker, 
murakkab-saz : — nnt, halda. 
Inkhorn, Inkstand, dawat, kalam-dan. 
Inkling, {hint) ishara, bo, {wish) arzu. 
Inlaid, munabbat.khacliit. 2'olNLAY,jariia. 
Inland, bhitarwar, desi, mulki. 
Inlayer, munabbat-kar. Inlaying, 1958. 
Inlet, {creek) kol, khal, {passage) guzar. 
Inly, bhitar, pet men, andar. 
Inmate, ham-khana, ham-makan, sa-gehl. 
Inn, bhathlyar-khana. musafir-khana, 1966. 
Innate, zati, jibilU, ttilki, tab!, 1818, 1917. 



INS 

Inner, bhitri, andaruni : — apartments, ig^. 

Innkeeper, bhathiyara, sahib-i-sara'e. 

Innocence, be-gunahl, paki, be-jurmi, ma'- 
sumlyat, {harmlessness) be-badi, gharibi. 

Innocent, be-guniih, be-jarm, a-pap, pak. 

Innovation, ilidas, bid'at, anrit, iklitira*. 

Innuendo, ishara, kinaya, ramz, mihna. 
744. Talking by Innuendos, nok-chok. 

Innumerable, an-ganit, be-shumar, 81. 

To Inoculate, {for the small-pox) pachh- 
na, tikarf., (a tree) paiwand lagana. 

Inoculation, tika, pachhna, pachh. 

Inoffensive, be-jurm, gbair-muzirr, sada. 

Inopportune, Inopportunely, be-ja. 

lNORDiNATE,na-mu"tadil,ba-ifrat.,be-liadd: 
— appetites, nafs-1-ammara or -bahlml. 

Inquest, nagahan maut ki taliklk, 553. 

Inquietude, be-firami, be-cbaini, be-kall. 

To Inquire, {ask) piichlina, {seek out) 
dhundhnii, talasb i. : — into, tajwiz i., 
talikik k., jancUna: — after health, Sfc, 
aliwal puclihna. 

Inquirer, puchhwaiya, talib, khojiya. 

Inquiry, taftlsh, tajassus, Istifsar, talash, 
baz-purs : — after health, ahwal-pursi. 

Inquisition, biiz-purs, tajwiz. 

Inquisitive, khojiya, jasus-tabl'at, 1862. 

Inquisitiveness, tajassus, {dakh.) 564. 

Inroad, turk-tazT, takht, yurish, daur. 

Insane, diwana,sauda';,nliynQn,mukhabbat. 

Insanity, baura'i, junun, khabt. diwaiiagi. 

Insatiable, na ser hone ka, {dakh.) aghori. 

7'olNSCRiBE,sabti.,likhna,sar-namalikhna. 

Inscribed, markiim,muharrar: to be — ,750. 

Inscription, kitaba, likhat, likhiiwat. 

lNSCRUTABLE,bechun, mumtana'u-t-taftish. 

Insect, kira, kirm, {bred in grain) sursuri, 
{destructive to wood, grain, and flower) 
ghun, {very troublesome to birds) riij. 
Insects, hasharat, hawamm. 

Insecure, be-amn, na-mazbiit, makhtfir. 

Insensibility, be-hawassi, be-khabari. 

Insensible, be-ljiss, sun, behosh, ba-tad- 
rij. Insensibly, tadrijan, ba-tadrij. 

Inseparable, lazim, a-bhed, na-munfakk. 

To Insert, dakhil k., darj k., likh rakhna. 

Inserted, mundarij, madkhiil, dakhil. 

Inserting, Insertion, idkhal. indiraj. 

Inside, bhitar, andarun, andar, {subst.) ba- 
tin : — of the lines of an army, thana. 

Insidious, makkar, fitrati, hlla-baz, 504. 

Insidiousness, dagha, fareb, fitrat, aiyari. 

Insight, basirat, ma'rifat, wukuf, pahchan. 

Insignificance, na-chizi, be-kadri. 

Insignificant, be-ma'ni, na-chiz, 2053. 

Insincere, kapati, riya-kar, duroya. 

Insincerity, riyakari, kapat, zahirdarT. 

To Insinuate, paithalna, ghuserna, {hint) 
ishara k., bat lagana, ramz k. Insinu- 
ating, lNSiNUATOR,dambaz,charb-zaban. 

8 A 



INS 



2321 



dambazi, {hint) ishara, Ima. 
nsipid, be-maza, phika, sitha, be-iiamak. 
NsipiDiTY, Insipidness, bemazagi, 1259. 
To Insist, i?rar A., ba-jidd A., takid k. 
To Insnarb, bajhana, phaiisna, phandlana. 
nsociable, ghair-manus, na-milri])] (?). 
NSOLENCE, gustakhl. sar-kasbi, takabbur. 
nsolent, mutakabbir, sarkash, gustakh. 
NSOLUBLE, la-hall, raustahilu-l-l.iall. 
NSOLVENCY, na-dari, dewala, muflisi. 
NSOLVENT, dewfdiya, na-dilr, muflis. 
NSOMCCH, yahan-tak, is hadd ko, Ijatta ki. 
To Inspect, dekhna, nijhana, tabkik k. 
"nspection, nazar, nigah, libaz, parakh. 
NSPECTOR, nazir, darogha, muhtamim. 
NSPiRATioN, ilham, ilka, waliT, dam-kashl. 
To Inspire, Uham k., wahi bhejna, dil men 
dalna, {breathe) dam phfinknu, dam lena. 
NSPiRED,mulham,diwana:ino!<)/e(/(/e,i458. 
NSPiRER, Inspiring, mulhim, hatif. 
NSTABiLiTY, be-karari, na-pa'edari, 430. 
To Instal, khil'at d., tika d., tilak d. 
NSTALLATioN, tika, khil'at-djhl, abhishek. 
nstalment, see Installation, {por- 
tion) kist, bihrl : settlement of the re- 
venues by — , kist-bandi. 
nstance, {example) nazIr, misal, {occa- 
sion) majara, bat, {solicitation) darkhwast. 
istid'a ; for — , farzan, masalan, jaisa ki. 
NSTANT, {urgent) mutakazi, mustad'?, {pre- 
sent) hazir, maujiid: — of time, lamlia, an. 

NSTANTANEOUSLY, INSTANTLY, ab'hl, fi- 

-1-faur, fi-l-hal, 1: a-mujarrad, isl-dam. 
NSTEAD, ba-ja'e, badal, iwaz, ba-manzila. 
NSTEP, pusht-i-pa. To Instigate, tahrik 
k. , bar d. , uskana, ubhama, wargbalanna. 
nstigation, tahrik, targhib, tahrls, ighwa. 
NSTiGATOR, muliarrik, bani-kar, da'i. 
To Instil, chulana, dalna, zihn-nishin k. 
NSTiNCT,zatIakl,hosh,sudh,akI-i-haiwani. 
NSTiTUTE, Institution, a'in, ka'ida, ka- 

niin, {establishment) ta'aiyun, takarrur. 
To Institute, thahrana, mukarrar k. 
NSTITUTOR, wazi', bani, mujid, bar-pa-saz. 
To Instruct, sikhlana, sikhana, batlana. 
NSTRUCTED, muTillam, 540 : to Je— , 1267. 
NSTRUCTioN, ta'Um, talkin, murldi, sik- 
ha'i, tarbiyat, ustadi, {advice) salah : re- 
ligions — , murshidi. 
NSTRUCTOR, mu'aUim, {religious) murshid . 
NSTRUMENT, alat, ala, jantr, hathyar, {agent) 
wasna,wasita, (>-easo»)ba'is,miijib, (M.'n7?cn 
contract) kabala, machalka : musical — , 
baja, saz : — for piercing walls, nakb : 
— for twisting ropes, batna, tera : noun 
of—, ism-i-alat. 
Instrumental, {aiding) mu'in, mumidd : 

vocal and — music, gana-bajana. 
Insubordinate, be-rabt, be-lagam, magra. 
Insufferable, na-sahne-jog, be-bardasht. 



2322 



INT 



INT 



IN^-^ 



IxsuFFiciENCY, kusur, kaim, na-la'iki. 

Insufficient, kasir, nakis, na-rasa. 

Insult, chher, tanz, hatk, subkl, be-izzaS. 

To Insult, chherna, ktarna, be-izzati *. 

iNSURANCE.awak.blma. iNSURGENT.bagbi. 

Insurrection, balwa, shorish, hangama. 

Integer, Integral, salilh, tamam, pura. 

Integrity, tamami, piirapan, {konesfy) ras- 
ti, sacba'i, diyanat, amanat, rast-bazl. 

Integument, chhal, parda, jhilli, chamra. 

Intellect, akl, fahm, kbirad, budh, bosh. 

Intellectual, akli, gyani : — faculty, ku- 
wat-i-darraka : — powers, mudrika. 

Intelligence, see Intellect, {news) kha- 
bar : secret — writing, kbufya-nawlsl. 

iNTELLiGENCER.khufya-nawis.akhbar-pawis 

Intelligent, akil, gyani, aklmand, fahim, 
dana, wakif, bosbyar, zTrak, khiradmand. 

Intelligible, ma'kul, mumkinu-1-idrak. 

Intemperance, bad-parbezi, be-i'tidall. 

Intemperate, gbair-mu'tadil, bad-parhez. 

Intemperature, gbair-mu'tadill. 

To Intend, irada h., kasd k., cbabna. 

Intendant, amin, darogba, nazir, karora, 
(of the finances) amil. 

Intended, maksud. Intending, azim. 

Intense, sbadid, sakbt, tund, ziyada, bara. 

Intensely, sakbt, ba-shiddat, nibayat. 

Intenseness, sbiddat, sakbtl, ziyadatT. 

Intent, Intention, irada, kasd, azm, gba- 
raz, nlyat, [airn] maksad, matlab : — on, 
— upon, sar-garm, mutawajjih, sbaukin, 
dhuni, 1193: to be — on, tbanna, ka- 
mar bandhna, 555. Intentional, In- 
tentionally, kasdan, amdan. 

Intently, gbaur se, dil-masbgbull se. 

Intentness, kawish, kadd kawisb. 

To Inter, garna, dafn k., mitti d. 

Intercalary, kabisa : — month, laund. 

roIxTERCEDE,sbafri'aU-.lNTERCEDING,1379 

To Intercept, katna, atkana, muzabamat 
*. To be Intercepted, kat rabna. 

Intercepting, Interception, kat", atka'o. 

Intercession, wasatat, shafa'at, siparisb. 

Intercessor, sbafi', miyanji, shafi". 

Interchange, erapherl, mubadala, ulat- 
-pulat : to — , ultana-pultana. 

Interchangeable, mutabaddil. 

Intercourse, funad-raft, amad-shud,alaka, 
sarokar, mu'Smala : to have unrestricted 
— ,milna-julna : to keep up an — , rahrakhna 

Interdict, Interdiction, man", manahl. 

To Interdict, man" k., iiahi k. 

Interest, {concern) gbaraz, parwa, {share) 
liis?a, bakhra, sajba, {benefit) fa'jda, naf*, 
liibh, (in/77<encc)asar, kudrat, {tmury) byaj, 
sud : at — , {money) sudl : to — , ahlka 
rakhna, {affect) lagna, asar k. : to make 
— , wasTIa paida k., 730 : {money lent) 
without — , kar^-i-basana. 



Interested, gbaraz-ashna, gharzl, lalcbi. 
Interestedness,1470.Interesting,1056. 
To Interfere, hatb dalna, dakbli., gbus- 

nS : — in others' disputes, 1516. 
Interference, barham-zani, dakhl, 1868. 
Interjection, barf: — of calling, 955. 
Interim, darmiyan, dar-Ia-asna, itne men. 
Interior, batun, bbitarl, daruni, dakhil. 
Interlinear translation, tabt-lafzl. 

iNTERLOCUTOR.kalim.T'olNTERLOPE.dakbU 

Interlude, tamasba. 
To Intermeddle, daldil k., bath dalna. 
Intermediate, mutawassit, bain-bain, dar- 
miyan, ma bain : — space, antar, fasila. 
Interment, tadfin, dafn. 
To Intermingle, {v. n.) mibia, makbiat A., 

(». a.) milana, makhlit k., gbal-rael k. 
Intermission, chhutti, nagba, mublat, ta*- 

tll, antar : without — , ala-1-ittisal. 
To Intermit, nagba k., antar dekar ana. 
Intermittent, or — fever, antriya : — 

fever, barl ki tap, tap-i-naubat. 
To Intermix, see To Intermingle. 
Internal, batin, batini, bhitri, daruni. 
Internally, andar, bbltar, batin men. 
7'olNTERPOSE,bich-bicba'oi.,bicbmeiiparna 
lNTERP0SER,bicbwant. Interposing, 1B44. 
Interposition, bicb-bicha'o, wasatat. 
rolNTERPRET,tarjumaA'. ; — dreams, ta'bir k. 
Interpretation, tarjuma, tashrlh, 665. 
Interpreter, tarjuman, do-bhasbiya, mu- 

tai-jim : — of dreams, mu'fibbir, 665. 
Interred, madfun : to be — , faut h. 
To Interrogate, su'al k., pucbhna, tokna. 
Interrogation, piicbh-paebb, istifbam. 
iNTERROGATivEjistifhami. Interrogator, 
sa'il, mustafsir. Interrogatory, su'al, 
istifbam, {adj.) istifhami. 
To Interrupt, bat katna, bbanji d., dakbl 
k., rokna : — one's speech, jibb pakarna. 
lNTERRUPTED,sbikast-kbiirda:<o4e — , katna 
Interrupter, bbanji-kbor, mukhill, 9.55. 
Interruption, kbalal. harakat, rok, atka'o. 
To Intersect, takatu" k., katna, cblrna. 
lNTERsECTioN,kat.'',takatu',nukt.a-i-taka!:u' 
Interstice, fasila, asna, darar ; — of the 
fingers or toes, gba'I: — of the teeth, rekh. 
To Intertwine, bunna, (». n.) baundna. 
Interval, antar, arsa, asna, darmiyan, ma- 
-bain, {respite) wakfa : without — , 8056. 
To Intervene, darmiyan parna, bich ana. 
Intervenient, Intervening, l.m'jl, Jarl. 
Intervention, wasTla, bTcb-bicha'o. 
Interview, muliikat, darsan, bbet, duchar, 
dTdilr : seeking or soliciting an — , dldar- 
-kb\yali : to have an — , duchiir h. 
Intestine, {adj.) bhitri, dariini, gharela, 
dcsi : — broils, khana-jangi : — war, apas 
kT lapVI. 
Intesti.nes, anteii, antriyau, am'S. 



Intimacy, ulfat, mu'anasat, ashna'i, rael. 

Intimate, {adj.) mauiis, dakbil, milansar, 
{subst.) an ■ — , mabram, ham-dam, bam- 
-raz : to become — , 599 : to become — 
with, munh cbarhna ; to be — , hil-mil^'. .* 
to be the most — friendof any one, 1019: 
to be — with inferiors, muhh lagiina. 

To Intimate, cbitana, ishara k., jatana. 

Intimation, isbara, ima, kLabar, agahl. 

To Intimidate, darana, dabsbat d., dantna. 

Intimidation, ghm-fish, dharalla. 

Into, men, ke bhitar, ke andar : see In. 

Intolerable, an-saha, gbaii--mutabammal. 

To Intoxicate, mast k., matwalaX;., 207. 

Intoxicated, mast, matwala, madmata, 
mad'busb ; to be — , matna, mast A., 904. 

Intoxicating, {adj.) nasbila, nasbe-diir : 

— drug, kaif, tbanda'i, waraku-1-khayal: 

— liquor, Sfc, nasha, kaitba, sukr, {from 
bhang or hemp) bang, jhajba, sabzi, gho- 
la : — spirit drawn from rice, darbabra. 

Intoxication, be-boshi, sar-garani, amal, 
nasha, masti, makbmiiri : — and drowsi- 
ness from opium, pinak, pinki: emotion 
of — , gahak: to be agitated by — ,gabakna. 

Intransitive, {as a verb) laziml, akarmak. 
Intrenchment, alang, sangar, fasll, kha'i. 

Intrepid, diler,jan-baz, be-parwa,dil-awar. 

iNltfiEPiDiTY, dilerl, jan-bazi, sar-bazi, loB. 

Intrepidly, dilerana, be-baki se, dilerl se. 

Intricacy, Intricateness, uljha'o, pech. 
Intricate, pecb-dar-pech, {abstruse) 1928. 

Intrigue, bandish, ant-sant, {dakh.) fitiir. 

To Intrigue, gatha'o ganthna. 

Intriguing, yarl. Intriguer, isbk-baz, 
rasiya, bandishi, fitratl. 

Intrinsically, bi-zati-hi, asalatan. 

Intrinsic, Intrinsic AL,asl5,zati,ma"nawI. 

To Introduce, {to a person) mulakat kar- 
ana, sbinasa'I karana, milana, {to a place) 
lana, dar-lana : — a custom, adat k., 
jarl *., kbo dalna: — a discourse, Sfc, 
dar-miyan lana. Introduced, mudkhal. 

Introducing, mudkliil. 

Introduction, idkhiil : — of a book, dibaja. 

To Intrude, dakbl k., hath diilna, ghus 
parna, ghusernii : ■ — upon, daman daba 
baithna. Intrusion, dakhl-i-beiil. 

To Intrust, sompna, supurdA., 174. 

Intrusted with a business, ubda-diir. 

Intuition, ilkii, ilbam, ma'rifat. Intui- 
TivE,ladunnI: — knowledge,\lm-\-\a.d\inm. 

Intumescence, soth, siijan, warara, philan. 

To Intwine, jorna, batnii, bal d., 380. 

To Invade, takht *., yuiish *., clmrha'i k. 

Invalid, {weak) ?a'if, roglla, {ttull) biijil. 

To Invalidate, za'if k., faskh k , biil.il *. 

Invaluable, a-mol, anmol, be-balm, aziz. 

Invariable, be-tabaddul, be-tagbaiyur. 

Inv.\8ion, takht, yiirish, lashkar-kashi. 



INW 



JOY 



2323 



Invective, gfilT, ta'na-zani, zubiln-danizi. 
To Inveigle, lihulrina, ubharna, 1558. 
To Inveigh, dokhna, ta'n-tashni* k. 
Inveigler, (lam-baz, warghalanne-wala. 
To Invent, ikhtira" k., Ijad k., nikalna. 
Invented, muklitara" : to be — , nikalna. 
Invention, ikhtira', ijad, ihdas, {fiction) 

banawat, siikht, bandish,(o/a juoeOJaulani. 
Inventor, mujid, mukbtari" wazi", banl. 
Inventory, ta'lika, talika, fihrist, siyaha. 
Inverse, mun'akis, ulta, wazhgiin, makliib. 
Inversion, inhiraf, in'ikiis, aks, wazbguni. 
To Invert, ultana, aundhana, pberna. 
Inverted, ma'kus, aundba, malilub, 1961. 
Invertedly, bi-l-aks, bi-1-inlcilab. 
To Invest, (besiege) ilmta k., gherna, (give) 

dena, bakbshna, (with a robe of honour) 

Uiil'at d. or pahiiana. 
Invested with authority, mukhtar, gaun- 

-gir : — with supreme power, maljkiim. 
To Investigate, chbanna, tajwiz k., 564. 
Investigation, raubabasa, tajassus, 776. 
^Investigator, bicharak, khojiya, 263. 
lNVESTiNG,muhasara. lNVESTiTURE,taklId. 
Inveteracy, kubnagi, sbiddat, sakhtl. 
Inveterate, muzmin, kubna, dini, sbadid. 
Invidious, adawat-angez , (dakh.) cbursi. 
To Invigorate, kawi k., mazbut k. 
Invigoration, takwiyat, tawana'i, pusbtta. 

nvincible, a-jit, a-tal, gbair-maghliib. 
Inviolable, Inviolate, a-chbiitii, na-bi- 

garne ka, a-badb, be-futiir, na-guftani. 
Invisibility, gbaib, gbaibubat, na-didagi. 
lNVisiBLE,a-gochar,an-dekba,a-siijh,ghaib, 

a-lakh : — being, S(c., rijalu-1-ghaib (see 

col. 1165) : — world, alam-i-gbaib. 
Invisibly, gba'ibana, andikha'i se. 
Invitation, da*wat, nyota, istid'a, bulabat, 

da'wat-nama : to force an — , dba'i d. 
To Invite, nyotna, notna, da'wat k., bul- 

ana, {allure) bhulana, wargbalauna. 
Inviter, da'i, bulane-wala, bhulane-wala. 
Inviting, {alluring) jiizib, dil-kasb. 
Invitingly, dil-ruba'i se, dil-paziri se. 
To Inundate, gbark k., dubo d., sailab k. 
Inundation, abla, sailab, tiifUn, tughyam. 
Invocation, du'a, munajat, istid'a, da'wat. 
Invoice, bijak, siyaba, fibrist-i-ajnas. 
To Invoke, du'a mangna, munajat A. 
To Involve, (inwrap) lapetke bandbna, 

mjindna, (comprise) sbamil k., (entangle) 

uljbana, phansiina : to — in difficulty, 

ghole men dalnfi. Involved, giriftar, 

malfuf : to be — , pbasna, 165, 1248. 
Involuntarily-, be-kasd, be-ikbtiyar. 
Involuntary, be-ikbtiyar, iztirari. 
Involution, pech, uljba'o, kashmakash. 
To Inure, kho-gar k., adi k., adat k. 
Inutility-, be-hasill, nikammapan. 
Inward, Inwards, bhitar, andar, batini 



men: Inward ;)ar<, batiri : Inwardly, 
bhitar, dil men. 

Job, tabal, (stab) hiil, (n.prop.) aiySb. 

Jobber, tablu'a, ajura-dar, sarraf. 

Jockey, chabuk-sawar, asp-farosh. 

JocKEYSHip, chabnk-sawari, sawar-karl. 

Jocose, JocnLAR,thathoI,hansor,tbathe-baz 

JocosENESS, Jocularity, thathe-bazl,737. 

Jocund, khush-tab', rangila, zinda-dil. 

Jog, dhakka, hachkola : to — , dhakka d. 

JoGEE, jogi : — 's hut, mandhi. 

To Join, (v. n.) jurna, milna, lagna, satna, 
767, (v. a.) jorna, milana, lagana, santna, 
wasl A. ; — in battle, (v. n.) bhirna : — 
in partnership or confederacy, sharlk h. 

Joined, muttasil, paiwasta, sanjukt, satl- 
-sati, wasil : to be — , gathna, jurna, 404. 

Joiner, (carpenter) barba'i, najjiir, sutar. 

Joining, (subst.) jor, sant, gatha'o, laff. 

Joint, jor, giintb, band, girih, (united, 
adj.) mushtarak, mila, mila-jula : — of 
bamboo, sugar-cane, Sfc, pori, tonta, pon- 
ga, nal : — of the fingers or of a tama- 
rind, porii'a : to — , band band juda *. 

Jointed, girih-dar, gathila, jor-dar. 

Jointly-, milke, milkar, bi-1-ishtirak. 

Joints, mafasil. Jointure, mahr, kabin. 

Joist, kari, tir, ja'iz, dhani. 

Joke, thatha, khilli : in — , tanzan : to turn 
off with a — , dam se talna : to — , thatha 
mama, thatha k., khush-tab '1 k. 

Joker, thathe-baz, thathol, khilli-baz. 

To make Jokes, maziikhen k. Joking, 737. 

JoLE,kalla,gal: — o/a/sA.machhllkakalla. 

Jollity, yar-bashi, aish o ashrat, khiishi. 

Jolly, khush, hans-mukh, zinda-dil, bhogi, 
nek-tan : — fellow, yar-bash, aiyash. 

Jolt, dhakka, jhok, lachka, hachkola, bachka. 

To Jolt, dhakka d., lacbkana, hichkana. 

Jonah, yunas. Jonesia asoca, asok, ashok. 

Ionia, yunan. Ionian, yaman, yiinam. 

Jonquille, gul-i-nargis, nargis-i-shabla. 

Jorden, peshab-dan, baul-dan. 

Joseph, yiisuf. To Jostle, dhakelna, tbelna. 

Jot, Iota, zarra, nukta, til, tinka. 

Jovial, bbogl, hansmukh, khiish, shadman. 

Journal, awarja, daftar, roz-nama, 1196. 

Journey", safar, musafarat, siyahat, jatra : 
day's — , marhala, manzil : getting over a 
— , kat'i-riih : provision for a — , kharchi: 
to — , safar k. : to — towards, kasd k. 

Journeyman, kamasut, kamera, karanda. 

Journeys, day's — , mariihil. 

Joy, khushi, farhat, babjat, ilnand, bilas : to 
give — , (congratulate) mubarak-badi d. 

Joyful, shadman, magan, bagh-bagh, 957. 

Joyfully, khushi-khushi, khushi se. 

Joyfulness, shadmani, khush-wakti. 

Joyless, udas, na-khush, be-halawat. 

Joyous, khush, ^urram, mahzuz, bashshash. 



poMfKA quamnclit, isbk-pcchfi. 

RASciBinTY, nafs-i-sab'i, nafs-i-lauwama. 

rascible, tund-kho, ziid-ranj, ohirchira. 

RE, ghazab, khashm. ghusija, itab. 

Ris, zambak (.'). To Irk, dukh d., satana. 

RKS0ME,thaka'ii,8akht,na-gawar,dushwar. 

RON, loha, fiban, Ijadid, sar : of — , made 
of — , abani, ahaniii, lohiya : — age, kali- 
-jug, kali : — handed, ahanln-panja : — 
mine, loh-sar : — mirror, tawa : — plate 
on which bread is baked, tawa : old — 
pots, lokbar : smoothing — , istri : to — , 
(smooth with an iron) istrl *: ; untem- 
pered — , kach-lohi, kach-lohiya : worker 
in — , aban-gar : yellow oxyde of — , 
multani matti. 

RONiCAL expression, kinaya. 

RONS, (fetters, manacles) beri, do-kala, 
1439 : to put in — , tauk-zanjir k. 

RONY, bajo-mallh, laba. 
To Irradiate, ujala k., munawwar *. 

RRADiATioN, sbu'a'-andazl, tanwir. 

RRATioNAL, ua-ma'kiil, nir-buddhi. 

RRECONciLABLE,mumtana'ii-l-islah,a-mel, 

RRECOVERABLE, mumtana'u-t-talisil. 

RREGULAR,be.rabt,be-ka'ida,khilaf-i-kiyas 

RREGULARiTY,khilaf-kiyasi,khilaf-dastiirI. 

RRELATiVE, be-nisbat, be-alaka, be-laga'o. 

RRELiGioN, be-imani, Uhad, be-dlnl, kufr. 

rreligious, be-din, bad-maz'hab, mulhid. 

rremediadle, la-ilaj, na-ilaj-pazir. 

RREP arable, ghair-marammat-pazir. 

RREPREHENSIBLE, IRREPROACHABLE, bc- 

-ilzam. Irresistible, a-thambh, a-rok. 

RRESOLUTE, a-dbir, mutaraddid, be-istiklal. 

RRESOLUTioN,adhirta,taraddud,be-istiklalI. 

RREVERSiBLE, IRREVOCABLE, na-radd-pa- 
zlr. To Irrigate, sinchna, tar A., serabi. 

RRIGATION, sinch, ab-dihi, bhiga'i. 

RRiGUOus, shjidab, serab, tar, shabnamdar. 

RRITABILITY, be-damaghi. 

RRITABLE, harbariya, 432 : to be — , 827. 
To Irritate, khijana, cbherna, chirana. 
To be Irritated, chirna, dikk h., khafa h. 

rritating. Irritation, chher, cbir. 

rruption, cbarha'i, takht, yurish, paith. 

s, hai, haiga. Isaac, is'hak. 

SCHURY-, habsu-1-baul, mii'tr-dokh. 

SH, (adjunct to words) sa, se, si. 

SHMAEL, isma'il, isma'il, zabiliu-Uah. 

singlass, (the fishy material) saresh-i- 
-mahl, (the mineral) abhrak, bbural. 

SLAND, Isle, jazira, dip, dwip, tapii, tara. 

SRAELiTES, bam-isra'Il. 

SSUE, (egress) khuruj, (outlet) nikal, nikas, 
makbraj, (consequence, end) natJja, far- 
jam, ma'al, akibiit, (offspring) aulad, bans, 
(a sore) gul, bandarkhat : happy — , khair- 
-ma'al : to make an — , gul d. 
To Issue, (v. n.) nikalna, nisarna, jari A., 



2324 



JUN 



paida h., karhnii, pargatna, (r. a.) nikal- 

na, jari k., paida A. : to cause to — , ni- 

kalna, nikalwana. Issued, (adj.) sadir. 
ssuisG, {mbst.) kiuruj, sudur. 
STHMUS, anak-i-arz, gardan-i-zamin (?). 
T, wuh, wah, yib, yah, o, so, is, us, ise, use. 
TCH, kharisli, kiiaj, (desire) ragkhat, chat. 
To Itch, chulchulana, khujlana, kulbulana. 
TCHiNG, (stibst.) khujlahat. Itchy, 971. 
TEM, (adv.) aizan, (subst.) babat, daf'a. 
To Iterate, ratna, dolirana, tihrana. 
TERATiox, rat, duhra'o, tihra'o, takarnir. 
TixERANT, khana-ba-dosh, sailaul, ramta. 
TSELF, yih-ap, wuh-ap, ap-hi, khud, ap. 

UBILEE, jashn-i-amm, !d, nau-roz, holi. 
UDAISM, musa*i, maz'hab-i-yahiidi. 
UDEA, yahudiya. 
UDGE, kfiy.T, Ijakim, maida, munsif, (well 

skilled) wakif-kar, mahir, ustad. 
To Judge, insaf i., nya'e A., (sentence) fat- 

wa d., hukm k., (yj^p^ose) janna, bujhna. 
Judges, kuzat. Judgeship, maula'i. 
Judgment, (discernment) bichar, tamiz, 

hosh, firasat, (opinion) daryaft, danist, ki- 

yas, ra'e, (sentence of a judge) fatwa, ka- 

za, tajwiz, (punishment) kahr, ^azab : 

day of — , mabshar, yaumu-1-hisab, ras- 

takhez, roz-i-jaza. 
Judicatory, adalat, mahkama, kachahri. 
Judicature, kaza. Judicial, shar'i. 
Judicious, hoshyar, ba-tamiz, gyani. 
Judiciously, akilana. 
Jug, kiiza, kulhra, kulhar, snrahl, 1521. 
Juggle, dhandhal, hukka-bazl, dith-bandJ. 
To Juggle, dith-bandi k., sliTsha-bazi k. 
Juggler, hukka-baz, dith-band, sha'bada- 

-baz, tonha -.female — , bhanmati, tonha'I. 
Jugglery, Juggling, batte-bazi, 1393. 
Jugular vein, hablu-1-warid, shah-rag (.>). 
Juice, ras, arak, ma, shira, usara, panl. 
JuicELESS, be-ras, be-arak, J^ushk. 
Juiciness, shadabi, serabi, rasdari. 
Juicy, rasTlii, tar, shadab, ras-bhara, serab. 
JujUB, (fruit) ber, unnab, (Iree) jhar-ber. 
Of the colour of the Jujub, unnabi. 
JcLAP, jullab, ek khush-maza patli dawa. 
Kind of acolopendra or JuLUS, kan-sala'i. 
July-August, sawan, srawan. 
Jumble, khalt, mel : to — , makhlut k., 

ghalmel k., mila d., ghangholna (?). 
Jumbled, ghal-rael: to be — %(?««•, hilmilj. 
Jump, phalang, kulanch, zaghand, kud, jast 
To Jump, kudna, jast k., uchakna : — about, 

kudaknii, kudna phandna : — over, phand- 

na, tapj., langhnii, nanghna. 
Ju.nction, jor, paiwand, itti?al, mila'o. 
Juncture, sanjog, itti?al, wakt, dam, lialat, 

?imn : in the critical — , inda-1-wakt. 
JuNE-Jui.Y, asarh. 
JuNioB, chhota, kuchak, jaBll'r. luhra. 



KEE 

Junto, bandish ka guroh, gathri, ittifiik. 

Ivory, (subst.) hathi-dant, aj, fil-dandan, 
21 67, (adj. made of — ) aji, hathi-dant ka. 

Jupiter, (planet) mushtari, brihaspati. 

Jurisdiction, hukm, hukiimat, amal, kaza. 

Jurisprudence, fikh, ilm-i-fikh, masla. 

JuRY,panchayat: — »B(M<,phaltii-dol(Roe4.). 

Just, (adj. equitable) adil, munsif, dad-gar, 
(exact, as weights) pura, chaukas, sach- 
cha, (upright) rast, durust, sadik, (accu- 
rate) thik, sahili, (honest) sachcha, rast- 
-baz, (adv.) sirf, fakat, karib, thik : — ap- 
pearing, hadis : — norv, ab, ab-hi, al-hal. 

Justice, insaf, adl, nyaw, dad, adalat, hakk, 
(judge) kazi : administration of — , adl- 
-gustari : crying out for — , dad-o-bedad, 
doha'i : to demand — , dad-bedad k. : to 
do — , dad ko pahunchana, adl k. : to ob- 
tain — , dad ko pahunchna. 

JusTiciA adhatoda and gandarussa, arus, 
bakas : — nasuta, palak-jiihT, kabutar ka 
jhar : — paniculata, (dakh.) kariyat. 

Justifiable, uzr-pazir,hujjat-pazlr,wajibi. 

Justification, be-guniih-sazi, himayat. 

Justificator, Justifier, be-gunah.s:iz. 

To Justify, ja'iz rakhna, uzr lana, mu'af i. 

Justified, bariyu-z-zimma. 

To Justle, dhakka d. Justling, 1097. 

Justly, rasti se, munsifana, wajibi se. 

Justness, durusti, rastl, sazawari, sacha'i. 

To Jut, nikalaa, barh ana, phut parna. 

Juvenile, jawani, nau-khasta, tarun. 

Ivy, bel (.'), banda (?) : wild — , babiina. 

IxoRA undulata, palak-juhi. 



K^mpferia rotunda, bhuu-champa. 

Kama, Kamde'o, Kamadeva, pardamun, 
mar, madan, manmath: wife of — , rati. 

KAURi with a hole in it, kani kauri. 

To Kaw, kan kan k., kawwe-sa chillana. 

To Keck, ubakna, chhandna, kai k. 

KEEL,na'okadan(la,pathan,erab,eraf(floei.) 

Keen, burran, ab-dar, (pungent) tez, hadd, 
tund, (eager) shaukin, sar-garm, (severe) 
tund, sakht. 

Keenness, burrani, tezi, hiddat, shauk. 

To Keep, rakhna, dharna, dhama, rakhna, 
(detain) atkana, rokna, (lay by) rakh d., 
nigah rakhna, (guard) mgah-ham k., pas- 
-bani *., (protect) bachana, mabfiiz rakh- 
na, (last) thaharna, pa'e-dar A. ; — one's 
bed, charpa'e par pafna : — one's faith, 
nibahnii : — under, dabana, dutana : — 
up one's spirits, dharas bandhana. 

Keeper, nig.ihban, nignhdar, rakhwSla, 
rakhaiya, rachchliak, (dakh.) rakkanhar, 



KIN 

talari, (in compos.) wal, wala, dar, ban : 

— of a gaming house, S^c, phariya. 
Keeping, (subst.) rakhwali,hifiizat,pasbam, 

(cAacye)sipurd ipricepaidfor — , rakhwa'i. 
Keepsake, yad-gari, yad-biid, nishani. 
Ken, nigah, nazar : to — , diir se dekhna. 
Kennel, (for dogs) tazl-khana, (pack of 

hounds) tazi kutte, (gutter) nali, moiihri. 
Kept, (part.) rakha, dhara, (adj.) musal- 

1am. Kermes, kirmiz. 
Kernel, maghz, guthli, giidi, kalb, lubb : 

— of a cocoa-nut, gola, khopra : — of a 
nut, (dakh.) charoli : full of — , marfiz- 
-dar : (fruit, Sfc.) the kernel of which is 
rotten, or which has no kernel, kana. 

Kettle, tatahra, deg, degcha, tasla, karah. 

Kettledrum, nakkara, damama, dagar, 
bher, anak, maru : bass — , danka : large 
— , dund, dundubhi, dhaunsa, kos : small 
— , turum, 678 : beater of the — , nakkari, 
nakkai-chi : sound of the — , gamak : wages 
of a beater of the ■ — , danka'i. 

Key, kunji, chabi, miflah, kilid, tali, kill,— 
(note in musick) tan, sur. Kibe, biwa'i " 

Key-hole, kufloii meii kunji jane ka sura^. 

Key-stone, mihrab ke darmiyan ka patthar. 

Khair or Khayar, khair, khadir. 

Kick, lat, lakad, thokar, lat : — of the two 
^indlegsofa quadniped, dulatti : — when 
swimming, latti : — with all the might of 
a person, Sfc, sar-chang. 

To Kick, lat mama, latiyana, thokar mama. 

To suffer a Kick or beating, lat khana. 

Kicked, lat-khor. Kicker, lakad-zan. 

Kid, halwan, memna, bara, buzghala. 

instilled water fromKiD'sflesh,mi'\x-l-\Bi}m. 

To Kidnap, (larke ya admi) chura lejana. 

Kidnapper, bacha-duzd, admi-chor. 

Kidney, gurda, (kind) kism, jins. 

To Kill, mama, mar-diilna, katl k., hatna, 
ji se marna, halak k., parna, badhna, 
khun k. : — animals in the Muhammadan 
fashion, zabh k., halal k. : — animals in 
the Hindu fashion, jhatka *. ; — by build- 
ing a person into a wall, chuna lena : — 
one's self, jauhar k. 

Killed, maktiil, kushta, katil, mara, sha. 
hid, mazbuli : — and missing, fauti firari : 
— with grief, hasrat-kushta : fit or de- 
serving to be — , kushtani. 

To be Killed, katl A., mara j., shahid A. .- 
— in battle, j&jhna, khet meu rahnii. 

Killer, ghatak, katil, kattal, kushanda," ba- 
dhik, (in compos.) mar, maru, kush. 

Killing, (subst.) katl, khun, (adj.) katil. 

Kiln, bhar, bhat, bhatthii, bhathi, (dakh.) 
awa : poller's — , awa. 

Kin, nata, kutum, karabat, saga'T, rishta. 

Kind, (subst.) jins, Ifism, bhanti, prakar, 
(adj.) mihrbiin, raljm-dil, dayal, daya- 



KNE 

want, mushfik, klialTk, bhala ; of what — , 
{adv.) chiguna ; paid, SfC, in — , jinsi : 
the being of the name — , mujanasat, 
_ hamjinsT : very — , akram. 

To KiNDLK, («. n.) jalna, lahakna, sulagna, 
{v. a.) jaliina, phunkna, bharkana, 389. 

Kindled, mushta'tl, 1491 : to he — , jalna. 

KiNDLER, Kindling, {in compos.) afroz. 

Kindly, {adv.) mushfikana, mihrbani se. 

Kindness, mihrbani, shafakat, kirpa, ta- 
wajjub,iltifit,ihsan -.pretended—, tawazu". 

Kindnesses, ashfak, akram, altaf. 

Kindred, {subst.) bha'T-band, akriba, ap- 
nayat, kabll, {adj.) ham-nasl, ham-zat. 

Kinds, aksara, anwa*, asnaf: composed of 
different — , mujannas: of various — , 1 189. 

King, raja, shah, biidshah, prithlnath, bhu- 
piil, malik, sultan, mahipat, khakan, taj- 
dilr, shahryar : — of kings, shahanshah. 

Kingdom, mulk, saltanat, badshahat, riij. 

Kingdoms, mamillik : three — of nature, 
{anim., veg., and niin.) mawalid-i-salasa. 

Kingfisher, kanriyala (?), machhranga (?). 

Kingly, badshahana, khusrawana, shahi. 

Kings, muluk. King's court or assembbj, 
raj-sabha, sarkar; — son, raj-kui'iwar. 

Kingship, raja'I, badshahl, rajaut! (?). 

Kinsfolk, bha'i-band, akriba, apnayat. 

Kinsman, bandhu, bandbu'a, khwesh, 1*76. 

Kinsmen, khwesh-karabat. 

Kinswoman, yagani, zau-i-khwesh-awand. 

Kiss,chflma,bosa,machchhi,mittha,(</aAA.) 
mitha : smack, sound of a — , chatakha. 

To Kiss, chumna, bosa d., bosa lena, muuh 
lagana : — a person's threshold, astana- 
-bosi *. ; — hands, dast-bosi k. .- — the 
eye,dIda-bosIA. .- — thefeet,ka.Aamchumna.. 

Kissing, {subst.) chuman, chumban, {in 
compos.) bos : — and toying, bosa-bazi. 

Kitchen, bawarchi-khana, matbakh, raso'i, 
{dakh.) babarchi-khana : — garden, bari, 
tarkari ka baghcha : superintendant or 
chief of the — , bakawal, mir-mal.bakh. 

Kite, chil, khad, zaghan, chuza : Jlesh of a 

— , chilhwans : papei , patang, guddi, 

chang, tilanga : part of a paper — to ivhich 
the string is tied, kanna : paste applied to 
the string of a paper — to cut that of 
another, manjha. 

Kitten, billl ka bachcha : to — , byana. 

Knack, dhab, liyakat, salTka, hathklianda. 

Knapsack, jhul, jholi, sipahi ka thaila. 

Knave, dagha-baz, aiyar, jul-baz, makkar. 

Knavery, dagha-bazi, aiyari, chhal, 1008. 

Knavish, dhundhela, sharlr, dagha-baz. 

Knavishly, dagbabazi se, baddiyanati se. 

To Knead, sannii, gudhnii, gundhna. 

Board on which dough is Kneaded, patra. 

Kneading the limbs, chapp! : — trough, 
lak : vessel for — dough in, tabak, kab. 



KOR 

KNEE,the'ona,zanii,ghutna,ghontna,(rfaiA.) 
gurga, mandl : — deep, ghutne tak. 

To Kneel, do-zanu baithna : to — and sit 
on the two feet behind, do-zanQ baithna. 

Kneepan, a'Ina, chakkl, khurpa, khuriya. 

Knife, chhuri, kard, kattan : — used for 
cutting tobacco, autan : large — , chhura : 
shoemaker's — , rampi, {dakh.) rapl : 
small — , {dakh.) chaku. 

Knight, bahadur : — at chess, ghora, asp. 

To Knit, binna, bunna : — the eyebrows, 
(bhaweii) tannl, (bhawen) khainchni. 

Knitter, baghair tant ke binne-wala. 

Knitting-needle, sala'i, binne kl sii'I. 

Knob, girih, ganth, {dakh.) halda. 

Knobbed, Knobby, girih-diir, gathlla. 

Knock, char, patkan, thes, zarb, mar. 

To Knock, pitna, patakna, thonkna, khat- 
khatana, thonk d. : — against, takkar 
mama, thesna : — al the door, darwaza 
thokna : — doivn, parna, mar girana, gi- 
Ta.d., {a building, Sfc.) dhana : — off or 
out, jharna, sat d. : — together the heads 
of two people, takrana. 

Knocker, {of a door) balka, halka-dar. 

Knocking against, takkar : — at a door, 
(arf/.)halka-zan : — ofheadtohead,taMkar. 

Knot, ganth, girih, akd, gilat, giltl, gul- 
jharl, {of ribbons, ifc.) pech, phiil, {dif- 
ficulty) pech, ukda, igblak. 

To Knot, ganthna, {entangle) uljhana. 

Knots, pech o tab : — in cloth, gathuTi. 

Knotted, ganth-diir : — string tied round 
the neck of a child, ganda : to be — to- 
gether, gathna. Knotty, gathila, ganth- 
-gatliTla, girih -dar, {abstruse) mughlak : 
inclining to be — or curled, girih -gir. 

To KNo'w,janua, ma'lum*., samajhna, {re- 
cognise) pahchanna, chinhna. 

Knowing, {subst.) gyan, {adj.) pakka, pra- 
bln, pukhta, failsuf, alim, syana, chatur, 
garha, {part, in compos.) dan, jan : — 
nothing, hechmadiin : — the letters, harf- 
-ashna : — the past and future, llim-i- 
-gliaib: — the worth or value {of persons), 
kadr-dan. Knowingly, aklse,jan-biijhke. 

Knowledge, danish, ilm, gyan, budh, dii- 
nist, samajh, wakifiyat, shu'ur, irfan, 
{skill) maharat, hikmat, salika, dhab, 
{cognisance) pahchan, shinasa'i, ma'rifat : 
— of God, khuda-shinasi: — of language, 
zaban-dani : to get a — of, jan lena. 

Known, ma'riif, ma'liim, gochar, danista, 
bidit : — by the name, urf : —for truth, 
mutiakkak : well — , mashhur, urfi. 

Knuckle, unglou ka girih, band, ganth. 

Knuckles, thola: to strike with the — , 743. 

KoBAH, karun. Krishna, krishna, man- 
mohan, mohan, balbir, nandlal, bihari, 
yadunath : birthplace of — , gokul. 

8 B 



Kur'an, {coran) kur'an, mu?'haf, furkan : 
one who has the whole — by heart, Ijafiz. 



Lahkl, pata, chitthl. Labium vulvte, palla. 

Labial, adharl, shafti. 

Laboratory, karkhana, kimiya'I karkhana. 

Laborious, {hard-working) mihnati, dhunT, 
khattu, {tiresome) dnshwar, sakht. 

Laboriously, mihnat se, ang-torke. 

Labour, mihnat, mashakkat, koshish, kadd, 
mazilri,(m childbirth)^n, dard-i.zih,(/oi7) 
kadd o kawish, ranj , tag dau, {work) kam , 
kaj, {exercise) kasrat : fruitless, lost, or 
vain — , fi'1-i-abas, rabar, {dakh.) sir- 
-phori : price of — , mazdurl ; time of — 
or birth, hailaj. 

To Labour, mihnat k., mazdurl k., 1052. 

L.\B0URER, kuU, mihnati, mazdiir, maziir. 

Labyrinth, warta, bhanwar-jal, pech tab. 

Lac, lakha, lak, lah, mahawar : a red colour 
procured from — , lakhl : to apply — , 
lakhna : to smear with — , lakhauta k. 

Lace, banat, gota, doriya, dhanak, tiraz. 

roLACERATE,pharna : — with the nails, 34;,. 

Lacerated, chakLACERATiNG, (in co»i.)982 

Laceration, chlr, phar, kharasb, chak. 

Lacerta iguana, bis-khopra : — scincus, 
reg-mahi, sakankur, {dakh.) sakunkor. 

Lack, {deficiency) kami, killat, ilitiyaj, 
{the Indian numeral, 100,000) liikh, lak. 

Lacker, raughan. Lackey, see Servant. 

Lactuca saliva, kahu. Lad, gabru, jawan, 
launda, nau-jawan. Ladanum, ladan. 

Ladder, sirhl, zina, nardban, sopan, {of 
bamboo)paYa\: scaling — of cord, kamand. 

To Lade, {load) ladna, {bale) phenk d. 

Laden, bujhail : to be — , ladna. 

Ladies, nisa. Lading, bharti, bojh, 374. 

Ladle, do'i, kafcha, karchha, kafgir, 357. 

Lady, khatun, bibi, ashrafzadi, khanam. 

Young Lady, kunwari, begma. 

To Lag, ahista chalna, der *., dhila chalna. 

Lagebstrcemia^o* regime, jaral. 

Laical, Laity, dunya-dar,girhist, sansarik. 

Lake, jhTl, talab, bubaira, {colour) kirmiz. 

Lamb, bher ka bachcha, lela, bare, hulwan. 

Lame, langra, lang, {of the hands) lulii. 

To Lame, langra k., lang A., pangu X-. 

Lameness, langra'I, langrahat, kusiir. 

To Lament, gham *., nala*., rona, afsosi., 
nauha k., ta'assuf Xr., sir par khak dalna. 

LAMENTABLE,matam-angez,kabil-i-matam. 

Lament.\tion, nala, zarT, rona, nauha. 

Lamenter, nala-kash, nauha-gar, nalan. 

To Laminate, belna. Laminated, partila. 

Lamp, chiragb, diya, dip, dipak, siraj, 550. 

Lampblack, duda, kajal, kajjal, kajla : in- 



2326 



LAR 



strummtforreceivingand keeping — ,1562. 

Lampoon, hajo, kadali : to — , hajo k. 

Lamprey, 69a. LAMPRETS,(m horses) talii. 

Lamp-stand, dlwat, (with parlitions) 911. 

LAMPYRI5, jugnu. Lance, neza, barchhi. 

To Lance, (cut) chonkna, nashtar mama. 

Lancet, nashtar. 

Land, zamin, bhum, arz, barr, {country) 
m\iXk,sir-zamin,{o]iposed to water)'khash- 
kl : — granted to servants for their sub- 
sistence, nan-kar : — held immediately 
from government, khalisa : by — , khushkl : 
moving on — , thai-char. 

To Land, (v. n.) utarna, (v. a.) utarna. 

Land-bailiff, mahto. LANDEDe«M<e,chak. 

Landholder, zamindar, jagirdar, thaknr. 

LANDiNG^/ace, ghat, utar-gah, chauka. 

Landlady, bhathyarin, zamlndarnl. 

Landlord, zamindar, malik, {of an inn) 
mezban, bhatiyara, {owner of a house) sa- 
hib-i-khana, gharwala. 

Landmark, mend, siwana, danda, hadd. 

Lands, arazi. Land-steward, patwarl. 

Lane, gali, naka, galiyara, rah, koliya, 445. 

Language, zaban, boll, bhakha, lisan, su- 
khan, {dialed) desi bhakha, {common) 
chain! boll, muhawara: elegance of — , ma- 
'anl: of the same — , ham-zaban : unin- 
telligible or incorrect — , kachmach. 

Language-master, munshi, akhun, ustad. 

Languid, sust, manda, natawan, za'if. 

Languidness, nakahat : «ee Languor. 

To Languish, murjhana, kumhlana. 

Languishing ap^eara«ceo/Mcciifs,khumar 

Languor, susti, zu'f, natawiini, kahili. 

Lanius, latora : — boulboul, bulbul ; — 
cierulescens, bhujanga : — malabaricus, 401 

Lantern, fanus, kandll, mash'ala, 1522. 

Lantern-jawed, kalla-khushk. 

Lap, god, godi, zanu, {dakh.) dawan : to 
take on the — , koUyana or kauUyana. 

Tb Lap, {wrap up) lapetna, {lick up) chatna. 

Lapidary, jauharl, hajjar, hakkak. 

LAPiscafam!naW«,dasta: — lazuli, lajaward. 

Lappet, pairaman, shamla, dumbala. 

Lapping, {as of a dog drinimj) lup-lup. 

Lapse, chuk, khata, {transition of right from 
one to another) ek ka istihkak dusre ko 
pahunchna. 

ToLa far, {fall) girna, parna, {pass) guzarna . 

Lapwing, ek kism ki chiriya, 1600. 

Larboard, dawa bfirdu {Roeb.). 

Larceny, chori, duzdi. 

Lard, su'ar ki pakkT charbi. 

Large, bara, mota, azTm, kalan, {spacious) 
wasi", farakh : at — , azad, khule bandoii. 

Largely, mufassal, mashriilian, ba-ifrat. 

Large.vess, bara'I, kalani, mota'i. 

Largess, bakhshish, in'am. 

Lark, kumbur, chakawak, bhadrii, agin. 



LAU 

Larynx, kanth, ghanti, tentii'a. 

Lascivious, chulhara, sha'ik, mast. 

Lasciviously, masti se, shahwat-parasti se. 

Lasciviousness, masti, shahwat, achkarl. 

Lash, {thong) kora, chabuk, {stripe) 840. 

To Lash, chabuk marna, kora maina. 

Lass, chhokri, nayaka, doshlza. 

Lassitude, be-tabi, mandagi, thaka'I. 

Last, {adj.) pichhla, iikhir, akhiri, pasin, 
{past) par, guzashta, {adv.) pichhe : — 
day of a month, salakh, masant : — year, 
pichhla baras : {subst.) kalib, kalbud ; at 
— , akhlr, akhirash, akibat, akhiru-1-amr. 

To Last, rahna, chalna, thaharna, pa'edar A. 

Lasting, da'imi, derpa, ka'im, mudam. 

Lastly, nidan, akhiru-1-amr, pichhe. 

Latch, {of a door) phirkl, billi, (doiA.) kara. 

To Latch, phirki lagana. 

Latchef, kafsh-band, tasma. 

Late, be-wakt, {last) pichhla, {adv.) der : 

— at night, bari rat : — in the day, din 
charhke : of- — , aj-kal, chand roz se : so 
— , eti der : the — , marhum, mutawafFi : 
till — , der tak, der talak : to be — , deri 
lagna : to commence any business — in 
the day, din charhana : to grow — , din 
dhalna, din mundna. 

Lately, thore dinon ka : something that 

happened very — , kal ki bat. 
Lateness, dirangi, der, deri, aber. 
Latent, ghaib, nihan, chhipa, makhfi. 
Lateral, jambi, pahlu'i. Laterally, ek 

taraf. Lath, barga, baranga (?). 
Lathe, kharad, kharrat. 
Lather, saban ki kaf : to — , kaf uthiina. 
Lathyrus sativus, kisari. 
Latitude, chaura'i, pahna'i, arz, wus'at, 

{distance from the equator) darja-i-arz, 

{laxity) dhila'i : southern — , 1052. 
Latter, doaon meii ka pichhla, mu'akhkhir: 

— parts, awakhir : — half, uttarardh. 
Lattice, tabdan, jali, jharokha, jhanjhri, 

shabaka, gawachh : — wori, ja'fari, zarih. 

Latticed, mushabhak, jhanjhri-dar. 

Laudable, mamdiih, mahmud, hamida, si- 
tiida, 1896, 1910: — actions or deeds, 
mahiisin, mada'ih : — qualities or man- 
ners, ausaf-i-hamida, aklilak-i-liamida. 

Laudanum, afim ka arak. 

To Lave, dhona, {bathe) ghusl k., {lade 
out) ulachna. 

Lavendula sttechas, istiikhiidus. 

Laugh, hansi, khanda: setting up a — , 996. 

To Laugh, hansna, bihasna, khil j., 2164 : 

— at, bidorna, maz'haka k. : — heartily, 
khilkhiliinii, kahkaha mama : — in one's 
sleeve, munh meii hansna : — out aloud, 
kahkah miirna : to cause — , hansana. 

Laughable, khanda-pazir, kiibil-i-taij'hik. 
Laugher, han8or,bansne-vrala,baus-miikh. 



LAZ 

Laughing, {adj.) mutabassim, rish-khand 
{subst.) hansa, hansi, haha-hihi : — at, 
{sulist.) istihzii : — at another's misfor- 
tunes, {adj.) sharait. 

Laughingstock, maskhara, mazhaka. 

Laughter, hiinsi, hansa, hansi, khanda. 
upahas, {dakh.) hasa, khilkhil : loud — , 
kahkaha, kahaka. 

Lavish, musrif, fazi'd-kharcb. ura'ii. 

To Lavish, urana, israf A., bar-bad k. 

To Launch, bahana, bhasana, hela marna. 

Laundress, dhobin. Laundry, kapredho- 
ne ki jagah. Laurel, tejpiit, dhamast (?). 

Laubus cassia, tej-pat, tez-pat : bari of the 
— , {dakh.) dar-chini. 

Law, a'in, ka'ida, zabita, kauiin, fikh, (jus- 
tice) adiilat, dad : divine — , shar', shari- 
'at : Hindu — , smriti, ismirti. 

Lawful, ja'iz, majaz, rawa, halal, mujau- 
waz, sunni, shar'!: — pleasure, mubah. 

Lawfully, shar'an, mashru'an. 

Lawfulness, jawaz, durusti, mubahiyat. 

Lawgiver, shari', shar"-dar, sastrik. 

Lawless, {illegal) be-shar", (unjust) be- 
-adl, (disorderly) be-ka'ida, be-lagam. 

Lawlessness, be-dadi, be-adli. 

Lawn, (mead) sabza-zar, margh-zar, mai- 
dan, (linmi) sela, ek taur ka mihin kapra. 

Lawsonia inermis, liinna, merihdi : seed of 
— , 102 : — spinosa, mhendi (?), 2007. 

Lawsuit, da*wa, da*wi, kaziya, bibad. 

Costs 0/ Lawsuits, kharcha. 

Lawyer, adalat ka wakil, wakil, shar'-dan. 

Lax, (adj.) sust, kushada, dhila : see Flux. 

Laxative, mus'hil, chalak, mulaiyin. 

Laxativeness, tal'in, (dakh.) pet-jharni. 

Laxity, Laxness, kasal, is'hal, dhila'i. 

Lay, (layer) parat, tab, (grass ground) ssh- 
za-zar, (song) sarod, gbazal, (wager) shart, 
(adj. not clerical) dunya-diir ka muta'al- 
lik. To Lay, dharna, rakhna, dalna, lita- 
na, lagana, (beat down) girana, bichhana, 
(calm) baithalna, sakin k., (umger) bad- 
na : — a ghost, Am k., bhiit jbarna : — 
aside, chhorna, kinara k. , maukuf k. : — 
bricks in mortar, ganthna : — by, bacha- 
na, nigah rakhna : — down, paranii, rakh 
chhorna ; — eggs, anda d., dena : — hold 
of, pakarna, dharna, gahna : — in, le 
rakhna, rakh lena : — the cloth, chadai- 
bichhana: — thefoundation,hnTiyix<l(lalna. 

Layer, parat, tah, tabak, (shoot) paudhii. 

Laying hands on, dast-gir. 

Layman, dunyii-dar, girhist. 

Lazaretto, juzam-khana, korhi-ldifina. 

Lazily, susti se, dhila'i se, kfdiili sc. 

Laziness, alas, susti, dhil, kahili, niuhlat. 

Lazy, sust, dhila, kiihil, arasi, dhiniii : — 
person who never stirs from his bed, 1817: 
to be — , askataua, kahlana. 



LEA 

luZK fallow, cliarun. Lead, suib, slsa, ra- 
sas, nag, {(lakh.) shish, {used to heave at 
sea) puram : l/lacic — , kali mitti : red — , 
Tngur, sindur : tvhite — , safeda. 

To Lead, le chalna, \ej., {induce) talirik d., 
chalana, {])ass, as time) kiitna, guzarnii, 
{precede) age chalna, age h. : — about, 
duriyana, duriya lena ; — astray, ighwa 
k. : — in hand, duriyana. 

Leader, sardar, sar-guroh, ka'jd, peshwa, 
mukaddam, sarwar, salar, mir, {guide) 
rah-numa, mahdl : — in religious affairs, 
imam, hadi : — of a hue and cry or posse 
comitaius, dhaunsiya. 

Leading/o»-M of an army, lashkar-kashi. 

Leaf, pat, patta, pati, patti, pattar, barg, 
pauna, {of a book, S(C.) warak, salilfa, {of 
a door) misra", pat, {of a flower) ward, 
pankhrl, pakhri, {of a tree) dal : —which 
contains a parcel of betel, Sfc, khona. 

Leafless, be-barg. Leafy, barg-dar. 

League, {compact) mel, misak, ittifak, ban- 
dish, sazish, {measure) farsang, tin mil. 

Leak, siirakh. darz, chhed, (sulak : Roeb.): 
to spring a — , gamat h. or bumba h. 

To Leak, chiina, risna, {a shij)) chiina. 

LEAKAGE,tapkan, {in a ship) chii'ak(Roei.). 

Leaky, tuta, surakhi, {ship) bahutgamti. 

Lean, dubla, laghar, patla, uizar, {dakh.) 
makra : to become — , jhataknfi, 1213. 

To Lean, {bend) nihurna, jhukna, {incline 
to) ma'il h., {rest on) tekna, tek rahnii. 

Leander, {lover of Hero) ranjha. 

Leanness, dublapa, laghari, nahafat, 1025. 

Leaf, kud, jast, jhapat, tarap, kulanch. 

To Leap, kudna, zaghand marna, jast *., 
573, 1567: — over, langhna, phandna, 
nanghna, tapna : to caitse — , kudana. 

Leap-frog, kuda-kiidi, mendak-kud. 

Leaping, 691, 1077, {in compos.) khez. 

Leap-y-ear, sal-i-kabisa. 

To Learn, sikhmi, ilra Ijasd A-., 1299, 1297, 
{hear) kan meii ana, sunne men iina. 

Learned, alim, fazU, pandit, parha, bidya- 
-wan : — man, maulawi, bhatt, ahl-i-ki- 
tab : deeply — , bakir : the — , ulama, fu- 
zalii, ahl-i-urf : most — of his time, alla- 
mu-d-dahr : very • — , allama. 

Learnedly, alimana, fazilana. 

Learner, sikli, talibu-l-ilm, shagird. 

Learning, ilm, bidya, fazilat, danish, 555. 

Lease, ijara, kiraya, {deed) kiraya-nama. 

To Lease, {let) kiraya <?., ijara d., {glean) 
chunna, binna, khosha-cbini k. 

Leash, {thong) dor, pa'eza, {brace a/ul 
half) derh jora. 

Least, chhota, sab se chhotii, asghar, \^og. 

Leather, chamra, jild, charm, cham : — 
seller, cbarm-farosh : a kind of — , bo- 
-dar, mishi, amban, kakra ; Russia — , 



LEG 

bulghar : .iort of flue coloured — , sbal : 
perfumed — , adim : worker in, chamar, 
(daiA.)chambar.LEATHERN,o/LEATHER, 
charmina, chamre ka : — garment, postln. 

Leave, ijazat, parwana, chhutti : — to go, 
rukhsat, izn : asking — to depart, {adj.) 
rukhsat-talab : taking — , {mbat.) bida: 
to give — to go, rukhsat d. : to have — to 
go, rukhsat h. : to take — , rukhsat lena, 

. sidharna : without — , be-kahe, baghair 
piichhe. To Leave, chhorna, tyagna, taj- 
na, tark k. , {bequeath) hiba k. , de mama : 

— behind, pichhe dalna: — off, {v. n.) 
darguzarna, baz ana, baz rahna, dast- 
bardar h., {v. a.) maukuf i. 

Leaven, khamir, kbamira, mawa, maya. 

To Leaven, khamir k., halka k. 

Leavened, mukhmir. Leavening, 995. 

Leaves, aurak, saha'if, {rubbish) khashak : 
— -folded up as a cup, dauna, dona: — 
just sprouting, kosli : dead — , patio. 

Leaving, {adj.) tarik, {subst.) tark, tyag, 
chhiit, (q^a;) fazla : — a service of one's 
own accord, khud-rukhsati ; — one's 
country, jila-watan. 

Leavings, pas-khurda,talchhat, jhiitha, 57, 
2108 : to eat — , jhiitha chatna. 

Lecher, randi-baz, kasbi-baz, bisni, 1795. 

Lecherous, mast, shahwati, tamashbin. 

Lechery, masti, shabwat, tamashblni. 

Lecture, dars, sabak, path, adhyaya: cur- 
tain ■ — , khilwati-dars, khangi ta'lim. 

To Lecture, sabak d., dars kahna, {repri- 
mand) tambih k., kan kholna. 

LECTURER,mudarrisG(»mjLECTnBES,tadris 

Ledge, dhar, kagar, lambh (?). 

Ledger, bahi, khata. Ledhorse, kotal. 

Lee, {side of a ship) niwan(?), bhare taraf, 
bhare biirdii {Roeb.). 

Leech, jouk, zalii, jok, jalauka, jal-sit, 
{dakh.)ihori]i, {doctor) charpayon kii tabib. 

To apply hKECUES, 811. Leek, gandana. 

Leer, tirchhi nazar, kaj-nigahi. 

To Leer, kankhiya dekhna, tirchhi nazar k. 

Lees, talcbhat, durd, rim, sitthi, maddi. 

Leeward, niwan-wara, bhare biirdii. 

LEEWAY,niwan ki taraf liarakat(?)bhiireparii 

Left, {opposite to right) bayan, chap, de- 
bra, yasar, {dakh.) dawan, {quitted) mah- 
j iir, {remaining) baki, manda : — food, 
jhuta-jhatii ; — hand, dast-i-yasiir : — 
handed, dibariya, khabba, labia, {dakh.) 
dakora : — side, yasar, bam-ang, {in 
sword exercise, S^c.) bahira : to be — , 
{remain)ha.kl rahna, {beforsaken)chhutnai. 

Leg, paiiw, sak, gor, tangri, pa, philli, tang: 

— of a boot or stocking, pawa'i : — of a 
table, chair, Sfc, paya, paya : bone of 
the — , nali. 

LEGACY,hiba,wasiyat : — forpioususes,wak{. 



LES 



2327 



Legal, lialal, mashru', shar'i, shayrin. 

Legality, jawaz, mashrii''yat. 

To Legalize, ja'iz k., mubah k. 

Legally, lialalana, mutabik-i-shar'. 

LEGATE,pope ka wakll ya elchi, {dakh.) 1 060. 

Legation, elchi bhejna, wakalat, elchigari. 

Legend, afsana, puran, tazkiratu-1-auliya. 

IjEgp-rdemain, dith-bandi, shu'bada-bazl. 

Legible, siif-likha-hii'a, parhne-jog. 

Legion, tuman, sipahiyon ka guroh, dasta. 

Legislation, tashri*,kaniin-sazi,a'in-bandi 

Legislator, shari', wiizi'u-1-kaniin. 

Legislature, ahl-i-kanun, sarkar. 

Legitimacy, jawaz, lial.il-zadagT. 

Legitimate, halal-zada, shar'f, ja'iz. 

Legume, Legumen, masin, dal, matar. 

Leguminous, matar wa-ghairah ka : — 
seeds in general, kala'i. 

Leisure, fursat, fariighat, ausar, chhutti, 
muhlat, avakash : at — , farigh, siichit, ni- 
chint : to have no — , hath band h. : want 
of — •, kam-faraghi, kam-fursati. 

Leisurely, {adj.) ahista, {adv.) ahiste. 

Lemon, limu, nibii, {dakh.) limiin, nimbu. 

Lemonade, sharbat, sharbat-i-limiin. 

To Lend, karz d., ariyatan d., mangni d., 
{give, afford) dena : — labour, jugana. 

Lender, byohariya, {on interest) byaj-khor. 

Lending, {subst.) ariyat, wam. • 

Length, lamba'i, lamban, tiil, tiilani, da- 
riizi, {distance) dijri, masafat : — and 
breadth, lamba'i-chaura'i : — of time, 
muddat : at — , {fully) mufassal, mash- 
riihaii, {at last) iikhir, akhirash : to such 
a — , yahaii tak : to what — , ta ba-kai. 

To Lengthen, lambana, daraz k., barhana. 

Lengthwise, lamba-lambii, lamban men. 

Lenient, Lenitive, mulaiyin, (m!7d)rabim. 

Lenity', rabm, taralihum, mulayamat. 

Lent, {adj.) ariyati, maktiiz, {subst.) ra- 
maziin, roza.: fast of — , chUla : money — 
without interest, karz-i-hasana : one who 
keeps — , roza-dar. 

Lentils, adas, moth, mijii, masur. 

Leo, {the sign) asad, singb, sber-i-gardun. 

Leopard, teudu'a,.palang : hunting — ,chita. 

Leper, Leprous, majziim, charki, korhi. 

Lepidium sativum, tara-tez, tezak, halim. 

Leprosy, kerb, sufaidi, kor, haras, pes, 
cbarak : kind of — , maha-korh, rakt- 
-korh, ajit-baran : black — , {dakh.) ra- 
gat-pitti : to have the — , lohu phatna. 

Less, thora, kihtar, chhota, kam, kamtar, 
ghat, {the affix) na, kam, be. 

Lessee, patte-dar, mustajir, ijiira-dar, 404. 

To Lessen, kam *., ghatana, {v. n.) 1743. 

Lesson, sabak, dars, path, sikh, {precept) 
nasihat, pand : to read a — , dai's lena. 

Lessor, ijara-dene-wala, kiriiya-gTr. 

LEST,mabada,khuda na-khwasta, aisa na ho. 



2328 



LIB 



Let, {hinderance) rok, ar, atka'o, sailti. 

To Let, {allow) dena, {hinder) roknfi, at- 
kana, {on hire) kiraya i., kira'e d. : — 
alone, jane rf. ; — go, jane d., chhorna, 
chhandna, mochna, {dakh.) bhana. 

To he Let go, chhutna, chhutna. 

Lethargic, nindasa, khwab-aliida. 

Lethargv, kliwabaludagi, maj'hull. 

Letter, {epistle) khatf, nama, chitthi, pati, 
maktub, ruk'a, {of the alphabet) barf, 
baran, ank, ank, achchhar : — by — , 
harfan barfan : — from an inferior, arzi : 
— from a superior, shukka : — of re- 
commendation, sifarish-naraa. 

LETTER-CARRiER,nama-bar, (rfaW.)tappall. 

Lettered, filim , sabib-i-ilm , (mar*e(r)harfdar 

Letters, {of the alphabet) huruf-i-tabajji, 
huruf-i-hija, (?ear«mj) ilm, fazl, {epistles) 
khutfit. 

LETTOCE,khass,kahu: — wg(f,tukhm-i-kahu. 

Levee, darbar, sabha. 

Level, {adj.) hamwar, cbauras, barabar, 
batta-dhiir, yaksan, musattah, {subst. 
plain) maidan, hamun, {mason's, carpen- 
ter's) hanjar, {dakh.) taktaki, {rank) mar- 
taba, darja, {equality) yaksani, barabarf, 
{aim) chot. To Level, hamwar A., chau- 
rasana, barabar k., {aim at) shast bandh- 
na, ditna, {raze) chaupat k. 

Levelness, hamwarl, chaurasa'I. 

Lever, char, chand, {toraise water) dhenkll. 

Leveret, khargosh ka bachcha. 

To Levigate, safTif i., bukna, surma-sa k. 

Levity, halka'I, subki, khiffat, {incon- 
stancy) be-sabatl, be-\va(^'i, ochhapau. 

Levy, {of money) rusumjam'i., {of troops) 
fauj-bandi, {of people) guroh. 

To Levy, uthana, jam" i., {fne) dandna. 

Levyivg of forces, Sfc, faujkashi, 1520. 

Lewd, kachh-lampat, chulhara, mast, shah- 
watT: — woman, bhagtan: to be — , ratana. 

Lewdness, masti, shahwat, hawa-o-hawas. 

Lexicographer, rau'aUif-i-lughat, lugbat- 
-nawls. Lexicon, lugbat, farhang. 

Liable, giriftar, majbur, na-guzlr, {in com- 
pos.) pazir : — to deception, gbaban : — 
to error, ja'jzu-1-khata. 

Liar, jhutha, darogli-go, kazzab, kazib. 

Libation, sharab jo kisi dewata ko charhate 
hain.LiBEL,badnamI-nama,malamat-nama 

Liberal, sakbi, data, faiyfiz, jawwad, mu- 
n'lm, {i/cneroua) .sahib-i-himmat, azad. 

Liberality, sakliawat, jud, faiyazl. 

To Liberate, riha *., azad k., chhor d. 

Liberated, azad, khala?: to be — , chhutna. 

Liberation, chhutkara, riha'i, istikhlii?. 

Libertine, rind, luchcha, kharabati, 1565. 

Libertinism, tamasha-bini, luchpan. 

Liberty, azadi, be-lj:aidT, riha'i, makhlasT, 
{leave) riza, ijazat, rukh?at, {choice) ikh- 



LIG 

tiyar, {privilege) bakk : at full — , mukh- 
tar : to set at — , azad k. , chhutkana. 

Libidinous, sbahwati, chodwansa, kamatur. 

Libra, {the sign of the zodiac) mizan, tula. 

Librarian, kutub-kbane ka darogha. 

Library, kutub-khana, kitab-khana. 

Lice, {plur. q/" Louse, jun, q. v.) jiVen. 

License, hukm, farman, ikhtiyar, {written) 
bukm-nama, sauad, 525 : poetic — ■, sila. 

Licentious, be-kaid, sarkash, rindana. < 

Licentiousness, be-kaidi, be-zabti. 

Lichen rotundatus, patthar {dakh. phattar) 
ka phul. 

To Lick, chatna, lesna, {thresh) mama : — 
one's lips, hath chatna : — ■ np, chat lena. 

Licking, {in comp.) les : — theplatter clean, 
857. Lickerish, khush-khurak or-khwar. 

Lid, dhakna, sarposh, dhapna, chapni. 

Lie, jhuth, darogh, kizb, tazwir, {a liquid) 
pan! : giving the — , takzib : to give a man 
the — to his face, munha-munh jhutalna. 

To Lie, {down) letna, parna, par^'., rahna, 
{to depend on) maukuf A. , {lie hid) chhipna, 
lukna, alopna, {to rest) pahurna, paurh- 
na, ularna, {in) dard-i-zih men h., {with) 
le parna: — in wait, daba mama : — round 
with the knees to the belly, mundkarl mar- 
ni : {to speak falsely) jhuth bolna. 

In Lieu, iwaz, jagab, badal, w.^ste. 

Lieutenancy, niyabat, ka'im-makami. 

Lieutenant, na'ib, ka'im-makam. 

Lieutenant of a province, suba-dar. 

Life, jl, zindagi, jan, hayat, zist, {conduct) 
ma'ash, ma'ishat, guzran, {continuance of 
life) umr, zindagi, zindagani, {vivacity) 
zinda-dili, achpall, {narrative) tazkira : 
blessed with long — , mu'ammar : the 
giving — , ihya : to give — , jilana : to 
grant — , ji-diin k. : to lead a — , zinda- 
gani k., guzran k. : to the — , hu-ba-hu, 
bi-ainih : all — long, during — , ta zinda- 
gi, inuddatu-1-umr : way of — , ma'ishat: 
while — remains, ta ba-zlst : — giving, 
{adj.) j.in-bakbsh : — to come, ma'ad. 

Lifeless, mu'a, nir-jiw, be-jan, a-ji'o. 

Lifetime, lun-i-hayat, umr, awarda. 

To Lift, uthana, buland k., charhiina. 

Ligament, pattT, band, {tendon) a^ab, pai. 

Ligature, band, patti, lapet, dora. 

Light, {subst.) roshni, chandna, ujala, ru- 
chi, {bright, adj.) roshan, nurani, {in co- 
lour) phika, {point of view) rah, tafilj, 
tarah : — fortnight of the moon, chand- 
na-pakh, sudi, sukal-pachchh : {taper, 
lamp) chiragh, diya: — of the eye, {sight) 
nazar, basarat : — of the eyes, {a son) nur- 
-i-chashm, niir-i-dida. 

Light, (in weight) halka, a-bhar, nazuk, {in 
character) khafif. subuk, {easy) asiin, 
sahl, {inconstant) be-9abat, {trifling) chhi- 



LIM 

chhora, chiba'ola, {as troops) jarlda. 

To Light, {v. n. as fire) sulagna, {alight) 
utarna, {fall) parna, lagna, anfi, {rest) 
baithna, {v. a.) sulgana, jalana, roshan k. 

Lighted up, mushta'al : to be — , lahakna. 

To Lighten, {v. n. flash) chamakna, lauk- 
na, lahakna, (f. a. make less heavy)ha\'kkk. 

Lighter, (ioff/)bharLiGHTFOOTED,subukpa 

Light-headed, tihi-dimagh, {delirious)he- 
-dimagh, be-khud : — talk of a person de- 
lirious, barbar. Talking Light-head- 
edly', barbara'i : to talk — , barbarana. 

Light-hearted, subuk-sar, subuk-dosh. 

Lighthouse, ianus. Light-paced, 1244. 

Lightly, thora, zarra, {nimbly) chalaki se, 
{with levity) subuki se, (easily) asani se, 
sahaj : — burthened, subuk-bar. 

Lightness, halka'I, {nimbleness) chalaki. 

Lightning, bijll, bark, damini, chapala : 
struck with — , bark-zada. 

Lights, {lungs) phephre, riyat, shush, riya. 

Lightsome, roshan, ujla, {gay) khush. 

Ligusticum ajowan {seed) ajwayan, ajwan. 

Like, {equal) muwafik, barabar, hamwar, 
mutabik, (similar) manand, saman, nazir, 
shabih, (in compos.) sa, se, si, war, san, 
man : — as, chunanchi, jaisa, jaisa ki : 

— that, that — , waisa, taisa, chunan : 

— this, this — , aisa, chunin : what — , 
jaisa : what — .' kaisa : in — manner, ala 
haza-1-kiyas. 

To Like, chahna, pasand*., kabfd A. 
To be Like, milna. To be Liked, subiiwanii. 
Likelihood, ilitiraal, daul, asar, guman. 
Likely, (arf;'.)honhar,muhtamil,aklI, (adv.) 

chahiye, howe : Tnost — , aghlab, ghalib. 
To Liken, barabar! k., mukabala k. 
Likened, mushabbab : — to it, 1907. 
Likeness, tashblh, hamta'i, misal, shab:~i- 

ha.t,( form) pratima,siirat, shabah, shabih. 
Likewise, bhi, niz, alawa, ham. Spar iske. 
Liking, chah, khwahish, shauk, rijh. 
Lily, gul-i-sosan, (of the valley) saman. 
Limb, azv or azo, ang, {of a tree) shalch. 
Limber, chimra, mula'im, narm, lachkila. 
Limbs, a''za, {dakh.) sauda. 
Lime, chiina, ahak, kali, {fruit or tree) 11- 

mii, k%hazi, nibii, nimbi : — jtiice uith 

honey or sugar, sikanjabin. 
Limekiln, chunc ki bhathi. 
Limestone, kankar : nodule of — , kankar. 
Limit, hadd, siwana, thikana, or, nihayat. 
To Limit, mahdud *., hadd bandhna. ' 
Limitation, inbiaar, ihata, takhsis. 
Limited, mahdud, makh?u?, munba^ir. 
Limits, sar-zamin, sar-badd, hudiid. 
Limner, siirat-gar, mu?auwir. 
hiMottiA pentaphylla, {dakh.) gunji. 
Limp, kachak : to — , langrana, lang k. 
Limpid, nirmal, ;af, slmfTiif, nithra. 



LiMPiDNESS, nirmalatfi, shaffiifl, safTi'i. 

Line, {streak) laklr, khatt, jadwal, dliarl, 
{of a book) satar, mi?ru", bait, fikra, {string) 
dor, tanab, rassi, rishta, {equator) khatt - 
-i-istiwa, {progeny) nasi, silsila, pirhi, 
{rank, row) safF, katar, pant, {trench) 
kliandak, kha'i, {delineation) naksha: — 
for hanging clothes on, algani : — on the 
head where the hair is parted, mang : cir- 
cular . — , khatt-i-mustadir : curved — , 
khatt-i-munhanl : parallel — , kbatt-i- 
-mutawazl : perpendicular — , khatt-i- 
-amud : right —, khatt-i-mustakim : 
single — in poetry, misra*. 

To Line, {clothes) astar d., astar lagana, {a 
box) niarhna, {to coat) astarkari k., {with 
so/rfze-r^)bharna,lagna : — o«^,chhe'o marna 

Lineage, bans, hasab o nasab, got, nasab, 
nasi : unknown of — , maj'hulu-n-nasab. 

Lineal, sidha, rast, kliandani. aba'I, nasli. 

Lineally, pirhi-ba-pirhi, nasl-dar-nasl. 

Lineament, khatt, dhar, dandir, satar. 

Linear, khatti. laklr ka sa, dor ka sa. 

Lined, {as a drum) madha, marha, {striped) 
dhari-dar : cloths that are — , do-tahi. 

To be Lined, (a hitch) bhar^'. 

Linen, katau, bazz : kind of fine — , 1385. 

Linen-draper, bazzaz, katan-farosh. 

Lines, {drawn in a iooi) jadwal, {for writing 
on) satar-baudi : — of intrenchment, 1986, 
1331. Ling or LiNGAM, kandasa, ling. 

