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DICTIONARY 



or 



NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY 



GLOVtR Gravet 



DICTIONARY 



OF 



NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY 



EDITED BY 

LESLIE STEPHEN 

AXD 

SIDNEY LEE 



VOL. XXTI. 

Glover — Graviit 



MACMILLAN AND CO. 

LONDON : SMITH. ELDER, & CO. 
J890 







/?//^5- 



■r-A^ V 




'/ ■ 7-' :-' 



LIST OF WRITERS 

JS THE TWESTY-SECOSD T0LU3CE. 



J. O. A. . . J. G. Aloer. 

T. A. A. . . T. A. AaCHKR. 

G. F. R. B. G. F. EusMit Buns. 

B. B. Td R«t. Bokub BiTira. 

T. B. Thomas Batkk. 

W. B-K. . . William Bathe. 

C. B. .... Pbof«S80b Ck3l Besdall. 
G. T. B. . . G. T. BwiTAOT. 

A. C. B. . . A. C. BiCELiT. 
W. G. B. . W. G. Blace. 

B. H. B. . . The R»t. B. H. Blacxsb. 

W. O. B. . . The Ret. FBorassoB Bl.uzie, D.D. 

Q. C. B. . . G. C. Boasb. 

G. S. B. . . O. S. BocLOKB. 

E. T. B. . . Kns Bbadlet. 

A. H. B. . . A. H. BnLLKK. 

O. W. B. . G. W. BuBjtirt. 

J. B-T. . . . Jambs BcturLxr. 

E. C-K.. . . Edwix Caknah. 

H. H. C. . . H. HAimcBs Chicbbvtbb. 

A. U. C. . . MuB A. H. Clkkxe. 

J. C Thb Bet. Jambs CoorEit. 

T. C. .... TaoMFsoit CoopiB, FSA. 
W. P. C. . . W, P. CotnmiET. 

C. C ChAKLBS CBEIflHTOIl, M.D. 

H. C. . . . . The Ret. Pbokibsob CBnosTu.t. 
Lh C IdoxEL CusT, F.S.A. 

A. D ADifTlN DOBSOX. 



R. D. ROBZBT DUXLOP. 

I F. E. Fbabos EspDrAssiL 

I C. H. F. . . C. H. FiBTM. 

J. G. P. . . J. G. FoTBERDreBAK. 

Sl R. O. . . S. R. Gaxdibbk, IXJ). 

B. G Rkxabd Gabhbit. UU). 

J. T. G. . . J. T. GiLBBBT, FJ8A 
E. C. K. G, E. a K. GojraBB. 

G. G. .... GOBSOB OOODW U I. 

I A. G The Rbt. Alkzaadeb Gobdov. 

: E. G Edxitxii Gosse. 

B. E. G. . . R. E. Gbateb. 

K P. G. . . Tme Bet. B. P. GBAm. 

J. K. G. . . J. X. Obat. 

J. C. H. . . J. COTBBKBT HaDDBX. 

' J. A. H. . . J. A. Hamiltdb. 

I 

T. H. Thb Bet. Thomas Hamilton, D.I>, 

W. J. H. . . Pbopebsob W. Jbbomb HABBuaH, 
T. F. H. . . T. F. HzMDSBK«. 
R. H-B. . . Thb Ret. Richabo Hooper. 
T. C. H. . . Sia Theodobe C. Hope, K.C..S.L 
W. H. ... Thb Rbt. Whxiam Hubt. 

B. D. J. . . B. D. JACBuir. 

C. L. E. . . C. Lt KlKOSFOBD. 
J. K. .... JOSBPB K.VI0BT. 

H. K. , , . , CoLOVKL KirotLTs, R.A, 

J. K. L. . . PbOFESSOB J. R. LAtOKTUX. 

S. L. L. . . Sidney Lkb. 



vi List 

N. UcC. . . NoBKAM Maoooll. 
£. M. ... £xBU Mackat, LIU). 
J. A. F. M. J. &.. FuixEB Uaitlamd. 

L. M. U.. . Itfue SflDDLKTON. 

C. H COBHO MoKKUoasz, 

C. O. U. . . ClAUUB O. MOMTBFIOBK. 

N. H NOBHAM MOOBX, M.D. 

W. R. M. . W. a MOBFILL. 

T. Thb Bit, Thomas Oldkn. 

H. P. Hmtbt Patoh. 

E. L. P. . . R. L. PooLK. 

B: P HiBS FOBTBU. 

£. J. B. . . E. J. BAFW'if. 
J. M. R. . . J. M. Eioa. 
L. C. S, . . IjLon C. Sanuicbs, 
J. M. S. . . J. M. So/rr. 



of Writers. 



W.F.W.S. W. F. Wkmtwobtu Shiblw. 
0. B. 8. . . G. Baknktt Suith. 
L. 8. .... Lklib Stephsk. 
C. W. 8. . . C. W. SunoK. 

J. T Jambb Tait. 

U. R. T. . . H. R. Thddsk. 

T. F. T. . . PaoraBBOB T. F. Tout. 

J. V John Vbwk, Sc.U. 

B. H. V. . . CoLONBL Vbitch, R.E. 

A. V AlAAQBB VlAH. 

&L a. W. . Thb Rbv. M. Q. Watuns. 
F. W-T. . . Fba-vcib Watt. 

C. W-H. . . Chablm Wklck. 
L, W Luciur Wolf. 

W. W Warwick Wbotb, F.S.A. 



DICTIONARY 



OF 



NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY 



Glover 



Glover 



GLOVEB, BOYER {J. 1758-1771), 
Mufgletoniui, was b watch and clock m&ker 
in lieadenhall Street, London. He wks & 
atrong Hu^letonian, but the notices of him 
intherecon&of the sect are Teryacanty. He 
acted as a peacemaker, and opposed the is^ue 
of the fourth ri760) edition of Reere and 
Muggleton's ' Divine Looking-Glaas/ contain- 
ing political paaaages omitted in the second 
<1601) and fifth (1&46) editions. Glover's 
epiritoal songs are more in number, and 
rather better in quality, than those of any , 
other Muggletonian writer. His pieces are 
to be found in ' Son^ of Gratefull Praise,' 
&c., 1794, 12nio (seven by Glover); and 
' Divine Songs of the Mugfrletonians,' &£., 
1829, 16mo (forty-nine by Glover, including 
the previous seven, and one by his wife, 
Elix&beth Glover). Others are in unprinted 
manuscript collections. 

[Manoscri^t archives of the London Moggie- j 
tonians; works cit«d above.] A. G. 

OLOVER, CHARLES WTLLL\.M 
(1806-1863), violinist and composer, was bom 
in London in February 1806. Glover played 
the violin in the orchestras of Dniry Lane 
and Covent Garden theatres, and was ap- 
pointed musical director at the Queen's 
Theatre in 1832. He composed numerous 
songs, duets, pianoforte pieces, and arrange- | 
ments. Some of the vocal pieces are semi* \ 
comic, such as 'Cousin Harry ;' while ' Tis ' 
hard to give the Hand where the Heart can ' 
never be ' is a specimen of his once popular 
sentimental ballads. Glover died on 23 >Iarch ' 
1863. 

[Brit UuA. Catalognw of Hoitic ; (rrove's Diet. ! 
i.S()0;6rown'BBiog.Dict.p.273.| L. M. M. 
.. TOL. XZIl. 



GLOVER, EDMUXD ( 1813 :--18e0), 
actor and manager, was the eldest son of 
Julia Glnvtr ~q. v.] He occnpit^l for a time 
a leading position at the Haymarket Theatre, 
and went to Edinbuigh, where, under Mur- 
ray, he played leading business. He appears 
to have joined that company about 1811. He 
was a man of diveisitied talents, a sound, 
though not a brilliant actor, a good dancer, 
fencer, and pantomimist, and the possessor 
ofsome skill m painting. A high position was 
accordingly conceded him in Scotland. His 
salary in 1842 was three guineas weekly,the 
parts be plared including Richelieu, Stuke- 
feyin the 'Gamester' to the Beverley of Ed- 
mund Kean, Rob Roy, Claude Melnotte, 
Creon in ' Antigone,' Jonas Chuzzlewit, John 
Peervbingle in the ' Cricket on the Hearth,' 
Othello, Macbeth, Richard HI,Iago,Shvlock, 
Cardinal \Volsev, Robert Macaire, ano Don 
Cssar de Baam' On 16 Jan. 1848 he played 
Falkland in the' Rivals,'being biefirst appear- 
ance after a recent severe accident. At this 
Eriod be engaged Jenny Lind[q.v.l to sing in 
linburgh, Glasgow,and Perth, and cleared 
3,000/. by the transaction. Embold'^ned by 
this success be tooka large hall in Weet\ile 
Street, Glasgow, which he opened as the 
Prince's Theatre. In 18o2 he undertook the 
management of the Theatre Royal, Glasgow. 
He b^ame lessee als :> of t he Theatres Royal at 
Paisley and Dunfermline, and in 1 8ii9 opened 
a new theatre at Green'*ck. During this 
period his connection with Edinburgh was 
maintained. On 27 March 18*iO be was 
Othello to Macready's lago. He played 
Falkland at Murray's farewell benefit,220ct, 
18ol. On 17 March l%.V{ he began to alfT- 
nate with Pnwrie the parU of MacWth and 



MadulT, on 24 Fet. \M7 playw) tTio brolhera 
Dei FrnncJii to tlw Rnmn (linrrlinf of Mr. 
llenrrlrvinfr, mul on hU ln--it appcarnnce iil 1 lie 
EdmDiirffhTheHtreUoval.a") Muy Iw'ii.', vfn», 
athi«owii(l«>»irB.Tri[>l'.'l in 'Mnnkniind l''nr«-s.' 
lib fand h''i'n ill for Homi.* rJute. and diii) on 
23 (.)«. iNiO of dropsy, ut 3 (isyliflil I'lmv, 
Edinbiireh, in tbc bo»»e of Mr. Kotx-n. Wynd- 
baui, Nubawiuentiy manager of the Tlientre 
H/ivkI in ih&l city. His mftnagcriol caro«r 
WB8 Biictvscful, iniicb In^l.u Ix-ing tlispUyed 
by him iu moimtiug {ii«ci«. He left. bt-liioJ 
huB, in udditiun to utliiT cbiltlruu, a isoii, 
WiUiun:, who ix wiiil lu tnlmril hi» fatlier's 
tAlrmlaoa a pAinler, a srvond eon, Samiiisl, 
a Scotch coau'diaii, who fliiHl abrcMd, and a 
dAuf(1iir-r who mftrriwi Thomas I'owrie, k 
Scolcli tra^ediiLU. 

[Dib>:liii's Aniutls of t.h« Ivdiiiburgh HL4|[n, 
IHKH: EraAliaana«k: Kra newEfuiwr, S7 March 
)H60, prirat« infonriAMon ) J. K. 

GLOVER, OKOKGE (Jt. Wjr> I6«)). 
mm iif Ihi! i-arlic.ll Kng'tiafa engrai'ef^, work>>d 
etimewhat m the maiumr a{ John Payne, 
whose pupil hf may harn biwit. He tuted hU 
envcr in a Imld and efiecdTo Btylo. IIU 
oetdfl ore usually wi<ll ivndprpd, but the ac- 
ceaaoriM ore wenk. Rome of his <-Ti);ravin|^ii 
aniofpreatintereet and rarity- Amonjrtheni 
were portrails of Chjirli-s 1, HenriiMtn Marin, 
Cborlea It, Catht^riiic >if Itra^niu, Jaiiirw, 
dakt of York; Mary, jiriiiceis of (lraii|;;(>; 
Robert Devept-tis, cart of Ensci (on honw- 
back); AlgiTHon I Vn-v, ttarl of .\'orlliuinb*"r^ 
land; Sir Kdwiird LU-riiij;, liarl. (Iwite wi- 
entved, one a rudui.'vd copy); Sir Williaiu 
Drereton (on h(»r»eb«rk): Yaurar Iti'n Ali- 
dallAi ambasitador Crom MoniL-cu; Jamee 
Usab«r, archbishop of Amifijrli ; John l.il- 
bumc (an oval piirtmit,<'n(iTii, rod first in Ifi-ll, 
and ottered in lf!4tt bv plndtiff pn§oi) bars 
MSnss the portrair); John Prm. M.P., Sir 
Getnfp) Strode, Sir Thooiaa I'rquharl, Dr. 
John Pr»«t<in, LordVinoh, Sir William Wal- 
ler, and many others. Several of the*; »nd 
Oth>-r |Hirlrairii n-ere etificnivcd for the book- 
wlh^i-fia.H fronliKjiiifiDxt^to books; (<lovor tAto 
enfravvd mimi-riDiiit tilli^paj^s. A ri-miirk- 
ftblo broaditidA cntrraved bv h'lni ft'ivtss the por- 
traits and bioKraphtiiiof Willimn Ktanx, ihe 
giant porter, Jrlii-rv Hudfton. ihw dwarf, and 
Thomas Parr, tJie vcn- tdd man. Sumt* of 
Glover's portniil#,''*"'h ft'* iho'ipnf SirTlmmiu' 
Urquhdn. and Innocent Nalh. Witl.aii idint, 
were engraved from thf life. I[i« pnrlivdt 
works bcitr the ftddrew of ^Villian1 lVnkf.> 
[l- ^O' '"'' ^t**"" most of the early EucliBb 
«ngraTen worked. Glovrtr'e own portrait 
wAfl engrarud by K.Omve,jun.. from a draw- 
ing formerly In Uldyt'a poaaession. 



[DoddV MS. Hi>tt. of B[i)cli&h I^ogmrcn, Bril 
Mun.Addit. MS. 33401; BcTun'.DitLof P.iinten 
nud Kugraverft; CaMlo^a of tba Sutherland 
Collwtion.l L. C. 

GLOVEB. JEAN <176H-iajl), Stntch 
poi'lfw.'", WM nam at Kilmamoi^k, /\yT»hir^ 
31 Oct, ITS'*, lii?r I'utbfr Ia'io^ a Imnd-Ioomj 
w^a^tr. \\Tiile very young she joined a bond! 
of Hirolliiii^ |dayt.T» iirid nuuriud ibotr lesdcr.l 
Biim> dcftiTibe.-. Iipr in unqualifle>l lemt-i a" 
u jKTi^tn wilh no chnrncter to loBe,but oihe 
i:-i>iitfm)Htmri)-i>, tvh'i Iod^ survivcHJ hnr, xaj 
that pho was mtrndy 'a roughly hardet 
Inunp, n. wilful, r(!^ardle$£ woman.' He 
hn»btmd'i( fhri.^inn nwine or ennianix was' 
Kichard. Buni§iiiuiiuianlydi»i>os<.t>ofhimn« i 
'nfloight-of-hand blnckguanl. Jean (ilovcrj 
bad the rt'piiiation ofbi^inLM.huhi.'i>lBing^>rHnd : 
actor in thecoinpiuiy.and in gniidy attire hIv 
iwcd to play on a lambourine in the Mi 
loatlraetL'tietomure to her husband 'juggl 
in u nmni down a Hom*.' In h*^ plnyi 
finery hhe etmck one ingennouf^ observer 
"thu liniwt'Kt woman that- had «v«r bewi tweall 
to step in leather tJioon.' Hnr bright, me-J 
lodioiiH lyric *Ower the mnir among the] 
Heather' m • |?enninp nddition to Scotti 
pastoral poetry, She may have compontd 
others, but tht-y are not preserved ; this one,' 
happily, wu^ wrhtvii down by BuniH from 
the tintpni; of Jt-sn Olovfr lierw^Jf. Sle^vB^l 
T,pwi9 used the same air for a ballad of his, 
with which it is important not to confound^ 
this lypiffll Scottish *.itig. Jcfin tJlovor died ' 
at I..eUerkRnny, co. Dnne/ulf in IHOl. 

LJuhnsoii'v MuKical Mnwum; Ayrshire Con^ 
lomporaries of Bumo; Chambent'a Life ait^ 
Wrtri* of Burufl, iv. '29i ; Tytlfr and WntBoei'^ 
.SmiBSlfflsw of Scotland, toL t.^ T. It. 

aLOVER.JOHN(l7M-1771l.pre«rhCTJ 
boni in 1714, nn b-Bving scbo-d in hin fmir-l 
teenthyearwftRapnnintJci:^ tohHmneM,whi'n 
bewussoon movea by religious impuWe, In 
1 "Jft bf \nui miicb inHuenoed by tho tenohine 
of the met bodiflttt at Norwich. Hiepublieihed 
memoirs arc entirely devoted to religious tv- 
tleclion. In I7<11, his hoiilth failed, and ho nv 
tireO from buainewi. Thf latter jjortiiiii of hix 
life Biwma to Imvobocn spent tnpr&ochlngand 
in writing mitgioua pamphl'i'ts. Hi!> dt«d 
NormchO May 1774. 

He published: 1. 'Some Scriptural Dt- 
rticlionrt and Advict to assist tliv I'aith an<~ 
l*rartice of true B^liivi'r*. . . , The fvtconA 
fdition . . . much ^nlar^ed, Tn which 
add.Hl,Two conmUtory Iflt'jra.wriltrn by Ml 
eminent Ohristiun ... to one who weem* " 
to be neflr bis Dissolution.' Norwich. 177* 
12mo. A third edition impeured in 1791^ 
'2. ' Some Memoirs of tJie Life of J. G. 



Glover 



Glover 



Written hj ktaiMit To vfaich b iiHrf. ■ 
•vnnna Tno I'mlm sii. T (br J- C»rier) 
wa cbeJnw tbt> ocrw<Kin nf hi* il'«tli.' 'J ptft. 
l,..nil.«. 1771. limn. '''•• 'Th^ Huiden ud 
!li|<|iy Lifi-oru I'hrintisn . . €Z*mi>Iifi«d 
tu ma cxtrnet from Um duur of Mr. J. OV 
London [1775 ^],l3»oo. 

OJWJVER, JunX n;fl7-l*l91, Uad- 
.tt>r, son vr ft »in&ll (unier, wu born 
uulilon-TMi-th^tlill. Leirestenbbv.no 



at n 



rn: 



Hd [irufit«d Ml wcU bjr pUio 

IS 'n Vu> npjyiintMl nustef I o«w »fr 

ci»r '.i£ler} or lb« &M cehool 

«T A ! Trum * boy be had been 

I in 1791 fail* nmoTMl to 

: ,1 u sa utist Md dnw- 

1 1 L' 13 .^id to hav* bwB ntlinJr 

', Kod hi: soon begia tn pftint in 

' '■:tch. lie quIrklTKttrsrt^ kdmi- 

I in IrW) wiut nnr of the orifinal 

I'. of tbf IDOW Hot*!) Siici«4y of 

I> II ii - la WalMr-coloora. Id thi# y«ftr he 
. Loodon. when h-- "■"'k up l>i« re- 
al til M(>nl«fnt -S-junrv. Frftm l>05 
hr (xntnbtiUid lH:i norlu to the ex- 
iuiia •}( th« vicMl;, utd ullimalrjjr be- 
ooc of rhft ifu»t fadrianaHn dnwiiif;- 
the dnv. Thooftfa hia BMtl»od wm 
)Jwi of WilliAm Plijrne [q. v.^ the 
ityV of Ilia <^oaitioo wu CDtiie» his own. 
crilir writing in ISSl ilateB tut it *ex- 
t^ inifewto; mrioeity uid « dMire of 
iu;>an to • tfaoiuand adairen. The ap- 
imtly mrflf» •cumblinir of hbck ftsd 
lit- ab«eaoe of defined famu, the dU- 
in« unbroken pntcbrti of vi-Itov, imnge. 
Ip'^'Mi, ivd, brown, kc, which npon does 
iR^lox'finn made up tb(> fonvrooaa, niddl^- 
l^nind*. and ofF-«kip in Im ooapoaitions, 
i cnnn-ly lo prwlude all necemtv for 
_ labour of previous stady.' tJne of hi* 
iOtt dtrtlcmua derkw waa the twistinff of 
ramrl-hair briuhei) toother nn<t spreedin^ 
bain ^>n as to produce rapid imitalioa 
In waa \tTT clever aUo m hi* 
r^nrw.-tive and in ^flisrtfl of sunbmnu 
flril . -1 cloiuls and Irt-en, H» w.-nl 

to 1' ■ ■ ■ 1, and whilp rhre paintM in 

thn Lontre a lar^'o laiidKa|H* compovittoa, 
wbii-Jintftwted tb<"«tl''ntiiin cifl^iuiaXVITT 
at the Pari* enhibition nf thai year. This 
jNCiDrv, for which the kine (rranted biin a 
(titlil nuylal, wan ^ihibitM at the Wati^r* 
mlotir S'»cMy'» rxliibiliyn in 1817, undrr 
I'tha til If of Landscape Conpoaitioo.' 

ta 1t^l& (iloTirwaa elected ptteidenl of 
Woti-r-rnlimr P*>ri»'tT, btit wan not r^ 
ted in iK.- fcU-iwinp year. lie went ta 
i^liiafsiBinlt^l3,andarivrward«to8witxer> 



I Uttd and Italy, bri f ia g boa* fO rt hXm 
I fall ofriw»cha»,Bwwiiidthi aaisledKM* 
large pietona !■ eO. Owia^. it ia aaid, to Ua 
adTccacT, Iha Soeaecf of M «tar<ola«B fcr ft 
lev yew* <IRlft^3)> adiaitted flO-pctwe* 
to tWir -^'■a-i'^^- Scnnl of Qloiv^ 
wnriaiaatl lmM(btlaif»wicMa. L«adO*r- 
bm nTc fiOOIL tar hb new <tf 'Dttrka 
Catbfdral.' which U aowat Ludilca GutJe. 
Thooffli \6» an ««« gnMnDjr oaa iM J to 
laiidfcue, with an occBaonal am tMl«n%ke 
•£&! inOie aocw^y't exhihitMa ail6l~« w 
paaitioA ai canlr witk a lifrai» Ml. a pb- 
fjeof goala, and 1 wops Bt«.a«rf«CBlplig»^ one 
</ a oow and tlw otwr of as a« and fcal, 
modalU bnoi sal un^ la ISlBhewHUivw 
fruB t he aorietT m ard«r IB W » OhadidaU far 
the boDDtui of the Royal Aoadoqr. llitbecta 
be bad rarely eontribatad to tba exUbil«oaa 
of tbe Afjeaiy, Ipat be aow nenl wra n»- 
turaa, aU of Kanery in Eagiand and Wum^ 
and ia the next y«ar firCf mtr of whidi were 
Italian in sabWt, Bvt bis bnM wetv <fi»- 
Bi^ouited. and the yrw ntUrr ( IHSO) he did 
D'Jt tend anytbing to the Aeadnay, bnt bdd 
an ftxhihitioBia Old Bond Straelttf bit wnrka 
in oal and waler-eotimr. In IKM he wa« ooe 
of the faondan of Ihi- SocietT of Britiib 
ArtiMs. Tn the ethihitii^ns fi tiuM moHy 
be contribnted till IKW, and he maaiBed a 
isMBber of it till bit dcAtb. 

It had baeo hia iateatiaa to i^tirr to ma- 
water, wb«ve be bad jHtrduM'l a K'i«n and 
aome laad, hot in 1 Sfil be emiffmied tn tba 
Sto River aettloiNnt (now Weatem Aw- 
Irslia). Iframl hoaeMuar pictmrea of ooW 
nial enmerv, bait ther did nut attract par- 
chaiperK. ite din] at Xanocealm, Taaaiania, 
on Dec 1 >M0, «g«d 82, harinf^ ^au hia later 
yearm in rM^linK, chiefly relifiooa worka. 

Olrtrer WaA an artist of cnoudnrabla ikilt 
and originality, e>p(«iaUy in the nadrrtBtfo^ 
transpafimt aerial eflwia, and aHiw«{;b Ui 
»tyla b>«aiDe nuumend, b« daaerres to be 
hmounhly rvoMnibarad aaKng tbe finndefa 
of the En^Ud aekonl at watcr^olottra attd 
tbe modem acbool of Laadaeape. HI* dtOI 
in oil'ptintinir waa also OMuidamblr, and tba 
Nai-onal GaOenr hu laoeBlJjr aniuired an 
'-xc4-ilcot example ofUaworitra this modiam 
by the bcqueai uf Mia. ElizalK^h Vani^han 
('Ludseape wHb Cattle.' No. I18(( in ibu 
catalojruc)- Kxata^lea of hia a&ill are alao 
tu tK •><«n at the Dntiab aad South Keodag- 
ton Maavutna. 

fB(dfrmre'sDiet.af ATtiala.]87B: R«lfTai^ 

rcolorj uf PaiotcT«; ^^imnraot Hn«iM) UaMta, i, 
13X; Aanabof the Fine Arts. IRI7,p. »■; M^. 
of tlw Fine Ana.i. li:t.&e.: CodMUr, Anyvat 
18S8: firr«n'>Dirl.arP«intfln(f;rBt^). Cat. of 
Satiooal 'Oallcry. British School, I8W). O. M. 

SS 




^l^^^BBi, 8m JOIIN HAMXKY ( 1829- 
1885),Mptaiu in tttv Duvy, ndmini^tmtor of 
I'SfftM. aod gDv«ruor uf NculbuiKlIand, Km 
of the Hov. John Olorer, Eng)i»li cliaplain 
fttCologD(^',L>iit<.'P.'*J lti<* nary Ui IS41 oil bourd 
tlie Qui-cii, llagatiip of Sir Ktiwerd Owon in 
th« Meditcrrauwan, aiiJ. nfttr «ight yuiire' 
junior «'Tvirr,|>Ji-'utHii ht«i*xomiiiiition in April 
1H40. On LM (trt. I&51, while serving on 
board thf Pcni'lojiH on tlio wi-wt coimt of 
Africn, hpwHS [inimotw] In lie liiMitcnant, and 
tn May 1S5L' was apuoial^d to lli*^ [loyalist 
in iIh; K«»I Inditw. From hor hi' wm moved 
to the -sphinx, and, in oonuDuitl of lier ho&te, 
look pan in tin- dis&s4rou« nflair tit Doiin- 
bftw m Ittirmuli on 4 Fob. I SM [.M-e Loch, 
(]lUNVlLtB Gowkb], when* lie vtiie w-verely 
wouiidvd.aball L'nlvrin); undi-r tht-righl oto 
aud l>u«»lii)joit( allhf ear. lu iheBUuimtrrlji; 
mtiiriii'd ro Knfclttnd, and in (Wolier was 
ap[x>inttxl to the lloyiU Oi'urfEi*, fruiu which 
hit was tii(>ri>il in tVliniary 1^J>4 In W fini 
lieutenant of the Rosamond pnJdlo-BlM»i] in 
till- Itiillir. From IR-Vt Ui Iftii? In' hml r<)m» 
mnndol'tliit Olt^^, n Mnull atiwnii^r.Anil lh<>n 
ioin«^ the expedition to the Ni^jvr, with iJr, 
Willifim Halfoup Baikic [q.v.] In 18r>l he 
r>>lurneil to Kngland and was appointed to 
the Abonkir, but wiui nlmo»t immediately 
mori'd into \hv Arrfjgwil, goitvg out us flag- 
»hip (in the wt^at coaAt. when for the next 
Tear h«' rommandpd the Arropint's t*nder 
llandy, a «innl1 trunhoat. tin 24 Nor. im-2 
he wa» advannsl to rommaniliTV rank, and 
ht« t^rviv^ nt fiM\ camv to an end. 

(hi 21 April ISTiH ht- wn--> iippointMl ad- 
uiniHtrator of tht> giivemmonl itrl,a^Dt; in 
May 1^114 bt-ciimf" coliiiiin! cpcMnry in the 
Bani<^ pW-cj and wan from l-Vlinmry 18&K 
till lSr2 imnin adminislnilor. White hold- 
ing that office, especially in 1870, he was 
aotivplycnRaffed in nupnreMin^ iheumraiid- 
ing incumona of tlic Asliontor-K in the niiKh- 
boiiriiood of this rivvr Volla. Wiu-n. In 1873, 
wurwitb A>hunteehe(-aiu(>iminiMt^nt.(Hovn-, 
who wa» 111 I bo linio in Knfrland. voluntei-nvl 
for upeoial siiTt ice, rvpn-M-iitijifi thnt hiK in- 
Untnce wHib the nntivep wnnid probably hf 
iim-ful. Ill- wiis ifirni iiiit with vnnnv in- 
htruptions to misp a nativt> army among the 
tribes to tln« en*t of tlioUritisli territory and 
to act ni" tii?)«t)i'-<l brat, (iiihi*Tl to the gfncrn! 
control of frir (■nrn'>t {now Lord) Wot*»lcy, 
wbowt-ritont «j< cmmanilfr-in-fhief and go- 
vernor of rhctiold CoftM. Ili-Brriv»dar Capt' 
CoMt in the «arly days of Sentember, nnil, 
takinff th«ii(N> fuitav thns? hunnrcd IIoub&oj, 
already trained to oriUK, pu^h(^;) on to Accra, 
where, in the conrw of a fi'W wcrks, hi- 
gatbnvd topithor a nnliro fon-Q of from etx- 
Kentotwentytbouaaudmen. H«»oon(i>und, 



howeTer,lhal tbcy were almost lueh: 
stood in frror of tlu; A^antovi^ and refn 
tondvanci'. QIovit prop[>»<'d to employ tbeqi 
in the first in.itADCe in »ouie desultory rait.' 
till, flushod with viulory, lh>;ir timvillii 
neat would W overtMine; hnl Wolst^Iey 
rretfd bim to udvant-e into the .\£liant< 
rininln'ti>iin till AtiiMiinU- Trill) thi-mainatt.ock'^l 
and with iiurh force as he could cotniaimd. 
On loJan. l'<74, with not morp than ciiiht 
hundred Houmoa, fJlovr ri«*»pd the Pnih, 
tbrestened the I^ duniv of the Ashuuteee, 
and thus ea»ed th« work of l.bc main forot 
under Wolsck'V. Ue wils nerer serioiulj 
eagaAed, ihouffli there waa occa»ional skil 
niisbing, but tnu vtUogM in his linv of marr' 
were captured or burnt, and he orercai 
with rctnarkahla ekiU tlw proai difficult] 
tninaiHjrtinK his guui» and ammuuition. . 
KurCi^o nnt'»urRg*'d I.Le unwilling tribea 
come Up, and be eventually apuroacbud C< 
miuuii.- with H foTtt' of wiraMbing like 
thoui^anct inf>n. 

IWcewB* concluded i>n 14Frh.lft74,i 
filoTRr's diittin|^ii>-'>l>f<l Aid <lifK(^u1t (UTrrii 
was rewarded by the tlinnk>> of both hciiii 
ofpwlianwmt.'byhisbcinpnominiiti'ilCSMii, 
a 6.C.M.O., aud npjroinit'd in the lullowiv 
year governor of N^wfonndlanci. In 187) 
uo waa ptit on th» retin-d li«t of iht! nitv 
with tb^ rank of captain, but cuntinuud 
Newfoundland til! lfel,wh(m lifl was 
fenx-d to tin.' Btivirmonihip of (hv L 
UlaniK Tn \t<y:i he woJt moved bAck 
^Newfoundland. He died in London on 30! 
1886. Heinarri«)inl8r6K!Iwit..-lh 
oldeKt daiighliV of Mr. .1. Hiitlcr S<-ott 
.\nne'« Grove Abbey, Mountratb, Qiie«m^ 
Oounty, 

[Tiin», 2 Ofl. ]«8*; Aaiitiol Boi;i'iiT, ISflJ!.^ 
p. 181 : niiiftTriitt-dljomlon Npw».2.5 Arril. 1674, 
with « v«rj incliffpTi-nt [mrtml: Timr* buUetil 
1853; Bnickciiliurv'i" Anhsiili Wiir ; Royal Nb» 
lA-vt.) J. K.L 

GLOVER, Mrs. .fUl.rA {1779-1 
iK-lretu, wat) bom in Xewn->* Jnn, I77J1. ITi 
falhiT.nnncloriiamiKlIh-tU'rlonorUulKin 
in Mtid to hart) cJaiuiM dcftccnl from Tb 
Bett-erlon [ii. v.] Alxmi 1~W> »be joi 
with lirr fnlliiT the Vnrk circuit, and a 
jwared under Tnte Willfinson a» the Pae* 
the 'Orphan.' She is mitd, liko Mn-. Ihivisoi 
fq.v.]. In ha^ f plnyed the l>iikoof York to tin 
Kirhard HI of (icorpi? l-'nideriek tVv.ikv [([.v.' 
She nUo acted Tom Thunib In [hfliluniital 
of the itiunf! adar. After Kircotnpanving h 
father on country lours, whe maoe Ikt fi 
a|ipearancp at Bath, S Oct. 17%, ns Miss 
li^-rton from Liverpool, playing Mariuane in 
the ' IJramatist ' b; ItEryootaa. In tin; 4»iirae. 



1 



Glover 



Glover 



ot thii *ai rb« fottowing tcuon sbr MUCtod 
l^Mlt'tu>:>na lu tli« Otii«ilIf> of JL SJJom, 
1^5 M»cbpth, Lwly Aniknntb ia 'Wild 
Osu,' aiv<l Risnv tithiir itn|MirTant c^kTMrt^r* 
in ir«pw)\ an>i conwly, I'n !:? <»ct. 17^7 
she apppM^ at C»v«-nt liardiMi u Etwiiu to 
lUnnui MxR-'o 'Ti-nr^.' Her oigagcatsit 
wu for livF Tr-fln. ui it-rtu-t tli«o Mcuudem] 
IurIi, rwin^ Irxm I'W. [« 'JtM. m ynxk, twr 
iSlUtdr bping «lfti> mgaml. Mr*. Abiofflon, 
Lto wboD elte borv a mined Twembluu^iMn. 
rOrftwford, and !ttn>. Popn won opw>««d lo 
her. Her af-Mind ajtpMnnra u Cbariattc 
in I be ' WoBt Xadiu ' olesMd the 
^imU-rUnd) M> mueb tut he are 
rnu-^ nf :L' Ijemim.'. Emily FitSKUsn. 
in ti --i<i€in,'iiN'oT. 

17'.': - . iufwiaT, Dib- 

din'it'i nv 1 ti"iviii'.i n Vt^ir,' UfManrh 17'^', 
and WBcili-- hi-'n-iin-.-if<>tl»erplaT«. Sh^lbfrO 

■ I>U^-d L><liiiLaiii.ii:fli, Laiijr AmMnath, mad 
other fomif jian ^. V oAtt pTMaOK from the 
mauaaeiDL-iit, wlik-h prvfexTM Sin. II. Jvhfi- 
<loac in )i>-r rarl*, •be took mtiaa* cbcisr- 
t«T9, ftiirh as l^T Rundolpb, ilie (jiMen in 
' lUi'hard TTI.' Ac, for whirh i>tw> vnu l»w» 
euhed. Slu cmitTact^il ftn ftifeciion fnrJonu^ 
JBi^K^t ■" "M^tor at Ih-urv Lmk'. <rhoia sl» 
fliBil tD'-t At Rat)). AfYrr lit* death (IkivniVr 
J't'F'i litT fatiu-r, who louk tier aaJar\ ami 
,'tnNklc'd liiT wiili i-iL-i-plioiul brutality, boUI 
j birr for a ornKidLTnliiiiifDewisidt of 1^000/. 
lto Sauio"! (iliivi«r, ibw «appaaM] bi^ir to a 
llarn fortuup. Slie wa^ nuuried iO Mat«b i 
11800. and on tbt 2Tt!> plavnl Lvtitia IJardv 
I'M'tlutlotr Mii>*It<-n>rt.iii.' (»ii 10 Mai •lu' 
iwu antiouiK-<>f! a^ Mi-. Olaver. Ute M'tm 
iH*>ltrrton. Tuwards tli>> •>n<t nf ib*> ■wa a oo 
|]H(KV| dlu3 rvapjieaivd, ihnujii sbi* did nnt 
1«n pTform, On i»l iVl. IWOtf, as -Mrs. 
sly in til" *,T(-al«iUj» Wifp.' sh« made her 
5n1 ft])pearaiii.-e ai l>rur5 Ijitx-. NcK aeasoa i 
tih* vcA* Rf^n at Coront Garden, wber^ ah« , 
' 7«tDaiiK-d fur foar vviu>. <*n ^ Sn><- ISIO 
ahc ap|Mstvd for lliefint rimi- at tb« Lvrtfutn, 
plaTUip with thf Dniry Lane cotnpaiiT, 
Irivwn ftwn ihrir home hy fin-. Wilh ibrna , 
're4iuiieiJ( 1813-13) tn'i.be iw-wly crwt*^ 
lae in Druxy Imh^. She war, :f<l -Ian. 
I81S, tfa« (vieinal Atliiulm in CoWridf^'a 
*Iteflaa»B.' On 12 IVh. IHU obe wsa tbe 
ill ' Rirfaard TTI ' to Ksas*! Richard, 
iml un f> .^tay Kmilia to hu OtlwUo. On 
tA S>^t. It<lft, ou ihe tirvl appf«rBn4?« of 
lacT*4djr at f'ovi.nt Garden, she plaTwJ 
IttdrT'marbr — t>-r tint apuvanDCv then- for 
I rf»Tt — In Mai'n^ily'H ureat«a. SIw ibra 
tyvi wrttb Thotna* I'ibdin [q. t.] at the 
tv in I «2l', and afain wt unit-d to l>ntr3f 
1.' Wbt-n, -iT Oi:t. l^il". at Ilruir Lana, 
play«l Mra. SalilU in ' i>aii] Pry,'' it wh 



juHUMaeed a* Wr fim iffMtiwee iWie far 

cnormuw kv u ber or^tMal iiirfaraOTB^ 
13 Sqc 1S30, at tba B^wfat. of Anfllte 
rMocM in 'AnhctMa, w Msiw MifML' 
Hfl- Mm. Sti^MOf ia ^Sinyw A Cbw.* 
4 Jan. l-^SZ, raa ao» of tW bupI Mcecafill 
of hrr angimal fwta; Firifa»i«. Mis. Mkb- 
nrop, Mn. Ghadtw, 3bs. 
Hn. SnhUe w«e iW i^iMliii a wkkA 
bs adaimUe VM «if eaiMJ;r sad her joyou 
taugn woa ai|^ nooiptuiBB. Ajuraanoaf 
fiom WdMi^s iMiiigiwiiM ti tke Hct- 
marlwt, tht M^^ad wiA Jmw Asdn- 
COB ta his dfaceOaBBf DnoT Laae. Sahac- 
avntlyafae Jotaed WUGua noxBi [9. t.^ at 
tbe9innd.wbcxeabtwcaidkroQgha raaad 
of htf beat chafBcteis, tadndc^i 'M'iiira 
Hrwa ia tbe *Lon Cbaa»' of Sharidaa 
KdowIm, et vtoeh. at thr TTaj— it<l ia 
1637, ahena tbif ocigiaaleiinaart. What 
' WM called » ppnifwioBal fareirtU loot ptaee 
at bcTbcDcOl all>ruprLukf,Fbda;.l:2.Jol7 
ISoO, vbM) abe ]Jaj«d Cnt the 1a«t lime M 
Mcs. 3Ulapro|L ^w fed bMB iB far wwfci, 
and waa acaKel j able 10 speak. Od the fbl- 
hnrinc TnMday cbe &A. On Friday tba 
ISth^vMbwnd wmrhtt blhar ia tba 
rfaurrhTaid of SL Oeaig» th^ Martyr, is 
tjtvivn ^[uare, Cloijmbuij'. Sbe bad in 1837 
twoMiuaadtwodati^rttaaliring. UvTMiiia, 
Ednund and WiUisaBmraKLan mifiiiliil)! 
nfl(ic«L Un^AiicOIBSSateghlarmada 
ber fiiat appeafwwa at Drwy Lana ■• Joliai to 
the ICotDCO of Kran, wbvn Uic Ulorer irai 
xhff Nunc A wnlcr in ih^'New SlattlUy 
.Maganoe ' f pcDbaUy Talfcrard) mj* * tbat 
aometnnca hn mother, in h«r aaxivtr, fbq^ 
a diepiiae extreiaely diffiealt tor b«r rich wd 
bearlT htnaoor to aamuDe* (vL 3iJ0). Mn; 
'rtnrpr iraj> rtTT aahapi^ in her domeatio 
rvlatitmii. Her utber |R«y«d iipm bar irattj 
h^died,a^^ otct ei|;btj. Iler hubanddid 
t be tame for aline, tml bilad to a diahoaour- 
iiw prociMidiiia b« hraiucht agahul her. Mra. 
utoTsr was pm^ in smn, and in ibv «iid 
corpulent. Xaalw, in ma ' Aatobioffraphjr/ 
epeals of her aa ' laoaatioiialjr bu.' Sbe wsa 
lair in rr>iD|d(iuoD, and cf tniddbi baiKkt. 
Sho ira<i tbt^ find rotDic aetrrw of the period 
of her midille life, and had a wondarfal iii»- 
morjr. Benjamin Web»t4?r ffpealu at bar (»• 
citine' feme after tatat Terhattm (ma Han- 
nah Hore'a ' Percy ' after it liad beoi witb- 
dmwn trom tbo staj^ thirtr T^aim. 'Tba 
.Stai,-«'O^I4~l&.i-l^)t<B]rB': -'Hra-Olovvr 
ia imieed D Tiolent a^tr^a ; it ia too mad lo 
NIT that ebc- is a coaiM oae.* Sba ia gnw^ 
rally crpdited, however, wilJi rvBncnent and 
difltiaccioQ, and in h«r elowifr dan waa 
called the • Mother of the Sta^.' lioaden. 



in 1883, tlfrclnriKl h«r the abWt ncLress in 
exUletin>. Sliu imce, ncronliii)* lo ^Vullur 
DonaldiMJii, playi'd in \S'2'2 nl ^\^^: Lyei-uin 
Hnttilft for lisr binielit i Hi^fiHectiun* <if tm 
Aftur.^. 137). Th« »nie niithtirily ([•■ 13?) 
•lays lier hnitlitT.Julin BrtlvrloD, wit* a gond 
nclor mid ilftncir. 

[Wc)rl[-t eiied ; )>io|cmphjr l>y BenjiutiiD Wob- 
iUt, prc-Bxtvl lu liL^ t^iliuuof lh(< Count tjr Squire 
of thujce; denwil'ft AwwurJ of ibi* Knglicfi 
StAgi-; Oxtcrry's Dr&mntic Biog.; Em nci^-H- 
p«i[>er,-il July 1850; Aeturs by iMjliBlit.l 

J* Jii 

GLOVER, MOSSES (j*. l&'O-lfUO). 
paioti^T nnd arrliitrfT, U pHncipiiily known 
Iroui \\\': luive survey hy him, drawn on 
vt^Ihiiu in lllvto.uf Synnllniiv ai)il tlicliiin- 
diwl of Ink-wiirlli, which i.-* pnwiirvKl at 
SyoD IloHW. A plan for rebuildiuff IVi- 
wnrth Jloujw, dnttJ Htlo, nnd prfscnrcd 
there) h&a ulw> bi-i-n ulinljut(«l to hint, nud 
it hiw Ixfn I'liiijxiurcd thfit hc)iad Bfthamiii 
building tli« riioring Cross frout of Nurlh- 
iunl:icirliitiil I]iium>, which wa.* complitti-d in 
Hi05. On ''50 St-pr, I02i a liw-nse wa* iBsupd 
I'rotn the Ri"lnip of 1 ."iiiihin'* nflicf fur Miii>e< 
(HoTtT of rslrwoith, MiddloflPK, pninti-r- 
iitaitier, und Juliana CJuIliver of ihe sami.*, 
widow of ItiihnnUIiillivf-r, piiint^r, loniarrj' 
nt Si. ItoioiphV, j\Ider«j|!atc, London. \\*f 
•wt» pmbably etuplojtil principally at Syoii 

[l>iec. of Arohi torture : WolpoleV AnwiIotiHt 
uf PainUng (DoUa by Ilnllntmy) ; Aiingirr'n 
Hiitoiy of Syoa AIon'iMvry. && ; Murringv Li- 
cenoea. Hiabop of Lnndon (Hurl. Six. I'ltMini- 
liona).] I- C. 

OLOVElLRirHAtt])(I713-178r>),iK«.t, 

born in Sr. Marlins Lant',rannon Strwl, in 
I7J-, w'u&lb*' "'HI <if Itichnn! CJlnvcr, a llBm- 
burf; nit-rchitni in l^ndon. If <> watt if<lnnau^d 
at Clit'am in Surrey. In 17^y a poem upon 
Sir ]»nnc Nfwton, written by liiin in his 
(•LXtrcntli yi-ar. wa* jHvfixi^d ro'A \'itiw of 
NpwIynV I'hilosiipby,' bv Henry I'enibertoM, 
M.D. fJlnver enit-ml (ii>i fallitT'c buHiuw)', 
but continiitfif hi* jwitiicat t-Horlc, und be- 
came, ftCPordinp to IViirton. n good Greek 
»cboLar. In 17S7 lip publiiihril ' Lt-amdnn/ati 
«pic pfwm in blank Tfirw and in ninelinnhft. It. 
went tbniueh four editions '■^as pmihi^ by 
Lord Lytteltoii in a iwriixlical iiajifr cjilU-d 
'ComiDun Son.^',' ainl by Kii'tding in tlm 
' Clinnipi'in.' I'L'mbprton exfolUd it* mrnt« 
tit n pftinphli>t polk-d 'ObwrvntionionPootrj", 
flBueciallr opic, iK'{:iiNtoiifd by . . . L(>onida«,* 
17%). Olovpr rcpubiisheJ ir, enlnrprd to 
twelve books, in 1770. Two lati-r I'uitiou* 
appctirrd in 1798 and IWU ; and it hai- bet-n 
tranAlalcd into Fnmch (173d)Bitd Q4>rman 



(I7(K>). It WM takvn wa unelical manife _ 
in the inTnra^ts of Walfioh- a ant a^iiist«. In~ 
I73y <J!«ver published ' London, or tho Pro- 
aTn* iif ( VtniiHTcc,' uIbo in blank v«rse ; 
uiboaeRtillreadftbl'^ iHtllad, * ITosicr't^ Gb'ut 
wfi-rrinjr lo the iinfortniiati? ex)ii^i(ion 
Admim) Ko«ir.tr in I72t>. It na^s «.pirit< 
enough tosiirtivvtlie imiuviJiatv intvn-»l dl 
to tlif 'J'-nkinsV car' exoit«'nii^nt, and wi 
iwpublJihcd iu Percy'* ' Kt'U<}Uvs.* Glove 
opuoaed ihe iiuniiiiiiLion of a partinan of Wu 
[polo a* lord amy or. and in 1743 took paii 
I til ori« of iht- ax-oiitllig iiiKin tho falling tail ' 
ler. The Inrd tnavor, Sir Ttob^rt Godwin 

Sm-wtiiitii n petition eiRned by three lni_ 
[ff^rl nii^rchant.i, and drawn up by Glove 
(^U Jan. ), complaining of ihetiuidtHiiinto pr 
tftpiion of itriliah coninn-r«% and Ulnyer a( 
tiTWanUi nttendi^t) to cum up their tfTidpni 
liffore tliP Uou*H of Oouiaious, \\\* fan 
ti*n pftlriot was rt'cogniswl in Ihe 1>ul1k'!« i 
Marlboroiigb'i. wilt, dhf dii-U in 1744. Xvom^ 
in^ 50U/. apii>ce totilntcr and Midht lowritl 
thv diiki-'s lift.', llt^ rvtiuiod to undertake tli 
tfifik, all hough ht'i* Maid lo haw b-^n in rlif 
vuhifa. lie wiui o pmpriptor at thj^ time ■ 
Ihf Tcinpli.' Milln, iioar Mjirlow. AllbouB 
tntintatc Willi I.TTToltrhii,(.-obhflm,aiulothr 
bit (i"t notbiuj; by their politii-ul vii-iorv. Id 
1 751 bf «■«.■« an unAiict'<^'jisful uindidate lor iW 
oHice of oluimberlftin of tint city of Londurir 
He lo?il a patron by the dratli of Frodnriclt, 
priiiC'-tifWak-^, wh))i« aiiid to hare sent him 
"a ciMii])Mf UK l^^ nil c-liiMicti, eltRantly 
bound,' and at anof Iier t.inie fi(X>/. Th.- monwy 
lef^, IinwunT. is denied by Dunpn. lie na 
tried ib*; sli4r<', mid wrut« ' llnndirea, 
fomii>d at Drury Liint* for nin« nip-lits 
Dnci-inbiT 17'i''!, srlI praised in a piimuhlc 
by hift old ndmirtT, P«!iiibiTton. In 17ttJ h 
piibliKhed ' Mfdea,' a iraiftKly on the Oreel 
miidcl, tint intended for the stnpe. hiit rlitie 
acted for -Mr*. ViiuVcbcnulit ( 17"17. l7tJti,i 
1776). lie alwj pr(-»t>nt*-d to Mr». Yattw 
, contiiiualioit I'alh-d ' .la»on.' whii^b wa^ me\ 
I aoleti, but publi»hpil in I75ft>. (ilovur'H afliiii 
improved, and in I7ttl ho woa relumed 
piirliiiiiMMi t for W.'vtooul li, doubtlee« tlirougl 
the interest of his fricnft, Hnbh Dodtngtoil 
who enlisted him in 8up[)ort of Bute, 
only n-onrdcd fti^i-t-oh wn» on ly Aluy 1761 
when he ojipoM-d n nub^idy t'O Pori iifful, ati( 
wax »Ti»wer«d by Pitt. lie is said to hatf 
Mippnrtfd Ciporpe [imrnTillc, but did not ai^ 
after the di«aolutiou erf 17*33. He t<«ik 

iirominent port in arranpin^r the aftaira 
luu^Ia*. ileroU, & Co,, wliuae fnilure in 1741 
I made a };f\>at si-U-iut inn ; and appciirvd li 
bi-fore commi(iL-es of the House cf Cotomof 
lo «uiii up fvidrtri-r as laoonunercial j^rivf 
ancen (1774andl77^>. His st«t«iaeDts ' 



Glover 



7 



Glover 




I 



I 



pubtialwd, «Dt) on tlit> liist ncc«»inn bo n.<0'>>'»(l 
■ piMit of plAta wnnli SiClOi. frnm tb'* W<<Bt 
laaift mmnuits iii nclninwlod^eut gf lii« 
»wi(v«. Ill- litL-ii at tiis limiw m AllwDiarli- 
Suvvl, l*fi Nov. 17^. Ilia will uienlioiiB 
iu lIh.' uly uf LoikIoii, in .Soutti 
■ltd in Kf^nt, where he w&e lonl of 
'nmtor r'C IViM u. IK' m:irrit-'l Hauu&li 
Xunn. ■ Iftdr ct( pn^perly, yi .Mny 17^7, und 
liad twd <Hiii» liv itor, but n'ne ilivurt.''.-<l iu 
ITfitL A *-(iiiiil wif.' survived liiin, A son, 
HidtAri (Jlori-r, wiu M.l*. for Pcorvn. uid 
PMmuUmI l<t till' Innt-r T>'rti|ilc Hull > iHir- 
tniluf Rirlianl Wc^l, lonl fbaiici'^llarof Irv- 
laad, wW mm ih(< r^ldt-r (Etorer'tt inuteruHl 
invWtUid fitiber of (inty'n friend. 

Hwpcmidprcnui' AiiK^iwid.'an ppic i>oem in 
ibift* boola, wsfi piit>ti»h>H) in liS7 br liir 
Amgtiirri Hnt. llntHty. It u tniicb lun^fcr 
Mid ao fiv wuHM: ihnii ' Luoitidaii,' but tiu utw 
Ib« tk^-n ahlf la rvmd either for m i-<^iit iir)'. 

A "fturv r«ll»-( ' Mfmoin bjr ti |)ti'titi)j'iiiHbr-d 
IJi- ■ . ■ ■ , ilfhArwii-rrCiloviT^fpora 

iB. _ - : l{<.V>.jrl W«IiwU.in 1742 

M Uti' i>l-)Iiti"i>i>ir'ftt of i»rd f .'liAthain*.<) »a- 
aa^wlniiniEtraiion in I757'w«s|>tibii»bedia 
leiSfbT IL [>>i|>p<i [q. « . J I ft wiM iWliowi-d in 
J»*U br • An Inijtiirycottwnuitgtbe Autiior 
'ibe l^CtTB i>f Jumu»,'al«u by Uuppu.wbo 
iKdliint)H-lf bul D'lbudvi'lsi-tlukl Jiihiua 
OloTor. Tlio ' Mfinuin' nrv of litllu 
VbIuw, tliiiu^^b tli>-<r ciinlnbiili^ txmicl bing to 
our knnwlri]^ at tlk> puUlkal Intriguea ortbt* 

p'iini[wMii Mttgnmtm (or Junuitry ITHA (liy 
lmm9 BmJ). wib s ' «b«r>i':l4<r ' by L>r. Brwk'- 
iHbjrllDn thoOrni. Utts;^ i» the only life, nnd in 
mpradnenl t>J Aadanmn lud Ch«lmin^ ia t]i«ir 
Ooll«>tka>otfiiutli*>i P'tat*. 9n; »1m> luijiiiri-, 
a« «b«v« . l>o1>n^D'i> liiAry : II((m>.-e Wolpulv'H 
liiiUar* (Cunuiaifhan), i. 31, 117. 136; Purl. 

HtNt. X*. 1233; (jttOWt'fl Bill, uf tllO StOR*. IT. 

3SI. T. IW.) L.S. 

aZXlVER, KOBERTf</.I.'>fifi).pK>taiU>ni 

tnartvr, cunn of a family (if »one wea1l>b 
end iMMtioo ID Wu-wirkabiiv. is (Imcritmd 
«j* i^iitletDWitKod Twidtsl Kt Mano«tii.T. Mm 
WM I'Uvtcd fivm Ftnn Co King's College, 
f'«inbridK<', in IHH^, and proceeded B.A. 
I'VSK ajiif M..\. IMI. In ootntnnit witli his 
eldest brotlx-r, John of Doxtt^ltfy, und &a- 
,ttfulbur numod William, hn vntlifacvtl 
totieu. In iri-Vi iho Biabop of 
(Kalph Dayne) *«nt a commission 
nuynr ofCurentiT and iho HltcrifTtu 
ailJior Jithn or all tiirw bnMliensbvtng 
'^y anxious to taint John. Tb« mayor, 
waa friendly wiUi tbu Ulovtm, K^va 
tama tiraaly nuticw, and Jiiliii ami William 
0fld« bw ItnbertjWbu waa aick, ytw ukcn in 
hm bMl, U»iU£h llw nAyor Iriixl to proTent 



I ho officer from makingtlwamst. Hesppeen 
to }iiivi\ \ffn « man of lail Matnn^ nna re«o- 
liit« will, and thotifih wiiou bo wils lirei Uiima 
the inayurpn-Mod fiim tof(ivelMil,hi>refu9»d 
to do so. JI<> wu eiuumiied by the biabop 
nt Coventry and at Lichfinld, wIilTl' he wa« 
lodgt-d in a dunitoon, atkd was 6nnliy handed 
fiver to thvg)n'rifl'lob(.'(?xecuU'd. itii iWJtfept. 
ho TTiw Imml nt Coventry alonj;; with Cor- 
iK'liuF Utility, a cappur. tSltunly iH.durolus 
cxeitut ir^n In- wiui iitti-iidf^d and (^omforU-d by 
AugufiineHornhtiri^q.v.j About iH-l^'tabltiU 
wen! I'lVH-tiwl in Miino'tli.T Chinch to the mv* 
morb- of (! lover and Miatraui Joyce Lewis, 
anittber niurtTr. (.ilovvr li>ft a wife Dam«d 
Miiry, and chHdrvn. Letmrs from him to his 
wifeandtnth^ ' mayorand bench 'of Coventry 
arc printed bv Poxe. In aninquiiniion taken 
afWr hill il<»itli bt- is dc-»;rlbt.>d us Ute of N«w- 
hoii-iH Umtif^e, Ijdr«alfr»hin'. 

[Fusa'a ArtJi and Mouuufnt*. vi. 0S&. irii. 369- 
39i>, viii. 776, ed. TonxiMnd ; Philpol'i; Kxiuni- 
DBtinna (p. 343) contains u tottiT rn>m lliilpot to 
It. O., Qrigiiial L«Ltcn. Zu^i<^h. iii. 340. aud 
lU.lloy. p. 383 (all l')i.rl;«rSoc.) ; Strypn'i Momo- 
rials. III. i. 2:^8, frum Foxc: ttiichin^'H Narra- 
lirr of fvrMiculioa tif IB. (}., alan DUtinlr from. 
Foxb; Coopor'sAtlipiw f>nUb. i. 129.J W,H. 

OLOVEB, KOBERT (1544 - 1A88), 
Somi:-r«i.-t h-TuliI, son of Thojuas libvtif of 
Axhfonl, K'.'ut, and Mildnd hi* wife, wu 
bom therein 1M4. (lispniudfather.Thomaa 
(jl'jver, was onu uf tbv barotis uf thu Ciuqiie 
imrta nt thn fomnation •>{ lli-iiry VIII. ll« 
eiilereil th<> (.'ollnge of Anas at an i-'arly a^, 
wan npiKiintvd Portciilli" piirjuiivanl in lofl7, 
aiidcri'ati^dSomeraethi^raldin ITwl. Several 
of Ihej^rovinoiAl kinin-at-nrms availif) tbeis* 
aalvct of his run^ skill m u, hi-rald and gooe- 
alogiat, and emplove^l him tn vitiit many of 
Tho eoiuilie* within tbdr JtiriNdiclioiu. In 
twuipany witliWilhBinFli)WvrLq.v.],Norroy. 
hemadii the heraldic viaitalion of Durham in 
1A7&. and of CV-shiru in V,m. In 1582 ha 
atl«-niliH:lI.<ird Willuugbby vrlien that nobl*!- 
man boiv the icisi^la of tho Garler to 
Frttlmck II of Dt-nmnrk [n"' Bkktie, Pb- 
KBORiNE],Andin l.'.S4 ho, with Itobert f7ooke, 
Cbu«nc«iU(, acc'impana'd tho Earl of Dt'rby 
on a similar mi^^iun to t hn kini; of Franci'. In 
I5S1 and ■■'xSTf hi- MUd ttngmred in the heraldic 
viaitalion of Vorkahiro. lltr died in London 
on lOAprini>H4,undwu«buni-diMiliechiircb 
of St. GiW Without, Cripplt-fiate. Ovor bi« 
grave theru wns plaot'd a iximely monument^ 
in ihu foutli wall of tho choir, with an in- 
wript ion, which is prtntnl in Woever's * Fune- 
rall -Monuments,' 

111- iiiarrii-d Klizabetb.daughterof WiUkm 
Flower, Nomty hiiii;-of-arm«,siid lad Uin» 
aooB, one of whom, Thomaji, was bom in IC7B, 



Glover 



8' 



Glover 



two lUugbten, Klizabvth, bom in 1678, 
and Ann, Iwrn in 1575. 

GltM-w wtje ctTldinlv one of the tnoat. no- 
i-oiHitli^ht'il kfrralds anil genealogist* that this 
counirv^ bsspKHlucM]. Nu wurk nf liLt wm 
printml in lux iifeliint-, bul W left an enor- 
mous qunnlitj of miinuscript o'jlk-ctiwiis, 
which hitTe (m^^ii utiliiiril, olli-n willi ncanlT 
omonHtnowhxijrini'nrjIiysulwijijuunl vrritL-ni, 
who bai 1^ xhua ^Lned rriKlil jitMi^rly dMit to 
Idm. l>uf;(Iale duclnnxl thnt ('amaen and 
Glover were ihe two srealesl ornxmoni* of 
tfa«ir profe««ioa. Miinj Aup|irKu- thai. ( lloTAr 
coUocU.-d lliv ^aluahlv niaUffiiiU oUvru-urdB 
HmiK^nl aoi] piihlisLed by Ihi^^uli.' in the 
'Barnnogo' wiach buun lii« iin.ine ((iuugh, 
Snli*h T'tfHtffrit/iM/.ii.MHi). Soiul' of G!uv«r'« 
eolli'Ctionn v-are purchsM'd by hi« frivnd th« 
lord-treasurer Burirhicy, wlio dvpLwifeil tb<*iii 
in HiH Colli'ip! I'f Aniiit, but ilicre vft- rtMnain 
iiCBtT.firt>d in differpni librarius ihrouKhuut lU-,' 
kiagdom H-orwiofrfilum'--' which, though »in- 
known aa hiH, haw iitlVirth'd mattttr fur nearly 
all I he touofpTiphirftl !'iirv>*y>' which have Ikwd 
written sinw his linn* (I'A.) Iln a^.tiiited Cam- 
(Icn in hi» j»fJigT«cii for the ' Britaiiniu,' ivim- 
muiiirated to fir. Diivid Powdl ii com' of the 
'History urCambria ' iniuBlulud by 11, Lloyd, 
piadRacollttctiuti of the in»criptioii» ii]k»i tht^ 
funeral mnnumL'nt 8 In Kunl.undirilo^ldrew 
npamost curiuuH ifiirvi*vof li'-rpwotwl t'astlt^, 
^rkjJiirc. Ilie • Catalogije of Norlhcrn Ot-n- 
Uy whose sumnmTO enut>d in ton ' -km fui'- 
murlv in llic pOMrvsion of Tllnrcshj'. Tlie 
' DeHnoe of the Titli* of (Jueen Eliiabvth to 
tli« Knglish Crown ' ftgn''i''t tht- hiMik hy John 
Lealey, hiohop of llose, in liWI, iu favour of 
Huy otuan, queen of Scot-s, was considwr^'tl 
by Dngdale to be one of GlovrrV hcM pf:rfor- 
maiict^fi. ltliBsnov'Tbeeii|«iblii<hed. Awork 
vntith-d ' NubilitftA Politica ct Civilis,' I<t)n- 
doti,160B,fol,,wii*wdit(.'ill'niKi'.il('ver'Miifinu- 
SCripte, with iniiny mlditioiis, hv liw nephew 
Tbonia.4 Millpfl, who uli«rwiinb) inwrtwi a 
tmiHlation of it in tlw 'Gatalc^B of Honor,' 
Olover'a ni»nii*cnpt gpaealOTiwi of tho no- 
bility ill Luliuw-tre rvduc-if Id niflhod by 
Millea, with the rtiwii-laiio' of Sir llobert 
Gotton, li«)bi'n ISonlo, cler); to the council, 
Williain L\iioden, ClnrenwiDC kine-nf-arma, 
NichoW Cbarl(.4, I^ncuati'r h<.-ndd. Michael 
Hvneuge, kiNiper of tlwreL-onUin llieTirwer, 
ThomaaTaDMit.and MnTthow P«1i*nn. Thny 
appBRird under tho ttllc of 'The OolaloRue 
of Honor, or Tri-«6Ury of true Xobility, pt-- 
onliarancl proper to I bi.'l»k> ofUrtwt Uritaiii«,' 
London, 1010, fol. .Uillirs <>\p1aii)s that his 
intention in hrinfrincouL this work wa» lu 
revive the name and mcinori' of lii* uncle, 
•whose privflti' studies for the puhliegnod 
dMunrOQ a retueuibrBnce beyooti foi^'tlul 






time,' Tbc 'Cataloguo of lh« Cbanmlbir* of 
Knjflund,' edit«1 by John Philipot in )63d, 
wax primripully bajwd uu Oluvcr f colloc-tions. 
Thia waa alao the cam' with Arthur t^l1}i^l(l 
' ProooedioBB. Frwedt^'nlB. and Arguuif nte vm. 
PlaimsiindrVntroviTj'iri'i-onecrTiinglitroniea 
by Writ and other Honours,' irM, (ilovpi^t 
fniHOUA ' Ih^inary of Anna' is prinleti in an 
uui^«'nl<><l and impnivi>d form in vni. L of 
I'Mmondson's '<'omplel« llodv of Heraldry," 
17^. Hi« and Flower's 'l1i-raldic ViaiCa^ 
lionc of J* Couniyii FaUl^'nc of Durbani i 
l&7o'waa published nt hewrastlc iu }r& 
foL, under int* ('dit'ir>hip of N. J. Pliilipum 
their ' Visitation of (?bei>birf in IKHO' fonn* 
ToL itviij. of ihe publications of ihoHarlMan 
Socii'ly, Ivondon, lf*8J, ("vo ; wid OIovit'i 
' Visiialion of Yorkshire, made in UifiJ-8J 
L-ditedhv Joseph Foster, was privately printM 
in Ixindon in lK7o, 8ro. 

[\Adiu y\&i. msi. 2fi8tf0 ff. ib. 32. aosi 

t. 2; IlHUniraya Inquiry, p. 213; final- Ma 
1820. i. 5*fl : llurl. WS^. 245 nrt. 1.371 art. 
UGOart. 1 et «q. I.1SS. eir-^an. 30; HacLcd'i 
Kent (17M1 ill. SflS ; Kcunrtt'« MS. <8, f,j " 
UdseL. MSS. ii an. 47, 20i art. 3, B4S 
872; Monle'a Bibl. Bmldioi, pp. 3(*. 
li'J; HiMv's Colleffo gf Arni*. pp. ISO. II 
Calc^ndikraof Sut«f^per«.Don). ld-(7-80p. 41 
UHKUO pp. aeu. 148. sac Addfind. lasfi-J 
p. 47o, 158(1-1824 p. I9» ; 8tow"it SiuToy, 11 
i<k. iii. p. S3: WcHTur's Fanorall MonnmwC 
pp. 676. 682.1 T. 0. 

GLOVER, STKl'HI-.N id. lSlt8>,autl 
and nriti'itmry, ninipih-d ihrt'Fcnk Gnide,' 
llfrby, 1K3U, and niisisled Italeman in bis 
■ Antiquitie!> of Dprhyshire," 1818. GloteKa 
bi-«i known work if Ike 'History and Gant- 
teet of tbi! County of Derby, illustrated. The 
tQult<riuli- L-'jlLflrd by lheji«blislu.T,Si«pb 
Ohiver; rtliltHl by 'llm*. .NuIj!.-, Ksij,, Deri 
4to.' Vol, i. pi. i. wut* jmhlitihL'd in 183 
vol. it. pt, i- in 1R!1.'S. The«f volume 
bflfin delayed some timo owing to the dispu 
Iwlween the cumpiU'rEind thfeMBmv«>r», 
the work wtu- never romnleU'd. IT rontain 
a masH of valuable but ill-HrTaneed informa- 
tion, and iafrvijiiertly cpiotnlBitannuiliority. 
Qlover dii-d ou '2^ liec. li^, and was burl 
at Moreton, Cheahire. 

[GloTcr'aworbiniMitioofidKfior^: infannati 
kindly tpren l>y Mr. W. i'. t'^lwunl* of th» DwI 
Hcn^ury.l L, M. M. 

GLOVER, STEPHE>(iei3l870),< 

nriMoT »nil ti-acJu'r, hrolher to Charltta Wi| 
fiam Glover [q.r.]. was bora in I<oudun h 
ItiiW.nnd becuiofi n po])ularci>m]Hu>t-r<>faanfrV 
ballad*, atid duWB. TIiu * Monka of Old,*^ 
164;.', ' W'hiit are the Wild Wave* saying-,' 
IWiO, • Esc»-l»ior,' and ' Souffa from the Holy 




J 



Glover 



Glyn 



Scriptuna,' illiuirate the rangf and ta?te of ' 
the fourtran or fifteen hundred compofition^ 
Glover presented to the public from 1847 till 
hia death, on 7 Dec. 1870, at the age of 5j*. 



[Appnidix to Groves Diet. p. 648; Bfowu'* 
Bic^. Diet. p. 273.J L. M. X. 

GLOV^ WILLIAM HOWARD 

(1819-1875), musical composer and writer, 
was the second son of ilrs. Julia Glover, the 
•ctreae [q. v.], and said to be descended from 
the Bettertons- He was bom at Kilbum. 
London, on June 1819 ; entered the Lvc(-um 
C^ra orchestra, conducted by his m&.<ter. 
Wagstaff, as viotinist when fifteen ; con- 
tinoed his studies on the continent. and waa 
aoon afterwards employed as accompanist and 
solo violinist in London and the provinces. 
He founded, in conjunction with his mothirr, 
the Musical and l^amatic Academy in Soho 
Square, and was encouraged by its success 
to open a season of opera at Ma'nchester, his 
^pus forming the nucleus of the company. 
Glover was joined in this or similar enter- 
prises by his elder brother Edmund 'q. v." 
«nd Miss Romer. Returning to London he 

Sve annual monster concerts at St. Jame::'^ 
Ul and Drury Lane Theatre. His pupils 
Misa Emily Soldene. Miss Palmer, and manv 
firrt-rate artists appeared, the length of the 
entertainments inspiring more than one 
foreign critic with philosophic rvflections 
upon the English amateur's rapacity of en- 
durance. To Glover belongs the credit of 
initiating the performance of Iteethoven's 
' Pastoral Symphony 'with pictorial and cho- 
regrapliic illustrations in 18tS3 : and ' Israel 
in Egypt ' with scenery, drepse.*. and f">s**. 
in I860. His cantata, 'Tam o* Shanter," for 
tenor solo, chorus, and orchestra, was pro- 
duced at theNew Philharmonic. Berlioz con- 
ducting.on 4 July IS-w-and plea-«l so ureatlv 
by iU pleasant melodies, local colouring, and 
lively eflects, that it was given at the follow- 
ing Birmingham festival, 3i) Aug. -Ruv 
Bus,' opera,wntten and composed bv f ilover. 
was produced on 24 Oct. I8«>f at Covt-nt fJar- 
den, and was successful enough for fn-quent 
repetition and a revival two year* lat»-r: the 
«omic opera, MMce too Often.' was fir>t per- 
formed at DniTT Lane on -JO Jan . I Vi:.', • Tlie 
Coquette' in the provinces, '.Aminta'at the 
Haymarket, and 'Palomita' in New York. 
The overtures ■ Manfred ' and ■ Comala.' th^ 
soiws, ' Old AVoman of Berkvlev.' • Lflvf's 
Philosophy.' 'The Wind's a Bird.' are onlya 
few of his compositions, manv f.f which were 
published in America. From about |i^9 to 
1660 Glover undertook the mu-ical criticii^mi 
for the ' Morning Post;* in l"^ h*- .settled 
in New York as profeasor and conductor of 



Xiblo's orchestra, and he died thereon 280ct. 
If75. 

[Musical W'ot'.I 1855 to 187-5 ; Grove's Dirt, 
I. 600; Browns Biog. Diet. p. 275.] L. 5L M, 

GLYN, GEORGE GRENFELL. second 

D.tRos WriLVEKTOS I lM'4~l&e7 ), elde« son 
of Ov-jr^ f'arr Glyn. banker (1797-1873), 
created baron Woherton 14 Dec. 1809, waa 
b>monlOFtb. I8i4. :SirRiehanl CarrGlvn 
q.v, washisgrandlather. Hewasedocatedat 
Rugby and rniversitvColl^rge, Oxford, where 
he matriculated 26 May Ik^o. On coming 
of age he U;came a partner in the metropo- 
litan banking firm of Glyn, Mills, Currie, ft 
Co., and continued in the business until his 
death. H^ was some time chairman of the 
Railway Clearing Hou.i*r,and a lieutenant of 
the city of London, filyn .*at as iLP. for 
Shaftesbury in the liberal' in t'irrest from 1857 
to 1^73, wh-n he succeeded his father in the 
pe*Tage. He wa.« joint s^crntary to thetrea- 
tury triim !•*>? to l^7;j,duHng which period 
he otficiai-rd as a most ent-r>retic whip. He 
was then sw.jruof'h-- privy i-ouncil. In the 
lit>:Tal mini-try of ]^•^) to Ifvvi he waa pav- 
mastf r-general. and Li* zealous adherence to 
Mr. Gladstone after the prr^mulgation of bis 
scheme of home rul-r for Ireland was rewarded 
bv the appoinins-r.t of p'^sl master-general 
( rtbruary to July l^ij. A penj^nal friend 
of Mr. Glad-t'-ne. Wolverfm during the r&- 
maindf-rof his lif'^ gave valuable support, l^'th 
oratorical and jiMiiniary. to the home rule 
c«use. On i*Vt. l'^^7he pP;,-ide<l at a great 
'antHcoercion' demonstration at Temple- 
combe. Dofset-hire. when he was presented 
wit h an address frimi eigl.r parliament ar>- di»t- 
tricts. He di-d -rudd-rnly at Brighton on 
*} Nov. I'V'T. Ilji pt-rwinal estate amounteil 
to more than ] ."'JK' <Jl)t. 

Wolverton wa- a moilel landlord and a 
staimch supi.ort*-r of fox-hunting in Uorxet- 
shire. .\i Iwi:;m': Min.-tt.-r in that county, 
wh»-re wa- one of hi^ tountn- N-at^, he and 
I^y Woivenon siipjiorted two orphanagen 
in ojnn-ci ion with the IIom>; Boy Brigade 
orjinat-fd by Iier. He gave his salary tn 
p'i-ima.st*-r-gen'rai to "^ciin- lie*I* in a con- 
val'ricent lioiu'r for sick Ixndon pOHtmen. 
He marrie<i, J'J June I ••4h. ' ieorgiana Maria, 
daughterof the lify.fiirorjtr FfderickTuffiieJl 
of riRngton, B<-rk-hire : had no ifmue, and 
wa- -mcft-ded a^ tliiM imnm by liin nephew, 
H-rnrv llicl.;ird. i-Mi-st >ofi of Vir:t?.fidminil 
Hon.'HHriryrarTGIyn,rj(.,CS,L(rf. l^^^*^}. 
Tilt- rliird Uron diefi on J July Ihhi*, and hi* 
brother FrMh-rick succeeded him. 

'lithTr^l'- F'^.ntiin {:r \HH' : Timen and hxUy 
N-WB. 7 Not. Ihh' : F'<«ti.r'« I'—-ra^^»- ; Foati-r'x 
Alomci 0«'/n,] ' L, C. a. 



OLYM, ISAUELL,\ DALLAS (Itii'a- 
1880), octn^«t, wu bam iu Kilinbiir)^h on 
ii2U»yl^'2A. IIcrr(L)h«-.Mr,<;i-nms,o»)mnfr 
preabvieriau, wnMuiurcliiuot wiibutuin for 
prvafliinf;' Aftort&kiiig pari Ln Lomloti in 
amatvxr llimilriuuU, sla- ml'iii willi Lit tint 
husband, IMward WilU, to I'nrii*, whini fthe 
atutlicdiLCiLiLg. RuLiirtiirie toKnglandin li^O, 
fihe rwvtvi-ii li-JtsniisfnniiUtiiirli-* Ki'nil>le,iiiid 
on a Nov. l)*-!?. under hisr niotbvr'e nuilduii 
ILHJIU1 of Glyii, tnndv at tlii.' Tbeiitre Itoynl, 
Munrh«>3t<>r, her appr-itmn<i'<' an Cnn-tlaiirit in 
' Kin^ Jubn,' Lsdy MKvbetU and Ilernjivav 
followed. On 'XJnn. ltS4y siio niipi-ttrc-d At 
tbe Olympic in ' Ltidy MucWrh,' aud on 
lii Feb. itM Julianii in tlie ' llui)i-viii>><>ii.* At 
ibe iavtciition of IMbJiiinl »Ii>« wtini on (lit; 
York circuit, pbiyiiiti niniiy Hlmkespi-unTin 
piirt*. On '27 Si'pt, IMP, niter llic ruliroTiiL-ni 
of Mrx. VViirnvr, Mis* Olyii njjpciin'd at 
Sadler's Wi'lU ns VolumtiiiL in 'I'oriolanus.' 
At' tliis huuse fht} mm&iued until 1)^51, ub- 
tAinin^ pracl.ici- nnd wintiin^' r>'rii)fniti<>Q in 
cbamctera unph iii' Ulprip«rni nnd tlie Diicbesi 
of Main, ami pliiyiiiR thf bfrnjin'-f 'if *omc 
new dramaH, amnnif which mnv h<t cotmred 
Garcia m tbe 'Noble lirror'byP.O.Tonilins. 
In 18-"»l sin- undtTlooU a country tour, nnd 
in September icnve tbt tir«l of u«r •jh&lie- 
spCAreJiD n.-adin)is. On liti Dec. IKol, as 
llinncu in 'Kiuto,' nhv^ nmdo hur tirer ap- 
■nianiiict? iit Itrurj- l.iuu'. Tlii" wil* followiu], 
16 Jan. ISTyJ, by Jiilirt in th*i ' Hunchback.' 
At Ibv 81- Jamw'is Tliwitro, -J Oct. IH-M, »h(. 
WBfl thtt ftrigindi Mi»*.Sti'rwiirt. in \hf ' King's 
Kifal ' of Tom Tnylor and t'liarlert KeaUf, 
Aftvr pprforniinjt ul llie Htandnrd ■lio" TPV.\t- 
pcotvd in lAflit HtSiidlt-r's \Vcll*.ttnd inMaj- 
1887 playod Cleoi»alni at the rHncew'a. 
from this tim*' h(-r Amwurnncw on the «tup* 
wen; infruqiiciit,u>idn<:trtinitf wn* priiicipiiUv 
tMCupied with tlientrical tuition mid wilk 
Sbokt'spvan'an reading?^ ut'n'L'ilalK.' In 1870 
»b« guvn 'ris;ilals* with inuL'li hucl'cm in 
Boaton. ir.S.A., »nd in \H7ti uni 1870 do- 
lirarvd nt Hl^inwav Hull and thi> St. JiiuifVik 
Hall a seriiis of readinp^ from Sliakesponre, 
wbiclieliGite(]veryra\ouriib[(.>cniicii>ni. I hir- 
ing her lal«r jwiro Imr c-iiminfr« dimiMii*h«l. 
She died, tiSXvr Idiij^ &ullurin|j from cuncer, 
on 18 May 1S80, at Imr Tvnidt-nw, 13 Monnt 
Strfcct, OroM'i-nor .Sijiinrf, A suhecriprion 
for her bt-nt-fli w&s n]M-iie<l jii«t ln'for'? her 
dealb, Miss (<lyn nitirricd in EiHnburf^h, 
aecurdin^ 'w Scvltiab law, in IH-ci-uibirr 
I8fi.'i, KucjLH &wr-<-lland Italia.- [4. v.] On 
13 July \S-"i tliu pidr wvcu ngnin uiami-d uL 
St. Owjrjfij'B, Haiiiivi-r Sqiuini. Tliry wert- 
divorced on &trs. DollasV petition. 10 Muv 
1874. Jir*. Halk- wa» l>un.-«l L':.' May H>^!> 
nt Kftnwil (Jreen C^melprv. She bad a line 



figure, in tbu vnd ■ lililu inclioLtl lo pnrtU'] 

DtMfe. lUrcompUxtnri wandark, bRrfiusttirm 
wcr» fUronn nnd exprwwivi-, and bi-r voice 
wa» puwi.<r[Ut nnd neU itiudulat<xl. dhurt 
of iuspirntioii, ithe luul moat KiA-* of ')"■ tm* 
gvdiuu uf the Kamble school of wbicb the 
wasontiof IlK-vi-rylnlt-nt nilluTciit*. llrrgwH 
lures wen- lar^.aud she hod the power in *^J 
n-ndtniT of iiiarkiu^ tbe dilt'erent chBraclera.^| 
Her Mirc>-i40 wan tnoiitt diiitinot in chnracitira^H 
in which her commanding fig'tiro was uf ad> 
vnntnei'. A rtiii of comedy which in her 
early life »Ue cxiiibitvd whs lata evident 
l«t*'r vears. In i^hnracler eh* W«» gt^nerouo^ J 
^iod'\j'.-HrU>d, fnuk, and impcluutut. Solf-| 
con(id««<-ti and a leudfiiej to Ih? fXttUtii:_ 
were prufufleioDBl rathfr tlian individual de-j 

fwrta. 

[Phvip* ami Hol-nrlsun'g Lifo of Pholpe ; Stip- 
ling'a Old Itmry l,ano: Tiil|j«'a Drnmalic Mag.; 
Fasdia'aUntnuiticLitt, IB7tfi AlWna>iiin,ntn<itui 
>cara; St. Jaiiiaii'K UiwUc . 20 May 1889; Era. 
2i May ISS9; prirnta knonledga and infono^ 
IJou.] " J. K. 

OLYN, Sir RICIIAItn OAKR (ITSB- 
laSH), Itird niiL^or at' I<onditn, eldral son, by 
bi»H(>ciiii<lmnmii}fi>,ofSirUicbBrdOlyn,b«rt.t, 
lord mayor in i7K>, was bom 3 Feb. \7f. 
His mother was EliiUibelh, daughter and 
beire** of Uobfrt Carr, brot her of Sir Robcrtr J 
Curr, ban., of Ktall in Norlbiimberland. 
and his brother UlioniaN warn MluctttiMl at 
W<i<il tninsl^T !^L■buld. On ibe df>nth of bis 
fiitbi.-r ill ]7'>t, (>Lvii xurci^dKl him an parl^ 
ner in th<.' bnnkinig firm of Hallifax, MiIIa, 
Glyu, Jt Milton, of l>* liirchin Lane, nnd 
aftiTwards of liomhard Stn-*'!, h finn which 
bus the reputation of liavineAlart^ir biutineae 
Ibuii miv otli.T privnli? bauKinK boose in t)i« 
nily of London (F. 0. Hii.tos Pkick, Hand--^ 
fmok af Ifjniiim Bnnkey*, 1**7'I, pp. .Vi-0). 

Cilyn wji:* nU^ti^ alderman ot Bishops^t 
ward in ^epteml^r 1 79<), and on Midoumoivrl 
dav in the Mtme yvar iibfritf of London aiulj 
MiddltML-s. Huwois kniglilud ul St. JamfleV 
L'4 Nov. foLlowinfi. At the ((Piioral titi»ctio(i 
of 1 "yO ho waa rutumiid to piu-linmout for the 
bonmgh of St. Ivm, Cornwall, for wbicb bo 
sat unlil the difunMution in K^(K>. In politicA 
hi^ wax a firm supporter of I'itt'e admuuetrK- 
tion, Ho served the office of 1or<l mayor in 
179H-0, and in 179l* waa elertM pn'^id'ent of 
Dridewell and Bethlehem )io«pitaIa. His por^ 
Imit in full li.infrtJi by HoppiicT i« preserved 
in the ball of Itridewetl. He was enmtt^d % 
bnran«t by putcnt dated 22 Not. lt*00. On 
(be dealU of Aldennau Sir William CurUa 
in 18^ he n.'moTed to the ward of Ilridge 
Without, and becauiL' thefalbt^'ruf tbu uorpora- 
ti<in. hut rcsigiiKd hi* ^iwn in IS.V>. Hitdied 
nt his house in .VrlinpLon Street on 27 .Vpril 



.by 

art., J 
7AAlfl 

ico-H 
IxtrtrH 

I .» I 



i ivpcu ^K 



GIvn 



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[Sir John Wynne's II wl. of Uiollw/dirKnmitj, 
«(1. 1R7S, p- 9* ; W.«k1'« Athrnn Own, ii. 704, 
wl. Biiiw ; Ln Neva's l-'iicli h>:Tlt»i» Arptimtut. i. 
104. iii. 604, Bfi4, BSA , Itj-ntfri Fwder», it. 
41o. 424 : Mudiru'o Dinry. pp. 1)3-4 (CaDd.S<.>o ); 
BiUE»r'a niat. of St, Jnlin'n Coll., Cuml-ndgo 
(Mfljiir), i. 126 ; Mnlli iigfr'* lii»t. of ih" Vair. 
of Camlriiln*. lft3';-IC2A.pp. 44,84. J U; Willi^V 
finrvejr af Ruiif^, pp. 30, 47. 104-^: Wood's 
Athetue Oiun. li. 744-4, mL Bliia , Willikmn'ii 
Dirt.of Hmiitonl W»l«hEii«^, p. 173 ; Foxc'ii AcU 
aD<} Monumcnla, ml.Ti.ed. TowiKotiil. Mfist of 
thu fntt^ of his life nru ciiIWUkI in {'(fper'a 
Athnna- I'nrilnl*. i. 173; il)« R«v. W. a, $Mtrle 
ftiivt; n full uci'DUiit of Ilia life «iiii ah Mchdustire 
acraimt. of InsiM^rAM prrii'lvnt of Qunitm' iu hi» 
HiKt. of (Jiiprtm' Oil- i'jimlirid|;e, pt. i. pp. 34 j- 
263, in Non. Jx. xail x. of th«> puHicAtionaaf tho 
Carahfi'tjlti AiiliqunrituiHoo.) T. 1*'. T. 

OLYNN, JOHN (172-'-l"7P), polilicimi 
mid Imft-vcr, M-rond »on of Willttitii Olymi of 
Olynn in Cnnlinlium, Comwuil, who mar- 
riM Itoie^ dA>i|:li|Hr of .lybn I'ridt-aux of 
Pridenux Piatt-. I'adslow, wm. Impii.'^il ut 
Oirdmhaia on 3 Aii);. I72l'. Hu inntrii-u- 
l&t«d At K\i>ter CoIlP)|r«*, (Ixfnnl, mi 17 Miiy 
1738, bill did nut priK^i^Ptl to r dt'pTf>F>.- He 
was rnllwl (n thi- linr nl tlm Middle IVmpte 
in 174)^. HiB eldrr hmllier dird in .liino 
1744, l<iivtti)r uti only son of weak inu-llect, 
a^insi whom bin mwh: t^rtk out- :■ oomniis- 
niun in Innacv, and was «|tj)oim'-<l nxiriver 
of the familv i>MAlt-s. Th*' vinitir<i iiiolhi^ 
was no luucli invca-xtl tliut t\ie h-Ct all Iilt 
own propi'riT 111 diklaitl nmri"«i| iimi". Th*- 
lunatic died in nocvmlnsr I7<t2, wherr>iipon 
Ulyniiciitnvintuttivpos9L'»ionDrbi£iii->ph(;w'H 
property, thi '2t Jan. i7(iS hi- wa» cri-Jitiyl 
a w-rit;uiil-iit-law. Imt. ihmu(;b bia ardtnt 
opiiiiotii' in u{i|>o«ilinii ro l.hr' coiirl, ht< viriu 
DcvtT pMinolcd lo tbi' nnk of kin^'K wr- 
jnint. In 1711+ li" -Kim itiipi<ini«d rt-onrder 
of Ks4>ler. Hi.i jiowi-iv; of pleading and liiK 
IcnowlcdpB of Ingal prafiirt- cntuioi beuuci^ 
tinned. NichnlN records thai when be first 
attended W o&t oiinater Hall awalavrMudvnt 
Glrnn i'lr>iid lii>t for Ic^ul knowlodgf, and, 
accnrdintr to Sf-riwini Hitl, knt-w *» ^!bI 
dettl niare'tban liimiiint^, t3iou(jli lliinuiii^it 
lino^lfdpowaj* in variably Bccurntc, IliKp>!>j- 
liou m tlitr luiraudliii>libi!nLlopttiif>ii«xarit)'vl 
Gtytin la takeiheloadin the caaw coiinwti'd 
wiib Wilkt'fi. Thuy wvraia floeecDnsultm ion 
tlirOii|fboiil the BumimT<)f 17(W, nnd fJlymi'ii 
artniments in his friend Vltifal action iRpn-a.^d 
'a very cwnl "tnck iif n-niitiitinn.' Headed 
for Willif* in bi.t apjili^niinn for a writ, of 
■bes< corjtiw in Mnv 17H3; in the aetion 

linxt Ihmk, lord iTalifiix [q. v.l; and in 
tfie triiil which look pineein wtfJ on llicn— 
iiuWiciition of tlif' North Rritoii'invnlumifs. 
lie wanibeadvoctttfrof Jubii Alnion in 1705; 




I hviilcftded in tlie king's bench a^iiiEt tb 
'outlawry of Wilkea in 17tt»; ai^ he Wl 
' coiin!^) for A IHcrman Towiux-nd in bi» artir 
in Jniirt 177:J njrniiiii.t the ctillfctor of latMt' 
lux, which tbp nldfmian bad rtfust-d to p«y, 
< "lE'i'S <h» uiillityuruiirliAiut-ui ibrou^b ibn 
I irre^arity of tlii> Middlesex election. In 
' many sinall>;r actions of ibu ttuuv nainra^^ 
Glpiii oOi^n niidi^r^ ^niluitoiu a.i.si>itsiice^H 
IIl' alKu enjoyed a large Ehare of geuvralbuw^l 
netfl. His ndvorjirv nn'un.-d Tin- a(rf|uillal 
of Sliss ButtJtrfielii, aocnsed of poisoning 
William .Scuwen- '.'n a by-vacancy in ilwi 
reprf-seiilation of Sliddlewx in i7fii^ hi* wm 
named by Wilkes, ai the requedV of the m. 
jority of' its frwholdi-nt, as I ho candidiitc i 
the 'Wilkes and liberty" int«i«it; Hon 
I Tooke was active in raibing Mibsciiptiona t 
I defraytlieolectiunrxwnft-a. Tb«uiiui«im 
candidatowiii»8ir William Ucaiichanipl 
tor, who bad been ousted from the re; 
wntatibii by WLUswiii March 1768. On 
tiral dny of polling (8 IJer.) 'a dcBp<erate set 
armed rulliiinswiib" Lilwny"and"I'rt>i;Lor" 
ill tlii-ir hata' Klorminl Ihi- ]Millini;-l>notb at 
Hrenlford, when one man wa« killed. This 
iirtair crviited intense indiKnation, and 
the flnbirwr of nnntemu* popnlar enjmi%'Ln 
After BIX days' poUinff ulynn won by 1," 
! vnn^toI,:?7B. Boiindb-**n'joirinf»followi 
the ribbons (iiippliwi for bis • favours' co 
inK over 40U/. When l,<')(Sa freeboldera 
' Middk-Aux addn^^ed (leiiriri^ III Bgiiiuit 
ilb'^l act of ibtt tnuionty in t.Le Uouw 
Commons, Glran presented their |)utiiii 
and in ihn-e l^arlo(>u(' at K-a»t ho is rrpt^ 
fic-nli*d on bis knt'i-.i nrrM-ntinf: their addreM 
lo the monanh (-M May ITOiJl. At lhedi»«i 
mihititm in 1774 lir' m-ii* rv-t'lfcli-d witbo 
oppo.^iiion.when I iovernor Hutchinson en 
a note in bin rlltiry (i. l'(E7): '.\ vadt train 
OA rriag^ -K and borises Attend Wilkefi to Rreni 
ford, where Glynn and be are elected f* 
Middk'wx without opposition. Inthe< 
ing wertf illumiuniionii in many parts of 
don and Westminster.' In the winter 
1770 Olynn, ' tnl^in'd by Shelbunie, who i 
bia turn had been inspired by Chalbam,' 
moved for a committee to inquire into llu' 
adniini»lrHlion nfjiiMiee in c»«ea relating 
the i>resd, nnd to settle the ])owcr of juriea,! 
and. In (.-oniniiction witb Uuiiniti); undW 
derhurne, iinfiti'd the nui-Mtion 'wilb ni 
dignity amlgreat ul>ilitics.' About tbeaaiiM: 
lime bi' wan amioi-intfd wilb Fox, Sir Willi 
Meredith, and others, in a committee on tl 
niofii heat inn of th» criminal lawn. They 
]ibf'mli*d fortwo yejir*. nnd on ibeir report! 
a bill was intnxluc*'d far the rei>eal of eight 
or ten stnluV'-*, but il wnsihrown out in t' 
lords. He whs one of the k-ndin^ mcinbeis 




of Huf SocuMjr of the Bill of Rigrbu, wliiek 

thn vntl of 1770 BililniMf^ t\ Irltor to iW 

kmoHt'aii lulunit^s ftlmnit inciting thi-ni M 

rtM-Hion, ui)l thvn was »omo talk io April 

1771 omno); the wiM<T r>'>iinien of mm- 

littitu U!\-nn nixl \jec 'for [ileftdiiij|r before 

Jit'tic Af fircv ■pti'"'' •'>•' priviii'pes 

ilH> ln'ii-ta*.' Hi" mK->fhf? in pArlmmEtit 

ih*rii warmly |>tiii*t"J fur ilfir ouidour 

[•ItiTAbiKl tour, and Horace- Walpole aa- 

Mrta tbftt )w * WM njipUuiiol t)y lx>iii Hil<*s 

. . . ftDd dHvBfleil biUiielf Willi • tnodeaty 

tlial cont-iliBtirKl uimcIi fnvogr.' Uu 27 S?|>t. 

1770. aJl^ tin- reconlrr. Kyre. hiul refiuvd 

•Itt-nd tilt* lunl tnayiir in ]in»<-nUiift Ibe 

Itv rvui'Jll'IrAtu'n In Ihii k>t)K> ■I' ^'m« n-* 

ifimd, tt ainTOtJtviii ibe Oiiildhall.by 106 

to r>S, tliat Glynn «ilK)iild in aJI llit-ir 

kl&in be '«rivi^^t with, retained, and 

ojvd.' In ir'i^ l^yrv was raiwd to ibe 

a Wmn nf thv cxi-hcqner. anil on 

v., wbrn iMiTv sld*7uinii wu prv««nc. 

WU rlfrlvil RironlM' in liiii pliicr.-, llie 

being Olriin, 13; llrunrrun, u kinf^'a 

fI, anil aflMrwanl* cliirf jiiol kc nf I '{i<-b- 

1; and Ilydfl.tfap M'ninr citTr»UD»i-l, 1 ; 

I. )■«■ wacswum in. Tliw ahIivt)' 

15 ai ibo uDiP time rai.'iiHl from 

vvr annum. Cltntlinm was 

-.JiUtdcaiUOlynn 'amnm intrrninii^ 

fttmaing man. and Uii' ^utrii of i be imd- 

titiilv>n tl*»-If,' llf atitrijrcd ifreaily fr»in 

>ut,and bail lo befnrried into the- bouse in 

nt I7<>!» In vf)i*t iimiiu>l tbi- tuociou for 

tinx Liittrpll for .\|Ld4iI>.-.4-x. In 1778 a 

ty wa* allowed un nccuuni of lii^ iUnt'w 

rorlnmaaretnrdrr. On IfiSept, 1779 

divd. anil WU bum>d at Cardinnam oa 

Sa8«l<«. il*- ntam>-d, on HI July l7ti:i,Su. 

■ Mai^n-l , I liinl dauj^lrr nf Sir John 

l«r of Nimwfll in the Ule of Wish! ; 

'■WU bom 1 Sipi. 174-». and diod at 

ltd. Tin.- Plac«. Botli. I'OMav 1><I0. They 

' *- '- MMu attd one i^auK)it«r. 

f i I ■ ■ ncier waa ln-vond »iupiciim, 

»i'' ■ > and bia pmitical i.inci-rity 

<niid. It wat> of him that 
.\^ ■]>■ ■ n 111,1 rKttl toGi-trrtp' I II, ' Hir, hr wa» 
W'illiilit. wliioli I ni^vnT wsii.' TW pnr- 
kila of ibnan two {HililLolali* Willi llnnii; 
Tookr wm- paint^l and f uj.Tnv.-d by Richard 
loualun, and [iiil>liahi->] bv Siiyer ou Q Feb. 
7d9. A print nf I ilynn alnnc ia |irrtix)'d to 
-tr.nf the 'Nortli 'Union,' 1772. Several 
ttimand Mjn-ran-lalinKlo bimarp ooiin-d 
tl»r ' 1ti)>lii>iliM>A f'«mub(.'n*i*.' vol, iii. 
'I i'lifbl niitpUT"! of 'The 

•n (lie King's Commia- 
rhv City of London." 
>. toln. i. and ii. : lIorHOo 
r'tr^tqp ill, rola. iii.andtT.; WbI[h^«'b 



Lnat JAiirnaU(l77l-83t.i. 117-18. IS-Ud. 18«, 
1H7. 301 ; Ch«lli»i« Cnrro-p, iii. 47J-5, 4fl1-8, 
iv. 35. id, m, 231 ; Trcriilran'a Foa, (». 166. 
laS. 111:1, 277. .tas-fl; TwitaB Kldnn. ii. 8fi6; 
Oronvilte PiiFxtn. ii. 61-6, 71-3, 430, ii . 46-8, 
ir. 2. 391 : Alnion'H Bivg. An».-d. i. 234-8, 244 : 
Ni'>liollg'BR«co!l<«liOTi.4 ll832>.i. 342; OldBeld'a 
Pari Hill, iv U«-9; (rr»TP''* P"""'. KluctloBS. 
178. tit.: >''»ctboack'ii Loodon, pp. lim-^oy; 
McritfnU'ftSir P. FnnMit. i. 87-9; satirical iiHuU 
alHrif.Mn. iT.4flS-77.'l:i»-aO,040-l;SiephPoa*a 
H.mw Tnt-lio. i. IW-U. 18i-5. li. 27»-««: J. 
Chnlonnr .SrnilhV I'oriraitii, ii. G61-2 ; llnntnrd. 
xxsix.7i*l (181D); (ioni, Mag. i;7->p. .'.40, 1779 

&471; Woolrjcli'it Sprj«tita. ii. 572-604; 
uclcan'a Tnne Minor, it. SI -!!, 70; BoaM and 
Courtnuj-'i. HiliT. Cotntib.] W. i'. C. 

GLYNN, RdREltT.aftiTwarda Clobbrt 
(1719-1*^00), phyrtipian.t^ldoal and nnlrsur- 
vivinjT son of Robert Olyna of Brodes in 
lii-IlRiid parish, nmr Bodmin, C'omwnll, who 
niarriud l.ucv, dauahtor of John CloLwry of 
Brud»tnuc, licvoiiMure, waa bom at llrodes 
on A Auir. and baptlMd at Ht^lltiii'l Cbiirelt 
on 10 Sept. l~l!t, AOvraoiuv tvucbiuij from 
a ciimu> named Whi^ton, h» wua placed on 
liiR foundation at Kt."!!. In 17-v lir waa 
eWtwl achnlikT of Kin(r'5Colli>(^,L'ambridgp, 
wh'.'relii' louk tlii'dtKrufsnf B.A. t7Jl, M.A. 
I7-l-'^, nnd }>].]>. ]7<VJ, hihI hr>ram>'' a tt-llov,-. 
Ilismi>dical tutor at 4.'an)britt»'wa.« lite rldt-r 
William lli>berden of f*t, Jnhn'H CoUeffe. 
Glynn Limaclf annntinci-d in Marcli 175)* 
rourw of Icciun-s at Kinu'v UolK-gi? yn tin.- 
DtedifAl inatitutos, and ne'Xt year j^atc a 
MCoiid courrvoD aiintuiny. i'orn iborLtimo 
hf praclj»«d al UiclinKiin), Snrrpy, but noon 
rrturiK'd Io CaJmbridgv, and nuvvr hj^riu left 
llx- univi'tHilv. In 17o7 he Rnmptitfd »iiirci»»- 
fuUy for ibiiSL'atnHiaii pm^^outofdiflJdfefor 
nnv Ilnllr, wlm LHiitii'd tliriuum- priicr in 17J3B 
and 17^)4. Ilcdid not attempt poetry again, 
and it wa« unfairly insinualud that he was 
not th'} author of hi« own poem. On A .\prtl 
ITii'J )tv waa admitted a candidate, and on 
'M Mar<-h l7'iH bwame u fi-Uow, of tin- (_"ol- 
)v\p: iif I'hypiriaiij at lyinJon. He arO'plt.Ml 
no fiirthfr dii>tincliutui, lliou^h tlie »ecnud 
William Pitt {whiim hu had at lendvd in thn 
aiituiim nf 177.'(, wliitn Lord Clinthiiu) wra4« 
a letter nf i^onirTatulalion on thu patient's r»- 
cQVtrry from Mcknfwt, with tbti hojn' that bu 
waa 'enjoying rhe happy advanijig>^ of Itr. 
Glynn's acquaintaturv, as on*' of tbf cbwrf^ 
and witty luinH of Apollo, in hii«prioti<> not hia 
me^Iical atinbnlcs*} offered htiu in I7{)3 th« 

trrifpdtorial chair of iDedicini> at Cainbrid)^. 
Ir -was At th<* cIoM of hia life ibn orknow* 
ludaed hvad of hia profi^ssion in thai town, 
and Ua medical semive wi-n* in |.'rr«t rcpiilo 
at Ely, whers hv rvgtitarly iillwidcd every 




Glynn 

week. Late id life Oljnn inlierit^ n con- 
sidL-raltk' property fmitin miirprn«l iiiirlp, Bnil 
with il rnok rhc nuaa of (Jlobcrv. ihomih 
litill ctilletl Olvnn by otlier-i. \\v tlird »t Ilia 
nxtiUA iriKingV Cnllo^.Cumbridgp. ou 6 1-'eb. 
lt*00, tiii(], Kccording lo his own (iirw-tJon. 
wii» biiri'vl in the vault of tho collr-jfi- phajifil 
liT liirchlight. bi'iwwn ihc LonrK of t*n mid 
I'K'v^n Ht niRlil Oil 13 Feb., in The prcaofiM of 
tuf-iulH'nof tbM collopf "Illy. A mblcr tohU 
mtMiiory wn" [ilnci'il iu the rtiHjH't, in a littl* 
untxory na tb<^ ri^lit liiLiid nft<?r enu-rln^j: ilK 
iiniiib door, TboU):li bi* wiui in (r>od pmclice 
»nd livL-cl «;onfimi™lly as il fellow, he wiw 
toil gi'neroiu lo be rich. Us b-(l bi.-. limdii in 
|]«llimi] lotb« Itev. Jolm Henry Jorob, (wmc- 
time b fuUww itf Kin^fi C'olIt-(fe, nml con of 
JtJui .lacnl) of Salisbury, M.P.. n panirnUr 
frifiml. Th<- pollfpf rewived a l«>gi»cy of 
fi^WJA 6t. Srf. Rtopk. It wim (Oii«Ry (!»- 
i»emb'drt«si>rnebHi]dinp^^n>ct<!ilMnflersupi*p- 
nit<>iiilni]rp nf Wilkiiw tbt- architcrl aboot 
tlicyvJini ]B26-:«I; but a prijc of 20A ft vt'Jir. 
Htiniiully divided Iwlwet-ii two HcliolaiH • for 
learning nnd rvf^ibiritv of conduct,' was alsn 
ptortded. To the ft«T. Thumas KiTrii-b 
of Mugdalene Colleci', Cnmbridg*, bii< friwnd 
and ctoeutor, !i>» Iw-quPBthed thf sum of 
r>,000/. Ilia ponrait, an pxlrcimdy piod 
lik^ii«!9A, was drawn by Kr-rrinli, An on- 
frmTiMc. now Bcurw. was oxt*cufed by J. 0. 
imd (.). S. FtioiuK in 17WJ. Glynn ■vin*(.«i'en- 
Iric in innnnpr and dn>s». Pro fwworPrjiiie de- 
scribes him as Uf>iiii1!ywi«rinf( 'mscark-t rlouk 
and thrcx-omprM hat; he rarricd « jri'Id- 
bondcd r^nfi, lie uleo uttsl piitlcnn in rniny 
wear her.' Anotbt'rcnnl'iupnrary.SirEgonon 
Rryrl;rr.''. rcorfli* the doctor's pndt ' on ■fiyina 
wbiiti*verctiui'*uppermoKl inlnbisroiiid.' Ilia 
tea partin* wi.iro mrnou.*, and frec|n«iitvd by 
iiiauy undt-ryTttduales. .\^ n [iliysirian In- 
rIiowmI jiidpnicnt and ntrcminn, bur with 
i*hanict«nKli*' t'liwiiiricily be uLmost invari- 
ablvnnlfn-dabliiiter.'L'nipliuiinavtisimtorinin 
ampbim pt uctw." Hi- riitcduwly refrained 
from pn?»cribin(("pium, ciitliartics, or bk-f^l- 
ing. HcriTominBiidfdiind pnicliw^danoiH>n- 
air life. Tic wii» vt-rv fn>-iuUv wilk Maaun 
and uit'^dcd (Jray in )iifl la^t illnt'W'. Hisliop 
WiititOUwaaoueofhiB pali><nt>iu ITf*!, wlicn 
br imfortiinnttty (fare bia opinion that rw- 
corcry viv Imjioliw*, He gave advi™ fpntJs 
lo patit-ntK from the Fi'n*, nod wrinM laki' 
no fi-o irom n. Comi.*hmn.n or an Ktunian. 
Ilia kindm.*)* to mie of his poor pati-'nlj wan 
o«>]^bratc-d by a younjjoreon of Or. Plumptn>, 
preeidout of Quwils' C'ol!i!j(i*, in veraes calliid 
■ BiMtPvoIns and Ib^ Mappit',* An amwdoUi 
imputing; inbumaiiily to biin iu I'arrV | 
' Work",' i. 41, diiiibtlfMi arisen fr<iBQ a mis- 
«|tpreliMifliftn Tlispoemof'TbuDayof Judg- ^ 



>4 



Glynn 



Btmit' was printed atOnnibrid^ id 1767, 1 
pdiT.i;B",.^Tdpdit.l76ft.Bndfti?ainin IKlTt. It 
wajAincliidi-d in the various imprwi-innsrifciw 
' Miis;vSi>aloniaii.ip,' Davonport's* I'fu-i.s,' vol. 
Iviii., Park'* ' Poots,' vol. xxxiti., and in many 
■imilar publii'atiouit. >V)iiie ;>taiuca« by bim 
bifrinninfr ' Tease me no moro ' appt^n^] ia 
tbo '(.}<^ii:nil KvuaioLr Post,* L'3 April 178G 
and hare been reprint^l in Ibi^ ' I'fw-li 
Kv^sior' for 1802. p, iiW, and H. .!, Wale 
'My()randfutbfi'VPiii7li«l-lliujk,'p[.,-.1l!t-.'S 
He bcdii'ved in thennth.^iiticitv of thrt IlowL 
|io<>tnK, and bis fail b vran (-rinbrmed br a ^il 
roRrimolin l";p. Th.- Latin l(-tt« iiiti 
d'lced by WjlUnm Barrett [q. v.l into 
liintory of llrirtol (prvfaw p. v) is aaid 
I bare been writt«n by him, and on Itarnilt 
I di^nlh the nri^iinal iorgtiries by Cballcrtt 
' worp pr«i«tt'rd to (ilynn, who bMjnoathfl 
them to llie itrilivb Mnwiim, wbtrv tbi.'y 
now known as Addit. MSS. 5706, A,Ji^< 
0. JU- hnd n biltvr ijiitirn-l with Oii 
Ste«T0UBOvcrl!ii>*i-m«niiwripta; thi>[Mirtio4 
Inrs of an inti'rvii-w which toot pLaot) betwc 
Ihi'ni III ('jiinbridjfo in 178ri am j^ivtrn in 
k'ltor from Manse! to Matbis^, printed 
• Not.-s nnd t^i.-riea,' L'nd «t. x, 283-1, TM 
piway of Mnthins in thf rhnlK-rton contro* 
TiTsy i« said to have been augmented by the 
Ipnrnin^ pf (llynn, who i* rctnwl to more 
tbun onee with profound noiw;*! in 
' Puntuitti of LitiTHlnre,' [larliiiiljirlv in dt| 
lofrua iv. ."iW-llOO. Gilbert Wnkefielrt 
to say (arc'onliii{{ tri Snnrnt*! Itn^'i'm) th| 
' lieniic]] and Olynn assiin.-d Matbiiui' in (1 ' 
BHtin', and Ilcjrfni wa." aocUHtomed to ftd 
llial ' Walfi'tii-ld •a-nn wi'll nrqiiitiiiUiJ wit 
all th?«e' (Taltl^ Talk uf hoijfr^. p. li 
Tlirei* l»-tlcrc fmniUlyiin tn liurdinKe are lij 
Nirbols'ft 'Illnstrntion* of LitiTatun*,' 
23I-.1. Wffldil in bi!._'Nii)(B> Chirur„ 
qiioto» A poetical jou dV^rit on Glynn as ^ 

fbytiiciaii. Ilonici- Walpoli- calk-d bim in 
TDU 'an old doting [divfticiaii and Cbntt< 
Ionian at Ciimbrid^',* and profi.-sst-d to hoUe 
tbal "loini' falwbiKicU riirn-nl iilmiii btniBet 
bnd Iwen invented urdisseminnted bvGlyiil 
( J^tfrr; i\. :)H0-:{). His libmry wii'dsold 'vA 
l*^<)0, and manv of the hooks werf aaid 
nlMiund ' with 3^8. notes by the late U 
poMfiWor,' 

f Nifhola's Lit . An<«a. viii. 2) I.] A. A20,«S]|,] 
0»i;.8: N'irhnU's llliiatr.of Lit- nii,6A&; Xlq 
Coll. of Phvs. (1878). ii. 2J;-iO; Bonuj 
(.'onrin^y's Itibl. <'firnub, To)», i. nnd iii ;l 
W.irks, «1. rioM.', iii. 29fl ; OiMna Or 
205; Bishop Wumoir^Autobiog.i. U2; 
Aiitol-iog. p. IS; CJcnt. Mae. I8«C! pp. 
IRII pt. II. n2»: J<-»e'« Ktnn-anK. n. 
Note;* aiid Queriu*. 2iid B>«r. xii. 331, 
ix. 321-S; Huaning'H H^inin)>c«ncet,ii. 9&-^ 



Glynnc 



Glynne 



lyvn't »rl^ YMm. ii. 1-49; JM<ft«KM's 
[iVwinr^i- I ft?. I'- '7^. Mnrlwm'ii Trint Minor, ii. 
[a-J.fifi-T . ; I.Wonlnriirih'H ScholirArjuri'ji I JS-i. 
1 A>ii'tlii'<c "f i^ir K. Bryilg™, i. (J*; <.*liatliitni 
f rorrn-j). ir. 309 ; Barwiod'* A lurani E(ou. ]•. 32U . 
i_Eurui)rnri M*g. 1800. pp. 3i>A-7.] W. P. C. 

GLYNNE, Sir JOHN 0003-IWH(>.jttJii^ 
l-vlilmt *nii iif Sir Willifltn (ilvD[M\ by Jam-, 
|i]aaf;bt«r nf Jotm (iritfilti ul'Ouniim'On, vm» 
^bnmtn Itiil^ al (ilvtillifun, Carimrvonshire, 
^hi?n*hUaaceBloTB bad bet-n sel.tlwl from titv 
AOiiient timee, and «■• odui-atcil i«t Went- 
tnuulvr Scbool linA IIaft Ifnll.Oxfnrd, eino.' 
fnenvd io Ne^C'olIei;e, whicb be rnU'rvd »t 
H Micii»'<lmft9 16^1 , and whm- lit' rvsidi^l thiw 
H jroare, Htr nam* to hare bueii early d<«ii>n>^ 
H for thi- Uicn] profe**ion, if, as i« must [>rt>l>A- 
H bl«. be is to V' iilviilifiiM with the JobD 
H 01\iinT> fur wltgin i^ir Julius Cieoar soIicitCKl 
H from ih- U<r(l Mayor the rvretfiHW of mi 
^^•ttomfv or rli'rk titterV place in thn aherilTB 
^■coort til 1f>l>') i Hi-f)wmlraneia, !Xf2}. He 
l^wu admitttKl n mpmUr of Lincoln's Inn w 
«<irlv as '27 Jnn. Kl'JNI, but hi^ nraa not railed 
t4> ttir bur until 21 June Viifi. fl«< arRUcd 
bia first re-jwrtsd cju«i« in Hilary tiTrm UKiS 
^Crokh, lirp. Car. I, p. 297 ). I'l «-aa proba- 
bly WHO afWr thJE. certainly before IA39,that 
hv WAJ tppoinrpi] sU'vard nf We«tBiiEm«r 
iGtl, Stair Paptr*, Uom. l(VW-9. p. 351 >. 
Oa 7 Aufi- 16^^ b« obtained the reTPnton of 
Olfi(vnfIiiv>perflfth« wril»iin<i rulUtntbi- 
ifDon pl'-ft" (KlMER, Firjera, S«iMlen»o«i, 
ra. -tlVi). Tl-' wnii retnmFfI to nartiatnml 
both for Wpetmiinti-ranii fortliM bormigb of 
Caniarvon in MbtoIi I(V5*-W), ami it in not 
«I«ftr ffrwliii'b om-ititueiiCT he -at. Do wan 
rv-eWtMl fur Wwitmini'U-r Jn fict, 1640. 

CilTTiDe'* abiliiif* vtiri' ("arly mna^iwil 
by til» preabvl^nan party, with which b" 
uioifunnly art«(l diirincrthi!Loiipporitam'>nt. 
Li Noremlwr U»tO hw waa placM on a oom- 
inittoA of inquiry into the condnct of Sir 
Heiuy filler, a i usi ioe of t hi; (Mean, auspeeted 
of ahiwiiig unilu« leniEfvcr toward* popiah 

firiedtA, and from that dat« f(*rward he is 
rvqii^ntK nicniionni in Nalaon and Kaalw 
worth OA ailtJnE da, or reading ivporta from, 
coiiiiiutT««0 cbar){nd with bnidinir** of niocw 
or Im» importanrt', 5»rh im *hip mniwnr ; the 
eOUTM* of pntradore in the exchequer ; thr 
aafaniniatration of th» law^ af^in»t rvra- 
aania; miMleiTicannr* of lifntenantA.deputv- 
lirutctianta. and oiImt oounty officials ; the 
pmclie« of iMuini? and i^xeoalini? wanrnate | 
«f csmmitinval »t)nwO only by afficen of, 
«tat(>; tbA 'new eannni' tf«enllr franiMl by 
eosToeatton. and which iht! coraiiK>iu had 
TtA^ In br roDtTary tr> the fundainentftl 
law* -if ib^ realm, and thp part played by I 
Arcbbi«)iop Kaad in coonwliaa with thinn ; 



I 
I 




thf proceedinfti taken aftainil Sir John Eliot 
and other membnre who had bcn-n lutgwtcd 
to fine and iiDpnMiniii>!Ut for rocidtiog the 
adjournment of the houa(> by tbe speaker on 
■>■'* V'-h. Ift«-tl. OnSSJan. KM*) I If- wm 
appi^intfd to manage a conference with ilie 
I'lnls un tbu caiw of Tliomae (tuudmun, a 
ji-<<uil., who had be«!n found guilty of high 
trcasfjo, but Iiad been repri^red by'ths king. 
He waa aUu onr nf tb« maoa^iTV of tbr im- 
peachment of SiralTiiTY), hut if>ok little port 
in thi< pmceiidin^ until I he third articl*^ w«s 
oonclnoed. Mfr tUtm hjtd tbi-condiwt of the 
case ae far as I be niui b article, and aloo spoke 
on mo»r of tbe 4iilw-nii«nl articW. Chi 
13 April he replied to sitntirord'* dc-ftrnce in 
a lon^ and cloady reaaotwd flpoMh, tbc gi»t 
of vrhieh wu tw, tbou|^ ooaa of tbe adi 
aUeg«d might amount to traaKm per ar, 
y«t tahen tof>nther tb«y w«ra evidMiee of 
• tnasonabli* intent, and that lb« cvieoce of 
tmuon waa intention not perpetralioo^ tie 
maapA the protnrtalioa of 3 Hay in defince 
of lh» pntiMtaitt raljgion, th« pow«r and 
unTilegM of parttaneal, and the iigfalii wid 
lilwrtiw! of the sutjw^. On 22 July he waj 
add^d ro the commitlne which wa* inroati- 
galing tbe conspiracy commottly known a« 
*lh<> army plot, and he waa one of a oam- 
mittM^ appointed in Sepunbtf to act datlac 
the Tficew with larve executive powem, B« 
took pan in the debalo on tbe remonsfnan 
(2- N'ir.), wa# a m«inbrr of th»- fomiaitttt 
on rH.'ih aAaim (2$> Dec.), and on tbe cam- 
numa m«olnDg to impeach tbe biahoM ha 
wan rhn)vn to dennunn- thi;ir Inrdahipa at 
ih<> Iwr of ibellonaeof I.ordji (30IJCC.) II« 
vrmx alaa one of the comniitle» w)ti<-h ml at 
<iuildhall and (Jror<^' Hall in January 
ItMl-^ to conuder the attempt to arT»t 
the five ntemben, and tpoke at Imigth and 
with much fmirg^ in rindication of the 
privil^iM of the bouM. On tb« 'J^h ha 
openaatha csjip agaiiu t ibe Duke 'jf Ibeb* 
roond in a cijttfer*fiic« with ifat* ll'mao of 
I.<ords (X&U!i><t. Impartial <'aUt^iom. L 330, 
MB, .171; HtaMwoKrH. Hut Co/1. i». M, 
*B,6(»,1», Ul'.IM, 329. Ml. ««7. 4*^-7,™;. 
10, il, 40, 4A, 47. 70,7(»-S3: O'mm. Jum,. 
ii. 41, fiit, IT. WI : VBnrrr, ,\fJ** «./ Tjbuf 
Parliament. Cam-L Rf.c. 00, «4, 1(«. IWi 
Cnnmrrr. Ntal, TriaU. lii. I41'l, II2«. I«3|, 
I4««. iT. 112; pari. l/ul. ii. lOaS. KWJ). 
Aftw tb« mtliiia ordinance in M»y if^'J. be 
aeeefAod the oSoc of df^ulv-lientHHUit of 
cnu> of tha eomti'!*, probably CvnarToaiUf*, 
and in the fotlowing June hr engaced fo MD> 
tribute 100/. and maintain a brt^ t'jr tba 

ili-fi-nn-ortb" {Hirliaffient r > ' f ffttritg, 

111 vr. xii. '■'••/•). In M I waa ap- 

pointed ivcordof of tha t^:.. -. i.-.lo«,nM 



Clynne 



>6 



Glynne 



in tliui oapaeity waa bunilr occup'uKl for some 
WKvllit iu iiorarellin^ n tilot to deliver tbv 
eilj into the hnnils of tm- Uttif? wlitch had 
ROirtiily cvDic to kUv kiii»wl«d)^> of parlia- 
mMil, and the principul &gfuta in which, 
Tompkinr und Chuloiicf |ij.v.],w«rrcxeciiT«a 
UD t'l .July (KrHiiwosTii, Hisf. CWA v. ^au- 
3:30). Hp sub^ritied the »t>lL'iua luu^uu luid 
(WVcriKiit on :>L> 8<!iit. (iA. p. 4aO). In the 
following November he did gnad aenice by 
a apeech dcprucitt 111)7 thp considfintiQUol tim 
quvniion wlielhcr prt^byt*Ti«ni»tn wiiaywv 
aivino, which hud boen forced oa ihe con- 
aidenitioti of tb>.- Iluu^ir «if Cotumoiiti bj the 
MtHuublv of diviiiKi.. (Jlviirii- jigiokc for nn 
hour, ' duritig which/ Mivit Whitdockp, who 
fbllnwcd him, 'ihu hi)ti»L> fillvd npiicc' lu 
tJiKi-nd tiiB i]U«*tion niL« hUbIvctI (WiiiTr^ 
uXKt, Mem. pp. 110-11 1. Olurt-ndon {Re- 
beliion. V. t^) says ihal liv wiu oppo^.iJ lu 
Ibn Nilf-ilniiying ordiiiitrit-i-, but il •]■>«« not 
appcur that lie epoki! on the (|ue!^tinu. Oa 
14 March I(I4>'> ni- wh<> ajiiKiint*-!! |irnl)u>- 
notnrv and cWk of ihf^rrfjwnl'iirlhpcoiinlii* 
of Fhnt, D«nbi);h, and Montjjomery (C\>min. 
Joum. IT, 474), H«! Iiocainc in 1617 v»t)* 
suapicioua of tbi; anuy, luid wtts oiii: of a 
junto of flleveo raembi-ra who wciv mo«t 
uctivo in BltBBapUng to disband it. In urder 
|udt4iLroy(h«iriiiflui^iii«, Kairraz. on ir>Jiin«', 
praeeiiteu to ihc Hoiiw ofrnnuDoiit^ a ' n>- 
■nonatninco.' pnyinf; thni lh<> housn mi^lit 
bo spaodilv puiyo^l of d^Hnqiicnt.'*, which hn 
followed up on tbe I'lth by chargiiik; the 
eh'vmi with di-^ifnii'iK ' lhi> ahuMT and di^^ 
lionour of the parliiinifnt, t)ii> in*^iiir<'rablt^ 
injury of the Bnny,'aiid so forth. Mucli d>^ 
bat«i followed, but thv lioti«c on I'J July 
paM>ed n rc«<>)iitioti which excluded llii* 
eleven members. Sonn afterwards much 
o&uaoo WB8 occaaioiii-d in 1 ho eily of Loitdoii 
hv on ordinance vesting the coroniaiid of 
the city militiu iu u if-'W comtuittt<e, and mi 
2(1 Jiilv a rahblc of apim-nlii^'* iiud 'rude 
boyj ' entered the hou*- and oTuipi'llpd rh« 
teBcitiaion of the ordinance. The house ud- 
joumed in confu^irm till tlio .SOth, and on ir« 
nusembling the §pea)ier did uol attend. 
Pallum of Lincoln's Inn wtu chosen speaker 
for tht occajttou, the flfven n-erti rvaduiii led, 
and a commillei! of wfely vtns uptKiinted, of 
which Glynne and others of the oleren wert' 
nutabera. lliis f;:avc Hm io ii >tui<pieiou thai 
ibe Innult of the I'Olh wan the wnrk of the 
elirreu, and on 4 8«ipl. (ilynno nit^ rliArffed 
with linvi»|^ be«-n iirci^wmiry In it, and orden^l 
to allcnd at the bar of ifie houac. ile at- 
timditl llw ni-«l day, and made ' n larp> 
defence iu a very wi'll rompOM-d and dnriaed 
Kpeech,' whicJi ocfa»:ioned a proloutjed de- 
bftte. Ua the Tth.howevt-r, ihtr hoiiM TOt«d 



Ilia exjnilfiioo, and comuitiwl falm to tl 
Tower. A resolution \a impeach him of hit 
rrimcs and ini^mM.nor^ wai< parsed on U 
lOlh. No active etept, however, weny ikIi 
to earn' this into elfect. On 'JM Jan. tlie hot 
reqiieMtwl ihu Earl of Pembroke to deprii 
him of hia othce of .ttewunl iif WiislmiuHleri 
but it i» not clear whether ibis vob ocluall] 
dnni-. On 2^ ?tlnv 1IU8 )i« waa rehaM-d,) 
all proceodinsM in the impeacbnient we 
Mtayed. Un t Jniw he wna nadmitted on 
the iwiition of the elector* of We«tn)in«ter_ 
to the House of Commons; in S^lember \ 
was nominated one of the commiiwionRri 
traat with the )uo^ in tb« ble of Wi^htl 
on VI Oct. he waa et«ar«d aerjeant-At-Tai 
When, hoWDVnr. the independent parly 
oained ila aacHndt-m-y, IIhs oid<-r n-iuhuittii 
nim to tbe houae •wan re.winded (1:* Dec.!] 
(Cbm'fi. Jount. V. ^*>, o70. h^; Witm 
toTKn, Mf-m. 24H, I'W, i'r>fi, S.H4 ; Ki 
wt.itni, Hist. CoU. vi. !«;. U40. i*l, flfd 
viii. H()(l : Pari, irij-t. iii. ll'47 ; O^mw. JMir 
V. L'iM, 4:10; HCt. MSS. G>mm. 7th 
I App. Ijn. ISA, Ibb, -J-'h). This waa imt 
' dialely Wfore Colonel Pride appliedhi^pUT 
and aceouQla for Lhc liict Lbal Ulynne's 
is not to be found in tbe liataof the aaclB 
and iinpriaODBd mvmbent. 
An attviupt wnn made in Jannary 1647- 
I tocompelormdui* him lorwignbia record 
ship {Comm. Jaunt, v. 4.)0) in favour of 
inHepi'ndeiU Willinm Ste.J." [n. v.] Olynoi 
however, studt tenacioimty to ois place 
July llvlH, when be retired, rcreiving 
from 1I111 corporatitvn aa a «mal] dm, 
( Whitkijocke. M*m. p, 4I2>. In the pat 
ment of 16->4 be sat for CaraarronAhint. 
June of lhi«y«ar he was etiu^ged b» i 
for the Commonwealth in the prosecution 1 
the cunKuiralors ogiinet the tifv of iJiv 
lector, John Oerijxl (n. v.], Voweli^j 
Somerset Fox. About the same time ~ 
up]K)iiiliil Kerir-nnl to the l*rotf(r!or,ant 
miiwionM a^» jiiRl \c« of as^iie for ihp 1 txfo 
circuit. He »aI. at Kxeterin Aiiril Iti-Vf 
llocorder Sl*yle to try ("olnnel Penmdii 
for Lis part in the late rebellion, nnil 
sentence upon him a« for trca-inn. H 
n.'W«rded on 15 June by the place of obit 
juKtice of the upper bench, vacant by tbe ' 
tiremenl of ICoIie (TllCIlton, -S/nr^ Paj 
iii. 332. iv. 171; UoBntrrr, UtaU Trial 
767 ; Sttik, Itep. 4oO : Hi*t. MSft. ftoni 
Grh Rep. App, )73>, In November ho 
plac^f) im the committee of trade, and 
added to that apiwinled to consider the 
rKHial" of MnnnK-u'Ii hen Inrni'l coiii-ernin^ tl 
, JewM. He waK alAo a member of the cor 
I mi I tee for collect in;; fnads for th*i relii-fi 
I the pcraccutcd protMtanU of Pie^imnnt 



Glynne 



■7 



Glynne 



JuiUMXj 1653-6 (Vat. SUU tapen, i>Qm. 
1655,0.90, 1655-0, pp. 1,^,10U). At the 
^meru election is October he war returned 
to paiii&ment for both Flint ufl C&m«i^ 
vooshire, electing to sit for Flint. In 
Febmary ltt->5-6 he tried Miles Linder- 
combe, k plotter against the life of the Pro- 
tector, who was found (niiltv and tt-ntenod 
to a traitor's death, but anticipated justice 
by poisoning himself In the Tower i CuBBnr. 
State Trialti, t. hiiX. Glvnne appear* to 
have shared Hobbes's beli^ in th>^ n-rce««:tT 
of monarchy, while caring little for the 
hereditatT principle. He accordingly snp- 
ported Alderman Packed ' petition and ad- 
vice ' that Cromwell should assume the title 
of king, and was one of tbe cnmmiti«e ap- 
pointed on 9 April to receive bi» * doubt« and 
scruplea ' in regard to that matter and eo- 
deavoor to remove them, to which end. on 
21 April, he made a long addiv« to th^ Pro- 
tector, which he printed on the Kectoiation 
tt evidence that be bad always been at h-r&n 
a mooarehist. He was continued in office 
by Richard C r omwell, and prv^ided in ihe 
upper bench until Trinity term 16-3C^. when. 
in view of tbe approaching revolution. b« rv- 
»igned. He sat for Carnarvonshire in :hr 
Convention parliament which met on 'J^ April 
1660, was created seijeant-at-law on 1 June, 
and on 8 Nov. king's serj«ant. in which cha- 
racter he act«d for the crown in th*^ prce**a- 
tion of Sir Henry Vane for high trvaMo in 
June 1662 ( HUt.'MS.S. Comm. 5tfa Rep. App. 
63, 153. lol, 16^, 1S«: Wtsse. Mi«^ttnny. 
p. 295: SlDERFnt. ^^".pt.iL IHI-2: BrBiis. 
Diary,m. 175,lS2i. <>n WXov. Id^thewa* 
knighted hy the title of Sir John Olvnnt of 
Henley Park, in Sorrey, o[ which manor he 
was lord. 

He rode in the coronation procession of 
23 April 1661, and wa« thrown from his hone 
and all but killed by the animal falling upon 
him. Pepys, regarding him as a rvu*r and a 
tumeoat^ saw the hand of God in tti« ev-nt. 
Of Olynne's immense ability a^ an advocate 
there has never been anv question. norco'.:ld 
have been after his speech on tbeimp^achm^n; 
of Strafford. Hewms«<]uallydi»tinjruUb*da% 
a judge, his judgments being much adml.'ui 
for their lucidity and method, which. say» 
Siderfin (£(p.pt.ii. \ffy) brought an intricate 
case down to tbe appreben^ion of every ^ti- 
dent. His reputation for poli'iral h'r.f^-y 
suffered severely at the hand.- 'A .\r.'!-.'-.r.y it 
Wood, who bore him a special s^-A::'- f'.r 
bis part in the suppreivion of P-^nn: ::>-k'< 
rising. His accuracy, however, m.iy >^. 
gauged by the fact that.iTiotEnz. ^* ir -x :':.'-. 
1^4 edition of 'Hudibra*.' ih? f.ll.w..-.; 
couplet : 

TOL. XXU. ' 



liA not the learMd Gins* aa : Jlaraaid 
To Bak« a>.oi tajjtt'.^ traiturs »iri:s hard * 
he says that ir wa-wriTTen by Bi:!eron the 
occaai''>n of Ppnni'J-i:<;k'* IT-Ial. but not al- 
lowed to ^and in the lt>>>} ^ition. because 
Glync? and Mavnard were then livinz. In 
bet. howtrver. Mavnard Lad nothing to do 
with Penmddock? trial. and was livinz in 
1»?74. MoTieover. tbr tsi^r^lrX b not to be 
f> jQ-l in ihr edition of \tt7i. or in any snb- 
w>)'jent^liti'>D.or in 'b»'iU: of rariousread- 
inrs api^nded to Gilg'.Ian': -edLti-jo. That it 
w^as not written by W.x-i L» cl'iar. for it 
plainly refers to the imwach.x-r-D: of Sti*^ 
lonL which Glynne and Mavnard praclically 
managedbttwcentheoj. ThatGlynnewasnot 
panicularly Mr;up'.i!.>uj ^-Ther a;- an advocate 
or ae a politician l» probable, bu; neirher was 
be amrrtrtisi— -*rvirr. 'irJy prejudice would 
doubt bis h^>n-;;ry >•:> loa? as L^ act'^ with 
the prt*brt*rrlan party. He appear- to ban 
been equally opiv.iied :•! arbi'Tary govem- 
mentand :okr.a.i-hy.ani to kar^ieeii in the 
raonan^Lical prlat'^p!-. d iiy lim.red. the only 
hojK of r«^>iL-.;i.ii *:a'.I'; atd i'.rrynj govem- 
rnent with ic iiv! i'^ai lir^ry, TLurt be was 
ei'l'iAa^iV coEj.-T-i:.! in u.t"itg ;!:*■ crown w^m 
C^'.'mwell and i^ •«k:ngf'£c^ ui^d^rrChari^ 11. 
■ H- ani MayT.Ard.' •ay* Fo**. "dividiid tbe 
«bame of appear. .'.^' a^-kir.^t >.t Harry Vane, 
thrir jJd co*.:j ..*.,r"an 1 f .-i-r.-i.' In fact , hr,w- 
*Ttr, Van^, a^ -X" Lr*! of the ind*;ptnd«nt 
pary.can bafily ^ir i'r^-r.i,^ tx a rrjadjpitor 
of Glync^, rhotii-h L- K;.av La*-<: U*n a per- 
sonal frirf.d : ar.d. is a&y ca.<4r. Glynne in ap- 
pearing on lie pr>*rrj'.'>r, wa* m<T>;]v du- 
charging hi* prof*>'.«:or..s; duty x.i kiagi; ser- 
j-Anr.nor d-->5? L* apjia^r r/, r.^-.-: Talfrn mor* 
;han a forma! pa.—, in t':.f yr/^^^.n^. Glmne 
died on lo.N'ov, UrA:^ f-'iLStnttr Piip/tn,iyAB. 
l'»)-7. p. i-tiSi. H-b marri^ fi.-it, Ynnv», 
daugbtrr of \r.\ii.z Jviiib •^n^M^^'ifuiXj 
*hr>>'^b G>yr.n^'f inil iirr.ce. Clar^nctuz b^ 




by U.'i-. '.f whom h.- had i*? i*. Hit i^l/l^rMt vai, 
WiliiaE:. w** cr-»I<-d a fj*f^>^ in IWI, 

FV-i:J« rh* ^pi^wL-w i-..i<«vl on 'li* 
iaiprwr.'.aieri? of :^*ratfo.'d. ^-,.'it*yj in hiuh- 
wjr.c.'* eiif-.-:j voj'.ri:.*. G.vrjn*: un\A.*\^\ ; 
1. -T-p**!. on th- p.— *er,v.-!^ of tU -■hi^ff* 
'/ \y,zA'>r. -.t. '»-. l';il' :;. -A ~.yt*^\t 
•■-. -::.-. yJ.'..' -X J.. !».-..-. „',-, ,r.-i ■:^ y^,^ 
V-*T-;i.i <'>::^.TTAU''..'*: '.',. ■ .M->r.*r«:hy %•- 

*^">i-: *" Vj-: •■.- f>-', «.'.-• *,.',':.*:r.r, and 

--;*! f -nr. ': G .-. t-.rr.tr.f-:.: , if, \ ^ .'iT.tfT'^wx 
at WL:-^r-4., ■«.--. iK.::r. !>-..-! J'rol*/rt/yr, 
aid a C'/ni.T. :"•'•'>: of I'af. *T.'-r.-, .r. .Aprrl, 
I'>V!. an'! m*/:-; />/-l fcv ».;v»rr4l «.v<nwm'*,' 
London, l*«0, -vo. 



[Liats of Moinbera of l^liiiment (Offieiil R«- 
turn oQ; Wbtton'a Bnranetttgf, i'li. pU i. 290; 
Wood's AlbiJiw Oion. (JJliiu), iii. 752; Fom'i 
Lirto of llii- Jiidgrs.] J. M. K. 

OLYNNE, Sib STEPHEN RIOilAIlD 
(1&0;-187J), Jl.I*. and Miitu|uary,wnsi*l(lL-Et 
itnn of Sir Hlophetl Uicltard (ilTnne, eighth 
bamnct , of Kuwonlt'ii (.'ustlt, llinttLirc. who 
WMcr*»twll).(-'.L.i»H)\f<tr.ir,J,itvl81l(,an(! 
dii^d fit. Nirc. 5 March I^l-">. ills mother 
was Mary, diiiitiiiN'r of HiiJiiLnl Xovillc, 
s«coTit) l.onl Brnybmnkc. The fnlhi^r was 
desoenJed iu direct line from llie )uiKv under 
the oommonfffisllh, Sir John (i]ynn« [q, v.], 
whoM Hon WlUitim id. lOHO) was created a 
baronet ^ May lUil. Sir Stephen, horn in 
1807, 6UL<«e«cli:il w ainth baronet in 18IC, 
and waiiwliicaleJ at EtonandClirisl (.'btircli, 
Oifo«I(B-A. 1828, M.A. 1«;J1). From 1^35 
Lo 1837 he sui a» H liberal in thv Uouei.' of 
OuminoiiH an M.t'.for Fliut BiirghA, and from 
18»7tn 1847 Its M.i'. fur l-'liiitshinj. Iluwaa 
for many vant lonl-l if u tenant (if the oaniR 
county, wfiere the fnniily ostates Inv. He 
died Buddenljin Ijondon, 17Junrl8j4. Hf 
was not marrietl. and an hiH death the 
buuoetcj became exUocI . His elder sister, 
Oalberiner wm mnrriH l'2f> July ^KiQ} to 
Mr. (afterwards the Right Hon.) W. E. 
Gladstone, and tha HawanlMi estate with 
tlie rattle ii now owned by their eldest aon, 
Mr. W. H, Oladtitone. 

Mr. W. E. Gladstone, GlynneV brother- 
in-law, describes him *» 'n nian of HiRj^Ur 
refinement and of reiiiarkable modesty.' ' His 
nemorr,' Mr. OladHtone adds, ' was on the 
whole aeci(l<>dly the mosl. rfniarkiiblii knnn-n 
to mc of thii generation and country.' He 
was a learned aiitiqiiiirv nod inti'reMted him- 
self cspwially in the arohitcctural historr 
of cbtirches, ' of which.' writw Mr. Oiacf- 
Alone. ' hia Wnowledj^i was such as to be 
probably wilhmit example for ext<nii and 
accuracy.' Iu the roume of hia life he pcr- 
ai>nallyaur%'«vt-d and wade notes ou thi>nrchi- 
tt!«tonil deiailft iif b/tSO BngUab chtirciiM*, 
His manuscHpte ara Mill AXtuDl at Hnwar- 
<len Castle. Kin iiftphew and «ucee«anr, Mr. 
W, f I . f ; Indnrone, piibUsh&d in 1877 h is notes 
eoncorniuc Kent, which dealt with nnarly 
three hundred churclieri. 

[LeUT to the wriiw from iho Kighl Boa. 
W.R. niKdstime; Foster'sAlumuiOson.: Uurkt's 
BarusptDKii. 197* ; (ilynno"* Chun-iip* mf Kwt, 
with prtfiwebyMr. W. B. GUdnloac, 1877.] 

S. L. li. 

GOAD, GEORGE (d. lfi7T). ma*iror at 
Klon College, » native of Windsor, Ilerk- 
ahirf, was young'er brother of Thomas Goad 
id 1666) [q. T.j Aftvr piuang through Eton . 



be was adniitte<) into Kiui{'« OoUegre, Cam- 
bridge, iu IdlK), proceeded M.A. in lU^, and 
ruturoed lo bis old school a» a master. In 
IU37 bewail rhosiu) KFUiior univertiiiy proctor 
(Lb Neve, Fatti, ed. Hardy, iJi. G23). Hit 
C'lUejft! pnvii<nti.-dhim in 1&j<Jtollie roctoriw 
of ilorei^ad and CoUishall, Norfolk, (hi 
IR Oct. ]HiS he was appointed fullow of 
Eton by the porliamontanans in tfac plac<!> of 
John Cleaver, who bad bvcn ejected. He 
died on 10 or 18 Cfet. 1671 . In hU will, dated 
I'O Aug. Itm (rt-gistwd in P. C. O. I3«, 
]>uke), lie mentioiut his property in Bmyand 
Eton. Uu Ivf^ three aona, George, 'fliomas, 
and Chrixtoirlii-r, and a daughter, Jane, Fljgj 
wife, Jane, had dird befon'- bim in 1667, 
Ihn in{)' of thirly-foiu, tioad continued t 
cainloguejt of the rai>mbfr« of the foundati 
of Klon College from those of ThomiutHatdie 
>indJ(dui Scolt to hi44t, of which Fulloraod 
Wood madw cnnsidcmhlc use. and which Cda^ 
transcribed (cf. Adtiit. ^U*W. 5814-17, 5955>B 
He has Latin elegiacs 'in felicero NatalemS 
illust.riMimi l*rinci[iis Duels Ebutmcensia' at 
pp. 40-1 of' Uucis tCbdracensis KaM;i».' 

[Hiimoud's Alumni Klou. pp. 72. 7Z, 
Smyth's Ohituary [Camd. Soc.). p. M.j O, 



mas, 

1 

txiafl 



3.0. B 
nuat^l 




GOAD, JOHN (1616-1689), head-i 
of Aferchant Taylors' .School, sou of John 
Goad of BiebopsgateStroel, London, was bom 
in St. Helen's parish tber.- on Ut hVb. IOl&-l0t 
After a prt'liniinur}- training in Merdiaat 
Taylors' Sehrttd bi- tvti»ii<linJttts1 to gt. John's 
C'>l!i'^f, Oxford, in 1 tWi, of which he b«?«*nie 
ft fellow iii.A. I'VJO, M.A. UUO. B.D. 1647), 
In 1643 he wba pn-»inl<-d by his colle^ 
tlw vicoragi' of .'*t. liiles, Oxjord, nnd dm* 
the aiegt- iierformini divine eer^-ice under 
of the partiamenlarv cannon ('Woon, At. 
Ojrm.,»d. Bliss. i\-'-Jd7). On i:(.Iunc 1 
he was presMitf'd hy th<^ nnivcrsitjr to ihi 
Wcfflrfi^ofVarnton,l)xfordjtbir«.% which' with' 
much ndo' be contrivL-d to retaju until th 
Itcstorarion. Wood's brother Cbristopher 
went daily to school lo (ruad while vicar of 
VoruCon in 1049, and Wood himself recei 
tubtriictlon from him, mil) fuimd liim '«o 
cet;dingly loring and tender man' (AutaUt 
^raithu, tfA, Ulins, pp. xvi, x\i\). 

In 1660 he acf«pt<^ the hMd-nutatarahin 
of Tun bridge school, Kent, bat was amointM 
head-raaatiT of Merchant Taylors' Scnool on j 
12 July 1661. He wn.^ verysuecrWnl in this j 
[■onitiori until thestfit&rion at thetimeofl 
'popish [tint." Iff was choi^nnl in Ma 
llJ8(>-l with certain paNNagift time 'mfoi 
atrongly of popery ' in a ' Oommt'ni on t ha] 
Church of Kn;ii]iuid CiiU-chi^ou,' written 
the use of his ftchrilant. Thn gmndjurvi 
London ^rusuutcd a complaint to thie fie 



rof 



Goad 



<9 



Goad 



cfcna Trnfiaew* Comftaj nsffctitig the n- 
Ulpoa» dootriaec iftoght ta Ukv BcEoot llw 
jviueipal cmptneat -w&a l>r. John 0«m, who 
■immliil tD abuawnc Ooail't nUou for his 
aapWw, John iUrtclifie^ Arbv hMuing 
OmA dvfenc* tlie ramputj deriiled nn 
IS A|«il li^l lb»t be wu 'pppishlT and er- 
noeaoii^ iffMted.' Mr WMaiitniiiw«1,hnt in 
Kcoputtoii of bib put MTTiasUwT Tot^dbim 
* 70L aA a |[ratiut;, iadiMliiig ihe 101. by bhn 
pud for tAXc, trophUs. ftnd rhimm'V titOD«j' 

Kij.3<ft-AI). Goad's fiwodapnitcBl«d*gBiatf 
^Bhia AiBMiHl MM tlw work o( a fiutiiMta putj. 
HFoU putiraUnan enrm in ibe 
^t In * Cootritraow of ua> Famtical 
W ton bt etrninff on the IWkuls oiider Lm- 
B bra(!» of in^ Popish PlM \uA vftn, with 
■ IVr> - ' t/mlov, 1683, (oL, wiiiun hj 

H^Vi: i.ttdMobawieraflxIiagtaK. 

H wboo>^Tiifr4<Jo«dMapca*aaofiiiiequKUcd 
H 4)iuliScntuM» for the po«t. 

Ue now look a bouM in Rcndillj, and 
opened* |>nvfeteKbool.wliifh vat raeon«] to 
hy manv uf tba ' gBnUtkr sort * of hia p(rnou« 
ArbriUn. Thia achool be oonttnaed oatil 
ahnrtlj beAm his death. In thebennningoT 
]686MOp«nlTdaclanidhiB«rlf anooiaaeai- 
tbfl] ie, in aiccatdatuv wit b eoBTicflkas fanned 
manj yean imnously. Indeed Wood ctaica 
thai lie had he^n n«oocil«d la the Roatan 
conmi anion as wiy aa Itaeoibcr 1000 in 
So meia rt Douae fay a prieat in the hooM^old 
of Qui^'Q H'-nn-ita Jlaria, then lately n- 
luravd rrooi Vnact, Mr. tiillow ar^uea thai 
the Bermooa which h>> pabli#hed aft«r thu 
date are tnoiDiMteai with thu Uorr (i>tr/. 
</AvNUOitjk>ln,ii.auiL Uoad'died oai 
SB0cLlQ8B»aBd WW buried naarthe^nTci 
of hit nrlatiaaa in the cfaorch of Great St. i 
IMcn'W in Biabopagate StneT. 

Wood nyv ha * had Bod of pcimitnn 
ChriMianHy in biin, ad wia endowed with 
BHMt adniinble aonk.' Ifia worh* an: 
1. Sem&l printed ■J »o na ,ae»e of vUdh 

I were pneacbfd nt Su PanTa. 3. * A IWndae 
leoaeerniny Playnea, their Walnwe. UBiaWri, 
-Kindi, ftc,' wineh waadiauujad in tfaeaicat 
during the giwal 6r« of Lcndnn in 1Q0B. 
S. * Oraealoipenn I^iinmn. A pniiom 
Melbnd tif Thetnoaiy ri aQ Latin Words 
. . . Ac^ far the wp *d the N^oehrte in 
Meichant Tavlon'SdMot'SndediiioaC Lon- 
aoB. l(t7dL 4. ' OnHarat mt the Chwch 
of Bngind CMcthMa.* fi. ' DalaMian, 
whMberMonaid^hetbebnt fara>«f Oo- 
vwaaMM.' Pmtedai tWandof'TWEnr- 
Udi OnCor or Rhrtoricnl Wrifnnfi by wav of 
I,* fay WiHiaa Bktarda oCTrinity 
,Oxfcfd:LioadDn.]nO^Bra. 4L'Ajtr»- 
: or A 




of the Bodies C^eleatial, their Xanna and 
InfltifnoM, Disoovend front the Variety ctf 
tbr Allemtionx at the Air, t<-iiint-rat« Or iit- 
temDKrate, aa to Ilest or Cold, rroet, Snow, 
Hail, Foff,Kain, ^Vin<l, .Stom, LifrfatDin^a, 
TbondeTflnbunin^, Iliirnrane, Ac Collected 
fra«ntlip(>hi«rvaiiOD . . . of thirtv Teara,*Lon- 
don, 16^ toX. Tht» work niud faint great 
repatatioB. The anfajeet a it ia a kind of 
astrolof^, fotmdcd forthe tnoat part on aaeied 
auiboniy, rentoD, and asperineat. T.'lhary 
oftbe ^Veatber at London front July 1, lt!77, 
to the last of Oetnfaer 1670,' BodL IJbr. 
AafaiDol. SIS. 3G7. 8. 'Aatro-MHeoroli^ 
aana; ore Piinetpia Pfayaicsa-Ualhenuilicm. 
qnibiia MutaliooiuB Aeria, Morbontm Epide^ 
■icoram, Comecannn, Tone Motnnn, alin- 
ram^netna^niorvaiNatiine Effectuum ftatitt 
teddi pwot. rtpua multonn annonnn ex- 
pBrienf ooapRKialiiin.' I^ondon, 16B0^ 4lo. 
AnoayoKNuly edited after Qfiad*a death by 
Edward ^'•pl'r archdaaeon of TaontoR and 
vicsr of St. SepokhreX Loodoa ; with ■or* 
tnjt of the anther, oiginnd hy R WutCL 
prefixed. & ' Antndidactica : or a Ptnctieal 
Voenhnlny,beia«the bett and mmm Method 
yntnxtant far yoong Baginnera t« attain to 
the Knewbdaeof the Latin Toociw,' London, 
IflBO^Ara. 

proofs Atbnv Oxen. (BUm}. tv. 'I I. Faetj 
elSCS; Dadr* ChnrA HiA. iii. tf 1 ; BobiaMn'* 
Ba^o- of M«trb>al TayWa' Sdml. ■., hiM. 
ifc^eh p. n« >wl u IIA; Kmb^» Bagittae, 
f. tt7; Onan'eKw. H1& «f Eariaed. tSSt. 
r. a; CMb^XiK^bay, r. 1M.] T. C. 

GOAD. fUXiEK, 1>J>. (l»8-l«IO>,pto- 
TMt of KWa CoUe«s Camlndae, hom al 
Hortoa, Sain^ainihir*, in l9W,waned»- 
cated «t BfaM, omI elected ihmrw to Kii^a 
rnlwariahiHii ■fahiihhigMai1«illiii1 
aaeholarl Sept. IfiU, and a fclhm 3 SnC 
\hSA. He wntontB.A-ialfiSa.BMlcnii- 
waicMl yUL, in U63L On 19 Jan. lS6»-« 
ha waacnoined to atady theolooy, and hf pi». 
needed [U). in 1S4IBL As thia penod he waa 
muttm <d the Am g mM ar aehaol at Omld- 
CDtd,whaeoneafh«paikiraaOeors«Abtnt 
r*). T.\ nltiaMtely arufaiabon of Canterimiy. 
On the drprmtion of Dr. nnlip Bafccr, Ooad 
waa II I iiiawi niVJ a» hie BneneaKr in the 
ofiee of ptimat M Khut'a Callc», Can. 
bidfCr, by BidHV UtWaf Wabtf^OnUaB, 
and HeniyKnalha. OBaBFeh.l£aB-70 the 
FJca- p r w o* and Hinwa ■ Hn mi J a Itt^tn 
the qBean aAnyfer a free ilwtiwn, wad •»- 
other 10 Sa Wtllaia Cl«a iniiMMiiBai 
Pond, who waa n iinJiMlail U tin tMW h a 
lanerdaiad HaanunConfl.l Manh feOo*- 

Hawaa ai idin1| rierraj, hajiy pw- 

I lo the viijlar on the lOtb of tW wae 

at 



Goad 



aa 



Goad 



uixithfOnilkdmitUidonthiildtlL OnSNov. 
1572 hcwB»n)i?L'UNlIjiu]y ArBi-jijiirotVpnHiebxr, 
whirhotTicijhfiUi'ldlill lo"?. IL- wa« M*al«d 
Tt.U. ill 157:1, and wa§ vice-chancellgr of iho 
univei^iljfoflli'-yi'iimminii'nciniiN'iivttinbi'r 
157fi. On 6 Mari:h lorfi-7 he. biHmini) chan- 
cvlloT of the chiirrh of Welln. lU wm »Im> 
chapluD to AtnbrtL^ Ihitlli-y, '>iLrl rtf War- 
wivk, and tield the rectory of Milton, Cam- 
bridOTshiro. In Octob'^^ loHO h-- wu*, with 
Dr. Bridffwater and Dr. Fitlkt>, engaged in 
examining aome of the Kamilv of Lbve who 
were oonttnud in Wislwcb ^antlu. Kod in 
SeptcrabHT 1681 b« and Ur. Fulke hud oiu- 
ferpnciM in tlie Towit of London with Ed- 
innnd Ctnipitin, tlif jr«iit, of whicli an ac- 
ootut npneamd in Nowell and Day's ' True 
Repon,' 1G83. (n 1595 and in WH he wax 
Tie^4>liUMM<1tnr for a si:<^n<l and third time. 
Ho di«d on 24 April 10 10, and was buried 
in a cbantrron the north side of KiFi);'ii Col- 
leK» Ohap4^. 

liftmarried Katharine, duughlerofHichard 
Hill of IjondoD. Six mm ircn a\ec\i^ from 
Ctun to KJnijV, vie Mat! h<;w, I'll omiia [q.v. \ 
Rubert, Hopper, Christ'Opher. and Richard. 
Allbougli hts guvcrumciiC of lh<; rolli-^v in 
camni9nd0d.hBnietinuch oppoDitioti from the 

i*uninr nembera. He re-eetablifht^d the eal- 
ef[U library, and liyliio will wiiHiibfuvfiiclorta 
ibftftociely (Cdopmk. AtAen^ (>tnfalir.\'ii. 20). 

1I» was autbur of: 1. 'To Sir Wylliam 
More,' a poem. ManuiTnpt in thv Cninhridj^i 
Uuivt-rnity Library, Kf. v. -1 £ 81. 2. An 
ausww to arlicii's exhibited o^aimt him by 
four of the yoiinp-r company of Kinff's Col- 
loKC, 1076. Manuscript in llie Slate IVpur 
OUice: I*n»d. M.S. ifa, art, 38; Baker MS. 
tr. Si, 3. hetlvn urincifjully vn lUc nlTairs of 
the univeraity nnJ hia collt-gi-. Si^veml have 
been printed. 

[liaknr'x MSS. iv. 9.2a,Sf(. 18S, 2(j6, xx <)I). 
It:t: l)t<ji[>nli>'l<i'sCuLlecianatOMUt>r. pt>- 136, 
172; CarliiilQ>itirAminjir8«)malii,ii.672: Itiatiop 
Fmhor's Srrmuti for I^dy MarKiirnt (HymnmJ, 
p. »8; FuUor's Woniiiuv (Uuclu): KariroDd'H 
Alumni VAt.a. pp. 13. 171. IVK, 2111. 2<>/>. •i\2: 
UejmHMl aud Wri(thl'a Uuiv. Tr»iii«i!tii>tui ; 
I<*l4[«r Coll. ItuRaL it. IS8 ; Le Nere's FiMLi 
(Hardy), i. !*8. iii. 606. ««3; Lili. Prijioi-oll. 
C<^l. B^l.i 170. 197. 2^8. 243; L'iKot'o Oad- 
leigh, 106-8.175, 176; Maiiaingaiidfiniy's Sve- 
tvy. i. 79; Smith> Cat. of Chiu* Ooll, MSS. 
p. 19; Cat-ofM-SS-in CiiinVirMj{« Univ. Library, 
ii.'18S:SU7p«'sWDrlu(gvDoriil index): WiUctt'a 
Sairra Rmtilemnta, n. 20; WrielU'H Eltaaboth, 
i. 464.1 T. 0. 

OOAD. THOMAS, UD. (167ft-lKJ8>. 
rvcioroflladlei£r)i,ijuirolk, born at Cambridge 
ill August 1 670, wastlie Kvondof Ihittvn mina 
of Rt^ Oottd (1638-1610) [ti-v.]. by hia 






wjfv, Katharine, eldMt dauf^htvr of Bicburd 
' Hill, cilixen of Ijonilon (BrjlUstos, Attio- 
I butgrnphv, Tamd. Soc. p. M). W-. was edu- 
cated at KLon,&adllienraeIectt>d loascliolar-j 
itbip at King's CoUcttw, Camfartilgi-, 011 1 Kn|)t,] 
I initi; nn 1 flept. I5(>n he became fellowj 
I B.A. in liritll. and lecturer in ISOK At coli 
Itfgo br di-ctin^iiitlii^l himiwlf by hia ekill il 
writm^f Tersef, and contributed to the coll« 
, tions on thp dyath of l>r. Whitakcr, I6V>'. 
I nu tliu ncLi^asion of JaaiM 1, lOUJ; on ll 
deulli of lleury, prince of Wale», Idl2: 
tbu rvtiim of Prince Charlua from Spac 
1623; and on Lhtt king'* return trom Scot! 
in 163S. In IfMH) he prooeeded M.A., uid 
was incorpornteil on the noM degn^ at Ox- 
ford nn IH July of that year (i?M. t^f Cm9~ 
of Ovf. Oxf. Uist. 3oc. vol li, pt- i. 
fV>rj). Wood wrongly id»ntifieD him wit 
the Th(>nia.<i Cload who wm incorporated on 
lo Julv l(!17; the latter woji probably a 
eou8in,Thnniiii«Goad,LL.n. (rf, 16Hli)i;q. t.] 
( ¥a*ti Oj^n. ed. Hliiw, i. X I). At Ohnstmaa 
10(Ht he was onlaincd priest, and coinmt>ni»d 
B.D.inlWr. liiliJ09b«wa8bur«arofKin(r'a; 
in 1610 be succeeded hisfatber in thr^ family 
lirinir of Milton, near Cambridge, which bt 
btild logvtUttr with )iii> f<dl<>wi>hip; iu 1011 
he vrns appointiM) dean of dirinity, and \«ry 
shortly aiUTw-JirrN he uuittvd Cnnjbndg« to 
reflidft'at Ijninbv4h ti aommt\c chaplain to 
Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury, bis fatb«r^i 
oldptipilat UutldfordKreeSchool. In I61fih6 
tooklhw dt-gn-tof D.D.: on l(i tVb. 1017-18 
LowaHniftdeprwMtitorofSt. Paul's I'at hedral 
(Lk Shvts, Ftuti, e<]. Hardv.ii. 3ol ): and 
1018 he was pru»*'iu«l bv aIiIwI to thi'rocM 
ofIIndli-i(;h,Siilfoik. H'eal»oheldthi>recto 
of Btack Notley, Eescx (NuwoorRX, Srpfr 
/iM7M»t, ii. 44^1, nnd prv>biil)lv that of M 
ham. Surrey. In ItJllI the kin^, at Lhv la^ 
(itance, it !■ said, of Abbot, aenl him oul 
rinpply Jo!M>ph liall'f p1ap<i^ at the srood of 
Dort. llalUjiokb highly of the qiialiticntionfl 
of his aiicc&sMir (Fri,r,EB, Cfiurrh Ittat. ed. 
BrewtT. V. KJ7-9). Al l)ort (»oad, ^raviouUj^— 
a Oalnniet, went over to the Arminiaos (>A.i|S^| 
47*j n. ) He is siipjKUted to have lo«t in coni^l 
secjueocH a fhare tu tlii^ bigb eeel«»iaatical 

finifLTmenls which were granted to htit <K)I-_ 
enciii<i* liv JniniMi, and liiji namt! waaoniiU 
accidi^itally p.rrlinph, iu the 'acta' of I 
Hyuud. I loam] hia colleagues racvircd tk 
acknowl>-d(rm"'nl»(>l'l.bf>8l'.alf*-(li'u»'ral,3r 
for I heir Cnivi.'lUng t^xp«>nit(» home, and a gold! 
mLxlitl npiece weigliing three quar1<T« nf %\ 
pound in wi'ight. Uoad n^tnrned In his 
(?hiiplaincT|»A,T.-l7tS}. llebecameon'i/iAag. 
lf!21 preU-ndarv of the tenth Wall in Win- 
cbenUT l^tilliodVal (Kb Nbve, iii. ll>. 
X&IH he w<i* engaged as as»>iatADt to Di 




Goad 



31 



Goad 



I 



I 



I 



I 



msn beld tntb the jesaiu, MukMt imth 
vbom he had pet wialy dispal«d), John 
Fiaher fQ- tA and otbmv. Ili?di»taipiub«d 
hiawdf IP the diatfiMuon which chuied the 
jBvuit* with a wilful aiareprewnUiiciK oi 
rotlcj'c arr^iiiiu-iiis (FuTLBT. TMe Uomitk 
I'Mttr eaugiit and ketti in hi* otnte \rt, 4io, 
l«94,pt.i.i)p.»7't>,4:l>. Aboai I6lM pTTnoe 
«how«l (iuM a inition of hit* liwtnooaMix,* 
but bilrd Ui coanncn him of the loimdiMM 
of hia arguatnts (OAmnnrsB, JSRrt. Si^tea^ 
rii 837-81- (.load waa twice proctor in ocmk 
Tocation {cr Oambridge, and waa pmloen- 
Un of the lowpr btmm in tb« coBvocatJoo 
which w«* bad at Oxford in lfl96, aetinf 
in the n«ad of Dr. Bowke, who abMoted 
bimaelf through tear of the plaftie. Aboat 
1637 he hecato« a eoiutant nwident al Had- 
l«■gl^ the movt importaai and pleanntert at 
hia nnftniMDta, aad wraCe * A Dbpuution.' 
portuwiMOurfy pabUdwd. I f « wrote the in- 
WTip<i<'B apon Ouiauboii's tomb in Weaft- 
niftMcr Abbey, llehadan wM faocy for«a>> 
faelliahitig' Hadkvh churrb and ttctaej with 
fnntjnp and quaint iiucnpUooa. Theao 
pnCtQiVSiaf wkidi lrarv> n-tnmin, wftv mtMiIy 
•xeeued, after lioadV own dwri^n, by eri« 
Bemanuti Coletnan.s lladlaigh artirt. It la 
•aid that hn intt-ndM ia torn the a»-«alled 

* Moth chatNil ' of lladleigh Cbvfdi into » 
public tbeMOgicaJ library, and nMT AehnM 
(bat no boolu) wen extaoL in 1737. Ub 
±i Oct. I<i3» be waa made dean of Bockiiy, 
Em«](, joiDtlywith Dr. JohnltaiUiAiB [Q.f.] 
(NBWCDt-xl, iL tl8t.atid on 17 I>ee. oftbe 
aane year wax auioinUd an cedeiiaMKal 
eonuBianoBsr tat BHriand aad Wale* c Oti. 
Statu Papm, Dora. 1633-^, p. SSfi). lie 
died en fi Aug. 1flf!8. and was buried in th.-? 
rfaaticcl of ILhilleigb Cliurch n^xt da*. 'Till 
■he day of hia dMih," aaya Fnller/'he de- 
Ucbt«d in Eaaldns of Tecaea* ( HVibiv, «d. 
ltf6S,'Can)bri<L[Mbir<-.'p.1A9V HfrWlUad 
aC Miltoo and u» l>ort nedal (atoleo tn the 
|iwai!nl century ) to Kin^'a Coll«!f(i>, lb« nmt 
of the land to' be applied tn the parefaaM of 
dirinitv bo'Jt* for tb« library. Accordinc 
Ui FoIleT ( UartUfs, Inc. cit.) G««d 'bad 
s comnan'li&i; p r eaaoc e, an uncontrolahle 
apirit, impatient ta he op p oa td , and loriag 
toiteeR uwdiacoiUM (bonpa ([ood PDot lo 
thai parpoaaJofalltlMrCanpaDy h«caa«itt.' 

Rv wmt# a painfallr iatenettng tncS «a- 
tillcd 'Tlie Llolefvtl (!iteD-Song. or a trre 
. . . ^Narration of ihal t«UKtaU and Mddea 
oalsBity.w btch befell t he PrMcher M r. DnrTT, 

• iMuite [ace I>EraT, noBttar, lS87-ld2^, 
. . . Inr Ifaa downebU of the floore at an aa- 
Mubry in the Blarh-Krien on Snnday the 



30. of Octob. taal , in the 




:*to. 



Loodoa, 16831 Dsrinc ibe mat >aar be is 
betieT«d to have aditcd^a fttUerbon of filthy 
Kocie* W an apaatat« catholic, ntitlod 'The 
Prien Chrraude: or ibe lire Legoad of 
PrieauiDd KoBfcea UTea.'4ta, Londen, laSS. 
The epiatia defiealory to the CoasUaa of 
Vem^Uf i» eined T. U. Appended to 
Bishop L«wna» WoBiaek'a — mijui o uam n 
tiae am *TIm Keanlt ofFalse Prake>plM,'4t«^ 
Loadoa, IWl, ii a met by Goad. 'StimTln 
Ort h o Jox ta ; aira Ooadaa wdiriTia. AOia- 
wrtaiioe . . . i— iii»iii| the f u 1 1 aiilj and 
OntiMwcy oTEveota m iba Worid, n nt- 
areetof GotTaBuffnal Deoee * (rvpnUiabed 
ia * A C o D ert ioa cf Tiacta rooeenbic Pn- 
dwMinatioti and Vnmd^ac^,' h\o, Camoridg^ 
1719). An'amobacion'bTUmdupwed 
in the 1734 MitioB t«f ELuahctb Joedia'a 
•The Hcther'a Lcact to ber onbon Cluld,* 
let edition, 18M. 

t Fi«ot'> BaAiUk. n. I «<-7iL nad tisOThm : 
Piggt^ 0«ide la BadleiKh, p. •. and * W » h sra : 
Harwead'a Atmmd Bua. p. IM; Ad-liu HH. 
IM6S.K IM. 187. 171 K 17? A. i;S-a; Walker* 

S^sriaB at tba CScfQr. [4. ii. p. US ; Ncw- 
eontfa Bnnrtoritua. t 101 ; Waatra Faati Oxoa. 
OBmX ^ '74 : Kjvm^f F«aera (aaadcrean, 
17M),xTiiL«&] 0.0. 

GOAD, TllOMAS {d. 1068), regiua pm- 
fiMor of Un at CanbnW elder braUMr of 
OMmGoad(dL 1(171) ff-v.], ma etcflted 
froaBua to Kiac's CoD^ Cradmdge, tn 
1611, and praombl M A and LUD. lo 
1618 he beeune s aMHber of (iray'a Inn 
(Smri. MS. WIS). On 15 July hI17 be 
was inm(paral«d nailer of aria at Osi^d 
(^'oM« Asa' Oim^ ad. BSm, i. XiijWttn 
be ia tfnfff**^ with Iub txniHn,TboMU 
Goad, DJ>. (IS7«-I8») [<|.'-^' "" *** 
■pmintad nndavof kncm Inn aninfMty (■ 
IdSOVpra-pnetor in lOfl.pcnertn I033,aad 
mmxK pnctor in 1609 (Ll >'n k, Ftut*, rd. 
Bardy, id. a]!3>. In lOSA htwas elecUd to 
tbofcgiiMpndMonhipof law*. Ilndied tn 
I06S poaaiaaed of property ia N«w and Old 
Wia^ and daevbcee m BarfciUm. lUa 
will, dated 16 Anril lOM. waa profed at 
Lflodai on the iauow'a% 6 Joly ( nK manA 
m P. V, C. 117. Mieo). By bw wifa Mary 
behad tvodau^ten: Oi>ca,nainad tojou 
^ng, and Marr, marriad to John (J w i c ba^ 
He contributed Latin rVyaea to ' Dnda 
Ebonoensis Faaew ' f p- ^ I. end waa probably 
the aiOhn' of 'Edogs rt Maaa ViT]pf«rM ae 
Jaridioa,' Bvo, CaBbridge, \9&i, which ia 
omiboled tqTbomaiOo»d,Pi>.^by'rhoiBaa 
Baher, who BndoM to awM froa the ni- 
tapfa at lIadb^(WooD^e«fi Ofl«., loc at,) 

[Hiuvuvfa AbuBni tUm. p. SU ; U Xwve'a 
Fmu. ad Bs>dy. id. M7.] 0. 0. 



Goad by 



88 



Gob ban 



OOADBT,ROBERT(173l-1778>,prmt8r 

and i;rnn])ilHr,of SUfrbirni*, l>nr>«it»!iire, wa« 
boru in 17^1, IXe waa an iadefali^'ablp book- 
malier. Ilid Kri.'(itt.'j^l uroducii'ju vma ibe ' IK 
Itutrutioii uf tliM Hilly Hcriptiin-:*.' in thnx! 
largo foliu vulunnMn (ITSO). Gondhy alan 
Com|)ilHlnnil prinlirij « ^lopulnr tH»ki^nlit.W 
'TlieOhriHtiaii's In-ttnioi^irnnd Popkcl ('nm- 
panion, pxtrHCl**! from the Holy Sc'ript iirwn,' 
which WHS ayprrtvi'd by Bishop Sherlock. 
' ApoloCT for lie Lifc of Uuinivldo Moore 
Carow ' [flvc CiiiKw, ItiurTiJki: itlooBB] was 
printtHl liv ')'>adbv in 1749, imd bu« of\«n 
iHteu rpprintci!. (iomihy and Uis wifo have 
biith b«i-n clniini;<] ne thi- author. Xitrholo unyK 
that (lunrihy wtu n mnii i>f iikkIchI v "i"! ■'■' 
top-ity- Hifipublisliioff busiriRss was Inrpp for 
RBmall pnivmdul Cfiitnj.ainl his'Shcrbontp 
Mwrcury' wux nu inlliK'nltnl joiiniiil in llir 
fioulJi-weai nf Kngland. (ioEidhy was b strong 
whiR, ilihI tnntlc mtiny ("niTQi'-s a» well lu 
frimdH by his plain [<pi.-Akin^, tb>Hi|;h ppr- 
nonally he wtta miicli respuclM. He wui a 
ffmat lover of bolAny and nntuiul hii'tonr, niid 
buqutathod aa eiiduwaiL-nt providinij l^)r ihe 
nreBchin^ of a sermon on the iirsl Sunday of 
May in livory yuur in 8h(trl)i>ruG Church on 
till* btiaulius uf natiirf. An iUh endowment 
bpoaroetooTalll8bIpforilftpnrIH»«?P,]lt^>vi*ion 
for tho poor wbk mnflrwith tii" i«iiq>lufl. Ilu 
iftiw ft d'i'i'ply religions man. Evftry mnminj 
before broabfiist he walked from hie house to 
the spot, be hadchottcn for his |]^vi-,»'> that lie 
might * koop mindrul of his latter t^ud.* He 
diM of atrophy nfter e, long and painful lll- 
iiMson 12AUK.1778, Other work;* »ubli*hi.-d 
by Uottdby, Uwdae lho*o Dieoliouea nlri^ady, 
ware *Tlie Univarae DtsplAy^,' 'A lUtionQl 
Cstecbismon tbo PrincipWof Ituli^Ion ilre wn 
from Ihn Mind itiiclf,' and '(loadby's Bntiah 
Bioffraphv.' Hoadbv wbb at one tiiim coii- 
nectwd with 'TI.b Wiwtem Flying Poal.' 

[NithoWn Lit,. Aii«cd. iii. 723-6 ; Hr. Beanl's 
kit. in UniUriua Homld. July 1873. wberwihere 
U ttiaci\ biiignijihii^id and bibliographical infor- 
mation-l J. U-Y. 

OOBBAN S.\KK, or the Artificer (/T. 
7tli cenlnry), a promincnl Offiire in Irinh 
traditiun, is eaid by rn^lriii in hjo ' KKMiy on J 
tho Round Towors of Irr-Iand,' upon tht- au- 
thority nf the Diunsennhus prestirvwd in thu 
books of Lfcan nnd HHltymolc.to bavt- beon 
tlict Bon of • ^liilful aninan in n-ood DBmi'd 
Tuirbi, from wli'im Twrv«y in the lianmy of 
Ncthcrerosa, co. Dublin, i» nanifri, nnd tn hnvt; 
flouri«h«d (aooording' to (VFIaherty's fhrnno- 
Imj) A.M. 2764. ButO'CnnrhasMinwn ihftt 
tbiB is au orror due to a mistranslation fur- 
ninbed lo Dr. Potrie. O'C'urrv is prohnHy 
ri^bt in HAjin^ 'ihvrv is litt(>j doubt that 
Gobban wa» advwceudant of Tadg,»on ofCian, 



aon of OlioU Olum, who settled in Meath 
th« third otintury.' 

Gabban i« first mentioned in an Irinh 
attributed to u lunatic protected bv St.'&Col- 
liii)^, prpMirrvrsl in a manuacHpt beloneiog' to 
the monostciT of 8t. Pant in CarintJtm, and 
aafli^«d by Eiprr iSlone totheeichth century. 
It speaks of a fort mndv by Oobbon in Taaioi 
Inbu'(Wpflt Meath). In the lifcof dt. Avdli 
or Maodhog of Forne (if. ii'i'J) Ciobban ia uid 
to biiv« been employed by tbi.- iininl in build- 
ing a church ( Inuulica. aaid by I'elrie to imply 
a stuno biiitdin};), and .AcdhV 8iiccL'S£or, Mo- 
cltuK I'f Luachuir [d. ti^i'2i. ik mid to banr 
emploTud him ujion a wooden church. But 
thp eaiut vrbow life contains mosl iuforow- 
tioti aboiil (iobhan U ^t. IhiircMI or MoJli 
[({. v.l, n'hu lived to the b^ of eightv-foi 
and diiM V>iX). AOiir thx full of a /am< 




yi!w tre<> nanind tht! Ko Itoivui, oi!li>bniI«d in 
]x)em in the ' Book of Ijeinater ' bb ' noblest 
tr«i'-*, thp b'»>'7' of I*in»tftr,' somr of the w 
was presented to Gohban by St. ALolaiM^, and 
Gobbsn woA oD^n^od to make an oratory OBt 
ofit. The tirst chip wluBhUobbftacutatrudc 
Dairc^ll in tbo eye, and a paange in the 
Brchou laws impli(.« that tho injniT waa in- 
ti-iil.i'iiinl. (iiibbaii'H wif>* urtfeil him to da* 
roand as payment fnr the work as much rye 
as tliii (:)r4ili>ry wonbl conlnia. DairceU aa- 
si>nt/-d ; bur hcinj? uiinbl« to pet ryo »noiuli 
filled it instead with nuis luid appicp, whichha 
madctonppcarliktiryc. but which chaaoed to 
worm» wht-n (iobban look thi-ui home. Tliam 
is aUo a nienlioii of his liavin;,' coiistructad 
a building for Ht. Abban, who died in tha 
Ht'venth ceuiurj'. Gobbiin is said to have 
b*?en Wind at the lime, and to have rrarived a 
temporary gift of liis sight from Abban until 
thcconiplt-tionof thl^\vrt^k. The m-ich-Miasti 
who employed (iobban L-omplainod ihath 
cliargra wer(> ti>o high, nnd it wan generall 
belit^vpd that hi^ hlindncstt was a viaitatii 
due lo their anger. Among the buildiag» 
traditionally ascribed to liirn are Iba tower 
of jVntnm, the tower and church of ECU- 
macdiiagb, and, aeeftrdiiig to Dr. I'etrie, tbit 
tower andchurch of (Hi-nJalougb. Hia work 
was coiilined chielly to tbo north and eajtl of 
Ireland, undlhi^rc 1.-4 iiu tnidilLDU Ihui bcRVar 
vi»ilHyrwa8eiiip!o>^d»">ut.h-wMtofGalway 
orTippfmry. In the north-ejistof Antrim i 
ihupariabof Ramortuisabuildittgdescribedo 
th(! onl miner nini)fl«'tfi)hbin'.'*llrir'sCaBtle 
Thefirat twoworafl.aflltiBhopKeeviwobaervi 
are evidently a oirrtLptioii of Clobbnn ^iaer* 
but the term oasile is a complete perrerflion. 
The cave near, also coiuiecCed wilti turn, haa 
a Ini'gi- crrws cnrvr-d on the roof atonea ov< 
the entrance of the aute'cEiaaiber. It 
Latin cross, formed by double iuciaed 



jua 
ntU 1 

m 






Godbolt 



»j 



Goddam 



csrred mi ft Mndstcoe slab— mr reevj«r, 
snd extremely well execnud. iVefc u ajao 
ft smftUer crom with eqoftl trms. 

Hie tnditiana nspeetbic him ftll i^r 10 
the aereatli cestorr, whoi Iw most kftT« IrmL 
lie emplojed woninaB, sad ended dim* cr 
fortnwes, chnidieft, cxfttohee. ukd towen. tbfr 
existing bnildiii^ amibated to hiia givi^ 
evidence of his skilL Aceordinz to iw tr«- 
diticH) of the neighbonihood be'ww baricd 
ftt I>eii7nftTlftn,p«nshof Gnv$towB.faftnnj 
of Sliereudftgh, coiuut of Tif^nir. 

[FMne't Bomxl Tovro tt iR^sai. pp. U3. 
S83, <01, 403 i Brdton Lftn. iiL 23« ft. ; Bau* 
Moiling, Bnuseb. 48 «~SI « : Bmtc*'* Ecom. 
Antiq. p. 285 ; Codex S*IiuBticcBMN -pp. 4$S. 
633; 0'CuTj's]Eaiinenu)dCBStcifBs.iii.4».4<- 
AuiftUof the Poor Xutai.L 4<H *. : GcwUicft. 
p. 177 : Bode at Leiuter (EKsmlle), p. 1«9. V. 
41.] T, O. 

OODBOLi; JOHN (d. IWSVindf*- *»* 
of ft &inilj settled at Toddinftoii. &aff>lk. 
He was ftdmitted • member of Banurd*! Ian 
on 2 Msy, and of Gnv's Ins 16 Not^ 1^01. 
ftnd waa called to the' bar W the Utter ins 
in 1611, and was leader there in the atcamn 
of 1627. He soon obtained a good pnetice. 
and is freqaentlj mentioned in Croke't re- 
porta. In 1638 he became a aajemnt^ and 
waa promoted to the bench of the cfmrnoa 
pleas t»y vote of both boase« of pa Hi t mw ii 
on 90 Ajffil 1&17, and wa» aUo in the eom- 
miawm to bear chancerr causes. He died at 
his house in High Holbom on 3 .\Dg. 1^4^. 
ATolnmeofieportA of cases in the reirasof 
Elizabeth, James I, and Charles I tensed by 
him was pablished in l6o^ 

[Fom's lives at the Jadgts: Whitclocb'a 
Memorials, fotio ed. p. 245 ; Parliamentarr Jtwr- 
nals ; Bsraaid's Inn Book ; Ihigdsle'i Orieinr*, 
p. 1M.J J. A.*H. 

OODBT, JAMESi jr. 1790-1815\Etipple- 
etignTer, worked in London. His earliest 
h n u wo engraving is a portrait of Edward 
Simpe, &rrier to George m, engraved in 
1791, after a portrait by Whitby. He eo- 
grSTed two laige platee after H. Singleton, 
W p r f « p p*'" g * Adam bearing the Woonded 
Body of Abel ' and ' The Dt^artitre of Cain,' 
pubushed in 1799and 1800 respeetiTely. In 
1810 he engraved a fuU-Jength portrait of 
'Edwaid Wyatt, Esq.," after Sir Thomas 
Lawrence. Godbv was then residing at 
25 Norfolk Street, near the Middlesex Hos- 
pitaL Later in life he engraved several plates 
after Friedrich Rehberg, including portraits 
of Madftme de Stael and Sir John Hencbel. 
and a fancy gronp entitled ' Baccbus's and 
Oopid's Vintage.* He also engraved plates 



fse^fUsaxj Maruane'saf'T^ Far 
Ans -zit ^bt E^b^ ^t::u«:C H« emcrami 



Hie :£ Eiuri^ 

K5, IS*: ; ." 






GODDAM ^ WOODHAH. AX'AX 

« d. 13S^ . Frassi^a. was km ^!'Wl?3f a» 
^m1 -li TSrt -J^TiMiru. KtuxTT. ami K^naaei 
(.kcJSaa'f ^wrc^ jLiAfSusapcea'jf P«ar 
linir*ffi as 'I' lJ.ri . wittr* h* war ^uuua- 
aiUy a Barbs' :£ TAe FmKsiaa. O-U- ra ac 
H» Ks&s laatf (fea±aK mnic bivy ended 
in \iit £;<: yeaa :i tw tts-utac^ ueaLm.}. 
whfc ^ "■tfiTT'W -> IH^ia. azii O^aias. 
w^ bn inif a ^^e&ar :i flijmin. rvacrwd za 
tk i^;u:c5eal wAit <tf Waj^er Caestm 
'q. r.\ ibt m^-x-Ttt di S iPwA. \r. may W 
ea:£i$3cjy ecn^MiE^rtd i^ai Oodaaa ^ ws^ 
ibe Frsacitcai cikv-'^ <^ iha: crry. ask£ =: 
is f^ppiae^ lio.': bt RKXt ^iK ^ lis 1^ 

the?%. lii:':i2^ *2(t ;%:j^?<::a£>b aA^ ~ty J':£A 

yixvx \'j lit :«saataM» =1 iah- sJr't paiaee 
in LiG^io s^j;»u '.ias kii »l:iJ!as w>3« 
ftr a •-—■*■ f^:|M7y*^ bv uie ercr;. H* is 
Mid bv Y-'A *•:■ hkv? lirid ia 13^. aad t>» 
baT-> bwc bc:^Hi al • Bairw^r.' bear Betv. 

His ocJy p'sbiliiU'i w:?k is a c.ai^rixaaiT 
■S:^er IV" iTsiTDS St^wxlianm.' pe^rMd at 
I^rts in loli- azd er-mj-^j w \-fi Vxt*^ 
An ««H>T«i:^iofi. ?::<«: by .ScttraLt* u yrbs'^ 
byH-ettrrS^.epuzas^ l-S'O.U vx n>^^TKOttl 
by Pass«?: aod 'be hvjk in <}3*«[>'ja is pRf- 
bably ;h? C):itE3Hc:a:y '.e :iit tr^ iryJk nt 
ihfr -^^irtieBi.' wiiici wa# pu^^litipwl by 
St«phaa:i$ In ihAX y<ar. aci is tb^ wjHi rjf 
the Sconish ijaor of th.» SorVjcse, Jobs 
Major, -wiy, *di-.«d '^addkai's bv/a in l-^lj. 
Bat the !art«- wo?k :tKX thrKifh pvUisiNdJ 
onder Ooddam's name, is av/w^rLy iwt the 
actual coeonMsTary wlich L« wTrjt«, bnt an 
ahridzment rA ;t iEa.-ie bv f l>4kdHk van '.ma, 
a divii>e who '.aogt.: at Vimuia is tLr^ latter 
part of the i'xur.tirx'.b irtn'.iTj aad dw*] ia 
1397 tir*: eonceminz him Sff.Httcn, Otf 
tekieittt 4er H'intrr f'mifrnlat. i, 402-7, 
l^j I. The eomm^^tary eoiovH a T*-y high 
i^potation. and J^ibn Major, lU tr^tu/r, in us 
wort • De 'jest L* Scr-jt'imni ' (Hut. Maj. Brit. 
p. 1». ed, Edinborgfa. 1740i, jadg>^ xUi 
aath<irtol»?'vir m'yi**ta«.»ed aon inferifyris 
doctriue aa*. iii^>>:n:i (juam ^ickam.' '/rher 
woHis aA^LgiMd \o bim \sy Ba!* art: a /yyoi- 
m^ntary on th^ cxtAuXt^ tminiifnifA alv> 
by Leusd. C'jU*rtan*a, iii. .>»>, 'P-**»;IU 
in Eoc!e*ia.cr ic um.' 'I>: i'>r<> yfra.'trTA\ri/r 
firaTnim.' • Contra Ilii^ardum W *»t.fcr****r ' ^a 
yooDg^r (T,n;*-mporary diviin^, pfj^Ably «f. 
Cambpridz*- 1. -Sentfrntia; (>z'>ni^:tUEi* '>A/;iii(,' 



Goddard 



a4 



Goddard 



and'DelernutuliooBaXI.' To Lh«w SbamlMi 
nddn m ' Collstio ' uid ' PostUU de Sacmuiento 
Eueluhttite.' 

A coufueion between Goddam and • Adam 
Aiigliciu,* wliu wruu- tt)i:aiust xhe doctriiiv 

caasnd in (his Uticr nrticlo, nufm. AnoUiiur 
idjifiitiliciilictii witli ' Adnin Hibvmictui' pro* 
|>owd by Ware Uu!kci evid«^nce orjirobalnliiy. 

The name ' Uoddam ' is that ollVrm] by the 
jtrinU'd edition of hia comrnvntarr on ihn 
' Stnlcocee,' but it is a mauifeat 'clawical' 
■duplation of Wodvliam or Wooclhum, de- 
riml from oue of ibe Ore place* of tbat uaun* 
ini^igland. ]'iLs'*iiiiz|[eatiantLnt tli«Wod4r- 
ban m quMiiou i» id tiiiiiiiMdiini ni«u evi- 
deiiUy upon a roijitake. 

