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W. YATES, M. I). 









1 n 6fo 

R A /^' p 
21 1956 


The Hindustani or Urdu is peculiarly the language of the Muhammadan 
population of Hindustan, and is hence the most widely diffused of all the 
Indian dialects. The Bengali, Hindui, and Marhatta, although each the Ver- 
nacular idioms of many millious of men, are yet circumscribed within the 
limits of particular provinces, beyond which they are hardly known. But 
the Musalmans have spread over the whole of India, from north to south, 
and from east to west. They form a considerable proportion of the popu- 
lation of all the large towns, many of which indicate by their names a Mu- 
hammadan origin, as Shdh-jahan-abad, (Delhi,) Haider-abad, Murshid-abad, 
Ghazi-piir, &c. The Urdu is, moreover, as the name implies, the camp lan- 
guage of India ; a circumstance easily accounted for by the long supremacy 
of the Musalmans over this country. 

The origin and structure of this dialect may be briefly explained. The lan- 
guage spoken by the Hindu population of the North West Provinces at the 
"time of the first Muhammadan invasion, was the Hindui or Hindi, a language 
entirely distinct from the Urdu, although often confounded with it. That of 
tlie conquerors was the Persian. As the Musalmans settled in India, their 
descendants adopted the grammatical forms of the Hindui, retaining, in great 
measure, their own Persian and Arabic words. Hence the Urdu is often called 
the Rekhta, or Mixed language. Let the reader examine any good Urdii work, 
(as the Khirad Afroz for example,) and he will find that almost all the Nouns 
and Adjectives are Arabic or Persian. The Pronouns and Post-positions, the 
Auxiliary Verbs, as Kama, Ilona, &c., the Numerals, most of the Adverbs, 
many of the Prepositions, with a few nouns and adjectives, and a small number 
of simple Verbs, are from the Hindui. From this statement it is obvious that 
the relation of the Urdu to the Persian is precisely the same as that of the 
Persian to the Arabic. We may further illustrate the matter by a reference 
to the English. The language spoken in England at the time of the Norman 
invasion was the Anglo-Saxon, that of the conquerors, the Norman- French. 
From the mixture of these two the English language was formed, which iu 

( iv ) 

its grammatical forms is entirely Anglo-Saxon, but in the greater part of its 
words, is of French and Latin origin. We have therefore, the following 
parallel : — 

Latin. French. Anglo-Saxon. English. 

Arabic. Persian, Hindiii. Urdii. 

A few words are necessary to exj)lain the plan of the present work. It was 

the object of the compiler to present the students of this language with a 

work more suited to their wants than the ponderous and expensive quarto of 

Mr. Shakespeare. To effect this he has been guided by the following rules : — 

1 . All those words of Sanscrit or Hindui origin which are peculiar to Hin- 
dui and are never used in good Urdu writing or com'ersation have been 
excluded. Such words ought never to have been admitted into a Dictionary 
of this language, and their insertion has been owing to its being confounded 
•with the Ilindin. 

2. The derivations of Sanscrit and Hiudiii words have been omitted. They 
are of little use or interest except to the Sanscrit student, and may be found 
generally in Sanscrit dictionaries. The spelling of the words in Deb-niigari 
has also been omitted, as occupying too much space and being quite unneces- 
sary. The Urdii is seldom written in the Deb-nagari, that character being 
peculiar to the Sanscrit and Hindui. 

3. The derivations of the Arabic words have been given in an Appendix at 
the end of the work. This arrangement offers some advantages. A com- 
plete list is thus given of all the Arabic Roots whose derivatives are used in 
Urdii, together with the rules for the formation of those derivatives. In 
looking out a word in the Dictionary, one wishes to get at the meaning at once, 
and not to be delayed by the derivation. As the majority of the words in 
Urdu are of Arabic origin, the utiUty of this Appendix is obvious, since 
any one by mastering the list of roots and understanding the rules of deriva- 
tion, may easily remember the meaning of every Arabic word in the lan- 

In denoting the pronunciation of words by Roman letters, the system of 
Sir W. Jones, as it has lately been improved and adopted in this country, has 
been followed. In this system the consonants have generally the same 
sounds as in English, but the vowels are pronounced as in Italian. 

Calcutta, January, 1847. 


All words marked with an asterisk * have irregular Arabic plurals, 
which are to be found in Appendix No. 1. 

All words with^this mark t take the regular Arabic plurals, by- 
adding' c»! dtf as (*>^-^ plural oUiji'-J. 




I Alif is the firstletter of the Arabic 
and Persian Alphabets. It has four 
distinct sounds. 1. a (unaccented), 
corresponding to the Debnagri akar. 
2. &. (long), akar : it always has 
this sound when superscribed by the 
sign Madda. 3. i (short), ikar, when 
it has Kasr or Zer beneath. 4. u 
(short), ukar, when it has Zamm or 
Pesh above it. Also when followed 
by ye, the two together are pronounc- 
ed i, e, or ai, according to the vowel 
understood : followed by wau, the two 
are pronounced, in like manner, as o, 
tj, or au. In Abjad (the representa- 
tion of numbers by letters) Alif stands 
for one, and in Astronomy denotes 
the sign Taurus. 

In Arabic grammar Alif has many uses. 
1. To form the comparative of Ad- 
jectives, in which case it is prefixed, 
as fazil, afzal : sometimes it is insert- 
ed after the second radical, to form the 
superlative. 2. To form the Plu- 
ral of nouns. 3. To form the Accu- 
sative of certain nouns used as ad- 
verbs only in Hindustani, when it is 
added at the end. 4. To form the 
feminine of Adjectives as hamr (red), 

In Persian words it may be the Alif-i- 
wasli, which is liable to be cut 
oflF as Afsun or fasdn. At the 
end of words it may be the Alif- 
i-nida (sign of the vocative case), as 
Shah-a, O king ! — or as an interjec- 
tional sign, as Bad-a, How bad ! 
Khush-a, how good ! — or to form 
abstract nouns from adjectives, as 
Garma, Heat, from Garra, hot. Be- 
tween two words it denotes continui- 
ty, proximity, or conjunction, as Shab- 
a-shab, Sar-a-pa, &c. 

In Hindi words, at the end, it may be 
used to form the diminutives of nouns 
as Dibiya from Dibi : or adjectives 
from substantives, as Bhdkha, hung- 
ry, from Bhukh. 

v' Ab, adv. s. Now, presently, 
just now. 

v' Ab, s. m. A. A father — (con- 
tract, for Abu). 

vt Ab, s. m. p. 1. Water. 2. 
Splendour, lustre, elegance. 3. Dig- 
nity, honour, character. 4. Lustre 
or water in gems. 5. Temper of steel, 
edge or sharpness of a sword. 6. 
Mode, manner. 

Vl Iba, 8. m, A. Denial, refusing, 


( 2 ) 

Ut Xbi, s. plur. 0/ Abu, Fathers. 

Jj^W Abdbil, 5. m. A. A swallow. 

oa^lji Ibdhatj s.f. A. Giving liber- 
ty, permission. 

ibf A'bdd, cr. p. 1. Cultivated, 
inhabited, populous, 2. Pleasant, 
prosperous, happy, good, well ; well 
done ! In compos. A city, dwell- 
ing-place, abode, as llyder-dbdd, 
Hyder's-city. A'bdd kamd. To build, 
cultivate, render habitable or popu- 

wliljf i^badan, a. p. see Abad. 

i^Jloljf Abadani, s. f. p. A habita- 
tion ; a cultivated, populous, pleasant 
place; population, cultivation, pros- 
perity, abundance. 

t^tsljf Abadi, s.f. p. see Abadani. 

Ij^lff Ubarna, v. a. a. To set free. 

«ill^l Abak, a. s. Speechless. 

LiJ'ljf Ubakna, v. a. a. To vomit. 

liJOf Ubalna, v. a. s. To boil, to 
make boil. 

c»IjT Aban, s. p. The eighth Per- 
sion month, when the sun enters Scor- 

liljf Ubana, v. a. h. To sow, to 

4^IjT Abd-i, a. a. Belonging to or 
descending from one's ancestors ; 

o})^.^"^ Ab-i-baran, s. p. Rain- 
water J rain. 

iSJ^"^ Ab-bazi, s. f. p. Play or 
sport in water ; swimming. 

*i-«Jw>f Ab-i-basta, *. p. Glass. 

4yil*jT Ab-pashi, s. f. p. Sprink- 
ling water. 

e,l^y^t Ab-paikaran, s. p. The 

wlLt Ab-tab, s.f. P. Splendour. 
ul Ab-tab, adv. s. Presently. 
Abtab honi, To be on the point of 

1^1 Ibtida, *. /. a. Beginning, 


*!«>>AJi Ibtida-an, ac?w. a. In the 

beginning ; at first, firstly, in the 
first place. 
Jloiji Ibtizal, s. m. a. Vileness, 
baseness, meanness; carelessness in 
preserving any thing. 
^1 Abtar, a. a. Ruined, spoil- 
ed, worthless, without good qualities, 
dissolute, wanton, 
c^yjl Abtari, s. f. a. Worthless- 

j»LJu|. Ibtisam, s. m. a. A smiling, 

smile, gaiety, hilarity. 
i£Ji;l Ab-tak, -. 

JtUi.1 Ab-talak, l«^^- s- Till now, 
ci-jyuf Ab-tori, J *"^^^"°' >'^*- 
^^iji Ibtihaj, 5. m. a. Gladness, 

alacrity, cheerfulness. 
liH^J^I Ab-tain, adv. s. Till now. 
i:HH^I Ab-ten, arfw. s. From this 

time, henceforth, 
cs^^vt Ab-i-jari, s. p. Running 
water; a stream, rivulet; tears flow- 
<^-\ Abjad, s. m. a. A particular 
arrangement of the Arabic Alphabet ; 
the alphabet; a mode of denoting 
numbers by letters of the Alphabet. 
Abjad-khwdn, s. m. p. One who is 
learning the Alphabet. 
j^ Ab-jo, *. /. P. A stream, a 

(J>y^1 Ab-josh, s. p. Gravy, 

cs^t Ab-j6e, s. f. p. see Ab-jo. 

A'b-i-jo'e, The water of a rivulet. 
jv*a.u.T Ab-i-chashm, s. p. Water 

of the eyes ; tears. 
iJ^I Ab-chashi, s. f. p. The 
giving drink to a child for the first 
time (generally when about six months 
do), preparatory to weaning. 

( 3 ) 


j»l^of j^b-i-haram, s. p. Wine; 
the tears of a person who weeps hy- 
pocritically ; crocodile-tears. 

o^a.ujf ^b-i-hasrat, s. p. Water 
of desire ; wish, appetite, longing. 

ci»Ujk.v_,T ^b-i-hayat, s. p. Water 
of life ; the fountain of life. 

w!>i^v1^ iV^b-i-haiwan, s. p. Water 
of life; name of the fabulous foun- 
tain of immortality. 

«jli^f j^b-khatia, s. p. A repository 
of water. 

X/sfc?l Abkhira^ s. plur. of Bukhar, 
A. Vapours, exhalations, perfumes. 

cu-oE^T Ab-khust, s. P. Dry land 
in the midst of waters, an island. 

cls^l Abkhal, a. compar. o/.Bakhil, 
A. More, most or very covetous. 

j>^T Ab-khur, s. p. -\ Drinking 

.>^>s:^f Ab-khurd, *. P.J and eat- 
ing ; victuals ; fortune, destiny. 

«i^sr!T Ab-khura, s. v. A narrow- 
mouthed vessel for drinking out of, 
a cup for drinking water. 
>i!^T Ab-khez, s. p. 1. A soil in 
which water rises up if dug into but 
little. 2. A swell of water. 

<^\ Abad, s. m. a. Eternity, with- 
out end. 

l«i>j| Abadan, adv. a. Eternally, 

jlt^t Ab-dar, s. m. p. The servant 
who takes charge of the water for 
drinking ; any thing full of water or 
splendour, as fruits, jewels, pearls, 
swords, a. Polished, clear, of a good 
water (as gems) ; well tempered, 
sharp. A'b-ddr-khdna, s. Tlie place 
where the A'bdar keeps the drinking 

cfjl'^jf Ab-dari, s. f. p. Brilliancy ; 
temper or polish ; sharpness. 

^I<>ji Ibdaa, s. m. a. The produc- 
tion of something new; invention. 

B 2 

J^i^.i Ibdal, s. m. a. Change, ex- 
change, substitution. 

JI«iol Abdal, s. m.plur. ofdj<^_, a. 
A religious person, devotee, enthu- 

*i|*\jf Ab-dana, s. m. v. Drink 
and food. 

o.*i^f Ab-dast, s. m. p. Water 
for washing the hands; the act of 
washing the hands ; a guiltless faqir; 
a masterly workman who imparts 
lustre to his work. a. Having pure 

ii^(.>j^v1^ Ab-i-dandan, Sharpness 
and polish of the teeth. A'b-danddn, 
s. Watering of the mouth ; weakness, 
trouble, crime or fault ; a kind of pea, 
a kind of pomegranate, a kind of 
sweetmeat, a. Bad, weak, subjected, 
silly, base, in vain, useless. 

(^^^"^ Ab-i-dahan, s. p. Water 
of the mouth ; spittle. 

C5«V' Abadi, a. a. Eternal, with- 
out end. 

jsaj^vT i^b-i-dida, *. p. Tears. 

A'b-dida, a. In tears, weeping. 
^1 Abr, s. m. p. A cloud. Abr-i- 

siydh, A black cloud. Abr-i-ghaltz, 

A thick cloud. 
1^1 Abra, s. m, p. The outer fold 

of a double garment (distinguished 

from Astar, the lining). 

jLr^l Abrar, s. plur. a. Just, holy, 
pious men ; dutiful (to parents). 

^\yX Ibratn, *. m. a. Solicitation, 
entreaty, urgency, distressing. 

^^^yX Ibrahim, n. prop. a. Abra- 

«i/j| Abrad, a. compar. of nji^ a. 
Colder, very cold. 

ue.Hl Abras, a. a. Leprous, hav- 
ing the leprosy. 

{jj^\ Abraq, a. 

^y} Abr 

iq, A. "^ 

.^l^^g j*. m.Talc, mica. 

( 4 ) 

jji\ Abni, *. /. p. The eye-brow. 

4^f Kh-ru, s. f. p. Honour, cha- 
racter, renown, elegance. Name of 
a poet. A. utirni, v. a. To dishonour, 
to disgrace. A. barbdd deni. To lose 
one's own character or to destroy 
that of another. A. par gir'ih mdrni, 
V. a. To frown. A. deni, v. a. To im- 
part honour or reputation to any one 
or to lose one's own. A. karni, v. a. 
To treat with respect. A. leni, v. a. 
To take away character or reputa- 

e>!jt>vt Xb-i-rawan, *. p. Running 
water, a fountain ; the sky ; a sort of 
extremely fine muslin. 

%y\ Abra, *. m. p. see \J^ . 

isy} Abri, a. p. Clouded, varie- 
gated. Abri-kaghaz, A kind of thick 
and shining paper clouded, (from 

^&i^^ Abresham or Abresham, 
s. m. p. Silk, sewing silk, raw silk. 

,j*^yj Abreshmi, a. p. Silken, 
of silk. 

(3irJi Ibriq, s. m. a. An ewer. 

J5|;v1^ Ab-i-zulal, s. p. Pure, lim- 
pid, wholesome water. 

JLjT Absal, s. m. p. A vineyard, 
a garden. 

<>^1 Abist or Abistan, a. p. 

Pregnant, with young. 
*a«~jT Abista, a. p. Pregnant, with 

young; newly-born (a child). 
iJ^I Abistagi, s.f. p.") Preg- 
yii-ot Abistaiii, 5./. pj nancy. 
ir*"v1^ Ab-i-sard, s. p. Cold 

lA<~jf Ubasna, v. n. s. To rot, to 

jj^ts^l Ab-se-dur, interj. s. p. 

Far be it from us ! 
jLiot Ab-shar, s. /. p. A waterfall, 

cascade, cataract. 
^/•U-iot Ab-shinas, s. m. p. The 

sailor who heaves the lead in sound- 
jj^^l Ab-i-shor, s. p. Brackish 
water, salt or sea water. 

Sjyi>^'^ Ab-shora, s. p. Water 
cooled with saltpetre. 

)^\ Absar, s. plur. of Basar, a. 
Eyes, sights, understanding. 

Jl^l Ibtal, *. m. A. Abolition, act 
of destroying or annihilating. 

cUwl Abtal, a. compar. of ^Mcb, a. 
More or most vain or fruitless. 

^\ Abad, a. compar. of <>Jt*j^ a. 
More distant. 

^jL^U\ Ab-i-ashrat, s. p. Wine, 
sherbet ; semen. 

l«Jl Ibqa, s. m. a. Rendering per- 
manent, confirmation, establishment, 

^( Ab-ka, a. s. Of the present 
time ; now. 

j^l Ab-kar, s. m. p. A water- 
carrier, a distiller, a wine-merchant 
or spirit -retailer; a drinker of wine. 

tfj'^T Ab-kari, *. /. p. The busi- 
ness of an Abkar ; a duty or excise 
levied on Distilleries. 

t^'^jf Ubka-i, s. f s. The act of 

{J^!i Ab-kash, s. m. p. A drawer 
of water. 

Lixjf Ubakna, v. n. s. To vomit. 
yj^^l Ab-i-kausar, s. p. The 
water of the river Kausar fabled to 
flow in Paradise with milk or nectar. 

t5^l Abke, adv. s. Now. 

jlo^._^t Ab-guzar, *. m. p. A water- 
passer, an expeditious messenger, a 
courier ; a passage of a river, a ford. 

(^v1^ Ab-i-garm, s. p. Warm 

'■^i^jS^'^ Ab-i-gosht, *. p. Gravy, 
broth, water in which meat has been 
boiled down. 

( 5 ) 

^j^t ^b-gir, s. p. A receptacle 

of water, a lake. 

*iA^f X.bgma,j s. m. p. Glass, a 
mirror, a drinking glass ; wine ; a 

iL>f Abila, s. m, p. see ^^t. 

p ^i Iblagh, s. m. A. Causing to 
arrive, conveying, sending. 

Ij^f Ublana, v. a. s. To cause to 

^}U Ablaq, a. a. Piebald, white 
and black, party-coloured. 

UJjI Ablaqa, *. m. a. A bird of 
the maind kind, a starling. 

liljf Ubalna, v. n. s. To boil. 

^jf i^bila,5. m.p.Ablister. A. pa, 
a. Having blistered feet. A. pat, 
s.f. The condition of having blister- 
ed feet. A.-i-farang, s. m. The French 
pox, a bubo. 

aIjI Ablah, a. a. Foolish, silly, 
ignorant, bashful. 

4*t^l Ablahi, s. f. a. Folly, silli- 

ijo^X Iblis, s. m, A. The devil. 

{^\ Ibn,* s. m. A. A son. 

Lijl Abna, *. jo^wr. 0/ Ibn, Sons. 
A.-i-jins, s. plur. Of the same quality 
or rank; comrades, companions, 
equals. A.-i-dahr, and A.-i-rozgdr, s. 
plur. Contemporaries. 

ikj iiHl Ibn ziyad, n. prop. A go- 
vernor of K(ifa and a great enemy of 
the sect of Ali. 

}i/>^^^ Ab-i-nuqra, 5. p. Quick- 
silver; silver reduced by any men- 
struum to a liquid state. 

(j^f i^bnus, s. m. p. Ebony. 

,^^t Abnusi, a. p. Made of 

^t Ab-nai, s. p. The perpendi- 
cular tube of the huqqd on which the 
chilam is placed. 

^1 Abii,* s. tn. A. Father. In 
compos. Possessing, having. 

(S^\y\ Abii-l-fazal, n. prop. a. 
Name of the secretary of Akbar. 

^JjjI Abii-bakr, n. prop, (father 

of the virgin.) The father-in-law and 
first successor to Muhammad. 

vLH^I Abu-turab, n. prop. a. Ali, 
the son-in-law of Muhammad. 

<-^t^>?l Abii-jahl, n. prop, (father 
of ignorance.) An uncle of Muham- 

?/jykjj| Abu-huraira, n. prop, (fa- 
ther of the cat or possessor of a cat.) 
One of the companions of Muham- 

vLrJ' Abwab, s. plur. of Bab, a. 
Doors ; chapters. 

H^y.\ A-bujh, a. s. Stupid. 

U^' A-bujha, a. s. Not under- 
stood, incomprehensible. 

J^jI Abol, a. H. Silent. 

isy,\ Abwi, a. a. Paternal. 

I^Ajyf Ab-0-hawa, s. f. p. Water 
and air; climate. 

j^jf Ubhar, s. m. s. Swelling, 
plumpness, tumefaction. 

bjLjjf Ubharna, v. a. s. To plump 
up, raise up, excite, persuade. 

Ck^.l Ibham, s. a. The thumb; 
suspicion, ambiguity, a. Covered, 
concealed, unknown. 

ci^l Abhrak, s. m. s. Talc (a 

Ijj^l Ubharnd, v. n. s. To swell, 
rise up, overflow ; to unload. 

t^-8J| Abhi, adv. s. Just now, ex- 
actly now, immediately. 

^JS Kbi, a. p. Watery, of or be- 
longing to the water, aquatick, moist. 

c»Lwl Abyat, s. plur. of Bait, a. 
Houses ; distichs or verses. 

cfjljjf Ab-yari, s. f. p. Irrigation, 

iJ^' ^1 Xb-i-yakhni, s. p. Water 
" in which meat has been boiled ; gravy. 


( 6 ) 


^JOi^\ Ahydz,a.compar.ofLf^i:i a. 
Whiter, more or most splendid or 

yf Kp, pron. s. Self, selves ; 
yourself; you Sir, (used instead of 
the 2nd personal pron. respectfully.) 

jIjI Ipir, s. P. Thyme, wiU mar- 

lijijf Uparna, v. a. h. To root up, 
extirpate, eradicate. 

^^ Upana, v. a. s. To adopt as 
an expedient or remedy ; to contrive, 

jljf Upao, ~\s. m. s. Expedient, 

^bfUpaijJ plan, contrivance, 
redress, remedy. 

IJjji Uparna, v. n. n. To be root- 
ed up, pulled out, skinned. 

^f Upaj, s.f. H. The burthen of 
a song, the chorus. 

VJts^jf Upjana, v. a. s. To produce, 
to make to grow. 

tis^f Upajna, v, n. s. To spring 

up, to grow, to be produced. 
5[/jf Uparla, a. s. Superficial ; the 

outside of a garment (opposed to the 

U;jf Uparna, s. m. s. A scarf. 
Ljjf Uparna, v. n. s. To be rooted 

or pulled out, to be skinned. 

«j*jT Apas, pron. recip. s. Them- 
selves, one another ; hence, s.f. Kin- 
dred, brotherhood, fellowship. 

ij^l Upas, s. f. s. Stink, stale- 
ness, putrefaction, rottenness. 

U-jf Upasna, v. n. s. To become 
musty, to rot. 

ibf Upla, or Upli, s. m. or /. 
Cakes of dried cow-dung. 

tjjt Apan, pron. recip. s. Self, 
tijf Apna, apni, pron. poss. s. Of, 

or belonging to self, own. 
liliji Apna-na, v. a. s. To make a 

thing one's own ; to convert to one's 

own use. 
ooUjI Apna-yat, s. f. s. Family, 

relations, kindred. 
tJJ^f Uphanna, v. n. s.Toboil over. 
^Ti^phii, -I 

f^t^^phim, r-f' «• ^P^"°^- 

e>T Xty or ^ta, s.m. s. Custard- 
apple, (Annona squamosa, &c.) 
^l Ita, a. m. e. This much, &c. 

See Itna, 

I3l Ata, s. m. t. Father.- 

«-^IjI Ata-bag, s. m. t. A master, 
teacher ; a title given to kings and 

jljf Utar, s. m. s. Descent. Utdr 
dend, v. a. To bring down; to dis- 
grace, to dishonour. 

(;l3f Utara, s. m. s. A descent ; 
disgrace, degradation ; cast oflF 
clothes ; ransom, self-devotion ; an 

IJjljf Utarna, v. a. s. To cause to 
alight, to bring down ; to degrade ; 
to take oflF; to tear, cut, or break oflf; 
to make a return or recompense. 
Utdre hue, Engaged with a desperate 
resolution in any thing (like troopers 
who dismount to fight on foot, resolv- 
ing to conquer or die). 

(3^Gl Ataliq, s. m. r. A private 


iJ^G\ Ataliqi, s. f. t. Private 

JjOf Utawal, s. f. h. See UtaoH, 

^j^l Utaola, a. m.u. Swift, preci- 
pitate, rash. 

JjGl Utiioli, a.f. H. Swift, &c. s. 
f. Haste, speed, rashness. 

<i^i Ittihad, s. m. a. Union, con- 
cord, friendship. 

y1 Uttar, s. m. s. The north, a. 
Northern, superior, latter, posterior. 

lyi Uttara, a. s. Northern, nor-, 
therly. s. /. Northwind. 


( 7 ) 


tiJiyI Atrdk, s.plur. of^y^ Turks. 

IJi/jf Utrana, v. a. s. To cause to 
take or pull down ; to boil over. 

c^lyf Uttarayan,5. m. s. Northing. 

Ijyf Utarna, v. n. To descend, 
alight ; to subside, decrease ; to pass 
over, to go off, to fall off, to decay, 
to fall in value or dignity, &c. 

lJ!4/»f Utarwandj v, a. s. To cause 
to descend or alight. 

<^l Atasi, s. f. s. Flax. 

ut3f Atashj *./. p. Fire. 

3v*'cr^^ -^tash-afroz, a. p. Kind- 
ling fire. s. Fuel ; an incendiary. 

(^lo^T i^tash-afgan,"^ «. p. 

e>^t^t Atash-figan, J Throw- 
ing fire. 

jlJol4_^TiLtash-andaz, a. P. Cast- 
ing out fire. 
Jjf^l(JijT iitash-angezj a. v. Kind- 
ling, spreading, or stirring up fire. s. 
Fire-kindler, an incendiary, a sedi- 
tious person. 

jbjjijf Atash-bar, a. p. Flaming, 
fiery, raining fire. s. A firelock, a 

jlxijf Xtash-baz, s. m. p. A maker 
or player of fire-works. 

C5jUA3t Atash-bazi, s. f. p. Exhi- 
bition of fire-works. 

8jL*Jt j^tash-para, s. m. p. A 
spark, a lighted coal; a beautiful 
person ; an exciter of quarrels ; quar- 

*£*j^j>^'i A^tash-parast, *. m. p. 
A fire-worshipper, a guebre, 

^^jLya^jf Xtash-parasti, s. f. p. 
The worship of fire. 

j\js^ Atash-khwar, s. m. p. 
Name of a bird, a variety of Tetrao 
Rufus, called in Hindi Chakor. 

ejl.^.Sof Atash-ddn, *. p. A chaf- 
ing-dish, a fire-place, any receptacle 
for fire. 

_>j/ijT A'tash-rez, a. p. Pouring 
out fire ; an incendiary, an exciter of 

^Jyy^^"^ Atash-zadagi, s. f, p. 
Combustion, firing of houses. 

ijij-^l Atash-zani, s. f. p. Strik- 
ing fire. 

4yli«wiJT A'tash-i-stan, s. f. p. The 
region of fire; a place where fire 
abounds ; a hot fire of cannon or 
small arras in battle ; a large fire, a 
funeral pile. 

ytxl. l T Atash-taba, a. p. Fiery- 

^£^1 Atashak, s. /. p. The vene- 
real disease. 

li^SJLi] Atash-kada, s. m. p. A 
furnace, grate, chimney, a temple of 

^l3-»-ijf Atash-mizaj, a. p. Fiery- 
tempered, [hot. 

vJti^f Atash-nak, a. p. Fiery, 

t^t Atashi or Atashin, a. p. 

" Fiery, hot, irascible. A'tasUn db, 

sjlaj[ Ittisaf, s. m. a. Descrip- 
tion, qualification, praise, excellence. 

JLaj^ Ittisal, s. m. a. Conjunc- 
tion, adhesion, union, continuity, at- 
tachment, neighbourhood, contiguity. 

ol^^i Ittifaq, 8, m. a. J . Agree- 
ment, equality, concord, friendship, 
similarity of disposition. 2. Chance, 
fortune, accident, incident, success, 
opportunity, probability. I.-i-hasana, 
Unexpected good fortune, agreeable 
accidents. I. kamd. To accord ; to 
happen. J. hond, To happen, to be 

G\s6l Ittifaqan, adv, a. Accident- 
ally, by chance. 

olilA>l Ittifdqdt, s. m. A. plur. of 

iJ^i Ittifaqi, a. a. Accidental. 


( 8 ) 


IajI Ittiqa, s. m. a. Avoiding, 
shunning ; abstaining from evil ; 

IjAjI Atqiya, s.plur. of^, a. Re- 
ligious men, devotees. 

dCf Utkal, n. prop. s. A name 
of the province of Orissa. 

^1 Atamni, a. compar. of Tamm, 
More or most perfect. 

(•U3i Itmain, *. m. a. Rendering 
perfect, completion, accomplishment. 

Lui Itna, a. m. h. As much as 
this, thus much. 

lijf Utna, a. m. h. As much as 
that, so much. 

y\ Uttu, 5. m. H. Plaits of cloth. 
U. kamd. To plait. 

y1 Atu, s.f.H. A female teach- 
er or governess. 

^lyi Itwar, s. m. s. Sunday. 

tfr»' A-thd, or A-thah, a. s. Bot- 
tomless, unfathomable. 

j»l^3i Ittiham, s. m. a. Suspicion, 

impeachment, accusation, censure. 
M Uthla, a. s. Shallow, 
ij^f Uthlana, v. a. s. To cause 

to turn over or overset. 
lU^f Uthalna, v. n. s. To turn 

over, overset. 
*-Xj3| Itek, a. H. So much, thus 

much. I.-men, In the meantime. 

If Ata, s. tn. H. Flour, meal. 

Ij^l Atkana, v. a. s. To stop, 
prevent, hinder, restrain, detain. 

jWl Atkao, *. m. s. Stop, preven- 
tion, hindrance. • 

J^l Atkal, s. f. s. Guess, conjec- 

liA^i Atkalna, v. n. s. To guess, 
conjecture, judge, think. 

li^l Atakna, v. n. s. To be stop- 
ped, prevented ; to adhere, stick 
stop, cease, rest. 

liJi Atna, V. n. H. To be contain- 
ed, filled, filled up, 

«45T Ath, a. s. Eight. J'fh dth 
ansa rond, To shed floods of tears, to 
weep exceedingly. A'th pahar. All the 
24 hours, constantly. A'th khambd, 
A canopy supported by eight posts. 

4,54^ l«jf Utha-baithi, *. /. s. h. 
Act of frequently rising up and sit- 
ting down, inconstancy. 

8jl«j| Atharah, a. num. s. Eigh- 
teen. Athdrah-bdr, Various, of dif- 
ferent sorts. 

(^l^t Athasi, a. num. s. Eighty- 

lyLsjf Uthan, s. m. a. An area or 
court, s.f. Act of appearing. 

Iil«jf Uthana, v. a. s. To lift or 
raise up, to excite, to take away, to 
abolish, to remove, to carry, to bear, 
to support, to receive, to suffer, to 
exhibit, to contract debts, or pur- 
chase on credit, to expend. 

c$yUjl Athanavwe, a. num. s. 
Ninety-eight. [eight. 

4y>l«j| Athawan, a. num. s. Fifty- 

O^^f Athais, a. num. s. Twen- 

iri^jy Wjf Uthai-gira, s. m. s. p. 
A pilferer, purloin er, petty thief. 

Vjrf*«5f Uth-baith, *./. s. h. 1. 
Restlessness. 2. A kind of exercise. 

ij^^\ Athtalis, a. s. Forty- 

u*^' Athti's, a. s. Thirty-eight. 

*«i-«jl Athsath, a. s. Sixty -eight. 

^H^f Uthna, v. n. s. To rise up, 
to be abolished. 

!;[>^l Athwara, f . m. s. The eighth 
day after any other ; a week. 

til^f Uthwana, v. a. s. To cause 
to lift or raise up, &c. 

>^i A^hhattar, a. s. Seventy- 

( 9 ) 


•i^lJI Asas^ s. plur. a. Household 
furniture, wealth, goods, money, 
slaves, catties. Asds-ul-bait, House- 
hold furniture. 

AJ'lJI Asasa^ s. a. see Asas. 

jljf Asar, s.plur. ofji\, a. Signs, 
marks traces, vestiges ; histories, 
traditions (of Muhammad), memora- 
ble events. 

,ylJl Asami, s. m. a. A culprit, 
a defendant in a law suit. 

oUi'i Isbut, s. a. Confirmation, 
proof, affirmation, certain knowledge. 
(The gender of this word depends 
on that of the object). 

ji\ Asar,* s. m. a. A mark, sign, 
trace, impression, effect. 

clJwl Asqal, a. compar. of ti-i^, a. 
Heavier or heaviest, very heavy. 

UjI Asna, s. m, a. The middle, 
interstice, interval ; folds or plaits. 
Asnd-i-rdh, In the middle of the 
road, whilst travelling. 

j^H^l Isna-ashar, a. Twelve ; 
the twelve Imams. Isnd qshari, a. 
Relating to the twelve Imams. 

^1 Asir, A. 1. part. Marking, 
marked, chosen. 2. s. Other. 

^t Aj, adv. s. To-day. Aj-kal, 
Now-a-days, to-day or to-morrow. 
Kj-kal karnd, or batdnd, To procras- 
t^T Aja, s. m. s. A paternal grand- 
ooLj.1. Ijabat, s. f. a. Answering 
(of prayer or a petition), consent, ap- 
probation, compliance. 
iSjM Ijara, 8. m. a. I. Hire, 
rent ; a privilege or income of varia- 
ble amount sold or let for a fixed 
sum. 2. A farm. 

jl^jfjUl Ijara-ddr, s. m. a. p. A 
farmer of land or of revenue ; one 
who has piuchascd the labour of 
another j the holder of a monopoly. 

jUf Ujar, a. s. Desert, desolate. 

tjjla.f Ujarna, v. a. s. To lay waste, 

to desolate, injure, expose to loss. 

viijl^i Ijazat, s. f. A. Permission, 
leave, dispensation, sanction, com- 
mands, orders. Ijdzat-khwdk, Asking 

J/l^f Ujala, s. m. and Ujali, s.f. s. 
Splendour, brightness, light. 

t^l^f Ujalna, v. a. s. To cleanse, 
to polish. 

cjM A-jan, a. s. Ignorant ; sim- 
ple, innocent, careless. 

tJ'^T A-jana, v. n. s. To come 
(suddenly) ; to befall, happen. 

^La.1 A-jani, s.f. s. Ignorance, 

^UI^j. Ijtima, s. m. a. I, Act of 
assembling ; agreeing together (ini 
opinion). 2. Conjunction (in astro- 

v_.Uxai.i Ijtinab, s. m. a. Turnhig 
aside from, avoiding ; abstinence, 

^l^i^i Ijtihad, s. m. a. Exer- 
tion, effort. 

^lAa.1 Ajdad, s. plur. of J iid<}, A. 

^! Ajr, s. m. A. Retribution, re- 
ward of good or bad actions; hire, 

l/a-i Ijra, s. m. A. Performance. 
/. karnu. To perform. 

(•Lr^l Ajram, s. plur. of Jirm, A. 

o^t Ujrat, s. f. A. Reward, 
wages, hire. 

IJj^f Ujarna, v. n. u. To become 
desolate. Ujrd-juijfd, In ruins, deso- 

Ulj(ji.f Ujarwana, v. a. s. To cause 
to be laid waste. 

!>^l Aj/.d, s. 2)lur. o/ Juz, A. Ptu-ts, 

( 10 ) 


iUai.1 Ajsad, s. plur. of Jasad, a. 

I«L«A.| Ajsam, s. plur. of Jism, a. 

cU-l Ajal, s. f. A. The term of 
life, death, the hour of death, the 
predestined time of death ; a stated 
time, delay, respite, period for the 
payment of a debt. Ajal-rasida, 
Overtaken by fate. Ajal-girifta, On 
the point of death, in the jaws of 

cJ^I Ajallj* a. compar. ofO^j a. 
More or most glorious. 

(Js'f Ujjal, a. s. Clear, pure, shin- 
ing, blown, expanded. 

4j*lUj. IjlaSj s. f. A. Sitting, 
causing to sit. 

«J)1^I Ajlaf, s. plur. of Jalaf, a. 
Vile, ignoble, unjust persons. 

JlU.1 Ijlal, s. in. A. The bestow- 
ing or acknowledging of greatness ; 
magnificence, glory, honour, re- 

li)Uf Ujlana, v. a. s. To cause to 

Li^^f Ujahia, v. «. s. To become 
clean, to shine, to be bright. 

*1a.I Ajilla, s. plur. of *S^, A. 
Illustrious men. 

^U^i Ijma, s. in. a. Act of as- 
sembling, an assembly, a senate, coun- 
cil, court of justice, a crowd, collec- 
tion, amount, whole. Jjmd-i-ummat, 
s. m. General assembly of the people, 
unanimous consent, 

JU^I, Ijmal, s. in. a. An abstract, 
compendious account, synopsis. 

^JUAl Ijmali, a. a. Abridged, 

lyA***-! Ajma-in, s. plur. o/Ajma, 
A. The whole, altogether. 

cU^I Ajmal, a. compar. of Ui^^, 
A. More or most beautiful. 

Sj^ ^Ajniud, p. Ajmoda, s. 

\cj^:>,\J s. m. Parsley, common 
carroway, a kind of lovage . 

j^li.a.1 Ajnas, s. plur. o/Jins, a. 1 . 
Kinds, sorts, species. 2. Goods, chat- 
tels, merchandize. 

V^i^t Ajnab, '\a. a. Foreign, 

^i^l AjnabijJ strange, un- 
known (person). 

o-xxiA.1 Ajnabiyat, s.f. a. Strange- 
ness ; the state of a foreigner. 

*j^l Ajinna, s. plur. of Janin, a. 
Embryos, foetuses. 

^^ji^l Ajwayan, s.f. ii. The seed 
of a plant of the dill kind (Ligusti- 
cum ajowan). 

l^j^a.! A-jutha, a. s. Untouched, 

%^' Ajura, s. m. a. Hire, rent, 
wages, fare, reward. Ajiira-dur, s. m. 
A labourer for hire. 

LiJt^ Ujhalna, v. a. s. To pour 
from one vessel into another. 

J^ I Ajhal, a. compar. of cUL*.^ a. 
More, most, or very ignorant. 

iiX^ Ujhalna, v. n. 1 To flow or 
be poured from one vessel into an- 
other 2. s. s. as Ujhalna. 

j«^l Aji, interj. h. An interjec- 
tion to call or bespeak attention. 

<io^l Ajyad, a. compar. of <>>>., a. 

Very good, excellent. 
yi^\ Ajir, s. m. a. A slave, a 
hired servant. 

eHt^t Ujjain, s. in. s. Name of a 
city in Malwa (Oojein). 

jl^T Xchar, s. m. s. Pickles. 
(i;l^f Uchchan, s.f. s. Height. 
«^^Ia.I Achanchak,! adv. h. Sud- 
(^La.! Achanak, j denly, un- 
awares, unexpectedly, 
^-^ir^f Uchrang, s. m, h. A moth. 


{ 11 ) 


^f Uchakka, s. m. u. A thief, a 

l>Ku.1 Uchkana, v. a. ii. To lift or 
raise up. 

^^f Uchakna, v. n. ii. To rise 
up, to be raised or lifted. 

^/^1 Uchakki, s. /. ii. A female 
thief, &c. 

(.gx^l -^ Acharabha, s. m. H.Won- 

LfAXa.! J derful thing ; astonish- 
ment, cause of astonishment. 

«^ja.l A-chuk, a. ii. Unerring; a 
good marksman. 

l^^l Achchhaj a. s. Good, excel- 
lent, righteous, healthy, well, sound. 
A. karnd, To cure. A. hond, To recover. 
A. lagnd. To become, beseem, be 

UJl^f^f Uchhalna, v. a. s. To 
throw up ; to toss up any thing (as a 
ball) and catch it in the hand. 

l>J^f Uchhalna, v. n. ii. To leap 
or bound, to spring up, to fly up. 

iJ^.y^\ Achhwiim, 5. /. ii. Caudle. 

^^j,ft.i A-chain, a. ii. Uneasy, un- 

^f Uh, interj. a. An exclama- 
tion denoting pain. 

oila^l Ahad, s.plu7'. of'^sJ, a. The 
units, ones. 

^Jv^Ia-I Ahadis, 5./.^j/Mr. o/.^*>^, 
A. Traditions (particularly of Mu- 

aIsIa-I Ihata, s.f. a. A surround- 
ing ; an enclosure, a fence ; compre- 
hension, compass ; besieging. 

<-AA.I Ahabb, a. compar. of V^^, 
A. Very beloved, lovely, or amiable j 
a friend. 

l^t Ahibba, "^^.j^/wr-o/vi^j a. 

»_.Ua.i AhbabjJ Friends, lovers, 

^Ijia-i Ihtiraz, s. m. a. Absti- 
c 2 

nence, regimen, abstaining from im- 
proper actions, forbearance, control- 
ling the passions. 

(*LH^i Ihtiram, s. m. a. Act of 
honouring, veneration, reverence ; 
treating with respect. 

ujLJLs>.i Ihtisab, s. m. A. 1. Making 
up accounts, estimating. 2. Superin- 
tendence of police, prohibition. 

j^LioA-i Ihtisham, s. m. a. Pomp, 
retinue, magnificence. 

l«iUa,I Ihtilam, s. m. a. Nocturnal 

JUiswi Ihtimal, s. m. A. Act of 
bearing or supporting; doubt, un- 
certainty; probability. J. hond. To 
be probable. /. karnd. To doubt; 
to impute. 

^"^l Ihtiyajjt s.f. a. Necessity, 
want, occasion, need. 

oLa.UlA.j. Ihtiyajat, 5. />ZMr. o/Ihti- 
yaj. Requisite things, wants, necessa- 

JsliW Ihtiyat, s. f. a. Caution, 
circumspection, foresight, scrupu- 
lousness, care. 

<xa.t Ahad,* s. A. Unity, one, an 

(1.1 j^i Ihdas, s. m. a. Act of pro- 
ducing or making any thing new, 

C5«>^l Ahdf, s. m. p. A sort of 

oj<X2wt Aliadiyat, s. f. a. Unity, 
the being singular. 

oLr^I Ihraq, s. m. a. Act of burn- 
ing or setting on fire. 

(*!^-a.i Ihram, s. m. a. Act of for- 
bidding or interdicting, putting on 
the pilgrim's habit, determination or 

ejUoi.| Ihsan, s. m. a. Beneficence 
benevolence, beneficient actions, 
favour, courtesy, kindness. /. karnd. 
To oblige, l.-mund, a. Grateful, 

( 12 ) 


^J»^\ Ahsan, a. compar. of t^-^, 
A. More or most beautiful, excellent, 

osjwa.1 Alisant, adv. a. Bravo ! 

well done ! 
jUoa.]. Ihzar, s. m. a. Act of caus- 
ing to be present; summoning; a 

(^\ Ahaqq, a. compar. of (JHt^^ 
A. More or most proper or deserving. 

(i^a^J. Ihqaq, s. m. A. Act of 
proving or establishing the truth of 
a doctrine, restoring to rights, ad- 
ministration of justice. 

^^1 Ahqar, a. compar. of .j^, 
A. More or most contemptible. 

j»Ka.l Ahkdin, s. plur. 0/ Hukm, 
Orders, commands, decrees. 

f^\ Ahkam, a. compar. of^*^, 
A. Stronger, firmer, more stable, very 

A*A.I Ahmad, a. compar. of <^*^j 
A. More or most praise-worthy or 
commendable, n. prop. Name of Mu- 
hammad and of others. 

^Jiy^s..\ Ahmadi, a. a. Belonging 
to Ahmad. 

^bT.y»A.| Ahmad-abad, s. a. p. 
Name of a city in Gujrat. 

^■^1 Ahmar, a. a. Red. 

(J*^\ Ahmaq, a. a. Very or most 
foolish ; a fool, blockhead. 

4^\A»a.l Ahmaq-apan, s. m. A. n. 
Folly, stupidity. 

AjlLt^t Ahmaq-ana, adv. a. Fool- 
ishly, stupidly. Figuratively this 
word is applied to the money which 
an A'mil is obliged to pay to make 
good the deficiency of the revenue. 

li^wtu^! Ahmaq-pan, s. m. a. h. 

See Ahmaq-apan. 
t^^jvl Ahmaqi, s. f. a. Folly. 
Jl^ Ahwal, s. m. plur. of Hal, 

A. Condition, circumstances, events, 

occurrences, state, account. A. bat- 
land. To state one's condition. A. 
pursdn and purst, Asking after health, 
circumstances, &c. 

JyJ Ahwal, a. a. Squinting, one 
who sees objects double. 

i*:^^ Ahya, s. plur. of ,^3 a. The 
living. Ihya, s. m. Act of giving life, 
saving, preserving. 

IJl^^l Ahyanan, adv. a. Some- 
times, now and then, from time to 
time; in the event, in case, should. 

^1 Akh,* s. m. A. Brother. Ukh, 
Imitative sound of coughing. Akh 
Akh, An exclamation of joy, Ah ! 

La.1 Akhkha, inter j. a. An excla- 
mation of surprize. Ah ! 

j4>^' Akhbar, 5. j9/wr. 0/ Khabar, 
A. News, a news-paper. Ikhbdr, s. m. 
Act of giving intelligence or informa- 

.i^l Akhbas, a, compar. of>:>*;i£>'f 
A. Very impure or contemptible. 

:^^\ Akhpakh, s. m. p. Under- 
standing, wisdom, intelligence. 

j«liii.i Ikhtitam, s. m. a. Finish- 
ing, and conclusion, completion, ful- 

ji^\ Akhtar, s. m. p. 1 . A star, 
constellation. 2. Good fortune, good 
omen, horoscope. 

cl^ia.]. Ikhtir^, s. m. a. Inven- 
tion, inventing, fancying. 

jUiLkj. Ikhtisar, s. m. a. Abridge- 
ment, act of contracting, reducing, 

(joLaLLI Ikhtisas, s. m. a. Ap- 
propriation, peculiarity. 

lALkl Ikhtifa, s. m. a. Act of hid- 
ing, concealing, covering. 

iiUi.]. Ikhtilat, s. m. a. Act of 
mixing, mixture, confusion, inter- 
course, friendship, conversation. 

oiUi.1 Ikhtilaf,t s. m. a. Dif- 
ference of opinion, opposition, dis- 


( 13 ) 


cord, disagreement, misunderstand- 
ing between friends, coolness. 

JlUa.( Ikhtiltil, s. m. A. Interrup- 
tion, disturbance, obstacle. 

Aia.f Xkhta, a. p. A gelding, gelt. 
jUiiLJ. Ikhtiyar, s. m. a. Choice, 
mil, opinion, election ; authority, 
power. Ikhtiyir karnu, To approve of, 
to adopt, to choose. Ikhtiyar men 
hond, To be in the power of, or de- 
pendent upon. 

(_5.j(jjLi.f Ikhtiyari, s. f. A. Appro- 
bation, choice ; authority, power, a. 
In one's power, subject to election 
or choice, at one's disposal. 

<i^l Akhz, s. /.A. Taking, seiz- 
ing, intercepting; objection, cavil, 
hostility. A. karnd. To take, to seize. 
^a^T Akhir,* a. a. Last, latter. 
s. m. End, issue, arfw. At last, finally. 

^l^a.1 Ikhraj,t s. m. a. Drawing 
forth, derivation, expulsion. 

o Wl^^l Ikhrajat, s. plur. o/Ikhraj, 

^^'I^T Akhii*-ul-amr, adv. a. Fi- 
nally, at the end, at last. 

ci»^T Akhirat, s. /. a. Futurity, 
a future state, the world to come. 

tJ>ji>A iikhirash, adv. a. p. At 
the end of it, at last, finally, after all. 

s^ji4 Akhir-i-shab, s. a. p. The 
end of the night, before dawn. 

£jj>^l Akhrot, s. m. s. A walnut ; 
the fruit of the Aleurites triloba is 
also so called. 

cc/^f Akhiri, a. a. Last, final. 

ij^\ Akhass, a. compar. 0/0*^-*^, 
A. More or most avaricious, very 

u^^t Akhass, a. compar. of {j^^, 
A. More or most especial or excellent. 

1^1 Ikhfa, s. m. a. Concealment. 

c^Ai.1 Akhfash, a. a. Having 
small eyes, weak-sighted. 

J^\ Akhgar, s. f, p. Live ashes, 

a spark of fire. 

^jc^i Ikhlas, s.m. a. Sincerity, 
afl^ection, friendship, love. /. karnd, 
or rakhnd. To esteem, &c. 

dS^t^^Jt^l Ikhlas-mand, a. a. p. 
Sincere, friendly, affectionate ; a 

JrlUki Akhlat, s. plur. of Khilt, a. 
The humors in the bodies of ani- 
mals of which the blood is composed. 

(jJU.! Akhlaq, s. plur. of Khulq, 
A. The good properties of mankind, 
virtues, dispositions, ethicks. 

j^f Akhor, s. f. p. Refuse, offals, 
filth ; a stable. 

ul^l Ikhwan, s. plur. o/Akh, a. 
Brothers. Jkhwdn-i-zamdn, Contem- 
poraries, people of the same religion. 

cij^t i^khun "\ s. m. p. Tutor, 

«>jj^t j^khund, J preceptor. 

ti>^i Akhvi, a. A. Brotherly. 

jlxL.] Akhyar, a. plur. of Khair, a. 
The good, the better (people). 

4*»^^t Akhyafi, a. a. By the 
same mother but by a different father 
(brother or sister). 

^;A^l Akhir, a. a. Last. s. m. The 
end, accomplishment, completion. 

•5I Ad, s. (in comp. for ^dha). 
Half. Ad-zabdn, Half pronounced. 

W Ada, s.f. A. Performance, exe- 
cution, discharge, payment, blandish- 
ments, coquetry. Ada-hand, Compos- 
er or describer of blandishments, &c. 
Add-fahm, One who understands by 
signs. Add karnd. To perform, to dis- 
charge (a debt), to pay. 

bt Ada, s. m. s. Ginger in the 
undried state. 

v'<iT .^dab, *. m. plur. 0/ Adab, a. 
Ceremonies, devoirs, etiquette, po- 
liteness, forms of address in writing 
and speaking, salutation, resjiects. 


( 14 ) 


obi Adat,* s. f. a. An instru- 
ment ; a particle (in Grammar). 

«j»l.if Udas, s. s. Unsettledness, 
retiredness. a. Unsettled, retired, 
lonely, dejected, sorrowful, sad. 

^J^^\'i1 Udasij s. /. s. 1. Solitude, 
loveliness, sadness, dejection. 2. a. 
Unsettled, &c. as Udas. 3. s. m. A 
class of faqirs. 

^iclil Adam-allah, a. May God 
preserve him ! 

-jJI^M Adani, a. plur. of Adna, a. 
Mean, contemptible (people). 

ci*Abf Udahat, s. f. h. Brown- 

^5?^! Ada-i, s. f. A. see Ada. 
Add-i-dain, s. m. Payment of debt. 

V<il Adab,* s. m. a. Institute, 
rule, good breeding, politeness, re- 
spect, urbanity ; taking care not to 
pass the bounds of any thing. Adab 
karnd. To respect, to behave politely. 

j^M Idbar, s.f. a. Turning back, 
going back; misfortune, bad luck, 
adversity, ruin. 

^ji>l Idraj, s. m, a. Act of insert- 
ing one thing into another ; folding 
or rolling together. 

jU^i Idrar, s. m. a. Flowing of 
milk, hard rain, involuntary dis- 
charge of urine ; munificence, a gift. 

c^b^i Idrak, s. m. a. Comprehen- 
sion, capacity, understanding. 

*J'j^\ Adrak, s. f. s. Ginger in an 

undried state, 
t/jil Adraki, s. f. s. A kind of 

ij»i)i)\. Idris, n. prop. a. The 

patriot Enoch. 

l*.>t Iddi^, s. m. A. The act of 
demanding one's rights, claim, pre- 

tj*«>l Adiya, s. plur. of 1*^, a. 
Prayers, benedictions, good wishes. 

(•tp,^i Idgham, s. m. a. Redupli- 
cation of a letter, or the contraction 
of one letter into another similar. 

(3^t Adaqq, a. compar. of i^i, a. 
More or very obstruse, difficult, fine, 
or minute. 

*s.',>l Adaqcha, s. m. u. A cloth 
for carrying things in, a covering. 

JiiJ Jil Adl-badl, "I s. m. h. Ex- 

1I«>J )ii\ Adla-badla,J change, al- 
teration. Adla-badld karnd, To ex- 
change, to swop or barter, to confuse, 
to displace. 

^J Adilla, s. plur. of Dalil, A. 
Proofs, indications. 

C^l Adam, n. prop. a. Adam ; 

j^a.j*:,T iidam-khor, a. Man-eater, 

lj'cCi\ Ad-mara, a. m. s. Half-dead. 

tjt3(*of Adam-zad, s. m.f, p. Man, 

cs^f*^^ A^dam-gari, s. f. v. Hu- 
manity, benevolence. 

l^-o^t Ad-mua, a. m. s. Half-dead. 

j^^T Admi, s. m. or /. p. A de- 
scendant of Adam ; a human being 
(homo), an individual, people. 

iSj^ij«i>1 Admi-gari, s. f. p. see 

•^•Jt^'iT Admij^at, s. f. A. Human- 
ity, civility. A', pakarnt, To become 
civilized. A', sikhlim, or A', men Idnd, 
To civilize. A', karni, To behave with 

ti.>l Adnd.)^~\ a. compar. of (J^, a. 

^c>t Adna,J Inferior, lowest, 
mean, little ; a person of no conse- 

djljil Adawat, s. plur. of Adat, 
A. Instruments; particles in (Gram- 
jl^jd Adwar, s. plur. o/Daur, a. 
Revolutions, periods, ages. 


( 15 ) 


c)jo>t Adwan, a. compar. of cyi, 
A. More or most mean or wretched, 
very mean or base. 

*jjil Adwiya^ s. plur. of Dawa, 
A. Medicines. 

8^1 Adhj s. (in comp.) Half. See 

L*^l Adha, a. s. Half. In compos, 
the final a or ha is dropped, as Adh- 
mud or Ad-mud, Half- dead. 

IjjtAjif Udharnu, v. a. s. To liber- 
ate, to discharge. 

^8:11 Adh-bicb, adv. s. h. In the 

^;8J Adh-pakka, a. s. Half-ripe. 
j^il Idhar, adv. u. Here, hither, 

on this side. 
^>if Udhar, adv. 11. There, thi- 
ther, on that side. 

l^*^! Adh-kachcha, a. m. s. 

1^>>I Adh-kaha, a. m. s. Half- 
spoken, half uttered. 

f^J Adham, s. m. a. A dark 
coloured horse. 

I^^A^I Adh-miia, a. s. Half-dead. 

lil^A^I Adhyana, v. a. To halve, 
to divide. 

^j^A<^1 Udherna, v. a. s. To undo, 
to unravel. 

l^A^f Adhela, s. m. s. A half-pice. 

^J■iA:>] Adheli, s. f. s. A half-rupee 
or half gold-mohur. 

cj^Jiil Adydn, s. plur. of Din, a. 

v-^j^l Adib, s. m. a. teacher of 
polite manners, urbanity, &c. 

^•it Adim, s. m. a. Perfumed 

*jj«il Adina, or Adina, s. r. Fri- 

c»li' Azdn, s.f. a. The summons 
to prayers (generally proclaimed from 
the minarets or towers of a mosque). 

tJoit Uzbak, 8. m. t. Name of a 

Tartar tribe or nation. 
,J^.i>\ Uzbakani, 5. /. n. A female 
■* Uzbak. 
jif Azur, 8. m.v. 1. Fire. 2. The 

name of Abraham's father Terah. 3. 

The ninth solar month ; winter, 
cjl^ii Izan, s. m.A, 1. Obedience, 

submission. 2. Confidence, belief. 
j(^it Azkar, s. m. plur. o/Zikr, a. 

Praises, praises of God, recitals, 

^i>\ Azkiya, s. plur. of Zaki, a. 

People of discernment and penetrat- 
ing understanding. 
Jil Azall, a. compar. o/Zalil, a. 

More or most vile, base, or abject, 
ciii Izn, 8. m. A. Permission, 

lyf^it Azhan, s. plur. q/Zibn, a. 

Geniuses, intellects, capacities. 
^ii>\ Aziyat, 8. f. A. Wanton in- 
jury, oppression, distress, vexation, 
jf Kv, s. f. II. A goad. 
j\ Ar, conj. v. If, (for Agar.) 
!;T Kva., 8. m. s. A saw ; the name 

of a district. 

^J\ K\"A,part. (in comp.) p. Adorn- 
ing, adorner, arranger, preparer. 

*j!;t Araba, s. m. v. A. wheeled 
carriage, a gun-carriage, a cart, &c. 

IjI;!' Arnica, s. m, 11. A loud and 
prolonged sound (as from the dis- 
charge of artillery or the fall of a 

oil;! Iradat, s.f. a. "1 Desire, in- 

8^i;l Irada, 8. m. a. J clination, 
wish, purpose, design, plan, intention. 

Jil;( Arazi],'^ 8. plur. o/Arzal, a. 

JjL)! Arazil,J Base, low, mean 

(*^l«!;t Arastagi, 8. f. p. Prepara- 
tion, decoration, ornament, regulari- 
ty, improvement, 


( 16 ) 


AiwijT Arasta, a. p. Prepared, 
dressed, adorned, embellished, regu- 
lar, improved. 

^!;l Arazi, *. plur. o/Arz, a. 

I*!;t Kvim, s. m. p. Ease, rest, 
health,relief, repose, comfort.' ^4. pdnd, 
to recover. A.-talab, Idle, slothful, a 
lover of ease. A, kama, To rest, to 

^J^\)^ Arami, a. p. A lover of 
ease, idle, slothful. 

al^!;! i^ram-gah, s. f. p. A resting 
place ; a bedchamber. Firdaus-drdm- 
gdh. Resting in paradise (an epithet 
applied to Muhammad Shah). 

jl,>jjxii;T ii^ramida, a. p. At rest, 
at ease. 

1>|;I Arrana, v. n. h. To produce 
a continued sound (as a mill, &c.) 

tj»j|;t ^raish, s. f. v. Ornament, 
embellishment, preparation, dress- 
ing equipage. 

vk>' Arbab, s. plur o/Rabb, a. 
Lords, possessors, masters. Arbdb-i- 
jdh. Possessed of dignity. A.-i-sukhan, 
Eloquent persons, poets. A.-i-nishdt, 
Dancers and musicians. 

Ul^jl Arbarana, v. n. h. To hurry, 

to be confused. 

5J;I Arba, a. A. Four. 

cJjAJjt Arba-un,"l „ 

.. A u ^ >a. X. Forty, 
er^j' Arba-in, J ^ 

iiLwjl Irtibat, s. tn. a. Connexion, 

JUc^jl Irtihal, s. m. a. Act of 
marching or travelling, departure, 

<5l«>3jl Irtidad, s. m. a. Rejecting, 
refusing, opposing ; apostacy, recan- 

fLJjl Irtisam, 8. m. A. A distin- 
guishing mark, plan, painting, writ- 

(j-Wjl Irtids, ^ s.m. A. Trepida- 

<Jil*5)l Irtidsh,/ tion, trembling. 

^l*Jjl Irtifa, s. m. a. Elevation, 
exaltation, ascent, height. 

V^i Irtikab, s. m. a. The com- 
mencement or undertaking of enter- 
prize, perpetration or commission of 
a crime. 

jJjf Urtu, s. m. H. Crimpling, 
plaits. U.-gar, A crimpler or plaiter 
(of clothes, &c.) 

i^j\ Arthi, s.f. H. Abler. 

•^ji Irs, s. m. A. An inheritance. 

L^jl Arjal, s. m. a. 1. A horse 
with one white foot. 2. A large footed 

•^^♦^jl Arj-mand, a. p. Beloved, 
dear, happy, blessed, noble. 

Ih^j' Arajhna, v. n. n. To be 
ravelled or entangled ; to be bound ; 
to quarrel without cause or reason. 

(•^)l Arham, s. plur. o/Rihm, a. 
1. Wombs, matrices. 2. Relations by 
the mother's side, uterine kindred. 

^j\ Arham, a. compar. of Rahini, 
A. More or most merciful. Arham- 
ur-rdhimin. The most merciful of the 
merciful (God). 

lylip^vi^l Irkha-i-inan, s. m. a. 
Letting loose the reins, unruliness. 

^f ^rd, s. m. V. Flour, meal. 

t^i^l^jf Urdabegani, s. f. h. A 
female armed attendant in the Ha- 

\j\ij\ Arduwa, s. m. h. Coarsely 
ground meal. 

jojf Urdu, s. m. p. An army, a 
camp, a market. U-i-muqlld, The 
royal camp, or army (generally means 
the city of Delhi or Shahjahanabad). 
U.-mudlld ki zabdn, The court lan- 
guage. U. zabdn. The Hindustani 

LSi>j1 Urdi, s, p. The first month 


( 17 ) 


of the Autumn, September, or rather 
(for Urdt-bihisht) April. 
jj\ Arz, s. m. p. Price, value, es- 
teem, veneration, honour, quantity. 
Arz-i-bdzdr, Price current, market 
3^f Uruz, or Urz, *. m. a. Rice. 

Jljjl Arzal, a. plur. of Arzal, a. 
Low, common, mean (people) j the 

cyljj) Arzan, a. p. Clieap. 

4^13^1 Arzani, s. f. p. Cheapness ; 
abundance of provisions. Arzdmrakh- 
na, To present, to give gratuitously. 

(Jjjjl Arzaq, a. a. Blue, azure, 
cerulean, cat's-eyed. Arzaq-chaskm, 
Blue-eyed, cat's-eyed. 

cijj' Arzan, *. m. p. A kind of 
grain, millet, (China.) 

jijjl i^rzu, s. f, P. Wish, desire, 
hope, want, distress. A'rzu-kash, or 
A'rzu-mand, a. Desirous, longing. 

J-iJjl Arziz, s.f. P. Tin. 

*^Jjt Arzhang, s. v. The work- 
shop and cave of the celebrated paint- 
er Mani. q. v. 

JL-yl Irsal, *. m. a. Act of send- 
ing (especially a writing, or letter), 
mission, remittance. 

lylL*;! Arslan, s. t. A lion. 

4<«*;T Arsi, *./. H. A mirror (par- 
ticularly one on the thumb). 

lijo ^|j^l Arsiie-naina, a. h. s. 
Having weak eyes, with eyes as if 
just awake. 

.iLiji Irshdd s. m. a. Direction, 
command, order. 

^j\ Arshadjff. compar. o/Rashid, 
Most upright, most tenacious of the 
right way ; a person who explains 
orders, commands, &c. (especially of 
the Deity.) 

O*)! Arz, 8. /. A. The earth ; a 
portion of land. 

j^l Arzi, a. A. Terrestrial, 

" earthly, relating to the earth. 
JtJs;! Artal, s. plur. of Rati, a. 

Certain measures of weight so called, 

ejy^l Arghanun, s. m. g. An 

tti'^jl Arghawan, s. m. p. A 

plant whose flowers and fruit are of 

a beautiful red ; a red colour. 
jeJI^^t Arghawani, a. p. Of a red 

colour, purple. 
Jjlsjl Irfah, s. m. a. Bestowing 

affluence, comforting, cherishing ; 

enjoyment of peace and aflSuence. 
u^j' Arfaz, a. a. An obstinate 

heretic ; particularly a bigotted Shia. 
jj)' Arfa, a. compar. of ^j, a. 

Most exalted, very high. 
j»l»)i Irqdm, s, m. a. Act of writ- 
(ijli)! Arqan, s. m. A. Jaundice; 

mildew or blight in corn. 
'S:>Hj\ Arkat, h. Name of a city in 

the Deccan (Arcot). 
^^j\ Arkati, h. \. s. m. S. pilot. 

2. a. Belonging to Arkat. A. rupaiya. 

An Arcot rupee, 
lyl^l Arkan, s. plur. of Rukn, a. 

Pillars, props, supports. Arkdn-i- 

daulat, Nobles, grandees, ministers 

of state. 
l«V>' Argaja, s. m. h. A perfume 

of a yellowish colour and compound- 
ed of various ingredients. 

ySTjl Argaji, a. h. Dyed with 

Argaji. q. v. 
(•jl Irani, s, m. a. A fabulous 

garden in Arabia; paradise. 
c>^;l Arman, s. m. p. Desire, 

wish, inclination, longing, sorrow, 

^jiLcjl Armani, a. p. Aspiring, 



( 18 ) 

e)U>ojl Armagh^n, or Armughan, 
*. m. p. A present, rarity, curiosity. 

cr«)l Arman, n. prop. p. Armenia. 

i^j^ Armani, a. p. Armenian. 

x«*>x,t Aramida, a. p. At rest, pa- 

^J Arna, s. m. s. 1 . A wild buf- 
falo. 2. Cowdung found in the forest. 

«-4>' Arnab, s. m. a. A hare, a 

?i>JjT Arinda, s. m. v. A porter, 
a carrier. 

5o)l Arand, s, m. s. The Castor 
Oil tree (Ricinus Vulgaris or Palma 

tffSsijI Arandi, s. f. s. The fruit of 
the Ricinus Vulgaris, v. s. 

^J>J\ Arni, s. f. s. A female wild 

^'jyl Arwah, s. plur. of Riih, a. 

^)jt j^rogh, s. m. p. Belch, eruc- 

iS3)\ Arwi, s. f.n. A species of 
Arum (A. colocasia), used as food ; 
called also Ghoydn and in Bengal 

%j\ Arra, 5. m. p. A saw. Arra- 
kash, A sawyer. Arra sir par chaldnd. 
To oppress any one, to commit vio- 
lence. Sir par arre chald tau-bht ga'e 
maddr maddr. He has incurred pu- 
nishment and disgrace, yet he has not 
reformed his manners. 

ji>j\ Arhar, s. f. s. A species of 

pulse (Cytisus cajan), called also Tiiar. 

(sji Ari, s.f. s. A small saw. 

e, m.'\ interj 

n,f.J ho! 

c_)t Kve, adv. p. Yes. 

IjT Ara, a. s. Oblique, crooked, 

yJ\-j\ Urak, a. s. Able to fly. 

-jl Are, m.'\ interj. s. Holla ! 
iS^\ hx\, f.J ho! Hear you ! 

IJIjf Urana, v. a. s. To cause to 
fly; to squander or spend extrava- 
gantly, to entice. Urdnd purdni. To 

yyf Urau, s. m. s. A spendthrift. 

j>)\ Arbar, s. m. h. Words with- 
out meaning. Arbar baknd. To 
speak inconsiderately or nonsensical- 
ly, to rave. 

t-^jjjl Arbarang, s. m. h. Foolish 
actions. Arbarangi, a. Inconsiderate. 

LUa.jf Ur-chalna, v. n. s. To 
walk with a stately or affected gait. 

lijf Urna, v. n. s. To fly. 

jjT A^ru, s. m. n. k peach. 

iS^j\ Arhai, a. s. Two and a half; 
or twice and a half of the aggregate 
number mentioned ; as, Arhdi sau, 

IjjAjt Arhaiya, A weight of 2| 
sers, or a measure containing 2§ 

3I Az, prep. p. From, of, than, 
by, with. Az an jumla. Of that num- 
ber. Az-bas, Enough, sufficiently, in 
abundance, from the abundance, not- 
withstanding. Az-bas-ki, Since. Az 
khud rafta, or Az khwesh rafta, Absent 
in mind, out of mind, distracted. 
Az khud raftagt, Departure from one's 
self, distraction of mind. Az khud 
shudan. To be out of one's self ; the 
being out of one's mind. 

}1 Kz, s.f. P. Avarice. 

^IjT Azad, a. p. 1. Free, liberated. 
2. Solitary, lonely. 3. s. m. A kind 
of faqir who shav'es his beard, eye- 
lashes and eyebrows, and vows chas- 
tity. A'zdd karni, To manumit, to set 

iJ'^^)^ ^zadagi,! s.f. p. Freedom, 
iS.i^y\ Kzidi, J independence, 

release, conduct of an A'zdd. 
»Jj\ Azada, a. p. Free, noble. 

( 19 ) 


^yj{ Azar, s. m. p. Sickness, dis- 
order, disease, trouble, affliction, in- 

j^j[ Izar, s. f. P. Drawers, trow- 

•JJojiji Izdr-band, s. m. p. The 
string with which drawers are tied. 
Izdr-bandirishta, Connexion through 
a wife ; petticoat interest. 

t5:>i)T Azari, a. p. Sick, a sick 

AJiji Izala, *. m. a. Removal, 
abohtion ; (in Grammar) elision of a 
letter or of a vowel point from a 

e;[3l Az-an, r. From that. 

e^Jjl Az-in, p. From this. 
yj\ Az-bar, adv. p. By heart, by 
rote, by memory. 

(•ta^^jl Izdiham, s. m, a. A con- 
course, a crowd, a rushing together 
of people. 

^b^jl Izdiyad, s. m. a. Increase. 

^J^J}1 Azurdagi, s. f. p. Afflic- 

" tion, displeasure, vexation. 

x<i))1 j^zurda, a. p. Afflicted, sad, 
dispirited, sorrowful, vexed, displeas- 
ed, weary. A'.-khdtir, or A'.-dil, Vex- 
ed, offended, disgusted. 

6jj' Azraq, a, a. Cerulean, blue, 

i^j\ Azuqa, s. m. a. Food. 

^jy\Jj\ Uzak-tuzak, s. m. t. 
Pomp, splendour ; the habits or 
fashions of a king ; the king's seal. 

J3I Azal, s. f. A. Eternity, with- 
out beginning. 

,Jj\ Azali, a. a. Eternal, without 
beginning, from all eternity. 

UjT Azma, part. p. (in comp.) 
Trying, proving. 

liL*3T Azmana, v. a. p. h. To try, 
to prove, to examine ; to touch gold, 
&c. on the touch-stone. 
D 2 

lyLcjl Azman, s.plur. q/Zaman, a. 
(J-jI^T Xzmaish, s. f. v. Trial, 

proof, examination. 
*^l Azmina, s. plur. of Zaman, 

or Zamana, a. q. v. 

t5^'>r*3^ Azmudagi, s.f. p. Trial, 
proof, examination. 

iiij'o'ji Kzmuda, part. pass. p. Tri- 
ed, proved, examined. ^'.-A;ar, Experi- 
enced in business. 

^|j»)l Azwaj, s.f. plur, o/Zauj, a. 
Spouses, couples. 

A*i»3' Aziiqa, s. m. a. Food. 

j^Ji Azhdar, s. m. p. A dragon. 

lA^JI Azhdaha, s. m. p. A large 
snake, a dragon. 

otA^ijt Azhdhat, s. s. Name of a 
mixed metal ; bell-metal. 

(^I Is, pron. dem. h. This. Is- 
talak, To this degree. 

c>-T iis, s. A. The myrtle. 

crt A^s, s. 1 Affixed to other 

U»fj^sa, S.J words As signifies 
inclination, and A'sd, possessed of in- 
clination ; as, Piyds, Thirst, and Piyd-; 
sd, Tliirsty, from Pt, Drink. 

U»T Xsa, a. p. Like, resembling. 

j$i3Ul Asatiza, s. plur. of Ustdz, 
A. Teachers. 

jtjl-if Asarh, *. m. s. The third 
Hindu solar month (June-July). 

(^Lwt Asas, *. /. a. Foundation ; 
a pedestal. 

•.i**l*»( A-saat, s. f. s. A. An un- 
lucky moment. 

j_j/eL.( Asami, s. f. plur. of Ism, 
A. Names ; office, place, appointmentj 
substitution'of one person to do the 
duty of another, s. in. or /. A defen- 
dant (in a lawsuit), a tenant, renter, 

ii)l^f As^n, a. p. Easy, conveni- 
ent, commodious. 

<_r I 

( 20 ) 


^jJUt Xsjini, '\«./. P. Facility, 
•i-jjUf Xsaniyat, J easiness. 

JjM Isawal, s. m. t. A poursiii- 

«>jUT iisaish, *. /. p. Rest, 
ease, tranquillity, repose, quiet. 

*_>U-».I Asbab, s. m. plur. of Sabab, 
A. 1. Causes. 2. Goods and chat- 
tels, furniture, tools, apparatus, bag- 

i»U-»l Asbat, s. plur. o/Sibt, a. 
Tribes (especially of Israel). 

4^fwl Asbaq, a. compar. of ^y^, A. 
More or most surpassing or excel- 
lent ; past times, days of yore. 

i-***! Asp, s. m. p. A horse. 

oU-j. Ispat, s. m. h. Steel (of a 
tough kind). 

crLjcrT iis-pas, s. m. s. Vicinity, 
circumference, adv. Around, on all 

J^iA«l. Ispaghol, s. m. p. Seed of 
fleawort or plantain. 

vilA*.| Aspak, s. f. p. Bridge of a 
musical instrument. 

i>Ax-.]. Ispand, s. m. p. A seed 
burnt at marriages, and also some 
days after a child is born to drive 
away evil spirits. 

ly^xwl Ispahan, n. pi-op. p. Name 
of a city. 

.ili«l Istad, s. f. P. The act of 
standing, part. Standing, raised up. 

iUuof Ustad, s. m. a. A teacher, 
preceptor, master. 

,Ji,\sj^l Istadagi, *. /. P. Stand- 
ing, stand, firmness, resistance. 

j(jli*»i Istada, part. p. Standing, 
set up, erected, s. A pole, ensign- 
BtafF, prop ; prop for supporting the 
door of a tent and not the tent pole. 

C5ilju.t Ustadi, s. f. p. Teaching, 
instruction, mastership, skill, a. 
Masterly (as workmauship, &c.). 

ili-.f Ustaz, s. P. see Ustad. 

e>li«.t Asian, 8. m. p. A thres- 
hold, a faqir's residence. Stdn or istdn 
in comp. signifies place or land as 
Hindu-stdn, Hindu-land. 

Jj>,jli*»i Istambol, n. prop. t. 

«iLL»iT Astana, same as Astan. q. 
V. A'stdna-host, Kissing the threshold. 

iloAi*.! Istibdad, s. m. a. Abso- 
lute dominion, despotism, insisting 
upon a thing being done. 

\ji^\. Istibra, 5. m. a. 1. Cleans- 
ing; washing one's hands of a busi- 
ness or desiring to be freed from it. 
2. The waiting of a woman after 
being divorced to ascertain whether 
she is pregnant or not before she can 
contract another marriage, (the term 
is three months according to the 
Muhammadan law.) 

(3/^j^i Istabraq, s. m. a. Silk 
cloth or satin, particularly green silk, 
the colour of which seems to vary 
according to the light. 

jliL.1 Istitar, s. m. a. Conceal- 

jGaixwi Istisqal, s. m. A. Heavi- 
ness, trouble, importunity. 

UlLwl Istisna, s. m. a. Excep- 
tion, distinction. 

^UsLs^-^i Istihaza, s. m. a. Immo- 
derate flux of the menses. 

^_,(^Juo| istihbab, s. m. a. 1. 
Contracting friendship. 2. An action 
the performance of which is merito- 
rious and the omission not criminal ; 
work of supererogation. 

i^L,js^l Istihsan, s. m. a. Ap- 
proving, praising, taking or consi- 
dering as a favour. 

jl^jsr^^l Istihzar, s. m. a. Calling, 
citing to appear, summoning before. 

j\jus^l Istihqar, s. m. a. Treat- 


( 21 ) 


ing with contempt, vilifying, scorn- 
ing, despising. 

jjlfeE^j, Istihqaq, s. m. a. De- 
manding justice, claim, right, merit, 

j»Ka^«l Istihkam, 8. m. a. Con- 
firmation, firmness, strength. 

8jl3c**i Istikhara, s. m, a. Judg- 
ing from omens, augury. 

j.|.i«*^i Istikhdam, s. m. a. Em- 
ploying, making use of the labour of 
another, asking or getting employ- 

^js^l Istikhraj, s. m. a. Mak- 
ing to go or come out, expulsion, 
drawing forth, extracting. 

olAari^l Istikhfaf, s. m. a. Mak- 
ing light of, despising, holding in 

jjelUJ^i Istikhlas, s. m. a. Seek- 
ing to liberate; liberation, liberty, 
c;»^^i**f Ustukhwan, s. m. p. A 

bone, the stone of fruit. 
oxiIaLm.]. Istidamat, s. /. a. Seek- 
ing to be permanent ; quiet, steady, 
everlasting ; assiduity. 

til^.iJu.j. Istidrak, s. m. A. Reach- 
ing, overtaking, obtaining ; compre- 
hending, understanding. 

[fiol^l Istiddj s. f. A. Request, 
desire, invitation, supplication. 

JJlAi-l Istidlal, s. m. a. Seeking 
proof, arguments, or reasons; de- 

jxm\ Astar, *. m. p. A mule. As- 
tar or astar. Lining. Astar-kir{,s.f. 

cua.»^i Istirahat, s.f. a. Repose, 
rest, ease, tranquillity, sleep. 

i,\iiy^i Istirdad, s, m. a. 1. De- 
manding restitution of anything. 2. 
Repelling, driving or forcirig back. 

\yijXMi Istirza, 8. f. A. Seeking to 
please ; willingness, alacrity. 

sJji^\ Astarak, s. m. g. Storax. 

»;i-.f Ustura, 8. m. p. A razor. 

(^jL^l Istri, 8. s. A smoothing 
iron. Istri karnd. To iron clothes. 

^U^ju.1^ Istis^d, *. m. a. Desir- 
ing happiness, being fortunate, con- 
sidering anything as a happy presage, 
conceiving well of any thing. 

la-JL.]. Istisqa, 8. m. A. The drop- 
sy. I.-i-ziqqi, Anasarca. I.-i-tablt, 
Tympany. I.-i-lahmi, A general ana- 

^V^Ai*.! Istishhdd, «. r». a. Sum- 
moning witnesses, bringing testimony 
or proof ; taking evidence; faUing a 
martyr for religion. 

^^\y&LMl Istiswab, *. /». A. 1. Ap- 
proving. 2. Consultation. 

•£*clku»| Istitaat, 8.f. a. Power, 
possibility, submitting to, depen- 

jl^.feju.1^ Istizhdr, s. m. a. Implor- 
ing assistance ; calling to memory, 

ijKsl^l Istidra, s. m. a. Borrow- 
ing ; using a word metaphorically ; a 
metaphor. Istidra karni. To beseech, 
to beg earnestly. 

ool*L«[ Istidnat, 8. f. a. Asking 
assistance, imploring help ; assistance, 

Jls**-I Istijal, 8. m. a. Wishing 
to make haste, ordering one to make 
haste, hastening, accelerating, des- 

il»>j»ju»i Istiddd, 8. f. a. Readi> 
ness ; ability, means, capacity. 

lfl*i*»i Istifa, *. ?w. A. Asking for- 
giveness, deprecating. 

^Uiwl Istila, 8. m. A. Seeking ex- 
altation or promotion ; superiority, 


( 22 ). 


JUajL«| Istinial, s. m. a. Custom, 
daily practice, use. /. karnd. To use. 

^JUxL,»l Istimali, a. a. Used, 
usual, s. m. Fine rice. 

^Ulml Istighasa, s. m. a. Asking 
for help, demanding justice; com- 

w|^*Ju.| Istighrab, s. m. a. Great 
admiration, amazement, wonder. 

i^[f*L»l Istighraq, *. m. a. Drown- 
ing, overwhelming, a. Drowned, im- 
mersed in thought, engrossed, wholly 
employed, drowned in sleep, &c. 
jliiiJu#i Istighfar, s. m. a. Begging 
mercy, craving grace, deprecating. 

AUl^aiJu.1 Astaghfir-uUah, a. I en- 
treat forgiveness of God (an expres- 
sion signifying negation), 

Li*Ju«i Istighna, s. m. a. Content, 
independence (in fortune), a. Inde- 
pendent, contented. 

gcUd^l Istifada, s. m. a. 1. Seek- 
ing gain. 2. Profit, advantage. 

liaiwl Istifta, s. m. A. Consulting 
(a lawyer or learned man). 

^I^fii*.i Istifragh, s. m. a. Vomit- 

jUjii**i Istifsar, *. m. a. Search- 
ing for information, asking an ex- 
planation, enquiry, interrogation. /. 
karnd, To enquire, interrogate, de- 
mand an explanation. 

j»l^ii*,i Istifham, s. m. a. Desir- 
ing or seeking information ; enquiry, 
interrogation. Harf-i-istifhdm, An in- 
terrogative pronoun. 

^yol^ii*,! Istifhami, "I a.A.Inter- 

Ax«[^*.|Istifhamiya,J rogative. 

s!u^laju.i Istiqamat, s. f. a. Stand- 
ing erect; rectitude, integrity, conti- 
nuance, residence. 

JUftwi Istiqbal, s. m. A. Encoun- 
tering, meeting, the ceremony of meet- 
ing and receiving a visitor ; futvurity. 

lysA**! Istiqra, s. m. A. Reason- 
ing from induction. 

jHaJL.i Istiqlal, s. m. a. Abso- 
lute power, intrepidity, resolution, 
perseverance, vigour. 

jUxi«»i Istikbar, s. m. a. Pride- 

l\jil^[ Istikrah, s. f. a. Aversion, 

«JL£kCL.i Istikshaf, s. m. a. Seek, 
ing the manifestation, exposition or 
laying open (of any thing). 

JU^X«i Istikmal, s. m. a. Seek- 
ing the completion or perfection of 
anythidg ; completion, bringing to 

j*j)JI*.i Istilzam, s. m, a. Ren- 
dering necessary ; necessity. 

^(♦l»l Istini^, s. m. a. 1 . Hear- 
ing, listening (to music). 2. Tidings, 
report, rumour, what is heard. 

»iJUju«i Istimalat, s. f. a. Conci- 
liating, consolation, encouragement. 

*j-^*»! Istambh, s. m. s. The 
trunk of a tree, a column, pile, post, 

^li^Xwi Istimta, s. m. a. Enjoy- 
ment, reaping the fruits of, being 
delighted ; celebrating the festival of 
Mecca; enjoyment (of a woman). 

^t<x*jL«j| Istimdad, s. f. a. Beg- 
ging assistance. 
jI^JLm.! Istimrar, s. m. a. Conti- 
nuation, perseverance. 

iSj\j*^l Istimrari, a. a. Conti- 
nuative, perpetual. 

JdUjju.| Istimbat, s. m. a. Ex- 
traction, deduction, inference. 

^is^l Istinja, s. m. a. Purifica- 
tion after the offices of nature ; mak- 
ing water. 

(j\Jitisml Istinshaq, s. m. a. 1. 
Throwing water into the nostrils when 
performing the Wazii. 2. Snuffing 
up the air or odours, &c. 


( 23 ) 


\y^\ Istiwa, s. a. Parallelism, 
equality. Khatt-i-istiwd, The equa- 

jl^Ju,f Ustuwar, a. p. Firm, strong, 
stable, powerful ; brave, resolute, so- 

iS^y^l Ustuwari, s. f. p. Firm- 
ness, strength, &c. ; constancy. 

!>t**'i Istjhza, s. m. a. Derision, 
laughing at, joke, jest, scorn. 

kjil^i Istihlak, s. m. a. Seek- 
ing the death or ruin of any one; 
ruining, destroying, consuming. 

JJI^«ii Istililal, s. m. a. The ap- 
pearing of the new moon. 

^T i^ste, adv. p. (for Ahiste), 
Gently, softly. 

JUajji«.i Istisal, s. m. A. Eradi- 
cating, pulling up by the roots, ex- 
tirpating, destroying. 

i->[*xx^l Istidb, s. m, A. Taking 
the whole, extirpating ; asking in a 

l%i^i Istifa, s. m, A. Satisfying 
completely, paying or receiving the 
whole of what is due; renouncing, 

iUlwi Istila, s. m. a. Predomi- 
nance, conquest. 

liHH^I^ Astin, s. f. P. A sleeve. 
A'stin kd sdnp, A domestic enemy; 
an enemy who wears the mask of 

(^Ujjl*»i Istinas, s. m. a. Famili- 
arity, intimacy, sympathy. 

Li^f Usijna, v. n. 8. To boil. 

«3-«l Asad, s. m. a. The lion, Leo 
(in the Zodiack). 

(•iXwi Is-dam, adv, h. p. This 
moment, directly. 

I^t Asra, 3. m. s. Trust, reli- 
ance, hope, defence, asylum, retreat. 
jt/*«»l Asrdr, s, plur. of Sirr, a. 
Secrets, confidential concerns. 

j[y»i Israr, s. x. 1 . Concealment, 
keeping secret. 2. Disclosure, re- 
vealing of a secret. 

ol^i Israf, s. m. A. Prodigality, 
dissipation, abuse of wealth, con- 
sumption, extravagance, ruin. 

cJUil^*»( Israfil, *. m. a. l.The name 

of the angel who will sound the last 
trumpet at the resurrection. 2. A 

•^j^l Isrinj, s. m. p. Minium, 

Jj.k«j. Istabal, s. m. A. A stable. 
^Ja^l Is-tarah, or Is-tarah-se, 

adv. H. A. In this manner; thus. 
i_»5/^k«.f Usturlab, s. m. g. An As- 
«^A«.i Asad, a. compar. of<^**»f a. 

More or very fortunate or happy. 
jli*.t Asfar, s. plur. of Sifr, a. 

Volumes, registers. 
^UIami^ Isfanaj, s. m. p. Spinage, 
JavoI Asfal, a. compar. of Safil, a. 

Inferior, lower, the lowest. Asfal-us- 

sdJiUny,The lowest hell. 
fM^l Isfanj, s. m. g. A sponge ; 

a yeast dumpling. 

jljixlft-.! Isfandiyai*, n. prop, p. 
The son of Kishtasb of the first 
dynasty of Persian kings. 

c^l^i Isfahan, n. prop. p. Ispa- 
han, the capital of Persian Iraq. 

Jo\su.\ Isqat, s. m. a. Causing to 
fall ; procuring an abortion, miscar- 
rying, taking away, dying (of cattle). 

jiiA«.i Is-qadar, adv. h. a. Thus 

much, thus. 
d^i Isqil, *. m. A. (Squilla), 

A squill. 

v:i»^l Iskat, *. /. A. Pacifying, 
soothing, silencing. 

jAi^l Iskandar, n.prop, a. Alex- 


( 2i ) 



dJjtU^i Iskandariya, n. prop. a. 

Alexandria in Egypt. 
j;»>jX%»| Asgandh, or Isgandh, s, m. 

8. Name of a medicinal plant (Phy- 

ealis flexuosa). In Persian Arus-dar- 

0X-.I Asldf, s. plur. of Salaf, A. 

(•iUi Islam, s. m. a. The Mu- 

hammadan religion, orthodoxy, Is- 

^3L.i Islamij *. m. f. a. A Mu- 

hammadan, a believer. 
Aj(4)iL.j. Islamiya, «. a. Faithful, 

orthodox.«-J clwf Usal-pusal-jana, v. n. 

H. s. To be agitated or tossed, to get 

into confusion. 
V^-*^ Uslub, s. m. A. Manner, 

mode, method j order, arrangement ; 

form. Uslub-ddr, a. Well-arranged, 

ft^i Ism,* s. m. A. Name, a 

noun. Ism hd musammd, Name co-in- 

ciding with the named, or whose 

name fitly denotes the qualities of the 

named. Ism-i-jaldlt, The name of 

God. Ism-nawisi, s.f. A list or roll of 

names, a catalogue. 
jlt^l Asmar, s. plur. of Samar, a. 

Nightly conversations. 
iii«U*«»i Ismail, n. prop. a. Ish- 

mael, son of Abraham. 
vyU-»T Asm an, s. m. v. The sky, 

the firmament, heaven, the celestial 

orb. A', par qadam rakhnd. To give 

one's self airs, to aspire, to be vain. 

A', par khainchnd, To be proud, to 

affect greatness. A', se gima. To 

fall from the clouds (a windfall of no 

great value). 

^U*»T Ksminiy a. p. Heavenly, 
celestial, from heaven, sky-coloured, 
cerulean, azure. A'smdni tir. An ar- 
row shot in the air. 

4:^t Xsan, 9. m. s. 1. A stool, 
seat, carpet to sit on, carpet for pray- 
ing on. 2. Stay, abiding, posture, 
attitude, sitting (especially applied to 
the devout postures of Jogis, &c.) 
3. The withers of an elephant, the 
part where the driver sits. A', tale dnd, 
To come under subjection. A'.jornd, 
To sit on the hams. A', dolna. To in- 
terpose by prayer in behalf of another 
person in distress. A'.se dsan jornd. 
To sit close in contact with another. 
A', lagdnd. To sit obstinately in one 
posture till one's request be obtained. 
A', mdmd. To sit firmly (on horse- 

ij^l i^sin, s. m. s. The sixth 
Hindu month (September-October). 

tr-'t Asan, s. m. s. The name of 
a tree on which the Tasar silk-worm 
feeds (Terminalia ^lata tomentosa). 

.iUw.1 Asnad, s. plur. o/Sanad, a. 
Grants, law papers in general, sanads, 

^IwT j^sani, s. f. s. A small car- 
pet for praying on. See Asan. 

j\j*»^ Aswar, s. m. p. Cavalry, a 
horseman; mounted, riding on any 
thing (as a ship, &c.). 

2>*»( Asoj, s. m. s. The sixth 
solar month. See Asin. 

fji^ Asiidagi, s. f. p. Quiet, 
peace, content. 

JS»i>-wT Asuda, a. p. At rest, quiet, 
tranquil, glutted, saturated, satisfied, 
at ease, contented. A'szcda-hdl, Full, 
at ease, &c. Plur. A'sudagdn, Those 
at rest or ease, the quiet. 

iJj^\ Asok, s. m. s. A shrub com- 
monly called Asoca (Jonesia asoca). 

iy>*it Ason, adv. h. This year. 

J 1^1 Is'hal, s. m. a. Loosening, 
opening, purging, flux. 

Jt-"' As'hal, a. compar. o/Sahal, 
A. More or most easy. 



( 25 ) 


jj*»t Assi, «. s- Eiglity. 

Lji^t Asiya, s./. p. A mill. 

Ai^i-wf Asiyana, «. m. p. A whet- 

VJ-«f Aseb, *. m. p. A misfor- 
tune, trouble, calamity, damage. 

Ia^^T Usijna, or Usijhna, v. a. s. 
To boil. 

jJi-«l Asir, s. m. a. A captive, a 
prisoner. Asir-i-db o gil. Attached 
to one's native land. 

^ju«.f Usir, s.f. s. A fragrant root 
of grass used in making tatties. See 

iSj^\ Asiri, s. f. A. Imprison- 
ment, captivity. 

JiT Ash, s. f. p. Meat, victuals, 
viands, soup, broth, gruel, pottage. 
A'sh pakdnd. To combine in any de- 
sign, to conspire or contrive some- 
thing against another. A'sh-i-jau, 
Barley-water, water-gruel. 

ci»;l-il Isharat,*./. a.I Sign, wink, 

ij^l Ishara, *.m. a. J signal,hint. 

(♦Lit Asham, part. act. p. (in 
comp.) Drinking, drinker. 

^U^l Ashbah, *. plur. o/Shabh, 
A. Bodies. 

jjUL*! Ishtibah, s. m. a. Doubt, 
ambiguity, scruple. 

^^UjLi| Ishtibahi, a. a. Suspici- 
ous, doubtful. 

oli>xil Ishtidad, s. m. a. Con- 
firming, strengthening, increasing in 

y-^^ Ushtur, s. m. p. A Camel. 

\jU*>\, Ishtira, s. m. a. Buying, 
selling, commerce. 
• c^l^Lil Ishtirak, *. m. a. Partner- 
JUi-il Ishti^l, s. m. /. A. Inflam- 
ing, burning, lighting a fire or can- 
dle; fomenting or instigating a quar- 

^iUUJLA] Ishtidlak, s. f. a. p. A 
small flame, a quarrel. Ishtidlak dend. 
To foment quarrels, to encourage 
bad actions, to abet. 

jULii Ishtighal, s. m. a. Occu- 
pation, employment, study. 

(jlfiJLij, Ishtiqaq, s. m. a. Deriva- 
tion of one word from another. 

^-•t Ushtulum, s. m.v. Celeritj'-, 
violence, taking anything by force, 
injustice, a. Firm. 

JUuij. Ishtimal, s. m. a. Com- 
prehension, containing. 

LfJ^i Ishtiha, s. f. a. Appetite, 

desire, hunger. 
jl^LiJ. Ishtihar, s. m. A. Publica- 
tion, divulging, fame, rumour, re- 
port, renown. 
^J^l Ashti, s. /.P. 1. Peace, 
concord, reconcihation, agreement, 
convention, confederacy. 2. Amour 
d^^i Ishtiyaq, s. m. a. Wish, 

desire, strong inclination, 
jlsr^l Asbjar, s. plur. o/Shajar, 

A. Trees. 
^lsr«i Ashja, a. compar. o/Shuja, 

A. More or most valiant or brave. 
(jcU:^ Ashkhas, s. plur. ©/"Sliakhs, 

A. Persons. 
^\ Ashadd, a. compar. of Sha- 
did, A. More or most vehement, 
severe, strong. 
^1 Asharr, a. compar. of Sharir, 
A. More or very vicious, malignant, 
atrocious ; or simply vicious, &c. 
j\j-^\ Ashrdr, s. j)lur. o/ Sharir, a. 
Wicked, wretched, criminal, seditious 
ol^l Ashraf, s. 2>lur. of Sharif, 
A. Nobles, grandees, gentlemen, men 
of high birth, 
(ji^l Ishraq, s. m, A. Splendour, 
lustre, beauty. 


( 26 ) 


li'l^i Ishi-ak, s. m. A. Participat- 
ing, entering into partnership. 

dj^\ Ashraf, a. compar. of Sha- 
rif, A. More or most noble, &c. s. m. 
A gentleman, a nobleman. Ashraf -ul- 
makhluqdt, The most excellent of 
created beings, mankind. 

J>j^\ Ashrafi, s. f. v. A gold coin 

"(worth about £ 1. lis. 8d.) The 
weight is 190.894 grains troy, and 
it is purer than English standard 
gold by five shillings in the ounce or 
about -^. 

jV*^ Ash^r, s. plur. o/ Shir, A. 
Verses, poems. 

k-**.^! Ashab, n. prop. a. Name 
of a man notorious for greediness. 

«*&! Ashia, s. plur. o/Shu^, a. 
Rays of light. 

JUUt Ashghal, s. plur. of Shughl, 
A. Labours, cases, occupations, em- 

CjIaAI Ashfaq, s. plur. of Shafaqat, 
A. Kindnesses, favours, compassion, 

,/iiiT Ashuftagi, s. f. P. Dis- 
traction, perturbation ; uneasiness, 

Aift^T Ashufta, a. p. Distracted, 
distressed, disturbed, disordered, 
wretched, miserable, uneasy. A'skuf- 
ta-hdl. Distressed in condition. A'.- 
kkdtir, Afflicted in mind. A'.dimdghi, 
or A'.-sari, s. f. Distraction of mind 
or of the senses. A'.-zulf, or A'.-vm, 
With dishevelled hair, shaggy. A'.- 
taba, Distracted, troubled in mind. 

«£t-l Ashk, «. m. p. A tear, tears. 
Ashk-afshdn, Shedding tears. Ashk- 
bdr, part. act. Weeping, shedding 
tears. Ashk-bari,s.f. Weeping. 

j^T Aishkar, or Ashkara, a. p. 
Apparent, clear, revealed, known, 

J^l Ashkal, s. plur, of Shakl, a. 

Forms, figures, shapes, appearances, 

J^l Ishkal, s. m. a. Ambiguity, 
difficulty, suspicion ; painfulness. 

cMl Ashall, a. a. Having a dis- 
jointed, withered, or paralytic hand. 

(•U-ii Isbniam, s. m. a. Diffusing 
odour ; shedding perfume ; giving to 
a quiescent consonant a slight sound 
of Zamm or Kasr, but so as not to 
lengthen the syllable or make a syl- 
lable more. 

0*^\ Ashmal, a. compar. of Sha- 
mil, A. More or most comprehensive, 
perfect, complete, surpassing, tran- 

li.AT Aishna, S. m. f. p. An ac- 
quaintance, lover, friend. A'shnd- 
parast. Friendly, attentive to friends. 

^LLAf Ashnai, s. f. P. Acquaint- 
ance, friendship. A', karnd, To as- 
sociate, to unite. A', lagnd. To be- 
come intimate, to be united in friend^ 

aibU-il A^shnayana, adv. p. In a 
friendly way, through friendship. 

V^t Ashob, or Ashub, s. m, p. 
1. Tumult, clamour. 2. Terror. 3 
Misfortune. 4. Storm, tempest. 5. 
An impostor. A'shob-gih, Place of 
tumult, &c. 

.st|.«l Ishhad, s. in. A. Taking to 
witness, bringing proof. 

i>\^\ Ashhad, s. plur. of Shahid, 
A. Witnesses, eye-witnesses, they 
who were present at any transaction. 

Vt^' Ashhab. a. a. Of a black 

and white colour in which the white 
prevails ; grey (a horse), dun-colour- 
ed (a camel or mule). 
«x^( Ashhadu, v. a. 1st pers. pres. 
tense. I bear witness. Ashhadu an Id 
ildha iUd-lldh, I bear witness that 
there is no God but God. 

( 27 ) 




^^•Al Ashliar,a. compar. o/Shuhrat, 
A. More or most celebrated or known. 

Li-wl Ashya, s. plur, of Shai, a. 
Things, effects. 

c>tj«iT Ashiyan, 1 *. m. p. A bird's 

*jlji^T Xshiyana, J nest. 

ji:l£\ Asagliir, a. plur. o/Asghar, 
A. Little, mean, contemptible, poor. 

iZ^)Le} Asalat, or Isalat, s. f. a. 
Firmness, integrity, genuineness, the 
being well rooted, constancy, solidity 
of judgment. 

lifUsl Asalatan, adv. a. Firmly, 
entirely, absolutely, radically. 

vl^*^1 As'hab, s. plur. 0/ Sahib, 
A. Lords, masters, grandees, com- 
panions, friends, apostles. (In comp.) 
Possessed of ; as, As'hdb-i-ilm, Pos- 
sessed of knowledge, learned man. 

j\<i^l Isdar, s. m. a. Producing, 

appearing, issuing. 
Jj^i Israr, s. m. a. 

perseverance (especially in evil). 

ol^i Israf, s.m. a. Expenditure, 
waste, prodigality. Isrof karni. To 

cLlavsi Istibagh, s. m. a. Imbu- 
ing, staining ; dipping, immersion. 

Jula/«i Istabal, s. m. a. A stable. 

^)ijk>ci Usturlab, 5. /. G. An As- 

^iUa^l Istilah, s. f. A. A phrase, 
idiom, technical term, figure in rheto- 
ji>^\ Asghar, a. compar. ofj^*^, a. 
Less, very little, mean, little. 

»Ju^t ^saf, s. m. Pi.. 1 . The Caper 
tree (Caparis spinosa). 2. The name 
of a man supposed to have been 
Solomon's wazir. A'sif rii. Prudent 
as Asaf. A'saf-ud-daula, The Asaf of 
the state. 

j\&^\ Asfar, s. plur. of Sifr, a. 

E 2 

y^\ Asfar, a. A. Yellow. 

J^l Asl,* s. f. A. Root, origin, 
foundation, lineage ; capital, principal 
sum, stock in trade. 

^t Asia, or Asian, adv. a. By no 
means, never, not at all. Asldn mut- 
laqan, Never absolutely, by no 

^^i Islah, s. f. A. Correction, 

i^_yJ\ (J^e{ Aslu-s-sus, s. m. A. 

J^l Aslah, a. compar. of J^'^, a. 
Best, most correct, most advisable. 

^'o^ Asli, a. A. Original, radical, 
essential, genuine, principal ; noble, 
of a noble family. 

^\ Asanim, a. a. Deaf; a surd 
number (in Arithmetic) opposed to 
muntiq. Jazr-i-asamtn, The square 
root of a surd. 

oli^l Asnaf, *. plur. of Sinf, a. 
Sorts, kinds. 

Jj^1 Usui, s. plur. o/Asl, a. 
Root, causes ; a musical mode or 
tone. Usiilwafurua, Roots and bran- 
ches, causes and effects. 

Ji^f Asil, a. A. Wellborn, noble, 
genuine. (In Hind.) s.f. A maid-ser- 

cJUl Izafat, 8. f. A. Addition, 
adjunct, reference, annexation ; con- 
struction of one noun with another. 

aiUol Izafa, s. m. a. Addition, 
junction, annexation, augmentation, 

»_)[^k^( Iztirab, s. m. a. Agita- 
tion, perturbation, restlessness, an- 
guish, trouble, chagrin. 

jlfk^l Iztirar, *. m. a. Violence, 
constraint ; agitation. 

oU^i Az^f, a. plur. of Zif, a. 

<Ji*^\ Azaf, a. compar. of<J^^^y a. 
Very weak or helpless, most impotent. 

( 28 ) 

^it^l AAi, s. plur. of Zila, a. 
Ribs, sides ; districts, divisions (of 
land), convexities, arches. 

^-i^Usl Itaat, s. f. A. Subjection, 
submission, obsequiousness, obedi- 
ence, reverence, worshippin^j. 

U:t Atibba, s. plur. o/Tabib, a. 

cii^Jsl Atraf, s. plur. of Taraf, a. 
Sides, environs, confines, skirts, dis- 

lA^i Itfa, s. m. A. Extinction. 

Jlikl Atfal, s. plur. of Tifl, a. 

^iUsi Ittil4, 8. f. A. Manifesting, 
notice, declaring, investigation, in- 
formation, knowledge. Itld, Informa- 

6^-fcl Itlaq, s. m. A. Setting at 
liberty, divorcing, disengagedness, 

(jsilsl Atlas, s, m. a. Satin. 

oUxJsi Itmman, s. f. a. Tran- 
quillity, rest, repose, quiet, content, 
security. L-i-khdtir, Peace of mind. 

j'jJsl Atwar, s. m. plur. of Taur, 
A. Manners, behaviour, devoirs. 
Khushatwdr, Well behaved, well- 

jl^Jst At'har, a. plur. o/Tahir, a. 
Pure, chaste. 

^lAzlam, a. coinpar. of f^^, a. 
More or most unjust, tyrannical, &c. 

jl^i Izhar, s. m. a. Manifesta- 
tion, revelation, demonstration, pub- 

_j^\ Azbar, a. compar. ofj^^, a. 
Very clear, more evident. Azharu 
mina-sh-shamsi, Clearer than the sun. 

•^1*1 lanat, s. f. a. Help, aid, 
assistance, favour. 

jUipi Itibar, s. m. a. 1. Confidence, 
faith, belief, credit, reliance, respect, 
esteem. 2. Taking as an example. 

reasoning by comparison. Itibar 
rakhnd, To give credit to, to believe. 

(^jiy^l Itibari, a. a. Of credit, 

Jt4^i Itidal, s. m. a. Evenness, 
equilibrium, moderation, temperate- 
ness, temperature, rectitude, 
jljifj. Itizar, s. m. a. Excuse, 

;jc[/*i Itiraz, s.f. a. Opposition, 
refusing assent, objecting, discus- 
sion, criticism, animadversion. 

ol^i Itiraf, s. m. a. Confession, 
acknowledgment, avowal. 

3[)Ici Itizaz, s. m. a. Excellence, 

Ji>i*j. Itizal, s. m. a. Secession, 

^Lai^i Itisam, s. m. a. Abstain- 
ing from what is irreligious or un- 

^Ifiipi Itiqad, s. m. a. Confidence, 
faith, trust, belief. 

o^^l Itikaf, s. m. A. 1. Con- 
tinuing in the place of worship or 
mosque (especially at Mecca). 2. 
Restraining, curbing the passions 
from religious motives (during the 

dU^l Itimad, s. m. a. Reliance, 
trust, faith, confidence, dependence. 

1^*1 Itina, s. f. A. Care, atten- 
tion, study, labour. 

j^l Ijaz, s. m. A. Disappoint- 
ment ; miracle, wonder, astonishment, 
amazement, surprise. Ijdzi-Masihi, 
A Messiah-miracle, (i. e. a cure like 
the cures of Christ.) 

^>s*f IJjuba, s. m. a. A wonder, 
a miracle. 

I<^*t Ada, s. plur. o/ Adu, a. Ene- 

vLr*l Irab, s. m. A. The notation 
of the vowel points, the vowel points. 

( 29 

A. Aversion, 


avoiding, dislike. 

ol^l Araf, s. m. A. Purgatory ; 
a wall intervening between heaven 
and hell. [lame. 

^y^i Araj, a. a. Lame by nature, 

3l>p) Izaz, s. m. a. Honour- 
ing, magnifying, respect, attention, 

%y\ A'izza, a. compar. plur. of 
Aziz, A. The most excellent, worthy, 
or dear. 

^^\ Aza, s.plur, of Azo, a. Mem- 
bers, limbs. 

(J^\ Azam, a. compar. of Azim, 
A. Greater or greatest. 

^t Ala, a. A. for ii^l^l, q. v. 

(•^1 1 lam, s. m. a. Proclaiming, 
indicating, announcing ; a notification, 
a warrant. 

o^l Ilan, s. m. a. Divulging 
manifesting, publishing. 

^1 Alara, a. compar. of fJ^, a. 
More or most wise. 

^1^*l Ala, a. compar. of t^t*, a. 
Higher, highest, most high, most 

1*^1 Ami,a.plur.of,y^^i a. Blind. 

JUpI Imal, s. A. Causing or teach- 
ing to act or operate. 

JU^t Amal, s. plur, of Amal, A. 
Actions, &c. 

^\ Ama,* a. a. Blind. 

^i)^s\ Ayan, *. plur, of Ain, a. 
Eyes ; grandees, nobles. 

l*T A^gha, 8. m. t. Lord, chief, 

jiff Aghaz, s. m, p. Beginning, 


(3L/*1 Ighrdq, s.m. a. Causing to 
drown, submersion. 

Ai-^T Aghashta, part. p. Moisten 
ed, macerated, mixed, polluted. 

O^l Ighlaq, s. m. A. 1 . Anything 
difficult to be understood or abstruse. 
2. An obstacle. 

(*^i Ighlam, *. m. A. \, Inflam- 
ing with desire, provoking to venery. 
2. Sodomy. 

V^' Aghlab,a. compar. of^^,A. 
Superior, stronger, adv. Most likely. 

y-^l Ighmaz, s. m. a. Detrac- 
tion : sometimes used for the follow- 
ing word. 

(_jcU*l Ighmaz, s.m. a. Dissimu- 
lation, connivance, superciliousness, 
ogling, coquetry. 

li^l Aghniya, a. plur. o/Ghani, 
A. Independent, rich. 

t^i Ighwa, s. m. a. Seduction, 
temptation. Ighwd Jcarna, To seduce, 
to lead astray. 

tj>y>1 Aghosh, s. f. p. Embrace, 

jVj^I Aghyar, s.plur. o/Ghair, a. 
Strangers, foreigners, unknown per- 
sons, rivals. 

of Uf, interj. a. Fye, poh, for 
shame, alas. Uf karnd. To disap- 
prove, to lament. 

olif Km, S. plur. o/Afat, a. Ca- 
lamities, misfortunes, evils, dangers. 

<3^f j^faq, s. plur. of Ufq, a. 
Horizons, quarters of the heaven or 
earth ; regions. 

•^51*1 Ifaqat, s. f. a."\ Convales- 

A»t»i Ifaqa, s.m. A.Jcence, re- 

cJf i^fat,* s.f. A. Calamity, mis- 
fortune, wretchedness. A'fat-rasida, 
Unfortunate, wretched. 

vlJ^f .^ftab, *. m. p. The sun, 
sunshine. A.'parast, A worshipper 
of the sun. A.'parasti, Sun-worship. 
A.'gir, A parasol, an umbrella. 

*jli»f Aftaba, s. m. p. An ewer. 
4^U»f Xftdbi, s, f, p. A parasol 


( 30 ) 

of a particular form ; a target stud- 
ded with gold. a. Faded by the sun, 

liLiif Uftad, '^part. pass, p. Fal- 

ii\ii1 Uftada,J len. 

4^.iL"f Uftadagi, *. /. p. A falling. 

c»!>4^J c»'A*'f Uftan o khezan, p. 
Now falling, now rising. 

L>li»T Aftawa, *. m. p. see Xftaba. 

jtii^'i Iftikhar, s. m. a. Glory, 
honour, elegance, gracefulness. 

l;i^l Iftira, s. /. a. Fiction, ca- 

.sl/»l Afrad, s. plur, of Fard, a. 
Individuals, single ones, singular 

>tyl Ifrad, *. m, a. Withdraw- 
ing from society. 

yj>\ Mxizjpart. act. p. (In comp.) 
Exalting, raising. 

iJ<x»,\j»\ Afrasiyab, n. prop, v. 
Name of an ancient king who from 
Tartary invaded Persia and was slain 
by Rustum. 

Jsi^i Ifrat, s. m. f. a. Excess, 
superfluity. Ifrdt-i-akhldt, or Ifrdt-i- 
khun. Plethora. 

3l/»l Mtoz, part. act. V. (In comp.) 
Illuminating, enlightening. 

jlf«^>f Afnd-gar, s. m, p. The 

^-ijyf Afrida, part. pass. p. Creat- 
ed ; a creature. 

c^t Afrin, *. /. p. Praise, interj. 
Bravo ! well done \ part. (In comp.) 
Creating, creator, as Jahdn-afrin, 
Creator of the world. Afrtn kamd, 
To praise, to applaud. 

cr^T Afrinish, s, f. p. Crea- 

jolvjyt ^rininda, p. p. Creator. 

]y\ Mzk, part, act. p. (In comp.) 

o^l>»! Afzaish, s, /, p. lucrease. 

•U)*' Afziid, s, m. p. Increase, 
addition, abundance, a. More, great- 

ejj>»l Afziin, a. p. Increasing, 
more, greater, manifold, much. 

^Jj>y\ Afzuni, s. f. P. Increase, 

AjLii Afsana, *. m. p. A fiction, 
tale, story, romance. 

^r**l Afsar, s. m. f. p. A crown, 
a diadem. 

^^^_jMi\ Afsurdagi, s. f. p. Dejec- 
tion, melancholy, lowness or depres- 
sion of spirits. 

jj.5^1 Afsurda, a. p. Frozen, 
withered, jaded ; dejected, dispirited, 
low-spirited, melancholy. A.-khdtir, 
Depressed in mind, dispirited, ^.-di/. 
Faint-hearted, low-spirited, dejected. 

u^>~j! Afsos, s. m. p. Sorrow, 
concern, vexation, interj. Ah ! alas ! 

irtr^l Afsun, s. m. p. Incantation, 
a spell, verses used in spells or en- 
chantment, fascination, sorcery. A- 
sdzi,s.f. Enchantment. A. kamd. To 
enchant, to use spells or incantations. 
A.-gar, An enchanter, one who uses 
spells, a sorcerer. 

L^i Ifsha, s. m. a. Divulging, 

ii)lL»\ Afshan, part. p. Scatter- 
ing, strewing, shedding, dispersing, 
pouring out, scatterer, &c. (used 
chiefly in composition) ; as, Gul- 
afshdn, Scattering roses. Zar-afshdn.' 
kaghaz. Paper sprinkled with gold. 

j^UJ! Afshani, a. v. Sprinkled, 
scattered, dispersed. Afshdni-kdghaz, 
Paper sprinkled with gold. (In comp.) 
s.f. Scattering, sprinkling. 

iij»*»\ Afshurda, part. pass. p. 

Pressed, squeezed out, filtered. 
^'^\ Afsah, a. compar. of ^^, a. 

Very eloquent, speaking very correct- 




( 31 ) 


JLa*I Afzal, s. plur, o/Fazl, A. 

Graces, virtues, favours. 

J^l Afzal, a. compar. ofO^^'j A; 
More or most excellent. 

vioJLAil Afzaliyat, s. f. A. Excel- 
lence, pre-eminence. 

j^i Iftar, 9. in. a. Breaking a 
fast. If tar karnd. To break one's fast 
in the evening after fasting all day 
(as Musalmans do during the month 

JU^I Afdl, *. plur. of Fial, a. Ac- 
tions, &c. 

^«il Afdl, (vulg. Afi) s. m. A. A 

iyU»( Afghan, 1, s. m. See Fi- 
ghan. 2. n. prop. An Afghan or 
Pathan. The Arabic plur. is Afdghi- 
na, and the Pers.^^wr. Afghdn-dn. 

i}*1 Ufq, or Ufuq,* s. m. a. 1. 
The horizon. 2. A tract or region of 
the earth. 3. (pretichj. The world. 
J^>\ Afkar, s. plur. of Fikr, A. 
Thoughts, meditations, opinions, 

jK>( Afgar, a. p. Wounded. 

ej^l Afgan, j9ar/. p. (In comp.) 
Casting, throwing down, casting 

u-iUj: IflSs, 9. m. A. Poverty, 
penury, bankruptcy. 

o^isil^l Aflatun, n. prop. A. Plato. 

c^iUl Aflak, *. plur. of Falak, a. 
The heavens, heavenly bodies, celes- 
tial orbs or spheres. 

^lyl Afwdj, 9. plur of Fauj, a. 
Armies, crowds. A.-i-qdhira, A vic- 
torious army. 

j$l>»l Afwali, plur. of Fiili, a. 1 . *. 
m. Months. 2. s. f. Doutful news. 
3. Fame, report. 

4«4ty< Afwahi, a. a. Reported, 
famed, noised about. 

(^1 Afiui, *./. n, Opiui»« 

j^»Ht*l Afinichi, a. -> Hi Eater of 

«^i*l Afiman, a./. V opium; 

t5^l Afimij a. m. J (fig.) a sot. 

ii)>t»l Afyun, 9. f. A. Opium. 

C5W' Afyuni, o. a. see Afmichi, 

1>T i^qa, 5. w. p. Master, owner. 

w;l*l Aqarib, *. plur, of Qarib, a. 

j^l»l Aqalim, 9. plur. of Iqlim, A. 
Climes, climates, regions. 

<:^-<e^t Iqamat, 9. f. a. Resting, 
staying, abode, residence, dwelling. 

JLx*i Iqbal, 9. m. A. Prosperity, 
good fortune, auspices. Iqbdluhu, 
His good fortune. Iqbiiluhum, Their 
good fortune. 

«5^^*l Iqbal-mand, a. a. P. Pros- 
perous, fortunate. 

u"^J^i Iqtibas, 9. m. a. Borrow- 
ing (fire from another) ; acquiring,, 
procuring, gsuning, asking, begging,, 

\<^i Iqtida, 9. m. A. Following,, 

j\Assi Iqtidar, *. m. a. Power, 
authority ; excellence, dignity. 

l*Li>[ Iqtisam, 9, m. a. Division', 

jUauI. Iqtisar, 9. m. A. Abbrevia- 
tion, abridgement, restriction ;. deter- 
mining or fixing the bounds of any- 
thing ; failing, wasting. 

(•I.x»i Iqdam, 9. m. a. Intrepidity, 

endeavour, effort, diligence, Spirit,, 
resolution, firmness, attention. 
{j'"^9\ AqdaSj a. compar.ofu^^y a^ 
Very or most holy, most sacred. 

j\j>i Iqrar, 9. m. a. Confession, 
confirmation, assurance, promise, 
agreement, attestation. Iqrdr karnd. 
To promise, confess, &c, Iqrdr-ndma, 
s, m. Written agreement, bond, con- 
tract, indenture; &c. 


( 32 ) 


w/l Aqrab, a. compar. of Qarib, 
A. More or most near. 

4/1 Aqraba, s. pin?: of Qarib, a. 
Kindred, friends, allies. 

IsLit Aqsat, s. plur. of Qist, a. 
Portions, instalments. 

j»Li| Aqsanij s.plur, o/Qism, a. 
Sorts, kinds, various, kinds, every 

l-ai>l Aqsa, ^ a. compar. of ,^, 

j^-aJ*'! Aqsa^ J a. Extreme, most 
distant ; extremely. 

cU>l Aqall, a. compar. of Qalil, a. 
Less, least. Aqall o aksar, Least and 
most, every particular. 

f^h Iqlim,* s. m. a. Clime, 
climate, region, country. 

Jlyl Aqwal, s. plur. of Qaul, a. 
Words, sayings, agreements, pro- 

(>]y>\ Aqwam, s. plur. of Qaum, a. 
Tribes, people, nations, casts. 

I^i Ikka, a. s. Single, incompara- 
ble, unique, super-excellent, s. m. An 
earring of a single pearl ; an orna- 
ment worn on the wrist. 

^1^1 Akabir, a. plur. of Akbar, a. 
The great j people of rank. Akdbir 
wa asdghir, High and low, rich and 

fj^^i Ikasi, a. s. Eighty-one. 

Jl^l Akkal, a. superl. ofO^\y a. A 
glutton, a gormandizer. 

isy^l Ikannauwe, a. s. Ninety- 

cyl^l Ikawan, a. h. Fifty-one. 

^1 Akbar, * a. compar. o/Kabir, 
A. Greater, very great, greatest. 

**i^* I Ik-pecha, s. m. s. p. Name 
of an ornament for the head. 

tj»jJlJ^i Iktalis, a. ii. Forty-one. 

Ijliof Uktand, v. n. s. To fret, be 
melancholy or dejected ; to be out of 
humour with ; to lire, to be tired of. 

t-jL-U"! Iktisab, s. m. a. Acquisi- |l 

tion, gain. 
Lftj^i Iktifa, s. f. A. Sufficiency, i 

<j*jj^i Iktis, a. s. Thirty-one. 
l«^i Ikatha, or Ikattha, a. s. 

Collected together, in one place. 

^) Aksar, a. compar. of y^, a. 
Most, many, much. adv. Generally, 
for the most part, usually, often. 
Aksar auqdt. At most times, general- 
ly, frequently. 

^l^l Aksariya, adv. a. General- 
ly, often, for the most part. 

(♦<*S']. Ik-dam, h. p. One moment. 

1*1^1 Akram, s. plur. of Karam, a. 
Favours, kindnesses, obligations, ho- 
nour, respect. 

(•I/S"! Ikram, s. m. a. Honouring, 
complimenting, treating with atten- 
tion and ceremony. 

81/S'i Ikrah, s.f. a. Horror, aver- 
sion, abhorrence, detestation. 

Cj^\ Akram, a. compar. of Karim, 
A. Very kind, merciful, generous, 

y\ Akar, s. f. u. Crookedness; 

j^y\ Akar-baz, s. m. h. p. An 

affected person, a fop, a swaggerer. 

Jlj^\ Akar-bai, s. f. u. The 

Ijj^l Akarna, v. n. h. To writhe, 

to ache, to be cramped, to become 

stiff or rigid ; to strut affectedly. 
jj^i Ukru, s. m. h. Squatting ; 

sitting on the hams with the soles of 

the feet on the ground. 

*4^i Iksath, a. s. Sixty-one. 

_j^l Ik-sar, a. s. p. Single. 

ji-^i Iksir or Aksir, *, /. a. A 
powder or mixture pretended to have 
the power of converting other raetals 

( 33 ) 

to gold or silver ; the philosopher's 
stone; an elixir; elchemy chemistry. 

c^l AUl, s. m. A. Eating; food. 
Akl shurb, Eating and drinking, 
meat and drink. 

^^l Ikla, a. m. s. Alone. 

Ij^I Ik-lauta, a. s. Only. 

Jj^i (JJi"! Iklil-ul-jabal, s. m. a. 
(Mountain-crown), a herb smelling 
like frankincense, rosemary. 

^i^Ul cUioj. lUlil-nl-malik, s. m. a. 
(King's crown), Melitot. 

JUi"]. Ikmal, s. m. a. Perfecting, 

0'^\ Akmal, a. compar of Kamil, 
A. More or most perfect, corai)lete, 
entire, full. 

*^l Akmah, a. a. Blind from 
birth, blind. 

oIaS"! Aknaf, s.plur. o/Kanaf, a. 
Borders, confines, environs, sides. 

cjjj^l Aknun, adv. v. Now. 

^y Akor, s.f. H. A bribe. 

LS)^^ Akori, a. ii. One who re- 
ceives a bribe. 

VjjL^f Ukharna, v. a. s. To root 
u]), eradicate, break or pluck up. 

j^i^i Ikhattar, a. s. Seventj^-one. 

Ijjj^^f Ukhrana, v. a. s. s. s. as 

iJjfjS'f Ukharna, v. n. s. To be 
rooted up, plucked up, or raised up. 
Ukkafnd pukharnd, To be plucked or 
rooted up. 

^J■^1 Ukhli, S.f. s. A mortar. 

(jf^l Ikkis, a. H. Twenty-one. 

iUrt Akela, a. s. Alone. 

kJT Ag, s.f. 8. Fire, jtff ufhdnd, 
V. a. To raise a disturbance, to en- 
rage, to provoke, yi'ff bujhdnn, v. a. 
To extinguish fire ; to appease a tu- 
mult, to pacify a quarrel, to still re- 
sentment. A'(/ barasnd, v. n. To rain 
fire (applied to the extreme heat of 

the sun or to a hot fire of cannon or 
musketry in battle). A'g barnd, v. n. 
To become enraged ; to be very hun- 
gry. A'g bhaknd, or A'g phdnknd,v. a. 
To speak idle words, to boast. A'g 
parnd, v. n. To become enraged; as, 
Us par dg parti hai, He is enraged ; 
also 5. s. as, A'g barasnd, A'g dend,To 
burn a corpse. A'g sulgdnd. To in- 
flame ; to excite sedition, to foment 
a quarrel clandestinely. A'g karnd, 1. 
To make anything hot. 2. To excite 
envy or anger. A'g lagdnd, To set 
on fire, to enflame ; to enrage, to 
cause disturbance. A'g lagnd, To be 
enraged ; to be very hungry. A'g 
luge par billt kd miit dhundhnd or 
mdngnd, To put oft', to delay or ex- 
cuse one's self on vain pretences. 
A'g lent; ko dud, To come to get fire 
(s])oken of a short visit). A'g men pdni 
ddlnd, s. s- as, A'g bujhdnd. A'g mev 
kisi ki jalnd, or lotnd, or gkair kt dg 
mev jalnd, To bring reproach upon, to 
accuse, or suff'er for another, A'g men 
lotnd, To be afflicted with grief or 
melancholy. A'g hand, To be enraged. 

I^T Kgi, s. m. a. The front, the 
forepart; the space in front of a 
house. A'gd pichhd karnd, v. n. To 
hesitate, to waver. 

Sjl^l Igarah, a. s. Eleven. 

(_5j(j'l Agan, adv. s. Before, in 
front, forward, farther on. s. f. The 
ropes with which a horse's feet are 
tied. Agdri mdrnd. To attack in 
front, to defeat in a pitched battle. 
Agdfi pichhari lagdnd, To tie a horse's 
legs before and behind. 

J^f Ugal, s. m. s. That which ia 
spit out after chewing any thing 
(especially betel leaf). 

cjl<>-'(^f Ugal-dan, s. m. s. p. A 

Ijt^f Dgand, v. a. s. To cause to 

grow, &c. 


( 34 ) 


j^ Agau, adv. s. Before, in front, 
(see Aga.) 

J!(fT Agah, a. p. Informed of, ac- 
quainted with, intelligent, vigilant, 
conscious, aware. 

IJAl^f Ugahna, v. a. s. To gather, 
collect, accumulate. 

f^^l j^gahi, s. f. p. Information, 
intelligence, vigilance. 

^Ad*/ Ugalii, s. /. s. 1. Usury. 
2. The business of lending money on 
interest of one-fourth or 25 per cent. 
^\ Agar, conj. p. If. 
^1 Agar, s. m. s. Wood of aloes. 

*A^I Agarchi, cow/, p. Although. 

j^j^l Agar-bagar, s.m.H. Trifling 
employment or talk, trifles, trash. 

^1 Agla, a. s. 1 . Prior, preceding, 
first, foremost, former, chief, princi- 
pal. 2. Ancestor, ancient. 3. Other, 

IJJff Ugalna, v. a. s. To spit out, 
to vomit; (metaph.) to refund pro- 
perty surreptitiously obtained. 

IJ^T iig-mana, s. m. s. The ad- 
vanced guard, a. Adventurous, ven- 
turesome; forward (as fruit). 

^1 Ugna, V. n. s. To grow, to be 
produced, to rise (as the moon). Ugte 
hijal-jdnd, To be withered immedi- 
ately on springing up. 

jl^e/l Agin-bao, *./. s. The farcy 
in horses ; an eruptive disease in men. 

^T Agu, a. s. Forward, adv. Be- 
fore, heretofore. 

1^1 Agwa, a. s. Foremost, s. A 
guide, forerunner, harbinger; one 
who adjusts a marriage. 

I^T Agwa, s. m. s. A pommel. 

Ijtj5| Agwara, s. m. s. see Aga. 

jjfAl/l Agwahi, s. f. s. Confla- 

t5'!>^' Agwa'i, s.f. s. 1. Conflagra- 
tion. 2. (from Agwa) Guidance. 

*^f A'gah, a. p. see Agah. 

iJjLg^f UghSrna, v. a. s. To un- 
cover, discover, unveil, open, pull 

^y%^1 Ugharna, v. n. s. To be un- 
covered, &C. V. 8. 

t^^\ Aghan, s. m. s. The eighth 
Hindu month, (Nov. -Dec) 

t^t^t Agahi, s. f. P. see Agahi. 

/T Age, adv. s. Before, in front, 
beyond, more, ago, already, formerly, 
forwards, farther, onwards ; then, 
hence, rather, sooner. A'ge dhar 
lend, To get before, outstrip, surpass, 
to pass (as a horse in a race). A'ge 
and, To come forward ; to hasten, to 

IJ^^I Agyana, v. a. s. To burn 
vessels of metal for the purpose of 
cleaning them. 

e>-jt^f Agin, adj. p. (In comp.) 

JT Al, s.f. II. Alree whose root 
yields a red dye (Morinda citrifolia). 

jT Al, s. f. A. Children, family, 
progeny, offspring, race, dynasty. 

^i Ilia, s. m. H. A wart. 

^j. Ilia, adv. A. If not, if, besides, 
except, otherwise, but, unless. 

euilT Alat, S. plur. of Ahit, a. In- 
struments, tools, utensils.| Ilachi, s.f. H. Cardamoms. 

?^f Ulagh, s. m. h. An owl. 

Sf\ Ulaq, s. f. T. A kind of small 

tyS(i Alaqi, s.f. plur. of^s^ii, a. I . 
Questions, problems. 2. Misfortunes. 

j*^T Alam, s. plur. of Alam, a. 
Pains, griefs. 

e;U>i/i Al-aman, s. m. a. Mercy, 
quarter ; calling for quarter in battle. 

c;U5/l Alaman, s. m. l. A Ger- 

al^UTcjill Al-an kama kana, adv. 


( 35 ) 


A. As before, as formerly, just as 

^'^i Ilayacha, *. h. A kind of 

silk cloth. 
4_,*i5li Ilaeclu, s. f. u. Carda- 

tA'.^)T Alaish, 5. /. P. Pollution, 

contamination, filth. 
j^V Alburz, s. m. p. The Elburz 

Moimtains south of the Caspian Sea. 
<ti>Jl Albatta, adv. a. Certainly, 

*^^ Alat,* *. /. A. A tool, an in- 
strument, an apparatus ; membrum 

virile, veretrum animalium. 
li'l A ltd, or Alta, s. m. s. Cotton 

strongly impregnated with the dye 

of Lac, ready to be used for dying 

(principally used by Hindu women 

for staining their feet red). 

ts^i Iltija, s. f. A. Fleeing to 
any one for relief or protection ; re- 
quest, petition, refuge, protection. 

(•1)^1 Iltizam, s. m. a. Being ne- 
cessary or expedient, being assidu- 
ous, taking on one's self. 

olfiiJl Iltifat, s. f. A. Friendship, 
kindness, obligation, courtesy, re- 
spect; an apostrophe (in rhetorick). 

(^LsJl Iltimas, s. m. f. a. Be- 
seeching, petitioning, supplication, 
prayer, request. 

liu^l Altanigha, s. m. t. 1. The 
royal grant in perpetuity descend- 
ing to posterity, royal insignia, royal 
diploma. 2. A tax levied on travel- 
lers. 3. Tamgha, A stamp on gold or 
silver plate to certify its being of 
standard purity. 

fJ-iJ\ Altani, s. f. H. The rope 
round an elephant's neck, in which 
the rider puts his feet as in stirrups. 

Ui/f Ultha, s. m. H. Translation. 

w^jJl lltihab, s. m. a. Burning, 
heating, inflaming. 

F 2 

lA4JLff Ulathna, v. n. h. To undu- 
late, to be agitated. 

^'jJLli^ Iltiyam, s. m. a. Healing 
or closing of a wound. 

l^f Ulta, a. H. Reverse, opposite, 
contrary, reverted, turned back. s. m. 
Pease pudding, pudding made of the 
meal of any pulse. 

llXAiJi Ulta-pulta, a. h. Topsy- 
turvy, higgledy-piggledy. 

Ijlllf Ultana, v. a. h. To overturn, 
overset, pervert, thwart, reverse. 

LililjGWf Ultana-pultana, v. a. h. 
1. To reverse, to modify. 2. To in- 

oijoiJf Ulat-pulat, a. u. s. s. as 
Ulta-pulta, s. f. Confusion, inter- 

^^^ Ulatna, v. a. ii. s. s. as 
Ultana ; also to reply, v. n. To be 
reversed, turned over or back, to re- 
tu rn. 

^^1 Alju, interj. a. (Used in 
complaining of hunger). 

tjl^-'f Uljhana, v. a. h. To en- 
tangle, ravel, or entwist (thread). 

jL^f Uljhao, *. m. h.1 Entan- 
iif«^f Uljhan, s.f. h.J glement, 

perplexity, intricacy, complication, 


iHsr'f Ulajhna, or Ilajhna, h. 1. 

V. n. To be intangled ; to be involved 

(in difficulties). 2. v. a. To quarrel, to 

^l^i Ilhah, s. f. A. Solicitation, 

urgency, importunity. 
(3^* ! Ilhaq, s. m. a. Annexation, 

junction, addition. 

Jlisr'l Al-hdl, adv. a. Now, at pre- 
sent, presently, just now. 

o'sr'i llhan, s. m. a. Note, 
sound, modulation, tune, an air in 
musick. Alhdn, s. plur. of Lahn, 
Notes, tones. 

Jl ( 36 

(3*'^» Al-haqq, adv. a. In truth, 
really, the truth. 

aU.x^I Al-hamdu-lillahi, a. God 
be praised. 

(iJlsr^l Alkhalaq, s. f. v. A coat, 

vest, garment. 
J^^\ Alar-balar, 5. /. n. .Trifling 
talk or employment. 

(•ijJi Ilzam, s. m. a. Conviction, 
confutation, reproof, censure, proof. 

j»2LJ| As-salam, a. see Salam. 

Ai-Jl Alsina, s. plur. of Lisan, a. 

^^^ Alsi, s.f. H. Linseed. 

ij^ Ulash, s. m. t. The leavings 
of a superior. 

viLbJl Altaf, s. m. plur. o/Lutf, 
A. Kindnesses, favours. 

AJJc>*.fe*J| Al-azmatu-lillahi, a. 
Great is God ! (an ejaculation ex- 
pressive of surprise, fear, denial.) 

j'i'! Ilghar, s. p. A forced march 
of an array. 

(^_/*'t Al-gharaz, adv. a. In short, 
upon the whole, in a word. 

2)ji^l Alghuza, 5. m. a. A whistle, 
pipe, flageolet. 

>--L*^i Al-ghiyas, 8. m. a. Com- 
plaint, complaining, demanding 

olJi Alf,* a. A. Thousand. 

Ift^l Alfa, s. m. A. A dress resem- 
bling a shirt without sleeves and 
open at the sides, worn by faqirs. 

JiviJi Alfaz, s. m. plur. o/Lafz, a. 
Words, articulate sounds, terms. 

4_<JJl Alif-be, s.f. p. The a, b, c ; 
the alphabet. 

*:>Aif Ulfat, s. f. a. Friendship, 
familiarity, intimacy, society, affec- 
tion, attachment, kindness. 

^Jj>J1 Ulfati, a. a. Friendly, deriv- 
ed from friendship. Ulfati-banda, At- 
tached from friendship. 



J^\ Ain, A. 1.5./. see Alfd. 2. 

a. Covered with marks like the letter 

Alif (cloth, &c.) 
1*^1 Ilqa, s. in. a. Inspiration. 

V^-" Alqab, s. ni. plur. of Laqab, 
A. Titles, honorary names ; forms of 
address, &c. in letters. 

^-^l Al-qissa, adv. a. In short, 

in a word. 
^\ Alag, a. s. Apart, separate, 

distinct. Alag alag, adv. Separately. 

Alag thalag. Apart. 
It'l Alga, «. s. 1. s. s. as Alag. 

2. s. m. A sandal. 
Ij'^'l Algana, v. a. s. To separate, 

to put on one side. 
iS^\ Alga-i, s. f. s. Separation. 

I^j^l Algoja, p. s. s. as «3>«Jl. 

aUI Allah, s. m. a. God. Alldhu 
akbar, God is great. Alldh alldk, 
An interjection expressive of surprise 
and approbation. Alldk re, O God ! 
my God ! Alldhumma salli aid Muham- 
madin, God be gracious to Muham- 
mad ! (An ejaculation expressive of 
approbation or satisfaction). 

^1 Alam,* *. m. a. Pain, grief, 

crUl Almas, s. m. p. A diamond. 
Almds-tardsh, \.s. m. Diamond dust. 
2. a. Cut into angles, as glass. 

fj^^Jl Almasi, a. p. Cut into 
facets, (like a diamond.) 

^^J^J^U\ Almdsi rang, s. m. p. 
A bright, clear, white colour. 

j»l^f^( AUam-ghallam, *. m. t. 
Trifling talk or business, toying, 
wickedness, mischievousness, 

u^LwJl Alam-nak, a. A. p. Full of 
pain or grief, afflicted. 

aU|c:-x»J| Alminatu-hllahi, A. Praise 
to God ! (An ejaculation of surprise, 
fear, denial, &c.) 


( 37 ) 



i^f j^lunj, s. p. A wild plum, a 


^iJ\ Alang, s. f. H. Side, way, 

corner. Ulang, a. s. Naked. 
*.^T Xlaiig, 5. /. p. Intrench- 

ment, trenches, 
yf Alii, *. m. s. An esculent root 

(Arum campanulatum), a potatoe, a 

yam, a sweet-potatoe. 
yf Ullu, s. m. s. An owl; (me- 

taph.) a stupid fellow, a blockhead, 

a fool. 
Unfyf Ulu, Ulwa, or Uliia, h. A 

kind of grass (Saccharum cylindri- 

c)!yi Alwan, a. 1 . *. plur of Laun, 

Colours. 2. a. Of various sorts and 

(i^jyf Ullu-pan, s. m. s.h. Stupi- 
dity, foolishness. 
<yT Alud, p. contract, of Aluda. 

jj^^yf Aludagi, *. /. P. Contami- 
nation, stain, foulness, defilement. 

»:iyT Aluda, part. pass. p. Defil- 
ed, stained, smeared, soiled; immer- 
sed, covered. 

4^yf Ulush, s. m. T. s. s. as 

tjt^i Ulush, s. u. A tribe or fa- 

oyf Uluf,a. plur. of Alf, a. Thou- 

,J^*. Alol, s. f. s. Gambol. Alol- 
kalol, Gambols, playsomeness, wan- 

Ijyi A-lona, a. s. Not salt, fresh, 
saltless, insipid. 

ti-jjAyf Uluhiyat, s. f. a. Divini- 
ty, deity. 

^T Ala, s. m. A. s. s. as Xlat. 

&i\ Ildh, *. m. A. God. 

l^T -Alha, n. pro}), ii. Name of a 
Hindu soldier and poet from whom 
a species of poetry takes its name. 

C\h Ilham, s. m. a. Inspiration, 


^i llahi, a. a. Divine, interj. 

" O God ! 

»^A^I Ilahiyat, s. f. a. The divi- 
nity, Godhead. 

^l Ila, prep. a. Up to, till. Ila- 
l-dn, Till this time. 

'-^jj'^ iili-rang, s. m. h. p. A 
colour extracted from the Al tree 
(Morinda citrafolia). 

^f Alini, a. A. Painful, excru- 

(•T Am, s. m. s. The mango-tree 
or fruit (Mangifera Indica). 

(•f Umm, s.f. A. Mother. 

^\ Amma, conj. a. But, more- 
over, nevertheless, however. 

^Lxif Amaj, s. m. p. A mark or 
butt for shooting arrows at. A'mdj- 
gdh, A place for shooting arrows. 

j^^i'ff Amadagi, s.f. p. Readi- 
ness, alertness. 

2!>il^T Amada, a. p. Prepared, 
ready, alert. 

e>;U)i Imarat, s. f. a. Govern- 
ment, lordship, office or dignity of 

Xjtol Ammara, a. a. Imperious, 
headstrong, obstinate. 

i_rU)T Amas, *. m. p. Smelling. 
Amds karnd. To smell. 

t/l^l Amdkin, *. plur. of Makdn, 
A. Mansions, habitations, places. 

C^i Imam,* s. m. A. 1. A leader 
in religious affairs, a prelate, patri- 
arch, priest, chief. 2. A large bead 
in a rosary which remains in the 
hand and is not turned over in count- 
ing (called by the Hindus Sumeru). 

<:^Ul Imamat, s.f. a. Office of 

^U\ Imamiya, a. Name of a 

Muhammadao sect who make AH 


( 38 ) 


the rightful Imam immediately after 

ttjl^l Aman, s. f. a. Safety, secu- 
rity, grace, mercy, protection, quar- 
ter (in war). 

oJUl Amanat, s. f, a. Deposit, 
charge, anything given in trust, 
faith, religion. Amdnat-ddri, s. f. 
Guardianship, agency, trust, charge, 

^Uf Amani, *./. a. 1. Security. 

" 2. Trust, charge, deposit. 3. a. (ap- 
plied to land) What is in charge of a 
collector on the part of Government 
(in opposition to Ijara, that which is 

iyU)| Amawat, s. m. s. The in- 
spissated juice of the Mango. 

c»ljj»t Am-bat, s. m. s. A windy 

vS"«f Unimat, s.f. a. People, sect, 
a people of the same religion. 

vyLsc^l Imtihan, s. in. a. Proof, 
trial, examination, experiment, temp- 

il.^i«J. Imtidad, a. 1. s. m. Pro- 
traction, prolongation, extension, 
prorogation. 2. a. Protracted. 

^Uxj. Imtila, s. m. a. Repletion, 

^ULoi Imtin^j s. m. a. Prohibi- 
tion, restraint. 
jLLoi Imtiyaz, s. m. a. 1. Dis- 
crimination, distinction, separation. 
2. Pre-eminence. 3. Goodbreeding, 
ceremony. I. kamd, To discriminate ; 
to treat with distinction. 

^jLLcl. Imtiyazi, a. a. 1. Having 
the quality of discriminating. 2. A 
person of distinction. 

<^1 ^mad, «. /. p. Arrival, in- 
come, coming. 

^'M Imdad, s. f. a. Assisting, 
aiding, succouf, help. 

•>^TA«t i^niad-amad, *. /. p. Ap- 

c>i;j^T Amad-raft, '\s.f. p. Com- 

«>^«>-cTiLmad-shud,J in«5 and go- 
ing; access and egress, intercourse. 

j^o^T Amdani, *. /.p. 1. Im- 
port, income, revenue, ways. 2. The 
season in which any merchandise 
generally arrives. 3. Perquisites, any 
thing gained over and above. 

j{A*T Amada, part. poss. p. Come. 

lij^lS^xif Umda dena, v. a. h. To 

Ij5^"f Umadna, v. n. h. To over- 
flow, to fall, to swell, increase, or be 
poured out (as a river, clouds, an 
army, the heart.) 

^1 Amr,* s. m. A. 1. An order, 
a command. 2. The imperative mood 
in grammar. 3. An aff"air, a trans- 

yA .^mir, part. act. a. One who 
orders, a commander, a ruler. 

1^1 Amra, s. ni. s. The hog-plum 
(Spondias mangifera). 

l^f Umara, s. plur q/Amir, a. 
Nobles, grandees j a noble (gene- 

(jii/«l Amraz, *. plur. of Marz, a. 
Sicknesses, diseases. 

i>>^( Amrad, a. a. Beardless; 
handsome (a youth). A.-parast, s, A 

j_/«T Araurz, part. act. v. (In 
comp.) Pardoning, pardoner. 

j^j^t i^murzish, s.f. v. Pardon, 

grace, forgiveness of sins (by the 

j(f}j^t Amurz-gar, s. m. p. He 

who pardons ; an epithet of God. 
uzr^l Am-ras, s. m. s. See Ama- 

^j)jm\ Amrut, s. m. s. A Guava. 
•>JLr*' Amrud, s, m. p. A pear. 


( 39 ) 

jjj-^i Im-roz, adv. p. This day, to- 
day. Im-rozfardd, To-day or to-more 
row ; soon. Im-rozfardd karnd. To 
put off, to procrastinate. 

ij^ J j^\ Anir-o-nahi, s. m. a. 
Commands and prohibitions, orders 
and counter-orders, commanding and 

»JU/ol ImsaU, s. m. A. Holding, 
retaining ; parsimony, abstinence ; a 
medicine taken to prolong pleasure ; 
scarcity, want. 

Jtwcl Im-sal, adv, v. This year. 

li.^f Umasna, v. n. ii. For 

V^^l Ini-shab, p. To-night. 

l*>«( Amd, s.plur. of ^^^3 a. Intes- 
tines, guts. 

K»A5^I Amka-dhamka, s. m. n. 
Trifles, trifling; a person of little 

c;^i Inikan, s. m. a. Possibility ; 
contingent existence. 

tUl Amal, s. m. a. Hope. 

lU' Au^alj s. m. H. Intoxication. 

^i, Imla, s. m. a. Filling up, 
completing ■, orthography, writing 

•UiUI Amlak, s. plur. of Milk, a. 
Possessions, properties (generally ap- 
plied to land). 

<JiU>i Imlak, s. m. a. Possession, 

jj<,liUt Amaltas, s. m. h. Cassia 

iU>T i^^nila, s. m. s. The emblic 
myrobalan (Phyllanthus emblica). 

,J^i Inili, s. m. s. A tamarind 
tree (Tamarindus Indica.) 

0*1 Amn, s. m. a. Security, safe- 
ty. Aman Amdn, s. m. Quarter, 
crying out for quarter. - 

U/cUlixf Xmna-samua, s. m. s. 

GSJla)| Umandna, v. n. h. see 

v^jjj^l Amniyat, s.f. a. Security, 

^L, ^T Amne-samne, adv. s. 
Opposite, face to face. 

Jl>*l Amwal, s. plur. of Mai, a. 
Riches, wealth, effects, property. 

ij^^-of i^mokhta, part. pass, p. 
Learned, taught. 

;j-«f Umur, s. m. plur. of Amr, a. 
Things, afiairs, business, matters, 
actions, commands. 

JL^of Xmoz,part. act. p. (In comp.) 
Teaching, learning. 

4yof Ummi, a. a. Not knowing 
how to read or write ; uneducated, 
unacquainted, unknown. 

«H^f Umed, Ummed, or Ummaid, 
s.f. p. Hope, expectation, trust, de- 
pendence. (In Urdu) Pregnancy. 
Ummed-se, Pregnant. 

jI^i^T Ummed-war, a. p. Hope- 
ful, hoping, expecting, s. An expec- 
tant, a dependent, a candidate. 

tf'j'j'^Ji^f, Ummed-wari, s. f. p. 
Expectation, hope, dependence. 

j^^ Amir,* *. m. a. A com- 
mander, a nobleman, a grandee, a 
lord. A.-ul-umard, Lord of Lords 
(a title given to wazirs). A.-ul-mumi- 
nin. Commander of the faithful (a 
title of the Khalifs). 

AJ[^I Amirana, a. a. p. Prince- 
ly, lordly. 

iSjY'^ Amiri, s. f. A. Sovereignty, 
sway, lordship, dignity of Amir. 

J-ji^T i^mez, part. p. (In comp.) 
Mixed, mixing, s. m. Mixture. 

c^>i^t Amez-ish, s. f. p. Mix- 
ture, mixing, intercourse, tempera- 

e^T i^min, or Amin, adv, a. 
Amen, so be it. 


( 40 ) 


e^l Amin, a. a. Constant, safe, 
faithful, s. m. A commissioner, a 
trustee, an umpire, an arbitrator, an 

t^Ht>«l Araini, «. y*. A. The office 
of an amin ; trust, guardianship, 
security, a. Secure. 

c;t Ain, *. f. A. Time, hour, mi- 

lyt An, s. f. P. A graceful atti- 
tude, an affected gait; affectation, 
pride, dignity, proper spirit. 

vyT Kn, pron. dem. p. That. 

c^l An, s. A prefix of negation, 
privation, or diminution. 

c^l In, pron. plur. h. These, 
them. [them. 

cjf Un, pron. plur. h. Those, 

Ijf Xna, s. 1. V. n. To come, to 
be. A'n-j?arnd, To happen. 2. s. m. 
A coin, the sixteenth part of a rupee. 

•^j'Jl Inabat, s. m. a. Conver- 
sion to God, repentance. 

^IJt Anaj, s. m. s. Grain. 

jljl Anar, *. rn. p. A pomegranate 
(Punica granatum) ; a kind of fire- 

4_5-»liT Unasi, a. s. Seventy-nine. 

Ijlilif Anan-fa-anan, a. a. Every 
minute, constantly, incessantly. 

(•fJI Anam, *. a. Mankind. 

cuxljl Anamat, corrupt, for Ama- 

<J-«IJI Anamil, s. plur. a. Fingers, 
tips of the fingers. 

•^■ijljl Ananiyat, s. f. a. Egotism, 
boasting, arrogance. 

jl^l Ambar, s. m. p. A heap, a 
stock, a magazine, a granary. 

t5;UJI Ambari, s.f. h. A canopy. 
A.-ddr, Having or bearing a canopy. 

j^^ Ambaz, s. p. A partner, an 
associate. [ship. 

isj^^ Ambazi, s. f. p. Partner- 

lyt^iyT Ain-ban, s. /. p. h. Spirit; 
proper pride. 

JsL*wi Imbisat, *./. a. Gladness, 
joy, delight, cheerfulness, recreatioDt 

J^-wl Am-boljfl. H. Silent, speech- 

2^' Am -boh, s. m. p. A crowd, a 

^wl Amba, s. m. p. s. A mango 
fruit or tree. 

•i^i Ambiya, *. plur. o/Nabi, a. 

Lj.M' Ambiya, s.f. s. A small un- 
ripe mango. 

«^f Knt, s. f. 8. Entrails, gut, 
tripe. A'nt dond. To have a prolap- 
sus of the rectum. Ant girnd. To 
void white glutinous stools. 

u-V^f Untalis, a. s. Thirty- 

w.Ur"i Intikhab, s, m. a. Selec- 
tion, drawing or plucking out ; mak- 
ing extracts from books, election, 

kj^^ Antriya, s. in. s. Intermit- 
tent, an intermitting fever. 

LSj^^ Antri, s. f. s. Entrails, in- 
testine, bowels, gut. Antriydn jalnd. 
To be very hungry. Antriydn qui 
huwa-lldh parhna. To be very hun- 
gry {lit. the belly repeating, there is 
but one God !). Antri kd bal kholnd. 
To eat a bellyful after starving'. An- 
triyon men dg lagnd. To be very 

jLioLJ], Intishar, s. m. a. Unfold- 
ing, spreading abroad, divulging, 
dispersion, confusion, explanation. 

j[}asil Intizar, *. m. a. Expecta- 
tion, looking out for. I.-kash, a. Ex- 
pecting, looking out for. 

(_5jlfeiji Intizdri, s. f. a. s. s. as 
Intizar. I. karnd. To expect, to look 
out for. 



( 41 ) 

j»lLijf Intizam, s. m. a. Arrange- 
C, ment, disposition, order, regularity, 
^** management. 

o»l*i'i Intiash, s. m. a. Rising 
up, recovery from a fall or sickness, 
becoming tall. 

^isdji Intifa, s. m. a. Profit, ad- 

JliJui Intiqal, s. m. a. Transport- 
ing, travelling ; departure, dying. 

(•'»iJi Intiqani, s. m. a. Revenge, 

l^J^t Intiha, a. 1. *. /. Termina- 
tion, end, extremity, summit. 2. a. 
Finished, completed, prohibited. 

u*Jtijf Untis, a. s. Twenty-nine. 

«^T Ant, «./. 8. 1. A knot. 2. 
Envy. A\ sunt. Partnership, intrigue. 

1^1 Anta, s. m. s. A ball, a mar- 
ble. A.-ghar, A billiard-room. 

(^jijS'Sji Antakori, *. /. h. A cord 
with which cattle are tied neck and 

tA^t Antna, v. n. s. To be con- 
tained, filled up, tightened. 

'^5jT An^na, v. a. s. To fill, to 
come or go into, to reach. 

IJlyJI An^wana, v. a. s. To make 
contain, to cram into. 

^^1 Anthlana, h. 1. v. a. To 
twist, to writhe. 2. v. n. To swag- 
ger, to strut, to give one's self airs. 

^J^'^ An^hi, s. f. s. 1 . Stone of 
fruit. 2. Coagulation. 

<yjT Anti, *. /. s. A handful, a 
skein of thread, a bundle of grass, 
&c., a small fagot. 

f^\ Anjam, s. m. p. 1. End, 
termination. 2. Accident, vexation. 

Ij^^f An-jana, a. s. Unknown, 
ignorant. An-jdne, Ignorantly, un- 

«;«^l Anjara, or Injaru, s. m. v. 
A nettle. 

^J^\ Hs^i Anjla, s. m. Anjli, s.f. s. 
The cavity formed by joining the 
hands as if to receive water; as 
much as can be held in both hands 
so disposed. 

^^1 Anjum, s. plur. q/'Niijm, a. 

c?*^^l Anjuman, s. f. p. An as- 
sembly, a meeting, company, ban- 

e^l Anjan, or Anjan, s. m. s. A 
collyrium or application to darken 
the eyelashes. 

^3:^1 Anjna, v. n. s. To have the 
eyelashes tinged with anjan. A'njnd, 
V. a. To tinge the eyelashes, &c. An- 
jand, a. Unborn. 

j*f?^^ Anjir, s. m. s. p. A fig. 

(Jas^I Injil, s. m. G. The New 
Testament, the Gospel. 

JS Auch, s. f. H. Heat, flame of 
a fire, blaze, glare. 

U°^^f Unchas, s. Forty-nine. 

cr'^f Unchas, s. f. s."^ Height, 

3^\ Unchaii, *. m. s. > eleva- 

*2^la^f Unchahat,5./.s-J tion. 

^i«^t An-chhila, a. h. Unpared, 
unlicked, rude. 

•->Lr^i Inhiraf, *. m. a. 1. De- 
liexion,inversion,change, (met.) prov- 
ing a turn-coat. 2. Recantation, 
deviation, apostacy. 3. Declination 
(in astronomy). 4. A disease, de- 
fect, distemper. 
jLaar^l Inhisar, s, m. A. Surround- 
ing, encircling. 

oLfti'i Inkhifaf, s. m. A. Levity, 

*j^l»>j| Andakhta, part. pass. p. 

lji«>ol Indara, s. m. s. A large well 

of masonry. 
3'»>JI Andaz, s. m. p. 1. Measure, 
measurement, weighing, valuation. 

( 42 ) 


conjecture, guess ; time (in mnsick) ; 
propriety, symmetry, elegance, mode, 
manner. 2. part. act. (In comp.) 
Throwing; as, Barq-anddz, (Light- 
ning-thrower.) A matchlock man. 
tij\<^] Andaza, s. m. p. Measure, 
measurement, weighing, valuation, 
guess ; time in musick. 
(•'•iol Andam, s. m. v. Body, sta- 
ture, figure. A.-i-nihant, The private 
j^i\ Andar, prep. p. Within, in 
the inside. 
^j-^l Indiraj, s. m. A. 1. Inser- 
tion, folding together. 2. Extinction 
of a family. 
ijib'^^ Indrayan, s.f. s. Colocynth, 
wild gourd (Cucumis colocynthis), a 
fruit of a beautiful appearance but 
bitter taste ; hence a beautiful but 
worthless person is called Indrdyan 
kd phal, Colocynth-fruit. 

yk^j6J| Indra-badhii, s. f. s. The 
wife of Indra ; a species of Acorus of 
a scarlet colour and like velvet. 
jj<^\ Andarz, s. m. p. Last will, 
last advice, precepts, admonition. 

cyj'^^' Andarun, adv. or a. p. 
Within ; inner appartments ; interior, 

iS)'^l Indn, s. f. s. An organ of 
sense, the senses, the privities, the 
virile member, penis of animals. 
I.-Julldb, A diuretick medicine. 

^litxij. Indifa, s. m. a. Repelling, 
removing, repulsion, prohibiting. 

tiJool Andak, a. p. Little, small, 
few. Andak-e, A little. 

JU^ji^ Indimal, *. m. A. Reco- 
very, getting well of a wound. 

j<^1 Andu, s. m. s. The chain or 
rope with which the feet of elephants 
are tied up. 

^j'^\ Andud, pa7't. pass. p. In- 

crusted, plastered over, washed over 
(as a wall). 
jj«>ji Indur, s. m. s. A rat, a 

^i<i^\ Andolna, V. n. s. To swing. 
»}<ij| Andoh,^5. m. p. Grief, anx- 
iety, trouble. Andoh-gin, a. Full of 
grief, sad, afflicted. 
lAiiol Andha, a. s. Blind, dark. 
Andhd dhand lutdna, To squander, to 
spend extravagantly. Andhd kii'd, A 
well filled up with rubbish; a dry 
J<A,^\ Andh-kar, s. m. s. Dark- 
iUoJt Andhla, a. s. see Andha. 
fykjol An-dhoa, a. s. Unwashed, 

jykojf Andhi, S.f. H. Storm, tem- 
" pest. A'ndhi hand, To be keenly 

engaged in a bad action. 
t;U4^l Andhyara,^fl!. s. Dark, 
t^A^I Andhera J blind. *. m. 
Darkness. Andheri kothri, A dark 
room ; the belly, the womb. 
ij^<^\ Andesh, paj't. act. p. (In 
comp.) Thinking, considering, me- 
*^<iol Andesha, s. m. p. Thought, 
meditation, suspicion, care, concern. 
A. karnd, To reflect, to hesitate, to 
fear. Andesha-ndk, Thoughtful. 
\4io<>j| An-dekha, a. s. Unseen, 

5J| And, And, or Anr, s. m. s. 
The castor oil plant (Ricinus com- 
munis, or Palma Christi). 

5ol And, And, or Anr, s. m. s. An 
egg, a testicle. Ani-kos, Rupture, 

(5JI Anda, s. m. s. An egg. 

^3JI Andaj, a. s. Oviparous. 

jSoT Andu, a. s. Having large 
testicles. A'tidii-bail, A bull. 


( 43 ) 


!j5JI Indua, s. m. h. A round 
fold or roll used in carrying a bur- 
then on the head. 

(JjSjI And-el, a. s. Oviparous. 

VxbSjf Undelna, v. a. h. To pour. 

Ji>Ji Inzal, s. m. a. Causing to 
descend ; emission, emissio seminis. 

oj.^! Anzarut, s. m. a. p. Sarco- 
colla (a gum resin said to be from the 
Pensea mucro-nata). 

u*i1^ Kn^y s. f. H. The fibrous 
part of any thing. 

W^l Ins^ s. m, A. Man, mankind. 
Ins wajinn, s. m. Men and spirits. 

tj>*i\ Uns, s.m. A. Society, com- 
panionship, friendship, love, affec- 

»_)(.«Jt Ans^b, s.plur. o/Nasab, a. 
Genealogies, lineages, races. 

c^'-Ji Insan, s. m. a. Man, a 
human being, mankind. 

j_jiLJ[ Insani, a. a. Human, relat- 
ing to man. 

c-jji-jj Insaniyat, s.f. A. Huma- 
nity, human kindness, affability, po- 

V-^' Ansab, a. compar. of Mu- 
nasib, a. Most suitable, convenient, 
proper, worthy. 

*«^f Unsath, a. s. Fifty-nine. 

li~ot Ansund, a. s. Unheard, un- 
noticed, disregarded. 

l«a?*^^l An-sanijha, a. s. Not un- 
derstood, not knowing. 

_>«-jf j^nsu, *. m. s. A tear. 

V.**Ji Insha, *. /. A. Production, 
creation; writing, composition, ele- 
gance of style, the belles lettres. /.- 
parddzi, s. f. Writing, letter writing. 
I.-tardz, An elegant writer. 

^W^lULil Iushd-aimhu-ta41d, a. 
God willing, if God pleases. 
G 2 

oLaj]. Insaf, s. m. a. Decision 

(of a cause or question) ; equity, jus- 
tice. Insaf -talab, Seeking justice. 

(♦[^1 Insiram, s. m. a. Cutting 
off; finishing, completing. 

(*'*J1 Indm,t s. m. a. A present, a 
gift. I.-i-ikrdm, An honourable gift. 

(•l*JI Andm, s. plur. o/Niamat, a. 
Gifts, favours. 

u-^U Inikas, s. m. a. Inversion, 
reflexion, representation of appear- 
ances in a mirror. 

jlfiJI Anfar, s. plur. of Nafar, a. 
Persons, soldiers, servants? 

u*lftJi Anfas, s, plur. of Nafas, a. 

JLfiiJi Infisal, s. »*., A. Separa- 
tion, division ; settling, decision of a 
cause. J. karnd, To decide, to settle. 

Jl*fii| Infidl, s. m. A. Shame, 
modesty, the being abashed. 

(^ljAJ| Inqibaz, *. m. A. Contrac- 
tion, constipation. 

j»L^j. Inqisam, s. m. A. Division, 

l-^i Inqiza, a. \. s. m. The ex- 
piration of any term, 2- a. Elapsed, 
ended, fulfilled, accomplished, finish- 

V^i Inqilab, s. m. a. Resolu- 
tion, vicissitude, alteration, change, 

.iljjjaJi Inqiyad, s. m, a. Obedi- 
ence, submission, fidelity. 

tJjl Ank, or Ank, *. m. s. Mark, 
spot, figure, number, letter of the 
alphabet; flank or part above the 
hip ; the body ; embrace ; mark on 
cloth to shew the price, 
j^l Inkdr, s. m. a. Denial, dis- 

lj'<j( Ankana, v. a. s. To value, 
prize, examine, approve of. 

i^\ Ankao, s. m, s. Valuation. 


( 44 ) 

t5>^l. Ankri, *. /. s. 1. A kind 
of Vetch (Vicia sativa). 2. A young 
sprout. 3. Wet grain. 

isj^l Xnkn, s.f. 8. The barb of 
an arrow, a hook, a tenter, a circle. 

ij^'i A^nkus, or Ankus, s. m. s. 
The hook or iron wherewith elephants 
are driven, a goad. A. mdrnd, To 
reduce to submission, to bring to 

jL.^]. Inkisar, *. m. a. Being 
broken; humility, contrition. 

<j-jLJoi. Inkisari, s.f. a. Humili- 
ty, &c.« 

ij5-»^j' Anksij s. f. s. A hook, a 

IJ^I Ankna, v. n. s. To be valu- 
ed, &c. see Ankana. 

li^f Xnkna, v. a. s. To value, 

examine, approve of. 
!2j^l Ankura, *. m. s. A sprout. 
*>jT Xn-ki, pron. and conj. p. 

That that. 

V^T Ankh, *. /. s. The eye. 
A'nkh-anjani, s. f. A stye on the eye- 
lids. A'nkh-dm, To have an inflam- 
mation in the eyes, to be blear-ej'ed, 
A', bachina, To steal away privately 
and unseen. A', hadalnd. To with- 
draw one's favour or affection from 
any one. A', bardbar na kar-saknd, 
Not to be able to look in the face, to 
be ashamed. A', band kar lent. 1. 
To turn from another, to treat one 
with neglect. 2. To die. A', bharke 
dekhnd, To look till one's curiosity is 
fully satisfied. A', bhar land, To 
have eyes full of tears, to be ready to 
cry. A' pasdrnd, To open one's eyes, 
to stare, to be wise and prudent, to 
discriminate, to discern. A', path- 
rdni, To become dim (the eyes) from 
long expectation. A', pharakm. To 
feel a pulsation in the eye. (If in 
the right eye of a man or the left of 

a woman it is a favourable omea 
whilst the contrary affection is un- 
lucky). A\ phutni. To be blind. 
A'nkh phiiti pir gai. The eye is lost 
and the pain is gone, (spoken of a 
contention which has ceased from the 
object of it being lost to both parties). 
A', phord, s. m. A midge that flies 
into the eyes at night. A', phorni, 
To make blind ; to expect or watch 
in vain. A', pherni. To shew aversion 
after friendship. A', pher Idnd, To 
turn away the eyes (as from grief, 
displeasure, &c.) A', phaildnd, see A', 
pasdrnd. A', thandi karni. To have 
consolation by meeting friends; to 
be glad. A', jorni. To look stead- 
fastly. A', jhapaknd. To move the 
eyelids quickly, to fear. A', churdni, 
(To steal eyes). Not to attend to, to 
avert the eyes through shame, to 
avoid the sight of any one. A', char- 
hdni, To be angry, to be intoxicated. 
A', charhnd, To have eyes marked by 
debauch. A', chamkuni, To make the 
eyes dance ; to roll the eyes in anger 
or in blandishment. A', chhipdni, 
(To hide one's eyes). To be asham- 
ed of an improper act. A', chir chir 
dekhnd, and A', chirke dekhnd. To 
look with great attention and deep 
meditation ; or with anger. A', ddbni, 
(To shut one's eyes). To forbid by 
signs. A', dikhdni, or dikhldni, (To 
show one's eyes). To frighten, to 
deter, to browbeat. A', dekhke kuchh 
karnd, To do anything after consult- 
ing the inclination of another. A'. 
dabdabdni. The eyes to fill with tears. 
A', dhdkni, (To have eyes shut). 1 . To 
die. 2. To be ashamed. A\ rakhni, 

1. To love, to entertain friendship. 

2. To have hopes. 3. To discern. 
A', surkh karni, To be angry. A'.-se 
dekhke kuchh karnd, To do anything 
knowingly and with reflection. A'.' 
se girnd, To become contemptible. 
A', senkni, To contemplate the beauty 

( 45 ) 


of any one. A', kisi se roslian kamd. 
To obtain a look from any one ; to 
meet or visit a friend or person of 
rank. A', kisi hi dekhni, (To look at 
one's eyes). To receive education 
in any one's company. A', khatakni. 
To have pain in the eyes. A', hholnd, 
see A', pasdrnd. A', garm karni, see 
A', senkni. A', ghuraknd. To look at 
with anger. A', lardni, To wink as 
a hint, to communicate a secret by 
signs. A', lafnt, To meet with one's 
lover unexpectedly. A', lagdni. To 
contract friendship or affection for 
any one, to fall in love. A', mdmi. 
To wink, to stop any one by a sign, 
to ogle. A', michauwal, s. m. or A'. 
michauH, s. f. Blind-man's buff. A*, 
mildni, (To mingle looks). To contract 
friendship. A', milni, To look stead- 
fastly. A', minck jdnd, To die, to 
perish. A', morni, see A', pherni. A', 
mundke ek chiz kd ikhtiydr kamd. 
To choose or accept precipitately or 
inconsiderately. A', mundni, see A*. 
band-kar leni. A', mundaurd, Blind- 
man's buff. A', na rakhni, (Not to 
look.) 1. To have no hope nor ex- 
pectation. 2. To be mentally blind. 
A', nam karnd, see A', bhar Idna. 
A'nkhon par baithnd, (To sit on eyes.) 
To be beloved, to sit or cause to sit 
in a very elevated place, to become 
dif^nified. A'nkhon kd guldbi kamd, 
(To have redness of the eyes,) To 
look intoxicated or wanton. A'nkhon 
men dni, To intoxicate (applied espe- 
cially to wine). A'nkhon men phirnd. 
To be always present in one's eyes, 
to be ever in one's mind. A'nkhon 
men charbi chhdnd, To be wilfully 
blind, to pretend from pride not to 
know one's old acquaintance. A'nkhon 
men khdk ddlnd, (To throw dust in 
one's eyes.) 1. To commend or puff 
wares of an inferior quality. 2. To 
pilfer or snatch away anything quick- 
ly and privately. A'nkhon meii rdt 

kdtnd, or lejdnd. To pass the night 
awake. A'nkhon men khuraknd. To 
be seen with envy and dislike. 
A'nkhon men ghar kamd, 1. To be 
beloved or esteemed. 2. To persist in 
one's own erroneous opinions. A'nk- 
heri dekhnd, 1 . To study one's temper 
or inclination. 2. To behave respect- 
fully towards another. A'nkhen niK 
pill karni. To change colour from 
excess of anger. 

u^!*^' Ankhiyan, *. /. s. Eyes. 
l^JI Auga, s. m. s. A coat. 
^1 Anga, *. /. H. A nursery-maid; 
a kind of nurse. 

'j'^l Angara, *. m. s. A fire- 
brand, embers, sparks containing 
ashes. Angdron par lotnd. To be 
agitated or tormented (particularly 
from jealousy). 

liHrf^' Angabin, s. m. p. Honey, 
l^J^I Angarkha, *. m. b. K coat. 
IJ|^I Angrana, v. n. h. To yawn, 

gape, stretch the limbs. 

(jrl^l Angrai, *./. H. Stretching 
the limbs, yawning. 

•i»^l Angusht, s. f. p. A finger. 
A.-hairat ddnton men rakhnd. To bite 
the finger of astonishment, to express 
surprise. A.-i-nar, The thumb, the 
great toe. A.-i-shahddat, The fore- 

AjliikXil Angusht-ana, s. m. p. A 
ring (particularly that worn on the 
thumb), a thimble. 

^yJ:J^\ Angusht-ari, *./. p. A 
ring (particularly for the fingers and 
not for the thumb). 