To Linger, derpa'i X;., muddat lagna, tul 
kliainchna : — on the road, rah khoti k. 

Lingering, {adj.) daraz, mnzmin, tawil. 

Lingeringlv, der karke, rengke, ahiste. 

LiNGUA/canea or jargon, khichrl. 

Lingual letter, harfu-z-zalk. 

Linguist, zaban-dan, dobhiishiya. 

Lingula vulvte mulieruni, tita. 

Liniment, marham, tila, lep. 

Lining, astar, {of a drum, S(c.) marhan. 

Link, {of a chain, i^c.) kari, knlaba, {torch) 
mash'al, dasti, 1119. Linked, musalsal. 

Linseed, alsl, tukhm-i-katan, 1906. 

Linstock, falita, sokbta, tora, batti. 

LiNUM trigynum, gul-i-ashrafi, ja'fari: — 
usitatissimnm, atasi, tisi, {seed) alsi, 640. 

Lion, singh, sher, babar, bagh, kesari, ke- 
har, asad, mrig-raj, hizabr, haidar, arslau, 
•473' {(lakh.) sharza, 1410. 

Lioness, singhini, sherni, baghni. 

Lip, honth, onth, lab, shafat, adhar, {dakh.) 
hont, hot, hoth, {of a horse) puza, piiz. 

Liquefaction, gudaz, gudakht, pighla'o. 

To LiacEPY, galanii, pighlana, {v. n.) galna. 

LiauiD, raklk chiz, pani, arak, ras, muzab. 

To Liquidate, {a debt) karz ada k., pataua. 

To be Liquidated, (as a debt) sljna. 

Liquor, shurb, pani, ras, arak : spirituous 
— , daru, khamr, sharab. 



LO 

Liquorice, jctbT-madh, sus, aslu-s-siis, 
mulhatti: extract of — , rubbu-s-sus. 

Lisp, luknat, tutla'i : to —, tutlana. 

LisPER, Lisping, totla, luknati, hakla. 

List, {roll, &,-c.) fihrist, fard, siyaha, ism- 
-nawisi, ism-wari, {of particulars) zail : 

— of the killed, fauti-niima : {strip of 
cloth) patti, band, {border) kinara, {place 

for fighting) akhara, maidan, {will) chah. 

To List, {to will) chahna, arzu A., pasand 
*., {soldiers) fauj men bharti k., nam likh- 
na : see To Listen. 

To Listen, sunna, kan lagana, mutawajjihA. 

Listener, Listening, {adj.) mustami'. 

Listening, {subst.) kanhara, istima". 

Listless, ghafil, be-khabar. murda-dil. 

Listlessness, taghaful. ghaflat, be-khabarl. 

Literal LiTERALLYtaht-lafzijbarfanbarfan 

Literary, ilmi : — compositions, tasanif. 

Literati, ulama, fuzala, sahiban-i-ilm. 

Literature, ilm, fazilat, ilmiyat. 

Litharge, murdar-sang, murda-sang. 

Lithe, chiiuj-a, narm, {dakh.) hidhida. 

Litigation, da"wa, kaziya, munaza'at. 

Litigious, jang-jo, kaziya-jo, jhagralii. 

Litigiousness, mufsidpan, jhagraT. 

Litter, {carriage) palki, nalki, miyana, 
chaupala, kharkhariya, dola, sukhpal, 
chandol, {borne on an elephant or camel) 
amari, hauda, {for women) muhafa, {for 
carrying the sick) char-paT, na'sh, {for 
hor.ies, &fc.) akhor, ghas, (a brood) jhol : 

— of things, {rubbish) kurkut, khas 
khashak, bala-i-boghma (.'). 

To Litter, {bear) jiiDwar ka bacbcha janna. 

Little, {adj.) thora, kuchak, andak, khurd, 
chhota, saghir, nannha, {subst.) zarra, 
andake, chande, nek, tuk, lakht, kinchit, 
kuchh, kadre: — by — , kam-kam, bit- 
tam-bittam : — or much, kalil kaslr : 
very — , kam se kam. 

Littleness, killat, kami, chhutapa, kotahi. 

Live, jita, zinda. To LiVE.jina, zindagii., 
bachna, {dwell) basna, rahna, biid-o-bash 
k. : — in health, ease, S^c, birajna: to 
cause — , jilana, jiwana. 

Livelihood, ma'ash, ma'fshat, rozT, rizk. 

Liveliness, zinda-dili, chulbulahat. 

Livelong, tul-tawll, derpa, bhari, kathin. 

Lively, zinda-dil, chulbula, (a horse) jandar. 

Liver, jigar, kaleja, kabid : — coloured, ji- 
garl : a good or high — ■, khush-khwar. 

Livid, zard, nllii, nilfam, nila-pila. 

Living, {adj.) jita, zinda, {subst.) ma'fshat, 
zindagi, zindagani, zist, guzran : — from 
hand to mouth, gha'ii-ghap : good — , 
khush-ma'ashi, aish-o-ishrat : means or 
place of—, ma'ash. 

Lizard, chhipkall, girgit, goh, chhipki. 

Lo ! dekh, dekho, lo. 

8 C 



LON 



2329 

f., lad, 



Load, bojh, moth, bhar, bar, 

bliarti, bojha : fit to carry a — , ladil. 
To Load, ladna, bojhna, bojh rakhna. 
Loaded, bar-dar, bojhel : to be — , ladna. 
Loader, ladiya. Loading, {subst.) bharti: 

— and packing, lad-phanda, lad-phand. 
Loadstone, sang-i-miknat.Is, chummak. 
Loaf, paiiw-roti, tikkar, girda, nan, rot. 
Loan, karz, ariyat-dihi, mangi, warn. 
Loath, na-riiz, ru-gardan, kashida, be-dil. 
To Loathe, ikrah k., nafrat*., {dakh.) 1564. 
Lobe, {of the ear) bina-gosh, kiichiya, kan- 

gQri, 1802 : — of the liver, jigar-gosha. 
Lock, {of a door, S(C.) kufl, tala, {of a gun) 

kal, champ, {of hair) zulf, kakul, gesii, 

lat, {of cotton or wool) pahal, {grapple) 

daiiw, pech, pakar, band. 
To Lock, kufl lagana, tala d., band k. 
Locket, tukma, ek taur ka zewar. 
Lock-jaw, dant-kir (.' dakh.) dat-kili. 
Locks twisted or plaited, marghfil. 
Locksmith, lobar, {dakh.) Ihowar orlho'ar. 
Locomotion, nakl-i-makan,nakl-i-makam. 
Locum tenens, ja-nishin, 1506, na'ib. 
Locust, tiddi, tiri, tidi, jarad, malakh. 
Lodge, chhota ghar, bangla, kothri, hujra. 
To Lodge, {v. n.) rahna, tikna, {v. a.) 728. 
Lodger, shab-bash, mukim, bashanda. 
Lodging, {abode) basa, makan, thikana. 
Loft, iipar ka ghar, kotha, bam, atari. 
Loftily, bulandi se, ghuriiri se, bartari se. 
Loftiness, bulandi, imcha'i, irtifa', {pride) 

gliuriir, takabbur: see Sublimity. 
Lofty, buland, murtafa*, iincha, {proi(d) 

maghriir, akar-baz, sir-charha, (sublime) 

buiand-parwaz. 
Log, kunda, tana, {dakh.) nat, chakla : — 

used to roll or harrow ground, patela : 

— tied to the neck of a vicious ox, dena. 
Loggerhead, abmak,gawdi,((faiA.)hendra. 
Logic AL,mantiki. LoGiciAN,mantik,2ioi. 
Logic, mantik, ilm-i-munazara, nyaya. 
Log-line, puram (? Harris, 533) tap ka len. 
Loins, kamar, sulb, miyan, lank, lank, kat, 

kati, karaha : cloth girt round the — , 
lung : having the — girt, kamar-basta, 
miyan-basta : pain in the — , chik : (a 
horse) weak in the — , kamri. 

To Loiter, chutar sakorna, tal-tol k. 

To Loll, leta rahna, para rahna, {hang 
out) latka rakhna. Lone, Lonely, ake- 
la, ikla, tanha, {sad) udasi, 2051. 

Loneliness, udasi, ikla'i, tanha'i, wahshat. 

Long, lamba, daraz, tawil, bara, {dilatory) 
dirang, dhila, ahista, {as a letter) mam- 
duda : — ago, chirk.il se : — time, mud- 
dat, der, chir, tamadi -.as — as, ma dam, 
jau-lami, ta, jab-tak :fora — <i>He,der-tak. 

To Long, lalach k., tarasna, chahna, 1733. 

Longevity, umr ki darazl. 



2330 



LOR 



LoNG-BAiRED, (shoffgy) jhahhu'i. 
Longing, (subst.) chah, shauk, raglibat, 

Jdjwahish.arman, hawas, (arf/.)arzu-mand. 
Longitude, tul: degree of — , darja-i-tuL 
LoNG-LirED,cliaran-jIw: tobe — ,chir-jlwna. 
LoNG-scFFERiNG,mutahammU,(»Kis<.)i399 
Longways, Long WISE, tul men, lamba'i men 
LooBT, anari, na-tarashida shakhs. hendra. 
Look, (subsl.) nazar, nigah, disht, sural, 

shakl, {interj.) dekh, dekho, lihaz karo. 
To Look, {behold') deklina, nigah ^., takna, 

chitna, {seem) sujhna, nazar ana, lagna, 

ma'lum h., dikhla'I d.: — about, ghurna: 

— about one, khabar-dari k. : — after, 
kLabar lena, sudh lena, niharna, herna : 

— angrily, tirchhi ankh k. : — at, dekh- 
na, ditna, chitauna, taknfi, bilokna : 

— at angrily, ghurna : — at with an 
evil eye, tokna : — for, dhunclhna, rah 
dekhna : — out, nirekhna : — out for, in- 
tizai- k., takna : — steadfastly, dide phar- 
na: — to, lihaz k. : — towards, muta- 
wajjih A., mukbil h., mutali' A.: — np 
to, {for aid, ^-c.) munh dekhna. 

Looked at, manzur. 

LooKER-ott,(incom^o».)bIn:seeSpECTATOR. 

Looking, {part.) nigran: — about one, 
{subst.) did-bazi: — at, {subst.) mula- 
haza, nazzaragi : — eagerly, garm-nazara. 

Looking-glass, a'ina, darpaji, mir'at. 

Looks, manzar, sdrat : kind — , 1868. 

Loom, tant, rachh, ras (?). 

Loop, tukma, phali, phaiisi, halka. 

Loophole, randa, tir-kash: see Evasion. 

LooRY, {a bird of the parrot kind) nuri. 

Loose, khula, chhuta, {lax) dhila, kusha- 
da, sust, be-kaid, {wanton) fahish, mas- 
tana, {unconnected) be-rabt, be zabt, {as 
a robe) gher, 1 757 : to — , to let — , khol- 
na, (Ihllii k., chhor d. 

To be Loose, To be let Loose, To break 
Loose, chhutna, khulna, dhUa h. 

To Loosen, (». a.) kholna, chhor d., azad 
k., juda k., {v. n.) khulna, chhutna. 

Loosener, kholanhar. Loosening, {part, 
in compos.) kusha, (subst.) is'hal, kushad. 

Looseness, dhila'I, kushadagi, (/lo-) is'- 
hal, petaukhii, jiryau-i-shikam, {laxity of 
conduct) bc-kaidi, be-zabti, gum-rahi. 
To Lop, chhantna, katna,tarashna, katarna. 

LoauACiotJS, bakta, bat-kaha, jibhara. 
Loai'ACiTY, Loau ACiousNESs, bat-kaha'o, 
ziyada-go'i, hallakallfi, bat-kahi, bakbak. 
Lord, {master, chief) malik, ^ahib, aka, 
wall, khudawapd. makhdum, {sovereign) 
sulfan, malik, khan, beg, mir, {God) is- 
war, khuda : — of alt, ?abitu-l-kull. 
To Lord, ^aljibi k., linkumat k. 
Lordliness, shaikhT, takabburi, amiri. 
Lordly, khawindana, amirana, maghrur. 



LOV 

Lords, arbab, as'hab, mawali. 

Lordship, amiri, imarat, {manor) ta'alluk. 

Lore, bidya, ilm, fazl, ilmiyat. 

To Lose, khona, kho d., gum *., {not to 

win) harna, bazi khana, maghlub h., 

{suffer loss) nuksan uthana, {mislead) 

bhatkana, gum-rahi.; — wager, S(c., 

hor harna : — alt hope, hath dhona : — 

no time in doing any thing, bat men kuchh 

k. : — one's honour or reputation, nam 

dubona : — 07ie*s way, bhiilna, chukna, 

bhatakna : — the use of the limbs by iW- 

nes*, chaurang mama : to cause — ,kho'ana. 

Loser, hai-ii, harela, khone-wala, maghlub. 

Loss, {detriment) nuksan, tota, zarar, khi- 

sarat, khis, ziyan, {ruin) talaf, tabahi, 

{defeat) har, shikast, {decrease) kami, 

ghatti : at a — , {adj.) sar-gashta : to be 

at a — , hairan h. : to meet with or sfts- 

iain — , takkar khana, thokar khana, chot 

khaoa, pech uthana. 

Lost, gum, za'i*, rafta, barbad, kharab, 

nasht, halak, gaya-guzra : to acknowledge 

all — , har-manna : to be — , {vanish) bi- 

lana, jata rahna, {parted with) kho j., 

{be destroyed) dahakna, (as a ship) mara 

j. : seme of shame to be — , hijab uthna. 

Lot, {fortune) bhag, takdir, pralabdh, na- 

sib, kismat, bakht, {share) hissa, bakhra, 

maksum, {die, dakh.) phansa : — cast by 

shooting arrows, kur'a. 

LoTE tree, auda-kukii, handakuka. 

Lotus, kaiiwal, nilofar, kamal, padam : 

white esculent — , kumud. 
Lottery, shartT, kur'a-bazi. 
LovAGE,ajmud,kasham(?),anjadanrumT(?). 
Loud, iincha, buland, bharl, shorl : — 
sounding, ghan-garaj : to speak — , pu- 
karke bolna : a — voice, buland awaz. 
Loudly, shor se, pukarke, bulandl se. 
Loudness, bulandi, shor, buland-awazi. 
Love, ishk, moh, mubabbat, lagan, lag!, 
madan, shauk, hubb, rati, sneh, chah, 
mihr, pyar, prit, prem : — of one's coun- 
try, hubbu-l-watan, chaha-chahi : in — , 
dil-tafta, majnun, {deeply) shaida, {despe- 
rately) shorlda, {distractedly) muhaw- 
was : making — , («M6s<.)ashiki,ta'ashshuk. 
To Love, chahna, anuragna, {esteem) azTz 

janna, aziz rakhnfi, ishk rakhna. 
To be in Love, chiir h., dil d., ratna, ragna, 
lot-pot h. To be deeply in Love, mar 
rahna. To be desperately in Love with 
any one, panvana kisi ka h. To fill in 
Love, Sshik A., shahld A. 
Love-apple, wilayati baingan. 
Love-letter, ta'ashshuk-nama. 
Loveliness, dilbari, mahb&bi, ra'na'i. 
LovBLY', mabbub, dil-fareb, dilhar. 
Lover, Sshik, pritam, prcmi, piyfi, sanchi. 



LUC 

rouhibb, talib, dildar : — like, ashikana. 
Lovers, aliibba.ushshak : secrets of — , 1 151. 
Lovesick, islik ka bimar, manrogi, farefta. 
Loving, {adj.) fishik, mushfik, kami. 
Loving-kindness, shafakat, rahm. 
Lovingly', ashikana, ashikwar. 
Lounge, {in the manage) ateran, chakkar. 
To Lounge, {loiter) para phirna, harza- 
-gardi k., {a horse) aterna, ghore ko chak- 
kar d. Lounger, harzagard, machator. 
Louse, jun, chillar, chllhar, katta, ruj, {of 
cattle) cbamukan, {of dogs or aheep) 
chichri, antha'I. 
To Louse, chillar mama, jiiu marna, ju'en 

dekhna : — one another, ju'an jii'en k. 
Lousiness, ju'eu-darl, {shabbiness) duni. 
Lousy, chilraha, ju'en-bhara, {shabby) diin. 
Lout, dabang, babruta, gawdi, anari. 
Low,(a<f/.)nIcha, nasheb, haziz, {mean, vile) 
kamina, paji, faromaya, sifla, diin, past, 
adham, {dejected) udas, afsurda, {not 
loud) dhima, halka, {shallow) uthla, thora, 
{in price) sasta, arzan, {in stature) thum- 
ka, {adv.) niche, tale, {softly) ahiste, dhi- 
me : — people, arazil, arzal. 
7'oLow,hTnkarna,rambhna,(daiA.)dankarna 
Low-born, bad-asl, bad-zat, khak-sar, d&n. 
Low-bred, kam-zat, kam-asl, {dakh.) Qi. 
Lower, asfal, pa'in, past, talitani, zer, sufli: 
— apsis in an eccentric orbit, haziz : — 
extremity or surface of any thing, haziz. 
To Lower, {v. n.) gu-na, utarna, ghatna, 
{as the sky) aundhna, ghirna, (frown) 
ghiirna, {v. a.) nicha k., utarna, jhukana, 
{lessen in price) sasta k., ghatana. 
Lowermost, Lowest, adna, sab se nicha. 
Of the Lowest cast, {subst.) halal-khor. 
Lowing, bail kl awaz, dakar. 
Lowland, nichan, zamin-i-nasheb, tara'i. 
Lowliness, ghurbat, hilm, farotani. 
Lowly', gharib, farotan, khaksar. halTm. 
Low-minded, past-himraat, dun-himmat. 
LowNESS, pasti, nicha'i, pa'ini, adnapan. 
Low-priced, kam-kimat, ghatiya. 
Low-spirited, afsurda-dil, 1057, 2022. 
LoxiA indica, hay a: — malabarica, pl- 

drl (?) : — rosea, toti. 
Loyal, namak-halal, daulat-khwah. 1899. 
Loyally, namak-halall se, wafadarl se. 
Loyalty, namak-halali, liukm-bardari. 
Lubber, kam-chor, lukandrii. 
Lubberly, (adj.) be-dhab, be-daul, (adv.) 

bad-salikagl se. 
To Lubricate, cliiknana, chikna k. 
Lucern, ek kism ki ghas. 
Lucid, daraklishanda, saf, shaffaf: — ex- 
planation, sharli-i-kashshaf : — internal, 
hoshyari ka wakt, iffikat. 
Luck, bakht, na?ib, sanjog, kismat : bad — , 
mudbiri, siyah-tali'i, shainat, 1607 : good 



LUS 

— , khush-tali'i, yuran, 35 : to be in — , 
nasib jagnii : to lose one's — , baklit jalna. 
Luckily, nek-ittifSkl se, khush-naslbi se. 
Luckiness, bakhtawari, sa'diyat.bakbtyari. 
Luckless, kam-bakht, bad-nasib, a-bhagi. 
Lucky, khush-nasib, bakht-awar, {as time) 
achcbha, nek, subb : — and unlucky, su- 
bhiisubh : bom under a — planet, na- 
chhattari. Luckative, sud-mand, mu- 
fid, fa'ida-bakhsh. gunja'isbi. 
LucKE, sud, naf, fa'ida, labh. 
Ludicrous, tannaz, klianda-angez, raas- 
kbarl : — saying, Idiurafat. Ludi- 
crously, maskharagi se, maskharapan se. 
Lues venerea, ba'o, bad-i-farang : affected 

with — , bawaba. 
Luffa, ban-tara'i: — acutangula, jhinga : 

— pentandra, ghiya-tora'I. 
To Lug, ghasitna, khainchna, kan pakarke 

lana : — out, karhna, nikalna. 
Luggage, chiz-bast, sair ka asbab, partal. 
Lukewarm, shir-garm, gunguna, {indiffe- 
rent) sard-mihr : — friend, sard-mihr. 
Lukewabmness, na-chaki, {dakh.) kum- 

kutnat: — in friendship, sard-mihrl. 
Lukman, lukman : vulture of — , lubad. 
To Lull, {came to sleep) sulana, nind lana, 

{calm) thamaa, santana k. 
Lumbago, cUk, dard-i-kamar. 
LuMDER, nakari chlz-bast, agar-bagar. 
Luminary, suraj, chand, sitara, chiragh, 

mash'al ; greater — , naiyir-i-a'zam. 
Luminous, ujjal, tab-dar, raushan, nuri. 
Lump, dala, raondha, lohl : — of clay, Ion- 
da, thii'a, dhela, pinda : — of flesh, loth- 
ra, mocha, muzgha, tikka : — of sugar, 
meat, Is^c, dall, boti. 
Hard Lumps in the bowels, {scyhala) gubhlla. 
LuMPKiN,babruta.LuMPY,pindoli,dhela-pur 
Lunacy, diwanagi, sauda, sir. 
Lunar, kamari, mabtabi : — day, tith. 
Lunatic, falak-zada, diwana, sirri. 
Lunation, daur-i-kamar, sair-i-kamar. 
Lunch, Luncheon, kalewa, chhak. 
Lungs, riyilt, riya, shush, phephre : inflam- 
mation of the — , /.atu-r-riya,dard-i-shush. 
Lupine, turmis, bakila-i-misi-i (?). 
Lurch, kharab-lialati, {roll of a ship))n\a.z 
ki lorhak : to leave in the — , bala men 
chhorna, kharabl men dalna. 
To Lurch, churana, ghat men baithna. 
Lurcher, ghat-nishin, thag, ek kism ka 
shikari kutta. Lure, fareb, lalach, {bait) 
tu'ma, chara, tamba. 
To Litre, fareb d., bahkana, lana. 
To Lurk, dabakna, chhipna, daiiw baithna. 
Lurking-place, ghiit, kamin-gah. 
Luscious, laziz, rasila, mitha, khush-za'ika. 
LusciousNESs, mitba'i, shirini, lazzat. 
Lust, hawa-o-hawas, hawas, kam, shahwat, 



MAG 

mastT : blind by — , kamandh : distracted 
by — , kamatur. 

To Lust, masti *., raghbat rakhna, chahna. 

Lustful, mast, nafsani, chudasa, shahwatT. 

Lustfulness, shahwat-parasti, hawa-o-ha- 
was. Lustily, zor se, himmat se, dileriina. 

Lustiness, zor, zor-awari, bal, tawana'i. 

Lustre, jila, jalwa, chamak, ishrak, cham- 
kahat, kanti, jot : a — ,jhar, panj-shakha. 

Lustring, sundus or sindus. 

Lusty, kawi, tanfiwar, zorawar, ball. 

Lute, barbat, bin, ud, (cemm<)gil-i-hikmat. 

LuTRAfa<?-eo?a,mahigir.7'«LuxATE,ukharna 

LuxuRiANCY, ifrjit, barha'o, ziyadati. 

Luxuriant, kasir, ziyada, wafir, bahut. 

Luxurious, aiyash, nafsani, khush-ma'ash. 

Luxuriously, aish-o-ishratse,aramtalabise 

Luxury, aiyashi, nafsaniyat, 2199, 1716. 

Lycopodium imbricatum, hatha-jorl. 

Lying, {subst.) darogh-go'i, lapatl, kizb, 
{adj.) mirtha, {flat on the back) chit. 

Lying-in woman, jacha, zacha. 

Lymph, pani, ras, panchha (?). 

Lynx, chita, ban-bila'o, palang : Persian 
— , siyah-gosh. Lyee, barbat ; see 
Harp, {the constellation) 2061. 

'LYTYi-B.vn fmticosum, dhari, dhau. 



M 
Macaroni, ek kism ka khana, bughra. 
Mace, (spice) bazbaz,basbasa, jawatri, 763, 

753, {club) sonta, chob, gadka, gurz. 
Mace-bearer, chob-dar, sonte-bardar. 
To Macerate, {pound) kutna, 1636, {make 

thin) dubla k. , {steep) bhigo rakhna. 
MACERATioN,bhiga'o, (maimer ttm)dublai. 
Machination, sazish, bandish, mansiiba. 
Machine, jantr, kal, san'at, alat. 
Machinery-, kal-kanta, jantr, san'at-sazi. 
Machinist, kal-saz, ala-saz, kal-karl (?). 
Macropteronatus Magur, {afish)mag\in. 
Mad, diwana, sauda'i, bawala, khabti. sirri, 
sira, unmatt, be-khud, {dakh.) khafta, 
sirli : — v>ith love, maftiin, walih, maj- 
niin : to be — , bauriina, baulana. 
Madam, bibi, bibi sahib, begam sahiba, ji. 
Mad-brained, Madcap, shorlda-sar. 
T'oMADDEN,(».»j.)baurana, {v. a.) diwana*. 
Made, kiya, karda, sakhta, bana, ma'miU. 
To be Made, banna, rachna, garhna, mach- 
na, kiya J. .• — away with, khapna : to 
cause — , karana. 
Madder, majith, manjlth(? iJuJiaman/t/A). 
Madhouse, khana-i-zanjir, sauda'i-khana. 
Madman, diwana admi, majnun shakhs. 
Madness, baura*i, diwanagi, junun, sir. 
Magazine, makhzan. khazana, ambar. 
Maggot, kira, kimi, {whim) lahar, khayal. 



MAK 



2331 



One of the Magi, a Magian, majus, magh. 
Magical, tilismati. Magician, afs&n.gar, 

bhokas, jadugar, parl-khwan, sahir. 
Magic, jadiigarT, sahiri, ilm-i-sihr, silir, 
nairang : to restrain by — , chot biindhna. 
Magistracy, kotwall, Ijukiimat, amili. 
Magistrate, faujdar, hakim, Smil, maula. 
Magnanimity, himmat, jawanmardi, 1446. 
Magnanimous, bulandhimmat, jawanmard. 
Magnet, miknalis, chumak-patthar. 
Magnificence, jah-o-jalal, thath, iizamat. 
Magnificent, all-shan, azimu-sh-shan. 
One who Magnifies {God), mukabbir. 
To Magnify, maddahl k., barhana. 
Magnifying, {subst.) bara'I, {adj.) 1938. 
Magnitude, azamat, kadr, bulandi. 
Mahadeva, mahadeva, siv, bar, sada-siva. 
Maharatta, marhatta. 
Maid, Maiden, {virgin, q. v.) ku'ari, 185. 
Maidenhair, {herb) parsiyawushan. 
Maidenhead, chira, bikr, bakarat, 1080. 
Maid-servant, kanlzak, asil, jariya, 877. 
Majestic, shahi, humayin, azTmu-sh-shan. 
Majesty, {grandeur) buzurgl, jalal, azamat, 

shikoh, dabdaba, (<i7/e) hazrat, 815, 1507. 
Mail, {bag) dakwale ka pulinda, dakwale 

kl thaili, {conveyance) dakwale ka markab : 

coat of — , jaushan, zirah. 
Maim, zakhm, chot, langra'i, aseb. 
To Maim, langra k., zakhmi k., nuksan k. 
Maimed, langra, liila, zakhmi. gha'el. 
Main, {adj.) awwal, bara, ahamm, {subst. 
force) zor, bal, {the gross) majmii'a, kull, 

{the ocean) samundar, bahr-i-muhit, {at 

dice) bazi : — land, barr, barr-i-az!m. 
Maina, {name of a bird) sharo, sharik. 
Mainly, aksar, ghaliban, bahut. 
Main-mast, jahaz ka bara mastul, bara dol. 
To Maintain, {nourish) parwarish k., pal- 

na, {affirm) ta'id k., sambhalna, kahna. 
Maintainer, hami, pushtiban. 
Maintenance, parwarish, khabargiri, 

{living) rozl, kut, {defence) muhafazat : 

charge of — , khila'i-pila'i. 
Major, bara, buzurg, awwal, {officer) sar- 

dar, ulusbdar : — domo, kulkuUan, sar- 

barahkar : — of a syllogism, kubra : — 

part, kasrat, ziyada hissa. 
Majority, kasrat, bahutat, (in o^e) buliigh, 

sinn-i-tamTz, {rank) ulushdari. 
Maize, bhutta, maka'i, {dakh.) makke-jari. 
Make, banawat, san'at, sakht. daul. 
To Make, kama, banana, garhna, macha- 

na, paida i. : — away with, {destroy) 

khapana, sanghama : — money, kamana : 

batorna, jorna : io cause to — , karana, 

karwana, machwana, garhana. 
Maker, karta, kartar, khalik, afrlnanda, 

karnewala, {in comp.) kar, gar, gar, saz. 
Making, {forming) bana'o, sakht, kam. 



2332 



MAN 



Malabar, malewar, malenarl. 
Malady, maraz, bimari, rog, azar, kahili. 
Male, nar, nariikh, 1881, 1144, {in com- 
pos.) bad, Da. Maladministration, 
bad-amali, bad-intizami. Malcontent, 
na-raz, bezar, taglii, na-farman. 
INIaledictiox, kosa, bad-du'a, phit. 
Malefactor, gunahgar, badkar, mujrim. 
Malevolence, bad-khwahi. bad-andeshi. 
Malevolent, bad-khwah. bad-batin. 
Malice, kina, bugLz, adawat, badi : — of 
a rival wife, sautij-a-dali : bearing — , 
ghuna, shutur-klna. 

Malicious, MALiGNANT,adawati,badldiwah 

Malignancy, Malignity, bad-kLwahi. 

Mall, mekh-chii, {walk) phirne ki jagab. 

Malleable, jo chiz pitne se barb ja'e. 

To Malleate, garhna, mekhchu se pitna. 

JIallet, mogra, mekh-chii. (rfoM.) kotapili. 

Maltreatment, bad-svduki. 

Mam, Mamma, ma, mama, maiya, amma. 

Mammon, daulat, dhan, mfd. 

Man, mSnus, m5nukh, nar, Sdmi, insM, 
mardum, mard, {at chess) muhra, {sei'- 
vant) naukar, {in familiar address) miyari, 
{in compos.) hara, bar, wala, wal : — arid 
beast, jan-janwar : — eater, adam-khor : 
— of business, ahl-i-kar : — of either of 
the three first classes, dwija : — of the 
woods, ban-manus : — tvho marries a se- 
cond wife, diij-bar : knowledge of — , 
mardum-shinasi : little — , mardak. 

Manacles, tauk-i-zanjir, hath-kari, 2165. 

Management, sarbarahi, karguzari, tadbir, 
{economy) ihtiyat, kifayat, girhisti. 

To Manage, chalana, sarbarahi k., nibarna. 

Manageable, halka, subuk, khush-lagam. 

Manager, sarbarabkai*, kiir-guzar, juzras. 

Mandamus, hukm-nama, farman, parwana. 

Mandate, hukm, amr, farman, farma'ish. 

AIandrake, ek kism ki per. 

Horse's Mane, ayal, yal : — cropper, 280. 

Manfully, mardana, mardiitiawar,mard-sa. 

Mange, kharish. jiinwaron ki khujli, 1651. 

Manger, than, khurlT. 

Mangifeba indica, am. Mango, am, 
amb, amba : kind of — , sip, sendiiriya : 
juice of — , am-ras, amawat : parings of 
— , amchiir : small unripe — , ambiya, ta- 
kora, kairi : young — , rirhi : — fish, ta- 
passi machhli : garden of — trees, amra'i. 

Mangos boiled with sugar, Ifc, guramba. 

Mangy, kliarishti. Manhood, {virility) 
mardi, rajiiliyat, (being adult) jawani, 
shabab, {prowess) mardanagi, jur'at, 804. 

Maniac, diwiina admi, ba'ola shakh?. 

Manifest, ijahir, ayiin, visqi]}, ashkiira, pa- 
did, prakas, parga(, khula, alaniya, fash. 

To Manifest, dikhlana, ijahir*., kholna. 

To become Manifest, zahir h., kbulna. 



MAR 

Manifestation, iz'har, zuhur, tauzili. 

MANiFESTED,mujaUa.MANiFESTLY',zahiran 

Manifesto, iz'har-nama, siirat-i-hal. 

Manifold, bahut, aksam, gimagun. 

Manikin, mardak, mardwa, ba'ona, larka. 

Mankind, bani-adam, naui-insan, nas. 

Manliness, mardanagi, jawan-mardi. 

Manly, Manlike, mardana, ba-muruwat. 

Manna, mann, shirkhisht. {in med.) taran- 
jubin, {of the bamboo) tabashir, 367 : — 
and quails, mann-salwa. 

Manner, {method) tarah, taur, waz", davd, 
bhant, wajh, dbab, {ctistom) dastiir, rasm, 
rit, chal, {kind) kism, jins : in that — , 
won, wiin, waisa : in the same — , waisa- 
-hi, wiinhin : in this — , yiin, yon, aise : 
in this very — , yQuhin, aise-hi : in what 
— .' kis tarah, kyunkar. 

Mannerly, khush-khulk, mu'addab. 

Manners, akhlak, atwar, auza", adab, chal- 
-dhal : bad — , akhlak -i-iasida : good — , 
dab-i-suhbat, sistachar. 

Manor, ta'alluk : lord of a — , ta'alluk-dar. 

Mansion, makan, haweli, makam, mahall, 
kothl, dai, {of the moon) manzil, 2047. 

Manslaughter, mardum-kushi. 

Mantle, orhna, balaposh, raza'i, pattii. 

Manual, {adj.) dasti, {small book) chhoti 
kitab. Manufactory, kar-khana. 

Manufacture, dastkari, san'at, karigarl. 

To Manufacture, banana, karigarl k. 

Manufactured by order, pattani. 

Manufacturer, dastkar, karigar. 

Manufactures, masnu'at. 

Manumission, azadagi, taljrir, 640. 

To Manumit, azad *., chhor d. 

Manure, pans, khat, khad, sar, khaw. 

To Manure, pansna, sar dalkar jaiyid *. 

Manuscript, dastkhatt, kalami kitab. 

Many, bahut, bahutere, ghanere, kasir, bis- 
yar : as — , jitne, jitte : how — .' kitue, 
kitte : so — , itne, itte, titne : too — , zi- 
yada : twice as — , duchand, do-barabar : 
thrice as — , si-chand : — a man, bahu- 
tere admi. Manycoloured, bahirangi, 
giin-a-giin, rang-a-rang. 

Manytimes, barha, ber-ber, aksar aukat. 

Map, naksha, pat : — of roads, rah-nama. 

To Mar, marna, kharab *., bigarna. 

Marauder, dakait, lutera, dakii. 

Marble, marmar, sang-i-marmar, rukham, 

{paper) afcri : a — , antS, goli, kankara. 

March, {March-April) chait, madhu, 78, 

{journey) kuch, safar, khiram -.forced — , 

ilghar: to — , kuch *., nuhzat k., chal d. 

Marches, {limits of a country) siwana, 

dande, mulk ki hadd. 
Marching, {subst.) kiich, nuh?at, irdhiil. 
Mare, ghori, madiyan, {dakh.) madwan. 
Margin, lab, bar, hashiya, kinfira, palla. 



MAR 

MARGiNAL«c<<e,hashiya.MARGIN8,hawashi. 
Marigold, genda, phirki: African — ,950. 
Marine, bahri, darya'i, {subst.) jahazi. 
Mariner, mallah, kishti-ban, ahl-i-jahaz. 
Marjoram, marzanjosh : wild — , ipar. 
Maritime, samundari, darya'i, bahri. 
Mark, nishan, alamat, chinh, {impression) 
naksh, dagh, {on money) sikka, {butt) ni- 
shana, hadaf, {proof) dalalat, dalil, {of 
price, on cloth) ank, rakam : — by which 
the duration of life is foretold, hailaj : — 
made by burning, gul : — placed on the 
forehead, bainda, tUak, tika, kashka, 
khaur, {dakh.) namam : — prefixed to 
account books, Sfc, sathiya. 
To Mark, nishan *., dagh d., {note) dekh- 
na, dhyan k., {notify) isharat k., batlana, 
{stain) bhama, iiluda k. : — litien, cattle, 
&fc. , ankna, godna, daghna. 
Marked, nishan-dar: to be — , 1049. 
Market, bazar, chauk, hat, hath, penth, 
guzri, Urdu, {day) penth ka din, {for 
horses, cattle, and slaves) nakhkhas, 
{for grain) gola, ganj, {place) chahar- 
-su, {price) arz-i-bazar, nirkh, {town be- 
longing to a fort) katra : person em- 
ployed in a — to measure grain, i)-c., 
hatwa : bad — , {fiat) kasad : daily — , 
gudri : — folks, bazari log : — tnan, hatu. 
Marketable, farokhtaru, chalani, bazaru. 
Marksman, nishana-andaz : good — ,a-chiik. 
Marl, tin-i-kaimfUiya (?), tin-i-misr. 
MARMALADE.murabba. Marmoset, nasnas. 
Marriage, byah, shadi, nikah, akd, kad- 
khuda'i, katkhuda'i, bibah : — bed, hajla: 
form of words used in — ceremonies, si- 
gha : — company, barati : — feast, urs : 
— knot, akd : — procession, barat ; cere- 
mony attending —, arta, gath-bandhan, 
ganth-jora, hath-lewa, {dakh.) bhura, 
patti, rang-khelna, kanchi : — ceremony 
on newly planting an orchard, banotsarg : 
contracting a — , khatb : customs of — , 
tehla : a form of — , rachhas-byah : kind 
of — , gandharb-byah : 07ie who adjusts a 
— , ghatak : relating to — , Sfc, shadiya- 
na : second — of a woman, sagawat, saga'i: 
temporary — , mut'a : to consummate a 
— , ghar-bar basana : to contract a — , sa- 
ga'i *., byah rachaua : to give or take in 
— , byahna. 
Marriageable, byahan-jog, byaline-jog.- 
Music and singing at Marriages, ^c, 1377: 
womanwhomakesor concerts — ,raashshata. 
Marrif,d, byaha, {fetn.) byahtii, nikal.ii, 
mankuha : — man, katkhuda, kadkhuda. 
Marrow, giida, maghz, kalb, majja. : full 
of — , maghz-dar: spinal — , liaram maghz. 
Marrowless, be-maghz. 
To Marry, byahna, {give in marriage) by- 



MAT 

ah dena, nikali kar d., {lake in marriaije) 
byah lana, nikilh k., (read, ifc., the mar- 
riage ceremony) nikah parhna, akd baiidli- 
na, [make a man her husband) khasara k. , 
(make a woman his wife) joru k. 
Mars, mirrikh, raangal, bahram, 783. 
Marsh, daldal, {dakh.) dhau : salt — , 863. 
Marshal, salar, senapat, mir-tuzuk. 
Marshaller, Marshalling, saff-ara. 
Marshy, shora : — ground, jhabar, dabra. 
Mart, ganj, arang, bandar, hat. 
Marten, samiir. Martial, jangi, jur'atl. 
Martin, Martinet, Martlet, ababll. 
Martingal, zerband, peshband. 
Martyr, sliahid : to — , katl k., shalild k. 
Martyrdom, shahadat: place of — , 1911. 
Martyrs, shuhada. 
Marvel of Peru, abbas, gul-i-abbas. 
To Marvel, ta'ajjub *., bhachakna. 
Marvellous, ajib, achaaibha, ujuba, ajab. 
Masculine, nar, nariikh, puling, {in gram.) 

muzakkar : — gender, taz'kir, zakar. 
Mash, dho'I, {for a horse) mahela. 
Mask, burka', parda, bhes : see Pretence. 
Mason, mi'mar, raj, banna, thawa'i, (rfaiA.) 

kamati, 1598. Masonry, rai'maii. 
Mason's rule, zTj, hanjar. 
Masquerade, buvka'-poshon ka jamghat. 
Mass, (lump) pindS, dher, dalfi, (aggregate) 

jama'o, bhir : — of leaven, pera. 
Massacre, katl-i-amm, katl-mukatala. 
Massiness, Massiveness, kalaiil, bara'I. 
Massive, Massy, bara, azim, mota, kalan. 
Mast, mastid, thSm, dol : — tree, debdiir. 
Master, khawind, nath, tbakur, swami, 
makhdum, sahib, mahk, iika, (teacher) 
ustad, mu'allim, pande, akhun, miyanji, 
(of a house) gharwala, khana-khuda, (of 
a house or family) kad-khuda, (of a ship 
or vessel) na-khudii, (of any art, ^c.) us- 
tad, sar-amad, (uneonirolled) mukhtar, (a 
young man) sahib-zada, (in compos.) wala, 
wall, wal, sahib : — of one's oum actions, 
fi'il-i-mukbtar: being one' s oum — , (adj.) 
sar-kbud : office of — of a s/ii/i, na-khuda'I. 
To Master, kabu k., zabt A., maghlCib k. 
Masterly, ustadi : — icork, karigarl. 
Masterpiece, kamal, bihtarin kam. 
Mastership, Mastery, tbakura'I, ustadl. 
To Masticate, chabna, chabana, chikalna. 
Mastic ATioN,chaba'I,chabwa'r,khayandagi 
MASTicH,mastakI. Mastiff, paharikutta. 
Mat, boriya, chata'I, hasir, saff, farsh : ^«e, 
cool — , sTtal-patI : —for kneeling on, 
sajjada, khumra : — maker, boriya-baf, 
(dakh.) burur. 
To Mat, (v. n. grow matted) jamj., (lay 

mats) boriya bichhana, chata'i bichhana. 

Match, (to take fire) dlya-sala'I, (of a gun) 

fallta, palita, jamgl, tora, (contest) muka- 



MEA 

bala, bazi, shar!., (an equat) dSsra, nazir, 
juft, jot, (dakh.) yak-jor. 
To Match, (equal) barabarl k., musawi h., 
(suit) muwafik ft., thik ana, milna, (mar- 
ry) byahna. Matched, ham-tarazu. 
Matching, mukabil, ham-sari. 
Matchless, la-sani, be-nazTr, anutha. 
Matchlock, falTta-dar : — man, 317. 
Mate, juft, jot, (of a ship) malam (Roeb.). 
Material, maddl, jismani, kauni, hayfd- 
iinl, (essential) darkari, ahamm, rauhimm, 
zarijri ; — beings, maddiyat. 
M.\TERiALiTY, jismaniyat, jismiyat. 
MATERiALLY,jasamatan, (essen«a%) bahut, 

nipat. Materialness, zarurat. 
Materials, asbab, saranjiim, saman, 1237. 
Maternal, madarl: — mamion, ma'eka. 
Mathematical sciences, ilm-i-riyazl. 
Mathematically, riyazi ke ri\ se. 
Mathematician, riyazl-dan, muhandis. 
Mathematics, riyazi, ilm-i-riyazi, 1467. 
Matins, saharl ibadat, namaz-i-subh. 
Matrice, Matrix, zihdan, (mould) sancha. 
Matricide, madar-kushi, (the criminal) 
madar-kush. Matrimony, nikah, byah. 
Matrimonial, byah ka, nikahl. 
Matron, mama,bibi. MATROSS,bandhani. 
Matter, hayulii, madda, jism, (of fact) 
as], mahiyat, (case) ahwal, (subject) maz- 
mun, (affair)'kam, bat, (consequence) mu- 
zayaka, (importance) zariir, (pus) pib, 
rim, chirk, miinj, (dakh.) pip. 
To Matter, (import) muzayaka A., gha- 

raz h. : see To Suppurate. 
Mattock, pha'ora, kudali, gainti, belak. 
Mattress, toshak, nih,alcha, bichhauna. 
Maturation, pukhtagi, paka'o, nuzj. 
Mature, pakka, nazij, (perfect) kamil. 
Maturely, ba-pukhtagi, ta'ammul se. 
Maturity, pukhtagi, paka'i, (perfection) 
takmil, (puberty) bulfigh : at the age 
of—, biiligh, (fern.) baiigha. 
Maudlin, nim-mast, khumar-aluda. 
Maugre, bar-khiliif, ba-wujiid, harchandki. 
To Maul, dhunna, pitna, thathana. 
Mausoleum, makbara, rauza. 
Maw, liausila, pota, jhojh, (dakh.) potha. 
Mawkish, seri-awar, naguwari-rasan. 
Maxim, makula, masala, kaniin, kahawat. 
May-June, jeth. May be, bashad, bad. 
Maze, uljha'o, pech-pach, ghabrahat. 
Mazy, pechila, pareshan, uljha'S, hairan. 
Me, mujh, mujhe, mo, mo-hi, (dakh.) muj. 
Mead, Meadow, marghzar, tara'i, chara- 

gah. Mead, (the liquor) shahd-aba. 
Meager, dubla, hakir, lagbar, patla, 887. 
Meagerness, dublapa, dubla'i, laghari. 
Meal, atii, ard, besan, (repast) khana, kbu- 

rak, bhojan : — merchant, paichiiniya. 
Mealy-mouthed, pumba-dahan. 

8 D 



MEC 2333 

Mean, (lov), base) paji, kamina, nich, faro- 
maya, sifla, (middling) majhla, miyana, 
(in compos.) past, bad, kam, dun, ku, 
(subst. medium) ausat, waisila, tawassut : 
— fellow, pajofa, pajl-mizaj : — people, 
arazil, arzal, pawaj : — time, — white, 
ma-bain, is-mei'i, itne-men, is arse men. 
To Mean, (intend) irada k., kasd k., chah- 

na, (signify) ma'ni rakhna, batana. 

Meander, ghuma'o, chakkar, pher, uljha'i). 

To Meander, ghumke bahna, pher khana. 

Meanest, kamtarin, nakir. 

Meaning, (signification) ma'ni, ma'na, 

arth, (intention) irada, maksad, gharaz, 

murad : double — , slesh, jiigat, tasamuli : 

hidden — , ka'b. Meanings, ma'ani. 

Meanly, pajiyana, kaminawar, na-mardi 

se : to think — of a person, halka janna. 
Meanness, pajipana, kaminagi, khiffat. 
Means, asbab, maya, dastgah, sar-maya, 
bisat, hot, bit, wasila, wasatat, wasita, za- 
ri'a : by all or every — , ba-har-hal, ba- 
-har-taur : by any — , ba-har-kaif : by nn 
— , mabad, asla, aslan, zinhar : by some 
— , jon-tou-kar : by or through the — , 
ba-kadr, ba-zari'a, tufail, ma'rifat. 
Mean-spirited, paji-mizaj, past-himmat. 
Mean-spiritedness, past-himmati. 
Measles, garmi-dana (.'). 
Measurable, kabil-i-paima'ish,napne-jog. 
Measure, map, nap, paima'ish, andaza, 
(for measuring cloth) gaz, (for liquids) 
paimana, (for com or dry) kattha, kail, 
(in verse) wazn, mizan, nazm, (mjtsical 
time) tal, tan, (degree) darja, (limit) hadd, 
nihayat, (moderation) i'tidal, (portion) 
Ijissa, (transaction) harakat, kartab,daul: 
land — , jarib, kattha : tailor's — , kat'I. 
To Measure, mapna, napna, paima'ish *., 
(to pass through) tai *., kat' i. (judge 
of) kiyas k., (to proportion) musawi *., 
barabar k. Measured, (prose) mukaf- 
fa, (verse) mauziin. 
Measureless, be-paima'ish, be-hisab. 
Measurement, paima'ish, masahat. 
Measurer, mapne-wala : grain — , kaiyal : 

land — , jarib-kash. 
Measuring and weighing, nap-jokh. 
Meat, (fiesh) mans, gosht, lahm, (food) 
khana, ghiza, khurak, ta'am, ash : — and 
drink, dana-pani, kbana-pina : cold — , 
kalewa : forced — , pibri : skinny and re- 
jected part of — , chhichhra. 
Mecca, makka : temple of — , ka'ba. 
Mechanical, kal ka muta'allik, amall. 
Mechanician, Mechanic, ahl-i-hirfa. 
Mechanics, !lm-i-jarr-i-sakil. 
Mechanism, tarkib, banawat, kalkisJMit. 
Meconium, (of infants) guha'i, (juice of 
poppies) post-dane ka jus. 



2334 



MEL 



Medal, taglima, mudrii, sikka, naksha. 

Medallist, tagljma-dan, sikka-daa. 

To Meddle, dakhl k., ghusna, hathlagana. 

Meddler, har-degl-characha, dakhil, labra. 

To Mediate, bich-bicha'o k., miyanjigari k. 

Mediation, bich-bicha'o, wasatat, 702. 

Mediator, bichwani, miyanji, darmiyani, 
shaft' : to employ as — , darmiyaa d. 

Medical, Medicinal, tibb ka, tibbi, ta- 
blbl : — herb or plant, aushadh, osliadbl: 
root of a — herb, jari : — herbs, jari-buti. 

Medicament, aushadh, aukhadh, zamad. 

Medicine, {remedy) dawa, daru, aukhadh, 
darman, ilaj, (science) tibb : applying of 
— , mudawat : practice of — , tabfibat, 
hakiml, tabibl. Medicines, adwiya. 

Mediocre, manjhola, ausati, mutawassit. 

Mediocrity, ausat, i'tidal, miyanagi. 

To Meditate, sochna, dhyan k., dhyana, 
fikr k., {contrive) bandhna, mansuba k. 

Meditating, {adj.) muta'ammil, {in comp.) 
'97. 1545- Meditation, dhyan, ta'am- 
mul, andesha, soch : religiotts — , jog. 

Meditative, mutafakkir, dhyani, sochi. 

Medium, {means) wasita, wasatat, {middle) 
ausat, bich, {middle state) i'tidal, wasat, 
{intervening body) chiz-i-mutawassit. 

Medley, khalt, ghalmel, {dakh.) tiribiri. 

Meek, bhola, gharib, sallm, halim : — eyed, 
gulab-chashm. Meekness, tahammul, 
gharibi, hilm, bholapan. 

Meet, munasib, thik, la'ik, lazim, wajib. 

To Meet, mulakat A., bhetna, railna, do- 
-char h., {assemble) baham h., ektha h., 
hil-milna : — frankly, chhati kholke mil- 
na : — full in the face, mela milna : — 
Wirt, bhentna, {obtain) pana, hasil k. 

Meeting, mulakat, bhet, wisal, talaki, do- 
char, sansarg, darsan, {assembly) majUs, 
mahfil, sabha, {union) sangam, wasl : — 
and receiving a visitor, istikbal ; — of the 
bride and bridegroom, jilwa, jilwa. 

Meetness, muwafakat, liyakat, shayastagi. 

Megrim, sudii', dauran-l-sar, {dakh.) gheri. 

Melancholic, Melancholy, {adj.) dil- 
-afgar, malul, hazln, munaghghas, sauda'I. 

Melancholy, {subsl.) makhuliya, 1342. 

Melia azadirachta, nim : — sempervirens, 
ban, bakayan. Melilot, iklilu-1-malik. 

Mf.llifluous, shakar-rez, shTrln-zaban. 

Mellow, pakka, pukhta. raaj, ghula'u. 

To Mellow, {v. n.) ghulna, {v. a.) pakana. 

Mellowness, pukhtagi, rasidagi, kamal. 

Melodiods, khiish-ahang, khush-illian. 

Melody, sarod, sur, tarana, khush-ilhani. 

Melon, phut, phuti, rendl, (unripe) kachra. 

Field (//Melons, falez, palez. 

To Melt, (». n.) pighalna, galna, ghulni, 
(v. a.) pighlanfi, galana, {dakh.) 543. 

Melted, tafta, gudakhta, muzab. 



MER 

Melter, Melting, gala'ii,(z« comp.)i6Sg, 
Melting, {siibst.) gudaz, {dakh.) piglat : 

— pot, blita. 

Member, uzv, ang, abyab, {of a society) 
sharik,ahl, sahib. Members, a'za, as'hab. 

Membrane, khalrl, jhilll, parda : — en- 
closing the fcetiis, jhilll, jer, kherhl : rte 
cellular — covering the body, {dakh.) 349. 

Membrcm virile, alat, danna, zakar, karh. 

Memoir, tazkira, sar-guzasht. 

Memoirs, {biographical) tazkira. 

Memorable, la'ik-i-yad, kabil-i-yad. 

Memorandum, yad-diisht, yad-awar. 

Memorial, arzl, 1450, {keepsake) yadgar. 

Memory, yad, chet, hifz, zikr, sudh, suit : 
faculty of — , hafiza : by — , {adj.) kan- 
thSgr, {adv.) khatiran : committed to — , 
mahfiiz .- good — , retention of — , hafizi : 
having a good — , hafiz : to commit to — , 
yad k. : to keep in — , hifazat k., sumarna, 
samharna : to repeat from — , hifazat k. 

Men, rijal, khala'ik, banl-adam, ins, 1880. 

Menace, dhamki, tahdid, ghurki. 

To Menace, dhamkana, dantna, ghurakna. 

To Mend, {v. n.) bhala h., arasta A., (». a. 
repair) marammat*., jorna, banana, {rec- 
tify) sudharna, islah k. : — one's man- 
ners) rah par ana. 

Mended, murakka' : to be — , bannil, sud- 
harna : to get — , jurana. 

Mendicant, gadii, fakir, darwesh, atlt, jan- 
gam, {adj.) bhikh-mangta : religious — , 
jati, digambar, sannyasi, bairagi, jogl. 

Mendicant's habit, dalk : — way of life, 
1040. Mendicity, gada'i, bhikh, fakiri. 

Mending (suis<.)marammat,(ayar»ien<)rafa 

Menial, {adj.) ghara'u, kliana-zad, {subst.) 
khadim, shagird-pesha, naukar. 

Menispermhm cordifolium, {seed) gul-bel: 

— glabrum, gurch, gurach, gilau : — 
hirsutum, faiid, biiti. 

Menses, haiz, phil, raj, nahani : to have 

the — , kapron se h., be-namazi h. 
Menstruum, put, ghala'u, muhallil. 
Mensuration, jarlb-kashi, masahat. 
Mental, dili, kalbi, manl. 
Mentha saliva, podina, na'na'. 
Mention, zikr, mazkiir, chaicha, bayan. 
To Mention, zikr *., sumarna, mazkur k., 

zaban par lana, {in a letter) likhna, darj k. 
Mentioned, mazkur: to be often — , zabiin- 

-zadA. Mentioning, (OT<4»^)tazkir,charcha 
MENYANTHEseri»/a<aor/nf7ica(.'),kamodinI 
Mercantile, tijarati, saudagari, mahajanl. 
Mercenary, mazdur,zar-ashna,(da*A.)599. 
Mercer, bazzaz, Ijarlr-farosh. 
Merchandise, mal, jins, mata", {traffic) 

banij, tijiirat, saudagari, baipfir. 
Merchant, saudagar, banik, baipiiri, tSjir, 

mahajan : wholesale — , seth, kothi-wal. 



MET 

Merchantman, tijarat ka jahaz. 
Merciful, raljim, dayiU, mushfik, ghafur. 
Mercifully, rahm se, karimana. 
Merciless, be-rahm, sang-dil, kathor. 
Mercurial, slmabi, pare ka, {active) c\a.T- 

phara, chanchal. 
Mercury', {quicksilver) para, simab, ras, 

{killed) kushta, {planet) budh, utarid. 
Mercy, rahm, rahmat, daya, maya, marha- 

mat, {power) bas, hath : — ! — ! trah- 

-trah, bapre-bapre ; calling out or cry 

for — , trah-kar, trahi-kir. 
Mere, sirf, luch, nira, nirala, khall, mahz. 
Merely, sirf, mahz, fakat, hi. 
Meretricious, shattah. 
Meridian, {noon) do-pahar, nisfu-n-nahar, 

{litie) khatt-i-nisfu-n-nahar. 
Merit, gun, jauhar, wasf, sazawari, liyakat, 

{right) istihkak : discerner of — , gun-ga- 

hak : moral or religiotts — , pun, punya. 
To Merit, sazawar A., mustahikkA., la'ik A. 
Meritorious, wajibu-1-ajr, sawabi, 560. 
Merlin, baz ki ek kism. Mermaid, jal-mii- 

nus, bintu-1-bahr. Merops viridia, pa- 

tringa. Merrily, shadana, khushi se. 
Merriment, chuhal, ra'o-cha'o, rang. 
Merry, hansor, hans-mukh, khush, kluir- 

ram, shiidraan : to make — , chuhal k., 

raehana : — andrew, maskhara, bhand. 
Mesentery, antriyon k! thaill. 
Mesh, jal ka siirakh, khana, jhanjhrl. 
Mess, ek rikabi khana, ta'am, {medley) 

khalt, {an eating together) ham-ta'imi. 
To Mess, khana, bhojan *., milkar khana. 
Message, payiim, paigham, sandesa, kha- 

bar : to send a — , kahla bhejna. 
Mutual Mess.^ges, paighama-paighami. 
Messenger, dauriiha, paighambar, kasid, 

payik, harkara : of good tidings, bashir. 
Messiah, masiha, hazrat isa : of the — , 

masiha'i, maslhi. 
Messmate, ham-tabak, ham-nawala, 2192. 
MESUA/ercea, nag-kesar, nagesar. 
To be Met with, milna. 
Metal, dhat, filizz : a mixed — , azhdhiit, 

bhart. Metallic, dhat ka, filizzi. 
Metallurgy, simiya, kimiya, rasayan. 
Metals, filizzat. 

To Metamorphose, phirana, mutabaddali. 
To be Metamorphosed, maskh A. 
Metamorphosis, tabdTl-i-sQrat, tanasukh. 
Metaphor, isti'ara, tashbih, majaz, masal. 
Metaphoric, Metaphorical, majazi. 
Metaphorically, majazon, isti'Sratan. 
Metaphysics, ilahiyat, ilm-i-ma ba'da-t- 

tabi'i. To Mete, mapna, napna. 
Metempsychosis, tanasukh, autar. 
Meteor, shihilb, lOk. 
Method, dhab, taur, uslub, tartib, waz'. 
Methodical, raurattab, iirasta, muntazam. 



MIL 

Methodically, ba-tartib, tiut!b se. 

Metre, bahr, mizan, saj", wazn, kafiya. 

Metrical, manzum, mukaffa, musajja . 

Metropolis, takbt-gah, daru-s-saltaaat. 

Mettle, janbazi, phurt, dileri, himmat. 

Mettlesome, jan-dar, jan-baz, phurtlla. 

Mew, (sea bird, in dahh.) kagbazl. 

To Mew, {as a cat) menu-menu A. 

Mewing, mau. Miasm, bukhar. 

Mica, abrak, talk, bhural. 

Mice, chuhiyan, chiibe. Michael, 2013. 

Michelia champaca, champa, champak. 

Microcosm, alam-i-asghar, insan. 

Mid, adha, mm, nikhand. 

Midday, do-pahar, zuhr, niniroz, 2066. 

Middle, (af/;'.)ausat., manjhola,nIm, (subsl.) 
miyan, miyana, darmiyan, bich, ausat, 
naf, (of a mountain) kamar : in the — , 
adh-bich, darmiyan, manjh : in the — of 
the road, asna-i-rah men i of — stature, 
miyana-kadd : the — , (waist) kamar, kat. 

Middle-aged, nisf, adher, nim-sal. 

Middle-man, madhya-stha, miyan-jl. 

Middlemost, bicb-a-bich, manjhola. 

Middling, bain-bain, mutawassit, majhla, 
1961, rasmi, aisa-waisa, (in comp.) chhut. 

Midge, ankb-phora, angora, macbchhar. 

Midmost, ausati, darmiyani. 

Midnight, adhi rat, nim-shab: of — ,2108. 

Midriff, parda-i-shikam jo chbati aur 
peru ke bich hai. 

Midst, darmiyan : in the — , bich meii. 

Midstream, majb-dhar, manjli-dhar. 

Midsummer, wasatu-s-saif, dbup-kala. 

Midway, adhi rah, asna-i-rah, adhi dur. 

Midwife, da'i-jana'i, kabila, jana'i, da'i. 

Midwifery, da'i-gari, ilm-i-taulid. 

Mien, kiyafa, manzar, chal, dhab, chihra. 

Might, (v. past tense) saka, (suhst.) kuwat, 
makdiir, zor, bal : with all one's — , mak- 
dur bhar, sir ke zor. 

Mightily', zor se, ba-shiddat, bahut. 

Mightiness, takat, kudrat bara'I, sharaf. 

Mighty, kadir, zorawar, mahabali, kawi. 

To Migrate, par mulk ko ja rahna. 

Migration, tabdil-i-makan, intikal. 

Milch, dudhail : — cow, ga'e dudhar. 

Mild, Ijallm, narm, salim, dhlma, komal. 

Mildew, arkan, gerii'I, lendha, harda. 

MiLDNESs,hilm,narmi,komalta,mulayamat. 

Mile, mil, adhii kos, (the kos or haroh being 
about two miles in length, though very 
various). Milestone, mil ka nishandar 
patthar, minar. 

Military, lashkarT, askarl : — profession, 
sipab-garl : ma7i of the — tribe, chhatrl. 

Kind o/MiHTiA soldier, si-bandi (1355). 

Milk, dCidh, shir, go-ras, chblr, pai : — and 
water, lassl ; — inspissated by boiling, 
mawa, kho'a : — of plants, lasa : — that 



MIN 

sticks to the bottom of a pot after boiling, 
karoni : (a child) reared with the — of 
cattle, goras-ha : curdled — , goras, dahl : 
giving — , (adj.) dudhar : giving much — , 
(adj.) iudhir, shir-dar: livingon — , (adj.) 
dudh-adhari : thick, sour or coagulated — , 
dahl, dadhi, dosi, chakka, rabrl. 

To Milk, dohna, (dakh.) dud nichorna. 

Milker, duhar, dohne-walii. 

Milkmaid, gwalin, ahlran, ahlrl, ahimi. 

Milkman, dosi, ghosi, gwala, ahlr. 

Milk-nurse, da'i. Milkpail, dohni, 1 68 1 . 

MiLKPAN,di:idh-handi.MiLKPOTTAGE,kachi 

Milksop, niimard, zanana, shir-khora. 

MiLK-WARM, shir-garm : to be —, 1724. 

Milkwhite, abyaz, dfidh ka sasufed. 

Milky, dudhi, dudhiya, shiri, diidh ka, 
dudh sa: — hedge plant, sij, sehund. 

Milky-way, kahkashan, hathiya ki rah. 

Mill, chakki, asiyii, janta, chak. 

To Mill, pisna, dalna, (coin) chhapna, sik- 
ka mama. Mill-cog, dandiin-i-asiya. 

Millepedes, hazar-pa. Miller, plsanhiira. 

Millet, jo'ar, chena, kangnl, (dakh.) jari. 

Million, nijut, das lakh : million — , kharb : 
hundred — , arb : ten — , karor, kor. 

Millstone, chakki, chak, chakki ka piit, 
pat, sang-i-asiyii : iron spindle or axis of 
a — , kutb : to roughen a — , rahna. 

Milt, (spleen) tilli, supurz, (soft sperm of 
fishes) machh ka nutfa. 

Mime, Mimic, nat, natwa, bhand, 401. 

To Mimic, bhagat khelna, nakl k., 631. 

Mimicking, Mimicry, bahuriip, sang. 

'iAiMO%\abstergens, (dakh.)c\uki, siki, 1300: 

— albida or suma, sami : — arabica, ba- 
bfd, babur, 1538 : — cinerea, (dakh.) 
wardale : — natans, riithni, lajalu : — 
pudica, lajiilu : — scandens, gila : — seris, 
siris : extract of — catechu, kath. 

MiMusops elengi, bakul, maulsari, 1708 : 

— kauki, khirni. 
Minaret, manar, manara, minar. 
ToMiNCE, chhenchna, kima*., para-paraA..- 

— one's words, chab chab baten k. 

Minced meat, kima, goshtawa, puran. 

Mind, man, zamir, chit, jl, jan, khatir, (un- 
derstanding) zihn, hosh, mudrika, (inten- 
tion) iriida, kasd, gharaz, (wish) chah, 
Ichw.ihish, (memory) yad, hafiza, hifz, 
sudh : as the — may desire or solicit, 
man mane : coming into the — , (subst.) 
khutur : in the — , (adv.) bhaweii : putter 
in — , yad-dih : to have a — , ji *. ; to 
make up one's — , chit k. 

To Mind, manna, lihaz *., sochna, 973. 
Minded, ma'il, khwah. 
Mindful, su-chet, khabardar, hoshyar. 
Mindless, be-kbabar, ghafil, a-chet. 
Mine, (of me) mera, mere, meri, mira, me- 



MIS 



2.3.3,j 



ro, mama, mhara, mujh, (dukh.) muj, 
(quarry) klifin, kan, ma dan, (passage 
under ground) nakb, surang. 

To Mine, kan khodna, surang mama. 

Miner, kan-kan, nakkab, nakb-zan. 

Mineral, (adj.) ma'dani, kani, (subst.) 
dhat. Mineralogy, ilm-i-ma"dan. 

To Mingle, (v. n.) milna, (v. a.) railana, 
makhliit i., ghepna, (dakh.) kalana. 

Minion, kha'e-bardar, talihrii, laga-lipta. 

Minister, dlwan, dastiir,kar-farma, (agent) 
na'ib, kar-kun, peshkar, (envoy) diit, wa- 
kil, elchi, (priest) imam, pesh-namaz, 
panda, (of state) wazir, pardhan, mada- 
ru-1-mahamm, mantri. 

Ministerial, wazirl, wakllana, khidmati. 

Ministry, khidmat, (ministers) arkan-i- 
-daulat, (office of the minister) wizarat. 

Minium, isrinj, ingur, sindur, sendur. 

Minor, (adj.) chhota, thora, kam, (subst.) 
na-baligb, kam-sinn : — term of a syl- 
logism, sughra. 

Minority-, killat, kami, (in age) na-balighi, 
khurd-siili, (of a prince) shahzadagi. 

Minstrel, mutrib, klmnya-gar. magadli. 

Minstrelsy', kaliiwauton ka kam, mutribl. 

Mint, (Me plant) podina, na'na", (for 
coining) taksiil, daru-z-zarb, (dakh.) tang- 
sal : officers of the — , taksall, taksiiliya : 
— master, zarrab. 

Minute, (adj.) nihayat chhota, birik, da- 
klk, siichham, (subst.) sa'at, lamha, da- 
klka, an, (note) sharli : — thing, dikkat. 

To Minute, likh lena, kalam-band k. 

Minutely-, dikkat se, nakir o kitmir. 

Minuteness, barIkI,rikkat,(o/rfc<a!7) 1979. 

Minutes, dakii'ik. Minutiae, juziyat, 1051. 

MiRABiLisj'a/ojtia, abbas, g\d-i-abbas. 

Miracle, khark-i-adat, karamat, mu'jiza. 

Miracles, khark-i-adat, karamat, khawa- 
rik : performance of — , saa'at-gari : to 
work — , kimiyii k. 

Miraculous, ajab, ajib, adbbut, karamati. 

Miraculously, bi-l-i"jaz. Mirage, sarab. 

Mire, kich, kichar, khilab, chihla, wahal, 
kada : sotmd of walking in — , ghacha. 

To Mire, phasanii, kichar men dubana. 

Mirror, a'Ina, dai-pan, mir'at, mukur : — 
maker, ii'ina-siiz : — making, a'ina-sazi. 

iJoom a<fo™erfw^7AMIRRORS,shisha-mal.lall. 

Mirth, chahal-pahal, khushi, khurraml. 

Mirthful, khush, shadman, bashshash. 

Mirthless, udas, na-khush, be-rang. 

Miry-, pur-wahal, daldala. 

Misadventure, bala, afat, bad-balat. 

Misanthrope, insan-dushman. 

To Misapply, bar-bad d., be-fa'ida lagana. 

Misapplied, bar-bad : to be — , bar-bad h. 

To Misapprehend, ghalat-fahmi k. 

Misapprehension, chuk, khatajkaj-fahmi. 



2336 



MIS 



To Misbehave, bad-suluki k. 
Misbehaviour, bad-suliikl, kuclial. 
To MiscAL, kharab karke kahnii. 
To Miscalculate, chuknii, bhulna. 
Miscarriage, Miscarrying, iskat, pet 

girna, waz'i-haml, {failure) bad-anjaml. 
To MiscARRT, pet girna, adhura j., (fail 

of success) bigarna, (a letter) gum A. 
MisCELLAKEOUS,mutafarrik,(rfa*A.)garbar. 
Miscellany, kachkol, (daM.) garganjali. 
Mischance, shamat, aseb, badbakht. 
Mischief, {hurt, damage) zarar, nuksan, 
gazand, ziyan, {harm, evil) kharabi, bu- 
ra'i, badi, fitna, {wickedness) fasad, sha- 
rarat : to do — , nuksan k., bigarna. 
Mischiefmakeb, kbalali, fitna-saz. 
Mischievous, ziyankar, drohl, mufsid, mu- 
zirr, fasadJ, fattan, shokb: to be — ,cbabia. 
MiscHiEvocsNESs, miifsidi, ziyan-karl. 
To Misconceive, khilaf samajhna. 
Misconception, gbalat-fahml, khata,chuk. 
Misconduct, bad-cball, bad-amall, kuchal. 
Misconstruction, khilaf-ta'bir. 
To Misconstrue, bat pherna. 
Miscreant, kafan-chor, mardud, martadd. 
Misdeed, bad-kari, bad-kirdari, gunah. 
Misdemeanour, be-chall, kucba, kusur. 
INIisER, bakhn, kanjiis, shum, makkhi-cbus, 

mumsik, jalaf, chant, dani, kirpan. 
Miserable, kharab, miskin, ashufta, 437. 
Miserably, khwarl se, kam-bakhti se. 
Miserly, kirpan, thur-dila, tangdil. 
Misery, kharabi, pareshani, ashuftagi. 
Misfortune, Mishap, afat, bipat, aseb, 
bad-bakhtl, bala, musibat, hadisa : one — 
following another, dagh bar bala-i-dagh : 
one — follows another, chot par chot : to 
hare one — added to another, korh men 
khaj nikalna. 
To Misgive, bharmana, shubh drdna. 
To Misguide, bhatkana, gum-rah k. 
Mishmash, {dakh.) tiri-birl, garganjali. 
To Misinform, jhuthi khabar d., bhulana. 
To Mislay, hirana, rakhkar bhiilna, khona. 
To Mislead, bhatkana, bahkana, bhulana. 
MiSLiNG, {small rain) phunhl, phiihar. 
To Mismanage, bigarna, nasana. 
Mismanagement, bad-amali, be-tadbiri. 
To Misname, jhatha nam d., nam phirana. 
To MiSPELL, ghalat hije k. 
roMiSPLACE,be-thikanarakhna,bejarakhna 
Misplaced, be-ja, be-mauka", kuthaur. 
To Misrepresent, talbis *., jhuth bolna. 
Misrepresentation, talbis, inkilab. 
Misrule, bad-hukmi, bad-amali, halchal. 
Miss, {loss) kasiir, {error) chuk, khafa, 
(ffirl) larki, kori, beti, (title) doshizon kii 
khiti'ib. To Miss, bhiilna, chiikna, (not 
to hit) na lagnii, (not meet with) na pana, 
na milna, (find the want of) chahna. 



MOD 

7'oMissHAPE,bad-shakl*.,ku-daulbaaana. I 
Missile, hath-chhCit, diir-andazi. 
Missing, (adj.) gum, mafkiid, na-paida : 

to be — , jata rahna. , 
Mission, irsal, rasiill : divine — , risalat, 

paighambari. Missionary, firishta. 
Mist, kiihra, kubasa, kuhra, bukhar. 
Mistake, chvik, khata, sahii, ghalat. 
To Mistake, chiikna, bhiilna, khata k. 
Mistaken, a-suddh.MisTAKiNGLY,sahwari. 
Mistiness, dhundhla'i, dhundhlahat. 
Mistletoe, banda, banda, bauda, pargachh. 
Mistress, (lady) saliiba, makhdiima, kad- 
-banu, bibi, (sxceetheart) ma'shiika, dil- 
dar, ehahiti, but, (concubine) suraitin. 
Mistrust, bad-gumanl, be-i'tibari,bharam. 
Mistrustful, bad-guman, bad-i'tikad. 
Misty, dhundhli, andha. 
To Misunderstand, ghalat samajhna. 
Misunderstanding, ghalat-fahmi : — be- 
tween friends, ikhtilaf, an-ras, bigri : to 
have a — with a friend, rosna. 
Misusage, Misuse, bad-suluki,bad-tariki. 
Mite, ghun, (particle) zarra, kanika. 
To Mitigate, tal^f A., ghatana, kam k., 

(assuage) thanda, k., mukhaffaf k. 
Mitigation, takhfif, taskin, chhiit. 
Mitre, chautarka.kulah. Mittens, dastana. 
To Mix, (v. n.) milna, makhlut h., (v. a.) 

mUana, ghepna, (with a liquid) gholna. 
Mixed, amekhta, mukhtalit, makhliit, mu- 

rakkab : to be — , milna, ralna, sanna. 
Mixing, (subst.) amezish, ikhtiliit, mila'o. 
Mixture, mila'o, amezish, ikhtilat. tarkib, 
mel : — of oil and dust, chikat : barba- 
rous — of two languages, khichri. 
Mizzen, jahaz ka pichhla mastiil, kalmi dol. 
Moan, nauha, nala, ah-o-zari, afsos, kariih. 
To Moan, karahna, nala k., afsos k., 1569. 
Moat, khandak, kha'i, (dakh.) terikra. 
Mob, bhlr, amboh, jhund, hujum, jama'o. 
Mobility, (mob) awamm, awammu-n-nas. 
Mocha, mukha: — stone, akIku-1-bahr. 
Mock, (adj.) jhiitha, taklidi, nakll. 
Mock, Mockery, sukhiiya, taz'hik, haiisl. 
To Mock, chirana, birana, bidorna. 
Mocker, zahik. Mocking, (saisZ.) taz'hik. 
Mode, (manner) tarah, taur, wajh, ghat, 
waz", bhanti, usliib, (custom) dastiir, cha- 
lan, rit, rawaj, (form) ?iirat, riip, shakl : 
— in music, rag, ragini. 
Model, namuna, naksha, kalib, (copy) nus- 
kha, (example) kidwa : — on wood, kat- 
kana : to — , banana, daul d., naksha *. 
Modeller, katkane-baz. 
Moderate, mu'tadil, miyana, kalil : to — , 
mu'tadil A., (abate) ghatana, (regulate) 
zabt *. Moderated, mazbut. 
Moderately, i'tidal se. 
Moderateness, Moderation, i'tidal, mi- 



MON 

yana-rau'i, (forbearance) burdbari, sabr. 
Moderator, mir-i-majlis, thamne-wala. 
Mo dern, muta'akhkhir, naya, jadid, pichhla. 
Moderns, muta'akhkhirin. pichhle. 
Modest, lajwant, lajila, hayadar, sharmgin, 

khajil. Modestly, baya se, sharm se. 
Modesty, laj, sharm, hijiib, ghairat, (chas- 
tity) ismat : overwhelmed with — , 968. 
Modicum, thora, kam, zarra, wajh-i-kafaf. 
Modification, tarkib, badal. 
To MoDiFY,ultanapultana, sudharna, (shape) 

surat d., daul d., (softeti) narmana. 
To Modulate, awaz banana, alapna. 
Modulation, awaz bandhna, naghma. 
MoGHUL, mughul. Moiety, adha, nisf. 
To Moil, mihnat k., maila h. 
Moist, tar, nam, namnak, martiib, glla, se- 

rab, namin, rath : to be — , rasiyana. 
To Moisten, bhijana, bhigana, gila k. 
Moistness, Moisture, tarawat, nami, tari, 

rutubat : destroyed by — , nam-khnrda. 
Molasses, gur, lapta, chho'a. 
Mole, (spot) til, khal, (mound) bandh, 

pushta, mend, (animal) chhuchhiindar. 
Molecule, zarra, kanika. 
To Molest, satana, taklif d., khijana, 937. 
Molestation, taklif, iza, tasdi", dukh. 
Molester, janjali, miizi, muzahim. 
MoLLiFiER, mulaiyia. To Mollify, nar- 
mana, narm k., (melt) pighlana, (as- 
suage) thanda k. 
Moment, lamba, dam, sa'at, lahza, pal, pa- 
lak, nimikh, (importance) muzayaka, za- 
riirat : at this — , bi-l-fi"l : every — , dam- 
-ba-dam : fortunate — , jog : in a — , 
chhin-bhar men : of little — , nakli-, aisa- 
-waisa : of no — , puch. 
Momentary, chhanik, ek dam ka, arizi. 
Momentous, bhari, giran, muliimm, bara, 

ahamm : — business, muhimm. 
MoMORDiCA charantia, karela : — mixta, 

kankrol : — monadelpha, bimb, vimba. 
Monad, juz-i-la-yutajazza. 
Monarch, padshah, shah, sultan, malik. 
Monarchy, badshahi, saltanat, mamlukat. 
Monastery, khankah. da'ira, sauma'a, dair, 

dharm-sala : chief of a — , da'ira-dar. 
Monday, som-wiir, som, pir, do-shamba. 
Money, nakd, zar, paisii, dirhara : — in 
advance, takawi : — of the lowest value, 
kiini kauri : first —^ received for sale in a 
morning, dast-laf : small — , muradi: to 
examine — , parakhna. 
Moneychanger, sarnif, khurdiyii. 
Money-changing, jarrafi. 
Moneyed, zar-dar, mal-dar, t ikaita, 606. 
Monger, (in compos.) farosh, biiz. 
Mongoose, biji, rasfi, newala, mungus. 
Mongrel, dhakar, do-ragga, mujannas. 
Monitor, na?ih, wa'13, (teacher) murshid. 



MOR 

Monk, rahib, zahid, mahant, kalandar. 

Monkey, bandar, ban-char, bozna, bozi- 
na, maimiin, kapi, markat, banar, rukh- 
-cliarha: — keeper or trainer, karrad:ye- 
male — , bandrl, bandariya, lalgandi. 

Monkish, kalandarl, darweshi, fakirl. 

MoNOCULAR,MoNocuLOus,kanri,ekchashm, 

Monopolist, ijaradai', gballa-farosli. 

To Monopolize, apnana, chhenkna, ijara Ic. 

MoNOPOLizEH,ghaUa-farosh,(dai/(.)tambuli 

Monopoly, kliass-kharld, ijara, kurk (?). 

Monsoon, mausimi bawa jo cbha mahine 
tak ek taraf bahtl hai. 

Monster, aja'jb-kbilkat, rachhas, ifrlt. 

Monstrous, dev-surat, mamsukh. rachhasi, 
{great) axlm. Mons veneris, thikrl, zihar. 

Month, mahina, mah, mfis, sbahr. 

Monthly, mahi, shahri : — pay, wages, 
mahina, darmaha, mahiyana, mushuhara : 
— servant, mahina-dar, darmaha-dar. 

Monument, yad-gar, yadgarl, nishani, 
(<o»M4s/one)yadgari-situn,yadgarI-patthar. 

Monumental, yadgar, yadgari, makbarl. 

Mood, balat, kho, waz", {of a verb) sigha. 

Moody, khafU, chirchira, bai-ham, malul. 

Moon, chand, chandar, chandarma, mah, 
kamar, som, sasi, mahtab : change of the 
— , amawas, tahtu-sh-shu'a" : day of the 
full — , puran-masi, purnima, piinyo : day 
of new — , daras, dars : full — , badr, pu- 
nim, {dakh.) punnim : new — , hiliil, ba- 
la chand : to change as the — , chand chhi- 
pana : the — has risen, chand ne khet kiya. 

Moon-beams, Moon-light, Moonshine, 
chandni, mahtab, chandrika, junhaiyil. 

Moon-plant, bamhni. Moon-rising, 893. 

Moor, daldal, be-abad zamin, {negro) zangi. 

To Moor, langar k., langar dSlna, lagana. 

To Mope, udasbaithna, afsurda h., ungha k. 

Moral, zi-adab, akhliik-numa, khallk, nek- 
-kho. {suist.) nasiliat, basil, natija, pand, 
khuliisa: — philosophy, nit-shastr. 

Moralist, adib, atalllj, nasih, wa'iz. 

Morality, ilm-i-akhlak, nit, akhlak, adab. 

To Moralize, akhlak batlana. 