[Jubu Mnior's VjLi, pnllxad to Ooddam'a 
cotnuMtary 8iip*r i^t^iiUai : Lelaad't Comm. 
do ScriptL Bnt. pp. ^69, 377 ; Bftle'a ScHpti. 
Bfit. Caul.T. B8, p ■i-17 0-1. xii. 19, pt. i.^it); 
Wan, D« Scripioributi UiUrni*. p. M (1639); 
PilB. D» AugL SeripU. p. 402; Wwdditie" 
ScriptL 0. M- p. 1, ed. Rome. ISOS; Wharton'a 
App. to Ci^raa Hint. Liter. 30 f., od. 1743i 
Qa«lif and Kcl.Anl'H Srriplt. 0. 1'. i. 7S0 A, I>ari«. 
J719; Tannrro HihI. Brit. p. 32B ; SUnlea's 
Sappl. IQ Wadiliiig'a ScriplU 0. M. 2 f.1 

II. L. P. 

GODDARD, a^X>I[(lI■: KdUVKKIE 
(I8il2-16tit)), bnimal ]Mtinti>r, waa brim at 
:jaliiiburj-, 'JH l>tic. li<^i'. At ten his dravr- 
ings w«n) in drmaiul a« tbr^ prodiirtions of 
joutbful gctiiuii, yet lie received no anUtic 
Iraininfi, and it wa*in thefaeeof ruach opjw- 
aition th&t he ndoplod art &» m profcMiuti. 
IJe Cttuv lo J.i'udoii iu IH-W, nud «petit up- 
wards of two rears in makinf^ sliidioe of 
uiuiuil]ifuiDllit.-i^t>ulogtculUuLrdi;uif. During 
lltia time lie aupporlt^ tiiui!^rlf mninLy by 
drawiiuonwooaBportiuifeubji-utdfurTunctr 
aud otbiT illimtratnd ]i«HiNLiiuiU. He then 
returned to HaliBbiiry, wben; hi( r(>cfivfd 
many commiKsian*, but lindtn^ hi» ^pliorticf 
work too limil^it, h« iit-tl1''d in Ijontlon in 
1867. He becan to exbibit at the iCoyid 
Acadirmy in lt<5l), ncnttinx a pAintinjjf of 
*Uuiiter)>.' To lbi< tnJ other work* buc- 
ceaded 'Tbe UibuaU' in \tilHi; ' Home to 
die: ail an«ru()on fox with tbi; CuMwoIds,' 
in 180B; 'Tin* ri>urtuuuftit,' btit Bret work 
of nolo, in 187U: and *8ale of New Fon<st 
Fmiw ut LyiidbuTEt' in 19T:J. Iu IH7& 
be exbibitul u InrfCd picliir>', fiinrtoeu foet 
long, rpprt'sfnling ■ lyord Wolvurton'it Blood- 
)ii><indi>, w!ii<-b WBB liigtilv jintiiM^d in Wbvte- 
MelvUle'H ' Riding Kitwdleclions.' This was 
followi>d in 18741 liv ' Coll-liuntin^ iu Mir 
New ForcM;' in 1«77 by "Tli*^ Knllof Man,' 
from Milton's 'Paradise L&st," and in IwTtI 
by 'The .Slrii(?gU- ftir Kxislcno-,' iifw in thp 





Walker Fine An (Jallfrry in Lirprwol. 
]881bvaenttatheRoTalAr«demy*RMCiied7 
in \9if3 'LuTd aad \Var: in the Abbolabunr 
SvantieiT,' mid !n 18^lrt 'Cowvd!' fJoddara 
WHS a lover of all titdd aporta, and at hoiw 

Sitally in tlie corprl and ihe bunting-fiahl. 
D died at biA raiidence at Rtyxik Uresn. 
Hamm^mnith, London, on ti Uarcb 1866, 
afUir a vury short iltnr--«. from a chill eaugkt 
duHnff a visit lo his dyiii|j fathiT, whom bo 
snrrivn) only t^ a few boon. 

(Timr*. IS and 2»UHrchl»8e: Aft Jonraal. 
lliMi. |>. 1.)>|; licjai AcmAcntj Ksluhitii:<nCii.ta- 
logne., 1956-86,] R, H. G, 

GODDARD, JOHN (^. KU6-I671), 
f^ver, one of the earlit^t EoglUb boctb' 
la kiiiiwn iur a fvw portraiin awl book ill 
trationii of no grent proSriency. Hn 
^red a portrait of Martin Jiillincsle^, t 
writing maul er, in l&M, Dr. Ha»twicK,tindoDi 
of Dr. Alexander Kosa, chaplain loChorle* I. 
in l<t64, M frontiitpiwri* to ltv«w'«C(intinuati< 
of Rali'iffb'.s ' Hifllnry of (be World.' He 
graved toe titWpa^a to W. Austin's t 
TatioD of CiMro's truatiiie, Tato Max 
published in 1*571. For J*'uller» ' I'i 
aig^ht of Paleatinc,' published lu 1K45, (i 
dard un^rravud tfau thwi t<f anm>nul bcari 
«l (he bt^^imioKT an<l nome of tlin mapN, iu- 
rludin}^ It gmuad pliLii of the Temple of 
Solomon. A fim* ollii-r plnli« bv him 
known, including a rare aiil of ' The 
DeadW ?ins' in the Print Itoom at 
Brittftli MuMtim. 

[Stniifi. Diet, of RngraTDTi; Doddn MS. H 
t'lirv «f Kii|{t>''h Engraven (BriL Mum. A<ldi| 
MS. 53HH).l L.C. 

GODDARD,JONAT1IA>',M.D.( 16171 

107&)r HnislLuiii profi-MiUr uf physie, aoa 
HtTury Goddard, Bbinbiiilder, of Ueptfa 
wsBboni at l-trL*L>nwidi about 1017. In 1632, 
at the Nf{i- of lillKm, hf i:!nlen4d at Magdalin 
Hall, Oxford, wUen< he n^tnained tmea or 
four yearn, IcAvinfi willunit n dejfree. An- 
thony j'l \\'ond, who woA at Sferton CoU^pn 
when (.ioddard was warilen, nitb tbat 
leavinfr Oxford hfl 'wiMit. nil I prtvume. h 
yondtlie eeue,' which later biograplient Iw 
chanir^-d into the delinile statement that he 
»tudieH tnodicine abroad. Tn l(S:t.S bceradii- 
aled M,U. »t C'aoihridce iChnm's Cw 
end in ItM.^ M.D.irathannc ILill) 
Le hud humid liiiUKi-lfio ubierve tho 
rbe C'^llejte of PhyMciaiiB i» hia l>nidi 
lieu, in l&l^ Lv joined the college 
]li4li Wft-H iiioile ft fellow. \1. thai lime he 
had lod^'itig!) in Wood Street, where Wilki 
Knt, ( iliuKin, Wnllix, iind otliers u»ed 
meet to dinciiaA the new philainphy. Ou 



^ 




Goddard 



*s 



Goddard 



tv tbc f«UtfW>lup of ibe UoUe^' of 
in NuveiabeT IU4<t, bv wba mp- 
Ito iwid tbc uutomy lfclun<» U-fore 
■ eolbf{e OB 4 M«fi;)i of (be eoauiiig VMir' 
Li'OnlKaaUn iM^iunr in 1dl8,' Ml'nk). 
FTUw* WtuTM) werw tlw iH^iiiiii^ of hi* 
|Mtblic rruutoliou; from ibr ftccount in ihe 
'Uiosnpusk BnUmnicK' ihvy wi>ultl ik|>- 
Ltamr to )t»iv bwn liu^cfly liJrKiluKicAi, ur 
' uUMnlin of ilut wiedoa and gm^^^a of 
(ied m th* lAructurp of tlip hitmnn fniini'. 
AtnKt thi* tiue hf rame iindoTthn not ire ol' 
Cnmwoll. ' witb wliom be n-fnt aj^ Lin p^t»l 

IffonAdMU 'i Wmid) (Ml th« Imh ntm|«i^ of 
lOiVMid ll)f Scuicb i-ninpiiii.Ti of 1(V>I>-1, 
turn piUic ruik bctnft physician in cbicf to 
tlw uny of thv pArliUDvot. l.)ii hit retam 
to hamaoa wiili the lord treoenl «ft«r Wor- 
CMUr(Srpl«mbn- 1651 t,bt> wu nude bytJie 
mrtia—ol vArdnn uf Mttrlun follegv, Ox- 
SUnl, DO the ireifrnatioD nf Sir Niitbatii<>l 
(Bnmt. In ltVh*t III' wMf Kmongtlu- UOfutn- 
nofMnJ br tb<> Innl p>ni>ral lo conatitntA lite 
XJrilf pNiTli*nifoi, Hiid WM cboaesa n«nib«r 
vi tb« raunril of mm« (om- of the new fif- 
In-n btlloted for on 1 Not. |r)A3). In the 
]«rl<ununt of ltW>J be waftn'plBOed <ajireprv 
meauaxm of Oxford rtuvrrtiiiyi by tb« licv. 
Ur. Owen. Tbe aainw jrar he w»» naiued by 
lb* [*ntlHnnr onn uf h b>»rd of five to dis- 
ctUtfg* biadutiMi MccbkncL-ltorof lltvuniitir- 
titf. In KoTrmlwr lt>>Vi h<- ivii> ii|i|>iiinlnl 
f r n fa ior of ahyiiic «i Clr«ibmni CollHgu; for 
tlut, also, ho mar bHv» bem indeUod to 
rnnnwiJl, wbn io known to bsve inierpowd 
^v in tha rlH»rp of ibi' (ipomelrr (imrexfor h\ ■ 
H Irttcruft^Mny lA-'rTx J^tin'tanil Sf<r^hr*,'iii. 
■ IWl. H* p-'iiliniiwi t'^ Wuardenuf Mt-rton 
P <A»il probttblynwiil<_'<l nt Oxford) until b Jolv 
1000^ wb«m Clurte* II. ifmonuii: Ui>dd»nl» 
nia* jTMn* tenure, tppointed bia cbapUio 
Rv^mUt to fill the Tu:uicy cn'stird by tb« 
lauBAtMW of Bfrnt in Itiol. (i<»<!ilud now 
waC up hii nsdmee peminently ai (Ircft- 
han 0»U«||«, wbtTf b« ramainvid nnttl his 
deail "" plaiiiut ihp years wben iliiicol- 

li|r<' "p <■? busin'-BK uurpo>«« owin^ 

to tL. -i. . i 1 .-■ 1 lon <if lb.- IU\ nl Kxcbanft- tnd 
ntkn buililinuv by the ^ri^at firei. Iliii r^ 
tim to tirv»ham Collrgv in lOUO eoincidt* 
withtlM Ibmaiion nf tbo loaUj iban wliieb, 
in Itti^ reccivMl a dmrter n imwryoration 
•■ tki Ko^-al 8(M;i4>ty. Uoddard naed lui 
labontory to uikIim iiiimi'Tuu* rs|wnn>rata for 
tka aoeietj ('wbtrn uny enrioiiB rapfriment 
WMi/i b> dime, \\}vj made him tbeir dntdp! 

rtiUUwj coald obliun in tlu- hotlom nf it.' 
'WMB);varimueamiBuiuc*iioiufayhim,fmiB 
IMOoowMrda, ikr*-mt«mlin itarafn^f ■ He 
W bubmI oar (if ihe tint munrij in ibtt 
chattoriif I'lUS. H» »•»! kt* laUMi(of7 alw 



j fur tlie coupoundiog of his own aicaoi, or 
Becret rpinedies. Tlicrhief nf theMWia'Qod* 
I dard'fl dmps,' or 'f{iilta> Anglicaue,' a |ir»* 
piimtkin of flpirit of tiaruhom (ammoDia) 
with a few irrelevaucii-s added, such as sliuU 
of a pvraon hau«id, dried vipvr, und tb« liktt 
( //wy, SrU,'\ TbedropM were a»cd in faint- 
iiigs, tipnpIexK*, ]«lb«rKiea, or otbvr auddica 
ntid alanning cin>i-t«. Sydenham prefemd 
\\ivta to othvr volatilu ^piritii; bat to rsfer- 
riug to them in Itilh, after (JtMldnrdV dnkl-b, 
bu eaye I hat tbo mi'diciui! known by tJi« 
iuiui« of Ifr. (ioddnrd'A dnijui iii pn>]WT«d by 
Dr. fiuoduU, a ni(»t leameu and expert nan 
(f>^. MM., prpf. to drd i>d.) Ooddard «a» 
currenllrbi-liered tohavecooununieatMi tb« 
Hctvt of the dropa to Charlea II Cor a cod> 
KideratMin of 5,000/. (Wadd nys H,UXI/., 
but dow not nauie ibu purobaavr, Jfnru., 
M*Lriwui, 4r.. p. loU). l>r. Martin Xii«t<.-J' 
eayK tbat ibe kiujj ahowud him tbv ruceipl, 
and tluit tliv dro|ia wer* uotbiug inora tban 
tbii Tolatik- Kpiril of raw silh rectified witb 
oil (if ciiiiuunun, and no b«-tterlbaD urdioory 
Bptrit of liartaborn and Bal ammoniac. Thia 
tnffic in arr4inii wm not tboBgbt improper at 
lliat period; (ioddard wai a ocnaor of tb« 
Collie of Pbyaiciaas for aome yean down 
to \iu'2, and, aa sucb, a alickler for pro(e»* 
ftional etiquette- hoatf ef^cr bt8 di-ath a 
rollectiou of ' arcana OoJdanliaua ' (said by 
\\'ood lo hart be^Q written ont by (Joddaro) 
waa pubtiBbed aa an aj^ieadui to tbe aeeeao 
edition of ISat«'a ' Phaniiacotuei* * (1601). 
His communicationa lo tbe Rmral Soeiaij 
nunibi^'d «l b-Jixt fourtsCTi. Two of ihao) 
wiTf publinbr^ aft^r bis dnath in tbn ' Phtlo- 
•opbi<:al Tran«u4iooe' ('UbNTTationa OO a 
Camelron,' xti. 030. and ' ExperioMBta of 
ItefininR (kild witb Antimouy,' xii. 963). 
AnothCT is rtModuc«d from tbe maauacript 
■rcbivm in .SpmiV ' Hiatory of tba Uoyal 
Soct^y' (|t'it>7) aj a strtking itutatuw of tba 
uliliiy of that body's lnbaun>; it iaapropoaat 
to makr It inv frum tbt- « ilia's r-wn>iv and inci- 
dentally to ^ve B lillin Id llie Unguiabioff 
prrMpcrity nl tiic ]{n<i>ii pUnlatioiu in fiu> 
!uuio<-«. To iliiutrmti' th<> nurreU of Acianco 
in Bnotber direction, Spmt prinU fraiB tbc 
arcbives anotlurr pa|wr by tioddard on a 
pebble calied ' oculiu mundi/wbicb. being o^ 
dioarily opM|Ue, beeoutra t ratiil iM-vut in wat at. 
ErWyn (fate ■plan in hi^ 'Siha' to a \m)fft 
of ((oddanra'onibetraiurvandairailitr iwrta 
of ibe body uf a tnw ; ' ami Wallit rmriiad 
•till anotbrrfrom \\w |{oyaI Hocmy'a arcbivaa 
i* l-Ixprrinicmta of Wri)(bin(rOIaaa Cmm* with 
ibt- Cylinder! nf QuicktiU^r in ihcoi') by 
pnnlini; it in bu ' Sfrrhani<-m.' Kigbt iilhitr 
cmnitiiiirationa bave not brrn puhliahM; 
tbt7 inclnd" an rnnnwralion of tea tbiaga 




Goddarci 



s6 



Goddarci 



■wfamrbjr • iUlfi egg may be Imown firom n 
freali one, Hud a demonstriit.ion thiit fimuBcle 
loses in Toliima when it contitkcfs. ReKides 
tlm wiitiiius vuiuuented, be published two 
MM^ ' DiiicAUKe conccrniD); Pby»ick,' 
Laniluo, 1668, und ' Diocuurw.' «ii tht* Uu- 
liH]>[iy (?(inilitit>ii of the I'ractict* of Phjaick,' 
Londnn, 1670 ; both htv din.'ctvd uguiiut tlw 
pn>t^nsmn« nf llii.i nuiii.ltt<nirT cliis-t, and one 
of tliem reconmiejida that, jiftysicione should 
compound their own prescTipliijii*. Antbimy 
i Wiiod obMTvefl: ' He i.* fwui to liave written 
of t)ii^ matter more warily iind with gTeBl«r 
prudencctbuti C'hrMt. MiTn-t.' BwideAthede 
writings, he i» atalvd ( by Wood) to have left 
two quarto votuiuiM of manuAcnpt rciidy for 
the prose, c^(Jutaiuiu|; It'ctun-s rend in Sur- 
gtiont' Hall and oilier itiattcm. S«th Ward, 
Afterwords biftliup of Raliabury, who knRW 
him wbi!n wardun of Murt'jii, in dt'dicuting nii 
«»tniiii)mi<-jil iHy>k to kim, tttkm occasion to 
credit him with many accomplisLuiuiits und 
virtui-o.nttd with hiiving Ihvji tb« Hrat Kng- 
li^htnnii tomAko telf^cop^'?. Ho died in a Bt 
of apoplexy at the compr of Wimd StrBct aL 
idovL^nofthceveningofSl March 1674-fi, on 
tiii way home from a club of virtuosi who 
were wont to iiiLf t at tho Crown in Blofinid- 
bury. Ilv w burit'd iu tUu middle of the 
chuncel of firoai St, ili^lcn's Church. 

fWund'flAthwittOion.iii. 102* ; Ward'eLivM 
of tlic Oraiham Fn.Tfuiisur», p. 2T0 ; Di'U;. ItriL ; 
Spn.i\ Hist, of R(jy«l Socioty; Wold's Ilisu 
of Eoyal Society.] C. C. 

GODDARD, TU(_>MA3(rf. I-83),Iudi»n 
ffewral, hnm prohabJy not laler thttn 1740, 
IS eaid by JuiTt^riua (Memoir e/ the Goddarrh 
of Siirtk Will*) Id bjiv« Im'Cii nf thi- family 
of thut namB at Harthnin i'urk ia Willnlure, 
and ifrand»un of Tlimniw (loddnrd, b cuiion 
of Windsor. In 17'tl) hh b'M-amti a lieutenant 
in the 6'lth r^iCDent of infantry, then raised 
for »LTTicr in India, M. the ri-<jii»i8t of the 
court of diKClort) of the Kasl India Com- 
pany, and placod uudur the romisitLDd of fjicu- 
tenanl-colond Cuolu [i'l-c Cooir, Sin Kvilb, 
172ft- 17831 Tliia t«i^imerit arrivt-d at M«dra-i 
on 37 Oct, 17&9, Thouph di^tiiK'd for fiyu- 
gal it wai< (Intuined for Ktrvii'*' in llm Mndrnx 
presidency, and took a tirini'ipal part, in tho 
compai^ against ihu r'rL'neti which andctL 
with thi-mirrrndiTof Pmidiidn'iTv on IC Jdn. 
I76L In thf same year (ioddard accom- 
panivd thu &4lh to TV-ni;al, and toiik pnrt in 
the campaign of 175^, nl the end of which 
the regime fit was disbanded, penni«sion bein); 
givMi to the »tfici>ni and men Xr> ont<T tht; 
company's service. Ooddard took ndvanlaeii 
of this permiMion, and wtnt in as raptain in 
Uctober 1703. Early ta llw Cillowmg year 



LDd 



he raised at Moonhedabad a batt&lioa 
sepoys, called aubwuiuently the 1st battalio 
7ta regimmt Bengal native infantir, whii^" 
was louff known as (ioddard's battalion, Ke- 
fore Qoadard'a battalion conld bo armed it 
was ordored, in April 170J, to join tbe fore* 
marching to cf^uell the mutiny at Fatna, and 
in tht.' folluwmj; year it was aent, togetlite. 
with aiiuthf^r nalivo luitlalion, to .MiiiigliyfJ 
In May 17(X) Goddard waa promoted to tl 
nink of major, and in Sf'pLnmber 17it.S to thi 
of liiiiitenant-coioni*!. He took pan with hial 
battalion in I77Uat the capture of Burr«r«ab, 
and WM employed in IJ('2 in expelling the 
Maliratta.1 (mm Itohtleund. In September 
1774 he Hucceoded to the cominana of thft 
troops staliuaed at Barhimpore iu llengal. 
Qodaard'fl extant correspondence with War- 
ren Hastings commi^nces at this period, and 
coutiuuL's until his di'parttm: frutu India. 
The governor-general pliieed the utmost COB- 
ftduUL-e in his ability and tact. Guddurdwa* 
in commiind of the tntopa nt Churiar (iwa 
January 1776 till the following June, wbea 
he wns appointfd chi>>f of lhi< rontingvnt 
statinned with th«> nawnb vi/ier of Onde at 

' W'h<*n the supreme conticil deti^rmined i^H 
1778 10 despatch a foree from Bengal W^ 
assist the Bombay armvagainst lh>- Malirsi- 
Ut», Uoddard wa^ appninled iMond in com- 
ituiiid uniii'r Colounl ljt'»lie. "Wiv rXjXidition 
Started from C^lpee in May, and was delayed 
by the rains in thein'igbbonrbooduf Cb«lt<ir- 
pore, the capital of Bnndelcnnd, from •1 July 
to \2 Oct. In that inlerral a dctaobment 
under ihv command of IJoddnnl lixik th» 
forlreiis of Mhow by stonn. The auprenu' 
council, dissatisfied with liesUe's conduct of 
the expedition, decided to enlnist tho chfef 
command to CJoddard, but I^eslie'a deaib 
aHured him thin promotion (SOet.) before 
the orders arrived. Uoddaru enorgrticaUy 
continued the march, and ou 1 Llec. reaehi^a 
the hiuiliBof the Xerbudda, where he awaited 
iiiKlritctioioi. He had wlrendy bmsn employed 
by the govemor-gcneral in a semi-iK)liUcal 
ciipnc'lty, and lie wa« now tnv^wted 
diplomolic powers to secure if poosit 
alliance with Mudiiji Ithonsla, the 
of Iterar. Th^ negotiations proved 
and on 16 Jan. 177Q he n^numod bis mi 
The conduct of the expedition incr e a s ed i 
difficulty. Thtt control, orif^inallj veMed ' 
the Bonibny authorities, hnd heen re«« 
by the supreme council, but Ooddard's coi 
waj* nereMiuily ■iifluenct'd by Ibeforti 
the Bombay army. For a long time 
left entirely withoul iufunnntiim fkim 
liiiVtaiidnt l-eiif^tb received twocontradiotc 
despatches, one adviRing his retreat and ' 



Goddard 



Goddard 



other aigin^ him to proceed. lothitdili^i^ 
be wuted at Barfaanpar, on the faeBb of iht 
Tspti, from SO Ju. to 6 Feb^ when, hrazng 
from other qnaiten of the defau at the Boa- 
\»j armj, he butened to Sant, iH mSia 
ftota Boihuipur umI 785 from Calpee, vher» 
he uriTed on 26 Feb. 

The Bombay council rnjiKAed GoUud'f 
Msictance et its deliberuioiu. Mad rtjcam 
mended him for the po«t of coamaader-in- 
chief on the next Tiancy. Shonlr ȣier- 
vuds he reoeired from the tapraae eatsacl 
vi Bengal full powers to negotiate a peace 
with the Hahratta gorenuBent <rf Poooah 
on the basis of the treaty of litd, and vhieb 
OTerrulsd the recent oonrentioD entend into 
by the Bombay council. SegodaiioBf -wisi 
on for some months, but theSIahiana goran- 
ment made impoanble demands tat the re> 
atoration of Salsette and the suiioMlef at 
Bagoba, who had escaped from the awtodri^ 
Seindia and taken refuge in Goddard*! camp^ 
Ooddaid recommeaced hoetilitiea in Jannair 
1780,and after some minor snceeases eaparcd 
Ahmedabad on 15 Feb. He then marched 
against Holkar and Seindia, and routed tk 
forces of the latter on 3 ApriL In Nom- 
ber of the same vear he attacked Raw»in. 
which surrendered oo II Dec. 

The war bad seTsrely taxed tJie iwocitM 
of the goremmeDt, and Goddard received 
instructions from Bengal to use cTerr meaiu 
of bringing the Mahrattas to terms. U« 
therefore determined to th^aten Pooaab 
its^ With this t^ject he marched from 
Biswiin in January 17&I, and took pocM*- 
sion of the Bhore Ghaut, which be held till 
April. His scheme was frustrated by the 
Hahiattas, who determined to bora Poooah 
and cut ofT a great portion of his soppliea. 
Qoddard retreated with great difficulty and 
losa. In Angust of the same year or««at«s 
on the part ofScindia led to a treaty on 1 SOct. 

Goddard was subeequeotlT promoted to 
the breret rank of a brindier-genermL and 
Tsmained in India until fsUing b^lih obligtd 
him to go home. He died on 7 July 17S3, 

n. astheshipreachedtbeLand'sEod. Uis 
y was embalmed, landed at Peodennis 
Castle, Falmouth, and buried at Eltham in 
Kent. 

[Brit. Uns. AddiL HSS. 29119. t9X%i-9t: 
Philippart's Eset India Register; Mill>. Omef. 
Tbomton's, and Wilka's Bistoriea of IdiJm; 
Broome'* Bengal Army ; Willianu's Bcnjtsl N*- 
tire Infuntry ; Dodweil and Xiln'i Eart India 
MUiUry Calendar.] £. J. B. 

GODDARD, mrXL\M Of- 161-''KMii- 
rist, probably be loo)^ to the Middle Temple. 
He bved at the beginning of the seventeenth 
century in Holland, where he seems to hare 



nmt W'i^IjuE •j'loatn. ' aneir t£ ?>ry«'e it 
I^iaL.' was '^ir.r>-.r%^^ a. ^ae sbok rt-y— «* 
as Oil-TZ- air: Lu i^amxy wxa. -^u a=3c 
awHtf icnic^il VWvanErff Tuaim» icf -^^y 

?KS«i aci^aiic wnmsi. ?^ Z^inim. Knaeoa. 

Likearr jrinrir ■ • i hlIt m* i£ iib t ni >■ ■ . 

■ta: -strrLtiti * A iurrzatZ. ZvLivcvt. ir a 
ejasLT* 37!):^^ ftmdscus 'kcvvss Aliss- 

ba:«r IxivyTAa. . . . Zjiqrrnafi 3l :3e l.rw 
taaxajtt J:r aZ airs. e^LJsvnmaa. as tm 
mx a^3C^CXi>r lu sir yn w%I i ctiuiy^ 
31>:n ? H'Ji r\ SimK I:i>4 le-ai *: rtifcr it 

sujresatif'LOiu z^jiT-.L-aiii -rn jrc ik: jwaci^h. 
»i^"Ti* M^yxiR iiflT^araiM. it»mb^ i-.r 

•arf <«HB-a0i. Jfi ms. _ 1*1 - Ix -jn zaaer 

wa^er H:i;im. tzt siqmt '.f ■>'>iimrft -A 
Xe^ise :f W^^^ la^i^lit J-.icui -.la sui d»- 
<OT»ff^ ix zzn Law ^L'-'*'^ C;>cx::r¥Ti y>ajft- 
a^ aa fw^kta i<:aT w v.att ^ '.ikt Tjiyaii 
bees. A: t»:r^ . . l^liJ A ii:=i wirt 
fro^ v^.£±. I*r. Bo» ;r3.~.» ^r^iiT^i .3. im 
edhio* :^ Wac*f * - Fas:; ' L -C^-r _ .a - A 
Mascf W»2}t. w=JL :r.^t^ nf-IkomS'.iic 

WLJdi :c:« a=>: ujx^ 1:: *j« ^t tm^ i-^ 

hu=.:ci"** taia,tai'*r» -.if -iit -ju*. . . Ijl- 

be* »-jd^ w*«f^ tiny i^-* v i* v.-iiri*-' fc-.. 
n-i Til* wat yi-cadrtg id>r 1-j-*?. J-.e 
Basrapf * ■ Ck,r^«.:u«r*." !-!«»•, it -an* ■.# ij* 
b>»kf f^tw^aHy ainifcuL A ^-oy ji .x ijit i>v&- 
le^an I_;ira;y. Biliij-.CT*;c.*r* iaiT* »t-.o^7- 
asRimed tii ■ D-^ fk*. ■:iit Axr..:;r>»a — 
the H[b-ts> '.tf ^ - Ha«'-f W ijii}'' — j» -j^ 
title rf ac>«*rt» 'j( Oviiar;'* »-.'_iafc>«. I,--. 
Fonirall prtxxi a K^ '^ya-^tr^t ■a^*** 
la»vs bx'ca. w.*.i. a r^w v^ — yi. ■ ».'■» -^^ 
them. b=i ii*y t*T* ftv: y*-, l«w- ^utrl. 

'W(»i"t F«*r: ''.'x.-^-.tiLli m :. *7< Cvliiws 
Biu. Ca!. 1. in : Bar.. g. * .^lAui'^xic ' 

GODDARD, WILLL4JI .?7.%.M,fcy 
D.D. . 17.!i7-l'!4-:; .. \.f»A-^sMffjfT '4 W^jw*- 
terC'.filcZ^.KA 'AJ'Ajl *i'xi/i*rL^ sw^rmaas, 
wat Ujtb ax JT'tfyuj 'a '4 'MS,. 1757. H* vm 
^DCat<ed at Wtiricu»A>?. £?«: ^^ « ^^JtAv. 
afterwards v a Ki/>lar •js.i*- I>r, "^v.-m, 
■ 177l-<;i. ati ti^rs ■w-^*. u « "B-jaLa."..!!.** v^ 
M^non .B..V d*sT»* 17-1. MA. IZ'Z. Uh 
171*.'; t. In 17r4 hr: »■« apjolsvrf i^nf *.•■ u* 
or «*WDd mi.^V:T '^ Wi-itiAjt^y. ^^ v-yj^xn. 
to hsT* d'«.*- wLtt b* "T/yjii •/, •r>vir«Ti.<- 'A*. 
lax diMripiin^ '/ l#r. WV—c^f;, -wij-r. •**.•.,■*>*; 
in tL*r £unrrv% - n^tr'-iy/a ''A \ 7<tt, 1 ■.r.ij w-..^^. 
Goddard'* hoaw was brrMCce is^v. .VtCmtv 



God den 



is 



God den 



SWUi,ivliowaB under Ooddanl,de>cnbed his 
Itfp at WinchMtM u ooe of minrry (I.Anr 

n()U.^irn, MmuHr^S^ihuy SmifAyi.ifMii 
ed.) ; but hi* eipent/nce Kenu to have been 
anoxccptionsl one (HootbecTid^ne^ collected 
by the IIot. II. C. Adams ■» ff'vkeianuca at 
p. 160). In 179B Goddard ituoceeded Dr. 
Wnrloo u boud-siiLKtcr, aud nttalavd thu 
kppoinlment until l^OO, when hi- relm-d. 
Ue vna ODD of tile best bead-mastere Wiit- 
Hif-MtMr liu aTitr had- Within tbrw yean lio 
had raised the numbera of thA acIiaoI Aom 
no to 144, and lu acltolanhip showed tmnie- 
diat« improrement. Among bi« piiptlj were 
Bisbope Lipecomke aud ShiutlfwonU. Lords 
Oranwonb and Evvnley, Sir Itobert Inglia. 
Auffuetm Hare, and IJr. Aniold, and ii tM 
probable that many of tfa« educational prin- 
cijilcs Tfhich Dr. Arnold is supposed tx> narc 
iii\cniwl, vapecialJy that of guvoniiug by re- 
tianeo on boys' aens» of honour, wt-re really 
doriTed by him from Uoddurd. He wiis au 
ablt*t«acher,afirnidiaci|>liitariaii, and the only 
nutbroak under bis ruk, thai uf 1S0@, was of a 
mild r,liftnicli'r(AnflD«1T« iUllK, MnmiriaJn 
of a Qyitt life, vol, i. di. iv.; Staslki, IJfe 
of Dr. Amoid, i. 2). 

A^or liiii rv-itignation of the hjiful-mnatep- 
abip Uoddard was made a prebendary of St. 
Paul'a in January l>(U, tind canon of 8alia- 
bnry in October 18^ ; lie wae also presented 
to the living of Bapton in Suaaex, and for 
aeTeral yoara held tnat of VSTiorwell, noar 
Andovar, in minvtmilam.. IIIh liutt- y»im 
were spent partly in l?adogan Place, Clielwa, 
London, partly at Andover, wlii?n.>, bosides 
humcmu* beiio factions, he reliuilt Figxcoti- 
Church.atlheoo«lorBame30,000/. ToWin- 
cbMt4vCoI1flg«]]«nn«ent(id S&,IXXIi.,tn pro- 
ridfi for the annual nalariee of I he niastitr». 
which had preTiously been charged In l.he 
aotxninta of th<> boys' parcnt«. In grat<ifiil 
memory of him a acholuabip of the value of 
26i. a year, and leaable for four years, was 
founded at Wincbae1«r in 1840. tioddiirdV 
)it«TaiT remains conaUt of a Latin ele^' cm 
Or. Wanon (Woot, Life vf Warton, J. l9Il 
and w>mi* an-inonx, one of whidi wan preached 
on th<> ocr^inn of \\>p cotiflp<^ntlion of hit) old 
KhiMilft'Ilow, Xh. liuwley, as biolicp of I^m- 
dtm (I61S). 

('WjkehasilM.'liy iheRcv. H. C. Adams, men* 
dOMd aboTc; 0«iil- Miur. ISiA, xxir. G12>4.1 

L. C S. 

OODDEN, i*n Tri-DBK. THOMAS, D.D. 

(163*-If«^), controversialist, son of Wil- 
tiam Tyldcn, prntli-man, of Dartford, K«nt., 
was bom at Addington in that count v in 
1624, and ednmt<-d n\. n private scliool £ept 
bv Mr. (till in Ilolborn. Mi- w« i^nifn'd as 



• oonmoner of Qtinsai's C<^Ieg«^ Otford, oa 
A Jnlv l63H,his tutor bein^nandall SaodeN 
eon, iellnw of thsf Mwiety. Kemovin^ to 
Cnmhridf^e, he was on ^ July l'$<1SI admitted 
A pcnjtionirr of St. John's College in that uni- 
versity. Htt wtu adiuiiu-d H« a lJilling»Wy 
scholar of St. John 'a on 4 Nov. I640, on tb 
rwouimcudalion of Jubii Williamc, bisfainiaf 
Liui^oln, aiid he graduatt-d II. .\. in Xml-'i. 
Durin); his residence at Cambridge he fi;<m«fl 
nn unjiiaintiiricrt with Julin Sereoaat fq. \,\ 
who became a convert tn catholirif«n,ana<vB> 
■verted (jodden. They both proceeded to tie 
Knglisli College at Lit^boo, where ihcy arriVMl 
on 4 Nov. 10J3. After eight months sMai 
in devotional exerei&M, they were on SO Juas 
L(t44 admitted alumni. In due oourw God* 
den was ordaiue<l priest, and ha lectnrcd 
on pbilosophy in the college from 16S0 till 
January IvC^S. After baring bMO lucorv- 
sively professor oftlienlogy.pnJect of MudtM, 
and vioo-prvsidoni. bu was on 30 Jtuie 165i 
appointed prvsideni of (he colte^, in auc- 
cwsion 10 J>r. Clayton. In Apnl 1G60 lie 
wa* created P.Tl. He bwamtf renowned fflv 
his eloquence att a preadier in the Portufuae 
lanfTUBjce. 

In Iwl h<^wlt«Appoint<^d chaplain and pT>^- 
Cfptor 10 the Princt;as Catharine of Bmgania, 
the destined contort of Charles II, and tin* 

?'ear following he necompemMl her to Enf^ 
and, and bad H[inr1in4-iitii tuuugued to litra la 
the palaee of Sumerset noiiao. In IftTI he 
was i.<nf{n£«d in n controv«rey with Stilling> 
fleet, upnn the nuoarinn wHftther nalvatina 
wits attainable Tiy convena from protest- 
anlium, ax wril tis hy pnnuinn brM in Iht 
catholic religion. In 11178 (ioddcn waa *0- 
cuned of eomplicity in the murder of Sir B^ 
munil B<'<TT Oodfmy [q.vj. His lodrings in 
Somerset House wtre searched, and ilia sei^ 
vnnt, Lawrence Hill, was executed as an ae- 
coiitpliee in the uriine i>o the IbIm; teaiimony 
of Miles I'fance. wlio ^wore that the corpse 
WAS concealed in (iodden'i< npurtraent. God* 
den eneaped to the eimlini-nt, and nttired to 
Paris. In the mi^ of .Iiunes TI he was r«- 
inxluljHl in Humeniet llnuiu', nliem he wss 
almoner to the queen dowager and rhaplflin 
as Fjefore, On W) Nov. I UW hi.' and I>r. Bona- 
ventiire fiitlard [q. v.] atl^-ndrti n conferentt 
held before the kmg and the Earl of Bo ' 
concerning the real presence, and de 
the c.aih<^ilir. dnetrine in oppr^irion 
William .lane, dean of Gloucester, and 
Simon Patrick, wlio appeared on ihe 
lestanl side (.MacadLAV, IlUt. vf Enffl 
ed. lt*6, ii. 149). He died in No* 
10^, wliilc thu iiatiuu was In iLo throes i 
Ihe revolution, iind wax buried ou 1 Dec 
ihevaulla under the royal chapel ini 



Godei a- 



^,1 ~ 



House I Li n&EL.t- Hirr. li- l- .* -■".•- 3" _-_- . .- _- .- :_ - ■ 
Affairi'.'i. irf'^ '. iM-ii'-.j'---.' Lr t l- -.i^ :--.-:---—-■;—•-. 

in leaminr lo ;J!* A-jLi:a^ -.':■ *.-i"-. :■-" "^^r :.■■: - ^i . ~.-' _- - -■. 

much tuperji-.r :■:■ t1-t^ ^ i-j —■:—=" ■— "~- j-.-_ '.-i.- ••_--^-_ 

liavioar. wfaioh z%.—-^i i.-= rr-Tt" i"^-— —-^- t _ t _■ -. — .-. - 

-T«n fronnh-*-: j:'-.i.T fci'-r-: Tiu-TT .t^--.- r- = t .. - ^- ---■--. _;_ 
//iW. iii. 470:. ■ ' _ -^ -i^-. -^ _ ;. --. - 

Hfe was •'JTi.T "-■:". ^ ■ ■. t':. i- : -i - _.- ^^r .^ : ■ .- -t-- .- .. — ; 

iftteiB; or A f ^11 lirr'.-L* : .-^ Ir *- . :j:- :l- Jrr— ~- --: :: - 

il-ei's Vnju.-: illirr- :: li.Li':- uJlj:,- 'i.- :^"- :— r: ■ ~ : '-.--r. .- 
Church of V^-^-r.' L. -I - '.-'. i^: .■'- :^:_--l :_ = :_--- ... 

■^vo. TbJJ wi* in ^^^.T - A I-.k- iitv: t' - :,- ■" - -l .- . ■ 

theIdoIatTTpra<:T:«'i ^--r T-".!-:! ci. -=^- ■ - .- . _. ~ - _- _■-.- 

lerLhyr-ri-inri— r - ■ .i. : .-' Z— -:jv t- : - -- _ _• : - . . 

luirr a^n.-: :h*Ci.^:i :* 3.:-=.- " '.-. i :. - _: ..-r l_ - _ " :- ■--_ 

iJisooTrrr vf :ii- Var.:-T : i_ : li-- T'-.-j: - :.- —;_■:. --: ", _ ■ ■-- 

. , . BTw«r''ifl"LiZ:c;- "•iT'Wr-r- £",:i c:- -- ^ t----- ?',_1_-: -_:_-_■ 

Coaf.->rnii?T-fc:;i CiTi^--^-'. t N -.-■■:. -=- ' -:_= ----„. ~.- 

irt." 3 Ms.. PaT-i*. IrT", :r=.: S-L-V^-- - -r L . -■ .-: -.-.-'- 

repliea wi'h ■ >rTT7-tl 0:^':>T!>- Tte"Trv- i _r!...-. .- -.; _-.^ - - 

Komiih Prl-ri". & fmi:.: ~-i-Cl.^ Lii i. ;■ -_-. _t : i._ -:;-—.- 

Kivin*^ rif th^Ci^r.i ::' Eii-L.-^;. I'r _— i .■ '.-.: . ■ . - 

3, A Trt«Ti«^ o^^ry-T^-^ "jT .-i"; . ":- i ■"-=- .' .'.- - "' . ..- 

jirwiDAOv, MisUj-rHp: ■ .Vr-'- •• / '.■•-■ ' rl--.— .-...: ;. : - r. 
/'awsuw. p. 3». 4.-A>:t:=. - -:~- :■--: -^.x- -~- - '-:- .- . 

|irwiche'i bif.r^ :!■* t/_— - !• ■r'^--r ■: £ i z- :._■■— ? -..■ r .: ■ 

:,''J Junel'J*^.' Li.:.::- l'--^ -•__ r---.-.---. - —-.- 7. - . 

in 'Caiholick >rr=:;:.T.' 17,1 . t.- ■;•: ..:- - :- l.-., •: ■= -.: .:, _. 

lion of this s^T=: : 3 fiT^ r.^*- i :■.--- ------ . >- ■ -;■• '..- t_ - ■ - 

i>n the que^ivas r.i St- F-'.-^t • t^^-^-,'^ ■.- ■ ■ '.._- _■ ^ - ■. -!■■-_ . 

Rome MDi Tt* I"^-!*:'* tzz^rr-^ii.- ' '- . -—. - " :-:" _. 7..- ~'' 
■"vrmonof thtNi'iTT-T ::' -._-l,.iri :'-- j-; •- —"--..-- . 

Iwfort the V-^~ I'TLT-r f ■> n.-r—s : -i" - ■»■-; ■ — .- - ¥ 

Houfe.* Iyxidj=. I'Jr'/. ^t: ~ ."■..- .■ :, 

r.idiit. MS. -557>. f :-"- Z-i---y--\ ■ -■ ->--'■ -■-- ■■ 

Johns IlLiyor,. ;. -S25 :_-: .^v. j£ic - :. *■- ■ ' — --.- " - - -• 

vi. o9; C>>k«'* P^^>:-.-:rI .K.-^ -■ i.:r. . ... ^_-^j- = -..---—■.. 

Dijdd* C«rua;ta . •-!.».-.■.- i ■—c : .'■^.— -' i. . ..- 

iill^w's Ei-:. I- -L : ='^ : \- ' : ..::•■ r --T-^^ . .'.:-:■: 

Popsrr TT5*rt*. pr . l^-'. '._* _:" *_■ i''- ■>-■' H - - - ■_■ ,i .- -, : ■. : 

483: Lnrrtil* lit --_ rit.i.-.- .- --.-■■: -.i. .-« _••" t.- ■ - ■'* ." i- . . 

.361; MsTor* Ai^^.:.* - — . 7 •-., ". -.,. - - -.^ . 

:.4S; ?•»».=:> M---;t* : :^.' Ti--- -:7,- . .■ - 

GODEL, WILLIAM / ::-; i- -L^ ?-;^ -- ; ■..''.■' - ' '. 

!* onlvknownfro— t'it L^.i-. -- ^ i_- ■■..-- ;, £. 

ouse. L'nder :i-r T^ir lii-' i-r »i'- ~: .• -.''" ."' 

:aetorie*.ent«*-:*=;>niff>'T: - tj-r i - . .- ■_ 

and br r»ce an EiirIi--:-:m:-" ?;.: f •■.- rt : >'LFii;" ■ .■" f . -i ■ ^ .- 

if the niana.s?r!;* > A:"...' •'-•.-.' .V - . -.:-■ — •. i : ■• ^ 

('?5t3.i«r.i::iiib->- L- i -:•-.- tisi l' -^ - - i / - ; .' ■ 

••lurtr^Ltb (^tlTir.'. -■a"..=v "^i" '.T !. - . ■ :.■.-.. '. ''•.•..:•• - — -- 

■A-£^ ^V'Jlia3Li;:i;^I. 4 —-.-; .f »■'■:;.-.-. t" ■.'-• v ■•:,-.-.,. » ■ .> 

[Jmv^vs. TL- wr^-iir. i._T^T-r. --I-- ;.!--- -■.- -,--•-.■; — . ■ 

riii! St. Sanl*'. n r ^i^- -lt * '—. - I. - v l i •_!,■ -- 7 ■■-,-■, -. . 

■noj*-*. Pr:'bii>.lj "-.» wi- t ' .--.-. l- . ■ ■ . r- .-,-..■.-- '.* ■ . - 1- - ,.- ,, ... 

•'imr xtaiT'rTT '.z ''--r i-XT— ::' r^-,-. .- - t- - ■ : .=, ■ : ^ ; , ■-,. 



- rf^ 



Godfrey 



30 



Godfrey 



hiiir l«t«r Thf^^dewin dii^, tad iiodfrpy be' 
came procuralor, s position whicli hv ttll*^ 
wilJi ability for iMsvcn TMr«. Hi? in wiid to 
liBTi!' obtAiocd from William I on inquiry 
into thn propHrlr of Iiib nbbey, and a eoit- 
finnation of it.* cui^loinc (AKgiia Sacra, i, 610, 
■nd MoKOftieon, r. 40U, -176, wlit^r« tlie Ao- 
ciment<i are riven). In lUHl William an- 
point<.>d hrin abb'jl of Maln)r(»))iiry, wherv he 
Btlitrtiol ibf? church, and laid tli^ioiindBtioiia 
of a libnirv; in Ihu latlur work hu wm aa- 
ai»li'«l by WiIIiaiTi of Mnlintwbuij, who d&> 
vribtT^ him oji a tDsn of eanrCcotu nanneTand 
tein|)erAti>Iifct whoso abbavj was sullied only 
byliHutrippiRff tlietreaAnTeBofih^manaatory 
to paTth>>tax imixiaed by William II un lh« 
occasion of the morfga^re of NomiAndr by 
Dnfae Kobert. (iodfrey must have died atiout 
1107| in which year Edulf liccamc abbot. 
Uespito hi! liti^ranr Tastf«, he cannot have 
besn tbv author of the chmnicle, which, ac- 
eotxlin); to Sir T. Hardy, ie almost entirely 
buedonfk'nlTn-yofM'iiiini^iith. Tanner nays 
thalit i»aothiugt!lAe thnn n&rl of thr^ annals 
of Alfrf-d of JJeverl('y<_/?. 11 43), and conji-c- 
tanm that thr nnme '(ioilfridus D« MaU'nw 
hurj'on tlie manuscript ielbm of au owrnr, 
not of the writer. PiTrhiip* Ihin in corrwrt ; 
in anycawl.bpchroniclTisndifrwentjiPrftnn 
fromthcabboi. lSapti6uFul)fosue,anIU]iaD 
writer of th« fift«;ntH ci»ntiirv, <-ite« amonp 
lliaatithoritiraGolfrudiiR AtiKliis lli»loricu3, 
who is iwrhniM our chrauirlpr. Tho diro- 
niclp, wbirh extends from th<; coming of thu 
Saxons lo llSil, i* nHTcIy « crompllaltou and 
wilhmit hiHioriatI vflliie. It. is quoted by 
Selden, ' Titles of Honour,* pt. ii. chap, v, 

[WiUiam <rf Ofalmrabiiry. Gwia Poniiflcuni, 
T. Aocta. 271-4; Mabillon, AnnalM BcDMliotint. 
rwl, V. ; Tftunrr. J). 339 ; Ii««Iy's Cut, of Brif. 
Hirt. i. 6C7.] C. L. K. 

GODFREY 0¥ WracuEsiKH id. 1107*. 
Latin popt, wiuia nnl.ivi-ot'Oiunbmi, and wkh 
sp[>oinl<'d prior of St . Swiihin'a, >\'incliL'ett'r, 
bv Uishop Walkelin in 1081 (Ann. Witt.) 
WiUiatn of Mulmixhury {fiMt. Hfg. v. 4-J-l, 
and 0>'''.i'«a(.ii.B77> Bays that lewasdis- 
tiuffuifthcd for his piety and lit^mry ability, 
which wac shown by iii» enisllw written In 
a pU-aajipt and familiar stjlf, bb also hy his 
epigrama; but tluiL.dB8pil« lii» store of leani- 
ing, be was a laan of i^at humility. 'I^lic 
■monaaTfrj' profiled by Oodfrey's liberality, 
vid under lus ruW it uccjuirvd il» bi),'h i>-putu- 
lion f<>r hospitality and piety. He was bed- 
ridden for many y«UB bcforo hts dcat h, which 
took place on 27 Pw- 1107 {Arm. iVint. and 
hif epitaph in Bodl. MS. Ti-Vi, f. S7 6, printed 
by Tonner). (iodfrey was the anthnr of » 
Lirpe numWr of cptfcranis, in whiHi h/> imi- 
tau>d Martial with some success; they are 



diTided by Pita into distteliaj^otrastichB,ft>-: 
the collection is entitled in Uodl. M8. Diffbr 
112, ■ Liber Prorerbiorum,' in Cott. MS. Vii. 
A.xii. 'De moribus et vita instil ucnda,' and 
no doubt is tfa« same as the ' IK> diversis Lo- 
minum moribus' giren b^ Pits. These two 
maiiuMnpt*alsoeoDtainiLU>crti.fn short povnu 
•IJe I'riniatum Aogliic Laudibus' {or 'KJa. 
eTammatalIi£toricm*).Bcforinsl«iic«o«Ciuit, 
Kdward the ConfiMor, and Qucvn Matilds. 
These epiprafflB and pof'msan^ prints in 'I^lia 
Haliriciil IV-tdofth.-Twi-lflh Centurr,' RoUl 
Sencs,ediiMl by Mr.T. WHght. In WK Vi^\f 
65 there are also sixteen other short piecn 
atcribo<l to Godfrey, and including an' Kpita- 

{tliium Petri Abelardi,' which of course ts not 
'yhim. ClearlytborehaabeonaonwronfuaiiB, 
and fvcD of the niaeteen ' Eptminmata Hts- 
torica' printed by Mr. Wngnt, t«n are alts 
nscribod to Serlo of Rayetix. In the aanu 
manuscript (l>iffbyG->) lh«r« isa'Carmoidl 
Nummo,' which is there ascribed to i\aiittj, 
and prohublv convctlv. thou|{h Twine (m 
r. *'.(,'. jW.V." !':«'.) clailiM^J it for Hildebort, 
bishop uf Mans. In Digby 112 three j 
pfifiRts, one !mginning * IW odioa& 
printed by Sir. Wright <ii. Ifil), 'V« 
historiis Veteria Testamenti,' and ' Versosi 
historia Romana,' ar« inscrtf-d botween tl 
'Liber Froverbioruin ' and ' Ei 
Ilistorica,' and the whole ends 'I 
bcllns Domini fiodfndi ;' they may there! 
lif hiMcornpiiKiti'ins. Pit nalno namiwiui T 
thnlamimn Peatje >rnriiB Virpinis,'and 
iirdlogue of such a |if>ein nscriln-d lo (lodfrer 
IS (riven by Twin« l;>fS. f". C. C. OxfdCd, 
'2T)&} ; but this is only the pnwe proloK^ie of 
the Kpttlialamiiitn in Pigoy So, which if 
probably by John Garland [q. v.] GodftrT's 
epistles seem to have jterished. 

[I'its. n, IfrZ; Tann»r, p 328; Anfflia 
wl. i.; jUatiJy's Cat, of Brit. Hist, ii. I( 
Wrights Prt&iff* to Justin Sntirical roeni*. an 
I.itcrRliirn and Sup<>r«lition nf l^ngl^u<l ; Wg 
Ion's HisL. of Enrlish Postr?. i. 240, ad. IS7ll 
Ilisrt, Lift, rtt la fianec, ix. J62-S.] C. L. K. 

GODFREY or GODFREY-HAKC 
WITZ, AMHKUSElf?. I741),ehetni«t, 
emploved for mnnv vcars as operator io the 
labomuirv of Itob.-rl IJoylw {A/ldit. MS, 
25095, f. '103). lie was indebted to Rojl 
whom hu mentions with gratitude, for tl 
fir*t hinU of ' ln-ttiT pirft'^tiiii^ that woodc 
ful preparation, the ph<i6phorU6 trla 
(^Introduetion to Am-Jint, &c, 1724, ppT 
X, xi). HU laboratory was in Sunthamp- 
lon Street, Covent (iamen. In 1719 he 
amined and nnnlvwd tht' water of the nw- 
einal sprinfi at P<ottington, near Wt-ymoiit 
Dorsetshire, and made a report of the reoult 
his iiiquir}*lo the Koyal 8o4Ticty (Hurciui 



iplicit^ 



Godfrey i= G:'i:rey 

iJornrty/iirr.'JiLi-ri-'..— '. ~ ■■-:.'_. L=. :.-.■:■- -_■ :l_:- -. ;.:- '.'■.-..■,■..■: t: —i 

17-J9-30 ii- ■wa^ ^:^.--i F-I-i-i T- i- ^. -l-.-.^- r .- ------ -. i^.. "-V- 

nut.'f Roy. s-.. A—.-T^i-x -v H - -T ^ ... - ::- , ^- 7 .-_^- :- :ii 

Cijniribu'i:-C3 t-:> :;,^ r ■s-j.:^. .r.^-.^- :- :-_:.i_t-, ■ :- : _:_-j.-£s""._- 

lions 'a:*f ' -\c .\-ro"™: :' ?■ —- '-.-.-.-~ ----- .~ •' 'r.^- „i;-i - -•- - _ t . -. M_-.;-.Il-— 
upon th-? I'Lr-ip'_--r-* I'r :-t ' t.\i- "-^ ^-Zzz-t—'.-l^ . - — i- :.r -vj.r.:-_» 
TUl. and "An E.ii=:r-z.:. - :' ''V--.-!.-;.- - ?,---* .;. — : . -i- z -i-'i •,ii.-.:z.-J 
WVll-wat^r?" ivrl. i„. 7:. .- :i "i^-- .iii- .- : ' " ; - i.--r_, :„. ii.:^-7. 
lit inr-nt^i &z:l }^'-:-'-ri i. —^-^.-r • 2 -'- -' — "^ — -- --'- --"- ' — t::^ ■! ,fi^i 
linfui^hm^ lirr* " fj tIT- - 'z. s.- : --" '-i.- ;•_■:-- t. _ 1- ,, - -: :. l-.- _- !.--.-T 
t[|]n.* ui cxUt.lT::r. :' -a-,.. ..- ^-- _: .-: z- : .— z:,-!.--- -■. -.■:-:i_:l ■:.t-_= : 
to t»kr I'lao- s: IVl-Lir. » L ? -A.v .i* : ■-■--:.- \z- .- ~l - . .- :- ::^ ji- - :: -i^- 
tlin- New Mt;;.;*!.' "t:-, ".ri-1. ":.t :;:-" --- i :t-.i --■.-• i_.j. -_ j. --:^-i-: ttt.-. - 

' fhon narra-ivr" ■::' "L- "..-■.:: .-i- ■ — : ■ l^: — :- — . --l .•■-.- _-_=.!■:-> 

liaviour >'f Char.-~ P:v-T :H_^;---i: .-. - _:_■ t r-: .- 1 ! .^ ■ :^ :l ~i..:i 1^ 

r-laiinn 10 'Li* uj^:'-I :-"t^", -.t— 1 1.: i ■.:-—■'-,■ . i -— -■ • .. -^- I j-.i. i.f-i 

will •pr.-ar :hi: :hr ^.i Mr I- T.T- J— : ;-;-■_- -: -:j i :.- -:!., .-. 

t<^nd«i Waioh Er^lr.-e ;? _■ >?: t ir- i- -' i ^:.--i: - — - j.- : - : : ": - ■ :_-!.-_■:: 

andi>ft*'ndan^Tr-.i*rr=T.~.=.T-:r:'- ".--" .-- :' --- .-. 7— ■*■ • -- - ■!-;--. ~ \jl— . 

fri:>in Ambrri*^ <i>iirrv'i ^Ir::. ■;. A — 7,- -i- -■■- ".r--.TL.'." -_ .*"•- i_"-i i-t-i-t. 

(Hlition (tf TLir pas:; ':_-". "«.'-. .: "i- :, "i~i- A — "7 e: *:: 1 1 : i; ti_l- .; ■' t.'.:-^ 

tivif. appeur-i in !7i-'. '- --Tr-"'- :l- . ■: t* : ittt : - .- r"-:j : ■ - — . i. ---_■-■. 

bv tUe S «.-i^-v ■ f.K^i :- Mj.r !- • -- i . i- -. .- -i— . :i--. :■ - '--^ r _ i.— ^ i— 
ii*May i:>;i;wi.-=;- ^ --- li-- :- ^-: = -"- -"-:■.-•- .- -^ ---..":■'. v ;. 
f-ntirv-lV 4Ut-i>--?:".il '>> .'• M:: J.'--^- -■•' - j.- r- .: l- i -—• -_,- - - ',•.- ..z. y.-:.:- 
lle dirsl lo Jan. 17-ii. ir.: .^ :-- -.-^T --7 i:....-:: :_ -■ . ■■ ." - - ITV. s_- ■. .•- 
hi*wil!.dat"d•■^Msy '7;;L.Tjj:r --: ^- L z- — :--: ^ ■!- n - .- - -.-:■.''■. z 'l- -t^r 
diin |rezi*T^rr^ IE P- '.•-'. -i. ^: .ir-^iV . :■-.• —'-' - Ar. ■. -.■- ;t , -r^i.-.V '^j 
wife Mary. w: i :■■*■ ::.! ^;i. i'.--, ■.:■ -i- -.rj - ; ■»■■'"'_ '1 -• : _. ■ ■. :: Li.rTT.C - 
to ijurtfn Ann^ a-ii Pr-r.-r ■-- rrr : I -.-- •■ ■ ■ .'-1 ' ,■ '' _ -"- --' —"-"-- 
marki Lts",>». P(ir,V^f. :'. .1/:,-: ■>.- .: I'. . I-. ^.i--i • -■-: . - -■- A-'--.-::'-. .-- - r 
died in 17"4 i wi'.l r-rzi-'-rr I -- P. ' . . ' . :''.'-::--■:._. ?-.:'-.■.--. -v -r- --. .■.- 
l'iniV.ldl. Hi* tLr-r> --. it ^:-. A^-- -. : •■■.■--. A;;- ■ - ;- . . ... .j-^r. :^>.-y 

and John, all il> ■ l'.-:.. -:-. sr- i - — i .■•■'■■■ . - -■ "■. --:.■ ". ..•. .77. 

Mow. IlijIrVrr*: >irlii---. .:. ."1- I-"...:-, 

I7*l.ar*in rL- BriT;-LM >- .::i. A- -. :■:- -: ■ - - ,-■ .".' - . : :;:r 

404:>.tr :?i*-31-;: ■:--:■ I'r r W ..:-.::. .;ii.; - .--- .".. ;^-:,-..V, 

l7:;*.^Addit.M>i. -:/"-.:. : a-- rr. - -■ •-■ r: V - . ."■ ^ - •- -. - v.- 

ol* ( i'nifp-T. piir::-;-! rj }',. •^. .^ .-z, ------ 1- ---.■-■.-.-■,. '^ '/' ■ .V -, 1-. . 

pravi-d by li, V-r::;^ ::: 17'. - > ' 5i;. • - j" I - .'-..","- ■ -. ."-.■-.. 

tinuati'jii '/ fir'Tn-j-r. ['.i.'Ji' H- .•- 1 .. ; j. — -.: . .-.■.■.■.-■■ ■"•;.■-• ■ ■- 

first eurnins-f r.!y. b ;" .r. ■' r:^-'. '.•..- • : -. 7..- 'l ■.■ ' - ■..---■■. ■-■.-r,,. 

m>'nt? til*- nara-r alway^aT:- ir- i- ■ ' ■ •;::-7- ■■.; J- '_■ " - -. ■ - ■■ " ■. - '. 

Hanrkwiii.' Ar..--- i- . :•.■,-, 

UoXLt:ii>ji>rBEV! ■/.;7-> .' i--. ; ;- 1 r^ ■ _- - l - ,- ;■ ■ ■ ■ ,- - ;- . .V -.- 

tn hi* farbiir"* unr..-yi- -, ,r. :-r_ --i-_. - .-..'."," ,-, ..-.'.- ■:.- 

p^ii-i'jnforalcb'rEav.-r.i r-lr- i ;„:_-'.:..■ "1- •-_- i'V ■.■■■. J' ' ' -i-. 

pr(i^**^ution ol'c.>--:iy:\;".l- ■ \;- ".i^.-r."- . .- -,-_r-r ■ ■ ■ ■,-■-. ■ .■■-,; „ 

inip"rtuniti*-? tf hi? HT-ri.' > ■ 1 _— i . ::. - '-.:;■: — ■■ ■ ■ ■ .■-,■■-•■.-. 

ivtin- to H'l't^ridrE ir. '.7- \, ^ :.- •- :- r- - ■ - !-■. ■ ■ . • . . ■■. : .■■■:, 

l-mpte'J t'lpTSi.T-T- m-li'.-r.- ■^-' ." .i" _• ■•'■.'-- ■ '.' -~ '-.■r.- ■:■'- 

tnkt-n a dt-ji*—. In !'-'-—>.-: ^7-.; :.-■ -•.■ ,:-•--- . -. ■:;■ 

in Piifi-' t^n'leav irlr.j ■ ■ r.r. - ■ .-.'j- ",.-.:•-- .-■ : .- 

mitii^ .-om" w ir. :-r:;l r-rry. - Lv - -.■-■. ■• - -■ . 1 •, 

flitviu <ian^ini?-' Fiy Ii---^'.r !7-".- - ^^-^._.^.... . , ■ - . , 

slill in Pari*, b- Lii 7--.:-\ :r r . - -- .~ .' j ""*!"" ..... . 

iMiiTcn'ity ihr dipljtna ■ :" -ML". T -: 

inp Tear bf v-n:jr^l : ■ r-- .-. ■ - :.-. ■ '"XjIj?"?.?!'.- . - . ;..' ■." ,'■,'» ;;.',■■;( 

in Taviifixk .Sir— -". C'»-,-.'.: •! srl- -.. --;■ " ;■'_.-■"- ' ■ ■ :■ ■.- ' • 

K-ad a nii9>^r3bl-r ex :s:*-"t.-r .:; .:."..-. ■ : :l.:.-"- ■,-■—._.■ - .■ _-. :.■.■.■.: -, .• 



Godfrey 



32 



Godfrey 



linge, Ktjnt, wns oit^lit h son of Thomiut (4od- 
frey, esq., by his fH'i^oiid wife Samli, ilaiij^h- 
tcr of '1 lioma.s Islet), esq., of IIiLmmersmitli. 
The fatlier, born 3 Jan. 15H5-6, belniiKed to 
an old Kentish family, and lived at ditFurent 
times ut Winchulsea, Milling, and Sellin)^, all 
in Kent, and at 8t. HIIw'h, ( 'ripplfffatc, I>on- 
don. II(! had twenty children by his two 
wives. lIowasM.IMorWinchelseain 161-1, 
and Mat for New Romney in Charles I's 
third parliament (Mi'2R 9), nntl in the Short , 
imrliament of HMO. IIo died 10 Oct. KHU, ' 
and was buried btnieath an elaborate monu- 
ment in Selling- Church. Ilia domestic 
diary (KfOrt W), preserveil in Brit. Mus. 
I^nsd. MS. 2.3.'), WHH printed by .Vr. J. <i. Ni- 
chols in the ' Topngnipher and Genfnlnpist,' 
it. 450-67. Peter, the eldest sun by his se- 
cond wife, inherited the estate of llodifonl, 
Kent (Hkrry, Kentith Oeiieafui/ir*). VA- 
ward, another son, died in June KiiO, aged 
12, just after his election to a king's scliolar- 
flhip at Wcft mi lister School, and was buried 
in the east cloister of Westmhister Abbey. 
The ninth son, Michael, a Lomlon merchant 
(l(i24-l(il'l ), was fontman of the jury at the 
trial of Fitzharrisin KiKl, and had two sons, 
(1) Michael [(). v.], lirst deputy governor of 
the Bankof Kngland. and (2) Peter, M.P. for . 
London from 171ii till his death in November 
1724. 

Edmund wa.s ' cliristened the 1-3° January ! 
[l(i21-2].' 'His ffodfathem,' writes his I 
father in his diary, 'wen; my cousin, .lohn j 
Uerrie, esq., cjiptiiin of the font company of | 
, . . Lidd . . . his other godfather wiw . . . ■ 
Edmund Harrison, tlie king's embroiden^r 1 
. , . They named my son Plilmund lierrie, 1 
the one's name and tlie other's Christian 
name.' Mar^ulav, J. It. flreen, and others, 
have fallen into tlie error of giving (lodfrev's 
Christian nami^ as 'EdmundMbury' or ' Ld- 
mundbury.' Kduiiind was educated at West- 
miiLster Sehnol, but wua not on the founda- 
tion. He matriculated at Oxford as ft com- 
moner of Christ Church 2:{ Nov. 10:J3, tra- 
velled abrojid.enteri'd Cray's Inn .'S Dec. 1040, 
and retired to the country in conseijuence of 
'a defect ill hi.s hearing' {Kvtrnrt fmm Clirixt 
CInin-hlte;/.: Fot*TKlt, Orai/'s Lm Rfff.; Tpkb, 
Memoircn). His father's family was too large 
for him to give Edmund, one of his younirest 
sons, a compiitencv. Edmund aecordinclv 
returned to London to take up the tnidenf a 
wood-monger. Together with a friend and 
]inrtner named Harrison he acquired a wharf 
at l>ow(iate. Tlie hu.^ine.ss prospered, and 
befori! I(i58 he set up a wharf on his own 
amount at ' Hartshorn Unno, near Charing 
Cross,' now Xortliumberland Street. Strand. 
Ho resided in an adjoining housi; described at 



the time as in ' Ureen's Lane in the Strand, 
near to Hungerford Market' His prosperity 
end public Mpirit led to his appointment a» 
justice of the peac« ft)r WefltmittBter, and he 
look an active part in the ftffairs of Lis own 
parish of St. Mart in's-in-t he-Fields. He re- 
mained in Ijondon throughout the plaf^ue of 
161)0, and his strenuous etforta to maintain 
order and relieve distress were rewarded bv 
knighthood (September 1666). The king at 
the aame time presimted him with a silver 
tankard, (iodfrey showed much belief in and 
many attentions to Valentine (Ireatrnkes, the 
Irish 'gtroker' [(j.v.],on hi;* visit to London 
in 1666 (CBBATKAEtw, Acntunt, ed. 17'2'-i, 
pp. lid, 4i5). In 1669 he came into collision 
with the court. A customer, Sir Alexand^ 
Fraizer [q. v.l, the king's physician, was ar- 
rested at his suit for MO/, due for firewood. 
Tlie haillfis were soundly whijiped by the 
king's order; Godfrey, who was committed 
to the porter's lodge at Whitehall, narrowly 
e.scapea the like indignity, ' to such an un- 
usual degree,' writes his friend Pepys,' wasthe 
king raoveil therein.' Godfrey asserted that 
the law was on hie side, and that he 'would 
suffer in the cause of the people' (PBPrs), 
For a time he refused nutriment. He was 
released after six days' imprisonment (Tiikb). 

(Godfrey moved in good society. He knew 
Danhy, who became lord treaaurer in 1673. 
His friends Burnet and William Lloyd, vicar 
of St. Martin's-in-t he-Fields, both afiSrm 
that ' he was esteemed the best justice of the 
peace in England.' His civility and courtesy 
were always consiiicuous. He spent much 
in nrivnte charity. Some thought him 'vain 
ami apt to take too much upon him,' but 
Burnet disputes this view. He was a zealous 
pnitestant, but ' hud kind thoughts of the 
noncouformi.st:*, and consequently did not 
strictly enforce the penal laws against either 
them or the liomnn catholics.' ' Few men,' 
says Burnet, 'lived on better terms with the 
papists thiin he did.' In 167H 'he was en- 
tering upon a great design of taking ap all 
beggars and putting them to work,' but gave 
at the same time 1001. for the relief of the 
uwesaitousiworof the parish of St. Martin'^ 
in-t he-Fields ( Tru^ and Pei'fec:t Narrative). 

Godfreywent toMontpollier forhis health 
early in 1678, and returned, after much travel 
in France, greatly l)enefitod. Soon after his 
ri'turn Titus Gates brought his narrative of 
his ' Popish plot ' to (Jodfrey ((i Sept. 1678), 
and made his f]r.«t depoiiitions on oath in sup- 
port of his charges. Tlin^e weeks later he 
signed further depositions in Godfrey's pre- 
sence, and on l'8 S''pt. laid his informations 
before the privy council. Gates swore that 
Godfrey complained to him on 30 Sept. of 



Godfrey 



33 



Godfrey 



bin by Imtli pArttea tn Uie 



ftwl oUien hi* remiAEiu»a in not (iLSclnaing hu 
■Btafrim witb Omtce rarlier. Tlureote, add* 
<titai, we3« bisU oat ib«l hi* caDdact would 



door of Roman catlialic priesto, and popular 



cottdugning his officioumiwr -Ttulif^nittiiiniigiiinsl i)>« p«pist«ira«roii»t<d to 



fevtr heat. Medal-paitTaftaof Godfrey were 
■truck, in nbii-h tbv pf^pe wu niprwenl«d as 
directing the tntird^'r. Ballads and illua- 



tm m Ruhn^ I for itii)iur^ when parUanwBt trat«d brDaij£idt;6 expKMed y^'hr wijiii- 
lart <y- 'h- panic oocajioned bv metiLa. ' An llMtj PMni/ entitled * Pro- 

Oal«»'> : r-aimd,riodfivjrfKCOora- rlunadoo pnimntM; or an Hue and Cry and 

m^ to }i«mot, bacaine'BMirebemive unil r»- ia()ui»iti«D8ft«r tre«w>n uid blixtd,' appeared 
nmd;' 'ha Mlientd he nimself should b^ at early oa 1 Nov. 167P (Lemon, Cat.uroad- 
kaodkad ua tba heaiL' ' l'|><jnmy ounvcieacv.' *ui^ inpott«ui<m (/•Sue. Antif. Lond. 134). 
he loU a frittid,'! shall be the fint martTr^* Sober perwoa who mUcrusied (Mtes from th« 
bal I do not ttrnt ihvm if tbuy cumv fairly : first, end wi-n.' cuavioccil uC tbu ttim|i.^Lgp^iin> 
I^aball not jpatt with mylifflunnly'^Trxc). lirom a catbolic puiuL of viuw of UiMlfrer'A 
ideeuaed the advioa of bta frieada to jnurduii saggestBd tbai ' being of a mBlan- 



with a aervatiL 

ay moniinit, 12 Oct, 1078, Godw 
I»ft bonw at nine oVlork, tra* b««r soon 
lat Mary)rboni',caIlMl abontparo- 
clual buauMw on uuif of t be church wardeaa 
U St. Maclili'*->a-tb<.-Ft«'lda at noon, and ac- 
oocdaf loMDWwhat doubtful ^•rid'^ncu wu 
na* lal« oi the day between i>L. Uleiueat'a 
Chun^ io tha Sttwid and Soowiset Houbs. 



cboly and bypocfaondriacal d»po«ition' God- 
frey might hare ooomilted suicide. It vaa 
alao rumoured that be wad pursuing some 
decKt-ainoura. and wvj iiijicavy d«bt to the 
pari»hofSt.MailiD'B-in-(hi>-Fibld.i. iluccbew 
allegatioDa Were unjiupponm)br<>vi(l>'nc«, and 
die theory' of «uindtt is quite untenable. 

A pari lante Diary commiltAe under tl»e pr^ 
sidatK^ of ^^haftcsbll^^- eat ro investigate 




ila did not laturu haux« that nigbt. Hm/ Oatea'H HlnliMiient' and (lodfrey'ii murder, 
nmnta, knowing Lis i^gular haEita, grew On lONor. BQdloe,nni'ofOnt«'Bcluof allies, 
L l.h) Uh.- folUiwing Tituiaday evtitf tnfomuK) M\f commiitru that \\ni raurdfmmi' 
Oct.) hi^ dt^ail body waa found inA \ were two of I^rd Balaayae'a aerranta. TheJ 

I tb*) south ftidf of Pnmroee Ilill. ii«ar ' kiofc dJabelit'Ted the allegntiou. Danby, 
1I« lay &c« downwards, tTanft> i lord high tn-afmrer, whn diKcrfdited the tMti- 

Ui 9wn aword. Much mon«y and mony of Uaies and bt« gang, was binnelf 
found unioacbed in hii I chawed id a pam-r giguod ' J. C and t«nl lo 
> \ fail pocket-book and a lace cranrat ' memrnrB of parlianont with bdng privy to a 
aliine aiiMinir. Nvjtt day an inuucsl ptuLtu take Qodfruy's life- Dnnby e Mcrutary, 
tbald al the While IlouMt.iMmnMe Ilill. ' 1-UlwArd Clifialian, diMmM it w'i»e to rebut 
Two ■oqpaiu awurv thai tlwK wero marks ' iu a pamphlet tbu absurd charge, which woa 
abrait tha Mck which *Ik>wu1 that Godfray rrpoaled by Kiuliarnit in 16M) (rf. Itrjfer- 
died a( amlbeatinn, and waa slabbed af^er tiim» ufum a Pnp^r er/itilM HefiectUm* u/iort 
SmA. Olbv witUMM-ji tiliowed thai th^,' tkt Earluf Ihtnlt^in rrlalioa In Sir I^ltnuud 
badly WM not in tha dilch oik the prcct^ing Harry (itrffrfi/'M murttrr, 1379; Vindu-alion 
Tuaaday, and tlwl it niu«1 have iM-i^n placet) ttf thf liukr of Lttdty 1711). At Ir-nf^li on 
^whoidMd. An ojnen verdict of wilful Hi Vive. li>78, Milc« PranC'C. a Konuin co^ 
'Wi#ratani«d. The body was earned Ibolic AUvt^rvmith, whosotocitimes uork<:f(l in 
Ibvy'a home. Iluruel mw il, and (he qui-vn's cbapvl al Somt-rset iIi)U>i<-, wus 
«■ tb^ elotboi * dnjiM or while wax arroa[t<d on \hv ivXtv l«^«tiDi>ny (if a dc-iauli^ 
^'wchaa Ilotaan catholic phuau um, ing debtor iu a catbtilic com pirator. Mitchtor- 
tnenttOB waa inado »f this clrciim- tun!andrvpt«tedcnMa-flxaminalionaclicili><l 
It ibi' tQ(|uiat. The fuiiwml wan iltv from bim a oonfeMiian orciiuiplicilT in Gud- 
' CM ibal day thfl bodrwas frey'e murder, 24 Dee. f^rtainratholicpriiala, 
nitfwcll, and jiiiblicly lay in accordint; to Ptanpe, di-cidwl on Goiifri^'i 
«*eA8ion iiftf^rwarfU nc- murder becaiifu> )it- wa.i a lealoua prottniant 
>i Fleet -Street and the aud a powerful abettor of (^^te*. and tbey 
. nf St. Martin Vin-tli<^ and their flaaociatM dtuged bin ^t^'pri for 
btint>d, and a A-Ttm^n utanydayv. On 13 Oct-oewMemiceo into 

II iij ts III 11^11 l.tnyl. tlM* vicar. Two the courtyard ofSomeiaet Ho4uk, where the 
, olfiTin? a p-ward of M(U. for qwcn livod, on the pnrt«Xt that two of bar 

'> ''fcrs, wera uaued avrviuits werv Babting tbefv. Th« aurd^rara 

'ici. wen awaiting luB. lie wao M-raigbtway 

!i -Tiiirdrirvd. The Blrangled in tliv prewnee of three prioata, 

il I.. <)..'■■'« ilMpom* Vernailj, Gi^'ald, aud Kellcy, bv llohart 

.Lij:.'. Ui'i ihc crime at the Green, cuBliioninan io tbv qocen^* chapvl. 




LAvrreaoe UiU, eentnt to Dr. Thomu Qoi- 
(leji 'q. T.'i, tn?a»urer of the chipcl, and Henrr 
Berry, porter of Somcri<^'t IIotis<>. Meuiwhile 
Pnmvu watcLetl one of (be gate* to prpx'ent 
interruption- Thci body wa» Ki?pl nt Som';r.si'l 
Iloufitt till itie foUuwmij Weuuwday niahl, 
wfaan it waA carried bv euy etagea in a s^n 
cliair to Priuruw lllll, oDd luH w it wu 
foutid. Prance mid tiiui be nft«rwarda at- 
t«nd«d n meeting of iuEuiu and tinoittH at Uow 
tooelebratollwu0«d. []>ri«ti, Hill.AiidllKrrv 
■wftn; ftirested. Before, the trial Prunes te- 
canled bis story, but n few days InWr n_«»- 
wrted il» tnilh,' On .5 Keh, 167ft 11 he swore 
in court to Ilia oriKinaJ declaration. Bedloe 
appeared to corroborato il, and detxitsed to 
omn of monfy bi-ing irnidi,' l o bini by L«faire, 
FrilcbaTd, ainl otber priests early io October 
to join in tJie crimi-. Hut bie allugaiimi 'lid 
not ogTiMi in detail wiili I'rance'f Malemi?nT. 
Oi»e of Godfrey's a^rvonts swore that Hill 
and OnHia bud callud witb mi'i(»ukri'» ai bvr 
maxtdrV houxu on or liiifnrc thi? fftlal Sntur- 
day. Tbe prieuuerfe Elrmiioiutly dutiiL-d tbL-ir 
cnilt, atid cnlird witiit-HM»< to iirovu an alibi. 
Tlv^'y were, however, <!onrict4)d. Gram und 
llilf, boib Iloman calbglics, w«m hiuii^ at 
Tybum oil 31 K»t)i,, (ind Bi^rry, in cnnsidera- 
[iou of Uift being a protostant, a neeli later. 
"(In b Ftb. Samue! Atltiii«,« MTvani. of Pepyn, 
was tried an un nccviidory before tJie fact on 
Bvdloi^'v ttvidfirift;. Hut nedlo«'>i story was 
eo Dimfty that Atkins wn*; ac(juittL*d. 

The poimlacpwuit mtiafiml. PriiorosK Hill, 
which liad been Imnwn at an earlier period 
M Oreenberry Uill, was r«t:liriBt«Ufd by ihal 
nune in rHferenci>> to tbi! thr>N' aliened miir- 
derurs. Somerf^cl Houes woa nicknamed God- 
hey Ilall. Illii«tret«d brond^idi'* •»>) forth 
All tlio d<!tail« of th(! otlegod inurdur there. 
Dut l^ranoe was at once stupected by iober 
critics of bavin? concocted trie wbole story, 
which Bodloo aloae bad ventured lo cvrrobo- 
rat*. He was aoon eoKaffod in a paper war- 
fore wilfa Bir Ko^r L'Kvlrftngo uid other 
mmpldetwnL who doiilited his evidence. 'A 
liMter to Miles Pranee.' sipned Trueniati 
(1680), was nnswrrwJ l»y Pmnec in 'Kir 
E. B. G.'s flhoBt,' which in it* turn was an- 
swered by ■ A second Letter lo Milr* Pranii» * 
<1S Martb II381-2). Tbf •\jr,jn\ Protwrt-aaT. 
Inl^dliKcneer' on 7 and 11 March ltJ^l-2 
seven'lvdi-nounred the triiil of Orei-n, IVrrr. 
and Hill bh judicial munler. Immtutiately 
afterwardu t In- I hi'ory of G"dfn-y'« luieide wits 
revived. dnlJOJune myiNuThdnielThomp- 
hou. Willinm Pain, and John J-'arwi-lI were 
found guilty al WeslminBtcr of hnvin;: cir- 
culated paiaphlete discredit in? tbe jutlioi.' t>f 
Ihe trial of GTm-n, Utrry, and Hill, nndwilh 
having asAOted that Godfrey hilled klmsclf. 



Th^ were aentenccd to fines of lOOf. eadi, 
whiuiThonipsou and Farwett had in addii ion 
10 stand in the pillorj- in Old I'aUct' Yanl 
Somenewevidunct-naisttdiluo'dat tbi»ir tr«! 
to show that Godfrey wns undnulrttiily mtiT- 
deivd, hut no due to the perpetroUir? wu 
discovered. Prance's story waa finalU- i 
molished when on 15 June IQSO bejilead 
guilty I" ]>i-rinnr in linrtnff cotic<»cl"a alt I 
•\'idenc«. lie was lined iWtl., and wa» 
dorod to stand in the pillory, and to b« 
whipped from Newgati^ to Tyhum. 

Toe mystery remuios UBwIred. The most 
probable Tbi-ory it that Oa1«a and hia dexff 
nte associ at fs caused Godfrey to be muvdend 
to give colour to tht-ir faL« allegations, and 
to oxcit« popular opinion in Carour of iheir 
agitation. 

A portrait of Godfrey hanps in the vestry- 
rooni of tile parish oi Hi. MtirtinVin-tu- 
l"ivld». All engraving by V'nn Hniif in 
fixed to Tuke's ■ MemoitM," 1682. In 1 
OodfreyVhrolhi-rBcnjamin repaired I bi>lAb' 
above the grave of their vouiwer braiio' 
< lll2tC^0>in tbe m*l ctoinlerof We«tmin«t<r, 
and addiwl a T.ntin inscription ipring the data 
of Sir lOdmund's murder. A silver taukaid^, 
now b^lontpnfr'to the borough of Hndburyj 
Suflbllcbrajv Godfrey's amis and au iD>cri 
tion recounting biiaervicesat the pla^fue 
fire of I^ndon. It 18 apparently a c<ipy, nailv' 
for Godfrey for pHMwiilntii^n to a friend, of tha 
tiinknrdpreoRntedlohiinbTCluiTlesHiulfttM. 
An eoirraving is in tbe ' Uentlcuino's Ma^a- 
BiQe,'184>'.pt.ii. p.48S. Seven m•><ln)lt^n-p(l^ 
tm.it* of Godfrey am in lie T!' 
( For engra\injp of tbe»» si*e I " 
daUionn reiatinil to HUtvryuJ i:,n^Utnit^ 

XJUIT.) 

[Tuk(/a MeniutrM of the Life and Death of Sir 
Eilniuiidbupy Godfny, Lond. 1083, dwBcatv) U 
Cliules II. with two paeina on the tnntdo' tii- 
cwDdl^], ' ISuocharuilia and ' Tlia Proelamatioi 
Frouioi^il;' Nirboh's Tap'jstvpher and Genealo- 
ffisT, IKna. ii. 4AU et seq. : W. Uoyd's Puwnl 
Semiuii, II37S; Uui*nll'>i SloU- Trials. vi_ 1410 at 
Mq.. rii.lADeliH-q., riii. IT7H-S0; Avhrcy's Lirw 
in LcTisrs from the Bodh-iai) Library, ti. 8iV. 
P^pju's Iluiry ; Lntl-PcU's Brief ICtTlnlioo ; Itfr^ 
bv'x McnioirH.ed. Carlwriith: - F!iiniet*« HkUiy 
DfhisOv^ Time: G«it. MafT: ■><)>«• <>' 48S-W: 
C^t. of Prints und Drnvingii in tbii BrilUh Mn- 
seuiii (Satirical;, i. ; Tligrnhiir' '■' W'--r..~* 
Old und New London: llaoto]>i • 
Uni's Hifftity. Tli« True luid 1' ■• 

lOi 8. supplies an iraixinud account ol'liMliMlinc 
of thft body and tlic iu<|ues1. Pnaea'a TrM 
Nnrmiivo niid DiscoTtry, IBTtl; hia Addili 
Korruiive. 1676; bis L«9irsiigo a Papist, 16M 
his.Solcrin PrototatJonafcain^ LM^raaRo. I 
and A Rncvinet HanuUm i>illi Fi'nuicti'a slory 
repmivd, I68S, {[iTe Pmnce's allefpttians. Tm 



m 

ititV 



:^ 

iiiva 

«t«r," 

lata 

ai4»^ 

UT7M 

laitoV 
th. 

»tU. 
aaga- 



6RlM 



4^ 



to PruN* and tbo Anii-PrDLMUnt, or 
SClMkgaiiHtPr&nce. 1663,ooiitniiittu:ehurcon- 
Xmnfonry vriticism of hia t^tsLitnoii}*. 'Rag\MBd'* 

Tba SolMBB 3ilr-.i-k l>riMv-mi,^Q of Fife, Cardinn]s. 
jE«-. 197B«d<l ir^O.LondfuiDrutkr^, 1680; The 
FD|n»l)DKmu&titrPlot,108l); lb«I»rt«lfiilApp«r}- 
tidn— tticPop«HiiuDt0],l4lKi; ATrueNuniiiv* 
of the. ..Plot, 16S0,^v*.' brutilsido illuslmlioa* 
q( tha inunlvT ukI cto»]i(tul»i« Pnoow'* »tnr]r. 
Fnr othn tHtllada !h4 Bitgfiinl BAlInd«. cd. KU- 
mntb, ii. AltZ-86, and Ituaburgliu IVilwl*, cd- 
EbfWDrth, iT.l .■?. L. Ii. 

QODFBEY. SnOHAEL {d. I (i9:>), finsD- 
cief, waa the eldeat f)on uf jMiL-hatl God- 
ftuv ( 1024-1(189), mt-rcluuit. v( Li>ii()'>n, EUid 
Woodfoni, l-I«Lin-_x, *lHV<?nlli son of TIidiuu 
(iodArer of Hodiford, Ktni. hv bis v/ih, 
AtiDe Marr Cliiuobnibiii. UiH futbvr wm 
brntbtiruf ^ir I'ldtnuiid IWrv IJudfri-y Ll-^'0» 
Euid (nn'itwn of Ibe srand jury who found a 
^tie bill sfjaitUit Edward Filzhnrrix [q. v.] 
forhigfa tnswon. The yoimpsr (iodfrc^axia 
hu brotber P«t«r werv merciiante, and their 
fuUierpmdirtcdthutlihcirMx-culnliimsTirould 
epvnlily ' briug iuio hotclipoil ' lUv whoU 
' thrir ainple fortuities. (Itidfrrr supported 
rilliam Psl^nfon iii tliii ttftablitihiiit-iic of 
Ituik of Kiigliind in 10^4. lie was re- 
irded by bein^ (lected the first dei)uty- 
tstaoot of tlitf buik. S'mu afu-rwanls \w 
i)ili«h«l ui«bl^]>ainphli-t^nt it linl.'.A Short 
9tuit of ilie B«ak of Itlu^liuid,' which was 
rauMied after bis dimth, and hiu kIm) been 
includiMJ in both cditionn of ibt: 'Somen 
Tract*.' On 15 Aug. luyi 0>MUny wm 
tioMo oQfl of fifteen porsoD< to preptin by- 
rs for thi> nf w bulk (LrmtELL. Ii\*t»rkal 
t inn '•/ State Affair*, 1857, iii. 3.0"). At 
^iwral puiirl btld on 16 Mivy 1095, at 




cli PoLvr liiHlfn-y wa» uWl«d a director, 

rofiolTed to eetahlLsh a branch «t 

p, io order to coin nionoy tu pay the 

tXMipB in Flandeni. TWntity-gnverniva Sir 

JuDM lIouUoD, Sir WilUaoi Scawvit, imd 

^(icIiitddoilfn-T wrrc tht-iv-fftr* appi^intftrf to 

Hd ibilb'T 'to methodL«« tb«' mmc, his ma- 

^Mtj and the (flmrtor of Itavaria havintr u^i^ed 

tbentoo' (v&. iii. A'M- On th'-ir urrival at 

Naniur, tliftt lwiit^;ts) by WiUioiti, the kiii^ 

invited thiftn to dinni'r in his ttnl. They 

^g— •q„i ■'^•'<'-i»*ityiaioCkL-Hvtichi-H, whvrv 

^^^fci <m tbu works of the beaic^ed 

^HB I .. , j,i he atoHl ovar the kiufr. 

BB July \ti>*!). ' tV-in^ an i^niiiK'nt. mi'n'haiil,' 

Knl«« Loitmll, * h>' is much lamented : this 

ivm baa abated the ac-tioiw of Uk' bnnk 2L 

neot.'fiii. •VXt). Ht^ wah burii-d iif>ar hia 

>*r in thr church of til. Switliin, Wal- 

wlwr** hm ninilttfr i-n.-ciM a tablet ro 

I avmory (Stow, Surtttf, «il. Sirype, bb. ii. 




, p. IDS). Uewaaabaehelor. A Michael Ood. 
' frey woe survcyor^aceoiiutoDt of Ht. Paul'ii 

»chou] in I'Hi'i 3 (^Admiuiifn liryijtvrt, vd, 

Oardiut^r, p. 304). 

I [WillH of tbtt elder and yotui^r HichacI Qod- 
I frey tTgi9t«f«d in P. C. <'. 17J>, Eut, and 180. 
I Irby; LuttrfUa Hmtoriail Rctlaliun nf Hlato 
I AHain, 18^7; FrunciKX Hist, ot Bunk of Gn^- 
I land. 3rd M. : Sliicjiulfty'* Hi.tl. of Rnglntiu. 
riKps SK. xxi.-. Will of Polcr God£r«y, Ncf- 
vtmhvr I lit. P. C. C. U6. Bollou.] O. O. 

i GODFREY, RICII.\RD RF.RNARI> 
i (A. I7i'f*l, fcu/ijravt'r, born in Loiidim in 17^^, 
j is principally kiton'o as an engraver of \-iewft 
and aiitit^uitiea. Many of ibeK wi>re done 
, &om bis own drawinea, and, if of litlloi ar- 
iLKtic value. have oooiidierable urchwoloffical 
iiitereat. Moat of them were «jieciit«d for 
Oroae's 'Antiquarian Reportory ' in 1775, a 
work which Godfrey appears to have had 
aome uliarH in ftditing. Others appcnrod in 
GroBe's ' ;Vstii}uilit>i; of En^'i^nJ "U"! Walws.' 
Dodfrey also t'u^Av>-<l some [lurLraita, in- 
cluding J. (i. Holman, ibfi oclor, aftt-r Da 
Wilde; Samiirl Koote, tht< actor, aflf r Col- 
aon: and ibi;li«v.AVil1iam liortlUnE.aitthor 
ofB'Walhubout Cantgfbury'inl?!?. God- 
frey esliibit<!d somr *'-« piit."*.-!!, after Brook- 
ing, and otbirr viizTaTinga at the Society of 
Artists from 170o to 1770. lie alao en- 
gra^-ed platwi for BcU'e ' ItritiiJi Tb«atre.* 

H>.)A.l'» MS. Iliat. of Kiigli-b EnBrortrs (Drit. 
Mue. Addit. MS. 23410); Ked^rav«'s Diet, at 
Artinla ; Cataluguon of tuo Society of .\rLiata.] 

L. C. 

GODFREY, TnOM.KS(!736l7«;t),p«t 
anddramaliM.boni iu lMiihii<lL-]|>hiac>u4 lk<L'. 
173U, wiw the SOD ofThomaa Godfrey (1704- 
1749), slaziiir and inatbuuuiLician, whu con- 
atructted an improved ijundranl at abtuit tht: 
au&a time ai^ John Hudley [i|. r.] lie to- 
cpivpd ail onliuajT t^u<-ntioii, and wn» ajv 
pn-nttci'dtoaw!iichio(Jit'.r, though he wish inI, 
It ia said, to bvcome a paiiittT. lo 175tt be 
ohtaiiit^d a lieutenant's cowmiMinn in thi- |»ri>- 
vincinl forces raia(.-d for an tOLpedilion a^nst 
Fort Dtiqut-anL-. Ud the disDandint; of tho 
troops inihuBpriiigof I'^y huwyin to North 
('aroliuu, and found L-mploymeut as a factor. 
Here h« coinpiww! a tragedy calltvl 'The 
Prince of Paniiiu,' which w«* oflvrcd to a 
company performing in Philadelphia in 1769. 
Thie pte«>, which wiu printi-d in I7t>-'>, is cun- 
jiidcnxl tobetluifimi ptav wrilli-n iuAnurira. 
.\(Vpr rciaaining in North Carolina for thn^e 

f'«an» Oodfn-y wiw Dbligtnl bv the death of 
lifi employer to return to Philaiteluhia. n» 
subM^uent !y went as sHpercarjio toN'ew Pro- 
Tidenci^. In hi* homeward journey throujtb' 
Nonl) Carolina he caught a teTcr.frDO) whicU 

D'2 



Godliam 



jfi Godiva 



he di«d near WUmingl on on H Aug, 1763. 
BmiiJM coiitriliiilinffTttTsc-stolIie 'AmiTieun 
Mai^ini^,' k Ptiilfi«i*lpliinn pi^riodicul, God- 
frey publinlicH in I'tSa "DieCoiirtQf FbdcVi' 
R p<xm mnilclU-d in pnn on the pMiido- 
i'linucfr'ft ■ HuuteorKtinii?.' A vuliiiw of W 
nopins, with a bio^apLical sketc)! bv liis 
tmnJ NaiUuuiul Evuns, uppearwl in 1(07. 

[Buki^r'a BiaRmphm IlrAinnliai (Ittwd and 
Joim), i. 'J79-84, Jii. ISO; A^latoci'a Qjtlmnd. 
of Amer. Hiog. ii. 669.] 0. U. 



GODHAM, ADAM (d. ISfiS). 

Gdiipam,! 



(S«e 



GODIVA orOODOlFU {/. lOW-lOW), 
l)fiii.'fiiclrc*«, wJui siMer to Tlioroid of Uuck- 
null, »bi'riir of I.uii:oIn«lHit<. Hvr iiumt; U 
{ironeuteil in ievenleeit dilfei^iit forms; (irxl- 
Lnfi- in in the Stow clifirti^r. (^udim in the 
Bjitildin^ cliurt(.*r <l>oUi prit]U.-d hy Kciublv, 
Init ^Miljftbly.iimnousl; tin- l)iinii'i*iliiy rih-U- 
ing IB (iodova. FreL'tnun aivcs (iodg-ifu. 
Snmi' litnii Uifiire ICWO nhv mnrn^ l,»i(ifric, 
(jbpI of Chester [q. v.] In the' Liber KUensia' 

Jomiof iwflftli wntury) there iMnentinn of tt 
IndivA, widflw i.f ft« «i»rl, 'rt-piitintL' Cunulo' 
(I017-[0."V»). She, in pro^iii.'ciordcath, wrote 
to .IClfric the bishop (of Ehnham and Itiin- 
wit'!i.l(.t'8 3ii,and Lcorrii: tht^ nbbol (of Kly, 
10i';i-2U), givinjt lo Hly tiioiiiiiit.Tv Ihewtiittf 
of Ilerchinpps | Rarkin(f, Siifinlk), whirh wiw 
her^ 'piirfntiim liicrwlitate.' By will she 
nddi-d l"tlii-)»ifi ihv Inndsof y)C»trv.or I'lmyiiz 
(lllirh I'^iter, Good Eiistt^r, and Pl<-»!ivy, Suf- 
folk ), l''Bnlirc|ie ( N ortb and S-tii h 1 "anibridge, 
Essex) and TcrlinftL's (Tcrlinff, Kuflx). If 
tills nas vui 0(.idivu, it wouM follow thnt 
ulit^ recovrrerd from her illneM of i02ft-0, and 
that lier union with Earl Luofric was u aucond 
mftrriaxe. In tbo Spftldiajf chiuter, lut in the. 
PomMuuf purrey, she bettrs llie title 'comi- 
li*tiH;'it does not ni»p"nr thnt tlin titlw of 

• Iftdy ' beldiiffcd to her di-gn.'^* in the usajce 
of bur time; in the Slow charter ehv is 
Aimply 'fiflTi corlrtt fif.' She is deMiibed u 
awntm of gtvox bejiuly nnd a devoted lover 
01 tlip Virffin Mnry. Aboiit 1040 she inte- 
rMt«dlieree1fin thuvrKclionuf thutu'iniuttvry 
atStoir,Linc>>lii>diirf, mid nmde conHiderable 
benefuctions tn if, both jointly with her hti»- 
Imnd BJid on her own pnrt. 

At Coventry, Warwickshire, which wa« a 

• villii ■ belonging to her hustmud. iheru had 
bui'il B t-onvenl, of whlrli Ht. OsSurg wd* 
abbi^ss; it wnt hiimed when Kfulrio [see 
Kdiuu or Kabric Strcosa] mrngeil the ai«H 
trict in lOlti. (lodira iiiduned hcrhimbiind 
to found heri', in lOW, a QenedictiDemoiisA- 
tery for nn abbot nnd Iwenly-fonr monks. 
The church was dvdicated to Si. Mary, St. 
PetCTj St. C>»bur{f, and All Saints od 4 Oct 





I bvEadsige [ij. v.l.sRlibidiopcif C«at«srburj-. 

' BMidesioining uer husband iti richgifUof 

I land, incladingB mojotyof Coventrr, Godin 

I ftom time to time made thti church of tbit 

I nionaat«ry resplendent wilb gold and gttat 

lo a dts^rrtMi unoqualled in England ai tlwt 

date. Williamof 3IalmetibiiryMrit that tli* 

vary walls aeemed too nairov tor the n- 

orplviclwa of tmiunirat. It abounded also ia 

relics, the most prflciotia t>eing tlip> arm at 

St. Aogustine of Hippo, enclosed in a sitror 

eAi»,h«iring sn iiiAtrlptiirin to the effiMi thai 

Ethelncith [q. v.], archbishop of Canterbury, 

had bou){bt it nt I'avinfora hundred Calenl* 

of silver and a Inlcnt of gold. Uuleu lbs 

inception of the C-oventry monastery 

inucaeiirlicrthnn thedL-dieationoflh<;cli' 

thi« relic tyiii«i>t h«v« Iwrii ijivpn to (\it 

hyEtheliiolh(-/.lii;i»): it may have been gi 

byGsdsigc, In 105] Uodiva'^iDiarkisappeBi 

Irt thir cliurl^-r nf her hrothi-rThoroId, fowod- 

ing tlie I^edic.iinc innnasiery at Sjnalditig, 

LiQCobuhir«, with thpwonl»: '^HgoOodira 

Comitina diu iKtud deiitdemyi.' gmeiaoom- 

me[Qor(il<edalnoa'>al>enefAcln»9tothetaon: 

teries of I.oominjit<'r. ll«rcfor<ix.hirc, W' 

iock,SUroi)f!iiro,yt. Werbiirg.Cheaiur, W' 

eeiiter,and Kvetiliuni,\Vorceiitershire. I 

at her iiistigulion, cranti^d to iDunattoriei 

■undrv Imid* which had be^n alienated ftoa 

ohitrcn nst^-t. A petition fromtiodiva toPojis 

Victor (1055 ") is ijiren by Kemble, wno 

marks it doubtful, hnd awignn it to lOltO-Q, 

llorfaineasu religious foundress bus 

' eclipsed by the storv of her Coventry 

around which legi-nJ hufi fW-elyprowti. 01 

Jecliou has been taken to the whole sioiy 

the ground that in Oodiva's timo tliare 

I 110 'city* of Coventrv. The ftiniplest _ 

appantully the oldest form of the namtiYe 

1 given by iiogiT of W«ndover, whow; ' tlcires 

come down to within two years of hi-t deati 

ffi May 1237), but who is dependent op ta 

llfi'l (or perhaps 1 18?^) on tlif wori w an 

unknown earlier writer, Roprr nqveamts 

' Godiva as bejfffing the release of the ' "Ha; 

, of Coventry from n h^-rtvy bondage of t "*" 

Lcofrii: replied, 'Mount yoiir liorse nalt- 

I and puss through the markc.-t of lh« rilllfi 

from oii« fiid to lh« oihor, when the pm}i(s 

are u*senibled. and on your rtrnm you »hill 

I obtain what you ask.' Accordingly Godi' 

, ultuuded by two soldiers, rode thnmah I 

I raarkel-place, her long hair down, so that 

lone savr her. 'apparmilibus tTUribiis lsin<^D 

, candtdisMmiH.' i.t'ofnc, struck with admr- 

ration, granted the release bv charier. 

chronicle ascriWd to John nrompton [a, 

of the lnt« foiirtt^.nth century givea ■ fin 

account, omitfi the escort sod the market, 

asserts without qualilication that no one 



m 



Godiva 37 0>if-.-i 

her. Mattfaf w of Wc«tmiiuier. whoiK t^^iilf 'ZJt^L i:i~ i^r^- zj.—l-.--. :i -i.- 

extendlol30r.conibiDrsthrIiiiru»jT:i:ie— ■■i>~rT.X».-. : — — *--. ._- - r _- 

two ftccoum*, but •tiil'.itclr? rh* ^^o-:r. i^i driz. i.-- Llt— -_ --^■■_i.-r 

makes a mirkcltfof 'ittiiva's :=.-niL* .li-T Hr :-zr-- :- ~' >.'-' i- t-- -^ 

first apeak* of achartrr iTi-T-i V~L<f^; "" "t_?"-l- -" — .'_; ^ -.-^- 

the'citj-.'KalphHizdc::;^.!;^; .:':::■— t-^:t 7i^---- tl:::^- _-_:__-■:, = 

Hi^nry ofKnifrliton. ^Tr^:- "iIt*: 77 t r-t^-^ - .i.-i i :.-- : -— ■_ -_- :_ ..-- 

wenfftifP.gftt-hifhf^^-ni.- :^: T-i ^ ^ •">' T' •:,:-.--.'_■ z^- " "- . :._. 

Ltofric, in con-je'iu-nc*- :: "ir rl:-. rr-i-i Lr ^i"* -■-r. ■„_ -•: - ^-- - - -. 

city of (.'ovriiTrTtrf.m ill t:ll ri>;- -i-L- - ^: j: ;._ — jl ■. t .; - 

borws. It i* po^rlble "h.i" ':z -r— ::i--iT ^- l;-^:- ^ :i ■ - ..-j.- ',.... 

terpreiatinn lia.* iMzz~.r'T'. "ir *il_i: .■ 'l.- -i_"^ -;^- - ._ __ . _- 

•Percy Folio' I about i'J.v.' .i- ri.-r" -i_-^ "^-r- -. — - . -.- :.. 

Coventrvwiii alreadv r'rTT -I -tT .r =. .- 7"-: i - -if-:: t ~ ■ ■ ■ - 

toll, this ballad tr^: L^r=-.' :.* -:.„■.. --—,■=, „--■-■ : - -.- . 

ord'.T that all pf-r«:n.- jLiil; k-r:: ~'i:l 

doors and sluit thrir -rl-f -ari. l:: i i^-:l- ' ~1~ " - . 

tbat ' no p?rs..n -ii'^ Lvr ^r:^.' T'^f ■ :- :-7- 

son di*oi>e_v.^i iLc- ■.-rd-r ir^-* : > -n- ---";- - .' - ' - "■ ■ - - 

rtatMl bv ILxi'in >l~'-'^ . Ji^ . .z. }-."- i-.-i"-. - - -■ ■ -- -■ 

Hiir (K»i7, bk. iL.. -5^^- ■: -L' - — ---.---_■ 

slaTe,* and hints a~ Li- : .r..-:.^-^.': " .— ^-'-- — ' 

of si^rht: P(-nnar.- . iT~i- ■■■-' - -'— -■ ---; ■ --• ■ ■ 

tnylor.' Th':^ diiet * ^•~: .:_■ 7 i;.' t . s.- - " -t - 

Fn^man ob-rr^T-. r-'.ul : ^.l^Li--: -il ■..-■: - : ■ . - i 

to 'one ot* kirM^ Ea;Tj:l'r ?>-::;::--,. -■- — i-- - -■ - _ ■ 

CUM in th-i city mo: ■^.•* .-11.":..--:. " ■ .'1- - " ' " - 

»h<:nanewwijar:::"rr-l::i...--T-rr • .;,-. --. ' -'- ■ 

for Iiii efli^rv. P> 1-r .- '— :" — "-r '.--•-- -'' ' 

tleman'g ifajazic-.' • j- ■-i"-7 "-•: — : I.^ -"■' - -. - . , 

the last century. 'il-rVTr:'.* —'.:-. :.--"-.•. . : ■ — _ ■ . . 

which makr-^ "h* y^'.-rZ "i ~' — '. ".-. ■""■'- 

count*:*?," nAic-i A.fi-r - .-. ■'s-- u- : ■ : ■ 

The rationa'-:--:.; :=,*r.-T--"i- r. --■■■.--. ■-■■.■. ■. -- . -, ^ 

ton and othtr*. r-f-rrlr.j "1 ..- -..-i - ----- ^. ■ .;.. ...-■-. 

pinp htrrtlf ' t j V--i: ■;.- -. ..- ■.. .- r i ■'■-'- ' ■ ^ 

place, f->r tb^ ch :r.l. r^ 7,-. :, -:..r.i ■■;- "" ■- - . . ■ , 

ride, Aj: tK* -•■-y > .1:-.- ■ .i-. •■.^-.~-. ■-=■■' - - 

?laysof C-.TriiTTy. > > .:.:. -.-j- -, - ..-- ■■ '--'■' 

'onwayV t'i2r-?-::r. Ti.1- ■■-.;-- i, .:.-,- - "■ "^ ■■ : ■■ 

mixed iip w;-h • i->-.i K-r' r.-.--a.---; -j, " ^ -■ ■- v - ■ 

the tale maycr.'^lr. i.'-.-.-r:.-, -i-r:'.. ?■.- •■'• '- . - -■ 

mnnMgtvry -x -'. ■ i--rv;: s ::;i.-i*- --- t^- - -■ 

dible thii: 'j-j-ilvi. i^ i-r rr_^-. _• -.;-. - " - . ■ - 

acceptcda cit:.";.:..=L-:i-_- • ^-^ jii:- — - i ";,-.-.- ■ 

in order to p?'.l-rv- -pi:. .- -rii-n .—■ - r ■.- ■ ■ — ■- 

the villa'iB&"'H?7' 5 . I'.-i-- - * -•- ,-■- .".,--- 

(Pa/y-O/Ai-vt. Kl:;. il.l. j-.-t --.- .7. .- - ■ ■.- "- • ■- 

epiwie. Tb- a-i-.z^^::- :'.- u -.r'- .-• - - — " ; - -. - 

tne Saxon ci.Tr.-::,;l-7 -r"i- -. " - - -.---.■ -. "■ . . - - ■ 

her at all.. 'trirrlL^- ".".-|.._. " 

Malmefburi'. Ii-rr.jy -:';::•.■ -;■: ;_■:- ■"■ - -■ > 

rose chrc-niol-r. •-::: '.:-r v----. - - - 
twrlftho-r.'i.— ■■ l.A- S i^- - :' .' ■■:■-.■-■- 

rence 'jf W r;— --r. -.:. : }. .-• - .":" -.•- ' - 

who ar^ fra-r" i„T. :-!■-, .v, --.-:- - -.-. - > .■ ■ 

and th- *»— - :'!.=■. i. .--."- v. .,.-.. 

tomv r.-f ':'••: 7: -zz.-'-- -^ -•:■'. . ■ ■ - 

racle may Lit- ■.■-,••■.■--. - -. 

Hali>3 i*:r* h n:~7iz.:-. ■: -:.-■. '- -r- -:• -■....■ 



Godkin 



38 



Ciodlcy 



WiUiam of MolnaMbuiy, OttUtt nAgnm (Rollj 
&«r.). i- IS&U, Mid UeaU PbtitiRcutn (Roils 
B*r.), >09-U; Sog«r of Horeden (Roll* Scr.). 
«d. SittbiM, i. 108 : B()g«r of WMi(loT>>^'fl FIofm 
Hiatoriarmn, od. Coxo. I8ll (Eci;!. Uini. Sw,). 
i. 487; John of KroDiptaD in Twjadeu'a Hift. 
Anglic. H^i""- !'«*«'"'■ 'B*''!. I'- '*'*' ■ Mfttthfw 
of WwUniorter, nl. 1601. i). 21C -i.j , ni. 1570. 
p. 433 eq. ; Itnlph Hiffden (Itolls S«r.J. ril. ISTO. 
Tii. 198; Hniirj of lUiigUUiB tHoII« fcr.), 1. J3- 
41 ; Joiinof Putcrbwouffh.wl. 'ril»», 1S4A, p. *»; 
Juho of Tpimoiith, in Perv-j- Falii>. J8«B. p. 511 ; 
Wnltrrof CoviM]lrv(llulNScr),(.i!.Sml-l.n. IM72. 
i.T2; Knuble's Co'de>^I>ii>I(>n>'<ii<'"". 1846 (HogL 
Ilitt. Biw.). iv. 128, lUS ; Hid. Eccl«ii. Ivlit'iibiis. in 
a«]«, I691.ui.403.cf. Ub(TKll*iist!.,«i.SieirMrt, 
I8I8; RyhcD Pwnpfwh (Henry P(!acluim,jiiii.). 
Illalogu«bctVD*ntlieCro«»viiiCltGiipitDJCh4nng 
CtVNV, 1641; Uiigdntc'» War wii'JcB hire. 16AB, p. 
W iHi., ed. Thomiui, 1730, p. 13.1 mj. ; Du^aIo's 
Bimnage, 1675, i. Q *r\. ; VagiiClii's iloDftiliroa, 
«d. CalHT. Ellin, nixl Itittidiiial, lB21.iii. I *q.. 
IT7Bq.; Kvwi8i.0Mll<.nad«, 172Q.ii.34; lUpin'. 
HiBL of England. 1732.1. ISA; How Ovvciiirj 
wu mad* frog by Oodiika, CqudIcm of C:iic<(Ur 
(broadtliHt bsUad, Ibani Kvana, Citntrrbur/ 
11780). RHtfKh MtiMiim C. SO. c. 4l (14); Puu- 
nuiiL'* Jnurany frum Cheater to l^nd.m. 1782, 
p. 180; M.H, Conway in Harppr's.MonililjMaK. 
1869. xxKiii. 62.i sq.; Pewy rolif, «(L E^ei^aiid 
Furaivull, IHGB, iii. 473 »({.; Ftfi-iMa'a BlBt. 
Nwmian Cououert, 1888, ti- 1B71, iv. ; Poole'i 
C(iv*nlrv. ita IlisL and Amiq. 187" ; Biufgew'* 
Hi«lijri«'WB-ririrk«liiro [1876]. p. 75 t^.; King 
Ettdwurd'n Clinrtir to Ootouiit MurinitPry. wl. 
Rin-h. 1 KR9 ; rollpciionB nlnliiiK tu Lwly Godiva. 
iu Ffm Public Lilimry, L'ovon(ry; estnfitiifroii) 
DftcuKcririt cUy S.[iliu.La, Coventry, per W. O. 
l'r*HCMi. F.S.A; pj(tT»ft» from tne mnauEcript 
labw Elicnwis in tho cuihcdml library, Ely, p«r 
iho R«T. J. H, Cfosby.] A. O. 

OODKIN, JAMKS (IKKMkTHI, writer 
oi) in-limil, vios born nl Ciorey. to. Wi'\fiir<l, 
in ](*06, Ordjiitti'd jjiislur i.>f a disseming 
conpn-Efltion wt .^riuiigh in 18!J4, lie after- 
wariU becamf a goneraT noissiouarj" to Itouian 
catholics, in connection with Ih*^ Imli Hvbd- 
ffL-licu) Sock-ly, ftnii in 1830 JMiKi ' A CLitlf 
from tb« Cbuivli of Itomv to tin? Chun-li of 
Christ.' In 1)^12 h.T piibliftbea 'Tlie Toiich- 
£tona of Ortlioddxy ' and 'ApostoLic Chrisli- 
unity, or lli*.- rtople's Antidote aj^In.M Pnaev- 
iam and llomtLnism.' H&viug written a prize 
«SBBy on f(.'J-;nili«ai in lW6('Thp Riglitc of 
IrHanil'), (toiJkin's connect inn with I hf Irish 
KvnnKtiliiutI Sucittycfawd, unti tw tiirned hie 
attontiiHi tojonrnaliitin. ProRfi-dingto Londiin 
inlM7,hfilwciiini'n louder wriuT for ppjviiififll 
joumaU, IrUh ond Sniti-h, mn] a contributor 
to reriswA and mB^ozInea. He pubHeliL'^l in 
ISIS'TheChurch Principle of 1 lit- N«vil>8t«. 
niont.' Ituturninef l<i Iri-Iimd ill I8-lfl,(indkin 
««abli;^b«;d iu Ik^llasi tb^ 'Christian Palriot.' 



rirla* ■ 



He aft«rn'Kr«lB bwuiuii> editor of thr • \tmf, 

Stundard/ and tln-n. rL-moring to DiiblJtl, M 
foritev«ml vvart livid tliv cbii-f vdilorial pott 
on the ' Daily ICxpn-ss.' \\'hik! i-ngaged 04 
this va^T hv ut^d tu> Dublin comieiKMi' 
for tlu: Ijondon 'Tiim-ui.' For thirty 
Oodkiu wae n cloinj siuduni of crery pi 
of l)ie Irikh (]iii'«tion. In I^W hv ttu 
active memlHr of the Irinh Teniuit 1j(u^u<(. 

Soinf of t.!odkiii'« nnlin|^ on eccleaia^ 
tiral nnd lund qitMtions had 11 Ifltuv in:' 
ence. Before ttie introduciiou of >lr. f»" 
iitone'*Iriftb legialatire moaaurv* in I be I Iuum 
of CoiUEnoiu Godkin u\ibli«hcd in vlnbontln 
tr^ntiN? on' Ireland btidlipr Ob iircli<M'(l< 
ndvot'aliue church equatilyend tenant 
rity for till- Iriuli phupU*. In ISiJH H 
kin, as spmal coromissioner of tho 'I 
TiniM,' tmvt^rsed ihu ^Dttcr part of tie* 
and porliiiDH of tbr Hiutli nf Irclnnd in onl 
to ascerUiin th(! feeling of tbti fariueni 
th« working clanSM on the land questi 
Thereaull of thejteinTeiitijjarioni* Hjiixyin^d i 
his work, 'The I^nd War iu Ire land ' ( 1870' 

In 1871 fiodi(in wrote, in conjunct ion wi' 
John A. Walker, 'Th« N-w llundbook 
Ireland.' and in 187U he publish*^ bia ' He] 
glouH lIii<tory of Imland ; Priniitivi>, Papa 
and I'rotcstant.' H» \vtu> aUo iUh author 
'Kt'lipon und Education in India.' and 
'lUuKlmtnd Iliittory of Knuiaud from 1 
to the Death of thf Prinfi- Consort.' On 
recommendntion of Mr. (iladstone the qu 
(■onfiTnJ ii'tHinition ontjudkin in 1873 (or hi 
literary merit and ser^'icw. Ho diwl in IfT 

[ItMiii'd Cnbiuct of lri*h LitBnitur«i Ward*! 
Men of lh« Beign ; GodkinV Works.] 

O. B. 8. 






dODLEY. JOHN ROBERT (181 4-1 861 

fiolitician, ehWl wm nf .Tcihn (tudlpy of 
uKar, CO. Leitrioi, wnH tmm in 1814. He 
KihicHli'il Hi Hanvtw, and at Christ Ch 
Oxfnrd,whereli.'|iv.we*Hk-dB.A,2"tiot.l83tf 
He wu aftemards called to the Kn^Utib bar, 
bnt pmclisi^ little, if at all. Helrai-eUwl 
(rnod deal. 'lA'Her* from .Voi'Tica' |2 TO 
1844) do»crib<Ml the impreiuions produced 
him bv a visit to ihnl eountiy. Ho 
lumi-d bis attcmirtn to nnloniiutian, pro 
ing to piirtiullv relipve the distrm* wBich 
thu iiap(.'ndin(; Irish fiimine was aoon to briaf 
on, hv the eujiafntiiin of one million of th« 
popufaliun to Canada. Tlie mrana nT^rn loha 
provided by In^lmid. Tbp ministry rejected 
I ho plan. Oodlev acied a.s ma^Mrotv, prand 
juror, and poor law guardian in his native 
ei>iHitv. for which bf "tood in the tonr inte- 
rest, out unftucce*sfiilly, in l&l". Oodlcy 
now bt-came intimate with Edward (libbon 
WBhctiehl, in whobu 'Thnuryof Colonisatiaitj 



ituiiioauam-^H 



Godmond 



39 



Godolphin 



be eordknr coMtmiwL Uku boinacT led b> 
tlie fijnjndJBg of Cutt<eriKUT. Xev Ze*lui^ . on 
> pUa dalxKated br Godkr. - wiiicb reqaired 
tut ample funds »hoaId be pp>Tid<Hi -z-^nx rd 
the proceeds <rf t he Und »Ies for tbe rsIifS'tfU 
and edocatioiul wmau of ch* axcmsshj 
sboat to be esublidied.* 

In December l^l9. tbe ttast 'jC bis b^^ 
foreiiie bnn lo Wye Eo^isad. be v^c: t.? 
T^ew Zealand, wbn^ be a: on^ 'mcuei!' in- 
terested in tokniial pi>IhK9 uki in :^ be 
no mrani floarisiiine *£Mh% ri CaCtni^Tr. 
Amidst manj difievItLe&. b*n wna clear b:pe 
for tbe fatnre. he ffuadrd Jbr «■:£&* 7*^*^ ^* 
' in&nt fixioae^' Hiii new of ecujaial s*- 
nagfanent be stated tK:*! bnelK ui>i es^&k- 
tioulT : * I wwild ratbfr be zo-reraed '^y k 
Nero on ibe fpoc tban br * bca^i -Y 4a?»ij 
in LondoB. becaaee v? coiud. d '^ vtor 
cane to the vrmtT ^^ -j<f Xer>'» bi!»i. W: 
we ci3ttld not sec ar rbt bear: is L<:ci^:tL 
»t «11 • ( JtfflMb-: PL 1 ^ L H^ kf: i-x r-r*m- 
^ Dec 1n>±. On hit KCtEB ^ wu u- 
pointed to a t-Tmiwfviifti'r-h^ zi iai^r-or* ^lk 
m Ireland. TbeneelutwHE: ^^ic^wlt ri&^E. 
aadwaaasBstaat ander^-wcT'Karya: "vi; la^er 
tbe woctamhipa of Lord P*---n-T-a f^itaitf^ 
Fed, aid I^ird H-erfK-:. H^ f^ ts G:.:a^ 
ewter Flaee^ Pttrtwaa Si^iax*. 17 N-t. I?«EI. 
He married Cbar^x^e. iuexMr ^^ C G. 
Nvue. eo^ of Vodas. XfvaJa^sA!^^ Hjt 
d&eet Km, John Ar:b^i2' 0:<If!7-. a^eamit >!£-- 
manent ander-MCvCarr <3f sca:e J:r Ijt£a izt 

Besdee tbe wiTcfc ^ffa^Jrnwi Go(ijnwr:u .- 
* OfaMmtioaa OB an tise. PxrLaw' In^ 
Gn. 1647't. A ccieeccn fr-^a kid -m-rz^niXi 
mad g f ttehe* . with » pnmah aaf seauic 
editea br J. E. Fhjz^aJi. was nsLdOidi ir 
Cbristduscb. New ^-"■**-* ia . ^ISS. 

[McmvT above ;«fa? w; ^ 
Gndntca. IftM-I^*L sl MS : • 
«•mb«rlMl.^CS«: BrL Ka 

aoDM03nxcHKi?roPH£E _«:?*;■ . 

dramatist, was tfe fca -.f hmie 'Vjiar.iii: 
(dl lti09>, one il'^ rjon zi Hbr:iL 'I'AnJM- 
dnL He lired a: Tan»» ^i^uat in cLsr.a. 
Lopdtm, Lee is Kes:. ami T«t^uu^iiri. ^ 
J>eT<mihinL '!•> 9 Asc I?t>fc ie 3iaz7:i«i 
Harr. i Lli iir ■**^g**-f (^^ J'.aa 'CoCliai'.tL i^ 
Gjarel Laae. sooinariL im* iv ik^ Jut?. 
wbo £ed on 13 F*b. 1^1-L 3fl>t a iuipr.^ 
1 <?ea/, Jf«y-v;L Lxxrr.pc iL 3. '•2,T-.i_ t ? ■ ■ 
M. L p. ?r->-. H* ■»« -iirtr-^F.-^-l. a 
30 N<nr. 1*37 . *. Mw »«■. :x r . *,nr T-b* 
declared a df&sI'Mr :c I > Asrl . T>S'f j^t 
was antlkar 'jf : 1. ■K-ijar.cr -.f Tii^rr: Him^i^. 
tbe ancien: taifiz^ '.€ i5t> X'f:3^ ^ -1.1. 
also a diirc(ir»t -.ii ^i* P-.rroa I1 l* -t .-^>»l-. 
with . . . noua.' ?Ti.L-.Bra;n. l-W*".. X TV 



Cac rf '.TcSirt 
F-TT-T. 



CaKpaizn cf lS(r*. ^eoiiz^ wrb tbe banle of 
C;^*:^ : an tisC^rfeal iraaa. in fre acu 'sad 
^ T«^e\ wirt txrs ar-i meoicirf <rf wme 
■:-f ihti . . . c£Ar*ir:e« -i ;i>* drama.' »to. !>»• 
iaulS^. 3. • \'^;>iC2.5, Prinor of Mantoa; 
?r. tL> iNa:^ :^ CrlclTi^n. a tra^ d»aia. in 
Stt aess. .\l*i -b* 'm.-.'S.* of Cr>=C7. an his- 
T--.;ial in=iA in ±ir iir,* ; ir-hh a BersAir of 
lis* Caacjaiffi* ^f Iji-»*H :z/* "H^iH in tlw 
T-ea^ I;V*5^ lil'X tc; 1^7. a=ii a lie&nre of 
ils ^.cii^irr, i^ E.is--j£ft ^:. P.-^tt^ -.ttii* *"ir- 
r?Eia»r rif Calais.' 3 ^-*.- ^t:, yr^-jA f-Ttbe 
ac^:r- Iv.ai.c- iT+.'-Vi-CJ. 

T 'r>3w< i j^j> -.;' "^'ji-iTT Y ■L':a:-iagi«. IM9; 
';-«=. Xar. T-]i. j3=L, jr. :^ j. *i''>/ O. G. 

GODOLPHI5. FS-tNCLS, *«r.&f Eaix 

I i. 1. . ■"■»* 'a;ci ii "yi."*aal!. Lf^oi^A. 'm 
-. >rer. I'"*, uii '.asriieil 'a* ta2it iar. His 






■'.E. 



^'-.J-Aa 



V - 



. ■•rt-^ 3j*r h'jk ;^';3:ar* ae- 
■.••-t..^-j^t-* -:rtz^.-:rT^. 1.* fr.»ts^^»iJp v. her 

£ r . ' * ' x ■-. axat ■r^.aij*. F-icc.--* ''/v^jia&ia 
■■■M «:.u»r^ ».- Eir.r. ta»; 1.-. K.ir'« Cou^^^ 

Casi.irjij*. Tiiir* itt "■->•,« bjt )^A, -i^ar^it 
ia irx. H-^ irw jf.'lj* ijc^.iaraj^i:: wi« 

:b. f!"' * im* I<r^. Tij-.i Jirt ij-i«i -tiSt Jut, 
'.TlfT, "<■■■■•"- f L.*-, -iK jLiiw -y -.«»^ '-f '.jus 
otCtts* Y "iu^ *a.;i:iyj -j^ i^*n '.-^^f^i I'fA. 

" a 1 l^s. 17'.1, v.- '.c I F*bt, 

i:c'jar ^.u^^^.-u^oi^-u.. iZ ''^^. 17.0. Am 
•.TiEtS"? :{ -i* irjmr-ai-.'i; irt *m .a '.fl«w 
i-.m ir'^t " . .7'. .. i-iii t.'.'^ ** j-,r^ »vri^« 
■Y -JK r.t33ar>:^. x-i*-. '-/'ifWtrL .i -iw 4.1/^7 
■Y "lex-^iJ, fcv; ,-i>r «i; 31*^.^ i-.r-j-s^r 'X 
I*ir:miv,r i— ,m 17 X- ir>*, Wm-wvi xm.'wa 
Tmit^ -zatt '--.iir-^T rr^* -,f '* j«^-i.-.* kla.V« 
fnm. if !.•>•_ I'l^i -... 17,2. ii.' tc. 4-.^ -ij* 
TruinTT -f ■'.'zi-.ri i-vn 17''>r -■, ,7.''^ tad 

lar.l it? -will »rjt-: i.'-»f: " ■- * i»? 'y?*^ .v.>w« an 
^p^-jioii ?!»?•. -.■i 'j^>i-.' jr..i -.n ■.-.»: -^sira 'A 
iiA iiTJiff '.tt IT Sw""- ,7l2 H-i ^w t^ttttt 
rr.&r»r 'Y -j»^ ii-,iih>«/-.i.-: 17,V2:^, j'.f-t- 
_t^ir,aaar •/ -.it^ ■-.■i-.'.: 7 A ' rit:"'. .7.i- 
1~1.7 .-.r-: \i ■-„. >?::i-- .:tai.Vtr , 'r-f,Tt^. f 
.'.-. i. r; •■-• vu— . ■/ ,^,nvi.'7 '.■f t.vi » 



jr"7 V .i.'j-.^ r jy; ^.17 ,;j;;, ; . ''/>/.py ff 

1J» T ».. JT"'."!! JT ■•;..■»? i.'.r; ■',.->^ .,■"', ;i 

luTi ---■«■ I,-: -,>' •' r^t.'..*-;* -f If*,".:. .'^. 



Tl. 



_'ia.iiK. 



,1 



jM. 



it. .Vt VVit 



Godolphin 



40 



Godolphin 



crMt«d UaiDnQodolpliia of Ueletoa in Com- 
wait, wil.h special remainder, in default of bin 
nwa it»w>, to th>^ hfiiv malt? of hi« dnrcAMd 
iincl>>, I'r. Henry Godolpbin [^q. v.], deiin of 
St. I'tuTa. During tlio king's nliSi^nco irois 
(irvat Itriiaiu Jii 17:J3, 1725, uud 17:^7 bo a«tvJ 
IIS ontf ftf th(? Innls janticftflof tiie L'nited King'- 
dom. I'iiiallv, as lord privr sba\, Ik* wiu in 
Olficf fmiti 1 4Sluj- 17;ir>tol!:>'Aiiril 1740. Thrt 
pocket boraugli nf HolHton, not far fmm his 
uiMfftnl bomo, Oodolptiin noas«, was under 
bis patmno^ for many y«Ani, utd sent bia 
iioiiuD(>«8 to puli&meiit. In return for tbu 
cuni (duisance ite rrbuill Ilflaton Church in 
174i:i,ut uii oxpukw of O/XK)/., and it wa* also 
bUcuatoRttopay tlieratea aiid taxa* for nH tbe 
cWt^rein tbubofDUgh. It maaiil that lioonly 
nwdtwd wdrk*, Hunn-i'.i'Hii'tiirv (ifliiBowii 
Time ■ iind CoUcj- Cibbfr's ' Apology,' When 
liti had |M.TmH'd thum thrnughuut he bu^nn 
th'.-ia attain. Hi' ilii^ mi 17 Jnn. 1706, and 
vne buried iu Kt'Dsio^tnn Cbnri-h on 26 Jan., 
whrn tlm ■■arliidm tif CtniMyhm, vir-cflutily 
of Kiahon, and Ijarony of Oooolpllin nf lUol- 
ton beoinm pxtintt; but (he barony of Ciodol- 

Jbin of Ht'lxtf.ii devolviil upon bis oou«tn 
>'ranciii Godolplun, who became tlie second 
Bikron t!i>Jo1phin nf Heist on. 

Godolphin murriud, in March 1(198, Lad v 
Henrietta, clde*t tiaiij-hter of .lohnLTturt-hill, 
till' first duk« fif MiirUKintiigh. Sln> was lH»rn 
30 July, "^fid lifiplimil At St. Mll^1in'e-in-lln^- 
Fielda,' London, L>i)Jnly lfi«!. Onth^dijitli of 
hw father. 16. 1 line 17-J'2, *lie becam*' Ducbes» 
of Mnrllmrmiifh, and dying '24 Oct, 17:11 wna 
biiriad in Wi'etiHinsii-r.^hlwyonPXfiv. Sho 
BcuTiin-d Hindi notoriety bv her attachment 
lo Willinm ConprMo, ific JramutUt [q. v.] 

lKv«lyu'»Ciary(l852),ii. 323. 124. 12«,22.5. 
iW.3.W. 369; Gninger'n Bioe. llii>t. (Snb)e'it 
eoiititiuAtion), iii. 42; Dityle'o fiarnnngo (IRH6), 
ii. 33-4, with purtniit; Ji^hii Tayl<,ir'» Itpcuniii 
of my Life (1832). i. 7o-7 ; Lti^/s Kttin t:oIte([c 
(187A), I'p. 325, SAG; Boi»*«aii5 Courliiev'i. Bibl. 
Cornab. pp, 177. U&f>. ml.] 0.'(;. 1). 

GODOLPHIN, HCNKY (1618 173.U 

{■rovosrt .if Kliin and dt-an of St. Paul'M, 
ourth hcm of Sir Kranci:' Godolphin, and 
younevr brother of Sidney, first nurl of 
uodolphiii [(1. V,], by Donilhy. sei^ond daiif^h- 
t»r of Sir Hvnry Dirrli>.-h'y uf Yarlington, 
Someraelshire, was boro at ( nMlolphin H<miw. 
Cornwall, on I-j.^wg. I'W?, bapii*^nt Bn'ajre 
:;0 Xnff., and admitted at Krim S Oct. lliOri. 
Hf uinlriL-uIated from Wjidhnin Oo1l(>g*, Ox- 
ford, 30 Auy. ]fiB4.nnd Inolc hi? B.A. in KKJS. 
In the .intnt? yPBr ]ii' wnc i-Uot<yl n fillow of 
Al ISoHN.wht-nc":' he proceeded M. A, 1872, and 
n.D.ond D.n. 11 .Tiilv ^f^^i6. H« wa« tnatU 
a fellow of Eton College 14 April 1677, and 




I 



in obedience to aroyal mandate watinonunalMi 
pmvrMttof thpco!h-CL' 160ct. IttOd, andimrf 
tuti^l '■¥} Oct. At Ktoa he ve%f a considttrabb 
benefactor to the school, contributing in 1700 
LOUO/. towards the expanse of alteriof; tho 
chapel, andurecliniial uJii own covl n <.vp; 
atntoo of the founder, Ilenrv VI, in r 
schoolyard. Ui> was numinate^Snualiog 
bendiiry of St. Paiil's, Ijomlfm, l.t Not. 1 
holding the prebend till bis dercaae. Xtt^ 
the dmth of Jh-. Williiim Shcrloclt he wm 
elected dnan of 8t. l>aiil>, 14 July 1707, 
and inslallod on l«t July, but residing Un 
dcanpiy in October 172fi, hr rirlumed to t)M 
duties of the prorocrtfihip of Eton, a poiitiod 
much b(-tt«r suited to hia abilities luid tern- 
perameni, Vxxnag his ivnun of ofliou at dl. 
Panrs he bad ffreatly thwarted Sir Vlint- 
t«phi'r Wrt-n in iiiii efforts to encta«uit» 
calhfdra). In 1730 ho gtvo lo ibe otv 
Sali^buTT certain moneys, then VMtaa 
foroi^ funds, io be applied to t be oducaUon 
eight voung gi?nf h-wwm-n wlnmu nnTimlH * 
longed ti> the diurch of Knjrlnnd. This monej', 
after iiopif- dtlny, vtM rcmittetl to Kngland, 
but the bnainesfi wan thrown itiln rbaorvrf. 
and it wa» not until I7ytf Ihal the charit. 
could bnect&bltsbed(Ho.kHE. Wiltthitf, 1 
vi. 516, 633, 630, ««». Jlr. Willym _ 
vici'-prOTOst of King's College, Cambridge, il 
172i brought out u new trunslatinn of 'Finj 
tation of t'hrial, by nionuia ii Kempis, 
bfjuks. together with hi.^ rbree tabernoclea 
Poverty, Huniiiity, iind Patience.' This woi% 
waa originally dpdirat*>d lo ' Dr. Godolphin, 

firovost of Klon.' but when Willyniotl 
«Utl tlint (if^olphin liad abused the fell 
of (bat college, the dedication wa? rnn^pUi 
mid it was 'dedicated to the BuBcr^ra bv 
SouthSfJi schiMnp.' Godnlphin died at Vt'i 
sf>r, 'Jy Jan. \l'6t-'i. nud was burivd in Kl 
Chanirl, leaving by will many valunble 
to tile colh-g*-. f^uoif leltvrs from btm 
membLTs of bin fnmilv am in Urit. 31l 
Addit M8, JS0r>2. (T. l>-25. 

lie married Mary, dauahlvr of Ook 
Sidnw. son of .lobn Godolphin fq. v.]; 
died .'!o Jiinn 174.1. Hi* son,8ir Franciei 
dolpliin, suf^^eederl his AOUAin Fr«iici* [o. ' 
BJi iwcond llnrcin Godolpliin of Helstonin 17( 
but dj-ing in 17f*5 the title became extinct. 
His daughter Mary marriiHl Williatn Owi 
vsq., of PorkingtOR. 

[Evelyn's Diury {18fi2), ii. 135. 195. 274. Si!, 
Nichols'ii Liffmrj- Aniwloti-s. i. 237, 69L 70ft, iir 
fl01,v.98,Tiit.S9I; Miliiii>D'«Atiiialsof 3t, PWttlB, 
(ISSf), pp. 436, 458; Croof^'a McGwirB 
ninns (1876). pp. '2.^Z-6; iJjU>'» Klon 
(lETS], pp.770. 'Z^i, 2K7; Boom and Oa 
I)ibliolti«iii CurtitiVieiisis, pp. 178. 1109; Bo: 
Collectanea C(»rnubi«nMa. p. 283.] O, C, B. 



1 



UODOLPHIK. JllHN (1017-1678), ci- 
rilisB, MVond eon (hy Judiih 3Itrn;dithl of{ 
Mux nnlolniuu, whti wm» vwinarT hrotLrr 
nf Skr WiUUn Oodnlphm' (d. 161.1), «u ' 
born ftt Scillr. 30 Xur. 1617. Up b«>cunr ■ 
eeauDoacr i^ OtoucMt«r Ilall | iiA<>rir»Rl8 
WoRcsto- CoQue), Oxford, in ihi- Miclt8«l- 
■■• h(iH nf |(Bn ; iliitinnni^h'^l hinimlf in 
tli» itu^v iif ^hilwKvphr, l>i|i;ir, ui'l tlio ci^'il 
kw ; mdiuitf .1 M IVC!l,. in 163B and D.C.L, 
ia ItfiA. II» tonk tL(! puriiAii sid^, and on 
BO JoIt IVb^ wu> ■ppuitiit.tl jiH%e of thv 
•duii&ujr, witii WiUiftm I'lnrhc nnd Charles 
OM»rC«ck. AfterL1uln;'»dtfB(iiCnid'.il[tliiii 
kad &)e]( wrav maiipoini'-d iu Jultf 1)599 Ui 
kold iW tmaK office until 10 Vvc. foUovin^. 
Vf>n the R««tnnt>iin Iw tiif*m« nof of ihc 
V.s^'* ftdTottln, rli'iiigli ItU name does nnt 
u»f«r OB tbv reffialer. He died ' bi or near 
HmC Scnwt,' 1 April 167^, itnd WM buriod 
in CktkenwfU Cltunli. He iviu four times 
AIRMd,«Dd had b^ bis ftnt wift< u »on, Sidiiev, 
wbo WIS ^T<rni')r ufrieill;, aiMl wtiuM dkugu> 
tvr yiftry niKmod Henry (Jodotpliin, provost 
of Ei'iii 'q. T.I 

CliKlol|ibm irro1)> thr f»ll<jwin){ bucika upon 
b« uul dhrinilv, which bk drj, though u- 
wmtJy iMnted RtetrMtx: I. 'Tbo Htdy 
liBhee, or «a Extnetina of The Spirit from 
tlw l^utr of certain emioentplaces in the 
Haly8cnpiurv.'l(V>li. *Then<dTLiml>Bck, 
ttr ■ finu-Onlaiy of Spiritunl Extnu?lton,' 
Ac., u tb« wiue Iwok with tillv Klit-nxl. 
a *Th» Koljr Arbor, Ciiiiiainin^ & Ilodv of' 
IMnartr. . . . CoUecl«Kl from many Oiiho- ' 
drtX I«iEio«wni in the Lnnl'v Vin>-jnnl,' inTil. , 
\ * liwmafMf duXibrcruit. a view of the Admi- . 
fkl Jariwlirlion . . .' HUM nnd ltI8C (appendix I 
h»M k list of Innl high nduinlii &A<!r 8p<<l- ^ 
mui, aixt on e^Ttrnct from the aocictit Uwi ' 
eC OJemn, tranBtktcil from Qirnu aiias I't-t- 
cud). 4. 'Tfav OrptwD't Lc^ncf, or a Tv»- 1 
tsa«Mai7 Abndfiemt^t ' (la thrra parte, on i 
villt, «tMat(a«, and l(nnrii«), 16^4, l(t77. ' 
1Q8B^ 1701. A. ' l!«p»rt.iriinu Cuionirum, ' 
or ■■ AMdfpnamt of tiie Ecclesiastical Laws 
ttthm R*«1n onneurtvni with tho TvmponV 
147e, ICH». ItVC. 'Iawo, OrdinaDCM, wid 
ljMtitalioa« of til-; A'lmimllj' of Or««t Bri- 
t&lA.* I71h amt 1747, id not, 04 »lAt<'d bj 
Watt (ihlf. Urir). a rc]rrioi of No. 3. 

[^Wood*! Alluinw (miM). Iii. 115J-^i Cooto'a 
E^bah Uirilian., p. »l ; EclHud'a H'un. of Ew- 
laaa <iriBt. ti>. MOi Ba«M and CourtMj'a 
tSUL CamaK] 

OODOLFHIN, .Mm. MARfJ.XUET 

ClOa^'ltD^i, friend of F.\Aya. bom 2 Au^. 
lOBI, woe dnui;bN>r nf ThotDiM Itlo^sie of 
BflTBtn^hokth, Kiitfiilk (a myali«t colonel, 
■adgwmoT of WalliDgfbrd, who on the Kb- 



Btorvtion becanw gnrvmor of Vami"uth and 
Laiidgnard Fort>, by Marv, daug;ht«r of Sir 
Kogn- North of MitdeoLall. Her father di«d 
UNoT. 1<Mi. HehodoeconpaniAdtheaKvond 
Dolie of Ifuddn^hom a bia e*Cttpe aft«r the 
baiti<> of Woreoater. Marguel Blogge woa 
entruated when Tcir^oungto Raddo^i&i'ii 
aist«r, wife of the Uurd Duke of RicoiDoad, 
then in France, who tnoBfemd her to th^ 
core of liuckia^ham'i fint cou»in, Eliial?«th, 
countess of (f oilford. The counteu, though 
a *l>y^>tt prot«lites«e,' could not pureuide 
the child to ffo la maM. <>n l\u: Kniitnratina 
she rvl unuKl to ber mother in England, and 
about 1066 becnuiM maid of hoaoar to tbe 
DucbeM of York (Anne Hrde). Sheatimded 
the diichem iu h«r Inst ilfn^M, and upon her 
death (SI March lfi7I )l>*K»me maid otnonour 
to the queen. One of her componioua, Ann^ 
Hownnl , ^aoddanahter of t he nnt E^rl Tlerh- 
ihire tofterwnrdd Lady Sylviud), introduced 
her to John Evvlyn. She became BlronglT 
uioebod to him, L'avu him u di.-c1aration of 
'inviolable &ieiid»hip' in writing (aii^Hl 
16 Oct. 1672), and evurafkerwardsconsii^red 
h«i*idfa«bi«adopt«ddaiigfit*ir. Shervmlvod 
soon aft«rwmrdB to Imvo the court, and went 
to Uto with Lsidy Berkeley, wife of John, 
lord Berkflley of Stmiton. liord Rorfci-l.'y"* 
brother, afterwards second Viscount Fitz- 
bardioGC, had marrii^! the nuut of Sidney 
Godolpiiin, nftorwards first carl 'q. v.] (it*- 
dolphin had lung bv>.-ii MurKant'B lovvr, al- 
though there were difficulties in tlio way nf 
their moiriuv, dticAy, according i<> her oc- 
rounl, from tiiM ahanrption in buMnvM, which 
made the retir^id Wff. which elte (and he, M 
she says) desired iiDp«K>ib!". Khc wished at 
one time to ji^to Hrri-furd, to livn under the 
direction of I lie deou, her 'spiritual father/ 
On 15 I><;c. IH74 sliowns induo.-d to appear u 
court (o act in Crowm-'s ' Caiiitto.' She wot 
'Diana, goddess of c!iafiiity,'otlit>rparts being 

ferfonn-d by lh« Prii»-eA6t?s Mary and Ann**, 
jndy Wi'ulwortli, nnd filanib JmininirH, nfit-r- 
warns I)iichB-3 nf Mnrlh^roujrh. hho was 
coTotvd «itli jfwelswortb ifO.OOO/,, nnd 'per- 
formed tha principal part to admirulJon.' 

After much hesitation she wof privately 
married 1o Godolphin ItJ May Il:t7& by Dr. 
Lake. She atUl lived with Iho Burkoleya, 
and accompanied them ou Lord IWkrlny'it 
embassy to Porta at tho end of the ytvir, 
Bhe returned in the following April, when 
fapr mnrriapi wiw acknowl^dped. and in the 
nutumu sliv e(.>tlk<d with hvr husband in 
Keotlaiid Yard, Whitehall. On 3S.-pt.lfiTH»ho 
gave birth to a son, FraucutTq. v.], afterwards 
aoonnit iiart Godolphin, took ii f>'vvr, anddi<-d 
Sept. following. ShewasburinlatBrfa^^ 
Cornwall, on the lUth fnllowiDg, Evelyn 



N 



i 



Godolphin 



4» 



Godolphin 



aooD afterward* addreased as account of her 
lifo to tbetr common frii-nd, L*dv iijlTiiu. 
He quotes mniiv urii(.>i )>aptir8,aad deMribM 
her beauty, talcuU, und virtuM, her deep rcli- 
gioiu convictiune, her cliarity lo lliv y >or, b(.T 
metbodical luniilnviDeDt of Iter tiiuef and bcr 
olnervuioe of lul mt duties. .Mtliuugh eome 
allowuice should t>i'rbap« bo iniule for his 
pious cnthtiflitutm, there cui be no doubl tbui 
ner oobility and purity of life form a striking 
contnsl to the chanict'^nKtics of tbe cnurLiers 
gencTftlly kn'>wii by the meoioire of Gmm- 
Diont. 

[Erelyn'fi tnaniismpt oams into Ehs hands of 
bU fi;r«at-grefil-|:;raiid»oD, E. V. llarei^urU arcli' 
bisbop of York, by whom it inm ontrnnUid for 
publietlion ta j^iimocl Wilhorforaf, bishop of 
Oxford. It vas dm pn)ili«bnl liy him in IHil, 
vitb nE«fiU DotfiK by John Holmci of tb« Britivli 
Hawatn. SeealM Krclyn'n Dinry.] h. S. 

GODOLPHIN, smNEY (lClO-1043), 
.{KHil, mi'coikI hoh (if Sir Williiim llodoljihin 
(d. 1613) of (todaljihin, ('ornwall, bv biE 
wife, Thijjoasin Sidnwy, vran bapli»<id lo.Tan. 
]6(K> lOiBn^flRandCoL'KTMir). HewaHsd- 
nitted a coinmonerof Exeter Oo II ag«, Oxford, 
Sb June 1(124, agad 18, remainml thert' for 
threo >'eiirs, and aAerwards entered one of 
tho inns of court, and travelled abroad. He 
VTM dacivd mL'mbur for Hi-lfton in ]<i28; 
HjfaJn to th« Sliort parliiiiucrit iit March 1040, 
and to tho Iinn^purliainonl in Ortober IftlO. 
He Wttfl kmiwTi as an iidht-ritnt i>f Stroflord, 
and WM onp of iho Iiwf royalist memhfrs to 
leave tho house. IJpon the brBokiii^ out of 
the civil war he mad^a final >>]ieei'h of warn- 
ing' (^Somfrt Trart", vi.671)j and left lo raiws 
a force in Cornwall, lie joined the army 
commanded by Sir nnlph Tloplon, -n-hien 
crottsed theTiiaiuntiidiidvniiced incol>evon- 
shiro. Their declaraTion sipn^^d by Godol- 
phin is in 'Lieinorul'upcnt'c^iid rcr. v. 110). 
t3odolphUi,whfnit!iuIvicf-,nccordiiij(to(."l«rt?K- 
don, waa highly valued by tbu commnndt-rs 
in i>|>it« ot uis watil uf raililurt- fK[)tirieiii.'e, 
trasahot in a nkirmiah at Ohagford, a Tillace 
which, ae ClaieodoD unkindly and erroneously 
obscrrc«, would oilierwiw hnvo rf-maijied nn- 
ICBowii, He was buried in tbe chancel of 
Okehampton Church J(j Feb. H>4'2-3. Go- 
dolphin was a youn^ man of rcmnrkabk' pro- 
mise, intimate with Falkland and Clarendon, 
and IS conunend^^d by llobbes lu the d-^dica- 
tJou of thu 'Lovlathau' to his broiber, Fran- 
cis Godolphin, and also in the ' Review' and 
eonclusiun of thi* samu work (Hobues, Ettg- 
lith HWAj(M*il.-^iv(irth>, iii.TCK!). ilia will, 
dated 23 June \\i\'2, contniniut: s. beqiiugt of 
500/. to Hobbes, i» now in Mr. Worriswn'n 
collection. Clarendon, in hia ' llrief View' of 





the ' Ijcriathan,' coolriTM toaccrpt Hobbes'l 
eulogy and insult the eulogist in thi! 
aenlence, remarking that no two men 
be ' more unlike in modnty of naturo KuL 
integrity of maaaer^.' Clarvndon, in hlA own 
life (i 61-^), describefi Godolphin aa a veij, 
small man, shy, s«iisitive, and melaacbol, 
though uniTermlljr admired. In Sucklii 
■SoeBtoa of tha Poeta* lie is called 'Li 
8id.' He leftseverml poems, which werenr 
collected in a aepamte Tolume. ' The Pa.vi' 
of Dido for .-l^neat, as it is inoomparably 
iirc*»ed in the fotmh book of Virgil,' l^nish 
by Kdmuud Waller, was publiaoed in 1 
and 1079, and is in the fourth volume of IJ 
den's *Mi«cellanyPoem«'( 1713, iv.l^^-i, . 
He waaoue of 'certain peraons of quality'' 
whose traudation of ComeiUe's 'Pompee' 
wa« published in 1004. h. song is ia 
't^pecimeoa' (1811, iii. 2:^), and one in 
'Tixall Poetry' 0^13, pp. 2HJ-18). Ot 
poerasiuTnanu.-M^rijit an- in lliR Ilnrleian Ml 
(6017) and the Alalone MS.S. in the 
Ii/inn Llbmry. Oon>ni«ndnt(iry veires tnr bin 
are prefixt'd to Sfindyo'ii ' Pftraphnuw' (I A38 
and an 'epitaph upon (he Ladv l!ich' is i: 
finudcn's ' Fiintimls made Cordials' ('155S| 
HegaTeramepUteio I'lxcterCoUegi-, Oxfi 

tC«IUni'(iP«t»Ro, 1779. vii. 297; Cl.irend. 
Rebellion, iii. 42*1, iv. t»B; Dooco and Cuorui' 
Bibl Comiib.; BoaM'H Rp^. Exrur C«ll. pp,^ 
Ixi. 248; yu|];«il'i> Life uf Hampden, ii. sf'; 
EUioi's Gotlolphin (ISSfi), pp. tS-SS.) L. S. 

GODOLPHIN, SIDNEY, first Eahl o? 
(lOUoLi'itix ('ltiir)-17l2'), hapLLMd Id Jnne 
1645. wa« third son of Sir Francis Godolphn 
(1603-1607), by his wife Dorothy, daughtar 
of Sir BoniT Berkcln' of Yarlinir'ton, Souwr- 
setshirc. "rho Godolphins were an anci« 
fitmily. long suitled al Gudulphin or (it ~ 
ghan (a name of doubtful on^rin, niTiii ^'o/a 
iind Qurrift, 3rd aer. iii. 444, iv.oO j in Br 
(\>niwa]l. A Sir l-'nmci^, known in tbe til 
of EUtabeth for his enterprise in tin minaa 
and n defi'iiu' of Penzance against a Spouiali 
landing in Ifiilrt, had three son*. Jolui, tlu ' 
second son, was Either of John Gudolpliii 
fn.T.] and graodfathM- of ^^ir'n'illiaiu (iudoi 
phin(il.lm)[ii^.] Sir Wil!iiun{(/.161! 
elder son of Sir Francis, waa father of a : 
cond Hit Krnncis (1605-1067), who was go- 
vernor of Seilly during the civil waT,eurren- 
doTodtothc parliament on hoiionmble rondi- 
lioui 10 Sept. 1040, comuuuudcd for his 
estatea oa 5 Jan. 104(1-7 (WiiiiKr,n<:KE.,Ve- 
vwn'uh, p. 238), and was created knight of 
the BjiIIi at the coronation of f'harles TX ; of 
Sidney (iodolphin (lRIft-lfi4.^,i [o. v.], and 
of a William Oodolpliin, who died in 1636 
and is buried at Hruton^ 8omoi«etalun». 





Godolphin 



4S 



Godoiphin 



Sir Fnaeu had mx Matt ^ whoa 
the «ld(«t, «a« mtmif ■ W nww * 
_ Apnt 1681 : Hnur, Um fanrtb, bcuw 
TtoTort at Eton faMiloMiLraix, Hsxuj; 
and CUrla^ th» Utli, wW dwd m 17», wu 
bttried in ^ *— '"'-r AVbaf. Thetvo hat 
i — riied JtmxiiJmf of Jann, tbe yomiwr 
ImdHr »f Sr WUIiua (^ 1613). »iaay, 
tWtiiird •on, ww^ u aaeuir age placed u 
Uw hniwuhnlrt ofCtua\f» n. TW rtaiimw 
(Otauxn^ Avnyr, riL d01> tkt Onsfci. 
whan Tvilat^ Cantnll m» Ptiatw nt Waka 
(L«. is ItlMi. took'mrtiedarnDtioe'afCJo- 
dulphia ui lianllj faoosU^ aaOgdolflna traa 
tkeanBdertvoTaarMfMb BekBeaae 
«f bcwrar ti> tlw Unc SB Sent. 1609, 
CNon ttf tfc« bHdMBher 1«^ Md 
twoftkankealCd. l]«hetd«a«u 
in thff ansT tar a ahaTt boM in 1687. B« 
WfWUiWd IMaUM ta Uw BaoKtat Cam- 
■ooa froai 160? to 16TV. and 3*. Mavea froan 
167S M 168). He wwmt to HoQairf in 
lOTd (IWiW* 'Laocta* (ITIO). ml »»• 
d&i. xiTM hu iMtnetioM aad aoae laKeaa ; 
«■« aho Tsui*. HVfa, L 663) to tafct pan 
in KUDa of tW negoliatioaa i m im— * *"!; Uk 
peace of Ntrnmn. On 36 Much 1^ W 
waa aimainbM • lard of tie tiaaaeiy. Laa> 
RBM H;nlf , aft w w ank I^vd BoekMcr. fe- 
«uw ftiit lard ia tW ftOnwiar Xinai^ur. 
Hyde, Snaderiaad* and 6odal|ka 
ttoo^t to ba daapHC ia tkeUa^ 
<■». fL 440}, and wtn kaora aa * tbe Oii* ' 
(aaa CiunwiB, Sk^ffitknv, i. m>. I* ike 
abacnni ianigaat of tke Mknriar yiui Gv- 
drdpluti allun UiaMlf wilk Seaoecla^T de- 

Jwmm aad fa io aria g eDaoaeian to 

aad tim iTdaaan vmttj. TW 

"^IVmI^iwIi aaaiaalliiMi wiili 

Jnmm n^Hdad Ooda^kta aa ow^ 
OMoacata <aee (Iwrrminm Cim- 
ltl8>; ukd BanOaa Mvonad ba 




In be is tiitt tntercat of tb« Pliae»«/OKaafa. 

Mritb wbuiB be riiiiiia|iiilai as tfcia ti*r 

fpftxamrut. Mtmein, L JSI, aad ApfL i* 

^ i. bk. L p. 70v Ha ■aaeiidii. kovvw. 

IB retaining t»\ oar After tb» Ul rf SAaAa^ 

burr. On 14 ApcU 1«M k iiiiii I I Sv 

Ltolinajaoliinaaa woetoiy af iteta. Wkaa 

RocfaattiT waa ' Ucbad ay auoa,* ia tke la». 

nanof faia mal, Halibi, iate tka 4^^ </ 

una prandaatf Oodeipkn 

thebaadoftharpiiawiij 

' (S83mC)bawaariiefcil ^mrn'OmL^ 

Okadianiiifi iriiii|tii 

. wko waa 'nncr in ika vi^^ md 
at tke waj/ and 

■t mtfcJM 
ififUaoara. OatkedetfkafC&aflB^ 
had 



oaaaa ( Huj «f Viiili aa) He vaa antooif 
tW iMMt treated of JasM** bibmi "r* at Ibp 
t^yiowing of tb* mgB- lU tuik |iart m 
tha dMgiHjoAil aecnt aiiyniatiana witb 
Lottia XTV, and £d not acrnla to attend 
■aaa witb tke kiaf . H« baa, h vat okob- 
»m J y mid, s raiaantic ktt«flin»»nt to tbe 
qaecB (aer Svirr, fvmrlmft ^Vsm; Oin- 
Boolk'B not* to Bmcsr, Om 7%w, i. 091 ; 
^ddU. JML 43SS, f 6:*>. who w«a gmdtA I7 
tke jtaaita. Oa tbe UI of Bacfaaater ia Ja- 
aMiy IflBr.wkidi avlnd tke InuBrpk of 
tka cUiBMa ralbaBe larnr, ika InaiaiT arae 
afiia aak in adMBMiB, and OodoUiui U- 
■a^aM tt tka tiiMiaiiiaiii aafc L»d 
Ok U Jaty 16S8 k» »aa niade 
arOnbane OuBta'WiadaarFMiM. 
HWb»Matbaniad«B9b.dl7ETCln. Akwi 
tke and ef Waiinv'* n^ be eoU tt to An* 
aad BBOM ni GodalabtB HoaM^ on tka iite 
of SteftNd Heua, ^ Jaw.'. Park. U* 
■ iftwrdiaJaawatiatbtlMt; kaaaoaeaf 
tke tnmmeQ of fii* aaaaiated t* raaaiB im 
LDadoawbeaJam i^ar^loflilbbMj, 
aad be vaa aeat wttk HalUu aad Xottiof- 
kaaa to tieet vitk iW Maoe of Otaaaa at 
ll^iifiiidiaPiiMtii. ^^ 

Oiifci^kia, Cke tka acker torv*. rgted fm 
a tiMaef ia tfe Mrtaa vkkk (oUoved tbe 
remlatka. U WiBiaai'a fiat ataMlaT k* 
waa ^w aaaed <8 Apnl 1060) aav t/lke 
Cf ^iai n ai M <if tke uia a aij . Two^naM 
vlbn. MnnfiaOTt aad IMfHa, aewalaaaid 
akM« baa; bat n 1 lil|iriiiV ccpMeTto 
li Ti iwadabiMtbe— <i» 
ktf«#ibeWMd. Be MmdW 
I ifhiaad m ia Jlawk IW), 
abend at ikk^rf dw 11 1' r^ U Nor. 

Ia IS] W «w aw ^ (W 

tkaJaaoUMi 

ovyaiaabel 

viib tb* coart «4 AL~'>ar>- 

~(CUm,AaMw/y.a.UI>. b I'M 

be»aienerftWcbirf».i.itwbowCbarlae 





fth»cbrfn.i.itwbowCbarlae 
ari rf lMJU M faj.L ll I 





Mr. 
Ji 



"'*'-^2r?i;*' 



iB^irf ir r -[---- f magi 
B«»UM-U«kaaa^f7! 




art kaaafma'aadadt^'tabaA < 

vbeak aibV<MalflCaMbaU 
laia • imnammitmi ajik tke Mile 
totkaaiafboN 





•aw»db£M 



^ 



Goviolphin +4 Godolphin 



Iv r*::!.-]..-.-. 1' - .■.■:.-\ :'.:■•* is r'-.T I'.i tJ-.t lir'-ji ■>l"tht'Cmni!wrdfi,an'l »upj»;r;*-^tl»? 

■ '\ '•■'■-=*■■ "■ - * -■•^ «■;■;■ ■':--,-^ '-■:". ■:\:>.'.iL: >n EiiTiiin^t Toulon. At h-i-b^-^ij 
\\ V ..:!i • '■ ■ , ,■ ■: ■■ ■ ; ." :l ■ ; ! : : ■- :h iv:;:n;' of tin- constunt prrr 4:riifi:lrt. 
vi-i;> iV.,1 ■■ ■: I-, ',■■ ■■ * ,t? '■- -Ai* :■■- U-f w,t.- rimiil, cold, and t'aMlv ih-L-irtm-d. 

■ .WA' «-, .1' ■■ _ -1 ■ \U-'"> - ,;■ , ^'..-w— Iv. M .rlK'Pniirli's aWiicc lif wa' iLf imrof- 
'■;"%. I ■ -.; .« ■ ,■ -■• ^- . -. .: S.T .:..-- r^ciinfiit of (hf dictatorial intcrf-."fr,« 
.' ■;:;( '■■ :>i ,- 1 ; i Y -w :'t.'^ .■.;:.:-^:: : ^l.'.r-l'.'n'iifrli's wil'', wlio nvms !-■ la^r 
« ,» .«,»■■ ■ ■- . :■■.., Av. ■- - ^^ T ' .'.; -."^ '^.' |vi\YrT oviTliiiii iliuii'ivi-rLrr hn!- 
■■..■'■'..■■■■ ■' ,1 '. ■■■ .1 ■-. ,". ■s.--' -,'. ■.',:: '.. lio wii* forced lii j'lin in i:.- — rit* 
'■ -- ■■ ' '■ ■■ "■ '1 1 -." .i ■ ■ 'V ■;.- ■■ ■.-•r:^:-' ]>y wliicli tin- niiiii-:rA-, ori^i- 

■ • ''- ■■ . ■ ' — - -^ ■■ ■".,-- ■.- -l.l'.i i' •:i:ji —d of Inrii-, frruliialiy cuniv :■) 
« i»-. - ■ 1 >■ . ■ .11 vv - ■■■■'-_;-;■ ■-_; :^ *: •;■..';; j!i,' suiii"ii'I of I lit' wiii_' ;ii3:o. 
■-'..■;"'■•■■. ' ■ •■■ ■;-"'-■■- ^'.-'..■-' -.'.-* * _■ V: :•■.■■: I'Lir', Ii<iWfver, wa:- i;fiu-r,iil_'r takrn 
^. -:■.. ■ « i. "' « . ■. 7>,-\\". . \ >:;^'-L^tT iiiitiirt'*. liiHloljihiii «■a^ iT> 
.'\i !■ i';,'--- « ■ " ■■ ■ ». ■ ■ .■■.\vv: v> ^-.i^'-,: -.Ti r.i'ji'tiatinp, trying I'l luciiy ailirf 
I'l.- iviL''' •'.' r ■ M X - ■ i- ^ ■ !l\ - ■•■.:■ T .-'y ■;■.■. :;:■;. and iioKiiiip lOL'-'ifnT tif .ii*- 
'i!.i"..', ■'.»■!■ ';"*.:■■'..■■ :.■■':'■■ n i ■■•.'. .■•..•.•• ■ -.w..::^ i.'r.vs as long ns lii- Pould. Ilf wa* 

ii-«^n vt\' ■ ir '> ; s ■■ V ■:■ '.7-.-;.:i-:'.!'.v .irivi'ii in pr'H'osr- ivlir<'iiii-iit,i!ni 

w ha'-« im-' II ■ t" ■»;■..■« .- ' i - w.-.* 'V-.;i irritjiMi' (limiirli M-Idom ri*'ilii;r- 

tii- !i.i.l '■<■,;•. ■■ ^''...^ \- ■ . ■■ -, ."■ . .. ■.■■. l';'. .iU:irri'l wiili ihc Xffws liepiii in :Le 

111. K>'. I>" V:y •.■■■■* !■•■ ■ ■ ■: 'vV'-. :;7^: V;i-:-.:i:ii.ni. In .[iiu.- irti:) l-l'idolpLin 

fvi^lii.-V'.-.l !'» ,1". 1 ■• ■.- ■•-■■ ■• *- ■'-. ..- : • \\::':'. Mar;U>riiiii;!i iMiitrivfd lo pt-l rid ■■( 

I 'a.- !l!L^!^■ ■■' «'■:.'; ['-w .'^ - - .: . ".■ -.; «. - K,', ■.■*!- r. I'v priu'iirinir ail orcJiT fri'Ui "ii" 
i.i k' ;>'.i' \:-.\ }■-• ■':■ W- ■'■• .". I ■■^■.■' '■ ^:. ■". ''-T hi-i ri'tiirn t<' lii^» diili^'S a^ I'rd- 
.i'».':-.i'.':,i .!• ■; -d ,,1 IV." '.iv>'ii> : ;;:,:;.:;■.: [n Indaiid. in .May I7UI li-'j-> 

h.i.l '!i- >!'';il';'^» «■'!■ .t i-v.- .i.-.-r V- .; !•* •>■,::■. ;. ; rho .lufrii (o arfi'jil llif rosijriiiiii"n 
r'i-ii«r,n; ■■• ■'. ■.[•.■■'..\-- M r.'.''-v^ ■;'.;;;. V,-.- i -;, .; ,■:' N ■:;ii^h;iiii. ami indim-d IJarU'V In take 
.i.;iiiti''t 'I;- I': II >'(';in, I ■•■.[■.■; ;^:>' >■■>■■.■■ ;.ir\-)ii[i i'l'siai"in Li- idaoc. Tlif« 

^^■di'!]'!i!ii'-'-!:lv - '!^ I ■!-.ii;i-;.-..«.i~ !'.',. irr-.i-.; >■!■.;. r;^i's iini'Iiivl tin' alifiiiiii.in nf tlif liiudi- 
III r!i.- -iniii^ ''l' U■^'•*L,> It ■■.■.:■■.■; :.i l'!i',:ri'V.:''., t'lr.r.v;: :i!iil ti>rv ]»;iriy. lii 17')L* liodnliiliin 
.!:iiL:;hii'i" I'E M 1 1 ll''ii'ii^!i. .ii!i! ;!;.• i'!.'«i' all'- w ::li \lartli.i;\.iii;li had .*ii]i]"ini'i! thr! Civa- 
.I'l.i- li.'lwi'i 'I : !i'- [i.i"'!H- w.i«".'.iiiii-i':iu-ii:.\! -ji.-tmI I'.'iif Tinity Hill, tli- fav-iuritt^ mea- 
\\ li.ii ill- '■■ .- !>■ ii'-i-.il '.' I'.'Mi-!- al ill.' *;!!■.■ .'(■ ilMt |iarty : tlifv Imtli vi>t«-d fir 
- :; ; .(■ \\ ;'■..•■!■ '.—11, lii'.i.'ii'liin ai;a:ii 1'.- it a^ain in Kl':!. a]i<l siiiiU'd tlic pritK-i 
,-.,.■ '(■.,.! ■: -.': ■ i:i.i-\i;\ \!' l^v. iriKH. iii;,ii(i-i [K r.;i.i't inn : I111I tlicy wi^n- f=ii?- 
\\ !■ :i W 'li.i^n ■!!..■ u: -vr I'l'tiiriird l" ihi' |it'i'ii-il .•[' in.li:-.-.il\ 'i[iju>-iii^' ii. and in ITlM 
„ :, ., I, :..:[. 'r'l ivr. i|,- a li'iti'r 10 Mar!- ilir y Ii.'tIi >il.-iii !y Miiid aM;iiiisl it. Ilt'wa* 
1... ,. . !i, ■■'.,■ l:i>,l l-i t'.'iT I 111- l.iii:j, in wliifli iiiT-n:;d.'.l in 17(i.'> iiy lli.' Mncli".-" of ,Miirl- 
'1 |.:.r'.- ., ,! li;- i-im1,iii—- I'f till' I iirii's III lior.iiiijli til Im'!.' an ajiji lint in>'iii tor liiT son- 
,,,:...«., \i .ill I'l.miT. Hi- was. Iiinv- in-law, SiindiTlaiid. in tlif M'\ation uf ibe 
,.^ ^ ,.,.;-,. ; . .1 M r.-i^n ."rt' Ihv. 1701, Oji <jni'fn, tliiin^-ii wiili tluTi'liii-laiii I'niiM'nl ol 
■, ;,., . ,.:, ,.r Viitii', hf sliaritl ^larl- .Marllioronirli. In I lie -aiin' yur ids tiiianrial 
i,_. ,. .',■. ...!i.!i,,- :iTid I'lcann- lonl tfasnnT srrii[ili's oaii..:!'!! him lu niali.> many dilKoul- 
, \, , ' .ji ' i;,<,|,il|i|Mn was till- hi-adof till' ti-'s in tlio way of a Inaii to the oin juror. 
■, ,, -. -i.ii; diiriii:.' t!i>' nc.\l i-ijrtil H'- wmli' an irritiititiL;- .Irijiatili whii-h hin- 

, H, „ 1 ..|| ill,' ni.i«l intiinali- term--' (li-n'd thi' ti'^oi iai imi ; Inn .Mafllmrough 

^^ . \1 , ■;.,.;. .:,^li, .md ,>..rn'>i'ondi'il fnii- tinally sini' li'dinrxtoi'iiny-lii^arqni.-sciiiv 

_ ^ .„ "!.w;-\ d.-t,iil of jKilii-y "s'-i' (Coxr, i. 47!l). In (Ii<. ji;ii-lianii-nt of 1 7tVV-r', 

\ ^^" lini.". I '7 I P. -irid I'm uniii.l.. (lodoljiliin win diiv.Ti t.M-lo-,.riilltunff witU 

' '. ,»i. -li M iKi.iii'UKi uii"". r«'W tlu' wliif,r<. ni'iL;j;iin oirHMit"!! ill-' (|iii-on by 

■ ^' ".... |,., ,i.,iH a (-.sitiini have urtrini; l!»t rmioval i.r Sir Xaihaii A\'riplit, 

. , !ii|.n>H uiii'iiiwli- the hird-ki't'iitT. wli.i \v:is Ijnallv sn<Ti.>ede<l 

■ . .' i:. . ii"-d him lo l»-»ti by Cowjasr on 11 (t<-t. iru.'.. Iniho follow- 

.' . »;i li' i-iiviiin-tanof.- inp ct'ssioii h<- jairrifd an insi.n.in^ j)nip<wHl 

""]-. , lii.i iiiiniMiT. II.' of tbi!tori<'.»f..rinvitni;.'tl.i.|-;K...tn'^sSophia 

■■■'.. .;,i..l,;.- van in ihu to l-:ii«;I"iitl by i-arrymn-u hill f.,,- wc-uring 

'■'.\,-x \].■;!^.;^.llJ;ll wa.S tli.; protustaiit 8.iCf.v--ioM by aiijiointinp B 

n .. )i,.l'.Ttnnm-se commiMinnof r.'p'iu-v. 1I.> and .M„rlhoroiigh 

'" '" ufi' WW -'siK'tt;, wert' now attnckud liy tlu- lorv wrifors as 

■■■.'■ " ." '.oi.d.iKvV Ho trnitow to the crhnrtb A (linn.r w-ac ar- 

'■ ■ -. ^" '«,.i KrauwwitU ranged at tlie Uoiisc ol Harh-y m tin- b«pn- 



Godolphin ^5 Gozz:Z-z:z 

r(,Nl. w]jfn lilt- JTV!.: ivi.-r '.r-hi-.n '>:■:. ■.:••-:! vl- •-■y :■— -- "" ^-^^^'^^-^■ 

iljiliin aiid Marn-'i"i^'-'^= ^"'--'' l:--"^ -'^■-— - —'-i-" ■■ ' - ^ ' "- ~ j|" 

aslins liai-.n ' i /■'■. i. -'-i'-^' ; '. ■-■^Ji'- ^;■:'■— "=i-^" ": -"- "r' "- " "-- -::::-"— 

(;'.xl-.''.[i!.in l.a.l i^iErU ll fc^-'- "i"! ^"=' - ^ Mi:':.---7-- t-i : .-: - -^- 

e*|.oii.i-Div it: .I'j.J.r. .vVi'^'V . --iw::-:l=^ ..: " .:■::• ■■ :—-^~- 
,.lvii-.' Aniir r-:*.;:^i i-^r ^"ri- .^ r--i.:> .— .-L-r-L _-_: :-.--: --^-^--■-- 
L- .Vi.l ■■■l>-curi-y. ;.rv -. :_• : T t ---^- .:-■:■ > .-l-.l-- -=-•■-:._- :- 

wnil'.l <vT.e-'i- Or-:-;r. >:■:":-- .■■--.-■-.*.''■ . i:-^- :■■-_----_: _r-=-~ 
IIfvi-/i'i"J.h.w-it:T.i:.:7':»4. ■=■;,-■- -_Lr tl.- ;-=.: jl-: t--i ■!-_: ..- ; :-_:i; 

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rr.l 'i;! ;;»■• mk:-:!: Li v.^-— ■'-:--. .■..~i l 'i- i:> .:■::-■_■ - -,- '_-_- - 

r«'i;ii;:i"—l i:;-.- 'j-ijtt-. '■-t'^t-:. '.^-t "■.--t-" l- " .;.!:.>"__: .■ l-.: z - •- . _ 

NSlXi.:-HM.'>V.n'y.r;>'-;' '■ . ii . -.■: -:l--^-i • ■. — ■.■ i - ■__--.- - -_ 

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riymi "i' ^ir (''i-sT.^i ll-ij-i :, t. ^.-^ ■--: ■ t --; . ■ - i.. *,-_.— -. -^. 

hvaliL un; aln. ■■: :.i- !;:■,■ .l :;.: <^r- -■ >_--- -n.-"-;- -.-_ v _-. -.1- -- •' 

ir;i yi'vJ'"! ii. N- v-.:i,Wr IT-r'. ll: ,'_;-. -'n- -1 . -^-\_. _•. t ;.• l-- -■ -. -" ~ 
;ii!L:';iin!'iV";r'.fT!i-.-ii-;.lj-:. ;.:■«■■?- vil i-Tl^:-- -l:.-: ■_-■- -, ■-_ -'•.. Z 

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i_' V'-iv, ;i:i'! ;i- -iv.!- f r.j.-.--. :--..— t'i ■:_;.-- -.i'-t .: -v ■ " 

iit-ii'.'l.In.- 'I'l'- ::,>:n. n.",Li • , T,> 4 11" . t- • - ■ -■.."- * ' -" ' " 
,,■>;:! M:ii,.-];:.T.kfl^j:.Li H- ;t " :.. ^:.:^,-,. ■ -' - ^ V".' i' /.'^^ .ic]^"' 

jil''ii.':;i-;r ■■[' S m-.-r?. wLjivi wij:. : i.^;-; . ..-_;_ - t ..- ,~. .'. '. ." _'. ' ■*"' 

::r.iTii--ii 'I'.'. N'A^m'-.-r 17"";. ^i.i ■■_-.■■- t-'" •„ ". '- .' . '■"' '''''" 

li-iMMi !-■ j''!--nlii;-sr. ::i-7rr.Ti.M- -.-:li> -■ ^ — , - . .. _ ."" ' ~ ■'■ ' ■■" 

."inif iM ijii.~n C'-:::'-!!;'.-; t zl-:./- "_-■■_- .- .^^'i , . ~ '■ '-'■ ^^ 

LiiiV lit". mirvraU". Hr -irclir- - r. l-.-^-i.'' •- v" ■-" ".'''"^ ^"' "'"*"•'■■■■ 

n. ITi/'i 'hit !!.■ -ji:-: 'jf & iU;-: .:. ?...;.-vl.-v C- i.. .'T^'i''" ' *•'-■" •'-"^- ' 

ll-v- :- 11 i.>iM'J:v [v, (-■:::jiir:-.:, ; ^ .*-,v _;_'!*.,' " '.' -" '">- 

Aii.-!-rr.;v.- wi/j;:;..- . Hii:;^ s. C - - ' - -7- -„'', / J . " ■' ' " ■' 

■ji;.i;'i:.' '■! in-;-" u;.;. a r-:--::-s:.'.'. \ .'i;--- '• ,"-!, .'. '.'""" " ^ " i --v 

.■lii'ii;- '■. (.:!:o, l:.-- 1..,: ■■;.;■;;:.- ;.■ ■.-■.,-- . T ", . ■.' " ^'*' '■■-•.-• ■ ■, .. 

■r ■,.:; ■.] ill r!,.- ■1.:j-.„:. 1- ■_>..:!:, /-Iv f -"' -":" _.'.'.'-' ■ ■ •- ■ 

i-A. li-'i-lj.liiii.ii.'^Ll-^.i^r ■':■■:.. ::!■'■'-"'. V-r'" '■''•.'.'■' ' -\ ■ 
■■,i'li'r.-.iii-:-T--lii;i ini;,- t.-i--:-:r*7-:i"':. JI ^'i.' ..,''. ""- •- ■'■■-.■ 

iiiliy. »li-ii Marllpfirfiuii (J-.-'::.-i •■. t,..'i:l^ '"" ' ' ' '" *-- -.f---'- 

nlcry;(l rciwnsb'rLd to siro it siiji* f;.^.i. ■ * 

"^"'■■^ =^-« «UTl.-- S^.^ - 



Godolphin 



44 



Godolphin 



be ivtuned at tli«tn!(urur^. lie wmiIii^ only 

toiTof tbo t>eTp[ilonlBiustico«appointcilwlien 
Wflliam Ifft Enulfincl in ltt!).V IleliRld the 
mine office iti li5lW. In tlint yc-ur he wu* im- 

{•UcHU'd, ul'.iiig w'ltli Marl bwni null, .Sljrew»- 
lUry, a»d KutwcU, in the conf^-sAion of Sir 
Jobu FdDwick [q. v.] Feuw Lck'fi ucciuwliuu 
w«ji Kwkwnrilly rienr the truth; aiid it was 
roimd CO nw nit- III to hsti^ him and di&tTi-dit 
liifl storv. rio(lnl|ihin,h(iw«.'vi!r,wiMiolinii\.iini« 
lo the iniijrtrirv cs tIh? last torr in offlro. Ir 
wa« resplved to taky I Le ocjcasiou for f yttiup 
rid of liim ; (iii<) jiiTlinjiA, ns MnCAUluv »ne- 
ge<ita, it v,-ua I't-Ic that when hv waft inrown 
oVL-r there would lie li-» motivt^ for accepting 
ihc tnitli of tVnwickV uarrutivi-. By xJEne 
mttitivuvre of tfuudnrluibd he waa induced to 
Tpsipn in October iKsforo ihn dehatiM on Fon- 
uick'a I'luu. IIv nflrrwunlH vi>in]>laincd lliat 
hu h<ui bn-u irieked < Mreiftliuiy Paperii, pj), 
414. 420. Ji-Jt). Avp'ireiitly ho hid bet'ti 
frtfrhtf^nwl l>v »n i-rrnni-oiw impn>j<«ii>n tii* to 
iixf. mode in wliiiili Fenwick'a 8itttetD<jnt i^-na 
to be recpivMd. In th" llointi* of Ixirda li»* 
nb«oliit»ly (I'^iiivd (1 Di^r. 1l1£>i)) that hi:^ had 
hnd th« dealings with Jain(^« d<*^ribt*i bv 
Fenwick ; but, unlike Mnrlhonjuph, be vot*d 
ngniust tiii^ bill of nttiuiid«!r. 

GiiddiiihtUB only son, Francis, was miirried 
in the sprini,' of lUOSto HcnrifttoCburchill, 
dllUK'btvr of .MHrlb<}lx>ugb, nnd (lit- rltiSL' slli* 
nncc betweftn iho pan^nt* waathns (rcment^d. 
When Ihf; (orios retnniud to power at the 
end of Wiltirtm"* r«'ipn, Oofioljiliin ni^iii hi— 
came liend of the tn-asnry (1» IVc. 1700). 
When WilliAm aav» nior« returned to the 
wbiga, Godolphin nrote a letter to Mnrl- 
buruu^h, to he luid before the kin^, in which 
hu professed the readiness of tb(> tories to 
]Trost}cutcH wur with Fraucu. Uv was, huw- 
evttr, pmo|jcll«l lo resign 30 iJec 1701. On 
tbu ar^^ewion of .Vdhq, 1ib ebjire*! Marl- 
boruuKb'K foiiunai and bcCAoiR lord lr<-n.iui>.'r 
ft May ITOiJ. Godolphin waathfl headnf rhf 
home govemmunt during the ne.tt eight 
year*. Hr wfia on ihi* niont jntimnir t^-rms 
with Marlborougb, and correcronded cou- 
fidentiiilly ujwn orwry detail of pfjlicy [sec 
undiT Asyr. flOOS-l* 14>. and Chcbciuli., 
Jons, first l)i-K« OF Maki-bokocohJ. Fbw 
fitare^nien tn so oODspicuoiu a position bare 
left so r>-'_-hle a pt-rranal i[ii|ir««8io]i upon poli- 
tics. 1' 111. .l|iliiir.i talent-t fittt^d bim to benn 
Rdmirulili' Ii^'ilI rliTk, while circutnEliuices 
rnmppH'il linn in act lu* ii tint initii>lrr. Hi> 
plnred, hriwi'vcr, a cnnsidurable jmrt in thit 
held of acNon in which Marlhoruiigb was 
lew conspiciions, efcppcially in the IVjrtnpiC!*« 
and Rpnnish nITaira (see Adttit. jW6'A'. lifiOTrf!, 
2K(Jo7, for Methnen correspondence). He 
was ouxious for ibe invuioo of I'Vuice witb 



the help of tbe OanuBarda, and aupported tlv 
expedition against Toulon. At kume be vnt 
the centre of the con-Hianl parlv atruff^ilvK. 
Hf wa? rimid, cold, and eftsiiy di she arte i)*<4. 
In Marl bore Uf^b'a ali<>i*ncc Ik- wati tbc iiiuu«- 
diate rccijMent of thedictalonal inl«?rfw*iwie 
of Marlbopjugh't wift?, who aeeniA to hair 
had mftrij puwr-r ovi-rhim thui over her hii^ 
band. Uc was forced to join in tlu> #«miS 
of intrigiii-a hy wliicb tlie miuistry, orijfi- 
nally comprrfc^ of i--,rii^, jmtluallv came Is 
rvet ufioii the suiiporl or the whitr jm«>^ 
Tin* initifttiv*, however, was tri-nerally laii-n 
by Hlrongor natuR'a. ( iodoljiliin wa* ra- 
gagi'd in negotiating;, trying to pucifv aUies 
or opiioiieiUft, und holding tup^.-lber tht die 
tractinfc forces aa long as liir ruuld. He vt 
frMiitentlydriren to propoee retin-ment, i 
was oftt-ri irritable though seldom ntjoluin 
Tile cjuarrel with lh>! tori.it iMvaninll 
func parUatu'jm. In June ITOSOodolpUi 
witb Mnrllxirough contrived to get rid 
Rochester, by prorviring on order from tb 
L^ueen for his return to h)« dutie« aa lor 
lieutenant in Indnnd. Tn May IT04 be^ 
sunrted the queen to accept ilw; resignat 
of Nnttinghum, and induced Harley to U 
ihefcucivtary^hiHDrtiati'in his place. TTie 
cbungi'S implied the Hlieuatinn of ihebii 
church iind lorj' purtr. In 170:? Gcbdolpa 
wilb .Mnrlborougti bad supiMrlud the Oct 
sional ConfonniTy Bill, the favmiriK^ in< 
■nre of that parly; they both vults] 
it again in I'Ott, ami signed tbe pr 
against its rrjectinn; hut. they wvn 
peeled of indireetlr opposing it, and ill 1704 
tbey both tulcnlly votc^ against K. Hewa» 
persuaded in 1705 by tb" Uuchest of Had^H 
norough to hen a.n uppi'intinent for htr MW^I 
In-law, Sunderland, lu the v-.-xation of th* 
queen, though with Ute n-litctant coowni >it 
Marlborough. la tbe same year hiD llnannal 
scruples rausnd bim tu nink<.' many dttBc^d* 
ties in the way of a loan to the •■mpcmr. 
Hv wrote an irrilnting de«i>8lch which bin- 
d^r^rt thf nefroiiftlion; but Marllwroo ' 
dnally succeeded in<>xior( ini; bin sequtitsrcn 
(CoXE, i. 479). lu tbc parliament of I70.V 
Uodolnhiu wan driven lo c!<w«r ullianro wit 
tbe wfiies. He again oir«n<led lli** tnifcn 
urging tlic removal of Sir Nathan \Vrighi, 
the lord-ktieper, wbo wue fhiuUy succe^«d 
by Cowper on II Oct. 170.'i. In tlnj follow- 
ing ^^-Msuiu hu parriiHl an insidious propotal 
of the t'lni-a for inviting llii? FWtreas Sophia 
to England by carrying a bill for semring 
the proleotJinl vuco's.sioD by appointing a 
commission of ivgt'ncj*. He imd Marlborough 
were now attackeid by the tory wriCtsn B* 
traitors to tbe church. A dinner waa ar- 
ranged at tb« bout« of Harley at tl 





Godolphin 



45 



Godolphin 



aff of 1708, vImmi the. oreat wliig Imdi^rt ' 

^ivt Oodolpbin nod MirlborDii|;h, oiiOilnink 

lo ' everlnstiiia wniun ' (iV», i. ^I'J'-i ; OoWPEM, 

Ifiaty). Oodolpliin hid tatiKU aa uclivu 

fthuv in pr:<itintiu(; the union with Hcollnnd 

iH«- MirTv«poiiil(Mico in Addit. M&. 2B0i)5). 
ly hie ndvirv Anne refused ber usen) in 
if ua to t h>' Act of Sccttritjr, providing for n 
Mpwuiiuu <jf Uiv cn>ira« kt ber death unle«e 
Enuhuid •BoiUd concale oeruin Scottish 
clAima. lie yi^Idc'd, kowever, in 1704, wL(^a 

iufr pouuhiv that ir wnuld renaur ibo trt'jiljf 
for union morf ini[>iirative. On 10 Apnl 
1 70K he wft« it|i]>ointMl a cnmmiasioner for 
M-ttUng Hu! terms of this trc>aty. IntlwnL-xt 
yMT he w«s snmnjonwl from l)io counliy to 
rasut an fttt^^inftt of Harley's to make * dif- 
ficulty about Home cotomeroial rip|;iilnlions 
eooaeqiivoE on the union; a ciiuiiiaAtiinoe 
which prvcipitutnl the qiwrrel between the 
two [i'v^ntSiiiULii. Oreaf Jintaia,\i. 70\. In 
llieautimiiiof 1700 h» was bruiisht totbreatft 
of rrtirenM-nl by hta dtffi^ultv m perfiuadinif 
the qnn>n to make Sonderlaud H.<cn]tary of 
slate in rwim "f Sir t^iinrW H*tdp*« [q. v.] 
Ilf dwiarvs iC«XB, i. i:!8) ihai he Uaa vrom 
out hia ln^altb and altnoet bx» hte in Un; 9vr- 
victof tlwcpown. Aft*f mnny ri'mnnstxantiea 
ihe qurvn yielded in Novtiinber 1700, and 
otbi^clianij^t't in favour of t lie wliig« followied. 
0<xl"l|'litii at ihis pcnod etiU iniNtod in Uar- 
]r\ ii) «)itt<i of inninuntioni fnim the diichesa. 
IlsrlfVfi df-feetion became niaoifint in Ilio 
fi'lloiriiit; y<.-nr, mid hp not forctxl to rvitijcn 
■lo 1 1 Fi/b. 17**^, lind-ilpbinandMariboroufrh 
harin); ub-^iii'-d t1iiriuiieU>!« from a council 
in-etinfn (0 I-Vb. I Tbe wlnpt w.-rr now tri- 
iiuil>banr: (oxlnlithin obtained crt^dit in the 
• lir l^•J for hisi effurts to meet the dnnfri?r of 
'Ii-tlireattmwi Jncnbito invasion, and to auii- 

Iimm tlitrvntlil ofthv f)«nk nf Knttbiiirl lie 
luii now to ukercome the queen's ry^>bictanco 
to tbr- up]Hiiiiim"tit of jjumera, which woA not 
tinnllr 1,'riuit^d I ill November I70S. 