UJo»Mi.fcl Angusht-numS, One who 
is pointed at, famous ; notorious, in- 

cUjf Ungal, 8. m. s.l A finger, a 
t,L^f Ungli, 5./. s.J 




( 46 ) 


t^Xif Angaiijl *. m. s. A yard, 
jliXi! Angna,J area, court, 
t^l An-gina, a. s. Numberless. 
^^\ Angutha, s. m. s. The 

thumb. A. dikhdnd. To show the 

thumb (by women) in blandishment 

as a token of prohibition. 
4_r*j^l Anguthi, s. f. s. A ring 

worn on the finger, 
^j'^l Angochha, s. n. s. A towel 
j^>\ Angur, s. m. V. 1. A grape. 

2. Granulations in a sore. 
lj>&' Angora, *. m. s. A midge, a 

(Sjj^^ Anguri, a. p. Of the grape, 

relating to the grape. 
ij^\ Anguza, s. m. p. Asafoetida. 
li^l Angiya, s. f. s. Bodice, stays. 
y«i^l Angethi, *. /. h. A chaf- 
jAtl Angez, part. act. p. (In 

comp.) Exciting. 
^>i^t Angez-na, v. a. p. h. To 

bear, suffer, experience; to excite. 
UJi Inna-ma, adv. a. Indeed, 

Ujf Anna, v. a. s. To bring. 
4^tvJI Annanas, *. m. port. A 

^IjUil Annanasi, a, port. Made 

like a pine-apple. 
jl>il Anwar, s. plur. of Nur, a. 

Lights, splendour. 
L-»l^l Anwasa, a. h. Old, stale, 

seasoned, s. m. A handful of corn or 

Ixm.1^1 Anwasna, v. a. h. To sea- 
son, to rinse. 
^|>JI Anwd, s. plur. of ^y, a. 

Sorts, kinds, varieties, a. Various, 


^y\ Anwat, s. m. h. A ring fur- 
nished with little bells and worn on 
the great toe. 

jy\ Anwar, a. compar. of Nur, 
A. More or very splendid, shining, 

5[j-j( Anola, s. m. s. Name of a 
fruit (Phyllanthus emblica). 

JlJJyT j^nwal-nal, s. s. The na- 
vel-string of an infant. 

^'.^Jl Anhar, s. plur. of Nahr, A. 
Rivulets, streams. 

,/Jyf Unhattai", a. s. Sixty-nine. 

(•I«^^i Inhidam, s. m. A. Demoli- 
tion, ruining, abolishing. 

Ij^^l An-hona, a. h. Impossible. 

tjAJ;if Unis, a. s. Nineteen. 

ty*Jol An is, or Anis-jalis, s. m. f. 
A. A companion. 

ejy-oJt Anisun, s. m. G. Aniseed. 

IjT Awa, s. m. H. A potter^s kiln. 

^y t^ Ijt Awa-jai, s. f. s. Coming 
and going ; dancing after. 

jLSj^ Awakhir, s. plur. o/Akhir, 
A. Ends, latter parts. 

*^j|jT Awarja, or Awarija, *. m. 
p. A journal, a diary. 

j^ljf Awara-gi, s.f. p. Wander- 
ing, the state of a wanderer, vagran- 
cy, profligacy. 

2)ijT Awara, a. p. Vagabond, 
wanderer. A', hond, 'I'o wander, to 
be distressed, to be oppressed, to be 
miserable. A', karnd. To harass. 

ji^T Awaz, s. f. p. Voice, sound, 
report, fame, echo, a whisper, a sen- 
tence. A', uthdnd, To raise the voice, 
to spread a report. A', pafnd, 1. 
To be reported. 2. To lose one's 
voice (from hoarseness, &c.) 

»3'jt Awaza, s. m. p. Report, 
fame, rumour. 

^J\J^ Awai, S.f. ii. A Report. 

^Ji\y Awai, s. /. s. 1. Approach, 
advance. 2, A saddle-cloth adorned 
with fringes. 

UjI>I Awa'il, *. m, f. plur, of 



( 47 ) 

Auwal, A. Commencements, begin- 

(Jil^jl Aubash, 5. m. p. 1. A rake, 
a dissolute fellow, 2. A mixed crowd 
of various nations and of all sorts of 
people, especially of the meanest ; 
the mob, the canaille. 

^^■i^l>)\ Aubashi, s. f. p. Rakish- 
ness, dissoluteness, debauchery, at- 
tending at games and spectacles. 

yjl Op, *. /. H. Brilliancy, lus- 
tre, polish. 

j^jt Opchi, s. m. H. A man 
armed with weapons or clothed in 
mail. Opcki-khdna, A guardhouse or 
post of armed men. 
^j1 I/par, adv. a. Above, on, up, 
upon, upwards, over, outside, past 
s. n. Top, outside, exterior. U'par-se, 
From above, over. Tufdn upar se 
chald gayd, 'ihe storm passed over. 

^jl Auj, s. m. A. 1. Height, 
summit, the top, 2. Dignity, prefer- 
ment, promotion. 3. The higher 
apsis of a planet, 

*«^jl Ojh, s. m. H. Entrails, guts. 

[^)\ Ochha, a. h. Light, of 
little consequence, absurd, trifling, 
fruitless. Ochhd hond, v. n. To want. 

cjl l/d, s. m. s. An otter. 

I^jf I/cla, a. and s. m. h. Brown. 

^■^^^I'ijl l/dahat, s. f, h.1 Brovvn- 

/5'l.>jf I/da-i, *./. H. J ness. 

jlOijf l/d-bilao, s. m. s. An otter. 

«^jl Awadh, *. /. s. The pro- 
vince of Oude, (properly Ayodhya, 
q. V. 

^^jf I/dhar, adv. h, see j>iT. 

^dj1 I/dham, s. m. n. Noise, 
impudence, rebellion, disturbance. 

j_5*A^jt T/dhami, a. h. Making 
noise, impudent, rebellious. 

jjl Aur, conj. h. And ; also. a. 
More, other. Aur-ek, Another, $ei)a- 

rate, distinct, else. Aur nahin to, And 

if not then ; if otherwise. Aur-he, Quite 

diiFerent, extraordinary. 
jjl XwAT, pa7't. act. p. (In conip.) 

Bringing, bearing. 
.>{;jl Aurad, *. plur. o/Wird, a. 

Daily rehearsals, commemorations, 

(ii;jl Auraq, s. plur. o/Waraq, a. 

Leaves. » 

»dj)1 iiwurda, or Awarda, part. 

pass. p. Brought. 

«-^jjl Aurang, s. m. p. A throne. 
j^jAJjk-Soyl Aurang-zebi, s. m. p. A 
kind of cloth so called. 

j^Li t-^J;^f Aurang-shahi, s. m. 
p. A kind of silk so called. 

l^jy Orhna, v. a. s. To put on. 
s. TO. A sheet, cloak, or mantle. 

t5^AJjt Orhni, s. /. s. A smaller 

sheet, a veil or woman's cloak. 
j!3j' Auzar, s. plur. of Wizr, a. I. 
Sins or offences (not used in this 
sense in Urdu). 2. Arms, tools, ap- 
paratus. 3. The rigging and imple- 
ments of a ship and boat. 4. Asy- 
lums, places of defence. 

ej!i^ Auzan, s. plur. o/Wazn, a. 

u*j' Os, s. f. s. Dew. 

•tu»j* Ausat, A. \. a. Middle, 
intervening. 2. s. m. The middle, 
medium, interval. 3. Mediocrity, 

^jla-»jl Ausati, a. a. Midmost, 
middling, moderate. 

U-*jl Ausna, v. n. s. To become 
musty, to rot, to putrify. 

ol^^l Ausaf, s. plur. o/Wasf, a. 
Praises, qualities, endowments, de- 
scriptions. Ausaf-i-hamida, a. Of 
praise-worthy qualifications, of noble 

U-*jl Ausiya, s. plur. o/Wasi, a. 


( 48 ) 

Preceptors, executors (especially of 
divine commands). 

^j\ Auzd, s. plur. of Waza, a. 
Behaviour, manners, breeding;, polite- 

b^y Oghra, s. m. h. A dish of 
food so called. 

olijl Auqat, s. f. plur. of Waqt, 
A. Times, circumstances. A.-hasan, 
s. f. Pastime, amusement, employ- 

«40t Ukh, s.f. s. Sugar-cane. 

^J^^y Okhli, *. /. s. A mortar. 

Jjl Auwal,* A. 1. fl. First, best,, 
principal; proper, fit. 2. *. m. Be- 
ginning. 3. Auwal, or Auwald, adv. 
At first, in the first place. 

VjI Ola, s.m.s. 1. Hail. 2. A 
kind of sweetmeat. Old hojand. To 
become cold. Jaun sir mundayd taun 
ole pare, I had just shaved my head 
when a shower of hail came on: 
(spoken of one who has just engaged 
in an enterprise which turns out un- 
fortunate) . 

5/jl Aula, fl. A. Better, best. 
Auwalan, ado. At first, in the first 

i)^j\ Aulad, s. f. plur. o/Walad, 
A. Children, offspring, descendants ; 

A^l 01ka,or tTlka, s.m. t. Ter- 
ritory, dominion. 

y^f Ulu, a. A. Possessed of, en. 
dowed with. 

j^f l/lii, s. f. H. A kind of grass 
used in thatching (Saccharum cylin- 

oi^y Aulaviyat, s. f. a. Excel- 
lence, superiority, pre-eminence. 

jj^l Aula, fl. compar. of ,Jjj a. 
Better, best ; (Grandees). 

i^ji l/la, fl. /.A. First, princi- 
pal, best. 

j^jf l/li, a. A. Possessed of, en- 
dowed with. Uli-l-absdr, Discern- 
ing, wise, discreet. U'li-l-ajniha, 
Winged animals. U'li-l-qzm, Deter- 
mined, resolute. U'li-l-ilm, possess- 
ed of science, learned. 

b^l Auliya, s. plur. of Wall, a. 
1. Friends, companions (especially of 
the prophets). 2. The saints, the 
apostles, the holy. AiiUyd-i-alldh, 
Friends of God. 

ci-jJji Au waliyat, s.f. a . Priority, 
pre-eminence, excellence. 

^!jI Aula-tar, a. a. p. Better, 

trt^jt Auwalin, a. plur, o/ Auwal, 
A. The first, the former; the ancients. 

,^jf l/mi, s. f. H. An ear of 
corn half ripe. 

cJjT Awan, *. m. s. Coming, ap- 

<2jJji\ tfnt, s. m. s. A camel. 

Ijfii'oJjf T/nt-katara, s. m. s. h. 
The name of a thistle of which 
camels are fond (Echinops echinatus). 

^J^J^ U^utni, s. f. s. A female 

A^f Onth, s. m. s. The lip. See 

l^jf Ifncha, fl. s. High, tall, 
above, steep, loud. U'nchd bol bolnd. 
To speak with pride. V.'sunnd, To be 
hard of hearing. U.-kdni, s.f. Deaf- 
ness. Unche-bol kd munh nichd, 
The proud ones are degraded. 

ij^jl I/nchai, s. f. s. Height, 
elevation, steepness. 

^^jf U'nch-nich, s. Ups and 

downs of life, vicissitude, high and 
low, particulars. 

<^JjT Awand, s. ni. p. A vessel, a 

(a^jI Aundha, a. ii. Upside down, 
overturned. A.-bakht, Misfortune. 


( 49 ) 


Aundht peshiint. Short-sighted, un- 

blAjJjl Auiidhana, v. a. To turn 
upside down, reverse, overturn, spill. 

*«Xijf l/ngh, 1 *. /. H. Nod- 

u^k^jl Ifnghas, r ding, drowsi- 

iJ^ji I/nghai,-' nes8, sleepi- 
ness, drooping. 

iH^jf l/nghna, v. n. h. To nod 
from sleepiness, to doze, to droop. 

iiH^J^f I/nhin, adv. h. Exactly in 
that manner, so. 

L.jJ i- jl Aune-paune, adv. h. 

More or less. 
yiji Awe/., part. act. p. Hanging. 
A', kamti. To hang, to suspend. 

^>ijT ^vveza, part. p. Hanging, 
pendent, s. m. An ear-ring, drops 
worn in the ear. 

at Ah, P. \. s. f. A sigh. 2. 
inter], Alas ! ^'A bharnd, To sigh. 
A'h-i-j<in-k(lh, A heart-rending sigh. 
A'h-i-jigar soz, A heart-burning sigh. 

xf Uh, i«/er/. p. Oh ! 

8i Ih, j»ro«. H. for Yih. This. 
j^l Uhar, s. m. H. A covering ; 

the cover of a woman's palkee. 
jl*l Ahar, *. m. h. Starch, glue, 

tJjljkl Aharna, v. a. a. To paste. 

^lAi Ahali, s. plur. of Ahl, a. 
People, possessors, consorts, inhabi- 

•^l*! Ihanat, s. f. a. Contempt, 
disdain, affront, insult, enmity. 

j»Ui*i Ihtimam, s. f. a. Solici- 
tude, care, anxiety, diligence. 

•Jykf Uharna, r. «. s. To suhside. 

^^i-ifct Ahista-gi, s. f. p. Slow- 
ness, delay, gentleness, softness. 

*i-«AT Ahista, adv. v. Gently, 
slowly, softly, tenderly. A'hista-rau 

iwfcf Xhiste, adv. Pi Gently, 

^s^T Ahak, *. m. p. Quicklime, 
cement, plaster. 

cU( Ahl,* 5. m. A. People, pos- 
sessor, inhabitant, consort, a. Fit, 
capable, worthy. (In comp.) Pos- 
sessed of, endowed with. 

'siJ\iU\ Ahlu-llah, a. People of 
God, dervises, faqirs. 

•■=-w iJAl Ahl-i-bait, a. (People of 
the house.) The family of Muham- 

**;j^cUl Ahl-i-hirfa, a. Artificer, 

o^tXa. tUl Ahl-i-khidmat, a. An 
officer ; one in office under govern- 

J.>Ja| Ahl-i-dil, a. Liberal, 
brave, generous ; dervises. 

Jji (-Ui Ahl-i-dawal,A. Possessed 
of wealth, rich. 

{3i'i> <JaI Ahl-i-zauq, a. Addicted 
to pleasure ; a voluptuary. 

j^>j(JaI Ahl-i-rozgar, a.p. Know- 
ing the world, skilful. 

«J*i> cU' Ahl-i-rish, a. Having a 
beard ; an adult. 

c^Lo) JaI Ahl-i-zaman, a. Time- 

ij^j cUl Ahl-i-zamin, a. An in- 
habitant of the earth. 

•i^j lUi Ahl-i-zuhd,A. Continent, 
devout, pious. 

c^i^jAl Ahl-i-sukhan, a. Elo- 

<^jm cUi Ahl-i-shar?i,A. A legisla- 
tor, a lawyer, one who observes the 
law of Muhammad. 

Ifi-fi cUl Ahl-i-safa, a. Pure in 
heart ; a Siifi ; a voluptuary. 

o^lJs Jjki Ahl-i-taat,A. Obedient, 
faithful to God. 


( 50 ) 


^Js JaI Ahl-i-taba, a. Possessed 
of genius, person of genius. 

Aa^ tJAl Ahl-i-tabqa, a. One who 
does not observe the precepts of Mu- 

f^jio JaI Ahl-i-tariq, a. An ob- 
server of the laws of Muhammad. 

«-j^ (Jai Ahl-i-zarf, A.Noble. 

O;* Jai Ahl-i-urf, a. People of 
the law, wise people. 

^yli^ cJaI Ahl-i-irfan, A. Learned^ 
well-informed, intelligent. 

Jac Jai Ahl-i-aql;, a. Wise. 

^ cUl Ahl-i-ilm, a. Scientifick. 

(jcyc lUI Ahl-i-gharaz,A. Selfish. 

&LJ JaI Ahl-i-qibla^ a. Muham- 
madans (because they turn towards 
the qibla in prayer). 

jI^JaI Ahl-i-karj a. p. A work- 
man, a clerk. 

.-.lir Ja| Ahl-i-kitab,A. A learned 
man; a person of any religion re- 
vealed and contained in books. 

Cj^iJM Ahl-i-karanij a. Liberal, 

JUfclAl Ahl-i-kamal, a. Perfect, 
excellent. • 

t^ar'^jAl Ahl-i-majliSj a. An as- 
sistant; a member of good society, 
a courtier. 

^9j*^(jA\ Ahl-i-marifat, a. Pos- 
sessed of the knowledge of God. 

"t*-'=-J^Ja| Ahl-i-mansab, a. A 

minister, a person in office. 
^jioiijAi Ahl-i-nazar, A. Discern- 
ing, clear-sighted. 

oliJcUi Ahl-i-nifdq, A. Infidels, 

^jJaI Ahl-i-wara, a. Pious, re- 
js^dit\ Ahl-i-hajr, a. Separated 
from friends or from the beloved. 

ciUl Ahhyat, .9. /. a. 1. Worth, 

worthiness, capability, skill. 2. Pos- 

*Ji^AI Ahliya, s.f. a. A wife. 

/♦Al Ahamm, a. compar. of "^i***, 
A. Important, very momentous. 
Ahamm-i-kdr, Important business. 

JUa] Ihmal, s. m. a.1 Negli- 

t^UAj. Ihmali, s.f. a-/ gence, 
indolence, delay, carelessness. 

c^aT Ahan, *. m. v. Iron. 

li)t:>AT Ahan-ruba, s. m. v. A load- 

»-*^JAf Ahang, s. m. p. Design, 
purpose, intention ; application ; an 
arch ; a shore ; method, manner ; 
quality of man or animals ; drawing ; 
sound, melody ; one of the Persian 
tunes or modulations in musick. 

^XIaT Ahang-gar, s. m. p. A work- 
er in iron, a blacksmith. 

,^T Ahani, "^ a. p. Of iron, 

ui^t Ahanin,J iron, made of 
iron. A'hanin-panja, Iron-handed, 
strong, powerful. 
>^T Ahu, s. m, P. 1. A deer. 2. 
Vice, defect, fault. A'hu-bara, a fawn. 
A'hu-giri, The catching of deer. 

^ Ahe, interj. p. O ! holla ! 
jJ^I Ahir, s. m. s. A cowherd 
(by caste). 

is\ Ai, interj. p. O ! (used in call- 
ing or addressing). Ai-kdsh, Would 
to God ! I wish. 

obT Ayat, s. plur. a. see Ayat. 

cIjI Ayagh, s. m. t. A cup. 

Jtjl Ayal, s. f. p. H. A horse's 

'^•'^i lyalat, s. f. a. Dominion, 

j«lj| Aiyam, *. m. plur, of Yauni, 
A. 1. Days, times. 2. Season, wea- 

*i«jT Ayat,* s. f. A. A sign, a 
mark ; a sentence, verse or paragraph 


( 51 ) 


of the Quran contained between 
signs which serve as stops. A'yat-i- 
mutlaq, A stop used in the Quran, 
and nearly equivalent to a comma. 

IajI Eta, a. H. see Etna. 

o5Ij:j( ftildf, s. m. a. Familiarity, 
friendship, society, connexion, com- 
pany, correspondence. 

Liijl Etna, «. H. So much, so 
many, so, thus much. 

j\y^\ Etvvar, s. m. s. Sunday. 

v_.\s:il Ijab, s. m. A, 1. Render- 
ing necessary. 2. (In logic) AflBrma- 
tion (opposite to privation). 3. (In 
Muhammadan law) The first propo- 
sal made by one of the parties in ne- 
gociating or concluding a bargain. 

its^i I'jad, A. 1.5. m. Invention. 
2. a. Invented. P. kamd, To invent. 
^«X!l Tdhar, adv. h. see^k^l. 

I«i^l tza, *. /. A. Pain, trouble, 
vexation, distress, affliction. I'zd 
dihindi, s. f. Giving pain, torment- 

^1^1 frad, s. f. A. Bringing, ad- 
ducing, producing. 

o]jil trin, n. prop. p. Persia. 

Jiljii Trani, a. p. Persian. 

jil Er, s. f. H. Striking with the 
heel, spurring. Er mdrnd, To spur. 

iSji\ Eri, s. f. II. The heel. EH 
dekho ! Look at your heel (look at 
home) : a phrase used to ward oflF the 
eflfect of an evil eye. 

^1 Ezid, s. n. p. God. 

<j5^l Ezidi, a. p. Divine. 

I-jI Aisa, a. h. Such, this like, 
so; resembUng, like (particularly 
when joined to other words) ; as, 
Mard-aisd, Like a man. Aisd-taisd, 
or Aisd-waisd, So so, indifferent, in- 

li^y^Lol Tsan-kon, s. m. s. North- 

a 2 

gilwf Tstada, j9ar^ p. Standing. 

ly^-'j' Aison, adv. h. This year. 

^' Aise, adv. h. Thus. 

L-aj| Aizan, adv. a. Again, also, 
as before. 

^>\ Tfa, s. f. A. Performing (a 
promise) ; performance, paying, satis- 
fying, fulfilling. 

<^j| Ek, a. s. One. Ekd-eki, adv. 
All at once. Ek-dd, Some few. Ek- 
bdrgi, All at once. Eh-dast, Altoge- 
ther, entire. Ek-sdn, a. Alike, simi- 
lar. Ek se din na rahne, is used to 
denote a change of condition from 
good to evil, but sometimes the re- 
verse. Ek hi das sundni, To reply 
ten words for one (in abuse). Ek 
lakht. Altogether, entirely. Ek na 
ek. One or other. 

t^.-^'^jl Ekadas, a. s. Eleventh. 

<^i^i Ekadasi, s. f. s. The ele- 
venth day of the month. 

l«3oo| Ek-tha, a. s. Together, col- 
lected, s. m. A small boat rowed with 
one oar. Ekthd kamd, To gather, to 

8^[ I'kh, s. f. s. A sugar-cane. 

^j^k\ Elchi, s. m. T. An ambas- 
sador, envoy, agent, attorney. 
E.-pand, s. m. Ambassadorship, 
agency. E.-guri kamd, To act the 
ambassador, &c., to act for another. 

Jji lyal, or Aiyul, *. m. a. A stag, 
a mountain-goat. 

I^jI Elvva, s. m. h. Aloes. 

1*j1 I'ma, s. f. A. Sign, nod, wink, 
emblem, symptom. 

tyU^i tmdn, s. m. a. Faith, belief, 
religion.conscience. /'»»<in-d(fr, Faith- 
ful, honest. 

**j| A'imma, s. a. plur. of Imdm, 
q. V. Nazr-i-a'imma, A grant of land, 
&c., to the people who attend the 
tomb of a saint. 

( 52 ) 


*^l Aima^ s. m. a. (for the pre- 
ceeding). Land given as a reward or 
favour by the king at a very low 
rent, a fief; (were no rent is paid it 
is called la-khiraj) ; charity lands. 
Aimo'ddr, One who holds an Aima ; 
a feoflFee. 

e^t Kin, s. m. p. Regulation, 
institute, rules, common law, custom, 
manner. (The laws delivered by 
Muhammad are called Shara and 
those established by princes Ain). 

cjji Tn, pron. dem. p. This. 

erd' Ain, adv. a . Where ? 

'^kl Int, s.f. s. A brick. 

fi^l Ainta, s. m. u. A snail. 

iSj^^.l Tnt-gari, s. f. s. p. Brick- 

*«^!l Ainth, *. /. H. Twisting, 
tightening, twist. 

•j^^l Ainthna, v. a. h. To tighten. 
V. n. To writhe, cramp, twist; to 
strut, stalk, walk affectedly. 

U^l Ainchna, or Tnchna, v. a. 
H. To draw, to attract. 

j*>^i fnclur, s. m. s. A rat, a 

Hi^l Xyanda, part. act. p. Com- 
ing, future, adv. In future. 

jj<>jjj s>^1, Ayanda-ravinda, part. 

act. p. Coming and going ; passing 

to and fro. 
t^Sijl I'ndhua, s. m. h. A roll 

or round fold on which a burthen is 

carried on the head. 

j^X I'ngur, s. m. \\. Red-lead, 

Aiifiiina, s. m.v. 1. A mirror, 
a looking-glass. 2. The knee-pan. 
A'in-basta, or Basta-din, or A'ina- 
band. Adorned with mirrors. A'ina- 
bandi, s. f. Ornamenting with mir- 
rors. A'ina-ddr, The maid who 
holds the mirror. A'ina-ru, Having 

a face bright as a mirror. A'.sdz, 
A mirror-maker. A'.sdzi, Mirror- 
making. A'.-mahal, (A glazed room.) 
An apartment having the walls co- 
vered with mirrors. 

cj'ji' Aiwan, s. m. p. A hall, a 
gallery, a palace. 

i-Ut^l Ai-wae, interj. p. a. Alas ! 
alas ! 

UA.i>»l Ayodhya, s. f. s. The pro- 
vince of Oude. 

*jT Aya, s. m. a. A sentence of 
the Quran. See Ayat. 

V Be, called Ba in Arabic, is the 

second letter of the Arabic and Per- 
sian Alphabets. In Abjad it stands 
for two ; and in Astronomy represents 
the sign Gemini. It is used to de- 
note the second day of the week 
(Monday) ; and is occasionally writ- 
ten for the month Rajab of which it 
is the final letter. At the middle or 
end of a word, it is sometimes chang- 
ed for m, f, or p ; as Tap for Tab, A 
fever ; Zafdn for Zabdn, Language ; 
Ghuzhm for Ghuzhb, A grape-stone. 
In Persian words it is also inter- 
changed with the letter wau, and in 
Sanskrit words is frequently substi- 
tuted for v or vv. 

V Bi, prep. a. (Always prefixed 
to another word.) By, with, from, in 
into, near, on, according to, for, to- 

V Ba, prep. p. With, by, for, in, 
into, to, up to, on, upon. 

Ij Ba, prep. p. With, by, &c. 

j_ji1 y Ba-abru, adv. p. Honoura- 
bly, respectably. 

y( b Ba-asar, a. p. a. Notable, re- 
markable, efiectual. 

*^TIj Bd-anki, conj. p. Although. 

( 53 ) 

ejUjI b Ba-iman, a. p. a. Faithful, 

V^^ Bab,* s. m. A. I. A door, a 
gate. 2. A chapter, section, or divi- 
sion of a book. 3. Subject, head, 
affair, business, point, matter, reason, 
manner, mode, species, sort. 

Lib Baba, s. m. t. Father, sire, 
sir ; child. 

oob Babat, s. f. A. Account, head, 
article, item ; business, affair, matter ; 
on account of. 

Jjb Babul, n. prop. a. Babel or 

>jIj Babu, s.m.u. 1. A child. 2. 
A prince. 3. Master (a title given by 
Hindus equivalent to Mr. on Es- 

«jylj Babuna, s. m. v. 1. Camo- 
mile. 2. Wildivy. 

yfj Bap, s. m. H. A father. Bap 
karnd, To consider as a father. Bdp- 
re ! and Bdp merd ! are exclamations 
of surprise. 

*4jIj Baph, s.f. s. Steam, vapour. 

ob Bat^ s. /. s. 1. Speech, lan- 
guaf^e, word. 2. Account, subject, 
question, cause, affairs, matter, cir- 
cumstance. Bdt bdndhnd, To sophisti- 
cate, to prevaricate. Bdt barhdnd, 
To prolong a contest. Bdt bigdrnd, 
To mar a plot, to spoil. Bdt bandnd. 
To make up a story, to make excuses. 
Bdt pdnd,To accomplish one's wishes, 
to effect one's purpose. Bdt phernd, 
To equivocate. Bdt phenknd, To 
jeer, to mock, to speak at (but not 
to). Bdt tdlnd, To put off, to excuse 
one's self. Bdt chaldnd, To converse, 
to start a subject. Bdt dhardnd. To 
persist in making excuses, to put off, 
to evade. Bdt ddlnd, To throw away 
words, to ask in vain. Bdt rakhnd 
To assist, to agree, to comply. Bdt 
rahnd. To make good one's words, 
to be fulfilled or accomplished, to 

succeed, to overcome, to get the bet- 
ter in arguments, to be accepted, to 
preserve perfect. Bdt kd batahkaf 
karnd. To multiply words, to talk 
much on little. Bdt kdtnd. To in- 
terrupt. Bdt kursi nishin hond. To 
be acceptable or approved of, (a word 
or speech.) Bdt karnd, To con- 
verse, to talk, to speak. Bdt ki bdt. 
Unmeaning orders, commands not 
expected to be obeyed, words of 
course. Bdt ki bdt men, Instantly. 
Bdt garhnd. To speak to the purpose, 
to speak so as to make an impres- 
sion. Bdt lagdnd. To calumniate, to 
insinuate something maliciously. Bdt 
mdmd. To turn off, to evade, to di- 
vert a discourse, &c. Bdt men kuchh 
karnd. To perform a business in a 
short time, to lose no time in doing 
anything. Bdten sundnd. To abuse, 
to speak harshly. Bdten sunnd. To 
receive abuse or harsh reproof. 

ciib Bat, s. m. s. Rheumatism. 

00^.0 U Bat-chit, s. f. s. Con- 
versation, chit-chat. 
jxi,i3 b Ba-tabbir, a. p. a. Prudent, 
of good counsel. 

jI^oIj Bat-kahao, s. s. see Bat- 
yi^J b Ba-tamiz, a. p. a. Discreet, 

j^yV Batuni, a. s. Conversible, 
talkative, chatty, entertaining. 

Ijjyb Batiiniya, s. m. s. A talka- 
tive, conversible, entertaining person. 

j^b Bati, s.f.s, 1. A candle. 2. 
The wick of a lamp. 3. A tent or 
bougie put into a wound to keep it 

^5jb Ba^i, s. /. s. House, dwel- 

^V Baj, s. m. p. A tax, duty, toll, 
impost, &c. ; tribute. 

^b Baja, s. m. s. A musical in- 

( 54 ) 


jlAa.lj Baj-dar, s. m. p. A tax-ga- 
therer, a collector of revenue. 

i^tj Bajra, s. m. h. Indian-corn 
(Holcus spicatus), 

jliX^b Baj-guzar, s. m. p. One 
who pays taxes, duties, &c. 

(i>^^.' Bajan, s. m. plur. s. Musi- 
cal instruments. 

l*^tj Bajna, v. n. s. To sound 
(a musical instrument), to be pub- 

'^Ve;^^ Bajan-baja, s. m. plur. s. 
see Bajan. 

tcJ^s^h Baja-gaja, s. m. s. The 
sound or clangor of various musical 

l« Bachha, s. m. s. A calf or 

the young of any animal, 
li^^ Bachhna, v. a. s. To choose, 

to select. 
*J^V Bakhta, part. pass. p. Played 
*i.lj Bakha, *. m. v. A tortoise. 
iM Badj s. f. p. Wind, air, breeze, 

gale. Bad se bdt karnd, To go very 

quickly, to be very swift. 
.jIj Bad, V. n. v. {imper. mood), 

Let it be, so be it. 
(•I^Ij Badam, s. m. p. An almond. 
t5*bb Badami, a. p. 1. Almond- 
coloured, almond-shaped. 2. A kind 

of eunuch, 
lylj .ilj Bad-ban, s. m. p. l. A sail. 

2. A vessel used to hold a lamp for 

the purpose of protecting it from the 

b ilj Bad-pa, s. m. p. A swift 

Ujjj .ib Bad-paima, a. p. 1. Swift, 

matching the winds; a swift horse. 

2. A worthless fellow who cares not 

what he says ; an idle talker, a false 

speaker ; one busied in useless labour. 
«^ 0^. Bad-i-tund, s, p. A stormy 


«jti.^lj Bad-khaya, *. m. p. The 

jy^ .sb Bad-khor, s. m. p. A dis- 
ease in horses from which the hair 
falls off. 

1;^ dk Bad-khora, s. p. A scald- 
head (Tinea capitis). 

jd^ Badar, s. m. s. A cloud. 

j<ilj Badur, s. m. s. A flying-fox, 
a bat. 

jliij^b Bad-raftar, a. p. Swift as 
the wind. 

^j^^. Bad-rang, *. m. p. A sort 
of cucumber. 

&Mjji)\i Bad resha, 5. m. p. 1. A 
whirl, a circular piece of wood at the 
end of a spindle. 2. The round piece 
of wood at the upper end of a tent 

*Jjib Badriya, s. m. v. A ventila- 
tor suspended from the roof of a 
house to increase the circulation of 
air and drive away flies. . 

(y^^^i)^. Bad-i-samum, s. f. p. A 
hot pestilential wind (Simoom). 

sU^b Badshah, s. m. v. A king, a 

4iU.Li^b Badshah-ana, a. p. Royal, 
imperial, adv. Royally, princely. 

oaU^U Badshahat, s.f. p. Royal- 
ty, empire, kingdom, government. 

j^kLAiib Badshahi, a. v. Royal, 
imperial, s. Royalty, empire, reign, 

&Joj^ii\i Bad-i-shurta, s. p. a. A 
favourable wind, a fair wind. 

^ ib Bad-i-saba, s. f. p. a. The 
morning breeze, a zephyr, a refresh- 
ing gale. 

iS^iji :)\i Bad-i-farang, f. p. The 
pox (Lues venerea). 

t^ib Bad-kash, s. m. p. A fan, 
a ventilator. 

J<>b Badal, s. m. s. A cloud. 

( 55 ) 

3lotj Badla, '\s. m. h. Gold or sil- 

*^.>tj Badla^j ver thread or wire, 

^■ib Badali, s. f. h. Silver cloth. 

ci/Ls^ib Bad-i-mukhalif, s. f. p. 
A. A contrary wind. 

i\jM,ib Bad-i-murad, s. f. p. a. A 
fair or favourable wind. 

UJotJ Bad-numa, s. m. p. A wea- 

X'i>k Bada, s. m. p. Wine, spirits. 
B.-hash, "Wine drawer. B.-noshi, s. f. 

Uj>Ij Badha, s. plur. of Bad, p. 

Ji\^ .ib Bad-hawai, s. f. p. Fruit- 
lessness, uselessness, waste. 

tf^lj Badi, a. p. Flatulent. 

iSd^. Badi, part. act. a. Begin- 
ner, author. 

*j^'j Badiya, 5. m. p. A bowl, 
cup, glass (but generally made of 
brass or bell-metal). 

<*J:i'j Badiya, s. m. a. A desert, a 

J!5lj Badh, s.f. H. Stubble. 

jlj Bar, p. 1. *. m. Load, burden, 
heaviness, pregnancy, fruit ; time, 
once, repetition ; leave, permission, 
admittance, access; court, tribunal, 
assembly, convention ; sitting of a 
sovereign to give audience. 2. part, 
act. (In comp.) Raining. Bar harnd^ 
or Bdr (lend, v. a. To load, to give 
charge ; to impose, to give trouble, 
to encumber; to give admission or 

Vi;^ Bar-i-ilaha, p. a. Great 

oLj^j Baran, s. m. v. Rain. 
4^'jIj Barani, a. p. Relating to or 

dependent on rain. 

jVj^Ij Bar-bar, adv. p. Repeatedly, 

jf^jb Bar-bardar, a. v. Burthen- 
bearing ; a beast of burden. 

iS)^^y.)^. Bar-bardari, s.f. p. The 
means of conveyance ; burden-bear- 
ing; beasts of burden. 

^Lkjb Bar-i-khatir, s. p. Tire- 
someness, trouble of mind, 

AJLkjb Bar-khana, s. m. p. A ware- 

LjlixA-jlj Bar-i-khuddya, p. Great 

•>;b Barid, a. A. Cold. 

)^i>jk Bar-dar, a. p. Loaded, full 
of fruit ; pregnant. 

Jh^. Barish, s.f. p. Rain. 

j*U^U Bar-i-am, s. m. p. A. Public 

^^^j\^. Barak-alldh, a. God pros- 
per you ! (a phrase of approbation). 

cAO'j Bar-kash, part. act. p. 
Burden-bearing or drawing; ele- 
phants, carts, a porter, &c. 

i^jk Bar-gah, s. f. p. A court, a 
palace, a place of audience. Bdrgdh- 
i-khds, Private court, privy council, 
chamber. Bdrgdh-i-dm, Public court 
(where every one is admitted). 

^i()b Bar-gir, s. m. v. LA horse- 
man (soldier) who does not find his 
own horse. 2. A beast of burthen. 

iJ-^j^. Barfindagi, *. /. p. Raining, 

jjb Baru, s. f. h. 1 Gun-pow- 

ojjb Bariit, s. f. T. J der. 

ijk Barah, a. s. Twelve. Bdrah 
bdt hond, To be a vagabond, ruined, 
or distressed. 

^;b Barha, adv. p. Often, re- 

C5j"^ xj^. Barah-dari, s. f. s. p. 

(Twelve-doored.) A summer-house. 
'^^ «jb Barah-singa, s. m. s, A 


( 56 ) 

<^)^. Bare, adv. p. 1. Once, one 

time, all at once. 2. At last, at length. 

cffjU Bari, part. act. a. The Dei- 
ty, the Creator. 

^l*3j_5^lj Bari-tadla, a. The most 
high God. 

iSjk Ban, s.f.H. 1. A window. 

2. A caste who sell torches and leaves. 

3. An ornament worn in the nose. 
(Sjk Ban, s. f. s. Time, tour, 

turn. B.-ddr, An attendant who 
waits in turn with others. B.kd tap, 
An intermittent fever. 

*r'^J-i Bar-yab, a. p. Admitted in- 
to court or into company, obtaining 

^IjjIj Bar-yab-i, s. f. p. Admit- 
tance at court, &c. v. s. 

vSijjlj Barik, a. p. Fine, slender, 
minute, subtile. 

crt->iljjb Barik-bin, a. p. Intelli- 
gent, quick of apprehension, pene- 

^J^.J^. Bariki, s. f. p. Subtility, 

jlj Bar, «./. s. 1. Edge, margin. 
2. A fence, a hedge. 3. A line (of 
soldiers). 4. Name of a place near 
Monghyr. Bar ufdnd, or jharnd, To 
fire a volley. Bdr bdndhna. To make 
a fence (of thorns). Bar cTiirwdnd, 
chimd, or rakhnd, To sharpen. Bar 
dend, To sharpen, to grind ; to ex- 
cite, to instigate. 

Ujb Barh, *. /. s. 1. A flood. 

2. Promotion, increase. 

^ykjlj Barhi, s.f. s. Usurious pro- 
fit or interest taken on grain. 

IjjIj Barya, s. m. s. A whetter or 
grinder (of knives, swords, &c.) 

j'j Baz, p. 1. *. m. A hawk, a 
a female falcon. 2. adv. Again, back. 

3. a. Open. 4^. part. act. (In comp.) 
Player; as, Shatranj-bdz, Chess- 
player. Bdz and. To decline, leave 

s. m. p. "1 
-^ast, s, f. p. J 

ofi", refuse, reject, desist. Bdz rakhnd^] 

To hold back, prevent, forbid. Bdz \ 

rahnd, s. s. as Bdz-dnd. 

j^jk Bazar, s. m. p. A market. 

^syj^ Bazari, a. p. Belonging to 
the market; a market person. 

u^3^ Baz-purs, s. m. p. 

"•^"^•I^^i^ Baz-khwast, 

Re-iterated inquiry, minute investiga- 

jsl^jb Baz-khwah, s. p. A re- 
quirer, an investigator. 

olfjijb Bazurgan, *. m. p. A mer- 

J>^j}^ Bazurgani, s. f. p. Mer- 
chandize, traffick, trade, commerce, 
j'i jb Baz-dar, s. m. a. Falconer. 

isy<^j^ Baz-dari, s. f. The keep- 
ing of hawks and falcons. 

»-i*^tj Baz-gasht, s. f. p. Re- 
turn, retreat. 

j>;fj Bazii, s. m. p. 1 . The arm. 
2. The fold of a door. 3. The side of 
a bedstead. 4. A friend, a compa- 
nion. 5. One who repeats the chorus 
of the Marsiya, an accompanier in a 
song. Bazii dend, To help, assist, 

^^j^. Bazii-band, s. m. p. An 
ornament worn on the arm ; a brace- 

(^j^. Bazi, s. f. p. Play, sport. 
B. pdnd. To be victorious or prosper- 
ous. B. khdnd. To lose, to be cast ; 
to be cheated. B. lagdnd. To wager. 
B. lejdnd. To win, to excel. 

«^jL) Bazi-cha, s. m. p. 1. Fun, 
play, sport. 2. Wagering. 3. A toy, 
plaything, gew-gaw. 

i^j^ Bazi-gah, s. f. p. Place for 

j^j^. Bazi-gar, s. m. p. A tum- 
bler, one who exhibits feats of ac- 

( 57 ) 

(y^jVj Bazi-garan,\ *. /. p. A 

jy^^jb Bazi-garni,J tumbling 

u-lj Bas, *. /. s. Smell, scent, 

LwL. Basa, s. m. s. Abode, lodg- 

IJL.!j Basana, v. a. h. To perfume, 
to scent. 

*«5^lj Basath, a. s. Sixty-two. 

(^j-^^, Basil, s.f. s. see Bansri. 

(^jJ—'j Basaliq, s. f. g. The great 
vein in the arm ; vena basilica. 

er-'j Basan, s. m. h. A basin, 
plate, dish, goblet, pot, &c. 

U*>»1> Basna, v. a. s. see Basana. 

,j*»Ij Basi, «. s. 1. Stale. 2. Per- 
fumed. B. karnd. To make stale, to 

(^Lj Bash, V. n. imper. m. p. 
(Used in comp. as a substantive,) 
Being, living. 

^k Basha, s. m. p. A kind of 
falcon, a hawk. 

«>-i^ Bashad, v. n. aor. 3d. pers^ 
sing. p. May be. 

j^b Ba-shuiir, a. p. Intelligent, 

aoJuib Bashinda, part. act. p. In- 
habitant (Pers. PI. Bashindagan). 

&ilj Basha, s. m. p. A hawk, a 
sparrow hawk. 

liHj^lj Bashin, s.f. h. The female 
of Basha or Basha. q. v. 

»y*>^. Basira, part. act. A. Sight, 
the sense of seeing. 

aLoU Bi-asli-hi, a. By its origin or 

J^L) Batil, a. a. False, vain, ab- 
surd, futile, of no effect, ignorant, 

^sc-'-'i Jl>lj Batil-u8-sihr, a. Annul- 
ler of enchantment, who or what 
frustrates incantation. 

i^l>^ Batin, s. m. a. The inward 
part, the heart, a. Internal, hidden, 

^J>JoiJ Batini, a. a. Internal. 

^i^lj Bais, part. act. a. Produc- 
tive, s. m. Cause, occasion, motive, 
reason, account, subject, author. 

'^, Bagh, s. m. v. A garden, or- 
chard, grove. B<i^A hdgh ho7id, or 
hojdnd, To be delighted. Bdgh-i-sabz 
dikhdnd, or dikhldnd. To excite desire 
and expectation by deceitful promises. 

oLcb Baghat, s. plur. of Bagh. 

iiiUib Bagh-ban, s. m. p. A gar- 

^yUib Bagh-bani, s. f. p. Gar- 

^^^. Bagh-cha, s. m. p. A small 
garden, a garden. 

j^ilj Baghi, part. act. a. Muti- 
neer, traitor, rebel. 

ob Baf, part. act. and pass. p. 
Weaver, woven. 

<^*tj Baft, s. f. p. Web-tissue. 

^k Bafta, part. pass. p. 1. 
Woven. 2. s. m. A kind of cloth. 
3. A colour (in pigeons). 4. Buttons 
woven like mohair. 

jjiiiib Bafinda, part. act. p. Wea- 

j9^ Baqir, part. act. a. Abound- 
ing in wealth and science. 

jJ^/»^ Baqir-khani, s. f. v. A 
kind of bread or cake mixed with 
butter and milk. 

^Ij Baqila, or Baqla, s. m. a. A 

^/|j Baqi, part. act. a. Remain- 
ing, permanent, eternal ; (used sub- 
stantively) remainder, remnant, ba- 
lance. Bdqi rahnd, To remain, to be 
left, to be saved. 

oUJb Baqiyat, *. plur. of Baqi, a» 
Remainders, balances. 

( 58 ) 

y^li Biiqi-dar, a. a. p. Owing a 

iJ^ Bak, *. m. p. Fear. 

x/^ Bakira, part. act. f. a. A. 

*J^ Bkg, s. f. H. A rein, .a bridle. 
Bdg mornd, To turn the reins, applied 
to the drying up of the pustules in 
small-pox. Bag hath se chhvtnd. 
The reins to have slipped from the 
hand, denotes loss of choice, power, 
or control. 
^SJIj Bdg-dor, 8. f. H. A long 
rein with which horses are led. 

f^ • ^^b \'' ^' s. A tiger. 
I«i0 Bagha, J ^ 

(^b Baghan,-^ 

^k Baghi, s. /. H. A bubo. 

Jl^ Bal, 8. m. s. 1. Hair. 2. 

A boy, a child. Bdl Idl, Hair by 
hair, every hair. Bdl Hndhi kauri 
tndmd, To shoot at without missing, 
to act with great care, not to mistake. 
Bdl bikd, A bent or disordered hair. 
Bdl bikd na hove. Let not a hair be 
hurt, let no harm be done. Bdl- 
charitr. Tricks of children. 

Jl? Bal, 8. f. H. 1. An ear of 
com, 2. A crack in a cup or glass. 
3. s. m. The thread on which sugar 
is crystallized. 

Jb Bal, *. m. P. A wing, a pinion. 

Jb Bal, 9. m. A. Heart, mind ; 
state ; power. 

Jit Bala, prep. p. Above, up. a. 
HiKh. *. m. Top. Bdld bald, adv. 
Deceitfully, fraudulently ; secretly. 
Bdld batdnd, or dend. To balk, to cir- 
cumvent, to dupe, to put off, to dis- 
appoint, to prevaricate. Bdld-dast, 
a. Upper-handed, superior, better. 
j^"^^. Bala-bar, *. rn. p. Part of the 
Angarkha that laps over the thighs. 

<>jj^l> Bala-band, s. m. p. A part 
of dress, a kind of turband ; a coat 
of a particular kind. 

J^illj Bala-bhola, a. s. h. Inno- 
cent, artless, as a child. *. m. An 
artless child. 

e^S'lj Bala-pan, s. m. s. h. Child- 
hood, infancy. 

cr^^'j Bala-posh, *. m. p. A co- 
verlet, a quilt. 

olfi35lL. Bi-1-ittifaq, a. Acciden- 
tally; unanimously. 

^il^SI^ Bala-khana, s. m. v. An 
upper room, an upper story, a bal- 

^Liiljb Bal-afshani, s.f. see Bal- 

tHi«J^^ Bala-nishin, part. p. Oc- 
cupying the chief seat, a president. 

'^— Jj^lj Bald-o-past, p. Above 
and below, i. e. The heavens above 
and the earth beneath. 

^-:>«^J"j Bala-1-maze, *. plur. p. 
Secret pleasures. 

e.ib^'i(b Bala-i-yaft,«./. p. Per- 

^Jb Bal-bachche, s. plur. s. p. 

^Jj^-? Bal-par, *. m. p. Adoption 
of better habits. Bdl-par nikdlnd, 
1- To turn over a new leaf. 2. To 
flourish, to prosper. 3. To betray 
one's evil disposition, to begin wicked 
pranks, to shew the cloven foot. 

3yJ^ Bal-tors. m. s. A pimple. 

cA'b Balish, s. m. p. A pillow. 

^i-^L. Balisht, s.f. p. A span. 

*i~^Jb Bal-shikasta, p. Dis- 
tressed, wretched. 

*^JHr^k Bi-z-zanirat, adv. a. By 
necessity, necessarily. 

U*^tj Bi-l-aks, adv. a. On the 
contrary, on the reverse. 

C"^ Baligh, part, act, a. A youth 

( 59 ) 

just arrived at the age of maturity ; 
an adult. 

t^joib Bi-1-farz, adv, a. With the 
supposition, granted. 

ejl.^Jlj Bal-fishan, p. Expand- 
ing the wings. 

^Liijb Bal-fishani, s. f. p. Ex- 
pansion or shaking of the wings. 

cUft.'b Bi-1-fial, adv. a. iVt this 
moment, now, in short ; in the mean 
time ; in fact, actually. 

viJL) Balak, s. m. s. A child. B.- 
pan or B.-pand, s. m. Childhood. 

cJii^b Bi-1-kull, \adv. a. En- 

a^b Bi-1-kulliya, J tirely^whoUy. 

aUb Bi-llah, a. By God. 

yb Bald, *. /. s. Sand. 

^sj^j}b Baliichan, h. (Silk cloth) 
made in Baluchar near Murshidabad. 

^J'^^k Balidagi, s. f. p. Vegeta- 
tion, growth, increase. 

j5>ijJlj 'QiMAdL, part. pass. p. Grown^ 
vegetated, increased. B. hond, To 
vegetate, to grow up. 

t^j^lj Balin, *. m. p. A pillow. 

j«Ij Bam, s. m. p. An upper story, 
the terrace or roof of an house. 

(•<J Bam, s. f. s. An eel, (Ophi- 
dium simack). s. m. The left (side, 
&c.), reverse. 

ev)j~«b Ba-muru\vat, a. v. Manly, 
brave, generous. 

^^b B^-maza, a. p. Tasteful, de- 

^I.x*b Bamdad, s. f. p. Morning 
dawn, Aurora. 

^^i*«b Bamhni, s.f. h. 1. A stye 
on the eyelids. 2. A lizard. 

^/^r*lj Bamhni, s. /• s. 1. The 
wife of a Brahman, 2. Name of a 
medicinal herb, the moon-plant. 

c>V Ban, s.f. u. Temper, quality. 
s. m. The boar or swell of the tide , a 
kind of rope. 

I 2 

lyb Ban, s. m. s. An arrow ; a 
rocket used in battle. 

cjtj Ban, s. m. A. 1. Name of a 
tree ; either the Sahajna (Guilandina 
moringa), whose seeds are called 
Habhu-l-bdn Ben-nut ; or, according 
to some the Bakayan (Melia semper- 
virens). 2. Name of the tree which 
yields Benzoin (Styrax Benzoe). 3. 
A tree whose leaves and flowers are 
sweet-scented, called by the Persians 

u'j Ban, p. fused in compos, only) 
Keeper, guardian, as Dar-bdn, Door- 
keeper or porter. 

Ijb Bana, s. m. h. 1. Uniform, 
fashion in dress. 2. The woof in 
weaving. B. bdndhnd, To be ready, to 
be determined. 

obb Banat, s. f. h. Broad-cloth. 

^J>^b Banati, a. a. Woollen, 
made of broad cloth. 

<-*Jb Bamb, or Bamb-andhiia, *. /. 
8. An eel. 

j_^^wlj Bambhni,"! s. f. n. A 

j^«^b Bambhi, J snake's hole. 

oJb Bant, s. m. s. 1. Share, 
distribution. 2. A weight, a stand- 
ard weight. 3. Food given to a cow 
while she is milked. Bdnt chont, 
Share, distribution. 

Li^lj Bantna, v. a. s. To share, 
distribute, divide. 

j^b Banjar, a. s. see >e^ 

liAoob Batidhnd, v. a. s. To bind, 
tie, fasten, shut ; to stop water, to 
embank ; to invent, to contrive ; to 
stop ; to pack ; to aim ; to build ; to 
compose ; to put ; to settle or fix. 

t^AJb Bandi, s.f. h. A female 

tj-jo Bans, s. m. s. 1. A bam- 
boo. 2. A measure of about 10 feet. 
B. par chafhnd, v. n. To be branded 
with infamy. 

( 60 ) 

l-jb Bansa, s. m. h. The bridge 
of the nose. 

ijj^li Bdnsri, *. /. s. A flute, 
fife, pipe. 

,J^l> Bansli, s.f. s. 1. seeB^nsri- 
2. A purse. 

4j-jlj Bausij *./. s. 1. see Bansri. 
2. a. Made of bamboo. 

*£^^ Bank, *. w. s. 1. A crook, 
curvature, benditij^ ; a reach or bend 
in a river. 2. Fault, crime, &c. 3. 
A kind of dagger. B. pattd, A kind of 
fencing with a wooden dagger and 

^Ij Banka, s.m.s. 1. A coxcomb, 
a bully. 2. A knife or hook to cut 
bamboos with. 3. a. Crooked ; fop- 
pish. B.-chur, s. m. A coxcomb, 
bully, bravo. 

•-^Ij Bang, *. /. p. Voice, crying 
out, sound J the voice of the Muaz- 
zin calUng Muhammadans to prayer ; 
the crowing of a cock. Bang dena, 
To call (to prayer). Bang mdrn4, To 
cry out, to call. 

i/^^ Bangi, s. f. H. A pattern, 
a muster. 

>li Band, s. f. p. A lady, a prin- 

*-ylj Banawe, a. h. Ninety-two. 

V'^ Banb, s. /. s. 1. The arm. 
2. Protector, guarantee, surety, se- 
curity. JB. pakarnd. To protect. B. 
ttitnd, To be friendless. B. dend, 
To assist. B. gahnd. To protect. 

yil^ Bani, *. /. h. 1. The price 
paid for a work. 2. The thread with 
which cloth is woven. Bdni-boni, 
s.f. The price of weaving. 

4^1j BknXjpart. act. a. A builder, 
architect, composer. 

j^^^^. Bani-kar, s. m. a. p. Ar- 
chitect ; composer, author j beginner, 

(Sj^J^. Bam-kari, *. /. a. p. 

Architecture ; composition, commen> 
cing a business, instigation. 

^k Bao, s. f. s. Wind, air : ( meta- 
phorically) sophistry, flattery. 

^Ij Bao, *./. H. The pox. 

^^:^^lj Ba-wajud, COrtj. p. Not- 
jj^, Bawar, s. m. p. Belief, faith, 
confidence, truth, credit, a. True, 

j^^j^ Bawarchi, s. in. t. A cook. 
Bdwarchi-khdna, A kitchen. 

*-ft^l; Ba-wasf, conj. p. a. Not- 

^j^. Ba-waza, p. a. Mannerly, 
politely, respectfully. 

L»jtj Ba-wafa, p. a. Faithful. 

J^-ijb Bao-siil^l *. m. s. The co- 

JI^U Bao-gola, J lick.flatulency. 

eylJ Bawan, a. h. Fiftj^-two. 

^j^. Baona, a. s. Dwarfish. 

»^ Bah, s. /. A. Virility, man- 
hood ; coitus. 
^^ Bahir,or Bahar, adv. s. With- 
out, abroad, a. Foreign. 
j^^. Bahir, part. act. a. Excel- 
ling, eminent, conspicuous, manifest. 

(jC^b Bahiri, a. s. Outward, 
foreign ; stranger, foreigner. 

f^^. Ba-ham, adv. p. Together. 
Bd-ham-sdZf According, unanimous, 

cr*^ ^ Bahman, s.m.s. A Brahman. 

i^^^ Bahmani, s. f. s. A Brah- 
man's wife; a female of the Brah- 
man caste. 

IJAb Bahna, v. a. s. To shoot, to 

iJ^, Bai, s. f. H. 1. Mistress, 
lady. 2. A dancing girl. 

isk Bae, or Bai, s. f. s. Wind, 
air; flatulency, rheumatism. JB. 
gold, s. m. s. The colick, flatulency. 

( 61 ) 

^yblj Bayan, a. s. Left. s. m. The 
bass part in musick, the bass sound. 

v-jub Bayab, a. h. Apart, sepa- 
rate, distinct. 

•-*jIj Bayab, s. m. s. North-west. 

iSoLA cyjh Bayad shayad, p. As it 
should be. 

jilj Bai, part. act. a. A seller. 

iy4^ Bais, a. h. Twenty-two. 
^ Babar, «. m. p. A lion, a tiger. 

<^jAJ Babri, a. p. Relating to the 
Hon or tiger. 

iSj^. Baburijl s. f. s. The name 

ji^ Babiir, > of a tree of the 

JjJo Babul, J Mimosa kind. 
(The commonest is the Mimosa ara- 

,_5-~^*j Babesi, s.f. h. The piles. 

UjAUj Ba-pa bona, p. h. To be 
raised, established or pitched. 

\j\^ Baphara, s. m. s. Vapour, 
vapour-bath. See Bhaph. 

•^ But, *. m. p. An idol, a be- 
loved object, a mistress. 

vH Bat, *. m. p. A line drawn to 
distinguish separate names in a cata- 
logue or articles in an account ; a 
mark, a score. 

•^J Bat, s. contract, of Bat. q. v. 
(used onlj' in comp.) 

Iaj Bitta, s. m. s. A span. 

Lij Butta, s. m. n. Overreaching, 
fraud, trick, take in. Buttd dend. 
To overreach. 

cr^ Batds^ s.f. s. Wind, air. 

IJLL Batana, v. a. u. I. To point 
out, to shew, explain, teach. 2. To 
appear. 3. s. m. An under turband. 
4. A small metal bracelet. 

lj>lij Butaona, v. a. h. To ex- 

c*-;^ But-parast, s. m. p. An 

i^j^. But-parasti, s. /. p. Ido- 

^jit^^joj But-tarash, *. m. p. A 

^^\ysi But-tarashi, s. f. p. Sculp- 

Ajls^ But-khana, s. m. p. An 
idol temple. 

j^. Batar, a. comp. p. (for Bad- 
tar), Very bad, worse. 

^ Batar, a. a. Mutilated, want- 
ing a tail ; destitute of good qualities. 

ioSli But-kada, s. m. p. s. s. as 

Ij^ Batlaua, v. a. h. s. s. as 

U^k-^AJ Ba-tang bona, v. n. p. 
H. To be distressed. 

Jy4 Batiil, s. f. a. A pure virgin. 

jV^Vf Batoli, s. f. H. Buffoonery. 

^j^^. Bitharna, v. a. s. To cause 
to scatter or sprinkle. 

^\j.%h Bithrana, v. a. s. To scatter, 
to sprinkle. 

IJ^^Sj Bitharna, v. n. s. To be 
scattered or sprinkled. 

)^i^ Bathiia, s. m. s. A kind of 
greens or potherbs (Chenopodium 

^ Batti, s. f. s. A candle ; a 
wick or match ; a tent or bougie. 

1-vij Bittiya, *. m. s. A dwarf. 

O^. Batis, or Battis, a. h. Thir- 

l^j Batta, s. m. n. 1. Deficiency? 
defect, blemish, injury, offence. 2. 
Exchange, discount. 3. A ball (of 
wood or stone). 4. A casket (for 
gems). Batte-bdz, (ball-player.) A 
juggler, a cheat. Batte-bdzi, Jug- 
glery, &c. Batta-4hdr and dhdl, a. 
Even, level. 

lil^ Bitana, v. a. h. To scatter, 
to sprinkle. 

txi Batnii} V. a. s. To twist 
(ropes, &c.) ; to gain. c. n. To be di- 
vided, to be twisted. 

'>^ Batua, s. m. s. 1. A purse or 
small bag. 2. A brass vessel for 
cooking food. 

Ijjyj Batorna, v. a. h. To' gather 
up, collect, purse. 

IJW^ Bithana '\v. a. s. To cause 

UX«1) Bithlana,J to sit down, 
to seat, to set. 

j^ Bater, *. /. s. A kind of 
quail (Perdix olivacea). 

l«? Ba-ja, p. In place ; fit, oppor- 
tune, right, proper, accurate, true ; 
properly, fitly. 

Ullto Ba-ja l^na, v. n. p. s. To 

perforin, to accomplish, to execute, to 

c)^ Ba-jan, p. Heartily, with 

or in the soul. Ba-jdn land, To 

tease, tire, disgust. 

Vila:^ Bajdna, v. a. s. To sound, to 
play on a musical instrument, to per- 
form or execute (music). 

<-.^ Ba-jae, adv. p. Instead, in 
place of. 

lits^^^ Bajbajand, v. n. s. To ef- 
fervesce with noise in putrefying. 

li^AAsrf Ba-jidd hona, v. n. a. h. 

To be in earnest, or importunate. 
js!t Bajr, s. m. s. 1. A thunder- 
bolt. 2. A diamond. 

ir?^ Bajra, 8. m. s. A budjerow, 
(a boat for travelling in, a pleasure 
boat of a larger kind.) 
.>^ Ba-juz, prep. p. With the 
e-vception, without, besides. 

J^' Bijli, *./. 8. 1. Lightning. 
2. A thunderbolt. 

^ Bajn6, 8. \, V. n. To be 
sounded, to sound. 2. *, m. A rupee 
(used among brokers). 3. part. act. 

62 ) 


isy^- Bajantari, *. m. s. A 

player on musical instruments. 
«j«^ Ba-jins, p. a. By kind, in 

detail, particularly. 

^\jsi Bajwana, v. a. s. To cause 
to sound or play on a musical in- 

iJU^ Bujhana, v. a. h. To ex- 
tinguish, to put out. Piyds bujhdnd, 
To quench thirst. 

*Jl4^ Bujhana, v. a. s. To ex- 
plain, to make to comprehend, to 
demonstrate, to push with argument, 
to persuade, to cause to believe, to 
take to. 

Ij'^^ Bijhkana, v. a. s. To 
frighten, scare, alarm. 

Li^««^ Bijhakna, v. n. s. To be 
frightened, &c. v. s. 

W^ Bujhna, v. n. h. To be ex- 
tinguished, to be put out, to be 

l^ Bacha, s. m. p. see *s^. 

h^. Bichdra,-! ,^ 

fL T»- u' ' U. p. see «;la^. 
ij^. Bichara,/ 

^LrJ Bichali, *./. h. Straw. 

Ijl^ Bachana, v. a. h. To save, 
preserve protect, defend, guard, re- 
serve, spare, avoid, conceal. 

jl^ Bachao, s. m. h. Protec- 
tion, defence. 

t^J*^ Bach-pan, s. m. p. h. Child- 
hood, infancy. 

jji*^ Bachti, s.f. h . Residue, re- 

Ij^ Bichkana, v. a. h. To dis- 
appoint, to balk. 

^^^Bichakna, v. n. h. To be dis- 
appointed or balked. 

^^- Bachcha-gana, a. p. Fit for 

children, puerile, 
tf^ Bachchagi, *. /. p. Infancy, 

^ Bachna, v. n. h. To be saved. 


( 63 ) 


A calf. 

to escape, to remain unexpended, to 

^J\ys^. BichwanijH *. m. s. A me- 

^y^- Bichauliya, J diator, inter- 
poser, arbitrator, agent. 

^- Bachcha, s. m. p. An infant, 
a child, the young of any creature. 

Ct«a^ Bichhata, s. m. h. A sting- 
ing nettle. 

IJI««^ Bichhana, v. a. s. To 
spread. Bichhd-dend, To spread; to 
knock down, to drub, 

Lr**^ Bachhra, 1 

j^^^ Bachhru,J 

ly'o*^ Bachcha-dan, *. m. p. 
The womb. 

IJ^*? Bichhalna, v. n. s. To be 
separated, to slip, to slide, to slip out 
of place, to sprain, to turn away the 

li**^ Bichhna, v. n. s. To be 

^*^ Bichchhu, s. m. s. A scor- 
pion ; the sign Scorpio. 

^j^ Bichchhua, s. m. s. A scor- 

IJ!>«»? Bichhwana, v. a. a. To 
cause to spread. 

^j^- Bichhaun^, or Bichhona, 
s. m. s. Bedding, bed, carpeting. 

k^- Bachhiya, s. f. a. A female 

[jii^- Bachhera, *. m. s. A colt. 

(Sj^^ Bachheri, s. f. s. A foal. 

ijff'. Bachchij s. f. p. A female 
young one. 

<tAs:i Bahhas, a. superl. of ^^^^ 
A. A great disputer, controvertist, 

j^ Bihar, s. plur. of Bahr, a. 

J^ Ba-hal, p. a. In state or 
condition. «, Unaltered, happy, flou- 
rishing, re-instated, as before,restored. 

.£^ Balis, s. f. A. Inquiry, dis- 
cussion, altercation, controversy. 

f^Jjs'.iiss'. Bahs-a-bahsi, s. f. a. 
Controversy, discussion, argumenta- 

Uis^ Bahasna, v. a. a. h. To 

argue, dispute, talk. 
j=^- Bahr,* a. \. 8. m. k. sea, 
bay, gulph. 2. s.f. Metre, verse. 3. 
A fleet. 

iyl>sr? Buhrdn, s. m. a. The crisis 
of a disease. 

iSj^- Bahri, a. 1. a. Maritime, 
belonging to the sea. 2. s. f. h. for 
Bahri, a female falcon, &c. 

l;^- Buhaira, s. m. a. A small 
sea, a lake. 

j^^- Bukhar, s. m. a. Steam, 
glowing heat (of the ground or such 
as is felt in fever), vapour, exhalation. 
B. dil men rakhnd. To entertain ma- 
lice or enmity in the heart. B. nikal- 
nd. To break out (an eruption on the 

*-i*^^ Bakht, s. m. p. Fortune, 
luck, prosperity, felicity. -Ba&Af^a/raa, 
To lose one's luck, to become unfor- 

^JUy^z^sr'. Bakht-azmai, s. f. p. 
Trying one's fortune. 

jjVisr^ Bakht-awar, a. p. Fortu- 
nate, lucky. 

(j^UIs^ Bakht-bazi, *. /. p. s. s. 
as Bakht-azmai. 

j^^Lxiir^ Bakht-baU, a. p. Lucky, 

}(.^i*jus^. Bakht-i-tira, "^ p. Mis- 

jslju»vi*iJ Bakht-i-siyah, J fortune. 

(J^- Bukhti, s. f. p. A quick- 
paced camel (for riding and not for 
carrying burdens). 
jUiirf Bakht-yar, a. p. Fortunate. 

iSj^^- Bakht-yari, s. /. p. Good 

Ai ( 64 

iji> Bakhrd, *. m. p. Share, por 



oj^ Bakhrait, a. p. Partner, 

ij^. Bakhsh, p. 1. part. act. (In 

comp.) Imparting, bestowing, for- 
giving, forgiver. 2. s. m. Share, 

portion, lot, forgiveness. B. dend, 

To give, bestow, forgive. 
liLl^ Bakhshana, v. a. p. h. To 

cause to give, to procure pardon (for 

J;J<^- Bakhshish, s. f. v. Gift, 

grant, boon, forgiveness, liberality, 

libli^ Bakhshna, v. a. p. h. To 

give, forgive, 
wllarf Bakhshinda, part. act. p. 

Giving, giver, bestower, pardoner. 
jAii Bakhshi, s. m. v. A general, 

a commander-in-chief. 
«iin^ij^^,i^Bakhshi-almamalik, p. 

A. Commander-in-chief. 
4iLLj^ Bakhshi-khana, p. The 

pay office, the general's office. 
LSjTij^^- Bakhshi-gari, s. f. p. 

Office or duty of a general. 
i^. Bukhl, s. m. a. Avarice, 

stinginess, parsimony. 
i>_^- Ba-khud, p. In self, by self, 

of self. Ba-khud ind, To come to one's 

j^. Bakhur, *. m. a. Perfume, 

odour, frankincense. 
tU*^ Bakhil, a. a. Miser, nig- 
f^^- Bakhili, 8. /. a. Stinginess, 

A^ Bakhiya, s. m. p. A kind of 
stitching, a strong quilting, stitching. 
^. Bad, a. p. Evil, bad. 
^. Bad, *./. H. A bubo. 

<«>j Bida, *./. s. or a. Dismission, 
taking leave, farewell, adieu. 

j^jj|«ij Badabadi, adv. h. With 
" emulation or rivalry ; contentious- 


(33Lkl^ Bad-akhlaq, a. a. p. Of 
bad habits. 

fcjyJuoi<>j Bad-usliib, a. v. a. Ill- 
shaped, ill-made, of bad conduct. 

J-«l«io Bad-asl, a. p. a. Low-born. 

^Jyc\li>) Bad-usuli, *./. p. a. Bad 

jl^isloo Bad-atwar, a. p. a. Ill- 

j_^jolt>j Bad-andesh, a. p. Evil- 
minded, inimical. 

o-jI^ Badayat, s. f. a. Begin- 

e^T«>J Bad-ain, a. p. a. Of bad 
manners, observing no religious pre- 

4^ilji>j Bad-batin, a. p. a. Inter- 
nally evil. 

vi-^oj Bad-bakht, a. p. Unlucky, 
unfortunate ; evil-minded. 

y^. Bad-bu, a. p. Fetid, s. f. 

jjjk^<jj Bad-parhez, a. v. Not con- 
troling one's inclinations and pas- 
sions, intemperate. 

^5^<5>j Bad-pashmi, s. f. v. Bad- 
" ness of hair or wool, bad coat of a 
horse, &c. 

y«^ Bad-tar, a. compar. p. Worse, 

J!*^^. Bad-chashm, a. v. Malig- 
nant, envious, coveting another man's 
goods or wives. 

jU..ij Bad-hal, a. v. a. In bad 

circumstances, ill-conditioned. 
j^i^A..>j Bad-hawass, a. p. a. 
Senseless, stupified, in consternation. 
j^Liuk«>j Badakhshan, p. Name of 

a country famous for rubies. 
h^cyi Bad-khatt, a, p. a. Writing 


( 65 ) 


fjd^<^ Bad-khulqi, s. f. p. a. 
Bad disposition, evil nature. 

_^«3^ Bad-kho, a. p. Of bad ha- 
bits, ill-disposed. 

(_5.^^ Bad-kho-i, s. f. p. Un- 
mannerliness, ill-nature. 

5Jl^»>>j Bad-khvvahj a. p. Wishing 

ie:><^. Bad-dud, s. f. p. a. A 
curse, imprecation. 

J^oj Bad-dil, a. p. Suspicious. 

cU,> .ij Bad-daniagh, a. p. Dis- 
satisfied, displeased with every thing- 

^U^^ Bad-damaghi, s.f. p. Ill- 
will, displeasure. 

Jj5<^ Bad-daul, a. p. h. Ill-shap- 
ed, ungraceful. 

e>ii<>.> Bad-zat, a. p. a. Low born, 
of bad breed, wicked, vicious. 

^J\i)<^. Bad-zati, s. f. p. a. Base- 
ness, wickedness, viciousness. 

i^ii^j Bad-zihn, a. p. a. Stupid, 

slow of apprehension. 
j«io Badr, s. m. a. The full moon. 
j»j Ba-dar, adv. p. Without, out. 

il^)Cyi Bad-rah, a. v. Wicked, sin- 

j;j«>j Badar-rau, s. f. p. A drain, 
a sewer. 

A»;<^ Badriqa, s.m. a. I. A guide, 
convoy, or guard on the road. 2. 
A fellow-traveller. 3. Any thing 
ordered to be taken with a medicine ; 
a vehicle for medicine. 

v'Cj'^ Bad-rikab, a. p. Ill-paced, 
difficult to mount (a horse). 

•-^^i^J Bad-rang, a. p. Of a bad 
colour, of bad kind. 

^j^. Bad-rau, a. p. Ill-paced (a 

ij<^. Badra, s. m. h. A bag of 
money ; a weight of 10,000 dirheras. 

(S)'^. Bidri, s. f. h. A kind of 
tutenag inlaid with silver, used to 

make Huqqa bottoms, cups, &c. and 
so called from the Beeder (the name 
of a city and province in the Deccan). 

iy|J3<H Bad-zaban, a. p. Indecent 
(speaker), abusive.' s. f. See Bad- 

^ybjtjj Bad-zabani, s. f. p. Inde- 
cent language, abuse. 
«-*j;ii«> Bad-zeb, a. p. Ungraceful. 

o^Uiw Bad-saat, s. f. p. a. An 
unlucky moment. 

jji*«<ij Ba-dastiir, p. As usual, 
according to custom. 

^«<>j Bad-saj, a. p. s. Ungraceful, 

f^^^-^^d^ Bad-sirisht, a. p. Ill-dis- 
posed, ill-natured. 

J^Si Bad-sigal, a. p. Evil-mind- 
ed, malevolent, malignant. 

^_jS^Lwjij Bad-suluki, s. f. p. a. 
Bad behaviour, maltreatment. 

o^i*"*^ Bad-sirat, a. p. a. Ill- 
tempered, of bad disposition. 

i_)l^jj Bad-sharab, a. p. Drunk. 

^I^.A^ Bad-sharabi, s. f. p. 

cLCi'^J Bad-shakl, a. p. Ill-shap- 
ed, ill-looking. 

j^ji^-^j Bad-shuguni, s,f. p. Bad 

e,j^,>j Bad-surat, a. p. a. Ugly, 

(^j^iij Bad-tariq, s. m. p. a. Bad 
habit (in a religious sense). 

'^;*^«>^ Bad-tinat, a. p. a. Male- 
volent, iniquitous. 

(«iHls«>J Bad-tinati, s. /. p. a. 
Malevolence, iniquity. 

^^<^i Bad-zann, a. p. a. Suspi- 

«i-*«>J Bidat, s. f. A. The intro- 
duction of novelty or change in re- 
ligion, schism ; violence, oppression, 

( 66 ) 



^S) Bidati, a. a. Tyrant, op- 

s^c^ Bad-ahd, a. p. a. Faithless, 

d*>>^. Bad-fial, s. m. p. a. Evil 
deeds, a. Of bad habits- See Bad- 

8,1^^ Bad-qaw^ra, a. p. a. Ill- 
formed, ill-mannered. 

jl^j.' Bad-kar, ^a. p. Evil- 

jt^jjBad-kirdar,J doer ; sinful. 

iSj^^. Bad-kari, s.f. p. Wicked- 
ness, evil doing. 

(.r^oj Bad-kesh, a. p. Impious, . 

jyUfoo Bad-gum^n, a. p. Suspi- 

^^lJ^>J Bad-gumani, s.f. p. Sus- 

^>^ Bad-go, a. p. Evil-speaking, 

^^^ Bad-go-i, s. f. p. Slander, 

j^<^. Bad-guhar, a. p. Of bad 

J^, _Badal, s. m. a. Exchange, 
substitution, retaliation; (postpos.) 
In exchange for. Badal lend, To 
exchange, to take in exchange. Ba- 
dal-i-mdl, s. m. Price, barter. 

J<i^ Baddal, *. m. s. A cloud. 

3/>iJ Badla, s. m. a. Exchange, 
lieu, stead ; a substitute, recompense, 
revenge. Badld lend, v. a. To alter; 
to take revenge. 

lJ5l»V Badlana, v. a. a. h. To cause 
to alter, to change. 

Ji)i^ Badlai, s. f. a. h. Price of 

Jelsr^.^ Bad-lihaz, a. p. a. Un- 
mannerly, disrespectful. 

j»KiAj Bad-lagam, a. p. Not obe- 
dient to the rein, hard-mouthed. 

Li^jj Badalna, v. a. A. H. To 

change, to alter. 
^•'>>J Badli, s. f. s. Cloudiness ; 

a small cloud. 
^^<>J Badli, s. f. A. Exchange, 

relief (of watches). 

^Jy^<^. Bad-mazagi, *. /. p. Taste- 
lessness ; coolness between friends. 

c:-«/c6J Bad-mast, a. p. Intoxi- 
cated, dead-drunk. 

*J-^<^ Bad-muzanna, a. p. a. 

fJ.\MO^ Bad-ma^sh, a. p. a. Of a 
bad profession or way of life, of an 
infamous trade. 

iLcU>o>i.j Bad-muamala, a. p. a. 
Unfair in dealing 

iSj\;^'^. Bad-mihri, s. f. p. Dis- 
obligingness, unkindness. 

u«>^ Badan, *. m. a. The body. 
B. phaljdnd. To be covered with an 
eruption of pustules. 

IJiw Badna, v. a. s. 1. To wager, 
bet. 2. To settle ; to take as witness ; 
to obey, acknowledge, consent. 

(•Ujo Bad-nam, a. p. Infamous, 

^U^ Bad-nami, s.f. p. Infamy, 
ignominy, scandal. 

cX-Jii^ Bad-nasl, a. p. a. Of a bad 
race or breed ; a bastard. 

«_A.x^«<io Bad-nasib, a. p. a. Un- 

J*j>xj Bad-nal, a. p. a. Tripping 
(a horse). 

^<^, Bad-numa, "1 a.p.Ill-look- 

iy^^ Bad-numud,J ing, un- 
graceful, inelegant. 

jyL.o.>.j Bad-numai, s. f. p. Un- 
gracefulness, inelegance. 

il^<v Bad-nihad, a. p. Ill-dis- 

j<^. Badu, a. p. Infamous. 


( 67 ) 

jc^i Badu, s. /. A. 1. Beginning, 
appearance. 2. The desert. 3. A 
tribe of Arabs inhabiting the desert. 

f^j<iJ Bad-waza, a. p. a. Evil- 

jyt^«>^ Bad-wazi, s. f. p. a. Bad 

'^^j'^. Ba-daulat, p. a. By the 
fortune, by the bounty, by the means; 
in empire. 

c)j«5J Bidun, prep. p. Without, 

iSji^. Badawi, a. a. Of the coun- 
try or desert. *. A Bedouin or Arab 
of the desert, a country-man. 

J!>xj Budh, s. m. s. 1. The planet 
Mercury. 2. Wednesday. 

Uajj Badhiya, s. f. s. A bullock, 
any castrated animal. 

oiAjfc^j Bad-haiat, a. p. a. in- 
formed, ugly. 

(S'^. Badi, s.f. p. Badness, wick- 

5i«i^ Bad;, a. A. Novel, wonder- 
ful, rare, curious, strange. 

i^^>^ Bad-yumn, a. p. A. Ill- 
omened, unpropitious. 

f^^*i<^ Bad-yumni, s. f. p. a. 
Bad omen, ill luck. 

*^iiJ Badiha, *. m. a. 1. An ex- 
tempore, an impromptu, anything 
done without meditation, an unex- 
pected event, 2. An axiom. 

^t^tiJ Badihi, A. \. a. Unpreme- 
ditated, apparent, self-evident. 2. s. f. 
An axiom. 

Ajlij Bi-zati-hi, adv. a. By its 

own essence, of itself, independently. 
j<^ Bazr, s. m. a. Seed. Bazr- 

gar. An husbandman. 
Jij Bazl, s. m. a. Expense, gift, 

^'^. Bizla, s. m. a. An every-day 

garment of which no care is taken. 
I 2 

&i'^. Bazla, s. m. a. A jest, 

y. Barr, s. m. a. Dry land, a de- 
J- Bur, s.f. H. Pudenda feminae. 
_ji Bar, «./. p. 1. Bosom. 2. Fruit. 
3. prep. On, up, above, upon, at. 4- 
part. act. Bearing, bearer, carrier, 
taking away. Bar mama or hdnknd. 
To boast. Bar and. To come up, to 
come forth, to be successful, to be 
obtained, to be accomplished, to ab- 
stain. Bar land. To produce, fulfil, 
accomplish, yield. 

1^ Bara, a. s. Great, s. m. Cakes 
of pulse fried in ghee. 

[H Bura, a. h. Bad, worse. B. 
mdnnd, v. a. To take amiss, to be 
y}y. Barabar, a. v. Abreast, even, 
level, plain, uniform, smooth, like, 
alike, up to, opposite, equal, exact, 
accurate, straight. Barabar and. To 
overtake. Barabar sardbar, a. Equal, 
like. jB. karnd, To smooth, to com- 
pose. B. hond. To terminate, to 
allow, to suit. 

<Sj^bi Barabari, s. f. v. Equality, 

ot^j Barat, s.f. a. A commission, 
warrant, assignment, letter. 

yZ)\y, Barat, s. f. p. The fourteenth 
day of the month Shaban, which is 
appropriated to the commemoration 
of ancestors. See Shab-i-bardt, (it's 
more usual name.) 

;.>[^ Biradar, s. m. p. Brother. 
J3. parwar, a. Kind to friends and 

*Jl;>>I^ Biradar-ana, a. p. Bro- 

^^^jj^^y. Biradar-zada, s. m. p. A 
brother's son, a nephew. 

LSj^lr! Biradari, s. f. p. Brother- 
hood, relationship. 

( 68 ) 


li\ji Bur^da, s. m. a. Filings. 

j^y. Bardr, p. Bringing or bear- 
ing up ; producer, performer. 

j^y. BaraZ; or Biraz, s. m. a. 1. 
Stool, motion, excrement. 2. Fighting. 

.jliiTw Bar-uftad, part. pass. p. 
Fallen oflf or away. 

C[;i Burdq, n. prop. a. The ass 
on which Muhammad is said to have 
passed from Jerusalem to heaven. 

clri Barraq, a. a. Flashing, shin- 
ing, brilliant, resplendent. 

ts'iH Barraqi, s.f. a. Brilliancy, 

•i-ef/j Bar-amad, p. 1. *. /. Com- 
ing up, issue, expenditure. 2. In- 
forming (of bribery, &c.) accusation, 
impeachment. 3. part. Come up, 
come out. 

s<^jj Bar-amada, s. m. p. A ve- 
randa, balcony, porch. 

ul/? Burrdn, part, p. Cutting, 

^^ji Barrana, v. n. n. To talk in 

one's sleep or in a delirium. 
31.^1^ Bar-andaz, part. act. p. 

Overturning, destroying. 
j}y Bar^, *. p. s. Abstinence. 

^J^'^y. Bar-awurd, *. /. p. Calcu- 
lating, estimating; considering before 
hand what may be necessary for a 
feast, &c. Bar-dumrd karnd, i. To 
strike out (of a muster-roll.) 2. To 
calculate, estimate, carry to account. 

cr**!^ Brihman, *. m. s. A Bra- 

t/*^^y. Brahmani, s. f. s. see 

,^V Bura'i, s. f. h. Mischief, 
evil, wickedness. B. par vtknd, or 
kamar bdndknd. To resolve on mis- 

i.'^ Bara-e, adv. p. By reason, 
on account of, for, for sake of. 

.ilj;j Bar-bad, a. p. (Given) to 
the winds ; thrown away, destroyed, 
laid waste, ruined. 
(Sjiy. Barbari, s. f. s. A large 

kind of goat. 
y^jj Barbat, s. f. p. A kind of 

harp or lute. 
Ij^ lj^ Bar-pa karna, v. a. p. s. 

To raise, pitch, establish. 
^^ Hy Bar-pa bona, v. w.p. h. To 

be raised, &c. 
Jiy Bar-tar, a. p. High, higher, 

isyy. Bartari, s. f. p. Excellence, 

ijiji Bartan, s. m, h. A dish, 

plate, basin ; vessel, utensil. 
yjy Birti, s. m. h. Name of a 

plant (A species of Panicum). 
^y. Bruj, s. m. h. A large track 

rope. Burj, s. m. A cable. 
(^. Burj,* «. m. A. 1. A bastion, a 

tower. 2. A sign of the zodiac. 
^ Braj, *. m. s. Name of a dis- 
trict containing the villages of Ma- 

thura, Gokul, Brindaban, &c. being 

about 168 miles in circumference. 
^y Bar-ja, p. In place j accu- 
rate, right, true. 
*j^^ Bar-jasta, a. p. Opportune, 

a-propos, right, proper, exact, 

iif^y Birchan, *. m. h. Flour 

made from the fruit of the Ber 

(Rhamnus jujuba). 
kf-y Barchha, s. tti.I h. A (long) 
^j^y Barchhi, s. f.j spear, a 

javelin. B. barddr, A spear-man. 
^s-^«^^ Barchhait, s. m. h. A 

^^\S.y Barkhast, s.f. p. Rising 

up, recalling or removing from oflSce. 
<>Jj^ Barkhurd, s.f. v. Success, 

the obtaining of one's desires. 

( 69 ) 

j^ijj^ji Barkhur-dar, a. p. Hap- 
py, enjoyinpf long life and prosperity. 
(Male children are thus called). 

^y, Bar-khe, s, p. A little, 
somewhat, a small part. 

.ijj Bard, s. m. a. Cold, frigidity. 
^\iji Bar-dar, a. h. p. Wide, 

broad (cloth). 
jt>>/j Bar-dar, j9ar^. p. (In comp.) 
Taker up, carrier, bearer. 

isjhji Bar-dari, s. f. p. The act 
of bearing, carrying, &c. 

o«il.>^ Bar-dasht, s. f. p. Endu- 
rance, patience. 

Ai-ii^ Bar-dashta, part. pass. p. 

Raised up, elevated, removed. 
jVjOrJ Burd-bar, a. v. Burden- 
bearing ; forbearing, patient, mild. 

iS)'^.^y. Burd-bari, s.f. p. Bearing 
of burdens, forbearance, &c. 

ti>y. Barda, s. m. and /. p. A cap- 
tive, a slave. B. farosh, A slave- 

iSiji Bardi, s. f. a. Papyrus. 

r3y Barzakh, *. m. a. Interval, 
separation ; the time and state of a 
man from death till the resurrection. 

u^ji Baras, 5. m. s. Rain ; a year. 
B. gdnth. The ceremony of tying a 
knot on the anniversary birth-day of 
a child. 

(^ Baras, s. m. n. An intoxi- 
cating drug made of opium. 

oL«;J Barsat, s. /. s. The rainy 
season, the rains. 

^Jl-ji Barsati, s. f. s. The name 
of a disorder in horses, the farcy. 

^Imji Bar-sam, s. m. p. The pleu- 
risy ; an inflammation of the dia- 
phragm (?). 

\JL,ji Barsana, v. a. s. To cause 
to rain. 

^L^ Barsau, part, act, s. Rain- 

Ix^y Barasna, v. n. s. To rain. 
lijl^*^ Baraswan, a, s. Annual, 

{Jy Burrish, s. f. p. Cutting. 

*i^ Birishta, part. pass. v. 
Fried, boiled. 

{jcji Baras, *. m. a. The leprosy. 

"4Ah Bar-taraf, a. p. a. Aside, 
apart, dismissed. Bar-taraf karnd. 
To dismiss, discharge, turn off. Bar- 
taraf hond, To be dismissed, &c. to 
be cast aside. 

^yj^j* Bar-tarfi, s. f. p. a. Dis- 
mission, discharge. 

«J^ Barf, *. m. f. p. Ice, snow. 
Barf-parward, a. Iced, coated in ice. 

^Jy Barfi, s. f. v. A kind of 
sweatmeat. a. Icy, snowy. 

Csy Barq, s. /. a. Lightning. 

^^j6y. Barq-zada, a. p. Stricken 
by lightning. 

^y. Burqa, or"| s. m. a. A dress 

**^ Burqaa,j or kind of veil 
with eye-holes to it, covering the 
whole body from head to foot. 

{J'^^y. Burqa-posh, *. a. p. One 
who wears a Burqa. v. s. 

jt^ji^ Barq-andaz, s. a. p. A 
matchlock-man, a musketeer. 

c>l(/Barakat, 5.j9/Mr. /. A. Bles- 
sings, auspiciousness, prosperity. Bd- 
barakdt, a. Fortunate, prosperous. 

*^^y. Barakat,* s. f. a. Blessing, 
abundance, prosperity, auspicious- 
ness, an inherent prosperity which 
produces success or abundance. 

^y Birka, *. m. a. A pond, a 

^y Barg, s. m. v. 1. A leaf. 2. 
Warlike apparatus , provision or ne- 
cessaries for a journey. 3. A musi- 
cal instrument; melody. Barg-i- 
gul, p. Leaf of a rose (met.) the lip 
of a mistress. 

( 70 ) 


i^J^y. Bar-guzida, part. pass. p. 

Chosen, selected, elect. 
,J^ji. Bar-gashta-gi, s.f. p. Re- 
" trocession, inversion, turning back, 

is£Sji Bar-gashta, ^ar/. pass. p. 

Turned, changed, inverted, turned 

back, apostatized, rebelled. 
^Jji Bargi, *. w. s. A name of 

the Maharattas. 
iS4ji Bargel, *. m. h. An ortolan. 
\y> Burld, s. m. h. A wasp. 
Uji Barma, «. r». h. A kind of 

gimlet or borer worked with a string. 
IjU^ Barmana, v. a. h. To bore. 

U^ji Barmha, w. prop. h. A Bir- 

Ij/j Barna, s. m. p. A youth. 

^Ifi Birinj, s. m. p. 1. Rice. 2. 

(SJ^^ Birinj-ari, s. m. p. One 
who follows the camp with grain ; 
the grain-merchants who supply ar- 

ij^ji Birinji, a. p. Brazen, of 

*-^ Ba-rang, p. In the manner. 

ijl;i Birni, s.f.K. 1. A wasp. 2. 

A small grain. 
*s>i^ Burut, s. f. P. Whiskers, 

^jtji Buruj, A. *. plur. of Burj, 

*i^i:)y. Burudat, *. /. a. Coldness, 

<^jjf Baru-mand, a. p. Fortu- 
nate, happy. 
«^ Barwa, s. m. u. A bird that 

feeds on fish. 
ty. Bara, s. m. p. A lamb, a kid. 
^ Burha, a. h. Wicked, bad. 
a 4^ Burh^n, s. m. a. Demon - 

stration, proof. 

f^ji Bar-ham, a. v. Confused^ 
entangled, spoiled, angry, vexed, 
sullen. Barham-darkam, Entangled, 
confused, topsy-turvy. 

U^ji Brahma, s. s. The deity in 
the character of creator. 

wijj^A^ Barham-zadan, *. m. p. 
Confusing, mixing together, striking 

^^JCtf^ Barham-zada, a. p. Con- 
fused, convulsed, turned topsy-turvy. 

iD}(^j^ Barham-zan,. s. p. An ex- 
citer of quarrels, an embroiler. 

(Jjf^j^ Barham-zani, *. /. p. 1. 
Embroiling. 2. Interference, pre- 
vention, putting a stop to. 

er*^ Brahman, n. prop. s. A 

ij*^y. Barhami, s, f. p. Confusion, 
convulsion, trouble. 

(^tH Barhana-gi,5./. p. Naked- 

i^y. Barahna, a. p. Naked, bare. 

(Sji Bari, s.f. h. Quicklime. 

(sy Bari, a. a. Acquitted, free, 

isy. Barr-i, a. a. Belonging to 
the dry land, forest, or desert ; wild. 

(Sji Bara'i, s. m. u. A seller of 
betel leaf; a cultivator of betel. 

«x>iJl^^ Bariyu-z-zimma,A.Free 
from charge or obligation ; justified. 

cjkji Biryan, a. p. Fried, roasted, 
broiled, parched, grilled; burning, 

x<^iy. Burida, part, pass, p. Cut, 
amputated, clipped. 

yijijiy- Birez-birez, p. Overcome 
by and yielding to misfortune or to 
an enemy. 

c^j^ Barain, s. f. h. A female 
seller of Betel ; see Bara'i. 

uiy. Barin, a. p. High, sublime. 

ji Bar, s. m. s. 1. The Bengal 

( 71 ) 


fig tree (Ficus Indica). 2. (In comp.) 
Great — contract, for Bara. 

j» Bur, s. f. H. Pudenda feminae. 

\y. Bara, a. s. Large, great, &c. 
Bard karnd, 1. To enlarge, exalt, 
promote. 2. To extinguish or put 
out (a lamp, &c.) 

'^'j^ Bara-pa, s. m. s. h. Gran- 
deur, dignity, elevation. 

iJ^ji Barai, s. f. s. Greatness, 
excellence ; magnifying, boasting, B. 
karnd, To extol, magnify, boast, 
vaunt. B . dend. To honour. 
yy. Barbar, s. f. s. Muttering ; 
talk of a delirious person. 

lj[>jjj Barbar-ana, v.n. s. To mut- 
ter, chatter nonsense, talk light- 

Ijjjji Barbariya, part. act. s. A 
mutterer, chatterer. 

Wajj Burhapa, s. m. s. h. Old 

li^ \Ay Barha-lana, v. a. s. To 
bring forward, lead on. 

^^y. Barhana, v. a. s. 1. To in- 
crease, to lengthen, to make advance, 
to raise, promote, rear up. 2. To 
extinguish. 3. To shut up (a shop). 
4. To remove (the table-cloth). 

j^y Barhao, s. m. s. Prolonga- 
tion, advancement, increase. 

^AJJ Barhta, s. m.'\ s. Increase, 

^Lhjj Barhti, s. /.J overplus, 
more, promotion. 

Jajj Barhal, 5. h. A small round 

i^y Barhan, s. f. s. A carpen- 
ter's wife. See Barha'i. 

^y Barhnd, v. n. s. To increase; 
to go on, proceed, advance ; to ex- 
aggerate ; to grow ; to rise, to swell ; 
to be promoted. 

iJ^y Barha'i, 8. m. s. A carpen- 

k^y Burhiya, s.f. s. An old wo- 

ak^£—y Bare miyan, s. m. h. Old 
man ! Sir ! 

y. Buz, s. m. p. A he-goat. Buz- 
dil, A coward. Buz-dili, s. f. Cow- 
ardice. Buz-kohi, The mountain goat. 
Buz-giri, Goat-taking. 

y Bazz, s. m. a. Fine linen. 

3l>> Bazzaz,*. A. A cloth-merchant, 
a mercer. 

iSj^y Bazzazi, s. f. a. The busi- 
ness of a Bazzaz. v. s. 

(3!>? Buzaq, s. a. Spittle. 

j^y Bazbaz, *. m. p. Mace (a 

<^)y Buzurg, a. v. Great, s. A 

grandee, a great man ; a saint, an 

elder, an ancestor. 
j^^jy. Buzurg-war, a. p. Ancestor, 

elder, saint. 

iS)^j^jy. Buzurg-wari, *./. p. Great- 
ness, eminence. 

^^jy Buzurgi, s.f. p. Grandeur, 

greatness, exaltation. 
sJ\jy Buz-ghala, s. m. p. A kid. 

^^y Bazla, s. m. a. A jest. 

(•jj Bazm, s. f. p. Banquet, as- 
sembly, company. 

ci>j Bizan, p. {imper. o/Zidan,) 

)iy Ba-zor, p. By force. 

%y Baza, s. m. v. A sin, a crime. 

jl^jjjJ Baza-kar, s. m. p. A crimi- 
nal, a sinner. 

(j»j Bas, a. p. Enough, plenty, 
abundance, too much, very much. 
Bas karnd, To stop, seize, put an end 
to, have done. Bas ki. Although. 

O*^ Bis, s. m. s. Venom, poison. 

Lj Basa, a, p. Much, very. Basd 
buzurg, Very great or noble. 

( 72 ) 


oLj Bisat, *./. H. Means, capi- 
tal, stock, estate. 

JiL^ Bisati, *. H. A grocer, a. 

ALj Bisdt, *. /. A. What is spread 
out; bedding, carpeting, .a chess- 
board, &c. Is used also for Bisdt, h. 

e;Lj Ba-sSn, p. In the likeness, 

*^^ Bis^n, «• /• «• Fetidness, 
smell of putrescence. 

IJLj Basana, v. «. s. To people, 
colonize, &c. See A'bad kama. 

t^L.j Bisahan, s.f. s. see Bisan. 

«,,U-j Basbasa, s. m. a. Mace (a 

Bast, s.f. 8. Chattels, things, 

Bist, p. (for Bist,) Twenty. 
Bast, part. (In corap.) Bound, shut. 
Bust, s. A rose-bower or a place 
abounding with sweet smelling fruits. 

ti~j Basta, s. m. p. The cloth in 
which a bundle is tied up ; a bundle. 

^jjli-o Bustan, s. m. p. A flower- 
garden. See Bostan. 

j^li-j Bustani, a. p. Of the flow- 
j^ Bistar, *. m. p. Bedding, 
carpeting ; a bed. 

^y^. Bastard, s. m. u. A plant 
(Callicarpa Americana). 

i^i~j Bistard, s. m. p. A bed, &c. 
peculiar to faqirs ; a faqir's abode. 

1^/^ Basta-gi, s.f, v. Binding, 
contraction, constipation. 

t5^ Bastani, s. f. p. A cloth 
for tying up bundles of paper, books, 
inkstands, &c. 

**-*? Basta, part. pass. p. Bound, 
shut, closed, fastened, s. m. Cloth in 
which any thing is folded up, a bun- 
dle, parcel, &c. 

,^1-j Basti, s. f. s. An abode, 
' a village, peopled place. 
«w Bussad, s. m. a. Coral. 
IJt^ Ba-sar-aiia, v. n. v. s. To 

come to an end, to succeed, to over- 
come, to get away from. 
^j^j^ Ba-sar karna 1 v. a. v. s. 
Glarii^^ Ba-sar lejana, J To bring 

to an end, finish, accomplish, spend, 

pass, outstrip. 
G^_^~j Ba-sar bona, v. n. p. s. To 

be finished, ended, &c. v. s. 
ii-j Bast, s. m. a. Diffusiveness ; 

spreading or extending out. 
^Lft-j Bisfaij, or Basfayaj, *. m. 

A. A medicinal root, polypody. 

Lr^u*^ Bis-khapra, s. m. s. A me- 
dicinal plant (Trianthema pentandra). 

|^^4^(j>»j Bis-khopra, s. m. s. A 
kind of lizard, about a yard lone, and 
said to be venomous (Lacerta in- 

U-»j Basma, s. m. a. Staining (the 
beard) ; women staining the legs. 

(JUh Bisrail, a. a. Sacrificed, s. 
An animal sacrificed. Bismil karnd. 
To sacrifice. Bismil-gdh, s.f. Place 
of sacrifice. 

iUi*-^ Bism-illah, a. In the name 
of God or Bism-illdh irrahman irra- 
Mm, In the name of the most merci- 
ful God (An invocation used by Mu- 
salmans at the beginning of every 
work or action). Bism-illdh karnd, 
To begin, to commence. Bism-illdh 
hud. Said of a child just beginning 
to learn to read. 

j^jU-^J Bismili, s. m. f. a. Any- 
thing sacrificed, a sacrifice. 

,_^<tt«o Basma-posh, a. p. see 

lA-d Basna, v. n. s. To dwell, 
abide ; to be peopled. 

ty^. Biswa, s, m. s. see Xy-». 


( 73 ) 

u^k J L^ Bas-o-bas, s. m. s. 

Home, residence, country. 

J/^ Basula, s. m. h. A carpen- 
ter's axe ; an adze. 

^J^ Basiili, *. /. H. An instru- 
ment for cutting bricks. 

h^ Bisvva, s. m. s. The twentieth 
part (particularly of a Bigha). 

^t~j Bis'ha, a. s. Venomous. 
jljj~j Bisyar, a. p. Many, much, 
very abundant. 

isM^ Bisyari, s. f. p. Abundance. 

I^i—j Basera, s. m, s. A bird^s 
roost, a bird remaining on its roost. 
B. karnd. To roost. 

.tjj«««j Basit, a. A. Simple, uncom- 
pounded, elementary. [ings. 

o;l.ij Basharat, s. f. a. Glad tid- 

^J,\^ Bashshash, a. superl. a- 
In good spirits, pleased, delighted, 

«i..Alikj Bashshashatj*./. a. Cheer- 
fulness, alacrity. 
j^. Bashar, s. m. a. Man, man- 
kind, a human being, mortals. 

A5a.ty.ij Ba-sharti-ki, v. On con- 
dition that, provided that. 

*j^, Bashara, s. m. a. The coun- 

iSj^. Bashri, a. a. Human, re- 
lating to man. 

c>j^ Bashriyat, s. f, a. Huma- 
nity, human nature. 

^■i^ Bashir, s. m. a. A messen- 
ger of good news. 

ojtaj Basarat, s. f. a. Sight, 
seeing, perceiving. 

j^i Basar, s. m. a. Seeing, dis_ 
cerning, vision, sight, understand- 
ing, knowledge. 

J-^ Basal, s.f. a. An onion. 

jt'<^. Basir, part. act. a. Seeing. 
(Met.) Blind. 

o^x^ Basirat, *. /. a. Sight, 

circumspection, prudence. 
iz^tloi Bizaat, s. f. a. Capital ; 

stock in trade, 
fcj Bat, s. f .A. A goose, a duck. 
^^■> Batakh, s. a. see Batak. 
«-i/J3J Ba-taraf, p. a. Aside, apart. 
(3i;iaj Ba-tariq, p. a. By the way. 
^i^ Batak, s.f. a. v. A duck ; a 

vessel formed in imitation of a duck. 

cUaj Batl, s. m. a. Rendering vain, 
abortive or of no effect. 

i^^iat Butlan, s. f. a. Abortion, 
falseness, vanity. 

er^ Batn, s. m. a. The belly. 

cjy^ Batun, a. 1. *. m. Interior 
part. 2. Heart, mind. 3. «. Con- 

ir*^ Bittikh, s. m. a. A musk 

vi^ Baas, s. m. a.\. Excitement, 
motive, cause. 2. Resurrection. Baas^ 
o-nashr, s. m. The resurrection. 

«^ Baad, adv. a. After, after- 
wards, subsequent. Baud az an, After 

«>*j Buad, *. /. a. Distance. 

«»>*j Ba^da-hu, adv. a. After that 

or which, then, however. 

uoM Baaz, "1 c? 

77 • ' \a. A. Some, cer- 

^*QM Baaza, f . . 

\ tarn ones. 
^:?*j Baaze, -* 

»^*J Bii^lbak, n. prop. a. Bal- 
bek in Syria. 

vX>^*^ Biuilzabiib, s. m. a. Bel- 

•^i*J Baidj a. a. Far, distant, ab- 
sent, remote. 

*iji*j Bi-aini-hi, adv. a. Exactly. 

jl*j Bughar, ^ s. m. p. A breach 

»jl*J Bughara,J in a wall ; a 
deep wound. 


( 74 ) 


ojliJ Baghawat, s. f. a. Rebel- 

A**^ Baghcha, p. see Bagh-cha. 

loJu Bughda, s. m. p. A cleaver 
used by cooks or butchers ; a knife. 

4^>xij Bughdi, s. m. p. A kind of 
camel (of high price). 

\j*Ji. Bughra, s. m. p. Maccaroni. 

u^ Bughz, *. m. A. Spite, re- 
venge, malice, hatred. 

lUj Baghal, s. f. v. 1. The arm- 
pit. 2. Embrace. B. bajdnd, To be 
highly pleased, to be in triumph, to 
jeer, to jest. B. jdnd or B. hojdnd, 
To go out of the way. B. garm kar- 
nd. To embrace a woman. B. men 
dabdnd,To get possession of another's 
goods by fraud. B. men lend, To 
take in one's arms, to embrace. B. 
men mdmd, To conceal under one's 

UHii Baghlana, v. n. p. h. To 

make away, to get out of the way. 
•i^^ Baghal-band, s. m, p. A 

kind of robe tied under the arm-pits. 
*'lllr^ Baghal-parwarda, a. p. 

Brought up in the arms; a darling, 

or favourite child. 
oj^ Baghal-zan, a. p. Insulting, 

provoking, rejoicing at the misfortune 

of another. 
js,xi^ Baghal-gandh, *. p. h. 

Stinking armpits. 

_j^^. Baghal-gir, s. p. An em- 
bracer in the Hindi mode. 

(Sj*^ Baghal-giri, s. f. p. Em- 
bracing, &C. V. 6. 

^J^ Baghli, p. 1. a. Relating to 
the arm-pit. 2. *. /. A disorder in 
camels when they rub the thigh 
against the belly. 3. A purse. 4. A 
sort of dress, (see Baghal-band). 6. 
The action of a bird putting its head 
under its wing. Baghli-takiya, A 
bolster for the sides. 

^^, Baghi, a. a. Rebellious. » 
Li*J Baghiya, *. m. p. A small 

garden or orchard. 
ji*i Baghair, or Baghair-az, p. a. 
Without, except, besides. 

li; Bafa, s. f. p. A kind of scales 
or dandriflF formed on the head. 

l»J Baqa, s. f. a. Duration, per- 
manence, remaining, eternity, immor- 

J^. Baqqal, s. a. A grain - 
merchant, a shop-keeper. 

Ay*^ Buqcha, *. m. t. A small 

bundle of cloth. 
y>-i Baqar, s. m. a. A bull. 

i^j^ Baqar-id, s. a. A festival 
in commemoration of Abraham's of- 
fering to sacrifice his son Ismail (ac- 
cording to Muhammadans and not 

**5j Buqa, *. m. a. A house, a 

*iaj Baqla, *. a. A pot-herb. 

uWliiflj Baqlat-ul-hamqa, s. m. 
A. (The stupid herb) Purslain. 

I^j Baqam, s. /. a. Sappan wood, 
(Cesalpinia Sappan.) 

Jya. Buqiil, s. plur. of Ai*J, a. 

Aaaj Baqiya, s. m, a. Remainder, 

iSi Bak, s. m. s. See Bagla. 

^ Bak, s. f. s. Prattle, chat, 
foolish talk. Bak-lagni, Talkative- 
ness, garrulity. 

^ Buka, s. f. A. Weeping, la- 

e>j*^ Bakarat, s. f. a. Virginity. 

Ij^ Bikana, v. a. s. To sell. 

5^ Bikao, s. m. s. Sale, vent. 
Bikdu, a. Saleable, for sale. 

Jj*^ Bakawal, s. in. p. A cup- 
bearer, a steward; a head-cook, a 
superintendant of the kitchen. 



( 75 ) 


^jjjl<j Bakavvaliu, «./. p. A female 

i^^, Bakayan, s.f. h. The name 
of a tree (Melia sempervirens). 

tsijvjsb Bak-bak, s. f. Prattle, 
foolish talk. B. karnd, See Bakbak- 

IJl^AXj Bakbakana, v. n. s. To prat- 
tle, chatter, gabble. 
j^. Baktar, s. m. p. Iron armour, 
a coat of mail, a cuirass. Baktar'posh, 
A man in armour. 

iSj^. Baktari, s. m. p. An ar- 
mourer, one who makes coats of mail. 

,j^. Bakchi, s.f. s. The name of 
a plant the seed of which is used to 
cure the itch (Conyza or Serratula 

yj Bikr, s. f. A. Virginity. B. 

tornd, To deflower. 
]j^ Bakra, s. m. s. A he-goat. 
iSj^. Bakri, *. /. s. A she-goat j 

a goat (generally). 
iSj^ Bikri, s. f. s. Sale, vent. 
fj-JJ Baksua, s. m. h. The 

tongue of a buckle, 
er^ Bu-kush, p. {Imper. of 

Kushtan), Kill, slay. 
cUj Bakul, s. m. s. A tree (Mi- 

musops elengi). 
^^j Bukm, a. a. Dumb. 
I^^J Bakna, v. n. s. To prate, to 


^*o Bikna, v. n. s. To be sold, 
to sell. 

C)^j^. Bak-wad, "^ s. f. s. Prattle, 
4_r!y^ Bak-vvas^j idle talk. 
•jkiy^ Bak-waha, s. m. -wahi, s, f. 

s. A chatterer, idle talker. 
A^ Bikh, s. m. s. Poison, venom. 
ljk«^ Bakhiya, s. m. p. see *i^. 
^^J^ Bakhiyana, v. a. P. H. To 

stitch, to quilt. 

L 2 

\j^. Bugara, s. m. p. see X;l*> . 

j^ Bigar, s. m. s. Violation, dif- 
ference, quarrelling. B. karnd. To 
quarrel, to forfeit friendship. B. ijar 
and, V. n. To be ready to quarrel. 

^j^> Bigarna, v. a. s. 1. To spoil, 
mar, damage. 2. To cause mis- 
understanding between friends. 

&jl^ Bigana, a. p. see ^^. 

2<^ Ba-gah, adv. p. In time, op- 
portunely, seasonably. 

&j,^i Bag-chhut, s. f. H. Gal- 
loping. B. daurnd. To gallop. 

lj>^ Bigarna, v. n. s. To be spoil- 
ed or damaged ; to fail of success, to 
quarrel, to be enraged. 

^ Bagla, or Bagula, *. m. s. 
Name of a bird ; a species of heron 
(Ardea torra and putea). 

4^«^J Baghi, s.f. II. A horse-fly. 

Jj^§^ BagheljOr BagheU, *. m. s. 
A tribe of Rajputs. 

Jj Bal, s. m. H. A coil, twist, 
convolution. B. dena. To twist. B. 
khdnd. To be twisted. 

^Bi'ldJ*- ^•'- ^*'"^^- 

^> Bala, s. f. A. Calamity, mis- 
fortune, accident, vengeance. 

^ Balla, s. m. h. A pole or boat- 

^ Billa, *. m. s. A male-cat. 
Build, s. m. A bubble. 

^ Billa, prep. a. Without. 

[is^^ Bula-bhejna, v. a. h. To 
send for. 

^^ Bilad, s. plur. of >^, a. 
Countries, cities. 

l^ Balld, a. superl. a. A glut- 

o^i)lJ Balaghat, .<?./. a. 1. Elo- 
quence. 2. Maturity. 

«3^ Bulaq, s. m. u. An ornament 
worn on the nose. 


( 76 ) 


^JJii Bala-kash, a. p. Afflicted, 

t^^j>Jl3L Bala-gardan, *. w. a. p. 
What averts evil, expiation, sacri- 
fice, fmon. 

Ijililf Bula-lana, v. a. h. To sum- 

i-*i-flj^ Bala-nasib, or Bi-la-nasib, 
A. Unfortunate. 

li^ Bulana, v. a. h. To call. 

«ijiL» Biland, *./. h. A span 

jilj Bilao, s. m. s. A cat. 

*2*a31) Bulahat, s.f.H. Calling, a 

^J^ Bil^, s. f. s. 1. A she-cat. 
2. A grater for scraping pompions, 

UjJ^^* 3b Balaen lena, a. s. To 
draw the hands over the head of an- 
other in token of taking all his mis- 
fortunes upon one's self (generally 
practised by women). 

•-Jb Ba-lab, p. In or on the lip. 

cUij Bulbul, s.f.p, 1 . A night- 
ingale. 2. (In India) A shrike (La- 
nius boulboul). 

^ Bulbula, s. m. s. A bubble. 

uauij Balbalana, v. n. h. 1. To 
ferment (as sour milk, curds, &c.) 
2. To be inflamed with lust. 3. To 
make a noise (a camel) in rutting. 
Bilbildnd, To be restless, to be tor- 
mented with pain, to complain from 
pain or grief, to lament. 

jfiij Baltar, s. m. s. The male palm 
or toddy tree (Borassus flabellifor- 

^ Balad,* «. a. A city, town, 

y«>^ Bal-dar, a. h. p. Crooked, 

twisted, coiled, convoluted. 

««>Jj Balda, *. m. a. A city, a 

lyLJj Balsan, s. m. a. Balsam. 

^. Bilisht, *. /. p. A span. 

/*«ij Balgham, s. m. a. Phlegm: 

a catarrh or running from the nose 

from cold. 
,_j4J«ij Balghami, a, a. Phlegma- 
" tick. 

Ia^ Bilakna, v. n. n. To sob. 
*i^ Balki, adv. a. Moreover, but, 

^J Ballam, s. m. h. A spear. JB.- 

barddr, A spear-man. 
•>jJj Buland, a. p. High, elevated, 

exalted, sublime, tall. 
<JL)ljo>Jij Buland-paya, a. p. Of 

high rank. 
ALc^a.6Alj Buland-hausila,"^ 
^^ aUj Buland-nazar, fa. p. 

cu^ ^ Buland-himmat, J 

Ambitious, aspiring. 
iS'^k Bulandi, s. f. p. Height, 

elevation, exaltation. 
(J^. Bilni, s. f. H. A stye or 

'^J Bahva, s. m. h. A tumult, 

riot, sedition, mutiny, alarm. 
!^ Balua, a. s. Sandy. 
IJ'^ Bulwana, v. a. h. To cause 

to call or send for. 
jjJj Billaur, *. m. p. A kind of 

stone ; crystal ; glass. 
(S)^. Billauri, a. v. Made of glass 

or crystal. 

i:y.)j^. Billaurm, or Bilorin, a. p. 

V. s. 
1=^ Balut, or Ballut, s. m. a. An 

acorn, an oak, a chestnut tree. 

£^^ Bulugh, 5. m. "(A. Puber- 

vi-j^< Bulughat, 5./.J ty. 

V^ Baliila, s. m. s. A bubble. 

'j^j Bilona, v. a. h. To churn. 

&ij Balah, a. a. Weak, silly, sim- 
ple, ignorant, unskilful. 

•^*ii Bila-band, *. m. h. Settle- 
ment, regulation. 


( n ) 


^^. Balhi, s.f. H. k faggot. 

j^Aj Balli, *. /. H. A prop, a pole, 
a long pole or bamboo to steer or 
move a boat with. B. mdrnd, To 
steer. Billij the bolt of a door, a 

^J^. Billi, s. f. s. A she-cat. 

Jj Bale, adv. p. Yes, true, so, 
well, right. 

UJUb Balaiya-lena, a. s. See 
Balaen lena. 

•H^ Balid, a. a. Stupid, a dunce, 
a simpleton. 

^ Balfgh, a. a. Eloquent. 

e^jM^ Billl-lotan, s. m. s. Vale- 

*1>Aj Balela, *. m. p. A fruit, the 
fielleric myrobalan. 

^ Bam, s. f. a. p, 1 . The bass 
part in musick. 2. A bass or lowest 
string or drum having the deepest 
note. 3. Deep sound (as that of the 
large pipes of an organ or of a drum. 

f^i Bam, s. f. H. A fathom ; a 
measuring rod ; a spring. 

i>;ac^ Ba-mujarrad, adv. p. a. 

***^ Ba-maah, adv. p. a. Toge- 
ther with, along with. 

Jj^ Bamil, «. m. h. The name of 
a grass. 

tH Bn, or Bin, contract, for Ibn, 
s. m. A. A son. 

e^j Bun, s. m. a. Coffee before 
it is ground, (when ground it is call- 
ed Qahwa). 

tH Bun, s. f. p. Basis, root, 

tifj Bin, "^ arfv. s. Without, ex- 

Uj Bina,j cept, unless. 

tij Bin^, s. f. a. Building, foun- 

Iw Bana, h. 1. *. m. A bride- 
groom. 2. part. Having made, &c. 

lij Banna, v. n. u. 1. To be made 
or prepared. 2. To chime, agree, 
fall in with, do, answer, serve ; to be, 
become ; to avail ; to counterfeit ; to 
succeed. 3. s. m, A bridegroom. Band 
bandyd. Finished, complete. Band 
chund, Dressed, decked out. Band 
thannd, To be adorned or prepared. 
Band rahnd, 'I'o remain waiting. 

lij Banna, s, m. a. A mason, a 
builder. [intertwine. 

lij Bunna, v. a. u. To weave, to 

Uj Binna, h. 1 v. a. To weave, to 

knit. 2. V. n. To be picked. 
^Iaj Bina-bar, p. On the founda- 
tion, on account, therefore. 

e»ljj Banat, *. /. h. Woollen or 

oLu Banat, s. f. plur. of *^ a. 

^xJJlolJj Banat-un-naash, s. m. 
A. The constellation of the Great 
Bear ; four of the stars are conceived 
to represent a bier (naash) and the 
remaining three to be the daughters 
(banat) preceding it. 

t^SUj Banati, a. h. Woollen. 

;>>lw Banadir, s. plur. ofj<^. p. a. 
Ports, harbours. 

^j^Uj Bin^-gosh, s. n. v. The 
lobe of the ear, the tips of the ear. 

Ijlij Banana, v. a. ii. To make, 
prepare, do, fabricate, build, com- 
pose, perform ; to make to agree, ad- 
just, reconcile ; to pluck (a fowl), to 
dress (victuals), to mend, rectify, to 
invent, feign, mock. 

IJTi:;J Ban-ana, v. n. h. s. To suc- 
ceed (in life), to be fortunate, to pros- 

jlij Banao, s. m. h. 1. Prepara- 
tion, dressing. 2. Concord, under- 
standing. 3. See Banawat. 


( 78 ) 


e»>Uj Banawat, *./. n. Make, in- 
vention, contrivance, a made-up story. 

«S»>^ Binawat, *./. h. Weaving. 

(jU.IjLu Banaydjana, v. n. ii. s. 
To be making, to be in hand. 

txw Bambd, s. m. h. A well ; a 
jet d'eau, the spout of a fountain. 

lIjL#j^^ Ban-bhanta, *. m. s. Wild 
egg-plant (Baingan) Solanum me- 

li^ViH Ban-parna, v. n. h. To suc- 
ceed, answer, suit. 

Banat, *. /. h. Lace, a riband 
studded with spangles. 
»-» Bint,* s. f. A. A daughter. 

*ij Bint-ul-inab, a. Daugh- 
ter of the grape ; wine. 

i^[yi:ri Ban-tarai, s.f. s. A name 
of a plant (Lufia). 

bllJj Bantana, v. a. s. To share, 

Gt^il; Ban^wana, v. a. s. To dis- 
tribute, to cause to be shared. 

jpV Banj, s. f. A. Henbane. 

i^lsrV Banjara, s. m. s. A grain- 

iSj^- Banjari, s. 1. *. /. A kind 
of tent used by Banjaras. 2. Half- 
boiled (grain). 

j^. Banjar, *. /. s. Waste land . 

«>j-i Band, s. m. f. p. A fastening, 
knot, bond ; imprisonment ; a band- 
age, belt, roll, string ; a joint, knuckle. 
a. Fastened, bound ; shut, stopped. 
(In compos.) ^arf. act. Binding. Band 
bdndhnd. To restrain an inundation 
with dykes. Band band pakarnd, 
To seize (as rheumatism) all one's 
joints. B. baithnd. To succeed in an 
affair. B. pakarnd. To object to the 
arguments of an opponent. B. raknd. 
To be engaged in a business. B. 
kamd. To fasten, bind, close, shut, 
stop, prevent. B. men dnd, or parnd, 
To become a captive. 

I«xij Banda, *. m. s. Mistletoe 
(Epidendron tesseloides). 

\<^. Banda, s. m. p. A slave. 

4jU.Aij Band-khana, s. m. p. A 

j<^ Bandar, *. m. s. A monkey. 

j<^ij Bandar, s. m. p. A city, an 
emporium, a port, harbour, a trading 
town to which numerous foreign 
merchants resort. 

ti-ji^ij Bandri, s. f. s. A female 

iSj<^^. Bandari, s.f. a. I. A sort of 
chintz from Masulipatam. 2. A 
sword from Rajbandri. 3. Name of 
a grass. 

kjC^, Bandariya, s. f. s. A she- 

ij"^. Bandish, s. f. p. 1. The 
act or state of tying, binding. 2. 
Construction, invention, contrivance, 
preparing a false story, making up 
a false account of a transaction. 3. 
Elegance of style. Bandish bdndhnd. 
To contrive. 

liLii'iiij Bind-kushad, s. m. h. p. 
Semen cite emittens morbo affectus. 

^y!f,iij Banda-gan, s.plur. ofSii'J^ ? 
p. Slaves, servants. 

^J<^ Banda-gi, *. /. p. Slavery, 
service, devotion, compliment. B. 
men khuddi kamd. To affect autho- 
rity while in servitude. 

!>i^ Bandua, s. m. p. A prison- 
er, a captive. 

*^:*-^<^ Band-o-bast, s. m. p. 
Settlement, regulation, disposition, 
arrangement, economy, management, 

<.5JHL5«^^ Band-o-basti, s. f. p. 
Arrangement, economy. 

(3j«xx» Bandiiq, s. f. t. A gun, a 

^jx>jc>xi Banduq-chi^ s. m. t. A 


( 79 ) 


lAjoJkj Banduha, s. m. h. A whirl- 

««i>ij Banda^ s. m. p. A slave, a 

IJlAiXu Bandhana, v. a. s. To bind, 
fasten, shut. 

^jjlAj-ij Bandhai, s. f. s. Bond, 
binding, fastening. 

j^ js«>ij Banda-panvar, s. p. Che- 
risher of servants (a title of respect 
like * your honour')- 

a(^i jSixij Banda-i-dargah, *. p. 
The slave of your threshold. 

jjil^g<ijj Banda-zada, s. p. Son of 
your slave (i. e. my son). 

Lufc^Aj Bandhna, v. n. s. To be 
tied, fastened, bound, kept, enclosed, 
laid, formed, composed, concealed. 

\sA,6i» Bindhna, v. n. s. To be 
bored or pierced, v. a. To sting, to 

3|y2fj.ij Banda-nawaz, p. Cherisher 
of servants or dependents, patron. 

iS^^^. Bandi, p. (In comp.) Bind- 
ing, tying.*./. Slave, servant. Bandi- 
khdna, s. A prison. 

^.■^i^ Bandela, *. m. s. A native 

of Bandelkhand. 
(j»ij Bans, 8. m. s. A bamboo. 
^-JJ Bansi, s. f. s. 1. A flute. 

2. A fishing- hook. 
*^->j Banafsha, s. f. p. A violet. 
•-^ Bang, *./. p. 1. Hemp (Cana- 

bis sativa). 2. An intoxicating potion 

made from the leaves of hemp. 
i)^ Bangala, n. prop. s. Bengal. 
i^ Bungah, s. f. p. Baggage, 

equipage of an army. 

iSj^. Bangri, s. f. h. An orna- 
ment worn on the wrists, a bangle. 

^^. Bangla, s. m. ii. 1. A Bun- 
galow (a thatched house). 2. A sort 
of betel-leaf or p4n so called. 

^^ Bangi, s. f. u. A humming 

fj^. Bangi, s. m. p. One who in- 
toxicates himself with bang. 

^'^jj Banwai, s. f. h. Price paid 
for making anything. Binwdi, Price 
paid for weaving. 

'^yi Binaula, s. m. h. The seed 
of the cotton tree (said to be very 
fattening food for cattle). B. chdb- 
nd. To say unpleasant things. 

^J^. Binauli, s. /. h. Hail (of a 

small kind). 

^>jj Banwaiya, s.m. h. Maker, 
l^jj Banha, s. »w. h. A conjurer. 
,J^. Banhai, s. /. h. A female 

conjurer, an enchantress. 

t5^ Bam, s.f. H. A bride, 
^j Bani, s. m. plur. of e^i a. 

Lxi) Banya, s. m. s. A shop-keep- 
er, merchant, corn-chandler. 

.jljjj Bunyad, s. f. v. Foundation, 
basis, origin. 

C^'^J^. Bani-A^dam, a. Sons of 
A'dam, men. 

<JiLr*»lt5^ Bani-Israil, a. Chil- 
dren of Israel, Israelites. 

luliij Bunyan, s. f. p. Foundation. 
e^'j^ Banyayan,"! *. /. s. Wife 
^5^^ Banaini, J of a Banya, 

(shopkeeper) q. v. 
vy'e'ty^ Bani-jan, a. Genii, fairies. 
y. Bvi, (for i^bu) a. Father ; pos- 
sessed of, endowed with. 
y. Bii, or Bo, *./. p. Smell, odour, 

Bu-kashi, s.f. Taking a smell. 
ji Bavv, a. 7n.'] 

!;!>> Boara, s. m. h. Seed time. 
j^^y Bawasir, *. m. plur. of jii^ji 
A. The piles or hoemorrhoids. 

( 80 ) 


V^!>^ Bu-1-ajab, a. a. Won- 

j^^fliji^ Bu-1-fuzul, a. A. Exces- 
eive talker. 

u*^!>^ Bu-1-hawas, a. a. 1. De- 
sirous. 2. Whimsical, capricious ; 
a wavering fickle person, a block- 

lity? Boaiia, V. a. s. h. To cause 
to sow. 2. p. n. p. H. To stink, to 
emit a smell. 

\A\yi Bawaha, a. h. Pocky, affect- 
ed with Lues Venerea. [time. 

^J\yi Boai, s. f. s. Sowing ; seed- 

Ijy Bota, s. m. v. A young camel. 

oGy Butat, s. m. a. Account of 
household expense. 

i^^y. Biitati, a. a. Relating to 
household expense. 

«J^ Buta, s. m, p. A crucible, a 
melting pot. 

jUjJ^ Butimar, s. v. A heron. 

■s»y, Butj 5. m. H. A kind of pulse, 
chick-pea (Cicer arietinum). 

CjJ Buta, *. w. H. A flower work- 
ed in cloth or painted on paper. 
Bute-ddr, Flowered (cloth, &c.) 

^)j Buti, *. /. H. Flowers or 
sprigs on muslin. 

*a>y Bojh, s. m. H. A load. B. 
pakarnd. To aflfect consequence or to 
give one's self airs (generally spoken 
in raillery). B. sir par hond, A task 
the performance of which is indis- 

^^H*'^ Bujh-ke, part. o/Bujhna, 
H. Knowingly, wittingly. 

d^ji Bu-jahl, A. 1. n. prop, see 
Ab(i-jahl. 2. a. Foolish. 

ih^y Bojhal, a. h. Loaded. 

^H^y Bujhna, v. a. s. To under- 
stand, comprehend, think. Bujh- 
lend (at cards). To settle the account 
of gain and loss. 

U^a-y Bojhna, v. «. h. 1. To 

load. 2. To parch rice. 
jl^y Bauchhar, 5. /. h. Driving 

rain, wind and rain. 
iy. Bud, s. f. P. Being, existence. 
j^:y Bo-dar, p. I. a. Scented. 

2. s. m. A kind of leather. 
J.k^y Bud-bash, •] s. f. p. Ex- 
i^^s^y Bud-o-bash,J istence, 

subsistence, residence, abode. 
jy Bur, a. h. Barren s. f. Chaff, 


^jy Bura, s. m.H. Coarse sugar ; 

saw dust ; powder. 
l)y Bora, s. m. u. 1. A canvass 

bag, a sack. 2. A kind of bean 

(Dolichos catsang). 
f^^jy Burani, s. f. a. A kind of 

dish consisting of the fruit of the 

egg-plant (baingan) fried in sour 

milk. [Borax. 

6Jl>J Buraq, or Bauraq, s. m. a. 
kjy^. Boriya, s. m. p. A mat. 
lAjy Burha, a. s. Old ; an old 


'^y Boz, s. m. p. A cream-colour- 
ed horse ; a white horse tinged with 
red or brown. 

ijy Boza, s. m. p. Beer. 
^'^jy. Boza-gar, s. m, p. A brewer. 
tir/tjy Boza-gari, s. f. p. Brew- 

^jy Bozna, "1 5. m. v. Amon- 

''^'jy. Boznma,/ key. 

^jy Boza, s. m. p. A bird (Ibis 
denudata?) Buza,s. m. Beer. 

^jy Buzina, s. m. p. A monkey. 

u'y Bos, part. act. p. (In comp.) 

cjli-^ Bostan, s. m. p. A flower- 

j^JLry Bos-o-kinar, s. m. p. 
Kissing and toying, dalliance. 

( 81 ) 

*^^ Bosa, s. m. p. A kiss. B.- 
hdzi, s.f. Kissing and toying. 

^Jchx^ji Bosidagi, S. f. P. Rot- 
tenness, corruption. 

j(j>xm)^j Bosida, part. pass. p. Rot- 
ten, stale. 

LvJu« ^J^^J■>. Bu-ali-sina, n. prop. a. 

<i,iai^ Bogh-band, s. m. p. The 
clotli in which anything (particular- 
ly a saddle) is wrapped up. 

t^i^j Boghra, s. m. v. A dish 
made of boiled meat, flour, &c. B. 
nikalnd, To be well-beaten. 

U.c^j Boghma, p. l.s.w. Trum- 
pery, trifles, scraps, rags, &c. the 
stores of a wallet. 2. a.f. Ugly and 
fat (a woman). 

Cj-! Buq, s. m. a. A trumpet^ a 

cJ^^lJi^j Buqalamun, a. \. s. m. 
A camelion ; hence, anything of 
various hues. 2. a. Various, varie- 
gated, changeable. 

*J»y Boqla, s. m. a. Pot-herb. 
If^ Biika, s. m. H. 1. Powder. 

2. Small pearls. 
^y. Bukna, v. a. h. To powder, 

to grind. 
Jy. Bolj s. m.. s. Myrrh. 
J^J Bol, s. in. H. Word, speech, 

talk. Bol-chdl, or Bold-chdli, s. f. 


J^J Baul, s. m. a. Urine. 

"^y. Baula, a. h. Toothless. 

LU^ Bohid, V. n. H. To speak, to 

tell, to say ; to sound, to emit sound. 

Bolnd-chdlnd, To converse. 
ij^y Boll, S.f. H. Speech, dialect, 

language ; conversation, talk. B. 

karnd. To jeer, to jest. B.-iholi, 

Cy. Bum, s. m. v. 1. An owl. 2. 

Land, ground. 

<jjj Bona, V. a. s. To sow. 

^ji Bauna, s. \. a. Dwarfish. 2. 
5. m. A dwarf. 

oo^f Bont, s. m. h. A stalk. 

*2J^J Bunt, 5. m. H. 1. A kind of 
pulse when green (Cicer arietinum) ; 
also the plant producing it. 2. a. 
Little, compact, firm. 

^w^j Bunta, s. m. h. see Biita. 

•^j^j Bund, 5. /. s. A drop. B. 
hi bund, Rectified, twice-distilled. 

\'^y. Biinda, 5. m. s. A large drop. 
B. bdndi, Small and interrupted drop- 
ping of rain. 

iS'^y. Bundi, s.f. s. I. Drops of 
rain. 2. Name of a place, 

Jiji Bauni, s. f. s. A female 

^Jy. Boni, s. f. s. The season of 

L*>j Bail ha, a. h. Pocky. 

i_jjIa.j Bauhai, s.f. h. A woman 
having the venereal disease. 

«j Ba, j9rej9. p. By, with, in, to. 

-xj Bih, p. 1. a. Good, better. 2. s. 
A quince. 

«j Bihi, or Bih, a. With it, by it. 

l^ Baha, s. m. p. Price, value. 

^_^*i>^^ Bhabhi, s.f. s. A brother's 
wife, sister-in-law. 

*#jLsj Bhaph, *. /. s. Steam, va- 

lj^4jl.^ Baha-phirna, V. n. s. h. 
To wander, to be in a distressed con- 
dition, to be intoxicated. 

Uj^ l^) Baha-dena, v. a. s. To de- 
molish, destroy, ruin, impoverish. 

IJ^J^J Bhaplina, v. a. h. To con- 
ceive, guess, comprehend. 

0I4J Bhat, *. m. s. Boiled rice. 

IjI-*^ Bhat^, s. m. a. An extra al- 
lowance to troops on service, batta. 

InpLfrj Bhathd, s. m. h. A current 
or stream ; the ebb-tide. 

( 82 


^J%^^ Bh^thi, s.f. 8. Bellows. 
^*Wj Bh^^hi, s.f. "1 H. Down 
JU4J ^j Bh^thiydl,*. m. J the 

river, with the current, 
li*.^ Bh^jnd, r. a. s. To fry. 
j^Lfr? Bhdji, *. /. 8. Greens. 
^^«J Bhaji, s. f. s. A portion or 

share of food. 
j^l^ Bahadur, p. 1. a. Brave, 

bold, valiant, courageous. 2. s. m. 

A hero, champion, knight. 

ijji^. Bahaduri, s.f. p. Brave- 
ry, heroism. 
ujc)^ Bhadon, *. m. s. Name of 

the fifth Hindu solar month (from 

the 10th of August to the 10th o^ 

jl^ Bahar, «. /. p. Spring, prime; 

bloom, beauty, elegance ; delight, 

jjlfj Bihar, n. prop. 11. Name of a 

province (Bahar). 
jtjj Bh^r, "^s. m. s. A load, 
|;J*J Bhdrd,/ burthen ; weight, 

{V^j^ Bahardn, *. p. The spring. 
e^LL-jl^ Bahar-istdn, s. tn. p. A 

place adorned with the bloom of 

^j^ Buharnd, v. a. h. To sweep, 

to gather. 

iSjh^. Bhari, a. s. Heavy, weigh- 
ty; of importance, valuable; big, 
great, fat, large ; grave, steady, pati- 
ent ; strong, thick; troublesome. 
Bhdri patthar chumkar ckhornd, To 
withdraw from a difficult or imprac- 
ticable undertaking. 

iS)\i Bahari, a. p. Vernal, of the 

jki Bhar, s. m. h. The price of 

jki Bl)ar, s. m. s. A furnace, kiln, 
(particularly for drying grain). 

IjUj Bhara, *. m. h. Hire. 
j^^^ Bhasur, *. m. s. A husband's 

elder brother. ^ 

Lil«j Bhasha, s. f. s. Speech, 

f^k^ Bhaksi, s. f. s. see Biiar, 

8. — 

•-^l«j Bhag, s.m. s. Fortune, des- 
k-^Lfj Bhag, s. m. s. 1. Share, 
portion, quarter, lot. 2. Chance, 
venture, destiny. 
(Jl^jlfl^j Bhaga-bhSg, s. m. h. 

Flight, running away. 
IJIa.u?1^j Bhag-jana, v. n. h. To 

run away, to flee. 
3^1«J Bhagar, s. f. h. Flight, a 

general emigration, escape. 
U^l*' Bhagna, v. n. h. To flee, to 

run away. 
^J^M Bhagi, s. 1.*. m. A partner, 
sharer, participator. 2. a. Fortunate. 
Jl«J Bhal, ;?. 7n. s. A bear. 
J/t^J Bhala, *. w. s. A spear (about 

seven cubits long). 
^l«J Bhaluk,-! 

yi«^ Bhalu, J'' '^' «• ^ ^^^'' 
iJJ'-gj Bhalna, v. a. h. To see. 
^^^ Bhalait, s. m. s. A spear- 
ljf«j Bhana, v. n. h. To suit, fit, 

be approved of. 
^^> Bahana, v. a. s. To make to 

flow, set afloat, launch, swim away, 
l^l^ Bhanta, s. m. s. The egg 

plant or Baingan, q. v. 
^il«j Bhanj, 5. m. s. Twist, twist- 

^k^. Bhdnja, s. m. s. A sister's 

l^W* Bhanjna, v. a. s. To put 
into circular motion, to twist, to turn 
on a lathe, to wave, to brandish. 

( 83 ) 

j^lf? Bhinji, s. f. s. A sister^s 

<^W? Bhdnji, *. /. H. 1. Inter- 

" ruption, hindrance. 2. Tale-bearing. 
B. khor, s. m. An interrupter, a tale- 
bearer. B. khdnd, v. a. To give malici- 
ous intelligence. J3. dend, or B. mdr- 
nd, V. a. To internipt, to put a stop to, 
to break in upon. 

Jjl^ Bhang, s. f. s. see •-^ p. 

UJI4J Bhanna, v. a, h. see Bhdnj- 

jyl^ Bhanwar, ~\s. f. s. Revo- 

c5jyWj Bhanwri,/ lution, cir- 

" culation. B. phirnd, To circle. 

*Jtjj Bahana, s. m. p. Pretence, 
evasion, contrivance, excuse, pretext. 

jUj Bhao, *. m. h. Price, rate, 
jl^j Bahao, s. m. s. A flood, flood- 

2jl«j Bhdwaj, *./, s. A brother's 

»}l«j Bhawa, s. f. s. A younger 
brother's wife. 

trij'*^ Bhdwen, joos/;?. w. s. In the 
consideration, thought or idea. 

^J^M Bhai, *. in. s. Brother. 

Jjo^l^ Bhai-band, «. m. s. Bro- 
thers, relations, friends. 

\j\:^J>\^_ Bhai-chara, *. m. s. ^ 

iS^4\J^. Bhai-chdri, s. f. s.J 
lirotherhood, fraternity ; the relation- 
ship of brothers. 

j>jA^ Bih-bud, 1 s. f. p. Health, 

c^jij-ht? Bih-budi, J vigour, good- 
ness, welfare. 

«ii«^ Bhabhak, s.f. h. 1. Sudden 
bursting forth of flame. 2. Forcible 
expulsion of water from a fountain 
or pipe. 3. Sudden smell. 

Iii«j.«j Bhabhaknd, v. n. h. To 
simmer, bubble, boil, emit steam. 

o^^k^J Bhabhut, s. /. s. Ashes of 

L 2 

l(y(fA«j Bhabhuka, h. \. s. m. 

Blaze, flame, explosion. 2. a. Red, 

splendid, beautiful. 
ijl^A^j Bhaphara, *. m. s. Steam, 

«^^ Bahut, a. s. Much, many. 

B. ydr hand. To become great friends, 
ti^ Bahta, part. act. s. Running 

e)\I^.j Bahutat, *. /. s. Excess, 


oU^ Buhtan, s. m. a. Calumny, 
false imputation. 

vi»jljy Bahutayat, *. /. s. Abun- 
dance, plenty, multitude, 
^i^ Bih-tar, a. compar. p. Good, 
excellent, well, better. 

(Sj^. Bih-tari, s. f. p. Goodness, 
superiority, excellence. 

e^t^ Bih-tar-in, a. super, p. 
Best, most excellent. 

^ Bahattar, a. s. Seventy-two. 

Lii«j Bhutna, s. Wi. s. An imp, a 

i^Hi Bhutni, s. f. s. A female 

i^i Bhatta, s. m. h. see Bhdti. 
Is-JH^ Bhatijd, s. m. s. Nephew, 

brother's son. 
fjsb^^ Bhatiji, s. f. s. A neice, 

brother's daughter. 
[^Jji^ Bahutera, a. s. Many, very 

Ih* Bhuttd, s. m. H. Indian corn 

(Zea mays). 
'^ Bha^ka, a. h. Astray. 
\Ml4j Bhatkdna, v. a. 11. To mis- 
lead, balk, deceive, scare, cause to 

^'tSTvSx^j Bhat-katdi, "^^Jf./.s.The 
UiS"*"^ Bhat-kataiyd,J name of a 

prickly plant (Solanum jacquini). 
liilfrj Bhataknd, v. n. h. To go 

( «4 ) 

astray, to wander, to miss the rif^lit 
path, to lose the way. 
Uhj Bhattha, *. m.'^s. A fur- 
fj^. Bhatthi, s. f.j nace, 

kiln, oven. 
IjU^I^ Bhathiyara, s. m. s. An 
inn-keeper, a sutler, one who prepares 
victuals for travellers in a Sara. 
«ilA.;U4J4j Bliathiyar-khana, s. m. 

8. p. An inn, caravanserai. 
ij^¥. Bhathiyal, h. 1. a. With 
the current, (i. e. down the river.) 
2. s. m. A kind of elegiac verses sung 
in praise of Hasan and Husain. 
IJ^i*^ Bhathiyana, v. n. h. To 

go down the river, to ebb. 
lilst^ Bah-jana, v. n. s. 1. To 
flow. 2. To go or swim with the 
stream. 3. To be ruined or destroy- 
Ulsr-eJ Bhijana, v. a. h. To cause 

to be wet, to moisten. 
vi«si-? Bahjat, s. /. a. Joy, plea- 
sure, gladness, cheerfulness, alacrity, 
beauty, grace, excellence. 
Lv^ Bhujna, *. m. s. Parched 

or scorched grain, 
^is:*^ Bhujanga, s. m. s. A kind 

of shrike (Lanius coerulescens). 
Gl^4^ Bhijwana, v. a. h. To 

cause to send. 
Ij«^ Bhujiya, *./. s. Greens, 
l-^ Bhu-champa, *. m. s. I. The 
name of a tree. 2. A firework like 
a champa flower. 
^^^ Bhuchang, s. m. s. see 

'J^'Hi Bhadak, s. h. A crash. 
jx^. Bahr, prej). p. For, on ac- 
count of. 
^ Bahar, s.f. a. A fleet. 
^. Bhar, a. s. Full, as much as, 
as far as, up to, whale, all, bulk, 
size, every, each. Bhar-tnaqdur, To 

the best of one's power. £ans- bhar. 

The height or length of a bambu. 

Ser bhar, a ser. Kos bhar, a kos ; 

(^Bhar kos means, a full kos.) 
1j^ Bharra, *. jn. h. A panick. 
Lr?J Bhara, a. s. Full. B. purd, 

filled, full, 
irfj Bahrd, a. a. Deaf. 
(•^ Bahrain, s. m. p. The planet 

tjfy^j Bhar-ana, v. a. s. To fill, to 

cause to fill ; to cover (a mare). 
*i^Lr*' Bharawat, s. f. s. Filling, 

IJ^^J Bhar-pana, v. a. s. 1. To 

be paid, to receive the full amount. 

2. (Met.) To be disappointed. 
0/«J Bhart, s. m. h. A mixed 

metal composed of copper and lead. 
o^^ Bhart, s. m. s. A bird (a 

kind of lark), a skylark, 
tslrw Bharti, s.f. s. Completion ; 
filling ; loading ; promotion. B. kar- 
nd. To recruit. 

^Wj-^> Bhar-jana, v. n. s. 1. To 

be filled. 2. To be lined (a bitch). 

3. To be broken-winded (a horse 

from severe exercise), 
JU.^^ Ba-har-hal, adv. p. a. By 

every means, somehow or other. 
^^Ir^ Bliar-dena, v. a. s. To pay, 

re-imburse, fill ; to darn. 

J^Mjt^. Ba-har-taur, a. p. a. see 

K;^. Bharka, s. m. h. Slaked 


^I(^ Bharkana, v. a. h. To slake 

^j^ Bahar-kaif, a. p. a. By any 

Ij^ Bharna, s. I. v. a. To fill; 
to satisfy, perform, abound ; to heal 
(a wound) ; to daub ; to undergo, to 
suflTer, 2. c. w. To be fiUed, &c. 


( 85 ) 

^Ij >-^^ Bhring-raj, s. in. s. 1. 
A kind of shrike (Lanius malabari- 
cus or ccerulescens). 2. A medicinal 
herb (Eclipta or Verbasina prostrata). 

^^j4i Bhringi, s. f. s. A kind of 
wasp (Vespa solitaria). 

^^J^. Bharni, s. f. s. Weft, woof. 

Uj^j Bharosa, s. m. s. Hope, de- 

fj^ Bahra. s. m. v. 1. Property, 
fortune. 2. Quota, share, portion. 
3. Profit, gain, advantage. 

liJuo ij^_ Bahra-mand, a. p. Bless- 
ed, prosperous; fortunate, profitable. 

^<3Juc)(^^ Bahra-mandi, s. f. p. 
Prosperity, happiness. 

jjSj^> Bahra-war, a. p. see Balira- 

^^jP, Bhari, s. f. s. The weight 
of one Sicca Rupee. 

t5^ Bahri, s. f. h. A falcon, a 

female hawk (Falco calidus). Bihri^ 
A subscription, an assessment, quota, 
sbarei Buhri, Fried or parched barley. 

(j;^j Bahuriya, s. f. s. A daughter- 

34J Bhar, s. m. h. A large boat, 
a lighter. 

<Dj4J Bharak, s. f. 11. 1. Splen- 
dour, blaze, flash, glare, show. 2. 
Perturbation, agitation, alarm, start- 
ing (in animals). 

lj«j*j Bharkana, v. a. h. 1. To 
frighten, scare, &c. 2. To blow up 
into a flame, to kindle (a fire). 

l^^j Bharakna, v. n. h. 1. To 
start, shrink, &c. 2. To be blown up 
into a flame, to blaze forth. 

«JiO*^ Bharkel, a. h. Shy, coy, 

wild, untamed. 
^^jp. Bharkila, a. h. Splendid, 

hjp. Bhania, s. m, h, A pimp. 

.i5>^ Bih-zad, n. prop. p. Name 

of Isfandiyar son of Gushtasp. 
(_»»«j Bhus, s. m. s. Bran, husk, 
chalF. Bhas, s. m. Ashes. 

Ul««^ Bhasana, v. a. s. To launch, 
to set afloat. 

li-.^j Bhasna, v. n. s. To float. 

t5J^4j Bhusaunda, s. m. a. A 
hole or place to put chaff in ; a large 
hole or receptacle. 

|^~4J Bhusera,~i s. m. s. A place 

^i*~^ Bhusela, J where corn or 
chaff is kept. 

*i-^t: Bihisht, s.f. p. Paradise. 

^i^^ Bihishti, p. \. a. Paradisia- 
cal, celestial. 2. *. m. A water-carrier. 

U*^^ Bahkana, v. a. h. To baulk, 
disappoint, mislead, deceive. 

li^j Bahakna, v. n. h. To be 
baulked, &c. ; to stray, to be intoxi- 

l^>^ Bhakosna, v. a. h. To 
devour, to stuff, to eat. 

i^jh^. Bhikhari, s. m. s. A beg- 

IJl^j Bhagana, v. a. h. To cause 
to flee or run away. Bhigdnd, v. a. 
H. To wet, moisten, steep. 

U^ Bhagal, s. m. h. Affectation, 
hypocricy, trick, deception. 

1-jJ'^ Bliagliya, s. in. h. Trick, 
cheat, imposture. 

'•^t5^ Bhagli-gahna, s. m. h. 
False jewels, trinkets. 

jji^ Bhagandar, s. m. s. A fis- 
tula in ano. 

^^J Bhaggu, n *. m. H. Adeser- 

ij^^j Bhagora, j ter, runaway. 

^j^. Bhigona, v. a. h. To wet, 
to steep. 

cIjAj Bhagel, h. 1. *. /. Over- 
throw, defeat. 2. s. m. See Bhaggu. 

0^. Bi-hil, imper. v. p. Let go, 
leave alone. 

( 86 ) 

dft Bahl, a. a. Little, easy. s. 

Malediction, curse. 

J^ Bhal, s. m. h. Side, direc- 
tion. Sir-ke-bhal, Head-foremost, 

^ Bliald, a.s. 1. Good, virtuous, 
kind ; healthy, sound. 2. Wonderful, 
comical. B. ddmi, A gentleman. 

KiA.Ji4j Bhald-changa, a. s. In 
{^ood order, in health, perfect. 

^il-^. Bhulana, v. a. s. To cause 
to forget. 2. To inveigle, mislead, 
deceive, fascinate, coax. 

Ij^ Bahlana, v. a. h. To divert, 
to amuse. 

1^^ Bhulawd, s. m. s. Deception, 
fraud, cheit, deceit, B. dend. To de- 
ceive, to play a trick. 

^J^. Bliala'i, s. /. s. Goodness, 
health, welfare. 

•a->^ Bhulasna, v. n. h. To be 
singed, scorched. 

^^. Bahalna, v. w. h. To be di- 
verted or amused. 

J>^J Bahlul, s. m. A. 1. A prince 

endowed with every virtue. 2. Name 
of a celebrated dervise. 3. A man 
much addicted to laughter. 

(*^. Baham, adv. p. Together, one 
with another, one against another. 
Baham-dnd, To be procured or ac- 
quired. B. pahunchdnd, v. a. To get, 
to acquire. B. pahunchnd, v. n. To 
be procured. 

iSj^'i*^. Bhambhen, s. f. h. A 

j^.i>(>^. Baham-digar,p. Together; 
one with another. 

^:^^ Bahman, *. p. The eleventh 
solar month when the sun is in Aqua- 
rius (January-February). 

ur^ Bahin, or Bahan, s. f. s. Sis- 

•J^ Bahna, v. n. s. 1. To flow, to 

glide. 2. To float. 3. To blow. 4. 
To pass. Bah-jdnd, To flow on, pass 

IJLx^ Bhinnana, v. n. h. 1. To have 
a singing in the ears, to be giddy. 2. 
To sound (as shot, &c.). Bhundnd, 
V. a. H. To exchange money. 

Ijlxgji^j Bhimbhinana, or Bham- 
bhanana, v. n. H. To buzz. 

^J^«^^ Bhambhorna, v. a. h. To 
bite and mumble (as a dog); to 

cii>i^HJ Bhamberi, s.f. h. A but- 

GisH^ Bhanjana,v. a. s. To change 

ijs^ Bhanjan, s. m. s. Breaking, 
destroying, demolishing, &c. 

i5^ Bhanda, s. m. s. A vessel, 

a large earthen pot. 
jliilgj Bhandar, *. m. s. A place 
where household goods are kept ; a • 

^j\cyHi Bhandari, s. m. s. A house 
steward, store-keeper, treasurer, pur- 

iJ'^^Mi Bhundli, s. f. s. A kind of 
worm covered with hair, a palmer 

(j-Slfrj Bhindi, s. f. h. The name 
of a vegetable (Hibiscus esculentus). 

*JLa.^5.i4j Bhinde-khana, s. m. 
H. p. The room appropriated to the 
apparatus of the Huqqa. 

^^i\ Bhandela, s. m. s. An ac- 

er^5J^ Bhandelan, s.f. s. An ac- 

Lw^ Bhansna, v. n. s. To float. 
liC^j Bhinakna, v. n. h. 1. To 

buzz. 2. To be covered with flies, to 

»-^ Bhang, s. f. s. Hemp. 
!>^ Bhangra, s. m. s. Name of 

( 87 ) 


an herb (Eclipta or Verbesina pros- 

^J^^ti Bahangi, s. f. s. A stick 
with ropes at each end for slinging 
baggage to, which is carried on the 

(c^«j Bhangi, s. m. s. A drinker 
of Bhang. 

J.hA»^ Bhangera, s. m. s. A sel- 
ler of Bhang. 

lAi4j Bhunna, v. n. s. To be parch- 
ed, grilled, fried, broiled. 

jy^ Bihnaur, s.f. h. A seed-plot. 

jy^. Bhanwar, s. m. s. A whirl- 
pool, eddy. 

jjiyi^j Bhanwar,") 5. m. s. 1. A 

^jjHi Bhanwra, J large black bee. 
2. A climbing plant or creeper. 

jly^i Bahuar, s. m. s. A fruit 
(Cordia myxa and latifolia). 

4^1^ Bhawani, s. f. s. A Hindu 
goddess, wife of Siva or Mahadeb. 

ci>^«j Bhut, s. m. s. 1. A demon, 
goblin. 2. The past tense. 3. An 
element. B. hand, v. n. To be dis- 
tracted with rage. 

^y^^ Bhiitni, s.f. s. A female 
demon or goblin 

^^j^. Bhauj 

j^ Bhor, *. /. H. Dawn of day. 

B. hond, to be finished, terminated. 
jj^. Bhur, s.f. H. Charity, alms. 
jj4i Bhur, s.f. H. Sandy ground 
a, 1 

ra? J 

iSj'^j^^ Bhospi, s.f. H. V. s. 
^s^J«'. Bhiisi, s.f. s. Chaff. 
*0-«^ Bhiikh, s. f s. Hunger. 
^j4i Bhiikha, a. s. Hungry, 
l^^^j Bhokhna, v. a. s. To bark. 
J^«j Bhul, s.f. s. Forgetfulness, 
an error, mistake, blunder. 

Js'-i^j^. Bhaujai, '\s. f. s. Bro- 
,j^j4^. Bhauji, J ther's wife. 

L-^j Bhosa, 1 s. m. h. Vulva 
1>*V^ Bhosra, J magna. 

3^^«J Bhola, a. h. Simple, artless, 

«43lJ^^j Bhola-ndth, n. prop. s. 

A name of Siva or Mahadeb. 
^j^ Bhulna, v. n. s. To forget, 

err, mistake, blunder, miss, omit, 

stray ; to vanish. 
(V*^ Bhum, s.f. s. Land, earth. 
cL?«^ Bhaun, s.f. s. The eyebrow. 

B. terhi karni. To scowl, frown, 

browbeat. Bhavoeu tanni, To knit the 

^j^, Bhauna, v. n. s. To revolve. 
l^i^c'^4J Bhuii-champa, s. m. s. 

A plant (Kempferia rotunda). 

\Ji_y^. Bhaunra, s. m. s. A large 

bee enamoured of the lotus. 
Iiij_j4j Bhonkna, v. a. h. To 

thrust, to drive (as a nail). 
iy^j%) Bhaunkna, v. n. s. To bark ; 

to talk foolishly. 
Luy^J Bhunna, v. a. s. To parch, 

grill, broil, toast, fry, inflame. 

j_5«j Bhi, conj. H. Also, too, even, 

j_5^ Bihi, s. f. p. 1. A quince, 

and (in India) a guava. 2. (from 
Bib) Goodness. 
^, Bahi, s.f. H. A book, regis- 
ter, book of accounts, ledger. 

^yJa4J Bhitar, adv. s. Within. 

(jpyu^j Bhitri, a. s. Inward, in- 
side, internal 

Usi«^ Bhejna, v. a. h. To send, 
to transmit. 

lis:i*^ Bhijna, v. n. H. To be wet ; 
to be affected with grief. 

«H»J Bhed, s. m. s. Separation, 
difference ; secrecy, mystery. B. lend, 
To spy, to pry into. 

ji^i Bahir, 5./. h. The baggage of 

an army. 
l^j^^ Bahir-o-buna, h. p. v. s. 

( 88 ) 


jifj Bhir, s. f. II. Multitude, 

crowd, mob. Bhir-bhar, s.f. A crowd, 

JA*> Bher, s. f. s. A sheep, an 

[>it^ Bahera, *. m. s. A fruit, the 

Belleric myrobalan (Terminalia be- 

•jW Bhera s. m. s. A ram. 
iSj^. Bheri, *. /. s. An ewe. 
k^^. Blieriya, *. m. s. A wolf. 
Afi^H^ BhiUh, s. f. s. Begging, 

charity, alms. 
'^fj Bliigna, r. n. h. To be wet. 

Rdt hhignd. To pass the night in 

mirth and musical entertainment. 
Ji«J Bhil, s. m. s. A Bheel (a 

race of people in Guzerat, &c.) 
^ljt«J Bhela, s. m. s. Seraicarpus 

U*H«J Bhains, s, /. s. A female 

^•^M Bhainsa, s. m. s. A male 

ol^l-^A^j Bhainsa-dad, ^ 
JjLuJji^j Bhainsiya-dad,J ** 

s. A kind of ring-worm. 
Ia^^ Bhingna, v. n. h. To be 

wet. See Bhigna. 
jic^. Bhaihu,5./. s. Sister-in-law, 

younger brother's wife. 
4- Be, interj. h. see Re. 
f- Be, p. a privative particle. 

Without. (Prefixed to words it cor- 
responds to in, im, ir, un, less, &c. 

in English.) 
Iw Baya, «. tw. s. 1. A little bird 

(Loxia indica) that is taught to fetch 

and carry, &c. 2. An assizer. 

V^rf Be-db, p. Without water, 
lustre, dignity, temper, &c. 

olj^J Bayaban, s. m. p. (water- 
less) A desert, a wilderness. 


^J^J\^ Baydbani, a. p. Of the de- 
sert, wild, &c. 

jj^^. Be-abru, a. p. Dishonour- 

^ji^, Be-abi, s. f. p. Want of 
lustre, temper, &c. 

UjVjj Biya-biya, p. A mode of 
calling pigeons. 

Jlsuixi Be-ittifaqi, *./. p. Want 
of agreement; discord. 

^k> Byaj, s. m. s. Interest. B. 
khor. An usurer. 

(M-kf Be-ajal, a. p. Untimely. 

JrUi^tAj Be-ihtiyat, a. p. Incau- 
tious, improvident, imprudent. 

jUiLLlw Be-ikhtiyar, a. p. With- 
out choice, helpless. 

Ls'^fAj Be-adai, s.f. p. Non-per- 
formance, faithlessness. 

V^'J|J Be-adab, a. p. Rude, pre- 
sumptuous, impudent. 

iji^ki Be-adabi, s. f. p. Rudeness, 

C'jki Be-aram, a. p. Restless, 

j^J;tje Be-arami, s. f. p. Restless- 
ness, &c. 

u^ki Byas, n. prop. a. The author 
of the Maha-Bharat. 

is^ki Byasi, a. s. Eighty-two. 

c>^*^ Bayaz, s. f. a. 1. White- 
ness. 2. A blank-leaf, a common- 
place book. 3. Name of a figure in 
the science of Ramal or Geomancy. 

^UicUj Be-itibar, a. p. Of no ere- 
dit or estimation. 

(_5;Ul£Lj Be-itibari, s. f. p. Dis- 
credit, distrust, dishonesty. 

^liJUUj Be-itiqad, a. p. Incredul- 
ous, disbelieving. 

t^^liiclx) Be-itiqadi, s. f. p. In- 
credulity, disbelief. 

J^ki Be-ulfati, s. f. p. The being 
without friendship or attachment. 

( 89 ) 


u^k'i Bealis, a. h. Forty-two. 

jULoLw Be-imtiyaZj a, p. a. Undis- 
tinguishing, ill-bred, rude, unman- 

ejljo Bayan, s. m. a. Explanation, 
relation. B. karnd, To explain, un- 
fold, relate. 

o^j Byan, s. m. s. Birth, partu- 

IJlw Byana, v. n. s. To be deli- 
vered of young (applied only to ani- 

jtjiixiLjj Be-andaza, a. p. Immode- 

iS'^hki Be-auladl, S.f. p. a. Child- 

Jilw Byah, s. m, s. Man-iage. B. 
rachdnd, To celebrate a marriage. B. 
Idnd, To take in marriage, to marry. 

Ijklw Byaha, m."^ 

liikU. Bydhta,/. J "* ^* 

'JjfcUj Byahna, ?;. n. s. see Byana. 
r. a. To give or take in marriage. 

cjUjIaj Be-iman, «. p. a. Without 
religion, without conscience. 

»i^txjj Be-bais, a. p. a. Without 

d^Jrf Be-baq, a. p. a. Complete. 

<yUjjj Be-baqi, «./. p. a. Comple- 

<-^fj^ Bebak, a. p. Fearless. 

j^^Lxjj Be-baki, s. f. Fearlessness, 

j^.ij^. Be-bal-o-par, a. p. With- 
out power, impotent, helpless. 

iSj^^ J^. Be-bal-o-parij s. f. p. 
Weakness, helplessness. 

•i^ Be-bad, a. p. Without ble- 
mish, faultless. 

J<^J^ Be-badal, a. p. a. Incompa- 
rable, inestimable. 

j^. Be-bur, a. p. Fruitless, bar- 


ji^^Jjxxi Be-barg-o-bar,a. p. Fruit- 
less, barren, poor. 

(j«^ Be-bas, a. p. Without pow- 
er, authority, or command ; helpless. 

t_5~^j Be-basi, s.f. p. Helpless- 

^J Be-baqa, a. p. a. Frail, perish- 
able, not eternal. 

Jj>Jo Be-bal, a, p. s. Without 
power, weak, wretched, poor. 

<^-ij Axxjo Be-band-0-bast, a. p. 
Unarranged, without order, unset- 
tled (a country). 

IfHiJ Be-baha, a. p. Invaluable. 

j\^'. Be-bahar, a. p. Out of sea- 

,j^ Bibi, s. f. H. A lady, (vul- 
garly) a wife. 

j*^j ^^ Be-pa-0-sar, a. p. Very 

x^j^^. Be-parda, a. p. Unveiled, 
immodest ; openly. 

[l;i^. Be-parwa, a. p. Fearless, 
careless, without reflection. 

L5''jlri-Jrf Be-parwai, s.f. p. Care- 
lessness, thoughtlessness ; indepen- 
dence, tranquillity, indifference. 

J^*r^ Be-parhez, a. p. Inconti- 

LSJ^Jt^ Be-parhezi, *. /. p. In- 

LSj^. Be-pari, *. /. p. The being 
without wings ; helplessness. 

»-^iJ Be-phab, a. p. ii. Shapeless. 

_j^ Be-pir, a. p. Having no spi- 
ritual guide; vicious. 

j^:^. Be-pir, a. p. s. Cruel. 

•^iJ Bait,* s. /. A. 1. House, 
temple, edifice. 2 A couplet, a verse 
in poetry. 

v:^^ Bet, *. /. s. A cane, a ratan 
(Calamus rotang). 

vlJ^ Be-tab, a. p. Faint, power- 
less, restless, uneasy, impatient. 

( 90 ) 

^Aixi Be-tabi, s. f. p. Faiiitness j 
restlessness, uneasiness, impatience. 
4iblJLkJ Be-tdbdna, adv. p. Rest- 
lessly, &c. ; a faint, 
^liw Be-taasir,a.p.A. Ineffectual. 
jUoj Be-tdl, «. P. s. Out of time 

(in music), ill-timed. 
j.t^lo>AJ Bait-ul-haram, s. m. a. 

(Sacred house), v. s. 
lli^l»i.jj Bait-ul-khala, 5. m. a. 

A necessarj', a privy. 
^yLJlo-w Bait-us-saqar, s. m. a. 

The infernal abode, hell. 
J-^liioj Bait-u8-sanam, s. m. a. 

An idol temple. 
*Ulc.iJ Bait-ullah, s. m. a. (God's 

house) The temple of Mecca. 
JuJic:-Aj Bait-ul-mal, s. m. a. An 
escheat ; property that falls to the 
ground in failure of heirs. (Met.) An 
unfortunate fellow, 
j^t^fl^iooj Bait-ul-muqaddas, s. 
A. (The holy house) The temple of 
^^. Be tala, a. p. s. see Be-tal. 
e;ULu Be-tan, a. p. s. Out of tune. 
l.ibJ^ Be-tahasha, a. p. a. With- 
out fear, fearless, rashly. 
^.>ijo Be-tadbir, a. p. a. Incau- 
tious, inconsiderate, unwitting, 
l/j^ Baitara, s.j. s. Dry ginger. 
^y^'-^iiJ^Aj Be-taqsir,a. p.A.Innocent. 
"-a^ij-? Be-takalluf, a. p. a. With- 
out ceremony, unceremonious. 
J^^. Be-takallufi, s.f. p. a. Un- 
ceremoniousness, frankness. 
cJiw Baital, a. a. 1. Unlucky. 

2. Vicious. 
^jlx^AJj Be-tammanai, s. f. p. a. 

Freedom from desire, contentment. 
>i^ Be-tamiz, a. p. a. Void of 

discrimination ; indiscreet, silly. 
iSj^i*^. Be-tamizi^ 5./. p. a. Want 
of discrimination ; indiscretion. 

^5yLxj Be-tawaqqu, fl. p. a. Hope- 
iSx> Be- tab, a. v. Bottomless, 

unmeaning, absurd, 
j^jj Be-tahi, s. f. p. Bottom- 

lessness ; absurdity, impatience. 
15aj Beta, s. m. h. A son, a child. 
W^Jo Baitha, s. m. a. A paddle. 
UjW^ Baitharna,"^ v. a. h. To 
UJL^iAj Baithalna, > cause to sit 
U^Lj Baithana, J down, to 


lil^iAj Baithak, s.f. h."! 1 .A seat, 

^^^, Baithka, s. m. h.J a bench, 

a place where^people meet to sit and 

converse. 2. Act or state of sitting. 

tij4>j^ Bethan, s. m. s. Envelope, 

pack-cloth, wrapper, 
(j^ Baithna, v. n. h. To sit, to 

ride, to visit, to sit in Dharna. 
L-^jy^ir Be-thaur-thikane, a. 
p. H. Groundless, inconsistent, adv. 
Improperly, inconsiderately. 
^J^. Beti, *./. H. A daughter. 
ovaaaj Be-sabat, a. p. a Instable, 

j^jUIxj Be-sabati, s.f. p. a. Insta- 
bility, inconstancy. 
^ Bij, s. m. s. I. Seed. 2. Sper- 

ma genitale. 
^ Be-jd, a. p. Ill-placed, ill- 
timed, improper, inaccurate, adv. 
Inopportunely, &c. 
t,i>\s^. Be-jada, s. p. a. Variegated 

jls-J:; Bijar, a. s. Seedy. 
cj^^-Jrf Be-jan, a. p. 1. Lifeless, 

faint. 2. Valiant, brave. 
Ji\j'^'. Be-jurati, s. f p. a. Want 

of courage, pusillanimity. 
^js:^. Be-jurm, a. p. a. Faultless, 

( 91 ) 


(,jsA> Be-jirm, a. p. a. Without 

blemish, spotless. 
i2i:c^ Bijak, *. m. s. A ticket 

tied to goods or on bags to mark 

their contents, &c., a list, an invoice. 
(^/s^. Be-jigari, s. f, p. Want 

of cour age. 
js^ Beju, s. m. H. The name of 

an animal that feeds on carcases. 

(Ursus Indicus, Shaw. Indian badger. 


i_.i^srJrf Be-jawab, a. p. a. Unable 
to answer. 

^J^^ Biji, *. /. H. A weasel, a 
mongoose (Viverra Ichneumon). 

^■iJ Bich, H. 1. adv. In, into, 
among, between, during. 2. s. m. 
Middle, centre; difference; quarrel, 
hostility. B. parnd, v. n. To differ, 
to raise a quarrel between. B. kiungli. 
The middle finger. Btchon bich, In 
the very middle, in the midst. 

^h^^- Be-chai-agi, s.f. p. Help- 
lessness, necessity. 

»;Ls^ Be-chara, a. p. Without re- 
medy, without choice, heljjless, jioor. 

Jl^ Be-chal, -i p. s. 1. a. Un- 

^J^^■ Be-chali,J principled. 2. 
s.f. Misdemeanour, ill-behaviour. 

J^f:^. Bich-bichao, s. h. Arbitra- 
tion, mediation. 

^j^ Be-churagh, a. p. 1. Lamp- 
less. 2. Childless, desolate. 

l^^ Bechna, v. a. h. To sell. 

*J^^ Be-choba, s. m. p. (pole- 
less) A kind of tent pitched without 
a pole. 

^^- Be-chun, a. p. Incompara- 

U^ Bichha, s. m. s. A scorpion; 
the sign Scorpio. 

cHi^ Be-chain, a. p. h. Uneasy. 

i^^- Be-chaini, s.f. p. ii. Unea- 

M 2 

jLcJrf Be-hal, a. p. a. Ill-circum- 
stanced, indisposed. 

^_^(gjsi^ Be-hijab, a. p. a. Unveil- 

* ed. 

,tiblsr=^ Be-hijabana, adv. p. a. 
Without a veil, openly, shamelessly. 

^jIs^ Be-hijabi, s. /, p. a. Ap- 

" pearing unveiled ; immodesty. 

•xsrJj^ Be-hadd, a. p. a. Boundless. 

'.s^'o^sr^ Be-hurmat, a. p. a. Dis- 

^i/c^x-irf Be-hurm:iti, s. f. p. a. 

(josHH Be-hiss, a. p. a. Insensible, 

._.UsJ^ Be-hisab, a. p. a. Count- 
less, immoderate, inconsistent. 

jjJisi'. Be-huzur, a. p. a. Absent. 

o..*i;a:i^ Be-hikmat, a. p. a. Un- 

^_r\ysi:i Be-hawass, a. p. a. Out of 
one's senses, distracted. 

^^\j.s^. Be-hawassi, s. f. p. a. 
Distraction of mind, being out of 
one's senses. 

Ij^^-- Be-haya, a. p. a. Shameless, 
immodest, impudent. 

j_^Usri^ Be-haya-i, s. f. p. a. 

^ Bekh, s. f. p. Root ; origin, 

jLti^ Be-khar, a. p. Without 
thorns, without an.Kiety, fear, or soli- 

-XiLsrif^ Be-khaya, *. m. p. (With- 
out testicles) A eunucli. 

^Ai^ Be-khubar, a. p. a. Incau- 
tious, careless, heedless, imprudent ; 
uninformed, ignorant ; unwitting, 

cir^^i^ Be-khabri, s. f. p. a. Im- 
prudence, carelessness, heedlessness, 

«>ijl.:i.^^*J Be-khar-o-kha\viiid,a. 
p. Without a master or owner . 

( 92 ) 


liMtt? Be-khatS, a. p. a. Unerring. 

jiai^ Be-khatar, '\a. p. a. Free 

s^tari^ Be-khatra,J from danger, 

i:f^^- Bekh-kan, s. m. p. An ex- 
tirpator, destroyer, thief; a judge. 

cji^jt^ Be-khwab, a. p. Sleepless. 