Morally, akhlak se, rasti se, diyanat se. 

Morals, Tlm-i-akhlak, akhlak. sirat. 

Morass, daldal, tar o nichi zamin, garan. 

Morbid, mariz, bimar, rogl. 

Morbidness, maraz, bimarl, rog. 

More, aur, ziyada, adhik, saras, bahut, af- 
ziin, besh : — or less, {adv.) aune-paune, 
(adj.) besh kam, thora bahut, kam o 
ziyad : the — so, jyun, jyon, jyaun. 

Moreover, amma, balki, alawa, siwa, tis par. 

Morinda citrifolia, al, "222 : — umbellata, 
{dakh.) cbhota al. 

Morn, Morning, fajr, subh, sabar, bhor, 
tarka : — star, zuhra : good — , {saluta- 
tion) sabahu-1-khair : in the — , sabere. 



MOT 

sawere, ala-5-§abah, {dakh.) §abau : early 
in the — , ban fajr. 

Morose, durasht, chirchira, tursh-rfl. 

Moroseness, durushtl, tursh-ru't, sakhtl. 

Morris hells on the ankles, chaurasl. 

Morrow, To Morrow, kal, farda, bihan, 
{dakh.) saba : — morning, kal fajr : — 
night, kal kl rat. 

Morse, {sea horse) darya'i ghora. 

Morsel, tukrii, lukma, nawala, boti, ka- 
wal : delicious — , sone ka nawala : first — , 
aggras, Mort de chien, nparwa'i-tarwa'i. 

Mortal, (arf;.)faul,fauti,fana-pazir, {dead- 
ly, fatal) katil, muhlik, marii, {sulist.)m- 
san, adml, manush : — disease, raj-rog, 
suwaf, marazu-1-maut : — enemy, jani 
dushman : — enmity, khasml-i-jani : — 
sin, gunah-i-kabir. 

Mortality, fana, chhai, {death){a.\it, marg, 
{human nature) bashrlyat. 

Mortally, mulilikana, ba-halakl. 

Mortar, {for pounding) ukhli, okhlJ, ulu- 
khal, bawan, hawan, kharal, kiindl, {for 
bombs) ghubara, garnal, {dakh.) garnal, 
{cement) gach, rekhta, kho'a : mixture of 
lime and linseed oil for — , galgal. 

Mortgage, rihn, girau, bandhak. 

Mortgagee, mnrtahin. Mortgager, rahin. 

Mortification, (i7aM^?-eMe)saran,palan (?), 
{self-denial) nafs-kushi, tapas, riyazat, 
zuhd, {vexation) taklif, iza, koft. 

To Mortify, {rot) sarna, {vex) kurhana, 
khijana, {humble) dabana, faro k. : — 
one's desire, ji-marna. 

To be Mortified, bii'I pachni, dab j. 

Mortise, chhed, sfirakh, sal. 

Mosaic, {adj. )mnsa.'i, {subst.) pachchi-karl. 

Moses, musi, miisa, kalimu-1-lah. 

MosauE, masjid, ma'bid, dargah. 

Moss, ka'I, siwar, 1661, 927, {dakh.) run. 

Most, aksar, bahut, beshtar, ziyada. 

Mostly, ybr the Most parifheshtar, aksar, 
aksariya, ghaliban, basa aukat, bahudha. 

Motacilla, mamola. Mote, kirkiti, zarra. 

Moth, kapreka kira, parwana, ucbrang. 

Mother, ma, mata, madar, mahtari, umm, 
amma, janani, daiya, walida, {dakh.) ma- 
'oli, {scum) phaphundi jo sirke par hoti 
hai : — in law, khush-daman. sas : — of 
pearl, sadaf, sipi. 

Mother's brother's daughter, {dakh.) mau- 
lerJ bahan : — brother's son, {dakh.) mau- 
lera bha'i : — family, maika : — house, 
pihar : — sister, mausi : — sister's daugh- 
ter, mauseri bahin : — sister's husband, 
mausa, {dakh.) khala'I : — sister's son, 
mausera bha'i. 

Motherless, be-madar, {dakh.) yasir. 

Motherly, mildarl, madarana, madarwar. 

Motion, harakat, jumbish, hila'o, dula'o, 
8 E 



MOU 



2337 



chill, chala, raftar, gati, {proposal) bat, 
tajwiz : putting in — , {adj.) muharrik, 
muhrik : to be in — , rawana h. 

Motionless, be-ljarakat, ni-dhol, sakin. 

Motive, ba'is, miijib, sabab, kiiran. 

Motley, rang-a-rang, gun-a-giin, garbar. 

Motto, kitabat, saj', alamat. 

To Move, {v. n.) chalna, hilna, sarakna, ta- 
sakna, harakat *., dolna, hatna, {v. a.) 
hilana, chalana, harakat d., {remove) sar- 
kana, tahia, {affect) tiisir *., {excite) tar- 
ghib d., taljrik d., {propose) iz'har k. : — 
from side to side, dhalmalana : — out of 
the way, sarkiina, tarna. 

Moveable, jangam, cliar, mutaharrik. 

Moveables, mal-i-mankiila, jins, a,sas. 

Moved, mutaharrik : to be — , sarakna. 

Movement, chal, chalawa, barakat, tahrlk. 

Mover, chalanhar (exciter) 1859. 

Moving, {subst.) jumbish, rawani, {adj.) 
char, rawiin, (pathetic) jigar-soz, dil-soz. 

Mould, (mouldiness) phaphundi, (dakh.) 
biinj, (earth) mitti, gil, (model) sancha, 
kalib, (shape) dhab, daul, (for casting) 
sigha, pargliati : to — , (knead) gundhnii, 
sanna, (form) banana, shakl bandhnii, 
(get mouldy) phaphundi lagna. 

Moulded, cast in a Mould, kahbi. 

To Moulder, khak A., chur-chur h. 

Mouldiness, phaphundi, (of vinegar) 1663. 

Moulding, (in architecture, dakh.) nab. 

To Moult, dasokha jharna, kurlz k., 1572. 

Moulted, par-rekhta. Moulting, dasokha. 

Mound, pushta, tapri, tfida, band, mend, 
tliha : — at the root of a tree, thall. 

Mount, tlla, pahari, toda, (dakh.) pharl. 

To Mount, charhna, buland h., su'ud/!-., (a 
horse) sawar h. , pith lagna : — a horse 
or colt for the first time, ladi k. 

Mountain, koh, pahar, gir, jabal, parbat, 
dougar, (dakh.) phar, par: — digger, koh- 
-kan : — like, koh-paikar : — robber, cho- 
'ar : — with which the ocean was churned, 
mandar, mandar. 

Mountaineer, pahariya, kohi, parbati. 

Mountainous, kohi, kohsar, (dakh.) pa- 
hari : — belt bounding the world, lokalok ; 
— country, kohistan, kohsar, kuhsar. 

Mounted, Mounter, sawar, charhwaiya. 

To Mourn, matam k., kurhna, afsos k. 

Mourner, matamdar, nauha-gar, sina-zan. 

Mournful, matami, maghmum, ghamgln. 

Mourning, (subst.) miltam, ta'ziyat, gham, 
kurhan, (adj.) matam-zada, sogwar : — 
dress, matami hbas : — over the dead, 
nauha : house of — , azii-khana, 1816 : in 
— , aza-dar : to go into — , ta'ziya lena. 

Mouse, chuha, chuhi, musa, mush : — hole. 
cbiihl ka bil : — trap, chiihe-dan, dabkar. 

Mouser, chuhe-mar, chiih-mar, miish-gir. 



2338 



MUM 



Mouth, munh, dahan, dahan, fam, iinan, 
mukh, {inlet) muhana, paithne ki rah, 
(outlet) muhana, dahana : iy the — , 
(suist.) zabani : dorvn in the — , udas : to 
be down in the — , munh latkana : to open 
the — , munh bana : to stop one's — , 
munh marna, munh sina. Mouthful, 
lukma, nawiila, {of drinh) chuski. 

Mouthpiece of a hukka^ muuh-nal. 

Mouths, afwah : to make — , munh banana. 

Mow, khaliyan men rakhi hu'i ghas ki 
dheri : to — , {cut) das se katna. 

Much, {adj.) bahut, ghanera, ivafir, kasTr, 
firawan, bisyar, dher, {subst.) kasrat, if- 
rat, {adv.) nihayat, nipat, ati : to make — 
of, pyar *. , khatir k.: to think — of, 
{grudge) daregh k. : very — , bahutera. 

Mucilage, las, lu'ab. Mucilaginous, 
lu'abi, laslasa, lasdar, lazij. 

Muck, khad, khat, sar, guh, mail. 

Mucous, lasdar, lu'abi, chikkat, laslasa. 

Mucus, chitka, lu'ab, rent. 

Mud, kich, kichar, gil, pank, chihla, chik, 
wahal, hn, hlla, kada : made of — , kham. 

MuDDixEss, takaddur, kudiirat, gadla'i. 

To Muddle, nim-matwalai., {foul) gadla*. 

Muddy, chihlaha, gadla, mukaddar, maila. 

Mud-wall, kachchi diwar, mitti kl dlwar. 

To Muffle, lapetna, dhampna, orhna. 

Muffler, {for the face) burka", ghiinghat. 

Mufti, mufti: ojjiceordutyofa — ,muftigarl. 

Mug, ab-khura. amriti, mishraba, 551. 

Mugil cephalus, {dakh.) arabi machchhi. 

Muhammadan, islami, musalman, {adj.) 
muliammadi; — religion, musaimani, 114. 

Mulatto, mastisa, doghla, do-nasla. 

Mulberry, tut, shahtiit. 

Mulct, tawan, gunahgari, dand, jarimana. 

Mule, astar, khachchar: — driver. Mule- 
teer, khachchar-ban. 

Mulish, khaehchar-sa, arii'a, aryal. 

Mullar, batta, lorha. 

Mullet, parhin, {dakh.) arabi machchhi. 

Mulligatawny, {dakh.) char. 

Multifarious, bahut, rang-ba-rang. 

Multiform, bahu-riipi, kasiru-1-ashkal. 

Multifede, bahu-charni. 

Multiplicand, mazrub. Multiplica- 
tion, {in arith.) zarb, (table) pahara. 

Multiplicity, kasrat, ifrat, bahutat. 

Multiplier, zarib, mazrub fihi. 

To Multiply, (increase, v. n.) bafhna, 
ziyada h., (v. a.) barhana, ziyada i., (in 
arith.) zarb i., jofti k. 

Multitude, bahutayat, kasrat, wufur, ogh, 
(dakh.) akkhar, (crowd) bhir, jama'o, 
(dakh.) tanda. Mum, chup, chup raho. 
To Mumble, zer lab kahna, kurkurana, 
(dakh.) gungunana, {bite softly) chabana: 
to bite and — , bhambhorna. 



MUS 

McMMY, momiya ; of or like a — , momiya'i. 

Mundane, dunyawi, dunyawi, sansari. 

Munificence, jud, sakhawat. dad-dihish. 

Munificent, data, faiyaz, jawan-mard. 

Munition, zakbira. lara'i ka saman. 

Murder, khiin, katl, hathya'i : — of a 
Brahman, brahma-hatya : place of — , 
katl-gilh. To Murder, katl k., khun k. : 

— privately, khangal dalna. 
Murdered, katil : to be — , thaur rahna. 
Murderer, khiin-rez. khiini, katil, hatya- 

ra : — of a Brahman, brahma-hatyara. 

Murderess, hatyari, katila. 

Murderous, khun-fishan, ghatuk: — looks, 
chashm -i -khiin - alud. 

Muriatic acid, namak ka tez ab. 

Murky, tarik, andhera, ghan-ghor. 

Murmur, walwala, chhalchhalahat, (com- 
plaint) shikayat, (of a crowd) bhanak. 

To Murmur, kurkurana, barbarana, 929. 

Murmurer, shaki. Murrain, charpayon 
ki waba, wabal-i-haiwan. 

"Mvs giganteus or malabaricus, ghus, ghiisa. 

MusA paradisiaca, (fruit of) mauz: — sa- 
pientum, mocha, kela. 

MusALMAN, muslim, turk. 

Muscle, pattha, patth, nas, asab. 

Muscular, mota, zor-awar, (dakh.) ghat. 

Muse, fikr, andesha, soch, dhyan. 

To Muse, sochna, fikr k., dhyan lagana. 

Muser, mutafakkir, andeshnak. 

Museum, aja'ib-kbana. Mushroom, cha- 
tar-mar, 1092, 1594, (dakh.) kudrati. 

Music, ilm-i-miisiki, miisiki, mutribi, rag, 
rag-rang: art or science of — and dancing, 
sangit : lover of — , kanrasiya : soft — , 
khalwati rag. 

Musical, khush-ahang, sarodi, rag-dost : 

— glasses, jal-tarang : — instrument, ba- 
ja, saz : — instruments, bajan, bajan-ba- 
ja : sound of — instruments, gaja-baja : 

— mode, rag, ragini : — scale, giram, 
griim : — tone, tarb, sur. 

Musician, mutrib, khunyagar, musiki-diin, 
kalawant : celestial — , gandharb. 

Musicians that attend dances, samaji. 

Musk, mushk, misk, kastiiri : bag of — , 
niifa-i-mushk : — coloured, mushk-<am. 

Musket, bandiik, tupak, topak, larachhar, 
(Zarje) jaza'il, (carrying two balls) dogiir'i. 

Musketeer, bandiikchi, barkandiiz, 1713. 

MnsKMELON, kharbuza, jamali, bittikh. 

Musk-rat, chhuchhiindar, chakchhundi. 

Musky, mushk-bar, mushkin. 

MusauiTO, machchhar, (large) dans. 

Muslin, malmal, shabnam, siri-saf, tanzeb. 

M UST, (new wine) shira : — not, (daAA.)nako. 

Mustaches, miichh, mfichheii, burut. 

Mustard, sarson, (seed) ra'i, tofi, khardal. 

Muster, ginti, fauj kii ta''lika : — master, 



NAM 

ariz : — roll, ism-nawisi, mahzar-nama : 
to make — , saa k., mahalla dekhna. 

MusTiNESs, sarahat, bosidagi, (dakh.) bfinj. 

Musty, ubsa, sara, gumsa, bosida : to be- 
come — , ausna, ubasna, (dakh.) mugna. 

Mutability, be-karari, be-sabati. 

Mutable, be-karar, be-sabat, mutalawwin. 

Mute, gunga, be-zaban, mauni, chup, lal. 

To Mutilate, langra k., azy katna, 2033. 

Mutilated, (imperfect) nakis, batar. 

Mutilation, langra-sazi, azv-shikani. 

Mutineer, baghi, fasadi, danga'i, 1068. 

Mutinous, sarkash, be-zabt, sir-sing. 

MuTiNouSNESs, sar-kasbi, na-farmani. 

Mutiny, baghawat, ashob, futiir, inhiraf. 

To Mutiny, baghawat k., na-farmani k. 

Mutter, Muttering, barbara'i, 1724. 

To Mutter, barbarana, zer lab kahna. 

Mutterer, barbariya, kurkuriya. 

Mutton, bher ka gosht, (a sheej)) bher. 

Mutual, janibain, do-tarfi, 2189. 

Mutually, janibain, tarafain, do-taraf se. 

Muzzle, (mouth) muiih, muhrii, jabra, (for 
the mouth) jab, musakka, 733, 714. 

My, mera, mere, meri, mere, mini, mor. 

Myriad, toman, das-hazar. 

Myristica moschala, ja'e phal. 

Myrobalan, harri, har, halela, ai'iola : Ae- 
leric — , balela, bahera, (dakh.) baharla : 
chebulic — , (dakh.) hallfi: emblic — ,amla. 

Myrobalanus arula, (-BucA.) halela, halra. 

Myrrh, murr, bol, (dakh.) kala bol. 

Myrtle, as. M.ys.tvs pimetita, sital chini. 

Mysterious, Mystical, giirh, makhfi, po- 
shida : — allusion, ramz, mu'amma. 

Mystery, {enigma)Ti\z, ghaib, bhed, (trade) 
hikmat, karobar, kasab. 

Mystic science, ilm-i-tasawwuf. 

A Mystical signification, nukta. 



Nabob, namrab. Nadir, naziru-s-samt. 

Nag, yabu, tattii, ghora, charkha. 

Nail, (of the finger or toe) nakhun, nakh, 
null, (of metal) mekh, kil, gulmekh. 

To Nail, mekh thonkna. 

Instrument for paring the Nails, naharni. 

Naked, nang, nanga, barahna, mu'arra. 

Nakedness, barahnagi, uiyiini, be-libiisi. 

Name, niim, ism, nauw, nanon ; good' — , 
niko-nami : — of God, ism-i-jalali : in the 
— of God, ba-nam-i-khuda : proper — , 
idam : titular — o//)0(?<.'!, takhallu? : to 
fix a — on, nam dharna : to get a bad — , 
diigh lagna : to give a — to a child, nam 
dharwana ; to repeat the — of God, nam 
lena : without — or character, be-nawa. 



NAU 

To Name, nam dhama, {mmtiori) nam lena. 

Named, musammil, mausum, namzad: pe- 
culiarly — , mutakhallis. 

Nameless, vtanthuj Name, gum-nam. 

Namely, masalan, ya'ne, kUususan. 

Names, asma, asiimi : honorary — , alkab. 

Namesake, sami, mitii, ham-nam. 

Nap, {sleep) churt, thori nind, jhapkl, {of 
ctott)]diwab,ra'en,purza, (rfaiA.)guri(?). 

To Nap, take a Nap, jhapana, jhapki lena, 
unghna, sona, thora nind j'., bekhabar h. 

Nape of the neck, guddi, kafa, gardan. 

Naphtha, naft, nift, naft, rauglian-i-naft. 

Napkin, dastmal, rumal, sufra, angocbha. 

Nappy, (oscfcW)khwabdar,(/roMy)pur-kaf. 

Cloth having two Naps, do-kbwaba. 

Narcissus, nargis, nargis-i-shahla, ab'har. 

Narcotic, muskir, nind-awar, mukhaddir. 

To Narrate, nakl k., kahna. 

Narration, Narrative, nakl, abwal. 

Narrator, nakil, rawl, mubaddis, naldi. 

Narrow, tang, chust, sakra, {small) chho- 
ta, kam-arz, {covetous) tang-dil, kbasis. 

To Narrow, tang i., kam i., gbatana. 

Narrowly, takaiyud se, ghaur se, tangi se. 

Narrow-minded, tang-dil, thur-dila. 

Narrowness, tangi, sakra'i, tang-dasti. 

Nasal, gbunna, uaki: — sound, nakkl. 

Nastily, na-paki se, najasat se, fahishana. 

Nastiness, najasat, ala'ish, gbilazat, mail. 

Nasty, maila, palid, alSda, kasif, na-saf. 

Natal, janami, wiladati, madar-zadi. 

Nation, kaum, gurob, jatba, millat. 

National, kaiiml, barni, amm, watan-dost. 

Native, {adj.) asli, zati, jibillT, {sulist.) mu- 
tawattin, basbanda, desi cbiz : — land, 
place, watan, zadbiim, {dakh.) bbumyfd. 

Nativity, janam. tawaUud, wiliidat, 1992. 

Natron, sajji. Natty, nannba. 

Natural, {adj.) tabi'i, zati, {unaffected) 
be-sakbta, {illegitimate) barami, baram, 
haram-zada: — heat, bariirat-i-gbarizi : 
— philosophy, ilm-i-tabi'i : — virtue or 
power, kiiwat-i-zatiya : a — , {subst.) ah- 
mak, kiirb, miirh, janam-ba'ola. 

To Naturalize, apnana, sbarik k., {make 
easy) sahl k. 

Naturally, bi-t-tab'!yat, bi-1-asaIat. 

Naturalness, be-sakbtagi. barjastagi. 

Nature, tab'lyat, tab*, jaubar, sarisbt, tl- 
nat, zat, {constitution) mizaj, {regular 
course) adat, sirat, manisb, {sort) kism, 
waz", jins, {visible creation) alam, dunya, 
maujQdat : in ■ — , bi-z-zat. 

Naval, babri, jabazi. 

Nauclea kadamba, nip, kadamb. 

Nave, {of a wheel or of a church) nabh. 

Navel, naf, nabbi, tondi : — string, &fc., 
of an infant, nal, anwal-niil. 

Naughtiness, badi, bura'i, sbai'arat. 



NEE 

Naughty, bad, kharab, sbarir. 

Navigation, mallabi, nakhuda'i. 

Navigator, kisbti-ban, mallab, muTdlim. 

Naulage, naul. Nausea, matla'i, ubka'i, 
{dakh.) malkat : to feel — , ji bura k. 

To Nauseate, haliyana, matlana (ji ka), 
{dakh.) kaebwana, kantbalna. 

Nauseous, gbinauna, makriib, karlh. 

Nautical, jabazi, khalasiyoii ka. 

Navy, jahilz, babr. 

Nay, nabin, na, ahan, ahan, {but) balki. 

Nazarenb, nasara. 

Near, {nigh) pas, nazdik, karib, muttasil, 
lag-bbag, nikat, {of kin) makrun, rishta- 
-dar, yagana, {direct) sidha, rast, {cove- 
tous) tang-dil, juz-ras. 

Nearly, takriban, an-karib, kam-besh. 

Nearness, takarrub, kurb, nazdiki, {par- 
simony) tang-cbasbmi, juz-rasi. 

Neat, sutbra, kbusb-numa, {pure) cbokbii. 

Neatness, suthra'i, khiibi, pakizagi, safa'i. 

Necessaries, zariiriyat, lawazima, asbab. 

Necessarily-, zariiratan,mukarrar,la-budd. 

Necessary', {adj.) zariir, lazim, wajib, la- 
-budd, kati", cbabiye, («Mis<.) ja'e-zariir, 
cbbar-cbbobi, sandas, sed-khilna : going 
to the — , kaza-i-hajat : to go to the — , 
hajat raf k. : whatever is ' — , lawazima, 
wajibat, ma yuhtaj. To Necessitate, 
majbiir k., liizim A., zariir k. 

Necessitous, bajat-mand,mubtaj,tibi-dast. 

Necessitousness, Necessity, niyaz-man- 
di, bajat, bajatmandi, darmandagi, {com- 
pulsion) jabr, zariirat, wujiib, luziim, {fa- 
tality) kaza, takdir : in — , muztarr : of or 
by — , zariiratan. 

Neck, gardan, gala, gula, nar : — of land, 
{dakh.) pbanta : blow on the — , gardanl: 
to drive a man by the — , gardani d. : {a 
horse) to draw back his — , ghimgbat k. : 
to throw one's arms round another's — , 
gal-babiyan dalna : throwing the arms on 
the — of another, galbab, galbahi, 1921. 

Neckcloth, gulii-band, 1021. Neck- 
lace, mala, bar, kantbi, kantb-mala : — 
of flowers, gajra-bar: — of four strings, 
cbau-lara, cbau-lari : — of seven strings, 
sat-lari : — of two rows or strings, du- 
-lara : gold — , gop, {dakh.) nimboli. 

Necromancer, saliir, jadiigar, tone-baz. 

Necromancy, jadu, sabiri, tona, simiyii. 

Nectar, amirt,ab-i-kausar,sbaraban tabiira. 

Nectareous, amirt ka sa mitbii, imrati. 
Need, Neediness, ihtiyaj, zariirat, gliaraz. 
To Need, cbabna, darkar h., mubtaj h. 
Needful, zarur, liizim, wajib, la-budd. 
Needle, su'i, sozan, siija, {of the compass) 
kanta, sii'i, {for tinging the eyelids, Sfc.) 
sala'i : packing — , sii'a. 
Needlework, sii'i ka kam, cbikankari. 



NEW 



2339 



Needless, be-zarur, be-fu'ida, Ia-ba.«il. 
Needy, daridrl, kangal, muflis, mubtaj. 
Nefarious, nibayat sharir, badtar, la'nati. 

Negation, inkar, nafi, radd : general — , 

salb-i-kulli : special — , salb-i-juz-i. 

Negative, manfi : — quantity in algebra, 

pn : — sentence in logic, saliba, salb. 

Neglect, gbaflat, chiik, tasabul, tabklr. 

To Neglect, gbaflat*., bhiil^'., be-iltiffitl k. 

Neglectful, Negligent, ghafil, bekhabar. 

Negligence, gbaflat, tasabul, kahili, sustl. 

Negligently, gbaflat se, sujti se. 

To Negotiate, mu'amala *., kar-o-bar k. 

Negotiation, raa'amala,kar.o-bar,kam-lcaj 

Negotiator, darmiyani, abd-o-paiman-gar. 

Negro, habsbi, zangi, siyab, sidi. 

Neigh, binbiniibat : to — , hinbinana, 2208. 

Neighbour, ham-saya, parosi, bam-jawar. 

Neighbourhood, pares, jawiir, aros-paros. 

Neighbouring, karib, nazdik, bam-saya. 

Neither, na, na ek na do, na wuh na yib. 

Nelumbium speciosum, padam, kamal. 

NENUPHAR,nilofar.NEPENTHE,dukb-baran. 

Nepeta malabarica, {dakh.) mog-bira. 

Nephew, {brother's son) bhatija, biradar- 
-zada, {sister's son)hhania., khwiihar-zada. 

Nerium antidysentericum, indarjau: — co- 
ronarium, ((?aM.)dud-mogra: — odorum, 
karavir, {dakh.) ujla kaner (49), {red) 
lal-kaner : — oleander, khar-zabra. 

Nerve, asab, pai, pattba, rag, {strength) 
kiiwat, zor: to strain every — ,jan-fisbanii. 

Nerveless, dur-bal, za'if, kam-zor. 

Nervous, {languid) dhila, sust, kiihil, {ro- 
bust) cbak-obauband, kungra. 

Nest, gboiisla, asbiyana, kbondba, adda. 

To Nestle, nazdik rabnii, gboiisla k. 

Nestling, geda, leda (?), asbiyaai. 

Net, jal, diim, pbanda, {fowler's) phatki. 

Nether, Nethermost, asfal, tarla, zerin. 

Netted, musbabbak, jal-dar. 

Nettle, anjira, bicbbata, gazna. 

To Nettle, {vex) cbherna, kbijana, satana. 

Network, jali, kafas : — of strings, 939. 

Never, kabhi nahiii, kabbii nabin, hargiz 
nabin, zinbar, aslan : — mind, jane do. 

Nevertheless, tis-par bhi, tis-par. 

Neuter, mukbannas. na idbar na udbar, {in 
gram.) napunsak, {as a verb) lazimi. 

Neutral, nyara, alag, musawi. 

Neutrality, tasawi, bain-bain ki halat. 

New, naya, taza, nau, jadid, tar-o-taza, 
{modem) muta'akbkhir, {different) aur, 
diisra, {strange) ajib, ajnabi, {in compos.) 
nau, tiiza : — comer, taza-warid : — cus- 
tom, nau-ba'i : — life, bayat-i-taza : — 
rising, nau-kbezi : — servant, nau-mu- 
lazim : — work or building, taza-kari : 
^ year's day, nau-roz. 

Newly, nau, tbore dinou se, bi-l-fi"l : — 



2340 



NIM 



grown, nau-rusta : — peopled, nau-abSd. 
Newness, tazagi, tar-o-tazagi, naya'i. 
News, aMibar. kliabar. samachar, waki'lt : 

— paper, akhbar : bad — , bad-khabar : 
good — , muzhda, khiish-kbabari. naved : 

— monger, shahr-khabra : — writer, 
akhbar-nawis. 

Next, pas, karibtar, mila hu'a, dusra, sani: 

— in turn, dusra : — time, dusre wakt. 
Nib, nok, aui, thor: — of a pen, sian. 

To Nibble, tfmgna, khutakna, lupar lupar 

khana, {carp at) aib-girl k. 
Nibbling, (OT<i«^)kutkut, (o//r«!7)tungar. 
Nice, {exact) thik, sahlh, {accurate) barik- 
-bln, daklk-sanj, {squeamish) nazuk, nak- 
-charha, mlrza-mizaj, {minute) ra^Xk, mi- 
hln, {in eating) khush-^war. 
NiCEXESs, bariki, nazakat, nukta-dani. 
Niceties, taha'if, nafa'is, tuhfajat. 
NicETT, niizukl, barikbini, {tidbit) ni'mat. 
Niche, tak, takcha, {in a sepulchre) lahad. 
Nick, khandana, dhari (?) : — of time, tak- 

-bak, ain-wakt : {devil) bhut. 
7'oNiCK,khandane*., (A!7)ain wakt men ana. 
Nickname, lakab, bad lakab, lirfl nam. 
7'oNiCKXAME,nam dharna,biiranam rakhna. 
Niece, {brother's daughter) bhatiji, {sis- 
ter's) bhanji. Nigella indica, {seeds of 
the) kala zira, 1944, 1602. 
NiGGARD.bakhil.kanjus.khasis.makkhi-chus 
Niggardliness, bakhlll, tang-dili, shuml. 
Niggardly, tangdili se, see Niggard. 
Nigh, nazdik, pas, {bi/ blood) nisbatdar. 
Night, rat, shab, rain, nis, nisa, lail : — 
and dag, shaban-roz, shab-o-roz : bg — , 
shabana : dari — , shab-i-tarik, daijur : 
during the — , shab-a-shab : good — , {sa- 
lutation) shab-ba-khair : last — , dosh, 
kal ki rat, dl-shab : a long — , shab-i-da- 
raz : longest — , yalda : moonlight — , 
ehandni-rat : — of conjunction of sun and 
moon, daijur : one who stags all — , 
shab-bash : the rising at — , {to pray) 
shab-kbezi : robbery at — , shab-khiini : 
in the — time, sbab-a-shab : — time or 
place, shab-gah : to—, aj kl rat, imshab : 
aivakeall — , shab-bedar: — robber, shab- 
-kbiin : — attack, shab-l^iin, ratwahl. 
Night-blind, sbab-kor: — WinrfneOT, 1385. 
Night-clothes, shab-khwabi. 
Night-piece, rat ki taswTr, shablh-i-shabTna 
Night-walker, shab-gard, ratiha (?). 
Nightingale, bulbul, hazar-dastan, 1462. 
Nightly, har-shabina, shablna, rat-ka: — 
lodging, shab-bashi .- — march, shab-gir. 
Nightmare, kabus, {dakh.) chh.iti-rokni. 
NiGHTSHADE,inabu.9sa'lab:/)ricA/y — ,1616 
Nimble, chalak, jald, tez, phortlla : — fin- 
gered, dast-chaliik : — footed, tez-pii. 
N1MBLENES8, chalaki, chusti, lapka, jaldl. 



NON 

Nimrod, nimriid. Nine, nau, nuL, tis', 

{dakh.) nii,niin: composed of — , mutassa'. 

Nineteen, unls. Nineteenth, unlswan. 

Ninety, nawwe, nawad: — one, ikanawwe, 

{dakh) yake'anau: — two, banawe, ba- 

nawTve, biranawe, {dakh.) be'anau : — 

three, tiranawe, {dakh.) tire'anau : — 

four, chauranawe, {dakh.) chaure'anau : 

— five, pachanawe, {dakh.) pache'iinau : 

— six, chhanwe, cbbiyanawe, {dakh.) 

chbe'anau : — seven, satanawe, {dakh.) 

sate'anau : — eight, athanawe, {dakh.) 

athe'anau : — nine, ninanawe, {dakh.) 

nau'anawe, un-sau. Ninth, nawwan ; — 

of the lunar fortnight, naumln. 

A Nip, chhutki, noch, {taunt) ta'na. 

To Nip, cbbutki lena, nochna, {as frost) 

lagna,fi/(W<)mania, (n(i«c«/e)maskharaua. 

Nippers, zambur, muchna, {dakh.) cbumta. 

Nipple, bhitnl, sar-i-pistan, chiinchi, gepa. 

Nit, llkh, dhakh (?). 

NiTR.\TE of silver, {dakh.) kari kbar. 

Nitre, sbora, abkir. Nitrous acid, tez-ab. 

No, na, nahin, nabin, naliin, na, la, ahan. 

Noah, nuh. Nobility, kbassagi, sharafat, 

najabat, {nobles) umara, shurafa. 
Noble, sbarif, najib, asH, asbraf, all-shan, 
amir-zada, umda : — minded, buzurg- 
-manisb : — on both sides, najibu-t-tara- 
fain : — and plebeian, kbass-o-amm. 
Nobleman, amir, ashraf, mansabdar, rukn. 
Nobleness, buzurgi, karamat, najabat. 
Nobles, arkan-i-daulat, asbraf, a*yan, uma- 
ra : — and plebeians, kbawass-o-awamm. 
Nobly, sharifana, najibana : — bom, 181. 
Nobody, ko'i nahiii, (a nobody) na-chiz. 
Nocturnal, sbabina, shabana : — invasion, 
shab-gir: — perambulation, shab-gasht; 
— pollution, ilitilam. 
Nod, Nodding, jhukawat, {hint) ramz, 

ima, {from drowsiness) lingh, unghas. 
Noddle, sar, khopri, mund. 
Node, ukda, girih, ganth, amas : the as- 
cending — , rahu : the descending — , zanab. 
Noise, {sound) awaz, bang, sada, saut, {cla- 
mour) sbor, ghul, ghaugha, ghul-gliapara : 
to make a — , sbor macbana, ghul machana. 
Noised abroad, alam-nashar. 
Noisiness, pukara, dhiim-dham, pur-shori. 
Noisome, ghinauna, muzirr, mustakrah. 
NoisoMENESS, na-guwari, istikrah. 
Noisy, ghaugha'i, pur-shor, shori, kallakilr. 
Nolens volens, char-o-nachar, 999. 
Nomenclature, nam-mrda,lugbat,farhang. 
Nominal, nami, munh-bola, farzi, khayali. 
To Nominate, nam batl.ina, nam-zad k. 
Nomination, tasmiya, niimzadi, takarrur. 
Nominative, ^'il, karta, halat-i-fi'iliyat. 
Non, {prefix to words) na, la, be. 
Nonage, na-balighi, k]ii.ird-sali,kam-sinm. I 



NOT 

Non-appearance,Non-attendance,1479 

Non-compliance, na-riza-mandi. 

Non-conformity, inhiraf. 

None, ko'i nahiu, kuchh nabiu, na-ek. 

Nonentity, Nonexistence, Idam, nesti. 

Nonexistent, ma'dum, a-bhiit. 

Non- performance, be-ada'i, gbair-ijra'i. 

Nonplus, hairani, tashwisb, la-chari. 

To Nonplus, la-jawab k., mat A., hairani. 

Non-resident, ghair-sakin. 

Non-resistance, adam-i-muzahamat. 

Nonsense, be-ma"ni-baten, behiida-go'i, 
puchiyat : listening to — , harza-gosh : 
talker of — , behuda-go : talking — , be- 
huda-go'i, yawa-go'i: to talk — , yawa 
bakna, jhak mama. 

Nonsensical, harza, puch, piich-pa-dar- 
-hawa : — talk, hazUyat, {dakh.) jakjak. 

Nonsuch, Nonpareil, la-sani, 2127. 

Nook, kona, gosha, {dakh.) giindi. 

Noon, Noonday, Noontide, do-pahar, do- 
-pahar-din, nisfii-n-nabar, din-do-pahar. 

Noose, phansi, phaus, 573, 1133, 994, pas, 
phanda, kamand, pa'e-dam, nag-phans. 

To Noose, phausna, phandna, ganth d. 

To be Noosed, phasna, phansna. Nor, na. 

North, uttar, shimal: facing the — , shi- 
mal-ru : — east, isan : — west, bayab. 

Northerly, Northern, shimali, uttara. 

NoRTHiNG,uttar-ayan. North WARDS, 1053. 

Northwind, uttara, shimal, bad-i-shimal. 

Nose, nak, nasika, bini, nakii'a, khaishiim : 
blowing the — , smak : disease, inflamma- 
tion in the — , nakra, nakra, pinas, na- 
kii'a : sound through the — , ghunna : 
string in a bullock's — , nath : the wooden 
or iron instrument fixed in the — of a 
camel, nakel, mahiir, muhfir, niith: to 
bleed at the — , naksir phutua : to blow 
the — , sinakna : to bore a bullock's — , 
nathna : to turn up one's — , niik sakorna : 
veins of the — , naksir : — dipt, nakta. 

Nosegay, gul-dasta, turra, {dakh.) 591. 
Noseless, nakta. Nostril, minkhar. nath- 
na, {dakh.) nak-puri. 
Nostrils, minkharain. Nostrum, latka. 
Not, na, nahin, {in compos.) ghair, na, 
{with an imperative verb) mat, nako : — 
at all, — in the least, asla, aslan, mutlaka, 
mutlakan : be it — , mabad, mabada. 
Notable, mash'hiir, {active) chalak, mih- 

nati. Notary, dabir, sakkak (?). 
NoTATioN,nishiin-nawisi,(o/Met)OK'e/s)i33. 
Notch, khandiina: — of an arrow, fak. 
7'oNoTCH,khandana rakhnri,khandiin.'i katna 
Notched, khandiina-dar, dandfma-dar: to 

be — , {the edge of a tool) diinti parua. 

Note, (mar*)nishan,alamat, chinh, {epistle) 

chitthi, ruk'a, (in music) nawii, iihang, 

{symbol) naksh, ank, {comment) sharb. 



NUM 

hashiya, tika, {for money) tip, dast-awez, 
tamassuk, (repM<a<iore)nam,bharam,shuh- 
rat : of — , rauta'addid bihi. 
To Note, {observe) mulalmza *., ghaur *., 

{point out) samjhana, {set down) darj k. 
Noted, mash'hur, ma'ruf, narai, namdar. 
Nothing, kuchh nahln, hech, adam, {trifle) 
na-chiz, la-shai : for — , muft, sent, 
{dakh.) phukat : good for — , hech-kara. 
Notice, khabar, ittila", {remark) gliaur, 
soch, Utifat, {citation) i'lam : to take — 
of, khabar lena. To Notice, lihaz k. 
Notification, i*lam, ittila . 
To Notify, iz'har k., khabar d., I'lam k. 
Notion, ra'e, pindar, daryaft, khayal. 
Notional, khayali, wahmT, zaanl. 
Notoriety, shuhrat, angusht-numa'i. 
NoTORioos, mash'hiir, {infamous) angusht- 
-numil. Notwithstanding, ba-wuju- 
de, har-chand, ta-ham. 
Novel, {adj.) badi", naya : a — , afsana. 
Novelist, kissa-nawis, afsana-nawis. 
Novelty, hadisa, tajaddud, nau-tarzl. 
November-December, aghan. 
Nought, kuchh nahiin, hech, nest : to set 

at — , na-chiz jannjl. 
Novice, mubtadi, nau-sikh, anarl, kham. 
Noviciate, nau-muliiziml, nau-amozi. 
Noun, ism, nam : — adjective, ism-i-sifat, 
na't : — appellative or generic, ism-i- 
-jins : concrete — , ism-i-sifat, ism-i-ja- 
mid : diminutive — , tasghir : the governed 
— , muzaf ilaihl : — in construction, rau- 
zaf: — of action, masdai- : ^primitive, 
ism-i-jamid : — proper, alam ; — sub- 
stantive in the nominative case, mubtada- 
-o-khabar : — substantive qualified by an 
adjective, mausiif. 
To Nourish, pabia, parwarisb k., posna. 
NouRisHED,parwarda,pusht : to be — ,palna. 
NouRiSHEB, mukit, {applied to God) par- 

wardigar, {in compos.) parwar. 
NouRiSHiNG,(sMis<.)palan,(mco»Kp.)P''"'"'*'" 
Nourishment, parwarish, adhar, taghziya. 
Now, ab, bi-l-fi"l, hal, alhal, is-wakt, ak- 
nun : — a days, aj-kal, in dinon : — and 
then, kabhi-kabhi, jab-na-tab, gah-gah, 
gahe-gahe : — that, hal-anki. 
Nowhere, kahiu-nahln. 
Nowise, kisT tarali se nahlii. 
Noxious, fasid, mufsld, muzT, ziyankar. 
Noxiousness, mufsidi, ziyankari, ifsad. 
Nucleus, asl, maghz. 
Nudity, barahnagi, nanga'i. 
Nugatory, nikamma, la-liasil, hech-pSch. 
Nuisance, ziyankar chlz, muzirr, 916. 
Null, raddi, batil, mansukh, la-hasil. 
Nullity, nest, na-chizi, be-s&dl. 
Numb, Numbed, thithara, sun, be-hiss. 
To Numb, thithirana, sun k., be-hiss *. 



NYM 

To be Numbed, thithima, paiiw sona. 
Numbedness, thithir, thithrahat. 
N»MBER, adad, ank, sankhya, {reckoning) 
ti'dad, ginti, shumar, hisab, {many) ba- 
hut, bahutat, kasrat, {poetry, verse) nazm, 
shi'r, {in gram.) sigha, bachan : cardi- 
nal — , adad zati : ordinal — , adad wa§fi. 
To Number, ginna, hisab k., shumar *., 
{mark with a number) adad lagana, ank d. 
Numbered, ma'dfid, shumurda, gina hQ'a. 
Numberer, shumaranda, muhasib, 1724. 
Numberless, be-shumar, an-ginat. 
Numbness, thithrahat, {of the feet) 472. 
Numeral, fidadl, shumarl, {sign) rakam. 
Numeration, hisab, gmtl, ti'dad, shumar. 
Numerous, bahut, kasir, wafir, ba-ifrat. 
Numerousness, kasrat, bahutat, wufir. 
Numskull, ahmak, gawdi, murakh. 
Nun, abdhiitnl, zan-i-gosha-nishin. 
Nunation, tanwin. 

Nuptial, nikahl, shahana, arusi: — gifts, 
tika, jautuk : to accept the — gifts, tika 
lena : to send the — gifts, tika bhejna. 
Nuptials, byah, shadi, nikah. 
Nurse, da'i, dada, anni, dha'e, asil, {of a 
sick person) bimar-dar: dry — , da'I-khi- 
la'i : male — , anna, daya : wet — , da'i- 
-pila'i, dudh-pila'i. 
To Nurse, parwarish k., posna, palna, 
{bring up a child) dudh piliina, da'i-ga- 
ri k., {attend the sick) bimar-darl k. 
To put out to Nurse, da'I ko sompna. 
Nursery, da'I-khana, {dakh.) chharwadan 
ka ghar, {plantation, q. v.) bihnaur, biyar. 
Nursing, diidh pilana, {of the sick) 454. 
Nursling, shirkhwara bachcha, {of an 

animal) fo-^. 
Nurture, parwarish, khurak. ghiza. 
Nut, jauz, char-maghz, chilghoza, chironji, 
{dakh.) guthli : — used for marking 
clothes, Sfc, bhilawan : astringent — , 
harra, bar, halla, halra : purgative — , 
jamalgota : vomic — , kuchhi. 
Nut-brown, sanwla, finduki. 
Nut-cracker, {/or betel-nut) sarotil. 
Nutmeg, ja'e-phal, jati-phal, jauz, 752. 
Nutriment, parwarish, ghizii, khurak. 
Nutrition, ghiza, khurak, parwarish, ahar. 

NUTRIMENTAL, NUTRITIOUS, NuTRITXVE, 

mukawwi, pusht, parwarinda. 

NuT-SHfeLL, finduk ka chhilka. 

Nux j)Omico, kuchla. Nyctalopia, 1162. 

Ni'CTANTHES arhor-tristis, singar-har, har- 
singar: tube of the corolla of — , dandl. 

Black-eyed Nymph, hur, him, apchhara. 

Nymph-ea or lotus, abja : — ccerulea, utpal : 
— esculenta, kumud : — lotus, ko'i, sa- 
rang, nllofar : — nelumbo, ambuj, kamal, 
kanwal : — odorata, wilayati kanwal. 

8 F 



O ! ai, ya, re, ri, are, ari, he, be, {dakh.) age. 
Oaf, ut, uUu, ulagh, murakh. 
Oak, balut, balluf. OAKAPPLE,mazu, 1817. 
Oakum, gahni, purani rassl ka san. 

Oar, dand, danr, chappu. 

Oath, sonh, saugand, kasam, sapat, half, 
kriya : bound together by — , ham-kasam : 
on — , ba-kasmiya : to take an — , kasam 
khana : to cause to take an — , kasam khila- 
na. Obduracy, sakhtl. dhitha'T, magra'I. 

Obdurate, sakht, magra, dhith, sang-dil. 

Obedience, ita'at, ta'at, tabi darl, 201. 

Obedient, tabi'dar, farman-bardar, ram. 

Obeisance, salam, tasllm, mujra, komish, 
dandwat : to make — , mujra k., 476, 659. 

Obelisk, minar, lat, lath, kandasa. 

To Obey, manna, farman-bardari k., sunna. 

Object, {purpose) maksad, gharaz, man- 
ziir, murad, mudda'a, {thing, matter) 
maujiid, chiz, {in gram.) maf 'ul : — (// 
sense, bikhai. To Object, i'tiraz k., 
uzr k., pakarna, rokna. 

Objection, i'tiraz, pakar, girift, 574. 

Objective case, maf'i'l, maf'uli. 

Objector, dokhak, mu'tariz, hujjati. 

Oblation, nazr, kurban, uaibed, sadka. 

Obligation, farz, wujiib, farziyat, {com- 
pact) shart, ahd, {favour) ihsan, minnat, 
nihora : under — , minnat-kash : written 
— , muchalka, tamassuk, ikrar-nama. 

Obligatory, wajib, zarur, kabiz. 

To Oblige, {bind, compel) band k., wa- 
basta k., majbiir k., {gratify) mamnunA*., 
marhun-i-minnat k. 

Obliged, mamnun,ihsan-mand,minnat-dar. 

Obliging, amimu-l-ihsan,sahib-i-muruwat. 

Obligingness, talattuf, tawajjuh, khulk. 

Oblique, tirchh.a, ara, terha, kham. binga. 

Obliquely, tirchha'i se : to strike — , 647. 

Obliqueness, OBLiQuiTY,tirchha'I,terha'i 

To Obliterate, mitana, hakk k., mahv *. 

Obliterated, mahv, mundaris, mansukh : 
to be — , mitna, ghisna, malna, marna. 

Obliteration, mahv, mita'o, hakk. 

Oblivion, nisyan, faramoshi, bisrawat. 

Oblivious, bhula'u, bisra'ii, faramosh-kJr. 

Oblong, kitabi, arz se lamba. 

Obloquy, kalank, ilzam, malamat, dokh. 

Obnoxious, kabil, jog, mutahammil. 

Obscene, fahish, puch, na-pak, phuhar. 

Obscenely, fahishana, mughallazana. 

Obsceneness, Obscenity, fiihsh, fisk. 

OBSCURATiON,kasafat,tarik-sazi,andhera';. 

Obscure, tira, tarik, andhera, {little known) 
gum-nam, {abstruse) mughlak. 

Tb Obscure, tarlkA-., andhera*., mughlak X-. 

Obscureness, Obscurity, tariki, {pri- 
vacy) pinhani, 993, {abstrusity) igUak. 



2342 



OCI 



OBSEftuiES, taj'hIz-0-takfin, kriya-karam. 

OBSEttUious, muti', khaya-bardar, adhin. 

OssEaniouSNESS, adhinata, tiibi'dari, J31. 

Observable, yad rakhne ke kabil, zahir. 

Observance, mulahaza, ri'ayat, amal. 

Observant, multafit, mutawajjih, sargarm. 

Observation, Uhaz, mulahaza, {remark) 
guftar, kaul, (vietcing) nigah, murakaba. 

Observatory, rasad, marsad, akas-lochan. 

To Observe, {behold) nigah i., niharna, 
dekhna, {note) lihaz *., {keep) rakhna, 
manna, sunna, {remark) kahna, farmana : 
— one's {word) wafa k. 

Observer, dekhwaiya, rakib, nazir, {of the 
stars) sitara-bin, (in compos.) parwar. 

Observing, {adj.) murakib : — one's pro- 
mise, wa'da-wafa. 

Obsolete, matruk, mansukb, muhmal. 

Obstacle, ha'il, mani', ar, muzaliamat. 

Obstinacy, mackla'i, hath, sarkashi, 689. 

Obstinate, magra, gardan-kash, machla, 
hathi, hathlla, mutamarrid, {as a disease) 
muzmin : to be — , panw phailana, pagrl 
atakna, rag charhna. 

Obstinately, magra'i se, israr se. 

To ieOBSTiyxTEi.Ypersevering,plcb.h& lena. 

Obstreperous, ghaugha'i, shori. 

To Obstruct, rokna, band k., muzahim h. 

Obstructer, Obstructive, ha'il, mani*. 

Obstruction, sadd, atak, rok, ar, ta'arruz. 

To Obtain, basU k., pana, bhugatna, {pre- 
vail) jari h., rawaj pakarna. 

Obtainable, muyassar, milne-jog, yaftani. 

To be Obtained, bas ana, hasil h., 2158. 

To Obtrude, dakhil k. , ghusana, a-parna. 

Obtuse, kund, bhontha, {angle) munfarija. 

Obtuseness, kundi. To Obviate, talna. 

Obvious, zahir, saf, ashkara, sarih, khula. 

Obviously, zahiran, sarihaii, saf-saf. 

Obviousness, zuhQr, sarahat, tauzlh. 

Occasion, {cause) ba'is, wasta, {need) za- 
nitat,{incident)via'ki'h,{opporlunit>/)fuTfat 

To Occasion, paida *., lana, bar-pa k. 

Occasional, ittifaki, arizl, gah-gahi. 

Occasionally, kabhi-kabhi, ittifakan. 

Occidental, maghribi, pachchhami. 

Occiput, kafTi. Occult, poshlda, giipt. 

Occupation, kam, dhandha, kasb, pesha. 

Occupied, raashghul : to be — , laga rahnil. 

To Occupy, amal k., taaarruf A., {take up) 
bharna, byapna, {employ) lagana, isti'mal i. 

To Occur, bona, milna, waki" A., sarzad h. 

Occurrence, waki'a.liadistt, sanil;a,ittifak. 

Occurrences, hawadisat, sawanilj, 2119. 

Ocean, samundar, bahr-i-muhit, sagar. 

OcHUE, gerQ: yellow — , {dakh.) 1947. 

OciMUM, dewna-marwa : — album, ujlihil- 
sT : — basilicum, {dakh.) sabza, 1537 : — 
pilomxm, nazbo, marii'a, {seed of) babai, 
tukhm-i-ri)MD: — sanctum, brinda, tulsl. 



OFF 

Octagon, Octangular, musamman, 2 18a. 

Octave, giram. Octennial, hasht-sila. 

October-November, katik. 

Ocular, ankh se dekha hii'a : — demon- 
stration, mushahada. 

Oculist, kahhal, sathiya. 

Odd, phut, tak, fard, {strange) ajib, anu- 
tha, anokha : game of— or even, tak-juft. 

Oddly, ajib tarah. Oddness, nudrat. 

Odds, fark, tafawut, {advantage) ghalaba, 
faukiyat, {excess) ziyadati, {strife) phut. 

Ode, ghazal, rekhta, kasida. 

Odious, makruh, karih, gliinauna, zisht. 

Odium, adawat, kina, karahiyat, ghin, dokh. 

Odoriferous, khushbii-dar, mu'attar. 

Odobiferousness, khush-bo'i, mu'attari. 

Odour, bii, bo, gandh, mahak, has, nak'hat. 

Of, ka, ke, kl, se, kau, an, az. 

Off, se, par se, dur -. — hand, fil-1-badiha : 
to be — , to come, to get, chalaj., nikal j.; 
to get — , {escape) bach nikalna, {disap- 
pear) jata rahna : well — , khush. achchhl 
tarah : {avaunt)im ho.dut.chakhe.gum ho. 

Offal, Offals, fuzla, akhor, ojhri (?). 

Offence, guuah, jurm, taksir, khata, {in- 
jury) nuksan, batta, {anger) ranjish, rii- 
tha'i, bezarl : to take — , bura manna. 

Offenceless, be-gunah, be-kusur, bhola. 

To Offend, bezar A., kurhana, ranj d., {in- 
jure) zarar pahunchana, nuksan k,, {at- 
tack) dast-darazi k., {do wrong) gunah k. 

Offended, ranjida, bezar, azurda, jizbiz, 
barham, dikk : to go away — , chhinakna. 

Offender, ghataha, gunShgar, muzirr, asi. 

Offensive, na-pasand, zabun, miizi. 

Offensiveness, zabiim, bura'i, badl. 

Offer, {proposal) bat, kahii, arz, {price) 
kimat, mol, {attempt) kasd. 

To Offer, {present) samne rakhna, dena, 
dene lagna, nazr *., {attempt) kasd k., 
{propose) kahna, arz k., {a2)pear) nazar 
ana, sujhna, {sacrifice) kurban k., charh- 
ana, warna : — a libation of water, S(c., 
p5ni d. (474). 

To be Offered up, {an oblation) charhna. 

Offering, {sacrifice) kurbani, bal, nazr, 
niyaz, charhawa, {present) huzirl, hadJya. 

Office, {duty) khidmat, uhda, kara, umal, 
{room for business) daftar-khana ; in — , 
ba-hal. Officer, uhda-dar, ahl-i-khid- 
mat, mansab-dar, {commander) sardiir, 
jama'at-dar : — whose business is to en- 
courage soldiers, karkhait. Offices, 
makanat-i-zariiriya : see Necessary. 

Official, ulida-dar shakh?, hakimana. 

Officious, halbaliya, fuzul, mihrbiin. 

OFFiciousLY.fuzul-khldmatise.mihrbanise. 

Officiousness, fuzul-khidmati. halbal (?). 

Offset, kalgha, paudha. 

Offspring, farzand, walad, {plur.) aulad. 



ONC 

nasi, bans, nati-pote: without — ,mr-bans. 

Often, Oft, barha, aksar aukiit, aksar, 
biir-bar : how — ? kai-ber, ta chand bar : 
so — , tai-ber, ite bar : as — as, jitne-ber. 

Og, ki/ig of Dashan, uju-bnu-uk or -unuk. 

Ogle, tirchhl nazar, kankhiya: to — , kan- 
khiyii dekhna, jhanwli lena, matakna. 

Ogler, did-baz, nazara-baz, ghamza-baz. 

Ogling, {subst.) dld-bazi, ashwa, jhanwli. 

Oh ! ah, uh, ai-wa'e, ya, {dakh.) uho. 

Oil, tel, raughan, duhn, chikna, sneh, neh : 
siaeet — , mitha tel : — become viscous by 
age, chimchima : bitter — , karwa tel : — 
cake, khari, pina, khal, khall : lamp — , 
nafat : a leathern vessel for holding — , 
dabba, dabba : — of mustard, raughan-i- 
-talkh, karwa tel: — pot, te\-Hm: scented 
— , khalel, phulel, phiilel. 

Oih-maker, -man, -merchant, tell, chikth.i, 
raughan-farosh, kolii, assar : — man's 
wife, tehn : — mill or press, ghani. 

To Oil, tel malna, tel lagana, chiknana. 

Oily, tilha, charb, chikna, raughan-i. 

Ointment, lep, marham, mom-raughan. 

Old, burha, puranii, kuhna, kadim, sal- 
-khurda : — age, burhapa, burhapan, piri, 
kuhna-sali, {dakh.) buda : — clothes, bar- 
tana, gargudar : — dry grass or strata, 
phus : — man, biirha, pir, shaikh : — 
woman, buyhiya, pir-zan, pTr-zal, burhi, 
{dakh.) budi, budi : of — , kadim se : to 
become or wax — , khasna, khiimna. 

Oldenlandia biflora, shah-tara, pit-pap- 
ra : — umbellata, {dakh.) chirwel. 

Oldfashioned, kadimu-l-waz', kadlmana. 

Oldness, kuhnagi, kadamat, burhapa. 

Olibanum, kundar-klit, lubiin, 1721, 1618. 

Olive, zaitiin, jalpa'i. Omelet, khaglna. 

Omen, ltd, sugan, shugfin : bad or ill — , a- 
-sugan, bad-shuguni, bad-yumni, bad fSl : 
good — , akhtar: taking an — , tafawwul. 

Omentum, pet ka paida, jhilll. 

Ominous, pesbnuma fil-i-nek ya bad, man- 
hus. Ominousness, nuhusat. 

Omission, bhiil, chuk, sahv, tark, kujur. 

To Omit, chhorna, bhul^., tark *., chuk J. 

Omnipotence, kudiat, kadiri, Ifudrat-i- 
-kuUI : of—, kudratl. 

Omnipotent, kadir-i-mutlak, kirdigar. 

OMNiPRESENT,ba?.ir-o-niizir,sabkahTn-hiizir 

Omniscience, hama-dani, ilm-i-kuU. 

Omniscient, Slimu-1-ghaib, hama-dSn. 

Omnivorous, sab-khawwa, hama-khor. 

On, Spar, par, pa, pai,bar, dar, al.i, {dakh.) 
po, {adv.) ilge, agii, pare, barh, barhke. 

On Idm, {Arab.) alaihi : — them, alai-him. 

Onager, khar-i-dashti, gor-khar. 

Once, ek-bar, ek-dafa, ek-ber, ek raartaba, 
ek wakt, {formerly) age, sabik, peshtar : 
at — , all at — , ek-bargi, ck-a-ekl, ek 



OPI 

laWit, yak-musht, 583, {at one time) ek 
sath, sang, {suddenly) nagahan : — more, 
phir : — or twice, do ek martaba. 
One, ek, yak, wahid, ikka, ek shakhs, ko'i, 
ko'u: —and a half, (leA, {dakh.)Aer: 

— after another, pai-dar-pai, ek-par-ek, 
1792: — another, apas, yak-digar: — 
breath, — moment, yak nafas, ek-dam : 

— by one, yak-ba-yak, ek-ek, bhinn- 
-bhinn : — or other, ek-na-ek, yak-na- 
-yak : — or two, yak-adh : — upon an- 
other, {dakh.) uttar ke uttar : — with an- 
other, ham-digar : in — place, ikatha or 
ikatthii, yak-tha, yak-than, 2219: it is 
all — , eksan hai, musJwi hai : many a — , 
bahut-ek : of — piece, ek-dal ; of — 
heart or mind, ikchit, ek-dil, yak-dil : 
of — voice or tongue, yak-zaban : with — 
accord, ek-dil hokar : tcith — voice, ek- 
-muuh. OtfE-horse chaise, yakka. 

Oneeyed, kana, ur. Ones, ahad. 

Onion, piyaz, basal, kanda, gattha (1685). 

Only, {single) ek-lauta, ikla, ek, mujarrad, 
{mere) nira, (mere/y) sirf, mahz, fakat, {no 
more) aur nahiii, {in compos.) hi, 1. 

Onset, hamla, halla, wahla, daur, mar. 

Onward, age, agari, barhke, udhar, pare. 

Onyx, sulaimani, sang-i-sulaimani. 

Ooze, chahla, wahal, ehikar, kichar, hila. 

To Ooze, chuna, jharna, chhanna, risna. 

Opacity, gkair-shafFafi, kasafat, na-safa'i. 

Opal, dudliiya patthar (?). 

OpAacE, kasTf, gbair-shaffaf, dhundhla. 

Open, khula, waz, kushada, {evident) zahir, 
ashkara : of an — countenance,ic\isha.da-Tn'e 

To Open, {v, n.) khulna, ugharna, {v. a.) 
kholna, {discover) zahir k., ugharna, iz'- 
har k., {divide) tarkana, torna, {begin) 
shurii' k. Opened, maftiih, wa-shuda : 
to be — , khulna. 

Opener, kholan-har, kushayanda. 

Open-handed, farakh-dast, sakhi. 

Open-hearted, kushada-dil, darya-dil. 

OpENHEARTEDNESs,kushada-dilI,darya-dili 

Opening, rah, shigaf, darar, {beginning) 
shurii", ibtida, aghaz : — of mom, fajr ; 

— of a poem, matla". Openings of 
poems, matiili'. 

Openly, ziihiran, khula-khula, saiihan. 
Openmouthed, munhpasare.kushadadahan. 
Openness, kushadagi, sadagi, zahiri, faza, 

kushud : — of countenance, kushada-rii'I. 
To Operate, asar k., amal k., tasTr k. 
Operation, amal, kar, kargari, {effect) 

asar, tasir, {motion) harakat : surgical — , 

jarrahi. Operative, mu'assir, kargar, 

{artificer) karlgar. 
Operator, karta, fa'il : surgical — , jarrah. 
Ophidium simack, bam. 
Opinion, zann, khayal. ra'e, fikr, bujh. 



ORD 

OpiNiONATiVE,khud-ra'e,khijd-sar,magra. 

Opium, afyun, afim, tiryak ; — eater, afim- 
chl, afimi : intoxicating drink from — , 
^c, ghola. Opoponax, gaw-shlr. 

Opponent, mukhalif, harif, mudda'i, badl. 

Opportune, ba-ja, bar-wakt, munasib. 

Opportunely, bar-wakt, bar-mahall. 

Opportunity, fursat, kabu, wakt, gaun, 
subhita : to watch an — , ghiit *. ; want 
of — , kam-fursatl. 

ToOppose, muklialafati.,rokna.briz rakhna. 

Opposite, {adj.) mukabil, mukhalif, {adv.) 
samne, {subst.) mukhalif, zidd, aks. 

Opposition, mukabala, zidd, khilaf, aks, 
{resistance) rok, rok-tok, ta'arruz : in 
— , mukabil, bar-aks. 

To Oppress, zulm *., satana, dabana. 

Oppressed, mazlum, majbiir, sitam-zada. 

Oppression, zulm, sitam, jaur, ta'addl, za- 
bar-dastT, sakhti, {dejection) udasi, dilgirl. 

Oppressive, zalim,sakht,dushwar,be-insaf. 

Oppressor, zalim, sitamgar, jafakar. 

Opprobrious, zabun, malamati, ma'yub. 

Opprobrium, ruswa. Opprobriousness, 
ruswii'i. Optative, (mjrram.)mutamannl. 

Optical, basarl. Optics, ilm-i-maraya(?). 

Option, ikhtiyar, marzl, khushi, pasaud. 

Opulence, daulatmandi, tawangarl, sampat. 

Opulent, daulatmand, tawangar, maldar. 

Or, ya, chaho, khwah, ki. Orach, sarmak. 

Oracle, hatif-i-ghaibi, akas-bani, mu'tabar 
bat. Oral, zabani, bachani, munh-bola. 

Orange, naranj, narangi, kauiila : — co- 
loured, champi, naranj-i. 

Orang-utan, ban-manus, nasmls. 

Oration, kalam, sukhan, takrir, bat. 

ORATOR,mukarrir,zaban-awar,khush-takrIr. 

Oratory, zaban-awarT, khush-takriri, las- 
sani, {place for prayer) ibadat-khana. 

Orb, charkh, chakkar, daur, gardiin, kura. 

Orbicular, gol, mudawwar, golSkar. 

Orbit, daura, da'ira, {of the eye) halka-i- 
-chashm. Orchard, bagh,bari,samaristan. 

Root of a species 0/ Orchis, sa'lab-misrl. 

To Ordain, thahrana, mukarrari., ka'im*. 

Ordeal, ag ya pan! se azma'ish. 

Order, {method)tartlh, tlhab, tadbir, {class, 
raKi)tabak,safF, martaba, zat, firka, kaum, 
{command) hukm, amr, farma'ish : — for 
wages, tan -khwah : religious — , asram, 
panth : to put in — , dunist k. : in — 
that, ta ki : to — , {arrange) tartib d., 
{command) hukm k., farmana, kahna. 

Orderer, nazim, murattib, hakim. 

Orderly, ba-tartlb, ba-ka'ida, ariista. 

Orders, {commands) ahkam, faramln: giv- 
ing — , farman-dih ; subject to — , 1490. 

Ordinance, kaniin, ka'ida, shar', a'in. 

Ordinarily, umiiman, aksar, beshtar. 

Ordinary, {usual) rasmi, amall, chain!. 



ORT 



2343 



{common) amm, pajl, tajarrufi, {plain) 
na-zeb, be-raunak : in — , dasturi men. 

Ordnance, topen, top-khana ,• master of 
the — , mlr-i-atash. 

Ordure, guh, chirkin, bishtha. 

Ore, filizz-i-kham, ma'dan-i-kham, dhat. 

Organ, {of seme) indr!, {instrument) alat, 
azv, {musical) arghaniin. Organic, khil- 
k!, zat!, aali, z!-a"za. Organism, Or- 
ganization, tarkib, banawat. 

Organist, arghanun-nawaz. 

To Organize, tarkib k., milanil, banana. 

Orient, piirbi, shark!, {subst.) purah, shark. 

Oriental, purbi, shark!, mashriki. 

Orifice, chhed, surakh, shigaf, munh. 

Origanum, sa'tar : — majorana, maru'a. 

Origin, Original, bunyad, asl, bun, bekb, 
jar, mill, {race,) nasi, mansha, nasab. 

Original, asl!, zati, pahla, {in oppos. to 
copy) mankul anhu ; as in the — , 837. 

Originally, ibtida'an, asalatan, awwalan. 

Orion, jauza,jabbar. Orisons, namaz,salat. 

Ornament, zewar, zinat, ara'ish, singar, 
gahna, bhukhan : — for the head, ik-pe- 
cha, indu'!, chonti, sarasari, sis-phiil, 
mang-patti, chiind, suraj : — for the foot 
or ankle, piiyal : — for an elephatit's or 
horse's neck, gaj-gah: — ofapalkt, thop : 

— of metal on the horns of a bullock, sin- 
gaut! : — on the border of a garment, H- 
raz, dar-daman : — worn on the ankles 
and toes, nupur : — worn on the arm, ba- 
zu-band, bank, nau-ratan, bhuj-bandh, 
ba'uta : — 700m on the nose, bulak, phul- 
1! : — on the ear or nose, morn!, bar! : — 
worn in the turband,fi^a, turra,sar-pech, 
kalghi, gosh-pech : — worn on the breast, 
urbasi, dhukdhuki, chauk! : — worn on 
the ears, bunda, pat, chaudani, morni, 
tatank, chhara, dhenri, sabza, lurka, mur- 
ki, bugre, chaula-phul : — worn on the 

feet, gujrl, nepur, 2120 : — worn on the 
forehead, band!, baina, tikli, tika, dama- 
nl : — worn on the legs, pair! : — worn 
on the neck, hasll, haikal, patta, galsiri, 
chaukri, chandan-har, jawan-mala, pach- 
lari, kantha, jugn!, i6l6 : — worn on the 
toes, bichhii'a, bichhu'i, chutki, chitki, 
nepur, 1846: — worn on the wrists, i^e., 
nau-ratan, uaugari, ikka, bangri, pahun- 
chi, kangan, kharii'a, gajra, gujr! : — 
worn round the ankles, ghungrii, gokhrii, 
nepur, tehar, painjan, jhajhar, pa'e-zeb : 

— ivorn round the waist, kamar-patta. 
To Ornament, sanwarna, singarna, arasta *. 
Ornamented, arasta, muzaiyan, zebdar. 
Orphan, yatim, murha. 

Orpiment, zarnikh, hartal. 
Orris-root, bach, chokh. 
Orthodox, rashid, mutadaiyin, sachcha, 



2344 



OV] 



OUT 



PAC 



mumin: — Muhammadan, islaraiysi, 1334. 

Orthodoxt, rast-i'tikadi, sawab, sacha'i. 

Orthograpber, inila-dan, saluh imlakar- 
ne-wala. Orthographical, sahih im- 
la, ba-imla, imla-mansub. 

Orthography, imla, rasm-i-khatt. 57. 

Ortolan, bargel.parglri. ORTs,uchchhislit. 

ToOsciLLATEjjhulna.OsciLLATiONJhula'o. 

ToOsciTATE,angranaOsciTATiON,jainliahat 

Ossification, haddiyahat. 

To Ossify, haddiyana. 

Ostensible, dikhane ke kabil, zahir. 

Ostentation, khud-numa'i. tafakhur. 

Ostentatious, bharkila, khud-numa, fakli- 
khar : — display of rani, S^c, tashaiyukh. 

Ostentatiously, khud-numa'i se, tafa- 
khur se. Osteology, haddi ka bayan, 
tashrlliu-l-izain. 

Ostler, sa'is, chirwadar. 

Ostrich, shutur-murgk. 

Other, dusra, aur, digar, gliair, an, par : 
on, of, or to the — side, par, parla. 

Otherwise, aur taralj, aur, kuchli aur. 

OTisie«^a/en«s,charz; — tarda,{dakh.')-]QQ. 

Ottar (of roses), atr, itr. Otter, ud-bila'o. 

Oval, baiza-shakl, baizawl: — face, 1553. 

Ovary, baiza-dan, ghariya, andkoth (?). 

Oven, bhat, tanur, tandur, bhattha. 

Over, upar, upar, par, bala, pai, (across) 
are, par, (more) ziyada, udbar, jita, (su- 
perfluous) baki, fazul : — against, amne- 
-samne, ru-ba-ru, barabar, sanraukh, mu- 
hazl : — and above, ma siwa, tis-par, si- 
wa'e : it is all — , kul ho chuka. 

To Overawe, darana, sahmana, dahshat d. 

To Overbear, dabana, daba raklina, tor d. 

Overcast, ghan-ghor : to — , ghanghor h., 
(v. a.) chha lena. 

To Overcharge, ziyada-talabi k., bharna. 

Overcome, maghlub : to — , magUub k., 
jitna, shikast d. : to be — , maraj., hamfi. 

Overflow, Overflowing, sailab, ahlii, 
barb, lab-rezi, chhalak, (adj.) za khkh ar. 

To Overgrow, bharna, pur h., daba lenii. 

To Overhale, jhara lena, jiinchna, nazar- 
-i-sani k. To Overhang, mushrif h. 

Overhanging, mushrif. 

Overhead, upar, sir-par, bala. 

To Overjoy, bagh-bagh i., magan *. 

To Overlay, kuchalrf., daba marna, (cover) 
marhna. To Overleap, langhna. 

7'')OvERLOAD,bahutladn!i,bahutbojhrakhna 

To Overlook, mushrif A., (inspect) dekhna, 
(excuse) 1037. Overlooker, sar-kob. 

Overlooking, (adj.) sarkob, (winking at) 
anakani. Overmatch, ghalib, charab, 
zabar-dast : to — , ghalib A., zabardast h. 

Overmuch, bahut, hadd se ziyada. 

Overnight, guzri rat, awwal-i-shab. 

Overplus, barhti, ziyadati, balfiya, fasfil. 



To Overpower, has k., torna, dabana. 

7'oSeOvERPOWERED,dabchalna,dabnikalna. 

To Overreach, butta d., thagna, dagha d. 

To OvERRJLE, hukiimat k., radd k. 

To Overrun, takht-taraj k., (outrun) age 
daurna, (overspread) phail_;'., bharna. 

Overrunning an enemy's country, dhawa. 

To Oversee, nigah k., ihtimam *., takid k. 

Overseer, karora, darogha, sarhang. 

To Overset, (v. n.) ulat^., (v. a.) ulat d. 

7'oOvERSHOOT,nishaneselangh^'.,diirparna. 

Oversight, (care)nigahbam,(»nis<aif)chiik. 

To Overspread, chhana, chha lena, bharna. 

To Overstock, patna, bhar-pur k., relpeli. 

Overt, zahir, ashkara, khula. 

To Overtake, barabar ana, pahunchna. 

Overtaken iy,rasida : — by fate, ajal-rasida 

Overthrow, bhagel, parajai, pa'e-raali. 

To Overthrow, girana, girad., (ruin) mis- 
mar k., pa'e-mal k., (defeat) bhagana. 

To Overtop, barhuthua, fa'ikA., sarkob h. 

Overture, bat, iz'har, suwal, charcha. 

To Overturn, (v.n.) ulatna, palatna, (v. a.) 
ultana, aundhana, dal d., maghlub k. 

To 4e Overturned, 1848, (as a 4oa<) maraj. 

To Overvalue, ziyada janna, besh-kimat/t. 

To OvERWEEN, shekhi k., khud-tarashi k. 

To Overwhelm, daba d., tor d., ghark k. 

Ought, (subst.) kuchh, ko'i chiz, tanuk, 
(vei-b) chahiye, lazim hai, lii'ik hai. 

OviEDA verticillata, baman hatti. 

Oviparous, andel, baiza-guzar, andaila. 

Ounce, ek paimana karib adhi chhatank 
wazn ka, wukiya, iikiya : see Panther. 

Our, hamara, apnii, ham logon ka, ma. 

To Oust, khali k., ujarna, nikalna, utha d. 

Out, bahar, beriin, kharij, baharwansii : — 
of, se, men se, be : — of hand, dar-hiil, 
bila-tawakkuf : — of humour, udas, an- 
-mana: — of one's mind, be-khud, a-chet, 
az-khud rafta: — of place, be-mauka", 
kothaur : — of season, a-samain, be-mau- 
sim : — of sight, gha'ib : — of the way, 
dar-kinar. 

Going Out or forth, (subst.) khuruj. 

To Outbrave, dhamka lena, dabkana. 

Outcast, mardud, awara, kharij. 

Outcry, shor, ghaugha, ghul, ghul-ghapa- 
ra : to make an — , gh ul machana. 

To Outdo, tarjih rakhna, fa'ik A., ghalib h. 

Outer, Outmost, bahari,berum, baharwiir. 

To Outface, be-haya'i se dabana. 

To OuTFLY, pichhe chhorna, sabkat lejana. 

Outgoing, (expense) kharch, (outlet) nikas. 

To Outgrow, barh nikalna, dab lena. 

OuTGUARD, tiliiya, bahar kt chauki. 

Outlandish, ajnabi, bidesi,be-rawaj,bui*a. 

To Outlast, ziyada chalnii, ziyada thaharna. 

Outlaw, murtidd, biighi, khiirij-i-shar". 

To Outlaw, mardiid k., kharij *. 



Outlet, muhana, makhraj, nikas, nala. 

Outline, naksha, khaka. bahari khatt. 

To Outlive, ziyada jina, ji bachna. 

To Outnumber, adadmenbarhna,ginti meii 
ziyada h. Outparts, nawah, atraf. 

Outrage, zulm, sitam, jafa, bid'at, jaur. 

To Outrage, kahr k., zulm k., sitam k. 

Outrageous, ghazabnak, tatta, jaljala. 

Outrageously, shiddat se, ghazab se. 

OuTRAGEOUSNESS, ghazabnaki, jaljalahat. 

Outright, saf, piira, bila-tawakkuf, hi, i. 

To OuTROOT, ukhar dalna, ujarna. 

roOuTRUN,daurnemeiiisabkopichhechhorna 

To OuTSEL, ziyade kimat par bechna. 

To Outshine, chamak men ziyada A., (ex- 
cel) tarjih rakhna. 

Outside, bahar, iipar, bahar-taraf, zahir. 

Outskirts, liawali, atraf. 

To OuTSTAND, bahar parna. 

To OuTSTARE, dhamkana. 

To Outstretch, phailana, pasaraa, darazX-. 

To Outstrip, pichhe dalna, sabkat k. 

To be Outstripped, pichhe parna. 

To Outvie, sabkat lena, aur se bihtar A. 

To Outwalk, barhchalna, pichhe chhorj. 

Outward, (external) bahari, beriini, (ap- 
parent) zahiri : — form, hai'at. Out- 
wards, bahar, bahar ko. 

Outwardly, zahiran, dekhne meii. 

To Outwit, fareb o fitrat se harana. 

Outworks, bahar kota, artala, muhra. 

To Owe, (be indebted) dharna, karzdar A., 
(be obliged) mamnQn A., ihsanmand A. 

Owing, mahmQl, maukiif, hii'a ; — to, se. 

Owl, Owlet, ullii, biim, chughd, pecha : 
(screech) buri ehuri: young — , ghusat. 

Own, apna, nij, nij-ka, khass, swakiya. 

To Own, (acknowledge) manna, kabfd k., 
(avow) mukirr A., ka'il A., (claim) da wa 
k., (possess) pana, malik A., rakhna. 

To make any thing one's Own, apnanii. 

Owner, malik, khawind, wali, sahib, waris. 

Ox, badhiya, bail, gorii, mahochh. 

OxALis corniculata, amboti. 

OxFLY-, dans. Oxymel, sikanjabin. 

OYSTER,kastura,((iaiA.)sinpi: — «Ac//,siiipi. 



Pace, (step) kadam, gam, (gait) raftar, 
(amble) yargha, (in mensttration) kadaiii : 
to — , (march) khiram *., (amble) yargha 
chalna, (measure by steps) paiiw se napnfi : 
to — in the manage, jamnii, janiana : of 
steady — , (an elephant) a-jhol. 

Easy Paced, (elephant) ni-jhol. 

i'/ra,san/PACED,kl!iish-rau(aAorse)shah-gam 

Pacific, §alahi, milapi, sulh-kar, salim. 



PAI 

Pacification, musalaha, milap, taskin. 
To Pacify, thamjha*., ?ulli karanS, tasklnrf. 
Pacifying, (subst.) taskin, iskat, rafa. 
Pack, Package, gattha, gathl, gatliiya, 

basta, pot, gathar, (multitude) (Iher, ras. 
Pack, {of cards) ganjifa, {of dogs) lemlhii. 
To V KCK,{as goods) gathiyfma.gathrl bandh- 

na, lapetna, {depart) rakht bandhnfi, {pack 

off) sidharna, jfita rahna, champat h. 
Packcloth, bethan, lifafa. 
Packer, basta-bandhne-wala, ganth-band. 
Packet, gnthrl, {of letters) chitthi ki thaili. 
Packhorse, barbardail ka ghora, 507. 
Packsaddle. palan, gaddl, kbogir, kandhell- 
Packthread, sutli, rassi, dorl. 
Pad, {horse) narm chal ka ghora, {saddle) 

khogir, (roilier) daku, rahzan. 
Paddle, {oar) karwara, dabila, chappu, ba- 

thiya, {for digging) khanti ; to — , {play 

in. water) pani men khelna, (row) khe'ona. 
Paddock, (/rojr)mendak, gbiik, bhek, beng, 

{small enclosure) chhota iliata. 
Paddy-bird, bagla, bagula. 
Padlock, kufl,taIa,kalaf:rfowS;e — ,do-kala. 
P.EAN, karka, jai-git, madh-amez-git. 
Pagan, tarsa, but-parast, gabr, mushrik. 
Paganism, but-parasti, atash-parasti, kufr. 
Page, {servant) khawass, {of a book) safba. 
To Page, (0 book) warak-dagbi k. : — and 

line, {a book) warak utarnii. 
Pageant, {pvppet) putli, {show) pekhna. 
Pageantry, huba, dikblawa, bashmat. 
Pagoda. biit-kada.but-khana, dewal, murat. 
Paid, mu'adda: to be — , patna, bhar pana. 
Pail, tagbar, katbauti, dohni, jhakrl, dol. 
Pain, plr, dukb, ranj, sog, dard, {penalty) 

jarimana, saza, {toil) mihnat, mashalvkat: 

— in the bowels, pecbish, mamora : — in 
the joints, tahak, machak : to have — in 
the joints, macbakna : shooting — , tis, 
buk : to give one — , paaw tale malna : to 

suffer , mar-pacbna, kasakna, tasakna : 

in — , dukhl : to — , dukbna, pirana, ta- 
hakna, salna, kacbakna : to inflict or give 
— , dukhana : to be in — , siyasat men h. 

Painful, dard-nak, pur-dard, sakbt, {dis- 
tressing) dusbwar, tbakthak, mibnati, 
dukh-da'I, katbin. Painfully, mihnat 
ke satb, dard se, niashakkat se. 

Painfulness, dard, sozish, ranj o alam. 

Pains, {toil) ranj, niashakkat, sa'i, mihnat: 

— of labour, {in childbirth) dard-i-zih, 
{dakh.) piran : — in the bones, dhun, dhu- 
niba'o, har-phutan : — in the joints, ga.- 
thiya: to take — , takalluf X:., pachna. 

Painstaker, Painstaking, mihnat-kasb. 