Tilt' di'inaudtf of the vhi^ and tlui growin(; 

lietialttin vf tint ([luwn ciimbined to make 

lodnlphin'e )if4> miwtrable. He declnnit 

10 Jan. I70f) that tht> ' life of a -lave in 

' ntlcyi) i« a jiflrHdiib- in rompariiuin of 

if Anotber of the whi^junio, Ualilax, 

^.rHaiiiiiiiiit to iasiti upon a n^co^tniion 

of llM cTaimft to oftloc The nt'^^otiations for 

wure perpU'xing, and Oodolpbin, ac- 

Bfr to i'oxe, insiMod mom strongly than 

^^ilor<iu(;h upon the deaiando ultimatelr 

j*t^nl by Louis. Although disf^ted villi 

DuU'h, OtfdolphiD, in obudiunoo to the 

■ ImuJitf, insistwl uwin the harrier Irealy. 

Inally, when Marlborouifb doclint^^d to 

[onlared Townehwad to cign it nluue. 



Godolphin was next bullied br the whin 
uud the Ducbew of Marl boron j{h to uitort I ue 
nti|iiiinlinwnt of TiortlOrfiiril Ui thniidmirally. 
TliB sermon of Sacheverell which W t« ihi.' 
fsmous impeachment utiarkrd lioilolphin 
und^^r tlio nurncof Volpone, (ioilolphin waa 
greatly irritnted, and insiated on theimjifiich- 
mcnt^in spite of the advice of Som'Ti! tlial the 
queatiun should b<; lefttu tlie ordinary courts 
(Deremberl70y). The ^neralniK-'tion against 
tlic war, combinod wiih iht< diurch feeling, 
nuu gat hi-n^ atn-n|rlh, niid tlarley took au- 
vantag'c of it to detach ^mt.' of the wliif^, and 
tuenc<»iraf;u the quiv.-n lOAuhjiTt (■udotphin 
and Mnrlhoroiifrh to succesuive nlighle. Oo- 
dolpbin appears to have ahown Ijltle ^lirit. 
ITc |>cr»uaufd Mnrlbnrouj^h to withdraw his 
tbnuit of ri'iiiiination upon tbe appolntDient 
of Colonel lliU. He remonBlrated with tli*- 
Qucon on the appointmoDt of the 1>iikc of 
9oaivr»et as cLumberlaiD, but had not reso- 
lution enough to cany owjiis threat of i»- 
sifuulion. In June 1710 hu joined with hlit 
eollcairiifu in tippruiliiiff to Murlborougb to 
submit to the diemimwl of ^underlnud. He 
Knlitnitlftd lo a nef^k'-cl of Iii« wiKhra in tbe 
case of other appninimt-nrs, and long refuaed 
to believe thai tbe <^^le^;^ would ventim* on 
a diMAoIution of purhament. On hearing in 
July that this measure was decided upon, he 
remonfttrated with her, but still did not resign, 
A violent dispute t^rok place in ■ cabinut 
council bi^t u'wn Oodolpbin and ShrewabiiTy, 
who in April had been appointed <-hambt3r]nm 
without bieadvice and was allied with Uurh-y, 
On 7 Aug. 1710 be bad two audi<-ttce.4 fniiu 
thequi>en, whopnded by telling bini that the 
wiahed him lo remain in ollict-. Ni^nt morn- 
ing she sent him a note, onlhringliim to break 
hi* ftaff of office, but promising n pension of 
4,iJ00/, a year. Godolphin's fall was followed 
by tlio dismieml of bis *on from the office of 
cofferer of the household (Jitno 1711). He 
had the credit ufrv.iiring in puvvrty, ait itwa^ 
WLid that lie would rwiuin- MnrlboitiupVsas- 
Histanct< to aujinort himself. Uodolphin wah 
devoted togamtilincHnil i-*podallyinterfiil<-«l 
in horsfr-mcing, which may parti vacoount for 
his poverty. By thedeiviliorhiseldtTrbrolbw, 
Sir "William 'Joilolphin, on [7 Aug, 1710, 
hia son inherited an eMale of 4,000/. a year. 
After his fall there were rumours of dia- 
hont-sly. but tbcy n^-rm to hsvo Iwcn siifR- 
cientiy answered by Walp-ile in a pamphlet 
called 'The thinv-five millions accounted 
for'lCoBB, iii.4tl5). Hii>b<;altli wasalreadv 
biuken, and be died ojp'd ti~, accordinp; to but 
moniiuienl,ou 15Scpl.l71;?, at Murlborougli 
I Hiniw hI. St. Allianx, after long sufli^ringb 
I from the atone. 

(jlodolpbio married Marganif Blagge [mti 




Godolphin 

UODOLPHtK. MaSuarrt] on 16 Mny 16T&. 
After hf-r aa^itli, in ]ti78, he ncTer marrie-d 
again. A refiTunc'e in a letter frum LonL 
Sjrdney l» William (» I-Vb. 1691) «wm» to 
implr a eeconii mniriiip*-, of which thftre iire 
no other trace* (U*LK»iii'LK, App. pt. ii. bit. 
Tii-p. 3W). Thfir only child. Francis fq. v.l 
■ucovvdi-il to Lilt fallier'nvarldom. l''ruuoi«« 
wife hpciunt' l>uclioHof Marlborough in hf-r 
owori^lit, but by Uitxluadiuf tlivLrson Wil- 
liam titn litlfi )MH3«d to Charica Sptmcer, Mill 
earlofSunderbind. Their daughter Henrietta 
niarriv>l Tli'iimwi IVlliitm, dtiliv of Newc-Mtl», 
in 171A.And diM in liTti wirhmit isAiic: thi': 
other, Mai7,marni.>d the fourth I>iike of Leeda 
in 174U, and waa aoeeatnu of the prMont 
duke.whoovi-QsttiaCMoliibmeatatw. Three 
fabios in verse by Oodolpmn were pFiBt«d by 
Ajchdeacou Coio in 1817-18 from liie Blen- 
botmMSa 

[OeUiiM'f Pvcniite ; Bunco and Conrtnoy'v Bill. 
Oonub.; Miti^loin'a Tri^ Mincir. i). A22 (for 
nnealoijrjr); Eretyu'ii Omry, 1879, ii- i'i% 4G7, 
iii. 110, 132. nod alMwliPtv; CUrW« Ufa of 
JatDH II ; Maephetsiui'H Hiit. of Oreat Bhtfiin, 
i. 311, ii. 6,68, a03. a3i. 877, and clMwhcn; 
Swift'* WarK 181 i. iii. 227. 233. ir. 435, t. 1 74, 
IVI. 2fiO. £61. and oLscrher* ; Treasury Papem, 
1701-8; SiJupyS Diiiry, 1843. I 92. 209. 271, 
ii. 3D9; OaiwDdon Corre^ponden^^e; Bunietv 
Own TitHf : Coxo'a Lifa of Marlborough (lettem 
fWitn Ibe Bleahairo oullectioii Kito full dutjiiU uf 
OodolpUin'i CHieer^ Nortli'9Li('i.tiuri.ha Norths, 
IBM. ii. as. &C..-J. I'. Iloros Hist, of New- 
market, ISBQ, give« fre^DPDt noticm of Oudul- 
phin asapntinn of lioraD-mdnff- Some Enmilr 
letter* ar^ in Addit. M8.*itlO£-J.end ia Ur. Kur- 
ri»on*>i ii^tli-i^rinii.niid pi.ililicul coTTwepundnon- in 
Addit. MSS. 2SOS3 7. Some Utter* from WM- 
limii III ore in Addit. MS. 240Ofi. and fraiu 
Annn in Ad.lit. M.'l. 26070 ; M««aWi NottiuKhani 
USt*. &c. 29508-0. A lifo by ihn Hod. H. Elliot 
(1888) iak» n m-iro fnroniutila riow of Oodol- 
pfaiii's conduct iti aomi' nmltam Uuui iti given 
above] L. S. 

GJODOLPHIN, SiB WILLIAM ( lim P- 
1690),ambA«»«dor,waafleoond9on nf.Sir Wil- 
Uam Godolphin, the eldeet son (by Judith 
Merwiith] of John Oodolphiiir the youn^vr 
brothnrof Sir William Godolptiiii (4. 1013). 
Ilin ■•Id'u- bnithi-r wtm Francis (ioJolphin of 
CouUron, ^Viltshi^L', who 8i<odiii lo haw ujy- 
peared as a royaliKl at (hv liiiiiiof the bnlliv 
of Won-t^erVWiilTEI-ocKl^ Memorini*, p. 
478). He WH8 baptis-jd '1 FL-b. 1634 (>Uc- 
Uax, Triay Minor, ii. ty^i) ; hi: wan nlu^niled 
«tWef»tmin-«ier.andiileclnd in lOfil to a stu- 
denttihip at Christ ('burch, Oxford, whera \w 
romain«d until thr Itvstorntion, altliou^h uot 
in svai]»thv with thf dominant party. He 
graduated M.A. in Jaminn- ll]Wift 1. He 
afterwanlBhecainvadaeliedto lienry Bcnnet 



Godolphin 

[u. v.l earl of Arlingloa, and on ^ Sept. 

Iu6S t JIB degree of D.C.L. ww conferred imn 
hitu at Oxford, Bennet beuig created UdL 
OB the saoic diiv. n<Hlo1phin on 27 Oct. ItK)^ 
wan elected M.^. for (!aini>lfonI. CuniwalL 
In 1G67 he wan empluml under Sandwich 
in the nagwifltions at Madrid which led 10 
a commercial treaty with Spain. Ilr ihni 
ri'tiinieil to Kuf^lantl, and was kni^hiMi by 
l!barlea [I l^UAua. I'WW, iVpy^, who met bim 
6 and 8 Feb. 1<»8, calU him a • very pretty 
and able peraon, a man of ror^' 6ue parln.' 
and saya that Sandwicli liad M-nt avpr ibe 
bigbesl commendations uf bis ahiiiii<-a and 
trust wort liinvKM (lliia bait bdcn erruneoufly 
applied to Sidney, lord Godolphin). 1b t^ 
aprin^f of U)t$9 be r<° turned to Spniu aaenray 
extraordinary, I^ord Snndcrbind being ' am- 
basadur eitnuirdinani-,' and in 157lDe be- 
t-jiniv amhiMMidor. Immediately afterwaida 
he applied, dunn^a ilAn^i-roiitt illnf-M. for od- 
miasion to the Roniau catholic obutvb. .An 
order, dated 1671, by the otBciala of the In- 
quisition tbnt be ia to rweiw the sacnauDt 
nublicly ia in E^rton MSS. ( IWe, f. 381). 
lie pouibly chnnpnl hi» mind on recoveruig. 
lie made lua public enx ry into MailHd 18 Jan. 
I(t72. He cotnpkine that he can hardlr lire 
upon hi«aalar>- of I .:^1XM. u ynur. In ]ff7-l be 
defendl^bim)^plfa^IlinBt tb^ecandaloua impu- 
tation that he had been converted to cttbo- 
lieiam, lu a lettrrwhich Arlinffionlaid before 
Charlce. In 1676 hi- again uefi.-ndH himaelT 
n^inst the charge of emplovinK tun tsanv 
papixttt in hit< houMiltoId. In Ttlua Oateaa 
' Narnilive ' it wa* de>clarvd tbat Godululun 
wosincorrespoudenoewitb thi--'i»opiHhiil(il ' 
coniipIralurH, and intended to bold the privy 
seal m the miiiiitlnr lit lie iiuitninlvl bv th 
{StaU Triata, vi. IHK). 1468). The 'Hui 
of Coiiimoni> voted 1111 luldrMx* for hia reca' 
(12 Nov. 1(178), and thu kin|; n.'p]icd ihak' 
Wttent of revtwiition had already beeuordered. 
Godolphin prirforrvd. howeviT, to stay in 
^ain, and now openly nn)fe««ed oai boltcim. 
ITift M-crctury. Edward Merwlith (Wuoik, 
Atheme (Bliiui), iv. (}*)3), probably tua ribi- 
tioii, eUo b*H^ame a catbulu-, and wrote aoma 
pampbli^tn in dxfi'^neu of Jamea II. Godol- 

hiti died at MailHd 11 July ItlW. On 
March previous be bad consented 10 a 
' notarial act,' by which he made his bouI bia 
hoir, and empowi-nMl fertain pentonii, incl 
iiig the procurator-general of the je.iuilA, 
makir bin will nfler Iii^ death. Jit»t befora 
hiBdoath, however, lie mitdnanntlit<rdi>cli 
tion, Iriivirig sufnn to bis nephew, Francis 
{lodolpliin, .wn uf Fnincir« Godolphin of Coiil- 
eton.andbi* nit>ce Klixabetb, daughter of the 
same Franci ». nnd wilV of CbnrW Godolphin, 
yooQger brolbur of Sidney, Uni lord Godul- 






&■ 



10 a 
Ibia , 
lud^ 

^toH 

foraH 

nciB ~ 




J 



An act of puUxniMit was paawd in I 
iB, declnrin^ null aud void Ibv imwcr to 
e n posthnmoiu will, anj niistiliiig bU 
u to cony out tlii^ later diEpasition. ' 
wn also lo )Miy n sum-of 3,0007., wliicli , 
left for cbarilikhl'- imrpospH in Com- 
wkll on U-conun^' &mba)<hH(lor. A print«d ' 
Couj of \he ftct, with nuiny ducumentA K- 
'ting U> tlx.-' buNiiiv«», ill in tlie Britisb 
uMMim. lltB fonuno, vklucd at SdfiOOt., 
inSnun, lUimv, Vciiicv, ami Ariistwdam 
f. its. 28>12. a'. l'.'.0-4), ami lUe h«\n, 
Lord Oodolpbin's bolp, itppnir lu bare 
OTVnd llm monKj in th<* t.wu UtUr placea 
iKaiiAH, Ortat Britain, i. 208). 
,y af Liodolpbin's pfficial letlvis (ia- 
ading tboM above mentiont'd ) anf publiabed 
i' tlt9paiuAXlla8tma,'1703. Tbisisidenti- 
wttb tlw M>coDd Toluin« of 'Orii^nnl 
Tr of Sir R. Faniihftw« . , . mid Sir W. 
bin,' 17^. Tbe first volunv ix td^n- 
th a volttma be&rins ttut «ame titlo, 
alLett«n,'&c,pubriiiht>din 170tf. A 
. tt«t» are also in Temple's ' Mumoir*.* 
eunlribatvd a poem tu tbv U^ord coin- 
ii-nlitry colleclWiinf v«r*e,* on CroniTrell 
UM. and an answer to AVallt^r'b ' Slonn ' 
*n>inwt<iri> d<tnt)i. T]i» bu>t in in Ni- 
•SfWt Colbwtion; 17fiO, i. llfr-lO, 
when- it is erronpoiuly nscribed lo l-ord *^!»- 
dolpltiii, tbvTnuuurer. HewaselectM fellow 
of the Koyal Socit-I v I'S Nor. 1083. lit- must 
not be ctmKjimded witLSir William tlodol- 
pluii (d. 1710), t:>lder brotbin- of Sidiiey, lord 
UodolphiA. 

[WooH'i. FMtt (I)I>m), ir »0, 37A : Watob'n 
tiiiitni TVeBUona. pp. 120-8; t^pya'a Diarv. 
V. 174. 179. 183. 2W. SG7. -117: Utreh'a 
Sociatr.ii. 297.331 ; ltnuiono<3('ourtiit7'> 
Coniib* i.183, 183; Gebartl't Ilttt.of Eiig- 
nd. 1*18, iii. 231, 1781 ColtlnsV Pccntge. i;7B, 
it. 29A.] L. S. 

GODRIC (lOtA!' 1170), ib^ founder of 
ale, was bom ' in >-i)lula llanapol,' or, 
inti lo nnothrr aei^ounf , iit WalpoV in 
Ik ■( Rty. .-. •> : CAPa&ivE, fol. 107, b l'). 
if falber'A ntuue was Ailwmrd, bis motber's 
JFtdv\n ; and <>»dric, Lboir fintt-boru mu, 
araa callnl nftrr bijt godfailivr. AO^r a bor- 
booil opcnl at bomo, Goilnc bt^gan to pedalu 
tail wurw in tbu n«i|jblHiuriu^abir«ii(Ar{p. 
S>. I ^t£r, as his gain* increased, he took to 
Denting caatka and tba town and city 
'Icata. A narrow wcapn fnitn drowniiifi 
v^iiIa br^ waeatli'Diptinglo capture asLranded 
* dolpliiii ' uf porpoi»e n«tir th<? nioiilb of tbe 
jW^Dland ijp. 10K2J t«em Lo have eiren a 
tuua turn to lii* thougbta (16. c. 3; GiL- 
n, c. 1). Four jfMn laior. aftvr n pns 
lary risit lo St. Atidevna and llomt^, bv 
ik Ut tbe aoa (ir. IONS), and for MTeral 




jwas sailed as a merchant or shipowner 
bntvTtwn Kiiebuid, HcutUnd, Denmark, and 
Flandera. H« owimd tbe half of one v^asel, 
and was parUifr in tbu can^i of a SLicuud. 
Si fp^-iit 'waia 111* nniitifriil nkill llial hiii fi-l- 
Inwa made him l.hi>irflleorBaiaD,and his i]uiok- 
new in forec4u>tiuQ weather cbangw not an- 
lVt>qo«ntlT saved niin xhip from damage {lUff. 
0. 4; cf. Cafskavk, fol. im, a I). 

After sixteen jvars of seafaring b'fc bo de- 
termiaod cu vi»it Jerubiilum iJtfjf. c.6), which 
badjuBt been wonbylbefir*t cnisaderfi; (ind, 
wbvn wc coneidnr the cloee rvlntionsbip that 
in t!t<i»HdMyitnxi]tU.Hl brttvwnpirnryanu (iiin- 
n)erce,them is no need to doubt hia identity 
with thu 'Oudertcua, pinila df- ix'giio .\n|{liie,' 
with wborn naldwin [ of .Ifmsaleiiu, ai>«r 
his tn'i'iit defeat in the pluins of Ratnlah, 
«ftil.^ fwm .\r*uf to Jatfa on -.'9 M«y 1102 
()//.r.6;HALrKiii,c, I; ct. AlBKBT OF .Aix.ix. 
C.9; OkdA'it. iv. IS-l ; KurxHKK okCm kBnm, 
ii. 0. 20; for th(t exact date sec C'Ajnw»..M'nW«ic. 
p. :J17). 0» bis return lie viMifd St. Jauieti 
of CompoBt«lla, and then, aAer a stay in hia 
uutivi- vilUgf, buvamv 'distH.-ii»ator' to a rich 
fellow-ooiinlrymfttL ShocKed at having un- 
wittingly parlakun of stolen lianqueta witli 
hill fi^llow-.'wrvant.-', hi^ thry^w up hi» pcwl niid 
went on a second pil^imago in Kome and 
8l.0ill'-">ia Pruveiict*(/(e?.C, 6; GAiyKlUiC. 
] ), (hi his retnm he stayed a wbilu with hia 
father and mother, after which the luttvr uc- 
compHujii-d him lo Rome, Near Ijoiidoa th« 
travtilli'Di wi>ru jotiiod by un unknown wo- 
man '(>f wondrous birauty.' Every evening, 
as Godrie himself told llefrinald, i}ie Mranger 
would wui>h iIk' tnivvUvrB' fvut ; nur did ab« 
leavu tliPiii till th«y nuared Ijondon on the 
wav back {Itfp. c. 8 ; GaU'BIJ>, e. 1 1. 

Wliili' a suikir llni.lrii; had mmlc (^JTi.'nngs 

at St, Andrewa, had roiutantly piwyt'd at 

8t, Culbbi*rl'» Island of F(ime't76>y' c. 5), 

and 'had worn a monkish boArt benutitJi a 

layman's clothes' (ib.) He now si^ltled at 

Carlisle {e. 1104 1, where fac »cema to liave 

had souov kinaoiun, om: of wliom gave htm 

a cojiy of Jerome's pdalter, « book whieii he 

conKtuQtly ruad lilt the end of his life (h^. 

c. 9 i cf. cc. it-i. 100). To avoid hi* fri.-nds 

lie withdrew lo the nelphbouring woods, hav- 

' ing lakrri John the Baptist for Iht' modtjl of 

his wandfTiRg life. At WoJAingluiin (t^li 

1 miles nurth-wcst of Itishop Audtlasdl an 

ftcwl hermit, /lilriw, nltowitd him to share 

I bin <]welling. Some two vi^-ant lat'^r, when 

.'KIrice was dead, u vinion hade tiodric lisil 

Jerusalem a second time <<-. 1106): on hia 

1 Kiuni .Si. Cuthben would tind biro another 

hermitage, Fincbale, in tbe wooda round 

' Durham (iJ>. cc. 11-i:t). Nut till he had 

. wonUipped in the bolyMpulchre and bathed 




in tlie .Ior6ui did (lodric take liia rotten sboes 
from his ulcerBte<l feet. Then he »p*nt a. few 
noDllis nt J«rus8.l4tn, wajtinf; iinnn othtr 
pilf^ms in th« lioAjiiul nf St. John, before 
reluming; to iriiDd^ orer England with hi* 
v&tvs in ecnrch of the FinchtiVc of hie drotm. 
Titv<\ of hi<< lir«, hu M.-itl«d in EvkediJe-Side, 
iicfij Whitby, whence he paMul to Durham. 
Al DurhuiD hi; ht-oiwi d(.'orktfej)<'f «nd beli- 
riii^r to St. CiileA. oiilAiiJc I he ciTv, and Intor 
trnnsfvrnMl hiin»!lf lo thu ciLthitdrnl churuh 
of St. Mnry. HfXf. hu would IaIir hiu place, 
listeninfir to the boys u tiiey npcuti>d ihotr 
{imlnisandhyoinH. AcbuiovcoaTeTviiLioii re- 
vealed the vicinttT of Finchale on the Wear 
Dear Durham {<: UlO). llie land belonged 
to Itiuiniilf I'liimljiinl, who*i- son luid ni'phew, 
both named liadulf or iUuuulf, took i ho her- 
mit under their ]trott;otion (*6. cc, 13, W; cf. 
c. 170). From thin lUy (lodric never left Fin- 
chnle except thrt>o uiti«ti: onco whtrn Ulshop 
Hannulf bdiiI for him, and twice far a Chri«t- 
in» eurv'iLTOr Ku«l(.TC"^minuiiiou(>^.c.'213% 
At FinchaIp(io(!rii' built a wooden chape), 
nad dixlit^U'd ii lutbi- Vir>;inMar3'. Lattirho 
«nicti'(i aHloiier.hiirir-h *in honour of the Uolj 
8epidchn: mid S\. John the Ilautist,* trnder 
wnoM etH,>cial carv hv believed himBelf to W 
{ib.oc. ^,117). Im fipirituiil matters he iih1»- 
ffiitted himwU' to the priori of Uuiham (ii&. 
C. i)^),and without thc-irperDiissionhu would 
Api'iik tu iiu visitor. He iDV<tnt4^^ u lun|^iLU|f« 
<a»muti for his nervtuitu (i/i. lu TjH ). .\l firal b* | 
hiul hut oni- nt londnni, his little ncph'^w, who 
in latter yi-nni i^axt^ lU'j^innld oiticIl infitrum- 
lioii lis to \m iincltf's wav of Uvinu' (lA. c, fil ). 
Afti'rw«rtls ill' kupi more apr^aiil^, and before 
hi* itnntK wrttiud to barx hud n prii-jit livitif; ' 
with hiiti (iX. cc. 58. 7t'i), TUt^ storiee of his 
auslerili>-K nnd his visions fin< told at l«R^h 
t)j' hif> hioji7»ij!n'i>, who, however, hnve pro* 
wrvc-d vi'ry feii'diiilinct details of bis solitary 
life. When Ki&c Duvid invadt-d Rnglnnd 
(USflFl hia ]ioUUia« hrolu! into CitKlricV 
church, hIuw thf uli) maii'b hfilVT, and bound 
thi> Huint himstdf, in thu hupu uf fiuding out 
whrn> b" hnil hidclcn his troasunt (iA.c.4U}. 
Tin- tloiwh-ii Wear h'ft his cell un Island in eur- ' 
routidiuK wBdM^niSS-/-. Eiwlt'r I141)(/ipi/, 
c. -Ifi ; for dnto, rf. HcHiRit ll(iVKm:s, i. :iOfi, \ 
JutlfToif IUxuAii,ii. 30!L),iindPreliLce,i.xliv). 
I-'vwi in f>xtn*in* old affo hw look an iut*n;»t 
in th'- oiilnidi' world, and eaji^trly ai«kfd • . 
vititor from Wy^lminslcr about the newly ' 
I'Wli'd ^c. 1103) ardibinbop of CjinK-rhnry, 
']'h"[tin» llvi'k«t,' whom be hads«ea indreant^, 
niid wouhl ho able to reoo^isc in a crowd.' 
11'- Wifgcd for Ilccket's blMxii)^, and Kfckct, 
wboii!ilti-d forliodric'spraversin r'_tiini.fx>n- 
fcoM-d in later vivira (llYO) that Godnc-'8 
pcvdJotigiU) bttd Wn futbllod (J^iy. c. 116). , 



■d hsdmmI admiration for Ejo^ Mi 
((/. » Dei:. lltKl.and wm ut fneod 



Lam, 
;n lij 




He had 

colm ((/, lll>ei:. llG.')|,aiid wat ut fneodl; 
communication wich BUbou Chritlian of G: _ 
lowaT, Abbot /Ethcltwd of Kio vaulx (d. 1 190). 
Willian de Sta. Barbara, Whop of Durham, 
whom' death he foretold, and other men 
not* (tA. w. 69, IW.lltJ; cf. CtALyttia. c. 
For the last et^ht vtuirtt of hi* life be wa* 
UnixJ to hnl, and m tbiii conditioo seeaa 
hare become clairvnvant. Ilr wonld iator^' 
rupt hiBOOOTeraatioQ to utter prayers fnrtht 
litorm-tusMid rowels of bis dreams, while \o 
others he wouhl devtrhbe the f^loriM of ifca 
new Jerucalem a« 6he now appesrad unilir 
herAngc»inltin«(iilw.ec.G6,ieS>. AltWMt 
his last recorded words, in which hv told Us 
kniffhUy viaitor that be was soon * lo fmm 
the borders of the Qnml Sea,* showvd that 
his thonirhts w«r« wanderiiui back tg the 

Sil^imngot of liifi early life (i6. c. ltJ7). Ha 
ivd, according to ihv iiucription on his tooiU 
the Thurndny before Whiuunlide. SI May 
1170, aA«r 'bavinB led a henuil's life Sir 
Bixty ytair»* (A. c. 170). In tb» first dajs 
of his retreat his reUtions came tojoin hi: 
Uia hrotlu-r was dntwned in the Wear ( 
tween llStl and 1147); Rurchwi^ne, 
remaining nith her brother for some 
was trunsfL-rrvd Ijj Durham, wbi-re ahe dii 
iiad wu buried ; but hin mother seeias td 
have died at Finchale {A. cc. 60, M, 61^^ 
t!S ; Gautud, c. 4). 

(lodric wax of modeiatn stature (Ay. 
1IX>;Gtt.KBiD.proeni),broad-Bhouldcr«dT' 
well-sel, sint'WT fraiuy, and flowing V. 
In old H|;« hix iilai'k liair turned lo an ' 
gelic whiten»u.' He wat* almost illiterate 
but inU)>l hnvi> be«n able to read the 
pmltiT, andpt-rhniMbe undinvtood . ___ 
ofcoiiveraiiiion^l ImXiu or French, tbeu^ 
biographcrH turn thrse iu!iOompli»hm(Mit* lu' 
itiinieb'S iJtr^. c«. :tS, H4, 79; cf. Df Mi 
c. ll';CAi'oiiAVB,fol.lt!»,al). Ilecomposod 
tin Kn^LLsU hymn to the Virgin Maiy. t4 
whitTh, thnuf^h ' oiuniiiu ifrnarus iniuicw,' 
.seems tn bare 6tted nn air i^^. c. fiO; 
cc. 11, 47, ir>8, 101). Th,< f^w rude Enfflith 
rhymcH attributed toGodric an: printied ntmi 
British Museum monuscripU by Kileoa ( 
I -t). Theac poems art ad<lreits'-il to the Vi 
gin. Another, addressed to St. Nicholas,! 
amnn^ the manuscripts of the Hoyal Lib 
{&, ¥. vii.),and is Aoeompaninl by the m 
to which It was to be >uii|; ( tCiTsov, p. -1 ), 
Qodric hnd unique influence overanimi ' 
liis hi-ifcr. \\ie bun' tliat nus nibbling at 
garden b^^rlis, ihi' froti-n birds, the stag 
sui»l by huntsmun, all found a frirnd in liia 
for, lo usi> his wonlit, wii^n ihf frit;il i\ t' *I 
chm^d by niidiop Flninhord'.s hiin(Ami-n, t 
nfugv in luscotta(p,>, ' proditcrr bospitis uol 



Godnc 



••9 



CK>dsai\*e 



ftd^nc'A Dfr w wnura bv Ham ooa^ 
WancuiM : !■■ tiafaw. Fnmr O i w of 

aal ht €Ubii, irte ihtiiiili t Iw Efr lo 
-Hwa^s pmr oT riwrfal OtttU** Bfa. 

v&ni • UuJe twv >t«« tte mti Golrv. kftd 
hu IcR iM » dt4«ik>) deMriftm «r iW Mist's 
HI will ijiiwimr OvmsaV weaad of 
Godrir. vzaift farllw akon a^MSaou. MCM 
loA. ftMrimM w»t uwJwnani 4 h\ Pmr 
TVmuar DuAmi (f. I IfiMtS) nd .Elkrl- 
f*d of RieruU (A llrtfl) w ^"t lij- «** 
■ftn with a v«rw l4 writinp k lifc-. At first 
Oodrie n/n-*! t^ r.»mrt«««io* ■ btognf^ir, 
but be gradnaUT riddvd. >wl UwmmI the 
K>nple4«d wtH( wbM ILefiiMid |WMail«d 
it latum ■ f-w m^m kB Mac* h» dMth < J8y. 
IK. 1 40, lit*: : nndrnts IlnriMld yicVM 

M> ftMB ' ' I'bcw mil oibf-M iif li» 

BUMidadi^ '') t' [Uiiu> rv^ifn>>*'* 

thnwreec" ' .-inkld'sworkf mDU**" 

, ilS. .^j^ I ui -i»ort and nariieat lonn'l ; 

?> H»rU-iiin MS. IM; (3> Bodler MS. Laud. 

E.I7. 
TbolaiMif (Mdr^o'RMtiTv life ani aiaittlT 

tyoclural, Wing l«*«i ( 1 1 upon Uw state- 

BBl lUnt b? wa* «ixty Tifar« nt Finchale, 

> and <:it upon hHidsntitv witH Allwrt <'f Vi»'» 
■Qiidric tbp KnfElnli (*itmi».' Th« ihrowa 
t»rk tbf •ivt4^«ii TMn of his aeafarin^ life 
' lOHfl I l<n;; aiiii, if h« wa» from twn-ntt 
tweniy-flve when hn giave up hi» p^- 
[Hw-){, 111- miiM liDTH baeo born b(^tn-«9n 
\ ftnd lOtJ-'i. IIv »-»* • medioctia iplaiis.' 
ot tbirtT-fin-, wh-n wilt .Elric at [ 

^__^ (A. 0.11: cf. I l*3rtK. /n/: i. n. 

„ rhrwnt'loKy, boirr^cr. winiM be umch ' 
_BpUftrd if, taking tint »ixtv jv*T»iu<ii nntod 
knmlier, «ri< could tiut lii:> <M>nIenMtnt al 
Fincbalr.' a f<*w yeam laier, r, 1 !!■'». I 

[LilBUo* d« Vim H. Urtirul, r-l. Raine C^tT- \ 
Soo»iy), tSIS: Aii« "Miiaiwiiiti ill-'Uii- 
,1 Xey. pp. W.f»'>. uli'fp i-HlfriJ's Lifi) is , 
I; Cawnrp'* N'itb l,»^i'n-U Aiiu^Iim-. od. 
,tM. 167. b 2-lfi«. 1> 'i: UtBton* Ihin- 
iA.Ti[.tor»Tt<».F'1.It.in*(.Suit«i»»oft), 
Albert uf Aix. e-i- Mik-"". 'fol. c-x".; 
rCh««r«. "1 Miflin'.vol. ■:l«-.;C'lir«L 
f |. L«b!»'i'llil>li"ihif.iSovn.Tiil. ii.; 

of Diirtum. vois. i. ii. (It'lU .^l«.;', «1. 

nirld; Itoi{pr..l lV..iii!..-<-r. ii.340 A'. ii-.\. tn. 

■, ■' Ml.! S.V I , WrJUT Mjifl, 

.l"OSitP. IRAd), 
I, »1. IlowU'tt, 
^flUAU: All«o Buii.(»Lii-- "f llio-'^wni-''. cd. 
1947 T 2W-01: Boriiid '•""' I* Li»'« of lli« 
' td. IB"3. T. >Kt-Sl; KingiUj'^HBnaiot 
TOL. XXtl. 






U list HI ••;>)«; otOMv nubk 

t(S«!.dkrHbLd»Ptawaa): <^ii}^ 
af ika KmV latan, ba. HJt; 
■%1MftwMHtelM»l4niMla«'. 
Wiia«a.«l 1M4. nk«ttL^ ^IMa 
St^Aica al (UK-Bt^ Ml-Xt.) T. JL A. 

O0D6AI.TS» EDW.UU* ' ■ -- '\ 
MtMiedinMbwaaMaHMMi' ^ll 

a«e«f ikaflcicindftUcrvsofTnnoi v-.<-i(tfa, 
CkabrMfii, » Dm. ISW iKiau. ArImw. 
tr. lOCV n« w«a a p«aC frund of Joha 
Cbrila|twM, hiabop of CUdntMr, and ia 
SCuT^ nipi Iw «*« apMntwl to ft Mali ia 
tWi iMlMlfaL «)n 9n Apn) 1S&4 b* ««• 
aJnUvd to th« ranorv of FnlhMni ^ 
Vif[<«i, OuBtaridptthirp, and in ih^- «ani« ytmt 
be pCDoeeded U!l>. II" fizri'^l tbi> Itfloua 
cathnlicartirWSS Jii -l.lunnit tbo 

vii)UU<iBaf ih«Biii\i ' rinlintkl V-aitSt 

dalmtea in Fvbruan I.V>i)-7 li«s l>r. Snhc^ 
wick, Tbooua I^ufcer, and Kw>hard RiHub 
wrre drputMl to ptrrnw bookk. nnd i'> ilctvr- 
mine -which wav baretaaal. llx ivfuaod to 
complr wilh the ehaa^ in rrliijioa tnad* 
after the acciMsioairfEbaabrih. In Frlimary 
1558-60 William Bailitw.lHflioparaiichfla- 
tvr, wrot« to oar »r thr «)un*n'« lumiitvn, 

SmbaUy Cwi), aniiounriiig his intaitiioa In 
pprivp HodulvH iif liio pn>lmid (fW. Stalt 
I'li^rt, !X.in. 1547-W, i^ lAOV Sam aft«r 
thi^ (fodaalrt wu dvpriviKl i,if all hi» pn>far- 
iQvuta and oUij^ed to rviim Ui AutwKrp. 
Theru h« voa rloetiid proftA^r n{ divinity in 
tbu monaateryofSt. )lieluu-l. Iliinii* litiiig 
in 1<')6S, but wlten lie dinl h unknown. 

His wurka an? : I. ' lU^torimKDcWiaslini 
par* prima, mta c<jiilinrtiir KuM'hii lVm|iliili 
lib. lU, .'kiv,' l.(>uvam. Uiitll, fyo. Tliis l^tin 
tTaiu)ali<Mi t>YJolin(.'limtiip!)<>rf»>n,lii«1)<>p of 
Exeter, waA iHlitM bv (itKUahf, vvhti iraniH 
lated Pars tortiit, * lliiit. K^-cli.'«. 8cri|iti>rM 
tJrrvci,' Ac, (Vlngnc. lATO, M., wilh Uod- 
KnWe'» oriffituil diHlicatiuu auil (ho of liiii 
lotlertt [irrifixi'd. Ulln-r <ililiuiii iijiiM-ArtHl at 
(.'ol(>giM< LU IRHI undlfil^. 'J. ' tuhu^idaiinnni 
ijiiiinimliini lfitiMiinS)icm>^V'riptiini','inKnu- 

IH.TipL 

[Pilt, Do Anftllte Si-npluriLna. n. Jilt Tan- 
ner's Bibl. Drit. {>. MU ; It-M a Cbutvli lllol. I, 
6ID: A'Mit. MS. A87(i. r. ns ; IVi..|«i'-. Ailn-aa* 
Caatabr. i. 27^: •rillov'ii Itibl. I>ii-u ; lAmti'a 
Ih><r»llirnl)i iiluotriilivo <■) tliu IIIbI. •.•{ Um I'nir. 
uf l>ml.r..!^.M.I'. 171, I'.U. 21ft.| 'IW-. 

GOI)8ALVH.SiH ,HJIIX irf ir.BO>,rWk 

of tbo ai)riii't. and cutupiriillcr of tlti> l»int| 
wa4 tht* c»i) and hi'ir nf Tliuiuiu 'IcxImIvu 
{li. Iftl-), rKp;i*trnr f>f iJm cnniiKtnry iNiurt 
nL Nrtrwtrfa anil an •►wntT of Undwl pni]»"r1 jr 
in Nor&ilk, bv Iii* (int wifx Jq»n, wbu wh» 



• r.-iric 



48 



Godric 



■■-:. - . -- II- i.j-l I ff!.-irittl adminiti-iu fir Kiic M«i- 

;--.■ i:--* ■ .L. ■/. '-'I'-i.-. ll'-"n.aiiii w»a in iVi-jidlj 

:■ :. "i.-r ■ ::;::;;:. .■■.;■.■<« wirli Uis!i-ijiL'i!r.-Uaii'.fljai- 

:..'•-: r- . ■* jv.A' ■■ ■; .Kilirln^-il ■■! l[:-^^llll\■ '/.ll'>v, 

; -^ .■,. ...- \V,..:;ir^ .:-. Sta, Ii.irl>:irii. )<;-li 'i> •^i liiirliam. 

- :r- 1:.. ■■•>■' '■■ ;■ :'!i !.•■ f-ir-;'-'.'!. hwI ■'ih-^r luiu i>f 

.1.—- :■ - :■ '•■ ,'''•. l"-"'. ll'i; <'l". 'tlLlKIH.i-.oi. 

. ;-.r.i;_ i :■;.■ li-" --.j!;! _V'-ar-'>I hi- l!:'■.■ll■.■^v,lJ(■.■lli- 
■ iv ; ■- .1- T.:.- . ■ ■• i. ri'i.i ill ;hi- C"iiii:i 'L --■m- iti 
. i ,;..■- r ...•.- '.■■■ ■„•■ i-'.;i:r\ri_v;ir.;. Hf wmiiii Inkr- 
-.. L .T ■. : .;: !..- m----;i-mii th u-f-rprav-r- i'TlLe 
. - 1.-. -. ■■ ru.-- — ■ : \-.-.'.. 1,1' hi- .ir-.iii.r. wi.iir t.) 
.■- : -'.' .• ■i-r- :.- -a ■ .1 i ■:■.— .-ritj- t:.- i.':'i.-i''> of ^he 
-- .■ ■ r— ■ • -^ J-r .- il-::: »» -L- 1. w zi] j^-arvii iiniW 
'■\-f ..-rAL.--..:. ;.;:._-s A'.-/- ''•■."»'■. i'^'-i. AIkm^: 
. -.-.j-l :.-:..■:-. riv.i w.rU.in wb.-!ili.-t..lilhi. 
-.-:'-. ■■._-'..■.;. ■..--■■.r -iij: h- w,i- -i. m • 1 ■ ]ar# 
■■■-:- ' .■ '■ - .-r- : ■:.■ lir-a" S'ra." -Liw.-Jii.« 
. . ' .-■".. _■'-.•- -.v-r- wji. i.-r;yi_ iiin-k !.■ •ll- 
:.-:-: ■- \ .-:..,.-- : :.i- —riy l:^- . />,. c. I'^rt. Hr 
■- i -'.. : . :. : i ■ J" ■'!.■> .11-1 T;]'"i..t, r.pii bi-Mmb, 
-i --■- ■ - T:..r-:;y i.rf r- \\:::'-u;.ii.:.:. lil Mjt 
L - '.'." . -.i'T 'i.-i-.in^- 1—i u r.v-r:iii''> lite i -t 
■-.. . \-- -.- -r- " ■.. l^. 17'". In •.;.■■ tir-t dav. 

'--1- :_.-T-"--i" ...- r--^i"i ■!!- ■■uni'- !■■ ■■'in him. 

: ■ - :: ?i.- :.r ■:.- r -.Vi- dr w;..-.! '.r. t'.- \V.'iiril>- 

■ --. - r ■■■— r. '..■■•• .:.I lU7l: I{ ir-.'!iw,-uv. b:'-t 

_. : - ■- --■.,.,.■. : _ V..-:, ::-r lo^th-r f- - t^'Ii;'- liior. 

-. . - - -v.. • . -:.:r-: - K.ir',.:::. wV^■ -L. .itel 

-. _ - 1 .v. :.. ■ a: I-./Kt ■ ■ '-. ol-. •*: <"4, tjl. 

.V !:-■ . - .■ ■ V. .- :' ri: J-r^'- j::.;i;r-- :l!-i c. 

: • . - ^:.::-.:r.r::; .It ..; :"L-.;i:!- :->i.wiJi 

■ •—.' - - . — ■. -r.- IV :>i::.-. -.T.-i :iiWi-._- i-*ti. 

I:, i . _■■ .- 1 . k :. . > • .:■;:■. J ■ ■ aii ■jn- 

_ . ■-: r- _■ .. - ,..■■■•>-■ H- ^^;l- :iUi. -; iiSilrnle; 

- -• . . .■ :.. -- '. ■■-■■:. -.r.;- : , r-.v..; ■l.-U'ia 

- . : - ;-.■;..- :••-!. ■.:•> L- :i!: i- r-' ■■:~'a:r!liiiu* 

■.:_■- "■ :.v.-.,- ■..■.l.,r:': .r l-.~'r..-!..';./.i.-h!iii 

.- -'- :.-:.- J .. .■..:-.'.•;. 7.':" ,:./<- .Vi>. 

': . . : :. »: -z.f- :..:">1. !'■",:■. 1 1. Hr-.-./unfiird 
.- . . }■-..:.-:. :.;:;.:; r.. 0.. V:-k >rt:y. !■■- 

■ .;. . -■ . . ''.. ..'.. ■ :: ;.:!;■,■ ;_-T-.-ir .- iir.i-ii-.f.' !-- 
-1 _ - --..-- .:■■■■ ::■■-: aj; i.r ~ J;-::i.: '}ii:C. 

::.;-.::.-. I-::-, 'l;..■^■^^ r^V-. i:!i.ii-b 

■ . ■- ■ - - ■■-. .-- : - Ti -ir.iir-i.rnt'-itr-a 

, : "i-. '..■-. ai:r- — .; ;■■ r^;. N:.-h ■'.!.-, j 

: ■ ..:.::-....'■■■•:;. jMi.!-; T.y :i;i- m.i--'' 

: -A 1- ■ ■ 1— - .'.i.- I l;ii!»"-N. ]'■ i ■ 
- - . \ .:;;.■.■■:-,!'.-:, I- ■ .-. ■ r ii:i:a'i.ik 

...-■-. ■'.- ''- I- :: ' : :-, 'i..' -;a; fi^ 
' - ■-•■...z. :'.'. : .;-.■. 1. iri-Ti'l ii: !i.ni; 

- ■ - .:--l'::. ; Fl;imi';irii'- Lur-t.-m-'ii, I'^i'k 



Godric 49 Godsalve 

L-> lift *« Trr;:>a hv Tlir^ c-:::- ;'- jj*^":. ^r.;; ^i-/,^ i_-~'^^~ ^'- W^- 







ivfu^'i t" c ''ini-jr.Ar.c 



vd w.irk wh-ii i:-j:n-.li :---^::*r-i ijl--i-i:i ,:, y-:r_L-- ".>''.-r 2.-^. Ir >ri;- 



nts tec. 4-, 'il '■ I'.i"-- "■--' — . . _ 

S. »±1 I it= -^U'^r i;i i ■ -r"..--- : r= ; :.".— i. -.V_; 






iml. b^'in;.' Im*-*'. ■ 1 ■ i;--^ "- -'-"~ F:--k > :i. l"-i"-T«, : '.'.: ^' i lt-it 

b»t h- wa- r!\:y yr^r- a! t^.^i.-. -■;^"j -i lUtZ-^ -l- it-.-.--l :' i„ i..- -,-■:'>.-- 

upon hi* iil-n:::v ■*■;::. .V.f-;r- !A-\? :_-i:i i^ ; ,-i - :--..v - .■..■.-'•— ^ 

c th- Kneli-Ii i'ira:--.' TL> --r »;, t^.-. i. ^_, , J -_; -- ^-.. , -'..-j^--:- 

le •ixi-"!) y-A^i "i L.s — .iTirr. j .::■: -':_. — ■z.i.-'.rT^ ' *■ }-! :i.i.-- .'.'- x_. .'-".* 

i-Ilf.': an 1. :t' ii- -.vi- :> :=. •■"■^-■v :-"..>.,-.-..--. lt- i;- i-,-i ,• .^ i -. ^ •. 
DtT-fivf v.-!i.-n !>- _-aT- ;: :..- v ".- }l .-r ri- _-- 1 - ji_-" -.s .'-- —.t-" » 

ick. h- inu<; !.:ii-.- t»-^E >".r- :-"■■ — ^ 7iLr- -tj^l . _i. : -■..-.r" ." ?-;-—" ri'^:-.. . 

ai \**>'. II- w'ii- ' :'■-- --■■ • *-*i'---' I.: l" . :; ^j ."t.:. "->;■■ -■ ~: .- I-t,- ^ 

lUt tliinv-liv--. wh- n w.*-. .K.r - i" --i.-,-. .'.l-. -.'-- "i.".-- >::--- i. l i ^ 

iffham ii':<: 1! : .r' I'lX::-. / /. .. '■ F-l^vt. tj^ -..-.-. - - -L-t.-- v ■. . ■-..■.._ 

imnolfijy. Ii-.v. ■■,-■-. «- :. : •- ~. l ii-_.i j-t,-. rr.: ?£.-- >- ■ ^ ?<■.--,'-.--( 

iedit'. takiiij*!."- '■ y-.iir- -.- -. - .r. : ■•,-—:. Ji: i"- -'" ;" _ t : .> 

If a f-W T-;ir- .:i*-r, ' :.-■> '.-"-Tr Z'-' '-■ ■ .- ^-'-..^ ■- L'.-i'-; t 

•III.- .i.vi-.: -.■•■■ ■ -'.li:.- --•- ; ...^; ^ _-- ,- .-._ _ ;..,.■■, .-„. 

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t M:t.v. v: ■ ''".-■■ " ' ■■■■ - - :- • Z --r^ 
; l.'.tp:.'^-iv. - N 1 .^ - ■- .'. -" - *■■■ . . _ ,., 

Ml. i.v: ',?-;..-.. _^ ;■■■-. -■-- . :'.{'':r ' "'■■:■ ':■ . 

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roll! ,rr. - ■ ; V ^.- . -^ - " ' . ., ' . 

-r \.. -::.: ■ :V ■- - ■ - -: : .:'-:. ... 

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; I{...- • 'iV ■' _ fj-j- «;.» ^V5_ - ; . • ".> 

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tA.XKi.yM'- ■ y. -I-. :-^^---^- - " '" "■■■•■ ■ ■ . v . 
. XXII. ' 



God 



win 



so 



Cod 



win 



bnnt«l witli liex fatuband in Si. Su-pfafn'o, 
Norwich. John Godsalve wbs clerk of the 
flira>!t ( a»noiut>.H] bofore Jantuiy 1S31) to 
Ht-nry- Vlll. ili- was i«*»fnt «{ thi- Hprrw- 
tinns at Ituulognt- in 1514. In November 
1632 II Rmnt in iiiirvivnn>liip of llie oKcv of 
commnn metier of all i-lntbi« of gnld And Kilvr 
tieBUe, &c, in tW city of Lomlou was given 
to hinn nnd Willinm TtIa.kcnhalL In 1547 
(Edwanl \'l) he waa created kui|u:ht of the 
C*rp«t, and «-u appointed one of rhc crown 
TiHiton to biquirv- Iiott far the Mt^lioiM had 
olievi-J Ihc imlers of llt-iirv \'I1!. During 
tbf third yi-ar of Edward \1 he w«* oamp- 
tn>lWr of thf mint (Kldiko, i, 37)- In 
liWi hi- i* mentioned a-* bi-lourinfr to th*" 
St. tiforj(t''» ComimnyBi Norwicn. liedied 
on 20 \>tv. iri.'(ti,s«ii.*Mof rhi> Norfolk nifinor^ 
of Lodtioii, Iii^loee (in hothlon), ilocking- 
ham, Minvet's in Sethinj;. f'aiitley, Thiirt'iii, 
IjatLfrhalp. Scthinir, Knain^thnm. nnd Bnk'>n- 
hamt'iTTv. lie niarrii^l (Ijt-fure I'l.'Ut Klixa- 
beth Widmerpolc. Tliry hod two sons. Tliu 
oldrel Miu WilUauj dlnd wlthuut iwut: : llieir 
second Aon Tboina«> (rf. loB7) ha4l a moii and 
huir Rog^r, 

A ininialun- FqprnM-nting Bir Jidin C*od> 
enlve armfd with tipMr ana diipid, and in- 
scribrHl, 'C'npUim in castris ad Itolomani ' 
riMl ?], nt on« rimi' b^Ioiij^wl fo Christojihr-r 
tJodfialvv,cli>rk U) the vici iiKllina: otlic^ under 
CWrU-sl.and i»nowiii the Ftodli-iuu Library. 
B!oiuviJr!d(.V<"^c/X', \ii, 'il-l) luciitinr;!' a p»r- 
Ifitit ofJuh:! tioiliuiUeii.->l>i-ing'in IbvcliWHt' 
ftl Keiii>ington I'ahu.-^.'. 

[Ulomcfitld'H Norfotk. v. 2&8, 426, rii. 21S. 
SI4,&c. . Frundf** Hi"). of Kn^l., iv. rbiip. xxi*.; 
BwUiig'a AnDiU of tlir CoiaosD, L 37; Korfolk 
Tour, I. 3; LtMtcn anil PaferN nf Hcor; VIII 
(Bravur Mid (iHininc.r). vol. it-. pL iii. p. SO^S, 
Tol. V. Hm. 503 (ii), 314. ;JH. Oil. 743. 1118. 
1846. g. 36l{3-t). 1A9S(12>. imd p. JM; vol, ri. 
No. 297 (ii) nnd No. 678.] W, W. 

OODWIN or OODWINE «/. UV,:i i. t^rl 
of thtWi-st-Suxoiis, viaslhesonof Wulfnolh, 
and may jiroljiiblvWidfiitifiod with Ihiitiod- 
wino, wu of Wuffnoth, to whom tliu B'tholicnf 
jKtl(i*Utan[</. lOlfir «* under KDMfXTiIitox- 
etDKJlL-n. cvnaiii Innd wliich hii^ f»lh<-r Wolf- 
norh had bt-ld ( fWp.. Dip/, lii. :Wi:n. Vkho 
thja Wulfiiolli Kii!^ in un<'cr[iLin. Florence (i. 
160, an. 1(.>07) lUHke^ (iudwiiu' t!ie 8on of a 
WulfnolJi who wa.tthi-sou'if .■-Klhi-lmwr, thf 
brother if Eadiie Si reona [n. v.J Tliiii!<i>«mfi 
almofct impOWibU! I'cir rlirnnidncicnt reasons. 
Aoochi-T aooount iCanterbury fArfmi'i/', an. 
1008) rr-prt'tM-nli* fiixiwine a"i the son of 
Wulfnotli, child of tli« 8oiirh-8oxons, who 
plundered lb*! "'inth t:avit in lOlW. It Ik po8- 
iJblf that tVimpton, tin- i-rtatc which .-Kllud- 
clou left to Oodwin<>, \Vuiri]uth*fi «on, muy 



have bt>en oooflscalvd afln- thi« tT>«wui ; il 
api>fftrH to hare ri'inained thf> propprty nf 
fjodwiue tbfi earl orof his Bon Harold i Kkcl- 
■ijf, jVomwm fWi-Tw^/, i. flll ). Snun' Inir 
hilt indcnottdetit inulilionR make (iodnisf 
the fton of a man of rhurliidi conililioii, and 
xhe^KynxYinpaSufltt' ( Anfi^.CrlfoSraHdict, 
p. J-iDpHy* that he was the »in of a wealthy 
mmer living near Sh«rston<j in Wilt«hirr, 
uid tliut after the battle tberf eari I'lf nx^ 
with him, idayiKi a night and a day at bit 
falhera honse, and then look him 14) ContV 
fli>i.'t, KHvr him liiK ninler in warriaoe, and 
obrninrd for him the rank of eitrL Tkt 
wtdwpread elorj- of bin low liinh i" ciiri< 
hut iwems to he of no hUtoHcal Talui* ; it 
in Hat oontradictioD to the words of Wil 
liam of Jumii-Ki-s (vii. 01. 4)n thcwholei tin 
8ftfti.'<r iheiir^' it) tlinl (todwine wan the aon cf 
Wulfnolh, the South-o^.\on child t \amutn 
Conguffl. i. tiot« F, (i.^i-)il; KoRKKnOS, 
L»*i/j/9, p. ISH). lie had a brother naned 
Alwy (.Elfwinc), who wu* mad» abbot of 
Newmiiuter in V)(Vi, and t'vll in thf I.hm- 
I of lUsltOf^H {lilif^r tU Ilifda, Introd, xir\iii 
I .Von««/iwrt. ii. 428). fcariy ia Cnat's 
I he app*^ani a* a man of high poeitiou, 
is de5mb(<d an ' dux,' or oai), tn 1018 ( 
Dipt, iv, 3, Iiie namn oome* lact of »ix 
Il lia« l>cen wipjoicd (Robhhtsos, u, a.> 
be is the Oodwine wIiq is uid by : ' 
ffiveu before lUiJO to hare been nia 
duuichti'r of IJjrlitric, idisniiGcd «p._ 
with Lte brother of Kadrie ^tr«onL 
marria^ look plnci* befont Cunt uid 
bishi>p Lyfintf (O-'Mr l>ipl. iv. 10). 
(lodwirip of the charter was apparently 
man of high portion in K^^nl and 8i 
hut d<K->> ni>l (u-itiii (o hate Ittn-n an i-arL 
therefore, the charter refers to the sun 
Wulfnolh, th»t RinrriH^it must In- nifem-d In 
a dntf between lOld and lOl^^. WilUan 
of .Malmeobiir^', tlinuKh mnkinj^ an ob%"io» 
blunder Bb.:iutG.«lwin('itniarTihp>8,proha 
had mimu authority for liis statement tl 
he waa IwIlw uiorric(! ( Grsttt Iteijum, i. 341 
A marria)^ with a uiere of f5ailric mi 
aa->iH»t fur I tie i^latement of l-'Iorenoe 
fiodwinuwaBconnLMMcdwitliKadricI 
tlin nat iir»' nf ihe roimnclioii mi(r4it 
Minfufied. If the charter refiTu lo flod 
sooof Wulfniith, and to iLu nieou of 
thf raarriiiire may h" cunsidrn^d a 
one, f'niit thua plaeini; ' thehtMreei' 
holme of F.sdric anil Hvrhtric in th« _ 
oriiir> firm^wT iinpjHirtoriii thesoutli oPi 
land ' ( UoBeKixoK ). It. cannot, h.iwsvtf^ 
I said to he at all ccrtatn that the charter 
uueiAion refer* to the future earl of ih« W 
pSaxoiLs; the name (j'jdwine wan vcr7i"~' 
, at tliit period. Early iu CniilV reign 




Godwin 



5» 



Godwin 



4tio stood hijfh in lli» kinif's fiivnur. Hp ' 

rroinpiiriitil rmii on Uin visit to I>Aninnrk 

in liH!', IS mid lu tiavt^ comnuitKlw) ft bijdv 

[nf KiiL;li»Iidiiriiii^'thfkin;:'#«Kii«(lilionii(^ii»t 

Ltb»^ Wt^ii<1r<, finO to liitv<> iliatingiiHhfd Iiiin- 

Ivelf in (111- w»r [mh* iimier ("AM:-r»;\ Cniit 

irntd'^ him hi-tcbicf n(lTi«orunilnilinit(«'d liini 

to tli^ (.■<infi(l"Ticv. llr DtKiriiHl liitii loCivtha, 

lilt.' siMur of tarl t If, who wna the liiiAlmni) 

rof lli■u\vubi>^•r,Iv•tntb,an<Itbu iiit^M ^on'er- 

I fill of Ibe L>&DUh L-itrU ( i'l^tiirs'c::, I. L*<->:^ ; 

. AuftM ui- Bbiimln, ii. (^fi^; S.ixo, p. IW}. 

I lirthu iirtrnini^ufllycBllMl thenintirufOnul, 

J''Ua Eadwrdi'.p, .'t<)L'l,jiti<] {m)bably uti bie 

rplum to Kn^lntiil cipfKiinti-') him i*»rl wf 

ib^ Wfrat-Sa^nns ( Xurimn (frnquf^t, i. 4tSi)). 

Altbou^ (■•xlwint.' yn\h nn <«rlalrt-silr, tberi.< 

i- noihin)^ tn <^hi^«' wliAt jiirt^lii'tion be hud 

Iiilh'TU' held, for the inU of l^arl of Kont 

wbifli i* nomi'limiT* fiivcn him do-.-^ not re»i 

Dnrntr unoirnt iiiith<ii-lty I ili. p. 1I>1 ), ^^'«»«?x, 

ibe 'li'iup of Kiiitltith mTal'y,' bad utrter 

brfor>.' Ir-cu pbtcfd tiiidtT tnc f;[OTcrntnent of 

K enbjvcl. tli<^ kiuK ruled tbt-iv in persoo. 

|ThU KntLnfffToeBA hod been mnintAitiod by 

CiLut ; wbili; ibo roel of lb>- kint^lom ws« 

diTwlMi tnti^i grcAt enrldoms, hf kopt ^\'i3sspx 

in Urn owu hajidA(f6. p. 446). lit; toiv h&w ; 

foimd that hi* tiUnvnf northrrii voiMiuvlt i 

tumAe it fIcAirflble that h^ should place i ' 

rivvn'y over tbr>w>>sllbia6t and most impoi^ , 

l«ni pArt M hU n^v kingdom, iind tba new i 

«iri of the W««i-S«xoii« buctmu; hi« repre- 

I M-&tatiTPlbi'n>. and in his ata^iice from En^- 

tknd sMiiu, ill 9U)mc inoaitun-, tu Iiave acted 

k^lpivenioroftbi-rvalnK ('(V«. p.-IH'J). Ciod- 

viaewiut I bus tlu.' most powerful man in the 

hufplom aft«-r ibv lunt{ lumM-'lf, and fruiu 

utiotit |(1^bi9nam>.> wnlinoitt always written 

ill flian<'r4 liefKro iLo numet^ of all other biv 

bobl»», whoihf-r Kn^linli or Dnaixh. He 

gkined xn^x wealth, and held lands in almugt 

prvryohirr of soTitbem and (:t*ntrnl ICngliind 

l(iiii:t:.s' I. I'nidfiit in iroiiiuwliuid .itn'iiuoiifi 

in ivar he hnd punt'd O'nut's iarour, and the 

kiiiR l<j>ik delight in bi« ftoeiety, Willi an 

unroRtmon cupacity for work be combined ii 

I i-hottrful K-mpvrnnd a general courtocy. IIv 

i wiiA not pufiud up bv u\t mptd ritk* ; wa^ &!• 

i|f«utleiMluanuuiUBrK,uniluu«rearYinKly 

jitifflobifiw|tuil8aDd hisinfrriDKi X'itai. 

n wa* Mn <rloi)UPiil Mpirjiki-r, nnd hU oratory 

' *»<m» I'l bavi- ln-t-ii of «nu«di-nihb- iou4)iilauc« 

toliiin. >'oruiaii«riUTedescnl»hima*iii'rw!F, 

ciiminif, ami ^r.-.-dy ( Wir.i.iAM OF PutllKiyt, 

r. 179: Willi A» or JiiMt):nLH,vii.i;. ii.l,and 
lennr of ii unt ini;don (p. 7oS ) Inkw t hv >win)« 
' liwr; William "f Matiiiif«hurT not't* th** dif- 
l fiinut ealinial4«. fnnned by htiiti<*h and by 
NormttuwriicnK fh-Ma Rtytim, i. .tiVi). f Joci- 
wiBit tjipeftn In bavt* beoa u rcniarkalily able 



nan, ambHioim, iiuiirni{mlntift, and tsKer for 
tilt' ainrnindiai'nu'nt of bis holiw. Hid mar- 
riuiji-withU vihn,iind lhi.<hvnfliljiivhii-hher»> 
c*-Jvwl from (Innt.nQtiiraUyKaTe him Daainh 
itvinparlut^, bis two eldtT sons Swi-Ran. or 
.SivptkI, nnd llitrotd wi>ri- callt-d hy l>iinuth 
numc«. and though be lived lo ri'pn.'s^'nt Eng- 
lish national fi^lini;, it is nut unlikciv I hut at 
ihii' pi/riod 'bii mu6t hnvr si-4'tnr-d to tunj^liah- 
un-Q moro HfttiM than Knulishniau * (fiiCHii^t, 
OjwjiUfi of Enfilnnd. p. 1711). 
(Jn ilKMhtLlbol'Ciiiit ill HWOOodwineaiip- 

!iort«>d thi- tliiim of llarLhacnut, \\w son of 
^nut by Emmu. lu ihUbvwuHvnik-uvouriti^ 
to carry out Cbf plan of ('nut, and lo Mcurea 
continiian^'e of tun conntttion. IwtwtM'n Eng- 
land and lt<.-ninuH(. Wliiln ha tind tlit mim 
of hinTiirldftra vvi?r« in favour of Ilarthannnt, 
eurle Siwnrd and Li'ofnc and the people 
north of tho Tbami-.t And tlii> [jondoiti^nt Aa- 
clan-d for flnrold. A witiiijc of thi^ witan 
witA held at OxftHxl; (lodwine iin<l th« citinf 
men of Wi***! perBMted n« lonj; /».■* they 
could, nnd at U«t yielded to a proposal that 
tho kingdom shonld ho diridod [se« undi;r 
IIakuld 11. In llarihaenut'tt a.Lp«isn« (rod- 
win*! artwi us tho pliief minister of ICmna, 
who ruh-d WmtL'x for her auu, and bu thus 
bad Ihi* kiiiu''s houiwcarU or utiurd under 
his command. The division of tiie kingdom 
muat bavu raat<TtalIv Ir-stAcniKl liiit iiowir, 
whirh wasnowt'onfined to Weasex. Ilartba' 
(rnul rvmnin(»l in Denmark, and his pro- 
]oni;ed ahM-nci- ■tri'it^thi-ned Harold. In 
10!)(t ibo eonH of Lmma by bvr lirsl bimbond, 
.Kthelred Lbs Unready (see under ^■El.FBaD 
the ntheliog and Edwabd thu Coxkbs- 
Houl, ceme ov«r to England. Th« deaih of 
.Klfreid and the erneltios iiractis«d on him 
and hi« mun art' attributvd (o Uudwinu by 
naini-in tin- Abingdon versionof tbe t'kroiu- 
cle and by Fiorouce of Worowter. In the 
WortvxtiT vrirniiin ihi-y ari' put down lo 
Harold: in the'Kuromiiim Emmu^'OodwinB' 
deccysthu wtbt-liui;, wlidt- tbi' actual attack 
is xuhAn hy pArtiiuinit of Harntd. Tho hlo* 
grapber of^ Eadword the Conf(!ssor, writing 
a panc^ryric on (lodwinu and bit bouse for 
Godwitui'v dauRbi«r, osaerta tliai tba earl 
was innocHnl. William of I'oit iers, ofcourte, 
aiuHrrts his fndll. Williiuu v\' Mulmesbury 
did not tiiid lh<- atory of .KUrad':* death in 
tJn! vrrsions of the Chroniclp with which he 
was acquuintvd, and aoL'ordiiiiclv lulla il 
mi-n'ly a- a lualler of rommon report which 
aarribitl thii dead to the Rth'.ding's fellow- 
count rynien nnd rhicflv tii liodwlnr, H«nry 
of Hiinriiigdnn'et account, which i§ mom or 
Whs a romauoe, simply shows tlwl inhiitfi»i«> 
tlirru was a strong' tradilJon of (lodwinii'a 
ffiiill. A Urge number of the earl'» ooii- 

■ 9 



Godwin 



50 



Godwin 



biintril will) bur hiulaiiul in Bi. Stapiir-a'n, 
Norwich. John <lod«aIve wm clerk of tii« 
einiPt (Kpiwinti.'d Wfurc Jaauary I'lSl) tu 
Hi-nrYVill. 1[» «-■» i>rt-ju*ii) ml \ht- n|wm- 
tiiiru mt UuulDgiiL' in I^t-l. In Noi-ember 
16;(:i « R^ant in Htmiv'>nihi|> <>f tho otlicn of 
lynnin'iii inKiTof all dittlih ut eahl And tulv^r 
tiMue, Sic. in t)i<.- cilj of Ivcjiiilon wnti pven 
lo him nnil William KUki'nhAll. In \M7 
(f^lward \ I) ho wa* created kuighl <A llie 
L'arp<-t, and wns appoint«d one- of tlic crovra 
vtnU'.n* to inquire now far iliu hi^ll<PIK^ luid 
nbried tUt! onlt-rs of IlKtirv Vlll. During; 
thf third yi-ikr of Cdwanl Vl hv wit£ ouisp- 
trolltfr of till! mint (KtiDlNtt, i. 37). In 
l.W.'i Iiu is mi!ati»n»(1 ac bi-loncing to tlip 
8t. <mirgt>V CJi):n|innv»l NorwitJi. I|«>di'^ 
on 20 Nov. lB<"jfi,si-iBi'(iofthi' Nnrfolli niAnnr< 
of l<od(loii, In^tosi^ Ot> Lmlilon), llncking- 
hBtii, Minyet'* in Swfhinp. CaiitW, T)iur1rni, 
Lan);hidf. 8<!lhing, Ha^iiighom, nnd Bo1«-n- 
Lani l'Vrr\-. 11^ luarrieJ ( Iwfm* loiM ) Klua- 
bcth WidmtrpolT. Tlu-y hud two k>iis. Thu 
vldeW »0M William ditil wilhrnit itswi; th>.'ir 
tiecond BOn Thomiu {d. I6U7) hud n wrn auil 
heir liog«r. 

A miniatum reproAiMilin)): Sir John Ood- 
nalvi^ amii^ with epear and xhield, and in- 
M-rilM-d, 'Cii|iliini in, cnetrio ad Bolnnintn ' 
fl.Ml h], (it one limi" bi'lnnfiMtoChristniilii-r 
f toiJiiaUe,('It'rk to the vietiiullinc' ofliri' under 
t.'lturloftl.and in now in thi* R>Klli.-iini Librury. 
BKiitii-llt.-ld I Xvr/olk, \ Vi. I'l 4 1 in t-nl ioiii' u por- 
trait (if John (if^idHalveaa being 'in tlwclo*ot* 
at Ken»in^uii I'alnot!. 

[Bioniftfiold'a Norfolk, v. 868. 424, vii. 213. 
3H.&V. ; I'roudi-'jt ni«Lof Ki\iil„ it. .-hAp xxir. ; 
Rudin^'fe Annnls of tlic Coiii>f>. i. 37 . Korfolk 
Tour, i, 3 : Lotlfw ami Pap«n of Heftty VIII 
(Braver mid ON-mlnur). ml. ir. pL iii p. 304fl, 
toL t. Nor 8fta (ii). »48, 514. "Jll. 7*3, 1118. 
1246. g. UiiiH). umVi). an<l p. 753: vol. ri. 
Kn, 2fl9 <ii> nnd No. oTiS] W, W. 

GODWIN or GODWtNE (rf. HViS), curl 
of the WeM-Soxone, was the eonof \S'ulfuoth, 
and mar |>ralmb1vlH-id>.-nt)tiod with tbi-(lod- 
wlni>, ffonof Wnlfuoih, towbotniho tfthvling 
.'I'lthr-lHtaiifrf. lOlli:- s<-eiinderEDMt'Xl»lRox- 
niDi:] loft ccTluin land which hi» fnlKi-r Wulf- 
nolh liait held ( Vnd^, SMpl. iii. ;in;i ). Who 
thi.i Wnlfnoth wue 1^ unci-nuin. Florcncfi 1 1. 
IflO, an. 10071 lunkw' <)i>d"in(' thu »'jn of a 
Wiilfnoi.h who was tln'M>iiof .Kihi'lmiiT, tbi* 
brotherof Cadric StctKjnii [q. v,] This soema 
^moet impoanblr for chnmidtigicRl n-HKimo. 
AiMthirr afloount ( Cnnterdun/ (^rQniHf, tin. 
1008) repref>«>nt« riDdwint> as tho eon of 
Wulftiotht diild of The South^Sasona, who 
pLlUtdered the winth coast in UXW. It is iio»- 
iiible thai Ooioplon, ihr t-Htutp whl^^h .'Kiliil- 
stao lefl to(iodwi»c, Wulfnoth'a auu, may 



hnroboini oonRscatwl after tbii ln«jtot) ; it 
appeaRt to hare remained th^ propf>rtT 
Oodwiue the earl orof huson Uarold ( F 
MAX, Xi'mvm Cau^urrt, i. (Ml), f^ooui 
)>ul independent iraditionfi make tlodvi 
the son of a tniin of rhiirlioh condition, 
thc'KyntlincaS«jra'lylwV7.Cc//o-.S. 

J>. ]3l\»a>-atuat he was the am of a weali 
arnit^r livinj; near Shcrstont: in Wil 
I and that aAcr the battle there ear! l.'lf 
, wit h him, stayed a night and a day at 
faihiT'i; houAL-, und then look liim to Cnul' 
I Qm-*l, ^vi- him Iii* HiNler in marriaffe, oad 
ohtnini>d for him tho nnk uf earl? Tli» 
widii'pra.'vd xlor}' of hix low iHrth !■ eu^i■lu^ 
I huT ^ftma to \w of no historical valni?; ii if 
' in tht contradiction to the words of Wil- 
liam of Jnniii^^s (vii.D). On thewhotetlu 
aafext I heory in I hat Godwine was thp «m of 
Wulfnolh, the 8">ult(-j>ux"n cliild \Honnm* 
ConiftifAt, i. now F, ftiO-lrt; KoBtiinDOS. 
lU'tiyit, p. IMti). lie had a brother nameil 
Alwj- l.TClfwinc). who wa* made ubbot nf 
NewoiiuoUT in KKiH, and fell in the Ittitir 
of Hastiuf's I l.ilier iff llifda, Intnid. xxxvil. 
Moniitlmm, ii, 428). I'lirlj' in Ciiut'* nAe^ 
he appr'an n* a man of hitfh position, for he 
ia drjuTibe<l us ' dus." or earl, in 1018 1 C>'l' r 
Dipl. iv.'l, lii»i uamnnjmeit In*! ofMx efirUt. 
It liiui l)i.'«n onppojied (RoBBRTMN, 11. A.) 
ho is the Oodwioe wlid in said by a cbi 
ffiTCu bi'fort' 1020 to hnvc been mnrriml to 
UBiiKhl^r of ItTrhlric, idonlifieJ appniow' 
with th«? brntlier of lindric Strtona. "" 
RtBrriugv took place U-fort: C'nuL and .' 
bi«liop LyHoK (0»if.i Dipi. it. lOt. 
(lodwine of the charter wha apparently 
innn of hij^h pmiiitiou iu Ki.'iil and Si 
but dws mil w-em to have t>e(n an e*rt. 
tharefort', I he charter n-for» to the son 
Wiilfmilh, ihi- mitrrln)^' mii«t hf rt'ffrrn-d lo 
a date between 1016 and lUlS. WilUuB 
of MRlmtwbiirv, thoiiRh innkiiig an ub^-Kia* 
htund^T about IJ<idwino'Aniarrii^re(i.prohahf 
had some authority for his et^itemeut 
be was twico mnrriod ( fif*fii Ktuum, i, M 
A marriuffo wilJi a niece of Endric 
Ai'cnont for thu «tatemen( of Florence t' 
f lod wine wnai!i>nnBclcd with Ividricbjl: 
lh« naturt' wf the connection might ea-tilv 
rnnfnspd. If the charter rufers lo Oodwi; 
eonof Widfuulh.aiid t<j the niwouf d 
the marring- uiny {»• counidcred a politii 
one, Ciiut thuh placinK ' the beireaa of ihe 
hoiow of Eadric and Hvrhlric in ths ham' 
of bin firmuit sujip-'rlr'r ni ihownth of 
land' (ItoDUKTKoM. It cnnnot, howBvei^ 
Mid to he At iiU cvrtAin that th« ohArlar 
«iK'<t ion refer* to I be fut ore earl of the Wi 
^Saxniia; ihenameOodwincwasvcij 
I at Lhifi period. Early in Cnuia Kign 





[|U*( 



ine Kbmi] liifth in tb« kitu(*t hvoiir. H» 

Viimpanifi Com nn huvuitt to IVnmark 

(}\\K ix taiii lo tuve oommatidiHl a b-xly 

'*iik'Ii>li'liirini£t)inl(ini**«cx|MKliti<>niteB,ini(t 

\V'"tiit-). unil to havH (lUtinffiiUhca liirn- 

If tit till' Hflr W- iin'l'<r <.*»V('Ti;". Ctiiit 

tdo liini hin I'liii-f ftilvi^r Atii] mlmiM'-d lufo 

his ivintiifrtiki-i?. ) !>• inarriet) liim tiili-vthti, 

' •i'rtof of p«rl I'Jf, wht> wi»9 the ttiithmiil 

UcowuftiM'T.Koiriih.niiiltlic i»>i>v] iK^ner- 

of the ll«jiie.li earlfl (_F(-6m:ttCE. i. 5<r;: 

or Hiumm \ li. (1.52; SlXO. p, HNS. 

i11Wihe«i'<ii^r<ir('iiul, 

,' '-'IiSimI probablv un liis 

to Kiiplftiid KpiKjiiil^ him •■nri nf 

I Wnt-SasuRg ( XnntMH Cmi^ufst, i. 4(31 ), 

It tinii^li ( it'dn-ine' wiut nn e«r] iilrttnilv, t hen' 

I n<>lhi[i)( Lo itlinw wli/it jiirtmlii-tion lif' hiu] 

ithcrto held, lor tlit> titlo of I-Jirl of Ki^ni 

rtiich U ii>)n»>liin>--" itivfn liim d<.H>4iint r«j*t 

jAnTiiiin>Antauth"rit}'(^-p''l'>l >■ Wmwh, 

JO 'lu>m(» nf Dnglinii Tovalty,' hnd nrter 

ttliiivd iinilcr r^c piv^rnmcnt of 
i<f kitiK rul'id tlwn- iu |>er«<ii]. 
'"lit [lAil been luaintaineil by 
' - r>?«1 of tliL' kitif^'iui wft» 
;■■ k -tl ••AHflrmiw, W kH|(l WewsfiC 
I'tf nwii liatiiU(i£, p. 44«). Hb may h«vi? 
iJini ' I- [.111-.. iT riortlicm conqurst 
I ' should pUce v 
<n T .t and tnostimpor- 

1«nt pari i4 liin new kiiiifilnni, nnd tlia new 
rl of tie Wesi-AiAons U><»ine Ui» nart- 
itutirollinre.nnd in his kb«en<.'<! from Hn^'- 
id am'nif, ID wimu nii^iuiiirv, lo liuvt- iwrlvd 
igovemorof ihif n.'olm( (V/k, p.Wi'). <iod- 
nnowft') thi)« ihe mcitt ]».)Wvrfiil man in the 
nngdom nfir^r ib'.- kinj; hiiiiM.'tf, snd fivtu 
■bMil IrfAUii^iiiuut^ i.t niiiiii»l ulway-i wnlU-ii 
ri . " " ■ r>' t h'j nuuce of all olbvr Uy 

I ' Knglinli or l)wiixh. He 

■ miiK-ii \^-t v\-.'iltb, nnd lield lands in alinoflt 
Bfifr«' *liin- "f wiiithi>m nnd cvolntl Eii4;l&ti<l 
"tf'KEi:?*). l'riid*-ni in ntiinvland slrfniiniL'' 
in Wftr hi' bitd cuiiM^ Ciiut's favour, and thv 
■hi in III* oocioty. With lUl 
' itF for vurk iut L>ombin«d a 
iPid a cont-ntl t-ourtvAy. lit* 
1)1 bv bit) nii>id riw; way al- 
■ - - nDiimont.uiid iiDW<!arviiiifly 

xiiiiL'irij I i^.r-'-tiiialsanil bin inft-riorni Vila). 
Hf- wn- -III ■ l"[inin f^HMikt-T, uiid bi» oraiory 
•■r-fiu u» havi- bi-en of iMiiaidemlilA aaautancie 
tuliim. Normanwriu-nduKribcktmaifiurce, 
cunning, "ind (^"■"Iv I Wii.ma« (if PortlElt*, 

r. 170: Wiij.iAM 0)-JL'ulb)[w.vti.c. ii.l,and 
[c(irj-'>f ll'iiitinirdiiuip, ZiVH) lake* l)it> mom* 
lint> : WilliAiii of ^fillnl•'Hbll^T noie^ th-' dif- 
rii|>:il)i oii:iiiinri-« fornind by Kn^i'liah aud bv 
NonuJiii i%Tiior. ( fie»lti ft^titn, i. H.1.*j). (iixi- 
witw ajffMM to lukvv Usva a nuiarkably able 



UDCtn 



man, anibil ioii9, unf«riipu)ini«, and i'a|{w for 
the aggTandi>4i^m<-nt of hi.'i holi->i>. \l'\i mar- 
riage wiihfJyiha, and the bene litHwhiclt bent- 
Pt'ivtMl fminCniit.niitiirnlly K"^'<^bini Ihinish 
iiytniMttiiiM, his two Hdi^r iuing t^w«v(^^, nr 
!!>wend, and Harold wer« called by Itanish 
nnutMi, and though )i» i'trvA la n^pri-«en1 Eoff- 
linh imtioiint fi^NiuK, ii i.'i not iinhkelv that Hi 
thispf-riod'ho iniifit havo (Hic ined to Eni;li<ih- 
rni-'n TU'in.- Dniii' thiin KnuUslirnun ' <(iK&£S, 

f^iM/Ur'l of Hni/Iitad, \t. 47il). 

On th'.'dfathof C'niil in 103dGodwinttBup- 
jHirlf^l lilt- i-liiiin of Ilurlbacnul, Lhc KOn of 
I'niil byKmniH, In tbisbewaa endeavouring 
loairryout th>- planof Cniit,aiid lo jHWiirea 
Oftntiniuinfeof tin- roimivl ion hf-twaen Knjf- 
land and livnniBrk. While he and tha men 
nf hi»>itrldom wen- in favour of llitrthacniit, 
Mirlrt Sivrnnl and l<eofrio and thf* prnpU 
north of the Thautes and the Londiinen de- 
clared fur Harold. A meeting of tlu iritan 
wa» h^ld at Oxford; Uodwinc and thvcbief 
mL>n of W'iMsex pAn>i<itod as lonj; aa they 
i»uld, and nl U»l yiohk-d tu a prujMfHil that 
tiM- ktii^om xbould bo divided jiet: undi^r 
Hajiold 11. In Harlbacnut'o abseucv Ctod- 
wiiin w.'trH] as thn rlijt-f tninist^rr of KuDta, 
who ruled Wphs^s for her son, and he thua 
had till* kin}{'» liuiiMTJirlji or ^iiard undur 
hin r.nromand. The dirUioii of the liinoidonj 
must have materially lesaenod liui nnwor. 
which wasnowconfined Lo Wc.v«k. ilarl.ha- 
cnut n^niained in DiTnmark, and lits pro- 
hiiijt«d abiiMiec Mreitgllitrned Harold, hi 
l()d6 the AoiiH of Emma by her lint husband, 
ii^tbulivd tbi' L'uivudy iHiu iindw .-Ultrbo 
tbt- totbelinf; and KnWiKn THE ('own»- 
M}S.\ came ovur to Lntjliind. The death of 
.Klfntd and the nrut-lt. !<■.■• iiractimM on him 
and kiB men are attributed to (lodwinij by 
nain«in theAbinjidim vi'r«ionof tbeChroni- 
ele and by Klorenw of Wop(v»Ii.t. In the 
WonwBter venioo tbey arv put down to 
TTarciVI ; in tkc* RnMmium Emmw' Godwins 
decoys ibe letheliiig, whiU Uie a<:tual attack 
ill made by parlisaiu nf Harold. The bio- 
gopher of Kndward tb<> Conft^'wwr, writiii|> 
a paneg^yric on Oodwino and hiw liouiiK for 
Godwtne'is dauKhlvr, iu«oi1a that the earl 
waninnuCHiit. William of I'oilidrn, of courw, 
aaaertH hisiniill. William nf Maluieebury 
did not find ibL- atory of .KIfrud'§ deatti in 
thii! ti-»ii>nHof lb<> Cliniiiii^Ii- uith whirb hf> 
woa aa]UainL«d, and accordingly lelU it 
mt^rvly as a laatttT of common rn|*>rt wbirb 
n.4crilit'd the dead to the ethelinfc'n f^^Uow- 
coiintryroen and ehiMfly to liodwine, Henry 
of nuiitiiiffdonV floco'uni, which \« mort? or 
leuarom«uoe,Mniply*hovrs that inhi.* timx 
tJtmv wa» a atron^ tradilion of (iodwine'ii 
ffuilt. A large nunber of tiie oarl'a con- 

■ 2 



Godwin 



Godwin 



belier»(], or ftt lentt declared, 
tint 1i>^ e«i««] the iLtlieUng to ba put to 
iluath. Th<* i;vi(lfucv Bgiiiut him apDeara 
ooncluBiT^ [for the contrary riew luwFiiEC- 
MAS, ^''jrman Oattqvett, i. 54^-591. It is 
probable thatnodwinp, dioiuitUGt^ with hi* 
ovn poalioo, Kod finding thm namld irutild 
befon lunf;b«oomp nuut^rof t Kk whoW king- 
dnm, was anziotis to ataVf. himself Konrpt- 
abl« tAlti»winni]i|r side: tinri tb&t hp v^ nn 
th««tb«lincrinr>nlrrrn^tn IlAr^ldVfAvniir, 
uid v«ry liKely &t Lis instigalioD. Tlie Dext 
war ho optnly clmniTM) didc*, for tlip W«rt- 
Haxon* vyrMxA. Ilnrthacnui, liud ncc^Hcd 
Jlnrold OM llie-ir kiD|;. It is evident that 
Godwini> wu iit otiL-« ndmiltvd to favour 
with Harulil, for BiNhu]! I.vfiitfr, ^>iie nf lb« 
chief nH^n of hia party, Tvcvired cccWiafilinl 
promotion i tV>. p, SOS). 

When Harthacnut c*m\^ to the throne in 
1040beGentfiudiviae viih other ffrait officers 
lodinntvr ami <liahimiiur t bi^bodv of llnrnli) 
(F(.0B8!fCB). The eari woa regarded with 
auspicion bv th» k inK- ^i" envmiiee arciw^ 
him and DiAhop I^jflncr nf the DiiirAer of 
.'Klfn^, who wa« the kin^'o uterine brother, 
Lvfin^ loft his hijiho|^ for a rimp, and Ood- 
winn was oonpclled to cImt hinweU' of the 
cbarse by o«tll. A larfre number of earia 
and Uwgna jftinrd with him in t^wcuritif;: that 
it WM DV no ixnini»>l nr witih nf hiK that 
the intheiinfT wa« blinded, and that wbnt 
he did was d'Jn»- bv order of Kin}; Hnrold 
{ih.) Tf th^.v irnrtis arv n fair repr*^*^nta- 
r.ion of the natb, they co far to pmvn that 
the earl was a ]>nn<-iniil n^<iit in llie attack 
on ihr itthclinir. He jmnrhaHei] i>rwo nt 
tl«' king by preceutind bim with n «li!p with 
a tplded healt. iiinDn<>rl with c-ifrhir warriors 
epk'udidly equipped. In MOl lie wa^i (u-iil 
hj- the king, alonp with EarU Lcofric and 
oiward and other nobk-f. lo qutrlt an insur- 
rMtioii in Worwslersliirr, and punish this 
rebeU. Thf •■urlsbuml W<)rt»«t*T on 12 Nor. 
and hnrri<<d tlm iwtghbtidrin); i*uun<ry. but 
evidently t/>nk care not to slay or make cap- 
ttTenianyof thi. nivtpK', for the insurrection 
waannt impr'^TOKod. 

When Jlarlliacnut died in 1042 Oodwine 
appcarn to linvi- int once propiwl, ot an »s- 
Mtinbly hi-ld in Loudon, thai, r'ailward .ihould 
becboseu askinKiandheprobably^iih iitbera 
crowed ovi-r to Normandy iind pcrnuod&d him 
to aocept the crown. He cain>- bnek t" Enj:- 
laod With Eadward, and urgE>d his ri^hv n( a 
mcvticg of the witaii hold at Ojllingham. Il 
i« evident that lie ai»f with «>on)e<\p|»i»iii(in, 
and it is not unlikely that this pr>wei'ded fmni 
n parlv in fa von r < if Hwcnd rlatrtlhs'm, bis 
wifr* nfph(?w, and the nephew r^f bin old 
maaterCnut. Ood wine, however, used all his 




inttuenrraud his power of vloqitonlapee^ 
the side of th« rcfveiMitatiTe of tLv old ~ 
lish line. Men looked on him a« a fHllKr 
he thus pleailed the catLv of the setbeltnff of' 
their raw i 1*1/^, p.394), ai>d fulkrwed lu» 
oounaeL II may be that he aaw chat thn 
slocUon of Swend would hare been bitteriv 
Oppoead, and would bare i-ntailrtl a war. Ttn' 
would hare b^en ^^rievons toUim. forlht^i- 
niipwsnnlodniibl thalitelGsh as he wu, ')> 
live.^of hi^munrrcmen w«f« dear to him. It 
is also reasonable to suppose that he saw i 
thft «lfrclion of Eadwanl wsa likely to 
to a perpel uatiOD of hts own power; for it 
said that he bar^iaiued with Eadward 
hv and hi» mns should be sm^urvd in thi 
ofGoM and poaaeaaions, and that the kinj( 
BhouM marry his daughter ( G^tn Ayicm, 
i. 3%^). tVoni this tine forward he was tlw 
head of tlie national party in the kin^^loa. 
' He had to contend with the prpjiidire^ «( thi 
kin^ and with thr fon-ijrnitrs whom I-^dward 
promoted to offires in chntrh and ftato, u 
w"!l a«wilhlhe jealonvyof thi> ?jirlAL>!ofi^C 
and 8iward and the itreat men of nid' 
and northern l-^njiland. Yet be was not 
wjnal to the conflict. His farldotn wia 
\ far the wealthiest and nosl imponant 
of the kin^om : it was alao the part wfiirii 
wa» eapeeitlly under the kingV control, and 
fnraoue ynars hia inflofnce with th*> ki 
was supreme. .\lre«dy imni-nsely wealth 
hi- had ROW abundant apportiinili»s of ad 
in|r to his pMAi^winna. He anpeara to ha' 
been ^^raspin^, and is accusea, not willini 
■ome ruason, of enrichinfc himwlf at the 
I peuM) of ercli*-''U9tical bodie«t {^nnntrn 
qufjut, ii. Iv|.'t-8); lie neither founded nor 
riphfiH monastenea orrhurcliM. Puring t 
enrly years of Eadward'a rei^, not only wi 
Wmjvx under his goremmenl. but hiser" 
sou, Swvffen, wiu carl of the Mci-einn t-h 
of Hereford, (lloucaater, and OtlTir-l; 
Mcond son, Harold, h^ld tht- earldom 
Kant Anirlia; and hi* wift-% nejihi.'w, f 
an ear]<lom which included Kertfonlshi 
andBiiokinghamsliiixt. nisdnnichtorEadKylh 
I'sne EiiiTH or E*oniTH, d. ]t)7<')] was naiV; 
ried (o the king in I04.^ Oodwinewns sr 
stronff in the affection of ihi- mm of 
own varldom, for he kept good order 
enforced a respect for law. Indeed, aa 
became id'-ntiticd with the national fntiao trf 
resisinnce to the government of fon;i|;uers ha 
gained rhc love of tho nation at large, 
Eadwanl's comnnlion in UU>i ho Ik cttid r 
have preaenttnl tbe kinff with a niiiiruific»n 
shipi' Vita, p. 8(^7; thi$, Mr. Liiurd ^uggei 
is probably a roiifuinon with the atiiji whii' 
lie nndoubtedlv gate to IlartUacnutl. 
was sent by Eaoward along with I'-arts 



i 



■»ari si;: Ij- fr.; - "a jiVL-----!-- _i . '.- ' z~: ' -— — 

(1.2: •■■ --::•:.::' i :■ »r .- ? Zi^s^ ~ -zi- - - . _■ 

»cc\i^': L- t_-- :.•" '- •;t-.-.- ^. . - -.. . - . _ ■ .; 

thar-lr.rla- i'.-irry Y.r^.'. :.; : - ■>"■ - - i. ■ _- -- 

wi,i ;-^t '.:■'■• ■;■"".— Tj :— .~T ■ i — ■: .' ";:- ■■" ." ~- - 

Utt j-rvf-rr-d A ■■ .-- , ..■ - * --' . _ -. 7 

-•Hii;i-:ru * ■.-: i*.'— r-r I -u- ^ — -' - ' ■" ;..:_:- ...■' '.l. 
lun'i :i. ]'4'. iiiTt- -.;T!--:, 7.- -.:- i-: 

y-»r k rv>.:— : : r i- '::'-- -t.-. :, ^. — ;. - _- ■ ■ ... 

• ■vtLs. :U Ti.-.% -^Jr. T-L- .! ■. - -- :- .".'.- . 
w.zun. H' Li : 1 -■ T-t_- ■ i_ l.-^s.s. ~ _". -■ v.. , 
ar.i iriivd ;" -7 tr. E;_-..-: ^— " " 1. " i_-.,.;.-" " - ■ "" . • - 
h'.r *-r.-n:y. Mt_~..- ■' N r^i.- :v-.;- _. - -■ 

1ir:>po— -^ TLi- z'-.-r -^ -.~ - .-i^ - -:' ■ -- --.i-. . 

ii» 6tii.tf";r. • ." Lr- :> ■■■":. :.: ■. ;..? ..- . ■ .:.. . 

iir(nini-n"!^T>Ti .-i' -i-L-;. — - • ^ -- ■.-i.- _ 

• "t^r (.'>>' '•'. '. •-• !.- I •■^- :'- 5 "■;■ L ui . . ••■ ■ 

r^l-'l. In li.^*? :*-nrL:. - 1 ^1,: l;-;,-. v ... - . .- - ^ ■ ■■ 

I'-r bflj'. .Vrii-' . _::'.-*■ ": T T-- .— -■-■:-■ - 

Ti'in -if TLr--:T-r.:T f -■- :>- - --..- . . -■-.- ..-.-, 

(i-»lwin* plrti LI- ;■*,'.— .t-L -.^i.- 1.- tl- 

uiiMiCCe**:;;'. Kl ".'\ I T.-. ■!■_- :■-■.: 7' 

fni>- s^Tini T La-r- — :_ - "L- x:- ■ .- — .. : 1 

wa.i fiiili »::*.t:j -L ,_-l ■ ttt'--" "»--_-: . --■.—. 

•fiirldom fr>a: j>a— i:.,; fr :; ;.- ill. .■ ." ' t "i- _.■ 

ira* di%'id-rd ^iriw^- H._r.Ii l:.l r^ -._ '.- 

Lait^ in it^ v-Tir, ■"■L.It L^ -"l^ t^ ■:. -l- . ■__ - 

Heet which h^ ir:i 'Lr £•,- Lti rt"-.-^--. " : ; -. 

ibe defeor- of tL- ?:.i-: : '>V.— i > ^. .-_-- :-..,-• 

iln' attacks •■f s'ss- i. r-.'-rrz. : r-.:— i_j - -_ -. . -•- ^ . . 

Swegt-n r»-lani--i "■ ti,r,bi ; i: i *.-t l.- 1 . .l ■ 

cou«oIV-oni/).T/ TL-rrr.r:.— ! --..-i-n. 7 -■ -v- — 

indizn&tiori. ui'i f.*!: ictr-^> Ls.-- di ,-: ■ "-:■..■•■.- 

injure (Ifidwint? [•-l::-.-:.. iJr *■.,■.. ■ v- -;^.. ivi 

cvrr.jrain«liif.r.«i<:'-u ■-•ii-t:.';.^- r-- •■_■-- ■.■ -■ ■ — -. 

f >iind slitlter in Flai.i-'- A> .:■.-■ :i- •.:.:,. v ■ 

^..m•rhr.itilt-IIl•-BjilTv-^r->■:^i:T:.'■ 7 ■..! — :..• . . -.--- ■. . 

ill &llianc-e n-itL tLr -s.^-trir t^i.:.-- .".i,,- l'-.-^' 

win V. Th" uaii<.aV.- r-lst^.L- ■«■■. 1 : . - ,. ■ . . ■ 

l-.\i>d wt-ry- aliD'-' c-rtiily T. .»-■-■ iV :: i..L--' ■,. 

I'l- ^lodwin*'. H- pr--(>fc'.;Ti«!--; ■ — . -. - - -:. .^. 

tlie fritudnhip -if iLr ^ OiiLT ■.■: Y.-'-.-r- l- >.• , ^ :,- ; ■. v 

« ciiiinterinis^ TO ih* j»-wrr iT-i .^r ,-:.> , - . ■. ^^ 

William of Xomundy. who wdi fclrrs r --.^i- i;---r---L^ .l '.-..., 



Godwin 



54 



Godwin 



wRs balehil to ilivui to Bi^it agutwt tbeir 
lord iIk- liinir ' < PtfrrbuniffiA f.*ryn. »n. 
1(M8), Anil (indwini' tu'iit to t)i<- kin^^, who 
«ra» lb«n a^ Gloucester witti ihp n'itnit and 
tW forewi of Merrill ond XorthmBl>erl*nd, 
^lo di-niaml ft henrtiii;, iitr»rin(t Iq cI(Htr hint- 
elf by i-oiii|mrf7it ion. Whi^utluR'n'asrofiisetl. 
ht! (]i-iDiiiidi'<J ihiil till' Frctirliim-u who lisd 
rau*i-«ltbi-lroiiMt«ar IhiviTHQd ia Swepen'fl 
earLdom sliuiild 1m- giwn up. Tlii^ wma ny 
fuftMl, B'ld till- itirl iintl hie ■■>n>' niarrhiHl on 
01oii«wt<*r Wftrw«£ BTcr^wI by mt'diation, 
and ihu witnn wu nnlpitil Id mrvt npiin in 
l^ndckn 111 Mii-bkcbnuA. When tin- wiian 
met. Uodn-ine wnsat bU owu bouw in Soulh- 
wurk ( I'liii, ]>. 4tK?). uml miiny im-ii of h»« 
earldou wen,- with him. Kadward had now 
a strong army al hiit ba)*k, and il wa> »nnn 
p\'id<?iit that the c«rlV rase was prcitldffl^d. 
^wcii\'i>'tf oullnwry wa» rvii'^wed, ami nad 
pnibnblT be«n n^imposcd al Gloufostor, but 
the i-arl H.->-me to Iiuvc diEn-giirdt-d the aen- 
triKf nnil kept liiik Moti with him. ite waa 
sumiuoncd to attend ibi? m^iwiBblv, and tlv- 
IiiRiii]>:-(l h'wtiij^'M anil H wifn^oiMltirt, The 
kiii^ hndi' him nttnnd with imi more l.linn 
twelve corapnnions, and appetira to huvo 
oHcrvd Ibnv of hii» tbwnn who were with 
tht;t;iLrl lo (M>nie over und join bis army. (io>d- 
vrint let tlipm go, and bis forcoe 'Urindli-'l 
produAlIy. Siif^nd, bi«ho[i of Wincht-aTor. 
t«H* of hill rriciiitu, did whiit hi- ctmld lodelay 
thp final deciflinn in tin- hope tJiat tb« kin;|r 
would be iMtrior udvin-d, bill bv wax nl hint 
foroi-d inhringthflMirlBniMAagPlJint b*- won 
topsjM'rt nopMcefrDin the king unlilhepivc 
liim hack hi« DrotlMn-nnd hiRbmllii-rV men «ifp 
iuhI «oimd. Th*- hishop wi-pi ns lie pave the 
mewaiiv. AVben Ibt- vn-rl lienni it be pushed 
over tlie tnblc which Wood by hini, moiinlixl 
liis h-.>r»>^, and rode hard siMiward* In llotihani. 
Nfixt miirninp fhe king and his host dorlared 
liim nnd hid wirm 'unlaws, iiud invr iht-tn iWr 
dayn 1(1 ({'■I out of the land, lie mul hi» wife, 
and his atm Swefren. Totli^ uud tiiit bride, 
and nvrfh and Ini youngi-r childrt-ii t-m- 
Iwrltfd with nil tlio Imnsiirf which ihi-v bud 
at hand, ntid *aih-ii to Flnndcm. Thi>y were 
Tnftde wftlromp by Rnldwin, and nhmde thpre 
that wiiuer. 

Godwinc'-" fall * ww-m-'d wondfrfiil to 
every man that, was in Bnjrlnnd,' his pow(-r 
liad been bo ffreet, bis eoim were ' earlti and 
the Vinr's dnrlinfrs.' &nd hiu dauf^htcr the 
king's wift.'. ik-forv l<ii\|i invu n-nt him mvn- 
sagna, and Home WPiit oyer ro him in person, 
•eaiiriuBhiin ttiat iThe wi>uldcotnL-biLek they 
would l;ghl fur liim, nnd pi-ople uid l.biit it. 
would bo bettor to be with him in t-xile thuu 
to be in Knelimd wilhoiil bim. Hm iw-nl k> 
the king asking that he night come before 




him and ]>ar}f« himf vlT loyally of all chai^ 
MoTtwter Henry, the !->«• neb kiny, and ih* 
Count of Flanders orfrt-d his recall. But it 
waa of MO arail, for the kind's eTJl 
if^lloT! kept him from iK-iirkeitinu. At la 
in June K*^y2 the tarl deunutunl to 
to force; be gnlhiTt-d his ship* t'lcetber I 
the Y»cr and eel sail on the l'2nd, iniendin^ 
tofatl in with IitHwinH Ilnrold and i>>o]witH^' 
who were makin^a dtswnt ou the we«t eoMt 
witii BhipB from Iivlaod. When he •ntidS 
niiii>.'(^-nt-Aj< hi* found thm (he ooaaI tliervr wa^, 
Well defended, aiid tm tailed to 1V*-.iisp' 
purAU'-d by the kinjrV ship* rmni S*ndwiir 
A storm arose wbieb wrpiinited the piirsiH-n 
and ihe pursued, niidlbr' earl n-tumc-d a|ni», 
to I'tfUlilen'. Tlii-nthckinir't' fleet dispe: 
and in the Itefiinning of S>-pt ember liod 
fwib-d to the Isle of Wight, where 1; 
and liurriMl ibe island until lh<> 
him what lie di'inandifl. TImncf 
to I'ortlasd, and Ibeie did all the ml 
be oiuht. On n-liirninp to Wijfbl be 
joined by hi^ mm Harold with nine shi{«. 
All ihf HH'ti of Kent.Snrrey, and iw. 
ro!ie in Wm bi<half. nnd •■.<pi.-einlly the nea: 
of Hastings and the other p'.irtf, d-.-clarii 
that tlley 'would live and die' with E 
(iodwinf. 'Jite eurl enilf^l round the 
by llylhi'. Dover, uiul SnnJwieh, taking 
tiiC sliipH he needed, and receiving' hoiitafn' 
BTid provi^iooji. Hi- (Wiled up the Tbamrt 
with n Inr^re flc4>t, ^>mr' of ]iit> i>hi]i!t noMt 
in»ii)e .'^beppey, where the crew» did mu 
hnnn, and burnt Kincr> .Middleton. He 
off Southwark on It .Sept., and while 
waited for t he tide held coninmnicati'm wit! 
the Londoncnt, who were nImo«T lo a nun 
in his favour. Then be Miled U]) the rivpr, 
kiM'pinjC by the Ronthcrn abore, whirh wm 
thickly Iine<l with the looul furce>t palbefvd 
to support him. Fndwnrd'a shign were 
the nurthi-ni »idc of Ihe rjver and bis ' 
fiircfiB on Ihft ahnrv. Whilethi- kin^delav 
lo reply lo the earl's demand for rr^^ioratioi 
ClodwinH ncldn-twed bis myu, declaring 
he would ftooner die than dn any wroi 

I the kin^, and larRinir Ih'.-m to re«tnuD 

I wrath. It wti* it)iTi-i>d that inattora 
be defprred until thu morrow, luid flodwii 
and Harold nnd <uimc of tlieir men land' 
and Aidvedon «hnn\ At tbi' great aaslu 

I which wait held ouiKJde Lt^ridoD on ibv ni 
day, (iodwinc det-lnred hiB innocence of 

: that wti.« laid to hie chnrii-j. Wis eneni 
the Frenchmen, hud Hln-ndv fli-d, and I 
kluK rcvlun-d to hitn, hi^ wiTe, hia wn.i. an<l 
bifl daiikililer fill ilinl bml lieen taken from 
them. The earl r<?liimtHl with the king 10 
palace, HTtd then- FjidwnrdK&ve him t.bekL 
of peace (for otlier part ieulars KB under 



HI 




ritfl 




Godwin 



55 



Godwin 



rASP THB CoUFStDS, ind P.DITH, QUBRST, I 

■ml t'nfdii L>xhKiiAtiTi> fxuni nation of aittbo- [ 
ftilk* Krkkh^x. XtMiiuin VimqitMt, ii. Sftf- | 

ti\. Sqou after liis rwUinitinti tin- t-Brl 

fell ftwk. At KafttiT the iiexl ytyir ( I0.i3) Ue 

»wu wilh t)i>.' kiim at Wmclie^ter, and on 

11 April, wliilc fit> niul lu» »oiis Tlnrold, 

lToelip.»ndOvrili*nl at niimt with ihn king;, 

I lir- rell fniiii lii-i ftfOt 9p^;«chlcM and {■ovn.-rleft'. 

liti Bi>iv Iktrv him into Uiu kiug'« vIididUt, ' 
fwbvre he !■)' iti tilt same otntf iiulll In- died 
[on TliursiUy the I4th. Ho «ii8 bnrit'd in i 
the Old MiriKtfr. "niii* iw tltt-Kimiilir ucr»unt | 
ircn of his dr-nrh hy tliB ohrnmrlc wril/-re , 
Florence of Wonx'«tOT. An illm-'» of 
miintlu ('vidcntly <>ndNl in a lil of 
(ipoplcJiy- Kioivnce, imteod, «dds tbai, after 
lito M-wiin- he sufffwl miwrobly. wliii.'b fui'm.^ 
kcly. [liK d'^uiJi ti^Tiunt- thf riuhjr-ct of 
lids,thpi-urIie«lof wliicUfvlnl«hou- wliili" 
ClAlwitti^ Mt utiD<'Oi>vith the king M)"y tAlk*sl 
of ihc death of .Elfrwd ( (l-tta li^jvm, i, li-'Ut) 

>or rtrjiaxt treason af^inxt lh<- king (IIbs'RT 
orIIv>TixuiKis,p.700);y>xIwiiii,'iini\wItlitl ' 
if I1.1 «■» (guilty the n«t nwrsL-l tio alo wight 
t'hoke him, and ht; wss ULfoirliuKly clioti-d 
nnd f?]l drail. < If nlx>iil ttii> -intiii-dMl)- >■ th<- 
^TpU-known cnil^ 'Hi aliment of ihfl niphearer 
who felippt-d, and r>.-niarkt'd a* hv rvawrvA 
hi!*r'Xilin(('S*rtbn:ilhf'rhflp]ihrolUi*r'l Aii.Rr:!) 
OP IJirv .1 I \. ool.31'5). Thn talo ii^n>p<%ted 
anii I'V lalKf wntvrA | fi>r .tii cvami- 

nali' prrwthoflhi'l'igiTud.y".V<>/"ffwt 

O'n^'irit, ii. OOB, and tWtnigklltf Semew, 
Mav im&). 
(todwiae iriM-'me l« haru hud sovvu imjiu 
'lirnvtha: Swi-geii */. on pilprim^re Kfty, 
' Harold''. [tW«(,T«wiiirrf- I^KMl.Uyrllirf. lOOQ, 
'Ix-ofwiiie d. IlWtl, Wulfiiiitli Hvin(r '" '"S" 
I <FLrinB\<;R, ii. 20 1, and probobly .Klfcar. a ' 
I iniiiik m Uiieiins (( >Iciii!kii', p. 'MH' ), iind thrr^ 1 
-, Eadpytli, tlm initi'n of ibe Con- 
-■ Ki>iTiiJ, (iunbild >/. at lirugw In 
11'^, , nwipethaiia .iiiitiifiii AariMtn tWy*i«r/, 
;ii.662-j.iii. l*--'! . l^iS, iv. 16f>,705t. 

(VRenua'f Nonnau Ci>iii]iicac, voIh. I. aw] Ii. 

iitBiiwafiillndeoaiii.flf l-JiHOolviDt. Ui whi^b 

hterneraauta iniul upmdarily he inileljU<il ; 

hi» urvr uf tba carl in \trha\is ton fii\i>iiraU«. 

(imto's. l.'4mi)tiMt of Kiii;Uii'l. vhich oontains 

' mtw vAlnaUe reinikrhit. i«]it<i!iiili_v un ihoi ukd'H 



>ixi4ili'itlaim#.[akwtheoppoiiicTicw. Krcnblc'ft 

[<\idiix l^pl' I' and v.; AUfilo-Saxon Chrwi. 

,KDd Vifa IvulfAl^ll. cil«>l an Vita, in Livt« iif 

I ihp Cfl&fft«ur (Wli ItulU Scr] ; Fit)- 

Mjf Womslrrnni] William orUAlnx-nliunr. 

l-i-l II -■. ^tor.); Willinni 

ui J ■■>., and Otdcric 

tn I! 1 i«ne; llcnrif of 

Ituii ti.il»i.Bi-il.;aaxu,Hi>t.1>i>aiua, 

icd. i< . rniuni Emmir, in Peru, Muim- 

[«nuila H11.L tierm.] W. H. 



OODWDJ, Mb^ CATnEUINE OKAOE 

(liW-ir^lS), pm-li's*. ynnn^r dnii|i(hlAr of 
Thomoi^ (lamoll, .VI.]>. [i]. v.], nu born at 
(iliitjfnwi.ith'C. 171W. flertnoth'Tdii^dat b«T 
birth, and nflcr (bt> nriMniiMint dftith of her 
faibprin lyt>:;*be,uLtlibvrsi.it('r,wn»broiitfht 
lip by bprmothcr'i int imuti- friend. JtiflsW^ir- 
\f)yf. Th'-y re^^ided nt htirbi^ti, m-ar Kirkby 
)jan<^ale in \Vealni"f»Iand,wburf ('athfrine 
cr>ntinutMl lulivL'aftdrbiTuiiirria^'in 1^410 
Tlmuui* (iiKlwin, fiirniKrly of (b*! Riwt India 
l'onjpimv's&pn"i«>. Sbcbadaln^nilTpuhliiUied 
'Thf' N'gbt b«f«r*« ib** Uridal, 'and other 
po.^ms,' m which ' The Wundi^rer's Iit^jraoy * 
euco.'edwd in 1^29, This volumt- attracted 
tbi- favoiirabk- noiici>of Wordswurtb, who 
bonourt>d the authoresa with cxci'pLional at- 
uniionand praiae. Ilia If-ttertohc^r, printed 
bv hiT hioj^pbiT, t'on\*<'T« bin o]>inion of 
tfie Sponsurian «tHnES in Byrou'ti bandf, and 
of what bu considered the corruption of iho 
Kii^'b^b liiiiguii^e fn:mi ilw- uopularity of 
Scotl'fl poeind and novels. Mr*. Ufidwio'a 
px-nii- will burdlv hv ibutigbt to jiiiitify hw 
liij(b opinion, flu-y indirato u bijrbly re- 
fiuod and teusitivf-- naLur«.>. but havo more 
llu'_-ni'y tbnti furc.*, mid in pTt-nil merely 
n-tli'i't tbfl styb> of liyron, of WoriU worth, 
or of Mr^, Ileiuaus. Aft«r the dueth 'jf byr 
!)i»U.T m 1 83l' .Mr«. ( iodwin'* hoult b .Wllnwl, 
and «tii> wroto litiltt uioro, «xi>opt fugitive 
pu«mH in albiiuLi iiinl xlorii-s f'jr the young. 
A Toluma of letters from tb« cmtiin-nt wm 
»iibbiibi.Hl ntlvc iii'T ilt-aib, wliicb t»uk place 
m 5Iay IftW, after lonp «ufl'«ing from ^inal 
irriUiLion. Hor poutical works n-en; eol- 
lecti'd and pnMi>>bt-d in a band)>ciiui; illu.'i- 
tralwi volume in 18.14, with a mi-iaoLr by 
A, (.'l4"v<'iand WJEwi. She !« diifcnbiid as 
perHi'vttring, diiurnminatinff, and endnved 
wilh n keen Brute of tbi.'ludirnmn, Sbe had 
aoinired cinKidorahli; profirli^noj in paint- 
ing; the portxuic preUx>^d to her poems is 
from n minintiirp by b«T«t]f. 

[Memoir, by A. Clurolaad \Vig4ii. preAsed to 
■he iVwUcal Worka of Cathttrina Unvca tiodvin, 
IMI.] R. G. 

GODWIN, EDWAKO WIIXIAM 
n833-]A*»),- nrehitwt, wa« l>iini in Old 
Miirk.T Sir-vt, Uristo!, on I'll May 1833. 
rnnn hie fatlier, who was in buainuse u k 
decorator, h« inberilvKl a tai*le for architec- 
lurnl and archK()li))^ra1 sl.iidie;', and before 
loavin;: acbool ina>tercd RIoKam's 'Gothic 
Arcbiti^^ntri'.' Hf rcceiv^-d hia prnfeaaiotia] 
training in the olfiw of Mr. W. Arm-tpong. 
architoct , of Brifltol, and afterward* tiracliart 
fjrsumf y«ar» inlbat eitv.at Urst alone, and 
tiutwirv|U>-nlly in partnership witb Mr, H^nry 
Crisp. Tb«6rmuudtui ofDc" in Londou,«Do 



Godwin 



5<i 



Godwin 



Godwin, aft et t bi> death wit hout family of hut 
fiwt wifi% rvino^t'd to Ijon'lon atmiit 1802. 
1I» «arii4-r wnrk6, amoiii; which may bu 
meutionvd the town halls of Northsmjittui 
and Conglcton in t^le I>ccoraled ntyle, and 
ibi) n*ti>rotiou* of Dromon! Castle for the 
KmI of Limerick and Cwtlc .\aliby in Nwtli- 
amptuoiibiff!, snd mntij- chualxti, i^chooU, 
anil hotur« in and near Unstol, i-xhibitod 
much pnimitL'. lu Luuduii lii> vujuyvil tlit; 
wlKi-m and frii-nd^hip nl Scotl. 8tr»e1, Bur- 
Beaa,and nlbergrvat arcbileciR. He assisted 
BuF|ffnw in the pn'pAmlidii nf hiH dmiirnx 
for thn nrw Ihv roiinn. ni^ also osjibled 
Mr. R. W. Jidis, F^A., in hif dcwgn for 
thr hoiisca of [Arliunctit in IVrlin. Hut 
liie n'movul lo Loodoii proved u mistake 
from a prurt-»»ional uoint of view. Hit chief 
works ihiirc were thf {ireinises of ihii Fine 
An. Soci»'ty in Hond Strwt and a atudio for 
IMnc^M Louisi> ai Konsinf^on Palace. Rtit 
beba» U-f) iiu Imildinf! ilii-n- ivallv w<)rthvof 
liiii OAjinbilitics. As an ftrcliiutt ho wortt'd 
chiefly in ihe Gothic i^lyle; hiti works are 
(rhamcti-nniHl )iv lasti^ in d^Jtitrri aird ihu no . 
curacy nf hU knowledsB »f detail. But he j 
failed to fulfil hU earlr pmrniv. A facile I 
slwtoJier, a good draiieht»man, with n qitirh 
eye forpro^wriion aiidhonni>niou8BroiipinB». i 
a clear writ*T, an ant iqtiamn woll ver^wl in 
the arc:liii«citir«, fiirnilure, and raMuuie nfi 
all periuda, il well-informed Sliakesi>earean | 
scholar, and an excellent leiitirvr, tie found i 
too wide a lield tor htn many talenlK, and ' 
turned Irnm tlie exercise of his profeasian to 
literature and the designiuir of art furnit urv. 
Ifflttitrlv iiiM l.iti)!' wn^ ahnoxt <>xrdiisivt']y oc* 
cnniad in the deaip ning of theiit rieul txiEiumcK 
■nd wviH'iy. amon^' (iw y^ny* whirh hi« m^- 
aiated in cettinir being ' Hanilei,' ' Clnndtan,' 
'Etelen&inTnNiii,'»ind'It»elielnT«,''n-hich lant. 
was brought out at thetJpom ComiqucLon- 
doBt only a ci>ti[>loaf months lii'fiiri' hisdfoth. 
In tb« last yeara of hi« life he auH'ertd from 
ft painful dlAvaM.-; the oporutiou of lithotomy 
ultimately became neceMuiry, and he died in 
hie ronms, 6 (ireal Colle)^ Stntet, Weei- 
miniTeriOD fl Oct. 1881!. IIih tticand wtft*, a 
daughrt^r of Phillips tho soulptAr, to wham 
be was roarrii-d in 18T0, survived him, and 
he also \i^fi one »nn. 

Godwin ronlrilmted largely both artirttw 
NDd Bket4-he> lo the itrnftttwionnl jounials. To 
tlie 'British Arrhil-ect' he was for long a 
frequent contributor, and bin l>ook, ent tiled 
•Temple Rar nUirtralcd,' l.«ndon, 1&77, was 
Teprintcd from ilf culunuii'. lie aluo pub' 
lUb<»d : I. lh'i>it'n<> for the work in 'Art. 
Funiitim-' by William Wmi. London, 187". 
2. 'Artistic C'jMBf n 111 ori«« and other Horti- 
cultural lluilding* divided to he catulruuti^d 



onthepatwitcjnrtvmof UnWTv. Mvtmagttk 
Co.,'London, 1880. 3. 'A few Xotee on t&c 

Ardiiltteture and Coetame of the Fvnml ufl 
III* Ilay of "Claiidian,'" a.I>. SGO-lfiO,' puW ' 
lif^hed in the fonn nf a letter to Mr. Wtuoa 
Itarrett. London, IKsa. 4. Thw art)cl« oa 
' Drc-Aii and it» folatJon to Htwltb and Cb- 
mnte,' Xxmdon, IBM, in iLe ■ Handbook' to 
thelnlematicmalHeahl ii.iri>>#M. 

ft. 'The "Fftilhfull 8h.'i by John 

Fletcher adapted and arranRnl tu lhre<e act* 
for the op«in air,' Ij>ndtm, 1885. 6. A miU 
frcripiton work for thii Art Coatume Sodt/Cft i 
of which only a ft.>w paita mn publUaad M 
the limn of bt« death. 




[Architnci, IfiOM. 1886. sxzii. S17; Baild- 
intl NewK l& Oct. ISSS, I. £99 (Inl of ' 
eontxibuied lo tbu paper): Builder. 1< iM.lMt. 
L i72i British .\rehiiect. 1ft Oct. 1880 ft<ataf 
anictn, vita i-onraii); Amsrinn AidtiiM^ and 
Buildici; Nevti. 30 Oct l&Wi.} Q. Vf. B. 

OODWIK, ravVXCIS.D.D.(1662-1633), 

bb>hup ^ucix-wivelv of LlsudalTand Hewf-jfO. 
bom in Iofi2 at tlanninglon in OrliDgfaurr 
hundred, Nurlbiuuptonslurv, wu ton of lb* 
Kev. Thomiiii (indi^in lo. v.l, afl^rwardabi- 
ahop of Bath and Wells, oy his wife Ltabella, 
danu'htfr of Niehnla* Pnn-!'oy of Slialstuair, 
HiicKinghaniidnri* tHKtiHii», \arthamptm- 
f/iiir, ii. dtj). Id Ui« si]iu>«mh year he wm 
sent to the uuiver»ity of Oxford, and in 167ft 
bewuat-lectiiljiiniori^tudentofC'hiistCbunb. 
He studied with great rejiulatioo, and wu 
admittdd B.A. 23 Jan. 16r<l-l, botng of ihti 
•aoitf standing a« the fauoun Uvnry Co:' 
[q.v.l lleooumenrediH.A.)n I584.atwbicb 
time Df) WDS 'occouuted van of the most in* 
geiiioii* [K'niinii lut wril ait aMidnouH ■! tKbruia 
in tbe university.' In l-'iftB he held the |ii»- 
bfndorSt. lWtiiuHn» in the c^lliedrml church 
of M'ell'<(LF:Xt:v):, FojiU'.ed. IUrdy,i.19U), 
and on 1 1 .luiie luK~ he was c<>llat*^ lo iba 
*ubde«ntrj' of I',3(Ct*r. In lol"*) In; occoB- 
paiiied his old friend, the learned Condeo, 
mto \\'ale» in st-arcb of antiquiUea. Hu w>0 
aduiitled to ihe degree of B.D. on 11 F«' 
I5fja-i (ClakK, J{^ji.trrvf L'nie.ofOxj 
ii. mt. On. .^0 Jan. X^^i (i be took tbe di^' 
VTvi« of l).l>., briuK then ^^eto^ of Simipf< 
Poroaa, Somefaeunire, canon residentiary 
Wells, rector of Bisbc^ Lydiunl, by t 
rpiiignntion «if tin* vicaiagi- of \\'»i«lom"ii»» 
Zoyland. all in tbe samu county, and sub- 
dean of Eseter. 

In HlOl he published hia'Catnlogutfof 
Biahojis of Kngland, 'which wns bo uem-rall;, 
approved tbHt yucon ElisalK*tli iram^-diubeljr 
i)]jpoint4^^i] biui biKhoit of LlaudafTiu »u 
siori to l>r. WiUiutu M'iri.'aii. who waa ti 
laled to Hi. jViu-ph. He wai^ nuiDlnatod 



I 

I 



Godwin 



57 



Godwin 



ton fi Out. 1001.«Ieei«l on tlie UUi, 

I aa M Not., «nd cuiLsccrMc-d on tbl^ 

SSd(1 in lit-my VIF-* rlmji"! m \Vf*t minster 

fSTrim, HtyitlrutH Nttcnim AMt/lir-anmn, p. 

885 Lk NrvK. ii, S5SJ. W*trti oWn-Mtlitt 

»lbe n-nunl, iIhiuiiIi ro>sl,l'•.■ll^i»!l■ll ntiheror 
titlr rhaii sul»t«iire, an tliv liisli(>;)nc did uot 
UwD iffixlucv luurv tluiu 1>jO/, u, y-wr. Ttit-n.-- 
farebehad Ub«rtyto reltiin<iu*>of ltiiironti<^ 
I dignitiv^ whirb tn^me to have bwn tbf eub- 
dMTii n (if Fii-tor, and nliH> to tn)it> t.1ii> rvc- 
Uiry at Kin^on 8«vnif)ur, iii thf dioce^t^ of 
Bktli wid W^U. Ou I'd JuIt ItiUS be was 

»prF4eated by Lfiril-ln<-i>»-r Kgi-rt^n In the rec- 
tory of Shere Newtou, Monjuouilinliir^. On 
I4bft. UI07 he WTGXe frum Mtdvem to Sir 
Tboiuna Iske bcggtu^; h'u iutt-rvst to procure 
, btm tLe uclidMconry oMilmicmtttr, meant 

»hy Hut ynfettavtix of tli« Bishop of Oh>u(-i%- 
ler to ibeKe of l^^imlon. Hf Mid ihi- tm-h- 
daacunn- was worlh ^M. a vpar, and he oditred 
SirT)<<iiin> 80/. fer his i'&lon-st (^Oal. State 
Ftiprr., Ihau. ICtiii- 10, ].. S.-4). 

DiiritiK \iis ftlsiei'ii }'«nr»' lenuro of the see 
of IJftndnIT hii imtilDved his kijiim io im- 
provinff his 'Calal(Kiiii> of RiRhn|»i,* and in 
c«ll"rlinir miilCT-inU for the civil and ecclesi- 
laflticAl history of England. In 16 Id he pnV 
'. lishvd ui iinprovt^d iMJitinii of bin ' Cutatotf ue,' 
with « dedit^utiou to Jiiin<-s I. ami uiiiitils cf 
itbt rvi^uii of tlviirv VIII, Kdward VI, und 
[Mftry, III tde^aiit l^lin. As a reward for 
Itbnso lahnun be wan hv lite kinif's doarc 
: lrsoKUt4,il lu Ihi^ M'<> of Iloivford, in succw* 
»inn 1(1 Dr. Uftlierl IVnncl.mi 10 Nov. 1017. 
jlle ATA* elected on the l^th, and receirml 
I the rovnl aiMcnt on the '^Jtli, and th<- arrh- 
I kishiMiV ninltniiAtionon thf S.'^lhof tli>'fuim>' 
linaiitli, the temporalities bein^ rvstored to 
|lilm on 'JO Dec, (Lb Ncik, i. 470). Dr. 
iThoroaii Uyvvx, kind's advocate, ui uiuuo- 
Ictfasfiil candiduTf for the chaacfillorabtp of 
jIlvTvford di'Mx^w. coiui'lainvd in a ptrtition, 
[ 02 Xo V. IG'Jci, Io CbsrW 1 1 luil I he hiahop had 
fen«l the eliaiicfllorship of his diocese 
lupun oHf- of hia Kiin», ii divini* itii>x]N-ri(-iu'i-d 
tbe civil law {C/il. <,f Stittr Papt-r*, iMni, 
I.1B2.V6. p. I.V.). On 9 April I«:,'7 (iodwin 
lintilctrtinfomiljord-liiTpfrCovi-nirviliarihe 
iTTcmncirs lei ter of Aiir., for ajiprebend- 
|iu«^rp^ Itirrin^iin and one llanmer, two 
lUh pheii!)*, wui dvlivt-n^ to wue of the 
Mlbo[iV pwjple • upon the wuy, and that 
OMa^A' Mven WMks aflM- date. Thi- bishop 
^M<leil ihni b(! pT««ently took bi« bor^i*, and 
all th0 me&Dfi he coidil, but without 
iih. JOl^-S. p. 133). In the lolUr part 
' his lif<< hi) ' fell into a Ion* and lariftuintiitiK 
Jle died in April 163S, and wa^ 
thw 29th of that month in the 
\ of liu churdi ar Wbilhoume, which, 




with ibe aumor, teloop to the biahopa or 
Hereford. 

lie ninnit>d, wb«u a youn^ aiaB,ibi> daugh- 
ter of I>r. John WoIliMi. binhop of Iilxeter, 
hr whom he had nianr rliildrvn. ineliidin^ 
(Itl'boiBaAUodwin.ll.^)., vicar of Newland, 
li)ouaesler>hire,uid rlukuccllor nfthediooMc 
of [lererord, wbu died iu LGJ4 : (2) Mor(rsn 
(iislwin, D.i'.li., Hrrhdtnron of .^alop, who 
diet) in Iftl.'i; (3) CTinrles (indwin, who wat 
beneticedal Monmouth; and (4) a daujrbter. 
who wa^ narrieil to ]>r. Jnlin 1 1ngfaeo, arch- 
deacon of Ilereford. 

Wood deMtibc^ him as '• jtckkI man, a 
grave divine, akt If ul maihenisticiaB,eiceUent 
uhilosopber, pure Lalinist, and incomparabli' 
tjifllonaii, buing no lew eriiicol in huturies 
than tlie XeuwA Selden' (Atkew Oxoh. «d. 
BliH. ii. 56G)j but Brnvrne Willis remark* 
Ihiii 'nolwitb*taiidintr thu rrvMlom be takua 
with other bishops* repututiuns, he was n-r- 
tainlya very great i>vm'.Miiack. [audj omiltvd 
no op(iorlu»itv in dispo»iiif[ <if bin prnfer- 
mentii. in order to provide for big chitdrpii' 
[Suri.'rjf ftf CiifkfJmf*. ' niTi-fiinl,' p. It'J'i). 

Ifi^workriare: 1. ' (Tatalo^H Epv-woporum 
llathouien»Liiin e( Weilen»inm,' mnnuirript 
in Trinitv t'olli-jre. Cam hridpc, dated Ifi Dec. 
1681; ct Uakvt'i Mti. 33, ff. JJUl-O. It is 
laiffer, more ele|{ant, and in ^me tbinga 
moreaeeurutcibantbiiunicle on die bishops 
of Ikth and Wflls, even in the U»l edition 
of bb Hahoralc printed work. It wan pub- 
lished in p'irt by Hi-nnn' in hi" nlltion of 
John rie WluTlinTii.-ti'ii A ' Chronicon,' 1732, 
p. tJ35. Ileame had pa'Tiouely printed ■ 

?orl ion of il in John di> IVikclowe'A ' Annalea 
IdwEirdi II,' p. 3S1. -2. 'Concio Lsl. in Lire. 
."», a; imi. Ho. 3. 'A Catalogue of Uie 
BiKhopH of Enzljind Mnri' thf Gtvt planting 
of CbriKian Itetigion in this Island; together 
with a brief History of their Lives and MiMnor- 
ahle ActiouB, eo niiir a* vmi he umbered 
out of Antiquity," London, IttOI, Jlo.in black 
letter. dcdicBled to Thomas Siickville, Io(d 
BiK-klinri't, IoiyI high In^Hurer, Io \ibO[Q he 
was chnnlBiii. A ^eiond edition apjiearcd in 
KSl.jwilh many adilit ions, iind(at 'lli"C«ur*e 
concerning the flrsl Conversion of our Britain 
nolo Christian Iteligion,' and (/*! ' Ibwoiir"* 
coDCcrninf; audi F.»pli*J'inen a» have eilln-r 
beei). or iu our Htfiorien reputed, Curdimds 
of the Cliiirrti of Rome.' lit- Iranolatctl the 
whole work into Latin under the tillenf ']>« 
J'rivsvlibv* AngliK ConiBieiilariiis: t>nini»m 
Epificopor»ni,ncenonet C'nrdinalivtnt'ivMletD 
l^entifi, noniinu, leinpora, iK-riHm. atqve- Ac- 
tiont-H maAimiN memornbiles ah vllimo anli- 

Juilute repelita coluple\u».' London. KtlG, 
I.I). A xpleiidid edition of this work, With 
annotations and a couliunatiou hv William 



Godwin 



58 



Godwin 



KiohardBoti, mw!ler of EnmiLinii!! Collvge, 
Ctunbrld)^, wMiinnUKliii :fvolit., Cambridge, 
1743, fol. t)f tlifi (hltIv editious thfro mv 
wvi>ral copiee, with nmniiEL-niit uut«», niiion^ 
lh« collect ioiiH nf Kn-nlinMiiiititiKloiigli in t ht< 
Bodlciui Littrarv. Woim! suyti tltut (lodwiu 
eiul«»vomv<l 'out i>r M puriljitiimi [liijut-' (o | 
bhuK u '^'ttiidal on ihtt rjiihulir bitHho^b, and ' 
to advance iho credit of llio»e prwliitwt who, i 
lilcv hirosi>tf,wcrem«mwlulV<'rlho Kc-forma- I 
lion I'lTiiw]. After t!i« »p)«uraui;e of the firrf I 
fH]ittirijuribt^Tulalu};uf 'sir John IInriiiirlr>n ' 
[q. T.] of Kc'lcion wruti- fur l*riii(« Heurv's I 
privniv iiw « iMinl"mu»lkiii of t lie ■ Cat iiIiRiit' ' ' 
undorthptiil^'AbripfViewofTlii'SniUfof tbe 
Chutvb of Kiiyiiiiid ns il »U«id in (^dm-ii Elixa- | 
b»itb'.*imd Kiiig.lain*-fl'sn'ipi,tothcywirli)0?' ■ 
<niibUiilic<d kl->3t, 1. ' Itiinim Aii|{lV-armn | 
Ilcnrico VIK, Kdwordn \l, •■t Mhiih rotf- ! 
Ttuit)bu», AnnAbw.* Lnndon, lUH) -1'^, -Ito, I 
16:K),roL All b^iiKliflbtransUliiiii bvliis.-Min 
Mor^o Godwin, dcdiinTii'l t^i Lord Scuda- 
mon-, Iia« bnii e'-v«jil tinifs printed. In 
lti75 it wan priuti^d wilb llacon'n "Hiclory of 
llwnry VIJ. Tliu wvrk wii" iruii*lated tnUi I 
Frencb by Ij»' swut I)e Ijoipiy, Paris, ]ti4", 
4to. The 'Lift! of ((hl'mi Miur:>,' u-jwly trant- ' 
lat«d into Kn{jrli(i)i by •'■ '•"dtbe-t from tbe 
biftliop's Lftlin, i» prinipd in vol. n. of 'A 
Complete Hilton." of EHglnml,' !70ti, fol. 
6. ' .SlaU-mi-nt ol' n IS^j'-t^r for ConYtvini? 
TnlvlligL-nci' inio llL'«it'(^;d Towns imd hort- 
rr.«"i», itnd recfiviiift Answer* tbrin-froin 
utidLT condilionn (anfififd,' diLied 7 Mareli 
]630-],itiid ■t|{Kwl byllip bisliup nnd hi» »on 
nidina*; rmiriiueripl it) State I'ajiir Oiliw. 
Dorn, Jamas L vol. oxx. art. II. '>.' AppeiuliK 
nd Coinnn-titaritiKi dr !^rH*ulibiis AfiRliiR,' 
L'ind<)ii,U>:}|~:!,4to. r."Xmiciu«iiinnimiUui»,' 
M'topiw,' llliKI, and i«r»7, Hvo. Trntisliilod 
into KiiL'li-'h by I>r. Tlioinns Smith of Miiti- 
dab'ii ("ollfpf, Oifnrd. who fMtillril it 'Tlni 
My*t<Ti(>ii*Mi'-*.'<cii|^fr, mdocUiiip tbeStorclB 
of Mi-ll'n Uwirti," prinn-d witb ' 'fli" Man in 
the Sloone,' London, llio7.Svo. Tbia niid tbo 
followinir work wt-ixi writttm when CmmIwim 
wa« u kiudunl nl Hxfoixl, «. ' Thi- Man in 
ihpMnoDt'.orn Dieeoiirsfof iiVoyaj;t' tbithcr 
bv I '"inini^n ( Hin><nli.v, I hf Hjii-edv Sft»*rn(r'T,' 
London, lIKfe*, ItSftr.and l.H8,i*vo. Ii, waa 
piibli&bed ftft«r the aiilh'irV dwith by'K. M." 
of Ubrjdt (.'biitt'b. Tlir work shoWf tb»t 
Godwin had fonifl iinnginariou and wan wfll 
»Ci{tiHinlMt witb tliu Ouin-rniran avMeni- it 
waft tninnUtod into Frfncli by /. Buuduiu, 
I'aris. l<llK, Hvo ; La J lave, Hi-'iL l^io, "'id 
ll!7l. It !■( pnerally ii\ippo-<«'-(l thdl from tliiB 
work I'r. \\ ilkins', binbop of Che^t^r, deriTml 
wverftl liiiiis for bin ' IJiftt'ovcry of » New 
World in tbe MiKjn,' and th&l 4.'ynino de 
Bvrgtmv mUo borrow^ fruiu it in tbo ' \oyag6 



to tho Moon.' Swift it uttiuUly ctediuid witli 
bttvinjf d(^v«d from I)e Bcr^nnM^ »nmr idrm* 
for 'GuHiver's TtrvpU,' pnrtirnlnirly in ibi? 
voyuiri; to Laputa, but tjiero is nu Ra^tm why 
bi* should not barv takvn lh«tu directly IVtmi 
Godwin. 

\''«rttip vmgrav*^ « jiorl rait of Godwin is 
IT-li^for Kichard»n»'it mlitionof ■ l)e IVnenli- 
bua,' 

lWoi>d'» AtheDB OiotL (Bliu), ii. 555, BM; 
l.ii>dwin, I** fraiiuliUia (Ktchardwn), jip. Hi, 
CIS; Dr. Cainpbull in Bmg. Brie; L« \tv»'« 
FuU (Uordy;!. i. 10G. SOD, iJO, ii. 252 ; Vfoai'i 
Hint, ot AoLiijiiitntm (►xon. p. 'ifl2; Rynur't 
Ftcilcra, xTii. iV; 451 ; Qm^v^* Btof. Uim. 
of Kn^lnnil. .ith edit, ii. 61 ; BkllAcn'ft Lit. <d 
Kur«.Iw{l».'H), iii. 168; Willis'» Surrej of lb» 
Callicdml of LlnudnirOTlt*). p- *"; KawliHiOB'* 
llfn{un\,y,2\2; K«nn<-lt HS.&llJ. lit; Vaut 
>iod QiivriM. 6tb avr. ii. 20S ; Caleodur* of Suta 
I'Apor*, Dom. 1,1611-IB) pp. 38S,4V7. 4<J9.< lei*- 

iau), pp. 2»2, 2as, san. -loi. *m. (]a2&-ft) p*.^ 

138, U2, 37e.(lfi3iUI)pp. ISA. 17«.54«.Mi,M 
(162fl-8l) p. 486. (1681-8) p. 445. (IW3-4)'^ 
pp. III. 333. 471.] T. C. 

aODWm, GK0U(::E(lft»r^lH8S),«ehi. 

ti'ft, :>on of an iircbiloct at ltrom]>tnn, ww 

bora there :i)S Jan. lf<l&. Xx the npo of thir* 

livu betnti^rod but futlwr'soHioc, 11ci))iickl]r 

dcvtdopi'dfttustvforliteralnreand (he seiei 

lifii- iifiuectsofart. rorsomL-limv hi; acted r 

jnini-€^itorof a magazine i-aJled I ho 'Lit 

L'nion,' In 183ft l.iwdwin nbljiini-cl the 

mcdiil awnnlfd by the Itoyal Institute 

BriitBh Arcbitectf for bip <?*juiy un 'CiM" 

cret«.' Tliie tnoritiw- wn." almost ininiMialf 

tnini<latod into .'<*'vpnil Uin^uagRS, aud it 6til 

I rvmains a standard work nn tbi' xubjp 

' In 1836 7 Godwin look nn Bctiw jwrt 

I uriifinrjt iti(f thf Art I'ninii of lAindon, anJ" 

f(»r ft long iKfriod wa» it* bmi. wwr^ilnrv. It 
I wiiK OH'? of thf «r<:ul obju-c'a of hi6 life 
' i-dncaiir tbe public tafit* in matl+'rs of » 
I Tliii Art l'nion obluinod a oburlvr, and it 

Hniiiinl ai'CHmii- xihih rvarh^ mauy tUousai 
' of pnundfl. Durinp tin- t-arly dayit of railwi 
enti'rprior GMwiii iiuurd ' .\n .Apixral to tt 
Viihho on lh« SnbjfPt of Ilivilwaye.' 1(437, i 
answer to coiiBvnativg oliji-ct iimf to ihwr 
multiplication. In 1S:)6 hi- pahli.'OiM 'The 
CbiiroheB of l»ndon,' in two voluinw, with 
illiistraliouft fi'omdrawirfrnhy Mudn-nxicand 
Billiii}^. Godwin now (;onlnbiil«<) iibii 
to thir mcvliu;-)! of the Initlitnl« nf Bnt 
.\Tchit*ct»( (ind other sorii'tii-f, and wmi 
of tbt.' pnuoiiJiil wriierenntbf' Art Jni 
ih(- '.\rcbilt-cninil Mngaiino,' and ibe'Cil 
Kngimcf aud ArpbitnilV Jmirnul.' Tb« : 
ciwty «f Aeitii|wariea printixl his esaay ofl' 
' .Un.^inA' MnrUs' in ili- ' ArcbrLMitogiB,' 184^ 
.Vmong his mom imporlant writings niajr 






Godwin 



59 



Godwin 



I 



b 



«ired "Tbe Mmoa cmployMl Tor HsiMD^ Otx^ | 

«f the I.4iXf>r unolisk nl I'nrMy.'Th*.' lufilito- 
tioD of Fn-cniii*onry," ' Tlio Stat*- of Archi- 
(«vture in til'- l'c«inei;)^' ' IVecvtit tflan? of ' 
■t'cilojfnc Cfttludrnl." ' Ancienl Arcbi<«!taml 
Jteinniiip iu Iaiwit NuniuiDdy,' uiiil ' TrtrH-iil ■ 
8tAteoftb« Art of iJIasj-peintinpinEiijitland 
Mid Fruuw.'.* Owlwiii wmli' u farct> c-ftlled 
•Tlitf LmsX Day,' rrhie^ii nn* ]iUvi-<l (t1 ttn- 
OJviapic Tbeatro in (IctolMT Ik'IQ, and ho 
W lw rqcttitly wmtir > niiiiibvr "f dntmss, 
wliicli liavf nni bpt-n publi^)ii-(l. With Li>TPifl 
PirK-ucli ke «di|nd tli* ' i'llgniu's Progress ' in 
1844, nlio siifiplying a memoir of nnnyun ; 
uid the same vi'iir he iasoccl a voluu)« un- 
til Kt) ' Fuel •> and Fanciu.' 

Ill 1S41 (jddwiu UcAtne ndilor of (tio 
*Biiildcr,'«joiinio! fxuiidt^ twy years before 
by JiiKppli Aloysiu* IIaui>4m[q.r.]^iiiideavc 
(o llic [>iii»T ii!< n-i^iifiiif'.'d |io«Uion, tii-ulwiii 
publiaL«<i in l^tK IiU' lIuihiittffH und .Monu- 
mcntK, M<id<-ni und Mt^diivval, und lu l^Hii 
npjH-nn.'^l hU ' llt>li>rt ni Huin«.' a jurie* of 
tpitcfs )nt*;nded uapDjiularoulliiwof archi- 
Uctlinil bi»lory. 

Gt)dwin Uboiired n-nloiiBtvlniinproTP Iht; 
#»nh«rT i-unditions of ibi" ilwiflliiijTs .if tbe 
|VH>r in town nnd coiinln'. Hf- Thoroughly 
exnmim'd many nf ihe ilibpidulod l^ndon 
houMv. Prinrtf Albert ant-m-iiril<i took tin 
intvn-M ill tli« ijiiG«ti<Hi, and in \>*-'}l tnvck-d 
a mode! dwi-lltiiii in llydr- IVrk. V'nJHrflip 
titip of ' London ^hndowE' (i()di\'in publi^lird 
in lUSM ■ work embiidt iiif^r thv cv^ult^ of an 
inuuini- into 1 bf rondil lop of I bi* iK>rtr. iiijd<M> 
turn in lb'_' pn^-vditi^ vfsr. Tliiii wof tiic- 
4Vrdi-(l hy'T'i«ii SuHtnimJuidiSwial Ilriiljfi'*/ 
In'Aiiutltcr Itlow for l.ife,*n vulnme tuiued 
in IHBI, b*- (ij^in ralbt) tttcntion toumilHry 
«ad Bociii df fecu. 

Otiiwiii UtoU tin nctiT^ part in lUe wort 
oftb(*hiiyAl I>it''rHr>?'iin(l,.)r"wbichlieiftTisn 
rrwtvr-- - f in tbe X«wi"|«iii«r Pn-w* l-'uiid. 
Up fa fi-llovrol'ibultoTHt Society 

uul ^<iiy of AntiijunritMt.iind in IVJ^l 

b« it«^iv«i ibe lipoid mi^lal of the JCoyal Iii- 
fltilutvof Itrlliali Andiit(^«t&.H'wbiL-h ho bad 
bwn a ricv-ptoidvnt. Qndnin r'niiidt>d a 
ndiolitrKbip in oonmvtion wilb tb<> inetilule, 
bluwn «» tbe ' Godwin Biinsary,' tJiu boldw 
of which wii» to i»l.iidv nnd rftmrt upon tin; 
arrhit (plural ivork and jirofessinnal ])nrrici> 
of o<ber c"tuntri»'». Hi- nl-o •iipji"rt*<.l lln? 
Hclli-nir Socii^ty, and oMiiHi'd intlitr founda- 
tii*u of the tww eobool ut Athifns X'l promoti! 
the dtudv of (im-k nntiquitiM. Ilfi furthtT 
took a ki'^n int<-n-«t in tbe contfm)»rary 
at«^, and faif drawings wt^rc consulted by 
Cbntli'A Kvan. Il<- piiblisbi-d a book on ' llio 
Dmuntnlily of obtaining n Nntiminl Htpatre,' 




in whirh he ndvoc-atcd on^ oMioual Uieatia 
fur tile metropolis, to be supporti'<) itiilwr by 
Itovernmeut »iibsidi<« or hv priv«li.**«bw;rii»- 
I ioiM. 

Dodtvin wa^ a t>u(<<?>^rAfiil architect. He 
wiLt award'-dn pr>:ininm in 1847 for hi-i se- 
leci<-d di.'tiicn tor tho (.'olncy Uiitch Luuatie 
,\*yliiin. 'Jiie chief work* rarrit^d out iimlvr 
bill nolo n.-»poui-ibiIily were tbu following: 
lb(.- Itromplon )*fi.ni(-hiMl nalinniLl wbocils; 
Fiilhainrbnrch tower {r<»*t-(ired>; Kt.Marv'a 
Church, Wan>(r«*tor«d ); St. Mary Kedell^e, 
Bristol (n'aton-d): .<t, Slarj'ft t^iirch, \\'c*t 
itrnnipt'in j fU>dclifI« infant tichool und n«i- 
di>nr^, Itrintol ; ri>idrnce ut Wall's Court, 
near HriBlol; and buildiii|jiiat ^lanky Farm, 
H'-ar Bristol. In conjunction wltli hia'brother 
llcnrv bfl carrittd out ibw following works: 
^luiidon ( 'burcli , near \Var«( rtTtorcd ); ' Hock" 
hnreI,'We«t Hoatblcy. .Siw^x; 'Elmdate,' 
Clifton Jhawne, Bristol; Liltlu Miiudun 
Chnrch, JIciTfordshirt- (rf*.ton»d)j Ht. Jiidr'« 
ChnrciifliarlVC'oun ; drinkingfuuntnin, Clif- 
ton llown^i mill t)u- lUilrlifti! Mansions, 
South KDUf^iutftoa. 

In IRS4 liiidwin wnn appointed a member 
of (be royal comniisiion on th'' hoiininf^iif 
iheworking'cUsvea.and hibonred UL-tiwlyin 
this his latMtt public wi>rk. II«- dit-d at bia 
residence in Croniwidl I'iiiof, Sjiiih KiMiMinj^- 
ton, :J7 Jan. IfSfW. (.todwin liiid !»<«-n a nnt^ 
ci)nfctorof aiiciont chairs and relics formerly 
bflnntiinii lo cidrd^mii-d iH-rwin", wliitdi wwni 
i<o1d after hifdi^rh. A chflirsupjxiwd tnlinTe 
bffii ;5baki-»pL-arc'ffwa» sold for ll'Uguiueu. 
( >tb(-r rbiiirH hnil lii-lonjtcfl to Mr», hiddonn, 
Mrs. Browning, ibe pot^l Gay, Anne lloleyu. 
Alextindi-r Popp, Sir Walter lta]ei};)i, l^ord 
Byron, Landnr,Nupiibi>ti Bonoparto,Tbackr'* 
rny. Antlionv Trriflope, lieorge Crilikshank, 
and NaibAnifl Unwthonic. 

As an editor (iotlwin win careful and ex- 
OCtinf^, Iff wat an cfTrHivo and fluent public 
epcuker and im ontcrtuinin)^ i-oiiip«nioD ia 
private. Mr- was h if'W'd narrator of *torie«, 
{food-liiinionrudly cynical. 

[BuiMor, 4 I-Vb. 19»9. TiinoK. 30 Jan. I8SS: 
Daily Ndwh, I» April IHBK; tindwiu'i cited 
worlu.] 0. 1(, S. 

GODWIN, Sir IIKMIV THOMAS 

( 1 7S4-I W).i>,niaj<ir-i(i-iifral, commundinfi the 
troops in the second B»nn*'«? war.cuterro the 
arinv in Ili*o-inWr ITiKlnsen^i^i ',*lb font, in 
which hi' iH'cninc li>-nt<*nani in ImXI, and cap- 
tain in |iy*H. Hesened witblbervKiment n(. 
Fi-mdinlWlO.inihflOxpiL'diiion toHonovfrrin 
IWV), when be wn» ndjiuaui of his baltnliou, 
andin Portiipal in 1KU8. In I(S{Xt lie wasprc- 
f'-iit inlheopi-ralionxonthcDouroandthend- 
vnucetoOpurlo,and aftemardaaccompanie' 



Godwin 

IticlMnbrna, mftfiter of R' 
Cambridtrc, waeprinleH in 2 
17-W, U>\. Of tl'- ^nrlv 
(teifml rv)pieA, with RuiniiM'ri; 
llfcolltwlifjiianf ltan*liii"<in 

Bodlei&ii Libnin-. Wood wyi 

VDtluovourvd ' out of a pi ' 

brius a HcaiidftI on tbi' caihoni; 

to ulvttUL'u lb'} civdit of f ' 

likr liiiinH-lf, witremamt-.i ■ 

liiMi IH-ruxl. Aftiir llic 8|>[n; 

vditioti of thv'CiiUiti.igur'Htr 

[«j. T.^of Kctstoa wrote for 

private U9C ■ continumlion of _ 

UDdtr f-ho t it k- ' A brinf \'i«wflPi 

ChurcU of hJiglaiiiJ as it eU>od 
bHlh'Hau<lKiLif;Jamfi>'«n-i)in,to 
Mtiiblislic-d IliWl. 1. ' Herum 
liwiriL-o VJII, tdwardo \ I, *-l 
Doiiliba-i, Aanitliw,' London, liil 
1630.fijl. Au EiiKlinlitrnuiIni-.f i- »• 
Morj^n (Jodwiu, liislicaleJ lo ' 
xaatii, has bueti Bovcral tiin'.-? i'. 
\tSib itwHit pnnlpil n-itli llnonii'n ' li 
IKiiry Vn. The work wui trmwi 
l-'reuL'li by Ln iiieor He I.nijiuy, Pu: 
4to. The ' l>ife of Qm^ii Man,' ol-iv 
lat^xl into t^n^lisb by J. IIiit;hi>« i 
liiohnij'ii Latin, is prinknl in vnl. i 
f'ompk'U' llixlory of ICugUnd.' K ' 
6, ' SlBtuwrHT .if a l*TOJecl for tfu 
tnte)li|;^nr^ into Hi-aicpc^ Towni' au I 
rcOTva, and rowiviiiK Amwent tli-t 
undiT conilitioiif MM-cifli'd,' dated 7 ' 
10:20 l.und sipiiuJ Wthu' bi«li"[i anil In 
Tlioiiias; niiiiLuscripi in SUti? Voiim- ' 
Dotn. Jnini-fiI,vol,rx!t.nrL II. tJ. ' Aji 
ud Comiiieniiiriuni dv I'raMiiIJliiw '><■ 
Iy.ndini,l(ll.'l-:!.-lto. 7.'Nimciiii*iiiiJiii i, ■ 
' rioijiaj,' htitf. and UJ.*". .'<v.>. Ti..nKl.. 
into Kri^li.h by llr. Tliomas Smith of M\" 
ilnli-u Odlcgi', "Oxford, who "iitillwt it_ 'T' 
MVBl''ci<>ii9^l*-''''""ng<'r, uMlocUiiip tlieS»'<'i' 
of' Mm'* HfJirr*,' print.'^l with 'Thi> Man 
till' Muono,* London, lt)'>7,Hv". Thianndr 
fiillowinK work vf..re wrirt«n whi-n fiodv* 
wm a Bliidt'Ht lit Oxford. **. 'Tlif Man 
ill* MiMJiiu, or a HiacuuraL-of ft Voyage t bit li' 
hvI*'>minK«<3«n«ilc*,lht.'S[j.'i!dvM';s«'n '*" 
i;->iid.m, l(i:W, l(W)7,iind 17W,Hvo. It 
pnhliiibi-d after rln- ftntlior*!' dciiih by'E, 
of (Mirist Church. Tli" wrk ibowi. thai 

find will had wimr ni I ■111'.' i:i-i .- ■■' V. 1- V ■ 

ntiioaint'it with lli> ' | << ' 

Wa- M. ; .1 ii'i, ti..|i!-|( t.v .1- !■ '■■ ■■"!, 

Fki< l.n Uavfviwil. 1-" ' "<-li 
1B71 i "• - 



Godwin 



'~Svl'> iltas UttM ; Lulidiin ' 

lii(*«fesli. 3x9. A vaf«l -k" -" »l 
■a7 ■/ ika Am and >eemi itnrai 
A t» hmi m Low'* Ili«L Indwn SwrjA 

. ), mttionlLi 

.1. I- J' rill I 



laiskh, >p<-nt ttii< litrtuii>- wbirlt bvj 
^«--r^i. tr.i'd ranuiti|{, <'">k to dria 
- nii'c, and nuuliini to VI 
. L.u lower ai BMcU mnrrs. 
^_ tiii4iff4h Dixon, an IrinhwociiAiit 
"-7^fc» WI -IT i'litbliv>n. I-j1w»m1, 



I , III II n;i\' 

i'l laletii, I) 



, 'irid U !iu ij 

Iv by puiiK 

.. ill in II. 



. - ' V\ ...■,;;- ..I 

ii liiT'i liiiliii'.; hI ' 



I iiwin Fanii 



>l-- . '.. ■.'11 Mlltj 



1. ;;.!! 1-iiiiily i 
III rwaid* Ivnrl at 

.mm 



■ rr' ?■! Ji^hnwjii, 
.la rvadf r and in ! 



(.-- ' 



, -V ■■■ l' ,- 

a'l.- . ' . . 
I- -li" ■■■- 



k .-. ,■ 



■■ ';. " ■ ^1 ■ - 

■- : \i - ■ . . ". 



Godwin 



Godwin 




his IwtUlioD tuUibralUr. H« inarched with 
the lisht ompuiy, a» part of a pnivifiunal 
light MltalioD, rroni (iibraltar to Tarifti, and 
took part ill th" itnt defence. He was n vo- 
luut>>tT iindtT I^rd Hlayney in tbu atti<uipt 
OD ]-'iK'n^>nr<iU, near M>lu|^. He cMmmaiitleil 
& (Itta4-liin<-nt of two flank roiu)iuii8e uf hie 
battalion ut Cadiz, at ihf spctiod dufRnc*' of 
Tatifa. and at Ihc biittl« nf Raroeuia, where ha 
waa (wvi-ri'ly »yuiMj<?<J. For lii^ I'enin^uUr 
■ervieea h<? \va6 ntadi^ bi^vct-iu^r and C'.B. 
In Ihjr 1814 he wa» [i]^ipoiiit»d iniyor iu the 
old Rth WtiKl India rr^iment, and in Novt-iu- 
ber 1615 lieutenunt-culonel of ihv 41»l foot. 
Godwin took that nf(iiii>'nt mit lo India in 
18^. AfWomimnii^ it In Ruruiah io 1824, and 
Wai preeent in i-very action in tJm firm Biii^ 
moMwar.froni ih^captnivnf Itanprion nnlil 
pi<aoo wu ni^nd in Mi^hl of I. lumwnitimini 
in FubraaryT 8^, pxc^ipt dnriim lb*- Utter 
part of ^J<^2\, wUc-n he was amployed witli a 
dvtai.'hi'd fiirce in rtfducinjrihe Buraiew pK>- 
vincc of Martaban. Godwin iwire received 
llie t!ianL» of Ibi.* ^r:ivt;nion-geii«Tal in council 
for hilt !H3riict«. lie eiichanprd In half-pay 
in l&J", became culoncl in 1*(7, and niiiio!^ 
(p'niiral in I t^H. In I^TiO be was appointed to 
adiTiaJanal command in Itunfful.und in l^*>3 
waa a&'1«ct«'d for ihv cotnniuni) of lh<* Ib-njg;al 
diviainn of tbi- Itnrnn*;* espediiionarj- force, 
of which lie look tin* coianiand in cbii-f, Th« 
MNXind Diinni.-tt' nnr bcirnn with tin- hoin- 
budmcut of Martabun or 5 April 185J. In 
November Uodwin T«capturi-d Pt^jfUi »i'l >i> 
December the annexation of ih>^ province of 
Pugu Iu India wa# pnx:luiiiit'd bv l<ard Dul- 
bnuaie. Kurlheru[jcmlion>'fo1i'iwi'dat Promc 
and iottif Uaniroon livcr.uitd on 1 July 18-VI 
iho »']([icdilioiuiry fon-i-, known olheiallv as 
tltc 'army of Ava.'was brolicti up, and OwJ- 
win rctimx'd t" India. MiiiiHTrtniinl uclivity, 
in 8pil«- of bit years, hau lit«n rcmarkL>d 
throURhont, and be wb» h ^'at favonnlf 
with llic rroopt ; but tbe pmtrected character 
ut tbe later upt-Tat i<jni« had drawn upon him 
much undi-«ervcd abuM; from certain portions 
of tbu Kiit''li>h and Indian )ir«ea. Ueappeare 
to have ttiTteil tbrou|{boiil in accordanc« with 
the insiTuccionit of L<ml Ualtioa-ii.-, by n boiii 
hiacORilucl wn*fiUlv«ppruv*?d. On li-jdiviirs 
reCora to India, he was nnpointed to com- 
uuiidtheSirhinddiv(!>io4i<>r the Ueniml army. 
Hndind at Simla, lit ibi-w-'ii'leni'i' ofllie w>m- 
mandor-in-L-hii'f. Sir William liunun. who 
had b«Pn hialiriii.lii-r:>ulinlli!rn in llicDIti foot, 
on 36 Oct. If^aa. uT itip a^e of i;i.\ty-n)n(% from 
the rMullH of espt^iMirw nail over-i'iiTtion in 
Hannah. Xoiiti^'alioii of his apptMntmi-ntii 
na K.C.B. and colonel lM.>tb foot wh»i rec<>ived 
in India ufli-r lii> death. Wu. only datigbtcr 
narrii*d Koben A. C. Godwin-Austen ji- v.]^ 



[Ilan'a Anny LiaU; I>ioilnn Uaceltaa; Oral. 
Hag- naw wr. ali. jV9. A owfal Bpitonc of tk* 
hlMoi^ of ih" dm and ncmH BorreeM «u* 
will Iw fnand in Imv'^ Iliit. Indian Natj.] 

H. M. C. 

GODWIN, Mi». MARY WOLlJjruNt- 

CKAI-T ( 1 7.Vi 1 7«: 1. luiiKwIUDeaaa wiite, 
born :.'" April li.Mt. w»s in«nddauchtcr of k 
ticli .Spitairtelda nianufikooirer of Inih »l- 
tractioii. Her father, Edward John Woll- 
stauecraft. spent the fortun« which he had 
itUifiited, tnixl farming, look i^i driniung, 
bviltiixl biit w'ifi^, and rambled to vanoai 
plucKS, fiakinf; lowc?r at each movo. By lui 
wift<, KliiabMlb l>ii<in, an Iriubwouian 1^ 
I7»0i, bi- had aix children. Edward, lk» 
vidvet, wax an attorney in iheciiyof I 
ITifln" werfi thre« diiiifrhtcn, Mary, Kreriu.! 
and Elixa ; and t wo otbftr ^na. Mary an 
Elixa had mitch talent, tlioitf^h Httlv nlura- 
tion. Maiy in 177'' Ix'cami' companion to • 
Mre. Ihiw4iin. In 17^ bir miiiht/r di«l, 
and tlifl »i»tvrs, finding thoir fatht;r'a boiu* 
intolerable, reaoWed lo bwrom« taacbm. 
MoJT went to live with a friend, Faanj 
Blood, whuao fntbvr wa» aa ^n>iit a seam^ 
AA WoIUtonccntf^ . and who hclpL-d lo Nip- 
port her family by juinlinf;. Her mirtUrra 
Mnt. Itlooil, tiK>k in m-<^ll»worii, in whieh 
Mary ^^'olUtoIlecrafl helped her, Kvcriaa 
\\'oll6loDtJLTafl kept hou>« for her bnithiT 
Edward: and Eliia, allU»iit,'b atill vrcy 
yuuii|j, unbilled a Mr. IlishL.p. in <irdw v> 
eacape miM-rv al home. Itiiiriop'H brutality 
made her wr«lchi-d. Hvt li^ ia dc*<:nb?il 
in hw »i»lvr'n ' Wriinjc* oj" Wouieu,' Mr*. 
Uiahop went into hiding till a lesnl M-pam- 
tiou wua arnuik'i'd, when about 178." *he *rt 
nil a ■rhool at N"winj^on lJn*n with .Marr 
WollwtuiH'cnift. Il lin^r«d for iwn war*. 
rinrinj^tliiK p>>rii.)[l :>be >iC4|uiretl aonx- friend^ 
and was kindly received, shortly biifon? hu 
death, by ]>r. .fohnson. Fanny Hbiid, wlw 
livinl with tlie Ki*l«r8 for a timi', married 
IIui;h Ski'vs, a uierchanl, and sullied is 
I.iatiijn. Slie diwl in cbildl)i>d *<'">n after- 
wards 1 29 Nov. irsft). Mary went oat t» 
nuri>e her, but airired I.io late. After herrfr- 
luni Hhii wrote a painphli-l t^alU-d 'ThouffhU 
on the Kdiicutimi of UauKhlem,' for which 
Jolinson, the publiBlier in St. Paiil'a Chaich- 
yanl, ^avv her 101. lO. She then becamr 

51 IV erne** (Odober 17^-7) in th« family of 
jonl Kiugsborough, aflerwarda Earl of 
KiiiffMiin. She thought him acoar>4' ftquin 
anil hi^ wife a mere fine lady. Lady Kinsa- 
br>roiiKb wa* jenloUH of the childn-n't> aflm^ 
tion fnr rheir ^ventcWj and di»unaAed bar 
after a jenr, She then settled in l^ndon. 
showed a story culled 'Mary' lo Juhnoon, 
and was umployvd by him as reader and in 



i1 







Godwin «« (joowin 

ive T ►■»;*. Itbr rail T Lrlr^i h^r=U:eri t=i fr"=.l.=. * ;' s :-;--*-: i ■ ■. : : **: - •^r--.- 
hei>. leninj: Ev^rlsi :■:■ Fra->-, tzi Y i-r ir:^-*-" V-.".ir* '.--.■:'.»'. - r -■ 
som-r li:*'mrv «■■*::-" T. H*;^, :zN"" r^'.rT "->-'■: ■*"!.* -~-t -.il. :. "i.- _--' .■n-i ' ■ t — - 
1. -lit" mrT William (r.iir;i, "-i, v.] : r i-j:. r-iizi-i i-t zt,-: i-i t -".- . ." ■..:.-- 
tirst iLm--, whrn hr .i;*l.k-i L-er *,•-:» "^-^ 
flu^nr talk iilrr-cy^i THr -i..:vir^ Ti-=-i.- 
le. who wa» ■:■! lijt •^.-ir.-.&z.j. -'-- z :- 
id iitT • Viridltti- L -n •■'' '.Lr Jl:-'"- :* 
men'in IT&l". I- tii T.-=:r i" ;■>-*. ■:«■!.- 

panv wi'ii J,t-*-:n i-I Mr. izi K--* 

^li. ' Kno^l^^ ■ ;= hi^ ■ L:>7 f F.vL " 

that Mar> W. ..L..- -,-ir: !:ii ^...'.t^ - 
■ wiih Fus*-!;. wtj wi* *lrvii" =.i.T--i . 

-he BOT rii ■•f h-er j^Twi- ;iI_T il t--> 
it* of jivi.'- ia ■>r:-Tr -■:- ;>;.— Lin. i- i 

she pr^lp.'rr'l *■"- itiV ■-" L.* Z. _*T .1 
Tto be Drarhi^i. M.->, Fj^I: i-:t^~' -. ^.--■r-- — '.~ ■. • 

*Kri* t.> br-ak ■■? r'.r i.:- 1 •':.—- z.: Mr 1»- r. 
1 i.Vi/T/ W-"t* ■■'^-:/\ '.. IX.T. >i.-~ !r-- - -:t -_ 

rtor%\ cLiedv -.a :b-r zr '^^i rJii' -i- r— -i _- i -- t -_i , 

ned & 'cloi- ^>Ei' :' >[--. ?' — ' *■ - I- ' =-- --T-r 

Fusrli. which ar- ■.■^rii-r.'.T ii_— .z-t-.- I'-Tvi- -.--:. 
lie *!,>., ^.i* t:v.- ;'-r2; ir,:' ... - - —---. -■.-,-- .'.--■- 
•aris al-.nr in I'r->:^'Tr 1" *■_ :£-r--':.- - ? :l-7: - -. 
(iilUrn Is'sy. ^r, lii '•-*- . :-i--i.- -jl: - -_ v 
h» AiE*rlcas arxj ::rT.j: :':.- — tr t' ?..•—!. .-1 ■ .— ■. ■ 
rpf^nil-.-nc-.hi-'aTi'.'-r- I-i'Trr- ; — rr' -- y.:— '■'■ ■■ ■- 
:hi? II --rrb-irrir t-rrlTTT -■.-.".•:.-i .- .-- . -- - 
i, ^<l..d>. i:i':..i-i-i- - --r /..-■: ;--: -r V- _ 
rjinmeri'ia, 'T*i? ."i" ".? *■-- 1_— — i ' ' "::.- 

with Lie i- !.:• t.: -, .-_■!_ :.l.l~-:j- - -- - v 

in Eiurli-iwjTta::'':--^:^': r ■;'■> 1-^: :> "■-•- • .■ ■ ;■ ■■ . 
b^ timr. ani nv i :^ir"Tr :' izLTv m.-. T . v-» ■■;■ ..., 
inline ri"" h-r v'*-™-. Z<-"- ■•"■.'■",' ~ . ' 
ix). Sh^=^:rriK:= - Hi-v i--\.'--;: -^ ..: 
7»3.*nd 'a UMiT :r"*iri-^- -1 • i ^t: — -v 
J. caU-<3 Far.nv. ^i- : .':..--.-: i.-;:.— .';-•- 
ral VirfW.-.fi'i^Fr--:!!:-- .r '.■^•.r ->- - : . 

rwapis, Injlav'i .-^::'_f. -- —-;-■■■■. ■•■ --- "• - 
from brrf.rl::r:ir^ .>.--: \-- ----- i . 

1 i-how d-jubr? '' i1t '.r--, -. '.-.: -.— '.' - 
>n* of hi* Sd-:iTv. ■^■.- :' „ — --. - - " ■ , 

land in 17i*-". ar.i „-. - ,:,-i.i -: - :■' '- - 
to mak- irri:.^--—-::::- ir-z^-'.-- - ■ , 

merrial *^-^ .It": z.: I'tr-i:-- ■' --• ' 

■19 tn Lirt. dr-^r:-!-- ■: -■- — ..... , 

ep'ibliiLr-i in !?-•'. ■:-*.— .-..-■■ /.-.- ■ ■ ■ 

ijrJ*i''""L'^i i:.v':.rr If ~li ":- ■■■- 
mLrr^.f fvl-iTir;-- -■ ? -■-,".' . 
■wa- --.l^-- ■ ■ .^--. ■-■■■■■■, 

linr •■■r:_-. ""ir r;.t ,-. •.- ,- t ■- . - " ' 



tioaft TMUa I 



_^___'Ottrm«n iOiisira- 

tMi-ni6ir» of the Author of a Vindimlioii nT 
ibn Itia;hlii "f Women, by William Owlwin, ' 
IjM; A Dofcnw uf ihc Clunctar sod Cuoiiuci 
of Uut Ute M.)r,v WolUtonocMfr Golwiu ... Id 
n MrMut »f IcIUtth To 11 Indy (nnChor iinkiiuwii), 
ISOS; WillUm (K»l«iii. hie I'rieuib Md Con- 
tftDpurnrio)'. )'y ('. Kr^an Pnul. lAiU, i 1C3- 
291 ; Miirj" WulUcuntvnifl. wifti pri-fiilorv int~ 
niiHr by C. K«^tn Paul, IS^B; KduwIw'f ^if? of 
Ftuwli. 1. IM-flV.) L. S. ' 



GODWIN, Mnuti-W (.A- UK.), ruiiii^ 
Icr ill Vir^'itiiii,biptii^i'dal nicltnor,<iloiiiM>A- 
leraliire, on l' [)|'l^ I'UO, wui^ tlii^ii(>coii<l »oii 
ofMorpin(iodwin,LL.I).,n'irorm'tiialp!acr 
and i-anoii uf Hi-rvfnrilif/. 10l.»), by liis wife 
Klueahcili.utd tli<' ^nnil^vin nf frunriit (itxl- 
win. D.D., bishop of llomforti lij. v.] He 
btviimM n c(itntD(tn«r of Kra*eniwe (.'ollegt, 
Oxford, in MitUtnmmi-r u-nn ItSttl. but pro- 
cwdeil B.A. oil Hi Man-b lOGi a-- u. ntuibnit 
of (.limt Cburcli (Woon. Fa^ix Oiom. cd. 
Bli», ii. a77). Ttieii, taking urdi-re, \i'- Iw 
catnr> a minister in Virginia, under I be gi> 
>-vmiiii-iil yf jjir Williiita Burkt-k-v ji. v.1, 
and eotitinued ihere 'in good liking fiir 
auvt-rnl yrnrs. On bis n-liim home hf berame 
beuetici'd, NikyM WcKid, ' iii«r I^md'On, wheiv 
ho OniBbiid his cnurai'' (AtAntO' (Iron, is\. 
lili*siv. 190-1). Heisauthorof: I. 'Tbe 
Ne^To'a itnd ImlinnV AdvociitL- ^uiof; for 
tlieiF Admiiisian into ttit> (.'bim'b ; or a lYr- 
Hiiu^ive lo tlic iiioli'iict inir and bupliHing of 
the Ne(fi-ui8 mid ln<riaiij> in our Phintatioita; 
ulipwin^ thai a« the Compliaiioi.- ilifn-witb 
can prD|iidicL- no Nfiin* jost lurt-tvai, !>o ibi- 
wilful iii.-ulee1iiji; niid uppv^inK *''* " '^^ »'' t*-'^ 
than a tnanifcst ApiK-tacy fniui thfCbrislinn 
Fiiich. Tw which i» Fiddi.'d, A briuf Ancouiit 
of JMigion in \irffiniii,' 4to, Ijondon, HW(). 
3. 'A SupptDinent lo ibe Ni^gro's and tii- 
<lian'i> Ad»"cjil<'; iir fi"mo furlhiT Consir^pra- 
liona and PmjKiHuU f>'r llii' i-irrcliiiil und 
Bpwdy caiTj-iiii.' on of iht- Nv|;ro*« t'bti*- 
tinnitT in niir I'litnutiom . . . witboul any 
prejuaico to their ownere. Bv M, (i., ftl'ron- 
nvtiT nf tile Church of England,' Jtn. Lt>u- 
don, J6B1. 3. ' Tnidc pr.'fi-rr"d liL-fore It.ai- 

Son, and C'hrisi niad»- lo \t\\f. jjlaw t<i 
Kmuiuii: mprc-sciiled iu a i^rrmon relating 
to ibi- I'lnntntiuns' 4tn, Loudiin. iOSo. It 
wft* tiwt prearhc-d, uci-nnlin^ tii "VVtwid, iit 
WwtmiuBler Abbey, and nftorwaidfl ' in 
divt>ra <rhur)-b<-j) in IjOndoii,' 



[Aotboritiea aa ab«-e.] 



O.G. 



aOD\VTN,TI[UMAS(l.-,l7-ir,lH)),bi-.hop 
of Hath u!id WvlU, wus bom in l*>l7at Onk- 
iTl{[]iani. 11»rkabin>, <if jMior prirttnta, und st^nt 
10 thti free school. Dr. Liiyton [q. v.], arcli- 



d<*iu''>nofBu<dungbainithin*,aduptedGodwiB, 

fare him a rUuical education, and about 
o:tN»..<nt hint St hieuwucwllii < Oxford. (•(>>]- 
win i"ifnn to have found ol.b^r fn«>Dd« oti bi*^ 
pain>u'ft dt-ath ( 1040 1, by wh<«« hulp he wa* 
coabl^ lorviuuin al tlit>iinivprsilY, La 10(1 
he trradiiattil ii>4 B..\., and wa« olcct^^d a pn^ 
Ualiont^r of MHtrdaleu C'-olUye, bccoauag • 
full ft<llow in lt%J*i, and pmocv-Jiu^ JH-\. to 
l&47-rt (Worn.. Ath4-u9, «L Bliw. ii, K!7; 
0^. r'*iiV. fty.litf.IIi8r.Srtc.i.2ft1). (lod- 
win shared ih« principW of \\\ji early natiin, 
a ' zenbiu.« ntformor,' and, occordinif t'n Wood, 
n-as obtie«d to leave Oxfunl and r<*.'ii|^ liit 
f.-ll..w-4liip bet w^n July I Tt\9 and July 1500, 
'>u account of di^putca betw<^-n himself and 
■ (fit am papists' at hi* foUvp? (see Aif 
mifio/t liiyiitUr, quoted br -Sir, Wodhanu iu 
!tvrthimp(ontfiin A'oitM an-l Qwnrji, vol. iii. 
pt. \ix. pp. 66, BO). Il.> was, howerw, 
apputntvd liuad-maiilflr of RmoVIcy whoAl, 
juat foundisl by .MH|;diilon. Ili; prubaUy 
wouct hither in I>'i'l!i. and wiii> ibo fintmiutcr. 
[ifi.) Ill' mmained at Itracklny till Lbu end 
of lilt* reimi of f^lward VI. but tmdfr Mary 
was fiwwid. on acoounl of his r>.-li)|(ioue prin- 
cipleit, to liaive the uhool, and, havinjf nuf 
ried in iJie meaiilimc kuUrl. daufffal«r t£ 
Xioholiut Pnrefoy of SlialitoiiH, Rucliia^MiB- 
Ghire, Bludifd plivaic to support hi.4 wiTeanJ 
family. He was lin-nin^d (opractiaemeiUciiu : 
ITJiuiH lOooiO.i/. f'ftii: Jt/y.) Fie turned to 
divinity afior Klizaberli*s accession, and w»* 
ordainM (aboiil l.'itKO by iNicbola.'- Builiiis- 
ham [(}. v.], bisliof" of Lincoln. Hi- was Biu- 
liiigbnm'it cbnpbiin, and a member of ibi: 
lower hniLsi! of onTivocition, nnhscnbing t»- 
thfiiriicUs of l.'iH:i, and alwidiu-niuir iho pc- 
tirion for diHciplinc {SruyrK. Anual*, \->i\. i. 
pl. i. pp. -189, TrfW, T,\2). Uodwm rapidly 
ItewinK- a popular preacher. K)ijutb«tli wa» 
BO pleaaed with his ' good part j' and ' p.wdi\ 
pormn,* that in iT>^^ abe apiHiinied bun one 
of hwr Lfiit preacheni, a post which be 
bold for ri)(lit'-nn y>-ar».. In Juurj !M5 hi' 
wiu muik> doan of rhriat Ohun-K, and pro- 
ce«d«l II.I). and T.D. on 17 Uec. at Ox- 
ford. In thf! ftame montli hi; wa» installed 
pretwnilnry [>f Miltim in Lincoln Caibt^dml 
(I^iis/iiin-M MS. v. 982, f. 152), wIi«no» in 
iri"-l-0 he wns tranttfenvd Iu tho probrnd of 
Ltiiirhtivn Buxiard, which h«rwiiin(>d iu \hM 
( W I LLI6. OttJi. .Viirr^. iii. mo, ■J-2 1 ). Whwi 
riixdlifth vidited Oxford in Au^UEtI&00,(}od- 
win wftfl one of tha four divmeti api>oint«d 
fo hold I JK^ilogicol dip^putatiunfi beforv^ h«r; 
lodfjinffR werp prepared for her at Ohrist 
Oiurdi.und lliodeea w©nt out to Wolrcrcols 
toree(-ive!ier( FUizabHhan OlWw/i/, l.txf. Iliat. 
Sfk-. pp, l(*8-20:i). Amnnp the Parker MSa 
(Corpua Uhristi Collc|^,Cambnd^) i«a 6ei>- 



( 



God 



wjn 



6i 



Godwin 



OMn pcvscbed hy bun Mom tli« qimn at 
Orr^nwicli diirinc; this yettr (Ifim). The 
wiattif afWT \iht viait to OsTonl, KluuilKitb 

Erwnot*^ iSodwin to tlip d«'i»ni'ry iifCiinh-r* 
urr. Hv w»f si-tit oo u cnminiiv<ic>n to visit 
tl»p iii')c«i(' of Norwich, und itreachiMl the tirsi 
of a t-Tir-* of e^^nnons, t-ndowi-d br Arvli- 
biab<>i> I'arkiT. in iht? ' (irei-riyanl ' m Nof- 
wSi'h I Juno lort7 i. At Oamffbury Godwin 
bad lo tlfral with a tiirhiLli.-at e>:l of uwiuiu. 
IjOfUilant iximplaiuU were tuaile bv lb«m i 
■gaiiul liim Co the *rcbbiBhop,wbi[L>t^i> dean ' 
WW at >}nv <iini-(j)ili)inl Id upiirnl to lh>.- ju*- \ 
titcfiof the ttenK^. ODP rannn baring Ibmtt^ 
mvd 'tunnil bini tothc wnll witbln^iivrunl' 
(Stutpk, I^f/ctT, i. ifi3, MA, ftrti ). Hp pmc- 
ticsllv rebuill thp (K-snery nfter a fire in 
IWWiUTSiEH, f'irdrra. x\'\. 186). In 1573 
I'nrker nrciued Oodwia nf brfahiiiir ctu' sIa- 
tiitt^ and coOBOniini; the cathfcJrul'o Rond». 
The df-au >«tr«-niiou«lydriiiwl ihochurpc, and 
mtKriobtT 157yhe7wctivwiibeliviD)rof Ituck- 
in^ein the CantArburrdioccM^, prohahty as ■ 
prouf of t hv nruhbwbop'a forKivvncM (STRiru, 
Parkj-r, i. 5BI J. In 1576 he beoame one of the 
ecclDaiactk-ul commiwioiicrs. In 8ept«'mlM>r 
15>M bf wmk luiidrf bifchopof Itath iiiiil WulltL, 
a sem -vrbieb hud been void for three vean: 
lirin wnii lh<* M-cond |>n>t<-«tnnt bishoji 
Bnwcrared I l^ntd^jiriif ^fSS. vol. '.W:>, ff. 1 ifl, 
^). lit' bad been a widower for acreral 
■ra, hut «rii» miipiided enough to marry a 
id tiniir, when 'aired, diseued, utd bune 
' tbe ^ut.' Italei^b had been acfaemin)} to 
et thn manor of Itanwell from the bUhoprio 
u hundred yt-aiH'Icaw. He now told the 
en that Godwin bad mnrried a ffirl of 
reuLy for brr m<Hii;T, The Harl of Bedfurd 
luiniv di-fendi-d (iiidiriii bv stiiiirii^ ihat the 
^* — 1 wife was a widow aiid had u urn ovur 
Culf (nTi-> ht-r tiamt' a* Miirgmn-t, 
Jiler of \\ illiain Krenn&n of Wflln. first 
mArrivd to tbu bixbop, then to Williatn Mar- 
of Tilings, but Ca'<.')an hilir-vi-» him lo 
ivp [lury-osely transposed the niarrisuee, and 
^ngton i SfaU '■/ fAr Churrhnf Enffland, 
ion. lU'Vt, p. lIUi calls, ber a widow, 
I tbc iMflhop WBS entrapped into the 
\ Tbeijuwu.buwvvtT.UiokRaleigh's 
, after Mindrr Anvry ineaMtgea from 
kIwih, \o save Banwell, bad to part 
Kitber manor; 'bv neilborgmTeWilF- 
nbe for Io»e nor sohdy for moneT, but 
_ lit for fcar'CiA.) DUfrmccd.aDdbroEen in 
haalth, •ulTfring rraiii a (juartiiti im^im, th« 
blahop rvtirt-il to biFi native airofOskingbam, 
wlier.^b.Mlir.I.af[.«I7:t,.>n 19\or. 1600^ He 
waA hiirtfd in the cbimcfl of Oa}[inf;ham 
Church, with an in»criplion to bis memorv 
bf hi" fon Fmnci* ^q. r.l, ftiib^lain of Exe- 
tlw hutorian. In person be wu 'tall 





and cornel^;' though ho piibliithed nothinj^, 
h<^wa« an eminent Hchohir: and he was hos- 
pitable, mild, and judtt^ious. 

[Cnsssn'fl Hilt, of the Biklxtps M Bath and 
Wf lU p(, ii. p. I : Weleh's Alumni W(»Lm- p. 9 ; 
Ood«rio« Cat p. SgJS.a»d De Pm-». Ka^\. p. 3W, 
V.\<. XUih ntid Wella. p. Ml : Gntth'* Hi*t. and 
Aniin. of (>xford. toI. il. pt i. pp. IM. 167, iii. 
*38; Hnstwi'iiKcnl. ir. .Sflfl; LynoBs's Bertt«hirr. 
p. Hi. Follrt-'s Worthic«.i. 1J8-9; Le Xovcrt 
Faaii.i. 114.] K. T. B. 

OODWIN, TIUfMAS, U.I), irf. IflW), 
fwboolnuuiter, wuitlbcH.'condH>a of Anthony 
(lodwin of WoiiliKv iu Siiintinirtjthire. After 
' u fframmarHchooledueation he enteral ^lag[- 
dalenllall.Oxford.in lilO:.'.Bt theearly oReof 
fifteen. He proceeded lohisdegreeof It.A. in 
lOOO.audtotluitof.M.A.tnlttOU. tbi leaving 
the univt^nilv hf waBnpjioint««l chief master 
of Ahiiifrdon Arbwd in Horlti<hin', uhere he 
n-iiuiinpti for tteveral yeard. In milt he tcok 
bis di>gTe6 of It-H., iind at this time, as well 
as soma years previoieily, he ia mentioned as 
chaplain to Jain» ^lonta^e 'q. v.], bisbop of 
IJsl Q and Well*. He t hvn rv»)i;D«d bit ecbo- 
lafltic work,with which be wa.« e\haui>(e(t,and 
obtained from l>r. Montapit- the rertort' of 
I{ri|{hlwell ill Berkaliira. While nl Itri^it- 
woll he further proceeded to bis dejrrert of 
lUI. il. lOOi). Godwin died on iVi March 
ItHiJ, and WH* hiirieil wiihiii the chancel of 
bis cbureb, where a monumeni waa enict«d to 
ht!> mi-tnory by hi* wife, I'hilippa Teiiadole. 
Hift piihli^hird Works conisiFil of: l.'Komaiiiv 
ILsiorin* Anlhulo^ia. .\ii ICii^lish lOxpoai- 
. tionoftbeUomitn Antiquities, wherein many 
UomanaDdlCuv'lisbUfBcvsarepiimllellcd.auu 
divenw obscure l*br«aea explained,' Oxford. 
I 1011. 4to. ThiK work wa«puhti»bed for the use 
I of his seboolal.VbinKdnn. Thcw-HOndwlilion 
appuanid in Ut2^ wit bcon^idenibleuddit ions. 
I llii> aiktii-nth and Inxt ediiioti irnw priiil'tl si 
I IjOndoD in Ififlli. l', ' Horilpgiam Thrasiron, 
orn Surrey of the I^^tiu Ton^c.' Thednt« 
of this work is unknown. 3, ' Synnjisis An- 
I ti(|LUIa(iun Ilt-bmicarum ad expliention)<m 
' urriiinque Te^tameuli vsldu ucceMariik,' O.t- 
foni, U310, 4to. L>edicat«d to James Mont- 
ague, bishop of IliLth and ^N'etls, and dean of 
his ml^(•^ty « chapel. 4. ' Sfoses and Aaron. 
Civil and Kccleaiasrical (tilv* used by the an- 
cient Hebrews obwr\-ed. and at large opened 
i for Iho clearing' of many ubecun< TexU 
throughout the wholn Scriptur*',' I.^ndon, 
j VWt, 4tu. Tlie tweltib edition of (bis w<irk 
' wsji imhliKhnii in Ut>d. It nttrni-Led the 
laltenijon of &f?veral disiinp^ifbed commen- 
tntiint, Hinnnj{ whom mny In- mmlionxd Dr. 
Ihtvid Jennin^ and I ho learnnl lloitinner. 
I &. ' Three Argiimenls to pn^ve Election upon 



Godwin 



64 



Godwin 



Forsaijrlrt of ftith.' ThiBwwrkwVileinmanu- 
«crtnt Ml int.11 lUe hands of f)r. Williiun 
TwiM of Newbiirn" in Bprkshifi*, who promptly 
etuUengud t1ii< wriiinftnufUodwin. A wurro 
clupu1« cnmi"-*! Mw>Hriilhe two, in which, 
according lo Sainut'l Clurke, 'I>r. Twiw 
protnpclj whipiKfl til'- itl'l M^hiioiinaster. 