^i\jx^ Be-khwabi, s.f. p. Sleep- 

JU\^>. Be-khwdhish, a. p. With- 
out inclination or spirit; without 
pursuit, object, a hobby-horse. 

ii_ys^ Be-khiul, a. p. Beside one's 
self, out of one's mind, enraptured, 

«j'oi^i^ Be-khud-ana, a. p. Like 
one enraptured or beside himself. 

(S:>js^- Be-khudi, s.f. p. Ecsta- 
sy, rapture, senselessness, delirium. 

vlr^-J^^^*^ Be-khur-o-khwabj a. 
p. Without inclination to eat or sleep, 

- Be-khwesh, a. p. Friend- 

•HJ Baid, s. m. s. A physician. 

•H^ Bed, s. m. s. The name of 
the four Hindu scriptures ; the veds. 

'^. Bed, s. /.p. 1. The willow. 
2. A sort of cane, a ratan (Calamus 

<^. Ba-yadd, p. a. In the hand. 

<i^<^. Be-dad, p. I. a. Unjust, law- 
less. 2. S.f. Injustice, iniquity. 

^:il«>oj Be-dad-gar, s. m. p. An 


isj^^'^. Be-dad-gari, s. f. p. Op- 
iSi>^<^i Be-dadi, s.f. p. Injustice 


j,\>^. Bedar, a. p. Awake, watch- 
ing, watchful, wakeful. 

s£^^j\iiM Bedar-bakht, a. p. For- 

j^jl,>jo Bedar-dil, a. v. Alert, 
watchful, quick of apprehension. 

j^ijlJoj Bedar-dili, s.f. v. Alert- 
ness, quickness of apprehension. 

(^;l*^-w Bedari, *. /. p. Watchful- 
ness, waking. 

d-Jit^jj Be-dasht, a. p. Careless, 
inattentive, negligent. 

^^Jtw(«>.jjj Be-dashti, s. f. p. Care- 
lessness, inattention. 

'^1^. Be-dagh, a. v. Spotless. 

aJl^jj Be-dana, a. p. Grainless, 
seedless (as fruit). 

«-»V<^^ Bed-baf, s. p. One who 
works on ratans, a basket-maker. 

^yb^jjj Bed-bafi, s.f. v. Weaving 
with ratans. 

Ij/ Ja.«iJjJ Be-dakhl karna, v. a. 
p. H. To exclude. 

^j'^^. Be-dard, a. v. Unfeeling, 
pitiless, merciless. 

ti'^'i'iJ Be-dardi, s. f. p. Free- 
dom from pain, unjfeelingness, &c. 

^j"^. Be-dirang, p. Without 

^)^i^. Be-daregh, a. p. I. Unde- 
niable, incontestable, readily ac- 
knowledged. 2. Unsparing, pitiless ; 
ungrudging, liberal. 

b 3 cu*«<xw Be-dast-0-pa, a. p. 
Helpless, without power or authority. 

jjL^,^ Be-dastur, a. p. Ill-bred ; 

^y;i>jj; Be-dawa, a. p. a. Free 
from claims. 

ij'^^. Baidaq, s. m. a. A pawn at 

J«xu Be-dil, a. v. Heartless, dis- 
pirited ; dejected, sad. 

ij<^. Be-dili, s. f. p. Heartless- 
ness ; dejection. 

(*«i«-iJ Be-dam, a. p. Breathless. 

v£i.ik/e<ijj Bed-mushk, s. p. An 
odoriferous sort of Bed or willow. 

( 93 ) 

^«jjj Be-darai, s. f. p. Breath- 

iLc^jj Be-damagh, a. p. Ill-tem- 
pered, impatient, irritable, easily pro- 

IjliUojo Be-damagh-ana, adv. v. 
Ill-naturedly, impatiently. 

^^iUojjj Be-damaghi, s.f. p. Bad 
temper, irritability, impatience. 

^_^jOJj Be-dos, a. p. s. Faultless, 

*^j<^> Be-daiilat, a. p. a. Unfortu- 

i^yAi Bedh, s. m. s. Bore, creek, 

c.l^.>jo Be-dahshat, a. p. a. Fear- 

Vaa^jj Bedhna, v. a, s. To pierce, 
bore, perforate. 

^jAOJj Bedhi, '\s. m. s. A bor- 

^^. Bedhiya,J er. 

vlaJU^^ Be-diyanat, a. p. a. Irre- 
ligious, unjust. 

tri«H^ Be-din, a. p. a. Without 

JjSjjj Be-daul, a, p. h. Shape- 
less, ugly ; uneducated, ill-bred, un- 

j^, Ber, s. in. s. Name of the 
Jujube fruit or tree (Zizyphus ju- 

^1^ Bairagi, s. \. a. Austere, 
" recluse. 2. s. m. A kind of faqir who 
retires from the world and practises 
religious austerities. 

xj/jj Be-rah, a. p. Erring ; dis- 
solute, unprincipled. 

,^1^ Be-rahi, s. f. p. Error, 
wandering, dissoluteness. 

^j^. Be-rabt, a. p. a. Contrary 
to rule. 

j^j^. Ber-ber, adv. s. Often, fre- 
quently, repeatedly. 

tj4i/^^ Be-rutba-gi, s. f. v. a. 

The having no rank or degree of 

*>^ Be-rutba, a. p. a. Without 

dignity or rank ; worthless, 
/♦a^ Be-rahm, a. p. a. Merci- 
less, cruel. 
,^*A^ Be-rahmi, s.f. v. a. Cru- 
4^ Be-raza, a. p. a. Without 

{jj^ Bairaq, s. m. p. A banner, 

ensign, colours. 
^O-i^ Bairakh, s. f. p. v. s. 
4^ Be-ru, a. p. Without face, 

shameless, inhuman. 
WJ^ Berlin, pj'ep. p. Without, 

on the outside. B.-jdt, a- Country. 

B.-jdti, A villager, countryman. 
{Jjj'!^- Be-rui, s. f. p. Shameless- 

ness, inhumanity. 
^^4^ Be-rahi, s. f. p. Error, 

iSj^> Beri, s. f. s. See Ber. 
ti>iJ Biri, s.f. s. 1. A betel leaf 

made up with spices, &c. (Pan). 2. 

The colour which adheres to the lips 

from chewing pan. 
Ij^jo Be-riya, a. p. a. Without 

Ijjj »r*i^ Be-raib-o-riya, a. p. a. 

Without guile or deceit. 
j_^^ Be-rish, a. p. Beardless (a 

«.ij^ Be-resha, a. p. Without 

jjjj Ber, s. m. ii. An enclosure. 
Ijw Bera, s. m. s. A raft, a float; 

the raft which is floated by the Mu- 

hammadans in honour of Khwaja- 

Ijw Bird, s. m. s. I. See Biri. 2. 

A thong tied to the hilt of a sword 

by which it is retained in the scab- 
bard, a sword-knot. 

( 94 ) 


LiAjiJ Berhna, v. a. ii. To enclose, 

to surround ; to j)ound (cattle, &c.), 
to drive away cattle. 

iSji^. Ben, s.f. H. Irons fastened 
to the lej^s of criminals,, elephants, 
&c. ; fetters. 

j}y^ Bezar, a. p. Disgusted, dis- 
pleased, sick. 

LS)}}^. Bezari, *. /. p. Anger, bad 

humour, displeasure. 
j>w Be-zar, a. p. Without money 
or the means of getting it ; helpless. 

iS^ya Be-zari, s. f. p. The being 
without money; indigence. 

i^jyj oy*:'. Be-zan-0-farzand, a. p. 
Without wife or children. 

Jhyii Be-zawal, a. f. a. Imper- 
ishable, unchangeable. 
JJlj^. Be-zor, a. p. Weak, impo- 

ijAyu Be-zahra, a. p. Without 
gall or bile ; patient, good-tempered, 
forbearing ; indefatigable ; shameless. 

^^'^jj'r^y^. Be-zeb-0-zinat, a. p. 
Ugly and awkward ; inelegant in 
dress and person. 

t^Jr^j Be-zin, a. p. Unsaddled. 

iji^ Bais, s. m. s. 1. The third 
of the four Hindu castes. 2. Name 
of a Rajput tribe. 

o»j^ Bis, a. s. Twenty. 

AJLiLoj Be-sakhta, a. p. Undis- 
guised, plain, artless. 

^^tLkUjj) Be-siikhtagi, s. f. p. 
Artlessness, simplicity, undisguised 
or unstudied conduct. 

jl^ Be-saz, a. p. Without ap- 
paratus, tools, &c. ; unaccoutred. 

d^Lojj Baisakh, *. tn. s. The first 
solar month of the Hindus (April 
10th to May 10th). 

4^^ Baisakhi, «. s. 1. Grow- 
ing in, or relating to the month of 
Baisakh. 2. s.f. A kind of rayroba- 

lan or citron fruit. 3. The first day 
of Baisakh being that on which the 
sun enters Aries. 

Be-sabab, a. p. a. With- 
out reason. 

»i.»-»AJ Bist, a. p. Twenty. 

Lgy^^. Be-satri, s.f. p. a. Unveil- 
ing, exposure ; dishonour. 

i^jjL-jjj Besitun, n. prop. p. A ce- 
lebrated mountain in Persia which 
Farhad dug through at the command 
of his mistress Shirin. 

^r^ Be-saj, a. p. H. Shapeless, 

e^***i^ Be-sukhan, a. p. Taci- 
turn, silent. 

2!<>— t^ Be-sudh, a. p. s. Senseless, 
in a swoon ; beside one's self, enrap- 
j^^. Be-sar, a. p. Peerless, un- 

equa lied, 
^r^ Besar, s. f. h. The small 
ring worn in the nose. 

Ir^ Besara, *. m. h. A kind of 
falcon (Falco Nisus). 

LrHrf Be-sura, a. p. s. Out of tune 

or~^ Be-surt, a. p. s. Stupid. 

^J^r^. Be-sar-o-pa, a. Impotent, 
destitute, very wretched. 




sar-o-saman, a. p. 

Without apparatus, helpless. 

*«^A.~w Be-saliqa, a. p. a. With- 
out method, inexpert, awkward. 

C5^fii^ Be-saliqagi, s. f. p. a. 
Inexpertness, awkwardness. 

<^i-^ Be-sil, a. p. s. Shameless. 

i:r--w Besan, s. m. h. The flour 
or meal of pulse (particularly of 
Ghana, Cicer arietinum). 

LrH^ Beswa, s. f. s. A prostitute. 

u^ Besh, «. p. 1. More. 2. 
Good, proper, well, excellent, elegant, 
delightful. Besh-az-besh, Very much, 
a great deal. 

( 95 ) 

ji^. Beshtar, a. compar. p. More, 
for the most part, exceeding, better. 

,y«;^Be-sharmi, s. f. v. Shame- 

y^. Be-shuur, a. p. a. Igno- 
rant, uninformed, a blockhead. 

(^)j*JiM Be-shuuri, s. f. p. a. Ig- 
norance, stupidity. 

o«Aiiijo Be-shafqut, a. p. a. Un- 
kind, unmerciful, harsh. 

c^j^Lioj Besh-qimat, a. v. a. Of 
great price or value, 

1^^^ Be-shakk, -> a. 

i_aj; J '•sXIjo Be-shakk-o-raib, L p. 

«xij t2l.iaj Be-shakk-o-shubh,J a. 
Doubtless, indubitable, certain. 

jV.^^ Be-shumar, a. p. Count- 
less, numberless, much. 

^cr^ Besh-0-kam, a. p. Not 
much, a moderate quantity, more or 

*^ Besha, s. m. p. A forest. 

(^^ Beshi, 8. f. p. Excess. 

^r»^flJ:J Be-sabr, a. p. a. Impati- 
ent, restless. 

i^j^'OM Be-sabri, s. f. p. a. Im- 

AJ^*<a>j Be-sarfa, a. p. a. Unpro- 

^X-ajj Be-salah, a. v. a. Ill-ad- 
vised, headstrong. 

u<=^ Baiz, s. m. A. A mark fixed 
to public writings by the Magistrate 
or any principal officer. 

^ Baiza, a. 1. a. White. 2. 
s. m. The sun. Yadd-i-baizd dikhdnd, 
V. a. To distinguish one's self in any 
work (an allusion taken from the 
luminous hand of Moses). 

ajLojj Baizana, *. m. a. p. The 
perquisite of the magistrate, &c. for 
marking public papers. 

^°^'^ Be-zabt, a. p. a. Irregular, 
unrestrained, wanton. 

kij hx^ Be-zabt-rabt, a. p. a. 
Without order or connexion. 

LSy^ Baizawi, a. a. Fashioned 
in the shape of an egg. Kkatt-i- 
baizawi, s. m. A form of the Persian 
Nastaliq character in which the 
curved tails of the letters are seg- 
ments of an oval. 

*^ Baiza, *. m. a. An egg. 
jLbjo Baitar, s. m. a. A horse doc- 
tor, a farrieri 

^Ji^J. Be-taqati, s.f. p. a. Weak- 

^UoAj Be-tali-., s. f. p. a. Bad 
luck, misfortune. 

^jJa^J Be-tarah,""! a. p. a. 111- 
j>^J Betaur, J mannered, un- 
mannerly, uncivil, rude, awkward. 

^ Bai, *. /. A. Commerce, sell- 
ing. jB. karnd, To sell. 

aJIaw Baidna, s. m. a. p. Earnest 

•^^jj Baiat, s. f. a. Homage, 
fealty. B. karnd, v, a. To become a 
disciple of some saint. 

JiXajj Be-adl, a. p. a. Unjust, 

«.r*i*iJ Be-aib, a. p. a. Faultless, 
without blemish. 

•^jlijfj Be-ghayat, a. p. a. Bound- 

(jc;*^ Be-gharaz, a. p. a. Inde- 
pendent, disinterested, indifferent. 

cr*j '^^. Be-ghil-o-ghash, a. 
p. A. Without trouble or anxiety. 

<^jj Be-gham, a. p. a. With- 
out anxiety. 

jiy*¥. Be-ghaur, a. p. a. Without 

e»^jJuj Be-ghairat, a. p. a. With- 
out pride or emulation ; wanton, im- 
pudent, infamous, rude. 

Jij^ Be-ghairati, *. /. p. a. 
Disgrace, &c. 

( 96 ) 

jj^lAo Be-faida, a. p. a. Profitless, 
useless, vain. 

jS^. Be-fikr, a. p. a. Thought- 
less ; contented, tranquil. 

^jiJl^ Be-fikri,«./. p. A. Thought- 
lessness, &c. 

tXjj^^gjjj Be-fahmid, a. p. a. Slow 
of comprehension, dull, stupid. 

u^Jut Be-faiz, a. p. a. Unprofit- 
able ; possessing but not besto\ving 
(as an uncommunicative scholar or a 
miserly rich man). 

^[ftxj Be-qabu, a. p. t. Without 
restraint, out of one's power, secure 
against surprise or attack. 

XdJ^lfiw Be-qaida, a. p. a. With- 
out order or rule, irregular, unar- 

jLr^ Be-qarar, a. p. a. Incon- 
stant, unsettled, restless, variable, out 
of patience, uneasy, distracted. 

(S^j^. Be-qarari, s. f. p. a. In- 
constancy, instability, &c. 

j^-^ Be-qusur, a. p. a. Fault- 
less, innocent, adv. "Without ffdl, 
completely, entirely. 

tj*i^ Be-qalai, a. p. a. Untin- 
ned (a pot, &c.) 

JyBJo Be-qaul, a. p. a. Faithless, 

wkhi Be-qiyas, a. p. a. Incon- 
ceivable, contrary to the common 
order of things, incomprehensible, 

•H^ Be-qaid, a. p. a. Unre- 
strained, irregular. 

^^ Be-kaj, a. p. s. Useless, un- 

j^ Be-kar, a. p. Unemployed. 
iSj^. Be-kari, s. f. p. Want of 

u[;^. Be-karan, a. p. Shoreless, 

tji»% Be-kas, a. p. Friendless. 

4jt«Jaj Be-kasana, a. p. Friend-i 

less, destitute. 

^^^. Be-kasi, *. /. p. Forlorn 
friendless state. 

,_sJiioj Be-kafani, s. f. p. a. The 

" being buried without a shroud. 

J%» Be-kal, a. p. s. Restless, un- 
easy, out of order. 

j^JLh^j Be-kali, s. f. p. s. Restless- 

o^lS'j *XAJ Be-kam-o-kast, a. p. 
Without omission, accurate. 

t-^ Beg, s. m. T. A mogul title 
corresponding to Lord in English. 

jl^i; Begar, *. m. h. A person 
forced to work with or without pay. 

iSj^i^. Begari, *. /, h. The act of 
pressing or forcing to work. B. lend. 
To press. 

^^^ Be-gana-gi, *./. p. Strange- 
ness ; the being foreign or not do- 

*j^ Begana, a. p. Strange, not 
domestic, foreign, unknown, stranger. 

^«jl^ Begana-kho, a. p. Of a 
strange or savage disposition. 

»1^ Be-gah, adv. v. Untimely, 

fJ^, Begam, s. f. p. A lady or 
princess (women of rank are styled 

U^ Begma, s. f. T. A young 

lady of rank. 

lyU^ Be-guman, a. v. Without 
doubt or suspicion, doubtless. 

(i^ Baigan, s. m. h. The egg- 
plant (Solanum melongena). 

aLkivj Be-gunah, a. p. Innocent, 

j^UXu Be-gunahi, s. f. p. Inno- 

4,^"^ Baigan ti, *. h. A sort of 

f*^ Bigha, s. m. s. A quantity 

( 97 ) 

of land containing 20 Kathas (or Cot- 

tahs) or 120 feet square. 
£,1^ Be-ghat, a. p. s. Inaccessi- 
ble, without a ghat (a river). 
Jjjj Bail, *. m. s. A bull, ox. 

(Met.) A blockhead. 
tJiJ Bel, s. 1. s. m. The name of a 

fruit (Cratseva or iEgle marmelos). 2. 

s.f. A creeper, climber ; a tendril. 
(Jaj Bel, *. m. s. Flower of the 

Bela shrub. 
(JjjJ Bel, s. m. p. A spade. 
% Bela, s. f. s. 1. Name of a 

shrub (Jasminum zambac). 2. A 

cup. 3. A musical instrument like a 


itw Bela, *. m. p. Money for 
distributing in charity. Beld-barddr, 
s. m. One of the retinue of a great man 
who scatters money among the people. 

^iUj Be-laj, a. p. s. Shameless, 

^^LxJ-tJBe-libasi, s./. v. a. Naked- 

^j^. Bel-buta s. m. ii. A shrub, 
bush, or creeper. 

&? - Bel-cha, s. m. p. A hoe, 
spade, small mattock. 

Jilsr^ Be-lihaz, a. v. a. Inatten- 
tive, undistinguishing ; ill-bred, un- 

jloi^J Bel-dar, s. m. p. A pioneer, 
digger, user of a spade. 

•JJaJ-i;' Be-lutf, a. p. A. Unkind, 

J^^j Be-lutfi, s.f. p. A. Unkind- 

^Jrf Belak, s. f. p. 1. A small 
mattock. 2. Tlie iron point of an 
arrow. [pin. 

e^lj^ Belan, s. m. s. A roUing- 
L^ Belna, s. \. s. in. A rolling- 
pin. 2. V. a. To spread out, to lami- 

p. Fear, terror. 

^ Bim, s. m. 
dread, danger. 

l*jj Bima, or Biman, s. m. h. In- 

oUw Bemat, s. f. s. A step-mo- 
ther. B.-bhdi, A brother born of a 
different mother by the same father, 
a half-brother by the father's side. 
ji^> Baimatr, s. m. s. see Bemat- 
bhai under Bemat. 

jUj^ Biniar, a. p. Sick, indispos- 
ed. jB. khdna, An hospital. 

*J!;'*^ Bimar-ana, a. p. Sickly, 
like one sick. 

jbjUjj Bimar-dar, s. p. A nurse 
of a sick person. 

(^j'ojUjj Bimar-dari, s.f. p. Care 
of a sick person. 

iSJ^*^- Bimari, s. f. p. Sickness. 

ci'-HiJ Be-man, a. p. s. Disgraced, 
dishonoured, dishonourable. 

<>-^UiJ Be-manaud, a. p. Incom- 
parable, unparalleled. 

JU^A) Be-misal, a. p. a. Incom- 

iu.*,l:s^ Be-muhasaba, adv. p. a. 
Without calculation, at a venture. 

Js-^ Be-mahall, p. a. Out of 
place, improperly. 

"^Jj^. Be-muruwat, a. p. a. Un- 
kind, cruel. 

iy*ii Be-maza, a. v. Tasteless, 
insipid ; displeased. 

j_ji)^x) Be-maza-gi, *. /. p. Insi- 
pidity, &c. 

i^^**^. Be-m^m, a. p. a. Un- 
meaning, absurd, foolish, idle, vain. 

^j<xfl«jj Be-maqdur, a. p. a. With- 
out authority ; without resource ; 
poor, miserable. 

tr»^ Be-man, a. P. s. Spiritless, 
♦i^j Be-ininnat,a.p. a. Indepen- 
dent, unwilling to incur obligation. 

( 98 ) 

ky*Ai Be-mujib, a. p. a. With- 
out cause or reason. 
«5^j Be-muuqi, a. p. a. Out of 

place ; unseasonable, unapt, inoppor- 
tune, inconvenient. 

j^*xi Be-mihr, a. p. Unkind, un- 

iSj^. Be-mihri, s.f. p. Unkind- 
ness, &c. 

t^ Bin, part. act. p. (In comp.) 
Seeing, looking. 

t^Jo Bin, s. f. s. A kind of lute. 
Ben, s. m. A flute, pipe, fife. 

liHrf Baiyan, s. m. a. Explanation, 
&c. (See Bayan). 

LJ^J Bina, a. p. Clear-sighted. 

^jj Bena, s. m. s. 1. The name 
of a grass, Khas (Andropogon muri- 
catum). 2. A fan. 

^Ujj Be-nam, a. p. Without cha- 
racter or reputation. Be-ndm- o-ni- 
shdn, a. Without name or character. 

JiiUy Binai, s.f. p. Sight. 

ti^^^cH:^ Bain-bain, a. a. Inter- 
mediate (between g'^od and evil) ; 
passable, indifferent, tolerable. 

iZ*sxi Bent, s. m. h. A handle. 
,^is^ Benjni, a. n. Purple (the 

colour of the Baigan fruit). 
Iix4^ Benchna, v. a. s. To sell. 
LJAiiijj Bindhna, v. a. s. To bore. 
LxAiidxi Bendhna, v. a. s. To plait, 

to braid. 

tfSJ^ Bindi, s. f. s. The hair 
twisted or plaited behind ; a tail. 

trH; Binish, s. f. p. Sight, dis- 

Vb^ 4 j Be-nasib, a. p. a. Un- 
fortunate, destitute. 

j*^ ^ i Be-nazir, a. v. a. Incom- 

»-*^ Bcng, s. m. s. A frog, a 

i^/iw Baingan, s. m. ii. The egg- 
plant (see Baigan). 

liUijJ Be-namak, a. p. Saltless, 
insipid ; ugly, ordinary. 

i^jjjj Be-nang, a. p. Shameless. 

,^yo\Jj iSi^J Be-nang-o-namus, a. 
p. Without name or character. 

y^ti Be-nawa, a. p. Indigent, s. 
m. A kind of dervise who shaves his 
eyebrows and beard. 

^ji^j-jo Be-nawai, s. f. p. Indi- 
gence, beggary. 

o*j^jj Be-nihayat, a. p. W^ith- 
out bounds, excessive. 

J^^. Beni, s.f. s. (see Bindi). 

(_5-4J Bini, s. f. p. The nose. B. 

burida, a. Whose nose is cut off. 
jljj^-iJ Be-niyaz, a. p. W^anting or 
asking nothing j independent. 

L^i^-i^i^ Be-niyazi, s. f. p. Inde- 

t^-jj Bevva, s. f. p. A widow. 

^Jt^Aj Be-wali, a. p. a. Without 
a ruler or protector. 

i2i^^ Buyutat, s. pi. o/>^jrf, a. 
Household expenses. 

b^~'> Byora, or Byaura, s. m. h. 
1. Difference, distinction. 2. Expla- 
nation, history, detail of circum- 
stances, account, an account of par- 
ticulars or detailed account (in book- 

)^ji)^*^. Byaure-war, adv. h. p. 
Explicitly, distinctly. 

iir-'=^ Be-watan, a. p. a. With- 
out a home, an exile. 

^^^^. Be-watani, s. f. p. a. Exile, 

l^^jjj Be-wafa, a. p. a. Faithless, 

iJ^^. Be-wafai, s. f. p. a. Infi- 
delity, faithlessness, &c. 

iSj^ji! Be-waqari, s. f. p. a. 
Want of dignity. 



( 99 ) 

^^^jjjjj Be-waqt, a. p. a. Out of 

season, untimely, ill-tinaed. 

^^ Be-waqr, a. p. a. Without 
dignity or character, dishonourable. 

viyjjj Be-waquf, a. p. a. Igno- 
rant, inexpert, stupid. 

*i.jyjjj Byont, s. m. h. Shape ; the 
act of cutting out clothes. 

^^ Byontna, v. a, h. To cut 
or shape clothes. 

I^j^ Byonga, s. m. h. The in- 
strument with which leather is scra- 
ped and cleaned. B. phird nahin, 
His hide has not been curried (said 
of a spoiled child, &c.). 

l/^J^ Byongi, s.f. h. v. s. 

hi^. Bevva, s. f. p. A widow. 
y^^. Byohar, s. m. h. A loan. 

Ij^jii Byohar-a or-iya, s. m. s. 
A creditor, lender. 

^w Behla, s. m. v. See Bela, p. 

JU^j Be-hanial, a. v. Without 
peer or compeer, unequalled. 

•^♦f^ Be-himmat,a. p. a. Unambi- 
tious, humble, miserly, vile, slothful, 
lazy, indolent. 

Li^tirf Be-han)ta, a. p. Incompa- 

l-J^^J Behinnd, s. m. ii. A combei' 

or carder (of cotton). 
y^ Be-hunar, a. p. Unskilled. 

(♦I^^w Be-hangam, a. v. Untime- 


j^^:>^.jjo Behudagi, s. f. p. Absurd- 
ity, nonsense. 

i:ij-^ Behuda, a. p. Absurd, vain, 
idle, fruitless, unprofitable. Behuda- 
go, s. m. P. An idle talker, babbler. 

<J»n^ Be-hosh, a. p. Senseless, 
stupefied, intoxicated. 

tsA^t-? Be-boshi, s. f. p. Sense- 
lessness, stupidity, intoxication. 

jcJj*4- Bc-hech, a. v. For nothing, 
without reason. 

Y Pe, the third letter of the Per- 
sian alphabet, does not exist in the 
Arabic ; /being substituted for it in 
Persian words adopted into the Ara- 
bic. With h affixed it represents 
the aspirated p of the Debnagri al- 

Ij Pa, p. \. s. m. The leg, foot : 
See Pae. 2. part. act. (In comp.) 
Continuing, as Der-pi, Long-lasting 
or permanent. 

3i<>ji b Pa-andaz, s. m. p. A car- 
pet spread at the entrance of a room 
for cleaning the feet on. 

j^'^. ^J Pa-ba-zanjir, a. p. Fet- 
tered, in chains. 

<>^b Pa-band, p. \. s. m. A. rope 
with which the forefeet of a horse are 
tied. 2. a. Clogged, fettered. P. 
hond, V. n, (Met.) To be married. 

wj^^i Pa-bos, s. m. p. Kissing 
the feet, adoring, worshipping, re- 
vering. P. hond, V. n. To worship 
to reverence. 

j_j«jjb-Pa-bosi, .9./. P. Worship, 
reverence, adoration. P. karnd. To, 
worship, &c. 

b'j Pitpa, s. 'IV, H. A weevil, an 

insect bred in rice, 
jj'j Papar, s. m. s. A thin, crisp 
cake made of any grain of the pea 
kind. P. belnd. To undergo great 
labour or pain. 

tjjb Papra, *. m. s. A plant (Gar- 
denia latifolia). 
;(^S'ijjb Papra-khar, .9. m. s. Ashes 
of the plantain tree used for season- 
ing Papar, q. v. 

tj'^h Pa-posh, s. /. P. A slipper. 

8,>Ujb Pa-piyada, adv. p. On foot. 

ob Pat, s. m. s. 1. A leaf. 2. An 
ornament worn in the upper part of 
the ear. 3. A draught or check on 
a banker. 

N 'J 

( 100 

«jl3lj Pa-taba, s. m. p. A sock. 

j^^ Pathar, 8. m. s. A stone. 

See Patthar. 
^Ij Pati, *. /. 8. A letter, note, 

epistle ; a leaf. 
&lj Pat, s. m. H. 1 . Breadth (of 
cloth or of a river). 2. Tow. 

&Li P^t, s. m.s. 1. Silk. 2. A 
millstone. 3. A board, plank, shut- 
ter, flap ; a washerman's plank. (See 
Pata.) P. kirm, A silkworm. 

IjIj Pata, s. m. s. A plank on 
which washerman beat clothes. 

f^y^ Patuni, *. m. h. A ferry- 

A*Ulj Pa-jama, *. m, p. Trowsers, 
long drawers. 

,_^1j Paji, a. p. Mean. P. parast, 
a. A patroniser of mean upstarts. P. 
mizdj, a. Mean-spirited. 

djUi^b Paji-ana, adv. p. Meanly. 

UAAa.b Paji-pana, s. m. p. h. 

<^i^b Pachak, s. m. p. Cowdung 
dried for fuel. 

*4^Vj Pachh, s. m. h. Inoculation. 

Aa.lj Pacha, s. m. p. Sheep's foot, 

Ii4a.lj Pachhna, v. a. h. To ino- 

^,«^lj Pachhe, adv. s. See Pich- 


.^IJ Pad, s. m. s. A fart. P. mdr- 
nd. To fart. 

eA'^lj Padash, "\ 5. m. p. Reta- 

o^-il^b PadashtjJ liation, re- 
compense, retribution, reward. 

ci^Jl^b Pada-non, s. m. h. Black 
salt, prepared by melting common 
salt with a small proportion of My- 
robalans; it contains sulphur. 

jlj-sLj Pa-daraz, a. p. Contented, 

tranquil, at ease. 
j^j^^ Pad-zahr, s. m. p. The 

name of a medicine, expeller of 
poison (Bezoar stone). 

jfLi^b Padshah, *. m. v. See Bad- 

^^LAib Padshdhi, s. f. p. See 

lj.>lj Padna, v. n. %. To fart. 

j'j Par, s. m. s. The opposite 
bank or shore, adv. Over, across, on 
or to the other side, through, beyond . 
Par karnd, To ferry over, to cross ; 
to perforate, to transfix ; to finish ; 
to relieve ; to carry off. 

Ij^ Para, *. m. s. Quicksilver, 

*^j'j Parcha, s. m. p. A frag- 
ment, piece, scrap, rag, cloth, cloth- 

cr;lj Pars, s. m. p. Persia. 

L,j\j Parsa, a. v. Abstemious, 
chaste, watchful. 

JU«;b Par-sal, s. or adv. p. Last 

^^Ujb Parsa-i, s. f. p. Chastity, 
purity, abstinence. 

^-^ LTjlj Paras-pipal, s. m. s. A 
tree (Hibiscus populneoides). 

,_s*«jtj Parsi, s. m. s. p. A Per- 
sian ; the Persian language. 

,^*»)b Parsi, s. m. h. A Parsi or 

follower of Zoroaster. 
Jj^ Paral, s. m. s. Name of a 

plant (Bignonia chelonoides or B. 


IJ>Lj Parna, v. a. s. To finish, ac- 
jljj^j Par-war, adv. s. 1. On both 

sides of a river. 2. Quite through, 
through and through. 

^j;b Parwati, s.f. s. Durga, the 
wife of Siva or Mahudeb. 

^jlj Para, s. m. p. A strap, a slip, 
a piece, bit, fragment. Pdra-doz, 
s. m. A patcher ; a tent -maker or one 

( 101 ) 

who applies the leather parts in tents, 
pardas, &c. 

Ujb Parna, v. a. s. To let fall or 
throw down. 

lAjj'j Parha, s. m. s. A hog-deer, 
^fcj'j Pa-zahr, s. m. p. See Pad- 

cr-lj Pas, s. 1. postpos. At the 
side, near, about, at. 2. s. m. A 
rope, a noose. 

jj.\j Pas, *. m. V. \ . Guarding, 
taking care, respect, observance ; 
sake. 2. A watch or term of three 
hours. 3. A guard. Pds-i-khdtir, 
Attention to one's wishes. 

lo-lj Pasa, s. m. s. A die; a throw 
of dice. 

(ijU*«(j Pas-ban, s. m. f. p. A sen- 
tinal, watch, guard, shepherd. 

^Jb—b Pas-bani, s. /. p. Watch, 
guard, protection, keeping. 

4_^j|ixwb Pas-dan, s. f. p. Watch- 
ing, guardianship. 

»-^^b Pa-sang, s. m. p. A make- 
weight, something placed in one scale 
to balance the other, or on one side 
of a load to form an equipoise to the 
other side. 

j^b Pash, part. act. p. Sprink- 
ling, scattering. 

cA^u"';! Pash-pash, part. v. Shi- 
vered, scattered. 

«L«.Lib Pa-shikasta, a. p. Infirm, 

*^b Pashna, or Pashina, s. m. p. 
The heel. 

*i>^^^ Pd-shoya, s. m, p. Wash- 
ing of the feet. 

<^lj Pak, a. p. Pure, clean, holy. 

jl^b Pakbaz, a. p. Undefiled (ge- 
nerally applied to the mind), honest. 

iSj^^ Piikbazi, s. f. p. Purity 
(generally of mind). 

^j,xii<^S'L» Pak-daman, a. p. Chaste, 

pure, holy in life, 
jfb Pakar, "] 5. m. s. The 

Lij^b Pakariya,J citron-leaved 
Indian fig-tree (Ficus venosa). 

j_5*ijxwu^lj Pak'Sanrsi, s. f. h. A 
table-vice, a bench-vice. 

oU:^[j Pak-saf, c. p. a. Pure, 
clean, undefiled, unpolluted. 

IJ^b Pakna, v. n. s. To boil in 

LfS'b Pakha, s. m. n. A shed; any 
small building leaning against a wall. 
^r«^b Pakhar, s. f. h. Iron ar- 
mour for the defence of a horse or 

t/b Paki, s. f. p. Purity, clean- 
liness, sanctity. P. lend, v. a. To 
shave or pluck hairs from parts con- 

^Jy^^, Pakizagi, s. f. p. Clean- 
ness, neatness, purity, chastity,cha8te- 

^>^b Pakiza, a. p. Clean, neat, 
pure, chaste. P. gauhar, a. Of a 
pure nature. 

^Ij Pagur, s. m. h. Chewing the 
cud, rumination. 

lij^^j Pagurana, v. a. h. To 
chew the cud, &c. 

(J^J Pagal, s. m. H. A fool, idiot. 

Jb Pal, s. m. f. II. A sail ; a small 
tent ; layers of straw, leaves, &c., be- 
tween which unripe mangoes are 

31b Palii, s. m. s. 1. Frost, hoar- 
frost, snow. 2. Trust, charge. 

lyilb Palan, s. m. p. Packsaddles, 

^b Pillak, s. m. s. 1 . A kind of 
spinach. 2. A watchman, preserver. 

LSj^^i Pa-lakri, s. f. ii. Blocks 
of wood placed under the feet of a 
bed to raise it. 

( 102 ) 

^b Pdlki, s. f. H. A litter, a 

' sedan. P. sawdr, One who rides 
in a palki. P. nishin, Entitled to be 
carried in a palki (formerly this pri- 
vilege was granted by -a King or 

LJJLj Palna, v. a. s. To bring up, 
cherish, nourish, breed, educate. 

•-ti^lj Pa-lahang, s. m. p. A te- 
ther, a halter. 

^Ij Pali, s.f.n.A battle between 

birds or a place where birds fight- 
^'Ij Palez, s. f. p. A field of 

JL« Vj Pa-mal, a. v. Trodden on 
foot, ruined, destroyed. 

^JLob Pa-mali, s. f. v. Devasta- 
tion, ravage, ruin, the being beaten 
down by treading. 

(jujjob Pa-mardi,s./. p. Strength, 
resolution, valour. 

vylj Pan, s. m. s. Betel leaf (Pi- 
per Betel). 

'Jb Pana, v. a. s. To get, acquire, 
find, reach, overtake, accept, obtain. 
s. m. A plant growing in stagnant 

cwU Pant, s.f. s. Arovf, a rank ; 

a line (of writing), 
^^b Panjar, s. m. s. The ribs, 

the side ; a side or quarter, 
^b Panch, a. s. Five. 
^i_y*j(j P^nchwan, a. s. Fifth. 
tyliX'b Pan-dan, s. m. s. A box 

for holding Pan, q. v. 

(j«J\J Pans, s. m. h. Manure, a 
dunghill. P. hojdnd, v. n. To rot, to 
become mellow (land). 

L«»Jb Pansa, s. m. s. See Pasa. 

U-Jb Pansna, v. a. h. To ma- 

iSiiLj Pank, s. m. s. A bog, quag- 
mire ; mud, mire. 

tfib Panga, s. m. h. Culinary 

salt obtained from sea-sand. 
yb Panvv, *. in. v. Leg, foot. P. 
utamd, To be dislocated (the foot). 
P. uthdnd or chaldnd. To go quickly. 
p. nrdnd. To interfere unprofitably in 
any one's affairs. P. bafhdnd, 1. To 
take the lead among one's equals. 2. 
To desist from one's former courses. 
P. bharjdnd. Numbness of the feet, 
sleeping of the feet. Panw-panw, or 
Pdnon pdnon, a. On foot. P. par 
panw rakhnd. 1. To walk in the steps 
of another, to imitate or adopt the 
conduct of another, 2. To sit at 
ease or cross-legged. P. parnd, l.To 
in treat submissively. 2. To prevent 
one from going. P. pujnd, 1. To 
honour another. 2. 'I'o avoid an- 
other. P. phaildkar sond, (To sleep 
with expanded legs). To be in a state 
of perfect content and security. P. 
phaildnd, To insist, to be obstinate. 
p. pitnd, To stamp with impatience. 
P. phuk phuk rakhnd. To do any thing 
carefully. P. tale malnd, To give 
one pain, to annoy. P. torna, 1. To 
desist from visiting. 2. To visit very 
often. 3. To be tired. P. sdbit rakh- 
nd, To persevere firmly in a resolu- 
tion. P. jamdnd, To stand firmly. 
P. chal jdnd, To totter, to become 
unstable. P. chaldnd, see P. uthdnd. 
P. dho dho pind, (To drink the water 
with which one's feet are washed) de- 
notes perfect confidence. P. ddlnd, 
To prepare for and commence an un- 
dertaking. P. iignd, To slip. P. 
ragarnd, 1. To go {!bout foolishly and 
unprofitably. 2. To be in the agonies 
of death. P. zamin par na thaharnd, 
is used to express excessive joy. P. 
sond. To be numbed, to sleep (the 
foot). P. se pduw Idndhna, Tow2Ac\\ 
one close. P. se pavw bhirdnd, To 
be near. P. qdim karnd, 1 . To occu- 
py a fixed habitation. 2. To adopt a 

( 103 ) 

new resolution. P. kd angvthd, The 
great toe. P. hdmpnd, or tharthardnd. 
To fear to attempt any thing. P. kisi 
kd ukhdrnd, To move any person from 
his place, intention, or resolution. 
P. kisi kd gale menddlna, To convict 
one by his own arguments. P. ki 
ungli, A toe. P. gdrnd. To plant one's 
feet, to stand immoveable. P. lagnd. 
To make obeisance. P. nikdlnd, 1. 
To exceed one's proper limits. 2. To 
withdraw from an undertaking. 3. 
To be a ringleader in a criminal 
action. Dabe pdnw dnd. To come 
gently and unperceived as a spy. 

^j^ylj Panw-roti, s. f. s. A loaf 
" of bread ; bread made in the form 

of a loaf. 
\jy\^ Panvvra, s. in. s. See Pa- 

c)>JLj Panon, s. m. s. See Panw. 

^^'j Panhar, s. m. h. A kind of 

j^b Pani, s. m. s. 1. Water. 2. 
Lustre. 3. Sperm. P. bharnd. To 
confess inferiority. P. parnd, To 
rain. P. /j» pi kosnd. To curse ex- 
cessively, (i. e. till the throat being 
dry must be moistened by drinking). 
P. jdnd, 1. To be afflicted with Fluor 
albus. 2. To shed tears. 3. To be 
disgraced. P. chalnd, s. s. as P. jdnd, 
1. P. se patldkarnd, To abash, to 
put to shame. P. ka bulbuld, A bub- 
ble of water (indicates instability). 
P. kamd, 1. To abash. 2. To facili- 
tate. P. mama, v. n. 1. To dry up, 
to be evaporated. 2. To exhibit signs 
confirming a suspicion. P. men dg 
lagdnd. To revive a contention which 
had subsided. P. na mdngnd. To be 
slain with a single stroke, to die in- 

IjLwLj Paniyana, v. a. ii. To irri- 

jli Pao, *. m. s. A quarter, a 
fourth part. Fdw, see Panw. 

ifjb Paola, s. m. s. A quarter of 
any coin (as of a Rupee). 

cyb Paon, s. See Panw. 

Jjr> Pae, s. m. H. A peasant re- 
siding in one village and cultivating 
land belonging to another village. 

Ji^^ Pai, or Pain, *. /. s. A pice. 

^J^, Paf, or Pam, s. f. h. Pins 
used by weavers to wind off the warp 

Jlj Pde, s. m. p. The foot, the 
stand of a table, chair, &c. Pde 
hisdb Idnd, To settle accounts. Pde 
lagnd. To make obeisance by em- 
bracing the feet. See Pd'Qw lagnd. 

V^d^ Pa-yab, p. I.e. Within a 
man's depth, fordable. 2. s. m. A ford 

ts^Lib Pa-yabi, s. /. p. Quality of 
being fordable. 

u'j^ Pay an, s. m. p."\ End,com- 

j_,jblj Payani, «. /. p. J pletion, 

«>j-^iJb Pae-band, p. 1. a. Tied 
by the leg, fettered, captivated. 
(Met.) Encumbered with a family. 2. 
s. TO. Fetters. 

^jUlxjL) Pae-taba, *. m. p. A 
sock. See Pataba. 

oi^j'b Pae-tukht,*. m. p. a. The 
royal residence or place of general, 
residence of the royal family. 

vji^b Pae-turab, s. m. p. a. The 
first stage of a journey. 

*«^b Payath, *. m. h. A scaflFold. 

Ax)l«^ b Pae-jama, s. m. p. Draw- 
ers, trowsers. 

ajliJ^'b Pae-khana, s. m. p. A ne- 

jlAjJb Pae-dar, a. p. Firm, stea- 
dy, durable, permanent. 

(_5-;liJ^'lj Piie-dciri, *. /. p. Per- 
manence, durability. 


( 104 
p. A gin, ^ 


j»|ja{lj Pae-danij * 
spring, snare, noose. 

"rK^^ Pae-rikab, s. m. v. Reti- 
nue, train. 

>tj|j Paiz, s. p. Autumn. See 

^^Asr^lj Pae-zanjir, a. p. See 

»>ijlj Paiza, s. m. v. Trowsers. 

?>ijlj Pae-zih, *. m. p. A loop or 
slip-knot tied to the legs of falcons ; 
a staple. 

•r*i>ijlj P^e-zeb, *. /. p. An or- 
nament worn round the ankle by 

iSh\j Payik, s. m. s. A messen- 
ger, a harbinger. 

o^^^Jlj Pae-kasht, a. p. (Land) 
let out to non-resident tenants. 

lybjXjJIj Pae-kiiban, *. p. Beat- 
ing the feet in dancing. 

jjl^'ij Pae-gah, s.m. p. 1. Rank, 
dignity. 2. A stable. 

<Jij|j Payal, s. \. a. Sure-footed, 
easy-paced. 2. s. A bambu-ladder. 
Pdyil, s. f. An ornament for the foot 
or ankle. 

jUijb Pae-mal, a. p. See Pa- 
mal. P. karnd. To trample on, de- 
stroy, lay waste, ravage. 

^UjoL Pae-mali, s. f. v. See 

(S^.^*^^i Pae-mardi, s. f. v. See 

j/kJjjlj Pae-moz, s. m. p. A kind 
of pigeon. 

ertjij Pain, *. m. p. The lower 
part, the bottom, a. Lower, adv. Be- 
neath, under. 

c*JjVj Pa-yint, or Pa-inti, s. f. s. 
The foot of a bed. 

4^lj Paini, *. /. p. Inferiority, 

4jIj Paya, «. m. p. I. A step. 2. 

Rank, dignity. 3. The foot of a 
table, chair, &c. 

y^iSi Payiz, *. p. Autumn. 

IjAj Papra, s. m. s. A crust. 

t5jAJ Papri, s. /. s. 1. A scab, 
scale, scurf. 2. Scales formed by 
the drying up of moist earth. 3. 
Thin cakes of bread. 

^J^ Paprila, a. s. Scurfy. 

J^, Papni, s. f. H. The eyelash. 

l>^ Papaiya, s. m. ii. 1 . A tree and 
its fruit (Papaw or Carica papaya). 
2. A sort of child's whistle. 

l^^ Papiha, s. m. u. A. sparrow- 
hawk (Falco nisus). 

^J Pitt, s. m. s. Bile. 

li* Pitta, s. m. s. Bile, the gall- 
bladder. P. mdrnd, To subside (an- 
ger). P. nikdlnd, To chastise. 

lij Pata, s. m. h. A sign, mark, 
symptom, hint, direction, address. 

^i Patta, s. m. s. A leaf, a trinket. 
P. hond, To run away. 

I^llj Pataka, s. f. s. A standard, 
a flag. 

J«=^^j Pat-jhar, s. h. 1. a. With- 
out leaves. P. hond, To lose its 
leaves in autumn (a tree). (Met.) To 
decay from old age. 2.- s. m. The fall 
of the leaf, autumn. 

^ Pattar, s. in. s. A leaf; a 
letter ; a deed (in writing) ; a plate or 
clamp of metal. 

Lr^ Patra, s. m. s. An almanack. 

4^i/ij Pitrai, s. m. s. A kinsman, 
a paternal relation from three gene- 
rations, s.f. Verdigris. 

l^i/ij Patiinga, s. m. a. A bird 
(Merops veridis). 

^ Patla, a. H. Fine, thin (cloth 
or liquids) ; lean, meagre, delicate^ 

^ Putla, *. m. s. An idol, image- 

{ 105 ) 

OIUj Pitlana, v- n. s. To be con- 
taminated with verdigris. 

^^jJUj Patlai, *. /. H. Thinness, 
fineness, meagreness, weakness. 

^ij Putli, s. f. s. 1. Tlie pupil 
of the eye. 2. The frog of a horse's 
foot. 3. An image, puppet, idol. 
Futli kd tdrd karnd. To honour 
as the apple of the eye. 

•-^ij Pataui;, s. m. H. see /♦fiJ. 
t-^j Patau g, s. in. s. A moth ; a 

child's kite. 

^issj Patanga, s. m. h. A spark. 
P. hond. To go quickly about a busi- 

ItvL Patanga, s. m. s. A moth. 

^!>ij Patwar, ^ s.f. h. A rudder^ 

Jlyj Patwal, J hehn. 

hh Piitoh, '\s.f. s. Daughter- 

j^j^i Patohii, J in-law, son's wife. 

j^i-i Patthar, s. m. s. A stone. 
P. pdni hoj'ind, 1. The melting of a 
stony heart. 2. A difficult task to 
be facilitated. P. pasijnd, To be 
softened or melted (a stony heart). 
P. chhdti par rakhnd, To be patient 
by compulsion or from being without 
remedy. P. sd phenk mdrnd, To re- 
ply rashly without understanding the 
question. P. se sir phornd or mdrnd, 
To teach or instruct a fool. P. hoiid^ 
1. To be heavy. 2. To be stable or 
standstill. 3. To be uumerciful, ^ 

'^Lr*^ Pathrana, v. n. s. To be 
petrified, to become hard. 

(^jhyi^ Patthar-ba/j', s. f. s. p. 
Slone- throwing. 

^)^j^ Patthar-phor, s. m. s. A 

wood- pecker. 

^"i-jr*^ Patthar-cliata, s. 1. «. m. 
Name of a sort of greens ; also of a 
serpent, and of a tish ; a skinHint. 2. 
a. One attached to his own liouse, 
who remains there even in distress. 

j^^#ij Patthar-chur, *. m. s. 
Name of a plant (Plectranthus aro- 

^f^ Patthai'-kala, s. s. A fire- 

kSj^H Piitthri, s. /. s. 1. Grit, 
gravel. 2. The flint of a musket. 3. 
Stone in the bladder. 4. A gizzard. 

^«ij Patthrila, a. m. s. Stony. 

^^Aj Pcitti, s. /. s. A leaf. 

LjJ'j Pitiya, s. m. s. A paternal 
uncle, father's brother. 

(_£;-iij Patiri, s. f. s. A kind of 

cUSj Patil, a. ii. Tliin, fine. 

cUij Patil, s. m. p. A match for 
a lamp, link-stock, candle-wick. 

^ij Patila, s. m. h. A pan, a pot. 

jj-. JjjIj Patil-soz, *. /. p. The 
stand or support of a lamp. 

Uj Pata, s. m. h. 1. A foil, a 
wooden scimitar for cudgelling with. 
Pate-bdz, A fencer ; (met.)A coquette, 
a strumpet. Paid kdtnd. To dis- 
charge from service. 

l*j Patta, s. m. s. A deed, par- 
ticularly a title-deed to land or a 
deed of lease. 

l^lij Patakha, s. m. ii. A cracker, 
a squib. 

b^ Pitara, s. m. s. A large bas- 
ket, poitmanteau. 

iSj^j Pi^ari, s.f. s. 1. A small 
basket, portmanteau. 2. A weevil, 
an insect bred in rice, &c. 

1^ Patra, s. m. s. 1. A plank ; a 
plank on which a washerman beats 
clothes. 2. Unripe grain (Cicer arieli- 

iS^i Patri, *. /. s. A board to' 
write on ; a narrow board ; a vane of 
a Venetian window. 

^J Patka, s. m. s. A cloth worn 
round the waist, a girdle. Zari pr^d 

( 106 ) 



yv. a. 

a, J 

The Rolden pirdle (an ensijjn con- 
ferred by the Peshwa on his tfcnerals). 

Pntkd bandltd, To <;ird up the loins, 

to determine on. or prepare for any 

act. P. pukarna. To hinder, to 

IJ^J Patiiknaj'r. a. s. To ckish 

against any thing, to throw on [the 

ground with violence, to knock. 

Patkd jdnd, To fall from one's_ rank 

or estimation, 
[jji^j'\S3j Putkaiii dena, 
liui^i-u Patki dena 

To dash on the ground, to throw 

against anything with violence. 
^J Pitna, V. n. s. To be beaten, 
lyj Patua, *. m. s. A man who 

strings pearls, a braider, a maker of 

fringe and tape. 
I^j Patua, s. m. h. Tow made 

from the Hibiscus cannabinus. 
j»yj Patwar, Is. m. h. One 
Lfj'yi Patwari, J who keeps ac- 
" count of lands ; a land steward. 
I<ryj Patuka, s. m. s. See Patka. 
ijAi Patauni, s. m. h. A ferry- 
j^j Pattij *•/• H. 1. A bandage, 
a fillet. 2 A quarter of a place. 3- 

The side pieces of the frame of a 

bedstead. 4. A rosv. 5. A kind of 
sweetmeat. 6. Division of the hair 

in the middle. 

XIj Patela. or Pataila, s. m. h. 1. 

A kind of flat-bottomed boat. 2. A 

log or beam used to roll or harrow ' .,.'.,, . mi 

* , U>.s^ Pichakna, v. n. h. To be 

ground. " ' 

^J4i. P'lteli, s. f. H. Dimin. of 
Patelii, q. v. 

Ijlss^ Pujana, v. a, s. To cause to 

ij\si Pujawa, *. m. p. A brick- 

h\jsi Pujwana, v. a. s. To cause 
to worship. 

^, Pach. s. (In comp.) Five. 
IJJ15 ^i Pacha dahia, v. a, h. 11. 

To digest, to rot. 
l;I^v Puchiira, *. m. h. 1. A thin 

coat of clay for laying on a wall. 2. 

The sponge of a gun. P. phervd, To 
sponge a gun. P. dena, To lay a 

thin coat of clay on the walls of a 

house ; to whitewash a wall. 
^_^'■^v Pachas, a. s. Fifty. 

-.U:^ Pachasi, a. s. Eiglity-five. 
lj[s.J Pachana, v. a. s. To digest, 

to ferment. 
'—y^- Pachanauwe, a. s. Ninety- 
jpj ^ Pachpach, s. m. h. The 

uoise made by walking in damp 

la-AsrJ Pichpicha, a. h. Flabby, 

water}', clammy. 
IJbc^ Pachpachana, v. n. u. To 

be damp or wet ; to sweat. 
^^^if^' Pach pan, a. s. Fifty-five. 
IJli^v Pachtana, v. n. h. See 

j^, Pachchar, s. f. h. A wedge. 

P. mdrnd, To tease, harass, distress. 

^^ Pichukka, s. m. h. A squirt. 
ij^%^ Puchkara, s. m. h. See 

^_ff^^^. Pichkari, s. f. h. A squirt. 

b^si Pichkana, v. a. h. To 
squeeze, press together, shrivel, wrin- 
kle, burst. 

squeezed, shrivelled, &c. r. ,t. 
\xs^. Pachna, v. n. s. 1. To be 
digested. 2. To rot. 3. To be con- 
sumed ; to lake pains, to labour. 

^)^- Pachiika, s. m. h. A. squirt, 

jl-6-?v Pachhar, s. /. s. Winnow- 


( lo; 

i_sj^4t^i Pichhari, s. /. s. I . The 
rear. 2. The ropes by which a horse's 
hind legs are tied. P. mdrnci. To 
attack in the rear. 

cjU^- Pachhan, s. 7n. s. West. 

UJL^sr! Pichliaiiua, v. a. s. See 

[jll^i Pachhtaim, v. «. s. To re- 
gret, to repent. 

Ijli^ Pachhtawa, S. m. S. Re- 
gret, penitence, [five. 

jH!^- Pachhattar, a. s. Seventy- 

^Lga^ Pichhla, a. s. Hiiidermost, 
latter, last, modern. F.pdnw hatnd. 
To withdraw from one's aoreement. 

IJ^U^ Pichhalna. i;. w. s. To slip, 
to slide. 

*<is.J Pachchham, or Pachchhim, 
s. m. 8. West. 

Ia«3^ Pachhna, s. m. h. The act ■ 
of scarifying (tattooing); inoculation ; 
a scarificator. 

ty-i'^ Pachhni, s. f. ii. Scarify- 
ing (tattooing). 

t^'^*^ Picliliwara, .s. m. s. The 
rear, the back part. a. Hinder, in the 

\jjyi^. Pachhorna, v. a. s. To 
winnow with a basket. 

^'^^'^ Puchhwaiya, *. m. s. An 

j_j^ Pachcln, a. ii. 1. Adherent, 
joined. 2. (In mu!>ic) in unison. P. 
Itond, To be stuck together (as with 
ghie) ; to be in unison ; to be strong- 
ly attached by love. 

u»>,^ Pacliis, a. s. Twenty- five. 
^jH^ Pachisi, s. f. s. A game 
j)layed with kauris instead of dice, 
and so named from the highest throw, 
which is 25. 
iS^^iS^- Pachchi-kan, s. f. u. 1. 
Mosaick. 2- Patching or darning of 
damaged cloth. 

o 2 


Jl^ Pakhal, .?./. s. See Pakhal. 

iS/^- Piikhtari, s.f. p. 1. Cakes 
(or bread) which are laid over dishes 
when bringing to table, and under 
which the rceal is kept warm. 2. 
Cakes imbued with clarified butter 
from being laid over certain greasy 
dishes, such as Dopiyaza, &c. (These 
cakes are very soft and savoury ; 
whence) Mama pukhtariydn khdnd. 
To eat jiukhtari cakes prepared by 
his mother, is applied to a person 
accustomed to luxury and incapable 
of labour or fatigue. 

i^/-^- Pukhtagij .9. /. p. Ripe- 
ness, the being cooked, maturity; 

*j^ Pukhta, fl. p. 1. Dres.«!ed, 
cooked. 2. Baked (as bricks), made 
of brick. 3. Ripe. 4. Sly, knowing, 
wise, firm, strong (See Pakka). P. 
karnd, To make strong. 

Jii^ Pakhsh, a. i'. 1. Pressed 
with the foot. 2. Extended, drawn 

^'i-j Padcir, or Pidar, s. m. p. A 

AJIjii-j Pidar- ilna, a. v. Father-like, 

iSj'H Pidari, a. p. Paternal. 

Lfj'^v Pii^'"ij ''^' f' "• A tom-tit. 

f«>>j Padam, s. m. s. I. The Lotus 
(Nclumbuim speciosum). 2. Ten 
billions (according to the Shastra), or 
one thousand billions (according to 
the Dastur-ul anial or Royal Ordi- 
nances of Akbar). 

«^j<io Padid, n. v. Open, publick, 

clear, evi lent, manifest, conspicuous, 

^j^j Pazir, part. p. (In comp.) 

Taking, receiving, admitting ; beinjf 

possessed of or endowed with. 
I^^J Pazird, ^, a. f. Acceptable, 
Jiji^. Pazira,J agreeable. 

( 108 ) 

jj Par, s. 1. adv. uud conj. Over, 

. above, through, at, after, by, for, of; 
but. 2. jirep (for U'par) On, upon, 
at, notwithstanding. 3. Pari, (In 
couip ) About, around, round about, 
entirely. 4. Pra, (In comp.) Forth, 
for, forward ; off, abroad, away. 

j^ Par, *. m. p. A feather, quill, 
wing. P. tutnd, or P. jalnd. To be 
without power or ability. P.jhdrnd, 
or P. girdnd, 1. To i)repare to fly. 
2. To get new feathers after moult- 
ing. P. nikdlnd, To display on ac- 
quiring power those qualities which 
remained concealed in poverty or in 
a low station. 
^ Pur, a. p. Full, complete, 

loaded, charged. 
^ Pur, «. 7?i. s. A city, a town 
(as Nag-pur, &c.). 

crj/j Paras, *. in. s. 1. The name 
of a tree (Butea frondosa). 2. Oakum 
made of its bark. 

^JlLi\JJ Par-afshani, S. f. p. Ex- 
pansion or shaking of the wings. 

«-^i;j Pr%, s. in. s. The ancient 
name of Allahabad. 

ty^'ji Paragandagi, s. f. p. Dis- 

^'^•"i/J Paraganda, a. p. Dispers- 
ed, scattered, distracted. 

IJl/J Purana, s. 1. a. Old. 2. v. a. 
To fill. 

^^ji Pirana, v. n. s. To have pain, 
to be painful. 

'^I^ Paraicha, (plur. of Parcha,) 
p. Shreds, bits of cloth, &c. 

^bi^ Parparana, v. n. H. To 
smart. [mony. 

'^^'^jiH Parparahat, s.f. h. Acri- 

Ij^ Parla, s. m. h. A reel. 

(Jijj Partal, *. /. h. The baggage 
of a horseman carried all on one 
bullock or tattii. P. kdtattu, A pack- 
horse, a bat-horse. 

^jj Partala, *. m.u. A swordbelt. 

yjj Partau, *. m. p. Light, beams 
of the sun or moon, rays. 

f*^j^. Parcham, s. p. A flag or 
military ensign of horse-hair; an 
ornament of hair carried on a spear, 
flag, &c. ; a tassel. 

iJj^Ji Parchiini, *. /. h. The 
selling of flour, meal, &c. 

Ui^^ Parchuniya, s. m. h. A 
meal merchant. 

Aa.^j Parcha, s. m. p. See '^j^ 

^LL^ Parkhash, s. in. p. War, 
battle, conflict, altercation, commo- 
tion, disturbance, tumult, violence, 
injury, oppression, severe inquisition. 

1^^ Parda, s. in. p. See »v>^. 

<.i-i.'0;j Pardakht, 5./. p. Perform- 
ance, patronising, relinquishment. 

Ij>l.>;j Par-dada, s. m. h. A great- 
grandfather by the father's side. 

jii;j Pardaz, part. act. p. Per- 
forming, finishing, completing ; per- 
forming in musick. 

G!^ Pardana, v. a. v. h. To 
keep behind a screen, to conceal. 

^:>j^. Pardagi, *. /. p. A modest 
chaste woman ; one who is confined at 

J5^ Parda, *. m. v. 1. A curtain^ 
a screen ; secrecy, ])rivacy, modesty. 
2. A musical tone. P. parda dekhnd, 
To pry, or inquire secretly into 
any matter. P. parda karnd. To do 
any thing secretly or privately. P. 
ch/iornd. To let fall a curtain, to 
lay aside concealment. P. rukhnd, 
To give obscure hints or to relate a 
matter in such terms as to be under- 
stood in part only by the hearers. 
P. karnd. To conceal. P. kisi kd 
phdrnd, or kholnd, To reveal the faults 
of another. P. men surdkh karnd, To 
indulge secretly in licentious prac- 
tices (a woman). 

( 109 ) 

LT'ji^^j^ Pavda-posh, a. p. Keep- 
ing a secret. 

(j^^i »<tr^ Parda-poshi, *. /. p. The 
act of concealing a blemish. 

^I^2^J Parda-dar, a. p. Confi- 

)i XijJ Parda-dar, s. m. p. A be- 
trayer of secrets. 

iSj^ 2$^ Parda-dari, s. f. v. The 
betraying of secrets. 

ij>^ ^^ji Parda-fash, a. p. Betray- 
ing secrets. 

^^j-ij isj^j Parda-nishin, a. p. Re- 
maining behind the curtain, modest. 

Z)j^ Purza, s. m. p. A scrap (of 
paper, &c.), piece, bit, rag, frippery ; 
the nap of cloth or the down of birds. 
Purze hond. To be severely wounded 
in battle. 

t/yj PurSj part. p. (In comp.) 

l«»;j Pursa, *. m. p. See ""-Vv* 

l*^ Pursa, a. s. Of man's height. 
s. The extent of a man's reach in 
height when extending the arms and 
fingers ; a fathom. 

Jl— ^ Par-sal, adv. p. Last year. 

c^L-i/j Pursan, part. p. (In comp.) 
Asking, inquiring, inquirer, in- 

'.::-*i^j Parast, part. p. (In comp.) 

Adorer, worshipper, devoted to ; as 
A'tash-parast, A fire-worshipper. 

jLi-a^j Parastar, s. m. p. 1. An 
adorer. 2. A slave. 

cjlJ^jJ Pari-stan, s. m. p. Fairy- 

(_ri-vJ Parastish, s. f. p. Wor- 
ship, devotion. 

al^jjiJuo^ Parastish-gah, s. f. v. 
Place of worship. 

^J•^^Ji Parasti, p. (In comp.) 
Worship, adoration. 

I (J^i Pursish, s. f. p. Inquiry 
(after health, &c.), interrogation, 
lj-«r^ Parasna, v. a. p. h. To 

(•ll?r.^ Parsuram, n. prop. s. The 
sixth Avatar of Vishnu. 

^J^^t. P'^r^'on, adv. s. The day 
before yesterday; or, the day after 

^jj Pursa, s. m. p. Condolence, 
visiting of the sick. 

^r^ Parsiy^, *. m. h. A reaping- 
hook, a sickle. 

ejLi^U^j Parisiyawushan, s. m. p. 
The herb Maiden-hair (Pteris lunu- 

Jj*^Ji Pur-shaur, a. p. a. Wise. 

^1^ Parkaj, s. m. s. The business 
or interest of another. 

t5^'^j Parkaji, a. s. Attentive to 
the business, &c. of others, serving 

jl^J Parkar, s. f. p. See Pargar. 

j^j^ Purkar, «. p. 1 . Thick, coarse, 
fat. 2. Well executed, well made or 

(^)^Ji Purkari, s. f. p. Thickness, 
&c. V. s. 

*^(0^ Parkala, s. m.v. I. A spark. 
2. A pane of glass. 

d^j^ Parkan, s. m. h. A trun- 

lJl.sS^ Parkliana, v. a. s. To cause 
to inspect, &c. See Parakhna. 

^J^J^^ Parkhai, s.f. s. The act of 
examining ; the price paid for exami- 
nation, &c. 

^ji Parakhna, v. a s. To in- 
spect, examine, prove, try. 

^t^ji Parakhaiya, *. m. s. An in- 
spector, examiner, prover. 

*^iO^ Pur-kina, a. v. Malicious, 

( 110 ) 


i^jj Pargiir, s. f. v. A pair of 

LS)^^ji Pargari, s. f. p. Work done 
with compasses. 

t>\tj^ Pargali, s. f. p. A worthless 
thinf;, a stalk- 

AJ^ Pargana, s. m. p. An infe- 
rior division of a country (less than a 
Zila) nearlj' equal to a barony. 
j\^8sSjj Pargana-dar, s. m. v. The 

superior officer of a Pargana. 
^jj Pur-go, a. P. Talkative. 

<Sj4ji Pargiri, s.f.p. An Ortolan 
(a species of Alauda.) 

^ Parla, a. h. Of the other side. 

jJ:>o.j Parmeo, s. m. s. A gonor- 
rhoea, a clap, gleet. 

^♦J Parnala, s. m.'^ 

drain, conduit. 

Ijlj^ Par-nana, s. m. h. A great 
grandfather by the mother's side. 

'^ji Parand, a. p. Flying, winged, 
fleet, s. m. A bird. P. hojdnd, v. n. To 
move with great rapidity. 

idjjj Vnmndii, pari. act. p. Flying. 

s. m. A bird. 
ij/J Puraniya, or Purainiya, 5. m. 
H . The district and town of Purneah 
in Bengal. 

^^ji Parniyan, s. m. p. A kind 
of fine painted silk. 

U^ Parwa, 5./.P. l.Care, concern, 
anxiety, vexation. 2. Fear, terror. 
3. Inclination, affection, concupis- 
cence, desire. 4. Rest, quiet. 

yjijj Parw^/, *. /. p. Flying, flight. 

P. kamd , To fly. 
J^jj^ Parwal, s.m.u. A disease of 

the eyelids in which the eyelashes fall, 

a stye or sty i he. 

ly'jL^J Parwan, .v. h. The yard of a 
sail. P. chorhnd, To grow up. 

Ulj^ Purwana. v. a. s. To cause 
to fill. 

^\s^ljjj Parwan a-j at, s.{pl. o/Par- 
wana), P. Orders ; licences, passes, &c. 

ij^^Jji Par\vana-gi, s.f. p. Com- 

" mand, order, permission. 

Ajljj^ Parvvdna, s. m. p. 1. An or- 
der, pass, licence, leave, command, 
precept, warrant. 2. A butterfly, a 
moth. P.kisi kd hond. To be des- 
perately enamoured with any one. 

i^jjj Parwah, s.f. p. See ij^. 

tyltrJ Parwai, a.p. One who stands 

' in need of, necessitated, having oc- 
casion for. 

;j>^Parwar, /?ar^. act. and pass. p. 
(In comp.) A patron, protector, 
nourisher, cherisher ; educated, che- 

JJj^, Parwar, s. m. s. A kind of 
gourd (Trichosantbes dioica). 

j^'ijjji Parwardi-gar, s. m. s. An 
epithet of the Deity, Nourisher of all. 

i>j}^ Parward, \p. I. a. Bred, 

»o,'j>^J Parwarda,/ reared, brought 
up, nourished. 2. s. A slave. 

iJ'Jjj^. Parwarish, s.f. p. Breeding, 
nourishment, maintenance, fostering, 
rearing, patronising, education, j)ro- 

crJ^:» Paros, s. m. s. A^icinity. 

^^JJ^, Parosi, s. m. s. A neigh- 

^jjj Pirona, or Parona, v. a.ii. To 
thread (a needle i, to string (pearls). 

U^j Paroha, s. m. s. A bucket for 
drawing water. 

bj^ Purwaiya, .s-. /. s. Easterly 

Jr'Jji Parwiz, n. prop. p. A prince, 
the lover of Shirin, celebrated in ro- 

iiyilri Parwin, s. m. p. The Pleia- 


( IH ) 


jAjj Pnihar, s. ^. «. See Pahar. 
3**^ Parhez, s. ni. p. Abstinence, 
forbearance, continence, control of the 
passions, as Badi-parhez, Abstaininor 
from evil. P- karnd. To control one's 
passions ; to abstain from; to observe 
a rejjimen. 

jifjjui^ Parhez-gar, a. and s. p. 
Abstinent, &c. ; one who controls his 

^j.j[f)jjk^,j Parhez-gan, *. /. p. Ab- 
stinence, &c. See Parhez. 

(syttTi Parhezi, a. p. 1. Fit for a 
person under a regimen. 2. See Par- 

^—jJi Pare, adv. s. Beyond, yon- 
der, far off. 

iS/j Pari, s. f. p. A fairy. P. pai- 
kar, p. ehihra, P. rukhsdr, P. ru, a 
Fairy-faced, angelic. 

(Sji> Puri, s. f. P. Fulness, reple- 

*-^^.ji Prayagj ^" pfop- s. The 
city of Allahabad. 

^iji Pareta, *. m. h. A reel (for 
winding yarn). 

liiJ^j Paretna, v. a. h. To reel. v. s. 

^'y^iSji Pari-khwan, s. m. p. A 
magician, one who holds the fairies 
and genii in subjection. 

J^^i^ji Pari-dar, a. p. One pos- 
sessed by fairies or demons ; or one 
who commands them. 

^"^■Ji Parida, part. pass. p. Flown. 

•5'3 iSj^ Pari-zad, a. p. Fairy-born, 
a fairy. 

<^^!ji Pareshan, a. p. Dispersed, 
perplexed, confused, dishevelled, ruin- 
ed ; distressed, wretched. P. hdl. Dis- 
tressed in condition. P. dili, s. f. 
Trouble of mind. P. kalmd, To talk 
foolishly from absence of mind. P. 
yni, s-f. Confused or absurd talk. 

iJ^ji Pareshani, 5./. p. Disper- 

sion, confusion ; distress, perplexity, 

liljljj Para-pana, v. a. s. To find 
or get easily, 

liljj Parana, ik a. s. 1. To lay 
down, to put to sleep : 2. To cull, 
pluck, gather. 

IJIjJJJ Parparana, v. n. h. I. To 
prattle, to chatter. 2. To throb with 
pain (as the tongue from an acid sub- 

tilai.jj Par-jana, v. n. s. To lie 
down, to repose, to cease, to abate. 

(jjj Parna,?;. n. s. To fall, lie down, 
repose, encamp, to be confined to bed 
by sickness, to drop, befall, happen. 

crjJJ Paros, s. m. s. Neighbour- 

iir^Jji Parosin, 5. /. s. A female 

iS^'Ji Parosi, s. m. s. A male 

•jjjjjj Pirwana, v. a. s. To cause to 
press, squeeze or pound. 

lAjj Parha, part. pass. s. Read, 
learned, of much reading. 

IJ^AjJ Parhana, v. a. s. To cause 
or teach to read, to instruct, to teach, 
to teach to sing or speak (as birds). 

ey*jj Parhin, *. /. h. A mullet. 

Li^jJ Parhna, v. a. s. To read, re- 
peat, say, speak. 
JJ Paz, part. p. (In conip.) Cook- 
ing, baking. 

lji>J Pazawa, 5. /. p. A brick-kiln. 
(j^-ir^yi Pazhmurdagi, s./. p. The 
state of being withered. 

2$^^ Pazhmurda, part. pass. v. 

Withered, faded, decayed, pallid, 

(j»j Pas, adi). p. After, behind, at 

length, then, therefore, finally. 
^ Pasii, s. m. s. See Anjla. 


( 112 ) 

vl-j Pisab, *. m. s. Pissing. 
l;Lo Pasiira, s. m. s. Expansion, 

spreading; out. P. karnd. To procras- 
Ijjl-j Pasarna, v. a. s. To spread, 

distend, stretch out, expand. 
iSjL^ Pasari, s. m. s. One who 

sells spices, a druggist. 
jljj.0 Pas-az, p. After, 
c^l—j Pisan, *. m. s. Meal, flour. 
IjI-j Pisana, v. a. s. To reduce to 

meal, to grind. 
y,Xi\^j^ Pas-andaz, p. Savings, 

something laid up to provide for old 

age, &c. 

^t-j Pisai, s. f. s. Price paid for 

(j^ L~j Pas-pa bona, v. n. p. h. 1. 

To decline. 2. To fall in the rear, to 

slink behind, to retreat, to flee, to 

desist from. 
^^.u^ Puspiit, s. m. s. Adopted 

son. P. karnd. To adopt. 
•iS*-J Past, a. p. Low, abject, 

lower, below. Past obuland dekhnd, 

To consider and take precautions 

against the vicissitudes of fortune. 
cjLi-j Pistan, *. m. p. Breasts, 

pap or dug. 
o_^ o^ Past-fitrat, a. p. a. Of 

inferior understanding. 
4i^ Pista, s. m. p. A pistachio 

o-**«i— .J Past-himmat, a. p. a. 

Unambitious. [ness. 

^i-«j Pasti, 5./. p. Inferiority,low- 

i'c5^^ Pista-i rang, s. m. p. 

t'ijj^u^^. Pas-khurda, s. m. p. 

^r-^ Pisar, or Pusar,5. m. p. A boy, 

son, child, 
'•^lir^ Pisar-zada, s. m. p. A 


i^\y^j^ Pisar- khwanda, *. m. p. 
An adopted son. 

^oJ]j->.j^ Pisar-khwandagi, s. f. 
p. Adoption. 

^.r*^ Pasarna, r. n. s. To be spread, 
stretched out, expanded. 

j;crJ Pas-rau, *. m. p. A follower, 
dependants, train, equipage. 

iSjj t-rJ Pas-raui, s. f. p. Follow- 

J^la«j Pistol, s. Port. A pistol. 

*^^u^ Pas-ghaibat, ado. p. a. 
In one's absence. 

■^u^ Pas-qadd, *. p. a. A dwarf. 

d^u^i Pas-kash, s. m. p. Recoil. 

t^jA-J Pasli, s. f. s. A rib, the prae- 
cordia. P. pharakni, A thrilling over 
the ribs, applied to the perception 
of the condition of an absent person. 

j!i>JU(j»j Pas-manda, pai't. (used 
subst.) p. A remaining person, a sur- 

LJu-j Pisna, v. w. s. 1. To be re- 
duced to meal, to be ground. 2. To 
be ruined or distressed. (Met.) To be 
desperately in love. 

«^i-j Pasand, s. f. p. Choice, ap- 

j(<ij<^i-«j Pasandida, a. p. Chosen, 
approved of, agreed to. 

(^^w Pasanga, s. m. p. See Pa- 

_^j Pissu, s. m. u. A flea. 

iJ^.)u^ Pas-o-pesh, s. m. p. 
Evasion, prevarication. P. karnd, v. a. 
To prevaricate. 

L^^J Pasujna, v. a, h. To stitch. 

'^^^ Pasijna, v. ii. s. To per- 
spire, sweat, melt; to compassionate. 

(i^i-o Pasin, a. p. Last, posterior. 

LvA-^ Pasina, *. m. s. Perspiration, 

v^ Pishab, s. m. s. Urine. 

Pusht, s. f. p. \. Back. 2. 


( 113 ) 


Progenitors, ancestry, a generation 
of progenitors. 3. A prop, second, 
assistant. P. ba pusht, Generation by 
generation. P. par kisi hi rahnd, (To 
back one), To support steadily. P.-i- 
dast kisi par mama or P.-i-pd mdr- 
nd. To reject, to abandon. P. dend (To 
turn one's back). To flee, to run away. 

XjULSij Pusht-ara, s. m. p. A load 
borne on the back. 

bcJLj Pusht-i-pa, s. f. p. The 

yii^cJLj Pusht-panw, *. m. p. s. 
The instep ; an inflammation or phleg- 
mon on the upper surface of the 

jstijcJij Pusht-paiiah, s. m. p. An 
ally, supporter. 

^i.o-ikJ Pusht-khaiiij a. p. Hump- 

f,i>3^zJLi Pusht-i-qadam, p. The 
top of the foot, the instep. 

•^Aiikj Pushtak, s. p. A vice in 
horses, plunging and kicking up be- 

*i«j Pushta, s. m. p. A buttress, a 
prop; bank, dike, quay, hill, eminence, 
heap. P. bandi, s.f. Embankment. 

j^^ Pushti, s. m. P. 1. Support, 
a prop; alliance, aid. 2. The cover of 
a book. P. kamd, To support, assist, 
second, back. 

ejb,yLio Pushti-ban, s. m. p. An 
ally, a supporter. 

ty'^t5^ Pushti-bani, s.f. p. Sup- 
port, alliance, aid. 

J^J Pishkil, s. m. v. The orbi- 
cular dung of sheep, deer, &c. 

^♦^ Pashm, s. /. p. J . Wool, hair, 
a thing of no moment. 2. The Pubes. 
P. par mdrnd. To be perfectly con- 
tented and independent, to despise, to 
disregard. P. samajhnd. To despise. 
P. na ukhafnd, To suffer nothing from 
the enmity of another ; not a hair of 

the head to be touched (spoken in 

^Pashmf, 1«. p. Woollen. 

e^jj^j Pashmm,J 

*^*^ Pashmina, a. p. Woollen, 
woollen goods. [waz. 

jl^ Pishwaz, s.f. p. See Pesh- 

*^ Pnshsha, s. m. p. A gnat. 

vijUxij Pasheman, a. p. Penitent, 
ashamed, abashed, disgraced. 

j^Uxiu Pashemani, s.f. p. Repent- 
ance, regret, shame. 

i^j Pik, s. f. s. A bird, black 
cuckoo (Cuculus Indicus). 

^1 Pakka, a. s. 1. Ripe. 2. Boiled, 
dressed, not raw, cooked, baked (as 
bricks). 3. Cunning, knowing, ex- 
perienced, proved. P. Jearnd, To es- 
tablish a claim, agreement or composi- 
tion so that no doubt or subject of dis- 
pute may remain. 

j'^j Pukar, s. f. h. Bawl, calling 
out loud. P. dend, v. a. To proclaim 
publicly, to call. 

Ijj^ Pukarna, v. a. h. To call 

aloud, bawl, cry out. 
Ij^; Pakana, v. a. s. To ripen, to 

dress victuals, to cook. 
J^; Pakao, s. m. s. Suppuration. 
^^ Pakai, s.f. h. Ripeness, 
j-^ Pakar, s. f. h. The act of 

seizing, seizure, capture ; objection. 
Uij^j Pakrana, v. a. h. 1. To cause 

to be caught, seized, or laid hold of. 

2. To deliver over, give in charge. 
Ijjfl Pakarna, v. a. ri. To catch, 

lay hold of, seize, apprehend. 
^bj^ Pakarwiina, v. a. h. To cause 

to be apprehended. 

^ Pakla, s. m. u. A sore be- 
tween the toes produced by moisture. 

IJ^ Pakiiii, V. n. s. To be dressed 
or cooked, to ripen ; to suppurate ; to 
turn grey (hairs). 


( 114 ) 


ciiyo Pakwaii, s. m. s. Svveat- 
meats, victuals fried in butter or oil. 

Ui^ Pakvvana, v. a. s. To cause 
to be dressed or cooked ; to cause to 

^J\^ Pakwai, s. f. s. Price paid 
for cooking. 

Ijj^ Pakor-a, s. m. -i, s.f. s. A 
kind of dish made of pease-meal. 

Jl*f> Pakhal, s. f. s. A large 
leather bag for holding water, gene- 
rally carried on bullocks. 

^jl^io Pakhawaj, s. f. h. A kind 
of drum, a timbrel. 

^1^^ Pukhraj, *. m. h. A topaz. 

^jj^ Pakhrauta, s. m. h. A bit 
of gold or silver leaf covering a 
Bird, or mouthful of Betel. 

(SJ^ Pakhri, s. f. h. A flower- 
leaf or petal. 

i^ Pagah, *. /. p. Dawn of day, 
morning twilight. 

Ji»'€j Pagah-tar, s. f. i». Early 

4_£5oi »-^ Pag-dandi, s. /. s. A by- 
path. P. lend. To track, trace. 

lil^ Pagurana, v. n. h. To rumi- 
nate or chew the cud. 

<Sj^i Pagri, s. f. H. A turband. 
P. ataknd. To be obstinate, to per- 
sist or persevere. 

^ Pagla, a. h. Foolish. 

IJ^W^ Pighlana, v. a. s. 1. To 
melt, fuse. 2. To mollify, assuage, 

lii«^ Pighalna, v. n. s. To melt, 
to be melted, to be in fusion. 

j^W^ Pighlao, s. m. s. Fusion. 

l*^ Pagiya, s.f. h. A turband. 

<Jj Pal, s. m. s. A moment, in- 

Jj Pul, *. m. p. s. A bridge, an 
embankment. P. bdndhnd, v. a. To 
make a bridge; to limit; to abound. 

lb Palla, s. 111. P. One scale (or 
one side of a pair of scales). See Palla. 
P. bdndhnd, To enter the lists against 
an enemy. Palle par kisi hi and. To 
assist, favour, side with. 

ilj Pilla, s. m. s. A pup, whelp, 
cub. Hardmi pilld, A bastard. 

t^lb Palas, s. m. p. Very coarse 

cr^ Palas, s. m. s. A tree on 
which lac insects feed (Butea fron- 

^Ji^, cr^ Palas-papra, s. m. s. 
The seeds of the Palas tree used in 

,j«ilj Palasi, s. f. s. A village 

li^ Palana, v. a. s. To run away, 
flee, escape. 

liib Pilana, v. a. s. To cause or 
give to drink. 

OXj Palana, s. m. p. See Palan. 
j^ Pulao, s. m. p. A kind of dish 
made of flesh and rice. 

^_5.<i.Aj Jj Pul-bandi, s. f.v. 1 . Em- 
bankment. 2. Sodomy. P. kamd. 
To violate, ravish. 

cUL Pilpil, s. m. p. Pepper. 

^^ Pilpila, or Pulpula, a. ii. 
Soft, flabby, flaccid. 

GXj Palta, s. m. h. Turn, stead, 
exchange, recompense, revenge. 

Ijllb Paltana, v. a. h. To cause to 
turn, to convert. 

lil^riilj Palta khana,?;. a. h. s. To 
turn over head and heels ; to over- 
turn, to be tilted. 

jllb Paltao, s. m. h. Contradic- 

lijab Palta lena, -\v. a. h. s.To 

UjJ oJj Palat lena, J take back ; 
to take in return, to take revenge. 

e^j Paltan, s. f. e. A battalion. 



( 115 ) 


IaHj Palatna, v. n. h. To return, 
overturn, rebound, change. 

IjJLj Palrii, s. m. p. See Palla, p. 

iSjij Vilri, s.f. H. Forced meat. 

o.-^ Palasht, or Pilisht, a. p. 
Polluted, impure, unclean. (Met.) s.f. 
An adultress, a strumpet. 

Jclj^ Jj Pul-sirat, s. m. p. a. The 
bridge over which Musalmans be- 
lieve they must pass to enter Para- 

^ Palak, s. f. p. The eyelid. 
P. mdrnd, or matkdnd, v. a. To wink. 
P. laynd, Twinkling of the eye, clos- 
ing of the eyelids. Palak men, or P. 
ke mdrte. In the twinkling of an eye. 

Uj^isUj Palak-darya, s. m. p. 

Lilj Pahia, v. n. s. To be reared, 
nourished or fattened ; to thrive. 

I«ijjj Pulinda, s. m. ii. A bundle. 

*J^ Palang, s. m. s. A bed 
(without curtains) ; a bedstead. 

*-J^-ib Palang, s. m. p. A tiger, 
panther, leopard. 

yJ,^<S.iXi Palang-posh, s. m, s. p. 

A coverlet, counterpane. 
yj Pallu, s, m. II. The hem or 

border of a garment. 
j[>ij Palwar, s. m. ii. A kind of 

IJI>lj Palvvana, v. a. s. To cause 
to nourish, bring up, &c. 

J>L) Pahval, s. m. s. A pkmt 
(Trichosanthes dioica). 

«*J-j Palla, *. m. V. 1. Scale for 
weighing in. See Palla. 2. The step 
of a ladder. 

u^*lj Palla-kash, a. p. Partial. 

^^Alj Palla-kashi, *. /. p. Par- 

|5^ Palihnda, m. and Palilmdi, 
/. s. H. A shelf upon which water- 
pots are placed. 

p 2 

^J^^ Pilai, *. /. s. The spleen ; 

the spleen disease. Palai, s. f. A 

young branch or spray of a tree. 
•^•J^ Palit, a. p. See Palid. 
tub Palita, s. m. v. 1. A match 

of a gun. 2. A candle. P. chdtjdnd, 

To flash in the pan. 

e^sH^j Palethan, s. m. h. Dry 
flour laid under and over bread when 
it is rolled. P. pakdnd. To contrive 
the ruin of any one. P. nikdlna, To 
beat severely. 

'^^ Palidj or Pilid, a. p. Unclean, 


j'«>^J Palle-dar, s. in. p. A porter 
who has bags to carry burdens. 

isM^. Palle-dari, s. f. p. The 
business of a porter. 

Lf^^ Palidi, or Pilidi, s. f. p. 

e^ Pan, s. m. s. 1. An aggre- 
gate number consisting of twenty 
gandas or eighty kauris. 2. A con- 
traction for Pan; as Pan-battd, A 

c^j Pan, H. A termination affix- 
ed to nouns and corresponding to 
ship, hood, ness, &c. in English ; as 
Larak-pan, Child-hood. 

IJo Pinna, s. m. s. A cake of 
mustard-seed remaining after the ex- 
pression of the oil and given to cows 
&c. for food. 

isj)^, Panari, *. m.l 
j^ Panali, s. /. J 

or pipe l>y which water runs oflf from 

the roof of a house. 
i^, Panah, s.f. p. Shade, shelter, 

protection, asylum, refuge. P. kisi 

se mdngnd, 1. To seek protection. 

2. To avoid. 
IJtij Pananii, v. a. s. See Panhana. 
*^ Pumba, s. m. p. Cotton. P.- 

ba-gosh, a. Deaf. 

A drain 


{ 116 ) 


^^i xxxj Pumba-dahan, a. v. Si- 
lent in company, taciturn ; mealy- 
mouthed, [ton. 

(ji^ij Pumbai, a. p. Made of cot- 

IjImaj Pinpinana, v. u. - h. To 
twang, to whiz. 

♦SaaUau PinpinahatjOrPanpanahat, 
«./. H. Whizzing (of an arrow, bul- 
let, &c.) 

JoPanj, a. p. 1. Five. 2. Of 
seven years old (a horse). Naye panj, 
Of five years old. Male panj. Of 
ten years old (Phrases applied only 
to horses). P. qib-i-shari, a. Very 
vicious ; i. e. possessed of five vices, 
namely. Robbery, Adultery, Gaming, 
Drunkenness, Falsehood. P. tan-i- 
pdk. The Five holy persons, viz. Mu- 
hammad, All, Fatima, Hasan, Hu- 

V^^ Panj-ab, s. m. p. (Five 
waters.) The country between the 
Indus and Sutledge. 

♦i*<Sk^l^ Panj-angusht, s. ni, p. 

♦^jf ^ Panj-ayat, s. p. The five 
chapters of the Quran which are 
read during the mourning of a Mu- 
js^ Panjar, s. m. s. A rib. 

]j^ Pinjra, s. m. s. A cage. P. 
hond, To be or grow lean. 

^iir^ Panj-roza^ s. p. The space 
of five days. 

Jt-s5*^ Panj-sal, s. m. p. Five 
years ; a five year old horse. 

AJUs:^ Panj-sala, a, p. Of five 
years, quinquennial. 

A . umy ^ Pai)j-shamba, s. m. y. 

V^«*J Panj-aib, a. p. a. Very 
vicious (a horse). 

*^^ Panj-gosha^i o. p. Pen- 

^/^^J Panj-goiia, J tangular, 
a pentagon. 

I*s:^ Panjum, a, p. Fifth. 

*s^ Panja, *. m. p. LA hand 

with the five fingers extended, claw, 
clutch, grasp. 2. A sort of link or 
torch resembling the five fingers (also 
called Panj-shakha). 3. A hand made 
of ivory, &c. to scratch the back with. 
4. A kind of bread bearing the marks 
of five fingers. P. phernd, To over- 
come, overpower. P. karnd, A kind 
of wrestling wherein the antagonists 
lock their fingers together. 

b^^ Pinjiyara, s. m. h. A man 
who beats or separates cotton. 

^ Panch, s. a. Five. s. m. 1. A 
council, assembly, meeting, com- 
pany. 2. Arbitrators. 

cy'^ Panchawan, a. s. Fifty- 

c^l^ Panchayat, s.f.s. A meet- 
ing of any particular society (gen- 
rally as a court of enquiry) ; a jury, 
an inquest. 

u**>"^ Pancha-das, a. s. Fif- 

t5%-*'v Panchakkij s. f. s. A 
water- mill. 

!j%^ Panch-lara, a. s. h. Of 
five rows or strings. 

,v?^ Pancham, a. s. Fifth. 

y^"^- Pancham-1^ or -in, s. f. s 
The fifth day of the moon. 

<^» Pand, s. m. p. Advice, admo- 

jl<xb Pindar, s. m. p. Thought, 
imagination, opinion. 

»;«>^ Pandrah, a. s. Fifteen. 

^I'.xu Pand-go, s. m. p. Adviser, 

l5ij Panda, s. m. s. A brahman 
attached to a temple. Pindd, s, m. A 
lump, ball, bundle. 

IjtSij Pindara, s. in. s. p. A plun- 
derer, a pillager. 

( 117 ) 

JtoJo Pindalu, s. m. s. A fruit 
(Trewia nudiflora, Linn. ; Rottlera in- 
dica, Wild.). 

^Sij Pandubi, s. /. s. A water- 

" fowl, the coot. 

ci>5ij Pandit, a. s. Wise, learned. 
s. m. A learned brahman. 

*Jli.o5ij Pandit-khana, *. in. s. 
p. A prison. 

*i5J^ Pinduk, s. m. s. A turtle- 

J'^, Pindli, s. f. s. The calf of 
the legf. 

^j^Sli Panduri, s. /. ii. A bird 

" (Falco). 

Uij Pansa, *./. s. A pustule. 

jj-jLJa Pansari, s. m. s. A drug- 

l*^ Pankha, s. m. s. A fan. 

iSj^^ Pankhri, s. f. s. A petal, 
a flower-leaf. 

u"^ Pangas, 5. /. h. A fish, 
(Silurus sagittatus.) 

iL^ Pangla,"! a, s. Bandy-leg- 

j^ Pangu, J ged, a cripple. 

[.A cradle. 

\jj^ Piugura,^ 

5!^ix| Pmgula, J 
jl^ Panwar, *. m. s. I. A plant 
(Cassia obtusifolia). 2. A Rajput 

ti-jlyj Panwari, *. /. s. a. Betel- 

t^ Pauha, a, p. Wide, broad. 

Ijl^ja Panhara, ». m. s. A man 
who carries pots of water on his 

t5:;'t*^Panhar-i,or-in,«./. s. Fem. 
of the preceding. 

c;lt^ Pinhan, a. p. Secret, hid- 
den, concealed. 

IJLjij Pinhana, v. a. s. See Pahan- 

^^t^j Panhana, t?. a. s. To bring 

the milk into the udder (of an ani- 

^ Panni, s. f. u. 1. Tin-foil. 
2. A tribe of Pathans. 

Ijfij Punya, s. f. s. The begiiniing 
of collection (of rent, &c.) for the 
new year. 

^i^ Paniyala, s. m. s. A fruit 
(Flacourtia catafracta). 

Ij^ij Paniyana, v. n. s. To irri- 
gate, to water, to yield water. 
j*^ Panir, s. m. p. Cheese. 

*j4^ Panir-raaya, *. m. p. Ren- 

cg/i^j Paniri, a. p. Cheesy, made 
of cheese. 

jj Pau, s. /. H. The one or ace 
in dice. 

1^ Pauwa, *. m. s. A quai-ter; 
the quarter of a Ser or 4 Chattaks. 

2!>J Pawaj, s. plur. of Paji, p. 
Mean people. 

Jt^ Puwal, s. f. s. Straw. 

ilj^ Popla, a. H. Toothless. 

ci>^ Put, s. w. s. (In corap.) A 

Ijjj Pota, *. m. s. Grandson, son's 

Ij^ Pota, s. m. p. The scrotum, 
the testicles. See Pota and Fota. 

^j^ Putla, s. m. s. A puppet, 

fjjj^ Putli, 5. /. s. 1. A small 
puppet, &c. 2. The apple of the eye. 

lijjj Potna, V. a. 11. To besmear, 
to plaster. 

*JjJ Pota, s. m. p. See 'Joji 

i^^ Poti, *. /. 8. Grand-daughter, 
son's daughter. 

Wji Puja, s. f. s. Worshipping, 
adoration, veneration, devotion ; ido- 

^Ji Pujna, V. a. s. To worship, 
adore, venerate, to worship idols. 


( 118 ) 


j7_>j Puch, a. p. Absurd, obscene, 
inordinate, injudicious, useless, non- 
sense. P.-go, Talking nonsense. P.- 
go\ or P.-bdfi, Talking nonsense. 

«^^ Puchh, s. f. s. Inquiry, in- 
vestigation. P.-pdchh, s.f. Inquiry. 

Ii4a.jj Puchhna, v. a. s. To ask, 

oLxA.jj Puchiyat, s. pi. of Puch, 
V. Foolish prate. 

c>jj Pud, s. P. Warp, web. 
jt^^jj Poddar, s. m. p. An ex- 
aminer of coin (to ascertain whether 
it be sterling or not) ; also, a cash- 
keeper, a clerk who reckons and ex- 
amines money. 

VJ.>^ Podna, H. A bird (Sylvia 

*ij:>jj Podina, s. m. p. Mint 
(Mentha sativa). 

jjj Pur, 5. m. p. A son. 

r^j Pura, a. s. Entire, complete, 
exact, full, perfect, sufficient, total, 
ripe. P. karnd, v. a. To fill, to 
re-imburse. [pletion. 

ijb^ Purai, s. f. s. Fulness, com- 

wyj Piirab, s. m. s. East. 

^t>Jf^ Purbi, or Purabi, a. s. 
Eastern, from the east. 

^jjj Purna, s. 1. v. n. To be fill- 
ed. 2. V. a. To weave. Chauk puma, 
To make chequers or squares. 

)yi Puz, s. m. p. The lip of a horse, 
(See Puza). 

trnTJ^i Pozish, s. f. p. Excuse, 
palliation, apology, pretext. 

Jl^j^J Puz-mal, *. m. p. A cord 
twisted tight round a horse's lip or 
ear to enable the farrier to manage 

«j^ Puza, *. m. p. The lip (of a 
horse particularly). 

t5i>J Puzi, s. f. p. Part of the 
ornamental accoutrements of a horse. 

ij-y^ Pus, s, m. s. The ninth solar 
month (December). 

o*-*j.J Post, s. m. p. 1. Crust, 
shell, skin, bark, hide, rind. 2. Pop- 
py head or capsule. 

^^si**»^ Post-kan, s. m. p. A 
skinner or preparer of skins. 

j^i*.^ Posti, s. m. p. One who 
intoxicates himself with infusion of 
popy heads ; (met.) an indolent, lazy 
person . 

e^Jji**^ Postin, p. a. Leathern 
(garment), s.m. 1. Fur. 2. A fault, 
a blemish. 

lx«.^j Posna, V. a. s. See Palna. 

{J'yi Posh, part. p. (In comp.) 
Covering, clothed in, wearing, dress- 
ed. 2. s. A garment, covering. 

<S\^^ Poshak, s. f. p. Vestments, 
dress, habit, garments. 

j^Li^ Poshaki, a. p. Fit for 
making garments (cloth). 

(_A*:jJ Poshish, s. f. p. Dress, 
garments, vestments. 

j_^<xx.wjj Poshida-gi, s. f. p. Con- 

^'^ji Poshida, a. v. Concealed, 

il^j Pula, s. m. s. A bundle of 

hay or straw. 
«>i!^j Polad, s. m. v. The finest 

Damascus steel ; steel, 
ciyj Paun, a. s. Three quarters, 

a quarter less than a given member. 

See Paune. 
l*j>j Ponta, s. m. h. Snot. 
ij^ji Ponthi, s. f. A small fish 

(Cyprinus chrysopareius). 
i/?^Ji Punji, s. f. s. A capital 

in trade, stock, principal sum. 
Ivg^jj Ponchhna, or Piinchhna, 

V. a. H. To wipe. 
^^ Ponka, s. m. h. The ship- 
worm (Teredo navalis). 

( 119 ) 


&>j Ponga, s. m. a. 1. A block- 
head. 2. A sort of drum. 3. A thin 
joint of bamboo. 

^^j Piingi, s. f. H. A flute, a 

" pipe. 

i_jj Paune, a. s. A quarter (^) : 
prefixed to any number, it signifies 
that a quarter of that number is to 
be deducted; thus, Paune Sau, 
means 75, or a quarter of 100 (25) 
less than 100. 

4i_jj Poe, s.f. Is. A vegetable, 

k^ Poya, *. m.J (Basella alba 
and rubra). 

*jjj Poya, s. m. p. A canter or 
hand-gallop. Poyon chalnd. To can- 
ter, &c. 

"^l^j Phatak, s, m. h. A gate, a 
large shutter; an impediment; the 
bar of a court of justice. 

Lij^l Phatna, v. n. s. To be torn, 
broken, split, &c. 

jl^ Pahar, s. m. h. A mountain. 
P.-si rdten, Long nights. 

Ijl^ Phara,^ar^. p. s. Torn, brok- 
en, split, rent. 

lsj\^i Pharna, v. a. s. To tear, 
rend, split, break, [cleave, tear open. 
PMr-khdnd, v. a. To worry. 

(Sj^ Pahari, s. f. n. A hill, a 
small mountain, 

li)^ Pahariya, a. n. Belonging 
to or of a mountain, s. A mountain- 

•-^l^J Phag, s. m. s. Red powder 
(thrown about in the Holi festival). 

e^l«j Phagun, or Phalgun, s. m. 
8. The eleventh Hindu month (Fe- 
bruary — March). 

JWj Phal, s. f. s. A ploughshare. 

l-Jlfj Phalsa, s. m. h. A fruit 
(Grewia asiatica). 

ti^il^j Phampna, v, n. s. To swell. 

^jil^J Phamphar, s. m. ii. A Jiole, 
an orifice. 

<iJi4J Phand, '\s. 

m. H. 1. A 
noose, a net. 

2. Perplexity, difficulty, impediment. 
lJ«xil4J Phandna, v. a. s. 1. To 

imprison, tie, ensnare, entrap. 2. 

To jump or leap over, 
cs"'^^ Phandi, *. /. h. A bundle 

of 50 or 100 sugar-canes. 
U^il^J Phans, s. h. A splinter (of 

u^k^, Phans, or Phansa, *. m. s. 

See Phand. 
U-jlfj Phansna,s. 1 . v. a.To noose, 

throttle, strangle, choak. 2. v. n. To 

be impeded, perplexed, to stick (as 

in mud). 

(S^k^ Phansi, s. f. s. A noose, a 
loop; strangulation. P. parnd. To 
be hanged. P. dend, To hang. P. 
lagdnd. To hang or strangle one's 

*«Jl^t5~Jt4J Phansi-kath, s. s. Gal- 

4^Wj Phank, s. f. h. A slice, 

lAxJt«j Phankna, v. a. h. To chuck 
into the mouth from the palm of the 
hand ; to squander. 

(/il^J Phanki, s. /. h. See Phank. 

^I^J Phao, s. m. n. A small quan- 
tity given gratis to a purchaser. 

IJjLgJ.Phaora, s. m. n. A mattock, 
spade, hoe. 

V^J Phab, s. f. II. Embellish- 
ment, ornament, dress. 

^ Phabta, a. ii. Pertinent, fit. 

«j5*^ Phabti, J9./. H. Ornament; 
conjecturing what a person is by his 

^«J Phabna, v. n, ii. To become, 
to fit. 

%^§J Phabila, a. ii. Becoming, fit. 

l«f*J Phuphii, s. m. n. The hus- 
band of a paternal aunt. 


( 120 ) 

iSCyH^ Phaphundi, *. /. H. 
" Mould. [ph&. 

^4W Phuphii, s. m. h. See Phu- 
il^A4J Phapolu, 1 *. w. s. A blis- 
h«i^ Phaphola,/ ter. P. phitfne, 

To be blistered ; to be afflicted. P. 

dilkephorne, To satisfy an old grudge. 
iS^^4^ Phaphiindi, s. f. h. 

,^«A«j Phuphi, *./. H. A paternal 

,^U U4A4J Phuphiya-sas, s. f. H. 

The sister of a father-in-law. 
j.,^ t**^ Phuphiya-susur, s. m. 

H. s. The husband of a father-in-law's 


l^i«A«j Phuphera, m.'\ ^^ ^ 

iSji:^^ Phupheri, /. J 

Descended from or related through a 
paternal aunt. P.-d bhdi. The son 
of, and, P.-i bahin, The daughter of, 
a paternal aunt. 

<2hj Phitj s. H. Curse, interj. Fy ! 

<2*^ Phut, a. s. Odd, unpaired. 

Ia^ Phata, s. m. s. A crack. 
Phate men pdnw dend, To interfere in 
any thing. 

tjll«j Phitana, v. a. h. To beat 
up and mix, to froth. 

IJJJ'2*^ Phat-parna, v. w. s. 1. To 
be produced plentifully ; to become 
fat suddenly. 2. To be confounded 
with much business. A'smdn phat 
parndf To rain hard. 

l^^H^^J Phatphatana, v. a. h. 
1. To shake or flap the wings (as 
birds just going to fly). 2. To give 
a sound as the shoes of a person 

^2ii«j Phatak, s. s. Crystal. 

isj^ Phitkiri, or Phitkari, s. f. 
s. Alum. 

lixZ^ Phatakna, s. 1. r. a. To 
winnow ; to dust or knock oflf crumbs 

&c. 2. V. n. To be separated. 3. 
s. m. The tape in a pellet bow which 
strikes the ball. 

^J^ Phutki, s. f. H. A blot, 
spot, stain. 

Uvfj Phatna, v. n. s. To be torn, 
split, rent, broken, burst, cracked. 

vyl^ Pahchan, *./. s. Acquaint- 
ance, knowledge. 

lJol«t^ Pahchanna, v. a. s. To 
know, recognize. 

^<H^ Phudakna, v. n. h. To 
jump, hop, dance with joy. 

J<Hi Phudki, s. f. H. A small 
bird (Certhia tula). 

j^ Phurr, s. m. h. The noise of a 
bird suddenly taking wing, or of a 
small quantity of gunpowder explod- 

j^ Phir, adv. h. Again, then. 
j^ Pahar, s. m. s. A division of 
time consisting of eight gharis, or a 
watch of three hours. 

1^ Pahra, s. m. s. A watch, sen- 
tinel; tour of watch; corporal and 
six men. P. dend, To watch. Pahre 
men ddlnd. To give in charge to a 
guard. Pahre menpafnd. To be given 
in charge, &c. 

o*Lr*;J Pharras, s. m. s. A tree 
(its leaves resemble those of Cypress 
or Tamarisk, and make a whistling 
noise in the wind whence its name). 

Ui^4J Phirana, v. a. h. To turn, 
whirl, make to go round ; to return, 
change, roll, shift, wander. 

Ul^ Pharrana, v. n. s. To fly (as 
a flag), to flutter. 

lj|^ Pahrana, or Pahirana, v. a. 
s. To cause to dress, to clothe, to 
dress, invest. 

jLt^J Phirao, s. m. 11. Return, 

(il^^ Phurphurana, v. n. s. 1. 
To tremble. 2. To wave (as the hair). 

( 121 ) 

iSj%iy^ Phurphun, s. f. s. Trem- 
bling, palpitation. 
UajG^ Phirta rahna, v. n. ii. To 

wander about, perambulate. 
^>fj Phirti, part. f. or s. f. u. 

Returning. P. kd bhdrd, The hire of 

a return boat, carriage, &c. 
GIa^ Phir-jana, v. n. To return, 

to revolt ; to be distorted, to warp. 
t^«J Pharcha, s. m. h. Clearing 

up or dispersion uf clouds ; fair 


k^j^ Pharchha, a. h. Pure, ho- 
nest, fair. P. karnd. To clean, settle, 

^k^j^ Pharchhana, v. a. h. To 
clean, wipe, to settle, to clear away. 

^y«j Pharsa, s.m. u.A pick-axe. 
See Phaora. 

i/j^^ Phirki, s.f.H.A whirligig, 
anything turning on its axis. 

IJ^ Phirna, v. n. h. To turn, re- 
turn, walk about, whirl, wheel, wan- 
der, [na- 

Ij^jj Paharna, v. a. s. See Pahin- 

jV^KJ Phirni, s. f. h. See Phirki. 

^j\i Pahru, ~\s. m. s. A watch- 

lir^Pahrua, J man, sentinel. 

Lr*^»J Pharahr-a, or -i, *. m. h. 
A vane, pennant. 

iS^i Phari, s. f. s. A shield, a 

V/ti Pahriya, s. m. s. See Pahru. 

J«J Phar, s. f. H. 1. A gaming- 
house where dice are played. 2. A 
place where goods are exposed for 
sale. 3. The shafts or pole of a car- 

^|j4J Pharand, v. a. s. To cause 
to be torn, split, or cleaved. 

^1>*^J«^ Pharpharana, v. n. ii. To 
flutter, wave, twinkle, move convul- 

(jj^fjj^j Pharphariya, h. 1. *. m. 
A flutterer. 2. a. Swift, quick. 

ilij^j Pharak, s. f. h. Fluttering, 
vibrating, throbbing, palpitating. 

^^J^, Pharkana, v. a. h. 1. To 
cause to flutter, &c. 2. To throw. 

li^*J Pharakna, v. n. h. To flut- 
ter, to vibrate with convulsive invo- 
luntary motion, to throb, to palpitate ; 
to writhe (the shoulders). 

Ls^J^ Pharki, *. /. h. A coarse 

kj^ Phariya, s. m.H. 1. A pedlar, 
retailer. 2. The keeper of a gaming- 
house or dice table. 

•i/gj Phuriya, *. /. h. A sore, 
pimple, bile. 

liu^j Phasana, v. a, s. To cause 
to stick, &c. (see Phasna) ; to entan- 
gle, to catch, to squash. Phusphusana, v. n. h. 
To whisper. 

&jL,^A,^j Phusphusawat, s. f. h. 

L~«^-»«J Phasphasa, a. h. Flabby, 
loose, not rigid. 

^r*sJr^ Phusarphusar, s. m. h. 

lj^<-»4j Phaskana, v. a. h. 1 . To 
burst, split, break. 2. To loosen, 

L>^~»«J Phasakna, v. n. h. To burst, 
split, break. 

biL^ Phisland, v. a. h. To cause 
to slip, &c. 

G3L^ Phusldna, v. a. 11. To coax, 
wheedle, instigate. 

jlL^ Phuslau, s. m. H. A. coaxer, 

(aL^^j Phisalna, v. n. s. To slide, 
slip, err. a. Slippery. 

Ui^L«.gj Phuslauniya, s. m. h. See 

tti«««j Phisalha, *. m. s. Slipping. 


( 122 ) 


li-»«J Phasnfi, V. n. s. To be stuck 
(as in mud or in a narrow pas sage), 
to be caught, ensnared, entangled, 
imprisoned, impeded. 

,J^ Phish, interj. h. Pish ! 
pshaw ! 

li^ Phikana, v. a. s. To cause 
or teach to throw. 

JHJ Phakkar, *. m. h. Wrang- 
ling, mutual abuse, raillery. 

3^J^«J Phakkar-baz, s. m. h. f 
An abuser, an indecent chatterer. 

li^ Phukna, v. n. s. To be blown, 
to be blown up (fire). 

Li>^ Phukna, s. m. h. A bladder. 

s,^Mi Phukm, s. f. H. A blow 

cl«J Phal, s. m. 8. 1 . Fruit, effect, 
advantage; children, progeny. P. 
puTid, To reap the reward (of good or 
bad actions). 2. The iron head of a 
spear, arrow, &c. 3. A blade (of a 
sword, &c.) 

^ Pahla, Paihla, or Pahila, a. 
H. First, adv. Before, rather, soon. 

IJ^J Phaldna, v. a. s. To cause 
to produce. 

IJ^ Phulana, v. a. s. To cause 
to swell, to fatten ; to make proud or 
puff up with flattery. 

^^ Phalang, s.f. H. A stride. 

iSj^'^i Phal-phalari, s. f. s. 
Fruits of various kinds. 

j^d^ Phal-tar, s. m. s. The fruit 
bearing Tar, the female Palm. 

^Sj^^ Phuljhari, s.f. s. A fire- 
work like a fountain. 

ji^J«J Phal-dar, a. s. p. Fruitful. 

^ Phulki, a. s. Inflated, puffed 
up, light, s. m.\. A blister. 2. A 
kind of cake or small loaf. 3. An 
area for wrestlers. 

^J^^ Phulkarna, v. n, a. To in- 
flate, swell out, expand. 


4_^l4J Phulki, s. f. 9. A cake of 

raised bread, fritters. 
(jji^^ Phulkari, s. m. s. Flowered 
" cloth, 
lii^j Phalna, v. n. s. To bear fruit 

to produce ; to be fortunate. 
^1.^ Pahlii, s. m. p. 1. The side. 

2. The wing of an army. P. tihi 

karnd. To refuse, decline, evade. 
\jh^ Phalua, s. m. h. A knotted 

isj^jhi Phul-wari, «. /. s. A flower- 
cil^J Pahlawan, s. m. p. A hero^ 

champion, stout fellow, wrestler. 
ijb^^d Pahlawani, s. f. p. Hero. 

ism, &c. V. s. 
LS)i^ Phulauri, s. f. Cake made 

of fruit and pulse, and fried in ghi or 


^ Pahle, adv. h. At first, soon 
rather. P. pdr. On the other side. 

^J^^ Phali, s. f. s. A shield. 

^^ Phali, '\s. f. s. 1. A cod, 

txl«j Phaliya, J a pod (or the 
seed) of any liguminous plant, but 
especially of peas. 2. A loop. 

,J^ Phulli, *. /. s. A disorder in 

the eye, albugo. 

^^f^J Phaliyana, v. n. s. To bear 

cr^c5^v Phali-kash, s. m. s. p. A 

hook for drawing the strings through 

the holes by which the walls of a 

tent are laced to the top. 

^J^ Phan, s. m. s. The hood of a 
snake; his expanded neck. P. uthdnd, 
To spread the hood (a snake). 

(^^ Pahan, *. m. p. Width, 
breadth, ampleness. 

l-^j Pahna, a. v. Wide, broad. 

^jjt^j Pahnai, s. f. p. Breadth, 

( 123 ) 

lifj Pahannd, or Pahinna, v. a. 8. 
To put on, wear, dress, s.- m. Dress, 

IJli^ Pahandna, v. a. s. To cause 
to dress or to put on. 

Ijl^j Pahanawa, s. m. s. Cloth- 
ing, dress. 

jl^U^j Pahna-war,l «. p. Ample, 

jLjU^ Pahna-war, J wide, broad. 

'^^^^s^HJ PHanphanana,y. w. s. 1. To 

hiss (as a snake). 2. To spring up 

suddenly (as a fast-growing plant). 

3. To move about quickly. 
jc-ifJ Pahunch, s. f. h. Arrival) 

access, admittance ; a receipt. 
(a:ifJ Pahuncha, s. m. s. The 

VJla^Hv Pahunchana, v. a. h. To 

cause to arrive, to convey. 
Lia^ Pahunchna, v. n. h. To 

j^jsp^ Pahunchi, s. f. u. A wrist 


\dJ^ Phanda, s. m. s. A noose, a 
net; perplexity, difficulty. 

bliXVfrj Phandana, v. a. s. To 
cause to jump or leap. 

UilAx^j Phundlana, v. a. s. To 
ensnare, entrap. 

Ut^i^j Phandiia, v. n, s. (See 
Pliasna). To be imprisoned, &c. 

liiiljj Phundna, s. m. h. A tassel. 

jl"~HJ Phansao, s. m. s. Entangle- 

Lwx«J Phansna, v. n. s. To be 

entangled, to stick (see Phasna). 
Ki\yJi^ Phanswdna, v. a. s. To 

cause to noose, strangle, &c. 
j_5-«HJ Phunsi, s. f. s. A pinnple. 
!;'i— ^ Phansiyara, s. r«. s. A 

foot-pad who strangles passengers 

or travellers, a thug. 
^J-4J Phanka, s. rn. h. A niouth- 
Q 2 

ful of any thing eaten by being 
chucked into the mouth. P. mdmd 
See Phankna. 

j^<x^ Phunkar, s. f. s. Snorting. 

^Hi Phinkna, v, n. s. To be 

Gl^xi^j Phinkwana, v. a. s. To 
cause to fling or throw. 

^^H^ Phanga, s. m. s. A grass- 

tj^HJ Phungi, s. f. H. A sprout, 
bud, point of an ear of corn, &c. 

_>-MJ Phunn-o, -j, -iya, s.f. H. Pe- 
nis puerilis. 

A^ Phunhar, s.f. h. The small 
drops of rain. 

b^^H^ Phunhara, s. m. ii. A foun- 
tain, a jet d'eau. 

1^ Phua, s.f. a. Father's sister. 

Uj^ Phupha, s. m. h. Father's 
sister's husband. 

_y4j^^ Phuphu, s.m.f. H. Father's 
sister's husband, or father's sister. 

j<«J^j Phuphi, s. f. n. Father's 

<2>j«j Phiit, s. f. s. 1. A melon 
(Cucumis momordica). 2. A ripe 
cucumber bursting elastically (as the 
Cucumis utilissimus and Momordica 
mixta). 3. Difference of opinion 
dissension, separation, a flaw. 4. 
Odd, unpaired. P. parnd. To arise 
(dissention). P. phut or phiit kar 
rond. To weep excessively. P. rahnd 
To be broken, dispersed, unpaired, 
&c. P. hond, To be divided in opini- 

•5^ Phu^a, a. s. Broken. 

^j^ Phutla, a. s. Bad (coin). 

l^^ Phutna, V. n. s. 1. To be 
broken, broken into or down. 2. To 
be dispersed, separated, unpaired* 
3. To burst. 4. To be made public. 
5. To arise (as a smell) or burst 

( 124 ) 

^j^ Phiiti, s.f. s. Disagreement, 

IXHi Phord, s. m.s. A boil, a sore. 

lij^ phorna, v. a. s. To break, 

w^ Phus, s. m. H. Old dry 
grass or straw. 

f^_^ Phiisra, s. m. h. A rag. 

j^^ Phusi, 5./. s. Chaff. 

ij^ Phok, s. m. H. Dregs, a. 

y^ Phokar, 5. m. h. Drop, re- 
fuse, trash. 

li(^ Phukna, v. a. s. To blow. 

Jy^. Phul, s. w. 8. 1. A flower, a 
blossom. 2. The Menses. 3. A 
swelliag. 4. (In the plur.) A ceremo- 
ny performed in honour of a deceased 
person on the third day after his 
death. P. uthnd, v. n. To be per- 
formed (a ceremony in honour of the 
dead), to complete the 40 days of 
mourning. P.parnd, v. n. To break 
out (a fire;. P. baithnd, v. n. To be 
glad. P.jdnd, v. n. To swell, to be- 
come fat, to be pleased or delighted. 
P.jharnd, v. n.l. To speak eloquent- 
ly. 2. To fall from a lamp (drops of 
burning oil). 

3/^«j Phola, *. m. s. A blister. 

2i!>«j Phula, a. s. Swelled ; blos- 
somed., Not to be 
able to contain one's self for joy, to 
be overjoyed. 

j^>j Phiilao, s. s. A swelling. 

c5i/(J^«^ Phul-kobi, s. f. s. h. A 


iJj^ Phulna, v. w. s. 1. To blos- 
som, to blow. 2. To be pleased, to 
be in health and spirits, to bloom. 
3. To swell, to be inflated or puffed 
up with pride. 

^^!>?J Phuli, *./. s. See Phulli. 

^^j Phonphi, *. /. H. A pipe, 

' tube, anything hollow. 

^^«j Phonk, H. 1. s. f. Thi 
notch of an arrow. 2. a. Hollow. 

t»AJ^ Phunk, s. f. s. Act of blow- 
ing, a puff", blowing up fire. P. phunk 
ke pdnw dharnd. To act or walk care- 
fully and cautiously. P. dend. To 
set on fire. 

bj'O^^j Phunkarna, v. n. s. To 
hiss, to snort. 

l^^ Phunk na, v. a. s. To blow 
with the breath ; to blow up a fire, 
inflame, set on fire, blow (as a trum- 

K^y%i Phunhi, or Phiihi, ~\s. /. 

jWJ>«J Phonhar, or Phiihar, J h. 
Small rain. 

jA^J Phiihar, a. h. Undisciplin- 
ed, uneducated ; stupid, foolish, rude, 
obscene, s.f. A slut, slattern. 

^^Lrt*^ Phahrana, v. n. s. See 

l^t^ Pahiya, *. m. h. A wheel. 

^«j Pher, s. m. h. 1. Turning, 
meander, maze, curvature, twisting, 
coil, circumference. 2. Equivoca- 
tion, ambiguity. 3. Difficulty, dis- 
tance. 4. adv. Again, back. P. par- 
nd. To diff'er. P. -phdr, a Alternate. 
P.-phdr karnd. To alternate. P. dend. 
To return. P. -men ddlnd, To throw 
obstacles in the way of another. P. 
khdnd, To wind, to meander, to go 
round about ; to meet with perplexi- 

Lri«j Phera, s. m. n. 1. Turning, 
circuit, perambulation. 2. A roll. 3. 
A wooden frame with which lime, 
sand, &c. is measured. 

iSj^^y^H Phera-pheri, s. f. h. 
1. Walking backwards and forwards, 
going and coming. 2. Returning, 

'irt«J Pherna, v. a. u. 1. To turn 

( 125 ) 

back, invert, revert, make to walk 
backwards and forwards, to bring or 
carry back, to shift. 2. To plaster, 
to stroke. Hath phernd, To caress, 
to fondle. Sir par hdth phernd. To 
deceive by coaxing. 

^hiSji^ Pheri-wala, s. m, h. A 

^^^ Phika, a. h. 1. Weak, in- 
sipid. 2. Pale, light-coloured. 

Glljk^j Phailana, v. a. h. To spread, 
expand, scatter, diflfuse, widen, pub- 
lish, proclaim, branch out. 

jiU^j Phailao, *. m. h. 1. Spread, 
pubhcation, &c. v. s. 2. Plenty, pro- 

*J^^ Phailawa, s. m. h. Pro- 

lJi«J Phailna, v. n. h. To be 
spread, expended, &c. See Phailana. 

iJ^^. Paheli, s. f. u. A riddle, an 

e^i^j Plien,! 5. m. s. Foam, 

lii4JPhena,J froth. 

Ulja^j Phainana, v. n. s. To foam. 

^^i*J Phentna, v. a. h. To mix, 
beat up, triturate. 

j_ji44j Phenti, s. f. h. A skein 
(of thread, &c.) 

%H^ Phinchna, v. a. h. To 
wash, rinse, squeeze. Phinch-ddlnd, 
s. 8. as Phinchna. 

u*^jj Phenus, *. m. s. Biestings 
(the milk of the cow just after calv- 

liiij^ Phenk, s. f. s. Throw, cast. 

l-^^^^ Phenkna, v. a. s. To throw, 
fling, dart, let fly (a hawk, &c.)PAen/c 
dend, To throw away. 

J^i^. Pheni, s. f. s. A kind of 

isi. ^h s. f. P. Fat, grease, tallow. 

uJ Pai, *. m. p. 1 . The foot. 2. 
^. nerve, tendon, sinew. 3. adv. 

Behind, after, following, therefore, in 
pursuit, by reason, on account. Pai 
and. To have a splint (a horse). P. 
karnd. To plague, seize, be importu- 

Sd^. Piyada, s. m. p. A foot-man, 
foot-soldier, pawn in chess. 

Lt^ii^j Piyada-pa, adv. p. On foot. 

jIj^ Pyar, or Piyar, s. m. f. s.Love, 
aflfection. P. karnd, To fondle. 

l''-i Pyar-a, m. -i,f. a. s. Belov- 

3^J Piyaz, s.f. p. An onion. 

'-^Jijs')^ Piyazi-rang, *. m. p. A 
reddish colour, crimson. 

<^U» Pyds, s. f. s. Thirst. P. 
bujhdnd. To quench thirst. P. lagnd^ 
To be thirsty. P. mdrnd, To suffer 
thirst. P. marnd, To cease (thirst) 
without drinking. 

UIaj Pyas-a, m. -i,f. a. s. Thirsty. 
Pydse marnd. To be very thirsty. 

JIjj Payal, 5./. s. Straw. 

JUj Piyal, s. f. s. A fruit (Chi- 
ronjia sapida). 

*^^j Piyala, or Pyala, *. m. p. A 
glass, cup, &c. ; the priming pan of a 
musket. P. niwdla. Food and drink. 
P. hond. To die. 

4^Lxj Piyali, s. f. p. A small glass 
or cup. 

(•l^j Payam, s. m. p. A message, 
news, advice, intelligence, &c. 

jJ-«Lxj Payam-bar, s. m. p. A 
messenger, prophet. See Paighara- 

OLu Piyana, v. a. s. To give to 
drink, to water. 

V^J Pib, s. f. s. Pus, matter. 

^^Hi Pibiyan^, v. n. s. To sup- 

'^^'j!^!^ PibiyShat, S. f. S. Sup- 
'^ Pipa, s. m. E. A pipe, barrel, 


( 126 ) 



JjJkj Pipal, 8. \. s. m. A species 

of Fig-tree (Ficus religiosa). 2. s.f. 

j,jx)LxoPipla-mur, or-mul, *. m. s. 

The root of the long-pepper tree. 
*£*j|j Pit, a. s. Yellow. 
JSxj Pital, s. m. s. Brass. 
JUoj Ktla, a. s. Brazen. 
4Luj Pai-tala, a. p. s. Shallow. 
j^*^ Pit-ambar, s. m. s. A yellow 

silk cloth or a silk cloth. 

ci*ij Pet, s. m. %. 1. The belly, 
the womb, pregnancy. 2. The bore 
(of a gun, &c.), cavity, capacity. P. 
dnd. To be purged. P. bdndhnd. To 
eat less than one's appetite demands. 
F. barhdnd, To eat voraciously ; to 
encroach on the share or rights of 
another. P. bhar, adv. Bellyful. P. 
bhamd. To fill one's belly, to be sa- 
tisfied. P. pdlnd, To be able to live 
decently, to be selfish. P. pdni hond, 
To be violently purged, to have wate- 
ry stools. P.paknd, or P. phulnd. To 
burst with laughter. P. pith ek hond. 
To be greatly emaciated. P. jdri 
hond. To be fluxed or purged. P. 
jalnd, To be very hungry. P. chalnd 
or chhutnd. To be purged, to have a 
diarrhoea. P. dikhdna. To complain 
of poverty and hunger. P. ddlnd. 
To procure abortion. P. rakhdnd. 
To get with child. P. rahnd. To be 
pregnant. P. kd pdni na hilnd. To go 
steadily (a horse). P. kd parda, s. m. 
The omentum. P. kdtnd. To pinch 
one's belly, to starve one's self, to be 
griped. P. kd dukh dend. To starve. 
P. Aid^r, «. /. Maternal affection. P. 
jb' bdten, s. f. Bosom secrets. P. 
girdnd, To cause an abortion. P. 
ffimd, To miscarry. P. gorgardnd, 
To have borborygmi. P. Za^f jdnd, 
To be starving. P. lag rahnd. To 
be very hungry. P. mdrnd. To com- 
mit suicide, to stab one's self. P. 

r»«t paithnd. To worm one's self 
into the secrets of another, to become 
intimate. P. harbardnd, To have a 
griping or inclination to go to stool. 

ymjj<iM Pet-posu, or -posua, a. s. 

^dAAj Pet-se, a. s. Pregnant. 

0^ Pitna, V. a. s. To beat, 
thrash, dash, strike, knock, pound. 

j^l^ooj Pet-wall, *. /. s. Preg- 

^i Pith, s.f.s. The back. P, 
par hath phernd. To clap on the 
back, to encourage. P. phernd. To 
turn one's back, to depart, flee, leave, 
withdraw. P. dend. To run away, 
flee, turn, veer, shrink from, turn 
away from in displeasure. P. lagdnd. 
To throw down in wrestling. P. lag- 
nd. To have a sore on the back (a 
horse) ; to mount a horse. 

Jii Peti, s. /. s. 1. A belly- 
band, girth. 2. A portmanteau, box, 
tumbril. 3. The thorax, chest. P. 
larnd, or mdrnd. To copulate. 

UIa.j_jJ Pi-jana, v. a. s. 1. To 
drink, to be drunk, to absorb. 2. 
To stifle one's passions, to refrain 
from answering. 

^ Paij, s. f. H. A vow, promise. 

jpjo Pech, *. /. p. 1 . Twist, re- 
volution, coil, plait, screw. 2. Per- 
plexity, difficulty, trouble, complica- 
tion. 3. Decent. P. uthdnd. To. 
suffer loss or distress. P. ukharnd, 
o. n. To loosen (the twist of any 
thing). P. bdndhnd. To grapple (in 
wrestling). P. parnd. To become 
difficult or intricate, to occur (as an 
obstacle), to be entangled. P. chalnd. 
To prevail by stratagem. P. chunnd, 
To bind the twists of a turband with 
care. P. dend. To circumvent, de- 
ceive, twist, screw, &c. P. ddlnd. 
To throw obstacles in the way, to 
entangle the string in an adversary's 


( 127 ) 

kite (in flying kites). P. karnd. To 
deceive, trick, complicate ; to sieze in 
wrestling, to grapple with. P. khd- 
nd, To coil ; to be perplexed, to fall 
into difficulties, to sustain a loss. P- 
khulnd. To be untwisted, or unscrew- 
ed. P. kholnd, 'I'o untwist, unscrew. 
P. lend, 1. 'J'o fight paper kites (by 
entangling and cutting the strings of 
each other's kites). 2. To meet, to 
(sHt;! Pecha, s. m. s. An owl. 
cjl^ Pechan, a. p. Twisted, 

sW^ Pech-pach, *. m. v. Twist 

»_>L) Aj Pech-tab, or Pech-o-tabj 
s. m. p. Restlessness, alarm, sus- 
pense, perplexity, folds, twisting and 
turning, contortion, knots. P. khdnd. 
To BuflFer distress or anxiety, to be 
j\^jb:^, Pech-dar, a. v. Twisted, 
coiled, crooked, intricate. 
jjjji,jjj Pech-dar-pech, p. Coil 

within coil, entangled, 
tji^ Pecbish, *. /. p. Inflexion, 
twisting, contortion, writhing ; gripes, 
pain in the bowels, tenesmus ; trou- 
ble, perplexity ; circumvention, •con- 
^^ Pechak, *. /. p. A ball, 
skein or clue of thread ; the bottom 
on which thread is wound. 
y^ Pichu, s. m. h. The fruit of 

the Capparis. 
c^!>^^ Pech-wan, a. v. Twisted 

(as a Huqqa-snake). 
*«^ Pichh, s. f. H. Rice-gruel, 

l«=^ Pichha, s. m. s. ]. The 
hinder part, the rear. 2. Pursuit, 
persecution, following. 3. Absence. 
P. phernd. To leave, to withdraw. 
P. kamdf 1. To pursue, chase. 2. 

To recoil (a gun, &c.) P. lend, To 
pursue, importune ; to be obstinately 
If^^ Pichhwa, s. m. s. The 

hinder part (of anything). 
4^ Pichhe, adv. s. In the 
rear, after, behind, afterwards, in the 
absence. P. parnd, 1. To dance 
attendance, importune, dun, perse, 
cute, torment. 2. To be outstrip- 
ped. P. d'ilnd, To leave behind, 

i/«Hs:^ Pechidagi, s. f. p. Twist- 
ing, contortion, winding. 

a«>^i^ Pechida, part. p. Twisted. 

JUr^J Pikhal, s. m. p. Dung of 

t^^ Pekhna, s. m. h. See 'J^*^. 

l«>-iJ Paida, a. p. Born, created, 
produced, exhibited, discovered, in- 
vented. P. karnd. To discover, pro- 
duce, find, get, earn, invent, procure. 
P. hond. To be found, earned, pro- 
duced, born, created, &c. 

jljt^ Paida-war, s. m. p. Pro- 
duce of a field, fruit, &c. ; profit of 

M'^, Paida-ish, *. /. p. Birth^ 
creation, production ; earnings, pro- 
duce, profit. 

isiJ'^iji Pai-dar-pai, adv. p. Suc- 

iSJ'^ Pidri, s.f. H. A tom-tit. 

J«>JiJ Paidal, adv. s. On foot. s. m. 

j^ Pir, *. /. s. Pain, sickness; 
pity, compassion. 

^J Pir, s. m. p. An old man, a 

saint, a spiritual guide. 
jiJ Pir, s. m. H. Monday. 
l^Pair, s. m. H. The foot. 
I^ Paira, part. p. (In comp.) 

Adorning, decorating, adorned with. 
LrtJ Pira, a. s. See Pila. 

( 128 ) 


«-^|/^ Pair^k, s. m. h. A swim- 
tr*Lr^ Pairaman, '\8. m. p. A 
ij^'oijX) Pair^raun,J circuit, cir- 
cumference, environs, adjacent places ; 
the skirt, lappet, or flap of a gar- 
ment, adv. About, around. 

c^LriJ Piran, s. m. p. Charity lands 

(bestowed on the poor in honour of 

some saint). 
^]j^i Pairana, v. a. h. To cause 

to swim. 
ajI^ Pirana, a. p. 1. Elderly, 

like an old man, growing old. 2. 

Belonging to, connected with, or 

worthy of a saint. 
t^A/ii Pairahan, s. m. p. A long 

robe, a shirt or shift. 

^JlJ^ Pairai, *./. h. Swimming- 
place ; art of swimming ; wages for 
teaching to swim. 

*j|^ Piraya, *. m. p. An orna- 

Jl;^ Pir-zal, "I s. f. p. An old 

lyj)^ Ki'-zan, J woman. 

Ij^ Pairna, v. n. h. To swim. 

4^ Pai-rau, part. act. p. Follow- 
ing, follower. 

isxy^ Pai-rau-i, *./. p.Following, 
imitation, consequence. 

(yA^ Pairahan, s. m. p. See 

(Sj^ Piri, *. /. P. Old age. 
t^^ Pairf, *. /. H. An ornament 

worn on the legs. 

^J^ Perna, v. a. s. To press, ex- 
press, squeeze, rack. 

j]y^ Paizar, s. f. p. A slipper, a 
shoe. P. khind. To be beaten with 

iS)^j^ h^y^ Paizara-paizari, s. f. 
p. Fighting or mutual beating with 


^^j\ju Paizar-patti, s. f. p. 
Act of beating with slippers. 

Jy=^j]j^i Paizar-khor, a. p. Abject, 
mean, base. 

^j3^ Paizar-se, p. It concerns 
or affects me not, I care not (an ex- 
pression of contempt). 

<^)^j]yi Paizar-kari, *. /. p. Act 

of beating with slippers. 

*J)JJ Pezna, *. m. p. A seive. 

o^i Pes, *. m. p. Leprosy. 

ti«~iJ Pesi, a. p. Leprous. 

L-HiJ Paisa, s. m. h. A copper, 
coin, a pice; money, cash. P. urdnd 
To spend extravagantly j to take the 
money of another by theft or deceit. 
P. pher-phdr kamd. To turn the pen- 
ny. P. dubond, To sink money, to 
lay out money without return. P. 
dttind, Tobe sunk (money). P. khd- 
nd. To spend extravagantly, to waste; 
to subsist by wages or the produce 
of labour ; to take bribes ; to embez- 
zle. P. e lagdnd, To lay out or ex- 
pend money. 

ti-jjj Pisna, B.\. V. a. To grind, 
triturate, bruise, powder ; to gnash 
(the teeth). 2. s. m. The corn or 
grain for grinding. 

^'^^riJ Paise-wala, a. h. 1. Mo- 
neyed. 2. Worth a pice. 

(Ji-iJ Pesh, a. p. Promoted, ad- 
vanced, respected, confided in, pos- 
sessing influence, s. m. 1. Before, 
front. 2. The vowel point repre- 
senting a short u as in Zulm. P. 
az-in. Before this. P. dna. To treat, 
to negociate, to behave. P. jdnd. To 
go forth. 

t_>Liaj Peshab, s. m. s. Urine. 

<i-oL«Jsj Pesh-amad, s. f. p. Ac- 
cess, admittance. 

^LSkjj Peshani, s. f. p. The fore- 
head, the brow. 

( 129 ) 


^■^,^ Pesh-band, s. m. p. The 

belt which passes over a horse's breast 
to prevent the saddle slipping back. 

<_5-«xixiLo Pesh-bandi, s.f. p. Fore- 
sight, timely preparation. 

^^Aj-ijkj Pesh-bin, a. p. Prudent, 
provident, wise. 

y^^^ Pesh-tar, adv. p. Before, 
prior, formerly, heretofore. 

<U>:s*^ Pesh-khaima, s. m. p. A 
tent or other baggage sent on before. 

vi*.«i«x2aj Pesh-dast, a. p. Sur- 
passing; one who excels. 

j^.w,x*aj Pesh-dasti, s. f. p. Ex- 
celling, surpassing, pre-eminence, 
pre-excellence, aggression. 

uv^ Pesh-ras, a. p. Early 
(fruit, &c.) 

tzJjM^xj Pesh-raft, a. p. Making 
impression, successful, efficient, ef- 

jj^^ Pesh-rau, s. p. A precursor, 
leader; the advanced guard. 

iSij^, Pesh-rau-i, s. f. p. Act 
of preceding. 

{joxsJu^ Pesh-qabz, *. m. p. A 
sort of dagger. 

^liAioj Pesh qadami, *. /. p. 
" Outstripping, alertness, activity. 

j^<iaj Pesh-kar, s. m. p. A de- 
puty, agent, assistant, minister, man- 

(Sj^^iJ Pesh-kari, s. f. p. Depu- 

(_r^^ Pesh-kash, s. m. p. A pre- 
sent, a tribute. 

jsl^j Pesh -gab, s.f. p. The fore- 
most place, a portico. 

^^Aj Pesh-gi, s.f. p. An advance 
of money. 

jir.iJiM Pesh-nazar, s. p. Object, 

jflSxijj Pesh-nigah, p. Take care ! 

j\^'xmxj Pesh-namaz, s. m. p. A 
leader in praying, a priest. 

^^.xikAj Pesh-nihad, s. m. p. Cus- 
tom, regulation, habit, example, mo- 
del, profession. 

!>^ Peshwa, s. m. p. 1 . A lead- 
er, a guide. 2. A title of the Mar- 
hatta minister. P. lend, To meet 
and receive (a friend, &c.). 

t5^'r*^ Peshwai, s.f. p. The meet- 
ing and conducting a guest and visi- 
ter, the duty of a chief priest, guid- 

y.f^i Peshvvaz, s. f. p. A gown, 
a female dress. 

Aj-^J Peshaur, *. m. p. Name of 
a city, properly Pesh-awar (an ad- 
vanced post), built by Akbar. 

iS)j*^ Peshauri, s. f. p. 1. A 
kind of slipper made in Peshaur. 2. 
A kind of rice. 

*«iJ Pesha, s. m. p. Trade, 
profession ; custom, habit, practice. 

jj*^ Pesha-war, s. m. p. An 

t^AJ Peshi, s. f. p. An advance ; 
precedency, superior rank. 

cHi'*^ Peshm, a. p. Anterior, an- 
cient, prior, former. *. m. The after- 

j^^ Paighar, s. m. A ditch, drain. 

C^^ Paigham, *. m. p. A mes- 

t/*'*^ ^^ PaighSma-paighami, 
sf. p. Mutual messages, mediation, 

jx>e{kxj Paigliam-bar, s. m. p. A 
messenger ; a prophet. 

iSji^^i^ Paighain-bari, *. /. p. 

jj^*»xj Paigham-bar, See j^^. 

Lsy^**^ Paigham-bari, s. f. p. 

^s^ Pik, s.f. H. The juice of the 

( 130 ) 

•ha. s. m. s.l ^ 
, j; > Iron 

1, s. f. s. J 

betel-leaf chewed and spit out. P. 
ddn, A vessel for holding betel-spit, 
a spitting-pot. 

<il*j Paik, s. m. p. A courier, a 

j^ Paikar, s. f. p. War, bat- 
tle, contest, s, m. A pedlar. 

ly^ Paikan, s.f. p. The head of 
an arrow. 

^ySoj Paikar, s. f. p. 1. Face, 
countenance, visage, form, appear- 
ance. 2. A portrait, a likeness. 

lAjf^j Pai-karha, s. m 

^y'iJ^ Pai-kan 

chains on the legs ; ornamental rings 
worn on the ankles. 

j^^j Paigu, s. m. h. A sort of 
green coloured stone brought from 

J-iJ Pil, s. m. V. 1. An elephant. 
2. One of the pieces at chess, the 

iUj Pila, fl. s. Yellow. 

(•^■iJ Pilam, s. m. CH. Satin. 

ij^ Pilai, s. f. s. Yellowness. 

cjl*^ Pil-ban, s. m. p. An ele- 
phant driver or keeper. 

^blu Pil-bam, s.f. v. The busi- 
ness of tending, &c. elephants. 

'^^•^^I Pil-ban d, s. m. v. A term 
used at chess to express that a Bi- 
shop and two Pawns mutually sup- 
port each other. 

Uljo Pil-pa, «. p. Afflicted with 

fiV^ Pil-paya, s. m. p. (Ele- 
phant's foot) A pillar. 

^i Pelna, v. a. s. To shove, 
push, express, squeeze out ; to stuff, 
to cram. Pelmdrnd,To shove, push. 

JV*-^ Pel-pal, joar/. s. Shoving, 

pushing, &c. 
y>j Pilu, s. m, s. A tree (Salva- 

also in the Deccan 



dora Persica 

Careya arborea). 
^i*^i^^ Pili-bhit, n. pr. s. A 

town in Rohilcund. 
UjJ Paima,joar^. a. p. (In comp.) 

Measuring, a measurer. 
e;U>J Paiinan, *. m. p. A promise, 

agreement, confirmation, security, 

asseveration, oath, convention, com- 
*j^i^ Paimana, s. m. p. A goblet ; 
a certain dry measure. P. umr 

kd bharnd, v. a. To fill up the mea- 
sure of one's age ; to die or kill. 
Jj^jUaj Paimai, s. f. p. The act of 

tA!'*i^ Painiaish, s. f. p. Mea^ 

y:-^, Payam-bar, s. m. p. 

iSj^^i Payam-bari, s.f. p. 

L^J Paind, s. m. h. A goad. 
Wj Pina, V. a. s. To drink ; to 

smoke, s. m. The dregs or refuse of 

linseed, the oil cake. 
S't-J'-iJ Painala, s. m. s. A gutter, 

(_/*-J^Li^-iJ Paintalis, a. s. 

IJ^ Paintana, s. 

o*^.J Paintis, a. s. Thirty-five. 
Lis^^ Pinjna, v. a. h. To clean 

cotton from the seeds. 
iJ^4 Penjni, s.f s. Little bells 

fastened round the feet of pigeons 

and of children. 
^f^- Paincha, s. m. h. Return, 

retribution, a loan, repayment. 
Li=p^ Painchna, v. a. h. To win- 
5i^ Pind, s. m. h. A roller. 
*4*--^ Painsath,a. s. Sixty-five. 


m. s. See 

( 131 ) 

isHaj Pinak s. f. s. Intoxication 
and drowsiness from opium. 

*-^^ Peiigj s. m. H. A bird (Gra- 
cula chattareah). 

cx«jAj Paiwast, *./. p. Junction, 
connexion, friendship, part. Joined. 

iJ^^ Paiwasta-gi, s. f. p. Con- 
tiguity, connexion, attachment. 

AjL-.^ Paiwasta, p. 1. a. Joined. 
2. adv. Always, continually. 3. s. m. 
The year before the last. 

jjil&L^yxj Paiwasta-abru, a. p. 
Whose eyebrows unite above the 

lij^ Paiwand, s. m. v. 1. Junc- 
tion, conjunction, connexion, re- 
lationship, a joint. 2. A patch, graft, 
j(^<>oj.iJ Paiwand-kar, s. p. A 

i^)^<yij>:i Paiwand-kaii, s. f. p. 
Patching, cobbling. 

^(ij^ Paiwandi, a. p. Engrafted. 
P.-ber, An engrafted Ber (Zizyphus 
jujuba). P. mwcMen,*./. The whis- 
kers joining the beard. 

&iJ Pih, s. f. P. Grease, tallow. 

j*^ Paiham, adv. p. Thickly^ 
close together. 

j^ Plliii, s. m. II. A flea. 

o Te is tlie tliird letter of the 
Arabic and the fourth of the Persian 
Alphabet. In Abjad it denotes 400. 
In Arabic words, at the beginning it 
is used to form verbal nouns of vari- 
ous forms, as Tdrtf from Urf, Tdsir 
from Asar, Tatdwul from Tul ; and 
prefixed to a noun it may correspond 
to by in swearing, as Tdllah, By God. 
At the end of words it may be the 
sign of the feminine gender : it is 
R 2 

also added in the formation of nouns 
of unity, and of infinitives or verbal 
nouns : or of the superlative degree 
of some few adjectives. In Persian 
words, at the end, Te may represent 
the second person singular : or it 
may be redundant, as Bdlisht for 
Bdlish, A pillow. It may be substi- 
tuted for Ddl as Tambura, for Dam- 
bura, A drum, Zartasht for Zardasht, 
Zoroaster ; it is also found used for 
Jim as Tdrdt for Tdrdj, Plunder. In 
some instances it suffers Apocope as 
Rds for Rdst, True ; Dushndm for 
Dusht-ndm, Abuse; Dushman for 
Duskt-man, An enemy. 

13 Ta, adv. p. 1. To, until, so 
far as, whilst, during, even to, in 
order that, to the end that, in such 
a manner that. 2. Take care ! 

^^ Tab, s. /.p. 1. Heat, light, 
splendour. 2. Power, endurance, 
brooking. 3. Rage, fury. 4. Twist- 
ing, contortion. Tdb dend. To twist. 
Tab lend. To be able to bear. 

W3 Taba, s. m. p. A frying-pan. 

iJi^ Taban, a. p. Resplendent, 
splendid, glittering, burning. 

^jJIjIj Tabani, s. f. p. Splendour, 

** light. 

^^ Vt5 Tdb-tilli, s. f. P. An in- 
duration of the spleen attended with 
or preceded by fever; splenitis, ague- 

jbwCi Tab-dar, a. p. 1. Bright, 
luminous. 2. Twisted. 

ej'-i^lj Tab-dan, s. m. p. A lat- 
tice, a sky-light. 

*i*-^>j!3 Ta-ba-zist, p. While life 

ejli-jG Tabistan, *. m. p. The hot 
weather, summer. 

j^liLoG Tabistani, a. p. Resem- 
bling or appertaining to summer, 
pleasant as the summer. 

( 132 ) 


«>iV3 Tabish, s. f. p. Heat, bril- 
liancy, splendour. 

siJli»_.G Tab-taqat, s. f. p. a. 
Power, ability. 

5^13 Tabi, * part. a. a. Depen- 
dent, follower, subject. 'T. kamd. 
To control, to subject. 

jitXjuG Tabi-dar, a. a. p. Depen- 
dent, follower. 

^J:J\^i^3 Tabi-dan, s. /. a. p. Al- 
legiance, obedience, fidelity. 

e;i*jl3 Tabi-in, «. w.^ZMr.0/5^^ a. 
Followers, companions. 

Var^li Ta-ba-kuja, p. How far? 
Whither ? How long ? Till when ? 

t/ilj Ta-ba-kai, p. Till what time? 

' When ? To what length ? How 
much ? How many ? 

jjosi^lj Ta-ba-maqdur, See Ta- 

^ILG Tab-nak, a. p. Hot ; bril- 
liant, bright, shining; passionate. 

^J^iJ\J Tabindagi, s. f. p. Splen- 
dour, brightness. 

2.ujG Tabinda, part. p. Shining. 

«H^lj Tabut, s.m. A. 1. A coffin^ 
a bier. 2. The ark of the covenant 
presented by God to Adam, and which 
(according to Muhammadans) con- 
tained the portraits of all the pro- 

j©^l3 Tabiit-gar, s. m. a. p. Cof- 
fin-maker, undertaker. 

*j13 Taba, s. m. p. A frying-pan, a 

Y^S Tap, s. m. s. Warmth, heat 
s.f. Fever. 

w^bli Tapak, s. m. p. Friendship, 
solicitude of friendship, the anguish 
of love, affection. 

Iijl3 Tapna, v. a. s. To bask, to 
warm one's self, to warm, to heat. 

^Ji^ Tapi, *. /. s. Name of a 

jGG Tat^r, s. m. p. A Tartar. 

^13 Taassur, 8. m. a. Penetra- 
tion, passing through, impression, 
j4^ Tasir, s. f. a. The making 
an impression, impression, effect, 

r^ Taj, s. m. P. A crown, a 
diadem, a cap, a crest, the comb of 
a bird ; name of a suit in cards. 

(Ji^jlj Taj-bakhsh, s. p. A king, 
an emperor, a crown-giver. 

(^jj^^^ Taj-i-kharos, s. m. p. 
A cock's comb ; the cockscomb 
flower (Amaranthus or Celosia). 

jl.Xa.LJ Taj-dar, s. m. p. One who 
wears a crown, a king, a prince. 

j^^ Tajir, s. m. a. h. merchant. 

ji^\j Taj-war, a. p. Possessing a 
crown, s. m. A king, a prince. 

iSj^^ Taj-wari, s.f. p. Royalty, 

«i^lj Ta-chand, p. How many ? 
how long ? by how much ? 

jfjjJ^G Ta-chand-bar, p. How 
often ? how many times ? 

j^joa^G Ta-chunin, p. Hitherto, 
thus far. 

Jla.G Ta-hal, p. a. Yet, hither- 

^G Tdkh, s. m. F. 1. A veil. 2. 
Firewood. 3. Darkness. 

cui.ij Takht, s. f. p. Assault, at- 
tack, incursion, invasion. T. kamd. 
To assault. 

^|;G iZ^-J^ Takht-taraj, s. m. p.. 
Assault and plunder, depredation, 
devastation. Tdkht-otdrdj kama,v. a. 
To ruin, to depopulate. 

j^^ Taakhkhur, a. \. s. m. De- 
lay. 2. (used participially) Retarded, 
postponed ; following. 
*>^ Takhir, *. /.a. Delay, pro- 

( 133 ) 

crastination, impediment. T. hamd. 
To delay, &c. 
jj(*.5lj Ta-dam-zist, p. While 
life remains. 
v_*j^l5 Tadib, *. /. a. Correction, 
chastisement, amendment, erudition. 
T. karnd. To instruct, correct. 

U Tar, s. m.f.v. 1. A thread, a 
wire, the string of a musical instru- 
ment. 2. Darkness, obscurity. T. 
bdndhnd. To continue or repeat an 
action without interruption. T. tutnd. 
To be disjointed or separated. 
IjlJ Tara, s. w. s. I . A star. 2. 
The apple of the eye. 3. The name 
of the wife of the Raja Bali. 

^ijlj Taraj, s. m. p. Plunder, de- 
jyjlj Tar-tor, s. m. p. s. A kind 
of sewing or needlework, open work, 
pulling out some threads. 

ci>jAxx£jU Tar-i-ankabut, s. p. a. 

<J/> Tarik, part. a. a. Leaving. 
s, A deserter. 

UJiJlc(,GTarik-ud-dunyd, a. a. p. 
Abandoning the world, abstinent, 
sober, chaste, s. m. An anchoret, a 

^^13 Tarak, s. m. p. \. The 
crown of the head. 2. A hill, heap, 
head, top, summit. 

iJS/i Tar-kash, *. w. p. A wire- 

ij^j^ Tar-kashi, s. f. p. Wire 
drawing; a kind of needlework. T. 
karnd, To draw wires, &c. 

cff^'-j Tari, s. /. p. Darkness, ob- 

is/* Tdvi, s. f. s. See Tall. 

i->;lj Tarikh, * s. f. a. Date, era ; 
annals, history. 

Jtjssij^ Tarikh-war, adv. a. p. 
Daily, at stated periods. 

vilijlj Tarik, a. p. Dark. 

^♦^a^'^j'j Tarik-chashm, a. p. 

Blind, dim-sighted. 
i^j^ Tariki, *. /. p. Darkness. 
jl5 Tar, s. m. s. The Palm tree 

(Borassus flabelliformis). 
t^j'J Tari, s. f. h. The juice of 

the Palm tree. Toddy. 
jl5 Taz, pa7't. a. p. (In comp.) 

Running, hastening, s. m. Assault, 

attack, race, running. Tdz-o-tdg, 

Toil and labour. 

j^^jlj Taza-gi, s. f. p. Freshness, 
tenderness, greenness, plumpness, 
fatness ; pleasure. 

»;^ Taza, a. p. Fresh, new, green, 
tender, fat, raw ; young ; happy, 
pleased. T. hamd, To renew, refresh, 
recreate. T. Tiond, To be in good 
case, increase, flourish. 

isjdj jsjG Taza-ba-taza, a. p. Fresh 
and blooming. 

Jui.g3lj Taza-khiyal, a. p. Ima- 
gining what is new or fresh ; an in- 

j*i ^jU Taza-dam, s. m. p. Good 
spirits, hilarity, cheerfulness. 

j^ij^ Taza-kar, p. Making fresh 
or anew; beginner, renewer. 

iSj^ij^ Taza-kari, *. /. p. Fresh 
or new work; new-building. 

<i;l> ^j^ Taza-warid, p. a. New- 

t53^ Tazi, a. p. Arabian or Ara- 
bic; Arab (horse). 

AJ^3lJ' Taziyana, s. tn, p. A whip, 
a scourge. T. jafnd, or lagdni, or 
mdmd, v. a. To scourge. 

AJ^t^j*^ Tazi-khana, s. m. p. A 

<^jlj Tazik, s. m. p. A horse of 
mixed breed ; an Arabian colt which 
has grown up in some other country. 

iSSf^y^ Tazi-kutta, s. m. p. h. A 

( 134 ) 

(_rG Tas, «. w. H. 1. Cards. 2. 
Brocade : See Tash. 

»-ft-«tj Taassuf, s. m. a. Brooding 
over affliction, pining, lamenting, 
grief, regret. 

Jilj Tash, s. m. H. Cloth of gold, 

p IJ Tagh, *. m. p. The poplar ; 
the elm ; tamarisk ; a pomegranate ; 
an ensign-staff. 

j^*l3 Taghi, a. a. for f^^. 

*i*lj Tafta, s. m. p. T. A kind of 
silk, taffeta. 2. A colour in pigeons 
and horses ; glossy cream colour. 

j5»Ij Taqi, a. t. Defective (horse), 
having the e5es of two different 
colours, s.f. A kind of hat. 

•-^13 Tak, *. /. s. A look, aim, 
pointing (of a dog). 

«^13 Tak, s. f. p. A vine, gi-apes. 

^b ciG Tak-bak, *. /. h. Nick of 

\sfG Ta-kuja, p. How far ? Till 

liS't* Takna, v. a. s. To stare at, 
aim, spy, look for, see. 

«S'G Ta-ki, p. So that, to the end 
that, until, so long, whither ? 

^V5 Ta-kai, p. Till when ? how 

oji'u Takid, s. f. a.. 1 . Confirma- 
tion. 2. Injunction, ascertaining. 3. 
Superintendence. T. kamd. To en- 
join strictly, urge, press, ascertain. 

•-^V» Tag, 1 s. m. h. A thread. 

1^^ Taga, J Tag-tor, s. m. Lace. 

Ij^ij Tagna, v. a. h. To thread. 

JU Tal, *. m. s. 1. A pond. 2. 
Chime, time in musick, beating time. 
3. Striking the hands on the arms 
previous to fighting. 4. Name of a 
musical instrument. 5. Name of the 
Palm tree and fruit. T. dend, To 
chime, to strike the hands on the 


body before fighting. T. mdmd or 
thonknd. To strike the hand against 
the arms preparatory to wrestling. 
5/13 Tala, *. m. s. A lock. jl 

V^^Talab,^5. m. p. A pond," 
jJ/Ij Talao, J tank, reservoir. 
f^^ Taalluni, s. m. a. Melan- 
choly, grief, torment. 

IJW^J^ Tal-makhana, s. m. a. 
A medicinal herb (Barleria longifo- 
yiJ Talu, s. m. s. 1. The palate, I 
the ridge in the roof of the mouth. 
2. A disorder in horses, the lam- 

^G Tall, ». /. s. LA key. 2. 

Clapping of the hands. T. ek hdth 
se hajni, is used to express an 
impossibility. T. bajdnd. To clap 
the hands (generally by way of cen- 
sure and ridicule), to hoot. T. mdr- 
nd. To hoot, to damn. 

^G Talif, *. /. a. J . Connect- 
ing, uniting in friendship, reconcil- 
ing. 2. Composition, compiling (of 
a book, &c.). 

aV^ Taliqa, s. m. a. An inven- 
tory, a catalogue. 

J* 15 Tamm, a. a. Perfect, entire, 
complete, full. 

l-cG Tama, 1 ^ 

U-B Tamba, /" '"' '■ "^"PP"' 

,y^G Tam-chini, *./. s. Ena- 
melled copper. 
jj.>A>cG Ta-maqdur, p. a. To the 
utmost of one's ability, as much as 

lUG Taammul, s. m. a. Medita- 
tion, reflection, consideration, hesi- 
tation, purpose. T. karnd. To col- 
lect one's self, to consider, to reflect. 
Jy^^ Tameswar, s. m. s. Calx 
or scoriae of copper. 

vyij Tan, 5. /. s. L A note in 

( 135 ) 


musick, a tone. 2. Stretching, knit- 
ting the brows. 
iJC Tana, *. m. s. The warp 
(threads extended lengthways on the 
loom). T. hand karnd, To fidget. 

_)j^UljTana-tariz,A. SeeJ^j^i:;*J=. 

LjjG Tamba, *. m. s. Copper. 

^Q Tant, s. /. s. 1. Catgut, 
sinew, the string of a musical in- 
strument. 2, A loom. T. bdji aur 
rag bujhd, He understood from the 
first word. T. bdndhnd. To silence an 
idle talker. 

^iiU Tanti, *. m. s. A weaver. 

tjsJt; Taannus, s. m. a. Ac- 

^Ij Tanga, s. m. h. A small two- 
wheeled car, without covering, on 
which only one person can sit. 

IJoGTanna, v. a. s. To stretch, 
extend, expand, pull, contract (the 
brows) ; to pitch (a tent). 

j^l3 Tani, *./. s. The warp ; the 
price paid for weaving. 

^U Taanni, *./. a. Delay, pro- 

.i^tj Tanis, s. /. a. Femhiine 

J 13 Tdo, s. p. corrup. of Tab, 
q. V. Tdo dend. To twist; to stroke 
the whiskers; to heat (iron, &c.) T. 
khdnd. To be heated, to be angry. 

jC Tau, 5. m. H. A paternal uncle, 
father's elder brother. 

lyijlj Tawan, s. m. p. Retaliation, 
recompense ; debt ; fine, mulct ; loan ; 
price paid for blood. T. bdndhnd, or 
lend. To fine, to mulct. T. lagdnd. 
To amerce. 

t5Jijlj Tawani, s. f v. Compensa- 
tion, fine, loan, debt. 

lijlj Taona, v. a. s. To heat, to 
urge (a flame or fire) j to prove, as- 
say ; to twist. 

Jjjlj Tawil, s. f. A. Explanation, 
elucidation, interpretation, para- 

813 Tab, s. f. p. A plait, fold, 
ply, multiplicity, perplexity. 

^jAl3 Tahiri, s. f. a. A kind of 
dish, viz. rice boiled with bari (a 
pulse, ground in a wet state mixed 
with spices, and dried in lumps). 

Ja13 Taahhul, a.m. a. Marriage, 
establishing a family. 

^13 Ta-hara, p. Yet, neverthe- 

• less. 

jyokG Td-hanoz, p. Yet, still, 
hitherto, till. 

«-Ajl3 Taib, part. a. m. a. Repent- 
ing, penitent. 

^'^3 Tai, s. f. H. 1. An aunt, 
father's brother's wife. 2. An ear- 
then frying pot. 

«HjC Taid, s.f. A. Aid, assistance, 
corroboration . 

v^ Tab, adv. s. 1. Then, at that 
time. 2. Afterwards. Tab-tak, Tab- 
tori, or -tdin, or -lag. Till then. 

»-J Tab, s.f. P. Fever (See Tap); 

jU3 Tabar, s. m. v. People, nation, 
tribe,race,family. Shahrydr-i-dlitabir, 
A monarch of an illustrious house. 

*Jj^ Tabarak, v. a. Be blessed, 
bless. T. Alldh, God be blessed. 

»Ia3 Tabah, a. v. Bad, wicked, 
depraved, abject, spoiled, ruined, 

^Ia3 Tabahi, *. /. p. Wicked- 
ness, depravity, ruin, wreck, perdi- 
tion. T. khdni. To be afflicted. 

s^J^jaLw Tabahi-zada, a. v. Ruin- 
ed, afflicted, distressed. 

liril^ Tabayun, s. a. Difference, 
contradiction, inconsistency. 

y*:^ Tabahhur, s. m. a. Pro- 
foundness in learning. 

( 136 ) 

jS^s:^ Tabakhtur, *. a. Strutting, 
walking with a haughty gait or a 
rolling motion. 

J.^*3 Tabbaddul, s.m. a.1 Change, 

JoAAJ Tabdil, *./. A. J alter- 
ation, difference, transportation. 
Tabdil-i-makdn, Migration. 
y^ Tabar, s, m. p. A hatchet, an 
axe. T. barddr, A wood-cutter. 

iDjj^ Tabar-zan, s. m. v. A wood- 
cutter, iiatchet-man. 

4^3^ Tabar-zin, *. m. p. A horse- 
man's battle axe. 

iJj^ Tabarruk, s. m. a. 1. Be- 
nediction, congratulation. 2. A por- 
tion of presents (or what is left of 
food, &c. presented to great men) 
given to dependants ; sacred relies. 

iy^f;X) Tabar-gun, a. p. Hollow- 
backed (a horse). 

<^,j^ Tabrid, s. f. a. Cooling, re- 
freshing ; a refrigerant (in medicine). 

ik-AJ Tabassum, s. m. a. A smile. 

j^ Tabassur, s. m. a. Sight, 
distinct perception, attentive consi- 

*i*A*wTabiyat, 5./. A. Obedience. 

&s:H^ Tabancha, 5. m. t. A pistol. 

T. mdrnd. To shoot with or to fire a 

^J^ Tabanni, *. /. A. Adoption. 

*AJ Tabah, a. p. See Tabah. 

^Jg^ Tab-hi, adv. s. At that very 
time. T.-to, Then indeed. T.-se, 
Thence, thenceforth. 

ojuxAj Tabiat, 5. /.a. Following, 

yJ Tap, s. /. s. 1. AVarmth. 2. 
Prayer, adoration. 

yj Tap, 8. f. P. A fever. T. utar- 
nd, To go off (a fever). T. charhnd, 
To come on (a fever). T. kd mut 
jdnd, The breaking out of an erup- 
tion on the hps after a fever. 

tiU3 Tapak, 5. m. p. 1. AfiFe* 
tion, esteem, regard, love, z( 
ardour. 2. Consternation, afflictu 

liUj Tapana, v. a. s. To cause 
another to bask &c. (See Tapna), to 
heat, to cause to glow. 

iJ^ Tap-khala, s. m. p. Break- 
ing out on the lips after a fever, the 

(3<>v^ Tap-i-diqq, s. f. p. a. A 
hectic fever. 

,_5«~^ Tapasi, s. m. s. A devotee. 
T. machhli. The mango fish (Polyne- 
mus paradisea). 

cr^ Tapish, s. f. p. 1. Afflic- 
tion, agitation, palpitation. 2. Heat, 

fc^Y^ Tap-i-ghibb, 5. /. p. a. A 
tertian fever. 

«-i^ Tupak, s. f. T. A musket. 

Lvxw Tapakna, v. n. p. h. To 
throb, to palpitate. T. phore kd. 
The throbbing of a phlegmon or boil 
when coming to suppuration. 

«3^y3 Tap-i-larza, s, m. p. An 

cys^^ Tap-i-muhriq, s. m. p. a. 
An ardent or burning fever. 

sjJb\j^^ Tap-i-muwazaba, p. a. 
A quotidian fever. 

Ua3 Tapna, v. n. s. To glow, to be 
heated ; to frisk. 

ojy y3 Tap-i-naubat, s. f. p. a. 
An intermittent fever. 

t^iioAj Tapidan, s. m. p. Palpitat- 
ing, flouncing, agitation, tremour. 
j|^<>ja3 Tapidan-war, a. p. Agi- 
tated, troubled. 
jli5 Tatar, s. m. p. See Tatar. 
jlij Tatar, s. f. s. Embrocation, 

IjjUJ Tatarna, v. a. s. To embro- 
cate, foment. 


{ 137 ) 

5^ Tatabbu, s. m. a. Following, 
imitation; continuation. T. karnd. 
To search diligently, explore, ex- 
amine, follow, imitate. 

IjUjj Tutlana, v. n. h. To lisp, to 
speak imperfectly as a child. 

aJu Tatimma, s. m. a. An ap- 
pendix, supplement, continuation. 

^*i:^ Tatmim, s. f. a. Comple- 

\j^ Tatahr-a, *. m. -\, s. f. h. 
A vessel for warming water, a kettle. 

.i>iixi Taslis, s. /.A. Trinity; 
dividing into three parts ; a triune 
(aspect of the planets). 

«jjii3 Tasniya, s. m. a. (used ad- 
jectively) The dual (number). 

J Taj, s. f. s. The bay tree or 
its bark (Laurus cassia). 

)^ Tujjar, s. m. a. A merchant. 

eylsr* Tijarat, s. f. a. Trade, com- 

iSj^ Tijari, s. f. «. A tertian 

jjlsr* Tajawuz, s. m. a. Depart- 
ing, transgressing, deviation, oflFend- 
ing, diversity. T. karnd, To err, 
deviate, stray. 

cUl«* Tajahul, *. m. a. Pretend- 
ed ignorance, connivance, apathy, 


isXs:* Tajaddud, *. m."\ a. lle- 

.>j<xsr> Tajdid, s. /. J newal. 

^js* Tajriba, s. m. a. Experi- 
ment, trial, proof, experience, assay, 
probation. T. karnd, To experience. 

jI^aj^ Tajriba-kar, a. a. p. Ex- 
pert, conversant in. 

ijSi^^.r^ Tajriba-kari, s. f. a. i». 

i>j^ Tajarrud, s. m. a. Living 
in solitude, solitude, celibacy. 

ijsy?^ Tijari, s. f. s. See Tijari. 

'Hy^^ Taj rid, s. f. a. Separation, 

solitude, celibacy, (properly, render- 
ing solitary). 

iSj^ Tajazzi, s. f. a. Separating 

into small pieces, analysis. 
U«*««^ Tajassus, s. f. a. Spying, 
exploring, search, inquiry, curiosity, 
inquisitiveness. T. karnd. To spy 
into, search diligently, explore. 

J^ Tajalli,* s.f. a. Splendour, 
brilliancy, lustre, clearness. 

oUV Tajalliyat, j^/wr. 0/ Tajalli, 
A. Lustres, illuminations. 

iUs^ Tajammul, s. m. a. Digni- 
ty, pomp, parade, retinue, furniture, 

l^ Tajna, v. a. s. To abandon, 
desert, quit, leave. 

U*i-^ Tajnis, s. f. p. Making of 
the same kind, resemblance, analo- 
gy ; equivocation ; punning to the 
eye instead of to the ear. T.-i-hhat- 
ti. Writing words which are spelt 
ahke but pronounced differently, a 
sort of equivoque in writing. 
J^j^ Tajwiz, s. f. A. 1. Appro- 
bation, permission. 2. Inquiring 
into, examining, investigation, con- 
sidering. 3. Contrivance, sentence 
judgment, trial, plan. 

^y?^ Tajwif, s.f. A. Hollowing, 
making concave. 

>i^ Taj'hiz, s. f. a. 1. Burial. 
2. Expediting, arranging, adorning. 
T.-i-lushkar karnd. To raise au army. 

Ijl*^ Tachana, v. a. 11. To parch, 
to scorch. 

Ia*^ Tachna, v. n. h. To be heat- 
ed or parched. 

^LsJ Tahashi, s. a. I. Excep- 
tion, putting aside. 2. Fear. 

•-ftjl*^ Tahaif, *•. ])lur. of'J^ a. 
Rarities, curiosities ; presents. 

cus^Taht, *. m. a. 1. The in- 
ferior part, below, under. 2. Sub- 

( 138 ) 


jection, possession. T. men Idnd, To 
conquer, to subjugate. 

\Jx}\<s^ Taht-us-saia, s. m. a. 
Under the earth. 

eUiJlci^ Talit-ush-shua, s. in. 
A. Change of the moon, conjunction 
with the sun. 

^yU^ o«* Taht-i-farnian, *. m. a. 
Subjection, dominion. 

,^c>«3 Taht-lafzi, adv. a. Ver- 
bally, literal translation. 

vi/s3 Taharrulx, s. m. a. Motion, 

jij^ Tahrir,* s. f. a. \. Writ- 
ing correctly, description. 2. Ma- 
numission, a Written, dated. T.-i- 
Uqledas, Euclid's elements. 

ufij^ Tahns, s. f. a. Instiga- 
tion, stimulation. T. kamd,To sti- 
mulate, entice, allure. 

^j^ Tahrik, s. /.a. 1. Move- 
ment, agitation. 2. Incitement, ex- 
citing desire, temptation, encourage- 
ment. T. dend, To touch, move, 
aflfect, encourage. T. J^arnd, To 

*4^^ Tahrima, s. m. a. Griev- 
ing, regretting, regret; condolence, 
j-^ Tahassur, s. in. a. Griev- 
ing, regretting, regret ; condolence. 