Paint, rang, raughan, baran. 

To Paint, {colour) rangna, rang bharna, 
rang-amezl k., {a picture) taswir khainch- 
na, (0 portrait) sbabib kbaincbna. 



PAN 

Painted, rangin, nigar-alud, musawwar, 
muntakish, 190, 2073 : to be- — , chitna. 

Painter, musawwir, nakkash, chitr-kar, 
naksh-band: a celebrated Chinese — ,mam. 

Painting, {act of) taswir-kashi, cbitr-kari, 
rang-sazi, {art of) ilm-i-nakkashi, {a pic- 
ture) taswir, chitr. 

Pair, jora, juft, jot, jorl, zauj, mithun. 

To Pair, jot bandhna, {as birds) juft kbana. 

Palace, daulat-khana, bargah, kasr, kakh. 

Pal-sstra, akhara, rang-bhiim. 

Palankeen, palki, nalki: — bearer, kabar. 

Palatable, mazedar, kbusb-za'jka, guwar. 

Palate, tiilii, kam, mazak, za'jka : seeTASTE. 

Pale, {adj.) zard, phika, pila, sitha, {dim) 
dhundhla, {subst.) danda : to grow or 
turn — , 1 189, 1 188. Pale-faced, zard- 
-ru, pTla-rang, khushk-ru, pila-munb. 

Paleness, zardi, plla'I, phika'i, dlmndb : 
— of the face, niir jana muiib ka. 

Palette, takhtl. 

Pali, {a prakrit dialect) magadb-bbasha. 

Paling, berha. Palindrome, 1936. 

Palisade, katabra, katbghara, mutakka(?). 

Palkee, piilki, mahadol, nalki, miyana, 
munda : — bearer, mahra, kabar. 

Pall, {for the dead) chaddar, kafan. 

Pallet, kbindri, gudri, dalk, kbatiya. 

To Palliate, halka k., kam *., taksir ke 
uzr se khaflf k., chuparna. 

Palliation, takhfif, tashaffi, karai, pozish. 

Palliative, mukhafiif. uzr-awar. 

Pallid, zard, pazhmurda, phika, beraunak. 

Palm, {tree) tar, khajQr, (!)«c^ry)fatb,fau. 
kiyat, {of the hand) hatheli, kaf-i-dast, 
{measure) char-ungal : juice of the — tree, 
tari : — of the hand contracted so as to 
hold water, chullii. 

Palma Christi, arand, and, rand, rendi. 

Palmer worm, bhun(lli, kamala. 

Palmister, samudriki, bhadri. 

Palmistry, samudrik, samudrik. 

Palmyra tree or fan palm, tar. 

Palpable, sarih,kabilu-l-lams,((/ross)bara. 

Palpableness, sarahat, sakhti, shiddat. 

Palpably, zabiran, sarihan, ba-shiddat. 

To PALPiTATE,pbarakna,dharakna,kampna. 

Palpitating, Palpitation, tarpari, ta- 
raph, khafakan, dharak, phurphuri : sub- 
ject to — , khafakani : to have a — of the 
heart, ji dharakna. 

Palsied, ra"sha-dar, sitangi, adhangi, sun. 

Palsy', falij, sitang, jhola, sitang, adhang : 
shaking — , ra'sha. 

Paltriness, dana'at,na-bakari,kamin-pan. 

Paltry, dani, na-kiira, nikamma, kbwar. 

To Pamper, chakana, naz o ni'mat se palna. 

Pamphlet, risala,be-jild chhoti patli kitab. 

Pan, chaura bartan, tas, patuki, {frying) 

karabi,taba: large earthen — ,nand,uadola. 

8 G 



PAR 



2345 



PANCAKE,pii'a,malpii'a.PANCREAB,lablaba. 

Pandanus odoratissimus, ketaki, ke'ora. 

Pandarism, bharu'a'i. 

Pandean ^z/;e», musikar. Pane, jiarkala. 

Pander, bharii'a. 

Panegyric, madh, bhata'i, sana-khwani. 

Panegyrist, bardait, dasaundhi, maddah. 

Panel, kiwar wa ghaira ki khop ya takhta- 
-bandi, panchayati'on ke nam ka ta'lika. 

Pang, nihayat dard, siyasat, gharra. 

Pangs o/rfeaM, sakarat-i-maut,jan-kandan. 

Panic, bharril, khaufnaki, haibat, khauf, na- 
gahan dar : — struck, dahsbat-zada. 

Panicum colonum, shama : — frumenta- 
ceum, sanwa, shama: — italicum, kaogan, 
kangni, rala : — miliaceum, chena, china 
or cbaina : — pilosum, arzan : — apica- 
tum, labarra : — verticillatum, lapta. 

Pannel, kandheli, ek taiu- ka zin, palan. 

Pannier, khaneba, tokra, jbawwa,gaiiwara. 

To Pant, hamphna, dam cbarhna, mama. 

PANTALOONS,pa'e-jama,izar,shalwar,sarwal. 

Panther, chita, palang, namir, yuz. 

Pantom I M E.bhand.maskbara, («Aow)sawaDg 

Pantry. modi-khana.bhandar.ni'mat-khana 

Pap, cbQchi, chiiucbi, bhitni, sar-i-pistan, 
kuch, jijiya, {the food) harira, lupri, rfibri. 

Papa, baba, biip, bawa, kibla-gah. 

Papaw tree, papaiya. Paper, kiighaz, kir- 
tas, hariri, {written) likhtang : — fit for 
letters, ruk'a-war : — for practising 
writing on, wasli : made of — , kaghazin : 
— written on, warak daghi. 

PAPERCASE,kaghazi.PAPERMAKER,kagliazi. 

Papy'rus, bardi, patera. 

Par, musawat, barabari, {in commerce) be- 

-batta'i : on a — , barabar. 
Parable, tamsil, nazir, misal, drishtant. 
Parabolically, tamsil ke rQ se, tamsilan. 
Parade, dhiim-dhara, numa'ish, {of troops) 

kawa'id-gah, saff-gah, maidan. 
Paradigm, amad-nama, kriya-rup. 
Paradise, firdaus, adn,bihisht: bird of — , 

huma : doorkeeper of — , rizwan : fountain 

or river in — , kausar, salsabil. 
Paradisiacal, bihisbti, firdausi. 
Paradox, mu'amma, paheli, chistan. 
Paradoxical, ba'idu-1-akl, diir-fahm. 
Paragon, namuna,dastiiru-l-amal,be-nazir. 
Paragraph, fikra, prakaran, kit'a. 
Parallel, {adj.) musawi, barabar, muliazi. 
Parallelism, istiwa, samata, musawat. 
To Parallel, barabar A., (compare) mu- 

kabala k. Parallelogram, mustatil, 

mui'abba*-mustatn. 
Paralysis, lakwa, ra'sha, sitang, Hdij. 
Paraly'tic, mashlul, shall, adhangi, mafluj. 
Paramount, bara, aulatar, fa'iktar, sardar. 
Paramour, ashna, yar, jar, dhaggar, dhing. 
Parapet, fasil, kamar-kota, sina-panab. 



2346 



PAR 



Paraphernalia, dahezi mal, jahez, daija. 

Paraphrase, tarjuma ba tafsll, tawH. 

Parapluie, chhatrl, chhata, mathaura. 

PARAttCETO, tota, su'a, tuti. 

Parasaxg, farsakh, farsang. 

Parasite, tufail, kiisa-les, muft-klior, ri- 
kabi-maz'hab : — plant, banda, akas-lat. 

Parasitical, kha'e-bardar, tufaili. 

Parasol, chhota chhata, chhatr, chatr. 

7'oPARBOiL,mm-joshi.,adh-kachrapakana. 

Parcel, bukcha, basta, gathri, {of physic) 
puriya, {portion) hissa, {of land) kat'a. 

To Parcel, bantna, bissa k., tukra-tukra k. 

To Parch, {v. n.) bhunj., tachna, (». a.) 
bhunna, senkna : — grain, kalana. 

Parched, biryan, {thirsty) pyasa, khushk : 
— grain, khil, chabena, thuddl, liina : — 
rice, chyura : kind of food made of — 
rice, chura, la'i : to he — , bhunna, sikna. 

Parcher o/yra/n, bharbhunja, {fern.) bhar- 
bhunjan : grain taken by the — , khonchi. 

Parchment, rakk, khas kl wasll, meshl. 

Pardon, atii, amurzish, maghfirat, chhima, 
ohhutkara : deserving — , {adj.) muta'az- 
zir : to ask —, uzr-khwahi k., uzr k. 

To Pardon, mu'af *., dar-g:uzar i. 930. 

Pardonable, mu'af karneke la'ik, ma'zur. 

Pardoned, mu'af, maghfur: to be — , afu h. 

Pardoner, bakhshanda, {spoken of God) 
amurz-gar, ghafiar. 

To Pare, chhilna, chholna, chhantna, ta- 
rashna, katarna : — the nails, nakhun lena. 

Parent, ma ya bap, pidar ya madar. 

Parentage, got, gota, nasi, paida'ish. 

Parental, pidari, madari, walidana. 

Parenthesis, jumla-i-mu'tariza. 

Parents, ma-bap, walidain. 

Parer, chhllne-wala, tarashne-wala, {tool) 
tarashne ka auzar, {in compos.) tarash. 

Paring, Parings, tarasha, cUhllan, katran. 

Parish, tappa. Parity, yak-sani, barabarl. 

Park, ramna, khalanga, shikar-gab, mirg- 
-sala: — o/ar<iWery, top-khana. 

PARLEy,suwal-jawab,(<rea<y)sulhkibat-chit 

Parlour, dar-dalan, baitha-khana (?). 

Parole, kaul, ikriir, ahd-o-paiman. 

PARoauET,tota,su'a,tutT.PAROTis,karn.mul 

Paroxysm, maraz kl ziyadati, naubat, ban. 

Parricide, katil-i-pidar, pita-ghati, 480. 

Parrot, tota, suk, su'a, tota, kirak, nuri. 

To Parry, baz rahna, rok ya ar se bachna. 

PARSiMONious,ju2-ras,kam-kharch,tang-dU 

PARSiMONY,tang-cha'I,juzrasi, kamkharchi. 

Parsley, randni,aj mud, ajmud-i-khurasanl. 

Parson, mulla, padrl, pfijman, saiyid. 

Part, hi??a, bant, fa?l, bakhra, {piece) tuk- 
ra, para, {ingredient) juz, tuk, {aide) ta- 
raf, janib, (concern) alaka, {affair) kam, 
kaj, khidmat, {duty) far?, (in a play) 
swang, nakl: — of speech, kaliina:/or 



PAS 

the most — , aksariya : in — , juzwi : to 
take in bad — , buril manna, zabiin jannii : 
to take in good — , ahsan janna : to take 
— , {side with) janib-darl k. : to play well 
one's — , apna kbub nibahn,a. 

To Part, bantna, hissa k., {separate) tafti- 
wut i., juda A., {be separated) juda A., 
bichhorna, {interrene) fas\l h., darmiyan 
parna, {to take farewell) sidharna, rukh- 
sat h., bida h. : — with, khona, chborna. 

roPARTAKE,hissa-darA.,sharIkA., hissa lena. 

Partaker, hissa-dar, sharik, sathi, sajhi. 

Parterre, chaman,sabza. Parthian, iraki. 

Partial, tarafdar, pachchhi, {not universal) 
kuchh, prachchhann, khass. 

Partiality, taraf-dari, janib-darl, pachh : 
having — , ma'il : to shew — , mami pina. 

To Participate, hissa-dar A., sharik A. 

Participation, hissadari, sharakat, shirkat. 

Participle, {active) ism-i-fi'il, {passive) 
ism-i-maf'Ql, {past conjunctive) mazl- 
-ma'tuf alaihi, {present) ism-i-haliya. 

Particle, tuk, tuk, zarra, reza, tinka : — 
in grammar, harf: every — ,nakIr-o-kitmIr. 

Particular, {adj.) khass, makbsus. nij, 
{individual) mufassal, {attentive) muta- 
wajjih, {odd) nirala, ajib, {intimate) ham- 
-raz, yiir-i-ghar, {subst.) bat, amr, khass 
bat, nukta : eiiery — , akall aksar : in 
— , ala-1-khusus, kbusiisan. 

Particularity, khususiyat, takhsls. 

To Particularize, juda juda bayan k. 

Particularly, mufassalan, alag alag. 

Particulars, juziyat, juzwiyat. 

All the Parties of a lawsuit, chor dhor. 

Both Parties, janibain, farikain. 

Partisan, taraf-dar, rafik, daman-glr. 

Partition, taksim, tafrik, {as a wall) it . 

Partner, sharik, {partaker) bakhra-dar. 
{associate in business) sathi, jorl, {at play) 
bikki, jori, {at a dance) nachne ka sathi. 

Partnership, sharakat, sajha, shamilat. 

Partridge, t!tar,durraj, kabk, tihii, {dakh.) 
gerja: call of a — ,tikhna; Greek — ,chakor. 

Parts, ajza, {talents) dana'i, zlraki, budh, 
firasat, {districts) atrilf, akalim, jawanib. 

Parturition, janna, paida-sazi, prasav. 

Party, pachh, jatha, ghol, guroh, jamii'at, 
{select assembly) khass majUs, (one of two 
litigants) farik, {individual) shaklis. iidmi. 

Party-coloured, bukalamun,rang-a-rang. 

Paspalum kora, {WilUl.) kodo. 

PAsaniNADE, hajo, bhandawwa. 

Pass, {road) gali, ghat, riih, guiar, {license) 
parwana, rawana, rahdarl, {thrust) hul, 
khod, {state) halat, dasa : the coming to 
— , wuku", zuhur : to cause to — , guzar- 
na, chalana : to come to — , bitna, bitna, 
ban-parna, ^urat-pazir A. 

7b Pass, (ti. n.) guzama, chalnii, langbna, 



PAT 

bitna, tai k., chalaj., {as) houa, banna, 
{as coin) chalna, ra'ij A., {away, vanish) 
jata rahna, tal^., ba-sar^"., {end) akhir A., 
nibarna, {by, omit) dar guzarna, guzarna, 
{current) jari A., {v. a.) guzarna, bitana, 
{over) guzarna, {enact as a law) kaniin 
jari A., {excuse) dar-guzar k., {time) kat- 
na, khepna, {time with difficulty) din^at- 
na, {thrust) ghuserna, bill d. 

Passable, {middling) bain-bain, aisa-wai- 
sa: — coin, Sec, chaltl chiz : not — , 
na-rawa. 

Passage, {act of passing) rawa-rau, guzr, 
{way) rasta, guzara, gall, {in a book) ma- 
kala, makal : — of time, zamane ki gu- 
zarish : — money, khewa, bhara : — to a 
river, panghat, ghat. 

Passed, atit, bitit, sadir : to be — , katna. 

Passenger, musafir, rah-glr, rah-rau, 871. 

Passing, {subst.) muriir, rawaoagi, ubiir, 
{adj.) abir, {in compos.) guzar, {adv. ejr- 
tremely) nihayat, nipat, bahut : — of the 
sun, moon, frc. from one sign to another, 
tahwil : — of time, roz-guzari : — round, 
{of wine) daur. 

Passion, {anger) khashm, kahr, {zeal) ha. 
rarat, {love) shauk, ta'ashshuk, hubb, 
{suffering) bhog, {desire) iirzu, shahwat, 
josh : quality or property of — , rajas, rajo 
-gun : to be, get, or fall in a — , jalna, 
jhaljhalana, dide nlle pile k. 

Passionate, ghussa-war, tund-kbo. ziid- 
-ranj, {vehement) garm, pur-shauk. 

Passionately, shauk se, sar-garmi se. 

Passion ateness, tund-kho'i, khasbm-gini. 

Without^. kssio^^orhumanqual>ties,mv-g\ax 

Passive, mutahammil, burdbar, dhila, 
sust : — voice, sigha-i-maj'hiJ. 

Passiveness, susti, maf'uliyat, maj'hiili. 

Passover, yahudiyon kii ek te'ohar, fas'h. 

Passport, rawana, parwana-i-rahdarl. 

Past, {adj.) guzashta, munkazi, salaf, sa- 
bik, raft o guzasht, {subst.) mazi, bhut, 
zaraan-i-mazl, bhut-kal, {prep.) upar, 
pare : — cure, la-ilaj. 

Paste, khamir, ahar, le'i, marni, let, kii'I : 
to unite into a — , {as flour and water) 
gbepna : to — , ahama, mariyana, wasi A. 

Pasteboard, dafti, daftin, gata, wasli. 

Pastern , ghore ka the'ona, ghuti, gabchi (.') . 

Pastime, kautuk, kutuhal, khel, tamasha. 

Pastor, guru,hadi,murshid: seeSBEPHERD. 

Pastry, samosa, parotha, kachauri, khaja. 

Pastry-cook, balwa-I, mitha'i-gar. 

Pasturage, chari.chara'i: /(rice 0/ — ,869. 

To Pasture, charana, {v. n.) charna. 

Pat, {tap) thap, thapak, {flt) thik, la'jk. 

To Pat, khatkha^ana, thakthakana, thap- 
na (?), {on the back) pith thonkni, pith 
par hath phema: — aAorse,i(c., lahkarna. 



PAY 

Patch, paiwand, thegli, (on paper) cliippl. 
To Patch, jorna, paiwand lagana, chipti- 

na : — up, {a start/, Sfc) jornii, bandhna. 
Patched, murakka" : in — garments, gudariya 
Patcher, para-doz, paiwand-kar. 
Garment 0/ Patches, kliirka. 
Patching, {subst.) paiwandkari. 
Patchwork, murakka", mekhl. 
Pate, khopri, sir. Patella, kharpa. 
Patent, {subst.) sanad, farman, parwana. 
Patentee, parwana-dar, sanad-dar. 
Paternal, aba'!, abwi, pidarana : — affec- 
tion, dard-i-faizandi : — estate, bapautl. 
Path, bat, rasta, sarak, tarik, rah, jadaj. 
Pathetical, Pathetic, dilsoz,dard-angez. 
Pathetically, dard-angezi se, dilsozi se. 
Patheticalness, dard-augezi, jan-kahi. 
Pathway, jada, pagdandl, 288 : see Path. 
Patience, sabr, sabiirl, shikeb,dhiraj, tab: 

to have — , sabr i., pet men lena, 1475. 
Patient, sabir, shikeba, burdbar, santoklil, 

(one medically visited) marl?., bimar. 
Patiently, sabr se, burdbari se. 
Patriarch, imam, raasha'ikh, mujtahid. 
P.iTRIMONiAL, mauriisi, mirasi, aba'i, jaddl. 
Patrimony, bapans, miras, bapauti, irs. 
Patriot, watan-dost. 
Patriotism, hubbu-l-watan. 
Patrole, tilSya, shab-gard, rondh (?). 
To Patrole, shab-gardi k., tilaya phirna. 
Patron, murabbi, dastglr, hami, wali-ni'- 

mat, baiihiyan : — of learning, gun-gabak. 
Patronage, himayat, murabbl-garl, daulat. 
To Patronise, liimayat k., dast-glrl k. 
Patronising, («wJs<.) parwarish, pratipal. 
Patronymic, kanyat, aba'i lakab, padbi. 
Pattens, khara'iin, {dakh.) kharawau : 

slippers or shoes fixed to — , chama'iin. 
roPATTER,tartarana,parparana,charcharana 
Pattern, namiiaa, bangi, naksba, 1397. 
Paucity, kiUat, kami, kamti, ghatti. 
To Pave, farsh k., kharanja bandhna: — 

the way, rah nikalna, rah bananii. 
Pavement, farsb, (of bricks) kharanja. 
Paver, Pavier, farsh-band. 
Pavilion, khairaa, khargah, chatri, baithak- 

-khana : royal — , gulal-bari, sara-parda. 
Paunch, pet, tend, ojh, (dakh.) pher-botl. 
Pauper, muflis, na-dar, fakir, niiskia. 
PAUSE.wakfa, tawakkuf, (sz<s7)e>«e) hais-bais. 
To Pause, rahna, nikna, (deliberate) fikr k. 
Paw, panja, changul : mark of a — , thapa. 
JbPAW.panja marna,anaripan se hath dalna, 

(_/?a/<er)kha'e-bardarI k.,(as a Aorse)tapna. 
Pawn, girau, rihn, bandhak, (at chess) bai- 

dak, piyada : to — , girau rakhna. 
Pawnbroker, bandhak-gir, murtahin. 
Pay, talab, tan-khwah, (monthly) darma- 

ha, (yearly) sfiliyana, (daily) rozina. 
To Pay, (as a debt) ada k., bbar d., (ser. 



PEE 

vants) talab d., (reward) ajr d., iwaz d., 
(for a purchase) kimat d., mol d. : — 
with the fore topsail, chatak se janii. 

Payable, dena, wajibu-1-ada, ada'I. 

The Paying of rent or taxes, mal-guzari. 

Pa YM aster, khazanchi: — yewera/.mirbakh- 
shi. PAYMENT,ada,ada'T,pata'i,mol(i.,ajr. 

Pea, matar, ilhiirwa, Idriiw, (dakh.) batana. 

Peace, sulli, ashti, (rest) aram, asa'ish, (si- 
lence) khamoshi, chuppi : — of mind, 
khatir-jam", jam'fyat : — to thee, sa- 
lamun alaika ! — to you, salamun alai- 
kum ! — to him, salamun alaihi ! — on 
them, salamun alaibim ! 

Peaceable, sakin, bbola, sulh-andesh. 

PEACEABLENESS, gb aribi,bhala-pan,ghurbat 

Peaceably, sulh se, gharibi se, nir-dwand. 

Peaceful, ba-sulh, be-fasad, suiisan. 

Peacefully, baghair fitna o fasad ke. 

Peace-maker, sulh-kar. Peach, shaftalii. 

Peachick, murela. Peacock, mor, ta'iis, 
barhi, chakkar-dhari. 

Peagreen, pista'i rang. Peahen, mornl. 

Peak, shikhar, sikhar, sring, sikhar. 

Peal, tbahaka, gargarahat, dhamka. 

Pear, uashpati. Pearl, moti, gohar, mar- 
warld, dur, liilu : elephant — , gaj-moti : 
matchless — , shah-war, durr-i-yatim. 

Pearls, marwarid, la'ali : scattering — , 
gohar-afshan, dur-rez : small — , buka. 

Pearly, pur-dur, motiha, gauhar-war. 

Peasant, gaiiwar, dihkan, kisan, dihati, 
khetl-har. Peasantry, ri'aya. 

Peascod, Peashell, matar ki bhCisi. 

Pebble, gol sang-reza, kankar, gitkauri. 

Peccancy, bad-khaslati, bad-khassiyatl. 

Peccant, fasid, mufsid, papl, gunahgar. 

To Peck, tungna, chikorna, minkar mama. 

Pecker, thongne-wiila, minkar-zan, chiriya. 

Peculation, duzdi-i-kbalisa sharifa. 

Peculiar, khass, makhsus, nij, nirala. 

Peculiarity, kbassiyat, kbususiyat, nijta. 

Peculiarly. khass. khususiyatse.khususan. 

Pecuniary, nakdi, zar-mans&b. 

Pedagogue, gurb-bakta, akhun, mulla, 

Pedalium murex, bara gokhrii. 

Pedant, alim-i-khudfarosh, gui-h-bakta. 

Pedantic, apne ilm ka mutafakhkhir. 

Pedantry, apne ilm ka fakhr, ilm se khud- 
-numa'i. 

Pedestal, pa'e-sitiin, bun-i-sitiln. 

PEDESTRiAN,piyada-rau,paiiwsechalne-wala 

Pedicle, danthal, dandi. 

Pedigree, Ijasab o nasab, kul, silsila, asl. 

Pedler, bisatI,phariya,dast-farosh, khurda- 
-farosh : business of a — , dast-faroshi. 

Peel, chhal, chhilka, kisbr, post: baker's 
— , hattha : to — , chhal utamii, chhilna. 

Peeled, (ff(7/.)mukashshar: tobe — ,nikharna 

PEEP,jhank,tak,iiigah : — of day, toAa., bhor. 



PEN 



2347 



To Peep, jhankna, takna, (appear) nikalna, 
namud h. Peephole, jharokha. 

Peeping, (snbst.) jhanka jhonki. 

Peer, ham-sar, jot, ham-joli, (lord) amir. 

Peerage, amiri, imarat, (nobles) umara. 

Peeress, amira. Peerless, be-sar, la-sani. 

Peevish, hathi, chirchira, jbanjhana, tunuk- 
-mizaj, (dakh.) aintii: to be — , ankhana. 

Peevishly, cliirchirahat se, tunuk-mizaji se. 

Peevishness, chirchirahat, jhanjhanahat. 

Peg, khunti, mekh: to — , mekh se bandhna. 

Pelecanus onocrotalus, gagan-bhey. 

Pelf, mal, paise, take, daulat. 

Pelican, hawasil, rakham, gagan-bhef. 

Pelisse, ek tarah ka zanana libas, lubads. 

Pellet, ghuleli, goli, kurs : — ball, gird- 
-gan : — bow, ghulel, gulail : shooter with 
a — bow, ghulel-baz, gbalel-chi: sAoo/ini/ 
with a — bow, ghulel-bazi : — from a — 
bow, gulla : tape in a — bow, phatakna. 

PELLICLE,jala,jhillI. PELLiTORY,akarkarIja. 

Pellucid, shafFiif. Pellucidness, shaflafi. 

Pelt, l.iaiwan kl khal : to — , patthar, dhela 
wa ghaira phenk marna. 

Peltmonger, taza chamra becbnewala. 

Pelvis, perii, kokh, kokha, bakkhi (?). 

Pen, kalam, khama, kilk, likhni, wasl.I, 
(enclosure) ihata : a crooked — , harf : 
making a — , (subst.) kat t : a quill — , par 
ka kalam : to mend a — , katt lagana. 

To Pen, band k., kaid k., (write) likhnJ. 

Penal, ibrat-i, ikab-numa: — toCT.hudud. 

Penalty, danci, jarimana, saza, gunahgari. 

Penance, kafara, bairag, tapas, nafs-kushi, 
barat : doing — , (subst.) takf ir : religious 
— , tap, tapasya : rite performed as a — , 
kushmand : to do — , (by eating cowdung) 
gobar khana. 

Pencase, kalam-dan, khama-dan. Pencil, 
kalam, (brush) mii-kalam, kiinchi : lead 
— , surme ka kalam, sala'I. 

Pendant, aweza,latkan,lolak,(sA2p'«)dhaja. 

Pendent, Pendulous, latakta, awekbta : 
— belly, jhojh. 

Pending, mu'allaki, multawi, be-faisala. 

Pendulum, jhiila, latkan. 

Penetrable, kabil-i-nuinz, chbedne-jog. 

To Penetrate, ghusna, paithna, chubhna, 
chhedna, (understand) samajhna, (affect) 
asari. To 4e Penetrated, dhasna. 

Penetrating, (adj. sharp) tez, chokha, 
tikha, (acM<e)zTrak,rasa,tez-h05h,(«<fa<.) 
nufuz, (as medicine) sari'u-t-taslr. 

Penetration, dakhl, daramad, sanchar, 
(acuteness, sagacity) zaka, firasat, rasa'I. 

Penguin, ek kism ki samundari chiriya. 

Peninsula, jazira, kondhii (?). 

Penis, laura, falana, nafs, land, khutka : — 
puerilis, nuni. phunno. 

Penitence, pachbtawa, tauba, nadamat. 



2348 



PER 



Peiotent, (a((;.)pasheman, ta'ib, mustaglifir, 
(mbst.) taub.a-gar : to be — , pachtana. 

Penknife, kalam-tarash, bakiya, chakii. 

Penman, khattat, khushnawis, {author) mu- 
sannif. Penmanship, likhne ka ilm ya 
hunar ya taur, khusb-nawisi. 

Pennant, jabaz par bbari cbiz uthane ki 
rassl, {farj) dhaja, pharahra. 

Penniless, khali-hath, muflis, kangal. 

Pen-NY, ek kism ka angrezi paisa, taka. 

Pennyweight, chaubis ratti ka ek wazn. 

Peg, piece of bone or bamboo on which Pens 
are cut, kattzan, mikatt. 

Pension, bandhan, jlka, wazifa, wajha, rizk. 

Pensioner, wazifa-dar, jaglr-dar, bandhanl. 

Pensive, mutafakkir,fikrmand,muta'animil. 

Pensiveness, fiknnandl, {nadness) udasl. 

Pent, bandhil hu'a, band. 

Pentagon, panj-gosha, mukbammas, shakl- 
-i-panj-gosha. Pentagonal, Pentan- 
gular, panjgosha-dar, panch-kona. 

Pentameter, nazm ki ek balir. 

Pentapetes phcenicea, do-pahriya. 

PENTATEUCH,taurIt.PENTECOST,ld-i-Usbu'. 

PENTHOusE,saya-ban,dhaba,usara. [hai. 

Penumbra, nimsaya jo gaban ke wakt parta 

Penurious, kbasis,bakhil,tangdil,tangdast. 

Penuriousness, kanjusi, khissat. tangdili. 

Penury, iflas, muflisi, tihidasti, killat,kasht. 

People, log, lok, kbala'ik. praja, admi, 
ashkbas, {nation) millat, tabar, {tribe, 
sect) kaum, umraat; — of alt sorts, bazarl 
bazari, aball mawall : — of the meanest 
condition, hasho: — of rank or quality, 
akabir, kbawass : to — , basana, abad i. 

To be Peopled, basna. 

Pepper, pilpil, filfil, mirch : black — , kali 
mirch, gol mirch : Chili — , mircba, mir- 
cba'i: lonrj — , pTpal, {dakh.) pipli: red 
or Cayenne — , lal-mirch, gachh-mirch : 
— box, niirch-danl. 

Peppermint, podina, na'na': — water, 
arak-i-na"na". Per, fi. 

Peradventure, sbayad, mabada, ittiffikan. 

To Perambulate, sair k., phirna, phirta 
rahna. Perambulating, (»Mi*<.)mas'b, 
doldol : — streets, kucha-gardi. 

PEBAMBULATioN,sair,gasht,phera,bhraman. 

To Perceive, (see)dekhna,bilakhna, {know) 
samajhna, daryaft *., cbetna, janna. 

Perceived, {adj.) mal.isus, gocbari. 

Perceiving, {adj.) muttali", chaitanya. 

Perceptibility, daryaft-paziri, kabiliyat-i- 
-idrilk. Perceptible, mahsus, ijahir, 
namiid. Perceptibly, zabiran. 

Perception, dark, chet,samajh,bujh,idrak. 

Perch, {fish) gantha (?), {for birds) adda, 
chakkas, {measure) igarah hath kl paima'- 
isb ; to — , chakkas par baithna. 

Perchance, shayad, ittifakan, kazakar. 



PER 

To Percolate, chhrinna, saf i. 
To be Percolated, chhaima. 
Percolation, chbana'o, chhanaT. 
Percussion, zarb, mar, takkar, sadma. 
Perdition, kbarabi, tabahi, halak, fana. 
Perdix chinensis, lawa : — francolinus, 
titar ; — olivacea, bater ; — ntfa or 
chnkar, chakor. 
ToPeregrinate, safari., phima,tDusafaratA. 
PEREGRiNATioN,iiiusafarat,siyahat,gbiirbat. 
Peremptorily, albatta, yaklnan, zaruratan. 
PEREMPTORiNESS,teh,teha,kati'at,istihkani, 
Peremptory, kafi", la-radd, atal, zahir, saf. 
Perennial, pa'edar, derpa, mudami, da'im. 
Perfect, kamil,pura,puran,tamam, {fault- 
less) be-aib, nir-dokbl, {pure) pak, barl, 
tabir, a-pap, sabib-kamal. 
ToPerfect, tamam k., puran k., nibahna, 
niberna,sama. Perfected, (arf;'.)samapt. 
Perfecting, {subst.) itmam, ikmal. 
Perfection, tamami, samapti, {excellence) 
fazllat, kamiil. Perfectly, bi-1-kull, 
ba-ilvhtitam, hu-ba-hu, bi-aini-hi. 
Perfidious, be-wafa, namak-harara, dbotii, 

chbali, gbadd.ir, daghabaz, khota. 
Perfidiously, be-wafa'T se, khiyanat se. 
Perfidy, khiyanat, namakbarami, gbadr. 
roPERFORATE,bedhna,chhedna,salna,garona 
Perforated, {adj.) mnshabbak : to be — , 
bidhnii, chhidnii. Perforation, bidha- 
wat, {hole) rakhna, sal, bedh, ebbed. 
Perforce, zor se, ba-zor, jabran. 
7'oPERFORM,karna,ada*.,baja-lana, banana, 
sarna,sadhana, nibahna, niberna,(a;07^rttpy) 
kat" k., {a promise) wafa k. 
Performance, ada, ifa, ijra, nibah, {work) 
tasnif, {in com/ios.) pardazi. Performed, 
{adj.) karda, mu'adda: to be — , ada h. 
Performer, karta, fa'il, {musical) sazinda, 
{in compos.) hara. Performing an en- 
gagement or promise, nibah, wafa. 
Perfume, khi.ish-bo, subiis, atr, sugandh, 
mahak, bakhur : to — , (u. n.) mahakna, 
{v.a.) basna, raahkana, dhupna. 
Perfume-box, atr-dan. Perfumed, {adj.) 
inu'attar,basi. Perfumer, attar, gandhi, 
atr-farosh : business of a — , attari. 
Perfumes, abkhira: mixture of — , flour, 

S(C. to rub the body with, uptan. 
Perhaps, shayad, magar, kadachit, hoga. 
Pericranium, kasa-i-sir ka parda. 
Perigee, asman ka wuh makan jahai'i aftab 
ya ko'i saiyara zamin ke markaz se naz- 
dlktarin ho. Perihelium, saiyaron kl 
gardish ki rah ka wuh makan jahau se 
saiyiira siiraj se nazdiktarin ho. 
Peril, kbatra, bim, jokhim, chinta. 
Perilous, kbatar-niik, pur-bim, kbauf-nak. 
PERioD,daiir,naubat, gardish, (/ime)zamana, 
ahd, {end) akhirat,anjam, («cn/ence)jumla, 



PER 

fikra : — for payment of a debt, ajal: — 

of life, umr. 
Periodical, naubati, mausimi, fasli. 
Periodically, mukarrar wakt par. 
Periods, adwar. Periphery, gird, gher. 
Peripneumony, zatu-r-riya, dard-i-shush. 
To Perish, halak h., mama, {decay) bi- 

nasna, jata rahna. Perishable, fani, 

be-baka, na-pa'edar, cbanchal. 
Perishableness, be-baka'I, na-pa'edaii. 
PERisHED(a(7;.)zri'i'. PERiSHiNG(af//.)za'il. 
PERisTYLE,usara.PERiTONEUM,pet ka parda 
To Perjure oneself, jbiitbi kasam khana. 
Perjurer, hanis. 
Perjury, jhfithi kasam, half ke sath jh&thl 

shahiidat. Periwig, jhuthe balon ki topi. 
Periwinkle, ghonga. Permanence, 

PERMANENCY,baka,kiyam,sabat,pa'edarI. 
Permanent, baki, derpa, pa'edar, da'im, 

ka'im,sabit. PERMANENTLY,pa'edari se. 
Permissible, ijazati, riza-pazlr. 
Permission, ijazat,riza,nikhsat,parwanagi. 
Permit, chhar-chitthl, rawanna, nikasi ki 

cbitthi, parwana : to — , ijazat (f., dena, 

rukhsat k., miinna. 
Permitted, mujauwaz, ja'jz, mura khkh as. 
Permitting, {adj.) mujauwiz. 
Permutation, iwaz, tabdil. 
Pernicious, muzirr, miizi, fasid, zabun. 
Perniciously, fasad se, ziyankari se. 
Perniciousness, mazarrat, fasad. 
Peroration, Miatima. 
Perpendicular, {adj.) khara, ka'im, saral, 

{subst.) aniiid, bhuj, khatt-i-amiid. 
TbPERPETRATE,irtikabX:.,kamana,machana. 
To be Perpetrated, macbna. 
Perpetrating, Perpetrator, murtakib. 
PERPETRATiON,irtikab,bad kam A.,bad-fi"ir. 
Perpetual, da'im, mudami, istimrari, baki. 
Perpetually, nit, hamesha, sada, sarbada. 
ToPerpetuate, abadi k., da'jm rakhna. 
Perpetuity, dawam, haraeshagi, da'imi. 
To Perplex, pareshiin k., dikk k., hairan *. 
Perplexed, mutaraddid, mushauwasb, pa- 

reshan, byakul, hairan, {difficult) mushkil, 

dushwar: — affairs, ukda: to be — , ghab- 

rana,arbarana,phansna,(//aA'A,)anmanana. 
Perplexing, {adj.) jhanjhati, shakki. 
Perplexity, pareshani,jhanjhat,ghabrii hat, 

{difficulty) tasdi', pech, mihnat, phanda. 
PERauisiTE, yfift. PERftuisiTES, umdaui. 
Perry, nashpati ke arak ki sharab. 
ToPersecute, pichhe parna, kbedna, {trou- 
ble) satana, taklif d.: — to the uttermost, 

dar pai-i-jan h. 
PERSECUTiON,ta5di"(i.,iza-dihT:reW^O!« — , 

ta'a??ub. Persecutor, jafakiir, sitamgar. 
Persepolis, chihal-sitiin, chihal-manfir. 
PEBSEVEBANCK,tamadi,istimrar,utsrdi,dhun 
To Persevere, istiklal bandhua, thaharna. 



PER 

Persevering (a(7;.)musirr,mutamatli,ka'im 
Pbrsevebingly, istiklalse, istimrfirse. 
Persia, Ii-an, pars, faris, ajam. Persian, 
Iranl,fiirsl,ajami: — language, farsi, parsi: 
— scholar, fiirsT-wala: — running hand, 
shikasta ; a — , parsi, irani, fUrsI. 
roPERSiST,istiklalbandhna,istimrari.,543. 
Persistence, dhun, istiklal, israr. 
Persisting, {adj.) musirr. 
PERSON,shakhs,jan,jana,kas,nafar,(/(/!»-e) 
haikal, tan, kaya, surat, shakl: {ingrain.) 
first — , mutakallim: second — , hazir, 
mukhafab: third — , gha'jb. 

Personable, didaru, dhajlla, khubsurat. 

Personage, barashakhs, umdashakhs. 

Personal, shakbsl, khass, nij, {property) 
jangam. Personality, shaklisiyat, {re- 
^ee<t'on)kisikanain zikr karke ta'na mama. 

Personally, khud, ap, bi-z-zat. 

T'oPERSONATE,surat banana,nakl lana,banna 

Personification, majaz-akli. 

To Personify, farzi adml banana. 

Perspective, (sw55/. glass) dur-bin, nazara, 
{science) ilm-i-nakkash! jis men nazdikl- 
-o-durlbara'i-o-kaml sab wajibi se surat- 
-basta ho, {adj.) ilm-i-manazir se mu- 
ta'allik : study of — , ilm-i-maraya. 

PERSPiCACioiis,tez-nazar,zud-bin,tez-fahra 

Perspicacity, teznazari,tezhoslii,ziidfahmI. 

Perspicuity, sbaflFafi, safa'i, salasat, asani. 

Perspicuous, saf, shafiaf, {easy) sails, asan. 

Perspiration, pasTna,arak,bukhar, pase'o. 

7'oPERSPiRE,pasIjna,pasmanikalna,(/»-ee/^) 
kho'I nikalna. 

To Persuade, manana, matrana, bujhana. 

Persuaded, mustamfd: to be — ,yakmjanna. 

Persuader, mubarrik,salal.>-kar, muragbib. 

PERSuASTON,mana'o,salahkarT,(oyjmiOH)mat 

Persuasive, mu'assir, targhlbi, saliib-tasir. 

Pert, shokb, rthith, hazir-jawab, gustakli. 

To Pertain, alaka rakhna, nisbat rakhr.a, 
milna. Pertaining, {adj.) lahik. 

Pertinacious, magra, hathi, macbla. 

Pertinaciously, magra'i se, machla'i se. 

Pertinacity, magra'i, machla'i, hath. 

Pertinence, shayastagi, munasabat, liyakat. 

Pertinent, munasib, shayasta, ma'kul. 

Pertly, shokhi se, dhitha'i se, gustakhi se. 

PERTNESS,shokh!,dhitha'i,machla'!,gustakhi 

To Perturb, Perturbate, pareshaa k., 
muztarib k. Perturbation, ghabrahat, 
bekali, Ijairani, bharak, iztirab, ashuftagi. 

Perturbed, {adj.) muztarib, ashufta, bekal. 

To Pervade, byapna, paithna, phailna. 

Pervading, {adj.) siirl, {subst.) nafz, nufuz. 

Perverse, machla, ziddi, tirchha, kaj-dila, 
matha, marid, hathila: to be — , machalna. 

Perversely, hath se, zidd se, machla'i se. 

Perverseness, inad, terlii, kajrau'i, hath. 

Perversion, ulta'i, bargashtagi, inkilab. 



PHI 

To Pervert, ultana, {corrupt) bigarna. 
Perverting a meaning, (af/;.) kaj-fahm. 
Pervious, kabil-i-nufuz. 
Peruke, balon ki topi. 
PERUSAL,rautala'a,path: careful — ,charcha. 
To Peruse, mutfda'a k., parhna, sair k. 
Pessary, bujna, shaffa, kursuf, lolna (?). 
PEST,waba,(a;);a^Me)wabal,janjal,fitna,bala. 
To Pester, tasdi" d., satana, khijana, iza d. 
Pesterer, miizi, mukallif. 
Pesthouse, waba ka shifa-khana. 
Pestiferous, Pestilential, waba-awar, 
sirayati, mufsid, zabfm: — wind, samum. 
Pestle, dasta, sonta, kutak, miisal, lorhii. 
Pet, {anger) jhanjh, khafagi, {darling) larla. 
Petal, pakhri, pankhri, ward. 
Petiole, danthal. 

Petition, arz, darkhwast, iltimas, guzarish, 

{written) arzl, nibedaa, wajibu-l-arz, 

{prayer) du'a, niyaz : to — , iltimas k., arz- 

-ma''ruz k., {solicit) mangna. 

Petitioner, arz-karnewala, arzi-wjlla, {for 

justice) dad-khwah. 
Petrifaction, patthar h., pathrahat. 
7'oAePETRiFiED,pathrana: — with astonish- 
men<,kath h. To Petrify, (p.a.) patthar 
k., sakht k., {v. re.) pathrana. 
Petticoat, ghanghera, ghaghra, saya, la- 
hanga i — government, tiriya-raj : — 
interest, izarbandi rishta. 
Pettish, hathila, chirchira, zud-ranj , tunuk- 

-mizaj : to be — , hathna, rag charhna. 
Pettishness, chirfliir,"Ii;il, (uiuik-mizaji. 
Petty, (s)naH)cliliotri. iIh.ij. ■ ///r/;„ ikamina. 
PETULANCE.chirdiirriliji , <i!iilli:Vi, Ije-adabi. 
Petulant, chirchira, magra, shukh, gustakb. 
Pew, girje men juda juda baithne ke liye 
gheri hii'i jagah. Pewter, jast, rang, 
rupjast. Pewterer, kasera. 
Phaeton, char-pahiya-dar ek taur ki gari. 
Phagedenic ulcer, ghurghura. 
Phalanx, ghol, tuman, jatha, guroh. 
Phantasm, Phantom, namud-i-bebud, 
khayal-i-batil,bhut,chhaya,surat-i-wahmi. 
Pharaoh, fir'aun. 
Pharisaical, riyakar, zahiri dindar. 
Pharmacology, dawii-sazi. 
Pharmacopeia, ma'jfin-nama. 
Pharmacy, dawa-sazi, ilm-i-adwiya, attari. 
Pharnacecm mollugo, gumfi. 
Pharos, manara, fanus. 



PIC 



2349 



radiatus. 






mungo. 



mung, {dakh.) uriid. PHEASANT.tadarv. 
Phenomenon, ajab, khark-i-adat. 
PHiAL,sbishi. PHiLANTHROPisT,insan.dost. 
Philanthropy, insandosti. 
Philologist, ahl-i-sarf-o-naho, byakarani. 
PHiLOLOGicAL,ilra-i-sarf-o-nahosemuta'al- 

lik. PHiLOLOGY,ilm-i-sarf-o-naho,ka'ida. 
Philosopher, hakim, failsiif,falsafT, miibid. 

8 H 



Pnii.osopHERS, hukama, falasifa. 
Philosopher's stone, aksir, paras. 
PHiLosoPHiCAL,hakimana,hikmat-mansub. 
Philosophy, hikmat, hikmat-i-amali. 
Philter, totka, latka, mantar, mohani. 
Phlebotomist, liajjam, rag-zan, fassad. 
To Phlebotomize, nashtar lagana. 
PHLEBOTOMY,fas?adi,nashtar-zani,rag-zani. 
Phlegm, balgham, kaf. 
Phlegmatic, balghami, (rfwi/) sard-mizaj. 
Phlomis, ghumra. 

Phcenix, huma, anka, kuknus, kuknus : — 
dactylifera, khajQr, {fruit of it) chhuhirS, 
khurma ; — silvestris, khajur. 
Phosphorus, ek chiz jo hawa ke lagne se 

jalti hai. 
Phrase, istilah,ibarat,mustalah,bat,sangya. 
Phraseological, istilahi. 
Phraseology, muhawara, ibarat. 
Phrenitis, josh-i-maghz, diwanagi, sauda. 
Phrensy, junun, sarsam, diwanagi, sauda. 
Phthisical, maslul, madkuk, chbai-kari. 
PHTHisis,sill,chhai-rog,raj-rog,nafsu-d.dam 
Phyllanthus cheramela, harpharauri : — 
emblica, amla, anola: — mullijturus, 
{dakh.) kala mahmad. 
VaYsxi.is flexuosa, asgandh. 
Physic, dawa, iliij, darii: practice of — , 

tababat, fabibi, baida'i. 
Physical, {natural) tab'!, zati, {medical) 
tibbi,tibb ka. Physician, hakim, tabib, 
mu'alij, nabbaz, baid, mishar: attendance 
of a — , chikitsa : business of a ■ — , t.abibi. 
Physicians, atibba, hukama. 
Physicking, {subst.) chikitsa. 
Physics, ilm-i-hikmat, ilm-i-maujiidat. 
Physiognomist, kiyafa-dan, samudriki. 
Physiognomy, firasat, ilm-i-kiyafa, samu- 
drik : conjecturing from — , {adj.) mu- 
khaiyil ; judging from — , (s«4s/.) tafarrus. 
Physiological, ilm-i-maujudat se muta'- 

-fdlik. Physiology, ilm-i-maujiidat. 
Pia-mater, parda-i-maghz. 
Pick, Pickaxe, kudal, kudra, gainti, motki. 
To Pick, {choose, select) chunna, lena, ni- 
kalna, intikhab *., {clean) saf k., {eat 
stott>ty)ahista khana : — a lock,ta\a. kholna, 
{a pocket) jeb katarna, {the teeth) khodna. 
Picked, (arf;.)chida: to be — ,binna,chhatna. 
Pickle, Pickles, namkin pani, acbar : to 

— , achar banana. 
Picklock, tala kholne ki alat, jo shakhs kufi 
khole. Pickpocket, jeb-katra, uchakka. 
Pictorial, munakkash, kliincha hii'a. 
Picture, taswir, chitr, naksh, nigar, shabih, 
murat: — gallery, taswir-khana, nigar- 
istan, chitr-sala : — gallery of Mint, 
arzhang : — on wood, katkana. 
PicTUREsauE, naksh-numa, taswir-siirat. 
Picus, kath-phora, patthar-phor. 



2350 



PIL 



To Piddle, tiingna. Pie, sambosa. 

Piebald, chitla, ablak, chittidar. 

Piece, {hit) tukra, tukra, lakht, tiik, purza, 
pfira, reza, {composilion) insha : — al 
backgammon,chess,S(c., got: — by — , tar- 
-tar: — of cloth, parcha, than: — {of coin) 
than: — of fruit, phank: — of flesh, 
chhichhra,tikka : — of wood cut q^.chhe'o: 
— used in playing chaupar, sar: — of 
ordnance, z&rh-i-to'p: to — , jorna,paiwand 
k., {enlarge) barhana, tawil k. 

PiECEMEAL(a(?/.)juda,re2areza,(a(;!).)tar-tar 

Pieces, in Pieces, reza reza : in small — , 
chakna-chur. 

Pied, bukalamun. Pier, situn, khambha. 

To Pierce, {v.a.) chhedna, bedhna, salna, 
garona,(w.n.)salna,cbubhiia : — a tar tree, 
chhe'ona. To be Pierced, chubhna, 
chhidna, bidhna, dhasnS. 

Piercer, chhe'oni, chhenl, barma. 

PiERCixG,(a^'.)tez,tund,(y«i*^.)nafaz,nafz, 
nufuz. PiERCiXGLY, tezi se, sakhti se. 

Piety, takwa, neki, ittika, bhagta'T, diyanat. 

PiG,ghenta,su'ar, (of metal) sarI,pharaundT : 
to — , byana, janna, bachcha lana. 

Pigeon, kabutar, kapot, hamam, parewa: 
green — , hariyal: kind of — , gola, abyari, 
asawarl, pa'e-moz, topra,jalaliya, miikhl, 
jogiya,do-palka,dobaz,rumali,sabz-dhuma, 
surkha,guUI, lakka: tumbler — ,mandaliya, 
ghirni : young — , kabutar-bacha. 

PiGEONHODSE,kabuk,kabuk,kabutar-khana. 

Box or nest for Pigeons, kabuk: certain 
kind of eye among — , moti-ehur : cloth 
tied to the end of a pole to direct the flight 
of — ,lattl: one who rears — , kabutar-baz. 

Pigment, rang, raughan. 

Pigmy, ba'ona, kotah-kadd. 

Pignut, {of the West Indies) mung-phali. 

Pike, neza, garhiya, bhala, {fish) ek kism ki 
machhli. PiKEMAN,bhale-bardar,bhi"dait. 

Pikestaff, fuladi, chhar, neze ka dasta. 

Pilaster, situn-i-murabba', chaukona 
thamba. Pilcher, ek kism ki machhli. 

Vii.v.,{?ieap) dher, ambar, toda,(^o*/) stambh, 
(4ui'Hinjr)imarat,(na/;)ro'ei'i.khwab: — of 
water-pots,]ch3x: funeral — , chita, chita- 
kha: to light the funeral — , dah d. : to — , 
pat.na,chapana,thopna,tah-ba-tah k.: to — 
arma, kenchi bandhna. 

Piles, bawasir, babesi: disease arising from 
the blind — , (dakh.) mrdam. 

To Pilfer, le-rahna, mi'isna, churana. 

PiLFERER,utha'i gira,uchakka,chor,chot(a. 

Pilgrim, saiyab, za'lr, jatri, atith: — to 
Mecca,hajii. Pilgrimage, jiitra, ziyarat, 
siyaljat, (<o M?cca)hajj, umra: engogedin 
the — to Mecca, muhrim : place of — , 
tirth, chl)etr. JRodg of Pilgrims going 
to visit a saint's tomb, medni. 



PIP 

Pill, babb, goli. 

PiLLAGE,lut,ghammat,Iut-pat: to — , liltna, 
lit-pat k. Pillager, lutera, pindfiril. 

Pillar, rukn, thambh, lath, khamba, situn, 
stambh, fil.paya, te'oki, thamba, thuni : 
baseofa — ,{dakh.)kaTsi. Pillars, arkan. 

Pillory, chambar-i-gardan, shakha, 558. 

PiLLOW,takiya,balish,usTsa,balin: — under 
a saddle, siindka : large — , gaw-takiya : 
round — for the neck or cheek, gird- 
-balish, girda, gal-takiya, kapol-gendu*a. 

Pillow-case, takiye ka ghilaf. 

Pilot, manjhi, mu'allim, ra'is, arkati, 1578. 

Pilotage, arkati ka kam, {pay) arkati ka 
kiraya. Pimp, bharQ'a, kaltaban, kutna: 
wages of a *-, kutna'i. 

Pimpinella anistim, anisiin, saunf. 

Pimping, bharii'a'i, kutnapa, (adj.) chhota. 

Pimple, baltor,phuriya, phunsi, chhala, 589. 

Pin, (peg) khunta, khunti, mismar, watid, 
{small, used in clothing) su'i, alpin, kanta: 
— for fastening a boat, khataw: iron — , 
tank : large — , chohla : to — , (fasten) 
bandhna, mazbiit k. , (join) jornii. 

Pincers, sandasi, sangsi, gahwa, muchna. 

Pinch, noch, chutki, (hards/tip) tangi, 
sakhti : — ofsmiff, nas ki chutki : to — , 
chutki lena, chiintna, mijchna, nochna, 
(be frugal) tangi k. : to — one's belly, pet 
katna. Pinchbeck, panchrasi (?). 

To be Pinched, nuchna. 

Pincushion, kanta ya su'i rakhne ki gaddi. 

Pine, sanaubar: to — , murjhana, tut rahna, 
jhurna, chhijna, sukhna, kurhna. 

Pine apple, anannas: madelike a — ,anannasi 

PiNFOLD,janwaron ke band rakhne ka ihata. 

Pining, (subst.) ta'assuf, hurka. 

Pinion, bal, janah, guddi, par, (cojr)chakkar 
ka dant : to — , mushken bandhna, ja- 
karna, guddi bandhna. 

Pink, (flower) gul-i-machak (?), (colour) 
patal, gulabi rang. 

Pinmoney, pan-kharch (?). 

Pinnace, ek taur ki nii'o, parewa. 

Pinnacle, kangura, kalas, (summit) chonti, 
sar, auj. Pint, karib adh ser. 

PiNUS longifolia, saral, 941. 

Pioneer, bel-dar, luniya, mazdur. 

Pious, muttaki, bhaktiwant, zaki, dharmi, 
arif, sildhii, sant: — action, sat-kiir, sat- 
-karam : — »!an,?ahib-dil : — men, sulaha. 

PiousLY,arifana,takawat sckhuda-parasti se 

Pip, ganjife ki bind, murghoi'i ki ek bimfiri : 
to — , chiriyii ki si awaz k., chun-chui'i k. 

Pipe, (tube) mori, nali, chhuchhi, nal, (dakh.) 
pani'da, (cask) pipa, (for smoking) hukka, 
dami,gurguri,(rfa*A.)kalki,(mM*!ra/)nri'e, 
nai, alghuza, murli, bansi, ben, pungi. 

Pipeclay, khari. 

Piper, bheri, shahna'i-chi. 



PLA 

Piper betle, nag-bd: — cubeba, kababa, 

kabab-cbiai: — longum, pipal, (dakh.) 

pippll: root of — betle, kulijan. 
Pipkin, tambalu, karu'a, lota, handi, 303. 
Pippin, ek kism ka seb. 
Piquant, tez, hadd. 

PiauE, bezarl, khafagl, hasad, kina, bughz. 
To PiauE, khijana, khafa k., ranjida k. 
PiauET, (guard) tilawa, karawal, lom. 
Piracy, samundar par ki dakaiti, dakaiti. 
Pirate, samundar ka dakait, dakait, dfdcu. 
Pisces, (the sign) hut, samak, min. 
Piscivorous, mahi-khor. 
Pish ! uf,phish,hisht. PiSMiRE,cbInti,mor. 
Piss,peshab,baul,mut,5hasha: to — .miitna, 

peshab k., istinja k. : inclination to ■ — , 

mutas. PissABED, mutna. 
Pissing, (j«d«<.)pisab : desirous of — .mutasa 
Pistachio nut, pista. Pistol, tabancha, 

tamancha, tamancha: to fire a — , tabancha 

marna. Piston, lureiitha (.'). 
Pit, chah,gliar,gara,khoh,khat,ka"b, garha, 

gauchi, maghak : — of water, dabra-dahra. 
Pitapat, dhardharahat, dhukdhuki, tapish. 
Pitch, kir, ral, (dakh.) kil, (degree) naubat, 

(state) halat : dark as — , ghup : soft — , 

sift : to this — , yahan tak. 
To Pitch, (fix) bar-pa *., khara A., giirna, 

(throw forivard) phenk d., dalna, (fall) 

girna, parna, (upon) pasand k., thahraiia, 

(smear with pitch) dhiipna, ral lagana : — 

tents, tambii tanna. 
To be Pitched, (raised) ba-pa h. 
Pitcher, gharii, jarra, sabu, sabiicha, mita. 
Pitchfork, jandra. Pitching a tent, 

(adj.) mukhim, (subst.) takhaiyum. 
PiTCHY', kir-sa, kir-giin, (dark) andhera. 
PiTCOAL, zamin se khodii hii'a ko'ela. 
Piteous, dard-angez, dard-amez, dard-nak. 
PiTEOusLY, dardangezi se. 
Pitfall, dahak, chor-garha, oba. 
Pith, maghz.guda, (mgour)zor,\ur,{essmice) 

s5r. Pithiness, zorawari, mazbiiti. 
Pithless, a-sar, kam-zor, sitha, jhathii. 
Pith Y,pur.maghz, mazbiit : — saying ,n\ikta. 
Pitiable, raljm ke kabil, dard-angez. 
Pitiful, dardmand,shafik,(»!ean)piiji,hakir. 
Pitifully, dardmandi se,(mean/y)p!ijiyana. 
Pitiless, be-dard, na-tars, be-rahm, kur. 
PiTSAW, arra, karant, painari (?). 
PiTTANCE,kaf!if,wazifa. Pitted, kir-khfiya. 
PiTY,taralihum,pir,maroh,marhaniat,rahin, 

dard,mriyii,moh : to — , tars khana,tarasnii, 

rabm khaiia, dard khanii. 
Pivot, chul, kilii, khunta. 
Placable, mula'im, Ijalim, narm, salim. 
Placard, iz'har-niima, ishtihfir-niima. 
PLACE,jagah,inakiin,n)auza'',jil, jii'e, thaiir, 

tbiinw, mauka", (abode) niakiim, inaball, 

dhara,thikiina,nidhan,(raHi)inartabo,paya, 



PLA 



PLA 



PLE 



2351 



(office) rihda,mansal»,(/» com/;os. )grih,gah, 
stan.istan, sal, sala, kliana, dan,dani,war, 
warl, kada ; in — , (adj.) ba-ja, bar-ja: in 
the same — as before, jahan ka tahan : in 
the very same — , yahan ka yahin : in this 
very — , yahin, yihln : without — or abode, 
(the Deity) la-makan: to — , rakhna.baith- 
anii, dharna, dharna, lagana, thahrana: to 
— in order, chunna. 

Placenta, puren, lijhrl. 

Pi.ACER,(m compos.)m\i. Places, amakin. 

Placid, halim, narm, komal. 

Placidity PLACiDNESs,narmi,liiIm,komalta 

Placing, (subst.) sthapan, dharan, (adj.) 
nasib, wazi", (in compos.) nih. 

PLAGiARiSM,tasnif-chorI,saril<a,ibarat-chon 

Plagiary, sarik, tasnif-duzd, ibarat-chor. 

PLAGUE,wabal,janjal,(/)es<!7race)raahamari, 
waba : to — , tasdi" d., satana, chherna. 

Plaguing, (arfj.) mutasaddi". Plaid, gatl. 

Plain, (subst.) maidan, chaugan, musattah, 
mizmar, hamun, arsa, sahra, (adj. level) 
yak -saTi,bar-a-bar,bamwar, (evident)7^hir, 
5shkara,(Aome?y)sada, be-sakhta, (sincere) 
khara,sachcha,saf: to — ,barabari.,garhna. 

Plain-dealer, saf-dil, sada-dil, nikhot. 

Plain-dealing, saf-dill,sada-dill,rast-bazl. 

Plainly, sarihan,zahiran,(Aones%)rasti se. 

Plainness, (evenness) hamwaii, barabari, 
(clearness) safa'i, (rasme«s)salasat,suhulat, 
(simplicity) sadagi, besakhtagi. 

Plain-speaking, (subst.) tor -phor, tor-tar. 

PLAiNSPOKEN,talkhgo,jibhrira,darida-dahan 

Plaint, duha'7, girya, faryad, nala, nanha. 

Plaintiff, faryadi, mudda'i, nalishi, da'wi- 
-dar, dad-kliwah. badi: — and defendant, 
chor dhor. 

Plaintive, nalan, giryan, liazin, gham-gin. 

Plait, parat, pech, tab, tab, gharl, chin. 

To Plait, tab jamana,cbunna,(ira!d)gundh- 
na, bendhna. Plaited, gutbwan: to be 
— , guthna, gundbna, (dakh.) banthna. 

Plaiter, uttu-kasb, uttii-gar: — of clothes, 
urtu-gar. Plaiting, (subst.) chunawat, 
gundhawat, gundhan. 

Plaits, chunat : — of clothes, uttu, urtu. 

Plan, (scheme) mansuba, tajwiz, bandish, 
(sietch, model) naksha, kbaka, dhancha, 
rasm: to — , tajwiz i., bandhna, upa'e k. 

Plane, (tool) randa, randil, (tree) cbanar : 
to — ,rolna,hamwari.,(M)00(f) randa chalana 

Planet, saiyara, khe-cbar, grab, najm: — 
struck, falak-zada: bom under a lucky — , 
nakhatrl: lucky — , subha-graha: unlucky 
— , naljs. The seven Planets, sab'a 
saiyara: tivo fortunate — , sa*dain. 

Plank, takbta. lauh, patra, pat, sill: — on 
which washermen beat clothes, pat, pata : 
to — , taklita-bandi k. 

PLANT,nabat,shajar,per,birw:'i,nakhl,paudba, 



nihal: young — , fresh shoot or branch nf 
a — , naudha, nilial. 

To Plant, (set) baithalna, lagana, rotnpna, 
ropna, ( place) dharna, rakhna : a colony, 
abadi h., basti(f..- — slips or cuttings, 
kalam lagana : — trees, per lagana. 

Plantago ispaghula, ispagliol. 

Plantain, (herb) Usanu-1-hamal, (fruit or 
<>'pe)kela, maiiz, kadall, (<rce)mocha: kind 
of — , champa-kela, kachkela : new leaf 
springing from the centre of a — /ree,gabha 

TJkkcAo/Plantains, ghaud, ghaur, ghaur. 

Plantation, nakhl-bandi, (colony) abadl. 

Planter, ko'eri,naldil-band, rompan-hara. 

Plaster, kho'a, ahak, rekhta, lewas, gach, 
(salve) lep.malham : a — , marhara, zamad, 
phaha, (dakh.) molam : — made with coiv- 
-dung, gobri: to — , potna, lesna, lepna, 
lagana,pberna,tbopna. Plastered over, 
(in compos.) andiid: to be — over, lipna. 

PLASTERER,kas-gar. Plastering, (swis/.) 
astarkarl, puta'I, lesales, lepalep: price 
paid for — , puta'i. 

To Plat, gundbna, gflndna, bendhna. 

Plate, (dish) basan, bartan, bhajan, tabak, 
sahnak, rikfib, rikabi, rikebl,kathra, kath- 
autj , (wrought silver) zuriif-i-simi,zuriif-i- 
-nukra'i.chandl: — or dish made of leaves, 
panwara, pattal : — of metal, pattar: — to 
throw scraps, bones, Sfc, on, sifla-dan: 
brass — for beating time, ghariyal: round 
— on which bread is rolled, chakla. 

T'oPLATE,marhna,mulainma'i.,magbarraki. 

Plated, (a(f;.) mugharrak, raularama': — 
with gold, zar-anduda, 2ar-nigar. 

Plate-licker, kiisa-les. 

Plater, mulamma*-saz. 

Platform, sath, machan, chhat, sakf, 
macha, maneh, cbabiitara. 

Platina, dhat ki ek kism. 

Plating, (subst.) mulamma'-sazi. 

Plato, aflafun, falatun. 

Platonic, aflatuni, (pure) pak, saf. 

Platoon, sipahiyon kii guroh, ghol, paltan. 

Platter, tasht, tagbar, thali, kathra, 1638. 

PLAusiBiLiTYcharb-zabani.numa'ish-i-rastl 

Plausible, charb-zabiin, numa'ishi. 

Plausibly, cbarbzabanlse, zahir-numa'i se. 

PLAY,bazT,khel,kalol,krira,kel,kautuk,la"b, 
lahv-la'b,lIla,(come(?j>,i^e.)pekhna,swang, 
(roowybr 7WO^zon)jumbish,harakat; — of a 
dog or cat with game, Sfc, chhuchbli:yaiV 
• — , rast-bazi : foul — , dagha-bazl. 

To PLAY,kbelna,bazi k.,(act)nak\ k., swang 
lana, (on an instrument) bajana, chherna, 
(toy) ra'o-cha'o k., (trifle) tapato'I k. : — 
loosely,(put off)\ahra.na : — W!tt,khilana, 
halrawna : to cause or allow — , khilana. 

Player, (actor) nakkal, pekhniya, swangi, 
385, {gambler) juwari, kimarbaz, (in com- 



pos.) baz : — at dice, phar-baz, mukamir : 

— on mmic, sazinda, nawaz. 
Playfellow, ham-zad,bam-baz,ham-sinn. 
Playful, chancbal, achpal,lat-pata, tannaz, 

shokh, khilwar: to be — , cbanchalfiiia. 
Playfulness, shokhl, chanchala'I, adipali, 

athkhelI,cboclila,tannazi: — of a child,\a.T. 
Playhouse, nakl-khana, nach ka ghar. 
Playing, (subst.) la'b, lahv, (in compos.) 

nawazi : — in wo<er ,jal-krira : — on music, 

(adj.) nawa-pardaz, (in compos.) nawaz: 

— unfairly, (adj.) kaj-baz. 
PLAYS0ME,khil5r,khUarI,khillu,khel-khil5rI 
Playsomeness, alol kalol, (dakh.) phulerl. 
Plaything, kbilauna, bazlcha, pekhna. 
Plea, (argument) hujjat, balls, dalil, (suit) 

mu'amala, da'wa, (excuse) uzr. 

To Plead, hujjat *., dalil lana. 

PLEADER,wakIl,balihas,takrarI,jawab-suwali 

PLEADiNG,(sMi«<.)mubahasa, hujjat, takrar. 

Pleas ANT, (ajreeoi/e)achchha,khush,khub, 
dil-pazir, subh, subawana, guwara, (cheer- 
ful) khurram. shad, shadman, (witty)ha.n{, 
harriif : — in colour, khush-rang : — to the 
sight, khush-numa: more — , khub-tar. 

Pleasantly, khushl se,khubl se.dilpazirl se. 

Pleasantness, khiibi, latafat, (gayety) 
khushl, shadmanl. Pleasantry, (joke) 
latifa, tanz, 1892, (wit) zarafat, lutf. 

Please God, in sha allahu ta'ala. 

To Please, (v. a.) khush k., razi i., rijhana, 
(v. n.) bhana, pasand ana, achchha lagna. 

Pleased, khush, mudit, mahzQz, shad, shad- 
man,khushniid, khurram, bashshash, tusht, 
prasann, masrur, magan: to be — , bilasna, 
phiil^'., khush A.,rabasna,iTjhna, hulasna : 
to be — toith, (like) prasann k. 

Pleasing, (adj.) khush, khush-ayand, man- 
-raanta,makbul : to be — to, khush-ana : 
to be desirous of — , khatir k.: to find out 
what is — to any one, dH pana. 

Pleasingly, diljiasandi se, man-bha'i se. 

Pleasurable, farah-bakhsh. khush. 

Pleasure, khushl, khurrami, hazz, bhog, 
anand,bilas,lazzat, zauk, sbadi, shadmani, 
rang-ras, surur, shauk-zauk, ishrat, aish, 
farhat, inaza,harsh, (will) marzi, mashiyat, 
(choice) pasand, rljh : good — , khushnudi, 
riza: great — , param-anand : receiving — , 
(adj.) mutalazziz : to lead a life of — , rang 
k. : to take — , or take — in, (v. a.) bi- 
harna : with — , khush! se, zauk se. 

Secret Pleasures, balil'I maze. 

Plebeian, amm, wazi'. 

Plectranthus aromatictis, patthar-chur. 

Plectrum, nakhuna, zakhma. 

Pledge, girau,ka(lilat,rihn,bandhak,gabna: 
to — , gahni dliarna, girau rakhna: to — 
one's word, bachan harna. 

Pledged, (adj.) girwl, gahni, murtahan. 



2352 



PLU 



Pledget, phaha, {dakh.) phaya. 
PLEiADES,parwin,kachpachiya,suraiy5,i688. 
Plenary, pura, tamam, tamal, bhar, kamil. 
PLEXIPOTEXTiABY.wakil-i-mutlak.mukhtar 
Plenitude, purl, pura'J, sen, kamaliyat. 
PLENTiFDL,mutawaffir,wafir,bahutera,i990. 
Plentifully, ba-ifriit: to be produced — , 

phat parna. Plenty, bahutayat, wufur, 

faiz, ifrat, kasrat, {adj.) bas, sarsa, {in 

compos.) sar: in — , (adv.) zi-bas. 
PLEONASM,bayan-i-za'id,bayan-i-mukarrar. 
Plethora, ifrat-i-khun, ifrat-i-akUat : — 

in the vessels of the head, uddhak. 
Plethoric, damawi. 
Pleurisy, bar-sara, jirsiim, zatu-l-jamb. 
PLEURONECTES«o/ra,so/e/sA,(rfaA7i.)khaulI. 
Pliable, Pliant, dam-dfir, chimra, narm. 
PLiABLENESs,PLiANCY,damdarI,chimrahat. 
Pliers, chimta. Plight, hilat, hal, dasa. 
To Plight, girau rakhna, bandhakrf.; — 

one's word, bachan harna. 
Plinth, situnka chau-kona paya. 
TbPLOD,ghotna, mihnat k., [trudge) rengna, 

{learn with difficult;/) mihnat se sikhna. 
Plodder, mihnati, gawdl o mibnati shakbs. 
Plodding, {subsi.) mihnat, {adj.) mihnati 

magar gawdl. 
Plot, {stratagem) chhal-chhidr, fann, fareb, 

(eon«/)!Vacy)gosht,bandish,sa2ish,(«cAe»ze) 

mansaba, {of land) kat'a. 
TbPLOT.bandish bandhna,sazish i.,bandhna. 
Plotter, mansuba-baz, bandishi, sazishi. 
Plover, ek kism ki chiriyii. 
Plough, hal, nagal, kulba, har, {dakh.) 

nangar : driving the — , kulba-rani. 
TV/P LOUGH ,jotna,chasna,chasi., hal chalana. 
PLOUGH-HANDLEPLOUGH-TAiL,riiyam,haris 
Ploughing, {subst.) halwiihl, hala'I, chas, 

liars, kulba-rani, {in compos.) kawl. 
Ploughman, hal-jota,halwaha, kisfin, jotar. 
Ploughshare, phal, tora, chau, bars, nasi. 
Pluck, haiwan ka antar ya kaleja. 
To Pluck, chhinna, chhin lena, khasotna, 

(gather) torna, parana, tor lena, {a fowl) 

banana : — up, ukharna, ukhrana. 
2V)iePLUCKED«;),ukharna,ukharnapukharna 
Plug, thepi, thenthi, datta, dhattha. 
Plum, alu, {raisin) dakh : hog — , aaira : 

wild — , alunj. 
Plumage, bal-o-par, par, pankh. 
To Plumb, sahul se sidlia k., {sound) sahul 

se mapna. Plumbago zeglanica, chltta, 

chita : — rosea {dakh.) Ifd-chitr-mol. 
Plumber, sise kakam karne«ala,rang-bhara 
Plumb-line, sahil, hanjar. 
Plume, par, pankh, (ornament) kalghl: lo — , 

parpahrana,par jharna, {strip offfeathers) 

par ukharna, {adorn) arasta *. 
Plumeria, gul-achin. 
PirMica upon helmets, kangura. 



POI 

Plummet, sahiil, saliol, latkan. 

Plump, motii, motla, gudar : to — , dhar se 

girna ; to ■ — • up, ubharna, mota k. 
Plumpness, mutapa,tazagi,phulawat,ubhar. 
PLUM-PUDDiNG,ek kism ki mitha'i. 
Plunder, lut, gharat. taraj, haran, yaghma, 

gjianimat : to — , IQtna, taraj k., gharat k., 

harna, dakaitl k.: to — and lay waste a 

country, khak siyah k. 
To if Plu n DERED .lutnii : <o cause — .lutwanii. 
Plunderer, lutera, lut-baz, ghanlm, 1466. 
Plundering, {subst.) lutas, lutalut. 
Plunge, (lob,dub,ghot.a,dubkI, chubhkl : to 

— , {dive) ghota d., ghota marna, {rush 

into) daur parna, {thrust in) dal d. 
PLURALbahijbachan,ma fauku-1-wahid, jam' 
Plurality ,kasrat,jam'!yat,adhika'i,bahutat 
Plush, ek kism ka roeiidar kapra. 
Pluto, yama, dharm-raj. 
Ply, lapet, tah, tah, parat, kham, shikan. 
7'oPLY,(/oM)tahana,(jfori^arrf)jidd-o-jahd 

se kam i., mihnat k., {keep busy) mashghul 

rakhna, (Se busy) mashghul h. 
Pneumatics, ilm-i-hawa. 
PoA cynosuroides, kush, dab, darbh. 
To Poach, (corfic) nim-joshi., {steal game) 

shikar ka janwar churana. 
Poacher, shikar-chor, shikar ke janwar ko 

churiine-wala. Pock, goti, abila, chhala. 
Pocket, jeb, khisa, ghoghl, jholl: to — , jeb 

men rakhna, {bear) sahna, bardasht k. 
Pocket-book, chau-pati, dastaki. 
Pock-hole, sitala kadagh, dagh-i-chechak. 
Pock-marked, khodara, chechak-ru. 
Pocky, bawaha, bauha. 
Pod, phali, sengri, chhlmi, cho'a: — of 

cotton, gala: — ofmmk, nafa. 
PoDEX,dubur, hagneti, subbat, kun,mak'ad. 
Poem, kaslda, masnawl, kabita : an amatory 

— , gliazal: name of an epic — , ramayan, 

mahabharat. Poems, ash'ar: book of —, 

dlwan. Poesy, saj' : see under Poetry. 
PoET,sha'ir,kavi,kab,nazmi,nazim: an emi- 

nent — , kabishar : a genuine — , sallmu- 

-t-tab". Poetess, sha'ira. 
Poetical, Poetic, shi'rl, mauzum.mukaffa. 
PoETRY,shi"r,nazm,kabit,kabita,bait-bandi: 

art or practice of — , sha'ir-i : contending 

or excelling in — , (subst.) musha'ara : 

reading — , (subst.) shi'r-khwani. 
Poets, shu'ara: prince of — ,kabishar: meet- 

ing of — , musha'ara, mash'ara. 
PoiGNANCY,tezi,jlial,(a«?)en7y)tundi,hiddat. 
Poignant, Ijadd, tez, (severe) tund, sakht, 

(sarcastic) namkln. 
PoiNCiANAjou/cAemma,krishri-charan,i709 
PoiNT,(fZo<)nukta,kor,bunda,(end)sar,inonI, 

ani, (matter) bat,amr, (quarter) rukh, (de- 

»iyn)inaksad, mat.lab,(nice/y)daklka : of an 

arrow, iiiii.bhal.sinan : — of an ear of com, 



POL 

SfC. .phungi : — o/rfeaM, sakarat-i-maut : — 
of the compass, dis, disa,dig: — of a spear, 
ani, buri, sinan, siil: — of a sword, pipla, 
sinan: — of wit, nviita: at the — of expiring, 
on the — of death, (adj.) jan-ba-lab, ajal- 
-girifta: giving up a — , (adj.) ka'il. 

To Point, (sharpen) tez k., nok-dari., (take 
aim) shast bandhna, ditna, (as a dog), tak 
bandhna: — out, batana, dikhlana. 
Pointed, (adj). nokila, nok-dar, sii'iya! 
one — at, angusht-numa. 

Pointer, batane-wala, (rfoy) shikari kutta. 

Pointers, (Itvo stars in the great bear) gar- 
danak. Pointing, (of a dog) tak. 

ToiNTS,{arguments)ma-wadd:vowel — ,i"rab: 
without — , (a letter) muhmal, muhmala. 

To Poise, tolna, ham-wazn k., barabar k. 

Poison, bis, bish,zahr,samm,halahal,mahur, 
sendhiya, nag : — of a snake, kalkiit : effect 
of a snake's — , lahar: mortal — , halhal. 

To Po!SON,zahr d.,zahr khilana, (one's self) 
zahr khana, (kill by poison) roasmum k., 
(spoil) bigarna, kharab k., {arrows, 8(c.) 
zahr-aliida k. , zahr men bujhana. 

Poisoned, masmiim, zahr-aliid. 

PoisoNOUS,zahr-dar,zahri,sammi,zahr-nak. 

Poke, (Mr!«/)khoncha, dhakka, (iay)thaili. 

To Poke, kurelna, chubhana, (feel for) ta- 
tolna, andherl men talash k. 

Poker, lohe ka danda jis se ag uksate hain. 

Polar, kutbi, kutb-mansub: — star, kutb, 
dhrii, dhrub, jadi. 

Polarity, kutb-numa'i. 

Pole, (staff) laggi, chhar, balli, istada, (for 
measuring) jarib karne ki chob : — of a 
carriage, phar : — of a spear, chhar : — 
of the earth, dhnib : — round which they 
play at the holi, chachar : long — with 
which they impel or steer a boat, khala, 
lagga,balli : north — ,kutb,kutb-i.shimali, 
dhrub, sumeru : south — , kutb-i-janubi. 

PoLEAXE, gandasa, pharsa. 

Polecat, katiir, khatas. 

One-PoLED, (a tent), yak-choba. 

rtt'O-PoLED, (a tent) do-choba. 

Polestar, see under PoLAR-s/ar. 

PoLiANTHES<«Jerosa,shab-bo,gul-i-shab-bo 

Police, shahr kazabt-o-rabt.,shahr ki band- 
-o-bast, intizam: — office, chabiitara, kot- 
wali : cAie/"<#eero/"«(?— ,kotwal,faujdar. 

Policy, (ar/ of government) a'in-i-hukumat, 
(prudence) tadbir, dana'i, (art) hila, fann, 
(deed of insurance) bima ka ahd-nama. 

Polish, ?aikal, chiknahat, chikna'i, op.ghot, 
(elegance) arastagi, suthra'i, nazakat : — , 
(of steel) ab-darl : io — , ?aikal *., ghotna, 
retna, chiknana, jhalna, (smooth) rolnii, 
(ei»i/i«e)durust banana, (»ne<afe^c.)ujalna. 