[Wood'* AthfiMc Osuo. ud. BLue, iii. 31 ; 
Wood's FMit.i.nia. :i:ii, sm. 308. 489. ii. la. 

47; IM>r« Clmreb ili«,, I>r. S^murl l'liirW» 
Lirw fif Kininotit !'fr*)as; Jmnin;^'* Juwiah 
Anti.,uitia, &c,] W. I'. W. S. 

GODWnr, WILLIAM, tlw vouoffcr 
(It<0Cl-I*i2», Miorl^r, only son of William 
tfodwin thr chter, hy lite epcoad yr'ttv, wm 
bom !28 Mnrt'h }f*l}X Ht^ who Mi^nt na a day 
boy to thi* rhatli'T-hniw at t>ieag« of eight: 
then (\til\'i ti th^ iH-bot)! of tlit; y-umgi't llr 
DumeVMt GtVBiiwirli ; in 18]S to ;i rrttnlller- 
cial Bciool nl Wnwlfoni, Ks-iox; and in I'*19 
to t> iniilhemHtical schoM nndwr P«-tfr Nichnl- 
Hon. In ^'•'20 bi« father tried to iatroduce 
him into Mnudsltiy's e«i;ineeriii}^ i^tAhlixh- 
ment nt Lambpth, nnd «ncrTriirds to njipren- 
tim him lo Na»li tin- Brcliiloci. The bt>y 
WBB waywnni find ri-.^Htlpss, hut in 182S «iir- 
prisffd his fnthiT hy pniiluiL'ing Hoinc lilorary 
wisiiy*, which with [trintrd in the ' Ww-Iily 
Kxftininfr;' and in the finmt- yi«r I>t?ciun« 
ivporfer to the 'Mominn Chninii'lt',' k |K>«t- 
tioii whifh hf rMniiittl rill his dp«th. IIu 
wrote ooeasionalarliclw, one of which, 'Thu 
Kxeeiitionor,* wa.* publishwl in ' Btnrkwond's 
Mni^iiiv,' and In; rntindnl n wt^-kly Shako- 
spoarv uluhailli^I'Thc Mulberne«,' H>'ili>^ 
of ciiolrrn^ Sept. IfvldJcnvinKa widow but 
no ehildrtni. lie l#ft n novel. ' Tran«fii"ioi\,' 
sntnowlmt in the vuin of his fntht-r'* *Oileh 
Williaufi.* It was puhlixh-'*) in ;i toIs. in 
I8S0, with a memoir prefixed by liiafathrt-. 

nUemoir lui aboro ; C. K. TauI's William 
Oodwia, ii. 90. 2J7. 276. 29\ 321.1 L. S. 

GODWIN. WI]J>TAM.tU.! «ldtT(1750- 
18Wj,(nilhor«f'P«ililic«Uu9lice,'»onof.lohn 
(Jfldwin.w&abfimSMnrch 17'j'lar Winhcacli, 
Ouiibri(L(9«hirti, wherv hi» fiitlmr, Iwrn 17t*;i, 
WM A niwentinfi ministpr. His m«ihor'» 
maiden nami! wiuiIitU. H(> wuk tii<- ■••v>-itl li 
of thirteen cliildren (AWa* and Qiifrifn, 3rd 
s«r. i. fiOS. I'ivM n fow piirliciilars about ihu 
family). Uf wn" physically pony, hiil in- 
lclli>etually prpcocioiin. and was brought up 
upi^n iflrivt puritanical priocipln^. Hie fathf-r 
motrcd in 1758 to Drbcnham, Stiffoll;. \n 
Ariun niliiority in hu conk'r&f,'atioii o|i[iijsed 
him, and about 1760 he SL-ltlcd lini>llv ut 
Unetitwick in Norfolk; he never rvcetved 
nhovn lUV. a year. Williaiii wba scnL to a 
dame Mhnol at Ouestwtek, and in 1701 10 a 



aohool kNpt liy Robert Akwn at Hiadpl*<^ 

t«n, in tliA neigbboarhood. HRuaed mitnl 
tjiwrotly into t£e meeting-house toprMeb lo 
u fellow-pupil, and bocanu- u |>romu<iiig in- 
dent. In 17K7 hi> was tent sa » pn{Ml lo 
8huiii>4| \ewton, an indvpundent miniMvral 
Norwich, of whoM eeTerity he afl'-rwardft 
complained. lie had an nttack of tfiaiU- 
poT in I7tt8. having rrfumd, from n^liifious 
ftcruplvbf, t'l be inuoulnted. He rand lloUJn't 
' Ancient History,' and was inAuenced by hit 
tutor'H Wilkiti^ politico and Sandumanian 
theo]o){y. In I7f 1 h« bectniM iixh^r in hu 
old school under Akcr«. His faLht^r di«l 
la iNov. 177a. In April 177.1 h<> wr-ni to 
Ltmdnn with hia nintht>r, and, aftor bfingre- 
fuM-d admiMion to H<in>«rtoa Acadi^my an 
siitpicionof Sandemanian r<>ndon('i(-n, cnrmd 
tin; Boston Aeadcmv in 177S. Hen- hft wa« 
imdor Kipnin, who f»ocntnp s nm^fiil friend. 
Tie wa.s ' tamoii* for c«lm and dliipa.-««(»nal« 
di»cos»ion ; ' Ue rose at five and went to bed 
at twelve, in onlw to liavi- time for meta- 
jiliyHicfil in(|iiirie«, and, ihou^li a Culvinisl 
ni llieoIflgT. forniod the philosophical ooinioa* 
aa to maU-riiilii^iii and necMsity to n-hich be 
adhered through life. He had argumt-nt* 
with Dr. Roes of the ' Cycloiurdia,' ihi-n the 
hnnd (if ihu collti^i. In 17ii hi' itn.*iu-h«d at 
Yftrmniith and Lowestoft in the summer 
sea.'Kin, uud in I77t<, a(h-r an unMueccufnJ 
application at Chrisuhiirch, II«i«itthir>% hr- 
cnme ]ninl->tt!r at Ware in Uertibrdshire. 
Here he came under the int1u>>uc« of Joieph 
Knwi-i't.n foIlun'ururJouHthan Edwards am) 
a vcroujj: r-piihliean. lu Augiul 1779 God- 
win moved lo Loudon, and in I7S0 be<-ani# 
isiniEter at Siowmarket, tJulTolk, whur" hit 
faith in Clirii-tLaiuty wan ^hiiki-n by a ntudr 
of Frendi philogonliors, thouirli he was for a 
lime n'C"inviTl«l Ijv Prir»<li'y*a ' InMitut^t.' 
He fell out with hi^ cou^rt'^alion in 1783, 
wwit to LonJon, and bnrun tn trv hi* band 
at nntliOMhip. For the fir>.i half nf \1t^ hr 
was nmtn un trial aa a taiuisteral Dcsoon^ 
licld. hut finally M-ttW to the profcswion of 
literot [in- in tlie autuuin. Hi* ' Life of Chal- 
hani'ivHJ puhtiAht^d in the uprini; of I78S, 
and hf' afYcrwjinls wrotr ]i«nipljl-l^. urtiolof, 
anil niivlK. .MntTny employiHi him on th« 
* Knglixh Uiirit^w,' and in tranKlaiinf,' 8iinnn, 
lord L'lval's mftnoinj; but hu had <.>rivn to 
nawn hi* wnteli or hnok.o to proriire a dipner. 
In 17^hewna appointed, through Kiptiie'ff 
ititTTHlnction, to writothii'hij't'irical tirticif in 
the • New .\nnunl 0^.*t^r,' He now dropped 
the title of ' reven-nd,' and h'-tK^forth aaw 
little of his family, tlion^ loth.- end of h(T 
life lii« mother, n nhn^wJ old lady, wrote 0^ 
caaional letti-r» of hnd spelling and (^amniaff 
fuUof religious advicauw mat urnalaffeotMiu. 



Godwin 



65 



Godwin 



y 




hwA noar lurr lUtM um, » Uraer at 

IMIiDtf. N'jffilk, mud dtej la Aug. 

wia'a poUtin brou)^bi him intii oonuwrt with 

iAmXui uwl iilWr whic |>oliticinn8, but Ik 

•««*t>ol ti>a*l rnr>iif;(i t4) nto-pt ofldn of 

Mtppvtv n putyvrrilttr. lit- wwkaown to 

|UtF nnfw t-xtivaiK party, ami becUBH e«pe- 

cuU|' intimftte wtihThonu-iHolerofiffi. v.] 

\l* ^lOok k popil or two at inienala, t<> oue 

ti< whooa. Thorau Coo|wr, s duttknt rvlstioc, 

•ad Kft^miittU nn uiuuvcMcful aclor, b« 

•tMnrrcl much kindnpM through life. Godwin 

I MBuiif; the Kfli-nt 8yiuiMthij>vn with the 

nivi)lul)Mi, »nil fm{ii(>ut«<l tlip hoDM! 

'Helan MatU Willumu. He read PaiiiA 

'IbKfatsof MMi'in niuiitxcripl, tinvingmailt* 

Uift ■nthor's acquaintAiice nt thi^ houae ot 

Dnuid HoIIit ,q-^>] In 1792 he became a«- 

^^^mtnt«d vritii Horw. Tookr. I Iii now settled 

^ut • iHuU kooae ui Chalton Sire«l, Souu-n 

^nWn* wh«rc be livrd with f^reat eooaomy 

HailWBliliion. Hv bad n-< r«|faUrMrvanI, 

I •■ old vottaD (^minif in to cinan hia rooinii 

and melt hit nution-chnp. HswenC a good 

Ami inlo aocidly and fonarti fn«nd«hin» with 

dMUnniilMd men, audb a^ Tbamss Wi»dg- 

jnpl, Ponoa, and KJtMiit. [{«• aUo bocauii} 

wilh Mra. Inr:lih»Id and with Hn. 

■Aarward" Maria 1)14^)016 [■]■ v.] 

IwinV ' foUtical Juriici^' app««red inFfr- 

bn*ary 1703. Ilr nN>'ivi.il »«v>.<n hundmd 

I Ipr the ropyriKht, aod tbr«« hundrvd 

I BBorv aft^ir a sale of tkre« thousand 

cupH*. It WBA prutiiable to ibo publiabtir, 

land made liodwm known a* tbi> nhiloAo- 

lolbeal RrpsMMntnlivv of Enfrlisb radji-alism. 

It u a ouioaa inMant-i* of f\ln.ini- prhf 

cMm advoeslwl ilutpawionnUiW with the 

ralwa— a of oiH^nuclivl l<>|{ic. It was modi- 

Sad la tatar editionit, and in th« preface to 

Ml. l^poa (l7Wt It** annoiinoM that be can 

fiad a plaee in ht* uytttm for the domeatic 

virtoai pnrviouil^ umitlvd. It MCBped pro- 

titiilioWj il ia Mid, brtauax ibe go<ramm«iit 

■ayp^Mlhal Ittitu liann could M doaabva 

tJM^»>riiriii'm iniMiCNtioii. Th* impnMion 

tiul ••t\ ynunit men ia ciirinuxW il- 

^^hm^i.- rili^f{i)bin*iiii'>i ' Pinry (i.32- 

^^^^bi«rtu9n> th'>r'- 1* a <~ort>i9riundenri> between 

^^^■^on and ICobiTt Hall. - Polittcal Jiu- 

' tW*WM fntlowrti in \Uv 1794 bj the f»- 

I BMlnUe nir<-1 ■ rnU>b Williams,' BUfnieft«d 

^Ljanlybv - Vifrw>>a>to thvfaliH-n«'M 

^Bofthvewi- >riB<ir»lity.lMU|irvNtcrvnl 

^F by tb» Mrikini,' titiiatinn and r<oniiid«Tabtw 

B HMViU of atyl«, U wm dmrnaliivd by C*ol- 

twut tba ^luintn^ o.v.l.who ibowtHl lilile 

Mtrd for lUc ■uilinr'K brlinfpi (llouens, 

rWlr ran.pp,-.'n-Ai>>a),a«'TbalroaCliF«i.* 

feu ixii- 



FC^-li 



In 17m Ood wis was profoundly inturastod by 
lie Irialu of JiuHipb (Iwmild [(j. *.] in Scot- 
land, and afKrwards of ITome Tooke, IIol- 
croft, nod oihvn in Ijondoo. He wrota a 
TKinphli^t in anflwer to the rhatse of Chief- 
jiutice Kyre in the latter case, ana he became 
aoqiiaintml with mitny of tlir I«>adiiij2 wbii(a, 
whtun hv: mul at the hoiue of I^oixl lAud«r- 
dalv. 

Qodwin had uilki^ alout marriagv in a 
philoaophio calmneaa booq after ooming to 
London ; but a match propo«G<I by hia sistor 
came to uothtng. Ho had aome tendvmoas 
for Amelia AlderMii, afterwarda Hra. Opie, 
and for Mrs. Inclibatd. In 179<5 he furmad 
HH atUtrhuifiil ro Mary WolUtouftCraft [«ee 
(riiDwijc, Miiir 1, who was now liriug as Mrs. 
rmLny in tlii< fitomrv ctrr.Ie fnquriilvd by 
Godwin. Although henbjected to marriage 
on principle, he admitted that it had adii-an- 
tBgM when he expected to become a fatbar, 
and be appears to have been aa Binoereljr in 
lore aa hia nature admitted. The mamage 
tookplaoeaK >ldij(. hmcraaCburchSd .Murch 
1797. It vaa kept private for a ahort lime, 
and Oodwin took a tieparatv apartment in the 
Polygon, Smn^m Tuwu, twenty doura from 
hia (iwn honBc, in conformity with his tbwiry 
that too clwo an iiitltnanT who provocative 
of mutual wi^nrineaH. Mrs. InrhbaJd mui 
deeply ag^riered by the marriage (Pacl, 
Mary Wvusftmfcra/t, p. Ix). Mn. IWeley 
w«pC, but was rooonctled. Mrs. Oodwin gave 
birth to a daughter, Mary, afterwards Mrs, 
Shelley. :I0 Aug. 1707, eanght a fercr, aitd 
died 10 Svpt. following. Oodwin was *in- 
(«fely affeclMl, though the atory is told that 
when his wifo exclaimed that she was 'iu 
li>uiTen,'heni!p1icd, ' You mi'ati, my dear, that 
your jtbTsical sensations aresumewb&Lvaaitir.' 
A painhil corraspord^-nco with Mr*. Inch- 
baln, whom ho aeciL-ted of using her ill, im- 
mediately followed. They were nat-«r quite 
rsconcili^d. though at iiitf^r^'sli they had a 
oomspoadenoe, and it was mutually irri- 
tating. He saw a few friends and act about 
compiltDg a memoir of bi* wife, which sp- 
pnarad in thia following year. 

Godwin rt'tumed to his studios and to 
Micivty in 179^ lli^ was led in charge of 
his infant daughter and of Fanny Gtuwin 
(as she waa catlixi), Mary WolUlonMraft's 
<lAiighl''f by Imlay. A Miss Jones who bwk 
care of llie children had apparently sobm 
wish toW tliviret<'pmothfr. Godwin tnought 
that a M-^-ond wihr might be desirable, but 
bud no fniicy for Misa Jonw<. Hr viailed 
Hath in March 1 79A, and madf* acquaintance 
with Sophia and Harriet ijw [<|. r.], wril«r« 
of thA'CanterburyTalca.* Ilemadean offer to 
I Harriet Boonanerwardsand reasoned at groat 




Godwin 



66 



Godwin 



thiit Rhe ae-ied in the style of t hrftii^vent b ttia i nagc. and who alill b«lp«(l lii* brotkn-. 
lwi>][tlic«nturies. Ilisphiloaophv, hownrer, I Tivr) voltim&s of bu first antiqiunan work, 
WM tbrow-n itwny. Wlien Mre. R«v«I«y be- | the " Itifv of Cliaucvr,' u[>oii whicb be hai 
cAmt! a willow in 1 790, Godwin flnduvouied boen emplovM for (wo or thrae Tnu«,ap- 
topnniiade her to many him, with tb« same pc^tMl in Ocbuber ]603, bringing- &itn 90K, 
want of suocflSB. In D«coinbor I80L he was and be reeeiv«d the mrh- fiim for the two 



lit laAt inarri«d by Mn. dairmotit, a widow 
with a son, Obarles, and n dauglitor, ('lara 
Mary Juuu Cluinuuut ^ij. v.] Mre. Clair- 
moiit had come (o live m tht> n<^xt bouM to 
him in tbo Polygon, and intmduoed horeelf 
br ' la it iKii«iiiliI«thHr I bfllmld theitntoortal 
Modwin? She was * a qUAniloiH " wifi? and 



coQcludtng volumes. lie then coBplcfend 
' F1c«Iwoo(1,'b noreI.pabliab«din 1806, whidl 
waa a falling ott' from )t« ]>rcd«oomOTa, tai 
' Kaulkeaer,' a flay, wliich after wou dU- 
appointmenta waa acu-<l at Irrory L^iie in 
December lt^7 and ran for »ome aigba. 
riodwin's want of Bucccaa had forced him to 



n harsh et*pmo' her, and the marriage waa far become a borrower. Thomaa Wedgwood, a 
fri^mbnppy. Shi; ruled iKTbiiMbuidtM.'vcr^ly previous beoefactor, lent him 100/. in 1601. 
and was not favourable to his iViendaliipg. : Uc bad now Ave cbildnm to support (the 
Godwin was meonwbilo bi-coming embar- | two ClaJminutJi, Mary Wallatonooraft's two 
r&ae«d. In \79& huwrol«'St.. lA*on,'a novvl children, and his jion William by hUaMoad 
which succeeded, though not so w«ll aa wife, burn )8(H), and though hiii wife bad 
* Caleb Williams, and a tra^-dywhich has worked nl tniii>lalion», thi-ir position was 



raniihw). llv had wme litvrary <]uum-lii, 
«apecittlly with Mackintoah.who bail aliiu'hi^l 
tbu mora) thMxrivs of ihu ' I'olitiL-itl Justice ' 
in hi* !>-r:Uir<'ji at 1 li ni'idnV Inn, and uflnr- 
wards admitted that he had been too harsh 
ilife.i. 134), and wilh Ur. Parr, who had 
hfrn hi» nolil.ii.''A) ally, but hml rriririiti>d tht 



firocanuus. He now (16O0) rook a enall 
imiao in Kanway Streid.in which Mn.Go^. 
win carritfd on a publii^bing bnsinoas. Hi 
wroti.' for it some fables and biatoriot 
rbildrun, undiir tbo oane of Daldwin, 
owu having an odour of heterodoxy. Tbey 
Itad much aucceai. Mrs. Qodwin Lnin)>latiid 



I 



'Political Justice' in a 'Spital Sermon' some children's hooka fVom ibc French, and 

(15 .\pnl 18Ut)). ThL> friendship WGt. oxtin- the Lamba gave them aome bookn, especially 

guixhed by an cxclKinp orbiltLTr('|)njai.-hL'S. the ' Tales Irom SlialceepearT?.' Thebtuiiieas 

A piuiiijblel Rallttd ' Thou^iils no Ifr. PnTT'i!i HLraggli^d on with many ditRculties. God- 

Spital Sermon ' replies with much vigour to winhadalnounderiaken a history of England. 

Parr, Mnc^kintusli , and Maltbiis, and shows In 1807 the biiaineu bad improvod, and a 
that at this time Ciodwin coimidered Napo- | largi^r *hop was taken in Skinner Street, 



leon to be a xaviour of society. A copy in 
the British Museum bus Home admiring an- 
notations by Crtli'rifige. 

He waa now becoming known to Word^ ' 
worth, Lamb, and Coleridge. To Coleridge's 



Hotbnrn, with a dwelIing-ho»A>, to which 
tile family moved. A subscription wis 
startod, to which Godwin's political finends 
contribiiltrd bandwmely in ord^r to tmiirDve 
his chances. Godwin's health wAa Hunering 



intlui-nco ht! utlribucvs a rt'luro to a sufti- from frwjUL-ui fainting tiu, tbi>\ii;h not au i 
cinnily vague theism, bnvinu; been, ho atiys, to dimini.'-h his imlu.itry. In 1HII9 henn^ 
«onvcrti>d to unbcliof by hit convt-rsutiims duced tbc liviwofEdw&rdand John Philips 
with Hulcrofl about 1 7^7, and having become Kmbarnuwrnenlti xtiU inirrviiood, and be had 
an atheist about 170:?, that is during the difficulties with his wif<>. In Januanr 1811 
oompoeition of the 'Political Justice.' He bewaaaddreasedbyShoIley, From hiaeariy 
now too expanded his ooiirAe of roading and life Oodwin bad many diwipW 4n>ong young 
took to history and (he English dramattata. ' meuof promise atcracled by hU philosophicu 
A t«sult oftbiH was hilt 'Tragedr of Antonio,' reputation. His oorrG^pimb-ncc with them 
which was can^fulty criticiaed oy Lamb, rt,"- i» oniditable to hie gixHl ft-eliu^. and alwwa 
fuaed by Colman fur the ilaymarkx-t, but that he could administer judicioua adviotfj 
nroduoed bv Kemble at Drurr Liuio 13 Drc. | with real kindness (see notices of Amot, 

1800 and liopulsssly daraniMl. l.nmb do- ' . - - 

■oribedlhecnLaatroiihi' wit bliin usual humour 
in 'The 01dActor8(£onrforiiVff,7fir['wc, April 
18SSj, r«pnnl«d in /Umy* of Kim im ' .\rliii- 
einl Comedy of tbf* La-*! (Century), In Sep- 
tember 1801 Godwin (iniihed another trngedy 
called ' Abbaa, King of PcrMa,' but c<mld not 
penuadti Ki^mbli) to make n lh«b experiment. 
The failures were serioujt for Godwin, whusc 



Cooke, Paliickwii, and Kow<*r in Patrt.'a 
Oodifin). Sbelloy'a i« tl»e (mly cajm> still 
lUL'tuonLbU-. Godwin endeavoured to nloi 
liiA ImptTturisity during the Iri«b tour at 
1812, and in the autumn went to vini Ida 
dinc;ipl« at l>ynmouth, nnly to find that ibe 
Shelieys had gone to Wales. In October 
they met him in Loudon. In the follow- 
ing JhIj Shelley oloped with Mary God 




lary uou ^m 



Godwin 



67 



(Godwin 



I 



wuL Godwin's duuscter appesn in its 
worri Mpwt in tW iHlttr* ptiblittb«d by 
Mr. Dow(i<>n in hoi life of SlwUi^y. He tried 
to nuintsin his pbUosanbic (Ugnilj- wlii]« 
ti*«ling Shi'llcj B» a Midiictir for arling An 
the principles of the 'Polilieal Justice.' Hv 
refiMed lo coin mil iiiciil« wifh ShRllt-vuxwpt 
through hua Mluatore, an<l forbade Fanny 
Godwin tOBp««]| to heri<i«it«r. At tli>>snmp 
time, he wu not Rbov« tnlciuf; l.UUC^/. from 
Sbelle;, aod boggiwF Ibr axon. He rctorns 
a cheque with on a&ctstioD of dignity, but 
uln tut it raiTbo made puyubli! in uioi^er 
tuutM'. I'poii 8b«Uer'ii ai&mage, U«c«inber 
1816, \i^ was roooncilftd, and tliupoot'iiveBiy 
raliuD (nr tbv philowpht^ dicautwared on 
the discovery that Ciodwinwaa fally st'tiBible 
«f lh« adrantagm of B cunnvction wlcli tb« 
heir to a gimd estat^e-. Uudwiu, conatantly 
sinldng into dwper ambairafiemr-nt, tried to 
«xtoct mctuty &ntnhiiiw>n-in-Kw until SliM- 
ky'adeaeh, and f^elloy did liinWiit to supply 
tM venerabW honeleech. Mrs. tlodwinii 
utipathj 10 her «t«pdaiigbter, Mrv. Shelley, 
her bad teniper,and general spitefulDassmaoe 
tlunga worwi,aiid Godwin bad much diMoulty 
in keeping up any prcti^ncv of «clf-reapect 
(Dowhes, fikfilfy, i. 417, -UM. -I«8, iilil,&»tj, 
ii. 7i, 114, 321. Jcc) H. C. Kobinaon tta^ 
that b« onoe inlnrdun-c) <i<Klwiu tuaoertatn 
Riragh. N^xt morning hf>Tt-!ceiw! Hepantfl 
calls fmtn ibe pair. lutch exprewed bi<t a*!- 
minttiAnforttii.'otti<'r,andtheDiukcdwhrtbcr 
hii new friend would be likely to advance 
mi. iBtnry, \. 372). 

In Ociooer IPHi Fanny Cioilwin, wlio ap- 
to have been au stlractivf girl, went 
alM lo vi«it hcT mother's sisters. She 
«) h^'rwlf, 1 1 Uct., at Swani«a, for no 
.blL> cause, 
in vontinui-d to work in suite of dia- 
trarltoiiK. Hiitnrnfe! ' Afandnvilli* wa* pub- 
lUbedin IKI'.iuidanaDE'Werin MaltliimwHS 
iNffpininl^l^. AiLhi>t>ndortfa«ty««j'bebadn 
ili|^t «TTi^kr>nfparaly!<irt, TbfanswertoMal- 
thue, (in wbicb heapent much labour, appeared 
iniHJd, It tirfllittl6succen. It isablycriti- 
taed in Dona/s-.MBllbus.' 188rj,pp..<HK>-70. 
'Owmrda tbe cud of ll^ltl tbu publishinf^ 
naincu showed uminous Mymptoma. Ttiin* 
40epeo«d in the following yturv, and Godwin « 
tir.lf-tnliishonsein?ikinnerStre«lwassucc«8a- 
' :todiii 18:^. (iodwiu btfcameliank- 
r _ uatycar. ItisfHfndnagiunraniofi'ir- 

wani to raise the arreare of rent now cluimcd, 
I and lo i-nablf Kim in miik^ a frvah utart. His 
^^Ald opponent .Mockiniosh and lii» new friend 
^B.«<ly Uamlinc I^mh inined with others to 
^Kelp him, bur thrv fni\>^\ to s^ him on hi^ 
Bl^gsagTiin. lie livodin the Strand, working 
indurrioitflly, and brtween l»U4 and l«i» 




P 




produced his ' 1 1 istory of the Conunonweslth. ' 
He wiu the fint writer to make a Ihtjrougb 
use of the pamphlets in the Museum and 
othurorigiuuJ documontti. ili8tliuri>ugbneei> 
and accuracy made bis book superior to it.. 
predeciiaeor^, and it is useful, tlumgb in 
aooie dinictiiinji Aiipcrw'dei) liy Inter infonna^ 
tion. His 'ThnuRhtci nn Mnn 'inie^con- 
M»ted rbictly of "Id wuinyd. In that year he 
ma<lo the afjjiiain lance of Biilwer, to whom 
he gave somt3 eolleclions upon Kugeue Aram 
[sei- AHAU. BtTORITB]. In IMtlJ fie tost- his 
son, William Nodwin [i[. v.] In IB-'J-ILonl 
Qrey, lo whom Markintosh and others had 
appUed, maiiu him yeoman usher of I he cx- 
ehequuri lie had a rvhiiieiice in New I'alace 
Ytfrd, afad no duties. The offira was soon 
aboliifhed ax a vineeiirr, but fiodwin wan 
allowed to retain il. during bin life. Ilia ca- 
rew as a writer ceafied with the ' Livea of the 
N(>crotnan.ci:r!>,' but he nA.erwnnlM liniidied 
same easaVB.])!) bushed in 187.1 Hegradually 
failfMl, and died 7 .\pril \M^^. He wos buried 
in Old St. Pancm.^ ehurchyard. The church- 
rard wasdeetroyed bya railway,and in 1851 
ni« remains and those of his first wife wore 
removed to Boumementh, where they are 
buned in the t^me p'live an llieir daughter, 
Mti«. Hhi'llev. Hill sr'coiid wife died 17 June 
1841 ((imi. Mat,. 1841, pt. ii. p. 216). 

The be.«t account of Tiodwin a npparancc 
in in Talfuiird's ' Mnal Memorials 01 (Ibarles 
l.nmb'(lMHii, HWA-*, lftr>5, ii. 847 fir>),and 
there is a good accotmt of his pbiliwo^ical 
reputation in IlaslinV 'Spirit of (h« Age' 
(pp. 1-JS8). fJodwinV philosophy wns lidcen 
senoosly by his friendi< lili the uud of hi(> life, 
and producird some effect at the lime hs an 
<'X])OMtiou of the revulutiotiory cruud. Ilia 
first novels are curious examples of impnw* 
si vv fiction eooslrucU'd rather frum logic than 
iMHftic iniafpniitiou ; and in bis Inter years hii 
aid some gutKl work an an oniiniiaiy. Affect- 
ing ihii virtiieif of cslmni^i^ mid impartiality, 
he was yet irritable uiuh-r criliriHin, and his 
friendships were interrupted by a series of 
quiirrcls. lli» )ielf-r¥--»i)i'ctr wns de.'troyed in 
later life iindertbe pressure ofdvbl ami an uii- 
foiiuiiale marriage : butilhaujfh his character 
wanlixl in strength and elevation, and inca- 
pable of the lofl ier pim^iouy, be *eem« to hav« 
be«D mildly afTeetionnte, nnd, in many csAes, 
s jiidiciouti friend t» more impulsive peuplu. 

His purtrait, by Nortlirote, fi-inm-rly in the 
poaeefision of the lute Sir Percy Sbelley-, is 
printed by Hiuli It. .\ui-ugnivingisi)Tenx«d 
to Mr. Paul's ' Life.' 

His works are : 1. ' Life of Obalham,* 1763 
(anon.) 2. ' Sketches of History, in 8ix 8or> 
mone,' 17b). 3. 'Enquiry concerning Poll- 
tical Juslice and its Influence on Morals and 

r2 



Godwin 



68 



Godwin-Austeii 



HapfMnaas,'!?^, I7IKt, I70S. 4. 'ThinniAfl 
iltty trei or ttiu Adreiiiuivs of Csleb Wil> 
luinu,' MQt (oftvn n<iii]l>lii>h(>il). A. 'Ciir* 
wrj' i^LrictureAnii the Cliur)^ off 'liief-.Tii8tioe 
Evrc,' 179-1. tV 'Tlie Knijoirer . , , iifleri«M 
oiEsMAya,' 1797 (newiiditimi. 18'23). 7. 'Me- 
DKjire of tbv Author of h Vtndic«lion of tbe 
Uiitlii* of \V<iiii..-n,' 1798. «. 'St. I^mn. & 
'J'nlu of (Ll. 1«iIi Century,' I79H, 9. 'An- 
tonio, It Trn+jeilj: in five a«te in Ttmc,' 1800. 
10. ' Tliciigliis •)c(»«i(>iit.>d l)v • . • Ve. I*»rr'» 
Stiital Strmou,* I SOI. U. ' Life of GtMiffrey 
Ciiaucer . . . wilK Sk»tclu»< of thi< M&nnora 
. . .of Kiiglwid,' :J Tol*. 4u>, ISttT; t vuU. 
8vo, 1801 ; a Qonnati imnslatinn, l&lL*. 
12. * Kiiu!k):i)«r, ii Tnigwtj- in pros",' 1807. 
13. ' Easny no Scpulrlirps,' 1 fiOfl. ] ^. ■ Uvea 
of Bdwari Kiid Jolin Pliilipe, Nephews iind 
PupiU of Afillun' (willi ii)>j)"n>itc<wit, 1F41G. 
15. 'MandoriUc, u Tule of tlie 17tli Cwi- 
tiiry,' 1R17. Hi. "Of Piipiilntion ... in an- 
swer to Mr. .Malrlui.s' li*iO. 17. 'History 
of the Comiuonw*iillh i"»f England . . . totlio 
R<'*tor«limi of Cljnrli'-- It.'! voU 8vo, lf*24-8. 
IH. 'CIt>ude«lev,BT»l.-,'l8.'J0. IB.'Tiioiiffhti' 
OH Man : tii« NaMin>, Production*, and 1>isc(h 
v«riiM!.'IH3t. -.'0.'IMuraiiiu,'ldSS. 21.'LiT«i 
of the NecromaiioBMi,* 1834. 22. ' KutKys' 
twvar bc>fi>ro Dublixht'd, IS'S. Oo'dvrin puli- 
ItNlmd •'iinii I'liiMrniiV bmtkn, ' Fnlilim ' flf^O'i 
iinfl eli^vt^n lati^r i-ditionsl.a' Puntlionn,' and 
hiitorieeoftiropf*,!! jnw.andEiijilsnd, luiduT 
t he iiJtiMidnnyRi ICdwnrd Unldn-in. ' Th*- Ijook- 
ias-glus, ■ true History of Oit- Karly Vi;urH 
or *n Aftinl . . . bv Theopliilu* Mardifie' 
(I81W), i^ftlun ftirrib'iitcd T-.i liim by Mr. F.tJ. 
WeptiHriit, wlin odil»d o fnotiinilt- edition in 
188.>. Mr. Stephens sliows tlint it was pr^ 
bnblrnn Moount nfihi; 11 fv of Witliaui Mul- 
nwdy (178e-18«3) [q. v.] 

JO, Ktfpia Paul'* WiHiain Qoilwin. hia Friend* 
■nd (>)nl*m|)oriiriw. 2 vain. 9i"0, 1870 ; Dowdon's 
Lifo af KlielloT: Tiiirnnnl's Fital MfitnorinlH of 
Oh'irluH biiub; llajilitt's 8|jiri|. of ihe Aicn; 
Oml. Mjir 18SD, i. fi«ffi-70 ; K. CmVU H'^l.ia- 
Bon'a Diary, IKd'J ; Sfrv. .rulian MHnhall'H Mnry 
WollitoncTan Sl»..lln» 18(10.] L. 3 

OODWIN-AUSTEN, UUHKKT AU 
FRED CLOV.VI-: 1ISO8-IB8I), ireolojrist, 
eldukt aon of Sir ll'tirv Kdmiitid .\ii)iti>rL of 
Bhalfonl H'>U)!il-, Clnildfiird, Sum'v, whodiin) 
1 Ditc. lB71,by Anni- Amelia, onlv dnu^litcr 
of Uob(^rt Mpt^riniin Hat.- of il... IT.K T, Po.'a 
■orviw. WM btjrn at Slialford Hoa-w on 
17 March 1808, and M'nl tn a M:hool at Mid- 
liurst in Sii^ex, whence he vnn romnvvd to a 
K^mi-tnilitary r<d)p^« in France, lie inatri- 
ciilatud from OHM CoUftjre, Oxford, 8 Junp 
1R2B ; in 1^*50 crudiial-.-l B. A. and ww «lwtwi 
fellow of ( trM. At f)sfonl ht was.tika Ly«ll, 
ti pupil of Buckluid, and GromUimimlHlM.'d b 



pBSBion for ceolorioil Rtudr. b 18fl0 be 1 

cimo a Ktudv-nt oT Uneoln s Tnn. 

At thiytimir bifiut^t LtvII, In^onanl IFnnur, 
and MurcbiHon, and, intmdncnd by time 
thTiM> frit<ndti, vru odmitl*^ a fnllow of tha 
Geologic*! Society 19 March IftiO. On 
23 Jaly latS be nuirn.-d Maria Elioabelh, 
only cKild, and ofCermrtia h«iroM, of r~ ' 
ireneni Sir lienrr Tbomaa Godwin, 
On tho death of tliia ^mtlenftn, in 
ISni, Au«t«a, byrorol UouMci, took thaoddi-^ 
tioiialaiiniatneof Hodwin, In tl^ year after 
bi,H mnrria^! he wvni to ruudu St O^wdl 
llouw, iifar Nnwion AbtKri, Devonafaifw, 
wbfre he madL> a eludy of the foaailUerous 
ni-vonianliiii>.-4lunivi,lli*rMtlli«niiifcre4aceaw 
ntrnta, and the tfiniarr depoait« of Bovvy 
Tracey. De la Becbe enlnuted to him the 
conjitnu'l ion of pnrtiunit of tha Devonabim 
map, and l*hiUipi> found in tbe cnllijctioB tt 
OffM-i^ll House mnnyof theapecimenaflfuvd 
in lii» 'Polreoioic Fowil«.' B«tw«on I8JI 
and IHIO .\ueten read hcfon" the Geological 
Society a number of paprre d^^alinf^ with the 
district iQ which bo rusidod. Uetumiuf to^H 
his oaTire county in 1838, att^r a brief rcJUi^| 
donOL* at Shalfonl IIoukc, ho went to lire at' 
QotNltrn IloniU', and Huli.'HH|UHntlr al Mnrruw 
House, both (lituQt^ noar Guildford. At kn 
latiT daU', 184(1, he njmovfd to Cbilwo 
Manor in the *ann^ eonnty, Between IS 
and lt^7tJ ha wa» frequeutlv a member oft, 
council of the Geolocicsl Societ;, in IStS- 
and hgtiiu in 1803-4 be was fleenlan, u 
between IWn and 1867 he acted ob foma 
•ccretory of the society. On 7 June I849I 
was olijcu-d a. fellow yf ih« Itoyol Socit'tyJ 
He nest commt^nced a aeries of i««earclio«< 
ihc f^olop-of th{)»outb-fiaat of England, 1 
re«ultM of whidi vn-jvi laid before the fJi 
Ia;;ical Hncioty, 184S-53, and did much to 1 
tend the knowledge of the woalden, thv 1 
mian, and I he crtitaceoua sntema. T>aril 
this decade he spent much time in ya 
and niad« oh»crvtitii>n» on the Tall'^J of 
Knglish Channel and the drifts of it4 sfaor 
nn the i^enloi;^- of tlie Ohannel lolonda, < 
Duurbonnais and other iHvrt.^ of Fnweo. Oa 
tbe death nfhix frietid Edward Trirbee fq- *-]' 
on 18 Nov. 1S>'>4, Gudwin-Aualcn, acting u 
hiH liler»rr executor, completed Mit twoun- 
finisbfil work.1. '^TieTertiary-FUivify-Mariiie 
fonniitii)n of the lele of Wi^'ht.' 1850, and 
' (lullinfH of Ibo Natural i!i«l(iry of Ruropi^ 
tbe Natural History of the Knropeoa Sew, 
IS-W. Hr» al an completed Forbea'a ' fiwaT 00 
the DiHlribntion <if Sfarine FormHof Ltfo. Tn 
1840 be read a paper ou the zooloifical po*i- 
tion oTthe extinct fonns of cephalopoda, and 
also tbrvw out the 8Ugg««tion th;iL the old 
red aandstonfl and tbe poiViUtic atrata are ot^ 



rata are of^M 



Ueustnn« oritfin. I[i« t»iAy»oa Iheoccur^ 
Rticu of blocu of i^ranittf and coal embedded 
in (lie midst of ttie chalk exhibit tbp same 
pirvailiBff teodenqr of bis speculations. B; 
hi* ranoua simj in 1S64 ' On tli« l*oMibl« 
Extcofitoo of th(! Coal-meftfiurea bene&th the 
Soutli-Kiuitoru [MrX uf Eii^jluud,' il wa« niaut- 
CaM Ui«l. gifolagy -was naw entitled to take 
Ua plftce in tbti rmnily uf scivdl'uh. Iu ibu 
IbllQwinfryimredRi^p bi'inn^nt K>;utis!iTriwa 
demnnstrat^'d tbe ncctimr}' of hifi reaaoningfl 
Kod L-«tablishc<d thu truth of his cotic1u«ioD«. 
Daring hti 1«l«r vf^nn, Alrhough in ill-health, 
liii devotion to ecteuce was unabated. Al- 
inotl erary ieaaon he accompanied geological 
friends on aomu oontiiienta] tour, and several 
of tbew excuraions gare riw to tbougblful 
«aaftj& In 1862 Its roceivod from thL> Qi-o- 
iogionl Society thv Wollaetou medal. Ua 
«otBBleted tbe revuion of the MUth-««slern 
porbon of the ' Graonough Geological Map 
of Bnlandnnd Wul>*ji' furthtiittscondeditinii, 
whidi was pabliabed in 1865. In 1868 at 
Norwich he filled t)ie chair Kt iht- geolog^ca] 
wction of iJic Biilitth AgAooiattnn, oeaJing in 
• cbaraetcTistic addreu with the geolo^cal 
Uatmy of the baain of thi- North 8ea. At 
tlut firtghtuti meeting in 1872 he occupied a 
HOiilnr p<Mit ion, und oUcoimed upon Ine his- 
(orr and rvUtiuoK of tht.' n-Mldi-ii d«-po»itH. 
lo IH7-, afl*^r Ihe dnHth ■■!' hm faihcr, he 
went to reside at Sh^lford Ilnuw. In spite 
vf his infirmity he t'>o1: purt in the pnipara- 
of the report nf the coal oommis>j>inn, 
tn the moremenl which reaulicd in tlie 
«xp«rinu>nta! mil^weBlden boring at Battle. 
An estotuire colWlion of pakNaoic fo8«iU 
which b« had made in Cornwall he prweitlcd 
to thf Je-nnvD Stnwt muaeum, London. lie 
sras the wrlivr of v>ir>' numerous i>«|)er8 in 
the Klentitie journal*. A list of uuwardaof 
forty of ihcm will bu found in tbc 'duidogical 
Magoxiue* for January 1885, pp. 1-10, with 
a btompliical notice written liv Ilomra B. 
IVoodward. Oodwin-Au«ten d^*il ■! Hhnl- 
ford Uoiue on '21* Nor. IfiRi- His elde«t 
•on, Ijeut.-col. Henry UnverBhaiQ Godvin- 
.\u<ti.-n. K.I^S,, it wi^ll known by his writings 
«n the geology and noology of uuUa. 

IFroeeMliiLK* K«y<il Sue. of Loadon (1S8£), 
xatviii. ip. ii-xiii , (Imn. Joani. (i««l. 8oe. of 
I/>Dduu (ISSJ). all. 3'~0; Cat. uf Seieniiflc 
ttpan (IBei). i. 122-3.] O. C. H. 

00ET2. JOHN aVNlEL <15B3-1072> 

diviiif. [fie« (iBisnnLj 

OOFFE. [3m alM Gocon.] 

OOFFEorOOUaH.JOHNM).I).(I<H0F- 
16&I ), diviox, tra* the win of Stephen UoSv 
or Oougb, reet^ir of Stannier in Sussex, *a 
mrrtn puritan.' In 1034 be uiatriotUated at 



I 
I 

lol 
H wen 

■joTh 

m 



Merton College, Oxford, and in IH^-Swaa 
mude a demy of St. Mary Magdalen Colli-ge, 
whi'ii, WcK)J {Ath'iitf O.ion. eel. Bli»jt, lii, 
5-24) M.y». lie wa« "aged 17 or more,' En 103S 
he obtained the degree of B.A., and in 1029 
wftA tnadt^ II probationary and in KMO a per- 
peiiiul fellow. In 1031 he proew-.-ded M.A., 
nnd taking orders preached in the neighbour^ 
I hood of the uuivt-nMty. Ou lJ<l Aiur-lHSl bu 
I waaat-euBed before Sir L'nl(in< 'r(iokf!,(IppMty- 
Rtewsnl of (he uni«>reitT. nf bft('ing tillwl 
Joaeph noy*r,ttmfml>iT of Slapiljik'n College, 
hutwMaoquitled('\Vimrrox,/.aMrf.p,7?). In 
KUShewns presented lo the living of llack- 
inglfln Ar St. Stephen's, near Canterbury, 
from wluL-h be wui^ ejected in iLo following 
year for refusing to take the corenant, «n3 
was thrown into the county priwn at Can- 
t«rbnr\-. In llJ.'i2, by the influence of his 
brolhvr, William Hough [q. v.], a regicide 
and one of f 'romivcir* lloui".' of Lonlff.he was 
indncted into the li%nng of Norton. nMiirStt- 
liiigbouroe, Kent, which he held till IQRO, 
when be was again l^lly piyfirreil to this, 
and restored to tliu i-icarnge of Hackington, 
and in the naim* yi-ar fjKik llif deuree ofll.U. 
His nnmo appears among The clergy who al- 
tfndixl ronvi.icntion in 1061, and on '20 Ko». 
nf rbi^ year he died, and fix days later waa 
buried in the cbaocelof !^t. Alphege'jtChurch, 
Canterbury. Wood dwn-rilw* liim us ha»ing 
been a ' ztialuus mm of the church of Eng- 
land ; ' be waa certain! v on ahlu echolar and 
athu'jgbtfiil writer. IiU only known works 
are; I.Tliw Latin prvluce to ^imsrin'»'Chr»- 
nicuo) Catbolicum,' HtoLV -2. • Eccleain An* 

flicsuw eI'H^a.ll'.^, in qna perturbatiasimus 
Iffini & licvlt^iif. Status sub Auubaptiatica 
Tyrannide lugetur,' London, 166L 

[Wood's .\tl)Gne Oxon. lyi. lilies, iii. £24 ; 
HoBtcd'a KttDl. dd. 1790. ii. 745. lii, fiOl ; Hora- 
Seld'a L»wm, ii 2ld^ Walker's Sufferings, pt. U. 
p. ii2\ BlDXAm's Reg. Uagd. Coll. li. rxziii. iii. 
163; Watfn llihl. llrit.} A C. B. 

QOFPE or GOtrOH, STKPIIEN, D.D. 

illI0ft-Ui81 ), n)vaIiKi iigeui and catholic 
ivine, honi at Staniii.^, Suwex, in KWft, 
WM aon of J?lephen Uoftl-, the puritanicAl 
miniMt^r of rhnr parish. He re-eeived hi- .Ju. 
cation at Morton Cidhyi-, Oxford, where he 
graduated B.A. in Uvj:i, m,.1 M.A. in 1U27. 
Afterwards he mipAted to St. .\lhan HalL 
He then became enuplaiu to the regiment of 
Colonel Hontcfi Vcre in Ibe I>ow Counlriea. 
Ouhi«rvlurubt.> was,by theintere.at ntlKmry 
Jermyn (afterwardfi Kiirl nf 8t. AHuins), ap- 
pointed one of Charles I's chaplains, by which 
title he waa m«t»-d D.D. iu IQiy*f. SiibMH 
quvutty be was employed by tbe court partv 
as an ngent in France, Flaiulcre, IloUund, 
and other countries. A ktter written iu 



Goffe 



70 



Goffe 



1018 Trrjm thv Ukgue mentionft tlut lie b»ii 
\fiO0l- a Tear for beinr sapcrvuor u> Sir 
William BoewDll. Ooffe vu one of ihoee 
wito ntU'injilpi) to fre*' lh« kiiij; from his con- 
fianment at Hnmptnii Court. He wm muiA 
upon sospicion and committed lo i>n»ombut 
found meaiu to Mcapo. The king when at 
C«ri«brooke Cutle vrnployvd lum to persuade 
the Scnttuli coiiunia«ioD«ra to reoMO from 
Muiir d«mntKl llist be Hliuuld eouKrin Uie 
covcim&t. 

\Vo)»]K»r«tliut wLvnCJoflc i>&wt]if?cliurclt 
<if Ku;(laiiu ruined luid tlin iiHJiiart'livdt^Iiu- 
iiig L«- (;}iiiiif^'d liLH ntli^on for tliat of I^ome, 
and eiit«rM llic i:i>nf^^tion of tht Frunrli 
(>rattM7 in a semiiKiry at Notre-Dtuni* dea 
VertUK, not for from Paris. ClBrvndoa all«ei>« 
that out of the moiir-y wnl from Mo«cow Tor 
Cliarlea II Oofie rE^ccivcd 800/. for aerrioea 
1m bad piTformed, and within a fuw days 
after tJifi n:3i;f.i)it of il rhaogt^d liiH religion 
and bwamc une of l!r«- fatlierc of the Oratorr 
(Ifuf. of the ItrMUw, ih\. lh<4», v. Sftr.). ft 
il staled hj L«Qui>tn (hat he was admiltvd 
into tho coiifn^eut ion of the Oratory on 14 Jan. 
1601-2, and uflorwardti r«ceived at l^rie all 
tJiB orders of the- calhoHc church according to 
V\w Itomun fiorilifieal. On the U-Atiinoiiy "f 
Olia<]iali Walkir, ' an omiuenl imijiHt,' Dr. 
Iliunnhn-'y Pridwiu.v, dt>an of Xorwich, iis- 
itert«a (hat uflvr jotni»K \\w Kowan com- 
munion OofTd »rh'bnir/r<i maaA at Varia by 
rirtuc of Lis haviut; \)*xn onJuiavd priest 
ia th<: church of Eni^lunf), it^nd thu.1 the 
ductore of ttio HDrtmiinn, afl^r fiilly di^i:iis»- 
iilg the matter, declart-l their opinion tliHt 
the Anffliran orrliT> worn good, but the pono 
diiturinin'-d utheru'isf, and ordetvd rlit' Areii- 
hiahcijj of I'uriB to re-ordftin him ( Validift/ uf 
the Ordert (ff tkf Chwrch vf EH'j!and,v^\X. 
1718, p. 7fi). Ifodd, thf eocle«itu»tiral Imk- 
tortati,aud<>thvri.'athi;liv wririT^iStrLtnuuiisly 
doiiyi however, that iht- doct^m r>f the 8iir- 
bonnc ("Yiir madi^ Biiph n declarat i>in (ft ij.|j)w, 
/XW, n/tfif E'yh'xfi ralhfilii-4, il. T^X). 

li()fl<Toi*c ti b*>HutM>rior'of ihi^conimiiniry. 
au olHee which he lifld in I'J'iO. At thai 
time hp providi'd [ih-nlifnily for fourlc^-n j 
Kn^flioh cLcrcymen in the houHe under bi« 
dinvtion, and was n oominun fiither Lo the 
Kngliah uxik'9, buili catholic and protestant, 
duritu: the Common wealth. Ilv (ffivi; fri'i-ly 
from nifl prinite r(*>urcw, and his inl^reRt 
w■(bQuoe■lll•;llrierla.^turtlI, wh<jM' chspliiiti 
lie was, enabled him to asMst innnmnrable 
gmUlfuifO ijidi»tru«£. Itwaaon hin n>com- 
incodntion thflt llenrv, lord Jt-rmyn (aft«r- 
wardH Eiiri of St. .Mbans^^took (.'owlev nnder 
hiH protei^t iiiii. By thf qiiawn-Tn other's orden> 
flniigh was anpomted tnlor to Charh-w Il's 
miliirat H)n, Jonii's Crofts (aft«rwiinls l>ul(e 



of Mo&mgath), and loolt ciMrue of bun till 
he was teoyeanof age,when beoomnutleil. 
him to the oare oTThomaa Rosa, librarian to 
CharlM n. H« died in the hoiuc of the i 
fathers of the Ontorjr io the Ruf^ Saints | 
Honor*, Paria, on Christmas day (O.S. ) lOSl. 

He was, aays Wood, *e«teraied by some a 
learned man and veil read iu i he Fatbf n, J 
and therefore re«p<^t<~d by C4erard John 1 
Voniu« and otlMMis.' Ho was the brother of 
John Goffe, U.l>. [q. v.], and of Colonel Wil- 
liam Qofff '"q. v.], tne nigicide. 

Nine of tii* l^lin epiMtlf^ to Vovniis aro 
printed in 'G. J. Vossii et rlarorum YirCTTim 
ad eiim t^pi^tolv, collr<iorie P. Colomeao,* 
I<ondon, 1690, fol. ; and two others vtr in 
' Pnentsntium ac Eruditoruni Virorum Epi-^ 
atolie Ecclcaiaftticit ct Thi-olofficK,' Amst«r-^ 
datn. 1704, fol. Ilia U«^•^s (l(«:.'-7) to Sir 
William Boswell, [q. v'>, English resident at 
the lljign«^ on the sul^o«t of the reading 
of the ADglican liturgy in the KngUab rep- 
mcntA in the Dutch serrice, are presared 10 
thtt Addit. Mi?. U^$(*4. iknutt parliamiMtfiy 
scribblers puhli.ihed a acRndaloiiA work en- 
titled 'The Lord George Digby's Cabinet ond 
IJr. li<iH''H X<<gotinlioDii ; lo>gt'lh«r M'itb his 
Maii^tiea, the Queen's, and the I^nUfrroin's, 
and other Ix>lt«rs tukvaatth>j Bsttieof SbCT-^ 
l>om, about thelGrh Oct. la»t/ London, 16M|H 
4to. ^ 

[Addit. aj3. 8394. f.I73»; Baker's MS. xur. 
tOC; Clanmdon'B Uiu, of the RobeUion, ISl9, 
ir. 371,373; Clarendon State Papers. 1786. iti. 
4IB; CaI«ailAr of llie Clareodon -State Pspmw 
i. 549. ii. 46V ; Coein's Wo^k^ it. 4ft* ; Dodd'a 1 
Church Hist, iii. 8(M>: Kiiti»un> QoMtioD of* 
Anxhcan Orders diKUwini], p, 142; KvnlynV 31^ 
uimn, i. 12,360, il. 134-7: GanliDor's'nist.of 
Rnghind, tit, 310; Oillow's Bibl. Diet.: Laad'a 
WurkH, ti. S47. o29 ; \^» VsJidity of Anglieu 
Orden. p. 2S3: lA-gvuda Lianca, )QJ3, pp. 144- ^ 

(■>iiii!»,ii.31U; Liiigard'a Hint, of KaKlJ>i>d, 1849. V 
viii. tot; Not«saDdOueriM.2nd^■.■r. ix. 2i6, 4ib 
sor. xii. 4Da. 6Ui Mr ri. 2B6: Wood's AUiDUe' 
Oxon. (Blixs). Vu.l>2i, Wb. IIOS. ir. 131, PasU, 
i. 414, 431. 401, ii. 136.210.] T. C 

OOFFE nr OOUOH, THOMAS (IMJl- 
ISlJi)), divine and poet, son of a clergyman, 
wnN bum in V,wx in iriUI, He went u a 



I 



!ui?en'«i!.cli[>lRrioW*isitnin«ferSi'h(icil,wli«n(» 
Le wus eW-teil at the oge of eighteen to a 
M-holarsbip at Christ Church, Oxford, 3 Xot. 



16011. He pn-WiHied M.A. 17 June 1613; 
M.A. 2U.Iuue miU; and D.D. 3 July IttSS; 
being aUu iiicorporuCcd M.A. at Cainbridro 
in 11117. He iifierwiinl.i i-iitered the church, 
and in 1020 rt.><»!ived the living of Koat 
('landou, Sum-v (-Mixxiso, Suririi, iii. 60). 
Meantime Gc^e had -Koa rpputation u an 



Goffe 



71 



Goffc 



I 
I 



ontor, uid publicly dolivArMl two LktJn om- 
tions of bis own oomposition, one at the 
fonenl of WiUinin Goodwin [q. w}, dean of 
Christ Church, in the iMthctinlin 1620, and 
UiOtker.inthel'biKtlogica) Sch<K>l «t LUford, 
00 the dflftth ID I6±j of 8ir Ucnrv Savilo. 
Both wenpaUtthed (Oxford, KrJOnud ia±i, 
4to). Beeideft theee Gofie publish^ some 
TOnM 00 thedvttb of (juuvn All m' of Dvamiirk 
m 1019. Uewrou> plarn, not piiLlUht-d till 
oftar hia defttb, but hi.> thr«r< principal tngo- 
dies wero Bctca) kfli^r 1HI6, whili- lif wim Ktill 
M the nnirenut}-, by thf^ Rtad^-niftof ObrUt 
(Atuoh. Desiilea bis tra^r^*''* >*'b)cli a-rv 
«b«inllTbomfaftMi«,h6 wrote a Irafp•coIni^dy, 
'The (fareleat 8be»lierdees.* It was acted 
withjgrMt applauM Dpfiira the kitig and qunca 
atSaU»bury,DDtDoi pubUsbeclundertbeabove 
titlH till KtGQ (]-,Q»don, 4to). At the «nd it 
contaios an alphabetical cataloj^, which is, 
how«vt;r, very inconvct.of 'aLaucb pl^ » 
evrr Wire printed.' AttheeodofhlsltieOoflc, 
who waa ' a quaint preacher and a penon of 
•xcellpnt lanjfiuiS" and expn^iuioii, took to 
aennon n-riting. hul ooly oHt>, L-ntitk'd ' 1H>- 
livwancefrom thpliraTi.'.'wliir-li In- j»r*-ftrhei! 
•t St. MarySpitilf, ly>ndnii,L'H March ltJl*7, 
wetss 10 have been pnblislied (Jyondoo, 1627, 
4to). He WM a wonuiii-hntor and a bachelor, 
until flnally inveigled into nuuryinR n Iitdy at 
Rast Clandon, who pfvtend^ to hnT«- fallen in 
lore with his prcacLinr. Shu wu the widow 
uf bti uftidei'MiKur, nnti Ae and her children 
iMrherarotbu^und bo jper>ecuiod p<xn'<!}oiru 
that he died ahortly after hie luarhotfv, und 
waa lmri«I, 27 July UiSH, in ibe middle of 
the chancel of Ea«t Clsndon Church. Ac- 
cordinff to .\u!nvy, otif nf hi» i txfoiil friojids. 
Thonaa Thimble, had predicted th<.' result of 
hia marriagH, and when bo died tbi^ lant 
word* h(> ulK'red wen>: ' OtbcIc, oncle, Tom 
Thimble! '(AvBiuir, Jlut. i^Sunvy, iii. 2ft9). 
Goffo left TarioiM plav!* in manu.<MTipt. 
Three wew af^erwarda publi^bed, vii. 'Tiio 
KatriiiKTiirlf.ornajawrt the Second,* London, 
1031, 410 ; ' The Coura(pi>us Turk.or Aniuretli 
thaFirat.aTnigMlie,' til live acta and invert', 

i London, ]632,4lo, 'TbuTnipi'dicof Orvt-to*,' 
in lt*a actK and in t<Ti>c, IxMidnn, ItSXI, 4to. 
Id 16Ai)one Hich&rd Meighcn.afrivndoflhu 
deceased p"et, coUectwi the*" playii in ont* 
ToluiP**, uiidiT till: till* of 'lliree excellent 
Tngwiiaa,' ^d edit., London. 105C. 8ru. 
'The Bastard,' anotlipr tragrdy publiiihed 
oa^r GoRe'« name in KUSS, aeetna to have 
bMa by Coimo Manuche. Two other plajTs 
have been wrongly a^criht-H to flnffi;: 'Ciinias 
Whirlimg,' a comedy by K. S, , and ' Tlte Era- 
partir wumus,' a traeedy pnbliahAd in 16t>l, 
whenGoflawiaaehildof two. Unthetitle- 
pag* of one of the cojMe* uf lit" only extant 



BennoD,uith« Bodleian Libmi7,a man uaeript 
note itates that Ooflo became a Roman o»- 
tholic before bia death, but the source quoted 
for this fltatement, the 'Lef^nda Lifirnca'(in 
the Bodleian Ubmry), refers to SteiilienUolTo 
[q. T.] 

(Anitioritiea abova cited; Qent. Haff. xiriii. 
65H, Baker's BioR. Dnm. - Lani>t>aiD<-*a Dn> 
maliek Poeta. p. rJ3 : Brayley's Hist. »f SntTey, 
ii. 61. &C.: Oaf. Uair, Ueg. (Oaf. Uisl. Sue); 
Wttlob'aAtiimniW««linDDaet.i9; Wgod'sAth«nw 
(Blias). ii. 163 : Wood's Fasti, i.] B. T. B. 

OOFPE or OOUGF, WILLUM (d. 
I(r79?),rftnicidu, waslhesonofSti-pbendoflV, 
reclfirof Stanmt^rin Siisapi. Me wMappren- 
ticvd to a London ^Iter nami-d N'aughan, 
and in ltM3 WfW impriwomvl by tbe royaliat 
lord mayor for prouioling a petition in sop- 
port of the parliani<?nt'» claim to the mililia 
{Old I'ariiammtury JH^twy, xi. S-W; Har- 
tfimi HtuwUanti, ed. I'ark, iii. 4i<i; Wood, 
AtAena, «d. Blue, voL iii.) Id 1645 Gofi^'s 
name appe«r« in the li«t of the now model 
aa a captain in Colonel Ilnrley'a regiment 
rPucoci, Armi/ Lt'tt. p. 103). It ts alB<) 
aTtacbed to tlit* rrndinalion of the olBcerH of 
ihf army (27 April t<U7), and he waa one of 
the drjuitatiiin which pn-wiitcd ibe charge 
a^inst the eleven members {6 .Inly lft*7( 
( Rv8K woKTK, vi. -17 1 , 607 ). Goffe was a pro- 
minent tieitre in the prayer moetingof the offi- 
cers Bt W indfor in I MH, when it was decided 
: to bring the king to a trial ( Alibs, A Faith- 
fut Manorial iff that Hemarkattle Strftiit^ at 
H'iutiMr, Somen Tratla. ed. Sc^jlt, vi. GOl). 
He was named in lie following December 
one uf the kind's judgL'», sat fn^^<]uent]y during 
the trial, and aigrieil tbr dnath- warrant, (NiL* 
aox. Tn'al of t'hartf I, p. ti3). Goffe com- 
niHibdod Cromwell's own ntgiment at the 
battle of Dunbar, ' and at the push of pike did 
' mptO the stoiiteat regiment the enemy bad 
there' (CAKt.Tr.R, C'rwiwv//, l/ttti-r cxl.) He 
also commanded a n^giment at ^^'orcGater 
{Vrojinrrlltnna, p. 114^, After the expidsion 
of the Lotig (larliauent he contiuuvd to be a 
staiiiK'hitupparterorCromwell, and in Decem- 
ber 1053 aided Cutonul AVhitc to turn out 
Ihf! nvab;ilranl remiiant uf the Itarebontta 

fiBrliamp_nt (Tiiuttuiu/i. fW7). In July 1684 
le represented Yarmoutb, in the following 
March was active in atU-nipling In anpprefW 
Penruddock'fl riKin^, and waa in December 
ItJTtfi appoinletl majnr-general for Berkshiiv, 
Aussex, and Hampshire (i*. iii- 237, 701, iv. 
117; Opciat JMunt •/ MrmiierB of J'arliti- 
mrnt, i. 501 ). A large amount of hia conv- 
Apondeoce a» major-frenL-ral is printi-d in ike 
fourth and fiflb volumes of the Tburlon 
PajH'n, and proves that while actin> on hr- 
bnlf of tbe goverrimiint, be was leas arbitrary 





tbui maar uf hia onlletfUM. In liie {Mrlia- 
tneot of 1 doti hetMXtor HmiBpilure, lui^Nrtvil 
the proposal to oflisf the crown to Civiinw.>U, 
Mid waa kppointMl one of the Protector'a 
HoiiteorLa(il«(Ti[(TKLOB,vi.Stl-6d8). Sir 
Uilbert Pickiriug deAcribe* « speech nude bv 
GaiSlean th« tbankspTing for Hliiktf'* Tictori? 
»t iitnt» Cruz u ' a long praachnient fcrioiul j 
inTitiiie the houBe to a firm «ad ■ kind <n 
cavpoiuanioD with hut Hi^bncML ^methine 
wu expniMd u tn hanging about k» neclc 
like pnrla bom a t«xt out of Cantictv* ' ( Hob- 
T«ii. iA'«/y. i 3tS). The 'Seoond Ntimiri- 
of thv latr Parliameni,' 1666, deacribM OuBw 
aa beini; ' in »o errat oat4«m and favoar at 
oouri tut he i# judged the only fit man to 
have Bdajur-general Lambert's plaee and com- 
mand, na major4«neral o( ihe armr: and 
havitig M far advanced, la in a fair way 
to the I*rDteet«vahip bt^n^after if lir W not 
■erred as Idmbvrt waa' {Uarttian MimtI- 
Imy, e<l- Pnrh. iii. 483). He to ofleially 
dMcribed in April 1668 as major-general of 
tbe foot, but doea not aeen ever 1o hare b<^- 
come a member of tbuProtuctor's privy coun- 
cil {Cat. Ufat' Paprm, Dom. 1667-8, p. 873). 
Ncvertbelcxis he wba one of the munbera of 
ibe JBiponant committee of Dine pnvinx ki» 
poinlea in June HIjX to ronbider whatabouid 
ue done in tbe next parliameni (Tm u blob, vii. 
\92). Aa being a nemBer of that bod^ uofie 
waa one of the puraona Bommoned by Crom- 
well durin^r Ilia laat illneaa to receire hia de- 
elAration appointing his eon Richard la hia 
Bueoeesur, atUwtcd CnMawRll** appointment 
on oath U-fore tbe eouncil, and subscribed 
the prorlumatiuD declanntf Kieliurd Crvm- 
well proterIar(lt*lil!R,('Ar"i»<W*,ed.PbiirLp(i, 
pp. eftS-l). On Ifl Nov, 11158 the nuw Pro- 
tector granted TiolTe Irijili \*inA% to the value 
of MM)?, a vcar, in fulfilment of hiii father's 
inlentionii <THuitLOK, vii. 604). I.milow 
deecribea Oolfe u a cn>tLture of IticJiord 
Cnnnwell, end be ie eaid to haTe urged the 
Protector to resort to arms to maintain him- 
ealf (Lcouiw, Mevwirt, od. 1751, p. :^11 ; 
Cal. Staff I'aper*. Dora. I(t5&-9, p. 336). 
The fall of tlip Cfjmwt'U dynasty greatly 
diminiRlieH OnHV" ii!i])iinancv. In Novem- 
ber Ift'ifl (laSc. and thret' othur pun^jiiu were 
sent by the eounril of the annv lo Hcullaud 
to give nn tirciiuiit to Mouck of the n^aaonti 
for the late inCerruplion of parliajiK-nl, and 
mediate with liitii for the [imvvntion iif « iii>w 
civil war ( Mfmirluii PoUtwuf, 'J7 Oct. -3 Nov. 
16K>; IUkkk, rAmnii-/<'.p.0tt3). B.-fnn.the 
Itostomlion actually took place (1^ April 
IQtSO) a werranl was ijuiued for tiofTe's arreet, 
probably on auspicion tlinl howac concemea 
in I^inbert'a intended rising. lie succeeded, 
however, io escaping, and waa excepted from 



I 

I 



the .\ct of liiilrtDiiitv. and a prneLintatiMi 
issued oa -JH Sept. IIWO offered a ivward of 
lliUA for his ane«t (KKnrvn, /frt/K^fer, p. 
Ha). In companr with bin fjtther-iD-law, 
Lieulenanr^eneral WIialb^T.ftoffe landed at 
Boston, Moae^ in July itUMJ under the nane 
of StepbenfOD, but making no other altampt 
lo conoeal hiii identity. It waa deponed bya 
curtain John CVowne that tbe govemor, Jona 
F'ndionil, mibran^ iJiera and bede thsm 
welcome to New England, and wished moR 
auch good men would come orer. They 
•Taf ed for a timr ai r'ambridge, * where they 
were held in exceedingly great esteem for 
ibeir pie(y and patl^.' and 'held meeting 
where ibey preached and prayed, and went 
looked upon aa men dropped down frmn 
heaven ' ( C-aL Htite Pavrn, CoL lOBl-A, p. 
hX). In Ketimary following QofTe awl 
Whalley moved to Newhavoo, which ther 
n'«chcd 7 March ItStll. Meanwhile oiders 
had arrived from Kngland for their apple- 
henniou, and Endtcott issued wammta for 
thftir aireat, aitd MiDu]8t49d great z«al (th. pn. 
15, 27). Ne^-alheleas Kine and Kellatra. 
tbe penona who undertook thetaak of catd^ 
iii|; them, found, in spite of large proiuao, 
much diiincUnaiiou lo aMisI them<»&. p.33] h 
ilutrhiiwon I'riiifrt, ii. 't'J. 63, IVinec Sot ^ 
16d&). John Davenport, the minister of 
^*cwluiven, who had sheltered them In hia 
own bouau, wrote praCesttag that they only 
stayed two days in tlw colony, and wrot 
away before they could be anpivhended, • no 
man knowing wlipn or whitV'r ' ( Cnl. fit9tt 
Paffn, t:o!. ltllJI-«, p. r,3), Tlx-y hid \ 
eelveii for a time in a care in the wooda 
Newliaven, at a plncv which they 
Providence Hill, and for about thru yeafl 
li^-ed in sTrict concealment till the heat of the 
pursuit had ahniod. In October 1664 they 
removed lo Iladley iu Massachusetia, uia 
took lip their abode in the houae of the Rev. 
John KuMcll. In IQTfi Iladloy waa attacked 
by Indiatik, aud trulitton dnacribea (]o8e ai 
suddenly apptviring ftnm his hidings-place 
rallvini; the paiiic-itl rickcn M-ltli-r«,nna bvhiafl 
leadersaip eaving them from destnininn. Tbs 1 
tnidiiinn was tin>t printiMl by Hutchinaon in 
hi.1 ' II intory of Ma<uAchiia>-t tA,' 1 7(Vf , and wafi, 
Dccordini; to him, ' handed down in Oovcmor 
I>CY«rvl's family' (Hintory (if Mnnmrhutftlt, 
ed. 17W>. 1.201). ScoM makeiiSlajor Bride- 
north tell the story iu 'Peveril of ihe Peak,' 
and Fcnimorc Cooper makes use of it in'The 
Borderers,' itolfc KevKi^loliavedifd inl679: 
his last letter is dated '2 April in that year, 
lie waa burii>d with WhalK-y, who had pre- 
deceased him, at Had I t-y, and no >"ioni»wa« 
cnMited lo mark their grave, Arconiing to 
Savage Lis TKmatii* werv dia4<oreml ' in our 




,«> VH* ^H 



Goflfe 



73 



Goldicutt 



» 



owtt Aaj ' tumr the fonadKUaas of Mr. Riu- 
•E>ir« bntuit(iM\A«M,Of9toimeatDietiamary 
4tf \rtr Kngland, it. ^68). 8lU«« mtMAlcM tlie 
cr&Tu af [)eput/-gOTenior MatUiewQilbeit ftt 
N4nrluT«ii for Uist of GofTp (iA.) 

(}ofre left behind him in Kngluid hU wife, 
Fnoces, daugfater of Mkjoi^-gvner«I Whallev, 
mm! hi« ilrnw d«iigfai«n— AniM), ELizabetli, 
And t''niuc«4. Ills oorrespondeooe with hif 
wife, conducted f^'n«rmUv iind«r 1^ pwiido- 
DTmA uf Fnuioc« utd ^Valter Goid^milh, 
*lu>w* liim to have Imtfn a man of d^rp and 
B«iitha§i*stic rcligiuiM lw.-Iin^, uid «xpUiiu 
^hi* political aftiiin. Lelten are prUitod in 
IIutrhin!tnii'B* Ilistorr of MiLs«chu«Ml«,' ed. 
l"96,i.-*t^; ' Hiitcttiii»^>n I'apent.'ed. Frtaoa 
Soci«tj,-, \nkVt, ii. IH), 1^; • SlaaMchtusna 
Historical Society Collection*," 3rd i-rr. t. 60 ; 
4ch wr.viii. 122-2^'). 

(Nobk'a UonM of Cromtnll, i. 4X4; Koble's 
Urea of iba Iti^iilM, L Soi; Slilea'* Hist, of 
TlifM of tb« Jadona of King CtwriM I, 179 1 ; 
Pol;«stlMa, lft04.~rol. ii. : Palfra^'a Uisi. uf 
Sew Eo^laDd. ti. 4i(&-^l>6. tA. 1881 ; Md th« 

B OOLDAR, JOHN ( 17l>9 17951, en^^Tpr, 

^Ubii at Oxford tn iri*!*, ia bmt known bv hi" 

^^H^BttTtnn of tb>* pirturr* (winltd \yy Jobn 

^^Bfflet {a. v.], in imitation of IIogulL 

Four of tueMtpubliahod by ftoytiBll in 1782, 

reprt«cnt ■ aerirt rnljfl'-d ' Mi'«i'=-ni I^ovu,' 

aod amims oib«n were 'TIk Ilecruitin^ Ser- 

^ *^*nt.* 'The Female Hruiiers,' 'Tlie Sacri- 

Bfi»>,' 'The CoaniiT Choriaum.* *T1ie Ktf- 

Vftiaal,' ice. DoIcUr'abo eOffraTed some por- 

iTititA. iniludinK those of tW Rev. William 

tjKy.Janit.'B Luriinvtcn, ihtf l>ool<*fIier, i'eier 
fHan-, Kiirgi-on, and olliers, (Joldar resided 
in Charlnttp Htrcet. Blackfrian ItoaJ.and ou 
10 Ait^;. IVrto bp diM Middt^jily of apoplexy 
while walking with Uia dau^hl«r tbrougn 
Hyde I'ark. Id 1771 h>> fxtiibitvH an itn* 
HtiiahEd proof of an ^njfmving afli-r Mor- 
timer at the exhibition of the Int.'orpoT&ted 
Snciiftjr orArtmtii. 

[BadgnTa'a Did. of Anicto ; Dodd's MS. B iot. 
ofKngl. Bwn«an(UHU Mh. Addit MS. »S4fll ). 
Omm- Mag. Uy, fl795). 709] L. C. 

OOLDESBURG. OOLDESBOROUQH. 
or CK>DLD6B0BOUGR JOHN (ir>ti8- ' 
I 1618), legal rcponor.dr-HTi-ndcil fmmo family 

■ liviDgat ( i<>ld*bo rough, \Ve*t Riding of York- j 
«hir», was liom 18 Oct. I'rfX Hi- studied at 
< Osrurd tl&^). UDlfnil ili« Miilille Tvraplv, 
and wnx called to tlte bar by that aocietj*. 
lie enjoypd a good reputation lu a lawyer, I 
and wa« madi* iiitn uf I he prolhonotariifa of 
tha oonmon pleiui. He dieo OOcl. 161 S, and 
waa buried near the high altar in the Tempk' 
^ChuKh. After his death \\ttn were piib- 



liatwd: 1. ' Rmrta of Dinn Cbcace CWea 
in Law takan by thoca lata and noM JncK- 
cioua PrathoMolaTm of tba Coouaon Phas, 
Kicfaard Brownlowaod John Ooldnboroagh, 
Eaqairta, wiib din^tionit how to prooevd is 
laany intricate actioiia,' Ac, IffVI : ■'M edit., 
2 pnrta, lS7r>. 2. ' Iteport* of ihai lyvamed 
and Judiciou<CIcrk.J. Guuldsbarough,Eaq., 
KmMPtimea ooe of tlw Pioionotarie* of tba 
Coott of Common PImw, or his eolWtiaa et 
choice caees and matters ogiuied in all th* 
Cou7T«at Wcatmiiutcrin the latitrr yearaaof 
ih« Keign of (Juera ICUsabvih, with teamed 
oif^racnta at the Bar and ou the Umch.and 

> tbe grave Kemluiione and Judnneots there- 
opoo of the Chief Jiulicea, Andwaon and 

I Fapbam, and the rast of the Judges of iJums 
limaa. Never hefoni publifhed, and bow 

i printed by hia original eopgr . . . hr M. S. 

' (M. A. Sbep^nl>^theInnerT«DpU,£eq„' 
1653 (a copy m the Britiah Muaeam ba» ma- 
nuscript notes by Fraacia Horgrave). Tlw 
prefaci!M lo tfaww works dMcribe Ihe attain- 
ments of (toldoaburg in high tcraw: on tht' 
other hand, North aays(/>iM)OMrae on ^Ae^t/iufy 
<if tkf Ilate^}: *Oodbolt,Gonldabaroiigb, and 
March, mean reporters, but not to be ne- 
glect ed.' 

[ Addit. X& MS33. IT. 69. VT, Wood's AthsuB 
Osoa. ed. Blia. ii. 234 . VrolUce'a The B*. 
porlera Anaiwed and CtaaiMtariitd {BoMob. 
IS62> ; BriL Hoa. Cm,} F. W-t. 

GOLDICUTT, JOHN(l79»-IW2),trohi., 
teet, bom in 17lKt,wa«lhesonof fItighGcddi-T 
cutt (</. lt*->A). On ^.7 Jan. 1803 he entered 
the houkof .Mi-v>ni. HetT)wi,Farqubar, & Co., 
where bifi father wax phie/ cashier and cod- 
Hdmlial rl^rk, hut left on .*$O.IuaL- of the 
following yt^r and was placed -vi-iib J. Ilohe- 
, will the an-!iitect. He hIbo studied at tlw 
Rnyal Academy and displayed some skill in 
drawing, and a ha^y di8{io&il)on for colour. 
ICarly in life ht* )<nned the Aiduleclural 
, Slud(-nt»' Society; where be gained pract ten 
in wakiiiir )-k«lch'« from gi^-en iubject«. Ha 
Dompoted twicp far the Royal Acadirar wlvi-r 
modal, in 1813 sending 'in drawings and 
meaaurements of <h^ fa^adv of tb» India 
House, and in 1814 of the Mansion House. 
The latU-Twaa auct^ejuiful. Jle ihvn wettl to 
Paris and entered the whool of A. LeclW 
Afterward* hu travelled in Italy and Sicily 
for ilirvc or fouryi-an. Whil*- in Rome in 
If^lT-ltf hi- made a careful coloured draw- 
ing ^in Rcttinl meaaunanenla uf the Iran*- 
TCTse section of St. Peter's. For this he rs- 
ceired a large gold medallion fWim the pope. 
TliP drawing now hanffN nn Ihe staircase of 
tbf Royal Itwiituto of British ,\rchit<cta in 
f_>iuduit .Street. On his return to England 



in 1818 Uoldicurt. (ibtAined a eonsidanUile 
priT&te practice, and also oocupied binuwlf 
with miDlic compptitioiw. (n 1830 b« otn 
toiocd third ]>]vniiuin in the coni^tilion for 
thfll'ost Oiticf, ami in lft;9 a premium for Mm 
dettgn for tlio MiddloMX Kiiniitic ArvIiiih. 
Batweun 18L0 und 184^ h<)exhibit»d tLirty- 
fivo arvliil«ctural drnwini^ in tlic Royal 
Acadumy i^xhibitiunf), timotig: tUem beiu)f 
the following cxMuted abroad:— in 181S, 
' View of ll«! Ruina uf tlif Tiimpl© of I'eace, 
Romo'(l'*l7),nftBrw«rd«rnj[Taved;in iHiO, 
' Ruins nf the Ornat Hypiclhnil Temple, 
Solinuotuni, f^icily,' «tcli«l by Piuelli for 
Ooldicutt'ii *AnTi(]iiitififl of Sidly *; tu ISRl. 
'Kuina of the Ancient Tln-altv, Tiiurmiim' 
(181S>,«'tchedhy Pinolli; iind in 1837,' Viow 
of ihi) Templi' of L-oncord, Anci«Hl Ajfri- 
gen(uiii,' elclied by hiniftolf. Of drAigna far 
workaonwhiclihrwjviprnft-asionaUyL'nffagt'd, 
b«HbibiU^:^in 1WU8, -Marino VTlla, fiirS. 
HftUidav, «sq., nt W.wt. Cowra; ia 1830, 
'Tho lii-ll Villa, Windsor." for lh« Hon. 
H. K. Wwitonm, M.P. : in \^V2, 'St, Jamtw'a 
Cliurcb, l'nddin)^ti,' which was unfinished 
at (inldiciitt'a deiath,A]id wa^complctodiindiT 
the direction of 0. Qutch. in tlie rooms of 
Iba RoTal Iiwlitule of Uritiah Architect* 
are :— ' Plan of the Ob«t>rvutory at Cupo del 
Montv,' drown br biin to iUu»trate a ses- 
sional paper in 18-10, and a lithograph by 
htiaof thu lb'g<-nt's DridKc, l-Minburgh. lu 
the print room uf itic Itriti^h MuR(>um is a 
' Veduia del Tompio d'ErcoIe a Cor*,' dmwn 
and et^-hed by hini in 1818. Thrco of his 
drawinnTj) and two plane, by Ooldicutt and 
Makvwill, were engraved in T. L. I>onald- 
sun'f) work on Pompeii in 1827. Ooldiciitt 
wiia onu of tlii! first lioiiorory secreUrie* of 
thft Rflyal lasiituto (I8;t4-fl) ; ho origi- 
nated and litjlpud to oarry uut tbo preaenla- 
Iton i)f a t4tnl.ii»iiniul to Sir John Soane in 
lASri. He WB8 a member of tliu Acadvmy 
of St. Lu]t(t in llonn-vandofihw A<--iidt'my of 
the I'"ino Artfl in Naptcj. lie was surveyor 
for the district of St. Clpmunl l>nn*'« wilh 
St. Mary-I«-Slrnnd, and on<? of the justices 
and comnuwiouero of sowers for Westminsl w 
and Middlettex. IIo mndu vorioua altoratinns 
at Whitu'jt Club llouw, St. James's Strwt. 
lie divd at his housp, !J9 Cl&rf^ StnM>t 
{where his mothiT had ditid before him in 
18l:j>. on ii Uet. 11^1:!. n|i«d AH, and n-as 
buried in Kensat Green cemetery. lie lef^ 
n widow and fivn south 

lie published: I. ' Antiqmliffla of Sicily/ 
with plains i-tchod by Pinvlli of Kouil-, 1419. 
2. ' Spfcinieiiit of .\m-ii'iit ilccoralioiis from 
Pomwii.' ISlT). S. ' Ileriol's HoBtiitttl, Kdiu- 
Ijurgli,' thi! (fmiitiT tinmbfr nf ttm JUuiitrii- 
tiona lilliogTttphed by hinifMilf, lfi2«. 4. 'An- 



cienn Wells and IteserroirH, with Ofasem- 
tions upon thoir Decorative Oharact«T,' in 
'InjilituUi ftrswional Papw,' \>VH\ (j. 'Tke 
ComiM^titinn for the Erprtion of the Netaoa 
Afonum^int critically exammed,' 1641. II* 
Tviad ecroral comoiunicaliona »t mectiDgs vt 
the institutt*, and in il.s library ar« preserved 
tnanuscripts of: (1) 'Addrusa reaid at the 
Osnepol Meetinc, 3 Feb..' 1835 ; (2>*Ti*ti. 
monial to Sir John Sonne,' 1835; (S)Extnec 
from a papor * On th« Art of Fresco-Punt- 
ing,' 11 June IBSa 

[Redgrave's Diet. of Artists; Civil Enginttf, 
1842, pp. 37S^ ; DicL or Arcbitactura; Gran»'a 
Diet, of Artists; Nsglei's K&iutler-LexikoD 
Qcnt. Mag. 1813 ^. 28S. 183A p. 76; T. L; 
Itonaldson's Pampcni, 1837, i. 2, 48, plats 84, ii 
t2,JA; Bo<nd AnidMoy Kxhibitioa C«ialci)E»wi 
Cat. uf tho Drairliiits, &c.. id the Royal Instinil* 
of Hritiiili Arrhit«rts : Univ. Cat of Uoofcs «» 
Art ; Cat. of LiVtsry of Boyal Institau of Brit. 
Arthitecta; information from Meaan. Borriafc 
Farquhnr, &Cal a P. 

GOLDIE or GOUDIE, JOHN ^1717- 

lt*W), eKsayigt. wiu btjru lu 1717 at CrmigBiiU, 
in thf parisli of Clalston, Avr.on the nremiaea 
wli(M« Ilia furefalhers had been miller« for 
nenrlv four hniidri'it yrnn>. ll>* had litllf or 
til) iHrlionling, but after hi.4 mother liad taogfat 
him ii> rued h«»(wnleamtwrittn(f,Bnd wly 
displayed tniich Caste for meclinnicB. Befort 
he was fifteeo ho constructed a mlniatun; 
mill, which would j^ind a boll of peaa in the 
day. Then hu Iw^n bualaeKS aa a eahiaec 
maker at KilmaniCK-k, and made a beaatifoUy 
engraved clock coae of mahc^^jy, which voa 
piircba.u^d by thu Duke of Uamiltoa, and wu 
placed in Ilnmilton Pn.lace. He soon made 
vuou^h money lu buy a htrgu wine and apirit 



I 



m^^ 



shop ill (lir wimu Inwn, whairo hv rarnMl 
s thriving tradi*. lleeag«rly studied Eui 
an<3 lulmnomy at the same timv, and leam 
to calenlati- mcntallv in a Rurpriaingl;' short 
time the most difiicult arithmetical problems. 
tiolrlie had been broiiffht upin ihefttrictwt 
CUviuistic principlt^s. but hin vivwa grew 
moderatv aud he became almost a deiat. Ua 
took pan in \hi> thLtdogical dimiite bcitwMn 
the adherenta of 'thtt nnw and aiild licbt.' 
BuniH wrote an ' epistle ' to him whidi_ 
bt^^a— 

O Ovudio, terror of the WTiigs, 

llFfiAd of Mock oonts anil rcvereod wiga, 

and tt?lU thai eolhuMafim and ortfaodoxjr 
now at their Inst gasp, adding — 

'Tis yoa and Taylor aro ihn (^hi•f, 
Vrlm are to bUtiio fur this miiichisf. 

While condemn«l by the orthodox. OoU 
mndi< many friends in conseqoenoe of bis at 
ling honnsf.y and good sodm. lie was on to-' 




tiaue t«rm» witb edosl of ilie ckrgy of tlie 
diMrict, luitl would oft*n argue with ttirm. 
Wbm Ilurus wiA ftboitt to tmij^utc to llie 
WoBl Ijiilitie, OolJie, to whom he wd i>om« 
povcBx in mmnuMript, encouraged him to stay, 
KAd introduced liiiu to ccreml friiiidit, who, 
wit h tioldip, b«-Jiin"' surtfl i«t toWibon for tho 
frriDtinfof liiimii'fifint voIuiiie(17tMl). Bums 
VM noir •Imost. B diiily vint^ir at (loldie'a 
bowK, when> h« ooTKcUd tlie pnx^-ahwte 
■ad VToCe many Iett«n. After tiiis Ooldi* 
onged lai]^7 in«t&l«pMiiliitionit,h^ which 
k^flaC buavil^, and waa chested by his psti- 
■«r. U« patnoiicallTttut on fool a»chfni4*fnr 
eomiectin^Eiliiuunock witbTroou byacanul, 
aad evoD made a uurvey of the liiit> : but thr 
ncpenae prored iasuperabla. Late in life he 
VMslwtnctpd ID mniinf r, and kiiowu as ' tht 
pluloaophf:^' In 1^00 be caaghi cold by 
daeping in a danp bed at 01a«guw,and died 
three *-««k« aOvrw anlii iit the agi- of ainety- 
two, upholding hU own opinioaB and n-laiii- 
ing hit facultiw to thi' Uut. Hi; It^ft many 
■taooaeripia and letters (rvm Bums, Lord 
XanwA. and other celebrated laen ; bat they 
were unfortunately defttroreddiuinrhia son a 
•Tiitwn*'* at Dca. Sillar ana Tumbullfollowed 
the oxample of Hums in writing pofrnis on 
Golaie was a tmai\ but well-made man. 
portrait, with a ululre behind hint, was 
,ted hy \^'}iitehcail. It ja said Ui have 

I kit adroirable likeneao, and mar be wen 

•unved in the ' Coalemporariea of Buma.' 
(Mldie became famous by his ' Essay on 
Varioiu Important Suhjecti*, MonI and I>i- 
lina. Being an otte-mpt to diKlinguijih IVue 
from Fals4- R^'ligion,' 177^. This was an- 
~ inoed aa being inthn-cTo]ume«i,but appa- 
lly iitHi only wu publiKbed. The atTleof 
Qoldii-'x works is prolix and laboured, but 
ejiday achievtMl great iHipulanty aa a r«- 
liim friim lite AternCalviniau then reigning 
Scoi'ch pulpits. It waa known as ' Ooudie B 
hie,' and ■■ now ciln-mMy wanv. Hit 
ticisin i* di'slructive and tends to pure The- 
h/e dt'nounres priestcraft, and is not al- 
Iteofromprofauitr. On the appearance 
ncxind cjilion in 1 7!<S Duma wrote hiai 
eonKralulalory epistle. IIi> niyxt wrote ' The 
Otmj^l reeoveTMl fr^)m i(>iruptiv>- State and 
rwUvwil to ita Original J'urity,' (t \aU., Lon- 
don, 17H4, TI»B*e eMATs treat of prophecy, 
the rwurr^vt ion. dialogues beiwi.i.'U u ji-suit 
^nd • KfOtile ('liriil ian on the ^rospel, and tbe 
^be. Ilifl last work was ' A Treatise upon 
^k Evidenccn of a D>rit%- ' (IS09). For the 
Ifeat forty yean of hia life be de^'oled himself 
to aiilruDOiDy, and pr«par<>d a work which '■ 
wa> nlmoal ruidy for the preM at h'u death, I 
in which he if -aid to have corroeted prerail- , 
iag cniMippr^uitaioas. 



[Uoldie'a Works; Oent. Hag. tol. lazix. pt. i. 
1809: Notw and Qneriso, 3rd ttr. iii. SM, 3S» ; 
Pateraoo'B CktatMnpontriea of Bam, ISM, Ap- 
paDdiz,p.3; A.U'Kay'aHistoryof Kilnareock, 
3rd «L I8«l. pp. I«l, ISA-8,) H. O. W. 

dOLDIKQ, ARTHtIR (liS3«I'-10Mf), 
translator, bom probablv in London about 




dau^ht 

)terstou of Ilorlon, Surrey. Ilia father waa 
one of the auditors of tbeexcheouer, and died 
'2S Xov. 16-17. Margaret, Iiis )ialf-(<istcr. mar- 
ried John dc Vere, sixteenth carl of Osfonl. 
(folding ifl nid to have been educated at 
ijueens College, Cambridtfe, but his name 
it not to be found in the ooDe^ register. lie 
took no degm-, and on his title-pages de- 
scribes himself as 'gentleman.' [q fr>49 b« 
was in thu ecrvice of Protector Someraet, 
who wrote, Tf Oct., riNjiimting him to solicit 
the aid of the Earl of Oxford's aerrants in 
reprHsuiing rebellion (NlCHOLB, JStfirarrf VI, 
ii. :f36). In 1&63 h« waa receiver for his 
nephew, Edward de Vere, seventeenth carl of 
Oxfordf wilJi whom he seams lo have resJdnd 
for a tune in Sir William Cocil's bouae in 
the Strand. On 12 Oct. 1R<I6 he dedicated 
Ilia traiulation of Ceur's * ConmenlaheA * 
to Oecil from Ilelcliamp 8t. Paul, and com- 
pleted at the same place his tnuislution of 
Bexa's 'Tmgedie of Abraham's Sacrifice ' in 
IA7i'>. He Apciit aome time in I&BT at IVr- 
wick, and there finiabod hia chief work, hia 
tntuslatioa of Ovid's * Metamorphoses,' on 
30 .April 1507. In a Ut*r year (ir.7fi) he 
was bring at Clare, Suffolk, lie dates thu 
dedication to Sir ChrisiophiT Kalton of his 
tmnelatiou of Seneoa's ' lie BBne6<-iis ' (• the 
work of . , . Seneca conceminjcBenefyting') 
from bis bouse in the parish of AU-IIatlow»> 
on-the-Wall. London (17 March 1S77-8). 
In Tjondon be moi'ed in good aoeiety, al- 
tlioHgh be showed strong puritan predilec- 
tion it. and oc<MipiMl himself tntKcly with t ratts- 
lalions from Calvin and Tlioodore Rt'za. IIis 
patrons included, beitidKN Cwil, Hnltou, and 
Leicesur, the Earl of Easex, Sir Wilbain 
Mildmay, Lord Cobban, and the Earl of 
Huntingdon. ^Vben dedimtin^a tranaUlion 
from the French toCobham in"lfi9o (Xo. 21 
below), he noknowledKBs the help be raceived 
frr^im him in his troublM. He wu a member, 
like the t-hief lilemry men of the ag«, of the 
EUzabetlian .Sieiety of Antiouariist, founded 
by Archbishop Parker in 1-572 (SottM ami 
Qiieri««,l8t»er.i.3a6). HirPbilipSidneywaii 
one of his fHe nds, and when Sidney l«n for 
the Low Countries on his fatal expedition, 
be entrusted Golding with the fragn^nt of 
bia Iranalation of ])« Moauiy*s Frendi t»a- 




Golding 



7< 



Golding 



ttM on tlta iTUtli uf Cbristitniiy, and badtt 
him cotnplq|« tini) uuhlUli it with n diMlica- 
tjoii to L.-ic(-*i*?r. This Gnldlng did in 1687 
&ftvr Sidney '» dealL, •■nlillin^t iLe book ' A 
w(mrl(pii.-»itn»'ni*mgtlii^Irewin'**i>oft!w(Jhri»- 
tian lEeliginn bo^unnc to hs trnriHlated . . . 
by Sir Phili]! Sioin>y, ktii|;lit, und *t, liiit n- 
utui«l liniiih&d bv Arthur (inldiDei' London, 
15B9. Otb«r ed^ilinuB are dated iHitH, lUCU 
(reTiacdandcorrvctt'd byTlionwi* WiloocVs). 
and 1017 (with fiirtb«r corrections) (ef. I'oi 
IloURKE, .Vi> I'hilip ."Vidttfy, pp. 407-11). 
(folding also knew Dr. l)m, wuo twai* to 
hnvr nrruMired h) cun liiin of ti^tuln ou 
30 Sept. I sm (Diary, Camd. Soc p. 90). On 
S6 Jiiljr ItJOO nti urdur wajt iwtuod to tli« 
AffbbiAliop of Canterbury and rhe atlomey- 
Ifenerml tu draw up a t(r4inl p^'"'^ <-io!diiiK 
the sola risbt of printing iwc^i of hiti works 
as tliey held to he hent>6vlai to tliu church 
ftitd commonwenllh. Uolding mmrieH tbo 
widow of (icorce Kor«lor. Nfu^bt;, wriiinff in 
Ifi89,spe«ki of nim Bs'sged Arthur (tolding,' 
and of his ' industrioua toylo in Kn^jliKhing 
OiridV''MiM4Unorpbo*i9,"l>e»ide» many other 
eitquiAite editions of diviuilic turned by him 
out of the Freimb tong'tiu iuio uur owiie ' 
(prefiuiNt lo Orrknk'n Mmapbtm, Lo89). The 
dikte of bis Af^xh, is not known, 

Uoldiug camf tnlu much Unilfd proiwrty. 
On n Dec. l.'^76 the dpiith ai bin brother 
Ueury made bim lord of the manor of Eae- 
thorp', EiMex, bc^idi^ pvinK bim olber pro 
perty, all of which b« alienated (by license) 
20 Nov. 1577. Oh 7 March 167lt-*iO another 
brother, ficmrj;©, with Lia wife, Mary, ^nrt 
<.io!dIug ibe v«>t)i1u of Nclberhall, (jv^tiiiK- 
I linrpc, I'>at>x, aud thifibcsold in \btSit, C!cor|i;;c 
• toIuIuK' died l.'O Nov. 1584, and hie brothi^ 
tht-n !«niun'il olJirtT lanilit in K«sc?(, but he 
6'ild nearly all hie property in 159i>. 

Willi thf eixci.'pt Hin uf winn- Kngliab V«niea 
prefixed to Ilarct's 'Alvi'arie,' 1S80, Gold- 
ina'H otile ariRiual publiculion um a prvMi 
'Ducnurse uiKtn the Karlhmuikf thn.t bapned 
througbe thia realiue of hnglutd and utiii>r 
pkcMofCbriati-iidom,lhi-fir»t of April lft«) 
. , . ,' I.«iidon (by Ileury lliunemui ). Ilero 
OnldinK wehs to show that the (Earthquake 
wa8u judgmoutuf (iodlopunicb the wicked- 
neaaurihe age. Kedtrnouticea with puritan 
vumtb the dMccration of tbo Sabbatb by 
the public jNjrruruiaiico of i^tage plays on 
Sunday*. Shakespenre refers to the aanie 
(5snlli|ual((^ in 'Uomou and Julkil,' 1. 3. It 
iaaa Lhi- 1 rannLiitor of Ovid'* ' MittatnorphowA' 
that Goldinfi deitervtv Co be best known. He 
piiMisbed ' ibe fj-rst fowpr bimkcji,' with » 
dedication tfl l^elcoBt^r (London, by Wvl- 
lyam Scree), in 15'jfi: and the r^-cvption this, 
work mrt with wim «» favnimbV tlml in 




1507 Iw UBOod ' ihn XT. booluw ' (Londoa, br 

Wvllyam S«fie«). Lat«r Aditioiui an dataa 
16t5,l&76, l/-.a4,lfid7.1J^iaOS,l613,aiia 
ltI75. The d(.<dicaLion, In rerse, descrihn it 
auctwuiim llm NiibJ4>ct of «ac)i of th« fifiaea 
hooka (reprinted in Brvdgce'a ' ReaUtDta,' iL 
;j76-4U). TbetranslationisinballaduMtni, 
cncrb line hnvinff usually fourteen RylUUeL It 
LB full of lif» throughout, and at tiioeanacbat 
a hi^b poptic loTcI. Aft^rr bis fine 
was iwiuid in I5f>S, Tbomaa FMod ] 
the fable of ' Salmads and Ilenuai 
likowiiNifirom the 'Hatamanhosee. IntJwi 
fact! Peetid saya that lie had tnuulat«d i 
the whole work, but alnodoncd his d«agB 
b«ciiuiiir anolbvr, nH-«ninj; (loldiiij;, waa «>• 
gared Upon it. ' T. U.,' in lines prefixed til 
John St iidlvy's translation of Seneca's ' A);*- 
mt-mnon,' lofifi, Rpnaka of lh>- renown of 
(loldin^, 'which Ovid did tran.'^lati',' and nf 
' the tbondrynfc of bis v«rs6.' I'uttvnham, 
in HU 'Art^^ of Poon«.' associate* Ooldisii 
more than once with fb&er, the celebrated 
tmnslator of Vinfil. whose work is far inferior 
to Uolding's in lil«rury nvrit. Wvbbe and 
Meres alao enumemie Qoldinfr's ' Metamot- 
pbnuvB ' amon^ thi* best Lranelatioiia of Uwir 
Aga. Tnlii SundvHV 'Ovid' MppegirMl in 1639, 
(io)dtn|;'fi veraon held the Reld unchaUeBjcd, 
It i)i<]tiitK eHTtain that Shakeopcaiv wna it**!! 
HCfiiiainted nith his work. Ooldine^s cran»- 
lation of Oieaar'e ' C-onimentsries,* uedieaUd 
in 1565 to Cecil, is alto an interesting mi* 
ture. Another edition appeared in ICOOi 
(iolding waa the second translator of Cwaar, 
the first baring be«n Tiptoft, earl of W<ir>- 
weler. 

The bibliography cf(}oldlaff*a other ti 
liiliutis pivsi.'Dte many diDlcultiea 
reli^ons books benrin^ bio inilinlH hai-wbMl" 
aa«gni»d to bim, but are und»ul)tt«ily by An- 
thony (Jilhyfq. v.") Thin isn-rtiiinly thecftM 
with ihe tmnRfAtion of Calvin'a 'C'linmentary 
071 Daniel.' London, I67(J, and 'The Testa- 
roente,t of the Twcltic I'atriareliM ' from the 
Latin of Uobert Orosaetestt!, London, 1661 
The followinf;, besides those already 
lioned, may be ns^ipied lo (joldiof;: L 
Briefe Tr&alise couceniinil! the llurnin^e ■'■f 
Iluccr nrid Phof^ns,' frotn the Latin, I^nndnn^^ 
ir>(t2. 2. ' Thf Hiitlorit) of l.,«unanl ArvlisB 
(i.e.L. Bnini .Vrelino) concerning theWan^l 
hutwcent? the IinpL-nallfi Sflhe Gut bra for the 
|>oa.«e.i*ioii ofllnly,' lolW ; di-dicntt^l toCiK'il. 
S. 'ThahridgvtnenteoflhellititQrifsofTrogUB 
Tiinipt^Iits, colleclvd and ivrvlt^n in the Latjn 
Tonfrne . ■ • by thp fnia'iits HistorrreraphcT 
.1 u«< I ne ' ( ^Iny Uii;4 ), bv Thomas Marsli. dedi- 
cated lo Kdward dc Vcrc, eari of Oxford; 
' newlie corncted' 107O, 157y. 4. ' John (Jil- 
vin, liiit Twntiite eoneeming OfTenciM,' 



m ine 




Go! ding 



n Golding 



1687. &. • A Povtill or Uxpoiitioiu of 

th* OoiyiU nail in the Churchai of Ood an 

SoadayMuuL F«ut Dmof 8*iticlit, writtiii 

ty yiehoUa H«miiicP,^Lnni!nn, IMO, 1574, 

UJ7.1579: dedicated U>Sir Walter Mildmsy. 

C ' A F^mUI or Ofd«ri_v rii»pi«iii)f of o«rt*inft 

1Tyi(r*1n usually rod in tho ('hurrh of Cjnd 

U|)yaa tho Sundavea and Iloiv dnyea . . . 

hf Uaviil ChTtTUiu.' lioodon. 1^70, 1577, 

dMbeuwl to^r Walter MiUniaj. 7. 'Tim 

INaIbuw of I>ATi<l and ollicr«, wirh M. Joliti 

XUvia'a CommoDtarivft,' Londoo, 1671, 1076; 

fciiiililt iilif Till f"Tf r1 8. 'ABoolce 

Wt Cluirtttn Questiou tod Aaavmn' (by ' 

TbMdor* ncu>, Undon, in7L>, 1&77, 1678; 

4idieBl«d to Iht) Earl af Buotingdon. 9. 'A ! 

OOafctatioa of tbo Pn^ Riill . . . aaviniit 

lOtaBbrth, from the Latin of llftnrv Biillinger 

tfar rider.' iMaiou, L57:2. 10, '^rmons of' 

M.John C«]iiin« Tpom tht Kpixtlr of Stinc^te 

PanV 10 thf tialatuniM,' Ljondoa, tfi71, and 

n.d. : dvdiuatdd to Cecil, lord Iturgblov- 

II. 'Sffrmotu of M. John Coluin Tuon ll'ic 

Boolwof JoVI^D<lon,fol. 1574, 1580, I6>U; 

dadicBkNlto Robert, aarl of Ewox. 12. -A 

Ottboliln KzpMiition vpon t)u Reuelatlon of 

Auael J<dui,cnUAClftl oyK. Aufnistin^ M&r- 

lotmt oat ut divers nulnbl9 writm,' I»nt!nn, 

lft74 ; d«lieat«d tn Bar Walter MiMmBy. 

18L ' A JiutiScation orCloariiiKof the IVince 

Ji OnafN' Loitdon, 157^ 14. • Th« Warfare ' 

BCh riJOMM,' London, lB76i il'>dic«tod to Sir 

Wrnilun l>rawTif . ■•V'TheLvfvof . .. Jaaper 

OoUgair . . . aometyra» grTT>atv Admiral! of 

Vrmvuio^' from llm Laim, Lomloii, 1&76. 

Ift. • An Kdifi or Proelaniation scl forthe by 

llw Frvnrh Kini^> upun tbo I'acifvin? of t)iv 

Travlilm in FratincM, with thir .\rtictoa of tba 

-■TT" PaciBeatioa read and published .... 

■tMarlA7ll,'I.»ri'lon.|,'>7<l l7-''nuit)«rmonH 

IO(-lobn(^uinf vpoa the KiiifltlBofS. Pauls 

M th* KptMMiAiu,' London, I&77 ; dmlicaM 

to Bdmnd Oriiulal, archhitbop of Oanter- 

buy. 18. *Tbe Sarmonn of M. lobn Caluin 

vpoo . . . lteut«ronainic,' IjondoR, lftA3 ; 

daCaatod (a Sir ThuiaM Unwnley. 19. ' The 

Woi^ of PumpMaiiu Me]m tbo Oo«DOffrapfaer 

iijatwaiim the Situation of the World,' I^^oa- 

doQ, IB6&. Id the dmlicatiau ta Hiirghluy 

(A Fail. lfiS4-5>, noIdinffMTsho haaMiit to 

pNM Uw * PoIyhiMor ' n( Ju)iiui Solinu* and 

tb* < TnnOs of Andrrw Thaoet.' 90. ' The 

BraUvnt and PlMaant Work» of lulitw S<»* 

Gms Polyfaiatnr,' [jondon, \M7; rrivuipd 

wiih'PnnpnaiiMMela'inlMO. ai. ' PoU- 

lickt. Motsl, and Martial OiacountM,' from 

llw Flnnah of Jmoua* Huraiilt. I<nnOon, 

lUW; dfdioaied to WilUaoi, lord Cibham. 

«. ' A fiodly and Fnit«fiil Prayer, with aa 

Epitttp to . . . John [Ajrlmar] biahopof l^^n- , 

"" I,' from ihe Latin df Abmtum Fiffmiag ' 






uon, I »i o,[rmn a rrencn rsnion oi Toe itausn 
book of Aonin P»l<^ario'iw* undcrCorRiBNAT, 
EbwaruI, is doubtfully ascribed to Uolding. 
In HoVl. MS. 12n, ff 73 -4, i» a TC^rse trana- 
lalinn by Otildiiijf of Haddon's ' Exhortation 
to England to repent made ... in zh« jrrvat 
■weate, 1551.' It was first printed in 
Dr. FamivallV ' Ballade from Mnnuscriuto ' 
(Ikllad Soc. IWl). pt. ii. pp. 3-J5-.30. In 
thi? Ilarl. MS. 3-!>7, art. 'i, is u trunahition 
(attributed to (loldiofr) of Sh-iditn'H I^ntin 
' Abridgmont of tho Chrunicle of Sir John 
FnMSard.' It wa« printed in 1H08, but the 
trmnslator'a tuune is given an the titlo-noge 
both a* P. and ax P^r, (i.e. Per<;ival) rSuIdinff. 
A Perciral finlding is author of n]>«-dtZTOe 
of tho familv of the Vere«, earla of Ox^nl, 
among thi> itarh-ian MS.S. 

[Cvoper'n AlheiUB CauUhr. ii. 431-1. -Mb; 
PliilUjM'H Tb«iitmm PoetArum. cd. Br)'<tgm, p. 
110; nuiilor'i. MS. CliormViiium.inMS. Acidit. 
34488. ir.UJ3«l veq.; C4?l\iat'a Ri.-x.uf Sutiuntn* 
Ci>nipAQy(ShakcBpoftr«Soo.>,ii. 118.32(1. Amea'i 
TyIW(?^ Antiq. ed. Hftrlwrt; Mumiit'a Baus ; 
W»riJ>ii'f English Poetry; Wood'* Aihuau Oxon. 
»1. Bliu. i. 622. sua, ii. 333; Collii^r's BiblJos. 
Cal., Cor»nr'K CollMtanra ^ 8. L. L. 

aOIiDINO, BENJAMIN, M.D. {1793- 
IdAit), physician, boni !n 1793 in Ks««x, waa 
eutemaaaastudenr ofSt. Thomas's Hospital, 
London, in 1813. Ue was a dnctor of medi- 
cine n( St. Andrews in 1823, and a licentiate 
of tht^CVillt^Ufof Physiciausin iB'2l). He waa 
clocl«d physician at the ^\'(^B^ London In- 
firmary, wliich, miiiLly by liis'-uvrgv and in- 
fluence, waa eiU-ndod ijiii^ I he (Sharing Croaa 
Hospital. Tile new buildint; was erected 
in 1831, and hi; ia itully r^ardi-d lu ila 
(bundor. In the medical sebool and the in- 
ternal arran»<ments of thi< hospital Dolding 
took an activf ]nt>'r^.4T., and he n^mained a 
director of the hospital till 186*2, when fitil- 
inf{ health coni[H'll>^ him to resi^. Hediod 
on ^1 June li!U3. OoLdiuu; was the author of: 
I. ' An bisloncal aocoiint of St. Thomsa'a 
Hospital, Southwark,' I..oiiJun, IHID, l:;iiio. 
3. ' Ttie or»f;in jilflii, and o|>enil iifiii* of tba 
CbarinffCroas Fiospital, Imndun.' edited by 
(}. 11. Golding, I.«ndon, 1807, Qvo. 

[Ixneet, XA Jaly IB63 ; Mnnk'n Coll. rj Phy& 
iii. »09.) W. F. W. 8. 

^OOLDINO, RICHAUD n7avi8ttlil, 
hne^ngTa<rer, was bom in London of humble 
parentage on 16 Aug. 1785. lie was ap- 
ureut ioed in 1 799 to an cngrartr named Paa*, 
out At tbo end of five Ti*ani hLi indeninras 
wrrtf tranafern-d to Jani''» Parkvr, who died 
in IHOfi, leaving some unfinished plaice, which 



Golding 



78 



Goldney 



werv L'ompletwi by Uis pupil. Qoldinc «*aa 
aft»?rwQrdB inlr<idu(wi to Bfnjftmin Woit, 
wlio t-mpluvud )iiiii In engrnvf liin ' Divatb nf 
NcUuii,' il« tben »xecut«d a number of ai]~ 
mirable book-plat4'», the bc»t known of n-bioh 
U« tliom ad'.T (be (letigna of iiob^n Smirke 
for editiunA of ' Don Qiuxot-o ' nnd ' Gil Blu,* 
uidltealsoaKfiioUid WilHuDSltarLi, lu ISIS 
h« cocaplrtvd n fine plat* of tbe PriuceaA 
Charlijtte of Wul(?a, oilvr I bu painting bv &t 
Thomae Lswtddc';) who in luiid to nave 
touclicd till* <^ngTavf>r'ii pnmfd no less rhati 
thirty times. Tub n'putat ion wliieh be gwnvd 
by tbis plate led t^o the oiTfir nf numerous eom- 
mioKoas, and among tlie ponmiu whicb be 
aubsequently engraved were tbosp ^f Sir N^'ii- 
liara (Irani , mul«r of the roUti, a fulMenglb 
afiwr l.awrciict?. General Sir Harrv Cnlvcrt, 
bait,, aAfir Phillips, uiiil Tbomae ] I&mmervlt'y 
thetwillcur, iifturlluKb IJougUs lltimtlton, sa 
wellMaportrailoftiuocnVictoriuwhcnprin- 
oeeBfin berninlbytHr,uflt;rUii.-hard \V<i|irall, 
and anolbiT ni 1830, after Willi&iu Fowler. 
He lilcewiiie i-ngravf.'d a lai^u plalv of * St. 
Ambrose refuKins tht; Emut'mr TbfndniihtH 
Admitfiioninio tboChurcli, urtcirtbi^ pi'^^ <'''*-' 
by Kubena in tbe Vit-nna pilb-ry. In 1W2. 
alter having bi?*;n without work for sevi'Tnl 
Tcara, he undenook to enRrave for thy Art 
tinion of Dublin a plftfi'ftftt'r Mncliw's pictiin> 
uf ' A Pctp into Futurity ;' but lie hud fallen 
inh> H stuU' of dvdpoiidtng indulence, and ut 
tbe end of ten years it ynis still unfinudiud. 
Ilia powers and i-ymight gradually ffidnd, 
and av withdrew from all eorlal intorcourBP, 
finding nKTeation only in ungliug. AJlhuugh 
luiDiarried, and not without mcjuis, ha dii^d 
from bronchitis in nflgleclod and dirty lodg- 
ings ill SU'bbington Strewt, St. I'ancnui, Ion- 
don, on '2ti Tlt^c l^fiS. He was buried in 
HighiCtttvwinutury; but owing to allnRationpt 
that III' had bcsen poisoned by his modical 
attendant, whu became potKued of tbe bulk 
-of bis prujMTtv. hiH bony was exhumod in 
the following bcptvmbiT and an inquest hold, 
which, however, Utniiiuated in a verdict of 
' Death from natural causes.' 

r]tolgravcr*s Diet, of Attiate of the EagUdi 
School, IKffl: Tlryan'aDict.of PaiD(«raaaiI En- 
giavars, «d. Omvos. ISSS, i. fiSI ; Timw. 1 i and 
21 Sr(.t. 1866. 1 R. E. G. 

GOLDMAN, Iter. FRANCIS (d. IBfifl). 
[Se« GotrrBMAN.] 

GOLDNEY, PHILIP (180:>-18r,7), sol- 
dier, second noil of TbomaR (ioldney, eiS<[., of 
Qoldnfy tloiiBe, Clifiiuii, was boru in Loudon 
21 Nov. \M2. Hi- wa" (mIuoiiM ilI n pri- 
vate mIiooI, and in \^'2\ -n-eul out to Bengal 
aj* aoadel of tbe East India rompaay's anny. 
ii« received a commis«on as ensign or second 



lieulenaut iu the 14tb nativn infantn- 1 1 Jti 
of that year ; was promoted lieutenant 30 Jatl 
1824, and brevoi captain 11 Jane 1836. For 
some yean he wan engagvd in tubduing m- 
datory tribes, and in ■eamingthenailTelao* 
guageo and Persian. He translated -nrioM 
ports of the Itible into tbeTemacnlan; aad, 
when till- ollioo of interpreter and qnarter- 
maater iu his ngimfnt feJI racant, hew 
elected to the post. 

In IB44 rioldoey, theD captain of the4tb 
native infantir, was ordered to 8md, whicb 
had recentlv been annexed. His r«giBHil 
was one of four which mutinied in cea^ 
sequence of the witbdrawa! of the extn 
allowance previously giren to aepoys when 
on foreign duty. Ooldncy punwnally at- 
tacked oneof tlie rinuleailera, and nnlvr wsi 
evuntuallTrestared. He waaaoonafterwardi 
appoiiiTijd to the civil olEco of collector and 
magistrate in Sind. At his own rwqawil, 
lie was allowed bv Sir Cb&rles Napier to take 
pari in tbe exwecfition to the Trucker Hills. 
Uia masteiy of the Pereian language led t« 
his being ordered to aix-ompany tbe force 
under tbe Amf^er AU Mnrad, who^c fidelity 
WAK doubted by Napier. Tbe expedition was 
9iiec<«i(fiil, and he relumed to Sind, whi^nt 
a wild district of UeloocbiAan formed part 
of tbe district in his charge. His inSu<-nc« 
over the ferocious iiihabiTontx of thia dis- 
trict was Fftnurkablc; h«0TKanis(>d asysteta 
of police in which he enrolled many desperale 
cliarnctorK, and gave employment to the 

Eopiilation by cutting fiinnl.Ti. In this way 
e greatly incronfied the anm of cultivation 
in Sind, which is entirely dependent on the 
wntera of the Indus. 

Un attaining the rank oflieutenant'Colonal 
ho vng ajipointed to the command of tbe 
'J^ilh nativ>< iufHiitry ittaitonod at Delhi. 
Shortly afterwards he was appointed to the 
command of a brigade sent to annex and 
subjugale the kingdom of Oudli. He was 
made one oft.be five commissioners appointed 
to goTfm the rountry, and placed in cban 
of Fyzabnd, the eaatem division. \VhentI 
great mutiny binke out in 1857, Goldnt 
* anprticiated more than anyone elites tbe ai{ 
nJtlcanee of the outbreak at Meerut' 
IU May (luTB, Ilitt. of the Sejioji Wart 
He saw that the extension of the mutiny I 
Uudb was only a matter of time, and applic 
to Sir Henrj' Lawrence for a small number 
uf European troops. Tbe rvquest was not 
granted, and Qoloney remored &om hi* r»- 
HidenccatSullanpoortoFyiabad,(in hiaowa 
words) ' tbo mo^t itnportjuit and most, dan- 
gi-rous powtioa.' Here be began to ttoTf 
provisions and to fortify a walU_-d place, and 
to ot;gaui>ie, as far «e poaaible, the pens 




Goldney 



79 



H^vppjv Kad tha friendly xamindnra of the 

district. (iolclne7*s penoatl influence with 

hie DiLUTe troops d«hjvd open tniitiny; but 

ivhvn, on 8 Jiuie, thfl mutineere from Aum- 

mrh Bpimiadied within a inarch of I'yeakQd, 

^B thewpoyB rose «ntl wixptl thp public In-a- 

^fesunr-. On ib^ fullnwine morninc tliev kI- 

^'lowed thuir officers to ieviv« in four bnntx. 

At tb« MOU) time oo<> of tbe chU'f Kcmiiidnn! 

«f th< diauict, Rajah Maun ijingh, 9«iit a 

avroag force to protect Goldney and ronvi^y 

liim to a plac« of wfety : but, a« the i>IIic<^r 

in cliaffce of (be ««cc)rt was forbidden to 

rsBcoe anyone vise, (loldnuy dL-clim-d tlic 

aflcv, and |irwt*ded with tbt* otWr olli«?rs 

down the rirer Gogruh. Tht- iwo furemuHi 

boats proCB«dvd ax far an Ili-gumjwi^, a dm- 

tatifie of thirty milea, when they vn-n fired 

on by another body of mulin?(.«r». OoUlncy 

orddTfld theboalDlo h^tniilK'd To an inland in 

the river, and direniednis officani to cm»s to 

tlie other side and eacape acroM the country. 

^p il* hilBM-lf drclintvl to Ifisvc the iMand, and 

^feoHbar remained under fire till befell.orwae 

^nailed 1^ thu mutinerrs and «hot. 

^B CioIdlHty married, in It^t, Mary Louisa, 

V«MieM dai^t«r of Colonel TTolbrov'. Wis 

wife and thrw of hia children Icll Fvxabed 

before the outbreak. Two son» and three 

■danght^r^ in oil surrived him. 

^—^ liaforaMtion from tb» Hev. A. GoWn«T; 
^bOuftbiii^a Aeeount of the MuliniM in Oadh; 
^^K»n^ Stpaj War : Malleaon'i Indixn .Mutiny ; 
Doavell and MiIm's Indiiui Armv List.) 

E. J. R. 

IOOLDSBOROUOH, OODKItEY, D.1). 
<164R-I604), WabopofGloucesler.was bom 
in 15-18 in the town ofC'ambridjnv He was 
matricaUtvd a-* a jiwiMonur of Trinity CoU 
lege, Cambridfft^, of whit-h, in Deci-mber liiGO, 
be became a scholar. In I lilVi-fi bt- [iroct'f dwl 
B.A. SliTpc'aslalenient that Jolin WhitgiA, 
aft«rwanu archbishop of Canlerlmrr, wii« bii> 
tutor, t» no doubt orroni-oii*, <>nfif»iil. 1507 
^^ bo wa« adtnilled a minor fellow, and on 
^bS7 Marfb lotill a major frllow, of lii« Colli>f;i> 
■ iAddit. MS. .W70. f. m. In the lat ler year 
^Bhr ctmmenced M..\. liewssoneof theaul^ 
^Parriber><afrainstthvn<na'atatiit(*«oftIieiiniver- 
«tty in JSay ^'^7'2 (Hetwood and Wrioht, 
CmiUrufy*f.'niverfityTraiuactwjv!,\.Q2). He 
^woceeded to the degnw of R.U. in 1 577. On 
.j4JuItI ^'"9 hi* wa» incorporated in thaidt'gree 
St Otibrd, and on the fnllowini; day he woe 
Cullatedtolbearchdeaconryof Won-iwler. On 
£3 Feb, 16"&-80 he was oolInl*'d to the pre- 
bend of fiorwall in the church of Hcrrlriril. 
On I Sept. )5Fi1 he waa in)talled a canon of 
Worceeter, and on 13 Dec- following pre- 
bendary of Caddington Minor in tbc chiircli 



Goldsborough 



I 




ofSt.I*aul,lx)ndou. He waa created D.n. at 
Cambridge in 158.-). On 30 I>ec 1 ^^> he •km 
inntalltid in the prebend oaJli^l Epiacopi sire 
Pmnitentiarii, or th*^ golden prfhend in the. 
church of Iliireford, for which he exchanged 
Ihn- pn^bt/nd of Gorwall. In or beforv 1§)J9 
be became nrchdeacon of 8a1np in the diocete 
<>f Lichfield. He alao held the rectory of 
Stockton — proboblythebonAficuof tbotnamt 
in Shnpabtre. 

On '2e Aug. 1A98 he was cleL-lod bishop of 
Olouceeter, and he wa» cunstvraled at Lam- 
beth on I '^ Nov. (STirnas, Ilfijutnan 'Sofrum 
ATtf/licattum,p.S^). Thcqumn lictiiiwd him to 
liuld hi* eaiionry aL Worceater inomnmetuiaiH. 
During hia episoopale be rarely rL-aided inbis 
diiiTRHn, and it k i^iid tlutt liin pnlacc waa 
murh dilapidatMl. Hediedan2(i May ttJ04, 
anil waa buried in a small cliapid within the 
lady chape) nf the caLlir^ral at Glouc«it«r, 
where there ia a handsome nltar-tomb, with 
hi* recumbent efRg^' attin-d in a scarlet 
nH:hol, and a Latin inAcriplIon. Helen, bin 
'widow, who anpeara lo have had two hus- 
bands before me marriMl hitn, dit^'d in 1622, 
aged 79. lie left behind tiiiu two Kins, John 
and Godfrey, and perhaps other children. He 
liad a brother named John. 

[Bodforil'ii B!iun>ri of Kpincwney, p. 48; 
Chambem'jt Biof;. lUutitratioiuuf WareeMemhil*. 

E. Vi'I; CfiopfirA Annala af (.liunl>rid|[e, ili. (;. 
oopar'a ALben* Outalir. ii. 3S8 ; Fuabrucike'a 
City of Glaooastw, lfl](», pp. fil, 137, 133; 
Fuller'a Worihia (OnmbridgMhtr«); Codwin'a 
Cal. uf Biahic^ IfllA, p. 406; Godwin, Da 
Pratvulibus (KidiardKin) ; Hooketi'a Seleeland 
Remarkable Kpitapha. i. 61 .- Ilnrincton'fc Nngc 
Aniiiiow, p. 3" ; Li'Ntve's ¥»M\ (Ibirdy) ; New- 
conrl'ti Rcpenorium, i. 131 : Rudder's Glun- 
e'*!<Tsbir», p. I.*7: Kynipr'n Fadcra, rri. 361 ; 
fal. of RtjiU IVp.-r» (niim,I698-180l).pp 100, 
132: 8lrviw> "Whiif^ift. pp, 77, «fl, 3M; 
Willina Snrrry nf Cnlhi'dnU*, i. A71, 873. 6fM, 
(S71, 70". 7^;;; Wood* Athmir O»oo. (Bliw), 
ii. 8*3. 860, F,«ii, i. 155, 2H. 2ir,.] T. C. 

OOLDSBOROUOH, SiK JOn>' ( d. 169S), 
«<-a-c«plJni) in the East India Company's >er- 
vicCiWusprobablyanstivccifSuflQUi, in which 
county be posseAsed an e»Iiite. He waa in 
command of tht; Antelope when that rdiip was 
lakm by a Diitcli fleet, bol ween Maaulipatam 
and Madmfl,on 22 Aug. liJ"3. His account of 
thi- mgageinenL ir in the lkidl«-ian Library 
(A™« Papfn, vol. rvi. f. 38<il. He com- 
manded the Eliip Falran in 167.t-4, and in 
Itl7t(-7,Ifif«,an<IH!HfllIi.ltivngal SUrchant. 
.\fier the death of i^ir John Child on -I Feh. 
l((y9-!X),no ofRrerofI he company succeeded 
to hitt pofitionof 6upremi- control ; but after 
prolonged diMenaioos at Fort St. George be- 
tween the governor, Elihu Yale, and bia 



Goldsborough 



80 



Goldsmid 



coiiiiril, thv vuiiil n^^ntiililiiibeil tliu coiitrol, 
which thfv gave I« fioldsbnroiiffh on 2 Oct. 
I6III. lu Dili firat commlHsiou.dutixl lOl'Vb. 
1691-2, h» is [inmeil ihi-Jr 'Bup«TviAoix!om- 
muaHry-gGtiiiral und chiur Kovumor.' and a 
Tear l»t*r their ' capt*in-j^Mipr«l iiiul rom- 
iruvnder-in-chi(-f.' Junt l>cfoni thn diHL> of Uia 
first cominiwion he wm knif{liti>(3, fi F»"l>. 
1091-2. n* Milted in Mfttrh.and firrlvod at 
I'ort St. Georte on ^.'i Nov. IW>2, where he 
inTMti^led the quftrn*! bctwtrpn the Int^.' fr'>- 
vernor, Elihii YRlt'.and liLi council, In June 
h« went In Kort St. David, mid aftiT Bonie 
flajr thore rulurned by luriil 10 Mudnu< on 

11 July 1693. Oh till- 2^1 h Uh ejubnrked for 
the Bay of BpHRal, leaving his wifw nt lh(? fori. 
He rvftch^l Chalnnnti (now Uiilcuttii) on 

12 .\iig., and rt^poiTPd vptv iinfavoiimbly of 
the Ute Bgant in Bengal, Joli Cbarnuck [q. v.], 
and th? r-iinpany'sseiTantii. (hi liiiirt'»5iiin- 
iD'vndBtinn tranif!!? Kllifi, who hiu) succeeded 
Cbaniock «• a|;e'nt., wa" aftprwHnU ivtuandwd 
lo Fort St. Goorgr, and Ch&rU-^ (]«ter Sir 
Charles) I'lyreor Kyrfca|>pointed toth*post. 
WhilafltAyinsatChatanaTKIold^borouf^hvas 
•truck d'j«'iil(v fovi-r and di«(l 'within sooio 
fAwdDy.<i aftrr'SSNov. HiB3. Before lea 11 luf 
London he made a will, datiil 7 Murcli 1091, 
wb«)r«iii bndtwcribitl luuiivlf lu'of Itetfanall 
Oreen, in the <;oiinty of Middlvsox, knijjh:, 
being bound on a voyaKu to Ibu Piast Indin 
beyond the «iM» in thp .nliipp Rerklv Oastlp' 
(registered in P. C. C. li', Bond), ^ot Ioiik 
after bi» death his widow Man* marrit-d 
Roger liraddyll, iliu troubliwuue mi'mber of 
GovOTnor Pitt's council at Fort St. <'t")rge. 
Shr died in India some ttmv pn'^'ioufly to 
4 Nov. irO:i, on whiyh day ber hu»I«nd ad- 
uiniMared to h^r aatate ftl London (,-U- 
mmialrafion Act i?fB*.l'. C.C.. 1702, (.'21 1 A). 
ISnldxlMirouf^h'ii pa]»r* give the impreMlon 
lliat be vruA an bun«Bl. evnsiblo man. 

(Uinrr of Wilhara llmlgrji, wiq , wl. C«l>iti«il 
Vulo (Hakluyl Soc), ii. xc. Kci-xcir, clv-ds, 
cwix; CViscB Cfti. (Jodifum MWS, Bibl. Bwl!.. 
paw 1-. fiwe i.[ Q. O. 

GOLDSBOROUGH, RICII.\Rn (1821- 
I8Sfll, cQlonial wool irader, wac bom at 
Shipley, near llradford, Yorksbirf, in 1S21. 
Hi; was apprcntieed aa a boy to a Bradford 
woobtxplmg firm, and at twenly-onc rears 
of an- Mart«l of ft nn^rcbanf in a Atnnll way ', 
in tDU Mine town, iturcbaHini; the clips of 
BTHxiere in the neiffnbourliood. and sorting i 
tliB wool fur tho mttuufuctun;n>. ll<i bmume | 
intArv!*t«d in Australia, fmi« iln rftpariity of ( 
producing wool, and at lun^k dt^lurmitiMl to 
nntg;nit*>. il*> ltri«t n-i^nt to Adidaid^, and ' 
flnalty sotllwl in Mi>Ihniirnp in If^". In 
1816 he commenced bueini-s« in a small 



:» 

i 



weatbnr-boarti building. He auocwded 

Eidlr, and ultimately i>rerTM) thA large 
y tfie .Markdt Situate in Melbourne. 
building hi* (ip>-ratii)ii* vtv much dirtoriwd' 
by the e-tfiitfiinent wbicli followed ih« pAA 
diJN-ovvTir«. In IKTtS he went into partner* 
ship with Edward Row and a«otfpe' Kiilt, 
and IW new tirm trannetmt a larffi^ and lucia- 
tiv« buHin«ui« in buying and sellin^^ alatiooa 
and stook, as woU ail iniineiu'.dy vxiiandiag 
floldfl borough's woo I operationa. From IflfiT, 
however, lie con<Tntratcd all bia fnergies 
upon wool. In I8(L' Ii« i-r^ctfd buildings 1 
the comer of Bourhe and William Rtrwt 
Mf^lbourntr, biiving a flotir vpAcn of over fiv 
acre^, t'nderlhejointmanagi'mf^ntnfl'ioldi 
borough and Hu^hl'srker, his bn>ib*fr-in-law, 
the busitLf>(» ronrinut'd to dftViiJoiic nipidl;, 
tuid in 1881 the bouse wan atnalgamatea wiUi 
tlii;.\u>>triil tan Agency and Ban king Corpora 
tion, when the cotianlidatod concern Vcaine a 
limited liability company, with (JoldsbcTQiigb 
oachainnaoofdiicctors. Thceompanybegan 
witit a capital of three miUiuii^', and pm> 
ihcred exo^Ingly. l*be Sydney butuuMa of 
Lioldsborougb Si Co. became scarcely lese ex- 
tonsivo than that of the M«'l bourne bonM. 

(ioldiiboniugTi found the entire wool export 
of MellM^Lirnt- m Ift48 mne thirly tbousand 
hales, and in the last twelve mnnihn of hia 
life hi« own firm mid more than twice ibal 
amount in Melbourne alone. His company 
bad (iho worked up a great connection in tw 
grain Lradc, and carried on immonse opera- 
tions in skin». hidf-it, tallow, and other dtation 
produre. Tlieir |}t'ri<^it.-iLl property aalaebiK^H 
came an important AuAlndaiiian feature. ^H 

(i olds borough always n-fuswl to Lave any 
hand in potilieal mntim, but subN-rilit^ libi— 
rally to instiliitioiis and rhariiiof. It was 
aoid Ihal he wnuld luivt- bi-<-n an little likely 
tu makL' a bad bar^in a>> attempt a pimlfonn 
.HTX'iTh ; but hf wnn held in high esteem 
lurotighout the colonies as well a« in York- 
»hire, which he several times revisitMl. lie 
was a great eneourager of horrnvriwiiig iii 
Australia, being a steward nftlie racing club 
from it^foundiitioR. Ila died in .\Ielboun)» 
on 8 April ISSfl, 

AQ«n>1isn Wool Tmdo la BrvlforU ObacfTe r,^B 
Miir 1S81; HoiIod's AiMlnlian Diet. urUntM.I^I 

J. B-». 
00LDSCHMIDT,.II;NNYL1NI)(1821- 

1887), TucaliKt. [^iee LlMO.] S 

O0LDaMrD,A»HAlIAM(l7R6!'-l8I0)™ 

.Tewisb financier, was bom in Holland about 
17*16. Tlis fat ln-r.Aarmirtiildntniil,,'* merchant 
by profession, married ratherinf.daiiffliterof 
Abtmham de \'rics, il.l*., of AmstenlaiOp 



J 



Goldsmid 



8i 



Goldsmid 



17411, M'ttlml 111 Kiit^LiD'iubout ]7<Kt, 
li.'d^Janeir."'^. (ioldituiiiJ riud lib* t- liJer 
1>roUi(ir.fii:sJi.Ml>- r!7«3-'--IHtlt»). »Urtwl in 
tMMuiRHii m» bill brokers &b<)ut 1777. Tlieir 
fiBaacislommKtHiiitwun-unidunllyt'Xl'juilcil, 
«nd %tUt 179'J tli>-ir w>-iiitl) rugiidly iiK^remted 
Otrnii^h llieir dealings witU tb" llnli»b go- I 
wnunenl. Itti'B* n-gnnl<<d u lui impiirliint I 

■ •vent ujwo tW Sukk K\rtuiiLge vliitt men, ' 
till (btrii iienrlT iinku'iwn, inntugfi^ towrc-*! 
tlie llofttiiif of j^ovonimrnl loan.* from the 
luad« of ttie bouking clique. Tbe brotltem 
Qoldmiid during I be last tifttrn jretirs of 
thinr lirBi went Aomcwbai prominent Sguic* > 

rin Ii!iisli*b mcial lifi-. ll^iijamin bad a tiuu ' 
eoun try-house at Ko«.'liiim[>lun. Tliey iiol 
only oioi'' 1(1 i-iti^rri^t- a kind ol' luoHop-ilv of 
iaflwiu''.' upon tlif r^lock Kxchani^v, but tlioir 
widv Aud ((QOiHl b'/na-t dIriick ■ncun^l Lli>-jn i 
g«ntr>] rM|M*cl. llenjimnii Golditnid wu, I 
' •eoanUn^ to hi£ hio^mulier, ibe nal founder I 
^■cftheKnynl NavaI .\»Tliira Hriinrtvwnbernre I 
^M the ttwtitiiiion Trait tixlien over bygovemmeiit 
^Band>>otabhahedat Piiddin)^(innrM>n,lxiDdon. I 

^■wvalthy l''.a«t Indin nierrhaal.snd hul many 
^|childn-u. Four snn*, Jotin l.oii'i!, Ilcnnk', 
BAlbert, uid liiJiniil Hnuer. survived. IiU 
^fgnuulfuiit (>i»a of l.ioDfl I*T*ff«r> ii» tbt^ wvU- 
^f nown nrientalL><l and travi'IliT.Sir Frvd^-nc 
H JoboGold'-mid.K.i'-S.I. |{«iijitiiiinlioId.«iuiJ 
wu Mitijti-t in tW IntiiT yi^irn of Wis life tn ' 
St* trf nvluiicbuliw, and cominilU'd «iiicide on 

(11 AprU 180(S. 
Abrmbam Goldsmid was n Ji^ut contrac- 
tor, together with th» finn uF BnrinK, for 
thf uini*t«rial loan of fniirtncn millions in 
181D. ITwj dwatli wf Sir I'rarici- IWiujir oa 
11 Seal, added grciitlT to [h»; heavy burden 
npoo DIB ehouldcrv. 'iold.>inid'MC>'Diuwiidiug; 
and (^ci^iil iunal pr>-.iti>iii opon tIm^ Stock Kx- 
cliao(^ had eecurwl hmi many rui.iDie9 and 
livaLk Tfi'? wriji of tJii- new loon kepi fcnt- 
duollj falling, and fioldctnid'E ditlicullies 
^ft were alill furtlwr incnniMHl owing to llitt 
^P faiturr of certain tr&nf><u~i inns relating to ex- 
cbeaiier bills wbk'h he had to oi'traltate for 
thnlCast Iiiilia C('tti|Niny. \Vhi>n it b«CAinc 
ctcur that be ouiild not meet hit- liabilities, 
Oi>ld*mid'a conragi- failed hitn and he com- 
^■uieidv. lltii' was oti :» Seoi. 1610. 
I c>f hi* death eaosed consola Vt fall 
llfeme dar trrtm (V6} to 63), and thry left 
affatd4), Scrip or 'omnium,' which U^n 
om SS SepL ar 7 di.woiuit, fell to lU luid 
rilnmil al r * Wcuuealion.'iuiid tliu'Ciiurior* 
■ad lli0' >fnnun^ Vmt 'uf thai dalf .' wbi^tlwr 
paaoB or war auddenly made ever crtialM 
aodb a biutle aa the dmlb of Mr. lioldsmid.' 
lTIui newapapoTH ronUiint'd ntany panerrriu 
of Ookbmiae bvnevi>li-uo', <>f which a uu^ 

VOL. XSII. 





uuutber of ciiriutui aCoriea have bern pre- 
served. It IB said that I O TV to the aniouot 
of 100,000/. were found tu hi» diawerv iifter 
hia death and lorn ujt an waste papery they 
had duubtleoe been nvea and rweived as a 
OH^.m fiinn to veil flie fact thai. ihA lonna 
were reallv gif^f- The aoronwhat effiuiw 
prat»eo of t^ie newspapera pmniked ilte aneer 
of Cobbett, who derotca a number of Via 
'Wpekir Political Kt^tater' to an attack 
upon Goldsmid. Ooldunid'a firm made ^reat 
eBorta to dischaive their Itahilitien. Uy 18l(t 
thev had paid a full 1&«. in the pound, and 
in \S'20 parlinmnni, on the petition of tlu* 
(^redilork (nnui)uT In. <U. in Ibe pound having 
been puid), annulled the remiuninft portion 
tif til'- di-btfl, whi-ilier due Ui |{or"*mmMit or 
to private indiriduala. Oaldamid married 
i^a EUaaon, of Amsterdam. Ilia duufthtvr 
luabel married ber couatn. Isaac t,y<M Gold* 
amid [q. v.] 

[Oent. Mna. 1808. i 373. i-^:. 1810. ii. 381 ; 
EnroMan Miif. IXIO, Iviii. 2i1 (with portnit of 
Abmiiatn GalLitii>l ) ; CohbelL's Weakly Tolilieal 
R«Ki4.t«r. 3 Oct. IttIO tuI. xriii. No. 16, p. SIS i 
Timea. 1 2 nod I a April ia06 ; ladepondcnt Wfaij; 
(a hostile iioiici'nflVnjatnin Goldsmid). 17 ApKl 
1808 : Moraing I'mc, i9 S*pt., I, 2, 3, 10, an.l 
IB 'ttt- IHlll; Cuuri«r. ^ aod 29 Sept., 3 w'l 
* Nets I81U: Mnniing Chrontcle. 39 Sept. and 
I, a, ana 3 (M. Iglo; Tiin««, S!» Bapt. 1810: 
Iloiiseof ComiuDiia* JonraaU. 18S0; HeBwiraof 
thf Lifi* of tbe late Bcnjaniin Goldnmid of Ro«- 
hainpton. by htvy Aloxaniler (a cnriuu* motd- 
■aen of Rowtping and eolupittie biogiaMi;); 
l-'raneis' Chroniclca and C'liaraAer^ of U» Stock 
ExchaniP', 186'\ new ed. pp. 190-6; Thorn- 
baiy'a tiid and Sev Lnnaon. i, IRS ; JamM 
PlcciolTo's Sketrhai of Aii)rli>Jeir~i!>h Biatorv.l 

r, 0. H. 

OOLD8MID, Sir FR.WOIS TIENRY 
( 1808- 1 ?" ri I. lawyer and pidit i<rian, of Jewish 
n(ciranclrrlif(ii>n,wasboraiiiLoadonon 1 Mav 
tJ«08. His father waa Sr laiuu: Lyon Ooltf- 
sioid [q.v.] Ooldsmid reeKivMl a very careful 
pri\*ate education, and hwame a proficient 
claasictil acholar. While dtill iinilti a ytiun); 
man he wiis auocialed with hia father in bi^ 
laboiin for the removal of .Igwish diMbililieM, 
and be wroU- a number of pamjihletn upon 
t.hi« uueatJon. They arc written in clear and 
weiglity Entfliah, and attracted considerable 
nttenfion. lie chow thebarforhif profcMion, 
'forthepurp>*i.'principiiny,'aahe afterwards 
■aid, ' of opi^iiin^ a new i-nreer to hiscoreli^on- 
ists.' In Janunrt' 1>^3 ho was admill*^ to 
lincoln's Inn,beiiif; thus the first Jewish bar- 
riftter, as he was aUo the lirst Jewish uum-u's 
counael (1858). He married in 18.19 l^uiaa. 
d&ujfhtcr of Mooes Goldainid, liis father's 
brother. AAer the Jewish I>iMb(liti*w Bill 



Goldsmid 



82 



Coldsniid 



Tf M jnowirl in 1H>'i!), tluldxiniil (who uiK)n 
tba oMtii flf hin rnrhor in the mithc ;rear tiad 
soooeeilod tn the biirani.>l<.-y) wii» »l Wnjith 
enabled to bcg^in « piirliiiinriitarv ctin^r, an*l 
he WM elwtfd in ISSO merebor fnr Ri'&dioir. 
wbich bori>ugbIie coiitinui*(l to n.'|ur»«i'n1 till 
hii dL>ath. In pr>litic« Go1d«n)id wan a t{>m|>e- 
r«lw ktWrnl. He was the recoffnised spuku^ 
taanDf Ibe JufrishenmmnnitT in pnrluimi'nt. 
sad in muny Ivlliiiy spc-4<cli<»t.'n1li.-dali«nri'>Ti 
tnth» jMrsiwiition.t of tUo Jtrws in Gmetern 
Kuropi' nni^ fllw-wbLTi". On f^'nunil »u1yi*L"l« 
(Jfld'nud vfii* iiiit « fr»«jufiil niwnlft-r, but \i\» 
opinion vtia tenpt't^UiA upon both aiduHoftUt- 
ho<i»>, and hi? wns wi-li known ns n )tnti<-!il 
Mini iniimrriiil r.hiiirrnan of committotvi. Liko 
his fattier, (.>o1(li>mid took a iWp inU'r>^t in 
Univ<>rsityl'iilk'j;pi»iidthcrnivcMityOfill*'p> 
Hospital. He was treaBUPer of the hospital 
from IWt? (ill 1968, and a ward wm hbiih'i) 
after him in 1870 in TMOEnition of hiii s-^r- 
vicM lo thv iimtitwlion. Ainone his own reli- 
gious eiinomiinity Goldsmid w«* very promi- 
nent. Ho tyok iho k-uOiiig part in tlw foun- 
ilalinii iif the iiefomi SynQ)(Ojfuo in 1841 
(noir fiituntud in Uppt<r Berkeley Sirocl),uid 
tie w»* t'liB i>riic'Uf'iiI fiiiiiider of the Anglo- 
,Ii;wifih A.R9ncktinn in ]H7\. In 1841 he uh- 
tabliBh(.>d the Jews' InfiitiL School, onr> (if thn 
^arliott MhooU of tia liiml, and now the Inrfrest 
infant Mhx>ol in Englund. lie died t>l^ou^'h 
ait accident at Wat'-rloo stiitiori on 2 May 
187S, Ilin ncpbtrw JiiUnn, utm of liiit brother 
Kr*HliTi(-k David tl81»-l8fKf), suco-edcd as 
third biirunet. 

(roldsnud'* writing include : 1. ' Kemnrkd 
on till' l^ivil Di.wbilJlicH Iif IlritishJfWii/ 1^30. 
2. 'TwoLotti'rs in .\iisw«rlo tht- Objoctaou* 
QTgvl )ij(nin«t Mr. (iniiit'* Hill for the lieli^f 
uf rhe Jews/ 1B30. A. 'The Arguments ad- 
vanced aj(niri*>t tlii; Hnfmnrliiwrmt'iiL of thtr 
J>.iwcoii*idi>nid in aStsrieaof Lnttftra.'lftSI; 
i!od edition, iS'AS. 4. 'A Few Word" rf«pecl- 
iog the Enfranohirnt-mont of Hriiiiih .Ti'wa ad- 
d[T-<i»«-d to the New Parliiunent,' 18*t. ft. 'A 
Si^heme of I'eerafif li>.-fonu, with Itcaiujnit for 
tIifSchi'ni«,byt!n?y<mngi,*itloribitToinkin!"'V 
I83A. (I. 'lieply to I be ArtfuuieaU advanced 
nf&inst the Reinovul of lliu rcmuining Dtft- 
i^ilitivB oflV- J.'Wrt,' 1818. 

pioinoirof Sir V. H. Gftldsmid. I>r the R«t. 
Profcwor lUorb^ uti'l the Rov. Albert L3wy, 2iid 
enlarnid «d. IB82; Tim«. 4 May 1878.1 

C.Q.K. 

OOIJ)8MIl>. HKNPvY EDWARD 
(IR12-1**55), Indian civil urvsnt, bom on 
8 Hay 1812, was soa of Edward Ootdamid 
of Upper llarley Street. London, lit wa* 
odocated privati'lv, and in IJS^, on nomiuK- 
tioa to a writunthip by Roburt Campbell, one . 






of ihi; directors uf the Ka^l India < 
went to Flaiievbnry Oollege, where he i 
obtained tbi! Wrsian prize, and also dudn- 
guiithrdhiniarlf in HinduHlani and law. Pr^ 
eaedin^ to the Bombay presidenry in 18-11', 
be served in the dislrictft of Ahmedna^r 
and Tannn till he hi^amv, in I83A. oAuitanL 
to tb« revenue eommiasittner, Mr. WtUiam- 
lon. While in thie poet bedeviled th«K- 
v«nHe Kurvev and aaeeuneat syMtom. Il« 
was employed init«org»niMtionin thepoona, 
Abmedciagar, and Nasik difllrictf, and the 
Soulhern Malirutla cy*nitr>', fnim 183& Lit] 
1^5, whan hi- viflited England nn furlon^L 
Hn thun? inarriiKl Jw»y Sarah Ctoldsmid, 
daughter of Lionel "PngVT <'9old«tniid, ud 
sifter of Major -gieneml Sir I'". J, (4oIdsmtd, 
K.i;.S,l., Cll., bv whom he hod four auu 
and a daug^hter. Iteturniiig to India in 1M7 
a« private secretary to Sir (leorije Cleik, the 
ffovi>rnorof Bombay, hi- brntmc in tho fel- 
lowinRyeur secretary to the Ik'nibaygoreni- 
mcnt m tho revennc and fintini^ial de 
mi^nlK. and chief «.'i;Mtnry in IW4. 
hGiLtthbrokedownundurhi.%un!<|Mirii)gUti 
in the public ser%'ic«, and h« died at Cain 
on .1 Jan. IHo-l. 

*riie tenure of W'pstem India gvnPTalljr ts 
ryot wari, that id, the «latv is univvnul Ulld- 
lord, and t)ie pf-o-^nntry hold undi>r it direcL 
IJut, owing to the ohsoletonois of the MTftt- 
monls and system uf former native govcni- 
m«m«, and n g^'neml full of pricos. the runts 
had become ••xorhiLunt, evm in favourable 
wmrons. Annual rumissions, detemtimfd ob 
annuHlcro{ii[L^pu<;lioutioindpbyiU-paidnalirv 
nfticinbi, had thim Iwcoiiir the rule. Arraar* 
uuvL'rthHiess accumulatc-d, corrupt ion, extor- 
tion, mill I'Vi-n titrlurt", wprv l<Ht«rvid, th* 
nii.'C fixed on the Iwlter&nili) weregmdoally 
lowiTf>d, whilp thewe on the poorer bMaoH 
enhsnrt'd, and thei^ mt«<t wer« charf^Ut 
on areas which, through oorruptton or Id* 
of record, wt-rc gencmlly incorrect, A^i- 
cultural Mock and cupital werv tbua oa- 
plvted, I bousands emigratMl, the residue wen 
poverty-6trieki.'n and dcspairinfr, while 
re> enue barely coverwi 1 hs «iiat of ndlectji 
Goldjmid's inslf^hl and energy itktroduflcda 
I ayalem thu dtit»ilK nf which worp perfivtod 
[ by tlif ahlo ynunK men whom he drew roond 
I hun, including Cieutenant (afterwanJe Sit 
Oeorgii) Win^tii.rtiirlli' Frrrefq. v.*|, Li 
tontLUta (now (ionemU) Dnridson, 
nnd Anderson. The'snrieT 'comprised all t1> 
landa in cvwy lillo^, wnicli wiro divided 
into separate 'fields' of n uiie lo bo tilW 
by one pntr of bullocks, defined by boundary 
mark)!, which It wua inu.de pfnal to rcmuve, 
und clearly indicated Upon roadlly obUinable 
mips. Kach field wasihcn classified ' 




tag to tlui vi^lidc capabilitiw of its vftriotia 
portions, and placed in one of Qine or mon< 
cImikw, the 'vrbole work hv'mfs mrriral otit bv 
, • tnined astive staff under strict liluropeaa 
) UM and aiiprtrvUion. The final ' aMeument ' 
wme tbe persoDal work ofCioldiimid, Wln^ate. 
«» M>tn<> <ii ht^r of ttw'duperint^iidi'ntit' wlioin 
tht7 ioKtitiitttd, IndiviilunI villages vrori^ not 
wpaf«t«l; deaJt witb, but, afYvr r-urvfnl ap- 
pntficiiumt of climate, agricultiirul sliill.dijt- 
tazKc of maridffi, mixu» of cummiitiicAriitn, 
and Mst range of prioeii, a maximum rnl« wn» 
fixed for ^ruuiM uf v!llwc>s, froin wliif.h thf> 
mnl fdn-ncli nt*l(l ouuld DedvductK) bv immiiK 
oflbfcIawifiiraLioti. TbeaMeaameBtva«ttien 
)pinnuitiinl i>|rniiist i.-nbaooeineDt for tliirl}' 
jean, md all iraproT^'nipnlj; ^fiWtod during 
ihti t«rm werv et-cuiKd to the bolder. Il« 
rotilJ n!lin([iit)ib nr tncnOM his boldine, and 
had u ri^hl locontiauo h» tenure at tnr i^d 
«f thp l^rm upon accepting tbi; revised aoKM- 
me&t u> bi> tliito impoaed. 

ThJa ay^t Am, formubited in ' Joiut K«poi1s* 



6pw«h bfi^r Barl 1« Pran. Qaveraar of Boniha;, 
4 Oct. IfSM ; penunul knowledga.} T. a B. 

OOLDSMH). Sir IS.1.VC LYON (I77S- 

1859), tiiiani-iiT iiikI pliilantlirDpii>I,i>f.liiwiiih 
ntcu aiid religion, wax boni in London on 
Mi Jan. 177S. lliii fHtJurr, Asber Qoldtaaid, 
a bullion broker, wtta brother of Abrahojn 
(MiUUmul [q. v.] iKnac OoldBmid, after & 
canful ."diicatioii, cntcri^d tbf firm of .Mo- 
cjititi. k (.inldAuiid, buUiou brok<:n> to tb^ 
lUnk of ^u^laIld and to thi! Knat India 
C'oni[iiiriy. As bullion brokt-r hu wba tken, 
iftMijFartu, a mf mber of tlifi SUxTk I<!xr.han|^>, 
wluT"' Up till 1^2? only t wt'lvH Jewish bmktini 
wfTK adniilled. Hh murritHl, ou "29 April 
1$0J,I^Ab«4,daugbterof AbrahnmOoldflmid, 
luH fjithtrVbrcjlIier. Ada (inanvieitioldsmid 
grndufillv rt»ti to rL>uiii(l«T?ih]>> ptoinenceand 
uUiuialoIy aiQa.'<siicl a Urpt foniiiii*. I1if> mMt 
(ixti'nsivi' titiiinciiLl o|iprutii:iris were cotmectiil 
with Porlugal, Bnuil, and Turkey, and for 
bis survic-esin setilinu an intricato nionet«ry 



^^ Thuay^tAni, formulated in 'Joint K«poi1s [ bis services in s^tilmi; an intricato nionet«ry 
^B W Goldsmid and Wiii)>Alc in IhUU, and by ^ dii<pu(« bclw>^n Portiij^al and Brazil he waa 
^M (ben and IMvitbuu iu [t^7, was firmly oata- ' crMiledby tbelVrtugucwgovenimuQlBaivii. 
H Utabed by arts of the Ilooibav leRialature in da Palmcira in 1846. GotdsnidwaSfhowever, 



I 



Utabed by arts of the Ilonibay legialature in 
1S65-^ and incorporated in the Rntn bay reve- 
nue codri iif 1879. [t bax lun^ »inci> \]vta op- 
|ilied to thti whole of iJie landA in the Bombay 
pnindvncv whirh pay oMMsmeot (o povem- 
nsot, and had beta oxtend^d to inniimerable 
'exempted' UDdbolders and clueta at thwir 
own reqoMt. Tha Berara and the nalive atote 
of Hyson bare obto adopted it. Ererywhere 
tb« r«n(« have been made less burdMUome, 
ciilttTalton bos ext«iuted, Ibe revenu** has 

improvm), uud conlvnt li«< bwn diBuaed | necen»ry Impetus bv a prompt uciiuisitiou of 
Aiaonff the p«-(plf. I the dc^irod cite in (iower Street ' at bis own 

In 1805 Sir Banle Frcre inaugurated a 



da Palmcira in 1846. GotdamidwaSfhowever, 
much mom than n. taarr- finuriciur. Thu mnin 
effortof his life waaiifMul in tliacaiutttofJowiMb 
umoncipalion; he wiiaalau a prominent w'orkQr 
for unitMrtKriiLn iiliicalion nitd AOr^inl n'Tonns. 
•He wnflclo-M^ly al]i<»d,'.'*aysMr. irvileCIarlci- 
'witb ibe Mtiliiarian and, at that tune, radical 
stibnol," II'' t^iok a [imminent piirt in the 
foundntiuo, in [>i'J5, of Laivorstty College, 
tli«n called the I'niverHity of London. Wbilv 
siicocm was still doiibtftii. Goldsmid ga\c the 



memorial n-jit-boiiHR.t-rirclfNl by milnwript ion, 
•t DBcksol, near wlien> t inldiiinid'it nurvoy 
h»A liMa bc^n. He spoke empbalioally of 
Gfddamid's nobility of rharooUT. 'playful 
lancy,' and ' inexhaustible wit,' and aswrt«d 
that neithi-r Sir Jonit-s Outr&m aor Geaeral 

■ John Jacob bad a moru absuIuC« control ovur 
the afleettonB of t be nat w es. Witb referetioe 
to the eorvey aad iiBw<i-a«m«nt, he said * tbo 
name of Mr. (loldamid will livr, in coiinw 
tnmwUfa tbmt neat work, in thf? grat<>fiil ra- 
ooUectioiu of U» timpW cultivators of these 
<liftricta Ionic afterlhw muiit rimtly moniiincnt 
w« could erect to bis memory wonld have 
periohed.' 

(Oflcfad ronwpoodBoea on the ItcTmiio Sor- 
▼ios and Awiniwtit at Lho Bntnlaiy Prmiflcney, 
IftU; Surrey and SttUatiaii Maoual, cumpiiod 
by ordv of the (iovrraineiit, Bombny, 1883: 
Load Aaaeumeatu of Indiit, Boiulxiy Qaartwrly 
KOTlflw, Jaly 186a ; Tho Dsooan Ryobt, by H. 
Oreea, IB4S; Bombay TinM, w Knb. IBM; 



riitk and that of two colloofniw, Hr. John 
!^iuitb and ilr. Benjamin Slinw, wbom )»< 
p.-rt'uaJi.-d to jt.>in in iIil- rvtj]x>usibilily * ( f/iu- 
MrwVy (-V,i/e;/f Iirt»,rf for tWJl). In 18.14 he 
pave enerjtulic bi'lp in the fBiablishmtint of 
tb« UniviTnily Ciilbige or North LondoD llos- 
pitivl, and served a.^ it* tirasuror from IfiUW 
till 1S57. With .Mr^. Elizabeth I^Vy and 
P«I*r B«ironi.( inld«ni id waa a »-nloua fe! low- 
worker for the reform oft be jM'-nnl'Codu and thu 
imprrivcmont. of prisons. Robert Owen, IIih 
80CiaUiic, ia hif aulobiograpliy, apoaka of hia 
long intimacy with OoTdtmid and tb« iat«- 
rcsthcdisplayodintbosystemof NewijMnark 
{Life <if RutKrt OtLTTi. 1867, i. 150). 

The ^auae of Jewinb emancipation bad 
C3old^mid'l> vntini devotion. Through bison- 
"offiiii? ^ntT^rv tliii .lewisli T>isabiIitJes Dill 
waeintnxlureflby Sir{then Mr.) RobertQrant 
[fi. v.l in 1830. Thp bill waa thrown out in 
caeEiotiseof (.'ommoniton its second reading, 
but waa reintroduced iu the reTormod parlia- 
ment ia 1633, when it was passed by large ma- 

o2 



Goldsmith 



84 



Goldsmith 



joritiefl. For many «ubaM:|tient jeun tbe bill 
was rojuct^'d in llm uiiprr lti>uiH<. Nffvmtli*- 
leM it WW noliUmid B rxfrlions !ii llie early 
y..*ars nf ihe striigK)*!- wh«n?bv muny promi- 
aent liberal niftnl*irr> nf Itolli Iioiim-ji nml n 
low oonM'rvm iv*'s v;pk indiiM-d to taki* a 
warm int^re<9t in lh"i]iie4lKin,(liiit: itll.irasloly 
Beciired it* aiicrcjf.'^ In 1833 llwv bill w«« 
B'j cloiHilv c 1 *" licet wl wit!) UiH name tlint Sir 
Knlji-n tngliit doclorcd tLiil ' the litlc of the 
bill ought t'j be"H bill to viiabln an lioti. 
i(t-iit It-inan lii crime front tlie lobby into tbe 
body orih'j liou«- "'(^HANnA KB, Par/. />e*M/B*, 
July IS3.1, ]). 1079). {ioldsmid'H imblir «er- 
Ticw ivncl liiB Inbciutv for the Jews DiAabiliiiep 
BUI br»ug^Iit liim iiilu n.*liiti<.iTiK with Kprt-rHl 
lilM'riilRrnre,itnen. Hp*idft«thf onjritii! mover 
of the bill, 'Sir It. I Vranl, ibva- was no mure 
iealoit« iVixtid of I ioldsmid ani) hi« caii«« ibtm 
tli<> thinl I^onl Holland. When, in lAtl, 
C^oldsmid's nnmc iroi inchid-ed among the 
bonwieta crfnti-ti by Unnl McIboumcV oiil- 
i;olii|^ ininistrv, th« dinliiiction, then for the 
first time eonft-rrcd upon a Jew, wan trn-allv 
du'.-t'jlbewi-U-kiK'wii wtifh of Lurd liollatiu, 
who had dieJ in the ftrevioua year. Holil- 
Bmid dieduD 37 April l^'JB. Hie aim Francis 
Hi'iiry [i|. v.] Hiitvi-iHimi to ill" buronntcy. 
Tlineldeat diiujthtfr, A-fNA M\KiA (ioldhhid 
(I>l06-ll*Ktt), i>liilniithrt>iii«t, wiw eduMited 
under Tliomii^ Cainphell, the poet; wm the 
friimd of Uord Brougbam, Iltibert Uwt-ti, 
Mi'Uilelssohn. uiid Sir MoaiL<s Montefiore; 
cavu \nrgt^ »um* M ebarily, and wli» dM'ply 
int«re»te<l in edocatioual queitioii*. Miy 
died BFcb, 18W*, aped 81, leaving some uf 
C«in|rbcl]'a iiiannm:riptA tu ihu Brilish Mu- 
«!Utti. She published tbe following tmnHia- 
tions : 1. 'Twi'lru StrmouH,* by Salomon 
r.oithold (iKtil). ± • £l.-»i.|..pniVnt» of tin- 
IMiffioun Idea in .rudiiiflm.' by Philippnolm 
(lrt5M. 3. 'Tim IVicidB-. A'niily>M» nf the 
Life ftf Ji^uB by .1, Oohsn nf Marfloilles' 
(I87X'). 4. 'Ediie^tion&l Code of I'riiaaia,* 
18"3 (TYiar*, 10 P.'b. IH80: /Int. Mum. Cat) 

[Mamoir uf S!r Luui<: (luLdjuni'l, by Mr. Hyds 
Clarke, in Hnnk•^^'r• Mai;. Jiiik' l8iSg, pp 37-S-%2, 
July !85», |i[i. 44»-J". A|iril 1800. pp. 210 4; 
Juwifh Cliruuii-b. Xiiy aud 17 Juni' lSii> ; 
privn(<; iiifi-ininiticm.] C. (i. M. 

GOLDSMITH, FRANCIS ClfilS-16.V.J, 
translator of 'irnlius, son and heir of Fran- 
cis Ooldcmilh of Sr. (Sili'^Vin-tho-Fiolds, 
Middl«t^x, and crandfwn of Sir i''ninci8 Uold- 
amithoff^yfonl, Kent, was bonion 26 March 
lOIS. and ciiKired ihu Morolianl Taylore' 
•fbool in Septonibcr 16^7, duritiK tbn laiwUir- 
fihip of Dr. Nicliulas dray, ite became a 
(re'itleman-coiiiia'Mii'r of IVnilmikv CylleRe, 
Otford, in It^, but migrated to St. John's 



CaUf||;Of where ho Utak bis d^ree. (Jn I 
Oxfonl bx v»t«<n<d at Gray'a Inn and Aai 
law ffir ««mit vf-un«, but finally mtrratwl 
hie velale at Anhton in Xortuamptonslun 
He iniirriml Mnry, the danphter of Ric 
Scott of Utile I»Mi, K<w«T, and by hi^ I 
two «ona and one daughter, C'Alberine. 
dii«d on 29 Aug. 1655, and if buried with i 
wife and dnugbter iu Ashlon ChurcL. 
Ruker (HmI. of yortAaMplMiaJkirv, u. 1?7 
gives tm!iu«criptio[iauiitb>-ir (^vv«, 'iold 
amith oecu[jied UialeUure bv lrtinftIt>ling|Hil^ 
lioQaofthi' workaof Kugiitimtiue. la lAtl 
Ihere appt^Ln-d in London ' llu{(Onia Onil 
Bapl ixatoriim Piieronim Inarilutio, Alten 

1 Iiilrmi^lionibuii vt R<.«spon«ionibuE,*witb 1 
Uretk (ranidation by CnrwtnjJier Waae of 
Kin^rV College, Cambrid^, and an Knelii^ 
rran^fttinn by (iold»mitb. Thi- book,wliifh 
was to h^* ufi«d &r Rimi, hafi a Lnttn dMica- 
tion by Nicholas Gray to John Ilalev, and 
an flpiKflo in En^isu, also by ("Jrav, 'to 
hia loving and belovisl )>cbolan>,' (ioblamiLh 
and Waee. The fourth edition in m5o nut- 
tainM purtniitv of Orrjtiius nud (ioldcmillL 
There were editions in lOlil' and 1668. la 
iO-ViOoldiimitli pLihlishf>d 'Hii|r<)Ort)tiiLfihic 
Hi>]di(iiii]jiiiii'jui, iir JdHcpb. A Trapi^iij, with 
Annotalionp, By Framiis (lold.°mith, E«lV 
8vo, n, d. At the end of tbe tng«dy, which 

! t^ltM np forty-two piR<^, conw more than 
fiAy yugee of atmotationcy 'slcAncd out uf 
the nch crops of Groliiw and Voaaiua Ihem- 
atdves' addt'd 'fur tbo eatiefaciion of lli» 
Printer . . , to increase lb« bulk.' Th<iaot«l 

, cloisc wirh a tranalatian of the poem, ' Sook- 
niuin nmiiinltcuin Syni'^ii Jniimrif, Cwikk 
mento L'hiriwophi.' Tb«i fiiilow* a new title, 
' Hupi) OrotiuH. bis Coiu-olatorv Oratian to 
lii» Father. Tranxtuted out of th« Latins 
Vetw and Prose. With Kpiiapbs, 4o. Bj 
V\ti.' The epitaphs indicate that tbeautbor 
lost two )>on9. An elftborale doncription of 
the whole volume, with a spwimen of tbe 
Tone of thi? trnnHlAlion, is )fivcn in Coiwer'l 
•Collectanea Anglo- Poutica,' vii. 17. 

[BMidM the authori tJM nt«d aw C. J. Robla- 
Mii'sRi>etat«ror Morchant Taylom'.Snhool, i, 
Haat»d*ii Kaat, i. 20B (whore tliu clat« 
ieKir«iDaelfll2): Wood'iAUiunKOxun.i 
iii. 4(11). l,»S.] R. B. 

00 LDHMITH, TI IfO H OOLVTl-L ( 1 78M 
18Jt), lieutenant in tbn navy, Ann of HoniT', 

mjiinf tln> eldfMl brotherof Oliver Cioldoniui 
the uutbor {(\. v.) A broihcr. Oharlea Oold- 
smiih. wa? a commander in toe navy (179&- 
IRi'l). Hugh waa bom at St. Aodi^wa, 
New nninowick, on 3 ,\pril 178&, and ha\-iiig 
served bin time oa a midMiiproan in tbe nary 
Wtt8 pronmidd lo the rank of lieutenant on 
*27 Jan. I8(X). After the p<taci.' he awmataj 



He awma tOH 



Goldsmith 



85 



Goldsmith 



VOn 
FTpn 



hMVK be«n emplored chiRflv in the iiii-vfiiliTo 

(serricv, aotl in 1624 commiuiiied tiie Nimblf 

ttmiMT cati«r oa th« cixut of ComwAll. 

' On 8 AfFtil, landing otwr tbe hewlland cftllud 

TpRWn CmU# in Mwrcli of Mine Rmugglfd 

nods, ke went up to look at tlio I^gao 

KMdc, S rocldtiK stone which wi>igh» about 

I^^ty latM ; and bcin^ told ili«t ' il wa& 
not iu tln! power of iiian to removi* il,' he 
look tl iiiio his h^ftd to try. Aorordirg^ly, 
wli^n hie iKwl had flai«h>_-d Jraggiug for the 
•mpW'tM g:oo>U, be called hia men up and 
tried to tooTi' th« stODfi witli thnm liand- 
sniluiK. Tht^e were of no aT*iI ; they were 
tuftrefore Uid ■Bid«,and thcni»(>mL>fi, taking 
hold of th»' mck hy tho vdp-, wiihuut jun-nl 
dilSealtjr a^t it in a rocking mnlion, M-LicJi 
became ao gT«at that to try tu i>top il st-vnit-d 
daaprou», Wt it nhuuld f»II bur.k on tlii> 
^ wm. 80 it prenently rooked itself off its 
^■pirot, fallini; away iilioiit thirtT-nini^ inclit'x, 
Vftnd lyinfr incltniKl nn the niljartfut rockit. 
' AcoonlJn^ t«i lioM«inith'« positive statcmmit, 
is a letter to hi« mother wntl<:-n a fi-w iinvt 
utUsmidt {HmteMd Wvri$, lHl>3,yi. 234], 
lie bad no intention or tboug^ht of doing mis* 
^Lehief. lie did not know of the value placed 
^Bca tliv rork by thr- iiKt^htHmHioi'dl, and was 
\ ihtmdenrtruck wh<>n he found the upratir that 
Ilia d«ed oocasioovd. As xoim, luiw<ivxr, aj> 
he naliaed th<- way in which hin eiploit. wim 
regarded, he- di^teruirLtKl to dowbat lie could 
to replace tbe atonn. The admiralty lent 
liim tiirJ(Ie«,»hv«n,»p8UnB,8nd mm. Th<! 
wwk bvuHn on 39 Ucr., and 011 Tueadav, 
;4 Not., th* atone was again in in place, lock- 
'iiw as bcfoTv, though wK<ahvr hvtl«r or wotm 
in dinpatMl. LilJingrapbt^d riewa of the pro- 
of ivplacinff the Etoae were publiehcd ut 
IVnaanic* in 1^24, Jlanv rommnn atalt^* 
ta about the matter are aiitkontsiirulT 
lenied. (ioldsmith waiiuevi.T pr<iniot«d, and 
t» li«(iti.''Datil commanding th<> Mennradied 
at we off St. Thomas in tii« West Indies on 
8tkct. 1841. 

[Otut. Mag. 1821, vd. sciv. pt. i. pp. Sfi3. 
AiH: B»uH> atxf CottKBay'ii BibI Coniati. 1. 184; 
Hinfit"H Wop)*, ri. 234 ; StoekOaki's Exeunitin 
(naall aditionV p IKI; TfaeOo1d«o CbereCHDcw, 
OrdMLo)^ Itodi Bealarvd.bjaa OSIeerortlM 
BMnllI«v7<l'enmaeR, 1624, llnio),ii a detailed 
and mmewhat tacfaniml aaoant. of the reatora- 
Iron.] J. K. L. 

OOLOBHITH, LEWIS (!76:i?-im81, 
ical wrilpr and journalist, was of I'orlu- 
iraeM^i>iviiih nstraction, and wih pr^ibnbly 
Dotn at ICichmnnd, f^urrer. Hp i^ wid to 
have bwn educated at il<'rcliant Tovlont' 
Sdool. Tliough trainrd for thi" le^l pro- 
haioa in ■ toiiettor't oflioe in London, hi; 
nn-ar pTscliaed in England. Anard«-nt sym* 



^■Iron. 
PfoUi 




pathiAer with tbv I-'rancb revolntjan, and & 
frvemason initiated iuto tb« mystvriwt of the 
Illtiminati, he woa innenuany in 1792, wit- 
n«9JM.'d I \iv aiai|it uri! of Frankfori by tbe Hea- 
aiunfl, aiid wom iIt!H<iimnnl, a* be fuiyn, by lbs 
Itritiiih lunbuseador for arrettr, hut, having 
mwnvtiil timely waminf, re|iair«d to Hun- 
burg, and tb«nc« to Pnliind. He wae a ^eo- 
tator of the strugiile of \'!\Ki, was commi»- 
Hioned hv Koj«ciu»l(0 to write to Lord Stan> 
Iio|)e an j to a Mr. S. (iHltcridani') wliciting 
Rntiflh intervention, and on the ntippreitflioD 
of lb« I'olisb rifting witnt to llollatid. Hn 
ia eaid to Imve been conuecLed witii the' Al- 
bion.' uiiowt^poper friendly tu Fnmce,HtiiPted 
in I7U!), but hiH name drieK nnl appvar in it. 
Id 1801 he published 'Tlifil'ri DIM nfOfthineto, 
or a Krvui'w of the llimit and Aggrssvlona 
for Annihilal.in^ the. I. ilii-rtii-siif Franca, and 
the I)lHiDeinl)ermeiit of bi-r Tcrritoriafl.' Ap- 
pnihcnHive of h protwcntinn fnr this attack 
■i|ion the war witli Kmni'i.', h« wi'^t to Paris 
in tlieMimnier of IH02, intendtn^ to ttut un 
Ktij^liMb ma^uinc, and relumed to London 
to conferwith booksellers but wuft ankvd by 
Otto, with whom hi> was on intimate lerma, 
to go back to I'uris and diK«iiade the ^\era' 
luenl from demanding Ihe miiuliii); of tba 
English press. Talleyrand there introdured 
him to Naipoleon , bv armnfri.'Oieiit with whom 
he eAia^liAhed * Tbi^ Argnt4, or London re- 
viewed in Paris.* Tbe title was evidently 
Ixirrowr-d fmm his friend Simpson Perry^ 
' Argus,' which Perry, on miiriiig to France 
in Ii92, contemplHti^ contiiiuiiJ({ at Paris. 
It npi>nar*>d three times a week, nnd limnA 
at eirciilaiion iu Knuflund. Ooldstnith state* 
that in February lHO:t, on reftiaing to insert 
arliclv» vilifying ibe Ku^lisli ruyal family 
ttiid govi-mment, lii> wan arrested, tvaa incar- 
ccrati'd for furty^ei^ht hours in a loathsaaie 
cell, was tlK'u liiken to Hicppe in the hope 
that Peltier would be f^iven up in exchange 
for him, and hnd jitst eloarea the harbour 
when enunter ordi-rii anivftd, whereupon be 
was taken buck to Paris, and was invited to 
resnini; the i:;dil<orsli ip. This be declined, 
but be accepted a luiMiion to bribe Qerman 
BtAtt?«men, and to obtain firom the future 
Louis XVIII a n^nunciation of claims on 
Knuico in return for the Ihrunvof Poland. 
On Lonifl's refusal, ttoldamitk Mtya he r^ 
ooiTod fresh inrtniclionfi to kidnap hira, and 
to kill him if he restoled, which in«fniction« 
lie dianbeycil, but remained H>mB months at 
Warituw, and ci>nvi>Tixi k warning to i^ouia 
that his life was nor aafe, whereupon the 
, prinrv uuitled the town. OntdBoiith, though 
] rcpmwlied by Namh'^fm for not executing 
I this 'mission of blood,' woj still employed 
I by him, was once antnuted with two oiillion 



Goldsmith 



86 



Goldsmith 



fmuos iQ be cmulojed in briber}', vnd wm 
com [wl led lo follow NbikiIooii to Boulopifl, 
in order that. Aiistrin mig'ht bft deludM bv 
iIif; preK-nJvd i-xpi'ililion H{|itiin«t KiigUna. 
Il« vroA proM-nr »( thi' bnttic of Krlaii, and 
bis nocuional misFioiis Iiistud froiurvbniur}' 
IH03 to Junp !»07. thiriiiji tliis [wriod be 
waa inHjq)n.>tiT to the I*arui tribuimle, and 
in IBOri ht> |iri'pHn-i| ii Kn-iirli tninnliition 
nf Blackstniif, wbirU, ibouffh inBdvcrleittly 
C)iiun«tid«d by (he 'Mi^iteur.' wue aiiRrily 
suppremted b; NapoK'nn. I/in^ A.nxinufi to 
lesTS Fnnoe, bcwft^ allowed in ISOV to em' 
ho.rk at Ittinkirk in a vc*,*«l bound for Amt- 
riai, wliicb, howi'ver, latidi>tl him ul Dcnr. 
i» yingbitid be * siiflTaivd sniuf tt.-m]x>niiy in- 
DUUTOuii'iKX' tiri<l rcHlriLJut [iiiijiriouiiinftiil iu 
Tatbill Kii-ld*], but Imd n-BJton to \m uil isfii^d 
witb tht" trefitment of tlie Kiiglisli ^iivi-ra- 
luont, mill tn tliuiilt Ood tliat hv was buru 
nitbiii lb* \m\c of tU'> HtijfliNli consritutioii.' 
HvlbistimebL' had bl^conle Hlirtiialh-cunH) 
ofbiofiyrnpntliii-vwitb r<-jiulilii'iiniKtn,un(llind 
foruind a nwled aiitipatny tn Nivpitleon and 
hispluis. Ilebwiimi>HDotiiryit]I>>i)di>n,pi]V 
lished in 1^00 an * Kxpofutioii of iht' Conduct 
of France towards Amorica,* and in January 
181 1 ««1fibliKboil i> Simdny ni-w.*piii>".'r. 'Tbt- 
Anti-UallicKu Mijiiitor aiid Anti-(\in*iciii» 
Cbroiiicte,' wliiL-b, with ultered titles ('Anti- 
C/irnican Monitor' in 181-4, and ' Hriiisb Moni- 
tnr'in 1818), w-u- r<>ntiiiui^] till ]H-2r,. QaU- 
tmiit\i's dpniinrintions. not onlyof the Frcncli 
rerolutiou, but of Euplicb sympathiseni, pn>- 
Tokt-d fierc* rKriminfllinn*. H* hdd oroM 
nations for IiIk-I with I'ltrry, wbn, be sar^, 
wa» KiibomMl hv Nspolpon to ((ice jrarbled 
pxtract^ from hi.'« eorro.'«]«ndcnct' diirinfr bi« 
tniMionii. I'l^rry, IwiiiK obowu To be the 
aj^^reuior, vrat Awardt-*) a fortliiiiK dainn^cfi. 
wbvTDUp'ju t.toUlMiiilh drO|)]it'd \»i own suit. 
lliMjiropoAal ill 1811 lor ft subscription for »t- 
lini; a pricH on Nniiulunn'^ lii>nd was brought 
before tb<^' HiniBiMit l^irdK by KmH (inty, ww 
r(*prnhati*fl by Ibft poTfimmpnt, who prnmiaed 
if pcMible to brin^ thv niithor to condii^rn 

Siiniflbnicnt, and vtm r'>niMtpu-)}T ly nbnn- 
vaai. (Joldsmitb, however, tubaequentlv 
issued an appcnl 10 tlioiifiniian:) in tuvourof 
tvmnnicidii. In 1811 he published ibf' Secret 
lliMory of (he Cabim-t of nonHunrte,' and 
'Keoneil dea M&nifei'li'is, or a Collection of 
tbu UucnNM, &c, of Napoleon HoniiiHirlv,' 
and in 181ii the ' Scent t llistory of lionii- 
[lart's Diplomacy.' TbccbarKv^of d'_-bauchvrr 
MJid utiitrni[mIouan<?&a hroit^bt by biin against 
Napoleon have found at least partial credence 
witJi rm-t-nt wrileni, Nn]HtIi-<>n cprtninly 
wtno<Ml undftr theee nttaclce. and, aocnrdine 
to OoldsTiiitb, otrei«d him 200,000/. in 1812 
to discontinue them. About 1818 Goldsmith 




I was introduced to Louia XVUl, wl 
utoration b^ warmly sdvocaled. In 1^14 be 
translated Camot's ' Memorial/ and in \Slb 
he published ' An A|»pe«i to ihi- Oorvi 
mcnis of Rurop» on the newasily of bringiil 
Na])E>U-o» Bona|>srti.' ton public triflL' 
WaUTloo be iLdvoont«d an alliance 
France as England'a naltinl ally, and 
flared ibnt tin- IhnT Kiuiti-rti powrrw, the : 
titionere of Poland, had in arn^t de^ 
sort-pd his early strictures. lie visit«ilj 
in May 1Sin, and sf^in in NoTt^mber 
when a French paper denounced hiut 
bftTinir CAhironistrd the nrmy in bin '('at 
nei ontonspurti!.* Ooldfrniib rcpijdint*-d ll 
FrriMcb Imialation uf tbal book an contaii 
iiig inKrr^ulations undbhindrrf, but found it 
necesaiiry to rwrtina (In- ('httnnel. Hi* nrwa- 
paper, laili>rly II warm "upporler of R<ibi^ 
Owen, having bi>cu ^iven iip ^ April I8il 
Qoldstnilh retiinn-d to Pnri*. wlirri', hin dii 
claioiBr uf the tr4|i»lati»n heinR acc«^nt«d. i 
nueutmi^nlfi having difrcl out, rii* Hiiffurpd i 
nialeptatinn. Ht^ wapintPrnn-ter lo thf Tr 
bunnl of Oommerce till 18^1. foiindeMl tl 
phon-livnd Paris 'Aronitor.'nnd piib1i»hcdi 
18^l' ' Statistics of France,' so good a di^ 
thitl a French t ranslat ion appeared the folloi 
ing year. In'lB37 bis only child, (icor^uu,^ 
married lyjrd Lyndlmrat [»e CoPLET, JoRjl 
SmcLRTOs.lbeyoiinffpr}. A sketch ofBuim, 
wilhwhonilic wai'intimuteiti m)J-9, which 
appeare^l in tbf'Tiraw'of 1^11,1* atthbul 
to tlohlsrailh hyBarfere's bio^apher. Car 
H*^ diwl of n«.Faly>iii st Pari* on H Jan, li 
The'Timew ptftl^-d llini hewasspTrnty-lhr. 
or seventy-four, bnt con.teaip<irarieA descril 
him as in cxlrcinc old a^. FTc had latterly 
been solicitor to the Ilritiidi<!iulmi«>y,and bad 
cbargvof the lefl^rs and packages for I'jigliah 
re^idvntK. which in thcwcday»of higbpa«t«ge 
were franked^ the emba«y. 

fMl^mphirfil mattAT Bcatt«rsd t 

Sipvr and puiuphlpli ; P»r1. Hist 
lot;, des Ilonunw Viraul», 181] 

GOLDSMITH, OLIVFU 

fioet. second acin and flilb 
irildsmith, by bi§ wife, Am 
Hi'V. OliviT Jones maslft 



^rlifvoi at FlTjiiln, ws^ bo 

]ta1lTTnahon,Lnn^ord, 10 

i. UV Uburlfi' Goldsiuit 

waa at thi* limi' ciirnlf 

kiinuy AVcM. He b1m> fi^r 

Hi» otht-r childrt-n wn- Marnn-t (ft, 171 

Cstherine, bnm 13 Jan. I7:il ffilrs. Ho 

Hfti ry, bora 9 Feb. 1 7l'-J orj , 2;j. died J 

l"rtft; Janv, bnro befon:' Olivi-r; Man 

bom 7 JuW 17.H6; (Hiarles, bom It) Aug. 

1787; and John, bom 1740. In 17aOChArll— 




17jlOChArl^H 



GoMsmith 



67 



Goldsmith 



I Goldn 

I ■ ' .. 



Goldnnitli b«:iiiue rector of KilkvnnT Vfmi 
kkml nH^llt-il At LiitMn-. Oliver li^amt his 
lietujn fTutn a Mn. IXcflup. who tbou^ht liim 
' unpvQetnihly vtupii).' WliPti «ix ysam old 
lie wBA •ml 10 tbi^ r>Il«{r<^ i^rhnol kept hy an 
old M)]di«r, ThoQiM Dvrn^. described in tlw 

* I>MenM] VUla^.' Goldsmiili, thoiijch bhd 
at liis Imcuu, rMd cUiipb(K4», lintt-ued to 
tbi> bnllul* of the pMMDtrv. and mudt^ his 
first atuuopls at rbvinc. His siit«r. Un. 
HmLwn, s«yo that faii ww always acriobting 
venea bofofv he could writf legibly (i^/ry 
Sbntoir, p. 4). A bai;l nitnck of Kmall-jJiix, 

rwUcti \tn * iwrnuinfnt dUtigiii^mc^nt, ititf?r- 
rspted bia scuoohn);, anci he was al^trrwnrclii 
pheed uibdvr ft Mr. GnDin at l*;ii)hiu aclian], 
vhvru be bctfsn to be tiotict^ for bis el«v«r- 
saaa. ilia uther's utran* wcrv strained by 
Uie cost of kcff in;; t\n- eldest aon Httnry at 

• cbkuical mIioo). Id'latian^ now came for- 
ward aud enabled Olivu to be plucod about 
1739 at a wbuul tn Alhluuv; «hi,-nc«, two 
^rar# lnt4-r, hti wa« moved to the school of 
i'airick Ilusbcs to Edgvworthflvwii, Luii);- 

fferd. Tbt' Incnl ]ini-t^ D'Carolaii tiiid \av- 

^mtcf) Whjn*. wlioee son26 were popular iu 

country, are euppwwo to bttvp intfn-j-tKd 

Cioldainilb. who wait nfiir Hhowin^ derided 

\fTtMMU»e. Wben tinally goiiw' boon; lit* wnii 

]a«ut (ashiaiiist«r fay*) by iiToiiy Lumpkin 

[of lht> district to a t^llcnumV huuM.-(»] prt> 

)l'^ncf tluit it wait an iiin. TIm inridt-nt aug- 

1, if it 14 not dfrin-d fmin, tliv plot of 

IVtoc>pslwconi{iirr'{I'RiiiR,i. 47:c'r! (Imt. 