^jAsJ 4j«^ Tahs-nahs,a. a. Spoilt, 
broken, dispersed, overthrown, de- 
stroyed, unfortunate. 

tirt-^ Tahsin, s. f. a. Approba- 
tion, applause, acclamation. 

cIj^-ajsJ Tahsil,* s.f. A. 1 .Gain, ac- 
quisition, profit, attainment, learning. 
2. Collection (particularly of reve- 

o3U^ Tahsilat,/;/. o/ Tahsil. a. 
Collections, acquisitions. 

jIa U ^. "e- » Tahsil-dar, s. m. a. p. A 
collector, a tax-gatherer, 

^^iJLk^fl^s^ Tahsil-dari, s. J. a. p. 
Collectorship, tax-gathering. 

liijj-ftar* Tahsil-na, v. a. a. h. To. 
collect, to gather a tax, to oppress, 

e,ls««' Tuhfajat, plur. of *fi«^ a. 
Rarities, &c. 

,_/flar» Tuhfagi, s.f. a. Excellence, 
rarity, beauty, neatness, elegance. 

Aflar' Tuhfa,* s. m, A. A curi- 
osity, a present, a. Rare, uncom- 
mon, excellent, admirable, nice, 
choice, beautiful, odd, singular. 

c>>s*^4fl^ Tuhfa-majun, s. m. a. 
A wag. 

i}As^ Tahaqquq, s. m. a. Ascer- 
tainment, certain knowledge. 
_j^^ Tahqir, s. f. a. Despising, 
scorn, neglect, disdain. 

(}^i^ Tahqiq, a. I. s. f. Ascer- 
taining, investigation, trial, verifica- 
tion, exactness, precision, certainty, 
truth. 2. a. Authentic, ascertained, 
actual, real, indubitable, apparent. 
3. adv. Truly, indeed. 

f^^ Tahakkum,, .s. m. a. Com- 
manding, ruling, dominion, power, 
authority; usurping authority. 

cM^ Tahlil, s. A. 1. Dissolving, 
digestion, concoction, solubility. 2. 
Making lawful. T. hond, To waste, 

cUac^ Tahammul, s. m. a. Pati- 
ence, endurance, long-suffering, re- 
signation, forbearance, truce, peace, 
meekness, humility. 

cli^ Tahmil, s. f. a. 1. Bur- 
thening, imposing a load on. 2. Im- 
portuning, asking more than one's 
jys^ Tahauwur, s. m. a. 1. Haste, 
celerity. 2. Anger. 

Oijs? Tahvvil, s.f. a. 1. Change, 
transfer, renovation, return. 2. Pas- 
sing of the sun, moon, or a planet 
from one sign to another. 3. Trusts, 
charges, cash. 




A. P. A 



ljJL|y=J Tahwil-dar, s. m 
cash-keeper, treasurer. 

fjj\i^j^ Tahwil-dan, s. f. A. p. 
The office of a cash-keeper. 

UUX3S* Tahiyat,* s. f. a. A salu- 
tation, congratulation, prayer, bene- 

j-i^ Tahaiyur, s. m. a. Amaze- 
ment, wonder, astonishment. 

<-ftJli^ Takhaluf. s. m. a. Opposi- 
tion, contention, enmity. 

^i-ar* Takht, s. m. p. A throne. 
T. par baithdlnd. To enthrone. T. 
par baithnd, To reign. T. chhornd, 
I'o abdicate a throne. T. se utdrnu. 
To dethrone. T. yd takhta, A throne 
or a bier (conquer or die, spoken on 
engaging in a desperate enterprise.) 

o-arfo^ 'I'akht-bakht, s. p. 
Throne and fortune (used as a form 
of benediction, especially by women 
to signify wedlock and wealth). 

jl.xii^ Takht-dar, s. m. v. A king. 
tyl>j'^«^ Takht-i-ravvan, s. m. p. 

A travelling throne ; a throne on 

which the king is carried. 

jjl^oot* Takht-gah, s. f. p. The 

royal residence, metropolis. 

iD\JLJ>^s:^ Takht-nishan, p. Seat- 
ing on or bestowing thrones. 

^oJ-iJ>i-ir^ Takht-nishin, *. m, p. 
One sitting on the throne ; a king. 

^ixSJo^jf Takht-nishini, .?. /. p. 
Accession to the throne, reign. 

Aii"* Taklita, s. m. p. 1. A plank, 
board. 2. A bier. 3. A slieet of 
paper. 4. A stool. 5. A bed of 
flowers, &c. 

^^^alas^ Takhta-bandi, s. /. p. 

Wainscot, boarding. 
ii}i,j^ Aii-» Takhta-gai-dan, a. p. 

Thick, broad, and straight- necked 

(a horse). 

s 2 

^disr' Takhta-nard, s. m. p. 

^s:^ Takhti, s. f. p. A small 
plank ; a little board like a slate 
which children write on ; a signet of 
stone ; the breast. 

Vi^ Takhrib, s. f. a. Devasta- 
tion, destruction, razing. 

u^-j-'Aar' Takhsis, s. f. a. Particu- 
larity, peculiarity, appropriating, re- 
serving for one's self. 

a^iiJ Takhfif, *. /. a. 1. Mak- 
ing light, alleviation, lifting up. 2. 
Despismg. 3. Abbreviating. 4. 
Abatement, relief, remission, abrige- 
ment, decrease, diminution, decay. 
5. Softening the pronunciation of 
letters, or changing one letter for 
another (for the sake of euphony). 
T.-i-tasdi, Banishing care, relieving 
pain or trouble. 

J^s:^^-' Takhalkhul, s. a. 1. Put- 
ting on or wearing the ornament 
called khalkhal. 2. Separation. 

uois* Takhallus, s. m. a. The 
titular name assumed by poets; as 
Saudii was the Takhallus of Mirzn 
Muhammad Rafi. 

cUsr' Takliallul, s. m. a. Disturb- 
ance, interruption, discord, dissen- 

ajjW' Takhliya, s. in. a. 1. Eva- 
cuation. 2. Privacy. 3. Manumis- 
sion (of a slave). 4. Divorce (of a 

j^-* Tukhm, s. m. p. Seed ; sperm; 

an egg ; the testicle. 

j^bf^ Tukhm-i-balangu, *. m. 
p. Seed of a cooling quality. 

00^"* Tukhm-i-bad, a. p. Low- 

ijjlzBij^s^ Tukhm-i-raihan, s. m. 
V. The seed of Ocymum pilosum. 
(See Babai). 

( 140 ) 

(jfyijf^ Tukhm-rez), s. f. p. Scat- 
tering seed, sowing. 

>kK f^ Tukhm-i-kahu, *. m. p. 
Seed of lettuce (Lactuca sativa). 

a)^ ^*ar* Tukhm-i-katan,-5. m. p. 

**jir* Tukhina, *. m. a. Indiges- 

_jit<^ Takhmii, *. /. a. Fermen- 
tation, forming into leaven. 

Ua^ Takhminan, adv. a. By 
guess, by appraisement, nearly, about. 

slxs^ Takhmina, s. a. Guess, ap- 
praisement, conjecture, valuation. 

»-aj^ Takhwif, s. f. a. Terrify, 
ing, threatening. 

J**^ Takhaiyul, s. m. a. Fancy- 
ing, imagining, supposing; suspi- 
cion. Plur. Takhaiyuldt, Suspicions, 

^ Tad, adv. s. See Tab. 

•jTjIoJ Tadaruk, s. m. a. I. Re- 
paration, remedy, precaution, pro- 
vision, preparation (particularly to 
obtain justice). 2. The instruments 
and means used to procure justice 
(as writings, lawyers, witnesses). 3. 
Chastisement, retaliation. T. kamd. 
To provide against, prepare, oppose, 

Jjl«x3 Tadawul, s. m. a. Tradition. 

(_£jttX) Tadawi, s. f. a. Adminis- 
tering medicine, cure, healing. 

_j*p.^ Tadbir, s.f. a. 1 . Delibera- 
tion, council, contrivance, opinion, 
advice 2. Government, regulation, 
arrangement, order, management. T. 
-i-saltdnat. s. f. Politics. T.-i-ghizd, 
s. f. Regimen of diet. 

j;a3 Tadarv, s. m. p. A pheasant 
(to whose gait that of a mistress is 

^j<^ Tadrij, *. /. a. Gradation, 

o*^*5 Tadris, s. f. a. Giving 
lectures, instruction by means of 

e;x»«>J Tadfin, s. f. a. Burial, in- 

ljlA<iJ Tidhara, s. m. s. A plant 
(Euphorbia antiquorum). 

j^<^ Tidhar, adv. a. There. 

tirt^^ Tad'hin, s. a. Anointing. 

4iri«>5 Tadaiyun, s. a. Religious- 
ness, constancy in religion. 

»/«ij Taz-kira, s. m. a. I. Me- 
mory, remembrance- 2. A memoir, 
billet, schedule, obligation, hand 
writing. 3. Biographical memoirs 
(especially of poets). 

j^'i^ Tazkir, s. f. a. 1. Mascu- 
line gender. 2. Commemoration, 
bringing to memory, mentioning, re- 
cording, admonishing. 

JjJJ3 Tazhl, s. f. A. Abasement, 

^5 Tar, a. p. 1. Moist, wet, fresh, 
green, young, juicy. 2. A particle 
which forms the comparative in Per- 
sian, as Bih, good,"; Bih-tar, better, &c. 

Jy Ta,v,postpos. s. Under, beneath. 

viP Turab,5. m.A. Earth, ground, 

(jijy Turabi, a. a. Earthen. 

o.>i^ Taraduf, a. I. s. m. Suc- 
cession. 2. a. Uninterrupted, carry- 
ing double (a horse). 

\;}y Tarrara, s. m. h. Rapidity. 

T. bharnd. To gallop. 
^j^Ji Tarazu, s. f. p. A scale, bal- 

t^ly Tiras, s. 1. *. /. Thirst. 2. 

s. m. Fear. 
^1^5 Tirasi, a. s. Eighty- three. 

tJ>\Ji Tarash, p. 1. part. a. (In 
comp.) Cutting. 2, s. f. Cutting, 
cut, paring, shape, form. T. ddlnd, 
To pare oflf or away. 

( HI ) 


^J,\JS>.^J^^ Tarash-kharash, s. f. 
V. Shape (particularly, good), neat- 
ness of form. 

liAly Tarashna, v. a. v. u. 1 . To 
cut, clip, shape, cut out ; shave. 
Apne-tain tardshnd, To be vain, to 
value or esteem one's self above 

*-«l/J Tarasha, s. m. p. Shaving, 
splinter, chip, shred. 

c^yiH Tarakri, s.f. h. The beam 
of a balance. 

ftS\J> Tarakum, s. m. a. Heaping 
together, the being thickly collected 

lily Tirana, or Tarana, v. a. s. 
'J'o cause to pass over or swim. 

01^ Tarrana, v. n. h. To grum- 
ble, murmur. 

«_jjly Tiranauwe, a. s. Ninety- 

&Jly Tarana, s. m.v. 1 . Modula- 
tion, harmony, voice, song, melody, 
symphony, thrill, shake, quaver. 2. 
A kind of song. T. parddz, Com- 
posing songs. 

Jijjy Tarawish, s. f. p. Distilla- 
tion, dripping, exudation. 

(S]j^ Tarai, s. f. h. A marsh, 
mead, meadow. 

^^LS^y Tarai-khewa, a. h. Liv- 
ing" in or near water, water-fowl, 
water-spaniel, &c. 

w^ Tarb, s. f. h. A musical tone. 

'r'y Turb, *. m. p. A radish. 

vi^^ Turbat, s. f. a. A tomb, a 

^J^Ji Turbati, a. A. Sepulchral* 

^jj Tar-ba-tar, a. p. Complete- 
ly wet. Tar-ba-tar hand. To drip with 
wet, to be covered with blood. 

<ijy Turbad, or Turbid, *. m. a. 
A purgative Indian root (Convolvu- 
lus turpethum). 

arbuz, "^ 
\arbuz, J 

s. m. p. a water- 
melon (Cucur- 

JiP Tarbuz, 

j^u? Tarbu> 
bita citrellus). 

•^^^ Tarbiyat, *./. a. Education, 
instruction, tuition, breeding, cor- 
rection. T. karnd. To educate, in- 
jjj^<juuji Tarbiyat-pazir, a. a. p. 
Docile, tractable. 

^Ji Tarbi, s. f. a. Dividing into 
four J making a quadrangular or 
square figure. (In astronomy) a quad- 
rangular aspect of the stars, a quar- 
tile, quadrature. 

ij^Ji Tirpan, a. s. Fifty-three. 

y>jy Tirpauliya, s. m. s. A build- 
ing with three doors or arches. 

i£>ji Turt, Turtao, and Turt- 
phurt, adv. s. Instantly, directly, 

lil^ Tirtirana, v. n. ii. To tric- 
kle, to drop. 

«-*ijp Tartib, s. f. a. Arrange- 
ment, disposition, order, method. T. 
dend. To order, arrange, &c. 

lyUa^ Tarjuman, s. m. a. An in- 

A*a^ Tarjama, or Tarjuma, s. m. 
A. Translation, interpretation. T. 
navis, s- m. A. p. A translator. 

fJift? Tarjih, *. /. a. Gaining a 
superiority, preference, excellence, 
pre-eminence. Tarjih-i-bild muraj- 
jah, Unreasonable preference. T. 
rakhnd, To excel, surpass. 

,^'xi ^^Ji Tarji-band, s. a. p. A 
kind of stanza in which one line re- 
curs at stated intervals. 

U^y Tirchha, a. s. Crooked, 
across, crosswise, bent ; pervierse ; af- 
fected, foolish. T. dekhnd. To squint. 
T. lagna, 'i'o strike obliquely. T. 
dnkh karnd, To look angrily, to cast 
unkind looks, s. Leer, ogle, side 


( 142 ) 



Ulf».>l Tirchhana, s. 1. v. a. To 
crook, to place crosswise. I.v. n. 
To be perverse or affected, &c. 

»2*^A^ Tar-chhat, s. f. h. See 

^j> Tarahhum, *. m. a. Pity, 
compassion, kindness, mercy. 

f^Ji Tarkhim, s. f. a. Abbrevi- 
ation, contraction, apocope (in gram- 

ii^ Taraddud, *. m. a. 1 . Irreso- 
lution, hesitation, fluctuation, suspen- 
sion of judgment, anxious considera- 
tion. 2. Debating, rejecting, contri- 
vance. T.-i-dunyavi, Attention to 
worldly affairs. 

♦i***>/ Tar-dast, a. p. Expert, 

^J^^y Tar-dasti, s. f. p. Ex- 
pertness, activity. 

<^.iji Tardid, s. f. a. Repelling, 
opposing. Harf-i-tardid, The dis- 
junctive conjunction ya, or. 

crp Tars, s. m. h. Compassion, 

uir* Tars, *. m. p. Fear, terror. 

Uj/» Tarsa, s. m. p. A christian, 
a fire-worshipper or guebre, a pagan, 
an infidel. 

e;Up Tarsan, a. p. Fearful, timid. 

IJL^ Tarsana, v. a, s. To cause 
to long, to tantalize, to tease. 

*«5-V* Tirsath, a. s. Sixty-three. 

\'\j»Ji Tarasna, v. n. s. To long, to 
desire anxiously ; to })itv. 

xjlx^y Tars-nak, a. p. Timid, 

u.rtP Tarson, adv. ii. The third 
day past or to come. 

(J*-^ Tarsil, s. a. Sending, trans- 

i^y Turshj a. p. 1. Sour, harsh. 
2. Ill tempered, crabbed. 

^Jll^y Turshai, s. f. p. h. Sour- 
ness, acidity, harshness. 

UUp Turshana, v. n. p. h. To 

Ji'y Tarashshuh, *. m. a. Exud- 
ing, dropping, dripping, distilling ; 
a small rain. 

Xj^y Tursh-rii, a. p. Cynical, 
morose, surly, stern, hard-farmed, 

^Jsjjtt^ Tursh-taba, or -mizaj, a. 
p. Sour-tempered, harsh. 

li-iyj Tarashna, v. n. p. h. To be 
cut or pared. 

ljl^-i;J Tarashwana, v. «. p. h. To 
cause to cut or pare. 

«-*»J Tursha, s. p. Wild sorrel. 

^^Ji Turshi, *. /. p. Sourness, 
acidity, harshness. T. bddi, a. Acid 
or flatulent (a medical term). 

^^y Tarassud, s. m. a. Expecta- 
tion, hope. 

V^> Targhib, 5. /. a. Exciting 
desire, temptation, stimulation. T. 
dend. To set agog, to egg on, to 

v-Jy Taraqqub, *. m. a. Con- 
templating, expectation, hoping. 

^Ji Taraqqi, s. f. A. 1. Promo- 
tion, preferment, advancement. 2. 
Increase. 3. Making progress in 
learning, proficiency. 

iyiy Taiqiq, *. /. a. Softening, 
thinning, dilation. 

^y Tarqim, s. f. a. Writing, 

dy Turk, s. m. a. p. A soldier ; 
a Musalmiin (properly a Turk, which 
in Persian takes many other mean- 

^y Tark, s. m. A. Abandoning, 
leaving, deserting. T.-i-adab, Dis- 

( 143 ) 


<s)K^ Tarkan, s. f. h. Esculent 

jliSy Turk-taz, s. m, v. n 1 . In- 

iS'i^^j^ Turk-tazi, *. /. p. J road, 
depredation, attack. 2. Feigned anger 
(of lovers). 3. Walking affectedly, 
or with a tossing about of the body. 

^ji Tirkuta, s. m. s. A mixture 
of dry ginger, long-pepper and black- 

.♦^^y Tark-chashm, s. v. A 
captivating eye. 

^.ij*. ySy Turk-sawar, s. m. p. A 
horseman, a trooper. 

Ji^ji Tai-kash, *. m. p. A quiver. 
T. band, Wearing a quiver. 

(Jsy Tarkul, s. m. %. The fruit of 
the Tar tree (Borassus fiabelliformis). 

^yo^Ji Turk-mizaj, a. p. Wick- 
ed, depraved ; sly. 

t/y Turkan, ^ s, /. p. h. A 

^Ji Turkani, J Turkish wo- 

jUjkj^ Turk-o-taz, *. m. p. See 

^y Tarka, *. wi.'A. The estate of 
of a deceased person. 

Jji Turkic p. 1. a, Turkish. 2. 
s. m. A kind of horse. T. tamdm 
hut, Spoilt, destroyed. 

<r^ji Tarkib, s. f. a. Composi- 
tion, mixture, cement, make, form, 
mechanism. T. karnd, To organize. 

j\.^ji Tarkib-dar, a. a. p. Well 

tj^y Tarkibi, a. a. Composed, 

mixed, artful, artificial. 

^*^ Turmati, s.f. h. A kind of 

I.;*;J Tirmira, s. m. h. 1. A spot 
ofoil, &c. floating on water. 2. An 
ocular spectrum or spark appearing 
before the eye from the internal state 
of that organ. 

IJJ^'o^ Tirmirana, v. n. h. 1. To 
vibrate, dazzle, thrill, shake. 2. To 
glisten as oil or grease swimming on 

>5*Aly0jj Tirmirahat, *. /. h. Vi- 

Lsyy Tirmiri, s. f. s. Vertigo, 

W^y Turmis, s. a. The lupine, 
the Turkish lupine. 

tJ/3 Tarna, v. n. s. To pass over, 
to be ferried, to be saved. 

IJp Tirna, v. n. s. To swim. 

(i^jlj^ Taruna-pan, s. s. h."! Ado- 

t^ljy Tarunai, *./. s. J les- 
cence, youth, puberty. 

^y Turunj, 5. m. a. A citron. 

tr^A^J Taranjubin, or Tarangu- 
bin, s. m. p. 1. Manna (produced 
from the Hedysarum alhagi). 2. (by 
this name some call) Honey mixed 
with lime-juice. 

f^Ji Tar annum, s, m, a. A song, 

j^jy Tar war, s. f. s. A'sword, a 

ij'hy Tar-o-taza, a. p. New, 
fresh; cheerful. 

iJj^jy Tar-0-tazagi, s. f. P. New- 
ness, freshness. 

kj)J> Tarwariya,5. m. s. A swords- 
man, fencer. 

<«>jj>y Tiraunda, s. m. s. A buoy, 
a beacon. 

xy Tara, *. m. p. Garden herbs, 
pottage, greens. T.farosh, A green- 

ouk^ Tirhut, *. /. s. Name of a 

district (in the north of Bengal). 
>xj sji Tara-tez or -tezak, s. m. p. 
Garden cresses (Lepidium sativum). 

^^y Turhi, s. /. ii. A trumpet, 
a clarion. 

( 144 ) 


^^Ji Turaij s. f. ii. A kind of 
cucumber (Cucumis acutangulus). 

iSj^ Tarfj *. /. p. 1. Moisture, 
freshness. 2. Sujjar. T. se, By water. 

ckj* Tiryaq, *. in. a. 1. Treacle ; 
opium. 2- An antidote. 

(3jjI^ {3iy Tiryaq- famq, *. m. a. 

Tlie name of a medicine. 
>^kji Tiryak, s. m. p. See Tiryaq. 

f^ji fsy Tiri-biri, a. h. Dispersed. 

JJp Tiriz, s.f. p. The pieces in 
a vestment that are cut transversely 
or diagonally. 

y^y Tarin, p. A particle added 
to Persian adjectives to form the 
superlative degree. 
«xup Tirend, 1 s. m. s. A float, 
(.^^Tirenda,/ a buoy. 

tiljJ Turana, v. a, s. To cause to 

•jIjJ Taraya, *. m. h. Gaudiness, 

in dress, wearing smart clothes. T. 

ddr. One who dresses well, 
yjj Tarap, s.f. h. Hurry, haste, 

outrageousness, explosion, leap,jurap. 
vjljjj Tarpana, v. a. u. 1. To put 

into great agitation. 2. To cause to 

flutter or stumble. 
l*Jjp Tarapna, or Taraphna, v. h. 

H. 1. To flutter, to palpitate. 2. To 

be very desirous about anything ; to 

be agitated, to writhe, jump, spring, 

bound, wriggle, toss. 
^y Taraph, s. f. h. Agitation, 

tossing about, palpitation. 
^^y Tarphana, v. a. h. See 


^\j^y Tarpharana, v. n. h. To 

flutter, palpitate. 
»2*At>«Jj' Tarpharahat, s.f. ii. Act 

of fluttering, palpitation. 
^*y Taraqna. See Tarakna. 
^\yy Tartaraua, v. n. h. To 


trickle, drop, patter, bluster, welter ; 

to warp or crack with noise. 
£*A\jiy Tartarahat, *. /. ii. The 

act of dropping. 
^y Tarka, s. m. h. Dawn of day 

Tarke, ado. In the morning, early. 
LiSjJ Tarakna, v. n. h. To be crack 

ed or split. 
^[yy Turwana, v. a. s. To cause 

to break, &c. 
«^!>3 Tazayud, *. m. a. Increase. 

tlJ>J Tuzuk, s. m. T. I. Retinue, 
pomp. 2. Regulation, ordinance, in- 

jyy Tazalzul, s. m. a. Commo- 
tion, agitation, trepidation ; an earth- 

y^y Tazwir, s. f. a. Imposture^ 
fraud, deceit, stratagem, deception, 

^y Tazin, s. f. a. Dressing one's 
self, decoration, ornament, honour, 

^y Tazela, s. m, p. Atazi (Arab) 

tjJ Tis, itrfleci. pron. h. That, 
which, &c. Tis-par or Tis-pa, besides, 
over and above, moreover, yet, never- 
theless, then, after that, thereon, 
whereat. Tis par bhi, Thereon, never- 

^L3 Tasamuh, s.m. a. 1. Reci- 
procal indulgence, mutual kindness 
and forgiveness, connivance. 2. Dou- 
ble dealing. 

j_5-jLJ Tas^wi, s. f. A. Similaritj', 
sameness, equality, neutrality. 

lULj Tasahul, s. m. a. 1. Con- 
niving at, pardoning. 2. Careless- 
ness, apathy. 

fi^ Tasbih, s. /.a. 1. The act 
of praising God. 2. A rosary, a 
thaplet of beads (not applied to a 
Hindu rosary). 


( 145 ) 


«iLi.-Ax«j Tasbih-khana, s. a. A 

iyl^i.-jo-J Tasbih-khvvan, a. p. I. 

Saying prayers. 2. A person hired 
to pray for another, a private chap- 
j^l^ -)j>-.3 Tasbih-khvvani, s. f. 

A. p. The office of a Tasbih-khwan, 

ji!^ Tasakhkhur, *. m. a. 1. 
Ridicule. 2. Subduing or making 

jis^ Taskhir, s. f. a. Imprison- 
ing, captivating, subduing, taking a 
stronghold. T.-i-qulub, Captivating 

j_^A-J Tasdis, s. f. a. Dividing 
into six parts ; a sextile aspect of the 

^ Tasar, s. m. s. A kind of 
coarse silk, the produce of a kind 
of silk- worm (Bombyx paphia) that 
feeds on the A'san (Terminalia alata 

^ Tisa, a. a. Nine. 

eri^ Taskin, s. f. a. Consola- 
tion, comfort, pacifying. T. deiid, 
To appease, pacify, sooth, calm, as- 

^J^.^^ySiJi Taskin-bakhsh, a. A. 
p. Assuasive, mitigating. 

JJLj Tasalsul, s. m. a. 1. Con- 
necting like a chain, association of 
ideas, infinite series, succession. 2. 
Flowing (as water, &c.). 

JaLJ Tasallut, s. m. a. Domina- 
tion, sway, absolute rule. 

^J^^ Tasalli, s. f. a. Consolation^ 

' comfort, solace. T. dend, To com- 
fort, console, animate, exhilarate, 
assure. T. hond, To be comforted, &c. 

^aI-j Taslim, *. /.A. I . Delivery, 
consignment, recommending to the 
care or protection of another. 2. 

Saluting most respectfully. 3. Health, 
security. T. bajd land, To make 
obeisances. T. hond, To be resigned 
or committed. 

^-^ Tasma, *. m. p. A thong, a 
strap of leather. T, khainchnd, To 

(Ji^^i^ Tasma-kash, s. m. v. A 
strangler, a mute, 

&^^i Tasmiya, s. m. a. Nomina- 
tion, giving a name to. 

y^ Tassu, s. m. p. An inch. 

c>^ Tisut, s. H. See Turbad. 

o-yJ Taswid, *. /.A. 1. Making 
black. 2. The draught of a letter, a 
rough copy, sketch, plan, delineation. 

^J^Ji Tasannun, s. m. A. The 
being or becoming a Sunni. 

<SoL*j Tashabuh, s. m. a. Simili- 
tude, resemblance, likeness. 

6S\Jijj Tashakul, s. m. a. Mutual 

*^ Tashabbuh, s. m. A. Resem- 
blance, similitude. 

«J^^ Tashbih, s. f. a. A simile, 
comparison, allegory, metaphor. 
Harf-i-tdshbih, Adverb of similitude. 

oJiJ Tasht, s. m. p. A platter, 
bason, charger, salver. 

vi-lio Tashattut, s. m. a. Disper- 
sion, distraction, separation. 

f^jxi^ Tashtari, s, f. n. A salver, 
small plate, saucer. 

oAsA^ Tashakhkhus, *, m. a. 
Identifying, particularizing, appro- 

tjflAi^ Tashkhis, *. /. a. Distin- 
guishing perfectly, correct diagnosis 
(a medical term) ; valuation ; assess- 

i<xiJ Tashaddud, A. 1. *. m. Seiz- 
ing or holding firmly or by force. 2. 
a. Strong, robust, corroborated, con- 


( 146 ) 


OJiUJ Tashdid, s. /.a. 1. Con- 
solidating, corroboration. 2. Putting 
the orthographical mark Tashdid 
over letters which denotes that they 
should be pronounced double. 3. 
The character Tashdid itself. 

fj*i3 Tasharru, s. m. A. The ordi- 
nances of a prophet, particularly the 
laws of Muhammad ; acting agreea- 
bly to those laws. 

^y^ Tashn% *./. a. 1. Expla- 
nation, declaration. 2. Anatomy, 
dissecting a body. 

*Jiiy*>j Tashrif, s. f. A. Honour- 
ing, exalting ; investing with a splen- 
did robe. T. arzdni farmdnd, and 
T. farmdnd, mean. To go or to come. 
T. lejdnd, To go, and T. Idnd, To come 
(t. e. to honour with one's presence), 
are never said of one's self except by 
a king. 

^JiSJ Tashaffi, s. /.a. 1. Conso- 
lation. 2. Becoming calm (after 
anger), calmness. [inR- 

*2ixio Tashakkuk, s.m. a. Doubt- 

„J-i3 Tashaunuj, s. m. a. The 
cramp, convulsion, spasm. 

t£ix*j Tashank, *. m. p. An iron 
instrument for piercing walls. 

^/^^ Tishnagi, *. /. p. Thirsty, 

*xij Tishna, a. p. Thirsty. T.- 
i-khun, Blood-thirsty. T. karnd, To 
make thirsty {met.) To create desire? 
to tempt. T. lab, a. Thirsty. T. 
lahi, s.f. Thirstiness. 

^^^ Tashui, *. /. A. Disparag- 
ing, slandering, taunting, reproach. 

t^^-^J Tashwish, s. f. a. Confu- 
sion, distraction, anxiety, grief, dis- 
quietude, alarm, apprehension. 

^^ Tashahhud, s. m. a. Mak- 
ing a profession of one's religion ; 
avowing belief in the unity of God 
and the mission of Muhammad. 

^;^^ Tashhir, *. /.a. 1. Pro- 
claiming, publishing, reciting in pub- 
lic. 2. Marking a criminal, public 

iri^ Tashaiyukh, s. m. a. Osten- 
tatious pretence to or display of rank 
or dignity. 

wjij^j^ Tashaiyu-maz'hab, a 
1. Heresy. 2. The sect of Shia, fol- 
lowers of All. 

iiHi^i Tashaiyun, s. m. a. Dis- 
playing of state, dignity, ostentation. 

^LcLi Tasaud, s. in. a. Ascending, 
becoming difficult. 

(-LuL^Tasanif, s. plur. of v-ft^i-Aj 
A. Literary compositions. 

.^^ Tas'liih, s.f. a. Rectifica- 
tion, correction, verifying, illustrat- 
ing, attestation. 

g^xxf^ Tas'liiha, s. m. a. Must- 
er. Ddgk-i-tas'hiha, The office in 
which horses taken up for service are 

Jix^ Tas'hif, s. f. A. 1. Mak- 
ing an error in writing. 2. Writing. 
3. Changing the diacritical points so 
as to alter the pronunciation and 
meaning of a word. 

^StXAflj Tasadduq, s. m. a. 1. Giv- 
ing alms (particularly with a religi- 
ous view). 2. Alms. 3. Sacrificing, 

^,i^ Tasdi, s. f. A. The head- 
ache ; affliction, trouble, anxiety. 

^JJ^i^ Tasdiq, s. f. a. Verifying, 
attesting, acknowledging as true, 
appeal. T.-ibild tasauwur. Presup- 

iJy^ Tasarruf, s. m. a. 1. Pos- 
session, use, sway. 2. Expenditure, 
disposal, embezzlement, extravagance. 
T. karnd, or T. men lend, To take or 
get possession of. Plur. Tasarrufdt, 
(generally means) The sum total of 



( 147 ) 

y»;*a5 Tasarrufi, s. f. a. Com- 
mon provisions given to dependants 
&c. (Khassa being what the Master 
and his company eat). 

fi/^ Tasrih, s. f. a. Evidence, 
manifestation, explanation, narration. 

diij^ Tasrif, s. f. a., I . Conju- 
gation, declension, inflection (in 
grammar). 2. Changing, turning, 

yt*^ Tasghir, s. f. a. Diminu- 
tion, a diminutive noun. 

*ift-^ Tasfiya, s. m. a, 1. Purify- 
iqg (particularly the mind from ill 
will), purgation. 2. Reconciliation, 

fc^Laj Taslib, *. /. a. Crucifixion. 

^-flj Tasmim, s. f. a. Resolve, 

^^ Tasannu, s, m. a. Specious- 

•-fljj-^ Tasnifj* s. f. a. Inven- 
tion, composition. 

jj^ Tasauvvur, s. m. a. Imagin- 
ing, contemplation, meditation, re- 
flection, fancy, conception, precon- 
ception, apprehension. 

kjyc3 Tasauwuf, s. m. a. The 
theology of the Siifis w mystics of the 
East ; mystery, contemplation. 

jiycii Taswir, s. f. a. A picture, 
aa image. T. bandnd or T. khainch- 
na, To draw, to paint. 

^Uoj Tazadd, s. m. a. Contradic- 
tion, contrariety, absurdity, incon- 

JlUae-" Taz'hik, *. /. a. Mocking, 
derision, ridicule. 

fj^ Tazarru, s. m. a. Supplica- 
tion, lamenting. 

4iHt*^ Taznun, s.f. a. 1. Giving 
satisfaction for an injury. 2. Com- 
prehending or including one thing 
in another. 3. Inserting the verses 
T 2 

of another in one's own poem. 4. 
Giving security. 5. Intrusting with 
another. 6. Lending on interest. 7- 
Putting in a purse or strong box. 
T. karnd. To insert the verses of 
another in one's own poem, making 
the one correspond with the other. 

^i^TazJ5. /. A. Spoiling, wast- 
ing, idling away time. T.-i-auqdt, 
Idling away time ; ennui, weariness. 

<-flJi*-^ Tazif, *./. A. Doubling. 

(JH^ Tatabuq, s. m. a. Similari- 
ty, congruity, analogy, coherence, 

Jjlkj Tatawul, s. m. a. Usurpa- 
tion, tyranny, conquest, rudeness, in- 

J^jjAki Tatblq, s. f. A. 1 . Com- 
paring, likening. 2. Drawing up in 
line or making to confront (as two 

di^ Tatwil, s. f. a. Extending, 
lengthening, prolonging, stretching 
out, prorogation. 
^t^5 Tat'hir, s.f. a. Purification, 
purgation, sanctification. 

1*^ Tazallum, s. m. a. Groan- 
ing under oppression, injustice, in- 

«-J;l*3 Tadruf, s. m. a. 1. Mutual 
acquaintance. 2. Rule, fashion, cus- 

<-*i>Uj Ta^qub, *. m. a. Pursuit ; 
persecuting ; alternate succession, 

aA^'J^ Taal allah, interj. a. Good 

J(jJ JU3 Ta^ltadl, interj. a. Good 
God ! Bravo ! 

j^t«3 Ta$ld, a. a. Most high. 
Tadla-lldh, The most high God. 

iDj^ Ta^wun, *. in. a. Assist- 
ance, conspiring. 

V^ Ta^b, s. m. f. a. Labour, 
lassitude, weariness, toil, trouble. 

( 148 ) 

^yxwu T^tbir, s. /.A. 1. Explana- 
tion, interpretation (particularly of 
dreams). 2. Attribute, quality. 

_^tHr^*3 Tabir-go, s. m. a. p. An 
interpreter of dreams. 

«jrfJo Tabiya, s. m. a. Arrange- 
ment, disposition ; drawing up of an 
army ; inlaying. 

«-j^s=*J Taajjubj s. m. a. Wonder- 
ing, admiration, astonishment, amaze, 

dis*J Tajil, s. f. A. Agility, haste, 
despatch, expedition. 

^|A*3 Tidad, or Tadad, s. f. a. 
Number; computation, enumeration. 

iS<^ Taaddi, s.f. a. Extortion, 
exorbitancy, oppression, wrong, in- 
jury, tyranny, violence, cruelty. 
j5j6 Taazzur, s. m. a. An apolo- 

jj^ Tazir, s. f, a. Apologizing, 
subterfuge, excuse. 

^Je^ Taarruz, s.m. a. Resisting, 
preventing, hindrance, obstacle, op- 
position, impediment. 

U^j*^ Tariz, s. /.a. 1 . Enlarg- 
ing; making conspicuous; render- 
ing obnoxious. 2. Ambiguity in 
speech or hinting at a subject ob- 
scurely, insinuation of evil ; rendering 
intricate; making writing illegible. 
8. Not dressing meat sufficiently. 4. 
Opposing, objecting. 5. Barter, ex- 

*-Aij*^ Tavif, s.f. A. Explanation, 
description ; praise, praising ; asser- 
tion. T.-ul-majhul bi-l-majhul, Ex- 
plaining in terms as little understood 
as the thing to be explained. 

,j5%;*3 Tarifi, a. a. Commenda- 
' ble, notable. 

*S'^ Taziyat, s. f. a. Condo- 
lence, lamentation, mourning. T. 
niima, s. m. Letter of condolence. 

^j*i Tazir, s. f. a. Punishment, 
correction, reproof, censure, repri- 

cl|>«3 Tazil, s. f. A. Removing or | 

deposing from office. 

&jyj Taziya, s. m. a. 1. See Ta- 
ziyat. 2. The representation of the 
tomb of Hasan and Husain which is 
thrown into the river at the anniver- 
sary of the Muharram. T. khdna, 
s. m. The place of Taziya. T.-ddr, or 
T.-gir, One who observes the mourn- 
ing in the Muharram, and T.-ddri, 
s. f. The observance of it. T. lend. 
To observe the mourning during the 
Muharram, to go into mourning. 

(3-ixj Taashshuq, s. m. a. Being 
or falling in love ; making love. 

V'axj Taassub, s. m. a. Preju- 
dice for or against, bigotry, super- 
stition, religious persecution. 

Jk«3 Taattul, s. m. a. 1. Idle- 
ness. 2. Having no bracelets or 
other ornaments. 

Jit*3Tatil, *./. A. 1. Abandon- 
ing, neglecting. 2. Rendering use- 
less. 3. Laying waste, vacation. 
(Friday is the T. kd roz of Musal- 
man school boys). 

j»^3 Taazzum, s. m. a. Magni- 
ficence, grandeur, pride, arrogance. 

^jJaxj T^zini, s. f. A. Reverence, 
respect, honour, treating with cere- 
mony and respect, honouring, gentil- 
ity, politeness. 

{J^ Taaffun, s. m. a. Stink, 

V^«J Taaqqub, s. m. a. Punish- 
ment, chastisement. 

d**5 Taaqqul, s. m. a. Under- 
standing, perceiving, informing. 

(3^5 Taalluq, s.m. a. 1 Relation- 
ship, connexion, dependance, proper- 
ty, possession, appertaining. 2. Con- 
sideration, reflexion. 3. Commerce, 

( 149 ) 

correspondence. 4. A manor, a lord- 
ship. T. ddr, s. m. A. landholder. 
T.-i-dunyavi, Worldly concerns. 

olaliu Taalluqatj s. plur. of Taal- 
luq, V. s, 

«fci*j Taalluqa, s. m. A. 1. Con- 
nection, relationship. 2. Possession 
of land, fee, manor, lordship. T. ddr, 
Possessor of an estate, lord of a 
manor, landlord, feoflfee. 

lUx') Taallul, *. m. a. Procrasti- 
nation, excuse, objection. 

^ Taallum, s. m. a. Learning, 
knowledge, being taught ; study. 

,J-^ Taalli, s.f. a. Exalting one's 
self, appearing conspicuous. 

(3i^5 Taaliq, *. /. a. 1 . A kind of 
writing used by the Persians. 2. 
Suspension ; delaying. 

*ijJ*5 Taaliqa, s. m. a. An inven- 

tS^ Tain, s. /.a. 1. Causing 
one to make an excuse, occasioning. 

2. Changing one of the weak letters 
for another (in grammar). 

ciUlio Talilat, a. pi. ofdi^*-'i v. s. 

^»Jil*3 Talim, *. /. a. 1. Teaching, 
instruction, tuition. 2. Copying fine, 
writing accurately. 

(j^xi Taammuq, s. m. A. 1. Deep- 
ness. 2. Penetrating, going deep into. 

^♦*3 Tamir, s. f. a. 1. Rebuild- 
ing, building, preparing. 2. Making 
a place habitable, productive and po- 

*i^J Tamiya, *. m. a. 1. Act of 

rendering blind. 2. Concealing the 
meaning of a sentence or discourse. 

3. An enigma. 

<>J>*3 Tavviz, s. m. a. 1 . Having 
recourse to the Deity, asking protec- 
tion. 2. A charm, an amulet. 

t}ij»^ Tawiq, s.f. a. Suspending, 
preventing, delaying, averting. 

f^^i Taahhud, *. m. a. Agree- 
ment, engagement, rent. 

t.^Jt*j Ta'aiyush, 5. w. a. 1. Re- 
joicing. 2. Procuring a livelihood by 
labour and industry. 

iij^jo Ta'aiyun, s. m. a. Manifes- 
tation, appointing, appointment, esta- 
blishing, assigning, deputing. 

i:,H^ Ta'in, *. m. a. Appointing, 
deputation, appointment. 

cijLuAj Ta'inat, s. m. a. Appoint- 
ments, appointment, business. 

ci>Lu*j Ta'aiyunat, s. a. plur. of 

^yUa*5 Ta'inati, s.f. a. The object 
or business of an appointment, &c., 
tour of service. 
jl*J Taghar, s. m. p. A tub, buck- 
et, trough, pail, platter. 

t^jtij Taghari, s. f. p. A small 
tub, trough, or bucket. 

JiLij Taghaful, S. m. a. 1. Neg- 
ligence, neglect, indifference, inatten- 
tion, inadvertency. 2. Being absorb- 
ed in sleep. T. shidr or T. kesh, a. 
Careless, inattentive. 

jjHj Taghayur, s. m. a. Differ- 
ence, diversity. 
^M^ Taghziya, s, m. a. Food, 


<-a1*^ Taghallub, s. m. a. Taking 
advantage,cheating, imposition, forge- 
ry, embezzlement. 

<W*J Taghina, s. m. a. A mark 
which artists put upon their produc- 
tions, device on a shield, medal. 

^^ Taghanni, s. f. a. Singing, 
cooing, celebrating a mistress in 
verse, contentment. 

yt*^ Taghir, s. f. a. Alteration, 
change, a. Changed, discharged. T. 
karnd, To remove from an office, dis- 
miss, alter. T. kond, To be altered, 
removed, &c. 


( 150 ) 

ol^jjiJ TaghirUt, a. s. plur. of 

Taghir, v, s. 
ji*i Taghaiyur, *. m. a. Change, 
alteration, removal. 

iSj^ Taghiri, s. f. a. h. The 
state of alteration or change, dis- 
charge, dismission, revolution. 
j^ Taghyir, *. /. a. See Taghir. 

•-flj Tuf, *. m.v. 1. Spittle, saliva. 
2. Execration, curse. 

•-W Taf, *. m. p. Vapour. 
jaJia Tafakhui", s. m. a. Boasting, 

Cj^ Tafaruq, s. m. a. Division, 

(3j;li5 Tafariq, a. *. pi. of&Sja. 

ojlfij Tafawut, a. I. *. r». Dis- 
tance ; difference, distinction, dis- 
parity. . 2. a. Distant, separate, away, 
absent. T. bolnd. To prevaricate. 

JjliJ Tafawul, *. m. a. See Jj^. 

^/^ Taftagi, *. /. p. (In comp.) 
Heat, ardour, trouble of mind, &c. 

*jii Tafta, a. p. Hot, burning, 
melted, s. m. Quicklime. 

Ji-^ Taftish, s. f. a. Examina- 
tion, inquiry, search, investigation, 

js^ Tafajjur, s. m. a. Suppura- 
tion, bursting forth. 
u^a=^ Tafahhus, s. m. a. Inves- 
tigation, inquiry, search, disquisition. 

^f^ Tafakhkhur, *. m. a. Pride, 
boasting, arrogance. 

^jw Tafarruj, s. m. a. Recrea- 
tion, amusement, relaxation of mind. 

^^ Tafarruh, s. m, a. Leisure, 
ease, refreshment. 

u^y^ Tafarrus, s. m. a. 1 . Intel- 
ligence* understanding, discernment. 
2. Judging from physiognomy. 

**;*3 Tafriqa,* *. m. a. Separa- 
tion, divorce, dispersion, distress. 

«^ Tafra, s. m. t. Pride, affect- 
ed magnificence. 

^y^ Tafrih, s. f. a. Rejoicing, 
exhilarating, amusement. T.-i-tabq, 
Ease of mind, cheerfulness, hilarity. 

ij»^^ Tafris, s. f. a. Rending, 
breaking or tearing in pieces. 

(3i^fij Tafriq, *. /. a. 1. Separa- 
tion, division. 2. Partition, partici- 
pation. 3. Jealousy, misunderstand- 
ing. 4. Department. T. karnd, To 

j!4i.j;«^ Tafsida, part. pass. p. 1. 
Burning, heated, warmed. 2. Crack- 
ed (lips). 

^r^^ Tafsir, s.f. a. Explanation, 
commentary, paraphrase, an inter- 
pretation of the Quran. 

Jj^j Tafsil, s.f. A. Explanation 
analysis, separation, division, detail. 
T.-wdr, adv. Distinctly, in detail. 

cL.^ Tafazzul,* s. m. a. 1. Bene- 
ficence, kindness, deserving. 2. Ex- 

j.^ Tafzih, s. f. a. Disgrace, 

Ui^-aij Tafzil, s. A. Excellence, 
pre-eminence. Ism-i-tafzil, An ad- 
jective in the comparative or superla- 
tive degree. 

<^sA» Tafaqqud, s. in. A. 1. Search- 
ing for a thing lost. 2. Kindness. 

y^ Tafakkur, s. m. a. Reflec- 
tion, meditating, considering ; anxiety. 

Axftj Tafakkuh,* s. m. a. 1. Ad- 
miring. 2. Penitence. 3. Enjoy- 
ment of anything. 

i-^iAj Tufang, s. f. v. A musket 
(properly a tube through which a 
thing is blown). 

cyAA) Tafannun, s. m. a. Amuse- 
ment, pastime, diversion. 

(3^ Tafauwuq, s. m. a. 1. Pre- 
tending to a superiority over others. 
2. Doing any thing by degrees. 


( 151 ) 


J>AJ Tafauwul, s. m. a. Presag- 

»< ing happily, taking a good omen 
« from a name, &c. 

<jajjA» Tafvviz, s. f. A. 1. Resign- 
ing, committing to another, recom- 
mending, confiding to another. 2. 
Marrying a wife without a fortune. 

*^ Tafahhum, *. m, a. Under- 
standing, conceiving. 

^^ Tafhim, s. f. a. Teaching, 
instructing, informing. 

Jolftj Taqabul, s. m. a. Encoun- 
tering, drawn up in mutual opposi- 

Vjl^ Taqarub, s. m. a. 1. Ap- 
proaching one another. 2. (In Versi- 
fication) Name of a measure. 

telaj Taqaza, s. m. a. Dunning, 
exacting, urgency, importunity. T. 
i-sinn, The customs or habits of dif- 
ferent ages as of childhood, youth, 
manhood, &c. T.-i-shadid, Inexor- 
able dunning. 

^yUilij Taqaza-i, a. a. h. Impor- 
tunate, urging, solicitous. 
^IflJ Taqatur, s. m. a. Distilling 
drop by drop ; raining. 

oj^ Taqavvat, s. f. a. Piety, 
abstinence, continence. 

4^jl*5 Taqawi, *./. a. I. Strength- 
ening, assisting (particularly ten- 
ants). 2. Vying, contending with. 
3. Money in advance. 

(j-i^ Taqaddiisa, a. a. Pure, 
holy, purified. T. tadld, (an epithet 
of the Deity), Holy, most High. 

<^«iJaj Taqaddus, *. m. a. Purity, 
sanctity, holiness. 

j.AA> Taqaddum, s. m. a. Priori- 

jiCtsu Taqdir, *. /.a. Fate, desti- 
ny, predestination. 

WH<^ Taqdis, s. f. A. Sanctifi- 
cation, sanctity, purity, sanctifying, 

^.xftj Taqdini, s. f. a. Giving pre- 
cedence, priority, precedence, per- 
formance. T. karnd, To perform, 
put before, give precedence to. 

»rir*^ Taqarrub, s. m. a. Propin- 
quity, nearness, approximation ; ac- 

;>aj Taqarrur, s. m. a. Confir- 
mation, ratification, approbation. 

v^yu Taqrib, s. f. a. 1. Bringing 
near, approximation, approaching, 
proximity, access. 2. Recommenda- 
tion, mentioning any one to another 
before meeting. 3. Occasion, con- 
junction, cause, pretence, motive, 
probability. T. karnd. To commend, 
to recommend, to prepare a person 
for the reception of another. 
1*J;^ Taqriban, adv. a. Near to, 
about, nearly. 

jjj^ Taqrir, s. f. a. Confession, 
relation, recital, detail, narration, 
confirmation. T. karnd. To relate. 

u»ij^ Taqris, s. f. a. Cooling, 

j^juJJ Taqsim, s. f. A. Dividing, 
distributing ; division (in arithmetic). 
T. karnd. To distribute. 

^r^^ Taqsir, s.f. A. Fault, error, 
crime. T.-wdr, Blameable, criminal, 
^jJaftj Taqtir, s. f. a. Distilling, 
dropping (of urine), strangury. 

5;iii»3 Taqti, *. /. a. 1. The 
caesura or pause in reading poetry ; 
scanning of verse. 2. Cutting into 
parts, dissection. 

V^-* Taqallub, s. m. a. Conver- 
sion, change, transmutation. 

^■r*^ Taqlib, s. m. a. Conversion 
inversion, change, transposition. 

Ojla5 Taqlid, s. f. a. 1. Imita- 
tion, counterfeiting, forgery. 2. In- 


( 152 ) 


4^«»ali5 Taqlidi, a. a. h. Imitated, 

forged, false (as stone, &c.), counter- 

tMa3 Taqlil, s.f. a. Diminishing, 
reduction, causing to look less. 

t!o*5 Taqwa, s. m. a. Piety, ab- 
stinence, the fear of God. Ahl-i-taqwd, 

iSj^ Taqauwi, s. f. a. Assisting 
(particularly tenants by advances, 
remitting rents, &c). 

*^j^ Taqwiat, s. f. a. Corrobo- 
ration, strengthening, establishing, 
confirming, confidence, strength, as- 
surance, comfort, reliance, trust, aid. 

j*j>a3 Taqwim, s. f. A. An alma- 
nack, ephemeris, calendar. 

ija Taqi, a. a. Pious, fearing 

' God. 

^ TuqS, s. A. Piety, fear of 

<i^ Taqaiyud, s. m. a. Applica- 
tion, attention, diligence, injunction, 
care, assiduity, superintending, over- 

t^ Tak, adv. h. Till, to, up to, 
while, toward, near to, with. s.f. 1. A 
scale, balance. 2. Aim. T. hdndhnd, 
T. rahnd, and T. lagdnd. To stare, 
to gaze. 

^ Tukka, s. m. V, 1. A sort of 
arrow blunt at the end. 2. A small 
hill, an eminence. 

U«i^ Takasul, s. m. a. Indo- 
lence, negligence, carelessness. 

»-ftjJ^ Takalif, s.plur. of '-^^ a. 
Imposition, distresses, difficulties. 

^^ Takana, v. a. b. To aim. 

cU^fi Takahul, s. m. a. Negli- 
gence, remissness. 
j^ Takabbur, *. m. a. Arro- 
gance, haughtiness, pride. 

isyP Takabbur-i, s. f, a. h. 

^j^ Takbir, s.f. a. Repeating the 
Musalman creed, or only saying ' God 
is great' upon particular occasions. 

^jJLG Taksir, s.f. a. Augmenting, 
enlarging, increasing. 

)<^ Takaddur, 8. m. a. Muddi- 
ness, turbldness, dregs ; dulness, 
moroseness, disquietude of rnind. 

•r*J<i^ Takzib, *. /. a. Accusing 
of falsehood, giving the lie. 

)[^ Takrar, s. f. a. Repetition 
tautology, altercation, contention, 

iS)]j^ Takrari, a. a. h. Impor- 
tuning, seizing, troublesome, fond 
of argument. 

jj^ Takarrur, s.m. a. Repetition, 
repeating, reiterating, persevering. 

^xJ Takrim, s. f. a. Honour, 
reverence, respect ; honouring, treat- 
ing with respect. 

j'^ Takassur, s.m. a. 1. Being 
broken or shattered, spent or debili- 
tated. 2. Carrying (figures in arith- 
metic). 3. Folding up the wings as 
a bird when about to alight. 

<X^ Takassul, s. m. a. Sickness, 
being lazy or inactive. 

jif^ Taksir, s. /.a. 1. Breaking 
to pieces. 2. Carrying (figures in 
arithmetic). 3. Dividing so as to 
produce a fraction. 

iJ^ Tukkash, s. m. p. A quiver. 

cJflio Takafful, s. m. a. Taking 
security ; becoming security for an- 

ysSj Takfir, s. /.a. 1. Covering. 

2. Expiating a crime, doing penance, 
or paying a mulct as an atonement. 

3. Humbling one's self before another 
(putting the hand upon the breast 
and inclining the head), showing 
distant respect. 4. Accusing one of 
impiety, calling him infidel, making 
one an unbeliever. 5. Guiltiness. 


( 153 ) 


i:r»^ Tiikfiii, s. f. A. Putting on 

the winding sheet, layintr in the cof- 
fin, &c., shrouding, sei)ulture. 

^^ Takla, s. m. s. A spindle. 

«-aixi Takdluf,* s. m. a. 1. In- 
convenience, ceremony, taking much 
pains with one's self in any matter. 2. 
Extravagance, profusion. 3. Sepa- 
ration. T. bar-tarof. Waving cere- 
mony. T.-mizdj, a. Ceremonious. 

oViixJ Takallulat, *. jo/m/-. of Ta- 
kalluf. 2'. -i-rfar6(fr, Expending much. 
T.-i-rasmi, Ceremonious attention, 
empty compliments. T.-i-majlis, The 
ceremonies of society, etiquette. 

f^ Takallum, s. m. a. Conver- 

^^ TaUlij s. f. s. A weaver's 

^SAQ Taklif,* s. /.a. 1. Cere- 
mony. 2. Imposition of a burden. 
3. Trouble, molestation, difficulty, 
distress, inconvenience, ailment, afflic- 
tion, annoyance. T. dend, To annoy. 

oU^lio Taklifat, *.j9/. o/Taklif. 

<'iUi3 Takmila, s. m. a. Perfec- 
tion, completion. 

A^ij Tukma, s. m, v. A button, a 
loop, an eye-loop. T.-e-jaib kholnd, 
To open the purse. 

jA*ij Takmil, *./. a. Completing, 

finishing, perfection, excellence. 
UxJ Taknii, v. w. s. To be looked 
at, or stared at. v. a. To look at, 
aim at, observe, watch. 

\j^ Takiia, s. m. s. A spindle. 

^it\jQ Takwiihi, s. f. s. Watch- 
ing, overseeing, superintending. 

^^ Tikoniya, a. s. Triangular. 

^ Tukka, s. m. p. See ^. 

A^ Takka, s. m, p. A goat. 2\~ 
risk. Beard on the chin only like a 
fioat. T.-rishi, s. f. The state of 
being bearded on the chin, &c. 

lj^l^4i3 Tikhra karna, v. a. s. To 
trifallow, to plough three times. 

iSj^^ Takhari, s.f. n. Scales. 

^JujG Takini, s. f. p. A small pil- 

*j;>^j Takya, s. m. p. 1 . A pillow. 
2. A faqir's stand. 3. The reserve 
of an army. 4. Reliance. T. dend. 
To I'eceive respectfully. T. karnd. 
To support, encourage. T. hist par 
karnd. To depend upon any one. T. 
lagdnd. To lean. 

j\i,Sofi Takya-dar, s. m. p. A 
faqir, a dervise. 

^^i&xfi Takya-kalam, s. m. p. A 
cant word introduced into conversation 
without any meaning, an expletive. 

^^j..^«aS3 Takya-nishin, s. m. p. A 
faqir, a dervise. 

<Si Tag, s. /. p. Running. 

^jlS Tagapu, s. f. v. Bustle, toil, 
labour, search. 

lj>^ Tagana, v. n. h. To get quilt- 
ed or stitched, &c. 

^J\^ Tagai, s. /. H. The price 
paid for quilting or the act of quilting. 

j.i»-^ Tag-dau, or Tag-o-dau, s. f. 
p. Fatigue, running about on busi- 
ness or in search of employment, 
great exertion. 

^J^ Tagarg, s. m. p. Hail. 

U^ Taguii, V. n. h. To quilt, to 
stitch together. 

LU5 Tiguna, a. s. Three-fold. 

jjjv-<5 Tag-o-pii, s. p. Search, in- 
quiry, bustle, 

'JjjySi Tag-o-taz, *. m. p. Run- 
ning, course, gallop. 

,_/j Taggi, s.f. H. 1. A strand 
or thread of a twist. Ti-taggi, A 
thread of three, and Chau-taggi, of 
four strands. 2. A kind of fishing 
line used without a rod. 

J^ Tul, a. s. Alike, like. T.- 


( 154 ) 


baithn/i, 1. To be weighed against 
valuable things. 2. To sit straight 
and compact. T. rahnd. To stand 
front to front or opposed. 

lU Til, s.m. s. 1. The seed of the 
Sesamum orientale or the plant itself. 
2. A mole on the face. 3. A moment, 
an instant. 

(J3 Tall, *. A. A hillock, hill, heap. 

^ Tala, *. m. s. The bottom of 
any thing ; the sole of a shoe. 

it) Tula, *. /. s. A balance or 
scale ; the sign Libra ; being weighed 
against gold or any valuable substance 
which is afterwards given to priests. 

iij Tilla, s. m, p. The golden 
border of a turband. 

^yl^lG Tilla-dani, s. f. p. A house- 
wife or small bag for holding nee- 
dles, thread, &c. 

J,^ Talash, s.f. a. Search. 

t*Ail3 Talashi, *. /. a. Annihila- 
tion ; dispersion. 

j_^Jl3 Talashi, *. i». /. a. Seeker, 

JoHj Talatum, *. m. a. Collision, 
dashing, buffeting (particularly of 

fJ^ Talafi, s. /.A. Compensa- 
tion, recompence, amends. 

^J^ Talaqi, s. f. a. Meeting, in- 
terview, re-union. 

^315 Talamiz, s. plur. of •i-xjb 
A. Students, scholars. 

0)13 Tilana, s. m. p. A kind of 

liau TulanS, V. a. s. See UJ^y. 
J JO Taldo, *. m. p. See Talab. 

\j^ Tulawa, s. t. An advanced 
f^ard, forlorn hope, a patrole or re- 
connoitring party. 

^I<J3 Tal-upar, a. s. Upside- 
down, confused. 
vb^ Tilaw^at, or Talawat, s.f. a. 

Meditation, reading (particularly the 
Quran as an act of religion.) 

fj^ Tilai, s.f.H.A small frying- 

LSJS^ Talaori, s. f. h. A plain 
near Sirhind infested by robbers ; 
(hence) a dangerous situation. 

<j-AU3Talbis, s. f. A. 1. Cheat, 
fraud, fallacy, imposture ; misrepre- 
sentation ; concealing (the truth, the 
fault of goods on sale) ; failing in 
proving one's allegations. 2, Mix- 
ture, confusion. 3. Covering. 4. A 

liA-lj Talapna, Iv. n. h. See 

li«>0 Talaphna,J Tarapna. 

Ii)lii5 Tultulana, v. n. h. To be- 
come soft (from moistness, ripeness, 

iiJUUTaltalana, v. n. h. To shake. 

Ji^^ Til-chaoli, s. f s. Hv A 
mixture of rice and sesamum seeds. 
2. A mixture of grey and black hairs 
on the head. 

l^<Jj Til-chatta, s. m. s. h. (Oil- 
licker) A cock-roach. 

»5*4^ Talchhat, s. f. h. Dregs, 
refuse, scum, sediment, offals, leav- 

yj Talkh, a. p. I. Bitter, acri- 
monious, rancid. 2. Malicious, sor, 
rowful. T.-r», Morose. T.-t/ana, Dar- 
nel, tares. T.-go, a. Plain-spoken, 
harsh. T.-mizdj, a. Ill-tempered. 

U^ Talkha, s. m. p. 1. Grain 
parched and pounded and then mixed 
up into a paste with water. 2. The 

^^ Talkhi, s. f. p. Bitterness. 

i«iJ-3 Talazzuz, s. m. a. Delight, 
pleasure, charms. 

t^-lj Tulsi, s. f 8. A plant wor- 
shipped by the Hindus (Ocymum 
sanctum). T.-dds, Name of a Gosain. 
T. ddna, A gold ornament. 


( 155 ) 

\JJsiX') Talattuf, s. m. a. Kindness, 
obligingness, blandishment, favour. 

»-ai3Talaf, s. m. a. Ruin, destruc- 
tion, loss ; prodigality, consumption, 
expense. T. ul-mdl khalaf ul-ymr. 
The loss of riches is the prolongation 
of life. T. karnd. To waste, consume. 
T. hond, To be unfortunate, to meet 
with loss. 

■feilj Talaffuz, s. m. a. Utterance, 
expression, pronunciation. 

t&ij Tilqa, s. m. A. 1. Reprehen- 
sion. 2. Arriving at, meeting with, 
falling upon, encountering in battle. 

^^xflJLi Talqin, 5./. A. Instructing, 
informing, religious instruction ; 
j)rayer over the dead at the time of 
interment. T. karnd, To instruct, 
inform, teach. 

^iUij Tilak, or Talk, s. f. p. A 

i2Vi3 Talak, adv. h. See Tak, sig. 1 . 

ljaU3 Talmalana, v. n. h. To be 
tantalized ; to totter. 

'^■^ Talmiz,* s. m. a. A stu- 
dent, scholar, disciple, pupil. 

IU5 Talna, v. a. h. To fry. 

IJJij Tulnd, V. n. s. To be weighed 
or balanced ; to be drawn up in bat- 
tle array. 

1^ Tilanga, *. m. s. LA Te- 
linga, (a people of Southern India). 
2. A soldier. 

1^ Talua, or Talwa, 8. m. s. Tlie 
sole of the foot. T. chdtnd, Talwe 
tale hath dharnd, Talwe sahldne, (all 
mean.) To flatter excessively. Taiwan 
se dff lagni. To be very angry. 

jt^^ Talvvar, s. m. s. A sword, 

*-i^ Talwasa, s. m. p. Commo- 
tion, astonishment, trouble. 

k)^ Talwariya, s. 1. *./. A sci- 
mitar. 2. s. m. A swordsman. 
u 2 

0_y^ Talauwun, *. m. a. Chang- 
ing colours (like a chamelion), capri- 
ciousness, restlessness, fidgetting. 
T. tabq, or T. mizdj, a. Capricious, 
whimsical, fretful. T. mizdji, s. f. 

It^i Tilha, a. s. Oily. 

j^^ Tall, *. /. s. The bottom of 
anything, the sole of the foot ; be- 
neath, under; impalpable powder. 

^J^ Tilli, *. /. s. The spleen or 
milt. Tap-lilli, s f. The spleen dis- 

J^ Tale, adv. s. Below, down, 
beneath, under. T. upar, Upside 
down, topsyturvy, confused. T. taie 
dekhnd. To see clandestinely. 

^ Talaiya, s. f. s. A small pond. 

*^ Tilaiha, s. m. h. A turtle 

^ Turn, pron. 2d per. plur. s. 
You. Turn- dp. You yourself. 

Ia-I-J Tamacha, 

a^U5 Tamacha, 

c?^U3 Tamadi, *. /.a. 1. Perse- 
verance. 2. A long time. 

(jcjUj Tamaruz, *. m. a. Feign- 
ing a disease. 

^Uj Tamasukh, s. m. a. EflFac- 
ing, transforming, metaraorpiiosing. 

LAU3 Tamdsha, *. m. a. An enter- 
tainment, show, spectacle ; sight. T. 
karnd. To see ; to take a walk ; to 
jeer, to jest. T.-bini, a. /. Luxury, 
libertinism, raking, whoring. T.-bin, 
s. m. A spectator ; a rake, whoremas- 
ter, epicure. 

jJUUj Tamasha-i, s. m. /. a. h1 
A spectator. 

yi-tJ Tamaku, *. m. Amer. To- 

JU3 Tamal, *. m. a. A tree noted 
for its dark blossoms. 

(*Uj Tamam, a. a. Entire, perfect. 

amacha, 1 *. m. p. A slap, 
\'imacha, J a blow. 

( 156 ) 


complete. T. shtid. Finished, is finish- 
ed. T. kamd, To perfect, complete, 
finish. T. hondy To be finished j to 
_^U3 TamSm-tar, adv. a. p. 
"Wholly, completely, entirely. 

^UJ Tamami, s. /.a. 1 . Com- 

" pletion, perfection, totality. 2. Bro- 
cade, cloth of gold tissue. 

liU3 Tumana, v. a. h. Causal of 
Tumna, q. v. 

UJ Tamba, l^. m. p. Trow- 

e)UjTamban,j sers. 

^JUl Tumai, s.f. H. The price of 

^x»3 Tambu, *. m. h. A tent. 

ji*j Tamattu, s. m. a. Enjoy- 
ment, using, gaining, delight, plea- 

JllJ Timsal, s. f. a. Resem- 
blance, picture. 

Ji^ Tamassul, *. m. a. 1. Inii- 
tating, resembling. 2. Applying al- 

UjoUj Tamsil,* s. f. a. Compari- 
son, similitude ; allegory, parable, 
apologue, example. T. land, To alle- 
gorize. PI. Tamsildt. 

&is^ Tamjid, s. f. a. The glori- 
fication of God ; hence the prayer 
that is spoken from the minarets an 
hour and a half before dawn. 

j^ Tamr, s. m. a. A date (fruit). 
T.-i-hindi, s.f. A tamarind. 

ij^ Tamarrud, s. m. a. Refrac- 
toriness, stubbornness, disobedience, 
insolence, rebellion. 

^ys!"'^ Tamaskhur, s. m. a. Buf- 
foonery, joking. 

U*J Tamgha, *. m. p. 1. A stamp 
on gold, silver, &c. ; a brand or mark 
on any animal. 2. A tax on travel- 
lers. 3. A royal grant or charter 

*i^«fc*3 Tamassuk, s. m. a. A note 
of hand, bond, obligation, receipt. 

^ Tamka, s. m. s. A stroke of 
the sun. 

ijuiX^j Tamkanat, s. f. a. Dignity. 

t^-*3 Tamkin, s. f. a. Majesty, 
dignity, authority, power. 

^J^ Tamalluq, s. f. a. Cajoling, 
flattery, adulation, ceremony. 

(^♦J Tuman, s. m. v. 1. Brother- 
hood, connexion, cast, &c. 2. Bevy, 
crowd, troop, squadron (properly 
10,000. See Toman. T. bdndhnd, To 
collect a body of troops. T.-ddr, 
Commander of a Tuman, T.-ddri, 
sf. The command of a Tuman. 

li*3 Tamanna, *. /. a. Request? 
wish, prayer, supplication, inclina- 
tion, petition. T.-kash, Desirous. 

*^^*^ Tamancha, s. in. p. A pis- 

^^ Tamanni, *. /. a. See tJ^. 

5;>*J Tamauwuj, s. m. a. Agita- 
tion, billowing or fluctuation of water. 

Jj*i Tamauwul, s. f. a. Riches, 
becoming rich. 

l;l^*J Tumhara, pron. 2d per. m. 
gen. plur. H. Your's, your. 

«>j*»5 Tamhid, s. f. a. Disposi- 
tion, arrangement, settlement, man- 
agement, confirmation, preliminary, 
preamble, preface, preparative, intro- 
duction. T. karnd, To dispose, pre- 
mise, &c. 

j^ Tamiz, s. f. a. Discernment, 
judgment, discretion, distinction, 
sense. Harf-i-tamiz, An adverb. 

i:P Tan, s. m. p. The body, per- 
son. T rfenJ, To pay attention. T.-o- 
man mdrnd. To restrain one's desires 
and be silent. 

e>3 Tunn, s. m. s. A tree (Ce- 
drela tuna) ; also, s. f. Its flower 
(used for dying yellow). 

{Ji Tin, pron. plur. inflect, h. 
Them, those. 


( 157 ) 


^jj Tanna, v. n. s. To stretch, to 
be drawn tight ; to sit upright. 

dli3 Tanaddj s. A. Dispersion, 

^jlxj Tanazu, s. m. a. Wrangling. 

Jjl^ Tanazul, s. m. a. 1. De- 
scent, decline, (falling of price, losing 
of rank, &c.) 2. Leaping from a 
horse in order to fight. 

V^'-" Tanasub, s. m. a. Resem- 
bling, relation, proportion. 

• *«Li3 Tan^sukh, 5. m. a. Trans- 
migration, metempsychosis. 

cUalJj Tanasul, s. m, a. Uninter- 
rupted descent through a series of 

^»^ Tanafi, s. /.a. 1 . Expelling, 
pursuing, persecuting. 2, Denial (of 
a thing being done or a debt paid, 

IHJJ Tannana, v. w. h. 1. To 
twang. 2. To tingle, smart. 

yt^P Tan-awar, a. p. Corpulent. 

Jjlw Tanawul, s. m. a. Eating. 
T. karnd. To eat. 

j_jiktij Tanahi, s. f. a. Finishing, 
completing, arriving at the end or 
place of destination. 

Uij Taniba, s. m. p. A kind of 
drawers (very wide and almost like 

yUJj Tambaku,5.m. Am. Tobacco. 

e;Ux) Tamban, or Tuniban, s. m. 
V. Trousers, drawers. 

j^i Tambu, s. m. h. A tent. 

IjijJ'W Tambura, cor. o/j^-k. 

J^3 Tanibol, s. m. s. The betel 

*A.i5 Tannabuh, s. m. a. I. Ad- 
monition, advice. 2. Bashfulness, 

(xjjoj Tambhna, v. w. s. See 

*J;^i5 Tambih, s. f. a. Admoni- 
tion, correction, beating, punishment. 

iSj^^ Tantri, s. m. s. A musician. 

j_5jii3 Tintiri, *. in. s. The tama- 

Ijliiij Tantanana, v. w. h. To 
twang, to tingle. 

Glilij Tuntunana, v. n. h. To 

ojklJIij Tantanahat, s. f. h. Ting- 
ling, pricking (pain). 

t^c^ Tan-i-tanha, a. p. Alone, 

^=^ Tanjim, 5. /. a. Astrology, 
science of the stars, defining anything 
from the aspect of the stars. 

f^^^ Tanakhnukh, s. m. a. Clear- 
ing the throat, hemming, hawking. 

Jii_j^-^ Tan-khwali, s. f. p. Wages, 
an assignment on the revenues. T.- 
ddr. One who receives salary, an 
holder of an order for wages. T.- 
ddri, s.f. p. Receiving pay, service. 

«iJj Tund, a. p. Active, quick, 
hot, spirited, fierce, sharp, severe, 
acrid. T. liond. To be angry or dis- 

^jL.>,ij Tund-kho, a. p. Warm, 
passionate, fretful. 

jii.i3 Tundar, or Tundur, s. p. 

•^--jie^J Tan-durust, a. p. Heal- 
thy, vigorous. 

^i-w^^cr* Tan-durusti, s. f. p. 
Health, vigour. 

j\x3j^ij Tund-raftar, a. v. Fast- 

e;'yj<iJ3 Tund-zaban, a. p. Elo- 
quent, talking rapidly. 

(*<i^ Tanaddum, s. m. a. Peni- 
tence ; bashfulness, modesty. 

^ycisi Tund-mizaj, a. p. Hot- 
headed, passionate. 

JJ4XXJ Tandur, *. m. p. An oven. 


( 158 ) 


s^eP Tan-dih, s. p. A person of 


^^A^i^j Tan-dihi, 5. /. p. Appli- 
cation, exertion, attention. 

t^oJJ Tundi, s. f. p. Acrimony, 
fierceness, sharpness, activity. 

Jiw Tandul, s. m. s. Rice (clean- 
ed from the husk). 

JjJj Tanazzul, s. m. a. Descent, 
declining slowly, diminution ; con- 

»>ij Tanazzuh, s. m. a. Purity 
from vice, studying continence. 

Jj>i5 Tanzil, s. /.a. 1. Revela- 
tion. 2. The Quran. 3. Causing a 
traveller to alight, receiving hospi- 

*^>w Tanzih, s. f. a. Removing 
or separating from all vice or impu- 
rity ; holiness. 

*J>>3 Tanziya, s. m. a. Inspiring 
with desire ; desire, propensity. 

J-a5 Tanassul, *. m. a. Pedigree. 

«-«Ji<^ » Tansif, s.f. a. Dividing in 
the middle or into two equal parts. 

^ ^^ Tanzir, s. /.a. 1 . Likening, 
resembling. 2. Beholding, contem- 

jhA»^ Tanzim, s. f. a. Ordering, 
arranging; composing verses ; thread- 
ing pearls. 

^^ Tan^m, *. m. a. 1 . Bestove- 
ing abundance. 2. Saying nam 
(yes) in confirmation of a debt. 
ji>^ TanafFur, s. m. a. Aversion, 

U>»Avj Tanaffus, s. m. a. Respira- 
tion, breathing. 

^ Tanqih, s. f. a. 1. Clean- 
ing, polishing. 2. Deciding disputes, 
investigation, search, ascertaining. 

*eAij Tanqiya, *. m. a. 1. Purg- 
ing, cleaning (the bowels). 2. Win- 
nowing grain. 

i£ij»j Tunuk, a. p. Slight, weak, 
delicate, thin, effeminate. T.-hawdss, 
a. Sensible. T.-hawdssi s.f. Sense> 
sensibility. T.-zarf, a. (A weak 
vessel) A tale-bearer, tatler, simpleton. 
T.-maya, Slight or weak in substance. 
T.-mizdj, a. "Whimsical, captious, 
peevish, fretful. 

^ Tinka, s. m. h. A straw, a 
bit of the stalk of grass. T. ddnton 
men lend, To make submission, con- 
fess inferiority, or ask for quarter. 
Tinke chunne, (to pick straws) To be 

j^xi Tinkar, s. m. p. Borax. 

Li^ Tinakna, v. n. ii. To flutter, 
palpitate, throb. 

^5^ Tunki, s. f. p. h. A fine 
kind of bread or thin wafers. 

k-<ij Tung, s. m. p. 1. A vessel 
with a long and narrow neck. 2. A 
body of troops. 

*-^ Tang, a. p. 1. Straight, 
tight, narrow, confined. 2. Wanting, 
scarce, barren. 3. Distressed, de- 
jected, sad. s. m.\. A horse-belt, a 
girth. 2. A bag, a sack ; half a horse's, 
bullock's or camel's load. T. dnd. 
To be distressed, dejected, exhausted. 
T. karnd, 1. To straiten, tighten, 
contract. 2. To distress. T. lend. To 
make tighter, to take in, to contract. 
Ba-tang hond, To be in distress or 
difficulty; to be exhausted or tired. 

^ Tanga, s. m. h. Two pice. 

tArj^ii Tang-posh, a. p. Tightly 

i^^t^ Tang-posln, s. f. p. Tight- 
ness of dress. 

J^ Tang-chdi, s. /.p. 1. 
Tightness, closeness. 2. Scarcity, 
distress, difficulty. 3. Stinginess, 

(U-^^ Tang-chashm, a. p. Mi- 
serly, niggardly. 


( 159 ) 

JUb^ Tang-hal, a. p. Poor, dis- 
tressed, straitened in circumstances. 

^\s!^ Tang-halij s. f. p. Pover- 
ty, narrow circumstances. 

t\>cysf^ Tang-hausila, a. p. Un- 
able to keep anythinof secret, blab. 

cz^MtX^Ij Tang-dast, a. p. Poor, 
distressed, miserly. 

^J^•^^ Tang-dasti, s. f. p. Par- 
simony, poverty, want, inability. 

J6^ Tang-dilj a. v. Narrow- 
hearted ; miserly, niggard. 

^^'^ Tang-dill, s. f. p. Narrow- 
heartedness ; niggardliness, parsimo- 

ny- ^ 

^^,^iiJ Tang-dahan, a. p. Small- 
mouthed (an epithet of a mistress). 

'^^ Tangna, *.p. 1 A strait 

^jU^ Tangnai, s.f. p. J place 
or passage ; a strait. 

«j5^jj Tangi, s. f. p. 1. Straight- 
ness, tightness, narrowness. 2. Po- 
verty, want. 3. A bag, a sack. T. 
kamd, To be parsimonious. 

jji^ Tanur, s. m. p. An oven, a 

*i.Lc^ Tanomand, a. v. Robust, 

jiy^ Tanveir, s. f. a. Illumination. 

tJiy^ Tanwin, s. f. a. Nunation ; 
marking the final letter of a word 
with doubled points or vowels (which, 
in pronunciation, gives them the ad- 
ditional sound of n. as Takhminan : 

*ij Tana, *.m. p. 1. A stalk, stock, 
trunk, stem. 2. A spider's web. 

Ifj^ Tanha, «, p. Alone, solitary, 
singular, unique ; private, apart, adv. 
Only, single. 

^ylfij Tanhai, s. f. v. Loneliness, 

y To, cow/. 8. Then j that ; (used 
in introducing the answer to a con- 
ditional proposition, as Jo ti dwegn. 

to pdwegd. If thou wilt come, then 
thou shalt receive.) adv. Indeed ; as 
Main to dtd thd j par usne due na 
diyd, I was indeed coming but he 
prevented me. 

y Tau, or To, adv. s. Then, that 
time; in that case; moreover, also ; 
that; for; yes, well. Tau-lon or lag, 
adv. Then, in that case, till then, so 

>» Tn, jyro, 2d per. sing. h. Thou. 

\y Tawa, s. m. p. 1 . The iron 
plate on which bread is baked; an 
iron mirror. 2. The part of the 
Huqqa to which the tobacco is fixed, 
or the tobacco itself. 3. An iron mir- 

y*^y Tawatur, s. m. a. Continua- 
tion, succession. 

<^^y Tawajud, s. a. Mutual 
ecstacy, rapture. 

jly Tuar, s.f.s.A kind of pulse 
(Cytisus cajan). 

djy Tawarud, s. m. a. 1. Unin- 
tentionally inserting the sense of an- 
other in one's own poems. 2. Cor- 
responding by letter. 

fiyy Tawarikh, s. plur. of ^l> 
Dates, annals, histories. 

5-«!>3 Tawazu, s. f. a. Humility, 
attention, pretended kindness, empty 
compliments. T.-i- Samarqandi, False 
politeness, &c. 

(y\y Tawafuq, s. m. a. I. Con- 
cord, agreement, co-incidence, con- 
currence.2. (In arithmetic) The re- 
lation between two numbers which 
have a common divisor. 

^ly Tavrali, s. f. a. Continua- 
tion, succession. 

C'y Tau'am, s. m. a. A twin. 

vylxly Tau'aman, s. a. (Dual of 
Tau'am) Twine. 

o^y Tawan, s. m. p. Power, 

( 160 ) 

IJip Tawana, a. p. Powerful. 
j_j5Uly Tawanai, s. f. p. Power. 
j^^y Tawangar, a. p. Rich, 

ti'y Tawawa, s. m. h. The name 

of a bird. 
J^y Tawai, s. f. p. for Tabahi. 
gljy Taubah, a. cor. of ^y. 
^yy Tobra, "\ 5. m. h. The bag in 
^yy Tobra, J which horses eat 

their corn. 
*jy Tauba, *. /. a. Penitence, 

conversion ; promising to sin no more. 

T. tauha, Fye !foh ! T.-dhdr, s.f. The 

sound of punishing. 
^iny Taubikh, *. /. a. Reproach, 

speaking harshly, threatening. 
(_5*j^ To-bhi, or Tau-bhi, adv. h. 

Still, nevertheless, 
yy Top, s. f. p. A cannon, a 

gun. Top chaldnd, chhornd, ddghnd, 

lagdnd, mdmd. To cannonade. 

•Jtjp Topana, v. a. h. To have 
buried, to cause to cover. 

3'*^' ^y Top-andaz, s, p. A can- 

K^y Top-chi, s. m. p. A con- 
ductor of artillery, a commissary of 

*j^y Top-khana, s. m. p. A park 
of artillery; a magazine of cannon 
and artillery stores. 

Ijjy Topra, s. m. n. 1. A fly. 2. 
A kind of pigeon. 

y^iiy Topak, s.f. p. A musket. 

1-^>J Topna, V. a. h. To bury, to 

oy Tiit, «. w. a. A mulberry. 

Ijy Tota, s. m. YL. 1. A parrot. 
2. The cock of a matchlock. 

^y Totla, a. h. Stutterer, stam- 

liiUjj Totlana, v. n. n. To lisp. 

See 'i'utlana. 

eyy Tutan, s. m. n. Chips, clip- 
pings, filings, fragments. 

lijy Totna, V. a. u. To weave 
tape or ribband. 

^^y Toti, s. f. H. A she-parrot. 

<yy Toti, s. f. p. A singing bird 
(Loxia rosea). 

i^y Tutai, s.f. ii. A vessel with 
a spout. 

^y Tutiya, s. m. p. s. Blue 
vitriol J tutty. 

s^y Tawajjuh, s. f. a. 1 . Turn- 
ing towards, regarding, attending to. 
2. Kindness, favour, obligingness. 

^^y Taujih, s. f. a. 1. Calling 
one's attention. 2. Explaining, ac- 
counting for. 3. Adjustment of ac- 
counts. 4. Assessment. 5. A de- 
scriptio n roll. T.-navis, A keeper of 
description rolls. 

A^y Tauhid, *. /. a. Unity ; be- 
lieving in the unity of God. 

iSJ'^y Todri, s. f. P. The seed of 

s^y Tuda, or Toda, *. m. p. 1. A 
mound, heap, stack. 2. The butt or 
mark for arrows. T.-e-tu/dn, Accus- 
ing, charging with crime ; a calum- 

jy Tor, s. f. n. 1. A kind of 
pulse (See Tiiar). 2. A net thrown 
over a woman's pdlki. 

u)];y Turan, n. pr. p. The coun- 
try beyond the Oxus from Persia. 

?;>J Tora, s. m. H. 1. A number 
of trays containing various dishes of 
food presented to others by great 
men. 2. A nobleman, a minister. 3. 
Pride. T.-posh, s. m. A covering for 
dishes. T.-bandi, s.f. Tlie arrange- 
ment or sending out of trays of food 
' as presents. 

( 161 ) 

t5*;y Torhi, s. m. h. A trumpet. 
See Turhi. 

iSjy Ton, 5./. H. See ^j,Sy Turai. 

*^^ Taurit, or Tauret, s. f. a. 
The Pentateuch. 

jyTor, s. m. s. 1. The breach 
made by a gun. 2. The strength of 
a current. 3. Whey. 

jy Tor, *. /. H. See Tor. 

Ijy Tora, s. m. h. 1. Scarcity, 
want. 2. A purse, a bag of 1000 
Rupees. 3. The match of a gun. 4. 
A bank, island, bar. 5. A plough- 
share. 6. A piece of rope. 7. An 
ornament like a chain. 

tJljy Torana, v. a. s. To cause to 
be broken or changed (as money). 

Ijjy Torta, s. m. h. A pod of 

Tori, q. V, 
j^*^jy Tor-phor,l s. m. h. 1. 

h*Vy A'or-phor,! 
y^jfi Tor-tar, J 



destroying. 2. Plain-spealung. 
J^^jy Tor-jor, s. m. h. 1. Cut- 
ting out (as cloth). 2. Arranging a 
speech, &c. [spoil. 

^ii>}y Tor-dena, v. a. h. To break, 
<^\Z)^ Tor-dahia, v. a. ii. To 
break and destroy ; to pull down. 

li/Oy Tor-karna, v. a. h. To 

make a breach (as a ball). 
Jjy Toral, s. m. h. A hirge thick 

ring worn as a bracelet, 
^^^jy Toy-lend, v. a. n. To gather, 

^jy Torna, v. a. s. 1. To break. 

2. To change money. T.-jornd, (To 

break and join) To have absolute 
L power over anything. Dam tofml, 
' To be at the point of death. Roti 

tornd, To eat the bread of idleness, 
liljtjy Torwana, v. a. s. See To- 

e^'jjy Torwai, s. f. s. Price paid 

for breaking or changing coin. 


(^jy Ton, s. f. h. Mustard seed. 

adv. Till, up to. 

jy Tuz, s. p. The ornaments of 
a bow, saddle, &c. 

•t*»P Tavvassut, *. m. a. 1. Me- 
diation; introduction. 2. A mediator 
or introducer. 

cl^y Tavvassul, s. m. x. 1. Con- 
junction, copulation. 2. Introduc- 
tion (to another). 

i:^«»y Tausari, s. m. p. A horse ; 
a young unbroken horse; a high 
blooded noble steed, a war-horse ; a 
plump horse; a horse with a hard 
mouth or unmanageable. 

iijl«x<iy Tosh-dan, s. m. p. A 
pouch, a cartouch-box. 

^■^/i Toshak, s. f. p. A quilt, 
mattress. T. khdna, see Tosha-khdna, 

*^y Tosha, s. m. p. Provision 
(particularly of a traveller or that 
which is carried with the funeral of 
a deceased person to support him 
during his journey to the other 
world) ; viaticum. Tosha-khdna, s. m. 
A wardrobe ; a place where furniture 
is kept. 

t-ftj^y Tausif, s. f. a. Descrip- 
tion, commendation. 

ycjy Tawazzu, s. f. a. 1. Per- 
forming the ablution before prayer. 
2. Arriving at the age of puberty 
when ablution must be performed. 

fA^y Tauzih, 5. /. a. Manifesta- 

e^Iy Tawattun, s. m. \. Fixing 
one's residence in a foreign country. 

yi*y Taufl[r, s. f. a. Increasing, 

i>i^y Taufiq, s. f. a. The com- 
pletion of one's wishes, the divine 
grace, the favour of God. 

yy Tawaqqur, s. m. a. Respect, 
honour, modesty, mildness. 

( 162 ) 


^jJ Tawaqqu, s.f. a. 1. Expec- 
tation, hope, desire. 2. Trust, reli- 
ance. 3. Request. 

«-wy Tawaqquf, s. m. a. Delay, 
pause, hesitation, tediousness ; pati- 
j:^y Tauqir, *. /. a. Honouring, 
respecting, treating with ceremony. 

bjllTy Tu-karna, v. a. s. To thou 
a person. 

OSj'i Tawalvkul, s. m. a.. Trust in 
God, reliance, faith, resignation (to 

% God). 

Jj3 Taul, orTol, s. m. s. Weighty 
weighing. T.-til, Weighing and 

^ji Tola, s. m. s. A weight con- 
sisting of a certain number of 
mashas ; in Calcutta the standard 
Told = I2i mashas, or nearly 180 
grains (179.666 exactly). 

Jjp Tawalla, s. m. a. 1 . Attach- 
ment, affection. 2. Hope. 

li^ Taulana, v. a. s. To cause 
to be weighed. 

4jjV>3 Taulai, *. /. s. The price 
for weighing. 

•>J>J Tawallud, s. m. a. Birth, a. 
Born, generated. 

^y Tolna, or Taulna, v, a. s. 1. 
To weigh, balance. 2. To confront 
(as two armies). T. nazron men, To 
estimate the worth of any one. 

L^iyy Taulwai, *. /. s. The price 
of weighing. 

*Jy Tuwala, s. a. 1. Misfortune, 
evil, calamity. 2. (or Tiwala) A 
charm, amulet, or love potion. 

&iy Tola, s. m. s. See Tola. 

fjf^ Tuli, s. f. s. A steelyard. 

^i*jJp Tauliyat, s. f. a. Superin- 
tendance (of any business). 

ij up Toman, s. m. p. \. A my- 
riad, 10,000. 2. A sum of money 

equal to 10,000 Arabic silver drach- 
mas; also asum equal to 15^ dollars. 
3. Districts into which a kingdom 
is divided, each being supposed to 
furnish 10,000 soldiers. 

]y>y Tomr-a, s. m. -i, s. f. s. A 
hollowed gourd (Cucurbita lagenaria). 

lx*p Tumna, v. a. h. To card or 
separate wool or cotton with the fin- 
ger, preparatory to combing. 

^y Tumiya, s. in. h. Thread 
made with carded cotton. 

c»y Ton, or Taun, adv. h. So, in 
that manner, then. 

c>y Tiin, s.m.^. LA quiver. 2. 
A tree (Cedrela toona). 

UJy Tumba, s. m. s. A hollowed 
gourd (used for carrying water). 

^y Tond s. f. s. A pot-belly. 
Tond-dld, tond-ail, tond-aild, a. Pot- 
bellied, gorbellied, corpulent. 

t^.>oy Tondi, s. f. s. The navel. 

lA-Jy Taunsna, v. n. h. To be 
affected or overcome with heat. 

j^y Tawangar, a. p. Rich, weal- 

LSj^y Tawangari, s. f. p. Riches, 

i^fjy Ton-hin, adv. h. Exactly, 

/*Ay Tawahhum, s. m. a. Suspi- 
cion, imputation; imagination, con- 

f^y Tau-hi, adv. s. Then, in that 
case, only, at that time. 

fj^y Tu-hi, s. Thou thy- 

" self. 

^^xst>y Tauhin, s. f. a. 1. Ener- 
vating, relaxing. 2. Scoffing. 

«J Tab, 5. /.p. 1. Fold, plait. 
2. The bottom ; beneath, under. 3. 
Intent, meaning. Tah jumdnd, To 
plait. T". dend. To tinge slightly. 
T. kar rakho, Fold and lay it by (i. e. 


{ 163 ) 


keep it to yourself, I do not want it). 
T. mdrnd, A disease of a horse, from 
excessive thirst, affecting the flanks. 
T. nishin hond. To subside, settle. 

a3 Till, a. p. Empty. *. Impres- 

^^ Thap, s. f. H. A tap, pat, 
flap, paw ; the sound of a small drum- 

IjLjj Thapa, s, m. h. A mark of 
the paw. 

^l«J Thapna, v. ff. s. 1 . To patch 
(as a wall with cow-dung). 2. To 
tap. s. f. A religious ceremony. 

^.jl^J Thapi, s.f. H. 1. The noise 

of tapping. 2. The instrument with 
which potters beat their earth, or for 
beating terraces. 

tii^t^^ Thakna, v. n. s. See Thakna. 

JI45 Thai, *. m. s. See Tliala, 3. 

i)l*J Thala, f. m. s. 1. The phice 
at the root of a tree for holding water. 

2. The excavation in which a tree is 
to be planted. 3. A large flat dish. 

ij^ Thali, s. f. s. 1. A salver, 
platter, flat dish. 2. A mound about 
the root of a tree. 

(•I«5 Tham, s. s. A prop, support, 

^^ Thamna, ^ r. a. s. 1 . To 

li^A/o(4j Thambhna,J support, 

prop, 2. To shield, protect, shelter, 

3. To prevent, withhold, restrain. 

4. To stop, pull up (a horse), bear, 
assist, resist. 

iyl^J Than, s. m. h. 1. A piece of 
cloth. 2. A stall for cattle, a man- 
ger. 3. A ])iece of coin. Tinon thdn. 
The privates of a male. 

w^t^ Tahan,«c?t;. h. Thither, there. 
T. tahdfi, In each place. 

IJLfrJ Thand, s. m. s. 1. A station, 
guard. 2. The inside of the lines of 
an army. [I'ly. wrap. 

ljlt» Tahaua, v. a. v. h. To fold, 
X 2 

UajL^J Thambna, 1 v. a. s. See 

IJ^l^J Thambhna, J Thamna. 

»l«3 Thah, s.f. s. Bottom, ford. 

(^Al^J Thahi, s. f. s. Fordable- 

^Jl^ Tihai, s. f. s. The third part; 
the third part of a piece of cloth for 
making trousers. 

^5jIj4j Tah-bazari, p. Ground rent 
paid for a stall in the market. 

Aij*5 Tah-ba-tah, adv. p. Plait by 
plait; every fold. Tah-ba-tah karni, 
To pile one upon another. 

<^^ Tah-band, s. m. p. A cloth 
worn round the waist and passing 
between the legs. 

^^4J Thupana, v. a. s. Causal of 
'ihopna, q. v. 

j^ Thappar, s. in. h. A box, 
slap, claw, cuff. 

tiiJ^ Thapri, s. f. h. The clap- 
ping of hands. See Tali. 

42^ Thapak, s. h. A pat, a tap. 

jj^^v*^ Tah-poshi, *. /. p. Draw- 
ers worn by women under their 

^^ Tah-pech, s. m. p. A cap or 
cloth worn under the turband. 

!>ij*> Thapera, s. m. h. 1. See 

Thappar. 2. The scalp. 
>^ Tihattar, a. h. Seventy- three. 

<ilj^j3 Tahattuk, s. m. a. 1 . Tear- 
ing of garments. 2. Disgrace, dis- 

Ij^lii^j Thutkarna, v. a. h. To 
drive away scornfully. 

Ul^i^ Thuthand,v. a. h. To frown, 
scowl, pout. 

j^i^ji^j Thuthni, s. f. s. The mouth 
of a horse, camel, &c. 

«i^5^ Tahajjud, 6% m. a. I. A form 
of nightly prayer. 2. Wakefulness. 
3. Sleeping sound. 

^Jsic* Tahajji, s. f. a. Spelling. 


( 164 ) 

Huruf-i-tahajji, The letters of the 

iilart' Tah-khana, s. m. p. A ca- 
vern, cellar, room under ground, a 
lower story, vault. 

jf«i^ Tah-dar, a. p. Having foun- 
dation or meaning; rational. 

j)<^ Tah-clarz, a. p. New. 

•>j.>tJ Tah-did, *./. a. Terrifying, 
threatening, menace, threat. 

^j<i.^j Tah-degi, *. /. p. The 
scrapings of a pot; the burnt part of 
victuals that sticks to the bottom of 
a pot 

•-oi-^ Tahzib, s. f. a. Purifying, 
adjusting, adorning, edification. T.-i- 
akhldq, Civilization, good breeding. 

l;^ Tihra, a. h. Triple. 

li|^ TharrSna, v. n. h. To trem- 
ble, quiver. 

Ul^P Tihrana, v. a.ii. To tertiate^ 

to do the third time, to triple. 

'^jW Tihrawat, s. f. h. Tripli- 
_^j^ Tharthar, a. h. Trembling. 

[i\j^^ Thartharana, v. n. h. To 
tremble, quiver, shiver, shake. 

♦2*Al^43^ Thartharahat,~| 5. /. h. 

LSj^j^ Tharthari, J Tre- 

mour, shaking, trembling, quivering. 

jfji^ Tah-ru, s. m. p. Tlie stuffing 
of a saddle. 

Ul^A^ Tharharana, or Tharharna, 
f. n. H. To tremble. 

jjw^i-^ Tahas-nahas, a. h. Ruin- 
ed, destroyed, dispersed. 

^il^J Thak, "I 5. m. ii. Clot, lump 

^ Thakka, J (congealed). Thak- 
ke ke thakke, Congealed, thick, con- 

^ Thaka, a. a. Tired, weary. 
IJ'^^J Thakana, v. a. s. To tire, 
harass, weary. 

GK^ Tbukana, v. a. h. To cause 
to spit or reproach. 

l^MJ Thakna, v. n. s. To be weari- 
ed, to tire, to fatigue. [temptible. 

c5^Lg.^ Thukhai, a. h. Base, con- 

i«ii«3Thalthalana, ^ 

0/ J^iJLf 3 Thai-thai karna, J 

To undulate, to fluctuate as a thick or 
glutinous fluid, to shake. 

[ISl^ Thalakna, v. n. h. To pal- 
pitate, flutter. 

A>^ Tahluka, s. m. a. 1. Ruin, 
perdition. 2. Consternation, alarm. 
3. Pang, agony. 

cU^t^ Tahlil, s. a. Praising God. 

V^ Thamb,"\ s. m. s. A pillar, 

^*«J Thamba,J a post. 

♦■s*^ Tuhmat, s. f. a. Suspicion, 
accusation, charging one with a crime, 
suspicion of guilt. T. lagdnd or de- 
nd. To belie, to calumniate. 

t5^4^ Tuhmati, a. a. h. Suspici- 
ous, ignominious. 

U^ Thamna, "V r. n. s. To 

'v g>»«J Thambhna, J stop, to be 
restrained, to be supported. 

(i^j Than, s. m. s. Udder. 

Jli4j Tah-nal, s. m. p. The mount- 
ing at the upper end of a scabbard. 

Ixxi^j Thambna, s. See Thamna. 

y;l.ij.^ Tah-nishan, a. p. Inlaid 
(particularly iron with gold). 

vi*Ai^ Tahniyat, s. f. a. Congra- 

i/ljjA3 Tah-o-bala, adv. p. Topsy- 
turvy ; upside down. T.-o-bdld kar- 
ndfTo subvert, to overthrow. 

l-ij^sJ Thopna, v. a. s. 1. To sup- 
port, prop. 2. To plaster. 3. To 
pile, to heap. 

^>»5 Thothla, or Thotla, a. h. 
Blunt, not sharp. 

Vx^j^ Thuthna, s. m. -i, s. f. s. 
The mouth of a horse, camel, &c. 

( 165 ) 

jji^ Tahaiiwur, s. m. a. 1. Teme- 
rity, rashness. 2. Fury. 3. Oppres- 
)y^ Thov, '^ a. ii. A little, small, 

ij>«J Thora,j scarce, seldom, 
some, less. T. bahut, More or less. 
T.-thord, A little. T.-thord hond, To 
be ashamed, to shrink with shame. 

p>^ Tahuuwu, s. m. a. Sickness 
at stomach ; inclination to vomit. 

ifJ>«J Thok, s. m. n. 1. Amount, 
heap, ready money. 2. Share. 

sJ_}4^ Thiik, s. m. II. Spittle. T. 
chatnd, To break one's promise. T. 
dend, To leave, give up. T. lagakar 
chhornd, To treat with sovereign con- 

lJi^3 Thukna, v. a. h. To spit. 

4^j^ Thuni, s. f. H. See ^e-^ • 

_j^^^ Thuhar, s. m. h. A plant 
(Euphorbia neriifolia). 

(4^ Tihi, a. p. Empty, vain. 
Pahbi tihi karnd. To abstain. T.-dast, 
a. Empty-handed, poor. T.-dasti, s.f. 
Poverty. T. dirndgh, a. Ignorant. 

^1^ Thegli, s.f. II. A patch. 

iii«j Thaila, 5. m. "^ ii. A purse 

^i4J Thaili, s.f. > tied round 

C^xi, Thailiya, s. f.J the waist ; 
a bag. 

e>V Tahin, ac?«;. h. Thither, there, 
exactly there. 

^j^ Thevva, s. m. h. A stone set 
in a ring. 

*j;vJ Tahiya, s. m. a. Preparation, 
provision, putting in order. 

j^3 Taiyar, a. a. Ready, prepar- 
ed, finished, complete. 

(s/j^ Taiyari, s. f. a. Readiness, 

«-^Uj Tyag, s. m, s. Leaving, re- 
nouncing, abandonment. 

liltjj Tyagna, v. a. s. To leave, 
abandon, desert, forsake, abdicate. 

(jAi^li-ii Tetalis, a. h. Forty-three. 
j^ Titar, s. m. s. A. partridge. 

iSj^^ Titri, s.f.H. 1. A butter- 
fly. 2. The name of a medicine. 

(j*^5 Tetis, a. s. Thirty-three. 

^ Tej, s. m. s. Ardour, splen- 
dour, glory, energy. 

1^^^ Tija, s. m. s. The third day 
after the death of a relation, on which 
oblations are offered. 

oUs^ Tej-pat, s. m. s. The leaf 
of the Laurus cassia, cassia. 

j»^ Tir, s. m. v. 1. An arrow. 2. 
The planet Mercury. 3. The fourth 
solar month of the Persian year corre- 
sponding to the Hindu Sdwan. 4. 
A beam, a mast. T. chaldnd, To 
shoot an arrow. 
^ Tir, s. m. s. Bank or shore. 

t^yjj Teva,, pr.2dpe7\ sing. h. Thy, 

jl^jl_^3 Tir-andaz, s. m. p. An 
archer. [chery. 

^jlivl^jj Tir-andazi, s. f. p. Ar- 

a'j^trJi"^ Tir-bariin, s. p. A punish- 
ment in which the culprit is shot with 

v^J.r4^ Tir-partab, s. p. The range 
of an arrow ; bowshot distance. 

J^j^ Tir-khaki, s. /. p. A kind 
of arrow; (light and with a small 

}i:,jA.jXi Tir-khurda, a. p. Wound- 
ed by an arrow. 

u^jj^ Tir-ras, *. p. See v'ir^^i^ • 

oj^-jiJ Tir-zan, *. p. An archer. 

iSjK^^ Tir-kari, s.f. p. The pier- 
cing of the body by an arrow. 

(J^j^ Tir-kash, s. m. p. Aper- 
ture, loop-hole. 

_Jj^ Tir-gar, s. p. An arrow- 

isjj^ Tir-gari, s. f. p. Arrow- 

( 166 ) 

^^jj^ Tiragi, s. f. p. Darkness, 

"^j'j^ Tir-i-ndwak, s. m. p. An 

arrow discharged through a tube. 
8/j3 Terah, a. s. Thirteen. 

ij^ Tira, a. p. Dark, obscure. 
T.-abr, s. m. Black clouds. T.-bakht, 
a. Unfortunate. T.-bakhti, s.f. Mis- 
fortune. T-dil, a. Black-hearted, 
malicious; an apostate, an outcast. 
T.-rang, a. Black. T.-rozgdr, Unfor- 
tunate. T.-rozi, s. f. Misfortune, ad- 

y^ Tez, a, p. Sharp, pungent, 
acute, hot, strong, impetuous, violent, 
swift. T.par, High-flying, swift- 
flying. T.-raftdr, T.-rau, a. Fast- 
going. T.-raui, s.f. Rapidity, swift- 
ness. T.'tabq, T.-qql, T.-fahm, T- 
hosh, a. Intelligent, quick of appre- 
hension. T.-qadam, T.-gdm, Swift, 
active, fast-going. T.-gdmi, s. f. 
Swiftness. T.-ndkhun, a. Sharp- 

vtn^ Tez-ab, s. m. p. Aqua fortis. 

cIjVaJ Tez-pat, See Tej-pat. 

•-O-jJ Tezak, s. m. p. Cress, cress- 

Lsy^ Tezi, s. f. p. Sharpness, 
swiftness, strength, &c. 

ij^^ Tis, ft. s. Thirty. 

cHiJ Tais, s. m. a. A goat, (espe- 
cially an old goat). 

^ Taisa, a. i\. Such. adv. So, 
in that manner, in like manner, at 
the same moment. 

Lr-V^ Tisra, a. s. Third. 

^•^3 Tisi, *./. s. Flax. 

*^ Tesha, *. /. p. A kind of axe, 
an adze. 

^ Tegh, *. /. p. A scimitar. T. 
ba-kaff. Sword in hand. T.-zan, a 
swordsman. T.-zani, Use of the 
scimitar, swordsmanship. 

Vij3 Tegha, s. m. p. A short broa^l 
scimitar. T.-numd, A sword like a 

{^J^i Tayaqqun, s. m. a. Ascer- 
taining, ascertainment, certainty. 

U-fcJ Tel, s. m. s. Oil. 

eAiJ Telin, 5. /. s. Wife of an Oil- 

^iJ Tell, s. m. s. An oilman ; the 
cast of oil- sellers. 

^vTili, 5. /. H. 1. A bar (of 
a cage, &c,) 2. The calf of the leg. 

1*^5 Teliya, s. m. h. Name of a 
colour, dark bay. T.-surang, a. Light- 
bay coloured. 

jUjjJ Timar, s. m. p. 1. Care, at- 
tention, regimen of the sick. 2. In- 
firmity, sickness, indisposition, aflSic- 

/♦^ Tayammum, s. m. a. Puri- 
fying with sand or dust (when water 
cannot be had). 

(iHjJ Tain,jor. H. Thou. Ten. post- 
pos. From, by, within. 

tHt^ Ta^in, postpos. h. Up to, to. 

i^ Tin, a. s. Three. T.-thdn, 
s. m. The private parts ; the penis. 
T.-terdli, a. Dispersed, scattered. 

t^-^H^ Taintis, a. s. Thirty-three. 

ji^AJ Tendii, s. m. s. A fruit 
(Diospyros ebenum). 

I^OJJJ Tendua, s. m. 11. A leopard. 

j^^ Tewar, s. m. h. Giddiness j 
swimming in the head. 

vJ|;>JiJ Teorana, v. n. h. To be 
giddy, to be faint, to stagger, to fall 
down senseless. 

{j^j_y^ Teoras, s. m. s. The third 
year past or to come (including the 
present year.) 

LS)^^ Teori, *. /. h. Frown. T. 
charhdnd, v. n. To frown. 

t^-H^ Tyun, or Tyon, adv. h. So, 
in like manner; at the same time. 

( 167 ) 

UiXJ^ Tyoudha, a. h. Dim-sight- 
ed, purblind. 

jlikyjj Teohar, s. m. h. A holy- 
day, a festival. 

jf^ Tihu, or Taihu, s. m. p. A 
small partridfj;e. a. Empty. 

j^^^jJ Tehi, adv. h. Exactly then. 

u^^ Teis, a. h. Twenty-three. 

& Represents the Deb-nagri "5 It 
does not occur in the Arabic or Per- 
sian Alphabets ; its sound differs 
from that of the preceding in being 
formed by applying the top of the 
tongue to the palate instead of to the 
roots of the teeth. 

yU Tap, s.f.H. 1. A stroke with 
the forefoot of an horse ; the sound 
of the stroke of a horse's hoof. 2. A 
bamboo frame for catching fish. 

'jl5 Tapa, s. m. h. A hen-coop. 
T.-toi, or T.-toiyd karnd, To trifle ; 
to grope, to rummage. 

lijlj Tapna, v. n. n. To paw with 
the forefeet. 

•S'Ij Tat, s. m. n. Canvass, sack- 
cloth. T.-hdf, s. m. A weaver of 
canvass. T.-hdf i, s.f. Embroidery. 

Ijjlj Tarna, v. a. h. See Talna. 

JIj Tal, s.f. H. "^ 1. Evasion,put- 

^'"Tala, 5. m. H.J ting aside, 
putting off or out of the way, reject* 
ing a request. 2. A heap of grain, 
a stack, a rick. 3. Baldness from 
age. 4. A turn or trick in wrestling. 
T. karnd. To put off; to heap. T. 
mdrna, To heap ; to turn the scale 
fraudulently in weighing. T.-matdl, 
Fraud, deceit. Tdld-bdld batdnd, To 
put off. 

Jy J^ Tal-tol, 1 *. m. H. 

J^ JG Ti\-ma.i^o\, J Evasion, 
prevarication, putting off, shuffling. 

UJlj Talna, v. a. h, 1. To evade, 

prevaricate, put off, postpone. 2. To 

drive out of the way, put aside, move, 

*2*itj Tant, s. f. H. The crown of 

the head. 
■•^iG Tank, s. m. s. A weight 

— 4 mdshas. 
•-iolj Tank, s. f. h. 1. An iron 

pin. 2. A stitch, 
'^'j Tanka, *. m. h. 1. A stitch. 

2. A tub made of stones. .3. Solder. 

Tdnke lagdnd. To stitch ; to solder. 
LJXilj Tankna, v. a. h. To stitch, 
^l' Tanki, s. f. h. 1. A vene- 
real chancre. 2. A square piece cut 

out of a melon. 
^^Ij Tanki, s. /. s. A chisel. 
C^15 Tiing, s. f. H. The leg. T. 

uthdnd, To copulate. T. dend, To 

hang up. 

<^Ij Tangan, or Tanghan, s. m. 
H. A kind of horse ; a Highland 

U^Ij Tangna, v. a. h. To hang up 
by a string. 

^/i^ Tangi, s.f. s. A hatchet. 
J*' Tabbar, s. m. u. Family. 

U5 Tappa, s. m. ii. 1. The post 
office. 2. A musical mode. 3. The 
bound of a ball, a jump, bound. 4. 
A sort of hook. T. mdmd, To sew 
or stitch with intervals ; to read in a 
desultory manner. 7'. khdnd. To 
bound or ricochet (a shot). 

Ijl^ Tapana, v. a. h. To cause to 
leap, jump over, &c. 

«il^3 Tapak, s. fa. 1. Pain. 2. 
Sound of dropping. T. parnd, To 
drip. T.-navis, One who reports er- 
roneously what he pretends to have 

[j^jj Tapkana, v. a. h. To cause 
to drip, to distil. 


( 168 ) 



l^V Tapakn^j v. n. h. 1. To 

drop when ripe ; to drip, to distil. 2. 
To throb, palpitate. 

^ Tapna, or Tap-jana, v. a. To 
jump over. Tapd-tod, part. Groping. 

^ Tatta, s. 711. H. A skreen. 

Ijj1<w Titkarna, v. a. h. To urge 
an animal by Titkdri, q. v. 

is}^ Titkari, *. /. h. The sound 
made by drawing the tongue from 
the roof of the mouth (to urge on a 
horse, &c.) 

^ Tattu, s. m. '^ 


UJ^ Tatolua, v. a.n. To feel for, 
search for by feeling, grope, touch. 

t5^ Tatti, s.f. H. 1. A skreen, a 
matted shutter. 2. A necessary office. 
3. A frame for illumination. T.bdndh- 
nd. To draw up men in close rank. 
Shikar ki tatti hi ot baithnd, To do 
secretly ; to form an ambuscade. 

^ Tatiya, s. f. h. See Tatti, 1. 

Lrt^ Tatihra, s. m. 8."^ 1. A sand- 

LS>tiw Tatihri, s.f.s.j piper 
(Tringa goensis). 2. A kind of rattle. 

U^ Takhna, s. m. h. The ankle- 

l5J Tidda, s. m. h. A grasshop- 

iS^ Tiddi, *./. H. A locust. 

lj|y Tarrana, v. a. s. To chatter. 

yy Tartar, and Tartar!, s. f. s. 

Ijl^y Tartarana, v. a. s. To chat- 

»2Uj Tasak, s.f. h. Shooting pain, 
stitch, throb. 

L>-^ Tasakna, v. a. h. 1. To 
move, shake. 2. To have pain. 3. 
'I'o decline in quality. 

Lv«J Tasna, v. n. h. To burst, 
split, crack. 

^ Tak, s. H. 1. Temper, dis- 

2. Fixed look. T. hdndhnd, 
T. lagdnd. To expect, long 

To stare 

^ Taka, *. wi. h. 1. A copper coin 

equal to two Pice. 
^^ Tikana, v. a. h. To retain, 

fix, stop ; to billet, lodge, station. 
fj^ Tiktiki, s.f. H. A lizard. 
^5^^^ Taktaki, *. /. h. Staring, 
fixed look. 

j^ Takkar, s. f. h. Shoving, 
pushing, shouldering, knocking 
against, striking a blow, butting. 2\ 
pahdr se leni, To enter the lists 
against an antagonist of superior 
force. T. khdnd, To stumble ; to be 
dashed against anything; to meet 
with a loss or misfortune. T. mdrnd. 
To knock against ; to pray; to curse. 

J^ Tukra, s. m. s. A piece, divi- 
sion, bit, morsel. T. purza, s. m. 
Scraps, clippings, shavings. T.-gadd, 
A beggar for a morsel. 

Ijyo Takrana, v. a. h. To knock 
together, to dash against, v. n. To 
grope in a dark place or passage. 

iS^ Tukri, s.f. s. See Tukra. 

JLiJ Taksal, s. m. f. s. A mint. 
T. charhnd. To be educated. T. 
bdhar, a. Uneducated, unpolished, 
rude ; unclassical. T. kd khotd, a. 
Spoilt in education. 

^JLS'i Tak sail, and Taksaliya, s. 
m. s. Officer of the mint. 

ij^ Tikli, s.f.H. 1. A wafer, a 
small round cake. 2. An ornament 
worn in the forehead. 

li^ Tikna, v. n. h. To stop, stay, 
remain, to be detained. 

Ui? Takna, v. n. h. To be stitch- 

\^ Takua, *. m. s. A spindle. 

Ijyo Takauna, s. m. h. See Taka. 

jj^ Taki, s. f. II. Stare, fixed 
look, aim. 

( 169 ) 

j_5^ Tikki, s. /. H. A small loaf. 
T. lagdnd, To form a connexion, to 
make interest, to earn a scanty live- 

Iji^j Tikiya, s.f. ii. A small cake; 
a little cake of charcoal for the 
Huqqa ; a wafer ; a bolus. 

IJUj Tanana, v. a. s. To extend, 
stretch, (See Tanna.) 

liij Tanta, s. m. h. Wrangling, 

3ju Tunc], s. m. h. A hand or 
branch that has been cut off. 

liij Tunda, a. h. Handless. s. 
The knob in the back part of a tur- 
band. Tunie-ddr, s. A turband with 
such a knob. 

ti-SJJ Tundi, a. h . Handless. s. f. 

The navel. 
J<yj Tankar, s. f. s. The twang 
(of a bowstring). 

Uijo Tankna, v. n. ii. To be 

Uj^Lio 'fankornd, v. n. h. To 

(jXijTangna, andTang-jana, v, n. 
H. To be hung or suspended. 

(jjiJ Timiya, a. h. Tiny. T. totd, 
A kind of parrot. 

\y Toa, or Toa-toi,*./. h. Act of 
feeling, groping, searching for. 

4^jj Topi, s. f. H. A hat. T. 
wdld, One who wears a hat ; a Eu- 
ropean or Moghal soldier ; an animal 
with a comb, &c. 

•^y Tut, *. /. s. 1. Fracture, 
breaking. 2. Misunderstanding or 
coolness between friends. 3. Harm, 
loss, deficiency. 4. A passage omit- 
ted in a book and afterwards written 
in the margin. T. parnd, To break 
in upon, to rush in, to be collected in 
crowds. T. jdnd, 1. To be broken. 
2. To become ill or pine. T. rahnd, 1. 
To be distressed, to be weary, to be 


reduced to poverty, to pine away. 2. 
To be separated. 

Ijp Ttata, part. s. Broken, de- 
cayed, s. m. Loss, failure, deficiency. 
T. phvtd, a. Fragments, broken to 

Ijp Tota, s. m. H. 1. Loss, defi- 
ciency. 2. A cartridge. 3. A can- 
dle's end. 

lijy Tutna, V. n. s. To break, to 
be broken, to fail, to break forth 

^jy Tor^, s. m. h. A ledge ex- 
tending out from a wall; eaves. 

viy Tuk, 1 s. m. s. A piece, bit, 
l^y Tiaka,J particle; a single 
beat (of a drum). 

]Jy Tokra, s. m. h. A large bas- 
ket without a lid. 

i^j^y Tokri, s, f, h. A small 
basket, v. s. 

^y fola, s. m. H. A quarter or 
particular part of a town. 

^y Tonta, h. l.s. m. A cracker, 
a serpent in fireworks ; a cartridge ; a 
joint of bamboo. 2. a. Handless. 

^_^y Tonti, *. /. H. A spout. 

fj'^y Ttlndi, *. /. s. The navel ; 
a stump of a branch or tree. 

li%j Tungna, v. a. h. To pick, 
nibble, chew straw, &c.; to pick, 

<S»l^ That, s. m. H. 1. The frame 
of a roof for thatching, on which the 
straw is laid. 2. Arrangement, ad- 

U-il^j Thasna, v. a. h. To stuff, 
cram, ram down. 

Jk> Th^kur, s. m. s. 1. The 
dcMty; an idol. 2. A lord, master, 
chief (among Rajputs) ; a landholder. 
3. A barber. T.-dwdrd, An idol 

li-«Jl«j Thdnsna, v. a. h. See 


{ 170 ) 


lJot«j ThSnna, v. a. u. See Thanna, 
V. a. 

^ Thappa, *. m. h. An instru- 
ment for stamping leather, a die, a 

li^ Thapna, v. a. h. To strike. 

L*V Thattha, s. m. h. 1. Fun, 
sport, joking. 2. Name of a place. 
Thatthe-bdz, s. A jester, humorous 
person, funny fellow, jocular. That- 
ihe-bdzi, s.f. Jesting, joking, fun. 
_j4^ Thatthar, s.m. h. The frame 
of a matted skreen, the bamboo-frame 
of a thatched roof, shell of a house. 

[f^^ Thithara, a. h. Numbed, 
benumbed, torpid. 

iZ^\j^ Thithrahat, *. /. h. 
Numbness, torpor. 

li^y^lgj Thithirna, or Thithurna, v. 
n. H. To be numbed or benumbed, to 
be chill. 

(Sj^** Thathri, s.f. h. The frame 
of a matted skreen or of a thatched 
roof, the shell of a house ; a bier ; a 
skeleton, a very thin person. 

Ux»HJ Thathakna, or Thithakna, 
V. n. H. To stop, stand amazed, draw 
back in surprise, shrink. 

2^^HJ Thathor, or Thathol, a. h. 
Waggish, jocose; banterer, jester. 

^y^^HJ Thatholi, s. f. h. Fun, 
humour, sport, joking. 

l;i^^ Thathera, s. m. h. 1. A 
brasier, a tinker. Thathere thathere hi 
badlai, A bargain between two sharp 
people, diamond cut diamond. 2. The 
stalk of the Joar (Holcus sorgum). 

iS^i' Thuddi, s. /. H. 1. The 
chin. 2. Parched grain. T. pakarnd, 
To flatter, to curry favour. 

Gi^ Thirana, v. a. h. To cause 
to congeal. 

U^ Thirna, v. n. s. To freeze, to 
be chilled. Tltamd, v. n. See Tha- 

l-"^ Thassa, s. m. h. A mould or 

GL44J Thusana, v. a. h. To cause 
to stuff. 

l^J Thusna, v. n. h. To be stuff- 
ed or crammed. 

t_yi*«"«j Thasni, s./. H. A rammer. 

Ij^ Thikana, s. m. h. 1. Resi- 
dence, place, station, abode, dwelling. 
2. Boundary, limit, T. dundhnd, 
To seek a residence or employment. 
T. karnd, To account for, to search 
or trace an affair to its commence- 
ment. T. lagdnd, 1. To establish, 
settle, prove. 2. To find out one's 
residence. Thikdne lagdnd, 1. To 
kill, waylay. 2. To establish, settle. 
Thikdne lagnd. To be killed, to die, 
to put an end to, to be terminated. 

i5i»^ Thakthak, s. m. f. h. 1. 

Hard work, difficulties. 2. A sound. 
lj"<^ix^ Thakthakand, v. a. h. To 

tap, rap, pat. 

liH^^ Thakthakiya, s. m. h. A 
stickler, a wrangler. 

^HJ Thakthela, a. h. Stuffed 
together in a crowd, crowded. 

t^^Thikra, s. m. h. 1. A frag- 
ment of an earthen vessel, a shard. 
2. A vessel for carrying fire, such as 
faqirs use. 

^y^ Thukrana, v. a. h. To kick 

or strike with the toes. 

^J\^ Thakurai, s. f. s. Divinity, 

{^X^ Thakurayan, s. f. s. A 
goddess or idol. 

tS^ Th&g, 5. m. H. A robber, a 
cheat. T.-bidydy T.-bdzt, Fraudu- 
lent dexterity, thievish arts. T. Idnd, 
and T. lend. To rob, to cheat. T.-dnd, 
V. n. To be cheated. 

J>^ Thagai, s. /.a. Robbery, 
theft, cheating. 


( 1/1 ) 


Li^J Thagna, v. a. n. To cheat, to 

^iJL^ Thagni, s. f, h. A female 

robber or cheat. 
iS)_^ Thagori, *. /. h. Cheat, 

li^" Thagiya, *. m. h. A robber, 

cl^J Tahal, s. f. h. Housewifery, 

housekeeping, service, job, task, 

^ drudgery, business, work. 2\ takor, 
s.f. Business, duty, work. T. karnd. 

To serve, drudge. T. lagdni, To 

dance attendance. 
bV Tahlanii, v. a. h. To lead 

about; to make dance attendance, 
l^V Tahahia, v. n. h. To walk 

backwards and forwards, to prome- 
nade, ramble. 
Ijj^J Thiliyaj s.f.H.A water-pot. 
kiU«j Thumak, s. f. n. Walking 

or waving gracefully ; dignified pace. 
^^ ^ ♦« ' Thumakna, v. n. h. To 

walk with grace or stateliness ; to 

t^j Thanna, v. n. h. To be fixed, 

ascertained. Thand, v. a. To fix 

settle, resolve, determine, perform. 

fc^U^ Thanak, *. h. A jingle, 
tinkle, clink. 

Gtj^ii^ Thanthanana, v. n. h. To 
jingle, rattle. 

51»j Thand, or Thandak, s. f. h. 
Coldness ; a cold. 

|51§J Thanda, or Thandi, a. h. 
Cold. T. pafnd, To abate (anger, 
virility, or wantonness). T. karnd. 
To make cold ; to extinguish ; to 
comfort, assuage, pacify. T. hond. 
To become cold ; to be extinguished ; 
to be comforted or pacified ; to rest ; 
to lose virility. Thandi sdns bharni, 
To sigh. Kalejd than^d hond, To be 
pleased or happy, to have one's re- 
venge gratified. 

Y 2 

^l5i^ Thandai, s. f. u. Refrige- 
rant medicine ; an intoxicating drug 
made of Bhang. 

i2Ahj Thinak, or Thunuk, s. f.n. 

li^^jj Thunkana, v. a. h. To cause 
to knock or hammer. 

tv^J Thinakna, or Thunukna, 
V. n. H. To sob. 

j^^Thaur, H. I. s. f. Place, re- 
sidence. 2. adv. Upon the spot. 
T. rahnd. To be killed on the spot* 

ij^3y^ Thorhi, or Thori, s. f. h. 

" The chin. 

u*^ Thos, a. H. Solid. 

llwy^j Thosna, v. a. h. To stuff. 
_^j^> Thokar, s. f. u. 1. A blow, 
stroke, thump. 2. Tripping or strik- 
ing the foot against anything, a kick, 
a stumble. 3. A stumbling block. 
T. khdnd, To trip, stumble ; to meet 
with a misfortune. T. lagnd. To 
make stumble; to hit the foot. 

Ii0«j Thokna, v. a. n. See Lkij^; 

5l^«j Thola, *. m. h. 1. A cup for 
the food and drink of a bird in a 
cage. 2. The knuckles. T, mdrnd, 
To strike with the knuckles. 

&^j^ Thonth, s. m. h. Beak, 

^^ Thun^h, s. m.n. Stump of 
a tree, a branch, or of the hand. 

l«jj^ Thun^hd, a. h. 1. Having 

the hand amputated. 2. Having its 
branches lopped and leafless (a tree). 

U%4J Thonkna, v. a. h. To knock, 
hammer, drive (as a stake) ; to thrust 
with the finger, to fillip, thump, beat^ 

^j^ Thong, s. /. Thonga, s. m. 
H. Striking with the finger; pecking. 

I^t^ Thahaka, *. m. h. A peal, 
explosion, succession of loud sounds. 

til^^ Thahrana, v. a. h. To fix, 
stop, determine, appropriate, settle. 

( 172 ) 

j]j.^ Thahrao, s. m. h. Settle- 
ment, fixture, permanencj-, appropri- 
ation, proof. 

IJ^4J Thaharna, v. n. h. To be 
stopped or fixed ; to stop or stay ; to 
be settled, determined, proved. 

Yi«" Thip, *. /. H. A kind of 

^J^ Thepi, s.f. H. A cork, plug, 

O***^ Thes, s.f. H. A knock, blow, 
shove, thrust, stumble, trip. 

IL^ Thesna, v. a. h. To pierce ; 
to knock against ; to stuflf, cram, ram 
down ; to eat ravenously. 

iSx^ Thik^ a. H. 1. Exact, even, 
accurate, complete, just, fit, proper, 
reasonable, true, regular, right. 2. 
Parsimonious, s. m. Sum, addition. 
T.-thdk, a. Exact, fit, &c. ; properly, 
fitly. T. karnd, To put to rights, 
correct, adjust ; to beat. 

<^^ Thek, s. f. H. A support, 

^i^' Thika, s. m. h. 1. Hire, 
fare, fixed price. 2, Job-work, a 
task. Thekd, s. m. A plug. 

I^^" Thikra, s. m. Thikn, «./. h. 
A broken piece of earthen ware. 

yL^-%J Thela-theli, s.f. h. 
Shoving and shouldering. 

^J^J Thelna, v. a. h. To shove, 
push, push forward. Theld-theli, s.f. 
Shoving and shouldering. 

«^^4^ Thenthi, s. f. h. 1. A 
cork, plug, ball of ear-wax. 2. A 

li?i«J Theona, s. m. s. The knee ; 
the pastern of a horse. 

f^ Tip, s. f. u. 1. A note of 
hand. 2. Drawing a card. 3. Rais- 
ing the voice in singing. 4. The act 
of pressing or compressing. T.-tdp, 
s.f. 1. Ornament. 2. Pressing or com- 
pressing. T. lend. To draw a card. 

Uaaj Tipna, v. a. h. To press^- 
compress, squeeze, grope, feel. 

lAjAj Terha, a. h. Crooked, bent. 
T.-berd, a. Crooked. T. karnd, To 
bend, crook. 

j_jjIajaj Terhai, s. f. h. Crooked- 

LSj^ Tip, s.f. H. A locust. 

O^^ Tis, *. /. H. A throb, throb- 
bing, shooting pain. T. mdrnd. To 

li— JJ^ Tisna, V. n. h. To palpitate, 

y^ Tesu, s. w. H. 1. The blos- 
soms of the Palas tree (Butea fron- 
dosa). 2. A kind of play. 

*il^ Tek, s. f. Tekan, s. m. h. 
A prop, pillar, reliance, support. 

Li^ Tekna, v. a. h. To support, 
prop. T. rahnd. To lean upon. 

^ Tika, *. /. s. A commentary. 
s. m. 1. Inoculation. 2. A mark 
made on the forehead by Hindus ; 
an ornament worn on the forehead. 
3. The nuptial gifts. 

^ TWi, s. m. H. A hillock, ridge, 
rising ground. 

i^JjH Telua, s. m. h. A beam. 

oijj^ Tent, s. m. h. The ripe 
fruit of Karil ; a speck on the eye. 

l^ixxJi Tentua, *. m. h. The wind- 
pipe, the throat. 

\^^ Tengra, *. m. Tengri, s, f. 
s. A fish (Silurus). 

•i Se is the fourth letter of the 
Arabic alphabet : it does not occur in 
Persian words. Its sound among the 
Arabs is that of the English th (as 
in thiri) but the Persians give it the 
sound of *. In Abjad it represents 
500. When Persian words are in- 
troduced into Arabic writings it is 

( 173 ) 

sometimes used instead of te or sin 
and in Arabic words the letter ye is 
sometimes substituted for it. 

•^jlj Sabit,* a. a. Firm, con- 
stant, durable, stable, fixed ; proved, 
confirmed, established. S. rahnd. 
To adhere to a person. iS. harnd, To 
confirm, establish, render durable; to 
prove by witness. 

^Ur^b Sabit-khani, s, a. p. A 
kind of soldier or servant. 

I««^b Sabit-qadam, a. A. Im- 
movable, stable, resolute, permanent, 

t-**^ Saqib, a. A. 1. Shining, 
splendid. 2. Sublime, high. 

^li' Sails, s. w. A. 1. The third. 
2. An umpire, arbitrator, mediator. 
S. saldsa, s. m. A Trinity. S, bi-l- 
khair. An unprejudiced arbitrator. 

*^^j Salisa, *. /. a. An arbitress, 

^J^(i Salisi, s.f. a. Arbitration. 

(«J^-> Sani, a. a. Second, s. m.f. 
The second. S.-ul-hdl, Another time. 

*iJlJ Saniya, s.f. a. The second. 

^^ Saniyan, adv. a. Secondly, 
a second time. 

oUi Sabat, s. m. a. Permanency, 
stability, firmness, resolution, con- 

•i^xS Sabt, s. f. A. See e.Uj. S. 
harnu, To inscribe, subscribe, write. 
S. hand, To be inscribed or written. 

o>xj" Svibut, S.f. A. 1. See oUj. 
2. Confirmation by evidence, a. Firm. 

ly Sara, a. a. Opulent, rich. *. m. 
The earth. 

^JLr* Sarwat, s. /.A. 1. Wealth. 
2. Multitude. 

^^ Sarwatuhu, a. His wealth. 

Uji Suraiya, s. m. a. The Pleia- 

«-J^ S?ilab,* s. m. a. A fox. 

(^j^jc>.^\xi Salab-misri, s. m. a. 

Salep (considered a restorative and 

c>l*J Siqat, s. plur. of^. 
^^ Saqalat, s. f. a. Heaviness, 

tWu Siql, s. m. a. Gravity, weight; 

heavy load ; indigestion. 
^ Siqa,* *. m. a. Confidence ; 

a confidant, a trusty friend. 
iS4^ Saqil, a. a. Heavy ; lazy, 

pldegmatic ; indigestible. 
't^^ Salas, a. a. Three. Sulds, 

adv. By threes. 
^J>^ Sulasi, a. a. Triangular, 

anything made up of three parts, 

triple ; triliteral. 
^ Suls, s. m. A. 1. The third 

part. 2. An Arabic hand writing. 
^*j Samar, s. m. a. Fruit; pro- 
duce, advantage, profit ; oflfspring. 
y^oj^ Samar-dar, a. a. p. Fruit- 
bearing, &c. 
«^ Samara, s. a. See^*J. 
{^ Saman, s. m. a. Price, value. 

Sumn or Sumun,'s. m. The eighth part. 
^ Sana,*./, a. Praise, applause. 

S.gustari, s.f. Scattering praise. 
v'>> Savvab, *. m. a. The future 

reward of virtue ; reward, premium ; 

a virtuous action. 
<^y Sawabit, s. m, plur. of '^IJ, 

A. The fixed stars. 
V>> Saub,* s. m. a. A robe, 

jy^ Saur, s. m. A. 1. A bull ; the 

sign Taurus. 2. Twilight. 3. A 

mountain near Mecca. 
V^ Siydb, s. m. a. plur. of wp. 
*^ Saiyiba, s. f. a. A young 

woman who has consummated her 
. marriage (mulier). 

( m ) 

5 Jim or Jim-i-tazi, the fifth let- 
ter of the Arabic and sixth of the 
Persian Alphabet, has the sound of j 
in judge. In Arabic it stands for 3 
in Abjad, for Tuesday in Almanacks, 
and for the sign Cancer in astrono- 
my ; it may also stand for the Arabic 
month Jamddiy-ul-dkhir. It is some- 
times used for zdl, shin, and he : and 
te, zhe, and gdf are occasionally 
substituted for it. Rarely it is re- 

^- Ja, *. /. p. A place. Jd-ha-jd, 
adv. Everywhere. 

wU. Jab, *. m. H. 1. A muzzle 
for large cattle. 2. A net for fruit. 
3. A sort of grass. 

yh- Jabh', s. m. a. Despot, ty- 

4^1^ Jabi, *. f. H. A small muz- 
zle, &c. See Jab. 

«i>La. Jdit, s.f. s. Cast, sect, tribe, 
class, race. J.-pdnt, or J.-pdnti, s.f. 
A pedigree. 

I^jLj. Jatra, s. f. s. Pilgrimage, 
journey, procession, festival. 

(Sy^ Jatri, s. m. s. A pilgrim. 

4^^ Jati, s. f. s. Jasmine. J. 
phal, s. m. Nutmeg. See Jae-phal. 

*«3^. Jath, *. m. s. 1. The axis 
of an oil or sugar-mill which presses 
the grain or the canes. 2. A post in 
the centre of a tank to mark its being 
dedicated to a Hindu deity. 

'^^^ Jajat, s. /. A. The series of 
binary combinations of letters begin- 
ning with Jim. 

"^^ Jajak, 5. m. H. A player 
on cymbals or on the tambour. 

^1^ Jajam, s.f, h. A cloth thrown 
over the carpet to sit on. 

*^^ Jachna, v. a. s. To want, 
need, ask, beg. 

.^'o^' Ja-dad, s. f. p. A place, 
station, service, employment, con- 

^.^La. Jadaj, s. m, p. See »o^-. 

j^^ Jadii, *. m. p. Enchantment, 
conjuring, juggling. J. chaldnd. To 
practise incantations. 

j^j^^ Jadu-gar, s. m. p. An en- 
chanter, magician, conjurer, juggler, 

ij^'jh^^ Jadu-garni, s. /.p. h. 
An enchantress, &c. v, s. 

LSj^j^^ Jadii-gari, *. /. Magic, 

x-il^ Jada, s. m. a. A pathway, 

road; the highway; the right road; 

manner, practice, 
vi'^ Jazib, ^a?'^. a. a. Alluring, 

attractive ; drawing (as a plaster), 
jl^ Jar, s. m. a. A neighbour. 
j^ 3kvT,part. a. a. Giving A:a«r to 

the last letter of a word. Harf-i~ 

jdrr, A particle which occasions the 

noun to end in kasr. 
JjIa, Jaral, s. m. h. A kind of 

wood (Lagerstromia flos reginae). 
(jj^- Jaran, s. m. s. Firewood, 

U,l&. Jarna, v. a. s. To light, 

kindle, burn, 
wjjta. Jarub, s. m. p. A broom or 

the sweeper who uses it. J.-kash, 

A sweeper. 

iS)^ Jari, a. a. Running, flow- 
ing, current, proceeding. J. karnd, 
To begin, to set on foot. J. hond. 
To flow, to pass current, to be in 
force, to proceed (as business). 

*J;W- Jariya, s. /. a. A maid ser- 

Ijla- Jara, s, m. s. Cold, coldness j 
the winter. 

^jh- Jazam, s. f. h. See Jajam. 

( 175 ) 

Cj^Jazim,j3. a. a. Having the 
property of rendering the last letter 
of a word quiescent. 
^yjj>. Jasus, s. m. a. A spy, an 

^yj.sf. Jasusi, s.f. A. The action 
" of a spy. J. harnd, To play the spy. 
^jJol^U Jaga-bandi, s.f. s. Drow- 
siness, sleepiness. 
vi^lla^ Jagat, s.f. s. Watchfulness, 

lill^ Jagna, v. n. s. To awake, to 

be awake. 
A^fu. Jagah, s.f h. See *t^. 
j4''^ Ja-gir, s.f. p. Land given by 
government as a reward for services, 
or as a fief. J.-ddr, A jagir-holder, 
Jl^ Jal, a. A. See (J*e^. 
JU. Jal, s. w. s. 1. A net, a sash. 
2. Magic, illusion. J.-ddr, a. Reti- 
culated. J. sildhi, s. f. A coat of 
mail. J. laM, s.f. Valerian. 
ilU>. Jala, *. m. s. 1. Cobweb. 
2. A pellicle. 3. A speck on the eye, a 
cataract. 4. A jar. 
^U. Jail, 5./. s. 1. Network. 2. 
The integuments of the foetus, secun- 
dines. 3. A coil, a caul. 4. Lattice, 
grate, trellis-work. J. pcfnd. The 
hardening of the stone of a mangoe. 
^JM^xJ\Jf. Jalinus, n.pi\ gr. Galen. 
f^ Jam, s. m. F. I . A goblet, 
cup, glass, bowl, drinking vessel. 2. 
A mirror. J.-i-jam, or J.-i-jamshid, 
s. m. The mirror of Jamshid, in which 
he saw whatever he wished. J.-i- 
jahdn-numd, A pharos. J.-ddr- khdna, 
A wardrobe. J.-i-labrez, A bumper. 
j*l^ Jdm, s. m. 8. 1. The rose 
apple (Eugenia Jambos). 2. A 
watch. (See Pahar.) 
•x^la. Jdmid, a. a. Styptic. Ism-i- 
jdmid, A primitive noun from which 
no word is derived. 

^i.i,xU^ Jamdani, s.f. p. 1 . A kind 
of cloth (generally muslin) in which 
the flowers are wove and not worked. 
2. A kind of leather basket. 3. 
(Applied to vessels of metal, &c.) 
Flowered, sculptured, or embossed. 
jaiIa. Jami, p. a. a. Completing, 
comprehending, collecting, collector. 
a. All, whole, universal, collective. 
*. /. The great mosque of a town 
where the prayer called khutha is re- 
peated on Fridays. J.-ul-kamdldt, a. 
Most learned, skilled in all the scien- 
ces, containing the essence of all per- 
^^la. Jamgi, or Jamagi, s. f. p. 

1. A salary. 2. Match of a gun. 
e^*'^ Jaman, s. f s. The Jam 

fruit and tree. See Jam. 

^^'o\:^ Jaman, s. m. h. Sour milk 

used to coagulate fresh milk, rennet. 

(_rj-«l^ Jamus, s.m. a. A buffalo. 

A^^. Jama, s. m. p. A garment,. 

robe, gown, vest. 
<sjLs:t^l^ Jama-khana, s. m. p. A 
wardrobe ; a chest or sack for clothes. 
^i.i.^x)la. Jama-ddni, *. /. p. A 

(_*j).^/ela. Jama-zeb, a. p. Becom- 
ing one's clothes. 
jI^^Ia. Jama-war, a. v. Fit to 
make clothes of, sufficient for a Jdma, 
s. m. A flowered sheet or shawl, a 
kind of chintz, 
cjla- J^n, *. m.f. p. 1. Life, soul, 
spirit, mind, self. 2. A sweetheart. 
a. Dear, beloved. J. bar haqq taslim 
karnd, To expire, die. J. bar hond. 
To survive, outlive. J. par dnd or 
parnd. To be exposed to imminent 
danger. J. par khelnd, To run the 
hazard. J. par naubat dni, To be in 
imminent danger of life. J. parnd. 
To be refreshed. J. taslim karnd, To 
resign one's life. J, chhurdnd. To 
escape, get rid of. J. se mdmd, 

( 1/6 ) 

To kill. J. kisi par dend, 1. To love 
excessively. 2. To die, to fall a sacri- 
fice. J. mdmd, or J. khdnd. To over- 
come, exhaust, deject, depress, vex, 
perplex, plague. J.-menjdn dnd, To 
be satisfied, comforted. 

ly'^ Jan, part. s. Knowing. J. 
bujhke, adv. "Wilfully, purposely. 

cjt*. Jann, s. m. A. A demon, one 
of the genii. 

*jlj^ Jana, v. n. s. To go, to pass, 
to be, to reach, continue. Jdtd rahnd, 
To be lost or missing ; to disappear ; 
to go or pass away. 

4^^Tc»'-^ Jan-afarin, s. p. Anima- 
tor, creator (God). 

e;ULi. Janan, o/Jan,p. Loves, 
sweethearts. Sing. A sweetheart. 

V^'^ Janib, s. f. a. Part, side. 
adv. Towards. J.-ddr, A supporter, 
a second. J.- rfari, s. /. Supporting, 

jLwl^ Jan-baz, a. p. Risking life, 
venturesome, daring. 

^jlAJLi. Jan-bazi, s. f, p. Risking 
life (in battle) ; working at anything 
as if life depended on success. /. 
karnd. To risk life in a business. 

Aia^Lwl^ Jau-bakhta, a. p. See 

cr^'^^^ Jdn-bakhsh, a. p. Ani- 
mating, bestowing life, forgiver of a 
capital crime. 

j^i-yia. Jan-bakhshi, s. f. p. 
Giving life, vivification ; pardon of a 
capital crime. 

'r^k' Jan-ba-labb, a. p. On the 
point of expiring. J. dmada. Life at 
the point of expiring. J. hand, To 
be at the point of death. 

eri^^- Janibain, s. dual, o/ Janib, 
A. Mutual, on both sides. J.-se, Re- 
ciprocally, alternately. 

o^^ti''^ Jan-pahchan, s. m. p. s. 
An acquaintance ; intimate friend. 

' «i»JLa. Jant, *. /. s. A woodea] 
trough for raising water. 

ISJ^A. Jdnta, s. B. 1. A stone mill 
for grinding corn ; a handmill of two 
stones one over the other. 2. A pair 
of bellows. 

^I^U. Jan-tarash, a. p.Weaken- 

^l^ Janch, s. m. h . Trial, exami- 
nation, test, assay, proof. 

^^^*^ Janchna, v. a. h. To ex- 
amine, to try. 

jliioU. Jan-dar, a. p. (Having life) 
An animal ; powerful, active, spirited. 

jU.JVa. Jan-sipar, a. p. Resigning 
one's life into the hands of another. 

y(Li-J'.a. Jan-sitan, a. p. Life- 
destroying (as poison, &c.) 

aLL^-JLa. Jan-sokhta, a. p. Hav- 
ing the soul inflamed. 

j^-JLa. Jan-soz, a. p. Heart-in- 
flaming; beloved. 

(iHi*^^ Ja-nishin, s. m. p. A lo- 
cum-tenens, deputy, successor, vice- 

lyLikflila. Jan-fishan, a. p. Ready- 
to sacrifice one's life for another, 
zealous, fervent. 

^tSkftiU. Jan-fishani, *. /. p. Very 
hard labour, extreme diligence, de- 
votion. J. karnd. To strain every 

j^La. Jan-kah,a. p. Life-reducing, 
heart-breaking, pathetic, affecting. 

^A^^iLa. Jan-kahi, *. /. p. Diminu- 
tion of life ; what tends to shorten 

jjjtiJJoLa. Jan-kandan, s. m. p. Gasp- 
ing in the agonies of death. 

^txlijU. Jan-kandani,^5./. p. The 
^iiLai. Jan-kani, J agonies 

of death ; agony ; torture. 
y^L^ Jan-gudaz, a. p. Heart- 
melting, life-wasting. 

( 177 ) 

t_y3'«>>^'^ Jdn-gudazi, s.f. p. Wast- 
ing or consumption of life, trouble 
of mind. 

^l^ Jangar, *. m. s. The thigh 
and leg. 

A*^La- Jangh, s. f. s. The thigh. 

J^^La. Janghal, s. m. s. A kind 
of heron (Ardea indica). 

U^l^ Janghiya, s. m. s. A kind 
of breeches that do not cover the 

liita- Janiia, v. a. s. To know, 
understand, comprehend, suppose, 

jUje^L*. Jan-nisar, a. p. a. Devot- 
ed, sacrificing one's life. 

^^IjjiijU. Jan-nisari, s.f. v. a. De- 
votedness, &c. v. s. 

^jIa. Jano, imper. of Janna, s. Un- 
derstand, suppose ; that is, videlicet. 

jiy U Jan-war, s. m. p. An animal. 

j^^ Janhar, a. s. Going, pass- 
ing away. 

^^j'*" Jani, a. p. Of the heart or 
soul, dear, beloved, s. A lover, a 
friend. J. dushman, A deadly ene- 
my (seeking one's life). 

jii-U. Jane-do, s. Never mind, 
let alone, don't. 

U.0L.U. Jane-dena, v. a. s. To 
liberate, let go ; to excuse, pass over. 

i_Vs:^li_^ Jane an-jane, s. Wit- 
tingly or unwittingly. 

vyijU. Jawan, a. s. Twins. 

^^jla. Jawatri, or Jawitri, s. f s. 

o'j>j'-a> Jawidan, a. p. Eternal. 
jloijL. Jawidani, 5. /. p. Eternity. 

kDjla. Jawak, s. m. s. Tl>e red 
colour procured from the lakh insect. 

«>ojU. Jawed, "^ a. p. Always, 

lyljj^Uk Jawedan,j eternal. 

Jila. Jah, s. f. P. Dignity, rank, 

grandeur. J.-o-jaldl, Dignity, &c. 
splendour, magnificence, pomp. 

cUla. Jahil, * a. a. Ignorant, bar- 
barous, brutal. 

^aIa. Jahi, s.f. s. A flower (Jas- 
minum grandiflorum); a firework 
resembling that flower. 

^jj^ Jae, s.f. p. A place. J. itirdz. 
Time or place of opposition. J. bash. 
Place of abode. J. zarur, s. f. The 
necessary. J. ghamm, The place or 
time of grief. J. nishin. See Jd- 

t^La. Jai, a. f. s. Born. s. f. A 

k^ Jaya, a. m. s. Born. s. m. 
A son. 

is^h^^ Jae-patri, s. f. s. Mace. 

J«^l^ Jae-phal, s. m. s. Nutmeg, 

cldJ^ Jae-dad, s. f. p. An assign- 
ment on land for the maintenance of 
any establishment. 

y.^ Jaiz, a. A. Lawful, permit- 
ted, warrantable, right, s. m. A joist, 
a beam. 

Ar>jla. Jaiz-ki, adv. a. Possibly ; 
it may be that. 

«>jVa Jaiza, s. m. a. I. Examina- 
tion, reviewing, confronting. 2. Be- 

j-iAi'^ Jae-gir, s. f. p. A pension. 
a. Fixed. J.-ddr, The possessor of 
a Jdgir, a feoffee. Jde-giri, a. Em- 
ployed by holding a pension or con- 

V^ Jab, adv. s. When, at the 
time when. Jab- tab, Now and then. 
Jab-tak, -talah, and -tofi, adv. Till 
when. Jab-jab, Whenever. Jab-kd- 
tab. At the time when, at the pro- 
per moment, Jab-kabhi, or -kabhu, 
Whenever. Jab-ki, adv. At the time 
when, when. Jab-lag, adv. Till when. 
Jab-na-tab, adv. Perpetually. Jab- 
hi, adv. At the very time. 

( 178 ) 


jU^ Jabbar, a. supei'l. of yt^ a. 
Omnipotent, mighty, s. m. I. Con- 
queror; revenger. 2. Orion. 3. A tall 
palm tree. 

Jlxa. Jibal, s. plur. of Jabal, a. 
Mountains, hills. 

^>)\xsf. Jaban, a. a. Pusillanimous. 

2(Ua. Jibah, *. plur. of *t^ a. 
j^ks^ Jabr, s. m. a. Oppression, 
violence, force, strength, power. J.- 
se. By violence, violently. J.-i-nuqsdn, 
Making good a deficiency ; giving 
something extra with a deficient ar- 
ticle to make it up. J.-o-muqdbala, 

[;X*. Jabran, adv. a. Oppressive- 
ly, by violence. 

j^jAa. Jabari, s.f a. Oppression, 

cU[^Aa. Jabrail 

n. prop. a. The 
- archangel Ga- 

Jjl,r»^ Jabrail, 

(jAj^Aa"- Jabrail^ 

^.j^ Jabril, I 

t^j^ Jabrin, J 

\y^ Jabra, s.m.H. The jaw, or the 
part of the face from the corners of 
the mouth to the jaws. 

Ja^ Jabal,* s. m. a. A moun- 
tain, a hill. 

oJaa. Jibillat, s. f. a. Essence, 
quality, disposition, temperament, 
constitution, make, form. 

l«ydAa. Jabalqum, s. m. a. An 

^^^ Jibilli, a. A. Natural, in- 
nate, essential j in general. 

i:;^ Jubun, s. m. a. Pusillani- 

iAai. Jubba, s. m. a. A kind of 
long vest resembling a shirt ; a coat 
of mail. 

l^^ Jabha, ~\s. m. h. The jaw. 

lj4A^Jabhra,j See [j*^. 

&t^ Jabha, * s. m, a. The fore- 

n. s. 1. To be 

2. To be tilled, v. a. 

s. Arable, s. f. 

head. J.-sd, Rubbing the forehead 

on the ground, begging earnestly. 

J.-sdi, The act of rubbing, &c. 
e^jrf^ Jabin, s. f. a. The forehead. 
tL*. Jita, a. H. See Jitna. 
IjUa. Jatara, *. m. s. Dynasty. 
IjlJla. Jatana, v. a. s. To inform 

of, caution, remind, admonish, de- 
vjlia. Jitana, v. a. s. To cause to 

win or conquer. 
Ijtj^ Jutana, v. 

joined, to yoke. 

To conglutinate. 
fji^ Jutai, a. 
' Tillage. 
Liia. Jitna, a. m. Jitni, a. f. h. 

How much, so much, as much as, 

as many. Jitne men, In as much 

(time) as. 
IJtyLa. Jutwana, v. a. s. To cause 

to join or yoke, 
l^iai- Jatha, s. m. s. A company, 

band, party, class. J. bdndhnd, to 

form a party. 
GULa. Jutiyana, v. a. h. To beat 

with a slipper. 
cXxia. Jitek, a. 11. As much as, 

as many as. 

ojBi- Jat, or Jata, s. f. s. Matted 

<_5-jU^'La. Jata-dhari, a. s. Whose 

hair is matted, s. f. The cockscomb 

flower (Celosia cristata). 
j_j*oU!l>^ Jata-masi or -mansi, s. f. 

s. Spikenard (Valeriana jatamansi). 
tila. Jutna, V. n. s. To close with, 

to engage in close fight, to close, 

unite, join. 

^I^Ia. Jithani, s.f. s. Husband's 

elder brother's wife. 
4J^ Jussa, s. m. a. The body, the 

figure of the human body. 
^=^ Jachd, or Jachcha, s. f. p. 


179 ) 


A woman in child-birth and for 40 
days after ; a lying-in woman. 

»2»jtf^ Jachawat, s. f. a. Test, 
trial, proof. 

•xa. Jad, adv. s. See Jab. 

*^ Jadd,* s. m. A. 1 . A grand- 
father. 2. Dignity, glory (of God). 
3. Happiness, prosperity. 

^ Jidd, s. m. A. Trial, endea- 
vour, eflfort, study. J.'O-jahd karnd. 
To endeavour, to strive. J.-o-kadd, 
s. m. Expostulation, endeavour, effort. 

I«>^ Juda, a. P. Separate, dis- 
tinct, different, peculiar; away, ab- 
sent. J.-judd, a, p. Various, one by 
one, severally. J.-judd kahna. To 

Jl"^ Jidal, s. m. a. Altercation, 
contest. Jang-o-jiddl, Fighting, con- 

JjliXa. Jadawil, s. plur. of Jji^. 

t^liiai- Judai, s.f. p. Separation. 

iSj"^ Judri, s. f. A. The small- 

J^A. Jadal, s. m. a. Fighting, 
battle, encounter, altercation. 

jl^t>a. Jtidwdr, s. m. a. Zedoary 
(Kcempferia ZedoarJ. 

Jy^ Jadwal,* s. /.a. 1. Lines 
drawn in a book (as ruling), 2. A 
rivulet. 3. An astronomical table, a 

^jix». Jadwali, a. a. Ruled,mark- 

ed with lines, ». s. 

y*><^ Jidhar, adv. s. Where, 
wherever, there. J.-tidhar, adv. 
"Whither, thither, here and there. 

(^^ Jadi, s. m. A. A kid, a he- 
goat ; the sign Capricorn ; the polar 

ij^ Jaddi, a. a. Ancestral, be- 
longing to ancestors. 

Aj4^a. Jadid, a. a. New, modern^ 

z 2 

j*(<i,A. Juzdm, s. m. a. The leprosy. 
J.-hhdna, s. m. A lazaretto. 

v<^^ Jazb, *. m. a. Allurement, 
attraction, drawing (as a plaster)* 
absorption. J. hond. To be absorbed. 

^J-^- Jazba, *. m. a. Passion, 
rage ; violent desire. See also Jazb. 

;<^A. Jazr, *. m. a. 1. Origin, root, 
the square root (in Arithmetic). 2. 
The ebb-tide. 

j^ Jar, s. f. s. A root. s. m. A 

j^ Jarr, s. m. a. 1. Drawing, 
dragging. 2. The base, foundation, 
foot (of a mountain). 3. The vowel 
kasra at the end of words. Harf-i- 
jarr or -jdrr, A particle which gives 
to the noun a termination in kasra. 

ly>- Jurra, s. m. p. A kind of 
hawk (male of Baz, q. v.), a male 

vi^ Jurrab, s. m. t. A sock, 

e»l^ Jurat, s.f. a. Courage, au- 
dacity, bravery, rashness, presump- 

^1^^ Jarrah, s. m. a. A surgeon. 

vi.a.1^ Jarahat, or Jirahat, s.f. a. 
A wound or sore. 

j^[^ Jarrahi, s. f. a. Surgery. 

<i}j^ Jarad, 5. m. a. A locust. 

;t^ Jarrar, a. a. Warlike, brave, 
numerous (army). 

Ijj/*- Jardnfi, v. a. a. See JaUn^. 

JJl^ Jurrah, s. m. p. See 1^ Jurrd. 

(*i^j^ Jaraim, *. plur. of *^j^ a. 

wj^ Jaras, s. tn. a. A bell. 

(•l*^*- Jirs^m, s. m. a. The pleu- 

AfijSf. Jur^, s. m. A. One draught, 
a drop. J.-kash, A drinker. 

*(;*« Jarga, *. m. p. Hunting, 
surrounding of game by bodies of 
men ; a drove of deer, &c. 

( 180 ) 


jV^ Jirnij* s. m. a. The body 
of anything inanimate ; a globe. J.- 
i-qamar. The body of the moon. 

jV*. Jurm, *. m. a. A crime, fault, 

^J^ Jarna, v. n. s. To burn. 

8;^ Jurra, s. m. p. See 1^^. 

isyi- Jari, a. a. Valiant, intrepid. 

tylj/^ Jiryan, s. m. a. Running, 
discharge, flux (of blood, urine, &c.) 
J.-i-db, Fluor albus. J.-i shikm, 
Dysentery. J.-i-mazi, Fluor albus. 
J.-i-mani, Gonorrhoea, gleet. 

Vt;^ Jan'b, *. /. h. A sort of 
wooden dart with an iron point. 
J. chaldndfTo throw the Jarib. 

Vt;^ Jarib, s.f. a. 1. A land mea- 
sure. 2. A corn measure (of 384 
Mudds or about 768lbs.) J.-kask, A 
land surveyor. J.-kashi, Mensuration 
(of land), land surveying. 

**iH?- Jarida, a. a. Alone, solita- 
ry, unattended, unincumbered. 

*iUj;a- Jarimana, s. m. a. Penal- 
ty, forfeit, fine. 

**J^ Jarima, *. m. a. 1. A crime, 

fault, sin. 2. A fine. 
J^ Jar, s.f. a. 1. A root, origin. 
2. An inanimate body, anything in- 
animate; a blockhead, dolt. Jar kat 
jdnd. To be entirely destroyed. 

liija. Jur^na, v. a. s. 1. To cause 
to join or couple ; to get mended. 
2. To tear the hair in token of grief. 

lilj^ Jarana, v. n. s. To be cold. 
V. a. To cause to stud or set with 
jewels. [jewels. 

j'j^ Jarao, s. m. s. Setting of 

j^J^ Jarau, a. s. Set or studded 
with jewels. 

^J']J^ Jarai, s. /. s. 1 . The price 
of setting jewels. 2. The act of set- 
ting jewels. Jurat, s.f. The price of 
joining, mending, &c. 

J^J*- Jar-per, s.f. s. H. Root and 
branch. J.-se ukhdrnd. To extirpate. 

oj^ Jaran, s.f. s. See Jarai, 2. 

Ijj^ Jarna, v. a. s. 1. To strike, 
shake off. 2. To join, to make ad- 
here. 3. To stud, set jewels, fix. 
Jurnd, V. n. To be joined. 

^'jL??" Jarwana, v. a. a. To cause 
to set with jewels. 

•Syja. Jarvvat, s. f. s. The trunk of 
a tree. 

lAja. Jurha, *. m. s. Twins. 

kj^ Jariya, s. m. s. \. A jewel- 
ler. 2. A striker. 

LSj^ Jan, s. f. a. The root of a 
medicinal plant. J. butt, s. f. Medi- 
cinal herbs, drugs. 
_>^ Juz, adv. p. Besides, except. 

j=i- Juz, s. m. A. A part, portion, 
ingredient ; a division of a book con- 
sisting of 8 leaves. 

[>a> Jaz^, s. f. A. Retaliation, re- 
quital, return, reward, compensation. 

ji^j^ Jazair, *. m. plur. of ijiyt-. 

Jj])*' Jazail, s. m. a. A large 
musket, wall-piece, swivel. J. anddz. 
One who fires a wall-piece. 
Jj>*- Jiz-biz, a. p. Offended, dis- 

iS'^^jj^ Juz-bandi, s. f. a. p. 
Binding of a book. 

ty'-^)^ Juz-dan, s. m. a. p. A 
cloth in which books are wrapped 
up ; a portfolio. 
J>^ Jazr, s. m. a. The ebb-tide, 
the reflux of the sea. J.-o-madd 
The ebb and flow of the tide. 

crj>^ Juz-ras, a. a. 1. Penetrat- 
ing, sagacious. 2. Frugal, economical. 

ij^iri- Juz-rasi, s. f. a. Penetra- 
tion, frugality, &c. v. s. 
j^y^ Juz-gir, s. m. A. p. An in- 
strument used for keeping a book 
open ; a portfolio. 




( 181 ) 

iifj^'^y^ Juz-i-la-yutajazza, *. a. 
An indivisible atom; anything too 
small for division. 
^ysf. Jazm, s. in. a. 1. Decision, 
determining, resolving. 2. Ampu- 
tation. 3. The orthographical cha- 
racter Jazm, which is placed over a 
letter to show that it is quiescent or 
has no vowel following it. B-il-jazm, 
With decision, in earnest. 
jjV*. Juzo, *. m. A. SeeJ^ Juz. 
OSXr^ Juz-o-kull, adv. a. Total- 
ly, entirely; great and small. 
(SJ>y^ Juzwi, a. A. A little, in 
part, few (plur. Jazwidt, or Jazidt, 
Parts, particulars). 
ijiyi- Jazira,* s. m. a. An island, 

a peninsula. 
*J>A. Jizya, *. m. a. A tribute, 
capitation-tax levied on individuals, 
{y>^ Jis, pron. rel. s. {inflect, of 
Jo), s. That, what, who, whom. J.- 
tis. Whomever, whatever, some or 
other. J.-jis, "Whichever, each of 
which. J. jagah, adv. Where, where- 
ever. J. dam, adv. When, while, 
whilst. J. tarah, adv. According to, 
as. J. taraf, adv. Wherever. J. 
qadr, adv. Whatever, whatsoever. J. 
kisi kd, Of whomever. J. kisi ko. 
To whomever. 
ojL^ Jasarat, s. f. a. Boldness ; 

presumption, temerity. 
o*^L^ Jasamat, s. f. a. Corpu- 
O.-.A. Jast, s. f. P. A leap, a jump; 
leaping, jumping. J. karnd, or mdrnd, 
To leap, jump. [Pewter. 

♦>=*«»*. Jast, or Jasta, s. m. h. 
Ia--*. Justd, s. m. A. Power, 

^^j>*^ Just-ju, 
^a-jO^-A. Just 
ing, seeking. 

ju, -\s. 

/. P. 
Search - 

»" Justa, p. p. p. Sought. 
Jasad,* s. m. a. The body. 
j^sf- Jisr, *. A. A bridge. 
^»^ Jism,* *. m. A. Body. J.-i- 

jamddt, Metallic body. J.-i-jauhari, 
Constitutional parts. J.-i-haiwdni, 
Animal body. J.-i-nabdti, Vegeta- 
ble body. 

^U-..*. Jismani, a. a. Belonging 
to body, corporeal. 

ooJU-«-.a. Jismaniyat,^*./. a. Ma- 

•■i*jf*~A. Jismiyat, J teriality 

^j-..^. Jasim, a. a. Corpulent. 

cr^ Jashn, s. m, p. A feast, 
festival (applied chiefly to the royal 
celebrations of festivals). 

Ji.^ Jashni, a. p. Voluptuous. 

&^^ Jaba, s. A. A quiver. 

«>«a^ Jad, s.f. A. A ringlet, a lock 
of hair. 

^^A**. Jafar, *. a. A river ; a proper 


isjt*^ Jafari, *. /. a. 1. A kind 
of cupola. 2. A kind of skreen (with 
lozenge- shaped interstices), lattice- 
work. 3. The purest kind of gold. 
4. A yellow flower (Linum trigynum), 
called also Gul-ashraft. 

cUi^ Jal, a. A. Counterfeit, forged; 

Ajjji^iA. Jughr^fiya, *. m. g. Geo- 

lAa. Jafa, *. /. P. Oppression, 
violence, injustice, injury. J.-pesha, 
J.-shidr, or J.-kdr, s. Oppressor, ty- 
rant. J.-kdri, s. f. Oppression, tyran- 

ci.ia. Juft, s. m. p. Evenness ; 
party ; a pair, couple, match. 

AifiA. Jufta, tt. p. 1. Bent, wrink- 
led. 2. Running together (the threads 
of a cloth). 

Ul^^iiai. Jufti khana, r. a. p. s. 
To copulate, to pair. 

( 182 ) 


yi»- Jafr, s.m. p. The art of mak- 
ing amulets or charms. 

•^j^ Jakar-band, a. h. p. Tight. 

^j>^ Jakarna, v.a.H. To tighten, 
bind, tie, pinion. -£the cud. 

^^ Jugalna, v. a. h. To chew 

j_^l^ Jugali, s. /. H. The cud. 

^^ Jugana, v. a. n. 1. To be 
careful of, to keep carefully. 2. To 
lend labour (i. e. assist another in 
expectation of like assistance being 
given in return afterwards). 

Ul^ Jagana, v. a. s. To awake, 
rouse up from sleep. 

vs*^ JugatjS./. s. A quibble, pun. 
J. bolnd. To pun. J. bdzi. Quibble, 
pun, witticism. 

li^ Jagta, o. s. Awake. 

,.5*^ Jugati, a. s. Facetious, wit- 
ty, punning, &c. 

l^sr^ Jag-jaga, s. m. h. Brass 
tinsel ; very thin plates of brass used 
in decoration. 

•i-jkl^^ Jag-jagahat, s. f. h. 
Splendour, glitter. 

li^^^ Jig-jigiya, a. h. Fawning. 

J-^ Jig-jigi, s.f. H. Fawning. 
J. karnd. To fawn. 

j^ Jigar, s. m. p. The liver, 
vitals, heart, mind, courage. J. -jigar 
digar-digar, Mine is mine and yours 
is yours (every one knows where his 
own shoe pinches). 

Jti\jtsk, Jigar-afgar, a. p. Trou- 
bled in the mind ; heart broken. 

«>^^^ Jigar-band, s. m. p. A son. 

&^j^ Jigar-tafta, a. p. Heart- 
burnt, in love, in a fever. 

*^V-^ Jigar-chak, a. p. Heart- 

^jfla-^ta. Jigar-chaki, s. f. p. Bro- 
kenness of heart. 

c^lrV^ Jigar-kharash, a, p. 

jy^j^ Jigar' doz, a. p. Hearts^ 


&y^j^jL^ Jigar-sokhta, a. p. 
Heart-inflamed, in love. 

j^jts^ Jigar-soz, a. v. Heart- 
burning or inflaming, tormenting. 

j^j^ Jigar-figar, a. v. Heart- 

cfj'O^ Jigar- kavi, s.f. p. Anx- 
iety, trouble of mind. 

iSj^ Jigari, a. p. Belonging to 
the liver or heart; liver-coloured. 
Aqiq-i-jigan, Carnelion. Jigari ddgh, 
s. m. Indelible stain or mark ; natu- 
ral spot; inconsolable grief. 

l^*^ Jagmaga, a. h. Glittering. 

U^*.^ Jagmagana, v. n. h. To 
glitter, shine. 

CAjk^a. Jagmagahat, s. f. a. 
Glitter, splendour. 

ti^ Jagna, v. n. s. To awake, to 
be awake. 

j^^ Jugnu, s. m.~\ 1. The fire-fly 

^5>^ Jugni, s.f. J (Lampyris). 
2. An ornament or jewel. 

*t^ Jagah, s.f.H. Place, station, 
quarter ; room, stead ; vacancy. J. 
ckhornd. To leave a blank. 

cU- Jull, s. f. A. A housing or 
covering for an animal. 

J^ Jul^ s. m. s. Deceit, cheat- 
ing. J.-bdz, A cheat. 

f^ Jal, s. ni. s. Water. J. pan. 
Luncheon. J.-jal, a. Full of water, 
wet. J.-thul, s. m. Ground half co- 
vered with water, marshy ground. 
J. -char, a. Moving in the water, aqua- 

ol^ Jalla, V. 3d. p. sing. past. a. 
Is eminent in glory or majesty. J.- 
jaldlu-hu, or J.-shdnu-hu, Eminent is 
his (God's) glory or majesty, 

^ Jila, s.f. A. S^dendour, lustre, 
brightness, scouring, polishing. J.- 
kdr, A polisher. 


( 183 ) 


ils". Jala, s. m. s. A lake. 

._>JLa. Jullab, s. m. a. A purge. 

oJla. Jallad, J?, m. a. An execu- 
tioner, a. Cruel, hard-hearted. J.- 
i-falak. The planet Mars. 

e>.iJU, Jaladat, s. /. a. Activity, 
agility, strength. 

t5^il^ Jalladi, s. f. A. The office 
of an executioner ; cruelty, villainy. 

J^ Jalal, 5. m. "|a. Dignity, 

oJ3li. Jalalat, s.f.J state, ma- 
jesty, grandeur, splendour, power. 

^jSHa Jalali, a. a. Divine. 

djJiU. Jalaliya, s. m. a. 1. A 
person who worships the more terri- 
ble attributes of the Deity. 2. A 
follower of Said Jalal Bokhari. 3. 
A kind of pigeon. 

UlU. Jalana, v. a. s. To burn, 
kindle, inflame, light, make jealous. 

lj)U Jilana, v. a. s. To give life 
to, vivify ; to foster, to patronise. 

^^JsjiU. Jila-watan, s. m. a. Emi- 
gration, leaving one's country. J. 
karnd, To abandon one's country, to 

ly^iU. Jalawan, s. f. s. Firewood. 

x^ Julah, ~\s.m.v. LA Mu- 

Ia^ Julahd,J Salman weaver. 
2. A fool, a blockhead. J.-ddfhi, 
s. f. A short round beard, such as 
Juldhs generally wear. 

j_jjt^ Jalpai, s. f. u. 1. The 
Eleocarpus serratus. 2. An olive. 

v-^iLs' Jal-tarang, s. m. s. The 
musical glasses or harmonicon ; play- 
ing on glasses or China bowls by 
rubbing the edges; a brass vessel 
filled with water and beaten on the 
edges with two sticks. 

is^j^^ Jal-taranji, s. f. s. A 
musical instrument, v. s. 