Polished, (arf/.)?aikli, maifkul, chikna, mu- 
jalla : instrument, stone, S^c. with which a 



POM 



POR 



thing is — , miskala, s.iikal, ghontna, 

guUI : to be — , manjna. 
Polisher, saikalgar, jilakar : — of precious 

stones, liakkak. 
Polishing, (snbst.) jila, ragra, saikal : — 

tool made of horn, singauti. 
Polite, mu'addab, su-sil, khalTlt, shayasta, 

sanmani, kluish-atwar, kliush-akhlak : — 

conversation, sallka-i-guftgu. 
PoLiTELV,bawaz',kliulkse,adabse,aklilakse. 
Politeness, akhlak, adab, Khulk, ta'zim, 

sishtachar, 199, 1869, 2058 : /o&e — , 

tawazu'-i-samarkandl. 
Politic, PoLiTicAL,mulkT, intizami, tadbiri, 

(^prudent) zirak, mudabbir, {cunning) hik- 

mati, chatur: — affairs, mulk-glrl. 
Politically, fitrat se, mudabbiraaa. 
Politic I AN, raj -gyaiu,fitrati, sahib-i-tadbir. 
Politics, "Im-i-siySsat, umur-i-mamlukat. 
Polity, ni/Jitn-i-mulk,bandobast-i-saIt.anat. 
Poll, sir, ((■ey!s/«-)logouke shumarka daftar. 
To Poll, darakhtoii ka sir katna, tarashna. 
Pollard, sir-miinda darak]it,(4raK)bhus-o- 

-ata. Pollen, bbus-o-ata,(/a»-ma)parag. 
Poll-tax, jizya, ghar-dwiirl. 
To Pollute, na-pak k., {debase) bhrasht k., 

kharab k. : — victuals by touching them, 

Sfc. jhutalna. 
Polluted, palasht, na-pak, palid, junub, 

mulawwas, najis, niurdar : — {as vessels, 

dishes, Sfc.) chhutalua. 
Pollutedness, Pollution, aliidagl, na- 

-pakl, laus, janabat, ala'ish, najasat. 
Poltroon, dar-pokna, na-mard, buz-dil. 
Polygamy, bahu-narl, kasiru-1-azwaj. 
Polyglot, majmu'a-i-zabanan, bahut zaban 

ki kitab. PoLY'GON,bahut pablii ki sQrat. 
PoLY-GONAL, bahu-koDa. 
PoLY-NEMUs^e!rfl(7!seMS,tapassImachhn,630. 
Polypody, basfayaj, khankali, bisfa'ij. 
Polypus, ek kism ka samundar! jauwar, 

{disease) nakra. 
Polysyllable, kasIru-1-ajza-e-tahajjiya. 
Polytheism, shirk, kasTru-1-arbab. 
PoLYTHEisT, mushrik. 
Pomade, klinsbbo-dar raugban. 
Pomatum, mom-raughan. 
Pomegranate, anar, darim, rumman, nar, 

tagh : — tree, anfir ka darakht : flower of 

the — , gul-i-anar, gul-nar : rind of an 

unripe — , {iised in dying) naspal. 
Pommel, agu'a,dhibka: — ofasaddle,haxTKi, 

zTn ka kasb : to — , marna, pitna, thokna. 

Pomp, dabdaba, dbum-dham, ibtisham, 634, 

thath, jah-o-jalal, tumturiik, dhak, shukoh, 

far, nakhwat. shan, shaukat : — and pride, 
kar-o-far : — and splendour, kalla thalla. 
Pompelmoose, chakotara. 
PoMPiON, see under Pumpion. 
Pomposity, kbud-numa'I, zahir-numa'i. 



Pompous, numri'islil, mvibtasbim, thfitliT. 

Pompously, jah-o-jalal se, thath se. 

Pond, talab, tal, hauz, sarwar, sar, tadag, liabs, 
pokhar, birka : large oblong — , wapl : 
small — , talaiyii. 

ToPoNDER, sochna,fikr A. ,dhyan *., janchna. 

Ponderable, taulne ke kabil, wazn-pazlr. 

Ponderous, giran,sakil,bhari,garwa,wazni. 

Poniard, chhotakatar, dasbna, khanjar. 

Pontiff, imam, khalifa, sab se sardar padri. 

Pontifical, sardar padrl ka muta'allik. 

PoNTiFicATE.khilafat, sardar padri ka. uhda. 

Ponton, kishtl kapal. 

Pony, tattQ, tanghan, yabii. 

Pool, kund, tadag, bapi, talab, {da&h.)maTVL. 

Poop, jahaz ka pichhwara, {ligeb.) chhatrT. 

Poor, muflis, gh arlb, fakir, kangal, miskin, 
nir-dhan, tihi-dast, tang-hal, {lean) dubla, 
laghar, {mean) paji, diin, {wretched) khwar, 
be-chara,(ia»-ren)usar,lona: — andprond, 
kangal bilnka : cherisher of the — , gliarlb- 
-parwar : friend of the — , din-bandhu : 
friendly or kind to the — , gharib-nawiiz, 
fakir-dost : oppression of the — , gharTb- 
-mar : provisions distributed to the — , 
langari, langar : the — , ghuraba: lobe — , 
hath band h. : to feed the — ,langar uthana. 

Poorly-, (ffrf?.)na-tandurust,be-aram, {adv.) 
tangi se, namardi se. Poor-spirited, 
na-mard, tang-dil, kam-hausila. 

Pop, dharaka, patak : to — in, ii-parna : to 
— out, nikal ana. 

Pope, Rome ka sardar padri. 

Popedom, Pope ka uhda. 

Popery, Catholic maz'hab. 

Popeseye, ghudud. Popgun, patakha. 

Popish, Catholic maz'hab se muta'allik. 

Poplar, tSgh, chanar, chinar, khadang. 

PoPLiNreshamopashmmilakebinahu'akapra 

Poppy, khash-khash, koknar : — head, post, 
dhenri,khaskhas : one who intoxicates him- 
self with infusion of — heads, posti : — 
seed, khashkhash. 

PoPULACE,awammu-n-nas,awamm,jumhiir. 

PopuLAR,amm,amum,(iefot'erf)har-dil-aziz. 

Popularity, har-dil-azizi, mash'huri. 

7^0 Populate, basana, abad^*., logbarhana. 

PopuLATioN,abadi,ma'muri,shahriyat,basti. 

Populous, logsebhar-pur, abad, ma*mur. 

Porcelain, chin ka. khalis bartan : — dish, 
finjan : kind of — , ^-c, 1477 : a vessel of 
the f nest — , Sfc, martaban. 

PoRC H , dewrhi, baramada,usara, jilau-khana. 

Porcupine, khar-pusht, sahi, sahil, sehi. 

Pore, badan ka siirakh jis se pasina nikle. 

To Pore, dekhaX:., ankh garna, gh ark rahna. 

Pork, su'ar ka gosht, gosht-i-yiiik. 

Porker, Porkling, sii'ar ka bachcha. 

Porosity, Porousness, masamdari, jhir- 
jhirahat. Porous, masam-dar. 
8 I 



Porphyry, Bummak, sang-i-sumak. 
Porpoise, sQs, siismar, buiis. 
Porridge, ash, shorba, lapsi. 

Port, (/larJoar) bandar, kol, {gate) darwaza, 
phatak, {carriage) chiil, raftar, khiram. 
{wine) sharab-i-purtugali. 

Portable, uthane-jog, halka, subuk. 

Portal, darwaza, phatak. 

Porte, Rum ka darbar. To Portend, 
dalalat k., fal kahna, shugiin kahna. 

Portent, nuhiisat, utpat, bad-fal, 126, 24. 

Portentous, nahs, manhiis, ashagOni. 

Porter, darban, pauriya, hajib, dwarpal, 
{carrier) hamil, hammfil, bar-bardar, 
mazdflr, kuli, motiya, {beer) boza-i-tez. 

Porterage, mazduri, motiya-khareh. 

Porters, hujjab. Port-fire, ras-bati. 

PoRT-FOLiofjuz-gir. 

Porthole, jangi jahaz ka top-ghara,kangura 

PoRTico,riwak,dihHz,peshgah,gaukh,nauta. 

Portion, {share) bahra, hissa, ans, bakhra, 
banta, {piece) tukra, juz, lakht, {dowry) 
dahez, jahez, deja, {fate) kismat, nasib, 
bhag : — at a wife's disposal, jahaz : 
marriage — , kabin, mahr : to — , taksim 
k., bantna, {a bride) jahez d. 

Portions, ajza, aksat: marriage — , muhiir. 

Portliness, tamkanat, sanjidagi, {bulk) 
jasamat. Portly, tamkanat-numa, 

{bulky) jasim, mota. 

PoRTMANTEAU,khurji,jama-dani,peti, pe'i. 

PoRTRAiT,taswir,shabih,naksha,nigar,sOrat. 

PoRTRAIT-PAiNTER, chitr-kar, chitr-gar. 

To Portray, taswir khaiiichna, chitr k. 

Ports, {harbours) banadir. 

PoRTOLACA oleracea, khurfa, kandli, lona, 
liiniya, noniya, {dakh.) ghol. 

PosiTioN,waz',tarah,dhab,(;)co;;os(7ion)i5i6 

Positive, {not negative) ijabi, {certain) vau- 
karrar, yakin, be-shakk, {obstinate) khud- 
-sar : to be — , hor lagana. 

PosiTivELY-,albatta,mukarrar,yakiDan,sach. 

Posse, marduman-i-sdah-band. 

To Possess, rakhna, hath men rakhna.pana. 

Possessed, mazbiit, mamluk: — o/,iilii,iili, 
{in compos.) mand, zii, zi, ahl, sahib, wan. 

Possessing, {adj.) mutasarrif, {in compos.) 
war, war, wan, dar, dari, zii, zi, zawi, &c. 

PossEssioN,tasarruf,zabt,hawala,bhog,hath, 
kabza, {property) ta'alluk, mUk, milkiyat, 
milkat : — by a demon, ba'o-batas : — of 
/anrf,ta'alluka : — of the proper use of the 
faculties, chaitanya : in — of the senses, 
{adj .) chaitanya : in the — , (arfi).)hawale, 
pas : taken — of, (or7;'.)makbuz : taking — 
of, {adj.) mustauli : to be taken — of, zabt 
h.: to come into one's — , hath ana, hath 
lagna, hath parna : to gain — of the pro- 
perty of others, hath bai'hana : to give in 



2354 



POT 



— , hawale *. .- to take or get — of, tasarruf 
k., tasarruf medlana, chhin lena, kabz k., 
kabza i., zabt t. Possessions, amlak, 
muta'allikan, muta'allikat. 

Possessor, khadawand, malik, zabit, kabiz, 
dara,(mco»n;30S.)?^hib,dar.waa,wal,wala. 

Posset, achhwanl, panjiri. 

Possibilities, mumkinat. 

Possibility, iiiikan,kabilij'at,daldil,makdur. 

Possible, mumkin, mulitamil, kabil, 2203, 
13(^8 : to be — , ho-sakna, ana. 

Possibly, shayad, ja'iz ki. 

Post, (office) uhda, khidmat, kam, mansab, 
(station) jagah, makan,(for letters or tra- 
velling) dak, tappal, (0/ icood) istambh, 
thamba, chob, thambha : — to chain an 
elephant to, bhaunas : to — , jaldi chalna, 
dak meiij., (to station) rakhna, baithalna. 

Postage, dak ka mahsul, rusQta, ajura. 

PosTBAG, kam. 

Postchaise, chiir pabiye ki gari. 

To Postdate, barhake tarlkli likhna. 

Posterior, mu'aklikliir, pasiQ, uttar, ba'd. 

Posteriors, dubur, tikath, picbhwara. 

Posterity-, khalaf, al, aulad, nasi, santan. 

PosTERN-,khirkI,phatak,darwaza,chor-khirkI 

Posthaste, babut jaldi, daura-daurl. 

PoSTHORSE, dak ka ghora. 

Posthumous, pasmurda, (last) akhTr. 

Postilion, gari ke ghore ka sawar. 

PosTMAN,dakiya,kasid, (rfai/i. )tappali, 726. 

Postmeridian, do pabar din ke ba'd ka. 

PosTOFFiCE, dak-ghar, tappa, dak. 

To Postpone, takhir k., talna, tawakkuf k. 

Postponed, ta'a klikh ur, maukuf, multawi. 

Postposition, (in gram.) harf. 

Postscript, tatimma-i-kliatt, mukarrar. 

Postulate, Posthlatum, tarfain ka mana 
hu'a da'wii. 

Posture, jalsa, asan, dhaj, waz', surat,dhab. 

Posy, gul-dasta, (motto) nagin par ki kbodi 
hi'i bat. 

Pot, (for boiling) handi, deg, deg-cha, 
(pitcher, Sfc.) basan, gharola, tambiya, 
patila : — for keeping lampblack, kajlauti : 
— in which tail is collected,l&hm : — with 
a «pOM<,karu'a,badhni,badhna : earthen — , 
ghara, matka, bliand, chuka: iron — , lu- 
handa: large — , charu'a : leathern — for 
measuring oi7,^c., jhaba: small — ,lutiya, 

lota : icatet ,ghara,kuinbh,thiliya,kiiza, 

gagar, ghat : wooden — , katlira. 

To PoT,gosht wa gliaira ko namak o majalil.i 
pani sc Eijhakar handi men rakhna. 

Potash, khar, sajji. 

Potation, noshidagi, mai-khori, mai-kashi. 

PoTATO,alu,siithnI:»uiec< — ,airi,shakar-kand 

Potbellied, tondiila, tondaila,sabu-shikam. 

Potbelly, tond. 

PoT-coMPANioN, ham-piyala, ham-kiUa. 



POW 

PoTENCY,zor,kuwat,trikat(p^'caei')asar, tasir 

Potent, kadir, zorawar, kawi, (efficacious) 
muta'assir. Potentate, shahanshah, 
adhiraj, farman-rawa. 

Potential, kudrati, ikhtiyari, karan-sakti. 

Potently, zor se,kriwat se, takat se, bal se. 

Pother, dhiim-dham, harbari, barj-marj. 

Potherb, sag, bokia, bakla, tarkari, bhaji. 

Pothos, hath-phul. 

Potion, shurb,((?ose)dawa ki paima'ish jo ek 
bar pine ya khane ke liye bas hai : love — , 
tuwala. Pot-ladle made of the shell of a 
cocoa nH<,hapka. PoT-LiCKER,kasa-les. 

Pot-licking, kasa-lesi. 

PoTLiD, dhakna, dhakni, sar-posh, chapni. 

Potsherd, tbikra, sifal, sikta, thikri. 

Pottage, ash, lapsi, lapti, kaclil, lupri. 

PoTrER,kumliar,kas-gar,kuIal, (rfaiA.) 1614. 

Potter's earth, (dakh.) chikni mati : — 
kiln, awa : — ore, kabis : — wheel, chak : 

— wife, kurabarni. 

Pottery-, (ware) handi, bhandii, waghaira, 

(business of a potter) kumhar ka kam, (a 

pot manufactory) handiyoi'i ka kar-khana. 
Pottle, karib do ser ka wazn. 
PoTVALiANT.nashii-bahadur. PoucH.gho- 

ghi, tosh-dan, jholi : monkey's — , guluga. 
Poverty, iflas, muflisi, tihi-dasti, daridr, 

tangdasti,faka,fakr, 1623, 1858, 1902 : to 

pretend — , bhagal nikalna. 
PouLTERER,murgli-farosh,murgh-ban,l885. 
Poultice, tikor, lopri, lo'i : to — ,lo'i lagana. 
Poultry, murgha-murghi, murgh. 
Pounce, (claw) changul, panja, (powder) 

dhune ka chur : to — upon, jhapatna. 
Pound, (weight) rati, adh-ser, (coi'n) das 

rupai mol ka sikka, (enc/orare )bara,berha: 

to — ,pitna,jhurna,kiitna,khandna : to — , 

(cattle, Sfc.) berhna, band k. 
Pounded, (arf;.) kofta: — meat, gosht-awa. 
Pounder, (pestle) miisal, mogra, (rammer) 

durmus. Machine for Pounding with, 

dhenka. Pounds, artal. 
To Pour, (v. a.) dalna, dhalkana, dhalna, 

nitliarna,undelna,(». n.fow)ia.ri A.,bahnii, 

(rMsA)harharake parna, (a libation) tapana. 
To be Poured out, dhalna, umadna, ujhalna. 
Pouring, (in compos.) rez, rezan, rezi : — 

out, (sm4s<.) rezish. 
PouRSDiVANT, isawal. 
To Pout, thuthana, honth latkana. 
Powder, chur, siida, buka, bukni, chaus, 

(medicine) safuf, (gunpowder) daru, barut : 

— to promote digestion, chfiran : — used 
in the holt, abir, phag, abir, gulal. 

To Powder, bukna, pisna, (to salt) 39B. 
Powderhorn, SMigra, singra, barut-dan. 
Powder-mill, barut kichakki. 
Powder-room, barut-khana. 
Power, (authority) bas, iktidar, kudrat. 



PRA 

tal.iakkum, mukhtari, tamkin, ikhtiyar, 
(influence) prabha'o, tawana'i, (strength) 
bal,zor,takat,kriwat,haul,(ai(7(7y)makdrir, 
sakti,samarth, majal, dast-gah, (possession) 
hath, hatha, kabza : absolute — , istiklal : 
in one's — , (adj.) ikhtiyari. mamluk. 

Powerful, (potent) kadir, samarthi, kadir, 
zabar-dast , (strong) kawi, tawana, bali, zor- 
-awar, balwant, bal-dar, pra-bal, (effica- 
cious) nin'as^it: very — , maha-bali. 

Powerfully-, zabardasti se, zor se. 

PowERLESsbe-takat,nir-bal,be-tab,dur-baI, 
na-tawan,kam-zor: to be — ,takat se takA. 

Pox, (venereal) bad-i-farang, ba'o, atasliak. 

Practicable, shudani, kardani, karne-jog. 

Practical, amali, mashki, ma'muU,kasrati. 

PRACTiCALLY-,isti"mal se, amalan, tajribe se. 

Practice, (use) isti'mal, mashshaki, amal, 
rabt,(AaJi7,c«s<om)adat,ma'miil,chal,kho, 
dastiir : acquired by — , mashki. 

To Practise, sadhna,karna,rabt Xr.,mashk k. 

Practised, (adj.) kar-azmuda, musta'mal, 
ma'muli: not — ,(Mn!(«Ma?)matruk-i-rasm. 

Practiser, mashshak, sadhak, tajriba-kar. 

Practitioner, pesha-dar, mu'amala-gar, 
isti'mali. Pb.ecordia, pasli. 

PRAiSE,madh,ta''rif,barnan,afrin,sarah,sifat, 
(gloriJicatioti)\\a.md, sana, astut, sipas : — 
to him ! subhana-hu : to God be the — , 
lillahi-1-hamdu; to — , sarabna, tahsin k., 
afrin k., bakhanua, barnan k.: — God, 
hamd i., nam lena. 

Praised, (adj.) mamdiih, mahmud, sitiida. 

PRAiSER,sana-khvran,maddab(o/Gorf)hamid 

Praises, aikar, ausaf : — of God, azkar. 

Praiseworthy, najib, mustahsan. 

Praising, (subst.) istilisan, ta'rif, sarahan, 
maddahi, (adj.) shakir, madih : — God, 
(subst.) tahmid, tasbih, tahlil. 

To Prance, lambiyan k., kiidna, phandna. 

Prank, kud-phand, khel-bazi, kalol-alol. 

To play Pranks with, chherna : one who 
plays mischievous — , chilli. 

Prate PRATTLE,bak,bak-jhak,bak-bak,gap, 
gap-shap, (dakh.) choiichla:/oo/i«A or idle 
— , puchiyat,satal. To Prate, Prattle, 
bakna, parpariina, churugn.a, zaban bar- 
hfina.gap mama, gap-shap *.,bhak-jhok k. 

Prater, Prattler, bakwadi, bakwahS, 
bakki, ba'o-bhak, bii'o-jhak, harza-go. 

Prating, (snbst.) charchar. 

Prawn, jhinga, chingra, (dakh.) jhinga. 

TbPRAVinaniaz A.,du'5i.,(a«i/or)mang'na, 
chfihna.darkhwast^.; —for anoiher,d\i'fid. 

l'RAVER,namaz,du'll,?aIat,munajfit,(re}Mfs<) 
tnmanna, iltirails, niyaz, firz : — over the 
dead, Sfc. ,talkin : — repeated byBrahmans, 
Sfc. , gfiyatri : form of — said during the 
night, tahajjud : ^/ace 0/ — , mu§alla: time 
of — before sunset, a§r. 



PRE 

Prayer-book, namfiz ki kitab. Prayers, 
ad'iya, salawat : — for the dead, f^tilia. 

Praying, One who Prays, {adj.) musalll, 
{sithst. ) munajati, namazi, {bei/ging) multa- 
mis : — at the appointed time,(subst.)ka7.a : 
in the constant habit of — , {adj.) namazl. 

ToPreach, wa'z i., khutba parhna, zahir k. 

PREACHER,wa'Tz, khaflb, wa"z-go, sichcUiak. 

Preaching, {subst.) khitabat, wa'z. 

Preamble, tamhid, dibiija, mukaddama. 

Precarious, shakki,na-mukarrar,be-sabat. 

Precaution, tadaruk, agra-soch, akibat- 
-andeshi : to take — , tadaruk k. 

Tb Precede, mukaddam h., age^'., sabkatA. 

Precedence, {in rank) pesbT, bala-nishlnt, 
{in time) takdim, takaddum, {surpassing) 
sabkat : to give — to, takdim k. 

PRECEDENT,(sw5s<.)namuna,nazir,peshnihad 

Precedent, Preceding, mukaddam, sabik, 
mutakaddim, pesh-rau,salaf, agla, {subst.) 
pesh-rau'I, pesh-nihad, namuna. 

Precept, hukm, amr, farmuda, nasiljat. 

Preceptor, akhun, akbund, ustild, rau'allim. 

Precepts of Muhammad, shar', masa'il. 

Precinct, hadd, siwana, naliiya, ihiita. 

Precious, besh-baha, kimatl, giran, nafis, 
{beloved) azTz, pyara. 

Preciousness, nafasat, besh-klmatl. 

Precipice, dhang, sring, kandala, karara. 

Precipitate, (s!(is<.)ek kisraki hadd dawa, 
{adj.) uta'ola, adhir, harbariya, be-lihaz : 
to be — ; harbarana. To Precipitate, 
dal d., gira dalna,dhakel d., {hurry) sbitiib 
k., harbarii., {in chymistry) ^axnima.. 

PRECiPiTATELY,harbarI se,jaldl se,uta'olI se. 

PRECiPiTATiON,iztir;ibI,jaldI,uta'oli,shitabi. 

Precise, thik, chaukas. {formal) kanuni. 

Precisely, {exactly)\\a-ha-h\x, thik : — the 
same, jon ka ton. Preciseness, Pre- 
cisiON, tahklk, durusti, sudh. 

To Preclude, bazrakhna, katna, rokna. 

Precocious, waki" kabl az wuku', pakka. 

Precocity-, larka'I meii buddha'T. 

7'oPRECONCEivE,age se bujhna,pahle sochna 

Preconception, tasawwur, peshblni. 

Preconcerted, age mukarrar kiya gaya. 

Precursor, pesh-rau, age daurne-wala. 

PRECURSORY,pesh-rau,harkareka sa peshrau 

Predecessor, peshin, mukaddam, agla, salif. 

Predecessors, purusha. 

Predestinarian, takdir ka ka'il, jabari. 

ToPredestinate, mukaddari. jbadna, 1 1 67. 

PREDESTiNATioN,kaza-o-kadr,likha, takdir. 

PREDESTINATOR,PREDESTINATING,mukad- 

dir. To Predestine, mukaddarA.,badna. 
Predestined, (af/;)mukaddar,bada,bhawa'I, 

bhabi : — time of death, ajal. 
Predetermination, karar-i-mukaddam, 

'izimat-i-peshlna. 
To Predetermine, age se thahrana, age se 



PRE 

niyat k. Predicabi.e, ek mant.iki ikrar, 
{adj.) kahne-jog, guftani. 

Predicament, halat,lial, {in logic) padarth. 

Subject and Predic ate(»» %!c)mubtada-o- 
-khabar. ToPredicate, ikrar i., kahna. 

Predication, ikrar. To Predict, age se 
kahna, age se batlana, khabar d. 

Predicted, {adj.) mau'ud. 

PREDicTER,mukhbir,agam-bakta,ghaib-dan 

Prediction, fal-go'I, agra-banl. 

Predilection, pesh-khwahl, pesh-shauk. 

To Predispose, jhukanri,lana, age sema'il k. 

PREDisposiTioN,isti*dad,pesh-mail,mailan. 

Predominance, istlla, sabkat, ghalaba. 

Predominant, glialib, mustauli, prabal. 

To Predominate, ghalib h., da'ir-o-sa'ir h. 

Preeminence, afzallyat, tarjih, fauklyat. 

Preeminent, afzal, charab, fa'ik, murataz : 
to be — , choti ka h. 

Preemption, age mol lene ka istihkak : pos- 
sessing a right of — , {adj.) shafi" : right 
of~, Sfc, hakk-i-shxift. 

Preengagement, peshkararl. 

Preening, chiriyoii kl par-ara'i. 

To Pre-exist, agese A., agesemaujud h. 

Pre-existent, pesh-hast. 

Preface, dibaja, mukaddama, tamhid. 

Prefatory-, tamhidl. 

Prefect, hakim, amil. 

To Prefer, tarjih d. , bihtar janna, prasann k. , 
{promote) barhana, sar-faraz k., {offer) 
zahir k. , izhar k., {a complaint) nalish k. 

Preferadlb, bihtar, ahsan: to consider — , 
{to) mukaddam jamia. 

Preference, tarjilj, fauklyat, tafzil, sarsa'I. 

Preferment, tarakkl, sarfarazi, barhtl. 

Prefix, harf-i-mashriit (?): to — , age se 
thahrana, age se mukarrar *. , age rakhna, 

Pregnancy-, liaml, garbh, abistagi, pet, biir. 

Pregnant, hamil, hamila, pet se, garbhini, 
abista, bardar, do-jiya, dopasta, gabhin, 
{full) bhara, ma'mur: to be — , pet rahna, 
pet se h., hamila h., do jl se h. 

To Prejudge, age se thahrana, agesebiijbna. 

Prejudice, tarafdari, ta'assub, mail, bad- 
-zannl, {injury) nuksan, zarar : removal of 
— , ganth kholna. 

7'oPREJUDiCE,tarafkashI A., {injure) nuksan 
pahunchana. Prejudiced, muta'assib, 
{for) ma'il, {against) bad-zann. 

Prejudicial, nuksani, muzirr, mufsid. 

Prelacy, sardar padrl ka uhda, imamat. 

Prelate, imam, mujtahid, sardar padri. 

Preliminary, (s«W.)tamhId,(arf;.)tamhIdi 

Prelude, {in music) baje ka sar-aghaz, 
{preface) tamhid. 

Premature, mausim ke age paka hii'a {un- 
timely) be-wakt, be-mausim, a-kal : — 



PRE 



2355 



death, 



jawana-marg. 



ToPremedita 



;,pesh-andeshii.,age se fikrX-. 



Premeditation, pesh-andeslil, pesh-bandi. 

Premier, awwal wazlr. 

To Premise, tamhid k. 

Premises, amwal-i-ghair-mankula,(i«foi/;c) 
mukaddamat. Premium, chota, mujra, 
{reward) muzd, dan, (ore a loan) karhu'a. 

Preparation, taiyari, tahlya, banawarl, saj, 
taiyari,arastagi : timely — , peshbandi : — 
/or>wr«(?y,chal-chala'o. Preparations 
for battle, charhni, kamar-bandl. 

Preparative, Preparatory, pesh-zarur. 

To Prepare, taiyar A., banana, sadhna,sajaa, 
murattab k., muhaiya k.: — a person for 
the reception of another, takrib k. : — 
distress for one's self, kante bone : to 
cause — , sajana, sajwana. 

Prepared, {ready) amada., taiyar, muhaiya, 
musta'idd, (/ormcd) masnii'', ma'miil, {ar- 
ranged) miirattab, arasta: to be — ,banua, 
rachna, sajna, sanwarna. 

Preparer, murattib, {in compos.) ara, saz. 

Preparing, {in compos.) saz, s-izl. 

Preponderance, (o/w«VA<)ziyada-waznI, 
{of power) kuwat ki fauklyat. 

To Preponderate, ziyada-wazn A., kawl h. 

Preposition, {Ingram.) harf. 

To Prepossess, ma'il *. 

Prepossession, pesh-ta'assub, husn-zanu. 

Preposterous, lagho, wazun,behQda,puch. 

Preposterously-, behudagi se, bi-l-aks. 

Prepuce, chhichhra, ghilaf, khalrl. 

Prerogative, khass hakk. 

Presage, fal, shugun, dalalat, agahl : to — , 
dalalat k., agam jatana, fil kholna. 

Presbyter, kissis. 

Prescience, ghaib-dani, pesh-blnl. 

PRESCIENT,aUm-i-ghaib,pesh-bin,ghaib-dan 

ToPRESCRiBE.hukm k.,(eiTman?L,{medically) 
nuskha batlana. Prescribed, {adj.) 
marsum : — by law, mashru'. 

PRESCRiPTioN,nusk]ia,rasm-i-hakIm,(ra?e) 
rasm, dastSru-l-amal, ka'ida. 

PRESENCEhuzur,huzuiI,rii-ba-rii,mukabala, 
haziri : — of mind, surt, ausan : being 
called to the — , {subst.) huzur-talab : in 
the — , bote, rahte, age, samne. 

Present, {adj.) hazir, upasthit, mustahzar, 
{not past) maujiid, bartaman, {adv.) hall, 
{subst.) inayat, nazr, tuhfa, pesh-kash, 
bakhshish, in'im, ata : — brought from 
on a journey, rah-award : — give7i on the 
frst visit to a bride, munh-dikha'i : — 
given to a landlord, S{c., salami : — made 
to a Mulla, S^'c, chiraghi : — of fruit, 
dho'a, dall : — time or tense, hal, barta- 
man : — to a superior, bhet, hadiya : — 
to 2)receptors given by schoolboys on a 
Friday, jum'agi : — to soothsayers, chir- 
aghi : parting — , rukhsatana : people — , 
haziran, hazirln, huzzSr : the — , hal : to 



2356 



PRE 



make a — io a superior, blietna : what is 
—, ma hazar. To Present, (exhibit) 
hazir i., dikhlana, (give) nazr k., dena, 
(to a superior) mulakat karana. 

Presented, (adj.) ma'ruz. 

Presentimext, pesh-daryaft, agam. 

Presently, ab, ab-tab, abhi, al-hal, turt. 

Presents, taba'if,hadaya : — to Brahmans, 
Sfc, dachluna. 

Presertation, bacha'o, hifazat, siyanat. 

Preserve, murabba : may God — , adima-1- 
-lah: to — , palna, hifazat k., rakhna, 
bachana, himayat A., (fruit) murabba k. 

Preserved, musallam, mamua, ma'sum. 

Preserver, bacbane-wala,hafiz, racbchhak, 
hami : — of fruits, murabba-saz : the 
Deity as — , bishan, vishnu. 

Preserving, (stifo<.)pasbam,palau,mura'at. 

To Preside, sardarA., sar-kobA. 

PRESiDENCY,sardarI,sarbarabi,(ca;)!7a/)sadr. 

President, mutakaddim,mlr-i-majlis, sadr- 
-nishin, ra'is, bala-nishln, sardar: — of an 
assembly, sabha-pati. 

Press, bhir, hujum, (machine) shikanja, 
(oilman's) kolhu, (for printing) chhapne 
kl kal. To Press, nichorna, tipna, 
chantna,chapna,(rfM/re4«)tang A., na-char 
k.,(urge)tak\i. *.,takaiyud A.,(AMjr)lagana, 
liptana,(eons<ram)majburi.,(crowrf)bbar 
k.. — down, dabana, dabna, dutana: — 
into service, begar pakarna, na-raz ko zor 
se kam men lagana : — oil by a mill, 
perna : — together, pichkana : — ttjtJOM, 
(dakh.) chikalna. 

Pressed, (adj.) fushurda : one — to service, 
sukhra. begar : to be — doxvn, dabna. 

PRESSGANG,ek guroh jo jangi jabaz ke kam 
ke liye admiyon ko pakarta hai. 

Pressing, (adj.) ba-jidd: act of — , tip. 

Pressingly, zor se, takaza se. 

Pressman, chhapne-wala. Pressure, 
daba'o, (force) zor, (urgency) takaza. 

To Presume, khiyal k., samajhna, jannfi, 
(affirm) ikrar k., (venture) himmat bandh- 
na, (be rude) gustakhi k. : — on the 
favour of another, munh pana. 

Presuming,, (adj.) gustakh, dhith, diler, 
(subst.) zu'm. Presumption, kiyfis, 
atkal, khiyal, (rudeness) gustaklil. dhi- 
tha'i, dilerl, (pride) ghurur, takabbur. 

PRE3UMPTU0US,gustakli,dilcr,be-adab,dhTtli 

Presumptuouslv, gustakhi se, be-adabi se. 

Pkesumptuousness, be-adabi, gustakhi. 

To Presuppose, age se janna. 

Presupposition, ta?dik-i-bila-ta.;awwur. 

PRETENCE,bahana,ljila,8iikht, (c/(Ji7n)da'wa. 

To Pretend, bat banana, bahana k., (show 
hypocritically) /,ahir *., (claim) da'wa k. : 
— ignorance, tajahul k.: — to wealth 
falsely, jibh jhukanii. 



PRI 

Pretender, da'wa-dar. 

Pretension bahana,hila,makr,(c/fl/m)da*wa 

Preterimperfect, mazi istimrari. 

Preterite tense, mazi. 

Preternatural, khilaf-i-adat, karamati, 

Preterperfect, mazi karib. 

Preterpluperfect, mazi ba'id. 

Pretext, bahana, pozish, illat, uzr, makr. 

Prettily, sutbra'i se, latafat se, khushi se. 

Prettiness, sutbra'i, khush-numa'i. 

Pretty, (adj.) snthra, khush-numa, (adv.) 
kuchh, thora bahut. 

To Prevail, jari A.,chal pakarna,murawwaj 
h., (over) jitna, ghalib h., (on) manana. 

Prevailing, ghalib, (usual) ra'ij,murawwaj. 

Prevalence, ghalaba, zor, (custom) rawaj. 

Prevalent, ghaUb, prabal, (usual) ra'ij. 

7tPREVAaiCATE,batbandhna,zabanbadalna 

Prevarication, pas-o-pesh, tal-tol. 

Prevaricator, zall, muhil, tal-matoli. 

To PREVENT,band i.,cbbenkna, baz rakhna, 
atkana, mani" h. : — one from speaking, 
zaban pakarna. To iePREVENTED,atakna. 

Preventer, ha'il, rukwaiya, rokii, mani". 

Preventing, (sttbst.) daf", ta'arruz, ta'riz. 

Prevention, ar,atka'o,tok, toka-toki, rok. 

Preventive, muzahim, nakal, (adj.) mani'. 

Previous, kabl, agla, mukaddam, peshin. 

Previously, age se, pahle, kabl. 

Prey, shikar, said, nakhchir, aher, (booty) 
ghanimat, lut, chobha, yaghma. 

To Vrev , shikar le.,(plunder) liitna, takht-o- 
-taraj k., (corrode) kha-J., galana. 

Priapus, ling, kandasa. 

PRicE,mol,kimat,baha,arz,saman,kadr,dam, 
(reward) aJT, ajiira: — paid for making 
any thing, banwa'i: — paid for weaving, 
binwii'i : fixed — ,thika : fixing a — ,(adj.) 
raukawwini, (suhst.) mol-tol: to beat down 
the — , mol-torna. 

PRiCE-cuRRENT.arz-i-bazar.nirkh : account 
of the — , nirkh-nama : person who fixes 
the — , nirkhi. 

PRicK,PRicKLE,kanta,kLar,sal,(/)«nc/«re) 
chiibh, chobha, chhed. 

To Prick, konchna, godna, salna, 849, 914. 

Pricked, (adj.) khalida : io be — , chubhna. 

Pricker, (of a gun) sozan, (of a musket) 
kanta. Prickliness, khardari. 

Prickly, katilii : — heat, ghamori. 

Pride, ghuriir, nakhwat, aliankiir, takabbur, 
khud-bini, dimagh, fakhr, abhimiin, gha- 
mand.tafa khkh ur.ujb.garb.man.maghruri. 
manish : — of power, sina-zori : — of 
wea///i,dhan-mad -.foolish — , shahzildagi: 
propc) , an ban, shiin, gliairat. 

Priest, imam, pesh-namaz, murshid, guru : 
— of the gabrs, miibid : family — , 
purohit, kul-puj. Priest-craft, mur- 
shidon ka furcb, imainiya makr. 



PRI 

Priesthood, imamat, inurshidl : the — , 

Priestly, imamsa, murshidana, piriina. 

Prig, labkha, kluid-ara. 

Prim, mudammatrh. zahir-dar, mukatta . 

Primacy, sardar padri ka darja ya uhda. 

Primarily, pahle, awwalan, ibtida se. 

Primary, pahla, awwal, (original) asli. 

Primate, imam, sardar padri. 

Prime, (adj.) khara, saras, khassa, tuhfa, (of 
day) sabah.bhor, (best part) khulasa, lutf, 
(spring) bahar : — cost, kharid ka mol : 

— minister, wazir, diwan-i-a'la, raj-dhar : 

— of life, shabab, jauban, chatak : in the 

— of life, uau-jawan -.to — , ranjak pilana, 
(in painting) zamlo banana. 

Primer, kitab-i-fawii'idu-l-mubtadi. 

Primeval, asli, kadim, piirab, purana. 

Priming, ranjak : — ^an,ranjak-dan,pyala : 
to burn — , ranjak urana. 

Primitive, kadim, asli, bunyadi,mutakaddim. 

Primness, zahir-diiri, khud-ara'i. 

Primogenial, palautha, awwal-paida. 

Primogeniture, awwal paida'ish, bara'i. 

Primrose, ek kism ka phiil. 

Prince, shahzada, padshah-zada, shah-zada, 
kunwara, malik-zada, raj-kunwar, (sove- 
reign) shah, sulfan, bhupal, (chief) ra'is. 

Princelike, Princely, shahwar, shahana. 

PRiNCES.sanadid. PRiNCE's/ea<Ae?%kalga. 

PRiNCESs,shahzadi,nialikzadi,(}ueen)malika 

Principal, (adj.) agla, awwal, bara, param, 
pahla, uttam,(subst. capital) nisiib, kulcha, 
a5l,piinji,mul, (chief) ra'is, sarwar,sai-dar : 

— sum put out at interest, byajii. 
Principality, shahzade ki saltanat, suba. 
Principally, ghaliban, khusiisan, pahle. 
Principle, (element) tat, tatwa, unsur, 

(onym)asl,jar,mabda,(»jo<e!)e)ba'is,miijib. 
Principles, astaksat, usul. 
Print, chhap, clihapa, naksh, nishan, 738. 
T'oPRiNT,chhapna,nakshi.,(e?o<As)chhipna: 

to cause — , chhapanii, chhapwiina. 
To be Printed, chhapna. 
Printer, chhape-wala : cloth — , chhipi. 
PRiNTiNG-o^ce.chhape-kliana : — spots on 

cloth, 4'C., muthra : act of — , chhap.^'i : 

mode of — cloth, chutki : mode of — silk, 

kLanjari : price of — , chhapa'i. 
Prior, («(?;.) mukaddam, agla, peshin, (adv.) 

age, peshtar, (subst.) mahaiit, dii'ira-dar. 
Priority, awwaliyat, kadamat, taljaddum. 
Priory, kalandaron kii makan, khiinkab. 
Prism, mawshur. PBiSMATic,mawshur sa. 
Prison, kaid-khana. bandi-khana, zindan. 
Prisoner, kaidii bandu'a, asir, zindani. 
Pristine, sabik, kadim, pahla, aglii. 
PRiVACY,khalwat,ojhal,tanha'i,gosha,pavda. 
Private, (secret) makht'F, nihufta, chhipfi, 

poshida, (particular) khass, makhsus. nij, 



PRO 



PRO 



PRO 



2357 



(atone)mrairi,tanha : — apartmmi,\dia^i- 
-mahall, khalwat-khana : — conference, 
klialwat : — court, bargah-i-kha;s : — 
parts, andam-i-nihani : in — , nirale ; in 
— mid in jmblie, khalwat o jalwat men. 

Privateer, ra'iyat ka jahaz jo dushman ke 
jahiiz ke lutne ke liye badshah ki ijazat se 
taiyar ho. 

Privately, khufyatan, chhipe-chhipe. 

Privation, adam, salb, nirast. 

Privilege, makhsus fa'ida, hakk. 

Privily, khufvatan. poshidagl se, clihipake. 

Privities, kachh, satr, gand, indri : cloth 
worn to conceal the — , langoti, kachh- 
auti : to conceal the — , deh durana. 

Privity, bhed, sazish, dfmish, agahi. 

Privy, (orf/.)kliabardar,agah,wakif,(»Mis<.) 
silihat-khana. ja'e-zarur, pa'e-khana. 

PRizE,(rCM)ard)iwaz,hasil,(Soo<y)glianimat, 
lut: accounted as a — , (adj.) mughtanam: 
accounting as a — , {adj.) muglitanim : 
taking as a — , {subst.) ightinam. 

TbPRizE,ankana,kimaU-.,(es/fem)azTzjanna 

Prize-tighter, mal, mall, pahlawan. 

Probabilities, ma'kulat. Probability, 
iljtimal, takrib, honhari. surat. 

Probable, muhtamil, ma'kul, honhar. 

Probably, sliSyad, gbaliban, haiga, ho'e. 

Probate, wasiyat-name ka subut. 

Probation, dalll,burhan,(/na/) tajriba, im- 
tihan.PROBATiONER,mustaujib-i-imtihan. 

Probe, jarralj ki sala'i, salaka, mil. 

To Probe, sala'i se khodni k., tona (?). 

PROBiTY,diyanat-dari,rasti,sachcha'1, 142 1. 

Problem, masla. 

Problematical, mashkuk, mushtabih. 

Problems, masfi'il, alaki. 

Proboscis, khurtum, sund, sund. 

Procedure, kam karne ka taur, chal, waz", 
harakat, (affair) mu'amala, kam, fi'l. 

ToPROCEEDifyo on) agej., chalna,padharna, 
rawfma h. , {arise) nikalna, sadir h. , uthna, 
{act) amal *., karna, {advance) barhna, 
{towards) Tokhk., mutawajjili h. 

Proceeding, (swis<.)rawanT,(di(S2«c««) kam, 
kartut,(;e(/a;)rau'amala,(arf;.)rawaaa,sadir 

Proceedings, {of a cause) ru-ba-kari. 

Proceeds, paida'ish, basil, yaft, utpann. 

Process, clialan,rawish, barb, {legal) kaziya, 
mu'amala: in — of time, (a(?».)raftarafta. 

Procession, dhiim-dhamse chalna, jatra. 

To Proclaim, phailana, zahiri. ,mash'hur k. , 
jari k., {outlatf) gunahgar ko mulk se 
bankne ke liye i''lam jari k., {publickly) 
pukar(f . ,(Sy Aea<o/V7™)«)dhandhora bajana 

Proclaimeu, munadi, {by beat of drum) 
dhandhoriya. Proclaiming, tashhir. 

Person who Proclaims the titles of a general 
or wazir, maidani. 

Proclamation, manadi, \i\\W\a.T,{bybeat of 



drum) dhandhora, dondl: to make — , 
tamkl-pitna. 

To Procrastinate, aj-kal *., imroz-farda 
*. , takhir k. , talna, der A. 

Procrastinated, {adj.) mu'akhkhir. 

Procrastination, bilamb, tilkhir, dirang. 

To Procreate, janmanii, nikalna, paida k. 

Procreation, wilad, tawallud, paida'ish. 

Procurable, muyassar, jurawan, dast-yab. 

Procurator, dusre ka kar-guzar, wakil. 

To Procure, paida k., jurana, basil k., 409. 

To ie Procured, patna, jurna, milna, 409. 

Procurement, jura'o, husfd, tahsll. 

Procurer, hasil-karnewala, dallal, bharwa. 

Procuress, dallala, kutni, dQti, dhandhala. 

PRODiGAL(s!jis<.)ura'ii,lutera,shuhda,(arf;.) 
kharchi,kharehii,musrif,faziU-kharch.2i3i 

Prodigality, israf, war-kharchi, talaf. 

Prodigious, bahut bara, azim, ajib, achraj. 

Prodigiously, achambhe se, ta'ajjub se. 

Prodigy, u''juba, ajab cbiz, achambha. 

Produce, basil, mahsai, {profit) naf , liusid, 
fa'ida, labh: — {of agriculture) ser-ljasil: 
— of the earth, ghalla : — of trees, sar- 
-darakhti : to — , {bring forth) ^&\d.a. k., 
nikalna, lana, {yield) upjana, dena, {show) 
hazir k., dikhana, {cause) uthana, dalna, 
machiina, bar-pa k. : — young, janua. 

Produced, {adj.) paida, sadii-, utpann ; any 
thing — , nashat: to be — , paidaA.,upajna. 

PRODUCER,mubdi'.PRODUCING,(lBC0»»^0S.) 

khez : — what is wanted, hiijat-bar-ar. 
Product, basil, samara, phal: — ofmidti- 

plication, basil-i-zarb. 
Production, paida'ish, {product) basil, 

phal, {written) tasnif, insha. 
Productive, sansgar, upja'ii, zar-khez. 
PROFANATiON,pakkona-pakA.,be-imtiyazi. 
Profane, be-imtiyaz, be-adab, {worldly) 

dunya-dar,(!»Mp«re)murdar,na-pak: to — , 

{violate) na-pak k. , {pollute) aluda k. , palid 

*.,(m!sop7>;y)na-munasabatsemusta"mal*. 
Profanely, na-paki se, be-adabi se. 
Profaneness, khuda kl be-izzati, be-adabi. 
roPROFESS,ikrari.,kahna,izharX-.,saf-zahiri. 
Professedly, ikraran, zahiran. 
Professing, {adj.) mukirr. 
Profession, pesha, byauhar, birfa, shewa, 

sinii'at, kasb, (rfecfera</on) ikrar, i'tiraf. 
Professional, amali, pesha-mansiib. 
Professor, mudarris,mu'alhm,ustad,pathak 
PROFESsoRSHip,mudarrisi,uhda-i-mu'allimi 
To Proffer, arz k., age rakhna, nazr *. 
Proficiency, tarakki, maharat, isti'dad. 
Proficient, mahir, guni, wakif-i-kar. 
Profile, taswir-i-ekchashmi, ek-rukha. 
Profit, fB'ida,naf*,labh,hasil,siid,tahsil,yaft, 

manfa'at : — and loss,diena pana, slid batta. 
To Profit, naf k., fa'ida k., fU'ida uthana. 
PROFiTABLE,fa'ida-mand,mufid,nafi', 1 343. 

S K 



Profitableness, siid-maTuli, ia'ida-mandi. 

Profitably, ba-&'ida, fa'ida-mandi se. 

Profited, bahra-mand, bahra-yab, 1343. 

Profiting, {adj.) mustafid, muntafi'. 

Profitless, be-fU'ida, la-ljasil, {vain) abas. 

Profits, mahasil. 

Profligacy, badkarl, fisk, fujur. 

Profligate, {adj.) dur-achari, bad-kar, 
{subst.) rind, luchcha, lukandra, shuhda. 

Profound, {deep) amik, gambbir, gahra, 
{learned) allaraa, fazil, {low) nicha, {abs- 
tracted) mughlak, dakik : — {sayings) 
ghawamiz. Profoundness, Profun- 
dity, umuk, samk, {in learning) fazTlat. 

Profuse, fazul-kharch, war-kharch, musrif. 

Pbofuseness, Profusion, fazid-kharchi, 
israf, {plenty) ifrat, phaila'o. 

Progenitor, jadd. Progenitors, pusbt. 

Progeny, aulad, al, santan, nasi, bans, santat. 

Prognostic, alamat, nishan, pesh-khabari. 

Z'oPROGNOSTicATE,agam kahna,pesh-go'ii. 

Prognostication, dalil, pesh-go'i. 

Prognostic ATOR, agam-gyani,agam-bakta. 

Progress, pesb-rawani, chal, raftar, tarakki. 

PROGRESSioN,pesh-rau'i,age chalna, tarakki 

Progressive, pesh-rau. Progressively, 
rafta-rafta, ba-tadrij, hote-hote. 

Zb Prohibit, man" k., baram rakhna, rokna. 

Prohibited, (arf;.)baram, mahjur, mabriim, 
manhi,mamnu': — Jyto»,zawajir-i-shar'!. 

Prohibition, man", manahi, manha'i, kada- 
ghan.nafi, mumana'at, rok, imtina'",nahi. 

Prohibitory, mani", mumana'at-amez. 

Project, mansfiba, kasd, tajwiz, tadbir. 

To Project, {contrive) kasd *.,mansiiba k., 
tajwiz k., {cast foncard) dalna, {jut out) 
dab ana, nikal ana, ubhar ana. 

Projectile, mutaharrik. 

Projectiles, ashya-i-mutaban-ik. 

Projection, zor se phenkna, {jutting out) 
nikal, ubbiir. Projector, mansiiba- 
-baz, mujid, mukhtari". 

Prolapsus ani, raikh, kanch : having a ■ — , 

To Prolate, kahna, uchchama, nchcharna. 
Prolific, phal-dar, {as a female) bachcha- 

-kash, kasiru-1-aulad, larkori. 
Prolix, tawil, atwal : — speaker, fazfd-go. 
PROLixiTY,tul, tul-i-kalam,darazi, 332,594. 
PROLOGUE,natak ka sar-aghaz, mukaddama. 
To Prolong, tawil *., daraz k., barbana. 
Prolongation, tat.wil,imtidad, {delay) der. 
Prolonged, {adj.) mutawwal, mumtadd. 
PROMENADE,tafarruj keliye sair, sairki rah. 
Prominence, ubhar. uncha'i. Prominent, 

ubhra bu'a, {conspicuous) namiid, zahir. 
Promiscuous, makhlut, amekbta,mila hii'a. 
Promiscuously, be-tartibise, ghal-mell se. 
Promise, wa"da,bachan,ikrar,kaul,paiman : 

to receive a — , bacban lena. 



2358 



PRO 



Tu Promise, wa'da k. , uhd k. , baclian <?., 1 4 1 . 
Promise- BREAKER,wa'da-khilaf,alid-shikan 
Promise-breaking, (subst.) ahd-shikanl. 
Promised, {adj.) ma'hud, mau'fid. 
Promising, {giving hope) ummed-baUisIi, 

honhar: — much and performing nothing , 

{adj.) dapol-sankh. 
PROMissoRY,kararI,shartI: — J!0<e,tamassuk 
Promontory, zamin ki khonch(?),sring,nok. 
To Promote, (/or!«arrf)uktarna,takwiyat d., 

ta'idf/., (exa//)barhana,barai. ,sar-faraz k. 
Promoted, sar-faraz : to be — ,nikalcbaliui. 
Promoter, uktaru, ori, pachchlii, saha'i. 
Promotion, tarakki, sarfarazi, barhtl, raf at : 

to get — , phutna. 
Prompt, {quick)tez, chalak, chaukas, {ready) 

taiyar, hazir: — payment, nakd-a-nakd. 
7bPR0MPT(in<M7e)tahrIk(?.,targhIbd.,((fa*A.) 

shitalna,(renjind)yaddUana,jatana,chitana 
Prompter, yad-dih, {instigator) maharrik. 
Promptitude, cliaukasa'l,chalaki,jaldi,tezl. 
To Promulgate, ishtihar k., zahir k. 
Promulgation, ishtihar, izhar, shuhrat. 
Promulgator, mushtahir, mukhbu-. 
Prone, sir-jhuka, zer-ru, {inclined) ma'il. 
Proxeness, mail, raghbat, khwahish.shauk. 
Prong, kanta, shakh, siil. 
Pronominal, zamiri. 
Demonstrative PRONOUN,ism-i-ishara : i?iter- 

rog. — , harf-i-istif ham : personal — ,zamlr. 
To Pronounce, ada A., uchcharna, talaflfuz 

k. : — judgment, fatwa d. : — sentence of 

death, katl ka hukm d. 
To be Pronounced, uchcliarna. 
Pronunciation, uchchar, talaft'uz.makhrai. 
Proof, {trial) imtihan, tajriba, parakh, az- 

ma'ish, {argument) dalJl, hujjat, burhan, 

dalalat, {evidence) shahadat, gawahl, wuzuh 

(hardness) be-nafazi, {in printing) musaw- 

wada, {adj.) sakht, na-mumkin-i-nafaz : 

supported by document or — , sanad-war. 
Proofless, be-dain, mashkiik. 
Proofs, adilla, dala'il. 
Prop, tham, rukn, uthangan, thek, tckan, 

chan(l,pushtl,balll,nikasta: to — , thamna, 

sambhalna, arna, thopna, tekna. 
To Propagate, janmana, paida k., {spread) 

pbailana. Propagated, {adj.) upajit. 
Propagation, wiladat, tawallud, (sprcadm^) 

intishar, pbaila'o, pasar. 
To Propel, age daurana, chalana, dagrana. 
PROPENSiTY,mail,raghbat: havinga — ,mii'il 
PROPER,(^/)muna8ib,uchit,iri'ik,wajib,joga, 

ba-ja, (j'i«<)duru8t, thik, {peculiar)]ihai!f. 
Properly, ba-ja, thik-thikk, liyakat se. 
Properties, khawa^j : good — of mankind, 

akjilak. 
Property, klia??iyat, subhav, kliaflat, gun, 

{riches, goods) ma\, amwal, dhan, {estate) 

sarkar, ta'alluka: — of humanity, gun. 



PRO 

Prophecy, agam-bakta'i, ghaib-dani : gift 
of — , nubuwat. To Prophesy, age se 
batlana, ghaib ki khabar kahna. 

Prophet, nabi, paigham-bar : the — Mu- 
hammad, rasiil. 

PROPHETic,PROPHETiCAL,nabawi,paisham. 
barana. Prophets, ambiya, rusul. 

Propinquity, nazdiki, kurbat, kurb, {affi- 
nity) karabat, wasila, rishta. 

To Propitiate, manana, mutawajjih *. 

Propitiation, mihrban-sazi, {atonement^ 
kafira. Propitiatory, mihrban-saz, 
kafara-amez : — offerings, sadal<a, 2047. 

PROPiTions,kirpal,mihrban,dayal,musa'id. 

Propitiously, mihrbiini se, shafakat se. 

Propitiousness, muwiifakat, sa'd, daya. 

Proportion, munasabat, tanasub, andaza, 
{share) bissa, baata, {symmetry) su-daull, 
{in arithmetic) ilm-i-siyak kii ek ka'ida : 
in the — , ba-hasb. 

Proportionable, barabar-andaza ya ham- 
-miljdar hone jog. Proportional, 

barabar, ham-kadr ; — part, hissa-rasad. 

Proportionally', barabar-andaze se. 

Proportionate, munasib, barabar. 

.L, bat, sukhan. kaul, darkhwast. 
,izharA".,arzA'., kahna: — to one's 
self kasd k. Proposed, {adj.) maksQd. 

PROPOsiTioN,suwal,masla,arz,(m/o^!c)tark. 

TbPROPOUND, izhar A., darpesh*., agelana. 

Proprietor, maUk,liakk-dar, sahib, swami. 

Propriety-, durusti, shayastagi, liyakat. 

Propulsion, age chalana: violent — , dab. 

Prorogation, tatwil, ta'wlk, wakfa, nagha. 

To Prorogue, nagha A., maukuf A-., antar d. 

To Proscribe, ilzam lagana,katl ka hukm d. 

Proscription, katl ka hukm sadir A. 

Prose, nasr, kalam-i-mansiir: — writer, 
nasr-nawls. To Prosecute, {sue) adalat 
men naUsh A., mukaddama A., {follow) 
pichhe lagna, {carry on) kartaj'. 

Prosecution, pairau'j, (sttit) mukaddama, 
{carrying on) be-wakfi. 

PROSECUTOR,daman-gIr,mudda'i,badi, 1 70 1 . 

Prosely'te, wuh shakhs jo apne din se bar- 
gashtahokar dusre din kanau-mu'takid ho. 

Prosody, ilm-i-aruz,pingal,mizan. [ummed 

Prospect, madd-i-nazar, pesh-nazar,(Ao/)e) 

Prospective, diir-bin, pesh-bin, pesh-hh:"iz. 

Prospectus, kitab kfi musawwada. 

To Prosper, ban-ana, bakhtvilr /;., (ti. a.) 
barakatrf., (Mn'w) panapnii, balidaA. : to 
begin — qfter adversity, din phirna,li64. 

Prosperity, fali'-mandl, daulat-mandi, 
sa'adat-mandi, ikbiil, bajcht-yari, bahra- 
mandi, bhag-mauT, kam-yabi, nek-bakliti. 

Prosperous, kam-yab, bahra-mand, ikbi'd- 
-mand, Jali'-mand, bakhtawar. 

Prostitute, kasbi, beswa, chliinal, kal.iba, 
mal-zadi, paturiyfi, kanchaui. 



PRO 

Prostitution, chhinala,beswa-pana,kahba- 
-gi, chhinal-pana : wages or hire of — , 
bharii'a-i, chudwa'i. 

Prostrate, para hii'a,gira hu'a : — in ado- 
ra<ioM,sajid,sar basujud: — ontheground, 
chhiti-chhan : to be — , gir-parna, ashtang- 
-pranara A. : to — , girad.; — one's self at 
the feet of another, panwparnii. 

Prostration, dandwat, sujiid, {depression) 
malal, udasi, dil-girl. 

To Protect, palua, paniih d., liimayat A. 
bachana. Protected, {adj.) ■ mahfuz, 
(aided) mansiir, (cherished) nawakhta. 

Protection, himayat,bacha'o, panah,muha- 
fai;at,rachchha,aman,(cot)ermy)ot,ar,saya, 
(;)a««)chhor-chitthi : to seek — , panah kisi 
se mangna : to take — , daman pakarna, 
dum men ghusna, saya tale ana. 

Protector, hami,hafiz,himayatl,rachchhak, 
(patron)on, dast-gir, murabbi : — of sub- 
jects, ra'aiyat-parwar. 

Protectress, hamiya. 

Protegee, arthiya, asrit, ri'ayati. 

Protest, inkar, bar aks ikriir, (on a bill of 
exchange) hundi na manziir karne se adalat 
ke wakil se us ki pusht par likhwa lena. 

To Protest, inkar A., bar aks ikrar A., (a 
bill) hundi na manzur kame se adalat ke 
wakil se us kl pusht par likhwa lena. 

Protestation, inkar, ghair-kabiili, kaul. 

Protocol, asl-Ukha, mankiil min-hu. 

Prototype, asl, ad, namuna, nuskha. misiil. 

To Protract, tawil A., barhana, (delay) 
der A., dirang A. Protracted, {adj.) 
multawi, imtidad: to be — , daraz h. 

Protraction, imtidad, tatwil, takhir. 

roPROTRUDEiphOt nikalna, (v. a.)age thel d. 

Protrusion, age thelna, nikal parna. 

Protuberance, dhibka,ubhar,gilat,giimra. 

Protuberant, ubhra hu'a,phiila h(i*a,iincha 

7'oPROTUBERATE,phulnii,ubharnii,nikalana. 

Proud, maghriir,mutakabbir,magra,dambhi, 
sir-charhii: tobe — ,damaghA.,rag charhna. 

Proudly, ghururse: toad — , damagh A. 

7'oPROVE,(CTmee)sabit A.,sach A., dalalat A., 
(try) imtihan A.,azmanii, (experience) taj- 
riba A., (happen) ho-j., nikalna : to cause 
to — , kasiina. 

Proved, (arf;'.)sabit,mujarrab,mash'hud : to 
be — ,sabitA.,tliaharna,(rfaAA.)angkulagua. 

Proveable, sabit hone ke kabil. 

Provender, charpa'on ki khyrak, chiira. 

Prover, (assayer) parakhaiya. 

Proverb, masal, kahawat, ?arb-i-ma.sal. 

Proverbial, majlana, zarbu-1-masli. 

To Provide, (prepare) taiyar A.,muhaiya A., 
(supply) dena.sarbariili A., («<!pu/a<e)shar!: 
A. , badna : — against, tadiiruk A. ; — for, 
fikr A., khabar lenii. 

Provided that, dar-?urate-ki, ba-sharfe-ki. 



PUB 

Providence, {af God) khudii'i, razzaki, 

{foresight) agrasoch, dur-andeshl. 
PROviDENT,dfii--andesh,pesh-bin,agrasochI. 
Providential, az kudrat-i-allah sakhta. 
Providentially, khuda-sazi se. 
Providore, modi. 

Province, suba,diyar,(o^'ce)kam,khidmat. 
Provinces, subajat, mamalik. 
Provincial, sube ka, dihatl. 
Proving, {adj.) mumtahin : — to be true, 

{adj.) muhakkik. 
Provision, tahlya, tadanik, {food) khana, 

gbiza, khurak, ahilr, {stipulation) sbart. 
Provisional, hal ke liye mukarrar, sharti. 
Provisionally, shart se, ba-shart. 
PROvisioNS,(/oorf)zad,ulufa,sIdha,zakhira, 

kbiirdani : — for travelling, zad-i-rah. 
Proviso, sharf.ikrar; with this — ,is shai-t se. 
Provocation, chir ka kam, chir ki chlz. 
Provocative, Idiashm-angez, mubahhi. 
lo Provoke, {rouse) uthana, chherna, {en- 
rage) khashmniik A., chirana, {incite) 
talirik d., harakat d. 
To be Provoked, chirna,risiyana,jhunjhliina. 
Provoking, {adj.) gh azab-angez ; act of — , 

chher-chbar. 
Provost, {of a college) sardar-i-madrasa, 

{military executioner) lashkari jallad. 
Prow, matha, galahi, mang. 
Prowess, jur'at, shuja'at, dileri, bahaduri. 
Tb Prowl, shikar ke liye phirna,nis-chara'i A. 
Prowler, nis-char. 
Prowling, {subst.) nis-charii'!. 
Proximate, karil), nazdik, samlp, kantba. 
Proximity, kuvb, kurbat, nazdiki, samipl. 
¥-si.o-!LY,{delegation)myi\i3.t,{delegate)na.'\h. 
Prude, aurat jo makar se bari sharmlll ho. 
Prudence, ilitiyat, hoshyari, pesh-bini. 
Prudent, hoshyar, chaukas, mudabbir. 
Prudently, ba-hoshyari, imtiyaz se. 
Prudery, makar ki laj. 
Prudish, makar se sharm-numa. 
2b Prune, taraslma, chhantna : — trees, 

kainchi A. To he Pruned, chhatna. 
Pruning-hook, hansu'a. 
To Pry into, bhedlena, tajassus A., jasusi k. 
Psalm, astut. Psalmist, astut-kari. 
Psalms of David, zabiir. 
Pshaw ! phish, uf, chhi, wah. 
PsiDiuM j)yriferum, amriit, saM am, 757. 
PsiTTACus, hiriiman. 
Pteris lunulata, parsiyawushan. 
Pteropus edulis, {dalch.) chamgadal. 
PnBERTY.bulugh.buliighat, jauban,taruna'i : 
at the age of — , {ailj.f.) joban-watl : a 
girl just grown up to — , nava-bala. 
PuBES, pashm, peru, jhant, kala bal, 1997. 
Public, (ar//.)rimm,amiim, mushtarak, {no- 
torious) masli'liur, ma'ruf, {subst.) khallf, 
kliala'ik. khawass o awamm : — court or 



PUL 

audience, bar-i-amm,bargrdi-i-amm : to be 
made, or to become, or be — , plmtiia, 
phailna, zahir h. 

Publican, bhathiyara, sahib-i-sara, {tax- 
gatherer) rah-dar. Publication, iiihar, 
ishtihar, {of a book) chhapke zahir k. 

Publicity, khass o amra ke pas i!ahirA.,izhar. 

Publicly, zahiran, alaniyatan, ashkara. 

To Publish, mash'hiir k.: — a book, kitab 
chhapna. Published, {adj.) mash'hur, 
muntashar, manshur. 

Publisher, mash'hiir karne-wala, {of a 
book) kitab chhapne-wala. 

Publishing, {subst.) shuhra : {tiews) nashr. 

To Pucker, cliln d., batorna, tah A., jhol d. 

Puckering, {subst.) jhol. 

Pudding, gipa: black — , kulina: hasty — , 
firm. iSeWer 0/' Puddings, gipa'i. 

Puddle, dabra, dabra-dahra, chhaprl : to 
— , hindorna. ^Pudenda, Pudendum, 
joni, bur, jahaz, aurat, farj. 

Puerile, larke sa, bachchagana, chhulohla. 

Puerility, larka'I, larak-pan, fiflanagi. 

Puff, jliakora, phiink, jhok, farrata, 399. 

roPuFF,(i).».)phulna,hawase phiilDa,(». a.) 
phulana, phiinkna: — and blow, honkna : 

— i/ferior )fares,ankhon meii khak dalaa : 

— off goods, chhirak-kar bechna. 
Puffed up, {adj.) phulka: to be — with 

pride, phiilna, 

PuFFY,hawase pbula hu'a,pur-hawa, phulka. 

PuG,gatarmal, {dog) palii hii'a chhota kuttii. 

Pugilism, musht-zani. PuGiLiST,mushtzan. 

Pugnacious, laraka, jhagralii, lar-waiya. 

Puisne, chhota, khiird, adna, kihtar. 

Puissance, kudrat,kuwat,miknat,zor,dilerT. 

Puissant, mahaball, zor-awar, tawana. 

PuKE,dawa-i-kai-awar : to — ,kai k., raddi. 

PuLA'o,pula'o,(Amrfo/)zarda,yakhmpula'o. 

Pull, khaiuch, jhatka, kashish, khichaw. 

7'oPuLL,khainchna,ainchQa,tanna,jhatakna, 
ghasTtna, {pluck) torna, chhinna, {tear) 
pharna, khasotna : — down, {raze) tor- 
-dalna, (lha,na.,{degrade)zer i.,latarna : — 
q^, utiirna : — on, charhana, paharna : — 
out, nikalna : — out a ^oM,ukharna : — , 
{out hairs) khosna, {the hair) khasotna : 

— tight, tanna : — in concord together, 
hathi-hath k. : — up, {root up) uparna, 
ukharna: — up {a horse)bag lena.thamna. 

Pulled in, {adj.) kashlda. To be Pulled, 
khichna,khinchna : — out,mka.lna., karhna. 

Pullet, bachcha-murglu, jawan murghi, 
pathiya. Pulley", ghirni, phirki. 

Pulling, (sMfcsi.)khainch,(rfaiA.)khainchat, 
{in compos.) kash: — backwards and for- 
tvards, kash-ma-kash : — and hauling, 
khaiucha-khaiiichi, nok-jhok. 

Pulmonary-, shush ka, phephre ka. 

Pulp, giida, maghz, narm chiz. 



PUR 



2359 



Pulpit, mimbar. Pulpy, gudguda, narm, 
pur-maghz. To Pulsate, dharakni. 

Pulsation, tapish, dharak, jumbish. 

Pulse, nabz,narl,(/)ten<*)masin,masur,dal, 
arhar,mung,kala'i,kisarI,rabla,chana,tor, 
tu'ar, nukhud ; four or meal of — , besan : 
one who feels the — , nariya, nabbaz: split 
or ground — , chuni, daliya : to feel the — , 
nabz dekhna. Pulverable, bukne-jog. 

To Pulverize, bukna, misna. 

Tb 4c Pulverized, rulna, misna. 

Pumice-stone, jhama. PnMP,pani uthane 
ki kal, {shoe) ek kism ki patli jutl. 

To Pump, pichukke se piini uthana, {a 
person) uktana. 

PuMPioN, Pumpkin, kadu, kadima, kondha. 

Pumpkins, Sec. pickled in sour milk, ra'eta : 
instrument for cutting and cleaning — , 
Sfc, kadu-kash. 

PnN,jugat,slesh,maz'haka: to — ,jugat bolna. 

Punch, {tool) chhe'oiii, (KyMor) ek kism ki 
sharab, {buffoon) maskhara, bhand : to — , 
chhe'oni mama, chhedna. 

Puncheon, chhap, chhe'oni, {cask) pipa. 

Punctilio, takalluf. 

Punctual, thik, wa"da-wafa,khara, sachcha. 

Punctuality, kamal, khara'i, sachcha'I. 

To Punctuate, nukta-i-wakfa d. 

Punctually', rasti se. 

Punctuation, fikre banane men ja-ba-ja 
munasabat se nukta-i-wakfa baithlana. 

Puncture, chobha, chhed, surakh, nesh : 
to — , giidna, chubhana, chinh d. 

Pungency, tezi, jhal, biddat, karwahat. 

Pungent, hadd, tez, tita, karwa, tund, 865. 

PvnicA granatttm, anar, darim, nar. 

7b Punish , saza d. , saza k. , dandna,siyasati. 

Punishable, saza dene ke kabil, wajibu-t- 
-ta'zir. Punished, {adj.) mu'lzzab. 

PuNisHER, tarak. 

Punishment, mu'akabat, saza, sijasat.azab, 
ukubat, tamblh : — inflicted for religious 
offences, hakk\i-\-\a.h : — of crimes against 
society, bakku-n-nas : to receive the — of 
one'sfaullsorcrimes,k]iamiya2.a. khauichna 

Punk, fal.iisha, kasbi, kahba, chhinal. 

Punning to the eye, tajnis. 

Punster, jugat-baz. To Punt, khe'ona. 

Puny, chhota, khurd, kam-zor, kotah. 

Pup,kutti kabachcha: to — , kutti ka byanfi. 

PuPiL,shagird,chela,muta'allam,sikh,(q/Me 
eye) putll, mardum-i-chashm, mardumak. 

Pupilage, shagirdi, halat-i-talmlz. 

Puppet, putll, piitla, kath-putll, la'bat. 

PuppETSHOW, putll ka tamasha, pe^na : 
— man, shab-baz. 

Puppy, kuttI kii bachcha, pilla, sag-bacha. 

Purblind, tyondha, chiindha, kotah-nazar. 

Purchase, bisah,kharid, mol, shira, gahki. 

To Purchase, kharldna, mol-lena, lena. 



2360 



PUI 



Purchased, (adj.) kharida, (as a slare) zar- 
-kharida : — under value, kifayati. 

Purchaser, kharldar, mushtarl, gahak. 

Trifling Purchases, khonchi. 

PuRCHASixG, {snbst.) kharidari, mol-tol. 

Pure, {clear) saf, nirmal, nirmala, shaffaf, 
(clean) pak, sudh, pabitr, such, (genuine) 
khara, khalis, chokha, nab, (mere, simple) 
sirf, kliali. mahz. nira. khass. (cAas<e) tahir, 
afifa, (as language) shusta, sahih : — lan- 
guage, shusta-guftgu : — limpid water, 
zulal : to maJce — , nirtana. 

Purely, salS'i se, nirmalata se, sirf, mal.iz. 

PuRENESs, nirmalata, paki, safa'i, sarahat. 

PuRGATiOK,tat'hir,tasfiya,pak-sazi,saf-sazi. 

Purgative, mus'hil: name of a — seed, 
kala-dana. Purgatory, a'raf. 

Purge, juUab, jhara, dast: to ■ — , saf A-., (hy 
medicine) pet chalana, hagana. 

To be Purged, pet ana, pet pani A. 

Purging, (stibst.) is'hal, petaukha, tankiya. 

Purification, tat'hir, tasfiya, tuhr: — by 
ablution, Sfc, sauch: — after the offices of 
nature, istinja : vessel for — , mat 'hara. 

Purified, (adj.) mutahhar, munakka. 

PuRiFiER,mutahhir,saf-(orpak-)kamewala. 

To Purify, safA., paki., (».n.)safA.,pakA. 

Purity*, saia'i,safi,pakl,naka,taharat,(c^as- 
<i7y)parsa'i,iifat,ismat,(AoWness)takaddus. 

To Purl, jhirjhirana, chhalchhalana. 

Purlieus, atraf, gird, pairaman, nawah. 

Purling, (arf;'.)chhalchhala'u, (»MSs<.)chlial- 
chhalahat. To Purloin, musna, chori k. 

PuRLOiNER, chor, chotta, utha'I-glra. 

Purple, dhuma, kuchakl, na-farman, (adj.) 
argliawani, benjni, shahabi, lal, gul-fam. 

PiRPORT, murad, matlab, maksad, ma'ni. 

Purpose, matlab, irada, kasd, niyat, gbaraz. 

To Purpose, irada *., kasd k., mansiiha k. 

PuRP0SELY,jan bujhke,amdan,kasdan, 1 113. 

To PoRR, khar khar k. 

Purring, (of a cat) khur khur. 

Purse, thaill, kisa, surra, hamyani, tora. 

Purse-bearer, fota-dar : privy — , 409. 

To Purse, batoma, (contract) sakorna. 

To open the Purse, tukma-i-jaib kliolnS. 

Pdrseproud. dhanandh, mill-mast, 1898. 

PuRSF,R,jahaz ka tahwIl-dar,orkirani(iJo?4.) 

Pubslain, baklatu-1-hamkS, khurfa, lona. 

PuRsnANT,ba.mrijib,mawafik,hasb,mutiibik 

7>)PuRSUE,pIchhiii.,pIchhe lagna.dar paiA., 
pairau-i *., (hunt) kliaderna, ragedna, 
(prusecute)'pmii parna : — an J;«c<,khayal 
papiii : — pleasures beyond one's reach, 
jibh barhanii. PtiRSUiNG,(a(/;.)muta'5kib. 

Pursuit, pichha, pairau-i, (chase) khader, 
raged, (»farc/()khoj,taftIsh : in — pai, dnr- 
-pai : to be in — , dar-pai A., dar-pai rahna. 

PunsTiivANT, yasawal,chob.dar,a?ri-bardar. 

7'oPunvEV,khi.irrik pabunchana, sarban'ili k. 



QUA 

Purveyor, bbandari, ibtimamcbi. 

PuRULENCE, pib kl paida'ish, rad, rim. 

Pus, pIb, riid, chirk, rim, manj, resh, 597. 

PusH.takkar, pel.rel, dhakka, (thrust) khod. 

To Push, relna, dhakelna, dhakka rf., pelna, 
jhonkna, thelna, (urge) takaijrud k., hid d. 

Pushing, (adj.) dE-chala, sahib-i-himmat. 

Pusillanimity, be-jur'atl, be-himmati. 

Pusillanimous, be-himmat, hiz, kha'if. 

Puss, sehya, manu'a ; — pms, mun-mun. 

Pustule, chhala, pansa, phunsi, 589. 

To Put, rakhnii, dalna, dharna, (apply) 
lagana : — aside(ward off)t!AmiL,(separate) 
algana : — by, (save) rakh d., rakh chhor- 
na: — down, (place) dharna, rakh d. : — 
ybrM,nikalna, (shoots) shugiifa lana : — in 
mind, sudhana, manana : — off, (defer) 
talna, tawakkuf k., (evade) tal d., bat 
dharana : — off' wi^^a joke, chutkiyon 
meii urana: — ore,pafflmna,pahama,orhna, 
pinhana, (a««a>ne)dharna, bannii : to cause 
— OK,pahnana : — out, (extinguish)hnjh- 
ana, gul k., (the eyf«)phorna : — to death, 
katl i.jgardan mama : — together, gantb- 
na : — to rights, thik k. , sentna : — to 
sleep, parana, sulana : — itp with, sahna. 

Putative, Uiiyall, kiyasi, wahmi. 

Putrefaction, saran, sarahat, bosTdagi. 

T'oPnTREFY,ausna,ubasna,sarna,(ti.a.)galana 

Putrescent, gumsa, sarta hu'a. 

Putrid, muta'affin, ganda, boslda. 

Putting off, (subst.) nagha, tal-tol. 

Putty, kala'i-kushta, le'i. 

PuzzLE,u!jhera,ghabr!ihat,(r7'rfrf?e)mu'amma 

To Puzzle, hairan k., muzabzab men dalna. 

Puzzled, (adj.) ghot-gjiat. 

Pyramid, gaw-dum, manar. 

PYBE,murde jalane ke liye lakri ka dher,chita. 

Pyrus communis, nashpati. 



Quack, (boaster) liif-zan, khud-farosh, (in 
medicine) kachcha tabib, mm-hakTm : — 
medicine or nostrum, latka. To Quack, 
(boast) lafzanl k., (as a duck) kan kan k. 

Quackery, kath-baid-i (.'), dawii-bazl. 

Quadrangle, shakl-i-cliaugosha. 

Quadrangular, murabba', chau-khuntji. 

Quadrant, chautha hisja, (instmmeni) 
rub'i-da'ira ke charhil'o miipne ki ek alat. 

Quadrate, (syware)murabba', (suited) bar- 
abar.thik : to — ,miln!i, bariibar A.,thlk A. 

Quadratic, murabba', murabba'-mansub. 

Quadrating, (adj.) farilkhiir. 

Quadrature, tarbl", da'ire ko murabba" 
bananii, (of the moon) chand ka pahla yii 
iikliir hafta. 

Quadrennial, chau-sanl, chau-sfda. 



QUA 

Quadrilateral, chau-pahlii. 
QuADRiLiTERAL,chau-liarfi. Quadrille, 

ganjife ka ek khel,(rfonee)ek taurkanach. 
Quadruped, char-pa, char-paya, sutur, 900. 
Quadrupeds, mawashl. 
Quadruple, char-chand, chau-guna. 
To Quaff, dhokn!i,bahut pina.shauk se pina. 
Quaggy, daldala, daldali, panka (?), narm. 
Quagmire, chor-zamin,daldal,dhasan,piink. 
Quail, bater, lawa. Quails, salwa. 
Quake, larza, kamp, dar se thartharl : to — , 

jare ya dar se thartharana,kampna,kapna. 
Quaking, (subst.) kap-kapi, larzish, 2170. 
Qualification, liyiikat, hunar.isti'dad, 35. 
7'oQuALiFY,(/0sazawiiri.,k.ibiU-.,m'ik*., 

(abate) mukhaffaf k., (regulate) banana. 
Qualities, ausaf, khisid, khawass, malkat : 

all — , possessing all — , (the Deity) sar- 

-gun : to pass over a man's good — , gun 

chhandna. Quality, khassiyat, khaslat. 

gun,sifat,sll,mahiyat,(ra«i)martaba,paya: 

the — , umara, shurafa. 
Qualm, hik, (of conscience) gunah ke liye 

achanak pasheman A. 
Qualmish, matlaha, gunih ke liye achanak 

ta'assuf-khor yii be-kal. QuANTiTY,kadr, 

mikdar, kamiyat : a — , kadre. 
Quantum, jumla, jam', (sAare)hissa, bantii. 
Quarantine, chilla, chalisi : to keep — , 

chillii khainchna. 
Quarrel, jhagra, kaziya, bigar, bakhera, 

ragra : one who excites — , kaziya-dalliil : 

to engage in another's — , jhagra pakarna : 

to seek and persist in a — or dispute, gale 

kahar A.: to take on one's self another's — , 

kaziya mol lena. 
To Quarrel, jhagarna,ka?iya i.,larna, 348. 
Quarrelling, (sttis<.)big!ir,jhanjhat,jhagra 
QuARRELSOME,bakheriya,jhagralu,rari,322. 
Quarry, akar, patthar ki kiiu, kan-i-sang. 
Quart, karib ek ser, ser-bhar. 
Quartan ague, chautliiya, humma-i-rib'! : 

having a — , murabba'. 
QuARTER,(/owr<A;;art)chautha'i,rub',pa'o, 

char-yak : — less than, paun, paune : — 

— more, with a—, sawa, sawa'i : — of a 
rupee piece, suka : — of a ser, pawwa ; 
(protection) aman, amn : calling for — , 
al-aman, amn aman : to give — , amfm d. ; 

— of a town, mahalla, tola, piiri'i, (region) 
dig,nrdjiya,((fiVe(;<ion)rukh,jiinib,samt,su, 
(;orfjrmj')mak!in,ma^5m,(o/corn)glialieki 
ek paimii'ish : — towards which it is 
deenud unlucky to travel, dig-sul, disii-siil. 

To Quarter, char l.ii?sa *., (station) tikana. 
QuARTER-DECK,daurkepiiskritutak(Boei.) 
Quarterly, (adj.) si-mahii, tri-masa. 
QuARTKR-MASTEn,pesh-khairaeka darogha : 

— general, mir-i-manzil. 
Quartile, tarbi'. 



QUI 

Quarto, chau-warka, chau-bandi. 

Quartz, ek kism ki patthar. 

To Quash , (crraA )dabana, {annul) maukiif *. 

Quassia, ek kism kl karwT dawa. 