. j.1«'J0,p, 650,t. Hislirolherllenrvhad 

inam-'d •-*rrv.af^erotitailitii|;a echolikrauip at 
Trinity C"U<Tf, Publiti, nnil h-1 up a achiwl 
nt»x liu bth^ir. Oni* of Ilt-nrvfi pupib, tlio 
•on of a Ticb oeiehboiir, I)nnii<I Ilodaon, pri- 
iiMely married bia tarift Oithcrin<!. Thi^ clititr 
Ocddanitb, to Acns ihet he bad not been in- 
triguing for ■ rich son-in-lnw, cngnet^d to 
pay • manio^ port>»ii of -KHU. to hid dAugb- 
l»r. The Kiint, which wiu- double the annunt 
ineoiue of thi> rectorv, madu i^conomy ne- 
CHMLrj'. It u-a« ll)iin-l(>r<- diiidi-t] tbal Oliver 
■hoDia an to Tnnitir ar a i^itar, hiH bntbtir 
: Men a ponsnim-r. 11" wa" only iii- 
imiboiit hv t)if {wrfliia-iinniif Thotnas 
iiwuW, husband of bis fatbi^r's ^i^tvr. who 
klrniay btrli-'^) lo ^ncatr him and waa 
frit^nd thmufrh lif<r. nnld.tniil h waa entered 
■I Triniiv UoIWge U June 1744. He wa«n 
contcinporarr. bnt probably n»t anB<H]unint- 
iaoe,olEdniund Hurke. Iiin tuior was the 
RtfT. Theaker Wilder. an ablomath<Tin(iti(.'ian 
ftsd ft Kon of KiiQv giH.Hj ((Uftliti«», but alwaya 
harah, and at tiiu<-!t brutal. Goidomitb felt. 
th4' hiimiliationRof aaiMrVl•(^fiition,ftnddi»- 
^^ Uked lliv malhenialteal anil liifpciil *tudiM. 
^^Hit btiwr dif^ eariy in 1747. By the help 

^ ^ 




of Cuntarine and other ivlatJons be was able 
to struggle on, but he had ofI«n In pawn bi« 
books, find ocuasionuIlT eamod u litilo by 
writing Atnwl.btillads which he sold for ii. 
apiec^'. In May 1747 he wm admonished 
for abetting a riot, in which iwme bailiff 
wcrt' dwekt-d in the «>llcffo cistrrm, the four 
^inl;leadl'r^ U'iiig t'XlJvlIeiL In Juni* 1717 h« 
tried for a acholBrahin, and tbougb he failed 
obtftiiivd u SmylU I'xliibitiun of about 3(V. 11 

J ear. ll« gave a Kiipp«r anct a dnnit- lo celt^ 
rate \af> Rocceen, when hia tutor entered tha 
roiim in a ragQ and BtdminisUred 'prnwoal 
rhnatiaement. Ooldamith nnld h).i books and 
nin away lo Cork, bur. want of funds eom- 
jirllM hijn to rttum lo his hrotht-r llenn'. 
who patched up a recouciliaiioD with llio 
tutor. 

His Inter carwr, though not dijitin^ishodf 
wa» so far tucceaHful that b« obreined the 
B.A. degree 'U Feb. 1749. A pnnc of glaaa 
on wbii£ Lu had ecntwled liiu iiume is now 
preaerTed iu the manuMcript room of IVinity 
College. Uia farolher was aliil liriug at 
I'nUiLa : bin molhir nun iti a Kmall hoime at 
Ballymnhoni onA hia hist<'r, Mr^'. Hodmn, 
wilh her husband at Lissoy. ilia mother 
ditti in 1770, hlimi iund i-rior. Prior (11. 299» 
sufiicienttv refutes b Murj' told by Norlhcotw 
(L'fe "f ilrt/nMilt, i. 21 1 1 which suggi'tittt a 
want of fL-nlint.' in Imr son's cnndui^t. Gold- 
Kiuilh fi>r Mini*- tiiurr led an miH-llted life, 
oecofinnallT helping in his brother's t^chool, 
or joining in »p.)n. with hi" brothrr-in-law. 
He dit-liiKil to lnVi> orderti, or, acivirding to 
one Htnry. the bisbnp to whom h» prvBvnted 
hinmelf bad hi>Hnl "f collegu pranks or 
was Blioekfti by his * .scarlet breeclies.' He 
haunted lite inual. llallTtnahnn, told stories. 
jilaTcd the fliit*-, nnd tim'w ih^i liaimner at 
viUiigi- tiMirlH. liisujieleContannegot him 
a tutorship with a Mr. flinn. Tircdof ihiK. 
hi! DlurtiMl, ppividi-d with a bormi and -KU.; 
Wild thr hoiHv at Ciirk to pay for a ^aaaage 
to AmeriDft. Ilien bv miiwod bid ship, mud 
afti'r various iulv«nlure» got home witbout ft 
p*'nnv, and with a wretch*^ haek in pLuw 
of Lia home. Prior (i. Hit) givtw a r«(t«r 
from Goldaniith rontaiiiing thisKtorr, wliicht 
however, reads sufpiciouely like the fragment 
of a norel, Contarin* next supplit^ Gold- 
emith with IfSL Ix) start as. a lawyer in Lua- 
(!on; and Goldsniith retMmeci aftrr liwiag 
the monoy at a I>iihlin gaming-hnun'. At 
last, bv the help of his unrle. brother, and 
siftter, be was enabk-d to start for Edinburgli 
to vtudy Djedii'LUe. He arrived there in tnt> 
autumn of 17r>'J. On 13 Jan. 1763 hfl became 
ft member of a student*' club called 'Tbe 
Medical Hociniy.' He lung Irish aongs.told 
gWHl jitnrieA, uftdfl mimy friendit, and wcotv 



Goldsmith 



ss 



Goldsmith 



l«tt«n winch alivady ohnw hU ohAruMerifttit! 
«tjle. ilv maAv s trip to the bigbUnd^ in 
i1j6 spring vf 1 753, but Hit* Scot* and llivir 
ooTintry witm not vi'ry conji»^niftl in liiiilMtcfl. 
Uti fipealii Willi mpiwl of Alexander Monro, 
rhe profoMor ofatiutoniy, hul goon dMided to 
tinitfiL hi* atudivH on tli« continvnl. At t]iv 
<<n(l of 175!t he etnrTi?^. iiitcudiitg to go to 
Paric Kud L>*V(lcti. IIt.> uat^ ri'li'UA'd by two 
frifmli*,SI'-i(;iL aiiil I jiiiclilaii Marli^aui- [ n. v.], 
fVnmniifbt iTiciimd on bt<hnlf ofa friend, nii<l 
gtuluil for lt<ir>:l«Hit)i. 'i'luf iiliiptrHit ilrivHii iiiLu 
Ni^wMstb', wliPTV Cirtldsmith went aflhore 
with Hginu 1:011111*1110111!, and the wbole purtj 
WW ftrT>:«t*si nil hiiBj>u'i'>n uf having lie>cii ■>n- 
linin^ for ibe French (ixTvic« io Scollosd. 
GoldHmilli was in prison for a furtntzht, 
duriug which thai iihtp siiiU^d and was Tost 
wiih all th* crew. He found another dhip 
•utilinff for Itotlitrdnni, took a pA«M|r(; and 
went to J^eydeii. llvrv ho woa U-frioiidvd hy 
u ffllow-i-omitmnan nam«^ Ellis. KeftOfWi 
Mrt oB' oti a fiveh juumvy, HtiiuulattMl ]i>7rhiipe 
1>T tln! prrt^odtTjf iif Bjiron HiiIImtr (llt84- 
17S4I, whose iraveU he describes in hia 
■ Polit" Lpaminp' (rh- t. ) Kllidlftif. him a 
SIUaII anm, whirVi he )(|h^»1 iijion f^nme hiilhfl 
for hiB uncle Contarine. lie started with 
' om- clMn nhirl ' iind next lf> no monpT. 

The accouiilH f^von of li» IniTela are of 
doubtful nut lienlirity. TKhv have h*»'n cou- 
Hinici.*»d from tbfl Mory of liwtrge Primrost! 
ill thi} ' Vicar of WHlcrtiHld,' iiKiiiititm) Io bi> 
ftiitobtompbica] Arom orraAionRl hinla in 
hia booKs, and from reports of bin cunvwrsa- 
tion and tnissin^ tcl.lfni- rHildHinith pro- 
hfthlv aniniwMd himi^lf with 1 raTellervi' lalee, 
taken toosenoiislv bvliislnmids, HentartwH 
nbout Kpbruar>- 176ft; bin bioirraphi^re Imw 
biiu to [yfiiv'siii, Io I'Hrin. Straaourn, (ier- 
iitany. and .Switzerland ; tliencc to Italy, 
whvre Ik- i* i^uppov.^ t'j liftvo vidited \>niw, 
Kud tiihavfiittidietlat Padua for 'six months' 
{ Wurk*. 161 -J, i. A6 ), to Corinlbia ( monl ionul 
in lhn'Trnvi-Unr'>, nnd ba«rk thn)ti>!b Kraiire 
to Rntrlnnd, landing at Dover I F^-b. 1769. 
II«^ i» naid to have ucted ae tutor to a Fl.inuy 
iiiipil, i*itbi'-r ('mm Pnris tn Switmrland, or 
Imui C^eneva to Marw-illes; but be travelled 
t-hii-rty on fixit. payinf; for thr ho^pilaliTy of 
|iraiKruilrt by pliiyin}; on hi^ tlnic In Italy, 
where every peaAaul plav^l hotter than him- 
Mlf, he «npport«d himsi-lf by di«piirinff at 
iiiuv«niti«a or c'>n\>-i)t.''. It M.-i.'iiif very 
improbable that (lobkuiilh could have dis- 
|*ulH to any purpiiK'-s or thai difputation wiir 
then at all proHlahlf. PfrltH|i!i tlin nn«"ilote 
wtte puggtieted by 'tht' Admirable Oichton.' 
Ilv ia n>purl>*il to hn\f laki/n lln-M.It, dr^nri- 
ut \jivatun (tlUiTijH). nr afrain at Padua 
(U'Donuell in Pkcom, ii. H4fl). lie Mye in 



bi« ' PoIitA LeaminfT* (ch. vtii.) uid 'Per 

that he had bvard cbeininl tecturw in Par 
unci in No. 2 uf the ' li«e ' he descrilie* tt 
rictinj; uf Mile. Cluiron. In the * Animate 
Nnliire' (t. 2(1") he upwhn of walks round 
Paris, of havini; tlunhed woodcocks on i.ho Jut 

iiiJuneandJuiv, and of having ''^■i theU 
froEon at Srhaff hauM-n. I (e A[>f«ks of h<! 
\oltBire talk in 'liie house at .Monrioo,' nvt 
Ijiiiiunni', Htid in hu>' l.if« of Voltaire 'gii 
a di-taiW nrrnnnt of a convemtian at Pam 
between Voltain', Hidwot, and Konli-nflit' 
V'nltain-wftgpiTiftiniy in Swili'-rland dnrinir 
Ibe whole of 17^5, aiid (ioldsuiith may have 
socn him nl Monrion : hat Diderot WM oer- 
tatnlv HI Pariit ; l-'ontttnulle, then ii^ei 96, 
could not possibly have t>keD the part (V- 
»cribed bvMoIdxinilh; and tho oonveieatiflo, 
for whicu (iold^mitli vovcJie*, Tau»t be lei 
down SA pore fiction. 1I» was no doubt, in 
SwilztTlaud, Padua, und Paris; btil alldet 
are donhtful. 

He reachod I.,ondon in ffrwit dwliluli* 
Hlorinii ant told that hi' trird acting (pfl 
bablv an influence from hie ' Advenliirw <^i 
Strolling Pliiyer' in the' British Mnj-axini!' 
and that ho was urthi^ in n roitnirrivhi: 
(T. CAUrBBU., JIMoriml Jiuriiy of 'SoulA 
Ireiand,pp. 2W(J-!*). lie bccanir lutsirtUnl Io' 
s chetiii«t Danifd Jitcob on Kish Street Hill- 
After a tim« he met hi- fneiid I'r. ^leiffb, 
whon^eived hrm kindlv, und be mana^^to- 
wt u]> UK a iihyKictan in ItauliKidw, Southward. 
He told a mend(PBl«K,i.3l6)t1ut he'wa* 
doinc very well ; ' hut bis drms was tanuibtd 
am) hit. vbirt a fortnijj^il old. Itt-ynnlds (ib.) 
rppMited an aneedole of the pains vhid) ha 
took to carry bid hat Mi as to conrenl a paltjl 
in bin mnt. From tlit t>taTement nf an old 
Edinbtinjh friend (Dr. Fan) it api>"»iT that 
he had wriltm a tratfdf, whicn he had 
showii to Uiclniplton, unci that be bad a 
AchMne for travelling; to Mount Sinai, to de- 
cipher ihu ' wriilttn inonntains.' A iMlai7 oT 
.'UK)/. piTnriinuu hud hMii l«ft for the ptupoM, 
Boswell snyfl ihnt he had been a 1 " 

llie pTiiiA. iHtKiihlT I" Kirhardaon. Al 
end of 1 7ftli be fierame nsher in a 
Peckhum kepi bv I^. Mitner, a diMOati 
miniiflcr, wha*^ djtiipbtrr and one of wfc 
piipilx, Samuel Iliiihop, preeened a few tradi- 
tionn of bin flr»i».playinfr. bin fun with tj 
Ixiy. niii! litu pwuninry inilx'cilily. Milne 
Hon bad known (inldiinilh at Edinburgh.! 
I>r.Mi1nerwantitl<m aMiMant.on sccouirtaf^ 
an illne»« which pr<:>ved fatal not long after 
(/Vrn/ jWrwioiV, p. 4o|. At Milner^n bouM be 
I met u buokF«IliTnHniC!d<<riilitb8,pn.<priietoraf 
I 111.*' Monthly Review," one of Ibe chief ppfio- 

j dicals of the dar. liirly in 1 757 he Ufrreed to 

I lodKC with Ciriffitlis and work for lh« re»ii 




3m 




Goldsmith 



89 



Goldsmith 



Alaa'aile^ualAMiluy.* Ueoootril>ut«lm*n^ 
mi«ceIlAnMiu6 articlM (rmu April lo Septum- 
her 1757, the U»t bewK a review of timy's 
• Ddea ■ in S^jitember 1767. He ftl»o rorirwed 
Hnmr'§ ■ l>aDplw.' Burkv'e -Ou tliv Sublime 
And Kcaiitirul,' Smollett'* * IlistorT.' aod 
WilkieV • Kjfu^niud.' Both Grifiilue mkI 
hia wiTe i^lit^d}!!* jwiii-n rvmonwl«ia)y, aod 
CJoldMtnitli b''cainc diejTUKted. He prvnblf 
coDtribuiMl toother pHpem'.nnd wan engaged 
m B iransUti'ui of ttit- 'Mtmnirs ot Jvui 
Mart<-illir ' of Brrt-trin;, wtucb wo* pubtislw^i 
by*»rilliihMinilI»illviiil'Vbn)»r7 17A'"'. Afti-r 
U9iviBg<;rilF)llu< iKn-lunivd fur aiiueioDr. 
Milnvr. A li-tt»fr to h'la brotlier-iD-Un-, Hod- 
win.afr'cOHniberl'o'MyHllwibcWMiiiaking 
m Mhifl to Vtvp hj s ' vn-v littli> |>raclice a» a 
physician, and a Terr litlle rfmilaliun iw a 
poet.' tliavuiiu^ffrbrullirrCliarlMWavpajriti^ 
iiiin ■ visii, promiitnl bv an eironeouB itnpr^a- 
aionof bis proeperilv, which 80011 ti-nuinutvd, 
- Tlir»?*l'-t|*r»,writtenin AiijTHut K-Vilofriiudft 
in IrHUnd.Mhnwtfaat li«wa8tiyin^'toget Hub- 

tacribfTA for bis ««say *(!hi thp Prtuent 8tiitr- 
nf Taat« and LiicTitiirv in Kurope^' which 
wa* th«i piiiiK tbritui{!i ibe [iiv». He wiis 
alill bopiug looblatii an a{>pjinlmi^Dt aftphy- 
urtan and (turn<on tti u fiicf-n.' on ibe coaat 
nf Commandel. Tbi> api-oinlment wa» oIh- 
tain-^ lliro(i|rli Mibur. Iltr would liavu a 
■alarv of MVV. a jear, and tbtf pnulicc ira» 
wortii I.IXK)/. Win ty>r>k wna to jmy for hii; 
pamatfe. >Jn ii\ IVc. I7W be wa* examiiti^ 
at .Sofpi.-oim* I Inll (or o c<-rtitio«to a« ■ hoApilal 
IDBU * and fnurid ' not quahllitd.* Alibougb 
bU boMs of the luditin appointioenl anrvived 
ftir fe inm? (Prior, i. '2^7), br waa henceforth 
m <l(KmiM to W a liti/rary hack. 
W IWdeiuilb had borrow^ a suit nf ctothea 
fromitriJliibH in onlcr to nppi'arOt-ccnllybt^ 
fnre hi» luaminen. lie contribute in rtluru 
foar articles to the December nutubirr of (hu 
' Mnntlilv Rt-riew' to »bow hix ^>n»iludiv 
^loldsnit^ wa«drivi*n to |iawn tbcwclotht'ii, 
aad Oril&tba auspected bim of barinp aim 
nfaamr HHik* K'liicli(nii fioblMniib 
) were od pawued, but were ' iu tbv 
ody of a friend from wh^iin be bad bor- 
rowed aomti nonry.' A letter toGriflithapro- 
Iniain;! re(iaT«wnt (INloR, i. i8ff> in Juniiar^- 
\7rtfi upprar* to liavi- led to nimn rrcuncilia- 
tion. iJoMmiicb wr*'te a c«tch|K'iiDv ' Lifu 
if Voltain-.' for whifb CriHitbs paid '201., 
and wbicb wait ndvr.TtiM.-d fur publjcalion in 
FriiniarT. It ultiinntdv came out in tlic 
' Lady's Magazine * ( edited bv Ooldsmith ) in 
I70i. An at tar k niion (inidnmitb. bowever, 

Iappi«refl in ibtf 'M'mthlv l^viitn'' on thi^ 
uppramncv of bia • rplitw Litt-raturc,' wntt«ii 
Inr KMiridc, who bad utircrt-dixt bim a» writer 
m all warh fnr (iriffilhH. Altlinu)^ aome 




apulngj was nfl«nrarAB mode, cotdialit; waa 
ovver reetor«d. 

(ioldetnilh had now taken a lodging in 
1-2 (ireen Artx>ur Court, between the Old 
Hailer and Fleet Market, a final] yard a|K 
proauicd by ' Breakneck 8tep«.' A printof 
it is in th«* European AbuDiiJitf'furJauuarv 
IS<)3(}<BrtiallyreprocIucea>u>'oitSTEB, it*??, 
i. Io4). The wtirt waa dwintyed by the 
London, Ohatbaiu,aud Dover Railway (for a 
dmcriplioDweAo/Mdncf CFu^nMiSnifltn-. ni. 
233). Ht!Tt b<^ u<wd to mll»^ thi* cfaildn^n 
lodunc^ to hi^ flui«, and made fVi^nd# with a 
rlfvrr WBtf-hmnker. IK- waa beKiDiiiiiu towto 
aome reputation «s a writi.-r. The " Lnquiry 
into tbe I're»ent State of I'olilv Letimingr iu 
Kurfipc ' npp<An.-d in April 1750. ITif infur- 
mation is, of coun«, acquired for the nonce. 
Tbe book sliows ptr^siniiMic viewg a» to Uiu 
ainte of liierntiire, which is naturally ullri- 
buted to tbe inaditjuate rcmunerstioo of 
ttutbora. It attracted aome notice, and Bom«> 
uaeful visiion^ ixmi' to Unwo Arbnnr CooR. 
AnioDff tliem wnti Thnaitui Ptvry [q. t,], after- 
wanla binbouufDromore, who had t)r*'n intro- 
duced to (iiildsmit h bv JntniTaOraingiT Tq-vJ, 
aoantributortothe'Monilil)' ](t:vie«v.' l^e>fcy 
waM collectinff materiiib for ilui ' KeliiiueB,' 
and OoldBtnil n Rhared bia love of old Iwllada. 
]Vn.-y found only one cluiir in (ioldfunith't 
room, and a ueigbbuiir «vnl a child during 
Ilia viail lo borrow 'a rhambi-rpoi full of 
cuala.' Suiullflt, nuother ncquainiuucv, waa 
at thin titnti connwtH with the '(.titiral 
Kcvi«w,' lo wbicli (ioldiunitb contributed 
a few arlii'lrK in 17'>7-9, and in 1700»lari«d 
the ' Itritiah Magaxine,' for which ( ioldamttli 
aloi wrote, lie wa)> vniployvd on three 
iM-rifidicjiU started in this year, Ibe * ].«dy'a 
Maf;a:iine,* the • life,' and tbe * Bunybody/ 
flf which ibo first imnibcm nppeare«l on'l, 
a. and fl (.k-t. 1759 reBpeciively. Tlie 'R«e' 
only lasted through eight weekly uumbera. 
•if which Uuldeiaith waa the principal if nNt 
tlin m)Ih iiuthor. His eoulriuuiioDii to the 
' Rriii.xh MagaEine ' in 17(iU utv said lo have 
iiicbidi-d -The History of Mr».St«iii(on,' which 
ha-t \nvn n-eard«d a» the germ of lb<^ ' Vicar 
of Wakefield.' ilr. Auntin Ibiliffon, with 
apjMirvnt reason, douhia the aiil)tnn>hip. Ha 
left the 'Itriiiish Mafpurine' for a time 10 
edit lh« ' Lady> Slu^inzine,' but appeaffi lo 
kare aftorwardi) t-ontributrd a M-rie* nf ar> 
ticlea on lh« 'BLlU'e-I^lires, which began 
in Jnlv 17(11, nud nmiinnixl with intervals 
uulil 17US. Another periodical to which 
h«i-onIributi.-d wa» DtKld's ' duistian Maga- 
sine.' 

(ioldwmitb had fonued a moru inpuftant 
cnnnectinn with John Newbcry, bouSuAlbir, 
in St. Paul'* Churcbvard. He is ncntioned 



Goldsmith 



90 



Goldsmith 



inUie* Vtmruf Wnkeliuld'^ob. xviu.>«»Uie 
'philBiitliropic bookfti'ller' who liaa 'writtpn 
60 many little "hnoVn for children.' N«wbtT7 
»lutL'd (In? • I'ublit; l^wlger,' a newnnnper of 
wbicti ihc first number nppciLiTd 12 Jan, 
1700. lit; cngngwa OoicUmilh for 100/. a 
vrar to tnnlriliiite i)«iM.-rM twice a w<x>k. 
Johnson wna ul ihc eumv tiuio wriliiiij tli*.* 
' ldl«r' fur aiiolJier ihiiht nf Nf^wlK-ryV, tin- 
* ITnivBrsal Chronicle.' Thf iiret oi 1 ioUU 
uuith's pftji'T'', cnlli'il 'he ' CliintMn I-Hl (■[>,' 
■ppf-ftrftn on *i4 .Inn. Tlmy oonlinucd during 
ibe year, in which ninety -pifiht letten ap- 
peared in all, Ilr afl^nvnrd* used aoin(> of 
tbum, togt-iht'r with hiti ' Life of Voltuire/ io 
the ' Lady's Mii^rini-,' wliich occupied miioh 
of hi« tiuu- in K^l. 

Th« '(^Litir-Ru L^Lt«r>,' which wen printed 
in 2 Yfild. l'>mo in 1762 ad 'Tlio Citiw-n of 
the World,' ral^'d Moldsniilh'* rfpiitiition. 
Ho intuTtM soiDP of hia oiher auonymoiin 
eaaayii. Thev coiituiii many tloechpl lonii of 
cbaracltT, wliii-li, if Hurjiiuu^ bv IiiinM-lf, 
wen* Bijrpiw»'*d by ni> otbflr ^^Tfter of Ibe 
timv. ITiB |Ki«itinn ini|)niv>>>1 nx liia rcpulft- 
tion ro8o. uml hi' imivi'd in 1760 In Piipnrior 
lodgiugs at No. tJ Wiue IJHim Court, Fleet 
StrcetfWhprchclfxlgwlwitlioni'of Newbt-rj-'^ 
DOimoclionH. litr had puid a compliment to 
JobnMni in till' lil^li niiinbLT of the ' Ik>i>,' nnd 
on 31 Mat 1761 JoboKon etinc to a «ii]>{Mr at 
Qold«n]ilii'« lodgings, droned with M-rupu- 
lotui naatnem, berauae, ns he told Percy, ho 
had beard that hi< bad bo«n quol«d byOold- 
smith *» A pri>r«dL*nt for sfnvAnly hnbitA. 
(Jloldemil.h was generally more inclined to 
laviahneffi in the matt^t^r of tailors' billn. 
About thi(t time, nn the accetuiion of Bute 
Io office (i*RioK, i. 383), Ooldsmith i» said 
to hare inomohBlist<d him, nshinF; to bo sent 
totbvEaat to make ecieutitlc inquiriv^,. H« 
nbm appliw! to tlarrick to recommend him for 
tbMwcn;r«n,'shipofthoSt>cioty ofArls.which 
WW varniit in 1780. (iarrick ivfuHed in c-on- 
Mqu«nc^of pABMigefl by Goldsmith in 'Polite 
Litersturv' rc^lMtliig upon bin tlicotrical 
mansfi^mrnt {lA. p. StQ). 

During 1762 0«ldemith did Tarious pieces 
of hackwork for Ncwborj-. Hr WTor.- a. |iani- 
phloi on the Cook Loue \ihoat for 3/. 'U, ; a 
' History of M'j«klenbiirf[h,' the coantry of 
the new <)uccn, Charlottr* ; and he began a 
'Compendium of Itic^g^lphy/ baaed upon 
Plut«pcVH ' IdTM.' Seven volumea appeared 
during tliif yt^r, thi.- Iiutt two volumw uf 
which were probably oompilei! by a back 
named Collyer. (xildemttb's health wa& 
wxak tit thiji period, and he vioitud Rath, 

Etyin? for bU e.^penrtas, it is to hfl hoped, 
y a life of Nash tpiihlishcd 14 Oct. 1763), 
for which he reoriTCsffourtefing-uinetiK. Prior 



ntiuiat«a hit wholu inoome for I'tti at under 
1-20/. 

At the end of 1703bpmoTc^1oialingloa. 
Newbt^ry occupivd a room in the old tower 
of CAnonburyHou»e in that parish (dcM^- 
[ion and c-»gnivin|f in W EL»ii, A Bwfkaeilerrf 
the liiit<.>nturv,\i. 40); AndiioHnmilhloAgBi 
with a Mrs. llilizubutb i'L'uiDg, wying SOI, 
11 yi-ur fur hin biinrd and luilgiiig. Il,- workftit 
for Newbery at a variety irf odd jobs, writing 
prefuc*'*, correcting the press, and »■> forth, 
thoiij^h Newbcnr't adranow dnrin? thv- \t»t 
pteTtous to October 1763exceeded tne amount 
dne for * Copy of diffisn-nt kindx,' naael/r 
03/.. by 48/. U.QiI., for which ()old^mi(h gavs 
a proiuuitiory not« dated II Oct. ]7ti<t. On 
li I)DC.l»;l^rrowudlwonty>fi^eguiu(iaalVDm 
Newbary. .^^corOing to oiii» slory h* needed 
the money for an «xciirMon to Yorksbire. in 
tho cour»(.-uf which thv Vicar of WakvfiuUI' 
wiui HUggi^Ated by aone incidt^nl . He was 
absent from lelungtan, as his billc sbuw, 
duringth^'finitqumrtwrof ITfti. 'AHirtoiy 
of I'^iigland in a i'^vins of IjtitU'ra (ran ■ 
No1>l>:rman to his Sob,' in '2 vols. l?mu, for 
■which Oold^mith recnvwl wimc fiO/. (Pbiok, 
i. 49i)>. appeared in .luuti L7tH anonymously, 
and waft atlnbutcd to many eminent writer*. 
About ibis time hv K^i-ntnc one of the ori-j 
gina! nine mem!)«tr» of .lobnoon'ti fi»iuou*clul»\ 
whirhmetdiirittif hi^Ufeat the Turk's Head.] 
Oorrard .SirePl.Soho. Kiiwk:n»,nn oHginal I 
mt^mlior, Mya that ' wi* ' comtiderfy) him ' as 
a mere literary drudge.' The etectioa was 
no doubt due IoJohi»uin'» good opinion, who 
told Bo»well in ,tiine. 1703 that (<oId»mitb 
was 'one of the Rntt men we now have as 
an author.' Tlio opinion, then CMMeric, ht^- 
ctimv getieni on thr piihlieatioh of (be ' Tra- 
veller, 19 Dec. 17&1, insoribed to his brothfir 
Honrj', to whom hv hod sent »ome^ portions 
from Sw if ««rlfl»d. Four edit ions 'apnearrd 
during I7lt5, a finh in 170Kb sUthObelatt 
rtiviainl by the author) in 1770, and a ninth 
in 1774. He mc«ived twenty guinens far it 
on publicBtinn, and probably an additional 
twenty guincuo on il«t succ^ctut. Jt^nson de-i 
clared in (be ' Critical Review ' that it would 
not be PAsj to find it« equal since lh^ death 
of Pojjc. lis al»o cantributed a few Unw 
(' nine,' as be told Uoewell), and was tber^' 
fore aiinposed to have written more. Tha 
'Travi'llcr' uww something to Johruion's own 
didactic jmeras, and something to Addison's 
' Letter mm Italy.' But Joliutou's oulo^ 
is fully dwwrved, and the ' Traveller ' ij» stiU 
among the most perferr examples of its st^lo. 
The ' Traveller' Ijroiighl him the ncnuamt- 
anceof Uoberl: Nugent (afterwarda Vidcount 
Clare), and it seems that Nugent inlrodnced 
him to the Earl of Northumberland, lord*^ 



I 



J 



Goldsmith 



9' 



Goldsmith 



<^ Inlind from April I'tiS tiU 

kpri]17ftr.. HBwkiQji(J'(xl)weMi,p.41U}itt&lM 
NnrlbiinibcrUDd ofleted to help UoM- 
in Irvl&nd, and Uiftt Uiis ' idiot iii Xhv 
in at llic world ' only neoiamentkvd bU 
Hvnry, snd [deferred fur Uimself Hi 
Jgtwml apon thf lx»KwII>'n>. IIi»lniii«ntftble 
iMifleranct:, sayn (hit) Atem censor, onntiaed 
bint to oa« pstmn t Lnm) Durp). wltom ha 
ooca^DtuIlT vi«t(sl. North iimbfrland (lo 
wlwm GolaBiuith*s friend IVrcv was cliap- 
^Icin) iImI not r«luni to Irelantf, Ami ihcr<~ 
luiv, pcrhApii. did nothing for (told^imiltL 
'ciVY (p. w) uya that Oofdfiniith was cod- 
nn this or Mmc otliRr occuJcin by mi*- 
nog lh« CTOom nf Lbs diambpnt for lLt> 
' aotlenuut. Tnam-raEe/lDldsmithcDntinuod 
tobeoD frii'ndly lomiN wit bhia],«nd><ttnt. hilt 
ballad ' Ftlwin and Antfrllna' lo llnCouiil«M 
of N'onbutnherland, lot whose saiuemeot 
it wa* privntely printn). A itpiti-fiil clisrgv- 
nadr against him in 17)17 bv Konrick of 
■taaliag from Percjr'a ' Friar of Order* ft r^y ' 
vu dbpotwd of 1^ Oold«mtth'» statement, 
coafirmed by Percy, (hat ' Edwin and Augv- 
ljiui*wa& thv fint written. Tn 1707 Goul- 
amitll'fl ballad wa» attvctod to huv« t>i.>un 
talcnnfroin a fVeneh poem, really a traniila.i iua 
from Ooldemilb (PiuoE, ii. 89). The halUd 
wa« ftr»t puhliubnl in thn ' VicMr of Wnkr- 

A collection of OoldanitfaVeceaya in 17&') 
ffcmA the gronrth of biK fame, and h« tritd 
to lake adi-anta^ of it by uftling up u a 
pfajnocian. TW cost of ' purple ulk vmall 
dothM' and a 'MArkit ronuoluuro'probably 
uewded all that he made oj' ft^es. One of hu 
patif'ntji preferring th^ odvioA of an apotbe- 
cary lo tiutt uf hrr ubyetcinn, llolusinilb 
dedaml that he would jurescribi! no more 
(ft. ii. lOfl). 
^ Til*- ■ Vidir of W«k.ifirhr wiw piibliiibeif 
Bli'27 Marrh 17AI ilirti editinnfi dt-ATlbe^] 
HEAprrcut nn<l tiufrie; 6lh eer. ix. ^, xi. 268, 
^H|^ It lijiit \x't-t\ kr'iil. hack until the mto- 
^hi of the ' Travellt-r ' nud raised the anthor's 
ivputAtion. Itniiwt-n (J'lkunitt ^ItirkU-i-k 
Uill), i. 4]-'>| tell." ib« KTory that Jnhnt-nn 
wa> one fa'imiiig called in by (ioldamilh, 
wha■t>llltt<Ilil'Ivhudnm'^l"d him forhiu n-nt. 
Jahoaon found tbnt (.ioldemilii bad a novel 
niidiy for preMi, took it to a publiA]ii*r, t>old 
h m 00/. (or ^ineas, ib. lii. 'A'i\). and 
btOOffht \»i-k Ihi: Mini, whit^h enabW Tiold- 
miu to pay hia rvnt and rate hifi landlndy. 
The story in told with f-arinli(in> and obviouB 
tn accuracies in Mni. Fiozri'x * AneodotCA,' p. 
1 lit, ill Hitnkinti'n ' Life of Johnson,' p. 42u, 
MtdinCunibM'U»d'a>Menoir«,'i.^7^. Cooke, 
in Uie ' £uropean Magaxine,' gives a rather 
Bt ^-vntnn. RMweirs account, care- 



■ttftwot ^-vntnn. Ib 



fuUr token fVotn Johowm't statement, is no 
doubt substantially accurute. SomediScaltr 
ha« arisen from the diBcoTorr of Mr. W^Uh 
(hHt<fold))uiithM>ld ntliinl«uare in the book 
to Collins, a Saliftburv printer, for twenty 
guineas on ^^^ Oct. IfW. It ewnu, huw- 
evw, ihiit till- i>l«li!ini-ntj> miiv Ite «iLthciniit ly 
hartnonised if we suppose tlie incident de- 
twribad br Johnson lo hav« tak«n piacw in 
WinoOflfice Court boforf* ibe palewOoltinn, 
and that Johnson obuined.not the full priiM, 
but an advannr on account of an un£niAtied 
»iory. Sfvcrul minutn (.imiin»liinc«« tdiow 
that (he book was pnrtty written in I7(t^, 
but not cumpluted until a latAr period (i^^u 
AcsTlX DoBnox, pp. IllH7). Tile HUCCHM 
nf thifl Tniwter|iiece wba nmrkad and imme- 
dinle, ihuuKh it» popularity in now grvuter 
than it wa» at Onii.. (An in^mifmn ulleuipt 
to identify the wenery with the dislrict in 
Yorksliire viHited hv lloSflfiroil.h (we ftbov«) 
hna b««n tniuli?! by Mr. Knrd'tt nrticU- in tlio 
' National Ueview,' May 1S83.) 

Ooldsmilh'ii rvputation wu now efitii- 
bliab«d, and bit circuniittanc^ improred 
correspondingly. Upon lenving Islington, h^t 
had taken chumlH're in tbt; Tvmple: llr«t 
at Clarden Court, aflnrwardM in th« King's 
Bench Walk, and finally on the aocond floor 
Hi a Tlrii-k Piiurt, when* lie r>'raivini"(i till bi» 
deatli. At different tinii-* h* look lr>d^ing» 
in the country to work wit bout interrnprion. 
In the Hummer of 17lC he a^ain lodged at 
klington, this time in Ibe turret of Cnnnn- 
hury lloute, and uttendinl «>nvivial niiH>t- 
ings at the Crown tavem. At a later period 
bo took lodi;ings at a farm uoarUydv, ou Ihv 
Kdgwan' road, w1i>tp in 1771—1 be wroto 
' She stoops lo dnoiier,' and worked at the 
'Animnlf-d Nature, tn fjomlun hia love of 
aocifity, of miuMjueradej, and probably of 

Siming, dlHtncted him from regnUr work. 
oldniiith laboured indiiKtHnnsIv at tiuika 
which bruughl in regular ]>ay. Though not 
conducire to p>-niianent fame. lie npnean 
to have fdljilled hi* ciiiriiin'uienls with hook- 
feellepk with a nuurtualLty hardly to be anti- 
cipated from bis general nabiti^. In Decem- 
ber 176(1 apiwAretl ■ nifWtinn of ' I'oenw for 
Yming Lddliw,' for which he received tpn 
guineas ; and in April 1707 be had probably 
W. (Prior, li. 130) frjrtwo volume* of 'Tb« 
Beauti'-.i of KniilishI*oeHy,' which gave offenc" 
by the inclusion of two indelicate pnenm of 
rtior. In 1 767 he engng»d to write a Roman 
history, for which Davies offered bim '26(1 
goinMS. It appeared in May 176$^, and it« 

Eleovant slylvgareit a |M>jinlArity noteanied 
y any sovere r««earch. Hia live* of Pamell 
and Bolingbrokc wen; puhltshedin 1770. In 
yebraary 1709 hv agnml to write a book for 



Goldsmith 



9» 



Goldsmith 



OriiGn Upon AAtural hitttory, in fi|Htt ToIiim«8, 
for wbich tie was to receive & luiuured ^uiaeM 
a volume i and in the foMovrin^June iie wratv 
an English hietory (for Duvios) for whicli he ' 
was to liave five huiKlivd ^iiiueos. The En^ ' 
lifih hifitoty (chieHy derived from Htiino) an- 
{)uan.'<I in Auguit 1771, and liu aft«rwaras | 
wrtitt a .iiiiall »cliofill)w>k i>n tlie aaine aub- j 
^ect. wUirll wiui jiusl biunuiifilT published. lie 
wrotf M (Irt't^it liiiMorv, for wliicli tlriflin paid ' 
liim 2KlL in .Tune 177^, thniirh it vna not 
(iiibl iiilied till two tnonthE iiucr Iiik dvnth. 
The paym'^nt* for the ■ Aniiniiifd Nature' 
(ilie ultimate title of hie book on Daturnl 
niaioir) wvr«coin)iIp1c<din June 1772. Hiia, 
liko the two precediu^;, wae postbumously 
publi-alied. I 

Thi^ hack-n-ork had mom Han Oie UMtal 
ncril frum ihi.' invnriablt: charm of Oold- 
amitli'a slyle. UapinLy, however, he found , 
ttme fur mon> pBruiuni>iil work. Karly in 
17(17 hi^ offiTwl bin ' (litod-natiired Man * to ' 
Qarrick for Dnity Laq«. Qtirrick probably < 
r^taint^d aom« iMSntment ni^initl GoidKmlCb, , 
and doubtod thft mieritu of t1it> iilay. A pro- 
ixMw) lo refer the matter to ^Villiani Wliit«- 
noad only 1«1 to a quarrel. Ooldmnith th«i 
oflren.-<l bis play lo Colicaii for Covent Oar- 
den I JuJt 17(!r'). It was accented forCbriar- 
mu. (Warrick in compelil ion brought out 
lluffh K«ny'ii wnLimentat comedy, ' FulHe 
DelicuTT," and Colmnn, who meanwhile ■waa 
n-conrilpd to Oarrit'k, pd-tiKinwl (lotd«niith'n 
play till Lif .Ion. I7BN (KHIy'a being acted a 
week earlier). The recpptioii wan not en- 
t.inlr favcjiimble. Tba ffcenewitb tlir-'bailifTN 
was tiMiM'd, and Golditmith gMvg to thi^ Huh 
with JohiiMan profetwed to be in hif;h spirits, 
hut wbii^n IcA, aloiie vith hi» frirtid burst 
into tears and swom that he wguld never 
write ap»in (PiOKltl, pp. S4-l-(t). TTio oh- 
noxioas scene bi-iug rvtrenchod tbt play wvnl 
hotter, and ron for ten iiijrbtB- The omitteJ 
MCene waa rcplarod ' by paTtic;ular desire ' nl 
CoTPiil Oardvii, 3 March 177.S (Cir.SBaT, v. 
S72>. GnUsmith made SOOt. or 400/. be- 
sides another lOOr for tbe copyright. Thi* 
popularity of rh^ * scntitnonTAl comedy ' Aecma 
tolisve Iiindered a full appreciation of Oold- 
smiib'it fun. 

llie m-xL iriuinub of Go!dMuitb*s genius 
was the ' IJfserted villag:e,' puhlished L'H May 
1770, and befnin two years prffriously. It 
_went thr-'ugii five oditioiie at ouoo (for flml 
cditimiH tee JVV/at and C/uati'm, Rtb ser. xi. 
491 ) ; nod the only critical question einoc 
rained bnn hf^'n wbKlber il 18 a little better 
tbjui tbn 'Traveller' or not qttite &o good. 
Uoth poems nrv rlvganl v^^ntionit of tbi<! popii* 
lar dwlamntinn of the time againM luxury 
and depopulation. Auburn in some degree 



rf^prcwents Liwoy, and the atoiy of aa oU I 
eviction by a (Jenerml Napier was probaUy 
in Goldsmith's mind. Some of the ctiamctm* 
arc obviously his old friend*. But ihe poai 
is intended to apply to England; and th« 
attempt to turn poems into a gasettosr it 
geni-ruUy iUoson-. The »1«tei»ent byOlonr 
that be received a hundred gnitieoa and ro- 
turoed it as too murh is harrllv proboble. 

' 8Iw irfOOjM to conquer' had buen writtOi 
in 1771 At Hyde. It 'waa offered to Cohnaa 
in 1772. lie hecitatcd liU Jaoiuiiy I77S, 
wlieii bf yir-ld'^d to TJie nre-tmire applied by 
Johnson. Coluau's douote wer? snand (^ 
tho actors. »umf of whom threw up their 
parts. Il wa« at lost performed at Caveat 
Garden 15 March 1778. Johnson led a bodyA 
of friends, including Burke and Keynolds, lo I 
the fir»t night. Cumberiand, who«^ inaoou- I 
racies make all his statcnkents doubtful, says 
that be waa of the party, and miuuidy de- 
NTTibeii the nvult (iHanairit, i. 3^u). In any 
Da«e UiR Booceas was undeniable. It an- 
8wi>a«d, aa Jobnson iwid, the 'great t-nd of 
comedy, making an aadi(mi:e merry.' \^^en 
Qoldamilh hoard from Northcofc Ith^n n 
pupil of Ticynoldg) that he ba/l liitigbi*d ' ex- 
ceedingly,' 'Tlmt, lie replied, ' is all that I 
require.' The adherents of the Kntimcntol 
cumedy bad forgotten the advanlagea of 
laughter ; and tti« auce«^t> of Goldnititfc'* 
play led to their discomfiture. It ran for 
twelve nights, producing 400/. or GOO/, for 
the author, and was puhliiibed with a dedica- 
tion m hii< ntnUQcb supporter, Johnson. 

During his lattT T>'ars Goldomith was 
widi'ly known and beloved. Hir ra<vt inti- 
mate friends appemr lo have been the Hor<> 
nocks, who w^-rc I>cvon»hir* people, lad 
known through Ucynolds. The family coo* 
I Aisled of a widowed mother, a son Cnirlei» 
who WAS in ihe Qiinrd*. iLtid two daogfaMra. 
, Cfliherine, ' Little tromedv,' married in 1771 
to Henry Willium Runbury [q, v.], and Mtiy* 
' ihr Jrasainy Bridf ,' wlm l»eoiirif Mni. Owya, 
gavf recollections to Frior.anddiLid to l&tO. 
In 1770 ho t^'ok ii trip to Paris with Hn. 
Ilomeck nnd her daiighterfi. In 1771 his old 
enemy, Kenriclc {pTobablv)> wrote nn insult-M 
ing letter t o t h-- ' I .ondon Parket " (24 -March), ■ 
sigti«d 'TomTiekle.'abusiDgGoldnnilhasan 
author, and alluding insullinglv to his pa** 
Mon for Mhe lovely IT- — -k/ Goldanilb 
ntiit lo tho shop of the publisher, Kvaiia,aiKt 
etrnck hitn with a cane. Evans returned the 
blow; a scuttle followed, e brok>.^n lamp 
co^'ered tJie combatimts with oil, and Gold- 
I amith waa sent homt.< in a eoaoh. An actiun 
, was threatenod, which Goldsmith comiinH 
mised by paying M/. to a Welah charity .wjiile 
be relieved his feelings by writing a i£giufl«dj 



fsoigiunua^ 



Goldsmith 



93 



Goldsmith 



IhUotUi tlu-Fa.pRra ftbout Uia'lictintiouuiAM' 
of th« prew. Ooldunitb'H friptidalnp with 
Lord Cfair(> is shown by a, ns:onlL>il visit tu 
CW« at Bstli in llw wintrr of 1770-1, aai 
hf the sdmirablc ' I lauurh of Venison,' yn>- 
wUt writtvn in tlip unii> ■prinff. Tliw m»«t 
Tirba ii*icripti(»n« wf GolcUiiiiUi in socictjr 
•re, howeviT, (o bv fount) id )lo*weIl. That 
BmvcII hftd .Komo prtfjodicc ACninM Qold- 
muth, partly due to jraloitvy of iiin intimacy 
Willi JiiJiuMm, talks of lum with bo nUsurd 
ttteetmlian of fumricnty. and dwt-lls to>> 
atub oil liis roil>r'», ii no iluubt trui*. The 
portimit nuiTbe MigbttrrarirBtiin^d: but tht^' 
Buboluitivl likeiii.i^K <■ not. cl'mblfiil. It wiiuli) 
Ihp u ill-jutlgMl todi(ipiit«;<i<^ldAniith'!ifnil)1ca 
■■ to MBOTt that Uncle Toby wm above • 
WMkncM for bis hobby. IInltL»mil)i, no 
d'>iibt,nfivml)lmidi'iwiinr>'iDVerHition; went 
■in u'itlii.iitl kD<>ui-inR bow h<- should potnv olT 
( JohflBoii in BnfiWi:i,i.,ii. l(N$),ikDd duqilnycd 
i!ni'.T»n»r wlwn trying to 'get in and shine,' 
tU-viinlH^ udmitt'^il the fiict by CKi>lii>ning it 
at int--ndt\i t'j diminish thi.' iiw<.> which iKtlalfw 
an niilhor (XnKTHCOTB, i. S'JH). On Bu«h a 
qani«i ion then- ran bono appL-alfnnutbu tiuuii- 
' idgniHiil of OOnl«inpiinirit'>ii. ]Iut all 
p^rfi-i-tlTcompatJbln with hia bannr 
made tb« vxcelli-nt hitt< rf^|>ort«u 
U. Thfi stAt^im^ntA thai hi> was 
the admiration excit«d by pretty 
voDiisu (cf. BneWEtL,.A>AHMM(lIini,i. 4U : 
NoBnicoTK, Li/e i^Rvyvtldti Priob. ii. ^iW; 
Fomno, ii. 217) orpu])petHilM)wa (see Ciu- 
Docx, i. 232, IT. 360) are probably pxa^ 
gantiofu or iiii»uD<Jcivtaiidii)|fs of biim'<r\><ie 
FMiiarks. Bui hf watt cImaHt rain, acutely 
BMtLTel'>neiil>'ci, and hoatilu to cntictt>in ; 
bod of npleniikl enrmitntii, •.« «]>[H-an> from 

' ■ ;y of hw uilom' bills, printed by 

oCicasionallT jealouo, »> far as 
can CfK-xi«t with ab«otut« ^iUtlcos- 
■M frDi>dom FruBi the aligbt«st UnM of 
oe. Ilia rlutrity seemB to bavu own 
pmlud beyond the limil« of pnidcnct', and 
all who kni'W him tatify to the singular 
kindlini-sM of bin natnK. According to Cm- 
dock O- ~Z'2) lin indulK*^ in ^aniblin{(. He 
wa« certainly not retentive of money: but 
bit extravagance wont natumllT with an mx- 
pMuire and sTmpanJiotie chaticter open to 
^Uaoobl impulaM. 

K^ la I7TS Ooldamil-h wa« much iitt>>Teat4!d in 
B>p ro|wed 'Picrinnary of ArtaandSeieneee.* 
^Bedrew up n prospectus sni) hnd tirr)mi<H>* 
^^onntrihutiom* from .Tnhn.-ton. Ilurlii*, Ber- 
' voids, and olbera. Ilumey had actually 
wiitlen tli« article * Mumuhl' Tbtt book- 
Milan, bowfT«T, flbow^-d a coo1d«*« which 
OBiisvd tlia adiame to drop, and clepreaaed 
ilk's ipirils. Goldnnith was meon- 






whik) anxious, aad Oradook noticed that bis 
l^ety war forcMl. He wn» in debl and had 
8[)eut thi> 6UtD receivfid fnr hi^ works in ad- 
vance. Hi* Iwtt |KM>ni, ' lEetaltatioQ,' waa 
probably written in K*'ljniaTy 17"'l. Jtwaa 
an anawKr to some mock-i*iiita|>liS 0(>mpo»^ 
•I a dinner of some of his friends at llw* 
St, James'H t>)f1«e-liotise— tbe exact circura- 
RtanccA beinff differently stated bv Orndtwk 
(i. 2-^) aud Uumberlaod (L 370), both of 
whom profess to hava baan pra*SD(. Passaf^ 
of OoIuimitb'B poem were uinwn to a f<!W of 
I)ii> friendH, but it wa« not published till after 
his dt^alb. He hod gono to ilydf, where be 
fell ill, mlHm™i to London, anil on :ifi March 
sent for an apntliAcary, Willium llawes, who 
afterwardswroteanacooimt oriii»iIliii-i». In 
Spit« of ilawi-s'.t iflvice. he doctored hiinmiir 
with Jaiii««'fl powilM-. UawcA called iu l>r. 
Fordvce and Dr. Turton, Tiirton, thinking 
that his pwW was worse than it alioiiU) be, 
asked whether his mind was at ease. Qold- 
smith replied 'It is not.' He was, howeTer, 
culm and tonx^limt.'c cheerful : but grew vrwilMr 
and died 4 April 1774. Rtirke bunt into 
tear* at Itw news, and Reynolds, his most 
beloTed friend, gavr up piiintinif for the day. 
Joluiaoo thought that the Ct-vt-r hnd been tn- 
crsnsvd by tlie pressuiv of debt, and roports 
that, aeoording to Iteynolds, be ' owed not 
tern than %mi: 

A public fiiwral wmk alnindnncii, and be 
wa» Diiriod in the Temple. A moiuimrnt, 
with a me<)alIioii by Noltekenf and the well- 
known epitaph by .Tohn^nn, wiu erected in 
WustmitiBler Abbey at tho ciijion*^' of iho 
club. ItiH benchsni of the Temple placed a 
tablet in their ohurch, now rctnovM to the 
Iriforium. A stone on the north aidu of thtt 
Temple Church is supposed to mark his burial- 
place, which is not, howeTer.certaialy known. 
A statue by Foley was erected in 18ft4 in 
front of Trinity (*oUqi«. Dublin. 

Thi- biv-t portrait of (ioldamitli, by Rey- 
uokU,i» now nt Knole Park, Kent. Another, 
pointed liy ilt^ynolds for Thrale's paUory at 
Btrusliiam, was bought by the Ihilic of BcJ- 
iia\\. .\ciipyi« in theNslional rortroitflal- 
lerj*. A caricature by bis friend Dunbury 
w»)t pn-nxiil lo the ' llsunch of Venison.' 
AnotlKT pmrait i* nrfex'-d to tbe ' Poetical 
and Dratoatic Works' (1780). A portrait 
attributed to Hogarth, engTBTfid in ^BBter's 
' Life' (ii. 11), was in the poMMsion of Mr. 
Studl^ Martin of l..iTerpool En 1877. 

Of Goldsmith's brothers and aistcrs (1) 
Calheriue (Mrs. Hodeun) survived to give 
information for the ' IVrcy Munnwr ; ' her son, 
•.>li\ur (ioldsuiith Hodson, caint! to I»ndon 
about 1770, and lived partly upon bis uucle 
and partly as an apntliccatY. finally setlUujf 



Goldsmith 



94 



Goldsmith 



DitKiB rKtlier'AestatoncnrAthlant;; (2) Hoary 
(livd lit AtLtdiiD in M»v 1708; hin widuw 
becamw mnLron nf tliit Mealli infirmarv ; a 
daughter, ('atharm«, aied in Dubliu ub-jut 
18(m ; i>ne»on Usury wtw in thtiHnnv, Ai-tl!<'il 
in Novn Scotia, di I'd at St. Jobn'^ Nfw llriuift- 
wick, and was faiber of Iliitrh ( olvill (iold- 
smith iq. v.l; nnoth<-rMti, Oliver, wrote the 
' itiikiiijj Villii|!i*,' iu imitation of bis uncle; 
(S) Jim(^ morriod & Mr. Johnston'.- and died 
)K>(>r in Athlon'.- ; (41 Maurice bf«ame n cabi- 
livt-niaktir, ii(tiiiiigi»ttred to hia broUier'a will, 
nbl^ittd»aniitlloiKcuinl7S74,Niciioi^/?/u«- 
trutiifo*, viii, ••'16), niid dinl in \7^)'i, \n.\\\\^ 
rt widow but no c^hildren ; (5) Charles went 
to (lie We&t Indice alYvr tbr vimt Ui bis bro- 
tlirrin 1757, and returaeti tn Hna-litnd thirty* 
four ^fva* Later ; he settled in Somers Town, 
went to France at tlie |io»c« of Amiens, re- 
turned 'vCTypooTi'itnd died noon afterwards; 
h« lt*ft a widow and two boiib, wIkj retumwl 
to the Weat Indiea. and a daufrbt«T, n)arri(;d 
in France. (loldMnilb'sxiaterCalheriiieaiid 
bin brtit.hiT Jcihii jirobably died younp. Percy 
hoped to ^t Bom<.-ibiuK fur iho- fumily by 

fiuDliahinK the ' Lif« and Works.' hut niter 
on^ diNputof) with [lublishers nutUing, or 
nexi lo uoiUiHR, came of it (Kokotbr, l^f, 
Apw. to vr>l. ii.) 

uoldsiiiith'a works are: 1. ' Enquin,' into 
the I'rMent State of Polite Le&miiif; in Ku- 
ropM." ir.'tft, Sto. 3. ' The itee; being t*)i»r8 
•in tli« DKut int«r«At.ing BubjecU.' IToilfeiglit 
wet^bly flflBajB, 6 Oct, to 24 Nov.), l-uo. 
3. 'IluitorT of Mecklenbur^b,* 170t.'. 4. 'The 
Mywtvn' KKvi*iile<l, containing a serins of 
tmtUBCtions and autb«ntic toetimonials re- 
Bpectiogthe»up|H:i»:-d Cwk IjincOhriHl,' 1743 
ri762},8vo. fi. 'Th*' CitiKtn of the WoHd ; or 
ijetters from a ChiTie#f) Philii'Mi[ilii?r re«irlinn' 
in lA)ndon to bid FriendH in the Ka."!.' '1 vnK 
12ino, 170:^ (from 'Public ledger,' &c.) 
6. < Life of Richard Nash, of Bath, EMnire,' 
1762, 8vo. 7. ' A History of Kn^land in ii 
•nriew of I>itt«ra from a Noblemiiu to W 
Son,' 17ft4, 3 vols. ISino. ft. ' ThL- Traveller,' 
1766, 4lo. 9. 'l%i«ay"' (collreied from 
•The ht^,-: ke..). 1765. fivo. JO. 'The 
Vicar of \\'iiliefield ; a Tab.-, supinjBeJ to be 
written by hiin««lf,' 2 vnln. \'im(t, ]7fifi ; a 
Un of ninety^fiiz editions down to l!^BO tn 
given in Mr. Anderson's biblioprapby appen- 
ded to Mr. AuKtin Dokton'e 'Roldsmiili.' 
Tlirty appeared from 18U3 t«i 18S«. [ 1. *The 
Oood-nattired Man.'ttcomedy, 176S, 12. 'The 
Koman Hielory from tliu Foundation of tliu 
Oity of Itom.* lo the iJestruction of tlic lla- 
mun Empiri),' 17U9, 2 vols. Svo (abridgmeut 
by bimM-ir 1772). 13. 'The XJe«ert.>d Vil- 
lage,' 1770, \\n. 14. ' The Life of Thomn'i 
Pamell, compiled firom original paperv smd 



Lwo»e- 
«(8et_ 

'^ 

ne-ae^l 
^d b^S 



mcsnoiiB,' 1770, 8td (aIm prefixed toPknielt's 
• PoBnw.' 1770). 15. ' Life of Benr>- St. Joha. 
Lord Vi*rouut llolinffbroie,' 1770 (altojpn- 
liAed lo Itolinffbrok)! a 'Dissertation on Pa^ 
ri..,' i770t. III. 'The ilist^iry yf IJig-Iand 
from the I^rliesl Times to the l>eaLh t£ 
Geor^ II,' I77L -1 *o1«- Svo (nbridffiiMint is 
1774). 17. ' ThroDodia Auguatuj* ' (< 
death of Princesf Dowagw of Walea), 17^ 
4<«. 18. ' She atonpii to ccinqn<»r, or 1 
51i8take«oraNii[hi,'1774. l!>. 'Ititaliali 
a Poem ; int^ludiiitf' riutapbR on ibe most 
tinvuiahed wim ofthis m'^lTttpolis.' 1774, 
riiftb 4x1, with ibe Wbilefoord ' PoslBcri' 
same year). 20. 'The (irwianUislory 
ihoKsrliest State to the De«tti of Aluxi 
theGre«t,'177l,2vol8.8To. 21. '-■Vii Hiirtory 
of the Earth and Aninuiled Nature,* 1774. 
S vols. Svo. 22. ' The I tannch of Vuniwn. a 
Poelicftl Kpi«tlcto Lord Glare,'l 776 (withpoT- 
trnitby Bunbury); biter<.-ditiunof aameycw 
with altf^rations from autlior'n mantucripU 
2;i. ' A Survey of Fjcpcrimcntal PliiloBOiiay 
oonaidered in ita Prettont 8tAt<- of ImjproTe- 
iiicnt,' 1770, 2 vob. Svo. written in 1 7*& (get 
PIUOK, ii. W>, iL^.I). 24. •The Capti 
an OrHl.orio,' 1(^16 (writlr-n utid sold to I 
ley in 1764 ; see PluoK, ii. y-12). A on 
ooinedy called 'The Gnimblor,' adnuted br" 
(icldamitb from Sedley's vi>rMion of Bnieyst 
thpt-c-uct comedy ' Le tirondeur,' wm pw 
formiHlat Conmt Garden on 6 May 1773, out 
never publtahed. Aactmeisprintedin voLiv. 
of ' MMccUaiieous WorfcB'by Prior (18S7). 
IVIor publli^hcd frum Ouldsnutb's maniUKTipl 
* A Hiilory of I bt- Seri-n Yean.' War,' 1761, 
part of which had appeared in tlut ' Litcniy 
Magaxine ' iif I7r>7-^; as a ' History of OV 
owu Time.^ ' Goldi;mith aim wrote a mAeb 
to the ' Martial ICeview, or a General niVtosj 
of thf) Intn War,' 1763, which appeared ia 
the ' Heading Mercury'.' lie uuited and 
annotated ' Poems for Voung Ladie« ' and 
'Jt^autieis of English Fodsy' in 1767. .\B^g 
'Art of Poetry" {1 762), fiy Newbery, w^fl 
only roviscd by Goldsmith. Some of Ncw^' 
berv'-t cliildn.m'ri book*, Mspccially the * Ilt»- 
tory of Little Goody Two Rhoea ' <.'ird cdlL 
I76(]), have been nttribnted to him. H 
Tranalaled 'Memoirs of a Protestant con* 
demued to the Galleys' ('Jean Mant-illic' 
lltjwM-Bc), 1 768 ; Formey'a ' ConeW Ji istoiy 
of Pailoiaophy,' 1766: and Scarron'a 'Oomie 
Itomaace' (1776>. With Joceph CuUyer b« 
abridfffid PJularch's •LiT«-^' 7 voIs.l7e2. I«^ 
1763 be engaged with Dodeley fara Eiariea o^| 
lives of ' Eminent Penwna of Great Britain 
ftud Ireland,'whic!iwa£ueviirconp1eted, Pre- 
faces and rcviaiona of many other boaka am 
mLiitioncdinNewbery'AatTAimta. The'IIi*' 
(oirv de IVancis Willi, par I'autenr du " Mi- 



i 




Goldsmith 



95 



Goldstueclccr 



ninLn' (le WaV»Bi!l<l"' (1778), of wbicli ui 
Kn^ii^h v^rjiiiin wag piiMisliP^ in Swi'd-'O in 
17''!'. \» spiirinLis. An edition of ' T'oembuiii] 
I'hivs ' nnpMirt-i] Mt Dublin in 1777, iitnl his 
* I*<>>liml niitl ThuniAric Wnrks' in 1790. 
The Ikvri nditions of bis ' Pot?lici»l ^\ork«' 
mn ihc AMinc .^ition l>y J. Mitford ( I'*-'il I 

iJ ihi» edittou by ilolton dinjtrv (IS4<t). 

n^ ' Mist^eUaaeoua Worln,' iriih tlii< ' Tutej 

Ifmoir,' wan) first pitblifb^ in IWl imlio in 
J, ISI3, IH*iO); IVior's Mition, in 4to19. 

ro, in 18^t7 ; P«t«r Ounnin^uB's, in 4 void, 
in I8.V>. Thi^ lut ftnd riilliH^ culUctioii, 

lit«d h\ J. W. M. Oibb«, ia BeiYa ediOan. 
5 roI». 18*^-6. For minr otbt-r frililiomi 



Snrr^, pp. 28fU9 ; Shaw Mwod'i SbitutJMl 
Aeooant of SoUh of Indud. Ui. SM.4C ; Ox- 
aock'i Uenwni. i. as, 33-4-36. it, 279-M, SU ; 
Cambariukd'a Menoim; Ba«w»l]'* Johnson ([o*- 
ntn); Ovdni's UiitonrortbcSugv, v. 1S9.365, 
873; Colouui** RaodoDi Rwonb, i. IIO-IX; 
Lniie itnd Tarlor"!! Lir* of R*ynold«; CharlM 
W^lsh'i A Bookfwiln- of ibo Imt Cvotunr. ISM, 
chap. ill. ; Wiuthineton Irring''* Lif* la firatid^d 
npoo Prior nnd I-nr>ter. tSro alitu MaCAnln^'a 
Life ill Mt*cclUn<vii« W(jrl»(fur Huc;cl. Dril.); 
W. Black's Lift.- in Men i>f L«lUm S«riw ; and 
Mr. AoBtiu DuLkki in tiral Writnn Setitv, 
1888] L. S. 

GOLD9H;£CKER,TlLEl>l)OB (18^]- 



e tlw bibliopflphj, hy J- ''■ AndcTw>n, in , lS7:Jt.oriait4Ui»t. wiul)ornol'Ji-w»h p*renU 
T. Austin Dobsooa ' Goldsmitli * iu ' Orwt ; at Kvaiff^r^, WuMia, us M Jao. 1821. 

Bi« carlicf instruction (1820-36) w»ii ro- 



Wriltrs Scrif^.' 1688. , 

[JuhciKin unilMtook to wril»t OoM«mil>i'« life 
foroiivdili'jtiof his works: thoplun frll chnnigfa 
fzota ilMEpatM amone th* bookacllvn convened. 
After Jolt qmid'i i]«mui Parry, to wban OoldMnith 
h«d |{i*c!i soino mktvria]», oifTtred lo |mAx a life 
to HQ ftliiiga of the [)o^m« to b« pnbli&lied for 
tba beofljt ut noldimith's relsliotu, Hl- aOer- 
WKrdfi hati>1»i or«r thi? lank toTliotnaii l'nini>1i«ll 
( 1 7?>S-I T9o i (q. T,]. who drew nji a ebon memoir 
<wilh P«r«y'« holp) abuol 17!>1. PoifV addwl 
forthrr Dot«. which wtn- incorporsiHi in the 
UZL hjr hit cha|>laiB, Henry Uoyd [^v-] A 
diapnta with lh«< boiJu«lliTm imJuctvl Pi^ri*/ to 



ceived U th« Alietidtiubui Grmnaaium of 
hi« natiTe 1owii,wbere id 1836 Ik- iil»o cc<m- 
menoed his univpnity courae, attending will) 
emeciklprotiltliflwituuof RoBeitkrtzti,t^ 
II«^]iu) pliiluMiphiT.ftndof IV'ler TonBoh- 
lun in Saniikrit. In 1836 bu retooTHl to tlie 
nniviTivtlj of Rntm, rontinuing hia onental 
EtudiM under the woll-kturwB SutaltritiaU 
A. W. von l^hltr^iQl and Lmmo, and »tt«od- 
ingtbe ArabicclwwMOf FiVTtae. Ilcluminr 
toKonigsberR)l>cgraduatedw doctor ID 1^40, 
H<^ appennabniit thin timt-to have d(^velop«^d 



ihidi MaloBoakogavehiDta, waafint pablithod 
MifMllaiMona Woriia in 1901 andasain 
1813, 1820. It ii gioncnlly daKnljed 




haod o«» Ibc CMDpletian of the task m Samwl i sdviinced political i iuwh. A r«r]i»»l for per- 

Ilo«. (ha friand of Covpar. This mamoir, for im»«o« to act aa a privat-iloowil in th» uui- 

' ' " ' * ■ - " - ■■■ "^ ■■ runiity,addm»ediothQdepaitin«nlofpublte 

i]iatruction,wa»rr!fii>>nl,tlHni;:'h it wiuljuckvd 
by Roaenkranz. In iMl'hi?pnhli>)hnlanony- 
I'nry Mi-mnir.* and tnlHaboVa from the mously a tiasfilatiun of iLi; Sanskrit play, 
prwfijwl lotbe w.>rk*iii 1812{forfunh*T I . I'rabodha-candrodaya,' with lui intwHiuc- 
HI* ^r ppffiiw. to I-rior-. Lift, appcodta tion by PrdesMr Roeenknnz. In i^ aame 
to Pow*.^- I-fc, Tol 1... ai>d P*f<7 OotT-poo. i^, ^^t to live in Pari*, and i«auiin«l 

d«B» ». N.clioU. llluawatww. rn, 81, Tift-M. th,'T« for threo yoank ■Wtilein Plmabe*^ 

MsiMBiimoufinhisifreatwork'luTiTKluctioa 



■ritt. SS. 297-4)- Jamea Prior puLliohed it life in 
S roU. 8vo in 1837. which ctmtainol it gnml <lml 
of infomiation caivfitllr collvvtetl from •tirtifina: 
mfauiooH ai>d rtJMre. Ii waa bearilj wriilt'O 
and haa been miwrvMled i>j Juhn Forilar* wall- 



ii lliiHtoire dn Bouddhinne indion.* About 
1811 he paid hia first siait (o ihiti countiy, 
aadexainiiied thegrrat ori«nta)colWuonatn 



k»)wn Ufa (Ui adit. 1848 ; «ih. 1877). Foww I tt« Bodleiaii Libniiy and at llu EaM India 
a>ald add liiUa, and replied with mris aerinoay Houae. At th« ludta Houw hi* uadtf the ao 
b> Prior'a Dot iinnatiu^teomplainlaoiihaiiMtaiip* \ qmunlancoaf ProfrBaor H. H. Wilson, a criti- 
pburtad; but Foratar ■ book la tha atora rtaJaMa. . cal i-v«ut :ei Iuk caRN.tr. KmtD Ir^'JtolM? be 
OlIuT aatbontMc arr anonynaauB lifa printod was again at Kimigiiibety. In the latter year 
for 9wRD, 1714; Aanual KMriatvr tbr 1774. be wi-nl to Ikrlin, where he met Ale-xaodor 

2»-M <MnM!dot» by OftoTwl, an Iri«h ] von HiinihoiiU..thi-ni-n«(r«ionhi<'KoMn««,' 
leud): Knropma Jr««liie. nir. 91. 170. Jn which Ooldhtuerkflr gave some awirtawe. 

<aiM«1ot» brW. rook«), ttii. S7.l-« (an«. , Qiw long not* on Indian ma»«ra U entirely 

. 4^3V.«"3£n.«7M. ^n'lT.r.Srll: I '"^ '^» ^- '" '"^ G-I^«b- wa. 
618-2S; Edward Uai^ia'aEMayoo Light IU«a- 
i«K(1908>. pp. 138-W (latter from l>r. S:rean); 
Kn. Floni'B AiiMdM«a(l7e4),pp.3l. 119, 179. 
S41: Nortlu<ol«-'aliifeof R^n>olda(I8lS). i.'2ll. 
SIA. Z4B, 38A-8. 800, 321-38; Ilawkioa'a Lifa 
of Jofanon. pp. II6<1V. DaTiea's Liia of Oh|<- 




In 

ordered to leave Berlin on accoiiat of Im 
political opinions. Sx weeks aftoinrarda tlie 
orderwa«r«Kiod9d;Uold«lueckvrhadivtLred 
no farther than Potadam, but, n-cognising bin 
inaecurity, and doubtlca dU^ufited at llie 
intolenuioe and want of n^ipn-ciation mani* 



tiffc, Tol. ii. chap. xlL; (X. Campbairi) Ilistoncal ^ tested by bismantrytDen, be readily accepted 



>!». Pp. 
ii.cltai 




Goldstueckcr 



96 



Goldwell 



JD In'iI) tti*; inTitAtion nf l^t'uii^nr Witiion to 
cmnn to Eni{Iaiid ind oaeist in a new edition 
of lii« 'Siinilirit Diction*rj".' In M«v l><63 
ho W1I5 iipi"oint«*d profej»or of Saiinlcrit in 
Univfrsity ('■oUege, l^onOon, an n)i]Mintment' 
tlien as now more Jionourablo than Uicriitivp. 
U(>ld^l4icckcr ttjjpeard to have Icclurvd to \wt 
)liiLiit]iciin-M-nb«d minimum of 8tu(l^at«, and 
1nhavL>giYi>ngrutuitouMh(ilptusuchMu<JL-at« 
HH n*^>il)Hl il. 

Ht" wait a proininiint. mi>mber of tlie Unyal 
AjHtaliir and tlio rhil^logiwil Sw.^iuli(«. «ud 
other It'Jirn'Cd Viodif s. Itnr though hi* ivad 
numerouit papers «t their mwlin^, be rarely 
bUow«d thr.-m to b>- published. The ]Mpi^rs 
be oxplaiiLcd 'wen.' inero offshaots tivva hii^ 
own piirticiLlar method of Snnskritic and com- 
parative inquiry, K> 0]>pomd Co that of olhur 
Mcltolan ; tlify dmlil not be riffhiJy under- 
stooc! befon.> he had de&lt with I na science of 
CampurativH Philology he a whok*. . . .' Likt.' 
ntnnv ol h«r of ( lotilfilui^pher'a great pnijwf ta, 
few of which be carried Ijoyond the gn>und 
plan, this project uf u. ovate mat It; «-xpn«ition 
of philolniry never raw rhelijrlu. TheSant*- 
kril Text Society wanfiinniiwl in IHHH mainly 
by hii I'XiTtionii, and nnnonncf'd a ai'riw: 
/Aucion-H Sauacriti, edited . , . undt-r the 
iperviiiutn of Th. lioldstuwker.' Irold- 
Btuccker bi'giui lo edit for i-liw «oei'>ty tho 
'JaiwiiHyH-nyava-maU-viDlara,' by the great 
Indian fonimentar.or Sfirana, a learned and 
raluable though aonn-wlinl Indiuiio ptilo^o- 
phicAl iTvntiae. A nniall pnition apparod n* 
the society's firer issue in It^T'J, the year of 
the edit orV dent h, Fnnr-fifthnof it remained 
tinpuMiahi'd, nor had Goldslwck<^r lefV any 
tiotO». llappiiv the edition irns coiufilt^leit 
by i'rofesaor K. B. Cowcll, and finally ap- 
peuredin 1H7H. Fourolherworkawerwaflcp- 
wnrd.-> iiwiied bv the Sanskrit Text Siwiety. 
But itii practical failun;, wbc-Ticouipiir^'-dwilli 
the anco^AN "f the lesa ambitioiia !'«li Toxt 
Snriety, proves ( t tddst uecker's d'ifecl ivp mnn- 
ogenivnl. 'i'b(tlii»t€irv"fO'ihl«liiMclti«r's other 
grfAt iiu]iiibliabftd work, his 'I>iei.innary,' is 
hardly vuor*' satJufMlorj', Ily began in IftSO ' 
lo r^^>dit Wilson's • Dictionary,' n. work t»e- ■ 
longing to a rather rudimentary Atage of 
li?xicography Thofirstpartcontuined a notice 
that ten sheitW witnj lo be i:iHUfd every two 
or tlireu monlhii. Inctend of tlii* only kix 
]iari.<i appeared in eight years, and then the 
publieatiuiicea'^vd before a tweuli'flli part uf 
Ihi' work had been completed. Vet even in 
this spare the dt-sit(ii of the work was prac- 
tic»lly ri'v.ilmionLtwl, for already at pt. S wt> 
find not only referencea ( wliinb were at first 
eschewed), but mirh a [Mind-rous sytem of 
qiiotAtiona, fitting only for an enryclopiMlia 
or ihi'Uiirus, u would have absorbed all 



th^«nt•TK''«of lhe«iilhor, even if hi- had lii-«J 
to the end of ihf) century. For the elucida- 
tion of technical ti-nni,. i-spcctally those of 
philosophy, thi« rcmnrk'tblu fragnu>nt, trvW- 
ing only a |>art of th« letter ft, i* Hitl of cun* 
siaemble value. 
Ooldstueekcrwusa violent oonlrovvntialiat. 
: In bin chief nmlroyersial work, ' Piinini and 
bis riiice in Sianskrit Lileraturv,' IfetJl. h" 
' aavagidy attACked tli<^ two grvuOrJit oriental 
Icxirngrapherii nf our lime. Hithtiingk and 
' Iloth. Trie neverilyof bin oimtrnvereial torn- 
' ianttcrly dispfJiwirt innate' to the importancf 
of the point at i«4ue. On subjects of acknow- 
ledged intricacy I ikrSan>>kritgmmmar, which 
the urdinary harued reader would havi; little 
meanHof verify ini;;. he expressed himself with 
a confidence which did tnjui^tico to his ad- 
verxiirinii. And hi* himiulf wad by no im^n- 
infallible. The best living aiitboritv, IV itr- 
por Kivlhorn, ell'oct ually di^pown of lii* » i ■" > 
on Kitlyiiyana a» the reaiUt of a prf>lini;^Nj 
study of Got det Decker's own favourite ar- 
mimrr of oTnn^ivt- wi-apcina, thn * AfiibDhhu- 
shya.' Similarly Dr. Ksgtdin^.in his preface 
to the ■Uanaretnninah'idadhr.' jinblish.-d f-"^ 
tho Saii.tkrit Teift Sociflfy, show.H that flol 
BtueckerV attack on itiihiliuffk with tve 
to th(> grnmmurinn VnnlhaiTiAna wart quit 
unjiislitiabln. <_iol<biliii>ckt^ also impi 
inthe saint! volume Professor Weber's ' \' edi* 
Oriticistt,' to which Welxr r>jplied in hif'In 
disclieStudiwi,'Bd.''i. (ltdiUtii«rk.Twrol«T) 
niimh'>r of eiuaja and reviews on Indian sub' 
jecte in the ' Atbenmnm,' the ' Wrsiminsi'-r 
Review,' Chambem'* ' Cvcl'i]ia>dl«,' nndrL 
where. Tlinyare full of learning and eeceo^ 
tricity, missing tbal true halantv oriudgin*nt 
that marks the host ecHolarAhtp. The chie 
of theuj, including some useful contribution, 
to the study of Indian law, wi<re colleciodl 
in two volume* of ' Litt-rary Reimains' in 
IR79. <4oldatuecliertook a practical intcreft 
in modem India, imd a pU^itsanl aocoitnt of 
liii> rnlnti'>n8 with lunur natives appears in 
the ' Biogrophiral Sketch 'prefisod to th*'' R«« 
mains.' He died at his r«*idi'rice,St. Oeorge't 
Sqnarf', IVimroso tlilt, London, on 6 March 

[Keport of Royal Asiatic Soci«ty fi>r 187S ; 
biog, alieteh preflied to OotdaCti«cker's IMmrmry 
t[(^^■&;1L«, ISTU-l C. B. 

O0LDWELI>, JAMKS i'i. U99), bishop 
of Norwich,. *(i(iii( WilliHrn and .\tice fJold- 
well, was bom at Oreat Chart, Ki.*nl, on the 
manor which bad ludonged to his family 
*ince the days of .Sir .lohn<)oId well, ■ soldier 
in the reign of King John (^IIasteh, Kmt, 
iii. 240; I,R Nevh. Ftufi, iii. SSI»>. He waa 
uducated at All Suula* College, Oxford, ad- 



I 



Go Id well 



97 



Goldwell 



irrli, 



nawed RCL. 3 July 1449, 1>.CX. Mnreb I 

1-I6S (Or/. tOiit. Ittg. Oxf. Hiat. Sop. i. 4), ' 

ia which rear lie ww mndc^ [irrwident nr 

Ueorn^ Hall (Wood, Hi*t. of Oi/ord. , 

Gutcii, u. 754). During- h\a lonp lift' 

n-rll nweivod cvntluil pivfenuent lu the 

, nnd was eiuploye<l on polilio&l mi^ 

hv Edward I^^ tlvwasadmiltvil rvctur 

John thif RvftRgeli*!'*, I-nndnn, 20Miiy 

but retdgned thia living th« ebuiv venr 

beiogj tnnitferred to Rivonhall, Fwwx. 

«l*o be«iune a prebendary nf Sr. l*aiirs 

1, receivins the prewnds of \Vild. 

(28 Oct. 146?), .Snrailinjf (14JW), and 

succeseively (.Newcovbt, lieptrto- 

L71), be«ide« a Windsor c«nonr%- in 

(Lb Nevk, Faeti, iji. 387). That h*! 

fceld ill*- liviiur of tTlifi'o-iil-Uoo, Krai, lo- 

EtlwT Trith ihem oi hor botiL'fices, is shown b_v 
trwignatiunortljat n-ctory when, in 1401, 
W won prouiot«d ID the archdeaconry of 
£k«i, and also raoaiTedauunuDrviLt Ilin-furd 
CktlwdntlfNBWCointT,ii.4{)ri; '^' iixity, itift . 
^Oit*f4ral*,n.(XH). Two veorBiii>«r(told- , 
v«U b«came draii of SalisDury. tn I4ti0 
ha wu repiMmr of the order « the Garter 
<Ls Nkvb, ibid.), afterwards maalvr of th« 
luiueits, and fiuallr principal Mcrt;t«ri- of 
Mate 10 Kdward fV. In Juii« 14<JS' hie 
name occuri anioiiff the commiHioiUn aeot 
to milte peace with Deitniark; three yetm 
after hm whs thp kint;'« nftrnt. al Rnm^ ; and 
IB Sept^ntbfir 1471 wa^ given power to Ir*?al 
of Pfice with t'rance ) fijjllnhi* uf Iti/mer, 
U. wA-<l, 702'i)). In th'' follnwini; aiiTumn 
he wa« «ent on a mLuunn from Edward la 
Pope Sixtiu IV, filling (be office of king'i« 
woclor at tbo Romun court. The pof|« raifwd 
Unldwell to th« vacant »«e of Norwich, aiid 
h« was consecrated at Rome 4 Oct. 1472, tho 
t«iDpOTnlitiu« ixme restoivd on bi« return 
(SSFeb. 1473). .Mthoiiglia'plurelist'Gold- 
wollwBslibt'ml. According t'.ia manuscript iu 
the CuuB (VlU-gV Library, qualnd by Ulome- 
field, hi- had at oaf tinif- bran the rector of 
hi»(iwn fitiri«h church. tWnl C'hnrl, and wh»m 
bft Jirvnmr- liifihnp he ' repuir.'*!, if not wholly 
rvbuill.CUartCliurch/and foiindad n chsntry 
ehapal for himaelf and bin family on th>- ^iilb 
■id*. We«veriDeal(iiaf a fii^ureof the bishop 
in tht> east window, willi the dale 1477, pro- 
bably that ofthcrc*tor«tioni», IWor.* Iijnring 
KotDC be had obtained an indulj^ence from 
the pope to rpAbwe ChArt, which had bt-en 
danaged by fin, and, in ordor to mirel the 
expaue, a pardon nf twelve yean and forty 
days was tiibe granl^luallwhucainv twice 
't«rani1 j^btv tkcirolTi-nngx td Ihr church 
BLU). So great wa6 (ioldwiiU's 
to the abbey of Leeds id Kent in iIih 
Henry VlT, after he was bishop, 

TOX. XXll. 




that the monks nclcnowlodii^ him 'Id soue 
tUL^Murc ' their founder, and in token of grati- 
tucli:> appoint4.>d a c^non in 1497 to pray for 
his wul ( I[abtei>, ii. 47n). After iho deatli 
of Edward IV UoldweU naemfl wholly to 
have rctirod frvm political life, and his re- 
nmininjf years Wfri?«[ji'nt iniiiiius wurhit. At 
Norwich Ll- not onlyadomra hieowatialac«, 
but comphitrrl ibt- lower of th« calhedcal, 
fiitej up the choir nnd chapelfi, covered the 
vnitltin;( with lead, and had the arms of tho 
hpnfifactor» pdint^^ r>n the wulls and win- 
dows {DL»MBiri£ij>). Bv bis will, dated 
10 June I4(r7, ho \ett I4ti/. Hit. *d for tbo 
foundation of n chantry in the clinpvl of AH 
Souls' Oolles^, Uxford, benides havmtf given 
moncv 1<) tilt) colli'f^i duritii; hia lifetimu 
(CJnTCii. ud. 1780. 11. -2^2). Ill) diHd I't Ft- 
bruary 1408-0. Thoiniw Ooldwell [q. v.], 
binliup of St. .\sapb, wiw hia great-pest- 

[AnlhoriliMciiednhoTe: BlomHInld's History 
of Norfulk, iii. &39. ir. G ; J«atDpp'» Dloc. Hiil. 
of Norwich, p. Ift3.] E. T. B. 

OOLDWELL, THOMAS (d. ir»sr.)i 
bivbup of fjt. Asupb, wiis a member of a 
family living loni^ before bis titn*.^ at tht> 
miuior of Goldwell in the parinh of (-rrtiat 
Chart in Kent ( Hasted, Kent, iii. ■i4{t), where 
he waa probably bom iFtller, tVorlAtei, i. 
4i(5, «d. Nic-bijlxl. llin fnthifr'n nnnrn ■•tt'ins 
to havisboun William rtoldwMl. His mother 
WHO xtilt iilivr in \o^'J. He hod a brother 
nainf>d John, who in l^^O liv<sl ut Goldwetl 
(Gil. State Pajten, Uom. lfi-l7-«), p. \Z-1). 
Ho hail ii[iotburbrolb>>r nn.ti)«d Stephen, also 
alive in the nnnu! yi'.nr (u^, ) lie must, be 
dixtinifuishecl from his namesalie, probubly 
hix kinsmnn. Thomas Goldwell, who became 
a I>.ll. in \T,()7, rtttd was the Inst I'lior of 
CanlcrViry. Jamct Goldwell f^. v.j, bisliop 
of .Norwich btilwecii 1472 and 1499, was lus 
grcat-grand-uuc 1 o . 

Qoldwell WM educutid nl Oxford, where 
beproceMledB.A.iHir>i'8,M..\. in ir>31,and 
B.I>. in 1534 (Boasi:. Itf^Ul^r nf thr T/ui- 
vrrtittf vf Oxftird, i, 149, Oxford Hi«torioal 
.Soc. I So late n3 l.>Aii he hut attain^^l no 
bt(jhpr degrtje. He wa« a member of .■Vll 
SoiiU'Collef^f, of which his kinsman, Iti«hop 
Ooldwi'll of Norwich, had btf-n a hiinrfactor 
C Won l», Co/;«yM ami llaU; p. 2t!-i.ed. Gulch ). 
According to Wood, bo was ' more eminent 
in roathenuilica and aatn-uouiy than in di- 
rinity.* This is probablr an infrn-iice from 
IlHrrisou's libt-l th4il ' Ooldwcll Mas mor« 
conversant in the black art ihnn skilfnl in Ihn 
scriptures' {Deaeription of Ettgitind, bk. ii. 
ch.il., Ni-wShakspervSoc.) In lli.l] aTbomsa 
Goldwell wad admitted to the living of Cheri- 

II 




Goldwell 



98 



Goldwell 



ton, near FolkMtoiw. in tha dioc«se of C*n~ ' 
t^-rbuiT. This i>t prolwWy tlie mitu- jwnwn, 
bul ill l532T!ioiiin«»«?ifinHlo lisvelwenHtmly- 
iny i»t Pfti ilia when Willinm Lioltlwoll iirRi'^l 
liini to writt' to lln' Arvlibi-itioii of t'mil'Tljury 
A (im-k li-1.t»r of ibank)- t f UikIixbr, ItefUra 
and Pafien of the tifi^n of Jieiii/ VJll, 't\. , 

(Wilwtfll never <M!eBU to hav« accepted I 
Hciin' VITr«rnlijtii>ii>i rlmngw, auH liewirly ' 
ftllncfiM hinifielf to Iti^jrinnM Pole, whose 
cliaplaiu ho became, and with whom he re- 
lUBitKHl in exile tdf, long K» thr- wi)>aI pDWT 
was unn-ooKiiised in KngUnd. In \'>i't Ni- 
cbolno IIobbL-s had nuf^CMdi-d him a* ricar of 
Clitfritdu ( Vahr EerU«ia«ttru». ii. ]40)> and 
in iri3'.l lie whj attaiiiled wilh Pule. Accom- 
piuiving IMe 1.0 Home, lie war in 15-t6 n[K 
|H>inUKl ' cttincnnu6 ' <ii Mu' Hnjrlifh hcMpttal 
of the Holy Trinity in the Via 5i Monsermto 
ill ihal L-ity, under Polu h» 'tuttiH.* Bcforo 
|r>4l lie liiid hiniunlf becniin- ' ruiitiiA,' while ' 
P.iIp Vitus now calhtd 'pror>'ciiir.' lUit in No- j 
v^nilier IM7 rioldwci! enlen>d n*. h novitw | 
till* Thf!Al ine \\mtm of Si. Pmil al Nuplce. He 
was suecially allowed to return to tlom« to 
attend Pole iwhi»»erv«nt dnrin({llieeoncl»ve 
which lusted from ill No\, Iftiy to 7 Feb. 
Ih^Ai, and which ri-»iilt>.-d hi thp (Jectiun of 
Julius [II. He then returned to Napliw, luid 
in October ITkiO ntiulf hi'4 Aolemn profeM>ion 
aAD. member of the Thealino order of rwgTjlar 
pm-stK. When, afViT Mari V nccestiion. Pole 
waA aiipninli-'d papal InpUt- Xc Hnfrlond, Gold- 
well wo." atloned to aceoinnnny Kim. In 
8ej)l«raWr ITifi.t hp j.iiTi<-<i liin maxter »t 
MAipizznnonnllielake ttf<i(irda. WhenPolt' 
waa detained by imlilieal complieattons, he 
sonl (loldwell on ipom Rntitsili' to London ro 
urgi'on the queen to Kr^ater baste ( Colli t;it, 
CAuit/i Hi/it. v\. ttl. 8vo cd., MinimariAea hi» 
i»i«tnictiou8 fnnn (.'-otl'.m. Mij, Titus D. 11). 
At. the end of November Ifioll Ooldwell 
TV'ached Calais (CVi;. StnU Papfrif. For.l55S- 
iri.'ih, ji, 34). In rbi- upriug of 1')"]^ he wim 
Brt!epi«l aa biabnp of St. Asaph, and, having; 
on \'i May r*c<iiv«<l llm cii«t<nly of his tem- 
pnralilieo (fWiTa, ST. 12:! I, wa.* sent, when 
still bishop sled or designate, on 'J .Inly by 
Pole to Home topveinformalion HpnnKn^'- 
linh aflaira to Paul IV. Pole warmly ooed- 
mended Ooldwell ai>> an old Theatine to the 
Thcotiiiepopt' (PoLH, K/>/i, V, U 15). Gold- 
well came back from Uouieal the end of the 
year {Ca!. State I^p^rf, \enctiB.n, 1 fioft-d. 
pp. 288, if93), and on 7 Jan. \7M ruwived 
full rmtitution ofbLi temporalities (Jlrrfem, 
XV. 427). ilia cousifraticni waa probably 
«SMt«d durin(t hi.4i>ojourn ut Kiiine, where 
be waa formally rmippointed to bis hishopric 
by papal proviairm | ».> On 2-2 March I06G 




Goldwell wiw nap of tite conaeentonef 
patron Pole. He bad already served a* an 
extiisinerof the heretic .lohn Philpijl (Kou. 
Artji and MonttMmt*. vii. ti^jU, od. Towns- 
end). He is chiefly reiuvmlwR-d at St. Aaapk 
for revivine the uiibit of pil^inuun* to »l_ 
Wiuifn-dV Well at Holywell in i-lintshire. 
and a« eonfirmiiip I he injiiiietioiiH xf liiii pn- 
deceesor, Biaboji Llewelyn ah Ynvriliwi 
a« lo tile ron^tilitt.ion of the i-^tlhedra! e-hij>-.^^_ 
ter (Willis, Sbrivy, vnl. ii. App. l^-oUH 
In I<^50 Ooldwell insued a series of injuo»^l 
tiniis to hi* clerffy, whieli prohibited mar- 
ried priecta from celebrating maea. and [i>r- 
badi- the K-hoola which bad be^mn I0 
held in churches tor tbe benefit of the 
(WitJtlBS, Voneilia, iv. l4o>. Il wa« 
urn|MMn<l to make (Joldwell amliasaador 
Itoinc, and to tmnslate liiin lo Oxford. 
31 Ool, letters of credence to the pope ' 
made out, and ou-'>Nuv. I&-j8 he rvayiv«dUw 
cuhI'mIv of (he lem|K>mlilir«i of hia new mv 
(fill, kinte Pnpen, I>.jm. 1547 *0, p. Ill: 
yrrdrm. XV. 49'i|, while On 5 Nov. Thonu* 
Wood, already nominated to St. Anapb, wai 
enlrii8t«d with thecnatody of the (scanty Iniif 
nonlitii.'cof Goldwell's former liiithopnc (Li 
Nbvb, i. 74). The deatb of tlie queen pi«- 
vented either scheme from beinff carriiKl oat. 
Al the timeof Uary'a()eatli<,17Niiv.) Oold- 
well waa attending the deathbed of CVirdi 
Pole, to whom he adminiatered extreme 1 
tion. He jfnve an aecnont of the nrelibishop 
IftAt dayato Heeratelli( ru/enrfariSfari- Prt/ 
Venetian, 1657-8, p. IfiSit ; c£ Hmta rta.i, 
/4/> of Onrdinai it»/e, tranalaled by Py*,] 
IftO). 

Goldwell waa imcompromiBiagly hv 
to the restoration of proI«#lAnti«m, In 
ceniber be wrote a letter to Cecil, in wl 
thoiiffh expressing his dcnirv to he al 
from the parliament, bo complainwl thai iht 
writ was oat sent to him, na be ^till nm- 
dderod himRrIf bi«hop of 81. Aj^Hjib {Cat. 
S/af* PaprrM, lh,ta. IM7-»iO, p. 1 H>. <>q 
Ifi May li'iull he waa summoned with tla 
other bi»hopi* l^forr the qin.-wi, wh>-n Anfa- 
hinltop HealJia ' inroinpliant diselAration' 
showed Elizabeth that she had nothitigto 
hnpr from their support. Goldwell waaal*^^ 
iiOOl, tndebtto tbe(|ucenf<>rihesub«idy. 0^| 
2U J iinehe wrote from <St , Albana t o bLs brt>tb^^| 
StMiben, asking him to go down to Walfc 
an<r aell hia good* there. He diaap|>i.*ar«d ao 
fluietly that his alarmeil sen'antA went t^| 
Stephen UoldwellV boUM- tuknow what b^| 
become of their master ( ft. p. I S'i). In vain 
Sir Nicholas Bacon onlervu thai the porC^ 
ahoiildhH watchui]. He sue^'i^dnl inf(ai&in{[ 
the continent in safeTT. The circumataBOea 
of bis flight BofficienlJy refute the rumour 





Goldwin 




rthat hv carriet] olT with bioi the registers 
For (be ffll '^f hi« lift) GoMvrt'U wu on*- , 
of th« iDOfT HCitv<' of the <'x>1m1 Kn^lisli 
CMlholioi. Hv titaH«l at onc« for itomi', but 
he liBlleick on thv wav.in'l i>iwut 1I19 wiuU'r 
■t I»uv«in. I*jirlv in M&rcn lotiO be wm 
Tnn at Aniwtirp puncliiLGiiif; tbe ti<.«eHuiM 
for tb^i viiTii|f)>. Hi- bail tn Kirrtiw monfiy for 
|.ki« Joiintcy <i"A. I-or. 1 S5iV60, n. MSJ). It ww [ 
[beliCT«d tnst h<^ woiilil bo mndpacBrdinnl on ' 
larrivnl, bill b<> rvfiiMtl Italian bisboprka 
~BV(>t»' btiiuolf 10 a ' recular' life, Mn4 t<J . 
iwiniuntt back nf Rnfiland U> liiflrhiirrU. 
~ if» tw> diiACTiptioEi of him contaiiioil in 
I mMulactoufl arroiiDl nf his car<«r which 
fil SprMd on ihp {Miitint-nl. tbnt Iik wai a 
nrv »ini|>ln juul fond man,' bud •ome ^atii 
of triith in ie ItA For. IfiUU'i. p.56:M. Rut 
on bis arrival ID lla)v bv went back to bi«old 
71iratin« c<>nv<inl of 8t. Paul at Naplaa, and 
in JaniuirT \Wl wna made its eunenor. Ilu 
«rw ainiii tb>^ i>Amt< tinrn rr«tonxl to b» old 
aAcft of wanten of the En^HAb hospital at 
^& Ilom*. Iliit h<> WR# Dxnt nlmoot al oner (O 
f attfrnd the cotinfil of Trt-nt (if^i). Hewa« 
theaolr E»Kli»h bbbop prt*wnl si tbpcouiinl 
(i&. p. 6.>o). und th* mitrki-d w«KCi paid to 
btm tbi-rt- annoyed Elizabeth ana Cecil Ter>- 
CDticb. H» wa> enip)oy«d rherp in Mm-rtinff 
tbti bri>vi:try, and urgwd RlixaWlh's (■xcom- 
municHiion un tbv cduncil. In tht> imtae y«!ar 
<iri62>h<^ wft.iin cnm'-^ipondi'nrewiili Arthur 
pole and tlip othpr kinsfolk of bieold nuL-lvr, 
"wliowcn* n'lwranjroirrnft tnntHi-t tlii'rt<*tora- 
tion ofrath(ilii'i!>tn in l''niirlAnd,Hndbi>)ilian>d 
thfir ati»iiiii<>r (tilTKTl'K., Armalt, 1. L Tiofi). 
iDDi.'OcnittiT IM)30o1dwf)l wna tnadevicar- 
ff^nfni to Curio Borromfw), the IntnouR arch- 
hiabopof Milan. Soon aftorhc wft)>»«iit on an 
unniCCTMriil mifnion to Klanilers, whvnct' hn 
found it iinuoA'ililo lo croan oror to England. 
Ht> T¥tumcd, th(T>_'r'.>r<>, to Italj.and io l&6fi 
bvpin (•> r^idi- al tfa<- Thcatin)? ciMivent of 
St. Syhi*!.t>'r on Mont<< T'livallu. On tbne 
OOcaMOiu, ill \TM\. \Ti(M, and 1A7J. Iif pre- 
■ided omr ai>Ti>ral rbapt«^ of the ThonliDu 
order. In lfi*I7hewaff made vicar of I li«- car^ 
dmal archpri<i«l in tbf l^l«nui fljurrh. In 
I674 be become riceip'reiit for Cardinal Sa- 
veUi, thr carilinnl ti'>nt. »n oflW which in- 
vulvrd bid hctinf; for tlw pop*" as diooi-eon 
bithov of Itoroe. In l-IIW Arthur Ilnll, nn 
Enj{lMbtraTi*llfr.n*rot^tofVrLl that li«- found 
Ooldwrll at li/frui-, and that he alou*^ ' uwd 
biincourlmujlr/whilcllierHtortlK^catbolic 
wW frotn KfnKland dvnounct-d biin a^ a 
hw*tir ilhl. fUaU Paj>rr», I\.r. l.ltW-K 
p. riH>. in IfiSO hw \» mfntioned tu- rvatw- 
injrsp^nMon fnimthtikinit of •Spain! I'^-Uom. 
lJ(47-W,p.0M),cndon IS April nftliat year 



I 



ii< menlionod ait liiiving Irft Rumo for Vanioo 
( ib. p. OTtl ). He wim rrally Koiitf on tbe W>- 
pWd Kng;lisb uinMOn [*** CAHrioB, Ett- 
Hl'!(li],»'Dl (o win back LuRlandtolbflpope. 
Il wan |ini]MMi-<l that hv nAtnnhi tvct aa biabop 
in charfte of the catholic misnianariea in Enit- 
Innd. But li«> WRK irHi old for such work. H<> 
waa taken ill at Kheiin.4,wh''iv-h>-badBrHTed 
in Mav 1 08(1, (In bin rci-fivery he was aent 
for to Bom.- hy P'lpn f!rvj:orj- XHT, and left 
Klu-imn on H kw^. lit) wai* again in Rome 
in April luiSl 1 Iluf. MSS. (iimm. oth Rep. 
p.'MH<i. In 1582 buatrii-dontbcconi^n^tion 
for reviaing thw lEomau uiurtyn>lo^'y. He 
died 'in 3 April l'*>85, and waa buried in tbo 
Th'-alinrconvfiit. Hn irni-jiiitwl (11 harebtMn 
eiKhty-four ycara old, and must anyhow have 
l>»>i.inovt>rimvi>nty. Addiwnonbistnivrlgsaw 
a pniintit of fl'ililwi-ll at Itawnna {Travels, 
p. 7!h. Tberfl is another in the English 
Cnllpjjp at Hoto^. Hi* was the laat aitrvivor 
of thi^ old Knf^itiih hitvarrhy of the Roman 
obedience. 

[AKhdfAcoD Thouas'a HisL of Lha Dinf^tt of 
9(. AMph, pp. 84, 301. 23S: Omma Willb'a 
8vmj of St. AMpfa. od. Edwards: Wood'e 
AtbettK Oxon. ii. 8?3-a. od. Bli<«: Wilkini'a 
Concilia, ml. iv. ; Cal. of Stala I'apetn, For. 
andDom. : Ryincr*! Pa;dara; Strypes Eccleai- 
aKli«n) MAmririitU and Annalaof tho Rofbrma- 
eioD, 8vo pditiinii; Bac«iU«lli'« Life of P"l*, A 
cotnpktrbioaraphrof Ooldwell, byT. F. K. (Dr. 
Knnv, of th'' Iiondon Oratiny), entitled Thutnoa 
4i(il(lw*U,lhp T.wt Sarvivnr nf iho AnciNit V.nff' 
li«h Hicrarfthy, wa* rrprinlcil Mj^iaiairly from iba 
Miinth of t87S. Mid in Koax and Itriilgcii'n Traa 
■Story of tt)« Catholic Ht«ntreliy.l 889. It prinU 
Ittl.ters of Ouldvall from tha TtL«nrd Office, and 
sivtBi a detailed nrcount of tiiallnli.BD life, rvlrtng^ 
chiefly upon Dt-l Tofu's IfJMoria d«lla nliftioaa 
da' dierici rqcolati (IMV): OMtnUo'i Vila di 
Paolo IT (teifi>. a&d Vita del BMbtOioraiuu 
Mariaoni (lOlff): and Siln'ii Dial. Cloncontsi 
R^nlArium (IfiAQ). Knox's aceonni ia aani- 
atariwd in Gillow'* Bibl. Did. of Engtitii Cb- 
tbolw*.ii. MS-2S,] T. y. T. 

GOLDWIN or OOLDINO, JOHN (rf. 
171U), organist and i^mposor, probably bfr- 
longed to the ltuckiu{;hianiliir« fanily of 
<{oldwinN. Ilia iiauic occur* with tboa« of 
Other Windsor choriHtvn ' a^M'wu.'d at I ».' in 
1090. Ui' bad hwn train-d by l»r. William 
Child, and surcet'dt-d him n.i ort;nnist of St. 
GeoTfTr'sChapul, Windsor, ou 1'2 April lft97. 
WB«miwti'rnMhiThorisU>r9in 1 70S, and ditil 
on 7 Nov. 171d. ManuBcript mu.'dc by fiold- 
win includes twMi(y-<>ni- nnlh»tna, nonric* in 
F, and tnoU't, in ChriBt Obiirrb Library, Ox- 
ford, four antbeou in Fltzwilliam Muwum, 
CalIlbridtr(^ M-vi-n anth^mfi in Tudwef's col- 
lection, Briti*b Musoum <Ilarl.731l-^). and 

tt'2 



Golightly 



lOO 



Golightly 



otbera at EI7 Catht.'^n]. Tlia fiivourite 
tnthfin, '] will ai-t Ood nlwuvA before me,' 
»ix vaie^it, wad piib1isKL>d iti Boyco'e ' f'atJit- 
dral Music,' vul. ii.; '1 will siii|^' nud 'O 
■pTtMi'. (Joil in !li» bolineAs' in Page's 'llar- 
moiiia. Sacm.' i. 206. ii. 2^7; 'Butold thv 
ssrvftnl ' ntul narviw in F imtjor Lii Arnold * 
•('atfiHlral Mubic,' to], i. Ituniev fiuotea 
with approvnl Boyce'« opinion tha.1 (Jolilw-iti'g 
mnBic niu a liin^ilArity in ir« modiilntion 
uncotnmon and aureeablp, and adds : ' When 
we couitidnr tho timu of hi» dL^ath, it st^oms, 
by llic suikII iitimbor of lii« works that hare 
come lo tay knowledge, tis if this coiiipi>sor 
lisd antici[uiti>d muny combinutiona luid pu- 
sagv* of II inut-h [liter pfiriod.' 

[Chaniboriayno's Siaia of Rnglikod, 1602 ; 
Sloaue MS. -1817. ful. 8S; Voycea OktJiMlnl 
Muic. ii. IS, 601 : catatogucs of miuical libmiH 
comiiuiniaited 1)T Mr. W. B. S)|iiirD; BuraoT. iii. 
flOa ; Giw*, i. COS.] L. M. M. 

OOLIQHTLY, rHARI.ES POUR- 
TALKS (l-iur-lHSij), .VngUcan clerfvniaii, 
bom nil •J.I Mhv I'^7. wa? wvond nwn of Wil- 
linm fiiili^htlv fif Ham. Siim^v, iffinlliMniui, 
by his wife, i'miicee Dodd. His mother's 
mothiT, Aliit'Riinfld, wn» KTanddaufthtcr of 
Cluirlee do I'ourtal<ys, ' a distinffiiiahed mem- 
ber of tn ancient unJ honoumble Iluguemil 
&nii1y.' He was cdiimtfd at Eton. In hia 
youth \if. travnllvil in Huri)]M-, viHttod ltiim<>, 
seeing thrro ' a gnaA deal if c«rtain cardinaln, 
and «'nt«ritiK iiitu tbi-ir rharncters and their 
politii-ji.' Ilfl mufrioiiliiri^d 4 Tilnrch 1824 at. 
Oripl CollapB, Oxford, where Im proreflditd n» 
B.A.inlSJK M-A.inlH.W. HiBBlUininpnts 
would have iuKtiflf>d hitt fliK^tton tn a fi^llow- 
abip, hilt as hiajirivate property wae thought 
to be- n disriuahficalioa he took curacies at 
Pen^hiirst in Kent, and afterwards «l Oodal- 
ming in Surrey. In 18iHl, when the (^hapelof 
Littlt-morL-, ni^arOxford, wuk aliii<iHt linisheil, 
ilwiuiiiiirgcfteilthatOoliKlitlv'sini'annwiJiiIil 
enable him t'l lake it without an I'ndowrnnm. 
Qolijfhtly fntiT»si into tliri »rhenii' with An- 
thasia^m, and houeht one of thi^ riiriniiB old 
houses in Holywell Sta>e(, Oxford. A siafflu 
•ennon hxi, hfiwovir, to n <liiiiigTei*nir>nT with 
Cardinal Newnian, the then ricar of fSt. 
Mary'«, Oxford, to which Ltttleniore had 
been anadjunct.nnd theirofficiol connaction, 
though they had been acciuaintauco« from 
early youth, at once pt-ased. Tn this house 
he remaint^J for tho wst of his lifu, kwuly 
intereetcd in church matters, and .'.tmjrgiing 
•gBiturt the spmid of what 1il« dwmed Ro- 
mabinn. For aotne time be wn." r^nnitf- of 
Haodingtoii ; he held the mifn-rahly endowed 
vicantge of Baldon T.iot, and he occtwioiially 
ofliciat«d in the chutrh of St. IVtn* in the 



Eafit,Oxford.forUamitton,aft«rwiinl«bi*bop 
of .Salisbury. lie wae a thorough atudenl 
of theology and history. His religiouii views 
were those of Hooker, and he (iloried in the 
traditions of the old high church parly, but 
his h&ltvd of Itomaoum. dwponed by bis 
Huguenot deaeent, made him a Rerc* nitpo- 
nunl of mualism. Erenopponentc admitted 
hitt deep tvligtoiix fi-elinvii and biii frank fpar- 
leasnew. He waii ^iendlT with men of erery 
diri*ion of thouffht, and "his charity waa ua- 
bounded and \inosrentatioua. H« waa full 
of anecdote, heicbtened by much dryneia 
of wit, and was uwaya acc««AibIe. For tha 
last three years of his life be was haunted 
by painful lUiuioiu, and his death waa a t«- 
Iea8<i frciii pain. He dit-d on ChrislmaB day 
1886, and waa liuri«l in Ilolvwell c«mel«ry, 
near Magdalen Oolle^, OxJord. The Very 
Rev. E. M. Goulburn, dean of Norwich, n- 
printed, ' with addilinna and a preface, from 
the " Guardian " of 13 Jan. 1886 ' hia remt- 
nittceiicrut of OoHghlly. An auction cata- 
logue of his furniture and library waa iaaoed 
in February li«ll. 

.'Ul his pithlications wore controvorslaL 
They comprise: 1. 'Look at Home, or a 
Rbort itnd ICiuiy Method with the Roman 
Calhotie^",' 1337. 2. ' LtrUer (o the Bisliop 
of Oxford, containing Slrieturee upon eerlata 

farts of I>r. Piiaey's l,etter to bia Ixirdahip. 
ty n ClerRyman of the Diocwo,' &c., IfMO, 
.'1. 'New and Strange Dortrinea extracted 
from the WrilinKs of Mr, Newman and bis 
Friends, in a Letter t.o the Rev. W. F. Hook, 
D.D. By one of the original Huhacriben to 
the "Tracts for the Timea,"' '.iiid i<(Jitioii, 
1811. 4. *,Siricturc«onNo.90ofthB"Trarta 
for the Timeo," l)y a Member of the Unire^ 
sity of Oxford,' 1841, which reappeared as 
' Itrief li^-inarks upon No. 90, aeoond edi- 
tion, and some aub»eaueut I\iblicat)oiiji in 
defBiicH of it, by Itev. C. P, Golightly," IMl. 
fi. 'Ciirr>iaiK;nden(y illiistrHtive of tJie actual 
fliate of Oxford with referenre to Traeta- 
riariisnt,' IS42. 6. ' Fact« and nocunKata 
jihnwing the alarming Rtate of the IttOcan 
of Oxford, by a Senior Clerg>-maii of the 
Dioci*',' ISfitl, Thi* puhlieation had ita ori- 
gin in an orlicli' in iho ' Quarterly Kitview* 
tor .laniiary ItViK. in which fh>- practicea at 
Cuddcedon College wf^ro severely cnticised, 
and towtiiob he<lrcw attenliou in n circular 
letter addresai-d lo the elergy and laity of the 
dioceac. At a met'tins in the Sbetdontan 
Thwitr.^, Oxford, on 22 Nov. 1861. an an.>ny- 
rooUB handbill, written by Oolighllv in oon- 
demnJition of the teaching in the middlv class 
Achoobi connected with St. Nirholas Collene, 
Lancing, wasgratuiloufilydisLributed. Sane 
8c\-er« redcctions wens then mado upon it fay 



ipon It by ^H 



Gocnersadl 



Gomm 



Dk. 



IBB.tW 

Jene. IML aifl 

in Ike Ckatk«r IkilMif 
bl^M iMd. Iff ft : 

to Ik Mtim wmk: 
Wi 
to 

•AnAddrass 
W Ror. & A. 

Sre 

C. W. titn«,nanrftL~ imibe md« nv 

Ui amai, Ub * Bnur AaoBW of BoHrarmid 



>m^ 



[< 



eXwrwif Aa4 tkik 1 BWB.«iB 



UK. Bmw»- 

tl'AlffllllM 

-ns»xtb*Adta» 

«f ikCWhfeM U* 
___, _j* tW'BwMlfcrdw 

W. Fan*, Kwwfl. la ibe wn* .nsr 
■diaaad tk «fUMe fam, ■«! villi 
bb'Snuf AaDBWof BoHranid 
ta DanoTLABd.' IWaltMkoB 
I CoU» VM tk>«UKl of pp. 
aSB-ao, 416-18. voL ^ of tW* 1^ of B^bop 
Wnberfbrae,' sttd Oofi^tlr nuttmi vitb 
•A Utter to the V«rr Ibfmad thm l>mn 
at Rboa, ecotai&iag ^ ie li iUft on IW l^e 
orBitlKip WUbtifone.' IWl. 

TwJt* Uood Sl<«. t. x3»-ni. u. 7^07 ; ftftpfi- 

Alitaai Oxon.; Ch»whMii, lftW.ur.7u-<. hy 
the Ber. R. S. MtIm; OMfdiu, S Ju. I(U6L 
p. W.] W. P. C. 

Q0HEB3ALL. ROBERT ( l«U3-l«46P), 
dmutiM ftiid diriB^. «^a» bom in Loadoo in 
lOOS. U« awthcuUu-d m\ L'krut Cliureli, 
Oxibnl, 19 April I616( Woml'i date 1614 i« 
vnng), prgc«fsl€d B.A. 19 Dec 1618, M..K. 
U Jnwltil'l, -ml ait. 11 Not. 1628 (Ay. 
r'mV. O-nn. tdI. ii. pt. i. p. 360, pt. ii. p. ^S>. 
llarioff Uk^Q bolv ordien b« ' bwsme » T«rr 

Ifttfid pnaeber in iln» uniTeraiiT' OVoon). 
la !£» he publialMd ' The Tra««^W of Lodo- 
vickSfona, [hikr of MilUn,' 8vo. a »oincwh*t 
KtilSy writtun pUy. whieb mij havu b«cti 
ucivKlxly ftL-i«l at Uifonl by studoiilo, but 
eoM not BppMriti hftTc biwii put uii th>- i^tup.' 
tif ftnj n^uar compiuiy. It w»b dtHlicatnl 
to Fruicie Hide of Christ Chiirch. la ilic 
mmt yvu appMTod e poem, 'TLu Lvviitw 
Hemin: mulAiniiiir I'lMTticall MfditatioiiN 
opOB Ue 19 uidiOCbapt«ranf Jiidg(>ii,'Svo, 
I dndicatpd to llr. Bart'.-n Ilnlidny. Both 
*nlmn«i contain ciirioii* <mirtuvi><1 fronti' 
I Apiffcn. The two pieces werv rv>priiit«d lo- 
[j^er in ' Poems,' 1633, 8vo, with the addi- 
o( ft small vuUivii<.>u uf miacvllanwiis 
Some of ttie poetical «pUtle* are 
' dftt«d 1635 Irom yiowor in Nortliainptou- 



iiiihihi^M^ fin^iri 

<iM«f C ii ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ <i 4 . 

«M ft fwBlWilM of 'flf ill 

ofttod to So- J«hft dlsunmae 

ixad loF^Dv^ • lbiM7«rtke Holy Wu*** 
ftCBfw-ef rnaww^n^ w— ijgBrt * >». 
k«rt Oiwumn. linear «man»MiW a 
DMt&.* WftodBMMM lhH*•MRokOlk• 
a«*aU,'«fenB■» to W ft D«««Mn kwB, 
£ad 1«ML 1m*^ tkn W kk Witt 1 .UUU. to 

iMMBBllhtL* 

ty«»<Vlihiiw>>4.Bfcfc ■!.«»; iMiuiS^ 
sun. M. 91 (BMNi>hCkwM r«cwi): 1««. 
Iiftiftc'a Onfc. rata; Oanw'a Oalkaftftift.1 

A.H.%. 



GOKU, Sn WIUJAH MAYNARD 

< 1764- 1^&\ field nuu«hftl.(.i.CIl.,«)dt*t MB 
of LMOtMkaiit'Mloael WiUiau Gomm of the 
66cli ReflMot, and Hkj AUa;**, datigliMr 
of Joami UftTiMrd. eaq^of BaiWdaM, waa 
bominBftrliftdoee.Vi'aMUidiftSfin irt^i. Hi* 
btbiY waa killed at the stunning of IVint* 
ft IVlre in th« iidand of < '-, Weel 

ladiw, in I'iM. Ilia niu ' nt IVn* 

nnre two j«ftt« ftfl«i, leanii); lliiw »uiu usd 
a dau^tcr. One eon died in rhihilMMd. the 
otitu- ihtve child rvn were bniti^hl up far tbtit 
aunt. M'tM June (lomm, atid Iwr tnend BUm 
M. C. Uoldawonhf. «bo luul bmh been 
soveniMeea lo thi- ^iighl*-t« of (Irorp- III. 
William Mayitard Ootum vi-iu gw^ued an 
Hiuiigii in ihi- I'lb n-^miint on V4 Mar and 
8 lifutenatiL on ID Nov. 17'M, befon be waa 
tvn ywrv of A([v, in rMjo^tiiliimof luBGither'a 
aennoM. Ho re«*ined at Woolwich proae- 
cuting bis studiea till tbe aaBiiiMr of I7M). 
when h«- j«iDt-d his regftnuml and emb«rki>d 
for HkiUutil with tbit <r!i i^dii ion uiidiT itie 
Iliike ol" Vork. Al th« iwilr npt uf Bftwn bo 
took pun itilhi'operftttanaotittir< Hi'tdor.anil 
tn iliti *-n);tiB«i»nata of Itt'iy-ri, Alkniar, and 
I'^innt,hna, nn tbcli-rtiiiiiiiiionftl'ihM Abort 
campaitfii in (.WoImt, bt> ret iini<.-d to Kii){laiid 
nnd n-mitintHl with bin n'|{iiii<>itt nt Norwich 
until Auifu&t IkOO, when bt> omtmriitsl with 
it for forei^ »ervi4i> iindur Sir Jaino* Till* 
tenev. ProceL-din); to tho Snaiii«b eoaal, nn 
iuuut.'ceaifulattviiii>l wa*iiindiion [*orn>l,tind, 
after a vieit to (iibtall«r und Liaboti, tlio 0X> 
podiliuu n;turiivil (u Kiiitland nt ihc uuui- 
niencFUiHit of IHIJI, (lonitn wa» iiuw ap- 
pointed aidc-dfl-camp to Oanamt fisnara it 




Gomra 



I03 



Gomm 



Livefpoo). Ill the following ye^r lift KJoinMl 
liig reffimeat and va» quartered at (.Tbatliain 
and I'lymoulh. On'25JuRe 180db« wiutpro- 
IItot4^d ojpijkin, Htid went with hifi regimt^t 
to In-laiiJ. In IWi hi.-ob1«in«l leave io join 
lliomihtarjcciHcg^^ntHigliWvi'ombf, wfifri' 
hu ctudk-d (ludiT Coloaol C«h«r»Br(L. Sir) 
lf«wnrdI>DiiglHS [•!■'''■] for the staff, until I he 
v.ad uf ll^O^, wht'o Lu I'uibnrkv^'d witli lii» Kff'f 
mf'-nt fur Hhiuh'it. The rxiB-ditiun wb* titton 
OTPT, and he. returned to hiH atudicH at High 
Wj-cotoIk), n-cdrinu at tin.- <jnd of 1800 n 
very m.ti8fwtoTy OirMticatit of liifi qiialiflca- 
tiona for tb« j^eoeml staff of the army. In 
1BIJ7 he took pari im &s8i»tant uiiarlAnno^ti^r- 
KCOCTaI in ibv uxpodition to tsiraLnund and 
Copf-nliaAen, uiitier Admiral Uamlripr and 
LurdCatLcnrr. Onln«ri'l»ni tii,*nyuiTii,>dhii> 
rv{[iitii-iit dI MiUli'w ill lri^hirid,iiikdtri«rollow- 
ingyearfJiiIv IWJHi embarked willi it for the 
FeniDiula iu ibvuiipL-dition uiidi-r iifir Arthur 
WrllMilrv. Bt'fure !uiilina, howi^Yt^r, hf. was 
appointed lo tbt- staff of the ujtwJition us 
WBiBLiuiL<}mirli-rmn.'>tiT-iriMii'm1. Ii>- wiiKprt— 
SMit tt fhii batlliv of Koli^A and Viminru.uiid, 
afterthe convention of Cinlm (■'10 Aug. IrtOf), 
msappnintpd iotl)r«tftffof Sir John Moore; 
look part lu tbe retreat on Corunnu, luid was 
one of tbt; Inat to embark alter Im rvcim^^iil, 
tiuiOtb foot. Lad curriodisirJoba'a body toit« 
Itaaty burial. On bin rcliim to ICn^land he 
Wfta i|iiiirrere>d with his regiment At ('anler- 
burr until. )ulv IHID, wh>tn Iiq wim nppntnlfd 
to l^ie stfttf (if'lhp ejcpoditinn to Walchpn'n. 
He waf- present at tbe aitifre und Nurrund'vr of 
Fluabirg, and wh«n Lioni Cbnrliiun'K nrmv 
TotirwIintolb«frtvttr-«trirk<'nBwauipi.sof Wal- 
obeieD, be contracted a fever from which ho 
soffivedforMjinvymrsafl'^r, (Jnihi? rotiimof 
tbo expedition lo P^igUiid liis regiment wan 
ftffun quartered at Canterbury iiniil March 
18!0, wbun liL- onire miTi- cuibnrki^ with it 
for thi* I'euinsula. In St^plrnitjor ho was 
appointed a drputy-n&si«lant 'Jiiiirlcnniii^tLT- 
gtmcrnl and wns ntt»ch*^<l lo deiienil Ij^itU'it 
eoliimn. He wiis prt.'Bi-nt at the battle «f 
Busaco, wbtTe li'.- hnd u hi>T>i' kluit iitult-r him, 
and at Fin^'urM d' Onoro (ft Slav I Kl I ). Ht- 
waapru moled mojor lOOct. lt<l I ; was at the 
storniing und ca]ihirc of Citiilnd Itiidri^'o, 
SOJatL 181:^; lit tlw sie^ and i^torming of 
J}adajo«,(J April iHl'J. where he wan sliKbtly 
wounded; at iho batik' of Snlaimmco.l^^ July 
1813, when* hv inLiticularly diMinKui»h'.iJ 
btmitelf, and for which on 17 Aug. be wns 
promoted liuiitt.'naul-f.-uloiii'l. and ul l.lii.-eiitry 
into Madrid, 12 Auj(. 1812. llewusjirewiitat 
the eut(r« of BiirgoB, which Lord \V l-IUukI on 
was obliged to raitw atli-r fiv*- unBuic'Cfiuful 
asaanlts. He led biadivision of ihe army in 
the disastrous retreat to the Portu(f>ieiu' fron- 






tier, and ii^in in the ma-iif^rly aiiraaiv to tie 
Ivbro, through tbe wild districts of TrBSHK- 
Montes, of which be had previously made 
n.*ooinnaiManc«ii. He t^wk part in the battle 
of Vittoria, 31 Jiin>' 1^13, iu tbe sM^se anJ 
CAptiu^ of St. SobaKtiBn,aBd in cbu hard%lit- 
iug in the south 'jf Frunoj in UvvemU-r lel!l, 
when he was again dJtfflitly wounded. Aft«f 
tbe conclusion of peace be wont to Paris and 
landed in Knf^lantl enrlv in Si^ptrmlirr 1814. 
For hifl serviw-a in tho IVninsiula <)oinni was 
transferred frum tbe 9lh fodi into the Cold- 
sLream ariiftrdx, and wan made a K.O.H. Ilfi 
received ilie gold crot>s with a clasp and tbe 
silV'Cr war mt- dal wi tb six clasps. On tbe rfr 
lure of N«i«)le*ni fpjoi Klba, Oomm went 
with the Co1d.iln.-ama to Hruesels and w«« 
n^niiTi appointiid to thf «Uiff. llv took pert 
with the lifl b division in tbe battlus of (2*»l 
Kras mid Waterloo. No better estimate 
the tmc charui'ler of (lomtn can bo fomwd 
than thai galhiTtNt from 1.b« modejl and cul- 
tivated letters to his sunt and iuBt«r, written 
from tbf stirrine eeonos cf (In- IVninwula. 
Th«8e littterH, edited hv Mr. Francis C. Carr- 
Oomtn, were published in ItiSl. 

In 1816 .<ir WlUum l«tt bis broiH 
ilenry, who hud been his comrade in tbe' 
I'eniniola, and wbo had breii sevcrel 
woiiiidnl IU July 1819. The following yea 
he lr>«t his dearly loved sister and 
spondcni, nnd in ]K±i his amir.Miae GommJ 
on whos'-di'ulb he •iiixwiK'd to her propmly.l 
and hecAm<- lord of the manor of RatbfV->| 
hilhi'. The years between 1H17 and I8S0^ 
were ■pent in hnnne service. Iliiring this 
perio^l he married tir^t, Sophia, ^anddaugh- 
ler of William IVnn of I'ennnylvsnia. wbo 
died in 18"27. and w.-condly, in IfeW), Elisa- 
W'th, eldfiji daiifihier of lx»rd Hobert Kerr. 
He had no issue bv either of theso tnarriaaMkl 
ile wu» made u full colonfl on 10 May 1-^J 
anil a major-gt-nsmi on 10 Jan. 1887. lit! 
devoted much of his Npari'timu to travel and^ 
to thf •liiily of lil:emtnre. Irt 1S39 liii waK 
appointed to the cororeand of the troops iu 
Jamaica, where lie fciunded a snnstorium f<ir 
till' white troops at Newcaslli- in tbt- moun- 
ifiins. (>n bis relam to England in tbe epriD^| 
of 1H12 he was jfiven lh<: c'nmmand of 
iiorthi*rn district, which he did not loni; 
tain, for in the autumn he waa appoiutedj 

Eivemorof Mauritius in sucoemJon to Sd 
iuuel i:?iiiitb,bart. He was promoted to th«l 
ruuk of tteiitenant-^neral !) Nov. ]84ti. H«1 
held the govuniment of Mauritius for seven' 
rears. I'nira Mauritius lie wenMor«lciilla, 
navitig reci^ived an intimation fmm the Horw 
(i nil ran of bit> a]i|Hiintinenl ax comniBudMr- ^H 
in-chit;f in India. To his bitter diMippnint-^^ 
meiil, on arriving in tlie Ilooghly be fouud ^ 



I 




Gomme 



103 



Gomme 



I 



[ Cluu, owing to Uu {MWic ftt hoaw aSUr the 
Kxh war and to the jeoloiuj of the , 

teoait of dirM-tan nf tlu> direct palniuagv of ' 

fthr crown, lii« xMnintaimt had tnwn cnn- 
nellttd, and KirCliiirliW Napier had JiHt ar- 
rived al Calcutta ft8ooniiiiand«r-iii-chief and 
poeeedod to the Punjab. Anipl*' oxpUina- 
liona bom the l>uk« of WulUofftou aii<i Lord 
FitEioj Somcr>ti:t awuiltyl hun Ht Cnlcuda, 
and tb'- nuuiu-.T lu which h« bom his dt»ap- 
poinlinfrii did him ihn graat«aC credit, lie 
n-tumed homf with Ijtdj Gomm, i-ieitins 
Cgylnn uti t)i>-ir war, nnd Brnvcd in l^n^lnnd 
in January 18-V). In the fallowinjr -Aiuriut 
be was a|)poiot«d oommander-ia-cbief of 
BotnlMT liut on tti« mvt of Martin^, Sir 
Cbarle* Napier sudd«nly nailed, and Ooum 
waa ap|>jiiiti*d iximmaiMt^r-iD^-liit-f in Iiidia. 
The fivr \ i.-ar* |id lu-Id [hi- ■■ hi ff command wt' r» 
cura|MirmiiM'l\ iitK->>-iin'iil. liv waaextKiB«ly 
popiUar, and his popularity waa pnimotMl by 

I tbt aoutal •coomplifiboivRt* of hut wife 

He was promoted to be full gvnt^ral on 
20 Juup 18f4. Uerelurni-d hnaw in 1S56 to 
4-nitiT twr-niT vivmnf diffni(ir<d ami fafiD<iunv] 
old a^. In 1(^16 he itad toacn appoinU'd 
iHmoren' c^douel of tbv l^ttL t<x>t,aaain An- 
Iftuit IS^ wan irMii<fr-rr<>>ll'> tbi^ oolon^lcy of 
thcColdaiream guards in Aocctifiaion to Lord 
ClTdc Un I Jtm. IW'-iS br r«M-ivi^ hi^Mion 
bcl(l'miirn)iaI,nndi>ntfiedi.-ulhuf8ir(ivor|p: 1 
k ((Jciub^r 178:^) wa* Bp|ioiiited 00a- 
_^__ of thi" TowiT. The cmnenr ot Riueia 
wbvn vt'ilinif iCn^iland in 1874 aeot him the 
order of f^tAiaititnir; he wao alneady a knii^t 
<if tbt- M^tind elima of the j>rd«r of Si. Anne of 
ItoMia. Ill- luul brRH iiutdc a grawl croivof 
the Rath, and ibe univeiviiirA nf <hiford and 
Ca[nbrwl}[e hiu! r^tnTem^l unra hini the hono- 
nu7 d«rn-r .)f I».C.L. (IS Juim^ iKJl) and 
mil rvKjNx-lirt^lv. II>^ died on !•> March 
IH75, in biB nin<?ty-fim year. 

Kiro ' Fii^hl'Mareliul (•unua' ^cholaretupa 
haw ainm Uwu fuumlMl at Koble CVdl*^*, 
OsJM. 

[Lrtiw and Jounak of PieU-Xan^ Sr 
V. U. G«an. hy F. C. Cwr-Oimm. IBSI ; 
Wetlington Umpatdim.] B. IL V. 

OOMKCE, Sis BEHKARD m (1A»- 

i6Afi), miliiiin,- etmuer, a Dolckaui, waa 
bom at Lille in Idw. In hii TOnlli be wmd 
in tbf catBpaign* of fV-dericfe Henry, prinev 
ofUraiiffe. He afterward* ueompaairdrna^ 
RupKTt to tlngland, and wa* kiiiglttMl by 
Cliarica I. He •erted with cooapieuoa* 
ability in the royaliw amy aa ■agiiwtr sad 
quartemuutei^-f^Beral tnn Joa* I6AS lo 
Hav 104(1 1 Ott ««r^ Puj^rn. Dim. I0M»-1, 
p. 446). Hi* plan of thr furtiflatiooa and 
eutle of Liverpool, dat^ 1 U44, ia pumjnid 




in tb« British Muaenm, Sloane ALS. 50^7, A. 
art.t)3. Tbeorigirialof hid plan of the battle 
of Naseby, drawn up by Prince KuimtV 
nnlrrs, »■■ nold with the cuUec-tions of Ku- 

Ji>rt and Fairfax 'i« pHpcre at SothcbyV in 
uiw l8o2 (lot liiSi. 'Ilie Uritisb Muevum 
ooiitHiris a more- elaborate drawing of this 
}Jan, and alw> coloured military plana 1^ 
liomme ofthe battle of Mnntoi) Moor (2 July 
Itl-Jjuid tti';R.<cjndtttfhtHlN'i>v.-bury(;f70r.t. 
ltU4), all 4*- Ux'Jti tDcUf*. lln-y Willi othiirw 
are in Addit.'.MSS. U-itO and lti^71. iln 
l/i Junr ItttO (iiimnif ntoeived a commiaiion 
fnim Cbarlca II, then at Rreda, to be (jiiar- 
itntnaatcr^-neral nf all forcw to be i»iwd in 
Fjkgland and Walm iib. ltU»-M, p. IN}}. 
At the fleotontion be petitioned for a pen- 
sion and eniploynent aa ei^iaeer and i|uar- 
lemiaAler-genatral ; be liso produced a pati-nt 
for che place of •iirTeTor-feneml of fortilKa- 
tion*. dattvl .10 Junv 1046, and confirmed by 
(bekiitgat ttrnlaon ).'> June I&48 (lit. IttOO- 
ItKI, p. -Mi). The: eaupneera* plaeea «e» 
filled, and tbu surve y or-y iDMliht p waa not n 
permanent appointment; butOonirapraepivMl 
a hftf peosion of 3001. a year (A. 1060-0, p. 
421 f. In March IflOl h«waa made cn^jaeer- 
in-cbief of all the kind's cantW anl fortiAca- 
tionn in tjiglaod aniT Wales, with a fee of 
1^ 4/f. a day, and an nlbwanee of 30*. a day 
far 'ndioi: cbargea'wbaD o^ij^Ted on (be 

1061 2 pp. 15&. 1^1 L .Inon; hii fim taalu 
werv (be repair* <if D<« er pier, tbe ervdioa of 
fortifications at Dunkirk, and tbe iurreyinn 
of rUbory Fort, (to 10 Jan. IOIH-6 tbe 
tmatury arere rvcomnMnded to OMlte R([ajar 
paymeat of hia jeorion, ' aa iIm Itiafl- bad 
immedia t e ocea a w for bin at Tbnriar' (ib. 
I<W4-0^pp.ie7 8). In Augoat |I»S inatnio- 
Iiona werenireu lur makuif) iliefuniflcationa 
at PortaDOuthaeoordiiu to Ute plan* prepared 
by (iomme (A. I(164-«, p. m). Hie aiiti- 
mattM and plan* fen- the worlu are in .Vdtlit. 
Mats. 16370 and XikH. f 'Jti. On 14 Nor. 
of tbe aaae y«ar tbe king dimrted bin to 
ghre hia ■annanpf Ui ooiBiimirtBari Jtar 
umiamic tbe Cu aavinblv, aad aMabliaUnf 
a oommuimffatioo with tbo TbaioM Thnm 
4ayi later be icceived a -——-""— to build 
aaaveiuMoa llv Hoe '>f FIjrmHilb ^il^. 
1M»A 9> 47. 01 r, i7n l^ Nov. UHM th- 
uflimi nTsednano* were autboriai'd tu luab" 
a bridge altar a mmbd p«ep*/»->l iitt * inmm- 
tor tbe aafrt brinKinit in gf mpl'ieivii* (Ut, 

iveii 7 p. sal, 10117 p: n-jj. u \iurU khi: 

be aopoaiyaaied ibe Ilaba of Yifrii to Har- 
wieb, wkieb it waa pf y d Ui nntmnrb 
u— all Illy an rMind i(A.]ru» 7 p A?;, Iwr7 
Pp;. «(^77L (Ja rvtemiDit t^i [^jmUm be waa 
l«k ipie ed«M» for forlifyiuf Itw 



Gompertz 



104 



Gompertz 



UmIwkv mid I'orlsuiuiitli, kk wnlt a« Ilu^ 

wieh ( Kpib, /Jiflfy, fid. WA, m. 00). In 

May IHtST In? whb etnplovcd ut PlvinoiiUi 

(&Y S^rt/^ /fe;jrrj.,l)nm. (fitl?. pp. liW, 136, 

187). In 1673 find leT'i be van mnkin^ eur- 

Teyaabniit Dublin. An intf-r^-stinEclocunuint 

wtu exliibitt'd at the Unyal IritmAcfidemy 

in IWl, and pmRlely priiitpd by CLarlew 

Haliday of Dublin, cntitk-d 'Obnrviitians 

ex^tlaiiiilory of u plan and vstiwale tor a 

ciradel at Dublin, Amgaed by Sir Itomanl 

d<j (iDitimf, KngiDMr^«ovnil in tho yvMT 

l(i73, wJfli ill* Man,' &c. A r«l'fiviice to 

fiomme's ' d(>pign or building n forUroval 011 

tlif •inind nwir Rtngsnod,' in thf ni-ignlxnir- 

hmw) of Diihiiii, occurs in ihf r«nf>rt of tlip 

vWvt ^r Jouaa Moore, enrveyor-Kcn^r*! of 

ordnanoe, drawn u]i in IhTo and iirinTj-d in 

'Lnttera TrritK!!! by AnliHr < 'apcl. Earl of 

Eb*»'X, Lord- Lie 19 tenant of Irelnmi," 5:c,, 4lo, 

London, 1770 (p. 167). On tbed-'utli of Sir 

Jonas Moore iht-yotiiigeri II J uly]t!**2,Lioninie 

will! appointed BUrveyor-goncral of onlniinrc 

(JCHkJarAL^rSB, Anfflite yotifia.i^d. IWl, 

pt. ii. p. ai9), lie died on '2S Nov. HiS5. 

and was biirii-don tbc 30lh(if ibut muiitli in 

llii' chapel nf ihitTiiw^T of IjOniloit ( AVm 

and Qufrie*, 2nd mt, \x. 262). By his will 

JjiImI 4 Hnd prnvi-Kl at l^ondon on '£1 Nov, 

IfiKfi {\\ C. C. l:tl, rann) \\f left lihoml 

leg^ficit's lo die Dutrb Cbiirch in Loudon and 

to Clirisl's IIoKpitid, llr-menliona his manor 

of Wnduall, or \Vaddi.-]ihii.n, in Waltliain 

uid I'elhain in KfinK lie inarrifMl, first, 

Kath«rinc van Denim, widow of Adi^an (P) ' 

Bc-vvrland, bv whum be had n duu((bu>r, 

AnDB, ro«rri.-<5 to.InUii Uiches, Thpirdnugh- 

t«r was Csllipriae Bovey [*(. v.][ Tim 'sou' ■ 

of Ocvminc nir>nlir>n«.'d im living in Drccuibcr 

16W> (,CW. fitain PiijifTf, Dnm. I«tr>-I(, p. 

96) wsj> prolwldy hie M«|i«u>n, Adrinn llex-ffw 

liLnd.towbiriin hi^ boqiifmtiied 2,000/. Gomme 

inarni>d eecondly, by licence dated 16 (>ct, | 

16H7, C*ntberioL- Liicae of llevio fllnrlis, a 

widow of Hf^v (ClicsTBB. Xoncfmi Mttrtiasie 

lMtnc»», ed. toater.nol. 682), wLo died a f^rw 

weeka bufura him. uud waa buri»d in the I 

Ti>w«r uliupnl 19 Oci. rnHf). A ttiinialiire 

portrait in oil of Ooinnw' in pr*fijt«d to a col- ! 

iMTtion of pliins (executed probably for him) 

iltafltmrin^ tbi^ Cfimpaifnio nf thi^ IVinon of 

Onin^e bnlwonn 162.') and Kiir), preeerredat 

the British .Museum in George 111'* library, 

No.cii. 21. 

fCnI. State pMpen. Dom. 16S0-7; Ko(«« su't 
QaericK. 3nd for . tx. 321~U. 2.12, .trd i>«r. ir. 338- 
389, Bth (ler. V. 246-T, 'iVi^Z. S9L] O. O. 

OOMPERTZ. BIC.NJ AMIN ( I77B-I865), 

matberanlieiiin and nrlunry. deM«nd<ed from 
the diatin^Uliud Jewish family of Gompertz 



of Kinmciricb, wko bora on & March 1771^, in 

London, where hli &t1>er and snuidfitW 

had been successful diamond meroiBats. I*^ 

barrv<], M a .T«w, from a luuTenitj edtic^ 

tion, he atudied wJrbotit ^iduice from an 

I mrlv ap, and when a mere lad wan iJamiliar 

I wit£ the writinfCH of Nowion. MuUvm, 

I asd Emenon. .'Vh rarly m 1798 bo waa a 

Tiromincnt contributor to the ' < ii^ttetu&n'A 

9I albeiuatival (.'^lupauiuii,' and for a 1<jb^ 

I p<)>riodi::ArTi»doB'thf annual priEfn of that ra^ 

fazinf fur the beet eolutionaof nriu-pmfalenfc 
u <!t>m|jiianci< with lii« fnllwrH wicb, \k 
tered the fiiock Exchangisbiit nontinued 
privKlf »tndir<:. He became a member of 
l)ldA[flthpiuaricalSorii.vtyof8pitAllte]ds, 
eerredasite president when it was merged is 
thi- .■\»lronomicnlS<x;ii''ty. From IHOtibcwu 
n frfMjuenr cuntribulor to iJif ' Tnuii*itctiong ' 
nf the lUtyal 8ncietv ; but \i\9 earlv tracts oD 
imafnnnri- qunniitic»nndporiBmR(l'^l7-lS)| 
which tirst eotablisliL'd htft repuUition w I 
mathrmatici&n. won? d(vlin«l by th^ nucietyj 
and vrn L>rtiil):>d and ^ublishLi] at hiK ow 
ejtpens"". In I^^IJI hi? was idi^lMl a I'MO 
and iiL lr>32 buciimeamtimberof the oouDci 
The foiimiatinn of tlirt A*ininumic-«l SocicC 
in 1620 opened to Oomppftt a frt-sh tit-Id 
Hfiivilv. Hn was elected a member of I 
rouiM-ii in IS2I^ and for ten yi>flr* actively 
participaled in its work, conlnbutin^ tiId- 
abli? papers on the theory of anl ronoraical in* 
)>lruini'iiid, the iLbL-rrution of lisbt, tl»> dtffiy 
rential »vxta»t, Xha couvfrtililn ppudulunt. 
uid olIiLT subjocta. With Fnuicis Baily 
[q. V.J be lH-)nu iu 16^2 lh(> cunatnictios ch 
tabl&s for llit> mt^iin placf^of the fistd utani; 
the work wae left uncompleted, becauaiv in 
tW uiid>t. nf thi'ir (-iiU'iiInlions, BaiW and 
Oiunpurtx found iheuiwilve? antiripal^ bjr 
th« [iiiblicfl-lion of llie 'Funilumenta Aclro* 
nomiAt' of Bp^cI. Their la^ioun>, however, 
resulted in the complete catalogue of ataia 
of the Itoy&l Astroiiamicul Society. Gom- 
perUt may be regarded a» (he Ia«l of thv old 
English school of mtilbeuiaticijuui. So great 
wu his mvereuce for Newton that be ad- 
herfMl to the almniit obnoletf Iaii|^iagv of 
flii.xiond throughout bis life, and ably de- 
fended till' fluxionnl n^'niimt what h« c«llod 
'tlie fiirtire' notation (_7*i*V. Tratu. 1 
pl. i. p. 513). 

ll. wai> n» nn actiinrv that Gompertz's 
laming MorU wba pftHbrmeii. On tfar di 
of an onlyson be retired from the Stock Ex- 
change-, and abmrbpd himsi'lf in mnTht-mat ice. 
When iheGuorilianlnsumnoeUIBevwah esta- 
blished in 1^21, ho WM a CAndidnle for th« 
actiinryiJiip, but tli« dtructw* olgvcled to 
liim on the score of bis religion. Ilia brotber- 
in-law, Sir Mosos Motm^fiorn — He nuuriod 



«ll«d 



J 



r 



Ahigsil HontwftvK in 1810 — in coniunclion 
with hie relative Nith&n llothiubila, there- 
upon fountlHl the Allinnoe AaRurancR Coni- 
fuiy {It^-i), Bml Homperta wss uppointfid 
mctuary uiiuiT ihe dtyil of mMtletnont (Mar- 
Tlii, Jii*t. o/ Ltwii't, p. 2iK). Some yenra 
prerioiuilT hv \i%a worlicd otit a new ivrim 
of t«blec ofoKntality fw the Uovnl Sociuly, 
And tltcM au^eet«l to liim in \fi2h Iua wvll- 
known law ol uumui morluUt y, vr Licli he lir«l 
e^xninded in a leltrr lu i'mncin HKily. The 
law twu on the it priori assumption that a 
penon'* raunUnov to dntb decreawK as liia 
jmn incteue, in auch a manner that at the 
and of miubUj inflnitdy small iutervaU of 
time be loacs equally inllnit^ly email projtoi^ 
tiooB of Ilia nnnainiu^ power to oppose Ue- 
atruction. ' lind Ihis principle been pro- 
po«uid«<! in the day^ of Nowion." my» Pro- 
MBor lie Marg»u, 'vitality would have been 
nude a thine 01, like attraction/ Ilismanagiv 
nMntof IbfAlliaiiet; Uotupauy was vo^ suo- 
ensfn). Ue waa frequeDtly c-onaulted by go- 
WDSMnti And nudv eUhuntt- eomjiutations 
for tb«anuy nriMlirnl tHjartl. In lrt4R he ri*- 
tm-d frotn active work and relumed to bis 
Mi<"ulifir laboam. He was a member of nu- 
meraiu) learned sorjeiiea b'-aidi^o tho'*it(iln'ndy 
BHmtiooed, and trae also one of the promo- 
oftb«Societyfnrth«I)iftii<ion of Useful 
'ledgo. Of t^ti leading Jowijth eharitiee 
he waa a prominent member, and Ue worked out 
ft plan of poor n-lief {Jewith Ckronieh, 6 Oct. 
]44£|. M'htch wa« nftrrn'arilo ndopti-d by tiie 
Ji^wisii hoard of guardiano. {iompert* died 
from ■ paralytic Eviiure on 14 July 1865. 

t^Mcmnir iu tb« Auiirtimt MH^Kxinr, sijj. , 
|-3I>, )iT M. N. Adlrr; Mnotbly NdLicod of A>Lr. ' 
Soe. zzH. lt>|.9 ; Aihrnttam. -fi July 1866. by \ 
PtohiMtr Do Morgan ; Li*!, of Wnrkx in Nntea 
•mi QiwHm. Sod wr. x. 103.] L. W. J 

GOMPERTZ, LEWIS (rf. 1801 1, lover 

of animalft and inventor, wait the Toiingedt 

fcrotherof Lk'UJaniinGompertz [q. T.^,roatlio- 

matirian and actitary. ili«i lile wuA mainly 

di'Toied lo proachinK and enforcing kindness 

to aiuniflLo. He beld thiil it u-a» not only 

unlawful to kill an uuimal. but to turn it to 

any lift" i)Ot directly beiielicial lo the animal 

it«'1f. AccordiBglV be ahsuioi.'d IVom all 

aniiunl fixMl, including milk and cgga, aitd 

wtndd neviT ride in a cnoch. In it^'M he 

expounded hi^ views in ' Moral KuuHihe(> on 

the vituatinm of M>-nand llrutKA.' The work, 

although wcentric and even extrava^uit, eo- 

unged tiiv movement in faroiirol the pro- 

lioa of aaimala. < fii 24 J unn of the some 

.ra public meeting wn» held at the Old 

lighter Coftt-e Hou«c, St, Marlin'.t I^ne, 

Widar the ainpioea of Richard Martin, M.P., 



I 






which reeulted in the foundation of the So- 
ciety for the IVivontion of Cruelty to Auimala. 
At first the aocJcry wm not aiiccoMit'u], but 
in 1 8^fi Oompenx undertook the mniiagemcul 
and honontry sMretarysliip, and prooocuted 
its work with eiithiiitiuim and energy. In 
1833 religious diffsrenfies broke out belwecu 
UumprrtJt and his couimittvu. One uf the 
subAcriliers, a clergyman, ima^intid that hi> 
dutecU-d Fylhagoruan doclrineii in the 'Mural 
Kui^uiriRK, and denounced il to 'be commit- 
tee aa hoittilo tnC']irii>tianity. 'ITie committee 
nwolved that the society should he exclu- 
aively (-hmlian, and Uom|)i;rfz, while pro- 
testing bis ianoccnce of the alleged I\thA- 
gorcauism. n.ijiigned bis connection witu thi-^ 
soeiety on thtt grauud.'i that il« work bud 
nothing to do with religions ftecturiiitiism, 
antl that, aa a Jew, he was practically ex- 
cluded frym ilio eociety by the n.*rm» of ita 
resolution. Supported by many sub^eri hers, 
he prucevded to found a new eocieCy, which 
be ealh'd the Animalit' Friend Society, and 
whiuh he inano^d with such seal and acti- 
vity tJinl il !»]iin'di!v iutf*trii>[M^l thr parent 
inetitution iu the e.itenl of iCs public work. 
In connection with (his Bocialy Oompwrti 
edited 'Tb<> Animalr*' Friend, or theProgreaa 
of liumanity:' but in lH-US, owing to ill- 
tu-(ilrh, be wa» obliged to retire from public 
work, aod lu a conaoquenco the oociely lan- 
guiahed and lUtimatefy died. (JoDipertx also 
poaaeased remarkable aptitude for mechaoJ'Cal 
acjnncf. Ilii' tnvenliuiis were very numi^rouj, 
hut the majority were ingenious rather than 
praciical. A List of tbeiu, thirty-ei^ht in 
numln-r, were privfttrly printed in lH;i"(/n(ifx 
I t-o Inveationa of Levns Gumperlz). Among 
I ihMin ani Bliot-proof uhljis, fori ifiratiuus for 
reflecting the balls in the pLoces lired from, 
J anda raeehnnic^lcnn-forapoplesy. Hikiuoat 
, %'nlual>lecontrihution to mechanical engi&our- 
ing was the expsiidiug chuck, which in n«w 
found in altuost eVcr}* work 'ibi'^p, anil attached 
to overy lathe,alt hough it is doubtfiit whether 
its inventor ever derivwl any pircimiary heni^ 
fit from it. Many of Gomperta's Lnvenlionii 
were designt-d to render the livei* I'lf fltiimalfl 
easy and comforlabU*- He was author of 
' MWbanical Invt-ntiona and Siipfri-Minns on 
Land and Water Looouotian/ It^AO ; and 
'Fragments in Ih'feiiee of Animals,' IW>2. 
!li» iiortrait appears as a fronli*pie«' to the 
Ifllterwork. Uu divd 2 Dec. \m\. 

(Animnla Fruind, 1833 ; Reports of tbo Ani- 
mals' Fricad SocUty ; pri«al« infarmiili"!!.! 

OONDIBODR or GOTTDIBOUB. THO- 
MAS (Jt. 1-184 1, prior of Carlisle— I he only 
«pi*copal chapter belonging to the order of St. 




AuatLii in England— won prior (tbe twenty- i 
eigbth) from 1464 to ir>07. Uuring tlut time 
homaaeoonaitiernlilc addiliomtoibcmonAJK ' 
twy, erecting the jviWctorj' an«l uthtr mo- 
nnstic buildini;^, only t.hn foaiidnliona of 
whiL'li aw ruuiaiQ. iiid wwj)i.-rliiip8lbu tuuet 
•hUted arcUiteci *vcr in liie priwy. In llie ' 
calbudnil pruuf» of liis gnai ekUl aru KtiU lo 
be Mt'-n in tlir jicmcii of St. (JiilhcriiniVclmp*!, 
where bi» iaitials lire ou tbe ficroU work. 
Tb« «rwm which RvpiinitHiI tbe choir frxnn 
tbe aiales before 1 7M was uIao bi$ work. On 
BJl old ebest Id tbe v««try is the following 
L*tin verne: * En domiis fapcc floriiil. I^iou- 
dibour «ub t«ffmine Tboiuiu.' He aiiil C'wtell, 
]]rior of Uiirunm from liiH to 1619, 'are 
Uiorcughly iduDliSt.'d with rho um of anuln- 
ffaut and peculiar schuul of nrl,' biil it lit 
inipu»ib1e to say wbJcb of ibcni hud iho 
]jriurlty (luvvtiiig of Socl^ity uf AnlitjuuriGS 
at N^wc««ile-ou-Tyii«, I86Ui GtmI. Maff. 
ItKH, 1,213). 

[Duplulc. vi. 141 : Burn ud-I Niculson's HiaL 
of Wr«ini"ivlBii<lanilOumberlKiiJ, 11.303 ; R.Vf, 
Billing'* liiMUof Cnrli»l«Cnthnvlm1. j>(>. *. SJ.] 

E. T. a 

GONELL, WILLIAM (rf. Ifi4nf ).i.cbolar 
■uul uiimi'iii.iiKli-nt iif KnumiiM, a n»t(w of 
lAndbnarh, Cambridi^-ihire. pmcivMlt'f) B.A, 
•I Ciunbridgv l-W-rj. nnd M.A. 1488, sad 
pri'ItfLbly muintaitifd himself by touching at 
iLe iutLven<ily, fop I'iis nitcak* of him m b 
* public praft'wor.' He became au intimate 
iViODd of KruoiniLH, who pT'ibubly rucnn- 
in«nded him to Sir Thomiu' More, in whose 
household bi> sitLVi^iLpdDr. Cleiiifnt aaCutor. 
Ui- IK Mijil tohti\u btH'iL allachedal ont: liiiiu 
to Wol!iey'shim«t-bolil, lu Ifjl? Wi'j«1,bi«liu(j 
of Ely, ooUbUhI bim to the recioryof (?uniiiz- 
ton, l!iLtllb^i<lgn'1lir■^ Itonell Rnnoiiiic'i the 
fact in an extant UitfT f^ liiH frii'nd Henry 
riold of St. Neot*, in«)iiinng if (iold rail hire 
a pn-aclinr of Aimub- fnith nnd bom.'fliy, and 
«ndeaToui'int{ to twrrow (.'icenj'a ' I^(l«r9> * 
for Moro'd UM (IIlu:WKa, LftUr» and I'ujieri 
iff tAf IM'jn 'if Henry Fill, ii. 2. App. IT). 
six »hort lettt^rs froiu KraHmus lo Ooiit-l) ;ire 
ttXiaiit. which indiuktu a l-Iosc inlimiirv he- 
twetfii tliR two. Tim riirlitwl wnfi wnlt<iu 
in 1511, rbe lulaet in ITilS, Kra«inue wa^in 
the habit of Iwidinjr bis horse lo Gom-ll. Or. 
Knigbll/jyr(i/"/>a)rwMii, pp. l"tl-8) U)iu*-hi.-« 
Upon ihe chief points of int^reet in tlie let- 
ter", nn'l ■mmmiirii?* of Ihpni will Iw found in 
Brewer's ' I<i>tt<>rt« and Pawns of Hi*nry VIIIV 
Rflipi.' Accordiiic to Tiinner, Lionel) wai 
iheautliorof' Ad Kra)«niiiin RolinxKlamonsm 
E]Mfltolanmi I.il»er,' wbifb Ui>dd may alludv 
to whc<n htf speaks of EnianiUAV ' Icttera lo 
him KXlnnx ' iCfiurcA WiV/o/y, i. 30-j). IWd 
calia liiui 'an uuivuraai and |>olitt! urilt-r.' 



Than KM (brihr-ibnr Une» sddreaBed \a bhn 

in LeUudV ' Encomia ' (1S8@, p. 38 ), entitled 
* Ad Gonirllum ul nrlH--ni rHlimguat.' In Cola 
MS. ix. SO the will nf Gonell n&mtM amoiif 
the execiitora ' my bixrtbw Master WilUom 
Gonell, Pry<Mt,' thin i« dated * Ult. Jan. 37 
H. 8.' The eiact dale of bii death u sot 
liiiowu. 

[BrawcT'e Luucn and Papen of Iho Rain 
of Hoory Vlll. ii. ]. 106, lift, 2D3, ii. 2. 1370. 
I62tt, App. 17; the ind«x to EnaoiuVk Lmun 
inthoLvyiienvditioDof htR vorka. Bnd«r 'ttoael- 
lii*; ' Coopcir'a Atheni* C^ntnLr. i. IM. A37. <*hM« 
a Liat of Tvfonmcex ti giTco : Pits, I>e Rabu 
Asfrlici'. A\ip. 1019, p. SALj R. B. 

OONVILE, i:i)Mi:MH'i-13ol),fouii6Br 
of Gonrillo HaJl, Cambridgft, and of Roib* 
worth Colb^v, Norfolk, is described is the 
commerooralion Mtrviei) of GonriUe and CuH 
Colle^ aa ii ann of Sir Ntcholu Ooni^s, but 
Dr. BennethaK given vi^rr strong grounds lor 
regarding the latter iw UU elder 1^ilier,ud 
for holding thai be wua n «on of Wiltmm d* 
Ovjnvile, an alien, ' natua dc pnlt-state reg' 
FranciacomiiioriLna inAiigUA.'who obtained 
the manor of Ijerliag, Norfolk, in or about 
l3Wt"i. KdinundOonvilalinitappcatKSRnvlor 
of TbMliic<lhiim,Hiifr<»lk, in V.i'M, bein^ about 
the same timedtewardof William, furl War- 
nm, aud of tlir b^r) of [.ancaater, who botb 
held laffte property in that n»-iKfabourbood. 
He waa rector of Uu.ibw&rth in 1320, rector of 
Turrin^onSt.John lu lim,itodi:«iinmiiwHoner 
uf Uiu mnntlilanda of Norfolk. 

Ilia tirat foundation wa« ut KushwOTth ia 
1342. This was a collegiate churrb vrilh 
vndowmvnt (i,K. tbe rectory and manor 
Uualiworih) for a maater and fmir MU 
MU> provides for live priehtfl to bn conlinu 
ally n-Hidrnl in oiic hniiw>, liione of whom, i 
mofltur, he coiumitH thi^ ge.n<'ral ov-nMght of 
bi« rminijnt ion, and n]»o, ouecially and penoo- 
ally,thertpiriTutiIcAr»of uiMown. . . . Th«n 
is uo bint of any educalional purpoaa in the 
original foundation. It woa « purely rali- 
^iou.t foundation' (HRKMfr, who givns n^ 
e.rtrniaj the original dtixd of fouiiilalioii, q^| 
which tbr Fitatiites are inoorponte-d : th^H 
apjMiarit til b(^ Ihit i-nHif't roinplolc vxajopb 
of fetatuip^ framed for fbww rural collcgv), 
Tbi« willrKi', nftor having Ix-en »omewt 
all<-n-d and Inr^lv addt>d to by Nobiu^qai 
bcnefactionR, shared I hf> fate of otlxr relive 
Uoiici<« Ijvhrinfr snnpre'wed in l<MI. It mi 
horcmarliedtbat Rloinffield mi-nttnn«(A'« 
i. I^~|tin earlier foundation thnn thif, bat 
McigttK no autboritica. According Ut 
Oonvile waa co-founder, with Karl Wi 
and the Karl of Lancaalfr. of the Ptii 
PrwwbiTJi' Hoiiac at Tbeifonl. 

It i», of courtte, by hi« Cambridge fount 



ihia 

th^ 

or i^M 
lowfl 
tini^l 



i», bat 

I'om^l 

und^^ 





Gonvile 



107 



Gooch 



tioa, DOW known u Qonrille and Caiiu Col- 
lagw, Llutt QunviV u ino»i wIpbrsttMl. In 
1348 he fthiairm) from B<tw>ril 1 1 1 ji^mtiaiion 
to establish a coll?tr^ >» Lurteburgb Lane, 
now known im Kre^dchooi I.U]i>. on the sit* 
afWrwarda oocmiird by Cimms C^ri»ti Col- 
hg/e. ltwwofficumTc«U«<J tIi»> Uallof tb« 
ADBfiiiriUMn of UtP Bleeetd Virgin, but wits 
commoiil; utdmore fuuiliurlyknowu mGoo- 
fille or Gunnel! Hall. 'l1iertatHt«whieli he 
proviik-d ivt liii^ rcHiKJBtion an Htill ettuit, 

rAceordiu)^ ti> Ihi-t ileni^ii hi* cnlli*|ce waa to 
Zttpnia-nt Ut« hbumI eour^ of atiidy includad 
)□ the 'Triviiitn' Bnfl '(jiihrJriviuDi,' aw thn 
la&i« op nn almost ex^liiuri-ly thi^lngicAl 
training. Each of thw felWvrs was rtniuin-d 
to Ittre •cudiul, nmil, luid l<M-tar<-il in loinc, 
but on tite completioo of hU course in arts 
tlMolOfty waft to form tbi- main aulijavl, hiit 
•twbea being uIno f)ir«el«d with a \ivve to 
L «aaibtiii)|r biiti to k^ep tin act» aud diapute 
twith ability in the- schoole. Thr unanimoiu 
ii of iJii- )i)ii>t<.'r and feltuw* was Dec«^ 
before hi' omlJ apply hini»»-|f to any 
faculty, iliiii JE. as 31r. Mullini^r 
ahowa — from nlicim thi.'' xtattritifiil in taken 
— OoaTilt^'fi first thought waf for tiieolo^ 
an-1 lh« Intttiitiif iif n li^ni"-'! [triiwthoofl. 

§71ii? (M» in willi what little- we can uther- 
wi>« infi/T of hrti rlinntctvraea gtiouai-ouniry 
rl^rf^inan. If tbi.-* wm bis intrniiuu, bow- 
erer, it wad noi iilt'<u«tber adbcn^l to. Gon- 
Viledit'd bi-forehiii loiuxbil i<iii roiilil becarrietl 
OVIfBiHl loft hi» work inibobaridxif William 
Bntem4in,biiihini(if Niirwit'U. Itdoca mil, of 
caoTM'. lie within the snope of thlt notira to 
trace tb<? fortunua of tbr colkvv, but it may 
br n-marknl that Itatrmnit, ))n>>iil<-i) cbniiiiiiitf 
klbu livaliiv of tb«? olli^if^ fniiD FriN^^'niHil 
rtoil* imovrni ii>ti>, miiil<-ci>ni>i()i>ral>l<> al- 
tnu inthr4titintj!ii, nniloonl'nniifd then) 
OTV (■Inu'lv to llioMf of hi* otrn fonnilalion, 
litv linSl. Tbi? alfratiMi VM mainly 
the comparatively (rr<-alw impor- 

RffniNl to the study of th« civil «nd 

'tantHt law K" aininti ibat of ihvology. llje 

c'tlli'L.''' rv<;ii(iHi.| |Kipiilarlv the DanM^oftion- 

vUle llnll unlil llic nrw charlrr fur ihp en- 

laived fduudAlion of Dr. J->bu CaiuH ( U'tUi- 

iSfS) [q. v.l. (rraDiL>d in l.Vw*. Th« original 

_ atwit pniiiii-ti to ()<jnvtb-, datpd \VeeI- 

ItninaUtr. 2h Jan. 1^3 Bdward III, is jirinu-d 

IJD ' iK-cunK'ntB relatiu^ to (ho Utuvenily 

Mai} t'i>l)i>|£>'" of r'ninbnd)ii%' iMyJ ■ mm an* 

I cIh' *wrlir«t ciAtutct^ jfrnnicd to the ool- 

br William ILateman ~<{. r."^ biebop of 

VATWlCb. 

Tbv fiMt date ttf GoartleV tleath is not 

t^Bown, but it muFt hnvo b««n somp time in 

11361. Tiiv la«i aoual m^ntkiM (.if hiiu i* on 

' Uanli lilAU-l,and his Bae^eaaar at T«r- 





rington waa inatilnted 18 Oct. 1951. Tb« 
fauiilv bccaar cxiinct in the malv line in 
the tnird generation following. 

I Mnllin^pr'ti Hi»I, of the I'niv. nf Cninlir. ; 
E.K. Deiu>«t'BRiuli«orih(7ollti^; I'nic.of Norf. 
Arch*ol. Soc., roL %. ; WiUia and CInrk* Hiat. 
ofiht. UdK. <-rCamU.l J. V. 

GOOCH, ItENJAMIN{/.1776),ai««eon, 
was probably the eon of Benjamin Ooocb 
id. 173fi), iwctorof A#hwrlitl«tw, Norfolk, 
and hia wife Anno Phyllis (tf.iroij. He 
pmctiMd chiefly at Shottisham in Norfolk. 
He wa« appointed auiVMn to the infirmary 
iherw by tlie founder, William Fellowes. In 
l7o8 hi; [luliliahnl a volum•^ of ' Ca«(.-» and 
Pmciical m-uuirka in SJur^rr,' Hvo, Louilna, 
of which an enbuged edition waa iMU«d 
under the title of * A Practical Trvatitt- on 
Wonndit ami olbrr Cliirurvifal SulijtH-ta ; to 
which in WfUxed a .sboM liirloricnl Account 
of . . . &ur|,tTy and Anatomy,' 2 voU. 8vo, 
Norwich, I7i>7. He artervarda added an 
Mippndix callttd ' Medical and Chirur^cal 
Observations,' 8ro, London, 1773. A colleo 
livri edition of hia worki appean*d in three 
votiiraea, 8to, X^ndon, I'H^. On9Uct. 1771 
Ooocb was chofvR conitiiltin^ nui^geon to the 
Norfolk and Norwii-b Hospital. At the nv 
que«J of H ay ter, bishop of N orwich, ho rinted 
beforv 17/j9h1I tlie^iuit buttptlalf in London 
in on)«r lo obaitrvH llicir working;, and his 
rcporlA were of the grDatcM M.TVice to the 
roinntitti-e for ihi? Norfolk Hi>irpiiBl. Some 
stjifpcal oiuu^ comniiinir/iifd by bim to the 
lto\al ^^iety were printed in the 'Pbilt^ 
Mipiiical TranMctioni (rola. lii. Ixv.) 

(rrefaccft Vj vorka i->t«(l atton] 0. G. 

QOOCH, 81B DANIEL (1S1((-1880), 
railway pioneer and inventor, bom 24 Aus. 
ISlti, was third son of John Gooch (1783- 
IHWt) of llitllinelon, Nin'thurobiTland, br 
hia u-ife .Anna, (laughter of Thomas Ixmg- 
ridffe of Newc«»ll«>-ofi-Tyne. At Birkin- 
abnw'g ironworks in hi» native Tillage of 
BedlinglOD, Uoocb acijuired ae a child his 
lirst knowledKc of cni^nti-nng. lie there 
met Gi.>nrge S«plienK>ii, who was well ae- 
tiuiiint«>d mil h llirliiiiMbiiw. ilia apprentice- 
lOiip ua a practiml engineer was served in the 
Forib Street worksi of Stepben»onand Peas* 
in NewoaslJe. In li*ft7, wlien afied twenty- 
one, he was appointed Incoinotivit auperin- 
t»'ndent iiflhrnn-nt Wealeni Railway, on the 
r>«oinmendatiDn of Marc Isambard Brunei 
[q. V. , the engineer. He ludd ihiii pimt for 
tweniy-wven yi^n. <iooch look nd^'anta^ 
of the apace allowed by ibe broad gauge, 
adopt«'d by Brunei, to design locomotives OB 
lM.ildly original line^. His eni;;inee attained a 
speed and safety not prennuflly deemod po»- 



Gooch 



so8 



Gooch 



«Uv,uic)not«xoa»ded«iiux!. UU'Noilli&lAr' 
en^e, '»raarrBlof BymoiL'try unil coinjjaft- 
neMf' ronfitruclwl about 1939. w tiill u: ^ wiu- 
don. ll'w «n|piif I'Jilli-i) ilir ' Nortli Bnton,' 
eoofttruclod i» 1 p-Vi, \a tlie [lal teni frum wliiuh 
■11 engini*8 for bn^d-gnuifv^l vx[>r<i« trains 
wero aftenrBnl« <li'j)i^i«<l. In IS-Ui he in- 
Tented 'the suBnendE^d link motioii wtlli tlw 
ahiftiR^ radiiiH link,' firft fitt*ci U) the en- 

S'ne Cfiil'/tJ '(Jrecl Hntiiiti.' He, witli Mr. 
cNaUff'lil.nlDo coiiatnicttMl l)ieiifirlit4> indi- 
csturiUL-d on I'jui.'iu'X ivi;^. Hiiii.-x^rimeiiiH 
OB atmosulK^rii^ ivsiiitnueu of trains anJ in- 
ternal and rollinfi; friction fully irxhibil'^il hiK 
iaventivo gvnitu. For tlit- {lurpoM* at' Lia 
rMonrcbca he- cotifilmrtpd n. dytiamomclw 
carriaffei'inwliicliHll tlw nwilu wuri- rvgiJ- 
to«d(autctmfttirally ) ujion alarjic Bcak, op- 

C'lt) rar.li other on the same roll of pa])tir.' 
read an ncc^jHwt, of iIii-jm- rK|H'rinirntA 
before tlie InKtifulinn of Civil Knjiiiefirs on 

18 April IS4H, nnd a. full report wn« printf^ 
In the 'Horning II'.Tald ' of thir itcxt tluy. 
Ooocb, u a (;!iam)iiiin of tW broad ^au^e, 
waa itTcrwly criticised by tho advocates of 
tb« narrow (Euiigi.'. but ihu rvmiilte of bta ex- 
perinieutD provftil true. 

In ItWM Gooch re(-i)^Eid IiIb post u loco* 
motive «ii{irririLitiidt^nt to innuf^'umLr' tt^la- 
f^nhiA Mmmunirntion hetwnen Kn^land 
Eind Amoricu. Uiii etfurte were sucwdssful, 
and he despatched the tir«t cable mciHage 
acroi»< tlii3 Atlauiic in 180(1. For hia energy 
in conducting this eiiterpriae he wait niade a 
baroni'ton l&Nov.lSCIC. (.lutil ttii-cnduriiia 
Uf« he wao chairman of the Ti^lt^^praph Con- 
frtruction and Maint4>nnnce Companyt and 
was loii^ a iliivclor of Tin- AtigloAmt-ricuu 
I3oaipaiiy. In ISfin tht^lJrent Westfrn Itail- 
uraywastUBcriticiilBituatioa. It« atuckeioud 
at 88^, and Wnkruf^tt-y oit'inrtt) iRiitiiiiimt. 
CKxxth re-enlercd its eernce aa rlminnan of 
tb« board of dirwtore, and lii» nrlivily and 
floancial .nkill rapidly plocH rhf railway on 
a sound footing. He wa^ deeply intereetud 
in the conatniclion of the Sevorti Tiinnt'I, 
whicJi was opt-niid in 1887. llv remainwl 
chainaaD of lliet railwiiy till his death, when 
Qiwt 'W4«l<>n] Ktuck wiu tjudtvd at ovur 
180, Qooeh also HU|)pr>rte<] Ihu building uf 
the Great Easi^rn Htotimship, and v/bm nneof 
hur owni-rs when »he wac puTL'huMrd for lay- 
ing the Atlantii- cable. 

Qooch wae M.F. fur Cricklade from 1^5 
to 188r>, wa« a D.I., fur \Vi]tj>hir^, a J, I', for 
BerliEhire, and a prominniil fiv.'eEniuion, being 
grand mword-lK-arer uf Kngland, and jiro- 
Tincialgrand-mnnttirof Hprk^h in? and Buck- 
in ghain»1i ire. llediedat hiiiresideneE>,C'lewer 
IVrk, Bt-rkiiliin-. laOrt. 18B9, and was buried, 

19 Oct>, in Clewer churchyard, lie married, 



fintj on 22 Itlardi 16S8, Mamrwt, u^^^g 

of i Jeury Tanner, ueq., of Bianopwearmooili, 

Durham: alif difd on 22 May l8cW; lod 

secondly, on 17 Sept. 1870, I^mily. roungwa 

duughlor of John fturdcr, *fii|.. of Norwood, 

Surrey. L(y his lirst wifo he bad fouruu 

and two daujfhtcn^, tbv eldun ten, Unatv 

: Daniel, oucriinliiig afl Keoond baronet, k 

I portrait b in thu board p»iw of the Gmi 

I Wwl^em Hatlwnv, PadiUiigtori, and a huti in 

, the ahareholdom^ ntMling-rooro. 

I [Tiinw, l« aad H Oct. 16B9; Foirter'a Buo- 

nrliigi^; Men of the Time, ltt87; En^BBcnBCi 

■20 Otl, IHS9.] 

I GOOCH, KOBKItT, M.I). <I7(M-IR30), 

fhvAician, bum ai Yiinuonih, Norfolk, in Juiu 
7&4,waji son of ItobvrtUooch, a sea captain 
who waa grandson nf Hit Thomaa Qooeli 
[q. V.J He waa educated at a private day 
school, and when Rflavn wa» apprenticed to 
Giliw Rorrelt, aurg«on-a|i€>tIn-cary at Ya»^ 
laaiitb, who had a great practice, and bad 
shown ability in published obM-rratioss <n 
hernia. Gooch iiaed to visit a blind Mr. 

, Ilarlev, who gave him a taste for litenUoa^ 
and pliiiusophv, whk'h ho f«It gmtaful MjH 

I througbout lile, and acknowledged by a h^' 
auuetlarguinjiroportiontutiifl means. Whm 
fivAmm eante to riiiil. tin- woiindfid of iba 
battle of Copenhagen, Good) Wt-nt mnnd iba 
Yarmoulb llospital with him, and w&i d^^ 
lighted with The kind words which the mH 
miral addressed to every wuundud mao. ^H 
18tM he went to the university of Kdinhuigh, 
wlivre amongf hi* chief friends were Uennr 
t:>oulb«y [q.T.jand Willium Knigblou[q.f'^| 
In Ilia vacations ho studied Germun at N<|||| 

, wicli with William Taylor [q.r.J, and bi:caine 
engngi-d to marry Mina Boliiighmke. Ho 
graduatod M.D.June 1HJ7, bis inaugural dis- 
sertation bring on rickelw. Aft)>r a tour is 
the bieblands, and ^ome further holiday in 
Norfolk, bw (»me to Limdoo, worked uud«r 
Asllej Cooper, and in lHl)8 began general 
practice at Croydon, Surrey. He also wm« 
in the * London .Medical Keford,'and married 
tlu' lady to whom bii hud bvon enfTtignl for 
four years. She ditnl in January 1811, and 
h«r child in July of the same rear. Ha left 
Croydon, look a hinue in Aldtirmntibiiry, and 
afti!ral/}ur,in which he became intimiirewith 
the pout Soulhey at K(^«wick, wa>i admitted 
a licentiate of thu Ciillegc of I'hrsicians 
6 March 1812 {Mp.nk, Coii.^^fPhyi. ili. 102), 
and wn» wicm after elu^ted Wtiirer on mid- 
wifery at St. BanliolomewV Hospital. In 
January- lMl4 he married th* siflter of Ben- 
jamin Travcrv [q. v.], tJio surgeon, and in 

, tSIH went lo live in Beme-rs tjin^et, whare 
hi-H practice in midwifery and tbt- diiwiBain) of 
wouun soon bvcamv Urgv. Hia health 






Cwble, and ofi^ «li%i' ^M •■ mtfmt im 
vofk. DuiBf flD« oT Ub jovam akmd 
far bMdth W wnte tW lattm oa ^Bma^M* 
mad Nimiafc* fOBiBd in dM iffeofis m 
Sonthenr'i * GoDo^ain oa Sodbtr.' mod in 
Ilvioanoer IflSB b« wmta an uiirift on iW 
l^agiie in tbn ' QMnsty Rrnew.' In Ja- 
DUATj 1 F^ be h»d IwnMtjsu, aod is Apn) 
,«f tut ^naar, n tm« of w ffoWhte weo*- 
•il V of hu ulin Ml III b«^ [le ti ae , lu fiwid 
fiir WiUiun Kai^aat xroaaeA £n- bim tbr 
post of libnrisntolW ra^ Herrawmoiv 
and more eaHCMtMl, boc Mill wan«4 kard, 
■ad in IfiM fiatriMsd ki Brigbtoe ibe ' Ae~ 
cnant of OTn»af tbeaoal liBpcotaBl Diiwifn 
pecalur to Wtamem,' wUdi is his dtief worfc. 
and is »:iD nad. In Jsan»T ISSObs wrute 
*a iniclr in tb« * Qaaitolr Bmenr ' on tlie 
Analcnny Art, u»d «t lHt,caafii»ad to b«d br 
eoBtumptinn. dud IS Feb. ISSOl, bsrinp tiro 
•am ua » <lfto^ler. Hi* •ealtend ^>p«n 
Ibtb been pabltshMl, witb a o«w •dttion of 
UsCfMtiwpn thcdlMUMof tRMBBBtbT I>r. 

Robert l-'cnri'otk, London, 1S6S; Ooocfa bftd 
• power n( rlenr immtiam, and bMtd«:> 
alwwiagcu«fdl clinical i>wei«uJon bis writ- 
iag» are readable. Hi* account of k nifrht- 
lure which he had in b^rhood (Lirv »/ 
BritUk FMv'it-tatu, p. 306) is » miAeX at a de- 
flrripii'in vrhirb orwM its ^awer to thi- per- 
fact Lmth ami mmplicitT of th« narratKin. 
Mai^ similar exsniplea o^ ptvciM fordblc d»- 
•crtptton an' to ov toond in his nwdical writ- 
inga He certainly deaenred tbci ki^h r«pu- 
taiion wbicb be had atnong bis contempOTa- 
Twa. lie wu a smaU nnui, witb larev dark 
wjrm, and bit bands wen alwayi oold ; ' ibe 
eoM band of a dyi^eptic,' be once said (for 
ha wa« nnwilUng to utait that tb(> ooldncea 
waa dna to ih« consnmptioti obriouf in bis 
fafift^i'isan odranlaffe in th« examiDationof 
theabdoiom; tbe old phTsiciana iwi'd f<<r th« 
IwillHWa to pltnigi-nn>! iiani) into uilil water.' 
SRa portnit by R. J. Laaa, g\\en by his 
tiliitiillitcr. is at tfa« Collega of Pbjiiicians of 
lx)ndAo. 

fUr, ILu-MirharrH I.i-rcM of British rbyiiciiin!!. 

Ip. 305. This I'h i» Suetl upun pnrKituil kiios- 

^ MdJtD and iofwinution iriven by uw«ti'ii friend. 

Dr. H. R. 8ontb«y: Hunk's Coll. of Phy». iii. 

1(H); MwnioiT of iho !ul« Gil*v Itorn-tt, Ymr- 

Btoatb. 1842: M-S. Minut^N S'. lUnholomovF'* 

, Bemmtali infanuAt ion from th« tnU Dr. Palri^ 

iBUck ] N. M. 

OOOCH, Mm THOMAS, D.D. (1674- 

;17M>, bishop 'jf Ely.wao tbv Mm of Tlioiaa* 

flonrh of Vumjdulh.by Fraiiiv«, dau(;hlftr of 

Tlioinas Lonfi of Worlingham. Sutr>Ui, whcro 

bfurus bom 9 Jan. 1'174. IIm rnlrn-tl ('iiiiis 

[Conefr«, Cambridfirf^, in 1601. anil inaduated 

'IVA. In lOM, and M.A. in Itm. He wits 



ikcted loafcUowidup^JnlT lfl»S,and«eMn 
to ham BwidaH and heUvanoas laeMn^q» 
and i ii ll i l iqCewfarwwyaa. Kaim 
Mty of wrdwaaMieal ft«Mlna waa hi* ap 
■nsntBant aa doBaAic flfaalata ta Htnf 
Oaaplan f^. v.], bialw^ of Xondna, whoa* 
funeral aoBoa he fa aaiAa d at 9l PmI** 
O'lSt. H» was thwi paceaag wl y ohapkia 
in (wdinai^rioQaeanAnm'; rMtorof St.Cla- 
ntant'*, Eastcbeaf, and Si. Martin Ot^ara; 
ardidwno of Tamy (1714-^r); oanoa raai> 
denluuT of Ch>cbeH«r (171fl>: kdnnir at 
GiayV tnn ; canon of Cantrrburr ( 1 7aO-i^> ; 
master of Cain* CoU<^ (froa ^ Not. 1716 
to his d«atb>: i io^^bMcallor in 1717, wbm, 
owiof partly lo bis esenioas, tli<' M«at» 
boaae was bailL ; bisbm of BhKol (H Jane 
1737), ' when> b« Mand ao short a tine aa 
awpr to batv risiUn hia dJne awi ' (Ooui); 
bishop of Norwich (^17 Oct. 1738), 'whar* 
he rqnJredaodbMiHtifiM th^palaceat a nny 
ffn<«t«xpauif>;' hiiifaapof Ely (Jaaoarj 1747- 
Klfll to bi« death ( U »h.' 175S-4V 

llesnooeededto lh» baronet cv at th« death 
of his brotbMT William, eovemnr of V ii^nia, 
in 17^1; * all bough (be oiehin was ibaatdcr 
bn>lb« (it being; mo»t probably thought of 
by him>. vet fa«- was also put into the patent 
to su«««a to tbe titlr in eaaa tba ptremor 
[i^. hia hrather] abould die vitlionl male 

tWU»'(CDLB). 

He was tbrM<tim(>«marriy>dr finitoMarT, 
dauffbtw of Pr. WiUism :<herWk, dv-on of bt. 
PaiiIV.al\4TwanIiibt»lionofSaliHbiirv; br Itnr 
hv bad on* i^m. Sir'lntima* Goocli (K^^J- 
17M1) of Beuacre. Siillotk, who inltontwl a 
Ten* lar^ fortunv from his tnalrmal f^rand- 
btber; secondly to Hannah, dan^tvr of :^ir 
JohnMillorof |j«v«nt,Sii9*.-\.hiirl ,by whom 
he had aL*" oav sou, John: ibirdly. when in 
his wvt^Btv-tifth yi«r, lo Mary, dauffbter of 
UntUia Couiplon, esq., gnat-erandfU lighter 
ofSpenccrOainploii,M)coad earl of Ni^nlin tup- 
ton [q. tA and Rreat-niecc of Henry Compton, 
biihrip nf I.,n>nilon [^q. v.] 

He was in mitny ways a ty]ucal hUbop of 
the last c«ntuT^: cnurlowi'^. difniifiM'i "od 
c)iarilabl<> in hu conducli alteativo to lhi< 
ofUcial work of his dlooeee, as well u to his 
pBrliam<>ntari* duties to Ilia |mrty. Cole 
(vrhoM- tuirralivp must of iMiir«> be ^SM!iTnd 
with caution) has H nunibrrofHiausinjf aneo 
dotes iUuetfBtivH of OnocbV adroitnvM in hia 
own perBDual advancemviit, and pertiatdtv 
in sncurin([ abundant prufoniiMit for his 
vautittvr ecu. Thuao nhamctcnstJes are not 
tdini'- out by hiarxljinl rorrpuponHimce, It 
nuiy also be rcmnrk'wl that, n ocrtain storv, 
■till iviH-«U<d in rombination rooms, of tliD 
device by whipb the rasHlf^rof (^iusallowral 
I a colkgc iiTingto lapse to the lii^bopor Nor- 



Good 



no 



Good 



wioh(at a tinu.'wh«n hn buld both ol1ioi«>.tho 
rwult bving Ihri it]tp»int in^iit uf Jolm llodcb. 
is not trun. Ooli- -iiitDi uii bis tfaar*ct<.T ac 
followe : * He was uf b kini] ttnd g«tii.*mu» 
dispOAitioti . . . lu I Iimyk binttvl (Imt he W»k 
a man of as frmat nrt, cmft, and cunning u 
any in l he age hi> lired in, su I miiol bcsr mv 
testimntiT that hv <VM at) much af a gentlt^ 
man in bi» out ward appeannoe, cumufpt, and 
bchariour.' 

He diini at Kly Htwo, Holborn, ll Feb. 
l7riS-4, liiit wan hurii^l at Oainbrid)!:^ in tTic 
Bolli^ge cLa|H;l, wbfrre ibtrn} ia a monumnni lo 
biro. Tb-^iv um portniit* in Ibe collftf" lofipi-, 
in the Hnivercilv librury. A ihird, Uy Hvin*. 
is at Benncn- fluU, tmd a foiirtii, bv Itanl- 
vrell, is in ibi* (HWAewiun of Mr. A. Ilurtebnnio. 
Ue is only kuuwn as an aul bur by i lip pnlilicn- 
tion of ihwe s*nimn«. 