•>^-^ Jald, a. p. Expeditious, quick, 
fast, brisk, hasty, fierce ; quickly. J.- 

bdz, a. Expeditious, fleet, &c. J.- 
hdzi, s. f. Haste, fleetness, &c. J.- 
qadam, a. Fleet. J.-mizdj, a. Pas- 
<>^ Jild, s. f. A. The skin, leather; 
the binding of a book ; a volume, a 
book. J. harnd, To bind a book. 
J.-gar, s. m. A book-binder. 

i^<^ Jaldi, s. f. P. Quickness. 

adv. Quickly. 
iji^ Jils, 3. m. A. A companion, 

comrade, guest. 
Ula. Julasa, s. plur. of cHiW-. 
jP.j;kA.LJU. Jalsa-khatibi, 5. /. The 

sitting down of the Khatib between 

the reading of the first and second 


o^^Xa.. Jalsut, s. f. s. A guinea- 
worm (Filaria medinensis). 

«.J..a. Jalsa, s. rn. a. Posture, si- 
tuation, seat, post, state ; meeting, 

<-ftJ-^ Jalaf, or Jilf,* s. m. a. A 
miser, a. Mean, base, despicable. 

eA^ Jalan, s. m. f. s. Burning, 
heat; passion, vexation. 

l^^- Jalna, v. n. s. To burn, to 
be kindled ; to get into a passion, 
to be enraged. Jal-uthnd, To break 
out (as fire). Jal-biijhnd, To brand, 
to burn to ashes. Jal-pakud, To be 
in a passion, to rage, Jaleparnon 
lugdnd, (To throw salt on a burn,) 
To triumph over, to insult. 

j<>-^ Jalandar, or Jalandhar, s. in, 
s. The dropsy. 

j^ Jilau, s. f. A. A rein (of a 
horse's bridle), retinue, equipage, 
court. J.-ddr, An attendant. J. 
khdna, An area, vestibule, porch, 

]j^ Jilwa, s. m. a. The meeting 
of the bride and bridegroom in pre- 
sence of the relations. Jilwe-kd-git, 
Epithalmium. Jalwd, see Jalura. 


( 184 ) 

Ul^Ia. Jalwana, v. a. s. To cause 

to burn. 
e>^l^ Jilwat, *. /. A. See 8^. 
wj^ Julus, s. m. A. Sitting ; 

accession (to the throne); state, 


t5**^^ Julusi, a. A. Of th«i reign, 
relating to accession (to the throne). 
J.-tontd, s. m. A light cartridge. 

(Sy^- Jalauka, s. f. s. A leech. 

»^ Jalwa, or Jilwa, s. m. a. 1. 
Splendour, lustre. 2. The bridal bed 
or ornaments. J.-gdh, s. f. Nuptial 
throne, place of display. J. -gar, a. 
Splendid, conspicuous. J.-gari, s.f. 
1. Blandishments, affectation. 2. 
Conspicuity, splendour. 

VjjIa. Jalwaiya, s. m. s. A burner. 

*^. Julah, s. m. p. See Julah. 

f^^ Jali, a. A. Plain, apparent ; 
large, plain (hand writing). Fasl-i- 
jali, A season before the rains in 
which a crop of rice is cut. 

Ij^ Jaliya, s. m. s. A fisherman. 

V-i^ Jaleb, s. m, A. Attendants, 
equipage, suit. J.-tis, s. m. The 
goglet in which water is cooled with 

^^••^ Jalebi, *. /. H. A kind of 

t,5H^ Jalebi, s. f. A. Belonging 

to the retinue. [panion. 

o*i^^ Jalis,* s. m. f. A. A com- 
tM-^ Jalil, a. A. Great, glorious, 

illustrious. J.-ul-qadr, a. August, 


^jj^- Jaleo, s. f. A. See v^» 
^ Jam, n. pr. p. An ancient 

king of Persia. (See Jamshid.) 
I*^^ Jam, s. m. s. The Hindu 

Pluto, and judge of the dead. 
(♦^ Jamm, *. a. A multitude. J.- 

i-ghafir, A great and promiscuous 


.il.*^ Jamad,* s. m. a. A stone 
or mineral. 

cF-sU.^ Jamadi, s. a. The name 
of two Arabic months; the former, 
called Jamddi-y-ul-auwal, or -aula, is 
the fifth Arabian month ; and the 
latter called Jamddi-y-ul-dkhir, or 
-dkhira, is the sixth. 

^U^ Jimd, s. f. A. Coition, copu- 

«i^«U-^ Jamaat s. f. a. A crowd, 
assembly, meeting, society, congrega- 
tion, troop. 

JU-^ Jamal, s. m. a. Beauty, 

(j^l*^ Jamal-gota, s. m. h. A 
purgative nut (Jatropha curcas). 

t5^U^ Jamali, s. m. a. A kind of 
(red-fleshed) musk-melon. 

IJU-^ Jamana, v. a. s. To collect ; 
to sum up ; to coagulate ; to freeze or 
make ice. Jimdnd, v. a. s. To feed, 

j'i*^ Jamao, s. m. s. A crowd, 
multitude, a collection, accumulation. 

'S'j'-*^ Jamawat, s. f, s. Coagula- 
tion, agglutination. [law. 

fJiU^ Jamai, s. m. s. A son-in- 

•x^ Jamd, s. m. a. Congelation, 

«H^*.*^ Jamshid, n. pr. p. An an- 
cient Persian monarch. 

j^ Jama, s. f. A. A congrega- 
tion, assembly ; collection, accumula- 
tion, conjunction ; amount, sura total, 
whole ; plural number. J. wdsil bdqi, 
An account stating payments peri- 
odically due, with the amount receiv- 
ed and the arrears. 

(_5-<xu*4.:i. Jama-bandi, s. f. a. p. 
Accounts of the revenues, settlement 
of the revenues. 
jl«xx.«^ Jama-dar, s. m. a. p. A 
native subaltern officer ; the head of 
any body as of guides, harkaras, &c. 

(^ ( 185 

Jania-dai-i, s./. Business 


or office of a Jama-dar. 

^X*4^ Juniagi, s.f. a. The week- 
ly allowance to school-boys paid on 
Friday; also the present given by 
school-boys on Friday to their master. 

^jA.j^4^ Jama-o-kharchj s. m. a. 
Account of receipt and disbursement, 
account current. J. karnd, To make, 
up or balance an account. 

***A. Juma, s. m. a. Friday (on 
which day Musalmans assemble to 
pray at the great mosque). 

olj &».*^ Juma- rat, s. f. a. s. 

o > . « ♦■ •> Janiiyat, s. f. A. 1. Col- 
lection. 2. "Wealth. 3. Recollection, 
reflection. 4. Peace of mind. 

lU^ Jamal, or Jaral, s. m. a. A 

cX»^ Jumal, s. plur. of ^U*- a. 
The whole, the sum. Hisdb-i-jumal, 
The reckoning by Abjad. 

^*^ Jumlagi, s. f. a. p. Uni- 
versality, totality. 

«JU^ Jumla,* s, m. A. 1. The 
whole, the sum, aggregate, total. 2. 
A sentence. 

\1^ Jamuna, «. pr. f. s. The ri- 
ver Jamnd. 

tx^ Jamna, v. n. s. To germi- 
nate, to grow. 

l^-e- Jamna, v. n. s. To be coagu- 
lated or frozen ; to adhere, to stick ; 
to be collected ; to place in the 

l)(^«A. Jamh^na, v. n. s. To gape, 
to yawn. 

^J^f*^ Jamhai, s. f. s. Gaping, 
yawning. J. lend, v. s. 

j^f*^ Jumhur, a. A. Universal, 
all. 5. m. 1. High heaps of sand. 2. 
A republic, a whole people, tlie popu- 

2 A 

cul^i^ Jumerat, a. s. (for Jumg,- 
rat) Thursday. 

^^t*^ Jami, a. a. All, universal. 

o*A*^ Jamiat, s, f. a. A congre- 
gation, a multitude. 

Jj|*^ Jamil, a. a. Beautiful, ele- 

^:}^ Jin, rel. pr. plur. inflect, h. 
Whom, what. 

t^^ Jinn,t s. m. a. A genius, 
spirit, demon ; one of the Genii. 

lift- Janna, v. n. s. See ^-^i^ Jand. 
p. p. Born. 

ujUa, Janab, s. /.a. 1. Side, 
brink, margin. 2. Majesty, highness, 
excellency. J.i-dli, Your majesty; 
your or his excellency. 3. Vestibule, 

'^li-^ Janabat, s. f. a. Pollution. 

oUa. Jinnat, s. plur. of t:^ a. 

^IJ-^ Jinah, or Janab, s. f. a. A 

jjjUa. Jinaza, or Janaza, s. m. a. 
A bier. J.-rawdn, A horse. J.-kash, 
Drawer of a bier. 

o^ Jinan, s. plur. o/cuiA. a. 
Gardens, paradise. 

Jj^^ Janana, v. a. s. I. To deliver, 
to bring to bed. 2. To inform, tell, 
remind, warn ; to point out, to shew. 

j^ Janao, s. m. s. A signal. 

^y IJ^ Janai, s.f. s. A mic^ife. 
Jamb, s. A. A side, part ; a 
tract of country. 

Junub, a. a. Defiled, pol- 

Lvi*. Janib^, *. m. a. Support, se- 
conding, countenancing, assistance, 

er•^^^ Jumbish, s. f. v. Motion, 
moving, agitation, vibration, gesture. 

iSj^M^ Jambhiri, s. f. s. A fruit 
of the lime kind. 


( 186 ) 



Jambi, a. a. Lateral. 
Jannatj* s. f. a. Paradise. 

lii^- Janta^ s. m. s. An instru- 
ment for drawing wire. 

jULisi. Jantar, s. m. s. An amulet. 

Gliia. Jan tana, v. n, s. To be 
squeezed or pressed. 

j^^ Jantr, *. m. s. An instru- 
ment, engine, musical instrument, 
dial, observatory, juggling ; an amu- 

isy^ Jantri, s. m. s. 1 . See Janta. 

2. A conjurer, a juggler. 

^J^ Jannati, a. a. Of paradise, 

Jls:^ Janjal, s. VL. A swivel. 

\ji^'i^ Jandra, s. m. h. A pitch- 

<^-a- Jins,* s. f. A. I. Genus, 
kind, species, sort. 2. Family, race. 

3. Goods, merchandize, moveables. 
J.-i-bashar, Mankind. Jins-wdri, adv. 

V2"6«*^ Jinsiyat, 5. /. a. Kindred, 
nature, similarity of kind, homoge- 

VjUaLa. Jantiydna, s, m. a. The 
herb Gentian. 

i^i^ Jang, s. f. p. Battle, war, 
combat, fight. . J.-dzmuda, A vete- 
ran, warlike, brave. J.-dwar, A 
champion, hero. J.-uwari, s.f. Bat- 
tle. J--JO, Contentious, litigious. 
J.-o-jadal, s. m. Battle, conflict, brawl, 
squabble, altercation. 

Jl^vx Jangal, s. m, p. Verdigris 
(cor. of Zangdr). 

j^jLi/pl^iA. Jang-a-mushti, s. f. p. 

jj^ Jangah, s, f. p. The field 
of battle. 

0^^ Jangal, "1 *. m. s. A forest, 

Ali^ Jangala, J wood. J.-buri) 
s.f. Act of clearing woodlands. J. 

phirnd, and J. jdnd, To ease one'| 

self. See. Jhara phirna. 
&^i^ Jangla, a. m. "^ s. Wild, 
^llLaw Jangli, a.f. ^m.j savage, 

barbarian, clownish, boorish. Jangli 

piydz. Squills. J. singhdrd, s. m. 

Hermodactyl. J. kauwi, A raven. 

/•XL*. Jangam, s. m. h. A faqir 

with matted hair who rings a bell. 
[^^ Jangha, s. f. s. The thigh. 

fj^^ Jangi, s. m. v. A combat- 
ant, warrior. «. Warlike, relating 
to war. 

(jljk).A.^xa. Jangez-khan, n. pr. v. 
The famous Mughal conqueror, born 
A. D. 1154. 

I»i^ Janam, s. m. s. Birth, life. 
J.-din, Birth- day. 

liUi^ Janniana, v. a. s. To beget ; 

to make vegetate. 
\uss^ Janamna, v. n. s. To be 

IxLi. Janna, v. n. s. To pi'oduce 

young ; to be delivered of a child, 
vy^ Janub, s. m. a. The south, 
isiy^ Janubi, a, a. Southern. 

cL>^^ Jumin, s. m. a. Madness, 
phrenzy; a demoniac. 

^y^i-^ Juniim, a. a. Mad, insane ; 

jl^-Li. Junhar, s. m. h. A kind of 
grain, (comprising many species, of 
which Indian corn is one.) 

f^^ Jani, s. f. s. Daughter-in- 

j^ji*. Jinni, s, m. f, a. An aerial 
spirit, one of the Genii. 

t:^jii*. Jauin,* s. a. Foetus, em- 

f^^ Janeu, s. in. h. 1. The brah- 
manical thread. 2. A flaw in a jewel. 

l>i^ Janewa, 5. /. h. Dub grass 
(Agrostis linearis). 

( 187 ) 


^a. Jo, or Jii, s. f. p. A river, 
brook. See Joe. Part. act. (In comp.) 
Seeking, seeker. 

^•=^ Jau, s. m. p. s. 1. Barley. 2. 
The mark between the joints of a fin- 
ger. Jau jau hisdb lend. To take a 
strict account. 

y^ Jau, conj. h. If, that. adv. 
When, what time. J.-lag, J.-lann, 
As long as, until. 

j^ Jo, pr. rel. s. Who, what, 
which, conj. If, that, so that, that 
which, because. Jo- jo. Whoever, 
whatever. Jo-chiz, What thing, what- 
ever. Jo-huchh, Whatever. Jo-koi, 
Whoever. Jo-ki, See the word. 

\y^ Jawa, s. m. a. 1. A clove of 
garlic. 2. A kind of stitch in needle- 
work. Jawe-ddr, Sewed in a parti- 
cular manner. 

[ja. Jawa, s. m. 8, 1 . Mark in the 
joints of fingers. 2. A flower, China 
rose (Hibiscus rosa Sinensis). 

\y>. Jua, s. m. s. 1. A yoke. 2. 
A die, dice, game, gambling. J. 
khehid, To gamble. Jue-khdna, A 
gambling house. 

i_>l^ Jawab, *. m, a. An answer ; 

anything answering to another. J.- 
i-bu-sawdb, s. m. A proper answer. 
J.-bdld, A benediction (i. e. May your 
advice prevail). J. dend, 1, To be 
accountable for, to be amenable or 
responsible. 2. To reply. 3. To 
discharge or dismiss from office. 
J. milud. To be discharged or dis- 

i>^\y^ Jawab-dih, a. a. p. Amen- 
able, accountable. 

Jl^«.j|^a. Jawab-savval, s. m. a. 
Altercation, conversation. 

ij^y^}y^ Jawab-sawali, s. m. a. 
Reply, rejoinder. 

jjaUwI^a. Javv^b-i-qati, s. m. a. 
A definitive answer. 

2 A 2 

&«Uj|^a. Jawab-nama, s. m, a. A 
writing fixed to the winding sheet on 
the breast of the deceased for the 
perusal of Monkir and Nakir (q. v.) 
in case his soul should be too flurried 
to reply properly. 

j_^'^a. Jawabi, s. m. A. 1. A re- 
spondent. 2. A kind of bill of ex- 
change which is not paid until notice 
has been received of its having been 
cashed. 3. The chorus (especially 
in repeating a Marsiya or elegy). ./.- 
sawdli, s. m. A mediator, ambassador, 
agent, attorney. 

**^L>"=?' Juath, s. m. s. A yoke. 

>i'_y^ Jau wad, a. super, of o^^^ a. 
Liberal, beneficent. 

j'^^ Jiwar, or Jawar, s. m. a. 

Neighbourhood, vicinity. 

jl^^ Joar, s. f. H. Maize or Indian 
corn (Holcus sorgum). Jawdr, Flood- 

l)'-?^ Juwara, s. m. h. Large 

cn)'-?^ Juwaras, s. m. p. corr. of 
Jawiirish. cj. v. 

cAi'j^ Jawarish, s. f. p. A sto- 
machic medicine. 

iS^^ Juari, s. m. s. A gambler. 

j\jA. Jawaz, s. m. a. Permission, 
lawfulness, propriety. 

Ul^j^ Jawiisa, s. m. s. A prickly 
bush of which tattis are made(Hedy- 
sarum alhagi). 

j^\j^ JawaUhar, s. m. s. A medi- 
cine, impure saltpetre. 

J\jA. Juwal, s. p. A sack. 

iH>^ Jwala, s. f. s. A flame. /.- 
mukh, s.f. A volcano. 

ifl^A. Jawalii, s. m. s. Grain mixed 
with barley as food for cattle. 

tj^y^ Jawali, s. f. s. Mixed 
wheat. V. s. 


( 188 ) 

^yt^ Jawan, a. p. s. Young. *. m. 
A lad, youth, man, adult. J.-bakht, 
a. Of blooming prospects. J.-i.-sdWi, 
A fine youth. 

UljA. Jiwana, v. a, s. To CAUse to 

tJyo\!i\y^ Jawana-marg, 5. /. p. 
Death in the bloom of youth. J. mar- 
nd. To die prematurely. 

i^\yf' Jawan-pan, or -pana, s. m. 
p. s. Youth. 

UJf^A. Jawan sa, s. m. s. See'-'l^^. 

^j^^yi- Jawan-mard, a. p. Brave, 
generous, manly. 5. m. A fine young 
fellow, a brave fellow, a hero. 

^£i,J*i\y^ Jawan-mardi, s. f. p. 
Manliness, bravery, magnanimity. 

^yiy^ Jawani, s. f. p. Youth. 

Jifcl^a. Jawahir, *. m. pi. ofj^j^. 

A. 1. A jewel, a gem. 2. Essences, 

substances. J.-hhdna, s. Jewel-office. 

J.-nigir, a. Ornamented with jewels. 

^_^^l^ Jaw^hiri, s.m.A.A. jewel- 

^y I^A. Jawai, *. m. s. A son-in-law. 

iSitjA. Jot, s. f. s. Cultivation, cul- 
tivated land. 

}jy^ Juta, 5. m. H. A shoe. 

jG^a. Jotar, s. m. s. A ploughman, 

isjyjst Jawatri, s. f. s. Mace. 

U5^ Jotna, v. a. s. I. To yoke. 
2. To plough, to till. 

J}y^ Juti, s. f. H. A shoe, slipper. 
J.-khor, a. Beaten with slippers, mean, 
abject. J.-paizdr, s.f. Scuffle. J.-kdrt, 
s.f. Act of beating with slippers. 

tjy^ Joti, s. f. H. The string 
which suspends the scale of a balance. 

•2j^*- Jot, *. m. H. A fellow, peer, 
one of a pair, a match. J. bdndknd. 
To pair. 

cj*-.^ Jojan, 8. m. s. A measure 
of four kos. 

U4a.^A. Jujhna, v. n. s. To fight ; 
to he killed in battle. Julh-mamd, To 
die fighting. 

iysf. Jiid, *. m. A. Liberality, mu- 

o:>^ Jaudat, s. f. a. Ingenuity, 
intelligence, quickness of apprehen- 
sion, benignity. 

j^ Jaur, *. m. a. Violence, op- 

jjy^ Joru, s.f. H. A wife. 

j^a. Jor, s. m. s. Junction, join- 
ing, joints ; a patch, seam ; society. 
J.-dend, To cast up, add the sum. J.- 
tor, s. m. Contrivance, arrangement, 
joining. J.-jdr, Savings, scraping. 

Ij^ Jora, s. m. s. 1. A joining, 
pair, couple, suit (of clothes). 2. Al- 

^jj^ Jorna, v. a. s. 1 . To join, 
mend, patch. 2. To add together, to 
reckon, add up. 3. To save and scrape 
a fortune. 4. To fabricate, invent, con- 
trive. 5. To cement, solder, unite, tie. 

iSJj^ Jori, s. f. s. A pair, couple. 

(SJ^ Jun *. /. s. An ague. 

jy^JauZfS. 7?i.A.A nut; a nutmeg. 

13^^ Jauza, s. m. A. 1. The sign 
Gemini. 2. Orion. 

(^^a. Jus, s. m. s. Broth. 

(J^y^ Josh, s. m. p. Ebullition, 
effervescence; heat, passion, lust. 
p. a. (In comp.) Boiling, efferves- 
cing. J. khdnd, and J. mdmd, To boil 
or bubble up. 

^;lA^ Joshan, p. a. p. Boiling, 
bubbling up. 

jj<iJLi>^ Joshanda, s. m. v. A de- 

ij>)js:^j=>. Josh-kharosh, s. m. p. 
Anger, passion, rage. 

^i)^^J,JA, Josh-i-khun, *. m. p. 
Ebullition of the blood (name of a 


( 189 ) 

c^j-A^a^ Josh-zan, or -zanan, a. p. 

Boiling up, agitated. 

JiJ>j:^ Joshish, s.f. p. Heat, ebul- 
lition ; violent desire. See Josh. 

f^j^ Jaushan, s. m. a. A cuirass, 
armour, coat of mail. 

^^:^ Ju, S.f. A. Hunger, appetite. 
J.-ul-baqar, and J.-ul-kalb, a. Voraci- 
ous, gluttonous. 

«J,A. Jauf, s. m. A. The interior 
cavity (of any thing). 

cyi- Jauq, s. m. a. A troop or 
body of men. J. jauq. In troops. 

^Sy^ Jok, S.f. s. A leech. 

<f^j^ Jau-kob, a. v. Half-pound- 
ed, coarsely ground. 

«f^^ Jo-ki, conj. s. p. Though, 
although, whichever. See Jo. 

^^yi- Jokhim, *./. H. Risk, ven- 
ture. J. vthdna, To venture. 

ty^O-^ Jokhimi, s.m.u.h. risker. 

(f^ Joga, a. s. Opportune, fit, 
apposite ; able, capable. 

vi^^^^i. Jugat, s.f. s. See c>^, 

lil^ Jogta, s.f. s. Suitableness, 
fitness, capability, ability. 

^j^ Jugati, a. s. See o^.^ ^J^. 

^jA. Jogin, s. f. s. A female 

^Jy^ Jogi, s. m. 8. 1. A Hindu 

" faqir, a devotee. 2. A cast of Hindus 
(commonly weavers), who do not 
burn but bury their dead. 

Jj^ Jul, ^ s.m. H. Guile, fraud, 

il^a. Jola, J deceit. 

iyi[>-^ Jaulan, *. m. p. Moving 
about (in the place of exercise), cours- 
ing, springing, wandering. 

jsl&il^ Jaulan-gah, s. f. p. Place 
of exercise (especially of an army or 
of horses). 

LSj^h^ Jaulan-gari, s.f. p. Gal- 
loping fast, fleetness. 

j^J/j^ Jaulani, *./. p. 1. Fleetness. 
2. Quickness of apprehension, 
strength of mind or body. 

^^j^ Joliih, "1 s. m. v. A weaver. 

aAilj;^. Julaha,J See Ji^U Julah. 

oj^ Son, or Jaun, adv. ii. As, 
when. J.-ton, In some way. J.-ton-kar, 
or -ke,adp. Some how or other, in some 
way or other, in any way, by some 
means. J. kd-ton, In the same way 
as it was, as it was. 

cJL>^ Jun, s.f.H.A louse. J.-muri' 
hd, a. Smooth-faced, hypocritical. 

ty>^ Javan, s. m. s. A Greek or 

Ij^^ Juna, s. m. a. A rope of grass ; 
a ring of twisted grass used as a stand 
for a round-bottomed vessel. 

iSJ'^j'^ Jaundri, ->j s.f. h. A grain 

4_5Sj^^ Jaundi, L (/oar, Holcus 

isyy^ Junri, J sorgum). 

«^j>^ Jonk, s.f. s. A leech. 

uiH>^ Jon-hin, adv. n. As soon 
as, exactly when. 

Xj^ Jiih, s. m. s. A yoke. 

^*>^ Jauhar,* s. m. f. a. 1. A 
gem, jewel, pearl. 2. Matter, sub- 
stance, essence (distinguished from 
accident). 3. Skill, knowledge. 4. Vir- 
tue, worth, merit. 5. Blackish marks 
in the steel of a well tempered scimi- 
tar, a. Bright, glittering. J. kamd, 
To kill one's self, to commit suicide ; 
immolating women and children to 
prevent their falling into the power of 
the enemy. 

ot^jA. Jauharat, *. pi. of j^y^ a. 

jloykj^ Jauhar-dar, a. a. p. A 
scimitar marked with spots, v. s. 

^yj^y^ Jauhar-i-fard, s. rn. a. 1. 
An indivisible atom. 2. A person 
unrivalled or unequalled. 

iSj^y^ Jauhari, *. m, a. A jewel- 
ler, a. Relating to a jewel; essential. 


( 190 ) 


ij^j'^ Juhi, s. f. s. Jasmine (Jas- 
minum auriculatum) ; a kind of fire 
works resembling Jasmine. 

*^y^ Joe, s.f. p. A rivulet,brook. 
J.-hdr, A large river formed by seve- 
ral smaller streams. 

kj^ Joya, '\p. a. v. One who 

^^yi- Joinda, J searches for ; 
an inquirer, seeker. Joinda-ydbinda. 
Who searches shall find. 

V?^ Jhaba, s. m. h. A leathern 
pot for measuring oil, ghee, &c. 

Ij^^ Jhapa, s. m. ii. A narrow- 
mouthed basket. 

l«^l«^ Jhajha, s.m. h. An intoxi- 
cating mixture made with Bhang. 

i^t^ Jihad, s. m. a. War (espe- 
cially against infidels.) 

LSJ^ Jhari, s. f. s. A pitcher with 
a long neck and spout ; an ewer. 

jl«^ Jhar, s. m. H. 1. Bushes, 
brambles, underwood. 2. A kind of 
firework. 3. A kind of lustre or chan* 
delier, the same as Panj-shdkha, q. v. 
4. A purge. 5. Continued rain. See 
Jhari. J. bdndhnd. To rain without 
ceasing. J.-pahdr, Digression. J.- 
phunk, s. f. Juggling, conjuring 
(particularly to cure a disease or 
snake-bite). J.-jhatak,s.f. Sweeping. 
J. jhankhdr, s. m. Brambles, large 
dry bushes. J.-jhur, s. f. 1. Sweep- 
ings, perquisites. 2. 'Jhicket. J.-khand, 
a. Bushy, s. The forest of Baijndth. 

'jU^ J hard, s. m. h. A stool, a 
purge. J. jhaptejdnd, J. phirnd, J. 
jhatkd phirnd, To go to the necessary. 
J.-jhaptd lend. To search. Dukdn-jhdrd 
Sweepings of a druggist's shop, 
compound medicine. 

cijjt*^ Jharan, *. /. h. 1. Sweep- 
ings. 2. A coarse cloth for wiping 
furniture, a duster. 

^jk^ Jharna, v. a. h. To sweep, 
shift, clean, knock ofF, dash, strike. 

strike fire. J. phunknd, To exorcise, ( 
repeat spells or charms. Jhdr-ddlniA 
To sweep out or away. Jkdr-dena, v,\ 
a. To brush, clear away. 

jjU^ Jharu, s. m. ii. A broom- j 
J.-kash, and J.-barddr, s. m. A sweep-] 
er ; the cast of Haldl-khor. 

LSjh=t Jhari, s.f. e. See Jhar 1. 

jl^ Jahaz, s. m. a. 1. A ship. 
2. The tree of a camel's saddle. 3. A 
portion in the disposal of a wife. 4. 
Funeral apparatus. 5. Vulva. J.-par, 
adv. Aboard ship. J.-shikani, s. f. 

(_5^l^ Jahazi, a. 1. s. m. A sailor. 
2. s.f. A kind of scimitar. 

*-^'-«^ Jhag, 5. m. H. Froth, scum. 

Jt^^ Juhhal, s. pi. of Jahil a. 
Fools, ignorant people. 

•^■^ ^-=^ Jahalat, s. f. a. Ignorance, 

barbarism, brutality. 
^•'^^ Jhalar, s.f. h. Fringe. 

l^Lf^ Jhalna, v. a. h. 1. To sea- 
son (pickles). 2. To polish, clean 

^W^ Jhama, s. m. s. Pumice 
stone, bricks burnt to cinder. 

tyl^ Jahan, s. m. p. The world. 
J.-jahdn, a. Much, many. 

<:)^^ Jahan, adv. s. Where, in 
which place, which place. J.-tahdn, 
Here and there, everywhere. J.-hd- 
tahdn, Everywhere, in the same place 
as before. J.-jahun, and J.-kahm, adv. 
Wherever, J.-tak, adv. As far as. 
J.-se, Whence, from which place ? J.- 
tahdn phirnd, To wander about, to 

(ijl^jl^ Jahan-ban, s. p. World- 
protector, sovereign. 

yjl4^ Jhamp, s. m. h. A matted 

IJ^We- Jhampna, v. a. h. To cover, 



( 191 ) 


fcjjliii^A. Jahan-tab, a. i*. Heating 
the world. 

A^s^l^^ Jhaiijh, s. /. s. Cymbals. 

l^s^a. Jhanjha, s. m. h. Cater- 
pillar, cabbage-worm. 

jij>jl^ Jahan-dar, s. m. p. Ruler of 
the world, king. 

if^jol^ Jahan-dida, a. p. One who 
has seen the world, experienced. 

jy^^ Jahan-soz, a. p. World in- 

liljl^a. Jhank, s. f. h. A peep. 5. 
m. A herd of deer, flock of birds, &c. 

^^^^i\^:^ Jhank a-jhonki, s. f. 
H. Peeping. 

lA>ol4Ai. Jhankna, v. a, h. To peep, 
to spy. 

Cij^\^ Jahan-gard, s. m. p. A 

_;Jl&1^ Jahan-gir, a. p. World- 
taking, world-subduing. 

f^jifji^ Jahan-giri, a. p. Prince- 
ly, s.f. A kind of ornament. 

o^ji^^A- Jhanwan, s. m. s. See 

j^^jjl^ai. Jhanwli, s. f. ii. A wink, 
coquetry. J. bdz, A coquette. J. 
lend, To wink, ogle. 

^il^ Jahani, a. p. Worldly ; 

a person of this world. 
lyUJl^ Jahaniyan, s. plur. P. {v. 
s.) People, creatures. 

^l^a. Jhau, 8. m. s. A tree (Taraa- 

rix Indica). 
U^^ Jhabba, s. m. H. A tassel. 
^«a. Jhabbi, s. f. H. Trappings. 

Uxj.a. Jhabiya, s, m. h. Name of 
an ornament. 

Y«^ Jhap, a. H. A trice, quick. 
adv. Quickly. J.-se, adv. Quickly. 
J. khdnd, V. n. To overset (a paper- 
kite in flying). 

o^A«a. Jhapat, s. f. h. Quickness. 

o^«j^ Jhapat, s. /.In. Assault, 

IJU4^ Jhapatta, s. m.J sudden 

attack; spring of a tiger; snatch. 

J. lend, and mdrnd, To snatch. 

UL^a^ Jhapatna, v. n. ii. To spring 

or pounce upon, to attack suddenly, 

to snatch. 

tSL*^ Jhapak, s. /. h. Fanning, 

winking, &c. See Jhapakna. 
liKA4A. Jhapkana, v. n. h. To 

twinkle, to wink. 
UiU^A. Jhapakna, v. a. n. To fan. 
V. n. To spring upon ; to snatch ; to 
j^^^«^ Jhapki, s. f. H. See Jha- 

•i».jA. Jihat, s. /.A. 1. Account, 
cause, reason. 2. Side, surface, form, 
manner, mode. 
ti^**^ Jhat, adv. s. Quick. See 

Jhap. J. pat, adv. Quickly, hastily. 
;_;«U4ai. Jhatas, s. ii. Flap, clap ; 

rain blown with a strong wind. 
UJil^a. Jhutalna, v. a. u. 1. To. 
prove to be false. 2. To pollute vic- 
tuals by touching them. Munh 
jhutdlnd. To eat something. Munhd 
munh jhutdlnd, To give a man the 
lie to his face. 
liAlg^ Jhatak, s. f. Jhatka, s. m. 

H . A twitch, stitch, pull, shake. 
IjKifa. Jhatkana, v. a. n. To 

shake, pull, 
lixlja. Jhatakna, v. n. i\. To shake, 
to become lean. v. a. To touse, twitch, 
Gilxjai. Jhutlana, v. a. s. To belie, 

to falsify. 
^x9r^ Jhijhak, s.f. ii. Start. 
IJ^<«««^ Jhijhkana, v. a. h. To 

cause to start. 
Ui^s:*^ Jhijhakna, v. n. h. To 
start or boggle ; to feel the sensation 
of the limbs being asleep or pricking. 

( 192 ) 


«^f^ Jahd, *. m. a. Struggle, ef- 
fort, exertion, diligence, assiduity. 

j^ Jahr, s. m. A. 1. Speaking 
loud to be heard by the company. 2. 
A female oblation. 

U^,j^4a. Jhar-barna, v. n. h. To 
burn, to be all in flames. 

'^LrS'h/*^ Jhirjhirana, v. n. s. To 
trickle, to rill. 

^ji^ Jharna, s. m. s» 1. A skim- 
mer. 2 A spring, a cascade, v. n. 
To spring, to flow. See Jharna. 

\j,r«^ Jhurna, v. n. h. To wither, 
to fade (from grief), to pine. 

^jj^^ Jharokha, s. m. s. A lat- 
tice, a window. 

LSj%^ Jhuri, *./. H. A wrinkle. 

j^e- Jhar, s. f. H. Heavy rain. 
Jhur, s. m. A bush, bramble. 

'^l?*^ Jharakha, s. m, s. A sky- 

'^'j*^ Jharana, v. a. h. To get 

j^^^^ Jhar-ber, s. m. -beri, and 
-bel, s. f. H. s. A wild Ber tree 

t^>jA-'jJ«^ Jharpa-jharpi, s. f. 
H. Fighting (particularly of birds), 
sparring, contention. 

Wjj^a. Jharpana, v. o. h. To 
fight (cocks), to make to spar. 

'ajj«^ Jharapna, v.n. h. To spar, 
fight (as cocks). 

^^L?*^ Jhirak, s. f. h. Threat, jerk. 

Ia(>«^ Jhirakna, or Jharakna, v. 
a. H. To browbeat, speak snappishly 
to, to threaten, to jerk. 

i/ji^ Jhirki, or Jharki, s. f. h. 
Rebuff, snappishness, jerk, repercus- 
sion. Jharkd-jhafki, Mutual wrang- 

ii)j^ Jharan, s.f. h. Falling off (of 
fruit, leaves, &c. from a tree). 

IJJ**- Jharna, v.n. h. To fall off. 


fall, drop, pour, shake ; to strain ; to 
be sounded (the Naubat). 
^bj*^ Jharwana, v. a. ii. See 

t5j*^ Jhan, 8. f. H. Continued 

rain, showers, wet weather. 
Ki^^i^^ Jhukaua, v. a. h. 1. To 
cause to stoop, to tilt, to bend out- 
wards. 2. To nod or make nod. 
5^^ Jhukao, 8. m. H. The state 

of being bent downward, 
vijl^^a. Jhukawat, s.f. h. Stoop- 
ing, nodding. 
JH^ Jhakkar, s. m. s. A squall. 
iSjH^ Jhakri, *. /. h. A milk- 
pail or vessel. 
Lv^^ Jhukna, v. n, u. 1. To nod, 
bow, be bent downwards, be tilted. 
2. To be angry or perplexed. 
Ij^i^a. Jhakora, s. m. h. Raining, 

a shower ; a squall, tempest, 
'ij^^ Jhakorna, v. a. h. To drive 

as wind and rain in a squall. 
[>^ Jhagra, s.m.H. Wrangling, 
quarrelling. J. pakarnd. To engage 
in another's quarrel. J. ragri, s. m. 
Squabbling and quarreling. 
yij^a. Jhagralu, a. m. Jhagralin, 

a. f. Quarrelsome, wrangling. 
^Ij^^A, Jhagrana, v. a. h. To set 

a wrangling. 
^J^^^ Jhagarna, v. n. h. To 

^■^ Jhagula, s. m. h. A child's 

cV?. Jahl, s. m. a. Ignorance. 
51*^ Jhulla, s. m. a. A shirt or 
vest covering the body from the 
shoulders downwards. 
5^^ Juhala, s. plur, o/Jahil, a. 

Ignorant people. 
l^^W Jhulana, v. a. s. To swing, 
to rock ; to dangle, to hang ; to make 
another (as a dun) dance after one. 

( 193 ) 

LuJLfa. Jhulsai)^, V. a. h,To cause 

to singe. 
U-^^ Jhulasna, v. n. h. To be 

sinf^ed, scorched, seared. Jhulas 

jdnd, To be singed, &c. Jhulus dend, 

V. a. To sear, singe, &c. 
c2JJl«^ Jhaluk, s.f. H. Brightness, 

glitter, glare, refulgence. 
dKL^ Jhalkana, v. a, n. To 

cause to shine. Jhulkdnd, To scorch, 

to singe. 
tiil^H?' Jlialakna, v. n. h. To shine, 

to glitter. 
fJ^ Jhihim, s. /. H. Armour, a 

coat of mail ; the visor of a helmet. 
lUL^^ Jhilmil, *. m. h. A shutter 

or Venetian bhnd ; a kind of gauze. 
OXJL^a. Jhilmilana, v. n. h. To 

undulate ; to twinkle, scintillate. 
liJL^a. Jhuhia, V. n. s. To swing^ 

^jLja. Jhilli, S.f. s. A cricket. 
J.^^ Jhilli, s. f. H. A thin skin, 

a pellicle ; the secundines or mem- 
branes enveloping the foetus ; the caul 

or omentum. 
^JYi^ Jahli, a. A. 1. Lazy. 2. 

^^^.^♦^a. Jham-jham, or Jhama- 

jham, adv. h. Heavily and all day 

*2U#a. Jhamak, s. /. Jhamka, *. 

TO. H See Jhalak. 
IJX*.*^ Jhauiaknd, v. n. H. To 

glitter, shine ; to dance. 
^^>^^ Jlwimki, s. f. H. Glance, 

glare, glitter. 
^^4^ Jhiin, s. m. H. Sound of the 

collision of metals, clashing. 
ijj^sH^ Jhanjhri, s. f. H. A 

jK^^^ Jhaiijhkdr, s. f. s. Chink- 
ing, tinkling, ringing. 
U3ljs*«^ Jhunjhland, v. ra. h. To 
2 B 

be peevish, fretful, petulant, irrita- 
ble; to rage, to storm. 

Uli^arM^ Jhanjhanana, V. n. h. To 
tinkle, tingle, clink, ring. 

t^Hs^*^ Jhunjhuni, s. /. h. Lit- 
tle bells worn on the feet. Jhinjhini, 
s.f. The tinkling sensation felt when 
the limb is asleep. 

Si^ai. Jhund, s. m. H. A crowd, 
swarm ; buzzing noise of a crowd. 

'•^^4^ Jhanda, *. m. h. A banner, 
flag, ensign. 

ij^^^ Jhundi, s. f. H. A buh, 
a clump of grass. 

'^i*^ Jhanak, ~\ s. f. H. See 

jl^^A. JhankarJ ;^<#sNr^ 

^^^^ Jhanak na, v. a. s. See 

^M^ Jhanga, s. m. h. A coat, 

(♦\*- Jahannani, *. m. a. Hell. 

ts*"^^ Jahannami, a. a. Of hell, 
hellish, infernal. 

'^<^ Jhauwa, s. m. s. 1. See 
Jhdu. 2. A lid-les^ basket. 

<2»^«*. Jhut;, '^s. m. s. Lie, false- 

^j^^JhuXhyJ hood. a. False. 
Jhuthmiith, a. False. 

^^^^^ Jhu^a, "^ a. s. 1. Liar, 

t*^^*^ Jhutiia,/ false. 2. That 
which has touched food and is there- 
by defiled. 3. Offal, refuse, left food, 
leavings. J. chdtnd, To eat leavings* 
to be very wretched. Jhvthi na 
pvichhnd. To refuse even common 

*«^>»^ Jhojh, s, m. H. The sto- 
mach; a pendulous belly; a nest. 

W^^4^ Jhojha, s. m. ll. The sto- 

byi^ Jhurd, a. s. Withered. 

IJ)^*^ Jhurnd, V. a a. I . To pound, 
to grind. 2. To shake fruit from the 
tree. 3. To pine. 

( 194 ) 

jj^ff- Jhur, 8. m. H. A bramble. 
ij^j*^ Jhusi, s. f. H. A town 

near Allahabad. 
<-(>♦»■ Jhok, s. f. Jliokd, s. m. 

H. A jolt, collision ; a puffer gust of 

Jj<^ Jhul, *. /. A. {corr. of Jull), 

Body-clothes of cattle, housings ; a 

bag, wallet, knapsack. 
Jj-6^ Jhol,*.?n. H. A litter,brood; 

puckering, wrinkling 
J/j^A. Jhola, s. m. n. 1. A stroke 

of the snn ; palsy. 2. A wallet, v. s- 
V^i^ Jhula. s. m. s. A swing; the 

LJJ^^a. Jhuind, V. n. s. To swing ; 

to dangle, oscillate. 
j_5J^a. Jholi, s. f. II. A wallet. 
Ux^^iai. Jhumua, v. n. h. To wave, 

to move up and down, to move loose, 

to gather (as clouds). 
Ui^^a. JhompS, s. m. \\. 1. A 

bunch of fruit, a spike. 2. A cloth 

with eyelets which covers the whole 

'Jv'^"*^ Jhompra. s. in. Jhompri, 
. s.f. H. A cottage, hut. 
Z^y^sf. Jhonta, mr\ «.h. 1 .The hair 
^_,4^ Jhonti,/.J at the back of 

the head. 2. I he motion of a swing 
4_53o^a. Jlmndi, s.f. h. See (^^M=i- 
\*Aj^^j^ J honk, s.f.Yi. I. A shove 

or push in swinging. 2. The impulse 

of a squall or gust of wind. J. dend. 

To set fire to ; to throw dust, &c. ; 

to throw away (the lives of men use- 
lixi^a. Jhonkna, v. a. h. To 

push, throw, cast; to cast fuel into 

(an oven). 

jAjia. Jahez, s. m. a. A bride's 
portion ; whatever a wife carries with 
her to her husband's house. 

j_j^4a. Jin si, 5. m. H. A shower. 

I cUfS' Jhil, *./, H. A lake. 

e^t^ Jahin, adv. h. Wherever. 

*^iJt«J^ Jhinga, s. f. h. A shrimp, 
a prawn. «. m. Cucumis acutangu- 
lus, Linn. Luffa acutangula, Roxb. 

^r^-i*^ Jhingur, s. m. h. A cric- 

j_s=^ Ji, 5. m. s. Life, soul, spirit. 
Ji uihdnd, To withdraw one's friend- 
ship or desire. Ji burd karnd, To 
vomit, to have nausea ; to be displeas- 
ed. Ji barhdnd, 'Vo be moderately 
desirous. Ji bikhaind, v. n. To faint. 
Ji bhar jdad. To be at ease and con- 
tented. Ji bhar and. To be touched 
with compassion or grief. Ji hahld' 
nd, To amuse one's self, to dissipate 
reflection. Ji pdnd, 1. To under- 
stand one's temper. 2. To be highly 
pleased, to escape misfortune. Ji 
pdni kurnd, To harass, tease, perple.T. 
Jt par kisi-ke chalnd, To obey one. 
Jipar khelnd, To risk one's life, to 
run the hazard. Ji pasijnd, or pi- 
ghalnd, or piyhal-jdnd. To be compas- 
sionate, to feel affection. Ji pakrd 
jdnd, To be sorry. Ji phot jdnd, To 
be broken-hearted. Ji phir jdnd. To 
be contented, to be satiated or dis- 
gusted, ./i jflZttnd, To befriend ; to 
plague, perplex. Ji jalnd, To be 
vexed or troubled in mind. Ji chdh- 
nd. To desire. Ji chkipdnd, or chiird- 
nd. To do a work carelessly or lazily, 
to neglect. Ji chaldnd, To act brave- 
ly. Ji chalnd, To desire. Ji dharak' 
nd. To have a palpitation of the heart. 
Ji dub jdnd, Jo faint. Ji rakhnd. To 
be easily pleased, to please. Ji se 
utar jdnd. To sink in the opinion of 
another; to be broken-hearted. Ji 
se mdrnd. To kill. Ji karnd, or hond, 
To desire, wish for. Jt kholke karnd, 
To do with i)Ieasure or cheerfully. 
Ji ki amdn mdngni. To preface a dis- 
course with excesses. Ji ke badalji 
dend. To take up the cause of another. 

( 195 ) 

Ji ghat jdnd, To detest. Ji lagdni, 
'Vo excite desire or love. Ji lagni. 
To contract affection for any person 
or thing. Ji lend, To penetrate one's 
thoughts ; to excite one's desire ; to 
kill. Ji mdrnd, To mortify one's 
desire, to displease. Ji mildnd, 'I'o 
contract friendship. Ji men and. To 
come into the mind, to occur to the 
recollection. Ji men jaljdnd. To be 
tormented with envy or jealousy. Ji 
menji and. To be comforted. Jimelt 
ghar Aarnd, To be pleasant, agreeable, 
or acceptable. Ji nikalnd, To die ; 
to desire or love excessively ; to fear 
exceedingly. Ji hdrnd, To lose all 
life and spirit, to be deterred by 
cowardice. Ji hatjdnd, To detest. 

(^ Ji, H. Sir, master, madam. 

j^ Jai, s. m. f. s. Triumph, vic- 
tory, huzza, bravo, &c. [live. 

[slxA, Jiyana, v. a. s. To cause to 

Vi"=^ Jaib, s. f. a. The breast, 
heart, the breast-collar of a garment. 
J.-pdra,a. Having the collar rent; 

*-*>*. Jeb, s. f. T. A pocket. J.- 
katrd, s. m. A cut-purse, pickpocket. 

A^fAA^ Jibh, s. f. s. The tongue. 
J. barhdnd. To be loquacious and 
abusive; to pursue pleasures beyond 
one's reach. J. pakarnd. To silence, 
to interrupt one's discourse ; to criti- 
cise minutely. J. jhukdnd. To pre- 
tend to wealth falsely. J, chdtnd, 
To long after or covet unattainable 
enjoyment. J. chaldnd, To boast be- 
yond one's abilily. J. ddbke bdt 
kahnd, To speak with reserve. J. 
kdtnd, 1. To forbid by signs. 2. To 
grant the request of a petitioner ; to 
be struck with terror or astonish- 
ment. J. nikdlnd. To be extremely 
fatigued or thirsty. 

i»^-i*" Jibh-ara, a. s. Loquacious, 

2 B 2 

^5«■^4^ Jibhi, *. /. s. An instru- 
ment for cleaning the tongue ; a bit. 

jH^r^ Jai-ber, a. s. As many times, 
as often as. 

^^•i^ Jait, or Jet, *. }}i. s. A plant 
(^schynomene sesban). 

IJ^ Jita, a. 8. 1. Alive, living. 
2. Over, more, above. Jite-ji, a. 
Alive, living. Jitd hond. To be over. 

li*^ Jeta, a. s. As much as, so 
much. J.-Ai, adv. Though, although. 

^ir^ Jitna, V. a. s. To win, con- 
quer, overcome. 

j^*-^ Jitil, ) *. m. s. A vvin- 

^jH'^ Jitwaiya, j ner. 

^•i*•=^ Jitiya, s. f. s. A Hindu 
fast with sacrifice and worship of 
Devi observed by women who have 
lost many children to preserve the 

H^ir^ Jeth, s. m. s. 1. Husbtind^s 
elder brother. 2. The second Hindu 
month (May). 

U^i"^ Jetha, a. m. s. Elder, s. 
The first and strongest tint obtained 
from Kusum (Carthamus tinctorius). 

(^^^4^ Jethani, s.f. s. Husband's 
elder brother's wife- 

Ij-s^Je- Jethrd, a. s. Elder, s. Hus- 
band's elder brother. 

cijis^ Jihun, s. f. P. The river 
Gihon or Oxus. 

i^i^ Jid, *. A. Neck. Jayad, s. 
Length of neck, beautiful neck. 

«>i^ Jaiyid, a. a. E.xcellent, ele- 
gant, arable. 

o'AiA. Ji-ddn, a. s. p. Granting 
life ; pardoning a capital crime ; per- 
mission. J. karnd, To grant life, &c. 

^<^^r^ Jidhar, adv. u. See j^<^^. 

^jiri- Jird, s. m. s. Cumin -seed. 
Jaisd, a. or adv. s. In the 
manner which ; what like, as. J. 
chdhiye. As may be desired, suffici- 



196 ) 

ently. J. taisd. As well as. J. kd 
taisi, Precisely the same; as before. 
J.-ki, As though. 

***j^ Jigha, s. A. An ornament 
of jewels worn in the turban. 

Asusf. Jifa, s. m. A. Carcase, 

^^ Jikd, s. f. a. Pension, liveli- 

Ji:^ Jil, 5./. H. for ^3, P. g'. ». 

^^A:^. Jain, *. m. s. A sect of Hin- 

Ix*-^ Jind, V. n. s. To live. s. m. 

Gl^^Xijf^i. Jingurana, t>. a. h. To cor- 
rugate, wrinkle. 

Uy^ Jyun, Jyon, or Jyaun, adv. 
H. How much, the more so, when, 
as, as if. J.-kd-tyun, Precisely the 

li^jj^ Jiwna, or Jiond, v. n. s. To 

j^A^ Jehar, s.f. h. A pile of pots 
filled with water ; a ceremony pre- 
parative to marriage in which such a 
pile is crowned with a bowl of shar- 
bat, and the friends watch by it all 


5 Che or Chim, called also Jtm- 

i-F(irs( or Jim-iqjami, the seventh 
letter of the Persian alphabet, has the 
sound of the English ch in chess. It 
does not occur in Arabic. In Abjad 
it stands for 3 like Jim. The per- 
mutations of this letter are the follow- 
ing : 1. Into Zhe as Kdzh for Kdch, 
Glass. 2. Into Ze as Pizishk for 
Pichishk, A physician ; 3. Into She, 
as Kdshi {or Kdchi, Made of glass. 4. 
Into Jim, as Kdj for Kdch ; and 5. 
Arabistically into Svcdd, as Sin for 
Chin, China. 

! u. Chd, *. /. P. Tea. Cha-ddn, 
I s. m. Tea-pot. 

«^'a. Chdbiil-;, a. p. Active, alert. 

i s. m. A horsewhip. Ch. bdzi, s. f. 

Whipping, lash. Ch. phatkdmd,'Vo 

crack a whip. Ch. mdmd, To whip, 

to lash. 

owM«>iJl^ Chabuk-dast, a. p. Nim- 
ble, active, alert, quick, beautiful. 
jJ^-JoU. Chabuk-sawar, *. m. p. 
A horse-breaker, jockey ; a good 
rider; a horse-broker. Chibuk-sawa- 
ri, s.f. Jockeyship, &c. 

j_^ij'A. Chabuki, *. /. p. Activity, 
alertness, dispatch, celerity. 

UjLa. Chabna, v, a. s. To chew, to 
masticate. Chdb-chdb bdten karni, 
To mince one's words, to speak little 
and haughtily. 

^J!^ Chabi, s.f. h. A key. 

j_,«^bW Ch^plus, S. m. p. A flat- 
terer, wheedler. 

^y^jiJj^ Chaplusi, s.f. p. Flatter- 
ing, wheedling. 

.^i^jU. Chaphand, s. m. h. A kind 
of fishing net. 

Ji^ Chatar, s. m. h. A large net, 
a seine. 

*^l^ Chdtak, s. m. s. A bird 
(Cuculus raelanoleucoK). 

lilU. Chatna, v. a. h. To lick, to 
lap. Chdt-lend, v. a. n. To lick up. 

^yU. Chati, s.f. h. A churn. 

la.La. Chacha, s. m. h. See ^^. 

j^U. Chadar, s. f. p. A sheet ; a 
sheet of water or cascade. Ch. bi- 
chhdnd. To lay the cloth. 

jla. Char, a. p. Four. 

Ua. Chara, s. m. p. See ij^ p. 

j^t;'^ Char-abru, s. m. p. A kind 
of dervise who shaves his eyebrows 
and whiskers. 

JXitjiA. Chdr-ungal, s. m. p. s. A 
palm (four inches). 


( 197 ) 


^i^lji^ Chdr-ungli, s. f. p. s. A 

*J>iTj'^ Char-aina, s. m. p. Iron 

u^^.)^^ Char-bdlish, s. m. p. A 
throne, couch, or sofa. 

(^Jljjla. Char-bang, a. p. Sensi- 
ble, quick, intelligent, alert. 

^^-.jjjU. Chdr-bisi, s. v. s. Four- 

g;lj^l^ Char-para, a. p. Divided 
into four ; four-pieced. 

AjIj^U Char-pdya, *. m. v. A 

^'Ij^U. Char-pai, *. /. p. A bed- 
stead, bed, litter. 

\Syj^ Chdr-tuk, a, p. s. Broken 
(into 4 peices). 

Chdr-jdma, s. m. p. A 
kind of saddle without a tree. 

^«kA.^la. Char-chashm, 8. f. p. 
Meeting, interview, tete-a-tete, the 
eyes of two people meeting. 

•xia-jLa. Char-chand, a. p. Quad- 
ruple, fourfold. 

ajlaoLsi. Chdr-khdna, a. p. Che- 
quered. *. m. A kind of cloth. 

jjj>j\a. Char-dah, a. p. Fourteen ; 
fourteen days old (the moon). 

^AijU. Char-dahum, a. p. Four- 

;_5';ljJ0»;L. Char diwari, s. f. p. A 
court-yard, enclosure, area. 

jjlj^ta. Char-zanu, «. p. A mode 
of sitting, squatting, sitting cross- 
legged. Ch.-zdnu baithnd. To squat. 

JLi;U. Chdr-sal, *. p. A four 

year-old horse. 
^*.jla. Chdr-sii, *. p. A cross-road, 

two roads crossing each other. 
&i[Mj{A, Chdr-shana, a. p. Tough, 

hardy. Chiron shine chit pafni, To 

fall at full length on the back. 

'j^J^^ Chdr-zarb, a. ?. Sensible, 
intelligent (generally applied to 

*^La. Char-qubb, s. p. a. Any- 
thing adorned with four domes or 
knobs resembling domes ; an article 
of dress so called. 

Char-guna, a. s. Four-fold. 

(•jta. Charum, or Charumi, a. p. 

y^j^ Chdr-inaghz, s. in. p. A 
walnut ; an earthen ball with which 
children play. 
jU.GjU. Char-ndchar, -i^^^^ ^ 
jl^lij^v^ Char-o-nachdr,J 

Nolens volens ; right or wrong ; cer- 
tainly, inevitably, by force. 

'jjl^ Charwd, s. m. p. A poney, a 
quadruped. Ch -ddr, s. m. A groom. 

ij^ Chara, s. m. p. Remedy, cure, 
help, aid. 

«;'*. Chara, s. m. n. 1. Forage, 
fodder, food for cattle, bait for fish. 
2. A young plant, a sapling. Ch, 
ddlni. To bait. 

t5)^j V Char-yari, s. m. p. A sect 
of Musalmans who venerate equally 
the four successors of Muhammad. 

ij"^ Chas, s. f. H. Ploughing. 
Ch. karnd. To plough, 

L«»la. Chdsa, and Chdsi, s. m. h. A 
ploughman, husbandman. 

Lwla. Chasna, v. a. a. To plough. 

v£Ji'^ Chasht, s.f. p. The middle 
hour between sunrise and the meri- 
dian (about 9 A.M.); also what is 
eaten at that time, a breakfast. 

j^U. Chdshni, s. f. V. J . Fla- 
vour, relish, a mi.xture of sweet and 
sour. 2. Sirup. 3. A specimen. 

O^ Ch^q, a. T. Active, alert, in 
spirits ; erect, (a horse) ready to co- 
ver. Ch.-chauband, a. p. Healthy and 

( 198 

y\A. Chaqu, *. m. t. A clasp- 
knife, penknife. 

v^'^ Chak, *. m. p. A narrow 
opening or slit intentionally left in 
clothes; a rent or fissure, a. Rent, 
slit, torn, lacerated. Ch. karnd. To 
rend, slit, tear, split. Ch -girebdn. 
Having the collar rent, afflicted, sad. 

sJK^ Chak, s. m. 8.\. A potter's 
wheel. 2. Rings of earth for form- 
ing a well. 3. A millstone, mill. 

^'•*' Chakar, s. ni. p. A servant. 

cs/^ Chakari, s.f. p. Service. 

_j-^U. Chaksu, s. m. v. A medi- 
cine (a small hlack seed). 

114? U. Chakhna, v. a. s. To enjoy, 
relish, taste. 

Jl^ Chal, s.f. s. Gait, movement, 
pace, habit, custom. Ch. pakarnd, 
To prevail. Ch. chalnd, To behave. 
Ch. dhdl,s f. Gait, motion ; manners, 
behaviour, breeding, politeness. Ch. 
milnd, 'J"o smell a rat. 

J'-a- dial, *. /. H. A colour in 
horses, roan. 

i/'a. Chala, "1 a. p. Laborious, 

»J5)U Chalak, J hard-working ; 
active, alert, fleet, nimble ; ingenious, 
clever, dexterous. 

t/31'^ Chalaki, s. f. p. Activity, 
alertness, agility, &c. v. s, 

<_^'-a- Chalish, *. /. p. Exertion 
in battle; a pompous or graceful 

IjJU. Chalna, v. a. s. To sift. v. n. 
To be mischievous. 

^iJt:v Chalan-har, s. s. A sifter. 

«JIa. Chala, s. f. s. A fish (a sort 
of sprat : Clupea cultrata). 

^J'^ Chali, a. s. Roguish, mis- 

4j^La. Chalis, a. s. Forty. 

UjJU. Chalisa, s. m. a. A dimness 
of sight supposed to come on at 40 

years of age ; the fortieth year (of an 
sera or century). 

c^Lr-V'^ Chalis-wan, a. s. Forti- 
eth ; (hence) the fortieth day after 
childbirth, &c. 

(_j«~V ^ Chalisi, s. f. s. Quaran- 
tine kept after the death of a relation 
or after childbirth, &c. 

j«la. Cham, s. m. s. See •>♦*•. 

^U Champ, *. /. H. 1. The 
lock of a gun. 2. The stocks, the 
rack. Ch. charhdnd, To cock a gun ; 
to punish or torment by squeezing 
the ear with the lock of a gun. 

Luj^. Champna, v. a. h. 1. To 
join. 2. To stuflF, thrust in, press. 

IJ^^- Chantna, v. a. H. To press, 
to squeeze. 

«>it^ Chand, s. m. s. 1 . The moon. 

2. The crown of the head. 3. A white 
spot in the forehead of eattle and 
many other things which are moon- 
like. 4. A target (to shoot at). 5. 
Name of an ornament. 6. A month. 
Ch. chhipdnd. To change (as the 
moon). Ch. rdt. End of the month. 
Ch.-tdrd, A robe made of flowering 
muslin. Ch. mdrnd, To fire at a 
mark. Ch.-ne khet kiyd, The moon 
has risen. 

i^^>^^ Chandni, s. /. s. 1. The 
moon-beams. 2. Name of a flower. 

3. A cloth spread over a carpet. 4. 
Anything white and shining. Ch. 
kd mdrjdnd, v. n. To be aff"ected with 
a disease supposed to proceed from 
a stroke of the moon (a horse). 

t^.a.^,>jU» Chandni-chauk, s. m. 

s. A wide street or market, 
^jjta. Chdndi, 8. /. s. 1 . Silver 

(pure), plate. 2. The crown of the 

Jy 'a- Chanwal, s. m. h. See jy^. 
j^ Chao, s. m. u. \. See Chah. 

2. A measure equal to four fingers. 

( 199 ) 



See at-a. s. 

Chdo-chochld, and Chdo-choz, See 
Chdh-o-choz, under Chih. 
csJijV Chawri, s. f, h. A place 
near Dihli. 

Jjta- Chawal, s. m. ii. Rice (clear- 
ed of the husk and not boiled). 

js^-a. Chah, s. f. s. Desire, wish, 
likinjf, choice, affection, love. Chdh- 
chit, and Chah-o- choz, hove, a£fection> 

SiV Chah, *. m. p. A pit, a well. 
Ch.-izanakh or Ch.-i-zaqan, The 
dimple of the chin. Ch-han, s. m. 
A well-digger. 

IaU> Chaha, *. m. 

o-aU. Chahat, s. f. 

Iaa^' Chahua, v. a. s. To desire, 
wish for, require; to love, to like; 
to ask, demand, pray ; to attempt, 
try ; to look to, to look for. 

^4\a. Chaho, "^^^s.imjaer.o/Chana, 

j_,A4\a.ChahenJ Choose, either, 

ii^jV-a. Chain, or Cham-chuin, *. /. 
H. Scaldhead. 

IjL;a. Chabana, v. a. s. To chew, 
masticate, bite the lip. C/iabd cha- 
bdlie bdt karni. To speak with study 
or preparation ; also without reserve, 
or haughtily and scornfully. 

^J^^ Chabai, s./. s. Mastication, 
IjijAA. Chabwana, V. a. s. To cause 
to chew. 

tjiy^ Chabutara, s. m. n. 1. A 
terrace to sit and converse on. 2. A 
custom-house. 3. A police office. 

Ijlt4^ Chubhana, u. a. h. To stick 
or thrust into ; to pierce, goad, stab, 

IJ^*^ Chubhna, v. n. n. To pe- 
netrate, to be stuck into, &c. v. s. 

M^*^ Chubhona, v. a. h. See 

U**^ Chabena, s. m. Chabeni, *. 
f. s. Parched grain to exercise the 

^=^ Chap, a. p. Left (hand, &c.) 

^^^ Chiip, a. H. Silent, interj. 
Silence ! s. f. Silence. Ch. lagni, or 
Ch.-ki lagni, To be struck dumb. 
Chup-chdp, or Chvp-d-chup, a. Silent. 
adv. Silently, furtively. 

Iaa. Chap[)a, s. m. h. A hand- 

Ls^'^J' Chapati, s. f. h. A thin 
cake of unleavened bread. 

tjl^ Chapana,!?. a. h. 1. To abash. 
2. To pile, to lay one thing on another. 

li^ Chipta, a. h. Clammy, vis- 
cous, glutinous. 

O^A^ Chapta, a. s. Flattened, com- 
pressed, shallow. 

IJli^A. Chiptana, v. a. n. To sod, 
to turf, to apply patches. Chaptind, 
V. a. 8. To flatten. 

^^t^ Chapatna, v. n. a. To be 
flattened. Chipatnd, v. n. s. To stick, 
to adhere. 

'v^V^ Chip-chipa, a. h. See 

Ij^^^^ Chip-chipdna, v. n. h. To 
adhere, cohere. 

IJ'^i^^ Chiip-chupana, v. n. h. 
io keep silence. Chup-chupdle, Si- 
lently, secretly. 

ijAa. Chippakli, jr. m. h. A spar- 
row hawk. 

ojbl>^^v' Chipchipahat, s. f. ii. 
Viscosity, glutinousness. 

Lrj"^ Chipra, *. m. h. Gum (of the 

tZ-Lr^ Chaprds, s. f. h. A buckle; 
a brass plate worn as a badge, a 

</*Lri^ Chaprasi, s. m. h. A ser- 
vant wearing a Chapras. q. v. 

^Jir^ Chuparna, v. a, h. To var- 
nish, cover, smooth, anoint, palliate. 

( 200 ) 

iSJi^ Chapri, *. /. h. Cakes of 

iSji^ Chupri, a. h . Oiled, greasy ; 

smooth, plausible (speeches). Ch. 

rati, Cakes rich with clarified butter. 
ij-^-^ Chapqalish, s. f. p. 

Crowding, want of room. 
^^^ Chupka, a. h. Silent, 
^■a. Chapka, *. m. h. Caprimul- 


Ij^^xa. Chapkana, v. a. h. I. To 
make adhere, to stick on. 2. To 
compress. 3. To threaten. 

i^S^ Chapkaii, s. f. h. A kind 
of vest or coat. Ch.-dar, A vest like 

llxA^ Chipakua, v. n. n. 1. To 
stick, adhere. 2. To spread or sink 
(as ink on damp paper). 3. To be 
compressed. Chipakjdnd, 1. Tobe 
sold on account of its sweetness. 2. 
To fall in love at first sight. 

liS^ Chapakna, v. n. u. To col- 

^J^ Chupki, s.f. h. Silence. 

er*^ Chappan, *. m. h. A lid or 
cover of a large pot. 

Iaaa. Chipna, v. n. h. To be con- 
cealed. Chapni, v. n. To be silent or 
abashed, to submit. 

,ya*. Chapni, *. /. H. A lid, cover, 

* top. Ck. bhar pant meff diib marnd, 
'1 o be greatly abashed. Ch. chdtni. 
To be contented with little. 

j*^ Chappu, s. m. h. An oar. 

o.w«'jji_*^ Chap-o-rast, s. m. p. 
Unsteadiness, want of principle, care- 

^j*j^ Chappi, s. f. H. Kneading 

" the limbs. Chippi, s- f. A patch on 
paper. Chuppi, s.f. Silence. 

'^■ti^ Chapet,/. "\ «. s. A slap, 
vj^ft. Chap eta, ?». J a blow. 
Chit, a. H. Supine, lying flat 

on the back. Ch. hamd, To throw 
one's adversary on his back in wrest- 
ling, to discomfit, overcome. 

li*. Chitta, s. m. s. A medicinal 
plant (Plumbago zeylanica), Chiti, or 
Chitdkhd, s.f. s. A funeral pile. 

IJ'J^ Chitana, "1 v. a. s. Tocau- 

Ijj^ Chitaona,j tion, warn, 

apprise, suggest, intimate. 
j^ Chatr, *. m. p. An umbrella. 

jU^i^ Chatar-mar, *. m. p. A 

iSj^ Chatri, s. f. p. A parasol, 
canopy, tent, pavilion, veil. 

l^jioLa. Chitkabra, a. s. Spotted, 
piebald, speckled. 

^^ Chitla, a. s. Spotted, &c. v.s. 

Ijj^i^ Chitharna, v, a. h. To 
tear in pieces ; to abuse, revile, insult. 

Ij^Aa. Chithra, s. m, h. A rag. 

^ia. Chitti, s. f. s. 1. A scar, 
spot, freckle. 2. A kind of serpent. 
3. A kauri worn smooth with rub- 
bing. Ch.'ddr, a. Speckled. Ch. Idni, 
To scar. 

<^^ Chat adv. h. Quickly, in- 
stantly, s. f. An excoriation, sore, 
scab. Chit, s.f. Rag, scrap. 

Iaa. Chuttd, s. m. s. See t^^. 

lijl^a. Chatta-batta, *. m. n. A 
rattle or clapper given to children. 

Li-lxi. Chatakha, «. wi."i n. A crash, 

•-^15^ Chatak, s. f. J explosi<m ; 
a smack (or kiss). 

IJl^ Chatana, v. a. a. To make 

lick or lap up. 
^lla. Chatai, s.f. h. A mat, Ch. 

bichhdnd, To mat or spread a mat. 
i2*jd*^ Chat-pat, adv. s. Hastily, 

in a hurry, instantly. 
IjlijcUa. Chat-patana, v. n. h. To 

be agitated ; to flutter, palpitate, 



( 201 ) 

iiUAiijoja. Chat-patahat, *. /'. h. 
Afjfitation, flurry, flutter, palpitation. 

tjij^ Chat-zii-a, s. m. h. Name 
of a tree. 

«-i5a. Chatak, 5. /. H. LA crash, 
crack, smack. 2. Glitter, splendour, 

^^ Chitk^, s. m. n. 1. A kind 
of grass or grain. 2. Mucus, slime. 

Ij^Ia. Chitkara, s. in. h. A speck, 
scar. Ch. lagdnd, To brand. 

LW:ia. Chatkana, v. a. h. To crack 
(a whip), to snap (the fingers), to 

IvxL. Chatakiia, v, n. h.To crac- 
kle, to crack (as a whip) ; to split. 

^xU Chutki, s. f. H. 1. A pinch ; 

' snapping of the fingers. 2. The ham- 
mer of a gun. 3 .\ mode of print- 
ing cloth or gulhadan. 5. An orna- 
ment worn on the toes. Ch. bharnd, 
or lend, To nip, pinch ; to throw out 
provoking insinuations. Chutkiyon 
men urdnd. To put off with a joke. 

^^ Chutla, s. m. s. See J'^. 

^I^ Chatin, s. f, h. A kind of 
ncid sauce. 

l^^L. Cha^okha, s. m. u. A kind 
of dove. 

K^^ Chittha, S. m. II. A memo- 
randum of money paid, or of the pay 
of government servants. 

^5^ Chitthi, s. /. H. A note, 
" letter. Talab-chttU, s. f. A sum- 
mons. Ch.-pdti, and Ch.-paltar, s f. 
Epistolary correspondence. 

^J^ Chitti, s. f. H. The hen of 
" the little birds called Amanduvades 

(Fringilla amandava). 
l«-^ Chacha, s. m. h. Paternal 

uncle, father's brother. 
1^;^ Chachra, s. m. h. Name of 
a tree. 

Chichri, s. f. h. A tick or 
2 c 


louse (of dogs and sheep). Ch. 
khainchnd, v. n. To scrawl, score. 

Uj^^j- Chuchkarna, v. n. h. To 
fondle, to chirp to, to cheer on. 

i^}^-^ Chuchkari, S. f. H. Blan- 

i5.%^ Chichinda, s. m. u. A vege- 
table (Beta vulgaris). 

^jyr^ Chachorna, v. a. h. To 

suck (a dry substance). 
4_j^ Chachchi, s. f. h. Father's 

brother's wife, aunt. ^ 
^^^i^^ Chichiyana, v. n, h. To 

squeak, shriek, bleat. 
jW^ Chachir, s. m. u. A line, 

^j^^ Chachera, a. h. Descended 

from or related through a paternal 

uncle ; as, Ch. bkdu s. m. A cousin 

or son of a paternal uncle, &c. 
irA. Chakh, s.f. p. Quarrel, strife, 

contest. Chakh-d-chakhi, s. /. p. 


^Us^ Chakhmakh, s. f. p. See 

^ar^ Chakhe, p. Begone, avaunt, 

;i>A. Chaddar, s. f. v. A sheet, 

table-cloth, a cloth of more than one 

breadth. Ch. bichhdnd, To lay the 


Ia5»a. Chaddhd. s. m. n. The groin ; 

a bubo. 
j^ Char, 8. m. h. A ford, shoal, 

L^jA. Chiragh, or Charagh, s. m. 
p. A lamp, a light. Ch. barhdnd, or 
thandd knrnd. To put out or extinguish 
a lamp. Ch.-ddn, s, m, A lampstand. 
Ch.-i-kushta, An extinguished lamp. 

UpI^ Chiragh -pa, a. p. Rearing 
(a horse). 

t5*Lr^ Chiraghi, s.f. p. 1. A pre- 
sent made to the IViuUa for offering 

202 ) 

up oblations at the tomb of a saint. 
2. Alms given to beggars who walk 
the streets at night as the class called 
Naqshbandi. 3. Present to sooth- 
sayers . 

kj}j^ Charak, s. m. s. An animal 
that grazes. 

jsl^i;^ Chaia-gah, s. f. v. A pas- 
ture, meadow. 

lij;^ Charaii, $. m. s. Lea, fallow, 
meadow, a salt marsh or meadow. 

Iji^a. Chardna, v. a. s. To graze, 
to pasture. 

Ul^a. Churana, v. a. s. To steal. 

Ul^ Chirana, v. a. h. To cause 
to tear. 

,1^ Charao, s. m. s. Pasture 

jjjJuijA. Charainda, p. a. p. Graz- 
ing, s. m. A grazier. 

^J\jsx. Charai, s. f. s. 1. The price 

" paid for pasturage. 2. Grazing, feed- 

w,*. Charb, a. p. Fat, thick, 
gross, viscous, oily. s. An over- 

UUjA. Charbana, v. a. h. To brace 
a drum. 

o/wwOJ^ Charb-dast, a. p. Active, 
ingenious, s. A thief. 

^^liyJ^ Charb-zaban, a. p. Agree- 
able, conversible, entertaining. 

|iii^.a. Charb-ghiza, s. p. a. 
Dainties, viands. 

ijlx^ Charbi, s. f. p. Fat, suet, 
grease. Ch.-ddr, a. Fat. Ch. kd 
jhilli, s. f. Caul. 

1^^ Charpara, a. h. Acrid, hot 
(as pepper, &c.) ; smart (in conversa- 

li|^^A. Charparana, v. n. h. To 

^^bij^ Charpardha^, s, f. h. 

1 htj^ Char-piiz, a. v. Useless, 
stupid, miserly, wicked, mean. 

V-^ Charcha, s. m. s. Discourse, 
mention, talking about, discussion, 
report, attention. 

'j|/^>^ Charcharand, or Chirchi- 
rana, v. n. H. To crackle, sputter. 

c^^j^j^ Chirchirahat, s. f. h. 

^,j^ Charchna, v. a. s. To con- 
sider, reflect, apprehend, conceive. 

^j^ Charkh, s. m. p. 1. A wheel 
(particularly a potter's, of a water 
mill, a well or an oil-press). 2. The 
sky, heavens, celestial globe, sphere. 
3. Circular motion. 4. Turn, press. 
5. Fortune, chance. 6. A hyena. Ch. 
ckarhnd, v. n. 1. To dress and adorn 
one's self. 2. To turn (as in a lathe). 
Ch. mdrnd, v. n. To circulate (as the 
blood), to turn round, to wheel. 

Lay^ Charkha, p. See *^v^. 

j^^t^ Charkh-i-asir, $. p. The 
heaven of the stars. 

^^it^^ Charkh-puja, *.p.s. A ce- 
remony observed by the lower orders 
of Bengalis on the day when the sun 
enters Aries. 

yj'^^^ Charkh-i-dauwar, s. m. p. 
The sky, heavens, firmament. 

iuj^j^ Charkh-zan, s. m. p. A 

t^j^^ Charkh-zani, s, f. p. A 
spinning-wheel ; spinning. 

A^j^ Charkha, s. m. p. A spin- 
ning-wheel, a reel. a. Thin, weak, 
nag, jade, garran. 

(^j^ Charkhi, s.f. p. 1. A spin- 
ning-wheel. 2. The instrument with 
which the seed is separated from the 
cotton. 3. A globe. 4. A kind of 
fire-work, Catherine wheels. 5. A 

jj*^ Charz, s. m. p. A kind of 
bustard (Otis Bengaleusis) . 

203 ) 


u^j^ Charas, 5. m. h. 1 The ex- 
udation of the flowers of hemp pre- 
pared as an intoxicating drug. 2 A 
leathern bucket. 

f^^ Chargh, s. m. v. A kind of 

^j^ Charghad, s. m. p. A crick- 

*ii*,^ Charghina, a. P. Wicked, 

^j^ Chirk, ~^ *. m. p. 1. Dirt, 

'-^j^ Chirkat, > filth, ordure. 2. 

t^r,-*. Chirkai), J Matter from a 
wound, pus. Chirk-dlud, a. Filthy, 

{zj^j^ Chirkin, a. p. Filthy, dir- 
ty, slovenly, s. m. Dung. 

ti^*- Churagnd, v.n. h. To chirp. 

^jA. Charm, s. m. s. p. See [j**.. 

*4*;a. Charmma, a. p. Made of 
leather. Ch.-doz, s. m. A shoe- maker. 
Ch.-farosh, s. A shoe-seller. 

^j^ Charna, v. n. s. To graze, to 

IJ^a. Charna, s. m. \i. Half-trou- 
sers. Ch. chafhdnd, To put on half- 

^y^ Chirna, v. n. h. To be torn 
or split. 

icyij^ Charanda, or Charaud, s. m. 
p. A beast; any animal that grazes 
Charand-o-parand, Beasts and birds. 

^*jj^ Charwana, v. a. s. See 
Cbar&na. Chirwdnd, v. a. See Chira- 

lAt^^ Charwdha, *. m, s. A gra- 
zier, shepherd. 

«y !ir^ Charwai, s. f. s. Price paid 
for pasturage. 

i^^l}^ Chironji, *. /. h. Nut of 
the Piyal fruit (Chironjia sapida). 

(.^^Churri, 5./. H. Dregs. Churi, 
A bracelet. Chari, s. f. s. Unripe 
corn cut for the food of cattle. 
2 c 2 

U(jA. Chirdn^, v. a. h. To vex, 

irritate, mock, provoke. 
fjjj^ Chirpira, a. h. Fiery, hot 

(as pepper, &c.) 

[>a.j^ Chirchira, s. m. h. A plant 
(Achyranthes aspera). a. Cross, peev- 

^*!J^J^ Chirchirahat, s. f. h. 
Peevishness, fretfulness. 

IJJ^ Chirna, v. n. h. To be vexed, 
irritated, provoked, to fret. 

!j»J^ Chunia, s. m. s. A dish pre- 
pared from parched rice. 

GlAja. Charhdna, v. a. h. To make 
ascend ; to raise, lift, take up, ad- 
vance, apply, put, spread, bend, die 
(with colour), pull, run ; to string a 
bow, to brace a drum ; to oflfer up 
oblations or sacrifice. Chirhdnd, see 
jlAj^ Charhao, s. m. h. Ascent, 
acclivity, attack, tide ; rank, dignity. 

^J^J^ Charhai, s.f. h. 1. Ascent, 
&c. V. S.2. Price paid for ascending, 
riding, embarking, &c. 

^J'^ Charhna, v. n. h. To as- 
cend, mount, embark, rise, climb, 
soar, ride, spread, swell, advance, at- 
tack. Chirhnd, see Chirna. 

jljAAjA. Charhandar, s. m. h. A 
passenger, supercargo. 

lj'>k_>a. Charhvvana, v. a. h. To 
cause others to raise, to make ascend, 
to pull on, &c. 

Vjyfcja. Charhwaiyd, *. m. h. One 
who ascends, mounts, &c. a rider. 

'jjA. Chirlyd, 5. /. h. 1. A bird. 

2. A kind of sewing. Ch. khdna, 

». m. An aviary. Chifiyd,s.f. s. A 

jUj^ Chiri-uiar, *. w. h. s. A 

4i>U«.A. Chaspan, a. p. Viscous, 

slimy, coherent, sticking together. 


( 204 ) 


ti^-M*-*^ Chaspidagi, s. f. p. Love, 
affection, attachment, coherence. 

JS«*^^^ Chaspida, a. p. Joined to, 
stuck, adhered ; attached, fond of, 
addicted to, liking. 

o*-^ Chust, a. p. 1. Active, 
fleet, ingenious. 2. Narrow, straight, 
tight. Ch. chdldk, a. Active, alert, 

U«»A. Chusta, s. m. p. Tripe, rec- 

IJL^ Chusta, a. p. Tight, fitting 
well (as clothes). 

^yli-^ Chistan, s. m. p. An enigma. 

«jL.^ Chusta, s. m. p. Runnet. 

f^^ Chusti, s. f. p. Activity, 
alertness, fleetness. 

iSl-^ Chasak, s. f. a. Pain, ach- 
ing, throbbing pain, a stitch (lanci- 
nating pain). 

[aL»^ Chasakna, v. «. h. To 

t_5^^ Chuski, s. f. s. A mouth- 
ful of drink. 

^J-^ Chassi, *. /. H. A kind of 
itch, peculiar to the palms of the 
hands and soles of the feet. 

iSi^UA. Chasliak, 5. /. p. Tasting. 

/vik^ Chashm, s. m. f. v. 1. The 
eye. 2. Hope, expectation. A'hu 
chashm, Fawn-eyed, soft-eyed. Ch. 
-i-bad dur, Avaunt malicious glances. 
Ch. ba rah hond, To wait for, to ex- 
pect. Ch.-ikhun dlud, Eyes filled 
with blood, fiery eyes, murderous 
looks. Ch.-o-chirdgh, a. Dearly be- 
jV^ij^Jij^ Chashm-i-bimdr, s. m. p. 
An eye that looks half closed from 
modesty, (an epithet applied to beau- 

ty-) ^ 
i^j^*^ Chashm-poshi, s. f. p. 
Turning away the eyes, affecting not 
to hear or see a petitioner ; conni- 

y^J^ Chashm-i-tar, *. m. p. 
VV eeper. 

f^JL^M.:^ Chaslim-tari, *. /. p. 
Moist eyes, full eyes, weeping. 

*jl^* V Chashm-khana, *. p. The 
socket of the eye, the orbit. 

«i-.iii>*^i:^ Chashm-daslit, s. f. p. 
Hope, confidence. 

(*^j**^ Chashm-zakhm, s. m. p. 
The look of an evil eye, misfortune, 

«^U.i^^Chashmak,5./. P. l.Wink, 
winking. 2. Spectacles. 3. The seed 
of Cassia absus (called also Chdksu 
and Qishmizdj). Ch. zudan, A wink- 
ing. Ch, mdrnd. To wink. 

^\^^L:^ Ciiashm-numai, s. f. p. 

**-^ Chashma, s. m. p. 1. Spec- 
tacles. 2, A fountain. 

lixa. Chaghatta, s. m. p. The 
name of a Mughal family to which 
the house of Timur belongs. 

«>*^ Chughd, s. m. v. An owl. 

j^ Chaghar, s. m. p. A wall- 
eyed horse. 

kj*^ Chagharha, s. m. h. Revel- 
ry. See Chakarbd. 

J*a. Chughul, or Chughul-khor, 
s. m. p. A tell-tale, tale-bearer, back- 
biter, informer. Chughul- khori, sf. 
Backbiting, tale-bearing. 

^_^*^ Chughli, s. f. p. Tale-bear- 
ing. Ch. hhdnd, To backbite, &c. v. s. 

'^^-^ Chaft, ~\s. m. v. A prop, 

A^-ft^ Chafta, J an arbour. 

(^■a- Chiq, s.f. T. A kind of screen 
used to keep out the glare. 

<3La.lfi^ Chaqachaq, s. f. p. See 

iJ^^^ Chaqchaqi, s.f. t. A kind 
of musical instrument made of wood 
used by Mughals. 

(3^*^ Chaqmaq, and Chaqmaq, 
s.f. T. A flint. 


( 205 ) 

^J^Ji^ Chaqmaqi, s. f. t. A fire- 

jt^iiLa. Chuqundar, 5. m. p. Beet 

^ Chakka, s. m. s. 1. A car- 
riage wheel, a circle, round. 2. Coa- 
gulated milk. 

^l^K^ ChakachaU, s. f. p. The 
sound of the repeated strokes of a 
sword, dagger or mace. 

Uj^^ Chikarna, v. n. s. To squeak. 

g;l<a. Chikara, a. p. Useless. 

iSj^ Chikari, s. f. u. An insect 
like a mosquita; smut. 

^jlia. Chikari, a. f. p. Useless, 
contemptible, worthless. 

ly^^ Chakan, pari, {in comp.) p. 
Dropping, distilling. 

IJ^ Chukana, v. a. h. To finish, 
complete, settle ; to fix the price of. 

jj^ Chakawar, s. m. a. A dis- 
ease in horses. 

ijj^ Chakawak, s. m. p. A lark. 

(Si^ Chakawi, s. f. s. A ring- 

11%. Chakatta, s. t. See li*^. 

Uxa. Chakta, 5. m. s. A scraping 
of the skin, a scrape, a scar; a slice. 
Ch dend, or lend. To scar. 

^Xxa. Chakti, s. f. s. The hide of 
a rhinoceros (of which shields are 
made) ; a patch of leather; a slice; 
a round metal plate. 

45^% Chukti, s.f. H. Settlement. 

e^ Chikkat, la. h. Filthy, 

W^-a> Chiktha,J greasy. 

t/^"?' Chakchaki, s. f. h. A kind 
of dagger worn on the waist. 

(^•^jj-s*^ Chakchhiindi, *. /. s. 
A musk rat (Sorex coeruleus). 

j^ Chakkar, or Chakr, *. m, s. 
1. A whirlwind or whirlpool. 2. A 
sharp discus or iron ring used as a 
missile weapon, especially by the 

Sikhs. 3. A circular course, the 
lounge (in menage). 4. A difficulty, 
a misfortune. 5. A side or quarter. 
Ch. mdrnd. To wheel round, to 
whirl round. Chore ko chakkar dend. 
To lounge a horse. 

t5^Ly%- Chakrani, s. f. p. Woman- 

bjXa. Chakarba, s. m. h. Revelry. 

Ch. machdnd, v. a. To revel, 
j^y^ Cliakiar-makar, s. m. p. 
Evasion, trick, subterfuge. 

^b.^^ Chakr-vak, s. m. s. A bird 
(Anas casarca). 

lAj^ Chakariha, s. m. p. A good 
servant ; a person fit for (in want of) 
service, one habituated to service. 

LSj^ Chakri, s.f. s. See 3lxa. 

k/^ Chakriya, s. m. p. Servi- 

^xa. Chakrela, a. s. Round, cir- 

cr^^ Chakkas, s. m. h. A perch 
for birds, a roost. 

cr^a. Chakish, s. f. p. The drip- 
ping (of water &c.) 

3lCa. Chakia, s. m. s. 1 . A divi- 
sion of a country consisting of seve- 
ral pergunnus. Chakle-ddr, The go- 
vernor of such a division. 2. A 
round plate on which bread is rolled. 
3. a. Round. 

^L% Chakia, a. h. Wide, broad. 
Chakldi, s.f. Breadth. 

tiJUXa. Chakmak, or Chakmak, *. 
/. T. See Chaqmdq. 

iif^ Chikan, s. m. f. p. A parti- 
cular mode of working flowers on 
muslin or other cloth, embroidery. 
Ch.-doz and Ch.-gar, s. m. One who 
performs Chikan-work. Ch. — kdri, 
s.f. The making of Chikan. 

U% Chikna, a. a. 1. Clean, pol- 
ished. 2. Beautiful. 3. Greasy, 
oily. 4. Incontinent, lewd, wanton. 


( 206 ) 


ChVmi sural, Prosperous, affluent, 
flourishing. Chikni mitti, s.f. Clay. 

IkXa. Chukna, r. n. u. 1. To be 
finished, completed, fixed. 2. To be 
agreed upon, adjusted. 

j>-*»l^^ Chakna-chur, s. m. h. s. 
Scraps, small pieces, atoms, filings. 
Ch.-chur hond, To be dashed to pieces, 

Uli^ Chiknaud, v. a. s. To clean, 
polish, smooth. 

»JLjfcUi^ Chiknahat, s.f. s. Clean- 
ness, smoothness, polish ; greasiness; 

^^56^ Chiknai, s. /. s. 1. Fat of 
meat. 2. Wantonness. 3. Gloss, 
smoothness, polish. 

_y^ Chakkii, or Chaku, s. m. t. 
A clasp-knife, penknife. 

!>^ Chakwa, s. m. s. A bird 
(Anas casarca). 

i/iy^^ Chakotara, 5. m. h. A fruit 
of the lime kind ; citron ; pompel- 
moose, shaddock (Citrus decumanus). 

^j>^ Chakor, s. m, s. The Barta- 
velle or Greek partridge (Tetrao rufus 
or Perdix rufa) said to be enamoured 
of the moon and to eat fire at the lull 

Ijj^^ Chikorna, V. a. h.To peck. 

I«>j^s:a. Chakaunda, ~| 

J^^^ Chakonr, or Chakwanr,j 
s. m. s. A kind of Cassia (C. obtusi- 
folia) esteemed as a remedy for ring- 

t5;^% Chakori, s. f. s. See j.>%. 

i^j^ Chakwi, s. f. s. The female 

of the Chakwa, q . v. 
Ol^i^ Chakhana, v. a. s. To cause 

to taste. 
U^i^ Chakhna, v. a. s. To relish, 

to taste. 

^j,^^ Chaka'i, s.f. s. The female 

of the Chakwa, g. ». ; a whirligig. 
^^ Chakki, s.f. s. A millstone, 

mill, grinder; the knee pan ; a thun- 

^5%- Chukki, s. f. H. Deceit, 
fraud. Ch. dena. To deceive, play 

iJ'^i^ Chakidagi, s. f. v. A drop, 

«.>A^ Chakida, p. p. p. Dropped, 

Ij&a. Chugana, v. a. h. To cause 
to peck. 

^^^ Chugan, s. f. h. A plait or 

L>^ Chugna, v. n. h. To peck, 
pick up food with the beak. Chug- 
lend, V. a. To select, choose. 

ij^j^ Chi-guna-gi, s. f. p. Cir- 
cumstance, manner. 

*->^ Chi-guna, adv. v. How ? 
Of what kind ? 

cia. Chal, *. /. s. Going, march- 
ing, dispersion ; departure from 
truth, failure in performance, deceit. 
Chul, s.f. H. Itch, scratching. 

^^ Chilla, s. m. p. A period of 
40 days spent in retirement, fasting 
and prayer ; Lent ; Quarantine ; the 
period of 40 days after childbed, 
during which a woman remains un- 
clean. Ch' khainchnd. To keep qua- 

^ Chilla, s. m. H. 1. The string 
of a bow. 2. Gold threads put in 
the border of a turband. Ch. khainch- 
nd, or charhdnd, To bend a bow ; to 
prepare for battle. 

cLa-^ Chalachal, and Chalachalf, 
s.f. s. The bustle of setting out on a 
journey, &c., setting about anything. 

o^ Chalan, s.f. s. Clearance ; 

LJ^ Chillana, v. n.H. To scream, 
to shriek. 

li% Chalana, v. a. s. 1. To im- 
pel, set a going, make to go or pass, 


( 207 ) 


drive. 2. To fire (a musket, &c.) 
shoot at. 3. To advance, walk, hast- 
en. 4. To throw, send, forward ; to 
thrust. 5. To do, to act. 6. To 
accustom, to use. 7- To utter, speak. 

j'^ Chalao, s. m. s. Custom. 

Chaldu, a. Going ; about to die ; frail, 

^3U. Chulao, s. m. p. A kind of 

Ijil^ Chalawa^ s. s. Movement, 

motion, goin{?, custom. 
ci.A3l;j. Chillahat, s. f. h. Cry, 

outcry, scream. 
*^'t^^ Chalpasa, or Chilpasa, s. m. 

p. A lizard. 

UJa. Chalta, s. m. \i. 1. A tree 
producing an acid fruit (Dillenia in- 
dica). 2. p. act. Go\Ti%. Chalti chiz. 
Saleable goods, passable coin, cur- 

«ila. Chilta, s. f. p. A thick re- 
duplicated coat for soldiers ; a coat 
of mail. 

U)l«^- Chilchilana, v. n. h. See 

liJUV Chulchuland, v. n. s. To 
itch, to titillate. 

jIa. Chillar, s.f, h. A louse. 

lAijl^ Chilrdhd, a. h. Lousy. 

ijjila. Chiighoza, s. m. p. A kind 
of nut like the pistachio or the ker- 
nels of the pine. 

j»)La. Chilam, s. f. H. The part of 
the huqqa which contains the tobac- 
co and fire. 

^a?»^ Chilamehi, s.f. h. A wash- 
hand bason of metal ; part of a huq- 
qa fixed under the chilam. 

e)l,>^J^Chil-mardan, s, m. p. The 
leather fixed to the vacant part of the 
tree of a saddle. 

ii^Jla. Chalan, s. m. a. 1. Habit, 
custom, conduct, behaviour. 2. Ce- 

remony. 3. Currency, a. Current. 
Ch. chalnd, To behave. 

l^^ Chahia, v. n. s. 1 . To move, 
go, proceed. 2. To go off, pass (as 
coin). 3. To be discharged (a gun). 
4. To blow, flow, sail. 5. To behave, 
work, avail, serve. 6. To answer, 
succeed. 7- To last, to stand. Chal 
nikalna. To urn out vicious, to ex- 
ceed bounds. Chale chalnd, To go 

43-iJ-^ Chalni, s. f. s. A sieve, a. 
Current, usual. 

>V Chullu, s. m. s. A handful ; 
the palm of the hand contracted so 
as to hold water. Ch. bhar pdni men 
dub marnd, See Chapni. Ch. chullu 
sddhnd. To get a habit of drinking 
by gradual increase. Ch- men ullu 
hand. To get intoxicated with a mouth- 

l^U Chalvva, s.f. s. A fish (CIu- 

pea cultrata). 
c;l^^ Chihvan,! 5./. h. A skreen 
cj^-a. Chilwan, J for keeping 

out the glare, a Venetian blind, a 

^y^ Chalauna, *. m. s. A small 

stick with which the spinning wheel 

is turned. 
*V Chilla, s. m. p. or h. See ^a.. 
^i-Lj' Chalipd, s. m. p. A cross. 
Ua. ChuniL s. m. s. A kiss. 
;'*a^ Chamdr, s. m. s. A worker 

in leather, shoemaker, currier, tanner. 
An iron 
a wood- 
en mace or club with a knob at the 

end or headed with iron. 

c)^ Chamdn, a. p. Walking 
haughtily or gracefully or with a 
reeling gait. 

(JUa. Chumdnd, v. a. s. To cause 
to kiss. 

f Ua. Chumagli,"^*. m. p. 
i}^-^ Chumdq, J mace ; 

( 208 ) 


Chambar, *. m. p. Sphere, 
an orb, a wheel, globe, circle, disk, 

(Ja*^ Chambal, s. f. h. Name of 
a river. 

l^^ Champa, s. See ^i^ 

Ij^ii*^.^ Champat hona, or hoja- 
na, V. n. H. To vanish, run a^vay. 

ij^*^ Champi, a. s. Orange-co- 

^*^ Chimta, s. m. h. Tongs. 

VJli^ Chimtatia, v. n. h. To ad- 
here, cling to. 

Ui*^ Chimatna, v. n. ii. To ad- 
here, cling, cleave to. 

L^'i*^ Chiuitha, a. H. Ehistick, 

^^*^ Chimti, corr. of Chntkf, 
H. A pinch. Ch. kdtnd, To pinch. 

^^*^ Chamcharakhj *. m. h. A 
bat. a. Lean, meager. 

«i^^ Chamcha, *. m. p. A spoon. 
Ch. bhar, a. Spoonful. 

^JS.ij^A. Chaniar-bagli, s. f. h. A 

I>*^ Chamra, s. m. s. Leather, a 
hide, skin. Ch. udhernd, chhurdnd, 
khainchnd, nikdlnd. To flay. 

|>*^ Chimra, a. h. Tough, duc- 
tile, flexible, hardy. 

^^j*^ Chiinrana, v. n. h. To 
toughen, to grow tough. 

«ii*Jkij*A.Chimrahat s.f. h. Tough- 
ness, flexibility. 

L~*^ Chiuisa, a. h. Glutinous, 
thick (as oil by long keeping). 

^♦*. Chamak, *. /. h. Glitter, 

iSUa. Chummak, s. m. s. A load- 

Ij;^!^ Chumkarna, v. a. n. To 
coax, sooth (by drawing in the br«ath 
with protruded lips). 

li^a. Chamkana, v. a. h. 1. To 
cause to glitter, to brighten, to dis- 
play. 2. 'J'o provoke, to make to 
start. 3. To wave, brandish. 

jK»^ Chamkao, s. m. h. ~| Glit- 

cL^aK^ Chamkahat,*./.H.J ter, 
splendour, much light. 

Ij^*^ Cliamakta, a. h. Bright, 

li^^ Chamakna, v. n. h. To glit- 
ter, shine ; to prosper ; to be angry. 

Jji^*^ Cham-gadar, m.'^ » 

iSj'^^ Chumgudri,/ \- ' ^^^ 

j:yxs.^ Chanigidar, m.j 

li^^ Chaman, s. m. p. A bed in 
a garden, parterre. Ch.-band, s m. 
A gardener. Ch.-handi karnd. To 
lay out a jyarden. Ch.-i-dahr, Ter- 
restrial abode. Ch.-zdr, Meadow. 

i:;LiUj.«a. Chamanistan, s. m. p. A 

jy-*^ Chaniani, a. p. Of or relat- 
ing to the parterre. 

^j*^ Chamota, s. m. Charaoti, 

s.f. s. A razor-strop, 
lii^ Chameta, *. m. s. Box, 

thump, blow. 
Ii*' Ghana, s. m. s. A kind of 

pulse, chick-pea (Cicer arietinum), 

lia-Chunnd, v. a. n. 1. To gather, 

pick, choose, select; to pick up food 

(as birds). 2. To place in order. 3. 

To plait. *. m. Ascarides. Darwdza 

chunnd, To close a door with bricks. 
jIXa. Chinar, or Chanar, s. m. p. A 

poplar-tree or plane-tree. 
ULva^ Chunana, v. a. h. To cause 

to pick, choose, &c. Chund lend, v. a. 

1. To plait (cloth). 2. To kill by 

building a person into the wall. 
tyVia. Chunan, a. p. Like that, 

such, so. Ch.-chunin, adv. In this and 

that manner ; evasion, subterfuge. 


209 ) 


*K>lvA. Chunan-chi, adv. p. So 

that, in such manner that. 

£>jixf Chunawat, s.f. ii. A plait. 

^iia» Chambar, s. m. p. A cover 
for the chilam of a huqqa ; a circle, 
hoop (of a tub, &c.)j ling. Ch.-i-gar- 
dan. Stocks, pillory, necklace, dog's 
collar, handkerchief. 

(^ji^ Chambaii, a. p. Round, 

^^Uxia. Chambeli, s.f. h. A flower 
(Jasminum grandiflorum). 

4^" Champa, s. m. s. A flower 
tree (Michelia champaca). Ch.-hali, 
s.f. A necklace, each piece of which 
resembles the unblown flowers of the 
Champa. Ch.-keld, A kind of plan- 

".i:^ Chunat, *. /. h. Plaiting 
(cloths), plaits. 

d*^ Chanchal, a. s. Playful, 
wanton, restless ; perishable. Chan- 
chaldni, v. n. To be playful, &c. 

•i^^^" Chanchalahat, or Chan- 
chalai, s.f. s Restlessness, unsteadi- 
ness, &c. V. s. 

«i>ia- Chand, a. p. How many ? 
How much ? How often ? some, a 
few. Ch. dar chand, a. Several, vari- 
ous. Ch. roza, a. Of a few days, 

•i^ Chand, *. m. s. The moon. 
See Chdnd. 

liXXA. Chanda, s. m. h. An assess- 
ment, contribution, subscription. 

^i)\l^A. Chandan, a. p. So much, 
much, many, numbers, more, as many 
as, as much as, how many soever, 
80 greatly. 

«iolAi^ Chandaii-ki, a. p. As 
many, as much, whatever, so greatly. 

^^'xa. Chandla, a. s. Bald. 

u«^ Chandan, s. m. s. Sandal- 
wood or tree (Sirium myrtifolium). 
2 o 

UtjiA. Chundha, a. h. Blinkard, 

purblind ; bad (writing). 
iLk^a. Chundhla, s. m. h. A 

blinkard or purblind person. 
lilU^iA. Chundhlana, v. n. h. To 

be purblind, to see dimly. 
^-'^■^•> Chande, a. p. Some, a few, 

a little, some time. 
i:^'^j^ Chandin, a. p. So much, 

so many. 
^^H*^^ Chandiha, a. s. Silvery, 

JlSi*. Chandal, *. m. s. A low 

caste of Hindus ; a miser, a wretch. 
Jji5J^ Chandawal, s. m. u. The 

rear -guard. 
iSj^ Chunari, s.f. h. A mode of 

dying clothes ; clothes dyed in this 

j^!^ Chansur, s. m, \\. Cress, 

cresses (Lepidiura sativum). 
vi^A. Chanak, s. f. h. Bursting 

of the husk of a seed. 

IJ-^*' Chanakna, v. n. h. To burst 
and fall out (the seeds from a husk). 

<-<iA. Chang, s. f. p. 1. A claw ; 
the hand expanded. 2. A kind of 
guitar or harp. 3. Fame, report. 4. 
A paper kite which they fly at night. 
5. A suit at cards. Ch. nawdzi, s.f^ 
Playing on the guitar, 

iSli*. Changd, a. s. Healthy, sound, 
cured. Ch. bandnd. To correct, pun- 
ish, put to rights. Bhali-changd, a. 
Safe and sound, in health and vigour ; 
perfect, good. 

isj^^ Chingfiri, s. f. h. A. spark 
of fire. 

JI^Iaa. Changal, s. m. p. See cUxa.. 

Ij^Chingra, s. m. s. A prawn, 

cKia. Changul, *. in. p. Claw, 

talon, hand, clutch, grasp, hook. 
jI^Xaa. Chingh^r, s. f. s. Scream, 

( 210 ) 

screech, clamour. Chinghtiren mdr- 
nd, To scream. 

iijl^'xA. Chingharna, v. n. s. To 
scream, screech (apphed properly to 
the elephant). 

^itiA. Chingni, s.f. h. A chicken. 

^5^xa. Chungi, s. f. H. A tax ga- 
thered daily from grain merchants, 
being a handful of grain. 

fj^^ Chingi, s.f. H. 1. A spark 
of fire. 2. A wicked dwarf. Ch. 
jharnd, chhutnd, or nikalnd, To spar- 

j^a. Changij s. m. p. One who 

" plays on the Chang, q. v. 

A^ia^ Chinh, s. m. s. A scar, mark. 
Ch. charhdnd, To stigmatize. 

js^jjiiA. Chinida, p. p. p. Select. 

^jJjAa. Chunin, a. p. Like this, 

such, in this manner. 
ji^ Chau, a. H. (In comp.) Four. 
s. m. A back-tooth ; a ploughshare. 

jtja. Choar, s. m. ii. A mountain 

^\jA. Chawala, s. m. s. A chair, a 

,j»jJt^a. Chaw^lis, a. s. Forty-four. 

cjl^j. Cliuan, s. f. s. A reservoir, 
cistern. Chodn, s. f. Dropping, drip- 

Ijlja^ Choana, v. a. s. To cause to 
drip, to distil, filter, draw oflP. 

V^ Chob, s.f. p. Wood ; a post; 
a stick, club, drumstick. Ch. kdri, 
or Kdr-chobi, s. /.I. Beating with a 
stick. 2. A kind of embroidery. 

by^ Choba, s. m. p. A stake, a 

jb^ Chaubar, *. m. s. SeejVj>A.. 

\jby^ Chau-bara, s. m. s. A shed. 

&siy^ Chau-bachcha,s.m. p. Corr. 
of Chah-bachcha, A vat, cistern. 

,J^j^ Chob-chini, s. f. p. A 

' medicine, ChinaF root. 

i^^'^ij^ Chob-dasti, *. /. p. A 
staff, a stick. 

j'«^0-^ Chob-dar, *. m. p. A mace- 
bearer ; a servant who announces the 
arrival of a company. 

^j^ Chau-baghla, s. m. h. A 
kind of jacket not open under the 

«£ij^ Chobalt, s. f, p. A drum- 

^.iLj^ Chau-bandi, s.f. h. p. 1. 
Giving a horse new shoes. 2. The 
fastenings of baggage. 

^.y^ Chiibh, *. h. Prick, punc- 

U^jja.. Chubhna, v. n. h. See ^M^. 

^rt^>^ Chau-bhir, adv. h. On all 
sides, around. 

f^j^ Chobi, a. p. Wooden. 

tj»j^j^ Chaubis, a. s. Twenty- 

i:}^j^ Chobin, a. p. Wooden. 

Ij^a. Chau-pa, a. s. Four-footed. 

j$;(j^;^ Chau-para, a. h. p. Four- 

j\jy^ Chau-par, ~^s.m. s. 1. A 

Jb^a. Chau-pal, J kind of sum- 
mer-house or pavilion; a court- 
house. 2. A quadraped, a beast. 

<->"'i>^ Chau-pas, adv. h. All 

round, around. 
^^Jt- Chau-pala, *. m. s. A litter, 

a sedan. 

o'jj^ Chau-pan, s. m. p. A cow- 
herd or shepherd. 

*iV-?^ Chau-paya, s. m. s. A 
quadruped, animal (See Char-paya). 

jj^ Chaupar, s. f. s. A game 
played with oblong dice j the cloth 
on which it is played. 

J^Jt>». Chau-pahal, a. h. Four- 
sided, s.f, A square bottle. 


( 211 ) 

^^^ Chau-pahla, s. m.H. A litter, 

a sedan. 
j^y^ Chau-pahlu, a. h. Four- 

OjA. Chut, s.f. s. Vulva. Ch.-ma- 
rdni, s.f. Strumpet, 

[)G^ Chau-tara, s. m. s. p. A 
four-stringed musical instrument. 

XjI;!^ Chautara, s. m. h. See Vj^ 
jiy^ Cliutar, *. m. h. The back- 
side, buttock, hip. Ch. bajdnd, To 
be overjoyed. Ch. sakornd, To loiter, 
hang back. 

sjjA, Chau-tah, or -taha, a. h. p. 
Of four folds. 

Hij^ Chauth, s. /. s. 1. The 
fourth lunar day. 2. 'I'he fourth part 
(hence the tribute paid to the Ma- 

^j^ Chautha, a. s. Fourth. 

LS^j^ Chauthai, s. f. s. The 
fourth part. 

(a«j^4^ Chauthiya, *. m. s. A quar- 
tan ague; one who receives the 
Chauth, q, v. 

I^J^ Chutiya, *. m. s. A block- 
head. Ch. shahid, A cully, dupe. 

^jBjj^a. Chautis, a. s. Thirty-four. 

'^j^ Chot, s. f. n. 1. A hurt, 
blow, damage; a fall. 2. Spite, effort, 
attempt, assiduity, desire. Ch. par 
chot. One misfortune follows another ; 
misfortunes come in troops. Ch. 
bdndhnd, To defend ; to bind up the 
edge of a sword ; to restrain by magic. 
Ch. khdnd, To be hurt, to suffer loss. 

C^a. Chota, 3. m. H. 1. Discount 
or premium independent of interest. 
2. Treacle. Chottd, s. m. A thief. 

i/^^ Choti, s. f. s. The plait or 
tie of the hair behind, a cue, summit 
of a hill. 

^^^ Chechia, 8. m. h. Playful- 
ness, blandiyhments, coquetry, toying. 
2 D 2 

i^y^ Chuchi, 5./. s. Breast, pap, 

nipple, teat, dug. 
i^^<ij^ Chau-dani, /. -daniya, m. s. 

8. p. An ornament (formed of four 

pearls) worn in the ear. 
»^^a. Chaudah, a. s. Fourteen. 

Lsl;^'^^ Chaudharai, *./. h. The 
business of a Chaudhari, q. v. 

iSj^^y^ Chaudhari, s. m. h. 1. 
The head-man of a trade. 2. A title 
of landholders superior to Talluq- 

ii)L>Aj>^ Chaudah-wan, a. s. h. 

Jj5^*. Chau-dol, s. m. s. A kind 
of sedan with two poles. 

jj^ Chor, s. m. s. A thief, robber. 
In comp. it signifies hidden or by, as 
Chor-gali, s. f. By-road. Ch. lagnd, 
V. n. To be injured, to damage. Ch. 
lagnd shamq ko, To waste (a candle) 
by having a thief attached to it. 

jja» Chiir, s. m. s. Powder, filings^ 
atoms. Ch. chur, a. Broken to atoms. 
Ch- rahnd. To rot. Ch. karnd, To 
break into atoms. Ch. hona, To be 
broken into atoms ; to be enamoured 
of, to be in love ; to be tired. Nashe 
men chur hond. To be intoxicated. 

\jy^ Chura, s. m. s. Filings ; saw- 
dust ; grain coarsely powdered. 

^y*by^ Chaurasi, a. a. Eighty- 

j^lji^A. Chaurasi, s. f. h. Morris- 
bells worn on the ankles by dancing- 

(sybj^ ChaurSnnauwe, a. s. 

Ul;jA. Chau-raha, s. m. s. p. A 


j^^jj^ Chor-bdlu, s.f. H. A quick- 

j^ii^jjA. Chor-chakar, s, in, h. A 


( 212 ) 


^^jj^ Chor-khatia, s. m. h. p. 

By-room, concealed drawer. 
^yj'j'^J^'^ Chor-darwaza, s. m. h. 

p. Trap- door. 
j^Zjy^ Chor-dhor;, 5. m. h. Plain- 
tiff and defendant ; all the parties of 
a law- suit ; a thief and what he has 
\j^j)y^ Chor-zatnin, s. h. p. A 

quagmire, bog. 
^J^J^^ Chauras, a. h. Level, even. 

Chauras-and, To level. 
^L$jjA. Chaurasai, s. f. h. Level- 

ness, evenness. 
^Jxwji^ Chor-sirhi, s.f. H. Back- 
t/J*Oj^ Chor-khirki, s. f. h. 

Back-door, by-door. 
^^^J}^ Chor-gali, s. f. h. By-road, 

Uj^a. Churma, s. m. h. A sweet- 
meat made of sugar and crumbs. 
O-si^jj^ Chor-mahall, s. m. h. a. 
The apartments of the concubines of 
great men. 
I;j«xvcj^ Chor-mandura, s. m. ri. 

A game played by children. 
{.^^^jy^ Chor-mahichni, s.f. h. 

Hide and seek. 
^hy^ Churna, v. a. s. To reduce 
to very small pieces or atoms. 

^Jj^ Chaurang, *. m. s. A prac- 
tice of the sword-exercise ; cutting 
off the four legs of an animal at one 
blow. Ch. mdrnd. To lose the use 
of the limbs by illness. 

ijjy^ Chori, s.f. s. Theft, rogue- 
ry, stealth. Ch.-chori, adv. By stealth, 

ySjy^ Churi, s. f. H. I. A bread 
rich with ghee. 2. A bracelet. SeeChuri. 

^Jj^ Chaura, a. h. Wide, broad. 
Ch.-chakld, a. Extensive. 

'j>*- Chura, or Chur, s. m. s. 1. 

The rings fastened to elephant's 
teeth. 2. A kind of ornament. 3. A 
kind of food made of parched rice. 
cjlj^*- Chauran, s. h. Width. 
^^jy^ Chaurana, v. a. h. To in- 
crease in breadth, expand, widen, 
j^jjjja. Chaurai, s.f. h. 1. Breadth, 
extension. 2. Boasting. Ch. mdrnd, 
or karnd. To boast, to give one's self 

LSJy^ Chun, *. /. s. B angles or 
rings made of glass, &c., and worn on 
the wrist. Ch.-ddr, Drawers or 
sleeves made too long, so as to be 
crumpled into plaits. 

jj^ Chiiz, *. m. p. A young havrk 
under a year old ; a hawk that has 
not hunted. 

«3^ Chuza, s. m. p. A chicken, 
a young bird. Chuza-bdz, s. f. p. 
An old woman who keeps a young 
gallant; an old woman fond of strip- 
lings (chicken-fancier). 

*«**»>^ Chausath, a. s. Sixty-four. 

l>-»j^ Chusna, v. a. s. To suck. 

ij"*j^ Chusni, s. f. s. Child's 
coral, a sucking-stick for children. 

iJ^ Chauk, s. m. h. A market, 
square of a city, court-yard ; a square 
place filled at marriages and on other 
occasions of rejoicing with sweetmeats, 
which after certain ceremonies are 
distributed. Ch.-paUa, A seat on 
which people sit and eat in the chauk. 

^j^ Chuk, s. f. H. An error, 
fault, inadvertency, blunder, mistake. 

^J^ Chiik, a. s. Sour, acid. 

^ Chauka, s. m. h. 1. The 
space in which Hindus sit and eat 
their victuals. 2. A square slab of 
marble, &c. 3. A square piece of 
ground. 4. The four front teeth. 5. 
The cube of a measure called Bans. 

^j^ Chuka, s. m. s. A kind of 

{ 213 ) 

«M|^ Chaukatj s.m. s. See »2*«0^' 
jO^ Chokar, s. m. a. Husk of 

wheat, bran. 
!jO^ Chau-kara, s. m. s. See 

Chau-kari, 2. 

(^j^ji^ Chau-kari, s. f. h. 1. A 
bound, spring. 2. A ring of two pearls 
worn by men in the ears. 

U(^ Chukna, v. n. n. To blun- 
der, mistake, err. 

^j^y^ Chau-kona, a. s. Four-cor- 
nered, square. 

*40^ Chokh, or Chukh, *. m. h. 
A medicine. Orris or Iris root. 

&^^ Chaukhat, s. m. s. Frame 
of a door; the upper and lower piece 
of the frame of a door. 

^Jy^ Chauki, s. f. ii. 1. A frame 
to sit on, a stool. 2. Guard or watch. 
3. The post where a guard is station- 
ed. 4. An ornament worn on the 
breast. Ch. mdrnd, To smuggle. 

jIaaS^ Chauki-dar, a. h. p. Keep- 
ing guard, s. m. A watchman. 

LSj^'^j^ Chauki-dari, s. f. h. p. 
1. The business of a watchman. 2. 
The pay or hire of a watchman. 

(f>^ Choga, s. m. h. Food of 
birds (particularly of birds brought 
up from the crop). Ch. badalnd. 
To bill, to caress as doves by joining 

K^^yx. Chaugan, s. m. v. I . A 
game resembling cricket or tennis, 
but played on horseback. 2. The 
bat or club with which the game is 

*j'C^^ Chau-gana, a, s. Quadru- 
ple, four-fold. [sides. 

^Jj^ Chau-girdj adv. s. p. On all 
^y^ Chau-guna, a. s. Four-fold. 
*r>W Chau-gosha, a. s. p. Four- 
cornered, square, s. A kind of ob- 
long tray. 

t5^Jv^ Chau-goshi, s. f. s. p. An 
animal whose ears are slit (particu- 
larly a horse : such is generally taught 
to amble). 

^^^J^ Chau-goshiya, s. m. s. p. 
A Turki horse ; a horse with slit ears, 
V. s. 

Lr*^'^ Chau-ghara, s. m. s. A small 
box with four partitions for holding 

J^a. Chul, s. f. H. 1. A tenon; 
the part of joiner's work that fits into 
another, dovetail, &c. 2. A pivot upon 
which a door turns as on a hinge. 3. 
An axle-tree arm. Chulen ukharnd, 
or dhili hond, To be tired or worn 
out with labour. 

^5/jA. Chaulai, s. f. h. A vegeta- 
ble (Amaranthus polygamus). 

'j^^ Chau-lara,m. -lari,/. *. s. A 
necklace of four strings. 

l^a. Chulha, s. m. Chulhi, s. f, 
s. A fire-place. 

^y^ Choli, s. f. s. A bodice, body 
of a gown, waistcoat, jacket. 

U^, Chuma, s. m. s. A kiss. Ch. 
chdti, s.f. Dalliance. 

^i^s^^A. Chau-mahalla, a. s. a. 
Four-storied (a house). 

*4^j^ Chau-mukh, and -mukha, 
*. m. s. A lamp-stand with four par- 
titions, a. Having four burners (a 
lamj)), four-faced, having four faces. 

f^g^j^ Chau-mukhi, s.f. s. 1. 
Name of a Hindu goddess. 2. Seed 
of a tree (Scaevola lobelia), a. Four- 
faced, having four faces. 

lix^A. Chumna, v. a. s. To kiss. 

Uri^^a. Chau-mekha, h. Tying the 

elbows behind. 
iDjt^ Chvin, adv. p. Like, as, when. 
^i)jA. Chun, *. m. s. Flour; lime. 
uj^ Chauwan, a. s. Fifty-four. 


( 214 ) 


IJ^ Chuna, V. n. s. To leak, to 

be distilled or filtered. 2. To drop 
from the tree when ripe. *. m. Lime. 
Ch.-pazni, s. f. A dancinpr-girl. Ch. 
lagdnd, To defame. 

cJ>%^ t^^ Chun-i-be-chigun, a. 
p. Without likeness, incomparable (an 
epithet of the Deity). 

Y^j^ Chomp, 5. /. H. A gold or- 
nament worn on the front teeth. 

tv^.>a. Chonthna, v. a. h. To 
scratch, to claw. 

^y^ Chunta, s. m, A large ant. 

IGj^ Chontla, s. m. n. The rib- 
bon with which hair is tied or braid- 
ed at the end ; the cue or lock of hair 
behind : false hair mixed with real. 

liXJ^A- Chuntna, v. a.u. To gather 
(a flower), to pinch. 

^J^y^ Chonti, s. f. s. 1. The hair 
braided behind (tail), cue, top, apex, 
summit, pinnacle. 2. An ornament 
worn on the head by women. Ch. 
dsmdn par ghisnd. To be very vain or 
aspiring. Ch.-kat, A slave. Ch. kat- 
wdnd. To be a slave, to be obedient. 
Ch. kisi hi hath men and, To have a 
power over one, to subdue. [ant. 

^J^J^ Chunti, s. f. h. A small 

^j^ Chonch, s. f. s. Beak, bill. 

!>^>a. Chun-chara, s. p. Wrang- 
ling, altercation. 

i^j^ Chunchi, s.f. s. See t5t■-^^• 
Ui>.i_ja. Chundha, "I a. h. ' Pur- 
iU^j^ Chondhla,j blind, dim- 
sighted, dim. 
IJiU^j^^ Chondhlana, v. n. h . To 
be purblind. 

(^•^^^Chondhi, *. /. h. Dimness, 

dullness of sight. 

iSj^j^ Chaunri, s. /. s. An instru- 
ment for driving away flies, flyflap* 

'^j^ Chaunk, s. f. h. The act of 

L^>^ Chaunkna, v. n. h. To start, 
boggle, start up from sleep. Chaunk- 
vthna, To start, wince. Chaunk- 
parni, To bounce, start up. 

^y^ Chaunga, s. m. Chaungi, 
s.f. H. Wheedhng. 

^y^ Chonga, s. m. h. A funnel. 

^j^ Chongla, s. m. h. A joint 
of bamboo used to send letters in. 

iJ^j^ Chungi, *. /. H. Toll, tax. 

i^y^ Chuni, s. f. H. 1 . Pulse 
split or very coarsely ground- 2. A 
spark ; a small ruby or other gem. 

^J^ Chuha, s. m. h. A rat, a 
mouse. Chuhe-ddn, s- m. A mouse- 
trap. Chuhe-mdr, A sparrow-hawk, 
cormorant, mouser. 

J^J^ Chauhattar, a. s. Seventy- 

l^^ Chau-hatta, s. m. s. A place 
where four streets meet. 

Ly*y^ Ciiuhra, s. m. h. A Hindu 

L5*>^ Chuhi, s. f. H. A mouse. 
See Chuha. 

*A. Chah, s. m. p. A well. 

*»> Chi, pj'. interrog. p. What ? 
which, what; as because (when pre- 
fixed the final h is dropped : see 
Chiguna, &c.) 

*^ Cha, particle, v. AflSxed to 
various nouns to form diminutives, as 
ku-cha, a little street from ku .- some- 
times t is inserted between it and the 
word, as Bdghicha from Bdgh. 

^ Chha, a. s. Six. Chha-sdt, 
Juggle, trick. 

^k^ Chhap, s. f. H. Stamp, 
print, copy, seal, impression. 

'j^a. Chhapa, s. m. h. Edition, 
print, seal, &c. Chhdpe-khdna, Print- 
ing-office. Chhdpe-ddr, Printer. 


( 215 ) 


Lul^A. Chhapna, V. a. h. To print, 

cijt^A. Chhat, *. /. s. A roof. 

Olga. Chhata, s. m, s. A large 

j^LgA. Chhati, *. /. s. An umbrella. 

^Jl%A. Chhiix, s.f. H. Breast, dug. 
Chh.-bhar, Breast-high. Chh.-bhar 
dnd, To weep. Chh.-bhar jdnd, To 
be chest-foundered. Chh. par pat- 
<Aar T-fl^Aracf, To have patience. Chh. 
phatni, To break the heart with grief 
or sorrow, to sympathize. Chh. pit- 
nd, To regret, repent, lament. Chh, 
thoknd. To encourage, assure. Chh. 
thandi hond. To be pleased or over- 
joyed. Chh. jalnd, 1. To have the 
heartburn. 2. To lament. Chh. kd 
patthar, Nuisance, pest. Chh. kholke 
milnd, To meet frankly. Chh.gadrd' 
ni, The breast to swell (in young 
women). Chh. lagdnd, To lament, to 
grieve; to fondle. Chh. se lagdnd. 
To fondle. Chh. nikdlke chalnd, To 
stalk, to strut. 

2^A. Chhaj, n *. m. h. A kind of 

gLffA. Chhach,J basket used in 
winnowing or clearing grain. 

*«^l*^ Chhachh, s. f. h. Butter- 

c>'i'-«^ Chha-dan, *. h. p. A water- 

.l^a. Chahar, a. p. Four. Ch- 
chand, a. Four-fold. Ch. bdlish,s. m. 
Throne (Indian) with four cushions 
Ch.-sii, A square, market-place. 

<Sij\^ Chalidr-tag, or -tak, s. m. 
p. Gallop. 

(V'rt- Chaharum, a. p. The fourth. 
jjl«-a» Chharii, *. m. h. The thrush 

(disease), blister. 
jl^A. Chhar, s. f. h. Bank of a 

river. Chhdr-chiUhi, s. f. A permit, 

a pass. 

J 14a. Chhal, s. f. s. Peel, skin, 

rind, bark. 
i'U*' Chhala, 5. m. s. A blister, 

pustule, pimple, skin, 
e^l^ Chhan, s. f. s. A roof, a 

frame of bamboo for thatching. 
LiW^ Chhana, v. a. s. To thatch, 

shade, cover, roof, spread. Chhd- 

jdnd, To spread, to lie. Chhd-lend, 

To cloud, overspread, darken. 
oJ^a. Chhant, s.f. h. 1. Refuse, 

parings, &c. 2. Selection, fashion of 

clothes. Chh. karnd, To vomit. Chh. 

lend, To elect. Chh.-chhatdo, s. m. 

^^l^a. Chhantan, s.f. h. Cutting, 

slip, chip. 
[i^\^^ Chhantna, v. «. h. 1. To 

separate the husk from grain by 

pounding. 2. To pare, clip, prune, 

lop, trim, dress, select. 3. To vomit. 
Uil^A. Chhanna, v. a. u. To strain, 

sift, search. Chhdn-lend, To cull, 

select. Chhdn-mdrnd, To search, 

yU^ Chhan ve, -^ s. f. s. Shade, 
V*^^ Chhanh, L shadow ; the 
cyU-a. Chhaon, J reflection of 

any object in a mirror. Chhdjth'bduh, 

s.f. Auspices. 
Ij^il^a. Chhanhara, a. s, h. Shady, 

cs-yk^ Chhanwe,a. s. Ninety-six. 
Gjl^ Chhaoiia, v. a. s. See 


j_jjjLga. Chhaoni, s. f. s. 1. Can- 
tonments ; barracks or huts for sol- 
diers. 2. Thatching or the art of 

ti^i^l^ Chhahin, or Chhain, *./. s. 
Discoloration, freckle. 

iJ^ Chhai, s. f. s. Ashes. 
Ul^a. Chhaya, s. in. s. 1. Appari- 
tion, spectre. 2. Shade. 

( 216 ) 

&f^t^ Chah-bachcha, s. m. p. A 

vat, cistern. 

U'*>:i*^ Chhabbis, a. s. Twenty- 
•■A^A. Chhipa, a. h. Close,, hidden, 
concealed. Ch. rahnd, To abscond. 
Ch.-chhipi, adv. Underhand, secretly. 

UU^ Chhipana, or Chhapana, v. 
a. H. To conceal, hide. 

IjIa^a. Chhapana, v. a. h. To cause 
to print, &c. [raent. 

j4*^ Chhipao, s. m. a. Conceal- 

^U^aw Chhapai, s. f. h. Edition, 
price or act of printing. 

,j^^ Chhappar, s. m.ii. A thatch- 
ed roof. Chh-hand, s. m. A thatcher. 
Chh.-bandi, s.f. Thatching. 

*5*«{,y^«A. Chhappar-khat, *. m. s. 
A bedstead with curtains. 

iJ'^-^^ Chhipkali, "I 5./. h. A li- 

i,/^^ Chhipki, J zard. 

t^A^A. Chhappan, a. s. Fifty-six. 

ti^^A. Chhapna, or Chhipna, v. n. 
H. To be concealed, hidden, absent; 
to disappear, lurk, lie hid. Chhip- 
jdnd, To retire, withdraw. 

Lka^ Chhapna, v. n, h. To be 

vSa^a. Chhat, s.f. s. A roof, a cloth 
stretched across the roof of a room, 
a platform. Chh. bandnd, pdtnd, or 
lagdnd. To ceil, to cover the inner 
roof of a building. 

jH^ Chhattar, or Chhatr, s. m. s. 
An umbrella. 

Ol^i^A. Chhitrana, v. a. h. To 
scatter, to spread. 

</-H^ Chhatri, 5./. s. 1. A tes- 
ter, a small umbrella. 2. A bamboo 
frame for pigeons to settle on. 3. 
s. TO. The second of the four Hindu 

(j>»Ai«a. Chhattis, a. s. Thirty-six. 

*2a4a. Chhut, s. (Inconip.) Little, 

small, adv. But, except, save. 
'Jl^^*^ Chhatpatdna, v. n. h. To 

toss, to tumble about. 
<^l>«^ Chhatank, s.f. s. The six- 
teenth part of a seer; two ounces. 
i^^A. Chhat-pan, or -pana, s. m. 

s. Childhood. 
'j^^H^ Chhut-kara, s. vn. s. Li- 
beration, disengagement, exemption. 
Ij^^lga. Chhitkana, v. a. h. To dis- 
sipate, disperse, scatter, squirt, de- 
GKIja. Chhutkana, v. a. s. To re- 
lieve, to set at liberty. 
li^4;>. Chhitakna, v. n. h. To be 

scattered, dissipated; to spread. 
j_^xl^ Chhitki, s. f. H. Small 
shot, speck. Clih. dend, To flicker, 
spot, mark with strokes or touches. 
Chh. ddlnd, To splash. Chh. kamd, 
or lagdnd, To speck, &c. 
^J'M^ Chhutna, v. n. s. To be 
adrift, discharged, liberated, got rid 
of; to escape; to be loose, to be dis- 
hevelled (the hair). Chhatnd, \. v. n. 
To decay, to separate, to be pruned, 
to be picked out. 2. s. m. X kind of 
yj^i^ Chhutti, s. f. s. Discharge, 
leave ; time, leisure, disengagement, 
cessation; freedom, permission. 
It^t^ Chahchaha, s. m. p. The 
song of a bird. Chahchahe mdrnd> 
To sing (birds). 
Ul^«1:^ Chahchahana, v. a. p. h. 
To sing (as a nightingale), to whistle, 
to warble (birds). 
>2*Jkl^^irv' Chahchahahat, s. f. p. h. 

The singing or talking of birds, 
fj^i^ Chhichhra, *. m. h. The 

^i«W Chhichhla, a. h. Shallow. 
jy'%?«^ Chhichhlai, *./. h. Shal- 

( 217 ) 


J^:^^ Chhichhli, s. f. 11. The 
play of ducks and drakes. 

j^ij^^'^ Chhuchhundar, s. f. s. 
Musk-rat, mole (Sorex coerulescens). 
Chh. chhornd, To backbite, calumni- 
ate, excite resentment. 

L^act-?' Chahchahiya, s. in. h. A 

lifo^ Chhidaiia, v. a. s. To cause 
to pierce, to perforate. 

lj«>.^ Chhidna, v. n. s. To be 
pierced or bored. 

j^ Chhar, *. /. h. 1. Spikenard. 
2. Shaft, pole, pike, staflF, flag. 

l^«a. Chharra, s.m. h. Small shot. 

[;«*. Chhura, s. m. s. A large 
knife, a razor. Chh.-chhuri, s. f. 
Snick and snee; playing with knives. 

»j^^ Chihra, s. m. v. 1. Face, 
visage, countenance, air. 2. Descrip- 
tion roll. Ch. likhnd, To write a de • 
scription roll (soldier's), Ch. likhd- 
nd, 1. To enlist. 2. To take service 
and horses. 

iSji'^ Chhuri, s. /. s. A knife. 
Chh. tale dam lend. To be patient in 
difficulties. Chh.-katdri, s. f. See 
Chhura-chhuri, under Chhura. 

j«a. Chhar, s.f. H. See^;*^. 

\j^^ Chhara, a. s. Alone. 

ljij^«^ Chhurana, v. a. s. To set 
free, deliver, dismiss, separate, ex- 

•i'J*^ Chhuravva, s. m. s. Deli- 
verer, liberator. 

lj|^4A. Chhirkana, v. a. h. To 
cause to sprinkle. 

j^O*^ Chhirkao, s. m. H. Sprink- 
ling, watering. 

^ji^ Chhirakna, v. a. ii. To 
sprinkle. Chhirak-kar bechnd, I. To 
sprinkle water on stale or faded vege- 
ebltas or fruits to make them appear 
fresh. 2. To puflf off goods. 
2 E 

IJiyij^}*. Chhirakwana, v. a. n. To 
cause to sprinkle. 

ljj«^ Chharna, v. a. s. To beat 
rice, to separate the husk from it- 

^J¥^ Chhirna, v. n. h. To be 
touched, excited, played on, vexed. 

Lil^jj^ Chliurwana, v. a. s. To 
cause to let go or set free. 

i^Jj^ Chhurauti, s. f. s. Ran- 

iSj^ Chhari, s.f. a. 1 . A switch, 
a wand. 2. A procession of the fol- 
lowers of Shah Madar. 

^ Chhakka, s. m. s. 1. The 
sixth (at cards, &c.) 2. A cage with a 
net attached to it. Chh. panja karnd, 
To deceive, to play tricks. 

j^^ Chahkar, s. f. h. Singing 
or talk of birds. 

Ux^A. Chahakna, v. n. h. To whis- 
tle (as birds). 

isA^^ Chhagri, s. f. s. A small 
goat. [coral. 

iJ-^4^ Chhaguni, s. f. s. Child's 

J«a» Chhal, s. m. s. Fraud, trick, 
deception, knavery, artifice, evasion, 
excuse, subterfuge, pretence. Chhal- 
bal, s. m. Force and fraud, strata- 
gem, &c. 

J^^ Chihal,or Chihil, a. p. Forty. 

J^ Chuhal, s. f. H. 1. Cheer, 
mirth, jollity, festivity. 2. Mention. 

il^ Chihia, *. m. H. 1. Mud, 
ooze, slime. 2. A splinter of wood. 
Ch. nikalnd. To fatigue, to be tired. 
Ch. karnd, To split to pieces. 

^^ Chuhld, s. m. H. A large 
wooden peg, a tent pin. 

il^A. Chhalla, *. m. h. A ring 
(ornamental). Chhalle-ddr, Annular. 

t-^iH^A. Chhalang, s. f. ii. See 

Ij^». Chhalawa, s, m. s. Ignis 

( 218 ) • 

*U^ Chihal-tah, 5. /. p. A coat 

of mail. 

^^yuJ^ft. Chihal-satun, n, pr. p. 

^xti.ftl^ Chihal-qadmi, «. /. P. 1. 
Walk, ramble. 2. A custom at the 
funerals of Musalmans of stepping 
back forty paces from the grave and 
again advancing to it before reading 
over the funeral service. 

«^i«^ Chhalak, s. f. s. Running 

'^^ Chhilka, s. m. h. Crust, 
husk, shell, peel, scale, rind, bark, 
skin. Chh. utarni, To blanch; peel. 

Ij^Uf- Chhalkana, v. a. s. To spill. 

vixl^a. Chhalakna, v. n. s. To be 
spilt, to overflow. 

J-^A. Chihlum, a. p. Fortietli, the 
fortieth day (of mourning, &c.) 

jlij.^a. Chihal-manar, n. pr. p. 

IJ^«^ Chhilna, v. w. h. To be ex- 
coriated. Chhalnd, v. a. s. To deceive, 
cheat, evade. 

•-S^^A^^ Chhalang, s. f. h. Skip- 
pingj jumping, a spring, a skip. 
Chhalangen mdrnd. To spring, to 
skip. [skip 

•^1^^ Chhalangiia, v. n. h. To 

ij^h^ Chhalni, s. /. h. A sieve, a. 

IfJ-t^ Chihlaha, a. ii. Splashy, 
muddy, slimy. 

iJ^ Chhali, or Chhaliya, a. s. 
Deceitful, fraudulent, perfidious. 

lifA. Chahna, v. a. s. See Chahna. 

lA^a. Chhanna, v. n. h. To be 
strained, s. A seive, a strainer. 

JU«a. Chhinal, *. /. h. A harlot, 
prostitute. Chh.-pan, or-pand. Har- 
lotry, prostitution. 

ilu^ Chhinala, s. m. h. Forni- 
cation. Chh. kamd, To whore. 

(jli^a. Chhinana, v. a. h. To seize, 
snatch, &c. See Chhinnu. 

^tigA. Chhinao, s. m. h. Seizure. 
jlli-^a. Chhantao, s. m. h. Beat- 
ing rice to clear it from the husk. 2. 
A detachment on forage. 

(_^Ui4^ Chhantai s. f. h. Clean- 
ing rice ; the price paid for cleaning. 

^ ^ v vg a> Chhantna, v. n. h. To be 
cleaned (as rice), to be extracted or 
separated ; to diminish, to grow thin. 

Gl^^i^a. Chhantwana, v. n. h. To 
cause to clean rice. 

IJl-H^f^^fi^ Chhanchhanana, v. n. h. 
1. To simmer. 2. To sound. 3. To 
smart, to pain. 

GKxjA. Chhankana, v. a. h. To 
concentrate, to cause to strain. 

IJ^^ Chhinkana,or Chhinkvvana, 
V, a. H. To cause to stop, to cause to 
seize, to cancel, to strike ont. 

ojfcKx^ Chhankahat, s,f. h. Con- 
centration, causing to strain. 

•^^H^ Chhinakna, v. a. h. To 
winnow, to sift. v. n. To go away 

^i^^ Chhinguli, 1 s. f. s. The 

Lxi.^j.«a. Chhungliya, J little finger. 

^H^ Chhinala, s. m. h. Fornica- 

'^!y^ Chhinwana, v. a. h. To 
cause to snatch. 

ty^-Hf Chhanhai, s. f. s. Shadi- 

lj|^4^ Chhuana, v. a. h. To cause 
to touch or feel. 

[^4^ Chhoa, s. m. h. Treacle. 

w^^A. Chhop, *. m. H. A coat of 
paint. Chh.-chhdp karnd. To shuffle 
up ; to plaster or repair a wall, &c. 

VijjAa. Chhopna, v. a. h. To fill 
up, to shut, to paint, to die. 

«i»>«A. Chhut, s.f. H. Defilement, 
contamination ; touch. 


( 219 ) 

&^«a. Chhut, *. /. s. 1. Remis- 
sion, leavinj?. 2. Striking oft*-hand, 
or playing loose in fencing. 3. Giv- 
ing money oft-hand to jugglers, &c. 
at intertainments. 

iJj^A. Chhota, a. s. Little. Chh.- 
bard, a. Varied, variegated, various, 
great and small. 

4_5lj^4A. Chhotai, S. f. S. Little- 
ness, smallness. 

lij^«^ Chhutna, v. n. s. To escape, 
get loose, cease, leave, remain, slip 
away, be discharged or dismissed. 

\jj^ Chhora, -^ s. m. s. Re- 

^ijj^^A. Chhorao, L lease, omis- 

ijij^^A. Chhorawa,J sion, leav- 
ing, sparing, letting go. 

ljj^§^ Chhorna, v. a. s. To let go, 
emit, forsake, desert, loose, omit; 
forgive, pardon ; release ; shoot ; aban« 
don ; spare; abstain ; breathe. 

l>0«-^ Chhokra, s. m. h. A boy. 
is^j^ Clihokri, *. /. h. A girl. 
,j(^«A. Chhuki, *. /. H. A gnat. 
liJ^^A. Chholna, v. a. ii. To pare, 

to scrape. 
jjjJ^^a. Chholni, s.f. H. A scraper, 
ei^^ Chahiin, a. s. Four. Chhon, 

pi. of Chha, The six. 
IJ>«A. Chhuna, v. a. ii. To touch, 

meddle with, feel, 
^jj^ij. Chhauni, s. f. s. Barracks, 

iS^^ Chhui, s.f. II. Chalk. 
k^^ Chhawaiya, s. m. h. A 


'j't*^ Chhuhara, s. m. n. K date 

(Phoenix dactylifera). 
£j,l^4A. Chhuhawat, 5./. H.Touch. 
^i^a. Chhiliattar, a, s. Seventy- 
j^A. Chhai, s. f. s. A thatched 
roof on a boat; a stuffed pad to pre- 
2 E 2 

vent buUccks from being hurt when 

^'^ Chhi, inierj. h. Tush, tut, fy. 

lj;4J»- Chhaiya, s. s. Shadow. 

aL«U^^ Chhiyasath, a. s. Sixty- 

(.5*»'^i«^ Chhiyasi, a. s. Eighty-six. 

o*^'i4^ Chhiyalis, a. s. Forty-six. 

Lsy^^:^ Chhiyanawvve, adj. s. 

yi«A. Chhip, *. /. H. Discolora- 
tion or spot. 2. Fishing rod. 3. The 
act of pushing with the horn. 

LvA^A. Chhipiia, v. a. ii. 1 . To print 
cloths. 2. To push with the horn 
(as a buffalo). 3. To draw up the 
rod in fishing. 

,_5^«A. Chhipi, s. m. ii. A cloth 

o-k^A. Chhit, *. /. H. Spot, splash, 

Lxw^ Chhitna, v. a. h. To scat- 
ter, to sprinkle. 

U^si*^ Chhijna, v. n. h. To de- 
crease, pine away. 

lj«»Hi4^ Chhichhra, *. m. The 
skinny and rejected part of meat, a 
piece of flesh. Chh. chhichhra karnd. 
To tear in pieces. 

«xx«^ Chhed, s. m. s. A hole, an 

LJoo^a. Chhednd, v. a. s. To pierce, 

jJi*^ Chher, s. f. h. The act of 
irritating, &c. See Chhernd. 

Gj*«A. Chherna, v. a. h. To irri- 
tate, vex, fret, abuse, trouble; to 
touch, handle, stir up ; to interrupt ; 
to play on a musical instrument. 

er^Jf**. Chhilan, s.f. H. Parings. 

UIa^ Chhilna, v. a. h. To peel, 
skin, pare, excoriate, scrape, erase. 
Chh.-chhdlnii or ChkU'chhal karnd. 
To pare, peel, &c, 


( 220 


f^j^S^^A. Chhemankari, s. f. s. A 
sort of kite (Falco ponticerianus). 

,^^■8^. Chhimi, s, f. h. A pod, 
legume, husk. 

Uk^ Chhena, s. m. h. 1. Curd. 
2. A kind of small cymbal. 

L4*a. Chhinna, v. a. h. To pull, 
tear, pluck, rob, snatch. Chh.-chha- 
ni karna, To scramble. Chhin-lend, 
To snatch up, seize, acquire, take 
possession of. 

ciAAj^a. Chhint, s.f. H. Chintz. 

l^j-i*^ Chhinta, s. m. h. Shot, 
spot, splash. ChJi. mdrnd, To sprin- 

t-^H*-^ Chhinchna, v. a. s. To 
throw out water. 

tsUjj4a. Chhink, s.f. n. Sneezing, 
a sneeze. 

t£lli4A. Chhenk, s. f. h. Confisca- 
tion, sequestration of goods. Chh.- 
lena, v, a. To confiscate. 

^^H«-^ Chhenkao, s. m. n. v. s. 

U^^*- Chhenkna, v. a. h. To 
detain, prevent, stop, restrain. 

lj->^ij^ Chhmkna, v. n. s. To 

•i^^^^ Chhenkwaiya, s. m. h. A 

t^jj^ Chheni, *./. s. See Chheo- 

k?^^ Chheona, v. a. s. To pierce 
or bleed a Tdr tree, to extract tdri j 
to mark. 

ijj^^ Chheoni, s. f. s. A chisel, 
punch, piercer. 

*^^*^ Chepna, v. a. h. To stick 

vSHi^ Chait, 5. m. H. The name of 
the twelfth Hindu month (March- 

{ii^ Chita, s. m. s. 1. The hunt- 
ing leopard (Felis jubata). 2. A me- 
dicinal plant (Plumbago Zeylanica). 

liiU^ Chetna, v. a. s. To remem 
ber, think of, reflect, be aware of. 

vSLjH;^ Chechak, s.f. t. The small 

iria. Chikh, 5. /. s. A scream, 
screech. Ch. mdrnd, To scream, 
screech, cry. 

ilsir^ Chikhna, v. n. s. To roar, 

jj<ijja. Chida, p. p. p. Gathered, 

picked, select. 
^■j!^ Chir, s. m. s. 1. Rent, slit, 
strip. 2. Attire. 3. Tearing, rend- 
ing, splitting, slitting. G/e. nikalnd^ 
To break through troops. 

I^AA. Chira, s. m. s. 1. Incision, 
cut, wound, slit. 2. Maidenhead, 
virginity. Ch. utdrnd, To deflower. 
Ch.-band, A virgin. 

l^ri^ Chirna, v. a. s. To rend, 
tear, split, slit, cleave, harrow. 

Xj^ Chira, a. p. Powerful, bold, 

J^*^ Chiz, s. f. p. Thing, com- 

vi*~j>i^ Chiz-bast, s. f. p. Chat- 
tels, baggage, furniture. 

e)Vi-»J:a. Chistan, *. m. p. An enig- 
ma, a riddle. 

'^i^ Chik, 
jJ^j^ Chikar 
A^XiA. Chikh, s. f. s. See ^-i*'. 
li^xa. Chikhna, v. a. s. 1. To 
taste. 2. To roar, scream. 

j^'^ Cliikhur, s. m. h. A squir- 
t% Chil, s. /. s. A kite (Falco 

j«Aj^ Chilhar, s.f. h. A louse. 
ti^i^ Chain, s. m. ii. 1. Ease 
relief, repose, tranquillity. 2. Deny- 
ing a bet in gaming, imposture. 
u*f Chin, p. a. p. (in conip.) 


. Mud, slime. 

( 221 ) 

Gathering, picking, collecting ; ga- 
therer, &c. 

tHt^ Cliin, s.f. P. 1. Fold, plait, 
wrinkle. 2. s. m. China. Ch. abrii 
hond, or Ch. ba-jabin hond, To frown. 
Ch. par chin hond, To become wrin- 
kled from fat. Ch. ^.dlnd. To crease. 
Ch. lend. To crumple. Ch. mdnnd, 
To acquiesce or submit to blame or 

UiA. Chena, s. m. ii. Millet (Pa- 
nicum italicum). 

L-*Aj[^ Chemp, s. m. h. The acrid 
resin of fruits and trees. 

U^iija. Chiiithna, v. n. h. To be 
bruised by being trod upon. 

iJ'Hf- Chinti, s. f. H. A small 

Ij^^^jo^^yAA. Chen-chen karna,r. n. 
H. To chatter, chirp, murmur, grum- 


Chenchij s. /. h. A needle- 

j^ixa. Chiui, s f. H. Coarse sugar 
(from Chin, China). 

t^i-^». Chilli, a. p. Belonging to 
or produced in China. 

Ijj^ Chyura, 5. m. s. Rice parch- 
ed in a certain mode and eaten raw. 

Uj^j;.a. Chyunta, s. m. n. Black 

J^J^ Chyunti, s. /. n. Diminu- 
tive of Chywitd, V. s. 

^ H., (Ha-i-muhmala or Hd-i- 
hutti) the sixth letter of the Arabic 
alphabet, does not occur in Persian, 
Sanskrit or Hindui, being one of the 
six guttural letters which arc peculiar 
to the Arabic. Its sound differs 
from that of the common h in being 
formed deej) in the throat. In Abjad, 
it stands for eight ; and in Astronomy 

it denotes the sign Sagittarius. It 
is sometimes interchangeable with 
the common h. 

(^Ia. liatim, s. m. a. 1. A judge. 2. 
A black crow. 3. The proper name 
of a liberal Arabian surnamed Tdi. 
4. ndj. Liberal, bountiful, generous. 

V^'^Hajib,*^. m. a.1. Adarvvan, 
porter, door-keeper, chamberlain. 2. 
A curtain, a skreen. 3. The eyebrow. 

oi.^La. Hajat,* s. f. a. 1. Need, 
want, necessity, poverty. 2. Hope, 
wish. H.-bardr, Producing what is 
wanting or desired. H. rafa karnd. 
To relieve one's necessities ; to go to 
the necessary. H.-inand, a. Necessit- 
ous, indigent; hoping, depending. ff.- 
rawdi, Obtaining one's wish or need. 

t^e-^Haji,* s,m. \.\. A pilgrim 
to Mecca. Hdjiyu-l-haramain, A pil- 
gtim to the Holy Cities (Mecca and 

.>La. riadd, a. a. Acrid, sharp, bit- 
ter, sour, ardent, fiery, poignant. 

'^<i^ Hadis, a. a. New, just ap- 
pearing. H. hond. To appear, to 
emerge; to happen. 

«j\3l*» Hadisa,* s. m. a. A novelty, 
incident, occurrence, event; a calami- 
ty, misfortune. 

{ji^s^ Hadiq, a. a. Ingenious, skil- 
ful, industrious. 

(3^^ Haziq, a. a. Ingenious, skil- 
ful, penetrating, intelligent, excelling. 

A«»lai. Hasid, a. Envious, s. m. a. 
An enemy. 

^l^ Ilasha, adv. a. 1. Besides. 2. 
A word of prohibition ; as, Hdshd 
Ulldh, interj. God forbid, by no means. ' 
Hdshd- ka and Hdshd-li-ka, Far be it 
from thee ! Hdshd-ka-lldh, God pre- 
serve thee from it ! 

4a^Ia, Hashiya,* s. m. a. 1. A 
margin, hem, border ; a marginal 
note. 2. People of inferior rank. 

( 222 ) 

(J^'-a. Hasil, s. m. a. I. Prudiice, 
product, result, profit. 2. Acquiring. 
3. Corn. 4. A tax, duty, custom, 
revenue. H.-i-bdzdr, s. m. Collec- 
tions or duties of a market. H.-i- 
zarb, The product of multiplication. 
H. karnd, 1. To acquire, get, gain 
produce. 2. To collect. 3. 'Jo learn, 
H.-i-kaldm, In short, briefly. H. 
hond. To be acquired. 
jji^ Hazir,* a. a. 1. Present, 
ready, willing, content. 2. The 
second person in Grammar. Hdzirin 
and Hdzirdn, 'Ihe persons present, the 
bystanders. H.-bdsh, Be ready! adj. 
Content; attendant. H.-bdshi, s. f. 
Constant attendance. H.-jawdb, a 
Pert, answering wittily. H.-jawdbi. 
s. f. Repartee. H. rahnd, To attend, 
wait on. H.-zdmin, s. m. Bail, secu- 
rity for the appearance of another, a 
bondsman. H-zdmini, s, f. The act 
of giving bail for another. H.-o-ndzir, 
a. Present and visible. H. hond. 
To be at hand or ready ; to consent. 

%Si[yo\A. Hazirat, s. f. a. Com- 
manding the appearance of or impri- 
soning demons, &c., raising the devil. 

^^\j*oKs^ Hazirati, s. f. a. The 
commanding of demons, &c. v. s. 

er^'^ Haziii, s. f. a. 1. Break- 
fast, desert- 2. Levee, audience, pre- 
sence, muster-roll. 3. An offering 
made to a saint. 

JaiiA. Hafiz, s. in. a. 1 . A guardian^ 
governor, preserver. 2. Having a 
good memory; one who has the 
Quran by heart. 3. The poetical 
name of a celebrated Persian poet 
(Muhammad Shamsuddln). 

A.tijLa. Hafiza, s. m. a. A retentive 

I»S'U. Hakim,* s. m. a. A ruler, 
governor, commander, master. 

j^t^ Hakimij s.f. a. Rule, com- i 
raand, office of governor. 

J la. Hal,* s. in. A. 1. State, con- 
dition. 2. Business, affair. 3. Pre- 
sent time, the present. 4. Ecstasy. 
Hdl and. To be inspired or thrown 
into ecstasies. Hdl-anki, adv. Where- 
as, though, yet, however, even, al- 
though, notwithstanding. Hdl-pursi, 
s.f. Inquiring after health. Hdl-kdl- 
ckalnd. To go iu haste or quickly. 
Hdl-be-hdl hond. To be altered from 
good to bad ; to be disordered. Hdl- 
sdl, This year. Hdl-shikasta, Ruin- 
ed, distressed, wretched. Hdl-o-qdl, 
State and condition. 

o^La. Ea\at, pi. o/Halat. 

^^ Halat,*.?. /. A. I. State, 
condition, circumstance, posture of 
one's affairs. 2. Case. 

l»JLsk. Halim, s. m. a. Cresses. 

^Ia. Hall, adj. A. I. Modern, new. 
2. adv. Present, now, soon. 3. Cur- 
rent (coin). 

(•l^ Ham, n.prop. a. Ham, son of 

tvol^ Hamid, s.m. a. A. praiser (of 
God), used as a name. 

(jcxjU. Hamiz, a, a. Sour. 

cl^Li. Hamil, s. m. a. A carrier, 
porter, bearer, adj. f. Pregnant. 
Hdmil-i-matan, A commentary an- 
nexed to the text. 

Ai«l*- Hamila, a.f. A. Pregnant. 

^^ Hami, s. m. a. A protector, 
defender. H. bharnd, To consent. 

vi^l^ Hanis, s. m. a. A perjurer. 

(^j^ Ha\vi,j9Gr/. act. a. Compre- 
hending, comprehender. 

lajVa. Halt, *. A. A wall. 

^^ Haik, s. m. a. A weaver. 

(Jjt^ Hill, part. act. a. Restrain- 
ing, intervening, s. m. Hindrance, ob- 
stacle, impediment ; preventer, hin- 
derer; shelter, defence, protection. 

Hubb, s.f. A, Love, affection. 


( 223 ) 


friendship. Hubb-ul-watan, Love of 
one's country ; patriotism. 

Habb,* s.f. 1. A. A berry, 
grain, fruit. 2. A pill. 

vl**- Habab, or Hubab, s. m. a. A 
Vjubble. H. uthnd, To bubble. 

^j>^ Hubabi, a. A. Of a bubble, 

' covered with bubbles, bubble-like. 
s. (In comp..) Bubbling, 

I JOA. Habbaza, interj. a. Excel- 
lent ! Bravo ! 

O^^ Habs, s. m. a. 1. Retention, 
imprisonment. 2. A prison. 3. A pri- 
soner. 4. A bank, mound, dam. 5. A 
pond, tank, reservoir. 

JjJ\fjaj^ Habsu-1-baul, s. m. a. 
A retention of urine, a strangury. 

j^AxJl^j*^ Habsu-n-nafas, a. Suf- 

j*.>j^fa. Habs-i-dam, a. p. Retain- 
ing the breath (as faqirs do as a reli- 
gious act) ; an asthma. 

^y-*k^ Habshani, s, f. a. h. A 

female Abyssinian. 
^^MJ^ Habshi, a. a. Abyssinian. 

s, A Caflfre. 
J-j^ Habl, 5. m. A. 1. A rope, cord. 

2. A league, alliance, compact. HabU 

ul-warid. The jugular vein. 
*AA. Habba, s. m. a. 1. One berry, 

grain, seed. 2. A particle, a part. 3. 

A measure equal to two barleycorns. 
»-^^ Habib,* a. a. Beloved, s. m. 

A lover, sweet-heart, mistress, friend. 

jjj^ Hatta, cow/, a. Until, up to, 
60 that, in such a manner, and thus. 
Hatta- l-maqdur, H.-l-imkdn, H.-l- 
wusq, adv. To the best of one's abili- 
Hajj, s. m. A. 1. Action of 


moving round or traveUing. 2. Pil- 
grimage (to Mecca). 
Is^ Ilijab,*. m, a. 1. Modesty, 
bashfulnci-s, shame. 2, A veil, a cur- 

tain. 3. Night. H. uthnd, v. n. To 
be lost (the sense of shame) ; to 
be removed. H.-chasnii, Sheep's- 
eyed. H. karnd, v. To cover, hide, 
conceal ; to shame. H. khdnd. To 

V^==^ Hajab, s. plur. of v^'^ 
Porters, door-keepers, &c. 

j^jls^ Hijabi, s. f. A. Conceal- 
ment, secrecy. 

jfs^ Hijazj n.prop. m. a. A pro- 
vince of Arabia on the Red Sea con- 
taining Mecca and Medina ; it cor- 
responds to Arabia Petrsea. 

(•l^ Hajjam, s. w. a. A cupper, 
scarifier, phlebotomist; a barber, 
shaver, chirurgeon. 

•^^^o^s^ Hajjamat, s.f. A.Cupping, 
bleeding, shaving, &c. v. s. 

Hajb, *. m. a. Interposing, 
secluding, excluding, fencing round. 
Hujjat, s.f. A. 1. An argu- 
ment, proof, reason. 2. Altercation, 

4^%^ Hujjati, s. m. a. 1. A sound 

reasoner. 2, A sophist, a wrangler. 
>s^ Hajar,* s. m. a. A stone. 
Hajaru-l-aswad, s. m. The black stone 
on the temple of Mecca. Hajaru-l- 
yahud, s. m. A calcareous stone used 
in medicine, Jew's stone (Helmin- 
tholithus echini). 

;i)l3^«^ Hajratan, Dual of jsr^ 
Gold and silver. 

ij^ Hujra, s. m. a. A cell, closet, 

*Ji«^ Hajla, s.m. A. 1. The female 
partridge. 2. 'i'he ornamented bride's 
chamber; the curtain which hangs 
before her; the marriage bed. 

f^eer^ Hajm, s. f. A. Thickness, 

Aa. Hadd,* *./.!. a. Boundary, 
limits, bounds, extreme, extremity. 
2. An impediment. 3. A definition. 

( 224 ) 

4. A starting post. 5. A fixed punish- 
ment (prescribable to the Muham- 
niadan law. Az hadd, Hadd-se, 
Hadd-se-qfzun, Hadd-se-ziydda, Be- 
yond bounds, extremely. Hadd bdndh- 
nd, To bound, to limit, to terminate. 
H. bhar karnd, To do one's best. H. 
karnd. To go to extremities, or be. 
yond bounds. H. mamd. To punish. 

il<X:*> Haddad, s. m. a. A black- 

e»«i^ Hiddat, s.f. a. 1. The edge 
of a sword. 2. Passion, vehemence, 
impetuosity, pregnancy, virulence. 

^4i>a. Hads, or Hadas, s. m.]. A 
recent event, a novelty, accident, con- 
tingency. 2. An accidental cause of 
impurity rendering ablution neces- 
sary, [invention. 

tLjtXa. Hudus, s. m, a. Novelty, 

,>jtXa. Hudud, s. plur. of <^^. 

^«i^ Hadis, s. m. or/, a. A histo- 
ry, a tradition ; the traditional sayings 
of Muhammad. 

iVJAa. Hadid, s. m. a. Iron. 

ALtVa. Hadiqa, s. m. a. A garden. 
j^ Hazar, s. m. a. Caution, pru- 
dence, fear. 

o<>^ Hazf, s. m. a. Taking away, 
ejecting, cutting off a letter or sylla- 
ble of a word, apocope. Hazf karnd, 
to omit, reject, contract, &c. 
js^ Hurr, a. a. Free, well born, of 
~ gentle birth. 

^!^ Hiraj, s. pi. of ^j^ a. 
Flocks of camels, thickets of trees. 

cyl^ Hararat, s. f. a. Heat, 
burning fever, warmth, zeal. H.-i-dini, 
s. f. Zeal ; fanaticism. H.-i-gharizi, 
s.f. [Natural heat. 

c—i^ Hirasat, s. f. a. Care, 
watching, guarding. H. karnd, To 
take care of, to govern. 

ol^ Harraf, a. a. Ingenious, cle- 
ver : pleasant, facetious. 

(•1^ Haram, a. a. Unlawful, for- 
bidden, prohibited, wrong, excluded, 
sacred. (It is the opposite of Haldl). 
H. rakhnd. To prohibit. H.-khor, 
s. m. One who lives on the wages of 
iniquity. H.-zdda,a. Unlawfully be- 
gotten, bastard, s. A rogue, rascal. 
H.-zddagi, s. f. Villainy, roguery. 
H.-zddagi karnd, To abuse, ill-treat ; 
to practise villainy. H.-maghz, Spinal 
marrow. H.-kdr, s. m, A fornicator, 
adulterer. H.-kdri, s.f. Forbidden 
acts, especially fornication and adul- 
ter}'. H. khdna, To receive the wages 
of iniquity. 

j_j/oi^ Harami, s. m. a. A robber 
an assassin. Hardmi-pilld, Bastard. 

i^i^ Harb, s. f. a. War, battle. 
Harh-gdh, s.f. Field of battle. 

lj_;^ Hirba, s. m, a. A chameleon. 

aj^a. Harba, s.m. a. Arms, warlike 

fj>j=>- Harbi, a. a. Warlike, relat- 
ing to war. s. A warrior. 

<t!j£^ Hars, s. m. a. Ploughing, 
cultivating, sowing ; a ploughshare. 

jjs^ Hirz, s. m. a. 1 . An amulet, a 
charm. 2. A fortification, an asylum, 
a place of refuge. 

u'j=^ Hirs, *. m. See ui**,j^. 

i^j^ Hirs, s. f. A, Eager desire, 
greediness, avidity, avarice, ambition. 

UUj«». Hirsaha, a. a. See ijf^.j^. 

^'Cjs^ Hirsi, a. a. Greedy, covet- 
ous, avaricious, ambitious. 

•J^a. Harf, * t *• »*• A. 1 . A letter 
of the alphabet. 2. A particle (in 
Grammar). 3. Inverting, changing, 
turning (as a coat). 4. A crooked 
pen. 5. Writing diagonally. 6. A 
margin, side. 7. A word. 8. The 
summit of a mountain. H. dnd. To 
become a bye-word, to incur infamy ; 
the approach of infamy. H. haithdU 
nd, or jamdnd, To compose for print- 

( 225 ) 

ing. H. par ungli rakhnd. To criti- 
cize. H.pakarnd, To censure, criti- 
cize. H. land, To asperse, defame^ 
blot, brand, blemish. H.-o-hikdyat, 
s. f. Disputing, conversing ; doubt- 

li^ \ij^ Harfan-harfan, adv. a. 
Letter by letter, syllable by syllable. 

llAlci^flfc. Harf-ashna, a. a. p. 
Being just able to read; knowing 
the letters. 

j\<yi\sjjs^ Harf-andaz, a. a. p. 
Cunning, artful. 

^^^I^JIojA. Harf-andazi, s.f. a. p. 
Cunning, artiiice, art. 

oJ^ Hirfat, *. /. a. 1. Trade, 
art, profession. 2 . Skill, ingenuity. 
■ cleverness, cunning. 

Oj^tiyA. Harf-i-tardid, *. a. Dis- 
junctive conjunction. 

Ajo-SJti^Harf-i-tashbih, s. a. The 
adverb of similitude. 

vJij^*3«J^ Harf-i-tdrif, s. a. The 

definite article. 
jiSJii^jA. Harf-i-tankir, s. a. The 
indefinite article. 

lyJiJ^ Harf-zan, a. a. p. Talk- 
ing, conversing. 

Js^o^ Harf-i-shart, s. a. Con- 
ditional conjunction. 

^jjflc^tJ^A. Harf-i-sahih, s. a. A 

c-JLp^^ Harf-i-illat, s. a. A long 
vowel {Alif, wau, or ye). 

yS^js^ Harf-gir, s. m. a. p. A cri- 
tick. Har/-5r»rf, «./. Criticism. 

^LwU(J,A. Harf-na-shinau, a. a. 
Not attending to advice, obstinate. 
Harf nd-shinaui, s f. Obstinacy, in- 
k attention to advice. 

*^jA. Hirfa, s. m. a. See '^'j^. 

^j'j^ Harfi, a. a. Literal, relat- 
ing to letters. 

oi^ HarakSt, s. pi. of o.r,A. . 
2 K 

o^^ Harakat, * *./. a. 1. Mo- 
tion, action (generally improper). 2. 
Prevention, hindrance. 3. A short 
vowel. H. karnd. To commit an 
improper action. 

j^IT^a. Harakati, s. m. a. An in- 

jV^ Haram, a. a. Sacred, for- 
bidden, s. m. The temple of Mecca, 
a sanctuary, s. f. 1. A concubine, 
2. A daughter. 3. Women's apart- 
ments, seraglio, harem. 

lyU^A. Hirman, s. m. a. Repulse, 

«-=^a>> Hurmat, s. f. a. Dignity, 
character; chastity, honour; rever- 
ence. H. tornd, To disgrace. H. 
dend, To bestow honour, to exalt ; 
to lose one's character, to incur dis- 
grace. H. karnd, To treat honoura- 
bly and respectfully. H. lend. To 
violate, ravish ; to disgrace. 

i^yy^j^ Haramzadagi, s.f. a. p. 
Rascality, baseness. 

<-Jj)^ Huruf, s. pi. of <-ij-^ A. 
Letters. H.-i-hijd, or H.-i-tahajji, The 
letters of the alphabet ; an alphabet. 

jijs^ Harir, s. m. a. Silk-cloth. 
ijijs-- Harira, s. m. a. A kind of 

jiap of milk and flour ; caudle. 
iSAr*- Hariri, s.f. a. A very thin 

kind of paper. 
u^j^ Haris, a. a. Covetous, 

greedy, gluttonous. 

•-aj;^ Harif, a. a. Clever, cun- 
ning; clever, facetious, s. m. A rival, 
an enemy ; an associate, partner^ 

^j^ Harif i, *. /. a. Rivalship, 

Mj^ Harim, s. m. a. A sacred 
place, a sanctuary ; the enclosure of 
the temple of Mecca; a house or 



( 226 ) 


i^y^- Huziij s. m. A. Grief, afflic- 
tion, sadness, sorrow. 

iirf^ Hazin, a. a. Sad, sorrow- 
ful, afflicted, melancholy, grieved. 

fj^.j^ Haziiii, s. f. A. Sadness, 

(j*fi». Hiss, * *. m. A. 1. Sense, 
sentiment, feeling, imagination. 2. 
Sympathy. H.-i-bdtini, Internal sense. 
H.-i-zdhiri, External sense. H.-i- 
mttshtarak. Common sense. 

vLwa^ Hisab, s. m. a. Computa- 
tion, calculation, accounts. H. pik 
karnd, To clear accounts. H. rakhnd, 
To keep account of, to register. H. 
rafq karnd. To settle accounts. H,- 
kitdb, s. m. Accounts. H. karnd. To 
calculate. H. lend, To take an ac- 

iylt>jL»ai. Hisab-dan, s. m. a. p. 
An arithmetician. 

j_^j^ijUa> Hisab-nawis, s. m. a. p. 
An accountant. 

^JL>J^ Hisabi, a. a. Proper, ac- 

" countable, accurate, correct, just. 

j_^u.a. Hassas, a. a. Possessed of 
the five senses, s. m. An animal. 

j*L.a. Husdm, s. f. A. A sharp 

v-x-a*. Hasab, s. m. a. 1. Pedi- 
gree, nobility. 2. Sufficiency. 3. 
Religion. H.-o-nasab, s. m. Pedigree. 

•-*-*«*• Hash, a. a. Agreeable, con- 
formably, according to, in conformi- 
ty with. s. m. 1. Way, mode, man- 
ner. 2. Computing, reflecting upon, 
considering. 3. Quantity, measure, 
proportion, value. 4. Number. H.- 
ul-imkdn, As far as possible. H.-ul- 
amr, H.-ul-irshdd, H.-ul-hukm, Agree- 
ably to orders. H.-ul-mamul, Ac- 
cording to custom. H.-i-hdl, Agree- 
ably to circumstances, as exigency 
may require. H.-i-dil-khwdh, Agree- 
ably to one's desire. 

Hasad, s.f.x. Envy, malice, 
emulation, ambition. 

0;-«A> Hasrat, s. f. a. Regret, 
grief; desire. H.-dliida, a. Over- 
whelmed with grief. H.-zada, a. 
Wo-begone, afflicted. H.-kushta, Kill- 
ed with grief. 

iij«"^ Hasan, a. a. Good, beauti- 
ful, n. prop. A son of All. 

i^yst. Husn,* *. m. a. Beauty, ele- 
gance, goodness, virtue. H.-i-ikhtiydr, 
Free will. H.-i-khulq, A good disposi- 
tion. H.-i-zann, A. good disposition, 
favourable judgment. 

e> Husnat, pL of (i>-*^ . 

i,^,.^ Hasud, a. a. Envious, ma- 

(i)Jt««^ Hasin, a. A. Beautiful. 

e^Jt~«a- Husain, a. a. Good, beau- 
tiful, n. prop. A son of All. 

j_^ij«»,ak Husaini, s.f. a. A sort of 

j^Lia-ilAa. Hashash-bashash, a. 
A. Joyful. 

&m{JLs>. Hushasha, s. m. a. The 
remains of life, last breathings of a 
dying man. 

j^^iA. Hashr, s. f. a. A meeting, 
congregation, concourse; the resur- 
rection. Yaum ul-hashr. Day of re- 
surrection. H.'khirdm, Exciting a 
commotion like that of the day of 
judgment by the elegance of her gait. 

e>J^.ika. Hasharat, of us^^^^^a. a. 

1. The buzzing noise of a crowd. 

2. Reptiles, animalcules. H.-ul-arz, 

cfT/*^ Hashri, a. a. Ghastly j 
violent and impetuous (for the mare, 
a horse). 

AA«^ Hashafa, s. m. a. Glans 

fv*ak Hasham, s. m. a. Train, 

equipage, suit. 


( 227 ) 


Niijk Hashmat, s. /. a. 1 . State, 
dignity. 2. Equipage, retinue. 

j^i^ Hasho, s. m. A. I. Stuffing 
of a cushion, pillow, &c. ; also what- 
ever it may be stuflfed with. 2. Peo- 
ple of the meanest condition. 3. 
Small camels. H.-minhi, 1. Sub- 
traction, deduction. 2. The quantity 

jLfl*. Hisar, s. m. a. An enclo- 
sure, fence, fortified place, besieging. 

cwUflA. Hasanat, *. /. a. Firm- 
ness, stability, durability, steadiness. 

^yAA. Hasr, s. m. A. 1. A seige, 
blockade. 2. Reckoning, counting, 

er^**- HisHj s. m. a. A castle, 
fortification. H.-i-hasin, 1. An im- 
pregnable fortress. 2. The title of a 
book of Musalman traditions. 

Jyas^ Husiil, s. m. A. Acquisi- 
tion, profit, advantage, produce. 