Quatrain, rubfi'i, murabba", chau-misra . 

Quaver, tanina, lahra: to — , lahakna. 

Quavering, {in singing) marghul, gitkari. 

Quay, pushta, panghat, ghat, chabutara. 

Quean, kiittama, zan-i-fahisha, mjira. 

Queen, rani, malika, pat-ranl, badshab 
begam, {at chess) farzln : — bee, ya'sub. 

QuEER,ajab,ajib,adbhut. QuEERLY,ajibi se. 

To QuELL,dabana, torna, {appease) taskin d. 

To Quench, bujhana, thandii k., {thirst) 
bujbana. Querist, sa'il. 

Querulous, sbakl, gila-guzar. 

QuERULOUSNESS, nindaka'!,' gila-guzarl. 

Query, suwal, pursish, istifham. 

Quest, khoj, talash, taftish, just-o-ju. 

Question, suwal, pursish,istif ham, (/)roi/em) 
masla, {dispute) babasne ka bab, babs, 
{affair) bat, (rfoMi<)sbakk, kbadsha : to be 
out of the — , bahar h. : to put a — , zaban 
dalna : to -*-, puchhna, suwal i., bacban 
dalna, {examine) janchna, baz-pursi k., 
{doubt) sbakk k. 

Question ABLE, niushtabih,mashkuk,sbakkl. 

Questioner, suwali, sa'il, puchhue-wiila. 

Questioning, (fflrf;'.)ii'ustafsir,(*M4s<.)suwal. 

QnESTioNLESS,be-shubha,be-shakk,la-raib. 

Questions, masa'il, {problems) alakl. 

QuiBBLE,QuiBBLiNG,jugat,jugat-bazI,zatal 

To Quibble, zatal hankna, andpband k. 

QuiBBLFR, jugat-haz, farfandl. 

Qu I c K, (ac<i»e)phurtila,jald ,tund ,charphara, 
chatpatiya, chalak, {swift, speedy) uta'ola, 
subuk-sair, shitab, {alive) jita, zinda, {of 
opjt)reAens!on)bedar-dil,tar-baz,tez-fahm, 
{adv.) zud,(swJ«<.)jita gosht, jandfir gosbt. 

To Quicken, {vivify) jilana, {hasten) jald k. 

Quicklime, abak, bari, tafta, kalT, cbuna. 

Quickly, shitabl, jaldl, turant.jhap se,begi. 

QuiCKNESS,jaldi,shitabI,utawal,jhapat,chat- 
-patT : — of apprehension, bedar-dili, 7 19. 

Quicksand, chor-balu, reg-i-rawan. 

QuiCKSiGHTED,tez-nazar,tez-nigah,dur-bm 

QuicKSiGHTEDNEss, tez-nazarl, tez-nigahl. 

Quicksilver, para,ras,zlbak, simab -.fixed 
— , ka'imu-n-nar : of the colour of — , 
simabl. Quidnunc, shahr-khabra. 

Quiescent, be-liarakat, {letter) sakin. 

Quiet, (s<iH)sakiii, asuda, {silent) kbamosh, 
chup,(?w!7rf)bhondu,mula'im,(*K4s<.)asa'ish 
To Quiet, sakin A., santana i., tharana. 

Quietly, karar se, dhime. Quietness, 
Quietude, karar, sukun, sukunat, aram. 

Quill, par,shab-par,(o/aporei/;)ine) sahi ka 
kanta : — with which a musical instrument 
ts struck, niizrab. 
QniLT,gudar,raza'i,bala-posh,toshak,i78i. 



RAD 



RAK 



2361 



To QuiLT,tagna,dhaga dalna, nigandna, 346. 
Quilted linen, sozni : — upper garment, 

lihaf : kind of— vest wornas armoMr.dagla. 
Quilting, («M4s<.)niganda, taga'i, bakbiya: 

price paid for — , taga'i. 
One who lets Quilts /or hire, gudariya. 
Quince, bib, bibi, safarjal : — seed, bihl- 

-djina : — tree, darakbt-i-bibi. 
QuiNttUENNiAL,panj-sala.QuiNSY,khunak. 
Quinquina, kinakina, {dakh.) kinakln. 
Quintessence, khulasa. sar, sat, bir. 
Quintuple, QuiNTUPLED,pancb-giina, 1 867 
Quire of paper, kagbaz ka ek dasta : — of 

singers, gane-walon ka ta'ifa. 
Quirk, nukta, jugat, bariki, zatal. 
To QuiT,tarkX:.,tyagna,tajna,cbhorna,(pay) 

ada *. , bbarna, bhar (f . : — a path, rab 

katna : — service, kamar-kbolna. 
Quite, kbub, pura, bi-l-kuU, sar-ba-sar. 
Quitrent, warT, parjawat, khiraj, khizana. 
Quits, shart-bazi uren baraliar, irifisal. 
Quittance, farigb-kbatti, {reward) ajr. 
Quiver, tarkash, ja''ba, tukkasb, tun, ni- 

khang: wearing a ■ — , tarkasb-band. 
To Quiver, tharthariina, larazna, kapna. 
Quivering, {subst.) thartbarabat, larzisb. 
Quoit, khelne ke liye lobe ka chakkar. 
Quorum, kisi mahfil men jitne admi jamne 

se wahiiri ka kam anjam ho. 
Quota, bahra, bihrl, hissa, bakbra. 
Quotation, iktibas, dakbila. 
To Quote, iktibas k., sanad lana. 
Quoted, muktabas. Quoter, muktabis. 
Quotidian, rozana,roz-marra,yaumiya : — 

fever, tap-i-muwazaba, gurguri. 
Quotient, liasil, mablagb, kismat. 



Rabbi, yahiidiyon ka pir. 

Rabbinical, yahudiyon ke pIr ka. 

Rabbit, kbargosh, lambba, kbarba, arnab. 

Rabble, rijfda, bhir, awammu-n-nas. 

Rabid, diwanagi se mufsid, tund, diwana. 

Race, {family) kul.nizbad, nasi, bans,jins, 
kbaadan, {breed) zat, (a running) daur. 

Race-course, ghur-daur, mizmar. 

RACER,daurak. RACK,saza dene ki ek kal, 
champ, shikanja, {dakh.) kolu, {torture) 
siyasat, kasan, dhathi, {frame) machan. 

To Rack, sbikanje men khaiiichna, {strain) 
chhanke nikalna, cbhanke dbal d. 

Racket, gbul-ghapara, shor, {bat for strik- 
ing a ball) hattha, danda. 

RACK-RENT,babut ziyada khizana yakiraya. 

Radiance, cbakachaundh, jot, tajalli, lam'a. 

Radiant, munawwar, tabdar, raushan. 

TbRADiATE, chamakna, jot dalna, paitau d. 

RADi.\TiON,jagmagabat,chamka'i,lam'a-rezi 

8 L 



Radical, asli, zatT, bunyadi. 

Radish, turb, mull, fujul. 

RADius,ni?fu-I-katr. Raffle, sharti,ju'il. 

RAFT,bera,urap: — madewilh pots,f;ha.rna'i. 

RAFTER,barga,kari,koro,tarak,sakfI,kandi. 

Rag, chithra,latta,chit,darz,liprT, 464,514. 

RAGAMnFFiN,chithariya,gudariya,pajiadmI 

Rage, kahr, ghazab, ghus?a, krodh, kha.shm, 
jbanjli,taish, kop, jaljalahat : — or curse of 
a god, khor ; to — , jalna, kopna, ghussa 
A., jhunjhlana, {as a disorder) alamgir h. 

Rageful, Raging, khashm-nak, kopT, 
gbazab-nak, krodhi, {as the sea) mauj-zan. 

Ragged, chithariya,chirkutiya,(roMi/A) 1651. 

Raginglv, ghazab-naki se, ba-sbiddat. 

Ragout, dam-pukbt, kaliya. 

Rag-stone, sili. Rags and tatters, gar- 
gudar : to boil to — •, pash-pash k. 

Raia sankur, {scale, fish) sanku. 

Rail, kat'hara, kathghara: to — {enclose) 
kat'hara lagiina, kathbandl i.,(»coW) jhir- 
jhirana, gali d. 

R.\iler, ta"na-zan, ta'in. 

Railing, (/f race) berha, kat'hara, kathghara, 
1215, {reproaching) ta'na-zani. 

Raillery-, latlfa, phakkar, bazla, thatholi. 

Raiment, poshiik, kapra, libas, bastar. 

Rain, menh, baran, barish, barasta, barsh : 
continued — , jhar,jhari : driving — , bau- 
chhar: Aarrfor Aeapy— , darera, jhar, jhar, 
dhiindhiin-kar : misting — , jhusa : small 
— , phiihar, pbiihl: to — , barasna, pani 
parna, menh barasna, {v. a.) barsana, bar- 
shanii: — hard, menh chhutna : — very 
heavily, musal-dhar barasna : — without 
ceasing, jhar bandbna. 

Rainbow, bore, kaus-i-kuzah, dhanuk. 

Raindeer, ek kism ka haran. 

Rained on, matir. Raining, (arf;.) baran, 
matir, {subst.) barandagT,(m compos.) bar. 
The Rains, barsat, barsha. 
Rain-water, menh ka pani, ab-i-baran. 
Rainy, barani, barsati : — season, barsat, 
barshkal, barsha-ritu, pawas, cbau-mfisa. 
To Raise, uthana, bulandi.,kharai., unch- 
ana,(pr07M0<e)barhana, (sc< ore/ooO bar-pa 
k.,{levy)iam' k.: — an inferior above one's 
self, sir par charhana : — an army, 635. 
RAisED/rom the dead,{adj.) mahsbiir : to be 
— ,uthna,uohakna,(4e«e< on/oo<)bar-paA. 
Raisin, Raisins, kishmish,munakka, dakh. 
Raising, {in compos.) khez : — from the 
dead, {subst. ) nashr : — the voice in sing- 
ing, {subst.) tip. 
Rake, shuhda, kbarabatl, lulcandra, aubash, 
luchcha, rind, lawind, bisnl, tuebcha, {loot) 
ghas batorne ka ek bathyar : to — , {col- 
lect) batorna, jam' *., {scratch) chhilna. 
Raking, {subst.) shubda-pan, tamasb-blnl. 
Rakish, aubashana, rindana, rasila, aubash. 



2362 



RA.R 



Rakishness, aubasM, shuhda-pan, 1780. 
7'uRALLT,(<>-oqps,j;.a.)sambhalna,tliambhna, 

(».n.)sambhaIna,thamna,(Jeer)ma2aUi *. 
RAM,menclha,merha,bhera,koj, bok, bakra. 
To Ram, dbusna, thesna: — doitn, gadna. 
Ramble, sair, gasht: to — , phirna, sair *. 
Rambler, awara, barza-gard, babetu. [an. 
Rambling, (s«to^)sair,gasht,(arf7.)sar-gard- 
Rahification, shakbkl sT pbaila'I. 
To Ramify, shakh ka sa phailna. 
Rammer, mogra, durmus, thasni. 
Rampant, sholcb, Kharmast, ziyada, kasir, (m 

Aeraldry) kudne musta'idd. 
Rampart, sadd, fasll, sbabr-panah, diwar. 
R\mrod, gaz, sumba. 
Rancid, gaada, talkh, karwa, bad-bo. 
Rancidness, karwabat, bad-bo'i. 
Rancorous, kina-war, kina-kash, gbuna. 
Rancour, kapat, kina, gbun, bughz, khuns. 
Random, ittiKkl, arizT : at — , be-kasd. 
Range, (row)katar, aball, tanta, (excursion) 

sair, gasbt, (space) arsa, palla.maidan, (of a 

mmket, ^-c.)partab : to — , (ro»e) dbawna, 

ramna,pbirna,(ari-ffn^e)tartib (i.,arasta k. 
Ranger, ramne-wala:/orya»ne, mir-sbikar. 
RANK,(/e/id)bad-bu,bisabinda,(<aH)lamba, 

buland,(«MAs<.(7e^ree)martaba,rutba,paya, 

darja, {dignity) manzilat, sharaf, jab, pad, 

(row)saff, katar, panti, satar, {class) tabaka, 

kism: manof — , shan-dar, ru-dar. 
TbRANK, {j>ut in a row) panti lagana.barabar 

Xr. ,(arra«j'e)murattab k. , tartib d. , {reckon) 

shumar k., janna. 
To Rankle, kbatakna, karba A., jalna. 
Ranks, {rows) iufuf: — ofananny, masaff: 

— of war, saff-i-jang. 
7'oRANSACK,(»earcA «arrow/y)cbhan mama, 

dbundh marna, {plunder) lutna, gbarat k. 
RANSOM,chhurautI,fida,daDd : —for murder, 

kbuQ-baba: to — , fida d., chburana. 
Ransomer, kafn. 

RANT,bariabat,bak: to — , bakna.barbarana. 
Ranunculus, kakunjkl. 
RAP,dhaul,takora,tamacha : to — khatkbat- 

ana, thaktbakana: — at a door, dastak d. 
RArACious.darapda. gb aran.nichoru.zhivan. 
Rape, {ravishment) parda-dari, zat mama, 

ghasb, {plant) ek kism ki per. 
Raphe of the perineum, langar. 
Rapid, tez-rau, tund, tarkha, saiyal. 
Rapidity, tez-rau'i, beg, jaldi, tundi, tezl. 
Rapidly, jaldT, zor se, tor se, jbara-jhar. 
Rapier, nimcba, pesh-kabz. 
Rapine, gbarat, nahb, liit. Rapping, 

{subst.) kliatkana: — at a door, dastak. 
Rapture, wajd, wajdan, maganta, Ijal, 432. 
Rapturous, wajd-awar, hal-awar, dil-ruba. 
Rare, {uncommon) anQtha, anukbfi, shigarf, 

tulifa, nadir, ajib, {scarce) kam-yiib, dur- 
-labh, kain, birla, {thin) laj.if, raklk. 



RAV 

Rarefaction, tarkik, phaila'o, patla'i. 

To Rarefy, {v.n.) tigbalna, rakik h.,{v. a.) 
pigblana,raknci.,patla A. Rarely, kam, 
tbora, {finely) kbiib, kbassi tarab se. 

RAREXESs,na-yabi,kam-yabI,tuhfagT,nadiri. 

Rarities, taba'if,tuhfajat,nadirat, nawadir. 

Rarity, kam-yabi, nadiii, {thinness) latafat, 
rikkat : a — tubfa, saugbat, armaghan. 

Rascal, RASCALLioN,baram-zada, mardak, 
dagba-baz, pajl, tbag. 

RASCALiTY,harani2adagi,daghabazT,tbaga-i. 

Rascally, bad-bakbt, kamina, paji, hakir. 

R.ASH, be-ta'ammul,be-il.itiyat, uta'ola, jald, 
(«Kis^)ubbar,garmi-daua:- — spcecA,guzaf. 

Rashly-, jaldi se, uta'oli se. 

Rashness, tabawwur, jaldi, uta'oli, 429. 

RASP,reti,soban : to — ,retna,soban se gbisna 

Raspberry, mewe ki ek kism. 

R.iT,cbiiha,miisa,miisra,indur,indrir,macbh- 
andar : bandicote — , gbiis, ghiisa, khar- 
-musb : to smell a — ,chal milnii. 

Ratan, bet, bed, chhaii. 

Rate, {tax) bibri, mahsul, {price) bha'o, 
kimat, mol, {estimation) hisab, andaz : at 
any — , ba-bar-bal, ba-har-surat : to — , 
{value) bba'o k., kimat k., nirkb bandhnii, 
(esima<e)atkalna,(cAide)jhirakna,dokbna. 

Rather, {better) beshtar, bibtar, {before) 
pahla,pable, pesbtai*, {somewhat) thorsL sa, 
kucbb, {especially) kbusiisan, gbaliban. 

Ratification, takarrur, karar, takrir. 

Ratified, {adj.) karari. 

Ratifier, mustabkim (?). To Ratify, 
tbabrana, mukarrar k., mustalikim k. 

Ratio, munasabat, mikdar, andaza. 

RATiociNATiON,ta'akkul,istidlal,mabaliasa. 

Ration, ek roz ki kburak. 

Rational, niitika, zu-akl, {agreeable to rea- 
son) tab-dar, sbayasta, akli, munasib : ~ 
being, natik, zi-rub : — number, muntik. 

Rationality, cbetan, kQwat-i-idrak, nutk, 
{reasonableness) sbayastagi, 

RATioNALLY,aklse,ma''kuUyatse,ma"kulana 

Ratsbane, sammu-1-far, samu-1-khar. 

Rattle, jhankar, jhnaak, {imtrument) jhun- 
jhuna, tatibra: to — , jbanjhananii, 2180. 

Rattlesnake, ek kism ka zabr-dar samp. 

Rattling, (sM4«/.)kharkbarahat, {ofadoor) 
kliatkana: — noiseinihethroat,S^c., gha.rra. 

Ravage, pa'e-mali,wairanI,kLarabi : to — , 
pa'e-mal*.,ujarna,gbarati.,takhti.,lutna. 

roRAVE,shorida sa bakna,barbariina,jbakna 

roRAVEL,(«.a.)uljbana,abtarA.(».n.)ulajhnii 

Raven, jangli kawwa, ilhar kawwa. 

Ravenous, mar-bhukkbii, daranda. 

Ravine, nfilii jo pani ke tor se bane, ghati. 

Raving, {s)ibst.) bazyiin, bapbafa'i, 3127. 

To Ravish, (violate) burmat lenti, ba-zor 
chira utiirna, {take away by force) ba-zor 
utha Ic-^'., {transport) wajd men lanii. 



REA 

Ravisher, parda-dar, zat-khor. ziilim, jabir. 

Ravishing,Ratishment, parda-dari, (»io- 
letice) gbasb, zulm, jabr, zor, {rapture) 
wajd, bal, maganta, be-khudi. 

Raw, {not cooX-erf) kbam, am, taza, kacbcba, 
{not spu7i) na-bafta, {without skin) be-jild, 
nir-chhal,cbbila hQ'a, {cold) sard, tbanda, 
(!nea7)cr!>ncerf)anari,na-azmiida,na-wakif 

Rawboned, jbin-badda, sukta. 

Rawness, kbami, kacha'i, {inexperience) 
anar-pan, {coldness) sardi, tband. 

Ray, kiran, rans : — of light, bbSnu : — of 
the sun, khatt-i-sbu'a-i, (fish) ek kism ki 
macbhb". Rays, partau, {ofthesun)sh\ia.'. 

To Raze, {demolish) dbana, 1904, {erase) 
metua, 1846. To be Razed, mismar A., 
dhana : to cause — , dbawaua. 

Razor, ustura, cbbura, (rfaiA.)ustara, 2135. 

Reach, {power) pabuncb, dast-rasi, batb, 
kabza, {artifice) bandish, gbat, fit.rat,(4e«rf 
of a river) bank, banka'i, bank. 

To Reach, {arrive at) pahunchna, antna, 
jana, lagna, {touch) batb se pana, {stretch 
out) pasarna, (vomit) kai k. 

Difficult to Reach, dur-dast. 

Reaching, (adj.) lahik. 

To React, paltana, palat mama. 

Reaction, palta'o. 

Read, (learned) parha, khwanda : one who 
cannot — , na-khwanda. 

To Read, parbna, banchna, mutala'ai., 
patb k., (perceive) janna, ma'iiim k. : in 
a aesultory way , tappa-marna : being just 
able to — , barf-asbna : to cause or teach 
to — , parbana, parhwana, dars d. 

Reader, parhne-wala, kbwananda. (in com- 
pos.) kbwan : of the Coran, kur'iln-kbwan. 

Readily, fi-l-badiha, jaldi, fauran, dil se. 

Readiness, (preparation) taiyari, amadagl, 
isti'dad, (quickness) jaldi, shitabi, (wil- 
lingness) dil-dibi, dil-garmi, (facility) asa- 
ni, subiilat : — to quarrel, bawa se larna. 

Reading, (subst.) paj-hant, dars, path, ra- 
wani, mutala'a, kir'at: — and writing, 
nawisht-kbwand : having a knowledge of 
— and writing, (adj.) khwanda. 

Readmission, dukbiil-i-sani, pliir aned. 

To Readmit, pbir dilkbil A., pbir ijazat d. 

Ready, (prepared) taiyiir, muhaiya, musta- 
'idd, amada, (at hand) hazir, niaujiid, 
nazdik,karib, (ra^er)shaukin,shri'ik,raa'il, 
(quick) ivid, sari", chiilak, (as dinner, S(c.) 
dam-i-nakd : — cooked, pakii pakaya : — 
for battle, dast ba-kabza, kamar-band : — 
for business, rii ba-kiir : — made, banii 
banaya : — money, nakd, rok, tliok, zar-i- 
-nakd : — money purchase, dast-ba-dast : 
paying — money, (subst.) kbiish-kbarid : 
possessing — money, (adj.) nakdi : to be 
— , liazir A. : to get — , bfuiheii cliarhanfi, 



RED 



2363 



pbent brmdhnfi, kamar bfindlina : to keep 
— , lerakhnfi: to make — , taiyari., ba- 
nana : what is — , ma bazar. 
Re AL, sachcbii, tahkikl,baklki,yakinl,waki'i, 

ma'nawl. Realgar, mainsil. 
Realitv, l.iaklkat, tatwa, tayakkun : in — , 
hakikatan. To Realize, liasil *., mau- 
jud k., kar dikhlana. 
Really, waki'f, hakikatan, albatta, sach. 
Realm, mulk, padsbahat, mamlukat, raj. 
Ream, bTs dasta ya do gaddi kaghaz. 
To Reanimate, pbir jilana, pbir zinda k. 
To Reap, dirau A., katna, launa, katnl k. 
Reaper, dirau-gar, lawaiya. 
Reaping, (sulist.) dirau : — hook, kachiya, 

dasa, parsiya, hasiya, baiisu'a. 
REAR,pichhari, pichhwara, pToliha, akab ; in 
the — , {adv.) pichhe, picbhari, ba-kala, 
(adj.) pichhwara : to — , {bring up) par- 
warisb k., palna, le-palnil, poena, {up) 
barbana, utbana, khara k. , (a» a horse) 
cbiragh-pa h., sTkh-pa h., {dakh.) tararna. 
Reared, (arf/.)parward,parwarda,nawakhta. 
Reab-guard, chandawal. 
Rearer, {adj. a horse) sikh-pa. 
Rearing, {adj. a horse) sikh-pil, cbiragh- 

-pa, {subst.) palan, pratipal, 526, 568. 

To Reascend, phircharbna. 

Reason, {faculty of) akl, nutk, mudrika, 

budb, fahm, cbetan, {cause, motive) sabab, 

ba'is, mujib, karan, jihat, wasita, {argu- 

»Me«<)hujjat,nya'e : by — ,(arf».)ba-sabab, 

ba-mujib, binabar, mare, {dakh.) babon : 

by — of, kaje, {dakh.) kfij : for this — , 

{adv.) is-par, is-Uye, is-waste : for what 

— ? kis-waste : to — , balls k., munazara k. 

Reasonable, {jvst) ma'kid, tbik, wajib, 

durust, {rational) akli, zu-akl, {moderate) 

mu'tadil. Reasonableness, ma'kullyat, 

liyakat {moderation) i'tidiil. 

Reasonably, aklan, akl-maudl se, ba-in^af. 

Reasoner, bahhas, munazir, naiyayik : 

sound — , bujjati : subtile — , mu-shigaf. 

Reasoning, {subst.) mubahasa, munazara : 

— faculty, nutk : — from induction, is- 

tikra : — in a circle, daur : subtile — , 

{subst.) mu-sbigafi. 

To Reassemble, phir jam" h., pbirijlas k. 

Rebeck, rabab, sitar. 

Rebel, baghi, asl : to — , gardau-kashi k. 

Rebellion, baghawat, fasad, tug!iyan,danga. 

Rebellious, sar-kasb, baghl, taghl, sar-zor, 

ma'asi, asl, fasadi, gardan-kasb. 
Rebelliousness, gardan-kasbi. 
Rebound, palta'o : to — , palatna. 
Rebuff, jharki, ghurki, baz-andazi, zijr. 
To Rebuild, phu- ta'rair k., phir banana. 
Rebuilding, {subst.) ta'mlr. 
Rebuke, ghurki, itab, sar-zanish, goshmali. 
To Rebuke, dapatna, dantna, itab A., 1946. 



Rebus, mu'amma, lapet. 
RECALL,RECALLiNG,(./rom f)^ee)bar-kliast. 
To Rkcall, bar-kbasti., bfiz-talabi A. 
To Recant, inhiraf *., ra'e badalna, ultana. 
Recantation, irtidad, inhirfif, bargasbtagi. 
To Recapitulate, mukhtasar karke phir 

bayan k. ya kahna. 
Recapitulation, ikhtisar se phir bayan *. 
To Recede, batna, usarna, talna, phir J. 
Receipt, (arma/)daramad,rasid, (disc Aarye) 
tamassuk, pabuncb, kabz, dakhila. kabzu- 
-1-wusiil : — in full, bbarpa'i, (398). 
XTo Receive, {accept) lena, {get) pana, 
utbana, basil k., {admit) kabaii., manna: 
— respectfully, takiya d. : — ■ with both 
hands open, S^c, hath ot lena. 
Received, {adj.) makhuz, rasida : to be — , 

milna, ana, (as money) sijna. 
Receiver, kabiz, lene-wala ; — of stolen 

goods, thangi : — of taxes, tahsil-dar. 
Recent, («ew)naya,jadId,(/resA)taza,tatka. 
Recentness, Recency, tazagi, tajaddud. 
Receptacle, nidhan, ghar, khana, {in 

compos.) dan, dani. 
Reception, giriftagi, akhz {of a visitor) is- 

tikbal : favourable — , kabiil, suliik. 
Recess, {respite) nagha, wakfa, {in a wall) 
tak, ala. Recession, hatna, sidharna. 
Recipe, nuskba. 
Recipient, giranda, yabanda. 
Reciprocal, do-tarfi, janibain. 
Reciprocally, janibain se, apasmen, 514. 
To Reciprocate, badla'ii.,donontarafsei. 
Reciprocation, Reciprocity, mubadala. 
Recital, Recitation, takrar, takarrur, 
{narration) takrir, zikr, barnan, {enume- 
ration) shumar, {in compos.) khwani. 
To Recite, takrar k., bayan *., zikr *. : — 

the bead roll, japna. 
Reciter, nakil : — of odes, gbazal-khwan. 
Reckless, be-khabar, ghafil, be-lihaz. 
To Reckon, ginna, jorna, shumar k., {upon) 

bharosa rakhna, janna. 
Reckoning, ginti, lekha, hisab, (counting) 
jorti, hasr, (bill of expenses) akhrajat ki 
fard : mode of — , dewrha. 
To Reclaim, sudharna, durust k., banana. 
To Recline, par j., takiya lagana. 
Recluse, khalwat-nishin,zahid,uzlat-guzin. 
T'oRECOGNiSE,pabchanna,chinhna,ta'aruf*. 
Recognition, pahchiin, i'tiraf, yad, kabul. 
Recognizance, pabchan, shiuakht, (bond) 

ikiar-nama, muchalka. 
Recoil, pas-kash : to — , pichha k. 
To Recollect, yad k., hosh pakarna. 
Recollection, yad, yad-iiwari, surt, sudh. 
To Recommence, phir shuru' k. 
Recommencement, sar-i-nau. 

To Recommend, takrib k., sifarish k. : 

a thing seriously, jhikna: — to one's care, 



sipurd k. Recommendation, siparisb, 
sifarish, takrib, sliafa'at : letter of — , 
eifarish-niima. Rf.commender, sa'i. 
Recommending, (adj.) raujawwiz. 
Recompense, badla, padash, mukafat, 
palta, tawan, iwaz, jaza, samara : to — , 
a]rd.,iv,!ixd., jaza d., kliiish-razT k. 

To Reconcile, milana, palish utbana, 360. 

Reconcileable, milne-jog, mutabik. 

Reconciliation, bana'o, mila)), mel, ;ull,i. 

Recondite, giirh, mughlak, makbfi. 

roRECONNoiTBE,pbir dekhna, phirklioj lena 

Reconnoitering (subst.) did-bazi : — 
party, tulawa. 

Record, daftar, tawarikh : to — , daftar 
men dakhil k., likbna. 

Recorder, daftar-nawis, ahl-i-daftar. 

Recording, (subst.) tazkir. Officer whose 
business it is to keep Records, kar-kun. 

To Recover, (v. n.) achchha h., 5ram pana, 
changa h., (v. a.) phir pana, pliir paidii k. : 
— one's self, deh sambbfilna : —one's self 
from a fall, Sfc. , sambhalna : — one'ssenaes, 
bosh men ana : — the senses, chetna. 

Recoverable, phirmilnejog,kabil-i-wusul. 

RECovERiNG/rom disease, (subst.) nakahat. 

Recovery, shifa, salamat, inti'ash, (regain- 
ing) biiz-yaft, liusul. 

To Recount, kahna, nakl k., bayan k. 

Recounted, (adj.) maukul. 

Recourse, muriija'at, rujii" : having — to, 
(adj.) multaji: having — to the Deity, 
(subst.) ta'wiz : to have — to, ruju' k. 

Recreant, na-mard, buz-dil, hiz. 

To Recreate, LizaA., bahlana, khush i. 

Recreating, (adj.) dil-faroz. 

Recreation, sair, tafarruj. 

To Recriminate, palti tuhmat lagana. 

Recrimination, palti tuhmat. 

Recruit, naya sipahi, nau-mulazim, (sup- 
ply) sarbarahi : to —, naye sipahi jamana, 
(repair) s5ma, pbir durust i., phir zor-a- 
wari. Second examination o/" Recruits, 
S(c., nazar-i-sani. 

Rectangle, mustatil ka'imu-z-zawiya. 

Rectangular, gosha-i-mustakim-diir (?). 

Rectification, tas'hih, islah. 

Rectified, (spirit, Sfc.) bundki bund. 

To Rectify, durust k., sudharna, islah d. 

Rectilinear, khatt-i-mustakim-dar. 

Rectitude, khai-a'i, adi, hakk, rasti. 

Rectum, cbusta, hagneti. 

Recumbent, muttaki. 

To'S.ECv^,{retum)\A\\ran!i,{tothe thought) 
sudh ana, (have recourse to) rujii* k. 



Recu 



rrence, ruju , baz-amad, baz-gasbt. 



Recusant, murtadd, ka'im girje kl 



Red, surkh, lill, rakt, ahmar, rata, gul-giin, 
sOha: — and white, (adj. dakh.) gora 



2364 



REF 



gumta : — cheeked, sham'-rukh, lala- 
-rukhsar, lala-izar : — cloth {died with Mo- 
rinda), salu : — colour, arghanriin, ratnar, 
surang, shahab : — colour producedfrom 
the lakh insect, jawak : — colour with 
which women paint the face, ghaza : — 
coloured, surang : — in the face, surkh- 
-ru : clothed in — , surkh-posh : dark — , 
(subst.) arun, aruna'I : growing — in the 
face, (subst.) tamak, tamtamahat: light 
— , (adj.) mai-gun : to grow — (in the 
face) tamtamana. 

Redbreast, ek kism kl chhoti chiriya. 

Tb Redden, (v.n.) surkh A., sharm se surkh- 
-rukh h., (p. a.) surkh *., laliyana. 

Reddish, surkh-sa, lal-sa, surkh-rang. 

Reddishness, surkh-rangi, gulab-rangl. 

To Redeem, chhurana, riha'i k., azad k. 

Redeemed, (adj.) Vbaias. 

Redeemer, mustakhlis, liami. 

Redemption, khalasT, fida, chhutkara. 

Redlead, sendur, sendur, isrinj. 

Redness, surkhl, lali: pale — , gura'I. 

To REDOUBLE,phiri.,barbarkahna, dunai. 

Redoubt, kil'a-cha. 

To Redound, ziyiida k., takwiyat d. 

Redress, upa'e, faryad-rasi, chara-sazi, 
ilaj, tadaruk : — of grievances, dad-rasi : 
to obtain — , dad-milal : to — , tadaruk k. 

REDRESSERo/]^rfeifance«,dad-ras,faryad-ras. 

To Reduce, (lessen) ghatana, kam k., (de- 
grade) gira d., zer-pai., (subdue) magb- 
lub k., taht men lana, (in arithmetic) tor- 
na : — to obedience, ganthna, kora k. : 
— to atoms, churna. 

Reduced, (bg sickness, &-c.), (adj.) lata, 
mariyal : — to poverty, muftakir : to be — 
to extremities, dantoii zamin pakarni : to 
be — to poverty, tut rahna : he is — to the 
last extremity, kard dar ustukhwan rasld. 

Reduction, ghata'o, taklil, ghata, (con- 
quest) taskhJr. 

REDUNDANCE,bahutat, ziyadati, fazuU, ifrat. 

Redundant, za'id, fazul, sar-shar, wafir. 

To Reduplicate, duhrana. Reduplica- 
tion, dohra'o : — of a letter, idghara. 

Reed, nai, kalam, sarkara, sar, kasab, kilk, 
(pipe) nri'e,baiisrl,murli: kind of — , ram- 
sar, sirki, sentba : writing — , khama. 

REED-GRASs,sar-pat, 3ar-pata,sirki, sentba. 

Red «/■ Reeds, nai-zar, nai-stan. 

Reel, kalaba, charkba, takll, pareta, ateran, 
(dance) ek kism ka nach : to — , (thread) 
atenia, paretna, (stagger) larbarana. 

To Re-enfobce, phir bahut laslikar bhej- 

-kar ta'Id*., takwiyat d., zord. 
Re-enforcement, ta'id, takwiyat, madad. 

To Re-establish, ba-hal *. 
Re-establishment, ba-hali. 

Refection, nashta, jal-pan. 



REF 

Refectort, tosha-khana. 

To Refer, (appeal) ruju' k., le-j., (relate 
to) nisbat k. , lagna. 

Reference, ruju", (relation) nisbat, alaka, 
munasabat. Referred, (adj.) marju". 

Referring to, (adj.) a'id. 

To Refine, mail katna, saf *., (polish) mu- 
-'addab k., sudbarna. 

Refinement, (of manners) tahzib, arastagi, 
{purity) safS'I. 

Refiner, safa-bakhsh, musaffl, khalis-saz. 

To Refit, marammat k., sarna, sajna. 

To Reflect, ta'ammul *., chetna, dhyan *., 
sochna, gbaur *., bicbarna, (as a mirror) 
aks d., aks dikbana. 

Reflected image, aks. 

Reflecting, (adj.) muta'ammil, mutasaw- 
wir, mutafakkir, (subst.) mura'at. 

Reflection, bicbar, soch, fikr, chinta, ta- 
fakkur, tasawwur, dbyan, ghaur, (shadow) 
cbhanw, in'ikas, aks, parcbha'in, (j-e- 
proach), thesra, kalank, malamat. 

Reflective, chiatit, mun'akis. 

Reflector, muta'ammil, aks-numa. 

Reflex, ma'kus. 

Refluent, baz-rawan, palta-jari. 

Reflux, jazr, bbatha, utar, baz-rawani. 

To Reform, bure ko bhala *., bihtar *., 
islab d., sudbarna, sanwarna. 

Reformation, durusti, bura'i se bhala'i. 

Reformed, (grown better) rii-ba-rab. 

Reformer, muslih. 

To Refract, rah-i-rast se phirana. 

Refraction, rab-i-rast se inbiraf, intishar. 

Refractoriness, tamarrud, sar-kasbT, ma- 
gra'I, gardan-kashi. Refractory, sar- 
-kash, mu'anid, macbla, mutamarrid. 

To Refrain, (v.a.) baz rakhna, tbamna, 
rokna,atkana,(i'.n.)bazrabna,bathuthana 

Refraining, (adj.) muttakl. 

To Refresh, taza *., panpana. 

Refreshing, (adj.) dil-faroz. 

Refres h ment, (ea«c)tafarruh , aram ,asa'ish, 
(food) niishta, jal-pan, bhojan, abar. 

Refrigerant, thanda-saz, taza-kun, (me- 
dicine) thanda'I. 

Tb Refrigerate, thandai., taza i. , aram (2. 

Refuge, asril, panah, malaz, auz, mawas, 
maman, (remcrfy) ilaj, chara, upa'e, tada- 
ruk: place of — , marja', mafarr, maija, 
ok, liirz : taking — with, (adj.) multajl : 
to take — , daman pakarna, 600, 

Refugee, asrit, saran-agat, panab-gir. 

Refulgence, chamkahat, jhalak, tej, 1 168. 

REFULGENT.darakhshanda, tilban, rakbsh.in. 

Tb Refund, pherd., wa-pasrf., mustaraddi. 

Refusal, inkar, nakSr, nafi, ibii. 

Refuse, iikbor, talchhat, jhutha, fazla, 
cbbant, khoya, khud : — (of linseed, i(c.) 
pina : to — , inkar A:., baz ana, nakarna, 



REG 

na-kabul k. : to — even common civility, 
jhutbinapuebhna : — flatly, safa'i batanl. 

Refusing, (subst.) nafl. 

Refutation, radd, ibtal, butlan. 

To Refute, radd k., khandna, batil k. 

To Regain, phir basil i., phir pana: — one'* 
temper, rast ana. 

Reg AL, badsbahi, shahana, sultani,malikana. 

To Regale, kbub khilana, sar-masti *. 

Regalia, badsbahana asbab. 

Regard, (attention) tawajjub, lihaz, iltifat, 
mulahaza, (esteem) mubabbat, ikblas. san- 
man, sakoch, tapak, mail, (look) nazar, 
nigah : having or paying — , (adj.) mul- 
tafit : to have — , iltifat k., (for one) muiih 
dekhna : with — to, (adv.) liakk men : to 
— , (consider) janna, samajhna, ginna, 
shumar *., (attend to) manna, ru d., 
mutawajjih h., khatir men lana, (respect) 
chahna, aziz janna, (look at) niharna, 
lihaz k., nigab k., (refer to) lagna. 

Regardful, khabar-dar. mutawajjih, sochi. 

Regarding, muttali", nazir, (subst.) 2059. 

Regardless, ghafil, tar, achet, be-fikr. 

Regatta, kishti-bazi kl ek tarah. 

Regency, padshah ke na'ib kl hukiimat. 

To Regenerate, phir paida k., sar-i-nau>t. 

Regeneration, nau paida'jsb, naya janam. 

Regent, ka'im-makam-i-padshah, na'ib, 
hakim : — of worlds below, yam, jam. 

Regicide, badsbah-kush, (the act) sultSn- 
-kushi. Regimen, ihtiraz, parhez, tadbir- 
-i-ghiza, timar : to observe a — , parhez k. 

Regiment, paltan, risala, tuman, dasta. 

Regimental, paltani, tumani. 

Regimentals, bana. 

Region, mulk, des, mamlukat, sarzamin, 
diyar, khitta, marz-bum, iklim, kishwar, 
dig, lok, dip: — of fire, kura-i-atash, 
atashistan: — of water, kura-i-ab : — of 
wind, kura-i-bad : — under the earth, 
patal, nag-lok,talatal. REGioNS,akaInn. 

Register, daftar, jarlda, sijiU, (officer) 

daftar-nawis, sarrishta-diir : — office, daf- 

tar-khana : to — , daftar meu dakhil k., 

hisab rakhna. Registered, mukaiyad. 

Registers, asfar. To Regorge, ugal d. 

Regress, Regression, gurez, baz-gasht. 

Regret, afsos, hasrat, ta'assuf, pachhtawii. 

To REGRET,pachhtana,afsosi., hasrat khana. 
Regular, bii-ka'ida, thik, arasta, kiyasi. 
REGULARiTY,intizam,tartIb,karina,fin'istagi. 
Regularly, ba-ka'ida, tartibse, arristagl se. 

To Regulate, siidhna, sajna, daul par lana, 

tartib d. Regulated, (adj.) murattab. 
Regulation, (rtt/*)da8triru.l-i1mal, kfinv'in, 
lit, zabita, a'in, (arrangement) intizam, 
band-o-bast, tadbTr, arastagi. 

Regulator, murattib, nazim, kanun-saz, 
(of a watch) ghafi kii ek l.iisja. 



REL 



REM 



REM 



2365 



Rehearsal, takiar, ilohra'o, baySn. 
To Rehearse, takrur k., bar-bar kahna. 
Ta Reject, radd*., duri., lautaiia, baz 
rahna, rukh pherna, na-pasand k. : — a 
petition, safa'I-batam, hawa batana. 
Rejected, (o(?;.) mardud, matruh.mutarad- 

did : to be — , radd A. 
Rejecting, {mist.) na.il, nikohish : — a 

request, tal. Rejection, radd. 
Reign, badshahl, saltanat, shahi, raj, takht- 
-nishmi, mulk-darl : of the — , juliisi : to 
— , saltanat k. , taklit par baithna. 
Reigning, takLt-nishln, (TOis<.)siyadat. 
To Reimburse, bhar d., pher d., pura k. 
Rein, bag, zimam, jilau : to — in, bag par 

lana, rokna, {dakh.) thiinsna. 
Reins, {loins) kamar, kati, lank, gurde, {of 
a bridle) inan, ras, mahar, sar-duwal, {of 
a carriage) siitla. 
To Reinstate, ba-hal *., pMr mukarrar *., 
phirkhiratrf. Reinstated, (a(Z/.)ba-hal. 
Reinstatement, ba-hali. 
To Rejoice, (».».) khush A., khushi *., 
hulasna, biharna, rahasna, alhana, (». a.) 
khush k., hulsana, shad k 
Rejoiced, {adj.) prasanna, tusht, raudit. 
Rejoicing, {adj.) gadgad, mangall, {subst.) 
shadmani, shadi, tafrlh, ta'aiyush : — at 
the distress of another, {subst.) shamatat : 
public — , utsav. REJOiciNGS,jai-jai-kar. 
To Rejoin, phir jorna, {meet affain) pbir 

milna, {answer again) radd-i-jawab k. 
Rejoinder, radd-i-jawab, jawab-suwali. 
7'o Reiterate, bar-bar kabna, mukarrar k. 
Reiterated sound, chatacliat. 
Reiteration, fakrar, dohra'o. 
Relapse {into sickness) phir bimar parna, 
aud-i-maraz, {into vice) phir bigarna : to 
— , phir pachharna, phir bimar parna. 
To Relate, kahna, sunana, nakl A., bayan A., 
kathna, zikr i. , muiih par lana, {refer to) 
alaka rakhna, lagna. 
Related, {told) mankiil, mazkur, {akin) 
karabati, saga, karib, {referring to) nis- 
bati, mansiib, alaka-mand. 
Relater, nakil, nakli, muhaddis, {in com- 
pos.) go. Relating, {subst.) mazkara. 
Relation, {connexion) alaka, nisbat, muna- 
sabat, sambandh, lapta, ta'alluk, {kinsman) 
karabati, khwesh, rishta-dar, bandhu, 
karib, sambandhi, {narrative) haklkat, 
nakl, katha, kissa, {narration) bayan, tak- 
rir, zikr : with — to, {adv.) ba-nisbat. 
Relations, akriba, akarib, khwesh-kara- 
bat, bha'i-band, kul : — on the mother's 
SjVZc.arliam, maika: king's — , mukarrabu- 
-1-hazrat : without — ,(a(?j. )nir-bandhu. 
Relationship, kariibat, Miweshi, kurb, 
rishta, nata, apnayat, rishta-dari, {con- 
nexion) palwand, mel, sambandh. 



Relative, {kinsman) see Relation, {re- 
s/)ec«n(/)muta'allik,(™yram.)sila,mausill. 

To Relax, {v. a.) sust k., dhlma A., {v. n.) 
sust h., dhila h., kahil h. 

Relaxation, {languor) susti, kasal, dlill, 
dhUa'i, kahili, {amusement) tafannun, 
kushadagi : — of mind, tafarruj. 

Relaxed, kahil, sust, raikh, kasal-mand. 

RELAXEDNESS.dhil. RELAV,ghore kichauki 

Release, chhutti, riha'i, khalasl, azadagi: 
— in full, bharauti : deed of — , farigh- 
-^atii: general — ,safi-nama : to — ,chhor- 
na, azad k., chhandna, khalas k., chhutka- 
na, nistarna, riha'i d. Released, riha. 

To Relent, pasijna, mula'im A., tars khana. 

Relentless, kathor, sang-dil, be-rahm, 
sakht,2o.t5. Relentlessness, kathorta. 

Relevant, nisbat-dar, mansub. 

Reliance, bharosa, i''tibar,i''timad, as,asra. 

Relics, yadgari kanishiin. 

Relict, rand, bewa, bewa. 

Relied on, {adj.) mu'tabar : person — , 
mu'tamad alaihi : to be — , (a(f7'.)mu'tamad. 

Relief, {ease) aram, sukh, chain, kal, takh- 
fif, fursat, {help) madad, yarT, pushtl : — 
{of watches) badli. 

To Relieve, {ease) aram d., taskin d., {help) 
madad d. , thamna : — one's necessities, hajat 
raf k. Reliever, dast-gir, pushti-ban. 

Relieving giiard, naubat : — pain or 
trouble, takhfif-i-tasdi". 

Relievo, wuh sang-tarashi jis ki shakloii ka 
ek rukh ma'liim ho. 

Religion, din, iman, kesh, dharm, millat, 
{sect) mazhab, mashrab, path. 

Religionist, muta'assib, kath-bhagat. 

Religious, dinT,din-dar,muta'abbid,imiin- 
dar, dharmi : — discourse, khutba : — 
feast, i^-c, ttudii'i rat : — habit, {dress) 
khirka : — men, atkiya : — person, sadh. 

Religiousness, dln-darl,bhagta'i,tadaiyun. 

To RELiNauiSH, chhorna, tyagna, tajna, 
tark k., {leave off) hath uthana, dast- 
-bardar h. : — one's habits, dam ulatna. 

RELiNauisHED, {adj.) matruk, maukuf. 

Relinquisher, tyagi. 

Relinquishment, tark, tyag, pardakbt. 

Relish, maza, chashni, sawad, lazzat, ras, 
za'ika, {liking) chiit, chaska, khwahish : 
a — , gazak : to — , {taste) chakhna, chakh- 
na, {give a flavour) maza-dar *., lazTz k., 
{have a flavour) maza-diir h., bo rakhna. 

Relishing {adj.) maza-dar, swadak. 

Reluctance, istikrah, chithat, khich. 

RELUCTANT,be-man,kashida,kashTda-khaHr 

To Rely , i'timad rakhna, bharosa k. , takiya k. 

Relying on, {adj.) mustanid. 
To Remain, {be left) baki rahna, bachna, 
chhiitna, (con<!«!(e) rahna, tikna.thaharna. 

Remainder, baki, ma-baki, bachti, bakiya. 
8 M 



Remainders, bakiyat. 

Remained, {adj.) manda. 

Remaining, {adj.) baki, achhat: — behind, 
{adj.) wa-manda, pasmanda. 

Remains, bakiya, fuzala, {corpse) murda, 
lash : — of life, hushasha : of victuals, 
nim-khurda. jhiitha, pas-khurda. 

To Remand, phir bhejna, baz-khwast *. 

Remark, bat, kaha, bachan, {notice) nigah. 

To Remark, kahnil, farmana, {observe) 
nigah k., khabar rakhna. 

Remarkable, yad rakhne ke kabil, nigah 
karne ke kabil. Remarkably, bahut, 
nihayat, nipat, ta'ajjub se. 

Remediable, chiira-pazir, dawa-pazlr. 

Remediless, la-dawa,la-ilaj,la-char,na-char 

Remedy, {medicine) dawa, darman, {cure) 
ilaj, shifa, {expedient) upa'e, tadaruk, 
tadblr : to apjily a — , Ilaj k. .- without — , 
{adj.) dar-manda, la-char, la-ilaj,na-char. 

Tb Remedy, dawai., ilaj A., charai., upa'e*. 

Remedying, {subst.) chara-sazi, mudavrat. 

To Remember, yad A., khatir men rakhna, 
chetna, sumarna, {remind) yad dilana, 
khabar d. Remembered {adj.) mazkiir. 

Remembrance, yad, yad-awari,chet, sudh, 
sumaran: token of — , nishani, yad-gari. 

Remembrancer, yad-dih, mukhbir. 

To Remind, yad dilana, chitana, jatana. 

Reminiscence, yad, yad-dihi, yad-awari. 

Remiss, dhila, sust, ghafil, kahil, maj'hiil. 

Remission, {abatement) takhfif. ghatT, ri'- 
Syat, {pardon) maglifirat, mu'afi, ghufran, 
chhiit. Remissly, susti se, dhila'i se. 

Remissness, dhil, dhila'i, susti, kahili. 

To Remit, {abate) ghatana, takhfif k. ,kam A. , 
{pardon) bakhshna, mu'af k., {money) 
rupai bhejna, irs.il k. Remittance, irsal, 
chalan, {sum sent) bheje hii'e rupai. 

REMNANT,baki,bachti,(sAre(i)reza,wasl-cha 

Remonstrance, arz-i-ahwal,arz-i-shikayat. 

7'oREMONSTRATE,arzIguzama,gila-guzarii. 

Remorse, pachh tana, ta'assuf,masosa,afsos. 

Remorseful, muta'assif, pasheman. 

Remorseless, sang-dil, be-rahm, sakht. 

Remote, ba'id,dur, par, dur-daraz,diir-dast. 

Remoteness, duri, diir-dasti, dJir-darazi. 

Removable, jangam, tafawuthoneke la'ik. 

Removal, taghir, taghaiyur, sarka'o, {from 
of/ice) azl, ma'zuli, taghiri, {departure) 
nakl-i-makan, chal-chala'o, chala, kuch, 
{of a disease) mudafa'at. 

Remove, see Removal, {step) slrhi, darja, 
martaba : — of a horse's shoes, khol- 
-bandi, chau-bandi : to — , sarkana, khas- 
kana, uthana, {dqmrt) nakl-i-makan k., 
chalna, rawana h., {from office) chhurana, 
taghiri., ma'zulA., {dispel) dur A.,daf*. 

Removed, {adj.) bar-dashta, dQr, {from 
office) ma'ziil : to be — , diir h., raf" h. . 



2366 



REP 



to be — from office, taglilr h., ma'zul h. : 
to be — , (a siree«)hijfib uthna. Remo%-- 
ixG, (mbst.) raf ,nakl, {from office) ta'zil. 

To Remunerate, ajr d., bhar d., iwaz d. 

Rexcouxter, mukabala, biraz-i-nagah. 

To Rexcounter, mukabala i., bhirna. 

To Ren-d, pharna, cbak i., chTrna, chithna, 
maskana, bidarna, torna, (».n.) darakna. 

To Render, (return) phira d., (gh'e) dena, 
(maie)karna, {translate) tarjumai-.,nakl*. 

Rendezvous, majma", marja': to — ,jain'/(. 

Rending, c\iiT,{incompos.) dar, daran, darl. 

Renegade, Reneg ADO, mui-tadd,bargashta, 
baghi, aubash. 

To Renew, taza i., sar-i-nau i., {repeat) 
mukarrar kahna, mukarrar k. 

Renewal, tajdid, tajaddud, sar-i-nau. 

Renewed, {adj.) mujaddad. 

Renewer, taza-kar. Rennet, panir- 
-maya, {apple) ek kism ka seb. 

To Renovate, sabik halat parphirlana. 

Renovation, tajdid, tahvvil,tajaddud,nayai. 

To Renounce, inkar k., Ijadls i., munkir h. 

Renouncing, {mist.) istifa. 

Renown, nam, nam-warl, jas, shuhrat, ish- 
tihar, klrat, pratisbtba, nam-dari. 

Renowned, nam-war, nam-dar, mash'hur, 
jasi, su-jasi, kirat-wan : to be — , nam h. 

Rent, {slit) cbak, chir, sbigaf, darz, darar, 
{for land, Sfc.) ijara, kbiiaj, ajura, kiraya, 
rahwa'I, {income) amad, madakbil, {adj.) 
chak, darlda : to — , (Aire) kiraye par lena, 
kiraya lena, {set) kiraye par d., kiraya A., 
to be — , pbatna, phatna, sbakk h. 

Rental, jam'-bandl. Renter, ra'aiyat, 
bharaiti, kiraya-dar, mustajir, praja. 

Renunciation, inkar, tyag,tark,kat-i-ilaka. 

Repair, marammat, durustl: to — , ma- 
rammat i., durust i., banana, {go) janfi, 
chalna, rujii' i., ana. 

Repairing, {mbst.) ta'mir. 

Reparation, talafl, badla, iwaz. Repar- 
tee, hazir-jawabi, radd-i-kalam-i-zarif. 

Repast, nashta, kalewa, khana, jal-pan. 

To Repay, phir d., badla d., bhar d.: — a 
benefit, gun ka palta d. 

Repeal, naskli, ibtal, radd : to — , radd i. 

To Repeat, {say again) takrar k., mukar- 
rar i., {do ayain) duhrana, du-bara k., 
phir A., {recite) pafhna, wird k., — the 
name of God, nam-lena : — the name of 
God internally ,]!i\mi : — sjiella or charms, 
jharna ph&nkna. 

Repeated, {adj.) mukarrar. 

Repeatedly, barha, bar-bar, aksar. 

Repeater, {watch) ghari jo ap se ba)tT hai. 

To Repel, hatana, paltana, daf" k., radd k. 

Repelling, {subat.) iatirdad, raf", tardid. 

To Repent, pachhtanaipashemanA.,afso9A. 

Repentance, pachhtawa, nadamal, 540. 



REP 

Repentant, Repenting, muta'assif, pashe- 
man. Repercussion, jhirki. 

Repertory, daftar, kachkol. 

Repetition, takrar, i'adat, rat, dohra'o. 

To Repine, kurhna, jhurna, gham k. 

To Replace, ba-lial k., phir rakhd. 

To Replenish, ma'mur k., bhar-pur k. 

Replete, bhara, bhar-pur, ma'mur, pur. 

Repletion, purl, seri,bharti,kasrat-i-khiin. 

Reply, jawab, uttar, radd-i-kalam : to — , 
janab d., ulatna. 

Report, {statement) surat-i-hal, {rumour) 
khabar, shuhrat, ishtihar, huha, charcha, 
dhum, {sound) awiiz, sabd,dharaka, dham- 
ka : to spread a — , awaz uthana, afwah 
phailana : to — , khabar *., khabar d., 
{give an account of) kahna, kaifiyat d. 

Reported, {adj.) gosh-guzar, afwahi: to be 
currently — , zaban-zad h. 

Reporter, mukhbir, khabar-dar, nakil. 

Repose {rest) aram, asa'ish, rahat, sukh, 
chain, kal, bisram, {sleep) istirahat : to — , 
(».n.) aram k., bisram lena, letna, sona, 
(».«.) sulana, litana, aram d., {rely on) 
bharosa rakhna. REPOSED(arf/'.)aramida. 

To Reposite, hifazat ke liye rakhna, dharna. 

Repository, Wiizana, ganjina, dharohar- 
-sala: — of water, ab-khana. 

To Reprehend, dantna, dapatna, dokhna, 
sarzanish k., malamat k., ilzam d. 

Reprehensible, kabil-i-ilzam, ma'yub. 

Reprehension, malam, malamat, jhirki. 

To Represent, {show) kahna, bayan k., 
dikhlana, batlana, dalalat k., {by petition) 
arz k„ guzarish k., iltimas k., {a charac- 
ter) swang lana, nakl k., (anoMer)wakn Ji. 

Representation, {likeness) shablh, taswir, 
nakl, {petition) arz, guzarish, nibedan, 
ma^riiZ,{memorial) arzl,mahzar,arz-dasht, 
{of another) wakalat, niyabat. 

Representative, wakll, ka'jm-makam, 
na'ib, {adj.) dall, siirat-numa. 

To REPRESs,dabana,bazraklma,rokna,i3n 

Repression, daba'o, ruka'o, shikastagl. 

Reprieve, katl ka wakfa, jan-bakhshi. 

To Reprieve, katl maukuf rakhna, wakfa d. 

Reprimand, itab, ta'zir, malamat, sarza- 
nish : to — , dapatna, ghurakna, itiib k., 
dut-kama. To Reprint, phir chhapna. 

Reprisal, intikam kl rah se lena. 

RF.PROAcn,(cc«s«r(?)ta"n, ta'na, gila, ninda, 
urihna, malamat, taubikh, {disgrace) fir, 
wa?mat, kalank : liable to — , kalanki : to 
cast — , ta'na mama : to — , ta'na mama, 
malamat k,, ninda *. , ulahna d. , dhikkarna. 

Reproachable, kabil-i-malamat, ta'ne ke 
kabil. Reproached, {adj.) mat'&n, 
mu'itab, maluih, malamatl. 

Reproaciier, ta'in, ta"na-zan. 

Reproachful, pur-ta"n, malamat-amcz. 



Reproaching, {sulst.) ta'na-zani. 
Reprobate, (stibst.) mardud, rind, {adj.) 

kharab, khwar : to — , mat'un *., mar- 
dud k., mal'Qn janna. 
Reprobated, {adj.) muraddad, mardiid. 
To Reproduce, phir paida k. 
Reproof, tfirna, ikam, sarzanish, itab,ioa7. 
To Reprove, tarna k., dut-kama, ilzam d. 
Reprover, tarak. Reptile, kira, kirm. 
Reptiles, hasharat, hasharatu-1-arz, 2199. 
Republic, wuh mulk jahan ki saltanat 

jumhiir ke hath men ho. 
Republican, {subst.) jo ko'i ki jumhuri 

saltanat par razi ho, {adj.) jumhur se 

muntazam, jumhuri. 
To Repudiate, talak d., {reject) tyagi., 

chhor d., matruk k., bahar kar d. 
Repudiated, {adj.) mukhalla. 
Repudiation, talSk, tark, tyag. 
Repugnance, {contrariety) mughayarat, 

mukhalafat, {reluctance) khich, daregh, 

chithat, {abhorrence) raghm, nafrat. 
Repugnant, {contrary) mughayir, mukh- 

talif, {inconsistent) ghair-mutabik, khilaf, 

{unwilling) na-raz. 
Repulse, ruka'o, hata'o,pas-pa'i, {refusal) 

inkar, hirman : to — , hata d., pas-pa k., 

tald., daf*. Repulsed, (arfj.) mardud, 

manfi : to be — , hatakna. 
Repulsion, hata'o,radd, mudiifa'at, dafiya. 
Reputable, mu'tabar, bhala, nek-nam. 
Reputation, nam, namiis, nek-nami, abru, 

bhai-am, jas, : to take away — , abrii leni. 
Repute, see Reputation : of bad — , bad- 

-niim : of good — , nek-niira: to — , janna, 

ginna, bujhna, atkalna. 
REauEST,darUiwast,khwahish,t.alab,suwal, 

iltimas, tamannii, istid'a, arz, guzarish: 

to — , darldiw.ist *., iltimas *., t.alab k., 

mangna, chahnii. 
Reouested by u-ordofmoutA,mvLnh-mhnga.. 
Requiem, fiitiha-durud. 
To Require, {request) mangna, dar -Wiwast 

k., talab k., {need) chahna, zariir k. 
Required, {adj.) matlub, muktaza. 
Reouirer, baz-khwah, {in compos.) khwah. 
REttuiRiNG, {subst.) mutalaba, {adj.) muk- 

tazi, {in compos,) khwah, khwahan, falab. 
Requisite, lazim, zariir, zarSrl, darkiir : — 

things, ihtiyajat : as is — , nij-tij se. 
Requisites, lawazim, zaruriyat, sar-anjam. 
Requisition, iktiza, muktazii. 
Requital, badla, jaza, muka^t, iwaz. 
To Requite, bhugtana, jaza d., iwaz k. 
To be Requited, bhugatna. 
TV) Rescind, maukuf*., mansi'ikh *.,utlia d. 
Rescission, bar-khastagi, naskh. 
Rescript, farman, hukm-niinia, manshur. 
Rescue, khalasi, makhlasi, najat: to — , 

chhurana, khalas d., riha'I k. 



RES 

Research, kawish, kfiw-kfiw, taftish, klioj. 

Resemblance, mushabahat, tashabbuh, 
shabahat, shabih, tamsil, upaman,manand. 

To Resemble, nianandA.,milna, mushaba- 
hat rakhna. Resembling, (subst.) ma- 
nand, tul, {adj.) sa, mushabih, nazir, sa- 
rlka, ham-shakl, (in compos.) war, wash. 

TbRESENTjbura manna, na-rilz h., bair lena. 

Resentful, kina-war, klna-kash, zud-ranj. 

RESENTMENT,kma,kanI,bagliz,adawat,bair. 

Reservation, riya-kari se dil men kuchh 
chhipana, riya, kapat. 

Reserve, (store) hifazat se rakh chhora gaya 
mal ya khana, (care) ilitiyat, liliaz, chinta, 
(diffidence) sankoch, kas\ndAgl,(excejition) 
istisna : — of an army, takiya : to speak 
with — , jibh dabke bat kahna : without 
— , (adj.) ni-sankoch : to — , bachana, 
rakhna, rakh chhorna, (dakh.) ubarna. 

Reserved, (shy) lajila, sharmlla, sankochi, 
mahjub, (taciturn) kam-sujdjan, (sullen) 
pumba-dahan, kashida. 

Reservedness, sankoch : see Reserve. 

Reservoir, hauz, talab, tala'o, doba, pain, 
chu'an, (under grotmd) tankh. 

To Reside, basna, rahna, ghari., tikna. 

Residence, ghar, bas, niakam, makan, ma- 
Ijall, sthan, thikfinii, ikamat, bas-0-bas, 
375, (residing) raha'o, raha'ish, kiyam. 

Resident, mukim, bashanda, sakin, (mi- 
nister) badshahi wakil, (adj.) mukami. 

Residing, (adj.) mutawattin, mnkim. 

Residue, baki, baklya, bachtl. 

To Resign, (abandon) chhorna, tyagna, 
tark k., (leave off) hath uthana, dast- 
-bardar h., (intrust) saumpna, taslim k., 
(give) deua, bakhshna. 

Resignation, tark, taslim, (patience) ta- 
hammul, tabi'-dari : — to God, tawakkul. 

Resigned, (adj.) mufawwaz, (to one's fate, 
or to the will of God) mutawakkil : to be 
— , taslim h. 

Resigning, (in compos.) sipar, siparl. 

Resin, dhuna, ral, karayal, damar : acrid 
— , of fruits and trees, chemp. 

Tb Resist, thamna, rokna, arna, mukabala*. 

Resistance, mukawamat, mukabala, 1198, 

Resistless, be-rok. 

Resolvable, kabil-i-tafrik, kabil-i-hall. 

Resoluble, gudakhtani, galne-jog. 

Resolve, tasmlm, kasd-i-musammam : to 
— , (determine) thanna, thahrana, kasd k., 
(solve) hall k., batlana. 

Res6lved on, (adj.) azim. 

RESOLVER,hallal: ofdifficulties,ukda-k\xsha. 

Resolute, mustakim, dhir, uli-1-azm, us- 
tuwar, sahasi, jiwat, prani. 

Resolution, (putpose) azm, azTmat, pran, 
(firmness) dhir, ustuwari, (courage) him- 
mat, sahas, dil-chall. 



RES 

Resort, bator, chapkalish, bhir, majma" : 
to — , batoma, ek-tha h., ana jana k., 
(have recourse to) ruju' A., upa'e k. 

To Resound, gunjna, sada *., (praise) 
sarahna, mash'hur k. 

Resource, chara, upa'e, ilaj, hikraat. 

Respect, (honour) ta'zim, takrim, i'zaz, 
izzat, adar, ijlal, tawakkur, (e«<ecm) i'tibar, 
sanman, (politeness) adab, (reverence) 
bharam, taukir, (attention) lihaz, iltifat, 
pas, ri'ayat, (relation) nisbat, alaka: in — , 
(dakh.) babon : shoiving — , (adj.) kadam- 
-bos : showing — to, (adj.) multafit : to 
have — , iltifat k, : to show — , ta'zim k. , 
sir par charhana : treating with — , (subst.) 
takrim, ihtiram : with — to, (adv.) ba- 
-nisbat, hakk men : without — , (adj.) nir- 
-adar : to — , (attend to) manna, (esteem) 
aziz janna, aziz rakhna, (relate to) alaka 
rakhna. 

Respectability, garwa-pan,makramat: — 
of descent, kulina'i : person of — , bhala 
adml. Respectable, mu'tabar, garwa, 
ru-sufaid,wajih. Respect ABLY.ba-abru. 

Respected, raulitarim,mu'azzaz,mukarram. 

Respectful, mu'addab,sanmanl,ahl-i-adab. 

Respectfully, adab-se, sadar : to treat — , 
hurmati. Respecting, (rais^.) nisbat. 

Respective, khass. makhsQs, nij, apna. 

Respectively, ek-ek, furada, ba-nisbat. 

Respects, adab, kadam-bosi, mujra : one 
tehopays his — , mujra'I : paying — ,(adj.) 
kadam-bos,(sM4s<.)astan-bosI,mulazamat: 
to pay one's — , mujra A., adab ba-ja lana. 

Respir.ition, tanaffus, nafas, usas, swasa. 

To Respire, usasna, dam lena, dam charh- 
na, sans chhorna. Respite, katl ka 
wakfa, muhlat, nagha, wakfa. 

Resplendence, tajalli, jalwa, niir, jot. 

Resplendent, taban, munawwar. rakhshan. 

To Respond, jawab d., jawabi h. 

Respondent, jawaljl, jawab-dih. 

Response, jawab, uttar. 

Responsibility, kafTilat, zimn, i'tibar. 

Responsible, jawab-dih, ziimin, kafll, mu- 
jib : to be — , jawab d., nishai., zimmaA. 

Rest, (ease) aram, asa'ish, bisram, kal, 
istiraliat, (quiet) karar, sukh, sukim, su- 
kSnat, asiidagi, (sleep) nind, khwab, (lei- 
sure) faraghat, fursat, (prop) tek, thambh, 
(rem(iinder)heLki,hachti,ma-haki,(others) 
aur, aur sab, ghair : at — , (adj.) aramlda, 
aramlda, asuda : to get — , chltar tekna : 
to — , (repose) aram A-., bisram lena, letna, 
pahurna, (stop) thaharna, rahna, (be still) 
sakin A.,be-harakat h., (lean on) takiya*., 
(light on) utarna, (depend on) maukiif A., 
(sleip) sona, (die) marna, wafat pana, 
(from labour) sustanii, dam lena. (as a 
porter) thekl lagana, thekl d. 



RET 



2367 



Restiff, machla, clialbidhra, gardan-kash. 

RESTiFNESs,machla'I,magra'I,chalbidhrahat 

Act o/Restino on the way(by a porter)t\ie]L\ 

Resting-place, aram.gah, rahl. 

Restitution, radd, phira'o : demanding — , 
Hfc, istirdad. 

Restless, (uneasy) be-aram, be-karar, be- 
-kal, byakul, asukhi, (playful) achpal, 
chulbula. Restlessness, be-arami, be- 
-kalT, be-kararl, asuVh, (playfulness) chan- 
chala'i, (unquietness) uth-baith. 

Restoration, istirdad, baz-dihl, (to health) 
shifa, (to office) ba-hall, (offriendship) 
girih-khulna. Restorative, mukawwl, 
shifa-bakhsh, pusbt. 

To Restore, pher d., pher lana, (heal) 
shifa d., (mend) durust k., sarna, (rein- 
state) ba-hal k. 

To Restrain, (prevent) rokna, atkana, 
chhenkna, thambhna, (rei)ress) aarnhhahia,, 
dabana, (stop) baz rakhna, arna, (check) 
zabt &. , (limit) mahdud *. Restrained, 
(adj.) mazbfit : to be — , riindhna. 

Restraining, (adj.) lia'jl, (anger) kazim. 

Restraint, atka'o, rok, imtina*, band ; 
to lay one undo , rah mama. 

To Restrict, maljdud k., band k. 

Restricted, (adj.) maksiira, munliasir : — 
(to a definite time) muwakkat. 

Restriction, inljisar, sima, liadd-bandi. 

Result, liasil, natija, phal, samara : to — , 
nikalna, phalna, hasil h., uthna, paida A. 

Results, nata'ij. 

To Resume, phir lena, phir pakarna, (begin 
again) phir shurii' k. 

Resumption, baz-yaft, baz-aghazl. 

Resurrection, kiyam, ba's : day of — , 
yaumu-1-hashr, farda-i-kiyamat : the — , 
liashr, kiyamat, nushiir, rastakhez, 339. 

To Resuscitate, murda jilana,phirzinda k. 

RESUSCiTATioN,phirji]ana,iliya,nau-paida'i 

Retail, khurda-faroshi : to — , khurda- 
-faroshl k. , thora thora karke bechna. 

Retailer, khiirda-farosh, phariya. 

To Retain, (keep) rakhna, na.chhorna, 
(hire) kirayarf., (by pressure) dab rakhna, 
(in a place) tikana, atka rakhna. 

Retainer, daman-glr, raflk, banda, (fee) 
wakll mukarrar karne kii kharch. 

Retaining the breath, (subst.) habs-i-dam. 

To Retaliate, badla lena,iwazrf.,dandna. 

Retaliating, (subst.) mu'iwaza, mu'akhaza 

Retaliation, badla, mukafat, jaza, iwaz, 
mubadala, (revenge) intikam, palta : — 
for murder, '^ixn-haha, tawan : law of — , 
kisas, diyat. To Retard, wapas rakhna, 
takhir k., pichhe dalna. 

Retarding, (subst.) wakfa. 

To Retch, kai ka kasd *., okna. 

labs, imsak : — of memory, 



REV 



REV 



RIC 



hafi/i : of urine, habsu-1-baul : power of 

— , kiiwat-i-masika. Retentive, mum- 

sik, kabiz, bifz-dar : —faculty, bafiza. 

Reticular, Reticulated, jal-dar,jali-dar. 

Retinue, (<rai«)jilau,sawari, liashmat,pa"e. 

-rikab (jiomp) tuzuk, tajammul, ihtisham. 

jTo Retire, kinare ho j., chhip-j., dah-j., 

at'h-'].,{retreat)hvLtna., rafu /i.,palilutihiA., 

{go into retirement) goshe meaj. 

Retired, nirala, gosha-gir, gosba-nishin, 

— place, zawiya. 

Retirement, khalwat, gosha, uzlat, tanba'i, 

gosha-giri : fond of — , khalwat-guzTu, 

gosha-guzin : place of — , kbalwat-gah. 

Retort, radd-i-jawab, (vessel) shisbe ka 

bartan : to — , paltailzamrf., palat mama. 

To Retract, zaban palatna, bat phema. 

RETRACTATiox.inkar-i-sukhan,bat-pbira'o, 
tabaddul-i-ra'e. 

Retreat, (asy/wm) asra, malja, mawas, (pri- 
vate place) khalwat-gah, (of an army) 
pablu-tihi, hata'o : to — , hatna, batakna, 
pas-pa A., pablu-tihlA. 

To Retrench, kbarcb kam k., ghatana. 

Retrenchment, kam-khai-cbi. chhant- 
-chhata'o. Retribution, mukafat,iwaz, 
jaza, padasht, talafl. To Retrieve, pbir 
pana, (restore) mustaradd k. 

Retrocession, pas-rawi, bar-gashtagl. 

Retrograde, pas-pa, wapas-rau. 

Retrogression, wapas-rawi, pas-pa'i. 

Retrospect, pas-bim,pas-nazari,baz-purs. 

Retrospective, pas-bin. 

Return, (ofapersonor thing) phirti, pher, 
phira'o, baz-gasht, muraja'at, (exchange) 
phirna, (profit) naf, sud, (statement) 
taujib, tauzili, (rcyai/ai) iwaz, badlii, jaza, 
paincha : — of compliments, radd-i-salam, 
asis : lo — , (v.n.) phirna, bahurna, pa- 
latna, pbir ana, phir j., (v.a.) phirana, 
paltana, nltana, (give back) wapas d., 
pher d. , wapas k. 

Returning, (subst.) phirti, aud, laut, (al- 
ternation) phera-pheri, (restitution) radd, 
phira'o, (adj.) J'id : — co»n/;/™e«/»,radd- 
-i-salam : — like for like, mu'awaza. 

To Reveal, kholna, kahna, zahir *., fash k. 

Revealed, (adj.) kushada, mak'shuf, mun- 
kashif : to be — , zahir A., fash h., khulna. 

Revealer, kashif : — o/'»ccre /«, parda-dar. 

Revealing of a secret, israr, parda-dari. 

To Revel, chakarba macliana, dhum ma- 
chana, bad mast! k., birajna. 

Revelation, ijjhar, kashf : divine — , walji, 
akas-bani, ilham, tanzil. 

Revelry, Revel, chakarba, dhQm-dham 
se aish-o-ashrat. 

Reve.vge, intikam, badla, bair, palta, wal, 
dand : taking — , (adj.) muntalfim : to 
have one's — gratified, kaleja thaiida h. : 



to take — , iiitikam lena, badla lena, 
dandnfi, dad lenl : (o — , bair lena, intikam 
lena. Revengeful, kina-war, klna- 
-kash, ghuna, kaniha. 
Revenue, (mcQ>Ke)amdani.amad,mada!diil. 
taran, mahsiil, (tax) khiraj. basil, fota, 
yara, jiba : — of ten per cent, allowed to 
zanunddrs, mashrut. 
To Reverberate, gunjna. 
Reverberation, gunj. 
To Revere, to Reverence, aziz janna, 
buzurgjanna,ta"zimX;.,pa-bosii.,pa-bosA. 
Revered, mutaliarrim, mukarram, 1990. 
Reverence, (veneration) ihtiram, taukir, 
pa-bosi, (respect) adar, sanman, takrim, 
ta'zim, (obeisance) salam, taslim, dand- 
wat, komish, namah, sijda. 
Reverend, buzurg, mu'azzam, mukarram, 

pramanik, (title) pir, murshid, shah. 
Reverential, mu'addab. 
Reversal, taghaiyur, inkilab, ulta'o. 
Reverse (opposite side) ulta, aks, (adver- 
sity) falakat, bad-bakhti : to — , aundh- 
ana, ultana, pherna. 
Reversed, (adj.) ulta, aundba, ma'kus, 

mun'akis : to be — , ulatna. 
Reversion, malik-i-hal ke marne ke ba'd 
amlak ki dakhl-yabl. Reversionary, 
malik-i-hal ki wa^t ke ba'd yaftanl. 
To Revert, phirna, age ana, a'id h. , raji' h. 
Reverting, (adj.) a'jd. 
Revery, fikr, dhyan, soch, andesha. 
Review, nazar-i-sani, (of a book) nayi kitab 
ki tahklkat, (of an army) san, (of recruits) 
nazar-i-sant, (of troops) kawa'id, mahalla : 
to make a — of troops, mahalla dekhna : 
to — , pher dekhna, nazar-i-sanl k., janch- 
na, dekhna, sodhna. 
Reviewer, kitab ki ghalat o sihhat ka 
tahkik kame-wala. To Revile, galiyiina, 
gali (/., nindna, dushnam d. 
Reviler, ta'na-zan, malamat-go. 
Revisal, Revise, Revision, naijar-i-sam, 
phir islah, i'adat, (sheet) tas'hih ke liye 
chhapeki dusri fard: to Revise, nazar-i- 
sani i., phir dekhna, (correct) taj'hih i. 
Revival, jila'o, jaga'o, tiizagi, sar-sabzi. 
To Revive, (v.n.) ji uthna, zinda A., jagna, 

taza A., (v.a.) jilana, zinda k., tiiza k. 
Reunion, taliiki, ittifak-i-sani, phir jor. 
To Reunite, (j).n.)phirmilna, phirwa^il A., 

(v.a.) phir jorna, phir milana. 
Revocation, naskh, tanasukh, pher. 
To Revoke, uthad., met d., radd *. 
Revolt, bar-gashtagi, baghawat, sar-zorl, 
phut, na-farmani : — in an army, sipah 
phir j.~;- to — , phir^'., baghawat *., bar- 
gashta A., baghi A. 
Revolter, baghi, sar-kash, bhagel. 
To Revolve, ghumnii, ghumghumana. 



Revolving, (adj.) dawwar, gardan, (subst.) 
gaidan, (in compos.) gardani. 

Revolution, daur, dauran, gardish, ghum- 
ghuma, (change) tabdil-i-saltanat, taghiri. 

Revolutions, (periods) adwar. 

Reward, (wages) ujrat, ajura, muzd, ajr, 
(gift)di\n, bakhshish, in'am, (recompense) 
iwaz, padasht, jaza: to — , ajr d., bakh- 
shish d. , sawab d. 

Rhetoric, ilm-i-kalam, khitabat. 

RHETORiciAN,Tlm-i-ma*ani-dan,ahl-i-kalam 

Rheum, nazla,zukam, rim, (o/Me eyes) libar. 

Rheumatic, ba'iha, barid. 

Rheumatism, bat, ba'T, bad, gathiya-ba'o, 
waja'i-mafisil : acM^e — , jhanak-wa'i. 

Rhinoceros, gainda, karg, kargadan : hide 
of a — , chakti : horn of a — , khag. 

Rhododaphne, or rose bay, khar-zahra. 

Rhomb, wuh shakl jis ke charoii khatt bara- 
bar hon magar zawiye barabar na hou. 

Rhomboid, kai-ib rhomb ki manand shakl. 

Rhubarb, rawand, rewand, rewand-i-chinl. 

Rhus coriaria, sumak. 

Rhyme, saj', sambandh, wazn, mizan : to 
— , milnii, musajja" h. 

Rhymer, kafiya-go, bhat. 

Rhythmical, musajja", mauziin. 

Rib, panjar, pasli. 

Ribaldry, piichiyat, phakkar, fuhsh. 

Riband, Ribbon, abresham ka fita, kor: 
— withwhich hair is tied, &rc., chontla. 

Ribs, panjar, (sides) azla*. 

Rice, chanwal, birinj, shali, urz, runz, 
(plant or in the husk) dhan : — and milk, 
firni, hawikh-firni : — burnt up by the 
sutCs rays, siikha dhan : — cleared of the 
husk, chawal,tandul : — milk, khir, (dakh.) 
shir-birinj, fitni : — prepared by soaking 
and toasting in the husk, churwa ; — 
pressed fiat and eaten raw, murmura : — 
water or gruel, pichh, oghra, mand, sith, 
gulliatti, (dakh.) ganji : boiled — , bhat, 
khushka, sith, (dakh.) turana : early — , 
asii : fne — , isti'mali : ground — , kanki : 
kind of — , batsa, bagaf, pasa'i, ratuiyan, 
ra'e maniya, peshauri, tinni, jhanwaii, do- 
-zira,sukhdas,sii'as,kanika : kind of — cut 
inMarch,hovo : swollenparched — ,(dakh.) 
kho'i : wild — , dal : to beat — , chharnii. 

Rich, (wealthy) daulat-mand, mal-diir, zar- 
-dar, tuwau-gar, ghanl,[mustaghni, dhani, 
lakh-pati, takaita, (sumptuous) fakhir, 
pur-takalluf, (valuable) kimati, giran- 
-bahii (fertile) zar-khez, jaiyid, upja'ii, 
(delicious) maza-dar, mitha : a — person, 
kaufl'ala. RicMes, daulat, mil, amwal, 
zar, dhan, sampat, ghana. 

Richness, (opulence) mal-dari, daulat- 
-mandi, (fertility) zar-khezi, (sweetness) 
mitha'i, maza-dari. 



RIG 

RiciNUS communis or vnlf/aris, arand, ami, 
rand, renrtl -.fruil of the — , aranili. 

Rick, atal, tal, tala, ambar, tuda, kundra. 

To be got Rid of, chhutna : to get — of, 
chhurana, khona, gauwana. 

To Rid, chhurana, khalas k., tama, {clear) 
khali*., saf *., jhar d. Riddance, kha- 
lasi,chhutkara, bacha'o, {clearance)s!Sa.'\. 

Ridden on, {adj.) zer-i-ran, rakub. 