[Cole's MHS.. Rrir. Mu». ; CoU«we Ko«ird«; 
notes Uindly eiippliivi by Altiwrt IUH»lioniP, «arj., 
Iruni Oiioch'* m'iimwriptii in hi;) posBTsainn-l 

GOOD, JOHN MAS()N(17fM-!827>,pIiy- 

aician and mi-tridlani^iu wrilcr. ihe Mcttitl 
•on oftlie (lev. I'l-lpT (><>!«!, ncfin»fn');j»liriuftl 
mtnifit«r at Ep|tinfr, wn--< 1x>rn at- Kppin^ an 
iJ'i May 1704. lli* niuther, a Miss Pwj'to, 
Ihf fftvouriu- nieft- of tli-^ lU-v, J*din MiiAon 

In. r.], author of 'Self-Knowledi.'e,' d«;<J in 
, tI6. OrKvl wiM W«il tHiltrllt in a ii<-houl kept 
by bii father at linms-'y, near tb- Now Fon-nt, 
and tbti lattvr'sBYCtuHKifi'-'inimoiLlilnce ij(iok« 
wnsi>ffin«t ii-»i'tothi'sniitnafliTli!'i\ Wliilt.' 
at 8cbi>o1 hi> masrcrpd Greek. iMui, and 
FretU-'h, and nhowcd iiniiMiiil dt-viition (o 
atudy. At fift'fn hi* was apprerilifwl tu a 
medical priit*lilion>;r ut (_i(»port. mid during 
bia apprent ic^^ship b'.- ma.^i'-riit rtalinn. rwtd- 
in^ Ariosto,Ta*iMj,aod Itente. In 1"83— 4 he 
wwnl to I.rf)ndoa for medical study. aMi'tidi-*! 
I he lectures of Dr. Gt-tHTjw l-'ordyw and ot liers. 
and bi-cann'nnai-tivt?iiiembrroftbc Pliysicnl 
8rH-i<-1y of liiiy's Ilospilnl. In ilif MimiiiiT 
i>f 178), wlieii'JTilv twiitv, Iie»wi!li-d in Siiil- 
hury, ill part inTAKip witfi a Mr. Hceks, who 
v«rT hhorily retiivd, Hlt" Gmid iiiarrind in 
1785 a Mi*s flndfr.-y, whn nnly sun-jred ax 
monlhs, and in 17H'* a Miss F«nn, wh« how 
him«iK children, and survived him. In 170^ 
he lost s ctinsidcrablc ^nm of money bv be- 
comiiiK t^up'tyTcr friends, and althouf^h iv 
lii'ved tiv hilt lathtT-in-law.lip d(-t<trminftd tn 
fr*'*! hini-wlf from dillicully by literary work. 
lie wroln iilarn, I nuiftlalionH. poems, eMKjB, 
Sic, but, failed for soiniF tlimv lu at.-U anvthtiiff. 
At last k« eein^d a footitijj on ' The World/ 
and OHO of tiw; London reviDwe. In ITti'S b« 
r.'nioved to London. ent*^ing into parlnArahin 
with a uirdicnl man, and on 7 Nor. waa bo- 
mitted a member of the Colletrvof Surgvons, 



Hie new partner waa jealous of him, and loi'ia 
catixitl th'-buamf-iulo fail. While stm^nHiOf 
loniiriitiiunt ht]> ililli<-ulti<-it,l)a(id in Fpbrour 
17t^'> won a prise of twonly f^ineos nflismd 
by Ih-. Ijctiwim for an PMay on the ' Diseaaaa 
frequent in Workbouit^, th^ir Care and 
Prevontion.' In ITEM ho heoamv tiu acli*'e 
mi'mhiY of th<' TJcneral Pluniiaceutic Ai- 
Bociation.'di.>sif;i)i>d to imprdvo tbo •iJuutkni 
of dnm^i^isle. who were Ihen notorious Sot 
thuir frv4U'.-nt illitfrncr and mistoloM. At 
ihe n^U'T"! iif iKtutn iii<-iii)H-n of this 
Good wnrte his " History of M"ili[in>', s.i 
na it mbitiw U> Ihr Pnid-wioa of the Ap 
thecanV l7i)-'>. Me nowirain«il (^iniidcrai 
pnu'tif.i>, and eontribiited to aeversl Itdadil 
pfriixlii-aU, ini'ludinf; the • .Analytical' 
the' Critical' K^-viewe. Tht? latter be L>dita 
fi>r jioine tJnw. In I7!I7 ht? b«>j^n U» Im 
late Liirn^tiu^ into blank venv-. In ord« I 
8«<arrh for parallel niiAMffea, he 9titdi«d tub- 
te^MVrly Spnnish, Portugubse, Arabic, and 
Persian: hu wai alrcvdy ooqnainlH wit^H 
Hebrew: Interbe extended hUacf|iiin-ni'-nl^| 
t« Ku>«iMn, SunK^rit, Cbicusr, and other lai^' 
gumft*'^. Murh of bin liti-niry mirk was done 
while be walked ihe MreW^ on his mund«i 
evxii liin Iranvlaliiin of Lucretius was llini' 
composed, a pa^ or two at a timi' V-inttelt-j 
honied, until it was rvady for beiiiu wrilt* 
down. Thi* work ooenfued the int>>r^-al( 
nearly mi war* till l^t. Tlic ii(rt«« all 
have i-onMieralile vatiie frum thi-ti parall 
paaaiigt-F and (piolations. I'mm IriOl to IH\ 
be V.UM much ixrcupied, wttli bis friend at 
hiogfraidier. Olinthun (Irrjrory [q. r.], in 
preparation of ' Pojitoloeia,' a eycloprdia ^ 
Iwidw vftlnine»,ln which Iw fumUhmaj 
variety ofarticW.oftensiimilyin^rbvpi'tnra I 

!>ostarlirle»rf«(iiirinpmnchrp*e»rcii. Inll 
ic wa« *'hTt'-.l F.R.S. In 181 1-12 ho f^t 
ihrw coursw of lecturw at tb<> i^urrcy li) 
tutjon, which wen- afterwards Tiiihli<<li>'d 
thrtf I'jliimcit. und'.r the litlv 'The B.x)k 
Nature,' In Ifrtfl) L« devoted himself to prar- 
lira; ■■Krliisivelv as a physician, and olitoiat^ 
thn diploma uf M.l). fnim MaH'whiil CoU«|ps 
Aberdeen, and in It'iJ-ihe became a lirentii 
of tlw U'lyal CollcKv of Pbysiciatis. In t 



m 



vear he publt<ih<hl his ' Stndy of MMicinr 

four vulumes.which was well rect'i vc<l and aokl 

nipi<lly. but provt>d of nn permanent value.. 

In it 111* endcavoiiri'd lo unit* physiolo^ wi ~ 

I |mthoInf[yand therapeutics.an aiteinpl whi 

j was hound to fail owinif to thl^ defective stati^ 

I of thov wieuo'H. Ili» enormouik labvun at 

' leiifTlh told on his coiiMilutioti.and foraoae 

v'.-ur< b»for\- h\» death Lii^ hfahb was ^mi. 

\le dii^l of tnflnmmalidR of the bladd>^ 

, 2 Jan. Itill", in his sixty-third ypar. at t 

1 hooao of Uir widowc<1 daui;bttjr, Mrs. Ne 




Good 



tii 



riddlesex. Onljr one otiior 

»lld, ii^«iiKltt«r, eiirri v-d him. tlii Mtn-tn- 

i»',thc lt(-v,t>>m.-Iiii.i Nfal(',«'niorwnj)cler 

'^lii LHI^.divd ID U-2S. His ^ndaon wm llr. 

J. M. NmIb [^. v.l 

PNo man cnuIH l»r- tnor? conncipntinii* up 
|ndu»tH<mjt ibftti flood. He bad r •.iriktitK 
powrf of u(^quinnl; knowIiTdp.' and of ar- 
muriair it in an orderly faHhion- Kiit lip wit« 
withour creative ability.and )i«-nct hU worko, 
viitlc full of (.Tuditiuii, plviu>iiigly <hQiit(li nol 
brrilllanllv imparli'd, arc ni>l of pt-nuati^iit 
Lvaluo. lie was always active in wurkt- ol' 
l"bem?vi»lfnc*, and Itad utmnj; tvligimiK f<*l- 
infn, IhirinfT ihc UlUr jHtri of bis n>fiidenet' 
L»t Sudbury be becaow aSociniaii or uniuni»ii, 
id fr(>inilH-linH*ofhi»i*«ttlin^in I.ondnn to 
hS807 hf wa» a ntf tulmr of a. tinitnrian cbiinrh. 
In tbat *ear he wiilidrew, in con^n-qii-'niv 
fof wKnL 111) ciiasidt^ri'Kl rccomnu^ndanonii of 
«.vi»licii«nidfliv«rwl from the pulpit, and lio 
aflrrwurdti bfcaiai' n member of tin- ««tji- 
bliahcdvliun.'ti,al1acliiiigUim!w>lf toitieevRn- 
p-UrdU. In bin lat^r yearn be- vas an act.ivc 
f r if ibeCburcli Miwionnry yoi-ifly, 

: mtMtnnanc!! inslruclioii in (iscfiil 

(.t(>)>I wTi>t«- I. '. Marin, nu Klsgiao dde," 

ITrtii, It'i, 2. ' DituifrTacirtn on tin* Disi'iis"* 

lof IVisotiBand I'oorlioUMw.'ITSf.. ii. • lli'-lnrv 

(of MHicini*. •» liir s« it relates ut the I'm- 

frMon of till' Afniliectiry,* 17y.">. ind vdit 

tjTW, with an Himwcr to a rnict i>ntitled 

['Mtift'psiil'ijjia,' (Tihciiiinff ihf jirnl cdilion. 

I. • Uis^'rlntimi on (Iip 1«^1 Means of cm - 

Jployinpthf l*.vir in Punch >V()rlihuu8«,'17W, 

ih. ■TbeSonRofSonHs.orSacrwl IdyU, traii»- 

llntml (mm tli» lli-bri^w, willi Qot«e critical 

land <^x plana lory, IMXI; Iwn tranaUttnnH.'itlV 

I literal, tli« i>*hertni'lrirnl,ant itiren, and ihf 

book is rr-nrd«d iu< a mllectinn of loTi>-fi(>n(,'B. 

[«. 'Tbi- Tnuinnb nf Britain." an od.-, IWW. 

[7. •Mt-nioif%ol'tbcI.ifo(ind'\Vritmgaof.\le'L- 

Urdpr *;edd«a, LL-U.' ji. \.l IWW, H. "Tb^ 

I Katnrf of ThioRa: tran!tlat"d from I.ticn-tiuA, 

wiilr •'• -■- 'TilTuxtandN'Hw.PIiilotofficBi 

Rllfl i rv.'livolc.-lto.lWLVV-". .It-TtncT, 

in IK. -!-^b ltt'vi('W,*x.'2l7 -il, wrolf: 

• Tlww Timl volutui'i are niotv liki- ibe work 
of a U-arnrtt Ot^rman profp6*)r tlian of on 
Iiil{rni<lubi<-<1 KoKli^bman. Thii-y dtKplay «x- 
t«tiaiTi'''nid]tion,cniiud4>rabli'jndjrmont,Bnd 
tamm taalv ; yet thvy are eitremt'ty dull and 
«lUBt«n*Min){.' This trannlBlion liaa aince 
hten publiHbivl in Hfibn** Clasniral Library. 
V. • Oration Udorv thi> M«dical Swit-tv of 
Lritidiiii on tb*" Stnicture and Pbv)>ioli>^y 
of rianta,' I^H 10. ' Eaaay on Mmtical 
Tachnolftfy,' I8l0 (• Trans. Medical Snemy,' 
IdDB). "Dua vtw (rainvd llie Kotborvitlian 
mrdaL II. * Tiif lliiok of Job. literally 




tnuulated, with Xotea anil an Introdnrturf 
nijowrtaticin,' 1812, Sro. 13. 'Memoir of 
Rev. Jolin Mannn, jirffixcd lii a nirw edition 
of hi9"Tr«itiepon 3Ldf-Knowlwige,"' 1812. 
IS, ' Panloloifia,' in conpinctioji with Olin- 
tlius flnsgoryand Xi'wton IWworih, llirols, 
1^0L'-l;i. (iotnl wrote moat of the uiiylicol 
ftnd oiLJontific nrtidfu. with some on pbilo- 
lit^ionl lubiticts. 14. '\ V\}\^\<}\o^KitlSynvni 
ofNnsolopj',' 1817. 15. • 'iVSmdy of Sl.-di- 
cim-,' 4 voI'k. 1822 ; 2nd wJil. 1825 ■ two t-di- 
I innflwen^ ft fl^f-rwanbi edited lav SjimmOroowr 
(I7?« l**48) [<(. v.], M<VJ ind 1«H. Sir 
Amrrican mlitiuns of tliii' work had bwn 
pulilif'hMl up To ifiVt. Id. 'The Itnnlc of 
S'ntiire,' ■■* Tola, I82«. This reached a iLird 
t-dition in Kn^Iand, and ttit^ro won atpvartl 
Aiui'rican editions. 17. 'Thougbte on Select 
Trxia of Scripture," l(-l'H. 18. 'Ilislorical 
(.►inline iif llm Book of PMnlin«/ irdiccd by 
tiif Kcv. .1. .M. N«il.-, 1HJ2. Ifl. 'Tby Hook 
of I*Milm<:, n new Translation, with NoU-b,' 
ISl'%4. 20. ' Tiiouglnif Tor all Soaitoiis," ItMJC. 
(iood also wrote much in jwriodical*, IwHidva 
tl)i>»-.' njentii)ucd,?oiilnbuli>d Iiirgi^Iy foreume 
vciirw lo iloddb-T'ii ' Ni-w Anniinl Ri-Bi«tcr,' 
and was one of llit- uditont and pniiri]ial 
wiHtfrw of 'Till- Ctal!er\' of Nature and Art,* 
lJ*3l Iftcp lA/f. pp. hA, lOSj. Up contri- 
but*^d till* iutnidHclioii and notvsi lo Wood- 
fall'^alitiftii of ■ JuHitw," |H|S. Miinyof bia 
o<-ca»ionAl poems are eoulftinfd in hi« ' Life,' 
and iwvprul in Inn ' Tboughfx for all S^Asoaa,' 
1I« left in mnnuDcripl, in addition to works 
thai, linvi- licnn jiublidii'd Kinrvi hi« ilvat.b, a 
iifw trun.olntion of tb« • Ronk of PmvcTbe. 

|M«[uoiicorilie Lifr. Writ(ng!t,iind Clianrtcr 
of Jotiii MiisuiiQooJ, lij-OlinthusQrfitorj. l8'/8; 
Fntii'm! Sermon, »ii)i Nocos mid A|<|>etii!iK, by 
C. JnrraiD. 1837: OaDt. Mas. (1827}. zvrit. pr. i. 
27B-8.1 O. T. k 

GOOD, JOSEPH HKXUY (177a-18:."l, 

arcbit>-r-l, wuKa ion of l)i<< rector of SambrooK, 

Hlirop»bin>, wliertt ho wna bom on 18 Xot. 

' 177<j. If» rixceived bis professional iratniDg: 

I from Sir John .So(in*-, to whom he- was ar- 

' tided from 171*5 10 171)9, and wirlv in hia 

I car>y.T he L-aiMrd u number of nroiniimia for 

I dt-rigiiK for iiublic buildings. His moHt uote- 

wortby woria for private c-lienla wwrr Appa' 

C'-ourt Park, Sunvy, and tlic manainn of 

llonidt*n.n, llampaliiri-, and othiir buildinjfa, 

doai^iM for Sir WUtinm Knigblon. In 1814 

he was appointed nurvcyor to the truBteea of 

tlit^ Tlinvii** rHTati\ Ilolbom, and nom^ v^ars 

later to the parit^b of St. Andrew"?. HolWn, 

in which ]flt(«>r cRimrity he deAi^^ed and 

carriod out in 1825 the vt>Atry hall, in 1830 

the nalional school, and in )^!)1 (be work- 

houct!, Shoe I.«ie. Hcnlaoin IBIHdeaigned 



Good 



lis 



Good 



the interior decoralinn, Ac, oTrft, Andrew's 
Chxircli. In 18J0 he erected the new hull in 
CoW-mnn Street for the Armourera' CumuuiiT, 
to which in ISIU hv had beeni &pi>amlril Aiir- 
vcyor. Ahaiil ]H22h">W)Wi appoints! nrchi- 
lOCt to lilt) lEoyal I'arilion nt Brighton, nod 
from )830to I8S7 croctod jMM-ftral new linild- 
inM tliero, indudiog the north und south 
lodge* HQiUn tranc«a,additionftl stabW,coiich- 
hoiisus, durmitury, &e. Frotn H^Q to tU« 
dii>M>] lit iun i.>r the commUaion he waa archi- 
1f4Tt to the ra>mtni8aionura for building new 
churclu-w, from which hf nuliMHjm-iiI !i-ifiijo_v«l 
a jwtn-tinn. In IM30 he was appointtd, undor 
the olSceof tvorkti und puldic biiihlin)^, cleric 
of work* to th<i Tower, Itnyal Mini, IHeet 
and Kind's ISeiioh prisoae, &c.. and on 4 Jan. 
ISSl 6iicccfdod,iiKclorkof workstoKcn«in|)^ 
ton Pubicf. to i.ht'i>fHeiaI r^-itidpnce at Pnlace 
Otveii, which, iu xpiteof theaboHtion of the 
office, he occupied bypcnriwion of the rw)vtv 
tv'igii dorinK tW lymuiiider of hia life. He 
iWftl l.heiw on 20 Nov. 1867, and was buri«l 
in KonKa] Orwii ci'mi'tfry. Onu of the fjri- 
linNirelluwHurthitKoyal [natitutvof llriliab 
krchtlecta, he took & liv«.-ly Inl<.-ru8t in th« 
'4tudj and {rrci^nvMi of an'hilr*clu.rt!. Among 
hi« mftny pupils wftTe Robr-rt Wallnce, Henry 
Aahtou, and Alfred Bart hdomuw. 

[DiirU of ArchitActuni, ArcMtcctDral I'ltblim- 
tioQft Sac leifl.] G. W. it. 

GOOD, THOMAS (1^09-1678), mMtor 
ofBdlliol Collei^, bom in lilOtI, wnitanntive 
of Worcestershire or Shropehirt'. He wae ad- 
mitted Bcholflr al Halliol Colli!>i;v in lll'i4, aud 
toolilhc deen^tof B.A.in I62i*. Next viwir lie 
was I'lvcted pn>batii>nt!r-fellow, and in IfClO 
follow of his cf>llpp[c. Iloprcrcocdcd St. A. in 
XeSl.und I1.D. iulCWD. fiw hecarnu vicar of 
St. Alktuund'a in Shrewahury, proliablv in 
1842. From this living ha ei-uiiis to uuvv 
b«i>n ejected hy thfl purliauicnt (>VAtKBR, 
Sti/fentv/a of the Cia-ffy. pL ii. pp. 253, 2&4 ; 
BLAKKw'iY, S/trrwiriMLry, M. iJSO, 2S1 ) ; but hv 
continm^d to hold the reotory of Coreley in 
Shropshire, to which he had bi'fn instiiuled 
before I(J47. throughout Iht- innTntfrniiin, 
nod he >ubuiitt«l to the parliamentary visi- 
tore for Oxford. Ilc-wa* lvcii H}ipoinifd<>nc 
of llio visitors' delegutoe on 30 cwpl. 1947. 
Wiih Ur. Hfirmestry he met Banter and 
other minifllL-ra of the Wnrtfcatcrshirt' Asso- 
ciation iu S«p'i'ml«T ItlW at t'looburj' Mor- 
timer, in onier to diseusathe quoAlion of iht! 
ShropAhireclcrg^t-juininff ihv u^eoL-inliotL, and 
si^ni-d n pajuT nxprvwiing ontiutditiMl iijt- 
provnl of the articles of aprwmcnl. He 
oblained b/ave of nbscncp from Unlliid Col- 
K*(fi' frtr A Inrirc part of the yeara from 1 fi47 
to I6f>8, and then resigned his fellowship. 



At the llsatomtiott be whs ereated doctor at 
divinity a.'inatifl'erer for thfi kiag'acaiiM. Ha 
waa alK) appointed prebendary of Herefiud 
on 29 Aug. l6€U, and about the same time I 
w«!* prE»eDt«d to the n-clorr of Wietttnatu 
ill Ilerefordahire. In 1672 he waa 
mously 4'l»:tcd master of Bolliol CoUege. 
died at H'Teford 9 April 1078. 

His pubhshedworka were : I. 'Fii 
and DubilnutiuEiCurtundiulofTuaecooccr 
Athi-iMm, Iiifidfhty, Poiii^ry, and olhvr Her 
sies and ^hianik« that trouble the pf^ri^ 
lh« ClinrciL and «n.> dcriructivn of primitii 
piety,' rtvo, Oxford, lfi7-l. I{cfl<vtion« on tl 
iionconfonnist* contained in this work more 
Ilaxt«r to writ*.' the autbnr a letter of bit 
remoiuCrance, which ia printed in ' lUiliqoii 
Baxt«rianic/ pt. iii. pp. 148-Jil. 2. A folia 
ehcit addifManl to lll6 ' Lords, Gi-ul leuHt 
and CleiXTof the Dioceae and County of Woi 
coster,' 'tbc humble proposnt of a native 
that cuunlT iu bt-hulf of ium'niuus you 
acholara.' "TIiih [*!at*!i that Worciyrtt-rahiw ' 
bus no ' cutLsidunibIc cnuouni genie ut ' for euch 
M^hnlarH, and KutgcMl* the fndowmeQt of two 
nr more rellowgiiiiisin Balliol OoUc^ which 
(it is said) is 'commorly known brtbcaajne 
of Itift Wnrc**twCollefri-.* 3. ■ A Brief Eag- 
lish Tract of Logick.' 12mo, l(t77. In tw 
llritioh MwKoiim {.-frfrfiV. .V*. IA867. f. 2.M) 
Ihi^n^ in a letter from Uood to Kvelyn, thank'^ 
iiig him fur ofittrinff to jiresent Iwu of 
books to BoUiol Odlege Library, 

(Wnod'o Arhntiv Osrin. (Hiu). iii. 1151; 
liquid Haxtrrlanu*. ii. 1 19. iii. 148 : R>^atcr i 
Ihn Vi*ilor«nrth»iUi>i»«nrity<if ()«fnrd, ^S47-^ 
(CnindnuSoc.): Konnntt'aRoi^^raiidChrociidt 
p. 933: Kitlliol CollngaMft. Rf«im«r; BodJeiaa' 
Ijlimry Cnt. of Printail llooka.] ^B. 0-». 

oooD. TnoMASSwoiir)(xr8o-i«r3i 

painter, wu« burn at Jlerwick-upon-Twe 
4 Dec. I7«0, the birth-year of David Wilkii 
H« wui brou^'hl. up as un ordiuar>' boas 
paintnr, hut in ruunu! of tima began to ex* 
cute portraitaat a 4;)ieap nit«. ^om ibis ' 
pa«MKl lo fffiirr pnintinc and b«tw««t It 
and tK.t4 exhibited at the principal IiOnd 
exhibitions. To the Royal Academv be 
in 1(^20 *A Scotch Shepherd;' "in 183 
' Miuic ' and 'A Man with a Hare;' iu 18^' 
(the Tear in which Wilkie's ' Chelsea I'en- 
dionftr*' wae exhibited) 'Two Old Mm (still 
living) who fought at the Battle of Mtndwi,' 
a charming little piclnre. now (18^) in ibe 
poKHcssiuu of .Mr. F. Locker- Lam pvou. To 
th<'*uimeyearbelfin}fs'AnOldNorIlmnihrian 
I'iper.' In 1828 ho cxhibitt-d ' Pnictico' (pro- 
lHt.[ilYlh4!b.iTli<*r'*apprt-nticeiihaTinKB*h<.<fp*« 
hefld,engTaved in nw'ieof int by W. Morriaon); 
m21,' ItiUDOiBgin^anOId Wordrobe;' I82&_ 




Good 



"3 



Good 



!&», * A Sludv of Fifruws: IS27. ' Fislu-r- 
I : ■ 1838, * interior, wilh h'ifptT*-' ; ' IH2H, 
CiMst Sccnrt, witii Fi*lif'nnn»'iin<l 'Tdl'-rs;' 
\IKV), ' Til,- Truam ' and ' Mt-m- CotU|{tir» ; ' 
ll!*3I, ' Medicine: ' IWtiJ, ' C-awt' &>.•«. •, with n 
^L^hf-rmrtii' (now in iIih National Crftllpry I: 
1 S'W, ' Th? Iiiduftrioiu Mother.' IWidcjt 
Ethc»e. h^' tfit forty-thi*o pietoreo to the 
EBntisli lusltluiioi) and two to the Suffolk 
[liitwt Gallery, malfini; a total of eixt}--four 
fuplul894. Al>i>utllu''dniv,fryni««no 
I cauae, h» r«lin<)ui«h4^d Uia bninli. nnd 
' n«aa)f-d it prnftwuionally. Me <li<'(I ia 
his tioiUN on tlin (Jitny WulU nl' biit ii.il.i\e 
town, 1ft April 1872. Little is known of 
lus life. li« viNtf-d linnd'ni and Wilki«, 
to wha»r M'h'K^l Iik lielnnfi^A, though his ooii- 

>IU«ticm witIi the ' Goldsinith mF art ' would 
■pueor to !■■ riiilK-r inuinrJiv^ than diKrl. 
B««ttlc« the picture in the Natioiud Q&l- 
tcTV mention^ above, the<re ore in tlip Mitnf 
eoflM^rion three «piwitncn# of Oond'H work, 
•TIm' Newspaper,' which has biJi'D uioru than 
tmce reprodiMwd, andtwoothprsCNo N<iwi*' 
anil ' Studr of a Hot '), lK>tl) beauwathed in 
1871 by the paiater's widow, !kifl,iT Kvans 
OtKfd, to wbon bv bad bi^'u Riurrivd in I7l-'I9. 
Tb?ra arv also •eraral exarapl^ji of ( lood'j* iif t 
in rhi' PitzwUluB Huaoum at C«nibridp>, 
; and th^r? U an admirablii pnrlniil (if ihr 
H|aTtu>tV fri'-in). th^ wood-<?n)rrflri>r, Thnrnns 
^rBpwiuk, in tbe Muwam of Ihu Nt>wc4u<tk- 
Natural IliMory SociL'ty. But by far iht- 
larmst culli.H;liun of hii w»rk« ii* that iiv,'iit.'(l 
hwsiw. J. W, Bamea of Utirham. whicli be- 
adaa oils, e.^. the Rboviv-mentionttd ' Hmu^;- 
gleiB Rwttuii ' and * Morty Cot ugurii,' waU-r- 
onloom, drawiuu;^, and et«:tiin(^, iii^ludt-a a 

IrluUBCterif^tic pijrtniit uf (be arti»l by him- 
^\(. tiijiKrii Ktibjfct.iarr Mtupl>-, iriKi^tiioiulv 
ti^hcinl, aud «d««aly and duxterouj^k puinteJ. 
Tbvy an< g^awulljr on panpl. In h»Tf>, lii>hi-r- 
Btftu and nnni^VrH he pxcclle'], aiin h(> iM)ai<^ 
limM ♦•xhibii* cotuiidprable humour. W. 
Murriaoit. who CRgTavE:d ' I'racliM,' also en- 
rravRd ' Music' 

{Coin man i eat i'>nB ftom Kr. J. W. Bamva; 
WarNl'» Hnxliib Art ia the Public Oalleiiw of 
laoaua. |><i- llH~-jij PonfoUo. 188V. xx. Ill- 
Ita.] A.D. 

GOOD, WILLIAM iir.:i"-l.*»80). jaeuit. 
bom at Obut'iiibury. S'^mvix-ii'liire, in I*^:^, 
wa« fduifittNl ibtiri!, and admiliU'd at ('orpii-i 
CTiri^li Co1Il-(,'o, Oxfpipl, 2U Feb. lo4JJ-0, 
fWrotI a fidl'iw of that i>orii!ty l*i .Inn*! I>'i48, 
and oommencvd M.A. It! Julv 1'>R2, boiii^ 
about that timi- liumanily rcaiW in tlw rol- 
leao (Ikj*sE, R^Utrum Vnii: Of<m. t. ilfi). 
ti» was one of thf rli*rk» of the Dinrket in 

Toi^ mi. 



I 



I55d. ]□ Qiieeu Mary'a reif[n hn obtained 
tbv bum-Gfiu of Middlu (?binuock, Someraet- 
sliire, till- jirvljwnil of (\>mbii Octava in thp 
church of \\>1U, and the Iif-id-maati-rahip of 
tliM (jrammar wbjol at WhIIs. Soou after 
flu- lu^ittwion of Klir.Nbi>tb hp wifhdnjwr tO 
Toiiniay, where in RttlS ht> wiw admitted into 
i\iv Socii'Iy III' JesuK by Fiitber Mercurianna, 
the provincial i aftwrwnrd.^ gi-nrrAl of the «o- 
cii^yt. Alter b« had pfi^tii'd hiit novitiat-t* b« 
was !H?nl. intii Tn'land wit b Dr. Richard CrMtgh 
[q. v.], aivbhiNbon of Aruin^h, uud Labouird 
us a miMtonnrv in thnt country for several 
veam. "Vlu-n In? wonl lo Loiivfun. where hn 
bi-i-iiDie ao|uaiult«d with Kobrrl I'araonit, 
whotn hi) penuadi'd to join the jt'Huit order. 
In LIT" lit" wa* profft«nMl of 1 hn four vows at 
Itotne. Subsequently b>> visited Hweden and 
Poland in iiimpnny willi ,\nthoiiy i*c«9evitl 
in ordi>r to sfttl-- nf^rtjiin nffairi) nilalinfj^ to 
theordiT. While liriniT in Pnlanil he WOA 
I'Ki'tifil by I liM provincial meeting as procura- 
tor to th'' fonrth gtnneral congrogation, and 
by hi» votehf^ani'ited in theelectionof KiLthtir 
(Handiuii Aqnitvtva as general of the jesaits 
( loH I }. After the con|;retfiition wa« uvur Iiu 
rt'tnainod in Ibimo oa coDfe^aor to the Kng- 
liiiti Collfj]:e tht!» tvcvutlv L-stubliobed. Uis 
appointmt^nt gave special aatu^faction to Dr. 
Alb'ii, UH appoiuv by Iiia letter to Pntht^r 
Agniziiri, 1 Juni- ITiHl. In 1^83 Atpuxari 
Bppeidi'dto him to clear him from the clinrRV 
of enticing ihv sludente of the colle^ into 
tlie S.ic.i.'ry of Ji-HUM { Kirox, letter* and Me~ 
riwriiU vf Ciirdiniil Alien, u. 153). Oood 
die<l at Naples r>n h July <.%. S.) 15^, and 
was buried in the coIIui^t uf the jtisuits in that 
oitv. 

Ilis worlcs ape : 1, An abstr&iH of the lirea 
of lbi> Briliidi suiiLle, difrestvd. says Wood, 
aecordin^f to the yvvm of ('liriwt and kinca 
of Great Britain. Maouecript fomierly in 
tlir Kii);iiiih Collage, Home. 2. ' Ecc-lmiw 
Aii(;li(^niR TrnphiPB, sivf Hanc.t1^^Im Mar- 
tyruni, r^ui pro Gbri«ln CAtholicn<()iie Fidvi 
vi'ritftte B>isrTen.dft.iinli(|uor»t'*iniionqntf IVf- 
eeeutionum leoipore, inorceui in Au^ha subi&- 
nuit, I'aitMoDtw. Itomte in CoUegio AngUco 
per N'ictdauiQ Circiniauuia dcpicin; nupor 
aiitvm per Jo. Bap.de Cavalleriiawueiatniia 
ruprmMmiattts' Home, 1584, foL, containing 
lhirty-«ix plat«a, ini-lutivK of ibw tithfpngp, 
enf^Lved on copper, lliese curionn pirtuna, 
wnii-h formi'Hy covered the walls of tlie 
oliiirt-h alUiirbi-i1 to Vhv Vms;\\'A\ Oollrgfi at 
Uomo, were pr^cenled to that institution by 
tleorpr OiltwTt "q. v.] Good all peri n tended 
Ihe work and nnpniled tho artiat with the 
subjects. A reprooHelioD of the engraTinRe, 
nntU'r the editorial fuperviiti<m of iho Rcr. 
John Morrii. appeared in Itjt^tj. 

I 




Goodacre 



114 



Goodall 



rWood's Athena Oxon. (Btisi).). «16: Tta- 
M^i Bibl. Bril. p. 332 ; OIJTer'a Joauit Oollao- 
ttont. p. 103; Di^Jd'aCharch HiA.ii. Hi; R»- 
corda uT EngliRh Cntliolica, i. 328, 334, ti. 466 ; 
Morp'* Utit. HiMJOBU Anslifi. Soe. .Inn, p. 13 ; 
Trinntr's SocMtw Jen ApoUlkiruiii Imidvtriz, 
p.210; Foley9lt«mr4fl. )T. 4;7,Tii. 307^ 8<nth- 
weU's Itibl. Scriplt. Sot. J«ni. p. 314.) T. C. 

OOODACRE, aL(iII {<i. 1563), primal* 
of Irftaatl, WM v'x»r of Slialflwb, Ifile of 
Wi|^ht. aiid cliaplntii lo ninbtni Pnvn«rl of 
WinclMeUT. Rlrvp*' snjiwwe [iim to hate 
bwo St Brat chapfnin to iVinc^w Elixttbt>t)i, 
wliosboiitlAiftor I''l!>pmr:iin-i1l)ifn aliwitse 
tOTOMchfro[nlb«Prot«cIor,eiiyiiiirtnft letter 
to Gctnl thikl he hvl ben ' lonf; time known 
unio ber to be u well of boawt caaT«rMt.lioD 
■nd aober Uviu m of Bufficient leaning and 
judj^vut in tuP Scripiuftw to {uvach itiu 
Word of ttod.' When Archbi«hoLi fieorgu 
Dowdall, who was opposed to th« iCefamia- 
tioD, retired from Aiuiagh in IGS2, Crmamer 
n>comincitd«d (Joodacre to Edward VI for 
the vacant sw as ' a wisv and well learnod 
man,* ttnd h* waa appntntnd bv a lntt»r 
under t)ie pri^-r fteal dated '2^ Oc-t. IRAS. 
On 2 Feb. 16o?-3 he wm i^uiisecratpd In 
OUriflt Church Onlbedral, Dnblin. lie dif^ 
in Ih^lin on 1 Mny of the same year, not 
without suspicion of having been poisoned 
by priests ' for pn-achin^ Qttd'a vertt.<r imd 
n-bitkinfc tJitiir cniumoii vicim' fH*l.R, Viiea- 
Ofun, p. 543; see alao Bl'UNBT, Iteformation, 
■li. 3^f)>. Hp ia (aid lo Iinvo liKon 'fatni'd 
for hi« pnyw-liinff' (Rtrvpe). Xono of his 
writinga were puUiBhi^L 

(Ware*e Biahopi of Ire!»ud ; Su-jp-'n Ma- 
miniola of Archbiiibop Cnunaer; Cbtlon'* Fasti; 
MaDfs Hist, of Charcfi of Irelaml.] T. H. 

OOODAL. WALTER (1700 P-17ee), 
ScMriflh nnliquarr. (Swt fJoonAi.L."] 

OOODALL, CHARLES. M.H {\Wi- 
171:!), physician, WHS bom in Hufl'nlk in 164i?, 
studied modicine at Levdea. and graduatt^ 
M.D. HI Cnmbrid^' 26 N'ov. 1670. Ha then 
went to reiidn in LnndiiR, nttundiMl come of 
the anatomiral Iw^tuwfi of IV, WaltfrXoed- 
bam fq. v.] (7^ OfJVcrfyr <•/ Phi/xicutm vm- 
itifatfA,j\. fi6),nndwaiAdmit.tf^d ncandidnr^', 
a prade corresjiondinir tn the prfieent dpffrw 
of membfr, nt thf rollfget of Phytiiciana on 
26 June 167fi, Earli(T in the »«inc year he 
had published 'Ttie Colledjpj of I'bvKician* 
vindicated, and thp True State of I'hysicli in 
(his Nation faithfully n<prvwntt>d.' This 
work is a reply to au attack on the mllefre 
by Adrian Hyb4rt«. and proves thrve points : 
tut tha Oolle^ of I^TaicianK wnK Ir-|fal1y 
established, tbatitexerciBeditarig-htajually, , 



and ibat it luid advanced madical Is 
in England. Tlie illuatrauons in aaiipan 1 
the lart show Ooodall to bare been well nad 
in tlie aeiencv of hi» tin*-. On 5 April \i 
hv wiB elected a fellow of the (YIli-^ 
PhyttcianH,d9liv«n<dth«Oulaton)anl«cti 
tbera in 1 ^5. and the Hamiui oration 
16Mandl709. HewaaoMUorin 1097, li 
1705, and 17(K(,and pTMidoni from I7(Htil1 
his death. In 1844 be publi>ht<d ' Tb<; Royal 
CoIbsiT of Phynciansof London foundad and 
' establUboI by law,* and ' An Historiral 
Account of the Ctdlegs'a ProcMdinna^iiiJ 
: Empirict, £c, in eveiy prince^ ^Biipi froni 
I their first 1 neorprn^tiun to tb« Murther n' 
ibu Roval Martyr, Kinc Charlnt the Ftnt ' 
ThKM- imatiMw ar« wually bound in one vo- 
tume. The flm giTM an' amount of ell the 
ada of paiiiament, royal cbartermaodjudioal 
difCtHtanM futabltshing tbe pririleRV* of the 
College of Physicians. The SMond, nf^pr ta 
epi«Ue dedicatory, which eoutainii cxci-llFiit 
hrtpf bi«i<rnLph)M of the raoat distinuruiabnl 
fellows of tno college of pwl tinii-s, (jivhi dc- 
taili of all th« proaecutiona of empiHca,nr 
uacducat«d pracUnrt of phytic, <^xtrarti>d 
from the ooll^jre meorda, and in of irrval bis* 
rorieal intermt. On 36 Apiil 16(11 f^oodall 
suc^ioaded Neadham aspbystcian to the C'bat^ 
t^rbonae, and for tl>e r^.^ of bia life ro»idMl 
there with occa^iooal risils lo a bouse wbidi 
h<^ ownt-d at Kensington. He tfojoycHl the 
nieadBbLpiirSydenhun[ij.v.l,of8yd<.:Qbam's 
•ion, of Sir llaus Sbwnc, and ofinoirt of tba 
pbrsieians of bis time. Ho was warmlT at- 
tacbud to the CoUokv of Pli.rsiciant, and lh4H 
tnanuAoH]>t aanabbnartefttiinouy tiihi« onai^| 
slant attendance at ite meetitifrs. He wm- 
)H-nli-d till- [lorlrnitu of Hrnry Vlll and of 
WoWy whicli now ban? in tlie cenaof'i 
room. Sydonham dedicated his ' Schedti 
Monitoria ' trt OnoHall, and spf«lu with 
fpect nf his medical skill and with warn 
miration of his cbaract«r. A letter 
Doodall makimr an uppoinimetit to mast 
KUiane in consultation at Hie Thre« Tuna 
Newfrato Rtrwt, London, is in the Brilij 
MiiH'-uin (Slnaign Mt?. 4046), and in lbr>«ni; 
volume are silt otberaulocmph letters of 1 
all wTitttm in a hand of b^iuitiful cl«>«irnc 
One dnl^d I S'pt, 1709 iafrom I^>albeThfad, 
the orbors from Chartnrfaousc. On M Oct. 
l60Sh9askstn borrow some bonVi.nnl'^ Jan, 
1697 be ankfi Sloane about two .\ral>tantnea- 
tun'4, ' Zasanii' and ' Rhoxates.' and wishes 
to borrow ' Apricola, do pondoribus.* In na- 
otli'^r he propo«i'« an edition of • SydoDhun,' 
and it Jan. 1609 wiiOies to oonMill Sloane a;* 
lo bis own hi'altb. He married tbricc. died 
at Keniiirtc^on 2<t Atij;. 171^, nrd i* 1>iirii<d in 
the church of tbat parish. Hi." widow gave 



ind of 
naiif'i^H 

«duM 

-J 



^ 



Goodall 



Goodali 



hill jMnnit tn tho Colltttv ot Pbrsioitna in 
1713. His ootnlMt u Steuior, duiinptou of 
tkr OitUnge of Physicians, <n-ith » f-ltnmpton 
of thtf AODtliMxriw, i* otw of thv incidonlt 
af tlu* fiftti canto of Ituth'a * l)i«piii«u-y.' 

ClURLM OooDlLu the yosnger (1671- 
l^Hi(>, povt, sou of iJie roKvDing, was odu- 
«ftt«I at Eton, and Merton rVill«<|):i>, Oxfiml, 
where hm bwwiitf |)wl-mai>l'.'r in Itk^. IIl> 
dieil 11 Mkv 168D, and wtw hurieil in Mfr- 
loti C<j11^o chaftcl. He waa, an Woivd. 'a 
mu»t ingrntouH yonn^ tnnn.' He is author 
4irui<^«flily wriiifn vii)tiinf>nf|Mj<un4.'>ntilk-d 
'Povm^aod traiitflation^wntteuupoiift^v^ral 
aoauiooft aiul to »-Vi>nil i-_-r8t>ux by II Lite 
athoUr of Eatoo,' Lx>ndoD, lOSV. Tliere oni 
twnd^-dicttririnit.oneloUicCouuteMofL'lmreii* 
«loa. «ik1 the uth«r to 'Mr. Hoilvrick, I'pjMT 
Master of Eaton School ' ( Wuoii, AtAMtr, «d. 
BliM, iv. ^Gti). 

[Maok'i Coll. of Pby«. i. 108; (Earth's Dis- 
ttwiMrv, «th od. i;oe. p. 91 : Works: SIihuiq 
VSa in BntUh HiiMmmJ S. M. 

QOODALL. CHARLOTTE ( rf. 1784- 
1913 >, oetraw, w«« the ilauichltr 'il Stnntun, 
miutBitur of what was called a ' tdinring com- 
pany in St^H'onlahin'. Fn>ni an i^wrlv ORe 
sbe pUyeil in her faiher'n mtnpnny. Hm 
Bwdt 90 Mtcoanfiil a d^but «t Bnch u Rosa- 
Ibid, 17 .^pril 1784, that John I'almt^r \q. v.] 
esncvd her for hk tbe«ire. In Itath or 
Brotol ahn p1«y«d Lady Teuilc, Lydia Laii- 
gniali, MiM HftnlOAllr, Mr». Pngi'. and many 
Other t'harHi-ti'Tiii, tiifliiiliii^ Juliet and I>i^»- 
demono. On t( (kt. 17H7. m\] in Baih as 
3bln. Qoodall, latp Mion Stanton, she plaved 
Miranda in Iho' ilunyhtnly.' (hi 20rt. liSS 
«hen»de hprd£hutinl.^ndon.at l>ruryl.an«, 
oa Rosalind. ShcoiipportMlMiiwFarmn^q.v.] 
and Mm. Jordan [q. v.] in other characters, 
and pla^fl »l>io fTiarlotle Hiiifmrt in ' Weet 
Indian/ Ank'i-lira in ' Iaiyc for Lore,' Millu- 
mant in ' ^^lly of iht- World,' and Violn in 
' Twelf h Niffiit.' Urr rnfuul to play Lady 
[Anne in ' Ki»|j KiclianI 1 H ' Iml to a ({tiuml 
l-tritL Kt'Oihlc and lo ■ keen newapajHT run- 
tuoT«rfv Ou .% Joly 17^^. rxpresaly en- 
^^ _ fcv Colmaii tim y(>iinK<-r for ' hnitfchxs 
pnu**l>P nppeatnl ar tile Haymarkel u8ir 
Harry Wildnir in tha' Conataiit Couple-' At 
OOP i>r other houw ftb» pUyed many orif^nal 
rharnrti-rit in plavn nf ••onndnry importance 
|*oi»' fiir(ji>tl«"n. Wilh tlm Itmry I^ane com- 
^hv miirratf^'d in l"Ol-i to tli« Kind's 
In' in tbi' MavnMrlii'l, when- >'hi< pliiyed, 
^KoT. I'fM.Kalluirine to the IVtrw^hioof 
INUraer, retuminsin \''M n-ith the company 
lA Dniry Lan'-, Two orthrr*- riMrs lftt<T8h« 
Maaed lo belong lo t)if >iitiiiiier poiujmny at 
tb«Ii«;a)arket,aodinKl>tf 'Jbertumcdiaap- 



pearafKMuLbeDniryLanttbiit*. i^hepUyedat 
the iraymarket foraBhnrt tiuftii) I80S. On 
19 July l8i;{iin aclinti was brought by llur 
hiuband, HiomaA OoodntI ;'q. v.\ a merohant- 
eaptain ill IJri^tid.wbu look ihfl title of Admi- 
ral of llayU. iL^inft William Fletcher, on at- 
loniev. fur criminal (ytn^'t-rsation. A verdict 
fort liKj)]nintifr,nilh'>,UUU/.duna^:««,waF then 
given. In the evidi^ncc it la staled that Mr«, 
I I(ii>iIh]1 ws« origrioally on aL-trvm, and bad & 
family of t-iglil children. Krom thin (Kjint 
traree of .Mm. t.foijdall diwippBiir. Hhe liad 
a tfyinmt^tricalfiff'iTe. ftml in tliis rcspoct was 
pitit.-d ug«ini<l Sirp. Jordan, whom alia «tr- 

taxMHl in height. Flur voicv wae melodiauK, 
111 hvr articulation not qiiit^ clear, ilor 
chHrtM-tiir JK wiid to have been amiabU*. A 
portmithT If.^ Wildf-Cq. v.], rcprraenlin^her 
ntt Sir Ilarry Wildair, is in thu Mathewti 
C'«I!w.lifin «'t iho (iarriok Club. In th« 
'Druriod.'aRatire. 17!>H, 4lo, dif is lifsmbwi 
UM poMBminK a neat 6|rure and 

a pr«rtT. Ilfu'cu t*(v -, auJ it ix im\A 
Nor ioy, nor gripf. afTft-t {tic) her lifeluas frame, 
InaniBMto and gvallo. mild and tome. 

A nol« «ny« die convv-ya the ide« of ' a well- 
constructed automaton.' 

[Ganefli'sAceo>iriC'>ftlit.>Ka){Ilah8ta^; Hoile- 
woodV SoTTi-iBi^orjof th^Orwn Room. 179i; 
OilliIatid» Ilraiiuilic Mirror, 1808; R«[xirt of 
Trial. tSwtlnll v. Kletchor, 8to, r. d. (1818); 
works riled.] J. K. 

GOODALL, EDWAKU (1790-1870), 
linix'nsTnver, WOK horn at Leedx on 17SepU 
1795. Hewa8vntin^ly»<>]f-laiight,and owed 
lua proficiency *olely tu Lin ouii ability and 
persereraoce. From the a^i- of aintm^n h« 
pnetiaad both i-nfrravin^ and painting: hut 
navinff attracted the attention <if Turner by 
one of biE pacttires exhibit<>d ai rht< ICfiyol 
Academy in 1823 or 1823, tho latter ofitired 
him ad moiiv platea to engrare from hia 
pnintinc" as de aould undertake. Tbia d^ 
cidbd hm future coutw; m b landwape en- 
graver, and his principal plat<w were from 
the works of iho in^eat landicane painter. 
Thuiw; includvd 'Cologu«,' ' Tivoli, with tlio 
Temple of the Sybil," Caligula'a Bridge' — 
s cummiMion fnim titu onirl which was never 
publiahed — 'Old I.imdon Bridge,* and wvnral 
pUloH for the ' Fngland and walefl ' Beries, 
and (he '^uthnm Ciia«t.' To (huite must 
be added the exrjuiailA Utile vi^etU^a for 
Rogors'e * Italy ' and ' Poems,' and the illus- 
trations lo Cainpbell'ii * PoeniK.' lit- i-ngraved 
also * A Seaport at Sunaet ' and - Tlii> .Mar- 
riage Pootivol of laaac and Rebecca ' after 
(Tlaudn I/>rrain, a ' I^ndacapo. with Cuttlo 
and Ftguren,' after Cuyu, and ' The Market 
Cart ' after Gainsboroogli, all for the scrica 

l3 




Goodall 



ii6 



Goodall 



of 'En(iroviun from tfai.* Pictures in tli# 
National (JoUery,* publifibed by the Asso- 
c'uil«d Bn^avei*; 'The Ferry Boat," aflnr 
F. R Leo, for Findcn's ' IUptu) CIoUmt of 
Brititib Art;' aad 'Tilt! CWlleol lochia,' aftt'r 
(?UrkM>n Stfttifield, for the Art Union of Lon- 
doa. Althoii^fli liuidtwupM '.-uKniviu^wiLn tii« 
8piiC-ianiy,tieaUoexerul<?(l several figure sub- 
jects, moreeepecMUTnrter thu ifainlin)^ of his 
son, Fnult^rieK Goodnll, iL.\. Among theae 
wcw'ThfiAngRrfiWhiapfir'and'Tlif Soldier's 
Dresni,' 'The Piwr' (enttrsvi'd for lh» Art 
irnioii fif hnndon), 'f*rAnm*-r at (ho Traitor's 
Gate,' and 'The Ilappv Days of Cbarlw the 
First." all afl^rFrfdoneklfooHaU: (uiil'The 
Clialk Wagoner' ufti^r Knsa Dniiheur. He 
al«o eiigravwd Momo plates for the ' Atuultt ' 
and for the ' Art Jounial,' iht' lallvr cora- 
pri«ing ' liflinin^ Iho Mavix'!';." ' A Summer 
HoUdav,''The Swinp,' 'Felice BnUArin rc- 
dUng' taMO,' ' Iliinl ilie ?*lipp*.T,' ' Arrest of 
• Paasant Knvalitt, Krittanv, 17»-'l,' ' Tho 
Poat-boy/and'Thc School of f?iiltaoHii8MUi,' 
all aftvr Ffwhirick (iiMHinll; 'The Bridp^ 
of Toledo' after David Roherls: 'AnaalB. 
Gulf of Salerno,' after fieorgM K. Jlerinir; 
' Maachvatftr from Kernal Monr,* Bfl«r W, 
Wyld ; ' EveuiuK in Italy," after T. M, Ri- 
chardson ; ' The Moninsforj-,' aft'^r O, Achen- 
bduh ; aud ' Didu building Carthage,' ' Cali- 
gula's l*«la<'>? and llridge. Bay of min,' and 
' ITlvBAGa deridinp PolyphcmuK,' after Turner. 
UoodaClV fnmiTivlit mainly upmi liin platen 
after TurniT, which are esemited with groat 
dflIij;aPT and beauty. LIi; died si Hamptstvad 
Road, Ijoiidon, on II April 1870, ItMtviiiK 
three nonfl, Fredenclc Goodall, R.A., Ko- 
ward A.floodrtU.and Walter (londKll [q. v.], 
Ricmbon of t!i'' Unyal Socifty of Painlcra in 
Water-Colours, aniladaHffhter.Eiiin Goodall, 
aA«rwBrdd Mrs. Wild, who exhibited Mtmis 
doniMtiv Bubit^otK at tht! Itoyiil .\mdemy and 
IMliith Instilulion between lS4tl and 1855. 

[Art .r..unml. 1870. p. 183; Bryaoa Diet, of 
[*aint'-r> and Ktijinvm', ed. OrarM, ISSQ, L 
884.) R. E. G. 

GOODALL, FKEDERICK TRE- 
VFOiYAN fl»l8-lf*^'t- pBint.T, Mm of 
Froderifrlc Goodall, R.A., wot. a student at 
the Royal At^demy. In 180H and im» he 
exhibited some •ttudint (here, and in 18^19 
was succi'aBful inobiuiniui; ihi> gold medal 
nf tile Afyidemy for an nriji^iniil picture, 'The 
ll«tuni of IJlyBBBS.' H« wenl lo llnly. and 
seemed on Uin tbnwliold of a .incoMsful 
career, when he lofit his life by an accidvut 
at Capri gn 1 1 April 1871. Ho wna Iwttnty- 
thnw yauB nf age. 

rBedgraT« a Di el. of ArLisu ; Gmve^a Did. <tt 
&rti»U. 1700.1880.] L. C. 



oooDALi^ iinwARii o^ja~\grti 

painter, aon of Fredenck GoodalE, li.i 
flhowed early unimuK* as a paiol'er. Ho 
hibit^dattbeftoval .Xmdi-nivin IHTO'Nj. 
in the HouiM of tflaiicus,* an'd in IS'S'rVp 
Giria winnowing.' IlvdimlatCktroonltJi 
1874, ogod 2.i. 

[Ilmlgrsie'R Dii^t. orAnisU; Qmvaf'a Dio.! 
AtlibtA. LT6»-l»ia.] L. 0.1 

GOODALL. .K.tSKPH (ITfiO-lRlO), pm- 
voi^l of Ktnn, wan Inirn "J March 1760. II* 
wa« elected to King's rnllege, Cambrid^ 
frum Eton in 1776. He gained BrowneV 
modal* in 1781 and \7Ti2, and the CVavflH 
eoholarebin in 1782. lie graduated B..V. 1^| 
I783and M..\. in i;S6. In 178.-1 he b«cain«a 
fellow of bis college and a^^iNlant -matter at 
Ktnn. In IWl hewao appointed head-tsa»- 
tcr of the school, whicli preserved it» nuai' 
bm and reputation under hiui. In 1806 he 
hticaiue ennon of Windaoron the recommea- 
daliou of hie fiiend and Khoolfetlow, He 
Mar<|uis WellejiIeY. In lUOO hf. luecMdcd 
JooHitian DavioB [^n. t.] be provosrt of Gtao. 
Tn 1837 hf- iicciratod the nwtorvof Wert It* 
ley. Berl(«hirf-, Irnm the chapli^r nf Wiodwr. 
Gotpdall bad the virtues of the idnl liead- 
ma.->trrof an Kncfliubpublicachool; bewroto 
Latin verses, of which nKvinient> are in the 
•Mus» Klonenie»"(I8I7, i. Utt. ii. S*,Mv 
87). The second roIiiBuj is dedicated to him. 
Hi« di.-M-iplirii- wan mild, andhewavoourtcomi, 
witty, hoiipitsble, and gi'neraua. He waa a 
aliiunch cunservalivr, andduringrhui Itfewii 
iiiijipciwd I'lbean inftiijH-rable olulai'le to any 
threatened innovations. William IV cmoa 
sail] in liiit preiwnri-, * When Goo<1hI1 j^v* IVH 
make you [ Kente] prorost : * t.o which be n^| 
plied, ' I could not think of " going " before 
your majwly.' lie kepi hitt wori, and died 
in March iklU. lie wm buried in lb« iki^h 
lege chapel S April following. A statue 1^1 
tha Koll'-jn- chapel wa« raiaed to his inwmoiy^ 
by a wubHcription of 3,000/',, headed by Uw 
quoen dowa^ir. He foundi-d n ncholarship 
of Wl. a ywir, to be held at Gxford or ('ant- 
hridge. A roeEzotint fruin n. portait by IL ~ 
Dawc was publistiiKl. 

[i^cnLMnt^. 1840. pp. AI6. 070; Hi 
Alunmi KtoiienHn, p. 354 ; UaxwvU Lyto'a Eton 
CI87S). pp. .155, 371. 401-3.] I.. S 

GOODAIiL, SAMUKL ORANS. 

((/. IHOl), admiral, waa prnmoled lo 
rank of lieutenant iu the navy in I'M, 
on "2 .Iiin« 1700 to the command nf _ 
Hasrml alonp, in which he captun»d a Frene, 
privateer, the Due d'Av^w. at anchor on tW 
coast of Norway nfar ftgt-rniind — an alleged 
breach of Denmark's neutrality, which garv 



or I am- 





Goodall 



117 



Goodall 



to a loi^r and curioua cMTMpondenoe, 

lOoilfLll (li'feiiditte hie wAion on tlio grouiKU 

rtliitt iltt* Froucliuupluwl DiaOc prizes wtiliin 

[« bweuc of tiM> shore; tluit ' t)K plar« was a 

^pntical neet for FRnch roven, to the ob< 

■trurtiun of commrrrr by lli« niPJiiu;»l of 

TAWeiH: ' and thai aa iLe kin^ of Deuraark 

Lai] 110 fons or cti'ijrn* theTe, and ^Tprcijuwl 








of thv MmiiTy uf 3i gant., in wliicli 
be JoUied fUe fla^ of Sir (i«orge Pocock 
[q. T.] in th4.- WlwI Indifw, and look (■'urt in 
tile [mIiicI.Iuu of llavuiia. He was iii^«r- 
varda (-mployed in the itrot«ctton of tnulu 
l4m thii CMUit orOvoipn, and rvlonic«l limni! 
b Uw spritif of 1754. In 1769 htt cnm- 
XUMioned the W'iDriif>l»ea fureerricein thv 
MBdit«VTan^iiii . and in th>^ ■iimtnvr nf 1770 
«■• «rat to pmtect itrititili iniereiita at 
Soiynia, -nrhere th^ Turks, hy r«ii»on of t)u> 
war with tiu-tsi« and ihv nxirnt <U-«triic<.inn 
■of their liwi i« Ch<«iDe Bay [sw Eu-iiix- 
entn, Jons], wtre i» a stato of prr-at f xcitt'- 
tiu-Jii *«d "Xiifiwrsliou. Id 177f* liu coni- 
iiuuid«d thf Urfiajicf of 04 nuns, iu the 
aclion off L'bfaant on 27 Jutr: und WiiiK 
aftvrvrard* diovmI iuUi Llif \idiitnt, Arrreo 
ia the Channi-I ieet ilirmigb the ihrt-i- foI< 
lowiaur vean. and at tlie relk-f of (tihrallnr 
in 1781. Ilt^ •t>'Tward« went, out willi 
t}' to tht- West Indioe, and took an 
ble pari in the action?) off Dominien 
9 and 12 A|>ril 17C2. Th<^ Valiant wajt 
one of thv ahtjM (b«n delacbed with Sir 
Samuel tlood to int^rmpt xhfi Hying mcmy 
in ihir Ml>us pnuage, nod boiiifTi b^ her 
b<rit<!r Mailiu)f, ahaad of b«r coriMtrta, it mu 
Iu hvr thai both thi>C'utouand Jusuii struck 
lh«ir fla^ on Ifl April. Hb«- retumul (o 
England on the peace, and ift-afi paid ufl*. 
For a short tini« in tht- fiUDimvr of 1790 
^KOoodall (viTDnuknflf>d iht< Oihraliar; and on 
^P 21 Stpi. 17^.> be n-ii« advano^ lo th«' rank 
of rvar-aduuvl. To 179"ihe waacomrrmnd.^r- 
iii-4'bier in Neu'(i)uii<Uaud, but niuruod 
boiut* m I hd u-inti<r, and in April 1 7W1, n-ith 
hia (laf* in tbt? PrincoMi I!oynl, took one of 
tfa* dirtnioni of lb« flMtt uu( to the Mcdl- 
terranenn, where, during the oct-upnlion of 
Toiilna. be actvd nn governor of ihv dty. 
On i'J Aiinl 17ii4 bf tn^-iiniKa vire-Adniiral, 
jwd afler the recall of Lord Ho"d i.v)in- 
inandf^ in iJtv Mcond |kuiI unili-r Admiral 
IfothaDi, in the arlionii of 13 March und 
l.'J July 17W5, but withmit nny oppcirlonily 
ftf ftpwial diMinelion. Towards fhn c.\a^ 
of lliu yi-iai be appU^l for leave lo strikv 
hi* flaf;, b«ing disapp'>inl>-d, it wna sAid, at 
■ot snoofiodiag to liie coinntaud of the lleet. 



tie bad uo furlliHrwrvioe.batwaaadTancvd 
to thoruik of admiral on 14 Feb. 1799. Ha 
died at Tuigiuooutb in 1(41, 

[ChnrcocVa Iti<iK. NB*.ri.4£8; Riilfo's Naral 
Buiu. i. 336 ; Official httten lu ihe Public Re- 
conl (n&M. Thorc am nbo Mrtiia int«rraitiiig 
» in Nin>la>\ Seimta ikupaiclitw (ace 



nuttns 
I»d«().1 



J. K. L. 



OOODALL, THOMAS ( 1707-1833 P), 
admiral of IJa«i, was Ijum at Brialol in 
17(17, and was mtendeil by hix fiilhor lo be 
brnnf^hl np a« a liLwycr; but nt tbtt afrv of 
thirteen he ran uwiiy from Bchool, and 
ftliippt'd un boenl a privaliwr bound for the 
\V*-:<|. Ii]diii». which was cast away on St, 
Kills iu lit- burrirjuieof Oct.1760.* He was 
so rurtunutf as to fall intA tlio hands of a 
merchant ib'.-ni wbo WEUud^uainted with hid 
fatlii^r, and |iajMed him cm tn an uncle in 
Muniiremit. He was now fnt«r<x3 on board 
llif rrilciii friffati*, in which he was rated ne 
midshipman, and was prti«i>nt at thi? action 
off Domini™ on llJ April l7H:i, In Oetobcr 
17fi2 bt' wa« tran.*fcTTed to the Tbetia fur a 
^laMaffe home ; aft*>r which bo rvltuiu'd to 
the merchant acnice for a voyagi! t** Uio 
Levant, and afterwards to Cbiiut. In 17147 
he married Mim Stanton, a Touns octreae 
[iivc GooUALL, CiiAUUnTB], aeseribM u a 
vpry bi^nutifiil woman, whum he saw plftyiiiff 
at tho Bath Thojitrp. During the Spauiih 
urmamvnt in I7EK), (^ioodall wtui bunie ua 
mo-HtJir'a mari- on houni the NumeMiii, coin- 
raaiided by Captain A. J. Rail ; but on thai 
dispute bving urran^^d, linvin^ no proapwta 
in th« navv^ In-. ol)tHincd command nf a 
merchant ohip briund to the West ladies. 
Unring his aWnci? the war with Krancx 
begun, and on Iii« homeward voyagti he wan 
captured by a French priialM-r and carried 
into L'Urieut, Ucwo£, however, forl.unoto 
enoiiffh to win iliti ^hmI will of his captor, 
who found an opportunity to Id, him eacape 
on iKinnl n Diitcli (imbLT ship then in tbo 
port. On his rer.nm to Rngliind, be is said 
to have been appointed to the I)iad>;u] frigate; 
but h» do(.>a not »Ofm lo bave joined her ; h« 
was certainly not entcrvd on tlie ahip's boola 
[J*ny-,ff(«iAo'f thelliiulemj, H« acouptod tbv 
oommnnd of h itmull privalew, and continur^ 
in her iLII the puacr of 1801, 'during which 
Time he is snid to liave niiiile more vnyaffcs, 
fijugbt mori' uotiou;, and capturt.d more pnaeii 
than evRr before wt-rt- liff^ct.d in the eamv 
limo by uny private ship.' Wben the war 
briikc oiil n^in, IioimUU fitted out a SBiall 
privateer nf lOgnnnnnd fortymeo, in which, 
on 'J^f July 1N03, he fell in with, uid after a 
Atiibbrirn d^fcnp^' wn» captured by, La Caro- 
line, a large privateer, and again ourind into 




Goodall 



tiS 



Goodall 



L'Orient. H» nnd his men wtTP bpm an Xa 
Kimn.Mi, nmJ thciiw to Et^<inul ; from which 
pliu'f lii.-niH<!Mhi!> i-jacniN^in coiiii>nnTwilJin>u> 
nf liifl nlUcpni. After many IinrdfihipiiAnd nd- 
VMOturpti tbey rtwli'"il Un- Uliin», siicce^dud 
in cn)rtiini! il, nnd »« mutdtig tlicirwnrto 
llprlin, wliepcw lliey weiv -i*-!!!. on to fe.i^- 
Und. 

Uii tlie b«-u:iunlii]^ of tlu- uar with Spain 
Ooodall af^in obtained command of a pri- 
Vttli-cr, and in lit-r capturiKl a Irttuunt-tihin 
from V«rii ('nix. iftt nnnmrard* louche^ 
at St. l>omingo, and having made same bc- 
Hiiftintiinw with Chmtopln!, on* of two 
nvnl hlnrk prfwidente, he was inducM to 

Sut his ship and his own services at the 
ispotwl of fJliriatuphc in the civil war that 
wiui raging between che two. His assi&i' 
anceieems lohare turned 1 he fcale definitely 
in Chrijiophc's fiivonr; but GootJoU -wm 
coneidtfrvd )jv the (rovemnr of Jamaica to 
have acted iiupro[KTly, and was Iherefow 
Fi'nl homv in IM>8. On bl« arriviLl he wuit 
Tvlemii^il, and .■Jwrtty after ret uiTn-d toHayfi; 
cunuDg humeatCBin m 1810 andsfnii" in l>i\i. 
lit- i" S'lid In hino ivmiltwl tni liin iigiMit tn 
Kn(i;land — an attnmey named Fletr.her — 
very larie eums of nionoy, to the amount of 
liU.tXXJ^ Tlif amounl wn.i {irohnbly fxnfr- 
perated, but thai he hail remiticd consider- 
able Kunut »t'emi4 eAtablnthed. He now, 
huwuvtir, found hinu-vtf u bankrupt by (lie 
cliicniir-ry nf M'-lcht-r. who hitd not mily 
robbed Iiim of his fortune but idso o( his 
wife, who. allhougii tliu muthfir of eight 
rhildren by t JiKKi«1l,jiix of whom w<-n< liring, 
had becomi' Flcti-'her's niietrefis. It was de- 
pni>t«d on the IrinI tlinl [iiiring Iter huMbaod'a 
imprisnnmi'Mt unci alwrire from lininf Mrs. 
(Joodall IiimI supported lier fninily by her 
theatrical profcwif>n : but rht-rc was no 
whi-iper of any ini^condiitt oreTen levity oa 
her part, till fihe vielded to the seductiona 
of fletcht^r; and tlio Jury buforv whom tbc 
caae wiu trii<d, Inkinu- thi* vifw of the 
mattor, awiirded tho injun-d bui>baml 5,000/. 
damag«w. 

Of (ioodall, nothing; furthi'r is knnwii; 
hut ui hie name does not ni-cnr in the later 
hiatorr of Hayii (Livonadk, TMaiian <U* 
ivinemi'ntji. &r.), il won Id wptn nrobnbhi 
Ltiathe lived in prii'acvlill hi« death, which 
in aaid to huvn takt-n plac^ in \KV1 \ F.van», 
Cataioffw vf Enijyfiitd I'vrtraits, ISW). 

[Earopean Ma^. (May I SOS), liii. ;t23. Thia 
biograpliiesl iiketcli would atipwar lo ha*« bwn 
farniEbed by Of}odaU hunself, and \e therefore 
tikblft to rnspicion of ucaggeniLinjt s runiitntic 
carMT : so fur u tbey go, it i» corroborated by 
tha pay-booka of tho Tritoo and tho K*mHai. 
now id tlie Public Bttord Office. Ooneral 




Eroning Vtmt, 311 April, l-t l&Kf ia08 : 
of t li« Trial bt^twpMD ThMDoa OoudaU {PUtnti 
nad Witliam Flcicher (DefaKlaat), 1K13. BmV 

J. K.L 
GOODALL WALTER (ITOBF-Kes; 
Hpoln^idt of Mary Qu<>«n of Scot*. w«» 
eldest don of John lioodall. a farntt^r in I 
aliin-. IIi^ n-u educated at Kiiig'a CoUug«v 
Old .Aberdeen, which he cnieivd in lT2j),bat 
left without talcing n dc^v. In I7S0 he 
obtaini-d ■■mployrnvnt in i ho Advocalee' Li- 
brary, Hdinburg;h, and in \7Xi iM'canin aui^ 
librnriiin. He aided the principal libnhan, 
Thoiuiii> liuddiniuii, in ibe ompilalionof the 
catalo^e of the lilirary. priotrd in 1743, 
whii'h hai- now been *;nlirelysupereoded. In 
17i'^:{ tt(v>iall editj>il a new imuu of x\f 
gnrbk-d ' .Memairs of ibe AHaint of dcoUand,' 
original lyptibliahed by ! liivid Crawford [q, T.j 
Ilia intorfsl in ihi*' Mi'moiiv 'arose fpom tlw 
favourable reprevenlation they CHilaitK"] 
the cariNir of Qucc-n Mary. Goodall at I 
lime purposed to wTite a iifo of QuuL-n Ma: 
luid sif, a preliminary published in 1764, 
t wo rolumM, an ' Kxamiuation of the Lett 
said to bo written by Mary CJuern tit 
lo Jbjulv, Karl of BoibwelK* Tlw work nay 
l»> TVfpmlod an Lhi< inauguratinnof the apolc^ 
pifii epoch of the liieraiur*' relating to t' 
unhnppy uucn. It shows acutonewi and 
gvnci:'. and many of his urfjumenta are st> 
made to do service in viiuiicntion of Mart, 
j altlioiigb others have bevn discarded, and lu> 
! reiwarclies bar* been fU]rpI>'iDented by mean* 
I of a more thorough examination, mpt>oiallT ' 
' t1u> inlemnl evidence bearini; on the |f<-niu 
I utw* of the k-ltur<>. In 1754 he alao pal 
llihed an edition, witli nnrndnl ion*, of 
of ScotBtnrvrt's 'Staggering Slate of 
SlAl««nen,' and nn firit ion of .Sir Janea Bal- 
four's ' Praelicks," with preface and lifr. B> 
iMiiottKl Richon Keith in the prwaralioo of 
his ' New Oalalngue of SeortiAn Bishop*,' tor 
whi<-h be supplied the preliminary airvounl 
of tlun Culdi'C*. Till- htstoncal val'ui- of tliia 
dissertation U impaired by (ioodall'srio] 
national prejudices. Not cunl«ii( with 
di«Toiiring lo deny tliat the Scniia of 
early writera wuj Ireland, not Sool.lnnd, 
that lliosu first termed Rmti were realljr 
■^mtarant^ frvui Irt.-land,bc afBnncft tlist Ire- 
land'sntb'raucieui iiaiut-, Ii-rnf.belnntfiediJan 
to Sooilaud. The '^Incialis lenii-,' which, 
acnnrding lo riaudinn, wept fr>r her slain 
Scots, WAS in his opinion tlic brilliant anil 
oxquiiite ralley of siratheam.tfae i>vat of an 
ancient Celtic e«rldom, (ioodnll published 
in 17filt an edilion of l-'ordun's ' iN;olichroiti- 
con,' with a Lntin introduction on the ami- 
qiatiLvi of Scotland, andadiiwrtatioa an tlie 
marha^fe of Hoherl III. An Enj^lisfa inns- 





I 
I 



Uiioncif the ininxluctJaiiippeanKleepeTatelj 
in 17110. (loodftU died in ])Ov«rtT iS July 
1706. 

[SccCb M*g. uviii. Z9a -, Anderaon'* Scottish 
KAtioa : Urit. Ma#. Cm.] T. F. H. 

GOODALL. WALTER (Ift3n-I8)»9t, 

w»l«rr-<-"linir [>aiiil<^, bnm on *l Not. li^iW, 
WM ruuu^i-«t Hon ot Bdwanl < inodall [q. v.", 
ll«i fnt,T»»cr, «ihI brotli<;r of Fri'di-ritJi 
GomUU, IL.K. He studied in tlio scbout of i 
dMign Rt Somerset Boose atid at lliv Ito^l ' 
AcBdmiT. In I6o2 he extiibited tbn,-vtlra«r- 
ingt kt the ICoyal Avadpm;. lu 1863 b^ 
beCAmr in usociAt« of Ibe old Sucirty of 
PuQU'ni in Watvr-colourt), ftnd continued lo 
bi> a frei|u«nt tubibitor in I'nll Mull from 
lUat dnt*-. In ItUS fan b>^ame a full mi.'isbi^r 
of tltot tuicieU'. Hi* drnwingn were very 
tnuch C9tt«[iu^ II<^ WKH A oinilant exbi- i 
bilor %\ tlll^ Ho.vbJ MAnclM^tcT In«tiliition 
Knd >11 1 bf ^inndjMl wnter-colourexliibilions. 
Souif of luD best work wm nhown at tlie 
«xbitiiLi»n of wntt^r-colotir paintious aL Muu- 
cherter in IH*;1. Ilia * Ixnterr ■nckct' w«* 
••xliibited kt the I'bilBdeJphiii (Ji-nl'/imial Ex- 
hibition in IS7(S. (iood&ll uauallv punted 
sm&U subH-ci-|>i(;turvs »ucli (u 'I'bo Dav- 
dnf»m,' 'Thf L'nuile Sung,' ' W'«ilinff for tbv 
Kern-bual,' uid ' Tlii- Tired Litrt^-inalij'r.* A 
nontDerof iJieuu! w^n- lilliof^phMl in useriM 
antitleil ■ Walti^r lloodair* Kuatit- Skiitcliea.' 
Qood&ll aljN.1 niudtf many drawing from pic- 
ttiRs in the Vernon (.iallery for cu^javiuffs 
pobttibt^ in ibo' An JouriuiL' Alwut four- 
t»m ymrs Vi^fnre tiixdeftlh be bad rtpartilytic 
M-irari*, fnim which hti never quilc iwivi^rcd, 
Mad during tltu U4t Tow yfarv of \m Viiu wae 
mikblrtn prurtidetmart. Ili^dit^on 14 May 
I6lJB, in hit !>i:(tit.-lb yrar. ItiKving n widow 
<nd thrm citildreu. 

[Atbontrani. 1 Juno 1889; HatH-b««tar Onar- 
di«n, 28 U»y 1889.] UC. 

OOODOOLE, nESRY (Ift88-lfi41), di- 

vine, bnpiiM'd «l Si. James's, C'lerki^nwell, 
Middir«rx, ou '£i May lt>8>l, was the mu of 
JaiDCA (ioodcole of Uiat j)«rii!)i, by hi» wilv 
Jo«a Duncomtw (^rwA Jieyi»t»rM, Ilarl. 
Sot. i. 17,iii.4). Ht.-dot»nut apfienrtobavu 
((ntduat^l Ht a univeraity, nor to hav« ob- i 
tftiiK^ rbiirch prvfermtni until tst« in Ufe. 1 
A smiidul 4-onnectcd wiili bis marriagv may 
bare \»'trn th« eauM of hi* nnn-advuicomeat. | 
His minifitmtians Aeera to hare prond ac- ' 
r«ptabl<> to thu condemn^ priKonen in Nvw- 
pitr, wbon h« attended by Iv«t<> of the 
ordinaiy, and wIhmh dyin^ coiifeMtons be 
oocaftioDallypi)bli»h»d. Sucbarc: I.'.-\Tnic 
m^laration of th^ hnppy CVinnTniod, con- 
Infion, and Chrinlian preiMrMliou of Francis 
Bobiaw n i, tivntlvtnan. Wbo for cornier- i 



' ffllting tbu Great Se<al« of England, was 
drawen, Han^'d, and quartvivd at Cbarins 
CroMv, on Friday la*t(,^Miiig tbo ThirU.<«otE 
day of Noucmber, IblS," 4to, Lomloii, liilS. 
S. ' Tbe \^'und•■rful Uificoven of Elmbetb 
I f^wy«?r, a \Vit«b, btte of Kdmonton, h«r 
Otnvictiou. Condouuialion, and Death ; to- 
jfclhcrwirb thr It.daiionof iJiwUnvil'aAcceaa 
to b«^ir, and lb«ir l^onferenee togechw/ 4to, 
London, lt(i> I. a. 'Tbf AdultrwsMFuoemU 
I>ay: in flantin^, f>corcbing, and cotuutning 
firr>: or the burning dowue to oabea of AUm 
C'larkii tatf of Vkbridin- in the Oouoly of 
Middl«»ex. in Wt«i-«uxjibBeId, on Wunaday 
the 'JO. oC .May, I>i>1-% for tbe unnntutafl 
imi»oDiu^ '>f Korl une Clarht.- livr Husband. A 
bri'viary of wbone ( Vjufiw*iou uken fittm hep 
owni- nioutb i« here unto annexed: As aUo 
wbal ali« Myd at tbo place of her Ksocutioa,' 
4to. London, ItiSe. In IR.17(]oodc<^ap|nare 
ancuratoofSt.Jamca'ejCUirkeawt^U.in which 
Curehewan*ucce«KliedbyJanMw8ibbBld,|t.l>,, 
on 19 Not. Iti-ll (NEwvovur^if^perrornm,!. 
tlTiT). Ill- niarni<d, at Si. James's, Clarltan- 
weli, nn 24 Anjr. 1606, Anne Trvme, by 
whom be had, rather too soon, a aau^ter 
Jonn, tMptiw.-d on ^'i Feb. 160^-7, and two 
eooa, Andrew and Uuniphr>' (ParuJi lUfU- 
ter; Uarl. Soc. i. ■!«, &*, 00, iii. 31). 
[Rolinaon'a Bdmoaton. p. 1 18.] 0-. O. 

GOODE; FRANOIS (1707P^lftl2), di- 
vtnt", Ixini in I7H7 or 179H, was the son of 
WilliAiD Goode, tlie «lder [q. v.], far hia 
wil'u itcbfcca, daugfat^ of AbrahaiB Colea, 
Kilk nuiniirarliirvr.ofLondnn and SL. Albans, 
Herifcnl^re. (In 3 May 1600 be waa ad- 
mitted to 8t. I'aul's School, London, waa 
oiplain durin); 1816-16, and pinoMHled aa 
Oanindeii exhibitioner lo Triaily Collage^ 
Caranridj^, where be waa elected to a Par^ 
ex.hibtTion in lUlH, and bvid tl until 18i% 
In ltSl7 he gained u Uell unireraity voholar- 
sliip. and went out B.A. in 1^20 a.*) Aeventh 
wranfilxr, beouiing Kubuiniii-utly fellow of 
Ilia ciHlm3 {AdutMOH ReguUn afSt P4uiC$ 
Sehoolj A. Qardiner, p. iSi}. Ue proceeded 
M.A. in 18SJt. Roon af^«r his ordmatioo be 
went to India in the sorrice of the Cbiuvh 
Mi«iionary 8oci«lv. On his return home ha 
was cbooen ervoing lecturer of Clapham, 
SnrrciT, and in 16$l momina preacher at 
the Fenal« Orphan Arrlum, London. He 
died at Clapham on 19 Nov. I M^. Uc pub- 
liahcd many Mrmona. \ collected volanie, 
'The Italtvr Covenant,' reachi?d a lifth edition 
in IWa 

[OadL Ma^ new sor. zis. Slft-IO; Cam- 
briiljte Unirenntj Galmdnr; Fnacmal S«rnons 
by C. Bradlvj. W, Dealtry, and W. Buriowt in 
Tbe Pulpit, xlii. X87-M, 417-31] O. O. 



Goodc 



l>0 



Goode 



<K)ODB, WILLIAM, ibe elder (17fi«- 
1816), diviue, bora 2 April 17(!2 at Uucking- 
han), WRft the M)o of Wiili&ni 'iiio(lfF(if. 1780] 
of that town. Al U^n yearBof nj^v-Iii^wiiK [ila<-i^a 
at u privnttt Hchool in ItuckiniibuiD, and in 
Jntiuary 177<iat the Kev.T. Bulls acndi^niy at 
Newpurt I'mriR'U, UuckiLjjilminclureiWlierv lie 
n-tiiBinril until riiriBtuias 1777. In ihesum- 
iiii>rof 177H, aftvr uiiikinj^irialuf liUfullicr't 
bu*iin»*»", li" wi-iit HK iL privnli- i)ii]jil to llifl 
Rov. Thomas f 'Iflrkc m niiPsliBin Hois, liucli- 
ingbam shire. Ilii niiLtriculutt-d nt Miif^lnlfii 
Hall, Oxford, nn •* May 1 7KI, r/nnmi'iHTwl re- 
■tideoce on iliti foUouing; 1 July, i^udualiog 
B.A.aJFeb. I7**4,M.A. It) July 1787 (KfWTKR, 
Ahimni 0«m. 171.VlS6li, i.. W" ; Ouford 
(iraduaUM, 1H5I, p. aW). On 19 Dec. 17*4 
be was urdniiiml u<-ucDn by TburLow, bUbop 
of Linculii. lit; toiik Ihi- vuracv tif Abbots 
LonjrU-y in llerlfordshiro.towbichht'ftddt'd 
nvxx your thu lurncv uf Kiii^V Laufik-y. At 
th« mill of Miireli l?8B hp bi-ciLme ounil« to 
William Itooiaine, iLim n-utiir of iLu uujukI 
pB^ri»h«( of St- Amlmw \vy thir Wnnirfilifi 
and 3t. Aniu', KUi'.kfnnnt, at awUury of -10/. 
a year. Dn II Jump of the mtol' ypnr hi; 
■was ordnim.d prirsT hy Bi.tliopThitrlow. In 
Firbtuary !7Si' heubtfiint-d tbo Sunday afler- 
Doon l«icturvsbi[i at Itlochfriam, nrd Ju Ik'- 
et'inliLT 1703 1 liL- Lady CniuJf ii Tu«»lay evon- 
iii|{ Wl.unwliip Bl St. l-ftwrviH^t' Jewry. At 
thfl former Iwturc hp dplivftTcd betwooo No- 
vumber 17H3 and Sijilt-mber i79riu cmirsi- 
of sermons on tin- HpiHtln lo i h? F.phcviinn!). 
The second edition of Itrown'e ' Sc'lf-iater- 
pretinfi Bible,' piildj^hi-d in 1791, wb» iiui«!^r- 
intc-nd*-*! by him. Not Iwig afU-rhi> unoor- 
took for u while ih? ' lypograpbic reviwil ' 
of Bowycr's L-dition of 1liimL''« ' Ilislory of 
I^iiglaiid,' iwued iu llWXi, bul found hi* eye- 
fliffht unable to bear the strain. On y July 
h&G hf i-riis cliuHon accrviar)- ti> tbv yw'nity 
forlbf K.-Ii«fof poor pious Cler(rvme» of the 
Rstablifihpd Churrbrcaidinp intbr Country, 
Hvhiid (iiipjKirtfHl llifMM^i''t vfrrwii ilsinniilii- 
lion in 1 7K*<, imd held the of&vc till his death. 
He dcflini-ii u Hilary, voti-d by the com- 
mittj?e in I t^y.i, iir»-f<-rrin|[ to a/^n^pt an neoa- 
aional prpscut of money. In Ati^ut 179i'i he 
Bucwcck'd.nn tbcdt-iilh of William Romntne, 
to cho rttciory «f St. Ajidri^w by the \\'ai'd- 
robeaod.St. Aune. Ulurkfriant; and in IVceni- 
bcr 17rtJ be resijmt-d tho Sundav afternoon 
lwc1urf«liip at ItlHc-kfriartt on, bts appoiut- 
ment to u ^Jiuilar Kdurttihip at St. Jnhn'ii, 
Wappiitf^, wbioh bu retained until hie dcntb. 
He waa eletli-d to lln- triennial Kunda* 
ovt'Din^lectureiihip atOhrist Church, Spital- 
fi«ldi>, in IMIi, and in July 1810 to Ww 
Wednesday morning Iwiureehip at Blnrk- 
&iai8. He thus pri.>uclii<d nawr k>» tban 



tire aonnoiiii eveiy week. In 1611 he pub- 
1i«lied in TWO octavo volunti'i 'An Fnlirv 
N«w Version of Uie Hook of I'wiIuib,' which 
reached a (tecond edition in I^Klaodflihi 
in 1810- Ho was vkcl*.**! pp>idvnl of 31 
College in the spring of IHlIt and dplivr 
thv cuiit'jmary ' Concio ad Clerum." In 
autumn of IK14 (icMKli^ ri)tit«d aome of iIm 
prini'ipaltowusiutb'inorLb-weatenicoiuitiw, 
and in IBli'i Nortrirb and Ipawicb, ■• tbe 
adromte of ihr- Cbuivb MiM^ionarv Sodo^. 
lie died after a lingering illnetts al StockwoS, 
Hurrcy, on \U April 1816, and waa bttri^ 
in the roctorV vault iti Su Ajii>r*», Black- 
friars, m-ar the rema ma of William Komaine, 
ax hn bad rc(iui.>»Lod, By Ilia marnago on 
7 Nov. 17B6 toltebecca, dHiighltr of .K hmlttni 
Cules, fiilh mnnufiicturer, of London and St, 
jVlhani-, llvrlfordahirD, bu hud, with Iwelri 
othtTchi!dri'u,1woftuii.H,Frari(!i« (1797-1643] 



uch 

lird^ 

lin^ 



] 



[q.T.] wid William, tbe rounger [q, v.] 
th'S JuDi' brfiirr- litH df'tilli Onode rnmpleti 
a series of ITifi esaays on lln^ Bible namn of' 
Cbriril, on which be had been enji^aged alrare 
thirtei-n years bccides di'livcring Ibcm mt 
lecliire* oB Tuetday mornings at Ulai-kfriarK. 
Of these elcTen appeared in the 'Chrintiau^ 
(hiardinii' b>-iwei-ii July l^l-S and.MaylSIflfl 
and in^5eptember 18:^. They n-eri-|iu)iliKfafd^B 
in h eolkuted form nit 'EssiiTsoaall tbeSrrijr- 
tunil Name" and Titlwof Cbrii't,or tlie Eco- 
nomy of the4]oApfil I )ijipen.''al ion n« exhibited 
in tbe Person, Cbanicter.niidOffices of tbe K»- 
deiimcr ... To wbirh i« prt'lixed a memoi^H 
of the Author' [by hU ^on Wiltiani 1, (t voI^H 
8vo, London, 18'l22. Tlie 'Memoir' wm 
iei>iiod *<_-pamtelT in 1828, with an anpendixof 
letters. OoodeulKO]jubli»he<) H-veral sermoui^ 
Tlia mrtrait by S, Joseph was eugraTed by 
W. Bond. 

[Memoir refvrml Ui ; Emnir'* Oat. of KngraTad 
Ponraiu. ii. 17fi.] O. G. 




OOODK. WILLL\.M. U.D.. tho w 
( 1M}1-I«IW), diTiiie, fton of the l{*v. Willis 
(loode, the (diliT [q. v.], was born lONorJ' 
1 W)l, luid (tlucaled »1 Si. PanlV StbiKil, Lon- 
don, and Trinity College, Cam brid^-. He was 
lirst in claKfi('j< in l^:J:/,gmdouted in |S:fr>,Bnd 
waa ordained deaeon and jiriest iti IHl'/i, be- 
cominccurale to hisfather's friend,Crowlbfirj 
incumbi'tit (ifCbrii'Ltliurrh.Newgatu Stt 
In IftW he was appointed rectftr of St. A 
tholin, Watlini; iSl.reet, which be held I 
1&49, when the .Arclibinbop of Canterhn 
pre)ient*'d him to the rectorr of AllbnUowil^ 
thf> (ireat, Tham<w Street, in l85tl the lord 
cbuni.''dlor presented him to thi.* rectory of 
St. Margaret, Lolhbnrr. whie.h he held till 
I8t^0, when Lord Palmeratftn advanced him 
to lb« tlcanePi" of iti]iou. Hi* w.-m Warbur- 



A 



Good en 



t>i 



Gooden 



toniui iKtunr fimn 18S3 to 1857. lie died 
vary Middeair 13 Aug. lf<BS. Vat •otos y««n 
Goodr WW editor of Uie ' Clurifitian Ohw i ^CT,' 
ut<] bv««mu tb>j recogmaed chAmpioo of (!>«> 
•O-calit^ evangi-tickl f*nj id tbt? Anglicfta 
cljuivli. il'jw&stboMthorofslufjo number 
ortrmct9,p«mphU-Ui,ltitt«t»,andMMechMttp(iB 
the cburch-nttf (lueBtioa, the (imiatn easv. 
and tbp wholly trnctarion niovMn*nl. 

Bis chief vorkn Kre; 1. ' Memoir of U» 
Bot. W. (Joode. M.A.,' Had ediuQD, 1826, 
3. 'The M«]L-ni Cl&ims tu rh<- P o a >e» 
of the extnc^diium,' liiii& of the Sfltrit, 
utd exAmiDed.' &c.. ^nd edition, 1834, 
Bvo. 3. 'A Hrivf Hi^lory of ChurcJt K^xv*, 
peovixia tlw JiNbilily of n Fuiftfa to ttuMn to 
m K (.omnum-Ltw Likbiliiv,' &c.. 2nd ed>- 
iKin. iaS8, 8vo. 4. 'TIi« 'DUiiie Kttle <^ 
Fmih «nd Prorti.-v.' 2 roV ltt43. evo,*iid 
sgvin revised and eal&rg«I in 3 vols. 1$S3, 
Svoi. Ttii*> IB an ' rin*niu<in of (^iUin^dcU)'* 
doctrine that ibe Kihle alone is the reUgioa 
of prot«Mt>nt«.' BHpjxirlMd bjr a ■j-KtrnialJc cb4- 
lectioo of churrb niithoritiw, and i^ perhus 
moot leamt^d expucilion nf iliBlinctivflj 
igelicnl th«^Iogy. ft, 'Tnct Xf. Iiirton- 
It refuted ; or a Ruflj to a Woirv by the 
R4^r. V Onkelcy, i-nKtiilcd "The cubi^ of 
Timet XC. hi»ty'ricaUve«ajniiwd."'lS45.8To, 
3na edition. I8IM. 6. 'Tb« lloclrint^ of the 
of Kngland aa to the e:flect« of Bap- 
m the riuw <if Infants. With an A^ 
:ix eoDtainin);^ the Bapcistnal Serricea 
if Luther and tbe Nuretnbrri; and ColaipM 
LitUfV'i'^' liiyj), 8vo; Aid ^ttwin, IHftO. 
7. * .\ Vindicaiion of tk« Donrine nf the 
Church nf Kngland "ii ihe VnliditT of tbe 
Ord^-t^ of tlw* Scotch and Fonei^ Non-Epi- 
■eoual (.'biticb«t*,' in three piituphl*'t9, icc~, 
18S^ 8to. JS, 'The \alim- of fliritV Vm- 
MDNtD ihcEuvharUt.urllif: Ih>r-iriu*?of the 
liettX FVeaKnce vindU-ale«l in opposition totbe 
Actitiuufl Real l*rM>pncv asfert^d l>y .Arch- 
deacon Ik*ui*on, Mr. < late Arehdeacon) WD- i 
berforte, and Dr. i^lreT.' £ toIs., IS&fl^ St& 
A tiapplrnii'nt to I hid apprar*d in 1K% ' 
a. 'FtUfllW Pir^phrt-y. A l*r.«f of ih^ 
Truth of Itevealed I£eU;rion. beiaa the War^ 
burtonian LeeturM for I )V»t-6,' iSlKI, 8to. 

pfen of tlio Timn. 1804. TUmrA, U Aaf. 
1M8; Uoardun. 19 Aug- 1M8 , ttbHamrf n- 

S'uttvd from CWical Juuraal. I %«3. 8** BrtL 
na Cm. and Cmdcfoida I>iT*ctor; tat hia 
woriu] o. a 

OOODEN, JAUES (1670-1790), jwuH. 
born in IVntughlhirr in IflTO, waa cdneaied ' 
is tbe cuUep at St. Oiwt, eoUnd the an- ' 
Titiate at \\ attm in IflW, and waa pn:A— d ' 
of iht four vowft -J Kt-b. 1700-7. For iereral , 
jeu* bt! laujibt pbtloeophy aaA 




I at Litae, and be filled the oiRee d rector of 

the eoQqf^ofSiOinw from I4 Hanh 1731- 

17l>-J till la Aiinl 17:iS, wbea be hecmne «- 

I penor of tbe doom of pmbation ■■ Gl 

! lie died ai Sc Omeron II <)ri. IT'-KlL 

Hi* vorfa ant: 1, ' AnalhwnaU. 
HnBunimo WaUi« Prinapi Jaoobt ncia 
filio racens -atto hok, ofart i B t ad i ' 
Prinriniia pede* fit^atm ■■ 
renees,^ St. Omt, ld68y 4to (f 
QoodwiaadG.KUlkk). 3. 'Tr 
^MW et iphgriea.cg» wlwtii __ 
PnUeaatif.' LUgt, 17M. l2mo. 

roli««r'B Jmmi &JWtwM, p. Itf; FWutTn 
M W>im ;^eley^a Biau i fc.tfi.JT; HtBkektfM 
BibLdM EotfHM de laCteMBiade Jtna,' 
IMS. L Z3«.} T. C. 

OOOBEir, PETER i J. iaOt),iM I 

MliMf peohabiy a aon of Pidtr OoodM 
Xew Hall. Peodietaa^ ^at M^etel 
educai<d ia th« EmM Cnflif at 
■ad after beiair wdamed ptiMt vM ae 
to Eorinj BfOB the mmntm, ia ei_,„, 
with Edward Barlow, aim Booth [9. r^ 
Ue vvaaia fiac ta ban beea ehafUa la r' ~ 
MkUUiena at Leafhtea HaU. I 
Aboai 1680he maond 10 Alddifle HalL thai 
•eat of the eeew daafhtcts of Koben DaltaayJ 
eB^ la thia laawwoa tJoodcn 'fcep« a aortJ 
of tmitmj or litlle KtaiaaiT fijr adiuatinf'i 
of raath, who ware aftarwanb «Bl to popaJb I 
coUopa ahnad la be tiwaed u prwala,' 
After the ■niMJm of Jaaw* IT, be waa ap- 
poialed '*-|^»i- to the Ihikc ef Herwich'a 
r up —it, MM danag thai raga he had fre- 
qiMw* oaatetvacea with Htilhai^bet, W ilUaai ^ 
ClafM[e.v.Lud other learned diriaaaaf 
LhefAaRhofEMrlaad. • No Baa,'aan Uodd^ 
* waa hatter qoaluM to eom dr with npala* , 
tioa ia a j ira aial wafa wa tai. ' ae 'h* waaJ 
Batacally bold aad latnpid, had a ttnoff ' 
Toicv, a ready attcfaaoe, aad MMfally laaaa | 
choice of wmA tofan m atar&i Um awdh*] 
WAqlaylMdafwMK.' TW rardotioa afi 
108B ob^ad hia to racita to hie old afacHhr, 
at AhldiA nan. wfcm he diad oa 38 0««,| 
]OB«L 

Heiriliiliiil: 1. ^Tha CoatmvMrfal Lm- 
ten aa Am Ofaad Co alww era y , e one w a Jag 
thefWileBdt J taaporal aathfiniy f^f t Jw Piyaa 
over tke whole •anh : am! the tree Hof* 
r - i g aty of fcir . /wa rMMetlff* 1 

kiagtoaatb^i . iiahOaatlwe —, 

theoneaftheClMKhaf Hmflani, 9m4 tlim 
others theC:hMeh«nt0Mv'9Bd cHH Iff7l, 

8vo. Thw waaaipiaat TVoMe 1^ 

waa TJear of Piaa na. l.^iMCaatMfe. I 
till hi* death in I'W. S. 'TV Hwm '^ Dm 
Cwoftfiaw bad b*lw««n two iKttttM of llui 
Clumh «f RoglMd aad iwaUthotia J^' 




Goodenough 



12J 



Goodenough 



0«Dll<fi««*n. At the rtnjiiMl ami for tliAMtii^ 
fnct'ion fif l.hiv* PenoiiA of Quality, Au(^. 6, 
H171,' London, 16S7,4lo, An earlier oditiun 
WS8 piiMii'ltcil, tjnf loco [I<t84], Jto. 

IJiK cnnrereiif'- with sStilliiirtli^t g^^^ n^e 
to the [iiiblicaliua of 8i>Terur coDtTov»raiftl 
pain{ili1olJt, ami ' Th« Summ of u Conforontw 
ON I'V'b. -I, HW6, botwwn Ilr. I'lagelt and 
father f Jooden, nbout Tlie pi>int of Tranftib- 
ttnniioliuii,' wiw |>ublis1iL-u in KSfiW-HO hy 
WiUisiu Wukt^, U.l>., afLt-rwurdH arc hbi alio p 
of Uaolfrbury. It ih n^tinnlMl iii 'Strvt-n- 
l««n88rnii>nK,',t;i'. by \\'il]ittm I'LaBett, 1).D., 
Scd edit,, London, liiHl', Hvn, thI. i. 

[GillowV BiM. iH«.; [)o(lJ> iJhwreh riint. 
ii. Ml ; Pataziiio Not«-tKmk (Junnor; 1683), 
ii. 9 ; OaUiolic Mag. ri 106.] T. a 

QOODEKOCaH, EPMUNlJ (1785- 
lftW>),ili:nn'if Wfllji,r<nitigiwt iiOn<if Sumuel 
(iootlenou^h [q. v.], Innliop of Carlislti.bj- bis 
wil'c, ['itiEah(>th,<*ldi'st dBii)clitt>r»r nr,Jnm«n 
Ford.pliy.sirifin(!Xtmir<liiian- tolfuiMtnChaj- 
loltXiWJulx.iniHt Kiiliiit;,Midaie*ex, all It April 
17H<V At au earlyugv he wasMmt to Wtidt" 
minoti^r School, wbere in 17^7, whtjn only 
twelve yean old, he yroM tWhid into collajre. 
Ill IBOl ho obtAincd his olocUon to ChnM 
Churtb, Oxfitrd, wh«?r« bi? l<»ok honours in 
Eiwli-r term 1^)4, and ^ilualed R.A. 1S05, 
M.A. IH07, B.D, IHiy, und D.1). 1820. Hav- 
ing takftn orders, (lood>-noiL)<lt >H>canir< Tutor 
and censor uf CtiriHt t.*hurch, and in 1810 was 
nppoin[«dcitratf>of Co vrlt-y. Oxford. In 1411 
b(t W&8 cliudi-u by iho iiniviTMly ii^ one of the 
matbematJcal examiuur», and in IHIH hlled 
iHe office of proctor. In Michaclmu>> tpnn 
1817 bowiu a[ip<>iutvd M-k-ct [)rL-ucli«r to tbi> 
iinivcr*ily, 'iiid in the fotli)«iii(( vt^arwas in- 
Btitm«d vicar of Warkworth, Son hiunber- 
land. In IN1!4 (ii)iid<>nuii)fli wa>> )i|i]K>itit(-d 
boul-maAtar of We8tminf<t«?r Schuol and umb- 
almotwr to llie kiuR. in succwaiou to Dr. 
Page, On 23 June lw2l Jio wa^ inadt* n prtv 
bendary of Vork, on 2'2 April l>ii6 a piv- 
bendarv of C^rlinlc, and on ] June 1^27 a 
preboBunry of Wi-itintni^tvr. In lf*2fS ho n,*- 
IJred from the he«id-iuni>ten>hip,and was suc- 
reeded hy Dr. ^\'ilIiamM>n. Towurda tbound 
of n<H>di>ni)iiK^hV niln the iiumlH!n> of thv 
whool fltf-adily dfclined. 1 >ti <( Sept. IHAI He 
wajt nominate)] dt-an of Wclb. iu thu pUc« 
of tJie Hon. Ili-nry Uydi-r, lii<ih(>|> of Llchtiiild, 
who Biircwdnd tot roodenoiigh'.t Htal) ni Wa^t- 
minBttr, < iood«naii);h wm pralociitor of the 
lower house off onvocationforftflhoniimo. H<* 
died audd^nly al Wtills, irhilf> walking in the 
fields ncAr his boiL^-.on 2 May l^tt'i, sffi'd M), 
•ud waabiirivd iu thv Lady Chapel of WflU 
Oathedral, wbera there is a braM !<• bi^ me- 
mory. Reinarriod,oiiSl May 18i}1,Fnuicw, 



dau^terof Samuel Pepys CoclcBnatlaf We 
bourne House, Paddington, by whom bo f 
Janv* Urshaui Uwklvuoujth ^<j. v.J uu) ni 
other childrifO. His widow, dyin^ orcboI«M ' 
at Malaga ou o Au^. l9&5, was buriud tht-rv. 
A [H>rlrKil of ( londi^nmigb bangs in the dan- 
inff-ntom of thtt head-master of WeeUainwer 
School. tioocUnoii^bwasao cxmllrnt ■rlio 
lDr,iLncl a manol'muchpin^ralcultun. Hi> 
wttM elected on the council of (he Iloyal 'S^ 
cit'tv in 182^. lie publi>«lif-d th'- thro« f(d- 
Lowing «(.TmoDs: 1. 'A^rmoii [ou 1 Cor, 
xiv. 3aj preacliwl at . . . Lambeth [Ii Nov.! 
1620], at the Con»ucnktioD of . . . W . Car«yJ 
. . . lliKho]! uf Kxrter,' iiondoo, 18^1, 4M, 
2. 'A Sermon [on Deut, xxxlit. 9] pmaebL-d 
. . . [13 Mav 1S%] at tbtt FVntival of lh| 
Sons of the 'CWrp-, tU-, London, I8.')tl, 41a, 
8. ' A i^nuon [on Luke xii. 47 and part of 48]] 
iirMich«d in thv> AhlM-y(.'hun-h, Italh[^ Jaa;f 
1632] at the AnniTeraary Meuiin); of tt 
Bath Oiocemn Association of lhi>8ociety 
the I^opagntion of the Uoitpel,'' J£e., London, ' 
1832, bvo. 

rAliuiiiiiWMtn)Oa.(IB.'>-i!). [<p 3S. 376-B. I«7| 
tdi^; Na-huls'a Liu llluatr. (1831), ri. 2M 
Annual Raster (l^A), npp. to ehron, p. 97} 
OeaL Nag. (1»21). «>l. xci. pu i. p 482. (IS- 
uvw par. xxr. inl-1, (I85A) xli*. 334 ; Somm 
Conoty Hornld, lOan'l 17 M»yl8l4: L« MrvV 
Katii (18.^4}, i. 155. iii. iii. '.£63. S68. d03 
Ch<?ijWTa Wuavmioatur Al.l.cjr Ka|tt«tfn (1876). 
|). iii ; Catalogue ot Oxford Omdnatw (1861), 
\ip. iM. TJ3 . Honour* ItrgiKtrr of tbft Van. 
uf Oit-mi (iUSS). pp. '2&. 132. 183, ISS-9; ttnt. 
Mu*. Cat.] <i. F. R. B. 

OOODENOUOH, JAMK8 GKAJlAil 

ll$^)-1^7&), eomiiiodorv, eon of Kdmund 
(ioiMli-nnii);;h [^ij. v.], (Wn of WrlU, and 
CT^ndi<on of ^lanlucl (loodenou^h [q. r.^ 
bi«hop of Carlisle, wac bom on .'J Dee. IHJ ' 
nt Sloke Hill, near (Uiildfnrtl, .Sum-r. T 
close couneclion of his godfather. Sir Jamo 
(inihaiu, with the adniimliy had fixed hi 
profi'jtition from the bfiriiiniu^, and aft 
tbree years at school at Westminster, hif e 
tered the navy in Mav 1t>44 on Ixurd tL-, 
{^tllinprood, uoiuuuiiided b) (.^aptaiii Hobert 
^mart, and earr>'ing the flag of Itear -admiral 
Sir Ofurffe Fmnn" Swynnmr [q. v.] u« com- 
mander-in-chief in the Pnrific, On the Col- 
lin^Dod's jiayin^ ofl*. in the summer of l6iS, 
OmdeDoufjIi wiu> np]«iintt>«l t<i the Cyclop* on 
thn cOi.91 of A fricji, from which, towards tbe 
end of ii^M, he was permitted to return 
home in order to pons his rxnminatioD and 
coinpele for the lieut«uant's commisaaoa io a 
special oour^o at the collcf^ at PaitMnouth. 
Ihl" couuiD'Vtou he obtuint-^I in July 1^1. 
and In Srpti?aib«T wa* ap|)oinled to theOen- 
taur, carrying R(>Ar-adn)iral HendetBon's flag 





GcM3denough 



123 



Goodcnough 



I 



OB tb« eut coast of South Amcricft. Oo 
the omr pnwpvct of wkt with Kussiii thu 
CWataur wm rNalled to EiiglHnd in IVlimBry 
16&4,utd Goodeiiotigli, iiRet ■ tew montlui in 
tfaeCWlcutta fi^ardskip Bt Pljmuutfa, nat b|)- 
pninli^l U> ihf KoyaJ WilliHni, wlitoli took n 
btidy <if dftcso hundn-d Fn^iicb iv>ldi<;ra up 
thi* Hkltic for th'> »i>H^- nf Boiniinuind.nna 
mSter the reduction of ihc fortn-As rfttiimed 
to Kngluid with twolvv hundred UoHian 
oriMDeis. Aftor b ft-w w>-cl» on bnud the 
Excellent, G(x>denough whf> next nppoiiited 

ravry \'w»U-nn»t. nf th<.' 11iiiititiK»,in wtitch 
ftervod thnui^h ibo ItaliJc coiupoieu of 
1B5&, utd wu prMcnt at itie bombBrdcoeot 
of Smhom on 20 Aug. Utiring th« mu-It 
part of 1856 he (Timiui»nd<^l lUtt (insluiwli 

Knboiat.onp of the flnlilln ntvi«wed mt Spir- 
kd on 23 April, luid on 4 Auk- nas a|>- 
pointrd tint liKulriiajil nf thr I^li-tgli, n 
oO-gun frigste, commtssioimd for the broad 
peniuinl of ('uminodore the Hon. llvnry 
Kepp**!, BA fiocond in mnimand on the Cliinfl 
itBlion. After an oxtmordinarilT rapid pR»- 
«u(p. na I') March 1W>7 tho Rnftign, wnen 
within B hundred luilM of Hongkong, struck 
cmBrock till thrnunknotvii, store in horhow*, 
and wu run Mliorv noar Mumo m lliu only 
ohanoe of saving Iwr. Th« neu and umst of 
the etores were got safelj' ashon, but. tJie 
ship, nulcuig gramtnlly in ibeMid mud, was 
Irxit. Th« Hftlflijrb'--' crew wn* ln-pi toet-llior 
fcT aomc months, diuin;; n'hich tune <)ood- 
enough commAndi-<l the hirt-d Steamer Ilonp;- 
kong, and in her took part in The nngnge- 
BMOt in Faichan Or«ek on I June. He was 
afterwards appointed to tho CAleiilta, the 
a^jehip of -Sir Si iiluii-l Seymour ( IKli- I8J#7) 
[a. s.l, and comniandid bur field-pieces at 
th<5 cu'i'l iin* of Cnol<>n oa 3EU6 Vix. 1857. 
I1owH» ininx-dtat^-lval^nrardspmniated to 
b^ rommander of ika CUrutIa, in which oi- 
pacity be look part in ibc cniilur" (if ibo 
Tako forta on 2II May 185(4. The Cakutta , 
was paid off hi Flymouth early in August 
1R50, and ft f(<w w^yks IftliT, on llif nt'Wi* of 
Sir Jaoii.f' H"pe'a [q. v.], bloody repulse from ! 
thaTakurorta,<.}o(>9vnoti);hwaBa^inaeniour ' 
loChina in i;ommund oftlu) Kuiiard «Iuop. In ! 
h«r h- took part in i Ik.- second cajtture of the 
Tilm fijsis in Junv l&OO, nnd in tbr foUc'Sving 
operations in ibv IVibo, bis i^hip K-inp k<.'|>t 
■I TiaiMain till Novembtr. He wn» «fttr- 
wnnla at-nior officer at Shanghai and in iht- , 
Yani;-t*t.-kiaD|f, till, in Novt-mliiT 18(11, Iuh ^ 
h««lTh liATing tnifi(>Ted from hi!^ long .ter^ice ^ 
in Oiina, be obtained leaw to nrtum to i 
Kngland. 

In J ulr I B6:j, at t be lequeift of Rear-admiral 
Bnart, tkeD in conunand of tiM- Clinnu-1 
Saet, Goodantnigb wu appointed commaoder 



of bis llagHhip, Ihe |{i-»cn({i', in which in the 
following spring Smart wvnt out to aKfume 
conimanu uf tht M>-dtierram>«n station. On 
I U May < (oodennugh was promoted to the mnk 
. of captain, and rel umisg to England wa» 
within n fi*w nionlhs M-iit out to North 
Anierirji on a anecial mission, ' tu obtain 
what infonnationhe could with regard to thtt 
Mii|i« and pniB thttre in u«e.' It was known 
that the civil war waa causing a niarl<«-d di— 
< vflopmcnc of na%'al armammla, and I'iood- 
enough's r«puitition a-t a scientific gunnery 
othcer stood high. He r«tum(<d to F^iDglaiid 
I in .May 1804, and was chortly ofttTwardii bi>- 
poiiited to the Victoria, tittinc for the flag of 
.\dmiral Smart in ihf Medittirraucan. In 
May ISOfi ,Soinrt, and with him his Hag-fai)- 
tain, were rplierecl, hut shorllv aftcrwHrd» 
GuodL-nuugh was iuvilvd by Kvar-uduiiml 
Wardrn logo aw bis Ung-canlain in the -Mino- 
taur in the Channel squadrMn. From l!^7 
to 1870, first with Wnnh-n and thru with 
^ir Tliomaa SjTaoDdA, Gondeaou^h ttontinui'd 
in the Minotaur, and on his being reliesiid 
fWim thi> commnn d in Octohrr 1 670, he oftored 
his aerricw ou the French I'easJBnt Belief 
Fund, which had been started by the * Daily 
Newft.' Aft4-r working for a oiunth in the 
neigblmurhiiod <if S-diui, h« was aflerwanU, 
in February 1^1, utiit to Dieppe to stiperin- 
lend ihc lniusoit»i>i':iu to i*aris of « quantity 
of relief strtrfs. He was at thia time also 
appointed a mE'inber of the admiralty com- 
tuittci- on dr-iiigTi* for ships of wnr, on which 
be s«rvi>d till July, and in Augii-M be waa 
appoiot«d naral attache to the several em- 
hassias in Europc.on which duly he continued 
foralweKeuKiinh, bill brother, t'olnnelttood- 
cnniigh of the Royal Artillcri,', being at the 
sainv timo military ullacb6 bI- ViiMina. In 
May 1873 he was an]>oinied commodore of 
the Aiu-tnilian sliiliuu and cuutain uf the 
Fear], which sailt^I fnmt Spithead in the 
following month. After a busy Iwu rvars. 
rieitiiLg many of the islando on hi* wide ex- 
tended titntinn. he wfk* on 12 Aug. IB'n at 
Santa Cruz, where, going on shore with k 
few men, and engaged in what si-emed friendly 
intercourse with the natives, he waa trea- 
rl - II ■ I-, shot in the side by an amiw, A 
J n ows followed : six men in all were 

■a .,;,!, .1, They bast ik got into the boats 
and pulled off to the a^ip, and undtft'tand-' 
iug Ihut, with the |Hissibilily of llie arrows 
having Ufii iioiMined, il was advisable to gM 
into a cooler cliniute, Ooudeuoughgave orden> 
to ("liaiir a eoiirsf ftir Kvdnfy- Tlie wounds 
in themselves were sliirht, bui Jn a few days 
f ioodenough and two nfihe other men ahowad 
f>ymptom.'iofti''tA»iiA, which in all three oaafls 
proved fiitnL Oogdenough died on the avea- 




Goodcnough 



124 



Goodenough 



■ag of SO Aug., nbout five hutuired mtlea 
tmm Sydney, whuro he wb« buiied on lliv 
:i4tli. Ho \vH a widow and two suni^. uiio of 
wliuiu Ik iiuw » Ik'iilfiMitit in the iiavy. A 
Bubscriutiuu bust, an exce1l>°nl Ukeouee, by 
IMncj.- Violorof lliihr-nlobc, hiniiu-lf tt fonni*r 
tDesetinfll^ of (inodennii^b in llu' Kiileigh, 
bas bievii phiced in tht* I'aiiited Hall iit 
Otivaw'seh. 

tioodeii'-iU)|[Ii,in bifl rare monieataof leiwire, 
ncuiiirctd vnried aoc^DinplisliiaL-iite. lie w&« a 
flkilful and clf^Kaiit KWunUiimii : b<:t could read 
and^njoy the< Latin pottx; and hia kiinwli>dj{L' 
of nKKlera liLnguap>ri wsh rt-niurliabUt. Hu ift 
Miid tu hnvtt bt-eti «ljl« to cimv»r*<* flucnl Iv in 
sewn. All tht- thear«>tical parts of hie pro- 
(m«OD wi-n* fiimiliiLr tu liim. Hi^Trrd and 
grave in manne r. pvem a» n young man, \\e 
m^ired all with wbom be serrt^d witli con- 
fid toico and CMttiiKvm. 

[Journal (187^-5). oilitod, with n mi^moir. tiv 
hix willow ■ In Mcmoriiim .InniMi (tr^lmm Oand- 
Htongtj, by til? Hon. aad Rcr. Algoruou ^uiilwy ; 
penmrikl lcno«)«dgo.l J. K. L. 

QOODENOUOU. ItH'liAUli (/. lOWi), 
confipiratnr, was an uttompy of bad repute, 
who conlrlvfd nt-vurtbrli-ss lo obtain tbe 
uiidi'tvdii-riirduiti orLomlon, wliicb he Iwld 
in titni with his brother l-ViinciB for aame 
yuan). Tlie wlii^r party loiiif TLdiml upon 
him for qiieMionnl)L- .■«>rVK''*A, f8pr-rinlly in 
the selection uf juryuieii. In July UiH2 tb« 

t'uAticcs of the wiicv liai'd him HJO/. hocuuM 
Hi irfuwtd ti> alUT tin- piiiiel nn i U>-y plenfifld 
at ibe »>;'M>iioii» at Ilickn'ti Hall (Li<ttkk[,i^ 
Jlistoricai Uebftitm, i. aOo). In 1 ha foUowinf; 
Soptuiubur,'iipi>ii(.-oiiiplaintn^ia'<> .Mr.(!ood- 
enouf(b, the uuder-sli»^rin", for not provideing 
a dinnt?r for tbcir wontbipe, tbu jii«livr8 
cuminitt'"l liiiii In priniin, di.'nyi'iii^ bail' {Hi. 
i.2lti). Alon(f with Alderman HenryCHniitli 
fq, v.} "nd (tnvi^nil ollitTf. bfWH« 1 ri>?d, I (tFt-b. 
11)8^, for a pr^t4'nd»<l riot and n^uinll on tbe 
bn^ iDavor,3ir.lohn Mooro.at tbttelocli'm of 
aheridisturthccitT of lA»ndonal t1ii?<>uildhtill 
ou midMunmer day 108:^. Allbou^h it was 
ahowii that ho waa uol at the tiuiklhull until 
Bome ibrou bour«aAcr ibiT fnuppuicdilisiurb- 
anci-.Wiiff-jiiiitii-"- Sxiindeptiu bin tmnmiiig- 
Bp singled (lira nut, in company with Fonle, 
lord Oruvof WcrLe [q.v. ':. fur uspfi-iat ciif>t ijta- 
tion, inoinnntiii^tlial t!ifv wi'retbf pi«m(Jt«K 
of tbt! tic^titiuiis riot, ite was found ifuiity 
aadfinf>df)vr>liii)idrt-dn]nrli«(iii l-^.ltinti.wlirn 
l)i> fftilwl to aiii)t-ar (roiiittrrr, Stat^ Triah, 
be. Iy7-*"'.'J>. ltebadbi;<en rli-epU iniplirnl"d 
ia the Kyr IIoii«>- plot (1(^8^), ami had fought 
an asylum in tbe Lovrl'ouulrios. Un lf;i J une 
a reward of JOO/.WMofl'ered for hiicapMinr; 
on 12 JtJy Ibe grand jury found a tru« Ull 




I 



agatnat kim and liia brotht-r l-'Wnvia furliigli 
truuM>n.and botli wen.- outlawed (LtmKBU, 
I. -im, 2<J:t. 2LI7. ITS). Ut- nnuuned abrmd 
until .Moninoulb'it rebellion. Monmouth »• 
puiotod bimhis 'serrvtary of state' I'l^.i. AWL 
MXn thv baltlt^of J?Piii?Bnioor(fiJuly l«») 
be fled with Nathaniel Waile and Rob«n Fer- 
gUMin and nwdied tbe cuaat in aafetv, only to 
liiidnfri^r<^crui»ingn«iarrlie«potw^iVcU)eT 
bad hoped to embark. They ihvnM)panU4M.. 
Goodenougfaand Wndu wrrt- noon diaoorered i 
and brou^t up to I^ondoo, 20 July 1686 
(ib. i. '•ia^y lie waaauflTered to live bHcauM 
hu boil it in hU power lo give useful n- 
iiirmnliun to the »\ag. He had a private 
grudge agwinst Honrv Cornish \f\. r.j, who 
when HbcritViii Kl)7<0 liad doclinad toenaplay 
him. Iloodenoiigh now coneented to mrear 
wtib Colonel John Ramsey, a fellow-ooa- 
njirntor, that (Jomiali waa concernwl with 
tnem in the Rye Hooseplot. Tn qualify bin 
for Ibif taak apatentwms pawed for his pardoa 
{it>. i. 360. -m). OnS Deche helped tonraar 
away (he life of CUiarlesBateuan the Ruraeon, 
who waa trifvd for high trcoaon in coiupiriiig 
lb«d«uibofClifirlf»U(UowBU.,«torr7"rMjir, 
XI. ■I7'J),- and on 14 Jan. ISHtf waa produced 
with Kirvy and Wadfi at tbo trial of ITcnry 
liouth, lord Oidainerc \i\. v.], but cuiild only ^_ 
repeal what hfi bad beard Eaid by Xonmoutn-^^ 
and by Wildman'« euiisMirie» {ib. xi. Ttl^i.^B 
lliMviia to have apjHwrt^d along with tir>-y on 
7 May U^tiatt a witness against JohnCbarl' 
liin, also chargvd with hif^ti treaaoQ against 
Churleh II, but both had thu good seose to 
k&epanay (LrTTXtat^i. '>3I), According 1o 
Swift (note in BrBHET, Oir» nwu*. Oxnud 
edit. iii. 61), Ctfiodetiou^ti WL'ni to Ireland, 
practjnetl bia jtrofefision. and died tJiot. 

piacaulays Hist, of Kn^and, ch. T, ri.; 
(Tliomiui rip'mt'a) A True Account . . . Vt Un 
hnrrid t'<>ii*pinu-y ng?iin«t th* lHti> King (Onpia 
of ibe IcirnrroaiiunFi. &«.), 2ad odJl. fcil. 16M.1 

O.O. 

GOODENOUGH. SAMUEL (1743- 

IW?), biiibon of Carliide, bum al KiRipton, 
n*ar Wpyhili, Ilotniishire. on :29 .\pril 174.'t 
(O.S.),WB6tbv ihiixlMmof ibo Uev. William 
Goodenough, rofllor of llrought/in Poggi»,Ox- 
fordnbire. In I'-V) ibe family relurnfKl to 
Uroiigbton, and iiNiniuel uos s^nt lo school 
at Witney, nnd(» iho Rev, R. Outtcridge; 
live ywirs later he was aent lo Went minster 
School, wberfi Dr. Mai'kbam.nftfTwardfl arch- 
bishop of York, was hcad-inii*i'.'r. He bovanie 
kingV ftdiolnr, and in 1700 was fU-ded to a 
atutlent^hipal Christ Church, Oxford, took hia 
n.A. dr-jTrpr-n May I7(U,and |in>c<i>di'J 3J.A. H 
aftJun- 1767 and D.C.L. II JuJy 1772. Infl 
I7660ood«nough relumed toWwtainsleraa 



A 



Goodcnough 



1^5 



Good ere 



I 



I 



iuidef^iria«lerforfeiLry««rs,wh«n he* quilted 
that poM fur Lh« chiirch. baring Uitierited 
from ou fiitlier Ihe advow«on of ]tr'>iighlon 
Poggs, tnd mxire^ from hir coll*^^ th« 
riourag* of Brixc-Nortoii. Oxfvrdtliii\'. lie 
marriwi on 17 April 1770 KliE&htrtU, eld^t 
daoflhtL'rof Dr. Jam'.>i> iMird, furuiorly pliyi^i- 
CiMi tu tliir Mid(lli;»'X H(M|ii(n). Two years 
sulwequeDll^heeetabliihtvl bM-bifi) ut Euliii);, 
andcnrmd it on forlnrenty-nix yi-Hrx, during 
which rinH" lie hftd tlu* chnrge tif tlir- .vins of 
many iioblemoii aiiO Kt?DtU-uicn of (MiKilion. 
flotxIrnnii^ItV ri-piiUtion ii.« « rlftMiofil tutor 
ranlu?d bif;b. Kut bU strongest bent ww 
lownnla botaiir, and wbcru tlie LiDiuan So- 
ciety v/Wf putnClifibfd in I'c*? he wa» one of 
tlti> frBRu-n of it* ooMslilutiriu and tnwsurvr 
durint* its HrH year. Ho conlribulod ai:la»- 
eicaltnriuoiron tbvgi;aujt Car^.rto IhoMMoad 
aud Itiinl volumes nf the 'TnuiMCtioiu' of 
thai I>odr. In addition to Lciiij^ onv of tht< 
vic^^n-^idf-nljiof tbH|jiriiuiiii,SirJ.K.Slnitli 
beinc pn^idenl, hf> was for Mime time a noiv 
prmid«nt of th« Itoyal Society (of which bu 
tieciini6 n Mlnw in 17i*9) while 3ir Jiwi>h 
Itankfi was tbc j>re«idins ofHcer, and bx also 
shared in the conduct of the Soci<;ty of Anti- 
quarifi*. la 1797 he wii* iirv*eiiied to the 
%-icarafCe of Croprvdy by the liifchop ofOxford, 
in thr following year be was iidrRU<H-d lo tbo 
cawinry of Windsor, and in IHi'J firoiuot«^d 
to thrt dftansrr of Rnchpst*"?. In this pro- 
rennftit he wim aid(?H hy the warm frien<]»hip 
of thf third Diiki* of Pnitlnnd, all of whofv 
mns bad been hia pupils. An a finnl pronf 
of thfddWa favour Goodenuu)(h in]808wn« 
elevntisl ro ih^ ffpiacopal bench u bishop of 
Carliile. II** diMl at Worlbint; on 12 Aug. 
)W7, «u rvi\HngtV-loM of hiawifoonly eleven 
wivfei, and was buriml vu ihi- 18lb of that 
tnontb in iho north cloitter of WeaMoinster 
Abltey. ill- \vtl ihrvv euus, all cIiTgymvu 
(Samuel Jnnieei, K^>lHTt I'hilip, and l<>lamnd, 
afterwardE dean of Wells [q. ▼.]►, and fniir 
danchl'T". 

Th>' bi<iKopwasa sound and olegrantM-boUr. 
Sir J. E. Smith ronsidtcd him on puiuts of 
latiniiy wh<*n <'-n^n|;^l on the .'•pb-ndid * Mora 
Hneoa,' ihe 'flora Dritannica,' and ie»aer 
IfOlVn. ncaid"^ Ihi- Ctrci paper, and annthcr 
^~ firitii^h /Wi', and two oiiien on tialuml 
T. "I** ill the Linnmn Society's ' TraiiB- 
MCioii8,'Qood4-noMfi;hpubli>ihedthny<Bormon8 
lUidbcirana'Bolanica MfCricu,' which sliouhl 
have inf Inded all botanical naniex, with their 
derivatioRt^ but ibc wi»rk wai> nvv^r fiutt-bed. 
The Mnus (Soodmia was <I*-di«it«l to him by 
his friend Sir .f. K. Smith. It was • Benoon 
pnachad by ( ttuxh-nnitith U'forf- thf Houm' 
of Lords in iHOft time gawn birth to thf- well- 
known epigram : — 




T K wtU aaoogh ihat Gaodavoach 
Before the Lonln Khould proocn ; 

But. «tir»«ioiigh. full Itcvl oQough 
Are tbo*e ha liiu tA tanch. 

He in Qulogiwd in HaihiosV 'Pursuits of 
Literature.' His p«H-tfB.it in in tb« hall at 
CLri.it Citurch. 

[NiclivU't Lit. Uluslr. vi. S^a-AS; Welch's 
Alumni Wr^tmonadt, pp. 374-3.[ B. D. J, 

OOODERE,SAMI'l-:i.|]iW7-1741).c«p- 
liiin ill ihe navy, was third and yoiuuree>t son 
of Sir I-^dwaril Ooodrpc. ban., of Anrhope 
in Uetufordahire, bv bis wife. daii^Li«r and 
b«ircMofSirEdwnrtlDiiielay,bart.,ofL'bHr1if 
ton in Worce8t«r«hire, and on tbo mother's 
sidtf granddaugbl^r of l^wix WulHm, Brut 
luftl Ruckin^ham. Tim fildivt son having 
b«*i-n killvd in a diiul, ihv K-cund &i>n, John 
IHnatey, wbi> bad be«ii broii^ht up n1 9>e«. in 
ihe miirchnul ktvict. and lutd s<*rved as a 
vohinti-vr on tyutrrl lliii Dianioiid in l7Wf 
miiH(^dbi*iirofessi()nhydiij"ir>>of SirKdward 
fHn«lev', who iickiii>w!»'<lg"?d him tu> bis heir. 
Samin-1 t-nUT«>d tin- luivy in 170r> as nvoliui- 
te«r on board the Ip^wichi with Captain 
Kirktowni!'; *.Tvi'(i in n subordinate rank and 
aflvrwBTilK Ufi n iii-ult'unnl through tho war 
of the Spanish siicresjiioD, and on 12 Jan. 
1718-10 wfi.i uppdintt.'d tlri^t lieutenant of 
tlif iV^Kton with ('niitaiii Kobtft Johnson, 
whom, on 2S Feb., he nr^companicil lo lh« 
Wtjynioiitb, in wtilch he served durinjf the 
MimmfT, in the opcratinnA nn the north coast 
nf Spain; and on H Nov, 171H wbj*, with 
Jobntton and Ibi* gn-nter nart of the officefi, 
T'limitd over to the Dr-ptfiml. A few weeks 
lat#r, however, Johnson preferred ntfainst 
him a ehari^ of misconduct nt St. Sebastian'a 
on 'J3 Junti.lhf attack having, it wa« Mliugvd, 
failed in eon sequence. Onthiarhargefiooder^ 
waa triinl by coitrl-uiurtial uii ^ Uoc. 1719, 
wa,H found (tuifty of ' hft?ing lieea very much 
wanting in ihv perfonnanconf his duly,' and 
wandismimrMl hm uliip i Minutmnfike Covrt- 
jl/flr?!-?/), which, in the r«ign of cotnpanitive 
pi?«c« then bi-|iiniiing, was almost equivalent 
to being disnii.'i^cd the service. Tt is very 
doubtful whether he soned again at B«a till 
November 17.1H, when. coTww'qucnt apparently 
oti E^me electioneering job, be waa uomed to 
the Antelope of 60 gun*. It was, however, 
for rank only, and he vna 8upcr«'ded in a 
fortnight. S" far as conflicting accounts en- 
able us lo judge, he livod at this lime with 
his fdlhcr, now h very old man and at vari- 
ance with his elder son. the heir to tliw 
buroaeicy, who is spoken of as rough, un- 
ciiiith, Dud of no nluration. It would aeom 
that Samuel, taking the fulber's sido, was 
almdv on bad lertn» with bid hrolber: sod 



Goodcrc 



1x6 



Good ford 



llio*!^ bM>iunn worae when Jolin, tuving qlUl^- 
rclltKl with hin wiri.*, fmitii] tlixL ulia loo wu 
su)ipon«<i] (inikiniiT him hy Samuel. Sir Ed- 
word died nti JO March 1739, loavtng mum 
to vJAOiuel tbnn John (hi» KucoefMOr In the 
b&ronetcr) thouirlii wns a wecond son's ebatu, 
bill Iwffl tlmii Sninuel had (>xp«:t<><l. An hh^tt 
i|iiiuTel WHS the rt-^iilT. John, joining with 
bifl Bun who was of aa^. cut on tite iinUiil, 
und.oiihiBaon'Adt^atlishorllTiitWr.Biinniinr.t^l 
bifl intcniiiin of hiaving the iiropwrtv to one 
of (he r,on* of hia •itter Eleajiur, wilt- of Mr, 
Sitiniii^l FooteofTruniiuid inolhtT of Samuel 
FoolethfW>nK'ditiii [<|-v.j Gonderti'srajiewi* 
cxciiuivi', and for aome moDths tliu hruthvn! 
held no comniiinidUifHi. In Xcivmiiljur 1740 
Samuel wAii nppoiiitfld to the command of 
thflRohyttbenlyitiif in KingV Road, Ilmlnl, 
aud nhe'wB* <til) tliort^ on f>fUida_T, 1A .Tiui., 
when Samufil, hninir ou share, Juamtid Ihut 
liiv hrothvr. Sir Joliii, wkn dining with • 
Mr. Smith, an iiruminy of the cilY. On this 
Samurl wnt a nnte t*i .Srailh. mying Hint, 
luivin^ heard his bmtluT wiw ihi-w, he would 
be glad lo mcvl him if Smitl) would allow 
bitn to rnino in. Aocordini^lT in tbf uruninf; 
he went to Bmilk's Loueo, uiid the two 
brothon nmnlcnd and druak togrether, «nd to 
nil (ifiTw^aranw mado up their nuairol. Hut, 
OS Jobn wns wnllntiif townnLt Ida lodffinga, 
be wA* !M>iKed by Siimiifri- ordon. carriod 
down to ihe boat, taken on h<mnl Ihc Ruby, 
and ciiufined in « tpiirf cAhin, tht* captain 
telling iKl- men oii di«k noi to mind his vri^e, 
as be w»s out of Liii niiuiJ, and wmild hnve 
to Iw watched to prevent iii^ art.i^mjttirff hiia 
own life. Thrvc luwi were clioBen to attend 
tht' priwuKT, and thext thret; tR':a, after bi-iajif 
W'dl primed with brundy.aiid on tin* pn>iui«r.> 
of larjre n-wunU, wi'Ml into the rdbin early 
next, morning 1 19 Jan. 1741 1, put a ropv.- ruuud 
Six John's nm.-k, and vtrati^led hitti, l^ninel 
meanwhile standing sentry at thfl door with 
a dnvm eword to prflvynt. any inl^rft-nmce. 
He had i^pari>nl1y inliMidHl to put to oea nt 
oneu. bat Smith, hiLviug had inforntation th(> 
iireviotu iiij^ht (hot a ^ntVniAn riMi'mhlinf 
Ilia gue'dt liud b<-<^nt4ili<^iia jirisou'er ou Uoaru 
tlw Ituby, iippliwi to the mayor fnr uti in- 
T<»ligatian. Thu was made at ouch. Ooudi^rv 
»ndhievili'1'»dowifreajjpr«htMdt«lonacliarp'e 
of wilful imirdcr, were tried on 26 Mnrf'h, 
found (fuilty. and suntunwd to dwitlh. Thoy 
vn-JV all four han^iil on IS April 1711. 

(Soodere married H'ise Kli^abetli Watta of 
Monmoiithnlinv, and by hitr li-ft inxur thn-e 
daMghtcw and two sons. Of the dsu^htera 
two died oninHrriMl; th*- tJiin!, Antii-. mnr- 
ried John WillyamK, a rninmand(>r in the 
navy, atid waa the mother of the R«v. 
Ct>c^ WillyaniB [4. v.] Of tho two mat. 



twins, bora in 17^, the ^der, Edwaid 
ilinnlev, died a lunatic in 1761 ; the otlun^ 
John Din»lAy fsm> DlXELBT-QoODBltB, 8tll 
■TouxJ, died a poor Itnicfat of Windsor i 
ifOd. Samuel, on the death of hii broUii, 
John, should havo succeeded to the haro- 
netcy. lie appears, bowever, to bavp Immb 
indirltfd as Samuel Oood^re, eaq., and Kalnh 
Itigland, tu his miuiofCTipt colKvtions in t» 
Iloraldfi' ('ollt^ge (information -uppliis] by 
Mr. A. Ht'ott GhU r, York Herald), spiaku of 
his soiM l-ywani Dineley-GwKlere and Jolm 
I>ineley-Oo(KlQTe aa sueccaaivo haroneti. fol- 
luwinj^ th»ir mordaml uncle. But Jturkc 
thinks that thf baroncif v d^itN-ndcd in dti* 
cour»u to ^Samuel luid to lii-i aoiiii afler bin. 
Oiil I i ns r /^a ronrfoi^tf, 1 74 1 ) sptfaks of t Ite hatt)> 
netcyiisvjitiuct; soalsoditwa Woilon (J!n 
jt</tT3^.i'd.l"7n,speeifring'«ttaint«»d.' Nwh 
(Hiif. Iff Wort*-Jittrfhire, i. 2721 say* thw 
Sir Edward ])tntdt;y-Uoudttrc cucc*ed«d bis 
^nandfather, wliich is certainly wrwig, and 
wag iiuiicn'di'd by liid bralhvr. Sir John Dine- 
!ey-f)oodofe (so nl*) Oatl. Mag. IROO, pt, ii. 
p.* lO&l). It is probable that Collins and 
Wntton anri);!!!; thai I h« baTDoetcy becaaw 
extinct in 1741, on the aentraice of Sannd 
(lOtidore, tfaoueh the twins may bBV« twea 
allowstl the lill^t Iiy fotirtesy. 

[TtiA (ioniiino Mnmoin of Sir John Diaeji 
Ouodara, Bail. . . . toevtliBr iritli ifa« Lifa, Bi»> 
(ory. Trial , and last Dying Woplr of hi< RrertheF, 
Captain Samue) Goodef* . . . I>y S. I*.>i>tr. 17«I ; 
The OfTMiiino Trinlof S«mnflOoci(jBrp, Riq. . . . 
iiikuu in ^liorlhuid bv Order iiaJ Direcbun at 
S, I''uot. I711;(iaiit. Si.w-(IS25).»oI.«CT.iit. ii, 
)•■ 136; lpltwr»andotl)iirtLix'uiiierit« tu ibu Public 
R««ird Offlee. The memoir in rhamiwk'H Biop. 
Nuv, iv. 211, i* mceedtii|riy inaorunUo in tna 
details of Grrudere'* cariy iif« and acrTica.! 

J. K. L 

aoODFORD, CKAHLES OLD flSlS-j 

1884), pruviwt of Eton, soooad soa 01 Joluj 
(IcHKlfon) of Chilton-OiLiitrlo, Somtirwtvbire, 1 
who died in Ift.'iS, bv Charlntlc. foiirtli 
daughter of MontngiK? Cbolmeley of Gaston,] 
Linrnlnshirf, was bom at Cbillon*Cantelo I 
1'> July 181:!, and entered at Eton in 1BM,| 
He procei'idrd to King's Oollt-frc. Cttmbrici 
in 1830, whence he took hi» U.A. If 
M..\. 1K.W, and n.U. 1853. Qewasel 
ti fttllow of his {^allege, but did not long re«J 
tain liis fid!ow»hip, a* ou 3P March 11*44 Lo 
miirricd liatharine Lucia, third daughtirrof 
(.ivoTKf Law of LtncolnV Inn. While ttdl 
an undergraduate lie reluraed to Kl>m and 
bwamo Hn assistant-master in 193a. It was 
not lonKlji'forB In' Kiiccwdwlliin former tutor, 
Jolm Wilder, in charge of a large and im- 
portant schoolhnuse, in which a number of 
the n^tdenl bovs were ft'Om bis own and tlio 



4m 

rk«fl 
ItiaM 
in. H 






A 




Goodgroome 



127 



Goodinge 



kdJMoiit etHUUiM. A«KhnuMvttnitt<>r be w&s 

K ItbrnI tnd kind, but kiananAgaoiMit wunot 

H tijuiil 10 his good iDtunUoBS. In 18&3 ht 

^ Bijccaeded Kdwud Cnv(« Hkwlrwr. D.H^ aa 

lM)4-tDMtcrat Glon. Hi* rul^-on'tlie- wlio]» 

w^s bvncSctal to the ooUeee. Uu uirn-d at 

B vrtT roioplct*' rncoiMtnictinn of th* system 

of t«KcIiin(r: be made diMnpUae a tvalily. 

while hf nholuibed manT-TVX«timtii nil«K 

wbicb had luvdl/wulT iv<itriM<y] tib^rtT, and 

would hav«doti» more bur fnr iti^ v«tnr>r thi> 

• wnrasi. UI&Mh.-odilcd'P. Trwntii Afri 
ComcediK,' a work wtiid) h« printed chieflv 
topnaenl a» a Wi-iB^booklohisHXtb-fonn 
ban. Oa th« death of Dr. Hairtn-r, Lord 
lUnerahm, in iftrmraao" of tlii» ne«ds ofKtoa, 
and murb urain^t Goodfard'a own wishus 
appi)inr*<d kim |>mrruil of KIub, a poution 

■ whirh lie )u>1d fmm '27 Jan. l662to hindeath. 

B iriui*>rthpC>iiiibri<l|;« ITnimvitT oommiMon 
of lB60,aiid mnn>pArtirulflrlTand#rth<)mi,-iiI 
etuwiiiMinn of 18nr>, BTf-al phans«^ and tm- 
pfaiT«in«>t«w«n> tnnilp in th» ollci^e. Good- 
ford beU the null family lirine <^ Clulton* 
Cant^lo from 1S4K to lii^ doatti. He died 
at The lAtAtn. Kton. 9 May I884, and was 
buri«d in l)iu Hion cvioi'lory 11 May. 

|I,*1«V EU'o Coll«n. 1875. pp. 473-«. 517. 
SIB; Timra. 10 May I8SI. p. 7. 12 May p 9. 
Utd 15 May p. &; Andvmy, 17 Mny IfUU, pp. 
>lB-40: Gnpbie. 7 'use |M4. |<p. d4«, H9. 
T)tA purtRvit : ItltutniMt LondMi X«vi^ 17 May 
1SS4. pp. 46^. 47&. -wilb porlnit] O. C. B. 

OOODOROOME. JOIIX nfl30P-1704 ?). 
eotBpooer, liiiini-^r, .^intfir, and toaoh^r, wa.4 
Doecf • Canilyof musicians, bom at Wiadsor. 
uaA hrrd up a cbftri«t<T. Ho was pir-M-m at 

■ the <Mwwnnti«n^ of C1tarl(« 11, Jnm^ 11, and 
\^'Tlliam and Marr, as one of the f^nllemeu 
of titf Cbapcl Royal, In 1666 Ooodgroome < 
PucceedMl Notario and Hi*nry Purecll ibe ] 
old^r Afi musician in ordinarr for the lute | 
and vuic^ and lutv and rioll, at \hv fpu ofi 
ML, and 16/. 2*, *W. yearly^ for livery, wbilr 
faia port in tlio clia|w] choir was iroTtii from 
70t.fo7tit. .\iYvtrdin|f 1(1 Wood, Good^rooine 
wiwa ' rare aonjrPipr. and rauchtnomoiwraona 
U> *ang.' Four ain bv Ctoodirroome, WiUi basa 
for ihf^rbo luti*. or ha-v violl, w«i« pablubcd 
inJ.I'lnrfonrff'SeleciAirB.'andsubaequenOy 
iallM-'TTiMi^urv'nf March 1609, and llireeof 
th«»e, airanireJ for two md ibrw voici«, in 
llM'Muaical Companion,' 1078; olber mumc 
is IB the Lmnhctb Palace Library, and two 
nuuiiiiicript anRirw in t)ii> Mttwillum oolleo 
tion. r«pys r»cord^ the visilaof Theodorv 
U(7od|{KKnni'S9hi8i>rh)f>wirrVsin(rinfr'master 
from 1 Jnlr Ii361 o<<r^iiiiniilly until -tl Attir. 
lOST. A John GiKHlcruome, orinuiii'L of St. 
Pat^r'ii, Oonihill. liS-'i, may liarv Ikiii tbr 
Bon of Jobn or Theodore Goodgroome, or of 



I 
I 



WiUiam Goodjrroooie, who a in the nf^iupr 
of gt. Dionya Backcburch. 1701. ■» rauaic- 
□Milvr. Tbedaloof JohnOoodi^raoine'adealh 
ia ^iveo tn tbeOld Cbngue-book, in May 1701. 

[Wood'o HSR.. BodL LiK ; Rimhaull'* (Md 
Chaqiw-boDk of tJie CbaH Ruyal : Stat* F«p«rc 
namniiualed by Mr W. B. S^uir*: CbanWr- 
layWa AagliK NoUtia. 1«9S. p 1 71 . aoil fnllow 
iaa yMn; Pwrn^ I>>ai7, i' 34B vt aaq.; Bar- 
lataa Soattj'fRfpmwn, iii. iW.] L. U. ftf. 

OOODHUOH. WlLia A.M (1 709?-l 849), 
compiler, bomatiout 17!^, n-a» foraometime 
a h(*okM>lW at LWOtford Street. In order 
lor*!R(lttrhttnHi^lf nenmpeleut biblioifrnphef h^ 
acquired a knowle<)frr- nf many of ibe onanlaJ 
and moat of the modem languages. IK- dL»- 
tinriiinhed blmiv-lf by hi# learned criticiMii* 
ooJoha Qellamv's trauslatioooflJi" Bible in 
the ' Qoarterir Review ' for April 1 HI 8 and 
July }»iO. In l&IO 1m iv>u«<d propo»alft for 
a aociely to be «alM tbe ' Dufruale Society,' 
for the elucidation of Itrit IaIi family anliquily 
by tbe publication of inodited dooumeata 
and by ^stematic reftrence to those already 

frinn-d, but tb« pn>ject was not enonuimgM. 
le died at Cbet»c« on 33 May 1^2. a^ed 4.3, 
I'W^-iaga son and a daughter, nurinp the 
tlirm< yeara preoedinjr bU deal4i he bad bueu 
enpifced in ttie mmpilation of a bible cydo> 

Siedia, but he only livt'd lo pnipare the work 
own to the lrtti>r 'r.* It anpeiinHl in Iwo 
folio volumes He aim publislicd : 1. 'The 
GAtetotheFrpocIi, Italian, And Spaniiib I'q- 
locked' (anon.). 12mo.I.ondon, 1Si'7. 3. *Tlie 
Qatf? tn th«- Hfljrew. Arabic, and Syriac II n- 
lock-'d by a new and nany mt^thod of acquit^ 
ins the Brcidence * {anon.), 8vo. Tendon, 
I81'7. :V 'Th.- FjiEli-b Gentkman'ii Ubmry 
Manual, or n Guide to thr Formation of a 
I.ibrarr of Select Literature,* 8vo, Li.indoQ, 
1827. " i. ' Moiir«>« t.o the Study of Biblical 
I.tlerature in » counw of illttodnclory lec- 
ture*/ 8vo. I^ndon. 1838: another odilinn. 
without OoodbugbV name, wu iaued in 
183t). 

[OpDt. Mng. new an. XTJii. 216; AililNmo'N 
Diet, of KncI, I,if. i,«B9.1 0. «. 

OOODIKGE. THOMAS (1746-18I6>, 
diviii(T,bom in 1746. souorTliomiu Goodinge, 
bnrrii)ter-Ai-law, was cduratpd at tlloucMter, 
and enlerwl Triiiitv n<illfije, Oxford, 14 Jul. 
17H-* (B.A. 176H. laxA in 1778 Mh M.A. at 
Uanibridirw and ll.C.L.ai OxfordV In 176ft h« 
was ennfaired for a frw nKinlliiiisanawiiatant 
in ibc collftri- Bcbonl at SaliKbtiir, and after- 
ward- btyjuiiK principal uf the col lege achool of 
Worceater. In 1760 lie wm ordainM deacon, 
and in 1771 waa preaented lo tbe liring of 
Bredicot in AVnrecBMrshirc. In December 




Goodman 



138 



Goodman 



]773 bo lutiiTied Mitrik nnlr, daualitcr of 
Robert HiUft of Mjirylubone, Loawnt. In 
I77fi hn opened a private school at Hev^re, 

He nn/> }ii«(i-ma&tf>r of tho ^Diinnr 8chni>1 
at \jv"iU in I""9,l)it'fti[ierwtitrof I[utioii in 
Som-^^^etsbin- in H'^, and in 1780 rector of 
Oound in SbrnpHbiru. Here hu lost lti« wife 
LnS<'pl«mb«-r iHlO.nnd duritig bii romaininz 
ycATu ho r»/tiili-(1 in Shrawsburv. U* diw 
J7 July I8lti. 

OiwjJuige wiw II ^iiiik! !irli(ilar,a poiverfiil 
prtiiirh^r, ntnl U rfiiwesfful tt'bwltniwU'r. Un 
(.■omtnynci'tl a tninnltttion ■>f I.Tcnphron. hiil 
reUniiuialied il iiti ibc uppearance of M'-rn's 
trnnBlatioit^ ill l^'UU. IIe\vn><n^io<lliolAnist. 

[Gent. j)l*)f. vol, Ixiiri. pt. ii. p. 91, vol. 
lxiu(«ii, pi- ii- p- >92 ; CJtiiiinhnr«'i Bing. lUnatr. 
of WoreMtw.diire.1 W. F. W. 3. 

GOODMAN, CAKDKLI. or CARI>OX- 
NKLL (lO-lH-'-lOW), nftor nml Bdrenlurer, 
WM WJn r>f a cl"nrytnitii i>f llic *nm"." niimcMit 
onotimo sclilnii in Slmftt>sbur\-, DorsDi^'hin-, 
and yii 1*^ March IH-'il ri-nio\pd from tht- 
bcni'liee of FreshwaUir, Isle of Wijflu, by 
orderoflli(?coHncilofilat«ir-rt/.SMftPi*/»r«, 
Dom., IWl). The son went to Si. John's 
Collflge, Cambridge, and prooet-di'd B.A. in 
lOTO. Acconling to hia own Adnii)»ion3, aa 
n-latod by Cibber. Ik- whs expellwl from tli« 
iinivereity ' for bvini; ont- of ihi' hot-headed 
Apnrha whf> were ronc^rnwl in ihe ('iiUiii){ 
and dffiiuiiig the D'lkc of M.iiiniuiith'a pic- 
ture, thuti cbanccUor of that placp.' Soon 
after ha apptia^-d in LondfU. and Iwpnmf mitt 
orthpp»K'-»>oflbi'bn<'k-etairci«wlii£?har!esII, 
hot after Bto yptti-** service ho was di^miRvd 
for neKliiTi'ncy. Two yeant jiri-rioiu to his 
dioini-HHl be inberitod 2,0(X)A hv his fathLT'd 
ditnth, wbicb he rapidly soiianrl^n'i! onuinfr 
thif Talew of ih.' town' Ilr iht-n attached 
hiin«*lf Ml iUp kinir's t'ouipaiiy at I>riirv Lane 
'liiftBtre, Knd miuh' what woft probdlily hid 
first appoBwinfeaHPolyflnrrcboM in the' I'lival 
Qui'Onn, or Alexander tin- tiK-nt,' +to, 1677. 
Her*-, awwrdinp trt CHWwr. ho miidi' rapid atl- 
TBDCw in pepulation.and Uv in meutioneilby 
DownM as lakinfT 'bf partflof Alexaain Dry- 
d«o'a'All for I»v«.* Pbamace* in'Milbri- 
d«t««. binK of I'ontiw,' by T.e«>, a«t«d in 1678, 
and Valcntinian in the tnigt?dy of ' Valtm- 
linian/adapit'dhylhe liarl of ItnchMtirr from 
Iteaiitaonl and Flftcber'oplay.iind pt-rfonned 
at Prury l-aue in 1085. The cbancti-n. in 
wbiHi he wtm hi* chief aiicceM wero Jiiliua 
Cieasrantl Alexander thuOrMt. C-'ibbermen- 
tionti w^ith luime vriirtnlh the gcneroiiB pruiM 
ho bcstowwi iijioii (ioodmun wh^-ii hi- wiw 
plnyin(t llie part of thf chnplnin in Ulway's 
' <>r]ihnn,' and hnw (Ninfid*'ntly h'_' predicted 
Ui« I'utun) 811CCC*-'.. In l(Jtt2, when a ftwion 



took place between the duke'a and tlwlttQf'* 
eotupony, ho supported Mohtui in oppMing- 
ibe united n<:tor», altbou^b he juintul ibfm 
about three years biter. AcconlinK l-i Clbber 
I ht- hi{;ht»t salarj- paid to bire<I nclora at that 
period wa» 'U. liii. jmt diem, which he pivada 
as sumo excuso for Ooodraan's eseeaM*. Ad 
a proof of bin [mverty Cibber relates that Cap- 
lain Grillin and ' ^cnm 'Doodman — *aa he waa 
atyleil by biv enemies' — were drivea to iharp 
the aame bed and tho ume shirt, and that a 
du(-l wa« foiurht on Goudm&n's appropriating 
the oommon clotbio^ out of hia turn. fli« 
scanty lirtiliho'M] also led bira to commit a 
hif*fawny robbery. Hh waa condemned, bofi^l 
s^Wfidtly purdoDM br Jame« IT, and * hitt IMihH 
jetity'a urvant rwtiirned lo the Stage a hero.*^ 
Hia latter years vere rendered mon' atHii'Mit 
br bi» bocuming tliu patunour nf the Duchttu 
of t.'lerrlriiid, but h« waa shortlr detected in 
an attempt lo poiaim two of her cJitldr 
hroii^bl t4i trial fi>r a ' mindemt-iuiciur,' ang 
finodbiinvity. tn IttfiM hu withdrew from tli 
M^lie, mill became a eame8ler,a profeeciooil 
whi;'h hf. «oon proved an erpert , especially M 
ombre. Out of gratitude to Kiu)f James fo 
sparing his life, (roodmaii became a Jacofaita^ 
■uid on The death of QueMi Mary was cna- 
nt-cled willt the Kitnwicli and I'Lamock plot 
lo kill William m ( l«iW-7). Wh«i the 
Kht'iuo wiij discovered. Ooodnun, who wu 
rommitl>>d to th^- Gafhou^, was oficired a 
freo pardon if he would inform agaiiut hts 
mnn''illui>lrioii4n<;compIice.8irJohnFeDwick 
[a. v,\ a coodiriou hu would have boon quite 
disprnted to acce]>t bad not FeQwickVfnenib 
MUght him at tho ' Fleece' in CoTent (iarden, 
and at the ' Uok' ia I>rury Lank<, where be 
CTentTiallvAfT^ea lo iw^i^pl WO/, n yrar wilh 
a Tvsidenuv ahtuad. He «.<»capwl to Franw, 
and died there of a fevcx in IU9R, njrod about 
50, 

[LiiUnai'uRvl.of KtataARiiirii Doran'aAiuiaU 
of tbi' F.iig;!. Sta^ : Colloy Cibber *a Apalagy. ad. 
Rnlieri. I.ovrc; l)ntrn«'« ItoKitia Angltranaa; 
ThrophiloB LurnaV fUnmnir* of tho moat flunot ~ 
OaiuentecK.] W. F. W. & 

GOODMAN. CHRISTOI'llKR (1B30?- 
Ifilllli, piirilcin diviiii'. member of an oW 
Cbeahire family, was probably born (iniOi 
in f'liester. \V hen about eiffbteeu hf cntvntdl 
llnt^cnose College. Oxford, gradiiatiii^r 
R.A, I Feb. 1-MI. and M.A. 13 June II 
Tn I.M7 bo became n senior Atudenl at Cbrisl^ 
Church. and waeproftor in 1519 {0.rf. Ums. 
if(V..'>xf. Iliat. Soc., i-'JI7). He pi^iceeaed 
U. l>. in I5.^I . and ia l^aid to have become Lady 
Maqjan-l prvifexnirordirinilvabout 1648(1>B 
NnTR, F^tifti, iii, Blft; Wood, Afkfva, ed. 
BIisfi,i.7in; Wooo. Fatti, i. l20,U-2; 0^_ 



J 




Goodman 



129 



Goodman 



■tfm». Uty.Lim,'lU). Al Oxford Uooam&n 
' I frunda vith Bartkt Gm-n [q. v.], -who 
naJwrnnlil faim »tit 'fi>r hiK Imrniti^ niKriitxIly 
•ad ■OMT iMharirxir ' (F01 C, Art/i nnit Monu- 
,wi,Towi««ul,Tii.T3i^,73K). fJwx). 
I Ifrft England in l>VS-t, and 00 33 Nnr. hifl 
w— ■ppowsamongtlitf aigna'mg»to» letter 
600 lu exiWot Stiubur^. Ilf Kfl<^rw*ri'lA 
Wasd the acbmn rixmi^ thv refonm'n at 
nwtkfect, and wttbdrvw with \Vltittiii(;liam 
[a. t.] and ochcf leading exHv* to Ot-iitivs, 
whtmtee tbej uiiit«d in writing a leit«r to th« 
VnaMtm coognvation ta d«f<rad their drs 
pviuRt. Tb« bntarm at OooeTa cIiom Knox 
4Bd Uoodman in September IV>^ for tJicir 
{■iton. and th« two fonncd a lifelong frii<nd- 
akin tlurini; hU oxilr (loodman Umlc imrt 
in CoTrnUlif'f t naBlation of the Rible, helped 
Karac in tliv 'book of common onlor,' ami 
fooM Tery acrimonious tract-i Thu 
&mo«g was entitled ' How superior 
_ _ n oiurht to be obttjod of tlteir mbjecta, 
amd wfagreiit ibaj m»y lawfully be br God's 
wort dltobsrad and resisted . . .'Oen^va, 
1H8. The book, in favour of Wvntt'e ro- 
b«IltMO, bilt«rly attacks Mar; aiiil tW ro- 
TBraaant of women in guncral, a fact whirli 
afio-wnrds draw diiwn KlijtAtM-th'ii iliKjilim- 
' mam vfon tbe author. KnosV * First Blast 
^K of liiv Trumpet ' wan published in IV> sniuo 
^ryf*r, and the tmrtx wen> M>cr«'tly rirrulat^ 
(a England, Tfamr violence was genersUy 
jiapprarvd, oTra bv thdrown parly. TJooJ- 
■■D alwt publishcn wfaitr abroad a ' Oim- 
■•Vtary (i|KiaAnioai,'in which b« likens Marr 
to ProKrpine, queen of Ilades. So bitter 
ma tbe fevlinti alioiit hi!i book that Uvod- 
mtn did not darv to return to England on 
Etinbitb't aoceosiun. In Junu l&W Knox 
■amflBtlj bagged noodmaii, ' wlumn |tn^wiicn 
I ihim for more than lihe that Is mv awn 
fl— h ,' to join him at. Edinburgh, aad slWr 
npiwied fntreattw Goodman went to Soot- 
lud early in SpniMnber, acting as escort to 
Kdox's wife and fiunily from Ocnt^ra. In 
(h:(r.l..r i .. » f.it aukda one of the oounnl ap- 
poit ' lords of the congregation to 

I mm; ^. ii.btfand fCnoxpr«achingdaily 

in 'thi- T^CMM C»mp' (ZurirA Letfrm, ParVer 
Soc 155^ 70. p. m, 1 !>.«. ir*r>d). rn NV 
liMilaii be bocamn tniuinlt-r of Ayr. In tlw 
ftitlovttig July < loodmon was appointed to 
81. Anorcws. He nlso want abnut Soot- 
bod ]in«rhing, uitd in Atiguat IMU spent 
tao days in the bl* of Han. where he 
ffMAhnd twica {St»tf fiipfm, Scotch Ser. 
IflQO-lfiOS, p. Uil, and For. Scr. IMO 1, p, 
SS$]. Two ynan |a(*T ho and Knox went 
l«g«tb«r Id vimt some of thn reformed 
eburebes in Scotland. Intvrcmsions w«ru 
inwhlbf ibmId for bis mtum to Kngland, 

TQL. xxa. 



though Calvin Kxhnrt«Kl him to finish liia 
work in Rcotluid. Cecil, to whnm he wroto 
wii h indiscnwt seal, (old Sndler in 1559 that, 
nfxt to Knox, (inodman'a tinm« waa ihn most 
odious of hifi party lo Elintbeth. The Karl of 
.Mar fAvoiiri'^ lii* vio^ws, ami in lo^'i asked 
leavu to briniif hiin in hih train to a iirojuctud. 
nut'tiDg betwi-L'n Kliznboth and Mary. War- 
wit'k fnim Harrc bi'^f^ (in Decembar) 
Dudley and C'-ecil to give 'so worthy an 
instniitit>nt' employment with hU armv in 
Noriusudy. At lact by l£4uiJj>Iph'ii utfvice 
ho ventured into Kl^laod in llie winter uf 
1505. lie wout to Ireland cJaniULry 15tiG) 
a* chaplain to Sir I lenry Sidney, thu n«w lord 
deputy, who in the Gpriug of l-VST recom- 
tuttudi-<d him to !}•■ btKliop of lluMin, aitd 
promised him the deaiieri' of St. Patrick's 
{•Sttit-r Papt'n, Irwlnnd, Elixsbyib, 1.55tt-7, 
pp. ."JiA, fl27). Cioodman, however, receiTcd 
utjitber of these ofBoes, It wais prahably 
when Sidney returned to England in 1570 
that ho wut uppointcd to the Itviug of Alfonl, 
near Cliesler. ajid mode archdeacon of llicb- 
mond. In the upxt yvur hv was de<prived by 
l&bop Vaugbau for tionconroruiitv, nad m 
A[iril 1»71 broujfhl b^fon] the eccle.uaAtica1 
comniig-iiont^ni jtt Lamlx'th. llnwos obliged 
to make a full reuuitation of bi.n ptihli»hcd 
oiiinion^ sad a protwt in writing of bis duti- 
ful obsdience to thequp^n'ii person and her 
lswfiilgovemment(KeSrsii'B,.<i'iria/«, u. 1. 
1401. fa June he wiuajiriiiR examined before 
Arcnbljihop Purkor, * bcat-^n with thrt'«Tod»,' 
mid f'jrliJdeu tu prvach. IW cvuiiiLiitnvd 
(2{t Julv) to Leiceeter of his bard treatment 
(Addii'MS. 33091, f. 246), [0 August hu 
rctiiriK^J to Chester. Un 21 Nov. 1^)30 Ran- 
dolph writes to Lei(x«t«r, voiiciting leuTi' for 
rinodman to r<-rli>it Scotland (Lbmon, Qif. 
St^U l^ptrj, 1547-80, p. 6S8). la IfiW 
Cioodman rrfiised to subscribe to the articles 
and the service book, and .\rchbisbop Whit- 
gift complained of his porversitv to ibe lord 
treasurer. Having no living he was not 
howi'ver again eiiamiuvd, but allowed to 
■uend tbL' fmI of his days peacvfuUy at 
uhcstt^. \Vhun I'MhiTcauv to England to 
c:«j|)frtlH>)ktforlhe Dublin Libnuy.he visitvd 
Goodman (4 June I60S), thi-n ' very nnctent/ 
and Ivingon hin death b*d. In iil\erday8 the 
arrhtufihop would often repeat the ' grave 
wise speuclHis'be heard f mm I he old mao, 
who muFit luive died shortly aOi-r his riiitt 
<l'MliBu,Xi/>,ed. Elringtoti, i. 1*3). Oood- 
maii WM buried at Chesli.-'r, iu St. Bride's 
< *hurcli. Wood sirea a Latin eptj^iu 
wriltt-n upon him by his 'sometime me»d,' 
John I'arKhiirst, containing a play upon his 
nam>*, ' Uudmane.' lie i« Mid by Woo<l to 
havo writU'n a cotnmeotary on Amos. 




Goodman 



J30 



Goodman 



[SUM PApan, Rcot£h Ser. 1500-1003 -pp. 
119, 161. 183. 220; FonJKn Ser. 10SS-9 p. 
MS. 1669-40 pp. 4S. 52. 73. 12«. 1668 pp. jl, 
2S8, 273. AflS. 802, iriQA pp. ol4, ASt ; Wnoil'a 
Alhtiuie(6li«*). i. 7'-il ; i^try^m'* Memorials, «<il. 
18^2, vol. tit. pt. ii. pp. 131, 1B7; Anntvlit. vol. i. 
pi. i. pp- lo'2. 182. [87. SIS. tee-, ro!. ii. pL L p. 
UO- Life of I'H.rlcer. t). 64; Truubles at Knuik- 
ten (Pbvuix), it. 44 ; Oritfinsl "L^iten (Palter 
Soc.) 2ud ser.. Goixiinnn to Pot^r Martyr ; Sadler, 
i. 610: McCriV* LifeorKDnK.i. 384. 300.338. 
filO, M2. AOI.ii. 138. 370,338.284.443; Mait- 
land'* l-^tT* on the lUfornrntiuo, pp. 103. 112, 
11«. I2C, 171. 177. 1»G; Hpylyn'» Ili-t. of tb« 
Rprmnuulion. ii. 182. 397: Orniproc]'* Chmbire. 
ii. 727 ; FhIIlVh Oiatfli lli»l. bk. ix. p, 77,1 

GOODMAN, n.\BltlKL (I.'i39?-ltl0i>, 
dcnn of liVe-stmiiiHtRr, born at Riitliin, llen- 
biKlmbire, almut 1GJ9, was gf^cond boh of 
E<lwi«.ni GfHiiliiijin (f/. lO'JO), invrctiant. sncl 
burgpftSfif KuT.hiii.by hin wifi-Ocily, ilaiipli- 
t^rof l-MwanlTlielwuMof I'las-v-wiird. He 
prowi-ded B.A. frnm Chriot'rt Colk'gi'. Onm- 
bridir»', in 1W9-60, and wsa fellow of Jvkub 
ColLcftv till l!8 Sept. 1660, (rmdtiftlinK M.A. 
in IC-V), aiid aciiii^; for a Inn^ litiu' lu I'tuip- 
Uiii to Sir William Cecil, w-itb whom be 
"Kiiif alwnys on inliniato ti'Ttns. lie vru 
iiTPatpJ !).!>. in ISft4 lu it m«nbfir of St. 
John's ColWpe. lift Ihv^rk! nnitor of South 
Luflf-nhum. ICut laiidFliitv, SO Sept. 1.^58 : 
re^inr of tbfr flriit poMion of the cliurcb of 
W tiddvMluu, lluckiu^liamslure, i65Q, and 
of thy BKCond portion 25 Nov. 15fi9 ; cbaod 
of WrMmindtiT 21 Juno l.'^HO. and w&s iti 
.April ]'M aprebendary of St. fnui'sOallie- 
dral. On IJft Sept. I5t>| he waa nppointed 
■dwnn of Wwi miiiM'T, but utntttuueo to huld 
roiifh other i>ro ferment. lie prcficLed ot 
court 13F«b. lijtil-'i,audwiL«iilji*tit prL-iichiT 
«t rmirt IMlf»-li. H.^siib.4mli.tt tbt: Thirty- 
nine Artirleii in tlio convuL-atiun of 1&62-^, 
and Tu[(>d n^itmt tm^e''^' *^'1 i-hiinp» in the 
oenvmonicii and litnrjrr of the phnivib. In 
l-IOil John Feckenham, tha late nblwt of 
\Vestmlti«t<>T. wflft pincod in bift cn^tOfly. 
In Aug'uijt IIVt!-l he was at Ca.mhrid^e pre- 

fnriiiji for the qu«L-n'8vi»it to ihe UQivui^ity. 
D 1670 B eiiir?v8( ion thn.l (ioodmau ishoiiid 
«uc»»w<l (iriiiilnl »» binhop of l.^iidou wan 
oppoaed by iVrchbishopPftrkrrnn thi^jfivtiinil 
tuBl ulibuiii^b 'm. end, irnivt' mtui,' (ioodinau 
wiLxiii I'arktir'sprivatojudpinent'too Afvert'.' 
Nfitber Parker's nHiocuiui'iidution that C.jood- 
mui should b>- lUHdr bishop of NnrwirJi in 
1576, nor Avlmer'e wqufsi that be nboiiW 
bo iippointed to thi- sub r>f llocbcisti<r in 
Novi.'inhsr 1681, nor WhitpiftV propaani tlint 
iku biehcrpric cither of KochuBt«rorChichiii- 
ter should bf conlorrcd rtn him in 1684, pro- 
duc«d tay result. OoodmaQ wba repeatedly 



tu>imnnt«<l a commitmoner for cmnus vcciv 
sinMical in the court of bi^h tnminuHiiiB ; 
wa» R coiumiiMi'jner fur viiittiiig the Sar<mr 
Hospital in 1670; iuiMiiti-<] In lbt> condvaniMf 
lion of the Dutch anabaptistii in 1A76; aidud 
Ijoni Iliirgbh-f to Mit tin n ilivpnt* re«p«ctiil(; 
the validity of certain gnuww granit^ at 
CiiRibndf^' in 1.*>80; was • commiwioner to 
reprefieni tbn prinMtc at. the crniTocAtionof , 
]58f), and a royal contmissionpr for ib^H 
wllifnic^nt of Jmiu Collf^f. Oxford, in lotS^ 
oodiD an acted iL« an fxecutorof Lord Burgh- 
ley's will in 16!)»J. Hediwlon 17Juu»]ti01, 
atid WMi buried in St. B«ii(.*di(,t 'a Chapel, 
We«tDiiDst«r Abbey. A moiiiiniral. wilJi m 
buet in n gown vnn ereeted in St. Teter't 
rhurch, Kulhtn. 

(ioEidman showod himself much int 
in vducatiotiul and charilikble schemm. 
1670 111' iinividod fur tlw irwetion at 
wii-kiifauDmeforsickAVesrininaterTCholl 
Two ttrhr>lur>ihj[i« witc f<mnd^d in hi, 
Bl: Si. .Iflhn'rt C^lle^t-, famhridzi*, by b deed 
datiM) no Feb. I67H-SI, ihe endon-ment being 
The gift of >Iildn<d, Lord nurghley's witt. 
Ad oTBTAeer of the will of France*, oooBlriS 
of Susbcx, lie took pari in the inaufuralioa 
of Sidituy ^uiwiui Collt^, CBinlni^o. Tn 
1.590 he founded Christa Hmpilal ■! Im 
native town of Rulhtn. for a pn-sidE'at, war- 
den, und twvlvo poor iomatos, and in lOOA 
addfd to the foundation a ^junmar ncbool. 
Camden was always no latiniate friend. 
Ooodmui (t.s.«iAt<iI him in iii^ ' RritAnnia,' to 
whioh he pn^fixed Latin vei«t>a in LV^ Bnd 
bequeathed to him nf^ldrinEwilb a tiirquoiN 
8ton(^. By hi.* will, dat^-d S March IWO-l, 
Goodman Mt beqnest« to almost all iIm 
ofBrtala of Wcstminstf^r Ahbpy, to the tawa^_ 
uf ICutbiu, to the pari«he» in which li^| 
had lired, and to variotia ro^oibftrs of th^H 
Oticil fnmilr- His household sttiff waa be- 
qiiiiAthed to liiN Imnpiljil xt Kothin, and niAay 
rare hookfi and mAnHScHptfl. rhieJiy bibl««, 
tom'tbor with legarii.'ti to pour schotnn, were 
lefi to Ohrist'.<i Collt^i^, rARibridgc (with n 
portrait of Lady MorGfaret Beeufoct, the 
roiindn>iw), tji Sidrn'ty Sussex Collego (Tritb 
a portrait of the foundrws), to St. Joho'« 
Coliege, CambridfTC, to JeHus CoUeca, Can- 
bridm, and to Jmub Colloge, Oxford. A 
UhaldeAii Iiexicon wa« left to Sir XbooMS 
Ilodley for his library. 

OwKlmnu traivdBted in 1 -'G^ tbofirst eputle 
to the <.!arittlblaQ!< for the Ki.ohop*' Bible 
(rAiiHitt,(>irjr*jwn<J'wKv,ri,a3(l). lioIielpDd, 
Ixith with lilcrivrv aid nnd mormy. Dr. Wil- 
liam Morgan in hb Webth translntionof tlic 
Bible. A eonlinitnlion by him of Dr. Bill's 
' Order of tho (iovernmotit of the Oollcdmcf 
Westminsttir' nppc!a.r8, with s letter to Lord 



^ 




Goodman 



131 



Goodman 



I 
I 



I 



BvnrUvT ( 16 Now. is:"), in atrrpe'ii ' An- 
mU.'' lli«ikt*tate«fortliBho^iul at Ruthin 
•rr ia ' Chwit y lieports,' xxxii. (3) 93-d, nnd 
tor hi* OTwmmu!' •ch.-wl in N«wconw*s * Mi»* 
■air.* Boav of hi» Uiinn an at UatfieLd. 

A portnut in tbe koepital at Knihin «ras 
•■gnred br Kotwrt iimn-s rrum a "kutch 
\iy Q. P. Ilmnling fur Ni*wcr>ini^'N ' Mfuoir.' 
'[BMvd Navtobw'i MMnmr(Itmfa>D), \mS: 
Ofrt *•►•-— '^inmla-. ii. 31"; Parkvr't C'lr- 
Mi. . W <n\fM. (Uliiw). i. 2H. 210. 

9M ; !>■ '■ ' -i; Htanloy'i W«it(niin>Ur 

Afatwjr: Uiat. MdH. Obam. Ith R«i>. pp. 17$ i-t 
Mq. (WMnniulvr Abb^ Arehm4) conUiiiu a 
lirw uutapgrioat rafnrmreL] B. L. L. 

GOODMAN, tiODFREY 0583-1656), 
Wbup of ''lo»CM>1er, Umi at Kuthin, LW- 
bi^hkhirx, :» l-'cb. l^H-i^ wu Kcond son of 
Osdfrwjr Uoodman, by lu« svcond wifv. Jam* 
OnixUm or Oruxtim. Hi* Ikcber, a man of 
■aaparty, porrhaaBd tli# wtatM of 8ir 'lliuiufk* 
nilirr™, lord majror of Ijondon, uml (Inlirinl 
Ooo ii Mn, duB of Wftntninster [n. r.], vm 
ki« Boelv. In IGfU he w«nt to Wv#i.niin- 
■arSfilMiol, whrrf lb« liM«l-niaati>r, Oamden, 
•■ IBtUDate friend both of his father nod 
■m1*i ftok murh inb>reM in him. From a 
rhnriar 1 ir be roae to be » tchoLir. and id TMHt 
w«a plHdril lu a Kholarship at Trlnilv Col- 
lrgt>, Cambrid^r. I(i< jiroc^'dtHl to tui! do.- 
mm tif M.A. (l(JO;t-t|, M.A-. and B.D., and 
Si loos waa oi^wsl at Hantror. From l<X)6 
to MHO he nu irirar of HtapU-ford .AUb-jt*, 
Km^i, and lh«rv oiabonilnd onn nf IiIh •«•;- 
aov inU) hia vell-ltnomi ireattao na mau'a 
4Kiadni(». nn 10 Mar 1607 be waa in- 
Mallad a pnbMidaiy of WMtairuter, and on 
II JiUt I«I6 wan incortWBt«d K.D. at Ok- 
iarA, On 5 S».-i>l. Hill) lie wrote to the vico- 
elMoe»Uorall.Viubndgvurffm(;tIi<>est«bliab- 
Mael of a poblic library in tlto univ^nitTwith 
lb* mntm pripilcsva at tfa<i l)odl«ian. /iv bi- 
Buw abaut 16]6netorof WMt Ibli^y (for- 
wmlj lldealfly), Berlnliire. and aftorwordB 
^mtekami tba adrQw*»n of Kpnuirton rvc 
fmy. Olnurt^t^rahiiv. t/i which he pnMnnted 
binux-lf. lit- al»o holdtbe unecuiv liviotnof 
Uaud^Mil, Mont^omerj-iibiiw (frnm 'fi< Sept. 
IflOTkaml of Uanannoa (from 1>1 Julv 1621 
to»Jlinnl6:A(). Il« bowled Ibat the poriahea 
~ r U* aetJT* eontrol w>:ru invaiiaUy tree , 
htm atohouaat, bMfupin, aerioiu crime, Ttolmit 
diftthe, or lna.« of pivperty by fire (cf. his own 
■anaM*npt ni>tv in bu copy of Panfifrah 
iUMMMm. \»^. in Trin. rnll. [jbr. Cambr.; 
KBwmHtl, Memoir, App, T). 

GirtMiiD'in'ii ••■rmona, mnnifly Anf;ti>-an in 
tOBA, fjuickly attrmiitMl nCtfintion, and K- 
■bnpa Andtwwf<a, Vaunhan, and WiUiami 
fcaOMadnl bim. Reforo IHltlhA waaebaplain 
to tlw iituen. On SO Dm. 1617 lie becamu 



a canon of Wiadsor, always hU favonriui 
plnci- of Twiidfnci^ ; on 4 Jan, Ifl^^- 1 dean of 
Rochester; and in Iti^Iibisliop of (ilotiC'.'atur. 
lUirctigiiixlhia Westminsl^^r nrcb^nd in 1623. 
With bii> hiitb'ipric ht; wax uIIowihI to hold w 
commendrirn tlie Windsor canoiirj'. (hn lU)(<y 
rwitory, njid other b«ni!fi(;L'(» b«low 2(X)/.fl yp«r. 
TruuliW Im^iii oliucist ha soon ui! Oood- 
maii wiu oon«?crat*d C'i Mii.rch 1624-ri). Hw 
ofTuiLdtxl tbi> kiu^ b^ duuUnin^^ to tikko a hint 
from hU wcntaiy in the choice of a chan- 
cellor ( Cai. State Pirpen, Dom. 1 1 .Tan. 1 626), 
and iL laviKh MXiiimditiin', [mrllv 'Juroled to 
charity, entailtid moRinarr difiirulties, In 
Lnni l6-2Hhepn>scbt<dat court. Ili« remarks 
ontheroftlprerti-incw wcr.' '^uppo^t-d to irtMich 
too near tfi^ lxirdt>r» of poperv ' (HsTLXK, 
Oypr. A-nj/t. p. Ifti), On ifH Slarch convo- 
cation, at tbi* r«i|ui<*t uf thv kin^r, dlscuaeud 
tht' aennoti, ri'fcrrod its conuderatidti tn «. 
cimmitlci', and (4oodmuii watt mildly repri- 
iiiiuidi^l (1- April), lie wui Hiilwi.iquentlv 
directed I<i explain hia meaning in another 
iM-rmoii at ctiiirt, l.uit fjiilm) to nuiisfy the 
king. Tn lti:;S Rurtnn, Biwtwick, and Prynne 
drew up a petition to Charlt-'s ncciising Cyood- 
mnn of biivinc ' KM'dilhwi and n-paired' th« 
hi(rh cro»s ai Wiudwr, and with Qaving sut 
upon it twocolounvJ [jictures — oneof CliriaL 
upon ttiu crot>«, and the other of OhriHi riung 
out of tho aepulchre. Il» wan aUo clinrRoa 
with having intnxliiciKl into rJloui^aater Ua- 
thfdnil ulUr^loths and ihf like with cnici- 
liKiM llIllhnlidt!K^d un th«in, iiiid with liavinj^ 
Biii!pead(»d one Itidler, 'minifll'3r of Littlfl 
I)f>iinir,'i>n tlu< gmund that liv had preached 
tbat 'an nbAtinati' pnpii^T, dyin^ a papist, 
could not be saved, and if we 1» mved, tho 
[lapi^a wer« not ' (KBmtKrr^. In 1633 ihe 
biflhopric of Hereford r«>]l vacant. Juxon, 
who wna lirst chosen to till it, waa befniv 
coii8«cratioii translated to London to take 
the plar.? of Ijaud. who had juat h«M)m« arcli- 
hishup of Cantvrbury. Goodman, apparoatly 
from a dmiivof hi|{hvri'mri]iimi-nl, iiou)(bt to 
aiicr«4>d Jnxon. Ity hrihingcourt offioiaUhe 
certirwl hi>if>i»rtionnt th» bands of the Here- 
ford chaptfT nm Laud,rrwtlvinji^to8nppi«u 
ouTT«nt oomiptione in the church, indiici-d 
the kins to n-voko hia (UM«nt to tioodman'a 
imnalation. It was nTporiMl that Uoodman 
liad requeatMl to hold hotb biahoprica to(f^ 
x\\>-TiOnirt';fCharlnI,\\.-229). On 18 Dec. 
KiS.*) Ooudninn formally rououiiontl hi* claimit 
to Hereford, and untreated Laud to ifrani him 
i«iavp uf ■bi'i'ncu fn.im DloueMt^T, and apfininl 

acoadjubor(Hi!ii.tx,r5'/"'-P--''^: ^■'''/- Statt 
Paimn. ]>(.m. l(J33-fl, pp. 3^>3, 4;ir>). Uwd 
briiKciiiplv oith-riHl him to nitum to Dlnucos- 
ii^r, and added that ifiasfrnodmAn threatcniKl, 
be olFeml to rwign, hia rraif^natioa would be 

k3 



Goodman 



13a 



Goodman 



immodiati'ly wcptwil (Latd, H'ork», v. fi2). 
ftnoilraiLn Mt nut for hiii diivfuie, and in ICft(t 
orbitratt'rl, by order of the privy couocit b>^ 
tW(wn tlie city nni] county uf (ilwuo'Jttirr » I0 j 
tlicir liiibility to uliip- moiit-y. In Ifi-'iS, 1636, ' 
and m^!~, Lutid complaim^l tliut OcNNltiiiin 
fuilud ro St^nd in any n-p>irt 06 to ihc 8Uir« 
of hit diocese. 

Goodtnftn'a rclifrious vitiirs fiTnidnBUf , 
biousbl liim into very closusyiu^atliy wiiEi 
tliH Komai) church, and h« Mx>n gave grouuda 
far lht> Bii£{>ic-iun tiiit be had iwcntly joined 
ibiit uummuniim. Pauxani, thf |ui]nil n^pml 
in Eiipland, wrote in January liiTO-(i ibal 
' tlw bishop Miid diviiio uflicw in privatu out 
of the Itiiman bnn'inrr. and hnd afiktNl per- 
m!s«ion to kvcp au Italiun prit!«t to »ay mnfs 
Bwcrcllr in hUboiHi- ' ((iardineh. Jfi^t. viii, 
HO), rJirlr ill l(i<*lBitimilara]If^lion(i were 
Openty tuadi> iii Rotne, and 8ir William 
namiKon, thf> English agent tlirrr, wrotvto 
Secretary M'jndebank that (loodmaii had 
been convt-rled about IflSfi or 1636 by one 
VVilliniu liiuiitit'r, M'ho wi'iil bv tliv nuiutt of 
Jolirt ChallfintT. thi I3.luly lti3H Kilmimd 
At^'tjod, vicnr of llarlbury, (J touveBtvrGhirc, 
anvil WiMJf'bank an aocuunl of [jiiodmnn'a , 
intimato n-lations wiih Hanmer and wirh tho 
^nuinciiil "f tb" j>'Miil«i, why wi-ri* both nj- 
pr-aiodly thf hiahnirn giiests at (iloiicy^filer 
{Vlftret)di/n Ulate I'apert in Nhwtdme, jVe- 

tir*, Ap(). U.) To e**npe tht^ tbrfatpiii-d 
Vtoriu, lioodiuaii niadtf n rruit)i>.->fi uppliciktioti 
to l>aad for ptnniMiion to visit Spa un Xhn 
Kpfciuuti ){ruund of ill-bp«!t-h. On 27 Au(r. 
1638 be- tH-ti(iuiied in vain for 11 privatu ■utiT- 
viiw wii]alhi-ki«)r. I^ud, iu letters toWin- 
debanli and Slrafliird, dui^ll an ihe kiug'e 
wnitb, Ntii! wroli- wilb i)itiii;r wirfVDini of 
Oondman's d^jedion and cowardice {Cat. 
Viarrnihm fitate Paprrf, ii, 17-18; 'Stroffortl 
Payfm, ii, IfiR). Finally <'>(K>(1raan appt'arA to 
have ijireii an aseuraiice of future coiiionaity. 
Ill- woo suminoned in the aaniL- yi-ar (II186) 
b4^r'>rt!tb«bi(ibcommi8ait»i court on tbt! charge 
of bating allowed the jimiici* of rowkesbury 
to hold aiiartLT-n-Miions in lb« diiirch thcri'. 
In iy35> III- Hhuwed i>»me vigour in examiuinj; 
r^eidtntH in hii> diocese who had gradiiiittd 
Bt. 8i'i"tti»b itniviTHitiiv, and wiri- ■uj'iiiM'le":! 
bv the priryftniincil of actiTP sympnthrmtb 
tfie Scotlisli reholtion (Cnl. State f'li/iers, 
Dora. If-Sn, pp. 2r«-7. aiB). On Ifi .Tan. 
IR^O— 10 the hinfr Mini btni a peremptoTy 
ordiT to njtnni lo tilonctMer from Windsor, 
where bf prufcrrcd lo lirr. But worj*(' difli- 
fullitwTver)' in Btore. In May U'"IO Goodman 
with the othtT hi#hnp»w«» rc<) nested toet^ 
adhei<ionlothonewcBUCin*,wbicli upheld paa- 
Mvc obrdicnre and the divine ri(;bt of Iciugx, 
while* i^tenily dcaouncing Roinibb |>i«cticas. 