«-aa. Hissa, *. m. a. Share, lot, 
portion, division. H.-ddr, A sharer. 
H.-dari, Sharing, being entitled to a 
share. H.-rasad, An equal share, 
a proportional part. 

j^:'^^ Hasir, s. m. a. A mat. 

j^A^flA. Hasin, a. a. Fortified, 

j\*as^ Huzzar, s. plur. of Hazir, 
A. The present, the people present, 
attendants, bystanders. 

j'oa^ Hazar, s. m. a. Residence, 
resting, remaining in a place, pre- 

Oy'AA. Hazrat, * s. f. a. 1. Pre- 
sence. 2. Dignity. 3. Majesty, high- 
ness, &c. (a title addressed to the 
great and used respectfully instead 
of a pronoun or name). H.-zill-i- 
subhdni, s. m. His majesty the shadow 
of God, the king, Il.-I'sd, Jesus 

;)j*aa. Huzur, s. m. a. Presence, 
2 F 2 

appearance, attendance, court, go- 
vernment. H.'talah, Being called to 
the presence, summoning attendance. 

^_^JfyeA. Huzuri, s. m. a. An at- 
tendant, s.f. Presence. 

jjfiA-aa. 'Ha.ziz, a. a. Low. *./. 1. 
The lower extremity or surface of 
anything; the foot of a mountain. 

2. (In astronomy), The lower apsis 
in an eccentric orbit, opposed to 

*4-tA. Hutamat, s.f. a. Hell. 
^ Hazz, * s. m. A. 1. Pleasure, 
delight. 2. Good fortune, felicity. 

3. Flavour, taste. H.-i-nafsdni, Sen- 
sual pleasures. 

>laa. Hazr, s. m. a. Prohibition, 
seclusion, forbidding. 

o^Ua. Hifazat, s. m. a. 1. Me- 
mory. 2. Custody, guardianship, 
protection. H. karnd, 1. To repeat 
from memory, to keep in memory. 2. 
To preserve, defend. 

Jafla. Hifz, s. m. A. See Hifazat. 
H.-i-mardtib, Observing etiquette ; 
attention to the rank, &c. of persons 

cMa. Hafl, s. m. a. An assembly, 
council, congregation. 

(3*. Haqq, * a. a. Just, right, 
true, s m. I. The just one (God). 
2. Justice, equity, rectitude. 3. Due, 
right, lot, portion. H. ddd karnd. 
To render unto every one his due. 
H. jall-o-jaldl, God in all his glory 
and splendour. H. haqq karnd, To 
be very hungry. H. hond, To die. 

la^ Haqqd, adv. a. Really, truly, 
by God. 

ci>yjiA. HiqSrat, *. /. a. Contempt, 
scorn, affront, disgrace, vileness, 

^5*-«Jl(3^ Haqq-us-sai, s. m. a. 
The wages of labour, recompense for 


( 228 ) 


aUI(3^ Haqq-ullah, s. a. The 

rights of God, punishment inflicted 

for religious oflfences. 
(_rLiJi(jo^ Haqq-un-nas, s. a. The 

rights of man ; punishment of crimes 

against society, 
^^JJa[iJ\^ys^ Haqq-un-nazirin, s. a. 

Something left after a banquet for 

the servants or spectators. 
j_^l«A. Haqaiq, s. a. (plur. o/Ha- 

qiqat), Truths, narrations, &c. 
j/*j(3^ Haqq-taala^ A. God is 

great, the Almighty. 
y^i^ Haqq-jo, a. a. p. Seeking 

jiiSiA. Haqq-dar, s. a. p. Owner, 

j^lxiJiA. Haqq-shinas, a. a. p. 1. 

Knowing and performing one's duty, 

rendering to every one his due. 2. 

(^^(Jak Haqq-men, a. h. With 

respect to, for. 
^_^0^3.a. Haqq-nd-haqq, a. a. 

Right or wrong. 
&]3a. Huqna, s. m. a. A syringe, 

squirt, clyster-pipe, clyster. 
i3y^ Huqiiq, 5. pi. of (3^ a. 

Rights, laws, &c. 
aSa. Huqqa, s. m. a. A tobacco- 
pipe. H.-bdz, A juggler. H.-bar- 

ddr, s. The servant who prepares the 


^y^fta. Haqir, a. a. 1. Contempti- 
ble, vile. 2. Thin, lean. H. jdnnd. 
To contemn, despise. 

oiuAa. Haqiqat, * s. f. a. 1. Ac- 
count, narration, relation, state, con- 
dition, explanation. 2. Truth, since- 
rity, [truly. 
VlLjfia. Haqiqatan, adv. a. Really, 
^J>^a^ Haqiqi, a. a. Real, certain, 
true, accurate, just, own. H. bhdi, 
s. m. A full brother. 

<^^ Hakk, s. m. a. Erasure, 
scratching out. H. karnd, To erase, 
H. hand, To be erased. 

»-i^ Hakkak, s. m. a. A cutter 
and polisher of precious stones. 

f^^ Hukkam, s. pi. of ^t^. a. 
Governors, rulers, commanders. 

olj'<^ Hikayat, oi ^^}^^ . 

'^'^a. Hikayat,* s. f, a. A his- 
tory, romance, story, tale, narration. " 

^♦^ Hukm,* s. m. a. Order, 
command, decree, eflPect, permission. 
H. vthdnd, and H. nikdind, To draw 
at cards. 

^♦^ Hakam, *. m. a. 1. An um- 
pire, mediator, arbitrator. 2. Know- 
ledge, wisdom, &c. 

Uxa. Hukama, s. pi. of Hakim, 
Philosophers, &c. 

jliJoUxa^ Hukm-andaz, a. a. p. 
Hitting the mark, obedient to direc- 

o.*ia. Hikmat, s. f. a. Wisdom, 
knowledge, skill, cleverness, contri- 
vance ; philosophy ; mystery, miracle. 

^y^*^ Hikmati, a. a. Clever. 

c^l;*^ Hukm-ran, a. a. p. Rul- 
ing, exercising sovereignty. 

^JS^^ Hukm-kash, a. a. p. Obe- 
dient, subject. 

&A\S.^y^^ Hukm-nama, s. m. a. 
Written orders. 

fj^s^ Hukmi, a. a. Obedient to 
directions (applied to medicine). 

e«xi^^ Hukiimat, s. f. a. Domi- 
nion, sovereignty, government, juris- 

^J^ Hakki, s. m. a. An erasing- 

*if^ Hakim,* *. a. A sage, phi- 
losopher, physician. 

AiUAXa. Hakim-ana, a. a. p. Phy- 
sician-like, sage-like, relating to a 
physician or sage. 


( 229 ) 

jrHi^ Hakimi, s.f. a. The prac- 
tice of medicine. 

(Jj!^ Hall, s. m. A. Solution, loos- 
ing. H.-kdri, s-f. Gilding. H. kar- 
nd, To loose, solve, dissolve, discuss, 

^il^ Hallaj, s. m. a. A comber, 
carder of cotton. 

J3U. Halal, a. A. 1 . Legal, allow- 
able, lawful, right. (It is the opposite 
of Hardm). 2. (A woman) laying 
aside mourning for the death of her 
husband at the expiration of 100 
days (during which time it is unlaw- 
ful for her to marry). H. karnd, 1. 
To slay (according to the forms pre- 
scribed by the Muhammadaa reli- 
gion) : to murder. 2. To marry. 

JiU. Hallal, s. a. Resolver, un- 

jysf^ Halal-khor, s, m. A per- 
son of the lowest cast, generally a 
sweeper (so called because every thing 
is lawful food to him). Haldlkhori, 
s.f. 1. The business or state of a 
sweeper, &c. 2. A female sweeper, &c. 

«J)U. Halala, s. f. a. A woman 
married again with her first divorcer 
after she had been divorced by her 
second husband. 

o^lU. Halawat, s. /. a. Sweet- 

^aIa. Halabi, a. a. From or be- 
longing to Aleppo (Halab). 

«j:**ila. Hiltit, s. A. Assafoetida. 

v-ai^. Half, s. A. An oath. 

(3^ Halq, s. m. a. The wind- 
pipe, throat. 

j«j&la. Hulqum, s.m. a. See (j^^ . 

aaIa. Halqa, s. m. a. A ring, cir- 
cle ; an assembly, a fraternity ; a kind 
of firework ; a knocker (of a door). 
H, ha-gosh, s. A slave, servant (one 
wearing a ring in the ear as a token 
of servitude). H.-ba-gosM, s.f. Ser_ 

H.-zan, Knocking 

vitude, slavery, 
(at a door). 

^ftla. Halqi, a. a. Guttural (let- 

fJ-^ Hilm, s. m. a. Gentleness, 
clemency, mildness, aflrability, gravi- 
ty, wisdom. Be-hilm, a. Merciless, 

*ji^ Halwa, s. m. a. A kind of 
sweetmeat made of flour, ghee, and 
sugar. H.-sohan, s. m. A sweetmeat. 
H. nikdlnd. To beat severely. 

i^\j^ Halwan, s. m. a. A kid, a 

j^^'i^A. Halw^i, s. m. a. A confec- 

j^I^Ia. Halwayan, s. f. a. h. A 
confectioner's wife. 

JjJ-i»- Huliil, s. m. A. 1. Descent. 
2. Stopping or sojourning. 3. En- 
tering or penetrating. 4. Transmi- 

a^^ Halwa, s. m. a. See I,>1^ . 

*^ Hulla, s. m. a. A robe, a gar-, 
ment. [ments. 

^J^ Hull, s. f. A. Jewels, orna-, 

'f^s^ Halim, a. a. Mild, affable, 
unassuming, tractable, s. A kind of 
food dressed in the Muharram. 

jU^ Himdr, s. w. a. An ass. 

Lff;'**^ Himari, a. a. Asinine, be- 
longing to the ass. 

c>iU«^ Himaqat, or Hamaqat, s.f, 
A. Folly, stupidity. 

JUa. Hammal, 5. a. A porter, a 
carrier of burdens. 

(♦U^ Ham mam, *. m. a. A bath. 
Hamdtn, s. A pigeon. 

4^Ua. Hammami, s. m. a. A keep- 
er of a bath or an attendant at a bath. 

ool*^ Himayat, s. f. a. Protec- 
tion, defence, guardianship, patron- 
age, countenance. H. karnd, To 
defend, patronize. 

( 230 ) 

A. Red. 

JLjU^ Haraail, s.f. a. 1. A sword- 
belt hung from the shoulders. 2. A 
necklace of flowers. 3. A small Quran 
suspended from the neck as an amu- 

«>4A. Hamd, s.f. a. Praise. 

j*i^ Humr, "1 

lf*a^ Hamra,J 

^}*^ Humq, or Humuq, s. m. a. 
Foolishness, folly, stupidity, inadver- 

la*j^ Hamqa, s. pi. of (3-*^' Fools. 

(J*^ Haml, s.m.A. 1. A burden, 
load. 2. Pregnancy, fruit (of the 
womb). 3. Fruit (of any kind). H. 
kamd. To load, impute, ascribe, ac- 

JUa. Hamal, s. a. Aries. 

aUa. Hamla, s. m. a. 1. An at- 
tack, assault. 2, Concubitus. H.- 
dwar, Attacking. 

^j^*A. Humma, s. m. a. A fever. 
H.-i-ribi, A quartan ague. 

«^:*i*a. Hamiyat, s. f. a. Ardour, 
zeal, a nice sense of honour. 

<H*a>. Hanud, a. a. Praised ; laud- 
able, glorious. Ausdf-i-hamida, Laud- 
able qualifications. 

cl*4A. Hamil, s. m. a. 1. A son 
of a whore, a bastard. 2. A surety. 
3. Herbs, sticks, &c. carried down by 
the stream. 

lis*. Hinna, s. f. a. The tree with 
which the Hindus stain their hands 
and feet (Lawsonia inermis). 

^J^^ Hinnai, a. a. Of the colour 

of or stained with Hinna. 
y^^ Han jar vulg. H in jar, ~» 
ij^^ Hanjara vulg. Hiiijara,J 

s. m. A. The throat, 
d^j^ Hanzal, s. a. Coloquintida 

!>». Hawwa, n. pr. a. Eve, the 

mother of all mankind. 

<l»i'.>a> Hawadis, 5. jy/. ^J^t-w a. 

{S)^y^ Hawari, *. m. a. 1. Hav- 
ing a white skin. 2. A washerman, 
a fuller. 3. A friend, a companion. 
4. An apostle ; an apostle or disciple 
of Christ; a friend, associate, or com- 
panion of Muhammad. 

crl^ Hawass, s. pi. of ^j^^ a. 
The senses. H.-bdkhta, a. Out of 
one's senses. H.-i-khamsa, The five 

^^^j^ Hawashi, s. pi. of i^-iU. a. 
Skirts, margins, borders. 

(J^'^*. Hawasil, s. pi. of aLcja. a. 
s. m. 1. An animal of whose skin 
they make garments. 2. A pelican. 

ty^i^A. Hawalat, *. /. a. Things 
given in charge, trusts. 

jliJt^A. Hawal-dar, s. m. a. p. A 
military officer of inferior rank. 

^\js^ Hawala,* s. m. a. Charge, 
custody, care, possession. 

J^js^ Hawale, adv. a. In the 
charge, care, &c. 

^J\yi^ Hawaii, s. f. a. Environs, 
outskirts, suburbs. [Pisces. 

^y^ Hut, s. f. A. Fish ; the sign 

jy^ Hiir, '\s. f. a. A virgin of 

c£?^a. Hurf, J paradise, a black- 
eyed nymph. 

j5}jA. Hauza, s. m. a. A track, 
side, part, middle. 

&lw5^ Hausila,* s. m. a. I. The 
stomach, maw, crop. 2. Capacity, 
ambition, spirit, desire, resolution. 
H.-mand, a. Ambitious, aspiring. 

(jejs^ Hauz, s. m. A. A reservoir, 
pond, basin of a fountain, tank, vat. 

JjA. Haul, s. A. 1. Changing, re- 
turning. 2. Passing by or over. 3. 
Detaining. 4. Power, strength. 5. 
Deceit. 6. A year. 

JjA. Hawal, a. a. Squinting, 
blind of an eye. 

( 231 ) 


^Jiy^ Haweli, s. f. a. House, 
dwelling, habitation. 

jj^ Haiy, * a. a. Alive. H.-ld- 
yam.'it. Eternal. 

l^a^Haya, s.f. a. Modesty, shame. 
H.-ddr, a. Modest. H.-kushta, Over- 
whelmed with modesty, very modest. 

cjUa. Hayat, s.f. a. Life. H.-i- 
tdza. New life, regeneration (used to 
signify recovery from illness, the joy 
of meeting a friend, &c.) 

ii.MJoi. Haisiyat, s. /.a. 1. Ubi- 
quity, universality. 2. Capacity, abil- 
ity, merit. 3. Conditional proposi- 
j<3jp. Haidar, s. m. a. 1. A lion. 
2. A name of All, son-in-law of Mu- 
hammad. Haidari, s. One of the 
sect of All. 

cjl^jp' Hairan, a. a. Astonished, 
confounded, disturbed, fatigued. 

^[;Aa. Hair^ni, s.f. a. Astonish- 
ment, perturbation, distress. 

ej^^jjA. Hairat, s. f. a. Stupor and 
perturbation of mind, astonishment. 
H. afzd, and H.-fazd, Astonishing. 
H.-zada, Struck with astonishment, 

i^ji^ Hairati, a. a. Astonished. 

Jj^ Haiyiz, s. m. a. 1. A place, 
part, tract of ground. 2. A court- 
yard, area. 

osAf-AAA. Hais-bais, s. f. a. Per- 
plexity, hesitation, suspense, a per- 
plexed business. 

u^iA. Haiz, s. f. A. The menses. 

Walad-ul-haiz, A terra of reproach, 
tj^a* Haizi, a, a. (used subs.) A 

wicked brat. 
AiaAa. Hita, s. m. a, A court, place, 

•-fljja. Haif, inter, a. Ah ! Alas ! 

s. m. Iniquity, oppression, a pity. 

C^ijr^ Haiy-qaiyum,a.A. Eternal, 

cAa^ Hiyal, s. pi. of ^i-i^^ a. 

Frauds, tricks. 
*^ Hila, s. m. a. Stratagem, 

pretence, deceit, trick, fraud. Jf. 

bdz, H.-sdz, and H.-gar, a. Artful 

insidious, wily, &c. H.-bdzi, H.-sdzf, 

and H.-gari, s. f. Artfulness, wili- 

ness, &c. 
e^-i^w Hin, s. m. A. Time, interval 

of time. H.-i-haydt, s. f. Life-time. 
iy[>Jt^ Haiwan, t *• w^. a. An 

animal, beast. 

^ Khe, the seventh letter of 

the Arabic alphabet, is a guttural 
letter uttered by the compression 
of the fauces. In producing this 
sound the root of the tongue is 
raised, and the palatal arch con- 
tracted so as to leave but a narrow 
opening between the mouth and wind- 
pipe, through which the air being 
driven produces a kind of scraping 
sound. It corresponds nearly to ch 
in Scotch and German words, and to 
the Greek x- In Abjad it stands for 
600, and in astronomy denotes the 
planet Mars. Its permutations are, 
1. Into Qhain. 2. Into He; and 3. 
Into the preceding letter Ha. It is 
substituted for 1. ile, and 2. Qdf. In 
the conjugation of the Persian verbs, 
Kheoi the preterite is changed in the 
aorist, 1 . Into Ze, 2, into Sin and 3. 
into Shin. 

la. Khd, p. a. p. (in comp.) Eat- 
ing, chewing. 

I^Ui. Khatitu, s.f. a. A ring worn 
on the fingers; a seal. Kh.-ul-mur- 
salin, or Kh.-ul-amhiyd, The seal of 
the prophets, ». e. Muhammad. Kli- 
band, A seal-setter. 


( 232 ) 


*»jIi^ Khatima, s. m. a. Conclu- 
sion, epilogue, finis, end. Kk.-bandi, 
s. f. 1. A kind of workmanship of 
which they make bows. 2. The ceil- 
injf of a roof. 

e^yUk Khatun, s. f. p. A lady, a 
matron. Kh.-i-jannat, Queen of 
heaven (a title of Fatima daughter 
of Muhammad). 

^^ Khad, s. p. A kite ; an eagle 
or kind of falcon. [vant. 

j*6^ Khadim, * s. m. a. A ser- 

(Alkll^i\.^ Khadimu-t-tulaba, a. A 
public teacher, professor. 

Js(Sj.>(*ii^^Khadim-i-dargah,5. a. p. 
A servant who takes care of a tomb, 
mosque, &c. 

**^la. Khadima, s. f. a. Fern, of 

jl^ Khar, s. m. p. A thorn, spine, 
thistle, bramble; a spur, cock's spur. 
JCh.'dnkhon kd, An eyesore, disagree- 
able. Kh.-pusht, s. m. A porcupine. 
Kh.-khdr, Disquietude. Kh.-dar, a. 
Thorny, barbed ; troublesome, ardu- 
ous. Kh.-zdr, s. A thicket of thorns, 
&c. Kh.-kash, s. A wood-cutter. Kh.- 
o-khas. Sweepings, any thing vile. 

t)La. Khara, s. v. 1 . A hard stone. 
2. A kind of undulated silk cloth. 

^j^ Kharij, p. or a. a. Being out, 
external, without, outcast. Kh. karnd, 
To exclude. 

*^la- Kharija, s. m. a. The word 
at the bottom of a page which is re- 
peated at the beginning of the next, 
an asterisk, a catchword. 

ifi-J^ Khariji, * s. m. a. A sect 
among Muhammadans who do not 
reckon Ali one of the legal succes- 
sors of Muhammad. They are the 
mortal enemies of the Rdjizis or 
SMas who reject Abu-bakr, llmr, and 
Usmdn: the Shias call the Sunnis 

cAjl^ Kharish, "1*. /. p. The 

cu4;ti- Kharisht,j itch, scab, 

t^^Lk Kharishti, a. p. Mangy, 
itchy, scabby. 

*i-»^^ Khasta, p. p. p. Risen, got 

vfjLiU. Khashak, s. m. p. Sweep- 
ings, chips, shavings, rubbish, leaves. 

(jcl^ Khass, * a. A. 1. Excellent, 
noble, pure, unmixed. 2. Particular, 
private ; what is kept for the king's 
or the master's private use, own. 
proper, peculiar, single, gentle, adv, 
Especially, particularly. 
jl.i^x^lA. Khass-bardar, s. m. a. p. 
A servant in a great man's retinue 
who carries a fire-lock. 

(je!^i.(jola. Khass-khawass, s. f. 
A. A royal female servant. 

lytiVtfU. Khass-dan, *. a. p. A kind 
of canteen to carry water vessels in. 

j_5^t^ Khassagi, s. f. a. p. Excel- 
lence, nobility. 

d^ ijols^ Khass-mahal, s. m. a. 
Private apartment ; the apartments 
of married women (in opposition to 
Khurd-mahal). (met.) First married 

(*^>u*^ Khass-0-amm, a. Noble 
and plebeian. 

&^fi. Khassa, a. a. Excellent, 
pure, noble, elegant, good, charming, 
delightful, pretty, fine, virtuous, s. m, 
1. Dinner. 2. A kind of cloth. 

^t-^ Khassi, a. f. a. Excellent, 


<^H!^'^ Khassiyat, s. /. a. Quali- 
ty, innate property, natural disposi- 

>l^ Khatir, s.f. a. 1. The heart, 
soul ; inclination, propensity ; memo- 
ry. 2. Will, choice, sake, account. 
Kh. rakhni, To conciliate, encourage, 


( 233 ) 


comfort, quiet. Kh. karm, To fondle ; 
to encourage, comfort ; to be desir- 
ous of pleasing. Kh. men raklmd. 
To remember. Kk. men land, io re- 
gard, attend to. 

}idj)'[x^^^ Khatir-azurda, a. a. p. 
Melancholy, dejected, sad. 

AJjliTyiU. Khatir-ashufta, «, a. p. 
Distressed, agitated, dispirited. 

&L^ij]o\J^ Khatir-basta, a. a. p. 
Distressed in mind, oppressed in 

^♦A^LL Khatir-jama, a. a. Col- 
lected, comforted, contented, tran- 
quil, at ease. s. f. Satisfaction, as- 
surance, encouragement. 

^jX^^jSslL Kliatir-jami, s. f. a. 

(-omfort, confidence. 
{sl^i^Jsli. Khatir-khwah, a. p. 

Heart's desire, agreeable to one's 

<_5jlo;J:Li. Khatir-dari, s. f. a. p. 

Encouragement, comfort, satisfaction. 
o-il^_^fcI.a. Khatir-dasht, s.f. a. p. 

Complaisance, regard. 
^^)Ul*jJis[s^ Khatir-nishan, a. A. p. 

Imprinted on tlie memory, by heart. 
^^xLijlsis,, Khatir-nishin, a. a. p. 

1. See Kh.-nishdn. 2. Chosen, beloved. 
cjUiLi^ Kliaqan, s. rn. a. p. A king, 

an emperor. 
^l*^ji> Khaqani, a. a. p. Royal, 

imperial, n. pr. Name of a very 

celebrated Persian poet. 

iJU. Khak, s. f. v. Dust, earth. 
Kh. phdnknd, To wander, to stray. 
Kh. chhdnnd, (To sift the dust) To 
expend excessive labour and exertion 
in fruitless search. Kh. sii' par vfd- 
nd, To lament. J^h. siydh karnd, To 
plunder and lay waste a country, to 
depredate. Kh. karnd, and Kh, men 
mildnd. To waste, ruin, destroy, de- 
molish, spoil. Kh, men mil/id, To 
die, perish ; to be ruined or demol- 
2 G 

ished. Kh. hojdnd, To moulder or 
I)ine away. 

(i'l^ Khaka, s. m. v. A plan, 
sketch, draft, outline. 

^53Us't:k Kliak-bazi, s. f. p. Play- 
ing with dust. 

tjS-li. Khak-pa, s. f. p. Dust of 
the feet, earth trodden under foot; 
the lowest or most worthless thing. 

a^yol^ Khak-toda, s. m, p. A 
butt or mark of earth, for shooting 
arrows at. 

e^i.ii'Lk Khak-dan, s. p. A recep- 
tacle for dust, earth, ashes; (inet.) 
the world. 

^iJl3^ii. Khak-dalni, p. ii. A 
phr&se signifying the concealing of 
those things from the disclosure of 
which disgrace may be expected. 

uyji'li. Khak-rob, s. m. p. A 

Ajjiyu. Khiik-roba, s. m. p. Sweep-* 

jL^Lk Khak-sar, a. p. Base, mean, 
lowborn, humble. 

(_5jl^S'li. Khak-sari, s. f. p. Mean- 
ness, humbleness. 
jLJIa, Khakistar, s. f. p. Ashes. 
Kh. hond, v. n. To calcine. 

i_£jl^\J^ Khakistari, a. p. Ashy 
(coloured), covered with ashes. 

_y*^i.^ Khak-sho, s. m. p. 1. A 
person in the mint who washes th& 
ashes to recover any particle of bul- 
lion that may have fallen. 2. A man 
who prepares earth for brick-making 
or pottery. 

^J»*^^ Khakshi, s. f. p. 1. A 
small weight used by goldsmiths 
(seed of Abrus precatorius). 2. A 
red bramble. 3. A small red seed 
used in Medicine. 

^l^ Khaki, a. v. I. Dusty. 2. 
Earthen. 3. The epithet of a kind of 
arrow. Kh. andii, s, m. 1. An addled 


( 234 ) 


egg, wind-egg. 2. A term of re- 

AXifLL Khagina, s. m. v. Fried 
eggs, a kind of dish made of eggs. 

J Li. Khal, s. m. X. 1. A mole on 
the face (black and ornamental). 2. 
An artificial spot made for ornament- 
3. A maternal uncle, mother's bro. 

iili. Khala, s.f. a. Maternal aunt, 
mother's sister. Kh. kd ghar, or Kh. 
mama kdghar, or Khdna-i-khdld, (The 
house of one's aunt) signifies a place 
of rest and security. 

^5j5l'.i. Khala-ti, a. a. h. Descend- 
ed from or related to a maternal aunt; 
as Kh.-bhdi, A cousin, son of a ma- 
ternal aunt. 

JUJLL Khal-khal, a. a. 1. Thick, 
coarse, thickly-spread. 2. Little, 
scarce, adv. Rarely. 

uail^ Khalis, a. a. Pure. s. A 

a^la. Khalisa, a. a Pure. s. m. 
1. An office of Government in which 
the business of the revenue depart- 
ment is transacted. 2. Land held 
immediately from government. 

{}i^ Khaliq, p. a. a. (used sub.) 
The Creator. 

yii. Khalu, s. m. a. Maternal 

uncle ; husband of mother's sister. 
iJLS^ Khala, s.f. a. See 51 li^. 

fj^ Khali, a. A. 1. Empty, va- 
cant, void. 2. Pure, mere, only, 
unmixed. 3. Unoccupied, unemploy- 
ed, without effect. Kh.-hdth, a. Emp- 
ty handed, penniless j unarmed. 

j»li. Khani, a, p. Raw, unripe, of, 
unbaked earth or mud ; vain. 

^^UajIa. Kham-para, a. p. A term 
of abuse applied to a woman who 
has been cohabited with before the 
age of maturity. 

,yU«AxLk Kliam-dasti, *. /. p. In- 

(jj^MkAsI^. Kham-shurua, s. m. p. 
Half boiled soup. 

y^jJi/o[i^ Kham-shob, a. p. Half- 
washed, rinsed. 

■«»<«'-a>. Khamushi, *./. p. Silence, 

j^^Lk Kham-taba, a. p. a. Fool- 
ish, dull. 

5;J=^tai. Kham-tama, a. p. a. En- 
tertaining vain desires. Khdm-tamqi, 
s.f. Vain desires. 

,JsLSi^^ Kham-aqli, s. f. p. a. 
Folly, weak understanding. 

*^-A*(*^^ Kham-fitrat, a. p. a. 

<^)^^^ Kham-kari, s.f. p. Awk- 
wardness, unskilfulness. 

{J>y>\^ Khamosh, a. p. Silent. 
s. m. A disease in horses. 

j_j.i^A;U. Khamoshi, s.f. p. Silence, 

^^ Khama, s. m. p. A pen, 
writing reed. Kh.-ddn, A pen-case. 

j_jX)Li. Khami, s.f. p. 1. Rawness, 
unripeness, inexperience. 2, Loss. 

cjti Khan, * s. m. p. Lord, prince 
(a title used chiefly by Pathans). 

olsr^tik Khan aj at, pi. of ^H^k. 

<^jlt>jlafc Khandari, s.f. p. House- 
keeping (See Rhana-dari). 

lyltXiLL Khandan, 5. m. p. Family, 
household. Kh,-i-qldmat, Armorial 

lyUUJli. Khansaman, *. m. p. A 

jjlfiit^ Khanqah,^ *. /. a. A mo- 

AfiJLa. Khanqah, J nastery. 

^^l^ Khangi, a. p. Domestic, 
household, s.f. A prostitute. 

c^Uili. Khanman, s. m. p. House- 
hold furniture, every thing belong- 


( 235 ) 

ing to the house, household, family, 
house, domestic. Kh-khardb, a. 
j$^iyli. Khanwada, *. m. p. A fami- 
ly, house, race or tribe of people. 
^yUjcJ^ Khan-0-man, s. m. p. 

See Khanman. 
AiLk Khana, s. m. p. 1. House, 
dwelling, place, chamber, room. 2. 
Drawer, partition, compartment. 3. 
cbt^Jli. Khana-abad, p. May your 

house flourish ! (a benediction.) 
j^j^j<X)lA. Khaua-ba-dosh, s. p. A 
traveller, pilgrim, rover, gipsy, so- 
^i<io(^*j(i. Khana-bar-andaz, 5. p. 

A prodigal, spendthrift. 
^XA-AiLL Khana-jang, s. P. A 

breeder of disturbances. 
^_j^ia.AiLa. Khana-jangi, s. f. p. 
Civil war, skirmish, duel, bickering. 
&j'.i.<!Oi. Khana-khana, a. p. Cel- 
wl^i.*jlii. Khana-kharab, a. p. 
Ruined. K/idna-khardbi,s. J. Ruin. 
lo.a.AJU. Khana-khuda, s. p. Mas- 
ter of a house. 
jij,4iLi. Khaua-dar, s. m. p. Fami- 
tcjIjAiLi. Khana-dan, s.f. v. The 
" state of the master of a family, house- 
,iU»!^<iJlaw Khana-daniad, s. p. A 
son-in-law Avho lives in the house of 
his wife's father. 

•i.*.j^<xi'i. Khana-dost, a. p. Fond 

of staying at home (a term of abuse). 
^13 AilA Khana-zad, *. p. The child 

of a slave. 
j^j Ai^i> Khdna-i-zanjir, s. p. A 

prison, a madhouse, 
jjt^ Khawar, s. m. v. 1. The 

west. 2. The sun. 3. The east. 
2 G 2 

^_g;j(i. Khawari, a. p. Orient, 

<ijjl^ Khawind, s. m. p. Lord, 

master, husband. 
j^^AJjLL Khawindi, s. f. P. Domi- 
nion, mastership. 
«-fljIii- Khaif, a. p. Afraid, fearful, 
timid, pusillanimous. [traitor, 

e^j'^ Khain, s. a. A deceiver, 
*iLi. Khaya, s. m. v. K testicle, 
an egg. Kk.-barddr, A cringing 
fellow. Kh.-barddri karnd, To cringe. 
Kh. chumdnd. To disregard, be dis- 
obedient, be stubborn, not to sub- 
mit to obedience. Kh.-sahldnd, To 
curry favour, jBl"A. kashida, s. m. A 
ooUi. Khabasat, s. f. a. Wicked- 
ness, depravity, 
.i^ Khubs, *. m. a. Malice, ma- 
lignity, perfidy, impurity. 
^^ Khabar, * s. f. a. News, in- 
formation, intelligence, rumours, re- 
port, fame, account, care, notice. 
Kh. basant hi puchhni, To be very 
ignorant or negligent. Kh. rakhnd, 
V. n. To be informed or acquainted. 
Kh. karnd, or dend, To apprize, in- 
form. Kh. lend, To accommodate, 
allow, give, take care of, look afterf 
inquire into. Kh. hond, To be in- 
oy^ Khibrat, s. f. a. I. Wis- 
dom, learning. 2. Experience, ex- 
periment, trial, proof. 

^J'JJ^£>.JXA. Khabar-i-khizii, *. /*. a. 
Report, sudden news, guessing what 
is to happen. (Khizr was a prophet 
skilled in divination.) 

j\dy^ Kliabar-dar, a. a. p. Care- 
ful, cautious ; informed, s. m. An 
informer, spy, scout, interj. Have a 

,^j\i>yi^ Khabar-dari, s. f. a. p. 
Caution, care ; informing. 


( 236 ) 


}((>JA,>^Aik Khubar-dihiiula, a. a. p. 

jiojjj^ Khabar-atar, *. a. News. 
j^y^ Khabar-gii-j s. a. p. 1. A 
spy, informer. 2. A protector, patron. 
iSj^j''^ Khabar-giri, s. f. a. p. 

1. Spying, informing. 2. Aid, care, 

ia^ Khabt, s. m. A. 1. Making 
a mistake. 2. Madness, insanity. 

(.^Jaj^ Khabti, a. a. Mad^ insane. 

.i~jrf^ Khabis, a. a. Wicked^ ma- 
lignant, impure, s. m. An evil spirit. 

^^Ji^.^ Khabisi, s. f. a. A malig- 
nant woman. 
^H^i^ Khabir, a. a. Knowing, wise, 
skilful, learned. 

*2Ui. Khuttak, s. p. A club, a 

^<ia^ Khutka, *. m. p. 1. A club. 

2. Penis. 

*ii. Khatra, s. m. a. Conclusion, 
seal, end. a. Done, finished. 

^j.ia. Khatan, s. m. a. 1 . Circum- 
cising. 2. A circumcision feast. 3. 
The nearest relations to a woman. 4. 
A son-in-law. 

^^}S^ Khutan, n. pr. p. A coun- 
try in Turkistan ; Tartary or the 
north of China famous for musk. 

*iii. Khatna, s. m. a. Circumci- 

cJbrS- Khijalat, s. f. a. Bashful- 
ness, shame. 

*i-«3r*' Khujista, a. p. Happj', 
fortunate, auspicious, blest. 

cJs^ Khajil, a. a. Modest, bash- 
ful, abashed, ashamed. 

vi.Ls^ Khijlat, s. f. a. Blush, 
shame (See Khijalat). Kk. vthdni, or 
Kh. khdni, To blush. 

fe'^'-^ Khachakhach, s. h. The 
sound of a spear or battle-axe, or of 
treading in clay and mire. 

^^ Khachchar, s. m. /. ii. A 

j^y^ Khachar-khachar, s. m, 
H. An imitative sound. 

I«>i. Khuda, s. m. p. God. Kh. 
Khudd karke, With difficulty, by hook 
or by crook. Kh- kare. Would to 
God ! Kh. kyd kare. What is the 
will of God? (An expression used 
in doubtful circumstances.) Kh. ke 
mare hond, 'Vo be unfortunate, to 
suffer by the decrees of fate. Kh. na 
khwdstd, or Kh. ndkarda, God forbid ! 

vi*-,^f;>^ Khuda-parast, a. p. 
Worshipping God. 

t_^3l«icL Khuda-tars, a. v. Fearing 
God, virtuous. 

.tiLuiJsa. Khuda-hafiz, p. Adieu, 

j^xiisliicL Khuda- talabi, s. f. p. 
The seeking of God. 

j«tOK^ Khuddam, s. pi. of Khadim, 
A. Servants. 

^jijXa. Khuda- wand, s. m. p. Pos- 
sessor, master, husband. Kh.-i- 
nimat, (possessor of benefits). 1. 
A form of address to superiors. 2< 
Rich, opulent. 

(_5.^jio^ Khuda-wandi, s. f. p. 
Sovereignty, lordship, divinity, pro- 

t^!^^ I<:hudai, s. f. P. 1. God- 
head, divinity, providence. 2. The 
world, a. Divine. Kh. rat. Sing- 
ing hymns and watching all night, a 
religious feast kept by women. Kh.- 
rahtn, A kind of food given to the 
poor in completion of a vow. Kh. 
ghar men «'««> ^ phrase used to ex- 
press pride from the accession of 

tjiiXi. Khuda-ya, s. voc. p. O God ! 

«-itXa. Kliadsha, s. m. a. Fear, 
alarm, danger, doubt, question, ap- 
prehension, solicitude. 

( 237 ) 

f^^ Khadam, s. pi. of Khadim, 
A. Servants, retinue. 

oxi^ Khidmat, *. /. A. Service, 
employment, office, appointment, 
duty, use. Kh. karnd, 1. 'J'o serve, 
attend, wait on. 2. (met.) To sati- 
rize, to beat. Kh.-gdr, s. m. A but- 
ler, servant. Kh.-gdri, s.f. Attend- 
ance, ministry. Kh.-guzdri, s. f. 
Obedience, performance of service. 

^y^j^ Khidmati, s. a. Servant, 

^dA, Khadang, s. m. p. A tree 
of which arrows are usually made; 
an arrow; the white poplar tree. 

^Jti^ Khideo, s. m. p. Lord, mas- 
ter, king. 
js*' Khar, s. m. p. An ass. Kh.- 
bd-tashdid, Very stupid. Kh.-i-dash- 
ti, s. m. A wild ass, onager. Kh.- 
dimdghi, s. f. Stupidity, obstinacy, 

wl^A. Kharab, a. a. 1. Bad, de- 
j)raved. 2. Ruined, depopulated, 
deserted, lost, miserable, spoiled, 
waste. Kh.-hdl, a. Ruined, broken 
down (in circumstances). Kh.-khas- 
ta, a. Ruined, depopulated. Kh.- 
karke kahnd. To miscal. Kk.-gard, 
a. p. Wandering about to no pur- 

oIjI^a. Kharabat, s.f. a. \ tavern, 
a brothel. 

^\j]y^ Kharabati, s.f. a. A haun- 
ter of taverns and brothels, a rake, a 

A,i^ Kharaba, *. m. a. Devasta- 
tion, ruin. a. Depraved, bad, ruined, 

j^l^ Kharabi, s. /.a. 1. Bad- 
ness, depravity. 2. Ruin, desolation, 

^IfA. Kharrata, s. m. h. Snoring. 
Kh. mdrnd, To snore. 

^jA. Khiriij, s, m. A, Tax, duty, 

rent, revenue, tribute. Kh. guzdr, 
s. m. A tributary. Kh. lagdnd, To 
tax, assess. 

•i^^ Kharad, s. f. a. A lathe. 
Kh. charhnd, To be polished (as a 
clown by intercourse with good socie- 

Ij^l^ Kharadna, v. a. a. h. To 
turn in a lathe, to worry. 

(^o]j^ Kharadi, *. m. a. A tur- 

^^[m,\j^ Khurasan, n. pr. v. Name 
of a province of Persia. 

u*!^ Kharash, s. f. p. Scratch- 
ing, scraping, excoriation, p. a. (in 
comp.), Scratching, lacerating, claw- 

&^\jA, Kharasha, s. m. v. Scales 
or filings of iron ; small debt. 

^j^ Kharrat, s. f. a. A turner's 
lathe, s, m. A turner. 

^bi^a. Kharrati, s. m. a. A turner. 
a. Turned. 

j^jkLI^^ Kharratin, s. m. a. An 
earth worm. 

oJl^i. Khurafat, * s.f. A. A fable, 
tale, romance, ludicrous saying, smut. 

j«|^.i. Khiram, s. f. p. Pace, gait, 
stately gait, graceful walking, walk, 
march. Kh. karnd. To march, pace. 
Khush-khirdm, a. Walking elegantly. 

^jUi^a. Khiraman, p. p. p. Walk- 
ing stately, moving gracefully. 

5>J^ Khar-buza, ■>. s. m. v. 

^jy{j^ Khar-biiza, L A musk- 

»>j;^ Khar-puza, J melon. 

jyi. Kharj, *"| «. m. A. Expendi- 


Kharj, *-| 
Kharch, J 

ture, expense. 

price. Kh. ikhrdjdt. Expenditure. 
Kh. honu, To be expended. 

^j^ Kharachna, v. a. a. ii. To 

expend ; to sell. 
u^ia^a^ Kharchang, *. m. p. 1. 

A crab. 2. A kind of herb. 

238 ) 

jfj^ Kharchu, a. a. h. Prodigal, 

&a^ Kharcha, s. m. a. Costs of 

law suits. 
jjA^i. Kharchi, s. f. a. 1. Price 

of stupration. 2. Provision for a 

journey, a. Prodigal. 
«x3jLk;a.^Khar-khawind, s. in. p. 

Master, owner, possessor (spoken 

js>-je>^ Khur-kliur, or Khar-khar, 

Purring of a cat. Kh.-kh. karnd, To 


\j^j^ Kharkhara, *. m. a. Snor- 

iiM>A.js^ Kharkhasha, s. m. p. Tu- 
mult, crowd, quarrelling. 

i>js^ Khirad, s. f. a. Wisdom, 

j»LL,>^jk Khurd-kham, a. p. Bruis- 
ed, broken, ground small. 

J.>^a. Khardal, s. a. Mustard- 

i^xioijs^ Khirad-niand, a. a. p. 
Wise. Khirad-mandi, s.f. Wisdom. 

jj i>js^ Khirad- war, a. a. p. Saga- 
cious, wise. Khirad-wari, s. f. Saga- 
city, wisdom. 

*^jj^ Khar-zahra, s. m. p. Rho- 
dodaphne or rose-bay (Nerium olean- 

c^a. Khirs, s. m. p. A bear. Kh. 
bdzi, s. f. Rudeness, romping, bear's 

«>j-«^ Khursand, a. p. Content- 
ed, satisfied, pleased. 

^^<^L»jjL Khursandi, s. f. p. Con- 
tent, pleasure, mirth. 

*Sx>MjA. Kharsang, s. m. p. Rival; 
a large stone. 

^^Jb^ Khurtum, s. m. a. The 
proboscis of an elephant. 

«J;^ Kharif, s. m, a. A doting 
old man. 

^js^ Khurfa, *. m. a. That which 

is plucked from a tree; autumnal 

Aiy^ Khurfa, s. m. p. Purslain 

(Portulaca oleracea). 
o.iLc(3j^ Ivharq-i-^dat, s. f. a. 

Contrary to nature, a miracle. 
**^ Khirqa, s. m. a. A religious 

habit, dress of a dervise, a garment 

of patches. 
»(f,^ Khargah, s. f. p. A tent, 

pavilion, tabernacle; the royal tent, 

court, or palace. 
(jw>{;^ Khar-gosh, s, m. p. A 

hare, rabbit. 
Cjs^ Khurram, a. p. 1. Pleasant, 

delightful. 2. Cheerful, pleased, 
t/o;.^. Khurma, s. m. p. A date 

(fruit of the Phoenix dactylifera). 
c:*«~«^ Khar-mast, a. p. 1. Ath- 
letic, 2. Stupid. 
^^J^ Khirman, s. m. p. Har- 
vest ; heap or stack of unthrashed 

corn ; barn. 

ij>y0js^ Khar-miish, s. p. A kind 

of large rat. See Ghus. 

ij\^j=^ Khar-muhra, s. m. p. A 
cowrie shell (Cyprea moneta). 

jy^ Khurrami, s. f. p. Cheer- 
fulness, pleasure, delight. 

U»Aij^ Khar-nafs, a. p. a. Mag- 
num penem habens. 

^j^ Khuruj, s. m. a. Sally, 
egress ; excretion. 

i^jj^ Khurus, s. m. p. A dung- 
hill cock. 

iJtJu^ Kharosh, or Khurosh, s. m, 
p. A crash, loud noise, tumult, cry 

<^J^ Kharid, p. p. p. Bought. 
s.f. Purchase. Kh.-farokht, Buying 
and selling. Kh.'kdmol, s. m. Prime 


( 239 ) 

jl.^j^ Kharidar, *. m. f. p. A pur- 

^sMyijL. Kharidari, *. /. p. Buy- 
ing, purchasing. 

jjjo^ Kharida,j9.j9. P. Purchased^ 
bought. [purchase. 

Ij^^ Kharid-na, v. a. p. h. To 

*iaj^a' Kharita, s. m. a. A purse^ 
packet, bag, mail, (met.) A letter. 
(Letters are sent in India enclosed in 

»-ftj;i. Kharif, s. f. a. Autumn j 
the autumnal harvest (distinguished 
from Rabi the spring harvest). 

^Oij^ Kharifi, a. a. Grown in 

3A Khazz, s. f. A. A coarse kind 
of silk cloth. 

o]>^ Khizan, or KhazSn, s. f. p. 
Autumn; the falling of the leaves. 
Kh.-dida, Having seen or experienc- 
ed autumn. 

^/^^j^ Khazanchi, s. m. A. T. A 

AijjA Khazana, * or KhizSna, s. 
m. A. 1. A treasury, magazine, gra- 
nary, depository. 2. Treasure. 3. 
The chamber of a gun. Kh.-ddr, A 
musket with a chamber. Kk.-e- 
dmira, s. m. The royal treasury. 

tJji^ Khazaf, s. a. An earthen 
vessel, potsherds, broken shells. 

Aij)i> Khazina, *. m. p. A trea- 

cr^ Khas, *. /. p. The name of 
a grass of the roots of which tattis 
are made (Andropogon muricatum). 
Kh.-posh, a. Covered with thorns. 
Kh.'O-khdr, or K/i -o-khdshdk, s. m. 
Litter of things, rubbish. 

ij^ Khass, s. A. A lettuce. 

ojl--^ Khisaratj or Khasarat, s. f. 
A. 1. Loss, damage. 2. Perfidy, 
fraud. 3. Plunder, devastation. 

jjiiJUi. Khisanda, s. m. p. An In- 
fusion (in medicine). 

c«»i. Khissat, s.f. a. Stinginess, 
parsimony, meanness. 

<iAJL«i. Khistak, s. f. p. Codpiece, 

^_j^JL^ Khasta-gi, s. f. v. 1. A 
wound, a sore. 2. Sickness, fatigue. 

*>-~^ Khasta, a. p. 1. Wounded, 
broken. 2. Sick, sorrowful. Kh.- 
hdl, a. Afflicted, distressed. Kh.- 
hdli, s. f. Affliction, distress. Kh.' 
jdn, Kh.-jigar, and Jfh.-dil, Heart- 
broken. Kh.-jdni, s.f. Brokenheart, 
dejection of mind. 
^^a>. Khusar, or Khusur, s. m. p. 

A father-in-law. 
jm^ Khasr, or Khusr, s. m. a. 
Damages, loss, injury, fraud. 

Xj"^ Khusrau, s. m. v. 1. Name 
of a celebrated king (Chosroes). 2. 
A king in general. 3. Name of a 
most famous poet of Dihli. 

ii\jj^s^ Khusrawana, adv. p. 
Prince-like, kingly, a. Royal, princely. 

iSJD"^ Khusrawi, a. p. Belong- 
ing to Khusraw or to a king, royal, 

^^^"^ Khasak, s. p. 1. Rubbish, 
2. A triangular thorn. 3. Caltrops. 

ijj.,^ Khusuf, s. m. a. An eclipse 
of the moon. 

^J»^-'^ Khasis, a. a. Penurious, 
sordid ; ignoble. 

i. ^hisht, *. /. p. A brick or 
tile. Ifh.-paz, A brick-maker. 

l^hishtak, *. /. p. A square 
piece of cloth under the arm-hole of a 
vest. See also Khistak. 

^^^^ Kliishti, «, p. Made of 
brick or tile. 

t,^^^*^ lj[hashkhash, 1 s. m, p. 

khash, 1 s. m, 
ikhash,J Poj 

JiLi**^ Khashkhash,/ Poppy- 
seed, a poppy. 
iSlAa. ^hushk,a. p. Dry, withered. 


( 240 ) 


^h.-damigh, a. Grieved. Kli.-damdghi, 
s. f. Grief. Kh.-sdl, A dry year, 
a general dearth, a drought. Kh.. 
sdli, s. f. Droujijlit, sterility. Kh,- 
lab, Dry in the lips or in the shore. 
Kh.-labi, s. f. Dryness of the lips. 
Kli.-maghz, a. Crack-brained, crazy, 
hot-brained. [rice. 

iS^La. Khushka, s. m. p. Boiled 

jy:ili. Khushki, s. /.P. 1. Dry- 
ness. 2. Dearth occa.sioned by 
drought. 3. Dry land. adv. By land. 

i*-*^ Khashm, s. m. p. Anger, 
passion, rage, fury. Kh.-dlud, a. De- 
formed with rage. Kit.- gin, and Kh.- 
ndk,a. Enraged, passionate, angry. 

^J^JJL Khashin, a. a. Roughs 
severe, rude. 

«>>i.«^ Khushnud, a. p. Content- 
ed, satisfied. 

^^ilJ\ML Khuslinudi, *. /. p. Sa- 
tisfaction, pleasure, content. 

e*i^«ii. Khushunat, s.f. A. Aspe- 
rity, rigid ness, disdain, fierceness, 

J Lai. Khisalj s. pi. of >^'^i^ a. 
Qualities, virtues. 

o-JLfli. Khaslat, * 5. /. a. 1. Ha- 
bit, custom. 2. Quality, property, 
mode, talent, virtue, disposition, na- 

/♦*aa. Khasm, s. m. a. An enemy, 

f^'^A. Khasam, s. tn. a. A husband. 
Kh.-wdli, A woman whose husband 
is alive. 

AJU^AA. Khasmana, adv. a. p. 
Like a good husband, economically ; 
with attention to domestic atfairs. 

^J^'^^ Khasmij s. /. a. p. Enmity. 
Kh.-e-jdni, Mortal enmity. 

jjo^A. Khusus, s. m. a. 1. An 
affair, business, thing, ])articular. 2. 
Doing any thing particular, adv. 

layoA Khususan, adv. a. Parti- 
cularly, especially. 

tz^x^j^A. Khususiyat, *, /. a. Pe- 
culiarity, singularity, attachment, 

ts^f£y^s^ Khusumat, s. f. a. En- 

,ya.s^ Khasi, s. m. a. A castrated 
animal (particularly a goat) ; a eu- 

ijjwai^ Khusya, s. m. a. Testicle. 

i-j[^iw Khizab, s. m. a. Tincture ; 
tinging the nails and hair, but par- 
ticularly the beard. Kh.-i-dhani 
karnd. To shave the beard. 

^ws:L Khizr, n. pr. a. A comjoani- 
on of Moses, Phinehas ; the prophet 

ia^ Kluitt,* s.m.x. 1. A letter, 

epistle. 2. Writing, hand-writing, 
chirography. 3. A line, lineament« 
4. Mustaches, beard, youthful beard 
or down on the face. Kh.-i-istiwd 
or Kh.-i-itiddl, The equator. Kh.- 
and, or nikalnd, To appear (the beard). 
Kh. bandnd, or banwdnd, To shave 
the beard. Kh.-i-jadt, The tropic of 
Capricorn. Kh.-i-saratdn, The tro- 
pic of Cancer. Kh.-i-shud, The 
rays of the sun ; also a kind of writ- 
ing. Kh.-i-dmud, A perpendicular 
line. Kh.-i-kitdbat, Correspondence. 
Kh.-i-gulzdr, A kind of flourished 
handwriting. Kh.-i-mutawdzi, A pa- 
rallel line. Kh-i-mustadir, A circu- 
lar line. Kh.-i-mustaqim, A right 
line. Kh,-i-munhani, A curved line. 

Lbi. Khata, s. f. a. A mistake, 
error, fault, sin, crime. Kk.-bakhsh, s. 
m. A forgiver of errors or sins. Kh.- 
harnd, To err, miss. 

ylka. Khitab, s. m. A. 1. A title. 
2. Conversation, speech, address. 

oolJaA. Khitabat, s. f. a. Preach- 
ing, eloquence, rhetoric. 

( 241 ) 


iULa. Khattat, *. a. A good wri- 

v-*ka. Khatb, s. m. A. 1. Marry- 
ing, betrothing, contracting a marri- 
age. 2. A thing, cause, work. 

AA-hA Khutba, s. m. a. A sermon 
delivered after the prayers on Friday 
in which the preacher blesses Mu- 
hammad, his successors, and the 
reigning sovereign. 

jiiA Khatar, s. m. a. 1. Recollec- 
tion, coming into the mind, thought, 
remembrance. 2. Danger, risk, for- 
tune. Kh.-ndk, a. Frightful, danger- 
ous. Kh.-ndk{,s.f. Danger. 

^Ja^ Khatra, s. m. a. 1. Danger, 
2. Fear, risk, venture. Kh.-rafa 
karnd, To ease nature. Kh. na karnd. 
To make no bones of. Khatre men 
ddlnd. To endanger, risk, venture. 

Js^ka. Kimtut, S. pi. ofi^ A. 

^^Jai. Khutiir, s, m. a. 1. Coming 
into the mind, recollection, remem- 
brance. 2. Dignity. 

Aiaii. Khitta, *. m. a. A region, 
country, territory. 

fc^Jai. Khatib, s. m. a. A preach- 
^ki. Khatir, a. a. Great, import- 
ant, honourable, dignified. 

*-8a. Khiff, a. A. Light (of weight 
or morals), undignified. 

•-fti. Khuff, s. m. A. A boot. 

Ii:i. Kliafa, s. f. A. Conceahnent, 
a secret. 

(fi^ Khafd, a. v. Angry. 

«^fi^ Khiflfat, s. f. A. Lightness 
of weight, levity of conduct, want of 
dignity, affront, disgrace. Kh. karnd, 
To vilify, slander. 

AiSiL. Khufta, 21. p. p. Asleep, 

sleeping, put to sleep. 
lyliiiA. Khafaqan, s. m. A. Palpi- 
tation (especially of the heart). 
2 II 

jJl^fli- Khafaqani, a. A. Subject 
to palpitation. 

j_j,^i. Khafagi, s. f. p. Displea- 
sure, anger. 

•Sfla. Khafa, a. p. Angry. 

^J^^ Khafi, a. a. Secret, conceal- 
ed ; fine or small (hand-writing ; op- 
posed to jali). 

liji^ Khufyatan, adv. a. Secretly. 

v-ftAfi^ Khafif, a. a. Light, undig- 
nified, of light character, immoral, 
of no weight or consequence. Kh. 
hond, To be vilified, spoken ill of, 
put to shame, ashamed. Khqftfi 
ddira. The centre of a circle. 

*JiAa. Khufya, a. a. Disguised, 
concealed, adv. Secretly. Kh.-nawis, 
A man who writes intelligence secretly. 

J:i. Khali, s. m. a. Vinegar. 

^ Khala, s. m. a. Vacancy, va- 
cuity. Kh.-maldy Unfeigned friend- 

wiU. Khilab, s. m. p. Mire, clay, 

^J^ Khalati, a. a. See Khalerd* 

^joJLi, Khalas, a. a. Free, libe- 
rated, redeemed, done, out. Kh. 
karnd. To release. Kh. hond, 1 . 'i'o 
be freed, &c. 2. To calve, to be 
brought to bed. 3. To emit, to emit 

A^olU. Khulasa, s. m. a. 1. Es- 
sence, the best part of anything. 2. 
Abstract, abridgement, conclusion, 
inference, moral, a. Spacious, roomy. 
^^^)U. Khalasi, s. f. a. Freedom, 
liberation, redemption, discharge, s. 
m. A sailor ; a tent-pitcher ; a native 
olU. Khilaf, *. 7W. A. 1. Opposi- 
tion, contrariety, in opposition. 2« 
Falsehood. Kh.-i-rne, Against one's 
opinion or will. Kh.-i-shara, Against 
law and justice. Kh.-i-dql, Contrary 
to reason. Kh.-i-qiyds, Improbable, 


( 242 ) 


absurd. Kh.-i-mizdj, Not agreeing 
with the habit of the body (medicine). 
Kh.-tiqda, Promise-breaker. 

oJiLk Khilafat, s. f. a. Deputy- 
ship, lieutenancy, office or dignity of 
Caliph; Imperial dignity, monarchy. 

(3^ Khallaq, s. a. The Creator. 

J3U. Khilal, s. m. a. 1. A tooth- 
pick. 2. Middle. 

cJlU. Khalalat, Khilalat, or Khu- 
lalat, s. f. H. Sincere friendship. 
Khuldlat, Bits of meat sticking be- 
tween the teeth. 

(3j3U. Khalaiq, s. pi. of (3^ a. 
Men, people, the creation. 

»-i^ Khullat, s. f. A. Friendship. 

^\s^ Khalkhal, s. m. a. A ring 
of gold or silver with bells to it worn 
round the ankle. 

oAa. Khuld, s. m. a. Eternity, 

iJ^ Khalishj s. m. and /. p. 
Putting a stop to, interruption, soli- 
citude, suspicion. Kh. vthdnd, 1. 
To reconcile. 2. To excite enmity. 

t>=l^ Khalas, s. m. a. A sincere 

iil^ Khilt,* s. m. A. One of the 
four humours of the human body. 

iiii. Khalt, *. m. a. Confusion, 

A-li hi^ Khilt-i-fasid, s. a. Cank- 
er of a sore ; Cacochymia. 

AkLL Khilta, s. m. a. Conviviali- 
ty, enjoyment of society and the plea- 
sures of life. 

*ia-La. Khulta, s. m. a. Associa- 
tion, sociableness, intimacy, familia- 

^l^ Khala, p. a. Stripping off, 
deposing, removing. 

c*Ii, Khilat, or Khalat, s. m. and 
/. A. A dress, robe of honour, with 
which princes confer dignity on their 

subjects. Kh. pahrand, or dend, To 
invest with a robe of honour. 

<-fti^ Khalaf, s. m. a. 1. A suc- 
cessor, heir, favourite son, posterity 
descendants, a. Depraved, corrupted, 
Khulf, Breach of promise. 

IaLL Khulafa, s. pi. of Khalifa, A. 

(3ii«ttJl t-ftli. Khalafii-s-sidq, A. 
True or rightful heir. 

(3^ Khulq,* s. 7?i. A. Nature, qual- 
ity, good disposition. 

(3^ Khalq, * s. f. A. Creation, 
people, mankind. 

oJiUi. Khilqat, s. f. a. The crea- 
tion, world; the people, populace. 

^a. Khilqi, a. a. Natural, in- 

JJLi. Khalal, s, m. a. Interrup- 
tion, disturbance, confusion, preju- 
dice, damage, injury, ruin, hiatus. 
Kh.-i-damdgh, or Kh.-dimdgh, s. m: 
Madness, craziness, melancholy. Kh.- 
pazir. Disturbed, altered, injured. 

^y^ Khulu, s. m. A. Vacuity. 

e.^la. Khalwat, s. f. a. Retire- 
ment, solitude, privacy, a closet, pri- 
vate apartment, private conference. 
Kh -khdna, s. m. A place of retire- 
ment, private apartment. Kh.-gdh, 
s. f. A place of retirement. Kh.' 
guzin, and Kh.-nishin, a. Recluse : a 
hermit. Kh.-i-rdg, Soft musick. 

Ji^ Khalwati, s. a. One admit- 

" ted into the private apartments ; an 
intimate friend ; a hermit. 

^jcji^ Khulus, s. m. A. Purity, 
sincerity, candour, friendship, affec- 

Aia- Khala, s. v. The rudder of a 
ship or boat ; trifles ; idle talk, any- 
thing which pricks or goads ; a writ- 
ten document signed by a judge. 

\jy\^ Khalera, a. a. Descended 
from or related to a maternal aunt, as, 
Kh.-bhdi, The son of a maternal aunt. 


( 243 ) 


&kiX;L Khalita, Corrup. of^j^. 
Kh.-e-tufan, An exciter of disturban- 
ces, calumniator, wicked person. 

A«ii^ Khalifa, * *. m. a. 1. A 
successor, sovereign, (particularly ap- 
plied to the Caliphs who were the 
successors of Muhammad). 2. In 
India cooks, tailors, &c. are called 
Khalifa. 3. A fencing master. 4. A 
monitor (at school). [position. 

(3-*i-a^ Khaliq, a. a. Of good dis- 

cUi^k Khalil, s. m. a. A friend. 
Kh.-uUdh, The friend of God, Abra- 

f^ Khani, a. p. Twisted, crook- 
ed, coiled, curved, bowed, s. m. 1. A 
coil, fold, ply, curl, ringlet, bend, 
curve, crook, crookedness. 2. That 
part of a noose which encircles the 
neck. Kh. andar kham, or Kh. dar 
ftftam, Twist within twist ; curly locks. 
Kh. thonknd, bajdnd, or mdrnd, To 
strike the arms previous to wrestling, 
&c., to challenge (as wrestlers do). 
Kh.-cham, or Kh.-o-cham, s. m. Co- 
quetry, blandishment of a mistress. 
a. Elegant, graceful. Kh.-i-chaugdn, 
s. m. The bat or instrument with 
which the game of Chaugan is played. 
Kh.-ddr, a. Same as Kham, a. 

/^ Khum, *. m. p. A large jar, 
an alembick, a still. Kh. charhdnd, 
V. a. To boil clothes preparatory to 

jUi. Khumar, s. m. A. 1. Sick- 
ness, head-ache, &c. the effect of 
drinking, crapulence. 2. Intoxicat- 
ing. 3. Languishing appearances of 
the eyes, the effect of love, drowsi- 
ness, drinking, &c. Kh.-dlvd, or -4/- 
■uda, a. Intoxicating (eyes), intoxi- 
cated. Kh.-khdna, s. m. A tavern. 

jU.i' Kliaiuniar, a. a. Drunkard, 
much given to drink, crop-sick. 

ts:;Ui. Kliuniari, a. a. Drunken, 

2 u 2 

liUa. Khamana, v. a. p. u. To 

twist, curl, coil. 
j*^ Khamr, s. m. a. 1. Wine, 
spirituous liquors. 2. Covering, hid- 
ing. 3. Fermenting, leavening. 

ij*^ Khumra, *. m. a. 1. A small 
mat of palm leaves for kneeling on 
at prayers. 2. A small drum carried 
by beggars. 3. A small earthen pot 
in which leaven is prepared and kept. 

u*-*^ Khams, a. a. Five. 

u*^ Khums, a. Fifth (part). 

-"-•-♦^ Khanisa, a. f. a. Five. 

ioS..^ Khum-kada, s. m. p. A 

cA^^ Khamosh, a. p. Silent, 
dumb, interj. Silence ! 

^J^^*s>. Khamoshi, s. f. P. Silence. 

j$vU*i. Khamiyaza, s. in. p. Gap- 
ing, yawning, stretching. Kh.-kash 
p. Gaping, &c. Kh. khainchnd. To 
gape or yawn after intoxication ; 
{met.) to receive the punishment of 
one's faults or crimes. 

^fi>A*^ Khamidagi, s.f. p. Crook- 

j$^A*i. Khamida, p. p. Crooked, 
bent, curved. 

^♦jL Khamir, '\s. m. a. Leaven, 

»ji*^ Khamira,J whatever is 
used to ferment. 

ej^ Khinn, s. m. A. The hold of 
a ship. 

(^Lva. Khannas, s. in. a. The 
devil ; {met.) a wicked person. 

j^*,lii. Khannasi, a. a. Devilish. 

i3*^ Khunaq, s. m. a. The quin- 
sy, suffocation, strangulation. 

>i'-^ji' Khuns, s. rn. a. A herma- 

j^Iva. Khunsa, s. m. a. 1. A her- 
maphrodite, 2. Asphodel. 

j^^ Khanjar, *. m. a. A dagger. 

L5_/s:^^lj[hanjari, «./. a. 1. A mode 

( 244 ) 

of printing or staining silk (gulbadan). 
2. A small tambourin. 

^ylo-ii. Khandaii, p. p. Laughing, 

^^•Jda. Khandaq, s. m. a. A- ditch, 
fosse, moat. 

jjiiJ^ Khanda, 5. m. p. Laughter, 
a latigh ; a laughing stock. Kh- 
zandn. Setting up a laugh, laughing. 

y^j^ Khinzir, *. m. a. A hog. 

•Jlxi. Khunuk, a. v. \. Cold, 
cool, temperate. 2. Fortunate. 

,^^ Khunuki, *. /. p 1. Cold- 
ness, temperateness. 2. Prosperity. 

sSiA. Khing, a. p. White, s. m. 
A white, greyish, or cream-coloured 
horse ; a steed. 

^J^ Khiuga, *. m. p. An athletic 
clown, a. Able-bodied. 

li^ Khunya, s. m. p. Melody, 
singing. S^h.-gar, s. m. Musician, 
minstrel, singer. Kh.-gari, s. f. 

>»> Kho, or Khu, s. f. p. Habit, 
custom, disposition, nature. Kho- 
gar, or -pazir, a. Accustomed. Kho 
ddlnd, To habituate, to adopt a habit, 
to introduce a custom. 

wjI^A. Khwab, s. m. p. 1. Sleep. 
2. A dream. 3. Nap (of cloth). Kh.- 
dluda, a. Sleepy. Kh.-khiydl, s. ?»_ 
Spectre, phantom, delusion. Kh- 
dekhnd. To dream. Kh.-gdh, Sleep- 
ing apartments, bed-room Kh.-ndk, 
a. Sleepy, drowsy. 

»oaj'_^ Khwabida, p. p. Sleeping, 

*a-i^ Khwaja, *. m. p. A man of 
distinction, rich merchant, gentleman, 
governor. Kh. khizr, Name of a 
prophet skilled in divination, and who 
is said to have discovered the water 
of life ; hence he is considered as the 
saint of waters. The Muhammadans 
oiFer to him oblations of lamps, flow- 

ers, &c., placed on little rafts and 
launched on the river, particularly on 
Thursday evening on the month of 
Bhadon ; and it is in his honour that 
the feast of the Bera is held. Kh.- 
zdda, s. m. Master. Kh.-sard, s m. 
A eunuch. 

jlji. Khwar, a. p. 1 Poor, dis- 
tressed, deserted, abandoned, friend- 
less, wretched, contemptible, ruined 
2. p. a. Eating, eater, drinking, drin- 
ker, suflfering, sufferer. 

5;jI?-^ Klnvarij, of Khariji, a. 

f^^'j^ Khwarazm, n. p7\ p. Cho- 
rasmia, a country on the Oxus or 

t^iji. Khawariq, s. pi. o/Khariq, 
A. Contrary to nature, unusual things, 

iSJ^y^ Khwari, s. f. p. Baseness, 
distress, p. a. ( In comp.) Eating, 

»i**ii^ Khvvast, s. f. p. Desire, 
wish, request. Kh.-gdr, s. m. Candi- 
date, competitor, bidder. Kh.-gdii, 
s. f. Competition, candidateship, de- 
sire, [wished for. 

&L»\j^ Khwasta,j!?. /7. a. Desired, 

o^i_j^ Khawass, of Khass, 
a. 1. Attendants, domestics. 2. Gran- 
dees, ministers of state. 3. Proper- 
ties, qualities. 4. A page or female 
attendant on the great. 5. A favou- 
rite. Kh.-o-awdmm, Nobles and 

^[^ Khawassi, s. m. a. The 
place where one sits behind a great 
man upon an elephant. 

(j'>i. Khwan, s. m. p. A tray, p, 
a. (In comp.) Reading, singing, re- 
peating, reader. 

tA^^i^i Khwan -posh, s. 7n. p. A 
cloth for covering a tray, a tray-lid. 

«^|>i. Khvvancha, s. m. p. A 
small trav. 

( 245 ) 

jj>jot^ Khwanda, p. p. p. Read. 

(Adjectively) Having the knowledge 
of reading and writing. Nd-kliwdn- 
da, a. Ignoramus, one who cannot 

^y(ycl«Jl^ Khvvan-saman, s. m. v. 
A house- steward. 

8,>JJ|^:L Klivvananda, p. pres. p. 
(used substantively') A reader. 

^iji^ Khwaiii, s.f. p. ( In comp.) 
Reading, recitation, repeating. 

(j^|j.a. Khawaiun,*. jo/. o/Khan,A. 

8i>j^ Khvvah, 1 .p. a. p. {In comp.) 
Wishing, desiring, soliciting, requir- 
ing, as Taraqqi-khwdh, Wishing in- 
crease. Daulat-khwdh, Wishing pros- 
perity. 2. Part. p. as Khdtir-khwdh, 
The desire of one's heart. 3. conj. 
Either, or, whether. Khwdh-ma- 
khwdh, Khwdh-na-khwdh,an(i Kkwdhi- 
na-khwdhi, adv. Willing or unwilling, 
nolens volens ; certainly, positively, 
at all events. 

^yU(^;i. Khvvahaii, p. a. p. Wish- 
ing, a. or sub. Wisher, desirer, 
seeker; desirous. 

^Ija. Khwahir, s.f. p. A sister. 

tr*'^ Khwahish, s.f. p. 1. De- 
sire, wish, inclination. 2. Request. 
Kh. rakhnd. To wish, desire. Kh.- 
mand, a. Desirous. 

Vj^ Klrnb, a. v. Good, excellent, 
well, beautiful, pleasing, amiable. 
Kh.-ru, or -rue, or Kh.-surat, a. Beau- 
tiful. Kh.-surati, s.f. Beauty. 

ii)by^ Khubdn, a. pi. of Khub, 
The fair, the beautiful. 

^bji. Khubani, s. f. p. An apri- 
cot ; a dried apricot with the kernel 
of an almond inserted. 

e;3UJyji. Khubkalan, s. m. p. Name 
of a seed of a cooling quality. 

^^^ Khubi, s.f. p. Beauty, good- 
ness, excellence. 

*A.^A. Khoja, 8. m. v. A eunuch. 

dyL. Khod, s. m. p. An helmet. 

iy>^ Khud, pr. p. Self. 

^j-sr^^^i. Khud-ba-khud, p. Of 
thine, his, &c., own accord, of itself. 

viJj.yj:)jA.Khud-ba-daulat, p. You, 
your worship, sir ! His Majesty, &c. 

^i^»rfi♦^ Khud-bin, a. v. Self-con- 
ceited, proud, arrogant, presumptu- 
ous. Khud-bini, s.f. Pride, &c. 

^z^^jiijA. Khud-parast, a. p. Con- 
ceited, self-sufficient. 

j_^**^i^ Khud-parasti, s. f. p. 
Self-sufficiency, self-conceit. 

AWi^^ Khud-pasand, a. p. Self- 
complacent, self-conceited. 

lx>jj.i. Khud-sana, p. An egotist. 

^LaJ^jijs^ Khud-rukhsati, s.f. p. 
Leaving a service of one's own ac- 
count, in which case it is customary 
to deduct something from wages. 

*i*^j>^ Khud-rusta "\ a.p.Grow- 

jjj*^^ Khud-ro, j ing of it- 

self without being sown ; wild. 

j_jjli*.^j^ Khud-sitai, s.f. P. Self- 
" praise. 

j*»djs>. Khud-sar, a. p. Obstinate? 
acting of self, absolute. 

(_ffj^i^s>. Khud-sari, s. f. f. Ob- 
stinacy, independence, absoluteness. 

jjtf^ijA. Khud-gharaz, a. p. Self- 

ii*.i(^.>^ Khud-kasht, a. p. Cul- 
tivating one's own field. 

^^o^i. Khud-kami, s.f. p. Self- 
. " will, persisting in what is pleasing to 

i^y^jJ^ Khud-karda, p. Made or 
done of it self or by one's self. 

i5i-«:>^ Khud-munda, p. s. A der* 
vise, the disciple of no saint or Pir. 

Uij>i. Khud-numa, a. p. Osten- 
tatious, proud, vain, self-conceited. 

( 246 ) 

Khud-numdi, s. f. Self-conceit, osten- 
tation, vanity. 

iSi^ Khudi, s. f. P. Selfishness, 
pride, vanity. 

jj^ Khur, a. p. Worthy. Bar- 
hhur, a. Worthy, s. m. 1. The sun. 
2. Food, eating, p. a. {In comp.) 
Eating, drinking. 

wl^^ Khiuab, s. p. Dirty water ; 
a flood-gate. 

iJ\j^ Khurak, s. f. p. Food, vic- 
tuals; daily food, eatables ; one meal, 
one dose of medicine. 

^t.j:k Khuraki, s. f. p. Daily 
allowance of food, or of money to 
purchase; subsistence money. 

trJ^-l**- Khurjin, s. m. p. A. wal- 
let, portmanteau. 

c>j^ Khurd, a. p. Small. Kh.-sdl, 
a. Young. Kh.'sdli, s. f. Youth. 
Kh.-mahall, s- m. The apartments of 
the concubines of great men. 

iy,3yjL Khurdaii, *. p. 1. Eating, 
drinking, devouring. 2, Suflfering. 

ij)^jj=^ Khurdani, s. f. p. Provi- 

iij^ Khurda, p.p. p. 1. Eaten, 
taken. 2. Afflicted, s. m. A blemish. 
Kh.-bin, s. m. and Kh.-gir, A critici- 
ser, caviller. Kk-pakarnd. To criti- 
cise. Kh'farosh, s. m. A retailer, a 

^si)j,y^ Khurdi, s. f. p. Childhood. 

L)^^ Khm-diya, s. m. p. A mo- 

<5>W)^ Khursand, a. p. Content- 
ed, pleased. 

{J>jy=^ Khurish, s. f. p. Eating 
and drinking. 

<^j^ Khurshaid, or Khurshed, 
s. m. p. The sun. Kh.-ru, Having a 
countenance dazzling as the sun. 

ij^jj^ Khurrami, s. f. p. See ^j=^ 

xjjj^ii. Khurinda, ji;. a. p. Eating. 
s. Ad eater, gormandizer. 

t)y^ Khura, s. in. p. The leptosy, 

is:)jys>. Khuzadi, a. f. p. Undress- 
ed, unadorned (a woman). 

{J>y=>- Khush, a. p. 1. Pleased, 
delighted, cheerful, merry, happy, 
glad, content, willing. 2. Excellent, 
good, amiable, elegant. 3. Delicious, 
pleasant, sweet. 4. Healthy. Kh.~ 
hhurram, a. cheerful, gay. 

i^js,- Khiisha, interj. p. Happy ! 
blessed ! How fortunate ! 

^sy^'-^)S>. Khush-akhtari, s. f. v. 
Good fortune. 

.^y.^i-ijA Khush-uslub, a. p. 

j\jhlS,y^ Khush-atwar, a. p. a. 

j\J»\m^ Khush-iqrar, a. 
Good in promising. 

i^jlar'U^ Khush-illian, a. p. 
Sweetly singing. Khush-ilhdni, s. f. 
Sweet singing, melody. 

«>>cLi^ Khush-amad, s. 
Flattery. Khush-dtnadi, s. 

j*l«>JLAjA. Khush-andain, a. p. 

waz, "1 a. 

i.>jjfcLi^ Khush-ahang, J S 
:ed, melodiou 

P. A. 


/. P. 
A flat- 


j^jImj^ Khush-awaz, 

ojfcLi^ Khush- 

voiced, melodious. 

»^=^ Khiish-ayand, or -ayanda, 
a. p. Flattering ; grateful, whole- 
some, amiable, agreeable, pleasing, 

f^ix^jA, Khush-bash, a. p. Free 
to stay or depart. K hush. 'bash* s.f. 
Liberty to stay or go ; a welcome. 

^x«^ Khush-bo, a. v. Fragrant. 
s. f. Fra-^rance, odours. Khtish-boi, 
s. f. Perfume, fragrance. 

yjUxi^ Khush-bayan, a. v. Elo- 
quent, perspicuous. 

j\SjxJi,jL. Khush-purkar,a. P. Well- 
proportioned, well-shaped. 

( 247 ) 

tJlitjXM,^ Khush-poshak, ft. p. 

jJily;-Mji.Khush-tarash, a. p. Well- 
made, elegantly cut or shaped. 

^^jXmja. Khush-tarkib, a. P. 
Elegant in form. 

y^yd^,^ Khush-taqnr, a. p. Elo- 

^.iiJE-'^ Khusli-chashmi, s. f. p. 
The having beautiful eyes. 

(_A4^^ Khush-chhab, a. p. h. 
Well- shaped. 

J^s.^j^ Khush-hal, a. p. a. Hap- 
py, fortunate, in pleasant circum- 

JLr-^^ Kluish-khal, s. p. A mis- 
tress, sweetheart. 

Ajli-^ji. Khush-kluina, *. m. p. 
(See Qush-khiina), An aviar)'. 

f^jssr^^ Khush-khabai-i, *. /. p. 
Glad tidings. 

^^js:^js^ Khush-khiram, a. p. 
Walking gracefully. 

Sijs:^j^ Khush-khaml, s. f. p. 
Paying ready money, purchasing in 
private sale. 

JUfti-*^ Khush-khisal, a. p. a. 

Affable, of good disposition, well-bred. 
ks^fj,j^ Khush-khatt, s. a. p. 

Elegant writing. 
(3JLi.jJi^ Khush-khulq, a. a. p.! 
j^Jl^j^L Khush-kho, a. p. J 

See Kh.-khisdl. 
j\js^js>, Khush-khwar, s. p. A 

good-liver, one who lives well, 
cjl^i^j-^ Klmsh-khwaii, ft. P. 

Sweetly singing. 

^J\J,ys^^ Khush-khurak, s. v. 

One wiio lives well, a bon-vivant. 
(^;^i^^a. Khush-khun, s. f. p. 
" Good eating and drinking ; gor- 

^^xljJi^a. Khush-daman, *. /. p. 

Mother-in-law, wife's or husband's 

Jiiwiji. Khush-dil, a. p. Happy, 
pleased. Khush-dili, s. f. Happiness, 

{iM>^js^ Khush-dahan,^ a. p. 

^,^ji^ Khush-dahaii,J Hav- 
ing a pleasing or beautiful mouth. 

jyjkxi^Khush-dahani,5./. P. Ele- 
gance or beauty of the mouth. 

AAjiJ^^ Khush-zaiqa, a. p. a. 

High- flavoured, grateful to the taste. 

j\lsj^^ Khush-raftar, a. p. 

Graceful in walking or in motion. 
^j^j^ Khush-rau, a. v. Pleas- 
ant-paced. Khush-ru, a. Beautiful. 

c'jjr^^ Khush-zabaii, a. p. Ele- 
gant, plausible. Kkush-zabini, s. f 
Elegance or sweetness of language. 

Xr*'^_^ Khush-sakhra, s. p. A 
pleasant or humorous fellow. 

^\s.^\j^ji^ Kliush-saranjam, a. p. 
Happy, fortunate. 

^:>\y^^ Khush-sawadi, s. f. p. 
Pleasant environs. 

^la-i^ Khush-taba, a. v. a. 
Pleasant, merry. 

Khush-z^hir, a. p. a. 
Pleasing in appearance, handsome. 

lylix^a. Khush-inan, a. p. a. 
Tractable, easy, light (in hand, a 

^J^Sii,J^ Kbusb-fiali, s. f. p. a. 
Pleasant action. 

vi,>olfl-i^:k Khusb-qamatjl 

i>s^j^ Khush-qadd, J ' * * 
Well-shaped, of elegant stature; a 

^a.A^jL Khush-qata, ft. f. a. Well- 
shaped, nicely cut out. 

^J^.]oki^y^ Kluisb-qati, s. f. p. a. 
Elegance of cut or shape. 

^^i.>fl-i^ Khush-qumash, a. p. a. 
Of good texture or quality. 


( 248 ) 

^^♦xij;^. Khush-kamar, a. p. Beau- 
tiful in the waist. 

lyXi^ Khush-gap, a. v. Conver- 

sible, pleasant, chatty. 
ji^^ Khush-go, a. p. Eloquent. 
jt^X-i.^ Khnsh-guwar, a. p. Sweet, 
easy of digestion, delicious. 

<_;.UU^ Khush-libas, a. p. Well- 

ly^j^ Khush-maza, a. p. Deli- 

^^x*^j^ Khush-ma^shi, s. f. p. 

' Good living. 

c-Ajj^AJui^a. Khush-nasib, a. v. For- 
tunate. Khush-nasibi, s. f. Good 

A^Li^ Khush-naghma, a. p. 

xlSii.i. Khush-nigah, a. p. Of 
pleasing aspect, well-looking. 

Uik^^a, Khush-numa, a. p. Beau- 
tiful, neat, pretty. Khush-numii, s. f. 
Beauty, splendour. 

^yJ>j». Khush-nud, a. p. Pleased, 
contented, delighted. Khush-nudi, 
s.f. Pleasure, delight. 

^^^y^js>, Khush-nawis, a, p. 
Writing an elegant hand ; a fine wri- 
ter ; a writing-master. 

oJyiyi. Khush-waqt, a. p. Hap- 
py, pleased, delighted. 

&^ji>^ Khosha, s. m. p. An ear of 
corn; an earing, a spike; a bunch 
(of grapes, &c.) Kh.-chin. A gleaner. 

^j=>- Khushi, *. /. p. Delight, 
pleasure, cheerfulness, gaiety, mirth, 
joy. Jfh.-khushi, or Kh.-se, Happily, 
with pleasure, cheerfully. 

(je>^ Khauz, s. m, a. Purposing, 
resolving, intending, considering, 

ijj-i. Khauf, s, m. a. Fear. Kh.- 
rajd, s. m. Fear and hope ; suspense. 
Kh.'U'ik, a. Frightful, terrifying. 

<Syi>. Kliuk, s. m. p. A hog. 
^^^ Kho-gar,"Y ;^ar/. p. Render- 
j4y=- Khu-gir,J ed mild, tam- 
ed, accustomed. 
j4)^ Khogir, s. m. p. The stuf- 
fing of a saddle ; a pad, pack-saddle. 
Kh.-doz, s. m. A saddle-maker. 

lyl^^^ Kholinjan, s. m. p. Galan- 

ci>^ Khun, s. m. p. 1. Blood. 2. 
Murder. Kh.-jigar pind, or hhdnd. To 
work one's self to death. Kh. chdtnd 
To be stained with blood (a weapon). 
Kh. sir charhnd, To be distracted by 
assassinating a person. Kh. sufaid 
karnd, To be unkind or displeased. 
Kh, karnd. To assassinate, kill. 

w\jji. Khun-ab or -aba, s. m. p. 
Bloody water, tears of blood (See also 

l«Uifijj^ai.Khun-asham, a. p. Drink- 
ing blood, ferocious, cruel. 

^Liile)>i. Khun-afshani, *. /. p. 
Pouring out of blood, shedding of 

i^i^^iiij^ Khiin-aluda, a. p. Stain- 
ed with blood. 

jLwjai. Khun-bar, a. p. Raining or 
weeping blood (generally spoken of 
the eyes of a lover), 

il^jL. Khun-bagta, a. p. Bound 
or clotted together with blood. 

l^^i- Khun-baha, s. m. p. The 
price of blood, retaliation for murder. 

tijL^yk Khun-chakan, a. p. 
Dropping blood. tray. 

^j=^ Khuncha, s. m. p. A small 

&Ajs?ys^ Khun-kharaba, s. m. p. 
liloody work, deeds of death, murder 
on either side. 

j\y^jSK Khun-khwar, s. p. An ani- 
mal that feeds on blood ; a murderer. 

jl»^^ Khun-dar, a. p. Bloody, 

( 249 ) 

Jj/^ Khun-rez, s. p. Blood- 
ehedder, murderer. Khm-rezi, s. f. 
Shedding of blood, slaughter. 

ejl^iftijA. Khun-fishdn, a. p. Mur- 

&SJjijjA. Khun-girifta,a. p. Doom- 
ed to be slain. 

Ajljejy^ Khun-naba, *. p. Blood 
turned to water and dissolved from 
the body through grief. 

^y^ Khuni, s. m. f. p. Murderer. 
a. Sanguinary, bloody, relating to 
murder or blood. 

i^y^^' KhuniMj a. p. Bloody. 

<Hj^ Khawid, s. m. p. A green 
field, a sown field, green grass cut 
for cattle, green corn. 

cri?-^ Khwesh, pr. p. Self, own. 
s. m. A kinsman ; a son-in-law ; a 
family. Kh.-qardbit, Kinsmen, rela- 

^^,ja. Khweshi, *. /. p. Relation- 

^^A. Khahe, interj, p. Well-done ! 
bravo ! how excellent ! 

e^ULi. Khiydban, s. m. p. A 

jUa. Khiyar, s. in. a. 1. Choice, 
election. 2. A cucumber. 

<_5jUi. I^hayari, s. f. a. A kind of 

^^jUA. Khiyarain, s. m. a. Cu- 
cumbers, (of two kinds.) 

l,\xL. Khaiyat, s. m. a. A tailor. 

Jsljfi. Khiyat, s. f. a. A needle. 

Jly^. Khiyaljt s. m. a. 1. Ima- 
gination, fancy, thought, considera- 
tion. 2. Phantom, delusion, vision. 
3. A kind of song. Kh.-i-bdtil, Fool- 
lish imagination. Kh.-pafnd, To pur- 
sue an object. Kh. puldo pakdnd, To 
indulge in vain speculations or ab- 
surd fancies ; to build castles in the 
air. Kh chhornd, To be out of con- 

2 K 

ceit with. Kh.'i-khild/at, Ambition. 

Kh-i-khdm, A vain, ridiculous idea. 
cJ/La. Khiyalat, s. pi. of Khiyal, 

A. Kh.-i-la-tdil, Ill-grounded expecta- 
ij^^ Khiyali, a. a. Fanciful, 

capricious, fantastical. 
•^k^ Khiyanat, s. f. A. Perfidy, 

treachery, embezzlement. 
,ji=^ Khair,*t «• a. Good, best. 

adv. Well. s. f. Goodness, health, 

happiness. Kh. o qfiyat, s. f. Health, 

e>l^^ Khairat, *./. pi. o/Khair, a. 

Alms, charity. 
(Jb^ Khairati, a. a. Intended 

for charitable purposes ; given (or to 

be given) or received in charity. 
t-^lHH^ Khairu-n-nisa, *. a. The 

best of women, Fatima. 
cAi"^!/*^ Khair-andesh, s. p. A 

well-wisher, a friend. 
i>^j*^ Khair-bad, p. May he 

prosper ! 
j^j^ Khair-khabar, p. News. 
*[>^iri!^ Khair-khwah, s. p. A 

friend, well-wisher. 
4^^^ Khiragi, s.f. p. Darkness, 

«^ Khira, a. p. I. Dark. 2. 

Wicked, malignant, vain. 
«i»J^ai. Khairiyat, s.f. a. Welfare. 
Jj^i. Khez, p. a. p. Rising, leap- 
ing, bounding, galloping, capering* 

raising, exciting, producing. 
^jmxL. Kliaishum, s. m. a. I. The 

nose or the cartilaginous part of the 

nose. 2. Nasal letters. 3. The ridge 

or summit of a mountain. 
(S^ Khail, s. m. a. Horsemen, 

JjjA. Khail, s, f. p. An army, a 

multitude of people. 
%i. l^haila, s.f. a. A woman hav- 


( 250 ) 


ing many moles (a great beauty 
among the Arabs). 

<ijt^ Khaile, adv. p. Many, much, 
very, extremely. 

^^ Khaima, or Kluma, s. m. a. 
A tent, pavilion. Kh-doz. A tent-ma- 
ker. Kh karnd. To encamp. Kh-gdh, 
s.f. A camp. 

<5 Dal is the eighth letter of the 

Arabic and tbe tentb of the Persian 
Alphabet. In Abjad it stands for 
four; hence in Almanacks it repre- 
sents the fourth day of the week, 
Wednesday; in astronomy it denotes 
the planet Mercury or the sign Leo 
of the Zodiack. In Persian the letter 
may be changed into te ; and when 
the preceding letter is AUf, waw, or 
ye, or is moveable by a short vowel, 
it may be converted into zdl, as Gum- 
baz for Gumbad, A dome. 

v'*^ Dab, s. m. A. 1. Custom, 
manner, institution. 2. State, con- 
dition. 3. Vehement or forcible pro- 
pulsion. D.-i-suhbat, s. m. Good 
manners, civilization. 

Lwl.j Dabna, v. a. h. To press 
down, suppress, chub, squeeze. Dab- 
rakhnd. 1. To conceal, to steal and 
conceal. 2. To press (particularly 
with the thighs), to retain by pressure, 
to gripe (as money). Ddb-lend, To 

jr'^ Daj, s. m. a. Darkness, ob- 
scurity ; a dark night. 

<J<i.lj» Dakhil, j9. a. a. 1. Enter- 
ing, penetrating, arriving. 2. (Ad- 
jectively) Entered, produced. 3. (Sub- 
stantively) Inside, interior part ; with- 
in. X). khdrij karnd, To transfer 
property (by taking out the name of 
the former proprietor from a deed or 
register and inserting that of the 

■new). D. karnd, To cause to enter 
or arrive, to place or fix in ; to pro- 
duce, include, insert. D. hond. To 
enter, arrive, penetrate; to belong, 
appertain ; to be inserted. 

il^'.> Dakhila, s. m. a. A receipt 
for money, &c. 

,_5U.t^ Dakhili, a. a. Contained, 
belonging to, inherent. 

,>l.i Dad, s. m. s. A ring-worm, 

i>\i> Dad, s.f. P. 1. A gift, a giv- 
ing. 2. Justice, equity, law. 3. 
Revenge, p. p. (In comp.) Given, 
as Khudd-d'id, Given by God. D- 
be-ddd karnd. To demand justice. 
D. dent. To praise one's actions pro- 
perly; to make reparation. D. ko 
pahunchnd. To administer justice, to 
obtain justice. D. lent. To take re- 
venge. D. milni, To obtain redress. 
D.-o-beddd, Crying out for help or 
justice. D.-o-sitdd, Giving and tak- 
ing, traffick. 

I.i(«> Dada, s. m. h. 1. Paternal 
grandfather. 2. Elder brother. 

j'ii'o Dadar, *. m. p. Bringer or 
distributer of justice (God). 

»l^il«> Dad-khwah, a. p. Demand- 
ing justice, a petitioner of justice, 

(_A*L>'^'i'«> Dad-khwahish,\ /. 

^At^^li Dad-khwahi, J 
Demanding of justice. 

4jijk.iot>> Dad-dihish, S. f. p. Li- 
berality, a present. 

u^jo\i Dad-ras, a. p. Administer- 
ing justice, 
^.ilj Dad-gar, s. p. Administra- 
tor of justice. 

ej^x):>l^ Dad-mardan, s. m. s. A 
plant used to cure the ringworm 
(Cassia alata). 

^j>b Dadni, s. f. p. Advances of 


( 251 ) 


Xib Dada, p. p. p. Given. 

t5^li Dadi, s. f, H. Paternal 

LS'^k^i^^^ Dadi-faryadi, p. A 

plaintiflP, complainant, 
jb Dar, * s. m. a. A dwelling, 
mansion, habitation, abode, country. 
Ddr-ul-amdn, s. m. The house of safe- 
ty, i. e. a country in which there is 
peace. Ddr-ul-baqd, The abode of 
permanency, i. e. the next world. 
Ddr-ul-bawdr, s. m. The abode of 
perdition, hell. Ddr-ul-khild/at, -sal- 
tanat, -imdrat, -hukumat, s. m. The 
seat of empire, royal residence, the 
capital. Ddr-ul-harb, The mansion of 
war, i. e. a country where Muham- 
madanisra does not prevail. Ddrus- 
saldm. The mansion of safety, heaven. 
Ddr-ush-shara, A court of law, a spi- 
ritual court. Ddr-ush-shifd, or Ddr- 
ulmaraz, s. m. An hospital. Ddr- 
uz-zarb, s. m. A mint. Ddr-ul-ilm, 
A college, school, university. Ddr- 
ul-fand, s. f. The abode of frailty or 
of mortality, i. e. the world. Ddr- 
ul-qardr, The mansion of rest, i. e. 
the grave. Ddr-o-dasla, House and 

j'.i Dar, s. m. p. A gallows, gib- 
bet, an empaling stake. D. par 
khainchnd. To impale. j9. a. (In comp.) 
Having, possessing, holding, holder, 
possessor, keeper, lord, master. 

•;!.> Dara, n. pr. p. Datius. 

J^j\i Darai, s. f. p. Red silk 
' cloth. 

t5^-l;f>)''^ Dar-chini, *. /. p. Cin- 

j4j,^i Dar-gir, *. m. v. Seizing 
(particularly thief- taking) ; tumult, 

jtj-<s,i^ Dar-madar, *. m. p. Agree- 
ment, stipulation, adjustment of a 

2 K 2 

^jlj Daru, s. f.n. 1. Spirituous 
liquors. 2. Gunpowder. 

;>;b Darii, 5. /. p. Medicine. D.- 
darman, Application of medicine. X). 
lagni, To take effect (medecine). 

^jj\:> Darogha, s. m. p. The head 
man of an office, a superintendent, 

t^j'ii Darain, s. dual. o/Dar, a. 
The two abodes, namely, this world 
and the next. [ate. 

j«3l.> Darim, *. m. s. A pomegran- 

8;!^ Darh, s.f. s. See JSjiS 

^Ajt^ Darhi, s. f. s. Beard, D, 
bandna, or mundnd. To shave. 

cr'«> Das, s. m. p. A sickle, 

lyLLwl^ Dastan, s. f, p. A story, 
fable, tale. 

^J,\d Dasht, s. /.p. 1. Bringing 
up, breeding, taking care of, patron- 
age. 2. Service. 

43^1.3 Dai, 5. m. A. 1. A well wish- 
er, one who prays for the welfare of 
another. 2. A plaintiff. 3. One who 
instigates another to anything, insti- 
gator, author, cause. 

^h D^iya, s. m, a. Petition, 
plaint, desire, wish. 

'fh Dagh, s. m. p. Spot, stain, 
mark, scar, freckle, mark made by 
burning with a hot iron, cautery, a. 
Wounded, cauterized, having many 
scars. D. bar bdlde ddgh. One mis- 
fortune following another. D. chaf' 
hand, or lagdnd. To vilify, defame. 
D.-ddr, a. Scarred, cauterized, spot- 
ted, marked. D. dend, 1. To mark 
by burning with a hot iron, to caute- 
rize. 2. To blemish. D. land. To vili- 
fy. D. lagnd, 'i'o be damaged, to get 
a bad name. 

liil^ Daghna, v. a. p. ii. 1. To 
cauterize, mark by branding. 2. To 
fire (a gun, &c.). 


( 252 ) 


^li Daghi, a. p. Spotted, stain- 
ed. D. karnd, To stain, to blemish. 

*«S'ti Dakh, s.f. a. A raisin, grape. 

Jl^ Dal, s. f. s. Pulse, vetches. 
D. galni kisi hi, v. n. To have an ad- 
vantage, to avail. 

J'.i Dall, a. A. Indicative, signi- 
ficant, expressive, typical, index. 

ly^ti Dalan, s. m. p. A hall. Dar- 
ddldn, s. m. An outer hall. 

(»l^ Dam, s. m. p. A net, snare. 
D.-ddr, s. A person who uses a net, 
a fisherman. D.-gdh, A place of 

(•!.> Dam, s. m. H. 1. The twen- 
ty-fourth part of a paisa. 2. Price. 

(•'•i Dama, v. past tense, ^d per. 
sing. m. a. May it be perpetual. D.- 
zilluhu or -zilluhum. May his or their 
prosperity continue. [law. 

iUli Damad, s. m. p. A son-in- 

ts-iUii,5 Damadi, *. /. p. State, 
quality or right of a son-in-law. 

}(L.Ul.i Daniasah, n. pr. h. Name 
of a merchant, who dying insolvent, 
his eflFects were divided among his 
creditors in proportion to their claims. 

^UU.^ Damasahi, s. f. h. Pro- 
' portioning, equal assessment, divi- 
dend (of a bankrupt's property). 

tyU>i^ Daman,! s. m.v. 1. Skirts. 

eyo'i Daman, J 2. Sheet (of a 
sail). 3. The foot or declivity of a 
mountain. D. pakarnd. To prevent, 
to oppose, to take protection or re- 
fuge. D. phaildnd, To beg, petition, 
desire. D. tale chhipdnd, 1. To pro 
tect. 2. To commit crimes secretly. 
£). jhdrkar uthnd, To rise quickly in 
displeasure. D. jkatak lend, To re- 
fuse, to decline clownishly. D. chku- 
rdnd. To escape, get rid of, to come 
off. D. dabd baithnd, To intrude 
upon. D.-se lagnd. To depend upon, 
to claim protection. 

c;'-»*lcr«b Daman-afshan, a. p. 
Walking proudly or gracefully. 

j\:n^\ii Daman-dar, a. p. Wide 

lyL^f^yci^ Daman -kashan, a. p. 
Abandoning, turning away from. 

j^i^A Daman -gir, a. p. 1. At- 
tached to, depending on ; an adherent, 
dependent. 2. Demanding justice, 

ti>i^er^l«i Daman-giri, *./. P. At- ,, 
tachment, friendship, applying for i 
justice, arraignment. 

*^!^ Damana, s. m. p. See Daman . 

,y-oi,i Damani, s.f. p. 1. Scrap of 
the shroud of a deceased person kept 
by his relations. 2. Saddle cloth, 
housings, furniture. 3. An ornament 
worn on the forehead . 

y-^b Dami, s. f. H. An assess- 
ment. X). lagdnd. To assess. 

iyi»> Dan, s. m. s. Charity, alms, 

11)1 .> Dan,p. «.p. (In comp.) Know- 
ing, understanding; as Qadr-ddn, 
Knowing the value or quality of per- 
sons : also an affix denoting a recep- 
tacle, place, or stand, as Shamq-ddn, 
A candlestick. 

IJij Dana, a. p. Wise, learned. 
D.-e-dahr, Wise. 

*^'i\^ Dant, *. m. s. A tooth. D. 
ungli kdtnd. To bite the finger (is a 
term expressive of being surprised). 
D. bdjnd, Chattering of the teeth, 
squabbling, sparring, wrangling. D. 
bajna, v. n. To chatter the teeth. D. 
par charhdnd. To detract from the 
virtues or praise of another. D. pis- 
nd, To gnash the teeth, to grin. D. 
tale ungli dabdnd, or kdfnd, To stand 
in amaze, to be amazed, to wonder. 
D. rakhnd, or liond kisi par. To desire 
any thing exceedingly ; to hate. D. 
kati roti khdnd, To be the most inti- 


( 253 ) 


mate friend of any one. D. katkatd- 
nd, V. n. To gnash the teeth. JD. 
kachkachund. To grin, to shew the 
teeth. D. khatte karnd, To disheart- 
en, displease. D. Idnd, or nikdlnd, 
To grow (teeth). D. nikdlnd. To 
laugh, grin ; to confess or express 
inability and helplessness. Ddnton 
zamin pakarni, To be reduced to ex- 
tremities, to suffer great pain. Dan- 
ton-mdrnd. To gnash the teeth with 

(jij\c> Dantan, s. m. s. A stick 
used as a tooth-brush. 

^/J!^ Danti, s. f. s. The tooth of 
a saw or other instrument. D. parnd, 
V. n. To be notched or indented (the 
edge of a tool). D. dend, To insist 
upon. D. lagnd. To have a locked 
jaw. [ment. 

SJb Dand, s. m. s. Fine, punish- 

l.>JLk/c|5ob Danda-menda, s. m. s. 
H. The boundary between the lands 
of two proprietors. 

t^5Jb Daridi, s. /. s. A balance. 

o~.j'^ Danist s. f. p. Knowledge, 

4i«Jli Danista, p. p, p. Known ; 

o*J'<> Danish, s. f. p. Knowledge, 
science, learning. 

•-fci^ Dang, s.f.v. 1. A weight, 
the fourth part of a dram. 2. The 
sixth part, or the side or quarter (of 
a city, country, &c.) 

jj.>.ij|.> Daninda, orDananda, J9. p. 

Knowing, intelligent, skilled. 
^'.> Danw, s. m. h. Ambuscade, 

ambush, snare; opportunity, power; 

twisting of one another in wrestling. 

D. baithnd. To lie in ambush. D. 

pakarnd, To wrestle. D. chaldnd, 

To take advantage of. 
yh Danw, *. m. p. A stake or 

wager ; a throw or cast of the dice. 

*il.> Ddna, s. m. p. A grain, seed, 
corn, speck, pimple. D. badalnd, 
V. a. To carress as birds do by join- 
ing bills. D. badlauwal, Billing, 
carressing as birds do by joining 
bills. D. pdni, s. m. Food, victuals, 
meat and drink. D.-ddr, a. Granu- 
lated ; having the appearance of being 
granulated ; containing grain. D. 
ddn karnd, To mingle, confound or 
destroy. D.-kesh, s. m. A kind of 
embroidered neck cloth worn in cold 
weather over the cloak. 

^J^i> Dani, p. (In comp.) 1. dimin. 
of Ddn, Receptacle, stand, place, &c. ; 
as, Tel-ddni, An oil-pot. 2. Know- 

jl^ Dao, s, m. p. H. 1. A bill or 
kind of hatchet with a hooked point. 
2. Vicissitude, turn, opportunity. D. 
bdndhnd, or badnd. To bet, to wager. 
See Danw. 

I^li Daua, s. m. u. See Daya. 

i>^\i Daud, n. pr. a. David. 

cff^j'o Daudi, 5. /. a. 1. A shrub 
that bears a flower like Chamomile 
(Chrysanthemum indicura) ; a kind 
of firework Uke that flower. 2. A 
kind of armour, a. Relating to David, 
of David. 

jj'i Dawar, s. m. p. A sovereign. 

cf^^'i Dawari, s.f. p. Sovereignty. 

c^^lvi Daon, s. m. ii. See Danw. 

lAl:> Daha, s. m. p. The ten days 
of the Muharrara in which the toraba 
of Hasan and Husain are carried 
about and then thrown into the river 
or other water. 

LxAb Dahina, a. s. Right (oppos- 
ed to left). 

^ykb Dahi, a. a. Shrewd, ingeni- 
ous, penetrating. 

t5'''> Dai, s./. p. 1. A milk-nurse. 
2. A midwife. D.-pildi, s. f. A wet- 
nurse. D, jandi, s. f, A midwife. 


( 254 ) 


D. ko sompnd. To put out to nurse. 
D. khildi, A dry nurse. D.-gari, s.f. 

L|!.3 Daya, s. m. p. The husband 
of a nurse called Dai; a male nurse. 

_^lj Dair, p. a. a. Encircling. 
D.-o-sdir, Going the circuit (judges, 
&c.), absolute, invested with autho- 

XyJ^ Daira, s. m. A. 1. A circle, 
ring, circumference, orbit. 2. A 
tambourin. 3. A monastery. 

/♦Ji«> Daim, a. a. Perpetual, con- 
tinual, permanent, always. D.-ul- 
hhamr, a. Sot, drunkard. D.-ul- 
maraz. Eternally sick. 

fj*j\c> Daimi, s. f. a. Perpetuity, 

(jji^. uri'i Daen-baen, s. On the 
right and left. 

*j'^ Daya, *. /. p. A nurse, a mid- 

v«> Dubb, s. m. A. 1. State, con- 
stitution, condition, custom, manner, 
property, quality. 2. A bear. 3. 
(met) A fool. D.-i-asgkar, The less- 
er Bear. D.-i-akbar, The greater 

Ij^ Daba, s. m. h. Ambush. D. 
mdmd, To lie in wait. 

ij^ii Dubara, adv. p. Twice. See 

^Ij-i Dabbagh, s. m. a. A currier, 

IJlJi Dabana, v. a. h. 1. To press 
down. 2. To snub, chide, keep under. 
Dafia-Zend, To encroach upon. Dabd- 
mdrnd, To overcome, get the better 
of; to crush to death. Dabde ddind, 
To keep concealed, to hide (general- 
ly furtively.) 
jlji Dabao, s. m. ii. Strength, 
power, authority, pressure; resigna- 
tion, submissiveness. D. mdnnd. To 
stand in awe. 

•JjiSJi Dabdaba, *. m. a. Dignity, 

state, pomp. 
y.i> Dubur, s. f. a. The backside, 

posteriors, podex. 
JJ>> Dabz, a. p. Thick. 
iyUL.ji Dabistan, s. m. p. A school. 
IJ^j Dabkana, v. a. n. 1. To 
snub, check, chide, threaten. 2. To 
hide, conceal. 
^.i> Dabkar, s. f. p. s. A trap. 

Li^.i Dabakna, v. n. h. To crouch, 
skulk, lie in ambush; to be awed; 
to twinkle. Dabak-dnd, -jdnd, or -rah- 
nd, V. n. To sneak, to skulk. Dabak- 
haithnd, v. n. To crouch. 

(_5^^ Dabki, s. f. H. Ambush, 
crouching. D. vidrnd, To lie in 

^i Dubla, a. s. Thin, lean, poor, 
barren. D.-pd, or pand, Leanness. 

jy iL^ Dublai, s.f. a. Thinness, &c. 

lij.i Dabna, v. n. n. 1. To crouch, 
shrink, be pressed down, be awed, 
be snubbed. 2. To be concealed. 
Dab-dnd, v. n. To advance. Dab- 
jdnd, To retire, withdraw, be morti- 
fied. Dab-chalnd or -nikalnd. To 
be awed, overpowered. Dab-mamd, 
To be crushed to death. Dabe pdon, 
With silent steps, softly, gently. 

j^i Dabur, s. f. a. Zephyr, west- 

cr^-i Dabus, *. m. p. a. A club. 

UjJi Dubusa, s. m. p. The cabin 
of a ship, stern. 

iJi Dabba, s. m. a. A leathern 

vessel for holding oil. 
^:> Dabir, s. m. v. A writer, 
secretary, notary. [lop. 

oo^ Dapat, s. f. H. Course, gal- 

^jj Du-patta, s. m. p. s. See **Jj*>. 

GlLi Daptana, v. a. h. To gallop. 

lj^.> Dapatna, v. n. h. To gallop, 

( 255 ) 


itiy.> Datwan, s. m. s. A tooth- 

JW^ Dajjal, s. A. 1. A liar, an 
impostor. 2. Antichrist. 

4^.i Dijla, s. m. A. 1. A lake. 
2. The river Tigris. 

jIa.^ Duchar, s. f. p. See j^'^j^- 

mla.^ Dukhan, 5. y». a. Smoke. 

^i^d Dukhani, a. a. Smoky. 

vi»i.i Dukht, "^ 5. /. p. A • daugh- 

jAA.'i Dukhtar,J ter, girl, virgin. 
D.-i-raz, (Daughter of the vine) Wine. 

J^i Dakhl, 5. m. A. 1. Entrance, 
intrusion, interference, disturbance, 
molestation. 2. Produce, income. 
D. pdnd, V. a. To have access. D. 
karnd, To meddle, interrupt, take 

Jjp'ii Dakhil, «. a. 1. Intimate, 
familiar. 2. Admitted, allowed, en- 
trance, s. m. A friend, confidant. 

,5^ Dad, s. p. A beast of prey. 

I>i<i Dada, s. f. p. t. A maid-ser- 
vant, a nurse. 

AA^^ Dadhi, s. m. s. Sour, thick 
milk ; coagulated milk. 

j\i>iii) Dudhar, a. s. Giving milk, 

^i»j Duddhi, *. /. s. A medici- 
nal herb. (Euphorbia hirta and 
thymi folia). 

JjjA^i Dudhail, a. f. s. See Dud- 

ji Dar, *. m. v. A door. prep. In, 
at, on, into. p. a. (In comp.) Rend- 
ing, tearing. D.-o-dewdr dekhni, To 
expect or await with solicitude and 
anxiet)'. D.-gir-i-suhbat, In the cap- 
tivation or admiration of society. 

ji Durr, s. m. a. A pearl. D.- 

afshdn. Scattering pearls, eloquent. 
D.-bdr, a. Raining pearls. D.-rez, 
(Shedding pearls,) eloquent. D.-rezi, 
s.f. Eloquence. 

j^ Dur, interj. p. s. Avaunt ! 

^ji Dara, s. m. p. The highway. 

fjo Dara, s. v. A. bell. 

^t;.> Durrdj, s. m. a. A partridge. 

^ji) Darraj, s. a. A. hedgehog. 

j\)i) Darar, s. m. s. A crack, fis- 
sure, rent, rift. 

j\j:> Daraz, a. p. Long. D.-dasti, 
s.f. Oppression. 

(SJb'^ Darazi, s. f. p. Length, 

<i.^f^^ Dar-amad, s. f. p. Coming 
in, receipt, p- p. Come in. 

wj;^ Daran, j9. a. p. Rending, tear- 

IJt;^ Dar-ana, v. n. p. h. \. To 

come in, arrive, penetrate. 2. To come 

t^Jol;'^ Daranti, s.f. h. A sickle. 

i5'' .j> Durrani, s. m. p. The name 
of a tribe of Pathans inhabiting the 
country about Qandahar (called also 

J^ji Darai, s.f. v. 1. A bell. 2. 
A blacksmith's hammer. 3. Contra- 
diction, repugnance. 4. Entering ; 
conversation, talking, beginning of a 
discourse. Harza-dardi, s. f. Talk- 
ing nonsense, chattering. Dida-dardi, 
s.f. Intercourse or conversation with 
or by means of the eyes. 

jkj^ Darbar, s. m. p. House, dwel- 
ling, court, hall of audience ; the 
holding of a court. 

iSj^j^ Darbari, *. m. p. A courtier. 

cjijj^ Dar-ban, s. m. p. A door- 
keeper, porter. 

j'i'j^^ Dar-ba-dar, p. From door 
to door. 

t^'^ji Darubast, p. See Dar-o- 

«^j>i Darband, s. m. p. The bolt 
or bar of a door j a city in Persia. 

( 256 ) 


l^ji Darbahra, 8. m. ii. An in- 
toxicating spirit made from rice. 

^J}Jii Dar-pai, p. In the footstep, 
in pursuit, intent on, following. D. 
hond, To follow, prosecute, pursue, 
be at hand. D. jdn hond. To desire 
the death of another, to persecute to 
the uttermost. 

C^^i Dar-pesh, p. In front, be- 
fore. D. hond, To be in front, to be 
necessary or incumbent. 

2;<> Durj, s. m. a. A little casket 
in which they deposit gems. 

^ji> Darj, s. m. a. A closet, a 
place for writing, any thing written 
on, a volume. D. karnd, To write, 
copy, enter ; to fold. 

&^jCi Darja, s. m. a. 1. Step, stair, 
gradation, degree, rank, station. 2_ 
Action (of a play). 3. A degree of 
a circle. D.-ba-darja, Step by step, 

"^•^j.> Darakht, s. m. p. A tree. 

iyl«^.> Darakhshan, p. p. Shi- 
ning, flashing. 

j^^jli^ji Darakhshindagi, s. f. p. 
Splendour, brightness. 

K;xLijLjO> Darakhshinda, p. a. p. 
Shining, glittering. 

•i.*.lj^^ Darkhwast, s.f. p. Ap- 
plication, request, entreaty, proposal, 
desire, wish, demands petition, ap- 
peal or petition of appeal. 

&j^ Dard, s.m. p. 1. Pain, afflic- 
tion. 2. Pity, sympathy, compassion. 
D. dnd. To be affected with compas- 
sion. Z). khdnd, To feel compassion 
or pity ; to feel the pains of childbirth. 
D. lagnd, v. n. To feel the pains of 
childbirth. [lees. 

iji Durd, s. f. p. Sediment, dregs, 

bjiS Darda, interj. p. Alas ! 

t^lij^ Dar-daman, s. p. The or- 
nament to the border of a gown or 

j^\i)j:> Dard-angez, a. p. Pitia- 
ble, exciting compassion. 

jiji Dardar, s, m. h. Cinnabar. 

u^^i):i Dard-ras, a. p. Afflicted. 

tji^^n Dard-i-zih, 5. m. p. The 

pangs of labour, throe. 
j^^)ii Dard-i-sar, 5. m."l p. l.The 

t^«»^.> Dard-sari, 5. /. J head- 
ache, megrim. 2. Trouble, vexation. 

^j^i>)^ Dard-sharik, a. p. Sym- 

^^jijii Dard-i-shikam, s. m. p. 

ci"^3^''^j>> Dard-i-farzandi, s.m. p. 
Paternal affection. 

i>^«^ji Dard-mand, a. p. 1. Af- 
flicted. 2. Compassionate, sympa- 
thizing. Dard-mandt, s.f. Aflliction. 

u^lj^ji Dard-nak, a. v. h. Painful, 
piteous, sorrowful. 

jji Darz, s. m. p. a. 1. Seam or 
suture. 2. A rag, slip of cloth, long 
strip of cloth, narrow shred. 

iDJjii Darzan, s. f. p. A needle. 

isj)^ Darzi, s. m. p. A tailor. 

,^ji> Dars, s. m. a. Reading, 
learning to read, lecture, a lesson. Z>. 
dend, To teach to read. D. lend. To 
read a lesson. 

«i»-.ji Durust, a. p. 1. Right, fit, 
proper, just, true. 2. Well, safe, 
sound, entire. 3. Straight, accurate, 
exact. D' rakhnd. To admit, allow. 
D. karnd, To arrange, adjust. 

,^i*«)i Durusti, s. f. p. Rectitude, 
soundness, propriety, reformation, 

^J^ji> Darsani, s. f. s. A bill of 
exchange payable at sight. 

^y»Ji Darsi, a. a. Relating to 
reading or study. 

»j.> Durusht, a. p. Rough, hard, 
stiff, rigid, stern, morose, fierce, op- 


( 257 ) 


^y-i^^ Durushti, s. f. p. Severity, 

oji^oc;^ Dar-siirat, a. p. a. In case, 
provided, suppose, should that. 

;ylA*)o Darafshan, p. p. Shining, 

t-^i Dark, s. m. a. Comprehend- 
ing, understanding, perception, know- 

^jd Darka, s. m. ii. Crack, cre- 
vice, cranny. 

j^ji Dar-kdr, a. p. Necessary, 

IJl^i Darkana, v. a. h. To cause 

to crack or split. 
^^ Darakna, v. n. ii. To crack, 

split, rend. 
j^j^i Dar-kinar, adv. p. On one 

side, apart, out of the way. 
(f;i Durga, s. f. s. One of the 

names of the Hindu goddess Bha- 

a^jd Dargah, s.f. p. 1 . A place, 

court. 2. Threshold, door. 3. A 

mosque, a shrine. 

^J*j^j<i Dar-guzar karna or ana, 
». a. p. H. To pass over, neglect, 

^j*^ji Dar-guzar-na, v. n. v. h. To 
decline, leave off, refrain from, pass 

by. _ 

ljy'^*>i)i Dar-girift karna, v. a. 
p. H. To catch, seize, captivate. 

A^^j Dargah, *. /. p. See Dargah. 

IJVjO Dai'-lana, v. a, ii. To com- 

(•j-i Diram, s. m. See Dirham. 

^^ji> Darma, *. m. n. A kind of 
mat (used for making partitions, &c.). 

t^^'^jci Darman, s, m. r. Medicine, 
remedy, drug. 

^i^'iiioj^i Darmdndagi, s. f. p. Mi- 
sery, distress, penury, misfortune. 
2 L 

8.>j'.^;i Darmanda, «. p. Helpless, 
without remedy. 

^^ji Dar-maha, *. 7W. p. Month- 
ly wages, salary. D.-ddr, One who 
receives monthly wages. 

U»^j<5 Diirmus, s. m. h. A pound- 
er, rammer. 

c:>>^i Darmau, s. m. p. See o^)0. 

ly'-j^jj Dar-miyan, s. m. p. In- 
terval, middle, midst, preip. In the 
midst, between, before, in view. D. 
dend, To employ as a mediator. 

^J^Ji> Darmiyani, a. p. Midmost. 
s. m. A mediator. 

^j^ Darind, 1 j9. a. p. Tear- 

j(<>jj.> Darinda, J ing, rapacious, 
ravenous, fierce, sub. A ravenous 

*-^ij^ Dirang, *. m. p. Delay, 

t5^ji Dirangi, s. f. p. Lateness, 

3j^ Dirau, 8. m. p. Reaping, cut- 
ting corn at harvest. 2). kamd. To 

»y}j^ Darwaza, s. m. p. Door. 
D. thoknd, To knock at a door. D. 
teghd hond, A door being built up 
with bricks and mortar. D. mamur 
kamd, To close a door. 

tytjyi Darwdn, 8. m. p. A door- 
keeper, porter. 

*i*-«i^ji Dar-o-bast, a. p. Whole, 

Jt>;<5 Durud, s, /. p. Congratula- 
tion, benediction, salutation, blessing. 
JD. hhejnd. To bless. 

Ji^^ji) Darod-gar, *. m. p. A car- 

(^jj-i Darosh, s. rn. p. 1. An awl. 
2. A lancet. 

^jd Darogh, s. m. p. A lie, false- 
hood, a. False. D.-go, A liar. 

tsh^^ Daroghi, a. p. False, lying. 


( 258 ) 


uy;>i Damn, adv. p. In, within. 
s. m. Interior; the inward parts, i. e. 
The heart, the bowels. 

^hj'^ Daruna, s. m. p. The heart. 

ijijj^ Daruni, a. p. Internal. 

»>!jj.i Darweza, s. m. p. Beggary. 

t^jj(jo Darwesh, s. m. p. A der- 
vise, beggar. 

i^iij^ Darweshi, s. f. p. Doc- 
trine or office or way of life of a 
dervise, beggary. 

«;«> Dara or Darra, s. m. p. 
A valley, (especially between hills 
through which a stream flows,) a pass 
or way between two mountains, a 

Xji Dirra, s. m. a. A scourge. 

f^Aji Darham, a. v. Confused, 
confounded, angry, higgledy piggle- 
dy. D,-barham, a. Confused. 

(•*j.> Dirham, * 5. m. a. 1. Mo- 
ney. 2. A silver coin of which 20 or 
25 have at different times passed 
current for a dinar. (A dinar nearly 
equals a Ducat or Sequin or about 
9 shillings). 

4j3*A;i Darhanii, s. f. p. Confu- 
sion, disorder. 

t5*)«> Darhi, s.f. h. A fish, a sort 
of carp (Cyprinus). 

Lfjj Duri, s. f. H. The two in 

Lfj-i Dari, s. f. p. 1. A small 
carpet. 2. A dialect of the Persian. 

kji Darya, s. m. p. The sea, a 
river, the waters. 

^kji> Daryacha, s. m. p. A small 
sea, a lake. 

<^»k)i^ Daryaft, s. f. p. Conceiv- 
ing, understanding, discovery. D. 
karnd. To conceive, understand. D. 
hond, To be discovered. 

iJ^ijit Daryai, a. p. Of the sea 
or river. 

*is^ji Daricha, s. m. v. A window. 

js<i>jj^ Darida, p. p. p. Torn. D. 
dahan, a. Plain spoken. 

jj;i> Daregh, s. m. p. A sigh ; 
sorrow ; repugnance, disinclination. 
interj. Alas ! D. karnd. To withhold. 

lij^i Daregha, or Diregha, interj. 
p. Alas ! 

^}_yiji> Daryuza, s. m. p. Beggary, 

.>;*> Duzd, .<?. m. p. A thief, a rob- 

C5>jji Duzdi, s. /. p. Theft, rob- 

^'^ioji> Duzdida, j9. /?. p. Stolen. 

u^i> Das, a. s. Ten. 

o»^L.^ Dasans, s. m. s. Tenth 

ca*».> Dast, 8. m.v. 1. Hand, cu- 
bit. 2. Stool, evacuation, purge. 
D.-harddr hond. To leave off, desert, 
resign, decline. D, bar sar hond. To 
be unable to execute one's intention, 
to be distressed, weak, poor or 
wretched. Z>. ba sar hond, To sa- 
lute in the eastern manner by putting 
the hand to the head. D. bos hond, 
or Z). bosi karnd, To kiss hands, to 
salute. Z>. bai(i hond, To become a 
disciple. D.-o-baghal, Embracing. 
D.-o-girebdn hond, To engage in com- 

li-wi Dasta, s. m. h. Zinc, tute- 
nag. Lapis calaminaris. 

jLLni Dastar, s. f. p. A turband. 
D.-band, A servant whose business it 
is to make up the turband. D.- 
khwdn, s. m. A table-cloth. 

(jL«iii«.^ Dast-afshau, a. p. Ex- 
tending or moving hands in dancing, 
in relinguishing anything, in anger, 
or in denying. 

j^A)Uu«i Dast-amoz, a, p. Tame, 
familiarized, tractable ; skilful, dex- 


( 259 ) 


jl^iU*»i Dast-andaz, s. v. He who 
commences a business ; an oppressor, 
a plunderer. 

AJUUij Dastana, s. m. p. A glove, 

Jj^ll«»i Dast-avvez, s. f. p. Signa- 
ture, a note of hand, bond, title deed. 

c:..A»i>jc>*»i Dast-ba-dast, p. 1. 
From hand to hand, quick, expedi- 
tious. 2. Ready money purchase. 

oji^j:^^^, Dast-burd, 5, m. p. Su- 
periority, advantage, victory. 

&i«.je**,i Dast-basta, a. p. With 
closed hands (in token of respect). 

in hand, ready for battle. 

«jk^Om.^ Dast-buqcha, s. m. p. 
Cloth in which a small bundle is 
wrapped up. 

.iJijOu*^ Dast-band, s. m. p. A 
string of pearls or precious stones 
with which women adorn their hands. 

jjlijcwi Dast-panah, s, m. p. 

aJillA.c-«j> Dast-chalak, a. p. Nim- 
ble-fingered ; a thief. 

^S'JIL.CA-wi Dast-chalaki, s. f. p. 

" 1. A civil war, duel. 2. Stealth. 

kA.£A«i^ Dast-khatt, s. m. p. a. 
Signature ; a manuscript ; chirogra- 

^^i> Dast-khatti, a. p. a. In 
manuscript, written with one's own 

jlj<>.S.M.i Dast-daraz, s. m. r. An 
oppressor. Dast-dardzi, s. f. Op- 

lijl^a^i*.^ Dastar-khwdn, s. m. p. 
A table-cloth. 
, uu*^^ Dast-ras, *. /. p. Ability, 
power, means, facility, dexterity, 
skill, acquisition, attainment. D. hond, 
To be able, to afford. 
^y>»Jx^i Dast-rasi, s. f. p. Ability, 
2 L 2 

lAJa*»^ Dast-shifa, a. p. Skilful 
(a physician who cures his patients). 

u^Iiil**^ Dast-talab, s, m. p. Beg- 
ginjsr, want. 

fJijjSdAmd Dast-farosh, s. m. p. A 
pedlar. Dast-faroshi, s. f. The busi- 
ness of a pedlar. 

o^,>Ai*ji Dast-qudrat, s. f. p. 
Power, ability, strength. 

*^">-^ Dastak, *. /. p. 1. Clap- 
ping the hands, rapping at a door. 2. 
A pass, passport, summons. 3. 

j^*«j Dast-kar, s. m. p. A handi- 
craftsman, a. Dexterous. 

(_5j'<Ju«^ Dast-kari, s.f. p. Handi- 
craft, dexterity. 

^jiSx^6 Dast-kash, a. p. Taking 
or taken by the hand or extending 
the hand. s. m. A leader ; a captive, 
a beggar. 

^A*,^ Dastaki, s.f. v. 1 . A pock- 
et-book, a tweezer case. 2. A fal- 
coner's glove. 

i^isMt^ Dast-gah, s. f. p. Power, 
ability, means. 

4A*^^i*»<> Dast-girifta, a. p. Seized 
by the hand or taking the hand ; a 
helper, an assistant. 

ji^^:> Dast-gir, s. p. A patron, 
protector, saint, a. Laying hands 
on, taking prisoner. 

ij^ji^s^:) Dast-giri, s. f. p. Taking 
or seizing with the Iiand ; aid, help, 
assistance, support, protection. 

cJlUL«»i Dast-laf, s. p. The first 
money received for sale of merchan- 
dize in a morning. 

jUi-«.i Dast-mal, s. m. v, A hand- 

jtllmi Dast-nigar, a. p. Needy, 

j(^i*»i Dastiir, s. m. A. p. 1. Cus- 
tom, fashion, mode, manner. 2. 


260 ) 

Model, regulation, 3. A minister, 
senator. D.-ul-amal, s. m. A rule, 
regulation, model. 

(j!jjL»i Dasturi, s. /.p. 1 . Per- 
quisites paid to servants by one who 
sells to their master. 2'. Leave, 
license, conge, custom. 

*iui<> Dasta, s. m. v. I. A handle. 

2. A pestle. 3. A quire of paper. 4. 
A bundle consisting of 24 arrows. 

3. A handful. 6. A skein of thread. 
7. A division of an army, a brigade. 
D.-ddr, s. m. A commander oftidasta, 
general of brigade. 

fjL»^ Dasti, s. f. p. A torch or 
link that is carried in the hands, a. 
Of or from the hand, manual. 

jUi;.«j<i Dastyar, s. m. p. Aider, 

hs*^d Daskhatt, contr. of Dast- 


j^ii Dussar, s. m. h. Double 
stakes (at dice, &c.)) playing double 
or quit. 

f^*^i> Dasami, s. f. s. The tenth 
day of a lunar month. 

^y^i Dasokha, s. m. h. Moult- 
ing of birds. D.jhdrnd, To moult. 

j^^*»i5 Dasahra, or Das^hara, s. m. 
s. 1. The tenth day of Jeth shukl 
paksh, which is the birth-day of Gan. 
ga. 2. The tenth of A' sin shukl 
paksh, on which, after the religious 
ceremonies performed during nine 
nights, they throw the images of Devi 
into the river. 

*£*^i Dasht, s. m. p. A desert, a 
forest. li. gard, s. A traveller of 
deserts. D. gardi, s. f. The travel- 
ling or wandering over deserts. D.-i- 
hu, A desert (void of all but God). 

yj^i> Dashti, a. p. Of the forest, 
wild, savage. 

^i)*^i> Dushman, s. m. f. p. An 
enemy. D.-i-jdni, A deadly foe. 7). 

hdm, A calamity (5. d. the wish of an 
enemy). D. kushi, Killing of an 

(^♦^i Dushmani, s. f. p. Hatred, 
detestation, enmity. D.jdni, Deadly 

j*Lv-i.5 Dushnam, s. m. p. Abuse. 

*^^ Dashna, s. m. p. A poniard. 
j\y»>i) Dushwar, a. p. Difficult, 

LS^h-^^ Dushwari, s. f. p. Diffi- 

^i> Dud, * s. f. A. Benediction, 
salutation, congratulation, prayer, 
wish, imprecation. D.-e-duulat, Pray- 
ing for one's prosperity, benediction. 
D. karnd, or D. mdngni, To wish 
for. -D'-go, One who blesses or 

«j;jbi Dudiya, s. m. a. Benedic- 
tion, invocation, prayer. 

\y^i> Dawa, s. m. a. See cw^j. 

cul^^.^ Dawat, s. pi. of «i>^*4>, a. 
Benedictions, invitations. 

o^^ Dawat, * 5./. A. 1. Invita- 
tion, convocation, benediction. 2. 
Pressing people to become Musal- 
mans. 3. Pretension, 

iyy>i Dawa, s. m. a.I 1. A law- 

ijs>^^ Dawi, s.f. A. J suit. 2. 
Claim, pretension, plaint. D.-ddr, 
A plaintiff, claimant. 

I.PJ Dagha, s. f. p. Deceit, im- 
posture, treachery. D.-bdz, Deceit- 
ful, treacherous ; cheat, impostor, 

Ijti.5 Daghana, 1;. a. p. h. I. To 
cause to fire a gun. 2. To cause any- 
thing to be marked. 

t^jj'li.^ Daghai, s. f. p. Price paid 
for marking. 

(i(>j^ Daghdagha, ~\s. m. a. 

«i<xpj> Daghdagha,/ Alarm, dis- 
turbance, tumult. 


( 261 


J*^ Dagluil, s. m. a. p. 1. Vice, 
corruption, depravity, treachery. 2. 
Luxuriant and entangled herbage. 
3. A villain, a pickpocket, a. False, 
deceitful ; base (as coin). D.-fasal, 
Treachery, deceit, depravity. 

j^l*.> Daghli, a. a. Treacherous. 

^i^ Daghli, s. f. p. Treachery, 
villainy, fraud. 

Lii^ Daghna, v. n. p. h. 1. To be 
fired oflf (as a gun). 2. To be mark- 

kl)''^ Dagholiya, *. m. a. h. An 

AU*^ Daghila, a. p. h. 1. Stained, 
spotted. 2. Deceitful. 

vi^ Daf, *. m. p. A small tam- 

y^tij Dafali, s. m, p. A tambour- 

ui^id Dafain, of&^C), a. Hid- 
den treasures. 
j^'^i Daftar, *. »». p. A book, vol- 
ume, journal, record, register. X>.- 
khdna,s.m. An office, counting-house. 

f^ih Dafti, n s. f. A. The boards 

^^xii^ Daftin, J of the binding 
of a book ; pasteboard. 

Llj]^.> Dafar-qaliya, A. Tasteless 
victuals ; a dish in which much broth, 
vegetables, &c. are mixed to make it 
go further. 

^.> Dafa, s. m. A. 1. Repulsion, 
repelling, averting, preventing, ward- 
ing oflf. 2. A time, a turn. D. hond, 
To be turned back, to return. 

^iXxi^ Dafa-dar, s. a. p. See ***.>. 

l^i Dufatan, or Dafata, adv. a. 
Often, all at once, at one time. 

**^.i Dafa, 8. f. A. Time, a mo- 
ment, one time, one turn. D.-ba- 
dafa, ado. From time to time, repeat- 
edly. D.'ddr, s. m. An officer of 
cavalry so called. 

*i**^ Dafiya, s. m. a. Repulsion. 

aA^j Dafla, s. m. p. A smaller 

t^A Dafn, *. in. a. Burial, hid- 
ing, concealing. D. karnd. To bury, 
hide, conceal. [bury. 

OG^ Dafnana, v. a. a. h. To 

AJui^ Dafina, s. m. a. Buried or 
hidden treasure, hoard. 

Diqq, s, m. A. I. A hectic fever. 

2. Teasing, trouble, &c. See Diqqat. 
D. karnd. To perplex, plague. D.- 
ddr, a. Troublesome, teasing. D.- 
ddri, s. f. Trouble, vexation. 

O-i Daqq, a. a. Subtile, minute, 
thin. Tap-i-daqq, s.y. A hectic fever. 

C^d Diqaq, a. a. Minute, intelli- 
gent, s. m. A shred, chip. Daqqdq, 
A corn-grinder. 

(^IJiJ Daqaiq, s. pi. of ^h, a, 
Subtilities ; difficulties ; minutia? ; 
minutes, moments ; flour, meal. 

oi.i Diqqat, s.f. a. 1. Abstrusi- 
ty, difficulty, trouble, uneasiness, 
diligence, close application. 2. In- 
dustry, accuracy. 3. A subtile or 
minute thing. 

(PjC'^ Daqq-0-laqq, *. m. A. An 
extensive uncultivated plain. 

(j^'i Daqiq, a. a. Difficult, ab- 
struse; fine, minute, s. m. Flour, 

Aij;»i Daqiqa, * s. m. a. 1. A 
minute, moment of time. 2. Any 
thing small, a particle; a subtile 
question ; a trifling business. 

ol^^ Dukiln, s.f. p. A shop. 

&«i'i Dukh, s. m. s. 1 . Ache, pain, 
grief, affliction. 2. Labour, fatigue. 

3. Annoyance, distress. D. hkarnd, 
To labour, toil, suffer distress or 
trouble. D. pdni. To be afflicted. 
D.-ddi, or D.-ddni, a. Giving or occa- 
sioning pain, troublesome, vexatious. 
D. kd mdrd, a. Afflicted. , 


( 262 


^^^ Dukhana, v. a. s. To inflict 

•Jl«S'i Dikhana^ v. a. s. To shew, 

jl^S'i Dikhao, s. 7n. H.\Shewing, 

^J^^ Dikhai, 5./. h.J show, 
display, appearance. Dikhdi den4, 
To appear. 

Ull^T.^ Dikhlana, v. a. s. To shew, 
to exhibit. Dikhldi dena. To appear, 
to be apparent. 

tj^*^^ Dikhlawa, s. m. s. Show, 

{j^i Dakhan, s. m. s. South ; 
the southern part of India. 

Ia*S''> Dukhna, v. n. s. To ache, 
pain, smart. 

^^jlxfS'i Dakhinayan, *. m, s. 
Southing. D. suraj. The winter 
solstice, the period of the sun's being 
to the south of the equator. 

jy-«S'^ Dakham, a. s. Southern 
(generally things or persons from 
the south.) D. pudina, Horse-mint, 

^J^^<i> Dukhi, -^ a. s. Afflict- 

^^:> Dukhiya, y ed, sick, in 

ij^i Dukhiyara, J distress or 
pain, unfortunate, poor, indigent. 

Ai(f.> Du-gana, s. m. p. 1. Two 
prostrations at prayer. 2. Two inti- 
mate female friends, sworn sisters. 

_^:> Digar, a. p. See Digar. Ano- 
ther, other. D.-guti, a. Of another 
complexion or colour ; altered, chang- 

^i Dagld, 8. m. n. A kind of 
quilted vest worn as armour. 

t/^ Dugan, s. s. p. A second 
degree or tone in music. 
l>^Dugna, a. s. (See Dd-guna), 
Double, two-fold. 

Ji Dil, s. m. p. Heart, mind, 
soul. D. batomd. To dishearten, 
deject. D, barhdnd, To hearten, to 

encourage. D. bahldnd, v. a. To 
amuse, divert. D. bahalnd, v. n. To 
be amused, diverted. D. pdnd. To find 
out what is pleasing to any one. D. 
par kisi ke chalnd, To be obedient. 
D. ^Aenwf, To disincline. D, pichhe 
parnd. To forget one's sorrow. D. 
tornd. To disappoint, mortify. D. 
churdnd, 1. To steal the heart of 
any one. 2. To abstain from any 
thing, to be deterred and desist from 
an enterprise. D. chaldnd, To be 
bold, brave. D. chalnd. To desire. 
D. dekhnd, To study one's temper. 
D. dend. To love one's heart, to be in 
love. D. kd phaphold phornd, To 
rip up old sores, to renew a half- 
forgotten grief. D. lagnd. To apply 
to, to be attentive. D. men dalnd. 
To put into one's mind (spoken of 
God), to inspire. J), men khub jdnd. 
To obtain a place in one's heart ; to 
possess one's heart. D. men ghar 
karnd, To contract intimate friend- 
ship. D.-o-jdn, Heart and soul ; 
tooth and nail. D.-o-jdn se, adv. 
Heartily. D.-o-damdgh, s. m. Am- 
bition, pride, stateliness. D. hat jdnd, 
V. n. To be averse. 

Ji Dal, s.m. H. Wild rice. 

ili Dila ! s. m. v. (voc.) O heart ! 

Ijif^ Dilara, a. p. Beloved ; an 
epithet of a sweetheart. 

(♦I;^^ Dil-arara, s. m. p. (Heart- 
easing), A sweetheart. 

j|3^'> Dil-azar, a. p. Heart-tor- 
menting, s. A sweetheart. 

iS)^j^i> Dil-azari, s.f. p. Torment 
of the heart, anxiety, trouble. 

is.iyil^ Dil-azurda, a. p. Troubled 
in mind, vexed, dejected. 

U»il.> Dil-asa, s. m, p. Comfort, 
soothing, consolation, encouragement. 

Jii)ii) Dil-afgar, a. p. Heart-bro- 
ken, pensive, melancholy. 

c^i*.! Dalliik, s, m, a, A waiter at 


( 263 ) 


the baths who rubs, &c. the bodies of 

those that bathe ; a barber. 
Jili Dallal, *. m, a. A broker, a 

JV^ Dalai, s. m. a. Looking 

(haughtily or amorously) through 

half-shut eyes ; looking with afiected 

anger (as lovers). 

^)ii> Dalalat, s. /.a. 1. Direc- 
tion, indication, sign, token, argu- 
ment, demonstration. 2. Brokerage. 

^^^ Dallala, s. f. a. A procuress. 

^^))i Dallali, s. f. a. Brokerage ; 
the business of a broker. 

OJIj Dilana, v. a. s. To cause to 
give, to occasion, consign, assign, 
cause to yield or give up. 

IJJ/i Dulana, v. a. s. To agitate, 
toss, shake. Daldnd, v. a. s. See 

ji/.> Dulao, *. m. s. Agitation. 

jj5li Dil-awar, a. p. Brave, in- 
trepid. Dil-dwari, s. f. Bravery, 

Jjjil^ Dil-awez, a. p. (Heart-sus- 
pending), Heart-ravishing, heart-de- 
lighting, transporting; 

Jji/.>, Dalail, s. pi. of O^a a. 
Proofs, arguments. 

{J':^.iji> Dil-ba-dil, p. Mutual love, 
interchange of hearts. 

_yih Dil-bar, s. v. Heart-bearer 
or ravisher ; a sweetheart. 

iSj^i> Dil-bari, s, f. p. Heart- 
ravishing, comfort, pacification. 

AL«jJi Dil-basta, a. p. (Heart- 
bound), Afflicted, attached, enamour- 

^J^^:i Dil-basta-gi, s. f. p. 

Friendship, love, attachment; an- 

«>V'^ Dil-band, a. p. Attractive, 
heart-stealing, s, A son. 

i^Ji Dul-band, *. h. p. A tur- 

band or the fine cloth of one. 
iji'.i Du-latti, s. f. p. H. A kick 

of the two hind legs of a quadruped. 
^<iJ^ Dil-pazir, a. p. Grateful to 

the soul ; amiable. 
j^iflJJi Dil-tafta-gi, s.f. p. Heart- 
burning, love, distress of mind. 
iSJdJ^i Dil-tafta, a. p. Heart-burnt, 

in love, distressed. 
iJ-iSJi, Dil-tang, a. P. Distressed, 

mournful, sad. 
i/^i:> Dil-tangi, s. f. p. Distress, 

grief, sadness. 
^i> Dil-jala, a. p. s. Heart-burnt, 

j^^ Dil-jama, a. p. Collected 

in mind, contented, cheerful. 
^jK^Ji> Dil-jami, s. f. p. Ease 

of mind, content. 
>?.J'> Dil-jo, a. p. Heart-seeking, 

studious of pleasing, grateful. 
iSi^J^ Dil-joi, s. f. P. Seeking 

to gain the heart, study to please, 


y-«^ Ji Dil-chasp, a, p. Beloved, 

cla.J.5 Dil-chal, or -chala, a. p. s. 
Brave, resolute, generous j persever- 

i^Ji Dil-chali, s. f. p. s. Brave- 
ry, resolution. 

jj^Ji Dil-chor, a. p. ii. Inatten- 
tive ; timid. 

^J,\J^Ji> Dil-kharash, a. p. Heart- 
rending, heart-lacerating, excruciat- 
ing, grieved to the heart. 

is^]j^j^ Dil-kbarashi, s. f. p. 
Wounding of the heart, torment. 

^Ju.i.J.j Dil-khasta, a. p. Heart- 

81^ J J Dil-khwah, s. m. p. Heart's 
desire, desire, affection, a. Beloved 


( 264 ) 


(Ji^a. J.i Dil-khush, a. p. Content- 
ed, cheerful, glad. 

^_5«^J.s Dil-khushi, s. /. p. Con- 
tentment, cheerfulness. 

^yjXak*jf<i..lj Dalda-peshgir, s. m. h. 
p. A screen or cover in front of a bed. 

8'ibJ^ Dil-dada, a. p. One who 
has given away his heart. 

j!ij.i Dil-dar, a. p. Possessing or 
delighting the heart, charming, s. A 
lover, mistress, sweetheart. 

isjdji Dil-dari, *. /. p. Blandish- 
ment, kindness, consolation, encour- 

Ji^d Duldul, s. m. A. \.A hedge- 
hog. 2. The name of the horse or 
mule of All, son-in-law of Muham- 
mad, 3. (met.) Fat. 

J^i> Daldal, s. f. h. A quagmire, 
a bog. 

DiiJii Daldala, a. h. Quaggy, 

li)idJo Daldalana,v. n. h. To shake, 
to undulate. 

<2^ib^^i Daldalahat, s. f. h. Tre- 
mour, undulation. 

^^^^^ Dil-dihi, S. f. p. Heart- 
surrendering, falling in love. 

Ijjji Dil-ruba, s. m. p. A sweet- 
heart. Dil-rubii, s. f. Stealing the 
heart, making love. 

tri)J.> Dil-resh, a. p. Wounded 
to the heart, afflicted. Dil-reshi, 
s.f. Affliction. 

\j)& Du-lara, a. p. h. Two-fold, 
of two rows or strings. 

JSijJ^ Dil-zada, a. p. Wounded to 
the heart. 

jLJd Dil-saz, a. p. Heart-pleas- 
ing, delightful. 

is}^}:> Dil-sazi, s. f, v. Pleasing 
the heart, delighting. 

e;ULJ,> Dil-sitan, a. p. Heart- 
alluring, beautiful. 

dj^i, Dil-sard, a. p. Cold-heart- 
ed, indifferent, averse. 

&i^yJi Dil-sokhta, a. p. Afflict- 

j)'^'^ Dil-so/, a. p. Inflaming 
the heart, beloved, affecting, com- 
passionate, s. m. f. A mistress, a 
friend. D, khana-tardsh. An enemy 
under the semblance of a friend. 

isj^>i Dil-sozi, s. f. p. Heart- 
burning, ardour, fervour. 

iUJ:> Dil-shad, a. p. Glad, gay, 

ticyljc) Dil-shuda, a. p. Having 
lost the heart, enamoured, deprived 
of the senses. 

*i-^JoDil-shikasta,a. p. Heart- 

JJj'J^ Dil-fai'oz, a. p. Heart-en- 
lightening, delightful, recreating, 
pleasant, refreshing. 

Vir^J-^ Dil-fareb, a. p. Heart- 
alluring, beautiful, enchanting, lovely. 

j^J'i> Dil-figar, a. p. Melancho- 
ly, mournful, pensive; an epithet of 
a sweetheart, 
e^^ Dulfin, s.f. gr. A dolphin. 

(J-fj Dalq, *. m. a. A mendicant's 
habit made of patches and shreds. 
D.-posh, Ragged, clothed in rags. 

j^d Dil-kar, a, p. Affecting the 

iJiSJi Dil-kash, a. p. Heart-at- 
tracting, chosen, approved of, belov- 
ed, pleasant. 

Vwi^i Dil-kusha, a. p. Heart-ex- 
panding, delightful, charming. 

^J^J^ Dil-kashi, s. f. p. Delight- 

^d Dulki, s. f. H. A trot. D. 
jdnd, or X>. chalnd, v. n. To trot. 

lj^Jj> Dil-gurda, *. m. p. Courage. 

j_j*yf J^ Dil-garmi, s.f. p. Friend- 
ship, warm-heartedness. 


( 2G5 ) 

^i^Ji Dil-gir, a. v. Occupying or 
captivating the heart, melancholic, 
sad, low-spirited, afflicted, grieved. 

iSj^^J^ Dil-giri, *. /. P. Melan- 
choly, sadness, sorrow, affliction, 

f^Ji Dil-lagi, 5. /. p. Diversion, 

^j<Ji> Dil-murgh, s. m. p. A kind 
of arrow. 

\i/iX^i Dal-masal karna, v. a. 
H. s. To thrash, crumple, rumple. 

Vi.'^ Dalna, v. a. s. To grind 
coarsely, to split pulse. 

j^xiJJ^ Dil-uishin, a. p. Heart- 
residing, grateful to the mind, satis- 

j'>JJi Dil-nawaz, a. v. Soothing 
the mind, conciliating, beloved : an 
epithet of a sweetheart. Dil-nawdzi, 
s. f. Blandishment. 

i^iJi) Dil-niliad, s. p. Anything 
on which the heart is fixed ; a sweet- 

y^ Dalv, «. m. A. 1. A bucket, 
an urn. 2. The sign Aquarius. 3. 
The hopper of a mill. 

i^j^ii Dihvali, s. m. ii. An inhabi- 
tant of the city of Dilli or Dihli. 

^'i\ji:> Dilwana, v. a. s. To cause 
to give or pay. Dalwdnd, v, a. s- 
To cause to be coarsely ground. 

^>.'o> Dilwaiya, s. m. s. One who 
causes to give or pay. Dalwaiyd, 
s. m. One who grinds. 

l^^ Dulha, s. m, ii. A bridegroom. 

i^l^Jj Dalhara, *. m. s. A seller of 

^ji(h Dulhan, or Dulhin,"! 5. /. 
Ij^4^j Dulhaiya, J h. A 

^ii> Dilli, s. /. h. a city (Delhi) 

called also Shah-jahan-abad. 
iji Dili, a. V. Hearty, cordial, 
2 M 

of the heart. D.-dil, A secret, a 

close secret. 
^i^i Daliya, *. in. s. Half-ground 

or coarsely-pounded grain, split pulse. 
^^•i Diler, a. p. Intrepid, brave, 

bold, audacious, insolent, impudent. 
*j|^j^<i Diler-ana, adv. p. Boldly, 

&C. V. s. 

LSj-i^d Dileri, s. f. p. Intrepidity, 
boldness, valour, &c. 

cV^Dalil, * s. f. A. 1. Argu- 
ment, proof, demonstation. 2. A 
guide, director. 

fjiJo Dalili, a. a. Argumenta- 
tive, s. m. A good arguer. 

^JSx}:, Dalenti, s. f. s. A hand- 

" mill. 

(♦^ Dam, s. m. A. Blood. D.-ul- 
akhwain. Dragon's blood (Sanguis 

(•i Dam, s. m. P. 1. Breath, life. 
2. Boasting, pride. 3. Spring, elas- 
ticity. 4. Ambition. 5. Cheerfulness. 
6. A moment. 7- The stewing over 
a slow fire. 8. The edge (of a sword) 
or the point (of a spear, &c.) 9. Deceit. 
10. A draught of water. D. ulatna, 
V. n. 1. To breathe one's last. 2. 
To relinquish one's usual habits. D. 
bdndhnd, To be attentive. D. bharnd. 
To boast. D. phulnd. To breathe 
short. D. phunhnd. To breathe, in- 
spire. -7^. tvtnd. To die. D. tofnd. 
To be at the point of death. D. 
jagni, v. n. To speak, to talk. D. 
churdnd, To feign death. 1). chufh- 
nd, V. n. To pant, to respire. D. 
chhornd, v. n. To breathe, to expire. 
D. dend, 1. To wheedle, coax, in- 
veigle, deceive. 2. To leave to sim- 
mer or stew. D. rakhnd, To be con- 
tent with a little. D. roknd, v. a. To 
suffocate, to breathe short. D. sddh- 
M'i, To stop one's breath when feign- 
ing death, or, as some faqirs do, as a 
religious exercise. D. se tdlnd, To 


( 26G ) 


turn off with a joke. D. karnd, i . 
To blow as a fire. 2. To blow as a 
conjurer when juggling or exercising. 
D, khd'jdni, or -rahnd, v. n. To be 
crest-fallen, to remain silent. D. 
khdnd, 1. To be deceived. "2. To be 
silent. 3. To be dressed over a slow 
fire (as a stew, &c.) JO. khainchnd. 
To be silent. D. lagnd. To be desir- 
ous. D. lend. To take breath, to 
rest. D, mdrnd. To speak, to utter a 
word, to boast. D. ndk men dnd, To 
be fatigued or tired to death ; to 
gasp for life ; to be much distressed. 
jD. nikalnd. To die. D. hand, To be 
stewed, to be left on the fire after 
cooling (as a pulao, &c.). 

(•i Dimi, s. f. p. Tail, end, extre- 
mity. -D. dabdnd, To run away, to 
put the tail between the legs. D. 
dabd-jdnd, and X>. (tlam karnd. To 
run away. D. men ghusnd. To take 

(•o>i(*i Dam-a-dam, adv. p. Con- 
tinually, successively, a. Continual. 

^toj Dimagh, *. »w. a. 1. The 
brain. 2. (In Persian also Damdgh) 
Pride, haughtiness, conceit, spirit, 
fancy. D. tdza karnd. To be pleased. 
D. charhnd, To be proud with excess 
of wealth. D. karnd. To act proud- 
ly, vainly, &c. D. hand, To be vain, 
haughty, proud. 

j^Ui Damaghi, a. r. Vain, fri- 
volous, proud. 

*^^>> Daniama, s, m. p. A kettle- 

o^^ Daman, a. p. Powerful, ter- 

• rible, impetuous, fierce, raging. 

i^Ua Damanak, s. m. v. A blun- 
derbuss, a carbine. 

j^(*i Dam-baz, s. m. p. A wheed- 
ler, deceiver. Dam-bdz-pasin, The 
last breath. 

isjk^^ Dam-ba/.i, s. f, p. Wheed- 
ling, deceiving. 

^^j*6 Dam-ba-khud, a. p. Silent. 

(*'V(*'iDam-ba-dam, adv. p. Breath 
by breath, every moment, constant- 
ly, perpetually. 

<>^(*^ Dam-band, s. p. An alem- 

<^^v^i Dam-pukht, s. m. p. A 
stew, a kind of pulao. 

(j^j*i Dam-chura, *. m. p. s. The 
name of a kind of firework which 
burns at intervals. [per. 

tj^'^ Dum-chi, s. f. P. A crup- 

*^j».> Dam-kham, s. p. Edge or 
temper of a blade. 

jIaas^ Dam-dar, a. p. 1. Elastic. 
2. Sharp-edged. 

jlo^i Dum-dar, a. p. Tailed, 
having a tail. 

Lt^i^M^ Dam-dilasa, s. m. p. En- 
couragement, comfort, soothing, 

&>o,^i Damdama, s. m. a. A cava- 
lier, a mound, a raised battery. 

i^j^<i Dam-raftan, s. p. Expir- 

LSj^ii Damri, s. f. s. The eighth 
part of a paisa. 

3Lw(*i> Dam-saz, a. p. Concor- 
dant, harmonious. *. m. A confi- 
dant, an intimate. 

^Hi^U^(*'i Dam-i-shamsher, p. The 
edge of a sword. 

u>^fo Dam-kash, a. p. Drawing 
in the breath, inspiring, silent. 

<y*^(».> Dam-kashi, *. /. p. Draw- 
ing in the breath, silence. 

O^^d Dam-kal, or -kala, s. in. s. 
A squirt, a fire-engine ; a jack, a 
crane (for raising weights). 

(-1-*^ Dummal, s. m. f. 1. A bile, 
a swelling. 2. A felon. 

*j^o> Dura-laba, s. p. The wag- 
ging of the tail, D, karnd, To wag 
the tail. 


( 267 ) 


ii)-*^ Dimn, s. a. The orbicular 
dung of cattle. 

i:^*^ Daman, n. pr. s. A lover, 
mistress of Nala celebrated in ro- 

<iAi^i> Dam-i-naqd, a, p. Ready 
(as dinner, &c.) 

K^^i) Do-munha, a. s. Having 
two mouths, s. m. Name of a ser- 
pent having two mouths (Amphis- 

iS^«-:> Damawi, a. a. Plethoric. 

&«^ Dama, s. m. v. 1. A pair of 
bellows. 2. An asthma. 

t5>ei Dami, *. /. p. A kind of 

^fixxxi Damidagi, s. /.p. 1. 
Blowing (as of wind). 2, Blowing 
(of a flower), sprouting. 

i'^d Damida, p. p. p. Blown, 
shot forth, vegetated. 

cJ^ Din, s. m. s. Day. D.-ba-din, 
Day by day. D. bharne, expresses 
time spent in pain and trouble. X). 
parnd. To be unfortunate. 2>. phiv' 
nd, To begin to prosper (after adver- 
sity). D. charhdnd, l.To commence 
any business late in the day. 2. To 
eat the bread of idleness, to earn one's 
wages without labour. D. charhnd, 
To be far advanced (the day) ; to be 
protracted (the period of a woman's 
menstruation). D. dkaule, adv. In 
diiy light. D. diyd, Day light. D. 
dhalnd, v. n. To grow late, to decline 
(the sun). D. kdtnd, 'J'o pass time 
with difficulty. D. ho din rdt ko rdt 
na jdnnd, To be totally absorbed in 
tliought or business. D. khulnd. 
To begin to prosper after adversity. 
D. goQwund, To spend time care- 
lessly. D. mundnd, To grow late, to 
••lose (the day). 

olJ3 Dunaat, 8. f. a. Meanness. 
J^i.i Diunbal, ~\s. m. v, 1. A 
AjlAij Dumbalaj J tail. 2. The 
2 M 2 

outer angle or corner of the eye. adv. 

After, behind. D.-ddr, a. Tailed. 

Bitdra-e-dumbdla-ddr, A comet. 
cXwii Dumbal, *. m, p. A bile, 

imposthume, bubo. 
^^ Dumba, s. m. p. A kind of 

sheep with a thick tail. 
«^<> Dant, s. m. s. A tooth. 
cl»AJ.> Dantail, a, s. Tusked. 
HjJo^ Dantela, s. m. s. An ele- 
phant with large tusks ; a boar or 

any animal with prominent tusks. 
^^ Dund, or Dundu, s. m. s. A 

large kettle-drum. 
iyl«>j.i Dandan, s. m. p. A tooth. 

D.-gir, a. Biting (a horse). D. misri, 

s.f. A kind of sweetmeat. 
*J|jo^ Dandana, s. m. v. The tooth 

of a saw, &c. 
j^iiji Dundubhi, s.f. s. A large 

^i> Dang, a. p. 1. Astonished 

2. Careless, foolish. 
^^ Danga, s. m. h. Wrangling, 

confusion, mutiny, sedition, rebellion. 

Dange-bdz, a. Mutinous, turbulent, 
ci^^ Dangal, s. f. p. t. A crowd. 
^Jj^«> Dangait, a. h. Turbulent. 

tP^ Dini, a. s. Aged (applied 
generally to animals). 

^J'^ Dani, a. a. Mean, paltry, 

Ui^ Dunya, *./. a. 1. The world. 
2. People. D.-ddr, a. Worldly. £>.- 
ddri, Economy, worldliness, atten- 
tion to the concerns of the world. 

iSJ^^ Dunyawi,"^ a, a. Belong- 

iSj¥'^ Dunyawi,/ ing to this 
world, worldly, 

J a Do, a. p. s. Two. 

ji Dau, /?. a. p. (In couip.) Run- 

\jd Diia, s. m. p. s. The deuce fit 
cards, dice, &c. 


( 2G8 ) 


Lj^ Dawa, * s. f. a. Medicine, a 
remedy. D.-pazir, a. Admitting a 
remedy, remediable. 

vl}*^ Dawabb, s. m. a. An ani- 
mal, quadruped, cattle, beasts. 

*jfj.5 Du-aba, or Do-aba, s. f. p. 
A country between two rivers ; the 
Doab or country between the Ganges 
and Jamna. 

^^ji> Dawat, *./. A. An inkstand. 

i^'Asi) Do-atasha, a. p. Double- 
distilled. Shardb-i-dodtisha, Double- 
distilled liquor, i. e. Very strong. 

ji'j.> Dawadau, s. f. v. Labour 
and fatigue. [diness. 

j[j<> Doar, s. m. a. Vertigo, gid- 

y_3^ Dauwar, a. a. Round, revolv- 
ing. Charkh-i-dauwar, The revolv- 
ing heavens. 

fj'jA Dwara, s. m. s. A door. 
prep. By means of. 

Jjisjl^i Duwazda, a. p. Twelve. 

«A^lji Do-aspa, a. p. Quick, ex- 

AJU-ifji Do-ashiyana, s. m. p. A 
kind of tent. 

J'jiS Do-al, *. /. p. A leather 
strap, a belt. D.-pd, a. Webfooted. 
s. A fabulous race with legs like 
thongs, who are said to deceive and 
devour unwary travellers. 

^I5.i Diwaia, s. m. h. Bankruptcy. 

j^[>>3 Dii-ali, s. f. p. A leathern 
strap, a belt. D.-band, A sipahi 
having a leathern belt. 

(•'^•i Dawam, s. m. a. Perpetuity, 
persevering, adv. Always, eternally. 
Ala-d-dawdm, Continually, assidu- 
ously, incessantly. 

ci'j<> Dawan, p. p. Running. 

li'j>> Diwana,~1 a. p. See IJ|^^ 

*jLj.> Diwana.J Diwana. 

VJ<> Diib, s. s. Name of a grass 
(Agrostis linearis). 

; jfjV^o Do-bara, or Du-bara, a. p. 

Twice, double; again. 
j Jljj-i Do-baz, s. m. p. I . A kind 
' of pigeon. 2. A sort of child's kite. 

illjj>i Du-bala, a. p. See Do-bara. 
yjd Dobar, a. s. Double. 
^I/J^i Do-barabar, a. p. Double, 
equal to two. 

^i^jo Do-ba-do, or Do-bar-do, p. 
Face to face, tete-a-tete. 

L^l4jj.> Do-bhashiya, s. m. p. s. 
An interpreter (dubash). 

IjjJj^ Dubiya, s. f. s. A kind of 
green, grass-green. 

^)^i^ Do-para, a. p. Halved. 

^i^.i^ Do-paya, a. p. Two-legged 
(i. e. a man). 

i^-jj^ Do- or Du-patta, s. m. p. 
H. A kind of veil or a piece of linen 
in which there are two breadths. Do- 
patta tdnke sond, To draw the sheet 
over one's head (from security and 
carelessness or after death). Do- 
patta hildnd, or phirdnd, v. n. To hold 
out a flag of truce ; to offer to sur- 
render (a fort, &c.) 

Ij^jj^ Do-parta, a. s. Double, of 
two folds. 

^}<i Do-palka, s. m. p. 1. A kind 
of pigeon. 2. A kind of stone for a 
j^.j^ Do-pahar, s. /. s. Mid-dayj 
noon. <'' "^ ^ 

by^j.> Do- orDu-pahriya, s. m. A 
kind of flower (Pentapetes phoenicia)- 

[)ljjj.> Do-piyaza, Is. in. p. A 

2*3 ^^J>> Do-piyaza, J kind of 
dish without gravy; meat dressed 
dry with onions. 
j^p^ Do-paikar, s. p. The sign 

iJj^ Duta, n a. p. Double, twice- Dotah, J bent. 

^j^jii Do-tara, s. m. p. (Double- 


( 269 ) 



threaded). 1. A kind of shawl. 2 
A guitar with two strings. 

a5j^ Do-tuh, a. v. See ^'^ji Duta. 

j^^jj.i Do-tahi, s. f. p. Cloths that 
are lined (two-plied). 

LjJj^ Dutiya, a. s. Second. 

u^jjji Do-tiik, a. H. 1. Tvvo- 
pieced. 2. Clear, plain, clean. Do- 
tuk hond, To be adjusted or complet- 

Ua,^^ Do-jiya, la. s. Pregnant. 

l^ietJ'i Do-jivva,J Do-ji-se-hond, 
To be pregnant, 

jla.^>> Do-char, or Du-char, s. /. 
p. Interview. D. hon<i. To meet, to 
have an interview. 

c:-a.ji Du-chit, "la. s. See ^s>^.> 

li^jo» Du-chitta,J Do-dila. 

t^'^j<i Du-chitai, s. f. s. Sus- 
pense, absence of mind. 

*%3i Do- or Du-challa, *. m. s. 
A roof sloping two ways. 

•^^-^j-i Do- or Du-chand,or -chan- 
dan, a. p. Double, two-fold. 

*i^*-j^ Do- or Du-choba, a. v. 
Two-poled (tent). 

ioikj^ Dokht, s. f. P. Sewing, a 
^ stitch. 

U.:^5.> Do-khamma, s, m. p. A 
kind of Huqqa-snake with two bends, 
such as that of a gurguri. 
*j|^ji Do-khvvaba, a. p. Having 

two naps (cloth). 
iSjo Diid, s. m. p. Smoke. D.-i-dil, 

Exhalation of the heart, deep sigh, 
^-cl^jj Do-danii, *. /. p. Flower- 
ed muslin (the flowers worked in 
with a needle). 
^^w.^Ji Do-dasti, a. p. Two-hand- 
' ' ed. 

f A^.>j«> Do-dila, a. p. Wavering, 
doubtful, in suspense, absent in mind. 
^'i>3^ Do-dam, a. v. Twice-sharp- 
ened, very sharp, 

cjUjij-i^Dudman, s. m. p. Gene- 
ration, race, noble family, house. 
I «Aij^ Diidh, s. m. s. Milk ; the 
juice or milk of certain bushes. D. 
barhnd, v. n. To be weaned. D.-bhdi, 
s. m. A. foster-brother. D.-pildi, s. 
f. A wet nurse. 

J(j>ji Duda,*.m. p. 1. Race, family. 
2. Lamp-black, soot. 

j'Ajjji Dudhar, a. s. Giving much 
milk, milch. 

'jIa.>^.> Do- or Du-dhara, a. s. 
Two-edged (a sword). 

iJ^Hii) Diidhal, a. s. See Dudhar. 

^^jj Dudhi, a. s. Milky, con- 
taining milky juice, s. /. 1. Starch. 
2. Name of several plants with mil- 
ky juice, as various species of Ascle- 
pias, Echites, Euphorbia, &c. 

Ua^j^ Dudhiya, a. s. Milky, s. m. 
See Dudhi, sign 2. 

ji^i Dur, s. f. s. p. Distance, a. 

Far, distant, remote, prep. Distant, 

far ofF. D. bad, God forbid (far be 

' it !) D. bhdgnd, to abstain from. D.- 

i pdr, same as D.-bdd. 

jji Daur,* $. m. A. 1. Revolution 
; (of time or of any body), passing 
round (of wine), circular motion. 2. 
A species of argument, reasoning in 
a circle. 3. Age, vicissitude, circuit. 
D.-daur, s. m. Prosperity. D.-gardi, 
s. f. Revolution, changing. 

Ly^ Daura, s. m. ii. A large bas- 

u)'j5^ Dauran, 5. m. a. 1. Time, 
age. 2. Fortune, vicissitude. 3. 
A revolution, period, circle, cycle. 
D.-i-sar, A swimming in the head. 

<J-J«ijt;5»5 Dur-andesh, a, p. Pro- 
vident, foreseeing, penetrating, saga- 
cious, wise, prudent. 

t^'ji^ Diwrani, s. /. s. See Deo- 

^^jsd Do- or Du-raha, or -raha, s. 

( 270 ) 


m. P. A road dividing into two lead- 
ing different waj's. 

i:^j}:> Dur-bin, s. in. p. A spy- 
glass, telescope, a. 1. Having the 
quality of shewing a distant object, 
2. Far-seeing; prudent, pi^vident, 
ingenious. Aql-e-durbin, Solid judg- 

{Lj^i, Do- or Du-rukha, a. p. That 
which is the same on both sides, not 
having a wrong side. 

^^%)J^ Do-rukhi, s. f. p. A kind 
of bow. 

3';i;j«i Dur-daraz^ a. v. Far, dis- 
tant, long. 

Ai-«y,5 Do- or Du-rasta, or -rasta, 
a. p. On both sides, right and left, 
(a row of houses, trees, &c.) 

^ji:> Do- or Du-ragga, a. h. Ca- 
pricious, whimsical, s. m. A mon- 
grel, a person of double breed, hav- 
ing good qualities on one side and 
bad on the other so as not to be de- 
pended on. 

♦-^jjji Do-rang, a. v. Piebald, of 
two colours. 

^j^ii Do- or Du-ranga, a, p. Ca- 

iJ^'jii> Do-rangi, s.f. v. 1. The 
property of having two colours. 2. 
Capriciousness, deceit, a. Of two 
colours, capricious, double-faced. 

^JJty-i Do-roza, s. p. The space 
of two days. 

*jj)jj>i Do- or Du-roya, a. p. Dou- 
ble, two-faced. 

(jsjii> Dun, s. f. p. Distance, 
separation, absence. 

t£;ji Dauri, 5./. h. 1. A basket. 
2. A rope wherewith a string of 
cattle are bound together. 

jj.i Daur, 5. /. s. Attack, assault, 
endeavour, race, D.-dhvp, s. f. La- 
bour and fatigue. B.-dkup karnd. 
To use great labour and exertion for 

the accomplishment of any object. 

D.-d-dauri, s. f. Running, hurry. 
^^jji, Daurana, v. a. s. To cause 

to run, to drive, expedite, actuate. 
Iaijj^ Dauraha, s. m. s. A runner, 

messenger, guide. 
^j}<i Daurna, v. n. s. To run, 
D. dhupnd, To run violently, to use 

great exertion. 
lAj^^ Dauraha, s. m. See Iaijj^. 
y\jiCi Do-zanu, s. p. The knees. 

X). baithnd, To kneel. 
^)0 Dozakh, s. m. p. Hell {met.) 

isP-j}^ Dozaklii, a. p. 1. Hellish, 

damned. 2, Glutton. 
iK}ji Do-zira, s. m. p. A kind of 

•iLwj^ Dosad, or Dusad, s. m. u. 

A low cast whose business it is to 

remove carcases and to be execu- 
tioners, [ed. 
jLwji Du-sar, a. p. In two, divid- 
^Ixtj.^ Do-sala, a. p. Of two 

years old, two years old. 
o*»ji Dost, s. m. p. A friend, 

lover, sweetheart. D.-ddr, same as 

Dost. D.-ddri, s.f. Friendship, love. 
iJ^ji> Dosti, *./. P. Friendship, 

j^^i) Dilsar, s. m. s. The second. 
I^j.> Dusra, a. s. Second, other. 
L*^-"j.> Do-sar-ha, p. Tete-a-tete. 
lj^*«ji Do-suta, s. m. s. A kind 

of cloth the threads of which are 

j^ji Dosi, s. m. H. 1 . Thick sour 

milk. 2. A Musalmhn milkman. 
\ji.m^i, Do- or Du-sera, s. m. s. A 

weight of two ser. 
(J>ji Dosh, s. p. The shoulder. 
, adv. Yesterday evening, last night. 
i}\M)i Du-shala, s, m. s. Two 


( 271 ) 


JU-«5^ Dosh-miilj s. m. p. A 
towel used by butchers, &c. 

fj'j^j.i Doshiza-gi, s. f. p. Vir- 

?>^Aj.> Doshiza, s.f. p. A virgin. 

*iji4>>> Doshuia, a. p. Of last 
night, s. A shoulder's load, what is 
carried on the shoulder. 

&ij^ji) Do-tarfa, a. p. a. On 
both sides. 

^^ij^jib Do-tarfij a. p. a. Mutual, 

on both sides, 
^j^ Dogh, s. m. p. Butter-milk. 
4%^ Doghla, a. p. Mongrel. 
*Jjo Duk, *. m. p. a sijindle. 
c>l<^.> Dukan, *. /. p. A shop, 

workshop. D.-ddr, A shop-keeper. 
t^jfei Dukani, s.f. p. Shop-keep- 
ing, s. m. A shop-keeper. 
ij^^i> Do-kasi, a. v. Two-person- 

ed, fit for two persons, 
f^ji Do-kala, s. m. p. 1. Irons 

on the feet of criminals. 2. A double 

l*^i Do-koha, *. m. p. A camel 

with two bunches (Camelus bactria- 

&j(^i Do-gana, a. p. Double, two 

together, s. m. A prayer in which 

two inclinations of the body are made. 

li^i Du-guna, a. s. Two-fold. 