Riddle, {enigma) pahell,chlstan,mu'arama, 
lughz, drisht-kut, {sieve) ghirbal, akha, 
chalni : to — , chalna, saf A. , {solve) hall k. 

To RiDE,sawar />., baithna, ghore par charh- 
na, {as a ship) khara h., {over) rauudna. 

Rider, sawar, rakib, charhwaiya, charhaita: 

— in a car or chariot, rathi : good — , 
shah-sawar, chabuk-sawar : to fasten an 
■unskilful — on his horse, kainchi bandhna. 

Ridge, tila, mend : — of the bad, kangror : 

— of a home, banderi, mangra, markacha : 

— of a mountain, kbaishum, dang : — of 
a thatched roof, khajura : — of thatch, 
matha, mflkha : — or slit in the roof of 
the mouth, talu: — pole, balenda, banderi. 

Ridicule, hansi, hansa'I, tasakhkhur. ma- 
zah, thatholl, sukhriya, taz'hik, laba : to 
— , hansna, bidorna, bidorna, thattha 
marnii, thattha A. Ridiculer, zahik. 

Ridiculing, {subst.) tanz, hasa'i. 

Ridiculous, muz'hik, rish-khand, la'jk-i- 

— tasa khkh ur : — idea, khaYal-i-kham : 

— person, sukhra. 

Riding, {subst.) aswarl, sawarl, (arf7.)mur- 
takib : — on a horse, ship, Sfc, {subst.) 
rukub, {adj.) rikab, sawar : man — behind 
another, lad'if : price paid for — , charha'i. 

Rife, amm, bahut, ghalib, ?Jam-gir. 

Rifle, banduk, tupak : to — ,lutna, churana. 

Rift, chak, darar, shigaf: to — , pharna, 
chirna, phorna. 

To Rig, {dress) banana, sanwarna, {a ship) 
jahaz ka rassa-rassi latkana, {Roeb.) 
ringin taiyar A. RiGGiNG,(Mei/e of a ship) 
jahaz ka rassa-rassi, {Roeb.) ringin. 

Right, {not left) dahna, rast, apasavya, 
{just, true) durust, rast, thlk, hakk, sach, 
rawa, {ft, proper) yukt, jog, la'ik, ba-ja, 
munasib, bar-jasta, {lawful) ja'iz, halal, 
{direct) sidha, {adv. interj.) khair. khiib. 
achchha, bhala, {subst. due) hakk, {pro- 
perty) milk, milkiyat, mal, {share) ans, 
{claim) istihkam, alaka, {privilege) ad- 
hikar, takat, {justice) insaf, nyaw, dad : 

— and left, yasar o yamin : — hand, 
yamin : — handed, rasta : — or wrong, 
char-na-char, hakk-ua-hakk : having a — 
to, {adj.) mustahikk : not — , {adj.) na- 
-sawab : on — terms, bar-sar-i-hisab : on 
the — and left, da'eii ba'en: without 

— or title, {adj.) nir-adhikari. 



RIP 

Righteous, siidh, sadik, rast-baz, nek, adil. 

Righteousness, hidayat, rast-bazi, neki. 

Rightful, hakh-dar, mustahikk, zi-hakk. 

Rightly, rasti se, insaf se. 

Rightness, hakikat, rasti, rast-bazl. 

Rights, hukuk: to put to — , sudhama, mu- 
rattab i., sajna. Rigid, durusht, ka- 
rakht, sakht, {stiff) kariira, jabadda. 

Rigidity, Rigidness, sakhti, durushti. 

Rigorous, sakht, shadid, durusht, kathor. 

Rigour, sakhti, shiddat, {shivering with 
cold) jare ya thandh se sirsirahat. 

Rill, nahr, nala, pain : to — , jhirjhirana. 

Rim, kinara, lab, kor, bar. 

Rind, post, chhal, chhilka, bakla, kishr. 

Ring, {circle) halka, da'ira, girda, giindla, 
ghera, mandal, kundli, {sound) awaz, 
tanka, tankar, {for the ankles) pai-kari, 
khalkhal.nfipur.kara, {dakh.)heT\, {for the 
ear5)chaukara,chaukari,mudra,(rfaXrA.)ba- 
\iaAax\,{forthe finger) angnshtari, anguthi, 
miindri, mudri, {for the great toe) anwat, 
chhaUa,(/oytteKose)besar,nathna,nathni, 
nath, {for the thumb) angushtana,chhalla, 
{dakh.) ghagri, hadyaru, 210, {for the 
toes) nupur, chhalla, 294, {dakh.) kii'iri, 
{for the wrists) toral, churl, kara, kakna, 
bangri, {dakh.) pattri, {in the hilt of a 
sword) nathni, {of kusha grass, Sfc.) 
pabitrl, {used to fetter with) kari, {fvorn 
on the neck) gardani : fiat — worn round 
the waist by women, {dakh.) sada-patti, 
kamar-patta : to — , jhanjhanana, san- 
sanana, kbanakna, (a bell) ghanta. bajana, 
{lounge a horse) kawa d. 

Ringdove, kumri. 

Ringer, ghanta bajanewala. Ringing, 
{subst.) sansanahat, jhanjhkar, jhanak. 

Ringleader, mufsidou ka sardar,sar-guroh. 

Ringlet, kakul, zulf, alak, ja'd, gesi\,turra. 

Rings of earth for forming a well, chak. 

Ringworm, dad, chakiiwl, dina'i,bhainsiya- 
-dad : plant to cure the — , dad-mardan. 

To Rinse, ghangholna, kachharna, mich- 
karna, jhaplana : — the mouth aftereating, 
achana. Rinsing the mouth,{subst.)'ko!ii. 

Riot, harbari, huUar, hangama, balwa, 
kharkhasha, {revel) chakarba, khar-masti : 
to — , hangama A., dhum-dham machana, 
{revel) chakarba machana. 

Rioter, Riotous, dange-baz, dangait. 

Riotousness, dange-bazi, fitna-angezi. 

To Rip, pharna, chirna, chak k. : — up old 
sores, dil ka phapholii phorna. 

Ripe, pakka, pukhta, musammar, maj, ra- 
sida, {ready) taiyar, khara : to — , Ripen, 
(».«.) pakna, pukhta h., {v. a.) pakana. 

Ripeness, paka'i, pak-pan, pukhtagi. 

Ripening, {subst.) nuzj : to commence — , 
rasiyana. 7*0 Ripple, tirtirana,jhirjhirana. 

8 N 



ROA 



2369 



Rippling, {subst.) tarrara. 

Rise, {ascent) charha'o, charha'i, ?u'ud, 
{beginning) ibtida, shuru", aghaz, {in- 
crease) barhti, barha'o, charhti : to — , 
{ascend) charhna, buland A., {swelf)phul- 
na, sujna, baphna, ubharna, {spring) ni- 
kalna, karhna, {be visible) siijhna, nazar 
ana, namiid h., {inprice) barhna, bharl A.: 

— up, uthna, khara A. : — up against 
one, sir uthiina : — {as an assembly) bar- 
-khast h. : — {as the moon) udai h., ugna : 

— {as the .sea) hilori marna : — {as the 
sun) tulu" h., udai h. 

Risen, {got up) khasta, {the sun) udit. 

Risibility, rish-khandi. 

Risible, rish-khand. mutabassim. 

Rising, {subst.) uthan, uruj, {in compos.) 
khez. khezan ; — {as the sun) tali' : — 
ground, pend, tekra, tegra, tila, dhiha : 

— of a sign of the zodiac, lagan : — of 
the sun, Sfc, tulii", matla", ishrak, udot : 

— up, {subst.) bar-khast. utthan. 
Risk, jokhim, khatra, chiulii, chapet, dar, 

parwa : to — , jokhim uthana, khaire men 
dalna : — life, jan-bazi k., ji par khelna. 

RisKER, jokhimi. 

Risking of life, {subst.) sar-bazi: — one's 
head or life, {adj.) sar-baz, jan-baz. 

Rite, a'in-i-din, rit, sanskar, sunnat, tarik. 

Ritual, {adj.) din-mansiib, a'in-paiwand, 
{subst.) kitab-i-fikh, shastr, paddhat. 

Rival, harif, rakib, rakib, kharsang,(rfaAA.) 
poti : — wife, saut -.to — , barabari k. , 
harif i k. : — the wind in speed, hawa se 
bat k. Rivalry, Rivalship, harifi, 
barabari, ham-sari, hiska, 2192. 

To Rive, pharna, phorna, chirna, do hissa k. 

River, nadi, nad, darya, jo, sarit, riid, gang, 
ja*far, wadi : — to be crossed by the dead, 
baitarai : large — , jo'e-biir. 

Country between two Rivers, du-aba. 

Rivet, mekh : to — , mekh se jarna, mekh 
mama. Rivulet, chhoti nadi, nala, nahr, 
ab-jo, jo'e, sota, khal. 

Roach, ek kism ki machhli. 

Road, rah, rah, rasta, rasta, rasta, bat, 
panth, marag, sabll, path, painda, sirat, 
nahj,gamat, tarik, jada, gaU, sarak, dagar, 
padbi, paddi; — dividing into two leading 
different ways, do-raha, du-raba, do- 
-raha : public — , shari*-i-amm : showing 
the — , {subst.) rah-bari. 

To Roam, ramna, dolna, dhawn.i, bhataktii 
phirna. Roan, {subst.) chal. 

Roar, giinj, garj, gargarahat, chikh : to — , 
gunjna, gunjarna, garajna, {as a lion or 
tiger) gajna, daharna, niid*., gargarana, 
{out) chillana, terna, ghahrana. 

Roaring, {subst.) gajan, garj, garjan, kil- 
kari, {adj.) ghuranda : — of the waves, 



2370 



ROM 



sannatri. Roast, kabab : to — , kabab k., 
biryan k., (dakh.) bhunna. 

Roasted, (adj.) kabab, biryan : /il to be — , 
kababi : (o be — , kabab A., biryaa A. 

Roasting, (adj.) kababi. 

Rob, (sirup) rub : to — , churana, chhinna, 
chhln lena, IQtna, mar lena, daka d., thag 
lana : — m the road, painda marna. 

Robbed, (adj. stolen) masruk. 

Robber, chor, duzd, kazzak, thag, dakait, 
rab-zan, daku, rah-mar, dakiya, hathela, 
bat-par, nisa-char, muth-mard, (dakh.) 
lutara, kallar : female — , thagni, thagin. 

Attack by Robbers, daka. 

Robbery, chorT, duzdi, thaga'i, dakaiti, 
rah-zani : — and murder, mardum-azari : 

— at night, shab-kbiinT. 

Robe, jama, saub, kiswat, pairahan : — of 
honour, khil'at, sar-o-pa, kaftan. 

Robust, sina-zor, kawi-haikal, harmushta. 

Robustness, sina-zori, harmushtl. 

Rock, sil, sila, chatau, pakhan, (dakh.) 
banda : to — , (v.a.) hilana, dulana, (v.n.) 
hilna, dolna, (a cradle) jbulana. 

Rocket, ban, hawa'i, bukka : — maker, 
hawa-glr : — thrower, ban-dar : — with a 
sword, saif-ban. 

Rock-salt, sendha, namak-i-lahaurJ, 1536. 

Rocky, pattbrlla, sang-lakh. 

Rod, chhari, sutkun, kazib, (measure) ek 
nap. RoE.harnT, (o/^sA)nmchhlikaanda. 

Rogue, thag, luchcha, awara, kam-bakht, 
(wag) har: wicked — -, haram-zada, gurba- 
-i-miskin. Roguery, makkari, nat- 
-khati, dagha-bazT, rindl. 

Roguish, hariin, sharir, bad-diyanat, (wag- 
gish) harif, chalT. 

Roll, gardish, phera, (list) fard, tumar, 
daftar, (bandage) band, lapet, (for carry- 
ing on) indii'a, indhu-a, (of paper) binda : 

— or list of names, ism-nawisi : to — , 
(v.n.) ghumnii, phirna, dhulna, lurhna, 
dhalakna, dagarna, dhagolna, lundiyana, 
(v. a.) ghumana, phirana, rolna, lapetna, 
dagrana, dhalkana : — about, lotna, lotna 
potna : — up, tai k., lapetna. 

Roller, (bandage) patti, lapet, (of stone) 
pTnd, lorha : — of an oil or sugar-mill, 
jath : — for winding cloth on, lapetan. 

Rolling, (subst.) ghaltSnl, ghurnl. 

RoLLiNGPiN, belan, belna. 

Romance, ki;;a, afsana, kabani, dastan, 
hikayat, khurafat : — teller, afsana-go. 

Romancer, ki??a-go, afsana-go, (latter) 
lapatiyii. Romantic, ajib, nirala, an&tha, 
khiyali. Rome, rum. 

Romp, (play) ganwaru khel, (rude girl) 
chanchal chhokri : to — , gaiiwarii khel 
khelna, achpali *. Romping, (subst.) 
khirs-bazl, aelipalT, ganwarO khel. 



Rood, zamin ki ek paima'ish. 

Roof, cbhat, chhat.chhan, patan, sakf, bam, 
(of the mouth) talu -.fat — , sath, (dakh.) 
dhiiba : to place the beams on the flat — -, 
patana : to — , chhana, patna, chha'onfi. 

To be Roofed, patna. 

Roofing a house with tiles, ^-c, pata'o. 

Rook, kawwa, kag, (at chess) rukh, rath. 

Room, jagah, ja'e, arsa, sama'o, gunja'i, 
gunja'ish, (apartment) kothri, khana, 
makan, kamara, (stead) badla, iwaz : 
dark — , bhaksi. 

Roominess, kushadagi, wus'at, phaila'o. 

Roomy, wasi", kushada, khulasa, bara. 

Roost, basera,adda,chakkas : to — , basera k. 

Root, jar, bekh, bun, (origin) asl, miil, bun- 
yad : — and branch, jar-per : — of a 
medicinal herb, jarl : — of onion, turme- 
rick, i^-c. , gattha : bulbous, tuberous, or 
esculent — , kand ; to — , jar pakarna, 
garna, (out or up) uparna, ukharna. 

Rooted up, (adj.) ni-kand : to be — out or 
up, uparna, ukharna. 

Roots, usuI : — and branches,xisul wafurii". 

Rope, rassi, rassa, habl, rasan, dorl, dam, 
pas, law, barha : — of grass, jiina : — 
passed through the nose of a draught ox, 
nath : — romid the neck of an elephant, 
S(c., altani : — wherewith a string of cattle 
are bound together, daurl : — with which 
the feet or legs of a horse are tied, pa- 
-band, pasi, pichhari : new — of fine 
cotton, kor. Ropedancer, bazl-gar, 
rasan-baz, ma*raka-gir, natwa. 

RoPEMAKER, rasan-saz, rasan-gar. 

Ropewalk, rassa-rassi banane ki jagah. 

RopiNESS, las-darl, lu'ab-dari. 

Ropy, las-lasa, las-dar. 

Rosa Chinensis, kath-gulab : — glanduli- 
fera, sewti, sad-barg, nastaran. 

Rosary, mala, tasbib, sub'ha, jap-mala, 
zunnar, sumran, shumari, kantha : tassels 
affixed to a — , shamsa : the turning or 
counting of a — , sub'ha-gardani. 

Rose, gul, gulab, ward : — apple, jam, 
gulab-jaman: — bay, khar-zahra: — bud, 
ghuncha : — colour, gulabi, patal : — 
coloured, gul-rang, gul-fam, gul-gun : — 
garden, gulistan, gulshan, gul-zar : — 
leaf, gul-barg : — tree, gul-bun : China 
— , jawa: kind of — , kath-gulab, kuza : 
a Persian — very fragrant, gul-i-surl : 
species of — without smell, gul-piyiida : 
white — , sewti, nastaran : wild — , nasrin: 
with a body like the — , (adj.) gul-badan. 

Roseate, gul-gun, surkh. 

Rosemary, iklilu-l-jabal. 

Rosewater, gulab, gulab-nir : bottle for 
sprinkling — , gulab-pSsh. 

Rosin, dhuna, ral, karayal. 



ROW 

Rosy, gul-ru, gul-gun : — cheeked, gul- 
-rukh, gul-izar : — faced, gul-cliihra. 

Rot, saran, (among sheep) khaura : to — , 
(v. n.) sarna, pachna, pans ho-j., ausna, 
upasna, ubasna, (v.a.) pachana, sarana. 

Rotation, phira'o, gardish. 

By Rote, nok-i-zaban, az bar, kanthagr. 

Rotten, bosida, sara, gala, muta'affin. 

Rottenness, bosidagi, sarahat, upas. 

RoTTLERA indica, pindalu : dust from the 
capsules of — tinctoria, kamiid. 

Rotund, gol, mudawwar. 

Rotundity, gola'i. To Rove, dolna,dhaw- 
na, tahalna, sair k., phirna, gasht k. 

Rover, awara, saiyar, khana-ba-dosh. 

Rouge, ek kism ka surkh rang jo "lurateii 
khiibi ke liye chihre par lagati haiu. 

Rough, kharchhara, khurkhura, rukha (un- 
even) arbar, na-hamwar, (severe) durusht, 
sakht, tursh, khasbin, (as the sea) maw- 
waj, mauj-zan, mauj-khez : — draught 
or drawings, musawwada, khasra, kharra. 

Rough-hewn, an-garha, na-tarashida. 

Roughish, khurkhura sa, durushtana. 

Roughly, khurkhurahat se, durushtana. 

Roughness, khurkhurahat, rukha'i,(Aar«/(. 
ness) durushti, sakhti. (of manners) ghi- 
laz^t, na-tarashidagi, 

Roughrideb, chabuk-sawar, sawar-kar. 

Roving, (subst.) khana-bar-doshi. 

Round, (adj.) gol, gol-gol, mustadir, mu- 
dawwar, girda, chakrela, chambarl, man- 
Aa.\-akar, (surrounding) gher,ghera,(subst.) 
chakka, gird, girda, da'ira, ghera, (turn) 
naubat, gardish, daur, (adv.) ghiim, pher : 
— , about (subst.) gird-a-gird: — cake or 
loaf, girda, girda: — (of musketry, Sfc.) 
shaikh : — (plate of metal, ISfc), chakti : 
all — , (adv.) chau-pas, chau-pher: going 
— , (subst.) ghumghuma, (in compos.) 
gard : to — , gol k. : to go — about, pher 
khana, katrana. 

Roundhouse, thana, kaid-khana. 

Roundish, gol-sa. Roundly, saf, sidha, 
dilerana. Roundness, gola'I, gula'i. 

Rounds, tilawa, tilaya. 

To Rouse (v.n.) jagna, bedar h., (v.a.) 
jagana, hushyar k., bedar k., (excite) 
uthiina, l.iarakat d., chalana. 

Rousing, (in compos.) angez. 

Rout, (crowd) bhir, hujum, jamghat, (de- 
feat) kasr, shikast, hazimat, bhagel : to put 
to the — , bagJana, firarA. : to — , bha- 
gana, shikast d. Route, riih, rasta. 

RouTiNF,,kam kl rah, dasturu-l-amal. 

Row, saff, satar, pangat, panti, abali, tantii, 
dar, rak, katar, kor, lar : m a — , auli- 
-sauli : to — , khe'ona, chappii marna. 

Rowel, ek kanta jo ghore ko marnc ke liye 
sawarke gor par laga ralic, («e/on)gul,niith- 



RUI 

Rower, khcwat, khewatiyfi, khewak, (land!. 

Royal, shahl, shahana, badshahl, khakani, 
shah-war, huzurl, {in compos.) shah : — 
closet or chamber, mihrab : — mari on 
the forehead , raj-tilak : —residence, pa'e- 
-takht, taMit-K.ih, ilaiu-l-khilafat, raj- 
-dhani, (yy«/«cc)daulat-khana,raj-mandir: 
— tent, court, or palace, khargah, sara- 
-parda : — titles to public papers, tughra. 

Royalist, badshah-dost, raj -pachchhi. 

Royally, badshahana, kliusrawana. 

Royalty, badshabat, badshahi, shahT, raj, 
raja'i, saltanat, taj-warl. 

RuB,ragar,ragra,ghisa'o, malish, {difficulty) 
mushkil, {sarcasm) mazakh, thattha : to 
— , malna, ghasna, ragarna, malish k., 
minjna : to — cloth in mud prepara- 
tory to washing, sondhna : to — gently, 
sahlana, sahrilna : to — gently with the 
nails, khujana : to — off, ghisna, mal d. : 
to — out, mitana, hakk k. : to — with 
the hands, mijna. 

Rubbed, (arf/.)suda : tobe — ,ghisna,ghutna. 

Rubber, ghotni, muhra, {for a horse) hathi, 
{used in baths) khisa, {in compos.) mal. 

Rubbing, {subst.) ragar, ragra, ghisa'o, ma- 
lish, {dakh.) lagariit, {in compos.) &a.,(siTsa, 
mal : apt to be worn by — , ghasna, ghisna : 
by — , {adv.) ghisnl : gentle — , sahlahat. 

Rubbish, khashak, khasak, malba, khas o 
khiir, kurkut, kiira, {dakh.) kachra. 

RuBiA manjith, majith. 

Ruby, la'l, yalait, lal, manik, yakut-i-rura- 
manl : false stone resembling a — , lalrl. 

Ruby-coloured, la'l-I, la"l-fam. 

RucTATiON, dakfir, arogh, udgar, dhakar. 

Rudder, patwar, sukkan, karwara, kanhar. 

Ruddiness, lal-T, surkh-i. Ruddy, gul-ru. 

RuPE.be-adabtgustakh, anari, na-tarashida. 

Rudely, sakhtlse, gustakhlse, durushtl se. 

Rudeness, be-adabi, be-imtiyazi, gustakhi. 

Rudiment, asl, bunyad, bina, jar, ka'ida. 

Rue, sudab, faijan : to ■ — , pachhtana, rona. 

Rueful, gliam-gin, maliil, gham-khez : of 
a — countenance, roni-siirat. 

RUELLIA longifolia, gokhrQ, bhankari (?). 

RuFF,chunat-dar guliiband, {afsh) ek kism 
k! machhli, (a bird) ek kism ki chiriya. 

Ruffian, muth-mard,liaraml,thag,chandal. 

Ruffle, (i?( (//■ra*)jhalar, {commotion) ahher. 

To Ruffle, {rumple) AiA-massAk., {disturb) 
chherna. RuG, namad, kammal. 

Rugged, arbar,behar,nasheb-faraz,(sAa^jy) 
jhabbii'a, {harsh) karakht. 

Ruggedness, na-hamwarJ, durushtl. 

Ruin, kharabi, haliiki, tabahl, pa'emall, 
inhidam : to — , mama, bigarna, tabah k. , 
torna : to — one's prospects in life, rah- 
-marna : to — oneself and family, ghar 
4uboua. Ruination, kharabi. tabahl. 



RUP 

Ruined, kliarab,kliarab-khasta, tabilh, pa'e- 
mal, {demolished) ujar, munhadim : to be 
— , satyanas h., ghar dubna, kharab h. 

RuiNER, gharat-gar, ghalak, ujaran-har. 

Ruinous, {in ruins) ujar, munhadim, tuta- 
-phiita, {destructive) tabahl-saz, muzirr. 

Ruins, khandar, kharabat : in — ,ujra-paj!-a. 

Rule, ka'ida, kanun,dastuni-l-amal,zabita, 
(su.'ay)hukiimat : to — , (sM'ay)hukumat A., 
dabana, {mark with lines) mistar k. , sa- 
tar khaiiichna. 

Ruler, hakim, amil, ra'Is, sardar, nazim, 
iswar, {for drawing lines) mistar, jadawil- 
-kash, salaka. Rulers, (cA!e/i)hukkam. 

Rules, kawa'id, a'ln. 

Ruling, {subst. of lines) satar-bandi, {go- 
veming)m\i\k-A.3.Ti,{adj . governing)\\v.]!.m. 
-ran. Rum, asav, ekkism ki sharab. 

To Rumble, gargarana, {as the bowels) 
gargaranii, khalkhalana, kulbulana. 

Rumex vesicarius, chuka. 

To Ruminate, paguriina, jugali k., {muse) 
fikr k. Rumination, jugali, pagur (?), 
{thought) dhyan, soch. 

To Rummage, tapa-to'i*., chhanmarna. 

Rumour, afwah, awaza, shuhrat, hiiha, kha- 
bar. To Rumour, kabna, khabar k., 
afwah phailana. 

Rump, chiitar, surin, {of a horse) mendak. 

Rumple, cbunan, shikan, chin : to — , dal- 
-masal k., mlsna, shikan d. 

Run, daur, {flow) baha'o, (ro;)/(Zsa/f)rawaj, 
chalan, khapat: to — ,(y.w.)daurna,(^ow) 
bahna, {as melted metal) dhalna, pighalnii, 
galna, {leak) chuna, tapakna, {spread) 
phailna, {v.a.) daurana, chalana, {as metal 
infusion) dhalna, pighlanil : to — about, 
daurta phirna : to — about uselessly, ra- 
barna : to — after, pichhe parna, khu- 
rerna, khedna : to — at, dhawna : to — 
away, bhagna, bhiig^'., palana, bhajna : 
to — away with, le jana, le bhagna : to 

— down, dabana, {depreciate) halkai., 
{overtake in hunting, Sfc.) raged mama, 
daurake pakarna : to ■ — iti, {v.n.) paithnii, 
{v. a.) paithalna : to — on or about, 
dhawa marna. 

Runaway, Runagate, bhagora, bhagel. 
Runner, daurak, daurjiha, kasid, dawind. 
Runnet, panir-maya, jaman, joran, chusta. 
Running, {adj.) bahta, jari, tawin, {subst.) 
daur, dhawa, tag-o-taz, {flowing) jiryan : 

— about fruitlessly, sag-dau-i : — at the 
nose from cold, balgham, rezish : — away, 
{subst.) firar, bhag-a-bhag : — over, 
chhalak : — through flre on religious oc- 
casions, dhammal. 

Rupee, riipiya, {filledwith lead, Sfc.) 2010. 
Rupture, {breach) tor, tOt, shikast, {dis- 
agreement) phiit, bigar, judagi, {hernia) 



SAD 



2371 



fatk, and-kos, bad-khaya : to have a — , 
rag utarna. To Rupture, torna, phoj-na. 

Ruptured, ghurghur. 

Rural, dih-T, gaiiwl, dihiit-T. 

Rush, {herb) nagar-motha (?), {motion) 
rela, jhapat, farrata : to — , daurna, da- 
patna, jhapatna, relna, {in or upon) tutna, 
lapakna, hujum k., {dakh.) hulakna, {on 
with rage) bhabakna. 

Russet {coloured), gandum-gfin, finduk-I. 

Rust, zangar, zang, morcha, mail, {dakh.) 
zangSl : to — or become RusTY.zanglagna. 

Rustic, dlhi, ganwin, berunjati, {aubat.) 
gaiiwiir, dihkani, rosta'i. 

Rusticity, dihkaniyat, ganwar-pan, 1474. 

To Rustle, kharakna, machmachana(.>). 

Rusty, zangar-i, murchaha, zang-aluda. 

Rut {made by a wheel), lik, reghari. 

To Rut, ratana. 

Ruthless, be-rahm, sang-dil, kathor. 

Rye, deogandum. 

Rye-grass, ek kism kl ghas. 



Sabbath, sanTchar,shamba : seeSATURDAY. 

Sable, {animal or skin) samur, {black) 
siyah, kala. 

Sabre, shamsher, tegha, samsam. 

Saccharine, shakkar-sifat, shakar-I,mTtha. 

Saccharum cylindricum, ulii, ulwa, iilii : 
— munja, munj : — officinarum, iikh : — 
procerum, sarpat, sarpata : — sara, sar, 
sentha, senthi : — spontaneum, kas. 

Sack, gon, khurji. bora,thaili, {plundering) 
takht-o-taraj, lut-pat, {wine) ek kism kl 
sharab : to — , miir lena, Ifitna, gharat k. 

Sackbut, alghoza, muiih-kal. 

Sackcloth, rfekhlT, tat, matami tat, dalk. 

Sacrament, (oaM)kasam, (eMe^am<)maha- 
-prasad. Sacred, liaram, haram, pawan, 
mukaddas, pak : — place, harim, chhetr. 

Sacredness, takaddus, pakl, kuds. 

Sacrifice, bal, kurban, zabh, med, tasad- 

duk :/oi , bismili : place of — , bismil- 

-gah, mazbili : to — , zablj *. , tasadduk k. , 
bismil k., cliarhana, warna, kurban k., 
bal i., {give up) dena, khona, chhoma: 
to fall a — for some one, jan kisi par d. 

Sacrificed, mazbiih, zabib, bismil, kur- 
biini : to be — , zabh h., kurban h. 

Sacrificer, zabih, charhawanhar. [-chori. 

Sacrilege, kafan-chori, tabarrakat-ki- 

Sad, hazin, anmana, azurda, udas, maliil : 
of a — countenance, roni-siirat. 

Saddle, zin, kathi, sarj, palan : camel' a — , 
kajawa : cloth over the — , zin-posh : ele- 
phant's — , {dakh.) gadala : — cloth, 
damanl, ghashiya, sundka, mail-Hiora, 



2372 



SAL 



{adorned with fringes, S(c.) awa'i : — 

horse J sawari ka ghora : — maker, khogir- 

-doz, zin-siiz : — straps or cords for 

hanging game to, fiti-ak : stuffing of a — , 

tah-ru: tree of a camel's — , jahaz ; to 

— , zin bandhna, palanna. 
Saddler, mochi, sarraj, zin-saz. 
Sadly, gham-gfnl se, dil-giri se. 
Sadness, udas-I, malal, dil-giri, huzn, 98. 
Safe, amin, mahfuz, mamua, saliimat, be- 

-khatra : — and sound, bhala-changa. 
Safecoxduct, rahdari ka parwana, chhor- 

-chitthi, {guard) hifazatka pahra. 
Safeguard, himayat,panah,pusbt,rah-bar. 
Safely, salamati se, ba khair kbQbi. 
Safeness, Safety, salamati, amn, bacha'o. 
Safflower, bastard Saffron, usfur, ma'as- 

far, kusum : cloths died with — , kusum- 

bhi : die of — ,kusumbha : seed of — , kar. 
Saffron, za'faran, kesar, kumkum, abir: 

— coloured, za*faran-T, kesariya. 
Sagacious, zirak, siyana, arif, fitratl, zahin. 
Sagacity, fitrat, tez-fahmi, firasat, shu'ur. 
Sagapenum, sikbinaj. 
Sage, dana, akil : a — , hakim, rikh, muni. 
Sageness, dana'i, chatura'i, hoshyari. 
SAGES,hukama. Sagittarius, dlianu.kaus. 
Said, kaha, bola, mazkQr, farmiida, mazbiir. 
Sail, pal, badban, parda, {Roeb.) serh, 

{ship) ]ahiz : to — ,palsej., darya meiij., 

chalna : to set — , kholna, {Roeb.) serh k. 
Sail-cloth, ajar. Sailor, mallah, Khalasi, 

jahazi : — who heaves the lead, ab-shinas. 
Saint, wali, pir, sidh, sadh, rikb, ghaus, (of 

waters) khwaja kbizr. Saints, auliya. 
Saka, era of Salivdhana, 1233. 
Sake, khatir, wasta, arth -.for the — , waste, 

live, het. Salacious, mast, unmatt, 

shahwati, chudasa. 
Salad, salata, salitih (?). ♦ 
Salagram {kind of ftinty stone) salagram. 
Salamander, samandar, ag ka kirii. 
Salaries, waza'if. 
Salary, saliyana, talab, uiafa. 
Sale, bika'o, bikri, khapti, farokht, bai", 

452 : — by commission, arhat. 
Saleable, bika'u, murawwaj : — goods, 

chalticbiz. Salep, sa'lab misri. 
Salesman, dallal, faroshanda. 
Saline, namkin,khara; — qualiig, shoriyat. 
SALIVA,thiik,ral,tuf,lu'ab: emitting — ,1949 
To Salivate, mui'ih lana, thukana. 
Salivation, muiih-ana, munhan, lu'&b- 

-awari. SALLOW,sanwl5,phika,kaljahwan. 
Sallowness, phika'i, pila'i, zardi. 
Sally, khuriij, zagliand : to — , khuruj k. 
Sallyport, khirki, chor-khirki. 
Saloon, dalan, Bhah-nishin. 
Salsuginous ground, shor zamin. 
Salt, {lubtl.) Ion, namak, non, mill), piinga. 



SAN 

{adj.) salona, khara, lon-a, sbor, nam- 
kin : black — , pada-non : dealer in — , 
noniya : place where — is produced, or — 
lands, lon-ar : manufacturer of — , mallah i 
(0 wound) stopped or bound up with — , 
namak-band : — that efflorescesfromwalls, 
^c, lon-a, liini ; — water, iib-i-shor : 
rock — ,sandhab, sendha : sea — made by 
evaporation, karkach : to — , Ion d., Ion 
dalna, namkin k. 

SALTCELLAR,namak-dan. SALTED,salona. 

Saltless, be-namak, alona, anona. 

Saltmaker, luniya, malangi, noniya. 

Saltness, shorisb, namkini. Saltpetre, 
shora : impure — , jawakbar : — maker, iog-j 

Salt-pit, lon-ar, namak-sar. 

Salvadora persica, pilu. 

Salvation, mochh, rastagari, taran, mukt, 
najat, nistiir, bacha'o, chhuta-pa. 

SALUBRious,sihhat-bakhsh,sukhad,muwafik 

Salve, marham, malham, lep. 

Salver, thall, tasht, tasht, {dakh.) sin. 

Salutariness, fa'ida-mandi, manfa'at. 

Salutary, nafi", shafi, mufid, a'ida-mand. 

Salutation, salam, dandwat, kornish, na- 
maskar, bandagi, paruam : to return the 
— , salam lena. 

Salute, salami: to — .salami., dast-bosiA., 
taslim k., {by putting the hand to the head) 
dast ba-sar A., hath uthana. 

Sambat {era of Vikramaditya), 1310. 

Same, yak-san, wnh-i, wah-i, yih-i, ek-hi, 
{incompos.)\\am: of the — age, ham-sinn, 
ham-umr : of the — breed, ham-nasl : 
of the — • cast or race, sa-jati : of the — 
religion, ham-maz'hab : of the — sort, 
kind, or species, sa-jiiti : of the — trade, 
ham-pesha : of the — tribe or family, 
ham-kufu : of the — weight, ham-wazn, 
ham-sang : self — , jaise ka waisa, jaise 
ka taisa : exactly the — as before, or ori- 
ginally, won ka won-hi. 

Sameness, yak-san-i,tasawi,eka'i,barabari. 

Sample, namuna, bangi, madari, chashni. 

Sanative, shafi, sihbat-awar, shifa-bakhsh. 

Sanctification, tat'hir, takdis. 

To Sanctify, pak k. 

Sanction, ijazat, hukm, amr. 

Sanctity, pakT, takdis, salabiyat, taharat. 

Sanctuary, makdis, {asylum) maman. 

Sand, balu, reg, ret, rami, kanika, barii. 

Sandal, alga, na'lain, kharpa. 

Sandal-wood, sandal, chandan : colour of 
— , malagiri : mountain whence the best — 
is brought, maliigir : of the colour of —, 
sandali : stone on which — is ground, 
.sandalauta, ^hursa, {dakh.) sandlasa: red 
— , rakt chandan. 
Sandarak, sandaros. Sandf.rs, sandal, 
chandan : red — , rakt chandan. 



SAV 

Sandpiper, tatibra, tatihri. 

Sandy, retila, retla, balii'a, kirkira, {as 

bread) kaskasa : — ground, retal, reti : 

— place or region, reg-zar. 
Sanguinary. khun-khwar.khiim.khiin-rez. 
Sanguine, khiin-dar, pur-khiin, (rerf)surkh, 

lal, {confident) wasik, nazan, ummed-war. 
Sanguineness, ummedwari, sar-garmi. 
Sanguis draconis, damu-1-akhwain. 
Sanies, gha'o ka pani, zard ab. 
Sanseviera zeylanica {dakh.) murghabi. 
Santalum album, chandan, ujla chandan. 
Sap, arak, ras, sat, pani, dudh, {mine) sa- 

rang, nakb : to — , surang k., nakb mama, 

sendh mama. 
Sapient, dana, akil, zirak, alim, wukiif-dar. 
Sapindus emarginatus, ritha. 
Sapless, a-ras, be-ras, khushk. sukha. 
Sapling, paudha, kera, nawal, nihal. 
Sappan wood, bakam. 
Sapphire, nilam, safir, 2107, nil phattar, 

•2106. Sappiness, ras-darl, ser-abi. 
Sappy, rasila, arak-dar, ser-iib, shadab. 
Sarcasm, mihna,ta'n,tanz,kinaya,la'n-ta'n. 
Sarcastic, SARCASTicAL,ta'n-amez,sak]it. 
Sarcastically, ta'n se, tanz se, tanzan. 
Sarcocolla, anzarut. 
Sarsaparilla, salsa, ushba, mako'e. 
Sash, seli, jal, baddhi, patka, {of a window) 

jharokhe ke a'ine ka chaukath, pinjra. 
Satan, shaitan. Satanic, Satanical, 

sbaitani. Satchel, thaili, juz-dan. 
To Sate, Satiate, bharna, chhakana, ser k. 
Sated, Satiated, ser, aghana, asiida. 
ToSeSATiATED orSATED,ji phir j. ,chhakna. 
Satiety, seri, agha'i, chhaka'i, asiidagl. 
Satin, atlas, pilam,istabrak,sundus,satin(.'). 
Satire, hajo,mazammat,ninda,bhanda\vwa. 
Satiric, Satirical, hajo-amez, tanz-go. 
Satirist, hajo-gar, haji, zahik, hajo-go. 
To Satirize, hajo k., mazammat *.,nindna. 
Satisfaction, bbog, khatir -jam'i, khush- 

niidi, {giving content)had]a, taskin : — of 

jMmd, man-piiran : taking — , rau'-fikhaza. 
Satisfactory, dU-pasand, khatir-kh\yah. 
Satisfied, asiida, kharsand, khushniid. 

razi, mustaghni, kam-yab, santusbt : to be 

or rest — , iktifa *., chhakj. 
To Satisfy, razi A., UiushA., bharna. 
Satisfying, {subst.) istifa, Tfa, {adj.) 1837. 
7'o Saturate, bhar (f., pura*. 
Saturday, sanichar, shamba, hafta. 
Saturn, zuhal, sanichar, kaiwan, mand. 
Saturnine, sanjida,malul,tira,kara-mizaj. 
Satyr, nasnas, ghiil, ek farzi o shahwati 

dewta adhe fidmi aur adhe bakri ki jurat. 
Savage, (arf;.) jangli, dashti, sawaj, wahshi, 

{cruel) kur, sang-dil, katar, {subst.) ban- 

-m.'inus, jangli admi. 
Savagely, be-rahmi sc, sang-dili se. 



SCA 

Savageness, wal.ishat, be-ralimi, sang-dili. 

Sauce, binjan, yakhni; kiudofacid — ,chatiu 

Saucer, tashtarl, sakorl, thali, pirich. 

Sauciness, shokhi, gustakhl, dhitha'i. 

Saucy, shokh, dhitha, gustakh, be-adab. 

Save, ma-siwa,chhorke,chhut, (interj. )644. 

To Save, bachana, rakhna, salamat rakhna, 
mahfu?, rakhna, baz rakhna, himayat k. 

Saved, rasta, naji, mahfuz: to be — , bachna. 

Saving, (adj.) kifayati, juz-ras, (adv.) 
siwa'e, chhorke. 

Savings, pas-andaz, jor-jar, sanchai. 

Saviour, shafi*, rachchbak, bachane-wala. 

To Saunter, phirna, ramna, para-phirna. 

Savour, maza, lazzat, (scent) bu, gandh : 
to — , (scent) bfisna, (betoken) dalalati., 
(taste) maza rakhna, (like) chahna. 

Savoury, laziz, niaza-dar, khush-guwar. 

Sausage, kulma, kulma, langucha. 

Saw, karant, arra, karot, minshar, ara. 

To Saw, are se chTrna, are se katna, ara k. 

Sawdust, bura, lakri kl buknl. 

Sawyer, arra-kash, karant-i. 

Saxifrage, kasiru-1-hajar. 

Say, (imper.) kah, go, (saying) kahii : to — , 
kahna, bolna, bhakhna, kathna, bat k., 
farmana : to cause to — , kahana, kahlana. 

Say-er, Saying, ka'il, goya, goyan, (in 
compos.) go. Saying, (snbst.) kahawat, 
masal, bat, sukhan, kaul, makCda, 

Scab, khasra, papri, chat, khiithi, (disease) 
kharish, kharisht, (of small po.v) dewli. 

Scabbard, niyam, kath, kathi, miyan. 

Scabby, kharishti, khasra-pur. 

Scaffold, machan, gargaj, daunja, payath. 

To Scald, (v. a.) garm pani sejalana. 

ScALDHEAD,bad-khora,cha'm-chu'm, ganj. 

Scaldheaded, ganja, kal. 

Scale, (for weighing) palla, palra, palla, 
tarazu, tak, tula, (of a fish) choya, chhil- 
ka, dewli, sarhna, (ladder) sopan, (of a 
scab) papri, dewli, (musical) sarigam, 
(gradation) tadrij, darja: to — , (mount) 
sirhi se charhna, (strip) chhilka uthana. 

Scales, takharl, mizan, (of iron) ^arasha : 
small — , nikti : goldsmith's small — , 
nitti, kanta : making — equal, (svbst.) 
launa. Scaling ladder, nardban. 

ScALLioN, ek kism ki piyaz. 

Scalp, thapera, khopri ka chamra. 

Scaly, chhilke-dar. 

ScAMMONY, sakmfiniya. 

To Scamper off, champat A., dar se bhagna. 

To Scan, takti' k., wazn k., (examine) 
janchna, tahklk k., chhanna. 

Scandal, bad-nami, iftira, kalank, Sib, 
dagh, tuhmat : to — , Scandalize, bad- 
-niim i., tuhmat lagana, fazihat k. 

Scandalous, ma*yfib, zabun, bad, bura. 

Scanning, nazm ki wazn-bandi, takti". 



SCH 

Scant, Scanty, tang, thora, kalll, kam. 

Scantiness, killat, kami, tangT. 

Scape, bacha'o; to — , bachna, nikal bhagna. 

Scapula, kfindhe ki haddi. 

Scab, gha'o ka dagh, chittl, nishan, chinh, 

chakta, chitkara : to — , dagh d., chitti 

lana, chakta d., chakta lena. 
Scarab.eus, gubrauta, gobaronda. 
Scarce, tang, thora,birla,dur-labh,kam-yab. 
Scarcely, kamtar, mushkilse, dushwarise. 
Scarceness, Scarcity, tangi, tora, chatka, 

kam-yabi, chattl, killat, kamti, (famine) 

akal, mahangi, durbhichh. 
To Scare, bharkana, darana, bhatkana. 
Scarecrow, dhokha, dhuha, bijhgah. 
To be Scared, bbarakna, darna. 
Scarf, uparna, orhni, do-patta. 
ScARFSKiN, jhilli, kbas. 
Scarification, pachhna, pachhni. 
Scarificator, (the instrument) pachhna. 
Scarifier, l.iajjam. 
To Scarify, pachhna d., khiin lena. 
Scarifying, («(*«<. )pachhna, pachhnI, 951. 
ScARLET,(«ais<.)gul-nar,(arf;.)lal : — cloth, 

sakillat: — fly, bir-bahuti. 
Scarp, khandak ka dhal. 
Scarred, dagh-dar : to be — dagh h. 
ScATE, (fish) sangus, sankchi, (instrument) 

barf par chalne ke liye ek kism ka khara'Qn. 
To Scatter, chhitrana, phailana, bakherna, 

bitbrana, khindiina, chhitna, chhitkana, 

nisar k., (v.n.) bitna. 
Scattered, (adj.) astabyast, afshani, para- 

ganda, tin-terah, rekhta, mutafarrik, (iti 

compos.) afshan, fishan : to be — , phailna, 

bikharna, khindna, bitbarna, chhitakna. 
Scattering, (subst.) intishar, pareshani, 

nisar, (in compos.) afshan, fishan, afshani, 

rez, rezi, gustar, pash. 
Scavenger, khak-rob, rah-rob. 
Scene, did, manzar, (theatre) akhara, nach- 

-ghar, (part of a play) sang, kautuk. 
Scenery, (prospect) jagah-did, madd-i- 

-nazar, (apparattis) samagri, asbab. 
Scent, bas, bo, gandh, mahak, sundhawat, 

(seme of smell) shJmma : to —, (smell) 

sunghna, bo lena, (perfume) basna, mu'- 

attar k. Scented, (adj.) bo-dar. 
Scentless, be-bo, nir-bas, nir-gandh. 
Sceptic, ahl-i-shakk, munkir-i-waliT. 
Sceptical, shakki, munkir-i-wahi o shastar. 
Scepticism, shubha, shakk, ilhad, inkar-i- 

-kalamu-1-lah. Sceptre, asa-i-shahl. 
Schedule, daftar, fard, tazkira. 
Scheme, mansiiba, tajwiz, hikmat, bandish, 

upa'e, tadbir, (plan) naksha, katkana. 
Schemer, mansiiba-baz, Ijikmati, katkane- 

-biiz. Schism, bid'at, rifz, phiit, khalal. 
Schismatic, bid'ati, khariji, rafizi. 
Scholar, talmiz, shagird, sikh, talibu-1- 
8 O 



SCO 



2373 



-ilm, bidyarthi, (learned man) "dim, fazil, 

kbwanda : apt — , shagird-i-rashid : to 

become a — , guru-mukh h. 
Scholars, talamiz. 
Scholarship, "Imiyat, fazTlat, (maintenance 

for a scholar) t.alibu-1-ilm ka mushahara. 
Scholastic, maktabi, madrasa-mansib. 
Scholiast, sharih, hashiya-nawis. 
Scholium, hashiya, sharh. 
School, maktab, maktab-khana, dabistan, 

path-sala, chat-sal, sal : to — , sikhlana, 

tarbiyat k., parhana. 
Schoolboy, chatta, tifl-i-maktab. 
Schoolfellow, ham-maktab,ham-dabistiin 
Schoolmaster, miyan-ji, muUa, ustad, 

mu'allim, akhund, mudarris, pildha. 
Schoolmistress, muUanl, atfi, (dakh.) 

atun, atQn-ji. 
Sciatica, nikris-i-surin. 
Science, bidya, ilm, danish, hikmat, fann. 
Sciences, uliim, funiin, ma'lumat : six 

philosophical — of the Hindus, V\\zt-^%s\,r 
Scientific, ilmi, ahl-i-ilm, bidya-wan, 

mutabik-i-kawa'id-i-ilm. 
Scimitar, shamsher, talwiir, tarwar,nimcha, 

sarohi, tegh, tegha. Scinc, reg-mahi, 

sakankiir (dakh.) ghor-phor. 

To Scintillate, jhilmilana, chingichhutna. 

Scintillation, chingi-kbezi, dagdagahat. 

Scion, (shoot) pallav, (graft) paiwand, 

kalam. Scirpus kysoor, payodhar. 
Scirrhous, sakbt gilti-dar, ganthila. 
SciRRHUs, gilat, gilti, nuziil-i-ab. 
ScissARS, kainchi, katarni, mikraz, sarota. 
Scoff, Scoffing, ta'n, ta'na, ta'na-zani, 

istihza, maz'haka : to — , ta'n i., galiyana, 

thattha k., (at any one) battisi dikhana. 
Scoffer, ta"na-zan,zahik, ta'm. 
Scold, kalahi, karkasa, kalah-karini : to — , 

jhirakna, charcharana, dhamkana, galid. 
Scolding, (subst. dakh.) jhirkat. 
ScoLLOP,(sAe//)ek kism ki dandane-dar sadaf 
ScoLOPENDRA,kankhajura, kan-sala'i,gojar. 
Scoop, kiirni, hattba, khurachni : to — , 

korna, khakhorna, khol i. 
Scope, (room) jagah, arsa, phaila'o, (mean- 
ing) fahwa-i-kalam, maksad, ma'ni. 
Scorbutic, khasra-dar, dewU-dar. kharishti. 
To Scorch, tachana, jhulsana, harkana. 
Scorched, (adj.) jala-bala, sokht, so^ta : 

to be — , bhulasna, jhulasna, harakna, (by 

the sun or hot wind) liikna. 
Score, (line) dandir, bat, chachir, khatt, 

lakir, (account) hisab, lekha, (twenty) 

bisi, kori : to — , khatt khainchna, chichrhi 

kbaiiichna. Scoria, filizz, nyara: one wAo 

extracts metals from their — , nj ariya. 
Scorn, hakarat, tahkir, istihza, mazammat, 

ninda, ihanat : to — , ninda *., hakarat *. 

halkajanna. Scorned, (adj.) mazmiim. 



2374 



SCR 



ScoRNER, nindak. Scornful, ighmazi. 
Scornfully, ihanat se, hakarat se. 
Scorpio, (sign) bichha, akrab, bichchhu, 

brischik. Scorpion, bichchhu, bichbu'a, 

brischik, bichha, akrab, kazh-dum. 
Scot-free, be-khiraj, muft. 
Scoundrel, bur-chod, kaltaban, kurram- 

-sak, haram-zada. 
To Scour, manjna, ragarna, saf i., {be 

purged) pet chalna, {purge) jharna. 
To be Scoured, manjna. 
Scourge, {whip) taziyana, kora, {punish- 

vient) saza : to — , kora mama, taziyana 

lagana, {punish) saza d. 
Scouring, {subst.) jUa : price of — , malwa'i. 
Scout, dld-ban, bhediya,khabar-dar,jasiis. 
To Scowl, bhaun terhl i., thuthana, nak 

bhaufi charhana. Scraggy, {lean) dubla, 

patla, {rough) khurkhura, arbar. 
To Scramble, chhlna-chham t., {climb) 

chhaukna, bUangna. 
Scrambler, chhaukan. 
Scrap, parcha, chit, tarasha, rezgi, reza, 

kiina'i, {of cloth) latta, {of paper) purza. 
Scrape, {scar) chakta, {difficulty) kash- 

-ma-kash, jhanjhat: to — , chholna, chhil- 

na, khurachna, kharochna : — {the earth 

as fowls do) kakorna : — up a fortune, 

jorna. Scraper, chholni, rampi, khurpi. 
Scraping, {in compos.) kharash, kharashi : 

— of the skin, chakta : — together, ]ot-1&t. 
Scrapings of a pot, tah-degi, khurchan. 
Scraps, boghma, tukra-purza, reza-reza. 
Scratch, noch, charka, kharont, nakh- 

-rekh, nuhatta : to — , bakotna, chonthna, 

nochna, kharotna, kharochna. 
Scratching, {subst. itching) chul, kut- 

kut : — out, hakk. To Scrawl, bad 

khatt likhna, chichrhi khainchna. 
Scrawler, bad-khatt. 
Scream, Screech, chillahat, chinghar, 

chikh : to — , chillana, chilchilana, ching- 

harna, chlkhna, chikh mama, kukna. 
Screen, parda, ot, tatta, tatti, jhamp, chik, 

kanat : to — , {shelter) etna, ot *., 

ojhal i., («//) jharna. 
Screw, pech, marori, {dakh.) klli : to — , 

bidoma, pech d., moj'na, ainthna. 
Scribble, bad-khatt, bad-Ukha : to — , 

bad khatf likhna. 
Scribe, katib, likhnl-das. 
Scrip, (4aj)thaili,(no<e)ruk'a,chitthI,purza. 
Scriptural, mutabik kitab-i-mukaddas. 
Scripture, kitab, sha8tr,kitab-i-inukaddas. 
Scrivener, ikramama-nawis. 
Scrofula, kanth-mala, khanazir, ghur- 

ghura. Scroll, lape^a hu'a kaghaz, 

daftar, fard. Scrotum, pota, pota, fofa. 
Scrub, pajl admi, sifla, diin : to — , manjna. 
Scrubby, pajT, kamiua, zalll, dun. 



SEA 

Scruple, {doubt) shubha, shakk, ishtibah, 

{weight) karib ath ratti ka ek wazn : to — , 

hichkichana, shubha *., waswas k. 
Scrupulous, hadiyaha, bharmila, waswasi. 
Scrupulousness, hadiyahat,ihtiyat,waswas 
Scrutineer, muhasib, mumtahin, talashi. 
To Scrutinize, khub janchna, imtihan k. 
Scrutiny, just-o-ju, imtihan, janch, taftish. 
ScRUTOiRE, likhne ka sandiik. 
To Scud, hawa se jaldi chalna, daurna. 
Scuffle, khaincha-khainchi, dhakkam- 

-dhakka, juti-paizar: to — , hatha-pa'i k., 

khaincha-khainchi k. 
To ScuLK, dabakna, dabak baithna, chhip 

rahna. Sculker, dabkel, dabkila, kam- 

-chor {dakh.) kam-chor. 
Sculking, {adj.) dabkel, dabkila. 
Scull, khopri, kasa-i-sar, {oar) chhota dand. 
Sculler, dandi, {boat) ek taur kl na'o. 
Scullery, bawarchi-khane ki chizen rakhne 

kl jagah. Scullion, deg-sho, tahia'a. 
Sculptor, sang-tariish, but-tarash, siirat- 

-gar, nakkash, sikka-kun. 
Sculpture, sang-tarashi, but-tarashi, nak- 

kashl, {carved work) khoda hii'a naksha. 
Scum, kaf, gaj, phen, mail, kat, jhag, ka'I, 

{refuse) talchhat, gad. Scurf, papra, 

papri, bafa, rusl. Scurfy, paprila. 
Scurrility, fuhsh, gali, zabiin-darazi. 
Scurrilous, bur-bola,zaban-daraz,fuhsh-go 
Scurvy, ek maraz jo jahaz par paida hota 

hai. Scut, tunga. 
Scuttle, tokra, tokri. 
ScYBALA, sudda, sanda, gubhlla. 
Scytalia litchi, lichi. 
Scythe, das, dasa. 
Sea, darya, samudr, samundar, bahr, sagar, 

umman, kulzum, sindhu, yamm : middle 

of the — , lujja : the Bed — , kulzum. 
Seabeat, samundar ki manj se mara gaya. 
Seaborn, darya-zada, samundar men jana 

hu'a. Seafaring, jahazi, samundar se 

ana jana kame-wala. 
Sea-girt, samundar se ghera hii'a. 
Seagreen, darya-rangl. 
Seal, muhr, mudra, khatim, chhap, chhapa, 

khatm, {animal) ek kism ka darya'I jan- 

war : — cutler, — engraver, muhr-kan : 

— engraving, {subst.) muhr-kani : — of 
a judge, sijill : — of a magistrate, sanad : 

— ring, chbiip, khiitim, mudra : — setter, 
khatim -band : keeper of the — , muhr- 
-dar, raubr-bardar : king*s — , uzak tiizak : 
marks of a — , mudra : to — , muhr A., 
muhr cliapkanii, {ratify) mukarrar * 

Sealed, (arf;.) sar ba-muhr, makhtiim. '2003. 

Sealingwax, lakh, lah. 

Seam, darz, dokht. siwan, jor, (scar) diigh : 

— of a garment from the armpit down 
the side, kliarjia: to — , milana, jopna. 



SEC 

Seaman, jahazi admi, mallah, khala^i. 

Seamanship, mallahi. 

Seamstress, sine-wali, sine-hai-i. 

Seapiece, samundar ki taswir. 

Seaport, bandar, langar-gah. 

To Sear, jhulsana, jhulas d., jalana. 

Search, talash, just-o-ju, just, khoj,dhiindh, 
suragh, taftish : — and you shall find, 
joyanda yabanda ; diligent — , kaw-kaw : 
to — , chhanna, gahna, suragh leua, 
khodni k. : — diligently, tajassus k., ta- 
tabbu" k. : — for, talash k., khojna, 
dhiindhna, tatolna, hema, khodna, tona. 

Searcher, khojiya, talashi, mutalashi. 

Searching, {subst.) to'a-to'i, khodni, {for 
a thing lost) tafakkud, 2088. 

Searoom, maidan. Seas, bihar. 

Seashore, sahil, samundar ka kanara. 

Seasick, jahaz ke chalne se matla'i ka bimar 

Season, {of the year) mausim, ritu, rit, fasl, 
{time) wakt, samai, ahd, aiyiim : — for 
cutting rice, dhan-kati : in — and out of 
— , gah-be-gah, wakt-be-wakt : to — , 
masalih dalna, masalih d., dhungarna, 
chhaunkna, bagharna, (a vessel) anwasna, 
{pickles) jhalna. 

Seasonable, mausimi,barwakt,ba-manka'. 

Seasonably, wakt par, bar wakt, ba-gah. 

Seasoned, {adj.) salona, saloni, anwasa. 

Seasoning, (s?«is<.)baghar, masalih,chhonk, 
dhungar. Sea-stock, dabas. 

Seat, asan, baithak, jalsa, gaddi, madar, 
nishast-gah : — of empire, raj-dhani : 
principal or president' s — , shah-nishin, 
shah-iiishin : raised — , machaa : to — , bi- 
thana, baithana, baithalna. Seating, 
{siibst.)i}\siS, baitha'T, {in compos.) nishan. 

Seaward, samundar ki taraf. 

Seawater, ab-i-shor. Secant, karan. 

To Secede, nikalna, baharana, chhutna. 

Secession, i'tizal, phut, inhiraf. 

To Seclude, kinare rakhna, alag i., juda*., 
{exclude) bahar k. , khilrij k. , nikalna. 

Secluded, {adj.) mahjiib. 

Secluding, {subst.) hajb. Seclusion, 
hazr, juda'i, uzlat, khalwat-pishini. 

Second, {adj.) dusra, diija, duwum, doyam, 
sani, diitiya, {subst.) sani, saniya, mu- 
sanna, {supporter) pusht, pushti-ban, ja- 
nib-dar, {of time) dakike ka sathwan 
hissa : — in a song, bazii : — day of a 
lunar fortnight, ditiya, diij : — sight, ilm- 
-i-ghaib, sukhan-i-ghaihi : — sort, {adj.) 
rasmi : — time, {adv.) siiniyan : in the — 
place, diisre : to — , pushti k., madad *., 
sambhiilnii. Secondary, dusra, sani, 
{inferior) kihtar, iiich. Second-hand, 
musta''mal: bought at — , majlt. 

Seconding, {subst.) jiinib-dari. 

Secondly, diisre, saniyan. 



SEE 

SECRECY,raz-darI,parda,hijabi,ikhfa,gurhta. 

Secret, (arf/.) nihanl, poshlda, pinhan, khafi, 

makhfi, maknun, {mbst.) bhed, raz, sirr, 

lag : — keeper, bhedu, bhediya : keeping 

a — , {adj.) parda-posh, {subst.) israr : 

kept — , dili-dil. Secretariship, mun- 

shi-garl, rair-munshi-gari, dlwani. 

Secretary, mTr-munshi, sar-daftar, diwan. 

To Secrete, chhipana, poshlda /r., makhfi k. 

Secretion, rezish, bilga'o, tafrlk. 

Secretly, chhipa-chhipi, poslilda, khufya : 

to do a thing — , parda parda k. 

Secretness, poshidagi, ikhfa, parda-poshl. 

Secrets, asrar : betrayer of — , parda- 

-dar : betraying of — , {mbst.) parda- 

-dari ; keeping — , raz-dari, raz-poshl. 

Sect, firka, guroh, kaum, panth, ummat, 

jat, maz'hab, mashrab : — who think 

good works tmnecessary, murji. 

Sectary, shJ'a, rafizi, khariji, panthT, bid'- 

ati, taraf-dar, sahib-i-i"tizal. 
Section, kat', kit'a, kat'a, kind, khandh, 
{chapter) bab, babat, fasl, adhyaya, {pa- 
ragraph) prakaran. Sector, ilm-i-riyazi 
ke mapne ki ek alat. Sects, umam. 
Secdlar, dunyawi, dunya-dar, dahri. 
SECUNDiNE,SECUNDiNEs,jhilli, jer,kherhi. 
Secure, mahfuz, mamua, musallam, be- 
-khatra. {firm) ustuwar, mazbut : to — , 
bachana, salamat rakhna, mahfuz rakhna, 
{fix) mukarrar A., {imprison) kaid kar 
rakhna, {insure) bima A. 
Security, aman, amani, amn, bacha'o, sa- 
lamatl, {pledge) kafalat, manauti, zamini, 
{bondsman) zamin, hazir-zamin, mutakaf- 
fil, manauti, kafil : — for property or 
money, mal-zamin : taking — , takafful. 
Sedan, palki, chau-pala, chawala : kind of 
— , chau-dol, dola, doll, chandol, bocha, 
nalkl, miyana, maha-dol. 
Sedate, dhir, dhira, gambhir, gambhira, 

dhima, wakr : — person, salilj. 
Sedateness, dhir, dhirl, dhlrata, dhlraj. 
Sedentary, baisandii, sakin, kahil. 
Sediment, talchhat, durd, gad, phok, kit. 
.Sedition, balwa, hangama, fasjid, danga. 
Seditious, litna-angez, mufsid, dangait. 
Seditiousness, fitna-angezl.sar-kashl, 1 93 1 
To Seduce, kutnana, phuslana, kharab k. 
Seducer, phusla'u, jhansu. Seduction, 

ighwa, bhatka'o, badrah-sazi, gum-rahl. 
Sedulous, sa'i, koshishi, sar-garm, chaukas. 
Sedulousness, sa'I, koshish, jidd-o-jahd. 
To See, dekhna, niharna, nazar *., takna: 

— dimly, chundhlana : — to, lihaz k. 
Seed, bij.tukhm, bihan,(s^«-m)nutfa,inam, 

bij, {offspring) aulad, nasi : — burnt at 
marriages, S(c.,is]i&nd : — of Cassia absus, 
chashmak, chaksu : — of mallows, todri : 

— of the cotton tree, binaula : little red 



SEL 

and black — which goldsmiths ttse for 
weights, kunch, ghungchi : to separate — 
from cotton, otna : without — , nir-hlj. 

Seed-bed, Seedplot, bl'ar, bihnaur, 2157- 

Seedless, {as fruit) be-dana. Seedtime, 
bo'a'i, bo'ara, bawag, bone ka wakt. 

Seedy, bij-ar, pur-tukhm, tukhml. 

Seeing, {adj.) nazir, {in compos.) bin, {not 
blind) bina, dithiyara, basir, {subst. sight) 
nazar,drisl!t, bina'i : — that (ad».) jab-ki, 
az-an-ja-ki, is-waste-ki. 

To Seek, dhundhna, khojna, suragh lena. 

Seeker, talashi, talab-gar, talib, joyanda. 

To Seem, sujhna, ma'liim A., dikhla'i d., 
disna, nazar ana, lagna, {dakh.) su.sna. 

Seemingly, zahiran, dekhne men, bahar. 

Seemly, khush-numa, didaru, sundar, zeba. 

Seen, dida, dekha gaya, gochari, lasit : fit 
or worthy to be — , didani : not to be — , 
unfit to be — , na-didani : to be — , disna. 

Seer, {one who sees) bina, {prophet) ghaib- 
-dan. To Seeth, {v. a.) sijhana, usanna, 
{v.n.) sijna. Segment, {cut) kat'a, 
kash, {of a circle) sahm, kaman sa khatt. 

SEiGNioR,sahib,khawind,riim ka shahanshah 

Seine, {large net) maha jal, chatar. 

To Seize, pakarna, kabz k., gahna, hathi- 
yana, girift k., {confiscate) kurk k., zabt 
*., {with facility) 1734. 

Seized, girifta, giriftar, makhuz, makbuz, 
{by fate) ajal-girifta : to be — , kabz h., 
{dakh.) sanparna, {confiscated) zabt h. 

Seizing, {adj.) kabiz, (subst.) kabz, kurk, 
1014, {in compos.) gir, sitan. 

Seizure, pakar, girift, kabziyat, kurk, 931. 

Seldom, kam, thora, shazz, kamtar, nadiran. 

Select, Selected, muntakhab. chinida, 
mukhtar, mustasna, bar-guzida, intikhabi. 

To Select, intikhab k., chunna, chhantna. 

Selecting /rom an army, &fc., chunauti. 

Selection. intikhab,chuna'o,chhant,bachh. 

Self, ap, khud, apan, apas, apna, khwesh, 
zat, nafs, jl : — complacency, khud- 
-pasandi : — complacent, khud-pasand : 

— conceit, khud-parasti, khud-sari, zi- 
yada-sari, man-mauj : — conceited, khud- 
-parast, khud-sar, man-mauji : — denial, 
nafs-kushi : — evident, badihi, atm-nami : 
— formed, ap-rup : — indulgmce, tan- 
-parwari : — interested, khud-gharaz, 
gaun-gir : — murder, atm-ghat : — same, 
ek-hi, wuh-i, yah-i : — praise, Uiud- 
-sita'i, laf : — sufficiency, kbud-parasti : 

— will, khud-kami : — willed, khud-kam. 
SELFisn,khud-gharaz,gharaz-mand,swarthi. 
Selfishly, khud-gharazi se. 
Selfishness, Self-interest, khud-gha- 

razi,gharaz-mandi. jroSELL,()).n.)bikna, 
kbapna, {v. a.) bechna, benchna, bikana, 
bai' i. , farokht k, , kharachna. 



SEN 



2375 



Seller, faroshanda, bechne-wala, ba'i , 
{in compos.) farosh : — of bhang, bhan- 
gera : — of sour milk, dahi-wala. 
Selling, {subst.) farokht, {ailj.) murawwaj. 
Selvage, kinara, anwanth (.>). 
Semblance, 8hakl,bhe8,mushabahat, zuhur. 
Semecarpus anacardium, bhilawaii, bhela. 
Seme>i , mil, {genitale) bij,i i,(B!n7e)dhat,i 1. 
Semi, {in comjMs. )mm, adh, ad, nisf. 
Semicircle, nim-da'ira, adh-ghera, ni?f-i- 
-da'ira. Semidiameter, nim-kutr, nisf- 
-i-kutr. Seminal, tukhmi, asli. 
Seminary, madrasa, ta lim-khana, maktab. 
Semi-vitrified in'c*s, khangar. 
Sempiternal, sarmad, da'imi, anant. 
Senate, giirmata, majlis-i-kubra, ijraa , 
Senator, ahl-i-majUs-i-kubra, majlisi. 
ToSend, bhejna, irsal A.,pathana,rawana*..- 
— and tell, kahla bhejna ; — for, bula 
bhejna, manga bhejna. 
Sending, {subst .)iisa,l, tarsil : — for, talab. 
Seneschal, mir-bakawal, mir-saraan. 
Senior, bara, kabir, kalan : a — , buzurg.pir. 
Seniority, buzurgi, kadamat, bara'I, kalani. 
Senna, sana, sana-makki : — italica, sana. 
Sensation, sudh, ausan, chet, hiss, Jan. 
Sense, {perception) hiss, sudh, chet, {intel- 
. led) akl, fahm, idrak, {meaning) ma'nl, 
mazmun, arth, {knowledge) wukuf, gyan, 
khabar : a — , {one of the five senses) 
mash'ar or mish'ar : common — , hiss-i- 
-mushtarak : external — , liiss-i-zahiri : 
internal — , hiss-i-batini. 
Senseless, be-khud, be-sudh, be-hosh, be- 
-hiss, sun, {stupid) a-chet, be-wukiif, na- 
-dau, {absurd) behuda, be-ma"ni. 
Senselessly, be-wukufi se, be-ghairat. 
Senselessness, bad-hawiissi, be-khudi. 
Senses, ^t;e Senses, liawass-i-khamsa : m 
— , hush-yar: out of otte's — , hawass- 
-bakhta, be-hawass, a-chet, {dakh.) khaf- 
ta : possessed of the five — , liassas. 
Sensibility, tunuk-hawassi,nazuki,ghairat. 
Sensible, {perceptible) kabil-i-hiss, mah- 

sQs, {intelligent) wakif, alim, dana. 
Sensitive, zi-hiss, hawass-dar, zud-hiss : a 

species of — plant, lajali, riithni. 
Sensual, shahwati, yar-bash, nafsani. 
Sensual pleasure, hazz-i-nafsani. 
Sensualist, shahwat-parast, rasiya. 
Sensuality, shahwat, nafsanlyat, hawa o 
hawas. Sensually, Bhahwat-parasti se, 
nafsaniyat se. 
Sent, bheja, pathaya, firistada, mursal. 
Sentence, {judicial) fatwa, hukm, tejwiz, 
{in gram.) jumla, {proverb) zarbu-1-masal. 
To Sentence, pass — , tajwiz A., hukm *. 
Sententious, kalilu-1-lafz kasiru-1-mani. 
Sentiment, ni'e, fikr, zann, khiyal, bha'o : 
— or emotion as an object of poetry, ifc, 



2376 



SER 



ras. Sentinel, Sentry, pasban, pahri- 
ya, chaukl-dar. 

Separate, juda, alag, alahida, tafawut, mu- 
tafarrik : to — , (r. n.) bichhurna, bilag- 
na, phutna, uchcharna, juda h., (v. a.) 
bichhurana, bilgana, tafiika i., juda i. 

Separated, mafruk, mahjur, munfakk : to 
be — , phutna, tiit rahna, chhantna. 

Separatelt, juda-juda,alag-alag,jias-wari. 

Separating, {mbst.) fasila. 

Separation, bichharat, fark, firak, juda'i, 
tafi-ika, bilag, {of lovers) birah, biyog. 

Sepia officinalis, samudr-phen. 

September-October, asiu, ku'ar. 

Septical, gala'u, sara'u. 

Septuple, sat-parta, sat-guna, haft-taha. 

Sepulchral, turbati, dafnJ. 

Sepulchre, gor, kabr, tnakbara, turbat. 

Sepulture, takfin, dafn, taj'hiz. 

Sequel, zail, akhir, akibat, [remit) natlja. 

To Sequester, Sequestrate, alag rakhna, 
{alienate) kurk k. : warrant to — a pro- 
pert;/, kurki parwana. 

Sequestration, chhenka'o, zabti. 

Seraglio, haram, ranwas, zanana, 1862. 

Seraph, israfil. Seraphic, israfil-I, tahir. 

ffznrf 0/ Serenade, S^c, roshan chauki. 

Serene, nurani, saf, shaffaf, {calm) sakin. 

Sereneness, Serenity, nurani, safa'I. 

Sergeant, daf a-diir, hawal-dar, {at law) 
adalat ka wakll. 

Series, silsila, saff, sar-rishta, lagatarl. 

Serious, gambhira, dhira, mutafakkir {in 
earnest) sachcha, {weighty) bara, bharl. 

Seriously, gambhira'i se, sach,fi-l-hakikat. 

Seriousness, dhirata, soch, {solemnity) 
sanjidagi. Sermon, wa'z, naslliat, khutba. 

Serpent, samp, nag, bhujang, sarp, mar. 

Serpentine, pech-dar, pechlla: — twist- 
ing and winding, mar-pech. Chief of 
Serpents, basak, basuki: king of — ,sesh. 

Serratula anthelmintica, bakchT, somraj. 

Servant, naukar, chakar, khidmat-gar, 
khadim, mulazim, sewak, tahlu'a, nafar: 
— bog, gurga, gurjl : — girl, kanlzak, 
{dakh.) khidmat-giirni : confidential — , 
khassa, miikarrabu-I-khidmat : — whose 
business it is to proclaim the titles of his 
master, and to introduce, &-c., naklb. 

Servants, anfar.bandagan, khuddam, 179B. 

To Serve, khidmat i., naukari *., mula- 
lamat*., {supply) denfi, pahunchana, {aid) 
madad i., {amncer) banna, tlilk ana, kam 
ana, {stand instead of) "waz A., badal h., 
{treat) suluk k. : — vp dinner, S^c, pa- 
rosna. Served, makbdi'im. 

Service, naukari, chakarl, tahal, bandagi, 
sfwa, khidmat, {advantage) fa'jda, naf", 
{attendance) mulazamat, rafakat, {busi- 
ness) kam, kaj, kar, (worship)'bidat, puja. 



SEV 

Serviceable, (useful) mufid, kam ka, 
sud-mand, {active) chust-chalak, mihnatl. 

Servile, paji, chaplus, khaya-bardar. 

Servilely, ghulamana,pajiyana,chapluslse. 

Servileness, Servility, pajl-pana, chap- 
lusl, ghulaml. Servitude, ghulami, 
chakriya, halka-ba-goshi. 

Serum, manj, panT, zard-ab. 

Sesame, Sesamum, til, simsim, kunjud. 

Sesamum orientate, til. 

Session, baithak, julus, ijlas, wakt-i-ijlas. 

Set, {subst. assemblage) mel, jor, ganj, {of 
people) ta'ifa, jatha, guroh, {for planting) 
kalam, {adj. as a jewel) khachit, khacha : 

— up, istada : — with jewels, jatit, ja- 
ra'u : — of teeth, battisi. 

To Set, {v. n. cohere) jamna, {sink) dubna, 
{as the sun, moon, ifc.) ast h., ghuriib h., 
{as a dog) dabakna, {off, depart) sidhiir- 
na, {v. a. cause to sit, place) bithana, 
bithlana, baithalna, rakhna, dharna, dena, 
dalna, {abone, ^c.)jorna : — agoing, jaxi 
k. , chalana, rachana, rawau k. : — down, 
{note dotvn) likh lenii, darj k. , {estimate) 
ginna, shumar k. : — forward, barhana : 

— in order, saintna, tartib d. : — , {jewels) 
jarna : — off, {a horse, i(c.) phenkna, 
{adorn) sanwarna : — on, {instigate) hul- 
karna, lalkana, {as a dog) chhuchkarna: 

— on fire, ag lagana, phunkna : — (plant) 
rompna, baithalna : — up, utha bithana. 

To be Set at liberty, khalas h. : — to rights, 
rast ana. Seton, gul, nath. 

Settee, ek taur kl chaukT, bank, manch. 

Setter, baitha'ii : — of jewels, jariya. 

Setting about any thing, chalachal : mn 
— , zawal, ast, ghurub : — out, ru-ba- 
-rah : price of — jetcels, jara'i. 

To Settle, {v. n. dwelt) basna, tikna, rah- 
na, (subside) thirana, tah-nishin h. : — in 
life, ghar *., {v. a. cause to dwell) basana, 
{people) abad i., (fix) mukarrar k., bai- 
thalna, thahrana : — an account, raf" k. 

SETTLED,maukuf,iBthir,thir, sabit, (adjusted) 
kursT-nishTn,murattab,ma"hud,(jw4side(Z) 
utra, (as dregs) nithara : of a — temper, 
ka'im-mizaj. 

Settlement, (fixing) thahra'o, baitha'o, 
(deciding) infi?al, nistok, band-o-bast, (co- 
lony) basti, baser, (ttiW/Zm deed) kabiiliyat: 
marriage — , kabin. 

Settler, basi, baseru, khiish-biish. 

Settling, (of a dispute, 4-c.)chakautii,dena- 
-pana, (sediment) durd, giid, talchhat. 

Seven, sat, haft, snpt, sab' : composedof — , 
musabba" : — (in cards) satta : the — re- 
gion*, haft-kishwar : command or com- 
mander of — thousand, haft-hazari : of — 
divisions or stories, (a house, (^c.)sat.khan. 

Sevenfold, sat-guna, sat-lara, haft-tah. 



SHA 

Seventeen, satrah. 
Seventeenth, satrahwau. 
Seventh, satwari, saptama, haftum : — day 
of the lunar fortnight, saptami, satwin, 
satmi : child bom in the — month, sat- 
wansa : — part, satwati hissa, sub*. 
Seventy, sattar, haftad : — one, ik-hattar, 
(dakh.) yak-hattar: — tico, ba-hattar : — 
three,t\-ha.ttaT,{dakh.) tir-hattar: — four, 
chau-hattar : — five, pach-hattar : — six, 
chhi-hattar : — seven, sat-hattar : — eight, 
ath-hattar : — nine,un-asi,{dakh.)um'asi. 
To Sever, chir d., kat d., katna, juda k. 
Several, (separate) mutafarrik, (many, 

some) ba'ze, ka'i, kitne, chand. 
Severally, juda-juda, ek-ek, bhinn-bhinn. 
Severe, tund, kathor,sakht, shakk, durusht. 
Severely, sakhti se, shiddat se, durushti se. 
Severity, durushti, sakhti. kahr, shiddat. 
To Sew, sina, dokht *. : to cause to — , 1 303. 
Sewer, {a drain) ba-dar-rau, nala, (officer) 

bakawal, (one who sews) sine-wala, siiji. 
Sewing, (subst.) sila'i, dokht, (part, in 
compos.) doz. Sex, jins, zat, jat, ling, 
(female) alam nisa. 
Sexagenary, sathiyaha. Sexennial, 
shash-sala. Sexangdlar, mnsaddas, 
shash-gosha, chhakoniya. 
Sextain, musaddas. 

Sextant, suds, chhatwan ans da'ire ka: ekala 
Sextile aspect of the s/ors,tasdis. Sexton, 

girje ka ek uhda-dar, khadim-i-dargah. 
Sextuple, chhalara, chhaguna, shash-tah. 
Shabby, pajora,gudar-posh, paji, malamati. 
To Shackle, zanjir dalna, pa'e-karebhama. 
Shackles, berl, band, kaid, kari, zanjir. 
Shaddock, cbakotara. 

Shade, chhaiiw, chha'on, chhaya, saya, 
chhaiya, {shelter)p!inah, ot, asra: — for a 
candle, &fc., fanus, kumkuma, kandil : to 
— , chhana, saya d., saya rakhna, ot k. 
Shadiness, chhanha'I, saya-darl. 
Shading, {adj.) saya-gustar. 
Shadow, parchha'Iii, chhaiya, saya, zill, 
jha'in, chhanwa, (refected image) aks, 
(protection) paniih, saya : may his — or 
power be extended, madda zillu-hu : to — , 
chhana, siiya dalna, tarlk *. 
Shady, saya-dar, saya-gustar, chhaii-hara. 
Shaft, (jOo/c)chhar,(o/a carriage) phar, (of 
an arrow)sa.u,{of a colttmn) 8itiin,th!imbh, 
(of a mine) khankhar, (of a well) kothi. 
Shag, ek taur ka pashmi kaprii. 
Shaggy, jhabbu'S, ashufta-mu, pashmin. 
Shagreen, kimukht. 

Shake, jumbish, jhatak, jhatka, tharthari, 
(iH mttsic) lahra,tarana,gitkari : violent — 
in music, gamak : to — , (v. n. tremble) 
kampna, tharthariina, laraznii, taltalana, 
dagdaganri,dignfi,(»iOM)hilna,dolna,(i'.o.) 



SHA 

kampana, larzana, {imise) jliatkana, {make 
move) hilana, dulilna : to — , as the branch 
of a <>■««, damdam ana : to — o#,jarna: to 

— one's head with violence, jhonta d. : to 

— with cold, siharna. 
Shaken, {adj.) mutazalzal. 

Shaking, {stibst. trembling) thartharahat, 
thartharl, ra'sha, larza, hala-dola, {adj.) 
chapal, lol, {in compos.) jumban : — hands, 
{subst.) musafaha. Shalloon, suf. 

Shallop, thakthawwa, panso'i. 

Shallow, (no/ rfepp)uttan,uthla, clihiclihla, 
kam-fimik, {silly) kam-liausila, ocbha, 
{subst.) char, retal, reti. 

Shallowness, chhiclihlfi'T, utlilfi'i, pfiyabi, 
{silliness) ochba'i, kam-fahml. 

Shalot, ek kisra kl chhotT piyaz. 

Sham, (s!<4s^)mis,banivwat,bahana, nakhra, 
pekhna, {adj.) nakli, jhutha, amall: to — , 
k5wa d. , banana, pekhna dikhlana. 

Sh ambles, kannara.maslakh.kassab-khana. 