OiM>draan privaltdv infunned Laud tha^' 
should withhold hu atgnatun at all ham& 
He ar^ied tbai cunvvcation hod no rifffat to 
nil, tiDW tliot iiiirliunieni uraadianilred. l.iud 
plainly iflld him that his refusal rouhlonlybe 
aMrribed to hi«bHinKHpapi8t,<Socinian,orw^ 
tnry, end chared him with popi«h prvdiloo 
tioDa. But Goodman was nljitt inatw id hi* i»- 
«i«tance when convocation met (29 May),axid 
th«lwuh(>u»«(ipHJiMvIuj>un him a decrwof de- 
privation a beneficia et tifficio ( 1 1 irrLys,p.44fl ; 
l.lirb.n'ork^.'m.-I.'iQ; 6iLlitat/< Paper$,aaai. 
llUO, i^.'J.H.'I-l). Laud at once informed tbr 
king of the Hilualion, and orders were sent 
down for riit<KlninnV oommitlal to the Gst^ 
hfliiAe. lie petitioned for a fair trial (31 Mat ), 
and banged Vane to reetorv bia Mtpen which 
had been Mtt«d, and which he deelarad weie 
chiefly literary notee made in earlf lib 
('2 June). He gavi:> n bond of IO,OUIW. not 
to leave the kin^ora. On 10 July h« >iadi> 
hissubmisaion,e^nedthec8uonjt,waarel«af.>d 
from prison, and wa« rcstOTHl to hia see. O^H 
2^ .\ng. hn wmlo to Laud expn:8Un|i a dv«ii^| 
to T«eign his bishopric a» aoon a» hi* debtt^ 
wert) paid and livu on ' bia commeudam.* 

GoodmanV equivocal t)0«itiiin wan vttr 
prejudirial to the cauBeof bis ffllow-cht 
men, In Febniarj- I6J0-1, wbvn ih*« 
dit.ion of th>> rhuTch was undr-r d^ibate in 
parliatnnnt. Falkland ascribed the ditir^ute 
into which it had falK-n to I bo disbom^tyof 
mm liku Ooodman, ' who found a way 10^ 
re<x>ncile tbn opinionit of Itomr tu Ibv 
fermentK of Eni^land.und tohesoabHoluLel; 
diivctly. and curdiully papiitla, that il ie 
that l/iOO/. a yearcaji 00 tokeeptheni 
conf<3f£inK>t.' Outb>.-ulh>/rhand,tbi!i>nemiua 
of I-niid found an mlditinnal w<'ji}j(>n to i^i- 
ploy against him and his hrotber-bii'hop'i in 
theeevere trenlnieni to which OotHlniMn bad 
b^<n tubjwted in ninvocAlion. Tht'' cannna 
which Goodman had resisted were naturally 
ohnoKioustolhi^ piirliam'-nl. Apn^ponalwas 
mado in 1641 to brine ' wii biu a piwrnunire ' 
all who had rottul for (ScHidniftn's suspen- 
sion, and the ninth additi<»ial article in 
Laud'* impeachment |1(>44) ehai^d him 
with hartnfr advisLsi Ooodman's imprisoii- 
Dirnl, and with hnTing furritl biin to ^iro 
the nhnnxioiia canonii. But Ooodman did 
not escape the iteniecutjon to which hisordcr 
wiii> i'X|Hi)u-f1. In AiigiislItUl it waa rr^olvvd 
bv the House of Commons to impeach hits 
nlong with Land and the other btabopa ' * * 
had signed tbp cnnonB. In Deoemberfli 
miuinndeleTen other tisbops sinned Ibeletlt 
aent to the king, in which t.hrv enmpld 
of ill) i mid At ion wfaiK* making tbeir way 
the Ilou^e of Ijorda, and proteat«d again 
the intnsBclion of businoaa in tbwr abseitee.' 



ifi alH 
frua^ 





Goodman 



133 



(rood man 




Th« letter includnl ad ■Murnnca thAt the 
S^Bfttories ' do abomtauU uU nclioiu or opi- 
niCNU t«ndinft to popery luid tW muiatenaiice 
tlisreof/ ft B«ntimGnt whicti 'je»uilii!«l eqai- 
Toe»^n' o«o aloDv liavt' uutblvd O'^udniin to 
«dofil. As soon *s the proltat voa puV 
Itriwd. Guodmoji ind Uie otlivr agnttturiue 
ven CAtnmitti^ to UiP Tow«r on n riiflrgtt 
<if higrh tn-o^n. When brought to the bar 
of tfatt HuiuHMtf IjohU in FrbnutTy, h\n com- 
pMiicwfl dflelinpd to pl«Ad, but Onndiuan 

•id not piiltj". Aftyr ei([lit«eQ weeks' 
nnmcnT h« WW n-Ii^si^l on h«il and or- 
toretunitolusiliooe«e(i/(/M^ ofLordt' 
JotimaU.r.At-I>). UnSU Aug. KU^ bewmte 
•n mngry Utter to Laitd. compliuniii); bttl«rl; 
nf the KTOnffS b« hftd suirtTed 111 hia bands, 
~iid of Laud 8 refuul tof^|K'akwitbliim whilu 
were prUonera in lJioTowcr(Cli/.#;nf« 
•rf,Dom.I«41-3,p.3Ml). In 164yGood- 
a's paUce al QlouoesU-f wwi sadwd Ir^ 
jmrliaaiuitur; •ol<Ii«r«; nearly all hu 
>kB and pa pore wen dtcpmed, and in deep 
distreMt hu rr^tir*^] to Carrutrron, wlwtre bn 
poueMed a stnall eatalo. On \fi July 16-13 
a* «itcn!>d into a bond nf IO,(KX)/. to appewr 
befare a oommitto^ of tbc H<^ii.%> of Commons 
when mgutred. In L(JJ<< the coiuiuiil«« of 
■yquj'rtniiion din?rt«d the tithes duo to him 
Brum West IUl«_v to be paid lu tlicai. Oa 
'Sl Autt- ItUy be prewntM B liuiuble petition 
to p»rl)iimpDt for n>licf, and drvlnn^d he lutd 
Be>«r inLirfrrvH] in ' matU-rii of war.' Ay- 
pended tr> thp p^'titjon vaa an address in the 
auDP»eose from the mavor and (Ulier aulho- 
ritii^inf l'iirn«r\-an,b<4i<lrnnM appi-al toL^nt- 
faftU from thfl g^niir, citiiu'nfi, and burgewu^ 
Ibf LUoiinvt^T diopnse (print^ together in 
Pblio ahe^t, I<ondnn, I(i49: Brit. Mii». Cat. 
\W,^. IS, No. 16). Further parlipulan con- 
canting kis pwuniart relations with thi- city 
of 01ou(><M«>r ATv givwi in a IwUrr to iLv 
ni*yi>r of that city, 23 Not. IWD {Fnitfa.t 
Cmt»p. tv. 1 II ). ' Hie loeaee,' Mya Wood, 
'w«re so ftitraordinarr and tucMtMive grval 
thai Imi wa^ ashamed t a confeee then, l«st they 
might iRti^m iurredible, and Wt otlwiv night 

fodenn him of folly and improvidrncy. 
Alxjiit 1660Goodmat)BeemBtohaTe»eltlGd 
l^indon, ftnt in Cholt** and aft^-nrards in 
the parish of St. Mar|[an.>t.V, \VV«tmin)ii'>r. 
IT"* "'t-'ntiiinaof hi" Westminster lAndladv, 
M I Ai^lionby, and the Mr&diihip of 

* ,' ■■' lt«veni>ort fq. V.I, ronuerlycbap- 

latn (o v/nM'n Tlcnri'-trn Mbria, app^Ar to 
havH conwili>d hi* d»'c]iriJ(i^ dav". Iht iip«Dl 
much tini^ iu Str Thouiat Cotton's libtWT. 
In I&'VS be d>:dicat»] to Cmaw^U ' A Urpa 
Discoursi* enmv-Tninp ilu- Trinity otid Inca^ 
1/ in vhith he recapil qUimI his grier- 
H« had bad liro KKian in Knglapd, I 



mtr Hvhadbi 



' sllof which wempluiidttrHdaiid bin wi-iliiijgs 
in tb«m miaeornacL' Finally he domanded a 
Itearing of bt« case. In n itfCond d»]icai.ioii 
; to the mast«r,felIow*.and §cholara of Trinily 
Oollcgv, Cambridi^i.', Iiv di>clurvd Lhol be waa 
destitute. Another pctitiori l(iCromw«llwa» 

iirimmted in Id5&. Goodman died 19 Jan. 
65fi-0, and traji biirii-d 4 Fvb. in 8t. Mar- 
! garst'sChurcb, Weotmin^t^r. lliRtombwaa 
I aiuiTiIy inxcrihed 'Godfrey Goodman.' 

ilisn-ill, dat«d IT Jan. lUftfi-H, and proved 
' 111 Feb., opvos with the profeeaion timt ho 
died a« hi> bad lived 'moat con»lant in 
all the doctrine of God's holy and apoHlolic 
rhurch, vrhi}reof I do acknowledge the ebureli 
of Rome lo U; the mother cUurdi. And 1 
do rt'HIy U.'L'eve tluit no other cburrb luith 
any mI vat ion inilbutanIy»t)faraEitroncuni 
with the faith of ibe church of Itomiv' Tlita 
and other portions of hin will were published 
in '^i-rciirtiu I'uliticiis' fur March lti&>-6, 
>"o8. 2UJ>, .-JlXl. H^ left his WfUh prop..rly 
to tlw town of ICuihin, his birthplace, of 
which he had \wn pn-wnti-d with tbr fri-fw 
doiD, and to which he had in hi^ lifciimi^pven 
axilvM'cup. There wereinnnll h*.piri'">lo ooor 
8equeat«nd clergymftn, to hi* landlady, .Mr*. 
iVgUonby, and to hie kinsman and execa- 
toff Gabriel Goodman. His mnnuaciipta w«n> 
to be publisluMi if any icholar dimmed them 
of sulhcient valuit. Hi* advow wm of Kener^ 
Ion he braneiubed to the ho#pital ofltuihin, 
unlrwa a Ktnnnan was qiulilied lo iakr< tlhi 
lirtntr ^thin three moalha. Ilin h'Hiks, ori- 
ginally d«ait{n«d for Cliehwa Ocll-ffi went 
to Trinity Oilli^, C.«iubrid^i. Widm! writi<« 
of (loodtnan as a harralesa man. hurtful tn 
noaw but himself, and a* bcHpiUble and flba- 
riiabh). But his career shows frri-at want of 
tnorml coora^, Kennell sav* (hat ct dautrhlvr 
of Goodman ' was rvdtif*^'! to U-^'Xiuj; ul hia 
dofirn' (C"fn]ii. Ili't. m.'^iVt). l!o<*dmau ww 
unmAmed, and I lii« story is not corrohofwiML 
GoodmaD's works, written in r<-ai]ab1n 
Kttgliab, andabowinft much ongiual thouffhl, 
were : 1. 'The Fall of Man, or tbo ComUh- 
liun of Nature pTTnrr«) by tb« l.)f(br nf Ins 
Nalurall ICAabon,' I»ndiin, \n\(\, di>dimied 
to Queen Anne. The ri>ilelir»(»'il r'i>ly by 
Gwjrjre Hakewill [a. t.], ' An .^rnhiirii' ■ ■ . 
of the Power and rmndenie of Oifl,' sp* 
peared in ItS'JT in fonr linoki, am) in the third 
nl it ton an additional bivili^lhe llfib— ri>n- 
siitnl of anriiisjU rfviim' liy limitlmnn on 
llak"wiir» anrum>-nt wjfh llakewill's n^. 
plic". Tl»e dw[>nianls wn>leof »..rli . flurin 
lenis ofdnnprMMCI. It. I'.ntpnb' 1 

Fall of Man.' Uedon, WJ^, iiii'l 
' Tlie Fall of Adam frmn I'aradlsa \.t<.\>A hy 
Nstanal Bmsou and tb« froanda of I'hilo- 
•ofitj,' and pivftx^ a lalt«r by Uwilman lii 



Goodman 



"34 



Cootlrich 



wliich liL' di'precaled iLt; rei)ubUcatioii of a I 
work of liiH inrly duys, Siiutlu-y q«ftr<>s ad- i 
uiiriugKfroiu lljiaMork in hi^'('oinmniiplnce I 
Itouk,' 1st SIT- |ip. i;t7-<)"i. '2. 'ThcOrMitiirfaf | 
I'rayfiijiKGodfOrlhclloligionnf DiimbeCrea- ' 
tiin.«. An Kxuii|i]c aiiJ Argument for the I 
Htirrinjt up of our llevotion uud for tlic Con- 
fiuioii of Atlii'i&tu,' LuiiiJuu, lO'J'J (by i'Vlix 
KytL(f«lon), without author's nam^(cE. ^otr^ 
anil Qutriex. Ith sur. v, -100). A Frvueli 
trnuslation by V. F., rrith ii tied i cat ton to the 
(Liichnr, 4pp.>nni(i at Pnm (TJino) in 1644 an 
'Lew Devoirs des crvatun?" infrrieuivsi k 
riiommo r«.'oni»iii*rt«ni & louant incve&am- 
ment leur Orealeur . . . par le sieiu Oeoft'njy 
Itoii-bommu dc Itutliin.* 3, ' A Larffft IHb- 
Dourwi ooncviii'mg tlii; Trinily and \\ onder- 
full liiCHniHtion of o«r Savkmr,* LoiiJoti, 
1653, 4ln, dcdicfiKd to Cromwell. Goodraan 
rvgardud cLif work lui uii tipjieniiix to kU liTst 
book. 4. ' 'I'lie L'ourt of King Jamya tltc Fi n*i.,' 
first pritiifid by ihv Itvv. J. iiJ.Brvwer ( Loudon, 
lA'W), from tlie tuiuuucript in ihe Hodleian 
Libniry. topeilier wiiU a ewgoud volumv of 
letlem'illiiMrativf of ihn [MTJod, colUclfd by 
till,' editor from Tarious Boiiroca. The manu- 
ncript, wliicli owns Willi th" ilcjitli of Kliia- 
bcth and coiK'liidi'-S with .Tames Th dPHth, 
bearit no author's iiaiuo, but e. tni'inoratirluin 
imierted in it by llishop B(u-low anil thn in- 
it-nial dvidviicw lunvt- no doubt as to tlood- 
lunn'* iLUlhurtihip. It in u tc-inperatodcfencL' 
nf JaTDfa I in reply to Anthony WrUlona 
'Traditionnll Mfinoird,' first UmumI in 1(150, 
and ia a vahmhle autliority fop the roijrri- 
Wood also credits (loodmau with ' An Ac- 
coiml of bin SoHVirinjpi,'' whirli in only a little 

IiiLmphlct priiitj.-d IBflO.' 11*" seot a copy to 
Jcshor with A letter L July KVH) (Ninv- 
fOMB,pp. 70 -"),biit no eopy Roems now known. 
In tliL- Jodication to No. CJ Cioodman noles 
tliiit lie had completfld before the civil war 
b«t-Dn*anuoclvttiu8tical liictory more pari icu- 
larly ri^latiujr to our own nations, wliicb from 
the ytwr 1617 was vory Iiirgu and djflinct, 
making n pood voliunt-.' Nothing is known of 
thb mnniiAcript. 

rNcwcriTiiu'a SleiDMr sppendpd to that of 
GnlirielQuoilnitii, Ruthin. 18'Jfi : Wood'x A(hcn» 
Oioti, ii. 863-9; Wood'n l-'adti, i. 363; art. by 
Prr.f. J. E. It. Mayor in Cnnili. .^ntiq. lSoc. Cam- 
nmnicatiou-i. ii. 113; ifi»l. MS.S, (iimm. ind 
Hep, p. 106; Walker's l*iiflorinK¥. ii. 32; Com- 
monti' Juuriiid!-. vol. ii. ; l.ordii' Joumnla. toIh. 
iv. T. ; Oil. .Statu l'np»ni, Dnm. 1 825-/i.'j [uuiBim ; 
1V«lch'B Alntnni Tv(>»tnicina»l. p. GS ; Laud'a 
Work*: Le "Suvc'ff Fiii>ti ; Fullct'M "WorlhieB : 
Enilyti's Mrtiinir; CJardiiier's Hi>tl 8. L. X.. 

GOODMAN. SiaHTKI'HKX ARTIITTR 
(if. 1M4), major-gfiipral, L-nlert'd ll»' urmy in 
UcCober 1794 as ensifpi of thp 4Bth foot, in 



".•om* 

i8a0,a 

]t^»9 



which he li-!cauif lieutenant in ITVSaiid cs| 
t-aiu in Itfi'd. llu nerved with hie r^gtuirai 
in Jlinorcu, Willi tlie force AHottuLcvnom in 
IHOl), undvr Lieuten&nt-general Hir CbaTl« 
Steuart, to co-operate with the AuBtrwiw, 
and nl iLu rvduuttun of Malta. Hi nc.'om'. 
[lanii-d Iitt refitinent to the Peninsuia in It 
and commanded tlie ligiit cumpaniw otSie 
artV brigadt; of Hill'H diriiiiun at tlic baul 
of Talavem. In iHlti he was appointt^l 
puty jlldKe■■d^'Ocate, wifh thv rank of «*• 
aistAnta^liiitant-gfrniTalin l^cird W^^Uin^on't 
army. He was present at the capture of 
Itadajoi, and was placoal in cliargo of tb» 
FniHcb governor PbUlipoit, whoin he waa 
orderi'dta conduct toElvaa. At the captiinr 
of Madrid and ul tbv nvge uf Burgue,aBd 
ill the Hubae(|ucMt rt(tr(«t,riO(idmanart«d for 
the adjutanL-^neral of thti army (Watora), 
ab«.-nt through iUneM. In 1814 Ooodmaa 
wan nppointi^l deputy judni-adTocat^ of the 
troops proceeding to America, but exiJiBJief>d 
loaliknpOHt in tlinBritii>h forcf K'fl in Ifol- 
land under the Prince of Oraiige. He wmH 
deputy judge-El dvocate of the Vukv of We)^| 
litiglonV army in the WaUrlon cun]>aign, Ui^| 
at the occupation of Paris. HissuperseMifll^l 
wae dictatwl by the duke's belief in ih« in- 
pcmtivo seed of having a profewional lawyar 
at the bead of that dttpartmeut of the army 
(He Wfllington Suppi. Detp. xi. 43). Good- 
ma]) rvtircd on halr<p«y of hie rvgimental 
ran k at t hi> poare, afterwards atiaining mMor- 
general's rank, sad wat. made C.B. and KIB. 
In 181Dhowas appointed colonial Mwretai; 
of Hf^rbipj-, to which in Irt^l waA addad the 
rhen lucrative apnointment of vt^udun-mast«r 
in Borbici.1 and &i#»quibo. His rolnnial sar- 
(icM extended orer a period of [wt^nty-foor 
ywirs. during which he woa in chBTge i 



rea^j^ 



?ovvrnm>.'Ht uf ihi- colony from May 
Iciober LWiC. I>uring the negro 'i; 
lion of 1823 he wae deputed by Govenuir 
Murray to orgnniiit] a iniliiia, and livtd the 
office nf major-general and inKnertor«eneraI 
of militia in the colooy up to his dmtE. Ho 
died on 2 Jan. 1844, leaving a widow and 
eleven children. 

IPLilipparfe Koyal Mil. Cal. ISSO ; 0«nL Hag. 
n«w i.er. xxi. 53».J B. H. C. 

OOODRICH, KICUARl) (A IMf), 
occU-eiosiicol commissioner, a Dative of York- 
Ahir«, waa n^hew of Thomiu* (ioodrich, bi- 
shop of Ely. Hewaavducated at Jesus Col- 
U-gw, Cambridgi;, butdtwanot npjwar to have 
graduated. On leaving the univereitT he b^_ 
cams a member of flray'e Inn in \fiSi, ^■jH 
w«a admit ic-d ancii-nt fi July IM2 (Han^ 
Ma. hil'J). As early as 1C36 he was at- 
torney of the court of augnwDtationi. 




Goodrich 



'35 



Goodrich 



164S he lud ft gnat from thi' crown of Unde 
'which h»d bflongiMl to tlio iDoaa^Len^'a of 
K#imh*n), Il<>>)r<»dshu«, and Itutlof, 8uf- 
kXk. He waa Kppomled ftttonii.'y of the 
MCMul oourl of na|^>'iitatiiin on \ts formo- 
tion, fi Jsn- ir^t6-7. He abo Md Ibc iptlio.- 
of •itonie^of tli« court of nrarHa «ud lireries. 
BeivpTEwaiU'd f! real t*) rims by, Lincuhuhin.', 
in the puLukmeiit which tii>aan 8 Nov. I>>t7. 
Throughout tbc rpigii of Kawsnl VI lie wa« 
almoKt cunfttuiU/ employed in the ten >c«> of 
Uw crown. il# was oup of rhc ■jcclrHia.ilK-Al 
eaauBUMOnere, and was nlao in the «ererul 
T^fp— '*"" "- for Lbe oodificat ion of the cecle^i- 
mUfftl Uwa, the suppreasion of b«re«y, the 
lale of chantry Inntli, and Ihed«|>rivBtioii of 
lubow Oanliner, Day, Fleath, uid Tuiuttal. 
In 1-Vil the kinif pnuiti-d liiui an annuity of 
lOM. At Etiiuthetti'ft fU-cMuion h<.' wim in a 
ttUnmUMo, i^ Ia-c.'I'j-^S to airangi- nutti<-rt 
fur th«j conaideration of ihc t^nnniii^ i>«rlia- 
numl, and bImi in the iKvilcfiiaiiticaL commifi- 
sion, and in tbal iMut-d to admiDi^trr (he 
oaUu )■> lli»i-ler}*T. H<-died al Whil«{rian, 
t<ondoa,in May K'*'-. and was buried an lUts 
STitli Hi St- Anilraw's. Ilolborn. HU funeral 
wan attended h\ tliw ArehbUhop of CantOT- 
baTy(Park«r),tL»lonlkwper(SirN. Itacon), 
the lord chi<;f juAiiciJ of ihu queeu'e bench 
nSir U. C'Bilyiil.thfbUhijpof London (Orin- 
^^] ), ihb biahop of V.\y (Cox ), many wonhip- 
~^nl mf-n, and twi^ liuudrvd ^rentlnnan of the 
InoE of Court. Tbescrmon waapraofbftdby 
AJ«aod»>r N()WeU,deaao(8t.PaulV Wh«i 
Goodricb WBH a yoiuv nun, Lebind compli- 
n<>nt«<d liim for bis promlsinfr rirtnea and 
MUt'i^ iLelandi Entvmiifjy. \(M). II9 waa 
one of thv rxt^iitora of Sir Thomas '*°P1^ 
the foundM-of Trinity CoUc^, OxRjrd. Sir 
ipbolaa TbrvKrlituinion. in a IrtLcr wnit«n 
Pan*, in nlliihion totbcdaaihofthwdrich, 
l,iin ■ raiv tnan. b<jtli for hiB ffifU and 
y. His will,dal«l 14 Nov. l->'iO. waa 
on 8 June V>^J (P. C. C. 15. Streni (. 
hi» wif^, Itorotby, widow of Sirdwirge 
he bad a aon Richard, and a daughter 
EUubeth. 

fC<ap*r'* Aiiuott Casubr. i. i\*-lt. i&9, 
CU. atat* rap«n. Dom. lfr17-«). For. IMJ.) 

O. O. 

OOODRICH or GOODEICKE, TIIO- 

illAS. IKl'.^rf- l<V4).bL»lop of Ely and lord 

Egli rluincrllnr of Eogland. wbp a youn^r 

^^of Edward < ioodrirli of V^t KirUiTf Ijft- 

^nriHj«, by his third ^^ if*;. Jane, tol» OMf^ 

Iwmd IwirvM of Mr. WiUtamaoa of Bntao. 

The oarar waa ^noonced aad often ipett 

Ooodrieke, in ip«te of tkm vpignn— 

El hems, at dirra. bene jnnrtaa at «(«lttBa otda ; 

rimj*1i* boBJtas, pom laqa aat ai «pw. 





Thomas is said lo have been a member of 
Kitiff'a t'litlrge, Cambrtdgr^ but was not on 
th/> foundation, and ir ne^av certain thnt htt 
was of Corpus Chrisii Collepp, where bo iv- 
sided with hia rlilrr limthcr John, when h» 
look bis degree of B.A. in IfilQ, in which 

{'ear h« waa sppointvdafellowof J«miis Col- 
pge (Mastrha, Ifixt. C.C.C.C. p. i-gsi. He 
rommenced M.A. in I'il I, and was one of t be 
prodors of ihr; unirmity in 1515. He na» 
admitted to the rectory of Kt. I*el>;r (.*huip, 
London, Iti Nov. Ib'M, on tbt: urekeuEalion 
of Cardinal WolM.-y, as camneaaatory of ihu 
abbey of St . A 1 ban ( N kwcopkt, Rryrrtnrium 
B eet em a 'tieum, i. 5'2\ ). He was oni- of tho 
divinaa coaauItMl br lb« convocation as lo 
the legality of the kitw'a marria^ with Cathe- 
rin» of Anagun, ana also one of tbe syndica 
a]»pninTed by ibrnnivenilTof Cambri'tgi- to 
di'lerminet^atfluanionin I'Vbruarr 1-VJi^ .10. 
At this time be was a doctor of 'litiiuly. 
Soon afterwanU h« oocunas one of tli*- <'b»p- 
lains to Henry V'lII, and canon nf -St. Hio- 
pht^nV. 'Westminster. On A ^Vpril IfnV'l lis 
was pfvwui as uni-of th<r divinw in the con* 
vocation held in ^^i. I'aurii cfi^rter^bouac, 
London. la thu »mc yvmi he was sent to 
Franoe on an aabaasy. Ho was a commia* 
siaoer tat n^briDiB^ the eecleaiaatiral lawa 
in tb«- rvipnn of TIenry VHI aod Edward VI, 
About a year after thed«athofBuhapWett 
the king promoted himtoihtMie ofKly.and 
he was eoosMrat^ at Cfordoo br tbn Arcb- 
biabrip of C«ni«rbarv on 19 Apnl 1&24 (Lv 
Nevb, I'atti, «L Hardy, i. 941). 

His teal for tbe Kefarmataon was nant- 
festnl in !•>%? by his enjonua^f maators and 
fellows of cl^Wt* in th* nnHrtrraity of Cam- 
bridge to pnsaca in the nariih cburrtu^. and 
tbrn^ to srI forth Ui tbf peopU* iha kinir'a 
style of sopnne head of lb« rbureb of Cnf^ 
land , and to rvnomire I be pop* ( t^iTBTTlt, £iW. 
SfanariaU,]. ISH, folio I, In IUI7 hawninna 
of the cfmpilera of what was calL>«t tlia 
'Bial>Op«' llook,' which waapubliabnd under 
tbetitleof 'Tb«(}«llyand Pi'iuslnatitulioa 
of a Obri>lUa Man;' and lorin aftiTwsrd* lie 
was entriLsij^ with ihr (i<»pe| ft Hi J'ibri In 
thi? rvTlM/m of the New TMlamcnt. In I'"- 
cember l'>40h»BMms lo harrt baen Hisrim-tial 
of en«ouis«rinR tb* tran>lali>Mi by TlK-ina* 
WalpiJe and nth*T> of en "pirtbi of Mf-lHr- 
chthon, and tha- | . . nril din-rt««l bia 
■tiidv to tn- ►Min li 1.^, /Vipwi/mijf* t'f 

tju JViiy OotoKii, vn, im 1 

On IM aeenaitm of lidwanl VI he waa 
awotn of thepriryivitinril.and in NoYntnlaT 
IiVlij was appoint**] one of ihn fiynl frm- 
ui«ionrr« furlboTt'tlati'inof tli" .■—.-■-• v 
of Cambridff*. Hoaaniatfl in r': . 
flsat Book of Cquohio I'raym, .-!..- 1. h>i 



Goodrich 



136 



Goodricke 



enooungix) Fnuicle Fliilipiio, one of liU (]»• 1 
p«n(tttii.t*i to traiulate into 1-Veur?h for luu 
111 tbe ChAnn«l Island<> and oWwhi^rc On 
]-^ March 1518-9 Uuodricli wm uttn lo \irv- 
pnrv I.nrd St-ymour of SildelfV for dealli, 
aiter llie WKiruit h»d bivn eunied tor bta 
execution by ^i* lirnthcr ibi; l>utt! i)f Somirr- 
w4. The (luke'p harab conduct indumxl the 
bichopKi join th<' mnlconlfnl!! iti tlip privy 
coonuil vrno wugbt tJie nvertlirow nt tht! 
prot«clar. In 15li* and looO ht> wdb one of 
thocommiiMioncre an»if^<.-d lo iiii)^iiirr'«up<.-r 
hamticft |)mvitftte.' Hooptr, writing to Uul< 
lingBr on '27 Vhc. 1549, rofBrs to Goa^rk-li 
aa OTi« of BIX ur SL'Vtrn Wliojw wlio eompn.^ 
Ii^ndnd tlia reformed do<.-triiie n'luUng lo 
the Lord's Supptr n'ith nn much cl'tHmi'tw 
ftild pit'tT v ttni? roiild iiHiir« ; it»d itnyit it 
WM only thfi fpar for their pToiiprlyltinl pre- 
reiited them from refumiinir iliyircliurchra 
Kccordtnff to llii; rulit of (iiiil'* word (^liokllt* 
bOH, Lettfn reiatiK to M# Eu'iUfh Re/orma- 
tim, i. 72, 76). In IfiW W wa* (m«> af th? 
bUbop! wlio lined to obtain n rAcantnlion 
fi\>m joan Uocher 'n. v.] (NicHttw. Lit. lif- 
mttiH* u/Eitrcard I '/, il. 261 >. Tic ol^dcttsl to 
Cramnur'^ making any conwtMionntolJoo[K'r's 
puntnnii^iil bLTiipli.-^ as to \\w ci.'n-iDODy of 
cnnstfriLlion. Iti NoviiinbiT llj-W (>m>ilrifh 
wiw a[tp<niit<-d ohl- nf the fomminiionenii 
for the trial of (iHniinfr, hishnji nf Win- : 
oha»ter(STBiri'ii,Cnwff(fr,p.323,f»lifi). Soon : 
ftft^nvttrds h* and (^Vanmi-r wf-rc ordcnM bv ' 
the oouDcil to ^lispuTe with George Day [g. v.\ 
bishop of Cliichf*t*r. who wm (irprircif and 
CAmmitlt-d tof loodrioli in ' Christian charity.' 
In May IWI tJowlncU wasappuinttMin com- 
missiouurto invLvst IL-nry II, hinc of Franco, 
with the ordvr uf ihi^ (iiirt«'r. «iuT toCix.>tit of 
till! mnn'mer^ i^f hi» dmifrhtor l-lltKahcth with 
Edward VI ( Bhtih)I>. Ili"(ifutu, \\\. 1*341. 

On 22 Dec. I'Vil thi* an-nt seal, on thtt 
sudden r»tirenit'nt of LorJ-chanct'Ilor Rich, 
wiw givpn into tin- htBhopV Iiandx ni Inn-per, 
Vpon rhi* discovery thai Rich'.i iUn*'*w wan 
pretend)^, Goodriph receivwd the full title 
of lord chnnwlloTon M Jan. IMl-l* (Fo«*, 
Jwtfffmtf Enslttwi, v. 'MrJ}. In the pnrlia- 
lUKiit which mot 1 he n<-xt day the now litur):^ 
•was mad).- the law of the land. Another 
wa« btdd ill March l5o:,*-3. beinR the ]»«l in 
Kd ward's relRTi : and.onnrcount ofthckinp's 
illnt'tw. wait opL'n<.'il in lii^* grvut chaial-LT of 
thf palncf, whetw (iniidrich as fhanci.-llor dr- 
clnn^d ihu caiiM-s of thf muolioK. He wa^ 
appnn'iitly not fomiilti'd li(ion f'Ulwtird'ji 
MltJemen't of the suc^rpiuion, but was iit- 
dnood by tb» Ouko of Nnrlhiimbi^rland to 

?iut tho preat deal to the inHtriini''nt in which 
t was declared. With the rest of the (wun- 
eH h« subscribed tb« undcrtaldnt^ to support 



Uie roral teatament, and he acted on 
council during the nine day* of Utr- T^dr 
Janes rui^i, "iKninK as chaocoUor sevcril 
k-tturii issued by themonherbehalf t,CiinmKJe 
of Qui-rii Jane, pp.Ml, 100). Howaaaceortl- 
ingly one of the priaonurs named for trial u 
trailnrKon theacoeKsioQofQaeen&IuT; aod 
it wa» [H?rlutp« on account of fais bsvin^ 
joined in the order Hot bytlte council on 
'id July, commandtng the Dnlntof Northni 
berl&nd to disarm, that tbe qn^^n Htrucli 
nami; out of tbn lial. The KTeat »eil was 
coune taken from him. Hf did homag« 
Queen Mary on ihr day of hvr coronalin 
and be was permitt/-d to rftam LU bijibopr 
until ht« dimih, which took pkct- at Sotn''T 
bam, IIuniingd.in(.liirf,oulOMBv IV>1. II. 
wan buried ia lily Cathedral, wli&re 1 hftrw i«l 
broaa ntprAJtoMitnip him in biji opisoopal robi 
as lut wore rhi::m aft'-r the Itefbnnalion, wif 
a Ribln in one hand and iht' gtvM. seal in tb^ 
other. Hi.' repaired and adorned t.be epiacaual 
pHlacw St Ely, but alicaaUtl sonw-of tht pn^H 
pt^rtyof thesce. Ilia portrait is in llolb-it flM 

SictureoftbL'KrantofthechanertoBridew^^" 
fnepital (GRiSOER, ftioff. Jlut.of Eiyiofd. 
Olhedit. i. I70t, ^ 

llurnet a»y*. • \w was a busy secular £pirita^| 
man, and had given himMrlf up wholly ^V 
factianii and intriffuev of SlBtai so that, 
ihoug'h tiifi opinion liad alwnya Iwud to the 
Ileforuiulion, il is no wonder if a raan m 
t«nipcn;d woidd prufer lh« Leeptne of 
Itiflliopric bofom tiio dischai^ ofhu n . 
soieuce ' ( Hut. ^ the Ji^omatkm, wl. l*i 
cock, ii. ^i). 

[AntboriUM cited abore; alao Addit. ME 
myi t U«. fiSAO p. 321, £670; Boatbaia'a By. 

El^fi ; B'.'iitcirs Uonamenul UrosBM of 6ac> 
nd, pp. 17-19; Carabridxe Oaadro Societ^v 
Muuiuoentitl ItTwwM, p. IS; CampWll'i Utm 
of the £«rd Cliaiieellors. 18<«. i\. t» ; Cooper'* 
Aihena rant«br. i. 117. filA; Kullcr's Chun-h 
Hist.; Kutler'a Worthi**; Godwin. Il* Prvsoli- 
bus (Richnrdno) ; Parker SodrVy'a PiiMicvUuao 
(geasra] index) ; Kympi-'* Fa^«™, xit. Mt. 4M. 
487. fi2T, 8mit(i"iAutf«Kt»p!i*; SuU« Pap«» of 
Jlenry V'llI; Slr>i«'« Works (jn-nfrnl indea); 
Wbartoa'd Anglla Rncm, i. fl76 ; Wuul'a Alhon 
Us'.n. (BHm), ii. 707-] T. C. 

OOODRICKE, Sir HENHV (Kl 

irO'»l, diplomnlist. eldest non of Sir Jt 
(!oo<iricke (cn-wu-d baronet by CliarlM I, 
whiim he suffered siiviTeIr in estalv duT 
the civil warsi, by hia flrxt wife fail 
rilie Norclifli", wiw Smm 2^ ()c1. li\\'i. 
was retnnied to pnrliann'nt. for Boroujft 
bridifi'. V<irk<(liire, on 7 Nov, lfi73and 
on W March lfi7!^0, TIp first servnl in'tb? 
army, and nbtttiFied the command of i 
ment of foot, which was diabiwdvd in 






Goodricke 



'37 



Goodsir 



H«- wa* BppoiiHw!, 2H Nor. I07H, eotOT *»- 

traordinaty to th* conrt of Madrid. H» tn- 

Blmctione ar? pmit«d mGoodricki's'llUtory 

-ofthnOoodriAcFittuilir/p. 2.V In Jiinr- !(!(«:; 

hp made, un behalf of bbarles 11, an uficr of 

^^ mediation in the war b^twven Fnncc am! 

^B Spain. H« wa«, hfiwfver, MOa aftcrwuils 

^E«xpi-II«<l rmm Madrid, in oooaequencv oftlw 

^B anen- of the SpaniAb tvurt at tlw polu^ of 

^■■Cliarle^ 11. ana Lidi^fd in a oM^boiuin^ 

^B convent (st IIi«ir»)Tiiuteii. Il« returned tJ^ 

^f England in thr AJtowing Febroan-. ile 

waa nclivelv ooncrnw«l in •et-unng \urk tat 

the Phno-'of Oniiqv (\&~i2 Sot. 1'!88; 

Mmoin of Sir J<?An R^rttby, p. 413), and 

was rewarded (2R April )'>«} by tfae [*iA of 

H Iieiitrnant-^'pn(>rKl of the ordoaacv, which lur 

■ k.^ldumil-JtiJunei;(>2. On ISPeb. IA»-«0 

^ElinraAitToniaftIu{[riTycoancil. OnllJaly 

^P IBWh^wasplacadonacotniiuMnananpnintfld 

'^ ta invfMifFiitt' the brharinar of th^ fl<«t,and 

particulflrlT of Admiral ToiTinin'>n- ^bo was 

■acciiN^ of fupinenew in a rrernt mpa^vnimt 

with th>.- Krvneh oflT Ueacby lU-od. He r«- 

prpA^nted Iti-imaghhridge in parliamcot bnin 

l<fiM until his death. His tpweiwi 'm the 

(ouw^ ofV.oTatxuta* wer* n<jt rerr frajnent. 

It werv uiiiiallT brief, pilhr, and to ibp por- 

Ilr dtnd on 8 M9n-b'l7CU-'>,*nd waa 

iuried in tlw family vault at Itilwton, Vork- 

sbtre. Oo')dnckt^ muripd, la UXIH, Mar^r, 

liti^rof Col>>i)>-l William Le«K,aiidaiat«r 

}rg«, lord Uartiuouthiby imm be b^ 

lo iMiie. 

[Wottcn* Baroortac^ "• 2U; BuC. XSS. 

not. 3id B«p. App. 38« a, 6th Itop. App. 321 6, 

I Bap. Ap^ 277. 383. 283it, ZAX b. S82«. 

I a. 430 b. lOJl n. Bth R«i>. km. it%. 1 1 ih K^. 

(pt. ii.) W: Liitl»U't Bvlukifi at 9tat4i 

iMn.t.530. ii. 15. ri.T.iM: ItentKio't Tatit. 

imx, Pitrl lIiirf.rob.ir. v.: C. A. noodhrfcr'v 

Tut. of lli« Onodrick* FaisilT', ISM ; If— niri 

rfUrJohnKcrwIjy.M. Pjutwriirht.] J.Sf. It. 

GOODRxcKE, JOHN ri:a4-iTa(n. m- 

trononur, bom al (iriiniDgpn on 17 Strpt. 

17ftl, wa« the AAeaX child of Henry Oood- 

\»'it York, bv bin ntf», I>-vina lir^janiina, 

iaehl*r of Pet«>r .SeaaW of Namiir: and on 

I rilbt-r'n i)>-ath, 9 Julr irS4, bwam'.' h'.'ir 

hif CTTindfaib*^. Pir John (Joidrificr of 

ibston tlall in Vorlubin, wbo, faowierer, 

imrwl bin). Unodnche p<»m*Kl ]a*tinedib 

grtlon by hi? inre^ticatinnjt of varUMo 

At ih^ mgtf iif eiirlitt^n lip diMrov^rvd 

ri'Hi and law of AlpoV* chanin-». IIo 

ill"* «arlr>«- lipbt "n \'2 Nov. I7P?, 

nh^m-il it nt York every fine nixht 

L'^ I»«. to 12 Mny. Thfiwull* wi-ro 

itnuuiL'ntrd totboK-^alSticitrly iQajMVper 

iiitli^ * A Strirs of <)leiimlion> <m utd a 

Jismrerf "f Lb* Period of thv Variation* of 



the L^ht uf tlv Itngbt Star in the Head of 
' Mt^oM, cnllw] AlfcS' {Pka. TnxM IxxiiL 
4M^; and inannifannl. 'On the P«noda 
of the Chancies of Light in thr Smr Alpd ' 
\.A. Ujtiv. 2q7). His WM ga t ed tfXflanatioa 
of the pbeaamanon by tM iaUrponlioD of a 
LarpB lUdt mtaDiie Aill flndb Uraur. Ths 
nMoii of tha i wici w h wa> ivcomuaed by the 
beetonl of the Copley D«Ial m 178aL 

nia diamrefiea of thr variability ntfK- 
tirelv of S Lyt* and of h Cepb^i dat«<l 
from 10 Sqic and 19 ()et. 1 784 (A. Uxt. 153, 
IXXTL 48). He prn?nvMl the doubla n«r>o- 
dieiiy uf tb« Sormtr atar in 1 2* 11^, a deter- 
ainatiofi rafpudeil by hitn a« m<tn\y provi- 
ROnal iSchiinfeldV period i^ nearly thn;« 
houn loogerV and accnont^d for the oowrvej 
rh n nyw 1^ the rotation on an axi* conaider- 
ablv incliiml tu the earth's nrbit of a bright 
botly mottled with idTwfaJ large dark apota. 
For 8 Ce^Mi h« g»ve a^eriod at ^9" 37^ 
i K/~ too abort), renukxag that aueh ioqtu* 
fits ' mar DrolialdT lead losome YuMer kaaw- 
ledg* o^ the filed stan, eapeciaUy of tbeir 
miuctt niton and Uu ennae of tbeir rentarit- 
able cbangM.' Ooodneke dird at York, in 
hi> tWfliitT-«e«ood year, on 20 April I7H), 
and wu ooriMl in a m^w family vault at 
IlniHin^Qre, YurL«iiirv. A p»nniit of bim 
exiaU at Gillinr riutl«i in the- wm^ ri^unty. 
He wa* aomarri'^, and was eWtnl « fellow 
of the Roval Socif^T foorteeo dava befon? hia 

dMth. 

[a A. Goodridwa HiMcty of the OwdrK^ 
FamDy. p. S8: Oent.>lag.TOL1vi. pc L p-SAS; 
Po^fcodorCe BMSg. Ut. H»adwactcrt)wh : Ln- 
laadc-. Ka Juti. p. M7 ; Watt'* ffiU. Sm.1 

A. K. C. 

oooDsm, JOHN (isii leoT), f.k.s. 

and profeiwor of anatomy in the unitmityof 
Edinborgh, waa boraat .instruther. Flfealurv, 
OB 90 March 1814. Uii fikther mw Dr. John 
GoodAT of that town, sod hia ^raniUalber Or. 
JoUii Llix-Mliir of l,«rp>, a man of marked in- 
dividaalily, who carried on a lar)E;« coutry 
prMriioe, and during the laat tirentyy«u» of 
his life crfBciated a« pmrher In t hr LarffO bap- 
tiata I Tnr liln tuotcnphy and portrait aea the 
Eratt^flif^l .Vtaff.ana Thffl. ^^r., Jun* IB2I ). 
Tlie lamily had been aelUed on the east eout 
of Fife f'lf Mmml K^Mfationii, and w«n atid 
to havK oonu> from Oennany: the aata# wn« 
locnllvjffonouncvdGutcher. Uuodair'pniolbcr 
wa« Eliubfth Tavlor.great^rnnddaiiKhtarof 
GhEi^t i'orbe*. the siMer of Pnncan Foriiea, 
preaidenl of the court of aonuon. From the 
XaatnnboraehoDla be w«a Mot at tlie af{v of 
twelve to eolUg» at St. Atidnrw*. He weoi 
thrauf^ the fonr ynara* coutK; of an*, but did 
not taiuf a dvgrcv; 'at tbi« early period of 



..oodsir 



138 



Goodsir 



hU life he vru fond cf tho study of mwU- 
pbruM, snd imbibed th« doctrines of Colfi- 
riugc, wblcli gBTL' 11 colour to the wbole of 
bin Bubs«queiil thoiiiiLts a.nd spcK^ulstionn ' 
(Obituary in Pi-or. TUty. Sor. vol. svi.p, sit). 
Ill November 18-tO liis fatber, lo save a sur- 
geon'AprcmiumfnppnnlicrdhimtoNiuinirtb, 
an Kdinbur^'li «urKi'yn-di.'iiti»i; the inden- 
tur*i was cancelled at lioodnir's rpquert before 
the legal term, but be ai'uliuui^ 10 ue»ii>t 
NiMinyl.b nnd Look cKiirgi' of tin; practice in 
bis BOflence in IKIJS. At rbi' sarni? time 
he attended Knox's cliw*(;» iti iiimtomy and 
some of tb« university mi^diral cIhasos. ITe 
learned practical surpery from Synit' and 
practical mtdicino frftm Macintosh, l)Oth of 
ihi; 'lUHni-iuural' school. lli» decided turn 
for disMvrtiou ond for mukiiig pn^paralioni, 
citEt«, &c., allmctixl iiutict-. lu IfiSfi he ob- 
tained thu lic«u»v of the ICdinburgb CoUe|?e 
of Surgeonfl (hL' did not takv tho M.D. dc- 
fp»x), and joined bis tuthfr in practice- at 
Aiislnirbr't-i where be spent T.be ncjct five 
■fearB. Hi& first piccu of sciuul iJic work, and 
one of hilt bunt, gniw out <if hjit di3tiUl prac- 
tice; it waa a careful tind i'laboratu memoir 
' On the tlriftin iiiid Pi?vcliipm(Tnl of tbf 
Palp* and Sites of the Human Teeth,' nuh- 
liahod, with fignrefi, in the ' Edinburgh SiedJ- 
cat and Surgical Journal,' Junuary 1 H^tO, but 
read in abi<lrn«t ut tbu llritisdi A&soeiation in 
thf pn^iviiiti-i autunui. It yavL- him an admired 

filare nmon^ Ibo rising'' men of bc^iitnce, for it 
umiBbedK(''in]ir>('utivi- aci:ouiit of tilt! prvotiHa 
of hiimnn dt>nlitlnn. His fiv« yetaa' practice 
at Anslruther wai- varied by rea««rcbes iu 
marine zoulci^-, ^-idog^', and archeology, by 
lecturing now and tbeu at St. Andiawa and 
Cupar, by keepinj; iiji with tlit- m-wt-r writing* 
In anatomy and pby.iin]ogv, and by making 
ft considerable collection of patbolot^ical spe- 
cimens. In May 1840 In? went to Edinbiirfrh, 
and established hini*eir, along with one (or 
two) of his bnithers, with Edword Forbes 
[q. v.], and with G. E. Duv. in u luilf-llar iit 
ifietopof tht^hfumetJl Lolhiaa Str«?i, which 
bM&me WdU known a* 'the barrackit,' and cost 
171. a year. It wan ihv cbi»*f ine"t.ing-pliLc<» 
of ft coHTJeltnnwn ns 'The Universal Brothfr- 
bood of the Friends of Truth.' to which V^ 
longed Samuel Brown, (i^irge Wilson, John 
Hu^ht-^ Itennett, and uthere, ae well aa the 
inmate^ proper ; the club bod been iitart^'d 
by Edward Fc>rbi*» pomc yearn before on the 
model of a Lienu&u DtudcntV club ^rose and 
hlach ribbon across the brr-ast), but had to bu 
leconatituted on a more ftelect and Ifrtt con- 
viviiil foittiiiu. AfTcr about a year of un- 
attached worn Uu^>dsir wtu> app^iinlud (in 
April IWI ) curator of the mu»>eum «f the 
Coll&ge of Surgounx, In which capacity he 



^ve courses of tecturea npon tbe epecimciu, 
tllii«trat«d bvhi»own microMopic nMcapcbea. 
The oripiuil tjtudicei wer« oAerward* om 
municaled to the Uoyal Soci<>lv of Kdiiw 
burgh and othor aocietios. In May |84;J W, 
inuisfiirrwd hia service* to the universily u 
curator of part of the museum, to which •iflii* 
he addfd that of dumonatntor of onalomy 
in 1M4, and tli<! care of the rtut of I 
muMom tu ima. On the death of Mon 
UTliuHin I^U6 lu- Imcamv a candidate for iha 
valuable chair of anatomy, derlarinji lliat bs, 
w(juld yield his claims to no one iu Britain 
t^xfvpt ( Iwtin ; brt wft« eWti'-d by vou- of lb* 
town council ('22 to II), With his appoiul- 
mcnt to the professorship Goodsir became less 
active sa a writer of scienlifU: memoira. Ik- 
ginning wilb bin reM-archev on the growth af: 
tbe tt9(iih(l&3tS},iind ending with his embryu- 
lufcical puperoiilheeupran^oals, lhyr<^td. BixlJ 
thymus sent fo the Knval Society and printed' 
ill thu * rbilusupbico] ^rausaclious,' ItMO, be 
brought out thirtyjMiK-n, most of them Mbon, 
dealing with original paints in developmeBl,^H 
insoolw^'.and in micnuicopic phyviology and^f 
patholofry. Tht' moro important of ibe^^ wt-.r« 
colleeted into a small volume ('Anatomical 
and Farholof^cal Ol)»or%'«tioiu,' Kdinburgli 
ll^l.'^). The volume contmned also two a 
three papL-Tit by bis brother Itarrv Goodsif 
who sailod the iiumu venr with VranUtnV 
lAxiir-dition iim) pi-riahKd with il. Thi»iimall 
collection was all that rioodsir ever pub- 
lished in bonk form, and it w«» mainly on it 
that his reputation for orij^nal research retted 
at home end abroad. Tbt> paper on ' {Tentree 
of Niitriliim' bs* atlinili«>s toac^-rtain part 
of the cell-docirine aflerwarda worked oii5_ 
br Vircbow, who dedicated the iirst editit 
oJhis ' Ce!lHlarPftthn]npc'(lSr,9) to Good-^ 
sir ' aa one of the earliest and most acut 
I obacrvers of cell-life both physiological koA 
I pathol'jgicul.' The memoir on ' ^euivting 
Sfrucliirt*' was abo important, and remaina 
of i nierest still, although liis conclusion ' that 
Hicri-tion ia exncllv the aamK futir.tiim a« nu- 
trition' ifl too much in the transcendentnl 
manner. Other uotowonhy papvre are thoa» 
on the placenta, on the structure, growth, 
and repair of boue, and on tbe omphioxua. 
A subordinate discovery, that of the wrcina 
vf-iitriciili. or vegetable spores in the human 
ttomacb, brotmht him more credit with the 
profejwion at urgv Ihnn his rt'scarchos did. 
Ki# writiiigasubai^iiuent to lt^4i( w«n:« moslly 
c»n tbe morphology of the skeleton and the 
mechanism of the jorulf; his varioua plaua 
fur some great and comprehensive work wevlfl 
never carried out. i| 

On entering upon his dutios a# pmfessorof 
Anatomy hia eninuaiAfim for hia subject aoon 



I 

i 

1 

ub- 
1 it 
ted 
ree 
lart 
oi« 



i 



Goodsir 



139 



Goodson 



I 



ruMMl tht> ileiurlnK^nl from the 8tat4 Into 
which it b>d fulvu in th« iacomp^M)! lutndA 
of Monro wniu*. H^ Utnk great p!*?asure in 
f^itvttytion, twper-iallT in dliplayitic tht> iuu»- 
• liir Avsl^m, He worktd much fiirllM) uni- 
1 ■ r_'irr museum, ntnkin? pivpantions muetl^r 
t'i tbc iDv».'»1'-br»r». lie diMected ihe Honw 
twiM-. mid left written dpscriptioM of tlie 
KiutomT, tvhi(.'l] wt- n- brouitlit out aAsr his 
drtitliUSlnnigfuaTSllHTO). Electric flflbe* 
wt-m »mi a farouritv iiubjcft with him. Up- 
wftrdp uf » ttinuMiid KjiptritiKniit [irewed ov 
himself uid hin a&3i.EtAntfi aro striliiiig vvi- 
denoe of ihc reality uf his w<n'k. He g*ve 
for wvenl yvon a ronnte of summer Im:- 
tuns on tli^ iDTert«brst», t.h« first lo 1M7. 
Ue w&s coiuullcd OD questions of pificicul- 
ttuv Kod s^icullure, and took part in th« 
«XBm<D«iion of Tet«'nn&iT ■tudtnt*. In his 
proper anKlontT l«:tun: be was heard with 
mtvn^t. DM for hi« good tpeakiB^, bat uo 
onxMint of iho numerous iicaB, mggestiMU, 
■ad oomuutttiofi that h« threw out. i(e 
'MfMld ORno expound at great length, and 
with more of eathastaeni ttiaa vrhea Ivctur- 
m§, to a &w ptiiiiU whn stavnj behind to 
pax tfoeetioaa. At tbc uuIb<^ of his ouwr 
M profc— ir h* inlMntlnl to join )rnvat« aud 
boapital surgical practice to hia other work. 
'With ibat end be took a faoD«4> in (J«orp> 
Bquare. and in 1848 applied for the ncant 
Boat nf asHistanl-^urgcua to the iaSnaaiy. 
lit wa* gn-allv disappointed at not being 
elMUdf and told the managers I hat he had 
Wea uiifairlT trvatipd. Aftrr tliiit hi* di^ 
ia«Btic life became camlesa. He removed to 
a nnallffr houae in the New Tuwn, then to 
Triai<y an the shorv of tb«- Kirth, tbMi back 
to Kdinhurgh foraresr and ahatr.andfiBally 
to ICduard Forbes s old cotta^ at Wardwi 
(alflo on the Ftrth), whrre be iprot the laat ten 
jrotti of bia life. Ih saw no conpaay, alept 
AB « Mifa in the midat of hi» papm and pn?- 
paniioos. took hii ntals irregularly, and did 
uMirly MvcrrLhiBs for himieut In Ua later 
Man hia Bstcr kept boiiae fur him. Tbe 
long illnoM of which h« died (waatiag of 
tbfi apina) cord) began in \B6&. Hia hMlth 
vaa completeW shattniYd bf tho gimtDilfitia 
lahotir wbicli ^ lonk upon himaelf in h«- 
toring for the ianUd p ro fa io r of natural 
hutory in the anramar of 1H&3; intt w» «l of 
rMding the old led una be nre an original 
and bniliant course, TeaemMced toD|f after, 
which proatrated htm to nnek that ha n- 
qntred a ;c«rV leare of absMioe abroad. He 
cam* bark greatly act up, hat frll into hit 
old rart-leaa way of living. P'rom that tiiar 
b» had to delegate much of hia worfc to 
feMiatanti. and ai laitt apcnt man of 1^ 
day in the nuaeum, <ru«[A tlw lavtim , 




hoar. When on rliits to Vienna, Berlin, 
and Parin in ibe Tacations bo spent nearly all 
his time in the annloml^Al coll«>cttonsa»d in 
eeekinc out new pieces of ' philoaaphical ' or 
nhysioiogica) anparatiw. Of th« latter h« 
nrou^t uoaH> toe flzst coUection that cane 
to this country, whicb was acquired afUf hia 
death for the use of the pbynologieal labo- 
ratory. TbefavjuHlcfpeeidatiouof hi»Ut«r 
yeara was that ibi> triangle waa the ground- 
plan of all organic forou: 10 this way he 
Miuglil In faring living orgnnUm* intfi thp 
came vipw with cmtals, man being a tetr»- 
bedron. His various papen'On tbaDignity 
of th« Human Bodr'aiMotberinaF|diol^rieaI 
subjects were oollecled, tt^getber with tua 
scientific mcmoin of an enriicc period, in two 
poathunoui volBBUit Edlnbwvh, lHOf*. In 
1850 be iawied the £nt part of the * Aun^ 
of Anatomy/ concUtingof original p*p«nbf 
pupils and otherv ; but tb« snial Mopped at 
the third nnmber. Tlut progreaaivw diaeaaa 
(r«B which he soAmd dDabtlcas pm«ntad 
bin] from Wving more work (apart from his 
muaeum work) in a finiahed stale. He began 
the wintereaaaion as oinial in IHIXf, but broke 
down exhauted, and died uo 6 March 1007. 
He waa turned in the Ueui cenaterr, wot 
to the grave of his early friand Edward Forbea. 

(BSeflafhy b; H. Laoadda, USt. vnAvl to 
aoQd>feAsMa«.llauta.XTolfc,£iUnti..lllM; 
Pror. Boy. See. v«L mn.; Biinb. Mad. Jonn. 
I8«7.) 0. C. 

OOOBSOH, KICHAUH, the eldar (<f. 
iriS), ocgaaiflt, wh offanial of New Co]- 
Im and of Chratcbureh, Oxford ; prooefded 
an».Bae.; and became in 1683 pruGMsor of 
music to the tmivcraty. Uoodaoa died on 
13 Jan. 171^, and wma buried tn the clinel 
adjoinbig the cb<Kr of Chfiati-hureL Hia 
will, signed 17U, made proridoti for bia 
widow, Maij, a daogbter, Ann Uobwa, uil 
tvm snas, lUcWd atid A illiaB, aacl difwted 
that IW. shoaU he tftttt upon bb fuBeral. 

Bunuu OoDsaov ike yaaagar (d. 1741 >» 
pneeeied Mna. Ilae. llrMn CfarwckMrdi, Ox- 
ford, 1 Man-h 17)0; waa ar|Maiat at Onrlai> 
chnreh and Xew College, awl socniwded bla 
btber as prrfwaor of music in I7IH. He 
waealen the SrM ovganiel ofNnwbury, (htwi- 
oea died ni Jaoaanr 1741, and waa huriMl 
OMT hi* hxhtr. He baquMalhrd l/j Cbn«t- 
cfaudl Gbaary ao«« of h is orw n and bu fa t ker'a 
mmnmBifUMf oanfvWng a aervioo, four an- 
ih iwi, tmi mmm ekanU, logelher with hie 
cwBaetioM of ■■«£( aaont aoa* bw artwUe 
left to the Nik ikbooT 

[Ha-tise. a. 7M: Hamn, W. M[ Oflf^rd 
Omiwmm. a. Iw , P. C.C. Mumt «f Will*, 
TswsM. ir«; Cat. of Umd*. BbltolHww* 1^- 
-1 U M. M. 



Good son n 



14a 



Goodsonn 



GOODSONN, WILLIAM {JL 1634- 
UilJ:,'), vicoadiuinj in tLe state's navy, and 
forniMriy »liir>.iwn«r, tLi'^mc to linv* bewi nri- 

?iiiii11^ nf Vfirmoiilli [Cat. fttai^ Paptr*, 
loin. 6tlct. ltS54), where others of tlie nnmn 
iiud of tho snmi) h«»inML9 were ecitltd {ii. 
2B Jan. ym-2). About L031, tit> says in a 
loitpr to Thurloc (24 Jan. ie5S-6: TiiimLOB, 
iv. '1J>1 1, liv l]v«d for Kimt' time ut CHrtu);i?iia, 
on the Spftniah Main, not, hrtwever. Ions; 
enough tu ni^uireajMtrfiH^tkiKm'lfd^-uf tliL- 
Imigiuigie (ib. V. IGl). It tunj pOKnihly bnvt- 
been then, or in other -voTagfts, tJint he gainod 
thi- fjuiiiliurity, which lie cvrtainlr tind in 
liit^r life, with the Spanish Ai-trli'tin'nts. hotb 
in til? islaiiiJii unci on the maiulaiiil. He <!<>• 
acriheji hinnwlf «■• linviriLr l'hUtivI Ih'^ 3<>rvipe 
of the state in 16i9 (lA. iv. l.'jH). bat il is 
(loiibtfiil in whiit capikcity. In I65U he i>n- 
tcred into i\ wmtnict with tin- povrmnicnl 
for th*! hire of his ship, th« IJoiH'ful Luk^ of 
London, and in October iBol was petitioning 
for a liuL-n^i- to traiisiwrl shix-e 10 I)«rbBdo*« 
(C'til. Stuff I'aper*, !)nm. pp. fiOO, .iOl). Hih 
nn-t dixect cuunt't'lLon with tliu nnvy scvidh 
tn have been nn:2'> Jan. 1(U>2-.1, whnii he waa 
appointtKl captain of the Rtitrance, in which 
hi' took piirt in the jjrent fight off Pfirtliind 
on IPFfb. I In 'lA Mnrch howiw movwl into 
tli« Itainbow, in which he served as rear- 
ndinirnl of Tlif Mul^ »qundron in the battles 
of S-S .lull" un'l 39-Sl July, for wliirli, with 
th»oth«>rllH^r-ri|Ii(^er>,he recttiinda^oldcttaiD 
and medal. H^ \n c]joken of [set; HlaKH, 
KoBGHTJ duriri)! tli« winLi-r hk rdminiiniliiiir 
the Unicorn ((Si/,AY/»^ci^;wrr*,IXin).12Nov,) 
and urturwrirdfi tlu^ (fei>rgo(ii. 18 Nov.). under 
Monck, nnd diirin>f ibv HiimTnirr of IQA4i lu 
Tire-admiral of the hlne G«jundron under Penn 
(t'A. .S, 19 Jnly1, cimbininK with thnt em- 
ploymflnl the mori- IiicPRTivu bii^ine^'i of ivin- 
triictorfor the siipplvof clot lies in the seamen 
(lA. 1 Oct. 1664). Towards the end of the 
year he wnw appointed to tli« i'uriigon. n.« 
Tico-adnural of llie mjundron to be sent to the 
Wi«l IndiuH under tne mnintiind of General 
Penn [*« PE!r5(,f?rK Wii.uam], mid hy nnUtr 
of 7 Dec. waa ajwociatM with hinn us com- 
miuioii«r, «o Ihnt in cane of Penn'f^ deatb bv 
mirhf be ca])nhlp of ncling fnlly m pom- 
mnnder-in-cbief (TurKLOK, iii. 11). While 
nf Uiirhadnpjt, on IH. March 16o4-5, Penn or- 
dered the fomiatioTi M ' a refijini'-nl of ee-(imi'n,' 
or, nail would nowberyiUi-J, u naviil brig'ide, 
for fler\-ie^ on .shore, with (joodsonn as ita 
colonel, and Denjtiniin Ithike, Kob'.Tt Bluke's 
brother, afi lifOtemint-eoloncl (PHN'S, ii. 74 )- 
Oil i;i .\pril (io^>d»iinii and his 'gea-ngimont ' 
were landed on lU-ipnnioln with tbr. rMl of 
iht; QPiuy [800 Vt.VABi.Es, IIdbf.ut], and, on 
tha failure of thu attempt to reduce that 




island, were ri»-eaiharkf<d on 3 May. The 
expedition went on to Jamuca, where Good- 
!*oan wiui again landed on It May. Un th« 
I7lb the capitulation was signed: and it 
being determined that Pens with ihts larpir 
«hips should retain to EogUod, (iood-ojig ^ 
waa conitlit ulud admiral una commatider-in^H 
chief of the m|uadron left behind (HI Juiwi^l 
with ordere to ' w(!«r tJte jack-fliig at the 
main-top-maiit head.' ThnParagtin hfinQiMi 
of thfl ^hipH selected to gn home with P'ni^H 
(loodsonn hoiKied his flag 00 board (hi' To^^ 
ringion, and on 81 July put to wa with tbf* 
Njiiadron, and, dtanding over to the inato- 
land, Conk, <>(tckod, and burned .Santa Marta 
(Tiiri{ixiE,iv. 169); but, findinjj- his fon-r in- 
(iiitliciL'nt to attempt Oftrtagena, Ktunied 
Jauiaicu by ih" beginning of Xovember 'I 
refit and coufidrr of »oin« ulbor (lni( 
Ihiring the winter bolli the amy on afc 
and the i>li!ps'eouipaiu>3fi Fiiirerod much 
flickneas {ill. iv, 461). By April, howt- 
hfl WBB able to Biiil for noollier criiiae, . 
making iilmritt uxactly th" tuimi* Tound 
befon', ^ckt>d and burned the town at ibjl 
Rio d« la Ilai-ha, watered ot Snnta Marts, 
again anrlion'd for a day off f'anagrnn, and 
eo returned to Jamaica by the end of Ma^f^H 
Itwoa then that, for mutinoua and irrt^^'ula^l 
conduct^ lu! had determined to bring Captain 
Beajiuuiu JJlake to a couct-mariial ; but, on 
Blftxe desiring to lay down his conmi-vion, 
Qo<odBLtiiii pL'rmitled hitn to do VO, ' partly/ 
AA lie wrote to Thiirioe, 'in ray rMperl tdH 
the general his brother, and aUo to teati^H 
Uie intj-grilv of my luftnrt in b*'ing free fnm 
noAsinn, Ilie cbargu against HIake tie sent 
tiome sealed, with instruction^ that they we 
not to be opfiied till they wew delivered ' 
Thurloe.Hud re<jue>ited that iliou thtyraig 
not be produced, unices' heapiK'firtnaliciou 
aetive in viudicutiuir bimwtf to douravv 
proceeding' (I'A.v. l.'rf; ef. KtAKC, Kobest). 
In August several 'jf the ships, including tlie^ 
Tnrringtnn, wi-Tv fmind not. (It to n>main oQ|^| 
anr longer, and were sent home, OoodMO^l 
hoietin;^ his flnp in the Mnrston Moor, from 
which in the following Janoary he moved 
into the Malhias and sailed for Knglai: ~~ 

whore he orrivird on 18 ,\pril Itifi", beii 

then in very bad health. During the sumiiim 
and autumn of I(}1)7 (toodsonn coiununded 
a Miuadron in the Pon-ns or off Mardyk, And 
in Itl-'W off IJunkirk, co-opnraliiig with thy 
hesieifing army. In the uuLutun. with hb 
flog in the dwif^Bum, ho was vict^admiral 
in tlir flei't under Sir Onorgn Ay*ciii« i'<j. v.], 
wliich iittempiod to was the Sounu, but, 
T)>'iu); unahin to do no liy rea*on of the l>t« 
nPiW of the season and foul weather, Ite 
turned with the fleet, Ayscue remaining 





Goodwin 



141 



Goodwin 



l! 



edflO. In the foltoiring r^nr he wu agun | 
tli« ^tKi ordenxl to the Soujid under 
■it-ral Mountof^ [»e« MoiniTAOU, Editabd, 
i Exat. or S*irDwicn],aiid seems 10 Lave 
>tuioed with Mounts^ till t be Kli9m« for ' 
rwtomtion of the mon»rdiy began to 
iefom. From tbnt tim<' muhinij more ii 
heard of him iii a publii^ capacity, though 
niuitwii is msdt! of him ouurly \liiw yc^in 
Afterwarda »a aiisjH^tisI, on no apparent 
BTOOoda. of <x>mplicity in a ploi lo Kill ibe 
tng {OmL State Paprrj:, llntn. Ifi Pw. IflS:^). 
Br ■ refemnce to him in a broth-^r puritan a 
19II he wfemt to have be«u still aliw in IrirW 
^.V<i/<^ an'l Qu^rw, .trtl dcT, ix. 13M>. From 
he connect ioD with Peim it appears not im- 
Tiroh«Mt- ilial tiieJohnOooi)»oni.ArPLRTOV, 
cyrAffMK/in •ifAmeriarnSwfrapiiif), ' the first 
bn^Jsh ))hy«iciai) that came to Pennsylvania 
unorr PimnV rliartcr.und amoug the fin<t that 
boOKbt landh in th<* province of tJte " Fre« 
SoartT '■f Tradi-fR,"' mar have been \\'illiam 
<JoodjK>ca'# M>u; but w kiiuw uuthing cer- 
tainly of (loodsoiin's &inily or private life, 
cseept liuit hif wifv'e name was Mar^-, and 
that Ailvaur''H on her hit»hun(]'it pnv w<tv 
made to her durioj^ bia absunee at J^amaica 
(CW. Siatti Paprr; Pom, U. Of. UtTjo, 
J7 June, 'Jt AufT. \^*h Thi'kijcib, ir. 458). 

[Cal. Slate Papen. Dom. l6A0-2i Thuiloe'a 
I P.>i<«r^ : Ledianl's Naval Hisiorj ; Qran- 
Pmii'* Uomoriak of Sir WilliKiu Pl^(lu.1 
J. K. L. 




GOODWIN, AilTUUR (1593MH4.S). 
of John Hampden, bi'.iro in l-M)^ or 
waa the only aurriviuc »on "^ <^ir 
in Goodwin, kilt .( 1 5»*- 1 «**)» of UpjMtr 
■Winctieudou, iWliinKhamahirv, bv his wife. 
ElutaU-ih {d. ItBOJ, JaudhtOT of Lord Gn-y 
dc Wilton (PodigRN* in Lasgl£1'. Hviulnd 
%(f Deahomvgh, n. 442 ; will of Sir F. Good- 
win. P. C. C. 73, Sea^r). With Uampdcn 
br ■tufliM at Magdslfn ColK-gf, rttford, and 
with hiA friend contributitl Latin Teises to 
the wllecp collection on ibe death of Henry 
I princ'- > >f "Wn W, «ui it ltd * LiurtiuPo«t bumna,' 
L4ti>, Oxford, I61L'. p. 52. On 10 Feb. lOia- 
' Ion Ik- was Hdcnitted Il„V. {Srxj. 0/ l'nir. »f 
Crf. Oif. IliM. S>c. voL ii. pi. iii. p. 325). 
' Iltr bfvjiuie with llampdro a menaber of tbo 
llnnrr T>-ni|ilf in November 101.? (jVcfnirr* 
{^tdmulUd fo lunrr Titn/.U. I M7-I »», p. 204 ). 
I lie (At fr>r ('(lipping \N'yco[Qbff. Burkiturliam> 
[ahirc, in ihn paTliaaii>atii of 1020-1 oud 1623- 
|16;J4, for .Avl'itb'irv in ibi; name eoooty in 
ftJuir of IdJ.VtJ, and nn 1-1 (hi. 1040 waa n- 
btiim^ for niu-kiiittlMinthim with Ilamplen 
ColleoifiK' {Lift' of Member* iif Par- 
it, it^riat Ifeturn, jtt. i.) Ihinnjrlhi- 
^1 war (rnudwin, likt.- TTampdrn, held ■ 



command under the Earl of Eaaex, and raised 
a regiment of cavalry in Buckinghainfiliire, 
of which be waa appoiniml colonel. While 
he was quartered at Covuntry. Warw-ickahins 
with Hampden and l^>rd urookv, {h"y ilv 
fcatisl, 29 Aujr. ltM2, the Earl of Nortb'amp- 
iCHi in au attempt to fvrcic hia way into 
Daventry, Northamptonahtre. Nartbainpton 
hiiuaelf waa ovize*! by Uuodwin'e troops in 
the tear (A 7'ru* Jietalian uf thr. Mmmer ^f 
Takinjf i^ the Earl ^f ^orthtmjtUm, Sk. 
1542). On a Dec. of tli.- miov year the£arl 
of Essex pav<! inBtrurtiona to Oolonels Good- 
win and Ilinry, (fa«n in cnmp near Newbury, 
Berkftliire, to march with all <)Kvd to the n>- 
liff of MarlboruuKb. WiiiaUiiv. When tlwy 
n-Aohed Martbori-iU|;h tb>- royalietahad retired 
with their plunder, leaving a party which waa 
forck-d lo abandon the place. Goodwin and 
Uurry aAerwarda oontwlled tbrEt: regiraonu 
under Lord iJiffby to abandon Wuntii^' with 
Mtnr lo» of tD(*n and ammunition. Good- 
win visited Anduver, lUwpifbin', whiiv Lord 
GrandLsonwasn-ported to be with tltmetboii- 
MUid bor*« and ancoout (nf. hie very int»- 
reating letter of 12 Ut-c. 1G42, nrint«d in 
MoHBT, Battia ^ ytncbury, 2na edit. pp. 
90-1). Kasex appoinltn] hinn rmnmnndi-r-in- 
cbief of the fbnea of Iluckinjfhamahini^tJan. 
1643 (OarttMS. eiu. t. 106 ). when bv mad» 
Ayleannry hishaadnuart^n. .\1 daybrv^ak on 
2 J Jan. he attempted to storm itrill. Diioking- 
bam^hire, but aft^r Iwo boun' hard tlgliting 
he was forced to fall back on Aylt-nbury ( TMa 

hatr^t tittelHjimce^f l^rintr littprrt' B I'mMvtU 
inij ht y^jrlhamflvnthirr, Ac. 2 Feb, 1042-2 1 
Mrn-Mria* Aulirat,27 *i\A 21J Jao. I&KI). In 
April he took pan in the siego of Ilesdtng. 
' Y our rtgim<nii,' wriit» IlamiKlcn, ' ia of v«y 
great reputation asiou|^l us. When llamp- 
dvu nx.-t-iv'.*d his lata! wound: Goodwin look 
liini lo'fhaiui- and aiiritli''d liia lajit momenta. 
(Uis Imier to his daugbter Jane, lady >\*liar- 
ton, npim Hampden'* death '» luium^ his 
convspondencx' in vol. ciii. of the (.'arte SiHS. 
in tfaeBodleian Library, and haa been printed 
at p. 109 of MoNur'a HaUtt*^ Netobur^. Sod 
i^ii.) Goodwin died in (he same yt«r, )Q4S, 
and wait burii-d ■■ W'jiiburn, nurliinirliaill- 
•hire (l^i-TOLt-r, p. I'W). )li« will, dated 
6 Fab. 1038, vriih a codicil datH m Aug. 
Ift42, was proved at l^ndon on 11 Nov. 1044 
(regiatenKl in P. C. C. I, IUvbts). II« had 
brqueatbeid to Ilanpden ' iwvntie poundas 
as a amal* tokao of my love to my rnillil\i|| 
freind.' Bj bia marria^re witli Jane, tbiril 
daughter of Sir Richard Wenmnn, knl., trf 
Thame Park, ( >xfhrii*hirf, he had an onlv 
duld, Jane (leiB-lOftB), who on 7 Kvpl. 
16S7 barame tlM< second wifn of l*bilip, fourth 
lord WhartoB (leiS-lUM). 




Goodwin 



14* 



Goodwin 



He left particular diructiaiu for tlie foim- 
dittinn nf nix felimiboitaeA &t Waddp^on, 
Rtarhiiighiuiuiliiro, which iho troubl»« liaii 
tireveuted bim Oxtm vrui^lmg in liie lifetime. 
Hi« jHjrtniit, hy Viuiilyck, Iiba been ougrnvcd 
by < iiiiL"!. 

[ Nitl«« itnd Ctiwrioa, filJi Mir. i. 266, »S3, 166; 
Ztua'b CaL of Eagr&v<,'il Puriniu, i. U2; 
Lo(l|{e'a I'Mra^ of IniUnd (AKhdAll), W. 282; 
itiig»inl*» llwmoriidn (if liiuti[>J»n.] G. O. 

GOODWIN, CHARLES WYCLIKFE 
(1817-1^78), Kpyiilulyjfist.was boruin l(il7 
at Kiiitf*i4 Ljiiii, where his faLber wa« a ao- 
Itcitar in targe practic-c. Hu wu tlie oldwt 
tif four ftoiiis 'be i«!r"nti of whura, IInTvuT, 
ifl now hi.ihnp nf <Wlia1<>. He ructnvud 1ii« 
early eduL-nt ion at High Wj<winbf, Buckiiiff- 
)in.iniihiro, unci wbni u nt-boolbiiv of aiii^nr so 
wiw led to tnki> a livflyinttfrfst iii Effypiolo^ 
by reaJiiid an Hrlirle on ' irii^roglypbicB ' in 
tin- ' Edinliuriih R(!vi«w ' fnr Dfloember If^iR 
(eiTouvuiiHly identified bytlu! Bii>b'i{i of Car- 
lisle veith an articla in tht' ' Qiiarterfv'). 
Kiry^tuluL^y btxiiune the favourite study of his 
lift', nn-l during bia sctodl holidays hr wrote 
effiiLVH on ibi* ftnrly liixtory of i''?vpi. Ho ytm 
iiUo inrairly lifti a tun Uebritist, botftnisi, and 
geoloffiac, nn accumjilifibcd Ang'Io-Saxmi unci 
n gooo Opmiiin nchnlnr. I» iHItl be wim i-ii- 
tcn-d (It St, CAlJiaTin(>'s Hall, Cambridge, 
taking hia B.A. degree ^^-ith hif;;h i-lossinil 
hoDoun in l8>tti. procLVtling M.A. in 1642, I 
and l>(!tni; aO'-rwordK ek^uti^d a fellow of 
hi» (xillvgi" (Joodwm bad intended t<i take j 
ordera, hut bia viaws undergoine a cluuieQ ! 
hu rueii^nud tii» fiillowslup, wbich wa« only 
ti^nable bv n i-lerftymnn. In 1848 he was 
called to ihu bar uC, Liuuolti's Lna, uud d<>- 
vot^i] himu^lftollitiMncunffesial study of the 
law. In the esme yi.>Br be published 'The 
Anglo-Saxon Vcriion of th« T.ifn"f St, OtiHi- 
Ittc, hermit of fViwIand. IJria^nally nv^tr- 
ten in Latin by Felix (commonly called of 
Ori9wLand). ?iijw first printed from a MS. 
ill ibu OuttORLoii Library. With a trunela- 
tion and notes,' cliioflyp-ammatit^al and phi- 
lolnj^icjil. Hu lind for yeara contributed to 
tli>^|i>iiblirntiimMi>rt!ieOuu)bTid^ Antiquarian j 
8ariety, when in 1^>1 hu cditwi for it ' The ' 
Anglo-Saxon Le||pt*udij of St . Ando'w and St. , 
Voronica . . . witb an Kntflisb trajM^lutiou.' 
For Cbo ' CambridgB Essays for 1*5^ he wrot« ' 
the Taluable disquisitiun «n 'Hit-mtij; l*a- | 
pm.'his lln*r notireahln contribution to KpT|>- ; 
tology. '["hi» wa« followed in 18r>9 by tlie 
anonymous rcpublicatmn from \hi! * Law Sf a- i 
giu!int.''<jr hiv'Curiositieaof LaWg'cotmsting 
of trfinslated extract* from doeda of grant of ' 
rariL'UH kinde in fuvoiur of a moat»twy ucar I 
Tliobea iu Egypt, written in Coptic, of which 



Ooodwin was a diligent atudent. In 
be oaiuiwd a wider repulstioD by his f*^, 
' The Mouuc Oonnogonj,' in * Eesavaand It*- 
vitwc,' to which he waa the only lay contri- 
bnlor. TbiaplBin-epokeneaaaTproduDedfin 
or t^is A|)ecinc rrplir«. nnt oi tbcm by Pn^ 
fi!»[>r ) oun^ of Ileifaat, to m>n^ of whi^H 
doefi Ooixlwin evom to have made any i^ 
joinder. According to Ihv cat«Iogui* (^ tb 
Britifth Xuseum liorary he saccefMlml Mr. 
I John Morlcy an the last editor of the .tecond 
aeries of the 'Ltli-rary ()axxtt».* Hr corloinlt^H 
edited thu two volumect of the ' I*arthi*ni)ijH 
1Hfl2-4), with which the ' Litcrarj- Ciazelie^' 
was inciirpomied, ipving prominence in it to 
Egyiil<iliipi.-)il subjecte. In May l8tW at a^ 
meeTinc of thft SoctiJtT of Anti<)uariirs. uH 
which Uuodwin sentsereralcoDimunicatiui^H 
iiu tlmw sitbj«rta, he replied to SirlivOfS? 
Comewall I^wiss aoepticiam, expressed ui 
IHTson, as to the pof»iuility of interprxitiiu^l 
The nnciL'nt E^'ptian by arguing thai ('<iptj^| 
was in agoie do^rv* a cHiliuuatiun of uiat 
languagD. Various ooutribui.tonit of (lood- 
wiuV, ciiit-fly Egyptological, apj>jared in tl^^B 
second series of Chaba-i' ' .McJtingi*^ Egv^H 
tologiquwr,' |«{4. ' "^ 

III .Mnn^li IS'jriUoodwin was appointed a»- 
sistant judtfe in th<^ newly rn>aii-<( .iitprenj^H 
CDiiii fur China and Japnn. A paper whic^| 
he contributed to ' Frascr's Mapizine' fy^^ 
February of that year wn» in 1?66, after 
his de}iarlure to the Kaat, sn-p&mti'ly tKsiwd^ 
( Mr. LePugv l^'nouf correcting the proofs I «^| 
' The Story of Siineba. un IDgyptian Tale ^H 
FourTbousaud Vearsago.tra[i.-^iti'(1 from th« 
Hieratic Text.' It was prefaced hy anwlmin^ 
ble aummnry of the bbttory and irhrnmiloKy 
ancient Egypt in connection with I be pruvioi 
devi-lnpnii-nt of iljt vani-d civilisation. IJood* 
win execuTml bin translation from the fac- 
nimlle of the original papyrus print i>^l in 1860 
in Lepslus'i ' Denkmhtcr Aepvptens." Ilia ver- 
sion was read before the Socit^ty of Antiqua- 
ries in DeCeuibiT 18(1.1, the month follow* 
iiig the publication of another v«reion br 
M. Chnbas, both of tht-m luieculwl aimnf- 
tanoously, but without concert, and. t' 
not ident iivil, eirmnng in nil ■•HM'nt-ial poinli 
For tho ' Records of tli.i Post ' Ooi^win n 
^ isvd hij) venion of the ' Starr of Saneha 
nndotberaofhialrAnslutionsof tiTt?Tat]clex 
In 1868 also appeared ' Voyage d'nn I^ 
ti«n vn Ph^nicie, «i Palestine, &e., au X 
Hif^de avnnt notre ore, d'un papyrus du Mu- 
R^e Britanniijue, eomprciiant le facsimile du 
text/> hiAratiquo ct sa transcriptton complnti< 
en tif-roglypnes et en k-tlrcs copt««. Par 
F. Chabua, arec la colUbdration d« C. W, 
Goodwin.* InhiaosMyon 'Hieratic Papyri 
I3oodwin had translated tbe Gnt eight 





Goodwin 



M3 



Goodwin 



ofUii**^rh> Cii«liiu'«p>Aka K»tbuIua■^icaUJ 

.-of Goodwin's tiibnura in hientic w haviof 

rtfecied ' n ^t^nnineivvDlution in tti«acH>ac«. 

' ag his rvAi<1''nc<- in tht Kaat he worked 

Inoudjr al HlfTpinlnffT, oootinaiog fnv 

rly from I*«<1 to isfftthc cnntributionn 

[to Irfp«iu« And Tinigwii's 'Zeitsrhrift fur 

)li^|>ti*(^b« Sprache,' which be h»it lM>^in 

Vfoiv Icflviitf; EiifrlAtid. Communiraiioiut 

I from bini wi-n* utiliMd had acknowledgvH by 

' 'Cuion Ooo)i in hifidisquiiilion 'On E^^ciui 

"Words in tliv IVDUiU'uch ' iit toL i. pt. i. of 

I ilu> *Sp«ak«r'fi ComtnentAry ob the Bible,' 

]«7I. 

AA«T twinR i^r^nil jMars Kt Slianchai 
OnodwinwwtnuiA&rredtoTakohjiiOK.wlim 
jlwfpeDt three yrare aa actiHg judgi- uf tb^ 
[•iipncno court. Ilr' rvtAimvi thU praitinn in 
I8^0iPbeu herelunied toSha□f!h4kl,atldh«r«- 
lIUUIled1hen.<', nTi«ir toKnj^lanil inf^rr^jiinfr, 
unlil his dt'iitb, »A>*r a long iilntws, in Jauu- 
arv It"**. 'Vbe event caua«d the deepest tv- 
fp^-t Atafuig the Brici#b midont* At Shanehai 
•ml Vokuhama. rioMlwio had undeared him- 
M-lf to all hia frtcnda as a deliffhtfu] com- 
panion, L-bK-rful and unAfliKWa, bis great 
iic<|uirrtn>!uts biting unacconpooied by the 
uli^teet trmee of pedantrr' or prKteDAion. lie 
-vrw fond of miMic^ of whicb hr had studiMl 
B tbf tluxvTT, playinjr nn roore than one instru- 
^B in«Dt. lie IS understood to hart* bci-n for 
H^tf&n tbr mtutcul orilic of the 'Guardian,' 
Hand to have conmbuied to the 'Satordar 
" Bamew.* II«- wa» the author of at Imat two 
law books: I. 'The Sucec««ion l>ut)r Act' 

r(10 md 17 Vict. c*p- 61), with introduction, 
notoa, and m appendix, cootaininf; the Le- 
picy Oiity Acta Ifr'iS. 2. ' Tbw l*rttctico of 
T*rr*bHl«- and Adrainiktralion undfr 3] and 
i;l Virt. rap. 77, together with the etAlutc- 
and appenilix.' IBoS. 
^B I i'l I Nntod OB Onndwin by th> BiiAop 

■ of ' Athniunn for 23 March 1878 ; 

■ Obii..r.i . :..<«tn Acactony Aw 16 March 1878. 
^B ami in tbo .'^luui^Mi and YoluihaiiM upm <if 
Vjatiuarv 1878: Foreign Offlcv Lial tor 1B78; 

ptfwionl kriiivittdce.] F. K. 

IOOODWIN,CTnRISTOprtFn(jf. 1 W2>, 
tKU.'t. WM author of 'The Chaunce of the 
iVilomufl l»ver,' London, by Wynkyn do 
Wordc, ITiJO. lio, ' a UwcniahleMory with- 
*iut patbiM,' writMi >\artoQ. A more in- 
tarrcatin^ prixluction is ' Thv nurdone drvnui. 
CotapyleuandiuidebyCbryttorerOoodwyn. 
in thr \*^tf i»f our Lorile. MCWCClIij..' iJoa- 
don,* by mo Kolwit Wytrfor liiebanl Bankos.' 
The o«ly cnyv known biT]oiii(t>d to llirber. 
Il la in M'Ten-UncAtanxa^: in the ronchiding 
•ttinxa thefonrwiiH«'('itr%>l,''offre.''frood,' 
and 'wyn' (forming to^i'tlir-r lh« author'a 
I ttAiBc} we mlroduced into dilTervnt linea en- 



dnwd in brsckeU. '^'■rtoa describe! the 
s'cond vifce as ' a tibuui without imaffin»- 
tion.' A young Ud^ ia supposed to luien 
in a dream to * a dupate Detween Amour 
and SbamehoedDCM for and against lore.' 

In lo7l.'ChristopberGoodwtDor floodwyn 
and John Johnson propoa») to Qne^n Eluo- 
beth'a nuni»t<in to convert Ip««ticb into 'u 
tnart town/tnordertodrawlbitherihe whole 
trade from Antwvrpi Mneb of the promoters' 
notea and ooncapnndrnce with I,ord Bnr^- 
Ivv, Sir Tbooias Smith, and othpr^ is in the 
IWord OtBc^CnL Stafr i^/«T», IWr-HO.pp. 
447-S): sod among IjorI Oalthorpe's manu- 
Muiptu is ' N dnvif* ' on the same ssibji-ct by 
the ?ame anihon i Ifitt. .W.S.V. C-Mm. 2nd 
Ilflp. p. 10 1. It i* donbiful wheiber ibiaCbris- 
topbrrCioodwinicidi-ntical with lltr poet, but 
the identit V oramae toggetU kin*bip,and4ik(i 
the povt, thr Ipswich projector uMialiy »p«-llit 
bi» namf ' (toodwyn.' 

I Wartoa '< History, p. «81 : Coltf eKs BiU. Ou. 
i. 318^ Hfbflr'i CkL ed. CiilKer.' p. tlliRltsoB's 
Bibliiifnipbn Portioi; TantHr'a Kilit. BriL ; 
AmtA'sTypogr.AntJ^.i Haclitt'*DiUiogni{>hiaiI 
CoUectiaw.] S. L. L. 

GOODWIN, FIJANCIS (17l*l-lK35l, 
architpct, was bom iS Msy 17^, al King's 
Lynn, Norfolk, aa4l bo<nioe a |>*>pil of J- 
Coiedge of Kifosiogtou. lie exhioited in 
the Royal Academy in 1^06 an 'Internal 
\"urf of St. Nicholas' Cbapul, Lynn,' aflw 
which he appeara to have devol«d hima'^U to 
the study of his profeacton. and from lfJ23 to 
IKU <-xhibitf«i twcnly-rhre« drnwing* nuulo 
for competition or Jttr his executed work«, 
which werp chiefly in the pointed ntyle. In 
1^21 h« built thochnrchat Wnn Bromwich. 
which was lus first cmpleted Ktrncture of 
the kind, and in rhr somf: year a citapcl of 
•as* at PorUKK, Hamp#liirc, a tujv church nt 
Aafatoa-ondct^Lyni-, and rebuilt ifar [MhaJi 
chnrcli at WaLsall, with th>.'>.'xct>pli')n'>f the 
Hpirr and rhanocl. He wua iicrttpirwl from 
iHlM to 18^4 With a church at Kiddcrmintl^T: 
in l822,Hdd<>dth<<steeplatoSt Tei'jr's.Man- 
thMm^r; in 1823, the tower and fjiifi' to Rt, 
Paul's, Birmingham, and rooipleliHl Trinity 
Church, Bordrfl'-y. Rirminghnni, « vi^w of 
which was publiidicd in the ' ijentlcman's 
Magaiine' for 1827. In 1824 h» built ll.dv 
Trinity Church. Burton-oti-Tr»'fi( ; in l**i6f 
Hi. Jamn's, Oldham, J^ncn*hin<; antl in 
lHt», St. Paul's Chapel, Waliuill of which 

rlans and aections wcit' publiabed in Ttcm's 
ModemChurchM,'|K||. From ISSnio lHi7 
lie«aaenK!tingHt.John'«. Derby; from IN^H 
to IR39, 8t. iitHtTftt'\ flulmri, ni'ar Mancbw* 
tcr: and in 18-10 he completed Hi. Mary's, 
Bilston. He also rebuilt the old otiurch at 



Goodwin 



'44 



Goodwin 



BiUton, and b naition of St. Michael's, Soutli- 
umpUm. Hodcsitfnfjd the town hall and kk* 
Krnibl}' nkotn*, Muiu'lif-ftcirihiiiU lj«l w«en 183^ 
HDd )Ht!<^,ihi> interior of which was toffnrded 
UN his chef d'witvre, aud wng ••nCTftvM M a 
front i»pii?ce to vn1> it. of \ua ' Knral Archi- 
t^clnre.' Since the erection (l(SfK*-77)or the 
New Town MiiU, by Mr. A. "Watcrhouae, 
H.A., OfKidwin's building in King Street liaii 
bpon used &.<i thi- l''rw Kdlcreocc Library, 
Within l\w liwt fi-w ytMn the removal uf 
the ate{>» from ih« Btreet to Lhe porlicofren- 
ietvd udviBuble hv the inon.'aM>a tralEr.) has 
nithitr diKti^unid tiit; aptiixuKrh tu thr biiilil- 
itig. The town hall ana osAemhlT roomH nt 
Mouclm Held wen er»ctudiiniK-r hisdintction 
between IH2» nnd )i«2-1.«.Dd in 1S2.1 he com* 
msBced thu county gDol at Derby, one of the 
be»t ftnd mottt. commodJoiu ))ri»on« in t he king- 
dom at the time. He nn-otud the mnrkot At 
Leeds, 1824-7, and that ai Salford, Manch?«- 
t«r, 16^5. Tho cRch&iige at Bradford was 
buUt JVom higi dueigiu, lUiV. Among hi« 

Sirivate works were Liaoadcll, co. Sligo, for Sir 
{. Gorv Booth, hart., viuivs vf whicu luv va- 
gnxM ill hill' lliinil Arrhil<!Ctun-;'aii Italiaii 
TilU for Ih-nry Gore Booth, oeq., Ciillamnre, 



StnftbnJKhiri', for 1 1 . itivdv-m, i^. ; and a pai^ 
BODHKH in tlm (iivciou istylc for thu livv. ^V. 
Leigu ai Itil^tou. In ulimnsl overt competi- 
tion forubuildiDgoruii)itu|K}rtaiicc!. drawing 
v«tv Stint ill by Uuudwiii, in the urvparutiua 
of which hi? spared uncxpeuAi.'. He dcjigitt'd 
II 8i:htim<> fop an oxlt'iisivH eenii-tery In the 
vir-inttv uf tlin ini>tTi)pn1i», with buildings 
from tlio he«t exflmploci in Athens, and 4>x- 
hihili-d liii drawings K^atuttously in an office 
talien for rhi^ pnrpotiit' in Parli«mt'ni Street, 
In J833 hw plans lor the new lluuc« of 
Common? worw pronnunrcd thi- bo^it of those 
aoni in, diid were ordered by the ci:imsiitC4>u 
to be printed, and in 1HL'4 a dnaicn fi>r an 
'Intt'ndeJ Huinivnsion Rndgi' at llun-^ferry 
lload, prcijivti-d by (Jftiil. S. Ilttiwtii*, H.N., 
sod ¥. Goodwin, Architect and Enginefir,' 
vnn approvi-d by thtf tiroviiiicinul committee, i 
In \t<h\ he was ut Rplfas! preparing di'.tig^niit 
for additions to the college, inclnding a mu- 
H'Miii, iind h1«i for h»thi in nnbiin, but these 
were never eneouted. H<^ died Mudd'^nly of 
apoplexy on 30 Aug. 1(>S6 at his residence, 
21 King Strw't, Portnan Square, while cn- 
giig«d on a net of de«igii)) for th« new huufi).'s 
of pnrliament, (uid wu buried in KenAal 
Grei-ii ccniflrrv. 

He ].uhlifihe^ : I. ' I*lan», &c., of the Niw ' 
HftUM' of Commons.' 1h53, 2. ' Domee,- 
lic Archit'^'tui>-,' Ut rvr., LSlS; 2nd ser,, ■ 



1834. A SMond edition of th« work ap 
in 18-% under the title of ' Rural Arnliit* 
tnrp,' with supplements to each )f«n*.'s at 
tilled ' CottagK Archilecttire.' 

[l{e<i];rare'ti DicU of ArtiaU; Diet, of AnU^ 
teitare: Oraven'a DtA. of AniKU; GoudwiaH 
Ittinil Arcbttotlun ; Omi. Mag. IN'27 pt. li. [)| 
2ni-3, I8SA p. 050; AirliitwUiral Mag;uii 
1834 p. U8, 1836 p. 17B . Olew'B WaImH. 
20 ; I(titt«Trorlh'» Slockp.irt. pp. 3», 40 , .\x'jo\ 
Annals of Uanch««(«r. pp. IM, 172; Cortii»h'i 
MnuchcciM', pp. I", 4S. 39; Cwanh'fi Birmme- 
hn.111. p. 87 ; JcwiTI's Derby, pp^ »8, ftl ; I^nxWs 
L«d>S i. 236; JtooTMs WncBromwich, pp. H. 
16; ^uiao's Lonostor. IHSfi, li. A76 ; Koya) 
AiVkdcmy Kxhikition CalAluguM ; IJntr. da. of 
Boulwou Art ; BriU Mu. Cat. of rrinl*d Boika.}.^ 

B.P. S 

GOOnwm, OEnnfJE (jJ. 1C-20). Latin 
vtTM" writer, was the author of ' Mi-1i«M rpli- 
gtiiiit!ipoMlific«! ejii.sdemqiie ap-jtrop*?; etegiis 
deoem. I/>nd. 1620, 4t«. dt-dicAtod la Sir 
Robert \auntoD. An Cng'tlxh trnnHlation, 
bv John Vican, appeared under the title 
oi" 'Jtabel's Bwlme, or thu Honi-ve"mbe of 
Itome'e H'digion, with a veat I>rmiuinjc and 
iSlrainingoulof the Kammisb l!on-'y thereof: 
sung in Tennt^ montclegnnt Klivit-vin L«tin» 
by that most worthy Christian Saifrist, 
MssltT (i""t>rKe Owmlwinne, and Iraiislateq 
inio ttrn Fnglitih SutvTea by tht' MttMS* mc 
unworthy ecoho John Vtcacs,' Lend. 1634 
•it-n. Uoodwin wu also author of another I 
of Terse*, wliiob vx'tn only in tbo form of 
ft translation by Joxbua tj'ylvesl^r, entitled 
* Atitomiicbin, or the Sclf-ponflict of a Citric 
lian, from the I.*iin of Mr. Geurgu Uoodwta * 
(l«3a?J. 

[Brit. MuB. Libr. and Bodl.Libr.CatAluaM.t 

A. y. ■ 

GOODWIN, JAME.S IGNATFIT 
(ltS03f-lf!*t7>,jesiul, liorii in Somentoiidiii 
in or about ItiOS, ait«r making his humanit] 
course at St. Omcr, wm< Mni in 1621 for : 
higher course to the HngUili CnHrgt- of l.h«1 
jcMiite at Valladolid. lie wasprofHsa^of 
the four vowb '2ri Mun-b !tHr>. For tw»«aty 
years (1631-61"* he served the tni-viioti!* ii "^ 
the * rifidenwof St. SUtiixW,' which include 
T)QTonfthireandComwall,andAnb!>i.'>i)ni-ntlyhl 
was appointed pn>fe.v«r of moral thenlo^J 
and i-untrnversiy at Liege. Relumingto Ihi^ 
country he died in London on 'id Nor. 1667J 

He wrote: 1. ' Lajiis LTdiut Ooutro 
siomm modcmanim Catholir<>4 inter et A 
tholicos' Li8«e. !*'''>"■ :Mmo, pp. -JiRf. 2. ' Pil 
Exercilrttio JDitini .AmorJs. Li^ge, If"" 
L3mo. 

[I'oW'i Beoords. T. 673. Tii. »«! OHW^ 
Jcroit CollMtiOBit, p. 106; Olivrr'a Catbolie 








Goodwin 



>45 



Goodwin 



I 



&|i|b0B in OotbwkII, p^ 913; SonUivali'* BibL 
SraipianuD Sov. Jem, p. JM; Ot Knckw'aBibl, 
d«8crinuiM doUCoiBpagiiMda Jikas,t. SJtK).] 

T. C. 
GOODWIN. JOHN (15»tM0tt5). iv- 
pubtican dirin^. ma bom in Norfolk about 
1IJ&4. Hr w» v*lii(.-)it<.-d at Qui-i-tu* &.'llugv, 
lWnbri<l}[«, ^n^duAt tn^ M.A. and obtaiuinv & 
fellowship on 10 Nov. 1017. Lairing uie 
mirwnutjr in cntiMM^Ufmir of hig marriaj^, hi* 
taafc<Krden,ui(ibeaune|iopuUru a preacher 
IB bis natrnt ctMinty st lUynhun, l^jnti, 
Tunwut}!, antJ Norwich. Y'nr « timo h*- 
MeOM w h&ve i:>Sciaied at St. Mary'i, DoTi>r. 
In IA32 b« c»nH> to Lontlon, and oa 18 Dec. 
}C33 WW iuitiiDt^l 10 thv vicanun of St 
Stephen's. Coleman Street., vacateO by tb« 
■imeaiiforniiiit oc-nvMOn of John DsTanMit 
[q.T.] Ji« aided witli thi; |iuntani>, tma as 
earlras 1633 inclined to independency iindar 
tlw 'influeactf wf Juhn Cutton (1&86-I6iti'2}. 
In l63JS)M«aaootivhii<^f<>rl>reachofcanaait, 
bat on bis promise of ameDdment Bbbop 
Jniim took nofHTlhifr proceeding*. In Ifw 
Ooodwin hmarhi^d fmm the pulpit of ft. 
'"" — ihpn'f his opininns nnjiuttilical ion (which 
piren offence at Dover), l«kin|^ a tipw 
irhtc^h wa* olivadT n*|{ard«t as practically 
Armmian, thouf^ ho always nutintoincd hi5 
aid«peod«nce of th« fj'item of Armiuiu«s 
whI cited Calvin a> bearing him out on aome 
points. A warm pulpit controversy with 
oUiercity miuiatenon tkift topic wuitavKd 
by Juion's interffirvnc*. all pariiefi a^fTeeinj; 
to deetst. Nctl y«ar (ItI39) Goodwin an- 
pTrd hto opponent* oncw byintiating'ontlke 
newl of a learned miuistry, Jiixon r^orted 
to Laud t!tat h^ did not dMpair of a Rood 
imtM>. (IvKulwin had a hand m draftinf^ the 
Lmndoa clencal peiiiioo a^ainm th« new 
ouums nf 30 June 1H40. Aldorman Isaae 
P«nn>n^on (afl«rward> clotwly oonncctad 
with thir qoakcrs) was coo ofhiiipaiishioiwnf 
nnd jumvd hia wn^nro^l^tional sociffty. 

In lASO UoodwiB vrot# a prvfaee to the 

Chiunona flermons of tlenry Ramaden. 
in|i the nvxt two years he publi'li^ 
Mwirai sermona, and an eief^tiral tract 
<ld41) criiicisinfr the pontions of GeoiKe 
Walker. B,0,. of St, John"*. Wntlm? Street. 
Walker rclonvd upon Hoodwiii and others 
with D charev of Ssrinianiain in the arliclw 
of JuAiification. (ioodwin d«rend«d bimwU 
(I&«i'> in ' Uhriat Mt fonh,' and in a treatbe 
Aninatiflcfttion. 

On tho appual of tbv parliament to mmu 
Goodwin was one of the earlieat elehcol Mtp- 
nvtoraoftlwdemoGxaiicpurituu. His' Anti- 
Caralirrinnr ' (In4l') pmrlaimH on it« my 
litlf^page thfl nei^l 'if war to aapprem ihe 
party ' now haB)m«nnfi( England to make an 

TOL. XX tl. 



Irvland of it.' The loyaliM dodriae of the 
dirinf! rif^ht of kinn be asaailed in hia * Oi 
Oworisnum, or a Bone for « Rishoo,* i.e. 
firiftith Williiinw. biiiht^ of Ossory (^I&ta). 
With etjual vigour bi^ attacked thvpreiby- 
tenans as a pereecntJ n^; paHy in his 'Bn^ 
fijiXUi, or the grand iniprudr-nce of . . . fight- 
ing' >cun>t God '(ItU^,:^ edit ions). In May 
1*^ bdwas tweeted fmm biit living for i»> 
fu.iing to adnuniKer indiseriminately in bia 
Dahsh the baptism and the Lonl'l Supper. 
S'vttiiug daunted, Goodwin immediately aet 
up an indt-pi-ndent church in Coleman Street, 
wliiebbad alargv following. William Tiiylor, 
hi* ap|MMnt«d »uc«ruor at Ht. Stephen's, was 
in hia turn ejected in 1640, to be restorvd in 
1657. In the iotorim f Jouilwin ubiained the 
use of the chnn;h, bnt with a diminished 
reveaoe j be wtimatA his loss in 1054 at 
l.nOTtf. .\mr.ng his be«rers at this period 
was Thomas Firmin [s*v-]> '^^^ ^*'°^ down 
his sermons in shorthand. 

Thc'Oangnwia' (16 Feb. IfrW^of TbomM 
Edwards ( lS0»-iai7 ) [q. t.1 inclndwl Good- 
win among the mlgecis of attack ; in tbo 
second and third puis, poUished in the sama 
year, Edwards was prorolccd into yet more 
taragc onslaught* l^ Goodwin'* snoDymona 
reply, bewing: the stinging tilk- ' Cret«nsis.' 
Goodwin is 'amonstroutMCtary, a compound 

^-.fW....;..i.«;»Tn Apr«;ni««;«M_««llnniiiiiini«mj 

independency, popery, yen and of seept icism.' 
Zle sod wveni <H his chorch 'go to IkjwIs 
and othtr sporU on days of public (banks- 
giving.' Goodwin, by nif ' IIagi'nns4itix, or 
tbeScoargeoftbeSaints^(16l6; i.(?.Janunry 
1647), cnme into collision with Willmm 
Jenl^, vicar of Christ Chnrcb, Newmt«, 
whue 'Testimony' was endorsed (H Doe. 
1047) by ftfty-«ijpt prvabytehaa divines at 
Sioa College. Sixteen mcnbors of Good- 
win^ cfaurcb iseoed flAf?) an 'ApotoK^itcal 
Account ' of their rauona tat sludin^ by 
him. In answer (I&UI) to Jwkyn'i com- 
plaint Uist pmtbyl^tiaM were pwt ' under 
the crOM ' bv the ex istifnen of aMlaries. Good- 
win asks, ' ts not the whole Kngliih elnin^nl 
of church livings offi»rrd up by the Stats to 
their service!" Jenkyn was aid«i by John 
Vicar»,uAhcrint'bristCbBrrJilI<Mpilal,who 

rnblished (ltU8> an amusing dtMcripiiun of 
Colenian-atreiet-coDelave' uul its miniat"r, 
«tbism'jitbugeGBrtnntaa,'tbn'*rliiamaiies 
ebeatvr in cluef.' Tbiioofitaina a likiiinssof 
' noo>)win lengrav^ liy W. Itiehardsun ) suita 
I nouot™! by n windmill aud waatbereoi^ 
'prids'and'enoi'supplyingiliebrwmi. Oood- 
' win's cnreor is. bowevor, rsmarkabtn fur r«o- 
sbrtenry. Hr iTanalaUd tad printed (Mar<-b 
\m^) apart of the ' 8t«l«g«nata .Sai-nw' 
i of Aoootius [q. v.; nndsr the UtU ' SaUn'a 

It 



Goodwin 



146 



Goodwin 



Strncogtms ; or tlu I>e^i^i Cabinet-Councel 
discov^ndt'ivilh ncominfndiitorv ppistlM by 
hia»*^lf uid John Durie (IfiOfl-ltiSO) [(\.v7] 
Acontiufi, whoBo brL<iid tolerance rwom- 
mendod him Ici tlit> t-nrti<T purilanx (m« 
Ahbb, pmface to Pu-ntatiumun Anoiirtrniu. 
lOlU), wae now xtitfinal.u»«<d bj suet writcni 
na Frojiri* Cheyndfl [q. v.] u & 'sneaking 
SociiiiaD.' Cbeynell sought in vain in tliB 
Weatminster \nttmh\y ut o>itdin n con- 
dBDinDtioa ot QiwdwinV book, but printed 
(1650) his UiOUgbtA about it by ruqwosl. 
Tber« «u a CrasL wlv for llio IranKliitiuru 
-nrhicli wax reisau^ with a d«w til le, ' Uark- 
aess DiflcoTerud ; or tb« Dovile seerei 3tral.ii- 
gems Inid op«n ' (1051 ). 

Onftdwin defended the most extreme 
measiires of Hiv armj lc«(Ivr«. In his ' M igbt 
and UifThe W^IIMet' (m>^).'"'l>ich waaan- 
ewirred by John iivreo [q. v.], he applaud»l 
the jinrging rif the ptirliamdnt. Ilu wax ono 
of tm puritan divmi>A who, in the intorvai 
b^two^n the sentpnce and eXM:ution of th« 
idng, profl'crcd t« him rhwr i^pirituiil Bcnrlce*. 
f.luudwiii li'lU us in his ^'y^ptiTToiiitiu. The 
<lbsirTf;tovrs of Justioo.* pp. 96-7 (SO May 
1U49), that hv had an ' homvs di»ci>ur»v or 
moru with'('h«rle8,butwaft not Lrapre*sedby 
hia v'lmt. He linnlvcontuudcd in tb» aatnfl 
tract for tb« iwvprfign ri|;1ila of tht- iwople, 
qnotedapprovinply Milton's 'Tpnure of Kinft» 
and Magietrates' (la Feb. Hf-19). and main- 
tained tliat thir pntws.'diTigi* againiit, (JbaH'^a 
foIlbvrL-d tlie spirit of the law if not the ii'ttor. 
Tbe pamphlot whs cast into tbi' abad» by 
the apk-ndour of Milton's 'EurtwinXiJirrii ' 
(OctoV'r 164y). ''IVo llj'm* or Spiritual 
tkiDgs' (ltJ.il) from liia pen, anngin hi* 'nn 
vregation on 1*1 Oct, lf!*l, llie tTmnli--! n-.- 
cay for the vi<-tory at WfirCMlcr.ftirtLi nikij.- 
tnt« ius ri'publicun ivol. 

HeanwbilM he pursued hiit tliMiloeii^alcoti- 
troversiea. His oib^lud o])Ufi in uefenoe of 
geDeral ri.'d(>miition, ' *Air«> iVparo-ie drruXv 
Tpitatuit, or lie ilcmYftion Rf>d«eTned,'appparcd 
initio [(reprinted Isiyjjhit' Wnter-DippinB 
noFii-m Footing" < lfiA.1) and 'Cala-Iiaptiitn 
(1(VW> Vi'vtv polemice against baptists. ITio 
citx!nmkl4nce< that Cromwell's ' Tripra ' wera 
mostly indifpundonU did not reconcile him 
to thx new eccleaiaatical deapotism; he ar- 
migned il in bla ' Saawurra!. Or the Trier* 
[or Tormeuurre] Triod ' 1 1607 ). 

C^alamy r«tiuirk« that Goodwin ' wai>A man 
by htmMif, n-tut atnunet every man, and bad 
wraiy man ii^'iiinsl. liiiu.' Goodwin H^wnkx of 
himaelf n£ having 'to contend in a maiinnr 
wtb thp wliolp wirth ' (diidicftliiin to Cafa- 
Bftptimi). Hip idead w^re nftpu alir-ad of Ins 
day. In his ' Divine Authority of the Scrip- 
tiiies Ai»>ert«d ' (164dJ,Trhicb won tht com- 



mendation of Baxter, b« mainlaina, an 

Siting Fox and HanOay, that thi- n-ord 
Of! • was extant in the world, nay in the 

, heart!, and conscisDceE of mun. bcfuiv tbisn 
vnu any copy of the wnnl extant in tunlins.' 
Inhia'PagnnsDebtaadDowry'Cieril ; lilfl, 
a reply to Barlow), which led to a contn^ 
vftify with Ob«dtalt Howa [q. t.], he argues 
that without the letter of the Ki«pel lieainem 
may bo aavM. His ratim&l tempttr made 
him the opponent of aeekera and quakcn, 
and gave him aome affinity with tue Can- 
brid^'u Platouiats. Hunjvctedtliediituiettoa 
allowtrd by Acoutiua, Dotween tolenuiott of 
error in I'undamentaU and In othor polnta. 

I Krrnr in fundanienlalH may be innoosnt. 
Toleration he hasea on the difficulty ofar- 

I riving at trvtb. He would haw men ' call 
moT« for lifrht and less for fire from he«ven ' 

! (epiHlle in Satan's StntOMms^ 1648). Even 
the denial of the Holy "Trinity Iia will nut 
troAt af> a ' damnablr! heresy.' for orthodoxy 

, is a doctrine of inference. Thomas Ttarlcw 

I [q. T.], afterwards bishop of Lincoln, wrote 

'to him i^fptembiT IfUil), 'I always 6nd in 

the prosecution of your argiLment^ that pei^ 

spieuilr and ncutvutf««t wuich I oftvo tttk 

and Midum find in the writings of otben.' 

At the Restoration Goodwin, with Miltoo. 

' wan urditrtnl into cuntody nu 16 June 1680. 

( Ho hept out of the way, and at len^b ma 

. placed in the indemnity, amontr eighteen 
pcmous ]icrpe1unllv inc«pncitat4^tl for any 
publictru8t. His' YdpMrrDAixiu ' ww buinea 

' (1^ Au^.) by the hangman ab the Old Bailey. 
Acconling to Burnet his oomporuJTe itit- 
muaity waadueto his Anninian repute- He 
°rion returned to his Coleman Street eongrtt^^ 
Liitiion, though not to tha •tnolnment* of ^i^| 
St«pli<-M*.i, of which he waa depnred an^B 
TUeophiluE Alford udmittod as hieEUCt».'ssori 
on 29 M«y U5lil. He wrote Mrenuf 
against ihe nAh-tnoaanliy eotbuaiasta 
Itl'Vl and l656(si.-<'piUMg««DoU«ct9dinjAC 
SON, p, 2IOaq.) Bur Venner's meeting house, 
whence the insurrection of lOfll proceeded, 
was in Swan Alk'y, Coleman Strwet, and her*- 
aljo, in 1003, was Goodwin's study (dedira- 
tjonto Erpontitm<ifBonumM). Ilenee, doulil- 
leae, nnwu Bumci's fable that Qoodwin was 
onti of tbfM) enthuaiasU. Immediately O^M 
Venner'e rising, Goodwin's church iamed ^H 
' DeL-laration ' (1000. i.e. Jsnuarv 1001) di^" 
claiming all aynipatby with tnia or any 
atlemtit ' to propagate ruligion by tha «won£' 
Jarkaon axrrilx-a to (Inodwin an anony- 
mous publiflBlion (which h« wrongly 
scribes) entitled ' IVIflli(|ui' l*r*«elicr* Nr 
ofClirjst'sTpfichor»,'lfi63; internal evidp 
is strongly agfttnst his authorship. He died 
in the plague year, 1606. From llie ' 



£taB| 
Jac^ 



Toru> 
sony- 




Goodwin 



M7 



Goodwin 



sr of St. St<^plu>n'ft, Jiu-kHon fives the 
f'xafi vniTV OS p<^6«ihly referring to bun : 
['John (titixiwm .In whit*-* AlU-y. ritli-r »»» 

■ 'haricd th* Srd of September lOH.'i." By bis 
mrly raamape bi* baj **'ven chil'ir>»n, twoftf 

■ivbom AM io 1045. IliKporlntit. tiiwravwl 

|ia IWI, ' tfctat 4r,' by lieonre Cilorer [q. y.^, 

repreiKnts a nuui of fine fcaturrs, weArin^ 

biMnl «u) noiuucbe, bu scanty hair almost 

bidden by an embroiderad Bkull-cm. 

Goodwin publiehMl besidw tue works 
alpMdv mmtionti): 1. * ThtSainta' Interest 
in Goa." &f,, liVlO, V2mo. 2. 'God a Good 
Master,' Ac, 1041, U>mo ( d<>aimlMl to VAiia- 
lMthI[arapden,niotherofthe{Mtriot). 3. 'Tha 
Beturn of Mercie«,'&c.,lttil, 12mo. 4. 'TU 
, CbrisCiati's EnjpigMai^nt.' &c., IMl, 12ma 

■ S. * Inpedil tra animum, or Auimadrersions 
rvm . . . GMrjff M'alker,' &c., lft*I, 4lo 
(Walkers ' DrfL-nrx*,* to wbich tbift is a replv, 
was pubU»b«dby (joodvin). 6. 'tmp^-tatto 
Fida,waTTf!Attseof Justification.'A:c.,1642, 
4to. 7. * Thv Butchw'ti Blessing, or the 
Bloody Intt^ntiioiu of lCotniafaCaTalicrs,'&f., 
' (JsckMiD). 8. 'Innoci!iH:it.-« IViuupb, 

[WD Aniiw-r to . . . William Prjnnt^,' &C., 
4ta (rwo edittonB same year, defends 
Itis '6«o^x^'l- ^- 'Innooency aiiO Trulb 
Triumphini^,' &(!., 164A, 4to (continuation of 
>'o. t* (. 10. ' Cnliimny .Vrraijfn'd.'&c., 1545, 
itotanswertoI*ryniit'BPcplyj. 11. 'A Vin- 
ion of FiveGnM«,*&c., lQ15,-lto(ed.by 
u«l iMtiK, coataios Mruioo I't* April 1644 
W Ooodwin. taken in ehurlhaiid by Thotoas 
ludjardl, 12. TwelTO., . Serious i'siit ions,' 
fte.,l&46,4Ut. 13.*Soni6MDd6staDdnumblc 
Qneriea,' kc, 1044 fjaduun). 14. 'An- 
api>liigi-*!a T<4 Aiitapolofnak. nr Tbi> Inex- 
ruAabbnesae of . . . Antapologia.' &c., 1646^ 
410 (hrst and only part; atpiiiuit Hdwanl*y 
1&. ' A Oaodle to see tbn Sue 





Sunne,' &«., 1&47, 
sndix to 'ITa^omMtix'). 16. 'A 
Ipt . . . 10 . . . Haf^mastix,' Ac, 
4u>. 17. 'Sion Collese Visited, or 
AniiBadvenions on a Pamphlet of W. jett- 
Imv,' &e., 1647 <i.e. January im»\. 4to. 
1h. * Jifa^vTowptafivT»p<K, ot 1 V* YounKliu^I 
Elder ... fur lh« Instruciion of W. J(<tikyn.* 
Ac, im8,4lo. ID. ' 'Ilka rimgbttMui! JutlKe,' 
A«.. I*^H (i.e. 18 Jan. liJ49l, 4in (reply tn 
Six FrancU Ni-lh«rtol«l. 20. 'Triitbe Con- 
flict with Error,' &C., 1660. 4to{rroin iihort' 
band rppnrt by John Wmka of disputations 
on unrvenuit mli-Riplinn bydoodwuia^nst 
Vavasor. Pr>'n-fll,andJnhiinaipMD). 31. 'The 
Ib-medy of Unrt^avmabJwieM,* 4c., ISW 
llJodCMO). ^- 'MoMC.« mad« An^nr: a 
I Lathir ... to Dr. Hill,' kc, lO-ryi < JiK-k»on). 
^. ' Confidi^DM I>iinnoiint«d, or a Letter to 
Mr. Kirhar.! llwburv.* Ac, 1(161 a»ck»nn). 
Hi. * £^>«>pa;(<a, Tlw AgrM'iiii>i]t and Du^ 



UDcv of BrMhren,* iu:^ 165^, 4t« ; 1071, 8vo. 
•To. '.V Pimipbnww,' Ac-, 1052, 4toj MooDd 
edition wilb litlf '.\n Expo«tioD of the 
.Ninelh Chapter iif the EnatW to llw Romans,' 
Ac, itUW. 41*. ( dMlicat«d to tbe Lord Mayor, 
John Fowke fq. t.^. 26. • Philadelphia", or 
XL Qnariea, &<-., \tiSA, 4to (oa biptiam). 
27. 'Thirty Qttcrios,' *f., 1663 (Jackson; 
on the ma^straiv's authority in rvligion). 
2ft. ' The Apolofrist Condemned,' Ac, I6JJ8 
(Jackion.a vindicationof No.27). S9.'Di»- 
satisfaction S« lii&Kl io S<^ veutcKdi. . .QiMiiea/ 
Ac, 1(1-74 (Jackson). 30. • Peace Protected,' 
Ac, ItiM, 4lo lninpli6cation of No. J9; 000- 
tains a warning aguinst the ' th monarchie ' 
Rtfii). 31, 'A Frmh Discovery of tbe Uigh- 
Preabyterian Sjijrii,' .^:e., ItiM, 4to (curtoua 
oontrovcny with six London booksellera, 
Thomas Underbill, 8amu«l OellJbrand, John 
Kothwell, I.nki' Fawne, Joahtu Eirton. and 
Nxtbnniel W*bb. who petitioned for the re- 
flraint of Tbe pren). 32. 'The Six Book- 
ftellers Proctor Nonyiuited,' Ac, I6W, 4tO. 
&'). 'Mercy in her Exaltation.' Ac. ]fl56|4to 
( funeral tvnuon, 20 April, fur Daniel Taylor). 
M. 'The Foot out of tbe Snare,' Ac, I(tA6, 
4lo (by John Tolder^, who bad been a 
qunker; part by Uoodwin). 31). 'Triumviri, 
or ih(! Geniua . . . of. . . Richard Reshtiry, 
John Pau-f">n,an<IQ«org9KeDda]l,'Ar., 16fij^, 
4tn. Olnmymentionshis'Oitechism,' which 
baa not been identified. Ponbamoua waa 
Sff. * nA^^/u) ru TlMuiiurruilK, or a Beinr 
Filled nilb tbe Spirit.' kc, 1070, 4lo, witn 
reconmeDdatory emstle by lialpb Venning; 
it is inclnilpd in Nichols' series of alandard 
divine*, 'fo'^dwin Milled Fenncr's ' Divine 
Mcfiaa^i*,' ItUfi. Jackaon (p. 67j quotm 
Uwxlwin ( 'Inoocenciee Triompb,' p. 4) as 
claiming the authonhip of thi- 'Plee (or 
Liberty of Cinudence* which fomn pait dT 
n n-plv to Adam Sleoart, orieinally issued 
with the title'MS.to A.3.'lM4.ftndaf|:ain 
witb the title 'A Reply of Two of the 
Hn'thren,' Ac . ltU4. But Jackson baa mia- 
read his refensice. Uoodwin distinctly as- 
aigna the piece to another pen ' ingaged in 
the same warfaro.' Tbe tinvr bis mialed 
Underbill and Haaaon. 

[Ltfp by JncksoD. I&32: WDod'sAthenanxnn. 
XWl, n. U. %b. I6S. 319. 2SS (mention* his 
harincbMB a preacher ai St. Mary's. Dover], 
334 ; uarlov's Oenuiac U^niain*. I693.pn.l23 
M).; CalaiBj'a Aeoount, 1713. p. fiS; OalaniT's 
&ntiiiiuiioa. 1737, i. 7S 1 Palmar*!) Noneonf. 
Hcnoffial. 1SQ2. i. IVfl: Bnraers Own Tiina, 
172-I, I. (t7. I|»; Noal'it Hiat. of Lho I^lriUQl., 
1823.ii. 23S.305,iii 230,1»l.iv.227; C^Uinr'a 
Bed. UisL od. BarbafD. IB4I. rlii. 107, 177; 
ChajmeU'H nt«> of Hoeiuianiimip, 1643, p. U ; 
duyneirs Dirioa Trinsinty, IfiSO, ppi 441 sq, ; 

t2 



Goodwin 



148 



Goodwin 



WnlUoa'i Aotitrin. fiiog. 1890, i. 101, 139 ; .Wil- 
•onN I>ias. Chureh«B of X^onOon, ISOS ii. I03'&q., 
1614 \v. 186 1 Grangor'n Biog. Hint, nf Knf^l 
1821. lii. 832; UndcrhillV «lii.igii of Willianiii't 
BLhiJj- Tfooiit. I84S.«TiT. ; Mivi(lniPt)l"= S«.^ 
Ii.li Hftliiuih, 18rtB. ii. '27* m. (rPiJriniH llie 
Brcotulo( OwxJvriiiV ' )iyina*): tluDt'a Kolifpoiu 
TboQght in Knel. 1870, i, 268. ZAI) iiq.. 3AS; 
Jlfimon'a Lifo a? Milton, 1871 U. AH2. I87»iii. 
113. IS7? iv. 65. 106. 1880 vi. 174. &«. ; Kil- 
t<^n'* CdMliteofl Libroniin in Bibliolbeoa Noiri- 
cenai, IB83.] A. O. 

GOODWIN, MITLTP (rf. i6(t9). divino, 
a nfilivodf'Suiriilli, wiumJiiciitcdat HuJoIin't 
C(i!!i*i{i', t^aiiibniitit^, and prciceeilfcl M.A. 
l)uring thi' civil war he siJi-d wilh tW uur- 
UKiii('nt,iiii(l wNsn[r[K)inl'sl tfimiirtlin' Iriani' 
for Hi'rt.fnrdflliirp. By an urdinanKf of tliu 
lords ftnd catstnons, daU-d ^3 April ItfJS, bo 
bodLino riotr of Wiilfnril in that (>;>tinrv, in 
mooMsinn la Dr. CnrneliiH Bur^^'^ {i^(/m- 
mtoiu' Jottm/iif, iii. fiWli. but wiw «iji'ctoil for 
noncnnfrtrmily in Jun« IWl (Nkwcoukt. 
Itfpf^rtorin'n, i. W<U). lie afterwards cwn- 
ibrmed.and on 4 Oct. IfiT-S was pw^iMit^d t-n 
tiki rectory of Li«ton, Eetex, by Wjlljani 
Clopton, whose daii^hti^r Liicv ho had tnar- 
ri»d (a. ii. 393). Ik- dii'd In IBfJfl. Hi* 
will, datt^ 29 Hitpt- I*j97 (t*gi»lered in 
P. C. 0. PS. Pett), muntioiiB pmpcrty at 
Broome arid Aldtiani in 8ufl'ulk. His chil- 
dren wfvw Unl»f>n I whfl ftuccecded to liis fn- 
ther's ]iviu|;), Thomns. Margart^. and Luct. 
While rosidt-nt at Watford he- piiblLshcd: 

1. ' 'Hii:' Evnn^dicall Oonimunlniint in iho 
EiicIiariHticall Sacrament, or a Treatise de- 
claring who are to r^-wiTft tho Supper of tho 
lA>rd,' Sic, Hvo. Loiid'^ii, Hj4f*i itrtiond iiu- 
preswon enlarged, &(■., 8vo, Londnu, iHTu. 

2. 'Diwt Uuiuinicufi ri'dlvivus, ur thi* Lord'o 
Day i-idivoned, nr a (niiLli«"> . . . In di*rovnr 
the practical jiiirl of the evangi-Ucal Sabbath,' 
Sic., f^vo, liiiiidim, l(Ji4. 3. ' lUdipio donii*»- 
tica redivivft, nr family rplimon rfii'iTwi/Ac, 
8vn, Limdon, l*i."i5. 4. "Tlie Mystery of 
Pnamr'B, hi^i-onrally diRcniirwd; or tiva- 
lisfl whereiu is clearly diftcovered the ftecn-l 
yet certain pood or o»il ... of mt-D* differ- 
liigdreaines ; ihdir di«ung:iii8bing;cliaract«rft,' 
Ste., Sto, London, Ki&y. 

rOalamr's Naneonf. Hemorial (Palmer, 1802- 
I«b3), ii. SI4.1 0.0. 

aOODWIN, THOMAS, D.P. (I«00- 
1680), indjtpendeur divine, wa* bom at 
UoIIwhy, Norfiilk, on 6 Oct^ 1600. He ou- 
torod Chriet '.* t'-ollcffo, Camhrid^o, on 25 Aug. 
161S, and Kraduaivd I). A. in lillQ. He was 
I hearer of fiichard .Sihh?, D.D., John Prow- 
ton, V.D., and othrr puritans, and had pre- 
pared himaelf U> rm'^ivn thu communion, but 



hia tutor *enC Itim bock «a too joong- 1 

'little of bid n|^.' Tliis tempurarily alienate 
him from the uurilaus. In l<il9 he n>move 
to (.'atht-rintf ITall. and graduated M.A. il 
ItiJO. OnIO Nuv. lOlMafuneral wnaoo ' 
Tbnma* Biiinbrijfy (rf. I(Mfi> [q. v.] renei 
hirt pnntan seal, lie waj- rhuH-u ftdlow] 
commenred B.P. ; in IfilW wnji ^d«^etl 
turer at Trinily Oiurrb, L'arobridcv, in spil 
of the opptwition of John Bockuridgt?, lii«oo_ 
of Ely; and in Iti.'ii? b«'Caioe vicar ofTrinitJ 
Church. Di-comingdi^atislledwitlj tlietf 
ofcout'ormity, heeonfcrrodin June Itytlwit 
John ('otton, thi-u in Loudon on bis way 
Nf w Kn^latid. CoClon made him an ind4 
pendent. He reei^niid bis vicarage io it 
in favour nf Sibb". and t«fl th« univenity. 

HetweoM ]Ai4 and 1639 be waa probdily 
a sejTorEtist pmachi'T iu Lond<m. He ina^ 
ried thcru in lli.'M. In IlKW the vifplance of 
Laud made liix pneition unienublc : h<j cn>»¥«d 
Io Knllnnd, and Ix-cann- [iM-tor nf the Eng- 
linh church ar .\mhpim. At tbe boRiiuuitg 
of the Lonj; parliament (3 Nov. IctlO} tut 
mtumcd to l^nn^^nn, and trntherwl an 10^ 
dependent cnnirreiiation in the pnrish of 'At 
DuiistenVin-the-Fljiet. In lf4.'i he wnHai 
poinl^d a iucrab<*r of tho Wtsliuinater 
«embly,and took the covenant. lie wa» 01 
of tbe fiub-cotnmitteL' of fin- nominated on 
Ki m>c. 1643 to meet tbe 8oott<idi cotnmi**, 
sionei-A. and draw up a directory for 
6hip; his co-operoiion wa« not at finl 1.1 
hearty. On 9 Dec. Ifil4, when Rurmoffb 
Nye,"Cart«r, Simneon, and Bridge (anoe 
wnrda known aa the * diawutin^ hr^'thrun '| 
enTcro^ their disfcnl from the pn>p(ttiti£ 
on church gOTwnnient adopted by tbe ma- 
joritj-, Ooodwin was absent from the ft.»- 
ecnibly tlunugh ilLnoss, but b« added hia 
namr? next day. linndwin conceived that the 
use i)f synods was ' to frame up the xpirita of 
mini to a way of [M-ace." If the pnwof of 
excnmniun irntion bud been withheld froa 
the auperiorjudic.iloriei^h" would faAvalMM 
Mtiitfied. Inm<udf a Oalvinist be was not 
prepared 10 excommunicate Arminian 000- 
, ffT'-'Entio"*- Aftz-r IftlH he took little or no 
pan iu the procei^inge of tbe assembly. He 
' wftp invited to NcwEujuland by Cotton in 
; 1617, and preptinsl to gu, but waa diasoaded 
. bybisfriends." lien the 'distent ingbretbren' 
I drew up their * Iteaeonii ' in detail (printed 
I le-W). Goodwin was their lender and editor. 
On 2 Nov. ]ftl9 he was app^iintcd a eJiaplain 
U.} the council of stale witli 200A a year, and 
InilginRn in Wniilihall. On 8 Jan.'lBJJO by 
ordoT of parliament he was mode president of 
Magdalen Colleav, Oxford, witli the privilefre 
of nominntang lellowfi and demies in case of 
vacaQcy^ or of rofbml to take t-be eugagemeot. 




Goodwin 



149 



Goodwin 



He ooOBtant ly pnocbed mt St. Sl&nr'*, wi-sring 
• ' Ti'lvct r«.unrk,' and hoh! a veedlv meeting 
■thUlo<]giiip,on thejilanof aninaep&Ddent 
chttrch meet 111^, of wbich 8l«ph«n CliRmitcic 
fq. T.] And Thc-iphiliuif iutc [q. v.] were metn- 
twn. John How* ( Ui:tO-no*J> [q. r.], flira 
a Ktadeot at Mkf^dnlcn. boia^of pi¥i>livt«rian 
sCDtimcnt^. ' did not oH'ur to jii^tu ' ihis meet- 
liDg; GnoduiQ invited and Admitted bun 
['upao PHtli4iliL- tcriDE.' In tlio ' Spi-«Ut4r,' 
I Tin. 4W, 'Jti Sf|t(. 171t!, Addicou vivi^Haii ac- 
; of tile t>xKmiiiiitinn «f a Riuai^nl (either 
any IIi^nlt'T [ij. v.^ or, acwnlinfi to 
tif^r, Thiimiu nradliurr, not (he dirine) 
in grace rather than in Kraniinur, by ' » very 
lamoua independent minittci, who wu hcaa 
of B ooU«fcv in ibi«>^ lime*.' The reference 
ift erttt«ot)y lu OixiilKin; Hit? ' half a doa«n 
aiftfatarapa lipun bis hr^ul' allude to tbe two 

idtwblr«kull-cap9 ^hnu'n in hia )>onrait. On 
34 Aug. KinO (toodvrin wa« ap|>oiQt4>d on t 
■ooununon fincludiuf! Milton) ro ninkKUi 
iuTWitiiry of the record* nf thp Wwtminst^r 
Awenibly. In 1053 ht- was matU'a i-uuiinU- 
sintifrfor tlx' njipnthnt ion nf public pnracb^K^ 
and nn It) IX-o. 1'l'>.? b*> was made D.D. of 
Oxford, Iwiuf; dt>ecnl>ed in the rcuifft-r tm *in 
Kriptia in n- thootofzlca qiiAmpliirimis orbi 
■otiu.' Id KUM be was one of the aasist- 
Utta to llw comntiaaioners of Oxfordnhin.' for 
remorin^r Acanda]ous miiiirten. 

In 1 lh'8 (iiMMlwin and hix frirn da jMti tinned 

Cromwell fnr libcrly to hold a evnoa and draw 

upaconfrasionuf fnith. Croinw«>llg7iv«anun- 

wiltinc coniK'nt, hut died (3 Sept. ) ImfcHV ibe 

time fiiwl f»r the njM'.ning' of tbe a^^mbly. 

^_ Goodwin attended uitn on hi» deatfabiNl. A 

^■C?w toiniitaabefon be»pirM<iondwin 'pre- 

^Ptende^I lo awire them in a wnycr thai he 

Waa not to die' (nrRViT). A WM*ti later a 

lut^ay waa beld at Whilcball ; Tillotapn. 

■wbo waA pn>«ent, aMured Burnet tbat in 

tTOodwin's prayer the esptv«eiuu occurrrd, 

t' Thou tia*t dwT^iivwJ u», and we wt^re d^ 
eeived.' numet d'>ns nni nntlne thai tliin is 
B oaotation ( Jer. xx. 7 ). 
Gtwdwin and bl* frk^nda net at th« SaTor 
fiirelBTenortwelvedAyiiffODiI20ct, Reprv- 
MnUtiTea, moctly tAi,-men,orovcra hunurrvl 
isdcpcvd'*ni churchiM were pn*ent. Ouod- 
wio and John llwenw«ra toe leudfr^ in a 
oouimitlee of «ix dirioM appointed to draw 
op a conlMUon. Tbvy ad>jpl'.-d, with a few 
^Tetbal nltfntinris, the dtM^nal definitiona 
th*" Wt-jii minsior oafwMon, ivcfBiUnet- 
only thi! jiart rtrlaLin^ tu church (rorern- 
■u The main effect of the declaratioa 
tbe Saroj a«WDi1ilr waa to cmfinn th« 
I^Mtmituurr thMtloRT. 
On Iti )[By lOeO Goodwin waa dnnnd 
Lbe oMironlion parliament of bit oAee W 




pntHidnnt ol' Ma^altrti. \lv toQli 10 London 
several inpmb*?rn of his Oxford church, and 
founded ati indeirendent c-nn^regMtion, »infio 
remiiviM) to Fetter I<une. flis later yeoia 
were spent in studr. In the great fire of 
]6iMt more than half hia library, lo tlie 
value of 600/.. woe biimwJ; hia divinity 
books wer« aaved. He died offeror, afttir a 
Bhon illne66,ou2;{Feh. l<{)^,aod waabiiried 
in iluuhill Fivlds. Thu Latin (.'pitapb for 
bia tomb, wHilen hy llioiuan (iilWrl, B.D. 
[q.v.], was'mrtsuffer'dtnbf enfrravM'ifi fiiU) 
It ui»H-ilirji hi« ftivat knowliili.')-- of vC^Wiaa- 
tical sntiqniti««. Hia portrait waa i-ngmved 
b; K. White (1680); for ralmer's Brat edi- 
tion it waa engraved froui tlit- nrit^inal paint- 
ing by J&mea Caldwall [q. t,] i for the swond 
edition it waa re-^iun-avi-d by th>- elder Wil- 
liam HoU 'q. v.l ITis faw. with ite atrone 
hooke<l nose and curl iiit< loeko, ha* a Jevtiaii 
cut. lie married fimt. in lli^, Kliiahetb, 
dauglitLT of AhK-ruian PruMoti.by whom be 
had a dantthier, married to .lohn Miiaou of 
Lijudon ; KCMnJly. in I'J^fl, Mary (lammond, 
then in hir M-VEUItwrnth yrar, hr whom \i- had 
two eons, Thomafi (see bi-low) ami Kicliard. 
who died on a voyage to thv Ka«t liMliva 
aa one of tbe companyV facton; and two 
danfl^ters, who died in infancy. 

l^todwinV aennnna have mnch tinction ; 
hia expoaitio&B are mtnuto nnddifltun; frmat 
hiatoncal value attarh<i> to lh« dcfcniMs of 
indfpendenry in which he was cunoemed. 
Ho Ir^n to puhli-h wrmonii in ItVUt, and 
brought Diit a crtllrirtion <>f tlirm in I'US, 
4to. To the aevenih |Meot< in ihia cullHCtion, 
'Tbin H<Mrt of Clinit in Miiiven t'lwanla 
Sinneni on Kartb' fl'l-l'll. a writrr in th« 
' I'>linburf:h l^vww' (January )H71) baa 
cndoavound. followint^ I<rtnont4'y and Wen- 
aelbuiger, to Iravo ifae •iiofti^tion of (be 
modem Roman oithulir ttiivoliou to llie 
ML-ird hrart ; ihc »iipiKi«t>d link wilh l-iood' 
winbein^pArBUIaiidniit-liitV'liinihiAri-. \mM 
WatU) Ol/.ry./(.%rijil, 1747) hail prnvi'iaaly 
drawn attf-ntion to (h*- uniwual laii|{ua^ m ' 
(tondwin ' in deKrihinfr thi.- x^mif due (o the 
human naturie'nrnnr I^inl. ( K hia writitii^ 
thr- larger numbt-r werr not iirintrd in Kia 
]]'' -' <iu]<b prfparMlfor ifie ^freaa. Kive 

■ 111.^ 01 111" work* wpft> edited by 

litiiiiii iii>' Jwr_<n,TlMiaHHi lUron.aitd Tliomaa 
(ioodwin Ih- TOtUI^V, in I'l"-', \'^\ IW'J, 
lOOT, and 1704: Mrint^l. iHfll, ('• vols. 
Rvo; oaodmwMl by IMA>. IM7 ■',!*, 4 vols, 
8vo. Kot inciafad in ttu' wurka arc llw foU 
lowing, in wbieb be bad a filuHf hand : 1. 'An 
ApokignttcaU Nanalim hvmblyavbmilla'l to 
ibe hoaaanMb [lar] HnnanoT l^arllanimt,* 
t^ 144S. «1». i. 'Tbe ReaMOa pnwnilatl 
hf tbe DUaentsaic Bretbrna,' *«., IM», Ita 



Goodwin 



«s» 



Goodwin 



(iwued hj tbe awinnbiT). S. ' Tha Gmad i 
Dobatu cuucuraiuij l*rcBuyl«rv und Iu<l«p'^i)- 
dfiicy,' &c., 166:;, 4to (lABQed by tb.? inile- | 
pfiidfnlfi). 

TiiuMAi* GooBWiK tbfl Touiig«r (IfiTrf)?- \ 
1716 f), eon of Ihe abovo.lHirn about 1U50. j 
WES educal«d in Krifflnnil uml lliillniid, nnd 
began liie noiicnnfitnnUl miiiinirv in Ifi78, | 
whvfi be joinetl wirb Ihiv* others, inrlii'linfj 
TbaopbiliiB l^orriDgton [a. v.], in an cvcninff 
levtuJK hi^bl (LL a cotl'oe-Douae in Exchange 
Alley. In IVHii hff made the tour of KiiPow^ 
with u joirtr of frit-iidit, returning in July 
IBS'], wben lie becaiui* c-olk'ague to iStt-'tibou 
Lobb nt Fvtlcr Luii<_-. Hl' IvA FuttiT Lune 
Ou I-obb'n (tealh (H June H2K)), jind liecam* 
p«etor tif an iniU>iH<ndonl onnin^-gation at 
I^nt^r, Middb-aL'X, wbrrb li<- biul uii cutati-. 
He l<wt b^n- an ucailnuy for 1ruiiiin(r minia- 
ture. Hi> publiflbed a »L<rm(Ui in 171iJ, iiud 
probnbly diinl noon nftrr. ]tiwi[ii<» funural 
sormunit for Lobb and others, and a thnuks- 
^iviiig (Million, b« Mibliftbed: 1. 'A l)i*> 
oouTBi- ou tho True Wnture of the Otispfil,' i 
&C-I KtitO, jlo (n pteee in the Orispinn con- 
troversy, of antinomiiin tcndi-ncv). 2. ' An 
History of tJii> Koigiii>f Ht-nry V.'Jtc, 1701, 
fol. (dediciitec) to .loho. lord L'uttsk. 

[IJotJcea by Owen and BarDii. willi iiutobi<^ 
grupbieil jmrticulnrs. edilcd by T, (JnoJwin. jun.. 
in Worka, volit. i. and v.; Wood§ Alheiiw OxoD. 
mw. ii. 7H-J-, CiUitrny'it Awouiil. 1713, pp. M ^ 
•1.; Cti)umy'« ContiDiiuiioQ. 17-7. <- SO nq. ; 
lafe of Howti, ]~2U, pp. 10 aq.; Wulkcr'g Saffu^ 
iDgH, 1714. ii. 122; Ilui-npt'ii Own Tim*. 17Si. i, 
82 aq.; Palmor's NQiiconf. M*iu«rial. 17.5 i. 
183 SQ., 1802 i. 2%6 t^.; Wit-xtn's IH-vicntinjE 
Churchw of Jjondon. 1R0.1 i :;!4 nj. 1810 iif. 
4M. 42dKl..440w].; Brwk'sLirao uf lUn Puriinu*, 
ISn.iii.166. N(«r« IliMl.ftfthxI'untAns lli'2'2. 
i». lyZM}., 4fi5iKj. ; Qmuatr'sIdiiK. UUl ufKriR- 
Ittud, lS2l,v, bS; Lo(u(>i)i«Y'>USuv-iva, 1831. «ii. 
4t3; Kdiuburgb R«Ttev, Janiuiry 1H71. p. 21^2 
■q. ((]iiut« Theodora Wonre)burj*pr iii Unwro 
Zi'il, Id Nov. IST3, for nn mrly Ornmiit imnalii- 
tion of (Joodwifl'ttlli'Ari.nf Cliritt): Mu^clioUniiil 
StrnthfTa'a Miwulee of Wo»t riniiii1«r Aiuirnililj, 
1874, pp. 17, IS, SO, 5M: Mkhho'i Lifo of 
Mlltoa, 1877. iv. Mil. 228; Miurfii-lfa W«»t. 
miiistor Anwinbly. IH83, p. 2U.] A, O. 

GOODWIN or GODWIN, TIMOTHY 
<Hi70h-I7i9), urclibi»liop -.-f Ca>li.d. wti* 
linrn (it Xfir^icb, probably about K170. lie 
bi;^an liU LHlneuiiun at the iiouniuforoiiBl 
iLCJtil<>my nrSnniui'l Cnidocii, U.I), [(j.v.^.at 
Gf&sing-H, Sullblk. Ht-re hf wa* a clussmate 
in pbiloHopby witli Fdmiinil Calainv, 1>.1]. 
fo. v.], who entfTijd in l68fl ui the ape of 
nneon. IJoodwin and Calarov vro .ibfuit 
th« Mmp af^, and rrnd iitt^.iiii Uigi-xUi-r in 
privitio, (ioodwiu bolng 'a. good (.ireciaii.' 
At this time he wa« int«nded for the m»di- 



!4 



Btl prufeAuou: on Ifnvin^ Geuin^ hfiweat 
la Luudon uud lod^t.-d with Kdward UuLk, 
M.l). I <]. T.], in AldiTinnnbiiry. Turning hia 
Ibuucttti lo difiniiy be vntered at Si, Ed-i 
mund'n Hall, Onfiird, wht^r* be f;radual«4l 
MA. on 2^ Jon. 16$)7. He wu dotOMtiB 
chaplnin to Cltar]««, duke of Sbrewaburj, . 
who toolc hitn almvid «ni) gave him the rnsi 
toTT of Ueytborui?, ( 'xfordsbir*. On 1 Aug.l 
liM hp waa coUatM to ih« nrcbdoaronry at' 
Oxford. H« accompanied f?br>'*»buTj- lo 
Ireland in llclober J718,on bi.i appuinluji-ut 
lo t hi- lord-ltc-iiti-nnncv. On 16 Jan. 1714 
hn wfta mad-- biHlion of Kilmore aii«l .\rd]i(rl>- 
Uo rnbuilt ihf epi&copal roGidearo at Kil- 
tnorw, and tamda olbw iinpnn'rmi'nt*, tw 
thtrdsof hU nulbiT being r<>imhurat>d by he. 
auccesaor, Josiah ilort or Ilorto [q. v.J ,who 
ftUo had b«eitn lif«> «m n nonc<infiimii«t. (Jo 
A Jnne 173. Goodwin wae tranHlal^d to the 
archbishnpric of Ca«h«l, in iMicr««ision to 
William Nichftlwn, author of tho ' H mtoriral 
Libfai^.' Iledid not lonjj enjoy this laal {*n'''^| 
f<?nniHit: dying at Publiu on 13 Dec. l<:M.fl 
He pubb'abvO two M'pnraitf wrni'Miu iu 1710, 
4lo, and a third in 17^4, 4to, Ware calla him 
Ooj win. Cotton rnll^ hiiu 'lodnyn, and ii is 
poMibIt!lbat be vurit-d llic! npi-llinguniiiiniinir. 

[Ware's Workri (Harri«), 1764,1. 246. 
Colton'a Paati EccW lliboro. i. 18, lit. 
Korfulk Toor, 1629. ii. lS2ei Calainj'a 
Life. IHSO.i. 131.] A. 

GOODWIN. WILUAM.n.D. (rf. I«30), 
di>an ofChrisl Ciiurt-h, wun scholar of W«rt- 
luinMer l^l'lll><d, whenoi! be wu tdeclt^ in 
167;J to Oiirifct Church, Oxford. In IbiMi 
bv is iTii.TOTioni<id as mib-«ImoD«r to QiuMlfl 
Kliiabetb, and prebeoidair of York. H^H 
accumnlatpd the ili^jcrros of B.D. and D.U. 
1W2, nnd on ^.•^i^ling bjc pnrbcnd in liX>-'j he 
wan appointed cbaoC'trllor of York, an office 
whirh lit] retaiuL'il with many other gnod 
ViirkinbirH lii'neiicfM until HWI, wlmn Im w 

rTomotwl ro the deanery of ('hrisr Churc 
n IttlO lit) bc^nniv arrbdr-ar'tin i^ MiilHIi 
and FiTlor of fiiwftt AUhallows, London. 
from the latter, however, ho withdrew in 
III] 7 on beinp pivr-^i'nti'd to ! Iw living of Chal- 
grove, Oxfordshire. In IttliJ be likuwise re* 
oeived from th* Lord-chnii-tdli^r Kgvrtoa tlw 
living of Stanton St. John, Ojifordshi 
He wan vic^-chanc'-llor of tlsford in Ifl] 
lti1.5, 1»17, 161 e^, and died n June ID'ilt.in 
aiity-tlAli voar. lli« n-uiain« wrrv into 
in Christ Cliurcli Cathedral, where a inon 
meiit WHS vrtrctMl \o hie meutor^'. 

tlrwidwin, in his fapaoity of chaplain 
Jatn-'s I, preachi^d beftim l.bo king at Wom!- 
sloL-k 28 Aug. 1014. TLim wrmon was pub- 
lishis) at Oiford. Re is bIm mentioned u 



iKDnnir. 
6. 4»li^ 

ii. 1S9S 

'a Omin 
A. 0. l| 



good 

waifl 






Goodwyn 

having deii verad •crmou in memory of Pri neo 
U<!ary. hMI : of Sir Thomw Bo(U«y, l(il3 : 
mnd (if Ann", wife of Jaromi I, 161^, al th* 
chftpri of St. M«r^'«,OitfonL Thomu Gnflc 
[q. V.' pivacbed biB funeral sennoti bi Lnliu, 

• fiublisli^ at Oxford in IGM. 
[Welch's Miitntii Vi'Mtmoa. pp. 17, 69; Wood's 
r*»li.i. -JWJ-8. Wood'i U.«. Hod Aniiq.ii. 311. 
314. 332. ii. 4S9. -tSS.aod Appendix. pp.lXO-1: 
M WilU*'» C>kth. Snrr. i, 80, ISO. ii. 24U; Np«- 

■ eaari'm !{•[>- ■- "2. 3'* I L« N«t«'8 VaKi. ii. 331, 

■ iii. t6J. t;^, 4;;.dft9.i W. f. W.S. 

H OOODWYN, E1»MIND. MJ). (1756- 

^1 lS29l,medi«ilnTiWr,«nn of KdmuncI Oiyjd- 
^B wyrit sui^eon, of Fraraliugbam. Sufi'olk. wae 
^B bnfn iuthaf placcKnd baptitK-dtht-roonliilrc. 
H 17uO. Hariug j^dunUtd MJ>. ho pnetiaed 
H ai a aivdica] man in Iioadon, but retired to 
Fnunlingham aoote yean before bis dmh, 
whidi cuokulace on 6 Aug. It>'i9. H« pub- 
lished ; I. * ITiMertatJo .Uedica de morte f)Ut>- 
. iBcnoruB/l-Minburgh, 1786, 8va ii. 'TIib 
^ft Cinnnrxioii of Ijfe with Kmpinttinn ; or an 
H ExprrimpDUl Ituiuiiy into Uus EfiecU of 
^1 Satitiii'niiiifi.Strajigulatimt, and imivrvl kiada 
^1 of Noxious .Virv on I.ii'itig Aninalii . . . and 
^M thv an»i i-ffvctun1 mpann of cure,' Luodoti, 
H 17^ Krn (a tran-ilalion at No. 1). 

■ [Ocot. Hag. 183ft. ii. 18«; Dary't Xxheue 
f ftdble. (Add. HSl l«,l$8) iU. 179.] J. M. B. 

OOODTEAR. J(>SEPII <17e»-lS3e). 
^mgntwr, b-im at Uirruiiijithain in 1790, wa« 
first apprentiood to an eagnTee aa plate in 
that town nam«d TVa. HealaostadiixldiBw* 
ing unilrr 't. V. BiirkcM at Jtirminirtiani. 
II« nuiie tn London, and was eapInvL'd at 
' first by Mr. Alli-n on i-ngTxvinfd«vicM for 
Aop hllU an^l xiw like. In l&3 0oodrear 
jilanrd bims^lf undur Charles Ifpalh (I180- 
1^4^■l 'ij. v.],tbe well-known engravtr. for 
ibrv- vi'«r«. Siibw^quentlyhewaaexipnaivplT 
empkiv'M on tlit mintiif? illiutratiofu and ri^- 
SMlo) which adorned ih<:< i>le^uit'*'VnniiaU* 
ao tnoch in Tot^ue at that itatr. lie did not 
«spcair any largi- plaLu imtil he vaa (mployed 
by the I- uiden> to «n|[iBve EaaClake'a nictnre 
oif'Tht' Gnwk Fupti>'«*«' fcrr thmr fmhry of 
Uritiab Art. Thi« hi- iiiinplftnl, and tbv ra- 
^ravinir was nnrh admirp^l, but th'? mental < 
•tnun and ppjlootn"! '-■»wli'in which wa* r^ | 
uuitvil for wj CBTi^fullT fintalHid an i>iignivin)( 1 
inks down hifthcjOin. He«tulafedatin^er- 
tsg illneM for ■ year, and died at his honae in 
Kentish Town on I Oct. l'^39.in bi«foRy-fii«t 

IEMT. H»? was buries) in lliuhirat* rwmwutry. 
I« wiu much t'4t«^niM y-n\\: ir. : und 

pTufesannal lifv. In tKtO \,.- , \wiy 

tngraTtntrs al the Suffolk Street hxinniuoD. 1 

[Art UnioD. 163*, p. 1A« ; Radpan'a [>ut. of ^ 

Artirta-J L. C I 



151 Googe 

' OOOUE, aUENABE (lo4a>l&»4). po^, 
Mitt of lUiU-rt Ooogo, nseonkrof Lincoln, by 
bia wife Marvatvt, daueht«r of Sir Waller 
MantcU. waa bora at AJvinghau in LinAffln- 
■hirroB.St. Banmby'ii day IMO. UeAudied 
at Uhriflt'a CoIliVi-, (.'ambridf^ and at New 
Colk^, Oxford, but doM not appear In have 
I taken a degrea. On leavinj; tlu^ univi-njty 
! he reaorea to Staple Inn, and bt>canit? a m- 
' tainiT Co hilt kinmnan. Sir Wiltiaia Cf-cil. In 
' IfittO h^' pnblifihMl 'The Firiit thre Rok<v ol 
thv moat Christian poet, MarcvUue Palia- 
genioa [Pferrw .\ngela Manzoli], called th« 
iMdyake of Lyf«,* 8vd, with a oedicauoa to 
bin jTTandmother, I^y Halca, and to WU- 
liam Cronit^r, Tbonaa Uooywood, and BalpJt 
IIciDiund, rfli|iure«.. TltBaMxiDd rditiou, con- 
taining ih« fint mx bodo. appeared in IGOl, 
with a dedication 10 (Veil ; and a compleC* 
trandatioD of tbf Iwolw books waa ia*a«d in 
]^V$, rvriMd edilinna foUvwing in 1070 and 
1588. In the winter of 1G61 Googc went 
abroad, laaring ■ oopr uf hil maouacript 
' EcloguM ' in the handa of hi* Awnd Blun- 
denlofi*. On bw rMum to England at the 
end of 1663, or darly tn lUi.') he waa aut^ 
prised to lean thu hia poenu nad been sent 
to pnea. After aoow pannaaion frnm Blim- 
deratORc be bIIowmI tbi* pnUication, and they 
appean^i uoiJvr ibe title' E^'i'va.EpytaplHa, 
and SonnetM,' tli^, l^tno, « ith a 'itidicatiaii 
to William LoTdaw, f>iad':r of Onty'ii Inn. 
Oopiea aR preserved in the Uuth,(.'aiiell,and 
BntwcQ Unnuua. The eoUeetion compriMM 
eight flclognes, four epitaphs {on Tbomaa 
I'haer, Nicholas Orinanld, and mbers), and 
Bttmntnu so-called soonau (addirassd to 
Aleaandgf Kowell, Biabop Bala, Uidiard 
Edwards, ke.) limn wen two wvfuut 
imnrcaaiosia. 

in 1568 Oooge was qipoinlod one of tkn 

![iie*n's2eottenw»ftttsioncra- Me U'lmlbad 
linisrlf m the wammtr of thai year to Mary, 
daughter of Thomas l>arr«U of the tnanor- 
bou*«, S:otn«y, in LaniberttBM parish, Kent. 
Ui^yuvatM oecUml that abt waa iindtT a 
prvTiooa contract to narrrHampSf Ml Ijrntiard, 
ddest am of a rich Luiond proprieuir, John 
L«nnarduf Chevening, near'Tuntridgi.' Wvlla. 
Cecil tntcmated himself in ibe matl'jr, and 
engaged Aicbbiabo^ I'arktTa inlliwoc* in 
Googe'a favour, with the nsult that the mar- 
riage took plaoe S ^b. WtHt-i. Som'- ini*- 
iveting corrtwDondenee on tha subject of 
Googe s betmtnal awlthesntgcd pnvounlnct 
waa printed in llTydgm'* * l{Mtiluia,' iv. SO?- 
311. Tn U-70 appeand 'The Popish King- 
doms, or IIiMtfiie of Anlichnot, writlon in 
Udia vene by Thomas NaonoigBB ^iidt- 
mmjt*\mA cnglyibad Inr Bamilio Doogv,* 
4lo,mwhich only ooepcrwctcopy, pTHwrTnd 



Googe 



1^9 



Gookin 



in chtt Unirenity Library, Cunfaridcv, is 
Icnown to bibUof[Ta|theni. It oonsiata of four 
booka,with aprrfaco nod a dftdica-tory epistle 
h] Ci*t.'il. The fourlL IkmjIi Lb purticmuxly 
vtlunUe ffir ita eunoua tiotie«i» of [xipular 
mutoms iiud supurElitiung, ^wtrt^, and pits- 
timM- A I raiti>lati(iii of 'ThcHpiriliinll fluit- 
boodrie of ThumBfi XBOjccor^i-i,* wilh « dt^ 
dication to (Jnwn F.IimiEm-IU, wnn appended. 
In ir»i'l floofcv was wrir bv Cml on wnniN- 
to Ireland, and in 1^2 ue tva^ appointed 
nrovti*t mjirshfil of tb« prrtideiicy court of 
Coniiau^lit. SoiDG of aia leil«n to C«cil 
trom Iivland are pn-iwri-ed anions the i>tat« 
pjipiTK, lojd haw iHHm priniod in '^olii^ asil 
Qut^rica,' yrd hit. vol, iii. Ue rfsimitil hi* 
poFl und n-cun3i<d from Iruland in 1CS>'>. 
' Foiire KiMikfH of Jfuiilianilriv, i.iilla-ctrd by 
Coiirftdiift Ilerw-bacliius, . . . Xfwi-l_v Eng- 
IiBht^d. and incrciUL'd by llarnabi' t_iuupv. Ee- 
qiiiTp,' 4ti», appi'An-cl irt iri77, with a ilrdii.ii- 
tion dated from Kingtion (Ireland), 1 Fttb. 
1577, to Sir Williiuti Pitxwilliain, kntglit; 
reprintiy! in lfi78. ISHB, Um. Sc, Oooge 
apo1>>(p»M for any faiill« in biolrnnalatioQOli 
ttiP RTOimd thai in- • m-ithc-r had Icyeiiro nor 
quicim'^Hi! nt Ihe dooing of it, neither after 
Uie dooinp had dicr any tjime to onerlnoke 
it.' In 1578 hv pMixMl n prottii-upifftlu to 
Bomabe Kidie's ' Allarme (o Kuf(l'>^'d.' and 
hi 1670 pub)ifih<Hln tmnfllationof 'The Pro- 
T*rbfj» of thi* mibln & ii,-oorlhy Smildicr 
Sir .lamcH I^pfw de Mpodnia, tnarqiiM* of 
SantiUttiitt, wiib thH Paraphruee of D. Peter 
Diai of 'I'rtlivhi,' Hto. He diM in Februsry 
16fl.1-l (and waa buricHl in Ookerin^ Church), 
learin^ a widavr and ^ight children. (Jne of 
his sons, Robert, wan fellow of All Souls' 
College, Oxford, and another, Ilaniubi-, bi- 
came mB«t«r of Magdalene CollL-ge, Cam- 

A Krprint of tlip ' Popiah Kin^^dome ' was 
edili'd by Mr. Robert Charli-s Ilopo in 1880; 
(Jii- ' ¥.f!:l<m*' »re inL'luded in Afr. Kdward 
Arher*!!' F.nglieh Rppriul*.' (1871). fioofre 
wae hijthly eatt-rnitil by hii> conleiiifjorarieB. 
TurbervilV hii-i Inudalflry notiej>B of him ; 
Robuison, in ibu ' iti-ward of "VVickednesse,' 
1574. plflcen him on TIcUron wilh LvdRRte, 
Skolton, and others; he is commended in the 
metrical preface bcfon- Jasper Ut-ywood'a 
translation of SonMa's 'ThyMtc*,' I.'ifiO, nnd 
again in T. IVv V'ereen to the Jt«'«der before 
Stodley's Imnslntion of SonMa's ' ARnnipni- 
non.' Webbeiiplly dctrcribus him ae 'ap^n- 
full fiirlhiTeiiifliinrniufi.'flpfciailyeommend- 
iag lheiranMiktioiia(in the 'Foure Itooies of 
Ilnshanilry ') from VirniTx ' Kr-loK«r)«.' The 
charminj; |)iA.«roraI vom-n, ' Phyllida wa^ a fair , 
maid.'prinlbd Is 'Toltcil's MiBCellaDv/and . 
reprinted in * England's Ilelicon,' havo been 



Bflcribed lo Oooge; ihey aro of far bigbd 
merit (Lan any of his autbeatic * Egloki^ 
KitMii aMributes to fiooKe ' A Ki>vry* 
(rifte. dediRnt/>d to tlw Pop«'9 lloliiH-«s . . . 
by B, ff,, Citizen of London,' 157t>, Uo; bat 
thiB l>elong« to Bomard fianor [a. v.l • A 
Kewe BooW called the Sbippe of r^aiepude 
wrillt^'n by G. B. anna 1B6U. Hvo, and ' Tbe 
UveKbrovf of tliv Oou1« , . , tranahiLtKl hj 
h. G.,' 1677, 8vo, bat-e also be<en doubtfully 
ns^igned lo (loogu. Wartoo (fbUowtng Oare- 
ter) mmiliiniK anions (Jocf^'i* works a t> 
lation, 'Ariatotle'e Tables of the Ten CaK 
HXjries.' In 1673 appeared ' A l*ropbe 
lately inmivribed from an tUd ManuMTij 
of t*oftor Barnabr Googe thai lived in tfl_ 
IU!ignof(}ii,lClitaU.-tb.predicting the Rising, 
Meridian, and Falling t^nditioa of t be Sialei 
of the I'nited Prnrincea. . . . Now publisbod 
oiii] i^xplaincid,' 4to. 

pA'urtun'sHitft.of Eo);lish Povtry. ed. Bailitl. 
Iv. 32S-ai: BiydgM* K.»liniU. it. 3*7-11, 
afi0-e&; Hunter'a Clionii Vnctim, Addit. UtU 
3l-tB7, fol. 3(7-53: Cwpvr't AUi«dib Cuitalvj 
ii. 89-10: Xotea and C^ueriM. Srd aer. to!, iiii 
Arbor's IntrMl. to Good's Eglojr" (EiigiiJi 
pnrit«), 1871 : Hop«'i> Introd. (o Uio Pupii 
Kingdome. 1880.] A. H. B. 

GOOKm,PAMF,L(1612?-lHS7),wrii. 

OD tbo American Indians, bom about 161! 
watthelbird HonoflhiuiiUiiMkinbyhiDwi 
Marian or Mary, daughter of Riclisrd Itirdi 
D.T)., prt-l M-ndiirv nf Cnntcrbun'. Ki^nt, 
npphrw of Sir Vinwni. Gookin fq. v.] In tl 
autuunoflG21lbt>eIdcrGotjkiii,acrompatiii 
hv hi» win, Miili-d from In'lsnd to V)Tgiiiil_ 
'wilh fiAy men of hif cvrnt and thirtv pa»> 
wnirem.'aiid fixed bim»eirat Newport ^'ew» 
([Smith, OatfrtiH Hitttrie of n'fyimfl. 1818, 
ii. IfOl. During the IndianmoMacreof Matvli 
leas he, with barely ibirty-fiTc men, held bis 
plantation againvl the nativea. In the firing 
or Aunimer of t h« aame year be retumedl 
and by November was in uoMOerioD of _ 
raiitle and landitof (^arrinaltne.in ibvconnt 
of Cork, Daniel artt'd as api-nl for his fat he 
in Virginia in Febninry HKtO. On 29 I* 
Ifi;i7 hf rtbrained a grant nf 2,fiO0 aCTf* 
the upper county of New Norfolk, upon tl 
nonh-wo*t of Xan«>mand river. Two year 
lain ht- wax ill Kn$;1and. On 4 N'or. U>4 
'Cupl.-ItuniellGookiii 'had ajrr^ut nf fount 
hundred acrM upon Ilaiipahimnoek river. lal 
1013 h« WHS Fo deeply impnwed by tb« 
preaching of a puritan missionary named 
Thompson (Matiibb, MoffnoUa, ed. IS'SO, t. 
Rl>8) Ibal hn left Virginia, and waa admitted 
Inlu the Firet Chureh of Boston on 36 lilay 
Iftll. lie WOA made freeman only tbnw day* 
aftfr his admisfiion to the church, an indini-i 






Gookin 



153 



Gookin 



i 



I 



tion of unusual reqiect. HaTinf^ first settled 
in BMton. 1k> ww of Boxburj- 111 ltt4&-0, 
where Itn foiinilpd ihv public »cliooI, n'movod 
to Cambridge in HMk, and vha appointed 
ouitain of lbt> niiliiarv companT in Cam- 
bndge (JwHSeos, Wonder- Jt'orl-inff Pran- 
dam, ed. Poole, p. ItftJ). Id Vm and ltS61 
be wu elected* reproacntfttive of Catobridfiftv 
and in tbe Uet Tear wm duaou speaker of 
tlie house. In IK52 he was elected an oa- 
aUraal, and rf-cltcicd conlinuoiLnlr to 16S0, 
cxcrjiL at the May •fWtitHi of 1(17(1, when Iim 
waa defeated for hU noble care of the friendly 
Indiana in the war tlwn rsffitiK (.Sava»>^ 
Gen^ai. Diet. ^ First Set tUra in New J^land, 
u.S79\ On OAnnl 1648 be asBifrned to Cap- 
tain Thonaa Bttroagii the fonrttcn hundn-d 
teres of land granted lo bim iu ICf-l^'. lie 
madfl wreral Tuita to England. An cnderof 
the otKinci] of ctat« dated '24 July Ii^iOoulho- 
risM him to export ammuntiion to New Kiij;- 
hltd {Cat. Staff l'a,Mrr», Col. Scr. 1674-ltitiO, 
p. 941 >. Upfju the caplurv uf Jamaica C^>kiu 
waa aeni ihithei lir Cromwell a.s coinrntA- 
noucr fur H'ttlins the new coluny fmm New 
Englniid, and Milcd towanU flf i-nd of KVi^) 
(ih. Dotn. \e^, p. 0D6, and 16fi5-<1^ pp. til, 
6&1>. III!' inMnictiotu are printed laGran- 
TJUe Pt-nn's' Memorialiiof PirWillinniPonn' 
(u. S85-!0 from the books of iht^ council uf 
■tate. Qookiii's miaaiuii met with no duo 
BBM, UK muv bi* M>(.-n frum hinK-tti^rs toSerre- 
tary Thurl'oe t Thtirlur Slate I'apt-rt, iv. 440, 
T. tf-7, ri. 3d3. Copiea of the papera on I 
tbi« tul^t. iasuHl by tbe council neld at 
Boaton 7 March l6fiA, am in thv Rndli-ian 
library, Kawlineon MS. A. xxxviii. fl'. 36.V ^ 
270). liookin wm in Knpland in 1667 (cf. 
CW. Staff Paper*. Doni. ItlTiO-eO, p. Jftft), ' 
and on 10 March 16&8-9 waa commiuiounl 
br ihe eniincil of state to rcceivt the duties , 
at Dunkirk (lA. Dom. 16&&-9, p. 30i.'J. The ' 
committee for Bunkirk reoommended him, ! 
on 30 Aug. ItViO, for iho poi^t of dejiuiy 
treafturer at war, lo maidi? iu Dunkirk and 
•uprnnleodull the financial arrangements (ib. 
IJom. IB69-O0. p. Itil). At l!.e Kwttoration 
haretureed to Amt^riukiin companv with l\\v 
ifgicidM Kcl ward Whalley and 'Vil'lLamGoflv 
\n. T.l| who remded unHi^r hi* pmt>-elion at 
uunbrtdge until they were sen tl (I N<!wllaven. 
Tht king^'s eommis«ionera reported that he 
dedincd to tlelirer up Bomc cattle suppo«ed to 
beletifr to them (tee A CbUtt-tion of Oriffinat 
Paptr$ rflatiit to ... . Maa*aehuM:lt» liny, 
Bom on, 1 7' V. p. 420 ; aim Caf. -St'/tc I'aptrs, 
CoL &c. \m\-», p. 345). In It'iAd h« hml 
hoen appointed br the geueml court suptrtn- 
tendent uf nil th<.- Indianw who hnd ■iibmitted 
to the goremnent of Moonirhu^'t t*. lie 
waa reinstated in 1061, and continued to 



' hold tbe office until his dt-ath^ although bia 
protection o{ tile nxtirea madn hiin Hn|K>pa- 
lar. His work Hugsealed his ' Hisloncal 
CollectiooE of tbe Indians Iu New England,' 
cnmpli-UHl in lti74, fiml pulili'hi.'d in vol. i. 
of the Maasachuaet t« Historical Society in 
1793. Prefixed are epiatlea to Cbarles 11 as 
a ' nursing father ' to the chureh, and to 
Robert Boyle as gOTemor of the corpuruliuu 
for propagating vba gospel in America. Iu 
167i ho oompletod an ' Hiiitorical Account of 
the Lkiinga and SuHeriuga of thu ('LriBtian 
Indinikt in New En^and in tbe years It^fi, 
It)7tl, I')77,' after King I'liilipV war, firat 
puhlished in tbe ' ArchKolngia Americano,' 
li. 4i;S-i'>34, Goukin wae the only nuigistraie 
who joined icA^a tHiot fq.T.] in opposing the 
harsh mea«ure6 enacted against tne Natick 
and other Indians,andconsequeutlT subject I'd 
himat'lf to rt-proacbea ftom ni» fellim--magis- 
I rates and inault in the public stn-uts. In 
\i^t'i Gookin and a minister named Mit- 
chWl w«raappoiii1ed tbefint IioeDMm>of thtt 
printing-preeeatCaubridge!. Th«fir*it mow 
invut towards a purcbasa of tbe province of 
Maine by Masaachuaetta tain a lKterw-nlt«n 
with oanatmunace skill by (lookin to Fordi- 
tuindo OoreM, dated '!•* June 16li3, and 
print<^ in tne' New England llistorical and 
Uenealogical Kepster,' xiii. :U7- W. A |»o»t- 
acript 10 his ' Ilititorical CV>lWtiuiu ' inliinua 
ua thai Gookin as eoriT as 1674 had half 
finiftlied a ' Hintory of N«w EngUod, eep^ 
cially of the Colooj of HaBaachiiaetta, ia 
eight books.* lie took an active pari against 
■ lie meoaiuiH* which ultimately li-d to ths 
withdrawal of tbe colonial charier in I<i86. 
Ilii was with oThera charfpd with uiisde- 
mi'snor by Edward ItandoTph in February 
1681 before the lords of tbecouncil. Uookin 
TM^uestod that paper in defence of hia opi- 
nion, which bo drew nn sa his dying testi- 
mony, might be lo^d with lli« court (lirst 
published in the* New England Historical 
and (lpiic«l(if[tca.l Uegister,' li. 168-71). Iu 
l6dl Gooldn waa appointed major-general of 
(be colony of JIassaohueetts. lie died oa 
10 March 1686-7, and was buried at {'-am* 
bridge, where his e|Htaph may still be read, 
ITo WAS married thn-i^ timM. Thf liM-nae 
fnr his Boctmd [narriiige, (o Mary Ihiliing, 
KTanted by tbe Bishop of l^udun II N'<jv, 
l6SBfdeacribeshim aaawidower,aB«d ulHuit 
twenty-aeven (Ciiesteb, LimrltrnMarrioffe 
Uceneri, lol'l-IHW*, ed. Fo-ler, col. 6«7). 
His third marriage 0>etween I67A and ItWi) 
n-a." t^t llnnnab, dBii|;htiT of Edward Tynjr, 
and widow Tin IOCS) of Habijah 8aTage'(o?. 
Hev Enf/land Hiet. and Oeiteai. Jltff{»ter, 
ii. 172). She aun'ived him. All his wvoii 
children are belifivwl to haw boan by hia 




aeoood marriaf^. I le died so poor tliat John ' 
Etiut solicit lhI rrom Kobvrt Boylo ft gift of l 
10/. fur Lis widow. 

[SMliabutj'ii pHinilr Memoriuli>, [it. in; Hdl. 
of StAto Fnpan, CoL Svr., Anioricn anil Uie WmI i 
IndiM. IM'i-ea-. Winttirop'g UuLof Mcv Eog- 
luid (SAVaKO, 1823), ii. iZ'i.] Q. O. I 

OOOKIN, StB VINCENT (I5»0?-ie38), 
wtUit ngainnl. llie Irul] nal ion, jnuii)ioiit Rou 
of John filiokin, psq,, of Ripplo Cnnrt in 
Kent, and Cutli^nnt!, daiifflitur of Willinm 
Done, wiq., nf UnreTftd in thf. Mvme poiinl^, 
jm|ieaFs to linve settled in Iroluad earl^ m 
tnc m-vent«enlli ct^ntiiry lift tcniitil in fi-*-- 
aimpli^ undi-r Ui;nrv Iltsucher (and tiub&fr- 
<juetitly under Sir Kiclmrd lioylc, fintt earl 
of Curk, wild puri'baiKfJ liui-cliur'* gnini), I'f 
the uiHUorof Oi-iite Malum in the biini^iiy of 
Kinabuealn-, co, Cork, pnrt of the ' witpionr ' 
ffmnlwl by'k'lUTM iiftU-tit (30 Supt. 158-^1 to 
IliiLrin Bfwvlier and llugit Worth its ' undcr- 
teitera ' for iltc pluutuULia of MunsUjr ( AV/ea 
artd Cfufn'f, Tut wr, iv. HU; KtryUKh HUl. 
Hfivtfic, iii. '2tt7). 3ir \'incont (when and 
for whsl reiiwjn HnifflittHl w mil know-n) wnn 
a m&u of con n idem til <• f-ntiirprisc, mid was 
soon remarked as one of the woalthi^tit men 
in the Aouth of Iri'lnud, possr^sins proiicrty 
Ir Kngland and In'knd.iuid dcrivingitliir^ge 
incoiut! I'nim hii> fir>hiTy iit Conrlmmvthi-j-ry, 
and frnmhiBWonl &()c)iBiR\usmKi,Famttff 
Mfmorialu, pp. S9.1-li). In KjiJt«^ nC Inn p'wi- 
tiou h>' biltprlT hntw! Iriahmpn, and in XiVA 
bo created couBiderahlo dbturbunce in Mun- 
trter by piilil^K)iiii)i nnd irimilnlin^, under the 
form of A lnl.t«r adiire.iflfd to X\\e tnrd deputy, 
whatwaadescribwdby Wentwortliiw'AnioBt 
bitter invectiTo n^mut tlw whole nation, 
Dscivc*, old lLiigli»b, new English, Papist, 
r^tastant, ftiptainSfSoldiotViand cdljirliicb 
. , . did »u jjKOOiuo, I miij ray «nrax«, all 
•ortfl of people agaiiut him, « it wtis eiH- 
di^DL ibev would liATD Iian^ud tiiui if they 
could.' 'rhit niHtttT w«» taliiii up by piirUii- 
inent,and bo 'wnndrouafoiil and scandalous' 
wii» tbo lilx'l, tlint \Vi-n(\v"rfb ctwirly pur- 
Cei^'fid that, \inli3(ui prompt measurea vere 
taken by the crowti to punLsb the oifpnder, 
Iho question nf the jiidiwituft> of parliament 
— ■ wheriiin,' Im addtrd naively, ' 1 difihelieve 
Ilis Mftjeery w»g not so fully re«olvi'd in tbe 
convcniencf and fltni;^ thorcof byanv cfToct 
it batb prodiiwd, »inco it wa^ rwiored tt» llm 
IlouBc of ParliamieDt in Kngland ' — would 
bv raised in a must obuououii fashion. A 
pursuivant with a warrant for hie arrest 
waaimDicdialelydefipatcbudinloMuiietffr.but 
two dnvM Ix-forii his arrival (lonliin had fled 
with hiB wife into England. The constitu- 
tioual quwtion of tb« judicature Uiuh raised 



fitill remained. Wealworth boldlr ajib«rlNl 
tluU in (|U<!»lion« of judicature, aa in matten 
of li.-{fitlaturv, nothing, accordiiut 10 Poyiiiii^ 
law, could be dettirinined by Xhe parliamMnt 
lliat had iiol Uiet been tranantlled as iiood 
and exinv^ii^Jit by the drrputy and t-ounciU 
llo nevertbdeaa lecunusaa toe necwvity 
appeawng tb(>tr wr^tn by inflictinf; » **-f^m 
punisbment on (lookin, Tlie ofii^niN', he A/^ 
clared, would bear ■ 'deep fiae,'and Gooki 
Ix-ing ' a rerr ncli man,* wa« w«U ablo i 
undergo it. t>rd«r Traa acoordin^ly giTPO \/f 
th^liing and council 'to find out andlranxnut 
this audacious knight ' lo hv (srnnuml in the 
mimcil chamber (STE4FTOSD, Ijrtiem, i. :tl*- 
S40, 393), What bis puiusliment was or 
n-htiltier be maniifi:ed to wradt;- \l dutn not 
apjiruir; but it \e probahle thai hft nerer 
ngnin revisited Ireland. He died at his 
ri-Kid<TnCf at Mighlirld in niour<r-«t4-r«liin.i <n 
A Fnb. I6,1S, and was burii>d in tbe pari ' 
cburrh of Hilton, Ho niarn«d. fir»t, Mary, 
dwightiTof Mr. "W'nodof AValdmn, by whoi 
be had two sons, Vin«>nt and liobert, bawides 
other childnn who diod voung; wfAindlyt 
Judilb, daught^^ of Sir 'I'honiaii C'nxtke of 
IWItiuiort', CO. Cork, by whom he bad two 
i^onir, ThuLuuK and Ulmrltt^, and live daui^h- 
tem, and Ki<vi!ral other <-bildr>-u whn died 
yoanff. The bulk of bis property in I^nglalul 
and belaad poseed to his eldtwt tiou, Vioc«Bl 
[q.v.] 

[Edward E. Sali»l)iiry'a Fatnily Mrmoii 
3 pu, priTAicly j^riiiti-d, N*w Hjrni, Con 
1S85: Ni'iT £u|{Uud Ili*loriaaIati'I Ouiiunli)]{i> 
Hrginirr; Notm and Qaeriw; .'^'rrttfoid's 
tew; Warr'a Writers of Ireland; Iti-iled'* Kant;' 
BiTr/s KiiHtiiihPniigrew; Ireland's UtMory of 
Kent ; Sim's ladut; PreadNgaat's Cromw«lllan 
Settlement of Ireland.] & D. 



on 

i 






GOOKtN, \TXCKNT(lBI0?-lM9).-n 
vi'vitr-p'nfral of Ireland, eldest son of 
Vi'ncent Owkin [q. v.], appears sbortlya: 
the dwith of hi* fnthf;r lo bavft dif>piW«d 
his Olouceftterahlre property to « I>r. t^amuel' 
Itave, and to have miirrati.-d xn 1 rcland, wbere 
Uu cnnlinuL-d to ru.iide duriiia the remaiudtf. 
of hiiilifw(A'o^M<i/n/ (iufriet, Ut mt. i. 493 
AUboLigh a finii bvlifver in the 'plantati 
politrv ' UH u meau>» of rwluciiic Indaad 
■ mviliiy and good government, be was nna 
of the few cnlonietG whi> really aevm to bave 
hitA til*' iulrrvxt nf Ireland at henrl. Tie it 
chit-fly known to us as the author of tbe 
remnrknble pamphlet, ' ITin Orwil Cam of 
TranejOantation disnUMwd; or cerlaio Co 
sidfmtiona, wherein tbe mauv Rreat inco: 
veniencM in Transplanting ine Nativos 
Treland gnnerally out of the three Provi 
of Lelniter, Ulster, and Munst«r into 



1 

dtf^ 




Gookin 



155 



Goold 



I 
I 



I 



(tf Comunplit uiff shown^ Immbly 
UfudvUTd to vvtrry iDdivKluuI Muuibcrof Par- 
lukmi-nt Ifv n Wrll-wii'hfr t'i l!n? gnoJ of the 
(^nunDtiwpnUli nf ICn^Luud,' 4tu, Luadun, 
for J. C, I(Vi.'>. In ihip [Minplilrl Gookin 
^adearoured to prove thnt if not intl<>«l itn- 
powiUe, it WRfl cprtkinlj rontrsrv to ' ndi- 
gioo, profit, nod safnty. to Birictlj Mtforre 
tfatf onlen and iiulruciioas f*ir ih» rf>nioval 
of all thp Irifth nalivo's into QmuKUght, hia^.-A 
up-ju til'- act T'r il«; @»l j»ru«t iou vf tlw ad- 
Tvntuivnof i'(>Se[tt. lltoU. Tills |inii)|flil(<t 
is ttvidontlj vfiT ran-. It is n<» uiuui iorLi-d 
iiy W»ru in lija ' Wrilf o of IrtSnJid.' Thure 
i« a copy tpcrhaps luiqtu.*) in tho Ilnlidiiy 
CDtU-ctionin tliif Itoynl rri»li AcMilMny. Mr. 
J. P. Preiidern-M , who lirat called attention 
to it, gives a fairly coinplcl? abetnicl of It in 
liij» * f 'nimwelliaii Si-Mlwmi-iil.' Tlmiiiili i\x- 
CKtnlinAyicmiteTnte.'mhstoiis.'it unnifdialuly 
eliiritpn Kftharji rejoinder from Colonvl lUcluinl 
LawTPTWr, n prtimiiH-nt nifmber of tlio com- 
initI««of tnuiit|iluiil4iiiuii. Oookio replied in 
* Tlte Author luid Gmk of Tmii»plftnring lint 
Xrisli into C'viiaaujjlit viii<lic(it(?d fmm the 
uojtul oaperaionBot Col. It. Lftwreiiee,' 4to, 
LcKidon. iii^m. He had b«i'n chargt^d with 
bring o d'f!(*n4Tal« Hii)()ii>htuaii, ntid with 
having heen romiiited by ihe Iriab. He 
d«ni<>» the diniyL- imli^untly, anct mty* tbat 
he ■KTM i-i«ct*-i liv tW Knglish of K)njiat<^ and 
Ilimdou 1u tbt! uii<i < Uarvbouf^ I parliumeut, 
aiulbiiicoiiititiK-Dtflbitdsbownibcirrfgnnlfor 
bim by "Rvriiiy lojwy hiitfxpensi-^ to Hngland. 
Tbc cviitro''t"r»y forniji an episode in the jin^iil 
strugiple, rulminAlinf; in the A|>poiTitm<-nt of 
ttvoij < Villi wi'll M. cbiof governor 'if IrvUiid 
in St^tenlttT I6'w>, for the iiibstitut ion of a 
■ettlcn civil ^vpminent iii placQ of ibv rule 
of i»cliini''iiriillii-''r!«. For lU-nrv OroruwoU, 
«ven p"rliiij>» more tliaa for Olivt-r, Oowkiu 
felt, n profound adminticin, and kctima to havH 
hi-^n ttii" amhoriif the 'Ancient I'rotestaiite' 
Felitian' in defence of thfTunnvr iufain«t ihx 
attack* of iho military rliqtie. Tliere is an 
iotvriistiny at.'couni of iIm? prvseotalion oftlii^ 
ptftiliou to Cnnnwell, in u lnU'-r by (io^ikin 
to ILfury Cromwt'U, iu Lansdownc MS. 
No. K-i-i, f. '^0-7, dftted 21 Oct. liiWi. The 
of ihu potiiion, which, for prudential 
B, was uol ptibli«hi.-d, uinr hf Katherod 
rflu)MM|iipn( telt*>r by Gookin to thft 
" on -SJ Nov. IOJWVThdblob, State 
r, r. tUH-&). Dookin'it views on this 
and mhi-r topics of Iiiatoincftl iapofUncc aro 
im ■■'■-"" ■ -"'i imdlijiFnt. 8pealfingin Ui67 
of : itln^ Rill at that time bi<foni 

par! '.. ' ".iV" 'Inmyopinion thiiM- tluit 

*pt<ak »|raitiFi th<' bill hfiv<> much Uj ^y in 
jtniiit of mnml justice and prudence; but that 
whifb makes tuo f«ar the pouin^ of th« bill 





ix tbnt chiT(!l}yhUhlK'^ni^'^'(^^en»D<^t will 
be more foiuidud in turco ana murv rvmuvtyi 
fiMni that nntura] foundation which the 
pL'UpIo in porlituaent are dosiMiiH to ifivu 
him' (lA. vi. 20. S7>. On 7 July lOM !»» 
was appointed, along with Dr. reliy und 
Mih?» .SynimT, 1o apnortion to the itLililinrM 
tho londx allot Utd lotiM'm inpnyTni-ntoflheir 
Rrrie«re </>o«ph 'Surv*ti,p. ISo). It appefira 
from a letter to Henry Cromwell on H April 
ltf.'7, pL-iJiiouing for an, ubaririucnl uf rent 
on lands ^rallied hiui in I (i50 ' for favour ' 
( Cartf MSS. vol. sliv. f. 360), tlint h(i did not 
torn any i)f hii« oQifew to ht.i own personai 
ndvuntago {La/udotrne MS. Xo. f^'2'}, f. 30). 
Ilv npn-tfrnf^ KinNtb- and Itiuidun uniK'r 
the Commonwi'alth, f-xocpt in HiW, wh«n. 
for party purposes, he surrendered his R-nt 
to Df. Pftly.and succPMfully coiii*r>t*d Cork 
and Yonghol agoinat l^ord Bmghill {ih. f. 23), 
He diftd the stinie year intestate, letleni of 
adrainixtnition V-ingprantod on 17 Jon. IfifiO 
to biswif.?, Marv Siiloion of Dublin, by whom 
ho had two sons and n duui;hter(SAUgBUBTt 
I-'amiti/ .Vfitwriait). A» tulcTaiit u* he was 
enlightened, he wa.-; a man of strong religioua 
conviction!^, and nn ardent rrpuhlican. 

Hta younger brother, Ciiplain HUBERT 
GouKlir (if. l^fl"),of Courtmncahorrj", SLTved 
in Ireland dunnu the civil war, taking u pro- 
niin(;ur purl in the defection of x\»e Munfiter 
forces in I'HS, and being aclJvuly eoKURed 
in Ihc sum-nder of Bandon in the fdhjwing 
year. In Ifi.*i.iii pnwuaucwof an agreement 
with iheeommiMionersof the parliauient,ha 
forlifitd the nbhoy of Ross Crtrb<TTy. t-o. Cork, 
for which he afterwards cIoiuK-d and r«;eived 
compeiisution. Under the Cominoflwcialtlt 
he p.'ceivi'd coiuiderahla grants of forfvitfid 
land, which, i:i urder to itecurc at the ap- 
proach of the Iteslorution. he conreyed to 
Kiit^T Hoyle, oarl of (.>rnTy, taking a lefiBC 
of th^m for one hundn><l reara. lie died in 
1666-7(116.) 

[Sdlirbur/B Fuinilj Memorinla: NolM and 
Qui>rie«; I'nicidi-ifpiat'a Opoiawpllinn SottUmeut ; 
TburluaRtAtc I'dpcra, rola, v.ri.; Somen Tracla. 
vi 2S0, 3'l.5: A<r<lit. MS 18086 t. 20(. -JL'.U6 
ff 1(W, 1*2; Ij^MKinwnn M.S. No. 822. ff. •^3-30 ; 
Pottj's Hi«t, uf llifl DuwD SMtniy, ed. Gwieral 
Ijiro-iA for the Iri»h Arch. SoeieTV. IS&I.1 

H.D. 