^A.^5Jij.i Do-gandi chitti, s. ii. 
A fomenter of quarrels ; a go-be- 
tween ; one who flatters both parties 
in a dispute, 

ljj«fj.> Do-ghariya, s. s. The space 
of two hours. 

Jjb Dawal, Duwal, or Diwal, s. 
pi. o/Daulat, a. Riches, &c. 

wifj'^ Dol-ab, s. m. v, A wheel 
for drawing water witli. 

ȣ*^ji Daulat, * s.f. a. 1. Hap- 
piness, felicity. 2, Riches, wealth, 

3. Fortune, prosperity. 4. Empire. 
5. Cause, occasion, effect. 

«Jls^j:> Daulat-khana, s. m. a. p. 
(House of fortune), A palace, (your) 
house. D.-ekhdss, A royal resi- 
dence, the king's palace. 

isl^^j-i Daulat-khwah, s. m. a. p. 
A noble, a great man. 

^J^^^^^J'b Daulat-khwahi, s.f. a. p. 
Fortune, prosperity. 

[;^ji Daulat-sara, s. f. a. p. 
House, palace ; your house. 

»^x»i{j.> Daulat-mand, a. a. p. 
Wealthy, rich, fortunate. 

ly^^ Do-lara, s. m. h. A neck- 
lace of two strings. 

lJ/JUJj,i Dol-mal karna, s. To 
wave, swing, undulate, hesitate. 

ijij^ Do- or Du-loh, \s.f. s. A 

{^_3^ji> Do- or Dn-lohi, J scimi- 
tar made of two plates of steel join- 
ed together. 

U^i Dulha, or Dulha, s. m. n. A 

(•ji Duwum, or Diiam, a. p. 1. 
Second. 2. Inferior, second-rate. 

sJjx«j:> Do-manzila, a. p. a. Of 
two floors or stories (a house, &c.) 

eyi Diin, a. a. Base, mean, ig- 
noble, poor, vile. 

liji Dauna, s. m. s. A flower (Ar- 
temisia Indica). 

y^tiji Do-nali, a, s. Double-bar- 
relled (a gun). 

•^jj^i Dawind, p. a. p. A runner, 

J^i^ Donki, *./. s. Bellows. 

lJ->jii Do-nali, a, s. Double-bar- 
relled. « 

uyj^ Donon, a. s. Both. 2).- 
waqt milne. The evening twilight when 
day and night meet. 

^wj.> Do-nim, p. Two halves ; 
divided into two. 


( 272 ) 


lAji Doha, *. m. s. A couplet. 

JilAjiDohm, s. f. s. 1. Crying 
out for justice, exclamation. 2. An 
oath, plaint. D. tihdi karna, to make 
reiterated complaints. 

'.iAj.i Dohta, s. m. s. A daughter's 

\jAji Dohra, a. s. Double. 

yy>ji Dohrao, s. m. s. Doubling, 

liJhji, Dohna, v. a. s. To milk. 

^iA^^ Dohni, 5. /. s. A milk-pail 
or vessel for milk. 

i_sji Duwi, a. p. By twos, being 
two-fold or double, s. f. The being 
two or two -fold. 

/^j<i Doyam, a. p. Second. 

a Dih, s. m. p. A village, p. a. 
(In comp.) Giving, giver. 

jsi Dab, a. p. Ten. D.-chand, a. 
Tenfold, ten times. D.-chanda-gi, s^ 
f. Ten-fold (a word with which they 
return a salutation). Dah dar duniyd 
sat tar dah dkhirat, A benediction of 
faqirs signifying, charity will be re- 
turned seven-fold in the next world, 
Dah-diU, a. 1. Faithless, incon- 
stant. 2. Brave, bold. Dah-roza, s. 
A ten days, a decade. Dah-manni, 
a. Holding ten mann. Dah-yak or 
-yaki, Tenth part. 

Ia^ Daha, s. m. p. 1. The ten 

days of the Muharram. 2. The mo- 
dels of the tombs of Hasan and Hu- 
sain, or the model of a building con- 
taining the tombs, which are carried 
about in procession during those ten 
olA^ Dihat, s, m. pi. of Dih, p. 

Villages ; the country. 
jlAbDhar, s. f. s. 1. A line, 
lineament. 2, Stream, current. 3. 
Edge (of a sword, &c.) 4. Sharpness. 
JD. mdrnu, or D.par mtimd, To con- 
temn, despise. 

j\Ai Duhar, s. m. s. A milker. 

^j(A^ Dhiirna, v. a. s. To hold, - 
have, bear, sustain, support, uphold, 
keep, place, owe. 

^J^a Dhari, s. f. s. 1. A line, 
lineament. 2. A small buttress. 3. 
A plant used in dyeing (Lythrum 
fruticosum, Linn. ; Grislea, 

i)lA^ Dahak, s. m. p. The place 
of tens in arithmetic. 

cfJtA^ Dhak, *. /. H. 1 A tree 

l^fUiiDhakha, s. m. ii.J (Butea 

(flA^ Dhaga, s. m. h. A thread. 
T). mdrnd. To quilt. 

o^i Dhan, s. m. s. The rice 
plant, or rice before it is separated 
from the husk. 

c)t*.> Dahan, s. m. p. The mouth, 
an orifice. 

lJU.i Duhana, v. a. s. To cause 
to milk. 

li*J[Ai Dhansna, v. n. ii. To 
cough (ahorse). 

vSliL*^ Dhanuk, s. m. s. A bow- 
man, an archer. 

j^Mi Dhangar, s. m. h. A cast 
whose business it is to dig the earth. 

bj'iiAi Dhanwaiya, s. m. s. A 

&>^i Dahana, s. m. p. 1. The bit 
of a bridle. 2. The mouth of awater- 
bag, river, or water-course. 3. Any- 
thing which covers the mouth. 

j_jilA.i Dhani, s. /. s. 1. A kind of 
rice in the husk. 2, A light green 

s^i Dhao, s. m. s. See Dhari, 
sig. 3. 

Jl^i Dahai, s. /.p. 1. The 
figure ten. 2. The tenth part. 3. 
The decimal places of figures in arith- 


( 2/3 ) 


^ylA^ Duhai, s.f. s. See Doliai. 

^o Dhae, *. /. s. A nurse. 

^_j- Ua^ Dah-bashi, *. m. p. t. A 
commander of ten men; a person 
having a place of trust, a valet (du- 

^^i Dhubla, *. m. ii. A petticoat 
or any loose garment for covering 
the legs. 

liAd Dliappa, s. m. h. 1. A stain 
on cloth. 2. A slap, box, thump, 

I;^i*i Dhatura, s. m. s. A plant, 
(Datura, or Thorn-apple.) 

Is*.! Dliaja, s. f. s. A strip of 

cloth, a standard, flag, pendant. 
j^i Daiir, s. m. a. 1. Time, an 
age. 2. Custom, habit, mode, man- 
ner. 3. Care, solicitude. 4. The 
world. 5. Fortune, chance, adver- 
sity, danger. 6. Atheism. 
j^i Dhur, s. m. h. Limit, either 
beginning or end, as, X). se dhur tak, 
From beginning to end. 
j^i> Duhra, a. s. Double. 

\j\yt:, Duhrana, v. a. s. To fold, 
double, repeat. 

^j^i> Dharnd, v. a. s. 1. To place, 
put down, assume, put on. 2. To 
give in charge. 3. To seize, calch, 
lay hold of, hold. Dhar-dena, or 
•baithnd, A mode of extorting pay- 
ment for a debt or compliance with 
any demand. 

^sj^i Dahri, a. a. Relating to 
time or fortune. 

iSj^^ Dhuri, s. f. s. An axle, 

Lyk.5 Dahriya, *. m. a. An atheist. 

ljlj^4>.5 Dhuriyand, v. a. s. To throw 
dust; to winnow, to sift. 

Ljr^'fc^ Dharicha, s. m. ii. The 
second husband of a Hindu widow 
among the lower classes. 
2 N 

l>A^ Dhara, s. m. h. A weight. 
Dh. bdndhnd. To make up a standard 
to weigh by (with bricks or any thing 

L«A^ Uhussa, s. m. ii. Flannel, a 
kind of coarse stuff made of shaw^ 

LJ'wk^ Dhasana, v. a. h. To cause 
to be thrust into, to thrust. 

tyl«>^j Dhasan,"! s.m.n. A slough, 

jU*^ Dhasao, J bog, quagmire, 

l.vx..»A^ Dhasakna, v. n. h. To give 
way, to sink (as a quagmire or bog). 

er^i Dhasan, s. m. h. See Dhasan. 

1^*^.5 Dhasna, v. n. h. To be 
pierced, stuck into, penetrated, thrust 
into ; to sink, to enter. 

(jiAi Dahash, s. a. Astonishment, 
amazement, a. Stupefied with amaze- 
ment, struck with astonishment or 

iJ^d Dihish, s. f. p. Charity, 

c:-.ijk.> Dahshat, s. f. a. Fear, 
terror. D.-angez, Horrible, hideous. 
D.-ndk, a. Alarming. 

iyliiik^ Dihqdn, s. m. p. a. A vil- 
lager, husbandman, headman of a 

jJIaaj Dihqani, s. m. f. a. p. 1. 
A villager, &c. v. s. 2. Agriculture, 
the profession of a husbandman. 

c:*wlaA^ Dihqaniyat, *./. a. Coun- 
try manners, rusticity, vulgarity. 

^A^ Dhakka, ~1 s. m. h. A shove, 

(JjkiA^ DiKikel,j jolt, push. D/t. 
derid. To shove, push, precipitate. 

IaIa^a^ Dhakelna, v. a. ii. To 
shove, push, jostle. 

Uaj Duhal, *. m. p. A drum. 

^^^ Dahla, *. m. p. Ten (at cards). 
biU.^ Dhulana, v, a, s. To cause 
to wash. 


( 274 ) 


jyiU.i Dhulai, s. f. s. Washing, 

price of washing. 
liljAikj Dhulwdna, v. a. s. To cause 

to be washed. 
^^i> Dihli, s. m. p. The city of 
' Delhi. See Dilli. 
f^Ci Dihli, s.f. s. A threshold. 
ljUl4,> Dhuliyana, v. a. s. See 

y^C) Dahliz, or Dihliz, s.f. p. A 

portico, threshold. 
*A.> Dahuni, a. p. Tenth. 

/*a.>Ua,3 Dhamadham, s. m. h. The 
sound of stamping, thumping. 

I^Ua^ Dhamaka, s. m. h. A kind 
of cannon carried on an elephant. 

JUa^ Dhammal, s, m. h. Run- 
ning through fire on religious occasi- 
ons (among Musalman faqirs). 

li'*ikOv»jki Dhamdhamana, v. a. h. 
To make a noise (with the feet by 
running about overhead). 

^.> Dhamka, s. m.u. I. Threat- 
ening, chiding. 2. Thump, noise of 
any thing fallen. 

Ij'^^A^ Dhamkana, v. a. h. To 
threaten, chide, snub. 

«2*4\<^j Dhamkahat, s. f. n. 

Lix^i Dliamakna, v. n. h. 1. To 
throb, to shoot (as pain), to palpitate, 
to thurap. 2. To flash, to glimmer. 

,^^-^i> Dhaniki, s.f. h. Threaten- 

^L^Ai Dhumla, a. s. Blind, dim- 

^yiUAj Dhumlai, s. f. s. Gloomi- 

t^A.> Dahan, s. m. p. Mouth. 

(j^i Duhn, s. in. a. Oil, oint- 

liA<> Dahna, a. s. Right, the op- 
posite of left. 


IJA^ Duhna, v. n. s. To be milk 

^d Dhunnd, v. a. s. 1. To comb, 

card (cotton). 2. To beat (the head 
from vexation). 

i<i^d Dihinda, p. a. p. Giving, 

2«\iA,> Dhundh, *. m. s. Haziness ; 

3lA,^iA^ Dhundhla, a. s. Foggy, 

misty, dull. 
^^j'iUoiA^ Dhundhlai,*./. s. Dim- 
ness, cloudiness. 
l^iA^ Dhansna, v. n. h. See 

'•sUA.i Dhanuk, s. f. s. A bow. , 
^JSlAi Dhan-kati, s. f s. The \ 

season for cutting rice. 
IJioAi Dhunakna, r. a. s. To card 

or comb (cotton). 
i^^d Dhanuki, s. f. s. The bow 

with which cotton is cleaned. 
u^'>^^ Dhunwan, *. m. s. Smoke. I 
iS^'i Dhunwi, *. /. s. See (^J^j. 

Ij^Au Dhaniya, *. in. s. Coriander 
seed (Coriandrum sativum). Dhaniya 
ki kkopri men pdni pildnd, v. a. To 
harass, disturb. 

Id^A^ Diiuniya, s. m. s. A car- 
der, a comber (of cotton). 

o-jwiAi Duhniyat, s. f. a. Oil, 

j_j»jJa^ Dhanes, s. m. s. The 
name of a bird with a very large bill 

l4jaA,i Dhuneha, s. m. s. See 

yki Dhau, s. f. s. A kind of 
wood (Lythrum fruticosum, Linn. 
Grislea tomentosa, Roxb.) 

!jA^ Dhawa, s. in. h. A cast of 
palki bearers who are Musalmans. 

cjlyfc^ Dhuwan, s. m. s. Smoke. 


( 275 ) 


tyj^i Dhobiii, s. f. 8. A washer- 

^jyfci Dhobi, s. m. s. A washer- 

yjAi Dhup, s. f. H. Sunshine. 

iP'j^'i Dahotra, s. m. p. Tithe, 

(J^'i Dhoti, s. f. s. A cloth 
worn round the waist, passing be- 
tween the thighs and fastened behind. 

cffjijAi Dhuri, s. f. s. An axle- 

^Mjy^'^ Dhuriya-bela, *. m. h. 
A species of jasmine. 

Lwj^i Dhusna, v. a. h. To ram, 
stuff; to butt (as horned cattle). 

l«S^*^ Dhokha, s. m. h. Deceit, 

deception, disappointment. 
Jyki Dhul, s. f. s. Dust, 

J>*.> Dhaul, 8. /. H. A thump, 

rap, slap. Dh, jarnd, or lagdnd, or 

mdrnd, v. a. To thump. Dh. lagnu, 

V. n. To suffer loss. 
liil^Ai Dhaulana, 1 v. a. h. To 
IJlil;^. Dhauliyana,J thump, 

box, slap. 
C>*^ Dhum, s. f. H. Tumult, 

bustle, noise, fame. Dh.-dhdm, s. f. 

Pomp, parade, tumult, bustle, noise. 
^♦jA.j Dhum, s. m. s. Smoke. 
U^:) Dhuma, s. m. s. The name 

of a colour like that of smoke. 
IjM^A^ Dhum-ra, or -la, *. m. s. 

See Dhuma. a. Smoke-coloured. 
JjjJk^ Dhuna, s. m. s. Rosin. 

IJ^Ai Dhona, v. a. s. To wash, 

^AJo^i Dhundliar, s. /. s. Fog- 

i^oojA^ Dhundhra, a. s. Foggy, 

dull, gloomy. 
iLJjA^ Dhunsna, v. a. ii. See 


2 N 2 

LJ^^ji Dhaunkna, v. a. s. To 

blow (with bellows). 
!^j-*i Dhunwa, s. m. s. Smoke. 

Dhunwdn-dhdr, a Smoky. 
!;!yyki Dhunwara, s. m. s. A 


^iyt>:> Dhuni, *. /. s. 1. Smoke. 

' 2. A fire lighted by a Hindu faqir 
over which he sits, imbibing the 
smoke by way of penance. It is prac- 
tised in the way of Dharna to extort 
compliance with their demands. 
Hence Dhuni dend. To dun, impor- 
tune ; to smoke, Dh. lagdni, To in- 
sist obstinately; to persevere in a 
demand. 3. Fumigation by way of 
exorcising, or as a medical application. 
Dh. lend. To inhale smoke, to under- 
go fumigation. 

^Ji^^ Dhoi, s. f. H. Pulse which 
" has been soaked previous to boiling, 

a mash. 
^Jt,:> Dahi, s. m. s. Thick sour 

milk, coagulated milk. D.-wdld, s. 

m. A seller of sour milk. 
J4*^ Dihez, or Dahez, s. m. a. 

A dowrj', a portion ; everything a 

wife carries with her to her husband. 
Jjak.3 Dahel, s. m. h. The name 

of a bird (Coracias). 
j-*^^ Dhimar, ~] s. m. s. A fish- 
jjixiti Dhinwar, > erman; name 
jji*^ Dluwar, J of a caste of 

^ixikj Dhemi, s. f. s. A milch- 
i_s:> Dai, s. V. Tiie tenth solar 

month or December. 
Ij4> Diya, *. m. s. A lamp. D.-sa- 

Idi, s. f. A match. 
j^ki> Dayajir, pi. of jij?^^. 

Darkness, dark nights. 
jk^ Diyar, *. m. a. A country, 

region, province. 


276 ) 


cui(j,i Diyanat, s. f. a. Consci- 
ence, honesty, justice, piety, virtue. 
D.'ddVt a. Honest, just, conscien- 

L*j«5 Deba, s. m. p. Brocade, 
gold tissue. 

*^ljJii Dibaja, s. m. a. Preface, 
exordium, introduction, preamble. 

jttxxj^ Debdar, s. m. s. The mast 
tree (Uvaria longifolia). 

j>:i6 Debi, s. f. s. The Hindu 
goddess (Bhowani, Durga, &c.) 

wiaJ4> Diyat, 5. /. a. The law of 
retaliation, the price of blood, the 
fine paid, for murder, wounding, or 

lsti,i Deja or Daija, s, m. s. Dow- 
ry, portion. 

jy^'^'^ Daijur, s. m. v. 1. The 
night of conjunction of sun and moon. 

2. A dark night without moonlight. 

3. Everything black. 

•i'Ji Did, s. m. f. p. Sight, seeing, 
show, spectacle. 

j'<xi.i Didar, s. m. p. Sight, inter- 
view. D.-khwdh, Seeking or solicit- 
ing an interview. 

jj\>ioi> Didaru, a. p. Well-looking, 

tirj'j'iJ^ Did-bazi, s. f. p. Look- 
ing about one, taking the air, re- 

i^i>j.> Didan, s. p. To see, seeing. 

ijx^d Didani, a. p. Fit or worthy 
to be seen. 

'^i'ij'^'^ Did-wa-did, s. m. p. In- 

J!<i^^Dida, j9. p. Seen, having seen 
or observed, s. m. The eye; a wan- 
ton or impudent eye; impudence. 
Dhoyd-dida, An eye void of shame, 
wanton, impudent. Dide phdrnd, To 
look stedfastly. Dida-rezi, s. f. v. 
Fatiguing to the eyes, as minute ob- 
jects.) Dida kholnd. To consider ma- 

turely. Dida-bdn or -tvdn, The wght 
(of a gun, &c.) Didu-o-ddnista, Wil- 
fully, wittingly, purposely. Dida-o- 
dil se, a. With heart and soul. 

jid Dair, s. m. p. An idol-temple. 

^^ Der, s. f. p. Delay, tardiness, 
slowness, adv. Late, slow, a long 
time. D.-pd, a. Durable. D.-pdi, 
s.f. Durability. D.-gdh,adv. Always. 

jjj-i'^ Diroz, adv. p. Yesterday. 

t^JvS Deri, s.f. p. Lateness, de- 
lay, slowness. D. lagnd, To be late, 
slow, &c. 

^kjriA Derina, a. v. \. Old. 2. 
Wise, cunning. 

U^ii) Des, s. m. s. Country, ter- 
ritory, region. 

^j^_i) Desi, «. s. Of the same 
country; native. 

h^^i Dekha, s. m. s. Sight, see- 
ing. D.-dekhi, Emulation, competi- 

IJ^>^J0> Dekhlana,v. a. s. See ^^<i, 

l*«^>i Dekhna, v. a. s. To see, 
look at, inspect, behold, perceive, 
experience. D. bhdlnd, To see, look 
at. Dikhnd, v. n. To look, to appear. 

^■^■j^.'!> Dekhwaiya, s. m. s. Spec- 
tator, beholder. 

^id Deg, s. f. p. A cauldron. 
D-ddn, s. m. A fire-place, a trivet. 
D.-sho, A scullion. 

s^hci Deg-cha, s. m. p. A pot, a 
small cauldron. 

j^„d Digar, a. v. Other, another. 

iiij{^j> Digar-gun, a. v. Chang- 
ed in form or figure. 

*^ii> Dimak, s. f. p. White-ant. 

i^ii) Din, s. m. a. Faith, religion. 
D.-ddr, a. Virtuous, religious. D.- 
ddri, s. f. Attention to religion. 

li^J^ Dain, s. m. a. Debt. D.-ddr, 
A debtor. 

IJJ^ Dena, or Dina, v. a. s. To 


( 277 ) 


give, grant, yield. D.-pdnd, s. m. 
Traffick, profit and loss. 

jlj^.> Dinar, s. m. A. A coin ; a 
ducat, a dinar, 

c^(iH^ Den-len, s. m. s. Pecuni- 
ary transactions upon interest, debts 
and credit ; barter, traffick. 

y^d Dew, s. m, p. A demon. 

j.j^ DeWj or Dewa, 5. m. s. A god, 
idol. s. f. A temple. 

|^J«> Dewa, s. m. s. A giver. 

j!>j.> Diwar, "\ «./. p. A wall. D.- 

Jl^j^ Diwal,J giriy s. f. Ta- 
pestry or cloth to adorn a wall. 

)i\y.^ Dewala, s. m. h. Bank- 

tJj^Jl^i Dewal-band, s. m. p. A 
soldier. See Duali. 

^J^^yi> Dewalei, s. f. s. Barter, 

^J^Jiii Dewali, s. f. s. A Hindu 
festival when Lakshmi is worship- 

j^jj^ Diwali, s. f. P. A leather 
strap, belt. See Duali. 

Ijj^i^i Dewaliya, a. s. Bankrupt. 

c;L>-<* Diwan, s. m. v. 1 . A tribu- 
nal. 2. A steward, a minister, a 
secretary. 3. A book of poems, the 
rhymes of the different poems ending 
successively with every letter of the 
Alphabet. D.-i-qld, s. m. A prime- 
minister, wazir. D.-i'khdss, s. m. 
Privy council chamber. D.-hhdna, 
1. A tribunal, an office. 2. A court, 
hall, hall of audience. D.-i-dm, Pub- 
lic hall of andience. D.-pan, s. m. 
for Diwdna-pan, q. v. 

^^^jH Diwanagi, *./. p. Insanity. 

AJ^Hi Diwana, a. p. Mad, insane, 
inspired. D.-pan, Madness, insa- 
\ ^ nity. 

I3^j<> Dewta, s, m. f. s. A heathen 

*->>!.> Daiyus, s. m. a. A content- 
ed cuckold, or one who winks at the 
fornication of his wife or female rela- 
tions from interested motives. 

Sj^'^y^ Dewdaru, s. m. s. A me- 
dicinal tree (Uvaria longifolia). 

jjj'^ Dewar, s. m. s. Husband's 
younger brother. 

(J^by.^ Dewrani, or Diwrani, s. f. 
8. Husband's younger brother's wife. 

(yLLw^j^ Dew-Stan, s. f. p. The 
habitation of demons. 

iJy,^ Diwak, s. f. p. The white 

jSol^^ji Dew-kandar, *. m. h. 

J^-i Dewal, s. m. s. An idol-tem- 

^JJi:> Dewli, s. f. h. 1 . A fish- 
scale. 2. The scale or scab of small 
pox. 3. A small lamp. 

^Sj^^y.^ Dewna-marwa, s. m. s. 
A shrub (Ocymum). 

isy^ Devi, *. /. 8. See Debi. 

Aj^ Dill, s. m. p. A village. Dihdt, 
pi. Villages ; the country (in opposi- 
tion to the town.) 

3 Is written thus to denote the 

Nagari ^, which is the twenty-ninth 
letter of the Sanscrit alphabet, and 
has no corresponding sound or cha- 
racter in the Arabic or Persian. It 
is pronounced by applying the tip of 
the tongue inverted to the palate. It 
is sometimes used for the common d 
and vice versS.. 

v'5 Dab, s. f. 8. A grass (Poa 

>2»I5 Dat, s. f. n. Snubbing, 
browbeating, threatening, checking. 


( 278 



liJiS Datna, v. a. h. To 

check, threaten , browbeat. 
*Aji5 Darh, s. f. s. A jaw tooth 

or grinder. 
^5*j'5 Darhi, s. f. s. A beard. 

wi^lS Dak, s. f. H. I. A post (for 
conveying letters, also relay of horses 
or of palki bearers) 2. A post-of- 
fice. 3. Perpetual vomiting. 

(^'5 Daka, s. m. h. An attack by 
robbers. D. dend, parnd, or ddlna, 
To rob. 

IJ^'5 Dakna, v. a. h. To vomit. 
yi5 Dakii, s. m. h. A robber. 

l^flS Dakija, *. m. h. 1. A rob- 
ber. 2. A post-man. 

J'5 Dal, s. /. H. A branch, 
bough. Ekdnl, a. Of one piece, with- 
out joining. 

Ms Dalna, v. a. h. To throw 
down, fling, cast, drop, pour, lay, 
push, thrust, set, shake, submit, throw 
throw away, destroy. Dal-dend, v. a 
To throw away. 

,^15 Dali, 5. /. H. 1. A present 
of fruit, &c., a basket of fruit, &c. 2. 
A branch, bough. 
^15 Damar, s. m. h. Resin, a 

UJilS Dantna, v. a. h. See Datna. 

3JI5 Dand, s. m. s. 1. Retalia- 
tion, revenge, punishment, forfeit. 2. 
An oar, a stick. 3. The backbone. 4. 
A line. D. bharnd, v. a. To fine, pun- 

|5J(5 Danda, s. m. s. Landmarks. 

lJiSJ\5 Dandna, v. a. s. To reta- 
liate, take revenge, fine, punish. 

t^5ol5 Dandi, s. m. s. A rower. 

0»^I3 Dans, 5. m. H. 1 . The sting 
of a reptile, &c. 2. A large mosquito 
or gad-fly. 

v£^l5 Dank, s. w. h. 1. See Dans 
(1.) 2. Foil. 

tj3 Dabba, s. m. ii. A leathern 

vessel for holding oil. Dihbd, s. m. 
H. A small box. 

t»b5 Dubana, v. a. h. 1. To cause 

to sink, to immerse. 2. To demol- 
ish, ruin, destroy. 

!ilj5o5 Dabdabana, v. n. h. To fill 
with water or tears (the eyes). 

lyZ Dabra, *. m. h. Marshy land, 
a puddle. 

^/^S Dubki, s.f. H. A dip, a dive. 

lijJS Dubona, v. a. h. To drown, 

ruin, &c. See Dubana. 
t5j5 Dibbi, s.f. H. A cartouch box. 

Uj5 Dibiya, s. /. u. A very small 

li^3 Dapatna, v. n. u. To gallop; 

to bawl to. 
*«j5 Daph, s. m. corr. of<ii. 
j_5^'4j5 Daph-ali, s. m. corr. of^^^ . 
j5 Par, s. m.f. s. Fear. 
'j|;5 Parana, v. a. s. To frighten. 

a. Frightful, terrible. 
lj)5 Parna, v. n. s. To fear. 
•jj^S Parwaiya, a. s. Fearful, s. 

A coward. 
l>-»5 Pasna, v. a. s. To bite or 

sting as venemous animals. 
j(^5 Pakar, *./. ii. A belch. 

lj;(^5 Pakarna, v. n. h. 1. To 
belch. 2. To bellow, to low. D- 
baithnd, or jdnd, v. n. To embezzle. 

«^H^5 Pukait, s. m. h. A robber, 

^J^i> Pakaiti, 5. /. h. Robbery. 

lji^3 Digana, v. a. h. To cause to 

shake or move, 
bis Pigna, v. n. h. 1. To shrink. 

2. To shake, vibrate, tremble, quaver, 

05ls Pulana, v. a. s. To move, 

shake, swing. 

{ 279 ) 


^y5 Dalwana, v. a. ii. To cause 
to throw, &c. See Dalna. 

'5J5 Dandaj s. m. s. A staff ; the 
beam of a pair of scales. 

iS'^5 Dandi, *. /. s. A staff ; a 
handle, the beam of a pair of scales ; 
a mendicant who carries a staff in 
his hand. Dandi, H. 'J"he tube of 
the corolla of the Nyctanthes arbor- 
tristis which is used for dyeing. 

<-^5 Dank, 5. m. h. The sting of 
a rejjtile, particularly of a scorpion. 

iljjiji Dankila, a. h. Armed with 
a sting. 

^ji Dub, or Dub, s. m. h. A dip, 
dive, plunge, immersion, a dip (in 
die or colouring), I), dend, To dip 
in die or colouring. 

\ij)5 Dubna, v. n. h. 1. To dive. 

2. To be immersed, drowned. 3. To 
set, to sink. 4. To be absorbed in 
business or study. Dildubnd, To faint. 

•jd5 Dora, *. m. s. 1. Thread, 
line, cord. 2. Edge of a sword, &c. 
A'nkh kd dord, A bloodshot eye. 
Dore dalnd, v. a. 1. To stetch a 
quilt. 2. To utter a long-continued 
sound like the Amaduvade (Fringilla 
amandava). Gar dan kd dord, A 
graceful motion of the neck in danc- 

LSJJ^ Dori, s.f. II. A string, cord, 
thread, rope. 

4;j5 Doriya, s. m. ii. Striped 

*j)j5 Doriya, *. m. h. Lace. 

Jj5 Paul, s. m. H. 1. Manner, 

method, mode. 2. Shape. 
iljS Dola, s. m. Do\i, s. f. s. A 

kind of sedan. 
l^^5 Dohia, V. n. s. 1 . To move, 

shake or be shaken. 2. To swing. 

3. To roam, ramble, rove. 

(•j5 Dom, '\s.m.H. 1. A low 
•j^j3 Pomra,J cast of Hindus. 

2. A cast of Musalmans, the males of 
which are musicians and the females 
sing and dance in the presence of 
females only. 

^JucjS Domni, s. f. h. A female 

of the Dom caste, v. s- 
l^j5 Donga, s. m. Dongi, s. f. h. 

1. A spoon. 2. A canoe. 3. A 

UIas Dhaba, s. in. h. 1. A net. 

2. The eaves of a house extending 
three or four cubits beyond the wall. 

(illA5 Dhak, s. m. H. A tree (Bu- 

tea frondosa). 
LiJlAS Dhalna, v. a. ii. 1. To cast 

(metal in fusion) ; to pour out, tilt, 

spill. 2. (met ) To do mischief, to 

IJlAS Dhana, v. a. h. To break, 

knock down, raze, demolish. 
liAJlASDhampna, v. a. h. To cover, 

to conceal. 
V^5 Dhab, s. m. H. Shape, form; 

manner, method, mode ; dexterity. 
ti^S Dhapna, v. n. h. To be co- 
l4^A5 Dhattha, s. m. h. A plug,- 

a cork. 
C5J45 Dihuri, s. f. ii. Threshold, 

j^^Ao Dhakar, s. f. H. corr. of 

Dakar, q. v. 
Ja5:a5 Dhakel, *. ni. h. A shove, 

push, thrust. 

ULi^5 Dhakelna, v. a. ii. To 

shove, push, jostle. 
1J31A5 Dhalana, v. a. n. To cause 

to cast (metal), to cause to pour. 
li^3 Dhalna, v. n. h. 1. To be 

cast (a metal), to be poured out, to 

spill. 2. To roll, to be inchned, to 

lJljA5ij»5 Dhundhwana, r. a, s. 

To cause to seek. 


{ 280 ) 


rjyfc5>iA5 Dhandhoia, s. m. s. Pub- 
lication by beat of drum. 

blykS Dhawana, v. a. h. To cause 
to raze or pull down. 

\jyAZ Dhora, s. m. ii. The tomb 
carried about in the Muharram. 

10* "5 Dhuka, s. m. h. Tapping 
or shoving. 

J_^5 Dhol, *. m. H. A large drum. 

liUjAS Dholak, or Dholki, s. f. h. 
A small drum. 

IJ^A5 Dholiya, s. m. n. A drum- 

lAA5Jyfc5 Dhundhna, v. a. s. To 
seek, search for. 

Li*5 phai}^a, s. m. h. A measure 

of two and a half ser. 
^^5 piier, s. in. h. A heap. a. 
Much, plenty. 

iSj^^^ Dheri, s.f. h. A heap. 

JjjAiS Phil, s. f. H. Looseness ; 
remissness, laziness, inattention. 

^5 Dhela, s. m. h. A clod, a 

^*5 Dhila, a. ii. Loose ; remiss, 
lazj', inattentive. 

J^Z Dhilai, s.f. h. See Dhil. 

^^JVx^z Dhenri, s. f. ii. The cap- 
sule of the poppy or cotton tree; a 
poppy-head ; an ornament worn in 
the ear. 

^^^5 Dhenka, s. m. h. A ma- 
chine for pounding. 

^^1x1x45 Dhenkli, s. f. n. 1. A 
mode of joining breadths of cloth or 
of cutting out cloth. 2. A machine 
for drawing water ; being a lever sup- 
ported on a long post, having a buck- 
et suspended to one end, and a weight 
of earth or stone to the other. 

_^iik5 Dheii, s. m. ii. A wave. 

i>yZ Derh, a. ii. One and a half. 
Derh-pdo, Tlnee- eighths, p.-pauwd, 
A weight, three-eighths of a ser. 

lAj5 Dil, s. m. n. Stature, body. 

^5 Dela, s. m. h. See Dhela. 

U;U)v_^ij5 Ding-marna, v. a. h. s. 
'i"o boast. 

^J^^ Dewrha, s. m. n. 1. Half 
as much again. 2. A mode of reck- 

^^3^5 Dewrhana, v. a. h. To 
take one of and a half. 

Ls^jy.^ Dewrhi, s. f. h. A thres- 
hold, door, antichamber. D.-ddr, A 
j«j5 Dehur, *. /. h. A volley, 
several muskets discharged at once. 

Zal, is the ninth letter of the 
Arabic alphabet. Its existence in 
Persian words, except as a substitute 
for Dal, appears very doubtful. It is 
pronounced by the Arabs like the 
English th in thou; but in Persian 
and Hindustani it has the sound of z. 
In Abjad it stands for 700 : and by 
way of abbreviation it is written for 
Zi-hijja, the last month of the Arabic 
lunar year. 

fj'i Zabih, j9. a. a. A sacrificer, 
butcher. Sad-uz-zdbih, Two briglit 
stars in the left horn of Capricorn. 

e)li Zat, s. f. A. ]. A mistress, 
possessor. 2. Essence, nature, soul, 
substance, property ; the body, "per- 
son; cast. Z. ul'jamb, s. m. 'Ihe 
Pleurisy. Z.-jdnd, To become an out- 
cast. Z.-dend To give up one's cast 
or relinquish the benefits of one's 
religion by eating, &c., with a person 
of another sect ; also to give cast or 
to receive into any sect as a member. 
Z.lend, or mdrnd, To deprive another 
of cast by touching his food, &c. 

V-Wloij. Zat-ul-jamb, s. ?». a. 
The pleurisy. 


281 ) 


"^jyioli Zat-ur-riya, s. m. a. Pe- 
ripneumony or pneumonia (Inflam- 
mation of the lungs). 

^Ji\ii Zati, a. a. Essential, natural. 

o'i Zaf, s. in. A. Sudden death. 

^\it Zakir, p. a. a. Remember- 
ing, grateful, a praiser of God. 

J*li Zahil, a. a. Careless, for- 

(3T?'i Zaiq, p. a. A. Fasting. 

*ajii Zaiqa, s. m. a. The sense 
of tastmg, the palate, relish, taste. 
Z'.-shinds, Knowing in taste, an epi- 

^i Zubh, s. /. A. A sacrifice, 
slaughter. 2. karnd. To ^sacrifice, to 
kill (animals for food according to 
the Muhammadan law), to slaughter. 

fii^i Zabih, p. A. Sacrificed, s. 
m. A sacrifice, Z.-ulWi, A name of 
Ismail the son of Ibrahim. 

^i^j Zakhair, 5.^?/. o/?^-i^i. 

j^'i Zukhr, "^5. m. a. Trea- 

^j^'i Zakinra,/ sure, provi- 
sions, victuals, stores. 

(;i Zarra, a. See aji. 

8;I;i Zurara, s. m. a. Particles 
scattered from anything in pounding. 

^I;i Zird, «. 7». A. 1. A cubit, a 
yard. 2. Two bright stars in the 
head of Gemini. 

ojji Zirwat, or Zurwat, s. f. a. 
1. The summit, pinnacle. 2. Majes- 
ty, pomp. 

8;i Zarra,* s. m. a. An atom, a 
perticle, a little. Z.-wdr, A little, at 

c5ji Zarrf, s. f. a. dim. o/* Zarra, 
q- V. 

o'fi Zudf,* s. m. A. Deadly 

(^i Zaqan, 5. m. a. The chin, 
the beard. Chdh-i-zaqan, s. m. A 
dimple in the chin. 

2 o 

l^i Zaka, s. m. a. Vivacity, 

acuteness of genius, penetration. 
Zuid, s. m. Tlie sun. 

ojKi Zakawat, s. f. a. Bright- 
ness of genius, acuteness. 

j^i Zikr, s. m. a. 1. Remem- 
brance, memory, commemoration, 
mention. 2. Praise, fame, recital, 
relation. 3. Reading of the Quran 
and recital of the praise and names 
of God. 

J>^ Zakar, s. m. a. Penis; male, 

Sjj^'it Zukura, s. m. a. The male 

^J,^ii Zaki,* a. A. 1. Acute, in- 
genious. 2. Fiery, flaming. Zaki- 
y-ul-mai, Of a splendid genius, 

JiS Zull, s. m. A, Baseness, 
meanness. Zill, s. m. Gentleness, 

o*Ji)i Zalalat, s. f. a. Abject- 
ness, obsequiousness. 

j«i/i Zulam, s. m. p. The colick. 

o»ii Zillat, s. f. A. Baseness, 

(3'i Zaiq, s. m. a. A prompt and 
ready or eloquent tongue. Harf-uz' 
zaiq, Lingual letter, as /, r, «. 

(J^i Zalal, s. a. Meanness, base- 

JjjJi Zalil, a. A. Abject, sub- 
missive, mean, contemptible, base, 

(•j Zamm, s. f. a. Blame, re- 
proach, accusation, detraction. 

&«i Zimma, s. m. a. Trust, 
charge, obligation, subjection, duty, 
service, fidelity; lineage. Z. lend. 
To take charge, to take care of, to 
take upon one's self. 

/♦Axii Zamim, a. m."| a. Bad, de- 

**j^i Zamiina, a. f. J pravod ; 


( 282 ) 

v-oi Zamb,* s. m. a. A crime, 

sin, fault. 

i-*Ji Zanab,* 5. w. a. 1. A tail. 
2. The descending node. 

5i Zu, *. A. A lord, a master : 
(in comp.) possessed of, endowed 
with ; as, Zu-l-jaldl, Possessed of 
glory, glorious. 

o'ji Zauwaq, s. m. a. A taster. 

jlfioJljCi Zu-1-faqar, s. a. A sword 
possessed by Muhammad and after- 
wards by Ali. 

u^y^h'i Zu-l-qarnm, a. An epi- 
thet of Alexander (lit. Possessor of 
two horns, implying that he conquer- 
ed the globe from east to west). 

t-ot^i Zawanib, s. pi. of Zanab, 
A. Tails. 

cjji Zauq, s. m. A, Taste, delight, 
joy, pleasure, voluptuousness. Z-se, 
adv. With pleasure, willingly, with 
all my heart. 

ti-ji Zawi, pi. in ohj. case of Zu. 

w.Ai Zahab, s. a. Gold. 
Jdi Zahl, s. m. a. Forgetting, 

leaving, carelessly abandoning. 
ej'^i Zihn*, s.m. a. Understand- 
ing, memory, genius, ability. Z.-i- 

daqtq, A subtile genius. 
Jj^i) Zuhul, s. m. A. Oblivion, 

e;->Ai Zahin, a. a. Sagacious, 

t5i Zi, obj. case of Zu, g. v. Zi- 

haydt, Endowed with life ; an animal. 

Zi-khirad, a. Endowed with wisdom. 

Zi-rvk, An animal, a rational being. 

Zi-hosh, a. Sensible. 

*s:*^^i Zi-hijja, s. m. a. The 
name of the last month of the Mu- 
hammadan year, (on the 10th day is 
the festival of Baqar-id). 

Jji Zail, *. m. A. The skirt of a 

garment, the train of a robe; the 
last, hinder, or supplementary part 
of any thing ; train, retinue ; the 
sequel, that which follows or is an- 
nexed, a list of particulars mentioned 
in a letter, an appendix. 

J Re, is the tenth letter of the 
Arabic and twelfth in the Persian al- 
phabet. Its pronunciation^ is that of 
the English r, when fully sounded. 
In Abjad it stands for 200. It is 
interchangeable with Mm and ddl, and 
sometimes ye is used for it. In al- 
manacks it is the astronomical cha- 
racter for the moon, and in dates it 
denotes the month Rabj-ul-auwal. 

v'j Rab, s. f. u. Sirup. 

sJaj^j Rabita, s. m. a. Whatever 
serves to bind one thing to another, 
bond, connexion. 

oi; Rdt, s. f. s. Night. R. thori 
aur sang bahut, — imports. The time is 
short and there is much to be done. 

V^l; Ratib, s. m. a. Daily allow- 
ance of food, allowance, rations, pro- 

*^ji; Ratiba, s. m. a. Salary, 
stipend, pay. 

IajI; Ratna, v. a. s. To die (with 
a colour), to stain. 

g'j Raj, s. m. s. Government, 
sovereignty, royalty, reign, king- 
dom, [layer. 

^Ij Raj, s. m. p. A mason, brick- 

l^'j Raja, s. m. s. A king, a 

^^^!; Raj-put, s. m. %. 1. A 
descendant of a Raja. 2. The name 
of a tribe. 

*^'-i>^b Raj-putana, a. s. p. Like 
or belonging to the Rajputs. The 
province of Ajmir is so called. 

( 283 ) 

^ylAj^l^ Raj-dhani, s. f. s. The 
metropolis, seat of empire, royal re- 

!;'>^L) Raj-wara, *. m. s. The 
country of Rajas ; the province of 

u-V^'J Raj-hans, *. m. s. A 

i.^*^^!; Rachhas, s. m. s. A demon, 

giant, goblin 

>^A^j Rahat, s. f. a. Quiet, re- 
pose, care, tranquillity. 

f^^^j Rahim, a. a. Compassionate. 

ci\j Rad, *. /. H. Pus, matter. 

lAj|; Radha, n. pr. s. The name 
of Krishna's mistress. 

Xj'j Rarh, s. m. s. That part of 
Bengal lying west of the Ganges. 

Ji^ Raz, s, m. p. 1. A secret, a 
mystery. 2. A mason, bricklayer. 

<s^^}h Raz-poshi, *. /. p. Keep- 
ing or concealing of secrets. 

ji^^j Raz-dar, a. p. Trusty, faith- 
ful, confident. Rdz-ddri, s. f. Keep- 
ing of secrets, secrecy. 

cjh Raziq, s. m. a. Sustainer, 
affording sustenance (a title of God). 

*^t^j'j Raz-i-nihufta, p. A secret. 
j^y^ Raz-niyaz, s. v. I^ecrets of 

lovers, loving prattle, 
tr'j Ras, s. f. n. 1. The reins 

of a bridle. 2. Usury : see Ugahi. 

3. Adoption. R bithdnd, or lend, To 

adopt a son. 

u^\j Ras, s. m. a. The head ; a 
head of cattle, (i. e. an ox, horse, 
&c.) R.-us-saratdn, The summer sol- 
stice. R.-ul-jadi, The winter sol- 
stice. R.-faqat, A horse of mid- 
dling breed. R.-kaldn, A high-bred 

♦^-Ij Rast, a. p. 1. Right, true, 
good, just, sincere. 2. Right (opposite 
to left). 3. Straight, even, level, ado. 
2 o 2 

Actually, certainly. R. ind, v. n. 

To regain one's temper, to be set to 

li*,l; Rasta, *. m. p. A road, way. 
jUJL.1; Rast-baz, a. v. Faithful, 

to be depended on. Rdsi-bdzi, s. f. 

^Xi«,(; Rast-go, a. p. Speaking 

&Lel*x> v£--«fj Rast-muamala, a. p. 

A. Proper, just, of good actions. 
ij^'^j Rasti, s. f. p. Fidelity, jus- 
tice, loyalty, rectitude, straightness. 
ir*»!; Rasikh, a, a. Firm, durable, 

constant, rooted, sincere, learned. 
y^^j Rasti, s. m. p. A mongoose 

(Viverra mungo), a weasel. 
(^1; Rasi, a. a. Of middling 

breed (a horse) ; indifferent, so so. 
•>-il; Rashid, a. a. Pious, faith- 
ful, orthodox, following the right 


ij^^j Rashi, s. m. a. Briber. 

^J^l) Razi, a. a. Satisfied, con- 
tented, agreed, pleased, vviUing. R.~ 
ba-rizd, God willing. R.-ndma, s. m. 
An acknowledgment of a cause 
being finally settled given by the 
plaintiff; the defendant gives a S^/i- 
ndma, (A general release.) 

^1; Ragh, s. m. p. 1. A declivity, 

the lower })art of a mountain. 2. 
The top of a hill. 3. A pleasant ver- 
dant meadow. 4. A villa, a summer- 

V^L) Raghib, j). a. a. Willing, 
wishing, a. Desirous, curious. 

,j^^j Ralizi,* s. m. a. A heretic, 
particularly a Shia. 

^1; Rafi, p. a. a. 1. Elevating, 
e.valting. 2. Repelling. 3. Carrying 

V^'j Iia([ib, s. m. a. A rival, au 

( 284 ) 

/^Ij Raqim, j9. a. a. Writing, s. 
m. A writer. R.-ul-huruf, The wri- 
ter of these letters — of this epistle or 
book, &c. 

fcr^'j Rakib, p. a. a. Riding, 
mounted, s. m. A rider. 

{j>^^j Rakas, s. m. s. A demon, 
goblin, giant. 

U^^ Rakhna, v. a. s. SeeRakhna. 

^^\j Rakh, s. f. s. Ashes. 

cJ/j Rag? s. m. s. 1. A mode in 
music, music, song, tune. 2. Anger. 

^^'j Ragini, s. f. s. A mode in 
music, the wife of a rag. 

Jl; Ral, s. f. s. 1. Resin, pitch. 
2. Saliva. 

j*'j Ram, a. p. Obedient, tame. 
s. m. A domestic, one who receives 

(•I; Ram, s. m. s. See Rama-chan- 

i^y^^j Ramayan, s. f. s. An epic 
poem by Valmiki containing the his- 
tory of Rama. 

^^\J Rampi, s. f. h. See ^1;. 

C5^!yr'j Ram-turai, s. f. h. The 
name of a vegetable, ochra (Hibiscus 

j^JLsr*!; Ram-jani, s. f. s. A Hin- 
du dancing girl, a prostitute. 
jaIa-j*!; Rama-chandra, n. pr. s. 
The son of Dasaratha and conqueror 
of Lanka or C^eylon : he was the 
seventh Avatar of Vishnu 

cjl^ Ran, s. f. p. The thigh. jR. 
se ran bdndhnd. To guard or watch 

f^^j Rampi, s. f. h. An iron in- 
strument used for scraping leather. 

OoJi; Randna, v. a. p. h. T.) ex- 

^J<^^J Randni, s.f. h. Parsley. 

8«ioi^ Rinda, p. p. p. Rejected, dri- 
ven out, expelled. 

5Jl^ Rand, s. f. s. A widow. 
liJIj Randa, a. s. Barren (applied 
especially to trees). 

<-^[; Rang, s. f. Ranga, s. m. s. 
Pewter, tin. 

j_5''j Rani, s.f. s. A Hindu queen 
or princess. 

j'j Rao, s. m. n. A prince. 

jU-jl^ Rao-chao, s. m. H. Gaiety, 

mirth, dalliance, affection, 
iryj; Ravan, n. pr. s. The king of 
Ceylon who carried away Sila and 
lost his kingdom to Rama. 

«ijjtj Rawand, s. a. p. Rhubarb. 

t5jL> Rawi,* s. m. a. A historian ; 

the author of a fable, romance, &c. 

»'j Rah, s.f. p. 1. Road, way. 2. 
Manner. R. bdndhnd. To refuse ad- 
mittance, to stop one's progress. JR. 
batdnd, 1. To discharge, dismiss. 2. 
To guide. Jl. par ana. To find the 
road which had been lost, to mend 
one's manners. R. parnd. To estab- 
lish mutual confidence. R. chhornd, 
To give way. R. dikhdnd, To make 
one wait for. JR dekhnd, or taknd, To 
expect, to wait for. R. dend. To give 
one access. R. ddlnd, To establish 
a custom.. R. rdh chalnd, To conti- 
nue in ^ne's usual practice or mode 
of conduct. R. rakhnd, To keep up 
an intercourse. R. kdtnd, 1. To 
travel a road. 2. To quit a path or 
take a short cut. R. karnd, To con- 
tract friendship. R. khoti karni, To 
linger on the road. R. lagnd. To 
follow one's own devices. R. lend. 
To go, to depart. JR. mdrnd, 1. To 
waylay, to rob. 2. To lay one under 
restraint ; to ruin one's prospects in 
life. R. marnd, The trace of a path 
being effaced. R. ndpnd, To walk 
about idly, to employ one's self un- 
profitably. R. nikdlnd. To devise a 
new mode of conduct. 

( 285 ) 


•iytxf; Rah-award, s. f. p. A pre- 
sent brought from on a journey. 

V*[; Rahib, s. m. a. A monk. 

jJAl; Rdh-bar, s. m. p. A guide, 
conductor. Rdh-bari, s. f. Conduct- 
ing, guiding on one's way. 

^^^»i) Rah-kharch, p. Charges of 
the road, travelling expenses. 

j'^x'j Rah-dar, s. m. p. A collec- 
tor of duties (on the road). Rdh- 
ddri, s. f. Collection of duties on 

j;»ij Rah-rau, s. m. p. A traveller. 

iJtyj^b Rah-rawish, s. f. p. Man- 
ners, habits, customs. 

oji'j Rah-zan, s. m. p. A high- 
wayman. Ruh-zani, s. f. Highway 

^«»!$lj Rah-sir, a p. Just, right. 

y^i^j Rah-guzar, «. m. p. 1. Road, 
way. 2. A traveller. 

j^i^ Rah-gir, s. m. p. A travel- 
ler, wayfarer. 

t^Alj Rahin, s. m. a. A mortgager. 
L^'j Rahna, v, a, h. To roughen 
a millstone. 

A-tOjjij Rah-nama, s. p. A book 
or map of roads, itinerary. 

UaaIj Rali-numd, *. m. p. A con- 
ductor, guide, leader. Rah-numdi, 
sf. Guiding. 

jl^lj Rah-wur, a. p. Ambling, (in 
horsemanship) going a certain gait 
which is generally taught to Tangan 
horses, s. An ambling horse. Rdh- 
wdri, s.f. Ambling, (of a horse ) 

^Jtb Rahi, s. in. p. A traveller, 

wayfarer ; travelling. 
db Rae, s. m. s. Prince, chief. 

R.rdydn, 1. A Hindu title (chief of 

princes). 2. The Diwan of the Kha- 

lisa, or chief treasurer. 
^J\J Rai, s. f. 8. A kind of mus- 

tard seed with small grains. R.-kaif 
Broken to small pieces or atoms. 

iSj Rae, s. f. a. Wisdom, opini- 
on, thought, counsel. 

c^Ajt^ Rae-bel, s. f. h. A flower 
so called. 

kb Raiya, s. m. h. Chaff of wheat, 
bran. s. m. s. A species of mustard 
with large seeds. 

e>(jlj Rayat, s. pi. o/Rayat, a. 1. 
Standards, banners. 2. A camp. 

<^t> Rayat, * s. f. a. A standard. 

lijt; Raeta, s.m. h. Pumpkins, &c. 
pickled in sour milk. 

^j) Raij, a. A. Customary, cur- 
rent, usual, common. R.-ul-waqt, The 
fashion or custom of the time. 

&!si\j Raiha, *. m. a. Fragrance, 
perfume, odour. 

(j'SjIj Raegan, a. p. Gratis, gra- 
tuitous, acquired without labour, adv. 
In vain. 

Vj Rabb,* *. m. A. 1 . A lord, pro- 
tector, preserver. 2. A name of God. 
R -ul-dlamin, God, preserver of the 
world. R.-ul ibady God, the protector 
of his servants. 

^j Rub, s. m. p. Juice, rob, si- 
rup. R.-us-sus, Extract of liquorice. 

<r>^j Rabdb, *. m. a. A kind of 
violin, a rebeck. 

^t>^J Rababi, "Is. m. p. A play- 

^■si^j Rababiya,J er on the Ra- 
bab, V. s. 

Js'j) Ribat, s. A. An inn, a cara- 
vanserai, [keeper. 

^j^^j Ribdti, s. m. a. An inn- 

,y^j Rubaj,t s. f. A. A quatrainj 
a stanza of four lines. 

(^jlj; Rabbani, a. a. Divine, godly, 

j^j Rabi-bar, s. in. s. Sunday. 

Jajj Rabt, s. m. a. Connexion, 
binding, bond, friendship, practice, 
habit, use. 


( 286 ) 


^j Ruba, s. m. a. A fourth part, 
a quarter, R.-i-maskun, 'J"he inhabi- 
tants of the earth. 

*r^!j Rabib, s. m. A. A step-son, 
son by a former husband. 

*J'ii) Rabiba, *. /. a. Step-daugh- 
ter, daughter by a former husband. 

^ Rabi, s.f. a. 1. The spring. 
2. 'Jhe spring harvest or grain cut 
in spring (as wheat, peas, &c.) Rabi- 
ul-auwal, The third month, and R.- 
ul-dhhir, or R. us-sdni. The fourth 
month of the Muhamraadan year. 
The 9th and 1 2th days of the former 
are festivals. 

^*Ai; Rabu, a. a. Produced in 
the spring, belonging to the spring, 

k^j Rupya, *. m. s. A rupee. 

yij) Ratalu, s. m. s. A yam (Di- 

Ijl3j Ratana, v. a. a. To rut, to be 

•hI) Rutba, s. m. a. Rank, dig- 
nity, degree, stair, step. 

A«J; Rath, s. /. s. A four-wheel- 
ed carriage, a coach. R.-bdn, or R.- 
wdn, s. m. A coachman. R.-bdni, sf. 

t^j Rati, n. pr. s. The Venus of 
the Hindus and wife of Kama-deva 
or Cupid. Ratti, s. f. 1. Fortune. 2 
A weight or measure equal to eight 

l^j Raja, s. f. a. Hope, prayer, 
supplication, intercession. 

J^j Rijal, s. pi. ofO^j A. Men. 
R.-ul-ghaib, s- m. An invisible being 
which moves in a circular orbit round 
the world. 

^^j Rijala, a. a. Mean, vulgar, 

i-r^j Rajab, s. m. a. The seventh 
month of the Muhammadan year. 

*-^^^j Raj^t, s. f. A. 1. Return, 

answer. 2. or Rijat, Returning to a 

divorced wife. 
O^j Rajul,* *. m. a. A man. 
(*^j Rajm, s. m. a. 1. Detesta 

tion, repulse, dejection. 2. Stonin^^ 

to death. 
WyiO Rajwara, s. m. s. See Rdj 

^j^j Ruju, s. m. A. 1. Return, 
turning towards, appearing. 2. Re- 
ference. R- Idnd, V. a. To turn to- 
wards, side with, submit, yield. 

^^j^J Rajuliyat, s. f. a. Viri- 

^'^J Rachana, v. a. s. To set to 
work, to set agoing ; to make, to do, 
2. To make merry. 3. To stain (the 
hands and feet with hinna, &c.). 4 
To celebrate. 

^j Rachnd, v. n. s. To be set 
to work or be employed ; to be made 
to keep time (in music), v. a. 1. To 
stain, to colour, 2. To make. 

(Ja.j Rahl, s. m. a. Departing, 
travelling; a mansion, resting place. 
Rihl, s. f. Support for a book. 

oJa^ Rihlat, s. f. a. Marching j 
departure, death. R, karnd. To die. 

f^s^j Rahm, s. m. a. 1. Mercy, 
kindness, pity. 2. A sort of sweet 
cake of a white colour. R.-dil, a. 
Tender-hearted, merciful. 

^s>,j Rihm,* or Rahim, s. m. A. 
The womb. 

^Wa.j Rahman, a. a. Merciful, 
forgiving (an epithet of God). 

^(♦a.j Rahmani, a. a. Divine. 

vi.*^j Rahmat, s. /. a. Mercy, 

(3^ Rahiq, s. a. Wine, pure 
and of the best quality. 

(kir^j Rahim, a. a. Merciful. 

^j Rukh, s. m. p. 1. The cheek. 
2. Face, point, side, quarter. 3. The 
castle at chess. R. phernd, or R. ba- 

( 287 ) 


dalnd. To be inattentive ; to turn away 
from ; to be angry or displeased ; to 
rcj«ct. R. dend, To familiarize. R. 
rakhnd. To continue friendship, to 
maintain friendly intercourse. R. 
kamd, To attend to, to accede to. 

(•U.^ Rukham, *. m. p. Alabas- 
ter, marble. 

o^j Rakht, *. m. p. Goods and 
chattels, property, apparatus, furni- 
ture, apparel. R. bdndhnd, To pack 
p, depart. 
jULj Rukh-sar, s, m. p. The 

(J^j Rakhsh, s. 

m. p. 1. A 

horse, a famous horse of Rustam. 2. 
Splendour; the rays or reflection of 

ejl«ui.j Rakhshan, a. p. Resplen- 
dent, refulgent, dazzling 

f^,i,i^jLj Rakhshindagi, s. f. p. 
Flash, lightning, refulgence. 

o«^jLj Rukhsat, s. f. a. Leave, 
licence, conge, dismission, discharge, 
permission, indulgence. R.-talab, 
Asking leave to depart. R. kamd, 
To dismiss. R. hond, To depart. 

&ili*4i^ Rukhsatana, s. m. a. p. 
A parting present. 

j^L^ Rukhsati, s. f. a. Any- 
thing given at parting. 

*j^i>j Rakhna, s. m. p. A fracture, 
hole, notch, cleft, perforation, flaw, 

ijj Radd, s. m. A. 1. Rejection, 
repulsion, resistance, refutation. 2. 
Vomiting. R. kamd. To reject; to 
vomit. R.-ul-ajz qla-s-sadr. The anti- 
strophe, repeating at the end of a 
verse the same word with which it 
begins, or beginning another with the 
word which terminated the preced- 
ing ; a kind of rondeau. 

bj Rida, s. f. A. 1. A cloak or 
mantle worn by Dervishes. 2. An 
upper garment of flne linen unsewed 

(or sewed if made of other stuflT) 
reaching to the middle of the leg ; 
any kind of cloak put on when going 

J'>JiJ; Radil-badal, s. f. a. Argu- 
ment, discussion, altercation. 

'r'^j^^J Radd-i-jawab, s. a. A 
reply, replication or rejoinder. 

C^dj Radd-i-salam, Returning 

(^ij Raddi, a. a. Rejected, s. m. 
Rejected things. 

^i^) Radif, s. m. a. A man rid- 
ing behind another on the same horse. 
s.f. The rhyming word of a poem. 

)j Raz, s. f. p. 1. A vineyard, 
vine, grape. 2. A battle. 3. A castle 
in Medina. 

cjDj Razzaq, a. a. Provider of 
daily bread (an epithet of God), sup- 
porter of all, providence. 

jyijj Razzaqi, s. f. a. An attri- 
bute of the deity, providing daily 

J'jj Rizal, a. a. Mean, worthless. 

*^iji; Rizala, a. a. Worst (after 
the best has been picked out, mean, 

ijjj Rizq, s. m. a. Food, wealth, 
a pension, allowance, support, sub- 
sistence, daily bread 

f»3; Razm, *. m. p. War, battle, 
combat. R -gdh, s. f. The field of 

u^j Ras, s. m. s. Juice, humour, 
essence; taste, flavour. 

U"j Ras, p. a. p. (In comp.) Ar- 
riving, happening, touching at, caus- 
ing to arrive, one to whom anything 
arrives; as, Z)ad ra*, Administerer of 
justice. Farydd-ras, One whom com- 
plaint reaches, i. e. A protector. 

I**) Rasa, p. a. p. (In comp.) Ar- 
riving. V- s. a. Quick of apprehen- 
sion, skilful, capable, clever. 


( 288 ) 


'—J Rassd, s. m. h. Rope. 

'^Ltj Risalat, *. /. a. Mission, 
divine mission. R.-pandh, Asylum 
of prophecy, i. e. Muhammad. 

4Jl«,j Risala, s. m. a. 1. Mission, 
sending a letter, &c. 2. A book, 
treatise, essay, small tract. 3. A 
troop of horse. R.-ddr, The com- 
mander of a troop of horse. R.-ddri, 
s. f. The command of a troop of 

(♦l-^ Rassam, s. m. a. A deli- 

e;Uj Rasan, p. a. p. Causing to 
arrive, arriving. 

liL-y Rasana, v. a. h. To solder. 

Jj^j Rasawal, s. m. s. A dish 
(Rice and sugar-cane juice boiled to- 

j_5jL») Rasai, s. /.p. 1. Access, 
entrance, arriving. 2. Wisdom, quick- 
ness of apprehension, cleverness, skill. 

«.:.**-) Rust, a. p. Bold, courage- 
ous, spirited, firm. 

li^j Rasta, s. m. p. A I'oad. 
>is-^j Rast-khez, s. m. p. The 
last day, the day of resurrection. 
Rust-kkez, p. a. Newly sprung up. 

^jt^JLwj Rasta-gari, s. f. p. Sal- 

/♦i^j Rustam, n. pr. p. One of 
the twelve champions of Persia : hence, 
a hero. 

j_j*wj Rustami, s. f. p. Valour, 

J^'i-'^j Rustani, s. f. p. A vege- 

Aiw) Rasta, s. m. p. A road. 

*i-») Rusta, p. p. p. Grown, ve- 

.x«) Rasad, s.f. p. Store of grain 
laid in for an arm)', &c., grain, pro- 

jjif-»>j Raska-pur, s. m. s. Cor- 

rosive sublimate, or a preparation of 
mercury similar, but milder. To pre- 
pare it, quicksilver is triturated with 
red bole, marine salt, and some sub- 
stance containing sulphuric acid (as 
alum, or the sulphates of zinc or 
copper), or sulphur itself. It is then 
sublimed in close earthen vessels. 

U*.j Rasl, s. m. A. Sending news. 
R.-rasdil, Epistolary correspondence. 
Rusul, or Rusl,pl. of Rasul, Prophets, 

j»-»j Rasm,* s. f. a. 1. Custom? 
law. 2. Model, plan. 3. A game 
among children in which a question 
must be answered in words which do 
not contain either of the three letters 
in the word Rasm. 

^54-«; Rasmi, a. a. 1. Customary. 

2. Middling, second sort. 

i:r«»j Rasan,* s. m. a. String, 
cord, rope. R.-bdz, A rope-dancer. 

^j^j Ruswa, a. p. Infamous, ig- 
nominous, dishonoured, s. m. Oppro- 
brium, disgrace. R.-e-dlam, Infa- 
mous throughout the world. 

i^jj^'-t) Ruswai, 5. /. p. Ignominy, 

<iiy»j Rasaut, or Rasiith, s. f. ii. 
A kind of coUyrium extracted from 
the root of the Amomum anthorhi- 

t>^J Rwsukh, s. m. a. Firmness, 


•ioji;^*-; Rusukhiyat, s.f. a. Firm- 
ness, constancy, steadiness, steady 

J^*»; Rasul,* s. m. a. A messen- 
ger, prophet ; Muhammad. 

iJj^J Rasuli, s. f. A. Mission. 

f>^^j Rusum, s.f. {pi. o/Rasm,) 
A. Customs, &c. ; a fee ; duties, taxes, 
postage of letters. 

oU^^j R 11 Slim at, s. pi. off>j-^j. 

f^ Rassi^ s. f. s. String, cord. 

( 289 ) 

^•^j Rasid, s. f. p. Acknowledg- 
ment of arrival or receiving, receipt. 
(In comp.) contract of Rasida, q. v. 

fSx^j Rasida, p. p. p. Arrived, 
received, ripe, overtaken by. 

%-»; Rasila, a. s. Juicy, luscious ; 

*i4; Rishta, s. m. V. 1. A string, 
line. 2. Series. 3. Relationship, con- 
nexion, kin. R.-ddr, s. m. A relation. 

Aar^j Rash'lia,* s. A. Dripping, a 
drop, sweat, juice. 

«^; Rushd, or Rashad, s. m. a. 
Rectitude, the right way. 

iS^j Rashk, s. m. v. Malice, 
spite, envy, emulation, jealousy. 

o^-iy Rishwat, s. /. a. A bribe. 
R.-khor, One who takes bribes. 

^3>y^ Rishwati, a. a. One who 
takes bribes. 

^^j Rashid, p. A. Finding and 
proceeding in the right way. a. Saga- 
cious, intelligent, wise. s.m. A. guide, 

o^Ue; Raaas, s. m. A. Tin, lead. 
Rassds. s. m. A tinman. 

Ue; Raza, *. /. A. Consent, ac- 
quiescence, permission, leave. 

vi^isLtf) Razaat, s.f. a. Sucking. 

^kU>j Raza-mand, a. a. p. Ac- 
quiescing, consenting, permitting, 
wishing, willing. 

f^^ljtl^j Raza-mandi, s. f. a. p. 

Consent, acquiescence, permission. 
^yl^j^yUii Raziii-bhai, s. a. h. A 

foster brother. 
^JliJ RazSi, s.f. s. A quilt. 

izj^r^j Rizwan, s. m. a. 1. Good 
pleasure. 2. The name of the door- 
keeper of paradise. 

«-*J5> Ratb, a. a. Moist, green, 
verdant, fresh, tender. Rulb, s. m. 
Green herbage or tree. Rutab, llipe 
2 p 

dates. Ratb-ul-Usin, Celebrated, fre- 
quently mentioned (with praise). 

cUs) Rati,* s. m. a. 1. A pound 
consisting of 12 ounces). 2. A cup 
of wine. 

ojjIs; Ratubat, s. f. a. Humidity, 
moisture, freshness. 

^^j Ridya, or Radya, s. pi. of 
Raiiiyat, a. Subjects, tenants. 

^^^j Ridyat, s. /.a. 1. Obser- 
vation, respect, honour. 2. Kindness, 
favour. 3. Guarding, protecting, pay- 
ing attention. 4. Remission, indul- 
gence, favour. 

t_sH^j Riayati, s. m. A. Favoured 
person, a protege. 

V^ Rub, or Rab, s. m. a. Terri- 
fying, fear, terror, trembling with 
fear; awe. 

<^j Rad, s. m. A. Thunder. 

A^j Rasha, s. m, a. The shak- 
ing palsy. 

Ij-^ Rana, a. a. 1 . Moving grace- 
fully. 2. Beautiful, lovely, graceful, 

t^^ Ranai, s.f. a. 1. Graceful 
gait. 2. Beauty, loveliness, grace. 

oJ^j Ruunat, s. f. a. Pride, 

vi'JS*; Raaiyat,* s. f. a. A sub- 
ject, tenant. R.-parwari, s. f. Pro- 
tection of subjects. 

t^^^j Raaiyati, s. f. a. Subjec- 
tion, tenancy. 

»-*ij Raghb, s. m. "^ a. 1. Strong- 

vs-Aij Raghbat, s.f.j desire, 
avidity. 2. Wish, curiosity. 3. Esteem, 
affection, pleasure. 

/t^j Raghm, s. m. a. 1. Looking 
down, shame, reproach. 2. Repug- 
nance, abhorrence. 3. Contempt, ii.- 
se, In despite. 

oj Raff,*, m. A. 1. Shining, glit- 
tering. 2. Eating much. 3. Kissing 
with the tips of the lips, sucking the 

( 290 ) 


lips when kissinji; ; sucking milk (a 
colt). 4. Defending, preserving; fa- 
vouring, serving ; honouring. 5. 
Swelling with moisture (herbage). 6. 
Winking or twinkling with the eye ; 
moving tremulously. 7. Sewinjf some- 
thing to the lower part of a garment 
to lengthen it. 

l^ Rafa, s. m. a. Mending (a gar- 
ment), cementing broken friendship, 
quieting, pacifying ; peace, tranquil- 

fciiU) Rifaqatj s. f. a. Society, 
companionship, friendship. 

:>'j; Rafah, "15. /. a. Con- 

OAAlij Rafahiyat, j tent, afflu- 
ence, enjoyment of life, repose, quiet, 

*^ij Raft, p. conti'. o/^^j. 

jUj, Raftar, s. /. p. Gait, pace, 
walk, going, moving, procedure. 

j^j Rafta-gi, s. f. p. Going, 

^ii, Raftan, s. p. Going, depart- 
ing, leaving this life. 

,JSij Raftani, a. p. Fit to go, 
" obliged to go, departing, transient. 

vt^^^ »i.i) Raft-o-guzasht, or 
Raft-guzasht, p. Past. 

^j R-dita.,p.p. p. Gone, depart- 
ed, deceased, lost. 

&ij) ssij Rafta rafta, adv. p. Go- 
ing, in the act of going j by degrees, 
gradually, in process of time. 

u^ij Rifz, *. ni. a. 1. Schism, 
heresy. 2. Abandoning. 

^yit>J Rafzi, s. m. a. See ^^b- 

^j Rafa, s. m, a. 1. Elevation, 
promotion, ascending. 2. Finishing, 
completing, setthng, deciding. 3. Re- 
peUing, removing. R.-dafq, Deciding, 
setthng, finishing. R.-i-sharr, Set- 
tling a dispute, deciding a difference ; 
getting rid of a dispute. 

•^x*) Rafat, s. f. A. Elevation, 

promotion, dignity, eminence, nohil- 

^ij Rufaqa, s. pi. of (j'l'j. 
yj Rafu, s. m. a. Darning, a 
darn. See Rafa. R.-chakkar, Makin!» 
one's escape, stealing off. R.-chak- 
kar men djdnd. To be lost in astonish- 
ment. R.-gar, s. m. A darner. R,~ 
gari, s. f. The employment of darn- 
ing. R. hand. To run away, retire. 

^jjj Raff, a. A. High, sublime, 
elevated, exalted. R.-usk-shdn, A per- 
son of dignity, nobleman of high rank. 
R.-ul-qu'lr, Of high estimation. Jt.- 
ul-makdn, Of exalted rank. 

{j^j Rafiq, * s. m. a. A friend, 
ally, associate, companion. 

i3j Raqq, s. m. A. Parchment, 

v^ij Riqab, s. pi. of Raqaba, A, 
Necks; slaves, servants. 

{jc^j RaqqSs, 5. a. A dancer. 

Riqd, s. A. 1. A kind of 
handwriting. 2. Plural of Ruqa. 

*iJ; Raqaba,* s. m. a. 1 . Neck ; 
slave. 2. Enclosure, esplanade, en- 

•^^j Riqqat, s.f. a. 1. Thinness, 
minuteness, subtleness. 2. Affection. 
3. Pity, sympathy, tenderness. 4. 

u^>j Raqs, s. m. a. A dance, a 
ball; dancing. 

^jUii; Raqasan, a. a. Dancing, 
skipping about. 

0^**^ Ruqaat, s. pi. of Ruqa, A. 
Notes, a collection of epistles. 

*«j) Ruqa,* 5. m. a. 1. A bit, piece. 
2. A note, epistle. R.-wdr, Paper fit 
for writing letters on. 

(*Sj Raqam, *./. a. 1. A mark, 
sign, writing, hand-writing, charac- 
ter. 2, A mode of arithmetical nota- 
tion chiefly taken from the initials of 
the Arabic words denoting the num- 



291 ) 

bers. 3. One character in the nota- 
tion above described. 4. Arithraetic. 
5. Manner, kind, method, sort. 6. 
A royal edict. R. karnd, To mark 
down, to write. 

^J*^J Raqami, a. a. Written, 

j'ij Raqu, s. m. a. An application 
to stop bleeding. 

VL>^ Ruqub, s. m. a. Expecting, 
watching, contemplating the stars, 

c-aj^ Raqib, *. m. a. A rival, 
enemy, one who watches, a guardian. 

i^^j Raqiq, a. a. Subtile, minute, 
thin, fine. 

«*i»j Raqinia, s. m. a. An epistle, 
note, letter. 

v'C) Rikiib, s. f. a. 1. a stirrup. 
2. Equipage, train. R.-ddr, A com- 
panion. R.-dodl, A stirrup-leather. 

v'^ Rikab, *. /. p. A dish, a 
plate. R.-ddr, Keeper of the dishes. 

^'(<r> Rikabi, *. /. p. 1. A dish, 
a plate. 2. A kind of rupee current 
in Lucknow. R.-maz'hab, a. Para- 

^^j Rukana, v. a. s. To cause to 

surround, stop, hinder. 
j^j Rukao, *. m. is. Ilinder- 
cylC; Rukavvat, s.f.J ance, 

prevention, detention. 
*jkjyc:^r; Rakt-korh, s. m. s. A 

kind of leprosy in which the part 

artectcd is red. 
•^aS; Rakat, s. a. Bowing the 

body in prayer. 

i:;0 Rukn,* s. m. A, 1. A pillar, 

prop. 2, Aid, support. 3. A grandee. 

4. Foot of a verse. 
b(; Rukna, v. n. a. To stop ; to 

be hindered, enclosed, prohibited. 
vjO Hukub, *. m. A. 1. The act 

of riding on a horse, carriage, &c. 2. 
2 p 2 

Commission of a crime. Rakub, a. 
Hiding, ridden on. 

^^j Ruku, s. m. A. Bowing the 
body in prayer. 

IjyO Rukwaiya, s. m. s. A pre- 

IJWO Rakhana, v. a. s. To give 
in charge, cause to keep, put, place. 
Rakhd-lendy To take in charge. 

li^S'j Rakhna, v.a.s. 1. To keep, 
put, place^ have, hold, possess, lay, 
set, station, leave, own, stop, save, 
reserve. Rakhchhornd, To place, 
keep, have, give in charge. Rakh' 
dend, To put down, to place, keep, 
put by. Rahh-lend, To take in charge, 
to take into keeping or service. 

bL^^Tj Rakhwara,^ s.m.s.Akeep- 

Ji^«(; Rakhwal, y er, guard, 

^!>«0 Rakhwala, J shepherd, 
cowherd, goatherd. 

i^\^j Rakhwali, s. f. s. Keep- 
ing, guarding, grazing cattle. 

lj/>^j Rakhwana, v. a. s. See 
Rakhana. Rakhwd-lend, To take ia 

(V'^j Rakhwai, *. /. s. The 

price paid for keeping, &c. 
l^iO Rakhiya, *. /. s. Protection, 

keeping. Rakhaiyd, s. m. Keeper, 

i^j Rikebi, s.f. v. con*. o/Rik- 

iibi, A dish, &c. 
^i^j Rakik, «. a. Fine, minute, 

subtile, thin. 
^j Rag, s. f. p. A vein, a fibre. 

R. utarnd, v. n. 1. To be aj)peared. 

2. To have a rupture. R. chafhnd, 

To be obstinate, pettish, or proud. 

R.-i'ffardan, Pride. R. marnd, v. n. 

To lose virility, to become impotent. 
jl«>5; Rag-dar, a. p. Veined, s. 

m, 1. Cloth in which ths threads 

are uneven so that some appear like 

veins. 2. A wicked brat. 


( 292 ) 


^iyj Rag-resha, 5. m. p. 1. 
Every vein, veins and fibres. 2. Every- 
thing, all. 

j^j Ragar, s. f. u. Attrition, fric- 
tion, rubbing. 

^J^j Ragarn^, v. a. h. To rub, 
scour, fret. 

cj>^ Rag-zan, *. m. p. A sur- 
geon, bleeder, phlebotomist. 

tVj Rulana, v. a. s. To cause to 
cry, to vex, displease, afflict. 

^j Ram, s. m. p. Flight, elope- 
ment. R.-khur, 'J'aking to flight. 
R.-khurda, Taken to flight. R. raknd, 
To elope, to remain concealed. R. 
karnd. To flee, fly, run away. 

y^j Rammaz, s. m. a. 1. A pro- 
poser of riddles, enigmas. 2. Speak- 
ing mysteriously. 

JL*; Rumal, contr. of J^J(;. 

Jt«; Rammal, s. m. a. A sooth- 
sayer, fortune-teller, prophet, con- 

c)^ Rumman, s. m. a. A pome- 

li^^ Ramana, v. a. s. p. 1. To 
entice, beguile. 2. To take posses- 
sion of. 

^I'Oj Rummani, a. a. Belonging 
to or resembling the pomegranate. 

j^j*^ Ramdii-phattu, h. Po- 
pulace, the vulgar (compounded of 
two names peculiar to the lowest 
ranks ; as, Tom, Dick and Harry in 

'y>j Ramz,* s.f. a. A wink, nod, 
sign ; riddle, enigma, mysterious 
allusion, ambiguous expression. 

oUi*; Ramazan, s. m. a. The 
name of the ninth Muhammadan 
month, during which Musalmans 
are interdicted from eating, drink- 
ing, and sexual intercourse between 
the morning dawn and the appear- 

^' T A park. 
I. P.J 

ance of the stars at night — ^in short, 
it is their Lent. 

(>0) Ramaq, s. m. a. The last 
breath, departing spirit. 

(J^j Rami, s. m. a. Sand. 
Ramal, s. m. Geomancy, foretelling 
by figures. 

^j Ramna, v. n. p. h. To turn ; 
to roam, range, wander, go. s. in. A 

^j Ramna, s. m. s. 

&i/c> Ramna, s. m. 

j$»ij^ Ramida, p. p. p. Terrified, 
disturbed, afflicted. 

^j Ramim, a. a. Carious, de- 
cayed (a bone). 

J^ Ranj, s. m. p. Grief, af- 
fliction, anguish of mind, offence, 

i^y^^ Ranjish, s. f, v. See Ranj. 

i^s^j Ranjak, s. f. h. Priming 
powder. R. urdnd, v. a. To burn 
priming ; to flash in the pan. R. pild- 
nd, To prime. R.'ddn, s. m. Priming 

jy^b Ranjiir, a. p. Sick, afflicted 

(Sjy^^j Ranjiiri, s. f. p. Affliction. 

*s:Jj Ranja, s. m. p. 1. Trouble, 
pain, grief. 2. A delicate and affected 
gait. R.-hhdtir, Troubled in mind. 

^J'^'^j Ranjidagi, s.f. p. Afflic- 

i'^^j Ranjida, p. p. Afflicted, 
offended, displeased. 

<^j Rind, s. m. p. A reprobate, 
drunkard, debauchee. 

*ilt>i> Rindana, «. p. Licentious. 

\^j Randa, 1 s. m. p. A plane (for 

2«iO) Randa,J smoothing wood). 

t^j Randa, s. m. s. A hole, loop- 
hole, an embrasure. 

C5«ij; Rindi, s.f. p. Trick, fraud, 


( 293 ) 


3j^ Rand, s. m. s. The name of i <-^i^k^j Raiig-ba-rang, s. m, v. 

a tree (Palma Christi). 
\^j Randa, s.f. s. A widow. 
'j^L) Randua, s. m. s. A widower. 
iS^j Randi, s. f. s, A woman. 

R.-bdz, Whoremonger. R,-b<izi, s.f. 

Whoring, wenching. 

yj Rimz, s. m. a. Rice. 

v/i; Rang, s, m. p. s. 1. Colour. 
2. Manner, method, hue, paint. 3. 
Amusement, merriment, pleasure. 
K. utarnd. To become pale, to be 
grieved. R, uf-jdnd, To change co- 
lour, to be afraid. R. bigarnd, To 
change the state or condition of any- 
thing. R. charhnd, To be elated 
with liquor. R. dekhnd. To look at 
or examine the state, condition, re- 
sult, conclusion, or consequence of 
any thing. R. rdtnd. To be affected 
or imbued (with love), to become at- 
tached to any one. R.-i-shihasta, 
Colour altered (through affliction). 
R.fak hojdnd, To grow pale (from 
fear or astonishment). R. karnd, To 
enjoy, to lead a life of pleasure. 
R. lagdnd, To colour; to excite a 
quarrel. R. mdrnd, To win in gam- 

iXj'u^j Rang-a-rang, a. p. Va- 
rious, many-coloured, of many kinds. 

^yliJiw^ij Rang-afshSni, s. f. v. 
Scattering colour. 

i^jiift\<Si^ Rang-a,mezi,5./.p.Paint- 

ing, colouring; stratagem. 
lj>^ Rangana, v, a. p. s.To colour. 
>2yl^j Rangawat, s. f. p. s. Colour. 
^J^J Rangai, s.f, p. s. 1. The 

price paid for dying. 2. A certain 

space of time during which a cloth 

is dyed. 

aj^'jvjjj Rang-bakhta, a, p. Hav- 
ing lost colour, being lost in fear or 

Various colours or sorts, a. Various. 

oXi; Rangat, s. f. v. Colour. 

I^i% Rangtara, s. m. v. A kind 
of orange (this name was given by 
Muhammad Shah). 

uIjj^^j Rang-raliyan, s ./. pi. p. 

Merriment, mirth. 
yij^^j Rang-rez, s. m. v. A dier. 
Rang-rezt, s. f. Dying, tinging. 

iSs^ >Si) Rang-mahall, s. v. a. 
An apartment dedicated to voluptu- 
ous enjoyment. 

l^ Rungna, v. a. p. s. To co- 

^<J[>^J Rangwai, s. f. p. s. The 
price paid for colouring (particularly 
for dying). 

k^j Rangwaiya, s. m, p. s. A 

^J■iJ Rangi, s. m. p. s. A dyer. 
s. f. 1. Chintz, the colour of which 
will not stand washing. 2. A kind of 
cloth peculiar to Khairabad. 

%^ Rangila, a. p. s. Gaudy, 
fine, showy, s. m. A rake. 

(^^j Rangin, a. v. Coloured, 
painted; figurative, fine, showy, va- 
rious. R.-add, Of elegant manners. 
R.-addi, s. f. Elegance of manners. 

jV^A) Rangini, s. f. p. Colour- 
ing, figurativeness, variety. 

j; Ru, 8. t». p. 1. Face, surface. 
2. Sake; cause, reason. Ru dend. 
To attend to, regard. 

jj Ran, p. a. p. (In comp.) Go- 
ing, as Pesh-rau, Preceding, going or 
singing before another. R. dend, To 

jj Ro, p. a. P. (In comp.) Grow- 
ing, germinating. 
Ij(j Rawa, p. p. p. Going, a. 
Right, proper, accurate, worthy. Ji.- 
ddr, An approver, chooser, consen- 


( 294 ) 


ter, judging right. R.-dari, s. f. 
Approbation. R. rakhnd. To approve, 
to consider lawful. 

jj Rawa, s. m. ii. Gold oi* silver 
filings ; a grain or particle (of sand, 
dust, gunpowder, &c.) 

^jj Rawaj, s. m. a. Usage, cus- 
tom, fashion, currency, vent, sale. 

, a. Customary, current, vendil)le. 
JjUj Rawa-rau, n s.f. p. Going, 

t^sj^Jj Rawa-raui,J travelling. 

u^*!i> Rawafiz, s. pi. of Rafizi, a. 
Heretics, Shias. 

o!i> Riwaq, *. A. A portico, a 
gallery in front of a house, a lofty 
building resting on columns. 

o]jj Rawan, a, p. Going, moving, 
flowing, running, s. m. 1. Text. 2. 
Reading. 3. Life, soul. R. karnd, 1. 
To set agoing. 2. To despatch, to for- 
ward, to send. 3. To make current. 

c;[i> Roan, a. m. s. See Rom. 

^fjj Roana, v. a. s. To make cry, 
to vex, to displease. 

^by Rawanagi, s.f. p. 1. Run- 
ning, flowing. 2. Passing, travelling, 

<j»i!i) Rawans, s. m. h. A kind of 
bean, (Dolichos sinensis.) 

^li) Rawana, s. m. v. A pass, 
passport, a. Despatched, departed, 
proceeding. R. hona, 1. To flow. 2. 
To be despatched, to be in motion, 
to go, to pass. 

^J^JD Rawani, s. f. p. Running, 
flowing; reading. 

fj^jj Roai, s.f. s. Lamentation. 
obijij Riwayat, s. pi. of'^i^jj, 
ooijy Riwayat,* s.f. a. A history, 

narrative, tale, fiction, fable, 
wjj Rob, p. a. V. (In comp.) 

i^sj Robah, s. f. r. A fox. R.- 

hdzi, s.f. Stratagem, wile, trick, cub 
ning, deceit, evasion, subterfuge. 

«LrU; Ru-ba-rah, a. p. 1. Fit fo 
business, adjusted, prepared. 2. Re- 
formed, returned from an erroneous 
course, returned safely. 

Jl/vJD Ru-ba-ru, s. m. v. Presence. 
adv. Face to face, before. 

;^Jl> Rii-ba-kar, a. v. Face to bu- 
siness ; ready for business, intent on, 

LSj^ji) Ru-ba-kari, s. f. v. Pro- 
ceedings (of a cause — a law term.) 

*jj; Robah, p. contr. of Robah. 

Ijjy Rupa, s. m. s. Silver. 

c:-«.s^j Rup-jast, s. m. s. ii. 

lijjy Ropna, v. a. s. To sow, to 

s^^V Ruposh, a. p. Hiding the 
face ; concealed ; being externally 
one thing and internally another^ 
R. hand, To be concealed, to hide 
one's face. Rv.-posM, s.f. Conceal- 
ment, &c. 

^^j Rupahla, a. s. Silvered, 
made of silver. 

fj^j Rupa'e, or Rupai, j»/. of^>jj. 

aj^jj Rupiya, *. m. s. A coin so 
called = about two shillings English. 
It should weigh 1793 grains (Troy 
weight). The silver is better than the 
English standard silver by 2j pence 
the ounce. 

^^)J Ruthni, s.f. s. A species 
of sensitive plant (Mimosa natans). 

fjjj Roti, s.f. s. Bread. K. tornd, 
To eat the bread of idleness. 

*«eti> Rojh, s. m. s. The Nil-gao, 
or white-footed antelope (Antilope 

^jj Ruh,* s. f. A. Soul, spirit. 
R.-ul-amin, The augel Gabriel. R.- 
ul-quds, The Holy Spirit, the angel 


( 295 ) 


Gabriel. R.-ulldh, The Spirit of God, 
Jesus Christ. 

^Uj; [luhani, a. a. Spiritual. 

iyj Rod, or Rutl, s. m. v. I. A 
river, a stream. 2. The string of a 
musical instrument. 

\.ijj Roda, s. m. p. A sinew used 
as a bow-string; a gut, cat-gut; the 
branch of a creeper. 

oil^jj Rii-dad, s. f. p. Account of 
circumstances, narrative, incident, 

jt^jy Rii-dar, s. m. p. A man of 
rank and dignity. Rd-ddri, s.f. 1. 
Rank, dignity. 2. Flattery, complai- 

^\^o)j Rud-khana, s. m. p. The 
bed of a river, a river. 

^djj Roda, s. m. p. A gut. 

jji) Roz, s. m. p. a day. R.-bd- 
qish, A good day (to you). R.-bw 
roz, adv. Daily, constantly. R.-bih, 
Fortunate days, happy times, pros- 
perity. R.-i-jazd, Day of judgment. 
R.'i-siydh, Adversity, misfortune, 
trouble. R.-o-shah, Always, day and 
night, constantly. R.-ishumdr, The 
day of reckoning, i. e. of judgment. 

^^j)j Rozdna, a, or adv. p. Daily, 
by day. s. m. A daily allowance. 

Jtjjj Roz-gar, s. m. f. I. Service. 
^ 2. Earning. 3. The world, time, age, 
F fortune. R. kamd, To serve, to earn. 

isj^jjj Roz-gari, a. p. One who 

l;<jj>j Roz-marra, s. m. p. Daily 
conversation, common discourse, dai- 
ly transactions, ado. Always, daily. 

CUD Rauzan, *. m. p. A hole, a 

^*^j)j Roz-namcha,l *. m. p. 

A/cGjjj Roz-nama, J A daily 
account- book, a journal, diary. 

(Sjx) Rozi, *, /. P. Daily food, 

Aijjjt) Rozina, *. m. p. Daily pay. 
R.-ddr, 8. m. One who receives 
daily pay. 

ijjj Roza, s. m. p. Fast, lent. R.- 
ddr, s m. One who fasts or keeps 
lent. R. hholnd. To break a fast. 

crjj Raus, s. f. p. An avenue. 

li^jj Rosta, ^5. m. p. 1. A 

j^jjU-jj RostaijJ village. 2. A 
peasant, a villager. 

•xjja*«j>; Rii-sufuid, a. p. Fair-faced, 
of a bright countenance; unblamea- 
ble, honest, respectable, select. Ru- 
sufaidi, s.f. Honourable conduct. 

^J^3J Rusi, s. f. s. Scurf. 

Js'-Jt'-'jj Ru-siyah, a. v. Disgraced, 
criminal, sinner, unfortunate. 

c5*^JL> Ru-siyahi, "i *./. p. Dis- 

j_5^*«j>; Rii-siyahi, J grace, dis- 
honour, criminal conduct. 

ij>ij Ravish, s. /. p. 1. Custom, 
fashion, institution, law, rule. 2. 
Avenue, walk, passage, way. 

tr*Jt) Roshan, a. p. Light, splen- 
did ; manifest, conspicuous ; enlight- 
ened. R.-chauki, s. f. A kind of 
serenade with pipes and small tabours 
round the apartment of a great man 
when he retires to rest ; also the same 
music on other occasions. R.-ddn, 
s. m. A small hole for admitting light., 
R.-dil, or R.-zamir, a. Of an en- 
lightened mind. R.-dimdgh, Snuff. 
R.-rde, Of enlightened understand- 
ing. R.-taba, a. Of a bright genius. 

U-^jj Ru-shinas, 5. p. An ac- 
quaintance, one whose face is known, 
a cap acquaintance. Ru-shindsi, s.J', 

jjJliwjj Roshnai, s.f. p. 1. Light, 
splendour. 2. Ink. [splendour. 

is^jj Roshni, s. f. P. Light, 

i^jj Rauza, * s. m, a. 1. A gar- 
den. 2. A mausoleum. R.-khwdn, s. m. 
One who recites the praises of IIu- 


( 296 ) 


sain in the month Muharram, or an 
eulogist at the tomb of a saint. 

i^jj Raughan, s. m. p. Grease, 
oil, boiled butter, varnish. R.-i-bal- 
sdn. Balsam. R.-i-talkh, s. m. Oil of 
mustard. R.-josh, s. m. A kind of 
dish. R,-ddgh, s, m. A vessel for 
boiling butter in. R.-i-zard, s. m. 
Boiled butter. R.-Jarosh, s. m. An 

i^jj Raughani, a. p. Greasy, 

o3j Ra'uf, a. A. Merciful, forgiv- 

>Jjj Rok, s.f. s. Prevention, pro- 
hibition, stopping, hinderance. 

iJ^jj Rii-kash, a. p. Exciting 
some one to calumniate or injure a 
third person; being externally one 
thing and internally another. 

^^JJ Rii-kashi, s. f. p. The act 
' of exciting one person, &c. v. s. 

^}j Rokna, v. a. s. To enclose, 
surround, stop, prevent, detain, in- 
terrupt, prohibit. 

k^9j Rukha, a. s. Dry, plain, pure, 
simple, unseasoned, rough, harsh, 

J^k^ij Riikhani, s. f. s. A car- 
penter's chisel. 

^'L«Oj Rukhai, s. f. s. Rough- 
ness, plainness, dryness, unfriendli- 

cjl^jy Ru-gardan, a. p. Turning 
away the face, deserting, abandoning. 
R. karnd, To turn away the face, 
to abandon; to beat. [weep. 

biljj Rolana, v. a. s. To cause to 

^}jj Rolua, V, a. h. 1. To roll, 
plane, polish, smooth. 2. To select, 
to pick. 
fjju Roll, s. /. H. A red grain or 
seed with which the tilak is made. 

j*jy Rom, s. m. s. Down, small 
hair of the body. 

(•jj Rum, n. pr. a. ';Rome, the 
Turkish empire, Greece, Romelia. 

^^^JJ Riimi, 5. m. A. A Grecian. 

JUjj Rii-mal, 5. m. p. A hand- 
kerchief, a towel. 

(^I'ejy Ru-mali, s.f. v. 1 . A kind 
of pigeon. 2. A mode of exercising 
the arms by turning the mugdars 
over the head. 3. A sodomite. 4. 
A handkerchief worn about tlie head. 

^hj Rona, V. n. s. 1. To cry, to 
weep. 2. To be displeased, or me- 
lancholy, a. Addicted to crying. 
*. m. Lamentation, grief. Ro-dend, 
see Rona. 

^jj Rawanna, s. m. vl. A. servant 
Mho attends at the gates of the wo- I 
men's apartments to purchase articles. ' 

^jj Rauna, *. m. h. Bringing home 
a wife to consummate a marriage. 

Uj>j Rona, s. m. h. See Rawa, h. 

liAJjj Rompna, v. a. s. To plant, 

t>jjj Raunaq, s. f. a. 1 . Beauty, 
elegance, splendour, ornament, gaiety. 
2. (met.) Order, symmetry. R.-afzi 
hond. To be graced (by the presence 
of the person addressed or spoken 
of, when a great man visits any one). 

I^jj Rungta, s. m. s. The short 
hairs of the body. 

ly^-^jj Ru-numai, s. f. p. A shew- 
ing of the face, a sight of the face. 

^jj Rawanna, s. m. p. A pass, a 

>iL*Ajj Rohat, s.f. s. Weeping, 
jjkjy Rohu, s. f. s. A fish (Cypri- 

nus denticulatus). 
(SJt) Rui, s.f. H. Cotton. R.-ddr, 

a. Quilted with cotton, stuffed with 

<^jj Rue, s. p. The face. See Ru. 

Roi, p. a. Growing, vegetating, 
•^iij Roy at, s. f. a, 1. Shape, 

{ 297 ) 


appearance. 2. Seeing. 3. Aspect 
of the planets. 

cs^«^A> RoiJagi, s. f. P. Vegeta- 
tion, growth of a plant. 

i:tJ>j Roin, s. in. p. Brass, bell- 
metal. R.-tan, Brazen-bodied, a 
hero ; an epithet of Isfandyar whose 
body was impenetrable to weapons. 

i^Jjj Roen, *. /< s. The hair on 
the arras, &c., bristle, pile, nap, down, 
R. badalnd, To become sleek and fat, 
to change the coat. 

&ijj Rav'iya, s. m. p. Custom, 
fashion, institution, law, rule. 

hijj Rui-ha, s. m. n. A seller of 

8) Rah, 8. f. V. 1. A road, path. 
2. Time (i. e. twice, three-times, &c.) 
R.-numd, s, m. A guide, pilot. R. 
naward, s. A traveller, a galloping 

L«) Riha, a. p. Released. 

jUj Rahao, s. m. u. See Rahaish. 

^J^J Rihai, s. /. p. Liberation, 
escape, relief, acquittal, discharge, 
freedom, release. 

(>J^; Rahaish, *. /. h. Stay, de- 
lay, halt, abode, residence. 

^*) Rah-bar, *. m. p. A guide. 

csj^j Rah-bari, *. /. p. Guidance, 
direction, showing the road. 

^j Rahte, p. p. h. In the re- 
maining, in the presence. 

ljL=*j Rah-jana, v. n. ii. To wait, 
stay, delay ; to desist, give up, for- 

ijt') Rah-rau, s. m. v. A traveller. 

LS^j^J Rah-raui, s. f. p. Travel- 

i:i>A; Rah-zan, s. m. p. A high- 
wayman. [ robbery. 

(^j>*) Rah-zani, 5. /. p. Highway- 

^SJbj Rahkala, or Rahkala, s. m. h. 
A small cannon, a swivel. 

2 Q 

j\iJAj Rah-guzar, or -guzar, s. m, 
p. Highway, passage. 

I/aj Rah-gira, a. p. Tending to- 
wards, inclined towards. 

,j*^j Rah-gir, s. m. p. A traveller. 

^j Rahla, s. m. u. A kind of 
pulse (Cicer arietinum), Ghana. 

jUaj Rah-mar, s. m. h. Robber, 

u^j Rihu, *. m. A. A pledge, a 

LJ-*^ Rahna, v. a. ii. To stay, 
stop, remain ; to be, exist, last, con* 
tinue, stand, live ; to escape. Rahne- 
wdld, Inhabitant. 

^_j'UiA) Rah-numai, 5./. p. Guid- 

j\j^j Rah- war, s. m. p. Seejlyklj , 

^5!^4j Rahwai, s. f. h. House- 

^ijJk; Rahwaiya, s. m» h. An in- 
habitant, dweller. 

^j Rai, s. f, a. 1. A churning 
staff. 2. Bran. 

isj Re, m. and Ri, /. s. A voca- 
tive particle like Holla, O ! {contr, 
of Are, q. v.) 

^j Riya, s. m. A. Hypocrisy, dis- 
simulation, subterfuge, evasion, af- 

ci.lj; Riy^t, pi. of ^.)y The lungs. 

tHai-lj; Riyahin, /?/. o/iyl^. 

»i**«L»; Riyasat, s. f. a. Govern- 
ment, command, dominion. 

(Jik) Riyaz, jj/. of ^j. Gardens. 

*z^kj Riyazat, s.f. a. Abstinence, 

^i^bj Riyazati, s. m. a. A prac- 
tiser of austerities, devotee. 

i^'j) Riyazi, s. m. a. Mathema- 

^y (j; Riyiii, s. m. f. a. A hypo- 
crite, sophist. 

V<) Raib, s, m. a, 1. Doubt, 


( 298 


« suspicion, scandal. 2. Necessity. 3. 
Bad fortune. Be-raib-o-riyd, Without 

• dissimulation, undisguised. 

*^ij Ret, s. /. s. 1. Sand ; filings. 

. 2. Seed (sperma). liet-ld, or liet-ild, 
a. Sandy. 

LUjj lletna, v. a. s. To file, polish, 

I>^; Retua, s. m. s. A filer, pol- 

^i-ij Reti, s.f. s. 1. Sandy ground. 

"2. A file. 

^^^i) Retiyana, v. a. s. See Retna. 

l^ij, Ritha, s. m. s. A fruit, soap- 
wort, soap-nut (Sapindus sai'onaria). 

««^ Richh, s. m. s. A bear. 

^ij Rih, s. f. A. 1. Wind. 2. 

• Odour, exhalation. 

ii)ls:^^ Raihan,* s. m. A. An odo- 
riferous plant, sweet basil. Tukhm-i- 

' raihin, The seed of Ocymum pilo. 

^\a.ij Rihani, a. A. A kind of 
Arabic writing (used in titles of 
books, or monuments, &c.) 

•^<sij Rihi, a. A. Windy, flatu- 

irJ) Raikh, a. a. 1. Loose, relax- 
ed. 2. Straddling wide with the 
thighs. ,3. Having a prolapsus ani, 
s. m. Prolapsus ani. 

^j Rikh, s. m. a. Thin excre- 
ment in diarrhoea. 

&lsij Rekhta, a. p. Scattered, s. m. 
1. The Hindustani or Urdu is so 
called being a mi.^ed dialect. 2. A 
Hindustani ode. 3. Mortar, plaster. 

Xji; Rirh, s. f. H. The backbone. 
Jjj Rez, p. a. p. (In comp.) 
Pouring, scattering, dropping, &c., as 
Ashk-rez, Shedding tears : Durr-rez, 
Scattering pearls. Rez karnd, To 
begin to speak or talk as young birds. 

^^j-ij Rezish, s. /. p. 1. A run- 

ning attlienose. 2. A running, flow- 
ing in small quantities, pouring out> 
scattering, effusion. 

^^^jRezgi, s. f. p. 1. A scrap, 

bit, piece. 2. Small coin (as four- 
anna pieces, &c.) 

Xjij Reza, s. m. v. 1. and 2. v. s. 
3. A kind of cock. 4. Children era- 
ployed in mason work who receive 
one third, half, &c., of a man's pay. 
R.-khatt, Fine-striped, thin-lined. 
R.-reza, s. m. Scraps a. In pieces. 

u»Vj Ra'is, s. m. a. See i^^'j. 

oU-«jj Resmiin, s. f. p. String, 
cord, thread, rope. 

(j^j Resh, s. m. p. A wonnd, sore, 
pus, matter, a. (In comp.) Wounded ; 
as, Jigar-resh or Dil-resh, Wounded 
in the heart. 

o^j Rish, s. f. p. Beard. R.-ba- 
ndmt. To shave. R.-hhand, a. Laugh- 
ing, risible, ridiculous. R.-khandi, 
s.f. Risibility; a laughing-stock, a 
proverbial saying when a man does 
any thing unworthy of his beard. 

0^^^.j) Rishail, a. v. Having a 

long beard. 
^.j Resham, s. m. p. Silk. 
j_j*^j Resh mi, "^ 
*H^ij Reshmina,/"-^-^^"^^"- 
*^J; Resha, s, m. p. Fibre, stringi- 

ness of a mango. R.-ddr, Fibrous. 
JiJj Righal, a. v. Dry, thin, lean. 
k-^4) Reg, s.f. V. Sand. R.-i-ra- 

wdn, Sand agitated by the wind like 

waves, quicksand. R.-mdhi, s. f. A 

skink (Lacerta scincus). 

Jy^.j Reg-zar, s. m. p. A sandy 
region or place. 

cjUL-Xjj Registan, s. m, p. A san- 
dy place, a strand. 

isj^ij Reghari, s. f. s. A furrow. 
(*J) Rim, s.f. p. Pus, matter, hu- 
mours, dregs, drop, lees, rheum. 


ij Rent/ 

( 299 



jiitjl s. m. H. 

^Hj Renta, J snot. 

iS'^j Rencli, s. f. s. Palma Chris- 
ti (Ricinus vulgaris). R. kd tel, s. m. 

«^j Renk, s. f. u. Brayingj as 
of an ass. 

USIjj Renkna, v. n. h. To bray. 

iJAlj Ringna, v. n. s. To creep, 
to plod. 

iSJ^j Rewri, s. f. II. A kind of 

oJjJj Rewand, or R.-i-chini, s.f. p. 

<xj; Riya,* s. m. a. The lungs. 

«^j Reh, s. f. II. Fossil alkali 
used for washing and making soap. 

Ah-; R^'hfUj s. in. H. A sled, a 

^xij Rehla, s. m. ii. A vetch. 

j^^ *t-J Reh-mitti, s.f. ii. Fossil 
alkali used for washing and for mak- 
ing soap. 

t/H^j Rais, s. m. n. 1. A prince, 
chief, head, principal, president, com- 
mander, captain, pilot. 2. Citizen. 

3 Ze, is the eleventh letter of the 
Arabic and the thirteenth of the 
Persian alphabet. It has no corre- 
sponding letter in Sanskrit, and j is 
therefore substituted. Its sound is 
that of the English z. In Abjad it 
stands for seven, and in Almanacks 
represents Saturday and the sign 
Scorpio. In poetry it is used by way 
of contraction for Az. It is chang- 
ed intojiw, se, and ghainj it is sub- 
stituted for che, le, and Ifhe. 

Ij Za, (In conip.) p. for Zdda, 

2 Q 2 

^'j Zaj, s. m. A. Copperas, vi- 
triol. Z-i-sufaid, s. m. Alum. 

.>ij Zad,*. m. A. Food, provisions. 
Z.-i-rdh, s. m. Way- charges. 

^13 Zad, ni. p. -^ j9. p. (Incomp.) 

8^1) Zada, m. p. L Born. *. A 

iS^^j Zadi, /. p. J son, a child ; 
as, A'dmi-zdd, A man, born of man : 
Pari-zdd, Born of an angel or fairy, 
a beautiful woman : Shdh-zdda, A. 
j)rince : Shdk-zddi, A princess. 

j[3 Zar, s. m. V. 1. Desire, wish. 
2. A groan, lamentation, a. Afflict- 
ed, groaning, lamenting. Z.-ndli, La- 
mentation. Z.-o-nizdr, Emaciated. 
(In comp.) Place, multitude, as Gul- 
zdr, s. m. A garden of roses. 

iSj^j Zdi'i, s. f. P. Crying, sigh- 
ing, groaning, lamentation, supplica- 
tion, crying for help. 

^1; Zagh, s. m. p. A crow. Z.-i~ 
dbt, A coot. 

•-^Ij Zag, s. m. p. See Zaj. 

J 13 Zal, a. p. Old, decrepid, gray- 
haired (man or woman), n. pr. Zal, 
father of Rustam and son of Sam. 

y\j Zand, s. m. p. The knee, the 

<^I3 Zani, s. m. a. An adulterer, 

^JJIj Zaniya, s. f. a. A whore, 
strumpet, adulteress. 

*Jji3 Zaviya, * s. in. a. An angle 

(in geometry), a corner, retired place, 

•>«AI3 Zahid, * ^ «. m. a. A monk/ 

hermit, recluse, zealot, a. Religious, 


«J^!3 Zaicha, s. m, a. Horoscope, 

astronomical table. 

«>i'3 Zaid, a. a. Redundant, super- 

jif) Zair, s. m. a. A visitant, pil- 


( 300 ) 


iMj Zail, a. A. Deficient, failing, 
perishing, vanishing. 

ly'j) Zaban, or Zuban, 5. /. p. 1 . 
1"he tongue. 2. Language, dialect, 
speech. 3. Flame (of a candle, &c.) 
Z. barhdnd, To chatter, prattle. Z. 
par charhnd, 1. To he publick. 2- 
To learn by heart. Z. par land, To 
speak, to say. Z. pakarnd, To pre- 
vent one from speaking, to criticise. 
Z. palatnd. To equivocate, retract, 
eat one's words. Z. chaldni, To give 
abuse. Z. ddbnd, To hold one's 
tongue. Z. dibke kahnd. To detract in 
whispers. Z. dend, To promise. Z. 
ddlnd, To ask, to put a question. Z.- 
zad hond. To be publick, to be often 
mentioned. Z. kdtnd, 1 . To grieve, 
lament. 2. To interrupt one's speech. 
Z. karni, To speak foolishly or incon- 
siderately. Z. men parnd, To be 
blamed. Z. hdrnd, To promise. Z. 
Tiildnd, To speak, 
^libj Zaban-awar, a. p. Eloquent, 

ejliXJb) Zaban-dan, s. p. Skilled in 

language ; a linguist, a poet. 
jiji>.jbj Zaban-daraz, a. p. Abusive. 

Zabdn-dardzi, s. f. Abuse. Z> harnd, 

To give abuse. 
&>^j Zubana, s. m. p. Flame (of a 

candle, &c.) 

fj>kj Zabani, s. f. p. Language, 

words of the mouth. 0. Traditional, 

verbal, by word, by the tongue. 

*V3 Zubd, ~)s.m. A. 1. The best 

JS<i^j Zubda, J of any thing. 2. 


j)) Zabar, a. a. Above, superior. 
s. TO. The vowel-point pronounced a 
short. Z. karnd, To oppress. Z. hond, 
To have the upper hand. 

^jfj Zabar- j ad, s. m. p. a. A 

kind of emerald, a chrysolite, a topaz, 
beryl, jasper. 

*-i*-»j>^3 Zabar-dast, a. a. p. Vigor- 
ous, violent, oppressive. 

j_ji*«^^j3 Zabar-dasti, s.f. a. p. Vio- 
lence, oppression, adv. Violently, for- 
cibly. Z. karnd, To oppress, to force. 

iSj^j Zabari, s. f. p. Violence, 

0*^3 Zibas, p. In plenty, suffici- 
ently, (for Az-bas.) 

jyj Zabur, s.f. a. The psalms of 

Oj>) Zabiin, a. p. Bad, ill, un- 
lucky, wicked. 

(^yj Zabuni, s. f. p. Vileness, 
badness, &c. 

d^j Zatal, s. f. h. Chattering, 
prating, tattle. 

^La.j Zujaj, s. m. a. A glass. 

j^j Zijr,* s. m. a. Threatening ; 
an impediment. 

O^^j Zuhal, s. in. a. The planet 

vi*4.a.j Zahmat, s. f. a. Disquie- 
tude, pain, trouble. 

j(-=3 Zakhkhar, a. A. Overflowing, 
raging (the sea). 

oxIa.j Zakhamat, s. f. A. See 

f^j Zakhm, s. m. f. p. A vround, 

sore, scar, cut. Z.-rasd, A deep 
wound. Z. khdnd, To be wounded. 
Z.-i-kdri, A mortal wound. 

^^j Zakhml, a. p. Wounded, 

j_gtiijj,^i.j Zi-khud-raftagi, s. f. p. 
See Az-khud raftagl under Az. 

&sijiijs>.j Zi-khud-rafta, a. p. See 
Az-khud rafta under Az. 

^j.ij Zadani, a. p. Fit or deserv- 
ing to be stricken, killed, &c. 

^i>j Zada, p. p. p. Stricken, affec- 

VjO'^j Zad-o-kob, s, m. p. Beat- 


( 301 ) 



)j Zar, s, m. p. Gold, riches, 
wealth, money. 

o^^^l^l) Zaradusht, n. pr, p. Zo- 

j^ji-i^ti) Zaradushtij 5. m. v. A fol- 
lower of Zoroaster, a Magian. 

^^^^^jj Ziraat, s. f. a. Agriculture, 
husbandry, sown field, sown land. 

i>jt>jl;j Zar-andud,or -anduda, a. p. 
Gilt ; plated with gold. 

o^jj Zar-baf, s. p. Brocade, gold 

i^^jj Zar-bafi, a. v. Woven in 
gold, embroidered. 

•^*j;j Zar-baft, s. m. p. Brocade, 
cloth of gold. 

c**«;j^j Zar-parast, a. p. Venal, 

•^J^ji) Zar-kharid, or -kharida, a. 
p. Purchased (as a slave). 

>Ji^j3 Zar-khez, a. p. Rich (a coun- 
try), producing gold and silver. 

ii^j Zard, a. p. Yellow, pale, livid. 
Z.-pilak, s. m. The name of a bird. 
Z.-rang, a. 1. Yellow. 2. (met.) Bash- 
ful. Z.-ru, a. Bashful. Z.-rui, s. f. 
Bashfulness. Z.-gosli, a. Hypocritical, 

vtiJjj Zard-ab, s. m, p. Pus, mat- 

)\i>)j Zar-dar, a. v. Wealthy. 

yT>>;j Zard-alu, s. m. v. An apricot 

'^j^i>jj Zard-chob, s. f. v. Yel- 
low wood; turmeric. 

•-i'^jij Zardak, s. /. p. A carrot. 

j^ijj Zar-doz, a. p. Embroidered,' 
Zar-dozi, s. f. Embroidery. 

tc^Mjijj Zar-dost, a. p. Fond of 
money, covetpus. 

Xijj Zarda, s. m. p. A kind of 
pulao dressed with saffron. 

Lff^jj Zardi, s. f. p. 1. Yellow- 
ness, 2. The yolk of an egg. 

tj*VJ Zar-i-surkh^ s* m, p, 1. 

Gold ; pure gold of a red colour ; gold 
coin. 2. Name of a suit in cards. 

i^^j) Zar-i-sufaid, s. m. p. Sil- 
ver, a suit in cards. 

^jj Zur-ghibban, a. Visit rarely. 

{3jj Zmq, s. m. a. 1. Turning of 
the eyes. 2. Hypocrisy, fraud. 3. De- 
traction. Z.-barq, s. m. Glare, glit- 
ter, show, splendid cloths, splendour. 
j^jj Zar-gar, s. m. p. A goldsmith. 

^sj)j Zar-gari, s. /.p. 1. The 
business of a goldsmith. 2. A kind 
of dialect. 

Jt) Zar-i-gul, s. p. The yellow 

stamina of a rose. 
>iUjjj Zurumbad, s. a. A plant, 

^Vjj Zarnikh, s. m. v. Arsenic, 

ii^jij Zar-i-naqd, s, p. a. Ready 

money, cash. 

J^jj Zar-nigar, a. p. Gilt. ZaV' 
nigiri, s.f. Gilding. 

i)j Zirah, s. f, p. Iron armour 
made with rings ; chain-mail. Z.- 
posh. An armed man. 

(Sjj ZiXvi, s. f. P. Any thing wov- 
en with gold thread. 

'^^. LSJJ Zari-baf, s. m. p. 1. A 
gold lace weaver, or manufacturer in 
gold threads. 2. Gold tissue, cloth 
interwoven with gold, 

^jj3 Zarih, s. f. a. A railing or 
lattice work surrounding a temple or 

ii^jj Zarrin, a. p. Golden. Z.- 
murgh, s. m. 1. The name of a bird. 
2. (met). The sun. 

4%; Zarina, a. p. Golden. 

o^ Zisht, a. p. Deformed, ugly, 
inhuman, hideous. Z.-rii, a. Ugly. 

4/43 Zishti, 5. /. P. Ugliness, de- 


( 302 ") 


oU; Ziu4f, s. m. A. Sudden death 
(by poison). 

o[^j Zafaran, s.f. a. Saffron. 

^1^3 Zafanini, a. a. Of saffron^ 
saffron-coloured, yellow, s. f. A yel- 
low colour. 

^j Zam, s. m. a. 1. Thinking, 
opinion, presuming, presumption, 
speaking from belief. 2. Vanity, ar- 

Jl*3 Zughal, s. P. Charcoal. 

er*j Zaghan, 5./. p. A kite. 

<^) Zaghand, s. f. p. Leaping or 
springing up ; sally, flight, levity. 

o'j) Zifaf, s. m. a. Leading the 
bride home to her husband's house. 

(*y3 Zaqum, s. a. A thorny tree 
so called. 

sJ) Zik, or Zali, s. f. a. Injuring, 
deceiving, disappointing. Z. vthdnd, 
To be ashamed. Z. dend, To put to 

i^j Zakat, * s. f. a. Alms ; a por- 
tion of a Musalraan's property given 
in charity according to the rules 
prescribed by the Quran. 

^Kj Zukam, s. m. a. Rheum, de- 
fluxion, a cold, 

c»jl(; Zakawat, s. f. a. Probity, 
purity, ingenuity. 

ij^j Zakiit, s. /. a. See Zakat. 

^(3 Zaki, a. A. Pure, pious ; con- 
tinent, s. m. One who regularly pays 
the Zakat, or who spends a fixed part 
of his income in charity. 

J)ij Zulal, *. m. A. Pure, limpid, 
wholesome water. [quake. 

*^J Zalzala, s. m. a. An earth- 

^j Zulf, *. /. p. A curling lock, 
ringlet, whisker. Z.-i-pareshdn, Dis- 
hevelled locks. Z.-i-tdbdar, Curling 
locks. Z.-i-dardz, Long locks. Z.- 
i-ambarin, Locks perfumed with am- 

4^a^ Zulfi, s. m. p. L A sword- 
knot. 2. The chain by which a door 
is fastened. 

cUj Zalal, s. m. A. 1. Erring, 
blundering. 2. Stumbling, falling. 3. 
Deficiency, loss. 

jJj Zalii, s.f. P. A leech. 

A^J Zalla, s. m. p. a. Victuals car- 
ried home by the guests from an en- 

^si'j Zalikha, or Zulaikha, n. p*', 
p. The name of Potiphar's wife. 

(»^<«^ Zamani, s. m. /. a. A rein, a 

iD^^j Zaman, *"! «. m. a. LTime, 

*Jl^ Zamana,*J an age. 2. 
The world. 3. Fortune. 4. The hea- 
vens. 5. Tense. Z.-sdz, Turn coat. 
Z.-sdzi, Turning with the tide, yield- 
ing to fortune. Z.-sdzi karnd, To 
turn with the tide. Z.-muwdfiq, For- 

-l>^3 Zambiir, 5. w. h. A vice, 
nippers, forceps. 

i>j«>j Zumurrud, s. m. p. An eme- 

{:jii>j^j Zumurrudin, a, p. Of the 
colour of an emerald. 

^j-oj Zumra, s. m. a. A troop, a 
group, crowd, multitude. 

(^3 Zamzam, s. m. a. A well at 
Mecca, called also Hagar's well. 

^y<j Zamzama, s. m. a. Sing- 
ing, modulation, a concert. Z.-par- 
ddz, Singer, songster. 

ti)Uwo3 Zamistan, s. m. p. L Win- 
ter. 2. Wisdom. 
ji^c^j Zamharir, s. m. A. Cold, 
intense cold. 

isA^^J Zamhariri, a. a. Intense- 
ly cold. 

i^x^j Zamin, s. f. p. The earth, 
ground, soil, a region, country, the 
ground of a pictiu"e. Z.-bos hond. 


( 303 ) 


To make a profound bow. Z. par se 
kuchh pard pdnd, To be overjoyed at 
finding unexpectedly the object of 
one's wishes. Z. pakarni. To per- 
severe obstinately in any design, to 
insist. Z. men gar jdni. To be great- 
ly ashamed. 

jitjJa/oj Zamindar, *. m. p. A land- 
lord, land-holder. 

jj-jiiXxjj/oj Zamiadaii, s. f. p. A 

landed state, 
^ri^^j Zamin-gir, a. p. Unable 
to walk, paralytick. 

tj>^j Zamini, a. v. Earthly, ter- 

lii) Zan, s. f. p. a woman, a 
wife. Z. karnd, or Z. lend, To marry. 
Z.-murid, a. Henpecked, p. a. (In 

Pcomp.) Beating, striking, as Rah-zan, 
A highway-man. 

lij Zina, 8. f. A. Adultery, forni- 
cation. Z.'kdr, s. m. An adulterer, 
fornicator. Z.-kdri, s. /• Fornication' 

jli) Zunndr, s. f. G. A belt, the 
brahmanical thread, a Hindu rosary. 
U^j; Zanan, p. p. p. Strikinjj, 
beating, striking up. s. pi. of Zan. 

*j^j Zanana, a. p. Female, femi- 
nine, effeminate, womanly, s. m. Fe- 
male apartments, seraglio. 

^^^) Zanani, a. p. Of the women, 
of the seraglio. 

<5>J3 Zambaq, s. p. Name of a 
flower, the white jasmine, a lily, or 
an iris. 

jyj^j Zambur,* 5. m. a. A hornet, 
a bee. 

LS^A^■^i3 Zambiir-chi, s. m. p. A 

i-(;j*J3 Zamburalv, s. f. v. A small 

*J^•^1> Zambura, s.m.v. 1. A hor- 
net, large bee, 2, The point of a 

musical stringed instrument called in 
Hindi Kinyri. 3. A small gun. 

Jj^j Zambil,* s. f. p. A basket, 
wallet, purse. 

Jjjis:'^ Zanjabil, s.f. a. Dry gin- 

«-ft^3 Zinjif, or Zinjaf, s. f, p. 
Fringe, border, edging. 

V^j Zan-jalab, s. m. p. A cuck- 

(^xlsr^j Zan-jalabi, s. f. p. Cuck- 

j^'^ Zanjir, s.f. p. A chain. 

(Sj^j Zanjiri, a. p. Chained, in 
chains; a prisoner. 

^3 Zanakh, n 5. m. p. The 

e^l'^j ZanakhdaUjJ chin, the 
pit in the chin. 

ii)'«>Jj Zindan, s. m. p. A prison. 

ij\<^j Zindani, a. p. Imprisoned, 

^^<^ij Zinda-gani, s. /. p. Life, 

living, existence. 
^J<^j Zindagi, s. f. p. Life. 
t^j Zinda, a. v. Alive, living. 
(^«>J3 Zindiq, or Zandiq, s. a. A 

follower of Zoroaster ; one of a bad 

religion, an atheist. 

*^j Zanka, s.f. p. A little woman. 

•-^j Zang, s. m. v. I. Name of a 
people in Africa. 2. Rust. 3. A small 
bell. Z. lagnd. To become rusty. Z.- 
dlud, a. Rusty, covered with rust. 

J^j Zangar, *. m. p. Verdigris, 

(S)^j Zangari, a. p. Rusty, of the 

colour of rust. 

^p^j Zangula, *. m. p. A little 

bell, the small bells on a tambourin, 
a cymbal. 

^jj Zangi, s. m. p. An Ethiop, 

a negro. 
^^Jj Zinhar, p. See j^-^). 


( 304 ) 


(^'3 Zani, p. a. p. (In comp.) 

Striking; the act of striking. 

y^^j) Zawajir, 5. pi. ofj^j a. Pro- 
hibition, forbidden things. Z.-i-sJiari, 
Prohibited by law. 

j'jj Zauwar, s. m. a. A visitor, 

J'j; Zawal, s. m. a. Decline, ces- 
sation ; misery, wretchedness ; set- 
ting of the sun, Z.-pazir, a. Transito- 
ry, fading. 

^)) Zauj, * s. m. A. A coujile, 
pair ; alike ; a spouse, husband. 

*^)j Zauja, s.f. a. A wife. 

c>jj Ziid, adv. v. Quick, swift, 
soon, suddenly. Z.-ranj, a. Irasci- 
ble, soon irritated. 

jjj Zor, s. m. P. Force, strength, 
power, virtue, vigour, violence; ef- 
fort ; weight, adv. Forcibly, violently. 
Z.-dzmdi, s. f. Trial of strength. Z.- 
iiwar, a. Powerful, strong. Z.-dwari, 
s. f. Power, force. Z. dend, To aid, 
support, assist. Z. karnd, To com- 
pel ; to exercise. Z. mdrnd, To en- 

jp) Zur, s. m. A. I. A lie, false- 
hood, adulteration. 2. A false deity, 
an idol. Zaur, s. m. Going on a pil- 

«3 Zih, s.f.v.\. A bowstring. 2. 
The border or edge of anything, the 
collar or facing of a garment, interj. 
Excellent, bravo ! 

^Uj Zuhhad, s. jjl- o/Zahid, a. 

jIaj Zihar, s. m. v. 1. A bladder. 
2. The lower part of the belly. 3. 
Mons Veneris, Mu-e-zihdr, Hair of 
the Pubes. 

•^Aj Zuhd, *. m. A. Continence, 
devotion, abstinence. Z,-kesh, a. De- 
vout, continent. 

e;t«iAj Zih-dan, s. m. p. The 

_jAj Zahi*, *, m. p. Poison. Z.-a/wc?, 

«. Poisoned. Z,-ddr, a. Poisonous. Z.- 
i-qdtil, Deadly poison. Z -i-haldhal, 
s. m. Deadly poison. Z. khdnd ki^ 
par, To imitate an act unsuitable to 
one's estate or condition, to ape. Z. 
i-mdr karnd. To do a thing by force 
or unwillingly. Z.-muhra, s. m. The 
bezoar, an antidote to poison. 

Xj^j Zahra, s. m. v. Bile, gall- 
bladder. Z. db hond, To be much 
distressed or terrified. 

HjAj Zuhra, s. f. p. The planet ii 
Venus. I 

f^j Zihi, or Zahi, interj. p. Excel- 
lent! bravo ! 

^i^j Zahir, a. a. 1. Reduced by 
sickness, thin. 2. Sad, melancholy, I 
^^3 Ziyad, m. s. p. Augmen- 

o^ljj Ziyadat, /. tation, in- 

<y^'j;Ziyadati,/. r crease, ad- 
ia^ij Ziyada, m. J dition, sur- 
plus, excess, a. More, too much. Z.- 
talabi, s. f. Extortion, imposition. 
Z. karnd, 1. To augment, increase. 
2. Cmet). To take away the dinner 
and table-cloth. 

^jk) Ziyarat, s. f. a. Pilgrimage, 

c^^j Ziyan, s. m. v. Loss, damage, 

Vii Zeb, s. f. p. Ornament, ele- 
gance, beauty. Z. dend, To suit, to 

^ij Zeba, a. p. Adorned, beauti- 

^^kij Zehai, s.f. p. Beauty, grace- 

{J*i^j Zebaish, s. f. p. Ornament, 
adorning, elegance. 

(3■^J) Zibaq, s. m. a. Quicksilver. 

StjJaj) Zebinda, p. a. p. Adorning, 
ornamenting, adorned. 

cjy^j Zaitun, 5, m. A. An olive. 


( 305 ) 


Miij Zij, 8. m. A. Astronomical 

tables, a mason's rule. 
«^j Zaid, s. m. A. 1. Increasing) 
adding, augmentation. 2. n. prop. 
A fictitious name (as John Doe and 
Richard Roe in English). 

jj) Zev, adv. p. Under, below. «• 
Inferior, lower, s. The vowel point 
called by the Arabs kusra, and repre- 
sented by an oblique stroke under 
the letter; its sound is represented 
by i or i. Z.-bdr hand, To be in- 
debted, to undergo a great expense. 
Z. liarnd, To overpower, subdue. 

_j^j Ziv, s. f, V. A fine soft sound, 
the smallest string of a lute, &c., the 
treble (in musick). 

]jij Ziv'd, or Zira, s. m. v. s. Cum- 
in-seed (Cuminum cyrainum). 

y<ii\jjj Zer-andaz, s. m. p. The 
cloth or carpet which is spread under 
a Huqqa. 

nj'j/J/ij Zer-biryan, s. m. p. Name 

of a kind of dish. 
'^hf^j Zer-band, s. m. p. A mar- 


c-*»^j3 Zer-dast, s. m. v. A sub- 
ject, a vassal, a. Powerless, under 

iDbjij Zer-i-ran, a. p. Subject, 
under control, (any animal) ridden 

^_jij Zirak, a. v. Ingenious, in- 
telligent, sagacious, penetrating, acute. 

ijy-j Ziraki, s. f. p. Ingenuity, 


V-Lrii Zer-i-lab, s. in, p. Inarticu- 
lateness, mumbling. 

ijh^jij Zer-i-labi, a. p. Inarticu- 
late, slightly uttered. 

c'-i^j Zer-i-nagin, a. p. Sub- 
missive, abject. 

y.jjjij Zer-0-Zabar, a. p. Topsy- 
turvy, overturned, ruined. 

2 R 

ijij Zira, *. m. p. See Zira. 

ti*^^ Zist, s. f. p. Life, living. 

OO Zil, i?. /. p. SeeZir. 

{:)^j Zin, s. m. p. A saddle. Z. 
bdndhnd, To saddle. Z.-posh, s. m. 
A cloth fastened over the saddle, 
housing. Z.-ffar, A saddler. 

cr^jZain, s. A. Ornament, adorn- 

*^i) Zinat, s. f. a. Ornament, 
beauty, elegance, dress, decoration. 

^ij Zina, *. m. p. A ladder, stairs, 

jhHj Zinhar, s. in. p. Care, cau- 
tion, protection, defence, |>atronage. 
interj. Take care, beware, adv. By 
no means. 

j^ij Zewar, s. m. p. Jewels, or- 
naments (of gold, silver, &c.) 


|j Zhe, the fourteenth letter of 
the Persian alphabet, has no corre- 
sponding character in the Arabic or 
Sanskrit. Its sound is that of*, in 
the English word j)leasure : or of 
the French g, or j, in gens, jour, and 
that souud is here denoted by sh. 
This letter is sometimes changed to 
j, as Pajmurda for Pazhmurda. 

j\j Zhazh, s. m. p. 1. Idle, tri- 
fling, or indecent talk. 2. A kind of 
thistle. Zh.-khde, A trifler, one who 
speaks obscenely. 

•s^'LJ Zhala, s. m. p. Dew, hoar- 
frost, hail. 

«^j Zhinda, s. m. p. A patched 

^'^Jj Zholida, a. p. Intricate, 

entangled. Zh.-tnu, Entangled hair. 
okj Zhiyan, a. p. Formidable, 

rapacious, raging. Sher-i-zhiydn, A 

fierce or raging iiuu. 

( 306 ) 


cr Sin, is the twelfth letter in 
the Arabic and fifteenth in the Persian 
Alphabet. Its sound is that of the 
EngHsh s, in sun, sin. In Abjad it 
stands for CO and in Almanacks re- 
presents the sun, and a sextile aspect 
of the planets. It is also used as an 
abbreviation for the salutation Salam. 
It is changed in Arabic — 1. Into ye. 
2. Into te. 3. Into swdd. 4. Into 
alif. 5. In Arabic and Persian into 
ze. In Persian it is changed. 1. In- 
to phe. 2. Into shin. 3. Into he. 
4. Into nun. 5. Into ye, and 6. Into 

U Sa, particle, p. s. 1. Like, re- 
sembling, as, so, whoso. 2. An adjec- 
tive adjunct as Kdld-sd, Blackish. 3. 
Sometimes its meaning is hardly per- 
ceptible, although more frequently it 
seems to give intensity to the adjec- 
tive, as Bahut-sd, Very much, very 
^U Sabar, s. m. s. A leather of 
elk's or deer's hide ; an elk. 

^jU» Sabiq, a. a. Former, pre- 
ceding, anterior, s. Past time, for- 
mer times, adv. Formerly, of yore. 

aSjLm. Sabiqa, a. a. Preceding, 
past, ancient, s. m. Friendship. 

ejJ^ Sabun, 1 

I o'u' YS. m. A.. Soap, 
iij^u»babun,j ^ 

ojjL. Sabiit, a. A. Whole, entire. 

*5»!-«» Sap, s. m. s. Curse. 

<irJt« Sapin, s. f. s. A female 

lijU Sapna, v. a. s. To curse. 
e>U« Sat, a. s. Seven. S. pdnch 

karnd. To be in doubt, to be unable 

to decide what to do. S. samundar. 

Name of a game. 
*^U» Sath, adv. s. With, together, 

along with, s, m. Society. S.- wdld, 

A comrade, companion. Sdthon 
sdth, Together with, along with. 

i^L-» Sathin, s. f. s. A female 

(_y^Lw Sathi, s. m. s. A compa- 
nion, comrade, ally. Sdthi sdth, To- 
gether, in one company. 

*«Ju« Sath, a. s. Sixty. 

^L«. Saj, s. m. s. Preparation, 
harness, accoutrements. 

^U Saj, s. m. p. The teak tree 
(Tectona grandis). 

«^'-« Sajid, a. a. Prostrate in 
adoration, s. m. An adorer. 

LJ^Uu Sajna, v. a. s. To prepare, 
dress, decorate, become, regulate. 

(3.4i.l-« Sachaq, s. m. p. Hinna pre- 
sented to the bride on the wedding 

cua.t*» Sahat, s. f. A. A court (of 

a house) ; a plain, a field. 
jokL, Sahir, s. m. a. An enchant- 
er, magician, necromancer. 

i^ffjsJ^ Sahiri, s. f. a. Enchant- 
ment, magic, necromancy. 

Ja.L. Sahil, s. m. a. The sea- 

o^U Sakht, s. f. p. Make, fash- 
ion, construction, pretence. 

iiJ^L, Sdkhta.,p.p. p. Made, form- 

oi^Lw Sadat, s. pi. of i^-^. 

cT'i'** Sadis, a. a. The sixth. 

j^jl*. Sadagi, s. /.p. 1. Plain- 
ness, want of ornament. 2. Artless- 
ness, simplicity, openness, sincerity.«» Sada, a. p. 1. Plain, white, 
unadorned, simple, beardless. 2. Art- 
less, open, sincere. S.-dil, Artless, 
simple, stupid. S.-dili, s.f. Simpli- 
city, sincerity, artlessness. S.-rukh, 
or S.-ru, a. Beardless. S.-rukhi, or 
S.-rui, s. f. Beardlessness. S.-tauri, 
s.f. 1. Gentleness, affability. 2. Sim- 
plicity, stupidity. S.-kdr, s. m. A 


( 307 ) 

kind of goldsmith. S.-lauh, Same as 
S.-dil. S.-wazi, s. f. Artlessness, 
simplicity, stupidity. 
Ua^L. Sadhna, v. a. s. To famili- 
arize to anything, to teach ; to learn, 
to rectify ; to use ; to practise ; to 
regulate ; to pacify. 

jU Sar, s. f. s. 1. Manure. 2. 
Pith, essence. 

jU Sar, particle, p. 1. Denotes 
plenty, magnitude, or similitude, as 
Koh'Sdr, A mountainous country. 
Ambar-sir, Full of ambergris. Shdh- 
sdr, Like a king. 2. Head, as Jsigun- 
sdr. Inverted, with the head under- 
most. 3. A camel. 4. A black bird 
of a musical voice. 

!;'*• Sara, a. s. 1. All, the whole. 
2. s. m. Wife's brother, brother-in- 

tjl-» Sara, a. p. Pure, excellent, 
sweet smelling, undefiled ; as Ambar-i- 
sard, The most odoriferous Amber- 

(^hjLt Sarban, s. m. p. A camel- 

u"jU Saras, s. m. s. A kind of 
heron (Ardea antigoue). 

IsTjU Sarika, s. f. s. Name of a 
bird (Turdus salica) ; also a maina 
(Gracula religiosa). 

4;t*» Sarna, v. a. s. To make, 
complete, perform ; to mend ; to ma- 

^&^>l*» Sarangi, s. f. s. A musical 
instrument like a fiddle. 

Ijj^jU Sarangiya, s. m. a, A fid- 
dler, [ling. 

jjU Saru, *. /. H. A bird, a star- 

t5jU Sari, 5. /. s. 1. Cream. 2. 
The cloth which forms the dress of 
Hindu women. 

isj^ Sdri, a. A. 1. Passing, pene- 
trating, pervading, flowing. 2. Infect, 
ing, contagious. 

2 R 2 

^kjU* Sarhii, s. m, s. A wife's 
sister's husband. 

^j^ Sarhe, a, s. With a half 
additional, as Sdrhe-tin, Three and a 

jL«» Saz, p. a. p. Making, prepar- 
ing, maker, s. m. 1. Arms, appara- 
tus, accoutrements, harness, furni- 
ture. 2. A musical instrument. 3. 
Concord. S.- bdz, a. Trim, dressy. 
s. m. Ornament, api>aratu8, &c. S,~ 
kdr, a. Proper, consonant, concord- 
ant. S.-yaraq, s. m. Warlike instru- 
ments, furniture, baggage. 

c^U Sazish, s. f. p. Combina- 
tion, collusion, confederacy. 

i^jLa Sazinda, *. m. p. 1. A 
maker. 2. A musical performer. 

crU Sas, s. f. s. A mother-in-law. 

u^^ Sas, 5. m. p. A bug. 

*i^t'-« Saat, s. f. A. A moment, 
minute, hour. 

«^U Said, s. f. A. The arm from 
the wrist to the elbow, fore-arm. 

<«*L«, Sai, s. m. X. 1. Anattempt- 
er, endeavourer. 2. A recommender. 
a. Earnest, eager. 

^U Saghar, s. m. p. A bowl, cup, 
goblet, &c. S.-hash, Exhauster of 
the cup, &c. 

L5>*U Saghari, *. /. p. The space 
between the tail and anus of a horse. 

O^ Saq, *. /. A. 1. The leg. 2. 
The trunk of a tree, the stalk of an 
herb. S.'i-arus, s. A kind of sweet- 

^^ Saqit,/). a. a. Falling, fallen, 
vile. S. hond, To be fallen, to be 

i^^ Saqi, ^ s. m. a. A cup-bear- 
er, page. Sdqiyd, O cup-bearer ! 
^^ Saka, 5. m. s. An era. 
*i-^U Sakit, a. a. Silent, quiet. 
u^'U. Sakin, * 1[ *. m, a. An in- 


( 308 ) 

habitant, a. Quiet, peaceable; quies- 
cent (letter). 

ejj.S'L. Sakut, a. a. Silent. 

iJLo Sag, *. m. s. Greens, edi- 
l)le vegetables, culinary herbs. S.- 
pdt, s. m. Greens. S.-jxit hond. To 
become soft. 
j-^Ls Sugar, s. m. s. Sea, ocean. 

(j^j^L. Sagun, s. f. s. Teak wood 
or tree (Tectona grandis). 

JLw Sal, s. m. s. Name of a wood 
(Shorea robusta). 

JUSal, s. m. p. A year. S.-Jidsil, 
Yearly produce. S.-khurda, a. Old. 
S.-girih, s.f. Birth-day; on the anni- 
versary of which a knot is annually 
added on a string kept for this pur- 
pose. S,-gasht, a. Old (in years). 
Sdl-hd-sdl, adv. Annually, for many 

5IL. Sala, s. m. s. 1. A wife's bro- 
ther, brother-in-law. 2. (In comp.) 
House, place. 
j^U» Salar, s. m. p. A chief, head, 
leader, prince, captain. S.-i-qdfila, The 
chief of a caravan, leader of a troop. 

*>J'** Saliba, s. a. A negative sen- 
tence in logick. 

UJU Salsa, s. m. h. Sarsaparilla. 

fSiL> Salik, p. a. a. Going, s. m. 
A traveller ; a devotee. 

l>\jtiU» Salagram, s. m. s. A flinty 
stone containing the impression of 
one or two ammonita?, conceived by 
the Hindus to represent Vishnu. 

j^U Salira, a. a. Safe, free, per- 

WU. Salna, v. a. s. To perforate, 
bore, prick, pierce. 

yi-. Salu, s. m. s. A kind of red 
cloth (dyed with Morinda). 

isyj^^ Salotari, 5. m. s. A horse- 

(_,-yL«. Salus, *. m.l p. Hypocri- 
j^yUi Salusi, s. /._J sy, trick, 

*^L«. Sala, P. (In comp.) A ter- 
mination affixed to numbers to de- 
note so many j'ears old, as Do-sala, 
Two years old, &c. 

l^n- Salhd, j9Z. of Sal, p. Years; 
for years. 

^J^ Sail, s. f. s. Sister-in-law, 

wife's sister, especially younger sis- 

4j(JLw Saliyana, s. m. v. An an- 
nual stipend, an annuity, a. Annual. 

(♦I^ Samm, a. a. Venomous. S,~ 
abras, A sort of large lizard whose 
poison is said to produce leprosy. 

(j'>^l<- Saman, s. m. p. 1. Furni- 
ture, apparatus, instruments, tools. 
2. Measure, quantity. 3. Understand- 
ing, reason, intellect. 4. Custom, ha- 
bit, mode, order, proportion. 5. Opu- 
lence, power. 6. Probity. 7. A land- 
mark. S.-i-jangi, s. m. Warlike ap- 
paratus. Be-sar-o-sdmdn, 1. Desti- 
tute, indigent, helpless. 2. Stupe- 
fied, brainless. 3. Immense, bound- 
less, endless, (applied to affairs.) 

J.4JX1U Sambhar, s. m. s. A town 
near A'jmir near which is a lake 
from which salt is extracted ; the salt 

i^y^ Samiri, n. pr. a. An Is- 
raelite famous for magic, who, in 
Moses' absence induced the people 
to worship the golden calf. 

5^1-. Sami, * s. m. a. A hearer. 

***L«. Samia, s. a. The sense of 

^1^ Samna, or Samhna, s. m. s. 
Front, confronting, facing. 

t£^ Samne, ~\postpos. or adv, 

i^^ Samhne? J s. In fi-ont, be- 
fore, confronting, opposite. 


( 309 ) 

,^«L. Sanii, a. a. Sublime, ex- 

cjl^ San, a. v. Like. s. 1. Like- 
ness. 2. Muster, review (of an array). 
S. karnd. To make a muster. S.- 
gnmdn, s. m. Understanding and ima- 
gination. (San put for Shan). 

c)L. San, s. f. P. s. A whetstone, 

yJU Samp, s. m. s. A snake, 

oJl-* Sant, or Santh, s. f. h. L 
Joining, sticking. 2. A flail. 

liLU Santna, or Santhna, v. a. h. 
To join thread, to join, to stick to- 
j^L» Sanjar, s. m. A. Dropsy, or 
a species of it. 

Ik^L. Sancha, s. m. n. A mould. 

&s^[^ Saniha, s. m. a. Manifesta- 
tion, occurrence, event, incident. 

SiU Sand, or Sanr, s. m. s. A bull, 
a stallion. 

^iSoL. Sandni, or Sanrni, s. f. n. 

' A female camel, a dromedary. 

<jJL. Sans, *. /. s. Breath, sigh. 
S. ulii lent. To gasp or draw in the 
breath (as a person in agony). S. 
bharnd, To sigh, regret. S. ruknd, 
To be smothered or throttled. 

li-iU Sansna, v. a. s. To snub, 
distress, threaten. 

cilJL. Sank, s. f. s. The asthma. 

fjtjtJL* Sangus, s.f. s. A scate. 

^^L. Sanghar, *. m. m. A wife's 
son by a former husband. 

liJU Sannd, v. a. h. To knead, 
to mix up (flour, dough, earth, &c.) 

IJoU Sanna, v. a. s. To wbet. 

Iyl*« Sanwd, or Sanwan, s. m, s. 
A very small grain (Panicum fru- 

Jipu Sanwla, a. s. Of a dark or 
sallow Complexion. 

Jil^ Sani, s. f. a. Chaff or straw 

mixed with grain (particularly that 
from which oil has been expressed) 
as food for cattle. 

iiyU Sawan, s. m. s. The fourth 
Hindu month (July-August). 

JaU Sahil, s. m. ii. 1. A plumb- 
line. 2. A porcupine. 

J^aL. Sahul, s.m. h. A plummet, 

jykU Sahi, s. f. s. A porcupine. 

IjU Saj'a, s. m. s. Shade. 

(j»vf-»' Sais, s. m. A. A groom. 

^-.oJU. Saisi, s. f. A. The busi- 
ness of a groom. 

vyUjLj Saya-ban, s, m. p. A cano- 

ji}^ Sair, s. m. a, 1. The whole. 

2. The remainder. 3. Tax, duty levi- 
ed on personal property, p. a. Going, 
walking, wandering. 

(Jj\.-» Sail, s. m. A. An interroga- 
tor, questioner, beggar. 

*jIao Saya, s. m. p. s. 1. Shadow, 
shade, protection. 2. An apparition. 

3. A petticoat. S. tale dnd, To take 
refuge or protection. S. kisi kdparnd. 
To imitate the manner of another. 
S. hond kisi ko^ A demon appearing 
to or possessing any one. 

j|^*jI«. Saya-dar, a. p. Shady, s, 
A protector. 

jj)jj&jL, Saya-parwar, a. p. Educa- 
ted in the shade, brought up at home, 
delicate, ignorant of the world. 

v*» Sab, a. s. All, every, the 
whole, total. S.-kuchh, Everything, 
all. S.-kui, Every one, every body 
all. S.-khauwd, Omnivorous, one who 
eats all kinds of food, 
tv** Saba, n. pr. a. A country in 
Arabia Felix where they suppose 
Bilqis, the queen who visited Solo- 
mon, to have reigned. 
*jIa*» Sabbaba, s, a. The fore- 

( 310 ) 


^'f- S\hi, pi. of ^^ Sabu, a. 

V^ Sababj* s. m. a. 1. Cause, 
reason, motive. 2. Relationship, af- 
finity. 3. Instrument. 

•AHs-^j-* Sababiyat, s. f. a. Cause, 

<!•**• Subbat, s.f. A. 1. Reproach, 
slander, disgrace, injury, villainy. 2. 
The podex. 

e)Ls^** Sub'han, s. m. a. 1. Praise, 
glorifying God. 2. A title of the 
Deity. S.-uUdh, interj. O God ! O 
holy God ! Good God ! 

etJl*^** Sub'ham, a. a. Of God, 

*^s^ Sub'ha, *. m. a. A rosary. 
S.-garddn, p. a. Turning or revolv- 
ing the rosary. S.-garddni, s.f. The 
turning or counting the rosary. 

^^ Sabud, s. m. p. A basket. 
J^** Sabz, a. p. Green, fresh, 
flourishing. S. b'igh dikhdnd, To de- 
ceive. S.-dhumd, s. m. A kind of 
pigeon. S.-rang, a. Of black com- 
plexion. S.-roshan, s. m. A kind of 
pigeon. S.-qadam, a. Unfortunate, 
unlucky, ill-omened. S. hond. To 

tJj^ Sabzak, s. m. p. The name 
of a bird (Coracias). 

»>j-i Sabza, s. m. v. 1. Verdure, 
herbage. 2. Incipient beard, bloom. 
3. A green stone worn in the ear as 
an ornament, 
j'j trt^ Sabza-zar, s. p. A place 
abounding in verdure, a meadow. 

isy^ Sabzi, s. f. p. 1. Green- 
ness, verdure. 2. Greens, culinary 
vegetables. 3. An intoxicating potion 
made of Bhang. 4. A goblet or flask 
for wine. S.-mandi, s. f. A place 
where vegetables are sold. 

■^-<• Sibt, * 5. m. A. 1. A grand- 
child. 2. Progeny, a family, a tribe 
(especially of Israel). 

fj--* Saba, a. a. Seven. Si. saiyd' 
ra, The seven planets. Suba, s. A 
seventh part. 

5^*1 Sabii, s. m. a. A lion, a beast 
of prey. 

(3f-» Sabaq, s. m. A, A lesson^ 
lecture, reading. 

vr.J4-«» Sabqat, s. f. a. Excellence, 
surpassing, preceding, aggression. 

'.Six** Subuk, a. p. Light (either 
in weight or character), debased, 
unsteady. S.-bdr, Lightly-burthen- 
ed, unencumbered. S.-pci, Swift- 
footed. S.-dosh, Lightly laden. S.- 
rau, or S.-sair, Quick, swift, light- 
paced. S. raui, s. f. Swiftness, cele- 

^^- Subka!,. _ ^_ ^_ Light- 
so.«, Subki, )- , ., 

^<i- o ui ' I ness, levity. 

t/ij>*» Subkai,J 

Jj-« Subul, s. pi. of Sabil, Ways, 

Jfw* Sabal, s. m. a. 1. A disor- 
der of the eyes, a cataract or the 
being blood-shot or blear-eyed. 2. 
An ear of corn. 3. Rain (especially 
while falling from the clouds). 

y^ Sabii, s. m. p. A jar, pitch- 
er, cup, glass, ewer. S. ba-dosh, A 
carrier or bearer of a Sabu. 

^y.*» Sabu-cha, s. m. p. A pitch- 
er, jar, ewer. 

ijoj^ Sabus, s. m. p. Bran. 

^■H*» Saber, a. s. Early in the 
morning, soon, in good time. 

li«-i-» Subhita, 1 *. m, s. Oppor- 

Uo^xm. Subhita, J tunity, conve- 
nience, time, leisure. 

[f^i^ Sabera, s, ni. s. Alorning, 

ti—ytJi^ Sabere, adv. s. In the 
morning, early, soon. 

JLi^» Sabii,* s. f. A. 1. A road, 
way, path, mode, manner. 2. Water 


( 311 ) 



distributed to thirsty travellers du- 
ring the ten first days of Muharrara. 

IjU*. Supara, s. m. h. Glans pe- 

^J,J^*» Siparish, or Suparish, s. f. 
p. A recommendation, intercession. 

Hj^ Sipara, 5. m. p. One of the 
thirty sections into which the Qu- 
ran is divided. See Sipara. 

t_5-^lA-. Supari, s. f. h. 1. Betel-nut 
(Areca catechu). 2. Glans penis. 

u*Ia*. Sipas, s.f. p. Praise, thanks- 

x^ Sipah, s. f. p. Soldiers, an 
army. S, pTiir jdni, means A revolt 
or treachery in the army. S.-gari, s.f. 
The military profession. 

^yklxwa Sipahi, s. m. p. A soldier. 

fj>^ Sipai, s. f. p. A tripod, tri- 
vet, three-legged stool or table, &c. 
j.A*» Sipar, s. f. p. A shield, tar- 
get. S.-ddri, s. f. Protecting, shield- 

i>j^ Supurd, or Sipurd, s. f. p. 
Charge, keeping, care, trust. S, karnd, 
To give in charge, recommend to one's 
care, consign. 

I^A*. Saparda, s. m. s. A musi- 
cian attending on singing women. 

^ttJ^A-w Saparddi, s. m. s. Musi- 
cians attending a dancing girl. 

j^A*.Sapurz, s, m. p. The spleen, 
the milt. 

«>iAA» Sipand, s. m. p. See Ispand. 

(jS^^i* Sipandi, s. f. p. The per- 
formance of the charm with the Is- 
pand, q. V. 

Aa*. Sipah, s. m. p. contr. of Si- 
pah, q. V. S.-sdldr, A general. 

^^ Sipahr, s. m. p. The sphere, 
celestial globe, sky, fortune, time, the 
world. Si-puhar, s. m. Afternoon. 

(Sj\^ Sipahri, «. /. p. Afternoon. 

LSj^^ Supyari, s.f, h. See isj^^*^*^ Saped, a. p. White. 

P^ijciJjXM. Supaida-dani, s. p. Day 

break, dawn. 
jli*« Sitar, *. m. p. A kind of 
guitar with three strings. S.-hdz, 
s. m. A guitar-player or performer. 
jli*» Suttar, s. m. a. One who 
covers. S.-ul-uyub, Hiding sins (with 
the veil of mercy). 

jljLo Sutar, s. m. s. A carpenter. 

j(j(iw Sitara, s. m. p. 1. A star. 
2. A kind of fire-work. 3. A musi- 
cal instrument with three strings. 
S.-peshdni, Having a star in the fore- 
head (reckoned a fault in a horse). 
S.-shinds, s.m. An astrologer. 

^jli.«. Sutari, s.f. h. An awl. 

^jjVi.^ Sitari, s. f. P. A rope twist- 
ed with three strings. 

U)li-« Sitariya, 5. m.f. p. One who 
plays on the guitar. 

j^lxw Sattasi, a. s. Eighty-seven, 

cjUua Sitan, p. a. v. (In conip.) 
Taking, seizing, captivating. 

(jl*-«» Stan, or Istan, p. (affixed to 
words) Place, land, country ; as Hin- 
du-stan, Hindu-land or India, Gul- 
istan. Rose-garden. 

Ijll*. Satana, v. a. s. To tease, vex, 
fret, trouble, afflict, interrupt. 

^^ji[l^ Sattanawe, a. s. Ninety- 

iDjti*. Sattawan, a. s. Fifty-seven. 

^J*xJ[xM, Sattais, a. s. Twenty- 

j_^jU.«, Sitdish, s. f. P. Praise, 
returning thanks. 

•^iw Sitad, s.f. p. Taking, receiv- 

j^ S attar, a. s. Seventy. 

j.i*» Satr, s. m. a. 1. Concealing, 
covering, veiling, suppressing. 2. 
Privities. Sitr, A covering, veil, cur- 
tain • 

( 312 ) 


*Jj^ Sitnrg, a. p. Big, bulky, 

iy^ Satrah, a. s. Seventeen. 

««L»o-» Sat-sath, a. s. Sixty- 

f*^ Sitam, 5. m. ?. Tyranny, op- 
pression, injury, violence, vexation. 
S.-dida, a. Oppressed. S-rasida, 
or S.-zada, a. Oppressed. S.-zarifi, 
Elegance or ingenuity in tyranny. 
S.-kash, a. Oppressed. S.-kushta, 
Killed by oppression, violently slain. 

_j^i^ Sitam-gar, or -gar, s, m. p. 
A tyrant, an oppressor. 

f^jt^vt Sitam-gari, s. f. p. Ty- 
ranny, oppression, injury, violence. 

*-sjJua Sitang, s. m. s. Palsy, 

j^Sii*. Sitangi, a. s. Palsied, numb- 

^Ju» Sattu, 1 5. m. s. Parched 

|>i*» Satud,J grain reduced to 
meal and made into a paste. 

jj^^Ju. Situda, p. p. p. Praised, 

jjxm Sutur, s. ni. p. An animal, 
quadruped, horse, camel, a beast of 
burthen, cattle. 

iijty** Sutun, Satiin, or Situn, s. 
tn. p. A pillar, column, prop. 

»>**• Sutoh, or Sitoh, s.f. p. Dis- 
tress, affliction, uneasiness, indigence. 
a. Sad, afflicted. 
ji^ Sat^hattar, a. s. Seventy- 

|/«i»» Suthra, a. h. Good, excel- 
lent, beautiful, elegant. 

^(^«« Suthrai, s. f. h. Good- 
ness, beauty, &c. v. s. 

(^^i** Sati, *. /. s. A woman who 
burns on her husband's funeral pile. 
>ii*« Sitez, s. p. Conflict, con- 
tention, battle. 

?ji**» Siteza, s. m, p. Controver- 

sy, altercation, quarrelling, conten- 
tion, battle. S.-kho, a. Quarrelsome. 

IJl^ Satana, v. a. s. To unite, 
stick, make adhere. 

isj^^ Sitkari, a. a. Fusiform, 

Ulw Satna, v. n. s. To join, ad- 
here, stick, unite. 

!ji^4X*» Sathora, s. m. ii. A sweet- 
meat consisting of meal, sugar, ginger, 
spices, &c., (particularly given to 
child-bed women). 

LiU^.«, Sathiyana, v. n. h. To be 
turned of sixty years ; to be decrepid. 

^J"^ Sitti, s. f. H. Whistling. 

^« Saj, s. f. s. Shape, appear- 
ance, ornament, preparation. S.-ddr, 
a. Well-shaped, handsome. S.-dhaj, 
s.f. Preparation and appearance. 

.J Is-* Sajjad, a. a. Adoring, bow-^ 
ing the body in adoration. 

j$ils*» Sajjada, s. m. a. A carpet 
or mat on which Muhamraadans 
kneel at prayers, an altar, a mosque. 

Gls*« Sajana, v. a. s. To cause to 
prepare. Sttjdnd, v. a. To cause to 

jls^ Sajao, s, m. Sajawat, *. /. &, 
Ornament, preparation, contrivance. 

j_^J[s« Sajai, s. f. s. 1. The price 
paid for making belts or scabbards. 
2. Preparation. 

Ijlf^-* Sajaya, a. Disposition, 
quality, nature. 

j^ii's:**' Sijda, s. m. a. Bowing in 
adoration (so as to touch the ground 
with the forehead), especially to God. 
S.-gdh, s. f. The place for perform- 
ing the Sijda. 

C^** Saja, s. in. a. Rhyme, metre, 
cadence, poesy. 

Js:** Sijill, s. ni. A. A register ; 
the decree of a judge, written attes- 
tation of a notary, seal of a jud^e 



( 313 ) 

cIsr-» Sijil, s. m. A. The record- 
ing annrel. o. Right, proper, good, 

\,Jksr-« Sajna, v. ». s. 1. To be 
prepared. 2. To fit, become, beseem. 
3. To dress, ornament, adjust, rec- 

(JUac* Sajwana, v. a. s. To cause 
to prepare. 

^^s-" Sujvid, s. m. a. See i^s^. 

IJl^s-^ Sijhana, v. a. s. To tan ; 
to boil, to melt. 

^J^ Sajji, s.f. s. A kind of min- 
eral alkuli ; natron. 

cJisr« Sijjil, s. m. A. Hard stones ; 
stones made of clay hardened in hell- 
fire, on which are inscribed the names 
of certain men with a catalogue of 
their sins. 

^h^ Sajila, a. s. Well-shaped. 

^ Such, a. s. True. s. m. Truth. 
adv. Indeed ; in earnest, actually. S.- 
mach, a. Truly. 

I**' Sachchd, a. s. True, genuine, 
real, honest, sincere, faithful, sure. 

«£*a!^ Sacha-hat,^ 

^yl^-Sachdi, ' J^'/s-Ti 

^\js^ Sahab, *. m. a. A cloud. 

4i>U«-» Sahban, n. pr. a. Name of 
a celebrated Arabian orator. 

js.-^ Sihr, s. m. a. Enchantment, 
magic. Sahar, s. f. Dawn of day. 

2(^s*» Sahar-gah, or-gah, 5. a. p. 
The dawn of day. 





iyk(f;«^ Sahar-gahi, a. A. p. 

^jjs^ Sahari, a. a. 
relating to the dawn. 

Li*- Sakha, \s.f- A. Libe- 

ojli*^ Sakh^watjJ rality, ge- 
nerosity.' Sakht, a. p. Hard, strong ; 

difficult; obdurate; stingy; wretch- 

ed ; violent, vehement ; very cruel, 

severe, rigid, austere ; troublesome, 

2 s 

painful, adv. Very, intensely, violent- 
ly, extremely. S.-anddz, An archer. 
S.-gir, Holding fast (an animal of 
chase), S.-giri, s.f. Extortion, tak- 
ing by force. 

,^==^ Sakhti, s. f. P. Hardness, 
harshness, intenseness, vehemence, 
obduracy, stinginess, indigence, dis- 

IfS^ Sukhra, s. m. a. I. Derision. 
2. One derided, a ridiculous person, 
laughing-stock. 3. One who is for- 
ced to labour without reward, pressed 
to service. 

^j^^ Sukhriya, *. a. Derision, 

(i^i** Sakhun, or Sukhan,*. m. p. 
1. Speech, language. 2. Thing, bu- 
siness, affair. S.-parddz, a. Eloquent, 
talking. S.-takiya, s. m. See Takiya- 
kaldm. S.-jdn, or S.-ddn, Intelligent, 
skilled in lauguage, eloquent; a poet. 
S.ddlnd, V. a. To ask, question, inter- 
rogate. S.-ras, a. Attending to what 
is said, eloquent. S.-zan, Speaking. 
S.-sdz, An orator, speaker. S.-sanj, 
A weigher of words ; prudent ; a 
poet, a wise man. S.'tirdzi, s.f. Elo- 
quence. S.-i-ghaibi, s. Foretelling, 
predicting, second sight. S.-fahm, a. 
Intelligent, quick of apprehension. 
S.fahmi, s. f. Intelligence, under" 
standing, apprehension. S.-i-mukh- 
tasar. In short, briefly. S -nashanau, 
a. Not attending to advice. S.-war, 
a. Eloquent. S.-toari,*./. Eloquence. 

(_,«** Sakhi, a. a. Liberal. 

«>•«• Sadd, s.f. A. A wall, barrier, 
impediment, ditch, rampart, an ob- 
struction of any kind, an obstacle. 
S.-i-ramaq, s. m. The last remains of 
life, the agonies of death ; means of 
preserving life. S.-i-Siftandar, Al- 
exander's wall. 

\<y^ Sada, adv. s. Always. S. su- 
hdgan, s. J'. 1. A bird (Trogon dilec- 


( 314 ) 

tus). 2. A flower (Hibiscus jihceni- 
ceus). 3. A kind of faqir dressed like 
a woman. 

X«i-w Sudda, s. m. X. 1. An ob- 
struction (in medicine). 2. Scybala. 
3. Stoppage of the nose, coryza. 4. 
A threshold. 

LiA'>-« Sadhna, v. n. s. To be fully 
instructed, &c. See Sadhna, of which 
it is the neuter. 

fj*i«» Sadya, s. f. h. The female 
of the little bird called Amadavat. 

^*» Sir, s. m. s. The head, the 
top. S. uthdte-hi pdmdl hojand, To 
be crushed in the commencement of 
one's undertaking. S. uthdnd, 'J'o 
rebel, to rise up against any one. S. 
papolnd bhejd khdnd. To shew kind- 
ness outwardly and harbour enmity 
in one's breast. S.par charhdnd, To 
spoil (a child) ; to raise an inferior 
above one's self; to shew respect. S. 
par khdk ddlnd, To lament. S. parasti 
karnd, To protect, to aid. S. phirdnd, 
To labour in vain. S. phernd, To re- 
volt from obedience. S. pitnd, To 
lament. S. tornd, To subdue. S. 
charhdnd. To exalt ; to assume, to be 
arrogant; to shew respect. S. charh- 
ke mdrnd, To lay the guilt of one's 
blood at the door of another. S. 
dharnu. To be obedient. S. dhunnd, 
To shake the head from affliction. 
<S.-se sirwdhf The conducting of an 
afiair depends on the leader or head. 
S.-se kafan bdndhnd, To engage in a 
desperate undertaking, giving up all 
regard to one's own safety. S. kdrhnd, 
V. n. To become conspicuous. S.-ko 
qadam karnd. To go quickly but with 
respect. S. karnd, To begin. S.-ke 
bhal. Head-foremost. S. khvjdnd, To 
court punishment. S. mdrnd, To 
take great pains, to search diligently. 
S. munddnd, To quit one's connexions 
and adopt a life of mendicity, S. 

nawdnd, To be humble, to be obedi- 

^•»» Sur, s. m. s. Tone, melody, 
accent, song, note. S. mildnd, To 
sing in tune. Sar, An arrow; a reed 
of which arrows are made (Saccha- 
rum sara). 

j'M Sar, *. m. p. I. The head, top, 
pinnacle, origin, end, point. 2. Chief. 
3. Desire, wish, love, intention, will. 
<S. karnd. To accomplish, perform, 
execute ; to obtain a victory. Bar- 
sar-i-hisdb, On right terms ; agreed. 

^«« Sirr,* s. m. a. A secret, a 

ij^ Sara, s. f. p. A caravansarj'^, 
a house, p. a. (In comp.) Singing. 

t^ Sara, or Sarah, s. m. a. A tree 
from which bows are made. 

l^-» Sara, s. m. s. An earthen co- 
ver of a pot. Sird, s. m. Extremity, 

wl^ Sarab, s. m. a. A vapour 
resembling the sea at a distance 
formed by the rays of the sun or 
moon-beams on a sandy plain, glare- 
(French, mirage), 

y'_^-«» Sarap, s. m. s. Cursing, a 
curse. S. dcnd, To curse. 

^^Lr** Sar-a-pa, adv. p. See Sar-o- 
pa, s. m. The whole, from head to 
foot. S.-tak, From head to foot. 

*'t\^L/** Sara-parda, s. m. p. 1. A 
royal tent. 2. See Sarparda. 

Uj(^m> Sarapna, v. a. s. To curse. 

^j*» Siraj, s. m. a. 1. A candle, 
a lamp. 2. The sun. 

^!^-w Sarraj, s.m. a. A saddler ; a 

Axl^w Sara-cha, s. m. p. A tent 
surrounded with an enclosure. 

i<i[^ Sraddh, s. m. s. Funeral 
obsequies consisting in oflfering rice, 
fruits, &c., to the manes of ancestors 
and feasting brahmans, &c. 

( 315 ) 

yi^j^ Sardzir, p. Sloping. 
^-•I^*. Sar-a-sar, a. p. All, the 

whole, entirely, from end to end. 
^jj^\j^ Sar-a-sari, s. f, p. 1. The 

name of an ornament worn on the 

bead, going all round the head. 2. 


^^*«i^^ Sarasimagi, s. f. p. 

Amazement, distraction or confusion 

of mind, distress. 
a^Mt\j^ Sar-asima, a. p. Amazed, 

confounded, distracted, disturbed, 


^'^•w Suragh, s. m. p. 1. Search, 
enquiry, spying. 2. Sign, mark. S. 
lend. To search, seek, inquire for, 

jyi^*« Sar-afraz, a. p. Exalted, 

promoted. See Sar-faraz. 
•i^l^ Sar-amad, a. p. Perfect, 
complete, accomplished ; master of 
any art ; chief. 
j.Is=^i^*. Sar-anjam, 5. m. P. 1. Ap- 
paratus, utensils, furniture, goods and 
chattels, materials, ingredients. 2. 
■ Conclusion, end, accomplishment. S. 
karnd, To complete, accomplish. 

ci)l^ Saravvan, s. m. h. A harrow. 
»!^*» Sarah, s.f. h. Praise. 
(iA^ Sarahna, v. a. ii.To praise, 
commend, approve, applaud. 

^}^ Sarae, *./. p. A caravansary, 
a house. 

*i'i]^-» Sirayat, s. /.a. 1. Con- 
tagion, infection. 2. Penetrating. 3. 
A night-journey. 

AaHi^*. Sarae-cha, s. m. v. See 

i,ih\j^ Sardinda,/?. a. p. Singing ; 
a singer, 

v^-» Surb, s. m. V. Lead. 

\\ij*^ Sar-bdz, a. p. Intrepid, risk- 
ing one's life or head ; (met.) a soldier. 
2 s 2 

(SJ^ir^ Sar-bazi, s. f. p. Intrepi- 
dity, risking of life. 

Xr» Sar-bar, a. h. Equal. 

^^y.j^ Sar-ba-rah, *. /. p. 1. Sup- 
ply. 2. Travelling expenses or cash 
to pay them. S.-kdr, A commissary 
of supplies. 

C5*l;tr«« Sar-ba-rahi, s. f. p. The 
act of providing supplies. 

'^j^ Sar-basta, a. p. Closed, 
shut, hidden; inextricable; wearing 
a turband. 

..r^j^ Sar-ba-sar, a. p. All, the 
whole, from one end to the other, 

ii.'il}j^ Sar-buland, a. p. Eminent, 
glorious, exalted. 

(^,ili.)j^ Sar-bulandi, s. f. p. Ex- 
altation &c. V. s. 
jt*ir^ Sar-ba-muhr, a. p. Sealed. 

^J/*- Sar-pat, or -pata, s. m. s. A 
kind of reed or reed-grass (Saccharum 

«2^^*« Sarpat, s. f. h. Galloping. 

^'ijij^ Sarparda, s. m. p. A Per- 
sian musical mode supposed to have 
been published by Amir Khusrau of 
Dihli. ' [lid. 

[J'yir* Sar-posh, s. m. p. A cover, 

g^^- Sar-pech, \s. m. p. An 

criJy* Sar-pesh,J ornament 

worn on the turband. 

^j13^ Sar-tabi, *./. p. Disobedi- 
ence, rebellion. 

^Ijj-w Sar-taj, s, p. A chief. 
>j|j/'-» Siir-tez, a. p. Sharp-point- 

^^- Sarj, s. m. a. A saddle. 

*^^a. ^ ^ Sar-chashma, *. w. p. A 
spring, a fountain. 

^•^y-» Sar-chang, 5. /. p. A kick 
with all the might of one person in 
the buttocks of another; distress, 

( 316 ) 


«>*>;^r»- Sar-hadd, *. /. p. a. Boun- 
dary, extremity, frontier, limit, con- 

^j*-) Surkh, a. p. Red. S.-bddd, 
or S.-bdda, s. m. The name of a dis- 
order, St. Anthony's fire -or erysi- 
pelas. S.-bed, s. f. A kind of cane; 
a medicinal plant. S.-posh, a. Dress- 
ed in red. S.-rtt, a. Honourable (not 
pale with guilt). S.-rm,s.f. Honour, 
fame, character, S.-sufaid, Red and 
white, fair. S.-labi, s. f. Redness of 
the lips. 

la^« Surkha, s. m. P. A colour in 
horses (white). 

wtsk^ Suikhab, s. m. p. A bird 
(Anas casarca). S. kd par lagnd. To 
do any thing expeditiously. Sir par 
surkhdb kd par hond, To be proud. 

ks^-j^ Sar-khatt, s. m. p. a. 1. An 
agreement to hire service. 2. Bill of 

ityAjM Sar-khud, a. p. Indepen- 
dant, being one's own master. 

fjijs^j^ Sar-khush, a. p. Cheer- 
ful, gay, merry, tipsy. 