Shame, laj, sharm, kbajlat. pashemanl, haya, 
hijab, infi'fil, kan, sharmandagi, sankoch, 
lajja, {disgrace)aT , nang -for — / uf : to be 
put to — , khaflf A. ; to feel — , sharmana: 
to put to — , pani se patla k. , zak d. : to 
— , lajwana, hijab t., katna, sharmanda i. 

Shamefaced, muuh-chor, hadiyaha,sharra- 
-ru. Shameful, fahish, kabih, ma'yub. 

Shameless, be-haya, be-laj, be-sharm, 
nanga, nir-lajj : — woman, ghaibanl. 

Shamelessly, behijabilna, be-ghairati se. 

8ii \-:v \:~^\\ -~.lir-haya-I,be-sharmi,2083. 

SiiM! M ••'' 'i. To Shampoo, chfimpna. 

Sn \M., -lii I :if. jiliillT, sak, {of a <oo/) dandl. 

Shanker, tSnkl, chat. 

Shape, shakl,surat,daul, kat", tarash: to — , 
shakl bandhna, banana, garhna. 

Shapeless, be-claul,be-saj,(!(r/?y)bad-shakl. 

Shard, thikra, thikri, thikrl, sikta, sifal. 

Share, bant, b.anta, hissa, ans, bakhra, {of a 
^to!(y/()phal,tora: to — , bantna, taksimi., 
bantlena, bant d., {be a partner) sharik h. 

Sharer, hissa-dar, bhagi, bakhrait, kasina. 

Sharing, {subst.) taksim, hissa-darl. 

Shark, nihang, grab, hangar, naka. 

Sharp, tez, chokha, ab-dar, burran, {acid) 
tursh, khatta, {piercing) katlla, {quick) 
chaukas, chfdak, {severe)kara., tund, {shrill) 
bank, sucliham : — edged, dam-dar : — 
^oJn<C(Z,sar-tez,nokna,anI-dar: — sighted, 
tez-nigah,tez-nazar : — v?sffye/?,painamunh 

To Sharpen, bar d., painiina, te'ona, tez k. 

Sharper, chaungl-baz, uchakka, nat-khat. 

Sharping, chaungl-bazJ. 

Sharpness, tezi, chokha'T, ab-dari, burrish. 

SiiASTR or Shastra, shastr, kalpa. 

To Shatter, chakna-chur k., chur k., 
kam-zor k. 

Shatters, chur, chur-chur, tvikra-tukra. 



SHE 

To Shave, nu'inilna.hajamat banan.u: — the 
beard, rish banana, darhl mundna, 988. 

Shaved, Shaven, mundla, munda, miiiirl.'i. 

Shaver, hajjam, na'I, {boy) chhokra. 

Shaving of the head or beard, mundan, 
hajrimat,(sKce)tarasha : first — of a child, 
mundan. SHAViNGS.tukra-purza.khaahak. 

Shawl, shal : — twisted round the head, 
jhurmat : made of — , shali : — cloths, 
shal-bab : — weaver, shal-baf: pair of 
Shawls, too Sh AWLS, do-shala,du-shala. 

She, wuh, wah, yih, us-ne, is-ne, {a female) 
mada. Sheaf, gaira, pula, antl, dasta. 

To Shear, katarna, mikraz A.,katna. 

Shears, mikraz, kainchi, katarni, 1936. 

Sheath, ghilaf, khol, dohar, galta, niyam, 
khol: to — , or, to Sheathe, ghilaf i. 

Shed,(smJs<.) chaubara, usara, mandwa, pal. 

To Shed, {v.a.) dalna, jharna, dhalna, {v.n.) 
girna, jharna; — blood, Miun-rezI k. : — 
tears, panl jana, ashk-afshan h. 

Shedder, {in compos. )rez : — of blood, safiak. 

Shedding, {in compos, adj.) afshan, fishan, 
(s!«J«<.) afshiini, fishani : — blood, {adj.) 
khiin-fishan : — tears, {adj.) ashk-afshan : 
— of blood, khan-afshani, khun-rezl. 

Sheep, bher, gospand, gadar, mesh, {dakh.) 
bakri : — cot, — fold, bher-sala, bher- 
-sar: — eyed,{adj .)rae^-chashra : — with 
a thick tail, dumba -.flock of — , lendha. 

Sheepish, munh-chor, nimana, hadiyaha. 

Sheepishness, munh-chorl, hadiyrdiat. 

SHEEPSHEARiNG,bheron ki pashm katne ka 
wakt, un dinon men jo da'wat hoti hai. 

Sheep's-eye, hijab -chashml. 

Sheep-walk, bheroiike charne kl jagah. 

Sheer, saf, nira, sachcha, be-laga'o : to — 
off, satakna, khisaknii. 

Sheet, chadar, chaddar, paUa, orhna; — ■ of 
paper, ta'o, takhta, fard: — , {of a sail) 
daman, daman: — used among jogts, 
anchla : double — , dohar. 

Sheet-anchor, bara langar, {Roeb.) sheet- 
-nangar, akbatl langar. 

Shelf, tak, tabaka : to be laid on the — , tak 
par h. : to lay on the — ,tak par rakhna. 

Shell, (Ai(«i)post,chhilka, bakla, kishr, {of 
a turtle) khopri, {bomb) ghubara, {offish, 
8fc.) slpi, sip, sankh, sadaf, kaurii, {of a 
AoMre)thatthar,thathrI,(a«e(?aseom)kaurI. 

Shelter, panah,ot, ar, saya, iisra, saran : to 
take — , saya tale ana, panah lena : to — , 
otna, arna, thamna, panah d., saya d. 

Shelving, {adj.) dhalu, dhalwan, nisheb. 

Shepherd, bheri-hara,galla-ban, gadariya, 
garariya, chak, pasban, shuban. 

Shepherdess, bherl-hSrin, gopi, ahiri. 

Sherbet, sharbat, ab-i-ashrat. 

Sheriff, hakim-i-eksfda, nazir, hakim. 

Sherry, ek kism kl sharab. 
8 P 



SHO 



2377 



SniELD,dhrd,sipar,girda,phalI,pharI,p}iarak, 
oran : to — , thamna, sanibhalna, panah rf. 

Shift, {expedient) bila.hikmat, tadbir, tal, 
fikr, {garment) pairahan, kamis : to — , 
{change) phirana, phema, badalna, {move) 
sarakna,talna, (rcmo»e)utha rakhna, talna, 
sarkana: — goods, ij'c., occasionally over 
shallows, dhalG bhar i. 

Shilling, ck taur ka rupiya. 

Shill-I-shall-I, aga-picbha, pas-o-pcsh, 
shash-o-panj : to stand — , agri-plchha t. 

Shin, Shin-bone, philli ki haddl, nail. 

To Shine, chamakna, jhalakna, jagmagana. 

Shiness, bharak, kaniyahat, hadiyahat. 

Shingles, (<?isca4'c)kachh-dad, {thin boards, 
ifc.) lakrl kl patri. 

Shining, {subst.) udot, bikas, dapdapahat, 
darakhshandagi, {adj.) — , Shiny-, munlr, 
tab-nak, tabanda, ujjal, lami', roshan. 

SHip,jahaz,kashtI,na'o,taniI,markab,saf:na, 
{affix) pan, pana, garl, T, a'i : — board, 
jahaz par: — building, sifanat: — master, 
na-khuda. kashtl-ban : — worm, ponka : 
— wreck, jahaz-shikani, ghark-i-jahaz, 
na'o-tor : — Wright, jahaz-saz, kashti 
banane-wala : part of a — , shiri : to — , 
jahaz par charhana, jahaz men bhania. 

Shipping, bahr, jahaz. Shire, ehakl;"i. 

Shirt, kamis, kurta, kurta, pairahan, 824. 

To Shiver, siharna, thartharana, kampua, 
kapna,(s*(2/<CT-)chakna-chiir*., tor dalna. 

Shivered inpieces, pash-pash. 

Shivering, {subst.) larzish, larza, tharthari. 

SHOAL,(crotti(i)ghol,jhund,(s^aHou')char,reti 

Shock, sadma, hachka : to- — .dhakkamama, 
dhakka lagna, {disgust) mutanaffir k. 

SuocKniG, {frightful) wahshat-angez, {dis- 
gusting)nd.{rat-axtgez, [disgraceful) shani". 

Shoe, juta, juti, kafsh, na*l, pa-posh, {of a 
horSe) na'I : old — , latar, latr! : wooden 
— , {dakh.) kharawan : to — , na 1 lagana, 
na'l-bandi k. , {with iron) shami lagana. 

Shoe-horn, juta pahinane ka sing. 

Shoe-maker, kafsh-gar, kafsh-doz, mochT. 

Shoes, charan : — with wooden soles, n3.'\d.m : 
giving a horse new — , chau-bandl: remove 
of a horse's — , khol-bandi : 07ie who sells 
— , charmina-farosh : pair of — , jora. 

Shoot, konpal, karil, pallav, ankur, nihal, 
kail : to — , {grow) panapna, chhutna, 
phabakna, kaliyana, upajna, {flre off) 
chhorna, chalana, dalna, phenkna, bahna, 
{kill) mama, goli mama, {jut out) nikal 
parna, phutna, {as pain) thanakna, tisna, 
tis marna, 892,895,1099: to — aball{at), 
goll mama : to — an arrow, tir chalana, 
chalana. Shooter, {in compos.) andaz. 

Shooting, (skSs^) saiyadi, {growing) nasho. 

Shop, dukan, dukan, hat. 

Shopkeeper, dukan-diir, diikani, baniya, 



237S 



SHO 



modI,bakkal,sah. SHOPKEEPiNG,dukan- 
-darl, dukani. Shoplifter, dukan-chor. 

Shopman, dukandar ka naukar. 

Shore, kanara, karan, lab, nawah, that, tir, 
tat, {prop) pushta, pushtl, {sewer) badar- 
-rau, mori, nabdan. 

Shorea rohusta, sal, sankho, shal. 

Shoreless, be-karan, a-par. 

Shorn, katra, tarasha. 

SHORT,kotah,kokinI,thengna,tlmmka,nata, 
{scanty) kam, kalll, tang, {brittle) nazuk, 
barik : — and fat, {jierson) gach-gina: in 
— , al-gtaraz, al-kissa, hasil-i-kalam, 
gbaraz, kissa kotah, 1500, 1264: to fall 
— , {not to reach) ware girna. 

To Shorten, kotah i., ghatana, chhota Ic. 

Short-hand, mukhtasar-nawlsl, hui-uf-i- 
-ishara ya muklitasar se liklma. 

Short-handed, kotah-dast. 

Shortlived, kam-zist, kaUlu-l-hayat. 

Shortly, ankarlb, ko'I dam men, jald, thore 
dinonmeii. Short-necked, kotah-gardan 

Shortness, kotahi, chhota'i : — of breath, 
zlku-n-nafas. 

Shortsighted, kotah-bin, kotah-nazar, 
laghu-dlth, {indiscreet) kotah-andesh. 

Shortsightedness, kotah-bml, kotah- 
-nazri, {indiscretion) kotah-andeshl. 

Shortwinded, hamphail. 

Shot, gola, goll, {discharge) chut, zarb : — 
forth, {a plant)daTaid3L: small — , chharra. 

Shove, pel, dhakel, rela, dhakka, dhakel, 
thes: — in swinffitig, jhonk : to — , pelna, 
pel mama, thelna, dhakelna, dhakelna, 
relna, dhakka d., {a swing) jhulana, {out 
of the wag) khaskana. 

Shovel, bel, belcha, hattha, khodni, 1651 . 

Shoving, {subst.) takkar: — and jostling, 
dbakkam-dhakka : — and shouldering, 
thela-theli. 

SuocLD, {if) ahyanan, dar surat, kadachit. 

Shoulder, kandha, dosh, shana, mondha, 
maur, morha, skandh : to — , kandhe par 
rakhna,kandhiyana, {shove)hijhoa, thelna, 
{join) bhirna. Shoulderdelt, partala. 

SuouLDERBLADES, katif, kitf. 

Shouldering, (subst.) takkar. 

Shoulder's load, doshina. 

Shout, pukar, na'ra, saut, harra, walwala : 
to — , terna, pukarna, jai-jai-kar k., 1600. 

Shouting, {adj.) na'ra-zan, na'ra-kash, 
{subst.) na'ra-zani. 

Show, {speclacle)tamasha,<i\d, kaxitnk, {ap- 
pearance) dikhla'i, namud, numa'jsh, 
(jp/endour) sobha, raunak , bharak , (7>/a«»i- 
Ai7<7y)i5ahir-numa'i -.place of — ,tamasha. 
-gah : to — , dikhana, dikhlana, {explain) 
batana, batliina, samjhana, {prove) dalalat 
Ic., sabit *., {pretend) zahir *. 

SuowEB, jhakora, jhlsl, jhapas, jbafi : heavg 



SIC 

— , jhamaka, daungra ; to — , (wet) tar i., 
{scatter) jharna, dalna, {down) barsana. 

Showiness, rangini, bbarak, raunak. 

Showing, {in compos.) numa, numa'i. 

Shown, (adj.) namud. Showy, ranglla, 
rangin, bharklla, rang-dar, taraka. 

Shred, darz, waslcha, tarasha, piircha, 
dhajjl : to — , tarashna, katarna. 

Shredded, {adj.) mukarraz. 

Shrew, chirchiri aurat, karkasa, dakinl. 

Shrewd, chatur, chatura, pukhta. aiyara, 
zirak, siyana, garha, barif. 

Shrewdness, hoshyarl, syan, syan-pan. 

SHRiEK,chIkh,chinghar, saut : to — , chillana, 
cbilchilana, chikhna, kikiyana, 941. 

Shrieking, {subst.) kilkarl. 

Shrike, bulbul, bhujanga, bhring-raj. 

Shrill, tez, barIk, mihln, suchham. 

Shrillness, awaz kl barlki, tez-awazl. 

Shrimp, jhinga, chingra. 

Shrine, dargah, mazar. 

To Shrink, bharakna, thathakna, digna, 
hadiyana, hichakna, hatna, {be contracted) 
sukarna, sakorna, simatna : — from, 
usarna, pith d., talna : — with shame, 
thora thora h. : to cause to — , sametna. 

Shrinking, (*wisi.)sakuch,sankochan, 1398. 

7'oSHRivEL,(».ra.)sukarna, sakorna, sakelna, 
sukhna, simatna,(v. a.)pichkana, sametna. 

Shroud, kafan : — stealer, kafan-chor : to 
— , kafnana, takfin k. Shrouds, jahaz 
ke mastul ke rasse jin se mastul ka'im 
rabe aur pal charhe, {Roeb.) labran. 

Shrub, jhar, jharl, buta : young flowering 
— , paneri. Shrug, khis, shana-kashi : 
to — up the shoulders, kandha hilana. 

To Shudder, havharana, thartharana. 

Shuffle, Shuffling, tal-tol, tal-matol, 
chakar-makar : to — , {trick) fitrat larana, 
talna, tal-matol k. , {cards) ganjifa baham 
marna, {in gait) latpatata cbalna, (up) 
chhop-chhap k. 

Shuffler, tal-matoliya, muljil, tal-baz. 

To Shun, dur bhagna, baz rahna, inhiraf k. 

SHUT,((jrf;'.) basta, band, sar-basta, masdud : 
to — , {v.a.) bandhna, bandi., bandhana, 
bherna, mundna, {v.n.) to be — , michna, 
mundna, dhukna, band h. : to — out, ne- 
warna,bahar k. : to — up, {a «Ao/;)barhana. 

Shutter, chilwan, chilwaii, jhilmil, kapat, 
chik,khirki : — of a rfoor,palla,pat,kewar : 
matted — , jhamp, tatti, tatiya, tattar. 

Shutting up a road, nake-bandl : — up all 
the shops in a market, Sfc, hat-tal. 

Shuttle, nari, nail, nal. 

Shy, bharkel, {bashful) maIjjub,muuh-chor. 

To Sibilate, Buskamii. 

SicK,bImar,rogi,azari, mariz, manda,kahil, 
kasal.mand,(di«^u»<e(/) bezar, mutanaffir : 
— at Acar<,khasta-dU : to be — at stomach, 



SIG 

matlanu (jl kfi), malakna. To Sicken, 
{v. n.) become Sick, bimar h., marl? ho- 
-jana, (ti.a.) bImar k., {disgust) na.[rsil k. 

Sickle, hansu'a,daranti,diU,parsiya,kachiya. 

Sickly, bimarana, dard-angez, sitha, rogi. 

Sickness, bimari, rog, azar, maraz, kahil-I : 
— at stomach, ok, hik, { from pregnancy) 
aru'i, aruchi. 

Sida rhombifolia,rhomboidea,and cordifolia, 
bala: — ^opu/i/bKa, ((/aiA.)kango'ika jhar 

Side, (s!(fo<.)pahlu, panjar, janib, jamb, bazu, 
(ma»-^m) kinara, {party) pakh, pachh, zat, 
{quarter) taraf, su, or, rukh, dig, dis : — of 
a ie(?s<ea(?,bazu,patl,patti : at the — , pas: 
on every — , chahiin or, bar taraf, bar su : 

on one — ,yak-su : on that or the othei , 

us or, {dakh.) palliwar : on this — , war, 
waria, (ffa^A.)ailar,ailiwar : side by — , su- 
-ba-su : turning from — to — , {subst.) 
karwat : to — with, palle par kisi ke ana, 
ruju" lana : to go on one — , {avoid, dodge) 
kaniyana : — -, {adj. lateral) baghli, pan- 
jariyahl, {indirect) isharati, thattha-amez. 

Sides, atraf,aknaf,jawanib: on all — , chahun 
or, cbaron or, chau-gird, as-pas, {dakh.) 
azu-bazu, chau-ras,chau-kudhan: onboth 
— , do-tarfi,do-rasta, {of a 7'iver) paxawar, 
parwar,warapar,warpar: that which is (he 
same on both — , do-rukha. 

Sideways, SiDELONG,katra'I,karwat,pahlu- 
-par : to go — , katrana : to strike — , 
kamar marna. 

Siege, mnljasara, ghera, hisar, gird-awarl, 
{dakh.) bera : to lay a — , ghera dalna. 

Sieve, chalni, chhalnT, pezna, akha, ghirbal. 

To Sift, cbalna, chhanna, dhuriyana, {ex- 
amine) imtihiin k., chhanna. 

Sifter, chalan-har, {in compos.) pez, bez. 

SiGH,ah,daregh, sans, ha'e: a deep —, ah-i- 
-sard: to — ,ahmarna,ahbharna,ha'emarna 

Sight, {vision) nazar, nigah, baslrat, bina'i, 
didar, drislit, {spectacle) tamasha, manzar, 
did, {of a gun) makkhi, did-ban : in — , 
madd-i-nazar, madd-i-nigah : payable at 
— , {a bill of exchange) darsani ; stretch of 
— , madd-i-nigah, madd-i-nazar : the 
being within — , dekha-dekhi. 

Sighted, {incompos.) bin, nazar, nigah. 

Sightless, (4/in(i)na-bina,(Mj/y)bad.numii. 

Sightliness, khush-numa'i, khush-nazarl. 

Sightly, dars;inT, klmsli-manzar, namudar. 

Sign, {marl) ni^lilu. ni^hfinl, "dam, alamat, 

ima.sain.siuikru.u/M/iHu/ikliatl.dast-khatt. 

{miracle)c\\e\.a\,{of the zodiac) burj (plur. 

buruj), ras: to-^, dast khatt k., ?ahil.i A. 
To make SiGS or Sigh Ah, ishara*., 1327. 
Signal, {subst.) ishara, nishan, jana'o, sain, 

{adj.) "ijlb, mash'hur, narai, nadir. 
To Signalise, namwar *., mash'hur *. 



SIM 

Signally, nam-uwarl se, mash'hurl sc. 

Signature, dast-khatt, likliiiwat, cliinh. 

Signed, makhtum, mukaiyad, mausum. 

SiGNET.mudra.muhr, khatim. muhr-i-shahl. 

SiGNiFicANCB,ma'nI,dalalat,(/orce)mazbuti 

Significant, dall,jana'u, (important)hhan. 

Signification, ma'ni,arth,dalalat,mazmun. 

7'oSiGNiFY,batlana,bujhana,ma'nI rakhna. 

Signing an affreement,(sulisL)ka.\^m-haudi. 

A Sikh, sikh, nanak-panthl. 

Founder of the sect of Sikhs, nanak. 

Silence, khamoshi, ehupkl, sukut, maun, 
(interj.) chup ! khamosh ! keeping — , 
(sulist.) dam-zani : to depart in — , sunt 
mare j. ; to — , munh mama, munh sina, 
jibh pakarna : to keep — , chupchupana. 

Silenced, (confuted) la-jawab. 

Silencing, (subst.) iskat. 

SiLENT,khamosh,khamosh.chup.chup-ehap. 
la-zaban, sakit : to be — , dam khainchna, 
sunt marna, kan na-hilana : to remain 
— ,dam kha^'.,masht marna,maun sadhna. 

Silently, chup-chap, hupahap, chup hoke. 

SiLiauA, {particularly of the rarf«//)sengrl. 

SiLK,abresham,resham,pat: — cloth or stuff, 
reshml kapra, che'oli, liailr : — worked 
with gold and silver flowers, kam-khwab. 

Silken, reshmi, pati, Ijarirl. 

SiLKWORM,kirm-i-pela,resham ka kira,46i. 

Sill, {foot of a door-case) dihll, lat-khora. 

Silliness, anar-pan, ablahi, bhola-pan. 

Silly, {siinple)h\io\a., sada,bhond^,(^(;^7tos) 
na-diin, anari, (/oo&A) kachchii, be-wukuf. 

Silver, rupa, sIm, chandl, nukra, {adj.) of 
— , Silvered, rupahla, rupahra, siml, 
nukra'i : — aje.treta: — bodied, sim-tan, 
sim-badan: — bosomed,sim-ha.r : — cloth, 
badan,lappa : — Mrra(?,badla,kalabattun: 
killed or calcined — , rup-ras. 

Silversmith, sonar, zar-gar. 

Silvery, simi, chandiha. 

SiLURUs, tengra, tengri : — boalis, wodal : 
— petorius, maguri : — pungentissimus, 
singi : — sagittatus, pangas, tengra (?). 

Similar, ek-san, mutasawi, barabar, 147. 

Similarity, barabari, tatabuk, shababat. 

Simile, tashbih, misal, masal, tamsil, 25. 

Similitude, tamsH,tashabbuh,mushabahat, 
misal : adverb of — , harf-i-tashbib : by 
way of ■ — , tamsilan. 

To SiMMER,ahiste sijna ya josh khana, bha- 
bbaknii, 932,1649: to leave to — , dam d. 

Simper, muskurahat : to — , muskurana. 

Simple, {single, unmingled) mufrad, nirala, 
thali, basit, nira, {plain) rukha, {artless) 
bhola, bhora, bhondu, sada, sada-laulj : — 
woman, bodli. 

Simples, mufradat, jarl-buti. 

Simpleton, anari, sada-lauh,balid,murakh. 

Simplicity, {singleness) fardiyat,nira'i, {art- 



SIR 

lesstiess) sadagi, sidha'i, {silliness) libola- 
-pan, biiiifikat, ablahi. 

Simply, be-sakhtagi se, {merely) fakat, ?irf. 

SiMULATioN,zamana-sazi,3akhtagT.banawat. 

Simultaneous, hara-kar, ham-ahd (?). 

Sin, pap, gunah, jurm, aib, fisk, ma"§iyat: 
original — , suwaida, suwaida'u-1-kalb. 

To SiN,gunah*.,pap*. Sinai, (»io«»<)!."''- 

Sinapis dichotoma, sarsoh: — ramosa, ra'i. 

Since, {from the time when) jab se, se, {ago) 
age, {because that) is-waste ki, zira-ki, 
chun-ki,hal-anki: — wAcn/kab-ka,kab se. 

Sincere, {pure) saf, saf-dil, mukhlis, {true, 
honest) rast, rast-baz, sachcha, wafa-dar. 

Sincerely, mukhlisana, safu'i se,sacba'i se. 

SiNCERENESs,SiNCERiTY,safa'i,rasti,ik}ilas. 
{honesty) sadakat, rast-bazl, 433. 

Sinew, pattha, pai, nas, tant, {dakh.) rag. 

Sinewy, kawl-pai, nasilil, {strong) kawl. 

Sinful, a-dharm, papl, gunfib-gilr, bad-rah. 

7bSiNG,gana,alapna,((is iir^)chuchuhana, 
chahchahe mama, {in tune) sur milana, 
{slowly or with a low voice) niche suron se 
bolna,gungunana : to cause to — , gawana. 

To Singe, jhulsana, jhulas d., bhulsana. 

To be Singed, bhulasna, jhulasna, jhulas j. 

SiNGER,gawaiya,mutrib,sarod-go,i92g,i522 

Singing, {subst.) gan, zamzama, taghannl, 
mutribi, gbina, git, 2069, {of birds) chah- 
chahahat, {adj.) nawa-pardaz, {in compos.) 
khwiin, sara : — girl, mirasan, 201 1. 

Single, wahid, akela, ek, tanha, yak-guna, 
fard, mufrad, nira, {not double)ik-ta.hsL, ik- 
-lauta, {unmarried) mujarrad, an-biyaha : 
to — ,ek ko pakarna, alagi., ek ek nikalua. 

Singleness, ikla'i, tanha'I,nira'I, {celibacy) 
tajarrud, mujarradl. 

Singly, ek ek, fardan fardan, sirf, fakat. 

Singular, wahid, mufrad, ek, {uncommon) 
anokha, ajib, nirala : — numbers, afrad. 

Singularity, nudrat, khususiyat. anokha'i. 

Sinister, (/p/?) bayan, na-rast, (wn/afr) bad, 
zabun, manbus. 

SiNK,pan-baha'o, nail, khall, muhrl, sandas. 

To Sink, (!).«. as in water) dubna, (rfecrease) 
ghatna, zawal h., {fall) girna, {run into) 
dhasna, {as a quagmire) dhasakna, {as a 
terrace) khasna, {as ink on damp paper) 
chipakna, (». a. drown) dubona, {drive 
down) garna, dbasana, {delve) khodna, 
marna, {depress) dabana, {lessen) ghatana : 
— money, paisa dubona. 

Sinless, a-pap, be-gunah. Sinner, papi, 
gunah-gar, bad-kar, mujrim, asi, fasik. 

Sip, ghont, jur'a: to — , surapna, chusna. 

Sir, sahib, miyaii, babu, lala, jl, ju. 

Good Sir ! ajl. Sire, baba,bap. 

Siren, bintu-1-bahr, thagnl, mohni, kutnl. 

SiRiuM myrtifolium, chandan. 

Sirrah 1 abe, are, be. 



SIZ 



2379 



Sirup, shira.rub, pag, rab, chashni, kinSm : 

— of roses, gul-i-mukarrar. 
Sirup-like, Sirupy, kiivami. 

Sister, bahin, khwahir, jijiya, bu'a, bibu, 
bhena, ham-shira, 407, {dakh.) bhan : 
adopted — , bahanell : elder — , apa. 

Sister-in-law, {brother's wife) bhjwaj, 
{younger brother' swife)hha.ih\i,{husband's 
elder brother's wife) jethani, jithani, {hus- 
band's younger brother's wife) dewrani, 
{husband's sister) nanad, nand, {dakh.) 
nanad, {wife's sister) sail. 

Sister's daughter, or wife's sister's daugh- 
ter, bhanji : — son, or wife's sister's son, 
bhanja : — husband, bahno'I, bahne'u, 
bhina, {dakh.) bhaunfi'I. 

To Sit, baithna, asan mama, {as on eggs) 
sewna, {fit, suit) phabna, thik h. : — at 
ease, kamar khol baithna : — close in con- 
tact with another, asan se asan jorna : — 
cross-legged, panw par paiiw rakhna ; — 
down, chitar tekna: place — on, mak'ad: 

— on the hams, asan jorna : — upright, 
tanna : to cause — , baithalna, baithana. 

Site, thikana, asthal, makam. 

SiTTER,SiTTiNG,(m cojn7;os.)nishIa,nishan. 

SiTTiNG,(»M4s^)nishast,baithak,ku'ud,julus, 
{posture) asan, {as tailors sit at work) 
char-zanu, murabba" : — down before a 
fort,{subst.) muhasara: — of a sovereign 
to give audience, bar : — on a throne, 
masnad-nishm ; — on the ground with legs 
extended, 'phasV.s.T : a — room, nishast-gah : 
the — together, mujalasat. 

Situate, Situated, waki", mauzu'. 

Situation, mauza', jalsa, thaiiw, mauka', 
{condition) darja, kam, dhab, daul, hal. 

Siva, {name of Siva) siva, shiva, mahadev, 
mahes, rudr, trilochan : bull of — , nandi. 

Six, chha, shash, khat, shat, {dakh.) chhe : 
composed of — , musaddas : having — 
sides, shash-pahal, shash-gosha. 

Sixteen, solah, sorah, khodasan, shanzdah. 

Sixteenth, solahwan,shanzdahum,khodas : 

— part of a rupee, 5na : — part of a ser, 
{about two ounces) chhatank. 

Sixth, chhatha, chhatwan,shashum,(daiA.) 
chhatta, {at cards) chhakka : — day after 
childbirth, akika : — lunar day, chhathi. 

Sixthly, chhathe. Sixtieth, sathwan. 

Sixty, sath, (Pers.) shast : — one, iksath, 
((?aiA.)yaksath : — <M)0,basath : — three, 
tirsatb: — /o!ir,chausath: — ^/tw.painsath: 

— six, chhasat, chhiyasath, chhasath : — 
seven, satsath, {dakh.) samsath : — eight, 
athsath, {dakh.) atsat : — nine, unhattar, 
UTthdiltSiT-.tobeturnedof — ymr*,sathiyana. 

Size, {bulk, $fc.)d'il, kibr, lamba'i-chaura'i, 
bhar, {measure) kadr, mikdar, andaza, 
{stature)kB.dd,{capacity, as of a vessefj^el, 



2380 



SLA 



ama'o, {the gluiinotts substance) lasa, 

kalap. 
Sizeable, sauriyar, kadd-awar, ba-andaza. 
Skeix, plieritl,larchha, antl,pechak,karchhi. 
Skeleton, thathri, tklcla. 
Skeptic, Skeptical, dalil-talab, bharmi. 
Sketch, kliaka,naksha,khasra,kharra, 1557. 
Skewer, sikhcha : to — , parona or pirona. 
Skies, samawat. Skiff, thakthawwa,zaurak. 
Skilful, miihir, kabil, hunar-mand, rasa, 

guni, har-guni, wakif, zTrak, (as workman- 
ship) pur-kar : — in business, kar-guzar. 
Skilfulness, hunar-mandi, ustadi. 
Skill, maharat, hunar, shu'ur, rasa'!, gun. 
Skilled, mahir, kar-dan : — in bt'siness, 

sarbarali-kar: — in language, zaban-dan. 
Skillet, taba. 

To Skim, kachhna, pasana, phen utama. 
Skimmer, jhama, kaf-gir, karcbhani. 
Skin, chamra, khal, jild, cbarsa, cham, jhilU, 

post : to take the — off, khal kbainchna : 

to — , chamra khaiuchna, chamra uikalna, 

kbaliyaua, wainchhna. 
Skinflint, patthar-chata, makkhi-chiis. 
Skink, sakankur. Skinned, (arf/.) mu- 

kashshar : to be — , nikharna. 
Skinner, post-kan, sallakh. 
Skinny, chhichrail. 
Skip, chhalang, kud, zaghand : to — , chha- 

langna, kudakna, kudna, kulanch marna, 

{omit) nazar-andazi *. 
Skipping, (5His^)chhalang, (aio!«<)rakasan. 
Skirmish, halki lara'i, jharpa-jharpi: to — , 

halki lara'i k. , jharpa-jharpi k. 
Skirmishins, {subsl.) karawall. 
SKiRT,zail,daman,pairaman,(o/ a mountain) 

ragh : to — , mendiyana, gherna, {border) 

muttasiIA.,karIbA. SKiRTS,hawash!,nikas. 
Skittish, bharkel, chanchal, bc-kar.ir. 
SKREEN-,(«AeHer)ar,ot,(i?mrf)chiIwan,tatta, 

{curtain) antar-pat : — in front of a bed, 

dalda-peshglr : to — , see to Scrf,en. 
Skull, kasa-i-sar, kapal, khapri, khopri : — 

of a dead body, maha sankh. 
SKY,asman,falak,swarg,charkli,sama,gagan. 
Skycoloored, asmani. Skylark, bhart. 
Skylight, tab-dan, jharakha, gawachh. 
Skyrocket, hawa'i, hara. 
Slab, takhta-i-sang, pat, patiya. 
Slack, (/oose) phuska, (remiss) latthar,sust : 

to — , io Slacken, (». n.) dhlla ho-j., 

alsana, {v. a.) phaskana. 
Slackness, dhll, dhlla'i, sustl. 
Slag, dhat ki mail. Slain, {adj.) mara, 

mazbfih.maktril, munkatil, zakhml ; heap 

of — , sathra'o : to be — , mSr.T parna. 
ToSh\KT., bujhana, sard k.,{lime) bharkana. 
To Slam, zor se band *. 
Slander, badgo'i, tuhmat, glilbat, chawa'o, 

jhiith : io — , tuhmat lagnnl, ghibat k. 



SLE 

Slanderer, bad-go, ta'in, muftari, aib-go. 

Slanderous, tuhmat-amez, ghlbatl. 

Slant, Slanting, dhalfi, dhalwan, tirchha : 
to — , {v. a.) tirchhana, dhalu k. 

Slap, tamacha, dhaul, thappar, thapera, 
dhappa, chatkana, libba : — on the cheek, 
latma : — with both hands, do-hattar : to 
give a — ,tamanchamarna,tamanchalagana: 
to — , dhauliyana, dhaulana, chhakrana, 
tamanchamama,(one's/ace)mutdithathana 

Slash, kat, chak, chir, gha'o : to — , katna. 

Slate, ek kism ka patthar, {to write on) 
patiya : board like a — for children,tSL^ti, 
patl. Slattern, phuhar, churail. 

Slave, banda.banda, g-lmlam,balka-ba-gosh, 
chela, das, barda, abd : — bog, launda i — 
girl, cherl, cheri, laundT,kanIzak, laundiya : 
• — merchant, barda-farosh : — to one's 
passions, g1iaraz-ba*ola ; child of a — ■, 
khana-zad,bandol : female — ,bandl,bandl, 
bandor : purchased — , mamluk : to be a 
— , chonti katwana : to — ■, ghulami k., 
mihnat k. Slaver, («?«7<?e)lar,ral,la'ab, 
{slave-ship) sha\amoTi ko lane ka jahaz. 

Slavery, bandagi, ghulami, chera'I, 964. 

Slaughter, khun-rezi, zabh, katl, kital, 
halak,mukatala,kusht,ghat,badh : place of 
— , maktal -.to — , katl A. , halak k. , kata k. , 
zabh k. Slaughtered, katll, jhatka. 

Slaughterer, katil, zabilj, kushanda. 

Slaughterhouse, maslakh, kassab-khana. 

Slavish, ghulamana,£hulam-sa,(»»eare)paji. 

To Slay, mama, mar dalna, katl k.,haiakk. 

Slayer, badhik, katil, kattal, maran-hara, 
{in compos.) mar, marii, knsh. 

Sledge, (earria^e) rehrii : — hammer, ghan. 

Sleek, chikna,saf, (a horse) nek-tan : to be- 
come — ; and fat, ro'eii badalna : io — , 
chiknana. Sleekness, chikna'I,chiknahat 

Sleep, nind,khwab,nld,naum,sayan,nidra : 
deep — , sarak-nlnd : put io — , {adj.) 
khufta: to — , sona, nindna, sutna, nidna ; 
io — sound, nind bhar sona : to be unable 
io — , nInd uchilt h. ; to put or cause to — , 
sulana, sulwana, suwana, sulana. 

Sleeper, suwaiya, nindu, khwab-talab. 

Sleepiness, ungh, ungha'I, unghas, nindas. 

Sleeping, {subsi.) sain, sota, khuft, {adj.) 
khufta : — apartment, Idjwab-gah : — ai 
midday, {subsi.) kailQla : — on the side, 
{subsi.) karwat : late — , der-khwabi. 

Sleepless, be-khwab, unlda. 

Sleeplessness, be-khwabl. 

Sleepy, nindasa, khwab-nak, {dakh.) nindl. 

Sleet, meiih aurbarf ki ek-sath rezish. 

Sleeve, astln.hattba. Sleeved, astm-dar. 

SiEEVELESs, be-astln. 

Sleight, dhandhal, jugat, fatm, hikmat : — 
o/'/(anrf,batte-bazI,chalak-dastI,shu"bada- 
-biizl. SLENDEli,biirIk,patiri,cW)In,nizai-. 



SLO 

Slexderness, patla'I, bariki, krisatS. 
Slice, pbank, phanki, katla, tikka, chaktl : 

— of the jack fruit, ki'a : — of mango, 
khapta : to — , phankna, warak utarna. 

To Slide, phisalna, pichhalna, bichhalna, 
uchatna,lurakhna: — e«>ay,(!i.a.)khiskana. 

Slight, {adj. Mm)tunuk,chhin,patla,(ji>eai) 
tunuk,za'if,kam-zor,(/ri/fm^)subuk,halka, 
chhota, (s«is<.) khiffat, subka'i, ghaflat : io 
— , hakarat k. , halka janna, ghaflat k. 

Slightingly, hakarat se, khiffat se. 

Slightly, tanuk, ahista. 

Slightness, {lightness) halka'I, subka'i, 
{thinness) patla'I, {weakness) kam-zori. 

Slim, patla, barik, dubla, nazuk. 

Slime, {mud) klchar, khanch, khabsa, hila, 
wahal, {mucus) chitka, lu'ab, lasa. 

Sliminess, lu'ab, laslasahat, chipchipahat. 

Slimness, patla'I, barikl, nazukl. 

Slimy, chaspan,lu'abl,laslasa, (»i!((f(fy)chih- 
laha. SLiNESs,aiyari,chatura'i,syan-pan. 

Sling, gophan, falakhun : — for carrying 
baskets, chhlka,chhinka,sikhar : — for the 
arm, galjandra : io — , {throw) phenkna, 
cbalana, {swing) latkana, tangna. 

TbSLiNK,dabakj.,satakna: — away,katrana. 

Slip, laghzish, pa-laghz, {iivig) kalam, 
chhantau, (error) chuk, bhul,pa-laghz : — 
of cloth or paper, dhaja, dhajjl, para, darz, 
llr : io give one the — , chuka'I d. : to — , 
(». n.) pichhalna, phisalna, bichhalna, 
rapatna,uchatna,(ai<iay)chhutna,khisakna, 
khisak J., {from) chhutna, nikalna, {oui, a 
bone, Sfc.) ukharna, bichhalna. 

SLiPPER,ghar men pahanne ke liye juti, pa- 
-posh, panhl, paizar, juta,jiiti, chappal: to 
beat with a — , jutiyana. 

Slipperiness, khisliihat, kliislaw, rapat. 

Slippers, chapra'u : beaten with — , {adj.) 
jutl-khor : to be beaten with — , paizar 
khana : beating with — , (s!(is<.) jiitl-karl. 

Slippery, khisalna, khislaha, phisalnS, 
phislaha, chikna, {uncertain) na-pa'edar: 

— wife, chiknl joru. 

Slipping, {subsi.) khislaw, laghzish, {adj.) 

laghzan, {in compos.) laghz. 
Slit, lamba chir, chira, chak, shigaf : io — , 

lamba Iambi katna, chirna,chak*.,pharna. 
Sloe, ek kism ka jangli phal, alunj. 
Sloop, ek-mastQliya jahiiz, ghuriib. 
Slope, Sloping, {adj.) dhalu, dhalwan, 

nasheb, {subsi.) dhal, utar, gaw-dura. 
Sloppy, maila, jal-thal, pankllii (?). 
Sloth, iilas, kahili, kahiilat, sustl, askat, (Me 

animal) ek kism ka sust jiinwar. 
Slothful, arami, Slasi, sust, kahil. 
Sloth FULNESS, snsti, kfdiill, alas. 
Sloven, ghali?; adml, {woman) bhishtal. 
Slovenly, ghaliii, chirkin, {adv.) ghilazat 

se, ghaflat se, bc-suthrii'I se. 



SMI 



SNA 



SOA 



2381 



I, {ho;i) ilaldal, dhasfi'o, pank : — of 
a snake, kinchll, kL-iid.li, {dakh.) kachll : 

— of a wound, chhicliru. 
SLOW,(K0/yasi)der, (/ar^)ka1iil,sust,dhima, 

{dull) mand, manda, kund : — of appre- 
hension, bad-zihn : — paced, ahista-rau, 
kam-kadam, mand-gati; to be —, (late) 
derl lagna. Slowly, ahista, gate, haule. 

Slowness, {tardiness) der, derl, ahistagi, 
{laziness) dhim, kasal, susti, dhil, {dulness) 
kundl. Sludge, kich, kicliar, pank. 

Slug, {drone) sust, maj'hfil, {snail) ainta, 
ghonga, {piece of metal) dhat ka tukra. 

Sluggard, askati, niacha-tor, aram-talab. 

Sluggish, askati, sust, kahil, alasi. 

Sluice, {drain) muhri, {flood-gate) pani ki 
rah ka phatak. 

Slumber, ungha'l,nim-khwab,kaehchlnind: 
to — unghna, jhumna, jhapkt men h. 

Slur, l.iarf, dagh, ruswa'I, fazThat. 

Slut, churail, phuhar. Sly, syana, chatur, 
garha, aiyara : — look, kankhl. 

Smack, {crack) chatak, {vessel) ek taur ki 
kisliti, {kiss) chuma, chatakha, {taste) maza, 
shamma, {slap) thappar : to — , {taste) maza 
lena, {kiss) chumna : see lo Slap. 

Small, chhota, sagliIr,khurd,thora, nannha, 
kih,kuchak : — and great, sigkar o kibar. 

Smallness, chhota'?, khurdi, kuchaki, kih- 
ta.u,{shortness)\iO\.a\yi,{narrowness)s,3kxk'i 

Smallpox, sitala, mata, judrl, chechak, gotl, 
(rfaM.) nikala, 1538: drying up of the — , 
bilgmorna: markedwith — ,(arf;.)kir-khaya 

Smart, {active) phurtlla, chalak, {wittg) 
hazir-jawab, namkin, cbarpara, {subst., 
smar<;nj)charparahat,parparahat, chahka : 
to — , cbarparana, chbanchhanana, dukhna, 
charrana.parparana. SMARTNESs,(4rzsi- 
ness)chalakT,(!f!7<mess)tez-fahaiT,nainkinI. 

Smatch, shamma. Smatter, Smatter- 
ing, danish-i-subuk, danish-i-kham. 

To Smear, sanna, sondhna, malna, lagana : 

— with lac, lakhauta k. : — with pitch, 
dhCipna. Smeared, (arf/.)aluda,chakkan : 
to be — over, lipaa. 

Smell, {odour) bii, has, shamma, {sense of) 
sungh, raasham, shamma : — like that of 
new earth, sondhiihat : — of burning 
leather, hair, Sfc, ehirand: — of putrid 
meat, sarahind : disagreeable — , sarahind, 
sisiyil'ind ; earthy — , sundhawat : good — , 
su-gandh: taking a — , {subst.) bu-kashl : 
to emit a — , bo'ana : to — , {v.n.) bo'ana, 
has nikalna, {v. a.) sfinghna, bu lena, bii 
pana -.to — , a rat, chjil milna. 

SMELLER,bu-kash. Smelling, (arf;'.)mash- 
mum, bu-kash, {subst.) sunghan, shamlm. 

Smelt, ek kism ki chhoti machhli : to — , 
dhat ko galake khalis k., pighlana. 

Smilax china, chob-chini. 



Smile, tabassum, muskan, muskura'i, ibti- 
sJm : to — , muskana,muskurana, tabas- 
sum k., bihasna, bikasna. 

Affected or forced Smiles, kath-hansl. 

Smiling, {adj.) mutabassim,(««is/.)musku- 
re'ihat, muskura'i: of a — countenance, 
{adj.) khanda-ru, hansmukh. Smirk, 
muskura'r,muskurahat : to — , muskurana. 

To Smite, mama, mar d., mar dalna, hanna. 

SMiTER,maran-hara,(8ncot?!po».)mar,maru. 

Smith, dhat ka kam karnewala, lobar. 

Smithy, ahangarki dukan, lohar-khana. 

Smitten, (af/;.)mara,zada : to be — in battle, 
kam ana. Smock, zanana kamis, kurti. 

Smoke, dud, dhum,dbunwa,dukhan,dhuiiwa: 
of the colour of — , dhumrii, dhumla : to 
inhale — , dhuni lena: to — , {emit smoke) 
dhuiiwaranajdhu'au nikalna, (/oiacco)pina, 
{dry in smoke) dhu'en men sukhana. 

Smoky, dud-aliida, dukhani, dhuiiwau-dhar. 

Smooth, {level) hamwar, barabar, chauras, 
sil-pat, {not roi^i/A) chikna, saf , (ea/»i) thir, 
{aspaper) muhredar : — tongued, charb- 
-zaban ; to — , {level) hamwar k., barabar 
k., {polish) chiknana, rolna. 

Smoothness, {polish) chikna'I, chikaahat, 
{evenness) hamwari, barabari. 

To Smother, dam band k., sans rokna, 
{suppress) dabana, marna, bujhana. 

To be Smothered, sans rukna. 

To Smuggle, chauki marna, ghat marna. 

Smuggler, ghat-mar, chauki-mar. 

Smut, dhu"en ya angar ka dagh, {in corn) 
ger&'i, lendha, harda, {obscenity) katusi, 
khurafat.fuhsh. SMUTTY.kalak se maila, 
ghaliz, {obscene) khurafati, puch, 1485. 

Snack, hijsa, bant, bath-chapu'a. 

Snaffle, dukri, dabana, dhatti. 

Snail, aintii, ghonga, ghungi. 

Snake, samp, nag, bhujang, bis-dhar, mar, 
sarang : — catcher, mar-glr, guni : — • 
catching, {subst.) mar-girl: — keeper, 
sampera, {dakh.) sampara : black — , kala, 
kara : female — , sapin : kind of — ,barwat, 
donr, donr,sunkatar,karait,barjatiya, kor- 
-bala,kauriala,gohuna: large — ,azhdaha: 
young — , sapola, sampola. 

Snake's hole, babni, bambhi, bi'ar. 

One who charms Snakes, guni. 

Snap, chat, chatak, {snatch) jhapat : to — , 
{snarl) kilkilana, {break) torna, {crack) 
patakna : — at, jhapatna, {short) chat de 
tutna,(Me/«yeri)chatkana,(«jo)jhapatlena 

Snapping, {adj.) kataha : — of the fingers, 
chutki. Snappish, kataha, {peevish) 
chirchira, harkiya. 

To speak Snappishly, (rfaiA.) jhirkana. 

Snappishness, jharki, chirchirahat. 

Snare, pa'e-dam, dam, phanda, phanda, 
phausi : to — , pakarnii, phaiisana. 

8 Q 



Place o/Sn AIlES,dam-gah : setterof—,diimi. 

Snarl, guraj : to — , gurajna, {dakh.) ghur- 
kan:'i, {be peevish) kilkilana. 

Snatch, lapak, jhapat, jhapattH: to — , 
chhinna, jhapatna, jhapat lena, miisna, 
lapakna, {away) khosna, {up) chhin lena. 

Snatched away, {adj.) masiab. 

Snatchi.ng, {subst.) jhakjhori. 

To Sneak, dabak ana,dabak^'.,dabakrahna. 

Sneaking, paji, khaya-bardar. dani. 

Sneer, thesra, tanz, istihza : to — , mihnil 
phenkna. Sneereu, ta'na-zan. 

Sneeringly, tanzan. 

Sneeze, Sneezing, chhink, atsa: to — , 
chhinkna, {as a horse) farriina. 

Sneezewort, kandas, kundus. 

SNicKan£Zs«ee,chhurii-chhuri,chhuri-katari. 

To Sniff, nak se dam lena. 

To Snip, katarna, katar d., katar lena. 

Snipe, chaha (.'). 

Snivel, rent, renta, neta, sinak : to — , rent 
nikalna, (cry) larke sa rona, thinakna. 

Snore, SNORiNG,kharrata,kharkharik,tharar, 
tharak, kharkharabat, gharrata : to — , 
tharak parna, kharriita mama, ghumana. 

To Snort, phiinkarna, farrana. 

Snot, neta, rent, renta, pontii, sinak, lu'ab. 

Snout, (crocodile's) tumri, {elephant' s)iuad. 

Snow, pala, barf, thar, tusar, tuhin : to — , 
pala parna: — white,\ia{u.rl. SNOWY,barfi. 

ToSnub, dabana, dabna,datna,dantna,siinsna, 
katna, dutana. To 4e Snubbed, dabnii. 

Snuff, nas, siinghni, sunghan, roshan- 
-damagh, hulas : — of a candle, gul, tem, 
jaran: to — , (mAa?e), sunghna, khainchna, 
(0 candle) gul tarashna, gul lena. 

Snuffbox, nas-dan. 

Snuffers, gul-tarasb, gul-gir. 

To Snuffle, gungunana, nak se bolna. 

Snuffler, Snuffling, {adj.) gunguna. 

Snug, suthra, ma'kul, {private) poshida. 

So, aisa,waisa, taisa,tyiin,tyoii, won, ton, so, 
chunan, yiin-hi, yiin-kar, is tarah, {hence) 
li-haza, is liye, {provided) basharte (ki), 
{well .') bale, khub : — be it, bad, swasti : 

— greatly, chandan : — long, ta ki, tab 
lag, tau loii : — many, itna, ota, titna, tai, 
chandin : — much, itna, itek, is-kadr, eta, 
ota,weta,titna,jitna,jeta,chandan,chandIn: 
■ — much the more, har-chand : — so, {in- 
different)aisa. waisa, jaisa taisa, rasi, shud- 
-bud : — that, ta ki, chunanchi. 

To Soak, {v. n.) bhigna, tar rahna, {v. a.) 
bhigona, tar k. : — up, sokhna. 

Soaked, lath-path. 

Soap, sabun, sukli-karm : kind of — ashes, 
kaliya: — 4oi7er,sabiin-gar: — earth, reh: 

— nut, — wort, ritha. 
SoAR,buland-parTCazi,charha'i,su'ud: to — , 

charhna, urna, bulaud-parwazi k. 



2382 



SOL 



« Sob, thunuk, sisak, balgana : lo — , sisakna, 
thunukna, bisurna.kuk marna, 1289. 

Sober, hushyar, parhezgar, muttaki, (grave) 
sanjIda,ganibhIra,(^/aiK,a«dress,iJ-c.)sada. 

To Sober, ba-hosh A. 

SoBERLi', parhezse, sanjidagl se. 

SoBERNESs,SoBRiETV,hoshyarI,(aisWnence) 
parhez, parhez-garl, sanjam, {gravity) 
sanjidagl, ahistagi, dhiraj. 

SociABLE,mUansar,meli,milapi,ashna-parast 

SociABLENESS, milansail, ^ulta, amezish. 

Society, (association) suhbat, uns, ulfat, 
musahabat, sbirk, musbarakat, {company) 
firka, jama'at, tol, sangat, (fellow-travel- 
ling) ham-rahT;: mixing in — , mukhalajat. 

Sock, pa-taba, pa'e-taba, jurrab, ek tarab ka 
ju'.a. Socket, gbar,chhed,kbana,piyala, 
(of the eye) chashm-kbana. 

Sod, dhela : to — , chiptana, cbaktana. 

Impure carbonate of Soda, sajji. 

Sodomite, gandu, rumall, luti, 178, 1731. 

Sodomy, launda-bazl, ighlam, pul-bandi. 

Soever, ko'I, kuchh. 

Sofa, char-balish, mihad, (from A. suffa). 

SoFi, sufl. Soft, narm, komal, mula'im, 
pilpila, pola, (delicate) nazuk, kagbazi, 
(easy) sabl, (light) balka, subuk, (silly) 
kacbcha, bhondu : — eyed, ahu-cbashm : 

— words, chupn bat : to become — , mu- 
la'im h., sag-pat A. 

roSoFTEN,(».re.)mula'imA.,(ti. a.)pilpilana, 

narmana, lajlajana, galgalana, narm i. 
Softening, mulaiyin: — pronunciat ion, 6sg. 
Softly, (jen%)abiste, baule, gate, (silently) 

chhipke, (tenderly) sbafakat se, narmi se. 
Softness, narmi,mulayamat,nazukl,kacba'i. 
SoHO ! abo, are, re, ho, aji. 
Soil, matti, zamin, ra-i-zamm, (manure) sar, 

kbad : rich — , matiyara. 
To Soil, maila *., gbalTz i., sanna. 
Soiled, aluda, maila : to be — , sanna. 
To Sojourn, cband roz ke liye kahTn rahna. 
Sojourner, khnsh-bash, kbana-ba-dosh, 

musafir. Sojourning, (subst.) nuziil. 
Solace, tasalli, taskln, kbushi. 
To Solace, bahlana, rijhana, khush k. 
SohAf!VM jacquini, bhat-kataiyfi, kantakari, 

kutaya, (dakh.) doria, flower, gul-kbar : 

— melongena, bhanta, baigan, badanjiin, 
(wild) ban-bhanta : — tuberosum, alii : 

— nigrum, tilidun, mako(.>). 
Solar, Solary, shainsT, aftabi, saur. 
Sold, becha, mubi'! : to be — , bikna. 
Solder, tanka, jopan, lahm : to — , rasana, 

^anke lagfina, jhalanii, jhalna, joj-na. 
Soldering, (of metals, subst.) jba!. 
Soldier, sipahi.Usbkari, askari, 1 158, 684. 
Soldierly, sipahiyana. 
Soldiers, Soldiery, gipah, lashkar, anfar. 
SoLDiEBSuiP, sipah-gari. 



SON 

Sole, (adj.)\k\?t., akela,tanha, wahid, yagana : 
— of the foot, talii'a, kafif-i-pa: — of a 
shoe, tala, talT, 1299. 

Solely, sirf, mabz, mujarradan,fakat:, 1459. 

Solemn, (grave) sanjida, bhari, gambbira, 
(auful) ra"b-dar, ibratT. 

Solemnity, sanjidagl, ra'b-darl, (ceremony) 
parab. Solemnly, ba-taur-i-azln, ba- 
-taur-i-id. Sol-fa-ing, sari-gam. 

To Solicit, iltimas i., minnat i., mangna. 

Solicit ATioN,ilbah,Istid'a,binti,darkliwast. 

Solicitor, taIib,arziimand,(o<Z»oco<e)wakil. 

SoLiciTons,takaza'i,mushawwash,kliwaban. 

Solicitude, fikr, ibtimam, kbalish, kosbisb. 

Solid, (notfiuid) munjaraid, (firm) tantba, 
pukhta, ustuwar, matin, (compact) sangin. 

SoLiDiTY,iEJimad,matanat,tantha'i,sanginI. 

SoLiLoauY, khud-kalaml. 

Solitariness, mujarradi(/oneKnms)wa!ishat 

Solitary, tan-i-tanba, tanha, mujarrad, 
(gloomy) dbandbar, (hermit) gosha-mshm. 

Solitude, tanba'i,kbalwat,udasi,dbandbarl. 

SoLMizATioN,sari-gam. Solomon, sulaiman. 

Summer Solstice, rasu-s-saratan : winter 
— , rasu-1-jadi, dakkhinayaa-siiraj. 

Solubility, tablll, gala'o, ghula'o. 

Soluble, gala'ii, gal-har, muballal, ghula'u. 

To Solve, ball i., (unfold) kholna, suljhana. 

Solvent, gala'ii, (able to pay all debts) karz 
ada karne ka takat-mand, zar-dfir. 

Solution, gala'o, galawat,ball,(?na/?er rf/s- 
solved) pani, (unfolding) kashf, suljba'o. 

Some, kucbh, ko'I, kisi, ka'i, ka'I-ek, ko'u, 
kitna, ba'ze, thora, cband : — at least, 
kucbb-na-kuclib : — few, kucbh ek, ka'i 
ek, ek ad, kitne ek : — little, yak chand, 
kucbh ek : — one, ko'I, kase : — one or 
other, — or other, ko'i-na-ko'i. 

Somebody, ko'I, kase, koTi : — or other, 
ko'I-na-ko'i. 

Somehow, kisI tarab : — or other, ba-har- 
-baI,ba-har-taur,joii-ton kar,yiiii-na-yiiu. 

Something, kuchh, thora-sa, kuchh-ek, 
thorii-ek : — else, kuchh ka kuchh : — 
or other, kuchh-na-kuchh. 

Sometime, chande,kabhi,grihe,gahe: — ago, 
kabhl ke : — or other, kabhi-na-kabhi. 

SoMETiMES,kabhI-kabliI,giih-gah,ba'"zewakt 

Somewh AT, kadre, kuchh, thora bahut,Iakbt. 

Somewhere, kahliijkisljagah : — or other, 
kahin-na-kahlri. 

Somniferous, Somnific, kbwab-awar. 

Somnolency, nindas, khwSb-aludagl. 

Son, beta, p&t, pisar, larka, ibn, bitawii, bach- 
clia, (in compos.) zada : — of a brave man, 
mard-bachcba : — of a whore, mal-ziida, 
waladu-z-zina : bad or degenerate — , 
kaput : dutiful — , sapiit, supiit : having 
no — , ni-piita. Sonchus, kiimriij. 

Song, git, gfin, sarod, nagbma : — of a bird. 



sov 

chahchaha : — of congratulation, man- 
galachar : exhibition of song, dancing, and 
mKsic,sangit : marriage — , mangalacbar. 

Abusive Songs sung by women at weddings, 
sithna, sithni : indecent — sung at mar- 
riages, galiyan. 

Songster, zamzama-pardaz, mutrib, gayan. 

Son-in-law, jawa'I,kl!iTesh,damad, 804, 977 

Son's daughter,p&uln,(dakh.)fott'i: — son, 
pautra,(rfaAA.)potra: — j<'j/'e,bahu,patohu. 

Sonnet, chaudah misra'a kl gbazal, khayal. 

Sonorous, pur-awaz, buland-awaz. 

SooN,ab-hI,an-karIb,beg,hiilI, jaldi, shitab : 
as — as, jab, jad, jis-wakt: so — , tab, tad. 

Sooner, pahle, age, peshtar, pesh-az-an. 

Soot, diida, kalik, sauiira, sawad, kajjal. 

To Sooth, taskln <?., thanda i., (conciliate) 
maniina. Soothing, (subst.) dil-asa, 
niiz, (in compos.) nawaz. 

To Soothsay, agam bhakhna, fil-go'i t. 

Soothsayer, kahin, rammal, agam-bakta. 

Sooty, pur-duda, kalik-bhara, kala. 

Sop,rakIkchIzmeiibhIgihu'Iroti, (SWie)i975 

Sophist, naiyayik, bat-bana, hujjati, riya'i. 

To Sophisticate, batbandhna, khonta i. 

Sophistry, ba'o-bandI,nya'e,pech,dhokha. 

SoRCERER,afsun-gar,bhokas,jadu-gar,2i04. 

Sorceress, jadu-garni, kankalin, dii'en. 

Sorcery, jadii, nairang, sibr, taskhirat. 

Sordid, kbasis, faro-maya, tang-cbashm. 

Sore, (subst.) gba'o, zakhm, nasur, karba, 
(adj.) pur-dard, dukha'a, shadid, sakbt. 

Sorely, nihayat dard ke satb, shiddat se. 

SoRENESs,dukh,dard — m themouth, 1996. 

Sorex C(erulescens,or <;<prMte«,chakchhiindI. 

Sorrel, (the herb) tutsba, chiika, hummaz : 
red — , ambari ki bhajl : yellow wood — , 
amboti : — , (in colour) sandalT. 

Sorrow, afsos,gbam,kurhan,santap,sok : to 
suffer , mar-pachna : to — , afsos k. 

Sorrowful, dard-nak.dil-gir.gham-gln.gS. 

Sorrowfulness, gham-naki, andoh-niikl. 

Sorry, (jr!-!'e»c(Z)pashenian,pachhta'u, (vile) 
na-kara.malamati : to be — ,pachhtana,57. 

SoRT,kism,sinf,nau',rang,rakam,bhant,jins, 
kabil : of another — , nii-jins : of this — , 
az in kabll : some — , kisi tarah : in some 
— , kuchh ek: what — of? kaisa, kaiin-sa. 

To SoRT,kism kism *.,(cHW)cbunna,bru-hh- 
na, (adjust) miliina, sudharna, thik k. 

Sorts, aksam, anwa", ajnas, alwiin, aaniif. 

To Soss, (v.n.) dhabe papna. 

Sot, da'imu-1-khamr, mai-khor, post!, 
(stupid) la-akl : to — , chur ralinfi. 

Sottish, khamr-Sshik,be-hosh, (stupid) be- 
-khabar.SoTTiSHNESs,be-liosbI,be-kl!abarI 

Sovereign, (a<?;.)bartarin,(a4«o/«<e)musta- 
kill, mutlak, (s«i«^)padshah, shah, sultan. 

Sovereignty, istiklal, raj, siyadat, amiil, 
furrnfin-rawa'I, hukumat, riyasat, ^adarut. 



SPA 

SoCGH, mori, muhrl, nail, badar-rau. 

SouL.ruli, nafs,j5n,ji,pran,man,atina,(/)fr- 
*on)mutanaffis,admi,shakhs : having a — , 
zl rul.i: m the very — ,man bin man: wilk 
heart and — , dil-o-jan se. Soulless, 
nir-jlw, be-jiin. Souls, arwah, nufus. 

Sound, {adj. faultless) be-aib, be-zarb, 
(AraWAy)5ahJh,bhala,bhala changa, {right) 
durust, thik, {assleep) bhan, bara, {suljst., 
noise) awaz, ahat, bang, riida, sada, patak, 
sabd, saut : — expressing jog, kilkfiri : — 
of a drop of water falling on a hot plate, 
chhanak, chban : — of footsteps, khatka, 
khutka: to — , {v.n.) bolna, bajna, bajna, 
gajna,tuntunana, shor A., 410,(0* akettle- 
dr«m)dagdagana,(».fl.) bajana, {examine) 
bhed lena,(/ry depth with aplummei) thah 
Una, pani atkalna, {Roeb.) pani mapna, 
{proclaim) phailana. 

To be Sounded, bajna, (as the nauhat)\\i3.ma.. 

SovuDitfG ,{sttbst .)Wian,^ii\7Ln .{a fiorn, IfC.) 
nafkh, {adj.) pur-awaz, bharl, sangln. 

Sov2)Dhy, {stoutlg)sakMUf!,]i}\hh,{healthilg) 
sihbat se, aram se, {jnslhj) riistl se. 

Soundness, sibliat,tan-durHstT,duriistI,rasti. 

Soup, shorba, pareb, ash, ab-josh, pale'o. 

Sour, tursh,kbatta,ambat, anil, chuk.bamiz, 
(craiierf)na-yiusb,chircbira : mi^ed taste 
of — and sweet, kbatmitha : making a — 
face, kalakb : — tempered, tvirsli-fab", 
tursh-mizaj ; to — , grow — , turn — , tur- 
shana, amliatana. 

Source, cbasbma-i-ab,masdar, asl, mul, jar. 

Sourish, khatta-sa, turshi-ma'jl. 

Sourly, turshi se, {peevishly) tursh-ru'I se, 
chirchira'i se. Sourness, tursba'I, turshi. 

To Souse, {steep in pickle) namkin pan! men 
bhigona, {plunge) dubo rakhna, {pounce 
upon) jhapat parna. 

South, dakban, dakkhan, dakkhin, janub : 
— , Southern, dakhni, janubi. 

SouTHEAST.agni. SouTHERLYTOnrf,dakhna. 

Southern ;)a7-/ of India, dakhan, dakkhin. 

Southernwood, kaisum. 

Southing, dakkliinayan : sun's — , dakkhi- 
nayan-suraj. 1053. 

Southward, dakkhin ko, ba-simt-i-janub. 

Southwest, nairit. Sow, sii'ari. 

To Sow, bona, ropna, ubana, {dakh.) perna. 

Sowing, {mbst.) bo'a'I, tukhm-rezi, zira'at. 

Rice SowiNs.sItb. Sown, mazru' : — field, 
zira'at, kisht-zar, mazra'. 

SpACE,arsa,fisila,masafat,antar,(»-oom)jagab, 
maidaa : — between the tail and anus of a 
horse, sagharl : — of time, muddat : long 
— of time, muddat-i-madrd. 

Spacious, chaura-cbakla, fariikb, kushada. 

Spaciousness, kushadagi.farakhX, chauia'i. 

Spade, bel, belcha, pha'ora, kudal, khodni. 

SPAN,baUsbt,bitta,biland,bihsht, wajab ; — 



SPE 

new, tah-darz, tatka, kora : to — , biti- 
yana (?), nap lena, kiyas *. 

Spar, {beam) kari, danda, {mineral) ko'I 
ma'dani chiz : to — , jharapna, panja k. 

Spare, (scanty )kalil,thora,kam,(?(?an)patla, 
{mperfuom) ziyada, adhik, faltQ : to — , 
{save) bachana, chhorna, {give) dena,(/or- 
give)m\x'tfk., {v.n. be sparing) iuz-rsis h. 

To be SpARED,bachna. SPARENESs,patla'i. 

Sparing, {subsf.) chbora'o, bacha'o, {adj. 
frugal) kifayati, juz-ras, kam-kharcb. 

Sparingly, kami se, juzrasi se, ihtiyat se. 

Spark, Sparkle, cbingt, chingarl, patanga, 
parkala, (o/a (/fm)kan,kannl, (a iMw)bisnI. 

To Sparkle, {v.n.) ching! chhutna, chingari 
nikalna, chamakna, jhanijhamana, 887. 

Sparkling, dagdagahat, {adj.) jbilmila. 

Sparks, sharar:—remamm^!nasAcs,angara. 

Sparrow, gauriya, chira, kunjishk, gargaya. 

SpARROWHAWK,mfisb-gIr,chippakh,basha. 

SpASM,tashannuj,jakar,ainth,maror,pechish. 

Spasmodic, tashannuji : — distortion of the 
face, lakwa. To Spatter, {daub) lesna, 
aliida k., {asperse) tubmat lagana. 

Spatterdashes, panw kl ek poshish. 

Spatula, attaronkaekhathiyarjissemarham 
lagate bain. SpAVIN,motra,mothra,hadda. 

Spawn, machhliyon aur mendakon ke ande : 
to — , ande d., paida k. 

To Spay, mada janwaron ko ^asT k. 

To Speak, bolna, kahna, bhakhna, batrana, 
bat i., uchcharna, dam marna, zaban par 
lana : — at, bat phenkna : — distinctly, 
tar-tar bolna, 292 : — eloquently, phiil 
jharna,motI pirone : — indistinctly from 
joy or intoxication, balakna : — harshly, 
baten sunana : — kindly to, chumkarna : 
— out,ho\ uthna,uchcbarna: — repeatedly, 
bole so bolna : — together, bolna-chalna : 

— to the purpose, h&t garhna,garm bolna: 
to be unable — , {from fear, joy, Sfc.) 
ghighiyiina : to cause — , kabana. 

Speakable, bachya, vacbya. 

Speaker, mutakallim,badi,goyan,mukbatib, 
natik, kallm, bakta, bolwaiya, {orator) 
sukban-saz, kbatlb, {president) mir-i- 
-majlis, {in compos.) go, go'e. 

Speaking, {subst. )ga!tav, go 'I, natik, {adj.) 
mutakallim, natika, goyanda, {in compos.) 
go, go'e, go'I : — inconsiderately, {subst.) 
tenta.tenti : — properly, {adj. )ma']iu\-go: 

— with warmth or forcibly, {adj.) garm- 
-sukhan : pertine7it — , {subst.) raa'kul- 
-go'i: to turn towards in — , mukhatib h. 

One who Speaks his mind freely and with- 
out reserve, nang! shamsher. 

Spear, bhala, ballam, barcbha, barchhl, sel, 
sang, neza, garhiya, alam, kont, sinan : 
striking xvith a — , {subst.) ta'n t throwing 
the — , {subst.) neza-bazl. 



SPE 



2383 



SpEARMAN,barchhait,barcbhi-bardar,ballam- ^ 
-bardar,bhalait,neze-bardar, (rfa*A.)bhal- 
-dar. Special, khass, makhsus, nij. 

Specially, khususan, bisekh. 

SpEciE,nakd,rokar. SpECiES,kism,jins,nau'', 
sinf,kabil,guna :o/anoMcr — ,{adj.)na-yms. 

Specific, jinsl,kismi,zatl,(.«ui»/.)mujarrab. 

Specification, tashakhkhus, tashkhls, 
thahra'o. Specified, mastiir. 

To Specify, tbabrana, raushakbkhas k., {ex- 
plain) tafsil k., bayan k. Specimen, 
namuna, bangi, chashni, {dakh.) madarl. 

Specious, zahir-numa, surat-haram. 

Speciousness, {imposition) tasannu', mu- 
lamma'a, {plausibility) charb-zabanl. 

Speck, dagh, dana, chhitkT, chitkara : — on 
the eye, tent, jala, manda, phuli : to — , to 
SpECKLE,chhltki*.,chhitkilagana,chhItna. 

Speckled, chittl-dar,chitkabra,chltal,daghi. 

Spectacle, tamasha, manzai , did, kutQhal. 

Spectacles, chashma, chashmak, ainak. 

Spectator, tamasha'), tamash-bin, dikbwai- 
ya,dekhwaiya,nazir. SpECTATOns,nazirIn. 

Spectre, chhaya, pisa^, saya, ifrit, bbut. 

To Speculate, girani kl ummed par sauda- 
garl chIz kharid k., {consider) bicharna, 
sochna, lihaz k. Speculation, girani kl 
ummed par kharTd, {meditation) fikr, soch. 

Speculative, fikri, sochi, bichari. 

Speculator, mansuba-baz. 

Speculum, a'Ina, mir'at. 

Speech, guftar, bol, sukban, kalam, kalima, 
baclian, bat, bakya, makal, nutk, kaul, {lan- 
guage) boll, bhakha, lughat, bik: faculty 
of — , bolta, natika. Speechless, la- 
-zaban, la-jawab, am-bol,a-bak,be-zaban. 

SpEED,jharak, jharaka, jaldi,utawal, uta'oll, 
ajalat, begi, shitabi : to force a horse to his 
utmost — , ghore ko sarpat phenkna, 539 : 
ioput a horse to his — by whipping, kora 
mama : to — , (t>.n.)daurna,jaldi i.,{v.a.) 
daurana, jaldi bhejna, chalana. 

Speedily', jaldi se, daura-daurl se, sbitabl. 

Speedy, shitab, jald, uta'ola, chalak. 

Spell, mantar, afsun, {turn) naubat, bar! : 
to — , tahajjl k., bije k., imla k. 

Spelling, {srtbsi.) tahajjl, hije, imla. 

roSpEND,(ex^m(/)kharacbna,k]iarch i.,sarf 
k., lutfina, {pass) ba-sar k., guzarna : — 
extravagantly, urana, paisa khana, paisa 
urana : — in vain, gaiiwana : — or lavish 
another's property, khopri kha-J..- — , 
{time) katna, guzarna, {v.n.) bihana, gu- 
zarna : — time carelessly, din ganwana. 

SpENDER,SpENDTHRiFT,ura'u,lutera,gha'u- 
-ghap.musrif. Spending. (»«fo<.)kharch. 

To be Spent, {time, S{c.) katna, nibarna, 
ba-sar A. Sperm, tukhm, pant, bTj,nafs. 

Sperma genitale, {viri ant mulieris) bij, 
ret, sukr, mani, nutfa, shaikh. 



23S4 



SPI 



To Spew, kai k., ugalna, chhamjna. 

Sph^ranthus indicus, muadi. 

Sphere, chambar,mandal,kura,(tte heavens) 
charkh, sipahr, falak. 

Spherical, kura'I,mustadir,gol,mudawwar. 

Spica virffinis, chitra. Spicer, pasari. 

SpiCES,masalil.i,chhonkan: — ffiven to cattle, 
chaneth : seller of — , pasari. 

Spicy, gamkila, mahklla, masalih-dar. 

Spider, ankabiit, luchra, makra, makri. 

Spider's wed, tana, makri ka jala. 

Spigot, datta, thepi. Spike, {of corn) 
jhompa,bal, kliosha, (nail) mekli, kil, kila : 
to — , mekh marna, mekh se band i. 

Spikenard, jata-masi,chhar,chliar,sumbul. 

To Spill, (». a.) dhulana, dhalkana, dhalna, 
chhalkana,girana,(u.n.) ^cSpilt, chhalak- 
Da, dhalakna, dhalna, dhulna, girna. 

ToSpis, (».n.)ghumna,phirna, (v. a.) katna, 
kata'i X:.SpiNACH,SpiNAGE,isfanaj,palak. 

Spinal marrow, haram ma gli z. 

Spindle, drik,takla,taku'a,taku'a,parchha. 

Spine, kangror, rirh, {thorn) kanta, kbar. 

Spinner, charkh-zan. Spinning, {suist.) 
charlvh-zani, kata'i, katana'i : — out, 
{adj.) multawi : price paid foi , kata'i. 

Spinning wheel, cliarkha.charklii.charkh- 
-zani.rahtri : apparatus of a — ,chamrakh. 

Spiral, {twisted) pech-dar,pechan,pech"da. 

Spire, kalas, kalsa, minar, {twist) pech, 
marori : to — , niinar sa buland h. 

Spired, (adj.) kangura-dar. 

Spirit, {courage) kaleja, sahas, himmat, jan- 
-hiLz\,yanimation) jan-dari, namak, {ghost) 
bhut, pret, {soul) ruh, man, nafs, ji, jan, 
dil, {liquor) arak, baruni, madhu, daru, 
{proper pride) an, an-ban, ghairat, (meare- 
ing) faliwa-i-kalam : departing — , ramak: 
evil — , khabis, rachbas, rakslias : to — , 
diler *., jur'at d., chitina. 

Spirited, jaii-baz, jan-dar, rust, diler. 

Spiritedness, jan-bazi, jjn-dari, dileri. 

Spiritless, kam-bimmat,be-man,(rfe/ee<«/) 
be-dil : to he — , ji harna. 

Spirits, (/iyKor)daru, dar&ra, mudara, mad, 
sharab, bada, madra, mai, {souls) arwfili, 
nufQs : commanding evil — , {sulist.) liazi- 
rati : good — ,khush-dili,taza-dam,basha. 
shat : in — , {adj.) chak : in good — , {adj.) 
bashshash. 

Spiritual. (no/ temporal)i\m,{incorporeal) 
ruliani, be-jism ; — court, diiru-sh-shar": 
— guide or director, pir, guru, murshid. 

Spirituality, ruhaniyat. 

Distiller or vender of Si'irituoijs liquors, 
suiin. kalwfir, kalar. 

To Spirt, Spirtle, chhi^akna. 

Spissitude, gliil5?;at. 

Spit, ( for roasting) sikb : meat roasted on a 
— , fjikbiya-kabab: small — , sikh-cha : to 



SPO 

— , {meat, &;c.) guthna, gansna, gunthna, 
parona, {throw from the mouth) thukna, 
ugalna. What is Spit out, Sfc, ugal. 

Spite, kapat.kina, lag, bugbz,drob, dab, rasbk, 
ghun, kani: in — of, ala-r-ragbm, bar- 
-kliilaf, bar-Iks : to bum with — , dahna: 
to — , zidd i., kina rakhna. 

Spiteful, kina-war, kina-kash, dahi, drohi. 

Spitefulness, kina-wari, kina-kashi. 

SpiTTiNG-io.r, — pot, ugal-dan, pik-dan. 

Spittle, thuk.lu'ab, lal, lar, kaf, tuf, buzak. 

SpLASH,chhit,chhiQta : to — ,chbitki dalna, 
pank chhintna,aludai. SPLASHY,chihlaha. 

Spleen, (mitt) tilli,pila'i,supurz,tihal,(spz7e) 
kina, bughz, {melancholy) malalat : dis- 
order of the —, tap-tilli. 

Splendent, cbatkila, raunak-dar, mujalla. 

Splendid, jagmaga,tej man, jalwa-gar, cbat- 
kila, darafsban,rausban, raunak-dar, raunir. 

Splendour, (/iyA<)roslini,jila,jalwa,chamak, 
chamkahat, ujala, tajalli, bharak, darakli- 
shani, tab, jagjagahat, (^om^) jab-o-jalal, 
far, shaukat, uzak-tuzak, {beauty) sobha, 
raunak, kbush-numa'i, chbab : — of the 
countenance, lo'i. 

Splenetic, chirchira, tunuk-mizaj. 

Splenitis, tab-tilli. 

To Splice, santna, santbna. 

Splint, Splinter, chihla, tarasha, kbapacb, 
phaiis,(in a horse) motra, mothra : to have 
a — , (a horse) pai ana : to — , {v. n.) chit 
ukharna,reza reza A.,(«.a.)cbitta ukbarna, 
chQr k. Splints, {in surgery) patti. 

Split, (sMJs<.)sbigaf,cbak: to — , {v.n.)to lie 
— , phasakna, phatna, phatna, tarakna, 
phiitna, darakna, masakna, chatakna, 
chirna, shakk h., {v.a.) pharna, pbaskana, 
pborna, torna, chak k., chatkana, chirna, 
maskana : to — pulse, dalna ; to — to 
pieces, chihla k. : to cause to —, chirana. 

Splitting, (s?/Z'A7.)chir,dalan, fatr, {in com- 
pos.) shigaf. 

Spoil, {damage) bigri, {plunder) ghanimat, 
nahb, lut, yagbraa : to — , {v. n.) to be 
SpoiLED,binasna,kharabA.,bigarna,(».a.) 
khariib k., tor d., bigarna, abtar k., ujarna, 
{plunder) lutna, taraj k., ghanimat k., 
harna, (a child, Sfc.) sir par charhana. 

Spoiled, Spoilt, {adj.) kharab, tabs-nahs, 
tabah, abtar, chauf, henliena, (plundered) 
maslilb : — child, rand ka sand : to be 
— , bigarna, kasana, bhand A. 

SpoiLER,(/)/anderci-) lut-biiz, lutera, gharat- 
-gar. Spoke of a wheel, chakkar ka aja. 

Spoken, (part.) bola hii'a, kaha h&'a, gufta: 
— to, (person) mukhatab : to be — , uch- 
charna: to be— ill o/,khafif A.,badiiam h. 

Spokesman, ar?-begl. 

Spoliation, liit-sazl, ghiirat-gari. 

Spondias rnangifera, amrii. 



SPR 

Sponge, isfanj, mii'a-badal: — of a gun, 
puchara '.to — a gun, pucbara pherna. 

Sponger, har-degi-chamcha, ta'am-talash. 

Sponge-staff, sumla. Sponsor, (rarWy) 
zamin, (godfather) dharm-bap, (god- 
-mother) dharm-ma. 

Spontaneous, ikhtiyari, (in growth) khud- 
-rusta, khud-ro. Spontaneously, 

ap-hi-ap, ap se, khud-ba-kbiid. 

Spoon, chamcha, kafcha, donga, karcbhi : — 
with holes in it for sAi»!mraj,pona,paun5, 
kaf-gir : iron — , dabbii, karchhul : large 
— ,karchha, (to serve out food uith)\a.'hii- 
-bakhsh : wooden — , do'i, dawa. 

Spoonful, chamcha-bhar. 

Spoonmeat, lapsi, lapti, lapta. 

Sport, (play)hai\, bihar, la'b, lar, kel, khel, 
kalol, (chase) khetak, shikar, aher, (wild 
ani