GOOLD, THOMAS|17a«?-1846),aina*- 
I^-r of ih.) ootirt of chancery in Ireland, waa 
born of a wealthv prutrMaut fuiuily iu Cork. 
Coming to nuhlin aU:iul I7H1I he pnwet-ded 
to tH]iiand<>r hit patrimony, eonw 10,000/., iu 
rioting and enlertainnienljt.al which Oratton, 
.Saiirin, llu^h<', l>h]nket:t,and otlutra, are Raid 
10 have been pr^aent. Having come to tb« 



^t 



Goranus 



*56 



Gordon 



eod of bu ntourcM, be appliml hinueLf 
soalooel^ to priuiticu ut tba bur, Ui wbiub bv 
bad beuti calli^ in I79L. A pmupblcc in 
defence of Darke's ' Itcflcwtidna on the J-V^ncb 
Kevolutiuu,' 'uguiiisl all bU uppaat-iiL*,' 

Sjned kirn tin; boiiuur of an mvitfttiim lo 
micuiifSf^U. und ua introduction to Lon) 

FiUcwilliriiti, iniiili- iiwlii)i.» l>v Ihi.' viotrojr's 
prompt rfwaLl. In 171H» (iixild wrott; an 'Ad- 
arie«s to the IVoplt- of Irobind on theeubwct 
of tbe proioclftd l'nii-.ii,' ami s.itt in i.lit>1aftT. 
aeesion of tne Irish parliament oa a member of 
tbo oppoaition. In iJ^ltil he K*'*''^' evidence ot 
the bar of tlit: lluu»i.t of Coiumuuit upon ibt! 
inquiry into Lhe conduct of WiuilLiuji tiuin. 
Mfaowbilu bit* pnurtici* hiid biM'ii rnptdly in- 
civaitiii^. Ill 18^W.II.1.'umuicall«hiui(me 
of the most promitieot tnemlinrs of the trisb 
bar. and tiu had been aiipuintud third H-rjuaut 
in the prcvioii* y<-nr. liidm^ it )iiig> Im-i-h xoid 
that he was the best nisi nrius lawyer who 
vvvT h>-ld a brief iit th*- Iriiih bnr. In IK-Stl \ui 
inu Bi^ointed hin^'f* ^fnc-ant, and a master 
in chanMry in \t*iii. lie died at Liaaaddl, 
eo. SUgD, the seat nf 1ii» son-ln-lnw, SirlL Q- 
Booth, bart, on IG July IH-lti. 

[Ann. Ren. IBM; W. H. Currau'ft Skolche* of 
th» Irish Bm. i- 183-207.] L. C. 8. 

OOKANOS, GABERAN (538-5(J0P), 
king uf >^iit1tnd, viia the son of Domftanliu 
(Doutanurnni, »on of F«rgui« Mor MacEftrc, 
and U rwkoiied n^ iIim forty-fiflli Jting uf Scot- 
land uwordiii^ to tltefictiliouficllTYinaln^ of 
Forduii and iKK'buiiun, but, according to the 
rectified climtiolnjf^' of l-'urh^r Inn<-» und Mr. 
Skvue, was fyiirtli kinjr of ihn lungdom of 
Dnlrindn, fniiiidt-d bv In* ^iiidfjithcr Ferffus 
in r»(K}. He BUcceedBd bis brothi-r (.'on- 
gaUus I [({. v.] in M8 (Tigeniach), and ia 
callod, as hip fatlitT nnil brothor al*o arc, Ri 
Albain, which may imply, as Skene f i4nt<'''<t», 
Tbat during tlirir rL>i^9 the Ifnlriu'l kingdom 
had extendc-d b>-voiid its original bounds iti 
Ar^'^'le and the istes. llncbunan |(ivni, fol- 
lowing I'Virdoun.n full but unn*1iab1u si^onnt 
ofllie event* of the reign uf (iMniiinii, wlmm 
hu makes tin? HllTof Lolh.kin^ of the I'irt.^, 
\]in it|H)nviuuH of LottiJAn and (be conteio- 

Enrary of Arthur, But nlmont all we rcftlU- 
now of it i(i the briff notic*^ of TlgernacL 
in lliM yiiar oIlC), when he rii'ordi the death 
of (iabunn, king of Alban, nnd iho flif(b^ of 
tbo ra^n uf Alhnii before Itrude Mac.Mailcboii, 
VUiff of tbi* Cniithnieh fPicts'), Tie waa 
succeeded in Italriada by Conall son of Cou- 
enlhis, his hI^5tho^. who TfigTiedllll riT-i, when 
Aidan, tiabhraiiV youiijinr K>n, was inau(nt- 
ratod kinjif at lone by St, Ooliimba, in yrv- 
fvivncu to biH vUler brother EoRBnan, and 
through the iiitlueure uf Columba obtained 



IbI- ^ 

tb^^ 



th*'^ r&eoKnitioaji^ffi?*?T)feK'U of l>runieT.'«t ' 
(515)of(livin<^uiidt>iicvnf^otii»hl)alri)(ila 
from |jibiit« foruM-rly exacted by Iri-Ii I'nl- 
rioda, nlthough the Scota Vrryt-Xo \aat£! 
to atwHi I hi' parunt vtock in iviir. From ll 
king liie Cinal (or tribe) (iabhran, one ot'th*' 
tbrw puwerfulB, i.e. powerful tribu», of thl- 
riada who ot.'^-iipiiil Kintyrv, (^wall. Nitil 
wvenil istanda on the coa*t of Aryyle. dtri* (41 
iLn nninc. The uth«>r two imim the C'inaLl 
Jjoam in Lorn, and the Oinat Anpis in IsU.f 

[Inuc:*'* Critim! EoMiy on the AAmmt In-J 
hahitADtd of .Swirland ; Skene's Chronit 1» rf] 
ricta and Scotii. aud CitUic ScuUaDrt. *ol, i.j 
Jl«9v«s'» Adamnan.] JE. il. 

GORDON, SiK ADAM OB {d. l^XK) 

warrior. [See OiTBDOB.] 

OORIXIN, Sra ADAM 68 (A M 

lord of Gordon, slAt««man and warrior^ 
till' euu and b»ir of Adam d« (iorduu in Iter 
wickahire. Ilia great-grandfalber, likewis 
Aduii de Ourdon, was yoiingvr aun of 
An}fl(>-Ni)rmiin nobleman who oune to 8eab 
land in the lime of David I, and eetUed oni 
tract of land r.'iil<-<(l Cnrden, withiu Mcbl 
the Engliuli biirdiT. The furcnnd Sir AdauL^ 
p«ndfolher of the fourth ^;r Adam, marrivd 
fVJicia. only child imd lieireAa of Thoman da 
Qonlon, woo repreaeuled the 4;1der brsncb 
of the family, and by this alliance the whoU 
est.atos were united into onu jirojKirtv. Hi^^| 
son William tin llurdon na* one uf tni- Hcot-^H 
tUb imblM who in X'XS joined Luui* IX of 
Fnuicu in Ins cnundu for the recovery of lh*f 
holy Heifulcbni, mid died durinir the ex|ietli- 
tion. He waa eua-eoded by hie brollier. tl 
third Sir Adam, who dii-d i>n H Srpl. I^tl _ 
and was Riiccc'^ded byhU> son, the fourth Hil 
Adam. An historian of the Gordon fatnil] 
says that thie low Sir .A dam joined Sir Wi _, 
Itiiui Wallace in 1-'U7, and the otateiwmt tri 
accepted by Lord IIoile« aa corrfct. It 
, iirobablv ituv, ai> th? l-^u^lisb «#iaies wc 
furfeiteil at (hat time, bnt were r^covensd bf 
Manory, mother of Gonlon, who aubmitiad 
to lli« KniiliKh ruin and lirnn(ilit In hrr Mm 
ftoreat inheritance on both sidiM of the border 
Tneyenr ISUSwnn »p-nt by Kdwaixi I in Scot 
Iniid, t )n his rt>tiinitnKnifland he carried wit 
him certain sono of t he nobles OS bostap's, I 
Gordon followed a» a depnly with power 
nrraniro for the piu'tflration of the country. 

About 1300 fiordon confirmed aever _ 
charters ptrantrd bv hi'i piwWosaors to the 
abbey of Kelgo. "fhe earliest of thuM wa« 
liranicd by Richard de Gordon, elder mo of 
ihv founder uf the family, previous to 1160. 
In 1303 tliKre wai* a formally dtilcd 
ment betWAen the mnnkii of Kelso 
Adam Gordon, kni){bl, regarding aom« 




Gordon 



1S7 



Cordon 



\a the villigft-llf 'llordon, fiivrn to l^em b; ' 
lAdJivw Pmser about. li'Hi. 

Altrr the romiuilion of Roliert Bruw: aiid 
«cc«wion of Eclwitril If tn tlie KnglUh 
, reft«in 8cotttnli nnhli^mpn contiiiucd , 
ply fngsjfed in the lLngli«lt int«nt«l,' 
unoug whom Abntronihii- mi>nti»nii with 
^jorTDW ' the t'yrmeriy bniv« aixl Itonyet. Sir | 
Qordon.' And till 1314 Ooiylun wu i 
(lispoMxl tovurU lheEogh»h kiuv, frain | 
rbdin he rnr^iv^ various mark* or nvonr. : 
fin IA08, whf>n ^'iltiKm Lnmben, BTrhbiahon ' 
9t St. AttilrfWH. vrhti had heiin iraprisoura 
tlbv Edward I.wne liberaiiKl by hia nicceMor, 
~:'fdon with other? IwCMinv siiroty for hii" 
nmpliancv with tlir- rondittonn of hU releoae 
(|Cb/. of iMxvmimts nlating in Sv-thnd, \\\. 
4). Id I-IIU hp wa« nppoiiit^-'l jiiarioiar pf 
[ScMbfid {Ui. ui. -mv In Januan 1»Il> Kd- 
Jmrd II waa at Vork, on his way to invade 
|.E«>>t1and, h»i rosolvfd to tn>at fdr ppactt. u)d 
■Yor ihni ])ur]ii>M^ aupoinied Duvid, earl of 
1 AlhuU. Gordon, and olhiTS his pltMiipoun* 
Jtiaricf. but niihout any^w^ fHult. In Oc- 
llnbrr li'tNt liiinldD, aliiu^ with I*atrick, earl 
it March, wsa dt>]juted by surh of tbe ScoU 
Isa rtill ri.'tuaiiitMl faithful 1o thu Knf^lMh iii- 
[tfivsl TO lay l>ffnn> Kdward their miR^rablp 
[ooDdiiinn 1^^. iii. 'SSi\. The kin^ T>xi(>ivwl 
|thria cracintulf, and on 28 Nov, fonaallr 
j>liea, oosouncin^ hia intention to lead an 
[•nny to tlu^if rv lief uext jiiidauiiimer( i'trdrm, 
u. iM7). In a liilitT dBii*d 1 April ihu bdu 
yvmx Hdwant nannlr cunini(>iii]M In (Iim pope 
John and Thi>tna«, aoni of 'a nohleraan and 
^mtrlaitbful AdaiD Gordon,' who wem to Iwve 
I bm-n about to viiit I(«1t- Afior th* halUti 
f>f Bannockbuni in 1314, (iordun no lonser 
bBtitalwl to acknowli'dit'' Bmne aa kind, rl* 
\wt rordiall]! welcomed, and wm tjmMAj 
)nutnbef«d with the l^"*^ moel tniatw 
frir^ndn. FWtm Thdmao Randolph, earl of 
M"ru\.h" •"'biaiui'd th'? barooy uf Blitchrl 
iu Iloxbur](luliin>, which waa couSmed to 
' him and hi« son William far Robert I on 
SB Jan. l»IG. In I.t^fl Oonlan, along with 
1 6ir Edward HabinMm, waa aent on a apmal 
miaston to tbv popv al A viKnon. Tbcy wen 
llieanra of the m^morabti- Mter aaaettiog 
the independence of the- kin^ilinB, dtfad at 
I Aberbrothock on 6 Aiiril 1890, and weac 
leharged with the twofold dutj (n eftetinir a 
nmtu'i lint ton lx<4wei^i Kinf; Robert aad tb« 
e and paving thr war for a peace with 
ilawL A* a rvwarrl for fiutbiol •arriea, 
\ inemdiDfT hrip ruvdt^ml in aobdiiin|r Ibe r»> 
buH' ' '* •'.-ayn in theaowb wati-ni. 

Cviiir. ii'-d Inhioi uul bta bmra 

thf loni'iiii'-'i -^iniihbcmtFiii Aberd«enafain', 
, which bad Wtowed to narid, ead of AtboQ. 
' Cordon beatowM on that lordahip tlw 



of Hunlly, &om a villain on hia Uerwidt- 
fhiri' iMtfltv. HiH fldi'lity to Kin^ Robert waa 
c<^ntinuvd to htn fjo uid fii>cct.«eor, Dnvid II ; 
and he wa<t killed on VI July IS.1.1, fifrfiting 
iu the van of the Scottish amy ul the battia 
of llalidon Hill. By Abomnmbii! Iw ia duis- 
bered amon^ ihe moat tniBt«d ftiends of 
Brtice,'allervat peraoaaBW and the gloriotia 
anor^lors of many in all rtitjH«U aa mat aa 
themselves.' From Gordon wmwleoneariT 
at)thc«minent men of that uame in Scolhina. 

[DongU«'RPMraecpp.2tfA-C.et:J; Cmvfofd'a 
r(«Tag« of tteotlaoiil ; C!ha!iaiT* '« TalMlouia. ii. 
S87. »4 ; Uhw d» K-K pp. 8«.»; . Kymw'a 
F<»d«rB. pp. 6 1 . 82, 9i. 2S2 . 4SI . MS; Abirmnn- 
bie'a MartuJ Achiftvcmcstaof th*SMiitMb Nation, 
i. 583. MI-3- Hwiory uf (h» AaiimU, JtoMa, 
acd nicutneua Hovm of Qordeii, i T-B : Coa- 
ctaenut««7«f tb* Aniientaitd lUwarlont How* 
of Ooidofi, pp.l»-2S : Ocv^w vt (KwdcmUNM'a 
OeaMlooT of the Earb (tf SntbMaad. pp. SI. U, 
4*0^ i.T. 

OORDOK, Sib ADAVn (if. 14021, var> 
nor, was aon and har of Sir John da Gtirdont 
a kniffht distiBgniabed in bonlw warfan. In 
the ' raid of Roxbun^'f 1377), wbm the Enl 
of Hatch maaaaerad all the tnt^lJab who lad 
nme lo the aantul fair, Ctarina waa a princ^ 
tnl aaaiaUnL, in mnag* f'tr which ■ band of 
Goglifih raidera broke in ap<m bW IukU and 
earned olThia caUle. Gordon inradad4h« Kng- 
liah Ade of tb« border and waa fanagias bona 
a larp buocj mih but priaoaan iilaa ha 
waa mmceplad by 8ir John Liiburn and bla 
Intlur, with wiioDi a talttu waa fought 
iKsr Oarham, Northnmberlatul, Uurdoa waa 
woanded, but rirt nry waa ninad and lb« two 
brotbm made pnaonerm. lla waa also in Iha 
dtrimmof the Rcxilliali army wbtcfa, Tindnr iba 
rounc Earl of Itoiiglaa. tmrarlad S - F rf h um bi«> 
lui'lfn l-V«.(»diagwi(btbabal!l"'if iMKfT- 
hara on Ift Aag.,«bam lloitKtaa wtih many 
ocfaar 8cQtli«b nebUami waa kilU). On 
ISJoftatbeaaaw nw HoUrt II -• • ■ Itim 
a chartar eoaJnug b> him at. ra 

tbelaadacfStntbbtMpaipvaiK' <1« 

Oosdoa (d. laSS) [^v.] hif Kiku \UA»ni 

BrWOB. O crfw waa inflU'lMi! in N>. JrutMl 

am7wtthwhadk,tBl : Im 

tWMed Enplaad. 'I \,o 

EariofNovdituBbvTUii'l ■> i' \.„t, 

thaBeoUptaMMndwiilut «' r. - ,.h« 

gaCvofXrweaaik. TbajrbadMachMl Wx^Im 
oo tbair hoaawanl jownay wlwa Iba a tf|<f' Mf h 
ofaaRagSafcatajforeirflUin !'• lab* it)f m 
• DoiBuWopi Hi" 'f1t»7 W-aiBii 
•dertbad' iia|| 

HrJeha d' i ,« 

Oordaa kad baaa at t-:.-. .i* 

faract agya. Oankaifall'. ,J| 

Bwyntoa a fetgmMm^ Bii . ; 



Gordon 



158 



Gordon 



thu ("jHit by lib reconciled eaemv. Tli*y 
oh&rg«dlbu English at lbi.-lii>«i:l <>f n hiindiv^ 
boBwineii, and inllicris] mut'li Hlnugliter, but 
weroov«rpowered anil slain. GorOon left two 
ilkUght«rs,on<^ of whom died cnrly; theotlier, 
KUubLab de (Jurdon, murHvd Alexander, son 
of William Selon of Seton, Edinburgh. On 
Sfl July 140B thv Uuko uf Albany, nvunt of 
thd kingdcnn, cminU^ a charter r^nfirming 
to Aloxnndf-r Setan and Elizabt'lli Oordun, 
hcdrew of Ooidoo, tW barony of Honlon and 
Hunlly. lWrwickj>liiri\with othnrlands wbieli 
iind fonuiirly belonged to Oordon th«ip ami in 
AlwrdeeHFiliiTc. I'Tomlhii* couple dwrcnded 
the «rl* of Htintly, tiit* dukes of Gordon, ihv 
dukeaof SuLtitirIand,andothL-rni]bli>ran)il)e-i. 

[XtoiiRlu'it I'tengtr tf Scotlitnd. pp. 206*0 ; 
Oordon* Uirtory of ihv Family of Oonlon; 
QonloD of QoriotMaaoa GeDoalogjof the Earla 
tif HaLhL-rUnil ; It*g. Mag. Sis., pnnt«l 1814. 
p. 23A; Vt'yutoun'i CMaykil. Xook is. c. ii. p. 
zxTt ; Fordun's H«otiehrontAin, od. Ooodall 
U. 3S4, 434 ; 'rytler'a Hintary of BcoUand. iii. 
lA. 131.1 J. T. 

GOKDON, I/Olti> ADAM (I72R?-180]), 
generaU colon*"! of llie Iflt royal reffimeut of 
ftwt.govwmor of Edinburgh t'astle.fiiiirtlmon 
of Altrxandfr.nocoiid duke of Gordon (q.T.l by 
hifl wife I..ady Henrietta Mordautit, uaugnte'r 
of ibu fitmniiit Koxl of IVtorboroiigb, waaborn 
ftbout lj'^i\ and I'tiTcrud tbt: aniiy aa oangn 
intU- ISlhroyal Iriuli ftxit.iii Scotland, Muon 
aftvrCiLllod<'ii. In lT5ShpbccametieutenKnt 
ondcaiituLii ^rd foot Kimrii*, and waa retumod 
to pnrliaiu(^^nt a» nii?mb'-r fi^r Aberdeettahin* 
iJie next yvAF. He sat for that constituency 
till ITW, and afVerwnrili n.'prtwi'iilwd Kincar- 
dinvftbire from 1774 to 178f,whBn htt vucatoil 
hiswaC. In ITCSbespr^-edwitJi hiscoiapaiiT 
of the guards in thi- pxpt-dition to the French 
ecMid under Ocuunl Ul igb. In 1 7tl2 he becamn 
coloncUWIh fixrtt.and took that rtjnmcnt out 
to.ltimaira. Roturuiiift homi.' in 1760 be wa* 
entrusted by thu Florida ( ^) colimitta with n 
mctnorial of grriftrances to lay bcforp tio necrv- 
larv of state. IK' who mudi* roUinrt of ibi- 
Canif'ronianft in l77fi,poTemorofTvTiemniHh 
ID 1778, and colonel first royul reKiwicnl. of 
foot Ul \7S2. The««noyfierh6wflRarip.iintod 
commiLndcr of the tbroes in Sootland 1 North 
Britnin), when he took up bia rfsidc-nc^- at 
Hiilvri>od Palace, wbicli he rftpmircd t'xt#n- 
aivi'ly. lu ITWii'-lH-o-ameafull gvucrnlnud 
(fovn'ninr of Kdinburpli CaMlp. Iti 1798 ho 
Toral^ the cuinmatid of the foRWS in Scot- 
land, in which bf wAsauocendedbySiriialph 
Abercrombio, and diixl at bis ««at. The liani, 
KUtcardinnliin>,nn lH Aug. 1801. 

Gordon married Jane, dnu^hter at John 
Dniinmond of Megcinch, Pvnhshirc, and 
■widow of JamM Murray^ aecond duke of 





Alhob.'.by wlKinib»li"ft noiwup. She 
tohnvfi bei^n t)u>hen>ine'Of Ur. Aust«n'»»]iig 
' For lock 0' gold ahe l«ft me, ().' 

[Andaraon'a iicottiiib Kalioa, ii. Si 9; Fnator'a 
Mi-nibNauf Pariianwtit.ScuiIitiid. 150; Canain'* 
Uift. Becord lit Boyal Repnicnt of Foot J 

H. M, C 

OORDON, APAM UX1»SAY (1«B- 
1^70), AusmllAnpoot^wm of Captiun Adam 
UonioD, waa bom in \999 at Faral in tba 
Atores. He waa pduc&ted at Glielt«nh&ni 
Collide, when* hiK fatlirr was fitr aome tima 
pniffftwirof Hiiidu»tuni,and af^i«r paMunj^on 
to another school waa for ■ sHait tine at 
Woijlwicb, and uf)i>rw»nU knpt wtnf If-rau 
at >fertnn C(>llp(r<>, Oxford. Afti>r a sonw^ 
whal Btwrmy youth be left England on 7 A 
18r>a for South Aufttralia, wherf he jnini 
tfa«mnnnted pnlic' fu) a inxipiT. l>uiWng 
poI)C« be bec-aiDe n horne breaker, and in I 
married a Mijwi Park. In \iAi be rr^ftivi 
aome 7,0OUr. on bis father's death, and in 1 
wna elected to the colonial IIoaAe of AaMmbl; 
tt« a mviuber for thedintricl of Victoria. 1 
inu an octiaaional apeaker in the Uouae, bi 
did DOt ratsiu his seat loag. In 1807 ' 
migrat«d to Victoria and OMnvd a It 
Btoble at BaUnrat. During tniAi^riod nfhu 
life ho waa itoted a« an ndventurmi* steepb^- 
ehaaor. In 1f4V) ho vonC to MtJbounn'. 
and. with the deeir« of getting free from xhv 
aaao>eiiiti(ni» uf llie turf, determintn] to Mllle 
at New Brighton. HU first vuliime of pofma, 
publiib^Kl in 1B4IT, bad achievvd a confti' 
able reputation, and there was eTery prospe 
that: hiE succeeding years would Ik^ s| 
happily, whfn art unfortunate atlninpl to 
cure tiiB reversion of the estate of ICa-dntmE,'' 
in Scotland, I'tid^'d in fiiilun<, and iaduoed 
a n^tum of hi.K former morbid reMlesaneaL 
In IK7UbisBe('OHdTnliim<*of poems VMOub' 
lished, but. der>)>ite tboir «uc«««$,i>n '24 JiuM 
of the wiae year be eummitted enieidt.'. 

1 lis diiefworki were the following; l.'Soa 
Spray and Smoke Drift." 1807. 2. ' Buah 
llalliuUnnd Galloitiag Ubymt^is' 1 870. :i.* Aah- 
taroth : a Dramatic Lyric' A collected edi- 
tion of hia poems WMK piibliitliiil inlBHO und*>r 
the (^itorsnip of Mnreus Harke. Some aildi- 
tiooal poems, prow sketche*, ami bi» p-jlihcal 
MieecbesarepriiiM-d inn. memoir by Mr.J.H. 
Roes, entitled 'Laurpale of the Cartaurs.' 
A> a poet hf was Tigorons and musiesl, but 
exhibited little tnic pontic originality. 

[The lAUt«at« of tbn Ccntaim, a Memoir of 
Adam LindMyOordon, by J. Hoir!«ttRoaa, I8SS ; 
CUrko's pwfiw.' to bif powmi.] E C. K. 0. 

GORDON, ALKXANDER, third EaRL 

OF Htnrrtl (li. in'Ji), waa the eldfst 5on 
of George, second «arl [4.T.], by the Prin- 



rma, 
<df^ 



Gordon 



'59 



Gordon 



eesB AonabiJU, daughter of Junes I. A« 
\a» pueaU wen dirorcod od account of thtit 
triitiniuhip being witliin ihit forbidden de- 
grees of alBnitjr. be could only be legitiioated 
nn ttir gTimnd of their ignoranha and AoRS 
fidtn IMH> UiSDBLL*8 laquiiy intt th* Late* 
and PrMrtiem of Scottuk I'tenge*, p. &38) ; 
but perhapa tbe actual iv«Kni vthy be foo- 
owded ta thi> «&rldoni on Um dealb of hii 
fltdwriTas that the king Mwillod it. U« 
u ttjivd earl in a grant, fW Jan. 1**12-3, to 
him by (be kincof cmain Innda (Jtfg.Moff. 
8ig. 1. 2089). The historian of Uie * Uoua* 
of Gordon erroneoiuly ttaitEi that be also 
BURceeded hia btber a« lord high chaneellor. 
TUv moat important Iu^hiovemvnt of the third 
earl was tb« asaiBtaaco he rendered in tbe 
snbjugatiim of tbe weatem iaiea. In hVU 
h»ooK>peratM)witb theldngaod ifaoScoIiiab 
AmC br attacking tUi'ui frontbeinrth. Tbe 
ibllowtng yi«r In; »lomied tbe castl« of 
StOTDOwa^, held by Ton^uil HucImmI, one of 
tbe principid wieateni cliinf*, and C«)m{N^U(^ 
Dould I)hu, ivbo claimed the lordahip of 
tbe ■»!««. to lake refaue in Irvland. tnim 
thtAtimf the indcpend-'nt Innbhip of the ieles 
cmiwd IM Hxist (Gkeookt. Wr-ttem High- 
tmd; *A. 1881, pp. 9«-120). For hia great 
aerriora the kuig, on 13 Jan. 1506-6, con- 

■ finnfd to him certain huids and baronie*. 
'iaoorporacing tbcm into a free barony and 
mrldnm, lo he calhrd i hr Inrtmy and earldom 
«S Iluntly, tbe principal meflsuage of the i 
■auCtlbniierlycaUed . St rut hb-.>|^to be hence- 
forth oafUd the cactl<- nf WnatXy i^IUjf. Mag. 
S^. L SdOO). In 1<V)0 ti- was oiu< of th« 
gaaruton of a treaty of peac** with I-tng- 
bad. On 34 Oct. oT'thi^ jau he was ap- 
nunlad tlieriff and keeper of tbe caatb- nf 
InvemeM. A grant of lands waa given him 
lor tbe sapport <jf a gairJaon, vrith power to 
■dd to tW hntiflcatioiu. lie iraa in addition 
bound lo boild at his own cntoM on the 
oaatle bill of Invvmna* a large natl of StOtkS 
and limr> upon raulta, trtth a kitchen and 
cbapel (tA. entry 32^1. fie wm ahm re- 
nnired to buitd a f>mrr^ Kt InTerlochy (A.) 
Ui« juh«Jiciion was made to <^mbrac<i the 
eoiintiee of InvumvM, llom and ('Aithneaa, 
nnroT beinc gi'reB hiin to appoini dfputi™ 
WT •p««-)fi>ii uirieions of hi* Bberifiilom. It 
wan thu* principolty by tbf achieremente of 
H the third untl that the house of Huntly be* 
^1 ruii" niiiiivme tivt^ a11 tbi> iionbcm reinon^ 
^1 Huntlv with Unrd HuiW' li-d tht.- vanguard 
H of the Kcobt ti tbx tMttI- of Flodden on 
^B fl S^-' ' ■'■'■' 'od by ft ruri'>ii£ charge thrsw 
H rhr 1 :lit,iintl<;rHirTliAma* F^linund 

™ Ho...... ^-^nfa«ion,butHumly'adivi8ii.>n 

wu in turn driven back with grsat alaugbter 
b> the charge of a rvHtrre nf Engliab borM led 




by Lord Itacie. Hewniooeofl ho few Scot- 
tub earls who e«cap«<l the aucceeding framagv, 
and, ihtt kiti|i; bt-ing amonir the •■iBin, wa.E, u. 
a parlinmeni belli at Fertti m ihi- i-neuing 
October, appointMl, aloitf with lUt* Vaw\ ot 
Augiu and thi' Ardbiahop of Glos^w, a 
council to aid tbe queen motb«r in tb« 
goramment. He ■ u ppo rt ed her and Aagn 
agaiurt tbe Earl of ArranV att«nnpt« ta a^ 
Eune tbe regency, bat afterwards »ided with 
th« DukporAlbaayagminBt Angus. Doriog 
the absen»> of Albany in Franco in 1617 he 
wae Hppoinled one of a council of regency. 
On '2ti VcK U>17-lil< ln-waamade lieutenant 
over all Scotland, wiib tbe exoi^tioa of 
Aivyll'a territory. He supported Albany 
on ms airiral fifam Fmiou in 1530 (Lbklib, 
Hutory, p. 116). Ud tbe plra of a 'lujie 
L^' bo, however, eieoeed hinuelf from join- 
ing the fom cailod by Albany to aasembla 
on 17 Oct. 1523 for an intaa Jooo f FIngland 
{CaL Statt faprrt, Bsaaj Vm, iii S4»4), 
and for a aimiUr rwumn be declinipd to at- 
tend the parliament held at Gdinhurgb on 
'iH Not. after Albany's rwtivat {A. 3>^1). 
He waa a^ain ^ipoint«d one of the eouncu 
of regeney wbeo Aibanv nhortlj afterwards 
left for Franc*-, bat be ^ied L'l Jan. 1533-4. 
He WBii kuriL-d in tbe ehoirof ihr Dominican 
ChupciK I'erth iUiMt. MSS. CWim. 6Jh Ri-p. 
p. 711 il; and on i^i Junv 1525 bin widow, 
Elisabeth Oray, made a meruit of certain lands 
to the Dominicans for th<> w•^al of her Mol 
and that of her bosbaod (i^. 71-t a). He 
wu twice married : first to L«dy Johanna 
Stt>waTt, eldeat <lao^)rter of JoUf carl of 
Atholl, brother atemw of Janet II, by 
whom hn bad two daugbt«n and fenr anas 
(GeorgTe, who died young; Jobn, father of 



George, fourth ear! 'a. v.\ and of Alexander 

alluvray[u.t \ ' ' 
aneeetorof tbe Gordons of CI luiy; and WD* 



QordOD,biahup'jfOalluwa> [(!.(.]; Alexander, 



liam, bishop of Aberdeen [ij. v.]l; and 
oondlr, to tvlixabeth, daughter of Andrew. 
lord Gray, relict of John, sixth lord f ilammis, 
by wbom be bad no iesne, and who suln^ 
qao&tly married GMtge, earl llothrs. 

ri>ongUss Pcottish Fearagr ( W»od), i. tih-6 ; 
Wtili«iD Gordnn's Hnm* of Uordoo, i. 9^12S : 
Bmbop Lf^«'a ITut. of HeoUaoiI; It^gitU* of 
tbe OrvntSeal of SeMUnd, Tol*. i. tod rl ; Oal. 
StUo Papon. Hmry VIII ; Itmield OrBgory'a 
Hist, of tho W««i«n Hixhlatid*.] T. F. H. 

GORDOK,ALKX.ANDKR(ir.]Rf-ir.75), 
biahop-elect of Galloway, and titular urcH- 
biahop of Athens, was IheyLiunger BUD of John, 
master of Huatly (d. 6 Dec. i6l7|, 1^ Jum 
Druamood, natural daughter of James iV'. 
He wan born soilie time between 1515 and 
lSlB,a» biBeldflrbrotbor,OeargB[q. ▼.],WM 



Gordon 



1 60 



Gordon 



In im tenth year when he sacfeedftd u fourth 
Kitrl '>i Iliiiilly on Ul Jun. Utii. Iln ami 
hill hmiher were brought up il* coni unioiui 
to ihi- j-ouuar king, .Tan]«6 V (b. fl April lull). 
Ill- [irifbiihlv rucivfil liitt •.•d iinitioti frotu lii" 
kiiiir'o ititnra, imJ aiMiina to havti Lad mi pro- 
fewioiui) traitiinff. IIv wa« a fHVouriti? at 
courl till Out king'.t ilonlli (Ifi-llJl, nnd hie 
bi^'b con !i Oct ion H opened to him a career of 
ftcflcftiiwtiailprcft'rracnt. Ahout )544hot«nui 
ndiniiUACratur of tlie diocese of C'iiiilin««!t, 
at the ti[UM when th<' biehop-olect. Itobert 
Stowurt. vfus iu Eu^Iund, undrr forf^il urt! fur 
tTvaMin. Ilml SiHwarl not Ijwtn reitorwl, 
Gnrdiin would have been hin aaccpa-vtr. On 
lh« dmth (if (litrin Dtinbiir ('I. I.1-17) [q. v.], 
Gnidon Wftfl electi^fi iirchbirfinp by tho cTi(ipt<*r 
of l)1n«|fDw; but tht- pleclion wns ditpiitod 
hy thft rrijiftiit Arrnn, and iti IftSl I*one 
JiiHurIII nppninted Jamee Beaton (IJil/- 
ICW) fn. v.] (ior«lon wa* propitiated with 
thi- titiilAr flrchbiflho|iric of Athpn*, and a 
promiaeot' the n^rt vacant hixliojiric in Scot- 
land. Itodfrirlt Mncl^'O.ti, bishop of the Mc8, I 
diotl iu lf>rh\, anil ttnrdoii wua appointed to ' 
thai see. Accordinc to TIew Scott b« was I 
cuiLwcmtvd un Uti Nov. Orub tiiids no ovt- 
dt<iH-<* that hi^ wnaever cinsecratud, A difii- ' 
cuUy would be cre6t«Ml hy lh« fact of liia 
innrriit^'-, w))icH look plnct- not Inttir thnn ' 
1513. With tliP Ben nf the laleH he hnld tJi 
cfii?i»u-Hifiir» t he abbacies of Inohaffiray, Perth- ' 
aliirt', and IcoIdiImU, Arfryllshiiv. On the 
death wf An<lrfw I>urie [q. v.], a urKdate of , 
the old lifliool, iu September 155^, fiordon ' 
■WaaclectPil to the bpo of Cialloway, rotaining 
IncUafl'niy, and having al^i Ihv abbacy of 
Tonglaiid, Kirkirndbricfht shire, in cMumfn- 
itnm. ][•-' touk part ( Maruh 15o9) is ihti last 
provinriHl-gPticrai couunl of the Hoot^th 
diiirrh, held in rhe IMackl'riars, Edtnbiugb, 
whicli rciftrtHii pntpfwalH fnr innovation in 
doctrinn, and ftfrthe iinti of the vulgar tonpne 
in public prayers, but agreed to some reforma- 
liona of dieciplino; and bi> waa ono of six 
dtj^iilHrit.'8 who were appoint«d advisirtt to 
the two arcbbishopa, Ho joined in ratifying 
the ci>nT>jn( ion of Ihtnvick (37 F«b. 1500), 
whii'b ■•sl.-ibliabod \hv Knahah tiUiunro an 
uf^iinnt FniniiL', and t>ouii fulUiwud Winnun 
and (irfyiion, bin omdjutont among tb« tax 
adviM-rs, into ibfr raiJia of the reformera, 
joining on 27 April IGOO tho contract 'to 
dr-fpnilthi' liberty of the evarp^ll.' At the 
parliainenl of AuRUst 1560 he voted for the 
artu whicli nanctinin-d the ni-w conffwuon of 
faiib. r'nountwl the jiiriadictinn of thr pops, 
and jirohibiied the mass. On IT January 1 iVil 
he subisorihtd th*' first bonk of didciplinv.ffub- 
utiluting Kupcrinton dentil for the hierarchy: 
but with a prorieo to the subacriptaoD that ex- 




iatingpreUtra ahoulil ernoy their TevooaM 
liff, nn condition of embracing tbe Ifc^fi 
rion, and making pmviRinn for thA minU: 
within their dioc^eB. Knox and Wod 
mak<- him the one in«hiU>, How Scntt 
'pi'rLapx the only ootuocrated bishop' v1 
joint-d (be refonnere Tcf. OfiKDoS. Willi 
li. 1577, biKbnp of Aherdoen: Sibwari, ' 
KBXT, biflhop-eWl ofCaithncas; Do 
Ada.1i. bishop of Orlfneyl, 

UunlonV adliuatoQ to'tjic rvforJaod ohordi 
waa dictated by motiveaof policy. H*i lhtv» 
hiiutelf into the movement with an 
e.^pectatioii of Hecuriiif; a pruiuinwDt 
in It. But thifi hop*' waa not t " 
th« nrmaindfT of hi» career t« a nenm 
etniggliMtntuninrjiin his former dignity, 
bonk of dificiplinv bad included his tlianse 
under t!w supftrint'^ndr-ncr of Dumfrife*, bal 
he claimed the imperinteodenof! of Oollowiy. 
Tlie i^enenil aaaembly, however, on % Jme 
1 ^v(M, rvifu.'fd t/i roTO^rniv' him as a saperiii- 
tendent till 'the kirlia of (iailoway CTm?«d 
him.' On 29 Dec. an cWtion waa Mdwed; 
it »eentt) »ol co havt; takvii place, for Oordm 
waa recognised only as the aaaemhiy's oots- 
uiwiouur for l.latloway, and bis Mcdoa, at 
rather inaction, iu that capacity made 
the fruhjcct of almost cotutant complamtsii 
the jL-utcrnbly. At an' intrrviow with K' 
in May IfifiS, Marr deficribed thi> hiihop _., 
'Cothenio' (M'Crfe would correct this 10 
'Athenia') aa 'a danjterouii man.' and un- 
trustworthy. He waa sworn of the P*i^H 
council, and on 'JO Nuv. I&OT) waa uuule ^^M 
MtrBordinary lord of se.icion, wbereupoo lU^ 
raiuned hi# vpitoopal title, and ' would no 
more/ aays Knox, 'be called overloolwr or 
OTomo«r of Gulluway, but biahop.' He en- 
eeaafully exerted himself in inoAtrt mcuiv 
from tlie wreck of chureb reventtea a prori- 
mn\ for tliu mini»trv of iho thirda ortbiur 
hi>nefioea. As a mem iwr of t)u< privy council, 
he wgued (JO Feb. 1567 > the letter to tbe 
auMn-n^nt of France, giving an account of 
toe murder of Daruley. He waa preseal at 
the me-eting nf t!ie pri^-y coimcil (3S March) 
which ordert^ the trial of BotbwoU. But 
he wai warmly allached to the eauae of the 
cjnucn, from whom he hnd received many per- 
bonal ravouni. On 20 .Vuril he signed the 
bond acquitting Bothwell, and recommend- 
ing him, though alrciidy married to Im nieee, 
a.* a RuitnblM hiiiihiiiKl fnr the i^uet^a. On iIm 
appainlment of Moray aa regent (22 Aug.) 
he lempnriivd, and took his plac8 in the pNT^ 
liatnent of December whirh confirmed Marv'a 
abdication. Tbeaaaembly. which immediately 
followed, nccoaed him of haunting the court,* ' 
neglectioff his charge for three years, taking 
le^ pre&rmaDt ' which cannot agree wi ~ 







Gordon 



i6i 



Gordon 



Um office ofjMstor or biihop,' ftnd tMigniog Nobl«'a Hist. iiRftodoKr at ih« Hraortn. 1799, 
'leabbacToriDchaflnT'mfarDurof'a youniF pp- >7*. 179: L»iiie*ii UUuof Seotiaad. ISM. i 

Ti > • . I 1. ' >-. • > -.1' tA :: 111 i<a. !-• I •_ #1 I n:.. -^ .■_ 



fid' i.)a>n<'4 l>ruinni<*iid>. In Bcc<>nJ wilS 
luual UMTlics liv mndc bu> Mibmii*ioa. but 
leajpiMl <4 Jan. LVM) big bet willi iis t>?u>- 
luralitirs inio tbi- kiiij^'H liandn. in TuvDur of 
bUKio Jcha. rctainititr. howfrer, tbo ^uper- 
▼iaioo wbtch be tli^riri'd imta lbi> aAAntnblj. 



7«. it. SI. I<X; GordoD'a a«iMd. Hut. of tba 

I^iriiliMiKir SoilMinand, 1813. p. M9aq. : 3li7p«*« 
.Vnnabi. 1824. toL L pt. iL p. JR4. rol. li. pti.p. 
IIS, Pei«ri[in~sAbriaf:iMfltof Arteuf A«enbiy, 
1831 ; l«-»i«'. TopnKr. r)ir«. of Se-i«lan(l. IMI, 
ii. SM; llO.«V Lif' "rf Kb'js. IdiJ, p. IM; 
Onib's EecLHiAof .S(v4lanii. l8l>).ToLu.; Bur- 



the boaci (ft Maj 166rt ) for b^r nrtomtion. Seouchwawa. 1M7, H. 5M ; WalcoM. aootino- 



Tbeaavmblv in July lia/l>-liiin cbooae iMtween 
omirtx and Icirlis, aud id the foUowhig TOU 
ii]hihitf-d him from 'any function in the IdtIl' 
Up rtiatiaued topimyfurtbt! i)U(><-ti iDjHibtic; 
•et^ aa Oo«of tM^^ commissioners in BofiUnil 
cn iK>IIay 1570. and a^n <m 10 Ainil I*i71 -. 



Maticaa. 1874. pp. 168. 220, 309.] A. O. 

GORDON. ALES AXDER ( IWr-lrtMj, 
of Kurlniuti, i-<)Vi'tiBnt'?r, w»i' tli« i-ldoBt iOD 
of John (iordoa nf Aird^ and EarUton, and 
Murv, dAiif;^t<>r of Jainv* Cbalmen of Cnd- 



•nlon l7Jiuu>l>')7l preaobediiiiUK>x'ipu)|Mt pnfi in AyTshii*. Hi* parent* wtn- inuriMl 
at Edisburgh bpfun> tb> •dberentx of Kiric- »> l-^^. The Qonknia of EarUiou in Kirii- 
ealdy of (rnuigv, wbo -mn holding a parlia- cudbrigbuhiiv wm- a cadet braocb of th4 
nitat bithAquMo'snamf. wbicbheattemlrd. Gonlonaof LocblnTor. nordflo'a^mt-mod- 
Tbi> a*M*mbry to Au^iut 1572 cbaigwl bim father, Alexander Gordon of Airda (1479- 
with inmdioc into the ninitlry in fMin- 15^), was ono of tbc firat to iotrodooe Ow 
lb and acKnowledging the qu£enV au- principW of th« rvfomiatioa ialo OallovaT. 
■ity. The caa« alood otw till n»xt y«r, Ue reH Wrcliffe'a N«w Teatament to his 
ben be was ordered (6 Aug.) to do puUic frnants and ottivn to tbc wood of Airda. 
penancvin oarkrlot.hnn tbrT>»auc<«mive$un- He bad a family, it is said, of elvvvn MO* 
OBja. a judgment ra>mmuti^ (Uuvh 1574) to and nint- dauxhters. lie joked ten of his «Hw 
Bl» dar'« p«rnance witbouC Mclcclotb. , 'o 'be- plooffb oo Chriftmaa day, made the 

B^'<*i^'^'> atti'ndi'd the aaspmbly which ' yomtgeei ha drirer. and himarlf guided tb<f 
opaow] on 6 Aug. 1575. lliis wu the as- ! abar?,by wbidi mwns bcaroided the ooofis- 
aemblyin which for tbc firal lime objections »tinn of his cattl« for profaning the feast. 
wn« ratMd (hut not sust^ned) in tbc law- (rordoB wm aorad heir lo his hther in 
fnlnesB oTanv form nf •nwoopacr. He di^ the land* of EarbAoa and uiluini on 2S Oct. 



1628 (Stl.<Mn Eirkaidbripht, Xo. Mf,). and 
to his KTandmothrir, Klijubv<h Gotdoa of 
Blaiket. I luQifneMhire, oa« of rbo I'lr-Teo 
dauglit^Tv and bstn partioners of John fior- 
dcMtof BUik>-t,on39JulTie34(i'A. Nn. ■JU7| 



at Clanr Hoiisp, Penninehame, WigtonebtPf , 
on 1 1 ?J..\- IW.V II.. marrird (about 1513) 
BartMra Ln^rie. daughter of tbr laird of lxi|n«. 
who •nrrtTt'd bim. Th« number and o^er 
f^ bis cliililrvn batr« bran Tmrionaly Btat«d ; 
arcoi 
dnan 

probabl „. , , , , ^ , ^ 

nendator of Oleoluce, in whose bvour the miaoDCartbive botira. TBe prosecutvr, John 

ICBpocmlUies of that abliey werv ei«cted into Hlendootng of Drammibe^ considerately ra- 

■ bwony by James VI in 1602: hcdiudearly fraiaed &mn urianiau tbe dNUK»r b«t ibe 

in lAIl; the Historical Matmx^ripto Cum- judge, oa hebau of t£e cnwn, obHgad Oor- 

minioo'* Aid ICvp. 178 mfistiane ' certane don to ind caution to appear on fifteen dajs* 

tiistru<!lloas atient ane tealaniMit lo be maid warning for aenten^ if required (TtTCAlBs, 

by Ijtwrcnoe, cnoimendatnr of ftleolnrc' C^minaJ TriaU, uL !)5i). 



dated at 'the rfa&mipll in Tongiutd refyftof 
FobmarylOSOrimo^]: (1)GK>r^, whooo 
bis father'A dtmtfa obtained the rpTt^oow of 
the arc nf Galloway, and wa« ita bivhop-dcvic- 
nate; bedifd bafore 1006, when liavin Hamii- 
lon was appotntad ; (6) Robert, in tb»- Mfrriee 
of QuMsn olar^aTRt of Franc*-, kill'-d in a 
Aofi : {ti) Barbara, tnsmed to .Antbooy 



<lonloa married in 1^1 2 Elisabeth, daufb- 
ter of Join Gordon of Mnrefai), aft>-rwarda 
of Panojiighanw, and be, his wife, aod thtir 
rtdest son wore all aataemed cvrrveptfiidanU 
of Sanoel RiMharfbrd daring his confiae- 
mf-niat Ahwdeaa'ui 1636aDd 1037. SvrtnU 
letters to than an printed in * Botherlbsd'a 
Lettera.' flrrilini irai riqiiirnd hj thalTiifcini 



Stifwart. rerior nf Pi-nniitff hame ; h(^ lalluT ofGaHowntopreacot an episcopalian earaU 

left her the lands ofUlaiy in tliat parish. to the panafc of wUeb W wax patron, but 

rHv*- Sroil'a Fasti E^ln .Scetic: Oordoai d«]iOed to do ao, aad far hia refuaal k«s 

Hist. Fam-of Gordon. I7S7.*a.i.: Kaox'a Hiai. cilcd farfnm tbe oonrt of awnniaaian, toad 

of the KofonBatioD, 17tO, pp. 34«, 4». Ul . five faoadnid merlca, and ordvsd to want 

TOL. xxn. M 




Gordon 



162 



Gordon 



himseir at Montrrwp. Cktrdon vrss cbosoa 
by the bamnB of nsllomijr th*ir reprewn- 
tative in pnrliRmcnt, and viui mi-mhi-r of 
that bod.T from UHl to 1649. He wan nlw 
M wi eH*T • member of thl^ ponrrAl a«- 
wmblv of the church of Scotland in Hill, 
ai)i] wM a prftnincnt member of t>ho com- 
niitlee* of war, and for nitJnK forws and 
taxes in thi« etgtrar t r y of Kirkciidbri^iht. 
In 1041 ho wa» ftU|ioin1wluDU [larliamt'iitEirv 
cvtnmiiuion for the fiirthf'r cfx&miciatinu of 
the Ktarqtiis of Mutitrosi! and others on trial 
with Mt>iitr<»«!, tW arrvKning of whom from 
(wrtain i-harjfaa he warmly nppofiMl. Utt 
Ktoully r'-pudiH.ii^llIu'dQijn* ofChHrliis I to 
ifclwiajt i(^ anpn^mary. IncotiTr^niiiijrabout 
(iofdon with the Earl of GaDowny, Charlt* 
joeularlTdiibbi'-dhim ' Karl of F^rlntoii,' and 
Onnlnn wh« aomntimes popularly >tn slvlpd. 
The kinf! wished him to biicome one of the 
NoTa Scotia baronf^tfl,biit Oordon declined tf> 
purchaw mich an honour with motii'v. 

TTv wax aliw app'>iiit«d on parliame^ntary 
cuminifvionR for tm- plaiitatioii of rlLun-hs 
am) raUinj^of taxMfbut on both of thi^ie, by 
in onUntBCe of parliamonl iu July 1144, he 
wa* i«p1acfld by James McDowidl nf narlh- 
land, bpjraiiK' ' that Ak-xandpr fiordonne of 
Grl>-«to»ii IK nil inlinuc thnl. hr* rantmt ntli>nd 
the wrric<> ' ITp was Bt-rirhftn wirb palny for 
aoine limi.' hi-fon* he diwl, which prt>al!y dis- 
abled him, but h^ continued in parlinmcnt 
until lfS49, and in that ypar was riomiiuilrd 
for a militnry eommaDrl in connection with 
theopvrationstlion intendi'd a^iinst thi^Com- 
moDWoalth of England. A» one of Ihv in- 
Ifireated bpritom ho took an active part in the 
arection of th(.> purifh of Caraphaini, Kirk- 
cudbriebt^hire, in 1(S44. 

Gordon died in 1054, and a oonlfmnorary. 
John l.ivin^fone, who liot'W him wuli, savn 
he was 'a man of ^eat spirit, but mnr.h 
■ubduvd by inwani nxwrciiw, and who at- 
tained thf most rarfl PTwrit^nws of dowti- 
OUtiiig and iipltfeinK ' ( * AlvrooraMe Cliamc- 
tentllin* printrti in-Sr/^rf fli'w/m/i'i/r^.Wod- 
rov Soo., 1. S13). Of hiR marriagv llior<!Wii» 
iaAiMtthrtfeaoRi and one daughter. Theeldiut 
son, John, ptvdeoewed him on 29 ()i-i . 1 At'), 
and the aacond aotl, William (I*il4-I(i7ni 
[q. v.], wfaoie »nn Aloxandt-r, also a cotp- 
nantiT, is aotieM in tbt* nvst artivU*, suc- 
CM-ded afl Laird of EarUton. The third son 
wBfl Robert, a merchant, and the daugliler, 
Mai^pinM, in Ifi38 hM^ame lb*- wifr of a m-igh- 
hounng proprietor, Fraacia Hay of A rioland. 

[Aria vf the Fsrliameuta of Scotland, vol*, r. 
■pi, ; McKerlic's HUtory of Laade and thoir 
Ovnan in Oallovay, iii. 414, 4tfi, iv, 73-4; 
Stnipfc(fD> TrarfitioB* of the CovmaniBra, ed. 
IMS. pf. 34KJ0.} U. P. 



QORDON, Sui ALBXANDEtl (law 

irafi"), of Rarlnton, eorcnantflr, (^hlf^i ma rf 
William rjordon ( 1 01 4 - 1 67(1) [q.T.] of Karb- 
lon, and Mary, dau){hler of Sir John llop« rf 
Craiphall, Fife^hir^, wa* l>ora in I6ft0. Dii 
ffrandfather was Alexander Gordon (IWT- 
1651) [q. T.l Like his father he bocaiM t 
smioua jireabylcirian. lie was pnwent ai tin 
battleof n<ilhwpll llrid^' Onpof hiatenuto 
wvM hiui duriiiif hi« flishl by dresaing hia 
in woman'H i^lotbt^A and «>^lting him to ivdts 
cradle. Within a ft^w dayt he wan pndatiii^ 
a r*!lH>l aiid rit»(l to appmrasaucb boiorstk 
juRticiarv court at Edinbui^gli on B FtL 
ItlRO. fn his abaenou hi* waa coodomoed to 
deaili and his fwtatna wptii forfnitM. Par ■ 
time he lurked in th« nt-ighbourhood of Ini 
own t<*iM,f», and tjid many narmw vict^. 
On oneooctuiion, in thndnwa of a fwtriaiit, bf 
helped the dragoons iu fi«archinf( the boose 
for nimwlf 

l)!i 11 LIct. 1681 Rarlston was appointed bv 
the privy council a military frarriaon. (lonkui 
escaped to II ^1 land aloug with his wif«, Jaasit 
dauffhter of Sir Thomas IlamiltAB of Preilaa, 
whom he had marrii.-d on 30 Nov. 1070^ Ha 
rflurned to Scotland early in 1082, and an 
15 March »f that year was with «ae Joha 
Nis^wf coniniiwionMl bj ihn ' aorieti<v ' lo 
pTorwwJ 1^ the Nfltherlands {FttithM **■«- 
tendingt, pp. I8-66V Ni»lH>t and (iordoii 
trnvelled toother lo Iiondon, but Ofisdon 
a]onF> ero^s^d 10 Holland. Up mlnraed mJ 
m<-t with his mnNTiriicnts ar F>lin burgh OB 
^ May 1683, when thoyreuewcd hisroaiiif- 
%ton, and that samv iiia:tirh>>aet out for New- 
eaftle. IIo embarked there for Hollaud vith 
B pcnon iinmcd Bdwurl Aitkeu. and hulk 
wnm iif^iEHd bv some castoms officiirt Tbrt 
were sent for trial to l^dinburKh, where, 
10 J uty 1 683, A il km wa«nondt!iiinrd lo dxal 
on theFimplo charjp* of harbouring (lO 

A trial wni^ thr>iif(hl nup'-rllurtitM, biil Gi 
don wn* aeviTal limi^ examined in refi 
lo his knowlodce of the Kyi IlDtisa 
His d<-]ti\«ItionA on tlioAe nwaaions. 
■10 .luno, n July, and 35 Sept. IIWS. wHb 
Ni«bet'» letter. andhi»owneomtmssioa Croii 
ihi; '»'ivtuliec' in Scotland, are priniad 
leoKlh by Sprat! in his 'True Acoount 
the Tforrid Cim^piracv affnin«t the late KJi 
puhUslicdl085,pp. 74-7,91-109. On IfIA ^ 
he had liei^n hrou|;ht to the bar of ihe jnitT^ 
ctary court, and the M'uLence of death and 
forfniliin- formerly pa»iM-d U|K>& him haiing 
hpen read to him. 2t* Sept. was fixed as 
the date of hi« ficnrution. Thekinjj ordifrd 
the Scottish pri\'y council to put Gordon to 
the torture of the bonla in order lo extort 
firom him the names of his ac-complic**, Tha 
council replied that it waa irregular to l 




i 





Gordon 



163 



Gordon 



autlefiMton tiler Uw^ bad been eoo- 

"danned to dMth, but tbr kmg raspoad^ hv 

iendin; Oordoa on 11 Sept. k rc^neve till 

L^be jmoikI FridaT of November, liordon 

^■AiHii thu tim« tniulr an irH-ffMrtual •■tfort m 

Bvcape. On 3 Nov. Cliarlw RXimideil the 

^bif nere Tor • manth. and a fortniplir lutpr 

^agais wrottt DrdBtingGonlou to Iw vxaimnvd 

br torlitre. Tliis coBimuid wm immMliaUlr 

00(71^. but Oopdon on being brou^t fi tb« 

Oooncil eliunbnr, 23 Nov., f^tlhn- ' lhn>ugh 

flaarordinnciiaa, roared om like a bull, mad 

mied and stniclE abouL himso that ilivhanf;- 

mftn and bli man durst ararre lay hand-i aa 

him,' and si laet fell donn io a swoon. On 

rvco¥<-ring h<- lutniid hrrrnl of Ibc roraliMa 

■ft anoog the plotlen, aa aome thou^bi from 

Budneaa or oat of doatjp. Thr h^ri of Abe^ 

dsMi, iben rbancollor, bow^rer, befrivuded 

him, and he was rtrmitted to Ihe care of tbe 

pfaTuduw. For greater <]uieinvc« tbcir sent 

him l»tb»<»*tl« ofEdinbuifcb. On IS Dec. 

hi* CMB waa aMiin bdoro tb« aoiidcU, wbra, 

■• it wia thought that tlu •xmuwd of a mao 

in a trt»U of inaanrtv would radan^rer faia 

lol, he W'BP fi-pni-TtMl unlil the Uet Fridav 

Januarv 1BH4. Ili» i-xwutioo wn.* onc« 

are d*'femJ. and on 8 Auir. ISM the prirr 

[^XMWcilwnt biDitoth'-ltawR<Tk,biit brotifjht 

lim hack Ui lulinhur^h on th^ 'J*2nd tn onn- 

It bim wiib Hpmce,and a reeolutioa was 

token by tbi> r'^uacil 00 thiaoocaMon 'not to 

Admit of bu« msdiieat tor on exoue, which 

thay «at«6nied ■UnuUted.' Oa the tHHh Ue 

waa oao^t in Om- iu'X of making BDofbt>r 

.«ttvmpt tovxcapp fromlbcToUKvithor ICtlin- 

■Iwfftb. The council dobaird wliether on ac- 

ftt uf thie atfgrnvalion uf bis crime tbu 

ay ftxnd for hia esrciitton, 4 Nov., ahniild 

. bs aaticipat«d. But it being found that 

btllB braaking of phwim wan nnt an oHV'nri- 

ible by dtwlh, Ibin cnnld nnt kif^ly 

WdoW; ao on ^ 8>'pt. (ti^v ordered him 

lo^ rfmoT'^l >o ibi^ ca^ln of RlacknoM. 

(.fordnnV impHiuinnient in Itlftcknem waa 

Yolnntarily tdtarod by bia wifi^, and sninf of 

tlK-ir (■hU<Iien were torn there. It t-oniinmil 

until h June I08if, though on Itt Aug. 1(187 

b« WW remmmmdod 10 the king fnr a nv 

aiaNOa by the Scottiidi council. Hi> um- 

I ploymeDt during his cunfinemenl conftiated 

I in wood-carririfc and th<! si udr of biimldnr- 

Bnne of the caivinps wen- ilhutrstinn.H of 

^«TRntaof hiauwu timMand fiunily hiiriorv- 

Tbf) Rarlatnii i-ttatmi wt-n^ imtiintl (» f)or- 

Am aftffr the revolution, and hu and bin 

fainilv rrtumnl thilhwr on IcaTiof; lliecaj^le 

«f nWJinuiui. Rut hix loAsea w«n^ «vicb 

, that the «atat« had to be «(>ld or heavilv 

BMRaficd. tn Ffbruiiry 141W (ionlon'nwif'' 

died. 'Are«covenanteRgag«avfit><iiitO'«rhidi 





•be entend doriof her •ojouni in Blacba— l 
CastW and b«r Ui«r life were printed aft«r 
her death, catitlm] ' I>ady BaHvton'e Solilo- 
quies.' They have been n^NiDled by ibeWod- 
To-K .SodetT at tbe end of the first toIubm 
of * Select Biogi^hiea-' 91k and b«r hii«- 
biad botb oorrapondM) with tbe eovenant^ 
infrpreaebcnRrawick.Cargill.aadOmeroii, 
nine k-llfrrt tt^ ih-ia by llie niinial<v« named 
being prialed in a coUeciion of Iteawick'a 
'irf-Itrra.' Gordon narrinl in 1607, aa hui 
>eM>nd wife, Marion, daughter of .\lexander, 
viscount Kenmnrc. 

In i;i8<(onlon but his yotingf^r broth w, 
Sir William itordon of Aftca, wbo had di^- 
tinf^tkhed biuiaelf in thi? Prasaian army, had 
aided Monmouth, and had been nade a Nora 
Sc^tiabaroDPl.'.'H July ITtMt, for his aerrioee 
to William III at tbe nvolmioa. Sir WU- 
liam (ioidau Acema to have redeeraed Earl^ 
tun fntm a fiunily who had purthased it, aa 
bo <>btai[i«d peraonal aaaine ia tbeae lands 
in 171:;. 11a died without iMue, and both 
his Ittlo and bi» itAatvs of AJloo paMcd to 
hi« elder brother. 

(kirdon di«l at Airds 11 Nov. 1726, and 
WBM buriral in the cfaurcbvard of Dairy. By 
hia first wife he bad iaaue thirteen cliildrcD, 
and by tbo second two. FTia »on Sir Thomaa 
RnweMed, and tlif^ family atill Aouriftluta in 
Kirkcudbrigbtfihire. 

t Lord rountaiahaira II isioriealKoti ecaof Sect- 
I AtEan. iaftl-8 (Baoeatyne Club), i. 3U. 
4A3. Ii. 45S-«I7: UeciaionB. Dp. 338-400 ; 
McKpr)i«'e 1li< at iho Lutda and tbelr Ownan 
in Gallovay. iii. 433-30, ir. 77-1 11. V. 

GORDON ALEXANDF.i:,fe-«»ndr)uitB 
o>'<'Jwi[iK*!f(ia7i*?-1729),M>uufOoorpB, fir»l 
duke of Uiirdon [q. \.\ and l^dy EltulieLh 
H a WB rd , eldLW t E u r V i V in g d n ucbl er of the six th 
Pule* iif Norfolk, n-iw Uirn liVimt Ifl78. TIa 
waft educated in tbe i-«tholic tkitb and re- 
tained the fHrnilyatfarbment to the Stuarts. 
On Al An^. 171A, on the evenf ilx^robcUioa, 
while he vran yet Murqitis of lliinliy, nn'.\ct 
for onooiiraging loyalty in Scotland ' rco-ived 
tbi' royal oswiit. Tbe deoi^ wu to obtain 
itecuriiy for the good behaviour of uupected 
pi;r8riQ8,aud autDmonws won- issued toH imtly 
ami olhent to repair to Edinburgh and give 
bail for ihciir alte^ance to the govemtnenl, 
iiuder iiain of a >'ear'a itnpriantiment and ot1wr 
penftlti«, ITunlly fnili'd tonppear. and pro- 
claimed the Chi'valivr St. Oi-orge iit (ioidon 
Ciwtle. On fi(*Kt., with thn*e hntidred honw^ 
mtm and two tbousand foot, be joined tbe 
Prel^nder's xlnndiLnl nt I'erth, »■»! \ra» at 
the hsMlo of Sht'TilTmuir, after whirh lip re- 
turned Io his home at tiordon Castle. The 
Karl of ^^uthcrUnd waa enplovi'd during the 
winter in auppreuing the r^>e]Iton in ibu 

u 2 



Gordon 



164 



Gordon 



nortliirm district*. On 13 Feb. 1716 11 fom- 
nuiy of hin ini-n to'ik pcMHVKiiidn of tlttnlun 
Ciuttle, (tnd to him IIiiiitlYcai'irulHlrtl. Ui- 
wti3 brnii^ltl lo Edinbiir^ in April and im'- 
nrixiiiitt iti till' rjosl Ic, hut nn furtln-rpiiiCt^tl- 
ingn wure taken a^ioi^t him, an<l \u\ uith 
«ome nlhei>, nlitjuned nanloii ' in r>-f;Knl nf 
harin^ quitti'd thf rf4>eU in timr.' 

Ilimng Ui» father* lifetimi^ Iluntly weni 
ftljrofid and riKiu-d "trTonil Eurcij>»-Bn court.*, 
where he was cordially welc'imed. Ho 
tonaed a special fricnddliip witli lb<- kin>^ 
of Prtufift anil lUv (}rajid UxAv of TuMTiny, 
]J(< married liftdv Ht-urit-tFa Monlaunl, i«e- 
com) dauclitpr of Charlie, ourl of Ptttirbo- 
niugli and Moiiumutli, aiid hlii cliliwl moii wan 
nAmed Ciunnn m honour of the ^and diiWe. 
At till- dtiatli nf bin fntber, finijrKi' (liirdi)n, 
first •inko [T ^'-Ij '" IT! 6, the mnrqiiis h>- 
came second Ihike of <tDTdon,iuidafl«rward.° 
took ti{i bis [H^maiiKnt n-«id»wcp nt Onrdon 
CaRtlf. H<) rontiiuied to corrt^pond vrilli 
the kin|{ of Primia and rlt« (jtrand Diikp nt 
Tiisenny. Tht kinj^ (K-nt him a fwll-Ienj^il] 
portrait of bimnelf intbe Priusinn dreae. Tim 
grand dukr aent liif bust in white marble, 
and a tiilrer font for tix cliriat4iiiitg of bi« 
gudaon, the younff Marouia of Himlly, to- 

?)tlivr with a Que »uil of tliMA airnour pit. 
ope <-lHmenl XII bent hix portrait, with 
ot&er valuabl<; prwwnU. Gordon had also 
b«;n honourably treatc'iJ at the court of the 
PrJnri' of Anr^iarh, father of Qin^-n Carolina, 
and for him lliu qne(>n always had a threat n>- 
jjard. Th" duVi*' lived clui'rlrat hami?, niain- 
taininf; a prirnflr myle. lie was handsom« 
in appw>ranc>?, kindly in dispoaiiioii, tibomi 
to bis Tf^nanla, and pencrous to the poor. lie 
died on 2M Nov. I72K. The ducb^»v diwl at 
l*re8tonhf!ll. noar Edinhiirf;b, II iM. 17fiO. 
ilvr funirly nf f>.nir aunx aud sifvcn daii^hicra 
were trai nod bybcriulb^ prol<-*1ftnt fuitb, 
for wbich in l~^t idi<? bad n pc-DFion of 1 ,000/. 
fruin tb» go«i*rnm^nl. Il)<m^ml l.>ord Adam 
Gordon, fciirth fion, ie sc|ianilf<ly notit^nl. 

|Dou)ilM'» Pti>ra(i[e, p. 044; Oordon'a HiaU of 
tho Family of lianlati, ii,36A; Gordon's CmeiAc 
]ri«t of llio HuuariDf Oordon; Umt'^ Hivl. of the 
]{cl>c1lion; Paanant'aTirar in tltooUand, ra. 142 
143.] i. T. 

CtORDON, ALEXANDER (1092 ?- 
1764 ?V antiouary. id anpjioiw^l to havtf been 
born nt Abi.'rdwn not l«t«r than 1002. Aftw 
taking Ibtdi-aTTi'of M.A.Bt tbt! iinivsmitror 
AbHrdt*n, wht'rn be dixlinguifih<Hl himnclf by 
hiiiclawtiiralaftjtinini'iitji.h'ii rfHirlt^ for a time 
in the oity.eking out a livinir 0* a t4'achcrof 
lanif^inRti»atid mnxifr. Tie iileo painted por- 
tmitfl in oil. He nlV>rwardn vi*it^d tlir con- 
tinent, at Oral ptobably &6 a tutor, and rv- 



tumnd bomc an cuLiiUiint French tmd Italian 
Hcholar.nnd with n ito'kI knowlMlp- of art uij 
antiqiiitioe. ITr told Stukfley that when tt 
L-apun w'iib Hir (i«)r(fi; Byu|; (afliTwimk 
Viwount TorKnglon) '\bfy «a\'d ttm fio» 
auipLithcatrv there, tlu> Srd iu liit> world, 
which tb<^ f M^nnani wcr*< p'in^' to piitl down 
1 o n.'pair the fortiGcatioiid. by ep^iakin^ to the 

5ovf!mrtr & ric* mv al Xsplwi ' (^tiTKKLn, 
h'ariff, '*i Jan. 1722-S, Snrt.-ca Soc, i. e<^»). 
Hi> Ri.udied music in Italy, and when lo Lon- 
don he oi'(>a.'>ionallyiAnfr in op^ra,aQd aoiivi^ 
hiis coiintrymm wa* known lut '.Sin-in: 
Sandie ' (cf. Sittkblet, Inc. cit, ; Mmiuj 1, 
'Ode oil thf Powur of Mumc' pp.xi-xii,pr>^ 
fixed to A[.i:XAKDBR M»LCOt.ll'* Trraliit ■/ 
.tfiuici;, 1721; .Vu/*-* and Qnerif*, 2nd m-t. 
\-iii. 27tt). .\t oiin ttuu> bv «|q)i«n> to bnvo 
bi-i-n an itint-mnt iparher of miwic, mnr» 
«pwially wbik' L-uUoctiug the materiak fcr 
hi« ' Ilinerartuin,'»i>roe liin>-b«forr- 1720. In 
that yi<ar Stukeley, in his ' Account of • Ro- 
man TpmpIeJ,\Ttiinr> Oonl and other anii- 
ijuilic^ mvir Grahnni's Dike in Scotlnnd.' "^ 

Enwued bio wunder that no Scoti^man 
itiierto inve^igntod thi- Itomnn antiquiti 
of tlie country. 'This,' aayi Uordoti, 'w 
suffifiont ttxcilcmcnt for me to protvmi iittU 
more Tigoroiisly iu colkviinf; what I had 
bo(rnn.' I'urin); tlir«« NuM-eiwivf y^ian" hf 
viitiied difliTL'iit parts of Srotland and Nor- 
iHutulKrltind, rxplorinj;, drawiuir, and nea- 
' suritig ancient rt^mnin.<i, at much coot and 
I wiini) bardi-bip. Libenil patrons, how«TCT, 
were not wantinj;, huoJi aa the Duke of 
QuctiUHbenr. to whom lli« Mn>rk waa aubs^ 
qiirnliy dwficat«*d, the Earlfi of I'eDibrokv.of 
Fiudlater, and of Hpnford. and Yiaoount 
Baleman. whoee cabinels h« wae o(t«n DO* 
ablBd to i^rich durins hii^ travejji at hanu' 
and ahmnd, I-'ilward Chnndlor, then bishop 
of Lichfield, and Duncan Forbe.4 of (7ullod«n, 
si that time lord tidvocalv. Hie great patron 
WBH 8ir John LHerh \<\. v.]of Poniciiick, Edin* 
burgihshin-. He was a froquent gnrat at Old 
Penicuick lloitae-, wbt^n- ho had acoesa (O a 
apk-iidid muKiim of antiqniliea, and waa ae- 
oouipaniMl by Clfrk in his North uotbriao 
*3ci>Iornlinna,Bs well hb in oiJi^rt ncar«T homfi. 
Tln' work, which had bwn larcvjy ^ubacnbed 
for, appmrod a« 'Itincrarium Sepl«ntriotiala; 
or, a Journey tJiro' most of thi- Countioi of 
ScotlKEid, nnd those in the North of Hturlnnd. 
, , . Part I. Containing an Ac^^ount ni all 
the Monument* of !{oin«n Antiquity, . , . 
Parts. An Account of the Danish InVaMona 
on Scotland . . . With eixty-^ix copper- 

Slat<'-e' [and nn appendix], 2 pto, fnl,, ly>n- 
on. 172tS (with a new title-p4g« 1727). In 
thin laboriuuH work Gordon proved himself 
an honest, painstaking Antiquary. '~ 




Gordon 



165 



Gordon 



liw tlworuw haw lung onoo bwm «xplod«(l, 
h« baa praarrpfd reonrda of ranhwnrka, in- 
acrtpuoiu, aiid relics o{ vorioiii' kinds, uf 
which but for htm all knr)u-1(>ilp<' wmilil liiivi^ 
faeen l<xt. Ttii! uppondix il^rivtil il^ r.bU'f 
tkIup frntn n Uutrtpi'*! i-orre^pcindf ncc coTi«-ni- 
iag ancittnt t>«|»utrlirnl rili.'v< in Itritnin hp- 
twwa Hir John Tlerk and l{oRi*r ( Jalp [q. r, ], 
w^ich Oordon brrtt nwdi! publii-. crfiitlj to 

tir HJiiioynncf {e(. ' H^llquiie (ioleaniv.' in 
moitt'a Jtibliotirea, no. ii. pt. ii. ; aNo 
rxELET, Z>ujruvaW Lrttert. :i\in<'VfS(K^ 
which (uutoin Gnquent nolirKU of < lonlon). 
« KpuUiqitMM for ihu in»lGgiiQt iUuslni- 
>D« uf lii« ' IliiKirarium.' On |NtRv 188 
the ' IiJnerarium ' (iordon announced 
intvntiun of iwiuing Id « fuw- day* pn^ 
sU fnr enf^iing by .lulvtrription ' A 
npteflt View (if tlw Itomin Wulhi in 
Brilain.' It i» much to b«' rwiy-ited tb«t for 
wmntofth« neoessary fundit ihir'-itirvey, with 
dimwiD|[s of all tht* inwrrplionB anil sltars 
diMowrnl, Ahould not hnvc appeared. Gor- 
don now stt'.-u)pi<.-d l'i |(fivi- practical vll'eci to 
a pvojfi^ for cutting; u nAvi^ablc canal b<^ 
Iwtwu ttt>.' rinh* of Clydv uiid Korth (Litlvr 
of Sir John t'lprk to Hogur (IiiIm, -^ Aug. 
1 1'Jt), in ' Ki-liquiffi Galcann' ' ). I'hi' MTlx^mc, . 
however, waa not n^w lu tin- gi:rvi<niini.-nl, ' 
who consid^r^ tliat the pmfite would nfit j 
answer tbv char^i.-. Gordon's circunL-ilanct-n, I 
alwaT* narrow, vrfni nrtt impn>v<il by th<- 
proaecntion of projects which nexfr re- 
paid liini. Ac<*ordinp to John Whi»ton, the 
London liooIfst-lhT, he wiw for some timp in 
pannt-nliip with John Wiluox, a hook* 'Her 
ID tbrSTn<nd, < hut hiseducatton, temper, and 
ttaunKfv did noi euil hJiu fur a trade. . . . 
Poii-crlT tempted him todit»luiDentT'(Nicnnt«, 
JLii. Aneci. t. 099, ur, perhapes wuni of hut-i- 
UcsM hahiti^ may havK r>-»df-nd him i-nn-I'-M 
to rvj^rd to money tnnsuctione. \\i» next 
pablication wiwi 'The l^ivim of I'ojw AJex- 
■niler ^1 and bin aon Crraar Rorinn ; ont- 
wsbmdinp tfav ^Va^6 in tli(< Itt^iinis of 
Charlf^ \ III and \,i-v,-\« XII, Kin^tt of 
FniKv, and thu diief TraitMict ion» and \\<f- 
Tolutionnin rtiily Troin . . . 141):! to. . . \hm. 
With an ApixMidix "f original I*ii>c('« rt-ferrr-d 
I thebuolc'L'pl«,fol,,ljO»dou, 171'!*. Tin- 
aui eooiainit ponraiia of AWandw VI 
of Ofpsar llortnv. iht- forni'T pn^buhlv 
n.>d by thii author. In I7*il a l''rvii(-li 
Fioa appfanKl at ;Vinfclt^'rdam in two duo- 
ivolumm. Awilitar^-dmmiitirntli-uipl, 
_De, or iho Ia(nii<iitor : a iwniedy,' ^vo, 
nn, 1731, waM (h't-miil l>y the tnauagen 
to be too claiuical f"r Kpn'^ti-niAtion (Raxrr, 
IH'»g. Dram'fici, ed. Jbl2, i. 29J, li. WI). 
]l4t wa« uiortt Auooi-K^ful with a tranitlatioD 
nf tb« ' De Ainpltiiheatro ' of tb« itar^uui 




I Fraiicraco Saipione Miillu), publi«h(>d us ' A 
Complfat lliAtory of thri Anrii-nt Amphi> 

I thuatnw, more pe4:uliarty n-gardi»g th^ Archi- 
ti-C-tur-' iif Iht-se Building and in particular 
that of Veronik. . . . Adorm-d with Sciil^ 
torts ['i5ijlare§]; a]«>, some Account of this 

' lefiriLp<1 Worli.'Hvo. London, 1730(2ndc(iit. 
folarued, Bvo, Loiidun [ 1736 f ] ). In 1731- 
1732 Gordon hud made •tome ndditionit to hia 
'Ilin(;mriuiUuj<;pU'nlriniiale,'ofwhi{:haLatLu 
edition wnii hciug jiivpiin^d in Holland- TluK 
tii'vnr apM^tred, bill, ttnrdon printed lhi> »up- 

iilt^iuuiil \k had pi>-iiiuvd fur it in n M'piirut« 
orm, <nitillL><l ' Additions and Corpectiona by 
way itf Su|>pb*ntfnt to tht- ItiiKjmrium Sf^j- 
^ t4>nirionali>, containing Ri^vcral dijwrtalinnn 
on, iiod di.weription« of, Itomun .Vnliuuitii^ 
di.icnvftrt^d in Seorhuid fiinpe tW niihlifhin^ 
the aald ItiHfaary. Toptlier with ifbwr- 
THtiiituf tin other Anciiml Monumcnle found 
in the North of Knglund. Ncvi-r bt-fori.' pnb- 
ll^h'd,' fol., London, I'S'J, :K>pp. and -I plates 
(Ixri-licix). In 17^(iLirdoii wa» nppointr_>d 
secretary" to tht; Soeictv for the Kncouraj^i:^ 
ment of Learning, witli an annual ^ala^y of 
W/. In the »a:o« year iin succwditi ^tukt'ley 
B«Decr«ttrv to the Sociely of Antiijimrieji, of 
which hi; inul been i>lec:tL<d a fellow 17 Feb. 
I7i^> I [Gol'HHJ, CArxinal'KfinU Lint of &c, 
Anliq., pp. 4, 8), It waa prohttbly through 
Stukf ley a influence that he also obtaint.'d the 
B>rretftrynhipofthrl';py])tiMiSocJOly,rtfwliich 
ijlulii'ley wud ouf of th« founden, and thua 
hud a new brut ^ivi^ii to hi* n-twarcbaa, 
Gordoti niibliidiod two very Icamrd trcatiaca 
wherein tie undercook to nolvf the my«t<.>n<ia 
of hieroglypliice and to illustratu 'oil the 
E^'ptiau uummiei in Knghuid.' llieirtithja 
are 'An l*>aay towards explaining th« iliero- 
glyphical Figures on tho Cofiln uf the An- 
cient Mommy t>elnngiii); to l?«pt. William 
LethieulUer. (An Eway towurdii ixpUiuing 
tliu antient llii-roKlyphiL-al Fig-unn on tba 
Kj^'ptian Muinmv in the .Mu-'-eum of Doctor 
Mead).' 2 pis., (ol., London, 1737, with "ih 
coppi-ndutm cnp«vcd from drawinjr* by 
hioaM-U. The Ivli^trpreaa ia t-xphtnaiorj' of 
thref only of the twenty-tive tilalca, and tiie 
rtiEUaindur never nppcarx-d. 'fiH' ma n iucript, 
alon)|( with the drawing's, was upparantly in 
the ."yilo of Sir Charles Frt-dtTick « tihrarv in 
July I78«,lol l:i57|tiT/aA!yw.p. l:i>. iu'lh* 
Second e**ay ihi* authtir mentions another 
work, BS ' nearly ready,' ' .Vji Keisiy towards 
illitslrutbig th^■l^i«tllri■,('^^JIloIoffy,AndMv- 
thu^'g^- of the AiLcient Kgyptians, from ite 
earliest age* on ri'cord, till thr Dimuilutiim of 
tht^ir Kmpirr!, nMir ihe Times of Alexander.' 
U was not, howerer, rotnpleted until 6 July 
1741. By that timctiordon bad reMjrQcd hu 
accivtaryahiii^. Hewofemarritxl.audnodoubt 




fouRil hia iiicomn in<uffiica«nt. WbuiUmuTS 
ibat (tanloa hiTiiip bMO (bund doficifnt in 
bi« account* wu duintniei] IWim tlit.- Sociuty 
for iho Kncoun^mfDt of I>4niing, anil liw 
eRoctx («ix«"J oil. UowuTLT tliiH oukv be, ht 
uiImI for ^outli C'nroIitiK in Au^al 1741, tut 
wcrttarj- to Juniti lilen, ['".S.A,, iJih dbvtIj- 
•ppoinlMl (foreriiof of thai pmvince. Tbpn^ 
ha cvcotuulj proeiM>n>d. From t)i« recordnl 
copy of a dMtf ^li^ rxtanl al Ciiarfestnn it 
appearii that ntic lluTacnnn. thv rt^tslntr of 
tne proviucv, fartDMl qui [lie office lo (tordon, 
Knd by thia (le«^) nppointt-d him hiH altornvy 
to tnnsBCt all tbe biuioew and irccivD aU Ib'e 
Cbm of tk« office. Thore is also amonf; tli«- 
noofded conveyaacen one of a Urrc loi of 
land in CharlMton to Iiiin, datml ^ March 
1746; and in Ills will lu> di>vii%'d to his con 
and daughl«r a lol of laud is AiiwulHjruu^ti, 
South CamlinA, and all Ihi' Iiohmiw iin-(-t«l 
tbervon. lie Mill kupt up a dt-sullory our- 
naDondcnce wit b Sir Jolin ('li-rk (STrKBt.nr, 
i. 430, tii. 431 ), tu whom lie ronfe&MHi himHclT 
'iraally wi'arjf 'of colonial lif». To the itnyitl 
Society bv sent an e]aboral>> dnwription of 
the natural hiMory of Soutti Carolina, which 
wu not read until :^i May 17o8 (!&. iii. 
476). Nor wa» it prmtfd in the • PbiJo- 
mphicnl Transacr ion*.' thi 'J'2 Aup. 1754 
Gordon, ' beiu^ sick and woak of Imdy.' nuidfi 
biawillal Charleston. Tu hiji»an, Alfxanik-r, 
an ationii'y (ifCliarIewton.be bcqut'ntbed his 
own portrait, paintin) by hini<ii>lf, together 
wiih HthiTof h[.s painting, lie AUontrictly 
onjoint-ii It mi U> [iiibli^b h i^ nianuscript ' Esiuy 
towarU-H illuf-trntinfi th« History of , . . tlie 
A.iu:ifltit K^nptiaue.' Thit «i«mv wu never 
printod, and i* iiresmed in tht' )tritUIj Mu- 
Hun, Addit. SIS. i^i<M, Imi-iiie Wen pui^ 
chaaetl in March lHy|. Oordonn wifv i» iiot 
mentiontrd in hi* will, II<^died buforv^S Jiily 
1766, wh«n the devifeaa uadw lua will «x- 
Mnt«d I ooon-yance of land in South Carolina. 
His dausfat«r,Vmn(»>j> CIiarlott« nordnn, ap- 
paara to Bat i- liwfu marriiMl, mi 30 .Mar 17(«, 
to John Trunp, a Cliarleirton nttomer. None 
of hi* (]n«ceitujiult> arn now known to eurvivQ 
in Routh Carolina. The traditions of the 
Peniriiick family ropoMent Ootdun oh a ^ve 
nan. of formal hahitA, tiJI, lean, and )]»ually 
taciturn. Ikaupr^ BhII [f\. v.] maAv a bu«t 
of htni af>er nn original giren bv (iordon to 
Sir A ndrew Founlnin^V niwe (Nionou, Lit. 
AtuTd V. 2«0), 

Tht: ' Ttinorariiim,' the rade mcciim of all 
Rotoan antiqunrii;'* nf that day, wii« a fa- 
TOurit« with Sir Walter Scott, who has im- 
mortaliM-d it in 'The Antiuuurr' ae tUsl. 
priBed folio which Joniitlinn nhidiicl: undiii 
from tt!( brown paper wmiiper in the Ilawea 
fly or t^Hwniifcrry diligmt'i". 



[Wilacai wkI Laia^'a rap«r» in IVMMdiiiKi «f 
SoiiMj of AntiqqaruB of dcntland, k. 36S-43; 
Wilmn'ii Alnaaailvr Ciordna, tbo Aatiquaiy: 
CbalniFn'a Biog. Diet., xn. 104-5; NcA« iM 
Qaeriaa.Sndaar.vii.5J4.riii ZTO^ AdaicHflK. 
4SP8, 404S, SIBO. «2II, f.Sl.] 0.0, 

GORDON, Sib ALEXANDER ll7»- 
18lin. lii-iirrnant-coloiwl, wca third aM of 
Ov«rgv (iunlon, Ion! Iladdo. nod HTUidion 
of Ooorgo Ci-rdon, third ewl uf AberdaRL 
His motlicr wiu' Charlotte, toud^^ datifh- 
t«r of William Kainl of Nvwbytb, and MUt 
at Sir Pavid IWird. He was bmtber of 
Oi-oix^ Hamilton niinlon.fourth ■■arl of Ahtr- 
doen [(|. v.], of tho Ri^ht Hon. Sir linhftt 
Gordon, diplomatiat [q. r.l, awl of T.l>it^H 
I'-nitnt'Tolani'l thf Hon. Sir Ch&rli4 Qofdc^^l 
ll'ml hii;hlandt>n>, wbodit>«l at Getx^vaSO&irt. 
Kt5 <!M-.i firnf. .Voff. iww Mr. iv. OflTV He 
wu bom in 17i^, <<4liiMt<>d at Eton, lod i^M 
180S w&« QppointMl «tt4i;:i) in th« 3rd f"^^| 
Riiardt (now Stotf piards), in which b^H 
V-cani<* captain and Ik*) il« nan t- colonel m 
:f3 Aiif^. I8l3. lie Aerred a» &tdo-d«-caBip 
to lii« iDaterna! uncle, Guui'rul Sir David 
Baird fg. r."], at the recant un* of thi- Ca]») of 
Good Hopp in 1806, ana lo General Barw- 
f'lrd with the force Mini from Iht-Cap* to iha 
Rio Plata [aee BRRBBt-iiini, Wiij.Ijiii Cikk. 
Viscount], Ho was employed by Ucr^stoid 
to treat with tho S|>aniab autnoritJaa at 
lluenw Aynw. Aftorward^ hn wu agtia 
aide-de-camp (o Daird at the caplur» of 
Copenha^nn in 1807, and in Spain in 1806-0, 
ineliidins tlH> ha'tl"- of Cyrtuinn. In ISlO 
he watt appoitited aide-di-cAmp to Lord Wrl- 
liii^t on, ID wbirh cnpncit y hit- brother CharlM, 
then likewine a siiiMllcni in tlm Hrd foot 
guards, idsowat! i-mployed for a time. Qordoa 
wrvi-d t}in>iiKh'<>il the t'cninatilnrcampaigna. 
Ht! bmurbl lioni'Mhedr'cpiitchi.-satiDaunciiif 
tliefalloiCtiKlidTtnilnKt^i.find ws^frpqueol^ 
ml^ntionn1 in the <1i«|iati>heA on other oCf^ 
sionii(seeQi.'HwuuD,vol». iii. iv.andv.) Uo 
rwcivcd fen mHiil* fur pencn*! arlions, and 
wit* made K.C.H. He wa^ aid^-de-camp lo 
the Duke uf Wellington in Ilcl^uin, attd 
m't'ivod « Donal wound <tbiirb sUuHrad) 
while rallving a battalion of Drunawieka^^ 
near La itaye Sainte,on It) June IftlS. ^H 
died a few tjours ftflrr, Wi-llineion allud^l 
to him a« an olliccr of frrent promiae and R 
HmaaEloaBtoth{'Bnny(i'i'.Tiii.ir>4). Gordon 
nppMTv to have iNi'n a (freal farttiirilit in 
Ilni8»eb, and the princijul residents in ihf* 
cilj denirvd to bear the rout of the ciiluiun 
erpctwl to his nrmor}' on the field of Water- 
loo by his surviving sister and brothen, 

(Poatw'a Pawa^. uuJer 'AlwrdweB ;' Gai» 
wood'» WcUlngtoB Dwp. iii. OM, Hi. Mi. ' 



«;s. M 



Gordon 



167 



Gordon 



r, HA. r. 295, 447. 4M. viii. IM. IM; iMcriA- 
anr h» UoaumadM m Wuaiav (Bt«M^ 

»).l H. JL a 

GORDON, ALE£.0>'UmL tomik Dva 
[or aoiU>«x(l74-'(r-lSi'7),wu tlw etdnt ago 
^Otaato if«orgc Gordon, Uiiid ihikR iwho 
• Diadv K.T. Cor liia lonlij in I746>, br 
\ wiCb Slid kinswomui, the Ijuly Ottboiiw 
rOotdoD, oal y dau^hu-r of tbe tecoad Eari of 
Ahetdeen. lie waa bom aUmU 174&, mhI 
«« c e d>Jad 10 ihe dukiidoB fla tbt dMh at 
bu fiUher ill I7a3, Tbe vidowed dncfaeM, 
of whom Hinio' \Viilp>^le teUs « ridiealooi 

(feftarwkrde ittinenl) Suates LoBg- HcrrU. 
Whsn Ui« «ld«T Piti added nanmoua hi|^* 
Und ngimeata to tbe um;in 17A7 -410, Mania 
imind 00 tlw Qordoa esUtes ■ c<'iT* knoini 
u llw eOtfa Oordoo UigUutdd*, vbicb went 
to India nader Miyor («ft«rwanl« Sir I Ueetor 
MoDTO, aod did good wrruw in vKiioiu WKn 
then until 1765, when it was sMit botD« uid 
diabauded. The youiliful ilulw.thuii at Kion, 
wu •ppointed i»p4&in in tbe regiucnt, but 
tvOLUtMd behind ukI made tbr ' grmnd tour.' 
In 1701 bewB» ekded one of tbe aixteenre- 
pnaentAliTD pMis of SoutUad, and in 1707 
tnomnl btx finl wifr, Janr Masirrll [tmt 

OOMMis,JkJiB,l)vcaan],vhobon bim two 
•OBS and Ore liauebtvrs. At tbv tine of lilt 
^*t muriagt^ ibe dulu* wan reputal one of the 
handsotD««i \ouDff meo of htb day, and was 
dencribm] by Lord Kaiiiies u tbc jivntt^ tub- 
joct in nhlatD in rcean] not only of the ez- 
tmt of bi* rvai-n>ll,but of thcnutnbuTuf [)ei^ 
MBB ABptaiiof' on bis rule and proteclioD. 
Hn nuMK) Ounlgo Caetle to b? rebuilt rrom 
Kth« plana of ]taxt«r of 1-Mtnburgb. In 17M, 
^ptn ooneidenliuo uf his dpxnuii from Ilcorv 
TTtnranl, last rnrl nf Norfolk, Ums Kufiliiili 
titles of Rarl of NorfoUi and Lord (rordoa of 
, Uuntler, tilnucwVnJiirp, wpiw rarived in his 
He was mad'* K.T,, lord keeper of 
kHnlofScui land, and lord-Ueutaoant 
, He raiM-d two noimenta 

ihAaUj at bit own con, tue Nor- 
Ihedm fi!iacibl«a, raiwd during tb<^ Ameri^^an 
war and dtsbandod at iU cIum, and tbe Noi^ 
thsm Qttionlon fenciblea, nta»d in 1793 and 
, dS^aoded is 1799. The latter corps when 
I in KroL was rKrtpwi.-(l byOworgvlII 
flB Hyde Parh, being liie first bigfalaod Tesi- 
neot «nn in London sinoe tbe nTiew of Uie 
BUch Watcb m 174.^ 

In lRi3 the dodKW Jane, who for voue 
bad br^n bitterly vstranf^ from hm busLund, 
di«d in txindon. In 1890 ibe dttke married 
yir». Jane Christ iv of Pocbnben, by whom h« 
had previously bad a lar^ ftmily. She divd 
wiOioul further iastM in 1624. l*be duke dt«d 
;oo 17 Juno lHi!T, and was succeeded by his 



famh 



Geo»K.i&h Md lH«il^»[«.vO 1W 
<fc **» wm n ■ ■ w i uitM rf tfc rttt id- 





, and voted with the aniaiatsnt ua 
iha w y ey qwat i n o Ha ■yra, in hara 
beiB aa eaiy gniiy naa, eanf eUefly for 
imai paiaaitt and SM iyria. Be intio- 
dseada^Mpbona oD Uf artalM to cm Dolim 
of the Moy cinent a of the dear. llvwaaooa 
of tbe lact in Seotlaad to kan hawki. Ha 
WM aotvd far bis bswed* of OMrboonda aal 
iet>«v. lie was the writer of tbe ooadeeoi^ 
"Tben is CWuld KaD in Aberden.' and be 
caeosnml the ouuteal i^ea of h^ hMlW, 
Mawhafl, caDed by Buns ' the flatcenpOMt 
of atiathspeys of the ai^.' 

(AndciMB'B Smttish Hatioo. toL. tL: Oeafc. 
Uaf. Izzzti. pc t. IW). I^ttkalaca id thm BMh 
bi(b]aada>» and of tba Oordaa fbacibU n^ 
Btata will ha feaad la D. Statwwt's Seottish 
Hi^ilaadm, U. m-6. SM-S*. S47. M<-7. and 
of Ihe Gotdoa eatsto in tb* Ordnaaes OaasttMT 
of8eDtlndiuidvO«(dMiCMUa.1 I1.M.C 

GORDON, ANDREW (1712-1761), 
naturaJ pbitoeopber, a doeecndaat of tbe to* 
ctent hotue ot toe Duke* of (iordon, bom at 
Codurach, Ajwueshiiv, on 15 Junv 1712, wae 
educated at Katisbon, and afterwards Ira- 
velled iu Aiulria, Italy, and France. On his 
retam to Ration he took the babit of tba 
order of St. Reaedict in tbe Scotch iBOBa»< 
tery there, and in due course he was ordained 
priest. He siibaequenily stiidied law at Salz- 
burg, and in 17Sj he waa appointed proftMor 
of philosophy in the university of Erfnrt. 
Hie a«&l m tbe cauat- of modem ■mntrit 
BiDoaed affainat biu (be euiuily of manyad- 
Ivrente of the old schix>), whom bt- attacked 
iu a nuinbcr of k-anied diaN^rlalioas. lie 
niiM.-<l for himself a Euniiwan reiHitalton by 
Ids experiinents in elpctncity. He waa the 
limt electrician wbu used a cylinder instead 
of a globe. His cylindera were «i^t inches 
loneandfour iDrhesindiameier. Tbeywere 
inad« to turn with a bow, and tbe whole in- 
Btrument was portable. Inetewl of ualoff a 
cake of rosin, no insulated by hkmu o? a 
frume fumijilu'd wiib a network of silk, lie 
was enabled to excite tbe electridty of a cat 
to Hlrou^ly that the force, conmuiucated by 
iixtncbainstospirilof winn,*et it onfire. In 
Tuco^ition of bis scieniiBc afquirementa he 
was eincted a cnrn-^pnndtinl of (be Aotdemy 
of Science of INiris. 1Iedi<^donS^Au|{.176J, 
Uis moat ramarkable works ore : 1. 'Pro- 
|ffnuDBiade itudii Philosopfaici Dif^itateet 
, T;t ilitale," Ei-fun, 1737, 4to. 2. ' I>t> Concor- 
dandisM<fn«uri!i.'Erfuri,174:;f,4to. S.'l'lue- 
nomcDa Eloctricitatis cipoeita,' Elrfurl, 1744, 
i Svo; also published in uerman. 4. 'l*hilo- 
I sopbia Utilia et Jocunda,' Ratiabon, 1746 



Gordon 



168 



Gordon 



3 voIk. Hro. 5. ' Un|>artb«;iiicb« >>Bchricht 
van dcm I'rRprungD dc« k'tztcL'ti Krieges in 
GroBhrictLUiii'-D, in viDum Bricti- voi^-trnffen,' 
8t™j<buiy,'l74ft,4io. 0. ' DiwwIatJodfSpce- 
lrifl,' Eriuri, I74fl. ito. 7. • Varin nd I'liily 
sopliiai Mntntioiii'tn HjiiTlJiiitio.'Krfurt, 1711*, 
■Iw, ft. • I'iiYsiriB KsprinipntBlis Ek-tavDtii.' 
Krfurt. 1761-1', a vols. 8to. 

[Ad«luiig'(iGft«)irUa>-Lczikoii.ti.1A27; Priflet- 
I«>v'8 H»i. of KIrctridtv, 1776, i. SB, l«BJ 

T.C. 

GORDON, AKCimui.n, M.D. (l^l:?- 
IM^t), insjicrior-gtincnU of tio«[)ilils, «tudi«d 
oiedivinu ni Kdiiitiiii^h, wlit-rv h» graduated 
M.l>. in IHiM. lie flUtPrMl ihe anny u 
assist aDt-MirRPcn in I83H, wr»wl witli {htt 
TiArd n-jfimi-nt in tlii^ SutK'j campaign of 
1846. Biid inllie Punjaubcainiaign wri84^9 
witli llip -Mlh ri'ffiiiwnr, H>- lwi'j»ior>mr|ffoii 
in 1H4K. and xiirgi^ii'maiiir in 18M. la tlit> 
Crilil>.'a h"' was principtil mimical oflitNT of 
tJie Lhid di\-i«ion throuj^lioul the mp^ of 
Sv1muiU>p<)|, nod wm mud** deputy-inspeclor- 
g«-iti;ral(ifhDB[)ilalti(1856},0.».,iLnduKiiif^bT 
flf the Lbgioi) of llouour. lo 1857 he served 
w priiiciiial tDt'dical officer with the ^xpedi- 
tinitarv force to China, and in tin- Oudh cam- 
paiffn'of l8-'>'^9. H>- httciuiit! iuHpc<!toT-geue- 
ral in iM^tTiAndretinx) in ]t<70. Uuwumlim 
honorarr suiyeon to the que«n. He died tt 
Wewt lIonLhrfty, 8iim6X, on 3 Aug. 1886. 

[Hart's Armj List ; Srit. &!vd. JguroJ 

GORDON. CHAKLKW, first EiBi- oi- 
AaoTXi: |(i. Ilt81 ), MBsl'ounbtMjnurUcoiy*), 
•ecoud mamuidtif Himlly [q. v. J lli- wiialittle 
inont than a child when hie fslluT and cildeet 
brother wero carried |'riMiiipr» in Kdintm r^h 
ill IIU)!l,ttnd «t.ill young wlwrn liU fiillivr wa<( 
exccutvd H'li yt-ari' afterward*. Tlw e]d««t 
M>n nf the family had hc«n killt-din 104^1 liy a 
nuidom shot, whin i»ur»ui«^tln!def«iled covt- 
uantvn at ihn IhiUIh of Alfoid. Thr second 
ann eecftpod to France, whtru lis dJud of grii-f 
oil bearing tlml riiarle* 1 liud beeu oxiMruti.'d. 
Lewis, the third non, railed 'tfa« jiIh^uo of 
Uony,' from the predatory haliilti of Iii> fol- 
lowers, rcprewntcd llie family, but did not 
inhflrit ihi- I'slattJB, wliich were occuptw] for 
th«pBxIianientarvptirtyhv1.lipFa(lof Ai^ll, 
In 1660 Olinrlcs f I lfi«cl*«t lit Si»>v month and 
paned a nij^ht in Oordnn Castle. Axdiich he 
foond iininiia lilted. The fatat^is wprt> all in 
a nprlected Condition. <1iBrU;i« waserowin-d 
si Sxn* "n 1 Jan. \G!tl, and in a parlia- 
ment held at Perth vti u March liwuL-d a 
proclamation n.wt'inn|t l^nwlit (iordon, third 
maiqnis of 1 1 tint 1y, to hia honour and Mttatra, 
Tbfl deffiat at Woroeat«r medv ihtK prods- 



mation unarailins, and th« family «ltll c^nv 
tiniiMl to be in a tustrvMed caodttiaa. 1 . . 
Iine>-red in oiilv ou tb« cuDtnient aci 
in IttoS, after which only a tli(niMuid(-ro«r.< 
yearly wfii- allowttd lo his widow for llie 
support of herself and liw rhildrea. After 
thv Kutiloration in 1060 (ieor^i Gordos, mi 
of l^^wiii, obininiNl hix Ittir and ectat«s at 
MartiiUB of Htinily, ami on 10 Sept. lOgO 
hilt uncle, Lord ("liarlen, revi-ived a peerage 
with ih*- 1 it Ic of 1 ^rd Oord' iti of Straliiavou 
and lilenUvai and Earlof AlHirne, by patent 
tn him and the heirs male of )nM bxly. Id 
ItJttl he bad a charter under the fm-at m») 
of The whole landa and lordthip nf^ AboTu^ 
Aberdeciuhirv. .\»iacathul)clivwaBexrlad«3 
firom [luhlic life, and hit time waa occupied in 
till- impnivenirnl of his ratals, inrludin^ ih>- 
i-rect iwi wf Aboyne C-aatle, which occupied an 
ye&rsinbmldinff. llemarriedKlisslH-tlil.Toti, 
dttUKhter of JoTin, weond i^rl of KiDi^ora, 
and, leatiitg a family, died in March li^l. 

[DdUKloa's TNirnpi*'. pp. 84-6 ; Oordnn'i Hi>J- 
of lliu Aiitieol. Nnltlo, mnd itliulriou* Kamily uf 
Uorrltni. il. 237, 277: A Conciw Hict. of ib« 
Anticnt and lllDvlrioos FIoiiMor Cofdon, pp. \9K 
lira. 241). 2K. 2fll, W2. 26S: Sliaw** Hirt. ol 
tho Province uf Uony. tb6-9; CoUcetiou br 
a Biit. of the Shires of Abettteea and 
(Hpaldiiig Llot.), p. M7.] S. % 

OORDON, rnARI,I-:s,aecon<) EUSL 
Abotnb (d. UOrJ), euocwded bis 
Cbarle« Gordon [q. v.], aa tecond Kari 
Aboyae in I08I, but for many years lired in 
aecluaiou. Oii27 Jtitv KKl^he otTcrcd totake 
his place in iheSnitlifih iiarliainriii, whrnan 
objection wnsruitri'dtluil lie had W'nliredand 
coutinued lo tie a profi-Mxil piipint. A\>i>viK 
publicly declared la parliauic^nt that he Wl 
rmlirai-id thvprotmtont n?li){ion. Tbiti srste- 
ment waa corroborated by the pr-Mident of 
parliament and by other uiemU-rs. TIm> rarl 
waa allowed uccordiuijly to take hia iH.-Bt. Tie 
married bia cou.->iu, Kliubbth l.yun, fvond 
dnuffliterof I'fltrtek, Ihml earluf Stntthmore 
and Kiii^h'im, iind, Wriiic one son and thtm 
diiUfjhtiT^ (lied ill April I (02. 

(DoveUa'a Pocraee, pp. 34. H ; llttt, of iJwi 
raioilY of (jordoD; Cuncisc Hint, uf IIid Hottw 
of Gordon.] J. T. 

aOEDON.SntOUAKLESfKM 1 

pnvemor of St. l.ucia, third son of C'luurl 
Gordon of .\ber{;t^'ldie, Pertliehirc, by hie 
Alison, dAii)(htfT of David Hunl^-rofltann 
and widow of one I*atorwio, was boni in IT'i 
H^ aiftintrd in misintr men for the 7l(i| Fnii 
hitfhtandnn<, fornie.d at Glaji^w during 
early part of the American war, by I^ienH^ 
nnnt-gflnt-rnl Simon I'Vawr, monter of Lovat 
[f|. T.] Ue was up]ioiuied lo a licutaBancy 




d 



Gordon 



169 



Gordon 



in tbe n^ment in April 177S, mccouipanied 
H to Ame ri ai, and un 8 Jan. \77ii wnn (iro- 
motei] to H compHnv in U»e:;!6lti('aim-rouinti». 
That rv^ment uriTed in Eiiglunil frt'in Nvw 
Y»rk, tc ■ skvleivii B(utt;, Lii l*Vbruury 17W. 
<iitt\ln)i bt'CAine rf^i^imental mnjor, and ob- 
laiuud a brvTirt lieuteoaiit-oolunelcy 00 
17 .\\tnl 17H.1. 

Iq 1787 French intrigues in Holland lod 
Id an inriwdon, without (Wlanil ion nr war, 
of a PnutuanarmT.imdnrlJit^ Dukcof Hnini»- 
w^ick, wbicb entered that couutT^- on I 'i S^^'pl . 
I7p7, and oofnpif'd AniRt^-rdam nn Uthulf of 
the siadtfaotdt.'r on lOUci. Fromtwoluiten, 
now in the Bnlmh Museum, addressed by 
ttiin 10 ihi- ManiuiA of ('unnartbvR, the first 
of which u (ttkted Hninswick, -1 Jan. 17SH 
(Add. US. -JmaS. Tol 7), Gunluu uppean to 
hav« acconpanind I he Puke nf Brunswick, 
wboilw saytswat tnorlifiiMl 'ut my reLuni to 
him tinrevtaitlcid aiivr mnxTvirm in ibttlate 
campnif^n.' Gordon spjuTars ta hitvi> betm re- 
caUad,a« in the sctxind letter, datL-d 'Ji* Xuv. 
Miffi l*A. fol. »2-2). bv <ompUJnti uf liw in- 
ability to obtain an inlerriem' with thu tnar- 
<)uit<,<L<n tbefaitbof whih*<-aMurancm 'I gave 
up uy c/inlin'-iitAl oonnMtion and ihoughtti 
01 «nl«nDfi a fruvign aerrico, and accsptod 
what you wf-rir plmMd to offer ni«, the liim- 
teaanl-culooeky of (be iUt foot.' The lUt 
ioot, oritfinally a corw of inTalid». bnd bt-en 
Tefiinni'O aa an ordinary linv n^mt^itt o» 
l!r> Der. I7H7, thi* dat<> itf (lardon'it it|>|HjLi)t- 
vwnt to it aa lii'iitenant-cnlanfl. A third 
letter from Oonlmi to Cannurtb^n, by tlint 
tirop iftfth> di-kf" fif l.<>"di«, dniwi ]>rifldpn, 
a Apnl i:itO I*. 2»*0«;'>, fol. I'M), containB 
ftppSiratiiiii {oT tenv lo udernd tbf Ihikv 
**nintra-iek in tin* fortbcKkminir cantnaiffii. 
duke mtlied to haie him as aid<^-de- 
eamp, and ' waa good flooitfrb to my thai I 
^^ waa in fomi- defree planner and condiiotor 
^■Af Uw capture of Amnt>_'lvcen.* Ami^trlveen 
^Fvu roeardid a» thf key of ilio il<5fence8 of 
Anutrtrdnm. and bad Iwen seizM tbrouph the 
aftii'ity of tionlon in the campitiirn of 1787. 

IOnrdun apprarx to huvv hcccmiiiauied lIm 
Va^f at ItrunAiri<-.k a.^ Ilntish military eora- 
iniMloii«r in the cnrnmisiis af 171*1-2. The 
'London Catottr' or rtrtohrr UKI notified 
hia Bp[<oinliuent, m recognition of his tar- ' 
viOM * under Ibe I Kike of Prunswick in th« ' 
Ule cmmpaiffD in Holluitd,' hm kni^bl of the 
nuaaian order of Militurv Men), which, like 

■«tfaer fiMwign orders of cavalry |ir«*"iaua to 
\8li, carried kiiiifblly rank in Enia;Iand as 
wdl a> in '^>ther nmntries. Towards tho end < 
et 1796 « Urgp espodition was deapal«bvd 
aKniniitt 11m> Frendi WMit Indies nosseaaioos, | 
under command of (ieneral ^ir Onarles Gruy | 




Admiral Jervin. The brindiera were !*«•- 
eott, Fniiiris]>iinda8[q.T.j,iU]d(tnrdnn. t<till 
lifutf nant^solomd 41»>t fool, who vrtw placed 
in [rtupnrary cotntnand of a brigade, neniling 
the arrivul of the L'uke uf Kent frum Canada. 
Oordon 4-otuiuandt-d tbf ntiark on Ciia de Na- 
\ire, at tbu capture of 31artinif{ue, and was 
Iliaiik>-d in grm-ral urdera. He wanvinploynd 
at I be (-n]>t ure nf St. Lncia, and wiu< nptminted 
povHninrof l!mt islimd.und iwi'ived tin- rank 
4if bripidier-j^neral. DiffioullJ^.»BtiddiKpiiU)a 
H<i to prize-riebts in propmtyinthecapru^d is- 
lands led to the most unfoondMlfihargM of eon- 
fiacationandestortion against the sea and Uod 
eommanders of the expedition (see t'ooPBB 
WilxixUiCB AeeoiaUt. .\f;ainxt (iordoulUw 
accuiuitiuiiri proTMl t-itber belter founded or 
n)on< Kuei-4r)!&rul. Formal e'>m|>]ainl^ wi-rn 
made n^inat him, in hii> capiM'it> of gfmnioT 
of St, l.iicia, of eTlonion,&nd of taking bribaa 
fnun disuflecled |>er><>tis tn nilow Ibrtu to 
n-main in the i*ltind. ami anerwardabr^okinff 
faitb with them. A troneral court-marLiBl, 
andertbe prwidencyof Ui-nwrul Pn-wentl, waa 
ordared to Hwemble on 35 .luly i~m for the 
inA'estif^tion nf the»e cbi»rBe«. TliO fever 
that wrought i«omurh havoc amon^thfttronpe 
was then ragini;, and the couil'inan iai was 
twice dissolved by the dooLhs of the majoritv 
of the memboia. Ity I be expedient of aetail- 
inp ei^iteen members in plni-e of twelve, the 
le^il i|uoriim, the prnoet.'diu),'* weni at last 
bn^ught til a eoiieluiiion. (lonlon waa found 
guilty, and flent«nc«-<l lo refund the monejr 
und lo be casli>ered. In coiiE«queiioe of hw 
past .'k>rviiyM and cireiinuiaiico«,diaclof)cd on 
xUv eourl -martial, be was allowed to receive 
the value of bin ei)n]mi>«iionB (16. Appendix), 
tiordon^uri-ived his dinnisaal morfrtnan forty 
Venn, lie appi'ars (o have be^n inUolIand, 
and in cnmntuuieation with iho British mi- 
ni*trr, jusi uI\'t ilie peace of Amirus (we 
HkiWTOS, /-i/r ./ lUrrJ Sf. f'inrmt. ii. iW). 
Ht) died at Ely PUre, Umduti, L'6 March 18S5, 
at thi- ap- of M-verity-nimi. 

[Kurko'H Uuided Ucnu^; ^««an's Ske£eh«« 
ofSci>itikJiHi);blsiMlen,withaEii>t.urtbelliab- 
laiid Rcgimuntfl, vol. ii.; Pi«rRi De Witt*& una 
Invannn I'rusaieooeeu Hollandeen 1TK7 (Paris^ 
■ BBS, 8va},wberian Gordon ■■ wrofiglyilcaeribFd 
as io the Scou Kngade in the scnice nf lloU 
land ; Malmrabiiry Corrasponileiicii ; llii> lU-v. J. 
Cuoper WitlynuiB'k (clia(jlail) to II M.S. Uoyus^ 
Areannt of lbs Campnign in ttia Wwt Indies in 
i;»4 (Loodon. n&H.M.); Oent. Mag. la. (M.) 
901, Bt-w t^r. iii. ATft.) H. M. C. 

aORDON,(mARLESnF,ORGE, known 
a« (.'iiLHetB TiOHnoN (I^J-1685), mi^or- 
Keni'ral, U.H., royal en^'inwrs, fourth son of 
Lieut enant-gcuural Henry William ^lunlon, 
nival nrtilli'ry, and Hlirabrlh, daiigbt*<r of 



Gordon 



170 



Gordon 



S«muiil Knderb]rofCraom'.<iIIill,HlMkheiUb, 
waabomtLtWoolwtcb on 28 Jan. 1B.'{3, Hf 
wu sent to m;Iich>I at. Tnttnton in 1S43, 
ftod entonnl tin* Itoynl Military Academy 
at Woolwich in I84-S. He •.itpttunitd 11 com- 
miaflioo in the myal «ngtneui« on iA June 
IWi, and, atier ilie luuu course of study at 
OhatJiam, wa« quartcr&d for u short titOR at 
Pvmbruku Duck, lu Uvcvoibvr \B^l he re- 
ceived his ord-rrs for llu! Crimeo, and reached 
BallaklBva ou 1 Jan. 1 SDS, As a young uoai- 
□Mr inihull«!rti uttrvin^ iu lite tnnchM>, ais 
daring waa conspicuous, vrhile hU flpccial 
Hptiluiii.1 for obtJiiTiing a ptirMouiil )(iii)wi&dj{ti 
of tJte movemftntA of thft eriAiny was a matter 
of common observBtion lUnoaR In* brollior 
officcN. He waa wounded on 8 June 1^^, 
and was present at the attaoli of the Redan 
on IH Jun«. On the surrvod^rof Sebaxlopol 
OoTdon aoannpaiiicd the pxpedition to ECin^ 
bum, and on his return was employed on the 
demolition of th<- Sobaatopol doclcs. For 
bit MTvices in I he Crimva uordon iwoeived 
tlie Kriliftliwar medal aiid cloap, the Tuf kiah 
war iulhIuI, and till' Fmirb La'^vii of Honour. 

In Mnv IHi'iG.iui'ijmiiiiiiy "illi Lieulenant 
(now Majnr-^eDera) ) i<>. li. Jdjul's, U.K., tui 
joined ColoU'.'l (now Ot-nvntl Hir} K. 8taii-> ' 
ton, U.l'j., in IWwambia, as aaeistant com- 
missioner for the delimitation uf th« tiow 
fronlier lini*. rhin duty wu CDiDplet«d in 
A[»ril I8r)~, and la- was thi;ii vent witb Liuu- 
lonaiii JauicH iti u nimitar cajiacily to Brzt— 
rouiu, wLltl- Cul'Mud (nowGuiiLTalSir) Lin- 
torn Siinuioius wK« the t)ii|;1ii»UcomraiiH)iotier 
fur ihc Aiiifttic frontier lioundarT. Thu work 
waji lu-comtiliiilii-d by tbu folloninif Octobvr, 
wlivn (Jfiriliin ivturni-d In I'ji^lantt. 

Tn the spring of IV^H ho and Liouti'iuinl 
Jamen wure nent an iMinctiljwioiK'rs to the 
AmiAnian fn»nli<irio HupuriuU'nd ihu erec- 
tion of tbn boundary pi8l» of tlip linw thmy 
hud previoii.'tly 8tirvvv<^> Thip wa'> finished 
in tvovt-ubi-r, and (jordou retumud lioine, 
havinR ao'^uirt-d an intimate knowlodffu of 
the pooplc 'if iLi; diittricU visited, 

Oil 1 Agirii IHT*!) Oordoa va* pn.imutL^ 
captain, and about thf mmo time apiiolnied 
seoond adjulant uf thu corpA «i Oliatliam, a 
|i0Bt he held for little moretliann year, for, in 
thesuRimvrof 18110, hi)j<>iniicl tin- fon^mof Kir 
Jamtw Ilopr [Jrent <ipt;nii hiu with the Frt^nch 
against China. He overtuoli the alliL'd army 
at Tiwntain, and wh* pniwtit in <lc^tti)n-r at 
the captum of IVkin and the pillage and de- 
Btruction of th<^ eiiiperor'B summer palace. 
For l»i# BfTvice* in thin cjimsAiim he rufveiTed 
ihe Hritisb war medal wilh cIh^ for IVkin 
and a brfivct majority in Pucombcr 1862. 
Gordon comuiaudod the royal L-ri)|Ciii<x!r»! at 
Tieutain, when tJie British fon»j6 reuuuned 



I 







there under Sir Charlea titaveley, and, white 
thus employed, made several expeditioasmlo 
the intM'iur, in on<' of wliicli In* explonpd ■ 
ouusidetafals iter-tianof tbf> great wall of Cliioa, 
In April 18(t3 he was suiaiiKined to Shanghu 
to AMist in the oporatioiui oonamucnt up> 
the delerminal ion of Sir Charle* Staveley 1 
W'P n radiu» of thirty miles round the city 
clearof till- n-belTaiuin^ Ucmloa look part 
as Dommanding royal engineer in the atona- 
ing of Siug-poo and ttovural other fortified 
town*, aitd lu rltturiiig (hi- rehtda out of 
Knh-ding. He was afterwards employad ia 
«urv«yiiiK the coiintrv round Sliaaghaj. 

The Taiping i«l»llion was of m baibarau 
a natun; that its eupprwsioo bad be«nm 
neoeM&rT in tbc interesM ol ctTiUtatton. 
foi«e, raised at the expense of the Siaogl 
merchants, and supported by the ChiQ< 
govttmmcnl, hod b<>!n for aomL- vtant 
gUnff Eigaiuiit its progrefla. This force, 
ha tJae ' Kri-r \'ictorious Army,' wu 
maiidml at Itrat bv Ward, an Ajoeriesn, oad, 
on his death, by 'Uiii)a'vine, also an Ameri- 
can. who was «ummarilv dismiasiitd ; for 
Khort time the commAiiiI wa-> hrlil bv El 
, land, an English marine uUiiwr, but oe n 
delVwdwl at Taitmn 22 I'eb. 1S<W. 

I.i Hung rhang, gnvemor-geneml of 
Kiang pi\>rino«'S, then applied to the Orilivh 
commandcr-iii-chii-f for the s^rvic^s of an 
Gnglif^h oltlciir. and liordon u'a> ouihoriaed 
to iuT(-«|Ft thut-'tmimniid. Hearrivedal Suag- 
KionK and b-ulen^d on bis new duti(« m a 
mandarin and IwuleuaniHwIoovl in the 
OhineftM (..-rvic*' on 24 XInrch 1863, nisfbrca 
wat^ (.■ompoewl uf gouii< thrtv 10 four thouaaad 
Cliitinu- ofticereH by 1/iO Kiiropean^i (vf almi 
('Ter>- nationality and often ol doubtful 
mcTler. By thi> iiidamilnblc wilt <>f it>. 
inaadrrlhiaheieriig^'nMxislKdywas moulJi 
into a littl" army whoiu^ hi^h-HXindini; till* 
of "evur viclorioiig" lK^ain« h ri-alily, and in 
\6m than two yeara, after I biny-tb(veengatr»- 
menls, the power of the Tiupingi^ waj com* 
plelulv broken and tin.- n-btlUon tttampedo 
The tlieatro of oiMTations wai^ the district 
Kian^soo, lying b'jlwi-eti tbv Yaug-lzc-Kiitfl^ 
riverm tin? iiorlli audihe bay of Han|^<chow 
in the »>uth. M^en tiordoa amiunod cam- 
maud tlxr n'lHd* wert< biwiHginK ('haiixu. He 
at onct^ udvAiictxI on Kiu>linn, and nfler bom- 
k&rdmunt carried llio lowii by usEault, crvai- 
iug n piinic aoiung th<i nttx^tn which l<>d thrm 
to abandon the uege of ('haiuu. He next 
, csptared Taitsan ou 1 May, K»rri»oned by Ira 
j thoni»ndmi'n,nfl«rii9everfifi;rhi oflwoday*. 
I He repleuiivhed his army by enbstiugtbe cap- 
' tnrod rebels, nod to 611 Ihe racancice cauaod 
! by thedismiswlofiomeof hiioffieersformift- 
1 ditiidiicl he waa able to siMrure the aerrioea of 



iwaad 

Itaui^ 

iiadafl 






Gordon 



<7< 



Gordon 



I 



•am«iion*«oni&iaMonMl ufiictmoftJteBnUsh dimiact iiDJcraUndini; thu in itny fbtiw 
fbroe qu&neiv<l m Shaafflisf. At the etui of , capituUliou hvobouldiioibeiiileHeredwitlL 
]il«vh«»ttai-ki.-4ll^uiluan.tlK-Taipi]igar«Biifkl, In DiTt-niber IStSi u tn-nh C&]n)>«igTi was 
&o^ by* bold Mnlvgifmuwiiii-ui. cuttle line O0[uijjviiui-d,aiiU(luriugihefoUowbgSK>nUis 
of it« comingnic-stioii wilti th>- ^-ut city of nn f<<wi;r tliaii feveu towMwere ca|itured or 
Soo-<!1mw, uid cApturod it, Inking eig'lit faun- ' flurrendemd. In Fttbriury 1864 TuiD^iuid 
drvd prisunen. Alat^^'iiiiul>i.TorraMlsw«n! I Liyut^ were Uk«n, but at Kiutang Uorxlou 
IdUra, and many fugiiivi-A wi^ro bIaui by the | met witbatvTerM- findwss kimacif wounded 



•xaspfTstfiJ cjuiilry (HUpli^. Gi>nl'jii tLcn 
««tftliU«li«Kl bU Iu-ii(l4)uaf1oni M (juinMiQ, aa 
bainy funber uway Irgm llie dt^'UoniiBUig 
influflnCMof Klianj^liiii. Tlir miiintvnuicv of 
diflcipluif* w«^ a p<-rputual ii1ni^^l<-, and th« 
oluuig^ of bciudquiLrt et«csii»i>d n mut inj' wbJch 
wu only qiii-Ilrtl by siMotiiig tW nnglesdcr 
oa tb« «]>ot. Defort- the sumiuerof lW3 was 
ovi!T. Ciordon c«ptt(i«d Kuhpoo, Wokong, and 
Patachiaow, ou tbv souib of Soo-ehow, and, 
sweeping round to tbe nortb, swcuced Loeku, 



I'ur (hf Cm liuii'. Uv tiL-vt-nliL-lvM coulinuvd 
to ffivc liU unlei-h until ha b«d to \x camM) 
to hie boat. After eumv utliiir nuEbini bi.* 
carri»d Chim-cbu-fu bv un&ult uii 27 April. 
Tbe garrison Dottaiatea of twenty thou^nd 
mun, of wbom flfti<uii bundnKl wt>n> kitl^rl. 
Tbi« viciory not only 4>ndi^ thf: campaign but 
completely dfetrojc^ the rebellion, and the 
Chinese n-ftuliir forcrA wi-n^ cnablixl Irt oecupy 
Naokin in the July following, llic largt* 
money prvaent offered to Gordon by tlie em- 



igbecit military rank in Cliiiu, and a Rold^ 
imliil of diMim-tion nf the Kmt daM. Pit^ 



mmliil 



Wanti, lad FoMiqwan, to that by Oclob(;r piTor was a^in dvclittt^d, although he hoU 
Somehow waa ootupletely inveotod. On •penlhi«pajiD promoting tUeelEciKUCTofhix 
10 Nor. tb» outwocka were captured by as- fori>e, ao that he wrote bomt.': * I AhaU loaTir 
hiUl, and thv cily Hurrvnduivd on ti Due. (TLinuav pooras wheal uotercNlil.' Theem- 
Oordon was always in front in all the«ei pi>r»r,hfiwe?er,l>eatow«du|K)n himtheyellow 
etorminff parUoe, ciUT\*iiig nu othur w-faponJ jticLt't and pL'acock's fvulbi-r of a mandarin 
than nlitllo cane, titit men callnd it hin of r.lit^ firxl cIuhn, with tJie tillt' of Ti-Tu, the 
* magic wand,' regarding it oa a charm that | 
pirnl<^;l*<] bijilif» ami l.-^l tbam oa toriclory. 

Wht'nSoo-cbowfflUiardonhadstipiilated ! mfirrhantg of Shanghiki preetvilfld him with 
with the GovBTDor^neral Li for Ihelivee of, an addrew expressing ibi-ir admiration of hia 
the WaDga(f«bel leader*). Tl»ey w<-re t«a-""pcrmduct of tho war, 

eboioualy muidei«d by U's orders. Indig- | On bi« return home in the beginning of 
naiit at thia perfidr. Gordon refused to mrro < tHti> be was made a C.It., having pretriooat; 
any longer with fiovcrnor I.i, and when on ruceived hia brrvflt as lii-iil«nant-colanfil in 
I Jan. WM niouaiyaml ntwardH wrre lieapeil Fobruary IHG4. In Htipt i-jubi^r 1^06 bt^ waa 
npon him by the enpfror declined them all, appointed cammanding royo] osginear at 
~Hytng that bu nxwived tbL- appmbatiun of (i ran-send, and for tho ui'xt fix yru» carried 



tiw rmiKior with f«cr\' gnilibcjiiitHi, but nv 
grettan mii.'it ainceivly ihni, ' owing to tho cir- 
cuotstanoM whicbiiccurrwl Mnvethei capture 
of SookJiow, he was unable to n»ceive any 
mark of his majesty theeinperor'-iivcognit ion.' 
The imnerialdecroo conferring nnfin^lnn an 
order of tbe first rank and agift »f lU.UKI Uela 
ofailTeriaoonaiderBtionofbinacrvice'iat Soo- 



ottl tbi< ordituiry dutiai* of lh<' curpit, iiii|wrin- 
t4-nding thtt contjtruction of the forts for lite 
di>f<?nreof rbvTIiantNi. During llii«ii)uit)t and 
uninventful period of mutimi work he devoted 
biHHiiiuvtinietiihepoorand sickoftheneigli- 
boiirliood,xtinling himself that he might have 
largrr Dkt.-ai>« vrberuwith to relieve others. 
He took special interest in (he inttrmnrr and 



cbew was pnMentMl to ihc Itritiisb Museum ) tbitrawMMliools. Uutookmanyof tbvboy^ 



^Kn 1686 br'Clordon'N brother. Sir Henry Wil- 

^PiainOorDon,and i» now on cxhihition in the 

^m manuacripi di^Mri mi-nt , t(i)f>'thi-r with n map 

V of the diEtrictB round Soo-rhow. drawn by 

Oasdoa,and iBarki>d with thv dales of hu 

' aneeeHnil engagemenu. 

^m After some months of inaction if became 

^BftridMtl that if Gordon did not again lake the 

Vfeld iIm Taipin^ wniihl regain the roecued 

^Voontry. On the urgent psnresenlationa of 

Uia Bntiab cnroy at Ptdcin, Uorenior IJ was 

Oo»mII<k) to isaue a proclamatiaii ■•xoiic-rat' 

fng Otutlon Ironi all complicity in the mur- 

darof tbe Wanga. Uordou ibcu reluLlojitly 

coni an ted to oontintie his servicen, on tliu 



from tJoa achoola into hia own house, starling 
thf m in life by sending tbem to sea, and ho 
(.-iinlioiivvl to wnlch thrfulureinogrtwi of hia 
' kings' aa he called them, with never-Culing 
eympaiby. 

In Octobn- 1^71 (iordon was appointed 
British member of the international commis- 
sion at lisluti fur (he impruvrtneiit of iba 
tungB-tiooof theSiilitiamoutJioftbvDanulte 
inaccordaoce witliibetreatyofl^tria. During 
bin tenure of this olGco he accompanied Gene- 
ral Sir John Adye tolbeCTimwio iv]>orton 
the Itrilikb cemfleries there. On hia way 
back to Galatx in Nuvemhor 167:! he mut 
N ubar Pasha al Const an tJnople, who aoiinded 




Gordon 



I7« 



Gordon 



lumBBtoliu8uccoo£BeSir8amuelB«kerin . 
th» Boudui. Tbc fnllnwing vnar Oorilim 
vifflt«d Cairo on bis way luna^, and on the 
nci^iiation of Sir ^KtauL-l Baltur wiut ap- 
pointed gwvfrnor of tlin iipiHlnrial prorinowi 
ofCViitral AfriKH, witli & xalary uf 10,000/. 
ft viitr. Ill* <lwltncil In rMwiv«> morv tlian 
2.000/. 

linrtlnn vrpnl lo KjfyW. iti flw? beffinniiiB nf 
lfi7-l, «nii lifff Oftim in Vehriiiin,- Tnr Ctnndn- I 
koro, the seal of his govemnifiit . ituveUiug 
bTthrSuM-Sui!il{in-rkrtM.-rroiitv. I Ic rptichL-a 
Khartoum on 1-1 March, sioppiHl only a few 
days Id iMue a praL'tamn-tion and make ar- 
nngfmvnt^ for mrn and iu[ipli<.N>^ then, oon- 
Itiming hU jnunii^y, urrivMil ut {iouiiokoro 
on 10 April. Thfl pirrison of (^iondolioKi at 
thin ttni>i did not dare ta iiiovn ant xf tii« 
p\acv ftxcepi in annfd hand*; but, in the 
course of u, ywir, the conlideace of tlio naliven 
had twH>ngain<'d, ihiTonnlry niach- luifi*, •■tght 
.ttatinns fomied and parrisoned, thi- povcnt- 
ment nii)iio|K)ly "f ivory f^nforei-d, anil ifiirti- i 
cicHt iiinti(>y jifnt to ('aira to pay atl iho vx- 
penaes of tue eX{K<dilioii. At tne close of the 
jruar, havinjr alreadv loet by isichn<w« ^-ight 
memhun of hi^ niuul) Kuroju-aii staili Gordon 
iTitiisfcrred the neat nf Bov.Tnniciit tV'iin the 
utihtuilthy .Mation.Giindiikoro, to Laido. Uy 
the end of IHiu tiuniiokiinj iind I>iiltli bad 
been jnjnwl hy a chain nf fnrtifiod poata, a j 
day* joiimi-y apart, the e^luve dsali>n had 
b(v>n niAtiiTAtsJ. and a letter tKinl nrganiaed 
to travel reguhirly Wlweeii ttiio uid the 
verp- of !lie AlWrt Nyaiiia, over two thoii- 
aand mili-x n^tlit* crow ftiea 

fiordou bad alwi TiniliHl Maf[Unjto, Mui^ 
chi»on F(ill». and Cliibcra, with a view tn a 
furthtT line of fortlGt-d poftln. and he cata- 
bliabcd, for tho first lime, by p^raonal obf>er- 
TKtiou th(> coiLTve of llie N ictoria Nile into 
I<a1co Albert. .\ltb.on^h be bad aci*mplislied 
a f^'at work Hnue his arrivnl, his uHorts lu 

fut down fbi- dlnvti trndv wwrr thwarlvd by 
small Piwha Yarmib, (rnvi'mor-gcneral of the 
Soudan, and wen- likely to pnivu atKirtivtf xu 
lati^aathi* Sondftn ritnniiiH a di.ttinct fro- 
Temmea: tVoiu that of the equalorial pro- 
vinces. H<- thercfon? at the end <if ]87fi rt- 
aigued hisappointniviit and rcturnvdbj Kn^ 
land. Strong preftsurr wa*. put upm liini by 
tbclthcdivc to rvrt.um, and on Hi Jiui. 1^7f 
ho left for Cairo, wlwre Iw rvwived tbtf com- 
binod appoiutmetit of goremor-general of the 
fjoiidau, Durfuiir, ihv iHiiiulurial provinet-a, 
And the KihI Sfii lit.tural, on the understand- 
in^ that hia efTortawereto hu dJrecCi^d lu th« 
iOQpmTt'ment of ihri mi-xnn nf rnminutii [Ra- 
tion, and t hi^ahnolnte supprfission of the slave 
trade. Gordon firet visited Aby»(iiniii, n-hcrv 
'Walad kI Michael waa giving a great deal of 



troublooti TbcKgyptiau frontier. ileactlM 
tliB dirticulty for a lime, and travelled acrma 
cnuiitry to Khartoum. wb(>ro he was infftaUed 
an guvcTiior-gwn^'nil ■''■May. AtW a ^hort ota* 
thenr bn haMt«ne<l to l>arfour, which waa in 
rr>volt ; with a small fcirvo and rapid more- 
ravnta hi» i|nelli.v] the rising, and, by th«t 
humane irnnsideration lie showed for the auf- 
feriuj; [leople, won llw-ir conGdttncr and p^ 
cifi<^^ the pF>vin(-i'. Before tliis vrmk was 
compleifly accomplished hie attention ww 
callod away by the »\avf d'^ftlcrs, who, hr«d«d 
Ijy SuK-imaiii son of the aotorioua Zobehr, 
with aix thoumnd armed men, had moved on 
Dam from llicir Mronghold Sbaka. (iordoa 
1«n i'luu'beron 31 Auf(. 1H77 with a small 
piHCorl, which he fmn uiitelri]'p'-d. and in ■ 
dav and a half, Iiaving covtri-d nigfaty-fiw 
mile* on a camel, ejiteivd Dara alone, to the 
tiurprise of it« small |;;arrit>ou. Tbp folluwiofr 
morning, attimdcil bv a *tnall RMnrt , b*' rode 
into the rt^hid ramp, upbraided Suleinuui 
wilh bia dlsloyaltv, und annouDced bU in* 
1 cntioii M diMrm the band and break ihcm up^ 
(fordon's fearloMi bearing and atrong will 
cured liiAobi«ct,nud Siilrimanretumrij i\it 
ht« men to Shako. The rapidity of < iurdonV 
movementa, together with tliu exlraordinair 
enef;gy which he dinpIayMl in lhi» sultry cli- 
matv, had a innnl bmieficial effect U|>oji l" 
local chiitffi nf the vaM terrilonr ovwr whi 
Le r«igned, and tW Innir^t oBitnnlji vnn-i, 
stim-d to ai'lion when they hwinl the ' 
wa^ fuming.' 

IMuminn; to Kliarioiin in October, 
left almominmiedia!''lyfor Iterbtir and 1' 
gola, but at the lalter place, hearing of 
exnectod Abyssinian invasion, bv at a 
rwle hack Vo Kliariouiu in five and a half 
dnva, and started via Kasala, for Senhelt, 
wt«re on inIvr^'ivw wilh Walad el MiehMl 
Willi 9i>i unMLiisfai-iorythai he went onto Mai^ 
sowah and endeavoured locommnnifaLewitb 
KingJiiliniWhiiwKKlbi-niriimiiati-ninif ngainfl 
.MeneJek, king of Shoa. Having waited at 
Massowali enmt' time in vain, ( rordon left 
in Jnn"- \H7'* for Kburloiim, via Suakin and 
Berber, but was fl(ui>pi>d on ihe way by 
teb.-grum fiwni (he kliedive summoning hi 
tn Cairo tn lak-' part in a fluiuicial emiuiry, 
He readied ('ain> in a fon»ii,'ht. and was 
received with every mark of honour by tha 
kbudivv, who, liowevt-r, mxmi discoTerod that 
tiordnn was not the man to further hU flnan- 
ciiii prijecU. A fortnight ni'tvrwards Ooi^ 
dun wiw on his way bail to hix governniMit 
by wsv of the Kei] Sea. At Z<--ila he made 
an eight days joumi-y on hunHthack inland 
tit Hiirrar, wlmre lie dUmi^i^d the gover 
llaoi J' IVsha ( who afierwarde euoce^ed G( 
don as gorcmor<^-nentl of the Soudan !) 



Ml 

1 




Gordon 



»73 



Gordon 



I 



I 



tyranny, and nudt' Vuviif Alimcd Mv^mor 
in liin ftftid. Ki'turnintr afier anotuer ' trr- 
ribli-' mtut'li of ri^ht ilnvs,' li'- resclnxl Zi-tlji 
on Msy, bhi) at onre |)ii»lt<'il nn hy Mui»n- 
wBb.Siiakiti, anti Berber to Khxrlouin. Hi>r>' 
hu first lniu1>Ie ■vrnn thi> n-fiisAl of Oiunnii 
pB«tw, his TCCond in oniiuQiKl, 10 go tn 
tVrfoiir. «o 1)1.1 ^-M sent off to Cairo In hs 
d««lt wiiU hy (he tiiiili'iriti<.'» lli-.-r*. TIk-ii, 
in Ju.\j, camr iir'ws of m n-ncwf^d r^vi^lt of 
Saltfinuui Mwl tbf iiluvrre in ike souTti, luid 
of the seiiure by tJicm of IJip rotiiitn'Hr tlie 
Balir (}iU4-l]f^'. (iordoii deispalrhf-d his trii.<<ty 
rR|>Isin, Ibi? Italinn, H'lRiulmtk (it->>»i, witli u 
^n:v to the 8outli to put down i\if tpvoIi, 
whiU- Im im)ri.'«>«lM himself to tnppn;^ rising" 
in lh*> wprt^TO parts <if llorfcmr. di^nliiig out 
defttrurl ion to the el&ve traffic, und rulBH^uu 
AouMndtf of hUtm. QasM, afi«r a yearo 
■inching and figlittn^, itucc««d«d in captur- 
ing Saleiman and Bomp of tbe cUief linv- 
(lt«l«n wtrh him. Tbcy voiv Ined a« nOwh 
and ■hot. The- MiipprevHOD of (liv rin^v trade 
had thnn Imtn prticticAlly accomplLoked vrh^n 
OB I JuJy nt^wi^ arrived of the dujiwit.ion of 
Isnail nn'l the mccMnimi of T'^wfik, which 
dett'rTniiii.Hl<.tordi>ntor4-Ai^lii<>appnintm(nit. 
On amtiii^ at ('aim (b(< litif.-divi.> inibicf^l 
him fimt to undertahfamivinn to AhyBftinin 
til uittvvnt, if poMJblv, an impendinj; war 
with that r»iintr}', fionJrm went.Mw King 
John at IX'bra Tabor, but rouM amr'' at do 
•atiftfarlorv undt rat audi ng with him, und was 
abruptly dt«tnl«t(Kl. On Uii^ wuy to Kiuutola 
be wa« made pruoner bv King Juhn> luen 
and purif^ to riamimuilhtri. H-hvrf he was 
Wt lo faud big way with bit littlv )>uriyo\or 
Ihr sni>WT moiinlnina to Ihe Rwl St-a. He 
nncbnl Maatwwah un t* Dec. 1879, and on 
hu return lo Oaipr* rht- klii^in- iicwjii™! hi.t 
Niignation. He Birirpd in Knfrlnnd early in 
Jannary IHWl, During hin nerriw under lh«^ 
khedivc 1 lonton rr^'i'ivt'd Itnth tho Mwond and 
Hnt claw of tbp order of thf Mt'djidio-h- 

Hit conHlitiirioii wa« m> much inipnin>d by 
hia ioioumin^ in ao deadly a climale that 
hia iDodifal advifwrs stnt hiui to Switz«rlanil 
lo ncniit. WUilu llicn: ihv Cape fro viTninKnt 
tifierMi him tbe pmit of contnmnditut of the 
rolanial forcve, at a Balair of l.riOO/. u yMir; 
but \i* at once dwlinMl it. Uv rctiirnt^ to 
Gnglland in April 1880, ami thi; following 
mouib acoonpaoiod th<> Maniitii- of Ki)^N]u, 
(he nrw vioRTOy of India, !•> llint country a* 
hi» private »«cn^t«ry. The world had liardly 
t-MMvI wondirriiig at the inconjpiiilv of thn 
appoinlraentwliunit wiMrtlAnledbyOordon'a 
•udden re«i((nBtion of it. He bad 8«cept«d 
ie with aotnc mutj^nn^, and finding' hitnwlf 
mrajud 14} it and likely to do barm to the 
rioroy by retaining it be at once reaigned. 



maintaining nAveitbeless his friendly r*la- 
tione with Lord Kipitn intacU 

Tn*o dnvii afliT hu rruignation he ivceivt>d 
a tt'h'^rani from Sir Kobon Hart, nonimti^ 
"ionfir of ciiHloins lit Pviiin, inritinR him to 
China to advi.-** th-' Chinrw- [rovi'mmcJit ia 
conneclioii with their Ihenstraiued reUtiona 
with Ktuwiu. Gordon uooi-])tcd at onc«, and 
althouflb dilltcutlies were rai*ed by the home 
anthonties he reached ffonekong on "£ July, 
atul wvtit on by .Shunghtii iinil Chcfoo to 
Tifntfiiu to meet his old frinid, Li Hung 
riiiinf;, who, with Princo Kunp, bcndud the 
peiHT piirly, wliilw Tko and Priiic (.'bun Iwi 
the warlilii! majority. From Tientsin fhirdtm 
wrnL til IVkin, and Iiik win,' and disiriteiVBtwd 
coiinA-U in favour nf ikcace at lon^h ciirrind 
the day. Hie mirisiun ^ntiflfactonly accom- 
n)i»hrd he relumed to Kiiffland in (Ictobi^r 
IrWO, and wt>nt tn Ireland during; the winter 
monthi to nacertaiii for hlmaelf the merits of 
the Iri.-*!! quo^tion. 'Tirvd of doing nothing' 
and olu-er^'iii^ ibe difficitllie;) that had arisen 
in Basiitolnnd.riordon tclcprnphodon" April 
ISWl to ollt-r hia uervici-i* to tbv ('»]* govern- 
ment for two years at 700/. u year. ' to aeeiKt< in 
torminalingwarandiiiudiniiiistt'ringIta«ul()- 
lan'L' T') lhi« offer be ren-ived no reply. 
Abodl l)ii<! time Gordon volunteered to j!0&« 
ciiniiinniliDtj mynl t!iiti;iiin-r lo Maiiritiun in 
ortlrt to pn^vitnt the rotimnf-nt of Cnlonel 
Sir Howard Elphinsione, who had been or- 
dered (hither, und wii.*unrtblc for private rctt- 
aoiu to go. Gordon would acceut no pecu- 
niarv coimiderstion for the exchanfje. lie 
n^ac^iod Mauritius in July 1881, and juiid a 
itht'rt vicit to thi'Seychellealo report on iheir 
defence in connection with tliat of Maimtiue 
and (hv ^'titernl sclivnii- fur the coaling Ma- 
tion*. t)n 2 .Ian. l^ii'2, on the departure of 
Miijor-g'.'uenil Murray from Mauritiuit, Go> 
drin,a9> Hi'iiiorollic^'r, a3u>un»-<lthi-i:oinuiandof 
the tmnns, and wae promoted mnjar-ge«unal 
on '24 March. 

In th« previoun month the Cape Mrem- 
ment bad applied to thi* mloniaf omoe for 
tjordon'eMnriCMinahudnithcidonticaltenni 
of his unanswered tele^am of the year before, 
riz. ' to uasiet in F'-rminoling tbi^ war and in 
ndmiui)it4iriDg iltutiitoland.' The govemmunt 
teleffraphe<l lo Gordon penniwion to accept. 
On 3 April theOape gommment t«lcgmphGd 
to him to come at ooov, as the pumlion of 
matters in Ba^utolnod waa grave. On ar- 
iiTing at Cape Town on 3 May i8i*'J the only 
poNt otFen>d In hiin uaa that of comma ndanC 
of tlie dilonia] foiwi, which hu bad uabeaita- 
tingly declini-(J t'wn vcurii bi-fon*. .\ reluc- 
tance to take the unpopular eteti of removing 
Mr, Orpen, admiinfllrator of llafutoland, in 
whom tncy had no oonfidenee, prerented the 



Gordon 



'74 



Gordon 



Cafw f^vcnuncnl fnim iitilisins llordon'.t abuKloiiincnt hy the KbMivc. Toitathim 

iH«vt«i'ii lu liiul bran intanded. Gordou put wu aaoeaany u> bring »wiiy lIil' gvtnaou 

ou o)u> tide bin own inclin&tioii«,ac]e«ipt«id Ui« ' i>c«tteivd all orer tite country, aiul ooch «f 

appoinlmont nf commtknd&nt nf l1i« colonia] the K^yTitiiuipoputAtii>niu9mii;ht object inTf>> 

fo^c^■B, I onh [>ain!) tomnWe liimself iio(|iuinl«d main. A( I bv mtf rvM;x«^ willi L'jrd HoIs^Ibj 

wit)) th(> nttivu qiiojition. made rnrimui n- thritubjcictof ((ordon'^tgrnngtn Kharl/iutii to 

ports, upon whicli no «ct>un, however, wm nrry out this policy wu diacuased, bnt with 



Uk4>n, and evaitnallT. &t ihe ivquGit of Mr. 

Sikuer, tlie Mcrvlnry fur naiivf anain, aocom- 
panioii I hat tntniHtfr to It&jiutolund. In Serv> 
tamber Gordon had on in[«r\-i«!w with tlw 
oliivf LetwMi, whn trii* frinmlly to the vo- 
TCmmcTit and anrogonifltic to ihii cliief Ma- 



no di^tinilt! riMiilt.and (iordon Wt. nitxl mom- 
irifrC I'Jth) forBriusels,eB route for theCoon. 
On tJie t7lh lii^ wa»iiiiiDRioD«(l taljondoa bf 
Utlf^mm. Ilip kin);ortbeRf>1^n!t,tovlMB 
ha had imuarii-d t-he|>it>po«aleof tliesonn- 
ment, while nxpitwing frrmt diMppomttiwat 
BUpba, and then, at Mr. ^aucrV n-(|u>wt, hr ' at thwiowof biaBerrioes,gBrohimpenBiwi flfc , 
W4^nt foMvunil negnliatAwith Masupha. ITa to fro. Onihr l^h Ciorauii »w tae Uhtj|MH 

cabint't, and the fame evening lolt i(^^| 
Oolonvl Stewart, for the Soudao. 



went unarmed, nod was completely in Ihs 
chiefs pow^r. Whilo i^nf^ngen in diiicuiisinfr 
loaiu-ra with Oordon, Masuphu was atiackea 
by Irflaea at the ditnct insiiffAli'in of Mr. 
Sauer. Fnminately Gordon hail wt far ma- 
nagvd lo win iW contidenceof Mamjpha thut 
llie chief acquitted him of romphcity in th* 
periidy. and allowi.-d him to de)<art without 
mnlfitattnn. numiiig with indignation, Gor- 
don hurried to King Willium's T<;wn. and 
tidegrnplied hia reaiimation to the C'jipe (jo- 
remmeiit. It wna ^nnaliy luxc-plvd by th« 
premier, who Keiu>d Lho opimrlutiitr to r«conJ 
DM convinion that flordnnV continuance in 
thepoal h** occupied wcnild mil In- <-itndiiciv(i 
to tno public inl^nrtW. ! Gordon Ipfl the Cape 
fm 14 Oti^ \f<B'2, and ou hit) arrival in Ens- 
land ihf following month found himacltn 



t::i 



ii)inMnii.'liou«. SometliingathatbepropOMd 
and»oiuctluiihedidt<rokvdat ih<?iiinea hoa- 
tile eril ictHm. whie.h theA' wouhl not have dona 
had tlioy bL-on rcirarded solely with reft' 
tothittohJL'rf. Ha pmclaimiit the inde 
to WN^UR* Gordon's Ber^'i(^t<Tl for thn n^wCongv denceof the Soudan; hi- nllo'willhfrvlfvt 
stale, now wrote to bim on th*> Bubiect, and ofviavea ; boaakedtbntZetMjlu- might V ^^ 
Gordon at onoc exprea«ed his reaainesi> 10 ' to him fmm Cairo an the only inflnenov that 
ter bis mHJoH[y'86tr^'icc wbvncver (hekiiig cijuld compete with that of th<> MAhdi:hr 
hi rwjuii-f him. -\» lhi« was not likely I dtMiiandud tlml Tiirkijih lit>opf should " " 



major-ireneral uncmploytd. 

■kintrof tht- Btdgiana. who waaanxirma 



Goidon's mimoo waa to eOect tlw with- 
drawal of the oftTriaona and to evacuate tlf^H 
Soudrm. At Oairo hia ftinctions wire n'i4^| 
Rideiably eKiiHidod. Uewas appoinled, wit^' 
thocoDwnt of the Brituh govemnu-nt. co* 
voraorvvnsnil of the Soudan, and waa w 
structed, not only tu eflict thi- •'vactiatioM of 
the wiuntry, but lo take atepa to laa-n 1 
an or;gaiii«>il indi'n-ndi'nl ^VHmmenl. 
Khartoum, where he arrivM on 18 Feb. U 
Gordon was received with a perfect ovatioa. 
ITennw kept )ii« minddiroiMed totheaccofl»- 

f||iakment of hi* onu object, the KuwutioBdf 
liil 




'done 
ntiovH 

•«ei«a 



iiminiBdiflt<^ly,he<»rriedout in the m'.-an- 
tiinealoM-rbpriidti'dd'iNinelo visit Palestine. 
He arrivM at Jaffa on I't Jan. 1883 on his 
way to Jeru»ah'tu,BndKp<'nt the jpvatw part 
uf a year in the Holy I<nnd,inTestig&tiitrand 
thuoriiungoaihe biblical eitea and holrpTatjM. 
In October ha waa summoned to mml hia 
promise to the king of the Delffione, and 
n>nche() Hrumteliiou fjaii. I^'84, only to leant 
thni the wiir di-jmrtmt'ul nrfusHd to sanction 
hi" I'lnploymi-rit. He was arrnuging to nt- 
nnitni't? hU well-efimedpi>neirinand to r«Mgn 
hif) rommi^iun, trusting lo the generoiity uf 
tht' king of the Itelgiana, when na woa sum- 
moni^l to the war ofEce tm IG Jon. by Lord 
Woliwley, 'riif nurreM nf the .llahdi in the 
Sotulnn and the catastrophe to Hmka Pasha 
in November iSSH liuil inclimy] the Kntiali 
gOTcmmi<nt not onlv to di'clinc any military 



patched to hi.'^ nwiiittiinre ; hf m 
thi» nereuity nf keening open the i 
cation Wtwiv^n Siiakin and Berber; be i 
ge«ted that Indian .Moslem troopa ahooM 
wnt to Wady Haifa ; b-- nuktiJ permiiuouui ' 
confer pereonally with thit.Muhdi. andhe da 
aired to be allowed, in eaM> bn thoogbt i|] 
ntweMary, to take action muth of Khanonnu' 
None of theae ranuKMa wem pmnted, and 
when Sir Gerald Graham, after the TiMonet 
of tha firal Huakin *-(|>rililion, propoeed to 
reach n. bond to Gordon vi& Bi^rbtr this al» 
was rL'fuBcd. 

By thtr month of ^larch, having sucoiedcd 
in iMtndiug soma two thousand fivit hundred 
pmjple dnwn tilt* Nili> into aaCetv, Gordon 
round himiiolf getting hemmed tn by tW 
Mnhdi and no ivi'tnnre coming from witb* 
out. On Itl .April I KM his last t^le^mun he- 



awislaneetoensbletbeERyptiaiiKovemmenl I fore the wires were cut complained bitlerl 
to hold th« Soudan, but to inAJ^r upon Its j of thcncglcctof tbegorenmHot. IIkb' 




Gordon 



«W- 



Cordon 




of KhmrtouB been oo 13 3bich. naA fr«B 
thftt time to iu liUl Oocdott tmawi « tW 
ilifiiiii niiliiiiiiiiiiw— iiiitin Biai 
wrv iodaII, bi« troujH fcw.aarf bi 
•Mi«t»nU could be oimmtfi an tW 
fPQs haad. jM b* vnmd w 
liret aKAiwn iato hnn^ i 
oikEB< to idkIw rad bf dcnm Ind 
pLwwwireenUitilettHaU, Midtocx«c«tc be- 
qneot sortiei, wule liv knc op tkaifait* aaid 
eonnj^of liu IbDow* pv ^liiwa 
in hoaonr of tbair bnvenr, kBd hu 
nsiic md detwaiwrf far br owrl— i 
during che Un«r fan of «Ueh A* 
wbo tru9i«d him w«t« ponhnf f 
aad faninr, umI tbr grip <rf ikm caaay wai i 
tighieniiw. 

In A(M-iltbeDeeEMitToffti»lMi'ttzpeAlia«| 
II iii n iiiMMiiiliiiiiiiillii un iiiaiii W il^iiii.bit 
witiioot ATaiL InHBypopvdBrfac&Bf faand 
Teat DOC c^ ia pabbe aafthy b«t ta iIh 
Uooss of ComMnt, wba« ft vote rf m m t i' I 
oo the gnrmmeat wm birt b; onir timtT- 
•i^tvoiofc. EnBtiHU^pimiMbvemM^ I 
Iri Krnil ■ reiief «3n>nditjnn miia Oairo ia the ' 
autumn, utA on S Auf . ■ roce at enSt (or 
3UU,UUU/. wv tmkn for'ofMcmtiQw far tiw 
relief at Gt^tni Gmdon ttuNiU it bArome 
noeanuy. kdJ to aalw oeftmin pRpantioa* ' 
in mpMt thtnat' B-nm whra it wm it- ' 
tided Tbfti I<ord Vt'nl9f\fj ■hosld ub n»- ! 
mand of m n-hut r-i prdilioo up tbn Nilr, bat- ' 
tation continiit-d to muk tlw pr u awdiBipa at ' 
the jfOTprnnwnt, «nil tinw, tn *«lu«lil» on ' 
MToont nf \he riuag nt the KUi>, vu Ion. 
It WBS 1 SpM. b«f(m Lard Wobeky wu 
■hl*> to \**rf EBKUnd. llm artiTthing wkw 
ilnii^ that could oe doDe. but the delay had 

Id 8<7tfiiiib«>r 1 W^, bavisff driven the re- 

h»)* nil nf IWtm'. ( lacdoQ ssUnrued hii oom- 

p«ni : '" !iol Stewart and FV«nli Power 

(•Ti ■poadeiit\io^<lQWQtheriTer 

iti t Ik* Mz-niusr Abhu to opeo cotmnunication 

with Poogola. TheKl'siiHirstmHEotia rock, 

and thfy wts* both ttvadtenmalT mnrd^rod, 

) OardtHt'waA&nwthcoDlT^cUflhman inKhai^ 

toum. On 30 UtK. Lord WoUetpv UuncixMl 

Sir lirrtiett ftewan'a axpeditioa Inm Korti 

BCroaa tha JMBrt lo lfelnnnu>h, <rl)irn<, after 

ftwoaenntagtgeiafjti», it amrM nn 'JO Jah, 

1888 imdcr ooMmand nf 8ir rbari<>a Wilson, 

Slwui hating; )M>^n tnnrtaliv «rr>uni]n<l. In 

' onlflr to sucflour tb« milwvuia^ farce, Gordmi 

I Wl drpriTed hinwelf for thrw ntontha of Et« 

I mt flf Uaa^rm iii«ain(>ra. TbeapfiTetitMuaeiv, 

fUIly ami»^, "ijiiippwi.tnil pro vifi toned, w<>r« 

m wail inc. ana in tbrm wcn hii dlanos and 

Iritof Up lo M Dec. On ttuit tUio h<" wrwU' 

to Majnr Walaoo, Ft.K., al CWin>, tLat he 

thougnt thr> gatB« was up, aad a cataetmpbe 



toalL Cm tb* MBa 4w b» « 
tnlMMMr: ' I •■ Mia hafpy. Awk Oed. 
a^ life Lawiw*. 1 k»v uM •• ^ ay 
Art* Ifii dwT «ded oa th» ^ ^ 
witL: •IbwvihMrtbr htw far tW bnwiiar 
Wmt [■■hi. Caad bru' hwaaane— mt 
ft* lfc» afa^rflii MNfa itet Wibn riRwA 
im Bite a iMaaaaiMaaM daws the rinr 



■* BirtR bifan H^ t« KbntMM. 
wlaa fe rtattad M tWmvaa Aa Mdl 



ihefiBMitiH tf MTIMtlM WWB M BmU 
tba* imsiUiyw tiba SM Wfcn Iha 
gpalwaawaifawl,— Jifc—aalyiotodtth 
Ar baadt «r tba lUhdi, Kkil«m barnr 
falk» earir «■ dtt 9aib. aftw • MM itf il? 



1^ 



tbr 

ti awaHi chat the gviiaaa xarijr 
ia JaaaaijbM beoandweed tegnat Mnita 
far vaM af feod. aad gnu awaben aT tha 
tahihiwwa ted availed thenfahw of 0«t» 
daB^pa^riMtojoiatbaMalidL Ondvfw 
■■a. «pp«Kta lo Kbaitoaa «■ th* WHl hMk 
<tf the Bvor, Ml aboot 13 Jaa, mkI aboal 
tka 16ih a aivtia vai aade, ia wUeb aoaM 
m ti imi fi^bliag leak placv. "Hw vtat* of Iha 
ca^nna taca cnw oespentA tio^aoii coa* 
tivaally vintad the poaU by si^t as ««U 
aa day, aad aaenMBd tba faidbtd K*m- 
am. ' The bswi of Sir Bsb«t St»«an'« 
expedition, aad tb» aocxjomhi wg^iaiaili 
it bad fanriu OB th« way to SInMwweh. dft- 
limniaed taa Mahdi to BlarTn Kluuinuro b^ 
fare friafaniMinta mold arrire for its rcUe£ 
Tbf attack wb» made on tbp south (rail 
U aaO kJt. on Monday 'X Jan IWtt. The 
defence was half-heart<.'d, trvarhm- ww at 
woHc, uul Oordon rvopivrd nn tidtafp of the 
■swnlt. Tbfrvbebtnadegnodiheireninnce, 
and ihi-n > ^titbI laeufcre enaaed. Tie 
aooMintii of (tonlos's death an- nonfoanl and 
oooAictins, but tb«y kU af^rve in stating that 
h« WM killr<) n^r ih« nir of the palace, 
and hif> bead carried to the Mahdi^ camp. 

Intt>lli^MM» of tlwr catoatrophe reached 
England oa Thursday, A Kefa. Tin cnMbnni 
of popular grief, not only in tfaia ominlry and 
her rolomhia, but alM among focaign nations, 
bjL* hardly been parallelml. It wa» iinivcr* 
nalty ackoowladgM thai the world had loat 
a hero. Friday. 13 March, vta ohM-nred aa 
a day of national muamintf, and im-ial tn^ 
TicRK were held in the rathcdnils and in many 
churrhM of the load, tho«a> at W«»taiiait«r 
Abbey and Si. PauVi hein^ attended Iw Aa 
royal family, meoilMn of both hoiwea or fior- 
liamf'nf. and repr«wntal i vre of the naval and 
miliian' serwiw^. Parliament TotiwJ a national 
monument (•> lif ]>lnc*'d in Trafalf{nr SituirM 
(piccui^hI by Mr. tlamo TbnmyctoA, K.A., 



Gordon 



176 



Gordon 



and unveil*^ 1& Ufi. lf«i^>»(ni u biioi of | before tlm (kll of KinoWin,' lS»ia. III. Oor- 
aOfiOOL to Ills raUtiveA. A FAciimltcnt wfiipy don's ' Uinry of liu Tuptng Rebetlioo,* od. 
ofOordoninlmjn«! Ijy Mr. noi-lira. K.A.,hiui A. E. Hake, ISBO. 

be6iii)la^.-dhvtl,^nimilym t>I..Pnii!VOHthe- [Corp. Rfoordfl ; Oonloo'. ovn 1»u«b ui 
dfw. The TOfjiB of roy»l eu^m^n' wiwclod juuninU n*. «!»?•; A. Wilw*'*' ErarVieUritm 
» bmiicf BlntiH- nf him iuuual4>d on a camul. Army,' 18S8 ; Dr. Blrkbcdi Hill'a CoImoI 0»e> 



dun in Ccotnl Africa. 18SI; Hake'ii Ston of 
C?iiii»a Ounlon ; 0<>1. Sir W V. Hmlmr%. MlBIIJIl 
of OupI'hi rtiMcnof Ai it 

Choinej'ii luuin,T!tin M'' : 
18(4 : AivliiWJ ParbfBs' r.i:ii».> 1 lordnn^ 
(!o|.ju^l Sir Cb«ria> Wilwia'* From Kortj 
Kliikrlonm : Rty. It. H. BuiKa* CKhHm Ire 
lionloi) a Sktifch, IKKS- Boalgor'h IIi«t. 
I'hinit, vol, iiL 1881. &c; Ltmt«iMkai-e«nFnl , 
<1. Gnham's f^Jt WonU viih Qiudon. IE 
H, W. (jordoii'i I^thdU tn ibe Lifit of 
0»urg» florJon. 188fl.j K. H. V. 



by Mr. Otwlow Ford, A.R. A., in thoir barrack 
witsre! nt Clinthum, mid s portrail by Mr. 
Val Prinsfji is in [he Cb&tliam mcsn. M<^ 
morialit ai>? atno projected in Ww1niin>lvr 
Abboy ftnd Roc1ii»(«t ('atbe>dnl. >Ior»^ c^^mr- 
ml t-xpr^s*inn v.iw ijivttu lu ibe jwyplt'is ad- 
miration of (iurdon'^ eliaractpr by I fix ittflt- 
luiiDiiof ibij' (tordon Bovh' HomH'forboine- 
IpMiHnd dpitlilutf hayit. fliirdon's i>i»l«ir ptv- 
Gi-ntwl t'J thu town of f^tluthampln^ Iht 
bruTbi-r'K libnin- in March ISSi). 

Gardon'ii ckuftcl^r waa aiuqne. Simplo* 
mindful, mcKWt.nnd almoKi morbidly retir- [ GORDON, i)<:KE(l739-1 t<H)V ''l"-'><-< 
ing, he w-a» r«arb-«j« ami niilMHiki.m wlieti ijon (if William fiordou, a wt^awt 
otrcufinn reqiuri>d. Straue in will and prompt ttrrow, I'Minburyli,w»bomon L''i ; 
in nction. with «. nHtiinuly hot I era per, he Ifi"* father jrHvehim hi«bnpli«mril nnm*; 
waa yfl for^-iving tn a faiill. fkinu.-whnt n cIitTuiisli (WIiiik for tJi'' Dukf nt frord 
bnisque in matmt-r, bia dispLisitHin was ttin- He waa educ*l«d at a xchnol in the C'v 
l^iliirly si-mpalhirtic and atlroctiw. wiuninff palo. under .■Vndri?w Wnddd, tmiHlator 
all hearts. \V«alcn«w and aufierinj: al oucc j Buchanan's {wranhraM- of the I'Wws. 
Mtli.«tMl hiM intofcet. Caring notliing for; 13 March U'^S Ll' onttrH the limekc. 
what was aaid of bim, tie wiu. indifTvrt'nt lo in Lht.' Edinbuntb L'nit-fmily utidcf Ito 
praise or reward, and bad a supnrme cxin- IIunitT, and b^-amc a goijd scbolar. Pu; 
Icmpt for money. Hie whuk- buing vaa 17'>4 be wiit)Bubatitut<> t>'ai:btir of tli<- pa 
iloiuinalwl by a ('brifltiau faith hL nnoe ao , AcJino! of 'IVunt-nl, tladdln^tonabin-, rrtum- 
r>vtl and bo eanuwt thnt, all hough his mli- ing lo tbv unin-niity on 4 March 176A. A 



^iuiitt views wen.' tinjftN! witJt 7uy*<ici«ni, the 
nhjwt nf bin li6> was fhf t*nlin- :kiirT<>udfr of 
himself lo work out wbatoror be beUi>v«d to 
Ive the will of lioii. 

The fntlowiiijr r-piiaph hiii> htfea vrritt«ti 
by I*ord Tennyson : 
Wnrrior i)f Ood, man*" friend, not lieri^ b«low. 

But MDiovhtre dwd fur in tb« mite Soudan, 
Tbon liT*f«t in all henrts. fat all ntdi know 

Thiitmnh bnih bamo nonimplor, iiobhrBian. 



romplftiiig bin (Munu; In* was tutor in 

fi^DiUim of Captain John Dalrympli: fq. vj 
aflvrwnrd* fifih .-arl of Stair, and ofAkle 
der IIcmwhU, bird AucliinlwlE ^ij, v.] Jami 
Itobensun, D.D., pnifeaaor of orinutal 

giingi-*, on hi'ini; madii iinivtirNtv libra , 

(12 .fan. 1763), ari)ioinled (innlon bis aMsstv 
ant. Thin office lie ivtained lutdvrAndnn' 
Palzi'l [a. v.l, HobrrtAon'it auoeewor. Hil 
aalary till 1763 waa only 16/., aud airrm eu 



The following lett^re and joMmaU of Oor- 1 «N>ded iVil. ; hi? anpiwrtod bimself mail 
dou haro \iL-t-n ptibli»hfd: f. ' Publications j 1^7 tuil^ioH' Acconltnii; tobia tuo^n^pher, 
of ibe ligyplian < Jenerai dtaff. I'rovincoaof I ■*** « jvitienl, sensitive scholar, noi withoo 
the liqiiator. Siimmnry of l>;tt<T(iand rcporla [ Bnrt.'a.ftu: huiaour. Hu dvtected tbrw nf tl 
from tb" govomor-guiierai,' Cairo, 1877. •weirorainthe'immacutate' Horawof 17( 
■2. ' IWIectiims in I'alesliue.' 188a. 3,'Let- [sei* F0PM8, RoiiBBrl On hit n>ilr.-nji-jit| 
UifB from the Criinoa, tbu Uanuby, and Ar- 1 tmia datT iw r.-c^iTi-d ( 12 April IriOO) lL_ 
iiMintH . . . I8.'i4 tn . . . 1858,' ed. D. C, d»pWOfM-A. Uedifld unraarriednn fttJ D.*.! 
BonlgBT. IfS**^!-. 4. 'General Gordon** PrivBlft I 1900, and wan bnri.-ij in.Sl.C'ntbbert'schiireb'l 
Dianr ot his E.\ploit^ in Cbinu,' utnplifii'd bv 1 yrd. wbi^n^ a ninnnnHnt lo bi« m^morr bwra j 
S. Mtwuman, IhKj. fi. ' (ionlon, a womiuis » lo«g Latin iii6crii)ti<in by flalitri. He leftj 
memorieji of him. and hif I<;ttc>re to her fruin ^*^'- >o th« Edinburgh Intirmary, and tb#] 
the HoIt Land.' 188fi. tt. ' l>tit..n. to his < tiJteraionof bouiwprowaly of ntairly the aaiBl 
8ij*ler, !*1. A. Gordon,' llW}. 7. 'l^tltTB to 1 *»'"<• to the poor of St. CuthbertV 
theltev. K. lI.B«mp«.'lHfy;. «. 'The .lour- [Memoir by Ualicl in N«ir Annual Rt^igfw] 
riala of . . . Oonlon at Kartonm.' ^1. A. G. (fnr 1801). 1802, j'. *7: alw in .Si-ola MiwanBB,' 
UakOflBS'), 9. 'Iieneml Gordcm'ulastJour- 1803 (coiitains valnulilc particalan of Booitidi' 
tuL Afaosimilrrof thcluit ofrhi-aixroliimea I anlrfivity truning) ; Oat. of EdinbiuKk rh»- 
of JouniaU d(«[«tched by Oaneral Gordon, duua, I8«9,p. 21&.J a. 0. 



J 



Gordon 



» 



OORDON, EDWARD STRATHEARW, 
BaKox Gq«Dos (I8li-I8"y). lonl of ftplWftl. 
aldest son of John (lonlon, major of tlie 'iaA 
ngioDrom by Calfaunui*, ilau^liltrr of Altd- 
uuler Smitli, •wnn Koni at Invcrni-jti 10 April 
1811, and kIucaIoiI bt. tbe roya] academy io 
iliat town, and at the univ(>nnty of I*!^:)!- 
burgb, and look hti< 1>L.K. frf)in both tbii 
GUJiguw and I'^linbufiih univerMti'-*. Hw 
WB* called to ttiL- bar of Sl^o^lnnd in M^t, 
boounc a Q.C. 13 Nuv. 18US. iras ap- 
pointvd »n kdvotrstn^epul:*!, and 6Pn'»d a« 
■]i«>ritr of p.-rtbsliirv frum 1^ July ld&3 to 
i'J July I'^Xt- Hp iriM M-niof eounael for 
Major Yi^lv-Ttwi in ihfl fAtnouit and long-coii- 
Msted \'«lverton msTring^ c^iu» in July ISG'J. 
Am Milicilorsi;cn^ml for Gotland be was in 
office fcom JuIt IHtOy to 2'*' bVb. 1867, wh^n 
hn becami) lorQ-ailrncat*^ of Srotland, which 
place b<* hfld to Pficwmbcr 1868, and aft^>r- 
wanb, OB III*" relum of his party to pwwrr 
aeaib. from SH F«h. 1874 lo October Wft. 
iMwTCO ibuK dat«>* b« held tbe office of 
dean of fiieulty, to wbicb h? was etoct^ by 
tbe unaninoux voicv of his bn'tbren of the 
bar in im6. and re«ignM it tn 1874. As a 
conicrratire W me for Tiratford, NorfoUi, 
bUB 8 IVc- 1807 until that hurouffh waa di»- 
frftacliiwd on 1 1 Not. in tbe fallowing ytrar. 
He coaXetted tbv teat for tbr niiu|^)w luid 
Aberdeen uaiverNli>^ vith the Ki^t Hon. 
JaoMe Mimcreiff in \90ii. rvc«iviag *2,UiM 
TotM againat SfiOT pvtra for hi« liborel op- 
ponent, and in the foUowin^ year, oa Mon- 
erejff becoming a lordofseenon, Gordon wo* 
*l«ct«I to fill ibe v&cAncv. Un 17 Ikfarcb 
187-t be was gantted u pnvy councillor. On 
([Oct, 1878hewa«crHotiHi, undcrtliL-Appcl- 
lair Jariadirtioit Act, a lord of appeal in or< 
dinary, with th<^ »ty1r and title of Itaron 
Gordon of nruiD<'ani in the oounly of Stir- 
ling. and a salary of H,(IOI)/. a yi-ar, iniia bring 
among tlte earliif«r to hnid a lif(vpf>en^re. Hs ' 
waa a earefU and accurate, if not a brilliant 
lawyer. Ilia h«alth did not permit him to 
gm Aill aoope to kit powera in tbe Uoa«e 
of Ixtrda, but tbe jad^meota which he dirl 
fpre there went invariably aouDd and caI>^- 
fnllj wnsidend. For aeTeral yean from 
ISWbe waaa caplain.if theadnMatM* volun- 
laer eoiBpany, and wm aftonrards colonel of 
tbe 1st Kdinhurgh Wiulion. lie Mt iii bia 

SU£«in the House uf Lords until the '.-nd of 
ulv 187U, wh>>n, acting on the advicB uf hia 
■Mioal adviApT^ be »et out for Hombarg f'>r 
the benefit of bin lieallh, but onlr raaded aa 
fiu- aa BmaaelB, wbm^ b« di.^ 2f Auir. 1870. 
Ue muTinl in 1946 A^««, only child of 
Jamea .Maclnnea of Aud>pnr<sirb. Stirling 
shire, with wboao he reecired a Ur^ for- 
tuoe. 

TOZ. XXII. 



[JoufiM] of Jari*pmd»nce, lS79.axiii. 1111-3,' 
Timofi, 23 Ao^;. 1(179, p. II ; MvTimea, 6 S«pt. 
IS79. p. 340; .<iicotOTaMB. 21 Aug 1879. p. 7.] 

Q. C. B. 
GORDON'. KUZAHKlli.Covimmor 
SiTTiiRKLKXti (I7tt&-IK.*»). [See Litrcms. 
(ioWBR, KUKAnBTIJ, DCCHIHS Or SUTHBR- 
LIXD.] 

GORDON. ELlZAUVrtH, Ddohbw of 

GoBl>OK(I7V}l-1S61), wnAbom in London on 
'iO June 1794. Her father, .^hixandiirBrDdia, 
was a yuungvr iton uf Itnxlio <if llrudiw in the 
north of Scotland. OiLrefuIly educBl«d, the 
beinws of ff^vat wealth, and jwasmaed of a 
handanme figure andabriffht.joTOuadiKposi- 
tioD, abe marned on II Uw. 1813 Geoive 
Qordon, nurquia of lluntlr^ afttrvntit fifth 
duke of Gonloa [q. v.] The marauis was 
twi>Dty-fiTe yean older than beraelf. Iler 
position caTG her a«ma« to the best »ocio1y, 
but revelaiiona of unl>luj>hin^ vice in bigb 
quarters distreased her, and Im her to stuay 
the Biblu for Mlaoe under her grief. She 
liecame a BOist earnest belierer, and after 
a time aiado a complete ivnunnatkm of the 
wi»rld. RecomineDucbMsofOordon in 1837, 
at tba afe of thirty-three, ahe dnlibt-rstely 
beftan a Itfe of eamwl devotion. Hix lM<canie 
int4.MVAti'd in ^hools, chapels, andoUiorCbris- 
tian und^n akings among ber own people, and 
wlwm in IHUUthe death of her husMnd, with 
whom she bad lired in miirh affooUoe, mads 
ber tndeptaideBt, berdevotion became nwre in- 
tense than erer. Hontlv Lodge, her raaidanee, 
was situated tn Stratbbogie, one of the dUm 
fiddaoftbrwrll-known conflict hntweea the 
ehorcfa uid the ciril courts previuua to 1&43, 
wheatbedisniptioBortbechurcbofScotUaa 
occurred. The ducht«4 wa« ao epiMopalUn, 
but ber sympathiee were with tboae who wer* 
in conflkt with the civil cotirts, though aba 
waa tkotdiapoaed to identify lie mclf with tbvir 
raoTement. But in 184(1 ber view chan({nd. 
Bulioring chat the churcb of Knfflaiid wm 
not constituted in acoordaaoo with tlir mind 
of ibo Lord, because It had m disctpliae, alw 
Irft it after a long mental coaflictjand Joiuvd 
the Free cbureb of Scotland. The leaden 
of the Free obarcb were her perwmal fHenda, 
. viaited herhouMfend bttUr^igioua 
■inderbBrroaf. SheeaaelooBeapy 
ntnoog HraageU»l ChriMtium In SooUand tlw 
maition that in former yMn bad Iimb ImU 
py the Conntesa of Lcvtn aad VUeoOBtem 
< iletiorchy. liar death took ptaea aiWMwIut 
suddenly at lluntly l^odge on 81 Jan. IMi, 
in ber eevmtietb year. 

f Boss's Paentfic, lif* and Lriten of Klis»> 
beth, lax Dathea of Qofdon, by ilo R-v. A. 
■aaily atoartv 2ad edtL Leaden, IUMI 

W.Q.B. 



Gordon 



178 



Gordon 



QORDOX, C.EOIUJB, AMwnd Kabi, op 
UuKTLT id. \5i>2?), lord htgli djancellor of 
Scatl&iid, waA ihtt t<lil««t son of Alexander 
de Sfiton, lord of (iordon, and flrnt. earl of 
lluntly, bv hi» third wife, Mliiabecb, eldest. 
dBU^t«r of WilliAni, lord L'richlcn, lord 
haa eluuic«llor of i:>colliuid. lliu fallier, 
kfter receiving n ^dI o( Slmibbogic ana 
otlior liLiide, uud \>muu in 144'^* cnwlvd Kurl 
of H uullv, (Iffuaied Uw hdirl of rrnwl'ord at 
Brarliiii, l8 May 1452. Bybi^st^mnd map- 
r'utfft lio liad a miii, Sir Alcxundvr, aiicwtor 
of the 8«tan5 of Taucb, but the iturceMiion 
to tlie evrldom uf Iluntty was willed by 
chart«r on the Usiii> of thu third marrie^, 
wbo took iUi> auraaine of Uorduu. Oeorgv, 
lliB eldL-:>< M>n hr th\i miLrriaf;L\ nucceod^d to 
tho uurldom aoS tlie bulk of tbti titialtie on 
tliv death of bis fnthor, IS July 1470. In 
14IS4 he was one of thi- commiesionen for a 
Ireaty of [leaue willi l^liit^liuid. Along wifli 
the h&rls of Atholl nndCmwford ht: ii)Usti.'rtHl 
a Elroui: Ioflt In 1 4^7, and joined ihu litandurd 
of Jiuiti-Jt 111 agum»l thi< iosur^jit iiiibW, 
In ibe fulluwiug yuar be and the Earl of 
Crawford weri! ii)ip»iiitvd lorilii jurticiiiry 
norlli of thu FnrLa. lie siiegRsl^ta tbi! non- 
fereiicv with the nobtce at Buckuess, but tuG 
attriuiit* Ml A ntconciliation fiul<>d, mid, not 
approving of ibe king's obatinacy, he rttiin^ 
10 tiia u»ttkt«(t. Tytldr repFWVDts Uuntlv aa 
iMiling, along witu Atliufl, tlu.- udmnra.- ilivi- 
«ion of tlie royal army ul llic biittlu uf >5au- 
chiffburn, but ho waa only on lb« march 
BoulhwiLfd whnn Oi» bitlt.lu took p1ucc. Tho 
prolmbiliLy, moreover, i» that \w iiit«nded 
to oAsiHt not thti father, but the sou, for on 
the Bccwwion nf .lumcJi I V immMintely tift^r- 
wiirdrt be wua sworn a privy wiinoillor, and 
ompowervd to eiercise jiwtiw' in the nurth 
ana mippr<?A» ftUdiwtrdpr* On 13 May 1491 
\n: was appouitud king's lieutenant nurlh of 
tho Ksk, until the \iiag ehotild r>?nch tlie age 
of lw«iily-Uve. In iioiiiiijctiou with asc-liRtnn 
for brin^itig the higblaud rtviuoh moru di- 
nctlj under Ic-^l eonlrul, lluntly was ap- 
poinltrd In !4'.)t! wilh olhMruiiiiiuiHi>ion«r» to 
drive out " brokL'n mt-n ' from forfeited eatates, 
and let ihf-in for (ivit vi'nre lo ' t-n»e men.' 
On 4 March 14U8 he wa^ appointed lord high 
duocellor {B^. Mag. Siy. i. 2389>. He wu£ 
•iipened«dl in thin ollici: in loUl by Oeorge, 
diuto of OrkiiGy. Apparently on ihiMaecount 
ha IB represented by the historian of the house 
of Oordon.whft M.atj"'* tbdt he w«« buried in 
thu cbaacel of the abbey ohurch of C'auibu»- 
kenneth, afidyinson 8 June lot)l,hot be was 
aliviiou UJuly lK'2(iA.'MW l.anddivd mma 
timn betwt-en that date and .'«) Jaii- IfrftWi 
(». itnat). AllliouKh the fact is omiltwl in 
ibe usual booka of raferL-ncv, Jiuntly was 



married to KlicabMh Dunbar, cnnnt^a uf 
Moray, but wav divorced from her juAaii 

1. (f27). By this marriage he had no Uhoc 
On lU Marcli 14oit he waa married lo iW 
PrinccasAnnabolla,daiie)>t«rof JbidmI, whn 
wan not tlio widow of llie Karl of An^ u 
Rtated in the ]ieerage», but had been rejnrW 
by Lotiu, count of Geuuva, aAvrwanU Dukt 
of Savoy, after, in 1455, ^le bad ffiav an hit 
Iwinjihed wife U> l-'raiH-e (RlUliEU., Traeti. 
Lfyal and Hirtifrical, p. BUJ). Tim PKocnw 
Annabell&waiian*i4 July 1471 divoroad&ua 
lluntly, on the ffiound' that be had bw« 
pcwviuiinly marriiMl to Kliialjrthl)unbu',aiul 
waa therefore witliio the forbidd«iB de^reM 
of affinity, through the divoent of bii fint 
wife from Marjorv, couutt«t ofHorkjiMMr 
of Uubvrl UlcUlitDELL, Law t^ Scvttui 
i'femget, i. 5:^7 ). A marriaf^ was fixed to 
lakL' ulai-i: lH.awm-ii Huutty and Lady ICkaa- 
ln'ih lltty,dauu;lit6rof\Viliium.earlQf EtroU, 
uu Ibi.' Itith uf thL- foltowitiff An^iust, but it 
wna licit lud ('nil ntM^l lill l*J May 147ti. By thi* 
raurriapj he i^ siutud to bate had no ueae, 
but by bio roarriauf with the Prinpeaa Anna- 
bnlla to havtihatl four »oni< and ^daughl^n. 
The eldest aon, Alexander \j\. ▼.]. aucceeded 
lo thf pL-on^fc : tbf A-cond sun, Adam, lord 
of Ahoynt'. married i'Uizubelh, (!«uot«aa of 
Sutherland, uud in her right becanu) Earl of 
Bulherland ; from I he thinl son, ;^ WUliau, 
iiii(-»ttir of t he I ionlonit r>f ( 1 iglit, tba mothvr 
nf Ivon) Byron waa deen^ded ; and th« fiiunh 
eon, J(LinL-« tSonlon of LiEftlvrfourie, was ad> 
mind of the ll>^-t in 1613. The t>ld«st dauKli* 
U>r, Katherine,marr)«lPerkin Warbeck,aad. 
nt'tatr rexidiriffat I he coiiri. of England, where 
Hhe was styled the ■ White Ho«c," tnarrird 
Sir Matthew L'railovk, ancvM^v of tli« oarU 
of Pembroko. 

[Umwfiird> offliwrs of !Stat«. ppk J^(-8 ; 
rImV Hcottiah r'oerag* (Wood), 1. M4-£; 
liani Ooriiva* HouM uf Oonkn ; R«But«ro(__ 
Oniat Sra.1 df Scotiaial , Jolin flidonll'a Lt^ffi 
Tritct*; Julin Itiddcir* Intfuiry into tha lAwaad 
PraelJve at Scoitiah Peengo; I>viwld Qngarj't 
VMl«ni Highlandg.] T. F. II. 

QOKDON, UKOUOK. fourth Kau. or 
HrKTLT (1514~lfi(>:;), was the eldoat son of 
John, uia«t«:rof Hiiiitly (pwond son of Aln- 
ander.tlurdearlof lluiiily [q.v.Jhby tuawifo 
Margaret, nntunl daughter of Jameji IV'aod 
Mai^rarut l>ruiRuiond. lie loet bis fatlior 
in bia fourth year, luid Micceeded lo the earl- 
dom on the death 'if hii' grandfather ia 15:24. 
I'Vtm O-bildhiKid hi: won, undw 1h« guardian- 
ftbip of the llatl of Angus, brought up alm^ 
with JamL-« V, who wiui nearly of tb* saiaK 
age. On Xi\f- fall of AnguH in Ift^, UunUj, 
by the king^"* deeiiei waa pliiced under 




Gordon 



179 



Gordon 



din^tioD of t)M^ iibl«*i nut«n. In 1&3& In 

was sworn a member o( t\» ^rivy couaciL 

Wbvn tlie king in ihe followiug year Ivfl 

widdnnly f<ir Frmnpt>. H iint ly wu on? of tbone 

wbtim bv infomiMl of ib» doftiaation and 

purpuB^ of bis journey, and wkon ti<^a{i|iainUwl 

• i.>oiif»cil of Kgvncy unlil Lie nilurn wiih lu» 

bride, the PrioceM Mad<^lin«^, in May !r^7. 

In tlii; folluwio^ July t)ie Muster n{ Forbn* 

wa», ua iht ii£cui>atiaii of Hiintiv, ri>iii)«<niDed 

■ad nceeitted for (yinapirinf vmif yt-nnt pf«> 

ncn»)y to shoot the king u he pastied tbniugl) 

AberilMn. Biirhanan iu4i>rt»that thecbaixe 

I wsa cooooctpd by Uuully, and ibe jury cor- 

^ft mpled by hitn, but then- ii no eitant «vt- 

^1 deuce bearing on the HubJMt. About thJa 

^F time HiintlyKOiTedtlie important xppciint- 

^f HODi of lirulttnimi nf th«i north, and in I^U 

h* mxftaymBtted tk« kuifc in his jounisy to tbe 

irtvtr-ru ulce. In lRi'2 h« waa appoint«d 

captAut-VDnvnl of a fon.-u raia(>d In oppo-w 8ir 

Bi