^j£.^i.^yM Sar-khushi, s.f. p. Gaie- 

" ty, exhilaration, tipsiness. 

f_g^j*^ Surkhi, s.f. p. 1. Redness. 

" 2. Blood. 3. Brick-dust. 

.i^«j Sard, a. p. Cold, damp. S. 
karnu. To cool, to pacify. S.-mihr, 
A cold or lukewarm friend. S.-mihri, 
Coolness or lukewarmness in friend- 
ship, indifference. 

*jT.>^ Sard-aba, s. m. p. A cold 
bath; a place built under ground to 
shelter from heat, a cool room for 

)\i>j'^ Sardar, 5. m. p. A head- 
man, chief. 

Lfj'or* Sardari, s. f. p. Chief- 

^JJ>.JilJM Sar-darakhti, s, f. p. 
Produce of trees. 

^ji>j*» Sar-dard, s. m. p. Head- 
ache, trouble, perplexity. 
J^SJi,J^ Sar-dar-kanar, a. v. Hang- 
ing the head aside, quiet. 

Jt5<tr**» Sar- or Sir-duwal, s. f. p. 
Reins of a bridle, headstall. 

iS^y^ Sardi, s. f. p. A cold, the 
cold, coldness. 

^bj^ Sar-i-rah, *. m. p. The high 
road, the higher part of the road. 

&iJ,jj^ Sar-rishta, s. m. p. 1. The 
end of a cord on thread. 2. A rope, 
thread, cord. 3. Connexion, affinity. 
4. Desire. 

jxr* Sar-i-ru, s. f. p. The cepha- 
lic vein in the arm. 

\jja>^jjjM Sar-zad bona, v. n. p. h. 
To happen, occur, come out, appear, 

iijj^ Sar-zada, a. p. Blamed, de- 
praved, ill bred. 

(i^^i^rw Sar-zamin, s. f. p. The 
earth ; country, region, territory ; 
limits, confines. 

u^)j^ Sar-zanish, s. f. v. Re- 
proof, rebuke. 

(^jj^r** Sar-zani, s. f. p. Buffetting, 

striking the head. 
jj>3^*» Sar-zor, a. p. Mutinous, re- 
bellious, disobedient. 

LSJiJj^ Sar-zori, s. f. p. Mutiny, 
rebellion, disobedience. 

i_)»j*» Siris, s. m. s. The name of 
a tree (Mimosa seris). 

jLs^^ Sar-i-sal, s. p. The com- 
mencement of the year. 

j«L«^ Sarsam, s. m. p. 1. Deli- 
rium, phrensy, a tumour or inflation 
of the brain, a. Stupefied. 

j^Lj^ao Sar-sai, s, f. s. Increase, 
abundance, excellence. 

yi^j»» Sar-sabz, a. p. 1. Fresh, 
verdant, flourishing. 2. Prosperous, 
fortunate, happy. 

( 317 ) 

i^y^j** Sar-sabzi, s. f. p. Ver- 
dure, vegetation. 

b\j^j^ Sursarana, or Sursuraiid, 
V. n. 8. To creep along as a snake, to 
make the noise a snake does when 

cL*jfct^y«»^^ Sursurahat, s. f. a. The 
noise of a snake in creeping or of a 
trailed rope, &c. 

(jj^^^ Sarsari, a. p. Easy, facile, 
careless, without attention or con- 
sideration, easily. 

(jj-Mj^ Sursuri, s. f. ii. 1. Titil- 
lation. 2. An insect bred in grain. 

fjij^_j^ Saraswati, n. pr. f. s. The 
goddess of speech and wife of Brah- 

^^)J*MJ^ Sarson, s. f. s. A species 
of mustard (Sinapis dichotoma). 

j\J,j^ Sar-shar, a. p. 1. Brimful, 
full, redundant, glutted. 2. Intoxica- 

i^ji^j*» Sar-shari, s. f. p. Intoxi- 

l«Li;*» Sar-i-sham, s. p. Evening ; 
beginning of evening. 

Os-iy*. Sarisht, or Sirisht, s. f. p. 
1. Nature, temperament, constitution, 
disposition, complexion. 2. Intellect- 

*i-ir« Sar-rishta, s. m. v. See 

iji-i^ Sarshaf, s. m. p. Mustard 

iJ^*» SarashkjOrSirishk, s. m. p. 

A tear. 
y>i\lij*» Saratan, s. a. A crab; the 

sign Cancer; the disease cancer; a 

disease incident to the feet of cattle. 
«i.*y*« Surat, s.f. A. Haste. 
i-«,r* Sar-shakh, s, m, p. Bold^ 

^j-^ Sarghana, s. m. p. A chief, 

great person, one unequalled. 

«-»^ Saraf, s, m. a. Extravagance. 

yjiy* Sar-faraz, a. p. Exalted, 
eminent, distinguished, promoted. 

Lsyjir^ Sar-farazi, s. f. p. Exal- 
tation, promotion. 

*jy« Sariqa, s. m, a. Plagiarism, 

j\^j^ Sar-kar, s. /.p. 1. The 
king's court. 2. Government. 3. Es- 
tate, property. 4. A district compre- 
hending several pargannas. s. m. T. 
A superintendant. 2. A title given 
by way of respect to a person absent 
or present. 

iS)^j^ Sar-kari, s. f. p. Superin- 
tendance. a. Belonging to the state 
or to the Government. 

^^j^ Sarkana, v. a. h. To re- 
move, put on one side, move out of 
the way. 

^_yj*» Sarkara, s. m. s. A reed 
(Saccharum procerum). 

(_r^'«» Sar-kash, a. p. Rearing 
the head, disobedient, rebellious, mu- 
tinous, refractory, insolent. 

^JtSJ*« Sar-kaslii, s. f. p. Disobe- 
dience, mutiny, arrogance, insolence, 

LJ^-w SaraknS, v. n. ii. To be 
moved, to remove, to get out of the 
way. Suruknd, v. a. See Surukna. 

iSir^^o Surkanda, s. m. s. See 

t->j^j*» Sar-kob, a. p. Overlook- 
ing, overtopping, s. m. 1. Overlooker, 
superintendant, a superior in any 
art, a powerful adversary. 2. Beating 
the head. 3. Reproof, reproach. 

^j*m Sirka, s. m. p. Vinegar, 

<^«jy* Sir-khap, a. s. h. Reso- 
lute, adventurous. 

ij^j'^ Sir-khapi, s. f. s. H. Re- 
solution, perseverance, enterprise. 

^^O** Sirki, s.f. H. A kind of reed 
of which mats are made, reed-grass 

( 318 ) 

(tbe upper joint of Saccharurn pro- 
cerum); a sort of mat to keep oflF 

c^-ii£^ Sar-guzasht, s. f. p. An 
event, accident, transaction, history, 
account of circumstances. 

iyi^;5^ Sar-garan, a. p. 1. Tipsy, 
drunk. 2. Proud. 

j_jji^^ Sar-garani, *. /. p. Hea- 
viness of head, head-ache or heavi- 
ness from intoxication, stupidity, 

^i)\^JJ*» Sar-gardan, a. p. 1. Dis- 
tressed, humbled. 2. Confounded, 
stupefied; wandering, straying. 

f^hj^j^ Sar-gardani, s. f. p. Dis- 
tress, confusion, amazement, stupe- 

(V^** Sar-garm, a. p. 1. Intent 
on, earnest, eager. 2. Attentive. 3. 
Inflamed with love. 

j_j>e^^_^ Sar-garmi, s./. p. 1. Ap- 
' plication, attention, eagerness, ear- 
nestness. 2. Love, or being in love. 

?lAr** Sar-guroh, s. m. p. The 
chief of the troops, &c., leader, com- 
mander, a chief of faqirs, a provincial. 

j^ioLif^ Sar-gashtagi, s. f. p. 

' Afliiction, astonishment, wandering. 

&iMtSj'^ Sar-gashta, a. p. Head- 
turning, giddy, aflHicted, astonished, 
at a loss, wandering. 

f*^-» Sari- gam, s. s. 1. Tlie ga- 
mut. 2. Sol-fa-ing, solmization. 
^•^f^Sar-i-gosh,f. m. p. Tlieear. 

tr*.?{/** Sar-goshi, *. /. p. Wiiis- 

4i^>;5;«» Sargin, s. m, p. Cow-dung. 

J^^ Saral, s. m. s. I. A fragrant 
wood (Pinus longifolia). a. Perpen- 
dicular, straight ; plain, artless, sin- 

"^j^ Sarala, a. s. Upright, tall, 

\>>j^ Sarmd, *. m. v. Winter. 

^jlx^ Sarmai, *. /. p. Winter 
clothing, a. Wintry, belonging to 

«jt«^ Sar-maya, s. m. p. Stock 
in trade, capital. 

A/c^ Sarinad, a. a. Eternal, un- 

^^>*«-*j— Sar-mast, a. p. Intoxica- 
ted (with wine, lust, power, &c.) 

^^-Oj** Sar-masti, *. /. p. In- 

{jji^j^ Sarmaghzan, s. m. p. 
Trouble, vexation, labour, perplexity, 

(J-'tr* Sarniaq, s. a. Orach (atri- 

^-^ Surma, s. m. p. A collyriura 
(generally considered to be antimony, 
but what is used in India is an ore 
of lead). S.-dluJa, a. Stained with 
Surma ; whose eyes are stained with 
Surma. S. dan, or Surme-ddni, A box 
for holding Surma. S.-hond, To be 
reduced to an impalpable powder. 

j/o^-rt Sar-i-mu, s. p. The point 
of a hair, a hair's breadth. 

j_^>c^*. Surmai, a. p. Of the co_ 
lour of Surma, greyish. 

li^ Sarna, v. n. s. To be perform- 
ed or carried on, to issue. 
^j^ Surna, s. m. v, A kind of 

pipe, a clarion, a hautboy. 

ts^'ir* Surna-chi, s. m. p. t. A 
clarion (or haut-boy) player. 

«jeU^«i Sar-nama, s. m. p. Title, 
address, superscription of a letter. 

^^j^ Surnai, *. m. p. See t5*-^^*». 

*— Ij^ Surnae, s. m. p. See Surna. 

^i^ Suraug, *. /. s. A mine 
(particularly dug by thieves), a gal- 
lery, subterraneous passage, s, m. 
Red colour, a. Red-coloured, light 
bay (horse). 


( 319 ) 

ii)f^j*» Sar-niguii, a. p. 1 . Hang- 
ing the head, abashed. 2. Vile. 3. 
Backward, topsy-turvy, upside-down. 

^j^— Sai--i-nau, s. p. Recom- 
mencement, renewal. 

o.-i^>^ Sar-navisht, s.f. p. Des- 
I tiny, fortune, fate. 

jj*^ Saw, s. m. p. The cypress 
tree. S.-anddm, a. Having a body 
graceful as the cypress. S.-qadd, or 
S.-qdmat, a. Cypress-like in stature ; 
tall and graceful. S.-i-rawdn, A mo- 
ving cypress ; a sweetheart moving 

h,j*» Sarwa, s. m. s. Wife's bro- 

J'tr** Sarwal, s. m. a. Trousers, 

^iJj*^ Sar-o-pa, adv. p. All, the 
whole, from head to foot. s. m. A 
vest with which princes honour their 
subjects (khilat). 

I3j^*« Sarota, or Sarotra, s. m. h. 
A kind of scissars for cutting betel- 

^}j^ Saroj, s. m. s. The lotus. 

.>j^ Sarod, s. m. p. A song, mo- 
dulation, melody. 

iSi^j'^ Sarodi, *. m. p. A singer. 
jjj*^ Suriir, s. m. a. Pleasure, joy, 
■ cheerfulness. 

Jjj^ Sar-war, s. m. p. A chief, 

principal, leader, ». pr. Name of a 

Muhammadan saint. S.-t-/f(/»n(f#,(chief 

of created beings) Muhammad. 

jJLr** Sarwar, *. m. s. A tank. 

c5";Jl>** Sarwari, s.f. p. Chiefship, 

rule, sway. 
i^lol^jj^ Sar-0-samSn, s. m. p. 

crjLr* Sarosh, s. m. p. 1. An 
angel. 2. A voice from heaven. 3. 
The seventeenth day of the solar 

j^fj-^ Sarokar, s. m. p. Business, 

intercourse. [seed. 

^JLr** Saraunj, *. /. h. A kind of 

^Aj>^ Sarohi, *. /. h. A kind of 

j^ij^ Sira-gao or -g^e, s. h. Bos 
grunniens ; an animal whose tail is 
used to drive away flies. 

lilA^*. Sir-hana, s. m. s. The head 
part or side of anything (as of a tomb 
or bedstead), the pillow. 

i-^_^A» Sar-hangj s. m. p. A ge- 
neral, commander, captain, chief, 
overseer ; a foot soldier a. Disobedi- 
ent, rebellious, violent, strong. 

iSj^ Sari, s. f. s. The shaft of an 
arrow; a reed of which arrows are 

kSj-^ Sari, s. f. p. Chiefship. a. 

" Good. 

<-~jM, Sare, h. a. (as Save gaz 
kai rupai ? How much a yard ?) 

Ijfi—^** Sare-pa, s. m. p. cor. of 

jij^ Sarir, s. m. A. A throne. 

(Ji-Jj^ Saresh, or Siresh, s. m. p. 
Glue, starch. 

«JLaj^ Siri-saf, s. h. a. A kind 
of muslin. 

j^j-w Salt, a. A. Quick, nimble, 
ready. S.-ut-tdsir, Ready, penetra- 
ting. S.-uz-zawdl, Soon passing away, 
fading, frail. 

^jijM Surin, 5./. P. The buttocks, 
hips, thighs. 

Ij*» Sara, a. h. Rotten, musty, 

U|j*« Sarana, v. a. h. 1. To cause 
to rot. 2. To make ferment, to steep. 

'Z*A\j*» Sarahat, s. f. ii. Rotten- 

<xiAl>i» Sarahind, s. f. h. A dis- 
agreeable smell, fumette, smell of 
putrid meat. 


( 320 ) 

yj«» Surap, s. f. H. Sipping or 
suckiDg up. 

lijj-« Surapna, v. n. ii. To sip. 

iDy^ Sarak, s. f. h. A road. 

^j^ Surukna, v. a. h. To swal- 
low by gulps. 

cJJ«« Saran, s. f. h. Rottenness, 

•jj«« Sarna, v. n. u. To rot ; to 

l>*o Saza, 5./. P. Correction, pun- 
ishment, retribution. 

v|>** Sazab, s. p. Water-cresses. 

jfjj>*» Saza-war, a. p. Worthy, 
deserving, fit, excellent, able, appli- 

LS^jly* Saza-waii, s. f. p. W^or- 
thiness, excellence. 

j>j>-» Saza-war, a. p. See^jly-. 

Jj}y» Sazawal, s. m. p. A tax- 
gatherer, a land steward. 

^j'>-» Sazawali, s. f. p. The bu- 
siness of a Sazawal. 

vi--- w Sust, a. p. Relaxed, lazy, 
negligent, slow, dilatory, languid, 
feeble, indolent. S.-paimdn, a. Un- 
steady to one's engagement. 

IS— Sasta, a. u. Cheap. 

^UL«*o Sastai, s. f. h. Cheapness. 

fy-^'^ Susti, s. f. p. Relaxation, 
languor, laziness, negligence, dilato- 
riness, remissness. 

^r**» Susar, or Sasur,! 5. m. s. 

[^-»«» Susra^ J Father- 


ljj^<-«« Suskarna, v. n. h. To hiss 
(as a snake), to sibilate. 

Iax«^ Sisakna, v. n. h. To sob, 

45^«>~-» Siski, *. /. H. Sobbing. 
Siskiydn bharnd, To sob. 

^i- Sat'h, *. /. A. 1. An ex- 
panse, platform, terrace, flat roof. 
2, Surface. 

fj!^ Sat'hi, a. a. Superficial, 

^-» Satar, s. f. a. 1. A line^ 
row, rank, series, lineament. 2. Da* 
lineating, describing. S-bandi, s. f. 
Ruling lines for writing on. 

o^t**o Saadat, s. f. a. Felicity, 
happiness, good fortune. S.-mand, a. 
Fortunate, prosperous, happy. S.- 
mandi, s.f. Prosperity. 

j^x^ Satar, *. /. a. 1. Origanum. 
2. A woman that loves a woman. 

«>*-»» Sad, 8. m. A. Felicit)'^, pros- 
perity, propitiousness. S.-uz-zdhih, 
Two bright stars in the left horn of 

(_5*^ Sai, s. f. A. Endeavour, at- 
tempt, effort, enterprise, purpose. 

«>Ji**a Said, a. A. Fortunate, hap- 
py, august. 

^ri**» Sair, *. A. Flaming fire, hell. 

4_^jli*» Sifarish, s, f. p. Recom- 

«i)^*« Saffak, *. m. a. A shedder 
of blood, cruel, butcherly. 

^J^SL* Saffaki, *. /. a. Shedding 
of blood. 

JLft*« Safal, s. m. a. 1. Meanness 
of rank, depression. 2. Descent, fall. 

JIaw Sifal, s. m. p. Earthen-ware; 
glazed earthen-ware. 

^Jli-« Sifali, a. p. Earthen, ear- 

ooli*. Sifanat, s. f. a. The art 
of ship-building. 

ojk'JUu Safahat, s. f. A. Stupidity, 
follj', buff'oonery, insolence. 

^i-fi-* Saft, a. p. Firm; thick, 
close (cloth). 

fcs.'fi** Saft, s. f. A. Drinking a 
great deal without quenchiDg thirst. 
Sift, Soft pitch. 

*i«- Sufta, p. p, p. Bored, pier- 
ced (a pearl). 


( 321 ) 

^-* Safar/* s. m. a. Journey, voy- 
age, travel. S. karnd, 1. To travel. 
2. To go, depart, retire, die, As-sa- 
far wasilat uz-zafar. Travel produces 

cUyiw Safarjalj s. a. A quince. 

ijBu» Sufra, 5. m. P. 1. A table 
cloth, napkin. 2. The anus. S.-chm 
A remover or spreader of the table 

(_ffjSLM Safari, *. m. /. a. A tra- 
veller, s. f. Travelling provisions, a. 
Of or relating to travelling. 

(•^uLT*** Safri-am, s. m. a. s. A 
guava (Psidium pyriferum). 

Ji«» Sufl, or Sifl, s, m. a. Mean- 
ness (of origin), a. Ignoble, inferior, 

*Afi*. Sifla, or Safila, a. a. 1. Ig- 
noble, mean, contemptible. 2. Stingy, 
miserly. 3. Envious. S.-ddn, s. m. A 
cup or plate to throw scraps, bones, 
&c. on. 

,JJ>^ Sufli, a. A. Lower, inferior, 

ti^iui Safuf, s. m. A. A medicine 
taken dry and unmixed, a powder (in 
opposition to an electuary). 

.>ji*. Sufaid, or Sufed, a. p. Wliite. 

\sisu* Safeda, *. m. p. White-lead. 

j\yisu, Safed-ar, s. m. p. The 
name of a wood (white poplar). 

jjiioi*. Sufaida, s. m. p. The dawn ; 
whiteness ; white-lead. 

^_5.iji*. Sufaidi, s.f. p. Whiteness, 

^«*» Safir, s. m. a. An envoy, an 
amb assador. 

AJji-. Safina, s. m. a, 1. A ship, 
vessel, boat. 2, A blank-book, com- 
mon-place book. 

*ifl*. Safih, a. A. Foolish, stupid, 

l**» Saqqa, s. m. a, A water-car- 
rier j a cup-bearer. 

2 T 

jjjtfi-. Saqawa,"! s. m. a. A cold 

*jtfi*« Saqaya, J bath or place 
for washing the body with cold water 
^*«» Saqar, s. m. a. Hell. 

.tia-» Saqat, s. m. a. 1. An error, 
blunder, mistake, defect. 2. Any- 
thing of a base or useless nature ; 
merchandise of a perishable quality 
either spoilt or spoiling. S. hond, 
To die, to miscarry. 

Ja«*» Saqt, s, m. a. 1. Fire. 2. 
Sparks struck from a steel. 

s^\i,Josu» Saqti-nama, s. m. a. p. 
A casualty list of horses which have 
died in the cavalry. 

^-ftAw Saqf, s. f. A. 1. Roof, ceil- 
ing, canopy. 2. The sky. 3. A plat- 

ijtsi^ Saqfi, s. f. a. A beam, a 
rafter. fmony. 

ljJj*L« Saqmuniya, s. m. g. Scam- 

j^flji*, Saqanqiir, or Siqanqur, s. m, 
A. A skink (Lacerta skinkus). 

^jJLo Saqim, a. a. Sick, infirm. 

o'lw Sukat, s, f. A. Silence, a. 

U,K«. Sakarna, v. a. s. To accept 
(a bill of exchange, &c.) 

<J^ Sakkak, *. m. a. A cutler. 

^/'^Ao Sakkaki, s. f. a. The busi- 
ness of a cutler. 

cj^** Sukkan, s. m. a. A rudder, 
helm. of Sdkin, Inhabitants. 

^jf*il*o Sikbinaj, s. m. a."| Saga- 

4iA*i^ Sikbina, 8. m. p. J pe- 
num, a kind of gum resin (a-ayaxrivoi'). 

oXm. Sakat, *. /. s. Ability, 
strength, power. 

*x^ Sakta, s. m. a. A trance, an 
apoplexy, a pause, a vacancy. 

Iax*. Sukta, a, s. See Suk^i, a. 
Sikta, s. m. A fragment of an ear- 
then vessel, a shard. 


^5*x*» Sukti, a. s. Lean, thin, 

emaciated, dry. s.f. Dried fish. 
j^ Sukr, s. m. A. 1. An intox- 
icating drink; wine. 2. Intoxication. 
^*« Sukkai*, *. m. a.. Sugar. 

[j^ Sakra, a. s. Narrow, small, 

t£i]j^ Sakarat, s. f. a. Agony, 
fainting. S.-i-maut, Senselessness, 
the point of death. 

IJI^;^ Sakrana, v. a. s. To strait- 
en, to deprive of necessary room. 

fj>(j^ Sakrai, s. f. s. Smallness, 

IJr^ Sukarna, v. n. s. To be 
shrunk, to shrink, shrivel ; to draw 
in, collect, gather up ; to constrain. 

C5^*« Sikri, s. f. H. A staple (of 
a lock). 

t^^ Sakun, s. m. s. An omen. 

^j^ Sakin, s. m. a. A dwelling. 
Sakn, Inhabitants of a house. 

li^ Sakna, v. n. s. To be able. 

tJ^ Sikna, v. n. u. To be toast- 
ed or parched. 

j^ja^'^*>** Sikanjabin, s. f. p. 1. 
Oxymel (vinegar and honey). 2. 
Lime-juice or other acid mixed with 
sugar or honey. 
j,iJX«. Sikandar, n. pr. v. Alexan- 

*-i^ Sakana, s. pi. of Sakin, In- 

*SijL» Sukut, s, f. A. Silence, 
quietness, peace. SaAut, a. Silent, 

\ij^^ Sakorna, v. n. s. To shrink, 
draw up the limbs, gather up, shrivel, 
tighten, wrinkle. 

iyyLw Sukun, *. m. a. Quietude, 
peace, rest. 

(iAJ^Co Sukiinat, s. /.a. I. Resi- 
dence, dwelling, habitation. 2. Tran- 

( 322 ) Jim .J 

A^ Sikka, *. m. p. A. 1 . A coin- 
ing die. 2. An impression on money. 
3. Sterling, current. 4. Stampt coin. 

*«^ Sukh, *. m. s. Ease, tran- 
quillity, content, happiness. 

*«^ Sikh, s. m. s. A disciple, pu- 
pil. ». j-jr. A people living in the 
Panjab, so called from being disciples 
of Nanak. 

l*^ Sukha, a. s. Dry. See ^y^. 

U 14^*0 Sikhana, v. a. s. To teach; 
(met.) to chastise. 

tjl^x-. Sukhana, v. a. s. To dry ; 
to evaporate. 

^5?W^ Sikhai, s. /. s. ^Teach- 

'.jL^i*j Sikhaya, s. m. s.J ing, 

Ijll^xw, Sukhlana, see Sukhana. 
Sikhlana, see Sikhana. 

(.5*^ Sukhi, or Sukhiya, a. s. At 
ease, happy, tranquil. 

^JJ-i^ Sakelna, v. n. h. See IJJ^^. 

»-s^ Sag, s. m. p. A dog. S.-bdn, 
A dog-keeper. S.-bacha,s. m. A pug, 
a whelp. S.-dawt,s.f, Running about 
fruitlessly. S.- zddu, Son of a bitch, 
S.-lagi, s.f. Flattery, servitude. 

^ Saga, fl. s. Related (of the 
same parents), full, own, as Saga 
bhdi. Own brother, s. m. A relative, 

J^^ Sigal, s. P. 1. Thought, sus- 
picion. 2. Word, speech. 3. Enmity, 

-jj^ Sagai, *. /. s. 1. Relation- 
ship (especially by the same parents). 
2. Betrothing for marriage. 3. Se- 
cond marriage of a woman of low 
tribe. S. kamd. To engage for mar- 
riage, to betroth. 

li^iX* Sag-pahta, s. m. s. Greens 
dressed with pulse. 

e;^ Sugan, s. m. s. An omen. 

<>>j^ Sugand, or Sugandh, s. f. s. 


( 323 ) 


Perfume, odour, a. Fragrant, sweet- 

J-» Sill, s. m. A. A consumption, 
a hectic fever. 

d*» Sil, "1 *./. s. A stone on which 

^ SilajJ spices, &c., are ground 
or knives sharpened ; a stone. 

^^ Silah, 8. f. A. Arras, imple- 
ments of war, armour. 

^3U Sallakh, s. m. a. A skinner. 

•.:>*»iU Salasat, s. f. a. Perspicu- 
ity, clearness, facility, ductility, easi- 
ness, gentleness. 

4^Js3L. Salatin, s. pi. of cil^*». 

(•^ Salam, 5. m. a. 1. Salutation. 
2. Peace, safety. S. karni, 1. To 
salute. 2 . To give up, desist, refrain, 
bid adieu. Saldmun dlaika, Peace 
or safety to thee. Saldmun alaikum. 
Peace, &c. on you, are forms of salu- 
tation especially at meeting. S. lend, 
'Vo return the salutation. 

o/oil.«, Salamat, s, f. a. Safety, 
salvation, recovery, tranquillity, 
health. Adjectively, Safe, well, in 
safety. S.-raw, An economist. S.- 
raui, s f. Economy, good manage- 

j^^iooiU Salamati,*./. a. 1. Health, 
safety. 2. A coarse kind of cloth. 

tysiU Salami, s. /.a. 1. Salute. 
2. A present given to a landlord for 
granting a lease, &c. 

Ij^- Silana, v. a. s. To cause to 
sew or stitch. 

IJ^ Sulana, v, a. s. 1. To cause 
to sleep or put to sleep. 2. To kill, 
to murder. Suld-dend, To kill, to 

t^'iU Silai, s. f. 8. The price of 
sewing ; seam, sewing. 

,y^ Salai, s./. s. 1. A needle or 
piece of wire for tinging the eyelids 
with a collyrium. 2. A lead pencil. 

V^ Salb, s. m. a. 1. A negative 
2 T 2 

argument in logic. 2, Plunder. &'.- 
i-kulli. General negation. S.-i-juzi, 
Special negation. 

«»V*»Sil-batta, *. m. s. Two stones 
with which spices, paint, &c. are 

^^5^ Silapchi, s.f.n. See Chi- 

lil^s:^ Suljhana, v. a. H. To un- 
ravel, disentangle. 

Li^*^ Sulajhna, v. n. H. To be 
unravelled or disentangled. 

iS^j^J^ Silah-poshi, s. f. a. p. 

The wearing of armour. 
AiLk-L. Silah-khana, s. m. a. p. 

An arsenal, armoury. 
j^U*» Salah-shor, or Silah-shor, 

a. A. p. A champion, gladiator, horse- 

^l-« Salakh, s. f. a. The end of 
the month or the day of the new 
moon ; the last day of such a month 
as has thirty days. 

(j*-l*» Sals, a, A. Easy, ductile, 
gentle, mild. 

Jja«J*» Salsabil, s. a. 1. Name of 
a fountain in paradise. 2. Running 
limpid, sweet water. 

ljH«X». Salsaldna, v. n. u. See 

»iUA)Ll». Silsilahat, s. f. a. h* 

fjyi JU.*! Silsil-i-baul, *. m. a. 
A diabetes, a morbid copiousness of 

AJL.L, Silsila, *. m. A. A chain, 
series, concatenation ; succession, de- 
scent of a family, pedigree. S.-mu, 
Having the hair in ringlets like 

tylliL, Sultan,* $. m. a. A prince, 

fJi\hXm Sultani, a. a. Regal, 


( 324 ) 

princely, belonging to a sovereign. 
s.f. A kind of broad cloth. 

vi.ikJ-w Saltanat, s. f. a. Empire, 
sovereignity, reign. 

«-JJ-«« Salaf,* a. a. Past, preced- 
ing, former times, 1. Ancestors. 

2. Money advanced for merchandize. i o v tti 4. i. 
„ ^ , „„ r -«» u**^ Sails, a. A. Easy, not ab- 

3. A pursef a bag. 4. Ihe past, for- ^ •' 

mer times. 

«-ftA-» Silf, 5. m. A. Brother-in- 
law, husband of a wife's sister. 

lftl*« Sulfa, s. m. H. Little balls of 
tobacco smoked in a Huqqa without 
the intervention of a tile. 

j^^- Silafchi, s. f. H. See Chi- 

'■^^ Silk, s. m. A. A thread, 

string; order, series, train, a road. 

^^*a Sallii, s. f. s. The root of 
the Nymphoea lotus. 

Ijl^lLo Sulgana, v. a. s. To light, 
inflame, kindle. 

liXJL. Sulagna, v. n, s. To light 
to be kindled or inflamed, 2. To burn 
without smoke or flame. 

JU Salam, s. m. a. 1. Peace, safe- 
ty. 2. Saluting, submitting, cultiva- 
ting peace, friendship, a. Free from 
fault or flaw. Sallamah-ul-ldhu-ta- 
qld, May the Almighty protect him. 

JLw Sullam, s. m. a. A stair. 

_>!*» Sallu, s. m. ii. A thong, a 
strip of leather with which a shoe 
is stitched. 

liiy-w Silwana, v. a. s. To cause 
to sew or stitch. Sulwdnd, v, a. To 
cause to put to sleep. 

ci>y-<» Salwat, s. m. a. Content, 
cheerfulness, felicity. 

«J^ Suluk, s. m. A. 1. Road, 
way. 2. Manner, mode. 3. Intercourse, 
usage, treatment, civility, kindness, 
attention. S. karnd, To treat, to 
proceed with, to treat with kindness. 

IJjXm, Salona, a. s. Salted, saltj 

ijj^ Saloni, a. s. Tasteful, sea- 

,J^ Sill, s.f.s.l.A whetstone. 
2. A small kiln. 

struse, simple. S.-navis, Writing a 
plain hand. 

*a*l-, Saliqa, s. m. a. Nature, ge- 
nius, taste, good disposition, method, 
knack, knowledge, dexterity, address, 
S.-shidr, a. Of a good disposition. 
S.-e-gvftgii, s. m. Polite conversation. 
Sdhib'Saliqa, A man of taste. S -e- 
majlis, s. m. Good breeding. 

/♦J^« Saluu, a. A. 1. Pacific, mild, 
affable. 2. Perfect, healthy. S.-ut- 
tabq, a. Affable, mild, pacific; a real 
genius, a genuine poet. 

(^jUaL* Sulaiman, n. pr. a. Solo- 

j_jiUjJ-« Sulairaani, a. a. Belong- 
ing to Solomon, s. m. An onyx. 

^ Samra, *. m. a. Poison. 

^ Sum, 5. m. p. A hoof. 

U-»» Sama,* s. m. a. 1. The hea- 
vens, the sky, the firmament. 2. A 
canopy. 3. Altitude. 

vi>U«« Samat, or Simat, pi. of Si- 
mat, A. A sign, mark. Plurally, 
Signs, marks. 

•^^U-i Samajat, s. f. a. (used 
adjectively) 1 . Deformed, filthy, base. 

2. Adulteration. 3. Adulation, en- 
treaty, solicitation. 

o*A.U.«> Samahat, s, f. a. Bene- 
ficence, liberality. 

^jjU-« Samarugh, s. w. p. A 
white mushroom resembling an egg. 

^U*« Sama, s. m. a. 1. Hearing, 
listening. 2. The sense of hearing. 

3. Smging, a song. 4. Ecstacy, oc- 
casioned by hearing singing (parti- 

( 325 ) 

cularly in Dervishes when hearing 

c:**U-« Samaat, s. f. a. Hearing. 

j3«U*o Samai, a. a. 1. What has 
been heard, traditional. 2. (In gram- 
mar) Irregular. 

t5U*» Sumaq, or Summaq, s. m. A. 

1. Sumach (Rhus coriaria). 2. Por- 
phyry, the hardest species of marble. 

jIa)\^ Samm-ul-far, '\ s.m. a. Ar- 

j[^j^ Sara-ul-khar,J senic. 

yU*- Samalu, s. m, h. A plant 
called also Meori (Vitex trifolia). 

oU*» Saman, a. s. Equal, ade- 
quate, similar, alike, akin. s. m. f 
Equality, level, rank. 

lJ(**o Samana, v. n. s. To be con- 
tained in, to go into. 
jU*o Samao, s. m. s. Room, space. 

c5dU*» Samawi, a. a. Heavenly, 

^U*» Samai, s. f. s. 1. Endu- 
rance, patience. 2. Capability, ca- 

U**i Sumba, s. m. ii. A sponge- 
staff; a ram-rod. 

\jjl^M> Sambharna",! V. a. s. To 

UJLgj.*-. Sambhalna, J support, 
prop, sustain, hold up. 2. To shield, 
protect, restrain, repress. 

tiW-h*-*" Sambhalna, v. n. s. To be 
supported, to stand, to be firm, to 
recover one's self from a fall. 

c-.*** Samt, s.f. A. A way, path; 
a part, side, quarter ; towards. S.-ur- 
rds, The point of the heavens direct- 
ly over head, hence improperly call- 
ed zenith. 

o>**» Simat,* s. a. A mark (es- 
pecially made by burning). 

*2***» Simat, s. /. s. 1 . Act of col- 
lecting, condensing or constraining. 

2. Tone, elasticity. S.-jdnti, To shri- 
vel, to shrink. 

IjX»ao Simatna, v. n. s. To be con- 
centrated, to shrink. 

i^si**^ Samajh, s. f. s. Compre- 
hension, understanding, opinion. 

ULfs:'**" Samjhana, v. a. s. To 
make comprehend, explain, convince, 
describe, inform, satisfy, undeceive, 
warn, admonish. 

Ihs:*^ Samajhna, v. a. s. To com- 
prehend, understand. 

j\j^s*^ Samajh-war, a. s. Pru- 
dent, wise, considerate. 

jA*-. Samudr, s. m. s. Sea, ocean. 
S.-phen (sea-froth). The dorsal scale 
or bone of the Cuttle-fish (Sepia 

j*.i/*-» Sum-dum, a. p. Very cor- 

_j*^ Samar,* s. m. a. 1. Evening 
conversation. 2. Night, darkness. 
3. Time. 4. A vestibule. 5. An ad- 
venture befalling any one. 

_j*^ Sumur, s. m. a. 1. Narra- 
tion. 2. A small lake. 

ft"-*^ Sumsum, s. f. h. The noise 
of moist wood burning ; simmering. 

^'M^M* Samsam, s. m. a. A fox. 
Simsim, The grain Sesame. 

5*-i Sama, s. m. a. The ear; 

isU*» Samk, s. m. a. Height, 
depth, profundity. 

'iU^ Samak, s. m. a. 1. A fish 

on which the earth is supposed to 
rest. Hence, Az samak td samdk. 
From the bottom of the abyss to the 
pinnacle of heaven. 2. A fish in ge- 
neral. 3. The sign Pisces in the zo- 

c^«-» Saman, *. in. p. 1. Jasmine. 
2. Lily of the valley. 

Samand, *. tn. p. 1 . A horse 
of noble breed, a steed. 2. Bay (co- 


( 326 




jixi^-w Samundar, s. m, s. 

^i>A4^ Samandar, 5. m. p. A sala- 

jl^ol»-wi Samundar-khar, 5. m. s. 

ci>l^*«. Samawat, s. j9^. of U.*« a. 

Ia.^-*^ Samucha, a. s. Entire, 

^j**«» Samur, *. »». a. A weasel, a 
martin, a sable ; sable-skin, 

*Mi^.^M» Samosa, *. m. p. 1. A 
kind of small pastry of minced meat 
of a triangular form. 2. A shawl or 
handkerchief doubled diagonally to 
throw over the shoulders. S.-waraqi, 
A species of the pastry Samosa. 

(»>♦*• Satniim, s. f. A. A hot pes- 
tilential wind (Simoom). 

c)^*» Sumiin, A. \.a. Fat. 2. 
of Saman, Butter. 

^Jk^*» Sami, s. m. A. A namesake. 

^5*-» Sami, s, s, A plant (Mimo- 
sa albida). 

c:*Ji**» Samet, adv. s. With, along 
with, together with. 

(2**4-w Samet, s. f. s. An astringent 

liIj;.*-«» Sametna, v. a. s. To con- 
stringe, to cause to shrivel or shrink ; 
to collect together. 

^^ Sun, a. s. Insensible, with- 
out sensation, palsied. 

^j*» San, *. m. s. Name of a plant 
(Crotolaria juncea). 

i^f^ Sinn, s. m. A. 1 . An age, pe- 
riod of life. 2. A tooth. 3. The nib 
of a pen. San, A year. Sinn-osdl, 

Liu* Sana, s. m. a. Senna. S.- 
makki, Senna of Mecca. 

Lw Sunna, v. a. s. To hear. s. m. 
A cypher. 

jLw Sunar, s. m. s. A goldsmith. 

(j-jLL* Sunari, s. f. s. The busi- 
ness of a goldsmith. 

jj*«U.w Sannasi, s. m. s. See (^•«'i^, 

c)^ Sin an, s. f. a. The point 
(of a spear, arrow, needle, &c.) ; a 

Uliw Sunana, v. a. s. To cause to 
hear, to inform, advise, tell, bid, warn. 

JaIw Sumbul, s. m. p. 1. Spike- 
nard (to which the locks of a mistress 
are compared). 2. The hyacinth. 
S.'i- Hindi, s. m. The spikenard (Va- 
leriana jatamansi). S.-i-khatdi, An- 
gelica. S.-istdn, Hyacinth-bed or 

c^i*i Sumbul, s. m. a. A flower 

(especially of an odoriferous plant), a 

^V"^ Sumbula, s. m. 
sign Virgo of the zodiac. 
Aw^xLw Sambosa, s. m 


a. The 
p. See 



iSj^^i^ Sunbahri, s. f. s. A dis- 
ease, elephantiasis. 

ij^AJ.*. Sampola, or Sumpoliya, s. 
m, s. A young snake. 

!^^ Sampera, s. m. s. A snake- 

CaI^i Sunnat,* s.f. a. 1. Circum- 
cision. S. karnd. To circumcise. 2. 
The traditions of Muhammad. Sanat, 
s.f. A year. 

^■i-M. Sanj, p. a. p. {In comp.) 
Weigher, examiner; as Naghma- or 
Tardna-sanj, A measurer of sounds, 
a musician. Svkhan-sanj, A weigher 
of words, an orator. 

^i*i Sinj, a. p. Elected, chosen. 
s. m. A. Choice. 

^*«» Sunj, s. m. p. The red (ber) 
Jujube tree. 

i^is^ Sanjab, s. m. p. Ermine, 
the grey squirrel. 


( 327 ) 


olsr^ Sanjaf, s. /. p. Border 
(tacked to the outer part of a gar- 

j_jils^*» Sanjafi, a. p. Adorned 

' with a border (cloths). 

Ia4s:^*' Sanjhna, 8. m. s. See 

jjjjojs*-* Sanjida, p. p. p. Weighty, 
grave; tried, examined (as gold). 

«>Ju. Sanad,* 5. /A. 1. Signature, 
a deed, grant, diploma ; the seal of 
a magistrate, a warrant. 2. A prop, 
anything on which one leans or is 
supported ; a document or proof. 3. 
Relation, connexion. S.-mutdbiq, 
The counterpart of a grant, &c., the 
order to put in execution. 

e)l«i>i-« Sindan, s. f. p. An anvil. 

f^jjdS^ Sandaros, *. m. a. p. 
Sandarak or Sandaracha, a resin 
which exudes from a species of Thuia 
(T. articulata). 

g^L* Sindh, s. m. s. \. Sea, ocean. 
2. The province of Sinde. 

^OiJui Sanadi, a. a. Held by 
written deeds. 

UI5J--J Sandasa, s. m. s. Large 
pincers, tongs. 

^^lSi«. Sandasi,^ 

,^5J«-i Sandsi, 

i^J^ Sanrsi, 

l«^^ Sansa, s. m. s. Doubt ; fear. 

ejL-i*. Sunsan, a. s. Void, drea- 
ry, desolate and silent. 

GLl*i.«« Sansanana, v. n. h. To 
jingle, to ring. 

^aaU-Jaw Sansauaha^;, s, f. h. Jin- 
gling sound. 

vili— Sinak, s. m. u. Blowing the 
nose, snot. 

^^*^*^ Sankchi, s. f. a. A scate. 
li^i** Sinakna, v. a, h. To blow 
the nose. 

s. f. s. Tongs, 

iSxMt Sang, s. m. p. 1. A stone. 
2. Weight. S.-bdrdn, Shower of 
stones, pelting with stones. S.-ta- 
rdsh, s. m. A stone-cutter. S.-tara, 
s. m. A kind of orange. S.-taul, 
Equal in weight. S.-i-jirdhat, A sge- 
cies of steatites. S.-i-hhdrd, Flint. 
S.-ddna, s. m. The gizzard. S.-dil, 
Hard-hearted. S.-dili, s. f. Hard- 
heartedness. S.-reza, s. m. Gravel. 
S.-i-sulaimdni, s. m. Agate, onyx. 
S.-i-sumdq,. Porphyry. S.-ldhh, a. 
Stony, rocky. S.-i-masdna, s. m. The 
gravel, the stone. S.-i-marmar, s, m. 
Marble. S.-i-miqndtis, The loadstone. 
S.-i-musd, A black stone so called. 
S.-nishdn, A mark to be thrown at. 
S.-i-yashm, s. m. A kind of jasper 
or agate. 

<-S^ Sang, adv. s. Along with. 

li)^ Singa, s. m. s. A trumpet, 
horn for blowing. 

jlAj^Lu, Singhar-har, s. m. s. The 
weeping Nyctanthes (N. arbor tris- 

*j^JSm» Sang-pusht, s. m. p. A 

gj\js*^ Sang-khwara, *. m. p. 
An ostrich. 

ij^ Singra, s. m. s. A powder 

^jXxm. Singri, s. f. s. A small 
powder horn for priming with. 

jLXw Sang-sar, *. m. s. Stoning 
to death. 

^5««-^>-» Sangsi, *./. s. See Sanrsi. 

f^j^;JS.^ Sang-shoi, *. /. p. Wash- 
ing rice, &c. before dressing it. 

^Jj^S^ Singau^i, s. f. s. I, A po- 
lishing tool made of horn. 2. An 
ornament of metal on the horns of 
a bullock. 

*t^J-«» Singh, s. m. s. 1. A Lion. 
2. The sign Leo. 3. A title used by 

( 328 ) 


IjljXi** Singhara, s. m. s. Trapa 

Ul^^i*. Sunghana, v. a. s. To 
cause to smell. 

^J'^^^ Singhani, *. /. s. A lioii- 

^J^^ Sangi, s. m. s. See Satin. 

^J^ Sangi, a. p. Stony, of stone. 

iiyj;^i*» Sangin, a. p. Stony ; hea- 
vy, weighty; solid, thick, s. f. A 
bayonet. S.-dilt, s.f. Hard-hearted- 

t^ij^* Sangini, s./. p. 1. A load. 

" 2. Solidity. 

lji*» Sunna, v. a. s. To hear. 5. m. 
A dot, cipher. 

ol^i— Sanvvat, s. pi. of Sanat, 1 . 
Years. 2. Old coin current at a de- 
preciated rate after a certain number 
of years. 

IJJjXa, San warn a, v. a. b. To pre- 
pare, dress, decorate, adjust, adorn, 

i\)y^ Sanwarna, v. n. h. To be 
dressed, prepared ; to suit, to pros- 

ej^i*. Saniin, s. m. a. Tooth-pow- 

AJua Sana, s. m. a. A year. 

j^^ Sunahra, a. s. Golden. 

4^J-« Sunnij a. a. Lawful, s. m. 
An orthodox Musalman who reveres 
equally the four successors of Mu- 
hammad and hence also called Char- 

^^Uxm. Sannyasi, s. m. s. A Brah- 
man of the fourth order ; a religious 

y^^ Sanichar, s. m. s. 1. Sa- 
turn. 2. Saturday. 

_^ Sail, a. s. A hundred. S.-sir 
kd hond, To possess excessive perse- 
verance, energy, or obstinacy. Su, 
(In comp.J, Good; as, Su-daul, a. 

Beautiful, well-shaped. Sau, iJkeT 
See Sa. 

^*» So, pr. correl. s. That ; then, 

y^ Su, s. f. p. A side, part, to- 
wards. S.-ha-su, Side by side. 

\j'M Soa, s. m. s. Fennel (Ane- 
thum sowa). 

[>*» Sua, s. m. s. 1. A parrot. 2. 
A large needle, S^vn of corn. 

I>w Sawa, a. s. With a quarter, a 
quarter more. 

U*» Siwa, a. a. More, better. ^rcp. 

.>[>*• Sawad, s. m. a. 1. Blackness, 
blackening, soot, smoke. 2. Environs 
of a city ; the villages, country hous- 
es and territory belonging to any 
town. 3. Reading. 4. Ability. 

J'yM Sawar, or Suwar, a. p. 1. 
(Used substantively), A rider. 2. 
Mounted or riding (on a ship, a 
palkee, horse, &c.) 3. Cavalry ; a 
trooper. 4. (met.) Drunk, tipsy. S.- 
kdr, A good rider, a jockey. S.'kdrt, 
s.f. Good riding, jockeyship. 

jl>*<» Siwar, s. in. s. Green vegeta- 
tion at the bottom of pools or other 
water (Valeriana spiralis or octandra). 

j[^*«» Suar, s. m. s. A hog. 

iSj]y^ Suari, s. f. s. A sow. 

isj^j^ Sawari, s. /.p. 1. Riding. 
2. Equipage, suit. 

«jl^« Suwaf, s. m. a. Death, a 
mortal disease (especially among cat- 

^[y^ Siwak, *. m. a. Rubbing the 

teeth, a dentifrice. 

JL>-» Suwal, s. m. A. Interrogato- 
ry, interrogation, questioning, ques- 
tion, proposition, request, begging. 

ijf^j^ Suwali, s. m. A. 1. A ques- 
tioner. 2. The person who sings the 

( 329 ) 


^^y» Siwana, s. m. s. Verge, limit, 

tJij-* Suwdndj V. a. s. To cause to 

Jl^*i Sawanih, s. pi. of ■^'y^, Ko.- 
cidents, occurrences, incidents, events 
S.-nigdr, A news-writer, intelligencer 

Aj[>*» Siwana, s. m. s. See Siwana. 

t5L>** Sawai, s. f. s. A quarter 

•jI^— Sawaya, a. s. A quarter add- 

Y>*» Sup, s. m. s. A basket for 
winnowing corn. 

IxxjIj^w Supabena, s. m. s. A bird, 
a swallow (Hirundo apus batassia). 

«jlj^*» Supara, s. m. h. Glans 

iS)^,y^ Supiyari, s. f. h. Betel- 

o^-» Slit, s. m. 8. Thread, yarn ; 
a silver thread ; a stamen (in botany), 
a tendril. S.-bvn'i, A kind of nee- 
dle work. 

c>j-» Saut, s. f. 8. Rival (wife), 
contemporary wife (one wife is saut 
to another). 

e.^-» Sot, s. m./.^s. A spring, 

lj>*» Sota, s, m. J fountain, 

stream, an arm (of the sea). Sotd, 
p. p. Asleep, s. m. Sleep, sleeping. 

^Jjy^ Siitli, s. f. s. String, twine. 

tj^y^ Suthni, «./. h. 1 . Drawers. 
2. An edible root (Dioscorea fascicu- 

^^j— Suti, «. s. Made of cotton 

^y» Sftutela, a. s. Belonging or 
related to Saut, of one father by dif- 
ferent mothers, as S. hMx, Step- 
brother, &c. 

^y» Suj, *. /. s. Swelling. 

\s^y» Siija, s. m. s. A borer, gim- 
let, auger, awl. 

2 u 

Uift.^*» Sujna, V. n. s. To swell, to 

,j^j^ Suji, s. f. H. Meal, flour 
(coarsely ground). 

^y^ Soch, s. m. s. Consideration, 
reflection, thought, meditation. 

Li-^j^ Sochna, v. a. s. To consi- 
der, meditate, advert. 

•^■a^-w Sokht, a. p. Burnt, s. 
Burning ; a revoke at cards. 

^J^^_y'» Sokhta-gi, s.f. p. 1. Burn- 
ing. 2. Vexation, heart-burning. 

i^j^^M, Sokhtan, s. p. Burning. 

^aLL^«, Sokhtani, a. p. Fit or 
deserving to be burnt. 

*J^-«» Sokhta, p. p. p. Burnt, 
scorched. S.-jdn, or S.-dil, Inflam- 
ed in mind (with love or grief), s, m. 
A slow match, tinder. 

dj^ Slid, s. m, p. Profit, interest, 
usury. S. batta. Profit and loss. 

'•>>>• Sauda, s. m. a. Melancho- 
ly, atrabilis, ambition, desire, love, 

f^^-o Sauda, s. m. p. Trade, traffic ; 
marketing. S.-suluf, s. m. Trafllic, 
barter. S-gar, s. m. A merchant. 
S.-gari, s.f. Merchandise, trade, com- 

ij^iiy^ Saudai, a. a. Melancholic, 
insane, mad. 

,^i,^*H Sud-mand, a. v. Profita- 
ble, useful, beneficent, benefited, pro- 

ji)j^ Sudr, s. m. s. A person of 
the fourth or servile tribe among the 

ijj'iy* Sudrani, s. f. s. A female 
of the Sudr tribe or caste. 

Jf-i^-i Suda, p. p. p. Rubbed, dis- 
solved, s. m. Powder. 

liA^^^i Sodhna, v. a. s. To pay, 
discharge (a debt) ; to refine (metals). 


( 330 ) 

iS^y» Sudi, a. p. (Money) bor- 
rowed at interest. 

jy» Siiar, *. OT. s. A hog. 

^^j_y- Surakh, *. m. p. A hole, 
orifice, passage. 

^jy» Siiraj, s. m. s. The sun. S.- 
gahan, A solar eclipse. S.-mukhi, s f. 
A sun-flower, a kind of fan or pa- 

it>jy» Suran, s. m. s. A kind of 

edible root (Arum campanulatum). 
e;ls:^j-»i Surinjan, s. f. A. A me- 
dicine (Hermodactylus). 

ijy» Sura, s. m. a. A chapter or 
division of the Quran (there being 
114 in number). 

jy» Soz, s. m. p. Burning ; vex- 
ation, heart-burning ; ardour. 2. A 
stanza of a Marsiya or elegiac poem. 

'^Li?** Sozak, s. m> p. A gonor- 
rhoea, a clap. 

iD^jy Sozan, p. p. p. Burning. 

yi^jy Soz-gudaz,5.7n. p. 1. Burn- 
ing and melting. 2. An impassion- 
ed style in poetry. 

cAb** Sozish, s. f. p. Burning ; 
solicitude, pain, vexation. 

ejj(^*» Sozan, s. f. p. A needle ; 

pricker of a gun. 

ii)G^ Soz-nak, a. p. Burning, 

\^j^ Sozni, s. f. P. A kind of 

small embroidered carpet, quilted 

linen, tamboured work. 
cr>*» Sus, s. m, A. Liquorice, 
crj'-* Sus, s. m. s. \h. por- 
j\^j>uy» Susmar, s. m. v- J poise. 
4j^^*« Sosan, s.f. a. A lily. 
^Jy*»y* Sosni, s. f. p. A bluish 

v«»U^*. Saughat, *. /. p. A rarity, 

present, curiosity. 
j_j3Lc^*, Saughati, a. p. 1. Given 

as a present or memorial, fit for a 

present ; hence, 2. Rare. 
jli^Au Sufar, *. m.f. p. The notcbi 

of an arrow, the eye of a needle. 
Ky» Suka, s. m. h. A four-anna 

lis^w Sukna, v. n. s. To dry, to 

become dry. 
Lfti'j*. Sukha, a. s. Dr5^ 5. m. 1. 

Dry tobacco eaten with betel leaf. 2. 

A consumption, atrophy. S. dhdn^ 

Rice burnt up by the sun's rays. 
^j*» Siikhna, v. n. s. To dry, to 

fall away, pine away, shrivel, wither. 

Sokhnd, To soak up, absorb. 
>-^j*^ Sog, s. m. p. s. Affliction, 

grief, sorrow, lamentation, anguish, 
if>-o Suga, s. 111. s. A paroquet. 
•^y^ Saugand, s. f. p. An oath. 

Saugandi-saugandi, s. f. Mutual as- 

2S.>ii^«. Su-gandh, s. f. s. Perfume. 
a. Fragrant. 

J^y^ Sog-war, a. p. Afflicted, 
sorrowful, in mourning, lamenting, 

c5;'^^^-» Sog-wari, s. f. p. Afflic- 
tion, grief. 

^Jy^ Sogi, a, P. s. Afflicted, 

<sibi^*« Sogyana, *. m. p. Mourn- 
ing clothes. 

J^-- Sul, s. m. f. s. 1. Colick. 2. 
The point of a spear, &c.; a thorn. 

B^y^ Solah, a. s. Sixteen. 

^Jy Siili, s. f. s. An empaling 
stake. S. dend or charhdnd. To em- 

e»U>e^ Sumanat, *. p. Name of 
an ancient idol temple in Guzarat; 
also the name of the idol (Somnath). 

Sl/*^^ Somraj, *. m. s. Black 
cumin seed (Serratulaanthelmintica). 

( 331 ) 


vi)^*» Son, *. m, s. 1. A river so 
called. 2. A flower (Bignonia indica). 

l-i^-» Sona, V. n. s. To sleep, {met.) 
to die. s. m. Gold. Sone kd nawdld, 
An expensive banquet, a delicious 

lj>^ Suna, a. s. Empty, desert, 

^•^l^-• Sompna, v. a. s. To deliver 
over, commit to charge, give, con- 

^j** Siintna and Siinthna, v. a. ii. 
1. To strip leaves oiF vegetables. 2. To 
draw a sword. 

lij^*i Sonta, s. m. ii. A club, mace, 
pestle. Sonte-barddr, A mace-bear- 
er ; an attendant armed with a short 
curved club generally covered with 

*«^>«» Sonth, s. f. s. Dry ginger; 
(met.) a miser. 

lAd<i.3_yw Sondhna, v. a. s. To rub 
cloth in mud (before washing it), to 
smear, to mix. 

iSiiJym Sondi, s. f. H. The wash 
in which washermen steep their cloth. 

^j*» Sund, *. /. s. Proboscis of 
an elephant. 

i5j^ Sunda, s. m. h. A weevil, 
or small insect in corn. 

]yj*» Saunra, *, m, s. Soot, or 
anything black. 

iSJif'^ Sunn, s. m. s. A distiller 
and s})irit-vender. 

o*lr** Suns, s. m. s. A porpoise. 

«-flj^ Saunf, s. f. H. Aniseed 
(Pimpinella anisum). 

^^'iy»> Sungh, s.f. s. Smell. 

'•g^j^- Sungha, a. s. Stanch (as a 
dog), s. m. A person employed in 
Marhatta armies said to be able to 
detect hidden treasure or grain by 
the smell of the earth. 

U^^^ Siinghnti, v. a. s. To smell. 
2 u 2 

^\^y^ Sunghni, *. /. s. Snuff. 

A*j>«» Sonh, s. f. H. An oath. S. 
dend, or khildnd, To adjure. 

[j-^yx* Sonahra,! a. a. Golden. 

ll^j*. Sonahla, J S. pant, s. m. 

^y* Soniya, s. m. s. One who 
separates gold from ashes, &c. 

*iJ>*» Siinya, *. w. s. A dot, a ci- 

(f Uj.«i Sohaga, s. m. s. Borax. 

^y(jfc^*« Sohan, *. m.~\ p. A file ; 

e>A^«» Sohan, s. f. } a whet- 

(ijA^-* Sohan, s. f. h. A kind of 

ti><* Siii, s. f. s. A needle. S.- 
kd senbal, A bubble. S.-ke ndke se 
kliuddi ho nikdlnd, means, To perform 
anything apparently impossible. 

^y»> Sue, or Su, s. f. p. Side, 

path, quarter, towards. 
Ij>*« Siiiya, a. s. Pointed. 
Li^-* Suwaiya, a. s. A quarter 

more. s. m. A sleeper. Suiyd, a. 

Pointed, Sawaiyd, a. s. see Sawa. 
jij-^ Sawer, a, s. Early, soon, in 

good time. 
Lr:|>«» Sawera, s. m. s. Morning, 


isy.y^ Sawere, *. m. inflec. of Sa- 
wera, 8. In the morning, early. 

Kjiy^ Sawain, *. s. Vermicelli. 

Ju Si, a. p. Three. Si-bandi, si 
m. A militia soldier employed in col- 
lecting revenues. Si-pdya, s. in. A 
tripod, trivet. Si-pahar, Afternoon. 
Si-pahal, a. Trilateral. Si-chand, 
Thrice. Si-harj\, a Triliteral. Si- 
dara, a. Three-doored (room, &c.) 
Si sdla, a. Triennial. Si-shamha, 
s. m, Tuesday. Si-fasla, a. Having 
three harvests. Si-karrar, Three time§ 
as much. Si-gosha, Triangle. Si- 

( 332 ) 


manzila, a. Having three stories or 
floors (a house, &c.) 
l^-w Suha, 8. m. a. An obscure 
star in the constellation of the greater 

**l^ Suhaga^ s. m. s. Borax. 

Jit— Suhal, s. m.~\n. Bi-ead or 

t5^^--« Suhali, s. f.j cakes fri- 
ed in butter. 

^\** Sahana, s. m. p. Name of a 
musical mode. 

jl^^ Sahaii, a. s. Tolerable. 

^t** Sahaj, a. a. Easy. 

Li«tr* Sahajna, s. m. s. A tree 
whose root supplies the place of 
horse-radish (Guilandina morunga). 

]jY* Sihra, s. m. p. s. A chaplet, 
garland, wreath (worn on the head 
by a bridegroom and bride at the 
marraige ceremony). 

^l/t^ Sahrana, or Sihranaj v. n. h. 
To thrill, to have the hairs stand on 

li^^ Siharna, v. w. h. To shiver, 
to shake with cold. 

iSjv* Sahri, *. /. s. A fish, the 
small carp (Cyprinus chrysopareius). 

iX^ Sahl, a. a. Easy, not diffi- 
cult, simple, soft, trifling, adv. Easily. 
S.-angdri, s.f. Indiflference, careless- 

ijH^ Sahlana, v. a. h. To stroke, 
rub gently, tickle. 

•JLofcil^ Sahlahat, s. f. h. Gentle 
rubbing, stroking, titillation. 

f¥f^ Sahni, s. m. p. Fear, dread. 
S.-ndk, a. Frightened ; horrible. 

j»t^ Sahni, s. m. a. I. An arrow. 

2. The transverse beam of a house. 

3. A lot, a portion, share. 4. The 
segment of a circle, segment. 5. A 
versed sine. 

e>l.,^ Sahman, a, v. h. Frighten- 

li^-*» Sahmana, v. a. p. h. To 

LUj-i Sahmna, v. n. p. h. To fear, 
to be afraid. 

l^* Sahna, v. n. s. To bear, en- 
dure, support. 

*J\^ Sahnak, *./. a. See. cXiar^. 

j^V* Sahan-kar, a. s. Tolerable. 
_y^ Saho, 8. f. A. An error, mis- 
take, fault, inadvertency. Sahw-i- 
kdtib, An error of the copyist. Sahw- 
ul-qalam, An error or omission of 
the pen. 

I^^Sahwan, adv. a. Erroneously, 

J^^ Sahol, 5. m. H. A plummet. 

•■^^ Suhulat, 8.f. A. Facility, 
ease, smoothness, plainness. 

kyic^ Sahwaiya, s. m. s. A suf- 

(_5t-» Sahi, adv. s. Truly, indeed, 

^^1^ Sahi, a. p. Straight, s. f. A 
straight cypress tree. 

clit^ Suhail, *. m. a. p. The star 

4^5^^ Saheli, 8. f. s. Handmaids, 

fj^ Sai, 8.f. II. A wire-chain. 

,,5*« Si, a. p. Thirty. 

<2L Se, postpos. H. From, of, with- 
out of, by, with, since, to, through, 
than. a. of Sa, Like, q. v. 

,^5-» Sai, a. s. Hundred. 

7_H-» Saiyah, 8. m. a. A traveller, 
a pilgrim. 

cur».U^ Siyahat, 8. f. a. Travel- 
ling, a journey, voyage, pilgrimage. 

o^U*« Siyadat, 8.f. a. Dominion, 
rule, sovereignity, reigning, govern- 
j^-* Siyar, *. m. s. A jackal. 
j^ Saiyar, 8. m. a. A wanderer, 
a person taking the air or travelling 
for amusement, wandering, moving. 


( 333 ) 


Sj^ Saiyara, s. m. a. A planet. 

O.A.U-. Siyasat, 5./. a. 1. Govern- 
ment, administration of justice. 2. 
Punishment, pain, chastisement, 
pang, agony. S.-met} hond. To be 
in pain. 

o'-t** Siyaq, s. m. a. Arithmetic 
or enumeration by the Arabic alpha- 
bet (Abjad), accounts. 

JU-w Siyal, s. m. s. A jackal. 

Jl**» Saiyal, fl. A. Flowing rapid- 
ly like a torrent. 

*JLi*» Saiyala, «. m. a. A torrent. 

J.U-. Syam, s. m. s. A bird, a 
black cuckoo. 

UU*. Siyana, or Syana, a. h. Cun- 
ning, artful, clever, prudent; mature. 

^^L*« Syau-pan or -pana, 8. m. h. 
Cunning, art. 

tyLA^U*« Siyawushan, s, m. p. see 

«U^ Siyah, a. p. Black ; unfortu- 
nate, bad. S.-bakht, a. Unfortunate. 
S.-bakhti, s.f. Misfortune. S.-posA, a. 
Clad in black. S.-tdlii, a. Black- 
mouthed (horse), abusive whose curses 
prevail. S.-chashm, a. Black-eyed; 
unkind. S.-dil, a. Black-hearted; 
malevolent. S.-ru, a. Black-faced; 
unlucky, disgraced. S.-rozi, Adverse 
fortune. S.-fdm, a. Black. S.-qalam 
karnd, To delineate. S.-kdr, a. Wick- 
ed, tyrannical. S.-kdsa, a. Miser, nig- 
gard ; a sordid wretch. S.-karnd, To 
take an account of; S.-mast, a. 
Dead drunk. 

*aIa*. Siyaha, *. m. p. An account 
book or written account, a list, in- 

(J,jh^*» Siyah-gosh, s. m. p. An 
animal (Fells caracal or Persian lynx). 

i_j(kU*» Siyahi, s. f. p. Blackness, 

v-AX^ Seb, s. m. p. An apple. S.- 
i.-ghabghab, A double chin, dewlap. 

Sip, s.f, H. A shell; a kind 
of mango. 

«jLui» Si-para, s. m. p. Each one 
of the thirty sections, or the thirty 
sections into which the Quran is di- 

f-h^^ Siphal, s. m. 8. A fruit, 
(iEgle or Crativa marmelos.) 

ij^ Sipi, s.f. H. A shell. 

«i*Jt-> Sit, s. f. s. Dew, cold; 
wetness, moistness. S.-kdl, Winter. 

lijf*«» Sita, n. pr. f. s. Wife of 
Ramachandra. S.-phal, s. m. The 
Custard apple (Anona squamosa). 

wy^*» Sitras, s. m. s. The flux, 

Jj^ Sital, a. s. Cool. S.-pdti, 
s. f. A kind of fine cool mat. S.- 
chini.s.f. Allspice (Myrtus pimenta ) 

liii-w Saitna, or Setna, v. a. h. To 
take care of, keep carefully, husband. 

<SSlxm Sitang, s.m. s. Palsy. 

*«ii*» Sith, s. m. s. Boiled rice, or 
rice sowins, or gruel, s. f. Dregs of 
betel, or any thing that has been 

l«%w Sitha, a. s. Insipid, tasteless, 
weak, pale, sickly, pithiless. 

J^ Siti, s.f. H. Whistling. S.- 
bdz, A whistler. S. bajdnd, To whistle. 
S. bandhnd, S. gum hond, S, bhulnd. 
To be distracted or confounded. 

^ Sej, s. f. 8. A bed, bedding. 
S.-band, A cord for fastening bed- 
ding to the bedstead. 

^«» Sij, s. m. s. A species of Eu- 
phorbia (E. neriifolia). The milky 
hedge plant (E. antiquorum, &c.) 

'-is^ Sijna, V. n. s. 1. To exude, 
filtrate, sweat. 2. To seeth, boil, dis- 
solve or become soft by boiling. 3. 
To be received (as money), be liqui- 
dated (as a debt). 

li*^ Sichna, v, a. s. To water, 
to irrigate. 


( 334 ) 

iHi*» Sikh, s. f. P. A spit. S.-pa, a. 

Rearing, rearer (a horse). 
&sr^i:^ Sikh-cha. s. m. P. A skew- 
er, a small spit. 

w.UTUii*' Sikhiya-kababj s. m. p. 
Meat roasted on a spit. 

«>Jt*<» Saiyid,* s. m. A. 1 ; A lord, 
a prince. 2. A descendant of Husain 
the grandson of Muhammad. S.- 
ul-andm, (The prince of men and of 
all living creatures,) S.-ul-bushar, 
(The prince of mortals,) S.-ul-mar- 
salin, or -ambiyd, (The head of the 
apostles or prophets,) are epithets of 

*iLL<5o^ Sed-khana, s. m. A. p. A 
necessary, a privy. 

IJ^H-* Sedna, v. a. h. To stupe, to 

Uo-j*. Sidha, a. s. 1. Straight. 2. 
Opposite. 3. Simple. 4. Fair, candid. 
*. m. Provisions, victuals (uncooked). 
j^(A,Xx«, Sidhai, s. f. s. Straight- 
ness ; simplicity, candour. 

j^ Ser, a. p. Full, satiated, sa- 
ted, tired. S.-dnd or hond. To be 
distressed, tired of life. S.-chashn, 
Satisfied, contented with what one 

_j^^ Ser, s. m. s. Name of a weight 
(The Calcutta factory ser weighs 1 ft. 
13 oz. 13.86 drs. avoir, and the Ba- 
zar ser 2 fts. oz. 13.853 drs). 

j^ Sir, s. m. p. Garlic. 

^-wSair, s. f. a. Perambulation, 
taking the air, amusement, moving 
about; perusal. S. karnd, To take 
the air, to travel; to read, to peruse. 
S.-gah, s. f. Place of perambulation, 
passage, pass, thoroughfare. 

ji^ Siyar, s. pi. of Sirat, Quali- 
ties, dispositions. 

If^ Sira, a. s. Cool. s. m.A sweet- 
meat made of meal and sugar. 
vt;4-* ^er-ab, a, p. 1. Full of wa- 

ter or moisture, moist, succulent. 2. 

Fresh, blooming. 
j^l^juM. Serabi, s. f. p. Moistness, 

lJ|^A-» Serana, v, a. s. To set 

afloat ; to despatch ; to cool. 
i£>jXM Sirat,* s.f. a. Disposition, 

temperament, nature, qualities, way 

of life. 
iSj^ Seri, s. f. p. Satiety, re- 
pletion, fulness. 
lji-» Sira, *. m. s. A channel 

through which fields are watered. 
<_5*ji-w Sirhi, 8. f. H. A ladder, 

stair, step. 
js.i)x«, Sezdah, a. p. Thirteen. 
o^^ S^s, s. m. A. A groom. 
l««Ht*» Sisa, s. m. s. Lead. 
y^-* Siso, s. m. s. A kind of 

wood or name of a tree (Dalbergia 

^^ Saif, s. f. A. A sword. S.- 

bdn, s. m. A rocket which has a 

sword attached to its tail. S.-zabdn, 

a. One whose curses prevail. 

»-»**• Sif, s.f. A. Bank, margin, 

t^*» Saifi, s.f. A. Cursing. 

iSj^-ir* Sikri, s. f. s. A wire- 

!j^«» Sai-kara, or Saikra, adv. 
s. A hundred, per cent. 

*«^ Sikh, s.f. s. A"9monition, 
learning, lesson, study. 

IMHi-' Sikhna, v. a. s. To learn, 
to acquire. 

Jjj-i Sel, s. m. s. A spear. -Sil, 
s.f. Cold. s. m. Disposition; human- 
ity, generosity, politeness. 

cli« Sail, s. f. A. 1 . A flowing ; 
a current, torrent, flood. 2. (Cor. 
of Sair), Walking, promenade. 

^«» Sila, a. s. Cool, damp. 

v%-» Sail-^b, a. a. p. Abound- 

( 335 ) 


injf with water. *. m.f. A flood, tor- 
rent, deluge, stream. 

j^JIa*. Sail-abi, a. a. p. Relating 
to, or depending on a torrent, &c. 

^5AU*« Sail-ani, a, a. h. Fond of 

' walking about, perambulation, &c. 

^iji-w Sell, s. f. H. A necklace of 
threads worn by faqirs, a sash, belt. 

^ii^Seli, s.f. p. A blow with the 
edge of the open hand. 

(^^ Sim, s. m. p. Silver. S.- 
parast, a. Venal, selfish. S.-bar, a. 
Silver-bosomed ; with a bosom fair 
as silver. S.-badan, or S.-ian, Silver- 
bodied ; with a body fair as silver. 

^A*» Sem, s. f. s. The flat-bean. 

Ua.«« Sima, s. m. p. The forehead, 
face, countenance, aspect. 

v'^j*^'- Sim-ab, s. m. p. Quick- 

t5^UAA» Sini-abi, a. p. Like quick- 
silver or of the colour of quicksilver. 

c^*x«, Si-murgh, s. m. p. A fabu- 
lous bird ; a griffin. See Anqa. 

cUx«» Semal, s. m. s. A coarse 
kind of cotton or the tree producing 
it (Bombax heptaphyllum). 

(^■w Simi, a. p. Of silver, silver, 

U^xw Simiya, s. m. p. 1 . Alchy- 
my; magic, necromancy, enchant- 
ment. 2. Poetry, rhetorick. 

er!!*t*» Simin, a, p. Of silver, sil- 

e^A** Sain, *. /. s. A wink, sign 
signal. S. karnd, To beckon. 

e^Ji** Sen, postpos. h. see Se. h. 
t^*» Sin a, V. «. s. To sew, to 

Lij^ Send, V. a. s. see Sewna. 
clf^i-»Sembal, s. m. s. see Semal. 
jjftjJIiJjM* Saintalis, a. s. Forty- 

Uiixw Sentna, or Saintna, v. a. ii. 

To adjust, to put to rights. 
jjAjIijj^a Saintis,a. s.Thirty-seven. 
l^iijjwo Sentha, *. m. Senthi, s. f. 

H. A kind of reed of which moras 

are made; reed grass (Saccharum 

JSix'^ Sinchai, s. f. h. The price 

paid for irrigation. 
li:KH« Sinchna,r. a.s. To irrigate. 
d^xx^ Send, s. f. h. A vegetable 

(Cucumis Madraspatanus). 
ji^ix^ Sendur, "1 s.m. s. Red-lead, 
jj;>Aj;*« Sendur,J minium. 
}jjijj«, Sendh, s. m. s. A hole made 

in a wall by thieves. 
lA.>Ax«, Sendha, s. m. s. Rock-salt. 
LvAii^A*, Sendh-na, v. a. s. To 

mine, undermine. 
^jfc^Ajj*. Sendhi, s. f. h. The juice 

of the wild date-tree (Phoenix syl- 


Ua^*, Sendhiya, *. m. h. 1. 
Poison. 2. A thief, house-breaker, 
(from Sendh, q. v.) 3. A Marhatta 

iSlixw Senk, 5. m. h. Toasting, fo- 
mentation. S.'sdnk karnd. To toast 
or warm. 

tliixw Sink, s. f. H. The culm of 
the grass (Andropogon muricatura) 
of which brooms are made. 

^ix*. Sinkar, *. m. h. The flower 
of the Sink grass, v. s. 

fjiijj*. Senkra, a. s. See Sai-kard. 

ui^AJua Senkna, v. a. h. To toast, 
parch, warm before or with anything 

u^ixMi Sing, s. m. s. A horn. 
^^^ Singa, s. m. s. A horn (mu- 
LSj^-* Sengri, «./. h. A pod or 



( 336 ) 


ij^ij^ Singra, *. m. s. A powder 


t^A*» Singi, s. f. s. 1. A fish, 
(Silirus pungentissimus). 2. A cup 
for cupping. 3. A horn (musical). 
S. lagdnd. To cup. 

*f4-« Sinh, s. m. h. A hedgehog. 

4AJ-* Sina, s. m. p. Breast, bosom. 
S.-afgar, Wounded in the bosom. 
S.-figdri, s.f. The having the bosom 
wounded, afflicted, or troubled. S.- 
bdz, The name of a bird. S.-basta, 
Locked up in the heart, a secret. S.- 
band, s. m. Stays, boddice. S.-chdk, 
a. Bosom-torn, afflicted. S.-chdki, 
s.f. Affliction. S.-hhardshi, s.f. La- 
ceration of the breast, affliction. 
S.-resA, a. Wounded to the heart, af- 
flicted. S.-zan, One who beats his 
breast at the festival of the Mohiir- 
rum. S.-zani, s. f. Beating of the 
breast. S.-zor, a. Robust, proud of 
strength. S.-zori, s. f 1. Strength, 
robustness, force. 2. Pride of power. 

, S.-sokhta, or S.-soz, a. Tormented, 
distressed. S.-sozi, s. f. Anguish, 
torment. S,-hobi, s. f. Beating the 

l^^-w Senhua, s. m. s. A tetter. 

^ij}** Sun, s. f. p. A salver, tray, 

>>-• Sew, *. m. p. An apple. 

jt^xw Sewar, s. m. s. see Siwar. 

(VjA*. Sewti, s. f. s. A white rose 
(Rosa glandulifera). 

JUj^xw Suyur-ghal, s. p. A fief, 
a feudal tenure. 

bj^ Sewra, s. m. s. Trophis as- 

(•,>**• Siyiim, a. v. Third. 

ii)j^ Si wan, s. m. s. A seam. 

ij^juMi Sewna, v. a. s. 1. To brood, 
rear, sit, incubate, hatch. 2. To at- 
tend on, serve. 

^.>i*« Syuntha, s. m, h. Tongs. 

e>iSi*» Sewain, s. f. s. Vermicelli, 
I macaroni. 

A^ Siyah, a. v. Black. 

\.A4i^«. Sehathna, v. a. h. To 

«>A4Js«, Sehund, s. m. s. The Eu- 
phorbia or milk-hedge plant. 

(_5^*« Sehi, s. f. H. A porcupine. 

{J> Shin is the thirteenth letter 
of the Arabic and sixteenth of the 
Persian Alphabet. Its sound is that 
of the English sh and French ch. 
In denoting numbers by Abjad it 
stands for 300. It is used as an ab- 
breviation of Shamdl (North), and in 
dates of letters, &c., for the month 
Shabdn. In Persian it may be used, 

1. To mark the pronoun of the third 
person singular in an oblique case 
when it is joined to another word. 

2. To form the verbal noun or noun 
of action (Hasil-bi-l-masdar), as 
Parsish, Asking; Sozish, Burning, 

vU Shabb, *. m. a. A youth. 

^IjU Shabash, interj. p. Bravo ! 
excellent ! 

j_^ljLi Shabashi, s. f. p. Praise, 

<J^^-»' Shabash, p. contr. of ij>^^. 

^t« Shakh, s. f. p. 1. A bough, 
branch of a tree. 2. A horn. S. dar 
shdkk. Branched out or diffused. S,-i- 
zqfardn, (a twig of saffron), A proud, 
conceited person. S.-shdne, Reports, 

jlii^U Shakh-dar, a. p. Branchy; 

jL.^LA Shakh-sar, s. f. p. A gar- 
den, bower. 

Jj^l» Shakhiil, s. m. p. A kind 
of grain (Cytisus cajan). 


( 337 ) 


Ai.Li Shakha, *. m. p. The pil- 
lory, a yoke. 

^'-i Shad, a. p. Pleased, delight- 
ed, cheerful, exulting. 

wbLA Shadab, a. p. Fresh, ver- 
dant, moist, pleasant, agreeable, suc- 
culent, s. Fresh herbage. 

^ti\i^^ Shadabi, s. /. p. Freshness, 
verdure, moisture. 

lyl^Ui Shadan, a. p. see Shad. 

j\jc>.i,lS, Shad-khwar, a. p. Volup- 
tuous, s.f. Adulteress, strumpet. 

J^jLA Shad-dil, a. p. Cheerful, 
delighted, happy. 

j»(^^L.i Shad-kam, a. p. Joyous, 
happy, contented. 

j^xl^oLA Shad-kami, s. f. p. Glad- 
ness, happiness, delight, content. 

cjU^tw Shad-man, a. p. Pleased, 
delighted, joyful, cheerful. 

j^U^ti Shad-mani, s.f. p. Plea- 
sure, delight, joy, rejoicing. 

aol-i Shada, a. p. Joyful, glad. 

t5iL* Shadi, s. f. p. 1. Pleasure, 
delight, joy. 2. Marriage, festivity, 
rejoicing. S.-marg, s.f. An easy 
death ; death from joy. a. Dying 
easily or from joy. 

&jL.jLi Shadiyana, a. p. Relating 
to marriage or rejoicings, s. m. Mu- 
sic and singing at marriages or on 
other festive occasions. 5*. bajdna, 
To triumph. 

il^ Shazz, a. a. Uncommon, 
miraculous, wonderful ; irregular. 
adv. Seldom. 

^jUi Shari,* *./. a. A high road. 
s. m. A law-giver. S.-i-dmm, A pub- 
lic road. 

oj^ Shariq, s. m. a. The sun. 

iJj^ Sharak, s. m. p. A species 

of nightingale. 
jl^li, Shastr, s. m. s. Hindu re- 
ligious books. 

2 X 

cP'-* Shdsh, or Shasha, s. p. 
Urine. S.-ddn, Bladder; urinal. 

j^^ Shatir, a. a. 1. Wanton. 2. 
Clever, sly. Svhstantively, 1. A chess- 
player. 2. A messenger. 

j^^ Shair,* ^ «. m. a. A poet. 

f^jtlSt Shairi, s.f. a. Poesy, versi- 

Ll*t<« Shaghil, p. a. a. Occupied, 
employed, attentive. 

^1-* Shafi, p. a. a. Deprecating, 
interceding. Substantively, An inter- 
cessor, advocate, patron. 

(j«Li Shafii, n. pr. a. One of the 
chiefs of the four principal sects of 
the Muhammadans. a. Following 
the sect of Shafii. 

*iLA Shaffa, s. m. a. A bougie, 
pessary, suppository. 

^J'^ Shafi, p. a. A. Healing, sa- 
lutary; a healer. S.-i-haqiqi, An 
epithet of the Deity. 

o'-w Shaqq,"] a. a. Difficult, per- 

*»'-» Shaq 




yi-** Shakir, a. a. Grateful, prais- 
ing, thanking. 

^/^ Sliaki, /?. a. a. Comi)laining, 
querulous, s. m. A complainer, a 

iij^lS, Shagird, s. m. p. A scho- 
lar, disciple, apprentice, servant. S.- 
pesha, s m.A servant. S.-i-rashid, s.m. 
A complete scholar ; an apt scholar. 

^i^Li Shagirdi, s. f p. Learn- 
ing, studying, apprenticeship. 

JIA Shal, 5. /. 8. 1. A shawl. 2. 
A wood (Shorea robusta). S.-bdb, 
s- m. Shawl cloths. S.-bdf, s. m. A 

^^ Shiili, s. m. s. Rice, paddy. 
a. Made of shawl. 

j*^ Sham, *, /. p. Evening, s. m. 
(a.) Syria. 


( 338 ) 


ULi Shama, s. m. 8. 1. A little 
bird so called. 2. A kind of grain 
(Panicum colonum,or frumentaceum). 

^LoU Shamakh, *. m. p. see Sha- 
ma (.2), 

«i.x)U Shaniat, *. /. a. Bad for- 
tune, adversity. Shamit, p. a. Laugh- 
ing at another's misfortune. 

j^^xU Shamati, a. A. Unfortu- 

^LA Shamikh, p. a. a. High, 
elevated ; proud. 

i-SXjcii, Shamuk, *. s. A kind of 
Helix from whose shells lirae is 

jjl^U Sham-gah, s. f. p. Evening, 

JajL* Shamil,t lidv. a. Together. 
prep. With, along with. a. United, 
confederated, p. a. Including, com- 
prising, communicating. S.-hdl, or 
S-i-hdl, Connected from circumstan- 
ces, of similar circumstances, com- 
prising circumstances. S. karnd, To 

o3UU Shamilat, pi. of Shamil, 
A. The concerns that comprise (all 
parts) ; partnership. 

&«ti Shamma, s. m. a. The sense 
of smelling. 

fj^^ Shami, a. a. Syrian, rela- 
ting to Syria. 

AiLoLi Shaniiyana, s. m. p. A ca- 
nopy, awning. 

c;LA Shan, 5. /. a. 1. Business, 
aflfair. 2. Dignity, pomp, state, con- 
dition, degree. 3. Constitution, na- 
ture, disposition. 

cjl^ Shan, s. m. p. A honey-comb. 

jl^iLi Shan-dar, s. a. p. A person 

of state and dignity, a man of rank. 
*it-i Shana, *. m. p. 1 . A comb. 
2. A shoulder. Charon shdne chit- 
parnd, To fall at full length on the 

^^<JjLA Shana-sar, s. p. A bird 

(the hoopoe or hudhud). 
Ji'-i Sliali, s. m. p. 1. A king, a 
prince. 2. A title assumed by faqirs. 
3. The king in chess, a. Excelling, 
excellent, great, principal. S.-bdz, 
a. Royal, noble, s. tn. A royal falcon. 
S.'ballut, s. m. Chestnut. S.-kkurdi, 
s. f, A kind of sweetmeat used on 
great occasions. S.-tir, s. m. A beam. 
S.-khdwar, s. m. The sun. S.-dard, 
s. m. or S.-rdh, sf. The highway. S.- 
zddagi, s.f. 1. The period of the mi- 
nority of a prince. 2. Youthful folly, 
foolish pride. S.-zdda, s. m. A 
prince, a prince royal. S.-sawdr, A 
good rider. S.-gdm, a. Pleasant-faced 
(a horse), s. Name of a particular 
pace of a horse. S.-i-gardun, s. m. 
The sun. S.-ndma, s.f. A celebrat- 
ed epic poem containing the history 
of the kings of Persia, written by Far- 
dusi. S.-i-mashriq, or S.-i-ntmroz, 
s. m. The sun. S.-wdr, a. Princely, 
fit for a king. 
yi2l-- Shah-alu, s. m. p. A cherry. 
*JI»l^ Shah-ana, a. v. Royal, 
princely. *. m. A kind of dress worn 
by a bridegroom. 
^rJsLi Shah-tara, s. m. p. Olden- 

landia biflora. 
i>ALi Shahid,* *. m. a. A witness, 
(in Pers.) *. m. f. A sweetheart ; a 
female friend ; a beloved object. 
S.-i-hdl, A witness of facts. S.-t- 
roz, s. m. The sun. 
4_5>jALt Shahidi, s.f. a. Evidence, 

jjtiJjiUi Shahanshah, *. m. p. 
King of kings, an emperor, a title 
adopted by the old kings of Persia. 
S.-i-falak, s. m. The sun. 
j^LioA'.^ Shahanshahi, *. /. p. 

Empire, a. Imperial. 
!>*l-- Shah-wa, a. p. Princely, 


( 339 ) 

^^U Shahi, s.f. P. Reign, sove- 

" reignty. ». m. A follower of the 
sect of All. a. Royal. 

tHi*^ Shahin, *. m. p. A royal 
white falcon. 

vyLji-i Shayan, a. P. Legal, wor- 
thy, suitable, agreeable. 

AxjLi Shaiba, *. m. a. Mixture, 
pollution, stain ; doubt, suspicion. 

.iol-i Shayad, adv. p. Possibly, 
probably, may be so, perchance, 
perhaps. S.-ki-bdshad, Perhaps it 
may be. 

j^^i-oU Shayastagi, *. /. p. Affa- 

' bility, fitness, aptitude, propriety. 

Ai-»jl-» Shayasta, a. p. Worthy, 
honourable, suitable, proper, well- 
bred, polite. S.-mizdj, a. Affable, 
mild, good-tempered. 

C^l-i Shai,j9. «. A. 1. Divulged, 
published, diffused. 2. Distressed. 

(Jjl.A Shaiq, a. a. Full of desire, 
lascivious, desirous. 

^ Shab, S.f. P. Night. S.-bdsh, 
s. One who stays all night, a lodger. 
S.-bdshi, s. f. Staying all night, 
nightly lodging. S.-ba-khair, Good- 
night, salutation at night. S.-i-bardt, 
s. f. The 14th day of the month 
Shaban on which Musalmans make 
offerings and oblations in the names 
of deceased relations. See Barat. 
S.-beddr, a. Waking or watching all 
night, sleepless. S.'para, s. m. A 
bird of night (as a bat, owl, &c.) S.- 
i-tdr or tdrik, A dark night. S.-khwd- 
bi, s. f. Night-clothes. S.-khun, s. m. 
Night attack. S.-khuni, s. f. Rob- 
bery at night. S.-khezi, Rising at 
night (to pray). S.-gard, A watch- 
man. S.-gardi, sf. Watching at night. 
S.-i-mdh, s. f. Light night, moon- 
light. S.-o-roz, Night and day. 
V~^ Shabb, s. m. a. Alum, 
v'^ Shabab, ^. m. a. Youth, 
prime of life. 


jpjbj, Shaba-roz, adv. v. Night 
and day ; always. 

V^l*^ Shaba-shab, adv. p. In 
the night time, during the night. 

cjlf* Shuban, *. m. p. A shep- 
herd, pastor. 

AJlA-i Shab-ana, adv. p. By night. 
a. Nocturnal. S.-roz, The civil day 
of 24 hours. 

o>JkUJi Shabahat, s. /. a. Simila- 
rity, resemblance. 

y»_^ Shab-bo, s, m. p. Polyan- 
thes tuberosa. 

^^ Shabah, * 5. m. a. A body. 

jjiVxw Shabdez, *. m. p. A black 
horse of extraordinary size belong- 
ing to king Khusrau Parwez ; a black 
horse, a horse of noble breed. 

iSjjxi. Shab-deg, s. f. p. A dish 
composed of meat and turnips dress- 
ed all night before the fire. 

^■» Shibr, *. m. a. A span in 

^j^ Shab-rang, a. p. Dusky or 
dark-coloured (horse); name of a 
horse of Siyavush. 

lyliUxA Shabistan, s. m, p. A bed- 

jy^ Shab-kor, a. p. Night blind. 

ijS)j^^ Shab-kori, s, f. p. The 
night blindness. 

iii*^ Shabak, *. ;?/. o/*^. 

*H* Shabaka, s. m. a. \. h. net. 
2. A lattice, a reticulated veil. 

gl^ Shab-gah, *./. p. 1. Night- 
place to keep anything in ; night- 

jXx-i Shab-gaz, *. p. A flea. 

jJ^ Shab-gir, *. m. p. 1. A 
cricket. 2. A nightingale or any ani- 
mal that sings during the night. 3. 
A servant that works or travels in 
the night time. 4. Early dawn. 5* 

( 340 ) 


Nightly march, nocturnal invasion. 
6. part. Travelling by night, (a cara- 
van or traveller). 

^'xxS> Shab-nam, s. f. p. Dew. *. m. 
A kind of fine linen. 

^•^ Shab-bo, s. m. p. A flower- 
ing ])lant (the Egyptian violet) that 
smells at night. 

*f« Shabah, s. m. a. An image, 
resemblance, similitude. 

Afi Shiba, or Shaba, s. m. p. A 

*f>-^ Slmbha, s. m. a. Doubt, sus- 

*j-i^« Shab-ina, a. p. Nocturnal, 
nightly ; last night's, stale. 

*if^ Shabih, a. a. Alike, resem- 
bling, sf. A picture, a likeness. 

l^ Shappa, s. m. h. A butt or 

mark for archers. 
j^ Shappar, "^ 5. p. A bat ; 

?/x^Shappara,J contr. of Xj^.*-r^ 

ti« Shita, s. m. a. Winter. 

Li-i Shatta, a. a. Distinct, differ- 
ent, various. 

Ul^ Shitab, s. m. v. Haste, 
quickness, a. Quick, speedy, adv. 
Quickly, expeditiously, soon. S.-bdz 
a. Hasty, expeditious. 

(^jIa-A Shitabi, adv. p. Quick, 
hastily, s.f. Quickness, haste, ex- 

k^lLi Shitalang, s. m. p. The 

jsli-i Shattah, a, a. see ^Lk«»- 

y^ Shutur, s. m, p. A camel. 
S.-bdn, A camel-driver or keeper. S.- 
dil, a. Timid. S.-dili, s. f. Timid- 
ity. S.-i-be-mahdi', a. Incorrigible, 
refractory. S.-sawdr, Mounted on a 
camel. S.-ghamza, Wickedness, de- 
ceit. S.-qaidr, A string of camels; 
a series, line, row. S.-kina, a. Bear- 
ing malice, (the camel being remark- 

able for doing so). S.-gdm, s. A 
camel step. S.-murgh, s. ??». An 
ostrich. S.-ndl, s. f. A small gun 
carried on a camel. 

iSj^ Shuturi, s. f. V. 1. A kind 
of kettledrum. 2. A colour so called. 

(t^ Shatm, s. m. a. Contumely, 
reproach, contempt, outrage, injury, 

ij^Ji-w Shatta, a. a. see LS-i Shatta. 

^l^"** Shujd, a. A. Brave. 

vi.isLsr*' Shujaat, or Shajaat, s.f. a. 

j^'*' Shajar,* s. m. a. A tree, a 
plant. Sh.-ndma, see the next word. 

Xj^^ Shajara, s. m. a. A list of 
saints or holy predecessors (in the 
manner of a genealogical tree) given 
to disciples. 

js^ Shaja, s. m. a. Valour, bra- 

^J'dxx^" Shahnai, *. /. a. Superin- 


&ijsr^ Shahna, s. m. a. 1. A vice- 
ro}', lieutenant, representative. 2. A 
superintendent of police. 3. A ser- 
vant or peon of a tax collector. 

^ Shakh, s. v. Anything hard, 
hard ground, top of a hill. 

u^^s^ Shakhs,* s. m. a. A per- 
son, body, individual. 

ij>x,&s:-^ Shakhsiyat, s. f. a. No- 
bility, rank, humanity. 

I«>-^ Shadda, s. m. a. The ban- 
ners that are carried with the Tqziya 
in the Muharram. 

c^icy^ Shud-biid, adv. p. So so. 

cji^-i Shiddat, *. /.a. 1. Violence, 
force, vehemence. 2. Adversity, af- 
fliction, difficulty. 

jt^.xA Shudkar, «. m. p. 1. Ground 
tilled and sown. 2. A person whose 
business it is to examine the state of 
a harvest. 3. Survey, valuation. 

( 341 ) 

,^A^ Shudani, s. /. p. Occur- 
rence, coming to pass. a. Practicable, 

o.xij<>.Ji Shadd-o-madd, a. Due em- 
pbasis (in reading aloud). 

JSixJi Shuda, j9. p. p. Become, gone, 

^,^^ Shadid, a. A. 1. Difficult. 2. 
Afflicting. 3. Violent, strong, intre- 
^ Sharr, s. f. a. Wickedness, 
depravity, malignancy. 

1^ Shira, s, m. a. Purchase, sale, 

^j^ Shara, s. m. a. An eruption 
of j)imples on the skin. 

vLr-^ Sharab, s. f. a. Wine, spi- 
rituous liquor. S.-i-purtugdliy Por- 
tugal wine, port. Shardban-tahurd, 
Nectar. S.-khana, s. m. A tavern. 
S.-khwdr, Drinking wine. S.-khwdri, 
s. f. Wine-drinking, drunkenness. 
S.-zada, a. Indisposed or affected 
with wine. 

,«jiyi Sharabi, s. m. a. A drunk- 

ii^j^ Shraddha, s. m. s. See 

j\j^ Sharar, s. m. a. K spark or 
sparks of fire. 

ojl^ Siiararat, s. f. a. W^icked- 
ness, vice, mischief, depravity, vil- 

ij^j^ Sharara, s. a. A spark of 

•^*i^ Sharafat, s.f. a. Nobility. 

%£^i[yS, Sharakat, s.f. a. Partner- 

■^1^ Sliarayit, s.f. pi. of ^j^. 1. 
Agreements, stipulations. 2. Signs, 

cj^ Shurb, s. m. a. Drinkin<^. 

«^J;^ Shaibat, s. m. a. 1. Sher- 
bet, beverage, drink. 2. The dose of 

a medicine. S.-ddr, s. m. A servant 
who has the charge of the water, 
wine, &c. ; a butler. 

j^jiJ^ Sharbati, *. /. a. 1. A 
kind of lime or lemon. 2. Name of 
a colour. 

^7'i Sharh, s. /.a. 1. Explana- 
tion, commentary, description. 2. 
Allowance, pay, rate. S.-wdr, adv. 
j^ Sharar, s. m. a. Sparks of 
fire. S.-bdr, Raining sparks of fire. 

Sjj-^ Sharza, a. p. Raging, fierce, 

Js,-^ Shart,* s.f. a. 1. Condition, 
agreement, stipulation. 2. Wager. 
3. Sign, mark, signal. S.-bart, s. f. 
Advantage, success, profit, succeed- 
ing in one's undertaking. Kuchh 
shartbart huif Did you get any- 
thing by ? &c. 

^^^J'^ Sharti, a. a. ConditionaK 
s. f. A lottery. 

^j^ Shara, s. m. a. 1. The pre- 
cepts of Muhammad, law, equity. 2. 
A high road. 

j«c^ Shari, «. A. 1. Conformable 
to the Sharsi, lawful, religious. 5. f. 
Tight drawers. 

^i/^ Sharaf, s. m. a. Nobility, 
e.xcellency, rank, eminence. 

IV* Sharafa, s. pi. of «-ftJ^« 

tir- Sharq, s. m. a. 1. The east. 
2. Rising. 

^Jj^ Sharqi, a. a. Eastern, ori- 

«i)/i Shirk, s. m. A. I. Company, 
society, partnership. 2. Paganism, 
infidelity, (i. e. ascribing plurality to 
the deity.) 

oJ^ Shirkat, *. /. a. Partner- 
ship, society. 

^j-*> Sharm, s. f. p. Bashfulness, 
modesty, shame. 


( 342 ) 

^j^loj^ Shanna-sharmi, adv. p. 

IjUjM, Sharmana, v. n. p. h. To 
be abashed or ashamed, to feel 

^U^ Sharm-au, a. p. h. ~\ 

^^iLojM, Sharm-gin, a. p. > 

(illAX)^ Sharm-nak, a. p. h. J 
Bashful, ashamed, modest, coy. 

j_jf.iJ^A Sharmandagi, s.f. p. 1. 
Bashfulness, modesty. 2. Shame, 

86AiC^«i Sharmanda, a. p."l Blush- 

3^^-<w Sharniila, a. p. h. J iiig, 
abashed, ashamed, bashful, modest. 

fj>j-i Shuru,t s. m. a. Beginning, 

ij^ Shara, s. m. a. Desire, appe- 
tite, avidity, gluttony. 

«Lf/« Shira, or Shara, see 1/^. 

cjW/^ Shiryan,* s. f. a. An arte- 
ry (^pl. Shirain). 

jij^ Sliarir,* a. a. Vicious, wick- 

*^xiy», Shai-iat, s. f. a. The laws 
of Muhammad ; law, justice, equity. 

«-flJ^ Sharif,* a. a. Noble, emi- 
nent. S.-i-Makka, The prince of 

*«ir" Sharifa, s. m. a. A custard 
apple (Annona squamosa). 

'^j^ Sharik, s. m. a. A partner ; 
a friend. 

«i"-~w Shast, *. /. p. I. Aim. 2. 

A large fishing hook. 3. The handle 
of a bow. 4. A thumbstal (used to 
defend the thumb in pulling the 
string of a bow). S.-justa, Shot 
from a bow (an arrow). 
^-«jo««^ Shust-o-shu, s. f. P. 

Shusta, a. p. Washed ; 
dressed, prepared. S. guft-gu, Pure 



t>^ Shush, s. m. p. The lungs. 
Dard-i-shush, The peripneumony. 

iJ*^ Shash, a. p. Six. S.-o-panj, 
(sixes and fives,) Confusion, perplexity; 

jiixiJi Shash-dar, s. m. p. A cub 
a die. a. Wonderful, confounding 

UjKiJi Shushkarna, v. n. h. s. 
To set on a dog by the sound Shush. 

^^^^JUM, Shushkari, s. f. h. s. Im- 
pelling a dog to the chase. 

^M^ Shashum, a. p. Sixth. 

ia^ Shatt, s. A. Bunk of a river. 
^Ua^ Shattah, a. a. Meretricious, 

lascivious, obscene. 
f^J^ Shatranj, s. f. a. Chess. 

S.-bdz, A chess-player. 
,js^J^ Shatranji, s. f. a. A kind 

of carpet. S.-bdf, A carpet-weaver. 
j[*M, Shidr, s. m. a. 1. An under 

garment. 2. Mark, signal, sign. 3. 

Habit, custom, method, manner. 

(jyVx.w Shiciri, a. a. Of or relating 
to custom. 

c U.i Shua,* s.f. a. Light, splen- 
dour, lustre, the rays of the sun, 

^^l*-- Shudi, a. A. Of or relating 
to the sun's rays. 

ii;Ux-i Shaban, s. m. a. The 
eighth Arabian month. 'I'he 14th 
day of this month is the festival 
called Barat, q. v. 

j!4>^*.i Shabada, s. m. p. Slight of 
hand, conjuration. S.-bdz, s. m. A 
juggler, conjurer. S.-bdzi, s.f. Con- 
juration, &c. 

*^«^ Shuba, s. m. a. The fissure 
of a rock in which water stands, a 
small channel in which water flows, 
especially through the sand. Shiba, 
A road or pass between mountains. 

j*^ Shir,* s. m. a. Poetry, verse. 
S.-hhwdn%, s. f. Reading or studying 
, poetry. 



( 343 ) 



\j*^ Sluiara, s. pi. ofj^^. 

aIjuA Simla, s. m. a. Flame, 
blaze, light, flash. S.-nfshdn, or S.- 
fishdn. Scattering flame; flame-scat- 
terer. S.-bdr, a. Raining flames. S,- 
pesha, a. Flame in practice, burn- 
ing as a flame. S.-khezi, s. f. 'Ihe 
rising up or exciting of flame. S - 
rukh, a. Flame faced, having a bright 

jjXM, Shuur, s. m. a. Wisdom, in- 
telligence, knowledge, discernment. 

Jlixi Shaghal, s. m. p. A jackal. 

V*-^ Shaghab, s. m. a. Noise, 

cU-i Shughl,* s. m, a. Occupa- 
tion, employment. 

U^ Shifa, *. /. A. Cure, remedy, 
healing, recovery, convalescence. 

c^cli-i Shafaat, s, f. a. Depreca- 
tion, intercession, recommendation, 

o^ Shaffaf, a. a. Transparent, 
clear, very thin. 

^ilA^ Shaffafi, s. f. A. Transpa- 

t5^ Sliifai, n, pr. p. Name of a 
Persian poet. 

•^Ai Shafat, 8. m. a. The mouth, 
the lip. 

yUki^ Shaft-alii, s. m. p. A peach ; 
the colour of the flower of the peach 

*«aA Shufa, s. m. a. Any pos- 
session coveted. Haqqi-shuja, Right 
of pre-emption in favour of a person 
whose possessions adjoin to a land 
offered for sale. 

0^ Shafaq, s. in. a. 1. Evening, 
twilight. 2. Condolence, sympathy, 
kindness. 3. Fear. 

4jft^ Shafaqi, a. a. Like or rehi- 
ting to the evening, twilight. 

^i-AAi Shafaqat,* «. /. a. Cle- 

mency, compassion, kindness, affec- 

j^aA Shafi, a. a. 1. Advocate, 
patron. 2. Possessing a right of pre- 
emption founded on contiguity (See 
Shufa). S.-i-jdr, The occupant of 
ground which is simply in the neigh- 
bourhood of another estate. S.-i-kha- 
Ut, The occupant of ground in actu- 
al contact or intermixed with another 
estate. (The right of pre-emption is 
stronger in the latter than in the for- 
mer case.) . 

Ix^Ai Shafia, s. m. a. A kind of 
Persian character or hand-writing. 

(3j^ Shafiq, a. a. Merciful, com- 
passionate; affectionate, kind. 

(JM» Shaqq, s. m. a. 1 . Trouble, 
labour, suspense. 2. Dawn of day. 
3. A fissure, crack, rent. Sh. hond, 
To be torn, split, rent, &c. 

(3-^ Shiqq, s. f. a. A piece of a 

plank, staff, robe, &c. (split or torn 
off lengthwise), the half of a thing, 
the side of a mountain ; a brother, 
a friend ; hardship. 

ojta-i Shaqawat, s. /. a. Misery, 
disgrace, poverty, villainy. 

(3jtfi^ Shaqaiq, s. m. a. A tulip. 

jl<>^ Shiqq-dar, s. m. A. p. An 
officer appointed to collect the reve- 
nue from a certain division of land. 
a. Perplexing, uncertain. 

f^JdkS, Shiqq-d^ri, s. f. a. p. 1. 
The business of a Shiqq-ddr. 2. Per- 
plexity, uncertainty. 

*Ja-i Shuqqa, s. m. a. A royal or- 
der, a letter (especially from a supe- 

^5ft-i Shaqi, a. a. Wretched, mi- 
serable ; villainous, vicious. 

&Mt^ Siiaqiqa, s. m. a. The tem- 
ples (of the head). 

^i^ Shakk, *. m. a. Doubt, sus- 
pense, hesitation, uncertainty. 


( 344 ) 

J^ Shikar, s. m. p. 1. Hunting, 
cbase. 2. Pre)', game. 3. Plunder. 
4. Perquisites, S-afgan, Game-kill- 
er. S.-bdz, s.m. A sportsman. S.- 
band, s. m. Cords, &c., for tying game 
(to a horse's saddle). S.-gdh, s. f. 
Place for hunting in. 

is}^ Shikari, a. p. Of the chase, 
relating to the chase or hunting, s. 
m. A fowler. 

«^j^ Shikayat, 5. /. a. Lamenta- 
tion, complaint, accusation. 

j^ Shukr, s. m. a. Thanks, grati- 
tude. S.-guzdr, Grateful. S.-guziri, 
s.f. Gratitude. S.-i-niamat, An ac- 
knowledgment of favour. Shakr, s- /■ 
1. Vulva. 2. Coitus. 

_y^ Shakar, or Shakkar, s. f. p. 
Sugar. S.-khd, Chewing sugar. S.- 
bhatd, s. m. A kind of sweetmeat 
made of rice, butter, and sugar. 5'.- 
khand, a. Smiling sweetly, speaking 
gently with a smile of love, charm- 
ing, gracious, amiable. S.-rez, a. 
Scattering sugar, mellifluous. S- 
farosh, A seller of sugar (met.) a 
mistress. S.-guftar, a. Speaking 
agreeably, eloquent. S.-lab. a. Su- 

^\1mjS^ Shakar-istan, *. p. A 
place where sugar-canes grow ; su- 
gar plantation. 

i^ljSJ, Shukr- an a, s. m. a. p. 

^b^i^ Shakar-para, s. m. p. A 
kind of sweetmeat. 

«>-^,^ Shakar-qand, s. m. p. 
Sweet-potatoes (Convolvulus bata- 

%^ Shikra, s. m. p. A hawk, 

(Sj^ Shakarf, s. f. p. A kind of 
pkdlsd, so called (Grewia Asiatica). 

•^^---^ Shikast, s. f. p. Breaking, 
fracture, deficiency, loss, defeat, a. 
Broken, odd, uneven, unpaired. iS.- 

Broken off, interrupted 

ited, jl 

khurda, a 

j_jtiLXi Shikastagi, s. f. p. Break- 
ing, brokenness; defeat, sickness, 

*A~*^ Shikasta, p. p. p. Broken, 
bankrupt, sick, s. m. A kind of wri- 
ting, the Persian running hand. S.- 
bdl, or S.-par, Distressed, broken 
down, wretched. S.-bdli, s. f. Dis- 
tress, wretchedness, affliction. S.' 
pd, a. Infirm, broken down, reduced. 
S.-pcii, sf. Infirmity, wretchedness. 
S.-hdl, a. Distressed, wretched, bro- 
ken down, ruined. S.-hdli, s. f. In- 
digence, distress, wretchedness. S.- 
kkdtir, a. Distressed in mind, afflic- 
ted, offended. S.-dil, a. Distressed, 
afflicted. S.-dili, s f. Distress, af- 
fliction. S.-rang, a. Altered in co- 
lour (from affliction), S.-rangi, s.f. 
Altered colour (from affliction). S.- 
u-qda, (Broken engagements), a. 

J^ Shakl,*5./. A. Shape, form, 
effigy, appearance, semblance, mode. 
S.-navis, s. m, A portrait painter, S.- 
i-misali, s.f. A model, a pattern. 

/♦^ Shikam,or Shikm, s. m. p. 
The belly. Sh.-banda, An epicure. 

e^ Shikan, s. f. p. 1. Shrink- 
ing, shrivelling, constringing. 2. A 
curl, ply, fold, furrow, wrinkle, p. a. 
(In comp.) Breaking, breaker. 

&s^ Shikanja, s. m. p. 1. Stocks 
(for the legs). 2. Boards in which 
binders press books, 3. A press. 4. 
Rack, torment, torture. [defeat. 

^_^^ Shikani, s. f. p. Breaking, 

^^ Shakau, > s. m. a. Coni- 

ly^ Shiikwa, L plaint, upbraid- 

j!^xi SliakwajJ ing. 

2,5Ji Shikoh, or Shukoh, s. f. p. 
Dignity, state, grandeur, pomp, 

Ji>^ Shakwa, s, m. see ^^. 


( 345 ) 


t5^<" Shakki, a, a. Doubtful, per- 
plexinf^r. S.-mizdj, a. Undetermined, 
wavering, hesitating. 

Vi^ Shikeb, s. f. p. Patience. 

tjj^^ Shikeba, a. v. Patient. 

^yLux«i Shikebai, s.f. p. Patience, 
exerting patience, toleration, long- 

dxS^ Shakil, Ha. a. Well-sha- 

^j^^ Shakildjj ped, handsome. 

ol^ Shigaf, 5. m. p. Split, rent, 
fissure, crack, crevice. 

iJjLi> Shlgarf, a. p. Rare, fine, 
great, good, of great retinue and 
state, powerful, beautiful, excellent, 
glorious, vehement, strong. 

•i-Ati Shigift, or Shikift, s. m. p. 
Wonder, astonishment. 

^hLi> Shuguftagi, s. f. p. Ex- 
panding of a flower, blooming ; de- 
light, astonishment. 

Alati, Shugufta, p. p. p. Expand- 
ed, blooming, blown (as a flower). 
Sh.-hond, 1. To be blown. 2. To be 

(^^ Sliugun, s. m. p. see cJ>^. 

^^j^ Shuguni, ''i «. m. p. see 

Ij^j^ Shuguniya,J liJ>^. 

a,>jt^ Shugufa, or Shigufa, s. m. 
p. A flower, a bud. S. land. To bud, 
to put forth young shoots ; to pro- 
duce something new and wonderful. 

iij>^ Shugiin, s. m. p. Augury, 

t^j^^ Shuguiiiya, s. m, p. A di- 
viner, augur, explainer of omens. 

ti^ Shall, a. A. One who can 
take nothing in his hands, paralytic, 
having the hand luxated. 

(3^ Shalaq, s.f. a. Flagellation, 

liH■,•^^ Shalbin, s, ii. Vice in a 

jr^ Shaikh, *. /. A. 1. A round 

2 Y 

of musketrj', discharge, volley. 2. 
Sperma viri, semen. 3. Vulva. 
I*«L^ Shalgham, *. m. p. A turnip. 
{jr^^ Shalq, 5. /. a. 1. see Shaikh. 
2. A beating with a whip. 3. Coitus. 
'^^^ Shalak, s. a. for Shalq, v. s. 
j^j^ Shalwar, or Shilwar, s. m. p. 

(i' Shaliika, s. m. h. A child's 

aljkLi Shalita, s. m. it. A canvass 
sack in which baggage is fastened 
previously to being loaded on cattle. 
«^U-i Shamatat, s. f. a. Rejoi- 
cing at the distress of another. 
jU^ Shumar, s. m. p. Counting, 
computing, numbering ; number, ac- 
count, note. 
(SJ^*-^ Shumari, s.f. p. Counting, 

&c. ; a rosary. 
JU^ Shamal, or Shimal, s. m. a. 
1. The north. 2. The north-wind. 3. 
'J'he left hand (when the face is turn- 
ed towards the east, the north is on 
the left). S.-ru, a. Facing the north. 
S.-numd, A mariner's compass. 
^U^ Shimali, a. a. Northern. 
cljU-i ShaniJiil, s. pi. o/ Shamal, 
A. Dispositions, qualities, virtues, 
/^ Shimar, n. pr. a. The name 
of one of Yazid's generals, who slew 
Husain in the plains of Karbala ; 
and hence now means vile, infamous, 
<_>»*-i Shams, *. m. a. The sun. 
A»~»-i Shanisa, s. m. a. Little tas- 
sels adixed to a rosary. 
^^♦^ Shamsi, a. a. Solar. S.-qa- 
mari, a. (Solar and Lunar). 1. A 
perquisite taken by the officers of 
government, being the dift'erence 
between a solar and lunar month. 2, 
A monthly period of three or four 
days during which the female attend- 


( 346 




ants in the women's 
have leave of absence. 
iLL»-i Shamsliad, s. m. v. 1. The 
box- tree. 2. (met.) The form of a 
^j.^^ Shamsher, s.f. p. A scimi- 
tar, sword. S.-hahddur, (ironically) 
A worthless useless fellow. S.-zan, 
or S.-bdz. A swordsman. S.-zani, or 
S.-bdzi, Swordsmanship, use of the 

^*^ Shama, s. f. a. 1. A lamp, 
a candle. 2. Wax. S.-ddn, s. m. A 
candle-stick. S.-sdz, A chandler, a 
candle-maker. S.-rukh, Red-cheeked. 
S.-ru, Having a countenance resplen- 
dent as a candle. 

sJ-'ij^^^ Shami-rang, s. a. p. 
Flame colour. 

aU^ Shamla, s. m. a. 1. The 
worked or embroidered end of a tur- 
band or kamar-band, sometimes tuck- 
ed into the folds and sometimes 
left flying loose. 2. A narrow kind 
of shawl for tying round the waist or 

*^ Shamma^ s. m. a. 1. An 
atom, a particle, a little. 2. Perfume, 
odour. 3. Habit, custom. 

*jl**-^ Shamiyana, s. m. 
canopy, an awning. 

^i^ Shamim, s. f. a. 

li-i Shina, s. p. Swimming. 

•^:^^^ Shinakht, s. f. p. Know- 
ledge, understanding. 

trli-i Shinas, ;;. a. p. Knowing, 
intelligent, acquainted with. 

^^ Shm&s§L,p. p. p. Intelligent, 

jJUli^ Shinasai, s. f. p. Ac- 
quaintance, knowledge. 

t5*»^-i-- Shinasi, (In comp.) s.f. p. 



^jlli Shina-war, s, p. A swim- 
t5i>'^ Shina-wari, s.f. p. Swim- 

xl^ Shinah, s. f. p. Swimming. { 
***^ Shamba, s. m. p. Saturday. 
jlsix^ Shanqar, s. m. p. A falcon. ' 
k-J^^ Shang, a. p. Amorously 

•-jy^i-i Shangarf, s. m. p. Cinna- 
bar, vermilion. 

y>^ Shanau, or Shinau, ~\part. 

!>^ Shanawa,orShinawa, J of 
Shanidan, p. Hearing, hearer. 

«>J^ Shanid, s. f. p. Act of hear- 

8<H*-* Shanida, p. p. p. Heard. 

^j:^ Shani, a. a. Disgraceful, 
shocking, abominable, base, adul- 

j^ Sho,or Shu, j9. a. p. (In comp.) 
Washing, washer. 

j^ Shau, contr. of Shauhar, p. 

yl_)-« Shawari, s. pi. of fjl^. 

J!^ Shauwal, 5. m. a. The tenth 
month of the Muhammadan year, on 
the first day of which the festival of 
Bairdm or I'd, is celebrated being the 
first day after Ramzdn (the Musal- 
man Lent) ; on this day it is custom- 
ary to make presents, &c. 

v>^ Shobj s. m. p. Washing. 

^j^ Shokh, a. p. Mischievous, 
playful, saucy, brisk, cheerful, sly, 
humourous, wanton, strong, insolent, 

ij=-j^ Shokhi, s. f. p. Mischief, 
playfulness, pertness, humour, sauci- 
ness, wantonness, coquetry. 

^yi Shor, s. m. p. 1. Cry, noise, 
outcry, disturbance, tumult, a. Salt, 
very bitter, p. a. of Shoridan, Dis- 
tracted, mad. S.-angez, Exciting tu- 

( 347 ) 


mults. S.'bakht, a. Unfortunate, 
wretched, infamous. S.-Aor, c. Very 
wet, drenched. S.-pusht, a. Quar- 
relsome, encouraging disturbance, 
noisy. S.-zamin, s. Salsuginous 
ground, barren land. S.-shdr, or 
S.-sharr,or S.-shardbd, or S.-shaghab, 
s. m. Noise, tumult, disturbance, 
bustle, clamour. S. machdnd, To 
make a noise. 

\jj^ Shiira, s. a. Consultation, 
convention, agreement, mixture. 

kj^ Shorbti, *. m. p. Broth. 

u^>jj^ Shorish, *. /. p. Tumult, 
insurrection, confusion. 

xjj-^ Shora, a. p. Marshy, barren 
(ground), s. m. Nitre, saltpetre. S.- 
ffar, s. in. A manufacturer of salt- 

oj^-i Shoriyat, *. /. p. Salhie 

jijoji^^ Shorida, p. p. p. 1. Dis- 
turbed, mad, desperately in love. 2. 
Faint, dejected. S.-hdl, a. Mad, &c. 
S.-khdtir, a. Dejected, melancholy. 

&My*, Shosha, s. in. p. I. An in- 
got. 2. Chips, rubbish, filth. 3. A 
particle, a part. 

6^ Shauq, s. m. A. 1. Desire, 
inclination, love. 2. Gaiety, cheer- 
fulness. 3. Curiosity. S.-zauq, s. m. 
Pleasure, delight, gratification. 

wi*r^ Shauqin, a. a. Intent up- 
on, desirous, lascivious. 

&^y^ Shauqiya, s. m. a. The 
part of an epistle which follows the 
complimental address. 

•^(^-i Shiiukat, *. /. a. State, 
dignity, magnificence, majesty. S.- 
ul-bair, s. A thistle. 

Slj-i Shola, s. m. h. Eschynome- 
ne paludosa. (The wood being very 
light and spongy is used by fisher- 
men for floating their nets : toys 
such as artificial birds and flowers 
2 Y 2 

are made of it : also hats ; when 
charred it is used as tinder). 
A|^ Shola, s. m. p. {cor. o/ Shu- 
la), A dish consisting of rice and 
pulse boiled together and given to 
sick persons. 

j*^ Shiirn, a. A. 1. Black. 2. Un- 
fortunate, unhappy, disgraceful, vile. 
3. Miser, niggard. S.-taba, a. Ill- 
tempered. S.-qadam, a. Unlucky, 
bad (omen). S.-mizdj, a- Stingy. 

Ijx'^-*' Shiimra, a. A. H. Ugly, 
miserly, avaricious. 

iSj*}-^ Shumri, s. f. h. A kind 
of fried food. 

^x^^ Shiimiyat, s. f. a. Stingi- 
ness, niggardliness. 

j^j^ Shauhar, s. m. p. A hus- 

iSj-*' Shoi, or Shui, p. a. p. (In 
comp.) Washing. 

*-^ Shah, *. m. p. 1. A king. 2. 
Check (at chess). 3. (In comp.) Roy- 
al, great, large, &c. see Shah. Shahd, 
(voc.) O king ! S.-bdz, The royal fal- 
con. S.-zor, a. Stout, gallant, strong, 
brave, heroic. S.-zori, s. f. Valour, 
heroism. S.-sawdr, A good rider, 
jockey, horse-breaker. S.-mdt, Check- 
mate. S.-nishin, s. A principal seat 
in an assembly, president's seat, bal- 

V^t^ Shihab, s. f. a. I. A bright 
star, a falling star. 2, Flame. Shahdb, 
(p.) Red colour. 

0^ Shahad, s. pi. of Shahid. a. 
Evidences, witnesses. 

ojl^ Shabddat, s. /.a. 1, Evi- 
dence, testimony. 2. Martyrdom. 

^i-^t^ Shahduiat, s. f. a. Gene- 
rosity, bravery. 

Aj'*.-^ Shaljuiia, a. m. p.l t» i 

^5J4-«» Shahani, a. f. p. J 


348 ) 

ilU^ Shah-bala, s. m. v. s. The 
companion of a bridegroom. 

^^-i Shah- par, 5. ?w. p. The strong- 
est feather in a bird's wing. 

Z/i^ Shah-tara, s. m. p. see 

e*^V* Shah-tut, s. m. p.' A mul- 

^ii^-i Shah-tir, s. in. p. A beam. 

Jtapt^ Shah-chalj *. /. p. A term 
in cbess when the king only can 

«i.^ Shahd, s. m. p. Honey. Sh.- 
makkhi, s. f. A bee. 

\\-^ Shuhada, s. pi. of ^.^ , 

Sii-^ Shuhda, s. m. h. A rake, 
prodigal, debauchee. S.-shikasta, 
Ruined and wretched. 5f.-^an, Rakish- 
ness, &c. 
^^•i Shahr,* s. m. a. A month. 
jY^ Shahr, s. m. p. A city. S.- 
dshob, 1. A disturber of the peace 
of a city ; a mistress. 2. A kind of 
verse. S.-pandh, s. f. Wall, or in- 
trenchments round a town. S.-purd, 
s. m. Suburbs. S.-khabrd, s. m. A 
quidnunc; an intelligencer. S.-ddr, 
s. m. A bird-catcher, a huntsman. 
S.-gharib, s. m. A stranger, traveller. 

e>^ Shuhrat, s. /.a. 1. Re- 
nown, fame. 2. Divulging, report, 
rumour, celebrating. 

la^^-^ Shah-rukha, s. m. p. A 
term used at chess. 

«J^ Shah-rag, s. f. p. The 
great vein in the arm. 

tjY^ Shuhra, *. m. a. Fame, 
renown, reputation, divulging, pub 
lishing. report, rumour. S.-e-dfdq, 
or S.-e-dlam, Renowned, known 
over the world. 

LSj^ Shahri, s. m. p. A citizen 
or anything belonging to a city. 

)^.j\^ Shahr-yar,5. m. p. A prince, 
a king. 

^^j\^ Shahr-iyat, s. f. p. Peo- 
pling, cultivating. 

^-^iH^ Shah-zada, s. m. p. A 

\^ Sliahla, a. a. Having dark 
grey eyes with a shade of red. 

l\-^ Shahna, s. f. p. A musical 
wind instrument, a pipe, clarion. 

^yU^ Shahnai, s. f. p. A kind 
of musical pipe, flute, flageolet. S.- 
cJii, A player on the Shahnai. 

j'j-t-i Shah-war, a. p. Worthy of 
a king, princely. 

<i>j^ Shahwat, *. /. a. Concu- 
piscence, sensuality, lust, desire, ap- 
petite. S.-angez, a. Lust exciting, 
lascivious. S.-parast, a. Lascivious, 
sensual. S.-parasti, s.f. Sensuality. 

csVt^ Shahwati, a. a. Lascivious. 

c^^ Shuluid, s. A. The being 
present, s. pi. of Shahid, Witnesses, 

«Hf^ Shahid, * 5. a. A witness, 
martyr (any iSluhamraadan killed in 
battle is so called), a. Killed. S.- 
hond, To be killed, to fall in love. 

^ Shai,* s. f. A. A thing. 

tirjJ='i^ Shayatin, s. pi. of Shaitan, 

«.7*Jwi Sheb, s. m. p. A descent, 
declivity, adv. Under, below. 

«.j*Jr" Shaib, s. a. Greyness, hoari- 


u^ Shaikh,or Shekh, s.m. a. 1 . A 
venerable old man. 2. A chief, a pre- 
late. 3. A title taken by the descend- 
ants of the prophet and given to 
proselytes to Muhamniadanism. Sh.' 
dondu, A figure dressed up by way 
of sport or charm. 

Ls^ Shaikhan, adv. a. In the 
manner of a chief, authoritatively . 


( 349 ) 


ixsiA Shaikhana, a. My lord 1 my 

preceptor ! my patron ! 

jjj^^^ Shekhan-piir, s. m. a. s. 

A town inhabited by the descendants 

of Muhammad. 

s£^jsi^ Shaikhukhat, '\s.f. a. 

cui%ii^ ShaikhukhiyatjJ Old 

,js^ Shekhi, 8. f. A. Boasting, 
" bragging. 

^>iA Shaidj s. m. p. Deceit, trick, 
fascination. [in love. 

I<xx-i Shaida, a. v. Mad ; deeply 
ji-^ Sher, s. m. p. A tiger, a 
lion. S.-i-dbi, s. m. An alligator. 
S.-i-qdli, (the effigy of a tiger). A 
person only fit to be looked at, a 
braggart. S.-i-gardv,n, s. m. The 
sun ; the sign Leo. 
ji-i Shir, s. m. v. Milk. S.-khur- 
da, A suckling. S.-ddr, a. Milch, 
giving much milk. S.-shakar, 1. A 
kind of silk cloth. 2. Aflfection. 
S.-garm, a. Milk-warm, luke welrra. 
S.-mdl, s. f. Bread made with milk. 
S.-mast, A fine plump suckling. 
^yjx^ Shiraza, s. m. p. The 
stitching of the back of a book, sew- 
ing button holes. S.-bandi, s. f. The 
binding of a book. 
Ail^ Sher-ana, a. or adv. p. 

c:^^^ Shir-khisht, s. p. A sub- 
stance which rests like dew on certain 
trees and is used for medicine ; manna. 
^ij^ Sherni, s, f. p. A lioness. 
^^J^ Shirni, s. f. p. Sweetmeat, 

&c., oflFered in memory of saints. 
Hjx^ Slura, s. f. p. Sirup, juice 
of fruit, new wine, must. S.-e-rewand, 
iSj^ Shiri, *. /. P. Part of a 
ship, a. Milky, relating to milk. 

iSji^ Sheri, «. p. Of or like the 

tiger, s. f. Tiger-like conduct, in- 
trepidity, boldness. 
e;iri^ Shirin, a. p. 1. Sweet. 2. 
Pleasant, gentle, affable. 3. Name of 
the mistress of Varhad. S.-ddd, a. 
Of sweet manners. S.-zaidn, a. Elo- 
quent, sweet spoken, affable. S.-za • 
bdni, s. f. Eloquence, affability. S.- 
taba, a. Of gentle manners, of mild 
disposition. S.-labi, s. f. Sweetness 
of lips. 
^J^J^ Shirini, s. /.P. 1. Sweet- 
ness. 2. Eloquence. 
f*£**^ Shisham, *. /. s. see j"-^. 
eJLiJ> Shisha, s. m. p. Glass, a 
bottle, a glass. S.-bdz, A juggler. 
S.-bdzi, s. f. Juggle, legerdemain. 
S.bdshd, a. Very delicate, tender. 
S-e-sdat, An hour-glass. S.-gar, A 
glass-maker. S.-gari, s. f. Glass- 
making. S.-mahall, A house or palace 
all hung with glass. [glass. 

^J!^ Shishi, s. f. P. A small 
ejUaxi Shaitan,* s. m. a. The de- 
vil, Satan. S.-ki-dnt, The devil's guts ; 
any thing very long and winding (as 
a lane), 
o-vlaji-^ Shaitanat, s. f. a. Devil's 

tricks, wickedness. 
**)j^ Sliia, s. m. a. A follower of 

the sect of Ali, a sectary. 
4lix.i Shefta, p. p. p. Distracted, 

troubled in mind, enamoured, mad. 
e;3U.i Siiilan, s. p. A table- cloth. 
_^ Shiv, or Sib, n. pr. s. Tiie 

Hindu god so called. 
cij-J^ Shewan, s. m. p. Grief, la- 
^yJl> Shewa, *. m.v. 1. Business, 
trade, profession. 2. Manner, habit, 
custom. 3. Amorous looks. S.-ddr, 
1. An artist, a tradesman. 2. Expert, 
skilful, clever, 
•s^jj-i Shiha, s. m. p. Neighing of 
a horse. 

( 350 ) 

o° Swad, the fourteenth letter of 
the Arabic Alphabet, does not pro- 
perly occur in the Persian language ; 
but in a few words, it has, in modern 
times, been substituted for the origi- 
nal letter Seen, to distinguish them 
from others of a different significa- 
tion. In Persia and Hindustan its 
sound is identical with that of the 
common s (Sin), but among the 
Arabs its sound is stronger than the 
last and has a mixture of w. In Ab- 
jad it stands for 90, and it is used as 
an abbreviation for Safar, the second 
Arabian month. When Persian words 
containing che are introduced into 
Arabic, the che is changed into this 
letter as Sin for Chin, China. 

^l** Sabir, a. a. Patient. 

eH^ Saban, "^ s. m. a. Soap. 

c)^l^ Sabun,J (Gr. SoTTw.'.) 

fcr**.'^ Sahib, * s. m. a. A lord, 
master, companion, (in comp.) pos- 
sessor, possessed of, endowed with, 
&c. S.-i-Jkhtiydr, Possessed of free 
election or option. S.i-tdj, Possessed 
of the crown, a king. S.-i-takht, Pos- 
sessor of the throne, a king. S.-i- 
tamkanat. Possessed of dignity. S.-i- 
jamdl, Beautiful. S.-i-hdl-o-qdl, Intel- 
ligent, well-informed, polite. S.i- 
khdna, Master of the house. S.-i- 
dard. Compassionate. S.-dil, A pious 
man, a good man. S.-zdda, Genteelly 
born, a young gentleman. S.-taba, 
Possessed of genius. S.-kamdl, a. 
Perfect, excellent; a saint. S-7nan- 
zilat,- Possessed of rank or dignity. 
S.-nazar, a. Discerning, intelligent ; 
a pious man. S.- i-wildy at, Ont who 
has access to God, a saint. S.-qirdn, 
s. TO. An invincible hero, a great con- 

Xka.!^ Sahiba, s. /. a. A lady, 
mistress, &c. 

c5^l^ Sahibi, s.f. A. 1. Rule, 
command, lordship. 2. A kind of 
grape so called. S. karnd. To lord, 
rule, govern. 

^.^Uj Sadir, a. a. Proceeding, 
produced, derived, happened, arrived, 
passed, issued. S. hond, To be pro- a 
duced, emerged, issued, &c. 

(3^1^ Sadiq, a. a. True, just, sin- 
cere. S.-ul-qaul, Speaking truth. 

&ft*l^ Saiqa, *. a. Lightning, a 

i-j^ Saf, a. A. Clean, clear, pure, 
candid, innocent. S.-dil, a. Of a 
pure heart. 

j_5»''e Safi, s. /.A. 1. Cleanness, 
purity. 2. Sincerity, candour. 3. A 
filter or cloth through which drinks, 
medicines, &c. are strained. j9 a. Pure, 
clean, &c. see Saf. Sd/i-ndma, s. m. 
A general release, a discharge from 
obligations. See Razi. 

J^ Salih, a. a. Good, apt, fit, 
proper, s. m. 1. A man of probity 
and honour. 2. A sedate steady per- 
son (opposite to enthusiast). 

^i^ Saliha,* a. f. a. Virtuous, 

jJL^ Sani,* p. a, a. Creator, maker, 

V^U« Saib, a. a. Right, going, 
straight to the mark. 

f¥il^ Saim, p. a. a. One who 
fasts. Adjectively, Thirsty. S.-ud-dahr, 
One who fasts always. 

l>^ Saba, s. /. a. A gentle breeze, 
an easterly breeze, a morning breeze. 

^U^ Sabah, s. f. a. The morn- 
ing, dawn of day. S.-ul khair. 1. 
Morning salutation, good day ! 2. 
Name of a bird. 

o»a.Ia^ Sababat, s. f. A. Beauty, 

p Lx^ Sabbagh, s. m, a. A dier, 
one whose business is to die. 

351 ) 


^ Subh, *./. A. Morning, dawn. 
S-khez, a. Rising early in the noorning. 
S.-kheza, or S.kheziyd, A sort of thief 
who rises early and steals before peo- 
ple are awake. S.-dam, or S.-i-sddiq, 
Dawn of day. S.-i-kdzib, Just before 
day-break. S.-gdh,T\iQ morninfr time. 
S.-gdhdn, The early dawn. S.-gdhi, a. 
Of the morn. 

^j-* Sabr, s. f. a. Patience, en- 
durance. S. karnd, To wait. 

jM> Sabir, *. /. a. A species of 

^j-f-* Sabuh, s. A. Wine drunk 
in the morning ; wine left over night 
and drunk in the morning. 

^js^ji^ Sabuhi, *. /. A. A wine- 

' bottle ; the morning draught of wine. 
S.-kash, A drinker of the morning 

j^x^ Sabur, a. a. Patient, mild. 

(^jy^ Sabiiri, s. f. a. Patience, 

^^^ Sabi, 5. m. a. A youth. 

^Hrf^ Sabih, a. a. 1. Beautiful. 

2. A fine complexion. 
Ai-i^ Sabiya, s. f. a. A damsel, 
girl, child, daughter. 

^[^ Sihab, s. pi. of Sahib, Com- 

oolar^ Sahabat ,s. f. a. Society. 

\j\.s^ Sahara, or Sahari s. pi. of 
Sahra, Deserts, plains. 

ot«^ Sahhaf, s. m. A. A book- 
binder, bookseller. 

^l*-* Sahaif, s. pi. of ^k^, 
Books, leaves, pages. 

c>Aa?^ Suhbat, S. /.A. 1. Com- 
panionship, society. 2. An assembly, 
fair. 3. Coition. 4. Discourse. 5.- 
bardr, An acquaintance. S.-barari, 
Acquaintanceship. S.'ddri,s.f. Keep- 
ing company with, associating, ac- 

vioc^ Sihhat, s. f. a. Health, en- 
tireness, soundness, perfection, inte- 
grity, accuracy. S.-khdna, s. m. A 

[r^ Sahra, * s. m. a. A desert, 
a plain. S.-nishin, s. m. A hermit, 
an inhabitant of the desert. S.-na- 
ward, Wanderer of the desert. S,- 
nawardi, s. f. Wandering in the de- 
sert or forest. 

^J^j^^ Sahrai, la. a. Of the 

&xj|^ac^ Sahraiya,J desert, wild. 

t:^*^ Sahn, s. m. a. 1. A court- 
yard. 2. A large cup or goblet. 3. 
A small dish or plate. 

^alia->« Sahnak, s. f. a. A plate, 
dish, &c. 

^H^ Sahib, a. a. Accurate, just, 

pure, perfect, entire, sound, certain. 

S. karnd, To sign ; to correct. 
*fli*^ Sahifa, ^ s. m. A. A book, 

page, leaf, letter. 
•>>-« Sad, a. p. Hundred. S.- 

mani, a. Containing an hundred 

!<>•«« Sada, s. f. A. Sound, tone, 

echo, voice, noise. 

o;l<>^ Sadarat, s.f. a. The office 
of prime minister or chief justice. 

^'«>'« Sud^, s. m. A. Vertigo, me- 
grim, head-ache. 

cJlt^'tf Sadaqat, s. f. a. 1. Sin- 
cerity, candour. 2. Friendship. 3. 

^jiO>^ Sad-barg, s. m. p. Name 
of a flower (Roza glandulifera). 

j^-^ Sadr, * 5./. a. 1. The breast, 
the foremost or highest part of any 
thing, the first place or seat in an 
assembly. 2. Exaltation, pre-emi- 
nence. 3. Chief, supreme. 4. Go- 
vernment. S.-i-sudur,The chief judge, 
chancellor. S.-nishin, A president, 
one sitting in the first seat. 

( 352 ) 


0(>'« Sadaf, s. f. \. A shell, 
pearl, mother of pearl. 

cS*^^ Sidq, *. m. A. Truth, vera- 
city, sincerity. 

*»«>^ Sadqa, s. m. a. 1, Alms. 
2. Propitiatory offerings, sacrifice. 
Sadqe jdnd, or hond. To be<;ome a sa- 
crifice for the welfare of another. S. 
karnd, To sacrifice for the welfare, &c. 
of another. 

*^>>-^ Sadma, s. m. a. A blow, 
stroke of fortune, adversity, collision, 
an adventure. 

j}^<i-e Sudur, s. pi. of jC:^. 

sz^sJyc Saiahat, *. /. a. 1. Pal- 
pableness. 2. Pureness. a. Pure, 
unadulterated. Sardhatan, adv. Pub- 
lickly, evidently. 

^a^i^ Surahi, s. f. a. A goblet, 
a long-necked flask. S.-barddr, The 
carrier of the fl<isk or goblet. S.-ddr, 
a. Shaped in the form of a surahi, 
(a pearl.) 

irl/« Sirat, s. f. a. A road. ^.- 
ul-mustaqim, The right way, i. e. The 
Muhammadan religion. Surdt, A 
long sword. 

•-»]/«« Sarraf, s. m. a. A banker, 
a monej'-changer. 

*»V* Sarrafa, s. m. a. The place 
where bankers transact their busi- 
ness, a bank. 

^[f^ Sarrafi, s. f. a. Bauking, 

j^j^ Sarsar, s. f. a. A cold bois- 
terous wind. 

<^j^ Sara, s. f. a. The epilepsy. 

«-i;^ Sirf, adv. a. Purely, merely, 
alone, only. a. Pure, mere. 

>^j^ Sarf, s. m. a. 1. Expendi- 
ture. 2. The orthographical and ety- 
mological parts of grammar. 3. Dex- 
terity. 4. Increase, gain, access. 5. 
Changing, turning, converting, volu- 
bility. 6. Vicissitudes of fortune. 

S. karnd. To spend, to pass. S.-o- 
naho, s. f. Grammar. S. hond. To 
be expended. 

*^j^ Sarfa, s. f. a. 1. Expense. 
2. Profusion, profit, utility, surplus, 
redundancy, addition. 3. The twelfth 
mansion of the moon, a star in the 
tail of Leo. 

8^ Surra, s. in. a. A purse. 

^j^ Sarih, a. a. Apparent, pal- 

y^ Sarir, s. f. a. The scratch- 
ing sound of a pen, grating of a door, 

V^^ Sab, a. a. Hard, difficult, 
arduous, rough, fierce, troublesome, 
disagreeable, disobedient, stubborn, 

•^J^*^ Suubat, *. /. a. Difficulty, 

v>>*^ Suiid, s. m. A. Descent, 
jlise Sighar, a. pi. of j^, Small. 
S.-o-kibdr, Small and great, the po- 

j*^ Sighar, s. in. a. Smallness, 

1^*^ Sughara, a. pi. of ji*-^j 
Small, inferior. 

isj*^ Sughra, a. a. Less, least^ 
s. m. The minor term of a syllogism, 
^**c Saghir, * q. a. Small, slen- 
der, inferior, junior. S.-sinn, a. Of 
tender age. 

«-A«e Saff, s.f. A. 1. Series, order, 
line, rank, file, row. 2. A mat. S.- 
di'd, Arraying, putting in order of 
battle. S.-i-jang, s. /. The ranks of 
war, the field of battle. S.-kashi, 
Drawing forth of an army. 

li^ Safa, s. /. a. 1 . Purity, clean- 
ness. 2. Pleasure, content. Sqfan 
sdf, (smack smooth,) Without a trace 
or vestige. S.-pazir, a. Purified, 

cdU-c Sifat, of^ii^. 


( 353 ) 


^,'^suc Safai, *. /. A. Purity, 
cleanness. S.-batini, To reject a pe- 
tition without ceremony, to refuse 
o>a^ Sifat, *. /.A. 1. Praise. 2. 
Quality, attribute. 3. Manner, de- 
scription. 4. A noun adjective. 5. 
Like, resembling. 
&^ Safha, s. m. a. A page, 

surface, face. 
jA^ Safar,* or Safar-ul-muzaffar, 
s. m. A. The second month of the Mu- 
hammadan year. Sifr, s. m. A cipher. 
\jsu> Safra, s. m. a. Bile, yellow. 
^i_^ Safrai, a. A. Bilious. 
^J^^ Safi, a. A. 1. Pure. 2. Just. 
n. prop. The name of a Persian dy- 
nasty that reif![ned from 1503 to 1736 
founded by Shah Ismail Safi and 
overturned by Nadir Shah. 
j^'^ Safir, s. f. A. 1. Sound, 
whistling, a hissing noise, blowing, 
singing (as a bird). 2. A sapphire. 
^ Sila, *. m. A. For *i^ Sila. 
Said, s. f. Voice, annunciation, invi- 
cjiLs Salubat, s. f. a. Firmness, 

hardness j majesty, dignity. 
o3U) Salat, *. /. a. 1. Prayer, 
[ benediction. 2. The first chapter of 
the Quran. 
^^ Salali, *. /. A. 1. Peace, con- 
cord, treaty. 2. Rectitude, integrity. 
3. Advice, counsel, a. Adviseable. 
o^xo-H-a Salahiyat, s. f. a. Virtue, 

chastity, integrity ; peace. 
•-U'C Salb, s.f. A. 1. Crucifixion. 
2. Burning. 3. Teasing, fretting, 
•-^ Sulb, *. /. A. The loins ; 

(met ) offspring. 
^^ Sulh, s. f. A. Peace, recon- 
ciliation, treaty, truce, concord. 8.' 
i-kull, s. f. Perfect reconciliation, 
defiaitive treaty. 

2 z 

4*^ Sulha, s. m. a. Friendship. 

/♦xi^ Salam, a. A mysterious word 
(often added to the name of Mu- 
hammad) formed from the abbrevi- 
ation of the following words, Salla- 
alldh qlaiki wa sallam, The blessing 
and peace of God be with him. 

^i^Uj^ Sall-ala, a. Blessed, very 
ftne, V. s. 

ciji^lAe Salawat, *. pL of e>^. 

o^ Saliit,* s. /.A. 1. Prayer, 
benediction. 2. Compassion or mercy 
of God. 

*)L*e Sila, 5. m. a. 1. Conjunction, 
connexion. 2. A present, a gift. 3. 
Poetic licence. Harf-i-sila, A con- 
junctive particle. 

^^^ Salla, 3d pers. mas. sing of 
past tense, a. He blessed or was 
merciful towards. Salla-alldh alai- 
hi, The blessing of God on him! 
Salla-alldh qlaihim. The blessing of 
God be on them ! 

«-*Jt^'* Salib, a. A. 1. Hard. 2. 
Three-cornered, s. m. A crucifix, a 

fk^ Summ, a. a. Deaf. Sum- 
mun bukm, a. Deaf and Dumb. 

o**** Samt, s. f. A. Silence. ^Im- 
mut, Adverse fortune. 

^♦Ufl*/* Samsam, *. /. a. A sharp 

e»^4-.e Samut, a. A. Silent. 

/♦>*/« Samim, a. a. Pure, unmix- 
ed, sincere. 

g^U-fi Sand, s. pi. of ^^ Artifi- 
cers, mechanics, handicraftsmen. 

«i.*LL« Sina^t, s. f. a. Art, trade, 

^LLo Sandyi, s. pi. of c^xL*, 

Joi^ Sandal, s. m. s. Sandal- 

^6^,e Sandali, a. s. Of the co- 
lour of Sandal-wood; made of San- 

( 354 ) 


dal-wood. s. f. A kind of chair. 
s. m. \ sort of eunuch. 

C^<^^ Sanduq,* s. m. or /. a. A 
box, a trunk. 

As^ji^l^ Sandiiqcba, s. m. a. p. 
A small box, a casket. 

^jsL^> Sanduqi, a. a.- Like a 
box (applied to a tomb and a scab- 
bard of a sword made in that forft). 

cu*i^ Sanat,* s. f. a. 1. Profes- 
sion, trade, art, make. 2. Mystery^ 

«-ftJ^ Sinf,*5./. A. Species, kind, 

/vJ^ Sanam, s. m. a. 1. An idol. 

2. A mistress, a lover, a sweetheart. 

3. The name of a game among chil- 
dren. S.-khdna, or S.-kada, s. m. a. 
p. An idol- temple. 

^j.i^ Sanaubar, s. m. a. Fir, pine; 
any cone-bearing tree. 

vlr* Sawab, s. m. a. Rectitude, 
a virtuous action, success. 

i-^ Saub, *. m. a. Side, tract, 

Ajy« Siiba, s.m. A. I. A province. 
2. A governor (Term peculiar to 

^i^ao^rf Suba-dar, s. m. A. p. 1. 
The chief or a lieutenant of a pro- 
vince. 2. A military officer among 
Indian troops whose rank corre- 
sponds to that of captain. 

^jl^ajya Siiba-dari, s. f. a. p. 
The office of lieutenant of a province ; 
the government of a Suba or Pro- 

e»^ Saut, s. f. A. Sound, voice, 
clamour, noise, calling for help, shout, 
shriek of distress. 

jy^ Siir, s. f. A. A kind of mu- 
sical instrument ; a horn, a trumpet. 

v^jy*> Siirat, s. f. A. 1. Form, 
face, countenance, appearance, por- 
trait. 2. Manner. 3. Condition, state, 

Dar surat, or Dar surate-ki, In case 
provided that. S.-dshnd, An acquaint 
ance. S.-pazir, Assuming or ac- 
quiring form. S.-i-hdl, s. f. A state- 
ment. S. hardm, a. Plausible ; whose 
appearance promises much more than 
events will justify ; specious, super- 
ficial, fair without and foul within. 
iS.-gar, s. Painter, sculptor, limner. 

iSjy^ Suri, a. a. Exterior, appa- 

oj'* Suf, s. m. A. Wool; silk^ 
thread, cotton. 

^Jy^ Sufi, a. A. Wise. s. m. A 

>^y^ Saulat, s. f. A. Fury, vio- 
lence, impetuosity. 

C^'* Saum, s. m. a. 1. Fasting, a 
fast. 2. One who fasts. 3. A Chris- 
tian Church, a. Silent. S.-salut, s.f. 
Fasting and prayer. 

t*^ Sahba, s. a. Wine, especi- 
ally red wine. 

i>^ Saiyad, s. m. a. A hunter, 
fowler, fisherman. 

<^^^^ Saiyadi, s. f. a. Hunting, 
fowling, shooting. 

(•Lj^ Siyam, s. m. a. A fast, the 
act of fasting. 

KiM-o Siyan, s. m. a. Keeping. 

'^Ij^ Siyanat, s. f. a. Defence, 
guarding, keeping, preserving, sup- 

<>j-« Said, s. f. A. Game, prey, 
animal pursued or fished for, &c.j 
hunting, chase. S.-afgan, or S.-figan, 
Killer of game. S.-afgani, Killing of 
game. S.-anddz, or S.-bdz, A sports- 
man. S.-band, A taker or binder of 
game. S.'bandi, s.f. Taking or bind- 
ing of game. S.-gdh, s. f. Place for 

Axx^ Sigha,* s. m.A. 1. A mould 
(for casting metal). 2. A word decli- 
nable and derivative. 3. The mood 

( 355 ) 

of a verb, conjugation, derivation. 
4. Trade, profession. 5. A form of 
words used in marriage ceremonies. 

•-Aji^ Saif, *. A. Summer. 

O^i^ Saiqal, s. m. a. 1. Polish- 
ing, polish, cleaning, furnishing. 2. 
The polishing instrument. S.-gar, A 

(jtf Zwdd, the fifteenth letter of 
the Arabian alphabet, does not oc- 
cur in Persian, nor is there any cor- 
responding letter in Sanscrit. In 
Persia and India it has the sound of 
Z, but in Arabia it has a mixed sound 
of d, th, and \v. In Abjad it stands 
for 800. The dal of Persian words 
introduced into Arabic is often chan- 
ged into this letter as Zahak for 

iajUo Zabit, s. m. a. A governor, 
master, possessor. Z.-ul-kull, Om- 
nipotent God, lord of all. 

AkjU Zabita, * *. m. a. Canon, 
ordinance, law, rule, regulation. 

iila.U Zahik, 8. a. 1. Satyrist, 
mocker. 2. Name of a poet. 

»_yU9 Zarib, p. a. a. Beating, 
bruising, striking, stamping, coining. 

J Ui Zall, J9. a. A. Straying. *. m. 
A prevaricator. 

jj^*Ui Zamin, s. m. A. A surety, 
sponsor, security, bail. 

j^Ui Zamini, s, /. A. Surety, 

■" bail. Z. qabul karnd, To admit as 

f^'o* Zdj, a. A. Lost, destroyed, 
perished ; fruitless, abortive. Z. kar- 
nd, To lose, to destroy. 

JaA'i Zabt, *. m. A. Government, 
direction, discipline, regulation, check, 
control, possession. Z. karni, To 
take possession, rule over, watch, 
preserve, restrain, control. 
2 z 2 

t^isA^ Zabti, s. f. A. Regulation, 

'^s^ Zuha, s. m. a. Breakfast 
time ; that part of the time about 
half way between sunrise and meri- 
dian. I'd-uz-zuh'i, s. f, A festival 
celebrated on the 10th of Zi-hijja, 
when an animal is sacrificed in com- 
memoration of Abraham's sacrifice 
of his son Ismail (according to Mu- 

o^xli'^ Zakhamat, s. f. a. Thick- 
ness, bigness. 

«>'« Zidd, s. f. A. The contrary, 
the opposite, contrariety, opposition. 
Z. karnd. To persist, persevere. 

C5">'^ Ziddi, a. a. Perverse, con- 

j'O Zarr, s. m. A. Loss, damage, 
injury, distress. 

vLr^ Zirab, s. m. a. 1. Fighting, 
fencing, conquering. 2. Coition. 

vLr^ Zarrab, s. m. a. A coiner, 
a mint-master. 

>rtr^ Zarb, s. J", a. I. A blow, 
beating, violence ; striking ; stamp- 
ing, coining (money), struck. 2. 
Multiplication in arithmetic. Z.-ul- 
masal, or Z.-i-masal, s.f, A proverb. 
Ddr-uz-zarb, s. f. The mint office. 
^yi> Zarar, s. m. a. 1. Injury, 
damage, detriment, loss, ruin. 2. Af- 
fliction, anguish. 
jDj^ Zarur, a. A. Necessary, ex- 
pedient, unavoidable, s. The neces- 

cij;)^ Zarurat, s. f. a. I. Force, 
violence, compulsion, constraint. 2. 
Want, indigence, necessity. 

^j}j'^ Zariiratan, adv. a. Neces- 

LSjXf^ Zaruri, a. a. Necessary. 

ob,j»j^ Zariiriyat, s.f.j)t, of iSJJij'^ 
A. Necessaries. 

356 ) 


•-ft*«o Zaf, or Zuf, s. m. a. Infir- 
mity, weakness, imbecility of mind 
or body. 

*Sxx^ Zaif, a. A. Weak, infirm, 
impotent, emaciated, feeble, frail, old. 

^Jhi.*.,i Zaifi, s. f. A. Weakness, 

J** Zall, s. m. A. An error, a 

JXi Zalal, s. m. A. '\ Error, 

ci^jlU Zalalat, s. f. a. J fault, 
vice, ruin, perdition. 

jl'^ Zila,* s. m. A. 1 . A side, 
part. 2. A district, division. 3. A 
column in the page of a book. 4. 
The art of speaking with double 
meaning so that the chain of both 
senses be uninterrupted throughout. 

Jl'O Zalal, s. m. a. An error. 

^ Zamm, s. m. a. 1. Contrac- 
tion, conjunction, incorporation. 2. 
The vowel point so called pronoun- 
ced as the Italian short u, or as the 
English u in full. 

•iU^a Zamad, or Zimad, s.f. a. 1. 
A bandage or fillet for binding the 
head or a wound. 2. A plaster, an 

_jiS*^ Zamair, s. pi. ofj>:^. 

e^*'^ Zimn, s. m. a. 1. The cover 
of a letter. 2. The contents, any 
thing comprehended contained or 
inserted, subject, an idea, conception. 
3. Suretyship, an obligation. 4. Aid, 

^**^ Zimnan, adv. a. Compre- 
hensively, by the by. 
jy*^ Zamir, * s. f. a. 1. The 

mind, heart, thought, reflection, 
sense, conscience, conception, idea, 
comprehension. 2. A personal pro- 

&^X4^ Zamima, s. m. a. Addition, 
thing incorporated, incorporation. 

\j'i Ziwd,"l 5. /. A. Light, splen- 

'i*^ Ziya, J dour, brilliancy, 

o^il-i^ Ziyafat, s.f. a. 1. A feast, 
banquet, convivial entertainment. 2. 
Hospitality. 3. Invitation. 

^♦*J^ Zaigham,/?. a. Biting. 8.77i. 
A lion. 

v-ftj;^ Zaif, a. A. Hospitable, con- 
vivial, s. m. A stranger, a guest. 

i}ir^ Ziq, s. m. a. Anguish, vex- 
ation, melancholy, affliction, anxiety, 
doubt, oppression of spirit or any 
thing that tortures the mind ; hip- 
pishness. Z.-un-nafas, s. m. The 

(3-i^ Zaiq, or Zaiyiq, a. A. Con- 
tracted, narrow, straitened. 


i= Toe, the sixteenth letter of 
the Arabic Alphabet, does not occur 
in pure Persian ; but in compliance 
with Arabic orthography it is some- 
times introduced into Persian words 
which were originally written with te. 
It has no corrrsponding character 
in Sanscrit. Its genuine sound is 
stronger and harsher than that of te. 
In Abjad it stands for 9 and in al- 
manacks represents the sign Capri- 

v'-t> Tab, a. a. Sweet, agreeable, 
good, pure, excellent. 

(•jli Tarim, s. m. a. Any build- 
ing of a circular form with an arched 
or cupola roof, a wooden structure in 
gardens, &c., for guarding them. 

iSj^ Tari, p. a. a. Happening, 
occurring, intervening. 

crl-^ Tas, s. in. a. 1 . Brocade. 2. 
A cup, goblet, bowl; the vessel in 
which water is cooled. 

&^\Jo Tasa, s. m. a. A kind of 


( 357 ) 


drum. T.-nawdz, One who plays on 

the Tasa. T.-nawdzi, s. f. Beating 

the Tasa. 
e,Uli= Ta^t, *. pi. of^i^^. 
'^£\h Taat, * *. /. A. Devotion, 

obsequiousness, obedience. 
e^lis Tain, s,m. A. An asperser, 

(_5*li: Taghi, o. A. Rebellious. 

JUs Tafih, a. A. Overflowing, 
full of drink. 

c3lJ= Taq, *. m. a. 1. An arched 
building, arch, cupola. 2. A recess 
in a wall, a shelf; a window. 3. Fold, 
ply. a. Unique, singular. 2. Odd, 
not even. T. par rahhnd, (To lay on 
the shelf.) To refuse, disobey; to 
neglect, abandon. T. par honi, or 
T. hond, To be laid on the shelf, to 
be thrown aside. T.-juft, s. m. The 
game of odd or even. 

c^^ifc Taqat, s. f. a. Strength, 
power, force, patience, ability. T.- 
dzmdi, s.f. Trial of strength. l\-se tag 
hond. To be weak, feeble, powerless. 

*»*Lb Taq-cha, s. m. a. p. dimin. 
of Taq. 

J^^ Taqi, a. A. Wall-eyed (a 
horse), s.f. Froth of urine. 

V^it Talib, * p. a. a. Asking, 
demanding, interrogating, s. m. An 
inquirer, seeker, lover. T.'i-dunyd, 
"Worldly-minded. T.-i-tlm, Search- 
ing after knowledge, a student. T.- 
ul ilmi, s. f. Search of knowledge, 

^^VL Talih, a. a. Wicked, villain- 

j^tJs Tali, p. a. a. Rising (as the 
sun), arising, appearing, s. m. 1. 
Fortune, prosperity. 2. Destiny (good 
or bad), horoscope. 3. The dawn, 
8un-rise. l\-dzmd{, s. f. Trying 
one's fortune. T.-shinds, Fortune- 
teller, astrologer. 2\'mand, a. For- 

tunate, wealthy. T.-mandi, s. f. For- 
tune, prosperity, wealth. T.-war, a. 
Fortunate, wealthy. T.'wavi, s. f. 
Good- fortune. 

oUlJs Tamat, s. p. Inconsistent 
words, unintelligible talk, words bar- 
barously uttered. 

5*Us Tami, a. a. Covetous. 

crjlis Tads, s. m. a. A peacock. 
.jAKJs Tahir, * a. a. Pure, unsul* 

lied, chaste. 
^1-1= Tair, p. a. a. Flying, s. m. 
A bird. 

<-ftjlJ= Taif, p. a. a. Going round, 
making the circuit of any thing, s. 

1. Night-watches or patroles. 2. 
Name of a city in Arabia. 

**jLt Taifa, * s. m. a. People, 
tribe, a troop, a band (particularly of 
musicians and dancing women) ; suit, 

•^is Tibb, s. f. A. 1. Medicine. 

2. Magic. 

^jUJs Tababat, *. /. a. The prac- 
tice of medicine. 

^^Js Tabbakh, *. m. a. A cook. 

j^^ Tabashir, *. /. a. The su- 
gar of the bamboo. 

ck-^ Tabaq, s. m. a. A vessel for 
kneading dough in. 

Ur^yUi, Tabaqi kutta, *. a. s. A 

^k-^ Tabancha, s. m. p. A slap, 

blow, box. 
5^1^ Tabayi, s. pi. o/o.*jui,. 

^jy^ Tabar-zad, s. v. Sugar-cau- 
dy, conserve </f roses. 

t^-fe Tab?i, s. f. A. Nature, geni- 
us, temperament, quality, disposition. 
T.-dzmdi, s. f Trial of genius. T.- 
zdd, Invention, production of genius. 

^5«•^J^ Tahi, a. a. Natural. 

ooxUs Tabiyat, s. f. a. Nature, 
genius, disposition. 

( 358 ) 

i3*-t'Tabaq, *. m. a. 1. A cover. 

2. A plate, dish, leaf, disk. 3. Gold 
leaf, tinfoil, &c. 4. One thing follow- 
ing another or consecutive; the sto- 
ry of a house, &c., class, order, de- 

AJuJa Tabqa, or Tabaqa,* s. m. a. 
A story, floor, stage, degree, class, 
order, rank, shelf. 

lLxJs Tabl, s. m. a. A drum. 

(3^ Tablaq, s. m. a. A bundle 
of papers. 

^k Tablak, s. f. a. A little 

*i^ Tabla^, s. m. a. A small tam- 

•-rAAxIs Tabib, * s. m. A. A phy- 

,j^ Tabibi, s. f. A. The busi- 
ness of a physician. 

^J;->Js Tabikh, a. a. Cooked, 

'^xx^Js Tabiat, * s. f. a. Genius, 
nature, disposition, temperanient 
constitution, essence, property. T.- 
shinds, s. m. A physician. , 

j^*jrf'l> Tabii, a. a. Natural, of 
nature, innate, intrinsic. 

(_r^-t> Tapish, s. f. p. see cr^. 

«j>>^-b Tapidan, s. m. p. see ej<*'j^. 

jj^aaI) Tapida, p. p. p. Agitated, 
palpitating, flouncing, flattering. 

Jls^ Tihal, s, f. a. The spleen. 
j[;i» Tarrar, s, m. A. A pickpock- 
et, cutpurse. 

8)1^ Tarrara, 5. m, a. Quickness, 
expedition. T. bharnd, To stretch 
out or bound (a horse at full speed). 
T.-zabdn, a. Chattering, eternal clack. 

iSjb-^ Tarrari, s. f. a. Quick- 
ness, fluency, 
jf^ Tiraz, s. m. a. 1. Lace, 
fringe, embroidery, &c., any orna- 
ment on the border of a garment. 2. 

Manner, form. p. a. (In corap). 
Adorning, ornamenting with needle 

ci>jl^ Tarawat, s. f. a. Fresh* 
ness, verdure. 

wjJ= Tarab, s. f. a. Cheerful- 
ness, mirth, hilarity, joy. 

^Js Tarh, or Tarah, s. /. a. 1. 
Manner, mode. 2. Position, estab- 
lishment. 3. Ejection, throwing. T.- 
ddr, a. Beautiful, graceful, well-sha- 
ped. T.-ddri, s.f. Beauty, elegance. 
T.-kash, Stretching, imitating. 

j^ Tarz, *. /. A. Form, manner. 

o> Taraf, * or Tarf, *. /. a. 
Side, margin, corner, quarter, extre- 
mity, towards. T.-i-sdm, A defen- 
dant ; an enemy ; (met.) a wife. T.- 
ddr, s. m. A partisan, follower, sec- 
tary, assistnjt. a. Partial. T.-ddri, s.f. 
Following, partiality, &c. 

^^A^J^ Turfat-ul-ain, a. The 
twmkling of an eye. 

^j^ Turfa, a. a. Wonderful, 
strange, rare, agreeable (anything). 

c^iV-^ Tarfain, s. dual of Tarf, 
Both sides or parties. 

t^Js Turuq, s. pi. o/(j|J^. 

jSj^ Tarriqu, imp. Id. a. 
Make way ! T.-kundn, A clearer of 
the way before a great man. 

ij^ Turra, s. m. a. 1 . An orna- 
ment worn in the turband. 2. A 
ringlet, a curl. 3. A nosegay. 

(Jj^Js Tariq, * s. f. a. 1. Way, 
road. 2. Manner, custom, fashion. 

3. Rite, religion. 

<^ij^ Tariqat, s.f. a."| 1. Way, 

AAJ^ Tariqa, s. m. a. J path. 

2. Manner, mode. 3. Religion, sect. 

4. The better sort of people. 

•■i^^Js Tasht, s. m. p. A large ba- 
son, ewer, or cup. 

j^IaJs Tadm, s. m. A. 1. Victuals. 
2, Eating. T.'buhhsh, A large spoon 

Ji, ( 359 

to serve out food with. T.-taldsh, A 




a*aJs Tuma, s. m. a. Food, bait, 

iy*Js Tan, 3. m. A. 1. Blame, dis- 
approbation, reproach, chiding. 2. 
Striking with a spear. 
^J»J^^xh Tan-taiiz, a. a. Unfor- 

Ax»i9 Tana, s, m. a. Taunting, 
reproach, ignominy, disgrace, asper- 
sion, T.-zan, A reproacher, asper- 
ser, reviler. T.-zani, s.f. Taunting, 

I>l9 Tughra, s. m. a. 1. The roy- 
al titles prefixed to public papers. 
2. A sort of writing. 

lyLili Tughyan, s. m. a. Rebel- 
lion, sedition, perverseness, insolence. 

Jil^is Tughyani, *. /. a. Excess, 

d^i? Tifl, * s. m. A. An infant, 
a child, a young animal. 

^lah Tifli, 8. f. A. Infancy. 

cuJjAJs Tufuliyat, *. /. a. Infan- 
cy, childhood. 

J^xAt Tufail, s. f. A. A parasite, 
a glutton, one who uninvited accom- 
panies one of the guests to a feast. 
adv. For the sake. 

JLb Tall, *. A. The dew. 

ilh Tila, s. m. p. 1. Gold. 2. 
Gold fringe. 2\-bdfi, s. f. Gold tis- 
sue. T.-kdr, s. m. A gilder. T.-kdn, 
s.f. Gilding. 

^Js Tila, s. A. An ointment, lini- 
ment, embrocation. 

(3HJs Talaq, *. /. a . Divorce, re- 

o^^ Talawat, s. f. a. Grace, 
beauty, elegance. 

xj^-b Tilawa, s. m. a. Night- 
watch, rounds, piquet. 

JU Til^i, a, p. Golden. 

«jL.iLb Tila-yana, a. p. Golden. - 
ajILL Tilaya, s. m. a. see «)^. 
V^Js Talab, s.f. a. 1. Pay, wages, 

salary. 2. Desire, wish, . inquiry, 

search, demand, request, application, 

sending for. p. a (In comp.) Seeking, 

seeker, requiring. 
Aiblis Talab-ana, s. m. a. Daily pay 

to constables, &c., paid by those they 

jliXjJis Talab-dar,«. a. p. Desirous. 

p. a. Asking, inquiring, s. m. One who 

receives pay. 
JiAh Talab-gar, a. a. p. Desirous. 

s. A seeker. 
(jS)^^ Talab-gari, s. f. a. p. De- 

siri.ig, wishing, inquiring, seeking. 
^ Talaba, s. pi. of Talib, In- 
quisitive, the studious, students. 
(V~Ji» Tilism, t or Tilsam, s. m, a, 

A talisman, spell. 
j^UUJs Talismati, a. a. Talis- 

^A^ Talf, s. m. A. A gift. 
tAlis Talfa, adv. a. Gratis, 
(^i-k Talq, s. m. a. Talc, mica. 
^Js Tulii, s. m. a. Rising (as 

of the sun, &c.) 
**i^J5 Talia, s. m. a. The piquet 

or advanced post, the vanguard. 
A^LJs Tamacha, s. m. p. see 

pUia Tammd, a, a. Covetous, 


to'Ub Tamancha, *. m. p. A 
slap, blow, box, thump, &c. T.-jarnd, 
or lagdna, or mdmd, To give a slap 
or box. Tamdnche se munh Idl rakh- 
nd. To conceal one's poverty. 

•^jJUi Tamaniyat, s. f. a. Rest, 
repose, tranquillity. 

(jl^-la^i, Tumturaq, s. m, p. Mag- 
nificence, grandeur. 

( 360 ) 

^Js Tama, s. f. a. Avarice, co- 
vetousness, greediness, avidity. 

«»^ Tamancha, s. m. p. A pis- 

v^is Tanab, s.f, a. A tent-rope. 

'^io Tannaz, a. a. Facetious, 
jocose, jocund, ludicrous,' pla3'ful, 

jj^Axk. Tambiir, s. m. a. 1. A Turk- 
ish guitar with six wires or strings, 
2. A drum. 

^^jJs Tambiira, s. m. a. See 

jjX'xh 1. 

_>ii= TanZj s. /. a. Mirth, joking, 
pleasantry, ridiculing. 

AikiJs Tantana, s. m. a. 1. Sound, 
fame. 2. Rumour. 3. Pomp, dignity, 

ii^jjiJs Tanin, s. f. a. Buzzing. 

ol^is Tawaf, s. f. A. Turning, 
encompassing, pilgrimage, making 
the circuit of Mecca or of some 
other holy place. 

«-ftji> Tawaif, s. f. pi. of Taifa, 
People, nations, troops (particularly 
of dancing girls). 

^yic Tuba, s. m. A. 1 . The name 
of a tree in paradise whose fruit is 
said to be most delicious, q. Excel- 
lent, sweet. 

j^Js Taur, * s. m. a. 1. Mode, 

manner, way. 2. Condition, state. 
jjio Tiir, s. A. A mountain ; Sinai. 

tj^j-^ Tiisi, s. f. A. A colour so 
called ; a kind of purple. 

Us^Js Tota, s. m. h. A parrot. 

^Jis^ Tuti, s. /. p. A parrot, par- 

ci^JsTauf, s. m. A. 1. Surround- 
ing, making the circuit, going round. 
2. Pilgrimage, the procession round 
the temple of Mecca. 

yjUjis Tiifan, s. m. a. 1. An in- 
undation or deluge; the universal 

deluge. 2. A hurricane, a storm of 
wind and rain. 3 (met.) A quarrel- 
some person. T.-tirdzi, s. f. Pe* 

jylijJsTufani,^. A. Stormy ; quar- 
relsome, boisterous. 

Q>J= Tauq, *. m. A. 1. A collar, 
yoke. 2. Necklace, chain (for the 
neck whether for ornament or punish- 
ment), a ring. T.-i-zanjir, Irons, 
manacles. T. zanjir karnd, To im- 
prison, to put in irons. 

Jj^ Tul, 5. ni. A. Length. T.-i- 
harf, or T.-i-sukhan, or T.-i-kaldm, 
Prolixity, length of discourse, many 
words, a. Long, tall, extensive, last- 

^'^j^ Tul-ani, a. a. Long. 

u^^'H'j^ Tulidun, s. m. a. Fox's 
grapes, night shade (Solanum ni- 

jl^jJo Tiimar, s. m. a. A book, 
volume, roll, account-book ; a story. 
Jami-tumdr, The produce or collec- 
tion of a land recorded in government 
books. T.-navis, An accountant. 
Jj^Js Tawil, a. a. Long, tall, pro- 
AijjJ: Tawila, s. m. A. \. A long 
rope with which cattle are tied, a 
tether, a foot band, fetter. 2. (vulg. 
Tawela) A stable, a stall. 
o^l.j.Js Taharat, s. f. a. Purity, 
cleanness, sanctity. 

j-^is Tuhr, s. m. a. Purification, 
cleanliness, purity. 

^ Tai,